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Full text of "History of Greene County, Ohio; embracing the organization of the county, its division into townships, sketches of local interest gleaned from the pioneers from 1803 to 1840, together with a roster of the soldiers of the Revolution and the War of 1812, who were residing in the county, also, a roster of ten thousand of the early settlers from 1803 to 1840"

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embracing the 

Organization of the County, its Division into Townships, Sketches 

OF Local Interest Gleaned fuom the Pioneers from 

1803 TO 1840, Together with a 

Rostek ok the Soldiers of the Revolution and the War of 181-2, who were 

Residing in the County, 


A Roster of Ten Thousand of the Early Settlers 
FROM 1803 to 1840. 




The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company 


'^ T is a source of regret that more care has not been taken to preserve the 
history of the early settlers of the County of Greene. As an illustration of 
this neglect, we give the following and only surviving and fragmentary history 
of John Paul: "John Paul sold to Joseph C. Vance, director for the per- 
VJIF manent seat of justice for said county, the 257'[ acres of ground, which con- 

}Jn stituted the original corporation of the now city of Xenia for two hundred 

and fifty dollars. He was also appointed to act as the first Clerk of Courts 
for said County, which office he held from the year 1803 until December 7th, 1803." 

We find in the minutes of a special court that had been called, the following com- 
munication from Mr. Paul: 
"To the Commissioners of Greene County: 

" Mr. Josiah Grover will attend as Clerk at your next meeting, and at the end of the 
same you may proceed to choose another Clerk in my place. 

"John Paul, Clerk of Courts." 
The above is about all that we know of the original proprietor of the city of Xenia. 
and what applies to Mr. Paul is also true in regard to the most of our grand old pioneers; 
At the end almost of the ist Century of our State and County's birthday we find ourselves 
asking: Who was John Paul? From what state did he come? What became of him? 
Who were his ancestors, and who his decendants? 

We seek in vain for an an answer to these questions in the old County histories. 
Those who could have answered are dead. One source only remains; the old official 
papers of the county that were supposed to have had "their day", and like a well worn 
garment were cast away, bo.xed up and put into many of the out of way places of different 
public county buildings. 

In the early spring of 1897 the compiler of this work, having discovered the where- 
abouts of said papers, and being interested in the early history of our county, called the 
attention of the Commissioners then officiating, Messers. John B. Stevenson, John Fudge, 
James W. Pollock, and soon after, Lewis Smith, to the fact that in an upstair room of 
the Court House there were nine bo.xes stored away containing valuable county papers. 
No one knew what they were beyond the fact that many of them were the first papers of 
the county, and for lack of room, on account of the rapid increase of the legal business 
they had been carted away, thus making room for the papers of a later date. 


We were told by the commissioners that they were aware of facts stated, that 
others before them also recognized that something should be done, but who could do the 
work ? The result was that the compiler of this work secured a contract for a small 
compensation per week to sort out and classify the records. 

Out of twenty-five hundred cases at law, eleven hundred or more were found that 
were valuable on account of being decisions in regard to the first ownership and division 
of land. They were carefully assorted and put in shape, so that, when called for, could 
be found as readily as other papers of the county. In addition to the above mentioned 
papers there were found also the four books of the enumerators that had been appointed 
to take the names of the voters of the four townships into which Greene County had been 
divided at the first organization of the county, May lo, 1803. In these books were found 
the names of four hundred and thirty-nine persons, who, from the years 1803 to 1805, 
were living on land now comprised in every county north of Greene to the north bound- 
ary line of the state, and during which time Champaign County was established, which 
deprived Greene of her large northern domain. Also there were found the poll books of 
elections of the different county townships from its organization in 1803 to 1840. 

Many reasons could be given why our pioneers failed to leave on record the many 
facts that we would like to know, but of which we today are ignorant. No nation under 
the sun has such a history as ours. Beginning with the small handful who first discov- 
ered the country, it has increased rapidly in growth, until now, in the morning of the 
year 1900, we have a population of seventy- five million inhabitants. Ohio, our own loved 
state, what a contrast we see between the Ohio of the year 1803 and the Ohio of 1900! 

About the year 1830 we find a disposition among the first settlers to meet and 
talk over matters in reference to the organization of pioneer associations, and in almost 
every decade after in the history of the county, efforts would be made for that purpose; 
and in all their constitutions and by-laws we find a law as follows: "The object of this 
association shall be to preserve a true record of the early settlement of our county and its 

As far as we know, they failed in their laudable efforts. For a few years they 
would assemble and entertain each other, and then they would forget for years to meet. 
Many valuable articles would be read and afterward published in the papers of the day. 
The papers would be lost, and in those papers history that would be beyond price to us 
who are now living at the close of the first century of our state's history. However, 
many valuable papers have been found and have helped much to add interest to this effort 
to compile a History of the Pioneers of Greene County, from 1803 to 1840. 

In my travels over the county from North to South, and from East to West, I 
have visited every graveyard in the county, and collected from the tombstones historical 
data which could not be obtained elsewhere. Many times would the beautiful parable 
found in the book of Ezekiel, thirty-seventh chapter, come to mind, whilst in some of 
the lonely graveyards of Greene County, and mentally, the question would arise, "Can 
these dry bones be made to live.'" By the aid of these same old papers and by patient 
research much has been found which I trust will be of interest to the people of Greene 


And now, in conclusion, I desire to thank one and all who in any way gave aid to 
me in this work by their uniform courtesy, patience in answering questions, and granting 
the privilege of access to historical data which was in their care and keeping. Without 
mentioning names this will apply to the ofificers of our old Court House, to the Sons and 
Daughters of the American Revolution, to the Adjutant General of Ohio, the General 
Assembly of the State, War and Pension Department, Washington, D. C, to the men 
on their farms, in the towns, and to all who in this and other states have so promptly 
and readily responded to, and answered letters of inquiry in regard to their ancestors. 




In the Beginning JS 

Territorial Organization of 

Greene County 20 

Sugar Creek Township 20 

Caesar's Creek Township ... 21 

Mad River Township 22 

Eeaver Creek Township .... 2,? 
CVganization of Xenia Town- 
ship 28 

Bath Township 30 

Atiami Township 31 

SUver Creek Township .... .^2 

R iss Township 33 

V.ince Township 34 

Ctdarville Township 35 

Ni-w Jasper Township 36 

Spring Valley Township ... 36 

Jefferson Township 36 

John Paul 36 

General Joseph C. Vance... 40 

Francis Uunlavey 42 

Benjamin Whiteman 45 

\V'iIIi;un Ma.xwell 17 

James Barrett 49 

Jacob Smith 50 

James Snowden 52 

James Cialloway. Sr 53 

William A. Realty 54 

Owen Davis 55 

Josiah Grover 57 

Remembrance Williams .... 58 

James Popenoe, Sr 59 

Lewis Davis 60 

Xenia i:i i8og 61 

Gowdy Family 63 

James Gowdy 64 

Ryan G' nvdy 63 

John Htaton, Sr 6(1 

James Collier 66 

Moses Collier 73 

Sugar Creek Township 74 

First House in Greene County. 75 

First Mill in Greene County. 7;, 
First Settlers in Greene 

County- 7; 

Jo.seph Vance 7 J 

Nathan Lamme yC 


David Lamme 7O 

First Sclioolhouse in Bell- 
brook 77 

James Bain 77 

The Pickney Road 78 

Old Associate Graveyard ... 78 

Mrs. James Collier 78 

Joseph Robinson 79 

William Rogers 79 

Alexander Bcrryhill 79 

James Bain 80 

Willian» McCanlas 80 

William Bain 80 

William Law, Sr 80 

George Watt. Sr 80 

The (iowdy Family 81 

Tile Hutchison Family 8i 

Samuel Logan 82 

Jolin Torrence 82 

Jesse Sanders 83 

Josi di Klani 84 

Henry Lpdyke Hi 

James Clancey 84 

Step'ien Bell 86 

Three Founders of Bellbrook. 84 

Villa-e of Bellbrook 86 

John McLane 87 

John C. Hale. Sr 89 

Mose^ VWdton 90 

Richard Cunningham 91 

Sackttt Farm 92 

George Hincy 92 

First Ci'urt of Common Pleas. 93 

Francis Dunlavy 93 

William Maxwell ' 94 

Benjani'n Whiteman 94 

James Barrett 94 

Daniel Symms 95 

First Grand Jury 95 

Moses Shoup 96 

Samiel Allison. Sr 96 

The Harbine Family 97 

Thomas Davis 98 

William Read 98 

Nimrod Haddox 98 

Peter Borders 99 

The Slephensons 99 


John Hosier 99 

James McPherson 102 

Thomas Carneal 103 

Joshua Bell 104 

Samuel Peterson 104 

George Mallow'. Sr 105 

Stephen Scotlt 106 

John Fudge 107 

Daniel Ha\erstick, Sr 107 

Robert T. Marshall loS 

A Bear Story 108 

C. L. Merrick 109 

Merrick's Hotel no 

Xenia in 1811 no 

Remembrance Wilbams .... in 

John Marshall in 

V\'illiani .\. Beatly 111-113 

James Towlcr in 

Josiah Grover 112 

Benjamin Grover 112 

James Collier 112 

John Alexander 112 

James Bunting 112 

Eli .^dams 113 

William Gordon 113 

First Brewery of Xenia 113 

Hugh Hamill 113 

Dr. A. W. Davidson 113 

First Courthouse' 114 

Samuel Gamble 114 

John Gregg n4 

John Hibling 114 

Joseph Hamill 114 

.Abraham I^rue 114 

David Laughead 114 

Peter Pelham 114 

Hezekiah Samuels 115 

John Sterritt 115 

James Watson 115 

Henry Barnes, Sr 115 

-Jonathan H. Wallace 115 

Robert (iowdy 115 

Richard Con well n5 

First Public Library n6 

Xenia Incorporated 117 

Sale of Public S.juare iiS 

Thomas Coke Wright 120 


Early Pliysicians 

Joshua Martin 

Joseph Johnson 

Henry Good 

William Bell 


Joseph Templeton 

Samuel Martin 

Robert Casbolt 

Horace Lawrence 

Mathias Winans 

Ewlass Ball 

Professional Men 


Physicians and Surgeons 

Steam Doctors 

"Ye Olden Times" 

James Scott 

Galloway Corner 

Thomasi Steele 

Robert Nesbit 

Samuel Crumbaugh .... 

Abraham Larcw 

An Old Landmark 

Edw ard Watts 

George Gordon 

Moses Trader 

William T. Stark 

John Hibling 

William Ellsberry 

Ebenezer Steele 

The Hamills 

William Owen. Sr 

George Wright, Sr 

Henry Hypes 

George W. Wright 

Daniel R. Brewington . . 
Fredrick Bonner, Sr 





Early Times i ^i 

Wile'y Curtis 15S 

First .Associate Reformed 

Church 158 

John Steele 150 

David B. Cline 159 

Edward Wamble 160 

Michael Nunnemaker 161 

Aaron Harlan 162 

James J. Winans 163 

Daniel Lewis 164 

Abraham Blann 165 

William Bull. Sr 165 

First M. E. Church 16& 

Depositions of Pioneers 168 

Abner Read 174 

Yellow Springs in 1804 175 

Jacob Mills 176 

Old Town 176 

Roger Clark 1 78 

David Laughead 178 

Benjamin Logan 180 

The Death of Muluntha 180 

General Harmar 180 

Looking Backward 181 

Pioneer Amusements 181 

Earlv Soldiers iSl 

Old Time Muster 181 

Chillicothe . 183 

Shawnee Indian 184 

Blackfish 184 

Tecumseh 186 

Renegade Whitemen 186 

Daniel Boone 187 

David, Laughead 188 

Simon Kenton 190 

-Andrew Galloway .' 193 

.■\rm-trong's Second Coming. 194 


Robert Armstrong 196 

William Cooley's Recollec- 
tions 200 

The Old Cabin and Pioneer 

Church 206 

The Old Schoolhouse 207 

Pioneer Habits 208 

Pioneer Homes 210 

Stealing of the Bride 212 

Stealing of the Groom 212 

Building of the Cabin 213 

Key to Civilization 215 

Sylvester Strong's Recollec- 
tions 216 

Interview With John Mills.. 217 

Payton Moorman 221 

William Sanders 221 

Edward Warren 222 

John Gordon 22^ 

Lancelot Junkin 224 

Junkin Schoolhouse 225 

First Schoolhouse of Cedar- 
ville Township 227 

Pioneers Remembered by Dr. 

Watt '. 227 

Thomas Townsley, Sr 229 

Daniel Dean, Sr 230 

Samuel Kyle 230 

David M. Laughead, Sr 231, 

Origin of the Name "Indian". 2^2 
Caesar's Creek .Associate 

Church 2^2 

.Andrew Heron 234 

Reformed Presbyterian 

Church 235 

County Officials from 1803-40. 236 

Soldiers in War of 1812 240 

Pioneers from 1803 to 1840. . 262 



Alexander. H. A S.\2 

Alexander, M. C 44° 

Alexander. P. A 631 

Allaiiioii. J. M 521 

Allen. J. B 84S 

Allison, S. M 579 

Ambiilil. John 581 

Anderson. J. R 898 

Andrew, S. G 422 

Ankeney. .Alljcrt 751 

Ankcncy, David 755 

Artwgtist. C. E .. 918 

Arnett, B. W 810 

Baldwin, 1. W 718 

Bankerd. H. C 780 

Barnett, J. 677 

Barnett. Joshua 655 

Barber, \V. M 456 

Barrows. M. F 515 

Bates. Jjicol) 613 

Baughtnan, A. H 53^ 

Beal, A. H 454 

Beal, D. E 908 

Beam, D. H 731 

Bell, T. H 676 

Bickett, A. R 722 

Bicketl. M. A 479 

Bickett, W. H 700 

Bigger, John 676 

Bisine, .Andrew 615 

Black, Simon 6w 

Brandt. G. VV 869 

Brewer. 11. R 860 

Broadstone. M. A 594 

Brown. Cornelius 892 

Brown, Hallie Q 480 

Bryan, F. P 520 

Buckles. H. S 773 

Bull. William H ^82 

Bull. VV. H 730 

Carey. F. C 911 

Carlisle. Towne 519 

Carruthers, J. B 548 

Caison, J. G 407 

Chew, J. P 907 

Chitty, Cargel 926 

Clemens, J. G 604 

Cline. VV. C 7yi 

Collins. J. D 749 

Collins. J. Q 720 

Colvin, E. H 510 

Compton, Jesse 696 

Compton, Wilson 752 

Confer, George 486 

Confer, VV. G 499 

Conklin, Henry 840 

Cooper, J. H 694 

Cox. S. W 426 

Crandall, A. R 903 

Criles, Aaron 621 

Cunnuings, J. B 460 

Cunningham, William 795 

Darst, M. C 643 

Daugherty, J. H 443 

Dean, J, N 450 

DeVoe, Joseph 716 

I )odds, George 804 

Dodds, J. C 852 

Dodds. William 78') 

Douglas. R. W 728 

Drees. Tobias 661 

Edwards. J. U 79S 

Ellis. Joshua 608 

Engel. George 678 

Evans, C. R. 593 

Evans. F. S 915 

Evans. Isaac 914 

Evans, M. E 543 

Evans, Moses 532 

Faulkner, .'\llen 692 

Ferguson, J. L 552 

Fisher. A. L 663 

Fleming. E. C 754 

Fowler, R. J 8,38 

Frazer. A. S . . . . . goq 

Fudge. J. W 819 

Fulton. N. A 640 


Galloway, J. C 464 

Galloway. J. E 470 

Galloway. Richard 66S 

Gerlaugh. Adam 784 

Gerlaugh. Arthur 590 

Gerlaugh. E. 854 

(jillaugh, Conrad 791 

Ginn. J. L 534 

Glotfeltcr. Warren H 726 

Glotfelter. VV. H 636 

Gfjrdon, G. R 665 

Gowdy. I. A. W2 

Gowdy, R. L 85S 

Gregg. A. M 648 

Gregg. J. B 616 

(jrieve. Robert . . . 659 

Grinnoll. Francis . 578 

Hagar. Walter 671 

Hagenbuch, W. A 019 

Hagler. C. F. . . . 748 

Hagler, G. M . 6i.( 

Hagler, M. A 904 

Hagler. W. I. . 714 

Hale. S. O.. . 485 

Harbine, J. H 710 

Hardie, W. B 890 

Harner, J. A 455 

Harper, G. W 410 

Harshman. J. F 541 

Hartley, M. J 507 

Haverstick, F. .M 762 

Haverstick, J. F 686 

Haverstick, Thomas 603 

Hawker, J. M 619 

Hawkins. B. F 891 

Hawkins. J. H 457 

Hebble. J. W '. . 600 

Hering. A. F 853 

Hess. T. H 639 

Hill. J. M... 595 

Holloway. Isaiah 572 

Hopping. VV. H 597 

Hoverstick. J. C 922 

Howard, C. F 531 

Howard, R. F 529 



Hower. Samuel 680 

Hiimston. Hal 779 

Hussey, J. H 416 

Jackson. .Andrew 490 

Jacoby, R. S 4i5 

Jones, Adoni 7.3^ 

Kellv, J. A 628 

Kelly, N. J 554 

Kelly. R. A 874 

Kemp, L. A 444 

Kendall. Clark 549 

Kent, F. M 439 

King. J. VV 610 

Knisley. F. E 638 

Koogler. J. H 836 

Krepps, Jeremiah 771 

Kyle, A. C 681 

Kyle, C. H 44<5 

Kyle. Henry 871 

Kvle, Joseph 691 

Kvle, J. H 618 

Kyne, John 777 

Kyne, Thomas 779' 

La Fong. O. B 708 

Lafong, S. G 859 

Leaman, John 750 

Lee. B. F 568 

Le Sourd, S. B 796 

Linkhart. C. W 424 

Little. 4'^ 

Little, John 879 

Logan. C. F 737 

Long. H. C 523 

Love. W. J 921 

Lucas. J. B 538 

Lumpkin. \V, H 719 

Lutz, John 654 

Lytle. Robert 703 

MacCracken. J. S 558 

MacDiU. David 698 

Mallow, S. M 459 

Mallow. S. P 500 

Manor. J. W 768 

Marshall. D. H 516 

Mason. Isaiah 760 

McBee. C. \\ 702 

McCartnev, L. H 684 

McClellan. H. R 807 

McClelland. William 495 

McClure. F. A 539 

McClure, J. S 653 

McClure. W. S 835 

McElroy. A. J 701 

McGervey, F. E 504 

McMillan, H. H 826 


McKay. G. A 409 

McKay. N. S 588 

McPherson. J. H 418 

McPherson. William 9>(' 

Mendenhall. John 870 

Miars. A. H 561 

Millen, Eli 6,^2 

Miller, W. L 9i-' 

Mitchell, S. T 564 

Moore, G. M 9^4 

Moore. John 9-3 

Morris, M. V 769 

Morris, W. S 84O 

Munger, E. H 496 

Mussetter, William 897 

Nash, R. H 864 

Xeeld, W. M 902 

Orr, John 51.^ 

Osterly. Leonard 9^0 

Overholser, Jeremiah 5-2- 

Owens, H. W 756 

Owens, W. H 747 

Painter. J. S '562 

Patterson, T. C 5-26 

Perrill. G. N 704 

Peterson, J. L 802 

Peterson, Martin 857 

Pettigrew W. D 7-20 

Poague, R. D 900 

Poague, W. T 901 

Pollock, J. W 656 

Puterbaugh. J. F 873 

Quinn, Elias 803 

Raney. J. L 740 

Rhoades. W. \' 449 

Ridenour, J. R 447 

Robinson. G. F 820 

RoutKong. .-Kdam 601 

Scarborough, W. S 863 

Scroggy, T. E 742 

Shaffer. F. N 44.3 

Shappee, W, A 682 

Shearer, C. C 789 

Shoup, Marcus 41S 

Simison. Milo 882 

Sims. J. C 57' 

Sinz. G.\ J, 832 

Sipc. Noah 488 

Smith, E. M 741 

Smith, G. C 88g 

Smith. H. L 761 

Smith. J. R 469 

Smith. Joseph R 673 


Smith. Lewis 503 

Spahr. Leander 645 

Spahr. R. S 622 

Spahr, S. M 55i 

Sparks. Simon 666 

Spencer, C. L 884 

Stafford, H. H 660 

Stark, A. M 475 

Steele, J. D 573 

Stewart, D. M 646 

Stewart, J. M 634 

Stine, B. L 9^5 

Stormont, J. H 862 

Story, E. A 7J2 

St. John, D. M 647 

St. John Family. The 830 

Stidl. J. A 709 

Sullivan, C. H 5I3 

Talbert, George 808 

Tarbo.x. J. M 729 

Taylor, Jesse 633 

Taylor. W. G 629 

Thomas, J. H 592 

Thompson. Augustus 413 

Tobias. A. J 825 

Tobias, William 689 

Townsley. T, P 883 

Trader, W. F 839 

Trebein, F. C _ 495 

Turner, J . S 477 

Van Eaton. J. B 559 

X'arner. .\nthony 477 

Wade, T. B 79^ 

Walton. E. R 674 

Walton. Moses 576 

Warner. P. P 9'.^ 

Watt. D. B 4.37 

Weaver. C. S 684 

Weaver. V. E 525 

Whitenian. L. H 544 

Whitmer, C. W 511 

Whilson. Oliver 713 

Williamson. C. E 685 

Williamson. W. C 845 

Wilson. J. N 506 

Wilson. O, .-\ 467 

Wilson, Samuel 710 

Wilson, S. S 7J2 

Wolf. Frank 598 

Wolf. G. H 817 

Wolford, J. H 509 

Woodward. S. F 428 

Woolsev. Ida C 774 

Wright. W. D 649 

Xenia Republican. The 841 







Oliiu was the first honi state uf the 
Xurlliwcst 'I'errilury ni.rth ui the Ohiu ri\- 
er. Its territurial era was from 1788 to 
J 803, under the ordinance of 1787. The 
first territorial legislature met at Chillicuthe 
Xovember 24, 1799, and adjourned Janu- 
ary 29, 1801. The second territorial legis- 
lature met November 23, 1801, and ad- 
journed January 23, 1802. According to 
William A. Taylor's grand compilation of 
facts, found in his able work, "Ohio States- 
men and Annals of Progress,"' a political 
revolution ensued at tlie close of the year 
1802. The territorial government was over- 
thrown, and tiie state government estab- 
lished. Thirty-six able men were chosen 
to formulate a state constitution, and take 
the necessary steps for admission to the 
Union of States. They met at Chillicothe 
Xovemljer i, 1802. Among the number were 
two who were at that date credited to Tlam- 
ilton county, but were at the time residing 
in the bounds of what is now Greene coun- 
ty, Greene as yet not organized. They were 

John Wilson, living three miles south of the 
present site of Bellbrouk, near "Clio," and 
Ciil. John Paul, residing at what is now 
known as 'J'rebeins Station, and afterwards 
known as the founder of Xenia, Ohio, and 
also of Madison, Indiana. Under this con- 
stitution the state emerged from its terri- 
torial stage finally, by the passage of the 
act February 19, 1803. by congress, empow- 
ering the state to execute laws, by which she 
was admitted and fully recognized as one 
(if the states of the Union and thus becom- 
ing the seventeenth star as represented on 
the flag. 

In tracing the original organization of 
our county of Greene, and the locating of 
the temporarv "Seat of Justice." for the 
same, we find that we are brought into near 
relatimiship with i'we counties of the state. 
Mannltun county was organized January 2, 
1790, by proclamation of Governor St. 
Clair, and Ross was established eight years 
later, August 20. 1798. Without goin^;- into 
details as to the boundaries of the two 
counties from which, by an act of the legis- 
lature, the counties of \\'arren, Butler, 
Alontgomerv and Greene were taken, we 


would refer the reader to the authority, as 
to wlio it was wiio ga\-e to our county its 
name, Greene, and to whom we are respon- 
sible for our first courts being held in the 
township of Beavercreek, at the house of 
Owen Davis, or was sometimes called the 
house of Peter Borders. The township was 
named after Bea\-er creek, a branch that 
emptied into the Little Miami river. 

\\'e find in vdlume one, page 303, of 
the Laws of Ohio, under date of March 24. 
1803, an act for the division of Hamilton 
and Ross counties. Section i of said act 
applies to the formation of Warren coun- 
ty; section 2 of said act ai>[3lies to the 
formation of Butler county; section 3 of 
said act applies to the formation of Mont- 
gomery countv; section 4 of said act ap- 
plies to the formation of Greene county ; 
section 5 of said act applies to, and reserves 
the right of Hamilton and Ross counties to 
make distress for all dues, and officers' fees 
unpaid by the inliabitants within the bounds 
of said new counties at the time of such di- 
vision, etc. Section 6 provides that until 
a permanent seat of justice shall be affixed 
in the several new counties by commission- 
ers appointed for that purpose, the follow- 
ing places shall be temporary seats of jus- 
tice, and courts shall be lield thereat. In the 
countv of \\'arren, at the house of Ephraim 
Hathaway on Turtle creek. In the county 
(if Butler, at the house of John Torrence, in 
the town of Hamilton. In the county of 
Montgomery, at the house of George New- 
come, in the town of Dayton. And for the 
county of Greene, at tlie house of Owen Da- 
\is, on Beaver creek. 

The fathers of that day, who were mem- 
l)crs of the general assembly of Ohio, were 
]iatriotic men as evinced by the names which 

they gave the new made counties just 
formed. The first county, Warren, named 
for General Joseph Warren, who fell at the 
battle of Bunker Llill. The second count}" 
formed, Butler, was named for a distin- 
guished officer of the Revolution, General 
Richard Butler, who fell in St. Clair's de- 
feat. The third county organized, Mont- 
gomery, was named after General Richard 
Montgomery, a soldier of the Revolution, 
killed in the assault upon Quebec. The 
fourth and last organized, Greene county, 
named for General Nathaniel Greene, an- 
other distinguished officer of said war. 

Section 7 of this act also shows that our 
legislative fathers did not want anything like 
injustice to result from any action of theirs, 
and therefore enacted further that all the in- 
habitants of the counties of Montgomery 
and Greene, who lived north of the eighth 
range shall be exempt from any tax for the 
purpose of erecting court houses and gaols 
(jails) in the aforesaid counties of Mont- 
gO'Uiery and Greene. 

Section 8 of this act provides that this 
act shall commence and l)e in full force 
from and after the first day of May next, 
making as it were I\Iay i, 1803, the birth- 
da\- of Greene, Warren, Butler and ^lont- 
gomery counties. 

Thus it is shown by this act that in the 
formation of Greene and Montgomery coun- 
ties to them was given a large exent of ter- 
ritory, extending from their present south- 
ern boundary to the north line of the state, 
and from the west line of the state to the 
cast line of (Iretne county. 

.\s it is a matter of historical interest 
in \"iew of the fact that volume one of the 
Laws of Ohio enacted in the town of Chilli- 
cothe, at a meeting of the first general as- 


jemhlv of Oliio, is \'ery rare, and hence more 
^•aluable, from it will give entire the orig- 
inal boundary of Montgomery and Greene 
counties as found in that number. 

Section 3 of an act dividing Hamilton 
and Ross counties is as follows : That all 
that ])arl of Hamilton countv included with- 
in the following boundary, viz: Beginning 
I in the state line at the northwest corner of 
the county of Butler, thence east with the 
lines of Butler and Warren U> the east line 
of section number sixteen, in the third town- 
ship, and fifth range; thence north eighteen 
miles, thence east two miles, thence north 
to the state line, thence with the same li> the 
west boundary of the state; thence south 
with said boundary to the lieginning, shall 
compose a thirtl new county called and 
known by the name of jMontgomery. 

Section 4 of said act enacts that all that 
part ijf the county of Hamilton and Ross in- 
cluded m the following bounds, viz: Be- 
ginning at the southeast corner of Mont- 
gomery county, running thence east to the 
Ross county line, and the same course con- 
tinued eight miles over the said county of 
Ross; thence north to the state lin^ thence 
westwardly with the same to the east line of 
Montgomery county, thence bounded by 
said line i.if Montgomerv to the beginning, 
shall comix)se a fourth new county called 
and known by the name of Greene. 

From this it can be seen that part of the 
land then called Montgomery and Greene 
counties, was held but temporary, and the 
time would come when other counties would 
be formed from them. Such was the case 
with Greene, when February jo, 1805, 
Champaign county was organized, thus cur- 
tailing Greene -of her large northern botm- 
dary. The founders of our county Greene. 
as will appear, were men who were well 

versed in the laws and acts of the general 
assembly of the state. 

At the same session of the general as- 
sembly, March 28, 1803. was enacted a law 
for establishing seats of justice for new 
made counties, as f(jllows: 

Section i. Be it enacted by the general 
assembly of the state of Ohio, that for each 
new county estal)lishe(l during the present 
or any future session of the legislature 
three commissioners shall be appointed 
whose duty it shall he to examine and de- 
termine wJiat part of said county so estal>- 
lished is the most eligible for holding the 
several courts within the said county, and it 
sliall be the duty of the secretary of state 
immediately to notify the persuns of their 
several appointments. 

Section 2. And be it further enacted 
that no person residing within the county so 
established, or holding any real property 
within tiie same, and who has not arrived 
at the age of twenty-five years, and been a 
resident of the state one year, shall be eligi- 
l>le as a commissioner. 

Many reasons ha\e been given w hy the 
first site chosen as the tempcrar)- seat of jus- 
tice, five and one half miles west of the pres- 
ent city of Xenia. on what is now known as 
Ihe llarbinc farm, was not continued as the 
permanent county seat of Greene county. 
The best reason that we find, and we think 
the correct one. is to be found in secton 3 
of this act. defining the duty of said section 
stating that they shall proceed to examine 
and select the most proper place as the seat 
of justice as near the cctifcr of the county as 
possible, paying regard to the situation, ex- 
tent of population, and quality of the land, 
together with the general convenience and 
interests of the inhabitants. 

Section 4 enacts that the Cf.mmissioners 



after having agreed upon the place for the 
seat of justice, shaU make report thereof to 
the next court cf common pleas to he held in 
said county, if it appears no town has heen 
previously laid off at the place agreed on hv 
the commissioners, the court shall appoint a 
direct(n-, who. after giving sufficient hond 
for his faithful performance, shall he fullv 
authorized to purchase the land of the pro- 
l^rietor ur proprietors for the use and behoof 
of the county, and proceed to lay off said 
land into lots, streets and alleys under such 
regulations as the court may prescribe (see 
\'ol. I, page 109. Laws of Ohio, Alarch _'8, 

^\'e are filled with admiration at the 
jjromptness to act, of our pioneer fathers. — 
"in the beginning" — as we have seen the 
formation of the four new counties was ac- 
complislied by an act of the legislature, 
March 28, 1803, by the passage of an act for 
that purpose. Said act to commence and be 
in force May ist, 1803. 

Ten tlays afterward. ]\Iay 10, 1803, in 
obedience to an act of the general assembly, 
passed April 16, 1803, wherein was made 
the duty of the associate judges of the court 
of common pleas, in each and every county 
\vithin the state then orgamzed, to meet on 
the lOth day of May, 1803, following at the 
places that had been designated where courts 
were to be held, and proceed to lay out these 
counties respecti\-el}- into a convenient num- 
ber of townships, and also to determine for 
each township a proper number of justices 
of the peace, who were to be elected on the 
2 1 St of June following. 

This first meeting of the associate judges 
was called a court, but it was not for the 
trial of cases, but for the transacting of 
Inisiness pertaining to the organization of 
the countv under the laws which have been 

cited. William Maxwell, Benjamin White- 
man and James Barrett were the first asso- 
ciate judges, and as Mr. ]\Iaxwell had Ijeen 
a member of the first general assembly, and 
had helped to formulate and pass the laws 
which have been mentioned, and there can 
be no doubt but it was he who had selected 
his two associates. Whiteman and Barrett, 
and had himself taken the oath of office of 
associate judge, before lea\ing Chillicothe to 
attend this court, and the record says "he 
administered the oath to Benjannn White- 
man and James Barrett." 


May 10. 1803. Court being duly organ- 
ized. Col. John Paul was appointed clerk 
pro tail, to said court, and took the oath of 
office. The court then proceeded to lay off 
the county into townships, as follows : there 
lieing no counties north of Greene, the large 
strip of land extending from the present 
southern boundary of the county, to the 
north boundary line of the state, by the 
width t)f the county, was divided into four 
townships, namelv : Sugarcreek, Ceasars- 
creek. ^lad-River, and Beavercreek. 


Tlie west line of Sugarcreek was the 
same as now, seven miles long, the north- 
western corner of the township being at the 
northwestern corner of the tenth section in 
the western line of the county ; from this 
jioint tlie line extended south, along the 
western line of the county: seven miles, to 
the southwest corner of the same ; thence, 
east, crossing the Little Miami River, and 
the same course continued four miles east 



of the river \-ery nearly to the southeast cor- 
ner of wliat is now Spring-Valley town- 
ship; thence north ten miles, to a point due 
east from the point of beginning. This 
point, tile nnrtheastern corner of Sugarcreek 
township, was about two miles south, by a 
little west from the present city of Xenia. 
The township included what is now Sugar- 
creek, nearly all of Spring-\\illey, and the 
southwest part c.f what is now Xenia town- 

In compiling and separating the old pa- 
pers of the county, the four books, in which 
were tlie names of the first to settle in the 
four original townships were found, signed 
bv the enumerator of each of the f<iur town- 
shi])s. James Collier took the names of 
those living at the time in Sugarcreek town- 
ship, who were free white male inhabitants, 
v.ver the age of twenty-one. He com- 
irer.ced the work August 3, 1803, and com- 
P'leted it .\ugust 10. 1803, reporting a total 
of 71. W'c will copy from his little book 
the names (if tlnise nf the aforesaid dale who 
were living in Sugarcreek township: Seth 
Anderson, Samuel Anderson, Alexander 
Armstrong, Robert Buckles, \\'illiam Buck- 
les. James Buckles, Ejihram Bnwen, James 
Barrett, Sr.. James I>arrett, Jr., Samuel 
Brewster, Alexander Barnes, James Barnes, 
James Bruce, James Cunningham, James 
Clancey, James Collier, David Curry, Rev. 
Joshua^Carman, Joseph Campbell, John En- 
nis. Thompson Ennis, Samuel Ennis, Jere- 
miah Ennis, Isaac Gerard, John Gowdy, 
Thomas Hale, John Hale, Joseph Hale, 
Jacob Horner, Benjamin Horner. John 
Heaton, Jacob Hosier, John Irwin, Joseph 
James. John Knight, Capt. X'athan Lamme. 
Samuel Martindale. Ezekiel ^lartin, Samuel 
Alarlin. Isaac Martin, ^^■illiam Miller. Roli- 

ert Marshall, John ^Marshall, John Mc- 
Knight, John McLean, Willis Xorthcutt, 
Joseph Robinson, Joseph Robinson, Jr., Ed- 
ward Robinson, William Snodgrass, Sr., 
William Snodgrass, Jr.. James Snodgrass, 
Sr., James Snodgrass, Jr.. Robert Snod- 
grass, James Snowden, Jacob Snowden, 
Cyrus Sackett, Daniel Thomas, Abraham 
Thomas, \Mlliam Tanner, James Tanner, 
Abraham V'anEaton, John \'ance. Sr., John 
X'ance, Jr., Joseph C. Vance, Joseph \'ance, 
John Wilson, Sr,, John Wilson, Jr., Daniel 
Wilson, George Wilson and .\ndrew 


Ceasarscreek township began at the 
ni:;rtheast corner of Sugarcreek. running 
thence Udrth to the Little Miami. It ran 
about half a mile west of the present city 
of Xenia, and intersected the Little Miami 
river west of Oldtown, at the mouth of 
Massies creek ; thence it extended east to the 
east line of the county. On the east and 
south it was bounded by the county lines. 
This township was about four times as large 
as Sugarcreek, extending north from the 
southern boundary about fifteen miles, and 
inchuled all of the .southeastern part of the 
county. The population of Ceasarscreek 
township at the time of its organization, 
]\Iay 10, 1803, of the free white males, over 
the age of twenty-one, as taken by Joseph 
Price, first assessor of said townshii), was 
iifty-eight, old enoug'h to vote, and follow- 
ing are the names : James Bonner. Isaac 
Bonner. Jacob Bone, Samuel Bone, John 
Bellington. Josiah Elam, John A. Hoop, 
Stephenes Hoggert. Josiah Hunt, James 
Lijwrv. Joseph Lambert. Samuel Lee, John 



Lucas, Caleli Lucas. Jolin Montgomery. 
Samuel Martin, John Martin. Steplien ^len- 
denliall. Martin Mendenhall, John Menden- 
hall, WilHani Mullen. Samuel Miller, Ed- 
ward Mercer, Isaiah ]\lcDonald, Dempsey 
McDonald, Levet McDonald, \\'illiam Mc- 
Farland. Josejjh Price, David Price, Sr., 
David Price, Jr., Frederick Price, Peter 
Price, David Painter, Nathan Porter. James 
Porter. Henry Prill, Jr., Henry Prill, Sr., 
James Corry, Joliix Campbell, \Villiam 
Conkleton, J( el Conkleton, George Isham, 
Lenard Stump, Joseph Sterrett, John Ster- 
ritt. Isiah Sutton, Joniah Sutton, Amaziah 
Sutton, Samuel Sutton. Lewis Sutton. Will- 
iam Garner Sutton. William L Stewart, 
Xtjah Strong, Reuben Strong, William 
Stantield, Joseph Wilson, Sr., Joseph \\"\\- 
son, Jr.. Remembrance Williams. 


Mad Ri\er township was Xo. 3, and its 
population at the time of organization was 
156 of free white males over the age of 
twenty-one, taken by John Daugherety, of 
Springfield, first enumerator. Springfield 
liad been designated by the associate judges 
as the place in the afore.said township for 
holding electi(,ns, and at the house of Grif- 
fith Foose. This was the third tnwnsliip or- 
ganized ; its southern boundary line was the 
south boundary of the loth range of the 
town.ship in what is now Clark county. This 
line extended east and west, and is two miles 
north, passing through the city of Spring- 
field. Clark county, along which the national 
road passes. It was the largest township in 
the county; its width from east to west was 
the same as that of the county, and it ex- 
tended to the northern limits of the state. 

At that time. May 10, 1803, the following 
named were residents : 

Adam Allen, Ezekel Arrowsmith, Will- 
iam Aims, Edward Armstnmg, Isaac An- 
derson, Seth .\rnett, Frederick Amljr(jw. 
George Bennett, Henry Bailey, Robert 
Boyce, Paul Butler. George Brown, Joseph 
Barlow, Thomas Burt, James Bishop, John 
Clark. John Crosley, Thomas Cowhick, 
Elijali Chapman, ^\'illiam Chapman, Cor- 
nelius Carter, Elnathan Correy, John Daw- 
son, Thomas Davis, Domnic Donley, John 
Daugherety, Isaac Dickson, Jonathan Don- 
nel, Isaac Dillon, John Denney, Archabald 
Dowden, James Demint, John Doyle, Chris- 
tc)])her Endrick, Xathan Fitch, Gritifitn 
Foose, John Forgey, Daniel Gobel, Aaron 
Gooden, Job Gard, Elisha Habour, Enos 
Holland, John Humphrey, Thimias Hardin, 
William Holmes, Jacobs Huffman, Henry 
Huffman, Joseph Hill. Abraham Inlow. 
John Jackson. Silas Johnston. Jonathan 
Johnston, Simon Kenton, Thomas Kenton, 
William Kenton. Solomon Kelley, Abner 
Kelley. John Kelley, Joseph Kiser, Thomas 
Loury, Robert Loury, Archabald Loury, 
William Layton, Joseph Layton, Robert 
Layton, Joseph LeFaw, George Manford, 
Burrell Mills, Thomas Moore, William 
]\Ioore. Samuel Mitchel. Alexander Miller. 
John Miller. F.dward Mercer. J<.ilin Miihol- 
land, James McPherson, .\dam McPherson. 
John McPherson. James McDonald. Will- 
iam McDonald. Archabald McKinley, James 
McGill, Christopher . McGill, Robert .^I,c- 
Mains, Joseph McKenney, Robert ^iIcKeiir 
ney, Daniel McKennon. William McCul- 
lough, Samuel McCullough, \\"illiam 
Owens, Thomas M. Pendleton, William Pal- 
mer, Eleazier Piper, Daniel Phillips, Will- 
iam Paul. lames Paul. T"hn Paul. Thomas 



Pierce, \\'illiam Powell, David Prunty, Will- 
iam Rhoades, Thomas Redman, Charles 
Rector, Thomas Robertson, Jacob Robert- 
son, Daniel Robertson, Hugh Reid, Joseph 
Reid, John Reid, Jacobs Reid, Thomas Reid, 
John Risdon, Benjamin Ross, William Ross, 
Sr., William Ross, Jr., Felix Rock, Patrick 
Rock, l\obert Renick. Daniel Rector, James 
Rhoetell, Thomas Rosers, Jacobs Sewer, 
Joseph Simons, William Smith, James 
Smith, Thomas Scott, James Scott, Charles 
Stoss. Henry Sturm. Lewis Summers, Jo- 
seph Sutt(in, John Tayl(jr, Sampson Tolbert, 
John Tillis, Sr., John Tillis, Jr., Benjamin 
Turman. Isaac Turman, John Tucker, Rev. 
William Wood, James Wood. Christopher 
WiootI, Joseph Whitlesey, Adam Wise, 
James Ward, William Ward, Hugh Wal- 
lace. William \A'allace, Bazel West, Christo- 
pher Weaver. William Weaver. John Welch, 
John Wirt. 


Bea\ercreek was tiie next largest town- 
ship, and the population of same as ascer- 
tained by Peter Popenoe. assessor of said 
township. May 10. 1 803. of all the free white 
male inhabitants over the age of twenty-one 
years,- was one hundred and fifty-four. It 
c(impriseil the remaining part of the 
county III it included in the three townships 
named; that is, all north of Sugarcreek and 
Ceasarscreek. and all south of ]Mad River 
township. The village •'of Springiield was 
in Beavercreek township, and the old fore?? 
trees that \vere then growing on the site of 
Xenia were in Ceasarscreek township. 

The voting precincts in tliijse townships 
were as follows : In Sugarcreek, the house 
of James Clancey ; in Ceasarscreek, the house 

of William I. Stewart; in ;\Iad River, the 
house of Griifith Foose, and in Beavercreek, 
the house of Peter Borders. The following 
named were then residents of Beavercreek 
townshij) : George Alexander, George Al- 
len, William Allen, John Aken, William 
Aken, GalM-el Bilderhack. Peter Borders, 
William Bull, Sr.. James Bull. Richard Bull, 
John Bull. John Bosher, Gardner Bobo, 
James Benifield, Jesse Bracken, John Bu- 
chanan, James Buchanan. Robert Bogges, 
Elias Bromogen, Jacob Coy, Adam Coy, 
Levi Conley, Abel Crawford. James Carroll, 
John Cottrell, Isaac Crusan, Benjamin De- 
vere, John Driscal, William Downey, Owen 
Davis, Lewis Davis, Robert Frakes, Jona- 
than I""1ikk1, Edward Flood, John Forgy, 
John Freeman, William Freeman, Samuel 
Freeman. Elijah Ferguson, William Fergu- 
son. Zachariah Ferguson, Benjamin Ginn, 
James Galloway, Sr., George Galloway, 
James M. Galloway. Thomas Godfrey, John 
Harner, Jacob Harner. George Harner, 
Michael Hendricks, Andrew Hawker, Abra- 
ham Hanley, Alexander Haughey. David L^ 
Huston, William King, Adam Koogler, 
Jacobs Koogler, Richard Kiser, Peter Kiser, 
John Kiser, Mathew Kavender, George 
Kirkendale. Jacob Kent. Samuel D. Kirk- 
patrick, George Kirkpatrick, William Law, 
Justice Lu'ce. Arthur Layton, Arnest Long- 
streth, Cornelius ]\Iorgan, John Morgan, 
Sr., John ^lorgan, Jr., Isaac ^lorgan, Evan 
Morgan. Christy Miller. John Miller, James 
?i[iller, Frederick Morelander, \\'illiam Max- 
well. William Minnier, Abraham Minnier, 
Edward Mercer. Jonathan ]\Iercer, Harry 
Martin, William McCloud. Charles Mc- 
Guire, William ]\IcClure. John ^IcKaig, 
Daniel IMcMillan. Alexander ]\IcCullough, 
William McFarland, Alexander McCoy, 



Alexander McCoy, Jr., James ]\IcCoy, Dan- 
iel McCoy, John NelsL.n. William Oneal, 
William Orr, John Paul. James Popenoe, 
Peter Popenoe. Sr., Phillip Petro, Nicholas 
Petro. Paul Petro, William Price, William 
Pasel. Nicholas Ouinn, Sr., Nicholas 
Ouinn, Jr.. Mathew Ouinn, James Riddle, 
John Kitenhouse, Garret Rittenhouse, 
\\'illiam Robins, Isaac Rubert, Alex- 
ander Rough, John Rue, Abraham Rue, 
Andrew Reid, \\"illiam Stockwell. Ardrew 
Stewart, Jacob Shingledecker, \\'illiam 
i\Iad River Stephenson, John ^lad River 
Stephenson, James Stevenson, ^^''illiam Ste- 
venson, John Stevenson, Peter Sewel, John 
Shigley, Frederick Shigley, Thomas Simp- 
son. IMichael Spencer, William Smith, Jo- 
seph Smith, Jacob Smith, John Smith, 
James Scott, Christopher Truby, Jacob 
Truby, John Tingley, Silas Taylor, \\'iiliani 
Tavl<:T, Ge<!rge Taylor. Thomas Townsley, 
John Townsley, James Tatman, Joseph Tat- 
man, Charles Williams, Christian Willand, 
Benjamin Whiteman, Andrew Westfall, 
James W'estfall, George ^\'olf, John Webb, 
Henry Whitinger, Henry Ward, Henry 

The above mentioned townships, which, 
as we have seen, occupied much more terri- 
tory than is now comprised by Greene comi- 
ty, were organized l)y tlie associate judges 
of the court of common pleas, and was the 
last act of the aforesaid judges in organiz- 
ing townships for the county. 

The total numlier of \-oters in Greene 
county when first organized : Sugarcreek 
township, 71; Ceasarscreek township, 58: 
Mad River, 156; Beavercreek, 154; total 
vote of the ccnnity. 4,39. 

In the old records of the county, many 
of which hnrl been bidden awav for nearb; 

a century, much of historic interest is 
brought to light, and from them we find 
that John Paul, the founder of Xenia, Ohio, 
was a resident of what is now ( igoo) known 
as Trebines Station, in fact, had settled there 
in the year 1800. and had been the first to 
harness the waters of the Little Miami at 
that point, liaving Iniilt a sawmill, run by 
water power, and that station was then 
known as "Pauls ]\Iill." Tradition says 
while living at that jilace be had learned 
that the permanent seat of justice was to be 
located at the forks of Shawnee creek. PIj 
therefore hied away to Cincinnati and pur- 
chased the land on which the now city of 
Xenia is built. Subsequent events would 
indicate that such was the case. 

August 2, 1803, was the day set for the 
first meeting of the ccurt of common pleas 
for Greene county. On the second day of 
this term (jcneral Joseph C. Vance was ap- 
jxiinted director, with power (according to 
tlie law that had been enacted for such pur- 
poses) to purchase the land for the use of 
said county, and proceed to lay oflf said land 
into lots, streets and alleys under such reg- 
ulations as the C'lurt may prescribe. See 
laws of Ohio, page 309, \'ol. i. Sec. 4, of 
said act. 

From tliis we would infer that previous 
to the meeting of this first court of common 
pleas the commissioners had 1)een appointed, 
and had located the permanent seat of jus- 
tice, had settled all claims of competing 
towns, such as Ceasarsville. Pinkney and 
other places which tradition says wanted to 
be the county town of Greene county, and 
had decided in favor of the forks of Shaw- 
nee creek, tiirec miles fmm the mouth of 
where said creek emptied into the Little 
Miami ri\er. 


\Micn the question is askecl, wlien was 
the present city of Xenia laid out? we know- 
that at this first meeting of the court much 
liad l)cen clnne in that direction, and early 
in tlic fall of 1803 the work was finished. 

James Galloway, Sr., was appointed 
treasurer of said county tlie next day after 
^Ir. \'ance, winch was August 4. 1S03. At 
the Decemijer term of the court, 1803, he 
received $49.25 for his services. He, it is 
said, furnished his own chain men in mak- 
ing the survey, made a plat of the 
ti:\\n, and sold some lots. He had 
also ])urchased tlie land of Colonel 
John I'aul. And to the new made treasurer 
of Cirecne county Mr. \'ance is firmly Ijound 
as director of the new county seat of Greene 

Inasmuch as tliis first Ixnid (the original 
of which is in the hands of the writer), 
the first bond given by any c)fticer in Cireene 
county, is of historic interest we will give 
entire the following true copy: 
Auditors office, Greene county, Aug. 4, 1803. 

Know all by these presents that we, 
Joseph C. Vance. David Huston and Jo- 
seph Wilson, of Greene county, are respect- 
fully held and firmly bnund unto the treas- 
urer of said county and state of Ohio, or his 
successors in office, in the penal sum of fif- 
teen hundred dullars as witness our hands 
and seals, etc. 

The condition of the above mentioned 
obligation is such that if the above mentioned 
Joseph C. \'ance shall well, truly and faith- 
fully discharge all and singular the duties, 
etc., of director for the purchasing of land, 
laying off and selling lots, at the seat of jus- 
tice, for the aforesaid county of Greene, as 
established by the commissioners appointed 
bv the general assembly of the state of Ohio 

for that purpose, agreeable to an act in such 
cases made and provided, the obligation is 
V(;id and of none effect, otherwise it will- 
stand in full force and \irtue. 

Witness our hands and seals, this 4th 
day of August, one thousand eight hundred 
and three. 

Joseph C. \'ance, (seal) 
David Hcstox, (seal) 

Joseph Wilson, (seal) 
Attest, John Paul, C. G. C. 

As we have said, the first court was held 
in the house of Owen Davis, which was five 
and one-half miles west of the present city 
of Xenia, on what is now known as the Har- 
bine farm, in Ikavercreek township. 

The June term, 1804, was the last term 
of court held in the old log house down on 
Beaver. The present site of Xenia having 
been selected as the permanent seat of jus- 
tice, Mr. \\'illiam A. Bealty, from Kentucky, 
was busy in front of our present court hcr,'>e 
cutting the logs to erect the first tavern in 
the new county seat. He had also rented 
the west room up stairs to the county for 
a court room, and it was a race between him 
atid Rev. James Towler which would be the 
first to finish their two-story log- cabins. 
Mr. Frederick Boner was building for 'Mr. 
Towler, on the lot now covered by H. H. 
Eavey's wholesale house. The tavern of 
Mr. Beatty was on the site now covered by 
the Leaman block, opposite the present court 
house. The evidence is in favor of ^Ir. 
Beattv as to who won the race, as his Ijuild- 
ing was finished and opened for business 
October i, 1804. The house was a hewed- 
log. double structure, two stories high, its 
length was from east to west, and width 
frt'ni north to south, and its west end was 
about fortv-five feet east of the southeast 



corner of Main and Detroit streets, on lot 
No. 13. where the Xenia National Bank 
now stands. 

The place that had been selected for tlie 
permanent connty seat of Greene connty was 
at tliis time covered by a dense growth of 
forest trees, as some one beautifully ex- 
pressed it, "The whole country around the 
present city of Xenia Avas one unbroken for- 
est, beneath whose sylvan shades the timid 
deer lay down to rest ; among whose 
branches tlie playful squirrel sported in free- 
dom, the songs of birds made the forests 
redolent with music and was altogether a 
scene of natural lieauty and harmonv pre- 
senting itself to the senses — delightful and 
enchanting. But as if nature could not 
blend in such harmony, the charm is broken, 
the spell dispelled by the dismal howl of the 
\yo\i, i,r the blood-curdling wlioop of the red 
men. "^lid such surroundings our forefa- 
thers hewed a home for themselves and made 
it possible fi.;r us to have tlie beautiful homes 
we have to-day." 

Down in what is now known as Cler- 
mont county, on its southern border near the 
Ohii) river, was a little town by the name 
of Bullskin, named for a small creek of the 
same name. From that place running north 
was a trail passing through Xew Burling- 
ton, thence what is now (1900) known as 
Detrcjit street. Xenia, and terminating at 
Urbana, Ohio. Starting west was another 
trail througli Franklinton, near the present 
city of Columljus. thence west over what is 
now known as Main street, Xenia, intersect- 
ing the Bullskin trail at the northwest cor- 
ner of the public square, thence in the same 
direction t(j what is known as \\'est street. 
Xenia. thence south from that point througli 
Wavnesville. Lebanon and on to Cincinnati. 

On the farm of Paris Peterson, four 
miles southeast of Xenia, had been com- 
menced what was known as the town of 
Ceasarsville, by one Thomas Corneal, as 
early as the year 1800. A court house had 
been built, a public well also near by, and 
scattered here and tliere were cjuite a num- 
ber of log cabins. In the early marriages 
of Greene county many parties were made 
one in tliat building, which had been erected 
for the court house by William I. Stewart, 
Esq. And it is also a fact that Ceasarsville 
was the one place of voting for Ceasarscreek 
township from May 10. 1803, until the or- 
ganization of Xenia township .\ugust 20, 
1805, when, as the record says, the first 
election for Xenia township shall be held in 
the house of \\'illiam A. Beatty, of Xenia. 

Tlie compiler of this has in his iwsses- 
sion the original tally sheet of elections held 
in Ceasarscreek township from the first di- 
\iding tlie county into townships, which was 
done ]\Iay 10, 1803. and from thr.t time un- 
til the organization of Xenia township the 
few pioneers then living at what is now- 
known as Xenia voted at the house of Will- 
iam I. Stewart at Ceasarsville, going out 
the trail now known as the Wilmington 

In making arrangements lo remo\e from 
the old Court house some very valuable old 
papers have been found, which help to tell 
some of the stories of the past. Among 
them one which tells the names of the com- 
missioners that had been appointed Iw the 
legislature to locate the permanent county 
seat of Greene county. They were Ichabod 
B. Helsey, Balden Apsby and \\'illiam Mc- 
Clelland. The same commissioners acted as 
such for ^Montgomery county. 

Step l)y step, as it were, we have sought 



to show the aiithorit)- for every move that 
was taken to i rganize the county of Greene 
"in the beginning." And now we come to 
the time wlicn tlie permanent county seat 
liad been cliosen. an<l will proceed to tell 
how the said county seat came to be called 
"Xenia,"' and by whom named. 

A few months ago the compiler of this 
sketch had the pleasure of meeting at Spring- 
field. Ohio, Mrs. Maria Stone, youngest 
daughter of General Benjamin W'hiteman. 
Although in her ninety-third year, her mind 
was as clear as a perfect sounding bell when 
it came to talking of the long ago. It was 
with pleasure that we sat and listened as 
she gave her rccollectinns of tiie christen- 
ing or gi\ing a name to the new seat of 
justice for the county of Greene, as she said 
she had heard her father tell time and again. 

She rememhereil to have heard him 
speak of the time that he and his father-in- 
law. Owen Davis, antl his good wife, Laticia 
Davis, had receixed an invitation from Jo- 
seph C. Vance, John I'aul. William A. 
Beatty and others, to meet witli them at 
the "cross-roads" (where Main street now 
intersects Detroit), and assist in giving a 
wAwt for the new seat of justice that had 
been selected and laid out by Joseph C. 
Vance. Of course, the invitation was ac- 
cepted, and the (ieneral and his family were 
present that day with other pioneers who 
had been also invited, and there was some- 
what of a crowd. Many names were pro- 
posed :" them were the names of 
^^'ashington, Wayne and Greenville. And 
it is also said that at this time there was a 
stranger, a scholarly-looking man, who 
stepped forward and said : "Gentlemen, 
allow me to suggest a name for your county 
town. In view of the kind and hospitable 

manner in which I have been treated whilst 
a stranger to most of you, allow me to sug- 
gest the name of "Xenia," taken from the 
Greek, and signifying hospitality. 

Th.e name was accepted and placed 
among the names that were about to be bal- 
loted for. Several ballots were taken, and 
at last a tie between Xenia and another name 
which she could not recall. Out of compli- 
ment to Owen Davis, ilrs. Stone's grandfa- 
ther, and who was also the owner of the 
building where the first courts of Greene 
county were held, and also the first miller in 
Beavercreek township, and a few years after 
the first miller in Miami township, near the 
present town of Clifton, Mrs. Davis was al- 
lowed to cast a vote, wliich vote was in 
favor of Xenia. And it is said that the 
stranger, as he started to ride away, after 
hearing the ballot was decided in favor of 
the name he had given, said, "Gentlemen, 
I thank you for deciding in favor of Xenia." 
That stranger was the Rev. Robert Arm- 
strong, who one year later became the pas- 
tor of the Massiescreek and Sugarcreek as- 
sociate congregations of Greene county. 

The objec't of this sketch is facts and 
not tradition. In this version w-e have ample 
proof of the statements made of its correct- 
ness. James E. Galloway, yet living (May, 
1900), says he retnembers to have heard his 
father, Major James Galloway, Jr., speak 
time and again of the circumstance as above 
related. In the records of the court held 
December term, 1803, we find that Rev. Rob- 
ert Armstrong took out license to solemnize 
a marriage. That was about one year pre- 
vious to his coming to settle permanently in 
this county, and while here he was called 
on for the purpose of joining a happy couple, 
and before doing so had to have a license. 



Ill the Cincinnati Commercial, under- 
date of April, 1854, also comes the follow- 
ing from ^liami Uni\ersity, signed "AI.." 
whiclT gives the same story with some slight 
changes. This writer claimed to have been 
a son of one of the early settlers of Xenia : 

"The place contained a few houses, yet 't 
aspired to the dignity of a town, and com- 
missioners, or whosoe\-ers business it was, 
had assembled at the tavern to decide on a 
name: many names were proposed, some 
whiskey drank, and the afternoon spent, hut 
on no name could the}' agree ; the evening 
came and went, and yet they were undecided. 
In the meantime a stranger had put up at 
the tavern, and his manner and dress be- 
spoke one of education : they agreed that 
to him should be left the name for the vil- 
lage. The stranger was informed of their 
decision, and consenting to the arrangement 
promised them a name in the morning. 
Breakfast being over, the name was re- 
C|uested. He gave them "Xenia,' saying it 
was a Greek word meaning 'hospitality,' and 
that he gave it in consideration of his hos- 
pitable reception while a stranger in their 

By an act of the general assembly of the 
state of Ohio, passed February 14, 1804, the 
ofifice of county commissioner was created 
as it stands to-day. Tlie first commissioner 
under this act was elected on the first Mon- 
day in April, 1804. They held their first 
court for the transaction of the business of 
the county in the following June, and at 
that meeting the following record was made : 
"At the liouse of Peter Borders, in Beaver- 
creek township, June. 1S04. Jacob Smith, 
James Snowden and John Sterrett, Gents., 
produced certificates of their being duly 
elected commissioners for the countv of 

Greene, and then there was a court held by 
the board of commissioners for said county, 
and John Paul was appointed clerk of said 
board of commissioners, and said commis- 
sioners cast lots for rank; Jacob Smith 
drew for three years, John Sterrett for two 
years and James Snowden for one year." 


August 20, 1805, James Collier, John 
Sterrett and James ^IcCiiy and others pre- 
sented a petition to the board of commis- 
sioners, at that time in session, for the above 
purpose, and was so ordered as follows : 

It is considered by the board of commis- 
sioners that there shall be one township or- 
ganized out of parts of Ceasarscreek and 
Beavercreek townships. 

All that part of Beavercreek township 
east of the Little Aliami and above the 
mouth of Massies creek, thence with Beaver- 
creek to\\nship, t(i the east corner of Sugar- 
creek township, thence with the Sugarcreek 
line to the mouth of Anderson's fork, 
thence up the main fork of Ceasarscreek 
with the meandcrings thereof to the east 
line of said county; thence north with said 
line to the northeast corner, thence west to 
the Miami, thence down the river to the be- 
ginning, whicli shall be called and known 
by the name of Xenia township. The first 
election shall be held at the house of Will- 
iam A. Beatty in Xenia. Previous to this 
the elections ha\-e been held at the house of 
William I. Stewart, Ceasarscreek township, 
at Ceasarsville, near the present residence of 
Mr. Pad Peterson. 

In the year 1807 Moses Collier was ap- 
pointed to take the enumeration of the white 
males in Xenia township above the age of 



twenty-cne years ; tlie following is the re- 
sult : 

William Aldridge, Littleberry Aklridge, 
John Allen, William Allen, \\'illiam Allen, 
Jr.. Samuel Alexander, Samuel Anderson, 
James Anderson. William Anderson, John 
II. Anderson, John Anderson, Daniel An- 
derson, Jt 'hn Alexander, Mathew Alexander, 
Angelo Adams. F.phram Adams. \\'illiam 
A. Beatty. Bartholomew Berra. William 
Bull, Sr., James Bull, Richard Bull. Thomas 
Bull, John Bull, John Boyd, David Boyd, 
Robert Boggess, Elias Bromagen, Daniel 
Boyle, Jonathan Brown, James Barkley, 
James Bunton. Henry Baldwin, James Bon- 
ner, David S. Bonner, Frederick Bonner, 
Elisha Bales, Jonathan Bales. John D. Bur- 
rel, James Bruce. Samuel Brazelton, James 
Butler. Samuel Bone, William Burnsides, 
George Boblett, Elbranah Bramlete, Henry 
Bray, Samuel Creswell, Walter Creswell, 
\\'illiam Campbell, Daniel Cotrell, Jacob 
Cutler, Benjamin Cutler. James Collier, 
Moses Collier, Joseph Conklin. Andrew 
Cronk, John Chambers, Cornelius Collins, 
Jesse Duncan, Elgin Driskell, Owen Davis, 
John Donnelly, Andrew W. Davison, John 
Dooley, Elijah Embree. Thomas Embree, 
John Ellis, William Ellis. William A. Ellis, 
George D. Edge, William Edge, Michael 
Fullum, John Fries, Josiah Grover, Benja- 
min Grover, James Gowdy, Samuel Gowdy, 
Robert Gowdy, Samuel Gatnble, William 
Gordon, William Gibson, Andrew Gibson, 
John Gregg, John Graham. Joseph Graham, 
Thomas Godfrey, Gray Gary, John Good. 
John Galloway, John Gaddis, Alathew Hil- 
lis. James Hillis, Sampson Hillis, David 
Hillis. John Hillis, Henry Haynes. Benja- 
min Hanes, James Hale, Jacob Helmick, 
Joseph Hamill, Robert Hamill, Enos Hol- 

land. John A. Hoop, Tinsley Heath, James 
Hickman. William Horney, James Haynes, 
Hank Inman, John Irwin, James Junkin, 
William Junkin. William Johnson, Arthur 
Johnson, Reuben Johnson, Philip Jackson, 
Joseph Kyle. Sr., Joseph Kyle, Samuel Kyle, 
William Kendall, David Laughead, Abra- 
ham Larue, Benjamin Lard, James Lyon, 
James Loyd, John Loyd, Samuel Lyon, 
William Lenard. David J^litchell, John 
Mitchell. James Miller, Jacob Miller. Will- 
iam Miller, Horatio Maxey, Bennett Maxey, 
James Morrow, John Milton, John Mattox, 
James Merryfield. John Marshall, W'illiam 
Morgan. John Murgan, Evan Morgan, Isaac 
Maitland, George IMerryman, Richard Men- 
denhall. John Mendenhall, Aaron Menden- 
hall, Charles Moore, W'illiam McFarland, 
John McFarland. John McFarland, Jr.. 
Robert McFarland, Alexander McCoy, Sr., 
David McCoy, Francis McCoy, Robert Mc- 
Coy, James McCoy, John McCoy, Alex- 
ander JMcCoy, Jr., Daniel McMillan, Isaiah 
McDonald. Dempsey McDonald, Levet ^Ic- 
Donald, Wilson McDonald, William Mc- 
Clelland, Adset ■\IcGuire, John McClure, 
Jacob Xisonger, James Neeley, Sr., James 
Xeeley, Jr., ^lichael Peterson, Thomas Per- 
kins, Joseph Porter, John Porter. Samuel 
Picklehimer, William Price, David Price, 
Eli Pendrv, John Paul, Jonathan Paul, 
Henry Phenix, Henry Phillips, John R. 
Robins, Stephen Roper, Alexander Ross, 
Conrad Richards, Arnold Richards, John 
Ruth. William Ruth, Samuel Ruth, Andrew- 
Scott, ]\Ioses Scott, John Stull, William 
Stanton, Jacob Steele, Hezekiah Saunders, 
Calvin Sayer, Thomson Simpson, James 
Small. Michael Spencer, Joseph Spencer, 
John Stevens, James Stevens, John Street, 
Rev. John Sale, Frederick Shigley, John 



Shigley, Juhu Sterritt, Joseph Sterritt, Will- 
iam Stanfield, James Stephenson, William 
Stephenson, Thomas Townsley, Sr., John 
Townsley, Sr., William Townsley, John 
Tucker, Joel Thornliurg, James Towler, 
Isaac Vandeventer, Rememberance Will- 
iams, John ^^'illiams, Jonathan Wallace, 
Jonathan H. ^^'allace, Thomas Whalen, 
James White, William Wade, George Wade, 
William Witty, John Wilson, Joseph Wil- 
son, Stephen Winter, James \\'inter, Jesse 
Watson, Jolin Watson, Arthur \\'atts, Ed- 
ward W'atts. 

At the time Xenia township was organ- 
ized the following were then in office in 
Greene county: John Paul was clerk of 
courts and county recorder: William JNIax- 
well was slieriff : James Galloway, Sr., was 
treasurer of the county : and the county com- 
missioners were Jacob Smith, James Snow- 
den and John McClain: the county surveyor 
was James Galloway, Jr. ; and the associate 
judges were Benjamin \\'hiteman and James 
Barrett, Sr. James Galloway, Sr., acted as 
treasurer of Greene county from the time 
of his appointment in 1H03 until the middle 
of June, 18 19, when he ga\-e way to Ryan 
Gowdy. Jolm Hi\-ling never was treasurer, 
neither was James Popenoe, hut were simi)ly 
tax collectors. They were both sheriffs at 
the time they were said to have been treas- 
urers of the county, and as such were col- 
lectors of taxes. 


Bath township was organized March 3, 
1807. being taken from the territory of Eea- 
vercreek, its sf)Uth line originally, as now, 
running east and west along the north boun- 
■darv of the fifth of sections in the seventh 

range of townships. This line is one miie 
south of the village of Byron, extending 
from the west line of the county eas.t to the 
Little ^liami ri\er. The township included 
all the territory west of the Little Miami 
ri\er beween this line and what was then 
the south line of Champaign county. Bath 
township therefore extended two miles south 
of the present village of Osborn, and it in- 
cluded nearly all of what is now Mad Ri\-er 
and Green townshijis in Clark county, also 
the northwest corner of Madison townslnji 
in the same county. 

The first election in this township was 
at the house of Andrew Reed, April 29, 
1807, for the purpose of electing two justices 
of the ]jeace, which resulted in Andrew 
Reed being selected for the western portion 
of the township and Thomas Fream for the 
eastern portion, but both had quarters at 
what is now the village of Yellow Springs. 

Mr. David Sleeth had been appointed to 
take tlie enumeration of all the free white 
males over the age of twenty-one years, and 
the following are the names of those he 
found in the new township of Bath : Jame.-- 
Andrew. Hugh Andrew, William Anderson, 
John Anderson. John .\dams, Darrow .\ims, 
Zachariah Archer, Samuel Aldridge, John 
Blue. Sr., John Blue. Robert Blue. David 
Blue, John Black, George Brown, Samuel 
Brown, Robert Bell, John Burgess. Samuel 
Butler. Enoch Bots, Richard Bennett. Jacob 
Beall, John Badlcy. James Beck. Oding Bar- 
ton, Thomas Barnes, John Buffanbarger, 
Joshua Bozarth, John Barton, Thomas Bar- 
ton, George Botkins, Adam Chambers, 
James Chambers, Joseph Carpenter. Chris- 
topher Carpenter. John Carpenter. Isaac 
Cruzan, Job Clemens. Jolm Casad. Sr., John 
Casad, Jr., Aaron Casad, Jacob Casad, Sr.. 



Jacob Casad, Jr., Samuel Casad, Abraham 
Classmire. Isaac Clemens. John Crumb. John 
Cromwell. John Galloway, Ezra Clark. John 
Cox, Josiah Carson, Dennis Dunn, Benja- 
min Deveer, Mathew Dinsmore, John Dris- 
call, Robert Davis, Daniel Davis, Robert De- 
wilt, (jeorge Drummond, Abraham Enknv, 
William Emmitt, Robert Flack, Edward 
Flood, Jonathan Flood, Benjamin French, 
John Forgy, James Forgy, Daniel Foley, 
Arthur Forbes, Thomas Fream, William 
Freele, William Forqiveor, Jynas Forqueor, 
George Foulk, John Goldsby, Edward Golds- 
by, William Goldsby, Bridge ^M. Goldsby, 
John Goldsby, Sr., James Grimes, Samuel 
Grimes, John Grimes, W'illiam Gregory, 
James M. Galloway, David Grummen, James 
Grummen, Nimrod Haddix, William Had- 
dix, John Hall, Jacob Hall, Richard Hall, 
William Hamilton, Fredeiick Hosier, Peter 
Hosier, Ezekel Hopping, Jeremiah Hopping, 
Moses Hopping, David Hopping, George 
Harner. Charles Heflley, Samuel Hulie, 
Jacob Harbine, David Humphrey, James 
Johnston, Sr.. James Johnston, Jr., William 
Johnston, Arthur Johnston, George Kerken- 
dale, Adam Koogler, Solomon Kershner, 
Sr., Solomon Kershner. Jr., John Knox, 
Solomon Kelley, A\'illiam Low, John Lee, 
\\'arti;)n Lampton, Justice Luce, Benjamin 
Luce, Elisha Ladley, John Lardee, Jacob M. 
Marshall, George Minral, Jonathan Mercer, 
Robert Mercer. James Miller, Benjamin 
Miller, Martin Miller. James Miller, Sr., 
Christy ^Miller, Aaron ]\Iiller, \Mlliam ]\Iar- 
tin, John ^lartin, William Mears, Daniel 
ALoore. Richard Moore, Sr., Richard Moore. 
Jr.. John Morgan. Charles McGuire. John 
]\IcCullough, \\'illiam McClure, Alathias 
McClure, John McKage, Joseph ]McCord, 
William McKenzie, Joseph McCune, Alex- 

ander McXary, .\le.\ander McHugh, Samuel 
McKenney, John !kIcPherson. John !^IcGil- 
lard, Sr., John ]\IcGillard, jr.. James ]\Ic- 
Dormit, ISIr. McDermond, John Xelson, 
Phillip Petro, Nicholas Petro, Paul Petro, 
William Pasel, Andrew, Reid, Jess Rush, 
Jacob Rush, John Rue. John Rosegrant, 
Jacob Ryan, David Read, Jacob Rudy, 
Henry Sidensticker, Sebastian Shroufe, Sr., 
Sebastian Shroufe, Jr., Christian Shroufe, 
Samuel Stewart, John Stewart, Isaac Stout. 
John Sleeth, David Slceth, John Smith, ]\Ia- 
thias Smith, William Smith, Spencer Smith, 
Thomas Seamore, Samuel Stites, Evers Ste- 
vens, Borxecn Stout, George Shannon, 
Elijah Stibbons, Francis Sipe, William Ste- 
vens, Simon Shover, Samuel Shoup, Jacob 
Stoker, \\'illiam Stoker, Joseph Tatman, 
James Tatman, Peter Taylor, Joseph Taylor, 
Isaac Taylor, David Taylor, Henry Taylor, 
John Templeton, Joseph Tole, Jacob Tru- 
bee, John Trubee, Silas Trobridge, John 
Tingley, Christopher Trubee, Macajey Tole, 
Joseph Wadkins, Richard A\'ise, Zibbee 
Winget. Samuel Winget. Reuben Winget, 
Jacob Wilson, John Wilson. Michael \\"i\- 
son, .Christian Wilson, Valentine Wilson, 
Robert Wolburn, Benjamin ^^'hiteman, 
Ebenezer \\ 'heeler, George Wolf, John 
Wolf, John W(.)lf, Andrew Westfall, Jacob 
Vandevanter, Peter X'andcN-anter, Cornelius 


Miami township was organized on the 
8th day of June, 1808, being taken from 
Bath and Xenia townships. Its northwest 
corner was in the present Mad River town- 
ship. Clark county, in the south line of 
Champaign county, two miles north of the 



present nurtheast corner of Bath townshii). 
From this point the west hne of Miami ex- 
tended south seven miles to the southern line 
of Bath township : thence it extended east to 
the east line of the county. The present 
southern line of Miami is part of the orig- 
inal line. Extend the present southern line 
of Aliami two miles west and then east to 
the east line of the county and we shall havi 
the original line. ]Miami township then in- 
cluded in what is now Greene ctjunty, the 
nijrthern portions of what is now Cedar- 
ville and Ross townships, and in Clark coun- 
ty about one-third of Mad River township, 
all of Greene and one-half of ^^ladison town- 
ship. The first election was held in the 
house of David S. Brodick at Yellow 

The enuiucration was taken by James 
Stewart, lister, of IMiami township, in i8oS, 
and is as follows : John Adams, John Am- 
bler, Jfihii Anderson. William Anderson, 
^^'illiam .\ndrew. William Alban, Thomas 
Barnes, William Berry, John Berry, Thomas 
Barton. John Blue, David S. Brodrick, Owen 
Batman, James Beck, ^^"idow Brad lute. 
Widow Curry, Elizabeth Currie, William 
Cotren, Cornelius Collins, John Calloway, 
\\"idow Dewitt, Owen Davis, Rachel Duffy, 
Robert Davis, Ephram Enlow, AN'illiam 
Edge, Thomas Freeman, Arthur Forbes, 
William Freal, Daniel Foley, Michael Folm, 
John (iarlough, David Garrison, John Gow- 
dy, Mathcw Gibson, Vv'idow Goldsby, Sarah 
Goklsb}', Jiihn Goldsby, George Goldsby, 
Edward Goldsby, John Graham, David 
Hopping. Ezekiel Hopping, Samuel Hulic, 
Da\'iil 1 luniphrcyville, Christopher Hulin- 
ger. Joseph Huston, Jacob Hubble, A\'illiam 
Johnson. John Knox, Elisha Leslie, Justice 
Luse. Christopher Lightfoot, George Logan, 

Daniel ?^lann. ?vlaurice Miller. Benjamin 
Miller. Jacob .Miller, John .Morland, Sr., 
John Morland, Jr., William Morland, W'ill- 
iam M. Martin, James Martin, Robert 
Mitchell, Andrew Alocdie. William hilars, 
John ^McClelland, Alexander IMcCullough, 
Moses Xapp, \\'illiam Passel, Michael Peter- 
son, Alexander Russell, Conrad Richards, 
.Vbraham Runion, John Riley, John Ray, 
John Rosegrant, John Stewart, Samuel 
Stewart, James Stewart, Abraham Stout, 
Isaac Stout. Sebastian Shrouf, Christopher 
Shrouf, Evan Stevens. Francis Sipe, Henry 
Tavlor, George Tavlor, Cornelius \'ande- 
vanter, Isaac ^'andevanter, David Vance, 
John \'ance, John AA'alker, Robert .Wal- 
burn, James Willetts, Ebenezier \\'heeler, 
John \\'iHiams. James Stewart, lister of 
IMiami township in 1809, The above were 
all tax payers at that date. 


Silvercreek township was organized 
]\Iarch 4, 181 1, being taken from Ceasars- 
creek and Xenia townships, the greater part 
from Ceasarscreek. Its southwest corner 
was in the southern line of the county, one 
mile east of the old Ross county line; that 
is sex'en miles west of the southeast corner 
of the county ; thence it extends north eight 
miles, thence east seven miles to the east 
line of the county; thence south with said 
county line to the southeast corner of the 
county ; thence west to the place of begin- 
ning. Its northern limit originally was the 
same as that at present; it included all of 
what is now Jefferson township, and the 
eastern ])art of Spring Valley, about one- 
fourth of the township. The first election 
was held at the house of Noah Strong in 



said township. At the organization of Jas- 
per township, the 9th of June, 1853, a por- 
tion of Silvercreek township was added to 
the aforesaid township, and again on the "th 
day of June, 1858, Jefferson township was 
taken entirely from Silvercreek township. 

Previous to the formation of this town- 
ship there had been an election precinct at 
Bowersville. The petitioners for the new 
township were mostly from that part of the 
township. By the formation of this town- 
ship, Silvercreek was reduced in size one- 
half and to its present boundary. 

In 1813 James Bryan took the enumera- 
tion for taxable purposes, and reported as 
tax payers for the year 1813 : James Bryan, 
Morison Bryan, Herman Browder, Jona- 
than Browder, William Browder, Thomas 
Browder, Daniel Browder, Ezekiel Bes?, 
George Bone, Cornelius Curzen. John Camp^' 
bell, Lemuel Cotrell, Hiram Cottrell, John 
Curry, Lewis Chance, Thomas Chaner, John 
CoiDeland, William Copeland, Edward 
Chaney, David Davis, Andrew Downey, 
Christopher Ellis, Bazel Foster, William ' 
Gilmore, Uriah Hunt, William Hibljen, 
John Hoblet, Stephen Hussey, Ma- 
ry Hussey, Nathan Hussey, Sam- 
uel Johnson, John W. Johnson, jMichid 
M. Johnson, Joseph Johnson, John S. 
Johnson, Christopher Johnson, Moor- 
man Johnson, Jesse Kelsey, Josep-U. Lu- 
cas. Thomas Lenard, Nathaniel Lenard, 
Samuel Lee, Andrew Moorman, Plea.sant 
Moorman, Thomas P. Moorman, Chiles 
Moorman, Macajah C. Moorman. Thomas 
Moorman, Sr., Aaron Mendenhall, Martin 
Mendenhall, Stephen Mendenhall. John 
Myers. Michael Mann, James Medley, John 
Mickle. Mary Mulnick, John Oliver, Eb^n- 
ezer Perry. Thomas Palmer. John Pearson, 

Jacob Rumbaugh, George Rumbaugh, Asher 
Reeves, Malon Stratton, George Shaner, 
Sr., George Shaner, Jr., Adam Shaner, John 
Sheeley, Michael Sheeley, William Saun- 
ders, Noah Strong, George W. Strong,. 
Robert Stewart, James Stewart, Malon 
Suard, William Skates, William Stanberry, 
Hureules Turner, Walter Turner, Levi 
Townsend, Abraham Townsend. Richard 
Thornl)erry, John Watson, Sr., John Wat- 
son, Jr., David Watson, Stephen Williams, 
Joseph Wilson, Sr., Joseph \\'ilson, Jr., 
George Wilson, Edward Warren, Eleanor 
Wood, Phillip Wikle, Abraham Yotmg. 


Ross township .was organized on the 
same day with Silvercreek, March 4, 181 1. 
It was taken entirely from Xenia township, 
and is bounded as follows : Beginning at 
the northwest corner of Silvercreek town- 
ship, it extended north to the south line of 
Miami, a distance of nearly six miles, thence 
east with the Miami line to the east line of 
the county; thence south to the northeast 
corner- of Silvercreek; thence west to the. 
place of beginning. Since its organization 
in 181 1 a portion of Cedarville township has 
been taken from it, and a portion of Miami 
added to it. In form it was originally a 
rectangle, seven miles in length from east 
to west, and nearly six miles in width from 
north to south. The first election was held 
at the house of John Bozarth. 

From the old records of the county we 
find that Wilson McDonald, as lister, took 
the enumeration of taxable property in said 
township May 26, 1813, and from his re- 
turns we gather the following names as to 
who the residents of the township were at 



the aforesaid date : Daniel Burrous, John 
Bozarth. Joshua Bozarth, David Brown. 
John Bergin, Benjamin Bloomer, ^Margaret 
Baal, William Burk. Isaac Bice, John Camp- 
bell, William Campbell. Benjamin Cutler. 
John Cullum, Andrew Cronk, ^lichael 
Casada. Joel Dolby, Andrew Douglas, Ed- 
ward Flood, Sr., Jonathan Flood, Edward 
Flood, Jr., Upton Farmer, Jacob Follis, John 
Ferguson, William Ferguson, William 
Frasier, Mary Farmer, William Farmer, 
Frederick Goodheart, Angeline Gilmore, 
Abel H. Gibson, John Harrow. Samuel 
Herrod, Benjamin Harner, Alexander Irvin, 
Arthur Johnson, David Johnson, Benjamin 
Jo'hnson, Isaac Johnson, Reuben Johnson. 
James Junkin, William Junkin. Phillip Jack- 
son, James \\'hite, John \\'atson, Jr., John 
Watson, Sr., William A\'ilson. Eliza Young, 
Aaron Lambert, John Lambert, Chancey 
Laurence, John Mercer, William Miller, 
^\'iIson McDonald, Reuben McDonald, Rob- 
ert McFarland, Jacob Paullin, Rebecca Paul- 
lin, Alexander Rowen, Robert Ross, James 
Ross, Isaiah Sutton, Ammoriah Sutton, 
John Sutton, James Selby, Boncan Stout, 
Aaron Saunders, Samuel Sheley, David 
Sheley. Monnos Shook, John Shigley, 
Michael Spencer, Sr., Michael Spencer, Jr., 
Francis Spencer, James Stanford, Thomas 
Stanford, Rev. Moses Trader, Samuel Teel. 


At a court held at the court house in 
Xenia. on the 31st day of October, 1812, 
there being present Thomas Hunter, Peter 
Pelham and Benjamin Grover, commission- 
ers, it was ordered that Miami township l)e 
divided as follows : Beginning at the north- 
east corner of section 30, in tifth township 

on the north side of Greene county line, 
thence south with the section line to the 
Miami river, thence to the northwest corner 
of Ross township: thence with said tijwn- 
ship line to Greene, continuing thence with 
said county line to the place of beginning. 
The said new township shall lie called and 
known by the name of X'ance township. It 
was ordered that Samuel Kyle, Esq., do sur- 
vey and lay off \^ance township, agreeable 
to the above order, and make rejxirt thereof 
to the ne.xt court of commissioners. It was 
further ordered that the first meeting of the 
electors in \ance township for the purpose 
of electing township ofificers shall be at the 
house of Adam Peterson in said tow-nship 
on the first ]VIonday of November next. 

On the 2d of January, 1812, Samuel 
Kyle reported as follows: "Pursuant to an 
order from the honorable board of commis- 
sioners of Greene county, I proceeded on the 
31st day of December, 181 2, to survey and 
lay off Vance township as follows, viz. : Be- 
ginning at a stake and white oak northeast 
corner to section No. 30 in township 5 and 
range 8, thence south with the line of this 
section ( crossing a branch at three miles 
and seventeen poles, and the north fork of 
the Little Miami three miles and 143 poles, 
again at three miles and 169 jjoles) f(3ur 
miles and 135 poles to the Little ]\Iiami 
river ; thence south seventeen, east two miles, 
202 poles to three elms and a burr oak, cor- 
ner to Ross township; thence east seven 
miles to three white oaks in the line of 
Greene county, corner also to Ross township, 
thence north (crossing east fork of the Little 
Miami at three miles and 255 poles, and a 
branch at five miles and 129 poles) seven 
miles to a black oak, white oak and hickory, 
corner to Greene countv: thence west 



(crossing a branch at 136 poles, and the 
nortli fork of tlie Little Miami at six miles 
and 19(1 poles) seven miles and 242 poles 
to the beginning.'* 

May 26, 1 813, Jeptha Johnston com- 
pleted the work of taking the enumeration 
of the aforesaid township for taxaljle pur- 
poses, as follows : Charles Arthur, Charles 
Alsop, John Bacock, John Branson, Cieorge 
Buffen'barger, Mathew Bolen, John Briggs, 
Richard Bloxsom, William Brooks, Abra- 
ham Bash, Jacob Bowman, Isaac Cooper, 
Thomas Cooper, Lenard Cane, John Callo- 
way, James Curtis, Robert Davis, Peter De- 
witt, Elisha Dewitt, William Edgar, Michael 
Fallum, Alexander Foster, Daniel Griffin, 
William Gowdy, John Garlough, Sr., John 
Garlnugh, Jr., Prudence Gibson, George 
Hembleman, James Hays, William Harpole, 
George Humphreys, Richard Ivers, Jei)tha 
Johnston, Jacob Knave, Christopher Light- 
foot, Thomas Mills, Lewis Mills, Jacob Mil- 
ler, George Miller, William Marshall, Will- 
iam Moreland, Robert Mitchell, George 
Nagley, Sr., John Nagley, Henry Nagley, 
William Paullin, Ebenezer Paddick, Solo- 
mon Peterson, Adam Peterson, Michael Pe- 
terson, John Pollock, Conrad Richards, John 
Reese, Owen Reese, John Ross, Abner Rob- 
ertson. James Stewart, John T. Stewart, 
Samuel Stewart, Seth Smith, Jdin Stand- 
ley, George Stepleton, Moses Scott, Joseph 
Thornbury Uriah Thornbury, William 
Thompson, Thomas Thornbury, Isaac Van- 
deventer, David Vance, Joseph Vance, John 
Vance, Ephraim Vance, William Vandolah, 
Richard Vickers, Robert Walburn, Merida 
Wade, John Willet, George Weaver, Sr., 
George Weaver, Jr., Johrt Wilson, Anna 
Wilson. Joseph Wilson. John ^^'alter. 


January 25th, 1816. 

This may certify tliat John B. Law- 
rance, of Ross township, Greene coun- 
ty, applied to me for my "Consent" 
to join in matrimony with my 
Daughter Armelia Vickers, of Vance 
Township, County of Greene. I have 
therefore granted the above John B. 
Lawrance, his request, to marry my Daugh- 
ter in a Lawful manner agreeable to an act 
made and found for such cases. Therefore 
you may grant said License for the above 
named purpose, without any doubt of being 
called in question in any further jjeriod. 

Given under my hand and Seal the day 
and year first written in pursuance of its be- 
ing done in Vance Township, Greene Coun- 
ty- Ruth Vickers. 
(Signed) John B. Lawrence, 


Cedars-ille township was organized on 
the 6th day of December, 1850. It was 
taken from the townships of Xenia, Ceasars- 
creek, Ross and Miami; it was the first 
township organized with very irregular 
boundary lines, and therefore created corre- 
sponding irregularity in the boundary lines 
of the townships out of which it was taken. 
This township has been changed but little 
since its first organization. 

In 1848, when an effort was made to 
form the township of Cedarville, some citi- 
zens of Ross objected to the measure, en- 
tering a vigorous protest against it, the 
parties making this protest saying to the 
commissioners: "Our reasons we will fully 



set forth in your presence, only adding here 
that we are not wiUing to have any of our 
township cut off. wliicl: is ah'eady too small, 
to gratify the caprice or spleen of any." 

The commissioners ordered a notice to 
be given in three different public places of an 
election of three trustees, a clerk and a 
treasurer to be held on the 21st day of De- 
cember, 1850, in the town of Cedarville, at 
the house of John W. Walker. 


New Jasper township was organized on 
the 9th day of June, 1853, being taken from 
the townships of Ceasarscreek and Xenia. 


Was organized into a township on the 3d 
day of December, 1856, being taken from 
Sugarcreek, Ceasarscreek and Xenia town- 


Was organized on the 7th day of June, 1858, 
being taken entirely from Silvercreek town- 
ship. Previous to its formation there had 
been an election precinct at Bowersville, 
and the petitioners for the new township 
were mostly from that part. By the forma- 
tion of this, the last township in this coun- 
ty, Silvercreek was reduced in size about 


Jdhn Paul was clerk of the courts of 
Greene county from 1803 to 1808. It is a 
source of regret that more care had not been 
taken to preserve the historv of the early 

pioneers of our county of Greene. Wt have 
the statement in a few words. "John Paul 
donated to the town of Xenia and county of 
Greene the ground for the public buildings," 
and again in answer to the question "Who 
was the founder of Xenia?" the answer is, 
"John Paul sold to the proper persons, who 
had been appointed to receive it, the two 
hundred and fifty-seven and three-fourths 
acres of ground which constituted the orig- 
inal corporation of Xenia." But who was 
John Paul, where did he came from, and 
what became of him? The compiler of this 
sketch had thought there would be no doubt 
but what our honored old townsmen, Thom- 
as P. Townsley, could answer the aforesaid 
questions, but he said he could not. He said 
that when he made up his mind to marry he 
went to Pennsylvania and secured his 
"Paull," and that the founder of Xenia was 
no relation to his wife's people that he was 
aware of. he spelling his name Paul, whilst 
his wife's was Paull. 

We gather the following from the rec- 
ords of Greene county : At the first organ- 
ization of the county John Paul was at that 
time a resident of Beavercreek township, 
and at the first meeting of the associate 
judges at the "house of Peter Borders" for 
the purpose of laying off the county into 
townships John Paul was appointed as clerk 
of courts. In the minutes of said court.' 
which was held on the loth dav uf Mav, 
1803. appears the following: "Jiihn Paul 
was a])])ointed to act as clerk for said cimrt, 
and tnok the oath of office," He continued 
to act as such until December 7. 1808, when 
we find in the minutes of a special court that 
liad been called the following communica- 
tion from Mr. Paul : "To the Commission- 
ers of Greene County: Mr. Josiah Grover 



will attend as clerk at your next meeting, 
and at the end of same you may proceed to 
choose another clerk in my place. Signed, 
John Paul." 

Captain Benoni Nesbitt (now deceased) 
gives us a very interesting story of John 
Paul. He intimates that before the selec- 
tion i)t a permanent site for the cmmtv seat 
had been determined, Mr. Paul was then re- 
siding in a cabin "down on Beaver," and 
while there he learned that the point se- 
lected for the site of the county seat was at 
the fork of Shawnee creek. He forthwith 
closed his cabin, and was away to see the 
parties who were agents for the land that 
would comprise the new county seat, from 
whom he purchased two thousand acres, 
which would take in all, and more, of the 
aforesaid county seat. We find on an ex- 
amination of the records that the story of 
Captain Benoni has some foundation. In 
Vol. I, Records of Deeds, page i6, api>ears 
the following under date of June 7, 1803: 
"Bought of Thomas Richardson and wife 
Elizabeth, of Hanover county, Virginia," 
and goes on to describe the tract. Mr. 
Nesbitt was mistaken in the name of the 
party to the story, calliiiig him Jonathan (see 
history of Greene county, page 425) instead 
of John. "Jonathan Paul entered the land 
that is now called the John B. Lucas farm 
(see Vol. No. i. Deeds, page 542) and 
erected his cabin near where now the home 
of John B. Lucas stands. Jonathan Paul 
bought of Thomas Parker and his wife Sal- 
lie, of Frederick county, Virginia," and the 
deed is dated October 8, 1808. So it can 
readily be seen that John and Jonathan were 
not one and the same person. Jonathan was 
the youngest brother of Colonel John. Mr. 
Paul in his generous gift of the one and one- 

half acres of ground to the town of Xenia 
and county of Greene for public buildings 
was not exorbitant in his price for the bal- 
ance of the land, which he sold to the parties 
representing the new county seat for the 
sum of two hundred and fifty dollars for 
the two hundred and fifty-seven and three- 
fourths acres which constituted the original 
corporation of Xenia. Yet while Mr. Paul 
was liberal, there is evidence to show that 
while he was a good clerk of courts for 
Greene county he was also a man of good 
business qualifications, and had an eye to 
reaping benefits in the future as the new 
town would grow and improve. We have 
evidence to show that he was what is called 
today in the west "a town boomer," and 
that he had much to do in having the county 
seat of Greene county located at this place. 

In a map of Xenia which the compiler 
of this sketch has in his possession a num- 
ber of lots all over the town are marked as 
the property of John Paul. Josiah Grover, 
his agent, was his brother-in-law. 

From the best information that can be 
obtained Mr. Ptul, soon after he resigned 
as icelrk of courts of Greene county, re- 
moved to the present site of the city of 
Madison, Indiana, and became the founder 
of that city. 

Among the records of this county is a 
transcript taken from the courts of Jeffer- 
son county, Indiana, in the year 1816, and 
certified to by John Paul, clerk of courts of 
Jefferson county, Indiana. In comparing 
the hand writing- it is the same as our John 
Paul's, ex-clerk of courts of Greene county. 
In addition to this is evidence taken from 
the Cincinnati Gazette of some correspond- 
ent who had been a former resident of this 
county (and who does not give his name). 



but does give some very interesting pen 
pictures of some of tlie early residents of 
Xenia. Of Mr. Paul he says : "He was the 
original proprietor of Xenia, Ohio, and also 
of Madison, Indiana, and that he was a pio- 
neer from Kentucky. A man of great en- 
terprise, and was for several years the in- 
telligent and active clerk of courts of Greene 
county, Ohio." He was also the father-in- 
law of Governor \\'illiam Hendricks, who 
was an honor to the state in which he lived, 
and tilled the office of a legislator, governor, 
representative and senator in congress with 
ability and rare integrity: and who, with his 
pioneer father-in-law, John Paul, the pro- 
prietor of two flourishing cities in Ohio and 
Indiana, sleeps in death in the cemetery in 
Madison, Indiana. 

Many of the early settlers of Greene 
county followed Mr. Paul to Madison and 
located there and in that vicinity. Major 
George Gordon mcn-ed him to that place in 

In fixing the date when Mr. Paul first 
came to Greene county, Ohio, we quote from 
his family history: "In 1794 he was mar- 
ried to ]^^^ss Sarah Thomberry Grover. sis- 
ter of Josiah Grover, the second clerk of 
courts of Greene county, at Danville, Ken- 
tucky. They had four children, the first 
child, Mary Berry, dying when quite young. 
The next child, ^Ann Parker, was born in 
Kentucky (Hardin county) March 18, 1799. 
John P.. the next child, was born in what 
is now Greene county, Ohio, December 23, 
1800, which is near the time he first came 
and purchased of the United States the land 
known to-day (1900) as 'Trebein's,' three 
miles northwest of the Little Miami river. 
And it was Colonel John Paul who was the 

first to harness the waters of the aforesaid 
ri\er to get power to run his grist and saw- 
mill at that point, and it was then known as 
"PauFs Mill." At the close of the year 1802 
the territorial government was overthrown, 
and the state government established. Ac- 
cordingly representatives were chosen to 
formulate a state constitution, and take steps 
for admission to the union of states. Mr. 
Paul, then living in that part of Hamilton 
county which was soon to be Greene coun- 
ty, was chosen as one of the representatives, 
and helped to formulate the first constitu- 
tion of the state, under which we lived for 
nearly one-half a century. Colonel John 
Paul was also a member of the senate of 
,the first legislature that convened at the 
town of Chillicothe, March i, 1803. He had 
also a near neighbor of his in the house of 
the legislature in the person of William 
Maxwell, who was chosen as one of the 
first associate judges of Greene county." 
This brings his history down to the time 
he was chosen as clerk of courts Mav 10 
1803. ■ ' 

Colonel John Paul was the fourth child 
and second son of Michael Paul and Ann 
Parker, who were married at Germantown, 
Pennsylvania, about the year 175 1 or 1752. 
Michael Paul was a native of Holland. 
The time and place of his birth are un- 
known, as is also the date of his emigration 
to this country, and the fact as to whether 
he came alone or with others of his family. 
However, it is known that he had two broth- 
ers who lived at the same place, German- 
town, Pennsylvania. He left Germantown 
m the year 1766 or 1767 and went to Red 
Stone (Old Fort) now Brownsville, Penn- 
sylvania. From there he went to \\hat is 



now West Virginia, and from there in 1781 
to Hardin county, Kentucky, where he died 
in 1801. 

Ann Parker, wife of Michael Paul, was 
born in Germantown, Pennsylvania, in 1724. 
She belonged to the order of Dunkards. She 
was a cousin to Rev. Samuel Davis, D. D., 
:i noted Presbyterian iireacher of that day, 
and president of one of the early theolog- 
ical schools of Pennsylvania or New Jersey, 
perhaps at Princeton. She died in Hardin 
county, Kentucky, in June. 181 3, at the age 
of eighty-nine. They were the parents of 
seven children, John, the subject of this 
sketch, being the fourth. He was lx>rn in 
Germantown, Pennsylvania, November 12, 
1758. and died June 6, 1830, in Madison, 
Indiana. He went with his father to Browns- 
ville and tij X'irginia, and afterward to Ken- 
tucky. In the year 1778 he went with the 
expedition of Gen. George Roger Clark, in 
the campaign against the Indians in Illinois, 
Indiana and Ohio. The expedition went by 
boats from Louisville, Kentucky, to Kas- 
kaskia, Illinois. When they debarked at Kas- 
kaskia the soldiers had to walk for a good 
distance in water up to the armpits, carry- 
ing their guns and powder horns above their 
heads to keep them dry, before reaching the 
fort. In 1794 he was married to Miss Sa- 
rah Thomberry Grover, at Danville, Ken- 
tucky. She was born in or near Baltimore. 
Maryland. March 21. 1775, and went to 
Kentucky with her parents somewhere in 
the decade of 1780. They had four chil- 
dren, Mary Berry, the oldest, dying when 
quite young. In 1809 Col. Paul left Xenia 
and came to the Indiana territory, landing 
with his family at the point wdiere Madison 
now stands, October 6. 1809. Previous to 
this he had gone to the "Vendue" of public 

lands at Vincennes. where he bought the 
land upon which New Albany now stands. 
Upon' this trip home from that sale he 
stopped at this purchase to fix a home, but 
concluding that it was an unhealthy locality 
he prospected along the river for a more 
liealthv situation. He decided upnn the 
present site of Madison as l>eing the best 
suited to his wishes, and went home to Ohio 
to await the ojjening of the sales at Jeffer- 
sonville, where this land was to i)e sold. 

In the spring of 1809 he went to the 
sale and bought the land, and returned home 
and arranged for the immediate removal of 
his family tn this place, where he aferward 
lived until his death. 

Colonel Paul was a man full of the milk 
of human kindness. His l>enefactions in the 
way of property for public uses are seen all 
along the pathway of his life. In Xenia. 
Ohio, he gave the site for the courthouse. 
In Madison, the ground for the old grave- 
yard, on Third street, the site for Wesley 
chapel, now the opera house. In Ripley 
countv. Indiana, the ground for the grave- 
yard in Versailles, and ground for the 

He was a practical surveyor and a very 
good judge of the (|uality of the land, as 
is proven by the fact that a great many tracts 
of the best land in this county and Ripley 
were bought by him from the United States 
Ciovernment. He was a man endowed by 
nature with all of the elements of a leader 
among men, and he was one. In this day 
and generation he would have been called 
an athlete on account of hisactivity, strength 
and powers of endurance. He was tall, of 
fine. attracti\'e physi(|ue ; he had a C(jmmand- 
ing appearance: kind-hearted: he was gen- 
tle in manner to all, tender to those in dis- 



tress; magnanimous, he was generous to a 
fault, always a friend to the poor and help- 
less, and ready to lift up and help forward 
young men. He was beloved by his friends 
and respected by all who knew him, even by 
his enemies, for like all men of positive char- 
acter, he had them. He was an energetic 
business man, and engaged in farming, mill- 
ing and real estate business. 

He was the first representative in the 
territorial assembly from a part of Clark 
•county, Indiana, and was a member of the 
legislature after that county was organized. 
He was elected a senator from Switzerland 
and Jefferson counties, Indiana, to the first 
legislature of the state, which convened at 
Corydon, Monday, November 4, 1816. He 
Avas called to the chair of the senate as ohair- 
man pro tempore, and was the first presid- 
ing officer of the senate. He was the first 
clerk and recorder of Jefferson county, In- 
diana, which office he held for many years. 

Col. John \'awter, in a letter written in • 
1850, says of Colonel Paul: "He was one 
of George Roger Clarke's men in the expe- 
dition against the British posts at Detroit, 
Michigan, and Kaskaskia, Illinois." He was 
at the capture of Vincennes, February 24, 

At the time he located in this county 
Tiis family consisted of himself, his wife, 
Miss Ruth Grover, who was a niece of his 
wife, and who made her home with them, 
and their three children. The eldest, Ann 
Parker, was born March 18, 1799. in Har- 
din county. Kentucky. John P., who was 
"born in Greene county. Ohio, December 23, 
1800, and Sarah G., who was born March 
21, 1802. in Greene county. Ann Parker 
Avas married May 29, 1816, to William Hen- 
dricks. From this union were born nine 

children. She died September 12, 1887, in 
the eighty-ninth year of her age. John Por- 
ter Paul was a graduate of Washington 
College and became a surveyor. He was 
married to a Miss Eliza Meek. He died in 
Septeml:>er, 1835, in Clark county, Indiana, 
in the thirty-fifth year of his age. Sarah G. 
Paul was married three times. Her firsf hus- 
band was Dr. Robert Cravens, who died 
lea\ing one son, Judge John R. Cravens, of 
Madison, Indiana, who is now deceased. 
Her second husband was Dr. Samuel M. 
(joode, who died leaving one son, now liv- 
ing in Madison, Indiana, and known as Dr. 
Goode. Her third husband was B. C. Ste- 
venson, a Methodist preacher. She died in 
September 14, 1877. Mrs. Paul, the mother 
of the family, died May 8, 1866, in the 
ninety-second year of her age. 



An eventful life of usefulness, filled with 
exciting incidents. He was on; of those 
sturdy old Scotch Presbyterians, and pre- 
vious to emigrating to the Northwestern 
Territory was a resident of Washington 
county, Pennsylvania. A few years after 
the close of the war of the Revolution, he, 
with his family and property, embarked on 
a raft and commenced tiie journey down 
the Ohio. The trip was a dangerous one as 
well may be sup])osed. They were at times 
obliged to dodge the arrows shot at them 
by the wandering Indians, which came spin- 
ning Over the water and fastened themselves 



in the side of tlie boat. They frequently 
would wish themselves back in the old Key- 
stone State, but to return would be as dan- 
gerous as to go ahead, which they did, and 
the southern shore of Kentucky was finally 
reached, and here for a time he resided. The 
war whoop and tomahawk and scalping 
knife were the greetings the savages gave to 
strangers, and the warmtli of their recep- 
tions was hardly such as to lend enchant- 
ment to the whites. The first matter to at- 
tend to on landing was the erection of a block 
house, and here the neighbors met whenever 
there was an attack by the red men, which 
was oftentimes the case. At such times the 
General's family would be enlarged by the 
gathering of his neighbors for refuge and 

In the early spring of 1797 Daniel Wil- 
son (one of the earl}- settlers in what is now 
Sugarcreek township, Greene county, Ohio), 
as he was returning to settle permanently 
on land near the village of Clio, which 
he had pre\iously entered, overtook Joseph 
C. Vance and John Vance in the valley 
south of where Lebanon now stands. They 
were on their way to this locality, and hence 
were the first settlers where now is located 
the town of Bellbrook. Joseph entered tlie 
land extending along the east side of what is 
now Main street, Bellbrook, being part of 
Sections 31, 32 (3.5). He erected a log 
cabin on the site that used to be occupied by 
Willoughby & Davis as a carriage manu- 
factory, on the southeast corner of Main 
and Walnut streets. This was the first 
building that was erected on the site now 
called Bellbrook, and it was built in the year 
1797. It was the building which was to be- 
come historic on account of the use that was 
afterward made of it. This was the build- 

ing that James Clancey a few years after- 
ward purchased of Joseph C. Vance, and 
ran his first tavern — the place whereon the 
organization of the county into townships 
was selected as the place of holding elec- 
tions, and where on the aforesaid occasions 
would assemble the pioneers, from one-half 
mile east of the present village of New Bur- 
lington to the Montgomery county line on 
the west to cast their ballots for the men of 
their choice for the different offices. And 
in that cabin was the place where Rev. Rob- 
ert Armstrong, the pioneer associate preach- 
er, preached the word of life in the fall of 
1804, and on that occasion was for the first 
time sung the beautiful songs of the sweet 
singer of Israel, in that part of Greene coun- 
ty. Among the number on that occasion 
was Gen. Joseph C. Vance and family, John 
Vance, John and James McKnight (cousins 
of the McKnight's that came later) ; Will- 
iam and James Tanner, John Gowdy, Sr., 
and his son, Andrew, who was the father of 
Alexander, who is yet living (1900) on 
West Main street, Xenia; two Snod- 
grasses, two Snowdens (Jacob and James), 
Capt. Robert McClellan, John Torrence, 
John Hutchison, Abraham Van Eaton, 
Capt. Nathan Lamme, James Collier 
and others. In the first organization 
of the county into townships May 10, 
1803, Joseph C. Vance was the first 
clerk of the Sugarcreek township. He was 
also one of the number that was selected to 
sit as a grand juror "on the body of Greene 
county," as the old records express it. Au- 
gust 3, 1803, Joseph C. Vance was appointed 
to survey the county seat, and lay off the 
town of Xenia. This he did the same sea- 
son, and at the December term of the Court 
of Associate Judges received $49.25 for his 



services. He furnished chain men in ma- 
king the survey, made a plat of the town and 
sold some lots. He was selected to act as 
director of said town and served in that ca- 
pacity until Tuesday, August 27, 1805, wlien 
he resigned and William A. Bcatty was ap- 
pointed in liis place. Mr. Vance previous 
to his resignation as director must ha\e ta- 
ken his departure from Xenia, for we find 
that according to our records Chrimpaign 
county was organized February 20, 1805. 
In the history of said county it is said that 
Joseph C. Vance was selected as clerk of 
courts, and was the founder of the city of 
Urbana. His military title was acquired on 
account of services under Gen. George Ro- 
ger Clarke against the combined British and 
Indian forces at the time of the Revolution. 
He lived a useful life, died and was buried 
at Buck Creek churchyard, six miles south- 
east of Urbana, Ohio. His son, Joseph 
Vance, was governor of Ohio from 1836 to 
1838. At the time of his canvass for that 
office some of his boyhood companions in 
Bellbrook, Greene county, remembered 
"Joe," who used to drive an ox cart over the 
Pickney road, when he was a lx)y at home 
on the site of where Bellbrook was after- 
ward built. 



Francis Dunlavey was born near Win- 
chester, Virginia, December 31, 1761. His 
father, Anthoney Dunla\ey, came from Ire- 
land about the year 1745. and afterward 
married Hannah White, sister to Judge Al- 
exander White, of \'irginia. Of this mar- 

riage there were four sons and four daugh- 
ters. Francis was the eldest of the sons. 
About the year 1772 the family removed 
from Winchester to what was supposed to 
be western Virginia, on the west of the Al- 
leghany mountains, and settled near Catfish 
(Washington) in what is now Washington 
county, Pennsylvania. In this frontier set- 
tlement when the Revolutionary war broke 
out there was great exposure, as we have 
already seen, to Indian depredations. The 
men of the new settlements were constantly 
called upon to serve in longer or shorter 
tours of militia duty, which were considered 
essential to the safety of the frontiers. Mr. 
Dunlavey volunteered as a private on the ist 
of October, 1776, under Capt. Isaac Cox; 
his lieutenant was David Steele. His com- 
pany encamped in the woods at Holliday's 
Cove, on the Ohio river. opix>site a large 
island in what is now Brooke county. West 
\'irginia, now known as Brown's island, 
above Steubenville, Ohio, but below the 
mouth of Yellow creek. Here the company 
erected a chain of log cabins, block houses, 
and scouted in pairs up and down the river 
for the distance of twelve miles. This fort 
or station was on the line of defense from 
Fort Pitt to Gravel creek, erected as a pro- 
tection to the border against the Indians. 
Mr. Dunlavey afterward remembered that 
he frequently saw at this post Col. John Gib- 
son, of the Thirteenth Virginia Regiment, 
who supervised the several stations on the 
river. His tour of duty expired on the 20th 
of December, and he was then discharged. 
During the latter part of the service of this 
tour he, with others, was detached and 
sent down the river about twelve miles, 
where Decker's Fort was erected, and where 
a small settlement was protected while the 



inhabitants gathered their corn. In July, 
1777, Mr. Dunlavey served fijurteen days in 
the inihtia at Fort Pitt as a sul)stitute fur 
liis lather, Anthciney Dunlavey, wiio had 
been drafted for a month and had served the 
first half of it. General Hand had just ar- 
rived at the post. unaccomp;inied by any 
troops. Notwithstanding Mr. Dunlavey 
was a militia man. he did duty in garrison 
under officers belonging to the regular army. 
Capt. Harry Heath had command of the 
post upon the arrival of Hand. Col. John 
Gibson and some of his regiment. Thir- 
teenth Virginia, were in the garrison a short 
time. Captains Scott, Bell and Steele, well 
known about Pittsburg before, during and 
after the Revolutionary war, were in Fort 
Pitt at this time. Simon Girty was also 
present, then a subaltern. He seemed wholly 
taken uj) in intercnurse with the Indians, 
many of whom were in and around the fort. 

Mr. Dunlavey volunteered upon the ist 
of March. 1778, for one month's service. 
The rendezvous was at Cox's Station, on 
Peter's creek. Colonels Isaac Cox and Jnhn 
Canon attended to organizing the men; but 
in eight days the militia relinquished their 
arms to some recruits for the regular army, 
who relieved them and they returned home 
to attend to putting in their crops. 

On the 15th of August, 1778, Mr. D'un- 
lavey was again drafted for one month, the 
place of meeting was Pittsburg. He served 
this tour under Lieut. John Springer, the 
troops being attached to the command of 
Captain Ferrol, lately from the seaboard, 
who had a company detached from the 
Thirteenth Virginia Regiment. This body 
of men ranged the woods, visiting the sta- 
tions on the frontier line between Pittsburg 
and Wheeling, and finally relieving a com- 

pany of militia from Hampshire county, 
Virginia, at the latter place, commanded by 
Capt. Daniel Cressap, brother of the cele- 
brated Mike Cressap. Mr. Dunlavey was 
discharged at Pittsburg at the end of the 
month's service. 

About the 5th of October he again en- 
tered the service. He went this time as a 
substitute for Andrew Flood, joining the 
company of Capt. John Crow. His battal- 
ion commander was Capt. Hugh Stevenson ; 
regimental commander. Col. William Craw- 
ford. The army was then under the com- 
mand of Brig.-Gen. Lachlin Mcintosh. Mr. 
Dunlavey afterward reinembered that Col- 
onel Fvans was commander of one of the 
luilitia regiments, and that there were also 
present Col. John Gibson, of the Thirteenth 
Virginia, and Daniel Broadhead, colonel of 
the Eighth Pennsylvania Regiment. It was 
this army that built Fort Mcintosh at the 
mouth of Beaver creek. The army marched 
into the wilderness on the 5th of November, 
crossing the forks of the Muskingum, and 
building Fort Lawrence on the west bank of 
that river. He afterward returned to Fort 
Mcintosh and was discharged on the 20th of 

Mr. Dunlavey was again drafted on the 
25th of August, 1779; the rendezvous, Fort 
Pitt. He was in camp three days at the 
"King's Orchard," on the Allegheny river. 
He then marched up that stream under Colo- 
nel Broadhead as chief ofiicer. Colonel Gib- 
son next in command. His captain was one 
Ellis. In this army were Lieuts. John Har- 
din, of the Thirteenth Virginia, and Samuel 
Brady, of the Eighth Pennsylvania, both 
afterwards famous in Indian warfare. John 
Monteur, a half-blood (son of Andrew 
Monteur, a Frenchman), a man of informa- 



tion and education, but a great savage, ac- 
companied tlie expedition, which consisted 
of about seven liundred whites, inckiding 
some light liorse. and about sixty Indians. 
Proceeding up the east bank of the Alle- 
gheny they crossed the Kiskiminitas, at its 
mouth, and a crooked creek, and came to 
Kittaning, where there was a garrison. The 
anny lay several days at an old Indian town 
on the river about twelve miles above the 
Kittaning. They then marched up the river 
and crossed about fifteen miles below the 
mouth of French creek. They then crossed 
the latter stream and moved toward the Mon- 
sey towns, meeting and defeating a small 
body of Indians, some thirty or forty in 
number. Four or five of the Americans 
were wounded, amone them Jonathan Zane, 
who was acting as pilot to the expedition. 
The Monsey villages were deserted. The 
army lay in the abandoned towns nearly a 
week, destroying several hundred acres of 
growing corn on the banks of the river. On 
their return a young man named John 
Ward was badly injured by a horse falling 
on a rock in a creek. Tliis accident occurred 
in what is now Butler county, Pennsylvania, 
where there is a township and post office 
called Slippery Rock. ]Mr. Dunlavey was 
discharged September 29. 

In the spring of 1 782 Mr. Dunlavey was 
a student in Rev. Thaddeus Dodd's Latin 
and mathematical "log cabin" school at Ten- 
Mile, in Washington county, near Amity. 
He was then considered "a young man of 
superior talent and amiable disposition." He 
did not remain long in this school, for. in 
April of that year, he again volunteered 
against hostile Indians under a call from 
James Marshall, lieutenant of his county. 

Tlie men rendezvoused at Decker's Station, 
or Fort, on the east bank of the Ohio, one 
mile above Cross creek. After a fe\v days 
the men were dismissed, a sufiicient num- 
ber to have undertaken any important move- 
ment not having assembled. He was absent 
from home only ten days. No sooner was 
tiie expedition against Sandusky announced 
than Mr. Dunlavey once more shouldered 
his rifle. By the 15th of May he had re- 
turned to Decker's Station. He soon after 
crossed the Ohio to Mingo Bottom, and. 
upon the organization of the army, was 
made a lieutenant in Capt. Craig Ritchy's 
company. After the return of Mr. Dun- 
lavey from the Sandusky campaign, and as 
soon as the peace of the country permitted, 
he was sent to the Dickenson College. He 
was afterward a student of divinity under 
Rev. James Hoge, of Winchester. Virginia, 
and finally taught a classical school in that 
state, having several pupils who subse- 
quently were distinguished for their talents 
and learning. About the year 1790 he moved 
with his father's family to W'ashington, 
Kentucky, or that neighborhood. In 1792 
he came to Columbia, near Cincinnati, where 
he opened a classical school in connection 
with the late John Reiley. of Butler county, 
Ohio. This school was continued for sev- 
eral years. He afterward moved to Leban- 
on, Warren county. Mr. Dunlavey was 
twice a member of the legislature of the 
Northwestern territory. He afterward 
was elected to the convention that formed 
the first constitution of Ohio. He was a 
member of the first state legislature, and 
was subsequently chosen presiding judge of 
tlie court of common pleas of the first circuit, 
which office he held for fourteen vears. The 



counties of Hamilton, Butler, Montgomery, 
Greene, Warren and Clermont composed 
the first district. 

In the old graveyard at Lebanon, Ohio, 
near the middle of the north boundary line, 
is the grave of this old hero. A modest 
looking monument bears the following in- 
scription : "In memeory of Francis Dun- 
lavey, who died October 6, 1839. aged sev- 
enty-eight years." He was among the first 
white men who entered the territory now 
forming Ohio, was a member of the terri- 
torial legislature and of the convention that 
framed the constitution of Ohio. 


One of Greene county's first associate 
judges died July r. 1852, at his residence 
near Clifton, Ohio, at the age of eighty-four 
years. He was born on the 12th of March, 
1769, in 'Philadelphia, Pennsjdvania ; in 
1782, and when about thirteen years of age, 
he emigrated to Kentucky about seven years 
after the first white settlement had been 
made there by Colonel Daniel Boone, and 
settled near Limestone, or Maysville, as it 
is now called. He was associated with 
Boone in defending the white settlements 
from the ruthless hands of the savages, en- 
listinig and serving as a volunteer in General 
Harmer's campaign, and also in Genera! 
Anthony Wayne's army, after the appoint- 
ment of that gentleman by Washington as 
a successor of General St. Clair to the com- 
mand of the army engaged against the In- 
dians on our western frontier. In the month 
of Jklarch, 1792, he was in a desperate en- 
gagement with a party of Indians, headed by 
the gallant warrior, Tecumseh, in what is 
now Brown county, a few miles above where 

the town of AX'illiamsburg is nciw situated. 
Some horses had been stolen from Mason 
county, Kentucky; a party of men number- 
ing thirty^six, cominanded by that veteran 
Indian fighter, Simon Kenton, started in 
pursuit. General Whiteman being one of the 

On the morning of the second day, after 
crossing the Ohio river, twelve of the men 
gave out and returned, the weather being ex- 
tremely bad. About noon, the same day, 
they came on the Indian camp, and found 
them so numerous that the attack was de- 
frayed until night. They lay concealed un- 
til midnight, when the attack was made in 
three divisions, but the Indians stood their 
ground and returned the fire. The watch 
word of the Kenton men was "Boone," 
which being familiar with the Indians the 
name was shouted on all sides, and the com- 
batants became blended together, as was also 
the watch-word. The night was dark and 
the flashing and roar of the rifles, the yells 
of the savages and the shouts of the attack- 
ing party made the scene awfully appalling. 
The Indians being re-enforced from a neigh- 
boring camp, Kenton ordered retreat, which 
was effected with the loss of but two men. 
The Indians had about one hundred 
men lost, foinrteen killed and seventeen 

In 1793. when about twenty-three, Gen- 
eral \\'hiteman married the daughter of 
OAven Davis, the old miller down on Beaver 
creek, owner of the house of Peter Borders, 
Greene county, Ohio's, first court house, 
with whom he lived for a period of about 
fifty-nine years. The fruits of this marriage 
was a numerous and a very respectable 

In the fall of 1799 he removed with his 



young family to Greene county, Ohio, and 
settled near the mouth of Beavercreek, in 
the vicinity of what is now known as the 
Harbine farm. In this neighburhood he lived 
about five years, and in 1799 he built the 
house in which the first court was held in 
the county. In this connection it will not be 
amiss to introduce the testimony of General 
W'hiteman himself as to when he first set- 
tled in Greene county, and while it will 
throw light on matters that have been set- 
tled, yet from his evidence will show con- 
clusively that errors will sometimes be ac- 
cepted as truth. 

A court of the master commissioner 
( Josiah Grover) was being held at the house 
of Amassa Reid, at old Chillicothe, or Old 
Town, for the purpose of taking depositions 
of some of the oldest pioneers, to be used 
in suits of ejectment against different parties 
then pending in the court of Greene county. 
General Benjamin Whiteman, in answer to 
the question "At what time did you become 
acquainted with the old Chillicothe, on the 
Little Miami river?"- said : "In the month 
of October, 1790. In 1792 I, together with 
a detachment of militia from Kentucky, en- 
camped on that point of land that lies just 
beyond Old Town, between what is now 
known as Massies creek and the Little Miami 
river. It was then ^generally spoken of as 
an island amongst us. and I always believed 
it to be an island until I became a resident 
of this county, in 1799. Alx)ut one year 
after I settled in this county I had occasion 
to go to the falls of the Little Miami, and, 
traveling up Ijetween the Little Miami and 
Massies creek, I found them to be separate 
streams, and as to the island below the 
mouth of Massies creek, at which I have 
since understood Jamison's entry com- 

menced at or called for, I have no knowl- 
edge of nor never heard of such a one until 
several years after I settled in this county. 
I first settled on Beavercreek, about six 
miles from the Old Chillicothe, in what is 
now the bounds of (jreene county, and there 
was no settlement at that time above Davis' 
mill, above Beavercreek, except three fam- 
ilies on the Little ]\Iiami, in the limits of 
what is now Greene county, and the settle- 
ment on what I then lived on Beavercreek, 
and it did not exceed six or eight families." 

The three settlements spoken of above 
were those of James Galloway, Sr., George 
Galloway, cousin of James, Sr., and Robert 
Boggess, the last named near the falls of 
the Little Miami, and the first two spoken 
of were located, James Galloway, Sr., on 
the left of the road across the Little Miami, 
going north, and George Galloway on the 
right opposite what is now (1899) the IMi- 
ami Powder Works. General W'hiteman 
was asked "How often had you passed 
through or near Old Chillicothe?'' and he 
answered, "I passed through that point of 
land three times in three different years, be- 
tween the years 1790 and 1794, once under 
the command of Colonel Edwards, with 
about four hundred volunteers, and twice on 
small scouts." 

General Whiteman resided in Beaver- 
creek township for about five years, and 
there built the house in which the first courts 
were held in the county. In 1805 he re- 
moved to a tract of land which he had pur- 
chased in the vicinity of Clifton, and on the 
spot where his old mansion now stands he 
lived for a period of forty-seven vears. He 
was present at the naming of the new coun- 
ty seat of Greene county, when the forks 
of the Shawnee creek was chosen as a per- 



inaiieiit location, and was one of the tirst 
associate judges of the first court held in the 
county. He was associated with Generals 
Gano, Findley and others in first organizing 
the military system of Ohio, and held a com- 
mission of lieutenant colonel in the militia 
of Greene county in 1805, and was also at 
the time president of the court of inquirj- of 
said count}'. W hen the war hetween this 
country and Great Britain broke out he was 
appointed brigade general of this division, 
and having entered upon the active duties 
of his office he continued to serve his coun- 
try to tlie end of the war. 

After the war closed he retired to his 
country residence, in the vicinity of Clifton, 
where he spent the remainder of his days in 
educating his children, and enjoying the 
sweets of domestic life. He was one of the 
early pioneers- of Greene county, his name 
being associated with the earliest recollec- 
tions of the old settlers. It is incorporated 
with our social, civil and militarv affairs in 
their earliest history. He lived to witness 
the origin, progress and development of our 
county and state from the time she was 
rocked in the cradle of infancy until she 
look her stand as the third state in this great 
confederacy. General Whiteman was both 
a soldier and a patriot, as well as a dignified 
gentleman of honest and high-minded prin- 
ciples, who scorned a mean action, was a 
good citizen, a pleasant neighbor and a kind 

We have the assurance also from the 
testimony of Rev. Moses Russell, to whom 
we are indebted for part of this sketch, that 
among the last acts of his life was a distinct 
avowal of the principles of Christianity, and 
especially the doctrine of justification by 
faith in Christ, and the expression of a hope 

that through his death he might obtain sal- 

How much has been Icjst to Greene coun- 
ty in the death of this grand old pioneer. 
Could his biogra])hy have been written of 
the many facts of local history, which he 
had in reference to the early times and set- 
tlement of this county, it would have made 
a large volume, almost priceless in value. In 
the cemetery at Clifton, Ohio, his body lies 
buried with the simple and modest inscrip- 
tion on his monument, "Benjamin White- 
man, born ^larch 6, 1769; died Julv i, 
1852." Nothing to indicate his record as a 
soldier, or which W(juld lead one to think 
of the biave and daring life that he lived as 
a soldier, the stirring events that have been 
his to share. Ma\- he rest in peace. 


On account of Mr. Maxwell's early 
death, which occurred in the year 1809, and 
his immediate friends and descendants hav- 
ing removed from the county, it has been a 
very difficult task to compile and pay any- 
thing like a just tribute to his worth as a 
bra\e and enterprising pioneer of Greene 
county. The facts that we have been en- 
abled to gather here and there read almost 
like fiction. We learn from the early his- 
tory of Hamilton county that he was a na- 
tive of New Jersey, and not long after the 
organization of said county he came out 
and settled on the site now known as Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. \\'e also find that Mr. Max- 
well had the honor of publishing the first 
newspaper that was published in that city, 
if not the first one that was published north 
of the Ohio river. He came to the front 
in that capacity November 9, 1793, being 



encDurajii'ecl lie set up an office. It was a 
primitive affair, located in a small room in 
a log cabin, which stood on the corner of 
what is now known as Front and Sycamore 
streets, near the river. The settlement at 
that time contained not more than two hun- 
dred souls. His press was brought down 
the river from Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. 
The name of the paper was "The Sentinel 
of the Northwestern Territory." He was 
also the second postmaster of Cincinnati, the 
^'uccessor of Abner Dunn. It was along 
about this time that an event occurred which 
is related by his granddaughter, Mrs. Sarah 
Beath, of Normal, Illinois, who says : "My 
grandmother's (the wife of William Max- 
well) maiden name was Nancy Robins. Her 
father was killed by Indians in Virginia, 
and her mother with two or three children 
escaping to Cincinnati took refuge in the 
block houses there, when the village was 
beseiged by the Indians." Mrs. Beath's 
great-grandmother afterward became the 
wife of Ebenezer Zane, the founder of 
Zanesville, Ohio. And it was under trying 
times, as above stated, that William Max- 
well, ex-representative to the first legisla- 
ture that met at Chillicothe, to formulate 
and enact laws for the new county of Greene 
and state of Ohio, ex-associate judge and ex- 
sheriff of Greene county from Deceml)er 7, 
1803. until 1807, met, won and married 
Nancy Robins. From the old records we 
find that Mr. Maxwell and his little family 
in 1799 removed to the then more northern 
part of Hamilton county to what is now 
known as the Ma.xwell farm situated* in 
Beavercreek township, Greene county, Ohio. 
Many facts which are a mystery are made 
plain by the aid of which we term the "old 
records." Many questions never could have 

been answered had it not been for the light 
from them that is thrown backward down 
the road that leads back to the "long ago." 
For example, when the first legislature con- 
vened at Chillicothe to designate the tem- 
porary county seat for the new made county 
of Greene, how did they know about the 
house of Owen Davis on Beaver creek ? The 
answer to that is, William Maxwell, the sub- 
ject of this sketch, and a member of that 
body at that time, had been living for more 
than five years in sight of the house of Owen 
Davis, or, as it is sometimes called, the house 
of Peter Borders. His land adjoined, and 
in many places was the boundary line, of 
the land then known as the Owen Davis 
farm, now the home of our honored fellow 
citizen, Jacob Harbine. 

Mr. Ma.xwell was also an officer and an 
active worker in helping to establish the 
militia in Greene county. As far back as 
1805 he held the position of major. De- 
ceml)er 7, 1803, having resigned the office 
of associate judge, he was elected sheriff of 
the county in place of Nathan Lamme, who 
had resigned said office on account of his 
large land interests. .Among the old relics 
of Greene county in the way. of historical 
papers are three of the original bonds igiven 
by Mr. Maxwell for faithful performance 
of duty : two of said Ixrnds are for the office 
of sheriff, the other is for the office of col- 
lector of taxes. After Mr. Maxwell's death 
his widow married John White. The chil- 
dren of William Maxwell and wife Nancy 
are as follows : sons, William, John, EJias, 
George, Ludlow, and daughters, Nancy, who 
married John Sayers ; Eliza, who married 
Samuel Owens ; and Levina, who married 
Baker Butler. 

About one and one-half miles southeast 



of the village of Alpha, not far clown the 
Little Aliami river from what is known as 
the "Indian Riffle Bridge," on ascending the 
hill can be seen the stones that were placed 
there by the hands of him of whom we write, 
as the foundation of his spring house. Not 
far from the spring was the first cabin which 
he erected as his home, and not far friim the 
spring on a high point of land is the grave 
of William Maxwell. Sr., but \\here the spot 
is where loving hands laid him to rest in 
1809 none as yet can tell. 


He was a native of the state of Virginia. 
The first notice of Mr. Barrett as a public 
man we find to be that on the 6th day of 
.\pril, 1S03, the two houses oi the first leg- 
islature of Ohio, which had assembled at 
Chillicothe, met in joint cnn\'ention anrl se- 
lected three associate judges for each of the 
then existing and newlv organized counties. 
The gentlemen selected for Greene county 
were Benjamin ^^'hitema^, James Barrett 
and \\"illiam [Ma.xwell. After his appoint- 
ment Mr. Barrett served as such until the 
}ear 1810. He was at this time well up in 
years and the infirmities of age were grow- 
ing u])on him. He first purchased one half 
of a section of land in what was then known 
as Hamilton county, in the early part of the 
year i8oj. This land was in the first entire 
range of townships, and in the second town- 
sb.ip and known as lot Xo. 32 in said town- 
ship on the general map of the ]\Iiami pur- 
chase ; the north part of said section was set 
of¥ to James Barrett. Islv. Barrett's fanfily 
at this time consisted of his wife Elsie and 
four children, two sons, James and Philip, 

and two daughters, Eleanor and Hannah. 
His son James at this time was upwards of 
twenty-one years of age and his brother 
Philip was nineteen. 

The family on first coming to> Ohio in 
iSoo resided in that part of Hamilton coun- 
ty that is now known as Butler county, on 
Dick's creek. In the fall of 1801 Mr. Bar- 
rett started out to select a location for his 
future home, where he and his family could 
go to work and open up a farm of their own. 
He returned and told his boys that he had 
found a place which suited him, and he 
wanted them to go with him and see it. If 
they were as well pleased with it as he was 
he would purchase a half-section, and if thev 
v.ould go with him and settle upon it, it 
should be theirs. The result was the boys 
came with their father to what is now known 
as Greene county, and he purchased the one- 
half section of land in Sugarcreek township, 
r,ow (1900) owned by Mi'. Dinsmore Big- 
ger, Hattie Bigger, Samuel ^^'eller and, I 
think, what is known as the Robert Tate 
farm. April u, 1802, they removed to it 
and commenced making improvements on 
the southeast half of said section, where 
they continued to live in common until Sep- 
tember I, 1808; Philip was married to Miss 
Elizabeth Barnes. Previous to this James, 
the elder son, had married Xancy Mantan. 
September 17, i8oC). Eleanor was the first 
of his children to marry. She married Arm- 
strong McCabe, April 12, 1805, and some 
time later they removed to Vigo county. In- 
diana. At a later date Hannah was mar- 
ried to David Wilson, son of Daniel, and 
tliey also remo\-ed to Montgomery count}-. 
After Philip's marriage he erected his liouse 
on the other part of said one-half section, 
and continued to live there until 1826, when 



he died. Judge James Barrett continued to 
make his liome with his elder son, James, un- 
til May, 1822, when he died leaving his 
wife, Elsie, a widow. Judge Barrett was 
buried on the old farm in one corner of the 
orchard in the rear of what is now the Dins- 
more Bigger farm, and there is nothing to 
mark his grave. Xear by is the grave of 
Nancy, wife of James Barrett, Jr., who died 
May ig, 186^, aged seventy-seven years. 
Her husband, James Barrett, Jr., died in Al- 
len county. His house taking fire, he was 
found dead in the yard. The first half-sec- 
tion of land spoken of in this sketch was 
near Coldrain in Hamilton county, and was 
set ofif in Mr. Barrett's will for Eleanor and 
Hannah, his daughters. In the city of 
Xenia, in the old part, are three streets run- 
ning north and south, from \\'ater (or 
Third) street to Church street, that were 
named in honor of Greene couny's first as- 
sociate judges, James Barrett, William ]\Iax- 
well and Benjamin \\"hiteman. The first 
street east of West street is Barrett, the 
next street east of Barrett is Maxwell and 
the first street east of Detroit is W'hiteman. 
May their names ne\-er l:)e changed is the 
prayer of the compiler of this sketch. 


A good old-fashioned name, and strange- 
ly familiar, can there be any storv connected 
with that lonely grave? Such was the 
tbought that passed through the mind of 
the writer of this sketch as one day he was 
waiting at Harbine's Station on the Xenia 
and DaA'ton branch of the great Panhandle 
railroad for the train for Xenia. ^^'e had 
been conversing about the old pioneers of 
Beavercreek township and old graveyards. 

My companion, V^r. John R. Ridenour, said, 
pointing in the direction of the building that 
was used as the first court liraise of Greene 
county, '"About two hundred yards south of 
that building are two graves that are not 
marked. . I do not know whose graves they 
are, but I have heard that one of them is 
the grave of one of the first settlers in 
Beavercreek township. Init his name I can- 
not recall. " 

Looking at my watch, I found that I had 
one hour to wait, so concluded that I would 
go and investigate. Arriving at the place, 
I saw extending up the south line of the 
Harbine farm a strip of land apjiarently 
twelve feet wide by one hundred feet long, 
which looked as if it might have been used 
as a graveyard. Here and tliere were indi- 
cations that someone had been Ijuried. Xo 
mark — save about the length and width of 
a bod}- — was seen. A hollow or depression 
of earth showed that someone was sleeping 
there, the long sleep of deadi. About the 
middle of this graveyard was the grave of 
our subject, Jacob Smith, and by his side 
that of his wife. Patience Smith. Removing 
the weeds and vines which grew in front of 
the stone, we observed at first sight that he 
was a Mason, on the face of the stone being 
engraved the square and compass, the gavel, 
the ()])en book and irdwel. and the following 
inscrii)tion : In memory of Jacob Smith, 
who died the I2lh of December, 1819, in 
tile sixty-sixth year of his age. For twelve 
years he represented the county of Greene 
in the state senate. He was a useful citizen 
and diefl lamented. His actions were 
squared by justice : he kept his passions 
within compass. Tn him faith, hope and 
charity were united." Patience Smith sur- 
vived her husband till Marcli 23, 1835, when 



she also laid aside life's burden and was laid 
to rest beside her husband. 

Although these were on the margin of 
an open field which had been cultivated from 
time to time, yet from the time that the 
land had become the property of J\lr. Har- 
bine, the graves had been respected. Yet 
there were indications showing by tlie near 
approach of the marks of the plow that it 
had been a great temptation to the different 
tenants to take just one more round from 
the rich earth which had had such a long 
rest. \\'hen the Masonic brethren were told 
of this lonely grave, and whose it was, they 
were not long in making arrangements to 
have the bodies mo\-ed to their own lot in 
our own beautiful W'oodlawn, Xenia, which 
was done October 14, 1898, by the brethren 
of Xenia lodge. Dr. W. GL. Galloway de- 
livered a fine address at Woodlawn on that 
occasion. Never can the writer of this 
sketch forget the morniuig of the above date 
w hen the people began to assemble near the 
spot that will ever be historic on account of 
its being, as it were, the cradle of Greene 
county's judicial history, near the house of 
Peter Borders, the county's first court house. 
They met nut to bury Jacol) Smith, these 
-Masonic Ijretliren, but to remove whatever 
might remain of him to a more suitable place 
for the interment of one who had been of so 
much niite in the county of his choice, and 
which he had so highly honored. X^'early 
eighty years he had been buried and his wife 
si.xty-three. \\'ou]d there be anything re- 
maining of what had been placed there by 
loving hands so long ago? And while the 
cold wind of that early October morning 
came sweeping across the Beavercreek 
prairie, chilling those who were standing 
around and warning them of the near ap- 

proach of winter, the men employed con- 
tniued in silence their work. The remains 
of Mrs. Smith were first found at a depth of 
four feet and si.K inches to the bottom of 
the grave. Those of her illu.strious husband 
were soon after brought to the light at a 
depth of six feet. Tradition says "as was 
the heig-ht of a man so deep should his 
grave be." Nothing remained in either 
grave of coffin or casket, except here and 
there small pieces of wood and a few brass 
buttons from ^Ir. Smith's coat. After the 
remains of Mr. Smith had been carefully 
uncovered they were seen to be complete, a 
])erfect skeleton ; the bones of the hands and 
arms were crossed just lielow the breast, the 
head turned slightly to one side and a small 
p\Tamid of bones at each foot. In remov- 
ing the bones from the grave, of course the 
skeleton was taken apart. It was with pe- 
culiar emotions that the writer held the skull 
of Jacob Smith and gazed into the sightless 
eyes and at the mouth and chin which de- 
noted that he had been a man of strong will 
and great firmness of character. In the "old 
records of the county" is to be found here 
and there the following story of his life in 
part : Jacob Smith was a native of Fred- 
erick county, Virginia. Late in the fall of 
1798 he and his wife. Patience, with their 
family turned their footsteps from their old 
-Virginia home to find a new home in the 
then far west country. In 1800, after hav- 
in.g stopped for about two years at Red 
Stone and "Old Fort" in Pennsylvania, he 
reached the Miami valley and located his 
home in Beavercreek township, Greene coun- 
ty, near the present town of Alpha. There 
he reared a large family. His eldest son, 
John Smith, was a charter member of the 
Nenia lodge (Masonic) and was sheriff of 



Greene county. Oliio, from 1819 to 1824. 
He removed to Springfield, Ohio, where he 
(lied Mav 4, 1S5J. and was Ijuried with 
Masonic honors. The other children of 
Jacoh Smith were: sons, Josiah B., Isaac, 
Seth and Jacob, Jr. His daughters were : 
Rachel, wife of James Collier, one of Xenia's 
pioneers ; Ann, who married Samuel Kyle, 
grandfather of Harvey and Samuel Kyle, 
our fellow townsmen, and he was also the 
great-grandfather of Wilbur O. Maddux, of 
Xenia. wlio is also a Mason ; Elizabeth, who 
married Joel Dolby, the grandfather of the 
Rev. Francis Clemens, who was present the 
day his grandparents were removed; Sarah 
was married to Henry Snyder ; Lydia mar- 
ried Jacob Staley ; Hannah married Rev. 
Edward Flood : Marv married George Tav- 
lor. In all. eleven children reached adult 
age and all were worthy of their illustrious 
father and good mother. 

The ptilitical life of Jacob Smith was an 
interesting one. At the first meeting of the 
court. May 10, 1803, among the number 
present that day was Jacob Smith. In the 
meeting of the court, Decemlier term, 1803, 
we find the names of Jacob Smith and 
others attached to a petition for the laying 
out of a road from Springfield to Yellow 
Springs, thence to Owen Davis' mill to in- 
tersect the Pickney road. Although this was 
not the first road in the county it was the 
first to be established by the legal authoritv 
of the county. The act passed by the gen- 
eral assembly, February 14, 1804, creating 
the ofifice of county commissioner. W'e find 
Jacob Smith one of the first commissioners 
chosen for Greene county. On Octo1:)er 8, 
1805. Jacob Smith was chosen state senator 
at tlie annual election by a handsome ma- 
j(jrity. .Altogether he served Greene and 

Clinton counties as senator nine terms as 
follows: In fourth, fifth, seventh, eighth, 
tenth, ele\'enth, twelfth, fifteenth and si.\- 
teenth general assemblies. The last canvass 
he made for that position was October 13, 
1818. when he was defeated by the Hon. 
William R. Cole, of Clinton county, whn 
was a son-in-law of Josiah Elam, a sol- 
dier of the Revolution. This was about 
one year l>efore his death. He was also the 
owner of the Owen Davis mill, which he 
sold to our old townsman. James A. Scott, 
in 181 5. 


On the early records of Greene count}-, 
Ohio, the first enumeration taken by James 
Collier of the free white male inhaliitants 
over the age of twenty-one years appears 
the names of James and Jacob Snowden. 
Of Jacob little can be learned, but of James 
Sn(j\\den there is much that has been left on 
record. It has been stated by one that he 
was one of the first associate judges of 
Greene county. That is a mistake, he was 
an associate judge, l>ut not one of the first. 
He was one of the first commissioners of 
Greene comity when that ofiice was created, 
and .served until 1808. 

James Snowden settletl first northwest 
of Bellbrook about 1799. He came from 
Xcw Jersey and buili a cabin just n(.)rth of 
the present residence of Henry Harman, be- 
ing southeast of center of section 2 (2.6). 
His lands embraced all of the east part of 
the above section, Ijeing then all the western 
liart of Bellbrook, which he in 1815 sold 
to Stephen Bel! and Henry Updyke. ?Ie 
was appointed associate judge first in 1809, 



and liis associates on the l^encli were Davitl 
Huston and James Barrett. It is said in 
1810 Presiding Judge Hon. Francis Dun- 
lavey and Mr. Snnwden differed somewhat 
in regard to an oalli ; ]\Ir. Snowden refused 
to be sworn, whereujjon the judge ordered 
the sheriff to lock him up. This Slieriff 
Colher refused to do, and thereupon the 
judge liad them l)iith jiut l)eliind tlie "bars" 
for contempt of court. It is said that he 
was very punctual in attending court and had 
an aversion to riding and would walk all 
the way to Xenia and back through the then 
unbroken forest. He was once prevailed 
upon to take a horse, and on starting he 
neglected to mount, but sli])ping the bridle 
rein over his arm he proceeded to walk, 
leading the horse. The judge, no doubt, 
fell into deep cogitations of legal lore, and 
the horse coiicludiug his comjiany more 
ornamental than useful slipped his bridle 
and turned his attention to the more pleasing 
prospect of the then unexplored pastures of 
the ?\liami bottoms. In the meantime the 
judge pursued his way alone, until reaching 
the end of his journey he found the empty 
bridle hanging on his arm. It is said that 
Mr. Smnvdcn after disposing of his land in 
181 5 removed to Indiana, where he died. 
His trips to Xenia on foot are thus graphic- 
ally described by one of the early writers 
of the time, John A. Taylor: "Xow James, 
the son of Jupiter, got him up early in the 
mornings, put a few unleavened cakes in his 
script, grasped his staff and setting his face 
toward the sunrising took up his march for 
the great city of X-Zeninia." These chron- 
icles were at the time published in a paper 
printed in Xenia. and abouufled, it is said, 
with much genuine wit and pleasant humor. 
The paper of which we speak was called 

"The Greene County Gazetteer." and was 
edited by Xathaniel JMcLain. The otiice in 
which it was printed stood on Main street 
not far from the present book store of Mr. 
West. It had a go(jd circulation in this ])art 
of the county, and was carried by a boy on 
horseback. When it was "muster 'day'" in 
Xenia, General Whiteman was there be- 
decked in his glittering regimaitals; and the 
newsboy for some unaccountable reason 
never arrived home until after dark. 


James Galloway was born in Pennsyl- 
vania, May 2, 1750. He emigrated to Ken- 
tucky shortly after the commencement of the 
war of the Revolution and to Ohio in the 
year 1797. settling in Greene couny. al)oul 
five miles north of Xenia, and west of the 
Little Miami river, opposite the present Mi- 
ami Powder Mills. He died August 6, 
1838, at the good old age of eighty-eight 
years, and was buried in the old Massies 
creek church yard, four miles northeast of 
Xenia. He was in the service of the United 
Stales during the I\evolutionary war eight- 
een months in the capacity of hunter for the 
army to procure game. Mr. Galloway is 
said to have possessed many of the traits of 
Daniel Boone. He was also with General 
Roger Clarke in his second expedition 
against the Indians at Old Chillicothe in 
1782. Daniel Boone was also along with 
this expedition and in his narration states: 
"When General Clarke, at the falls of the 
Ohio, heard of it (the defeat of the whites 
at the Blue Licks), he ordered an expedition 
to pursue the savages. We overtook them 
within two miles of their town and we would 



have obtaned a great \ictory had not some 
of them met us wlien about two luuidred 
poles from tlieir cam]3. The savages tied in 
the utmost confusion and disorder and evac- 
uated all their towns. We burned Old Chilli- 
cotlie to ashes, Piqua, Xew Chillicothe. 
Willstown. entirely destroying their corn 
?nd fruits, and spread desolation through 
their country. We took seven prisoners, ten 
scalps and two whites." One time he came 
face to face with that arch traitor to his race, 
Simon Girty, who, observing that Gallowav 
was unarmed, accosted him thus : "Xow, 
Galloway, d — n you, we've got you," and in- 
stantly fired. Galloway received a danger- 
ous wound, and was supposed by Girty to 
have been killed. He, however, wheeled his 
horse and made for camp, a 'inile distant, 
which he reached in safety, but in a fainting 
condition. The ball passed through his 
shoulder and lodged some place near the 
back of his neck. He carried the ball manv 
years and it was extracted by Dr. Josiah 

Mr. GalJDway was first married to Miss 
Rebecca Junkin, in Cumberland count\-. 
Pennsylvania, November 2^,. 1778. and to 
them were given the following children : 
James. Samuel. \\'iiliam. Andrew, Anthonv, 
ar.d two daughters, Rebecca and Ann. An- 
ihnny and Ann were born after he came to 
Ohio. His first wife dying, he afterward 
married ]\Iiss Tamar Wilson, April 13, 
1817. Of this later marriage there was no 
issue. He was honored bv bis fellow pio- 
neers to an office of trust in the county, that 
of county treasurer, wliich he continued to 
fill fr(jm the first organization of the county 
in 1803 until the middle iif June, i8iy. when 
he g'lve way to Mr. I^tyan Gowdy. In the 
year 1810 he erected the old stone house 

that used to be on the hillside near the 
powder mills, and which many yet living 
remember to have seen. He was a man of 
deep religious convictions, and those convic- 
tions he carried out in life by doing acts 
of kindness to his neighbors and in work- 
uig f(jr the good of humanity. To him is 
the psalm singing portion of the communit}' 
under obligation for his untiring efiforts in 
bringing first to this county the Rev. Rob- 
ert Armstrong and other preachers of that 
faith, and making his home theirs. During 
his long and useful life he was ever ready 
to help those deserving of help. 


The granting of licenses for keeping 
ta\-ern and selling merchandise was still 
retained as duty of the associate 
judges, and at the first court of asso- 
ciate judges held in Xenia on the 15th 
day of Xo\'ember, 1804, four tavern li- 
censes were granted, one to A\'illiam A. 
Beatty for keeping a ta\-ern in the town of 
Xenia, "for one year from the first day of 
October last past, on his paying eight dol- 
lars and fees." This was the first tavern in 
Xenia. and seems to have been opened on 
the 1st day of October, 1804. This house 
was a hewed-log, double structure, tw^i 
stories high. It stood on the south side of 
Main street, very nearly opixisite the middle 
point of the pulilic square. The length was 
from east to west, and width from north to 
south, and its west end was about forty-five 
feet east of the southeast corner of Main and 
Detroit streets, where the Xenia Xational 
Bank now (190Q) stands. This building 
was nut iinlv a dwelling house and tavern, 



but it was also Greene county's second place 
of holding- court. Courts were held in it 
from the 15th of Xovember, 1S04, till the 
completion of the first court house proper 
on the 4th day of August, 1809. The court 
was held in the west mom of the second 
story. August 20. 1805. Xenia township 
was organized, and the first election for 
Xenia township and the town was held at 
the house of William A. Beatty. Previous 
to this Xenia was in L'aesarscreek township 
and the few voters then in the town voted 
at Caesarsville, which was located near the 
home of the late Paris Peterson, southeast 
of Xenia. The first court was held in this 
building X'ovembcr 15, 1804. and continued 
to be used as such until the completion of 
the building that had been commenced by 
Mr. William Kendall in 1806, and wcis com- 
pleted August 14, 1809. 

jNIr. Beatty was also director of the town 
of Xenia, being the successor of General 
Joseph C. \'ance, who removed to Cham- 
paign county in 1S05. at the organization 
of said county, and continued to act as sucli 
until 18 1 7, at v.-hich time lie removed ti.: 
Brownstuwn, Jackson county. Indiana. He 
died intestate and insolvent in Xovember, 
182 1, leaving, at the time of his death, his 
widow, Jane Beatty, who afterward married 
Robert Holmes, a resident of Scott county, 
Kentucky, also the following children, to- 
wit : John A., who died without issue; 
James F. ; \\'illiam S. : Josiah G. : Samuel 
M. ; ]\Iarv L. : and Francis. Josiah and 
James F. remained in Xenia for some years. 
The balance of the famiy went to Kentucky 
after the marriage of their mother to Mr. 
Holmes. William A. Beatty came from 
Georgetown', Kentucky, to Xenia, Ohio, 
some time in the summer of 1803. 


Xo name is perhaps of more historic in- 
terest than that of Owen Davis. In the early 
settlement of Greene county came men who 
had the courage and hardihood to face dan- 
ger and even death, if need be, that this 
garden spot of the state that we now call 
Greene county might be reclaimed from its 
wild and primitive state in its condition as 
a wilderness and be made to bloom and blos- 
som as a rose. They came, they saw, and 
as a result of their courage and persever- 
ance we see the forest has disappeared and 
in its jjlace we belli ild waving fields of grain, 
beautiful homes, towns grown into cities, 
with the sounds of industry on every hand, 
where used to be the solitary path of the 
Indian. We now liehold roads, pikes, rail- 
roads and electric car lines leading from 
cities to towns and hamlets, and the surface 
of the earth that less than one hundred 
years ago was a wilderness, the habitation 
of wild animals, and a more savage race of 
]>eople, now traversed by a net work of im- 
pro\'enients, onlv excelled l.iy that which we 
can see at night in the starry firmament 
above, which God, the creator of all, has 
placed there for our admiration and wonder. 

Before the organization of the county 
came Owen Davis, and settled in what is 
now known as Beavercreek township. The 
earliest date that we find of the Davis family 
(those from W'ales, who were related to the 
subject of this sketch) we find in Mr. John 
F. Edgar's '"Pioneer life in Dayton and vi- 
cinity from 1796 to 1840." It is an able 
and interesting work of the pioneers of that 
section. On page 22 he says : "During the 
winter of 1795 and 1796 forty-six men 



agreed to settle in Dayton. In the spring 
of 1796, wlien the time came to start, only 
nineteen responded, and they set out in three 
sections, two overland and one by water. 
On March 21, 1796, the party in which was 
the Davis family started overland and were 
about two weeks on the road. Thomas 
Davis, the senior member of the family, was 
a native of Wales. He was in the Revolu- 
tionary war. was taken prisoner and was ex- 
changed at Philadelphia. He settled near 
the bluffs two miles south of Dayton, where 
he died in the fall of 1803, and Hannah 
Davis, his widdw, was appointed to settle 
his estate. This Thomas Davis was a 
brother of Owen Davis, the old miller, who 
came later in the fall of 1799 and settled in 
Beavercreek township, Greene county. 
Owen Davis had married Letitia Phillips, 
and had but two children, a son, Lewis, who 
never married, a short sketch of whom will 
be found in tliis l:)ook, and a daughter, Cath- 
erine, who was the wife of General Benja- 
min Whiteman. They were married in 
Limestone (or Maysville), Kentucky, in 
1793. Mr. Whiteman at tliat time being 
twenty-three years of age. Thomas Davis 
had a son. 0\\en Davis, named after his 
brother Owen, who was married ^larch 16, 
1809. to ^liss Jane Henderson, by Rev. 
Joshua Carman, who was a Baptist preach- 
er and lived in Sugarcreek township, Greene 
county. Tliis Owen Davis was the grand- 
father of Mrs. Fredrick Beaver and ifrs. 
Stillwell. of Dayton, and James Popenoe, 
senior's, first wife, who died in i8jo, was 
also of this branch of the family. After 
the coming of Mr. Davis and his son-in-law, 
Benjamin Whiteman, in J 799, it was not 
long uiuil he had his historic mill erected on 
I>ca\cr creek, and it is said that this mill 

drew custom from a radius of thirty miles, 
and we know that the members of the Dutch 
Station in ^liami county brought their corn 
here through the woods, camping out at 
night. Mr. Davis is spoken of by them as 
having been a genial, accommndating man. 
often remaining up all night to oblige them. 
This mill was finished in the winter of 1799. 
Two block houses were built a little east of 
the mill with the intention, should danger 
necessitate, to connect by a Wy.e of i)ickets 
so as to include the mill. Mr. Davis often 
started his mill on the Sabbath and ground 
corn for the customers who had come a long 
distance. To this some of his extremely re- 
ligious neighbors protested, even threaten- 
ing him with prosecution. Mr. Davis re- 
plied that as soon as steps were taken in this 
direction they would gcj without their meal 
and fiour. This argument proved effective 
and the subject was dropped. The build- 
ing known as the house of Peter Borders. 
where the first courts of Greene county were 
held, was erected by his son-in-law. Mr. 
Whiteman, a short distance south of the mill 
and about one hundred from the south line 
of what is now known as the Harbine farm, 
and about two hundred yards east of Beaver 
creek. A little to the northeast of this 
building was a small ten by twelve house. 
which was in the time of holding court used 
as a jury room. About two hundred yards 
northeast of the old court house stood the 
block house, which on the 19th day of Au- 
gust. 1803, was made use of for a jail, the 
first institution for that ])urpose in the coun- 
ty. Owen Davis and his son-in-law. General 
Benjamin Whiteman. in the year 1805 dis- 
posed of their property in Beavercreeic town- 
ship and removed to Miami township, where 
thcv spent the balance of their da\s. Mr. 



Davis had not more than settled in his new 
home, the present site of the town of Chi- 
ton, Ohio, until he commenced to erect the 
first mill in Miami township, the stone foun- 
dation of which ( 1900) can be seen near 
the sawmill east of the present Clifton mill. 
Previous to his removing from Beavercreek 
townshi]) he had suld his mill propertv to 
Jacob Smith, who in 1815 sold the same to 
our old townsman, James A. Scott, and his 
brother John. Owen Davis was a soldier of 
the Revi'lution ;uid a fearless Indian lis;ht- 
er, and at a meeting of the first court of 
common pleas proper, August 2, 1803, we 
find that he jileads guilty to a charge of 
assault, and is duly fined eight dollars for 
the same. The cause of the fight was Air. 
Davis had charged a man from Warren 
county of stealing hogs. After the fight he 
went into the court room and addressing 
his illustrious son-in-law. General Benjamin 
Whiteman. who was one of the associate 
judges, .said: "Well, Ben, Tve v>hi])ped that 
hog thief; what's the damage?" and farther 
added, shaking his fist at the judge, "Yes, 
Ben. if you'd steal a hog. I'd whip you, 

In enumerating the early settlers of Mi- 
ami township. Greene county, the name of 
Owen Davis should not be forgotten. In the 
old historic graveyard'. Clifton, Ohio, not 
far from the north line and near the middle 
of said graveyard, is the grave of Owen 
Davis, who was a native of Wales, and was 
born October 13, 1751. and died at his Imme 
near Clifton. Ohio, t'ebruary 18, 1818, aged 
sixty-six years, four months and five days. 
And by his side his wife, I.etitia Phillips 
Dax'is. who died September 8. 1824. in the 
:seventv-hfth vear of her age. 


The first, trace of the Grover family, the 
ancestors of Josiah Grover. clerk of courts 
from 1808 till 1829, was when Josiah and 
Benjamin (irover had settled and were liv- 
ing near Plarper's Ferry. Virginia. The for- 
mer was the father of Josiah and Benjamin 
Grover, who in the year 1804 came and set- 
tled in Xenia. Their parents had emigrated 
to the state of Kentucky and had located 
near nan\'ille. 

Josiah Gro\-er, Sr.. married Aliss Mary 
Anderson about the year 1720, and to them 
were given five chidren, two daughter and 
three sons. The eldest of these was Sarah 
T., who married Colonel John Paul, the 
founder of Xenia, Ohio, and Madison, In- 
diana (a sketch of whom appears in this 
book). The second, a daughter. Jemima, 
who married a Mv. Mockley. The third, 
a son, Josiah. who married Martha Mc- 
Clure. And in adilition to these were two 
sons, Benjamin and .\braham. Benjamin 
came to Xenia with his brother J(_)siah. and 
was a useful man in the new town. On the 
lot now owned bv Mrs. James Kvle (mother 
of Charles Kyle. Escp j. he erected the first 
school house of logs in 1805, and was the 
first to teach school in Xenia. He afterward 
served the county as commissioner in 1813 
and 1814. Josiah Grover, the third child 
and first son ofjosiah and Mary Anderson 
Grover, was born near Baltimore. Maryland, 
in 1 770. Josiah Grover and his wife, 
Martha McClure Grover, had given to them 
eight cliildren : Abraham, who married 
Miss Dunham: John Paul, who married 
Miss Juliet Beall : James Liggett, who mar- 
ried Miss Nancy Ann. youngest daughter 



of Hon. John Alexander, and who also was 
the successor in office to his father as clerk 
of courts of Greene county, Ohio, for seven 
years, and was a minister of the gospel in 
the Methodist Episcopal church,' where he 
was a man of note and loved by all. He 
was for years the efficient lil)rarian of the 
state library at Columbus from 1872 until 
the day before his death, which occurred 
l\Iay 5, 1897, at the age of ninety-one years. 
He was born in Xenia, Decemljer u, 1806. 
His youth and early manhood were spent 
in Xenia ; at the age of eig-hteen he had 
graduated from the Xenia Academy. The 
fourth child was a daughter, Sarah Paul, 
who was born in Xenia in 18 10 and died at 
X'ew Albany in 1873, aged sixty-three years. 
She married George H. Harrison, who was 
a native of Harrisonburg, Virginia, and who 
was born in February, 1809, died at Xew 
Albany in 1854. He is said to have been a 
teacher of rare ability. He was for some 
years a resident of Xenia, as his son, James 
G., was born here September 29, 1834, and 
they removed to X^w Albany in 1839. The 
fifth child was a son, Oliver Hazard Perrv. 
who was killed in the Mexican war. The 
sixth child, a son, Benjamin Whiteman, 
married Letitia Sheets. The seventh and 
eighth sons were twins, Xelson Ira and 
Reade Ellis. 

Josiah Grover is sometimes mentioned as 
Judge Grover. The reason for that was, 
under the old constitution of the state, the 
clerk of courts had all the work to do whicii 
the probate judge has to do to-day under 
the new constitution. In addition to the 
work of clerk of courts he was count\' re- 
corder, master commissioner, that is held 
court at different points to take depositions, 
etc. And he was also one of the associate 

judges for the years 1806, 1807 and 1808. 
The old Josiah Grover home is yet (^1900) 
still standing, the house now occupied by 
Coleman Heaton. Mr. Grover removed 
from Xenia to Aladison, Indiana, in 1830, 
to the city on the Ohio river which his hon- 
oretl brother-in-law, John Paul, had found- 
ed. On the hilltop near Malison is resting 
all that is mortal of this illustrious man and 
his loving helpmate, and by his side Colonel 
John Paul, the founder of the two cities, 
Xenia, Ohio, and Madison, Indiana. 

remi;mbr.\xce willi.vm.s a soldier of 
the revoh-tiox .\nd first set- 
tler xe.\r xenia. 

Rememlirance Williams was born near 
the Potomac river, Harrison county, \'ir- 
ginia. He was a soldier of the Revolution, 
and was with Washington during that dis- 
tressing winter at Valley Forge. After the 
close of the war in 1790, he, together with 
his family, emigrated to Kentucky, settling 
a few miles back of Louisville, in Xelson 
county, where he continued to reside until 
the year 1800, when he removed to Ohio, 
crossing- the Ohio river at the mouth of 
Licking river, and from that point came 
direct to what is now Xenia, and entered a 
section of land, what is now known as the 
Silas Roberts' farm, and near what is called 
the middle spring he built his cabin. That 
was three years before Xenia was surveyed 
and laid out as a town. In the fall of 1803, 
when Joseph C. Vance came to survey and 
lay off the new county seat for Greene cotm- 
ty, part of the niiith line of the new town 
was the south line of the land of this old 
pioneer. His family at this time consisted 
of his wife, Eleanor, and sons John, Remem- 



brance, Garrett, Jesse and Robert. They 
had but two daughters, Margaret, who mar- 
ried Thomas Branliam, and Hannah, who 
married Sidion JNlericreif. In 1814 he re- 
moved with his family, with the exception 
of his eldest son, John, tO' Jefferson county, 
Indiana, and settled near Dupont. He had 
disposed of part of his land in Greene coun- 
ty, previous to removing, some to his son 
John, R}-an Gowdy, Samuel Gamble, and in 
1817 he sold the remaining two hundred 
and sixty-nine acres to David Connelly. His 
son Rememljrance, Jr., and Jesse later re- 
turned to Ohio and settled near Mechanics- 
burg, Champaign county. Remembrance 
\Villiams, Sr., died on his farm in Indiana 
l^ebruary 2, 1843. J'^'^ii ^^ ihiams, liis eld- 
est son, was born in Virginia, April 4, 1783, 
and died in Xenia, Ohio, April 6, 1826. He 
was the father of the following children: 
Alary, who was married to Samuel Gano ; 
Eleanor, wife of David Medsker : Cass- 
andra; Catlierine, wife nf Wilson B. Mc- 
Cann ; Margaret, wife of James AlcCarty ; 
Elizabeth, wife of \\'illiam B. Fairchild. 
The last named is the only one now ( 1900) 
living. Four sons of the old pinneer were 
soldiers in the war of 1812, namely: John, 
Remembrance'. Garrett and Robert. 


His first visit to the present site of Xenia 
was in the year 1799. when he was one of 
a number of daring explorers and Indian 
hgliters from Kentucky who paid this part 
of the country a visit and passed over the 
ground where Xenia is now located. ]\Ir. 
Popenoe, with his l^rother, Peter, came to 
Greene county to locate permanently some 
time previous to 1803 and settled in Beaver- 

creek townsliip. His brother Peter took the 
fij'st enumeration of all free white males 
over the age of twenty-one in 1803. Peter 
settled in what is now Clark county and 
afterward removed to the state of Missouri 
in 1806, and was killed by the Indians. 

James Popenoe's political life was an in- 
teresting one. The first elective office w hich 
he held was that of coroner of Greene coun- 
ty, he being the first to occupy that posi- 
tion, which was in the year 1805. He was 
also a soldier in the war of 18 12 under Gen- 
eral' Harrison. In the year 1815 he was 
elected sheriff of Greene county, being the 
successor of Ca])tain John Ilivling, which 
office he filled with acceptance until 18 19, 
when he gave way to John Smith, son of 
Jacob, Smith, who had bought of Owen 
Davis the first mill that was built in the 
county, and who was also owner of the 
house of Peter Borders, where the first 
courts of Greene county were held. While 
he was acting as sheriff' in 1816 Mr.- Pope- 
noe built the well known home of Hon. R. 
F. Howard, which was located on Main 
street, lot Xo. 19, and which place, April 
2, 183 1, he sold and conveyed to Dr. Joseph 
Templeton. That house was the birthplace 
of many of his cliildren, and is yet, in 1900, 
standing and in gnod condition. In the 
years 18 19 and 1820 Mr. Popenoe repre- 
sented Greene county in the Ohio legislature 
(in the house). In the year 1824 he was 
again elected sheriff' of the county and con- 
tinued to act as such until 1829. when he 
gave over the office to James A. Scott. It 
is said in history that Captain John Hivling 
and Mr. Popenoe were treasurers of the 
county. That is a mistake. The sheriff 
ofttimes acted as collector of taxes, for 
which he received a percentage in addition 



to liis pay as sheriff, and that fact must 
have missed tlie compiler. 

Mr. Poi)enoe reiinived to Centerville in 
1830. Peter, his eldest son, removed to 
Lawrence, Kansas, where many of his de- 
scendants are yet living. James Popenoe, 
Jr., is yet living at Centerville. Ohio, a hale, 
hearty, old man, aged eighty-two. And 
still another son, \\'illis Parkison Popenoe, 
resides at Topeka, Kansas, a,ged eiglity- 
seven, who was born in the house before 

Mr. Popenoe in addition to other prop- 
erty owned what was called the "Indian 
Riffle farm." west of Xenia on the Little 
iliami. He was born August 20, 1777. and 
died at his home near Centerville, Mont- 
gomery ci^unty, Ohio. August 19. 1848, and 
is buried in the old graveyard near that 


In the history of Jefferson county. In- 
diana, is found th.e following history of 
Lewis Davis, which says that "he was one 
of the original proprietors of the town of 
Madisnn, Indiana; was a man of middle 
age when he met John Paul at the sale of 
lands at Jeft"ersonville in the spring of 1809. 
Where he was born or where he died is not 
known. Pie left Madison some time in 1812 
or 181 3 and went to Xenia. Ohio, lo reside. 
Afterward he resided in Cincinnati, Ohio. 
In 1817 he was there, as- is found by a deed 
conveying his entire remaining interest of 
lands in ]^Iadison, Indiana, to Lewis White- 
man. bearing date of X'ovember 24, 1817. 
On October 8. 1813. Davis had sold one- 

half of his interest in Madison to 'Sh. Jacob 
Burnett, of Cincinnati, he then being a resi- 
dent of Greene county, Ohio."' 

From the history of Greene county, 
Ohio, and old records we gather the follow- 
ing about Miami township:. Lewis Davis 
was perhaps the first settler in this town- 
ship, as he came in the early days of this 
century. While at Dayton, then a small 
hamlet, he met an Indian just arrived from 
the Yellow Springs, by whom he was in- 
formed of the extraordinary natural advant- 
ages in its immediate \icinity. The sa\age 
further explained to him that the springs 
were located near a branch of the Little Mi- 
ami river. Accompanied by a friend, he fol- 
lowed the instructions gi\-en by his dusky 
infortuant, and upon the discovery of the 
springs went to Cincinnati and entered tlie 
land. He was frequently engaged in sur- 
ve}'ing land, accumulated consiilerable prop- 
erty, and was considered an upright and 
enterprising citizen. L'n fortunately he fcil 
a prey to the wiles of King Alcohol and was 
completely ruined thereby. He finally re- 
moved to Bellfontaine, Ohio, wliere he ended 
his days. His last resting place is thus de- 
scribed by one who discovered it accident- 
ally: "On the left hand side of the state 
road, six miles west of Pellfontaine in an 
open forest, in a sandy knoll surrounded 
by a rail enclosure and covered by an oval 
shaped liowlder perhaps six feet in diameter ; 
beneath this stone reposes all that remains 
of Lewis Davis, unhonored. unwept and un- 
known." For years he had lived the life of 
a pauper, and when he saw the grim vision 
of death approaching he expressed a desire 
that this s]X)t should be his last resting 
place. He was the only son of Owen Davis, 
the old miller on Beaver. 




Rev. James Towler was born in Prince 
Edward county. \'irginia. April i8, 1768, 
and died on his farm nortliwest of Xenia. 
July I). 1836, aged si.xty-eight years. .\ 
pinneer in tlie wilderness, he l)uilt the second 
hiiUse that was erected in Xenia, what was 
known as the old Cruiubaugh house, where 
now stands the wholesale grocery of Eavey 
& Company. Fredrick liimner doing the 
carpenter work for the same in the fall of 
1804. At the recent centennial of the set- 
tlement of Greene county held in Xenia in 
J 897 there were tools that had belonged to 
Frederick Bonner. Sr., on exhibition as rel- 
ics, and some of them he had used in finish- 
ing this house. The records of the counl\- 
show that James Towler. of Petersburg. Vir- 
gnia. bought of John Cole, of Dinwiddie 
county. \'irginia. three thousand acres of 
land situated on the waters of Shaw- 
nee creek, and at his coming to Greene 
county soon after he purchased of Jo- 
seph C. Vance lot Xo. 39, on which 
the aforesaid house was built. Mr. Tow- 
ler was an earnest Methodist, and in the 
early records of the First Methodist Epis- 
co])al church, Xenia. his name appears 
as a member of the official Ixjard of said 
church. He afterward connected himself 
with what was known as the Radical or 
Protestant church. He was a preacher in 
that denomination, and used to go among 
the Indians, and at one time brought a 
couple of Indian boys home with him to 
h.ave diem educated. They remained in 
Xenia for some time, forming many ac- 
([uaintances. and then returned to their 
tribes. Mr. Towler donated to the Radical 

church a strip of land for a graveyard, sit- 
uated near the present residence of Norman 
Tiffan\-. and nearly two hundred of the resi- 
dents of Xenia were Inirietl here. 

He was the first postmaster of Xenia, 
Ohio. The following is a copy of a letter was written bv Mr. Towler to an east- 
ern friend and is in the iiossession of Mr. 
Ira C. Harper, of Allegheny. Pennsylvania. 
A copy was procured by ]\Ir. Warren K. 
Moorehead. our youn,g friend, who is search- 
ing around for all sorts of antiquities. ]Mr. 
Towler was at that time postmaster of 
Xenia : 

"Xexia, Ohio, May 8, 1809. 

"This town is the seat of justice of 
Greene county. It was laid out in the fall 
of 1803 by Joseph C. Vance, and contains 
at this time twenty-eight families and one 
htmdreil and fifty souls, a court house of 
brick, forty feet square, with a cupola. The 
town is washed by Shawnee creek, a branch 
of the Little ]\Iiami ri\-er, from whose mouth 
we are three miles, and fifty-five miles from 
Chillicothe. In the county are nine grist 
mills, nine sawmills, one fulling mill and one 
nail factorv. Xe\-er failing and excellent 
springs are numerous. The Yellow Springs, 
^\hich are deemed a natural curiosity, are 
nine miles north of this place. It takes its 
name from a vellow or pale red sedimenr, 
which it emits from the water, and of which 
a large bank in found below the spring, over 
which the water has a fall of seventy feet 
into a hollow. It is believed the spring af- 
fords a sufficiency of water to turn a grist 
mill the year round, and is said to be im- 
pregnated with copper, copperas and iron. 
It is considerably visited during the sum- 
mer season, and afTords relief for sore eyes, 
rheumatism, etc. It is diuretic, and the sedi- 



ment when ground in oil. paints as well as 
Spanish brown. The falls of the Little Mi- 
ami (which is about three miles distant, 
falls over a rock twelve feet perpendicular, 
and the whole distance, two hundred feet) 
are of considerable importance to this coun- 
ty. There are remains of artificial walls, 
and mounds, in several parts of the county. 

"Our trade is chiefly in hogs and cattle, 
which are purchased by drovers for the east- 
ern markets and Detroit. There are two 
stores in the town, which I consider a great 
•evil, as they keq> our neighborhood drained 
of cash. We have e.xtensive prairies. 
Wolves have been bad on our sheep. Corn, 
wheat and rye are our principal crops. The 
soil is generally good and pretty equall}- di- 
vided into upland and bottom. The settlers 
are principalh- frcmi I'cnnsyhania, Xew 
Jersey, Virginia and Kentucky. Religion, 
Methodist, Seceders and Baptist. The 
county is twenty miles long, twenty miles 
broad, and is about one hundred and ten 
miles from Lake Erie." 

In connection with what has been said 
by Mr. Towler, of Xenia and Greene coun- 
ty at that date (1809) we will add yet an- 
other testimony, that of John Mills. His 
father, Jacob, was one of the first to settle 
near what is now called Greene county, 
whose coming was in the year 1796. The 
land he first entered was over the line in 
\\'arren county. He came from Kentucky 
with John \\'ilson, and his sons, Amos, 
Daniel and George, where they located as a 
colony. \n the subsequent division into 
states and counties the purchase was found 
to be in the southwest corner of Greene 
<:ounty, near Clio, or Ferry, as it is now 
(1899) called, while the purchase of Daniel 
fell into Montgomery, and Jacob Mills' into 

^^'arren county. And yet they worked to- 
gether, assisting one another in providing 
themselves homes. In 1809 Jacob ^lills 
came with his family from \\'arren county 
to near where Clifton is now located in Mi- 
ami township, Greene county, bringing with 
him his three sons-, John, Daniel and Thom- 
as. History is silent in regard to his part- 
ing with his old friends, John Wilson and 
his sons, and why he had left that part of 
the state where lie had spent s<ime thirteen 
years of pioneer life. And yet the distance 
was not so great but what they could visit 
one another. We find that shortly after the 
coming of Jacob ?klills to Miami township in 
1809 a singing school had been organized 
in Xenia, and the teacher of said school was 
David \\'ilson, oldest son of Daniel Wilson, 
their old neighbor, and it was no wonder John Mills, then a lad of fifteen, wanted 
to go; for three reasons, first, to see his okl 
playmate, David ; second, to see the Xenia 
girls: and lastly, to see the ti-iwn. which was 
])retty much of a town at that time, with its 
about thirty log cabins and a brand new court 
house. The singing school was to be held 
in that new court house, and as John wanted 
to go he went. .\nd we are very glad that 
he did, for it is to him that we are under 
obligations for furnishing us a descriptif)n 
of Xenia as he saw it in the year 1809. He 
must have had a splendid time. Young- 
folks in this age think that they have good 
times, not more so than they, — don't know 
whether John took his best girl along or not, 
but we will let him tell his nwn story. Ho 
says : 

"The singing school was held in the new 
court house, and the girls came with their 
beau.x on horseback, dressed in linsev. and a 
few of the elite appeared in calico, then the 



extreme of fashion, aspired to by a few. 
And the boys arrived there all right, for the 
girls who had acted as guards of honor 
(rear guards) would not let them fall off. 
'Oh blessed days' when horses, were made 
that would carr\- double."' John said that 
they had a grand time and returned home 
o\-er about Clifton with enlarged views of 
life and creation generally. Years after- 
ward, at his home in Jamestown, Ohio, 
Jiihn, then a stead}- (ild man, gives us 
from memory his recollections of the long 
ago. He says : "During the winter of 
this same year, 1809. while in Xenia, 
I saw a man selling cider at tweh'e and 
one-half cents a quart, in front of the 
court house. A large stump was stand- 
ing in the street, by the side of which 
he had a lire, in which he heated several rods 
of iron, and when he would make a sale he 
would hold the iron rod in the cider to bring 
il to a drinkable temperature." He states 
also at that time all houses in Xenia were 
built of l<-)gs, except one frame dwelling that 
stood where now is located the grocerv of 
Harner & Wolf, the property of James Gow- 
dy. and the brick courthouse. In front of 
v.hat used to be the Second National Bank, 
on the southwest corner of Greene street, 
fronting on Main, was a stag'nant pool of 
water, a general rendezvous for geese, ducks 
and hogs. Opposite the courthouse was a 
two-story hewed log house kept by !vlaj. 
William A. Beatty as a tavern. On East 
Main street, on the present site of Trinity 
church. Henry Barnes, Sr., had built a log- 
cabin in the woods. 

In ciMitrast v.ith the price that dry goods 
are now selling for, and what they cost then, 
young men of this age are favored. 'Sir. 
Mills savs the material of which his wed- 

ding shirt was made cost a dollar a yard; 
same material can be bought to-day for six 
or eight cents per yard. The highest price 
paid for labor then was fr(jm fifty to seven- 
ty-five cents per day, and scarce at that, 
while every species of merchandise was 
from ten to twentyfold higher than at pres- 
ent. Salt hauled from Cincinnati was (four 
barrels by a four-horse team) four dollars 
per bushel. 


In February. 1845, James Gowdy (then 
sixty-eight years of age), beng solicited In- 
some of his children, gave the following 
account of his ancestry, and contemporary 
connections : "My progenitors on my fa- 
ther's side were Welsh and Irish. They 
emigrated from Ireland in A. D. 1707. and 
settled in the states of Delaware and Penn- 
sylvania. My grandfather's Christian name 
was James. He had four children wlm 
Hved to maturity, viz. : Adam, who died 
young and single: John (my father) ; Rob- 
ert and Jane. My father was born on the 
fifth day of November, 1742, in N^ew Castle 
county, Delaware, and removed, with some 
others of the family, into Pennsylvania, 
about 1760, where he married Abigail, the 
youngest daughter of John Ryan, about 
1772, with whom he lived about fort}--two 
years, and liad eleven children, six sons and 
five daughters, all of whom li\-ed to marry 
and raise families, except Mary, who was 
born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, 
on the 13th of April, 1775, and died in 
Greene county, Ohio, the cjth day of June, 
18 1 2. James w-as born in Lancaster, Penn- 
sylvania, on the 20th day of ^lay. 1777: 
Samuel, born 9th of January, A. D. 1780; 



jRobert. burn on the 4tli of April. 1782 : .Mar- 
tha. Ixirn on tlie 27th of January, 1785, mar- 
ried John jii'ily. and h;id one son, James; 
Jane, born on the 31st of May, 1787; John, 
born u\\ the 3d of August. 1789; .\lexander, 
born on the 2d of April. 1792; Ryan, born 
on the 3d day of February, 1795; Abigail, 
born on the I7tli of July. 1797; Sarah, born 
on the 6th of March, 1803. This in brief 
is the beginning of the large connection of 
that name, coming to Greene county. Ohio, 
in icSo;." 


James Cio\\d_\', the subject uf this sketch. 
eldest son of John and Abigail Gowdy. was 
born in Lancaster county. Penns_\lvania. ijii 
the 20th day of May,. 1777. and died at his 
home, in Xenia, Ohio, December 24, 1853, 
aged seventy-six years, and is buried in the 
old Associate Reformed graveyard. East 
Third street. The first trace that we find of 
Mr. Gowdy as a merchant, is when he en- 
tered into partnership with his brother, 
Samuel, in the mercantile anil cabinet busi- 
ness in the fall of 1802 at Mt. Sterling, 
Montgomery county, Kentucky. The brotli- 
ers carried on the above business on a 
moderate scale there for three years to 
some advantage, having the post office 
to keep part of the time. In the fall of 
1805 James took part of the goods and re- 
moved to Xenia. Ohio. His brother. Samuel, 
having closed their business in June. 1800, 
nl-o with the balance of their stock. 
•lia. They also had their younger 
III i.-.^r. Ryan, to assist them in their wi rk 
ill the stcre. he then being a small boy. 
I hev were the first merchants who made a 

permanent stand with store goods in Xenia. 
They continued in business as partners with 
mutual satisfaction for five or six years, and 
increased their store capital and gained some 
real estate in town, anil land in the country, 
until the spring or summer of 18 14, when 
they dissolved partnership by mutual con- 
sent, and each of them ran stores of their 
own for five or six years, when Samuel sold 
his store and settled on a tract of woodland 
near the town. James Gowd}- continued in 
the business, with the aid of hs younger 
brother. Ryan, and an apprentice, John Ew- 
ing. who was related to his first wife. When 
Ryan became of age, he left the store and a 
second apprentice was taken, William Per- 
kins. Mr. Gowdy had several partners from 
time to time. John S. Perkins was also one 
of ]Mr. Gowdy's apprentices. John R. Gow- 
dy (eldest son of Samuel) was taken in as a 
member of the firm on the 5th of July. 1833, 
which ijartnership continued until near the 
time of his death, in ]\Iarch, 1834. Then 
Alexander G. Zimmerman and John A. 
Gowdy (son of Robert) were taken into 
partnership under the firm name of Gowdy. 
Ewing & Company and continued until the 
12th of August, 1836, when John A. Gowdy 
settled with the firm and moved to Illinois. 
The above firm continued until the 19th 
of July. 1838. when Janies Gowdy, Sr., sold 
out his interest in the firm to John Ewing 
and Alexander Zimmerman, and took the 
firm's share in a branch store which they 
had established in Jamestown, Ohio, about 
eighteen months before, in which store John 
McBride had an interest of one-half. James 
Gowdy attended the store. During the above 
time of thirty-six years in the mercantile 
business, he had reason to be thankful that 
he had had no serious misfortune in busi- 



ness, excepting some considerable losses sus- 
tained by crediting- persons who became in- 
solvent, or proved dishonest. During this 
time he purchased several lots in Xenia, and 
his father's farm, two and one-half miles 
west of town, and a small farm between the 
two last mentioned places, and put up some 
valuable buildings in town, and some cheap- 
er ones which he rented at a moderate price. 
Mr. Gowdy was a loser by his Jamestown 
store, and it was discontinued in 1844. Al- 
together he was in the dry goods business 
for forty-four years. He had married Jo- 
anna, daughter of Thomas and Sarah Town- 
sley, January 27, 1814, with whom he lived 
three and one-half years until her decease 
and that of their only child, a daughter, 
which took place on the 25th of July, 1817. 
His wife was then twenty-eight years old. 
He married a second time, November 11, 
1819, ]Miss Sarah Brown, who resided at 
the time in Clark county, Ohio. She was 
the daughter of John and Margaret Brown, 
late of Xorthuml)erland county, Pennsyh'a- 
nia, where she was born and reared, and 
with whom she Ii\'ed nine years or more, un- 
til the time of her death, ^March 6, 1829, at 
the age of forty years. She was the mother 
of his children, six sons and one daugh- 
ter, viz. : John Brown, James Ryan, George 
W'., Abigail Joanna, Samuel Philander and 
his twin brother, not named. He was mar- 
ried the third time, on the 23d day of April, 
1832, at Mansfield, Ohio, to ]\Iiss Jane Pur- 
dy, daughter of Patrick and Jane Purdy, of 
Richland county, Ohio. They lived a mar- 
ried li^e eleven years until her death on the 
24th of July, 1843, aged fifty-one years. Of 
this marriage there were no children. 

In the war of 1812 he was a soldier in 
the company of Capt. Daniel Reeder. He 

was also treasurer c^f the Greene Count\- 
Bible Society for o\'er thirty years, and dur- 
ing all that time his laljor was untiring and 
valuable. For twenty-three years he was 
treasurer of the Greene County Coloniza- 
ii(.)n Si ciety, and his zeal in that cause was 
ardent. He had been a member of the As- 
sociate Reformed church since its or- 
ganization, and contributed of his means to 
the erectii.n nf three successive buildings for 
that church. hi all the benevolent enter- 
prises of the day for the relief of the suf- 
fering and the goo-d of his felK.iw men, or 
the spread of the gospel. Air. Gowdy cnuld 
be relied upon. 

And, nijw. in concluding this sketch of 
this old pioneer father, listen to his own 
words : "On a review of my past life, what 
shall I say, but that goodness and mercy has 
followed me all my life long? If 1 should 
Count the instances, thev are more than can 
be numbered by me. Upon the whole re- 
view of my eventful life, I have much rea- 
son to set up mv Ebenezer, saying: 'Hith- 
erto hath the Lord helped me.' and trust 
that He will not leave me wnen I am old 
and gray-headed grown, till to this age His 
strength and power to all to come, I have 

RY.\N Gownv. 

He was born in ]\Iercer countv. Ken- 
tucky, on the 3d of February, 1795, and 
died near Francona, June 6, 1863, aged 
sixty-eight years. He came to Xenia, Ohio, 
with his brother, Samuel, in the spring of 
1806. His eldest brother, James Gowdy, 
had come to Xenia the year previous, and 
had established himself in the mercantile 
business near the corner of what is now- 
known as Greene and Main streets. He had 



purcliased lot Xo. 34. and had his caljin 
store opened and ready tor trade. Young; 
Ryan, tlien a lad of eleven years, accepted a 
clerkship in his brother's store, and there 
continued until he was of age, when he com- 
menced l)usiness for himself. He made his 
mark in improving Xenia. In 1827 he built 
that large and substantial brick house on 
the southwest corner of Main and Detroit 
streets, known as the "Xunnemaker corner," 
(present site of the ".\llen building)."' His 
next move was to the northwest corner of 
Detroit and Market streets (present site of 
the Reformed church), where he opened a 
store and made more improvements. Sulv 
sequently he purchased a large brick house 
on Main street, opposite the courthouse (the 
same buiding that was burned on the night 
of the 3d of August. 1845. and in which 
two young men, James Kenney and William 
Steele were murdered). Here, in partner- 
ship with his brother. Col. John Gowdy, he 
opened another store. A few years later 
he went to Missouri, but did not remain 
long in that state. Returning to Xenia he 
opened a grocery and provision store on the 
northeast corner of Main and \\'hiteman 
streets (present site nf William Hannon's 
grocery). In 1833 he was elected commis- 
sioner of Greene county, and on the 4th of 
July, 1836, he met with the board for the 
last time. While he was a member of the 
board a costly and for those days a \ery su- 
perior county jail, was erected, a little back 
of the northeast corner of the public square. 
It was also mainly through his efforts and 
influence that a large two-story brick market 
house on the north side of the public square 
was built. He was also in the years 1819 
and 1820 treasurer of Greeaie countv. In 
i8-iS ' ;^ ■• --nd up his business in Xenia. 

sold out, and the ne.xt year \\ent to Califor- 
nia by the overland route, and from thence 
to Oregon, a flyinig trip, but soon returned 
to San Francisco. He was unfortunate in 
the land of gold. In a letter he wrote in 
1 85 1, he said he had traveled hundreds of 
miles in California, and could find nothing 
which he could do. He returned in 1852. 
Though a business man of early training 
and mature experience, he preferred teach- 
irig school, and became a successful instruc- 
tor. In this j)ursuit he was so successful 
that he never lacked for employment. He 
had been teaching in Richland county some 
three years previous to his death. He was 
taken ill of typhoid fe\er. During his sick- 
ness of five days he was conscious to tlie 
last, expressed a desire to see his brothers, 
naming one of them. His last words in de- 
clining to take medicine, were: "Xo use; 
it would not do any good.'' Of his pros- 
pects in another state of existence he was 
entirely reticent. In his younger days with- 
out being foppish he went generally elegantly ■ 
dressed, the ''glass of fashion and the mould 
of form."' He had some eccentricities, was 
versatile, fluent in conversaton, of ready wit. 
original and mirth-inspiring humor, and 
when he chose, of pungent sarcasm. He had 
transacted much business, traveled far, gone 
through many ups and downs in his jour- 
ney through life, and was well versed in the 
knowledge of human nature. After life's 
fitful fever he sleepeth well. 


In the first enun"',en';tion of Caesars- 
creek township, taken in 1803. appears the 
name of John Heaton. From the old records 
we find that his place of nativitv was Vir- 


ginia ; that prcnious to his coming to Ohio 
he married Sarali, daughter of Jolm War- 
den ; lie had also purchased in Caesars- 
creek township eighty acres of land. Some 
time i,n the year 1823 he died, and was bur- 
ied in the "Old Mercer graveyard," about 
four miles south of Xenia, on the Bullskin 
pike. He left his widow, Sarah Heaton, 
with the following children: three sons 
and six tlaughters, namely : Ebenezer, John 
and Joseph Heaton; Elizabeth (Heaton) 
Millarfl, Sarah (Heaton) Worrel, Lydia 
(Heaton) Eaton, Phebe (Heaton) Elam, 
Parmclia (Heaton) Rogers, Hannah (Hea- 
ton) Peterson. His will was recorded May, 
1823, in Book E, page 70. 

His wife was later buried at his side in 
the "Mercer graveyard." These are the 
ancestors of the Heaton family, in Greene 


James Collier was born in Rockbridge 
county, Virginia, ou the 4th day of January, 
1774. and died in Xenia, Ohio. April 17, 
1S51, aged seventy-seven years. In 1786 
his family emigrated from Virginia, their 
destination being Kentucky, but on account 
of his mother's health, they stopped on the 
River Holstan, in what is now East TeiT- 
nessee, and there remained until the follow- 
ing summer, when the journey was resumed 
until they reached their destination in Ken- 
lucky, some eighteen miles north of Crab 
Orchard. Here he passed his early youth 
and manhood on the frontiers of what has 
been so aptly called the "dark and bloody 
ground,"" among a people who, for enter- 
prise, hardihood and self-reliance and true 
heroism of character, have never been sur- 
passed in the annals of the human family. 

It was a nursery that produced soldiers and 
men equal to the days of chivalry. 


In 1794, being twenty years of age, he 
served as a spy in the Xich-a-jack campaign. 
He was with Col. William Whiiley, who had 
organized in Lincoln county, Kentucky, 
some six hundred brave Kentuckians. Mr. 
Collier"s place as a spy was in advance of 
the army that was advancing against the 
Chikamongas Indians while General Wayne, 
with a well appointed and disciplined army 
from Ohio, was marching to join them. 
The result of Wayne's victory, at the Mau- 
mc'e Rapids, in Ohio, is so well known that 
it is needless to repeat. But it is a fact of 
local history that it is well worth preserving 
that he who is the subject of this sketch and 
whose body is now laid to rest in our own 
beautiful Woodland, was also there two 
years later, March 13, 1796. 


At Holes Station, in Montgomery coun- 
ty, Ohio, on the nth of April, 1796, Amos 
Wilson raised his log cabin, the first ever 
erected for the residence of a white settler 
within the present limits of Greene county, 
and soon after he assisted to raise the third 
house built in the same neighborhood. This 
is conclusive evidence that our old pioneer 
friend and fdlow townsman of Xenia was 
well acquainted with John Wilson and his 
boys, and his coming into Greene county 
was at the time the Wilsons first settled 

These houses or cabins were erected 
near the present village of Ferry, southwest 



of Bellbrook, Ohio. Two months later :Mr. 
ColHer made a trip to Fort Defiance, in 
June, 1796. traveling on Wayne's trail, or 
military road. He performed the journey 
alijne and on foot, sleeping on the ground, 
with no shelter but his blanket; he was well 
armed, and had no other dependence fur 
self-protection but his trusty rifle, and his 
courage and presence of mind. The object 
of his lonely journey through the wilderness 
was the recovery of stolen horses, an object 
which he failed to accomplish. He returned 
some time during the same month and took 
up his residence in this county, at which time 
there were not more than a dozen settlers 
within its present borders, nor was the coun- 
ty organized until seven years afterward. 

There can be no doul)t but what Mr. Col- 
lier made his home for a while in the Wil- 
son and Mills settlement, near Clio, or Fer- 
ry, as it is now called. We next find him lo- 
cated on the farm of Capt. Xathan Lanime, 
a soldier of the Revolution, whose land was 
niirth of the present town of Bellbrook. We 
have also from the old records of the county 
evidence that he was present at the house of 
Peter Borders, on Beaver, when the county 
was first organized, and was appointed to 
take the enumeration of Sugarcreek town- 
ship. He received that appointment May 
10, 1803, and commenced the work August 
3, 1803, and finished on the loth of the 
month, reporting the names of seventy-one, 
wiio, at that time, were residents of what is 
now Sugarcreek. then comprising all of 
Spring Valley and a portion of what is now 
Xenia township, that were over the ages of 
twenty-one years. 

Seven days" work! We are filled with 
wonder and surprise when we read his re- 
port. And think of the condition of the coun- 

try at that early day ! Covered with the prim- 
itive forests, no roads, or pikes, as now — 
nothing but bridle paths for pack horses, that 
led from one settlement to another. 


On the 2 1 St of June, 1803, the electors 
of Sugarcreek township held the first elec- 
tion in the township, at the house of Mr. 
James Clancey, whose cabin at that time was 
located on the present site of the town of 
Bellbrook. Our honored old pioneer was 
one of the candidates for the office of town- 
ship lister, and Joseph C. \'ance, the father 
of Governor Vance, was a candidate for 
clerk at the same election. 


In the spring of 1805 he takes his de- 
parture from Sugarcreek township, and 
moves to Xenia. He was at this time act- 
ing as dqnity sherifY, under William Max- 
well, who had on the 17th day of December, 
1803, resigned his position as associate 
judge, and had been elected sherift of the 
county. Capt. Xathan Lamme had previous 
to Mr. Maxwell's election been the sheriff 
(by appointment), but finding that it inter- 
fered too much with his large landed inter- 
est, had resigned. ]\lr. Collier continued to 
act as deputy until 1807, when he was elect- 
ed sheriff. 


Mr. Collier served out the constitutional 
term. While he held this office the county 
was the temporary residence of certain des- 
perate characters, whose lawless acts of vio- 



lence and crime, had driven them to the fron- 
tiers l:)eyond tlie jurisdiction of laws, or out 
of reach of tlie ministers of justice. Num- 
bers of them were ronfederated together at 
different points, forming a chain of commu- 
nication, all the way from Kentucky to Can- 
ada. Tiiey would warn each other of ap- 
proaching danger; would mutually assist 
each other in rescues, escapes and conceal- 
ments. They would receive, conceal and 
convey stolen property from oaie to the oth- 
er, which rendered detection and conviction 
very cliflicult. Several daring robberies were 
committed in the cuuntv. It was no unu- 
sual circumstance in those days for citi- 
zens, on retiring to rest, to bar the door se- 
curely, and place a gun and ax at the bed- 
side ready for self-defense in case of a noc- 
turnal attack. An instance of their audacity 
and success may suffice to illustrate the state 
of the times. 


Thirteen robbers, armed to the teeth, with 
faces concealed with black crepe, one night 
entered the house of John \Volf. Sr.. a citi- 
zen near the site of the village of Byron, and 
robbed the owner of about four hundred and 
fifty dollars in specie. Not satisfied with the 
amount nf booty obtained, they threatened 
the owner of the house witli torture, pro- 
posing to pinch his fingers in a vise, unless 
he infnrnied them where more money could 
be found. They would have carried their 
threats into execution but for the opposi- 
tion and influence of one of their number, 
more human than the rest. 

:Mr. Collier was instrumental in breaking 
up their association and driving them from 
the county. His vigilance, intrepidity and 

perseverance was such tliat they had neither 
rest or security. He, with his assistants, 
hunted them from their hiding places, sur- 
rounded their houses in the night season, 
and arrested every one he could lay his 
hands on. until, finally, they were all either 
captured or driven from the county, and the 
citizens were left in peace and security of 
life and property. 

Mr. Collier continued to act as sherifif 
until the election of 1811. when he gave way 
to Capt. John Hivling. 


He was, in 181 4, elected coroner of 
Greene county, and continued in that office 
until the year 1820, when he was succeeded 
by David Connelly. He was again chosen 
coroner in 1826. and continued in that office 
until 1830. 


We will now return to the time when 
Mr. Collier removed from Sugarcreek to 
Xenia. It is said that the first person buried 
in the pioneer graveyard at Bellhrook was 
the wife of James Collier. He afterward 
married the daughter of Jacob Smith, who 
was a man of note in the early history of 
the county. The same Jacob Smith, whose 
body our Masonic brethren removed from 
tlie Harblne farm and reinterred in ^^^:lod- 
land cemetery, Xenia, in 1898. 

It must not be supposed that ^Ir. Collier 
had nut been in Xenia previous to 1805 : his 
dutv as deputy sheriff would oftimes bring 
him to Xenia, and besides that we find in the 
old records of the county the following: 
"On the 15th day of November, 1804. Jo- 
seph C. Vance conveyed to James Collier lot 



No. 60, see book 3, pages 3 and 4, Records 
of Deeds : and again a year later on tlie 8th 
day of November, 1805, \\'illia:ii A. Beatty. 
director of the town of Xenia, conveyed to 
James Collier lot Xo. 58, book A, page 156. 


On lot Xo. 60, facing on Detroit street, 
about twenty feet back from tlie inside line 
of the sidewalk, Air. Collier erected in the 
summer of 1805 his cabin, a one-story, 
hewed-Iog, witli two windows down stairs, 
and witli a do(jr in tlie center, witli what is 
called one-half window up stairs over the 
two windows to give light into the attic 
room above. That building is still stand- 
ing in Xenia to-day (1899) and belongs, I 
believe, to a Mrs. Middleton, and is the first 
house east of the colored high schcx)l build- 
ing, East Market street, Xenia. It has been 
weatherboarded outside, and is still in pretty- 
good condition. When thev were removing: 
the old Collier house the original home of 
Air. Collier was just back of it. and was 
bought by Mr. Aliddleton and removed to its 
present site. It was in this building that 
Mr. Collier and his young wife, nee Raclit.l 
Smitli. daughter of Jacob Smith, com- 
menced their married life. 

Wq find the following in the records of 
the proliate court, under date of June 5. 
1805: "Married by the Rev. Joshua Car- 
man. James Collier to Rachel Smitli." 

.\ SOLDIER OF THE W.\R OF l8l2. 

It seems quite natural to see the name 
of James Collier enrolled among the nations 
defenders in the war of 1812. as will be seen 
from the following taken from the ofiiciul 

records: "I do hcre1)y certify that James 
Collier did volunteer under the proclama- 
tion of the governor and the circular of 
General Harrison, on the 15th day of Sep- 
tember, 1S12, and the said Collier did act 
the part of a faithful soldier during his con- 
tinuance in my company, and is hereby dis- 
charged. Given under my hand this the 5th 
day of January, 1813. Daniel F. Reedev. 

THE 01.11 roLHER HOUSE. 

This house was built the summer after 
Jiis return from that tour of duty in the 
army. W' hen first erected it consisted of one 
room and hall fronting on Detroit street. 
V, ith two rooms in the rear. It was a 
woixlen frame, liuilt over with brick; as was 
jokingly said at the time of its erection, it 
was "a frame house weatherboarded with 
1-rick." It was opened as a public house be- 
fore being finished, the front room being the 
bar-room. In 181 4 the south end was built. 
Reuben Hixon, who removed to Lebanon, 
made the bricks, and some l)rickmason5 
from Kentucky put them up. Alathew Alex- 
ander, the father of Captain John Alex- 
ander, (lid the wood work. The north end 
was built some years later. At the time the 
first part was erected there were two other 
brick houses in Xenia. besides the court 
house: one of them stood wiiere ( 1859) 
John F. I'atton's drug store used to stand, 
and the other on the ground now occupied 
by John Knox's saddle shop, or near that. 

The cimrl and l)ar put up at the Collier 
Plouse from the commencement, and it was 
far known and noted as a tavern. Recruit- 
ing officers boarded at the Collier House in 
the time of the war of i8i_'. and a British 



officer and liis servant, who were prisoners 
01 war, were there on parole. Court niar- 
slials, courts of inquin,- and courts of appeal 
were frequently held in this house by militia 
officers. The office of commissioner of in- 
solvents was kept in it until the law abolish- 
ing imprisonment for debt went into opera- 
tion. The first regular ball in Xenia came 
oft at the Collier House. Such was the 
.scarcity of females who could, or would, 
dance that girls were enquired after, and 
brought to town from a distance of eight or 
ten miles. It was kept by Mr. Collier as a 
public house for twent\--nine years, and for 
a while the regular mail stage stopped there. 

The Iniilding- next to where now stands 
the Reform church, and which formed an ad- 
dition to the Collier House, was built by 
Phillip Good, father of Judge Good, of Sid- 
ney, Ohio. Dr. Joshua Martin lived in it 
when he was first married, and continued to 
live there until he had a house built, which 
hfc occupied until the time of his death. 

Peter Pelham, Esq., one of the Greene 
county commissioners in 1812, and for sev- 
eral terms afterwards, and also who was the 
first auditor of Greene ctxmty in 1820, also 
lived in this hijuse. He was born in Bos- 
ton. Massachusetts, in 1747, and he was 
noted for his ardent piety, benevolence and 
numerous charities. He died in 1822. 
Many of the oldest citizens of Xenia still 
remember the old land mark, extending 
nordi from the Gallowav buildings to the 
south line of the present Reform church on 
Detroit street. In the files of the Torch- 
light, of July, 1859, appears a notice that it 
is to be sold, "this noted property w'ill be 
sold at pultlic sale by the executors of the 
estate of the late James Collier." 

No building in Xenia has a historv which 

equals in interest the history of this now 
dilapidated structure. It is a relic of the old 
times, the times of bridle-paths and corduroy 
roads, of horseback traveling and saddle 
bags, dating before turnpikes had entered in- 
the imagination of men in the west. Mr. 
and Mrs. Collier never had any children to 
brighten their home, and the ones we have 
had in our county by that name were the 
children of his younger brother, Moses, who 
was ten years younger than James, a sketch 
of wliom will appear further along. .Vnd 
as so much could be said of James Collier, 
we will for fear of wearing the patience of 
the reader close this history by adding .1 
tribute to his memory as furnished by his old 
and intimate friend, Thomas Coke Wright, 
who says, when asked if he had anything to 
say, after the death of his old friend, in the 
year 1851 : "He, like many of the old pio- 
neers, had his strong points of character, 
which stamped iiim with originality. The 
incidents of his early life evinced that he was 
enterprising and resolute. He originally 
had a good constitution and much hardihood 
and powers of bodily endurance, which en- 
abled him to endure cold and the inclemen- 
cies of the seasons with iminmity. If while 
hunting in the tall woods of the west, night 
finding him far away from any human hab- 
itation oi- shelter it made little or no dif- 
ference to him. Kindling a fire from a fiint 
and steel, he would pass the night without 
a tent or blanket, or other covering than the 
canopy of heaven. He possessed much 
firmness and decision of character, and when 
his mind was made up, his purpose fixed, it 
was no easy matter to turn his determination. 
He possessed the faculty of concentration in 
a great degree, and whate\'er he engaged in 
he pursued with all his mind and all his 



miglit. If employcil in scune out-door labor 
and it came on to rain, and his mind intent 
on tiie business on hand, he has been known 
to continue on as though unconscious that 
any rain was falHng. In all his dealings 
he was strictly honest, and trutli was an idol 
with him. Xot one particle would he 
swer\e from the literal naked facts and 
woukl tolerate neither ideality nor embel- 
lishments, but adhere to the simplicity of 
truth in all his narrations and statements. 

'"Most cordially did he detest falsehood 
and meanness in every station in life; he 
was always the good honest worthy citizen, 
discharging e\ery duty as a public officer 
and private citizen to the best of his skill 
and ability, faithfully and honestly. In his 
friendships he was sincere and true, and hi.s 
attachments ceased only with life. His 
men^ory was \ery retentive, and was richly 
stored with a \ast number of facts and in- 
cidents, historical and biographcal, concern- 
ing early times in the west, which he could 
relate with an accuracy and minuteness of 
detail that was truly surprising. He could 
point out and correct more errors, which 
have found a place in western history, than 
perhaps any other man now livmg, and could 
his biography have been written, connected 
with all the information he possessed, it 
would have pro\-en a treasure to western 
history. It would have preserved numerous 
facts, now lost fore\'er, and corrected di\-ers 
errors in accounts already given to the pul)- 
lic, which will now go down to history as 
true. For instance. Butler in his history of 
Kentucky says: "In the attack of Colonel 
Bowman made on Old Town in July, 1 779. 
the Indian chief. Black Fish, the one who 
had headed an expedition against Harrods- 
burg. and liad taken Boone prisoner, was 

killed." Whereas, that same Indian was 
killed in Kentucky early one Sunday morn- 
ing, w ithin three miles of where Mr. Collier 
was at that time. He had broken into a set- 
tler's house, and was engaged in a desperate 
struggle on the flo(ir with the owner of the 
premises, when his daughter, a brave young 
woman, seized a hunting knife, flew to the 
assistance of her father and stabbed the In- 
dian. The Indians were ashamed to have it 
known that their famous war chief had fal- 
len at the hands of a white squaw, con- 
cealed his rank and name at the time, and 
afterwards countenanced the report that he 
had fallen in battle. 

"Judge Burnet in his notes says that 
early in 1796 the British government sur- 
rendered the northern p'jst, including Mi- 
ami and Detroit. The posts were delivered 
to General Wayne, while Air. Collier was 
at Fort Defiance in June, 1796. General 
Wilkenson one morning reached that post 
and sat upon his horse in company with his 
staff officers on the lianks of the Auglaize 
river opposite the fort until a salute of fif- 
teen rounds had been fired from a twelve 
pounder. He had Ijeen to Detroit, and [n 
conversation with Mr. Collier Informed him 
that the inhabitants of Detroit treated him 
with coldness and reserve, except one young 
Frenchman, who invited him to his mother's 
house, where he was received with kindness 
and treated with hospitalitw And farther 
the post would have been surrendered to him, 
but for the want of men he could not take 
possession. In the following September he 
saw General \\'ilkenson on his way to De- 
troit with part of two regiments of men to 
take possession : the surrender was made of 
course to him in pursuance of the stipula- 
tions nf Jay's treaty made in 1793." 




For a vear or so previous to his death 
lie hatl been intinii. and was frequently sub- 
ject to severe attacks from wiiich liis re- 
covery seemed duuljtful, and it was a com- 
mon remark among his friends tiiat the old 
pioneer was failing fast. Still from every 
attack he recovered again, so as to be up 
and ahiiul. until about seven weeks previous 
to his death he was again prostrated with 
dyspepsia. As the days progressed his sys- 
tem wasted away to a mere shadow ; he took 
riot a particle of nourishmient for twenty- 
three days, yet he continued to live with a 
tenacitv beyond any example ever seen by 
tlie many friends who Wiere in attendance 
or daily \isitcd him. He continued i)er- 
fcctly in liis senses, and was not only re- 
signed In die, but willing and imjiatient for 
that event to take place. At length worn 
out nature viekled. and he fell asleep with- 
out a sigh or struggle. And thus he has 
gone, one of the early pioneers of Greene 
county, who was here nearby when the first 
improvement was made within its limits. 
On each memorial day in our own beautiful 
Woodland can be seen two flags and the 
flowers that are still put there to commem- 
orate the brave acts of the two brothers who 
were both soldiers in the war of i8i J. James 
and Moses Collier. 


The younger brother of James Collier 
was born in Rockbridge county. Virginia. 
on the 4th day of January, 1784, In 1786 
when he was but two years old his family 
emigrated from Virginia, their destination 
being Kentucky, but in consequence of his 

mother's health thev stopped nn the river 
Holstan, in what is now east Tennessee, and 
th.ere remained until the following sum- 
mer, when the journey was resumed until 
thev reached the place of destination in 
Kentucky some eighteen miles north of Crab 
Orchard. Here he continued to reside with 
his parents in Lincoln county and spent his 
earlv youth. The next we hear of our old 
pioneer friend was in 1797. when he was 
making his home with his brother James on 
the land leased from Captain Nathan 
Lamme. He was then a mere boy, thirteen 
vears old, and his brother James twenty- 
three, and it is said by a Bellbrook historian 
that they lived in a cabin near the present 
residence of John Kable, north of Bellbrook, 
being central part of section ^^-5, 6. Moses 
is said to have been remembered as the first 
assessor of the township. (That is a mis- 
take, as the book which contains that enu- 
meration has been found, and is now in the 
vault of the auditor's office, and shows that 
it was James and not Moses.) 

In the fall of 1805. at the October elec- 
tion, we find for the first time the two Col- 
lier brothers. James and Moses, voting in 
Xenia township. This was the first vote 
cast bv Moses in Greene county, and he was 
now twenty-one years old. A year previous 
he had bought of Joseph C. Vance, director 
of the town of Xenia. lot Ko. 128, now- 
owned by President Fay, as the !\Iiami Pow- 
der Company. He was one of the best sur- 
veyors that Greene county evei had. and he 
served the count)' in that cajiacity from 1817 
until 1829. when he was elected tri represent 
Greene county in the lower house of the 

He was afterward elected surveyor of 
the count V in 1834. and continued to act 



as such until the year 1840. He was mar- 
ried, September 19. 1810, to Miss Elizabeth 
Small, bv Rev. Joshua Carman, The result 
of this marriage was six sons and four 
daughters: P'ranklin, David, James, Jr.. 
Albert, Theodore and Ira, sons, and daugh- 
ters. Mrs. Pugh Sterritt, Mrs. Daniel Job. 
Miss Ruth Collier, residing at Yellow 
Springs, and Mrs. Joseph Linkhart, of 
Xenia. After little more than half a cen- 
tury of married life he died at his residence 
on Clifton road, November 28, 1861. after 
a brief illness. For more than half a cen- 
tury he resided here, and during the long 
period had ranked worthily among the best 
men in the county. 

In addition to what has been said before, 
Moses Collier filled the position of clerk of 
the coxin of inquiry of the militia of Greene 
county. Away back in the years 181 o- 
ii-ij. when the county was under the old 
system of valuation, he was assessor of real 
estate, making his last assessment in 1840. 
He was among the first men. in tlie then 
town iif Xenia in 1816 to enroll liis name 
as a stockholder in the first library associa- 
tion that was organized in the town. Later 
on, upon the organization of the old Xenia 
Lyceum, he contributed many valuable 
works, and contril>utions were more impor- 
tant in that day when books were scarce than 
it would be now. Of the early settlers of this 
countv Mr. Collier was about the last one 
left, and he was at the day of his death 
standing almost alone as the representative 
of the men who felled the forest and opened 
the fields of the ]\Iiami valley. He was a 
soldier for a brief tour in the war of 1812, 
under Captain Robert McClelland, to go to 
the relief of Fort Wayne. At his funeral 
a large concourse of neighbors and friends 

followed his remains to the last resting place 
in Woodland cemetery, Xenia, Ohio. 



So much can be written of this township 
that one is at a loss where to commence. 
We find that on the lofh day of May, 
1803. Greene county's first associate judges 
met in the house of Peter Borders, in 
Beavercreek township, on the farm known 
at this time (1900) as the Harbine farm. 
for the purpose of laying off the county 
into townships. This township was the 
place of commencement ; Sugarcreek was 
designated as No. i. It was and had been 
the gateway into the county -of almost all 
of the early pioneers. And in order to avoid 
repetition of what has been written in the 
fomier part of this book as to its organiza- 
tion and boundaries and who were the peo- 
ple that were living in the county at that 
time would refer the reader to that descrip- 
tion. ]\Iost of this work has been compiled 
from the old records of the county that had 
b>een carted away to different out of the way 
places in the court house which was this 
year ( 1900) torn down, as well as in the 
one that was torn away in 1842, and which 
had been built in 1806. It has been said 
that "Moses Collier was remembered as "be- 
ing the first to take the enumeration of 
Sugarcreek township."' That is a mistake. 
James Collier was the one who made that 
enumeration, as his book has been found, 
and in it he says. "I commenced the work 
Augtist 3, 1803. and completed it August 10, 
1803." In this connection we quote from 
a statement furnished by John L. Elcook. 
assisted by Silas Hale, in 1874. He says: 
'"Some seventy years ago the spot where 



Bellbruok now stands was a wild unbroken 
wilderness. Herds of deer roamed through 
the forest and occasionally a bear was to 
be seen. The first house in the county had 
not long been built, and stood about half 
a mile north of the present village of Clio, 
or Ferry, on what is now known as the Ab- 
ner Wilson farm." 


It was raised on the 7th day of April, 
1796, and belonged to Daniel W'illson. one 
of the early pioneers of the county. It was 
ciinstructed of unhewed logs, and like the 
other cabins of early days had no floor but 
that afforded by the broad breast of mother 
earth. Other cabins of the same kind were, 
however, soon built. 


.\ mill Stood on the southern part of the 
farm now owned by Thomas Brown and 
was the first mill of which we have any 
record in the Cdunty. It was a hand mill, 
and the neighbors from si.x or seven miles 
around came here to grind their grist. 
Sometimes as many as seven and eight met 
at the mill, and this number in those days 
was a crowd ; but by "spelling each other 
ar the crank" they soon got the grain ground 
and left contentedly for honw. One of the 
srones of this mill is now in the possession 
of ]\Ir. Brown, who has collected quite d 
cabinet of curiosities and relics, and has, it 
it said, one of the finest collections of min- 
eralogical and geological specimens in the 
state. This mill stone is about fourteen 
inches in diameter, and three inches thick 
on the circumference. 


Among the first settlers in the vicinity 
of what is now known as Bellbrook were 
Joseph C. Vance, Captain Nathan Lamme, 
John McLean, John C. Hale, Ephraim Bow- 
man. James Barrett and a few others. (For 
a complete list see Sugarcreek township, 
first part of the book.) Joseph C. Vance 
located and settled op the land lying east of 
the street that leads to Alpha. Here he 
built a cabin, which was the first dwelling 
erected on the ground that was long after- 
ward laid out for the town. It was built 
of rude logs and stood a littlj to the rear 
of where Ephraim Bumgardncr's paint shop 
used to stand. This cabin was afterward 
sold to James Clancey, and was used by him 
for a kStchen^, he, to meet the growfing 
wants of trade, having erected a finer and 
more commodious log house, in which he 
kept tavern. 


And here we may remark that Joseph 
Vance, the e.x-governor and son of the above 
Joseph C. Vance, is remembered by the 
school children of that day as a young man 
in "liuckskin breeches'' and the driver of an 
ox cart on the "Pickney road." What 
visions o-f future glory haunted his mind 
while engaged in this humble occupation' 
we shall never know. But that he was not 
cntirelv disappointed in his aspirations we 
may safely judge. The "Pickney road" de- 
rives its name from "Pickney pond," near 
Harbine's, bv which it ran. It is the same 
road that is mentioned as leading to 




Entered the land now owned by David 
Clemmer. John Xave and the widow Lamnie. 
Tlie comi>iler of this sketch has in his pos- 
session a list, or roll, of the officers of the 
sixteen Virginia regiments of the Conti- 
nental army who had received land 
bounties in tlie \'irginia military district 
in Kentuckv and Ohio, and among the 
number is the name of Captain Xathan 
Lamme, who received four thousand 
acres. He came to Sugarcreek town- 
shij) in tlie year 1797. and entered his 
land in sections 33 and 27 (3.6), north- 
east of Bellbrook. He built a cabin on the 
hill north of the Washington mill. He 
served as a volunteer in the Lord Dunmore 
war and participated in the battle of Point 
Pleasant, at the mouth of the Great Kan- 
awha, under General Lewis, which lasted 
from dawn of day until sundown, and it 
was a hard fight and bloody battle. And 
during the war of the Revolution he was 
ff und wearing for eight years the uniform 
of a captain with honor to himself and coun- 
try. At the organization of Greene county, 
Ohio, Xathan Lamme was appointed sheriff. 
but on account of his large land estate lie 
only served three months and resigned. 
\\'illiam Maxwell, who was at the time serv- 
ing- as one of the first associate judges, re- 
signed that position and accepted the place 
made vacant by Mr. Lamme. Mr. Maxwell 
with his able deputy. James Collier, served 
two terms, when Mr. Collier was elected. 
Thus from away back we have the precedent 
for the deputy to take the place of the prin- 
cipal, which has been kept up with few ex- 
ceptions to the present time. It is said of 
Captain Lamme tliat he was intimately ac- 

ciuainted with Simon Kenton, whom he had 
often entertained for weeks in his log cabin 
as the old pioneer passed to and fro from 
Kentucky to his lands in Champaign county. 

In the pioneer graveyard in Bellbrook is 
buried this grand old hero of the war of the 
Revolution. He died in 1834, aged eighty- 
nine years, ilen of higher rank and less 
worth have had expensive monuments erect- 
ed by a great government, while this one is 
almost forgotten. 

Mr. Lamme had five sons, Josiah, W'ill- 
iam, James, Samuel and David ; also two 
daughters, Anna and Martha. Of the five 
sons, all of them took part in the war of 
1812. The following is a sketch of his 
} oimgest son : 


Mr. Lamme was born in Kentucky. Jan- 
uary I. 1 791, and removed with his father 
to the late residence on the banks of the 
Little Miami in 1797. where he was resid- 
ing when the tocsin of war was sounded be- 
tween this country and Great Britain. He 
joined the citizen soldiery first as a substi- 
tute under Captain Robert McClelland at 
Xenia, from whence he was marched to Up- 
pei' Sandusky to meet the northern invaders 
and their red allies. After his discharge he 
volunteered under the immortal Harrison 
to the relief of Fort Wayne, then beseiged 
by the Indians, after which he volunteered 
twice, thus serving four distinct campaigns 
during the war. X'otwithstanding his pio- 
neer and Kentucky heroism placed him in 
the front ranks in defense of his country, he 
was emphatically a man of peace, a good 
soldier, "a good citizen, a dutiful son. a 
provident husband, an indulgent parent and 



a kind neiglibor. It appears that while the 
Lammes were Virginians, yet like many 
from that state who came to Ohio in the 
late Civil war they were true to the "stars 
and stri])es." We tind from good authority 
that Captain Lamme after the war of the 
Revolution was shortly afterward in Ken- 
tucky, and it is no doubt but that is wiiere 
he became acciuaiiileil with Simon Kenton. 


On the site of the present beautiful resi- 
dence of Jacob Haines, Jr., and surrounded 
by a forest of stately oaks and sugar trees 
stood the first school house in the commu- 
nity. It was a large log building and had 
a huge fireplace at either end. Here the 
future \-illage fathers dnmed o\-er their dog- 
eared spelling books, and between the "rule 
of three" and the master's "birch" spent 
many miserable days. The seats were not 
tl:e varnished comfortable affairs with 
which school houses are now furnished, 
but rude plank or puncheons resting 
on pins at a slight angle. The writing 
desks were ranged around the walls and 
were made by driving wooden ]iins into 
auger holes bored in the logs, so that they 
stood at a proper angle; on these pins were 
placed boards or planks to serve as a rest 
for the copy book. Glass was very scarce, 
and altogether too e.xpensive an article to 
have in a school house, and this temple of 
learning was innocent of sash or pane, but 
necessity is the mother of invention, and a 
large greased paper was stretched over the 
window, which in a measure supplied the 
deficiency and admitted some light at least. 
This house w'as afterward torn down by 
Stephen Bell, and a dwelling erected in its 

stead. The master of this backwood"s school 
house was James Bain. 

J.VMES B.\I.\. 

In a sketch written, I think, by Rev. 
Thomas Beveridge, of the life of Rev. Rob- 
ert Armstrong, as to the cause of his com- 
ing to .\nierica, he says: "Four members 
of the .\ssix-iate church having settled in the 
same neighborhood in the vicinity of Lex- 
ington, Kentucky, in 1796, namely: James 
L'.ain, Adam Goodlett, Thomas Robinson 
and James Pringle, took council together at 
a prayer meeting on the best means of ob- 
taining a dispensation of the gospel among 
them. Among the early records of the 
county James Bain's name appears on the 
aforesaid records in 1804. He settled in 
Sugarcreek township, Greene county, the 
same year as Mr. Armstrong, which was 
on the 2d day of September, 1804, which 
was the date Mr. Bain came into Sugar- 
creek township. He settled the land now 
owned by Archibald Berryhill's heirs, north 
of Bellbrook, northeast section 32 (3.6). 
He built a cabin near the present farm 
house. Subsequently he erected a malt house 
west of the cabin. He was a school master, 
combining the two avocations of teaching 
the school and brewing beer. He is a man 
remembered as combining many other seem- 
ingly uncongenial professions. It is related 
of him that he would rise very early in the 
morning, proceed to his "clearing," work 
until his good wife, Sarah, who died Xo- 
vember 17, 1818, at the age of forty-five, 
would blow the horn for breakfast, after 
which he would proceed to his school, and 
the faithful horn would call him to dinner, 
and at evening the sound of the horn echo- 
ing through the woods gave welcome warn- 



ing to tlie boys and girls that the dreary 
hard day's work of school was done, but 
called the master to his clearing and the 
maul and the wedge. 

He was a soldier of the war of 1812, 
and was in the company of Captain Ammi 
Maltbie, wliich was a part of the First Regi- 
ment, Second Battalion and First Division, 
and the fact that he was the owner of a 
private "still" is no reflection upon him. 
The most of the old pioneers, leading men 
in the church and other good works, did 
not at that time think it a sin to have about 
and make their own liquors. It is said of 
him that while teaching that, in addition to 
that, he \\ou!(l make one hundred rails a 
day by his early rising. He laid out and 
sold to tlie Associate or Seceder congrega- 
tion the site for the church and burial place, 
the strip of land now known as the "Pioneer 
Associate graveyard." It had been the 
opinion of some in the neighborhood that 
this lot was donated with certain peculiar 
conditions, but this is a mistake ; the deed 
reads thus : "This indenture made and con- 
cluded this 8th day of June. 1816, between 
James Bain, of tlie county of Greene, etc. 
\\'itnessed that said James Bain for and in 
consideration of the sum of three dollars to 
him paid doth grant, bargain, etc.. a certain 
lot of ground enclosing the church, knmvn 
bv the name of the Sugarcreek meeting 
house. The deed is given without reserve." 
And in that place, first line of graxxs, near 
the east line, south corner, he sleeps the long 
sleep of death. Mr. Bain was Ijorn in the 
year 1748, and died August 9, 1832, at the 
age of seventy-fi\e years. 


One reason wliy Sugarcreek township 

was the gateway by which so many of the 
early residents of the county entered was 
on account of this road. It was the tirst 
beaten track through thf wilderness leading 
from Cincinnati through Lebanon extending 
north through what is now ]\Iain street, 
Bellbrook, north toward Al])lia. past what 
was then known as Pickney pond, from 
which the road is supposed to have taken its 
name. Over this road the early settlers re- 
ceived their supplies of salt and iron and 
such other commodities as they could not 
produce for themselves. It required long 
absences from home and laborious travel to 
go to Cincinnati then w ith a load of ground 
corn and exchange it for salt and return 
home again. After a time this road became 
more of a thoroughfare, the demand for 
supplies for the growing settlements con- 
tinued to increase, and large teams of belled 
horses began to make regular trips carrying- 
loads of flour and returning with mer- 

-Another road leading from this one was 
called the "Beer road," because it was used 
iiiostly by our old pioneer friend, James 
Bain, to transfer from his place in the liol- 
low, back of what is known as the Pioneer 
graveyard, to Dayton his beer. The main 
road crossed the .Miami at what is now the 
"Upper" mill and passed north of where 
Bellbrook now is. and e.xtended toward 
Centerville. Over this route the mail was 
carried weekly to Xenia. 


It is said the first body buried here was 
the wife of Colonel James Collier, which 
must have been some time in the year 1804 



or 1805. as Mr. Collier removed from Cap- 
tain Xatlian Lamme's farm to X'ciiia in the 
snmmer of 1805. Xo stone or marker can 
1)6 fonnd of her grave. 


The oldest tombstone standing has in- 
scribed npun it the name of Joseph Rubin- 
son, Sr., who died March 6, 1806, aged 
seventy-two years. This tombstone is of 
great historical interest to some who are de- 
scendants of his, who were at this time liv- 
ing in Xenia. He was the grandfather of 
the grandfather of our ex-deputy clerk of 
courts. Miss EcHth Robinson, and was the 
great-grandfather to ^\'illiam .F. Trader, at- 
torney at law, and others. Mr. Robinson, 
Sr.. has two sons also buried here, one of 
whom Joseph, Jr., was a soldier in the war 
of 1812, and his brother, Edward, who died 
October 17. 1845, at the age of seventy- 
three years. 


Xot far from this lot where the pio- 
neer Robinson family are buried is another 
grave. It also is of local interest to some 
living at present in Xenia. It is the grave 
of Major William Rogers, who was a sol- 
dier in the war of 18 12, and w'lio was the 
father of Amuicl Rogers and his brother 
Luke. He was the grandfather of Mrs. Jo- 
seph Milburn. On his tombstone is the fol- 
lowing record: "Born September 7, 1774- 
Died December 3, 1815." He built what 
was called the Roger's mill, the first water 
power mill erected in Sugarcreek township. 


This soldier of the Revolutionarv war 

was a native of Augusta county, Virginia, 
and at the age of nineteen vears volunteered 
in the American army, under the command 
of General Nathaniel Greene. At the battle 
of Guilford Court House, Xorth Carolina, 
in the heat of the engagement his company 
was surrounded by the merciless, victorious 
British, commanded to give up their arms, 
and on doing so he was struck on the head 
with a sw"ord which produced a se\ere 
wound, the scar of which remained until the 
day of his death. He was held a prisoner 
by the captors two years, then exchanged, 
returned to his home, and after some years 
he married and settled on a farm. Mr. 
Berryhill's wife was a niece of Charles 
Thompson, of Revolutionary fame, and sec- 
retary to the first continental congress, a 
man of sonw executive ability and a lover 
of liberty. To them were born eleven chil- 
dren, eight sons and three daughters. Their 
names were James, William, John, Alex- 
ander, Margaret, Samuel. Archibald, Rachel, 
Matthew, Elizabeth and Franklin. Mr. 
Berryhill's father, John, was a native of 
Ireland, who settled in Virginia at an early 
date and there reared a famil_\-. 

We have lingered longer at these two his- 
toric graves, the graves of those illustrious 
representatives, than we had intended, so 
'.vith feelings of almost re\-'erence we take 
our departure from the tombs of Alexander 
and Rachel Thompson Berryhill, only stop- 
ping long enough to copy the inscriptions 
that tell of the time of their death. Alex- 
ander Berryhill died in September, 1823, 
aged fifty-nine, his wife, Rachel, in 1838. 
They came to Ohio in 1814. 

The next gra\'e that we \'isited. not far 
from Mr. Berryhill's, is the grave of 




Along the east line near the south corner 
apparently in the first tier of lots,' hidden by 
a cedar tree whose branches reach the 
ground, is the grave of James Bain. 
After parting the liranches his tombstone 
appears in sight, and by his side are 
buried some of his children and his faithful 
wife, Sarah. As you stand and gaze in- 
voluntary you listen if perchance to hear the 
sound of the horn that called him from la- 
bor in the school and from his work i'.i 
the clearing. Mr. Bain died August 9, 1832, 
at the age of seventy-five years. As we 
have a sketch of his life elsewhere we will 
proceed to the next, which is the grave of 

wii.i.iAM m'caxlas, 

\Mio first came the county in 1S17 and 
was related to ^Ir. Bain. He died August 
9. 1835. aged forty-seven years. He had 
also a brother Robert. Xot far from this 
lot, going north, is the grave of 


A\'ho was a son of James Bain. Sr.. and 
was well known in Greene county, and is 
still remembered by some of the older in- 
habitants as a genial and well disposed man. 
Not far from his grave toward the west is 
the grave of anotlier well known pioneer, 


^Ir. Law first came nito Greene county 
in 1804 from Kentucky and settled in Sugar- 
creek township. He has a number of de- 
scendants yet living. His son, Jesse Law, 

who was a soldier in the war of 1812, and 
who was for years a resident of Xenia town- 
ship, is still rememljered by many in Xenia 
and throughout the county. \\'illiam Law, 
Sr., died January 26. 1826, aged seventy- 
six years. Xot far from where ^Mr. Law 
is buried is th.e grave of 


This grave is of more than usual inter- 
est, and as we take our place in front of the 
stone that marks the last resting place of 
this hardy old pioneer, George Watt, listen 
to the story of his life. 

In the year 1820 he left his home in Bel- 
fast. Ireland, with his family. His destina- 
tion was the L'nited States of America, state 
of Ohio, county of Greene, where they ar- 
rived the same year. His brother, Hugh, 
had preceeded him to this country. Hugh, 
who was six years younger, and who was 
the father of the late Dr. George Watt, of 
Xenia, had settled in 181 7 not far from 
Cedarville, whilst George, the elder, settled 
in 1820 on the hilltops west of the Little 
?iliami river between what is known as the 
"Indian Riffle" and the old Eureka mill. 
George Watt, Sr., was the father of George 
Watt, Jr., who lived in the house on the 
southwest corner of Market and West streets 
(present home of Mr. Collins, the car- 
penter), whilst two other sons, Hugh and 
Andrew, removed to Indiana. James \\'att. 
the fourth son, died in Xenia ; he never mar- 
ried. James and Andrew made applications 
to become citizens of the United States in 
1840. which were granted. He had also four 
daughters: Mrs. Betsey Dodd, wife of 
John Dodd. Sr. : ^Irs. Samuel Smeigh: 
Mrs. Jane ^IcClellan, wife of William, of 


Siigarcreek : and Margaret, who was single. 
Of liis children, I think, Mr.s. Samuel 
Snieigh, mother of Mrs. George Kendall, is 
the only one living. Mr. Wan, who was 
born in 1765, came to America in 18 jo. and 
died in 1845, aged eighty years. 


Not far from the grave of Cieorge Walt, 
Sr., is the grave of John Goudy. as the name 
is spelled on the tombstone. Along side of 
him is buried his good wife, Ann Gowdy. 
What time Mr. Gowdy came and settled in 
Sugarcreek town.ship is no-t known. This 
much is known : He was there previous U) 
1803, as his name and that of his son, An- 
drew Gowdy, appear on the first enumera- 
tion taken of the aforesaid township in 1S03. 
Mr. Gowdy died November 13, 1807, at the 
age of seventy-seven years. His son, An- 
drew Gowdy, was married to Mary ]\Ic- 
Connell. l-'cbruary 7, i8of), i)v the Rev. Rob- 
ert Armstrong, and from his tombstone we 
learn that he was born April 2. 1777, and 
died September 25, 1818, aged forty-one 
years. There are living in Xenia ( 1900) 
one son and one daughter of Andrew Gow- 
dy, namely, our venerable and resi>ected 
townsmen who has spent so many years of 
his life in nur midst. .Alexander Gowdy, 
now in his eighty-seventh year, living on 
W^est Main street, and his sister, Mrs. Jacob 
Miller, residing on East Main street, mother 
of Mrs. Joseph M. I\Iillnn-n. John Gowdy, 
Sr., was a native of Pennsylvania, removing 
from there to Kentucky, and thence to Ohio 
at the date given. Other children he had be- 
side Andrew: One son, John, who was a 
soldier from Greene county in the war of 
1812, and William Gowdy, who went to 

Kentucky, and removed Rev. Armstrong to 
this place in 1804. John removed to Frank- 
lin, Indiana, as did two other sons, Robert 
and Thomas. His daughter, Ann, Xovau- 
ber 8, 1804, was married to Air. James 
Bull, and it was an event that was made his- 
torical by our old pioneer friend, Hugh 
Andrew, who was one of the guests at the 
wedding. He says: "Th2y were there 
from Dan to Beersheba." Another daugh- 
ter of John Gowdy, Xancy, born August 14, 
1817, was married to Jesse Law, a well 
known pioneer of Greene county. The chil- 
dren of Andrew Gowdy were John, Jane. 
Adam, Susanna, Alexander, Mary Ann and 

But to mentii/U all of the illustrious dead 
that are buried here would make this article 
tiK) long, so we pass these graves and go to 
the next and last that we sliall mention, 
which is the grave of Captain Nathan 
I.amme, a gallant soldier of the Revolution, 
and by his side his son, David, a soldier of 
the war of 1812. A brief sketch of both 
will be found elsewhere in fhis book. 


One of the early settlers of Greene coun- 
ty was John Hutchison. He came from 
Bourlwn county, Kentucky, in 1806. He 
and Mr. Frazier had married sisters by the 
name of Finley in Rockbridge county, Vir- 
ginia, and because of slavery they only re- 
mained in Kentucky some ten years. John 
Hutchison bought a farm one mile southeast 
of Bellbrook. the east line along the Miami, 
now known as the Alorris farm. He was a 
weaver and while he worked at his trade his 
sons George, John, Andrew, Samuel and 
William cleared and cultivated the farm. 



George and Sarah. Juhn and Andrew, Will- 
iam and Martha ( Sterrett ) were twins. 
Samuel, May (Jobe) and Jane (McClure) 
were "not in it." John cultivated the farm 
after marriage to Ellen Clancey, April 24. 
1822, until he bought one hundred acres 
near Xenia, a half mile northwest of the fair 
grounds, now the "Shoup farm," which he 
sold in 1835 ^''"^^ moved to Shelby county, 
near Sidney, and died in Sidney at the age 
of eighty-six years. His father and mother 
died in the same week of fever and are 
buried in the "Upper graveyard," he at the 
age of fifty-five years. He belonged to the 
first board of trustees of the First United 
church of Xenia, and tlie family came on 
horseback to church. And what a task in 
the absence of con\-eniences must ha\-e l)een 
the rearing of such a family. The mother 
dare not leave one of a pair by itself when 
she went to the spring to carry water, but 
carried one on the back, another under one 
arm, leaving one hand for the bucket. An- 
drew came to Xenia to learn the tailor trade 
with Mr. Currie, and pursued it until the 
last day of his life. He died in 1865 at 
the age of sixty-nine years. He was the fa- 
ther of W. C. the merchant. Mrs. Gevirge 
Ebright and Miss Emma, who are still li\- 
ing in Xenia. 


Died at Bellbrook, Ohio, X'ovcmlicr 21, 
1873, at the age of sixty-eight years. He 
was an old bachelor, and had made his home 
with Mr. Samuel Pogue for a long time past. 
He was one of th.e most eccentric and ])e- 
culiar men of our age. One of his oddities 
that we have no record of any one else copy- 
ing was that he would not accept any more 

than seventy-five cents per day from any one 
for doing work. He was a good workman, 
and made a good hand at carpenter work. 
But he always said that seventy-five cents 
was all that a day's work was worth, and 
would not accept any more. He began life 
a poor boy without a dollar, was always in- 
dustrious, made a good living, wore good 
clothing and saved six thousand dollars, 
which he earned by a day's work at seventy- 
five cents per day. In the western and south- 
western part of this county are still stand- 
ing in fair condition houses that he built 
}ears ago. He would go to some of the 
farms where the residents were living yet in 
their cabins, cut down the trees and hew 
the timbers for the frame of a house, and in 
the fall wcjuld ha\'e the aforesaid families 
lixing in their new homes. The old maxim 
would hold good in his case, "It is not what 
we make, but what we save that makes us 
wealthy." "Old Honesty" would be a fit in- 
scription for his monument. In his will he 
gave Mrs. E. Pogue seven hundred dollars ; 
William Duck fi\e hundred : Miss Kate 
Hawkins two hundred dollars : and one bun- 
dled dollars to. Miss Bell : and the remainder 
tr the Parker heirs. 


He was a pensioner under the act of June 
I. 1832. Application was made for same 
September 15, 1832, he being then seventy- 
four years of age. The pension was granted 
May 3, 1833. He was a native of Cumber- 
land county, Pennsylvania. At the outbreak 
. of the war of the Revolution in this country 
lie was a member of Colonel Dunlap's regi- 
ment. Captain Askew's company, of the 



Pennsylvania militia. He was then a pri- 
vate soldier in that regiment. July 28. 
1777. the United States government called 
his regiment into actual service; he was 
then ])romoted to the position of orderly ser- 
geant of his company, which position he 
filled with honor for seven months and fif- 
teen days. After the war was over he emi- 
grated t<j the state of Kentucky, locating 
near Lexington, and from Kentucky lie re- 
moved to Ohio, where he arrived in 1804, 
settling in Sugarcreek township. Greene 
county. The old records of the county show 
that he was a useful man hoth in church ami 
state, and lived to a good old age, when he 
died and was buried in the Associate church 
yard. West Market street, Xenia, the site 
now co\-ered by the school house of th it 
name, lie was afterward taken up and 
l)uried on the lot of his son, Aaron Tor- 
rence, in Woodland cemetery, Xenia. Mis 
oldest son. William, was a soldier in the 
war of 1812. He had beside William three 
sons, Aaron : John, who was the father of 
Henry Torrence, ex-recorder of Greene 
county: and David, who was the father of 
Finley Torrence, of the firm of 'McDowell 
& Torrence : also four daughters, namely : 
Elizabeth. Ann. Mary and Clarissa. 


He was born on the 3d day of Septem- 
ber. 1704. in Stokes county. X^'orth Caro- 
lina. His parents were Jesse Sanders and 
Sarah Reddick. They were both natives of 
X'orth Carolina. On the 15th day of De- 
cember, 1804, the father of Jesse with bis 
family and household goods departed from 
old Carolina in wagons via Virginia and 

Lexington, Kentucky, to Cincinnati, arriv- 
ing in Greene county on the 13th day of 
February, 1805, and immediately settling in 
Sugarcreek township ( now Spring \''alley 
township) on what was then called military 
lands. He bought his land (two hundred 
and forty acres) of Colonel Xathaniel Mas- 
sie, one of the first settlers of Ross county, 
Ohio, [n 1806 he died. In December, 1807, 
his wife followed him. The oldest of the 
children, Forace, died in Laporte, Indiana, 
in 1869, having been through life a farmer 
and mechanic. John died in 1812 in Spring 
V^allev township. Jemima married Jeffrey 
Saulsbury. a farmer of Warren county, 
Ohio, and died in 1S14. Jane married Isaac 
Beason. a farmer of Wayne county, Ohio, 
and died in 1809. Susanna never married, 
and died in 1809 in Wayne cnunty, Ohio. 
Jesse, the subject of this sketch, died at his 
home in Spring Valley township, May 21, 
1880, aged eighty-eight, and is liuried in 
Woodland cemetery, Xenia. 

During the war of 1812 Mr. Sanders 
performed a cons])icui)us part as a member 
of Captain John Clark's company. He had 
thmugh life followed farming. He was 
nnirried, on the 5th day of Xovember, 1840, 
to Elizabeth Simerson, a native of this coun- 
ty. Her parents were natives of Maryland, 
and very early settlers of Greene county, 
coming in 1801. They were the parents oi 
four children. Politically he was a Demo- 
crat ; voted first for General Jackson. Re- 
ligiouslv he was by birth and early training 
a Quaker, but on account of joining the 
armv was expunged, and ever afterward pre- 
ferred to have a creed not circumscribed by 
the doctrines of any church. Mr. Sander's 
name will forever live as one of the pioneers 
of Greene countv. Ohio. 




Josiah Elam and liis wife, Sarah A. 
(Porter) Elam. settled in what is now- 
known as Spring \'alley township in the 
spring of 11-^03. Mr. Elam was a native of 
Culpeper county, Virginia, and was born in 
1753. He had in 1801, previous to his set- 
tling in O'hio come out and selected a place 
for his future home, entering one thousand 
acres of land on Caesar"s creek. He was a 
soldier in the war of the Revolution, and in 
the French and Indian war held a captain",; 
commission under General St. Clair in the 
Indian campaign of 1791. He died Feb- 
ruary 28. i8ji, aged sixty-nine years, and 
is buried in the Elam graveyard in the 
orchard in front of what was known as the 
Ambrcjse Elam farm. The old home is sit- 
uated live miles south of Xenia near the 
Burlington pike. His family consisted of 
six sons and four daughters ; one of his 
sons, John, was a soldier in the war of 1812. 
The wife of Josiah Elam died September 25, 
1850, aged seventy-nine years, and is buried 
at his side; also his wife's mother, Susanna 
Porter, who died October 21, 1821, aged 
eighty-four years. 


Henry Updyke was the eldest son of 
Captain Albert Updyke, a soldier of the 
Re\olution, from Xew Jersey. Henry was 
born in Bethlehem, Xew Jersey, Xovember 
16, 1774. and came to an untimely death by 
an accident in 1825. While digging a well 
on the Steele farm a mattock fell on him 

while he was down in the well. He was 
buried in what was known as the Methodist 
Episcopal church yard, which was on the 
southwest corner of Thomas White's farm. 
Afterward his body was removed with other 
deceased members of the family to the cem- 
etery at Dayton, Ohio. 

He built the brick house on the farm and 
owned the land on which the west part of 
Bellbrook now stands. He, with Stephen 
Bell and James Clancey, laid out the town 
in 1815. In another place in this took is a 
notice inserted in the "Vehicle," a paper 
published in Xenia in 1815, Samuel Pel- 
ham, editor, in which notice is given of the 
sale of the aforesaid lots. It is said there 
was some trouble in selecting a name for the 
place, but at length Air. Updyke suggested 
the name of Bellbrook, which was at once 
agreed upon and adopted. As can be seen, 
the town takes its name in part from the 
name of one of its founders, Stephen Bell, 
anil the latter part of it from the numerous 
streams and rivulets in that vicinity. 


In tracing the history of the old pioneers 
of the county it is a source of regret that 
our records do not extend farther back than 
1803. James Clancey's name appears on the 
roll of the first enumeration that was taken 
of the free white male inhabitants over the 
age of twenty-one. He was a native of Vir- 
ginia, and had located in what is now 
known as Sugarcreek township, Greene 
county, and on the present site of the vil- 
lage of Bellbrook some time previous to 
1803. It might be truthfully said of him 
that he was a tavern keej-jer fnmi "away 
back." As has been said elsewhere he had 


i)urchasecl tlie first cabin that Iiad been erect- 
ed by Joseph C. Vance, in 1797, to be used 
as a kitchen to his new tavern, whicli he had 
completed, to accommodate liis large and 
growing trade. His bar-room was the re- 
sort of the choice spirits, in more senses 
than one, of the surrounding country. On 
the long winter evenings they would con- 
gregate around the huge fireplace and after 
sundry visits to the bar would while away 
many hours in recounting their adventures 
\\ ith the Indians and bears as the case might 
be. Many a weary tra\-eler slaked his thirst 
and found a comfortable bed beneath their 
hospitable roof. Captains Robert McClel- 
land, .\nimi Maltbie antl Captain John Clark 
had each recruited and taken fmni the town- 
ship full companies of men, and during the 
war of 181J, and after, Clancey's tavern 
was matle "headquarters," thc\- would often 
meet here with the rank and file of their com- 
panies and fight over their battles again and 
again. So much can be gleaned and gath- 
ered here and there even after so long a 
time of this historic old township that one 
hardly knows when to stop. One petition 
of cur subject. Mr. Clancey, to kee]> tavern 
in Bellbrook. the original of which the com- 
piler of this sketch has in his possession as 
custodian of the county, we will here co])y : 
"To the honoral.ile judges of the court of 
common pleas of Greene county. The peti- 
tion of the undersigned free holders of 
Sugarcreek townshi]> humbly represent to 
yi>ur honors that we conceive a i)ublic house 
of entertainment in said township would 
conduce to the public convenience. We 
therefore recommend James Clancey. one of 
our citizens, as a man of good character and 
in e^•ery way calculated to keep a public 
house. \\ e therefiire pray your honors 

would grant him a license for that purpose 
and your petitioners as in duty bound will 
ever pray. Signed. January. the 22d, 1816, 
John Hutchison, .\ndrew Bird. Joseph Gil- 
lispie, James Gillispie, David Lamme, Will- 
iam Standley and Alexander Armstrong." 

Rev. Robert Armstrong, on his first ar- 
rival from Kentucky in answer to a call to 
become pastor of the Associate or Seceders, 
as they were then called, preached first at 
the house of James Clancey, present site of 
Bellbrook, to he following families : Esq. 
John and his brother, Joseph McKnight, 
John and Joseph C. Vance, whose son was 
afterward governor of Ohio ; Captain Na- 
than Lamme; \\'illiam and James Tanner; 
the three Snodgrass brothers, William, 
James and Robert : two Snowdens. James 
and Jacob; Abraham ^'an Eaton and others. 
.\ few of these were meml)ers of the Asso- 
ciate Reformed and Presbyterian churches, 
but were glad to listen to ^Ir. Armstrong. 

About 182P Mr. Clancey removed to near 
Flat Rock, Indiana, with his family, all but 
I'.is son. Dr. James Clancey. Jr.. who had 
about one vear previous formed an alliance 
fur life with the daughter of Dr. William 
Frazier, which event reads as follows : "Au- 
gust 12, 1819. married at the home of the 
bride, Mr. James Clancey, Jr., to Miss Sarah 
Frazier, daughter of Dr. William Frazier." 

James Clancey. Sr.. on his arrival at his 
new home. Flat Rock, Indiana, purchased 
eightv acres of land, and not far from the 
creek erected his cabin, where he continued 
to reside near two of his former Greene 
county nighbors, Mr. Van Pelt and Mr. 
Avery, until 1822, when his life's work was 
done and he was called home, and was buried 
in the graveyard not far from his home, 
where Conn's creek empties into Flat Rock. 



Back fruni the mcutli of Conn's creek in the 
fork thus formed was the graveyard in 
which was iiut away all that was mortal of 
James Clancey, Sr. After his deatli his two 
sons. CJeorg^ and William, returned to their 
old home. Rev. J. F. Hutchison, of Xenia, 
is a grandson of Mr. Clancev, and many 
other citizens here and elsewhere are the de- 
scendants of this grand old pioneer. The 
first election ever held in Sugarcreek town- 
sliij) was by order of the court held in the 
house of James Clancey, and it was for 
years the voting place of the .'ownshi;,. 


Stephen Bell was born in Xew Jersey, 
August J 8, 1774. and was married to Aliss 
HannalT Scudder in Lycoming county, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1795. Of this union there were 
born ele\ en children, viz. ; John S., Will- 
iam, Charles, Aaron, Rebecca, Mary, 
Xaoini, Permelia, Casander, Benjamin ant! 
Franklin J. Little is known of his early 
da\s except that he learned the trade of a 
millwright in the east, and there being a 
demand f^r that kind of skilled labor in the 
west he with his family mo\-ed to Ohio in 
the early ])art of 1812, stopping for a short 
time (jn the James Trnvler farm west of 

.\I)out 1813 or J 8 14 he bought out and 
iiKjvcd on the farm now owned by Jacob 
Haines, living on that property at the time 
of the marriage of his five daughters, so you 
can imagine the (dd property has seen some 
fun within its walls. He worked at his 
trade while living there and helped to t)uild 
several mills on the Miami river, and also 
built a mill for Henry Updyke on Sugar 
creek just above the Escj. Ferguson prop- 
erty. The older Bellbrook "boys" can yet 

remember the old frame where so often they 
have played "hide and seek" after it played 
out as a mill. About the year 18 15 Stephen 
Bell and Henry Updyke purchased of James 
Snowden the southeast of centei of section 
2 (2.6) ; the lands embraced all of east part 
of the above section, being then all the west- 
ern part of Bellbrook. The town had been 
surveyed and laid otif in lots and a notice 
sent to Mr. Samuel Pelham. editor of the 
Vehicle, a paper publisheil in Xenia. calling 
attention to tlie new town, anil also to the 
date when the sale would take place. 


Taken from the "Xenia V'ehicle,"" a pa- 
per published in Xenia, 1815, owned by 
James Galloway, Samuel Pelham, editor ; 


The subscribers hax'ing laid out the town 
of Bellbrook in the county of Greene. Sugar- 
creek township, on the great mad that leads 
by James Clancey's ta\-ern, leading from 
Lebanon to Urbana, and where the road 
crosses leading from Franklin to Wilming- 
ton. The lots in said town will be sold at 
public sale to the highest bidder on Satur- 
day, the 7th day of October, ensuing. Tlie 
terms of the sale will l)e made kn(jwn on 
the day of sale. The situation of the town 
is healthy^ and convenient to springs which 
can be easily conveyed through the town. 
Saw and grist mills within a mile, .\djoin- 
ing the town lands is a stream of water on 
which all kinds of machinery may be erect- 
ed. Signed, September 19, 1813. 

Stephen Bell. 

Henry Updyke. 

J.\me.s Clancey. 
Sale to be Octoljer 7. 1815. 



Tlie limits of the town as then laid out 
extended north to the alley that runs be- 
tween the properties of George Webb and 
Samuel Willi lUi^'hliy. On the ■ixcst to the 
street that runs from this alley south. On 
the south to what is known as the lower 
street. And on the east to the street that runs 
frum the southeast corner of David Rape's 
lot north to a large rock that still is to be 
seen a little west of the two apple trees on 
"HoiikiiTs Hill." The lots were in Xo. 84, 
each fi)ur rods wide and ten rods long on 
each side of Main street. The first sale 
of lots on the date above stated took place; 
Aaron Xutt, an old pioneer of Centerville, 
Montgomery county, Ohio, was the auction- 
eer on this occasion. 

Mr. Bell about the year 1832 or 1833 
sold this farm where his children had grown 
up to manhood and womanhood and liought 
a farm across the road (reaching from the 
south line of the new cemetery to the north 
line of the Lewis Kemp farm, and on which 
is built all that, part of the town east of 
North Main street ) from the venerable 
Judge Jdlrn McLane. on which stood the 
tavern then kept by William Edwards. 
where the young men and maidens often met 
to while awav the evening hours in the d^un- 
try dance. 

In 1838 ]\rr. I'ell had a se\-ere attack of 
western fever, and Iowa then being the El- 
dorado of Xnrth America he sold his farm 
to Ca])tain John C. Mur|)h\'. intending to 
move there, but his wife dying in May, 1839, 
changed his iilans for his future course in 
life. He served one term in the legislature 
of Ohio as a representative from Greene 
county. From 182J to 1828 he served 
Greene county as one of her county com- 
missioners. In 1839 he married the widow 

Daughterty, of Springfield, Ohio, and made 
that place his home, where he was an hon- 
ored citizen, serving as the first mayor of the 
city, and afterward li\ing a quiet, unassum- 
ing life until the time of his death, May 14, 
1852, It is said that Mr. Bell in his old 
age, knowing that time with him would 
soon close, and having a mental dread of 
being laid away in the cold, cold ground, 
where no kindly eye or loving friends could 
ever see him again, he had a vault built in 
the Green Mount cemetery east of the cit\', 
corner of Main street and Green Mount 
avenue, Springfield, Ohio. He was placed 
therein and there he is to-day resting to ail 
appearances as natural as the day he fell 
asleep. One of his great-grandsons visited 
the vault a few days ago, and on coming 
home remarked, "How much grandfather 
looks like Uncle Benedict."' The body was 
petrified. Mr. Bell was also a soldier in the 
war of 1812, under Cajstain Robert Mc- 

E.\-.\SSOCI.\TE JLDOl-: JOll.X MC l..\XE. 

John McLane entered the land on which 
\\'illiam Huston now resides. His cabin, 
which was erected near the site of the pres- 
ent residence, was rudeh- constructed of 
rough logs. He was a bachelor, and here 
with no other companion but a dog and his 
rifle he lived. Often at night, while repos- 
ing on his lonely couch, he heard coming 
from the depths of the forest solitude around 
him the piercing scream of the wild cat and 
the hungry hcui of the w-olf. To protect 
himself from these beasts he each night 
made and kept a large fire in front of the en- 
trance to his abode. Even at that day he 
was known as a "queer genius." and many 



are the anecdotes told of his eccentricity. 
One of these we will relate. While at vari- 
ous log rollings in the sui:rounding country 
he had heard the settlers boasting much of 
tiie prowness of their dogs in fighting wild 
cats. This made IMcLane feel a little en- 
vious, and one day while out hunting his 
dogs treed one of these animals. Xijthing 
could have pleased John better, and he im- 
mediately set about to see what kind of wild 
cat dogs his were. Setting his gun by the 
side of a tree he Ijegan to climb tiie one 
"outer was the cat," but he had not climbed 
within more than ten feet of the "varmint" 
when it rolled up its back, set its hairs all 
the wrong way and looked him right in the 
eye. He tried to draw off its attention, but 
no, said he, "No whar would it look but 
right in mc c\-e." He licgan to descend the 
tree slowly and cautiously at first but more 
rapidly as he neared the ground. Once 
again on solid earth he grasped his rifle and, 
after (|uieting the "buck ager" that had ta- 
ken possession of him, brought it to his 
shoulder and sent the ball crashing through 
the brain of his foe. He used to sa_\' when 
relating" this adventure that it was the only 
time in his life that he was "skared," and 
that it was the first and last time that he 
e\er tried to shake a ])ainter "offen" a tree. 
John ]\lcLane came from Lexington, 
Kentucky, and entered the land where his 
body lies buried. He came some time jire- 
\-ious to 1803, as his name appears on the 
records at that date. 'J'he associate judges 
a])piiinted him on the 15th of Xovember, 
1804. to be (3ne of the commissioners in 
place of Jcihn Sterritt, who bad resigned. 
We also find that he was one of the associate 
judges nf (ireene county, and while he may 
not have lieen a well educated man, he was 

a man of good judgment and sterling 
worth. It is said of him that being a 
bachelor, and having no children of bis own, 
he used to speak his mind pretty freel_\- when 
speaking of our legislators, who would enact 
a law that would compel him to pay for 
schooling other people's children, and de- 
nominated such as "a set of dung-hill gods," 
from which he jirayed to be delix'ered. 


The compiler of this sketch paid a visit 
to liis tomb one bright day in June, 1899, 
and was well repaid for the \isit. Leaving 
the cars at Shoup's Station, on the Pan- 
handle Railroad, I started from there due 
sou:th toward !Mt. Zion church, which is 
about two miles fri:)m said station. I stopped 
at the home of Capt. Benjamin Darst to 
inquire as to where was the tomb of John 
McLane, and was told that it was at least 
three miles from his home, and "Yonder is 
my horse and in that shed is my buggy : you 
.shall not walk," and, in almost as short a 
time as it takes me tt^ write abotit it, the 
captain had me seated in his buggy. "And 
now for the direction: keep right on the di- 
rection south, that \'ou ha\'e been in coming 
here: cross the p'ike that leads past ]\It. Zion, 
contiinie the same direction until you come 
to another pike that leads toward Dayton; 
tiu-n to the right and go about two miles, 
which will lead you to where, on your right 
hand, you will find a building that used to be 
the "toll-gate house:" at that place near you 
w ill find a narrow lane on the right : drive 
north about one-half mile and in the woods 
on the left you will find it." I did not for- 
get a single direction that the captain gave 
me, and was soon there. .\nd, clim1)ing the 



fence, soon had transferred fnim the tomb- 
stone to my book tlie following : "Here hes 
the remains of John McLane, who died Uc- 
tol>er 21, 1848, aged eight} -three years and 
ele\-en months. 

Let no one disturl) my humlile C(jt, nor 

i)realv my peacefnl rest, — 
Till corrupt earth shall be no more, and 

saints be continuously blest." 

With the words that I have copied from 
liis liroken tombstone still ringing in my ears 
" Let no one distiuMj my iuimble cot", it 
looked as though his wish had been respect- 
ed, and for fifty-one years no one had been 
near that lonely grave. Back from the lane, 
over the fence I had worked my way among 
the thick underlinish and \'ines, and there 
about twelve feet from the fence was a stone 
enclosure about four feet in height, the walls 
two feet thick, the end next to the east about 
eight feet from out to out, and twelve feet 
long from out to out, the one acre of ground 
that had been reserved for a burial place. 
It looked as though in the past the primitive 
lorcst had been cut off, and the present 
growth of trees had grown to their present 

The walls tlial kind friends had erected 
around where his bodv had been laid were 
broken and had fallen inward from either 
side, and had hid from \"iew the grave of 
John IMcLane. Out from among the stones 
had sprung up grape \-ines at least two inch- 
es in diameter. The tombstone was broken, 
/)ne half of whicli was supported and kept 
from falling by the \-ines aforesaid. The 
woiid in which this one acre of ground had 
T)een reserved and in which was the tomb, 
<loes not look unlike it did wdien its owner 

used to travel through it near one hundred 
years ago, 'Tis true tlie white man has 
destroyed the wild game that was so plen- 
tiful in the days of Mr. IsIcLane l>nt the face 
of nature remains unchanged ; as you stand 
and gaze, the silence of this spot seems un- 
broken and while standing alone you almost 
expect to see some of the objects that used 
to be seen, to hear the cry of t!ie wild cat. 
or the howling of the wolf. 'Tis a scene 
both wild and wierd and well repaws a visit. 


John C. Hale was a son of James Hale, 
who was lx)rn in England in 17,17. He first 
settled in Baltimore county, Maryland, in 
1767. He removed to Blair county, Penn- 
s} Ixania. How long he resided in the latter 
Plate is not certain. He removed from Penn- 
sylvania to Mason county, Kentucky, where 
he died in iSor or 1802. His home in Ken- 
tuckv was on Clark's run not far from 
P>rant's Station, nine miles from ]\Iaysville. 
John Hale had taken to him.self as wife Miss 
Catherine Baird, who was born in 1774, and 
was of Welsh descent. Of this marriage 
there were born eight children : Rebecca, 
Joseph, Lydia, John, Hannah, James, Thom- 
as and Silas. 

In 1802 the widow came to what was 
tlnn the Northwestern territory with her 
cliildren and settled in that parr that is no\v 
known as the great state of Ohio, county 
of Greene and Sugarcreek town-^hi]j. In the 
first enumeration of the male inhabitants 
over the age of twenty-one taken by James 
Collier and completed August 10. 1803. we 
find the names of three of Mr. Hale's chil- 
dren, who were of the required age, name- 
ly : Joseph, John and Thomas. James 



Hale"s name appearing first on tlie list of 
voters October, 1805. and Silas, the last son, 
voting for the first time in April. 1826. 
After 1810 none are left in tlie county save 
John and his son. Silas Hale. Jr. In the 
year 1802 John Hale built a log cabin on the 
present site of the residence of William 
Lansing. In this cabin our late venerable 
friend, Silas Hale. Jr.. was born, and near 
it. when a child, he matle a narrow escape 
from being devoured by a hungry bear, but 
through the efiforts of his mother he was 
rescued. The floor of this cabin was made 
of planks sawed out by hand, there being 
a; that time no sawmills in the neighbor- 
hood, and but few in the county. This cabin 
was afterward torn down, hauled to Bell- 
brook and re-erected by Joseph Gillespie at 
the rear of tlie house in which ^Irs. \'aughn 
used to live. The method of sawing plank 
in that day was novel : the log was first hewn 
square, then lined on two opposite sides, one 
erid of it was raised to a scaffoling, so that 
it stood on such an incline as to admit of 
one standing under and another on top of 
the log both using the saw with ease. Those 
days have passed and gone, and the savage 
"swish" of the saw as it is drawn by steam 
or water power is now heard in the land. 
John Hale, the subject of this sketch, re- 
moved from the county to Kosciusko 
county. Indiana, in 1838. He was born 
Xovenil)er 25, 1775, and died in Kosciusko 
county September 25, 1845, 3'"^^! was buried 
in the Dunkard graveyard in Jackson town- 
ship, that county. 

Silas Hale, Jr., son of John, took unto 
himself as a wife, Miriam Updyke, daugh- 
ter of Henry and Catherine Updyke. .-'v 
sketch of Henry Updyke as one of the foun- 
ders of the town of Bellbrook appears in 

this book. To Silas Hale and liis wife were 
born ten children, seven sons antl three 
daughters. Mr. Hale was born August 26, 
1803, and died June 20, 1889. Mrs. Hale, 
the widow of Silas, was born February 5, 
1814. and was in 1S99 still living, and it ;s 
hoped that she will l>e left for many years 
to be what she ever has been, a source of 
pleasure to her numerous friends, children 
and grandchildren. To the descendants yet 
living of this family it is a pleasure to meet 
them, and kindly thoughts of them you will 
have when j-ou say g(X)dbye. 


Moses Walton, one of the pioneers of 
Greene county, was born i;>n the 27th day u' 
June, 1809, in what is now Spring \"alley 
township. His parents were Edward Wal- 
ton and Deborah Allen. His father was one 
of the earliest pioneers of Greene county, 
coming in 1806 from Virginia. He was 
born on the 30th of January, 1777, in Shen- 
andoah county, Virginia, and belonged to a 
family who bore their part in the Revolution. 
The Walton family, of four brothers, orig- 
inally came from England, and in 1664 set- 
tled near Philadelphia. They were the ad- 
vance of William Penn's Quaker colony. 
Tlie Walton family to-day. on both sides, 
hold to the creed of their forefathers. The 
father of the subject of this sketch departed 
this life on the 10th day of April. 1867. in 
Spring Valley township, having reached the 
advanced age of ninety years and seven 
months, and was buried in the Caesarscreek 
Friends' churdi^ard. south of New Burling- 
ton. He had through life been a farmer, 
and a man of stanch integrity and useful- 
ness in society. At the age of twenty-two 



Mcses began life on liis own resources as a 
farmer, in Spring \'alle}', wh^re he ever 
afterward resided. On the 30th day of Oc- 
tol)er, iiS34, lie was united in marriage to 
Mary Cook, a daugliter of John Cook, one 
of the first pioneers of Warren county. She 
died March 13. 1844, aged twenty-eight 
years, leaving h\e children. On the ist of 
October Mr. Walton was united in marriage 
to ivachel Reagon, a daughter of Reason 
Reagon, one of the early pioneers of War- 
ren county, Oliio. She died April Jo. 1844, 
aged twenty-three years, leaving one child. 
Mr. Walton was united in marriage to De- 
borah Johnson, a daughter of Josepli .\. 
Ji'hnson. an early ])ioneer of Highland coun- 
ty, on the 19th of Sei)teml)er, 1849. ^'''• 
;ii;d Mrs. Walt<in were the parents of eight 
cliildren. Mr. Walton died January 8. 1887, 

in his sexenty-seventh year. 



His name is found upon the records of 
(jreene county. Ohi(j, first in the enumera- 
tion of the inhabitants of Sugarcreek town- 
ship of the year 1S20. At that time he was 
the owner of lots Xos. 9, lO and 28 in the 
town of Bellbrnok. and afterward ran a 
hotel in that place, and was also constable 
in Sugarcreek township. "On the 30th of 
Ainil. 1827, personally appeared in court 
( ilie court of common pleas lor the county 
of Greene, being a court of record in the 
seventh circuit of the state of Ohio) Rich- 
ard Cunningham, a resident ot said county, 
aged seventv years, who tirst being duly 
sworn, according to law. doth on his oath 
say and make the following declaration in. 
order to obtain the priivision made by the 

acts of congress of the 18th of ^larch, 
1 818, and the i8th of May, 1820, "That he, 
the said Richard Cunningham, enlisted for 
the term of three years, some time in the 
spring of the year 1777, in Franklin coun- 
t\ , in the state of Pennsylvania, in the com- 
pany commanded by Captain Crawford, in 
the regiment commanded by Colonel Dun- 
lap, in the line of the state of Pennsylvania 
on the military continental establishment. 
As well as his recollection serves him, lie 
knows that at the battle of Brandywine he 
was commanded by Colonel IJunlap, but at 
the battle of Germantown he w as under the 
coinmand of General Armstrong. Then 
when that part of the army to which he be- 
longed went into winter cpiarters at \'alley 
Forge he was detained to drive a public 
team, which he followed for a consideraljle 
time, after which he was attached to and did 
duty in a ril1e company under various of- 
ficers, in scouting or spying parties: the 
names of these latter officers he does not 
now recollect. That he continued to serve 
in this latter species of service until the ex- 
piration of his term of service, when he was 
honorably discharged at the town of Lan- 
caster, in the state of Pennsylvania, having 
previously received a certificate in the state 
of New Jerse_\'. .Soon after his discharge 
he volunteered his services for one year, and 
served as a rifleman for that time in scouting, 
spying, etc. He was afterw-ards out for 
nine months in General Mcintosh's cam- 
l-aign against the Indians as a pack-horse 
man. and served one year in the late war 
{1812) under Lieutenant John Hopkins, of 
the corps of rangers (I think from Warren 
countv, Oliio)." He had one son by his sec- 
ond wife. Richard S. Cunningliam, who at 
this time (1827) was fifteen \-ears of age. 


His pension was ailmved. and he was placed 
on tlie roll May 4. iS^^^. His pension com- 
menced ^larch 4. 1831, at the rate of eighty 
dollars per year. 

TO 1899. 

The following is taken from the "Fjell- 
brook ^loon :" "One hundred years ago 
Cyrus Sackett, accompanied by his wife and 
three children, came from Kentucky and set- 
tled on wiiat has been known in later years 
as the Alexander Sackett farm. Mr. Sackett 
bought this farm of one hundred and fifty 
acres at two dollars per acre. They arrived 
there on October 17, at three o'clock in the 
afternoon. The land was then covered with 
dense forests. He, however, cleared a small 
space, where they pitched their tents made 
of bed clothes, in which they managed to 
live for some time. Mr. Sackett then built 
a log cabin, which was called a round-log 
cabin, in which they lived for several years. 
He then built a large hewed-log house, 
wliicli was at that time considered \-erv fine. 
Here INlr. Sackett and wife spent the re- 
mainder of their lives. After their death the 
farm was di\ided into two parts and sold. 
Alexander Sackett bought the eastern part eig-bty acres, and Preston Poaguc 
bought the remainder of the farm, which is 
now owned l)y the heirs of the late Benjamin 
Vaughan. Alexander Sackett held this farm 
in his possession until his death, which oc- 
curred April TO, 1893. The farm was then 
purchased ji^intlv 1;\- Phineas \\'ilson and 
Emily Sackett, grandchildren of Cyrus 
Sackett. The farm remained in their pos- 
session until the end of the year 1899, when 
they sold it to Jacob Carey. Thus it passed 

out of the Sackett name after being in their 
possession one hundred years, two months 
and eighteen days. This is a very rare oc- 

In tile old Baptist grax'eyard about one 
mile south of the village of Bellbrook lies all 
that is mortal of Cyrus Sackett, Sr. Many 
more of historic worth also are buried there ; 
among the number are Rev. Josiah Carman, 
the veteran pioneer Baptist preacher, Cap- 
tain Ammi Maltbie, who made a name for 
himself in the war of 1812, Andrew Byrd, 
Sr., and others. Mr. Cyrus Sackett, Sr., 
died at his home July 13. 1846, aged eighty- 
three years, leaving his wife. Xancy, and the 
following children : sens. Alexander, Jo- 
seph, Samuel and Cyrus Sackett, Jr. ; daugh- 
ters, Sarah Hand, Mrs. Anna Hoblet and 
]Mrs. Poague. 


Was Ixjrn in 1754 and died }ilay 21, 1S49. 
at the good old age of ninety-five years. He 
was a native of Penns_\I\-ania, and at the 
time of the Revolutionary war was a private 
soldier in the Pennsylvania militia. The 
records on file in the pension office at Wash- 
ington, D. C, show that he was drawing a 
pension, and was then a resident of Greene 
county, Ohio. His annual allowance was 
se\enty-six dollars and sixty-six cents. He 
applied for the pension May 4, 1831, being 
al that time se\'enty-nine years old, and he 
was placed on the roll October 12, 1833. 
.\fter the close of the war he removed first 
to \'irginia. and from that state in 1820 to 
Ohio, settling in Greene county, where he 
continued to live until his death. 

He had (piite a large family. His sons 



were a liard-working, Imnest set of men. 
Just over tlie line in Clinton ctiunty, near 
Luniljerton. is a l)eaiitiful little cemetery; in 
that lies all that is mortal of this old hero, 
George Hiney. .\t his side lies his wife, 
Mary, who died September 22, 1858, aged 
eighty-one years. His son Henry also lies 
there: he died Septeml)er 24, 1869. at the 
age of eighty years. 


The gathering of the pioneers of Greene 
county in what is known as Beavercreek 
township, August 2, 1803. The wheat har- 
vest had been gathered by many of the early 
pioneers in the young count}-. Work by 
manv had licen laid aside, and some had re- 
ceived notice to ap])ear at the house of Owen 
Davis, which was situated five and one-half 
miles west of the now city of Xenia, on the 
farm now (1900) known as the Harbine 
farm. Others came out of curiosity ; some 
few had come in the night before, and were 
the guests of mine host, Peter Borders, who 
was at that time the tenant of Owen Davis, 
who was ready to supply the wants of both 
man and l>east with the necessities of life 
arid comfort. Some had traveled far 
through the trackless forest. Tomorrow 
v.ould be a great day in the history of the 
new made county and of Beavercreek town- 
ship. Three months previous there had been 
a gathering. May 10, 1803, for the purpose 
of organizing the county into townships and 
other matters pertaining to starting the 
wheels of the county government. But this 
da}- had lieen spoken of among the few 
hardy settlers as they would meet to assist 
each other in the erection of their cabin 
homes in the few townships then organized ; 

tomorrow would l>e a chance to meet hardy 
men like themselves, representatives from 
the four townships which constituted Cireene 
county. This day was to be a countv re- 

It was to l)e a great day in the county, 
and the people were gathered in large num- 
bers ; here was the presiding judge, and his 
associates, prosecuting attorney and grand 
jury; here was the coiui: house and jury 
room, and also the tavern of Peter Borders, 
whose bar was well supplied with whisky. 
What was the meaning of this gathering? 
The lirst court of common pleas for the new 
made county of Greene was to meet to-day. 
And it had been said on one occasion previ- 
ous to this, "there were giants in those 
days," so could it lie said i>f the cian-t and 
grand jury truthfully that had assembled 
at the house of Owen Davis on this oc- 
casion. And as the court has met. and the 
business of the dav conmienced, we will step 
inside and proceed to introduce the members 
of the court. First, the presiding judge 
is the 


This is his first visit to Greene county, 
which is one of the points on his circuit, 
which he continued to travel until 1817. A 
Virginian Ijy liirth, he was born near Win- 
chester, December 31, 1761. His father, 
Anthony Dunlavy, came from Ireland in 
1745. and took for a helpmate Hannah 
White, sister of Judge Alexander White, of 
Virginia. Of this marriage there were four 
sons and four daughters. Francis was the 
oldest son. He was a soldier in the war of 
the Revolution, was also twice a member of 



the legislature of the Xorthwestern terri- 
tory, and also a member of the convention 
that formed the first constitution of the state 
of Ohio, and was also a member of the first 
legislature of Ohio. The next member of 
the ciiurt is the 


One of the associate judges, who was nut 
unknown to the presiding judge, for both 
of them Ivad been members of the first legis- 
lature of Ohio, which had met ]\Iarch i. 
1803, at Chillicothe. Mr. Dunlavy was a 
member of the senate and Mr. Maxwell a 
member of the house, but in matters which 
■called for a joint session were brought face 
to face. This explains another item of his- 
tory. Mr. Ala.xwell being a member of the 
body that formulated and passed the act 
creating the new counties of Butler, Warren, 
Montgomery and Greene, whilst in the leg- 
islature had received the appointment of as- 
sociate judge, along with Benjamin White- 
man and James Barrett, and while there had 
taken the oath of office. When the court 
met "Slay 10, 1803, he administered the same 
to his two associates. I\Ir. Maxwell was 
akso a soldier, and he is said to have pub- 
lished the first paper printed in Cincinnati. 
He was a "resident of what is now known as 
Bea\ercreek township, Greene county, at the 
time be is credited as being a representati\'e 
from Hamilton county, Ohio. 

Mr. Maxwell resigned as associate judge 
and accepted the ofifice of sheriff' of Greene 
county, in place of Captain Nathan Lamme, 
who had first been appointed and served 
six months. He continued to act as sheriff 
imtil 1807. when he was relieved by Colonel 
James Collier, who had been his faithful 

deputy. It was while ]\Ir. Ma.xwell was 
sheriff, in 1806, that the notorious fight oc- 
curred between Ben Kizer and Aaron Beall. 
Mr. Maxwell in his attempt to uphold the 
majesty of the law rushed into the ring to 
stop the fight, received a blow that sent him 
reeling and bleeding from the ring. 

The next one sitting near Mr. Maxwell 
is one upon whose face if you once gazed 
you would li->ok again, attracted by his fine 
military look and bearing; that man was the 
companion of Daniel Boone and Simon Ken- 
ton, and is well known by all present as a 
brave soldier, 


Another of the three associate judges of 
Greene county, and son-in-law of Owen 
Davis, the owner of the building in which 
the court is being held, which building 
General \\'hiteman had erected for his fa- 
ther-in-law in 1799. He is at this time in 
the prime of life in his thirty-fourth year. 
He was liorn on the 12th day of March, 
1769, in the city of Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania. AX'hen but thirteen years of age he 
had emigrated to Kentucky, about seven 
years after the first white settlement had 
been made by Colonel Daniel Boone, and 
settled near Limestone (now Maysville). 
He himself says he came to Beavercreek 
township in 1799. 

Th.e ne.xt and last associate judge sitting 
near Mr. Whiteman is 


He was a native of Virginia, and on 
coming to this township in 1802 his family 
consisted of his good wife Elsie and four 



cliiUlrcn. two sons, James and Philip, and 
dangliters Eleanor and Hannah. He was at 
this time well up in years, and the inlirmities 
of age were beginning to show that he had 
reached the top of the hill and had com- 
menced going down. In cuming into the 
township he located on the land better known 
as the farm of Robert Tate, nortiiwest of 
the present village of Bellbrook, being south 
part of section 9 (2.6). His boys were hale, 
hearty fellows, James at this time being 
twenty-one years old, and I'liilip nineteen, 
and as they all had their Imme in common 
the father and mother were well cared for. 
Mr. Barrett and his family in first coming to 
Hamilton county settled on Dick creek in 
what afterward was ] hitler county. 

The next member of the court that at- 
tract.-; our attention is that distinguished 
looking man that is present to act as pros- 
ecuting attorney, the 


A former native of Xew York, who had 
emigrated early to the Northwestern terri- 
tory, and had settled in what proved to be 
Hamilton county. He ha<l Ijeen chosen to 
represent Hamilton county in the first ses- 
sion of the legislature which met at Chilli- 
cothe. March i, 1803, and was a member 
of the senate of said body, and here it was 
that "Hon." was first prefi.xed to his name. 
He makes the fourth member of that honor- 
able body that is now present at this first 
court of common pleas, which met at the 
house of Peter Borders.. The others are His 
Honor Francis Dunlavy, of \\'arren coun- 
ty ; John Paul, the etificient clerk of the court 
and whose home was at this time at what is 
now known as Trebein's Station, where he 

first settfed when, in 1800, he came to (ireene 
county. Here Mr. Paul had. as it were, har- 
nessed the waters of the Little Miami to 
run his sawmill, and it was known at the 
time as "Paul's mill." These three, a short 
time before, were members of the senate, 
and William Maxwell, of whom we have 
sjxjken l>efore, was a member nf tlie hini^e 
of that first legislature. 

Over the hill southeast of where the hon- 
orable court is now sitting is the home, and 
was when he was in this first legislature of 
Ohio, of William Ma.xwell. "Honor to 
whom honor is due." History says that 
Messrs. Paul and Maxwell were members 
from Plamilton county, which was in part 
true, nevertheless they were residents at the 
time of what is now known as Greene 

Mr. Symms continued to represent Ham- 
ilton county, and was the s])eaker of the 
senate for the years 1804 and 1805. 


Over in the corner sit the members of the 
grand jury, a fine looking" body of men. 
Sugarcreek township is well represented on 
said jury. Out of the fourteen. Sugarcreek 
has seven, namely, Joseph C. Vance, John 
Wilson. William Buckles, Abraham Van 
Eaton. James Snodgrass, Robert Marshall 
and Alexander Armstrong. ?ilad River 
township for some cause was not represented 
on this first "grand jury." Caesarscreek 
was represented by William I. Stewart, w-ho 
was cliosen as foreman, and Martin Men- 
denhall and Joseph Wilson. Beavercreek 
township, in which the court was being held, 
was represented by John Judy, E\-an JNlor- 
gan, Jolm Buckhannon and Harry Martin. 




Son uf George and Chaiiutte Shoup. was 
born in Frederick county, ^Maryland, on the 
I St day of October, 1793. and emigrated to 
Greene county in the spring of 1805. His 
life was one of usefuhiess, and his kind and 
genial disposition won for him the good will 
of all. He was a faithful minister in the 
German Baptist church fur more than fifty 
years. He was married to Elizabeth ]\Iil- 
ler in the year 1818, and with whom he 
lived more than fifty years. She died in 
1877. Mr. Shoup died ]\Iay 7, 1880, in his 
eighty-seventh year, and is buried at ;\It. 
Zion churchyard. His grandfather, Martin 
Shoup. was a native of Switzerland, and his 
three sons, George and Solomon settled in 
Beavercreek township, whilst Samuel made 
his home in Bath township the short time 
that he lived after coming to Ohio. He died 
at his home in Bath township, July 18, 1812, 
aged fory years, and is Imried along side of 
his wife, Dorothy, who died March 28, 1837, 
at the age of sixty-four years. Both are 
buried in what is known as the "Cost grave- 
vard," in sight of Fairfield, Bath township, 
Ohio. George Shoup, Sr., father of ]\Ioses 
Shoup. was the father of the following chil- 
dren : Moses, George, Solomon, David, 
and one daughter, Mary Hawk, living in 
Frederick county, ^Maryland. Rev. Moses 
Shoup" s children who arrived at adult age 
consisted of the following: One son, Daniel 
M. Shoup, and daughters. Airs. Charlotte 
Coy. Mrs. Catharine Gearhart, Mrs. Sarah 
Wampler, Mrs. Harriet Brubaker and Mrs. 
Rebecca Ann Darst. 


Mr. Allisi n was a soldier in the war of 

1812. He was married to ]^Iiss Mary Cad- 
well in Xurthumberland county, Pennsyl- 
vania, December 17, 1816, and in the fall 
of 1820 he, with his wife and two children, 
emigrated to Ohio, settling first in Franklin, 
Warren county. They came in true emi- 
grant style with wagon and four horses at- 
tached, and were six weeks making the jour- 
ney. After residing in Franklin two years 
the family removed to Beavercreek town- 
ship, Greene county, in tiie year 1822, and 
settled near what is known as Harbine's 
Station, and continued to live there until 
the year 1S34, when they removed to Shel- 
by county, Ohio, into what might be termed 
then the back woods of Ohio, and for a 
number of years endured all the hardships of 
frontier life. Mr. Allison died and was 
Ijuried in Shelby county. For a while 
when they \\\td in Beavercreek town- 
ship they resided in that ever to be 
rememljered house, the house of Peter 
Borders. Greene county's first place vi 
holding courts. And here in this house some 
of their children were born. After the death 
of Mr. Allison the mother was left with a 
family of nine children, the care of which 
was thrown upon her, and well did she do 
her part. Mrs. Allison's parents emigrated 
from the north of Ireland in 1782 to Cum- 
berland county, Pennsylvania, and were of 
the highest type of Scotch Presbyterians, 
and she inherited all the traits of character 
peculiar to that race of people to a very liigh 
degree. In 1882 six of her children were 
living, three sons and three daughters. 
James, the eldest, when quite a boy, learned 
the mercantile business with Samuel Puter- 
baugh : William, the well known insurance 
agent ; and Samuel, manufacturer of liinder 
twine : also another son. Robert, who emi- 



grated tci Kansas, settling at Olatlia, thirty- 
five miles south of Kansas City, Missouri. 


I*"ew families have been as successful in 
tracing their ancestors back to "the long 
ago" as lias been the case with this honored 
famil}-. i'he history as gleaned here an<l 
there reads almost like the beginning of fic- 
tion. The Harbine family descended from 
the Huguenots, and their early ancestors 
were driven from their native France to 
lands where thev might wnrship according 
to the dictates of their own consciences. 
Three families of that name left their native 
lands about the \ear 1700. One family set- 
tled in Algiers, where a small town now 
now bears their name. The other two came 
to the United States, one settling in West 
Virginia, and the dther in Herks county, 
Penns_\-lvania. Peter Harbine was at the 
head of the Jast family spoken of. and was 
the ancestor of our Greene county Harbines. 
Briefly fullowing out the Scrijjtnral form. 
we would say of John Harbine. he was the 
son of Daniel, who was the son of Adam, 
who was the son of Peter Harliine. who in 
1749 purchased a tract of land from Thom- 
as and William Penn in the then province 
of Pennsylvania. Daniel Harbine, Sr., had 
removed to Washington county, Maryland, 
where. January 17. 1804, the subject of this 
sketch, John Harbine, was born, and there 
continued to reside until the year 1828. He 
was married in Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
vania. August 21. 1827. to Miss Hester 
Herr, and the year following, with his young 
wife, started for their new home. They 
drove through in a carriage, and not long 

after Mr. Harbine"s arrival he purchased 
the land on which stood the first court house 
for Greene county, in Beavercreek township. 
They moved intO' the building thus obtained, 
and the husband occupied himself as miller 
and owner of the Owen Da\-is mill, the first 
that was built in Greene county. He con- 
tinued milling for some years, and finally 
built extensive oil, flour and woolen mills, 
together with the store, and became largely 
interested in the grain trade in .\enia. He 
also had two mills on the Miami river, 
where was erected the first cotton factory of 
this section, ami was largely interested in 
the dexelopment of the lurni)ike system, be- 
sides being instrumental in securing the 
building of the Little Miami road. He was 
warmly interested in the establishment of 
schools. Politically he was' a Whig, and 
later a Republican. Religiously he was a 
prominent member of the Reformed church. 
To him and his estimable wife there was 
born a family of eight children, ail of whom 
grew to mature years : Daniel R. ; Jacob 
H.. who i« still a resident of the old home; 
Marv E.. who was married to David G. 
Steele; Hattie M.. wh< became the wife of 
the Hon. John ^filler: Sarah J. married Dr. 
William Hagenbaugh : Anna C.. the wife of 
George Smith ; J. Thomas ; and B. F. Har- 

June 8, 1873, after a life of usefulness, 
the father, John Harbine. died. .\t the age 
of eighteen he was received into full com- 
munion with the Reformed church at St. 
PauFs church, near Clear Springs. Mary- 
land. The esteem in which he was held as 
a citizen and neighbor was exinced by the 
large procession that followed his remains 
to their last resting place in \\'oodland cem- 
etery. Xenia. Ohio. 




At the September term of the court of 
common pleas of Greene county. Ohio, in 
tlie year 1821 personally appeared in open 
court before the court of common pleas 
Thomas Davis, aged sixty-five years last 
January, a resident of Bath township, in the 
county of Cireene aforesaid, who being 
sworn according to law doth on his oath de- 
clare that he served in the Revolutionary 
war, as follows : "I served as a private in 
the company commanded by Captain Thom- 
as Young, Western Battalion, in the regi- 
ment commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Jo- 
seph Crockett, in the service of the United 
States." Mr. Davis had previous tO' this 
made a])plicatii:in and was recei\'ing a 
pension of eight dollars per month under 
what was termed "the law of 1S18." whicii 
pension was granted him at the rate of 
eight dollars per montli. He made that ap- 
plication in Clark county, Kentucky, previ- 
ous to his coming to Ohio. The date of his 
certificate under the law was No. 7258. He 
had at the time of making his last applica- 
tion two children living, a son, John Davis, 
who was then thirty-six years old, and was 
a cripple in his left arm, not able to help his 
parents ; and one daughter. Nancy Davis, 
aged sixteen years, who was acting as house- 
keeper. He farther states that he served five 
years in the Revolutionary war and three 
years under General Anthony Wayne. 


Died at "'Read's Hill," near Fairfield, De- 
cember 25, 1862. aged sixty-nine years. He 
was born in Paris, Kentucky, January 21, 

1793, and was the second child of Andrew 
and Catharine Read. During the year 
1799 he removed with his parents to Ohio 
and settled on ]SIad river, four miles north- 
east of Dayton, thence removed in the spring 
of 1802 to near Fairfield, settling upon what 
has been called "Read's Hill." During the 
war with England in 18 12 and 181 3 he 
served as a teamster, carrying commissary 
stores from Dayton to Urbana. Bellefontaine 
and stations far beyond. Still later he sers'ed 
as a private under Captains Stevenson and 
McClellan, and was stationed at Fort Mc- 
Arthur, guarding the open frontier and keep- 
ing a line of comnuinicatinn ojien to Fort 
Meigs. After his return home he was mar- 
ried, in 1814, to ]\Iiss Mary Tatman, eldest 
daughter of Rev. Joseph and Rebecca Tat- 
man. There were biirn unto them six chil- 
dren. He was an active member of the 
Alethodist Episcopal church. He was jus- 
tice of the peace for many years, and a 
commissioner ior six years. He lacked just 
twenty-eight days of being sex'entv vears old 
at the time of his death. 


During the year 1800 Ninn-od Haddox 
started from Virginia with two pack horses 
and came to Qiillicothe, Ross county, and 
while traveling at Deer creek met an old 
friend from \'irginia, with win nn he stopped 
over night, and liking the surroundings he 
prolonged his stay over winter. In the fol- 
lowing spring he and five other families 
moved up Deer creek to Lamb's purchase, 
and squatted cm it. After having made a 
little improvement, learning that his nephew 
had settled on the Little Miami, he came 
to visit him, and finallv moved in with him. 



After remaining here a couple of years he 
learned tliat his mother and family had 
moved to Kentucky, and he determined to 
visit her. Packing up, he started; and aljoiu 
three miles below Dayton he fell in with an- 
other old friend from Virginia w lio per- 
suaded him to remain all winter and teach 
a school in the vicinity. In March the 
smallpox appearing in the settlement he 
moved across the river and began making 
sugar. Having good success in this direc- 
tion, a fine lot of sugar was the result. 
About this time the great Hood took place. 
The water began to rise and he was com- 
pelled to cross the river with his sugar to 
a cabin on higher ground. The water still 
rising, lie moved to a house owned by a 
Mr. Taylor. This, also, being' surrounded 
by water, he put his sugar in the loft, and 
they all paddled across to an elevated spot 
and camjied for the night. Mr. Iladdox 
was ])laced on watch, and about midnight 
the water reached them and they were com- 
pelled as a last resort to cut trees and fall 
their tops together and climb them, and re- 
main on them from Friday till Monday with- 
out food or drink. On Mmidav the water 
began to subside, and soon they descended 
from their perch and went to the house, 
which was turned around. They rowed 
their boat to the upper window and crawled 
in, and finding a large iron kettle in the loft 
and some meat they made a fire in the kettle 
and l)roiled some of it ; and also finding a 
sack of meal stowed awav in the loft they 
mixed this with water and baking it also in 
the impromptu oven soon had a good meal. 
On looking for his sugar, he found that it 
hail mostly disappeared. Fully satisfied with 
his \isit, he returned to his nephew's house. 

traded a horse for an improvement, and be- 
came a citizen of our county. 


From the old files of the "Torchlight" 
under date of Octol)er 23, 185 1. we find the 
following: "Died at Irish Grove, Menard 
county, Illinois, Sylvia Borders, wife of Pe- 
ter Borders, aged seventy-eight years. Mr. 
Borders kept the first [lublic house in Greene 
countv, Ohio. And the first courts of said 
county were held in his house. He was at 
the time his wife died an old man eighty- 
four years of age, in good health, and 
astonishing activity for one of his age. 


William Stephenson, Sr., wilh his wife 
and four children, namely, William, James, 
Peter and John, left the state of Kentucky 
some time previous to 1803 and settled in 
Bath township, Greene county, one mile and 
a half east of the present town of Osborn 
on land which in later years came to be 
the home of John Dispenett. His son. Will- 
iam, was a soldier with the rank of captain 
in the war of 1812. 


Mr. John Hosier, of Osborn. Bath town- 
ship. Greene county. Ohio, died on Friday. 
December 24. 1869. at the mature age of 
eighty-one years. He was born in Shenan- 
doah county, Virginia, in 1789. to which 
place his parents had remo\-ed and where 
thev made their home until 1797. They 
brought up a family of seven children, of 



whuiii John was tlie youngest save one. In 
1/97 tlie family removed to this state, which 
was then hut a part of the "Xorthwestern 
territory, " and in a wilderness condition, in- 
habited or rather occupied by the "red men 
of the forest." Thev made a halt in Mason 
countv for about four years, where they 
rented some land and lived as most "back- 
woodsmen" lived in all new countries in a 
primitive way, with wants few and easily 
supplied. 'There were the carcasses of wild 
animals, many varieties of which abounded 
in every part of the great Northwest. The 
bread was made from corn meal, which was 
ground in little hand mills, somewhat like 
those in eastern countries, as in Bible times 
"upper and lower mill stones." the upper 
being turned liy a \)\n of wood or irijii in- 
serted in the top, and near the outer rim or 
edge, for the hand of the operator to take 
hold of while the other hand supplied it with 
corn. It was sifted through a primitive 
screen, made of untanned deerskin, with 
holes made with the tines of a common table 
fork, which had been made red hot for the 
purpose. This process of burning the skins, 
through which the heated fork tines passed, 
prevented it from resuming its original shape 
again, and the seared and crisp material 
ser\'ed the purpose for which it was designed 
for long periods, and was certainly a good 
substitute for the wire sieve of to-day, 
though the process, like the grinding, as 
above described, was decidedly slow and 
tedious, compared with the method of doing 
the same work in our old settled country. 
At the end of the four years the family 
made another journey toward their ]ircsent 
home, and halted at a point near Cincinnati, 
called Columbia, at that day. Here they 
stayed more than two years. In coming 

from Shenandoali they stayed one entire win- 
ter in a rude camp which they hastilv con- 
structed lor the purpose at the mouth of 
the Little Kaitawha river, and where they 
had expected to embark on a flat boat for 
their coveted western home, with their two 
horses and two cows and household goods 
and provisions, but with no wagon or other 
vehicle to facilitate land transportation. The 
boat did not come as anticipated, and they 
had no recourse but to make "virtue a neces- 
sit}'," and winter where they were, in their 
rude cabin, three miles from any white in- 
habitants and under the necessity of winter- 
ing their animals on browse, which they 
cut for the purpose in the surrounding for- 
ests, together with a little corn which they 
secured from the nearest settlement. The}' 
had no meat on their table with the excep- 
tion of a large fat bear, which one of the 
larger boys had killed, with now and then 
a wild turkey. Their bread during the long 
winter was made from corn that was pound- 
ed in the hole of a large stump, hollowed 
out for the purpose with fire, a spring pole 
pestle being used for the purpose of mash- 
ing it. The next spring they embarked on 
a flat boat, according to their original plan, 
and finallv landed on the shore of the Miami 
river near Cincinnati. At this place, three 
miles from Cincinnati, they occupied a farm 
which was owned by a Mr. Isaac VanNess. 
The house was back from the river, on the 
"second bottom," tlnxigh some of the im- 
proved gTound was on the "lower bottom," 
nearer the river. They' were yet on this 
farm of Mr. VanNess when the great flood 
of 1803 occurred and where their cows got 
surrounded with a wide waste of whirling- 
waters, while they had a little more than 
sulticient standing room on a little patch or 



knoll, just eniiugli to keep them from be- 
ing swept a\va\' 1)_\- the seething flood. At one 
time, during the progress of the fltxad, our 
subject, with another l^rother, came near 
being drowned by the upsetting of their nar- 
row, sliai>eless log of a canoe, with which 
they were striving to convey some food to 
their imprisoned animals, an eddy in the 
seething flow brought them into collision 
with a lug whicli was being whirled alnng 
at a rapid rate and which upset them ; how- 
ever, he managed to grasp a branch of an 
elm tree and to climb among its branches, 
where he rested until his brother got safe to 
land, and returned with another raft of the 
same kind, and which had been dug out just 
the day before, as if to be ])riividentially 
readv for the occasion. There were no 
levees to confine the accumulated waters of 
the spring freshet within the legitimate 
banks of the river and, of course, they spread 
themseh'es out intn the forest on either side 
of the stream proper until the Miami \-alIey 
was like a vast lake, or an inland sea, or 
like the great father of waters in width and 

They came here in the valley of Mad 
river in 1803, and settled upon the eighty 
acres of land upon which uur subject re- 
sided until his death, midwav between the 
village of Osborn and Fairfield. The lanrl 
had been i^re-empted bv John Hunt, as were 
most of the government lands in that im- 
mediate locality by different individuals. 
They paid Mr. Hunt two shillings per acre 
for his pre-emption rights and then paid the 
government agent two dnllars per acre, with 
five years payments. But the land was in a 
state of nature, covered by a thick growth 
of ]3lum and hazel Ixishes. Fairfield had Isut 
a single hut at that time, and there were Init 

few inhabitants anywhere in the vicinity. 
Their household goods were unloaded in the 
woods, where they had no shelter but the 
canopy of the heavens, until they could 
hastily construct a tentlike structure of their 
bedclothes on short sticks set in the ground. 
After they had made their lirst pavment on 
their land they found themselves destitute of 
available meani, and, of course, depended 
ui>(in their good constitutions, their acquired 
skill in battling with the hardships and pri- 
vations of pioneer life, and, of course, on 
the blessing of God. ThcA- had all of their 
provisions to procure by their labor in work- 
ing for others who needed their services. 
Wages were low, and pries of pro\isions 
were correspondingly low. The price of a 
day's work with sickle in harvest was only 
four shillings, yet there was an active de- 
mand for it; all of the grain of the country 
had to be cut with the sickle for .several 
years, and until the grain craille was in- 
^•ented and brought gradually into use. 
They got their grain, corn and wheat ground 
.MJinctimes at McCormack's mill on Mad 
river, nearby on the "chopinng mill' of the 
late John Knisley, sometimes at ]\lr. Steel's 
mill at Midway, near the site of Mr. Felix 
Wise's ]iresent woolen factory, and some- 
times at Mr. Davis' mill near Clifton. The 
flour wherever made was bolted bv turning 
the machinery by hand. This was usually 
done l)y the owner of the "grist" so as to 
accelerate the process of making the wheat 
into flour and bran. This vicinity to Tat- 
man's prairie near Fairfield enabled them 
to share with others in cutting the grass of 
that prairie for their cows and horses in the 
first winter. 

yiv. John Hosier was married, in 1819. 
to Miss Mary Haddix. sister of John Had- 



dix. of Oslx)ni. She was the motlier (if 
thirteen chilch-en. Mr. Hosier was converted 
to tlie service of God in 1840 and connected 
witli tlie Methodist Episcopal church. His 
opportunities for attending religious meet- 
ings had been few and far between. The 
first meeting that he attended was at "Read's 
Hill." east of Fairfield village. 

He lived to see manv changes, and was 
one of the most useful men that lived in his 
day and generation. He was not the man to 
make himself too consjHCuous in the neigh- 
borhood where he lived, unless it was that 
he was known for his modesty and moral 
worth, for his honesty and integrity could 
not be called in question ; he would be ki\own 
as a good man, good citizen and a good 
Christian, and such he was in the judgment 
of charity. He had lived to see our coun- 
try ])ass thrdUgh conflicts with foreign 
powers successfully, and then the great re- 
bellion which threatened the life of the na- 
tion. He lived to see peace restored to our 
countrv. W'hen his time came he was readv 


"To the Worshipful Court of Greene coun- 
ty, humbly showeth : 
"That whereas your petitioner liath been 
solicited from time to time liy travelers 
from remote distances as well as adjacent, 
tliat hath been and now continue to exjjlove 
the flourishing and fertile lands of Mad 
river, to ask license from the Honorable 
l>ench to keep a public house of entertain- 
men. That for want of such a place of cim- 
vening for a recourse for shelter hath often 
sufficed in their recognizing in the said tour 

through this e.xtensi\e country, and being yet 
almost unsettled for many miles from m_\' 
dwelling. And beside all this he farther 
adds that without said lawful indulgence to 
obtain said license, must sustain great loss ; 
for at times am much crowded with sojourn- 
ers to the dissatisfaction of private life, with 
no man near of profit, but an entire fatigue. 
His habitation being north fmni Sijringheld 
twent)- miles, from Chillicothe sixty miles. 
Ottawa Town forty miles northwest, from 
Mr. Isaac Zane's ten miles west. Your peti- 
tioner hopes to obtain and of your clemency 
the said license, and as in duty bcjund will 
e\-er pray. Signed by 


"May 20, 1804." 

The petition was also signed by Simrm 
Kenton, Peter Olix'er. Thomas Davis. Jo- 
seph Sutton. John Fisher. J. T. Galloway. 
Lewis Da\-is. Lewis Sutton. George ^L 
Smith. William Moore. 

The author of this remarkable petition. 
James McPherson. or Sc]ua-la-ka-ke, "the 
red-faced man," was a native of Carlisle, 
Cumberland county. Pennsylvania. He was 
taken prisoner on the Ohio at or near the 
mouth of the Big Miami at the time of 
Ldughry's ilefeat, and was for many years 
engaged in the British Indian department, 
under Elliott & McKey. Married a fellow- 
prisoner, came into our service after Wayne's 
treat)-, 1705. and continued in charge of the 
Shawnees and Senecas of Lewistown until 
liis removal from oflice in 1830, since which 
he has died. His nearest neighbor at this 
tinie was Isaac Zane. living ten miles east. 
Our own grand old pioneer, [Major James 
Galloway, was up in that part of the state 
in tlie year 1800, and there can be no ilnuln 
but tli;it he was intiniatelv accpiainted with 



McPherson. Zane and dlliers ni tlic i)ii)neers 
of that section of the country. Years after- 
ward he gave from memory his recollections 
of that part of what is now Logan county, 
and which had been fruni 180^:5 until 1H05 
a part of Mad River township. Greene coun- 
ty, previous to the organization of Cham- 
paign county at that date, thus circumscrib- 
ing Greene in its northern limits. .Vnd 
again in the fall of i.Sij we gave to Clark 
county a part of our northern territory, yet 
we ha\e historically the satisfaction of 
kiiowing that all of their early inhabitants 
or pioneers were first ours. And when 
Logan and Champaign counties point with 
pardonable \n-k\e to the home and place 
where the bodv of Simon Kenton was laid 
to rest "after life's long and titfid sleep." 
we can open our little poll Ijooks and the 
enumeration of the pioneers of Mad River 
township in Greene county from 1803 to 
1805 and see the name of the aforesaid 
Simon, and we listen as he is being inter- 
viewed by John Daugherty, "lister"' of Mad 
River township for the year 1803. and we 
hear him sa\- in answer to the questions that 
are asked him : "This mill here on Mad 
river is worth, I suppose, one hundred and 
fifty dollars." .\nv cattle?' "Yes, I have 
three horses and twenty-two cattle." 

At the first election held in said town- 
ship, June 2 1, 1803. at the house of Griffith 
Foose, town of Springfield, John Daugherty 
and Roljert Loughry, clerks, and James 
Woods, Tliomas Redman and J(ihn Clark, 
judges. At this election a|)pears the name, 
among others selected for the different oi- 
fices, Simon Kenton, who was chosen to act 
as overseer of the poor. The subject of this 
sketch. James McPherson, was present and 
cast his Ijallot and helped to organize. The 

compiler of this sketch has the original peti- 
tion of James McPherson framed and ready 
to return to the new court house among a 
number of papers of iiistorical interest, 
.^niong the signers of this petition is the 
autograph of Simon Kenton. 


Alajor Thomas D. Carneal, founder of 
Caesarsville, Greene county. Ohio, and one 
of the earliest settlers of Cincinnati, but of 
late years a resident of Frankfort. Kentuckv, 
died at the residence of Nicholas Longworth 
in Cincinnati, Xovember 3, i860, aged sev- 
enty-six years. Jn the early days of Ohio 
he was an extensive speculator in wild lands, 
and located m;my warrants in the Virginia 
military district. .A few years since he set 
up a claim to sundr}- tracts of land on 
Caesar's creek in this county, but never pur- 
sued the matter to adjudication. 

Like all others who invested in lands in 
the Ohio valley at an ^arly date, he realized 
a f(jrtune. He was the founder of the town 
of Caesarsville. which place was located four 
miles southeast of the present city of Xenia, 
on the farm where now (1899) resides our 
old friend. Pad Peterson. And strong hopes 
were entertained that it would become the 
jx^rmanent county seat of Greene countv. 
Buildings were erected for that purpose and 
a house that was to be used as a "court 
house." and east of this building was the 
public well (that can be seen to-day. 1899). 
covered with a large flat stone, located in the 
barn lot of Mr. Peterson. And scattered 
here and there w^ere some tw'enty-five or 
thirty cabins, which at that early date 
( 1800) was to be the county seat of Greene 
county. At the organization of Greene 



county into tnwnsliips. ^lay lo. 1803, by 
order of court this was to be the voting 
place of Caesarscreek township, and was un- 
til the organization nf Xenia township, Au- 
gust 20, 1805. 

William J. Stewart was acting as justice 
of the peace, a \'ery important office at that 
day, as the tally sheets of elections will show 
more \-otes were cast for the candidates for 
that oFlice tli.'ni in the fall for governor of 
the state. .Mr. Stewart seems to have been 
acti\-e in trying to help settle or to legalize 
methods that would have a tendency to build 
up and create a population, as the following 
record will show. 

Married at Caesarsville at the house of 
William j. Stewart and by him, November 
8, J 803, Mr. Samuel Bone to Miss Aletha 
Bcason ; by the same. }*Iay 10, 1803, Mr. 
Samuel Ruth to Miss Jane Wilson- again 
bv the same, under date of July 12, 1804. 
Mr. Jiihn Price to Miss Hannah Davis; and 
again, .\pril ic), 1804. ]\lr. Reuben Strong 
tc Miss Anna Wilson. 


He was a nati\e of Harford county, 
Maryland, but was raised in Baltimore coun- 
ty. He came to Caesarsville in April, 1807. 
and had not been in the village but a short 
time until we find in the records the fol- 
lowing notice: "Married June 23, 1807. 
Mr. Joshua Bell to Miss Mary Bales by the 
Rev. Bennett Maxey. She was a sister of 
John Bales, and we find from the records 
that ]\rr. Bell was keeping tavern in tlie 
same house that had been erected for a court 
bouse and continued to do so until the year 
1829. when he removed from Greene coun- 
tv first to Indi.nna. then to Henrv countv. 

Iowa, in 1841, where he continued to live 
until July i. 1856. when notice is sent back 
to his old home that at the above date he 
had died at the age of eighv-six vears. Nu- 
merous receipts and papers in the old records 
will show that he was acting as agent for 
Mayor Carneal in collecting interest and 
other money that were due ~Slv. Carneal for 
lands sold to the earlv settlers, l.)ut who 
never was a resident of the county. Ijut was 
largely interested in what was termed wild 


In the spring of 18 15 Samuel Peterson 
came from Virginia to this countv for the 
purpose of assisting his brother-in-law, Jo- 
seph Bootes, on his farm. In company with 
a Mr. Hegler, he made the long journey "n 
horseback, remainin.g all summer, then with 
a few friends returned to \'irginia b_\- the 
same mode of crnneyance. In the fall fol- 
lowing his father came to this county with 
his family of five sons and two daughters 
and located on a tract of fi\'e hundred acres 
on Caesar's creek, south of Xenia, which he 
had previously purchased. Soon after his 
arrival one of his daughters was married to 
Jonathan Ketterman. who had formerly 
lived in this county, ^^"hen he started back 
to Virginia with his bride on horseback, his 
father-in-law sent Samuel to Cbillicothe 
with llicin to buy the bride a new saddle, 
which was presented to her as a bridal gift. 
T!ie father and his five sons, Samuel, Joel, 
Moses, Jacob and Felix, immediately began 
a vigorous assault uixm the dense forest that 
surrounded them, the efifect of which was 
soon visible in the sweeping crash of the 
mighty oak, the burning heap and the 
crackling brush. When a few acres were 



thus cleared they were planted in cnrn, for 
wliich not finding a readv market in the ear 
they tram[)e(I it out on the puncheon rtiior, 
took it to a distillery, had it made into 
whisky, took the whisky to an iron-furnace, 
traded it for iron, which they sold, and thus 
realized a good price for their whisky. 

Samuel was a powerful man, and on one 
occasion lifted a trip hammer weighing seven 
hundred ])ciunds. lie cut the limher and 
made four hundred and lifty rails in one day. 
When ahout twenty-one he and Samuel Heg- 
ler, Colonel Mallow and I'cter Price, all 
3-oung men, each took a four-horse load 
of flour from Oldtown mills to Cincinnati 
for William P.eall. Starting early in the 
morning with ten barrels each, ihev suc- 
ceeded, by (k)ubling teams at every hill, in 
getting as far the first day as the present 
locality of Spring valley. Cam])ing out all 
night, the next day thev drove within a mile 
of \\'aynes\-ille, when Beall hired another 
team, which enabled them to travel more 
speedily. Reaching Cincinnati, thev were 
paid one dnllar ])er barrel for hauling, and 
started for home, making the round trip in 
ele\-en days. Beall, not being al)le to dis- 
pose of his Hour in Cincinnati, shipped it to 
New Orleans and walked back, 

February 22, 1821, Samuel Peterson 
was married to Miss Hannah Heaton, who 
had come to this county a few years previ- 
ous. He lived with liis parents for some 
time, then moved to a tract of one hundred 
acres given him by his father, upon which 
he had previously built a hewed-log house, 
considered in those days one of the most 
imposing structures in the country. Being 
entirely alone, the labor of clearing out tlic 
forest proceeded very slowly until 1825. 
Avhen lie leased the premises and mo^■ed to 

Xenia. where he engaged in the wagon- 
maker's trade. The first year he lived in 
a log house on Main street, near where the 
old pottery stood : the second in a house near 
the northeast corner of Second and White- 
man streets. The man to wlmm he had 
rented proving worthless, he returned to the 
farm in 1827, where he remained until 1849, 
ir. the meantime bringing it under a high 
state of cultivation, when, lea\ing it in 
charge of his son, he returned to Xenia. 
Bringing a span of good horses and a wagon 
with him. he followed teaming until 1865, 
when, having sold his farm to Jonas Peter- 
son and bought another of a Mr. Tressler, 
five miles southeast of Xenia, he removed to 
it the same year. At this place his wife 
died suddenly of heart disease, April 22, 
i.'i'/2. aged seventy-one. After this Mr. 
Peterson spent the balance of his days with 
his son-in-law. William Rader. in Xenia. He 
died June 12, 1882, aged eighty-six, and was 
buried in \\'oodland cemetery. 


Was granted a pension for services as a 
soldier in the war of the Revolution at the 
rate of ninety-two dollars and twenty-two 
cents per year. His first rank was as a pri- 
vate soldier, and he was afterward promoted 
to the office of ensign or second lieutenant. 
He was allowed his pension under the act 
of June 7, 1832. Date of his pension cer- 
tificate was April 2, 1833. Lewis Cass was 
at that time secretary of war. He was a 
native of Virginia, but had been a resident 
of Greene county sixteen years at the time 
he received his pension. His place of resi- 
dence was Caesarscreek township. He died 
April 17, 1837, and was buried in \\hat is 



now called the Boot's graveyard. Mr. Mal- 
low had purchased two hundred and seventy- 
live acres more or less, which was a part of 
niilitarv survey Xo. 2383, situated at the 
muuth. mirth fork, of Caesar's creek. 
George Mallow. Sr.. was of German origin, 
but from what part of the fatherland he 
came I know not. He had three sons who 
came with him from Rockingham ci:>unty, 
Virginia, namely, George, John and Peter, 
His oldest son. Colonel George Mallow was 
a military man and made for himself quite 
a name in the war of 1812 and afterward. 
In the breaking out of the war of 1812 he 
\olunteered his services in defense of his 
country, and during" the summer of that 
year marched to Williamsburg, fifty-eight 
miles from Richmond, Virginia, and from 
thence to Hampton, near the bay. Ixith towns 
of historic interest, where he remained in the 
service for a term of six months. After 
peace was declared between the two coun- 
tries he, with his parents, removed to Ohio, 
and for scime forty vears resided in this 
ci unt\'. Prior to his settling in Greene coun- 
ty lie had settled in Warren county, near 
Springlioro, and removed to Greene county 
in 1817. He was emphatically a military 
man. During his residence in this county he 
successively held commissions from the gov- 
ernor of the state in the peace establish- 
ment of the state, as first lieutenant and cap- 
lain of the Volunteer Rifle Companies, and 
colonel of militia. It was in the latter he 
acquired the title of colonel. 

His kind, social ways made for him many 
friends. .-\s a citizen and a neighbor he was 
well respecte<l.. His numerous friends and 
acrpiaintances heard with regret of his sud- 
den departure. On Friday, April 19, 1861, 
the whole community was shocked by the in- 

formation that Colonel Mallow, of Xew Jas- 
per township, had died very suddenly. Dur- 
ing the day of his death he had been on 
horseback several places in the neighbor- 
hood, seemingly in as good health as usual. 
At five o'clock he took supper, as usual eat- 
ing heartily. After supper he went to the 
corn crib to feed some hogs. About an hour 
afterward he was found prostrate on the 
ground in the yard, and was dead when 
found. Everything about him showed that 
he had been stricken down suddenly with 
disease of the heart. For some time previ- 
ous he had shown symptoms of this dis- 
ease, and had to some extent endeavored to 
fortify his system against it. He has left 
many honored descendants in this county. 
Both of these grand old heroes, George Mal- 
low, Sr., and George Mallow, Jr., are laid 
to rest a little way south of whf^t is known 
to-dav as the Boots and Bickett stone cpiarry. 
near Xew Jasper. 


In January, 1879, an enterprising re- 
porter of the "Xenia Tordilight," inter- 
viewed Mr. Scott. He was at that time sup- 
posed to have been the oldest man living in 
Greene county, and the result of that inter- 
view is worth reading as recorded. He was 
at that time in his ninety-fourtli year, in 
good health, though totally blind, while his 
mental faculties seemed unabated. He 
was born in Bedford county, Virgmia, June 
5, 1785. He left \'irginia at the age of 
eight years, spent the next twelve years with 
his parents in Kentucky, from which place 
he emigrated to Greene county, Ohio, locat- 
ing on the Little Miami river near what used 
to be known as the Tresslar mill. His first 



visit to Xenin was on the 8tli of January, 
1815, the clay of tlie liattle of Xcw Orleans. 
It is scracely necessary to say tliat Mr. Scott 
did not hang around the telegraph office to 
observe the progress of the battle as from 
time to time it was announced on the bulletin 
boards : in fact, it was six weeks before the 
results of that battle were known to the peo- 
ple of Greene county. Mr. Scott said that 
Xenia then had Imt three brick houses, a 
numl)er (jf cabins and log houses and one 
tavern. The tavern was kept l)y one Con- 
nelly, and was the scene of many a fight 
just for the fun of it. He spoke of one to 
which he was an eye witness, which he 
called a drawn battle, in which a Captain 
Steele and a man by the name of Tucker 
were the principals. Both had imbibed 
rather freely at the tavern bar, and very 
naturally got into a quarrel, ending in a 
fight, in which Steele brushed up Tucker 
badly. Returning to the bar to drink antl be 
friends. Tucker said he guessed it had not 
been fairly done and would like to try it over. 
They did, and the result was that Steele was 
as badly whipped as was Tucker in the first 
round : and all of this for the fun of it. 
Don't say that we have not advanced in 
m.vrals since that day. Mr. Scott was a 
good man in his day and generation. He 
was a member of the Caesarscreek Baptist 
church away back in the year 1820. He con- 
tinued ti) live .some four years longer from 
th.e time he was interviewed, and died in 
February. 1884. aged ninety-nine years, and 
is buried near the Maple Corner churchyard 
in Caesarscreek township. 


Who at that time represented the counties 

of Clinton, Fayette and Greene in the senate 
of Ohio. He is a Whig, of course, coming 
from that district. He is pliysically the 
largest man in the senate, weighing two hun- 
dred and forty pounds. His age is sixty- 
five, has been thirce married, and is by pro- 
fession a farmer. He resides a few miles 
east of Xenia.^ He is a native of Botetourt 
county,' Virginia, but has been a citizen of 
Ohio most of his life. He is the son of 
Christian Fudge, also from Virginia. He 
is a robust, hale man. with black hair, carry- 
ing his age well, kxiking young and not yet 
gray. His complexion is dark and his tem- 
perament bilious. In manners he is courte- 
ous and agreeable. Indeed he is remarkable 
for plain bun Imme. \nu will 
always see him in liis place in a good humor, 
and ready to cast a vote intelligently and 
conscientiously. He has filled a seat in the 
legislature several times, and has seen ster- 
ling days in that service. As a senator he is 
something of a model, attending well to 
what is to be done, and taking no part or 
interest in the useless flourish of legislation. 
A senate and house of such men would do 
matters up in a reasonable time, bore no- 
body with their fancies, vote themselves fair 
wages, and go home and meet their con- 
stituents with a good face. As a candidate 
for office he comes up to the Jeffersonian 
ideal, honest, capable and faithful. He loves 
fun, Ijut will not indulge in it at the expense 
of propriety. You would like him at first 
n;eeting and shake hands with him warmly 
at parting. 


Died on the morning of April lo. 1858. in 
the seventy-fifth year of his age. and was 
buried in Woodland cemetery. He was a 



native of Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. 
Fiftv vears since he was married to Catli- 
erine Xcwnian. Tlie number of their cliil- 
dren was sixteen, while his grandchildren 
at the time of his death were sixty-four in 


The death of Robert T. ^Marshall oc- 
curred at his residence in Urbana, Cham- 
paign county, Ohio, on the 25th day of Oc- 
tober, 1875. at the age of seventy-two years. 
Mr. Mar-shall was the first male licrn in 
wJiat is now the corporation of Xenia, Ohio, 
on the 4th of September. 1804. Here he 
s])ent his childhood and continued in the 
countv living on the waters of Massies creek 
until the last ten years of his life. He united 
with the Massies Creek church under the 
pastorate of Rev. James P. Smart. In the 
spring (if 1865 he removed to Champaign 
county in the vicinity of Urbana. where he 
continued to live until his death in 1875. 

He was united in marriage to Elinor 
Weir, who still (1876) remains to mourn 
his loss. He was the son of John Marshall, 
who was one of the first settlers in what 's 
now the city of Xenia. and built the first 
cabin home on lot X'o. 193. which is sit- 
uated on the corner of Third and \\'est 
streets. This cabin was raised April 27, 
1804. He also owned the next lot east, X^o. 
194. The lots when ^Ir. ^Marshall pur- 
cha.sed them faced on Third street and ex- 
tended south to the north branch of Shaw- 
nee creek. In the rear of the present resi- 
dence of Mr. Rudolph Hustmire was the 
cabin of Mr. John Marshall, where our sub- 
ject was born. An old pioneer says that he 
has stood in Mr. Marshall's back vard and 

shot wild turkeys at the foot of the hill near 
the creek. 


A short time after 'Sir. Jolm Marshall, 
Robert's father, had purchased his two lots, 
one day while engaged in clearing up a space 
upon which to erect his cabin and also 
ground enough for a garden, he was for- 
tunate enough to capture a "cub" bear, at 
that time no larger than an ordinary cat, and 
as neighbors were scarce here was company 
for John, which he from that time adopted 
into his family, and it grew up under his 
care and became the pet of him and his 
wife. It is said that after it had grown to 
full size it became as docile as do our com- 
mon domestic pets, the d(^ and cat, and 
would at times follow John to his work 
while engaged in clearing his land, and 
would at other times stretch himself near 
ihe fire in the ca.bin and sleep the sleep, if 
not of the just, of the bear. But there came 
a time after "Little Robbie"' had made his 
advent into the cabin tliat John and his good 
wife came near losing faith in their efforts 
to tame the l^ear, and they had good reason 
to think that their pet, which was now full 
grown, had assumed and asserted its savage 
nature, and had destroyed or carried of? little 
Robbie. The mother, in the morning spoken 
of, liad tucked little Robbie up carefully in 
the cradle, and had put him to sleep. She 
went to the door, and seeing her young hus- 
band near engaged in planting the spring 
garden, and we must not blame her, if on 
this beautiful spring morning she was tempt- 
ed by the beauty of the day and a desire to 
help her husband, and added to that also the 



songs of the birds, to step outside and leave 
tiie babe in care of their pet, and join her 
hnsband in liis labor in the garden. Before 
deciding she turned around, gave one glance 
at lier sleeping babe, and liear. and joined 
John at his work. Becoming interested in 
her wi-rk. she forgot for the time little Rob- 
bie, and she toiled away witii her hoe and 
time passed rapidly. All at imce the motli- 
er's thoughts returned to her child that she 
had left sleeping. Slie quickly stands her 
hoe up against a tree and away to her little 
one. She enters the cabin, her eyes rest tirst 
on the cradle, as she sees the covers that she 
had so carefully tucked around the sleeping- 
child now scattered in wild confusion over 
the floor. The cradle was empty, little Rob- 
ert was gone, as was also the bear. For a 
moment she looked wildly around the room. 
Her eye is quick to take in the situation ; 
she goes to the door and calls to John, "Oh, 
John, Robbie is gone, and the bear is gone." 
John drops his spade and rushes to the cabin, 
gives one glance at the empty cradle and the 
disordered state of the cabin, reaches up and 
quickly takes from over the door his trusty 
rifle, and followed by his wife they start on 
the hunt of the bear up Shawnee creek, back 
of what is now known as the U. P. Theo- 
logical Seminary, then covered with a dense 
growth of forest trees and under growth, 
and back toward their cabin home. John 
contin.ues the search, while the good wife 
enters the cabin with the hope that she may 
find her lost one there. She stoops down 
and looks under the bed, and sees something 
away back under the corner of the bed; 
she creeps under and there was the bear 
with little Robert hugged closely to its 
breast, and both bear and little Robert sleep- 
ing. She eives the bear a cuff on the side 

of the head ; it opened its muuth and 
yawned, stretched out its fore feet releasing 
the baby, which she soon had in her arms. 
The baby was not any the worse of the kind 
care of the faithful pet. 

Two sons of "Little Robbie" are yet 
( 1900) living in Xenia, William Marshall, 
janitor of the West Market Street school 
house, and his brother James. 


Casper L. Merrick, one of the pioneer 
merchants of Xenia. died at his residence at 
Xenia, Ohio, March 12, 1882, peacefully, 
and at the ripe age of eig'hty-one years. 
Mr. Merrick first came to Xenia in 1824, 
when the town was young. He landed in 
Cincinnati with his father, Roswell Mer- 
rick and family, from Massachusetts, in 
1820, and associated with his father he 
started the first horse ferry boat, it is said, 
over the Mississippi river at Cairo. He re- 
turned to Cincinnati and remained for about 
three years, engaged in the mercantile busi- 
ness. He was married, in that city. April 
28, 1822. Thence he went to Lebanon, 
but did not stay long at that place. Li 1824, 
as has been said, he removed to Xenia with 
his wife and child, and engaged in the dry 
goods business in partnership with his 
brother-in-law, L. P. Frazier. In 1828 he 
took charge of the Hamell tavern, which 
stood where Allison & Townsley's store used 
to be on Main street. In 1832 he removed to 
the old Hivling House. In 1836 he opened 
the Ewing House, then Merrick's Hotel, 
now (1900) the Grand Hotel. In 1847 '""^ 
engaged again in the dry goods trade, in 
which he remained for nearly a third of a 
century. A week before he died he was on 

I lO 


the street in apparent health, but the next 
day, Thursday, he was stricken with paraly- 
sis and scarcely spoke afterward. Yet for 
two days after the stroke he recognized his 
friends and children with a pressure of the 
hand. His death was apparently painless 
and without a struggle. He had been a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church 
since 1848. His military title, "General," 
he acquired in the service of the state 

Merrick's hotel. 1836. 

That was the name of it. In the good 
old days of stage coaches Merrick's Hotel 
was a prominent institution. It was there 
we gathered the news that we could not do 
without till the issue of the weekly papers. 
Merrick's Hotel regulated the price of corn, 
oats and hay ; it was there the stage stopped. 
How well the writer remembers the self 
same team of four gray eagles bounding 
into town, and up Main street : the driver's 
horn having suggested that food and rest 
were waiting for them at ^Merrick's Hotel. 
Well do we remember with what pardon- 
able pride of the Jehu of that day bringing 
his four-in-hand to a stand still at the hotel. 
When twO' stages came loaded with passen- 
gers it was inferred that a convention was 
to be held at Columbus, or that an epidemic 
had broken out in Cincinnati. 

If bricks could talk, these in the walls ')f 
the Ewing House building might describe 
lively old times, and detail interesting in- 
cidents occurring in what was, in the good 
of days, the pride of Xenia. Merrick's Hotel. 
Many of the jjioneers will testify that in 
those days Alerrick's was the most popular 
"hotel in the state, being the favorite of tlie 

traveling public, as it was the pride of pro- 
prietor and his fellow citizens of Xenia. 


Mr. Wright says they had been fifty- 
seven (lavs on the wav from their old \'ir- 
ginia iiome in Brunswick county to Xenia, 
Ohio. Of Xenia, at the time he remembered 
it as they passed through ft to the place 
where they settled two miles out on the 
Wilmington pike, he says it was a little 
stumpy, struggling \-iIlage. The first house 
in it was built by one John Marshall on the 
southwest corner lot of the then corporation 
of Xenia, lot Xo. 193. It was rai-sed on the 
27th dav of April. 1804. On Main street 
there was at that time twenty-three struc- 
tures ; two of those were brick, four of 
frame, the balance hewed-log liouses and 
four log shops. 


There were two log currying shops, seven 
one-story log houses, only two of them hav- 
ing shingle roofs and brick chimne)'s and two 
frame houses two stories hig^i. It was in 
1856 that Mr. Wright was relating this, he 
being then ninety years old, and he said 
that only two houses then remained on De- 
troit street. One stood on the present site 
of the mill south of the upper depot then 
lielonging to Jonathan Wallace, the other 
stood on the corner of Second and Detroit 
streets, where JMrs. Frank McClure now 
lives ( 1900). That house is yet standing 
on West Main street, the first house east of 
John Lutz's blacksmith shop. It was bought 
by Major John Heaton and mo\-etl to that 




(^11 Main street was the (j(j\vclv two 
st(ir\- frame ln.iuse. afterward used as a tin 
shop hy James Xig'h. In fr^mt of this build- 
ing was the only l:)rick pavement in the 
place. The streets had no gravel on them. 
were le\-el from side to side, without gutters 
to carry away the water, and in rainv weath- 
er were a mass of- mud, deep at that, from 
one side to the other. There were two [wnds 
of water on Main street, one opposite, or 
near where Charley Trader's grocery now 
( 1900) is, and the other an<l larger one op- 
posite the present residence of l^r. Clark M. 
Galloway, which extended north and west. 


Remembrance W'illiams erected the first 
cal)in that was erected near wnat is now the 
city of Xenia. He emigrated from Vir- 
ginia to Kentucky in ijyo, thence to 
what is now Greene county, in 1800, cross- 
ing the Ohio at the mouth of the Licking. 
He entered a section of land where now is 
located the "Rolierts" Villa," and mirth of 
that he erected his cabin and continued to 
live there until 1814. when he .sold the lar- 
gest part of that land to David Connelly and 
removed to near Madison, Indiana. He gave 
to his son, John Williams, a portion of the 
farm on the east side of said section. That 
cabin was built three years almost before 
Xenia was laid out, and he and his family 
were alone in what is now called Xenia. 

its of Xenia. He purchased lots Xo. 193- 
104 and the 27th day of April, 1804, his 
cabin was raised on what is known on the 
town plat as lot Xo. 193. Two grands<ins 
of the old pioneer are living in Xenia at this 
time ( 1900), William and James Marshall, 
their father, Robert T., was born in that cab- 
in on the 4th day of Se]5teml)er. 1804. He 
was the first white child born in the town. 


William A. Peatty, who had come from 
Georgetow'u, Kentucky, some time jjrevious 
to 1803, was the first to keep a tavern 
in Xenia. He was next to fnllnw in the line 
of improvements, and yet it was a matter 
of doubt which house would loe com])leted 
first, his or the one that was being built at 
the same time for the Rev. James Towler. 
both of which were two-story log houses. 
But the evidence seems to be in favor of Mr. 
Beatty's. One thing we do knnw' that Mr. 
Beatty was doing all that he could to get 
his done first. Noah Strong was on hand 
with his two oxen that he had brought with 
him from the far away hills of \'ermont, 
naiuely, "Buck and Brandy," and more than 
that the honorable court liad engaged the 
west room upstairs in which to hold court, 
and they must have it by the 15th of X^o- 
vember, 1804. The building was finished 
and opened as a tavern on the first day of 
October, 1804, on lot X^o. 14, opposite the 
[Hiblic square, on the site that is known as 
the Leamon block. 



John Marshall had the honor of build- Mr. Towler flid not have long to wait 

ing the first cabin inside of the corporate lim- for his new building. He had purchased 

I 12 


lots No. 39-40. He was a native of Prince 
Edwards county, Virginia, and emigrated 
to Greene county in 1803. This house was 
lietter known as the Crumbaugh house, and 
stood on tlie north sitle of Main street, pres- 
ent site of Ea\-ey & Co., wjiolesale house. 
He was tlie first postmaster of Xenia, Ohio. 


Was the second clerk of courts of Greene 
county, accepting that position in 1S08, af- 
ter his brother-in-law, John Paul, had re- 
signed. His first cabin was erected on lot 
Xo. 192, West Third street, on the corner. 
present site of the home of Timothy O'Con- 
nell. He came to Xenia previous to 1803. 


Brother of Josiah, was the first school 
teacher of Xenia. The school house was on 
AV'est Third street, and stood Oii the lot that 
now is the home of Mrs. James Kyle, moth- 
er of Charles Kyle, Esq. It was a one- 
story log house, and was built in 1805. It 
was used for a school liouse for some years. 
Mr. Hugh Hamill, who came to Xenia in 
1810, taught in that house. 

he first built his cabin in 1805 he set 't 
Lsck alxjut twenty feet from the in-line of 
the sidewalk so that in 1S13 when he erected 
his noted tavern, that was in the rear and 
became the kitchen. \Mren in later years 
the march of improvement made way with 
the old to be replaced with th.e new, that 
old hewed log cabin home, weather-boarded, 
was moved to East Market street, first house 
east of the East Market Street High School, 
and was still standing in 1899, but has 
since, in 1900, been torn down. 


Grandfather of the late William J. Alex- 
ander, at this time owned a whole square on 
West Market and Church streets, botmded 
as follows : Where the present residences 
oi H. H. Ea\ey and Rev. J. G. Carson stand, 
thence westerly to Galloway street. He 
iiad emigrated from South Carolina in 1804 
:md was the first lawyer to settle in Xenia_ 
Ir 181 1 his house had been appraised at 
seven hundred and fifty dollars, and is still 
( 1900) standing on North King street, the 
l^roperty of Judge C. C. Shearer, a relic of 
the past, and when moved to its present site 
was as good as when first erected. 


Was one of the first to come into the North- 
west territory in the year 1796: stopped 
first at what was called Holes Station (Mi- 
amisburg). from there to the Wilson set- 
tlement, thence to the farm of Capt. Na- 
than Lamme. and to Xenia, in the early 
summer of 1805. In that year he erected bis 
cabin on lot No. 60, about the present site 
of Rair^ meat <bi p. on Detroit street. When 


Arri\ed in Nenia in 1805. He was a good 
car[)enter, and we find that he was a man of 
enterprise. In 1806 he purchased lots 124 
and 130, upon the former he erected a two- 
story log structure on West Second street, 
lietter known as , the McWHiirk property, 
where Da\id Hutchison latef built two brick 
cottage houses. 





Mr. .\dams came to Xenia in 1S08. In 
1810 lie purchased of William A. Beatty, 
then director of the town of Xenia. lot Xo. 
140. (in the corner of Second and Collier 
streets, now (1900) owned by Davis Fl- 
ier's heirs, and on the western side of said 
log- liouse, which was weather-boarded. 
This house was still remembered in after 
years by many old citizens as the home of 
Tillbury Jones, marshal of Xenia in the 
early 'fifties. 


In addition to his ta\ern on Main street, 
and which also was the place of holding 
the courts of Greene county. Mr. Beatty was 
tlie owner of lot Xo. 165, on the southwest 
corner of Second and Collier streets, now 
(1900) owned by Rev. Samuel Hutchison, 
and on this lot he had built his caliin home. 
This home was valued for ta.xable purpose 
in 181 1 at one hundred and sixty dollars. 


Was the owner of lot X'o. 33 in the year 
1807. This lot was situated on the north- 
east corner of Main and \\'hiteman streets, 
on which now stands the clothing house of 
Robert Kingsbury. George Gordon, his 
brother, came up from Warren county with 
his team to assist in hauling the logs for 
this building, which was a two-story log 
structure, fortv Ijy forty feet, and was for 
many years used by ]\Ir. William Gordon 
as a storeroom, ilajor Gordon previously 
had moved his brother, William, from War- 
ren county to Xenia in the year 1805. His 

brother had at that time [lurchased lot Xo, 
176. situated on the corner of Third and 
Whiteman streets, and is at the present time 
(1900) owned by the heirs of Marjey Mc- 
Farland. Mr. Gordon had erected on this 
lot a small log house, the 


This property was once owned by Mr. 
James Brown, and the older persons can yet 
rememlier when this part of Xenia was 
known liy the name of "Brown Town." He 
was killed in the gra\el ])it west of Xenia, 
June 4, 1849, aged seventy-three years. His 
death was caused by the caving in of the 
surface dirt. When dug out he was dead. 


Came to Xenia from Prclile county in 18 10. 
and purchased lots Xo. 197- 198- 199-200. 
These lots fronted en Third street, and 
were situated between Barrett and Maxwell 
streets, running thence south to the bank of 
Shawnee creek. He erected his cabin near 
the brow of the liill, overlooking Shawnee, 
on the south end of lot Xo. 200. In the 
rear of his cabin on this lot extending west 
to Barrett street was his tanyard. The brick 
house yet standing was erected in 1845, and 
is occupied by his daughter, Mrs. Lydia 


Dr. Andrew Davidson on the nth day 
of X^'oveniber, 1808, purchased of Henry 
Phenix lot X'o. 38, on which in 181 1 he 
erected a two-storv brick house. This let 
was on Main street, and the building w^as on 



the present site of John Knox's saddlery 
shop. Dr. Davidson came to Xenia in 1805 
and was tlie first physician to locate in the 


In the year 1805 James Gowdy first 
came to Xenia and built his storeroom, the 
first one in Xenia, on lot No. 34, first lot 
east of Greene street, on Main, and here 
in 1806 he commenced selling merchandise. 


The first court house for Greene county 
was let to William Kendall in 1806. Pre- 
vious to this time the county had been pay- 
ing rent, first for the house of Peter Bor- 
ders down on Beaver, second to Wm. A. 
Beatty in Xenia. This latter house \fas 
completed in 1809. 


Had erected a small house on lot No. 144, 
on the corner of Second and Monroe streets, 
north side, lot now ( 1900) owned by the 
heirs of the late John Kyle. Mr. Gamble at 
this time also owned one-half of lot X'o. 
15 on Main Street. 


Was in 181 1 the owner of the first lot east 
of Mrs. Frank McClure on Second street. 
On this lot No. 134 he raised and completed 
a cabin. 


corner of Main and Detroit, south side, 
present site of the Xenia Xational Bank. 


In 181 1, was the owner of lot No. 14, oppos- 
ite the Court House, and it was here that he 
kept his noted tavern, or what was known 
as Hamill's Inn. He was one of the early 
justices of the peace in Xenia. His build- 
ing was part of what in later years was 
known as the Puterbaugh store, where 
young Kennc}- and Steele were murdered in 
the great fire of 1845. 


In 181 1, was the owner of lots No. 131- 132, 
comprising about one-fourth of the square 
on what was later known as the J. C. Mc- 
Millan corner, .Mr. Larue's lots extending 
from the corner running west on Second 
one-half the distance of the square and from 
the same corner running north the distance 
on Detroit. His house was erected on lot 
No. 132. He also owned out lots Nos. 7 
and 8. 


Ir. 1811 was the owner of lot No. 143 sit- 
uated on East Second street, better known 
as the home of Mrs. Newton, the mother of 
Chancey and Samuel Newton. Upon this 
lot he erected a one-story house. Tlie 
ground at this time is the site of the beauti- 
ful homes of Ben LeSourd and Judge 


In 181 1, was the owner of lot Xo. 13. upon Who came from Ijcjston. ^Massachusetts. 
which he had completed a building on the in 

1807, and uho was the first auditor of 



Greene county, creeled Iiis cabin on lot Xo. 
144. corner of Main and Barrett streets, 
iiortli sitle, later known as tlie old home of 
William T. Stark (deceased) and at this 
time tlie luime of Mrs. S. K. Harner and 
family. 'I'he house is still standing (1900) 
near Kelley"s rope walk. 


Came to Xenia in 1807. He was the owner 
of lot 133 and erected his house, a two-story 
frame, (jn the northwest corner of Second 
and Detroit streets. W'iien the present resi- 
dence of Mrs. Frank McClure was built for 
a bank buildine;- Major John lleaton bought 
the old -Sanders house and had it remox-ed 
to liis lot on West Main street, first lot 
west of John Lutz's blacksmith shop, where 
it yet stands in g'ood condition. 


Built his ca])in on lot No. 89. situated at 
corner of Market and Whiteman streets, 
northwest corner. This ])roperty is l^etter 
known as the fi;rmer residence of Colonel 
John Duncan. It is now owned and occu- 
pied as a residence by Mrs. F.lias Quinn and 


Was in iSi i the owner of lot Xo. 7. which 
is situated on West ^lain street. He had a 
cabin erected where the office of the Aliami 
Powder Company is now located. 


Henry Barnesf, a native of Virginia, re- 
moved to Kentucky in 1799, and came to 

Xenia in 1807. He was the father of Henry 
Barnes, Jr., ex-sheriff of Greene county, and 
the grandfather of Major George Barnes, 
yet living in Xenia. He was the owner of 
lots Xos. 29-68. X^'o. 29 was situated on the 
corner of Main and Collier streets, on which 
xvas liis cabin home. Lot 68 was in the rear 
of this, fronting on ■Market street. 


'Slv. \\'allace was at this time the owner 
of lot Xg. 180, whicii was situated on the 
corner of Third and Detroit streets, south- 
west corner. He came to Xenia in 1807 and 
was for many years engaged in the busi- 
ness of making hats. He was a soldier in 
the war of 1812, and afterward removed to 
Clark county, Ohio, where he died at the 
hoane of Anthony Byers or (Hyers), April 
25, 1850, aged seventy years. 


In 1811 had a tan_\ard on the corner of 
Third and Detroit streets, where now is lo- 
cated the firm of Chandler & Maddux. His 
currying shop, a long one-story log house, 
stood near that place. Across Detroit street 
east, where now ( 1900) is located tlie lum- 
ber yard of McDowell & Torrence, was an- 
other tanyard, carried on under the firm 
name of 


]Mr. Alexander was a brother of the 
Hon. John Alexander, a nati\-e of South 
Carolina, and who died June 3, 1824, and is 
buried on the lot of his -Iirother John in 
Woodland cemetery. 


'robixsox's history of greexe couxty. 

And thus was Xenia as far as the house- 
holders are concerned in the year A. D. 
1 81 1. Scattered here and there, no wonder 
tliat Mr. Wright said in describing it tiiat it 
was a Httie "stumpy, struggling village." 


"With all thy getting, get understanding." 

To provide the means of diffusing lit- 
erature and knowledge is an object of the 
greatest importance to society, and claims 
the attention of every friend of humaniy. 
For his purpose we, the subscribers, have 
determined to establish a public library in 
the town of Xenia, which shall he open to all 
under the following regulations : 

1st. Each subscriber shall pay to the 
librarian five dollars on each share annually. 

2d. The subscribers shall meet on the 
fourth Saturday of March, 18 16, and on the 
same day annually forever and elect by bal- 
lot nine directors, who shall be a standing 
committee, five of whom skall form a 
([uorum, to regulate the affairs of the li- 
brary, with the following powers, to-wit: 
To appropriate the funds of the library for 
the benefit of the subscribers; to appoint a 
])resident and librarian from their own num- 
ber, and to assign them their duties ; to call 
a meeting of the subscribers on matters of 
importance at any time when they think 
!iecessary. and to enact by-laws for regulat- 
ing the affairs and securing the interest of 
the library. 

3d. At each annual meeting a report of 
the proceedings of the committee, together 
with a list of the books purchased, shall be 
laid before the subscribers for their inspec- 

4th. Two-thirds of the subscribers pres- 
ent at any annual meeting shall have power 
to alter or amend these regulations. 

5th. Any person neglecting his annual 
contribution or any fine imposed ujxjn him, 
when amounting to the sum of two dollars 
and fiftv cents, shall forfeit his share to the 
use of the company, and if under that sum 
he shall not enjoy any of the privileges of 
a subscriber until such sum shall be paid. 

6th. Any manager may be removed 
from office at any time by a two-thirds vote 
of the subscribers. 

jtli. Shares may be transferred on the 
books of the librarian, and each subscriljer 
shall be entitled to draw lx)oks in proportion 
to the number of his shares. 

8th. The library shall go into operation 
immediately after forty shares shall have 
been subscribed. 


James P. Espey, Josiah Grover, William 
T. Elkin. Philip Good, William Ellsberry, 
Samuel Pelham, Joshua Martin, Moses Col- 
lier, Stith Bonner, Thomas Hunter, John 
Gaff, John Haines, Thomas Gillespie, James 
Collier, John Smith, William Laughead, 
William Alexander, George Junkin, Jesse 
^^'atson, Robert \\^ Stevenson, Anthony 
Cannon, Samuel ]\IcBeth, Bratton & Beall, 
Jacob Haines, Francis Kendall, James Tow- 
ler, Matthew Alexander, Josiah G. Talbott, 
Jacob Smith. Henry Morgan, James 
Lamme, James Galloway, Jr., Lewis Wright, 
William A. Beatty, Alexander Armstrong, 
\\"illiam Richards, Daniel Reece, James 
Popenoe, ^^'illiam Currie. Robert D. Fors- 
n-'an and Thomas Embree. 




The first effort to have Xenia incor- 
porated was presented to the legislature by 
Jacob Smith, at that time representing 
Greene county, and can be found ii; the 
local laws of 18 13. For some reason the 
law had become inoperative, and hence this 
second effort to have the town incorporated. 
Joseph Tatman in 1817 was rqM-esenting 
Greene county in the house of our state leg- 
islature, while Jacob Smith was a member 
of the Ohio senate from the counties of Clin- 
ton ;ind Greene. Mr. Tatman was a resi- 
dent of Bath township and 'Sir. Smith a 
resident of Beavercreek. So the western 
portion of Greene county was well repre- 
sented at that time. This effort also for 
ScMiie reason proved a failure. The petition, 
however, is interesting, and is deemed worth 
saving, and will be returned to the new 
court house to be placed in the relic room, 
tlial is ti> be, in the sweet by and bye. 


To the Honorable Court of Comuion Picas 

for the County of Greene: 

The representation and petition of the 
subscribing inhabitants and householders of 
Xenia town respectfully showeth that the 
town of Xenia contains eighty-eight house- 
holders, and that the town of Xenia is the 
county seat of Greene county, and is sit- 
uated on the north side of Shawnee run, 
about three miles from its juncture with tlie 
Little Miami river. It was laid out by Jo- 
seph C. Vance, Esq., late director of said 
town, in the vear 1803, by order of the hon- 

orable court of common pleas for the county 
ot Greene. 

That the plat of said town was duly re- 
corded in the recorder's office of said county 
m 1804, and is bounded and described as 
follows', to-wit : Beginning at a stake stand- 
ing on the northwest corner of Back street, 
X". 78 degrees, E. 302 poles, to a stake in 
Remembrance Williams' land, thence S. 83 
degrees, E. 61 poles, to the northeast corner 
of the out lots of said town, thence S. 12 de- 
grees. E. 83 poles, to the corner of lot 27, 
thence S. 7 degrees, W. 30 poles, to a stake 
on the bank of the Shawnee run ; thence 
down said run with the meanders thereof to 
the south end of West street, thence with the 
west side of said street, X*. 12 degrees, W. 
127 poles, to the beginning, including all the 
in lots and fractional in lots and all the out 
lots numljered and marked on the town plat 
oi said town, as recorded in the office of the 
recorder of said county, containing two hun- 
dred and seventy acres, be the same more 
or less: being comprised in one plat as 
aforesaid, and being part of a survey for 
one thousand acres, X'o. 2243, entered and 
surveyed for Warren and Addison Lewis, 
patented to Robert Pollard. 

That on account of the late act for in- 
corporating the said town having become in- 
operative, many inconveniences have been 
experienced by reason of disorders, nuis- 
ances, which have been openly and secretly 
created bv ignorant <ir malicious persons to 
the great detriment and annoyance of the 
peaceably disposed citizens, and that so long 
as the present state of things continues no 
approiiriation can be made of the money col- 
lected by taxes for two years, during which 
the aforesaid law was inoperative, for the 



benefit of the town, by erecting a market 
house, improving the streets, or any other 
public or useful purpose by any existing 
authority competent thereto. 

We therefore pray that the said town of 
Xenia may be incorporated according to 
law. and that the honorable court will take 
all due measures for the accomplishment of 
this desirable object, and your petitioners as 
ill duty bound will ever pray. 

Signed by William Kendall. Francis 
Kendall, James Watson, Enoch Hixson, 
Robert Gillespie, John Hivling, Jonathan H. 
\\'allace, John Davis, Joseph Culbertson, 
Eli Harlan. \\'illiam Richards. Sannid Gow- 
dy, William Currie, John Flowers, James 
Popenoe, William Johnson, Henry McBride, 
Abraham Corson, David Stewart, Joseph 
Barker. James L. Johnson, James Gill, John 
Gowdy, Warren Aladden, Ryan Gowdy, 
Benjamin Xewkirk, Robert ]\IcKenzie. Sam- 
uel M. Good. Joseph Johnson, J. Herdle- 
son, James Galloway, Jr., John Dorsey, 
Thomas Gillespie. Joseph Hamill. Samuel 
Shaw, Jonathan Owens, Moses Collier. Rob- 
ert True, Robert Casbold, John Milton, 
Mills Edwards, Josiah Talbert, James Gow- 
dy, David Connelly, .Andrew W. Davidson, 
James Edwards, Henry Barnes. Sr., George 
Townsley, James Jacoby. John Deary, Pleas- 
ant Moorman. Andrew Moorman, George 
Townley, Josiah Davidson. William Don- 
r.el, Elijah Ferguson. William E'llsberry. 
John Stull, Lemuel John, William John. 
David Douglas, John Van Eaton, George 
M. Smith. John Howard, Stephen Howard. 
and John Williams. 66. March 24. 18 17. 

XEXI.\ IX 181 7. 

The fathers of Greene county's public 

mterest were said to have been honest and 
economical men; no one going through their 
accounts could for a niDment think other- 
wise, quick to plan and prompt to carry out 
their plans. This was especially true as re- 
gards her first commissioners. When a new 
township was to be laid out in answer to 
petitions from her citizens, it was promptly 
done and the necessary machinery soon put 
in m<jtion to bring about that result. When 
a new road was called for the same prompt- 
ness marks their every act. Samuel Gamble. 
John Haines and Thomas Hunter were the 
commissioners at the time of the sale of 
that jjart of the public square. Hmv long 
they had been jilanning to save money to the 
county by the sale of the aforesaid portion 
is not known. \\'e learn from the records 
that on the 4th dav of January, 1S17. they 
met for the purpose of surveying and mark- 
ing the different lots that were to be sold 
of the public square, and to make prepara- 
tion for their sale agreeable to an order from 
court. William A. Beatty, director for the 
town of Xenia. makes his report to them un- 
der date of February 14, 1817, as follows: 

To the Honorable Court of Conuiiission- 
ers of the County of Greene, Gentlemen: I 
have proceeded to and ha\e sold the lots in 
Xenia vou ordered me to sell; the jiersons 
who purchased and the prices they brought 
are as follows: John Barber, part of in lot 
Xo. 62, $482.00; George Townsley. i)art of 
in lot Xo. 65, $615.00; George Townsley. 
part of in lot Xo. 62, $315.00; John Davis, 
part of in lot Xo. 62, $482.00; Ryan Gow- 
dy, lot Xo. ^~,. $1,381.00; total amount. 
$3,253.00. I believe the above statement to 
be correct. William .A. Be.a.tty. 

Director of Xenia. 



Tile one marked Xo. ;^^. facing on Main 
street fifty-seven feet and running hack (ine 
hundred and sixty-five feet along the eastern 
boundary line of the inihlic square (Greene 
street not opened), has quite a history, and 
a story of the same might he written. 

Ryan Gowdy and James Gnwdv \s. 
Commissioners of Greene county. This 
action was filed June 17. 18 17. This suit 
brought by Ryan and James Gowdy against 
the commissioners of Greene countv ap- 
pears to have settled forever the Cjuestion 
of the right of the commissioners to sell or 
dispose of any of the public square. And 
to James Gowdy to-da\- the ])eople of Greene 
county are under oliligations for saving to 
us intact as it came from the hand of the 
donor, John Paul, the afnresaid public 
square. There ma}- ha\c been (ni the part 
of Mr. Gowdy something partaking of the 
nature of selfishness, or what might be called 
business tact, or shrewdness, that prompted 
him to this act. He speaks through his at- 
torney, John Alexander, of the time he first 
came to Xenia from Kentucky to locate here 
in 1805, how he had been led to purchase 
the lot next to the ])ublic s(|uarc, that he 
was assured that it wnuld be a good loca- 
tion for a merchant, that no one could en- 
gage in the same business, at least not west 
of him, and therefore he located there, and 
was successful in business, had been engaged 
there for eleven years or more, when ior 
the first time he learns of the action of the 
commissioners, — learns of their order to 
William A. Beatty. the director of the town, 
to put up at puljlic auction and to sell part 
of the public square, and knowing one of 
these lots was Xo. 35, which would be a 
good location for some one and which he 
considered would be an injury t(j him to 

allow some one else to buy. it was no wonder 
that even though he had doubts of the com- 
missioners' right to sell, yet he did not want 
to take any chances, and therefore instructed 
his brother, Ryan, to attend the sale and to 
buy that lot next to him at any price. He 
intimates that some one was seeking to in- 
jure him in his business and had used un- 
due influence over the commissioners in hav- 
ing them include lot Xo. 35, the one next 
to him. And mnv after the lapse of nearly 
one hundred years we look at the price the 
other four sold for and compare what he 
had to pay for lot .\'o. 35. the one next to 
him, and it does seem as though some one 
did want that one and wanted it badly. 
The case as has been said had gotten into 
court. A little more than one year later, De- 
cember 2~. 1818, James Gowdy, through 
his attorney, the Hon. John Alexander, in- 
troduces his amended bill of complaint, and 
in that he speaks of his ignorance of the 
law. and had he known that the commis- 
sioners could not give him a good title to 
the lot he bought he would not have given 
one cent for the aforesaid lot. But at the 
time of the sale he was in doubt, and others 
with whom he had conversed were also un- 
certain, and were of the opinion that the 
commissioners had transcended their power 
as agents of the company to sell that which 
had been donated to the county expressly for 
public liuildings for the county. But the 
tiiue for action was short, and he did not 
want to take any risl^, and had his brother, 
Ryan, to attend the sale and purchase the 
lot, and farther stated that if the court 
thouglit the action of the commissioners was 
legal and a clear title could be given he 
would abide by the sale and pay the three 
notes that had been given by him, one of 



which would have been due six months after 
said sale; one in twehe months and the last 
in eighteen months after date. This had 
been made a test case, brought, as has been 
said, a short time before the first note of 
!Mr. Gowdy would have been due. The 
names of other parties who had jmrchased 
lots were not shown in the case. Without 
pursuing the matter further, the supreme 
court, Mav term, 182 1, granted a decree in 
favor of complainants, and the commission- 
ers were ordered to return the notes to the 
parties who gave them. John Alexander, 
attorney for complainants, and Francis 
Dunla\-ey, for defendants, before the Hon. 
Calvin Pease, chief judge for the supreme 
court. The lot on which this suit was 
brought has been described as Xo. 35. The 
other four lots were on Detroit and ?klarket 
streets (then called Third street), beginning 
at the northern end of what is now Greene 
street, beginning at a point on Detroit street 
one hundred and sixty-five feet south of 
the northwest corner of the public stjuare. 
The outer lines of the lots extending tlience 
northerly to Market street, thence easterly 
tt the east line of what is now Greene street, 
thence southerly on that line one hundred 
and sixty-five feet on Detroit street, the two 
lots being si.xtv-six feet deep. On Market 
tlie lot was one hundred and four and one- 
half feet deep, and the northeast corner lot 
was sixty-seven feet on Market street. The 
public square contains one and one-half acres 
of ground. 


He was the successor of William Rich- 
ards as auditor of Greene county (1837- 
1854), and was followed by James A. Scott. 

who filled the office two terms. He was the 
most eccentric as well as the most beloved 
man of his time in Greene county. He was 
nearly six feet in stature, very fleshy, florid 
face and was very deaf. His voice was 
light, pitched upon a high key, and he was 
a complete specimen in his simplicity of a 
child man, susceptible and quickly- responsive 
to e\ery shade of emotion. At one moment 
when speaking of something sad his face 
would put on the most solemn aspect, and 
his fine high voice crying tones, then in a 
twinkling, as something droll flitted across 
his memory which he would relate, there 
would come out a nierrv laugh. The expres- 
sion of his face when at rest was sad, as is 
usual with very deaf people of strong and 
social natures. Mr. Wright was indeed 
what tliey term a character, one worthy of 
the pen of a Dickens. He was a native of 
Brunswick county. Virginia, and was a lad 
twelve years of age when, in 181 1, he first 
came to Xenia. \\"hen a young man he had 
l>een a teacher under Father Finley. the mis- 
sionary to the Wyandots. He had studied 
law. but becoming too deaf to practice the 
people gave him the piisition of county 
auditor. He was a poor accountant, but he 
got along with an assistant. His deficiencies 
made no difference, his superabounding af- 
fection for everybody was such that the plain 
farmers, irrespective of party, would have 
given him any ofliice he wanted. He was 
such a warm friend of everj'body, and so 
anxious to do everybody some good. He 
was a Republican, loved his native Virginia, 
and told some excellent anecdotes illustra- 
tive of the aft'ection some of the old-time 
slave holders had for their old servants, 
with whom they had Ijegun life as children 
together in play. Mr. Wright was also inter- 



ested in writing piuneer sketches, many of 
wliich he liad gleaned from his old friends, 
James Collier and Jacob Haines. It is said 
that he had at one time compiled what would 
have made a book of two thousand pages, 
which became scattered and lost. He died 
in Xenia, I*"ebruary 24, 1871, at the age of 
seventy-three years, and is buried in Wood- 
land cemetery. But as yet he sleeps in an 
jnmtarked grave. He was also editor of a 
newspaper in Xenia pulilished by James 
Douglass, 1 829- T 833. "The Xenia Tran- 
script.'' Among the stories that are on rec- 
ord, written by Thomas Coke Wright, the 
story of Josiah Hunt is of grreat ip.terest, 
from the fact that from the years 1802 to 
1814 he was a resident of Caesarscreek 
township. .\t the former date he had pur- 
chased of Edward ^Mercer fifty acres of land 
situated on the road from Spring \'alley 
leading to Painters\-ille, as you go south on 
what is now called the Burlingtun pike, and 
where the i)ike intersects the Spring Valley 
pike, turning to the left on what is now 
known as the Robert Ferguson farm, was 
the cabin of Jose])h Hunt, niit far west of 
the residence of Mr. Ferguson. He removed 
from Greene county in 1814. going, I think, 
to Madison, Indiana. Josiah Hunt was a 
.stout, well formed man, hea\'y set. capable of 
enduring great hardships and privations, 
ar.d was a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church. There was a tone of candor 
and sincerity, as well as modcstv in his man- 
ner of relating the thrilling scenes of which 
he had been an actor, which left no doubt 
of the truth in the minds of those wdio heard 
him. He was one of Wayne's legion, and 
was in the battle of the "Fallen Timber," 
•on the 20th of August. 1794. At the com- 
mencement of the onset, just after entering 

the fallen timber, Hunt was rushing on and 
alxiut to spring over a fallen tree, when he 
was fired at by an Indian concealed behind 
it. The latter was compelled to fire in such 
haste that he missed his aim. It was, how- 
ever, a close shave, for the bullet whizzed 
through the lock of his right temple, caus- 
ing that ear to ring for an hour afterward. 
The Indian's body was entirely naked from 
the waist up, with a red stripe painted up 
and down his back. As soon as he fired he 
took to his heels. Hunt aimed at the center 
of the red stripe, the Indian running zig- 
zag like the worm of a fence, ^\'hen he 
fired the Indian bounded up and fell for- 
ward. He had fought his last battle. 

Hunt was an excellent hunter. • In the 
winter of 1793 while the army lay at Green- 
ville he was appointed to supply the officers 
with game, and in consequence was exempt 
from garrison duty. The sentinels had or- 
ders to allow him to leave and enter the 
fort whenever he chose. The Indians made 
a practice of climbing trees in the vicinity 
of the fort, the better to watch the garrison. 
If a person was seen to go out. notice was 
taken of the direction he went, his path am- 
bushed and his scalp secured. To avoid this 
danger. Hunt always left the fort in the 
darkness of the night, for said he. "When 
once I had gotten into the woods without 
their knowledge I had as good a chance as 
they." He was accustomed on leaving the 
fort to proceed some distance in the direction 
He intended to hunt the next day, and camp 
for the night. To keep from freezing •■o 
death it was necessary to have a fire, but to 
show a light in the enemy's countrv wtis 
to invite certain destruction. To avoid this 
danger he dug a hole in the ground with his 
tomahawk about the size and depth of a 



hat crown. Having prepared it properly, 
lie procured some roth, meaning some thick 
oak bark, from a dead tree, wliich will re- 
tain a strung heat when covered with its 
ashcj. Kindling- a fire from flint and steel 
at the l)ottoni of his "coal pit," as he termed 
it. the hark was turn into strips and placed 
in la_\-ers crtisswise until the pit was full. 
After it was sufficiently ignited it was cov- 
ered o\'er with dirt with the exception of 
two air holes in the margin, which could l)e 
opened or closed at pleasure. Spreading 
down a layer of bark or brush to keep him 
oft' the Cold griiund, he sat down with the 
"coal pit"' between his legs, enveloped him- 
self with his blanket and slept cat dozes in 
aii uprigiTt position. If his fire became too 
much smi>thered he wouUl freshen it up by 
blowing into one of the air holes. He de- 
clared he could nfake himself sweat when- 
ever he chose. The snapping of a dry twig 
was sufficient tn awaken him. When, un- 
covering his head, he keenly scrutinized in 
the darkness and gloom around, his right 
l:and on his trusty rifle ready for the mis- 
chance of the Imur. 

A ]5erson now, in full security from dan- 
ger, enjoying the comforts and refinements 
of civilized life can scarcely bring his mind 
to realize his situation, cr do justice to the 
powers of bodily endurance, firmness of 
ner\-e, self-reliance and courage, manifested 
by him that winter. A lone 'man in a dreary, 
iriterminablc forest, swarming with enemies, 
bloodthirsty, crafty and of horrid barbarity, 
withmit a friend or human help to afford relief, or the aid in the depth of 
winter, the freezing winds moaning through 
the bare and leafless trees, while the dismal 
howling of a pack of wolves, cruel as death 
and hungry as the gra\-e. liurning for blood, 

bonv, gaunt and grim, might be heard in the 
distance mingled with the bowlings of the 
wintry winds, were well calculated to create 
a lonely sensation about the heart and ap- 
pall any common spirit. There would he sit 
nodding in his blanket indistinguishable in 
the ilarkness from an old stump, enduring 
the rigor of winter, keeping himself from 
freezing, yet showing no fire, calm, ready 
and prompt to engage in mortal combat with 
whatever enemy might assail, whether In- 
dian, bear or panther. At daylight he com- 
menced hunting, proceeding slowly with ex- 
treme caution, looking for game and watch- 
ing for Indiaiis at the same time. When he 
found a deer, previous to shooting it he put 
a bullet in his mouth, ready for reloading 
his gun with all possible dispatch, which 
he did before removing from the spot. Cast- 
ing searching glances in every direction for 
Indians, cautiously approaching the deer 
after he had shot it, he dragged it to 
a tree and commenced dressing it with 
his back towards the tree and his rifle 
leaning against it in reach of his right 
hand. And so with his rear protected 
bv the tree he would skin a short time, 
then straighten up and scan in every 
(lirectiiin to see if the report of his 
rifle liad brought an Indian into his vicinity, 
then applv himself to skinning again. If 
he heard a stick break or the slightest noise 
indicating the presence of animal life, he 
clutched his rifle instantly and was on the 
alert prepared for any emergency. Having 
skinned and cut up the animal, the four quar- 
ters were packed in the hide, which was so 
arranged as to be slung on his back like a 
knapsack, with which he wended his way to 
the fort. If the deer was killed far from 
the garrison he only Isrought in four quar- 



ters. One day he hnd gotten within gun 
shot of three Indians unperceived by them. 
He was on a ridge anil they in a liollrnv. 
He tooi< aim at the foremost one, and waited 
some time for two to range with eacli other, 
intending, if they got in tliat position, to 
slioot two and take his cliance witli tlie otlier 
in single comliat, but tliey continued to 
march in Indian file and though he should 
have killed one of them, the other two 
would ha\e made the odds against him too 
great, so lie let them pass unmolested. 
Amidst all the dangers to which he was ex- 
posed he passed unharmed. Owing to the 
constant and powerful exercise of the fac- 
ulties, his ability to hear and discriminate 
sounds was wonderfully increased, and the 
perceptive faculties much enlarge<l. He 
made seventy dollars that winter by lunit- 
ing. over and alx)ve his pay as a soldier. At 
the treaty of Greenville, in 1795. the In- 
dians seemed to consider Hunt as the next 
greatest man to Wayne himself. They in- 
quired for him, got round him and were 
loud and earnest in their praises and com- 
pliments. "Great man. Captain Hunt. 
Great warrior, good hunting man, Indian 
no kill him." They informed him that some 
of their Ijravest aud most cunning warriors 
had often set out to kill him. They knew 
how he made his secret camp fire, the in- 
genuity of which excited their admiration. 
The parties in quest of him had often seen 
him. could describe the dress he wore and 
his cap, which was made of a raccoon skin 
with the tail hanging d(iwn l>ehind. the front 
turned up and ornamented with three brass 
rings. The scalp of such a great hunter 
and warrior they considered to be a great 
trophy. Yet they never could catch him off 
his guard, never get within shooting dis- 

tance without being discovered and exposed 
to his death dealing rifle. 


Was the first physician to settle in Xenia, 
which was in the fall of 1805. He was an 
enterprising, public-spirited citizen, and in 
181 1 built the tirst brick house ever erected 
here, on Main street, near the site of Brice 
Knox's saddle shop, and in 1814 he built 
the first stone house in the ti>\vn, als(_i on 
Main street, of which a part was occui)ied 
by the late John Dodd as a grocery. June 
1.5, 1807, Dr. Andrew- Davidson and Re- 
becca Todd were married by William Mc- 
Farland, Esq., this marriage being Xo. 99 
on the marriage records of the county. Sub- 
se(|uently the Doctor became a merchant and 
tailor. In the course of his business, 1820- 
21. he movetl with his family to Columbus, 
Indiana, and subsequently to Madison, In- 
diana, wiiere he died in the thirty-ninth year 
of his age. Dr. Andrew Davidson and wife 
were of those wdio constituted the old asso- 
ciate congregation of Xenia, under the pas- 
torate of the Rev. Francis Pringle in 181 1. 


W'.'is burn in Loudoun county. Virginia, 
March 2;^. 1791, and died in Louisville, 
Kentucky. X^ovember 30, 1865. When quite 
young he commenced to study medicine with 
Dr. HufT, in the town of Waterford, and 
while engaged in the prosecution of his 
studies he attended a course of lectures in 
Philadelphia under the celebrated Dr. Rush, 
but completed his medical education in the 
west and graduated in Lexington, Ken- 



tr.cky. Some time after lie had commenced 
practice, in company with his precqDtor. he 
emigrated to Ohio, in 1813, travehng from 
W'aterford to \MieeHng on horseback and 
in Nvagons, and thence to . Cincinnati 
down the Oliio in tlatboats, Cincinnati at 
that time l)eing- a village compared to its 
present condition, and to all appearances 
tliere were already-there fully as many physi- 
cians as it was thought the population of the 
place would warrant: he consequently had 
to look elsewhere for a suitable location, and 
after visiting several places he located in 
Xenia. Accordingly in the fall of 1813 he 
settled in Xenia, Ohio, and commenced to 
practice medicine. At that time there was 
prevailing here and in the west an epidemic 
kjK.iwn as the cold plague, which the older 
physicians were not successfully treating, it 
being very fatal. His mode of treatment 
was successful and at once brought him into 
extensix'e practice, which extended south to 
Lebanon, north to Urbana, east to Wash- 
ington and beyond Londton, and \\est of 
Dayton. The country was then new. the 
roads bad, the streams destitute of bridges, 
and the traveling disagreeable and danger- 
ous, yet such was his temperament that when 
called to see a patient he always obeyed the 
call. Although liaving an extensive prac- 
tice, he received little pay, and as he had his 
labor to depend on for his stipport, after two 
years he removed to Lawrenceburg. Indi- 
ana, where he embarked in the mercantile 
business with his brother. The investment 
was not a success, and in a short time he 
lost all and also involved himself. This sat- 
isfied him with that \-enture, and he deter- 
mined t(i persevere in his profession. After 
a little more than one vear's absence he re- 
turned to Xenia and resumed his practice. 

On the 4th of June, 1818, he was united in 
marriage to Hester W'hiteman, daughter of 
General Benjamin \Miiteman, with wlnim 
he lived until her death, in February, 1834. 
In April, 1835, he was united in marriage 
to Sarah Poague. who died in 1840, leaving 
an infant daughter. In 1814 his father's 
family emigrated to Ohio and settled in 
Lebanon, Warren county, where his father 
died in 1824, after which his mother and 
four sisters made their home with him. His 
mother died in 1835. '^'''d his eldest sister 
in 1851, while his three surviving sisters 
and daughter constituted the family that he 
left at his death. \\'hen his body was 
brought back from Louisville for burial al- 
most the whole town turned out to pay the 
last tribute Oif respect to his memory. Few 
men ha\-e left an impress of their own char- 
acter on a community so distinctlv marked 
as has Dr. Joshua Martin. 


Came to Xenia in 1814 and in 1820 was 
elected to represent Greene county in the 
house of the Ohio legislature. He removed 
from the county to Galena, Illinois, where he 
died, June 5, 1847. aged sixty-four years. 


\\"as also a resident of Xenia in 181 7. I 
think he removed from here to Madison, In- 
diana, and Dr. Jeremiah Wciolsey. the 
grandfather of the present ^Irs. Dr. Wool- 
sin;, of Xenia, was here as a physician in 
the year 1827; he remo\-ed from here to 
Cincinnati. Ohio, where he died February 
6. 1834. A brother of his. Daniel by name, 
was also a resident of Xenia and he remo\-ed 
to Evans\'ille, Indiana. 




Long ago Dr. Bell was a practicing 
physician at Bellbrook, Ohio. He had quite 
a local reputation, but in later years he re- 
mv)ved to Xenia. wliere he died. 


Though a neighborhood center, rtrst it 
was called X'ewport's mill, then again it was 
known as Hanna's store, then as the 
"Burgh," next as Milford, and finally as 
Cedar\ille. Xo ]>hysicians there in early 
days; Ur. INIcTruue was there in 1833, and 
next probably Dr. Andrew Cowden. who re- 
moved to Washington, Iowa,, where he died. 


In 1826 Dr. Joseph Templeton, from 
western Pennsyhania, settled in Xenia, and 
iiad an extensive practice and great influ- 
ence outside of professional life. He was 
one of the early abolitionists, and thus be- 
came a valuable support to his pastor, Rev. 
Samuel Wilson, D. D. Our young fellow 
citizens can have but a very indistinct idea 
of the moral courage necessary to be an 
alx)litionist in those days. Dr. Templeton's 
wife is said to have been the first to estab- 
lish schools for colored children in Xenia. 
On account of familv ties, Dr. Templeton re- 
turned to Pennsylvania and w'as succeeded 
by Dr. Samuel Martin. But after a lapse 
of a few years he returned to Xenia, oc- 
cupying the prtiperty known as the R. F. 
Howard homestead. In 1843 he again went 
to Washington, being made very wealthy by 
the estate of his father-in-law, deceased. In 
1865 he made a brief visit to Xenia and died 

suddenly a few days after his return home. 
A leading dentist of Pittsburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, is a namesake and nephew of Dr. 
'J'empleton. He is a man six feet, three 
inches tall, and weighs two hundred and si.x- 
ty [Kjunds, although he weighed but three 
pou!ids at his birth. 


Died at his residence in Xenia, Ohio, on 
Saturday morning, June 21, 1879. aged 
eighty-three years. He was a native of Ire- 
land and educated in Glasgow University, 
Scotland, for the English navy. But on 
graduating he declined to enter the service, 
married his first wife and began the prac- 
tice of his profession in Ireland. In less 
tlian a year his wife died, and the young 
doctor sought the United States as a place 
for a short sojourn, but soon becaine so well 
l)leased with the country that he determined 
to make it his home. He settled in Xobles- 
ville, Pennsylvania, where he married Miss 
Helen Anderson, the mother of his children, 
and who died in Xenia about 1859. In 1834 
Dr. Martin became a resident of Xenia, 
Ohio, and for forty-five years, with the ex- 
ception of a few years, he was continually 
engaged in the successful practice of his pro- 
fession. He had many generous qualities, 
and had endeared himself to a large number 
of friends. His last wife was Miss Nancy 
Liggett, who during his last days and 
through his illness waited upon him with 
great kindness and faithfulness. Dr. George 
Watt, one of his pupils, has left on record 
his recollections and tribute of respect to our 
subject as follows: "Dr. Samuel Martin 
was no ordinary man and his life in this 
community no ordinar}^ career. In the prime 



of his manhood he came among us in 1834, 
and was immediately recognized as a lead- 
mg physician Ijy the extensive practice ac- 
corded to him. He gave his whole mind 
to the practice of his profession and enlist- 
ing into his service an extensive library and 
the leading medical journals of the day. His 
patrons recognized him not only as their 
phyiscian, but their friend." 

The present generation have no concep- 
tion of the hardships of the practice at that 
early day. The average roads of that day 
would be regarded as impassable to-day. A 
strong horse with a saddle were the requis- 
ites. Day and night through mud and storm 
did Dr. Martin plod his way till his form 
became familiar to all, and he continued to 
be "the man nn horseback"' till laid aside 
about five _\ ears before his death by paraly- 
sis. As a teacher of young men. Dr. Mar- 
tin was earnest, industrious and faithful. 
.\t least some of liis pupils can recall 
"horseback"' recitations of twenty to forty 
miles in length, interrupted only by occas- 
sional stops to examine and prescribe for 
patients. Seven of his pupils attended his 
funeral, four of them, residents of this city, 
being pall bearers. At last, however, the 
silver cord began to loosen and after a long 
and patient waiting the wheels of life stood 
still and the old man passed to his rest. 
John W. Shields also adds his tribute, as 
follows: '"He was kind and generous even 
to a fault: had he saved his earnings, he 
would ha\e been rich. I remember, in 1S49, 
when the cholera was so fatal here, that Dr. 
Martin fitted up part of his stable as a hos- 
pital, and there he nursed and doctored 
homeless Irishmen until they were able to 
return to work on the railroad which was 
ll-.en l)eing built. During the last few years 

his mind dwelt chiefly on religious matters, 
and his readings were all of that nature. 
We will not soon forget him as he sat in the 
shade by the door reading his Bible, but he 
has gone to his rest and we will cherish his 



In connection with this it mav not be 
out of place to add here some history in re- 
gard to Dr. Martin"s old home, which is 
still standing on East Main street, Xenia. 
The house in which the late Dr. Martin lived 
for fort\--five years was built by Robert Cas- 
bolt in 1 81 4. and is now among the few re- 
maining monuments of the olden times. 
Only a few of our oldest citizens will re- 
member Mr. Casbolt. who used to act as 
constable and tax collector. "He had tender 
eyes and on cold windy days would ride with 
a vail over his face. Mr. Casbolt and his 
wife. Polly, came here in 1806, when Xenia 
was quite new. When he first came to 
Green county, like many old pioneers, he 
made Sugarcreek township his first home. 
He removed from there to Xenia in 181 1 
and became a resident of Xenia, and, as 
tradition says, "the course of true love never 
runs smooth." and Robert Casbolt, who was 
thirty, found it difficult to marry Polly 
Todd, a precocious maiden of fourteen. 
Polly was willing but the old folks were not. 
An elopment was planned. Poll}- went out 
in the shade of the evening to milk. and. 
setting her pail on the fence, led her father's 
horse out of the stalile. jumped on behind lover, rode away and they were mar 
ried. In the early times here Mrs. Casbolt 
practiced a very useful vocation, as many 
now living can well attest. On such oc- 
casion she would frequently witch for water 



with a peacli tree nxl, telling how far the_\' 
wmild have to dig by the ninl of the wand. 
Mrs. Casbolt was a strong-minded woman, 
and had she li\'ed in these days when women 
have organized for their recjuired rights she 
would have stood high among them. 

Robert Casbolt was a soldier of the war 
of 181 _', under Captain Robert McClellan, 
of Sugarcreek township. He was also a sol- 
dier of the war of the Revolutioid, in t!ie 
Continental army. He was placed o'; liie 
roll as pensioner for that war. Septembe" 
27, 1832, at the rate of eighty dollars per 
year. Sometime in the '40s he remo\x'd to 
Sidney, Ohio. 


JJr. Horace Lawrence was the lirst one 
I ever saw, and I do not recollect at what 
]>eriod of time: he resided near Bloxsoms 
bridge, where the Columbus pike crosses 
Massies creek, some five miles east of Cedar- 
ville; he retired from practice at middle life. 
Two of iiis nephews were physicians, Dr. 
Deluna Lawrence, eldest brother of Mrs. 
Joseph l>rotherton, and Dr. Horace Law- 
rence, son of Levi L. ; the former died 
young, the x'ictiin of consumption; the other 
was killed by acciden at Kenton, Ohio, where 
he had succeeded the writer in practice. 
Both were good physicians and gentlemen. 


Dr. Winans came from Maysvillc, Ken- 
tucky, to Greene county in 1820, and pur- 
chased land in what is now Silvercreek 
townshi]), but practiced medicine in James- 
town, and in later years had his son-in-law. 
Dr. John Dawson, for a partner. He was 

the father of Judge James Winans, and, I, two of his sons were ph_\-sicians. He 
had a large practice. It was said ll".at he 
was sceptical in early life, but I can best 
recollect him as a minister of the Christian 
or Disciples church. Dr. Harper, a promi- 
nent physician of Lima, Ohio, married one 
of his daughters. He died in Cincinnati in 
July, 1849, aged fifty-eight years, and was 
buried at Jamestown. 


Dr. Ewlass Ball as early as 1827 kept a 
store at Clifton, then Patterson's mill, and, 
1 think, practiced medicine; also Dr. Joshua 
Wilson, late of West Second street, Xenia, 
and Dr. Prescott also practiced at Clifton 
at a later date. Dr. Prescott afterward be- 
came a lawyer, still later a preacher. It is 
stated that a young man asked his advice 
as to selecting a profession and he recom- 
mended him to the law, saying a man will 
contribute a dime to his soul's salvation, a 
quarter to be restored to health, but for the 
satisfaction of having his own wa\- the "al- 
might dollar" will be sacrificed. 


On the nth of Jime, 1830, the com- 
missioners and auditor proceeded to estimate 
the annual income of the practicing' law- 
yers and physicians, and to charge a tax 
upon each of them, which tax, as charged, 
i^ attached to their respective names on the 
list returned by the assessors to the auditor. 


John Alexander. William Ellsberry. 



Aaron Harlan. Tliomas C. Wright, Joseph 
SexUn and Cornehus Clark. 


Joshua ]\lartin, Joseph Johnson. Joseph 
Templeton. Jeremiah Woolsey, William 
Bell, Matthias W'inans, Horace Winans, 
Robert E. Stevens, Ewlass Ball, Randolph 
R. Greene. Lenard Rush and AI. P. Baska- 


Stacey Haines. Mounce Hawkins, Fred- 
erick Beemer, Amassa Reid, James Hays, 
Childress Askew, Thomas P. Moorman and 
Abraham Cause. 


"During my last atifliction I thought I 
might spend a portion of my time in jotting 
down a little sketch of people and things as 
they were about Xenia from sixty to sev- 
enty-five years ago. It may interest some 
who know but little about pioneer life in 
those early days. I was born in Shenandoah 
county, \'irginia, March 14, 1813, and that 
fall Davis Allen, my grandfather, came to 
Ohio to look for a new home. He had a 
couple of brothers-in-law living in Greene 
county, and. of course, it was natural for 
him to make them a visit. One of them, 
John Haines, lived on a farm now divided 
into two farms, one owned by John Middle- 
tiai, and the other by David S. Harntr. He 
occupied the house that was known a few 
years ago as the Chaney house. The house 
was built three years before he moved into 
it. making it about seventv vears old, a 

pretty ripe age for a house. The other 
brother-in-law was Edward Walton, of 
Spring \'alley. There is a representation of 
his log cabin in the Greene County Atlas. 
.\fter visiting with those friends, the next 
thing was to select a new home. He se- 
lected a beautiful and fine tract of land lying 
right by the side of John Haines' farm. It 
is that portion of land that lies between the 
iron bridge road and the Dayton pike, now 
known as the Hawkins, Steele. Willian.i 
]\ioore and Lucas farms, containing in all 
a thousand acres, more or less. He then 
returned to his home in \'irginia for his 
family, consisting of his wife, Elizabeth Al- 
ien, and his children, Reuben, Deborah, 
Davis, Ji'hn, Obed, Barsheba, Homer, Milo 
and Jackson Allen. Two other families 
came with them ; the first of these consisted 
jt Mounce Hawkins and his wife Mary, 
nnd three children, Reuben, Joseph and 
Davis, tlie writer of this article. The sec- 
ond family consisted of Frederick Beemer 
and his wife Sarah and one child, Samuel. 
A young man by the name of Harve Evans west with the last family to grow up 
with the country, and he became clerk of 
the court in one of our eastern counties. All 
were now ready for the move and with five 
V. agons, a carriage, several head of cattle, 
in April, 1814, the line of march was taken 
up. A journey of six weeks was performed, 
with no railroads to speed you on the wa\'. 
Jn due time all landed near Xenia, safe with- 
out the loss of one of the crew. After pass- 
ing through Xenia thev landed in a couple 
of log cabins on the big farm that bad been 
bought the fall before. These cabins stood 
on the \\'illiam I\Ioore farm, near Shawnee, 
in which the three families summered. But 
soon the work of building commenced. Mr. 



Allen, liaving started brick-making for a 
house, expected tu winter in it, but the work 
did not get along far enough, and so he re- 
irained in one of the cabins for the winter. 
Father commenced to cut and hew logs on 
the site of the cross roads where Homer 
Hawkins now lives, and got up a story and 
a half hewed-log house and covered it. It 
had a stick and mud chimney about half the 
lieight of the house ; a doorway was cut 
with no door up, and a coverlid was used 
for a duur. Here father w intered through 

"Perhaps the next thing in order would 
be a description of the country. At that 
time it was almost a wilderness, no clearing 
being done on the Hawkins or Steele farms, 
except what part of the Old Town prairie 
that runs down across the bottoms. The 
rest of the farms owned by these two gentle- 
n;en was a dense forest with some littlej:)ar- 
rcns of large and heavy timbers. The 
Haines farm had some cleared land and sev- 
eral acres of prairie on it. Some clearing 
had been done on a part of the thousand-acre 
tract that grandfather had reserved for him- 
self. At this time the country abounded 
in wild animals, such as wolves, wild cats 
and wild hogs. Our nearest neighbors who 
were landholders were John Haines and 
Jonathan Paul, tlie first named gentleman 
living on part of the farm now owned by 
John B. Lucas. James Gill owned what is 
now the Richard Galloway farm, the fair 
ground, the Crawford, Xesbitt and ^^'ol)d- 
row land, also the field adjoining the fair 
ground on the west side. This James Gill 
was an Irishman and belonged to what was 
called 'the w hiskey boys,' of whom you ha\'e 
read in history. I have often heard him 
talk about it in his Irish bi'ogue. He said 

it was 'a bad piece of business," .but the old 
man has long since gone to his rest. 

"One of our neigh.bors was James Tow- 
ler. He ow'ued the lands where David Vor- 
hees and Peter Bankard used to live. He 
was a local Methodist preacher, and used 
to go among the Indians as a missionary, 
and at one time brought a couple of Indian 
boys home with him to have them educated. 
They remained in Xenia for some time, 
forming many acquaintances, and then re- 
turned to their tribes. Mr. Towler was one 
of the leaders of the Methodist church. 

"Other neighbors were near us, but they 
were only renters or leasers. I will conie 
back to my early boyhood days. I was 
pretty young w hen I first commenced going 
tc school, and so did not go regularly. The 
school was in a little log cabin, located 
about where John B. Lucas' house now 
stands, and my teacher's name was Amos 
Root. The next school that I attended was 
located where John Purdom now resides on 
the Boyd farm. The teacher was Julrus 
Hunter. The next school was taught by 
Israel Hanes, in a little room in the secouvl 
story of his own house. Still later Ransom 
Reel taught school at Old Town. The 
building in which he taught was of frame 
and was used for both school and church. 
William Galloway also taught in the same 
building about 1822. Thomas Steele was 
then living with his father in the old brick 
building on the Gordon lot. He taught 
school in a little frame building on or near 
w here the Center building now stands. The 
older brothers and myself were sent to him. 
I will mention some of the prominent schol- 
ars as far as I can remember ; David \\'. 
Connelly and Robert were among them. 
Da\-id was studying surveying, and after- 



wards distinguished himself in surveying 
for the government in tiie southern states, 
especially in Louisiana. Robert died with 
yellow fever while in the employ of his 
brother. Then there was James and Ben- 
jamin Grover; James afterward became 
clerk of the court of Greene county, and 
later a prominent Methodist preacher. 
Others among these pupils were Jack and 
Henry Barnes, the latter ex-sheriff of 
Greene county, James and Henry Larue and 
Jackson Allen. It may not be amiss to give 
some of the names of girls or young women. 
I will commence with tin; Connelly family. 
There were Xancy, iNlartiia and Mary Con- 
nelly. Harriet, Abigail and Joanna Hivling, 
-Rachel and Margaret Eyler, Mary and Lydia 
Eyler and Jennie Barnes. There were a host 
■•of other boys and girls ; among them were 
David and John Rader, and two families of 
Shaws, many of them are beneath the sod 
and others soon will be. 

"I will now speak of the town and its 
■surroundings. The city did not extend be- 
yond Church street on the north side, Mon- 
roe street was the east limit. Water street 
was the south limit, and the boundarv line 
on the west was the Cincinnati pike and 
West street. Most of the buildings were on 
Main street. John Alexander, the grand- 
father of W:iriiam J. Alexander, -had his 
home on a large lot in the vicinity of whefe 
Henry H. Eavey's fine residence now stands; 
also and close by and belonging to him was 
an orchard and deer park. The ])rincipal 
merchants were James and Ryan Govvdy, 
Hivling and Nunamaker and John Dodd. 
The hotels were the Hivling House, Collier 
House and the Browder House. This latter 
house was kept in the hewed-log house that 
stood on the site where the wholesale gro- 

cery now stands. Quite a contrast between 
it and the Florence Hotel of to-day. A tan- 
yard stood on the site of Chandler Brothers' 
coal office. A small stone building was used 
as a shop, and Robert Gowdy carried on 
the business. A blacksmith shop was run 
by John W'illiams in a log cabin shop that 
stood on the lot where Mrs. William B. 
Fairchild used to reside on Market street. 
And in this shop the first elephant that was 
e\er shown in Xenia was put on exhibition, 
and many of us had the chance of seeing our 
first elephant. The public buildings rf the 
town consisted of a court house, jail and 
market house. The court house occupied a 
part of the same ground that the present 
one does. It was a plain square building 
with a cupola to designate its use. In that 
house I cast my first vote. The jail was a 
small stone building made of those soft yel- 
low stones, such as lie east of James Ralls 
slaughter house. These stones proved an 
easy thing for the prisoners to pick holes 
through. The market house was a two- 
story structure, built with pillars, a sufficient 
distance apart to form stalls on each side 
and open at each end. This building stood 
on the public square, on Market street back 
of the court house." 

(In revising Mr. Hawkins" "old-time 
article" for publication the editor of the 
Gazette, on what was deemed good author- 
ity, made a correction about the market 
house, and gave a description of Xenia's 
market house a decade later than the one 
about which Mr. Hawkins wrote, hence the 
following from him : 

"Editor Gazette : The market house that 
I spoke of was on Main street and only one 
story high, and was nearly in the middle of 
the street ; its one end was perhaps two or 


1 x\ 

three rods east of Detroit street, and ex- 
tended up in front of the court house, and 
\v as so situated that tliey could drive on 
either side of it. The one on Market street 
was of later date. 1 do not known tliat I 
could hnd a man to prove the above, but 
nevertiieless it is true. — David Hawkins.") 
"I will now tell of some prominent 
gentlemen who were large land owners and 
whose land bordered on the town. The first 
of these was James Galloway, who owned 
a large tract of land bordering on the west 
and northwest of the tovviT The next was 
David Connelly, who owned the large tract 
of land norlh and northeast of the town, 
and now (nvned by the Silas Roberts' heirs, 
luist from this was the Robert D. Forsman 
farm, and tlie Benjamin Haines farm, or 
the Henry Conklin farm as it is now. With 
tile Sdutlieast and south I was not acquainted 
until it came to the Judge Grover farm, 
which has since been nearly all taken into 
the citw Mr. Cirover"s bouse is the present 
residence of Coleman Heaton. On the 
southwest was the farm of Henry Hypes, 
father of Mrs. Maria Drees and Mr. Sanuiel 
1 lypes ; s<me of bis land bordered on James 
Gangway's land. Close by James Gallo- 
way's land lay Samuel Govvdy'^ farm. Not 
far from these last named farms lay the 
gra\-el bank, a large portion of which was 
iiwncd by Abraham and John Hi\-ling. 
Abraham Hivling also owned that portion 
i«f land north of Church street and west of 
Detroit out as far as the Gordon's. This 
was then farm land and contained within 
its borders a house, barn and such other 
liuildings as pertain to a farm. The Gordon 
property, except the old brick house and lot 
that is southeast of them, and all land west 
to the Richard Galloway line, was owned 

by James Gowdy. Most of it was farm land, 
but the north end was forest, including John 
T. Harbine's lot. But the city has covered 
this farm land and even the forest. On the 
lot where Fawcett's jewelry store now is 
stood a little one-story brick house, which 
was first used as a school house, but it was 
afterward occupied by a man b\- the name 
of Tolbert as a hatter's shop, so there has 
been some change there. 

"1 will now come nearer luime; nearly 
all of Richard Galloway's farm was a for- 
est. We had no public road, but such roads 
as farmers have in their woodland to haul 
rails and wood over. A small field was 
cleared where tht race track now is in front 
of the Galloway house, and the field west 
close by was also cleared, but from there the 
remainder of the way home was through the 
woods, which in some places were pretty 
thick. NVhen we left Shenandoah county 
our colony numbered twenty in all. I am 
the only one left in the county, and all but 
three of these have been laid beneath the 
sod. Obed Allen, if living, is in Rochester, 
Indiana, and Homer Allen is in Bellefon- 
taine. Ohio." 


James A. Scott was born in Northumber- 
land county. Pennsylvania. January i, I794- 
In i8i2 he was a member of one of the 
companies composing a brigade of soldiers 
which left Pennsylvania and started to the 
scenes of action in which Hull and his forces 
were then engaged. On arriving at Pitts- 
burg they learned of Hull's surrender, and 
were ordered to Erie, where Perry was then 
engaged in building bis fleet. At Pittsburg 
thev were furnished with tents and other 



necessary equipments for their comfort. lia\ - 
ing been obliged to sleep in the open air. or 
sheds, pigpens or whatever old l>uildings 
they could find a place of shelter for a time. 
They remained for a short time and were 
ordered to Buffalo, where they were de- 
tained until late in December of that year, 
when they were discharged. They were 
left to get home as best they could, and 
voung Scott with many others traveled the 
distance, over two htmdred miles, on foot 
thrcugh the forest. They drew one month's 
pay while at Erie, which was all the wages 
that Scott received until he had been a resi- 
dent of this county some time. He again 
joined the army in 1S14. His brigade met 
once, organized at Danville, Pennsylvania, 
and proceeded toward Sandy Hook. They 
reached Northumberland, Pennsylvania, and 
here learned of the treaty of peace, and were 

In October, 1815, he came on a tour of 
inspection to this and adjoining counties in 
company with his brother John. They were 
accjuaintances and friends of John Jacoby 
(who then owned and run the Old Town 
mills) and his family, and with them they 
made their headquarters during their stay 
in this section. General Robert T. Fors- 
man was then a single man and lived with 
Henry Jacoliy, in partnership with whom 
he ran a distiller}-. He sold out his interest 
to his partner not long after the building 
of the distillery. 

During this trip Mr. Scott saw very little 
of Xenia, making a few short visits to the 
place. It then contained very few frame 
or lirick buildings. The principal business 
houses were l)uilt of logs, and nearly all the 
dwellings were log structures of a variety of 
styles and sizes. At that time there %yas a 

tavern about where John Glossinger's saloon 
used to be, kept by an Englishman. There 
was another just east of it kept by Thomas 
Gillespie, who was afterward appointed land 
commissioner in the northern part of the 
state by President Jackson. Connelly then 
kept the tavern near the old Hivling cor- 
ner. James Collier was then running his 
famous house on Detroit street and a Mr. 
Watson was proprietor of another on the 
south side of Main street, west of Detroit. 

The first mill built in the county was a 
small structure erected in 1799 near the site 
of the Harbine mill at Alpha. Some years 
after it proved too small for the increasing 
trade and was abandoned for a larger one, a 
frame building erected near by. A woolen 
mill was also built and put into operation 
at the same place. It was afterward used as 
a cotton factory for some time and then 
again converted into a woolen mill. This 
mill property then belonged to Jacob Smith, 
who was a member of the fourth general 
assembly of the state in 1805, as a senator 
from this and Clinton counties, which office 
he filled several times afterward. 

.Vfter weeks spent in the inspction of the 
different mills in this part of the state Mr. 
Scott and his brother John negotiated for the 
purchase of this property from Mr. Smith 
and then started back to Pennsylvania. They 
had not journeyed as far as the Scioto river 
^vhen James' horse died. The animal was 
an excellent one, and as usually found in 
the west at that time horses were of an in- 
ferior stock. INIr. Scott would not pur- 
chase one with which to complete his jour- 
ney home, but proceeded on foot. Some 
days he traveled as nnich as fifty miles, and 
would very often reach the point designated 
in the morning as the stopping place for the 



following night some time in advance of his 
brother who was on horsel)ack. Their aver- 
age rate of travel during the entire journey 
was between forty-five and forty-seven 
miles. Twenty-five miles this side of Pitts- 
burg, at a place then called Bricklings Cross 
Roads, his brother was taken very ill and 
they had to remain at this place some six 
weeks until the sick man was able to proceed 
on the journey. They arrived home during 
the holidays. Mr. Scott returned to this 
county in February. 18 16. and assumed 
charge of the mill purchased of Mr. Smith. 
Xot anticipating the immediate use of a 
horse after his arrival here, he declined to 
bring one with him and made the entire 
journey on foot. In the fall of the year he 
again returned tn Pennsylvania, this time 
making the trip nn horseback. 


On the 17th of October. 1816, he was 
married to Elizabeth S. Shannon, who was 
then living with her parents not far from 
]\Iilton, Pennsyhania. Slic was born July 
6, 1796. Mrs. Scott had a brother living in 
Piqua. Ohio, and another in Pennsylvania, 
these three being the only surviving mem- 
bers of a large family. Jnhn Shannon, who 
once li\-ed at Alpha, this county, was an- 
other brother. Soon after their marriage 
thev moved to this countv in a wagon. They 
lived in the house in which the first 'rourt. 
were held in this county, which was then the 
residence of Peter Borders, and in which he 
kept a tavern for many years. 

John Scott, u ho had accomiianied James 
on his first visit to this count}', lived with 
them here. He was a millwright and erect- 
ed a number of mills in this and adjoining 

counties. He afterward settled in Aliami 
county, where he died in the eighty-second 
\ear of his age. Captain Casper Snyder, 
James Fulton and two of James Scott's 
sons, \\'illiam and David, learned the trade 
with him. 

Mr. Scott tells of a case of sharp prac- 
tice which occurred in the neighborhood of 
Alpha some time before he came to the 
county, but of which he often heard after 
his arrival here. Jacob Herring was the 
owner of a tract of land near Beaver creek, 
nortii of Alpha. An adjoining tract lying 
between his land and the creek contained 
some verv excellent bottom land, and on it 
there were some very fine springs, and this 
Herring desired to possess. Benjamin 
W'hiteman learned of this desire and know- 
ing that the land had not yet been entered 
by any one went to Herring, assumed the 
right to sell the land, bargained with him 
for its sale at five dollars per acre, went 
immediately to Cincinnati and entered it in 
his own name at less than half that price, 
then returned and made Herring a deed 
for the land, making quite a sum of money 
in the operation, which Herring could have 
retained had he known to what party the 
land belonged. 

While running the mill ^Ir. Scott once 
sent his team to Cincinnati with a load of 
flour. On the return the driver missed the 
way and after wandering about in the for- 
ests of Clermont and Brown counties for 
many days finally reached the mill again 
after an absence of about three weeks. 

A few days after moving to this county, 
with his wife Mr. Scott came to Xenia to 
purchase necessary household goods. He 
selected a number of articles, among them 
a "dutch oven" at James Gowdy's store, had 

1 34 


them set aside, and then drove liis team to 
John Alitten's chair factory, wliich stood 
v\here the Grand Hotel now stands, to pur- 
chase some chairs. Having driven away 
from the store without paying for what he 
had selected, or telling Mr. Gowdy where 
he was going (he presumes that Gowdy 
thought he was going to leave the goods on 
his hands and had gone home without them) 
Mr. Gowdy sent John Ewing. a clerk in the 
store, in search of Mr. Scott and to inquire 
if he had forgotten the articles set aside for 
him. Mr. Scott satisfied him, however, by 
returning to the store after he had gotten 
the chairs and pa^-ing for the articles and 
taking them home. 

The German Reformed, as it was called, 
the Lutheran and.Xew Light were the only 
church organizations in that part of the 
county wlien Mr. and Mrs. Scott lived at 
Alpha. Their ancestors were Presbyterians, 
and as there was not then any organization 
of tliat denomination near them they at- 
tended the services of the Reformed and 
Lutheran churches for a number of years. 
These two denominations built a large log 
church about 1820, near the site of the pres- 
ent brick church edifice on the Dayton and 
Xenia road near Alpha. The two congre- 
gations occupied the church alternately. 
Rev. Thomas Winters, who li\ed near Dav- 
ton, the father of the popular David \\"m- 
ters, now of Dayton, and Rev. Thomas Win- 
ters, of Xenia, was then pastor of the Re- 
formed congregation. Rev. Da\'id Winters, 
then a young man, preached the first sermon 
Mr. Scott ever heard him preach in this 
church. Mr. Scott knew of but one ^leth- 
odist family in the township at diat time. 
It was the family of Jacob Xesbitt, father 
of Benoni Xesbitt, of Xenia. There was 

then no congregation of Dunkards in the 
township, but there were a few persons there 
of that denomination, and tnrough their ef- 
forts were induced to settle there, until in 
later years a congregation was organized, 
and still exists at Zimmermanville. Soon 
after the organization of the first Presby- 
terian congregation in this city, and when 
Rev. Moses Swift, now of Allegheny, was 
its paster, Mr. and Mrs. Scott united with it, 
and ha\'e since remained meml)ers of that 

Mr. Scott was well acquainted with .\s- 
sociate Judges Houston and Haines, who 
w ere his neighbors for a long time. Among 
other personal acquaintances and friends 
during the first year of his residence in this 
county were Henry Ankeney. Captain Jacob 
Shingledecker, Captain Robert IMcClellan 
and Major James Galloway, who were sol- 
'tliers in the war of 181 2. ^Ir. Hugh An- 
'drew , Mr. George Wright and Mr. Scott 
were the only pensioners of the war of 1812 
mider the old law that were living in 1879 
about Xenia. 

Mr. Scott said that the people then liv- 
ing in Bea\-ercreek township were the most 
sociable and hospitable, honorable and up- 
right in all their dealings of any community 
in which he had e\'er lived. It was made up 
principally of people from Pennsylvania and 
Maryland. His mill custom then extended 
to the east and south, east a distance of 
twent}-five or thirty miles. In addition to 
attending to the running of the mill he lieM 
the office of justice of the peace in that 
ti.wnship for five years. 

After conducting the mill business for 
over ten years the property was sold to a 
yiv. Herr, and from him to Mr. John Har- 
bine, and Mr. Scott then took charge of 



what was then caUed Staley's, afterwards 
Tresslar's, mill, a few miles farther down 
the river, where he remained for a short 

While there he was elected sheriff of the 
county and assumed the duties of that office 
in 1828, and held the uflice fur two succes- 
sive terms. At that time the county jail 
was an old stone building, which stood on 
the west side of the present city park. The 
county did not then provide a residence for 
the sheriff, and he lived in a small frame 
house on the same lot on East Second street 
where he was living at the time of his death. 
This building was moved in late years to 
East Church street. In 1833 'i'^ ^\'''=' elected 
to the state legislature and served one year 
as representative. • Before going to the leg- 
islature and after his return from that body 
he held the office of justice of the peace in 
Xenia. He. was then elected sheriff' and re- 
entered that office in 1836, again ser\ing 
two terms. Soon after the beginning of the 
first term a new jail was built in connec- 
tion with a sherift"s residence, on the east 
side of the public square, was completed, and 
Mr. Scott and his family settled in the resi- 
dence thus furnished them. The washing 
for the prisoners was done at the expense of 
the sheriff", who also had to furnish all nec- 
essary fuel and was paid only twenty-live 
cents per day for boarding each prisoner 
confined in the jail. There were then very 
few sheriff' sales; people then helped each 
other out of their financial difficulties, and 
there were few failures in business. What- 
ever sheriff' sales there were then, were al- 
most exclusively sales in partition. 

The law authorizing imprisonment for 
debt was then in force, and among many 
others confined in jail on that account while 

Mr. Scott was sheriff' was Dr. Thomas Neal, 
who was sentenced to a long tenn of im- 
prisonment. On account of his unusual 
trustworthy disposition in a matter of that 
kind he was for awhile allowed the priv- 
ileges of the jail yard during the day, and 
some times they permitted him to take a 
stroll about town. After his release Mr. 
Scott and others who took an interest in his 
welfare set him up in business in a small 
botanical drug store and succeeded in get- 
ting him a small practice. His wife, known 
by all as "Auntie Xeal," was a general fa- 
vorite in the town and especially with the 
children. The old couple removed to 
Jamestown some years after and there they 
died not a great while ago. 

In 1839 Mr. Scott was again elected 
representative to the legislature, and thfs 
time served two terms. Among others 
whom he remembered as members oi the leg- 
islature when he was one of that body, and 
with w horn he was then acquainted, he men- 
tioned Thomas W. Bartley and David Todd, 
both of whom afterwards became governors 
of the state: Joseph Vance, who was then 
in the senate and had been governor ; Sea- 
burry Ford, who afterwards was governor; 
Charles Brough, who afterwards became a 
very prominent citizen of Cincinnati, and 
who was a brother of John Brough, who 
was then auditor of state and was afterward 
elected' governor; George H. Flood, after- 
ward United States minister to Texas be- 
fore its annexation ; Judge Smith, of War- 
ren county, father of Judge Smith, so well 
known in our present courts ; Aaron Harlan, 
who was once a member of congress from 
this county ; George D. Hendricks, who w^as 
once noted for his ready wit. Once when 
Hendricks had the floor another member 



iirose and said : "Mr. Si)eaker, is there any- 
thing' before the I'.ouse?" When Hendricks, 
referring to the member that had interrupted 
liim, exclaimed soto voce, "Yes, there is a 

thing from county before tlie house." 

At another time a member, a Baptist preach- 
er, presented a Ijill providing for tlie erec- 
tion of a dam across one of the largest trib- 
utaries to tlie ^Muskingum river. He was 
very earnest in urging tlie passage of the 
bill and made an imnecessarily frequent use 
of the name of the structure for wliich the 
provision was urged, and wlien lie closed his 
speech Hendricks arose and said : "Mr. 
Speaker, I move that the word "dam" be 
struck from this bill: the frequent use of 
such profanity is decidedly corrupting to the 
morals of this august body." 

While at Columbus ]\Ir. Scott became 
intimately acquainted with Judge Bellamy 
Storer, who was often in that city on legal 
business. During his first term in the legis- 
lature he drew up the bill for the incorpora- 
tion of the first bank ever incorporated in 
Xenia, called "The Xenia Bank," with John 
Hivling, president, John Ankeney, James 
Galloway. John Dodd. James Gowdy, Gen- 
eral R. D. Forsman, Silas Roberts and 
others as incorporators. This bill was pre- 
sented by George D. Hendricks, and by him 
its passage was materially aided. Wdiile in 
the legislature the second time Mr. Scott 
presented a bill for the incorporation of the 
Dayton and Xenia Turnpike Company. This 
bill was passed, Ijut he thinks that the road 
^^as built under a subsequent incorporation. 
The first bank in Xenia, however, was or- 
ganized iti 1818. with William Elkins cash- 

After Mr. Scott's return fmni his last 
tenn in the legislature he moved with his 

family to the John Ewing farm, just east of 
Xenia, and there followed the occupation of 
farming. The farm residence was a log 
house, which stood near where the brick 
house stands in which Adam Rader used to 
live. ]\lr. Scott remained there for two 
years and then moved to the Hivling farm, 
on the west side of Xenia, and lived in the 
house which has since l)een enlarged and im- 
proved and is now (1899) occupied by Mrs. 
Jerry Parkhill. flere he continued farming 
for about two years, when he was elected 
to the of^ce of county recorder. 

It was about this time that the great and 
disastrous Puterbaugh fire occurred. The 
fire was first disco\-ered by John Crumbaugh, 
\\'illiam McDaniel. and Jacob Bazzel, who, 
being out \'ery late that night, were pr<.i- 
ceeding toward home, when they stopped at 
the corner of Main and Detroit streets for 
a moment's chat. While there their atten- 
tion was atttractcd by peculiar sounds of 
some one in great distress, and in proceed- 
ing in the direction from which the sounds 
came, they discovered that they were the 
groans of some one within the Puterbaugh 
storeroom, and the building was on fire. 
They gave the alarm and soon hundreds 
were gathered around the terril>e scene, 
wluise revelations of murder aii'' work of de- 
struction stamped a picture so indelibly upon 
the minds of all who witnessed the scene 
that time will fail to erase it. The date of 
this sad occurrence was August ,v 1^45- 
Two young men in the store were murdered, 
William Steele and James Kinney. The lat- 
ter is buried in Woodland cemetery. Mr. 
Steele was buried in the northeastern cor- 
ner of what is now known as the \\'est Mar- 
ket street school yard, then known as the 
Associate graveyard. 



^\'llile recorder, Mr. Sci>it iutrotluccd a 
new s\stcni of indexing tlie records, which 
has ever since aided greatly in facilitating 
the business of the office. He was continued 
in this office for nine years, .\fter his third 
term c.x]iircd he was elected to tlie office of 
count\- auditor, and tilled that i)Osition one 
term. Xot many years afterward he was 
elected township trustee, and was continued 
in that (ifiicc fur many years, and until he de- 
clined to serye longer on account of his de- 
sire to relinquish the labors and responsi- 
bilities of active life, in order to live in a 
more retired manner during his remaining 

He is now in the eighty-sixth year of his 
age. and has retained the natural faculties 
of mind and ImkIn- to an innisual degree. His 
father died at the age of eighty-six years at 
the residence of his son, John, near Troy, 
Ohio, in 1S34. His mother died in I'eiin- 
syh'ania some years before. John Scott, his 
brother, .died near Troy, Ohio, after having 
passed his eighty-second year. And anfUher 
brnther. \\'illiam Scott, now lives in 'JVoy, 
and is in his eighty-second year. This sim- 
ilarity in the longevity of the father and the 
three sons and only children is somewhat re- 
markable. Mrs. Scott was, at the aforesaid 
date, in the eighty-third year of her age, and 
has been blessed with a continuation of 
health and strength of both body and mind 
to an extent equal to that of her husband's. 
, They have been married for o\'er sixty-two 
}cars, The_\- have survived six of their chil- 
dren, and have but three living: ^Irs. John 
^^'. Manor, of this city : David Scott, who 
li\-cs in Indiana: and James, who resides 
with his parents on East Second street, this 
city. ]\Ir. James A. Scott, the subject of 
this sketch, after a long and useful life, died 

at his residence on East Secuntl street, Xe- 
nia, Ohio, August 12, 1881, aged eighty- 
seven years, and is buried in our own beau- 
tiful Woodland. 


We find that away back in 179<S it \\,is 
a part of what is known as survey Xo. 2243. 
in the name of Warren and .\ddison Lewis, 
patented to Robert Pollard on the 24th of 
December, 1798, calling for one tiiousand 
acres. On July 6, 1801, Robert Pollard 
and Jael, his wife, conveyed the same to 
Thomas Richardson and wife, Elizabeth. 
On the 27th of June, 1803, John Paul, 
the founder of Xenia, became the owner 
of the aforesaid one thousantl acres, of 
which lot X"o. 2/, the (jalloway corner, 
was a part. On the 14th of Xovem- 
ber the honoraljle court of the county 
of Greene had decided that the forks of 
Shawnee creek was to be the iiermanent 
county seat of Greene county. Ohi(j. Jo- 
seph C. X'ance had been employed to survey 
and lay out the count \- seat and had been 
selected to act as director for said county 
seat. Mr. Vance served in that ca])acity 
until Septemljer. 1805. and ;it that date re- 
t^igned and \\'illiam A. Beatty was chosen 
as his successor in office. On the 13th of 
September, 1810. James Galloway, Jr., pur- 
cliased of William A. Beatty lot Xo. ^j, 
ninety-nine feet on Chillicothe, or Main, 
street, and one-half the distance of the 
square running north on Detroit street, con- 
sideration for the same three hundred dol- 
lars. Prior to this on the nth of Septem- 
ber. 1807, William A. Beatty had con^•eyed 
to Henry Phenix, lot X^o. 38, immediately 
west cf and adjoining Mr. Galloway's lot, 



and on which he liad erected a cabin en llie 
present site of what is now (1900) known as 
the Drees and Thornhill Iniilding, and was 
keeping tavern. On the 14th of Xovember, 
1808, j\Ir. Phenix sold to Dr. Andrew W. 
Davidson, Xenia's first physician, lot No. 
38. On that lot, present site of th.e John J. 
Knox saddler's shop, Mr. Davidson erected 
a two-story brick house. March 11, 1813, 
Mr. Davidson cuineyed to James Galoway, 
Jr.. the lilt, which extended west to what is 
known as the Crnmbaugh line. The same 
year, 1813, that Mr. Galloway purchased lot 
Xo. 38, he commenced to build what has 
been known for almost three-fourths of a 
century "The Galloway corner," which gave 
rise to the subject of this sketch. Mr. Hugh 
Andrew says that a Mr. Hartsook did the 
mason work, and that it was the largest 
brick buildings in Xenia at that time. The 
other corners at this time were vacant, and 
many of the inhaljitants of Xenia got their 
fire wood from the lots on which they lived. 
The streets at that time were full of stumps 
and everything presented a wild appearance. 
-\Ir. Galloway had [jrevious to this time 
completed a large brick house in 1809 on his 
farm, six miles north of Xenia, on the Fair- 
field pike, known as "Ramblers' Retreat." 
The old home is yet standing ami owned l)y 
William H. Collins. Four of Mr. Gallo- 
way's cliildren were born at this place. The 
father of Major Galloway had come from 
f'ennsylvania, and had removed and settled 
in Kentucky, during tlie most perilous times 
of Indian warfare, and had participated in 
the dangers along with Boone, Simon Ken- 
ton and others, in their struggle to reclaim 
the land from the savage foe. He was also 
along with Gen. Roger Clarke, in 1782. in 
his second expedition to Old Chillicothe, on 

the Little Miami, and other points. In the 
year 1797 he removed from Kentucky to 
his home in Ohio, and located on land west 
of the Little Miami, opposite the present 
}vliami Powder Mills. About nineteen years 
previous to his coming to Ohio, Xovember 
-3- ^77^- he had married Miss Rebecca 
Junkin, in Cumberland county. Pennsylva- 
nia. Maj. James Galloway, his eldest son. 
and the builder of the Galloway corner, had 
an eventful life. At the age of twenty years, 
accompanied by his father, he made a trip 
back to his old Kentucky home, in 1802, and 
through the influence of his father. Jame? 
Galloway, Sr., who had known Col. Rich- 
ard Anderson in the war of the Revolution, 
and his uncle, George Pomeroy. he succeed- 
ed in getting the ai)pointment of dejiuty sur- 
veyor of the \'irginia military district of 
Ohio. And one is filled with surprise and 
wonder to-day ( 1900) as he looks at and 
examines his large ledgers, books of sur- 
veys, field notes, and the hundreds of let- 
ters pertaining to his business in his various 
transactions, and the thoughts will come, 
and questions will arise, how could one man 
accomplish so much, and do it so neatly. 
And in addition to this work, his home du- 
ties, duties to his country in the war of 
1812, in which he took part, sometimes as .i 
private soldier, other times as captain of a 
company, and as major of a regiment, and 
in all the work that was essential to making 
the conditions of his fellow men better, we 
find Alajor Galloway did his part and did it 
well. But we will return to our subject, 
"The Galloway corner." John W. Shields, 
along about 1877, says: "In 1814 ]\Iajor 
Galloway removed from his place. "Ramb- 
lers' Retreat,' to Xenia. and into the corner 
aforesaid, where spacious rooms had been 



prepared fur the family, in addition to the 
storerooms on the corner. It is witii feel- 
ings of regret that a complete list of the par- 
ties that transacted business in that corner 
can not be given. The tirst to sell merchan- 
dise was the firm of George Townsley & 
Co., in 1814. The next to occupy the corner 
probably was the firm of Dodd, Parkison & 
Lowry. Mr. John Dodd, the senior mem- 
ber of the firm, had been to Philadelphia, 
and had brought home with him among 
other articles, which he had purchased, the 
first lucifer matches that had been brought 
to Xenia. They were a great curiosity, and 
were stared at by his customers who thought 
they would l>e a great thing, enabling them 
to start a fire without taking a shovel and 
going half a mile .to a neighbor to borrow, 
but no one thought how universal they 
would become, and what a help they would 
be to ycnmg boys learning to smoke, and how- 
convenient they would be to incendiaries. A 
few yet,li\ing perhaps still remember Mr. 
Dodd, his personal appearance in his best 
days, his energetic, animated face, short 
neck, and his right shoulder carried higher 
than the left. Of these old-time merchants 
only two ( 1877) remain on our streets, John 
Ewing and Gen. Casper R. Merrick, who 
are still notetl for their (|uick step and vi- 
vacity, yir. James E. Galloway has in his 
home a photograph of the old corner which 
he was thoughtful in securing, and it is a 
valuable picture, and will become more so 
as time rolls on. In the (jld building there 
was a hall entering from Detroit street, and 
north (jf this hall were the parlor and sit- 
ting room, with dining room and kitchen 
in the rear. The second story afforded the 
family chambers, and were more spacious 
and comfortable than was common in that 

day. When the family removed to their 
present mansion the old parlor and sitting 
room were converted into a storeroom for 
Philip Lauman. After the removal of the 
lamily the second story was used for sev- 
eral years as a tailor shop by Andrew 
Hutchison, as genial and clever a man as 
ever lived in Xenia. He was the father of 
Clark Hutclrjson, yet conducting business 
in Xenia near the site where his father used 
to be. The Galloway corner is occupied 
by the present Steele building. The present 
Galloway mansion (1877) was erected in 
1S30; the materials were all carefully se- 
lected ; Gen. Daniel Lewis was the mason, 
with his two apprentice boys, Aniel Rog- 
ers and William C. Robinson, better known 
as "Hud" Robinson; his carpenter was the 
late Robert Nesbitt. The family moved in- 
to their house in 1831, and there they have 
remained ever since. It is seldom that any 
family has remained in one place so long, 
forty-six years in the same house, and sixty- 
three on the same lot of ground. But fa- anil mother have passed away, and also 
brothers and sisters, and now the family is 
reduced to two. L'nder those circumstan- 
ces the old mansion was converted into busi- 
ness purposes. Major Galloway had the sa- 
gacity to foresee in the fertile soil of Ohio 
and its rapid settlement a fine opportunity 
for acquiring independence and, perhaps, 
wealth, he became, as we ha\'e seen, a sur- 
veyor and pursued his calling diligently for 
several years. He acquired large tracts of 
land in what is known as the military dis- 
trict that had been set aside for the soldiers 
of the Revoluion. We are informed on 
good authority that Mr. Galloway after hav- 
ing secured the position as deputy surveyor, 
under Col. Richard C. Anderson, supplied 



himself with all the necessary implements, 
books, etc., that were recjuired for his busi- 
ness, by taking his trusty rifle and going to 
the woods hunting, and by the results of 
such efforts made money enough to pay for 
all that was needed to perfectly supply his 
wants in regard to the aforesaid articles. 
A loft in one of the out buildings at "Ramb- 
lers' Retreat" was his office, which he fitted 
up. It is no wonder that success crowned 
his efforts. The rapid rise in the value of 
those lands enabled him to sell and reinvest. 
His success was, I suppose, much greater 
than he had at first anticipated. The conse- 
quence was, that he was able to support a 
style of life in Xenia that no other family 
here has ever maintained. His Glady farm 
of one thousand acres was the Egypt from 
which he drew his supplies. His stables 
were stocked with fine horses, and he kept 
his carriage and coachman. His sons were 
graduated from Miami iuii\-ersity, and his 
daughters were graduates of the best schools 
in Cincinnati. He was a lenient creditor, an 
indulgent landlord, and it gave him pleasure 
to help a poor man to independence, if he 
thought him worthy of assistance. He was 
an elder in the Associate church, under Rev. 
Francis Pringle, away back in 1811. And 
his home was ever open, as his father's had 
been, to the itinerate ministers of that church 
as well as to all of his friends. 


Thomas Steele came to the United 
States in 181 2. He was a native of Ireland. 
Sometimes but a trifle settles the destinies 
of man, and, it is said, that the ship on 
which he sailed was stopped at sea by a 
British man-of-war. in order tn press young 

men in the na\-al serxice. 'Sir. Steele being 
c[uick and acti\c hid himself in tlie liold of 
the ship so securely that John Bull could not 
find him, and by this circumstance Great 
Britain lost a good sailor, but Xenia gained . 
an excellent teacher. Mr. Steele resided at 
first in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for 
about two years, then went to Lexington, 
Kentucky, where he remained one year and 
in the winter of 1S15 came to Xenia, Ohio. 

In the spring of 1816 he commenced his 
school in Xenia, which he continued until 
about 1848. being sustained by his merit as 
a teacher. His old pupils well remember 
his modest and humble dwelling and school 
house, on the site now occupied by our Cen- 
ter school building, also the thoroughness of 
his teaching. He was a devout Christian, 
religion being with him a calm and abiding 
conviction and through all h.'s life he re- 
mained firmly attached to the Covenantor 

Soon after coming to Xenia Mr. Steele 
was united in marriage October 9, 1818, to 
Miss Maria Gaff, of this county. His eldest 
daughter, ]\Iartha Jane, widow of the late 
Dr. Adams, of Waynesville, Ohio, in 1876 
resided in Kansas City, Mo., with her sis- 
ter, i\Irs. Louise Trumbull. His son. Dr. 
Ebenezier Steele, was assistant surgeon of 
the Seventy-fourth Ohio Infantry during 
the late Civil war. He died at N^ashville, 
Tennessee. His second daughter. Margaret, 
was the wife of the late R. F. Howard, one 
of Xenia's best lawyers, while his daughter, 
Mrs. Mary A. Patrick, now a widow, re- 
sides with her sister, Mrs. Elizabeth Tor- 
rence, at Belle Center, Ohio, and his son, 
William, is now (1876) in the state of 
Texas. In 1848 Mr. Steele moved to Ad- 
ams county, Ohio, but his change was un- 



f(_;rtunate and lie returned to Xenia in 1853, 
wliere he remained until i860, when he 
went to s])end the reniainder of his days 
with his daughter at Belle Center, Ohio. 
Willi of the older people of Xenia but 
remembers Thomas Steele? Among some 
of his pupils were Abraham Hivling, Alfred 
Trader, Thornton J^Iarshall, George Mon- 
roe, Benoni Nesbit, Albert Galloway and 
Thomas P. Townsley, but to enunxerate 
is out of the question. We must take 
them by families. There were the Starks, 
Merricks, Roberts, Crumbaughs and from 
;inn>ng almiost all the old families of Xenia. 
Peace be to his ashes. He died at Belle 
Center. August 6, 1875, aged eighty-four 


Was a carpenter by trade. Many of the first 
arid best houses were built by him in the 
county at an early date. He came from 
Iiuliaiia county, Pennsylvania, in 181 7, and 
was married to Miss X'ancy Townsley, 
daughter of Thomas Townsley, Sr., who 
\\as one of the first settlers near the pres- 
ent site of Cedarviile. His wife was a sis- 
ter to Mrs. Major James Galloway, Jr. He 
was born in Ireland. December 27, 1790, 
and died in Xenia, Ohio, Jun* 26 1876, at 
the ripe age of eighty-six years. He is bur- 
ied in Woodland cemetery. 


A\'as a hatter by trade. He came to Xenia 
ni 1817. He purchased the lot now cov- 
ered by the wholesale house of Eavey & 
Co. and westward. He was a man that was 
highly respected/ in Xenia, and was the fa- 
ther of the late Samuel Crumbaugh, sheriff 

of Greene county, and other children who 
were well known and respected. After 
spending nearly sixty years of his life in 
Xenia. on September 6, 1876, word came 
that the old pioneer had entered into his 
rest. In the year 1833 he assisted in or- 
ganizing the Reformed church in this city, 
of which he was a faithful member. He 
was a native of Maryland, born .August 29, 
1 79 1, and was eighty-five years of age 
at the time of his death. He lies in Wood- 
land cemetery. 


Mr. Larew was one of the early settlers 
of Xenia, a carpenter by trade, having lo- 
cated here in the year 1806. About 1834 
he removed from Xenia tO' Logansport, In- 
diana, where he resided several years, but 
for some years previous to his death he re- 
sided near Cincinnati, with his son-in-law. 
Stephen Reeder (who was also a former 
resident oi Xenia), where he died April r. 
1858, aged eighty-three years. 

Some of the houses that he built are 
still standing in Xenia, notably one that is 
being used as a school house on West Mar- 
ket street. It is on Detroit street, about 
where the "famous cheap store" of A. G. 
Hiller now stands, and served as a grocery 
store of D. A. Dean & Bro., and the upstairs 
as the office for many years of the Xenia 
Torch Light. When the march of improve- 
ment took place it had to go, and was re- 
moved to its present location. 

]Mr. Larew was also a soldier in the war 
of 1812 from Greene county, and was like- 
wise a soldiet of the Revolution. Thus one 
by one are the old settlers being gathered 
to their fathers. 




In April, 1857, workmen were engaged 
in removing the old building that stood on 
what was called the Jonathan Wallace lot — - 
where now (1899) stands the Trebein mill. 
This was one of the oldest buildings in 
town, having been erected by INIr. Wallace 
in 181 1, as a residence. It was built of logs, 
and when first erected was but one story 
high. A few months later another story 
was added, and it was then looked upon as 
quite a stylish affair. Mr. Wallace occu- 
pieil it for more than thirty years. He was 
a hatter by trade. He removed from Xenia. 
and died at the house of Anthony Byers. 
Darke county, April 25, 1850, aged seventy 


Died at his residence one mile east of Xenia 
June 23, 1859, aged seventy-five years. He 
was born in Petersburg, Virginia, in 1782, 
and came to Ohio in 1806. He was a soldier 
in the war of 1812, serving six months in a 
tour of duty, and was in the expedition to 
the Maumee Rapids under the command of 
General Tupper. He came to Greene coun- 
ty in 1806, and was married in 1821 to Mrs. 
Margaret (Snavley) Reece, and settled on 
his farm one mile east of Xenia, where lie 
continued to reside until his death. He 
was always true to his country and prin- 
ciples, and in politics an unwavering, zeal- 
ous Whig. His last sickness was of several 
months' duration. He lies buried in the 
Watt's family burial ground near the Xenia 
water works stand-pipe. 


Mr. Gordon was born in Cumberland 

county, Peimsylvania, on the 7th of Sep- 
tember, 1786. His father decided to move 
west in 1790, and taking his family, came 
in a wagon from near Harrisburg, Penn- 
sylvania, across the mountain to the river 
some miles above where Pittsburg now 
stands. .\nd at that point they proceeded 
down the ri\-er in a ilat boat,^and landed at 
a place called Limestone, which has since 
de\-eloped into the extensi\-e town of Mays- 
ville, Kentucky. Going from there farther 
back into the state they settled near Lexing- 
ton. Fayette county, but leaving there in 
1802, they came to Ohio, which was then a 
part of the northwestern territory, crossing 
the Ohio river on a fiat boat at Cinciimati, 
making their live stock swim the stream. 
Mr. Gordon said he remembered crossing 
the Ohio five times in that way during the 
year. Proceeding then to Warren county, 
then a part of Hamilton county, they settled 
near Lebanon, where Mr. Gordon remained 
with his father until 1813. 

Previous tO' 1808 Major Gordon was 
afflicted with a severe attack of rheumatism, 
from which he suffered greatly for many 
years, though during his later years he was 
not harrassed with the accustomed pains of 
the disease. He said the disease was first 
brought on by sleeping in a "Dutchman's" 
feather bed. He one day took a load of 
grain to the niill to be ground, and was 
forced to remain at the mill over night while 
tile grinding was being done. The miller, 
a German, slept in the mill and had a bed 
on the ground floor of the building. This 
he invited Mr. Gordon to occupy for the 
night, while he would attend to the nwll aiV-l 
have the grist b}- morning. Being prevailed 
upon, Mr. Gordon accepted the offer and 
was snon tucked beneath a huge feather-bed. 



Here he slept soundly, and in a thorough 
perspiration arose early in the morning and 
went out into the cold air, harnessed his 
horses, loaded his wagon and proceeded 
liome, but before he arrived there he was 
completely chilled, and not long after began 
to sutler excruciating pains of rheumatism. 
In 1808 he went with his mother and a 
neighbor, also a young man and an invalid, 
li) Yellow Springs, to test the efficacy of the 
water there as a cure for his disease. The 
ground around the springs at that time be- 
longed to Mr. Lewis Davis, and one 
of the buildings, a rude log cabin, the 
trio occupied. In this they lived, pro- 
viding and eating their own food, which 
Mrs. Gordon prq)ared. For the use of 
the cabin and the privilege of the water 
they paid Mr, Davis seventy-five cents 
per week. And Mr. Gordon said that 
life then was far more conductive to com- 
fort, happiness and health than it is now, 
with an immense three-story hotel and fash- 
ionable display, at an expense of ten or 
twelve dollars per week. He was iDcnefited 
1)\- the use of the water there, but it did not 
effect a permanent cure. After Hull's sur- 
render in 1S12 he went with a company of 
"Light Horse" cavalry from Franklin, 
Ohio, to Ft. Wayne to relieve the garrison 
there, who were expecting 'a strong attack 
from the Indians. No attack was made, 
however, during his stay, which was short, 
as sleeping on the ground soon caused a re- 
turn of the rheumatism, with all of its old 
force, and he was compelled to return home. 
Mr. Gordon first saw Xenia in 1805, 
when he came up from Warren county to 
help his brother, William Gordon, who' was 
an early settler in Xenia, to move from that 
-county to Xenia. William Gordon pur- 

chased lot Xo. 176, on the corner of Water 
and Whiieman streets, and there erected and 
run the first brewery in Xenia, a small log 
establishment. ^Ir. Gordon came again in 
1806 or 1807, when he came to assist his 
brother in hauling the timber for a two- 
story log house, forty by forty feet, which 
his brother William erected near the house 
known as the James Gowdy home, corner 
lot No. ^^. Some years ago, during the time 
M. D. Gatch, of this city, was a member of 
the state legislature, while reading the Ohio 
State Journal, to which he was a regular 
subscriber, he saw several communications 
which attempted to fix the date of the noted 
"cold Friday." each giving a different date. 
Soon after, when sending the subscription 
money for the paper, he accompanied it with 
a note to the editor, in which he referred to 
the communications he had read, and stated 
that the date of that day was Friday. Febru- 
arv 14, 1807. He was surprised to see hi.s 
communication in the following issue of the 
Journal, together with the editor's remark 
that Mr. Gordon must b.e correct, as the 
14th of February that year came on Friday, 
while all dates by others came on some other 
day of the week. Mr. Gordon said he re- 
membered that day distinctly : that the even- 
ing preceding he and his brother, antici- 
pating rough weather, had hunted up a 
young calf belonging to William and placed 
it in what they supposed very comfortable 
quarters, secure from the cold, but in the 
morning they found it frozen to death in 
spite of their care. Also, that on that cold 
day the men who had gathered at the huge 
log tavern, then near the southeast corner of 
Main and Detroit streets, kept by William 
.\. Beattv, better known as Major Beatty. 
growing impatient with the fire which was 



made of green wood and wonld not burn to 
suit them, carried the contents of the whole 
large fireplace in the middle of the street, 
and there piled it up, declaring they would 
make a fire to suit themselves. He added in 
this connection that when William Kendall 
was building the old brick court house, some 
of the boarders at this tavern used to steal 
the wood that he had prepared for the brick 
kiln, carry it trj the tavern and burn it for 
pure mischief. 

In February, 1813. Mr. Gordon was 
married to Miss Agnes AlcDaniel, who was 
three years his junior, and who had come 
from Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, 
with her parents and settled in Warren 
county, within a few miles of where IMr. 
Gordon and his parents then lived. In 
}ilarch of the same year the newly married 
couple came to Greene county, and settled 
in the woods in Sugarcreek township, about 
three miles west of Springvalley on the Cen- 
terville pike. Along the line of this road 
'six. Gordon and a few others interested tried 
to have a county road established in 1S14, 
but failed to succeed. Upon arriving at this 
place he constructed a rude log hut and with 
his wife continued for several years to fol- 
low the usual avocations and endure the 
hardships of pioneer life. 

While living there they attended the As- 
sociate church in Xenia, of which they were 
members until the union, when they united 
with the secontl church, of which Mrs. 
Gordon was a memljer until her death, 
which occurred May 11, i860, and to which 
Mr. Gordon was- a member until his death, 
which, occurred December 10, 1879, at the 
ripe old age of ninety-three years. 

We were informed by ]Mr. Gordon that 
the small l>rick Iniilding standing on the 

northeast corner of his place, facing east on 
Detroit street, and for many years past 
used as a residence, was the first Associate 
church ever built in Xenia. The congrega- 
tion was organized in 18 10 by Rev. John 
Steele, who preached occasionally for them, 
and afterward became their settled pastor. 
Xot long after the congregation was or- 
ganized the church was built, Rev. Adam 
Rankin conducting the first communion 
service in the summer of 1814. Rev. Por- 
ter, then of Preble county, was one of the 
supplies of this congregation, and here the 
well known Dr. Pressley, who was licensed 
to preach and was married before he was 
twenty-one years of age, preached some of 
his first sermons. The reporter must have 
misunderstood Mr. Gordon when he calls it 
the Associate church. What he has said 
would apply to the Associate Reform 
church, of which the Rev. John Steele was 
pastor, and which is now known as the First 
United Presbyterian church. Mr. John B. 
(X)wdy, yet living (1S99), says in regard 
to the building, that the brick of which the 
house was built were made and burnt where 
the building now stands in 1817, and the 
house was erected soon after. There was 
a log church stood near by previous to this 

After a few years earnest toil, clearing 
and improving the farm which he had set- 
tled in Sugarcreek township Mr. Gordon 
was able to possess a good horse team, and 
finding that he could make more money in 
that than in any other ^way, he followed 
teaming to and from Cincinnati for some 
vears. getting as high as one dollar and 
twentv-five cents per hundred pounds haul- 
ing goixls from Cincinnati to Xenia. 

In 1 83 1 Mr. Gordon purchased a farm 



on Massies creek lately owned by Mr. 
James, and nnw the property of Henry 
Conklin, to which he renioved with liis fam- 
ily in the same year, and socn after erected 
new bnildings on the place. Having in 1851 
purchased the ground between Xorth De- 
troit and King streets, where he died, he 
raised two large crops of potatoes on it in 
185 1 and 1852. In the fall of 1852, Austin 
McDowcl. whom he had empl<yed to d<j the 
work, began the erection of his present resi- 
dence, and finished it in the spring of 1853. 
Mr. Gordon removed from his farm on Mas- 
tics creek to this residence in that year. 
Mrs. Gordon died in May, i860, in the sev- 
enty-first year of her age. Mr. Gordon at 
the time of liis death left behind him to 
mourn the loss of a kind and indulgent fa- 
ther three sons, George K.. William 1. and 
Andrew A., of Holton, Kansas, and one 
daughter, the wife of the Rev. D. McDill. 


Rev. Moses Trader died April 9, 1854, 
age seventy years, in Lynn county, Mis- 
HJuri. At. the tinuc of his hirth, his father, 
who had teen a soldier in the Revolutionary 
war, and one of Morgan's celebrated rilie 
regiment, resided in Cumberland county, 
\'irginia, sixteen miles southeast of L'ninn- 
town, Pennsylvania. He emigrated to the 
Northwest territory in 1792, and landed it 
the mouth of the Little ]VIiami river on the 
19th day of December^ A settlement having 
been there commenced by Major Stitts in 
1789, three years previous, and only four 
years from the first settlement of Ohio at 
Marietta. His parents were members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. There were 
no members of that church nor any regular 
Methodist preaching until the Rev. John 
Kobler came, who was the first Methodist 

Episcopal preacher that crcsseil the Ohio to 
preach the gospel to the few hardy pioneers 
who had pitched their camps in the wilder- 
ness. But this did not occur until the death 
of his father. Hostilities were kept up with 
the savages from the time of their landing 
at CoUmibia until the Indians were defeated 
by General Wayne August 20, 1794, 
the war being linally ended by treaty 
at Greenville the year following. The 
spirit stirring scenes and dangers through 
which he had passed in his youth seemed 
to have inspired him with a fondness for en- 
terprise and adventiu'e. He hunted with the 
Shawnee Indians, understcHDd their manners 
and customs, and spoke their language flu- 
ently. He was an iinerring marksman and 
a good hunter, to which was united un- 
llinching" courage and ability to endure fa- 
tigue. Such qualificatioins made him a 
great favorite with the Indians. 

It is not known when he first came to 
Greene county. It must have been at an 
early period, as he cleared the first field on 
made at Caesar's creek. A settlement had 
been made at Caersarsville ( near the pres- 
ent home of Pad Peterson) in 1800, so he 
must have been here previous tO' that. He 
was married to Elizabeth, daughter of Isaac 
^IcDonald, on the 2nd day of September, 
1804, by the Rev. Bennet Maxey. It is 
said that being at one of those social gath- 
ering commonly called (piiltings, he was de- 
sirous O'f getting up a dance; suddenly a 
flash of conviction darted through his mind, 
his levity left him, and gave place to serious 
thoughtfulness, and from that time to the 
end of his earthly existence his life and man- 
ners were entirely changed. He attached 
himself to the Methodist Episcopal church, 
and was a zealous member from the first. 
His education had been so neglected that in 



attempting to lead at prayer-meetings he 
could scarcely give out a hymn without spell- 
ing some of the words. But from that time 
on his progress in the path of knowledge 
was to be a matter of astonishment to all 
who knew him. Books were scarce in those 
days, and cost much money. He had an in- 
creasing famil}: to provide for by his own 
daily labors; yet such was his midnight in- 
dustry (reading from light famished by the 
scaly bark from hickory trees) and by the 
activity of his intellectual faculties that he 
soon mastered whatever he undertook. His 
mind seemed to grasp a situation as by in- 
tuition. He joined the Ohio conference in 
1812 and coi:tinued until 18 17, when bad 
health compelled him to relocate. 

Such were his attainments at that time 
that he ranked as one of the most intelligent 
and profound members of the Ohio confer- 
ence. He had made himself well acquainted 
with history, theolog>% and was deeply 
versed in Biblical lore, to which he soon after 
added knowledge of the Hebrew language. 
His grammar of that language was copied 
by his own hand, and was a curiosity for 
neatness and penmanshij). In 18 16 he re- 
moved to Chillicothe. where his popularity 
as a preacher was scxm establislied.' He,was 
also prospering in business when hemet with 
a stroke of adversity which swept away all 
that industry and economy had enabled him 
to acquire. A traveler stopped at Chilli- 
cothe and found one of his slaves that had 
run awav some years previous. Tlie negro, 
Tom, in the meantime had married, and had 
a wife and two children. His master had 
him arrested, and was going to tear him 
away from his family and return him to 
bondage. In this deplorable condition Tom 
-appealed to Mr. Trader and others to pur- 

chase his freedom, promising that he would 
refund the amount uf purchase money if he 
had to work night and day. It was finally 
agreed that one John English and Mr. 
Trader should join in giving their note for 
the required sum (eight hundred dollars, it is 
believed). In due time the payment of the 
note was demanded, when it appeared En- 
glish had signed the note not as a principal, 
as had been agreed upon', but as security-. 
He refused to pay any portion of the 
amount. The negro had been informed that 
a promise made by a slave was not binding, 
and he had the ingratitude to refuse to re- 
fund ;iny part of the sum. The whole debt 
fell on ilr. Trader, which, together with 
an expensive law suit, cost him fifteen or 
twenty hundred dollars. 

In 1819 ]\Ir. Trader mOved back to 
Greene county, and the same year he con- 
tracted with the government to furnish tim- 
ber to build the barracks at Baton Rouge, 
Louisiana. In 1820 he descended the river 
and went to the lower Mississippi. From 
this time he continued on the river for nine- 
teen years. In 1827 he commenced the mer- 
cantile business in Xenia. In 1839 ^e emi- 
grated to Missouri, settling in Lynn county 
and commenced farming. In a letter writ- 
ten in 1845 lie says: I have one hundred 
and ninety acres of good land with sixtv 
acres under fence. In 1849 the Methodist 
Episcopal church organized a conference in 
that state, which he joined. At the time of 
his death he was presiding elder of Grand 
River district. On March 5, 1854, he 
preached his last sermon in Davis county, 
Missouri, se\-enty miles from home. 


On Saturday morning, September 11, 




185S, the wliole town was startled witli 
the information tliat William T. Stark, 
Esq., one of our oldest and most gen- 
erally known and respected citizens, had 
that nuirning' departed this life. He 
had attended to his business the day pre- 
vious in good health, and to a friend 
observing that he felt as well as he 
had for years. On Saturday morning he 
■rose at five o'clock to attend market, and 
while dressing he ci!mi)lained of a pain in 
the region of the heart, which induced liim 
to refrain from going out, and a plaster was 
applied lo his chest when he laid down, and 
in a very few moments without any e\'idence 
of pain he breathed his last. So unexpected 
was this event that his family was not aware 
of his C(-ndition>, and- his quiet apjiearance 
leading his widow, who was in the room 
with liim, to believe he was slee])ing. 

-Mr. Stark at the time of his death had 
been a resident of Xenia forty-two years, 
having settled here on the 22d of July. 
1S16. He was a descendant of General 
Stark, of the Revolution, and was born in 
Loudoun county, Virginia, on the 13th cf 
.\pril, -'/(JO. In 1799 his father moved to 
Maysville, Kentucky, and in 1800 to Lex- 
ington, Kentucky. Mr. Stark was a volun- 
teer of the treaty of Greenville in 1813. In 
June, 1S29, he received the appointment of 
postmaster for Xenia from General Andrew 
Jackson, and he held that oflice until 1841. 
He was a member of the Masonic order for 
forty years, and for about twenty-five years 
was a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. On the Sabbath following his death 
his remains were consigned to the tomb, in 
Woodland cemetery, Xenia, by his brother 
Masons, and the procession that formed the 
•escort was the largest that was ever seen 

in the town. He was known by all, respected 
by the whole community for his many vir- 
tues, and the entire community sympathized 
with the family in their sorrow. 


Colonel Hivling was among the last of 
the early settlers of Greene countw He was 
born near Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, on 
the 14th of July, 1779. and from that place 
he moved to Washington county, Maryland, 
and in the fall of 1809 removed to Greene 
county, Ohio. His first purchase was what 
was known as the "Paul Mill." now Tre-. 
beins, near Pinkney Pond, where he re- 
mained about two years. He then bought 
of Captain W. A. Beatty, in 181 1, the lot 
on the corner of Main and Detroit streets, 
now occupied by the Xenia Xational Bank, 
down to the south, side of the old Hivling 
house. Upon this lot there was then stand- 
ing a log building occupying the ground now 
occupied by the Leaman block, and there he 
kept a hotel for two. or three years. He then 
purchased a thousand-acre tract of land 
from John Paul, lying north and west of 
the town and including the land now owned 
by the Manor heirs, Lewis H. Bcall, Sam- 
uel Galloway, heirs, and otherj. Upon this 
tract he resided in a house that stood near 
the residence of the late Andrew Baughman 
until 1815, when he purcha.sed from a Mr. 
Davis his lot and building and a stock of 
g(X)ds and commenced his long- and success- 
ful career as a m.erchant. This lot was the 
one known as the "Forsman," Main street. 
In 1812 he succeeded the late James Collier 
as sheriff of Greene county, and held that 
office the constitutional term of four years. 

On the 30th of October, 18 12, as the rec- 



orcls indicate, he, in pvirsuance of the onler 
of court, whipped the last man upon the 
sentence of \\;hipping was pronounced in 
this court. Whatever might ha\-e been the 
facts in the case, in this instance the de- 
grading punishment was well deserved, as 
the crime of which the rascal had been con- 
victed was of the vilest order, and we ha\e 
heard an old settler, !io\v cjuietly sleeping 
after a life well spent, and who saw the op- 
eration, say that tlie Colonel fairly carried 
out the sentence of the court in spirit and 
letter as the scamp hugged a small sugar 
tree on the public square. The ct¥ice of 
sheriff is the only one that the Colonel ever 

Upon the organization of the old Xenia 
Bank he was elected as president of that in- 
stitution, which position he held until 1840, 
when the old State Bank of Ohio was estab- 
lished and the Xenia Bank became one of 
the branches. He was elected one of the 
members "i the State Board of Control, and 
served that body from 1845 until 1851. 
When the subject of building a railroad 
from Cinciimati to Springfield was agitated, 
and others were hesitating and doubting the 
feasibility of the undertaking, Colonel Hiv- 
ling was among the first to give it a fax'or- 
able consideration, and upon the organiza- 
tion of the Little Miami Company he was 
selected as one of the board of directors, 
which position he held until 1840, and, hav- 
ing temporaril}- removed to a farm which he 
had purchased east of Cedarvile. he declined 
further re-election. In this brief sketch it 
is impossible to glance at all the business 
relations with which he was connected, and 
all the facts of a business and social career, 
nor is it necessary for us to do so in this 

In all his business connections, in bank- 
ing, in railroad management and in mer- 
cantile matters, he was noted tV>r his clear, 
practical good sense. In private life no man 
in the community possessed more fully and 
perfectly the confidence of his fellow citi- 
zens. At the time of his death he was just 
eighty-one years, three months and twenty 
days old and had been a resident of Xenia 
and vicinity for fifty-one years. He was 
bnrnc t'l his last resting ])lace bv his Masonic 
brothers, being a prominent member of the 
order from the organization of the lodge in 
Xenia. He died X'^ovember 4, 1851, and his 
body lies Iniried in Woodland cemetery, 
Xenia, Ohio. In the of 1812 he served 
a tour of dutv as a soldier. 


In 1859 a local writer thus speaks of 
William Ellsberry : "He resides here at 
Xenia, in a ripe old age. the veneralile Will- 
iam Ellsberry. the honored patriot of the 
legal profession, now within two years of 
being an octogenarian. He settled in Xenia 
in 181 1, and his pioneer life and history are 
replete with romantic interest and instruc- 
tion. It was a repast, rich and greatly 
relished, to hear him in his primiti\-e, yet 
comfortable, mansion, luiilt by himself in 
18 1 5. rehearse the reminiscences of the days 
of the pioneers, fifty years ago. He had 
mingled in the stirring and adventurous 
scenes of the dark and bloody ground of 
Kentucky. He had personal interviews 
with the chief of the pioneers, Daniel Boone, 
and with great animation and accuracy nar- 
rated many e\entful incidents of Indian war- 
fare and of the early settlers of this coun- 
try, paying an elegant tribute to the integ- 



rity, >ini[)licity and worth of Simon Kenton, 
whose pioneer exploits and iiomely and noble 
virtues are recognized in the archives of 
western annals. Mr. Ellsl)erry himself has 
borne a distinguished part in the history and 
progress of Ohio, and contributed largely to 
the character and prosperit}- of Xenia. which 
he has seen grow from the rude forest vil- 
lage to be quite a city, filled with an intelli- 
gent and cultured people and all the arts and 
elegancies of a refined civilization. 

"He has been a prominent legislator and 
a leading lawyer of the place, and is greatlv 
h.onored and esteemed l)y his fellow citizens 
and his brothers of the bar. .Vs a tribute of 
afifection they had completed by Mr. Mc- 
Clurg, an accomplished' artist of Pennsyl- 
vania, who spent two vears in the studies of 
the masters of the art in Italy, a beautiful 
and perfect portrait of their venerable 
friend and legal brother, which is to adorn 
the court roi.m where he displayed his legal 
learning and wit. and where in after ages it 
will s])eak of one who first in the county 
and place unfolded the mysteries and intri- 
cacies of the legal profession. That genial. 
life-like portrait will be a speaking memorial 
of pioneer days, and exert, we trust, a silent 
influence in mellowing the asperities coinci- 
dent with the conflicts of litigation. 

"Tliis patriot bids fair to linger years 
yet among the general generation grown up 
around him. and to unite in the scenes of 
actual life. He is now a live young old man. 
full of the sap and joyousness of youth, and 
ready to meet his competitors in the forum 
of Justice. He still prosecutes his profes- 
sion with all the artlor and energy of early 
manhood, and is genial and happy in his 
home and social circle. His erect form, 
elastic step, rapid movements, unimpaired 

intellect, sparkling vivacity and youthful en- 
ergy are remarkalile for one of his age. 
How beautiful and grand is age. found with 
intelligence, graced with virtue and cheer- 
fulness, beautified with a luster of piety. 
Their memories, like visions of enchantment 
and beaut}', e^'er linger aro^md our path- 
way." He died March 23,1863, aged eighty 
years, and was buried in Woodland ceme- 
tery, Xenia, Ohio. 


Mr. Steele was one of the early settlers 
of Greene count}'. He was born in Uartley 
county, Mrginia, on the iSth of December, 
1 78 1, and in 181 5 he emigrated to Ohio, 
settling first on the land owned by Mr. Trc- 
bine, where his mill is located on the Little 
Miiuni river, upon which he resided five 
years, when he removed to the farm of E. 
Steele, Jr., where he resided forty-six years. 
Durinsf his Ion": life iii this countx' he en- 
joyed the respect of his neighbors and fel- 
low citizens, who showed their confidence in 
him by conferring uiwn him various offices 
of local nature and Ijy electiiig Inm in 1836 
to the office of county commissioner. 

One who knew him long and well writes 
us: Ebenezer Steele was always a man of 
strict integrity and obliging manners. He 
was not only father, faithful and true, tO' a 
large family of children', but was a friend 
and neighbor to all who- proved themselves 
worthx'. He was a member of the German 
Reform church, and a consistent Christian. 
He died at Alpha, Ohio, on the 17th of Feb- 
ruarv, 1862, at the age of eighty-two years. 


The first of tb.e name, as shown bv the 



records of Bedford county, Pennsylvania, 
&re associated witli Licking Creek and Fort 
Ligonier. Jolin Hamill and wife came from 
Ireland before the Revolution. They were 
the parents of the following sons: Robert, 
John, Hugh and Nathaniel, and all, with 
their father, weie soldiers in that war. 
Hugh Hamill enlisted at Fairfield in Au- 
gust. 1776, and served until INIay, 1777. as 
a private in Capt. Samuel IMiller's company, 
Eighth Pennsylvania Regiment, commanded 
by Colonel McCoy. He participated in the 
battles which resulted in the surrender of 
General Burgoyne, and passed the winter at 
Valley Forge, and received an honorable 
discharge. Nathaniel Hamill was a private 
soldier in Capt. Henry Dodge's company. 
His serxice during the time of the war was 
in New York mostly, and he was mustered 
out December 12, 1781. Robert Hamill en- 
iisted in December. 1776, as a private in 
Cajitain Pomroy's compaii}'. and serxed, off 
and on, two years of the war. He was born 
November 25, 1759. and was seventeen 
years old when he entered the army. In 
1785 with his parents he moved to Bedford 
county, where he remained until some time 
in December, same year, vidien he returned 
to Fort Ligonier on business for his father. 
John Hamill rccei\'ed pay for his services in 
the Penns}-l\ania Militia from January i, 

Robert Hamill was born in 1732, and 
died in Pennsylvania, April 8, 1799. His 
wife, Jeannette, came with her sons. Hugh, 
Robert and Josepli, to Ohio in 1806. Hugh 
and his mother first settled in Preble countx', 
while Robert and Joseph canie to Nenia in 
1S06. In 1810 Hugh and his mother came 
and settled in Ncnia, the mother li\-in<^- until 

the year 1822, when she dieil and was 
buried in A\'oodland cemetery, .Xcnia. 


\\'illiam Owens, the founder of the fam- 
ily in Greene county, was a settler in \'ir- 
ginia in colonial days. He was born in 
1 741, and emigrated from Brunswick coun- 
ty, A'irginia, with his family in 181 1. set- 
tling in what is known as the L^nioii neigh- 
borhood south of Nenia, where he continued 
to live until March 11, 1827, when the "Free 
Press, ■■ a paper published in Nenia at that 
date, makes the announcement of his death, 
at the age of eighty-six years, and from one 
of his friends the statement that his body 
had Ijeen laid to rest in the orchard of Philip 
Davis near what is known to-day (1900) as 
the Union church, two miles south of Nenia. 
"He is spoken of as one of the most exem- 
plary saints that age afforded. I-Ie li\-e(l and 
died without a known enemy. Notwith- 
standing his extreme age and de])ilitv, he re- 
tained his rational jwwers to the last." He 
was seventy years of age when lie first came 
to Greene county in 181 1 with the colony 
that left Virginia at that time. Although 
coming from dift'erent parts of Virginia they 
were related to each other, and consisted of 
Henry Hypes and family. Samuel A\'right 
(father of Thomas Coke Wright) anrl fam- 
ily, William Owens, Sr., and family. 
Among the latter was \A'illiam Owens, Jr., 
who was born in Brunswick county, Vir- 
ginia, March 9. 1779, who previous to leav- 
ing \ irginia was a farmer. He li:ul mar- 
ried Lucy Wright, who was born in the 
same county June 19, 1773 : she was aunt to 
Thomas Coke Wright. Their children were 



Samuel Tliomas and Geurge B. William 
Owens after coming to Greene county 
cleared u]) a farm of fifty acres, two and 
one-half miles south of Xenia. Here he re- 
mained until his deatli,. which occurred in 
his eighty-fourth year, December 26, 1862, 
at the residence of his son, Capt. Samuel T. 
Owens, of Xenia, Ohio, and was Ijuried at 
Woodland ceinetery, Xenia. He was a 
typical pioneer, a man of high character, and 
a meniber of the M. E. church, in which 
faith he brought up his sons. In politics he 
was in earl\- life an old-line W'hig, and later 
a Republican. Capt. Samuel T. Owens was 
born November 7, 1807, in Brunswick coun- 
ty, \^irginia. He served tlie public in 
Greene county fourteen years as county sur- 
ve_\'or, and auditor four years. He was cap- 
tain of Company C, Seventy-fourth Regi- 
ment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, during the 
late Civil war, and was also a local preaclier 
in the M. E. church. In i8j8 he was united 
in marriage to Aliss X'ancy Ledbetter. Fif- 
teen children were born to them. He died 
in Xenia. January i, 1867. Rev. George B. 
Owens was burn July 14. 1809. in Bruns- 
wick county, \'irginia. He was a farmer 
and school teacher for many years, and later 
l>ecame a preacher in the 'SI. E. church. He 
died November 28, 1862, at the home of his 
son Ira, near Xenia. He was buried in 
Woodland cemetery. 


George \\'right. the subject of this 
sketch, was born February 4, 175G. and 
grew to manhood in Brunswick ciamty, Vir- 
ginia. He married Sophia, the daughter of 
William and Marv Owens, and einigrated 

to Ohio in 1815. Fie was an elder brother 
of Samuel Wrig'ht, father of Thomas Coke 
Wright. He was a soldier in the war of the 
Revolution from the state of Virginia. 
They were the parents of twelve children, 
namely: Wesley, born October 10, 1785; 
iMary B., born February zy. 1787; Sarah 
X., who was wife to Josiah A\'right and 
later Henry Hypes', was born December 3, 
1788; George C. Wright, who was a soldier 
in the war of 1812, was born Octol>er 23, 
1790; Sophia Wright, who married John 
Loyd, was born December 21, 1792; Eliza- 
beth Ann was born January 13, 1794: Lewis 
Wright, born February 11, 1796; William 
T., born April 9, 1798; Nancy L. D., born 
May 30, 1800; Samuel W., born December 
14, 1802; Edward Owens, born June 5, 
1806; Richard W., bom June 22, 1808. 
Lewis W^right was also a soldier in the war 
of 18 12, under Capt. Berry Applewhite, of 
the Virginia troops. He was also a school 
teacher. Where the residence of Mr. Lester 
Arnold now is was the Wright Academy 
along about 1846. Some persons yet living 
in Xenia. were his scholars. Another son, 
Edward Owens Wright, was also teaching 
on the hillside near the residence of Homer 
Hudson, West Third street. Xenia. 


Among the first settlers of the new city 
of Xenia was Henry Hypes', who was., the 
son of Xicholas and Abigail H\-pes. Nicho- 
las Hypes was born in Gennany, March 8, 
1728. Abigail, his wife, was also born in 
the same country March 22, 1740. Henry 
Hypes, the subject of this sketch, was born 
within five miles of the X'atural Bridge, 
Rockbridge county, Virginia, on the 12th of 



June, 1775. It was in tliat state when 
eigliteen years of age he was united in mar- 
riage witli Miss Patience Reynolds. He 
was engaged in farming in Virginia until 
181 1. He then came nverland to the Ohio 
river, and there took a ilatboat tO' Cincin- 
nati. In settling in this county he purchased 
one hundred and twenty-five acres of go\-- 
ernment land, hea\-ily timbered and unim- 
proved. The first work he did was the 
clearing of a place and building a log 
house, in which he and his family lived for 
a few years. In 1823 his wife died, leav- 
ing a family of si.x sons and two daughters, 
namely: Xancy, Joseph, Washington, 
Sarah, Benjamin, James Davidson, John 
Wesley and Francis Asbury. May 23, 1824, 
Mr.Hx'pcs w as united in marriage with Mrs. 
Sarah X. Wright, widow of Josiah Wright 
and daughter of George and Sophia Wright. 
Her father was a soldier of the Revolution, 
who came to Xenia in 181 5 from Brunswick 
county. Virginia. 'Sir. and ^Nlrs. Hypes be- 
came the ]>arents of four children, two still 
living, Susan Maria, widow of Tobias 
Drees, and Samuel Henrv Hypes, who is 
engaged in the fire insurance antl real estate 
business in Xenia. Rev. \\'illiam L. and 
Rev. Fletcher Hypes are dead. What was 
known as the Henry Hypes farm is now 
( 1900) the most of it in the corporation of 
Xenia, bounded on the south by Shawnee 
creek, between what is now known as the 
Cincinnati ];ike im the west and West street 
(11 the east, running south to the north line 
of the land of Samuel McConnell. The old 
brick house which was erected in 183 1 is 
still standing, also part of the old barn. 
Henry Hypes died at his home in Xenia, 
October 1. 1854. His good wife, Sarah X., 
survived him until April 25, 1862, when she 

died at the age of seventy-three. Henry 
Hypes and his two helpmeets. Patience and 
Sarah X.. are buried in our own beautiful 
Woodland. Xenia. 


Mr. Wright was born October 13, 1809, 
in Brunswick county. \'irginia, and died 
at liis hi me in Xenia, Ohio, October 4, 1873, 
aged sixty-four years. He was the son of 
Josiah and Sarah Xelson \\'right. Josiah 
Wright died in 18 14 and was buried on his 
farm two miles south of Xenia on the Bull- 
skin Road. His widow, ilay 25, 1824, was 
married to Henry Hy]>es. Mr. \\'right came 
with his parents to Xenia n 181 1. When a 
young man he went to and learned 
the trade of a tailor, and in 1827 returned 
again to Xenia and took u]i his abode here 
permanentlv. In 1832 he was united in 
marriage with Miss Sarah Levey. They 
were blessed with a family of fourteen chil- 
dren, nine of wdiom at the time of his death 
were living, five l)oys and four girls. In 
i860 he united witli the First M. E. church 
of this city, under the pastorate of Rew 
William I. Fee. and lived the life of an up- 
right Christian to the last. He was mayor 
of the city of Xenia in i8(')3. and also filled 
the oiiice of justice of the peace for Xenia 
township for se\-eral terms. Air. ^^'right 
enjoyed the confidence and esteem of his 
neighbors through life, none more so. 


\\"as b.orn in Worcester cmmty. ]\[aryland, 
?*Iarch 2/. 1798. and died at the residence 
iif his son-in-law. Air. Charles Marks, six 
miles east of Muncie. Indiana, at the age of 



seventy-two years and six montlis. He 
came to (ireene ccunty, Ohio, in the year 
1816 and removed to Indiana in^ 1838, 
wliere he (hed October 24, 1870. He was 
a man of firm integrity, social in his nature, 
a l<ind friend and a good neiglil)or, a mem- 
l>er of tlie !\I. E. churcli and a regularh- 
licensed exhorter in the same. His voice 
was ofttimes heard in most of the churches 
and school houses in the county in condem- 
nation of vice and immorality and in build- 
ing u]) the cause of the Redeemer in the 
world. He was a good friend of the itiner- 
ant minister, bis home being theirs. His 
finieral was attended by a large concourse 
'of friends and relatives. Sermon by Rev. 
closes Marks. "After life's long and fitful 
sleep he sleepeth v.ell." 


A\'as born September 4, 1738, and died at 
his home two miles south of Xenia. Ohio, in 
1830, at die age of eighty-eight years. We 
ofttimes speak of Wendell Philips, Joshua 
R. Giddings, Charles Sumner, Ben W'ade 
and John P.rown and others, who, in their 
day and place, had the courage to back up 
by their lives, if need be, in their outspoken 
convictions of the system of human bondage 
which used to e.xist in our fair land, and we 
were proud of them and admired their cour- 
age and manliness in opjjosing and denoim- 
ci ng the great blot on our name as free- 
men. As a companion of these we would 
mention Fredrick Bonner, Sr., the subject 
of this sketch, who was a slave owner in a 
slave state, ^^'itness the following, by I\Ir. 
Bonner : 

•To All irhoiii These Presents Shall 
Come: Know ve that bv an act cf the 

general assembly of X'irginia, passed 
May 12. 1792, entitled an act to author- 
ize the manuniissicm of slaves, those per- 
sons who are disposed to emancipate their 
slaves are empowered so to do. And. where- 
as. Almighty Gi;d hath so ordered human 
events that liberty has become a general top- 
ic, I, Frederick Bonner, of Dinwiddee coun- 
ty, Virginia, being of slaves, and 
from clear conviction of the injustice and 
':nininality of depressing my fellow creat- 
ures of their natural rights, do hereby eman- 
cipate and set free, from a state of slavery, 
the following (seven in number) who are in 
the prime of life. Declaring the same ne- 
.groes entirely free from me, my heirs, to all 
intents and purposes, and entitled to all 
the privileges granted in the aforementioned 
act. I have hereunto set my hand and seal 
the 2 1 St of January, 1798. 

Fredrick Boxxer. Sr." 
We would add the following from his 
son, Fredrick Bonner, Jr. : "In the '/ear 
1802 father sold his land in Dinwiddee 
county. \'irginia. five hundred acrt>, iV-- 
two thousand dolars, and bought two sur- 
veys of one thousand acres each in what 
was then the Northwestern territory, at a 
cost of two thousantl dollars. Upon visit- 
ing it and finding it well situated he re- 
turned and began preparation for removing 
on it the following season. On Saturday, 
April I', 1803, we started and went as far 
as Petersburg, and remained until Monday. 
Two other families joined us, and our outfit 
was put into two covered wagons, includ- 
ing household goods, a chest of carpenter's 
tools and a turning lathe. To each of these 
wagons were attacheil fmir horses, with 
I^ells on the leaders. A one-horse wagon 
carried the provisions, and the females, 



when they became tired of walking. In ad- 
dition to 'these we had a canvass to sleep 
under at night. On ^Monday morning we 
resumed our long journey to the far west, 
pursuing a route through southern Virginia, 
which, in a few days, broug'ht us within 
view of the mountains, first the peaks of the 
Blue Ridge, then the Allegheny and Cum- 
berland. Crossing these in safety we reached 
Kentucky, passing along the Crab Orchard 
road. Arriving at Lexington we pushed on 
to Cincinnati (then a village of fifteen hun- 
dred), crossing the Oliio river at that place 
Mav lo, 1803, and cani'ped near the mouth 
of Deer creek, then some distance from the 

"Xe.\t morning we went up the river in- 
to the Little Miami valley, crossing the 
river a little above Cincinnati. Here we 
encountered our first serious difficulty. The 
water was high and running swiftly. Our 
four-horse wagon crossed without accident, 
but when the wagon containing the wife of a 
Mr. Day proceeded as far as the middle of 
the stream, or the swiftest part, one of .the 
horses fell and cnuld not rise. ^Ir. Day, in 
attempting to assist, was washed oft' down 
stream with the horses. Father went to his 
assistance and the water tripped him up and 
he \\ent also struggling down the ri\er, to 
the alarm of all. Fortunately he got out on 
the same side from which he entered. While 
Day was still struggling in the river near his 
horses they finally succeeded in fastening a 
chain to the end of the tongue, and hitching 
otir horses to it, we drew it out. All this 
time Day's wife and child were in the wagon 
in imminent danger of being capsized int) 
the river and washed away." 

Mr. Day and family located in the vi- 
cinil\- i.'f this accident and we followed up 

the ri\-er to the present site of Milford, 
where we found a vacant cabin, which was 
rented for a few months. Lito this we moved 
and remtiined until we could make arrange- 
ments to go to our land in Greene county. 
In June father and seme of the boys went 
to the land !and selected a spot to build a 
cabin near Glady Run, a branch of the Lit- 
tle Miami, which was to acconunodate us as 
our new home in the woods. He chose a 
building site in the southwest portion of the 
land near the present residence of Erastus 
Boiiner, two males south of Xenia. He pro- 
cured the services of some yotmg men to 
build a log house, and then returned to ^lil- 
lord. The cabin of one room, with its pun- 
cheon fioor and clapboard roof and ceiling 
being finished, the family and four of their 
\'irginia neighbors, who came west with 
them, thirteen persons in all, moved into it 
in the fall of that year. The canvas tent 
was now cut up to form partitions in the 

Four of the children were marrieel while 
the family livetl in this house. Xanc_\' Bon- 
ner was married in 1804 to Rev. John Sale, 
the first Methodist preacher in this section. 
David Bonner married a iliss Reynolds, of 
L'rbana, Ohio, in 1805. Chaiiel H. Bon- 
ner married a sister of Samuel Pelham, who 
married ALartha Bonner. Samuel Pelham 
was the father of \\'illiam F. Pelham, who 
used to keep the grange warehouse. He was 
also editor of the first newspaper published 
in Xenia, "The Vehicle." James E. Gallo- 
way, of Xenia, has now in his possession 
the files of that paper for the year 1815. 

Mr. Bonner and' his sons burned the first 
liine-kiln and built the first brick house in 
this county. It was occupied by the remain- 
ing members of the family as early as 1807, 



but was not hnishcd 011 the inside for some 
years later. It now forms part of the resi- 
dence cif I'Irastns Bonner and liis family. 
Stith Bonner, another son, was married to 
Miss Maria Mercer, the daughter of Ed- 
ward Mercer, a neighbor, in 1819. Eliza 
Bonner became the wife of Rev. John P. 
Taylor in 1820. He was a Methodist min- 
ister of some prominence and also a phy- 
'sician. They removed to Indiana some years 
ago, where they died. Mr. Fredrick Bon- 
ner, Sr., died in 1830, at the age of seventy- 
iwo years. His wdfe died in 1818 in the 
si.xl v-second year of her age. Of the si.x chil- 
dren t(j whose marriages we have referred, 
one, Mrs. Pelham, died at the age of sixty- 
two years ; the remaining five lived to be 
from eighty to eighty-eight years of age. 
One child, a daughter, died when about 
eigihteen years of age in Virginia before they 
left there. Fredrick Bonner, Jr.. the young- 
est child and the i>nlv survixing member of 
the family in 1879. was born near Peters- 
burg. Dinwiddie county, Virginia, Novem- 
ber 1 1. 1796, and died March 26, 1880, aged 
eighty-four years, and was buried in the 
Bonner graveyard. He was married to Miss 
Elizabeth ]\Iercer, the daughter of a neigh- 
bor, Edward Mercer, October 15. 1823. 
They had two children, Horace and Eras- 
tus. The former died in 1846 in tlie twenty- 
second year of his age. The latter is oiir 
well knnwn florist, proprietor of Maple 
Grove greenhouse, so much admired by its 
many visitors. ]\Irs. Bonner died in 1830 
at the earlv age of twenty-seven years. 


\Micn the familv moved into their new- 

cabin home in 1803 they were in the midst 
of forest, unbroken for miles around, 
through which not even a winding pathway 
took its course. About two miles south of 
their home there was a cabin owned and oc- 
cupied by a family b\' the name of Price. 
Two miles north of them, and aliout two 
liundred yards north of where the present 
Robert's Villa now stands, was the cabin of 
Remembrance Williams and his family. He 
was the father of John ^^"illiam.s, who was 
the father of Mrs. David Medsker, Mrs. 
Samuel Gano, Mrs. James AlcCarty, Mrs. 
William B. Fairchild and ]Mrs. McCann, 
who are well known in Xenia. From the Lit- 
tle Miami river on the west to a point w here 
the Wilmington and Xenia pike crosses Cae- 
sar's creek on the east, there was not a habi- 
tation of any kind except their humble home. 
Near Old Town Run and aljout a mile and a 
half from Mr. R. Williams' cabin home, 
there was a similar structure occupied by 
Mr. Leonard Stump and family, which was 
the only cabin this side of Massies creek set- 
tlement. On the east side of Caesar's creek 
at the crossing of the Wilmington pike and 
about where the residence of Mr. Paris Pe- 
terson's house now stands, there was a little 
village called Caesarsville. Scattered along 
the creek for some distance perhaps there 
were a dozen cabins occupied by as many 
families. These inhabitants of Caesarsville, 
those mentioned above and perhaps a lew 
others, not exceeding twenty or thirty m all, 
were the only families residing in Clreene 
county east of the Little Mian;i ri\-er in 
1803. The principal settlements were at 
that time on the west side of the river 011 
congress lands. He was of the opinion 
that there was not a family living at that 
tinie in that portion of the county now com- 



prising Jefferson. Silver creek. Riss and the 
eastern pi;>rtion of Ceclarville and Caesars- 
creek township-s. and that it was not settled 
at all until the Browilers and ]\Iendenhal!s 
settled some time afterward in the vicinity 
of Jamestown, and soon after laid the first 
grounds for that village. There was not a 
puhlic road at that time in the county, and 
one would travel for miles without seeing 
an acre of tillahle land. Game of all kinds 
was abundant, and it was the principal sub- 
sistence of the scattered inhabitants. Deer 
were said by Mr. Bonner to be as numerous 
m Greene county then as hogs are now, and 
wild turkys and pheasants were to be seen 
in large numbers on every hand. The depths 
of the extensive forests were the hiding- 
places of bears, panthers, catamounts and 
wild cats during the day and furnished them 
a vast territory o\-er which to roam at night 
in search of prey. The narrow \-alley through 
which the Little Miami railroad extends 
from Xenia toward Cincinnati, was literally 
a den of wolves. These ferocious beasts 
would roam the surrounding country at 
night, necessitating strong enclosures as a 
protection for the live stock of the early 
settlers against the ravishings of the mighty 
thieves which often had to be driven from 
their .determined attacks by the burning of 
torches, ringing of bells, blowing of horns 
and repeated banging of fire arms. Bands 
<)f Indians frequented the county in search 
of game in accordance with the right they 
had reserved in their treaty with \\'ayne. 
They had almost a perpetual camp for sev- 
eral years on the ridge a short distance wc-t 
of where the residence of Mr. Washington 
Stark now stands. They were always peace- 
able, and gave the settlers no cause for fear 
while thev remained in this vicinitv. 

Xot very long after their arrival in this 
countv Da\id. the oldest son, accompanied 
by his little brother "Freddie."' whom he 
kept with liim almost constantly on all occa- 
sions, started in the direction of the to-wn, 
Xenia, of which they had heard, but had not 
yet seen. They plodded diligently along, 
cutting away the underbrush and making a 
clear pathway as they proceeded, and at last 
came to the banks of Shawnee, where that 
stream is now covered by a stone arched 
bridge at the crossing of the Cincinnati pike 
and the Dayton railroad. Here they stopped 
to rest and "Freddie"" insisted that thev^ go 
into the town, as he wanted to see the place ; 
but when his brother explained to him that 
there no houses built yet. that nothing had 
been done l.nit the surveying- of the grounds, 
and staking off of some of the streets, and 
promised that he should return some time to 
see the town, he yielded the point, and they 
proceded homeward along the new-made 
pathway, which was the only road to Xenia 
for a long time. The first public road into 
Xenia from the south was the "Bullskin." 
now the Burlington pike. It extended from 
a village on the Ohio river called Bullskin. 
from which the road took its name, north to 
Urbana, Ohio. The records of the original 
survev of the road were l<:)st. and when the 
road was again surveyed, and afterward 
made a pike, it was called by its present 

In the first organization of the countv. 
it was thought best by some to make Cae- 
sarsville the county seat, but the present lo- 
catiim was finally selected and in 1803 the 
ground was laid out preparatory to build- 
ing the town of Xenia. The first h.ouse 
erected was a small log building on what is 
known on the town plat as let Xo. 193. now 



( 1900) in the rear of the residence of Ru- 
(loph Hiistmire, on \\'est Third street, and 
at tliat time owned by John Marshall, who 
was the grandfather of William and James 
Marshall, who are at the present (1900) 
residents of Xenia. This cabin was razed 
April 27, 1804. 

The first school house was built in ifc!o5. 
Jt was by no means a large iiouse, and was 
Iniilt of small, round logs, without floor or 
ceiling. It was erected on Third street, a 
little west of the present residence of Mrs. 
Harvey Coo]3er. and the teacher was Ben- 
jamin Gr()\cr, a brother of JosialT, who 
was the successor to John Paul as clerk of 
courts. About seven years later the town 
could boast of "The Xenia Academy," in 
which the princijjal instructor was Profes- 
sor Espy, afterward renowned as the great 
"storm king." The academy building was a 
' iie-story brick structure that used to 1>e on 
the southeast corner of Market and West 
streets. Xenia improved very rapiilly un- 
til 1812. Whether it was the severe earth- 
(juake' shock felt so distinctly in this sec- 
tion and especially along the Mississippi \al- 
ley in the winter of i8ii-i2, and which ^Ir. 
iionner said shook his father's house until 
the windows rattled, caused the check to 
liie rapid growth of the town, he did not in- 
iurm us. 

John Marshall. wIki built the first house; 
John Paul, clerk of the first court held in the 
county, and the original pri/prietor of the 
town ; Josiah Grover, the second clerk of 
the court and at the same time county audit- 
or and recorder: William A. Beatty, tavern 
i<eeijer ; James Collier, tavern keeper and 
sheriff of Greene county and coroner ; John 

Alexander, law}er and wonderfully large 
man : James Towler, preacher and first post 
master of Xenia : Henry Barnes, carjjenter ; 
John Stull. tailor: Benjanfin Grover, teacher 
of the first school in Xenia: John Williams, 
blacksmith, a son of Remembrance Williams, 
and the father of Mrs. David Medsker: John 
Mitten, wheelwright and chair maker: old 
Mr. Wallace and Captain James Steele, tan- 
ners: Jonathan H. Wallace, hatter: Dr. An- 
drew W. Davidson, the first physician : 
James Gowdy, the first merchant, and Sam- 
uel Gowdry, engaged in the same business ; 
Robert Gowdy, tanner ; William Ellsberry, 
lawyer; Abraham La Rue, carpenter; and 
James Bunton, carpenter and joiner, and a 
very fine workman, are remembered by Mr. 
Bonner as among the earliest inhaljitants of 
Xenia. With the exception of James Gow- 
dy, a bachelor, they were all young married 
men seeking their fortunes in a new country, 
or with fannlics, large and small, striving 
to secure a heritage for their children. Of 
the first houses built in Xenia ]\Ir. Bonner 
says there are but two still (1879) standing 
upon their original foundations. They are 
both two-story log buildings. One was on 
the north side of Main street on the present 
site of H. H. Eavey's wholesale house, and 
was known as the Crumbaugh House, Mr. 
Bonner's father having it built for Rev. 
James Towler in 1805. The other one stood 
on the north side of West Second street, on 
the site now occupied by the two two-story 
buildings of David Hutchison. It was built 
by Mr. James Bunton, carpenter and joiner, 
in 1806. This house was known in later 
years as the McWhirk residence. He sold 
the property some time afterward and re- 



moved to what is now known as Silvercreek 
tomiship, Greene county. Both houses were 
afterward weatlierlxsarded. 


Died Xovanber ist, 1869, in Crawford 
county, lUinois. He was born in Greene- 
ville county, Virginia, on the 6th of Febru- 
ar_\-, 1793. About tlie first day of Novem- 
ber, 1805, his stepfather and family arrived 
at Mr. Frederick Bonner's after a tedious 
and toilsome journey of seven weeks. There 
were but four families living in Xenia, Rev. 
James Towler, \\'illiam A. Beatty, James 
Collier and John Marshall. There was 
neither shop nor store in it. He served a 
tour of duly in the last war with Great 
Britain. He had two sons, one of whom 
died in the service. He left this county in 
1817, and was a ])ioneer in Indiana and Illi- 
nois, and went through many hardships, 
jjrivations and bodily afflictions in his re- 
moval farther west. He led a blameless and 
industrious life and was a devoted and' zeal- 
ous Christian. In August he lost the part- 
ner of his joys and sorrows, the mother of 
his twelve children, and his grief was in- 
consolable. He could neither eat nor sleep, 
and was .seized with a chill, which was fol- 
lowed by lung fever. His last prayer was 
for death to relie\-e him from suffering and 


On Sabbath, October 31, 1858, Rev. R. 
D. Harper, then pastor of said church, gave 
the following account of its early history : 

"The first church edifice was erected in 
181 1, situated on the southeast corner of 
what is known as the George Gordon land, 
north King street. It is now being used as 
a dwelling house. The second edifice was 
erected in 181 7 upon the ground known as 
Milieu's pork house, on East Church street. 
The third, now occupied by the First United 
Presbyterian church, on East Market street, 
v^as erected in 1847. The first notice of the 
Xenia congregation which is to be found, is 
found from the minutes of the Kentucky 
Presbytery, from 1798 down to 181 7. It is 
the following: That at a meeting of this 
presbytery held in Cynthiana, Harrison 
county, Kentucky, Septeml>er 28, 1808, a 
petition was presented froin certain persons 
in Xenia, Ohio, desiring supplies of jKeach- 
ing from the presbytery. 

In accordance with this petition Rev. 
Abraham Craig was appointed to preach at 
Xenia on the first Sabbath of October, and 
first Sabbath of Xovember. 1808. which ap- 
pointment was filled as ordered. The same 
records show that Mr. Craig preached four 
Sabbaths in Xenia in 1809. In 18 10 Mr. 
John Steele was appointed to preach four 
Sabbaths in Xenia previous to the next 
meeting of presbytery. At the next meet- 
ing of presbytery held in Millersburg, Ken- 
tucky, April 24, 1 8 10. ]Mr. Steele was ap- 
pointed to preach in Xenia and preside 'it 
the election and ordination of elders in this 
congregation. Thus it can be seen that the 
regular organization of this congregation 
took place some time during the year 18 10. 

In 181 1 Rev. Adam Rankin and Rev. 
^^"illiam Baldridge were appointed to preach 
in Xenia. In 1812 Rev. McCord and Rev. 
Wallace were appointed to preach in Xenia. 
In 18 1 3 a petition was presented for the 



moderation of a call. This was the first call 
lor a pastiir. It was made out lor tiie Rev. 
James McCord but it was never presenteil. 
Rev. McCord connected himself with the 
Presbyterian church and the call was re- 
turned to the congregation. During the 
year 1814 Revs. Rankin and Craig preached 
frequently in Xenia, and on the second Sab- 
bath of August of that year dispensed the 
Lord's Su])per, which is the first account on 
record of the observance of that holy ordi- 
nance ill this congregation. The presbytery 
of Kentucky, at this date, 1814, consisted of 
Revs. Rankin, Porter, Risque, McCord, 
Craig. Rainey, Bishop, Carrithers, McFar- 
land and Steele, all of whom have long 
iince gone to the grave, and as we humbly 
trust to the reward of their faithful labors 
in Heaven. In 1815 and 1816 Revs. 
Risque. McFariand and Steele were fre- 
quently apixjinted to preach in the vicinity 
of Xenia. In 1817 a call was made out by 
the congregation in Xenia for the Rev. John 
Steele, and by him accepted. He removed 
to Xenia in 1817 and took charge of the 
congregation. Here he continued to labor 
until 1836, a period of nineteen years. The 
lalxjrs of this eminent and faithful servant 
were crowned with success. Air. Steele re- 
signed his charge in 1836 and in 1837 ^n 
the nth day of January, this good and 
faithful minister of God was called home to 
his reward in Hea\-en. 


cothe from Romans 10:4: also Remans 
14:47. This was in all probability the first 
preaching to the Associate congregation of 
Chillicothe. On the 13th of May, he crossed 
the Little Miami in a canoe, making his 
horse swim by his side, and preached at the 
house of Air. (afterward Gov.) Alorrow. 
On the 17th he preached at the house of Mr. 
Bickett. On the 20th of May preached at 
the house of Mr. Shaw on Clear creek. On 
the 2 1 St of May preached at the house of 
Air. AIcKnight near Bellbrcxjk from Jer. 
31 :^;}. On the evening of the 22nd of Alay 
he tarried at the house of Air. James Gallo- 
way, Sr., near Old Chillicothe. Here we 
learn from his diary that about the 22nd of 
Alay, 1798, Air. Steele made his first visit to 
this county, and preached the gospel in this 
wilderness. After the resignation of Air. 
Steele in 1836 the congregation remained 
without a settled pastor for some two or 
three years. At the expiration of this period 
a call was made for Rev. James R. Bonner 
and by him accepted. Air. Bonner contin- 
ued his labors as pastor of the congregation 
for a period of about eight years. 

In October, 1845, Rev. R. D. Harper 
made his first visit to this congregation and 
the following year accepted a call that had 
been made, was ordained and installed as 
pastor. In 1870 he was succeeded by Dr. 
Wm. G. Aloorehead who served until 1875. 
\\heii Dr. Thomas PI. Hanna was called, 
who in turn gave place in 1880 to Rev. J. 
H. \\^right. 

On the iith of April', 1798. he set out 
for a point near Alaysville, Kentucky. After 
crossing the Ohio river he lay out in the 
woods all night, and reached' Chillicothe on 
the evening of the JOth. preached at Chilli- 


David B. Cline was born near Buckles- 
town in Berkley county, Virginia, Febru- 
arv 2y. 1807, and remained there until 



twenty years cf age. Mr. Cline came to this 
state with liis mother, three sisters, a mar- 
ried lM-other and iiis wife, and Miss Fannie 
Mortimer, a neighbor girl. The journey 
was made in one month to a day in a large 
wagon, and the party settled at Milford, 
now Cedarville, in this county, April 28, 
1827. One beautiful Sabl)ath in ^lay fol- 
lowing he attended public worship for the 
first time in this county, going to an- old log 
church situated in the near Cedar- 

\ille. where a Baptist cungregation held di- 
vine services. He went in company with 
Christopher F( x. a resident of the town, and 
arriving at the cliurch before the hour of 
service they went to a spring near by toi get 
a drink, the weather being dry and warm 
for that season of the year. From that point 
]\Ir. Cline had a good view of the arriving 
worshipers and their diversity of dress pre- 
sented to him "just from old Virginia" a 
novel feature. One man came without coat 
or vest, boots or shoes, wore an immense 
straw hat and carried a large Inann book 
under his arm. Another, a pair of heavy 
boots and a thick overcoat, huge ca[>e and 
other clothing to correspond, walked up 
with an air of ease and comfort. While re- 
marking the great difference in dress of the 
two, Mr. Cline noticed another man who 
was just tying his horse to a sappling near 
by. who wore a pair of green leggings which 
extended just above his knees, and he asked 
his companion why these were worn when 
there was no mud, and Fox replied "Oh, he 
wears them to hide the holes in his pants." 
At this time ^^lilford was composed oi 
four log cabins and a small frame house 
which was owned and occupied by a miller 
whose mill, a small concern, stood near bv. 

Here the grinding was done by water power, 
)>ut the bolting apparatus was run by hand, 
and each customer had to turn the machine 
to bolt his own grist while he gave the same 
toll taken at other mills where the work was 
all done by water power, thus apparently 
pa}ing for the privilege of running the 
machine. Soon after his arrival at this place 
Mr. Cline was employed as a farm hand by 
^Ir. John Reid for whom he labored for 
some time at seven dollars per month. Ob- 
taining license from Judge Grover, then 
clerk of courts, he was married June 15, 
1827, to Miss Fannie Mortimer, and not 
long afterward. he removed with his wife to 
a farm near Grape Grove, and commenced 
farming for himself. After gathering his 
crop of corn the following year, 1828, he 
shelled what was then considered an im- 
mense load by hand, measured it. hitched up 
a four-horse team, hauled it to Clifton and 
sold it to a miller there. This man was a 
German, and kept two lialf bushel measures, 
the larger of which he used to measure grain 
in when he liought it. the uther when lie sold 
it. As measured by the Dutchman his load 
did not hold out according to Mr. Cline's 
measurement, wb.o, informing the miller that 
he himself had measured the grain with a 
scaled measure, and did not propose to be 
cheated in that way, succeeded in getting 
pay for the whole load, with the proceeds of 
which he went to a store near by and pur- 
chased two and one-half yards of Cassinet, 
made at Old Town, for a pair of pants, at 
a dollar per yard, fifty cents worth of coffee, 
and twenty-five cents worth of sugar at six 
and a fourth cents per pound, which con- 
sumed the amount received for his grain. 
And often on the way home he had to laugh 



at tlie clianf;e in tlie bulk and weis^ht of his 
load, which in coming to the mill, was equal 
to the strength of his four horse team. 

It was in the fall of tliis same year Mr. 
Cline cast his first vote for President, which 
vote he cast for Adams, as against Jackson, 
who was elected. He made a visit to Xenia 
.soon after, making some purchases of Moses 
Trader and Samuel Xewcomb. In the 
spring of 1829 he removed to a small farm 
on Massies creek, near George Gordon, for 
whom he often worked. From this place 
he rem()\ed to Xenia in April, 1834, and 
did a great deal of work the first year 
grading and otherwise impro\ing the streets 
ar.d also worked as a brick mason for 
Luucll Kiler. For six years he drtive a hack 
to and from Cincinnati, and to Dayton and 
Springfield. In the fall of 1847 ^I''- Cline 
commenced his long termi as sexton of 
Woodland cemetery by assisting" the sur- 
veyor in his work in laying it out. He took 
charge of the same in 1848 and continued 
there for many years. Amid .ill the excite- 
ment on account of the cholera in 1849 Mr. 
Cline was ever true to- his trust, and while 
many sent to assist him failed for lack of 
courage, Mr. Cline was alwavs at his post 
pcrfonrang his duty as a brave man should. 
When the late Civil war, with all its sad 
features, was forced upon the people of the 
north, Mr. Cline, although southern born, 
t(;ok his place in the ranks as a defender 
of "the one country and the one flag" as a 
member o-f Company B, Seventy-fourth 
Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He lies in the 
cemetery that he did so much to make Ijeau- 
tiful. Peace to his ashes. 


Died at his residence in Xenia, March 31, 

1852, aged se\-enty-thrce years, and is bur- 
ied in ^\'uodland cemetery. He was a nati\e 
of Virginia, came to Ohio in 1810 and set- 
tled near Xenia. In the last war of this 
country with England, when our frontier 
was inxaded and the inhabitants exposed to 
British depredations and their savage allies, 
he entered the army, served one year faith- 
fully -and received an honorable discharge. 
He was for more than fifty years a member 
of the M. E. church, and for a numiber of 
years was the faithful sexton of what is 
now called the First M. E. church of Xenia. 
His conduct was consistent as a professing 
Christian. Peace to his ashes. He rests 
from his labors and his works do follow 
him. He was the father of Mahlon Wam- 
ble, who was so well known in Xenia as an 
honest, hard-working man, respected by all 
who knew him. 


Was born in the state of ^laryland on the 
3d day of August, 1790, where he spent 
his youth and early manhood. At the age 
of twenty-six years he left his home and 
emigrated to Ohio, settling" in Xenia in the 
year 18 16. Here he spent fifty years of his 
life. He "was for a number of years book- 
keeper and principal salesman in the dry 
goods store of the late Col. John Hivling. 
In the early marriage records of the county 
is the following: "Married, October 28, 
1 82 1, Air. Michael Xunnemaker to Miss 
Mary Hivling, by Rev. Thomas Winters. 
She was the daughter of his employer. Col. 
John Hivling." They li\-ed a happy mar- 
ried life for nearly half a century until his 
death, which occurred at his home in Xenia 
February 2/, 1866. The issue of this mar- 
riage was one daughter, Sarah A. For 



many years he was one of the leading mer- 
chants of Xenia. Afterward and at the 
time of his death lie was a banker in part- 
nership with his son-in-law, the Hon. John 
B. Allen (deceased), who was born near 
Mt. Pleasant, Shenandoah county, Virginia, 
in 1816, and died at his home in Xenia 
December i, 1893. in his seventy-eighth 

December 10, 1839, Rev. Joseph Hill 
spoke the words that united the lives of 
John B. Allen and Miss Sarah A. X'unne- 
maker for iife as man and wife. Air. Allen 
]iad at first on corruing to Xenia, in 1836, 
accepted a position as salesman in the store 
'Of Canby & Walton, who were then con- 
ducting a store in the east room of Mer- 
rick's Hotel. Mr. \\'alton's wife was a sis- 
ter of Mr. Allen. At the .death of Mr. 
Allen, as given above, he left beside his 
widow, two daughters, Mrs. Col. Coates 
Kinney and Miss Clara Allen. 

Mr. Nunnemfeker was ever known as an 
enterprising, prudent and strictly honest 
business man. He was successful in the ac- 
cumulation of wealth. Perhaps no' one more 
fully observed the precept, "If riches in- 
crease, set not your heart on them." With 
.an open hand and warm heart he was ever 
ready to assist the worthy poor. For more 
than thirty-three years he was a worthy and 
active member of the First Methodist Epis- 
copal church of Xenia. His last illness was 
of four montlis" duration. Pie and his faith- 
ful wife. Mary, and their honored son-in- 
law arc buried in our beautiful Woodland 


Aaron Harlan, for many years a rep- 
resentative man of Greene county. Ohio, 
alied in San Francisco. California. January 

18, 1868, aged sixty-six years. Mr. Harlan 
was born in \\"arren county, September 8, 
1802. He was admatted to the bar in 1825, 
and immediately removed to this county, 
which he was chosen to represent in the 
state legislature in 1831, the people thus 
early appreciating his talents and wortli of 
character. In 1838, 1839 "^^d 1849 h^ ^^"''^ 
chosen to the state senate. He was a presi- 
dential elector, and also a member of the 
Ohio constitutional convention in 1850. In 
1852 he was elected to congress from this 
district, where he, in the critical period pre- 
vious to the war, served for several years, 
the approved, consistent, faithful and zeal- 
ous champion of the struggling principles 
of Republicanism. On the breaking out of 
the war Mr. Harlan was nominated for con- 
gress by the Republican convention' at Mor- 
row, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the 
appointment of Hon. Thomias Corwin min- 
ister to Mexico. It was at this convention 
that iVir. Harlan made his memorable 
speech, in which, referring" to the rebels, he 
urged to "whip them quick and whip them 
well," an expression which, placed as a 
miotto on the Republican ticket, became 
famous throughout the state. Owing to his 
boldness and radicalism, and to' the milk- 
and-water and weak-kneed character of a 
large number of Republicans, he was de- 

As a citizen Mr. Harlan won the respect 
nf all parties. As a lawyer his pre-emi- 
nence stood confessed. A graceful as well 
as a forccable speaker, his words always had 
weight and influence rarely possessed. 

russell' rice, a soldier of the war of 

Mr. Rice was one of the oldest and most 




esteemed citizens of Xenia. He died De- 
cember 3, iSjg, at the residence of his 
daughter, Mrs. M. J. Sheley, in this city. 
He was a native of Connecticut and came 
to Ohio with his parents in 181 1. Tliey 
settled first in Dayton. He was not yet 
fourteen years old when he enlisted in the 
army in the war of 1812. He was noted 
for extraordinary expertness in playing the 
fife, as was also his brother Silas an expert 
with the drum. Both of them were mere 
boys and went out together and returned 
without a scratch. They served in the army 
as musicians two years upon the Canada 
frontier. At the close of the war he returned 
to Dayton, and in 1815 came to Xenia with 
his mother, his father having died in Day- 
ton. July 10, 1819, he was married to 
Elizabeth Sanders. He soon afterward en- 
gaged in business in Xenia as a manufac- 
turer of edged tools, in wliich business he 
continued until quite old. As a workman 
in that line it is said he had no superior. 
His shop once stood on the lot where now 
( 1900) stands the (irand Hotel of Xenia. 
^Ir. Rice was identified as an active meml>er 
of the Whig party, and in his early manhood 
took an active part in politics. In later years 
he became and cor.tinucd a stanch Republi- 
can. For many years the notes of his fife 
were kept step to by the tramp of the militia. 
During the timp of the musters in the "good 
nld times" long ago he organized and was 
captain of the first artillery company fonned 
in Greene count}-, and in his old age was 
able to relate many interesting military and 
political events which formed a prominent 
part in the early history of this city and 
county. His strict integrity and active life 
won for him the highest respect and esteem 
which was evinced by the many aged friends 
who assembled tO' pay the last tribute of re- 

spect to his memory the day he was buried 
in our own beautiful Woodlan4, west of 
Xenia, where he had spent so many useful 
days of his life. His life-long friends arid 
intimate associates, Brinton Baker, Aniel 
Rodgers, J. C. McAIillcn, Davis Fifer, John 
Moore and E. S. Xichols, were his pall- 
bearers. He was for many years an es- 
teemed member of the Reformed church of 
this city, and at the age of eighty-one years 
died as he had lived, a Christian, December 


Mr. Winans was born in ]\Iaysville, 
Kentucky, June 7, 18 18, and died at his 
residence in Xenia, Ohio, April 28 1879, in 
the sixty-ninth year of his age. His father 
was Dr. Matthias Winans. James was the 
second son of a family of ten children. His 
early years were spent at home with his par- 
ents, and in February, 1837, he went to 
Winchester, Kentucky, and became a clerk 
in the store of Simpson & Miller. He re- 
mained .in Winchester about five years, and 
during this time, under the supervision of 
John R. Huston and Judge James Simpson, 
he studied law and was admitted to the bar 
by the Mt. Sterling circuit court and shortly 
afterward came to Jamestown, this county. 
In April or May, 1842, he removed to 
Noblesville, Indiana, where he engaged in 
the practice of law, but on account of the 
unhealthfulness of the locality he returned 
to Jamestown in February, 1843. He was 
admitted to the bar in Indiana, Mr. Howard, 
afterward minister to Texas, being chair- 
man of the examining committee. During 
the summer of 1843 he was admitted to the 
bar in Ohio at the supreme court in Clinton 
county, Judge George J. Smith being chair- 



man of the examining committee. At this 
examination tliere were six apphcants for 
admission, four of whom were rejected. 
After admission to tlie bar lie began to 
practice law in Greene county, and on Sep- 
tember 26, 1843. he was married to Caro- 
line E. Morris, who with six children sur- 
vive him. Soon afterward he formed a law- 
partnership with William Ellsberry, with 
whom he continued until June, 1845, ^vhen 
he was app<jinted clerk of the court of com- 
mon pleas of Greene county. He continued 
in this olfice until the fall of 1851, when 
he returned to and continued in the prac- 
tice of law. In 1857 he was elected to the 
senate of Ohioi from the district comprising 
the counties of Greene, Fayette and Clinton. 
In 1863 he was elected to the house of rep- 
resentatives from Greene county to fill a 
vacancy occasioned by the death of John M. 
.Miller. In February, 1864, he was ap- 
])iiinted judge uf the court of common pleas 
for the third subdivision of the second dis- 
trict, composed of the counties of Clark, 
Greene, Warren and Madison, in place of 
Judge Wilham White, who was appointed 
to a vacancy on the supreme bench. In the 
fall of 1864 he was elected without nomi- 
nation and without opposition for the resi- 
due of the term, and in 1866 he was re- 
elected for the lull term of five years. In 
1868 he was elected as a representative to 
congress from the seventh congressional 
district, comprising the counties of Greene, 
Clark, Madison and Franklin, resigning his 
office as judge. At the expiration of his 
term he declined a second nomination, al- 
though tendered him, and resumed the prac- 
tice of law. In the campaign of 1872 he fell 
in with the Greeley or "Liberal" movement 
and ran against L. B. Gunkle for congress 
in the fourth district on the Liberal ticket 

and was defeated. Afterward he devoted 
his whole attenticm to the practice of law 
and continued within a few months of his 
death, when compelled lo' quit practicing on 
account of failing' health. As a citizen, as 
a practitioner, as an officer, as a represen- 
tati\-e and in all his Ijusiness relations 
Judge Winans was a man of sterling worth. 
As a judge he was universally popular, and 
as a congressional representative no man 
ever served his constituency more faithfully. 
He lies buried in oiu' own beautiful Wood- 
land cemeterv. 


Died at his residence in Xenia January 9. 
18(13. He was l»rn near Salisbury, Rowan 
county. North Carolina, on the 7th day of 
Alay, 1797. His family emigrated first to 
Kentucky, and st(_)pped awhile at Crab Or- 
chard. In 1803 they arrived in this county, 
and settled near the present site of Bell- 
brook. His mlilitary title was gained in the 
militia, in which he rose from the rank of 
captain to that of brigadier general, which 
office he held until 1838. In 1836 he en- 
tered upon the duties of cimnty commis- 
sioner and served until 1842. After Will- 
iam Coburn Robinson, sheriff, died in the 
last mentioned year. Major Lewis was the 
next sheriff of Greene county, and served 
until 1846. In 1849 he was appointed post- 
master for Xenia, and served until 1853. 
In 1854 he was again elected sheriff, and 
served four more years. In 1861 he was 
elected county treasurer, and was serving 
as such when he died. His father, Daniel 
Lewis, Sr.. was a soldier in the war of 1812, 
and is buried in the Old Associate, or Pio- 
neer, graveyard at Bellbrook, Ohio. 




Perhaps many of the old "boys" wlio 
were Ixirn in Xcnia previous to' 1840 stiU 
rem,'emher "Old Blaiin." the jolly, good 
natured colnred man "auction bell rint^er ' 
and professional shoe black, and on "m/iis- 
ter days" always brought up the rear carry- 
ing his bucket and tin cup to supply the 
thirsty soldiers of that day. Almost every 
one knew him and never will forget the 
cross-eyed, eccentric, droll old negro, whose 
whims and oddities ha\e excited so much 
hearty laughter, the delight of the small 
boy and loved by all. He died of small- 
pox in Xenia, Saturday, February 17, 1849. 
He was a native of Nottoway county, 
Virginia. His inhuman "master" tore him 
away from liis wife and seven children, sent 
him l:>y sea to New Orleans and sold him t(5 
a sugar planter, in whose plantation he 
labored a number of years. While there, 
for some su]>])osed offense he was tied up 
and received a punishment almost as sex'ere 
as the "Russian knout." being whipped at 
intervals nearly all day. This confined him 
to the hosi)ital two months, and much atten- 
tion was necessary to i>rcvcnt nwrtification 
from! ensuing. His cruel master had paid 
the debt of nature and it was Blann's con- 
solation that 

"Dey dug a hulc right out on the lebel. 
Cause he actually believe he were gone tO' 

de debel ; 
Oh, goqdy! Old master used to lite on 

me so, 

Now he got to tote his own firewood be- 

1 - " 

His next master ran a steaniboat, 

trading at Mobile and Florida. On the last 

trip that Blann was with him he landed a 

quantity of freight and left Blann to watch 

it ; he soon found himself surrounded bv a 
band of hostile Seminoles. But among the 
merchandise there was some whiskey, with 
which he treated them liberally, and so 
anmised them that they got in a fine humor 
and left the freight untouched. For this act 
his master gave him to a relative in Cin- 
cinnati that he miight become a free man. 
He was for some years in the employ of 
(jo'V. Tom Corwin, coming from there tO' 


Was a native of Virginia, and came to 
Greene county, Ohio, and purchased land 
on Massies creek in 1803. He was a soldier 
of the Revolution. He was the father of 
six sons, namely : Asapli, John, James, 
Thomias, Richard and William. He was 
alsi) the father of two' daughters, Ann and 
Alary. Mr. Hugh Andrew gives, in the 
"History of Greene County," a very inter- 
esting account of the marriage oif James 
Bull to Ann, daughter of John Gowdy, Sr., 
of Sugarcreek township. This event oc- 
ciu-red November 8. 1804, Rev. Robert 
Armistrong officiating. This was marriage 
No. 25 as shown on the early records. 
AMlliam Bull's daughter, Ann, must have 
l:)een married to- Samuel Shaw previous to 
his coming to Ohio, as we find from the rec- 
ords that she was a widow' with two chil- 
dren, namely, Amos Shaw and sister Mary. 
Amos Shaw made his home with his uncle, 
Jamies Bull, until his twenty-first birthday. 
From the early records we also find that 
Septeml)er i, 1803, she was married to 
Jolni Marshall, the man who' erected the 
first cabin in the now city of Xenia, April 
27, 1804. And on the 4th day of Septem- 
ber, 1804, was born the first child in what 

1 66 


is now the city of Xenia, namely, Robert T. 


This churcli was organized hy tlie Rev. 
Benjamin Lakin, June 23, 1813, and was 
one of the regular appointments on Union 
circuit, Miami district, with Benjamin 
Lakin and Solomon Langdon, pastors. The 
following board of trustees was appointed : 
Frederick Bonner, John Beall, Chapel Bon- 
ner, Richard Conwell, John StuU, Samuel 
Pelham and James Towler, who at once re- 
solved to make arrangements for building 
a church, holding divine service during the 
time in private houses. A committee was 
duly appointed to secure a suitable lot of 
ground and report terms at the next meet- 
ing of the board. According to appoint- 
ment the board met, and the committee re- 
ported as follows: Lot Xo. 151 (being the 
ground on which this church now stands) 
could be purchased for thirty dollars of 
James Towler, une of the board of trustees. 
The report accepted lot secured, they pro- 
ceeded at once to make preparation to build 
the church. A committee was appointed 
and authorized t(j secure forty thousand 
brick for said building. The next meeting 
of the l)oard, we find recorded, was not until 
Alarch 12, 18 14, Rev. Samuel Parker, pre- 
siding elder, and Revs. Marcus Lindsey and 
Joseph Tatman, pastors. The preacher in 
charge found it necessary to appoint new 
trustees, two having resigned and one ex- 
pelled for non-attendance at class-meeting. 
It was decided that the number be seven : 
Xathaniel McClain (brother of Hon. John 
McClain ) was apjx>inted to fill the va- 
cancy. Towler and IMcClain were ap- 
pointed to superintend the building of 

the church; the size to be thirty by 
forty feet, twelve feet from floor to top 
of wall; foundation of stone; roofed in 
workman-like mianner; said committee h^ 
have the work carried on as they felt justi- 
fiable from amount subscribed, and use the 
same to the liest of their judgment. The 
work went slo'W. The ne.xt meeting re- 
corded was ]\Iay 18, 181 5, Rev. John Sale, 
presiding elder. Revs. Moses Crume and 
Jacob Miller, pastors. According to pre- 
vious notice trustees met. Two having re- 
signed Henry Hypes and Dr. Joseph John- 
son were appointed to fill the vacancy. Sam- 
uel Pelham was appointeil to assist Towler 
in superintending and carrying on the build" 
ing. August 28, 18 1 6, Rev. Abbott God- 
dard, pastor, we find recorded trustees ac- 
cepted the meeting house from builder. 
Mills Edwards, and find Ijalance due him, 
forty dollars and twenty-six cents. Trus- 
tees gave their due bill, to be paid in three, 
six and nine months. Resolved further that 
suit be brought against those who owe bal- 
ance on subscription who do not pay in 
thirty days from date, and Henry Hypes 
is hereby authorized to carry said resolution 
into effect. \\"e have no record of dedi- 
cate irv ser\ices having been held. October 
13, 1S17, Moses Crunije. presiding elder, 
f'iev. John Sale and Rev. John Brooks, pas- 
tors. Edward Wamble was em,])loyed to 
take care of the church for one year, at a 
salary of ten .dollars. He is authorized to 
call on each member for a contribution of 
si.x and one-fourth cents to buy candles for 
lighting the meeting house during di\-ine 
service. In 1818, \\'illiam Dixon and John 
Waterman, pastors; in 1819, Truman 
Bishop and Stephen Harber, pastors ; in 
1820, James B. Finley. presiding elder, 
Revs. John Strange and W. M. P. Ouin, 



pastors. W. M. Faulkner offered his serv- 
ices to keep the cliurch in order gratis dur- 
ing his continuance in Xenia. Truly this 
was a day of small things. Yet faithful men 
of God served the church. Great and jxjw- 
erful revivals followed year after year, and 
many were added to the church. In 1821 
Revs. John Strange and W. T. Taylor, pas- 
tors; in 1822, J. Strange and Jcjhn Brooke; 
in 1823, Arthur W. Elliot and J. Brooke; 
in 1S24, Rev. John Collin, presiding elder, 
and .\. \V. Elliot and Burrous Westlake, 
])astors. ;\t this period the congregation 
had hccome so large that the trustees found 
it necessary to enlarge the church by build- 
ing an addition, fifty feet long and twenty- 
eight feet wide, taking out one end of the 
church, making the addition in the form of 
a T. Here we find recorded : Trustees em- 
ployed Reuben Hixon to keep the churcii 
for one year for ninety bushels of corn and 
si.K dollars and eighty-seven and a half cents 
in money. In 1823, Revs. Russell Bigelow 
and Burrous Westlake and Thomas Beach- 
am. pastors: in 1826, Charles Waddle, John 
Sale and William B. Christy, pastors; in 
1827, W. 11. Raper, G. W. Maley and G. W. 
Walker, pastors; in 1828, \\'. H. Raper, 
G. W. Maley and J. W. Clark, pastors; in 
1829. Augustus Eddy and Joshua Boucher, 
pastors; in 1830, I. F. Wright, of precious 
memory, was presiding elder, Augustus 
Eddy and W. P. Taylor, pastors; in 183 1, 
Francis Wilson and Ebenezer Owen, pas- 
tors; in 1832, Francis \\'ilson and Daniel 
D. Davidson, pastors. During this last year 
the tallow candle became a thing of the past. 
Trustees ordered that one and one-half gal- 
lons of sperm oil be purchased for the use of 
the church, and a committee be appointed 
for said purpose. We find also recorded, 
May 16, 1832: Trustees decided to build a 

l>elfry on the east end of the church, to be 
ten feet above the comb of the roof, eight 
feet in the clear, eight feet square, a dome 
and wooden ball of proportional size; the 
ball to be painted chrome yellow ; the roof 
of pine shingles painted brown; the body 
painted white; at a cost of one hundred and 
sixteen dollars. A bell was placed in this 
belfry that lias calle;d the people together 
for more than half a century. The old bell 
still rings, and may continue to ring for a 
century to come. In 1832 and 1833 James 
Law and Dr. Samuel Latta were pastors. 
During this year one of the most wonderful 
re\-ivals of religion that we have on record 
occurred. It commenced before the holi- 
days and continued until late in the spring. 
Between three and four hundretl were con- 
\'erted and united with the church. Feople 
came a distance of twenty and thirty miles 
to attend the meetings. During this won- 
derful outpouring of the Spirit many be- 
lievers received the blessing of sanctifica- 
tion. In 1834 and 1835 Alfred K. Lorain. 
Stephen Holland and Alexander ^bn-row 
were pastors. This year it was decided that 
the interest of the church demanded a 
change. As the ct)ngTegation had become 
sufficiently strong to support a preacher, the 
conference granted the change, and in 1836 
Rev. A. Brown' was appointed stationed 
preacher. Rev. W. li. Raper, presiding 
elder; in 1837, Rev. L. White, pastor. Rev. 
O. Spencer, presiding elder; in 1838, Solo- 
mon Howard, pastor; in 1839, W'illiam 
Young, pastor; in 1840 and 1841, J. J. 
Hill, pastor, and Rev. James B. Finley, pre- 
siding elder. During the last two> years 
there was a gracious outpouring of the 
Spirit upon the church, sinners were con- 
\erted, believers sanctified and many added 
to the church of such as shall be saved. In 

1 68 


1842 Rev. I. W. White was pastor; in 1844, 
\y. H. Tyffe. pastor, and the beloved \V. H. 
Raper again presiding elder. During the 
second year of Brother Tyffe's pastorate the 
old church was taken down to give place to 
a new one. The congregation worshiped 
during this time in the Methodist Protest- 
ant church un Church street. In 1845 K^^'- 
J. G. Dininiett was pastor; in 1846 and 
1847, Rev. William Herr, pastor. Rev. 
George \\ . Walker, presiding elder. In De- 
cember, soon after the arrival of Brother 
Herr, the new church was dedicated by 
Bishop Morris. Immediately following the 
dedication of the church was a great re- 
vival, and many united with the church, 
seme of whom are efficient members at this 
time. In 1848 Rev. W. H. Raper has again 
been appointed as pastor, having served this 
church four different times during a period 
of twenty-one years. In 1849 Rev. Charles 
Elliot was pastor. This was a year of great 
affliction. That fearful scourge, cholera, 
prc\-ailetl. Xo doubt many will remember 
that faithful servant of the church, Rev. 
Elliot, as he went from house to house 
caring for the sick and .dying. He, too, 
above all others, was ever keeping the in- 
terest of the missionary cause before his 
congregation, and was most ardent in his 
prayers that the gospel might be preached in 
the city of Rome. His prayers are an- 
swered; his son-in-law. Rev. L. M. Vernon, 
is at this time a missionary in that city. In 
1850, Augustus Eddy was pastor; in 1851, 
Asl)ury Lowry ; in 1853, Rev. Cyrus 
Brooks; in 1855. Granville Moody; Rev. 
William Simmons was presiding elder; in 
1857, Charles Adams; in 1858; Moses 
Smith: in i860, W. H. Sutherland; in 
18G2, W. I. l-~ee, pastor. These years were 
noted as a crisis in the historv of the church. 

First a great revival and large ingathering; 
more than two hundred joined the church. 
Xe.xt the division of the congregation and 
the ( rganization of Trinity church in 1864. 
The first pastor after the division was Rev. 
James L. Grover, followed by Rev. Thomas 
Collett, who rendered efficient service in re- 
modeling the audience room and building 
the valuable addition of lecture rooms and 
class rooms in the rear of the churcli. In 
1868 W. L. Hypes was pastor; in 1871, 
J. F. Marley: in 1874, ^l. A. Richards; in 
1877, Lucian Clark; in 1880, E. T. Wells; 
in 1882, Rev. William Runyan, who was 
successful in raising funds to refrescoe, 
paint and carpet the entire church, leaving 
it for his successor in perfect order. In 
1885. Dr. J. F. Marley, after an absence of 
eleven years, was returned, much to the 
gratification of old friends. 

In the seventy-three years past this 
church has been served Iiy more than si.xty 
miinisters, as pastors and presiding elders, 
the best talent in the conference, noble men 
of God. and eloquent. The annual confer- 
ence has been entertained in this church four 
times: In 1836. Bishop Roberts presiding; 
in 1853. James presiding; in 1864, 
Bishop Baker presiding, and in 1877, Bishop 
Ida\en presiding. 


.\mong the many old cases at law that 
are yet found in our court records are many 
that bring to light history that has been 
forgotten. One case we will recall, a chan- 
cery case, or suit of ejectment, brought by 
Peter and Jesse Vandolah against Major 
John Stevenson. It had been a long time 
in court and June 15. :8i8. notice had been 
given liy Thomas R. Ross, attorney for 



plaintiff, to Hon. John Alexander, for the de- 
fendant, and acknowledged liy him, that on 
the loth day of Jnne, 1818, they would 
meet at Old Chillicothe, or Oldtown, at the 
house of Abner Reid (house still standing in 
igoo), and prtx-eed to take depositions be- 
fi re the nitisier commissioner, Josiah 
CJrover, to be used in the case before the su- 
l)reme court, which was soon to meet. Court 
was called to order and they proceeded to 
take deposition of David Laughead and 

Ones. Mr, Laughead, Imw lung ha\e 
\o\\ been acquaintt^d with Old Chillicothe. 
Crcene county, Ohio, where you now are? 

.\ns. On an expedition from Kentucky 
I was attached to a troop of horse under 
the command of (ieneral Clarke and arrived 
at Old Chillic.ithe on the 5th day of Au- 
gust, 1780. 

Ones. Was this a place of notoriety at 
that time? 

Ans. ^'e^, 1 know it to be a strong In- 
dian town by the name of Chillicothe. and it 
was generally said to be such in Kentucky 
before' we left it. 

Ques. flow long ha\e you known John 
Jamison's entry and survey, which is said 
to ha\e been made at the lower point of an 
island, opposite Old Ch.illicothe on the Lit- 
tle Miami ri\er? 

Ans. 1 knew the officers met at the falls 
of the Ohio in the yeiy' 1784 or 1785 and 
appointetl Richard C. Anderson as their 
surveyor. In the year 1786 or 1787 I was 
informed that John Jamison had made his 
entry near Old Chillicnthe on the Little 
Miami river. 

Ones. How long Iia\e you known the 
island in the Little ^Miami river opposite 
Old Chillicothe? 

i\ns. I knew it to be there from in- 
formation as far back as the 7th day of 
August, 1780. 

Oucs. \\'as it generally talked of as an 
island at Old Chillicothe at that time? 

-Ans. I knew it to be an island from in- 
formatiaii gained at Old Chillicnihe at that 
time. The way that 1 was infcjrmed that 
it was an island was on the 7th ,day of 
August, 1780, on the return of the troops 
fnMii Mad river to Olil Chillicoilie: about 
tifty men were ordered out to cut down a 
lot of corn on the ojjposite side of the Little 
Miami rnid one of the men had a sore foot 
and his messmates took him across the river 
to the island, supposing he was across the 
river, and set him down ; and the lame man 
had to get them to come back and take him 
across the other part of the river, wdiich cir- 
cumstance was generally sjioken of by the 
troops on their retm'n from Old Chilli- 

Ones. How long is it since you tirst 
saw the island? 

Ans. I think it is about five years since 
1 first went to examine the island. 

CJues. Was it generally spoken of as 
an island as early as the year 1780? 

Ans. Yes, by part of the army. 

Ones. Did the army burn the town on 
the 7th day of August, 1780? 

Ans. They set fire to it Init we did not 
wait to see it all consumed. 

Ques. How long have you known 
George Gray's entry and survey No. 603? 

Ans. Fifteen or sixteen years this sum- 

Ques. W'as that survey generally 
known in the neighborhood at that time? 

Ans. It was generally known at that 
time. ' 



yues. Was John Fu\vler"s entry and 
survey generally known at that time? 
Ans. Yes. 


At the same time and place James Gallo- 
way, Sn, was sworn and saith : 

Ques. Mr. Galloway, how long have 
you known Old Chillicothe on the Little 
?\liami river, where you now are? 

Ans. I have known it since the month 
of October or November, 1782. It was at 
that time and continued to be a place of pub- 
lic notoriety in the Miami country. 

Ques. How long have you known an 
island in the Little ]\Iiami river opposite the 
said Chillicothe at the point which it is said 
T'hn Jamiison's entry was made? 

Ans. J have kno-wn it from Xwvember, 
1782; it was at that time and continued to 
be generally known as an island in the 

Ones. How 


have \ou known 

George Gray's entry? 

Ans. Eighteen or twenty years, and it 
was generally known by those I conversed 

Ones. Were there any more islands in 
view with the island above mentioned from 
the place called Old Chillicothe where we 
now are? 

Ans. Xone as visible as that one; there 
is one small one below it, not more than one 
hundred poles below it. 

Ques. Is there anything to obstruct the 
view Iietween where you now sit and the 
island first mentioned and the last one men- 
tioned more than the distance to each island 
where you sit? 

Ans. Nothing liut the distance. 

Ques. What is the difference in the 
distance from where you now sit? 

Ans. .\bout eight rods. 

Ones. Are you now sitting at the place 
called Old Chillicothe? 

Ans. I am now sitting within the 
bounds \\here the pickets were. 

Ques. Is the island which you have last 
spoken of directly opposite the Old Chilli- 
cothe ? 

Ans. It is not. 

Ques. Which of the islands is the 
larger, and please describe the difference in 
their size? 

Ans. The island first spoken of is a 
great deal the larger, more than three times 
the size of the other. 

■ Ones. Is the ground you have described 
as the lower island encompassed by the 
waters of the Little Miami when the Miami 
is at its common height? 

Ans. At the time of low water it is 
not, but at the time of high water it is, from 
alx^ut the latter part of June till the fall 
the water does not run around it in com- 
mon, and that has been the situation ever 
since I knew the island, which has been 
twenty years. The island spoken of is 
alxjut ten (;r tweK'e rods long and from two 
to three rods in breadth at its widest place. 

Ques. If you were directed by the su- 
preme court to find a point directly opposite 
the Old Chillicothe what would be the point 
ynu would fix on? 

Ans. I would fix it between west and 

Ques. If vou were directed to go to the 
liiwer point of an island directly opposite 
the Old Chillicothe would you go to the 
island first spoken of or to the island last 
spoken of? 



Ans. I would go to the upper one first 
spoken of about sixt}' rods below the mouth 
of Massies creek. 

Ques. Is there not a very large, exten- 
sive prairie between the Old Chillicothe 
where we now sit and both the islands be- 
fore mentioned ? 

Ans. Yes, and tlie distance toi the upper 
island, the first spoken of, is, 1 suppose, 
eighty rods, and the Inwer island, the last 
spoken of, I supiKJse to be one hundred and 
flirty rods. 


The deposition of James (ialloway, Jr., 
taken at the same time at the house of the 
Messrs. Reid at Chillicothe, who says : 

Some time in the winter of 1806, in a 
conversation witii Joseph Vandolah re- 
specting a survey oi one hundred acres of 
land which himself and brothers, James and 
Peter, claimed near the Old Chillicothe 
town on the Little Miami river, said de- 
ponent informed said Joseph of that date 
and manner in wiiich their said entry was 
made, and of the surveys whicli it interfered 
with, and he thinks, but is not certain, 
showetl him copies of the said entries and 
surveys. The said Vandolah appeared con- 
vinced that their claimi to the four hundred 
acres aforesaid was such that they must 
lose the land, and talked of petitioning con- 
gress for leave to withdraw their entry and 
have it located elsewhere, requesting his aid 
in endeavoring- to get their land secured to 
them and to miake inquiry and do some- 
thing for them, promising him a com- 
pensation if he could do anything to secure 
them their land, with their warrants that 
would be clear o^f dispute. On or about 
the 20th day of March, 1807, said deponent 

became acquainted with the law of the 
United States which authorized persons 
losing lands by interference with prior 
claims, although such claims might be pat- 
ented, to withdraw the part of the claim so 
lost and enter the same elsewhere. Said de- 
I)onent, upon asserting the proper method 
to proceed, did, on or alx)ut the 20th of 
Marcli, 1807, withdraw the said Vandolah 
entry of four hundred acres aforesaid, and 
entered the same elsewhere. Some time 
afterward this dejxinent, meeting with 
James Vandolah, informed him of what he 
had done with his said claim, who expressed 
himself satisfied therewith, and desired said 
deponent to give him notice when he would 
be going intO' the neighborhood of where his 
land had been entered, by said deponent, and 
he would accompany him and see it and 
have it surveyed. Said deponent did ac- 
cordingly send word to said Vandolah a 
short time before he set out on a tour to 
the woods but he ,did not attend. Some 
time after said deponent, returning from 
the woods, again met with said James 
V'andolah, who expressed some concern at 
his being disappointed. In going to see 
the land and upon inquiry finding that his 
land had not been surveyed, he wished again 
to have notice when it would be convenient 
f(jr said deponent to survey it and he woiild 
accompany him. Notice was given him the 
second time by said deponent that at such a 
time he might attend and accompany said 
deixment on another toiir, when the land 
might be surveyed, but said Vandolah did 
not attend. 


Benjamin \\'hiteman, sworn at the same 
time and place. 



Ques. At what time did you become 
acquainted witli the Old Cliillicothe on the 
Little Miami river? 

Ans. In the month of October in the 
year 1790. 

Ones. Have vou heard of the contro- 
versy existing between the complainants 
and defendant in this case and how long? 
Ans. I have heard of the controversy 
existing between the complainants and de- 
fendant live or six years and have under- 
stood that one qtiestion in that controversy 
depended on the entry of John Jameson. 
l)ut tlie point where that entry begins I have 
no knowledge only from hearsay. I have 
understood that it is on an island near Old 
Chillicothe, and my impression was that 
that island was formed by a tongue of land 
between the Little Miami and Massies 
creek, which is a little above Old Chilli- 
cothe. The reason of my impression was 
that, from viewing the situation of the Lit- 
tle Miami from a point near the place where 
James Galloway now lives and from the 
direction that the river runs and the appear- 
ance of the ground at that place, my con- 
clusions, with others generally as far as I 
have heard it sicken of, were that it was 
an island. In the year 1792, I. together 
with the detachment of militia from Ken- 
tucky, encamped on this tongue of land. 
an,d it was spoken of as an island generalh' 
among us, and I always believed it to be an 
island until after I became a resident of the 
conntv. which was in the year 1799. and 
alx)ut one vear after I settled in this county 
I had occasion to go to the falls of the 
Little Miami, and on traveling up between 
the Little Miami and Massies creek I found 
them to be separate streams, and as to the 
island below the mouth of ]\Iassies creek, 
at which I have since understood Jameson's 

entry comnxenced, I have no kn<iwledge of 
nor ever heard of such an 1 me until several 
years after 1 settled in this county. I first 
settled on Beaver creek about six miles from 
Old Chillicothe. in what is now the bounds 
of Greene county, and there was no settle- 
ment alx)ve Davis's mill on Beaver creek 
except three families on the Little ]\Iiami, in 
the limits of what is now Greene count}-, 
and the settlement where I then li\-ed on 
Beaver creek did not exceed si.x or eight 

Ques. If you had been directed to make 
an entry at the lower point of an island op- 
posite Old Chillicothe on the Little Miami 
what point would you have made? 

Ans. I would have searched for an 
island lower down than the mouth of Mas- 
sies creek if I could have fouud one, and 
my reasons for so doing would have been 
Ijecau^c I did not believe the mouth of 
Massies creek to be directly opposite the Old 

Ques. Do you believe thfe island where 
Jameson's entry is made directly opposite 
the Old Chillicothe? 
Ans. I think it is. 

Ques. BK' what rule would yon ascer- 
tain one point to be opposite another point ? 
Ans. Because it is neitlier above nor 
below, but imanediately opposite. 

Ques. Do you say that the island in 
the Little Miami river at the lower point of 
which it is said John Jameson's entrv- is 
made is directly opposite Old Chillicothe 
because it is neither lower ,down the river 
nor higher up the river than the extremities 
of Old Chillicothe? 
Ans. Yes. 

Ones. Did you in the year 1792, when 
vou. witli the detachments of militia from 
Kentucky before spoken of, encamp on the 



tongue uf land l)efore described as Ijeing 
formed !:>>■ Massies creek and the Little 
Miami ii\er, undertake to ascertain from 
actual examination whether that tongue of 
lanil was an island or not.'' 

.\ns. I did nut. 

Ones. Was it the first time you dis- 
covered that that tongue of land was not 
an island when you left homie to go tO' the 
falls (if the Little Miamii before spoken of? 

Ans. It was. 

Ones. ■ How far is it frum Okl Chilli- 
cothe to the Little Miami river? 

.\ns. i suppiise the distance to be near 
hall a mile. 

wn.Li.\.\[ Stevenson's deposition. 

William Stevenson's deposition was 
taken at the same time and place. 

Ones. When did you jjecome acquainted 
with an island in the Little ^Nliami river, op- 
])' site Old Chillic.ithe. the lower end of 
which it is said Juhn Jameson's entry is 

Ans. In the latter end of November or 
the beginning of December in the year 1801 
we cut timber on both of the islands, the 
upper and lower one, as much as one horse 
could cleverly draw. They cut one tree on 
the upper island which took two men to lift 
the butt (if it (jn a fork. James Stevenson 
looked for marked trees on the island to 
ascertain the corner, Ijut found none. This 
island is opposite to Old ChillicDthe, the 
other island mav be two hundred yards be- 
low the upper island or may be more, and is 
below a direct line drawn from Old Chilli- 
cothe fr(Jin the river. The upper island 
was larger than the lower one. 

Ones. Would a direct line, as vou call 

it, from Old Chillicothe to the river strike 
the upper island? 

Ans. I think it would, because it lies 
directly opposite. 


A, similar case as that against Major 
John Stevenson. 


^Ir. Whiteman put on the stand, in an- 
swer to the questions, says : 

Ques. Have the beds of those rivers 
since the year 1790 changed their course 
from natural or artificial causes at any time 
since; if so, when and from what cause? 

Ans. 1 do not know that they have 
changed any at those points at which I then 

Ques. How far aljo\-e the junction of 
these creeks did you cross? 

Ans. That I could not ascertain with- 
out measurement. 

Ques. Had you at different times or in 
different years been through this country by 
Old Cliillicothe, above named, and how 
often, and what w-as the general report and 
belief as to the point of land formed by the 
junction of the Little Miami and Massies 
creek, whether it was called an island, and any other island was then known 
in that neighborhood or near that place and 
what place? 

Ans. I passed through that point of 
land three times in three different years, be- 
tween the years 1790 and 1794, once under 
the comimjand of Colonel Edwards, with 
aljout four hundred volunteers, and twice 



on small scouts. As far as I heard it spoken 
of it was called an island, and it was fre- 
quently spoken of, and I believed it to be 
an island until after I came to reside in this 

Ones. At the time above alluded to did 
not you believe that Massies creek put out 
from the Miami and that the island above 
alluded to included at least three hundred 
acres ? 

Ans. I did not know of Massies creek, 
but the branch since called Massies creek I 
believed to be part of the Little Miami 
■\vhich formed that island. 


Ones. How long have you resided in 
this county and how long have you known 
and been acquainted with the situation of 
Old Chillicothe on the Little Miami river? 

Ans. I have resided in what is now 
the countv of Greene nineteen years last 
November. I have known Old Chillicothe 
nineteen years this month or next. 

Ques. If you had been directed to 
make a location of land beginning at the 
lower point of an island opposite Old Chilli- 
cothe on the Little Miamii what point of 
land would yon have selected for that be- 

Ans. Some time after that I discovered 
a small island below the mouth of Massies 
creek. I do not recollect the size of the 
island at that time, but to the best of my 
recollections it was small. It has increased 
since and I would not believe it had been 
formed more than four or five years from 
the size of the saplings that w-ere on it, 
which I think would not exceed tw'O inches 
in diameter. The last time I noticed them 
they had grown to tolerably large trees. 

some of them were at least forty feet high. 
mostly sycamores. There are now a good 
many willows, and when I first saw it I 
think there were none. I think the first time 
I saw the island it did not exceed six rods 
in length at low water mark, with a small 
streak of bushes on it. I thought it looked 
more like a sand bar than an island. So 
at that time I would have been compelled to 
take that island, knowing of no other oppo- 
site, or near Old Chillicothe, in making a 
selection. I. never heard of an island there 
until I saw that one that I have described, 
for I thought it too inconsiderable to attract 


Abner Read died at his home near Old- 
town, Greene county, Decemljer 27, 1858. 
He was born in Xorthbridge, Worcester 
county. Massachusetts, September 11, 1783. 
His father was a soldier of the Revolution 
and his mother was a daughter of Capt. 
John Brown, who served with distinction in 
the old French war. was for many years a 
member of the general court of Massachu- 
setts, and with nine sons fought in the 
Revolution. Mr. Read came to Ohio first 
in 181 5 and remained about a year in Cin- 
cinnati, where he was engaged with an elder 
l)ri)ther, Ezra, now of Champaign county, 
and another brother, Amasa, now deceased, 
and Thomas Watson in the clock business. 
He then returned to his native state and in 
1816 married Cynthia Adams, of Worcester 
county, ^Massachusetts, and two weeks 
afterward moved with his wife to this 
county, arriving here in June of that year, 
being thirty-six days on the road. He and 
his 1)rothers Ezra and Amasa first bought 
together the farm where he has ever since 



resided, which afterward Ijecanie his own 
entirely. He cumnienced liotisekeeping 
near the spot where tiie dwelhng house now 
stands. Mr. Read was in all the relations of 
life a must excellent n>an, of the strictest 
integrity, moral and upright in his life. He 
])ossessed great energy of character ami a 
resolute purpose. His industry was proverb- 
ial, his c(jnstitution was a vigorous one, and 
up til within a few days of his death he en- 
gaged in his usual avocation with the 
alacrity and vigor of a man twenty years 
younger in life. In his family he was the 
kindest of husljands and the best of fathers. 
He was devoted to his children, six of whom 
with their mother survive to mourn the loss 
of a kind husband and father. For many 
years he iiad been a member of the Metho^ 
dist Episco])al church, and Ijy his exemplary 
life illustrated the Christian virtues. His 
death was the result of injuries received on 
the 2 1 St of Octoljer, 1858, from a fall from 
a horse. His death was hastened, perhaps, 
by subsequent exposure. His remains were 
followed to the tnmb in Woodland cemetery 
in Xenia by a large procession of citizens 
and members of the Masonic fraternity, to 
which he belonged, lieing one of the charter 
members in Xenia, Ohio. 


A writer in the "Post and Country 
Man," published at Cincinnati, gives an ac- 
count (if the appearance of Yellow Springs 
in the summer of 1804. At that time the 
village was not, and the springs were the 
resort of invalids rather than pleasure seek- 
ers. Lewis Davis was the keeper of the 
boarding house at that time. The accom- 
modations were few and simple. The 
writer savs : "At that time, as near as I 

can recollect, there were some dozen pa- 
tients seeking the healing" of those waters. 
With three of them I was personally ac- 
quainted ; one was a sad dyspeptic, one had 
an incontrollable eruption of the skin, which 
all the doctors had failed to cure, and one 
was a married woman who had been pros- 
trated with a strange disability for years. 
The water was an efifectual cure for the tirst 
two and a present relief for tlie last. The 
dyspeptic lived until near ninety years old, 
acti\-e to the last. The second reared a fam- 
ily of twelve or thirteen children. And the 
last after a few years again sank down and 
was bedridden during the twenty years or 
more of her life. As to the effect of these 
waters whether by bath or drinking, on the 
other patients there at that time 1 know 
nothing, as they were strangers to me. At 
' that time a Frenchman whose name 1 ha\'e 
lost kept a little store at the springs, prin- 
cipally, I think, to trade with the surround- 
ing Indians. He also kept a pack of hounds. 
the first and last I ever saw. At daylight 
each mprning I was there he loosed his 
hounds, and such a yelling as immediately 
followed can be imagined better than de- 
scribed. The master took them 1 m the morn- 
ing hunt, wdiich usually lasted until ten 
o'clock, when he returned with them wet 
and weaiy. By this time his Indian cus- 
tomers, I was told, came to trade at his 
store. But as I then staid but a single night 
and part of two days, I do not recollect hav- 
ing seen any Indians there, but I understood 
from visitors there at that time niany hu!i- 
dreds came to trade w^ith him, exchanging 
furs and skins for his articles of ornament 
and use." The compiler of this sketch can 
furnish the name of the storekeeper, which 
was Thomas Fream. General Benjamin 
Whiteman at that time undoubtedly owned 



a large part uf what is calletl the Yelluw 
Springs, aiul frinn (-Id papers that belong to 
the county wliicii liave passed through tlie 
writer's hands can produce tlie evidence 
that such was a fact. And as General 
Whiteman had married for his wife a 
daughter of Owen Davis, who was the fa- 
ther of Lewis Davis, the founder of what is 
called Yellow Springs, the writer has proof 
tij' show that Thomas Fream had leased the 
land on which he was staying from General 
Whiteman. and in addition to his having 
the store, he was also the first postmaster 
of the aforesaid Yellow Springs. In a 
deposition taken at Old Town in the year 
1816, General \\'hiteman states that he first 
canie to Greene co^mty in the }ear 1799, and 
settled first in Beavercreek township. He 
says further that about one year after com- 
ing he had occasion to go to the falls of the 
Little Miami river and there were at that 
time ( 1800) but three settlements on the 
Little Miami river. Owen Davis, the pro- 
l,rietor of the first imiil in Greene county 
and the father-in-law of Mr. Whiteman. had 
sold his mill to Jacob Smith, and in 1805 
thev removed to ]Miami township. 

^\'e will close by giving a c<ipy of a 
petition to keep the tavern in Yellow 
Springs, the date of which is June 13. 1804: 
To the Honorable Court of Greene County, 
now sitting, and for said County: Your 
petitioners humbly showeth that a license 
may be issued to Thomas Fream, now liv- 
ing at Yellow or Medicinal Springs, to keep 
a tavern or public house, and your peti- 
tioners will ever pray, etc. Signed by J. P. 
Stewart, Lewis Davis, Jacob Smith. Joseph 
Lavton, John Paul, Robert Renick, Robert 
Layton, John Daughterty, Joseph. C. ^"ance, 
George Allen. Felix Hover, Joseph Reid, 

James Scott, Samuel G. Martin and Thomas 


Died at his residence in }ilianii township, 
July 29, 1850. He was a native of \"irginia, 
emigrated to this state in 1796 and settled 
near Waynesville. The same year the first 
log cabin for the residence of a white set- 
tler was raised in Greene county. In 1809 
he removed to this county, Miami township, 
where he continued to reside until his death. 
He was appointed majijr by Governor 
Tiftin on the first organization of the militia, 
and afterward for years he filled the oftice 
of justice of the peace for Miami township. 


Christmas morning Ijeing briglit and 
beautiful we made a pedestrian excursion 
to Old Town, three miles north of Xenia. 
It was formerly called Chillicoithe, that 
being the Indian name for town. This 
peaceful, cjuiet village is a jilace of miorc 
, historical interest than any other in this 
county. The landscape is of unrivaleil 
beauty. A lovely prairie stretches away to 
the west, the view being bounded by a range 
of wooded hills, skirting the horizon some 
seven miles distant, whose summits were 
rendered indistinct by a blue, hazy mist. 
On the north meanders the Little Miami, 
bounded by undulating highlands : paralleled 
hills on the south side rounel the east 
end of the prairie tO' Massies creek, named 
after Gen. Nathaniel Massie, a brave pio- 
neer who surveyed many of the land entries 
in this county. The hills on either side of 
this beautiful vale are adorned with com- 
modious residences, the abode of civiliza- 



til 111. iieighljui'ly kindness and welcome hos- 
pitality. Their elevated situatinns afford a 
pros])ect \arie(I. cxtensixe and deUghtfuI. 
over wliicli tlie eye may roam witli nnsated 
satisfaction. An air of quiet, dreamy re- 
pose seems to rest on the landscape, while 
evidences of good farming, thrift and in- 
dustry, and their legitimate consequences, 
the ciimforts of life, on all sides greet the 
cye>. What wnnderlul changes have taken 
place. The church in which divine pre- 
cepts of fraternal love are inculcated has 
taken the place of the council house, in 
which luinian l^eings were doomed to be 
roasted alive at the stake, in all of the pro- 
longed agony that diabolical ingenuity 
could suggest. The plowshare passes over 
the ground on which the gauntlet has been 
run and unmitigated torture inflicted. The 
school house in wliich knowletlge is im- 
[jarted to qualify the living generation to 
usefulness may occupy ground which has 
been tramped in the ferocious war dance. 
Hominy blocks have been superseded by 
one of the must elegant mills in the state, 
and the shrill whistle ci the iron ht)rse has 
taken the place of the fierce warwhoop and 
savage scalp yell. It seems strange and out 
of character that a place which nature has 
adorned as if to show a sample of her 
power should have been a theater of re- 
volting barbarity and moral agony. 

This was the chief town of that nomadic 
race, the Shawnees. This was the place of 
rendezvous for war parties from Piqua, 
Maumee. Sandusk)-. Mad River and other 
towns to carry murder and desolation to 
settlers on the "dark and bloody ground." 
Here they returned with their prisoners, 
jilunder and scalps before separating for 
their different villages. The dwellings 
were constructed with poles and roofed 

with bark. There was a stockade enclosing 
several acres of ground, including the vil- 
lage and council house. The late Abner 
Read's orchard is on part of the ground. 

Tecumseh, the renowned warrior, was 
born here, near the spring a short distance 
west of where the church now is. in 1769. 
That Tecumseh was born here we have the 
statement of "Ben" Kelley, his adopted 
lirdtlier, who was a member of IJlacklish's 
family tive years at Old Town, and who so 
informed Thomas H. Hind at a treaty at 
Chillicothe in 1807. 


In the year 1773 Captain Cullet unex- 
pectedly entered this town with a flag of 
truce. It was a .daring but successful ad- 
venture. He was on his way down the Ohioi 
on a surveying expedition. In 1778 Daniel 
Boone was brought here a prisoner and had 
a shooting inatch with the Indians, whose 
vanity he humored by letting them beat him 
slightly. He ran away on the i6th of June 
and arrived at Boonsborough, a distance of 
one hundred and sixty miles in four days, 
eating but one meal during the whole time. 
What iron men those times produced ! 

In 1778 Simon Kenton was brought here 
a prisoner. He was stripped naked, and his 
hands tied to a stake above his head, his capn 
tors intending to burn him alive, but after 
torturing himj till past midnight they con- 
cluded tO' defer the pleasure of burning him 
until another time. Next day they made 
him run the gauntlet between ranks of In- 
dians extending nearly a quarter of a mile, 
commencing at the foot of the hill near 
where now stands the brick mill as you pass 
under the railroad going into Old Town, 



and ending- at the d nnicil honse, near where 
the clunxh now stands. 

Tlie place is memorable as being the first 
point invaded front the Kentucky side of 
the ri\er in July. 1779. Colonel Bowman 
arri\ed liere with i.iue hundred and sixty 
men in the night under cover, but the attack 
next miorning was so badly managed that 
a retreat was ordered. The Indians becom- 
ing the aggressors, overtook and sur- 
rounded them near Glady, on what used to 
be called Churchill Jones" entry, and partly 
owned by Mrs. Lydia Stanfield. Their 
situation was critical, as Indian reinforce- 
ments were expected. The advice, general- 
ship and courage of Colonel Logan saved 
them. Mounting some of the bravest men 
on the baggage horses he made a success- 
ful charge and opened a way for the retreat. 
Bowmait lost nine men and a few wounded. 
In all the account? of this expedition it is 
stated that was killed here, but 
that was not true. 

That noted chief was killed in Ken- 
tucky. He had Ijroken into a cabin, and 
while engaged in a struggle on the floor 
with the owner, his daughter seized a 
butcher knife and stabbed him to the heart. 
(For particulars see sketch of James Collier 
in this book. ) 


In 1780 Roger Clarke, at the head of 
one thousand men. miade this place a point 
of invasion. The Indians fled precipitately, 
lea\-ing their camp, kettles with beans and 
hominy cooking over the fires, to' the grati- 
fication of the hungry soldiers. Xext day 
some of them were seen sitting on their 
])onies on the hills north of the Miami 

gazing at the irresistible invaders, but they 
took care not to come within gunshot. 
Clarke liurned the town and destroyed the 


What adds interest to this account of 
the invasion of Clarke's army in 1780 is that 
the story has been confirmed recently by the 
discovery of depositions taken at Old Town 
in the year 1818, which adds local interest 
to that successful campaign of General 

David Laughead, who was the father of 
David M. Laughead, who was the father of 
David and Joseph K. Laughead. whom 
many of the old citizens of Xenia remem- 
ber, was with General Clarke in this cam- 
paign. David Laughead was born in 1757, 
emigrated from Penns}-l\-ania to Kentucky 
some time previous to 1780 and was at the 
time he was with Clarke's army twenty- 
three years old. In answer to the question, 
"How long have you been acquainted with 
Old Chillicothe. or Old Town ?" answered : 
"On an expedition from Kentucky I was at- 
tached to a troop of horse under the com- 
mand of General Clarke, and we crossed the 
Ohio river at the mouth of the Licking 
river on the morning of August 2, 1780, and 
arrived here at Old Chillicothe on the after- 
noon of August 5." Lie tells us that pre- 
vious to leaving Kentucky on this expedi- 
tion they had heard of Old Chillicothe on 
the Little Miami river, of its notorieiv as 
a strong Indian town: had heard it spoken 
of by his neighbors at his old home in Ken- 
tucky. He also says that on their approac'i 
the Indians l1ed. and that night Clarke's 
army camped on that portion of land that 
is between what is now called Massies 




creek and tlie Little Alianii. A fact is 
l,ri/iigiit to light in these depositions that 
]3erha])s never has been known. Many of 
Clarke's men after their rctiu-n to Kentncky 
often spoke of their old camping groimd of 
that night as a beautiful island comprising 
al)out three hundred acres of land. Mr. 
Lau.ghead says what impressed it upon his 
miind was the fact that on their return from 
Old Piijua. where thc}- had been successful 
in destroying alsu that town, they camped 
ua the north side of the Little Miami near 
•Old Town, and they had left standing a por- 
tion of corn fur their use on returning. A 
detail of rifty men was made to cross o\er 
and finish the work, and one of the men thus 
detailed had a sore foot and his messmates 
took liim over and set him down. After a 
while he called to them to come and lake 
him over the other branch of the river, 
which circumstance .Mr. Laughead remem- 
l;ered. General Whiteman also stated that 
he was of the same opinion until he had be- 
come a resident of Greene county, which 
was in the vear 1799. when he first settled 
in Beavercreek township. In the year 1800 
he says he had occasion to go to the falls of 
the Little Miami, and coming up the valley 
when near Old Town he saw that the stream 
of water no-w called Massies creek was not 
.a branch of the Little Miami but a separate 
stream of water. 


hi September. ijSj. General Clarke 
•again invaded Old Town. He marched wit'; 
celerity from the mouth of the Licking- ri\-er 
at the head of one thousand men. but the 
Indians </btained information of his ap- 
proach and fled, leaving the town to- its fate. 

Again it was reduced to ashes and the crops 

James Galloway, Sr., father of the late 
Major Galloway, was in that expedition, it 
is a singular fact that James Galloway. Sr., 
who was born May i, 1750, and was at the 
time of this invasion thirty-two years of age, 
should fifteen years later (1797) come to 
this, the Miami country, and settle, just 
across the Little Miami river from Old 
Chillicothe or Old Town. Xo doubt but the 
remembrance of that part of the Xcjrthwest 
Territory ever after the aforesaid event 
haunted him and he disposed of his proj)- 
erty in Kentucky and removed to the land 
that for fifteen years had been in his day 
dreams. And Greene comity was the gainer 
by his coming. He was the efficient treas- 
urer of the county from the organization of 
the county in 1803 until the middle of June, 
1819. He was the custodian of the new 
county's funds, the miainstay and pillar of 
the church of his choice, a good man, hating 
that which was wrong, encouraging all that 
which was good. He was one of the pio- 
neers of the county that was called to meet 
at Old Town to tell what he knew of the 
early history of the aforesaid place. Li an- 
swer to the question by the attorney, "Mr. 
Galloway, how long have you known Old 
Chillicothe on the Little Miami river, where 
you are now?" his. answer was, '"I have 
known it since the month of October or No- 
vember, 1782. It was at that time and has 
continued to be a place of public notoriety 
in the ]Miami country." Question: "Are 
vou now sitting at the place called Old 
Chillicothe?" Answer: "I am now sitting 
within the bounds of where the pickets 
were." Question: "Is there not a very 
large and extensive prairie between the Old 
Chillicothe where we now sit and the river?" 

I So 


Answer: "Yes." Tliat short answer of 
Mr. Galloway's settles beyond cavil the 
statement that the beautiful valley on the 
south side of Glassies creek as it is to-day so 
it was in 1782. a prairie, the Indian's corn- 


■ I7S6. 

In tile summer of 1786 Col. Benjamin 
Logan crossed the Ohio river at Limestone, 
now Maysville, with four hundred men or 
more. Along with this expedition were 
Daniel Boone, Simon Kenton, Colonel Trot- 
ter, officers in this expedition. The result 
of this expedition was the Imrning of eight 
of their towns, also the destruction of much 
corn. Twenty warriors were aisoi killed, in- 
cluding a prcaninent chief of the nation, and 
alxait seventy-five prisoners were taken. 


While ihey were encamped on a creek 
near the site of Jacob Brown's sawmill, 
Greene county, a negro servant of one of the 
officers deserted and warned the Indians of 
approaching danger. The negro's name was 
"Caesar," from wihic'h the creek was naniied. 
The trail on which they marched went be- 
tween the house where Henry Conklin now 
lives and his bam. 


When they arri\ed at Old Town they 
fmmd l)ut one Indian, an old chief named 
Mulutha. He had dressed himself in the 
gayest Indian costume, wearing a cocked 
hat and carrying a tobacco pouch in one 
hand and a calumet in the cither. He boldlv 

appr< ached the men and proposed to smoke 
the pipe <: f peace w ith them. Some of them 
received him in a friendly manner and shook 
hands with him, but on approaching ]\Ic- 
Garey, whose rashness and folly caused the 
defeat at the "Blue Licks,'' the latter drew 
his tomahawk and clo\ed the skull of the 
Old man, swearing that he would kill every 
Indian he fotmd and would tomahawk any 
w hite man who shoiuld presume to censure 
him for doing so. 


In 1790, General Harmar. at the head 
of fourteen hundred and fifty-three men, at^ 
rived at this place early in October. While 
he was sitting on his horse on a knoll re- 
viewing his troops a stamjiede occurred 
among pack horses and bullocks, which 
caused a great uproar and confusion and an 
imimense deal of hard swearing. 

Harmar advanced on the French trading 
jxjst, now" Fort Wayne, sending on detach- 
ments to fight battles, and after losing one 
hundred and thirt\- men, returned, having 
effected nothing. 

On arriving" at Old Town on the return 
an order was issued that the men should 
cease firing off their guns. One of the Ken- 
tucky militia disobeyed the order. He was 
stripped antl tied to a wheel of a cannon 
carriage and ordered to l)e flogged. Tlie 
late General Benjamin Whiteman, who was 
present, says that the Kentuckians formed 
a senti-circle roitnd the cannon, leveled their 
guns and put a stop to the punishment. 
Harmar ordered the regulars to face them 
with fixed bayonets, and the dnminier to 
proceed, and to finish the flogging. Tliis 
was the last expedition to invade this noted 




\\'e will conclude our sketches with 
some scenes froan pioneer life. A change 
has come over the spirit of the scene. The 
council fires of the red men liave gone out. 
Their rude cabins have been reduced to 
ashes, the pale face has triumphed and is in 
possession of the CDuntry. Scattered alx)ut 
are round lug" cabins with mud and stick 
chimneys. The adjoining cornfields abound 
in deadened trees. These primitive tene- 
ments were inhabited by pioneers, brave, en- 
terprising and thrifty. 


Wlieii young men were together the\- 
amused thaiiselves by ainning foot races, 
wrestling, over and under jumping witii or 
without' a pole and various other feats of 
strength and agility. Their habits invig- 
orated their systems, expanded their lungs, 
increased their muscular power and fitted 
them for bodily endurance. BcKlily strength 
and activity were highly appreciated. The 
man who coukl figlit severely, endure^ a 
great deal of punishment and come off vic- 
torious was a man of note and had much 
influence among his admn-ers. 


Every able-bodied nian between the ages 
of eighteen and forty-fi\e years was a 
soldier. There was a strictly enforced 
militia system, with company and battalion, 
and regimental musters, with conrt martials. 
courts of inquiry and courts of appeal. All 
the men bearing anus in those days in the 
count v formed one regiment. 

A. D. 1806. 

Xow we have a regimental muster at 
Old Town. A hardy, rough-l(X'>king set 
of men they are, comlnon dress, blue linsey 
hunting shirt, secured with a leather belt 
and buckle, buckskin pants antl tow linen 
shirt and wool hats. These mien have been 
marching and counter marching, wheeling 
by platoons, sections and coniii>anies, hand- 
ling, shouldering' and presenting their fire- 
locks and fixing and charging bayonets in 
a pickwickian sense. Xow the muster is 
o'er and the men are dismissecL They are 
employing themselves in various ways; 
soune of them are shooting at a mark, others 
are engaged in a wrestling match for a pint 
of wfliiskey. 

Observe that fine looking man. six feet 
two inches high. He is as well formed as 
Apollo, conibining strength and acti\ity in 
great perfection. He is fair skinned, blue 
eved. with light auburn hair and sanguine 
temperament. That is the noted fistic cham- 
pion. Ben Kizer. He is one of a family of 
twelve children, all boys. His brothers are 
stout, resolute men, but he is the stoutest of 
all. Xotice his firm step, confident look 
and manly bearing. He is as full of fight 
as a game cock. He engages in a fight just 
as eagerly as a hungry man eats his dinner. 
E\-er\- man he whips adds one more sprig 
to his pugilistic laurels. He estimates suc- 
cess as highly as a prize formerly won in 
Olvmpic games. He has had so many fights 
and come off \-ictorious that it is a hard 
miatter to find a customer. He has been 
known to pretend at a mere nothing, and 
knock down a man whoi would not fight, 
merely to keep his hand in practice. He was 



like ^Itkc Fink, a boatman, who lamented 
while floating do'wn the Ohio that he had 
not had a tight in a munth, and it seemed 
like an eternity to him, and that if he did 
not ha\e one scx;n he would have to be 
"kivered" np in salt to keep him from 

Kizer has heard of one Aaron Beall, a 
powerful man, a foemnn worthy of his fists, 
and has made up jiis mind to whip him at 
the first chance; and that is his principal 
business at Old Town to-day. Beall is of a 
hardy race, a long Ixxlied man, six feet 
high, straight as an Indian, round shoul- 
dered, with large limbs and muscles like 
w hi]) cord, weight two hundred and fifteen 
or two hundred and twenty pounds. His 
muscles are so indurated and his flesh so 
firm that ccanparatively he is insensible to 
pain. He has florid comple.xion, sanguine 
tanperament, built for ponderous strength 
more than activitt, with finnness and un- 
flinching coml)ati\-eness. When about to 
engage in a fig'ht he is calm and deliberate, 
with a smile on his countenance. Init notice 
those pale lips and gleaming eyes. That 
smile is more ominoiis than blustering 
wrath. The two champions are standing 
some ten yards apart. Kizer begins with 
a banter that he could outrun Beall. Tbe 
latter did not itm himiself. but he had a 
brother that could run. In those days it was 
a common boast for one to say tliat he had 
the fastest horse, the best rifle, the ugliest 
dog and the prettiest sister. The bantering 
in the [iresent case was ended by Kizer 
asserting that he could whip Beall. Tliere- 
ujxin they ran at each other and came in 
collision. In the shock Beall went down 
beneath the gallant "Ben." Xnw there is 
tremendous excitement, a wild uproar 
amor'ig the n'en and a tv.niultuous rush is 

made for the combatants, a ring is formed 
around them, the spirit of combativeness is 
poAverfully excited ; htmting shirts are 
throwni ufi\ and the shirt sleeves of many 
brawny arms hastily rolled up. Kizer ap- 
pears to* have the most friends. The)- cheer 
him boisterously : "HuiTah, Ben, that's 
rigbt, give it to him, whip him till his hide 
wor.'t hold shucks! Gouge him!" Col. 
James Collier was sitting on his horse out- 
side of the circle. Sherifit Maxwell rushed 
into the ring tO' part them, when he received 
a blow on the head from the butt of a loaded 
whip which made the blood spurt. He ran 
stooping across the arena, butted the ring 
and fed under Mr. Collier's horse, his heatl 
bleetling profusely. It was never known to 
a certainty who struck that blow, but there 
were good reasons for supposing that Amos 
Durnugh, who built the first jail in Xenia, 
was the man. In the meantime sullen 
sounds, thump, thump, thimip, could be dis- 
tinctly heard alx;ve the din and confusion. 
Tbese were made by Beall's fists playing 
like a trip-hammer against Kizer's sides. 
At length some of his frier.ds stopped to ex- 
amine more closely. Sure enough Kizer 
was not fighting any ; they tore him away ; 
he was exhausted and speechless. He was 
laid upon one o-f the temporary tables that 
haid been used for selling refreshments, and 
eflforts made to re.susitate him. which were 
.■successful after a quantity of blood had 
been discharged from his mouth and throat. 
In the meantime the combativeness of Beall 
had been excited to the highest pitch, his 
bl(3od thoroughly heated, his great jx>wer of 
wrath awful. He demanded in a loud voice: 
"Hns this man no friends oil the ground?" 
He was responded l<.> liy one of the Kizer 
family, who commenced a coj^nflict with him 
with resolution and vigor, but was soon 



l)r(istratecl l)y tlie iiuinciljle Beaver creek 
champion. Kizer was nearly killed; liad 
to be taken home in a wagon, and kept his 
bed a long time, siv it was reported. This 
was the most noted fight of the kind that 
ever came off in this county, and was talked 
of for years afterward. It ended tiie fight- 
ing career ni both men. Kizer after this 
fig'ht quit the practice. And no one would 
light r.eall. 

The account of this fight was obtained 
by Thomas C. Wright from Col. Jaimes Col- 
lier and Judge Jacol) Haines, who were pres- 
ent. Mr. Wright does not give the date of 
the abo\-e mentioned hght. for the reason, 
l)erhaps, that it was so long after it occurred 
that the parties who- tnid him could not re- 
niember the exact time. Recently, hoav- 
ever, among the old records O'f the county 
has been found the indictment, found Ijy the 
grand jur\-, and which makes that notorious 
fight worse than it has been pictured out. 

The deix>sitions of Gen. Benjamin 
Whitanan, William Taylor and William 
iMorgan, who were eye witnesses, are as fol- 
lows : 

"May 27, A. D. 1806, personally came 
before me William Taylor, Benjtunin 
\\"hiteman and William ^lorgan and made 
the following cath, to wit: Taylor testifies 
that he saw Aaron Beall and Benjamin 
Kizer violently assault and beat each other 
by fighting. Whiteman testified that he saw 
the said Aaroo Beall vio.lently assault and 
beat \\'illiam Kizer. William ^lorgan testi- 
fied that he saw the said Aaron Beall after 
he had assaulted and beaten \\'illiam Kizer 
rush through the crowd and pull the ab(.n'e 
named Benjamin Kizer off a table or bench 
and violently assault and beat hhn again. 
Sworn to befc:re me. John Smith, J. P." 

And not onlv has the above been fonnd. 

but al.soi in the original papers of the grand 
jury which met iour mionths later, Septem- 
ber, A. D. 1806, appear four indictments 
against Aaron Beall for fighting on that 


Three miles north of Xenia, the county 
seat of Greene county, Ohio, was the old In- 
dian town of Chillicothe on the Little Mi- 
ami. Of its history much lias been written 
and much has been lost of its early history. 
It was one oi the most noted towns, his- 
torically si>eaking, in the state; made soi by 
the many scenes of suft'ering by torture of 
the white race at the hands of savages; the 
birthplace of the noted chief of the Shawnee 
tribe of Indians, Tecumseh; the temporary 
l/rison of those grand old pioneers from 
Kentucky, Daniel Boone and Simon Ken- 
ton and many others less known in history, 
who were captured and carried there as pris- 
oners. We read of their suft'erings at the 
hands of their captors, of their courage and 
escapes and their heroism in behalf of this 
beautiful land that we call ours, and we 
ofttimes forget what it cost to reclaim it 
from a wilderness and the labo'r it took to 
make it blo«n and blossom as a rose, as we 
see it toi-day. 

It is said to^ have had a populatioai of 
eleven hundred Indians. About three hun- 
dred of these were fighting men. The vil- 
lage was about a quarter of a mile long, the 
huts being set out irregularly. The location 
of most of the huts was on the little emi- 
nence now! co'vered b}' the school house, 
frame house, barn and orchard on the left 
side of the road as we now gO' from Xenia 
to Old Town'. The comhioaiest Indians had 
their huts along the creek Ijank. The coun- 



cil liouse was near where the school house 
now (1900) stands. It was a long, narrow 
building, roughly made and hardly water 
proof. When Girty and the renegade 
Scotcliman, Dixon, came to live with Chief 
Blackfish. they helped tu ci instruct a better 
ccnmcil house. Remains of the council 
house, such as rotten timbers, stood until 


Amoaig all the Indians, with but few 
exceptions, there were no Indians th;'.t 
caused as much trouble to the whites as those 
of the Shawnees. The main village of the 
Sha'wnees was at Cliillicothe on the Scioto ; 
their second village was our well kncnvn Old 
Cliillicothe. War parties were constantly 
passing froiu one village to the other, and 
though the distance was near one hundred 
miles, the Indians were all such good walk- 
ers and runners that they traveled the trail 
with incredible rapidity. 


The Shawnees were assisted by tlie ]^Ii- 
amis. the Wyandots and the Delawares. 
Thus any army attacking would ha\e large 
numibers to contend with. When General 
Harmar with his army invaded Ohio. Chiet 
Blackfish. with his three hundred, was aided 
by the INIiamis and by the combined forces 
Hannar was defeated. Blackfish's band 
was present and ti-nk part in St. Clair's de- 
feat. These two victories gave the Indians 
great courage and they became very in- 
solent. The renegade, Simon Girty, and 
the Scotch devil, Dixon, diil all in their 
power to excite ihe hostility of the Old 
Cliillicothe Indians. When Old Chillicothe 

on the Scioto was destroyed and the corn 
burnt, w'hat few of the natives that were 
left made their way to Old Chillicothe ou 
the Little ]\Iiajni river, which became a 
regular rendezvous for villains,, both white 
and reil. In order to save the frontier from 
utter destruction. General Clarke was dis- 
patched from Fort \\"ashingtoni with a large 
body of men. He reached our Old Chilli- 
cothe at daybreak, posted his one cannon on 
the hill northwest of Old Town, and while 
the cannon knocked over the huts his men 
charged the natives. Old Chillicothe was 
entirely destroyed, the lodges burned, the 
C( rn cut down and most o^f the Indians 
killed. Seme say that Blackfish, the chief, 
fell in this fight, but this is a mistake. 


James Collier, one of the early pioneers 
of Xenia and of Greene county, gives the 
following stoiy of Blackfish : 

In all histories of the predatory excur- 
sions of the Shawnees to Kentucky stands 
somewhat prominent the name and exploits 
of Blackfish, a noted chief of that tribe. 
The position that this chief held among the 
once powerful Shawnees has caused the 
cpiestion of the time and place of his death 
to' be discussed tO' some extent by western 

The fact tliat Old Town was the resi- 
dence of Blackfish gives this question a local 
interest. Several writers have asserted that 
he was killed in 1779 while resisting the at- 
tack of Colonel Bowman and a coinpany of 
Kentuckians upon Old Town, the first in- 
cursion of the settlers south of the Ohio 
upon the Shawnee towns in this region to 
punish the Indians for their murders and 
robberies in Kentuckv. Blackfish was not 



killed then. Some years since the late Col. 
James C(;llier gave us the following par- 
ticulars relative to the death of Blackhsh : 

Tlie evidence uiion which Mr. Collier 
founded his statement he conceived to be 
such as to! place the truth of it lieyond dis- 
\mXti. in June. 1788, a party of Shawnee 
Indians under the command of Blacktish 
nvrde a marauding expedition to' Kentucky, 
and at the headwaters of Paint Lick creek, 
then in Madison county, they made an at- 
t;uck upoui the house of a man named Joseph 
Stinson. It was Sabbath morning and Stin- 
son"s 1)(>_\-. will* li\'ed ivou\ home, had re- 
turned about sunrise. W'lhen near the house 
he gave a shont to^ arouse the family that 
they might let him in, and as his sister 
opened the door for that purixjse the Indians 
rushed in after the boy and shot at Stinson 
and his wife, who were in bed, mortally 
wounding the latter and severely wounding 
the former in the thigh. Stinsoai jumped 
from the bed, grappled the leader of the 
party anil threw him, but his wound had so 
wieakened him) that the Indian turned on 
him. At this instant the boy grasped his 
father's gun, which frightened the party, 
some se\en or eig'ht in number, and they 
fled for the door, assisted in their exit by 
Polly, Stinson's daughter, who violently 
pushed the last ones upon those ahead and 
sent them pell mell out of the caliin and 
barred the entrance. 

Polly then turned and with a butcher 
knife stal>bed the Indian who was killing 
her father. At the first blow the Indian 
raised 'his arm and knocked her across the 
roomi, but she gathered again and gave him 
a stal.) that proved fatal. This Indian was 
Blackhsh himself. In the fright of the 
n:hment, Jane, another daughter ol Stin- 
son, about fourteen years of age, jumped 

throug*h the window and was caijtured by 
those on the outside. She remained a pris- 
oner among the Indians until 1797, when 
her liberation was affected at Detroit, and 
she returned to her friends in Kentucky. 

The testimony on which Mr. Collier 
made this statement was this: In 1796 he 
was in Kentucky in the region where this 
outrage took place, and previous to- his visit 
Charles, a son of Capt. Israel Hart, had re- 
turned from his captivity among the In- 
dians. He, together with a negro boy, bad 
been captured in 1787, and Charles said he 
wias adopted by Blackfisli as his son, who 
told him that his white father. Captain Hart, 
was killed. Charles told ]\Ir. Collier that he 
acc( ini)anied Blackfish in 1788 and was in 
the camp when Jane Stinson was brought 
in. jane immediately recognized him but 
he said he denied knoiwing her, and was vio- 
lently grieved at the death of his adopted 
father. Jane told bim that his own father 
was living, a fact he did not fully believe 
until alxxit the time of his return to Ken- 
tucky in. 1796. 

Mr. Collier the same year, but pre\io'US 
to his visit to Kentucky, while down on the 
iVuglaize searc^hing for horses, saw the 
negro laoy who had been captured at the 
same time as Charles Plart. ^Ir. Collier 
says he had a long talk with him, and he 
stated substantially in regard to Blackfish's 
death as was stated, by Charles Hart after- 

The next year, 1797, while Air. Collier 
was (.11 the Little Miami in this county Jim 
Blue Jacket called upon him, and in the 
course of the conversation which took place 
between them! Jim told him that he was in 
the expedition to Kentucky in 1788, and 
\vas one oif those whi>m, Polly Stinson so 
viclenth' thrust cmt of the door, and he 



reaffirmed wliat Charles Hart and the negro 
buy had stated, that it was Blackfish who 
had led the party and who was killed by 
Polly Stinson. This fact was not known in 
Kentucky until the return of Charles Hart, 
a period of some eig-'ht years, and was always 
suppressed by the Indians, for the reason, 
as ]^Ir. Collier supposed, that it was a deep 
disgrace among the Indians to be killed by 
a woman. There is another fact which we 
will notice. It has been asserted that Black- 
fish was the father of Tecumseh. ^Ir. Col- 
lier says that in 1812 he met in the army 
Stephen Riddle, a very intelligent man, who 
was taken prisoaier by the Indians at the de- 
struction of his father's (Riddle's) station 
in Kentucky. He told him that he was 
almost the constant companion of Tecum- 
seh while a prisoner and was then informed 
that Tecumseh's father was killed at the 
battle of Point Pleasant, at which time Te- 
cumseh was about two years did. Air. Col- 
lier said that Mr. Riddle would have been 
apt to have obtained correct infonnatiou 
upi'u the subject. 

tecumseh's birthpl.vce. 

Tecumseh, the great Shawnee and Ali- 
anii chief, v^as born, according to Benjamin 
Kelley. Tecurnseh's adopted brother, who 
was five years in Blackfish's family, near 
Xenia on Mr. Sexton's lot near a spring. 
]\Ir. Thomas Hind, who makes the state- 
ment that Tecumseh was born on the Sex- 
ton farm, states as proof that in the year 
182 1 he met the Rev. Ben Kelley, then a 
Baptist minister, and who was taken pris- 
c:ner the same time as Boone, and had it 
from his own lips that Kelley was five years 
in Blackfish's family. It is said of Tecum- 
seh that at the battle of Tippecanoe he had 

all the surviving Shawnees in the front 
ranks for he considered them the bra\est of 
all his men. 


Of the renegade white nien who lived at 
Old Town it is known that Simon Girty anil 
Dixon died miserable deaths. They cer- 
tainly deserved them. Kenton and Boone, 
both C'f whoan had been captains at Old 
Chilliccthe, li\-ed to be \-ery old men, hon- 
ored by all. They are reckoned among the 
patriots of the countn,-. Simon Kenton's 
name appears on many of the records of 
Greene county, Ohio. When the county 
was first organized. r^Iay 10, 1803, he was 
then a resident of what was then called ^^lad 
River township, Greene county, now a part 
of Logan county, wliere he died at the ripe 
old age of eig"hty-one years. His remains 
were afterward taken up and removed to, 
Oakdale cemetery, Urbana, Ohio. Simon 
Kenton, had alsoi two brothers, who- were 
with him on the headwaters of Mad river, 
\\'illiam and Thomas Kenton. We have 
nt'W in Xenia a descendant of the old hero. 
Simon Kentin, descended from his brother, 
Thoanas Kenton — Air. John A. Xorth. Mr. 
Xcrth's grandfather, now deceased, wa.s 
l>ersonariy acquainted \\ith his honored old 
uncle, Simon Kenton, and learned the re- 
lationship from his own lips. 

The old Indian trail between the two 
Chillicc'thes was trod by thousands crt na- 
tives. It is said to have passed west of the 
Old Chilliccthe and traversed the plain to 
Alpha. Here it crossed the hills bordering 
the river and stretched away in almost a 
bee line for the Chillicothe on the Scioto. 
War parties coaning up the trail would give 
a w'hoop when about a mile from the village 



tu let their squaws know of their coming 
and their success. 


Tlie fulknving is taken from the Amer- 
ican Museum, or Repository, published in 
Philadelphia, October. 1797, and that part 
of his adventure whicli applies to Greene 
comity. Ohio, was written l>y Boone: 

"January i, 1778, I went with thirty men 
to the 'blue lick" on the Licking river to 
n:ake salt for the different garrisons. Feb- 
ruary 7, hunting by myself to procure meat 
for tlie company, I met a party of one hun- 
dred and two Indians and two Frenchmen 
marching against , Bconsborough. They 
pursueil and took me, and that day I capitu- 
lated for my men, knowing they could not 
escape, 'iliey were twenty-se\en in num- 
ber, three having gone with salt. The In- 
dians according to the capitulation used us 
generous!}-. They carried us to the Old 
Chilliccthe on the Little ]\liami river. On 
the iSth of February we arri\ed there, after 
an uncomfortable journey in very severe 
weather. On the lOth of March I and ten 
of my men were conducted to Detroit. On 
the 30th we arrived there, and were treated 
by Go\-ern('r Hamilton, the British con\- 
mander of the post, with great humanity. 
The Lulians had such a fondness for me 
that they refused one hundred pounds ster- 
ling offered them by the governor if they 
would leave me with the others, on purpose 
that he might send me home on my parole. 
Several English gentlemen there, sensible of 
m.y ad\-erse life and fortune, and touched 
with sympathy, generously offered to supply 
my wants, which I declined with many 
thanks, adding that I never expected it 
wcnild he in my p^wer to recompense such 

unmerited generosity. Tlie Lidians left my 
men in captivity with the British at Detroit. 
On the loth of April they brought me 
toward Old Chillicothe, where we arrived on 
the 2-,th day of the same month. This was 
a long and fatiguing march tliroug"h an ex- 
ceeding fertile country, remarkable for fine 
springs and streams of water. At Old 
Chilliccthe 1 spent my time as comfortably 
as 1 could expect: was adopted, according 
to their custom, intO' a family, where I be- 
came a son, and had a goixl share in the 
affection of my new parents, brothers, sis- 
ters and frieu'ds. I was exceedingly famil- 
iar and friendly with them, always appear- 
ing as cheerful and satisfied as possible, and 
they put great confidence in me. I often 
we'.it limiting with them, and frequently 
gained their applause for my activity at oiu" 
shooting matches. I was careful not tO' ex- 
ceed many of them in sliooting, for no peo- 
ple are more envious than they in this sport. 
1 could o-bsl-rve in their countenances and 
gestures the greatest expression of joy when 
they exceeded me, and when the reverse hap- 
pened, of en\'\'. The Shawnee king took 
great notice of me and treated me with pro- 
found respect and entire friendship, often 
trusting me to hunt at my liberty. I fre- 
quently returned with the spoils of the 
woods, and as oiten presented soane of what 
I had taken to him, expressi\-e of duty to my 
scT\-ereign. My food and lodging was in 
commion with them; not so good, indeed, as 
I could desire, but necessity made everything 

"T now began to meditate an escape, but 
carefully avoided suspicion. Until the 3d 
da\" of June I continued at Old Chillicothe 
and was tl;en taken to the salt springs on 
the Scioto and kept there for ten days mak- 
iiiS' salt. During this time I had hunted 



wiili tiieni and found for a great extent 
alxne this river to exceed tlie soil of Ken- 
tucky and remarkably well watered. On 
my retin-n to Old Chillicothe four hundred 
and tifty of the choicest Indian warriors 
were ready to march against Boonsborough, 
l>ainted and armed in a fearful manner. 
This alarmed me and I determined to 
escape. On the i6th of June, before sun- 
rise, 1 went off secretly, and reached 
Boonsborough oil the 20th day, a journe\- 
of one hundred and sixty miles, during 
which 1 only had one meal. I found our 
fortress in a bad state, but we immediately 
repaired our flanks, gates and posterns and 
formed a double bastoon, which we com- 
pletetl in ten days. One of my fellow pris- 
oners, escaping after me, brought advice 
that on account oif my flight the Indians had 
put off their expedition for three weeks. 

"In July, 1779. during my absence, 
Colonel Bowman, with one hundred and 
sixt\- men, went against the Shawnees of 
Old Chillicothe. He arrived undiscovered, 
a l);ittle ensued, which lasted until, ten in the 
morning, when Colonel Bowman retreated 
thirty miles. The Indians collected all their 
strength and pursued him, when another en- 
gagement ensued for two hours, not to 
Colonel Bowman's advantage. Colonel 
Harrod proposed to mount a number of 
horses and Ijreak the enemy's line, w'hich at 
this time fought with remarkable fury. 
This desperate measure had a happy eft'ect 
and the savages fled on all sides. In these 
twif b.'itllcs we had nine men killed and one 
wouniled ; enemy's loss uncertain, only two 
scalps taken. The hostile disposition of the 
savages caused General Clarke, the com- 
mandant at the falls of the Ohio, to march 
with his regiment, and the armed force of 
the coimtry, against Piqua, the principal 

town of the ShaAvnees, on a branch of the 
Great Miami, which he iinished with great 
success, took seventeen scalps and binnied 
the town to ashes, with the loss of seven- 
teen men." 


In C(jnnection with what Cijlnuel Boone 
says in regard to this expedition it is of 
local interest to add the recollection of Da- 
vid Laughead, who at that time, 1780, was 
a soldier in the ranks under General Clarke, 
and was one of the band of Kentuckians 
who participated in that campaign. This 
David Laughead was the father oi David 
j\I. Laughead, who was the father of David 
and Joseph Laughead, wiioni many yet li\- 
ing in Xenia remember. He died January 
29, 1824, at the age of sixty-seven years, 
and is buried in the old ]\Iassies Creek 
churchyard (Stevenson's). He says in an- 
swer to the question, "When did you tirsl 
see Old Chillicothe on the Little Miami 
river?" "I was attached to a troop of 
horses on an expedition from Kentucky un- 
der General Clarke. W'e crossed the Ohio 
river at the mouth of the Licking river Au- 
gust 2, 1780, and arrived at Old Chillicothe 
on the 5rh day of August, 1780. Previous 
to lea\-ing Kentucky the}- had heard of Old 
Chillicothe on the Little ]\lianii river, of its 
notoriety as a strong Indian tinvn. He had 
often heard it spoken of liy his neighbors 
and by his comrades in arms in Kentucky. 
And w'hat impressed it more lastingly upi.Mi 
his miixl was an incident that occurred on 
this expedition. The night after their ar- 
rival at Old Chillicothe. the Indians ha\-ing 
fled, they camped on that portion of land 
between the Little ^liami and what is now 
known as Massies creek. Aiul after their 



return fn ni Old ricjua, where thev had 
been successful in tlcstrtying their town and 
defeating the Indians, they camped on tlie 
nurth bank of the Little Miami on the 7th 
day of August, 1780. About fift_\- men were 
detailed to cross the ri\-er and cut down a 
lot of corn that they had left standing 
fcr their dwn use on returning. One 
of the men of this detail had a sore 
font and his comrades took him) across 
the ri\-er and' set him down, and shurtly 
afterward the lame man had t(j get them 
to come back and take him across the 
t/ther part of the river, which circunistance 
was alsoi remembered, and after their return 
to' Kentucky they were wont to speak of 
their old camping groimd near the Old 
Chillicothe as an island of about three hun- 
dred acres. General W'hiteman also, -who 
had been up in this section oif the ccmntry as 
early as 1790, likewise says that he though.t 
it was an island and did not find oiit his mis- 
take until after he had Ijecome a resident of 
this county, when, he says, about the year 
1800. he was passing up between the two 
streams. Massies creek and the Little }vli- 
ami, and disco-vered that what is now called 
Rlassies creek was not a part oif the Little 
Miami but a separate stream. These facts 
of history, which are oi local interest in the 
life of our subject, David Laughead, were 
gathered from the old rec(;rds of Greene 
coimty, depositions being taken of the olv.l 
pi(.ueers in a case of ejectment where the 
parties in the case were Peter and Jesse 
Vandolah vs. ]\IajoT John Stevenson. David 
Laughead and others. The point in dispute 
was the location oi the beginning Oif John 
Jamison's survey. It is a fact in the history 
cA C'ur county that the first town in Greene 
county of which we have any knowledge 
(though inhabited by sawages and had a 

populatinn of ele\en liundred ) should be 
near the place where the first entry of land 
should be made by Johni Jamison, on the 
1st day of Augaist, 1787, on part of mili- 
tary warrant Xol 192, and surveyed for him 
by Nathaniel Massie on the 20th day of 
XoA'ember, 1794, the number of the siu'vey 
being 387. The starting point of this sur- 
vey was on the lower end of a small island 
in the middle of the Little Miami river op- 
posite the Old Chillicothe, about two hun- 
dred rods telow where Glassies creek 
empties into the Little Miami ; original 
amoimt, twelve Inmdred acres. That island 
can be seen there tohday (1900), although 
the water does not surround the island, yet 
the old channel is still to be seen, and from 
the directions given in this case Jamisoai's 
survey can be located. The island is about 
three rods wide and one hundred and fifty 
rods long. 

Later a family by the name of Vandolah 
entered four hundred acres of the same 
tract. The father soon after making his 
entry became uneasy as to his claim being 
gvRid. He discovered certain marks that 
soane one had been there before, and meet- 
ing Major James Galloway one day he told 
him of his suspicions and asked Mr. Gallo- 
wav's advice as what to do under the cir- 
cumstances. ;Mr. Galloway told him that he 
had recentiv discovered a law that any one 
making an entry where some one had pre- 
viously entered that the latter party could 
have his claim transferred to some other 
jilace. Mr. Vandolah thereupon' authorized 
'Ml-. Galloway to do so with his enti-y. In 
the meantime it appears the elder Vandolah 
knowing the uncertainty of life made a will, 
willing to his two sons, Peter and Jesse, 
the aforesaid four hundred acres. Li course 
of time Major Galloway made the asked 



for entry of the \'a.aidolah claim, three and 
one-half miles northeast, and they immedi- 
ately removed to their land. Some years 
after the father died and it appears had 
failed in life to take his boys into his con- 
fidence as to his business relations. They 
remembered the claim where they first had 
lived, and the fatlier had failed to destroy 
the will which he had made, and from these 
facts grew the trouble and the number of 
suits of ejectments that followed. 


About the year 1777 Ci^li-nel Bowman 
sent Simo!i Kenton and two L-ther men. 
Montgomery and Clarke, on a scouting ex- 
peditioai to the old Shawanoes town (now 
Old Town) on the Miami. Stealthily ap- 
])ro>aching the town at night, they observed 
a number of horses in an inclosure. These 
at the time were inestimable prizes, and 
forgetting their mission, they each mounted 
a horse, and, to cripple all pursuit, tied the 
others together, and started toward the 
Ohio. Tlie Indians soon discovered their 
loss, and started in hot pursuit, and though 
at a distance, still followed the trail. When 
Kenton and his ])arty arrived at the banks 
of the Ohio, they found it so rough that 
their liorses would not venture in. A coun- 
cil was held, and in view of the great dis- 
tance between them and their pursuers, it 
was resolved to remain until sunset, and 
await the probal)Ie abatement of the wind. 
On the contrary, bowever, the gale in- 
creased, and by night the river was abso- 
lutely impassable. 

Jn the morning while Kenton was stand- 
ing sariK distance from his comrades, he ob- 
served three Indians and a white man ap- 
proaching him on horseback. His rifle was 

at once to his eye, and. aiming at the Ijreast 
of the foremost Indian he pulled the trigger ; 
but the gun missed fire. Kenton made good 
use of his legs, but was soon caught, bound, 
and brought back. The Indians were very 
angry at the loss of their horses, and niani- 
fested their displeasure in no gentle way, by 
seizing Kenton by the hair, and shaking him 
"till his teeth rattled;" scourging him over 
the head with their ramrods, at every blow- 
hissing through their teeth, "Steel Indian 
boss, hey!" At this juncture ]\[ontgomery 
came bravely to his assistance, when two 
savages emptied their rifles into his breast, 
and he fell on the six)t, and in a moment 
his blcwdy scalp was shaken in the captive's 
face, with threats of a similar fate. In the 
meantime Clarke, unobserved liy the In- 
dians, who were giving Kenton their sole 
attention, slipped away and escaped. 

Kenton \\'as tbnnvn upon his back, lus 
face to the sun, his neck fastened to a saj)- 
ling bv a halter, his arms stretched to their 
full extent and pinned to the groun<l by 
stakes, his legs forced apart and secured 
in the same way. A stick was placed across 
his l:reast and each end fastened to tlie 
ground, so that he could not mi>ve his body. 
This was done, too, in the most accom- 
plished style of savage cruelty — kicks, cuffs 
and Ldows, accompanied with imprecations 
of "a tief," "a boss steal," "a rascal." "a 
squaw," etc., prefixed always with "danm." 
In this uncomfortable condition Kenton re- 
mained all day and the next night. In the 
morning, the Indians having collected their 
scattered horses, selected one of the wildest 
and most vicious colts, placed Kenton upon 
it. tied his hands behind him. and his feel 
under its l)elly. and started him ahead of 
them, through the thick woods and bram- 
bles, on their return. At night they halted 



and untying their priscMier. wlio was now 
bkxxly and scarred from tlie scratclies of 
the bnisli and branil)les, placed liim in the 
same uncomife-Ttable position as the night 

"Again tlie horse was Ijruught : 
"T'was l)nt a day he liad been caug^it ; 
And snorting, with erected mane. 
-And struggling fiercely, but in vain. 
In the full foam of wrath and dread, 
To me the desert b<)rn was led; 
They bound me on, that menial throng, 
Tben loosed hinT, with a sudden lash — 
A\\a\! Away! And on we dash." 

The following day they reached the In- 
dian \illage of Chillicothe — now Old Town, 
in this county — on the Little Miami. In the 
meantime a courier had preceded them and 
informetl the village of their arrival, every 
memiber of which came running tO' look at 
the illustriou.s captive. One of the chiefs, 
Blackiish. with a stout hickory in his hand 
approached Kenton and accosted him thus: 
"\'ou have been stealing our horses, have 
you?" "Yes," was Kenton's bold reph'. 
'"Did Colonel B(X>ne tell yoai to steal our 
horses?" "No" answered Kenton "I did 
it of my own accord." BlackHsh then ap- 
plic-.l the hickory so vig^orously over the 
bare head and shoiilders of the captive as 
to catise the rapid flow of blood accom- 
panied with the acutest pain. The whole 
motley crew, consisting of nearly two hun- 
dren mien, women and children, now sur- 
rounded him, yelling, hooting and scream- 
ing like the stygian offspring of the hadean 
gitaixl, stopping often to beat and kick him. 
and calling loitdly for his immediate ex- 
ecution at the stake, that their .savage eyes 
tright behold the pleasing , spectacle. A 

stake was dri\en in the ground and Kenton 
was tirmly lashed to it with rawhide thongs. 
Piece by piece the demoniac hags.strippefl 
his clothing off, and danced, yelling fiend- 
ishly around till midnight, when he was re- 
leased to run the gauntlet next morning. 
Nearly three hundred savages of all 
ages and of both sexes were assembled for 
the occasion. Stretching away in two par- 
allel lines about six feet apart the Indians 
stood, armed with axes, clubs, hickorys and 
all .scrts of weapons. Between these lines 
the unfortunate victim, naked and already 
bleeding, was compelled to run, with the 
glimmering prospect of safety in the council 
house. With his arms above his head he 
swiftly flies d(/wn' the line, receiving at each 
step, kicks, blows, stripes and wounds, until, 
at the lower extremity, he ol)ser\-es two 
warriors with knives to take his life. 
Breaking through the lines, he rushes for 
the council house, pursued by the howling 
redskins. Just as he had reached the town, 
and the council house was within his reach, 
he was confronted by an Indian with his 
blanket around him. walking leisurelv out 
of the Flinging of? his covering he 
sprang upon Kenton who, exhaiisted. and 
wounded, could but feebly resist, and was 
soon surrc/imded Ij}- the enraged crowd, wlio 
kicked and scourged him until he was near- 
ly dead. When he had partially recovered, 
they bnxight him fciul and water and as 
soon as he was aljle they took him tO' the 
council house to- decide upon his fate. The 
warriors disposed themseh-es in a circle, 
with an old chief in the center. [Many 
speeches were made, some for burning, and 
some for merc^•, but Kenton soon learned 
fn m the ferocious glances cast upi;n him 
that his fate was sealed. After the tlelibera- 
tions and speeches, the old chief passed the 



war ciulj to the nearest warrior, and with 
a knife and a stick prepared to register the 
votes. Those who were in favor of death 
struck the ground violently with the club, 
these to the contrary passed it on: a notch 
was cut en one side fur death, and on the 
opposite side for mercy. It was scon de- 
cided in favor cf death at which one pro- 
longed shout arose. 

The next question was, when and where 
should the executiim take place. Some were 
in fa\-er of immediate action, and some de- 
sired ti. make it a "solemn national sacri- 
fice." It was finally decided, however, that 
the place should be \\'aughcotomoco (now 
Zanesville, Logan county). 

On the way to this place Kenton de- 
termined to make an effort to escape, know- 
ing his fate could be no worse. At a favor- 
able C'pportunity he rushed intO' the woods 
with such desperate swiftness that had he 
not stumbled upc<n a party of redskins on 
horseback he would have escaped. All hope 
now left him. and he felt deserted by God 
and man. At Piqua he was miockingly tied 
to a stake. At \\"aughcotom<5co he ran the 
gauntlet again and was severely hurt. 

\\'hile sitting in gloom among his en- 
emies in the council house, the door \\as 
opened and Girty, with his prisoners and 
scalps, appeared. The anxious gaze of Ken- 
ton was met b_\' scowls of savage hatred. 
Previous to this it is relatetl that Kenton, 
after his attempted escape, had been given 
up to the boys and women, who rolled him 
in the mud and water until he was nearly 
suffecated. then he was taken out and his- 
face painted black signifying his fate. In 
this condition Girty. who had formerly been 
his besom companion, difl not recognize 
him. until in conversation he revealed his 
name; when the hardened' wretch, who had 

murdered men, women and children, threv.' 
himself in his anns, and with tears in his 
eyes promised to use every effort to sa\e 
his life. He immediately called a council, 
and earnestly pleaded fc-r the life of his 
friend. Speeches for and against were 
made and the scale hung doubtful, until the 
fiery eloquence of Girty prexailed, and Ken- 
ton was saved. 

He remained with his liljerator for some 
time, until the return of a disapix)inted war 
party, which took possession of him again, 
and despite the appeals of Girty, condemned 
him to the stake and compelled him again 
to run the gauntlet. Girty came to him 
and told hinn he must die. A halter was 
then placed around his neck and he was 
led tO'ward the place of execution. On the 
road they passed an Indian sitting and 
smoking on a log, directing his wife in her 
eft'i:rts in chopping, who en sight of Kenton 
seized the a.x and struck him a severe blow. 
He was sharply rebuked by the Indian 
guards for trying to destroy their material 
for torture. 

On their journey they stopped at the 
\illage of the humane Logan, who immedi- 
atelv sent runners to Sandusky (his in- 
tended place of execution), to intercede for 
his life, but on their return Logan informed 
him that he must go instantly to Sandusky. 
Thus was the ptxir soul harrowed with 
hope and fear. On his arrival an Indian 
agent named Druyer, at the instigation of 
Logan, purchased him from the Indians, and 
in a speech pursuaded them to let him go 
to Detroit, where he remained until the fol- 
lowing June, when he. with others escaped 
fr( m the British. In this perilous adven- 
ture, he was forced to nin the gauntlet eight 
time, tied to the stake three times, beaten 
and kicked, and struck with an ax, rolled 



and wallowed in the nuid, and yet his pow- 
erful constitntioin resumed its wonted vigor 
when released, and he lived to the age of 



My father, James (ialloway, Sr., emi- 
grated fnjim Hoairhcni cmmt)-, Kentucky, in 
company with two otlier families. .\dam 
McPherson and James M. Galloway (black- 
sniiith), early in the spring, March 20, 1798, 
and settled on the west side of the Little 
Miami river, five miles north of where 
Xenia now is, having formed an accjuaint- 
ance with Coloaiel Richard .Andersun in the 
army of the United States, during tlie Re\- 
oluticinary war, wlio^ was appointed by the 
state of \"irginia surveyor general of the 
niihtary land in this state lying l>etween the 
Scioto and Little Miami river, and who had 
established Lc;iin"s\ille. Kentucky, and ap- 
pointed a number of deputies to locate and 
survey lands in his district. My brother. 
James Galloway, being well versed in the 
science of sun-eying, wished to engage in 
the business as a regular deputy under Col- 
onel Anderson. L; the year 1802 or 1803 
m_\ father and brother James went to see 
Colonel Anderson at Louisville and on their 
way called for several days on my uncle. 
Samuel Galknvay, who. lived on McCon- 
nell's nm. r.ear where IVIr. Armstrong 
preached, and was about to dispense the 
Lord's Suyjper. The}- Ijecame acquainted, 
and united w-ith hini in communion of the 
Lord's Supper, after which they went on 
foi Louis\-!lle. and my lirother, through the 
influence of my father and uncle, George 
Pomeroy, .succeeded in getting the appoint- 
ment he sought. 

On their return they stay-ed a day or 

two' with my uncle, Samuel Galloavay, and 
w^aited on the ministry of Mr. Armstrong, 
and invited and insisted on him to come 
to Ohio and preach in our neighbor- 
hood; George Galloway was urgent in this 
request, he agreed if they and the people 
wished it he would come. After their re- 
turn they consulted w-ith all the people 
around, for they were few in numbers, but 
were anxious for preaching and delegated 
n-iy brother James for himi to' go to Ken- 

lie went, and shortly afterward wrote 
to George Galloway to meet him in Dayton 
to pilot him to our settlement, there Ixing 
iKi roads but the one General Wayne had 
made from Cincinnati to> Hamilton, and a 
"trace" to where Dayton now is. His re- 
quest was fulfilled. Mr. Armstrong came 
and ]n-eached at my father's home to the 
following families: Mathew Ouinn, Alex- 
ander Forl:)es, William Junkin, Elias Brom- 
agen. Widow- Creswell, who united with his 
congregation ii-ii Kentucky and came toi Ohio 
in 1 80 1, Alexander McCoy and sons, James 
and Jobn Ste\enson, Thomas and John 
Tawnsley, brothers. George Galloway and 
James Galloway (blacksmith) and after- 
ward soon, Joseph Kyle, Sr., and his two 
sons. Joseph and Samuel, Colonel James 
Moirrow. David Laughead, Sr.. and his fam- 
ily, William and Robert Kendall and per- 
haps a few others. He also' preached at 
Sugarcreek. in t!ie House of James Clency, 
whoi resided where Bellbrook is iiow- situ- 
ated, to a number of families, of wlioan the 
follow-ing are recollected : John and Joseph 
McKnight, Joseph C. Vance, father of Gov- 
ernor Vance, and his brother John, Captain 
Nathan Lairimle and family, William Tan- 
ner, James and Jacob Snowden, three Snod- 
grass families, James, William and Robert. 



Abraham \'an Eaton and perhaps a few 
others ; ncaie named were members of the 
ass<.)ciate church, but were members of the 
Assticiate Reform and Presljyterian 
cliurches. and were glad to hear Mr. Ann- preach. 

At Dayton, at the time of Mr. Arm- 
strong's first coming, he was insisted upon 
by .Mr. James Lowry, who Hved some four 
miles west of where the town of Enon is 
now situated, to preach in his house, in a 
neighhorhocid west oif Mad ri\-er, and was 
pilt_.ted to Mr. Lowry's b}- James McCoy, 
Ge</rge Galloway and my father. During 
his stay among us a number solicited him 
to come and take the oversight of themi as 
their pastor. This he did not refuse or 
pnniise to do. but stated that he was dis- 
satisfied with Kentucky on account of slav- 
ery. He said that s]a\-e holders were buy- 
ing large tracts of land in branches oi his 
congregation, that there w as no chance nor 
probability of increasing. He said if he 
could get his congregation, or part of them 
to come to Ohio, he would agree to come, 
if called. The people took his statements 
as enciuragement and forthwith agreed to 
petitic n tii the presbytery for the modera- 
tion of a call. My brother James presented 
the petition to the presbytery as a delegate 
fn ni tlie congregation. They granted the 
j;et;tii n. and oppointed Rev. Andrew Ful- 
ton to moderate in the call. A sbort time 
after this appointmjent he preached in my 
fatlier's barn, and baptized my sister Ann 
and brcther .Anthony, it I>eing the first bap- 
tism ever administered in Greene county by 
the Associate church, and took place about 
the 1st ( f Septeml>er, 1804. The call was 
made cut in due form and John McKnight 
cf Sugarcreek and my father were appoint- 
ed commissioners by the people to meet witli 

tlie presbytery cf Kentucky and urge the 
acceptance o'f the call. This the_\- did ami 
yir. Amistrcjng- accepted it. 


In the same month ^h: Armstrong went 
to Tennessee and was married to iliss 
Xancy Andrew and in October left Tennes- 
see with his wife and her brother Hugh An- 
drew, who all arrived safely at my father's 
house and lived in his family all winter and 
spring, until he got a cabin built and a 
stone chimney in it. for he was afraid of a 
wooden cue. Mr. Hugh Andrew in later 
}"ears gives an account of that event as fol- 
lows : "Air. Armstrong had l)een niarried 
to my sister Xancy two years. Previous 10 
his coming to Xenia he and his wife set 
out on horseback to visit her father's people, 
who lived near Nashville, Tennessee. In 
October they again started for their old 
home in Kentucky and their new homie in 
Ohio, it being arrangeil to take Airs. Arm- 
strong's young brother Hugh with them, 
then a lad of some ten years of age. A 
small saddle was placed on the horse behind 
Air. Armstrong, on which young Hugh roda 
to Kentucky. On their arrival at Air. Arm- 
strong's home in Kentucky they were met 
by \\'illiam Gowdy— an uncle of Alexander 
Gowdy, yet (1899) living in Xenia, who 
lived at that time near what is now know n 
as Alpha, who had teen sent with a four- 
horse team to bring Air. Armstrong's house- 
hold goo<ls and' books. 

Air. Armstrong and wife made the jour- 
ney I 11 horseback, while yomig Hugh was 
assigned to the wagon. On their arrival at 
the end of their joan'ney they stopped at 
Air. Galloway's, as has been stated. On 
the arrival of the wagon, }-oung Hugh, not 



exactly likiiij;: the looks of tilings, asked and 
obtained leave to return with Mr. Go^wdx- 
t(^ liis residence. Mr. GowxW was a young- 
married man at this time, anrl his father 
Hved near." 

My father entered and paid in the land 
office at Cincinnati, fractional section No. 
29. t<nvn 4, range 7, between the Great and 
Little .Miami rivers, containing f,.ur hun- 
dred and sixty-oiie acres, and sold to Air. 
Armstrong three lumdred and one acres for 
the sum of six hundred and twenty dollars, 
and deeded the same to him in 1812, which 
can be seen in the rec(jrder's office, (ireene 
county, in Ix»k C, volume 3, page 70, ex- 
ecuted !)>• tieorge Galloway Esquire. Mr. 
Arirjstrong lived on said section to the year 
1813, whcii/ he sold and deeded to Samuel 
Goe for the suiit of two lumdred and ninety 
dollars, and h<mght again on Clark's run 
forty-eight and three-fourths acres of land 
from John Hunter, of Ross count}-, for 
wliich he paid one hundred and seventy dol- 
lars, and tv\a hundred acres from James 
Galloway, Jr., for which he paid three hun- 
dred dollars. The deeds of these tracts of 
land can Ise seen on record, book C, page 
377, and lx>ok C, page 417. This sale and 
purchase left Mr. Anmstrong sixteen hun- 
dred and thirty dollars, no trifling sum in 
those days, and taking in his personal prop- 
erty and proceeds of his farm he might be 
considered a rich man. On this farm he 
li\ed until his death, which occurred Oc- 
tober 14, 1 82 1. 

It is true that his congregation in Ken- 
tucky sent a delegation to Ohio of sixteen 
or eighteen to view the lands in the neigli- 
lx>rhoi(xl wdiere Mr. Armstrong ^\•as to settle, 
and were well pleased with it and reported 
accordingly. In the spring and fall of 1804 
and 1805 all, or nearly all, of his congre- 

gation followed him to Ohio and settled un- 
der his ministrv. 

The first church edifice of the Associate 
congregati.j-n of Massiescreek \\-as built 011 
three acres of land donated by James Ste- 
venson for church and cemetery. It was 
built of round hicko^ry^ logs with the bark 
peeled ofif, thirty feet square, covered with 
clapboards, the spaces between the logs be- 
ing filled with clay. It was without t gal- 
lery or loft of any kind, and the floor was 
O'f earth. In it were neither stoves nor 
chimney, and tliere was but one door in the 
center oi one end of the house. There was 
an aisle running through the center. The 
pulpit was composed of clapboards on a 
wooden structure, with a window on each 
side. It was seated with two rows of 
puncheons split from, poplar, the upper side 
smoothed off, and in each end as an up- 
right; from two to three slabs were pinned 
and formed quite a comfortable back. This 
edifice was on the north side of Massies- 
creek, about three miles from where it 
emptied into the Litle iliami river. Men 
and women would ride or walk twelve or 
fifteen miles to this church and sit and listen 
to two sermons without seeing fire in the 
coldest weather. 

About the year 1812 or 1813 the second 
church at Massiescreek was built, of hewed 
logs, one hundred and fifty feet distant from> 
the first one. At this date the cmmtry had 
improved and several mills had been built. 
It was about fifty feet wide, was floored 
and ceiled over head with one-half-inch pop- 
lar boards. In it were placed four pews, 
the balance o-f the seats being those that had 
been in the first church. This church be- 
caauie too small for the congregation, and 
one side was taken out and its width in- 
creased about twel\-e feet. This buildin<^ 



was used until the stone one was built and . 
occupied by Rev. James P. Smart, alxmt 
two miles north from the first site. The 
old site is now used as a cenijeterv ; in it 
are the remains of Air. Armstrong and a 
large majority of tlie congregation. Out of 
Massiescreek, Sugarcreek and Xenia con- 
gregations of the Associate church, and 
Xenia Ass(x:iate Reformed congregation has 
sprung the nucleus of all the congregations 
in the United Presbyterian church in the 

Mr. Armstrong became dissatisfied with 
his location west of the Miami, on accoimt 
of its frequent floods, that cut him off from 
his house wi worship and disappointed 
his congregation. He was a great walker 
and frecpiently walked from his home to 
Sugarcreek, a distance of thirteen miles, to 
preach toi that branch of his charge, and to 
Massiescreek, a distance of four miles. At 
the crossing of the Miami he had a pair of 
stilts some two feet high, upon which he 
would mcimt, and with great care and cir- 
cumspection cross the ri\-er, but wonid at 
times get a ducking. 


The name of Robert Armstrong will 
long be held in honorable remembrance in 
that branch of the church to which he be- 
longed. If talents devoted tO' the service 
of relig-ion and a life of more than common 
usefulness constitutes a claiml to it lx)th con- 
S}>ire to place him in the front rank of those 
who have planted, watered and extended 
the Secession church in western America. 

Mr. Armstrong was a native of Scot- 
land, and but little is knoiwn of his parent- 
age. His mother was a widow at the time 
of his cc:aninig to America, and he was an 

only child. He is supposed tO' have been 
ab<;ut fifty-fi\-e years old at the time of his 
death. He received a classical education at 
the University of Edinburg and studied the- 
ol(_:g}- at Whitburn under the Re\-. Archi- 
bald Bruce, professor at that time uniler the 
General Associate Synod, the certificate ef 
his ordination to the ministry is dated I5tli 
of June, 1797. He had' been licensed to 
preach some time m the winter preceding by 
the presbytery of Kelso. He was one of 
till se students who make their professional 
life by dint of their own resc-airces, and the 
ardor and enterprise of character which it 
implies were prominent parts of his. His 
parents n(j't possessing much worldly afflu- 
ence were unable to' help him-. He taught 
a country school or acted as a pri\ate tutor 
in the families of gentlemen, and by that 
means, made himself master of very exten- 
sive acquirements, both as a scholar and di- 
vine. He was licen.sed and' ordained with a 
view to his coining to Amierica, the cause 
of which was as follows : Four members of 
the church having settled in the same neigh- 
borhood in the vicinity o'f Lexington, Ken- 
tuclc\-, namely: James Bain. Adam Good- 
lett. Thomas Roibinson and James Pringle, 
took council together in a prayer meeting, 
on the best means for obtaining a dispensa- 
tion of the Gospel aniicng thenu This was 
in the }'ear 1796, at which time the above 
named branch of the church in America was 
small. The Presbyteiy of New York and 
Pennsyl\-ania was the only church court, ex- 
cept sessions in the cnmnrv. Ami tliere was 
but one number of it settled west of the Al- 
legheny mountains, viz. : the Re\-. Mathew 
Hen<lersc;n, in the vicinity of Pittsburg. It 
was certain that it would lie a long timie be- 
f<vre this small fountain in the east woidd 
rise high enough to e.xtend its waters so far 



west. The Ijrethren iherefore resolved to 
apply to the sjniad of Scotland for assist- 
ance. From prudential n-^otives, Svnod in 
complying with the ])etition ( in which ihev 
asked for but one) aiJiJMJnted two ministers 
to go to the country, Mr. Armstrong and 
the worthy Andrew Fultcm (who also about 
fdur N-ears since rested from his labors). 
"Vou might lie startled,"' says a memliei- ni' 
synod in a letter to, a friend in this country, 
some years afterward, "at the idea of two 
ministers coming at once, but we thought, 
as the synod defrayed all e.xpenses, if any 
disappointment as to success sliould fcilli>w. 
we, not you, would jjear the Ijlame. It was 
a \'enture in a nohle cause, and kind jirnxi- 
dence has crowned it with success." At the 
time of receiving the petition and synods 
mtiking choice of persons for the mission, 
Mr. Annstnnig had not yet left the ranks 
of the students, wdiich would imply that 
they thought him partictdarly qualified to 
undertake the appointment. In an address 
to the brethren in Kentucky accompanying 
the mission, they say: "Had you wit- 
nessed, dear brethren, rmr an.xious solici- 
tude to ha,ve vou provided with able and 
faithful laborers, had }'Ou beheld our en- 
tire unanimity, and had you heard the e.K- 
pressions of our unfeigned joy, when the 
twiii brethren appninted toi vou modestly sig'- 
nified their acquiescence in our choice, you 
would assuredly gather that you are very 
d'ear to the church here, and that these two 
servants of Christ are called by their Master 
to preach the Goispel to you." And in no 
instance has the discrimination and confi- 
dence of that svnod, in the appointment of 
foreigi^ missionaries, l>een more happily ex- 
ercised or better placed, as the subsequent 
character and conduct o'f these twO' minis- 
ters evinced, and in few" instances, we are 

willing to believe, has such extensive lib- 
erality been mpre gratefully received. At 
their appointment they were commissioned 
]:)y the synod to constitute themselves on 
their arrival, intoi a court, by the name of 
Associate Presbv'tery of Kentucky. They 
arrived in the suirjmer o^f 1798. anil after 
casting the net in new waters, in which they 
were not unsuccessful, mi the 2(Sth day of 
Xo\-ember, following, constituted the court. 
At this presbytery Mr. Armstrong received a 
unanimous call toi act as pastor toi the united 
congregation of the Dales Fork, Millars 
Run and Cane Run, and was installed in 
the charge April 23, 1799, and continued his 
labors in- it until the fall of the year 1804. 
This year the three congregationiS, with 
very fewi exceptions, emigrated to^ the state 
Oif Obio', on account of slavery in Kentucky. 
If Mr. Armstrong was not the projector of 
it he took an early interest. A few years 
observation of its horrors gave experimental 
fo'rce toi an opiniom, wbich he doubtless ad- 
mitted before in theory, namely : That slav- 
er}' is unfavorable to religioin. Its effects 
in America seem' to warrant the belief that 
it is incompatible with the existence of the 
churches of the reformation. They settled 
together in Greene county in the confi- 
dent expectation' of his being resettled 
ampng them as soon as it could be 
done in an orderl\- way. They were 
organized under the name oif the united 
congregation of INfassiescreek and Sugar- 
creek, and on the 2nd day of Septem- 
l;er, the same year, he was ordered by the 
])resbytery to rejoin his charge. Here he 
labored se\'enteen years and the handful of 
corn in the earth appeared with prosperous 
fruits. His charge was shortly afterward 
divided and another minister called to pre- 
side o'\'er one-half of it, from which time 



his labors were confined to Massiescreek 
congregation until the 9th of January, 1821, 
ten mionths before his decease. 

Andrew Fulton and his congregation a 
few years before his death also moved to 
the free state Oif Indiana. Air. Armstrong 
was a man of ver)- low stature, but had 
naturally a stro-ng constitution. During 
the early part of his ministr)- liis labors 
were severe, antl lie had often to dispense 
the Supper three and four times a year 
withiut assistance. He had upwards of 
one hundred miles to go to tiie presbvterv 
and lietween six hundred and se\-en hundred 
to the synod. Ijoth of which he attended 
punctually witli few exceptions. 

In compliance with calls toi supply va- 
cancies and organize cliurclies lie had often 
to go joiirneys from fift_\- to two hundred 
miles through the wilderness, which afford- 
ed no other comf(;rts of hospitality than that 
which his saddieljag and the rorjt of a tree 
furnished. In the pulpit he had an air of 
authority which impressed his audience with 
a feeling of respect and confidence in his 
judgment, while his talents, though udt of 
the hriliiaiU kind, were abm-e what usual! v 
fall to the lot of men. 'i'he Rev. Pringle, 
of Perth, Scotland, speaking of the two mis- 
sionaries in a letter to a friend in this ccxni- 
try said: "Some are jjerhaps endowed with 
miore talents, but their qualifications are of 
the solid, pemmnent and useful kind; 
thotigh they don't flash so much at Ih-st, 
they improve on acquaintance." Air. Arm- 
strong had an aversion to controversy, both 
in pulpit and out of it, and it was his prac- 
tice to refute error as an error of the heart, 
whicii jDersons might l>e under the influence. 
of whatever their profession. And he fre- 
quently guarded his peoiile against suppos- 
ing themselves religious, because they coidd 

condenni nuich in the practice or principles 
of others. "Beware," was his admonition, 
"lest tliese very people rise in judgmient 
against you at last." So strong was his 
a\-ersion to railing at others that even the 
memorable tempest of religious fanaticism 
wliich in 180J burst forth in Kentucky with 
sucii fur}-, threatening to extend its sweep 
over the wIkjIc country and tn carry Ijeforc 
it the firmest pillars of the church, did not 
th'aw from him in his puljMt exercises a 
ccndenniatcry epithet. The means he em- 
phned to counteract its influence were in- 
direct. He took up those points of the word 
assailed by the delusion ai^d these Ijest cal- 
culated to ciiunteract its temper and en- 
forced them. That faith is the product of 
mere human power, was the fundamental 
err< r of the "new lights." His people will 
remcmi;er the earnestness with which he in- 
sisted, at the time, three days successively 
on the te.xt, "Do ye now believe?" The 
clearness and force -with which lie opened 
up the nature, origin and effects of faith, 
as he posed tlie consciences witli an answer 
to the interrogatory. He was a firm friend 
to the principles of the Reformation, and 
fully approved of the principles of the so- 
ciety to wliicli he belonged, on the subject 
of separation of corrupt churches. In his 
adherence tn these principles he was firm 
Imt not obstinate. On terms of comnmmion. 
(|uestions about church order, or other 
prints, when his Bible did n('t clearly de- 
cide, he was not rigid. 

In i)ri\ate life he was a social, cheerful 
and instructive companion. He was self- 
denied, humble and patient, not from 
a disposition naturally unambitious, meek 
and ]ilacid. but from a sense of dutv 
and the piwer of the gospel over his 



In conversation he was particniaiiv loml 
oi anecclotes whicli contained some useful 
moral, and of these he had a large fund. 
From a conviction that religion often suf- 
fers both r.eglect and scandal from men's 
imprudence in the management of their 
worldly concerns he frequently took occa- 
sion in his familiar iniercourse to ileal nuich 
in maxims of good sense respecting these. 
It was known tO' a few that he \A-as rather 
partial' to the civil institutions of his native 
land, hut he never meddled with politics. 
\\'hen the news of General Hull's surrender 
was received, which was on a Sab]>ath day 
in the interval iSetween discourses, he im- 
mediately convened the congregation, and 
after a short admonitory address adapted to 
the occasion, dismissed them to make prep- 
arations for marching the next day, and 
went part of the day's ride with tliem. From 
the day of his arrival among his people in 
Kentucky till the last period of his ministry 
ill this place, his congregation continued to 
increase and flourish under his care, until 
the last year of his life peace, harmony and 
mutual good will prevailed between him and 
his flock. At that period, however, and in 
an evil hoar, when men slept, an enemy 
sowed tares, which sprung up' and had like 
to- have choked the wheat. This began by 
an alarm of fire, and some mischief was 
done and threatened to be done about the 
house. An old ca1>in was burned, and at- 
tempts made to set the barn on fire, suspicion 
arose, and the cpiestion was asked, who 
could do the mischief? The family sus- 
pected some persons in the neighborhood 
and others suspected some person in or 
about the house. No one kn'ew and mutual 
jealousies and criminations arose, and the 
brand of discord and contention kindled 
into a flame, and in this state of things and 

under very uneasy feelings, he began to sus" 
jiect that his usefulness in the congregation 
was at an end; that his labors would be no 
longer accepta1>le. This impression gained 
strength and on occasion O'f a congrega- 
tional meeting he sent in his resignation. 
The congregation were unwilling to part 
widi him, Imt lie continued firm in his reso- 
lution, and the presbytery granted the prayer 
of his petition. He brought no charge 
against the congregation. 

Shortly before his decease he went to 
15Iack Rock, Indiana, with a view to the 
removal of his family to that place, but when 
he returned, which was on the 27th day of 
Septemjber, he took sick that night, and 011 
the Sabbath following sent for Rev. Thom- 
as Beveridge, whoi visited him on Monday 
in conilpany with ^Ir. Bain. He looked 
forward to dying without fear. When 
speaking of his family he was o\-ercome by 
his feelings ; he felt for them whose only 
object had been to^ make him happy. He 
had no unbelief respecting themi, but could 
commit them to Him who is the judge of 
the widow and the fatherless. He had al- 
ways \-alued the Gospel, but more now than 
ever from the support it gave himi in his 
trving hour. To Mr. Adamis, a young 
minister, he said on his death-bed re\-iew 
oi the doctrines he had embraced and 
taught, he found nothing to fault ; they were 
the ground of his hopes for eternity. For 
vears he had noi doubt of his interest in the 
atoning blood of Christ, and his faith did 
not fail him now, and on Sabbath niorning, 
14th of October, 1821, between the hours 
of twelve and one o'clock, he died. After 
his decease on the backs of letters or stray 
slips of paper, it is said, were found notes 
of the ground work of some of his best ef- 




The first settler in the nortliern central 
part of the county of \vhc<m we have an\" 
record or well authenticated account was 
James Galloway, Sr., who emigrated to tlrs 
place from Bourbon county, Kentucky, early 
in the spring of 1798, now very nearly 
eig"hty-three years since. About twenty 
years previous, towit, November 23, i//^. 
he married Miss Rebecca Junkin. in Cum- 
berland county. Pennsylvania. How long 
he sojourned in Kentucky we ha\e not been 
able to determine. Mr. Galloway possessed 
many of the traits of Daniel Bc»one. He was 
in the service of tlie United States eighteen 
months during the Revolutionar}- war. in 
the capacity of hunter, to procure game for 
the army. He was engaged in several con- 
flicts with the Indians, and on one occasion 
was brought face to face with Simon Girty. 
who, perceiving that Galloway was un- 
armed, accosted himi thus: "Now. Gallo- 
wav. d — n you, I have got you," and in- 
stantly tired. Galloway received a danger- 
ous wound, and' was supposed by Girty lo 
have been killed. He, howexer, wheeled his 
horse and made for camp, a mile distant, 
which he reacheil in safety, but in a fainting 
condition. The ball passed through his 
shoulder and lodged some place near the 
back of the neck. After carrying this bullet 
manv years, it was extracted, some say by 
a cobbler, others by Dr. Joshua ]\Iartin. 
However this mav have been it was a source 
of considerable annoyance, and the woinid 
was effected very much by the state of the 
weather, and served as a baromieter. On 
occasions, when something important was to 
be done, retpiiring fine weather, young 
Hugh would be dispatched to Mr. Gallo- 
way to learn the condition of the barometer. 

Mr. Galloway's family on coming to this 
county consisted of himself, wife, his sons, 
James, Samuel, William, Andrew, and one 
daughter. Rebecca. His family was after- 
ward enlarged l>y a son and daughter, An- 
thi ny and Ann. James Galloway (black- 
smith) and Adam McPherson acompanied 
^Ir. (ialloway from Kentucky and settled ni 
dift'erent neighjjorhoods. The same year 
Thomas Townsley settled near the falls of 
[Massies creek. These were the first settlers 
of this portion of Greene county, so far as 
we ha\e been able to discover. 

How Mr. Galloway succeeded in erect- 
ing his first cabin we are left to conjecture, 
as his boys were mere children, the eldest 
being a lad of sixteen : but as necessity is the 
mother of invention, we can have no doubt, 
therefore, but Mr. Galloway scxju had a 
place of hal)itation for himself and family. 
The matter of subsistence was a serious 
(piestion for a man of so large a fam- 
ily, as he wc'uld not lie able to bring 
any considerable amount of provisions, 
in his journey through an unbroken wil- 
derness, and it must necessarily have 
'been se\'eral months before he could de- 
rive any benefits from the fruits of 
the soil. Fortimately game was abundant, 
and Mr. Galloway, with his unerring mius- 
ket was able tO' sui>i>ly his family with all 
the delicacies of the season; yet there was 
not the means for the enjovment Oif that 
luxurious living of the present day. 

In the year 1799 or 1800 George Gallo- 
way, Esq., located on the fann now owned 
by Andrew Holland, lying on the Yellow 
Springs pike, imniiediately north and west 
of the river. The tract located by James 
Galloway, consisting of one hundred and 
si.\ty-one acres, lay still farther north to- 
ward Yellow Springs. .Subsequentlv Mr. 



Galloway sold to Rev. Ro-ljert Armstrong- 
three iniiKlred and one acres, which is now 
mainly conTprised ni the farms oiwned bv 
James H. Dickey, John H. and Henry B. 
Jaccby. About this time, or at all events 
prior to ii^03, Matthew (Juinn settled on the 
farm now occupied by Mr. Mathias Rout- 
zong. Others coming in from time tO' time, 
the country gradually became settled. Mills 
were a necessity. Owen Davis had built 
one on lleaxer creek in i "yQ, wdiich was pat- 
ronized by the inhal)itants for forty miles 
around. Whisky, though perhaps not so 
essential a-- bread, was nevertheless used to 
a considerable extent as a medicine as well 
as a beverage. The country was new, chills 
and fe\er ])reva'led, and the system needed 
bracing. At all e\'ents supply and demand 
to a considerable extent regul.ated trade. 
To supply this seeming necessity, ]\lr. 
Galloway erected a distillery on the small 
stream that crosses the Yellow Springs 
jjike near the old stone htxise previously de- 
scribed. \\ hat was its capacity we know 
not. but presume it was sufiicient to meet 
the wants of the neiglibnrho<wl in the sur- 
rounding conimunit}'. Although we hav; 
been assured that the early settlers in this 
communit)- generally partcwDk of their whis- 
ky in moderation, and never to excess, yet 
at this time, and for many years afterward, 
it was the custom on all occasions tO' jiass 
around the bottle. 

That there was at this period mpre of a 
community of interest and social equality 
among the people than at the present day, 
does m t admit of a doubt. Log-rollings, 
raisings, wood-choppings, etc., brought the 
people frequently together from many miles 
around. There were nO' drones in the com- 
luunity, antl on these occasions things wen.t 
lively. At a raising the hands would di- 

vide, putting their best men on the corners 
to do the notching, and then a strife arose 
as to who would be first to get their log in 
place. And thus they would continue till 
the square part of the building was coui- 
pleted ; and then beveled logs thrown up 
at the ends, and poles thrown across length- 
wise, at inter\-als of from three tO' four feet, 
completed the loft part of the structure. For 
a co'vering, clapboards, of an inch in thick- 
ness and about six in breadth, and in length 
corresponding with the distances between 
the poles, were placed up and down in such 
a manner as to make a close roof. The 
weight poles are then placed in position, and 
the rooif is complete. 

Abotit the Ijeginning of the century Mr. 
SoilomiCMi McCuUy settled on the north 'jf 
the ri\-er. on the Fairfield pike, at present 
occupied by Owen Swadner. Further on 
Arthur Forbes, on the farm occupied by 
Robert A. Mitchell ; John James and David 
Andersoai on what used toi be called the 
Kershner farm, situated on the Yellow- 
Springs and Dayton pike: Ezekiel Hopping, 
on the tract now owned by William Confer 
and George Taylor, still further north. We 
cannot give the exact dates of the settlement 
of these parties, 1>ut they were at an early 
day. James Andrew settled on the fanu 
in-i|mediate!y west of Mr. Armstrong, and 
no)w occupied by \V. Coole}-. His eldest 
(laughter, Nancy, w-as the w-ife of Mr. Arni- 
stroug. His family consisted of Jane, Will- 
iam. James, Rebecca, John. Hugh, George, 
Ebenezer and Elizabeth. Mr. Andrew was 
a liandicraftsman, as well as farmer. He 
made spinning wheels, little and big. He 
also stocked plows \\-ith wooden mold- 
boards. If we go back to the davs of our 
grandn-iothers, we shall find abundant ma- 
terial for reflection. E\-erv article of cloth- 



ing U-r tlie bcdy or the house was made at 
home. Toil. toil, incessant toil, fnHii one 
year's end to another, to procure the sim- 
plest comforts of life. Xow. w« get a liat 
or a coat, and dun't kncnv how it was made 
or whence it came. We have time to read, 
to think, to meditate how to make life en- 
jo)-able. Let us Ije thankful, and when dis 
posed to murmur at our hard lot, think of 
our grandfathers and grandmothers. 

^Ir. Andrew, having served his genera- 
tion, fell asleep in the year 1822, aged 
seventy-two years. Of his ten children, but 
two remain, Mr. Hugh Andrew of Xenia, 
and Ebenezer Andrew, of Sugarcreek 
township. James, Hugh and George car- 
ried on farming operations quite success- 
fully for miany years on the old homestead 
and lands adjoining, each owning fine farms 
of two or three hundred acres. Two of 
James' sons, AX'illiam and Harvey, are in 
the ministry r>f the United Presbyterian 
church: H. ]\I.. living in Xenia; and Sam- 
uel, George's son, near Frost's Station. 
Others are scattered through the west, and 
not a single one living within five miles of 
the eld homestead. Such radical changes 
dc-es time make, that the place that knows 
us now will soon know us no miore for- 

Mr. Andrew, ef whom we formerly 
spcke, for years continued his occupation of 
wheelwright and stocking plows. Mr. 
George Junkins had established a blacksmiith 
shop near the Fairfiekl pike, south of R. A. 
Mitchell's jjresent residence. A culprit had 
stolen a set of plow irons of John Ellis 
(grandfather of Samiuel Ellis, who li\es 
near the railroad crossing en the Clifton 
pike), and taken them to Junkins' shop to 
Ije relayed. The irons were taken thence 
to Mr. Andrews to be stocked with wooden 

mold-boards, etc. The irons w ere stamped, 
and it was the design of the thief to have 
the marks obliterated in order to avoid de- 
tection ; but in this he failed, which fact led 
to his arrest and pimishment. At this time 
there was a sugar tree on the public square, 
Xenia, which served as a whipping post. 
His sentence was to receive eight lashes on 
his bare back. This occurred on the 8th 
of Octoiljer, 1808, and is said to have been 
the last public whipping for a crime in 
Greene coimty. 

The lands west of the Little Miami 
river were congress lands, and were dis- 
posed of very differently from' those on the 
other side of the river, and in the following 
manner : "James Madison, president of the 
United States of America. To all to whom 
these presents shall come, greeting: Kncv 
ye, that James Andrew, of Greene county, 
having deposited in the treasurv a certificate 
I if the register of the land office, at Cincin- 
nati, whereby it apiiears that he has made 
full payment for the northeast quarter of 
section 35, of township, number 4. in range 
number 7, of the land lying between the 
Great Miami river and the \'irginia Reser- 
vation, etc., etc. Dated Washington, Feb- 
ruarj^ 12, 1810. Signed by Janres ]^Iadi- 
son, president of the United States, and R. 
Sntith, secretary of State." A similar pat- 
ent was issued for the southeast quarter cf 
section 36, to the same, in the year 18 16. 
TOiey were printed and written on parch- 
ment, and are uni(|ue in appearance. 

In 1802 or 1803 James Galloway, Sr., 
and James fialloway. Jr.. started to Louis- 
ville, to see Colonel .\nderson in regard to 
the appointment of a surveyor, and on their 
way stopped several days with Samuel Gal- 
1< way. then living on ^IcConnell's Run, in 
Kentuckv. where Robert Armstrong 




preached. While tliere they hecanie ac- 
quainted with him, and joined in tlie com- 
munion of the Lord's Supper, after which 
resuming their journey, tiiey reached Louis- 
ville, and throug-h the influence of his fa- 
ther and his uncle, George Pomro\-, James 
Galloway Jr., received the appointment. On 
their return they again tarried with Sanuicl 
(jailoway, and meeting Mr. .\rmstrong, 
they urgently invited him to come to Ohio 
and preach ; to which he agreed, on condi- 
tion that it was the desire of the peo])le 
there. When they reached home, thev con- 
sulted the jjeople, and the desire being 
unaninn Us. James Galloway, Jr., was sent 
to Kentucky to bring him here. Writing to 
his brother George to meet hini in Davton 
and pilot himi to the settlements, he started, 
in company with .Mr. Ai-mstrong, and trav- 
eled along the road cut by General Wayne 
from Cincinnati, arrived here in safety and 
soon began his labors preaching at the house 
of James Galloway, Sr., to the following 
families : Matthew Ouinn, Alexander 
l-"(irl>es, William Jenkins. Elias Bromagen, 
Widoiw Criswell (who had united with his 
church in Kentucky and came to Ohio in 
1801), Alexander McCoy and sons, John 
and James Stevenson, Thomas and John 
Townsley, George and James Galloway, and. 
perhaps a few others. He also preached 
at Sugarcreek, at the honse of James 
Clancy, on the present site of Bellbrock. 
.Vmong his congregation were John and Jo- 
seph C. McKnight, Josqih \'ance ( father of 
Governor \'ance) and his brother. Captain 
Lanil). Williami Tanner, the Snodgrasses, 
two Sncwdens, Van Eaton and several 
others. A few of these were members of 
the Associate Refcmied and Presbyterian 
churches, but all were glad tO' listen to ^Ir. 
Anustrcng. During his stav here he was 

urgently solicited toi remain as permanent 
pastor. This he neither agreed nor refused 
to do, but stated that he was dissatisfied 
with Kentucky on account of sla\-ery. He 
also stated that if he cotild persuade his 
congregation to emigrate with him, he 
would come, provided he recei\-ed a call. .\ 
petition was straightway presented to the 
-Vssociate Presbytery of Kentucky, by 
James Galloiway, Jr., which was granted, 
and Rev. Andrewt Fulton was appointed 
moderator in the call. Shortly after his 
ap{ji)intmjent he preached in James Gallo- 
way's barn, and baptized his son Anthony 
and daughter Ann, the first baptism by this 
church in the coa.uit}-, date September i, 

In August, 1803. Colonel James Mor- 
ri>w, with (piite a number of others, mem- 
bers of Mr. Annstrong's congregation in 
Kentucky, came to this county to locate 
land. They miade their camp and passed the 
Sabbath near a spring on the edge of the 
prairie at Old ToAvn. There seems tO' have 
been a mutual feeling O'f discontent on the 
part oif ]\lr. Armstrong and his people, in 
reference to the workings of the slave sys- 
tem. The encroachments and domineering 
spirit of slavery and slaveholders were al- 
read)- being felt. Ohio', the first born oi 
the ordinance of 1787, was a free state. 
The movement of the people here, seconded 
bv the people there, mutually cjutributed to 
the accomplishment of the same end. Col- 
onel Morrow- and his associates succeeded 
in locating lands in the fertile region of 
i\Iassie"s creek and Sugar creek, and, with 
others, mpved to them in the spring of i8o|. 
The call for M'r. Armstrong was made in 
-due fi nui, and John McKnight. of Sugar- 
creek, and James Galloiway, Sr., were ap- 
pointed ci 'umiissicners by the congregation 



to lay it before the presbytery of Kentucky, 
and urge its acceptance. Tlie call was pre- 
sented and accepted, and Air. Armstrong 
in-umediatel}' set about making preparations 
for his new field of labor. He had been 
nKirried two years pre\iously to Miss Nancy 
Andrew. He and his wife set out on horse- 
back to visit her father's people, who >'\ed 
near Xasiu ille. Tennessee. In October 
thev again started for their old home in 
Kentucky and their new. one in Ohio. It 
was arranged to take Mrs. Armstrong's 
brother Hugh, with them, then a lad of 
some ten years of age. A small saddle was 
made and placed on the horse, behind Mr. 
Armstrong, on which young Hugh rode to 
Kentucky. On their arrival at Mr. Ami- 
strong's hom|e in Kentucky, they were met 
by William Gowdy. w'ho lived near Alpha, 
who had l:)een delegated with a four-horse 
team to bring Mr. Armstrong's household 
goods, books, etc, Mr. Annstrong and his 
Vvife made the journey on horseback, whde 
ycvim'g Hugh was assigned to the wagon 
with Gowdy. We may as well state right 
here, that the yoimg Hugh spoken of is the 
same Hugh we have with us, and who is 
perhaps with a single exceptioir the oldest 
citizen of the county, and to whom we are 
indelited for infonnation that otherwise 
would be inaccessible. Mr. Armstrong 
ami wife reached their destination sev- 
eral days in advance of the wagon. 
Thev stopped at Mr. James Galloway, 
Sr.'s. and were liis guests through the 
winter. On the arrival of the wagon, 
young Hugh, not exactly liking the looks 
of things, asked and obtained leave to 
return with Mr. Gowdy to his residence. 
Mr. Gowdy was a young miarried man nt 
this time, while his father's family lived 
near. In his father's familv were two 

daughters. Xancy and Ann. To the latter 
a yoimg man by the name of James Bull had 
been for some time paying his respects, and 
the happy couple were alxmt to unite their 
destinies in the bonds of matrimlony. Great 
preparations were made foi" the important 
event. Says Air. Andrew, everybody was 
there, fron^ Den to Beersheba, and he sup- 
poses that there were at least one hundred 
guests. Mr. Armstrong performed the 
ceremnny, which is supposed to have been 
the first marriage in the county. .\s the 
result oi this m|arriage we have Mr. Will- 
iam and John Bull; Mrs. Susanna, wife of 
Mr. James TurnbuU ; Mrs. Alargaret, wife 
of James Hopping, Esq. : James Law, Rob- 
ert Scott, Amos and Rankin Bull. The 
oldest is alx>ut seventy-two years of age, 
while the )Oungest is fifty-two. Re\'. James 
Law Bull is a L'nited Presbyterian minister 
in the west. The rest, except John, are, and 
always have been, citizens of the cotmty. 
All early in life made a public profession of 
religion and united with the Associate 
Presbyterian congregation of Massies- 
creek, and all are now members of the 
L'nited Presbyterian church except John, 
who passed from! earth in 1834. 

Mr. Bull was a c]uiet and good citizen, 
a member oi the Presbyterian church, and 
in the \anguard of refonn in his da\' 
and generation. As early as 1820 he re- 
solved to discontinue the use of whisky in 
his harvest field. In this he was joined by 
his neighbor, George Townsley, Esq. This 
put them ti> some incon\enience, as men 
would come and go again as soon as they 
found they were not to get any whisky. 
Har\'esting in that day was a slow process, 
as the grain was all cut with a hand-sickle. 
One-half acre, reaped and bonnd, was a 
day's work, though seme experts put up an 



acre. Afterward cradles came into use. and 
now c\-erylx)dy knuiws how grain is cur. 
Mr. Bull was torn in 1776, and died in 
1872, lacking- only f<iur years of being a 
centenarian. His wife dieil in 1836. 

In the spring of 1805, Mr. Armstrong. 
iiaving c<;m])leted his log cal>in, with stone 
chinniey, <in the tract of land purcha.sed oi 
Mr. Galloway (as before stated), located 
in his new honiie. His duties were mani- 
fold and anhuxis. In addition to his regu- 
lar laboTS as pastor of a congregation, in 
preparing two- sermcjns for each Sal>l>ath, 
necessarily much time would have to be de- 
voted t(v secular matters. A new fann was 
to be opened up and improved ; family visi- 
tation and catechistical instructions must 
not ]>e neglected: meetings (if presbytery 
and synod nnist be attended, although often 
several hundred miles away — long and 
tedious journeys to be made on horselrack. 
All this wo^1ld seem' to require a pretty act- 
i\e life. With all his manifuld labors, we 
ha\e never heard that there was any com- 
]>laint oi dereliction in duty, but. on the con- 
trary, that his semiions were well prepared 
and forcibly delivered, and that his congre- 
gations, possessing" more than ordinary in- 
telligence, were edified and instructed. Mr. 
Armstrong had two< places of preaching, one 
on Massie's creek and tiie other on Caesar's 
creek. Massies creek, the nearest place of 
preaching, was some three or four niiles 
from his residence, which he usually 
walked. But as the river was between his 
home and place of preaching, high water 
sometimes presented an obstacle not so 
easily overcome. But in- this, as in other 
mtitters, he was enabled to' devise an ex- 
pedient which answered every purpose, ex- 
cept in extremely high water. He ha<l a 
pair of stilts on which he used to cross, it 

is said, with great circumspection. His 
other pilace oi preaching was some twelve 
niiles distant. As time passed his worldly 
circumstances improved. His farm was 
being opened up. Stock was accumulating 
around him. In his inexperience in farming 
operations, he frequently foimd the knowl- 
edge and services of his old friend and 
patron, James Gailloway, Sr., of great \alue. 
As they were neighbors. Mr. Galloway was 
frequently consulted. On one occasion he 
had a horse bitten by a rattlesnake, which 
Mr. Galloway readily cured by the applica- 
tion oif a weed that is said tO' exist where 
snakes abound. 

In the year 1805 another of those 
grand weddingSi appeared at the house of 
Squire George Galloway. The parties were 
James Stephenson and Anna Gallo^w-ay, 
half-sister to the Squire. Tilie guests were 
nnmerons, soi much so that accommodations 
could not be foimd within, and a large log 
heap was built without. Mr. Stephenson 
was the ]>arty who donated the ground for 
the church and cemetery. He. with his 
brother John, had settled in the Stephen- 
son neigh Ixirhood as early as the year 1797, 
the year preceding the settling of the Gallo- 

January 6, 1806. James Galloway. Jr., 
or Major GalloA\ay as you please, and Mar- 
tha Townsley were married by Rev. Joshua 
Carman. In 1809 the Major built a fine 
brick residence a short distance west O'f the 
Fairfield pike, on the fann at present o-wned 
by Mr. Joseph Collins. Man}- will no douiat 
remember seeing this brick Iniilding stand- 
ing out in the field as they passed along the 
pike. In the followiing year James Gallo- 
w-av, Sr., luiilt the stone house (which is 
still stai-iding) on the Yellow Springs pike, 
but its use is perverted toi that oif a stal)le. 



In the chimney of this building there was a 
date-stone marked 1810. This stune has 
been removed and inserted in the rear end 
of the Galloway building in Xenia, in their 
late im'pruA-ement. On the 27th nf June. 
I Si 2, a terrible tornado passed over this 
section if ctuntry. extending several miles 
in length and about half a mile in width, 
lea\ing scarcely a tree or shrul) in its track. 
A portion <;f the Major's brick ntansiou was 
blown d< iwn and the balance of the building 
left in a \'ery unsafe condition till rebuilt 
and repaired. In 1813, probably, George 
(jalloway (usually designated Pennsylvania 
George) and Rebecca Galloway, oldest 
daughter of James Galloway, Sr., w ere mar- 
ried, ^liss Galloway had had a fonner 
suitor, which she rejected, who was no less 
a personage than the distinguished Tecum- 
seh. He had been a frequent visitor in the 
family and took a wonderful liking to the 
white girl and, according tO' the Indian cus- 
tom, made his advances to the father, 
who referred the case to tlie daugliter. 
The undaunted chief appealed tO' the girl 
herself, cffering her lifty broaches of silver. 
She told him she didn't want to be a wild 
woman ar.d work like the Indian woniien. 
He told her she need not work. Notwith- 
standing the rejection of his suit, he ever 
after remained friendly with the family, 
though he was sometimes found to be rather 
a tough customer. On one occasion, when 
at the shop of blacksmith James Galloway, 
and being under the influence of whisky, 
he proved to be rather annoying, when 
Galloway took him. much to the disgust of 
the chieftain, and tied himi to a tree till he 
got more sober and quiet. 

In the year 1814 Rev. Armstromg sold 
his first i>urchase to Samuel Goe. and 
bought lands on the other side of the ri\er. 

in order to avoid the dilticulties so often ex- 
perienced by high waters. About the same 
time a new congregation was organized in 
Xenia, and !Mr. Armstrong having been re- 
leased from the Sugarcreek branch of his 
congregation, the two united in a call for 
the Rev. Francis Pringle, Jr., who was set- 
tled in the united charge of Xenia and 
Sugarcreek. This left ]\Ir. Armstrong in 
charge oif the Massiescreek congregation 
alone, and jjerhaps no pastor in the entire 
county has, at an_\- time, presided over a 
more intelligent congregation in the history 
of the county. Several of its members were 
at different times called to fultiU in^purtant 
positions of honor and public trust. Col. 
James ^lorrow served se\-eral years as 
county commissioner and as member of the 
lower house of the legislature. Joseph 
Kyle also served several terms in the legis- 
lature. Judge Samuel Kyle was an asso- 
ciate judge for thirty-five consecutive years. 
Robert ]\loody was one whose cool and clear 
judgiuent was surpassed by few ; David 
Jackson was a man of intellectual power ; 
Thomas Raugh had a clear and penetrating 
mind ; and the same can be said of the ^Ic- 
Coys, Laugheads, }iIcHattons, Andersons, 
Greggs. Browns, Bradfutes Collins, Kings, 
Turnbulls, Deans, Gibsons, Andrews, Jun- 
kins. Bulls. Galloways and Stnithers. 


The main portion of the house occupied 
by J\Ir. Andrew Holland, with two enor- 
mous stone chimneys, was built in the year 
1800 by George Galloway, Esq. It was 
built with logs and weather-boarded. In 
this ^Ir. Armstrong ministered through the 
winter of 1804 and 1805. 

Subsequently "a church was built on a 



lot of three acres donated bv Mr. lames 
Stevenson for cliurcii and cemetery pur- 
poses." (For description of same see An- 
drew Gallo'way's sketch. ) Thus these good 
old seceders continued t(; worshi]) till about 
the year 1812 or 1813, when they built a 
larger, nobler and more comfortable house 
of hewed logs a short distance from the 
first. In the building of this lunise the la- 
bor was di\'ided up among the members of 
the congregation. Mr. Armstrong was to 
furnish a gallon of whisky and Sfpiire^ 
Cieorge Galloway was to haul the logs, 
which had to be done with oxen. For some 
reason the stpiire coiddn"t manage the oxen 
very well, and employed a wicked gentile to 
take his place, who attributed the Squire's 
want of success to the fact that he didn't 
swear. How'ever this may ha\c been in re- 
gard to the driving of us.en. profane swear- 
ing became a violation r.f law — hunmn and 
divine — and the Squire, from a double sense 
of dut_\-, faithfully inllicted its penalties on 
its perpetrators. On one cjccasion a vio- 
lator of this law was fined fifty cents, ami 
gave a dollar in payment of his line; but 
the Squire being unable to m'ake change, the 
perpetrator let O'ff with another oath. 
"There," said the Squire, "that makes the 

Through the above contributions we 
have been enabled to give the names of 
many settlers from 1800 to 1805. We shall 
start from this period with the name of 
John Todd, who' emigrated from Virginia 
m 1780, first tO' Xashville, Tennessee, then 
froni Nashville to Xenia in 1805, followed 
in September, 1806, l>v his son-in-law, 
Henry Philips, wife, and Rebecca, daughter 
of Mr. Todd. ^Ir. Todd and family li\-ed 
in a hewed-lijg hmise, on Main street a little 
east of the old To-wler cabin, in which 

Philifjs and others succeeding him kept a 
tavern as late as 1820. In June, 1807, Dr. 
Andrew W. Davisson and Rebecca Todd 
were married by William McFarland, jus- 
tice of the peace. Dr. Davisson was the first 
physician in Xenia. He also built the first 
brick house in Xenia, in 181 1, on Main 
street, near the site of B. Knox's saddler 
shop: and in 1814 the first stone house was 
built I)y him on Main street. Doctor and 
Mrs. Davisson were members of the old 
seceder congregation under Francis Pringle 
in i8ii. She died in Chicago in 1870, at 
the age of eighty. 


During the initial steps toward educa- 
tional advancement in this county the facili- 
ties for literary attainments were not so 
varied as are thrown around the youth of 
to-day. Following our cicerone along a 
blazed path through the woods to the old 
log school house; rapping, a voice froni the 
far interior says, "Come in;" we pull the 
latch string, enter, and, at the request of 
the "master," settle down upon a puncheon 
bench, the cynosure of all eyes. The first 
thing we observe is that nearly the whole 
end of the house is occupied by a fireplace, 
within whose cajxicious depths the crack- 
ling blaze sends forth light, heat and cheer- 
fulness. Our gaze being attracted to the 
outside, we look, not throiigh French plate, 
but a hole made by sawing out a log and re- 
placing it with paper greased with lard. 
Our attention is recalled by a shrill voice. 
"Master, mayn't I git a drink?" The urchin 
goes to the bivcket sitting on a bench near 
the door, takes the tin from the accustomed 
peg, dips it full, drinks a few sips, holding 
it over the bucket mleanwhile. pours the bal- 
ance back, looks anjund awhile, goes back 



to liis seat, and. with his dog's-eared book 
close to Ills face, is soon lost in study. We 
observe tlie benches are made out of flat 
rails and puncheons, with wooden pins in 
tliem for legs ; backs, they ha\-e none. The 
"master" has a talkie, made by driving pins 
in the wall and placing hewed puncheons on 
top of them. Under each window a similar 
contri\ance accommpdate.S! the scholars. 

While examining these unique writing- 
desks we are again startled by a sharp cry, 
apparently in agony, of, "Master, please 
mayn't I go out?" Consent is given, and 
the boy hurriedly mpves toward the door. 
pausing to take down a crooked stick and 
carry- it out the door with himi. Our curi- 
osity is excited, and while the master's back 
is turned we ask a Ijig, white-headed boy 
near us what it is for, who, opening his 
mouth wide and staring at us in blank 
amazement, says, "No other boy don't darst 
go out while that stick is gone." 

As incentives to close application to 
studv. we observe a rule, of about a i)otmd 
in weight, and a formidable-looking beechen 
rod, whose acquaintance e\ery boy in school 
has long ago formed. Dihvorth's Arithme- 
tic. Webster's Spelling-book and the Testa- 
ment were the text-books. It seemed to be 
an expressly settled fact that during a reci- 
tation a boy could get up a better spirit of 
inspiration by stenatorian competition with 
his fellows ; and in the spelling class the boy 
could spell the loudest should stand head. 
It was interesting to see the toys at the end 
of the bench, standing on tiptoe' with every 
mluscle in a cpiiver, waiting for the master 
to say "noon." in order to get out first and 
raise the biggest yell. 


The historv of the mfinners and customs 

of our forefathers will appear like a collec- 
tion O'f "tales of O'lden times." It is a 
hooiely narrative, yet \-aluable on account of 
its being real history. 

"Tlien the wC'men did tlie offices of the 
household; milked' the cows, cooked the 
mess, prepared the flax, spun, wo\-e and 
made the garments of linen or linsey ; the 
men hunted, and brought in the meat ; they 
planted, phnighed ami gathered in the corn; 
grinding it into meal at the hand-mill or 
pounding it into hominy in the m 'rtar was 
occasionally the work O'f either or the joint 
lalxjr of both. 

"The men exjiosed themseh'es alone to 
danger; they fought the Indians, they 
cleared the land, they reared the hut or built 
the fort, in which the wom'en were placed 
for safety. ^luch use was made of skins 
of deer for dress, while the buft'alo and bear 
skins were consigned to the floor for beds 
and covering. There might incidentally be 
a few articles brought to the country for 
sale in a private way but there was no store 
for sui>i3ly. Wooden vessels either turned 
or coopered, were in common use as table 

"A tin' cup was an article of delicate 
luxur)-, almost as rare as an iron fork. 
E\-ery hunter carried his knife; it was no 
less the implement of a warrior; not infre- 
quentlv the rest of the family was left with, 
but one or two for the use of all. A like 
workmlanship coniposed the table and the 
stool: a slab hewed with the axe. and sticks 
of a similar manufacture, set in for legs, 
supported both. When the bed was, by 
chance or refinenxent, elevated alx>ve the 
floor and given' a fixed place, it was often 
laid on slabs placed across poles, supported 
on forks set in the earthen floor: or where 
the floor was puncheon the bedstead was 



liewed i)ieces pinned un ujiriglit posts ur let 
into them by auger holes. Other utensils 
and furniture were of a curresponding de- 
scri]rtinai applicable to the time. 

■■ llie food was of the most wholesome 
and n'Utriti\e kind. The riciiest milk, the 
finest butter ant! liest meat that ever de- 
lightetl nian."s palate were here eaten with a 
relish which health and labor only know. 
Those were shared by friend and stranger 
in e\ery cabin witli profuse hospitality. 

"Hats were miade of the native fur, and 
tlic buffalo wool employed in the com[x>si- 
tio'U of cloth, as was also the bark of the 
wild nettle. 

"There was some i)a)jer money iu the 
country, which had not depreciated one-half 
o^r even a fumth as miuch as it had at the 
seat of go\-ernment. if there was any gold 
or silver, its circulation was suppressed. 
The price of a ljea\cr hat was fi\e hundred 

"The hunting shirt was usually worn. 
Tliis was a kind of loose frock reaching half 
way down the tiiighs, with large sleeves, 
open before, and so wide as to' lap over a 
foot or more when beltetl. The cape was 
large and sometmies handsomely fringed 
with a raveled piece of cloth of a different 
ccTt from that oi the hunting shirt itself. 
Tlie bosomi of his ilress served as a wallet 
to hold a chunk of bread, cakes, jerk, tow 
for wiping the barrel of the rifle, or any 
other necessary fiT the hunter or warricjr. 
Tlie belt which was always tied behind 
answered se\'eral purposes besides that of 
holding the dress together. In cold weather 
the mittens and sometimes the bullet-bag, 
occupied the front part of it. To the right 
side was suspended the tomahawk, and to 
the left the scalping knife in its leathern 


"The hunting shirt was generally made 
of linsey, sometimes of coarse linen, and a 
few of dressed deer skins. These last were 
very cold and uncomfortalile in wet weathei'. 
The shirt and jacket were <.if the common 
fashioui. A pair of drawers, or breeches, 
and leggins, were the dress of the thighs 
and legs ; a pair of moccasins answered for 
the feet miuch better than shoes. These 
were made of dressed deer skin. They were 
mostly made of a single piece, with a 
gathering seam| along the top oi the foot 
and another from] the bottom o'f the heel, 
without gathers, as high as the ankle joint 
or a little higher. Flaps were left on eacii 
side to reach some 'distance up the legs. 
These were nicely adapted to the ankle and 
lower part of the leg by thongs of deer skin, 
so that noi dust, gravel or snow could get 
within the moccasin. 

"The moccasins in ordinary use cost but 
a few how's' lal>or toi make them. This was 
clone by an instrument deuominated a moc- 
casin awl, which was made of the back 
spring of an old clasp knife. This awl, with 
its Ijuck-horn handle, was an appendage of 
every shot pouch strap, together with a roll 
of buckskin for mending the moccasins. 
This was the labor of almost every evening. 
Thev were sewed together and patched with 
deer skiu thongs, or whangs, as they were 
con:(inonly called. 

"In cold weather the moccasins were 
well stuffed with deer's hair or dry leaves, 
so as to keep the feet contfortably warm ; 
but in wet weather it was usually said that 
wearing them was "a decent way of going- 
barefooted;" and such was the fact, owing 
to the spongy texture of the leather of 
which they were made. 

"Owing to this defective covering of the 
feet, more than to any other circumstance, 



the greater number of our liunters and war- 
riors were afflicted witli tlie rheumatism in 
tlieir limbs. Of this disease they were all 
apprehensi\e in cold or wet weather, and 
therefore always slept with their feet to the 
fire, to prevent or cure it as well as they 
could. The practice unquestionably had a 
very salutary effect, and prevented many of 
thenij from beconiiing coniirmed cripples in 
early life. 


"The fort consisted of caljins, block- 
houses and stockades. A range of cabins 
commonly formed one side at least of the 
fort. Divisions, or partitions of logs, sepa- 
rated the cabins from each other. The 
walls on the outside were ten or twelve feet 
liigh the slope of the roof being turned 
wholly inward. A ver\- few of these cabins 
had puncheon floors, the greater part were 

"The block-houses were built at the 
angles of the fnrt. They projected about 
two feet be\ond the outer walls O'f the cabins 
and stockades. Their u]5per stories were 
abmit eighteen inches every way larger in 
dimension than tlie under one, leaving an 
opening at the commencement of the sec- 
ond story tO' prevent the enemy fromi mak- 
ing a lodgement under their walls. In some 
forts instead of block-houses the angles of 
the fort were finished with l>astions. A 
large folding gate, made of thick slabs, 
nearest the s])ring. cli sed the fort. The 
stockade, bastions, cabins and block-house 
walls were furnished with jwrt-holes at 
proper heights and distances. The whole 
of the oiitside was made completely bullet 
proof. It may be truly said that necessity 
is the m«>ther of invention, for the whole of 

this work was made without the aid of a 
single nail or spike of iron, and for this 
reason, sucli things were not to be had. In 
some places, less exposed, a single block- 
house, with a cabin or two, constituted the 
whole fort. 

"For a long time after the first settle- 
ment of this country the inhabitants in gen- 
eral niarried yoimg. There was no dis- 
tinction of rank, and very little of fortune. 
On these accounts the first impression of 
lo\e resulted in marriage: and a family 
establishment cost but a little labor and 
nothing else. In the first year of the settle- 
ment of this country a wedding engaged 
the attention of a whole neighborhood, and 
the frolic was anticipated by old and young 
with eager expectation. This is not to be 
wondered at when it is told that a wedding 
was almost the only gathering which was 
not accompanied with the labor of reaping, 
log-rt)lling, building a cabin or planning 
some scout o^r campaign. 

"In the mi;irning of the wedding-day 
the groom and" his attendants assembled at 
the house of his father, for the purpose of 
reaching the mansion of his bride by noon, 
which was the usual time for celebrating 
the nuptials, which for certain must take 
place before dinner. Let the reader imagine 
an assemblage of people, without a store. 
tailor or mantuamaker within a hundred 
miles ; and an asseiublage of horses, with- 
out a blacksmith or saddler within an equal 
distance. Tlie gentlemen dressed in shoe- 
packs, m'ticcasins, leather breeches, leggings, 
linsev hunting-shirts, and all home made. 
The ladies dressed in linsey petticoats and 
linsev or linen bedgowns, coarse shoes, 
stockings, handkerchiefs and buckskin 
gloves, if any. If there were any buckles, 
rings, buttons or ruffles they were the relics 


2 I I 

of okl times, family pieces from parents or 
graiKlparents. The horses were caparisoned 
with okl saddles, old bridles, or halters, and 
pack-saddles, with a bag or blanket thrown 
over them; a roi>e or string as often con- 
stituted the girth as a piece of leather. 

"The march, in double tile was often in- 
terru[)ted by the narrowness and obstruc- 
tions of our horse-paths as they were called, 
for wc had no roads; and these difficulties 
were often increased, sometimes bv the 
good and sometimes by the ill will of 
neighlx>rs by falling trees and lying grape 
vines across the way. Sometimes an am- 
Iniscade was formed by the waxside, and an 
une.xiiected discharge of several guns took 
place, so as to ewer the wedding company 
with smoke. Let the reader im'agine the 
scene which followed this discharge: tiie 
sudden spring of the horses, the shrieks of 
the girls and the chivalric bustle of their 
partners to save them from falling. Some- 
times in spite of all that could be done to 
prevent it, sfjme were thrown to the gromid. 
If a wrist, ellxjw or ankle hai)pened to be 
sprained it was tied with a handkerchief 
and little more was thought or said alxnit it. 
■'.\ ceremony commonly to<,ik 
place before the party readied the house of 
the bride, after the practice of making 
whisky l>egan, which was at an early period. 
When the party were alxmt a mile from the 
place of the destination two young men 
would single out to run for the bottle. The 
worse the jKith. the more U>gs, brush and 
deep lio'llows, the ])ctter, as these obstacles 
afforded an oip])ortunity for the greater dis- 
play of intrepidity and horsemanship. The 
Englisli fox chase, in point of danger to the 
riders and their horses, is nothing to this 
race for the lx>ttle. Tlie start was an- 
nounced bv an Indian veil; logs, lirnsh. 

muddy liollows, hill and glen were speedily 
passed by the rival ponies. The bottle was 
always filled for the occasion, so that there 
was no use for judges ; for the first who 
reached the doer was presented with the 
prize, with which he returned in triumph 
to the company. 

"On approaching them he announced 
iiis victory over his rival by a shrill whoop. 
At the head of the troop he gave the IxJttle 
to the groom and his attendants, and then 
to each pair in succession to the rear of the 
line, giving each a dram, ami then putting 
the bottle in the bosom of his liunting-shirt, 
took his station in the company. 

"The ceremony of the marriage pre- 
ceded the dinner, which was a substantial 
backwoods feast of beef, pork, fowls, and 
sometimes venison and l>ear meat, roasted 
and boiled, with plenty of ]iotatoes, 
and other vegetables. During the dinner 
the greatest hilarity always prevailed, al- 
thoaigh the table might be a large slab of 
tiniiber, hewed out with a broadaxe, sup- 
l^orted l)y four sticks set in auger holes, and 
the furniture some old pewter dishes and 
plates, the rest wotxlen bo-wls and trenchers; 
a few pewter spoons, much battered about 
the edges, were to be seen at some tables. 
Tlie rest were made of horns. If knives 
were scarce the deficiency was made up by 
the scaljmig knives which were carried in 
sheaths suspended to the belt of the hunt- 

"After dinner the dancing commenced, 
and generally lasted till the next morning. 
The figures of the dances were three and 
fcnir-handed reels, or square sets, and jigs. 
The comimencement was always a square 
four, which was followed by what is called 
jigging it off; that is. two of the four would 
sinale out for a jig, and were followed by 

2 12 


tlie remaining" couple. The jigs were often 
accompanied with wliat was called cutting 
out; that is, when either of the parties be- 
came lired of the dance, on intiniatimi. the 
pface was supplied by some one of the com- 
pany, without any interruption of the dance. 
In this way a daiKe was often continued 
till the musician was heartily tired of his sit- 
uation. Toward the latter part of the night, 
if any of the company, through weariness, 
attempted to conceal themselves, for the 
pur])ose of sleei>ing, they were hunted up, 
jjaraded lju the floor and the tiddler ordered 
to plav "Hang on till tomorrow morning." 


".Vbont nine or ten o'clock a deputation 
of the young- ladies stole off the bride and 
l)ut her to bed. In doing this, it frequently 
happened that they had tO' ascend a ladder 
instead of a pair of stairs, leading from 
the dining and' ball room) to the loft, the 
floor of which was mlade of clapboards, ly- 
ing loose and without nails. This ascent, 
one might think, would put the bride and 
her attendants to blush, but as the foot of 
the ladder was commonly behind the door, 
which was purposely opened for the occa- 
sion, and its ro>unds at the inner ends were 
well hung with hunting shirts, petticoats 
and other articles of clothing, the candles 
being on the opposite side of the house, the 
e.xit of the britle was noticed but by few. 


"This done, a deputation of young men 
in like manner stole off the grcKim. and 
placed him snugly by the side of his bride. 
The dance still continued, and if seats hap- 
pened to be scarce, which was often the 

case, every young man, when not engaged 
in the dance, was obliged to offer his lap <;s 
a seat for one of the girls, and the offer was 
sure tO' be accepted. 

"In the midst oi this hilarity the bride 
and groom were not forgotten. Pretty late 
in the night some one womld remjind the 
company that the new couple must stand in 
need of some refreshment; black betty, 
which was the name of the bottle, was 
called for, and sent up the ladder, but some- 
times black betty did not go alone. I have 
many times seen as much bread, beef, pork 
and cabbage sent along with her, as would 
afford a good meal for half a dozen hungry 
nfen. The young couple were compelled to 
eat and drink, more or less, of whatever 
was offered them. It often happened that 
some neighbors or relatives, not being 
asked to^ the wedding", took offense, and 
the mode of revenge adapted by them' on 
such occasions was that of cutting off the 
mpnes, foretops and tails of the horses of 
the wedding company.. 


"1 will proceed to state the usual man- 
ner of settling a young couple in the world. 
A spot was selected on a piece of land of one 
of the parents for their habitation. .\ day 
was appointed, shortly after their marriage, 
for commencing the work of building" their 
cabin. The fatigue party consisted of chop- 
pers, whose business it was to fell the trees 
and cut them off at proper lengths; a man 
with a team for hauling" them to the place 
and arranging them, properly assortcil. at 
the sides and' ends of the building; a car- 
penter, if such he might be called, whose 
business it was to search the woods for a 
])roi)er tree for making clapboards for the 



roof. Tlie tree fur this i)uri)ose iiijglit be 
straight grained and from three to four 
feet in diameter. The boards were split 
four feet lung, with a large frow, and as 
wide as the timber would allow. They were 
used without planing or shaving. Another 
division was employed in getting punch- 
eons for the flour of the cal)in; this was 
done by splitting trees alxxit eighteen inches 
in dianieter and hewing the faces of them 
witli a broadaxe. They were half the 
length of the floor they were intended to 

THE Bfll.DI.Ni; OF Tl I li C.\BI\. 

"The materials for the cabin were niost- 
1\' prepared on the first day, and sometimes 
the foundation laid in the evening. The 
second day was allotted iur the raising. 
The first thing tO' be done was the election 
of four corner men, whose business it was to 
notch and ])lace the logs. The rest of the 
company furnished them with the timbers. 
In the nicantinie tiie boards and puncheons 
were collecting for the floor and roof, so 
that by the time the cabin was a few rounds 
high the sleepers and floor began to be laid. 
The door was made by sawing or cutting 
the logs in one side, so as to make an open- 
ing about three feet wide. This opening 
was secured by upright pieces of timber, 
about three inches thick, through which 
holes were bored into the ends of the logs, 
for the ])ur])Ose of pinning them fast. A 
similar opening, but wider, was made at the 
end for the chimney. This was built of 
logs, and made large to admit of a back 
and jamibs of stone. At the scpiare. two end 
logs projected a foot or eighteen inches be- 
yond the wall, to receive the bunting poles, 
as they were called, against which the ends 

of tlie first row of clapboards were sup- 
ported. The roof was formied by making 
the end logs shorter until a single log 
formed the comb of the roof ; on these logs 
the clapboards were placed, the ranges of 
them lapping some distance over those next 
below themi, and kept in their places by logs 
placed at proper distances upon them. 

"The roof, and sometimes the floor, were 
finished on the same day of the raising. 
A third day was commonly spent by a few 
carpenters in leveling ofif the floor, making 
a clai)board door and a table. This last was 
made of a split slab and supported by four 
round logs set in auger holes. Some three 
legged stools were made in the same man- 
ner. Some pins stuck in the logs at the 
back of the house supported some clap- 
boards, which served for shelves for the 
table furniture. A single fork, placed with 
its lower end in a hole ill the floor and the 
upper end fastened to a joist, served for a 
bedstead, liy ]3lacing a pole in the fork with 
one end through a crack between the logs 
of the wall. This front pole was crossed 
by a shorter one within the fork, with its 
outer end through another crack. From 
the front pole, through a crack between the 
logs of the end of the house, the boards were 
put on which formed tlie bottom of the 
bed. Sometimes other poles were pinned 
to the fork a little distance above these, 
for the purpose of supporting the front and 
foot of the bed, while the walls were the 
supports of its back and head. A few pegs 
around the wall for the display of the coats 
of the women and hunting shirts of the men, 
and two small forks or buckhorns to a joist 
for the rifle and slKj'tpoucli. completed the 
'carpenter work. 

"In the meantime masons were at work. 
\\'itli the hard pieces of timber of wliich 



the ciaplioards were made, they matle bil- 
lets for chunking up the cracks between the 
logs of the cabin and chimney — a large bed 
of niurtar was made for daubing up those 
cracks : a few stones formed the back and 
jambs of the chimney. 

"The cabin being finished, the ceremony 
of house-warming took place, before the 
young people were permitted to move into 
it. The house-warming was a dance of a 
whole night's continuance made up of the; 
relations of the Ijride and groom, and their 
neiglibors. On the day following the young 
couple took possession of their new man- 

".-\t house raisings, log rollings and har- 
vest parties every one was expected to do 
his duty faithfully. A person who did not 
perform a share of labor on these occasions 
was designated by the epithet of 'Law- 
rence,' or soniie other title still more op- 
probrious ; and when it came his turn to re- 
quire t!ie like aid from his neighbors, the 
idler soon felt his punishment in their re- 
fusat to attend to his calls. 

'".Mtliough there was ni> legal compul- 
sion to the performance of military duty, 
yet every man of full age and size was ex- 
pected to do his full share of public senice. 
If he did not do so he was 'hated out as a 
coward.' Even the want of any article of 
war e(|uipments. such as animiuiition, a 
sharp llint, a primiing wire, a scalping knife 
or a tomahawk, was thought highly dis- 
graceful. A man who without a reasonable 
cause failed to go on a scout or a cam[)aign 
when it came to his turn, met with an ex- 
pression of indignation in the countenances 
of all his neighbors, and epithets of dis- 
honor were fastened upon him without 

"JJebts. whicli make such an uproar in 

civili;;ed life, were but little known anient:^ 
oiu' forefathers at the early settlement of 
this country. After the depreciation of the 
continental paper they had no money of 
any kind : everythmg purchased was paiil 
for in prixluce or labor. .\ good cow and 
calf was often the price of a bushel of alum 
salt. If ihe contract was not punctually 
fulfilled the credit of the delinquent was at 
an end. 

"Any petty theft was ]junished witii 
all the infamy that could be heaped on the 
offender. A man on a campaign stole from 
his comrade a cake out of the ashes, in 
which it was baking: he was imanediately 
named "The bread rounds.' This epithet of 
reproach was bandied about in this way : 
When he came in sight of a group of men. 
one of them would call "NMro comes there:' 
Another would answer, 'The bread 
rounds.' If any one meant to be more seri- 
ous about the matter he would call out. 
'Who stole the cake oirt of the ashes?" An- 
other replied, by- giving the name of the 
man in full; toi this a third would give con- 
firmation by exclaimjng, 'That is true and 
no lie.' This kind of 'tongue-lashing' he 
was doomed to bear for the rest of the cam- 
paign, as well as for years after his return 

"If a theft was detected in any of the 
frontier settlements a sumntary mode of 
punislimenl was always resorted to. The 
first settlers, as far as I knew of them, had 
a kind of innate or hereditary detestation 
of the crime of theft, in any shape or de- 
gree, and their maxim was that 'a thief 
must be whip])ed." If the theft w-as some- 
thing of value, a kind of jury of the neigh- 
borhood, after hearing the testimony, would 
condemn the cul])rit to Moses' Law. that 
is. to ft rty stripes, save "one. If tlie theft 



was of some small article, the offeuder was 
doomed to carry on his back the flag of the 
United States, which then coaisisted of 
thirteen stripes. In either case, some able 
hands were selected to execute the sentence, 
so that the stripes were sure to be well laid 
on. This punishment was followed by a 
sentence of exile. He was then informed 
that he nnist ilecamp in so many days, and 
be seen no- mo^re on penalty of having the 
number of his stripes doubled. 

"If a woman was given to tattling and 
slandering her neigiibors, she was furnished 
by common consent with a kind of patent 
right to say whatever she pleased without 
being be!ie\etl. Her tongue was then said 
to be hannless or to be no scandal. 

"With all their rudeness these people 
were given toi hospitality, and freely divid- 
ed tlieir rough fare with a neighbor or 
stranger, and would have been offended at 
the offer of pay. In their settlements and 
forts they lived, they worked, they fought 
and feasted, or suffered together in cordial 
harmony. They w ere warm and constant in 
their friendships. On the other hand they 
were revengeful in their resentments ; the 
point <if honor sometimes led to personal 
combats. If one man called another a liar, 
he was considered as having given a chal- 
lenge which the person who received it 
must accept or be deemed a coward: the 
charge was generally answered on the spot 
with a blow. If the injured person was 
decidedly unable to fight the aggressor, he 
must get a friend to do it for him. The 
samie thing took place on a charge of cow- 
ardice, or any other dishonorable action, a 
battle must follow. an<l the person who 
made the charge nnist fight either the per- 
son against \\\vm he made the charge, or 
any champion who chose to espouse his 

cause. Thus circumstanced, our people in 
earl}- times were much more cautious of 
speaking evil of their neighbors than they 
are at present. 

"Scjraetimes pitched battles occurred, in 
which tinue, place and seconds were appoint- 
ed beforehand. I remember having seen 
one of those pitched battles in my father's 
fort, when a boy. One (_'f the young men 
knew veiy well beforehand that he should 
get the worst of the battle, and no dotibt 
repented the engagement to fight, but there 
was no getting over it. The [xy'mt of honor 
demanded the risk of Ijattle. He got his 
whipping; then they shook hands and were 
good friends afterward. The mode of 
single combats in those days was danger- 
ous in the extraue : althoiigh no weapoais 
were used, fists, teeth and feet were em- 
ploved at will : but above all. the detestable 
practice of gouging, by which eyes were 
sometimes put out, rendered this mjode of 
fighting frightful, indeed; it was not. how- 
ever, so destructive as the stiletto of an 
Italian, the knife of a Spaniard, the small 
sw'ord of a Frenchman, or the pistol oi an 
Aniierican or English duelist. 


"The ministry of the gospel has con- 
tributed, no doubt, immensely to the happy 
change which has been effected in the state 
of our western society. At an early period 
of our settlements, three Presbyterian cler- 
gymen commenced their clerical labors in 
our infant settlements. They were pious, 
patient, laborious men. who collected their 
people into regidar congregations, and did 
all for them that their circumstances would 
allow. It was no disparagement to them 
that their first churches were the shady 



gio\e.s, and their tirst pulpits a kind of tent, 
constructed of a few rough slal)s. covered 
with cla])l3ijar(ls. "He who dwellctli not ex- 
clusively in temples made with hands." was 
propitious- to their de\'Otions. From the 
outset they prudently resolved tO' create a 
ministry in the country, and accordingly 
established little grammar schools at their 
own htnises or in their immediate neighbor- 
hoods. Ilie course of education which 
they gave their pujails was, indeed, not ex- 
tensive but the piety of those who entered 
into the ministry more than made up the 


In the year 1807 I was two years old and 
came to Jamestown with my grandfather. 
We lived on the old Maysville and Urbana 
road, one-half mile from the present site 
of Jamiestown. On the south side of us. 
at Bowersville, li\ed a gentleman by the 
name of Hussey. His descendants are now- 
living in that neigh borbocxl. Harkness 
Turner settled one mnle from the town on 
General Posey's survey. Martin Menden- 
hall was prf)prietor of Jamestow-n; he 
owned the south side of th<: town, having 
one hundred and fifty acres of land. The 
north side of the tow-n was owned liy Thon-i- 
as Brow-der, who came from nld James- 
town, Virginia, which was the first white 
settlement in the United S'ates. James- 
t(.i\vn, Ohio, was named after this town. 
John Campljell came in the same year, and 
settled where Tcxi Sheley n .w- resides. Two 
miles north of Jamestown, the san-ie fall. 
Isaiah Sutton settled. Xorth of him settled 
"Granddaddy" Paullin. All of the Paullins 
of Ross township are descendants and live 
on the land be settled. These men were our 

neighl)ors, and when a house was raised 
people would come for miles around to help. 
John Sheley and fan-iily were neighbors 
and friends of Washington ; they came here 
from X'irginia in 1S07 and settled on land 
one-half mile below- town. The Shelev 
familv living here now are his descendants. 
Mr. Sheley and wife lived to be near one 
hundred years old. Xoah Strong, my 
grandfather, hauled the logs to build the 
first house that was Iniilt in Xenia. Son-ie 
of the logs were buckeye wood, and were 
hauled by old Buck and Brandy, the yoke 
of iixen brought fri im \'ernii;int. The bouse 
was afterward used as a tavern and kept 
by Major William A. Beatty. Tbe first 
person buried here was my little brother, 
Bushrotl. who lies in the present James- 
town cemetery. The second person buried 
was a colored woman brought from Y\v- 
ginia by Thomas Browder. In 18 14, on the 
14th and 15th days of March, niy grand- 
father and grandmother died of the "cold 
plague." which w^is then prevailing in the 
neighborhood. \\'ithin ten days, Uriah 
Paullin, Harkness Turner, Mr. Hussey and 
the Baptist minister's wife all died of the 
same dread disease. Reu1)en Strong was 
the first justice in Caesarscreek town- 
ship. I think Peter Price was the first in 
this townsliip. The tr^wn of Jamestown 
was surveyed in 1815, by Thomas P. Moor- 
man and Mr. Thomas, the Clinton county 
surveyor. The first house raised was the 
]5resent I'arker H(nel property, which was 
used as a tavern by Thomas Watson. The 
next house was built liy Dr. Matthias 
Winans, who used it as a store. He was 
the first ])hysician of the town, and was the 
father vi the late Judge Janies .-X. Winans. 
of Xenia. The next tavern keeper was 
Zina .\dams. the father of the .\dams Ixn-s 



nuw living here. The first Foiirtli of July 
celebration was held at this ta\ern in 1830. 
Seven old soldiers of the Revolutionary war 
were present. Among them was a man 
named .Allen, a relative of Ethan Allen of 
Revolntionary fame. His descendants now- 
live at .-Mlentown, Fayette county. Others 
present were Robert Snodgrass, Asa Reeve.s 
and Samuel W'ebl) ; the last named was pres- 
ent at the surrender of Cornwallis and saw 
that general hand his sword to General 
Washington. The names of the other three 
I do not recollect. We got two mails a 
week : they were brought by a post boy, 
who carried the mails from Xenia tO' Wash- 
ington. When he got within a mile of 
town he wiiulil IjIow his horn, which brought 
the people idgether. A tan yard was start- 
ed l)v John Miller and William Sterritt in 
1810. Jn ]8i2, on the 8th of January, the 
battle of Lunday's Lane was fought in Can- 
a(hi over two hundred miles away. When 
the battle was fought old AInrtin Menden- 
hall, whii was lying on the ground, heard 
tiic cannon roar of the battle. He was a 
great hunter and killed more deer and fo-und 
mi re wild honey than any other man. In 
i8[_'-i8i3 and 1814 the Shawnees, a friend- 
ly tribe of Indians, camped around here. 
1 often visited their camp and traded corn 
dodgers for venison ham. We baked our 
l)read in an O'ven on the coals. An old chief 
named Chieske, who w'as too old to be a 
warrior, lived with us and fromi him I 
learned to talk Indian. The first meeting 
house was built at the forks of the road, 
two and one-half miles south of town. It 
was a Ba]-)trst church. The first pastor was 
William Sutton. The first hatter in to-wn 
was Culies. The first tailor was F.phram 
Alunthaw, a German. 


Silvercreek lost an estimalile old citizen 
in the death of James Snodgrass. He was 
aiged eightv-seven years, seventy-nine of 
which were spent in Greene county. He 
served as a soldier in the war of 1812. He 
knew Springfield, Ohio, when three lo.g 
houses comprised what is now one of the 
most flourishing cities in Oliio. He served 
five years in the army in the war oif 181 2, 
was niiustered out of the service at Green 
Bav, Wisconsin, from which place he 
walked to his home in this place in 1819. He 
served under Captain Taylor, as he was wont 
to call him, who was the great soldier presi- 
dent, Zachary Taylor. He was in what is 
now known as the great city of Chicago 
when there was but one log ta\ern there and 
the garrison of the United States army, and 
was offered an acre of land anywhere he 
wished to select it for doing the work of 
erecting a house and for every house he 
would build. But he was an.xiotis to get 
home, wliere he had not been for years. 
He died in May, 1882, and is buried at 
Jamestown, Ohio. 


By John Cisco. 

j(jhn Mills was born in Mason, now 
Fleming county, Kentucky, in 1794. In 
April of the year 1796 his father, Jacob 
Mills, in comipatiy with Jolm Wilson and 
his three sons, Daniel, George and Amos, 
emigrated to- what w'as then the North- 
western Territory, settling in what is now 
the southwest corner of Greene, the north 
of \\'arren. and the southeast corner of 
Montgomerv ci:'unties. Air. John \\'ilson 



having purcliased a half section of land in 
Greene county, his sons, George, and Amos, 
a quarter section each in the same, while 
Daniel had a quarter section in .Montgom- 
ery, and Mr. Mills had a quarter section in 
Warren county, all adjoining. Upon sur- 
veying Air. Alills was given all the surplus 
land in his section making his purchase 
two hundred acres instead of one hundred 
and si.xty. This party of sturdy pioneers 
came first to their purchase by themselves 
to set things in shape for living, leaving 
their families behind in old Kentucky. They 
did siMiie little clearing, but not much, as 
the lantl was densely timl>ered and stub- 
born to yield tu cultivation, planting sonic 
corn, beans, pumpkins, etc., built a small 
cabin on the lands of John Wilson, which 
was the lirst iAW buill 1.)y civilized men in 
Greene cuunty. They then returned for their 
families, crossing the Ohio river with them 
at I""(irt Washington, now Cincinnati, anJi 
moved out over the road made by General 
Anthony Wayne the year before (1795J. 
when he was in command of the soldiers of 
this section, engaged in the last Indian war 
tliat ever occurred here. Their families and 
effects were conveyed in one wagon drawn 
by. an ox team, and on arri\al all five fam- 
ilies ntO'ved into one little cabin, while other 
hcnises were built l^y the joint labor of the 
men. The Wilsons were the first settlers 
of Greene county, and Jacob Mills the first 
tills side of Leijanon, Warren county. At 
or near Lel.ianon, Ichabod Cor win, father of 
Tom Corwin, "The old man eloquent," had 
settled the year before. The part of the 
county where the Wilsons had settled was 
called the 'AVilson settlement" for many 
years. And John Wilson was one of the 
sturdy men of sense whci had framed Ohio's 
first constitution. The ^^'ilsons and Jacob 

Mills took hold of the difficulties that con- 
fronted thenii with strong hands and brave 
hearts. They were upon ground and near 
good water, but in the heart of a dense for- 
est, where giant timber resisted their effort 
toi an extent almost beyond endurance, and 
they must ha\e failed to conquer had thev 
been compelled to depend cm the soil alone 
for subsistence, so long was it before tliey 
made clearings enough to sustain them, but 
the conntry thereabouts was full of game of 
all kinds, such as deer, wild turkeys, etc., 
that could' Ije killed at their very doors, 
thus furnishing them their meat, and that 
of mjost ncHirishing character. And so they 
were enabled to clear up and establisli 
humble yet comfortable homes, where now 
are Ijeautiful farms under perfect cultiva- 
tion. In the following spring John \'ance, 
father of Joseph C. Vance, to whomi Mr. 
Mills went tO' school, settled where Bell- 
brook now is, and shortly afterward Owen 
Davis, (ieneral Benjamin Whitman and Col- 
onel Maxwell and John Paul settled on 
Beaver creek, where Harbine's Station now 
is, and where Owen Da\is built the first 
mill e\'er built in Greene county, near the 
site of the present one. Shortly after this 
another settlement was made a short dis- 
tance above Owen Davis' mill, on Little 
Beaver creek, by Jobn John. John Webb 
and John Kiser : John Webb being the 
grandfather of Air. Alills. In 1805 Owen 
Da\'is Sold his mill to Jacob Smith and 
moved to where Clifton now is and built 
the first mill there on the site east of the 
present one. In those days the mills only 
ran twoi or three days in the week, as there 
was not grain enough raised in the country 
to supply thenii. notwithstanding men came 
forty or fifty miles to the Clifton miills. 
Air. Davis often started up and ground 



grists uii the Sabbatli day iV^r thuse vvhu 
came a lung distance. At one time his re- 
ligious neighljors protested and threatened 
Mr. Da\-is with prosecution, at which he 
tiild them that if they took any steps in 
that direction or mjade any miore such 
threats he would not grind annther grain 
for them. This settled the (piestion ; there 
was nothing more said. The absence of 
meal or Hour from their homes was a more 
jxrtent influence tlian their comi>unctions of 

In 1809 Mr. Mills moved his family 
from Warren to Greene comity, again set- 
tling in the woods, near the present site of 
Cliltnu. John Mills was at that time about 
fifteen years of age. Here the father and 
hi-- three sons, Jacob. Daniel and Thomas, 
again went to work and cleared a fann, en- 
during the hardships and exposure attend- 
ant on such a life with patience and cheer- 
fulness. 'I"'hey were often in company with 
the Indians who inhabited the county or 
came here on liuntmg excursions. Wolves, 
deer and other wild aniniials were plentiful 
in the vicinity, Init neighbors scarce. Jacob 
Mills was elected major of a militia regi- 
ment while he lived in Warren county, it 
being the first ever organized in the state. 
He was elected justice of the peace in Mi- 
ami township, and served in that capacity 
for nine years, during which time he mar- 
ried more people than ar.y justice in this 
part of the state. He lived to be eighty 
years of age and died in 1850. His wife, 
Mary :Mills. survived him nine years, being 
eighty-nine years of age when she passed 
away. In the fall of 1809 young Jobn ]\Iills 
came for the first time to Xenia to attend 
singing school taught by David Wilson, 
Daniel Wilson's oldest son, held in the court 
house, then bright and new, replaced by one 

wbich was torn down this year (1900). The 
young ladies in attendance were mostly at- 
tired in lunnespun dresses, but part of themi 
wore calico', which cost more per yard than 
sumimer silks do now. There were at that 
time not more than twenty-five or thirty 
houses in Xenia, all log but one frame dwell- 
ing and the court hcuise, which was brick. 
In front of wliere used to^ be the Secotid 
Xational Bank there was a pond, in which 
the geese and ducks were swimming and 
the 'hogs w^allowing. Opposite the court 
house Major Beatty w^as keeping tavern in 
a hewed-log house. Up Main street, where 
Trinity church now stands, Mr. Henry 
Barnes, grandfather oi the Barnes boys now 
living in Xenia, had' built him a log house 
in the woods. At a later period of the year 
Mr. Mills was in Xenia and saw a man 
.selling cider in front of the court house for 
twelve and one-half cents per quart. He 
had a fire built on one side oi a stump then 
standing in the street. As the cider was 
so cold that no one could drink it. he Would 
draw a quart and put a round, hot iron in 
it, which he kept heated for the purpose, so 
as to make the cider palatable. 

The first coin't held in Greene county 
was in a log cabin occupied by Peter 
Borders for a tavern, situated' near where 
Harbine's Station now is. The court was 
composed O'f Francis Dunlavey, president ; 
William Maxwell, Benjaniin Whitemau 
and James Barrett, associate judges. At 
the meeting of this court Peter Borders ob- 
tained license to keep tavern, as it jvas then 
called, but it meant to sell wiiiskey, which 
he did in the same room where the court was 
held. Tlius the first court room was the 
first whiskey saloon in Greene county. His- 
tory says this term oi court was in session 
three davs, the records showing that about 



all the business transacted was the licenshig 
of Peter Borders, Archibald Lowry and 
Griffith Foose to keep tavern, Peter Borders 
paying f(mr dollars iuv the privilege. Mr. 
Mills remembers that the court and the 
whiskey got mixed up and that there was a 
general melee, in which all hands took part 
in the old fashioned way. This may explain 
why there were but three days' session, a 
point in which history is silent. There 
were l>ut two sessions of the court held at 
Peter ISorders". Afterward Xenia was 
made the county seat, having to contend for 
it with a little town called Pinkney. that 
had sjirung up near the present site of Trei- 
bine's Mills with the hope of being made 
the countv seat. There is not one tin;ber 
left upun another of this once pretentious 
little toAvn. Mr. Mills saw it when there 
were some three or four buildings standing, 
tliDugh they were then rootless, windowless 
anil < i course tenantless, the lonely and de- 
caying monument of disappointed ambition. 
Mr. ^lills was not in Xenia from 1810 
unt'l 1812. at which time there were some 
soldiers stationed here. He describes the 
town as having grown wonderfully during 
that time; frame houses had gone up, and 
nice stores started, among which was the 
store of James and Samuel Gowdy and 
everywhere moiiey was plenty. "It was 
such a time as we had during our late war : 
but. Oh, look out for the hard times that 
followed," said Mr. Mills. ]\Ien talk about 
hard times now, but they don't know any- 
thing alxiut it. Then the very highest price 
for labor was froni fifty to seventy-five 
cents per day, and coiild not be obtained at 
that by a great many, while everything you 
Ixjught was from ten to twenty times higher 
than now. The material of the shirt in 
Avhich Mr. Mills was married cost one dol- 

lar per yard and was not so fine as the one 
which lie had on v>hen we talked with him, 
the material of which cost him but nine 
cents per yard. Salt having to be hauled 
fromi Cincinnati, three or four barrels mak- 
ing as mmch as four horses- could pull over 
the new roads, was four dollars per barrel, 
calico from sixty-two cents to one dollar 
per yard, coft'ee fifty cents per pound, tea 
three dollars per pound, and sugar thirty- 
t\\<i cents per pound. Mr. Mills was mar- 
ried in Clifton, in 1816, to Mrs. Elizabeth 
Stevenson, the daughter of William Steven- 
son, a Kentuckian, who was a cousin to 
the father oi Colonel Robert Stevenson. 
Mr. Mills remained about his father's farm, 
wurking and duing what became necessary 
until 1820, when he moved tO' some land he 
had bought in Fayette county, just over the 
line from Greene. He first went there with 
two or three m/en to assist in building a 
cabin and getting things ready for his fam- 
ily. They went into- the woods two miles 
from any habitation and camped out, doing 
their own cooking and washing until the 
cabin was completed. In February, that 
^■ear, he took his family, co-nsisting of his 
wife and three children, to their new home. 
The\- mo\ed on sleds, the snow being atout 
two feet deep. The next day after their 
arrival, while at dinner, a large flock of 
wild turkeys walked up to their door and 
Mr. Mills took down his gun and killed a 
verv large gobbler. The woods aroiuid the 
cabin abounded with game of all kinds. An 
occasional bear made its way into the vicin- 
ity, and wolves cc;>ukl be heard howling at 
all hours of the night in the \Vinter season, 
and now and th.en a human-like scream of 
a panther wailing dismally through the for- 
ests. -Wolves sooietimes approached with- 
in a hundred vards of the cabin after lambs 



ill daylight. Mr. Mills lived on this farm 
tifty-tive years. During this time he and 
his wife reared a family of nine children to 
be married, tiie youngest child being the 
wife uf T. J. Lucas. They had twelve chil- 
dreri. three uf whdm died in infancy. Mrs. 
Mills died in 1875 '^^ the age oi eighty-one 
years. After her death Mr. Mills sold the 
farm and moved near Jamestown, Ohio, 
making- his home with his son-in-law, Mr. 
A. W. Bryan. 


Died in Xenia, Ohio, March 5, 1861, aged 
eighty years. Buried in Woodland ceme- 
tery, .\enia, Ohin. 

Few persons perhaps are sO' peculiarly 
constituted as not tO' relish pleasing anec- 
dotes of those good old persons who have 
preceded us. In order to interest and 
amuse those of a later date, we would refer 
tliemi tO' a couple of very eccentric individ- 
uals, who' ini the early histo-ry oi Greene 
count}' were somewhat famous on account 
of their eccentricity. One of these gentle- 
men we will be pleased to> introduce to our 
readers is the venerable Payton Moorman, 
of whom perhaps it will be recollected by 
some now living that he died in the city of 
Xenia. A great many funny anecdotes 
have from tjme to. time been related of him. 
He had an old ox cart, "once upon a time," 
with a box bed of his own manufacture, 
which he called his buggy. He would at- 
tach his oxen to> his bugg}'. and he and his 
good old lady (who- was just as eccentric 
as himself) would mount in and ride to 
church, or toi a neighbor's house to pay a 
friendly visit. On one occasion they had 
Ijeen out on a friendly call, or visit, and 
were returning home when a '"ghost" arose 

immediately before the oxen in the ruad. 
They became terribly frightened and in 
spite of all that Payton (who was walking) 
coukl do the oxen ran away with "Becca," 
his good wife, in the buggy, sweeping- 
fences and everything that came in the way. 
Becca barely escaped with her life. The 
"ghost" which caused the stampede was 
some mischievous fellow wrapped in a 
sheet. Suffice toi say the "buggy" bed was 
somewhat defaced by the intervention of 
fence rails, and brush. On one occasion 
Air. Moorman was out paying a visit with 
"Ball}-," his old mare, and by some mean.< 
altogether unperceived by the old gentleman 
some evil mjinded felloiw had, while he was 
preparing to start, succeeded in adjusting a 
brick bat under the saddle. The old man 
mounted tO' go, but he had no time for the 
interchange of compliments, "Bally" start- 
ing off like a locomotive, rearing and pitch- 
ing, the old gentleman "whoa, whoa, at 
every bound." On another occasion still, 
some fellow came (it being nightfall) and 
attached "Bally's" tail to a log of the 
stable. The next morning when 'the okl 
gentleman gave "Bally" her breakfast in 
the trough she refused tO' approach it, 
^^■hereupon the ,old gentlenuan became 
angered at the jxjor old mare and fell to 
whipping her, remarking "Bally, I will 
make thee walk up to the trough and eat thy 
corn," and gave the old mare several licks 
l>efi ire he discovered his mistake. 


William Sanders was born in Xorth 
Carolina, and' married Elizabeth Lynders. 
They came to Greene county, Ohio, in 
1801, and located irrst in Sugarcreek town- 
ship, where they resided about two years, 



Mhen Ebenezer Thomas offered to trade a 
farm of sixty acres, situated in siglit of tlie 
present town of Jamestown, for a liorsc. 
Tile excliajige was made, and in 1803 he 
removed to the said farm, where he lived 
the remainder of his life, dying July 3, 186 1, 
at the ripe old age of eighty-five years, and 
is buried in the Baptist church yard sgutii- 
west of Jamestown. His youngest son, 
Moses, is still (1899) a resident o-i Silver 
Creek township, residing on part of the old 
farm, witli many acres more added to it. 

Some one writing for "The Torchlight"' 
November 26, 1873, giving pen pictures of 
some of the old pioneers of Silvercreek, 
relates the following of Uncle Billy San- 
ders : 

'"Mr. Sanders once purchased a clock 
(a wall sweeper) fronn Thomas Bryan, a 
clock peddler, and remarked at the time that 
he did not know much about clocks, but 
that 'Betty,' his wife, knew all about 
clocks. The clock was carried into the 
house and laid ujxju its jiack prior to put- 
ting it up, and while remaining in that po- 
sition 'Betty' came around and accosted 
her husband with 'Billy. Billy, is it going?' 
Mr. Bryan put the clock up, which being 
done, he next directed that in order to 
facilitate the running of the clock an ap- 
plication of tar be made to- the machinery 
thereof. Accordingly 'Billy' crdered his 
son. Jack, to take some tar and get up into 
the loft and ixnir it down into the clock: he 
did so and of course it ran. 

"The old gentleman was fond of imitat- 
ing the cnnduct of others. He had on a cer- 
tain occasion dined with one of his neigh- 
bors, and fried beans were served. Billy 
thoug-ht that this was the most delicious 
nuess he ever ate. On day he had a log 
rolling, and he told 'Bcttv' that she must 

have fried beans for dinner. Accordingly 
when dinner time came 'Betty" ser\ed up 
the beans, but they were so' hard that he 
could not niasticate them; whereupon the 
"old gentleman exclaimed, 'Betty, your beans 
are not done," to which she responded. 
'th.e more 1 fried them tlie harder they got." 
She had fried the, beans without previously 
boiling them. 

."The old gentleman was perhaps one of 
the most eccentric men of his time. His 
custom made him more so. He wore very 
plain clothes consisting of the old fashioned 
round-about and pantaloons the latter ex- 
tending dow nward to a point about midway 
between the knee and ankle, and his feet 
clad with shoes. Some few people in Greene 
count}' may still remember L'ncle Billy 
Sanders. Peace to his ashes." 


His name appears first as a resident of 
Greene county. Ohio, in the enumeration 
that was taken of Silver Creek tnwnship f(.r 
the year 1813. On the 26th day of October. 
1820, personally appeared in open court 
(it being a court of record) Edward War- 
ren, aged seventy-one _\'ears being duly 
sworn, doth ij.n his oath declare, "I served 
as a private soldier in the C(OTipany com- 
manded by Captain John Holladay. in the 
First Regiment of fo(.t from the state of 
Pennsylvania, commanded by Colonel 
Janiies Chanil>ers in the service of the 
Cnited States, and 1 am the same Edward 
Warren, that in conformity with the law of 
the United States of the i8th of March. 
18 1 8, late a pri\ate in the army of the Rev- 
olution, and inscribed on the pension roll 
of the Ohio agencv. at the rate of eight 



(Ic-Ilars per mniiili. to commence on tlie 5th 
of October. 1819." He was at the time of 
making tliis application seventy-oiie years 
old. and was a cripple in the left hand by 
reason of a vvxnind received by a ball in the 
battle of White Plains, in the state of New 
York. He also says that he is debilitated 
in body by reason of old age, not able to> 
Work, in consecjuence of tlie wound in his 
left luuul and old age. His wife, Susanna, 
died, and he had two children living with 
him at this time, one son, Samuel, who was 
sixteen years of age. and his daughter. 
Lydia, aged nine years. His son, Samuel, 
was sickly and not able to do much work. 
Mr. Warren says that he served sixteen 
mMnths in the Rc\olutionary war, and was 
discharged in conseciuence of the wound in 
his left liand a^; nbo\i' stated. 


John (ionlon was born near Salem, 
X'irginia. on the 15th day of February. 
1S02. and died in Ross township, Greene 
county. Ohio, on the 15th of February, 
1880. and was buried in the cemetery east 
of Grapegrove, Ross township. His fa- 
ther. Richard Gordon, was born in Buck- 
ingham county, Virginia. December 12, 
1774. two years before the declaration of 
independence was declared. His grandfa- 
ther, Giles GoTdon, was a soldier in the war 
of the Revoilution and participated in one 
of the hardest fought battles of that war in 

About the close of the war, his wife 
(John's grandmother) stated that in her 
b:ick yard where slie was, standing she heard 
the booming of the cannon, when the battle 
was raging at the same time, knowing that 
lier husl^and was at that time engaged in 

that deadly combat. After the battle was 
over and his grandfather came home, h.e 
related that it was dreadful, the dead and 
dying were everywhere, and had they been 
gathered and scattered o\'er a ten-acre field 
he coidd have walked O'ver tlieni without 
touching the ground. His grandfather 
moved tO' Rockingham county, Virginia, 
when Jdhn's father was about ten years old, 
and was overseer foT his brother Robert 
for some time. From there he moved to 
Campbell county, where they resided until 
John's father was twenty-one years old. 
John's father, Richard, was a resident wben 
Salem, Virginia, was laid c>ut as a town, 
and built the first house in the place, tie 
was married to Aliss Anna Garst, near 
Salem. January 15, 1801. John was born 
two miles from this place on Harrison 
creek, his miother not yet seventeen years 
old when he was born; his brothers. James 
and William, were also born there. 

In the fall of 1805 John's father re- 
moved to Highland comity, Ohio, crossed 
the river where Mays\-nie. Kentucky, is now- 
located and settled on White Oak creek, ten 
miles from Hillsboro'. where he resided for 
two years, and there his brother Andrew 
was born in the fall of 1806. 

In the fall of 1807 John's father sold 
his land in Highland county. Ohio, anil 
started back to old Virginia, and after a 
long and tiresome journey they reached the 
home of John's grandfather in Botetourt 
county. There again J.jhn's father settled 
on Mason's creek, not far from Salem, 
John's birthplace, where they continued to 
reside for about nine years, or up to 1816. 
Octol)er 7, 1816. his father, after trying 
hard to make a living, became discouraged 
at the result of trying to raise his family 
on rented land, ^nd at the above date again 


started hack tu Uliiu. and alter a Itiiig and 
tiresonie journey, arrived at the nimitli of 
Licking river, crossed over and again be- 
came a "Biickeje," from there to Hamilton 
and Dayton, and from there to a place two 
miles west of Springfield, Ohio where they 
arrived at the house ( f Creston Frantz, an 
uncle uf John's mother, on the 12th of Xo- 
vember, 1816. At this time there were 
twelve of the family, John and his wife and 
ten children, John being the eldest and in 
his fifteenth year. 

They rented a Inaise of Daniel Frantz 
for a year, and while living in this tem- 
porary home his father heard of a farm 
four miles from Springfield which after a 
good deal of traveling he secured, and Jan- 
uary 10, 18 1 7, commenced work on the 
same. Snow fell that winter fourteen inches 
deep. He continued to work, and in the 
fall of that year had erected a house of 
hewn logs two stories high, twenty-one by 
twenty-six feet, with one door and one 
window. John continued to live here with 
his father until about the year 182J, he 
then being twenty-one years old, he began 
to think of doing for himself. 

He had been having pretty good times 
socially and had been "smitten" with the 
charms of a pretty yoimg lass, the young- 
est daughter of Jacob \Vagoner, living in 
the neighborhood. She at the time was the 
'"belle" of that vicinity, and as both families 
were well pleased, so was ^lary, and John 
ctintinued to pay his respects to her for 
about two years, and finallv. April i, 1824, 
thev were married. 

They went tO' housekeeping on his fa- 
ther's farm, where he continued for two 
years, when an opi)ortunity was offered and 
he l;ecame the owner of forty acres of his 
own. He immediatelv went to work and 

put up his cabin and moved into it soon aft- 
erwards, irie added to it twenty acres more, 
so he had a farm of sixty acres, but in the 
winter of 1833 he began to think he must 
have more land. His brother Andrew was 
married and located in Ross township, 
Greene county, Ohio. In February, 1833. 
he went down to see his "bro'ther Andrew , 
and they went out to see a tract of land 
which was for sale, and each i>urchased 
one hundred aiul eighty-three acres. Fie 
then went back home, sold his sixty acres 
to his father and commenced work on his 
purchase in Greene county. 

In the nionth of October, having at that 
tinte five children, he removed to his farm, 
where he continued to' live until his death. 
Air. Gordon said tliat the first time he saw 
Springfield was in the fall of 1816, there 
being at that time but three brick buildings, 
small in size, in the place. It was then in 
Cbamjiaign count}-. Urbana being the coun- 
ty seat. In the fall of 1817 Clark county 
was organized, taken from the adjoining 
counties o'f Greene, Champaign and Madi- 
son, and Springfield became the county seat 
of Clark coimty. Saul Hinkle, a Meth- 
(xlist preacher, was the first clerk of the 
courts of Clark county, and held the office 
as long as he li\-ed. 


Was born in Kentucky on the nth day of 
January, 1806, and was seventy-seven years 
old- at the time of his death. He took part 
in educating a great nuiniber of citizens in 
this county, and he should not be allowed 
to pass awav without some notice. His 
grandparents and uncles were of the col- 
ony that left Kentucky on account of slav- 
ery, and settled in this cotmty. thus estab- 



lishing a center of religious intiuences that 
made a rallying point lor that class of emi- 
grants. Xo other incident did so much for 
Greene county. Tiie fc^llowing named are 
a few of these colonists: The Galloways, 
Andrews, McCoys, Townsleys, Kyles, Mor- 
roAvs, Laugheads. 

Lancelot was the son of James Junkin, 
and in early life ccniiiienced as a teacher, 
teaching in all parts of the county. When 
the law came in force requiring certificates 
of qualitications he was the first in the 
county to receive a certificate. It was about 
1848 that Mr. Junkin removed to Lima, 
Ohio, where he continued to teach until the 
infirmities of age nuade him stop and rest. 
Ho could not, however, remain idle in old 
age, and engaged in the sale of family med- 
icines, selling only those that he believed 
to he useful. A year or more later he re- 
turned to this county with his aged partner 
in life, who survives hinT. and was residing 
in Jamestown, until his final illness, with his 
son-in-law. William Junkin. but was re- 
mo\-ed by his wife to his home, where he 
died. .August 11. 1883. aged seventy-seven 


Main street. Xenia and' Limestone 
street, Spring-field, cross each other two 
niiiles south O'f Cedarville. Ohio. La early 
days one was called Federal and the other 
Limestone road. In the northeastern cor- 
ner of the crossing was the "nigger field." 
From 1825 to 1833 its appearance was that 
of a dense thicket of bushes and small sap- 
ligs woven to-gether with briars and wild 
\'ines. The nigger cabin was a local land- 
mark, tumbled down and no- signs of a 
chimney being visible, \yhen the negro 


cleared the field and when he died are dates 
that are not known. Across the Limestone 
road from the caljin the brick school house 
was built, in which Mr. Lancelot Junkin 
was the first teacher. A long open fireplace 
was at each end, while the door was in the 
middle of the s(Hith side, and tlie girls .sat 
at the left and the boys at the right. Mr. 
Junkin remembered having seen the colored 
man, but his recollection of him was faint. 
He was called Dave, and traditioai says he 
died in his cabin and was never buried. 

Southwest from, this school house was 
nearly three thousand acres of woodland 
and a few miles eastward was a still larger 
forest called the Rig Woods, wild deer be- 
ing found in both. The first day that school 
was held here seventeen deer walked leisure- 
ly across the road about one hundred yards 
from the roads. Li 1825 wolves were 
not uncci-mmon in these wxkxIs. I can re- 
member seeing them by mo(jnlight prowling 
around my father's sheep house, and recall 
the gossip about Uncle James Cresswell. fa- 
ther of Samuel Cresswell shooting one on 
the Sabbdth day. Sheep were killed by 
them, and a wolf hunt was organized. 
More men than I supiiosed were in existence 
met at my father's house and arranged 
themselves along the road, thinking to: drive 
them out of the woods, then shoot them. 
No wolves were shot, and the woods were 
wild with the howling the following night. 
Hogs ran wild in these woods, and in the 
winter the people would kill them and divide 
them according to their ear marks, eacli 
farmer having had his hogs marked before 
going to the woods. Often they would 
find a litter of pigs, and the one finding 
themi would mark theim. if the mother hap- 
pened to be his ; but rascality took advantage 
of this state of affairs, and a dishonest man 



wandering in the wuuds finding a litter of 
young pigs wnuld mark them liis. when he 
liad ne\er owned them. A man of tiiis kind 
was called a "hog-or-an-narv." 

Tlie woodland adjacent to the brick 
school hcaise was traversed by an obscinx 
wagcn way called Kenton's trace. Tradi- 
tion says it had been opened by Simon Ken- 
ton as a passway from Limestone, Ken- 
tucky, now called Maysville, to Old Chilli- 
■cothe, on the Miami, or Old Town north of 
Xenia, which was the old Chillicothe of the 
Shawnee Indians. It was made when the 
Shawnee Indians were friendly with the 
white settlers of Kentucky. 

. Some horses l>eing stolen from the 
%v]iites afterward, they blamed the Indians 
and raised an army and came nnrtliward io 
destroy Old Chillict;the and kill the inhabi- 
tants. They rested for supper at a small 
creek close to the present residence of Ni.xon 
Brown, ha\Mng followed Kenton's trace thus 
far. Their plan was to wait until the moon 
■vvonld rise at midnight, then go and sur- 
prise and kill the Indians. One of the offi- 
cers had a slave with him named Caesar, 
who learned of the plan, and also the fact 
that Kenton's trace led to the Indian town. 
\\ hen the whites had cpiieted down he crept 
away, followed the trace, mjtified the In- 
dians and fled with them. The i)arty came 
on, destroyed the crops and burnt the town, 
hut found no one to kill. The creek was 
afterwards known as the creek where Caesar 
ran away. 

"Caesarcreek," taking its name from the 
first fugitive slave within the bounds of 
Greene county. These facts I got from 
Thomas Coke Wright, who claimed to have 
gitten them from Simon Kenton. 

The brick school house was built in 
1826 and <rlv'l began in it that fall with- 

out waiting to have it plastered. The di- 
rectors ordered the patrons of the school 
to lurnish one ccvd of w'ood fcmr feet long 
for each pupil. As my father had sub- 
scriljed for four scholars, my brothers pro- 
vided the four cords, which made the first 
fires of the schc-ol. Though four subscribed, 
nine of us attended the first day. Tlie 
room was very full the first few days, many 
of the pupils being aclults. One of the pu- 
pils. ]\Iiss Harriet Bower, afterwards be- 
came the wife of the teacher. This district 
was late in being organized, but to make 
up for lost time school was kept continu- 
ously for two years which was very un- 
commjon in that day. Lancelot Junkin was 
our teacher for these two' years. 

The vast amount of woodland unsettled 
within this district tended to keep it weak 
for many years. Over two thousand acres 
of these woods were bought by Jacob 
Brown, father of George and Xixon Brown, 
in 1832 or 1833. but they were only partial- 
ly opened for several years after. Boys 
were often Inst in the woods and sometimes 
men. Two of my sisters had quite an ad- 
venture in theniL Several miembers of a 
family living in a corner of this land were 
ill and inly sisters started to- help nurse 
them through the night. A dim pathway 
led across the corner of the woods, muclt 
shorter than the plainer road which they 
followed quite rapidly at first. Cattle had 
followed this path part of the way and then 
diverged to a spring, making a new path 
more distinct than the original one. In tiie 
dim twilight they followed this until reach- 
ing the spring, when they recognized their 
mistake, retraced their steps, but darkness 
overtoc)k them and thev could not see the 
pathway and so were lost, remaining in the 
\\> r>ds the entire night, and until nearlv 



nuun the next day. Xnt returning when ex- 
pected, it was inferred that some of the 
sick were worse. One of my brothers was 
sent to ascertain the facts, and was surprised 
to find that they had not been with the sick 
at all. He rushed hmue, and the fog horn, 
once tlie proq^erty of one of our uncles wdio 
had been a boatni|an, was lilown every few- 
minutes, and thus they were guided home, 
although going, it is said, directly from 
home wheti they first heard the horn. Dur- 
ing the night they had heard the yelping of 
se\eral packs of hounds on the tracks of 
deer or raccoons. Xnt being able to find 
their way back they climbed upon a trunk 
of a big tree and sat there until morning. 


The following account of the pioneer 
schi ol house located in wbat is now known 
as Cedarville township, was contributed to 
the Pioneer Association of Greene county, 
bv that veteran scliool teacher, Lancelot 
Junkin: "Come with me away back to 
1813, and let mie introduce you to that school 
house of early days, by a description of the 
first one which it was miy lot to attend as 
a pupil. Tbis house was built in 1812 in 
R(;ss township, now Cedarville township, 
abont two miles south of Cedarville and fi,\e 
miles north of Jamestown. It was con- 
structed in true log cabin style in a dense 
forest. The farmers and citizens within a 
circle of six or eight miles met on a day 
pre\iongly appointed and with axes they 
proceeded to cut down trees suitable to l)e 
used for the building. The logs were cut 
in length to make a house twenty-five by 
thirty feet and these were ])uilt to a height 
of twelve or thirteen feet. The roof was 
made of claplx;ards f^ur feet in length split 

from timber cut down the same day. These 
were laid in courses on slim logs called ribs, 
and these were held in position bv smaller 
logs called weight poles. The ceiling was 
also made of split clapboards laid on joists 
of round poles, the logs being left in nat- 
ural ronndness with the bark left on, ami 
the spaces between them were closed with 
clay morter. Its one wincljw was made by 
cutting out a log and fastening small pieces 
of timber perpendicularly about a foot 
apart, and on these paper was pasted, light 
coming through it. The floor was made of 
slabs split from large timbers and made 
smr>oth on one side by a large broadaxe and 
these were laid on joists or sleepers and 
fastened down by wooden pins. The door 
was made from the same material as was 
the floor, and hung in place by wooden 
hinges and fastened together b\- wooden 
pins. The fireplace was made b\ cutting 
out a section o-f logs some five or six feet 
in length and by building up short pieces of 
timber oiitside as high as the joists at the 
ixiint where the logs were cut, thus making 
a back wall and jambs, which were well 
lined with clay and mortar mingled witli 
straw to make it more cohesive. .\ chinmey 
was built up from the back wall by using 
short split sticks wbich were covered from 
within and without by mortar similar to that 
wihich lined the fire place. This honse was 
a t)-pe of those generally used in tbose days 
and as was common by a judicious division 
of labor was completed in a single day. It is 
probable that William Junkin was the first 
teacher in the house that 1 ha\-e described." 


Two very old men were familiar tO' 
me Robert W'codlnirn, whose grandson has 



been for years a pruminent lawyer and poli- 
tician of .Marysville. Ohio, and Joseph Mc- 
Farland. always kindly and respectfully 
called "old Uncle Joe." 

Mr. \\'( iidl)nrn gradually sunk, luidy 
and mind, through softening of the brain.. 
and often would he get lost in the wide for- 
est referred to in previous articles. Uncle 
Joe was the delight of small boys, and at a 
Ijarn raising or log rolling he would gather 
the boys aroimd him and amuse them witii 
wr.nderful stories. One day he showed us 
his gun and told us bow he kept the fore- 
most sight smooth by looking along it. He 
-;iid when he was xoung that he looked so 
sharp that he would wear the sight out in 
a year, but now they lasted lots longer. 

The first that I ever heard of an elec- 
trical experiment was from one of his 
stiries. "1 seed a man set upon a stool and 
tilled so full of fire that to pint his finger 
at his nose he would spit the fire right after 
you. Xow, don't you tell that it was hell 
fire, for maybe it wasn't." He was the pic- 
Ticer of the McFarlands on Massies creek 
and vicinity, a granduncle of Professor Mc- 
I'arland of the State University, a man of 
conmianding appearance, a good neighbor 
and had the respect of all. 

On a farm adjoining him lived Uncle 
Ge. rge \\'ard. who had a beautiful meadow 
thickly set with herd grass, sometimes called 
retl ti p. He regretted that the grountl' was 
not adapted to timothy and clover, and 
when some one spoke of his nice hay he re- 
])lied, "Oh. burn the light stufT. I could, 
carrv a ton of it on my shoulder." and he 
threatened to thrash Colonel Stevenson for 
laughing at his expression. 

Xi t far I •ft was Judge Samuel Kyle, a 
n:a-i cf unbounded influence in the neioh- 

borhood, a pattern of propriety and ikj--- 
sessed of abundant means, his credit being 
good save in a single case. Qiarley iSIahan 
charged a business man with trying to cheat 
him. Said Charley : "You always was a 
rascal : _\-ou cculd not borrow one dollar with 
old Judge Kyle as security." He meant no 
reflection on the Judge, but intimiated that 
the other man's character was beyond re- 

South of Judge Kyle on the Federal 
read lived John Mitchel. whose youngest 
son. R. P. Mitchel, has lately become a citi- 
zen of Xenia, and R. B. Davidson, of E. 
Miller & Company, is a son of his youngest 
daughter, the widow of the late Dr. David- 
sen, the only orator I ever heard speak. 

Soiitheastward from my starting point 
at the crossing of the Federal and Limestone 
roads lived a large collection of i>eople 
named Malians. Mathew Mahan was a 
local preacher, aufl after liis wife had died 
and his children had been provided with a 
home, he went at his own expense as a mi — 
sionary to an Indian tribe. I think the W'y- 
andots. He was a mechanical genius and 
taught them several trades, such as lirick 
ni/ason, harness making, carpentery, etc. It 
is unnecessary to say he died in peace, re- 
spected by all who knew him. 

Charles Mahan lived on the Limestone 
road tw'o miles south of Jamestown. Yearly 
camp-meetings were held on his farm. He 
was the grandfather of Mrs. Samuel Elwell. 
of Xenia. and his own mother and his wife's 
n;other lived with hinn. I know' of no one 
now that suggests extreme old age as they 
did. They sometimes walked to omr house, 
knitting and resting by the way.. The'r 
balls of varn would frequently get awa\- 
frcm t'.iem. and as a little four-vear-old bov 



it was my delight to race after them. And 
to add to my enjoyment they often ch-opped 
them voIuntariK-. 

William Mahan lived where Mathew 
Wilson now lives ( 1883), and, like the rest 
of theni', he had a large fan^ily. hut he was 
less prosperous than ihis brothers. His sec- 
ond son was a prodigy- of physical develop- 
ment, and once ten men undertook to catch 
iiimi in a ten-acre ticld in fnur Imurs and 

James Malum, andher brother. li\cd 
near the camp ground; 1 think where 
George Shigley resided. He lost three sons 
by dnnvning. M(;st (.f tlie Mahans moved 

Malhew Malian, Jr.. a grandson of 
both Charles and Mathcw. Sr.. becaniK? an 
influential minister of the MetlKxlist church. 
James Clark, living amiong the Mahans, 
was niited fi r prudence and credibility. 


Thomas To'wnsley was born in Cum- 
lierland county. Pennsylvania, A. D. 1755. 
In 1782 he was united in marriage to Miss 
Sarah I'atterson oi the same county, and to 
them were born live children, as follows: 
Martha, William. George, Joanna and 
Nancy. Martha, January 16. 1806, became 
the wife of Major James Galloway, Jr. His 
son William died November 10, 1825, aged 
forty-two years, and is l)uried in the ceme- 
tery at Clifton. Ohio. His son. George 
Townsley, Esrp, was the father of onr re- 
spected townsman, Thomas P. Townsley 
(now deceased). He was a useful and re- 
spected man in his day, filling with honor 
the office of county auditor when that office 
was first made an elective one. He was 
born September 17, 1786, while his parents 

were journeying from Pennsylvania to Ken- 
tucky, and died October 12, 1857, ami is 
buiied in Woodland cemeter_\-. Xenia. Ohi' '. 
Joanna was born May 25, 1789, and was 
married to James Gowdy (first merchant ni 
Xenia) and lived a happy married life foir 
three years and six months, when, at tb.e 
age ui twenty-eight years, she died. .\ little 
daughter, their only one, died a few hours 
before, and thev were both buried in the 
Associate Reformed graveyard. East Third 
street. Nancy married Mr. Robert Neslaitt, 
one of Xenia's pioneer caqienters. In 1786 
Mr. Townsley and his younger brother, 
Jcvhn, with their families, bid adieu to their 
Pennsvlvania homes and emigrated to Ken.- 
tncky, where they resided till the year 1800, 
when they removed to what was to be 
Greene'county, Oliio, and located on survey 
No. 3746, two miiles east of the present 
town of Cedar\-ille. which survey was a part 
of the Virginia military land set apart fi>r 
those who took part in that war. Mr. 
Townsley enlisted first m the Uc\-o]utionary 
war at the age of twenty-one at Sherman's 
\'alley, Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, 
December 6, 1776, as a private soldier in 
Capt. Thomas Clark's Company ( I ), Watt's 
Re,giment, and served two mimths. He 
after that, April i, 1778, enlisted as a 
wagoner in McCabe's Brigade, and ser\-ed 
two months. He ag-ain enlisted as a private 
soldier in Capt. John Nelson's Company, 

Regiment, for which he received a 

pension, having applied September 15, 
1832, from; Xenia. Ohio. He was wont to 
speak of the time that he was wagoner as 
having hauled in his wagon wounded 
Hessian soldiers. He died at the home of 
his son-in-law. ]\Iajor James Galloway, 
February 22, 1841, and was buried in the 
cemetery at Cliftc™, Ohio. 




Was b( rii in llie \illage of Tubennore. 
County Lcnduiiderry, in tlie north of Ire- 
land, in tlie year 1766, and emigrated to 
this cc-untry in the year 1784. landing in 
Philadelphia. Pennsylvania. when but 
eighteen years of age. He was a son of 
Roger and Mary Dean. He sojourned in 
Pennsylvania. Maryland and Virginia until 
about 178S. when he removed to Kentucky 
and ]3urchased some land. In 1790 he sent 
back to Ireland for his mother. In 1791 he 
was married to Miss Jeannette Steele. In 
1812, ha\-ing a large family of children and 
m.'t being willing to rear them under the in- 
fluence cf slavery, and having purchased 
a tract of eighteen hundred acres of land 
on the waters (jf Caesars creek, (jreene 
county. Ohio, he removed to it, and here he 
resided until his death, which occurred on 
the 24th of January, 1843, '" t'^e seventy- 
ei.ghth year cf his age. His mother died 
July 21. 1825. aged eighty-si.x years. 
These, with many of his lineal descendants, 
lie buried in the Dean "burial place," 
selected by himself on the tract of land al- 
ready alluded to on the banks of a small 
stream of water that flows on the west side 
of the same. Early in life he made a pub- 
lic profession of religion by joining the 
Associate Reformed church, in the congre- 
gation under the pastoral charge of Rev. 
Rankin. He and his wife remained mem- 
bers (,f this c< ngregation until their removal 
to Ohio. After their com;ing to Ohio, there 
not being an\- orgaiiization of that lx>dy in 
their neighborhood, they connected them- 
selves with the Associate congregation of 
Massiescreek. then under the pastoral care 
of Rev. Roljert Armstrong. He became a 
member of the Caesarscreek congregation 

( Associate) upon its organization, and S(j 
remained until the day of his death. His 
children consisting of five sons and six 
daughters, all married and settled on the 
land before alluded to. Some have nioved 
away and settled in different portions of 
Ohio, Indiana. Illinois, Iowa and Kansas. 
His five so.ns were Robert, William, Dan- 
iel, Joseph and James. These five sons were 
the senior nxembers and heads of families 
of the large connection of that name in 
Greene county. Rotert Dean was a soldier 
in the war of 1812 and served a tour of duty 
to Fort \\'ayne under Capt. Roljert Mc- 
Clellan. He died May 8, 1856, aged sixty- 
three, and is buried in the Dean Graveyard. 


Associate Judge Samuel Kyle was born 
near Harrisburg. Pennsylvania, in Novem- 
ber, 1777. His father, Joseph Kyle, Sr.. 
ser\ed as a soldier in Dunmore's war, and 
was present at Camp Charlotte, in what is 
now Pickaway county, when Logan, thc 
chief of the Z^Iingoes, sent in his fann)i.> 
speech. In 1790 the family emigrated to 
Kentucky and located in Fayette county. 
In 1804 they came to Ohio and settled in 
what is now Cedarville township, and he 
was appointed justice ai the i>eace some 
time afterward. On the 22d of May, 18 10, 
he took his seat on the bench as associate 
judge, Judges James Snowden and David 
Houston being his associates: the Hon. 
Francis Dunlavy, presiding judge, and 
James Collier, sheriff. He was on the 
bench when that renxarkable scene occurred 
when the presiding judge ordered James. 
Snowden to leave the bench because he had 
not taken an oath of office under the new 
constitution, and on liis refusal he ordered. 



tiie slieriff to luck iiim up in jail, and when 
the sheriff refused to obey the order he 
sent Ijoth the judge and sheriff to jail and 
the court broke up. He held the office of 
associate judge for thirty-five years. He 
was also the appraiser of real estate. He 
did a great deal of surveying and located 
more lands in early times than any other 
man. He was a member of the Associate 
church when it was lirst organized by Rev. 
Robert Aniiistrong in iliis county, and his 
Christian life was blameless and exemplary. 
He was a man of practical good sense, and 
did well in whatever he undertook. He 
was tlignitied in deportment, mild in man- 
ner.-^. Ijland auti coiu'teous in all social inter- 
course. ]n the war of 1812 he took a i)art. 
He died at his residence near Cedarville, 
Ohio February 25. 1857, aged seventy-nine. 


Son <;f David, was born in Fayette county, 
Kentucky, in 1778. His father, David 
Laughead, Sr., had nuade a visit to this 
county previous to his settlement here with 
his family, lia\-ing served under General 
Clarke in his celebrated campaign against 
the hulians, resulting in the destruction of 
the village of Old Chillicothe, or Old Town, 
in the month of August, 1780, the site of 
the (lUl historic Indian town in Greene 

In 1804. the Laugheads, father and son, 
remioved fromi Kentucky to this count}-, set- 
tling near this city, upon the very land 
where the subject of this sketch died. At 
that time the present tlourishing city of 
Xenia consisted of two log houses in the 
center of town, one of them the well known 
Crumbaugh House, where now stands the 
Eavev & Steele building, and the other on 

the present site of the Xenia Xational 

In company with the Laugheads came 
the ancestors o'f a large number of the pres- 
ent i3on>ulation of Xenia and vicinity, among 
whom we might name William and Rob- 
ert Kendall, Joseph Kyle, Sr., and his fam- 
ily, amiong whom was his two sons, Joseph 
Kyle, Esq., and his brother, Judge Samuel 
Kyle: Alexander McCoy, John Bigger, 
Stephen White, James Clency and Major 
James Morrow. These composed a large 
portion of the Re\'. Robert Annstroiig's 
congregation, which transplanted itself al- 
nwst bodily tO' this state and county. In- 
spired by a strong hatred oi slavery, their 
paj^tor. Rev. Robert Armstrong, followed 
and organized the first Associate church in 
Greene county. 

David M. Laughead was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Elizabeth Kyle February 7, 
]8io, by Rev. Robert Armstrong. After 
the breaking out oi hostilities in 1812 the 
settlers were continually called upon for 
services, generally of a very difficult and 
dangerous nature. Mr. Laughead was 
found toi be an acti\e and willing volunteer 
in several important expeditions, principally 
among w'hich was the celebrated expedition 
to Ft. Mc Arthur (near the present town of 
Kenton), from there to Ft. Finley on the 
Auglaize and from thence to L'pper San- 
dusky. The company composing this ex- 
pedition were of a very singular element, 
most of the privates being men high in mili- 
tary title, embracing in its ranks such men 
as Major James Galloway, Capt. Thomas 
Constant. Capt. Robert Gowdy, Col. Will- 
iam Buckles, Capt. George Junkin, Adjt. 
William Rodgers. ^Nlr. Hugh Andrews and 
others. The company was placed under the 
command of Capt. Samuel tierrod. The 



object of llie expedition was to guard a 
train of jjack horses from Ft. Arthur to Ft. 
Finley, a \ery dangerous enterprise it may 
well he supposed, considering the hostile na- 
ture of tlie country swarming with savage 

When near Ft. Arthur they were met by 
a messenger, who told them that the fort 
was surrc/unded by In'dians, and of course 
they w'<iul(l have to tight their way into it. 
Tlliis news served only tO' hasten their 
progress, but on arriving at the fort they 
found the report of the express e.xagger- 
ated : the Indians were in the \icinitv, it 
was true, but they experienced no- difficulty 
in miaking their way into the fort. 

.\t this time occurred tlie death of Mr. 
Cunning-ham, of Bellbrook, shot thmugh 
the IhkIv by an Indian bullet. The expedi- 
tion reached its destination without mis- 
hap and returned soon after. When near 
Urbana on their way home they were met 
by (jen. Benjamin Whiteman and Dr. 
Joshua Martin, who- informed them that the 
citizens of Xenia were e.xcited over a rumor 
that the whole company, e.xcept three, had 
been murdered by the Indians, and that they 
had been" chosen to advance into the enany's 
ci-'unlry and ascertain the truth of the re- 
port. The meeting under the circumstances 
was a joyous one, and the members of the 
company breaking ranks made their way to 
Xenia, arriving on Sabbath morning, as the 
citizens were wending their way to cinirch. 

Mr. Laughead lived to see the wonder- 
ful changes which have transformed the 
wilderness into a land, as it were, flowing 
with miilk and honey. He lived toi enjoy the 
fruits of the hardships of the pioneer life, 
and raised a large and respected family, and 
to become i>ossessed of all that which should 
attend ol<l asc. as li^ve, hi>nor. nbetlience, 

troops of friends and finally to' die with all 
the consolations of religion and a life well 


The name Indian was erroneously ap- 
plied to the original man of Amierica by its 
first discoverers. The attempt to arrive at 
the East Indies by sailing west caused the 
discovery of America. When they were first 
discovered, Columbus and many after him 
suppo-sed they had arrived at the eastern 
shore of the continent of India, and hence 
the people they found there were called In- 
dians^ The error was not discovered until 
the name had so^ obtained that it could not 
well be changed. It is true that it matters 
little to us bv what name the indigenous 
of a country are known, and especially those 
of -America, in as far as the name is seldom 
used among us but in application to' the 
alniriginal Americans: but with the people 
of Europe it was not so unimportant. Situ- 
ated between two countries, India and 
.\merica, the same name for the inhabitants 
of both must at first have produced con- 
siderable inconvenience, if not confusion, 
l)ecause in speaking of an Inidian no one 
would know whether an Anierican or 
Zealander was meant. Therefore, in a his- 
torical iK)int of view, the error at least is 
niuch to be deplored as tliat the name of the 
continent itself should have been derived 
fronr .\mericus instead of Columbus. 


.\biiut 1831 or 1832 an event occurred 
which resulted in almost a revolution of the 
I id neighliorhood. and this was the or- 



ganization of tlie Caesarscreek congrega- 
tion of tlie Associate, often called the "Se- 
ceder" clnircli. It is the congregation now 
worsiiiping in Jamestown, with Rev. W. A. 
Robb as pastr.r. To' the left as yon gO' to 
Janiestnwn. nine miles from Xenia, is a 
conntry graveyard, which was the burial 
place i»f tliis cnngregation. Its first pastor 
was the \<q\ . Andrew Heron, who came 
froni K(ickl>ridge cotmty, Virginia. He 
was then m the prime of life, and his only 
st»n, Kev. John M. Heron, was ten years 
old. Dr. Heron was regarded as (juite an 
actjuisition ti> the ministerial talent of the 
countv. He was clerk of the Associate 
syniul for many years. His first wife was 
a McCampbell. a cousin i»f J( seiili McCamp- 
bcll. whi> resides between Xenia and 
Jamcstiiwn, au'd his second wife was Mrs. 
Irvin, ;(.■(■ Martha Creswell. 

When the congregation was organized, 
David Brown, grandfather of Xenia's e.x- 
postmaster. Thomas Brown: James Moore, 
father nf the late Dr. Daniel D. Moore; 
James Irvin and Col. John Duncan were 
elected ruling elders. A tide of emigration 
flowed into the congregation, many coming 
from N'irginia, some of whom had been 
micmbers of Dr. Heron's charge in that 
state and these were followed in some cases 
!iy hangers-on and dependents, and these 
tw'o distinct grades O'f society came in at 
once. Samuel Bromagen did the stone work 
of the h<vuse and also the brick work, and I 
think that John and William Bradfute did 
the carpenter work. Colonel John Dun- 
kin was wonderfully lively with a tinge of 
eccentricities in his character that made him 
more interesting. The first time I ever saw 
David Brown he was in search of a cow. 
As John Watt was township clerk and knew 
the earmarks, he called on him. John asked 

him the appearance of the cow. 'A\"e!l, 
John, she's na a black coo, but she's a w hite 
coo; but she's na a large coo, but she's na 
sma coo, and she's a pretty coo." As the 
Scotch dialect was music to me J enjoyed 
the description of the cow mucli better 
than I did the sermon. Some Scotch 
shepherds moved into the congregation, 
among them a married man and his wife 
and two bachelor brothers. Mr. Brown 
said he would go around with them 
and arrange work, as nearly e\er\- farmer 
would make rails in preference to shearing 
sheep and they could get all their rails 
made. "We will make our own rails." said 
the eldest cif the three. "But ye can na do 
it," said Mr. Brown. "Ycm lie, you dog: 
we mjade twa apiece yesterday." was the 
promipt reply. 

Dr. Heron gave a cmu'se of expository 
lectures o^n the propbecies of Isaiah, a para- 
phrase of a psalm, or part of it, and the 
lecture took up the forenoon. Next we hail 
a recess of fifteen minutes in winter and 
fortv-fi\-e in summer, in which we partook 
of the basket or, with the most of us. a 
pocket dinner. A sermon took up the after- 
noon, and most of us got home at sundown, 
even in winter. The service began the same 
hour the year round, and ele\-en did not 
mean twelve by Dr. Heron's watch. Once 
he began with mty brother Hugh and my- 
self present, and not many were late the next 
Sabbath. Dr. Heron, with his comrse of 
lectures, went through the book of the 
prophet Isaiah, and in reading this book in 
after vears when I came on a chapter I had 
lieard bim expound I seemed to have found 
a bright place. The last time I laughed 
aloud during religious service was in the 
old meeting house. The hoiuse was very 
full, when a big woods beau with his red 



Iiair, freckles and very tall diilciner came 
late. By packing twu pews already full 
room was made for them by the usher, but 
not in the saniie pew. He sat to my right 
and she directly in front of him. Narrow 
lace collars were worn by ladies then, but 
slie had a broad lace cape that extended 
well down her back over a dress still whiter 
than her cape. One oif her long red hairs 
had strayed from its comrades and was 
resting m the cape. The contrast of color 
was loo' painful for Joshua, and he made 
several attempts to remove the hair with- 
out attracting attention. I came toi the con- 
clusion, as 1 knew he was near-sighted, that 
iie did not know that it still had its natural 
attachment, and felt that if he would snatch 
it <'i.nd she wnuld jump 1 would have to 
laugh. To enforce sobriety on myself I 
thought C'f death, fire and lJrin^stone, a re- 
proof ivoim the minister, a relnike from my 
parents, the teasing of my conn^ades, the 
embarrassment of the young lady. After I 
liad suspected the red hair had been aban- 
doned to its fate, and when the pastor was 
in the midst ui an eli:(|uent declamation, 
Joshua grabbed it. The red head shot u|) 
like a-rocket, a wild yell of alarm came from 
somewhere up there, and after an e.x'plosion 
of laughter I subsided and was too mis- 
erable to- remain fiir the afternoon service, 
and the v&\ hairs were carefully taken home 
as well. 

The ne.xt day I met Dr. Heron and 
asked him to scold me. "T'or what?" said 
he. "For laughing aloud in church yester- 
day," said I. "But scnjding is one of the 
exact sciences," said he, "and you miust tell 
me all aljout it, so that 1 can projierly adapt 
the penalty." After Iiearing me through he 
said, "Well. I am glad I did not see it. tV.r 
a laugh in the ])nl])it might have dune more 

harm than a laugh in the pews." 1 felt bet- 
ter, and had the kindest feelings for the 
Dcctor as long as he lived. 1 had the satis- 
faction cf hearing the last senncju he e\er 


Andrew Heron was born in Scotland, 
October ii, 1788. He first came to the 
United States ( as he says in his application 
toi become a citizen of this country in 1840) 
in the year 1807. He was nineteen years of 
age. He remained a while at Cambridge, 
Xew Y'lrk, where he studied theology and 
was licensed to preach by the Associate 
church. For a number of years he acted as 
missionary, tra\'eling on horseback through 
Pennsylvania, ^laryland, Virginia and the 
Carolinas, and preached to the congrega- 
tions in those states. In 181S he was set- 
tled in Rockbridge county, \'irginia, where 
he remained thirteen }-ears. During this 
time he acted for a while as professor of 
languages in Washington College at Lex- 
ington, the same o\-er which General Lee 
presiiled at the time of his death. In 1831 
lie removed with a consideralile part ^if his 
congregation, and formed what was known 
as the Caesarscreek congregatiori. near 
Jamestown, Greene county. Ohio. Here he 
remainetl until 1844, when he was displaced 
Ijy the disruption in the Associate church. 
His next charge was in Indiana, where he 
remained, however, only a few years. 
Yielding to the infirmities of age. he re- 
turnetl to this coinitv and Ijecame a resident 
of Cedarville. He received the degree of 
D. D. from Washington College, Virginia. 
In familiarity with the Scriptures he had 
few e(|ua!s, and his retentive memory en- 
alded him ti; (piote scripture while preach- 



ing, with peculiar fitness. He was twice 
marrieil. By his lirst wife he had one son, 
Rev. John Heron, who^ is yet (1900) living 
in Jamestown, Ohio. Dr. Andrew Heron 
(hed August 30, 1873, in his eighty-fifth 
year, and is buried in Woodland cemetery, 
Xenia, (Jliio. 


It appears that it dates its origin back to 
1S04. In that year James Miller and fam- 
ily frmn .Scotland, and David Mitchel and 
wife from Kentucky, settled on Clarkes 
run, and these two- families organized the 
first ijraying band of this congregation and 
were for some }-ears the only miembers. In 
the spring of 1808 James Reid and family 
came and settled in the same neightorhood 
ami to-ok an active interest in the society or- 
ganized. In the fall of r8o8 William More- 
land and family found a home here and 
identified themselves wdth the society. The 
first Refomied Presbyterian preaching in 
the hounds of this congregation, and per- 
haps in the state of Ohio, was in the fall of 
1809, bv Rev. Tbomas Donnelly and Mr. 
John Kell. then a licentiate. Mr. Kell 
])reached in the moniing and Mr. Donnelly 
in the afternoon. Soon after this Rev. John 
Black, of Pittsburg, visited the little so- 
ciety, constituted a session and received 
James Reid and wife as the first accessions 
to the church. At this time there were nine 
or ten members in the congregation. The 
ne.xt Sabbath Mr. Black preached in a log 
caljin on the farm on which ^Mr. Dallas for- 
merly lived. On that day the ordinance of 
baptism was administered for. the first time 
in the congregation. Tbc parties baptized 

were William and Joseph Reid. In the ne.\t 
few years some eight or ten families were 
added tu the congreg-ation. For a time the 
supplies were very limited. The congre- 
gation built its first church edifice in 1812, 
on James Miller's farm. The first church 
edifice was a rude structure, twenty-two 
feet sc^uare, built of round logs, the cracks 
closed with clay, the roof of clapboards 
four feet long, fastened down with weight 
poles. Tins was used for a place of wor- 
ship for twelve years. The first preacher 
the church ever engaged was Rev. John 
Kell. whot administered tO' them about one- 
fourth of his time, from 1810 to 1816. 
The first pastor was Rev. Jonathan Gill in 
1816 who remained until i8_'3, when at his 
own request the pastoral relations were dis- 
solved. From' 1823 to the spring of 1828 
Rev. Gavin McMillan preached about one- 
fourth of his time for the people. 

In 1824 a new house of worship was 
built on the bank of Massies creek six miles 
from Xenia, it being a stone building thirty- 
six by forty feet. The fall oi 1828 the Rev. 
Hugh :\Ic^Iillan assisted the Rev. Gavin 
^McMillan in the dispensation of the Lord's 
Supper. They were so well pleased with 
him that they gave liim a unanimons call to 
become their pastor. The call was accepted 
in April, 1829, and the Rev. Hugh Mc- 
]\Iillan returned from South Carolina and 
was s<X)n after installed their pastor, which 
relation he sustained until his death in 
i860. At the time the Rev. Meridian be- 
came pastor there were sixty-six members 
in the church. A large number of his mem- 
bers came with him from the south, so that 
in a few years they formed the larger part 
of the congregation. In the time of the di- 
vision in 1833 the congregation numbereil 



one hundred and 5ixty-fi\e. Thirty-eiglit 
of this number going with tlie other synod 
reduced tlie ri»ll to one hundred and twenty- 

In 1839 tlie congregation built a new 
church on a lot near the old one, of brick, 
forty-five by fifty-five feet. In 1848 the 
members living around Xenia and vicinity 
asked for a distinct organization which \vas 
granted. The Xenia congregation took ofif 
fifty members, and they made a call for the 
Rev. Hugh Mc^Iillan to become their pas- 
tor. l)Ut he declined and remioved to Cedar- 
ville. where he continued to work and labor 
till his work on earth was ended. In 1853 
the (Id brick church was pulled down and 
rebuilt in Cedarville. being a more central 
ix>int. In it is material from the old 
church of 1824 and also from that of 1839. 
Tlie congregaticni was without a pastor 
from October, i860, until May. 1863. 
There were in the congregation at this time 
about one hundred and sevent\- members. 
In the fall of 1862 a unanimous call was 
made for Rev. J. F. Morton, and by him 
accepted. In May, 1863, Rev. J. F. Morton 
was ordained and installed as pastor of the 
congregation and still (1899) sustains that 
relation. At that time there were nine 
members of the session, but five of that 
number have gone to their rewards, viz. : 
R. C. Reid. James McCnllum. William 
Harbison, John Orr and William Reid. At 
present there are eight, three having l^een 
added in 1871. During the last twenty 
years there lia\e been two hundred and 
twenty accessions, fort}-fi\e dismissed by 
certificates, one hundred and thirty bap- 
tized and one hundred deaths including 
adults and children. The jiresent member- 
ship is about two hundred. 


1803. Clerk uf court, John Paul; 
county recorder. John Paul : sheriff, Xathan 
Lamme, from May lo, 1803, to December 
7, 1803, when he resigned and ^^'illiam 
Maxwell was elected : county surveyor, 
James Galloway Jr. : prosecuting attorney, 
Daniel Symms; associate judges, Benjamin 
W'hiteman. James Barrett and William 

1804. Clerk I if the court. John Paul; 
county recorder, John Paul ; sheriff, \\"ill- 
iam Maxwell ; county commissioners. Jacob 
Smiith, James Snowden and John Sterritt : 
county surveyor, James Galloway : pr( ?se- 
cuting attorney, .\rthur St. Clair ; associate 
judges, Benjamin W'hiteman and James 

1805. Clerk of court. John Paul; 
county recorder. John Paul ; sheriff. Will- 
iam ^laxwell : county comanissioners Jacob 
Smith, James Snowden and John McLane ; 
county sur\eyor. James Galloway : assc-ci- 
ate judges, Benjamin Whiteman and James 
Barrett; ccroaier. James Popeni»e. 

1806. Clerk of court. Ji»hn Paul; 
county recorder. John Paul ; sheriff. Will- 
iam Maxwell; county commissioners, James 
Snowden. Jolm McLane and \\'illiam A. 
Beatty ; county treasurer. James Galloway, 
Sr. ; county surveyor, James Galloway, Jr. : 
associate judges. David Huston. James Bar- v 
rett and Josiah Grover; coroner, James 

1S07. Clerk of court. John Paul; 
recorder, John Paul ; sheriff. James Collier : 
commissioners. James Snowden John . Mc- 
Lane and Andrew Read; treasurer. James 
Gallowav, Sr. ; survevor. Tames Gallowav. 



Jr.: coruner, James Popenoe; associate 
judges, James Banett, Josiali Grover and 
Da\id Huston. V 

1S08. Clerk 1)4" court, John Paul: 
recorder, J. lin Paul: sheriff. James Collier; 
treasurer. James Galloway. Sr. ; commis- 
sioners, J(,hn McLane, Andrew Read and 
James Mcrrcw ; surveyor, James Galloway, 
Jr.: ])rosecuting- attorney, John Ale.xander. 
associate jutlges. vDavid Hustwi, James 
Barrett and Josiah r.rover; coroner, James 

1809. Clerk of curt. Jisiah Grover; 
recorder, Josiah Grover; sheriff, James 
Collier; treasurer, James Galloway, Sr. ; 
C( nnnissioners, Andrew Read. James Mor- 
row and William Buckles; surveyor, James 
Galloway, Jr. ; prosecuting attorney, Joihn 
Ale.xander ; 'associate judges, David Hus- 
ton. James Barrett and James Snowden ; 
coroner, William Campbell. 

1810. Clerk of court, Josiah Grover; 
recorder, losiali Grover; sheriff. James 
Collier: treasurer, James Grdloway. Sr. : 
conmiissioners. James Morrow. William 
Buckles and John Haines ; surveyor, Sam- 
uel Kyle : prosecuting attorney, John Alex- 
ander; associate judges, ^^^ David Huston, 
James Snowden and Samuel Kyle : cori>ner, 
William Cam]jbell. 

181 1. Clerk of court, Josiah Grover; 
reci rder. Josiah Grover: sheriff", James 
Collier; treasurer. James Galloway, Sr. ; 
commissioners, William Buckles, John 
Haines and Sanniel Gamble : surveyor. 
Samuel Kyle ; prosecuting attorney, John 
Alexander ; associate judges, John ^IcLane 
and Samuel Kyle; coroner, William! Camp- 

i8rj. Clerk of court, Josiah Grover: 
rec<: rder. Jcxsiah Grover : treasurer, James 
Galli:.wav, .Sr. : commissioners, John Haines, 

Thomas Ifunter and Peter Pelliam; sur- 
veyor, Samuel Kyle; prosecuting attornev, 
Ji hn Alexander: associate judges, John 
McLane, Samuel Kyle; coroner, \Villiam 
Campbell ; sheriff, James Collier. 

1813. Clerk of court, Josiah Grover; 
recorder. Jcsia'h Grover; sheriff', Joihn Hiv- 
ling; treasurer, James Galloway, Sr. ; com- 
missicmers, Thomas Hunter, Peter Pelham 
and Benjamin Grover ; surveyor. Samuel 
Kyle; prosecuting attorney. John Alex- 
ander; associate judges. Jacob Haines. 
Samuel Kyle; coroner. William Toavnsley. 

1814. Clerk of court, Josiah Grover; 
recorder, Josiah Grover; sheriff, John Hiv- 
ling; commissioners, Benjamin Grover, 
Thcmas- Hunter and Peter Pelham; sur- 
veyor. Samuel Kyle: prosecuting attorney. 
\\"illiam Ellsberry; associate judges. Jacob 
Haines and Samuel Kyle: coroner. William 

1815. Clerk of court. Josiah Grover: 
reci;rder. Josiah Grover; sheriff. James 
Po:peno.e: treasurer, James Galloway. Sr. ; 
cotmmissioners. Benjamin Grover, Thomas 
Hunter and Peter Pelham : surveyor. Sam- 
uel' Kyle: ])rosecuting attornev. William 
Ellsberry : associate jtidges. Jacob Haines, 

ijSamuel Kvle and David Huston : coroner, 
George Allen. 

1816. Clerk of court, Josiah Grover; 
recorder ; Josiah Grover : sheriff, James 
Popenoe ; treasurer, James Gallo^way, Sr. ; 
commissioners. Thomas Hunter, Samluel 
Gamble and John^ Haines : surveyor. Moses 
Collier; prosecuting attorney, Joshua Col- 
lett ; associate judges, Jacob Haines. Sam- 
uel Kyle and^avid Huston ; coTCiier. James 

181 7. Clerk of court, Josiah Grover; 
recccder. Josiah Grover; sheriff, James 
Popenoe: treasurer, James Galloway. Sr. ; 

--2 38 


comniisioners, Tlionias Hunter. John 
Haines and David Conley : suneyer. Muses 
Collier; prosecuting attorney. Joshua Col- 
lett ; associate judges. Jacob Haines. Sam- 
uel Kyle and David Huston ; coroner. James 

1818. Clerk of court. Josiah Grover; 
recorder. Josiah Grover; sheriff. James 
Poj)enoe ; treasurer. James Galloway. Sr. ; 
commissioners, Thomas Hunter. Da\'id 
Conlev and Peter Pelham : siu'veyor. Moses 
Collier; prosecuting attorney. John Alex- 
ander; associate judges. Jacob Haines Sam- 
uel Kyle and .David Huston ; coroner. James 

1819. Clerk of court. Josiah Grover; 
recorder. Josiah Grover; sheriff'. John 
Smith; treasurer, Ryan Gowdy; commis- 
sioners. David Conley, Peter Pelham and 
John Sterritt; surveyor. Moses Collier; 
prosecuting attorney. John Alexander; as- 
stKiate judges. John Clark. Samuel Kyle 
and . David Huston ; coroner, James Col- 

1820. Clerk of court, Josiah Grover; 
recorder, Josiah Grover; auditor. Peter Pel- 
ham; sheriff, John Smith: treasurer. Ryan 
Gowdy; commissioners. Da\i(l Conley. 
Peter Pelham and John Sterritt ; surveyor, 
Moses Collier; prosecuting attorney, John 
Alexander; associate judges, J(vhn Clark, 
Samuel Kyle and. David Huston ; coroner, 
David Conley. 

182 1. Clerk of court. Josiah Grover; 
recorder, Josiah Grover; auditor, George 
Townsley ; sheriff, John Smith ; treasurer, 
James Gowdy; commissioners. David Con- 
ley, John Sterritt and William Buckles : 
surveyor, Moses Collier; prosecuting at- 
torney, John Alexander; associate judges, 
John Clark, Samuel Kyle and David Hus- 
ton ; coroner. Tames Collier. 

1822. Clerk of court, Ji>siah Grover; 
reci'rder. Josiah Gri\er: auditor. George 
Townsley ; sheriff', John Smith ; treasurer, 
James Gowdy; commissioners, David Con- 
ley, John Sterritt and Stephen Bell ; sur- 
veyor, Moses Collier : prosecuting attorney. 
Jiihn Alexander; associate judges, John 
Clark, Samuel Kyle and --David Huston ; 
coroner, James Collier. 

1823. Clerk of court, Josiah Grover: 
recorder, Josiah Grover : auditor. George 
Townsley ; sheriff. John Smith : treasurer, 
James Gowdy: commissioners, John Ster- 
ritt. Stephen Bell and Samuel Shaw : sur- 
veyor. Moses Collier; prosecuting attorney. 
John Alexander; associate judges. John 
Clark. Samuel Kyle and -David Huston : 
coroner James Collier. 

1824. Clerk of court, Josiah Grover: 
recorder, Josiah Grover; auditor, George 
Townsley ; sheriff'. James Popenoe ; treas- 
urer. James Gowdy : commissioners. John 
Sterritt. Stephen Bell and Samuel Shaw ; 
surveyor. !Moses Collier; prosecuting attor- 
ney. John Alexander ; associate judges. 
John Clark. Sanniel Kyle and David Hus- 
ton : coroner. James Collier. 

1825. Clerk of cuurt, Josiah Grover: 
recorder. Josiah Grover; auditor. George 
Townsley; sheriff. James Pt>penoe; treas- 
urer. James Gowdy; commissioners. Sam- 
uel Shaw. Stephen Bell and William 
Buckles: surveyor. ]\Ioses Cullier; prose- 
cuting attorney. John Alexander ; associate 
judges. John Clark. Samuel Kyle and David 
Huston ; coroner, James Collier. 

1826. Clerk of court. Josiah Grover: 
recorder. Josiah Grover ; auditor. George 
Townsley; sheriff'. James Popenoe; treas- 
urer. James Gowdy; commissioners. Ste- 
phen Bell. IMathias \Vinans and William 
Buckles ; surveyor. Moses Collier : prose- 



cutiiis' atti rney, J(phn Alexander; associate 
judges, Jolm Clark. Samuel K_\le and David 
Huston ; ccroner, James Collier. 

1827. Clerk of court, Josiah Grover; 
recorder. Josiah Grover: auditor. George 
Townsley : sheriff, James A. Scott; treas- 
urer, James Gowdy; commissioners. Will- 
iam Buckles, ]\Iathias Winans and Simeon 
Dunn: surve}'or, Moses Collier; prosecut- 
ing attorney, John Alexander; associate- 
judges, Joihn Clark, Samuel Kyle and Da\itl 
Huston, coroner, James CciUier. 

i8j8. Clerk of court, Josiah Grover; 
recorder, Josiah Gro\-er; auditor, \\"illiam 
Richards; treasurer, Samuel Newcomh; 
commissioners, William Buckles, Siinleon 
Dunn and Mathias \\'inans ; surveyor, 
Moses Collier; prosecuting attorney, John 
Alexander: associate judges, John Clark, 
Samuel Kyle and David Huston : inlirm- 
arv directors, George Townsley, William 
McKni.ght and Galloway ; coroner, 
JauTCS Collier; sheriff. James A. Scott. 

1829. Clerk (if court, Josiah Grover; 
recorder, Josiah Grover: auditor. William 
Richards: sheriff. James A. Scott; treas- 
urer. Sanuiel Newcomh: comtmissioners. 
Willianii P.uckles, Saniuel Gowdy and John 
Barber; survevor. Mouses Collier; coroner, 
lames Collier; infirmary directors, George 
Gallc'way, Samuel Gowdy and Abraham 
Larew ; prosecutin.g attorney, John Alex- 
ander: associate judges, John Clark, Sam- 
uel Kyle and David Huston. 

1830. Clerk oi court. James L. Grover: 
rec(>rder, John H. McPhersoat: auditor, 
William Richards.; sheriff. James A. Scott; 
treasurer, Sairuuel Xewcomb : commission- 
ers. William Buckles, Samuel Gowdy and 
Joihn Barber; surveyor, Robert Watson: 
coroner, James Collier ; infinnary directors, 
George GalloAvay, George Townsley and 

J. Davison; prosecuting attorney, John 
Alexander; associate judges, John Clark, 
Samuel Kyle and David Huston. 

1831. Clerk of court, James L. 
Grover; recorder, John H. ^IcPherson: 
auditor, William Richards ; sheriff", James 
A. Sccitt ; treasurer, Samuel Xewcomb ; 
commissioners, William Buckles, Samuel 
Gowdy and John Barber; survey(;.r, Robert 
\\'ats<)n: coroner, James Collier; infirmary 
directiirs, Galloway, George Towns- 
lev and J. Davison: pri.secuting attorney, 
John Alexander: associate judges, John 
Clark, Samuel Kyle and David Huston. 

1832. Clerk of court, James* L. 
Gnn-er; recorder, John A. Mcpherson; 
auditor, William Richards; sheriff", Ames 
Quinn ; treasurer, Samuel Xewcomb: cor- 
oner, James Collier ; commissioners, Will- 
iam Buckles, John Barber and John Fudge; 
surveyor, Robert Watson: infirmary di- 
rectors, George Galloway, George Towns- 
ley and Josiah Gro\-er : prosecuting attor- 
ney, C. Clark; assi.iciate judges, John 
Clark, Samuel Kyle and David Huston. 

1833. Clerk of court, James L. 
Grover; recorder. John H. McPherson; 
auditor, Williann Richards ; sheriff", Amos 
Quinn; coroner. James Collier: treasurer, 
Samuel X'ewcomb : commissioners, William 
B^uckles, John Fudge and Ryan Gowdy; 
surveyor, Robert Watson ; infirmary di- 
rectors, George Townsley, Samuel Gowdy 
and Josiah Grover; prosecuting attorney, 
C. Clark; associate judges, Sinneon Dunn, 
Samuel Kyle and David Huston. 

1834. Clerk of court, Janies _ L. 
Grover: recorder, John H. McPherson; 
auditor, Williani Richards : sheriff', Amos 
Quinn ; treasurer, Samuel Xewcomb : com- 
missioners, \\'illiam, Buckles, Jolm Fudge 
and R\-an Gowdy; coroner, John Schnelily: 



biir\e}( r, Muses Lillier: inhrniai)- ilirec- 
turs, George Townsley, Samuel Gowcly and 
Jcsiah Grcver: prcsecuting attorney. Cor- 
nelius Clark; associate judges. Simeon 
Dunn. Samuel Kyle and David Huston. 

1835. Clerk of court. James L. 
Grover; recnrder. John H. McPherson ; 
auditi-r, Williami' Richards : sheriff. Amos 
Ouinn; treasurer. Samuel Xewcomb; cor- 
oner, John Schnebly: commissioners. John 
Fudge, Ryan Gowdy and Timothy G. 
Bates; surveyor. Moses Collier: infinnary 
directors, Samuel Gowdy, John Ankeney 
and Josiah Grover : prosecuting attorne\-. 
Cornelius Clark; associate judges. Simeon 
Dunn. Samuel Kyle and David Huston. 

1836. Clerk of court. James L. 
Grc.ver: recorder. John H. McPherson ; 
au|ditor, Williami Richards ; sheriff. Amos 
Ouinn; coroner. William Cobum Robinson; 
treasurer. Samuel Xewcomb; commission- 
ers. Juhn Fudge. Ryan Gowdy antl Tim- 
othy G. Bates; surveyor, Moses Collier: in- 
tirmary directors. Samuel Gowdy, John 
Ankeney and Sanmiel Cnnnbaugh ; prose- 
cuting attorney, William Ellsberry : asso- 
ciate judges. Simeon Dunn. Samuel Kyle 
and David Huston. 

T837. Clerk of court, Thornton Mar- 
shall ; recorder. John H. McPherson ; aud- 
itor. Thomas Cc^ke Wright: sheriff'. Amos 
Quinn ; coroner, W. C. Robinson ; treas- 
urer. Samuel Xewcomb; connnissioners. 
Ji hn Fudge. Daniel Lewis and Ebenezer 
Steele; infirmary directors, Samuel Gowdy, 
John Ankenev- and Samuel Crumljaugh ; 
prosecuting attorney, \\'illiam Ellsberry; 
associate judges, Simeon Dunn, SannieJ 
Kyle and .David Huston. 

1S38. Clerk of court, Thornton ^Mar- 
shall ; reccrder, John H. McPherson ; 

auditor, Thomas Coke Wright: sheriff'. 
James A. Scott ; coroner, Casper L. Mer- 
rick ; treasurer. Samuel Xewcomb ; commis- 
sioners. John Fudge, Daniel Lewis and 
Ebenezier Steele ; surveyor. Moses Collier ; 
infirmary directors. Samuel Gowdy, John 
Ankeney and Samnel Cnnnbaugh ; prose- 
cuting attorney, R. C. Poland: associate 
judges. Simeon Dunn. Sanuiel Kyle and 
David Huston. 

1839. Clerk of court, Thixnton Mar- 
shall ; recorder, John H. McPherson ; 
auditor. Thomas Coke ^\'right ; sheriff. 
James A. Scott; coroner. Casper L. Mer- 
rick; treasurer. Sanniel Xewcomb; com- 
missioners. John Fudge, Daniel Lewis and 
E. Steele; surveyor, Moses Collier; infirm- 
ary directors, Samuel Gowdy. John An- 
keney and Samuel Crumbaugh ; prosecut- 
ing attorney. R. C. Poland ; associate 
judges. Simeon Dunn, Samuel Kyle and 
David Huston. 

1840. Clerk of court. Thornton Mar- 
shall: recorder, John H. McPherson: 
auditi-r. Thomas Coke Wright ; sheriff'. 
William) Coburn Robinson ; coroner, Juhn 
Duncan; treasurer. Alfred Trader; com- 
missioners, John Fudge, Daniel Lewis and 
Bennet Lewis ; surveyor. Closes Collier : 
infirmary directors. Samuel Gowdy, Jolm 
Ankeney and Samuel Crumbaugh : prose- 
cuting attorney, R. C. P<.iland : associate 
judges. Simeon Dunn, Sanmiel Kyle and 
David Huston. 


As may l>e supposed the task of gather- 
ing this material has been no easy one, 
with nothing direct on record in our 



count}- records, concerning the war with 
Great Britain. Tlie roster of the soldiers 
in that war has I)een taken from the booiks 
on file in tlie adjutant general's office in 
Columlxis, and by incjuiry and researches in 
different t(nvnshii)s in the county. And 
after the lapse o'f over three-fourths of a 
centiu'v if some names ha\'e been omitted, 
or if in putting ihe names in correct al[)ha- 
betical order, it has iwt been done accord- 
ing" to Webster. I am in hopes it will be 

In June. 1S12, the United States de- 
clared war against Great Britain. In this 
war the west was a principal theater. De- 
feat, disaster and disgrace marked its open- 
ing scenes, but the latter extents O'f the con- 
test were a series of siilendid achievements. 
Crogan's gallant defense of Fort Steven- 
son; Perry's victory upon Lake Erie; the 
total defeat by Harrison, of the allied 
Britisb and savages under Proctor and Te- 
cumseh on the Thames ; and the great clos- 
ing triumph of Jackson at Xew Orleans, 
reflected the most brilliant luster upon the 
.-Vnierican arms. In every vicissitude of 
this contest the conduct of OhiO' was emi- 
nently patrii)tic and honorable. \\"Iien the 
necessities oif the national go\-ernment com- 
pelled congi'ess toi resort toi a direct tax, 
Ohio, for successive years cheerfully as- 
sumed and promptly paid her quota out of 
her state treasun,-. Her sons volunteered 
with alacrity their sen-ices in the iield, and 
no tnx)ips more patiently endured hardships 
or performed better service: hardly a bat- 
tle was fought in the northwest in which 
suiue of the brave citizen soldiers did not 
seal their devotion to their country with 
their blood. 

After the breaking out of hostilities, the 
settlers of Greene count}- were continually 


called upon f(;r services, generally of a 
ver\- difficult and dangerous nature. The 
companies composing these expeditions at 
times were of a very singular elen^ent, most 
of the privates being men high in military 
title and rank embracing in its ranks such 
men as Alajor James Galloway, Captain 
Ct^nstant, Captain Robert Gowdy, Colonel 
Robert Buckles, Captain George Junkin, 
.\djutant \\'illiam Rogers, and others. One 
company so constituted was placed under the 
command' of Captain James ^lorrow ; an- 
other company under Captain Samuel Her- 
rod, of Ross township. The object of the lat- 
ter was to guard a train of pack-horses (no 
use for the aniiy wagon in those days) 
from Fort McArthurt to Fort Finley, a very 
dangerous enterprise it may well be sup- 
posed, considering the hostile nature of the 
country, swarming with savage Indians. 
On this expedition, wihen near Fort Mc- 
-\rtluu-, they were met by an express or 
messenger, who told them that the fort was 
surrounded by savages, and of course they 
would have to fight their way intO' it. The 
news served only to- hasten their progress, 
but on arriving at the fort they found the 
report of the express e.xaggerated. The In- 
dians were in the vicinity it was true, but 
they exi>erienced no difficulty in making 
their way into the fort. 

At this time occurred the death of a 
^Ir. Cunningham, of Bellbrook, who' was 
shot through the body by Indiau bullets. 
Captain Robert McClellan, of Sugarcreek 
township, Greene county, was then in com- 
niiand ol" Fort McArthur with his company 
from said township. Our old and respected 
friend Thonias Coke Wlright (deceased), 
gave the following account of this sad 
event : "Captain Robert ]\IcClelIan, w-ho re- 
centlv died in Greene countv, was brave 



even t(> rashness. While lie Cdiiinianded at 
F(.)rt Art-Arthur (ine ol' his men went a 
short distance In mi the walls fnr the [mr- 
pose of ]ieeliiig bark. While he was en- 
gaged on a tree he was shot twice thnmgh 
the l)od_v by a couple of Indians in ambush, 
whose ritles went off so near together that 
their reports were barely distinguishable. 
Ik- uttered one piercing scream of agony 
and ran with alnmst superhuman speed, but 
fell before he readied the fort. An instant 
alarm was spread through the garrison, and 
the thought was no doubt entertained that 
this was the commencement of a general 
attack, which had long l>een e.xpected. In- 
stead ol shutting the gates to keep out 
danger, McClellan seized his ritle and call- 
ing on some of his men tO' folloAV (of which 
few obeyed ) lie hastened to the jjlace of 
ambush and made diligent search for the 
eiiemv, who liy an instant and ra])id retreat 
had effected their escajie : nor did he return 
until he had scoured the woods' all an.iund 
in the vicinity of the fort. The site of Fort 
Mc.\rtliur was about three miles southwest 
of Kenton. Hardin county." Two sons of 
the old hero. Cajitain Robert McClellan, 
namely: ])avi<l and William Mcriellan. are 
yet (1901) living west of .\enia, beside 
other descendants. 

But to resume the story r;f Captain Sam- 
uel Herrod's ccnnpany. a.v tnld l)y David M. 
Laughead. wlm was alnng with this expedi- 
tion. "The ciimpany reached its destination 
without mishap, and returned soon after. 
When near Crliana. on their returii, they 
were met liy (icneral I'enjamin Whiteman 
and Dr. Joshua Martin, wh(i informed them 
that the citizens of Xenia were excited over a 
runn r that the whc;le company except three 
had been murdered by the Indians and that 
thev had been clu'sen to' advance into the 

enemy's cnuntry and ascertain the truth of 
the report. The meeting-, under the circum- 
stances was a joyful one. and the members 
of the company breaking ranks made their 
way to Xenia, arriving on Sabbath morn- 
ing, when the citizens were wending their 
way to church." 

An act had been passed authorizing the 
president to detach one liuirdred thousand 
militia fur si.x months also fi.;r organizing 
the regular army. The same month a 
requisition was made by the president upon 
Ohio for twelve hundred militia, in obedi- 
ence to which Governor Meigs issued or- 
ders to the major generals of the middle 
and western cli\-ision of the state to' meet 
in Dayton with their respective (pii;tas 
April 2gth. With an ardor and lo\-e of 
country unsurpassed, many more than were 
wanted tendered their services, and the best 
citizens docked in from Greene, Montgom- 
ery, Warren and Miami literally contend- 
ing with each other as to who should go 
iirst. The officers for the three regiments 
formed were respectively, Duncan McAr- 
thur. colonel ; James Denney and William 
A. Trimble, majors of the First Regiment. 
James Findle\', ci'lonel: Thiimas Moore and 
Thomas B. VanHorn. majors of the Sec- 
ond Regiment. Lewis Cass, colonel : Rob- 
ert Morrison and J. R. ]\lunson, majors of 
the Third Regiment. 

On the 25th of May, 1812, they were 
formally put under the command of Gen- 
eral Hull, governor of the territory, and 
su];erintendent of Indian aft'airs. Speeches 
were made by Governor Meigs, Colonel 
Cass and (leneral Hull and the fire of patri- 
(.itism and military ardi.M" burned bright in 
every bosom, and all things looked Auspi- 
cious. June 1st the arniy marched up the 
Miami to Stanton in Miami county, where 



they halted until their baggage came up 
the river in boats, on the arrival of which 
they cuntinued their iniarch to L'rbana, 
about thirty miles east of Stanton, where 
on the Sth they were informed that thev 
would lie reviewed by the governor and 
some Indian chiefs. June 15th the armv 
broke camp and miarched for Detroit, on 
their \\a_\' wading through a swamp knee 
deep fi.r over f(.'rty miles. On Saturda}-. 
Septem'ber 22nd. news reached Dayton that 
Hull had surrendered at Detroit August 
16th. This created intense excitement and 
consternatii n along the frontier counties, 
and steps were taken at once to organize 
the militia. There were over forty thou- 
sand dollars' worth of stores at l'i(|ua, and 
the Indians who had assembled there at the 
grand co.uncil were still hanging aromnd. 
Hand bills were distributed calling upon 
all able Ijrdicd citizens to meet with arms 
at Dayton immediatey, to march to the re- 
lief of the frontiers. On Sabbath moming 
before seven o'clock a comjiany o^f seventy 
men was raised, and under marching orders 
for Piqua in a few hours, led by Captain 
James Steele, at that time a resident of 
Sugarcreek township, Greene county. Be- 
fore the morroiw seven other companies 
were raised from the surrounding coiun- 
try, with Captain Caldwell's troop O'f 
horse and Johnson's Rifle Company, from 
Warren county, which later, in company 
with Captain Davis' battalion, left on Mt)n- 
day. General Benjamin Whiteman. of Mi- 
ami count}-, marched with nearly a full 

The list that lias been prepared will 
further along show who many of these 
Iira\-e boys were and where they belonged, 
although for years they have been in their 

graves, yet after ahnost one hundred years 
their memory shall be kept green. 

The governor gave General Munger 
command at Picpia and had the stores re- 
mo\-ed to Dayton. The whole country was 
thoroughly aroused to a sense of the emi- 
nent danger that threatened, the frontiers. 
Troops were rapidly pushed forward toi re- 
sist the expected attack of the Englisih and 
Indians, led by tlie infamons Proctor and 
Tecmnseh, in the main, whose scattering 
bands were infesting the isolated settle- 
ments. The excitement was intense ; all 
men capable of bearing arms were scouting 
or in the army. The women and children 
were huddled together in lilock-houses. In 
this connection we submit the following 
from Hug"h Andrew, who is still rem'?m- 
bered Ijy manv persons living today. He 
says : 

"Idull, who surrendered at Detroit, was 
coniimander of all the northwestern arnuies, 
except a few companies of rangers quar- 
tered in block-houses. Prirr to his defeat 
he was encamped at Dax'tin, and I was 
then a private. 1 was on duty during a 
greater portion of the war, but did not en- 
gage in any active battle. My company 
was encamped some time on the Sandusky 
river. One night I was detailed for guard 
dnty : nothing unusual occurred until the 
dawning of the morning, when I heard the 
rustling of the thicket a short distance fror.i 
my post ; peering through the semi-dark- 
ness, I saw a dark object approaching, 
could not discern its features, but con- 
cluded naturally that they were those of an 
Indian. It came yet a- little closer and 
stopped. I brought my gun to my shoul- 
(der and took aim and fired. A loud re- 
port and all was silent, and when the sni'oke 



hiid cleared a\\a_\- 1 jjerceixed the (hject liad 
vanished. Upmi I)eing relieved I went to 
the spot where 1 had seen the Indian (as 
I supposed), saw spots of blood, by which 
1 tracked him to^ the rear of the guard 
house, thence farther beyond the limits of 
the camp where I discovered the carcass of 
a hog. that had strayed from some settle- 
ment. Thus ended my experience in In- 
dian killing. 

"The announcement of Hull's surrender 
reached Xenia on the Sabbath day. while 
the people were attending worship. They 
were panic stricken as it was considered 
that we were on the frontier and liable t'.- 
be invaded Ijv the British armies without a 
moment's warning. Simultaneously with 
the news of the surrender an order was is- 
sued requesting the First Regiment, com- 
posed partly of Greene county men, to re- 
port at Yellow Springs on the following 
morning ( Monday) at ten o'clock. I was 
then in my eighteenth year, in the vigor of 
youth, and mounting my Iiorse, rode to 
Xenia. Here we equipped ourselves with 
the necessaries- of war, and were on the 
ground at the appointed time. \\'e did camp 
duty that night, and on the morrow 
marched to Urbana, where we remained 
several days. A large concoin-se of people 
had -been gathered here from all parts of 
this section. \vho were willing and anxious 
to answer the country's call. After several 
days' delay, and a protracted discussion, 
it was decided that a portion of the First 
Regiment would proceed northward, while 
all others should return to their homes and 
await further orders. In 1813 Fort ]\Ieigs 
was beseiged by the British and Indians. 
A call was made for a volunteer regiment 
of mounted militia. I volunteered with 
about seven hundred from this countv. \\"e 

were out a short time, and then (jrdered to 
go back to Xenia. On our return we were 
met by a call for vi^ilunteers to be stationed 
at Fort McArthur, until the arrival of a 
drafted company. I volunteered again, and 
at the expiratiiin of twenty days we were 
relieved by a company in clfarge of Captain 
Robert ^IcClellan. from Sugarcreek town- 
ship, Greene coimty. 

"In the miiuth of August, 1813, there 
was an urgent call for a company of \'olun • 
teers tOi guard a train of proA'isions which 
was being con\'eyed from Fort ]\Ic.\rthur 
to Fort Finley. Tiigether with fifty-one 
others I answeretl the call. The train con- 
sisted (f pack-horses loaded with bacon, 
to secure the safe deliverv <.)f which it was 
necessary to provide a strong guard. The 
service was performed successfully, and the 
companv' voted to join a detachment near 
Upper Sandusky. Upon our arri\'al it was 
whispered that the camp was surrounded 
by Indians. At night the fires were put o-ut, 
the sentry called in, and arrangements 
made to march to an open plain, where we 
cmild more successfully defend ourselves, 
which place was reached in safety. We 
waded the river and took possession of 
Fort Wall, then unoccupied. On the fol- 
lowing" day we marched to Upper San- 

"During the battle of Lower Sandusky 
(or Fort Stephenson) our forces were 
commanded by General Corwin. He took 
possession of the fort. Imt was ordered by 
General Harrison to evacuate the same. 
Harrison was well aware that the enemy 
far exceeded the American forces in point 
of numl>ers, and concluded that the latter 
must withdraw at once to avoid overwhelm- 
ing defeat. Corwin was loath to leave Ije- 
hind him the provisions and equipments. 



and (lisol)eye(l orders. Under his direction 
a number of men were detailed to strengtli- 
en the tort, and dig a trencli around the 
same. On top of the wall was placed a 
huge cannon, charged with log chains. 
\\'hen the British began to storm the furt 
they descended to the ditch. Here they 
were charged upon and slain by the hun- 
dreds and ere long beat a hasty retreat, 
leaving behind a number of prisoners. 
Corwin was promoted on the spot, and re- 
mained in the regular service until the 
commencement of the Civil war, at which 
time he died in Xew Orleans."' 

.Sugarcreek township was well repre- 
sented in the war (^f 1812. ■ Captain Ammi 
Maltbie of that to\vnshi[) had the honor of 
erecting a block-house at what was called 
McPherson's Station. There were several 
stations in I.ogan county, namely: Man- 
arv'-, McPherson's, \'ance's and Isaac 
Zane's. .Manary's was built by Captain 
Tame> Manary. of Ross county, and was 
situated three miles north of Bellefontaine. 
' n the farm of John Laney. McPherson's, 
a-s has lieen stated, was built by Captain 
Ma'tbie and his men. and was situated 
three-fourths of a mile n<irth\vest of Belle- 
fontaine. X'ance's. built l)y Ex-Governor 
Aance. then captain of a Rifle Company, 
stood i.n a high Ijluff . m the margin of a 
prairie, about a mile east of Logansville. 
Zane's was at Zanesheld. This Isaac Zane 
deserves more than a passing notice. In 
tiie first organization of (jreene c< unity 
Isaac Zane's name appears upon the enu- 
meration list of Bea\-ercreek township, one 
of the four townships into which Greene 
county had been diyi'led. His name also 
appears among sundry court papers, where 
he had business with the courts of this coun- 
tv wliile he was a citizen of the countv. 

He was born about 1753, south of the 
Potomac in \'irginia. and at the age of nine 
years was taken prisoner by the W'yandots 
and carried to Detroit. He remained wit! 
his captors until the age of manhood, when 
like must prisoners taken in youth, he re- 
fused to return to his friends and home. 
He married a Wyandot woman front Can- 
ada, of half French blood, and took nO' part 
in the war of the Revolution. After the 
treaty of Greenville in 1795. he bought a 
tract of eighteen hundred acres on the site 
of Zanesfield. where he lived until his death 
in 18 iG. .\t the breaking out of the war 
many Inmdred friendl}- Indians were col- 
lected and stationed at Zane's and AlcPher- 
son's block-houses, under the protection of 
the governm-ent who for a short time kept 
a guard t^f soldiers over them. It was at 
first feared that they would take up arms 
against the Americans, but subsecpient 
e\-ents dissipating their apprehensions they 
were allowed to disperse. 

Major James Galloway was up in that 
part r;f the country in 1800, and there is no 
doubt but that he was well acquainted with 
Zane. McPherson and other noted pioneers 
of that section. Vears afterward he ga\-e 
from miemory his recollection of that pa-'t 
which had been formerly Greene countv. 
Major James Galloway was on the River 
Raisin under General Tupper in the de- 
fense of the frontier, being appointed to 
the position of major and in tiiat capacity 
he served during the campaign. Little can 
be found among the records of our county 
in reference to the war oi 18 12. Among 
Major Galloway's private papers can be 
found here and there indications rf his 
serx'ices as majcr in the First Regimeni. 
which was called into the ser\'ice of the 
United State-; during the war. Receipts 



had Ijeen given by ihe live captains \vh) 
were uniler Iiim iur tlie supplies that were 
needed in tiie service. The first one was 
for ten blankets for the company of Captain 
Samuel Black, date, November 6. 1812. 
place, Camp McArthur. Under the same 
date and place and for same supplies, 
signed Captain Jacob Shingledecker. Cap- 
tain Martin Armstn ng. John Owens and 
James Redding. Same place, date and sup- 
plies, and again later, January 30, 1813. 
received of Major Galloway one comniion 
tent, and kettle. Signed J. Tay- 
lor. And again February 27, 1S13 to 
Major Galloway, one wall tent and camp 
kettle. Signed. C. S. ]\Iur : place, Miami 
Rapids. Fnim the above receipts we would 
infer that Captains Samuel Black. Jacob 
Siiingledecker. Martin Armstrong, James 
Redding and J. Taylor were the command- 
ers of companies under Major Galloway. 

Another instance brings to our recoil- 
lecticn that grand old ])ioineer preacher, the 
Rev. Robert .\rmstrong. wlio was the pas- 
tor of Massiescreek congregation! ( Steven- 
son's) for seventeen years. It is said of 
him that once during the war of 1812 word 
came on the Sabl)ath while they were con- 
gregated f(-r worship that the Indians were 
expected to show hostilities immediately. 
The people were dismissed in the midst of 
his sermon and the preacher and his duck 
returneil tn tlie nearest house and began 
molding bullets and otherwise preparing 
for war. and not far away was heard the 
sound of the hammer in a blacksmith's 
shop of parties engaged in making knives, 
tomahawks and other articles tliat could lie 
used in a hand-to-hand contest, but fortu- 
nately no violence was attempted 

1 is r.:> wcni'-^r that in the late Civil 

war there were so many recruits raised in 
the neighborhorxl of Clark's Run. and the 
old church yard, for in it lie buried some 
twenty-fi\e or thirtv of those who partici- 
pated in the War of 181 2. And besides 
tliese there ''re also some nine or ten who 
were soldiers in the War of the Rexolution. 
the ancestors of the "Boys in Blue." 
"Blood is thicker than water, and will tell." 
a sa\ ing that was manifest in the recruits of 
the late war to a remarkable extent. 

That part of Xeuia township lying nortli 
and west of the Little Miami river, embrac- 
ing one school sub-district and a fractional 
part of another, contained, during the Civil 
war, i)etween twenty-five and thirty voter? : 
it.s enthusiasm was so great that it fur- 
nished thirty.-se\en recruits for the army, a 
matter perhaps unparalleled in the whole 
Union. About one-third were boys under 
twenty years of age. 


In the following list we give the name 
of the so>ldier. with the tow nsliip from w hich 
he enlisted, followed h\ the name of the caj3- 
tain of the company, with remarks accom- 
panying where something was learned of the 
])erson : 

-Aiulerson. Daniel. Xenia : Roliert Gowdy. captain: 

married Jane Dinsmore. Scptcnil)er 4. 181 7: died 

September 24. i86i. aged 70 years, in the Union 

.-\nder?on. Robert. Ceasar's Creek; Joseph Luca5, 

captain : married Mary Campbell. September 5, 
-Anderson, John 11.. Sugar Creek: Aninii Maltbie. 

captain. He was the son of John Anderson, Sr. ; 

married Hannah Painter. February 18. 1806. 
Anderson. David. Miami: James Galloway, captain: 

buried in Clifton cemetery. 
Anderson. James. Sugar Creek: Ammi Mahbie. 

captain : buried in Clifton cemetery. 



Anderson. Mason. Sugar Creek; .\nimi Maltbie. 

Anderson. William, Xenia : James Morrow, captain; 
son-in-law of Joseph Kyle, Sr. ; died September, 
1853. aged seventy-eight; buried in Massie's 
Creek churchyard. 

.Alexander. .Matthew. Xenia: Samuel Herrod. cap- 
tain ; buried in Jamestown cemetery, or else on 
his farm. 

Alexander. John. Xenia; Robert Gowdy. captain; 
died January 30. 1865. aged seventy years; buried 
an Woodland. Xenia. 

Adams. Eli. Xenia ; Robert Gowdy. captain ; August 
2. 1810. married Elizabeth Seeks. 

.'\dams. Ephraim. Miami : Robert Gowdy. captain. 

.•\ndrew. Robert, Caesar's Creek ; Jbhn Watson, 

.^ndrew. Samuel. Caesar's Creek : John Watson, cap- 
'tain : removed to Clinton county. Ohio. 

Andrew. Hugh. Xenia; James Morrow, captain; 
died March 15. 1881. buried in Woodland, Xenia, 
aged seventy-two years. 

.■\nilrew. James. Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellan. 
captain; died March 30. 1824; buried in Massie's 
Creek (Stevenson) churchyard. 

Allen. Benjamin. Sug-ir Creek; John Clark, captain; 
died .^pril 15. 1868. aged eighty-two years; buried 
in Woodland, Xenia. 

.Mien. Edward. Sugar Creek: John Clark, captain; 
buried in gravevard south of Xew Burlington, 

Allen. Jackson. Sugar Creek; John Clark, captain; 
died September 15. 1857. near Topeka. Kansas. 

Aley. John, Beaver Creek ; Jacob Shingledecker, cap- 
tain ; soldier in War of 1812 ; buried in the .\ley 

.'\nkency, Henry, Bath : Jacob Shingledecker. cap- 
tain ; buried in Union graveyard. Byron ; died 
May 18. 1850. 

.\rthur. Charles. Vance ; Samuel Stewart, captain. 

.■\lsop. John. Vance; Samuel Stewart, captain. 

.\llen. Joseph, Sugar Creek; John Clark, captain; 
grandfather of John C. Tanner : buried in Caes- 
ar's Creek graveyard, two miles southwest of 
North Burlington. 

Bowers. John. Xenia: unknown; buried in Wood- 
land. Xenia : the old drayman of Xenia ; died 

Binkley. Philip. Xenia: John Davis, captain; buried 
in Woodland. Xenia; died December 17, 1857, 
aged eighty-five. 

Blessing, John. Xenia, from Virginia; buried in 
Woodland. Xenia ; died December 2. 1864. aged 

Blessing, John. Sugar Creek; .-Xmnii Maltbie. cap- 
tain; died July 30. i8j8. aged fifty-eight; buried 
at Baptist graveyard. Bellbrook. 

Brewer, John G., Miami : from X'ew Jersey, born 
August, 1794. buried in Woodland. Xenia; died 
in Xenia. 1886. aged ninety-six. 

Barnes. Henry. Sr.. Xenia ; John Davis. L. D.. cap- 
tain ; from West Chester, Virginia, to Kentucky. 
1794. to Ohio. 1807; buried in Woodland: died 
.August 2. 1856. aged seventy-five. 

Butts. Samuel, Beaver Creek; J. Shingledecker. cap- 
tain ; buried in Beaver Creek cemetery, near .W- 
pha; died February. 1827, aged sixtv-one years. 

Burrous, William, Beaver Creek ; J. Shingledecker. 
captain : buried in Union graveyard, near Byron. 

Burrous, Daniel, Beaver Creek: Samuel Herrod. 
captain; buried in Union graveyard, near Byron. 

Beall. George. Beaver Creek; J. Shingledecker. cap- 
tain; born October 12, 1791, died May i. 1874. 
buried near Painterville. Xew Hope churclivard. 

Beall. Jonathan, Beaver Creek; J. Shingledecker. 
captain ; son of Isaac and Mary Beall. buried 
in Union graveyard (Byron). 

Beall .A.aron, Bath; J. Shingledecker. captain; died 
July, i860, aged seventy-seven years; buried in 
Union gravej^ard (Byron). 

Booker, Peter. Beaver (Zreek : J. Shingledecker. cap- 

Bosharp. John. Beaver Creek : J. Shingledecker. cap- 

Buckles, John, Sugar Creek : .\mmi Maltbie. cap- 
tain ; died 1870. as'ed eighty-one ; buried Middle 
Run churchyard (Bellbrook) ; son of William 
Buckles, Sr. 

Burrell. John D., Caesar's Creek; Ammi Maltbie, 
captain ; buried in Baptist graveyard, between 
Jamestown and Jasper ; died May 16. 1864. aged 
eighty-one years. 

Birt. Henry, Caesar's Creek; .\mnii Maltbie. captain : 
removed to Rush county. Indiana. 

Barrett. Philip. Sugar Creek; .\mmi Maltbie, cap- 
tain : died in Sugar Creek township in 1826. 

Byrd. Andrew. Sr.. Sugar Creek ; .Ammi Maltbie, 
captain; died in 1834. buried in Baptist grave- 
yard. Bellbrook. • 

Bell. David, Sugar Creek; Ammi Maltbie, captam ; 
moved to Jay county, Indiana ; died and is buried 
in that count)'. 

Beaks, William, Sugar Creek: Ammi Maltbie. cap- 

Bain. James. Sugar Creek; Ammi Maltbie. captain; 
died .\ugust 9, 1832, aged seventy-five, buried in 
Pioneer graveyard in Bellbrook. 

Bissell. Samuel. Sugar Creek : .\mmi Maltbie, cap- 
tain : removed from the state. 

Buckles. David, Sugar Creek; .Ammi Maltbie. cap- 
tain : removed west ; September 2. 1819, married 
Hulda Gerard. 

Burney, Thomas, Sugar Creek: Robert McClellan, 

Ban-ett, James, Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellan, 
captain : removed to Allen county. 

Bias, Isaac, Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellan, cap- 

Bowcn. Ephraim, Sugar Creek : Robert McClellan, 
captain ; removed to Randolph county, Indiana. 

Benham, John, Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellan, cap- 



tain : removed to Montgomery countj, buried 
at Cetiterville. 
Bingamon. Thomai;. Sugar Creek : Robert McCIel- 

lan. captain : buried at Waynesville. Ohio. 
Bingamon. Lewis. Sugar Creek: Robert IMcClellan. 

captain : buried at Bellbrook. Ohio. 
Blue. Samuel. Miami ; James ^^orro\v. captain. 
Baldwin. David. Miami: James Morrow, captain: 
buried at Bloxsonis. near Sclma : died Decem- 
ber II. 1831. aged forty-two. 
Barnes. John. Miami : James Morrow, captain : bur- 
ied in Clark county. 
Bishop. Solomon. Miami : James Morrow, captain : 
died in 1839 : August 19. 1814. married Elizabeth 
Bull, John. Xcnia ; Charles Wolverton. captain : sup- 
posed to have been murdered at New Orleans, 
in iS.?4. 
Bull. James. Xenia ; James Morrow, captain : died 
JS72. aged ninety-six, buried in Massie's Creek 
Bull. Richard. Xenia : James Morrow, captain ; died 
in 18,^4. aged fifty-two: buried in Massie's Creek 
Bull. Thomas. Xcnia : Charles Wolverton. captain ; 

removed to Owen county, Indiana. 
Beatty. William A.. Xcnia: James Morrow, cap- 
tain : kept first tavern in Xenia, died in Jack- 
son county. Indiana, in November. 1821. 
Buckles. William. Sugar Creek: Ammi Maltbie. cap- 
tain : died March 29. 1846. aged seventy-nine, bur- 
ied in Middle Run graveyard. 
Buckles. Robert. Sugar Creek : Ammi Maltbie. cap- 
tain : died December 25. 1850, aged eighty, buried 
in Middle Run graveyard. 
Bales. John. Caesar's Creek: Joseph Lucas, cap- 
tain: died March 11. 1864. aged seventy-five, bur- 
ied in Taber churchyard. Jasper township. 
Barker. Joseph. Xenia : Robert Finley. captain, also 
Martin Shuey : 1812 substitute for Henry Hypes: 
buried in Woodland, Xenia. 
Bell. George. Xenia: Robert Buckles, captain; buried 

in the Bell graveyard, southeast of Xenia. 
Bildcrback. Gabriel, Xenia : James Galloway, cap- 
tain : died in Ross township in 1823. 
Berry, William. Xenia : James Galloway, captain. 
Brown. David. Ross : Samuel Herrod. captain : died 
March 8, 1866, aged seventy-five years, buried in 
Clifton cemetery. 
Blair. Thomas. Xenia : Samuel Herrod. captain : 
died in 1834, buried in Massie's Creek (Steven- 
son) graveyard. 
Bozarth, Thomas. Ross ; Samuel Herrod. captain : 
buried one mile west of Selma in Bloxsom grave- 
Baker. Joshua. Vance ; Samuel Stewart, captain : 
died December 22. 1838. aged fifty: buried in Clif- 
ton cemetery. 
Baker. George. N'ancc : Samuel Stewart, captain : re- 
verted to Clark countv Ohio. 

Buffinbarger. Peter. Vance : Samuel Stewart, cap- 
tain: reverted to Clark county. Ohio. 

Buflinbarger. George. Vance : Samuel Stewart, cap- 
tain : reverted to Clark county. Ohio. 

Bloxsom. Charles. Vance : Samuel Stewart, captain : 
buried near Selma. in the Bloxsom graveyard. 

Bloxsom. Gideon. Vance : Samuel Stewart, captain ; 
buried in Bloxsom graveyard, near Selma. 

Brooks, William. Vance : Samuel Ste^vart, captain ; 
reverted to Clark county, Ohio. 

Bocock, John. Vance ; Samuel Stewart, captain : died 
1823, aged thirty years, buried in Bloxsom grave- 

Bronson. Andrew. Vance : Samuel Stewart, captain ; 
reverted to Clark county. Ohio. 

Bird. Mark. Sugar Creek: John McCullough. cap- 
tain : removed to Missouri. 

Browder. Harmon. Silver Creek: John Watson, cap- 
tain : died in Ross township in 1835. 

Bone, George. Silver Creek : John Watson, captain ; 
son of Valentine : September 20. 1809. married 
Nancy MuUnex. 

Browder. James. Silver Creek : John Watson, cap- 
tain : died 1872. buried. Jamestown, Ohio. 

Bryan. Morrison. Silver Creek: John Watson, cap- 
tain : died at Jamestown in 1822. 

Bryan. James. Silver Creek : John Watson, captain ; 
died April. 1874. 

Ballard. William, Ross : John Watson, captain ; bur- 
ied at Jamestown. Ohio. 

Borders. George. Beaver Creek : Zach. Ferguson, 

Brown. William. Beaver Creek: Zach. Ferguson, cap- 
tain : died November 15. 1864. buried at Hawk- 
er's churchyard : aged sixty-eight. 

Brelsford. James. Sugar Creek: John Clark, cap- 
tain: died near Bellbrook. Ohio, in 1866: pur- 
chased the Daniel Wilson farm. 

Benson. William. Sugar Creek: John Clark, cap- 

Bond. Benjamin. Sugar Creek: John Clark, cap- 

Bodkins. George. Beaver Creek; ^^'illiam Stevenson, 

Bennet. Francis. Bath; ^\'illiam Stevenson, captain; 
buried at Fairfield. Ohio. 

Brake. George. Bath: William Stevenson, captain; 
died August 18. 1864. aged seventy-six years, 
buried at Fairfield. Ohio. 

Ball James. Bath ; Wm. Stevenson, captain. 

Babcock. Thomas. Bath : Wm Stevenson, captain : 
buried nor'h of O-born. Ohio. 

Bingham. William. C»sar's Creek: Joseph Lucas, 

Bell, Joshua. Caesar's Creek : Joseph Lucas, cap- 
lain ; moved to Iowa, buried near Des Moines. 
Iowa: died July i. 1856. 
Black. William. Ciesar's Creek : Joseph Lucas cap- 
tain : died in 1815. 
Bray. Josejili, C.-csar's Creek: Joseph Lucas, cap- 



Bayliff. Joshua, C«sar'.s Creek; Joseph Lucas, cap- 
tain : removed to Auglaize county. Ohio, in 1839. 

Babb, James \V., Caesar's Creek ; Joseph Lucas, cap- 
tain : buried in the Babi) graveyard, Caesar's 
Creek township. 

Beatty, WiUiaiu B., Cxsar's, Creek; Joseph Lucas, 
captain: married N'an.y Birt. 

Brown. George. Beaver Creek : James Galloway, 
captain ; died, aged sixty-seven, buried at Mt, 
Zion cemetery. 

Butler. James, Xenia ■ Robert Gowdy, captain ; died 
in 183,3, buried at Woodland cemetery. Xenia. 

Bell, Daniel, Xenia; Robert Gowdy, captain: school 
teacher ; removed to Jay county, Indiana. 

Boblett, George, Xenia ; Robert Gowdy, captain ; 
died in 1872, age ninety-eight, buried at Maple 
Corner, Caesar's Creek. 

Bone, Sairiucl, Xenia ; Robert Gowdy, captain ; died 
October 10. 1S55, age seventy-six years, 

Bonner. Chapel H.. Xenia: Robert Gowdy. captain; 
removed to Van Buren, Iowa, died November, 
1873. aged eighty-seven years. 

Berry, Thomas L., Xenia ; Robert Gowdy, captain"; 
died in Miami township, i860. 

Bell) Nathaniel, Xenia: Robert Gowdy, captain: 
died January ;. 1847. aged sixty-six, buried in 
the Bell graveyard, south of Xenia. 

Borders. Henry, Xenia ; Robert Gowdy. captain ; 
December 4, 1818, married Jane Starr. 

Borders. James. Xenia : Robert Gowdy, captain. 

Burnsides, William, Xenia : John Davis. L. D., cap- 
tain : removed to Champaign county, Ohio. 

Browder. James, Xenia; John Davis, L. D.. cap- 
tain: July 4, 1816, married Betsey Hays: died at 
Columbus, Ohio, 1835. 

Black, Peter, Sugar Creek; John Davis, L. D.. cap- 

Black. David, Sugar Creek: John Davis, L. D.. cap- 
tain: April 18. 1816. married Christiana Sanders. 

Beason. Richard, Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, 
captain ; came from South Carolina to Tennes- 
see, thence to Ohio. 

Brinker, David. Sugar Creek: Robert McClellan. 

Bonner. David S.. Xenia; Robert McClellan, cap- 
tain : son of Frederick Bonner, Sr. 

Barnett. Arthur, Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, 

Bruce. Joshua. Beaver Creek ; J. Shingledecker, cap- 
tain ; buried. Baptist graveyard, southwest of 
Jamestown, Ohio. 

Beck. Henry, Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, cap- 

Beck. Samuel, Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellan. cap- 
tain : lanuarv g, 1806, married Betsey True. 

Bell. Stephen, Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellan, cap- 
tain : removed to Springfield in 1839; died No- 
vember 14. 1852. One of the founders of Bell- 
brook. Ohio. 

Beason. William, Caesar's Creek: Robert McClel- 
lan. caotain: died June 18. 1853. aged sixty- 
six; buried in Bapti-i graveyard, east of 

Beason. Thomas, Caesar's Creek; Robert McClellan, 
captain: died December 26, 1856, aged sixty-six; 
buried in Baptist graveyard, 

Barnes, James, Sugar Creek: Jacob Fudge, cap- 
tain ; removed to Warren county, Ohio. 

Bateman. Jeremiah, Bath ; Martin Shuey, captain. 

Corry, Matthew. Miami ; born in Pennsylvania. Feb- 
ruary 16. 1793; died May .i, 1864, aged seventy- 
five, buried in Woodland, Xenia. 
Collins, Archibald, Xenia: came from Pennsylvania; 
died May 5, 1864, aged seventy-one, Duried in 
Woodland, Xenia. 

Cherry, James. Sr., Xenia; died. 1851, aged sixty- 
two years, buried in Woodland, Xenia. 

Collier, James, Xenia; Daniel Reeder, captain; died 
April 17, 1851, aged seventy-seven years; buried 
in Woodland, Xenia. 

Collier, Moses. Xenia ; Robert McClellan, captain : 
died November 28, 1861, aged seventy-eight years; 
buried in Woodland, Xenia, 

Campbell, William, Xenia : Robert McClellan. cap- 
tain : coroner of Greene* countv from 1809 till 

Conwell, Stephen. Xenia; Robert McClellan. cap- 
tain ; died March 27, 1841. aged fifty-five years ; 
buried in Woodland. Xenia. 

Clark. Captain John, Sugar Creek ; died August 2, 
1849, aged seventy-three years : buried in Wood- 
land, Xenia. 

Cottrell. Thomas, Beaver Creek: J. Sliingledecker, 

Chambers. Adam. Bath; J. Shingledecker. captain: 
came to U. S, in 1800, buried in Bath church- 
yard, west of Mad river. 

Crawford. Oliver. Ba*h ; J. Shingledecker, captain. 

Chambers. William. Bath : J. Shingledecker, captain ; 
came to United States in 1800; died in 1848, 
aged sixty-six years; buried in Bath church- 
yard, west of Mad river. 

Carman, Rev. Joshua, Sr., Sugar Creek; Ammi 
Maltbie, captain; died December i. 1844, aged 
eighty-five, buried in Baptist graveyard, one mile 
southwest of Bellbrook. 

Carpras, Adams, Sugar Creek; Ammi Maltbie, cap- 

Clark, William, Sugar Creek ; Ammi Maltbie, cap- 
tain ; buried in Sugar Creek township. 

Cain. Samuel. Sugar Creek : Robert McClellan, cap- 

Cain, Joseph, Sugar Creek: Robert ^McClellan. cap- 
tain; kept tavern in Fairfield in iSiS, died in 
Xenia in 182 1. 

Cain, Robert, Sugar Creek ; John Clark, captain. 

Casbolt, Robert, Sugar Creek : Robert McClellan, 
captain : soldier of the Revolution, also of War 
of 1S12, built the Dr. Samuel Martin house in 

Casbolt. Thomas. Sugar Creek: Robert McClellan, 



Conkleton. David. Xenia: Robert McClellan. cap- 

Currie. Robert. Xenia; Robert McClellan. captain; 
buried in Carmel graveyard, near Hanover, In- 

Ciirrie. William. Xenia; Robert McClellan. captain; 
buried in Ma^sie's Creek cliurchyard ( Steven- 
son's) ; died. 1840. 

Cannon, Anthoney. Xenia; Robert McClellan. cap- 

Constant, Thomas. Xenia : Robert McClellan. cap- 
tain ; captain in War of 1812; removed to Spring- 
field, Illinois. 

Confer. George, Miami ; Robert McClellan. captain : 
died March 16, 1857. aged seventy, buried in 
Union cemetery, near Byron. Bath town.ship. 

Confer, John. Miami ; Robert McClellan. captain, 
also Martin Shuey; died in 1834. buried at Mud 
Run churchyard, Clark county, Ohio. 

Chambers. David, Xenia ; Robert McClellan, cap- 
tain : died September 20. 1829, aged sixty-one, 
buried in Massie's Creek churchyard ( Steven- 

Cohagan, John, Xenia ; Robert McClellan, captain ; 
died March 7, 1836. buried on Joseph Hutchison's 
farm, north of Xenia. 

Crowder, William. Xenia ; Charles Wolvcrton. cap- 

Crumbaugh. Samuel, Sr., Xenia : born August jg, 
1 791. died September 6. 1876, aged eighty-five, 
buried in Woodland cemetery, Xenia. 

Cooper, Isaac. Vance ; Samuel Stewart, captain ; 
Clark county. 

Clinkingbeard. John. Vance; Samuel Stewart, cap- 
tain ; Clark county. 

Calloway. John. Vance ; Samuel Stewart, captain ; 
Clark county. 

Cofiin. Aaron. Miami; James Galloway, captain. 

Cronk Andrew, Ross ; Samuel Herrod, captain. 

Casad. Samuel. Bath: John McCullough. captain; 
kept tavern in Fairfield in 1817. 

Carpenter. John. Bath ; John McCuHough. captain. 

Carpenter, 'Thomas. Bath; William Stephenson, cap- 

Clayton, Maxon, Bath ; William Stephenson, captain. 

Clayton, John. Bath; William Stephenson, captain; 
March l, 1825. married Phebe Martin. 

Copeland, John, Caesar's Creek ; Joseph Lucas, cap- 

Chaney. Jesse. Caesar's Creek; Joseph Lucas, cap- 

Cline. Samuel. Caesar's Creek; Joseph Lucas, cap- 

Casad, Jacob. Bath ; John Davis, captain ; died .Au- 
gust 22. 1827. aged seventy-two years ; buried 
in Casad gravejard. 

Clifford. Thomas. Bath; John Davis, captain. 

Crum, John. Bath; James Galloway, captain. 

Cox. Stephen. Ross ; John Watson, captain. 

Chaney, Edward, Silver Creek; John Watson, cap- 

tain; buried in Palmer graveyard; brother of 

Curry, John. Silver Creek; John Watson, captain; 
died October 15. 1855, aged seventy-three, buried 
in Sheley graveyard, Jamestown, Ohio. 

Cook. Jacob, Bath : Steele, captain. 

Copper. Solomon. Bath ; Steele, captain, 

Cottrell. William, Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, 
captain ; died in Bath township in 1815. 

Coy. Henry. Beaver Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 
tain ; died July 22. 1846. aged fifty-one. buried in 
Mt. Zion churchyard. 

Coy. John. Beaver Creek : Zach. Ferguson, captain ; 
died July 23. 1884. aged ninety-one. buried in 
Mt. Zion churchyard. 

Coy. Jacob, Beaver Creek : Zach. Ferguson, captain ; 
son of .•\dani. died in 1S84, aged eighty-one. 
buried in Mt. Zion churchyard. 

Cosier. Jacob. Bath; Zach. Ferguson, captain: died 
June 5. 1846. aged fifty-six. buried in union 
graveyard, near Byron. 

Cosier. Abraham. Bath : Zach. Ferguson, captain ; 
buried in L'nion graveyard. 

Cyphers. John. Beaver Creek : Zach. Ferguson, cap- 
tain ; buried in Mt. Zion churchyard. 

Compton. Amos, Sugar Creek : John Clark, captain ; 
died September 14. 1824. aged fifty-four, buried 
in Caesar's Creek graveyard, two miles south- 
west of New Burlington. 

Compton. Stephen, Sugar Creek ; John Clark, cap- 
tain ; died July 14, 1862, aged eighty-seven, bur- 
ied in Caesar's Creek graveyard. 

Compton. Joseph. Sugar Creek; John Clark, cap- 

Compton, Samuel, Sugar Creek ; John Clark, cap- 
tain ; brother-in-law of John Sexton, died in 

Commack. John. Sugar Creek : Rolicrt MsClellan. 

Crumley. Stephen, Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, 
captain : removed to Indiana. 

Cline. Adam ; married Barbara, daughter of Jacob 
Herring ; died February 2, 1854, aged sixty-four. 

Clemens. John. Sr., Silver Creek: died January 21. 
1866. aged eighty-one, native of \'irginia. 

Comer, David : Martin Shuey, captain. 

Davis, John, Beaver Creek; J. Shingledecker. cap- 

Davis, Lewis. Miami; Samuel Stewartt. captain; 
son of Owen Davis, the "Old Miller," and 
brother-in-law of General Whiteman, buried near 
Bellefontaine. Ohio. 

Davis, David, Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 
tain; died May 17, 1842, aged sixty-four, buried 
in Jamestown cemetery. 

Davis. George. Bath ; Zach. Ferguson, captain ; De- 
cember 27. 1832. married Abigail Ryan. 

Davis. John. Xenia; Robert Gowdy. captain: re- 
moved to Missouri. 



Davis, Ziba S.. Batli ; William Stephenson, captain. 

Davis Ananias, Bath : William Stephenson, captain. 

Davis, Samuel, Bath: William Stephenson, captain; 
(lied in 1S45, aged seventy, buried in Spangler 
graveyard, Clark count'- Ohio. 

Davis. Jonathan. Rath: William Stephenson, cap- 
tain : July 25, 1838. married Sarah Ann Darst. 

Downey. James. Beaver Creek : J. Shingledecker, 
captain : buried in Union graveyard, near Byron. 

Dickensheet, William. Sugar Creek: Robert Mc- 
Clellan. captain: died May 15. 1858, buried in 
Pioneer graveyard, north of Bellhrook. 

Dean Robert, Xenia : Robert McClellan, captain: 
died May 18, 1856, aged sixty-three, buried in 
Dean graveyard, near New Jasper. 

Dcwitt. Isaac. Xenia: Robert McClellan. captain. 

Devvitt, Elisha. Vance: Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Dorscy. Aquilla. Silver Creek : Arthur Thomas, cap- 
tain ; born December 5. 1787. died July 13, 1887, 
aged ninety-nine years. 

Dorsey, John, Xenia: Robert Gowdy, captain. 

Dorsey, Luke I., Sugar Creek : Robert McClellan, 
captain: born in 1780. died in 1849, buried in 
Pioneer graveyard, north of Bellbrook. 

Driscall, Elgin, Xenia: Samuel Herrod, captain. 

Douglass, .•\ndrew. Ross: Samuel Herrod. captain. 

Douglass. David. Xenia: Steele, captain; carpen- 
ter ; removed to Loganspgrt, Indiana. 

Drumtnond, George, Bath; John McCullough, cap- 
tain : buried in Knol) churchyard in Clark county, 
Durnhaugh, John. Beaver Creek: Zach. Ferguson, 
captain : buried in Mt. Zion churchyard, in Beaver 
Creek township. 

Durnhaugh, Samuel. Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, 
captain ; buried in Hawker's churchyard. 

Dmilap. James, Sugar Creek; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 
tain : died January 29, 1856, aged seventy-one ; 
buried in Woodland, Zenia. Ohio. 

Dmsmore. Matthew. Bath : William Stephenson, cap- 

Dunn. Simeon. Bath: William Stephenson, captain; 
died May 18. 1848. aged sixty-three, buried in 
Fairfield cemetery. 

Dcvore. John. Sugar Creek: Robert McClellan. cap- 
tain: buried in Xew Hope churchyard, riear 
Paiiitersville. Ohio. 

Dashield. Charles, Sugar Creek: Robert McClellan. 

Espy. Josiah, Xenia; Robert McClellan, captain: 
died September 22. 1843. aged 53, buried at Mas- 
sie's Creek churchyard (Stevenson's). 

Espy. James P.. Xenia ; Robert Gowdy. captain. 

Ellis. Jacob, Caesar's Creek ; Josepli Lucas, captain ; 
died in 1846. aged fifty-nine, buried in New 
Burlington cemetery. 

Elkin, William T.. Xenia: Robert Gowdy, captain; 
first banker in Xenia. in 1818, removed from the 

Elkin. Jarrett. Xenia. 

Elkin. Robert. Xenia ; Robert Gowdy. captain. 

Embree. Elijah. Xenia : Samuel Herrod. captain. 

Edge. William. Miami : Samuel Herrod. captain ; 
buried on the banks of the Little Miami, on the 
John G. Brewer farm. 

Eyler, Benjamin. Xenia; died July 26. 1872, aged 
ninety-two ; buried in Woodland cemetery. Xenia. 

Eyler, Samuel, Xenia ; died August. 1840, aged fifty- 
three, buried in Woodland. Xenia. 

Elani. John. Sugar Creek ; .\mmi Maltbie. captain : 
moved to Indiana. 

Ervin. William. Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellan. 

Edgar. William, Vance : Samuel Stewart, captain ; 
Clark county. 

Engle. Isaac. Beaver Creek; soldier of 1812, from 
Maryland; buried at Mt. Zion. 

Ennis, Thompson, Sugar Creek; Jacob Fudge, cap- 
tain : died in 1832. 

Ennis. Jeremiah. Sugar Creek; Jacob Fudge, cap- 
tain; married to Dicey bunt; May 25, 1825. mar- 
ried Elizabeth Flowers. 

Engle. John. Beaver Creek : Zach. Ferguson, captain ; 
buried at Mt. Zion graveyard ; May 20, 1826, 
married Susanna Hivling. 

Flowers, Seth, Caesar's Creek; John Watson, cap- 

Falkner. Thomas, Ceasar's Creek: John Watson, 
captain ; died in 1823, buried in New Hope church- 
vard, Paintersville. 

Falkner, David, Cxsar's Creek; John Watson, cap- 
tain : died June, 1853. agen sixty-three, buried 
in New Hope churchyard. 

Farmer, Upton, Ross: John Watson, captain: died 
in Ross township; March 23. 1832, married Har- 
riet Stewart. 

Forgey, James. Bath: William Stephenson, captain; 
Iniried in Mud Run graveyard, in Clark county. 

Freeman. William. Beaver Creek; William Stephen- 
son, captain ; buried at Mt. Zion. Beaver Creek 
township; died in 1844. 

Fair. Jacob. Beaver Creek : James Galloway, cap- 

Forquire. Jonah. Bath : James Galloway, captain. 

Forequire. Mahlon, Bath; James Galloway, captain. 

Ferguson. Elijah. Beaver Creek: James Galloway, 

Ferguson. Zachariah. captain. Beaver Creek. 

Fudge. John, Xenia ; from Warren county ; died 
September 15. 1S68. aged seventy-two, buried in 
Woodland, Xenia. 

Fudge. Jacob. Xenia : captain second regiment mount- 
ed volunteers from Warren county ; died De- 
cember 8, 1830, aged thirty-three, buried in Boots 
graveyard, near Jasper. 

Forbes, Alexander. Miami ; J. Shingledecker. cap- 
tain : died October 20. 1840, aged forty-nine, bur- 
ied in Clifton cemetery. 

Folck. Jacob, Bath; J. Shingledecker. captain: from 
Pennsylvania, born January 27, 1798. died Sep- 
tember 24. 1866, buried in Folck graveyard. 



Fogle. Peter. Beaver Creek : J. Shingledecker. cap- 
tain : died July 17. 1876. aged >eventy-nine. buried 
in Union graveyard, near Byron. 

Falace. I?aac. Sugar Creek: Robert McClellan. cap- 
tain: from Shenandoah. Virginia: died ^larch 9. 
1858. aged seventy-nine, buried at Falace grave- 
yard. Bellbrook. 

Fisher. Jonathan. Sugar Creek : John Clark, captain : 
born in North Carolina July 13. 1776. died April 
3. 1837, buried at Mt. Holly. 

Forbes. George, Vance : Samuel Stewart, captain ; 
Clark county. Ohio. 

Foster. Alexander, Vance : Samuel Stewart, cap- 
tain : died November 21. 1828. aged fifty-nine, 
buried at Massie's Creek (Stevenson's) grave- ' 

Fires, James. Xenia : Robert Gowdy. captain : an 
early settler near the Union church, south of 

Flowers. John, Xenia ; Robert Gowdy, captain : died 
in Xenia August i, 1826, aged thirty. 

Frakes, Nathan, Bath: Martin Shuey, captain. 

Greer, John, Xenia: Robert Gowdy, captain. 

Gordon, William, Xenia : Robert Gowdy. captain : re- 
moved to Madison. Indiana. 

Gordon. George, Xenia: served a tour of duty 
from Franklin to Fort Wayne; died December 
10, 1879, aged ninety-three, buried in Woodland. 

Galloway. James, major: Xenia; died Septemlier 11. 
1S50. buried in Woodland. Xenia. 

Galloway. George. Xenia ; James Galloway, captain ; 
died July 3. 1857. aged seventy-three, buried in 
Woodland. Xenia. 

Galloway. William. Xenia; James Galloway, cap- 
tain: born January 25. 1785. died November 16. 
1823. buried in Woodland, Xenia. 

Galloway, James M., Beaver Creek : Samuel Herrod, 
captain : burned on his farm near Mud Run 
church, Clark county. Ohio. 

Galloway. Samuel, Xenia; James Morrow, captain; 
born .\pr\\ 8, 1787, died December 22. 1851, aged 
sixty, buried in Woodland. Xenia. 

Galloway, John, Xenia ; James ilorrow. captain ; 
buried at Massie's Creek (Stevenson's") grave- 

Gowdy, James, Xenia; Daniel Reeder, captain; died 
December 24 1853, aged seventy-six, buried at 
Associate Reformed graveyard. East Third street, 

Gowdy, Robert, captain; died December 15. 1831, 
aged forty-eight, buried in Associate Reformed 
graveyard. East Third street. Xenia. 

Gowdy. John, sergeant. Sugar Creek ; .\nmii Malt- 
bie, captain ; removed to Franklin, Indiana. 

Gowdy. Samuel, Xenia : James Morrow, captain ; 
died March 18, 1851, buried at Associate church- 
vard. East Third street. Xenia. 

Gowdy. John. Rev.. Xenia; James Morrow, captain; 
died April 4. 1869. aged eighty, buried in Wood- 
land, Xenia. 

Gowdy. Alexander, Xenia ; Daniel Reeder, captain ; 
died April 14. 1872. aged eighty-one. buried in 
Woodland. Xenia. 

Garrison. David. Miami; James Galloway, captain; 
buried in Mud Run churchyard. Clark county, 

Gamble. Samuel. Xenia; John Davis. L. D.. captain; 
removed to Shelby county. Ohio. 

Grimes. Bath ; John Davis, captain. 

GufFy. James, Caesar's Creek : Joseph Lucas, captain. 

Griffin. David. Bath; William Stephenson, captam ; 
school teacher in Bath township. 

Greene. Timothy, Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, 
captain; January 5. 1801. married Hulda Webb. 

Greene. John. Beaver Creek: Zach. Ferguson, cap- 

Griffin. Jo.seph. Caesar's Creek; John Watson, cap- 

Gillmore. William. Silver Creek: John Wat.^on. cap- 

Gano, SaiTiuel, Xenia ; died in Xenia July 18. 1869, 
aged seventy-five, buried in Woodland. Xenia. 

Gray. Henry. Beaver Creek; J. Shingledecker. cap- 
tain ; died in 1840. buried on the farm of Samuel 
Andrew. Trebein's. 

Gray. Abraham. Beaver Creek ; J. Shingledecker, cap- 
tain : died in 1820, buried on the farm of Samuel 
Andrew. Trebein's 

Gilland. Jesse. Sugar Creek: .Ammi Mallbie. captain. 

Gilland, .\ndrew, Sugar Creek ; Ammi Maltbie, cap- 

Gibson. Matthew. Miami ; James Galloway, captain. 

Gibson, Robert, Beaver Creek : Zach. Ferguson, cap- 
tain ; April 17, 1832, married Christiana Symms. 

Gibson. Abel. Ross ; Samuel Herrod, captain. 

Gibson. John. Sugar Creek : James Morrow, cap- 
tain : removed to Warren county. Illinois. 

Gibson. Monteleon ; James Morrow, captain ; mar- 
ried a daughter of Thomas Enibree. 

Gibson, Andrew, Xenia; Charles Wolverton. cap- 
tain; September 18, 1806. married Jennie Steven- 
son; died July 13. 1851, aged seventy-three; bur- 
ied in Massie's Creek (Stevenson's) graveyard. 

Gibson, William, Miami; Samuel Stewart, captain; 
buried in Caesar's Creek churchyard, near James- 
town, Ohio. 

Gibson. Volentine. Miami ; Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Griffy. Daniel, Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellan. 

Grant. Robert, Miami ; James Morrow, captain : died 
September 14, 1856, aged sixty-four, at Mon- 
mouth. Illinois. 

Goldsby. John, Miami ; James Morrow, captain. 

Goldsby, George, Miami ; James Morrow, captain. 

Goldsby. Briggs M., Miami; James Morrow, cap- 



G(>l(l^l)y, William, Miami; Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Gregory. Joshua. Vance; Samuel Stewart, captain; 
Clark county. 

Graham, John. Miami ; Samuel Stewart, captain ; 
died in Miatui township in 1839. 

Garwood. Stacia, Sugar Creek ; John Clark, captain. 

Gerard. Henry, Beaver Creek ; died March 0. 1874 , 
aged eighty-nine, buried in Beaver Creek grave- 

Hopping. David. Miami ; James Galloway, captain, 
died June 30. 1859. at Smiithfield, Delaware coun- 
ty, Indiana. 

Hopping. Gideon. Miami ; lohn McCulIough, cap- 
tain ; removed to Illinois 

Harrow. John. Ross; James Galloway, captain. 

Hatfield, Nathaniel, Sugar Creek ; James Galloway, 

Hussey, John. Silver Creek; John Watson, captain; 
buried in Hussey graveyard, near Bowersville, 

Huilinger, Christian. Miami ; John Watson, captain. 

lloladay, John, Caesar's Creek; James Gallow-ay, 

Husted, Christian, Miami; James Galloway, captain; 

Hinkle. Thomas, Miami; James Gallow-ay, captain. 

Hulic, Samuel, Miami ; James Galloway, captain. 

Hoop, John A., Xenia; Robert Gowdy, captain; born 
January 11, 1758, died' February I, 1841. aged 
eighty-three, buried on Harbison's lot. Wood- 
land, Xenia. 

Hubble. Jacob. Miami ; Robert Gowdy, captain. 

Harshman. John, Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, 
captain; died July 4. 185-- aged eighty, buried 
in Aley churchyard. 

Harshman. Philip. Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, 
captain ; died March 1845, buried in Aley church- 
yard. Beaver. 

Harshman. Henry. Beaver Creek; Martin Shuey, 
captain ; Tanuarv 2J. 1820. married Polly Fogle. 

Harshman, Jacob, Beaver Creek; Martin Shuey, 
tain ; died April 20. i860. 

Heaton, Joseph. Xenia; Martin Shuey, captam ; re- 
moved to Pennsylvania. 

Huffman. Aaron: died ]\Iarch 17, 1865, aged eighty, 
buried in Cedarville, Ohio. 

Heaton. Henrv, captain, Xenia ; from Pennsylvania 
in War of 1812; died October 5, 1865, aged sixty- 
seven, buried in Woodland, Xenia. 

Heaton. John, Major, Xenia; died June 21, 1859, 
aged seventy-eight, buried in Woodland, Xenia, 

Hawker, Andrew, Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, 
captain; died in 1850, aged eighty-two, buried m 
Hawker churchyard. 

Hittle, George, Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 

Hartsook. William. Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, 
captain ; died in i860, aged seventy-six, buried 
in Mercer graveyard, south of Xenia, 

Harper. James, Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 

Harper. Thomas. Xenia: Joseph Lucas, captain: 
died April ig. 1854. aged sixty-two. buried in 
Woodland, Xenia. 

Hivling, John, Captain, Xenia: Robert Gowdy, cap- 
tain; died November 4. 1851. aged eighty-one 
years, buried in Woodland, Xenia. 

Hickson, Joel, Xenia : Robert Gowdy. captain. 

Hanes, David. Beaver Creek ; John Davis, captain : 
removed to Menard county, Illinois; died Octo- 
ber 15, 1855, aged seventy. 

Haines, Benjamin, Xenia: Ammi Maltbie, captain; 
moved to Pekin. Illinois. 

Hays, James, Miami ; John Davis, captain. 

Hanna. Robert. Xenia ; John Davis, captain. 

Hamill. Joseph. Xenia; John Davis, captain; born 
in McConnellstown, Pennsylvania, Deceiirber 10, 
!778. died in Xenia, March i, 1838, buried in 
Woodland. Xenia. 

Hamdl. Robert. Xenia; John Davis, captais ; died 
in Xenia. May 24. i860, aged eighty-seven, buried 
in Woodland. Xenia. 

Hamill. Hugh, Xenia ; Robert McClellan, captain ; 
died September 28, 1847. aged sixty^six, buried 
in Woodland, Xenia. 

Hobbs, Edinond. Xenia : Robert Gowdy, captain ; 
died in Casser's Creek township April 12, 1836. 
aged seventy. 

Hunt. Uriah, Caesar's Creek; Joseph Lucas, cap- 

Hunt, John, Xenia; Robert Gowdy, captain. 

Huff, Joseph, Xenia ; Robert Gowdy. captain. 

Hall. John. Sr., Bath ; William Stephenson, cap- 
tain ; buried near Fairfield. Ohio. 

Hall. Moses. Bath ; Jacob Fudge, captain ; died Jan- 
uary, 1880, aged eighty-six, buried in Casad 

Hardman. Henry, Bath ; William Stephenson, cap- 
tain; November 29. 1821. married Mary Searl. 

Haddex, Nimrod. Bath : William Stephenson, cap- 
tain ; died in 1820, buried in Cox graveyard, near 
Osborn, Ohio. 

Haddex, John, Bath ; William Stephenson, captain : 
died March 29, 1888, aged ninety-seven, buried 
in Cox graveyard. 

Harris, Stewart, Caesar's Creek ; Joseph Lucas, cap- 
tain ; died January 9. 1869, aged eighty^four, bur- 
ied at Bowersville. Ohio. 

Hook, James, Caesar's Creek ; Joseph Lucas, cap- 
tain ; died October 12, 1844, aged seventy-one, 
buried in the Hook graveyard on the farm. 

Harry, Samuel, Xenia ; died March 2, 1867, aged 
seventy-five, buried in Woodland, Xenia. 

Hook, Lewis; died June 5, 1848, aged forty-five, 
buried in the Hook graveyard. 

Hoover, John, Beaver Creek; J. Shingledecker, cap- 

Hyers. Anthoney, Beaver Creek ; J. Shingledecker, 
captain ; removed to Clark county, Ohio. 

Haverstick. William. Beaver Creek ; J. Shingle- 
decker. captain : died October, 1853, buried in 
Woodland, Xenia. 



Hale. John. Sugar Creek : .Animi Maltbic. captain : 
moved to Indiana. 

Hawk. John. Sugar Creek: Amnii Maltbio. captain. 

Hozier. Jacob. Sugar Creek : Robert McClellan. 
captain; died in Sugar Creek township in 1855. 
buried at Beavertown. Ohio. 

Hamilton, William. Sugar Creek: Robert McClel- 
lan. captain : died December 12. 1842. aged .sev- 
enty-two. buried in Woodland. Xenia. 

Holmes. John. Sugar Creek; Robert McCellan. cap- 
tain: buried at Bellbrook. Oliio : September 30. 
1824. married Patience Pugh. 

Holmes. Samuel. Bath. 

Hufford. John. Sugar Creek: Robert McClellan. cap- 
tain : buried at Huffersville. west of Mad river. 

Hutchison. George. Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, 
captain : removed to Shelby county. Ohio : buried 
at Sidney. Ohio. 

Harbison. Joseph. Xenia; Robert McClellan. captain: 
died October 29. 1876. aged eighty-one. buried in 
Woodland. Xenia. 

Howe. Joseph. Miami ; Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Hays. James. Miami : Samuel Stewart, captain ; re- 
moved to Warren county. Indiana. 

Horney. William. Miami; Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Howk. Devault. Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan. 

Henderson, James, N'ance : Samuel Stewart, cap- 
lain ; Clark county. 

Harpole. William. Vance ; Samuel Stewart, captain : 
from Virginia; died in Ross township, 1853. 

Hicks. John. Vance ; Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Hartin. Edmond, Vance ; Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Hunter. Daniel. Beaver Creek: Samuel Stewart, 

Hatfield. Matthew. Beaxer Creek; Sanuul Stewart, 

Hatfield. Leven, Sugar Creek; John Clark, captain. 

Harrison. William. Xenia; John McCullough. cap- 

Hiett. Gideon. Sugar Creek; Jolm Clark, captain. 

Horner. Jacob, Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, 
captain ; died in 1827, buried at Bellbrook. Ohio. 

Hincman. William. Sugar Creek ; Robert McClel- 
lan. caiitain. 

Inman. John. Sugar Creek: Ammi Maltbie. captain. 
Ivers, Richard, Vance : James Morrow, captain. 
Ingle. George, Vance ; James Atorrow. captain. 
Inlow. Abraham. Miami ; James Galloway, captain ; 
buried in Clifton cemetery. 

James, John. Sugar Creek: John Clark, captain: 
died September 18. 1841. aged sixty-seven, buried 
at Middle Run churchyard, southwest of Bell- 
brook. Ohio. 

Judy. Jacob. Beaver Creek: Zach. Ferguson, captain; 
died in Beaver Creek township in 1823. 

Jolin. Lemuel. Beaver Creek: Zach. Ferguson, cap- 

tain; died January 8. 1836. aged forty-four, bur- 
ied in Mt. Zion churchyard.. 

Johnson. Zachariah. Silver Creek; John Watson, 

Johnson. Samuel. Silver Creek ; John Watson, cap- 

Johnson. Christopher E.. Silver Creek; John Wat- 
son, captain. 

Johnson. David. Silver Creek; John Watson, cap- 

Johnson. Thomas. Silver Creek ; John Watson, 
captain; died September 26. 1851. aged seventy, 
buried in Bowersville cemetery. 

Johnson. Christopher. Silver Creek; John Watson, 

Johnson, John W.. Silver Creek: John Watson, cap- 
tain: died October 10, 1889. aged sevnty-six, bur- 
ied at Bower.sville, Oh'io. 

Johnson. James. Silver Creek: John Watson, cap- 
tain; died January 19, 1S61. aged seventy-eight, 
buried in tlie Hussey graveyard. 

Johnson. James. Batli : William Stephenson, cap- 
tain : died X'ovember 22. 1857. aged eighty-four, 
buried in Muddv Run gravevard. Clark countv. 

Jinkens. James, Caesar's Creek; Joseph Lucas, cap- 

Johnson. Charles. Miami ; James Galloway, captain ; 
died in 1848. aged eighty-two, buried in Muddy 
Run graveyard. 

Johnson. John. Xenia: Robert Gowdy. captain. 

Johnson. Arthur. Xenia; James Morrow, captain: 
died in 1870, was not naturalized until 1840. 

John;;on. Jeptha. Vance : Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Jolinson. William. Miami; Sainuel Stewart, cap- 

John. John. Beaver Creek; John Davis, captain; 
died November i. 1822. aged seventy-six. l)uried 
at New Burlington. Ohio. 

Jackson, John, Xenia; Robert Gowdy. captain. 

Jacobs. James. Xenia ; Robert Gowdy, captain ; re- 
moved to Indiana. 

Jobe. George, Xenia; in the war from Pennsylvania; 
died January 30. 1867. aged eiglity. buried in 
Woodland. Xenia. 

Jolly. John, Xenia; Ammi Maltbie, captain; died 
in Xenia May 19, 1852. aged seventy-one. buried 
in Woodland. 

Junkin. George. Xenia; James Morrow, captain; 
buried in Caesar's Creek churcliyard. near James- 
town. Ohio. 

Jones. John, Vance; Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Jones. Thomas. Vance: Sanuiel Stewart, captain. 

Jenkins. Daniel. Miami : John McCullough. captain. 

Kendall. William. Xenia : Robert McClellan. cap- 
tain ; died near Xenia August 6.. 1879. aged 
eighty-<even. Iniried in Woodland. Xenia. 

Kendall. John. Xenia: James Morrow, captain; born 
in Georgetown. Kentucky; dii'd February 21, 
1849. aged fifty-one. buried in Woodland. Xenia. 



Kyle. Joseph. Sr.. Xenia : James Morrow, captain : 
died July 16. 1849. ;iged sixty-two. buried in 
Woodland. Xenia. 

Kyle. Samuel. Xenia: James Morrow, captain; died 
Fehrnary 25, 1857. aged seventy-nine, buried in 
Cedarville cemetery. 

Kirkpatrick. John. Sugar Creek: John Clark, cap- 

Kirkpatrick. William. Beaver Creek; Zach. Fergu- 
son, captain : died December 10. 1825. aged sev- 
enty-six, buried in Beaver Creek cemetery. 

Kirkpatrick. George. Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, 

Kirkpatrick. Samuel D.. Beaver Creek; Zach. Fer- 
guson, captain ; buried in Beaver Creek church- 

Kendrick. John. Xenia; from Virginia; died .August 
i.^. 1865. aged sixty-nine, buried in Woodland. 

Kiser. Richard, Beaver Creek; J. Shingledccker, 
captain ; buried in Beaver Creek churchyard. 

Kiser. John. Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 

Kiser. Daniel. Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 

Koogler. .'Kdam. Beaver Creek ; J. Shingledccker, 
captain ; buried in Union graveyard, near Byron, 

Koogler. Jacob. Beaver Creek; J. Shingledccker. 
captain; died in 1871. aged eighty-six, buried 
in Union graveyard, near Byron, Ohio. 

Koogler. Samuel. Beaver Creek; J. Shingledccker. 
captain ; buried in Union graveyard, near Byron. 

Kirk>vood. William, Beaver Creek; J. Shingledccker, 

Kennedy, James. Sugar Creek; .Ammi Maltbie. cap- 

King. Peter. Vance; Samuel Stewart, captain. 

King. William. Sugar Creek; Ammi Maltbie. cap- 

King, Jeremiah. Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan. 

Knight. Samuel. Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan. 
captain ; died March 19, 1850, buried one mile 
southwest of Bellbrook. 

Kelso. John. Vance; Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Keenan. William, Xenia ; buried near Kenton ; fa- 
ther of Mrs. Samuel, Stevenson. 

Kelso. Hugh. Vance; Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Kelley. John, Vance ; Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Kirkendale. George. Bath; William Stephenson, cap- 
tain; died July i, 1871, in Bath township. 

Kirkendale, Jacob. Bath ; William Stephenson, cap- 

Keffer. Jacob. Bath; William Stephenson, captain; 
.April 21, 1836, married Elizabeth Miller. 

Low. Thoma-. Beaver Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 
Low. William. Beaver Creek; J. Shingledccker, cap- 

tain ; buried in Pioneer graveyard, near Bell- 
brook, Ohio. 

Loyd, James, Xenia ; Robert Gowdy, captain ; died 
May 27. 1842, aged sixty-three, buried on the 
farm two miles south of Xenia. 

Loyd, John, Xenia ; Rol>ert Gowdy, captain ; died 
April 25, 1872, aged eighty-seven, buried on the 
farm two miles south of Xenia. 

Larew. AbrahaiTi. Xenia; Robert Gowdy, captain; 
buried near Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Larew. Samuel, sergeant. Sugar Creek ; .Ammi 
Maltbie. captain; died in 1S58. aged eighty-three. 

Lambert, John, Bath ; William Stephenson, captain. 

Lambert. Aaron, Bath ; William Stephenson, captain ; 
died March 6, 1850, aged sixty-five ; buried at 
Jamestown, Ohio. 

Lendard. Thomas. Silver Creek; Joseph Lucas, cap- 
tain ; died March 12, 1850, aged sixty-five, buried 
in the Jamestown ceinetery. 

Lenard. Zephaniah. Silver Creek; Joseph Lucas, cap- 

Lamme, Josiah, Sugar Creek; John Davis, captain; 
removed to Indiana., 

Lamme, James, Sugar Creek ; John Davis, captain ; 
February 2, 1837, married Hester Black ; re- 
moved to the west. 

Lamme, William, Sugar Creek ; .Ammi Maltbie. cap- 
tain ; removed to Iowa. 

Lamme. David. Sugar Creek ; Samuel Herrod. cap- 
tain ; died April. 1863. aged seventy-eight, buried 
at Bellbrook, Ohio, Pioneer graveyard. 

Lyle. James, Xenia ; Robert Gowdy, captain ; died 
January 2$. 1868. aged eighty-five, buried in 
Woodland, Xenia. 

Linnville, John, Miami ; Charles Wolverton, captain ; 
buried in Massie's churchyard (Stevenson's). 

Longstreth, Arnett. Beaver Creek ; J. Shingle- 
decker, captain ; buried in Mittman graveyard, 
near Fairfield. 

Lee. John. Bath ; J. Shingledccker, captain ; died 
in 1864. Bath township. 

Livingston. .Andrew. Bath : J. Shingledccker. cap- 

Lawrence. W'illiam. Sugar Creek; .Ammi Maltbie. 
captain ; buried in pioneer gravevard. north of 
Bellbrook, Ohio. 

Lawrence. Samuel. Sugar Creek ; Robert McClel- 
lan. captain ; buried in Pioneer graveyard, north 
of Bellbrook. 

Laird. Benjamin. Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, 
captain; died in Sugar Creek township in 1814. 

Logan, George, Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, cap- 

Law. Jesse, Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan. cap- 
tain ; died in Xenia July 6. 1864, aged seventy-one, 
buried in Woodland, Xenia. 

Laughead, David. Xenia ; Sainuel Herrod. captain ; 
buried in Massie"s Creek (Stevenson's) graveyard. 

Lyons. Peter, Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan. cap-- 



Lefong, George B.. Beaver Creek : from \'irginia ; 
(lied April i8. 1875. aged eighty-eight, buried in 
Hawker's churchyard. 

Larkin. Vance : Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Lightt'oot. Christopher. Vance: Samuel Stewart, cap- 

Lewis. Joel. Sugar Creek'. John Clark, captain; died 
in Sugar Creek township. 

Lewis. Daniel. Sr.. Sugar Creek: Robert McClcIlan. 
captain: buried in Bclll)rook. Pioneer graveyard. 

McConncll. Robert. Sugar Creek: Robert McClel- 
lan. captain ; died June 28. 1822. buried in Mas- 
sie's Creek churchyard. 

McConnell. Samuel. Xenia : Robert Gowdy. captain; 
died December 31. 1845. aged fifty-two, buried 
in Woodland. Xenia. 

McDonald. John. Xenia: Robert Gowdy. captain: 
died August 29. 1831, aged eighty-five, buried in 
Associate Reformed churchyard. East Third 
street. Xenia. 

McDonald. Dempsey, Xenia; John Spencer, captain; 
buried in McDonald Graveyard, southeast of 

Mclntire. John. Miami ; Robert Gowdy. captain. 

McCoy. Francis F.. Xenia ; Samuel Herrod, captain ; 
removed to Warren county. Illinois. 

McCoy. William. Xenia; James Morrow, captain; 
removed to Warren county, Illinois. 

McCoy. Alexander. Xenia: James Morrow, captain; 
removed to Warren county. Illinois. 

McCoy. James. Xenia; Charles Wolverton. captain; 
died April 2. 1863. aged eighty-six. buried in 
Cedarville grave)-ard. 

McLane. Xathaniel. Xenia ; Robert Gowdy, captain ; 
his sawmill was one mile northwest of Xenia 
on Shawnee. 

McFarland. John. Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, 
captain ; born in 1784 in Tennessee. 

McCormack. John. Bath: William Stephenson, cap- 
tain ; buried at Bath churchyard, west of Mad 

McCormack. William; Bath: John Davis, captain. 

McCormack. James. Beaver Creek: J. Shingle- 
decker, captain: died in 1828. buried west of Mad 
River, Bath churchyard. 

McDermot. Edward. Batli : Wm. Stephenson, captain. 

McCabe, Ankeney. Bath; John Davis, captain. 

McCabe, Armstrong. Sugar Creek ; John Clark, cap- 
tain : married a daughter of Judge James Bar- 
rett, and removed to Vigo county, Indiana. 

McCarhen, James, Bath ; James Galloway, captain ; 
removed to Shelby county, Ohio. 

McClellan, Robert, Captain, Sugar Creek; died in 
1846, aged sixty-eight, buried in Woodland, 

McClellan. Joseph, Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellan, 
captain ; moved to Princeton, Indiana. 

McKnight, Josiah, Xenia ; from Virginia ; his peo- 
ple removed to Illinois; he is buried in Woodland. 

McKnight. William. Sugar Creek; John Clark, cap- 
tain : died January 16, 1S53, aged seventy-six, 
buried in McKnight graveyard, near Spring Val- 
ley, Ohio. 

McKnight. Robert. Sugar Creek; John Clark, cap- 
tain : died February 27. 1856. aged seventy-six, 
buried in McKnight graveyard. 

McKnight. David. Sugar Creek ; John Clark, cap- 
lain ; died January 17. 1893. aged seventy-four, 
buried in McKnight graveyard. 

McKenzie. William. \'ance : Samuel Stewart, captain. 

McBride. William. Sugar Creek; John Clark, cap- 

McBride. James. Sugar Creek; Lieutenant Robert 
McClellan : Justice of the Peace in Sugar Creek 
township at an early date. 

Mcintosh. William, Beaver Creek: Zach. Ferguson, 
captain : buried in Beaver Creek cemetery 

McFarland, Arthur, Xenia : James. Morrow, captain ; 
died Xovember 2y. 1834. aged forty-six. 

McFarland. Robert. Xenia; Lieutenant in War of 
1812; came to Greene county in 1806. died Au- 
gust 2Z, 1869. aged eighty-five, buried in Baptist 
graveyard near Cedarville. 

McCulley. Wm.. Xenia : James Morrow, captain ; 
died September, 1823, aged thirty-four, buried in 
Massie's Creek (Stevenson's) graveyard, 

McCulley, James, Xenia; James Morrow, captain: 
buried' in Massie's Creek (Stevenson's) grave- 

McCullough. John, captain- Miami: died September 
g, 1817, buried in Massie's Creek ( Stevenscm's) 

Moore. Charles. Xenia ; Robert Gowdy. captain. 

Moore. James, Beaver Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 

Moore. Wm. M.. Beaver Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, 

Moore. Wm. C, Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellen, 

Moore. James. Xenia; James Morrow, captain. 

Mendenhall, Joseph, Xenia ; Robert Gowdy, cap- 
tain ; removed to Hamilton county, Indiana. (Son 
of John). 

Mendenhall. Benj.. Xenia; Robert Gowdy. captain; 
died February 10. 1891. buried at Spring \'alley. 

Mendenhall. Obadiah. Xenia ; Robert Gowdy, cap- 
tain ; removed to Indiana. 

Mendenhall. Aaron, Silver Creek; John Watson, 
captain ; removed to Indiana. 

Mendenhall. Richard. Sugar Creek : Robert McClel- 
lan. captain ; removed to Hamilton county, In- 

Martin, Jonah. Xenia; Robert Gowdy, captain. 

Martin, Ezekiel. Sugar Creek; Ammi Maltbie. cap- 

Martin, Samuel. Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellan, 

Moorman. John. Silver Creek: John Watson, cap- 



Moorman, James. Silver Creek; John Watson, cap- 

Moorman, Pleasant ; Martin Sluiey. captain ; died 
in Silver Creek township in i860. 

Moorman, Thomas, Silver Creek ; John Watson, 
captain : died October 26. 1845. buried at James- 
town. Ohio. 

Moorman. Macaji, C, Silver Creek: John Watson, 
captain ; buried at Jamestown. Ohio. 

Moorman, Samuel. Silver Creek; John Watson, cap- 

Mitchell, George. Silver Creek ; John Watson, cap- 
tain ; son-in-law of Patrick Killeen, Jamestown, 

Mitchel. John. Bath ; Wm. Stephenson, captain. 

Mitchel. James. Xenia ; John Davis, captain; died 
November 28, 1848. aged eighty-three, buried at 
Massie's Creek graveyard (Stevenson's). 

Mitchel. Wm. M. Bath; John Davis, captain. 

Mitchel. David. Xenia; Chas. Wolverton, captain; 
buried in Massie's Creek graveyard (Steven- 

Mitchel, Robert. Miami ; Samuel Stewart, captam. 

Myers, James. Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 

Myers, George, Beaver Creek; Wm. Stephenson, 

Morgan. Vansant. Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, 

Morgan. George. Sugar Creek; .\mmi Maltbie, cap- 

Morgan, Jacob. Miami ; Samuel Stewart, captam. 

Morgan, Jonathan, Sugar Creek; Ammi Maltbie, 

Morgan Samuel. Bath; Wm Stevenson, captain. 

Morgan. Thomas. Sugar Creek; Ammi Maltbie, cap- 
tain; died in Ca;sar's Creeic township in 1824. 

Mercer. John, Ross; Samuel Herrod. captain; born 
September 14. 1/89. died June 28. 1880, aged 
ninety-one ; came from Frederick county, \ ir- 

Mefcen' Henry, Bath; J. Shingiedecker, captain; 
buried at Fairfield. Oliio. 

Mercer. Edward, Sugar Creek ; John Clark, captain ; 
died February 5. i8.^7 aged sixty-seven buned 
in Mercer graveyard, four miles .south ot Aenia. 

Mercer. Robert. Bath; Martin Shuey, captam ;died 
in Bath township. September 23. 1868. 

Murphy. John. Xenia; Samuel Herrod, captain. 

Murphy. John. Sugar Creek; Ammi Maltbie, cap- 

Murphy, David. Cssar's Creek; Joseph Lucas, cap- 
tain; removed to Indianapolis. Indiana. 

Manier, Isaac. Bath; Wm. Stephenson, captain; 
buried west of Mad river. Bath tovvnship. 

Miller, Augustus. Sugar Creek; Ammi Maltbie, cap- 
tain ; buried in Pioneer graveyard, north of Bell- 

Miller, Isaac. Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellan. cap- 
tain; buried in Middle Run churchyard, Bell- 

Miller, George, Xenia; James Morrow, captam. 

Miller, John, Miami ; James Morrow, captain. 

Miller, Daniel, Miami ; James Morrow, captain. 

Miller, William, Miami ; Samuel Stewart, captain ; 
died September 25, 1873, aged seventy-nine, buried 
in Clifton cemetery, 

Mitman, Jacob, Bath ; from Pennsylvania, in the 
War of 1812, buried in Mitman graveyard, near 
Fairfield, Ohio. 

Mann, Charles, Cjesar's Creek ; Joseph Lucas, cap- 
tain ; died December 24, 1865, aged eighty-three, 
buried in New Burlington cemetery, 

Mann, David, Caesar's Creek ; Joseph Lucas, cap- 
tain : died July 29, 1856, aged seventy-two, buried 
in New Burlington cemetery. 

Moberly, John, Caesar's Creek; Joseph Lucas, cap- 

Ma.xon, Jesse, Bath ; Wm. Stephenson, captain ; 
buried in Mitman graveyard, near Osborn, Ohio. 

Maddux. William, Xenia; buried at Soldiers' Home 
in Dayton. 

Morningstar. Geo., Beaver Creek ; J. Shingiedecker, 
captain; lived on the Benjamin Stine farm. 

Mirmiars, Wm., Beaver Creek; J. Shingiedecker, 

May. Geo., Beaver Creek ; J. Shingiedecker, captain ; 
buried in Rockfield graveyard, Bath township. 

Maltbie, .\mmi, captain; Sugar Creek; died June 
18, 1854, aged seventy-four, buried one mile south- 
west of Bellbrook in Baptist graveyard. 

Mock, Daniel, Sugar Creek; Ammi Maltbie, captain; 
moved to Fayette county, Ohio, 

Mock, John, Sugar Creek; Ammi Maltbie, captain; 
moved to Fayette county, Ohio, 

Marshall, John, Sugar Creek; Ammi Maltbie, cap- 
tain; buried on the Marshall farm, overlooking 
the Little Miami River. 

Morrow. Jas., captain. Xenia- Charles Wolverton, 
captain; buried in Massie's Creek graveyard 

Moody, Robert, Miami; James Morrow, captain; 
died in Xenia, August 24, 1872, aged ninety-six, 
buried in Massie's Creek graveyard (Stephen- 

Millman. Ephraim, Vance; Samuel Stewart, cap- 

Moreland, William, Miami; Samuel Stewart, cap- 
tain; buried in Massie's Creek graveyard (Tar- 

Merriman, Joshua, Sugar Creek; John Clark, cap- 

Newlin, Mark, Beaver Creek; Robert McClellan, 
captain ; buried at Beaver Creek. 

Napp. Moses, Miami; James Galloway, captain. 

Noble, Joshua, Beaver Creek; Zach, Ferguson, cap- 

Newport, William, Xenia; Robert Gowdy, captain, 

Neeley, James, Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, 
captain; died in 1826, in Sugar Creek township. 

Nelson, John, Beaver Creek; J. Shingiedecker. cap- 



Nave. Jacob. Beaver Creek: J. Shingledeckcr. cap- 
tain ; removed to Clark county. Ohio. 

Nagley. John. Vance : Samuel Stewart, captain : re- 
verted to Clark county. Ohio. 

Nagley. George. Vance ; Samuel Stewart, captain : 
reverted to Clark county, Ohio. 

Nagley. Henry. Vance : Samuel Stewart, captain : 
reverted to Clark county. Ohio. 

Owens. George. Sugar Creek : Anmii Maltbie. cap- 
tain ; died December 27, 1865. aged seventy-one. 
buried in Woodland. Xenia. 

Owens. Jonathan. Sugar Creek; Ammi Maltbie. cap- 
tain ; died June g. 1853. aged seventy, buried in 
Woodland, Xenia. 

Owens. James. Sugar Creek; Ammi Maltbie. cap- 
tain ; married Deborah Marshall .\ugust 5. 1805. 

Orr. John, Xenia ; Capt, Chestnut, S. C. ; buried at 
Cedarville. Ohio. 

Oliver. John. Silver Creek ; John Watson, captain. 

Oliver, Allen, Silver Creek; John Watson, captain. 

Pollock, Samuel, Ross; Jacob Fudge, captain. 

Pollock, John ; Samuel Herrod. captain ; buried in 
Massie's Creek graveyard (Stevenson's). 

Perry, .-Mien; Sugar Creek; Robert McClelland, cap- 

Perry, Ebenczer. Silver Creek ; John Watson, cap- 
tain ; died June 4, 1855, aged seventy-five, buried 
two miles west of Bowersville, road to Painters- 

Parmer. Thos.. Silver Creek : John Watson, captain. 

Palmer, Joseph, Beaver Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 
'tain : died December 14, 1864, aged seventy-four, 
buried in Woodland, Zenia. 

Palmer. Jacob, Beaver Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 
tain. • 

Painter, Jesse, C>esar's Creek. John Watson, cap- 
tain ; died. 1867. Casar's Creek township, buried 
in >Jew Hope churchyard. 

Painter, Jacob, Cassar's Creek : John W'atson, cap- 
tain ; buried in New Hope churchyard. 

Peal, John, Cssar's Creek; John Watson, captain, 

Puterbaugh, Daniel, Beaver Creek ; J, Shingledeckcr, 
captain ; buried at Mt, Zion, Beaver Creek town- 

Porter, James. Sugar Creek ; Ammi Maltbie, cap- 
tain ; died in 1814. His discharge says there is 
yet seven months' pay due him. 

Poague, Jas.. Sugar Creek ; Robt. McClcllan. captain. 

Poague. William; Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, 
captain ; died October 25. 1S42, buried in Wood- 
land. Xenia. 

Pearson. John, Vance : Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Poague. Thomas. Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan. 
captain ; body removed from IMcrcer graveyard 
to Woodland. Xenia. 

Pringle. Robert. Miami: Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Provost, Joseph, Miami ; Samuel Stewart, captain ; 
died August lO, 1835, 'aged si.xty, buried in 
Woodland, Xenia. 

Pedrick. William. Xenia ; James Morrow, captain. 

Popenoc. James. Xenia; Zach. Ferguson, captain: 
buried in Centerville, Ohio, died, 1848. 

Price, John, Xenia; Capt. Steele. 

Price, William, Caesar's Creek; Joseph Lucas, cap- 

Price, Thomas, Sugar Creek : John Clark, captain. 

Price, Peter, captain. Caesar's Creek ; buried at 

Pelham, Jesse, Xenia; Capt. Steele. 

Pelham. Samuel. Xenia; Capt. Steele; died in 1823; 
editor of first paper published in Xenia, "The 

Powers, Wni. D.. Xenia ; Capt. Steele ; buried in 
Union graveyard, near Byron. 

Parks. James, Xenia ; Capt. Steele. 

Poland. Robert, Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 

Powers. Daniel. Bath; William Stejilienson. captain: 
a bounty jumper, a much wanted man; see his- 
tory of Greene county. Bath township. 

Proctor. John, Bath ; William Stephenson, captain. 

Perkins. Thomas. Xenia ; Robert Gowdy. captain ; 
buried in Woodland. Xenia. 

Popenoe, James. Xenia ; Capt. Ankcney ; died in 
1848. aged seventv-three, buried at Centerville, 

Quinn, Amos; James Morrow, captain; buried in 
Seceder graveyard, west Market street. Xenia, 
where the school house now stands. 

Quinn. James; James Gallowav. captain. 

Rodgers. William, adjutant. Sugar Creek; buried 
in Pioneer graveyard. Bellbrook. 

Rice. Russel. Xenia ; buried in Woodland. Xenia. 

Rains. Simon, Beaver Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 
tain; died November 21, 1855, aged eighty-one, 
buried in Woodland, Xenia. 

Rains. Jonathan, Beaver Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, 

Rains. William; Zach. Ferguson, captain; died 
March 25, 1875, aged ninety-four, buried in Mi- 
ami township. 

Retter. Jacob, Beaver Creek ; J. Shingledeckcr. cap- 

Retter. John. Beaver Creek; T. Shingledeckcr, cap- 
tain ; buried in Aley churchyard. 

Rue. Jacob, Beaver Creek ; J. Shingledeckcr. cap- 

Rupert. Enos, Beaver Creek : J. Shingledeckcr. cap- 
tain ; died May 11. 1828. aged fifty-si.x. buried in 
Beaver Creek churchyard. .Alpha. 

Rupert, Moses, Beaver Creek. 

Rnssel. Moses. Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, cap- 
tain; removed to Sidney. Ohio, died in 1851. 
aged seventy-five. 

Kusscl. .Me.xander. Miami ; James Galloway, captain. 

Rich. Jacob. Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, cap- 
tain ; buried on his farm two miles south on the 
Burlington road. 



Ragan, Reason. Sugar Creek: Robert McClellan. 
captain : died in Indianapolis. January 5. 1864. 

Rowan. Alexander. Ross; Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Rowan. Edward. Ross ; Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Reece. Daniel. Vance ; Samuel Stewart, captain ; died 
in Xenia township in 1817. 

Richards. William. Xenia; Robert Gowdy. captain; 
removed to Chicago. 

Roberts. Silas. Xenia; Robert Gowdy, captain; from 
Pennsylvania, died in Xenia July 29. 1864, aged 
seventy-four, buried in Woodland, Xenia. 

Renolds. James, Xenia ; Robert Gowdy. captain. 

Riley. John, Miami; James Galloway, captain. 

Ray, William, Beaver Creek; Samuel Herrod, cap- 

Robinson. Edward. Sugar Creek; John Davis, L, 
D., captain; died October 17, 1845, aged seventy- 
three, buried in Pioneer graveyard, Bellbrook. 

Robinson. Joseph. Jr.. Sugar Creek; John Davis, 
captain ; died in Sugar Creek township in 1820, 
buried in Pioneer graveyard, Bellbrook. 

Ross. Alexander E.. Sugar Creek ; Robert McClel- 
lan. captain. 

Ross. John. Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan. cap- 
tain ; died in Sugar Creek township in 182.3. 

Rockafield. Aaron. Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, 
captain; died in Bath township in 1836, buried in 
Rockafield graveyard. 

Ritenhouse, John, Beaver Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, 

Romain. Christopher. Bath. 

Read. Lieut. William, Bath ; William Stephenson, 
captain; born January 21, 1793, died December 
25, 1862, buried at Fairfield, Ohio. 

Smith, Samuel ; Jacob Fudge, captain. 

Smith, John, Xenia; died October 24. 1862, aged 
sixty-two, buried in Woodland. Xenia. 

Smith. Hon. Jacob, Beaver Creek ; J. Shingledecker, 
captain ; died in 1819. buried on the Harbine 
farm, near Alpha, reinterred in Woodland, Xenia. 

Smith. Thomas, Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, 

Smith, Jeremiah, Sugar Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 
tain ; died in Sugar Creek township in 1848. 

Smith, Matthias, Esq.. Bath ; John McCullough. cap- 
tain ; died August 6. 1823. buried in Foick grave- 
yard ; his widow married Abram Hivling. Sr. 

Smith, David, Caesar's Creek ; Joseph Lucas, cap- 

Smith, Spencer, Miami; James Galloway, captain. 

Smith. Josiah B., Beaver Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, 
captain; second son of Jacob, Sr., the old miller. 

Smith. John. Beaver Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, captain ; 
son of Jacob. Sr. ; was sheriff of Greene county 
from i8ig to 1824; came to Beaver Creek town- 
ship in 1801. died at Springfield May 4- 1852, aged 
seventy-two, buried at Springfield, Ohio. 

Smith. Walter; born May 9. 1788. died February 
2. 1873. aged seventy-two. buried in Beaver 

Sellars. John. Xenia ; Jacob Fudge, captain ; died 
December 17. 1884. aged seventy-eight, buried 
in Woodland, Xenia. 

Sanders, Hezekiah, Xenia ; John Davis, captain ; died 
August 4, 1883, aged eighty-four, buried in James- 
town cemetery. 

Sanders, Jesse. Sugar Creek ; John Clark, captain ; 
died May 21, 1880. aged eighty-eight, buried in 
Woodland, Xenia. 

Sanders, Isaac, Xenia; John Davis, captain; died 
August 4, 1863, aged eighty-four, buried in James- 
town cemetery. 

Sanders, Samuel, Xenia; Robert Gowdy. captain. 

Sanders. Forris, Sugar Creek ; Animi Maltbie, cap- 
tain ; moved to Lidiana. 

Stark. William T.. Xenia; died September i, 1858, 
aged sixty-eight, buried in Woodland, Xenia. 

Scott. James A., Xenia; Adam Tannyhill, captain; 
died August 12. 1881, aged eighty-seven, buried in 
Woodland, Xenia. 

Scott, William, Xenia ; James Morrow, captain ; died 
June, 1843, aged eighty, buried in Massie's Creek 
graveyard (Tarbox). 

Scott, John, Xenia; Robert McClellan. captain. 

Scott. Andrew. Xenia ; John Davis, captain ; son of 
William and Jane. 

Schebly. James, Sugar Creek; died July 15, 1879, 
aged eighty-seven, buried in Woodland, Xenia. 

Shingledecker, Jacob, Capt., Beaver Creek; died 
October 4. 1849. aged seventy-five, buried in 
L'uion gravevard. near Byron. 

Shingledecker. Abraham, Beaver Creek; J. Shingle- 
decker, captain. 

Shingledecker, John, Beaver Creek ; J. Shingle- 
decker, captain. 

Sype, William, Beaver Creek ; J. Shingledecker, cap- 

Stewart, Moses, Beaver Creek; J. Shingledecker, 

Stew-art, Andrew, Beaver Creek ; J. Shingledecker, 
captain ; died in Beaver Creek township in 1815. 

Stewart, Robert, Silver Creek ; John Spencer, cap- 
tain ; buried in graveyard at Bowersville, Ohio. 

Stewart, John, Miami ; Samuel Stewart, captain ; 
buried in churchyard. Clifton, Ohio. 

Stewart. John T., Vance; Samuel Stewart, captain; 
died April i6. 1850, aged sixty-nine, buried in 
Clifton cemetery. 

Stewart, Edward. Silver Creek; John Watson, cap- 

Stewart. Samuel, Capt., Vance. 

Snodgrass, James. Sugar Creek ; Ammi Maltbie, 
captain ; died in Sugar Creek township in 1846. 

Snodgrass, Samuel. Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellan, 
captain ; died in Sugar Creek township in 1823. 

Snodgrass, Robert. Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellan, 

Snodgrass. William, Sugar Creek; Robert McClel- 
lan. captain; died in Sugar Creek township in 

Sterritt. Robert E.. Xenia; .Ammi Maltbie, captain; 



buried in Massie's Creek churchyard (Steven- 

Sterritt, Joseph, Xenia : Ammi Maltbie. captain : 
buried in Massie's Creek churchyard (Steven- 

Sutton. Robert, Sugar Creek : Annni Mahbie, cap- 

Sutton. Jeremiah, Caesar's Creek: John Davis, cap- 

Sutton. WilHam. Caesar's Creek: Robert McClellan. 
captain : died in 1818, buried in Caesar's Creek 

Sutton, .-Xniaziah, Caesar's Creek : Ro'oert McClellan, 

Sutton, William G., Caesar's Creek ; Robert McClel- 
lan, captain; buried in Indiana; he went there 
on a visit, died, and is buried there. 

Sutton, Cornelius, B«h : William Stephenson, cap- 

Sutton. Jesse, Xenia; John Spencer, captain. 

Sutton. .•\mos, Bath: John McCullough, captain. 

Stipes, Isaac, Sugar (reek; Ammi Maltbie, captain. 

Stevens, John, Sugar Creek ; Ammi Maltbie, cap- 

Stevens, Evan. Miami : Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Sparks, Thomas, Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellan, 
captain ; buried in Pioneer graveyard, Belllirook. 

Soward. Reuben. Sugar Creek : Robert McClellan, 
captain ; buried in Pioneer graveyard, Bellbrook, 

Schrote, Christopher, Miami ; James Morrow, cap- 

Schrofe. David ; James Morrow, captain. 

Schrofe. Lew'is : James Morrow, captain. 

Schrofe, Sebastian, Miami; John Spencer, captain; 
removed to Indiana. 

Stevenson. Robert. Xenia ; James Morrow, captain, 
also Samuel Herrod; buried in Massie's Creek 
graveyard (Stevenson's). 

Stevenson, John, Xenia; James Morrow, captain, 
also Samuel Herrod; buried in Massie's Creek 

Stevenson. James, Xenia: James Morrow, captain; 
buried in Massie's Creek graveyard. 

Stephenson. William, Capt.. Bath; died November 
II, 18,^4, buried in the Mitman graveyard, near 
Osborn, Ohio. 

Sparks. Lenard, Xenia: James Morrow, captain. 

Street. John, Xenia; James Morrow, captain. 

Shanks. Thomas; Samuel Herrod, captain. 

Shover. Simon, Bath ; Zach. Ferguson, captain ; died 
in Bath township in 1813. 

Shoup, Moses, Beaver Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 
tain ; died May 7, 1880, aged eighty-seven, buried 
at Mt. Zion. 

Slaughter. Ezekiel. Vance : Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Sulavan, John ; Vance ; James Galloway, captain. 

Spencer, Francis, Ross ; Samuel Herrod, captain ; 
son of Michael. 

Spencer. Michael, Ross; Samuel Herrod, captain; 
died in Ross township in 1828. 

Spencer, John. Capt.. Xenia: captain in War of 

Stanfield. A\'illiam. Sugar Creek ; Robert McCellan, 
captain ; died May 22, 1842, aged seventy-two, 
buried on the Smith Stow farm, south of Xenia. 

Stanfield, John, Sugar Creek: Robert McClellan, 
captain ; died March i,\. 1842. brother of Will- 

Saterfield, John. Sugar Creek: John Clark, cap- 

Schooley. Israel. Sugar Creek: John Clark, cap- 

Searls. Elisha. Bath: William Stephenson, captain; 
kept tavern in Fairfield in 1817. 

Sleeth. John, Bath : William Stephenson, captain. 

Sleeth, David, Bath : \\'illiam Stephenson, captain. 

Snipp. Jacob, Bath : William Stephenson, captain ; 
died August 27, 1877. aged eighty-seven, buried 
in Aley churchyard. 

Stanton, William, Caesar's Creek ; Joseph Lucas, 

Shepherd. Jesse, Caesar's Creek : Joseph Lucas, cap- 
tain ; buried in Caesar's Creek township. 

Steele. Samuel, Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellan, cap- 

Sheigley. Adam. Xenia ; John Davis, captain. 

Simonton. Benjamin, Miami ; James Galloway, cap- 

Silvey, James, Xenia ; Robert Gowdy, captain. 

Snyder, Jacob, Xenia ; Rogert Gowdy, captain. 

Snyder, Henry, Beaver Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 

Snyder. Jonathan. Beaver Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, 
captain ; died December. 1858. aged seventy-eight, 
buried in Beaver Creek cemetery, near Alpha ; 
came from Washington. Maryland. 

Shaw, Samuel, Xenia : Capt. Steele ; one of the 
first elders in first L'. P. church. Xenia. 

Stratton. Mahlon, Xenia ; John Watson, captain ; 
removed to Clinton county, Ohio. 

Stailey. Daniel, Beaver Creek: Zach Ferguson, cap- 
tain; born February. 1782, died April 16, 1829, 
aged forty-seven, buried in Marshall graveyard 
on the little Miami river. 

Stailey. Elias, Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, 

Swigart. John, Beaver Creek; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 
tain; died October 7, 1847. aged fifty-six, buried 
in Beaver Creek churchyard. 

Swigart. Jacob, Beaver Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 

Swigart. Michael. Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, 
captain ; died February 19. 1849, aged eighty- 
four, buried in Mt. Zion churchyard. 

Saum, Jacob,'' Beaver Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, cap- 
tain : Irorn January 2. 1777. died September 5, 
J858, aged eighty-one, buried in Beaver Creek 
cemetery, near Alpha. 

Shellinger, Adam, Caesar's Creek; Joseph Lucas, 
captain ; died August 25, 1825. aged sixty-two, 
buried in New Burlington cemetery. 



Shellinger, George, Caesar'^ Creek: Josepli Lucas, 
captain ; died September 26. 1813. aged twenty- 
one, buried in Xevv burlington cemetery. 

Sheley, Benjamin. Silver Creek: John Watson, cap- 
tain ; son of John and Margaret. 

Sharp. Aires. Silver Creek : John Watson, captain. 

Shaner. George. Silver Creek: John Watson, cap- 
tain : buried in Shaner graveyard, one inile west 
of Jamestown. Ohio. 

Shaner Adam, Silver Creek ; John Watson, captain : 
buried in Shaner graveyard, one mile west of 
Jamestown, Ohio. 

Tififaney, John. Xenia; from Virginia: died July 
g. 1855. aged eighty, buried in W'oodland. Xenia. 

Townsley. George, ensign. Xenia : Robert McClel- 
Ian, captain ; died October i, 1857, aged seventy- 
two, buried in Woodland, Xenia. 

Townsley, Thomas, Xenia : James Morrow, captain ; 
buried at Clifton, Ohio; died February 2, 1841. 

Townsley, Samuel, Xenia ; Martin Shuey, captain ; 
died April 24, 1853, aged sixty-two, buried in 
Cedarville cemetery. 

Todd, John. Beaver Creek: J. Shingledecker. cap- 
tain: removed to Madison, Indiana. 

Todd. John B., Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellan, cap- 
tain : removed to Indiana. 

Todd, James, Xenia : James Morrow, captain ; re- 
moved to Indiana. 

Truby, Jacob, Beaver Creek : J. Shingledecker, cap- 

Truby, John, Beaver Creek; J. Shingledecker, cap- 

Tingley. John A., Beaver Creek; J. Shingledecker, 
captain : died January 10. 1830. aged fifty-five, 
buried at the Cost graveyard. 

Torrence. William. Sugar Creek; Amtni Maltbie. 
captain: buried in the Pioneer graveyard, near 

Towell. John. Sugar Creek : .-Xmini Maltbie. captain ; 
came from Virginia: buried in Grape Grove cem- 
etery, near the village. 

Thoinpson, John, Vance: Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Thompson, William, Vance: Samuel Stewart, cap- 

Taylor. Benjamin, Miami; Satnuel Stewart, cap- 

Taylor. Harry, Miami; James Galloway, captam ; 
buried in Folk graveyard. Bath township. 

Taylor. Peter, Miami: James Galloway, captain; 
buried at Pleasant Grove church, near Byron, 

Taylor, David. Miami : John Davis, captam. 

Taylor. John A.. Sugar Creek: Robert McClellan. 

Thornburg, Israel. Vance: Samuel Stewart, cap- 
tain. . , . , 

Thornburg. Richard; Jo.seph Lucas, captam; buried 
in New Hope churchyard, near Pamtersville. 

Towler, Joseph. Miami ; James Galloway, captam. 

Thorn. William. Xenia; Samuel Herrod. captain; 
died in 1853. buried near Selma, Clark county, 

Tatman. Joseph, Bath ; John Davis, captain ; buried 
in the Mitman graveyard ; near Fairfield, Ohio. 

Talbert, Josiah, Xenia ; John Davis, captain ; re- 
moved to Champaign county, Ohio. 

Talkert. Richard C, Xenia ; Robert Gowdy, captain ; 
removed to Madison, Indiana. 

True, Martin, Xenia; Robert Gowdy, captain; bur- 
ied in old Methodist graveyard, East Third street, 

Thomas, Jacob. Xenia ; Robert Gowdy, captain ; died 
in Silver Creek township in 1837. 

Thomas, Daniel, Sugar Creek ; John Clark, captain ; 
buried in Middle Run graveyard, three miles 
south of Bellbrook. 

Turner, William, Silver Creek; Joseph Lucas, cap- 
tain; born in 1797, died December, 1870, buried 
in Jamestown, Ohio. 

Turner, Henry, Silver Creek; Joseph Lucas, cap- 
tain; buried in Baptist graveyard, near James- 
town, Ohio. 

VanEaton, Abraham, Sugar Creek; John Clark, cap- 
tain ; buried in Pioneer graveyard, north of Bell- 
brook, Ohio. 

VanEaton, John, Sugar Creek; Ammi Maltbie. cap- 
tain ; died in 1858, aged si.xty-six, buried in 
Woodland, Xenia. 

\'ance, John, Sugar Creek; Ammi Maltbie. captain. 

Vance. Joseph, Sugar Creek ; Ammi Maltbie, cap- 

Vance, James, Sugar Creek ; Robert McClellan, cap- 

Vaughn, William, Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, 

Vaughn. Thompson, Sugar Creek ; Robert McClel- 
lan, captain. 

Vogle, Peter, Beaver Creek ; J, Shingledecker, cap- 
tain. ' 

Vanmeter, Joel, Vance ; Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Vance, Ephraim, Vance : Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Vance. Joseph, Vance; Samuel Stewart, captain. 

Williams, John. Xenia ; Atruni Maltbie. captain ; 
died April 6. 1826, aged forty-three, born in 
Kentucky .\pril 4. 1783. buried in Woodland, 

Williams. Garret. Xenia; Ammi Maltbie. captain; 
buried near Madison, Indiana. 

Williams. Remembrance. Sr.. Xenia ; Ammi Malt- 
bie. captain ; moved to Madison, Indiana, in 1817, 
died February 2, 1843. 

Williams, Robert, Batrh : John McCullough, captain; 
buried in Middle Fork, Indiana. 

Williams. Stephen. Silver Creek ; Joseph Lucas, 

Warman. William, Beaver Creek ; Zach. Ferguson, 



Wright. George C. Xenia ; Berry Applewhite, of 

Virginia, captain: buried in Woodland. Xenia. 
Wright. Merrit. Xenia; Berry Applewhite, of Vir- 
ginia ; buried in Woodland. Xenia. 
Wright. Lewis. Xenia; Berry Applewhite, of Vir- 
ginia, captain; buried in Woodland. Xenia. 
Wright. Jesse. Xenia; buried in Woodland. Xenia. 
Wamble. Edward. Xenia; Robert Gowdy, captain; 

buried in Woodland. Xenia. 
Willand. John. Beaver Creek; J. Shingledecker. cap- 
tain ; buried in Hawker's churchyard. 
Wayland. Christian. Bath; James Galloway, captain. 
Wayland. John. Bath; J. Shingledecker. captain. 
Wilson. Michael. Bath ; J. Shingledecker. captain. 
Wilson. David. Sugar Creek: Robert McClellan, 

Wilson. Jeremiah. Bath ; J. Shingledecker. captain. 
Wilson. William. Bath; J. Shingledecker, captain. 
Wilson. John. Sugar Creek: Martin Shuey. captain. 
Wilson. Joseph. Caesar's Creek; Robert McClellan. 
captain ; died December 28. 1872. aged eighty- 
five, buried in Baptist graveyard, between Jasper 
and Jamestown. 
Wilson. George. Sugar Creek ; James Morrow, cap- 
Wilson. John. Jr.. Miami: Samuel Stewart, captain. 
Wilson. Spencer. \'ance ; Samuel Stewart, captain. 
Wilson, John. Bath ; James Galloway-, captain. 
Wilson. Joseph. Silver Creek: John Watson, cap- 
tain: died March 11, 1823. aged sixty-nine, bur- 
ied in Jamestown cemetery. 
Wilson. James. Bath: William Stephen.son, captain. 
Wilson. Jacob. Miami : buried in the Clifton ceme- 
Westfall. Jonathan, Bath : J. Shingledecker, captain ; 

died in Bath township in 181.^. 
Webb, James, Sugar Creek; Ammi Maltbie, cap- 
Webb. Henry. Sugar Creek: Robert McClellan. cap- 
Whicken, Matthew, Sugar Creek, .\nimi Maltbie. 

captain ; buried in Bellbrook. Ohio. 
Whicken. John. Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan. 

captain : buried in Bellbrook. Ohio. 
Walcutt. John H.. Sugar Creek: .^mmi Maltbie. 

Ward Henry. Xenia ; James Morrow, captain. 
Woodward, Henry. Bath: James Morrow, captain. 
Wingct. Hugh. Bath; James Morrow, captain. 
Winget. James. Bath; James Galloway, captain. 
Walborn. Robert, Vance; Samuel Stewart, captain. 
Wells. Benedict, Miami ; Samuel Stewart, captain, 
Wheeler. Ebenezer, Miami : Samuel Stewart, cap- 
Watson, Charles, Silver Creek; Samuel Stewart, 

Weddlc, Peter M.. Xenia ; Robert Gowdy, captain, 
Watson, James, Silver Creek; John Watson, cap- 
Wallace, Jonathan, Xenia; Robert Gowdy, captain; 

died at the house of .Anthony Byer, Clark county, 

April 25, 1850, aged seventy. 
Watson. James, Xenia ; Robert Gowdy, captain. 
Watson, John, Capt.. Silver Creek ; died August 

3. 1861. aged eighty, buried in the Moorman 

graveyard, near Jamestown. Ohio. 
Wolf. Adam. Miami; Samuel Stewart, captain ; died 

in 1857, aged sixty-seven, buried in Mud Run 

churchyard. Clark county, Ohio. 
Wead. Merida. Vance : Samuel Stewart, captain. 
Willets. Samuel. Vance ; Samuel Stewart, captain. 
Walton. Edward. Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, 

captain ; died in Spring Valley April 4. 1867, 

aged ninety, buried in Caesar's Creek graveyard, 

two miles southwest of New Burlington, Ohio. 
White. John. Xenia : Samuel Herrod. captain ; died 

June 22. 1866. buried at Cedarville. Ohio. 
White. Benjamin. Sugar Creek; Robert McClellan, 

captain ; removed to Ladoga. Indiana. 
Whiteman. Benjamin. General. Miami : died July 

3. 1852. aged eighty-three, at his home near Clif- 
ton. Ohio: buried in Clifton cemetery. 
Whiteman. Henry. Xenia : Samuel Herrod. captain. 
Whiteman. (ireenbury. Xenia; buried in Massie's 

Creek churchyard (^ Stevenson's). 
Whiteman. Jacob. Xenia ; buried in Massie's Creek 

churchyard (Stevenson's). 
Watts, Edward, Xenia : Capt. Steele : buried near 

the Stand Pipe. Xenia. 
Watts. William. Beaver Creek : Zach. Ferguson, 

captain ; buried in Union graveyard, near Byron. 
Williamson. William, Bath; William Stephenson, 

captain ; buried in Mitman graveyard, east of 
Osborn, Ohio. 
Worton. John. Caesar's Creek: Joseph Lucas, cap- 
Wikle. Philip. Silver Creek; Joseph Lucas, cap- 
tain ; died in 1888, aged eighty-five, buried at 
Port William, Ohio. 
Worrel, John, Caesar's Creek : Joseph Lucas, captain. 

Young. .-Xbraham. Silver Creek: John Watson, cap- 

Yates. William. Beaver Creek: J. Shingledecker, 

TO 1840. 

Adams, Jesse, Xenia. 1826: married Martha Small, 

June 2. 1836. 
Abernathy. John, Silver Creek, 1830: married Nancy 

Moorman. November 27. 1837. 
Adams. Samuel. Sugar Creek. 1806: from Virginia; 

died October 14. 1871. aged seventy-two; buried 

in Woodland, Xenia. 
Adams. Anglo, Xenia, 1806; December 24, 1823, 

married Eleanor Jones. 
Adams. Ephraim. Xenia. 1806; a soldier in the war 
-of 1812. 



Adams. Eli. Xenia. 1809; a soldier in the War of 
1812: August 2. 1810. married Elizabeth Beeks. 

Adams. Martin. Xenia. 1817; son of Thomas; from 
Kentucky: died December 30, ,870. aged seventy- 
four, buried in Massie's Creek cemetery (Tar- 

Adams, Rev. Jas., Xenia. 1823 ; successor of Rev. 
Robert Armstrong, died near Hanover, Indiana. 

Adams. Thomas B., Xenia, 1833; from Virginia; 
died .-Xugust 13, 1877, aged seventy-sijc, buried 
in Woodland, Xenia. 

Adams, James G.. Miami 1830; born in Troy. Ohio, 
died January 2. 1898, aged seventy-seven, buried 
in Woodland. Xenia. 

Adams. Esbon. Xenia, 1818; December 31, 1818, 
married Martha, daughter of Major James Gal- 

Adams, Thomas, Jr., Xenia, 1839; died in Xenia 
township in 1846; buried in Woodland cemetery. 

Adams, Harvey. Caesar's Creek, 1839; died; buried 
one mile north of Jamestown. Ohio. 

Adams. Nimrod, Caesar's Creek, 1839: died June 
2. 1864. aged sixty buried New Hope, Painters- 
ville, Ohio. 

Adams. James, Caesar's Creek, 1807; September 26, 
1826. married Margaret Sutton. 

Adams. Reuben. Silver Creek, 1825; July 12, 1825, 
married Matilda Ruth. 

Adatns. Zina. Silver Creek. 1824; father of the 
Adams boys, Morgan, Thomas and John. 

Adams. John. Silver Creek. 1837: from Virginia, 
blacksmith : brother-in-law to Dr. Dawson. Rock- 
bridge county. Virginia. 

Adams, Zina B., Silver Creek, 1839 

Adams. J. R., Silver Creek, 1839. 

Adams, Joseph, Caesar's Creek, 1830; died Novem- 
ber 21, 1835, aged thirty-eight, buried in New 
Hope, Paintersville. Ohio. 

Adams. William. Sugar CreeK. 1840: from Virginia: 
died .August I. 1879. aged seventy-seven; buried 
in McKnight graveyard. 

Adams. Jackson. Xenia. 1840; from Virgmia ; died 
March 17, 1891, aged sixty- four, buried in Wood- 
land, Xenia. 

Adams. Jonathan. Xenia. 1840: from Virginia, died 
December 14. 1884. aged seventy-seven, buried 
in Woodland, Xenia. 

Adar. James. Silver Creek. 1840; July 6. 1820. mar- 
ried Ann Davis. 

Adar. David D.. Silver Creek. 1840: buried at 

Jamestown. Ohio. 
Adar. Andrew. Silver Creek. 1825; September 25. 

1825. married Margaret Stotler. 
Addison, John, Beaver Creek, 1840. 
Adsit. Hiram. Caesar's Creek, 18.33; son of Elias; 
from New York ; born June 4. 1807. died Septem- 
ber 7. 1847. aged forty. 
Adsit. Elias, Sugar Creek, 18.30; from England, died 
November 30. 1859. aged eighty-two. buried in 
Woodland, Xenia. 
Aken. James, Xenia, 1829; died September 6, 1855, 

aged sixty-eight, buried in Massie's Creek (Ste- 

.■\ken. John. Beaver Creek. 1803. 

.•\ken. William. Beaver Creek. 1803; May 3. 1805. 
married Cathorine Shover. 

Aken, Adam. Beaver Creek. 1803; X'ovember ii, 
1823. married Jane Downey. 

Alexander, Samuel, 1806; buried in Clifton ceme- 

-■Mexander. Matthew, Sr.. 1806; soldier of War of 
1812. died in 1821. buried on his farm near 
Jamestown. Ohio. 

Alexander. Matthew, Jr., 1810; buried in Jamestown 

.Mexander, Francis, 1816; son of Matthew, Sr. : May 
2. 1820. married Elizabeth M. Gaff. 

Alexander, Cyrus ; son of John. 

Alexander, Hon. John. Xenia, 1804: from South 
Carolina, born April 16. 1777 ; first lawyer to 
practice in Xenia ; died June 28. 1848. aged sev- 
enty-two : buried in Woodland, Xenia. 

Alexander. Wm., Jr.. Xenia. 1816; from South Car- 
olina, brother of Hon. John, born July 9. 1785, 
died June 3. 1824; buried in Woodland, Xenia. 

Alexander, John, Xenia, i8o6; carpenter; son of 
Nathaniel: soldier of 1812; died January 30. 1865, 
aged seventy, buried in Woodland, Xenia. 

Alexander. Robert. Xenia, 1810: son of Matthew Al- 

.■\lexander. Joseph. Xenia, 1825. died July 15, 1845, 
aged forty-five, buried at Massie's Creek (Ste- 
venson's) cemetery. 

■Alexander, Joseph T,. Xenia. 1828: March 6. 1832, 
married Mary Pollock. 

.\Iexander. William, Bath, 1829; May 6, 1824, mar- 
ried Patsey Miller. 

Alexander. Wm. J., Jr., Sugar Creek, 1840: born 
June, 1827, died 1897, buried at Spring Valley, 
Ohio : lawyer of Xenia. 

.Alexander. Nathaniel. Sugar Creek. 1806; from Vir- 
ginia, died in 1846; his grandson, James, lives in 
Portland, Indiana. 

Alexander. Washington. Sugar Creek. 1841 ; son of 
Hon. John, born in 1801. died November 9, 
1867. aged sixty-seven, buried in Woodland. 

Alexander. Clement. Sugar Creek. 1840. 

.Alexander. George. Beaver Creek. 1803 

Alexander. John A., Miami. 1817: died in Miami, 
township in 1870: ex-sheriff of Clark county, 
Alexander. Jacob. JNIiami. 1819: died March 27. 1837, 
aged seventy-five, buried in Massie's Creek (Ste- 
venson's) cemetery. 
Allen, Levi, Sr., Sugar Creek, 1819; buried in 
Caesar's Creek churchyard, two miles south of 
New Burlington. 
.Allen, Joseph, Sugar Creek, 1812- buried two miles 

south of Burlin.gton. Ohio. 
Allen. Benjamin. Sugar Creek. 1812; soldier in War 
of 1812. died -April 15. 1868, aged eighty-three, 
buried in Woodland, Xenia. 



Allen. Jackson. Sugar Creek. 1812; soldier of 1812. 
Allen. Edward. Sugar Creek. 1812; soldier of 1812; 

June 28. 1810. married Mary Beason. 
Allen, Levi. Jr., Sugar Creek. 1815; died Decem- 
ber 23, 1873. aged eighty-six. buried in Preble 
county. Ohio. 
Allen. John C. Sugar Creek. 1817: son of Benjamin; 
tanner : died July 4. 1800 aged seventy-five, 
buried at Woodland. Xenia. 
Allen, Joseph. Jr.. Sugar Creek. 1827; April 28, 1815, 

married Elizabeth Caldwalder. 
Allen, Jeremiah. Sugar Creek. 1827: May 13. 1829. 
married to Hannah Bellsford ; buried at Center- 
ville, Ohio. 
Allen, Matthew. Beaver Creek. 1814. 
Allen. James. 1804; December 29, 1831. married 

Mary Marlow. 
Allen. Sylvania. 1816; July 2, 1S18, married Anna 

Allen, Davis, Xenia, 1814: from Shenandoah coun- 
ty, Virginia, born October 25. 1765. died April 
13. 1818, aged fifty-two, buried on the old Allen 
farm, near John B. Lucas's farm. 
Allen, Reuben. Xenia, 1814; son of Davis: buried on 

the farm of Lydia Peneweight. 
Allen. Davis, Jr.. Xenia. 1814; from Virginia; Jan- 
uary I. 1818, married. 
Allen. John, Xenia, 1814 ; son of Davis, died August 
6. 1864, aged seventy-two, buried in Woodland, 
Allen, ©bed. Xenia. 1814; son of Davis, moved to 
Rochester. Indiana. February 8, 1821, married Re- 
becca Byrd. 
Allen. Homer, Xenia, 1814; son of Davis; moved to 

Bellefontaine, Ohio. 
Allen, Milo, Xenia, 1814. 

Allen, Jackson, Xenia. 1814; son of Davis; died 
September 15. 1857. aged forty-five, near To- 
peka, Kansas. 
Allen, John. 1814; November 6. 1817, married Sus- 
anna Kirkpatrick. 
Allen. Wm., Sr., Beaver Creek. 1803; on the first 
grand jury held in Greene county in the house 
of Peter Borders. 
Allen. William. Jr.. Beaver Creek. 1803. 
Allen. Nathan. Beaver Creek, 1803. 
Allen. George. Beaver Creek. 1813; October 15. 1817, 

married Harriet Pruden. 
Allen. Wesley, Beaver Creek. 1815; died June 13. 
1869. aged sixty-six. buried in Bloxsom grave- 
yard, near Selma. Ohio. 
Allen. Smith. Beaver Creek. 1827. 
Allen, Robert, Beaver Creek, 1839. 
Allen, Lewis, Beaver Creek, 1839. 
Allen. Davison, Miami, 1820; buried in Clifton, 

Allen. Elijah. Ross. 1820; removed to Clark county. 

Ohio; died October 7. 1855. aged seventy. 
Allen, A., Ross, 1839. 

Allen, Burgess, Silver Creek, 1839: removed to 
Fayette county ; soldier of the Revolution ; related 
to Ethan Allen. 

Allen, William, Vance township, 1820. 
Allen. Adam. Mad River. 1803. 
Allen, Adar, Mad River, 1803. 

Allen. Matthew, Sugar Creek, 1840; son of Benja- 
min; died 1871, aged fifty: buried in Woodland, 
Xenia, Ohio. 
Allen, Levi. Jr.. Sugar Creek. 1S40; son of Benja- 
min, buried in Woodland. Xenia. Ohio. 

Allen, John B.. Xenia. 1836; from Virgin'a; died 
December 21. 1893. aged seventy-eight, buried in 
Woodland, Xenia, 

Allen. Henry C. Xenia. 1809; died in Bath town- 
ship in i8og. 

Aley. John. Beaver Creek. 1810; from Frederick 
county. Maryland ; died October. 1865, aged fifty- 
five, buried in Aley churchyard. 

Aley. Jacob. 1810; born X'ovember 4, 1783, died 
November, 1853. 

Aley. Abraham. 1818; died in Miami City, Ohio, 
buried in Aley churchyard ; soldier of the Rev- 

.\ley. Isaac. Beaver Creek. 1827 ; aged fifty-five, 
buried in Aley churchvard. 

Aley. Isaac B.. Beaver Creek. 1827. 

Allison, Samuel, Beaver Creek, 1822; from Penn- 
sylvania; died in Shelby county in 1846. 

Allison, James, Beaver Creek, 1840; son of Samuel; 
died August 22, 1864, buried in Woodland, Xenia, 

Allison, Robert, Beaver Creek, 1840: removed to 
Kansas ; died May, 1899, aged eighty-one. 

Allison, Samuel, Jr.. Beaver Creek. 1840; son of 
Samuel ; died in Xenia in 1900, buried in Wood- 
land, Xenia, Ohio. 

Allison. William. Beaver Creek. 1840: son of Sam- 
uel, Sr. ; died December, 1900; buried in Wood- 
land, Xenia, Ohio. 

Allison, lames. Sr., Bath. 1804. 

Allison, Isaac, Ross, 1840. 

-Aldridge. John C. Silver Creek, 1840; February 
23. 1836. married Mary C. Birdsell. 

.-Vldridge. William. Silver Creek. 1830; died De- 
cemlier 22. 1886, aged seventy-two, buried at Bow- 
ersville. Ohio; married Abigail Cruzan. 

.■\ldridge. Samuel. Silver Creek. 1840: November 
6. 1828. married Sarah Bragg. 

Aldridge, James H.. Xenia. 1840: died in Xenia; Au- 
gust 20. 1833. married Mary Rumbaugh. 

Aldridge, Littleberry, 1817; July 19, 1817, married 
Rebecca Read. 

Alhaugh, John, Xenia, 1814: died September 18, 
1815. after a short illness. 

Alderman. James, Ross, 1840. 

Alberry. George. Xenia. 1S40. 

Ainsworth, G. C, Bath. 1826; died March 12. 1842, 
aged forty-two. buried in the Co.x graveyard. Os- 
born. Ohio. 

.\insworth, George. Bath. 1840 : October 14. 1832, 
married Matilda Cox. 

Ainsworth, J. C, Bath, 1S39: buried near Bath 
church, west of Mad River. 

Aims, Darrow, Bath. 1806. 



Aims. J.acob. Bath, 1803 : February 18, 1824, married 

Anny Truby. 
Ambler. John. Miami. 1809; removed to Clark 

Ambler. Thomas. Miami. 1819; removed to Clark 

Anderson. Mason. Sugar Creek, 1810; soldier in 

War of 1812. 
Anderson. Seth, Sugar Creek. 1803. 
Anderson, Samuel. Sugar Creek. 1803. 
Anderson, John, Sr.. Sugar Creek, 1807; died in 

1816. buried on the .Anderson farm, six miles 

south of Xenia. 
Anderson. John H.. Sugar Creek. 1807; son of John; 

soldier of 1812; February 19, 1806, married Han- 
nah Painter. 
Anderson. James. Sugar Creek, 1807; from South 

Carolina; son of John; born November 3, 1796, 

died September 25, 1858, near Spring Valley; 

soldier of 1812. 
Anderson, Preston, Sugar Creek, 1810; son of 

James ; died in Greene county, Iowa. 
Anderson. Elijah. Sugar Creek, 1811; removed to 

Greene county. Iowa. 
Anderson, T. Robert. Sugar Creek, 1829; soldier 

of the late Civil war ; born 1823. died. 
Anderson. William, Sugar Creek. 1839; died August 

12. 1862, aged sixty-two, buried in Woodland, 

Anderson, Eli, Caesar's Creek, 1806; son of Daniel; 

w as married January, 1828 ; removed to Indiana. 
Anderson. Joseph. Caesar's Creek, 1839; son of 

James; born December 10. 1815. died September 

19. i88g. aged seventy-five ; buried in Woodland. 
Anderson. Joseph W.. Caesar's Creek, 1839; No- 
vember 28. 1833, married Mary Ann Faulkner. 
Anderson, John F.. Xenia. 1806: died May i, 1885, 

aged seventy-two. in Spring Valley, Ohio. 
Anderson. Daniel. Xenia. 1806 soldier of 1812; died 

September 24. 1861, aged seventy, in the Union 

Anderson. Barbary. Xenia, 1807. 
Anderson. George, Xenia, 1815. 
Anderson, David, Xenia, 1816. 
Anderson. Wm.. Jr.. Xenia. 1829; son of James; 

removed to Greene county. Iowa, October 6, 

1831. married Amelia Dinsmore. 
Anderson, David. Jr.. Xenia. 1819. 
Anderson. Wm. A.. Xenia, 1839; died August 12, 

1862. aged sixty-five, buried in Woodland. 
Anderson, Nelson. Xenia. 1839. 
Anderson. Alexander. Xenia. 1840; a drover; died 

September 28. 1885. aged sixty-five, buried in 

Anderson, B. D.. Xenia. 1840; died June 30, 1883, 

aged seventy-two, buried in Woodland; a resi- 
dent of Xenia forty years. 
Anderson. Dr. J. N.. Xenia. 1840; died December 

17. 1849. aged thirty-two. buried in Woodland. 
Anderson. John A.. Miami. 1810: died at Yellow 

Spring December 24. 1871. aged eighty-three. 

Anderson, Samuel, Xenia, 1838 ; died August 25, 
1869, aged fifty-two, buried in Woodland. 

Anderson, Robert, Xenia, 1833 ; from Cumberland 
county, Virginia; died June 17, 1873, aged sev- 
enty-five, buried in Woodland. 

Anderson, William, Xenia. 1804; from Kentucky; 
son-in-law of Joseph Kyle, Sr. ; a soldier of 1812; 
died September, 1853. aged seventy-eight, buried 
in Massie's Creek (Stevenson's) cemetery. 

Anderson'. James. Xenia. 1804; from Perthshire. Scot- 
land; died November 8, 1874, aged sixTy-nme, 
buried in Massie's Creek (Stevenson's) cemetery. 

Anderson. John. Xenia, 1810; from Perthshire. Scot- 
land; died January 11, 1862. aged ninety-three, 
buried in Massie's Creek (Stevenson's) ceme- 

Anderson, Thomas, Bath, 1839; died December 21, 

1865, aged sixty-nine, buried at Yellow Springs' 

Anderson, John, Miami. 1808; died in 1845, aged 

forty-five, buried in Clifton cemtery. 
Anderson. WilUam, Miami, 1808; died September 

4, 1888, aged seventy-seven, buried in Clifton 

cemetery; married Lydia Knott. 
Anderson. David, Miami, 1829; soldier of 1S12, bur- 
ied in Clifton cemetery. 
Anderson, Wm. A., Silver Creek, 1839; died August 

12, 1872, aged sixty-three, buried in Woodland; 

February 27, 1839. married Sarah Vandolah. 
Anderson, Elijah. Vance, 1817. 
Anderson, Isaac. Mad River. 1803. 
Anderson, Thomas. Mad River, 1805. 
Anderson, Nathaniel, Sugar Creek. 1806. 
Anderson. John, Sugar Creek, 1834; from Virginia; 

died .Jipril 6, 1885, aged seventy-two, buried in 

Anderson. John. Xenia. 1834: born November 6, 

1813. died May 6. 1885, buried in Woodland. 
Andrew. William. Sugar Creek. 1815 ; died May 

19. 1850. aged seventy-three, buried near Eleazer 

Andrew. James. Sugar Creek. 1825: died February 

6. 1849. aged sixty-five, buried in Woodland. 
Andrew, John T.. Sugar Creek, 1828; October, 1828, 

married Nancy McCIellan. 
Andrew, Arthur. Sugar Creek. 1839. 
Andrew. Eli. Sugar Creek. 1839. 
Andrew. Robert. Caesar's Creek. 1806; soldier of 

Andrew. Jacob. Caesar's Creek. 1806. 
Andrew. Samuel. Caesar's Creek. 1807: soldier of 

1812 ; removed to Clinton county. Ohio. 
Andrew. William. Caesar's Creek. 1840; soldier of 

late Civil War. Company D. Seventy-fourth In- 
Andrew, .\aron. Cieesar's Creek. 1840 ; June 4, 1835 ; 

married Frances Lucas. 
Andrew. Jesse. Caesar's Creek. 1833 : married to 

Catherine Driscall March 28. 1833. 
Andrew. James. Beaver Creek. 1S04 : from Nash- 



ville, Tennessee: died ^^arcll 30. 1824. aged sev- 
enty-two, buried in Massie's Creek churchyard 
(Stevenson's) ; soldier of 1812. 
Andrew, James. Beaver Creek, 1807; son of James, 
Sr. ; died February 7. 1849, aged sixty-five, bur- 
ied in Woodland. 
Andrew, William, Beaver Creek, 181 1 ; son of James, 

Andrew, John. Beaver Creek, 1812 ; son of James, Sr. 
Andrew, Ebenezer, Beaver Creek, 1821 ; son of 
James, Sr. ; died in Bcllbrook. May, 1881, aged 
eighty-two, buried at Bellbrook. 
Andrew, George, Beaver Creek, i8i6: born March 
I, 1786, died April 24. 1868. aged seventy-two, 
buried in Woodland. 
Andrew, Thomas, Beaver Creek, 1835 : son of James, 

Sr. : died June 8, 1888, buried in Woodland. 
Andrew. Hugh A.. Beaver Creek. 1816; born in 
Orange county. North Carolina, died March 15, 
1881. aged eighty-six, buried in Woodland. 
Andrew, William P., Bath, 1819; died in Bath town- 
ship in 1832. 
Andrew. Hugh. Bath. 1810; died in Bath township 

in 1811. 
Andrew-. Samuel. Bath. 1826. 

Andrew. H. M.. Xenia. 1840; merchant tailor, of 
the firm of Moore & .\ndrew ; died at the Sol- 
diers' Home. Dayton. Ohio. August 31, 1899. 
Andrew. Harrison. Ross. 1840; died September 3, 
1884. aged sixty-six, buried in Baptist grave- 
yard, near Ccdarvillc. 
Ankeney. David. Beaver Creek. 18.50: died Novem- 
ber 2. 1830. buried in Woodland, aged forty-one. 
Ankeney. Henry. Sr., Beaver Creek. 1806; soldier 
of 1812. died May 18. 1850. buried in Union cem- 
etery. Byron. 
Ankeney, Theobold. Beaver Creek. 1818; born Jan- 
uary 29. 1797. died March 6, 1846. buried in 
Beaver Creek churchyard. 
Ankeney. John. Beaver Creek. 1818: died April 15, 

1872, aged seventy, buried in Woodland. 
Ankeney. Samuel. Beaver Creek. 1839: died Decem- 
ber 20, 1867. aged sixty, buried in Beaver Creek 
Ankeney. John. Beaver Creek. 18.39: died February 

10. 1847. aged fifty-four, buried in Woodland. 
Ankeney. Henry, Jr.. Beaver Creek. 1839; died 
March 7. T870. aged sixty-seven, buried in Beaver 
Creek churchyard. Alpha. 
Ankeney, Henry. Jr., Beaver Creek, 1830: born in 
Washington. Maryland. February 17, 1813. died 
March 7, 1880, aged si.xty-seven : son of Da- 
Ankeney. John. Beaver Creek. 1840: died June 11, 
1869. aged fifty-nine, buried in Union grave- 
yard, near Byron. 
Appleton. William. Xenia. 1840. 

Armatrout. Philip. Xenia. 1820; removed to Mat- 
toon. Illinois: married Mary Greenwood. 
Armatrout. Peter. Xenia. 1820. 

Appelgate. Elias, Miami, 1839; buried in Glenn For- 
est, Yellow Springs, in 1884. 
.\rnett. Charles. Caesar's Creek, 1829: October 16, 

1828, married Susanna Graham. 
Arnett. Edward. Caesar's Creek, 1830. 
Arnett, Thomas, Caesar's Creek. 1830: minister of 
the Society of Friends at Jamestown and else- 
where ; died at the age of ninetv : married Mary 
A. Topett. 
Arnett, Alexander, Bath. 1821. 
Arnett, Seth. Mad River. 1803. 
Arnest, John. Beaver Creek, 1840: July 4. 1816, 

married Mary Mackay. 
Arnest. Jacob. Beaver Creek, 1840: removed to 

Miami county. Indiana. 
Arnest. Samuel. Beaver Creek, 1840. 
Ary, Joel, Caesar's Creek, 1840 ; died July, 1880, 
buried in Woodland ; soldier of late Civil War, 
Capt. Company H. One Hundred and Fifty- 
Ary. John Csesar's Creek. 1810: died November 10, 
1869. aged seventy-five, buried west of Bowers- 
ville, Ohio. 
Ary, William, Silver Creek. 1818: died May 5, 1857, 
aged fifty-five, buried two and one-half miles 
west of Bowersville. 
Ary, Charles, Silver Creek, 1829: one of the heirs 

of John Harmer, he and his wife. Rosanna. 
Ary. Sinclair. Silver Creek, 1840 ; February 25, 1833, 

married Ruth Ogan. 
Archer. John. Bath. 1840; born .August. 1823. New 
Jersey, buried in Bellbrook: married Lydia Bald- 
Archer. Thomas E., Bath, 1820; buried at Center- 

ville, Ohio. 
Archer, Zachariah, Bath. 1807. 

Archer. Ebenezer. Xenia. 1828 : born August 13, 
1806. died, 1886. buried in Tarbox cemetery, aged 
Armstrong, Alexander. Sugar Creek. 1803; died 
June 4. 1828, aged sixty-four, buried north of 
Armstrong. John. Sugar Creek. 1816; .May 12. 1825, 

married Elizal>eth Sampler. 
Armstrong. William. Sugar Creek. 1818: son of 
.■\lexander: died August. 1828, aged forty, bur- 
ied in Pioneer graveyard, Bellbrook. 
Armstrong. Rev. Robert, Sugar Creek. 1804; died 
in 1821. buried in Massie's Creek (Stevenson's) 
cemetery, aged fifty-five. 
Archer. Samuel. Sugar Creek. 1840: died Febru- 
ary 6. 1891. aged seventy-five. 
Armstrong. James. Miami. 1840: died near Yellow 

Armstrong. Edward. Mad River. 1803. 
.Armstrong. George, Vance. 1816. 
.Arnold. Jacob. Beaver Creek. 1804. 
-Arnold. John. Sugar Creek, 1836; November 9, 1837, 
quarried Rachel Mann. 



Arthur, Charles, Vance. 1813; soldier of 1812. 

Arthur, John, Vance. 1840. 

Arthur, William, Vance, 1840. 

Aspy, Laurance. Sugar Creek, 1840. 

Aspy, William, Sugar Creek, 1820. 

Asberry, Jefferson, Xenia. 1829. 

Asberry, Squire, Xenia, 1835. 

Ashey, Lawrance, Beaver Creek, 1812. 

Atkinson, Cephus. Caesar's Creek, 1818; died in 
Champaign county November 15, 1862, aged sev- 
enty, buried at Urbana. 

Atkinson. Thomas. Ross, 1840. 

Atkinson. Richard E.. Caesar's Creek. 1840; Sep- 
tember 16. 1841, married Susanna Baynard. 

Atkinson, Isaac, Ross, 1840; died January 9, 1888, 
aged seventy-two, buried in gravevard at Selma. 

Atkinson, William, Ross. 1840. 

Atkinson, Isaac, Ross, 184a. 

Atkinson, Levi, Ross, 1840; died in 1881, aged sixty- 
two, buried at Selma. 

Atkinson. Robert. Ross. 1840: died April 4, 1863. 
aged sixty-seven, buried cast of Grape Grove ; 
married Mary Mercer. 

Ash. Adam. Ross, 181 1; Julv 3, 1806, married Jane 

Ash, William, Ross, 1840; died September 17, 1849, 
aged thirty. 

Ash, J. M.. Ross, 1840. 

Askew, Childress. Silver Creek. 1819. 

Aucle, John F.. Beaver Creek, 1825. 

Austin, James, Sugar Creek, 1818: born September 
13, 1798, died October 28, 1886. 

Austin. Abel, Sugar Creek, 1820; born in New Jer- 
sey June 30, 1760, died in Greene county March 
30, 1840. 

Austin, Thomas. Sugar Creek. 1830: born March 
19. 1805. died May 20, 1874, in Savannah, Mis- 

Austin, Abraham, Sugar Creek, 1830. 

Austin. Joseph, Sugar Creek. 1840: born December 
15. 1806. died January 5. 1891. in Salt Lake, Utah. 

Austin. Joshua. Sugar Creek, 1840. 

Austin, Jonathan, Sugar Creek, 1840: born Decem- 
ber 15, 1799, died ,\pril 24. 1874: September 24, 
1826, married Rebecca Brelsford. 

Austin, James, Xenia, 1840, 

Austin, William, Bath. 1820: born June 22, 1816. 
died February 18. 1898. at Dayton, Ohio; removed 
to .\rcanum ; aged eighty-six. 

Abercoml)e, John, Sugar Creek, 1820, born March 2, 
1780, died December 10, 1830, buried in Pioneer 
graveyard. Bellbrook. 

Abercombe. William. Sugar Creek. 1825: born in 
1804. died in 1826. buried in Pioneer graveyard. 

Atchison, Joseph P., Miami, 1840; died October 29, 
1877 ; aged seventy-seven. 

Austin. Isaac, Sugar Creek, 1840; died May 20, 1896, 
aged eighty-six. 

Bain, James, Sugar Creek, 1804 ; first school teacher 
of Sugar Creek, soldier of 1812, died August 9, 
1832, aged seventy-five, buried in Pioneer grave- 
yard, Bellbrook; sold the land for that purpose 
to the association. 

Bain, James, Sugar Creek, 1815; son of James, died 
in Sugar Creek township. 

Bain, Ebenezer, Sugar Creek, 1815: son of James, 
Sr. ; October 9, 1828, married Matilda Laughead. 

Bain. Joseph, Sugar Creek, 1828 ; son of James, Sr. ; 
removed to Montgomery county. 

Bain, Robert L., Sugar Creek, 1840; son of James 

Bain, William. Sugar Creek. 1840; son of James. Sr. ; 
buried in Pioneer graveyard. Bellbrook; married 
Mary Kyle. 

Bain. Samuel E., Ross. 1827. 

Bain. Mary. Xenia. 1830: widow of James. Sr. 

Barnet. Arthur, Sugar Creek. 1811. soldier of 1812. 
under Capt. R. McCIellan. 

Barnet, Apendits. Sugar Creek. 1812. 

Barnet. John, Sugar Creek,, 1826; from Maryland: 
died September 21, 1883, aged eighty-one, buried 
in Woodland. 

Barnet, James, Sugar Creek, 1840. 

Barnet, Henry, Silver Creek, 1840; died March 23, 
1843, aged sixty-six, buried at Jamestown, Ohio. 

Baker, Samuel. Sugar Creek. 1819. 

Baker, Peter, Sugar Creek. 1819. 

Baker, George. Caesar's Creek. 1827; soldier of 1812. 
died in 1825. buried at Clifton, administrator of 
Thomas Baker. 

Baker. Henry. Caesar's Creek. 1829. 

Baker, Barbary. Caesar's Creek, 1840. 

Baker, Stern. Caesar's Creek, 1840 : March 5. 1835, 
married Betsey Ann Babb. 

Baker. Francis. Xenia. 1816; kept tavern in Xenia 
in 1817, died in Bath township in 1823, 

Baker. Richard. Xenia. 1817; son of Thomas, re- 
moved to Madison county, Ohio. 

Baker, George. Xenia. 1813 ; from Chester county, 
Pennsylvania; died in 1817, aged si.\ty-two,, bur- 
ied at Clifton; father of Brinton Baker, of 

Baker, Brinton, Xenia. 1829; son of Thomas; born 
in Chester county. Pennsylvania. July 5, 1807, 
died December i. igoo. aged nireety-three years. 

Baker, Stephen. Beaver Creek. 1840. 

Baker. Simon. Beaver Creek. 1818. 

Baker. Frederick. Beaver Creek. 1818. 

Baker. Jeptha. Bath. 1818; December 31, 1812, mar- 
ried Rebecca Cox. 

Baker. Stephen M.. Bath. 1817. 

Baker. Stephen H.. Bath, 1819; January 22. 1818, 
married Effie Low. 

Baker. John. Miami. 1813 ; died in Miami township 
in 1830. buried in Clifton. Ohio. 

Baker. Thomas. Miami. 1813 ; son of Thomas, died 
September 22, 1827; buried at Clifton, Ohio. 



Baker, Joshua. Miami. 1817; soldier of 1812; son of 
Thomas, buried in Clifton: died December 22, 
1838. aged fifty. 
Baker, Napoleon. Miami. 1817. 

Baker! Reuben. Miami. 1840: father of Barney; car- 
penter; died May 17, 1862. aged fifty-six, buried 
in Woodland. 
Baker, Nayl Miami. 1818; son-in-law of Jacob Mills, 
son of Thomas; born May 25. 1795, died in 1865. 
buried at Clifton. Ohio. January 6, 1825. married 
Hulda Mills. 
Baker. Phebe. Miami. 1819: daughter of Thomas, 
married Simon Kenton, nephew of Simon Kenton, 
Baker. Milton G.. 1840: from Mason county. Ken- 
tucky; died September 26. 1884. aged sixty-eight. 
Baker. Isaac. Miami. 1829; died March 7. 1882. aged 
seventy-three, buried at Yellow Springs, Ohio; 
son of George. 
Baker, Richard, Miami. 1820; son of Thomas; re- 
moved to Fayette county. 
Baker. Matthias' Silver Creek. 1829; from Bourbon 
county, Kentucky; died October 17. 1892, aged 
eighty-six. buried at Jamestown, Ohio. 
Baker. M. \V.. Silver Creek. 1830; son of William. 
Baker. William. Silver Creek, 1828; 'father of 
Matthias; born May 10. 1781. died May 26, 1838, 
aged fifty-six. 
Baker, Wm. G.. Silver Creek. 1831: from Kentucky; 

born May 28. 1814; son of William. 
Baker, Douglass. Silver Creek. 1840. 
Baker. Wm. H.. Silver Creek. 1840; son of Thomas; 
removed to Fayette county; died December 19, 
1891, aged seventv-eight. 
Baker. John W., Silver Creek. 1828; from Ken- 
tucky; son of William. Sr., and father of W. R. 
Baker, ex-auditor of Greene county. 
Baker, C. H.. Xenia. 1840. 
Bates Conrad. Miami. 1840; died aged seventy-five. 

buried at Rockafield graveyard. Fairfield. Ohio. 
Bates John. Bath. 1840: son of Conrad: died Aug- 
ust 8. 1854. aged sixty, buried at Union, near 
Byron, Ohio. 
Bates, Conrad. Jr.. Bath. 1833; son of Conrad, 

Sr. : November 12. 1816. married Sarah Cook. 
Bates. Jacob. Bath, 1813; died in Bath township in 

1834; son of Conrad Bates, Sr. 
Bates Jacob S.. Bath. 1820; son of Jacob; buried 
at Aley: March 31. 1825. married Margaret 
Bates, Lewis G.. Bath. i8.:o. 
Bates, David. Bath, 1826; died in 1890. buried at 

Fairfield, Ohio. 
Bates, Thomas. Vance, 1826. 

Bates. Joshua. Vance. 1827; August 30. 1829, mar- 
ried Hannah A. Jones. 
Bates. William. Sugar Creek. 1830: removed to 

Bates, Henry, Beaver Creek. 1819; son of John 

Bates; buried at Union; October 22, 1818, mar- 
ried Sarah Koogler. 
Bayliff. John. Beaver Creek. 1819; died in Caesar's 

Creek township in 1831. 
Bates, Timothy. Miami. 1821 ; son of Judge Bates, 
of West York ; died January 5. 1847. at St. 
Mary's; one of the original owners of Clifton, 
Bayliflfj Tliomas. Caesar's Creek, 1821 ; from \'ir- 
ginia ; died in Caesar's Creek township in 1832. 
Bayliff. Joshua, Caesar's Creek, 1830; from Vir- 
ginia; soldier of 1812; removed to Auglaize 
county; died June, 1839. 
Bayliff. Daniel. Silver Creek, 1825 ; born May 22, 

1816, at Paintersville; son of John, Sr. 
Bayliff. Abel. i82g; October 16. 1830. married Lu- 

cretia Stull. 
Bales. Jonathan. Cssar's Creek. 1806. from Pennsyl- 
vania : died November 6. 1861. aged seventy-nine, 
buried in Woodland, Xenia; son of Elisha. 
Bales. Elisha. Sr., Caesar's Creek. 1806: a native of 
Pennsylvania; died in 1828; July 25, 1816. married 
Elizabeth Shook. 
Bales. John, fcaesar's Creek. 1806; son of Elisha; 
born March 6, 1789; soldier of 1812 ; married 
Sarah Lucas in 1813; died March 11, 1864, aged 
sixty-five, buried at Tabor churchyard. 
Bales. Elisha, Jr.. Caesar's Creek. 1807; son of 
Elisha; born October 17. 1796, died May 12, 
1872, buried in Woodland. 
Bales. Jacob. Sr.. Caesar's Creek, 1810; son of 
Elisha ; died May 29. 1862, aged seventy-one, 
buried in Shook graveyard. 
Bales. Solomon, Caesar's Creek. 1819. 
Bales, Silas, Caesar's Creek, 1805 : son of John : born 
June II, 1814, died July 15, 1882. aged 68. buried 
at Tabor, near Jasper, Ohio ; married Elizabeth 
Bales. Moses. Caesar's Creek. 1827; September 6, 

1834. married Julia Ann Bales. 
Bales. James. Ross. 1840 ; November 10. 1842. mar- 
ried Malinda Shirk. 
Bales. Jacob. Jr.. Caesar's Creek. 1840; died in 

Caesar's Creek township, buried in Woodland. 
Bales. Daniel. Xenia. 1820. 

Baum. David C. Beaver Creek. 1830 ; died in Bea- 
ver Creek township in 1839. 
Baughman. Andrew. Beaver Creek. 1827; a native 
of Maryland, born in 1807. died Septem1)cr 7. 
1881. aged eighty-four, buried in Woodland; son 
of Andrew. Sr. 
Babb. James W.. Caesar's Creek. 1815; soldier of 
1812. buried in Babb graveyard. Caesar's Creek. 
Babb. "Thomas. Caesar's Creek. t8i6; son of Henry 
Mercer Babb. of Pennsylvania, died March 3, 
1858. aged ninety-two. buried in Babi) graveyard. 
Babb. Abner. Caesar's Creek. 1840: father of Wm. 
Babb, resided on Sander's farm : removed to 
Cass county. Indiana. 
Bal)b. James H.. Xenia. 1829; died at Burlington, 
Iowa. 1850. 


1 1 



Babb, Peter, Xenia. 1822 ; from Virginia, born Feb- 
ruary 13. 1796. died October 25. 1865, aged sixty- 
nine, buried in Woodland. 

Babb. Bowen. Xenia, 1827 ; removed to Crawfords- 
villc. Montgomery county, Indiana; married 
Elizabeth Horney. 

Babb, James M.. Xenia. 1840; from Frederick coun- 
ty. Virginia: born January 17. 181 1, died March 
27. 1876. aged sixty-four, buried in Woodland. 

Babb. Samuel. Ross. 1815. 

Balib. .\zel. Ross. 1820; October 8, 1826; married 
Hannah Hollingsworth. 

Babb. Robinson. Beaver Creek. 1840; brother of 
Peter Babb ; removed to Cass county. Indiana. 

Babb. J|ames S., Xenia. 1840; from Winchester, 
Virginia, son of Peter, born December 3, 1821. 

Babb, Thomas, Jr., Caesar's Creek, 1817: died June 
9. 1866, aged seventy-three, buried in Babb grave- 
yard. , 

Babb. Reece, Caesar's Creek, 1826; February 2, 
1832: married Elizabeth Allen; removed to In- 

Bartlett. George. Caesar's Creek. 1817. 

Bartlett. John. Caesar's Creek. 1826. 

Bartlett. James, Caesar's Creek, 18.30. 

Ball. James. Bath. 1813: soldier of 1812. 

Ball, Daniel. Caesar's Creek, 1815. 

Ball, Ewlass. Miami, 1827; pioneer physician, Clif- 
ton, Ohio : removed to South Charleston. 

Barker, Joseph, Xenia, 1810: soldier of 1812, .served 
also as a substitute for Henry Hypes. 

Bahl, Jacob, Bath, 1840. 

Barker. Kill. Xenia, 1840: buried Woodland, died 


Baney. Thotiias, Bath, 18 17. 

Baynard. Solomon, Caesar's Creek, 1827; June 25, 
1835, married Deborah Burrel. 

Baynard, Jobn, Caesar's Creek, 1827: died Septeip- 
ber 25, 1866, aged seventy-five, buried in Baptist 
graveyard four and one-half miles south of 

Baynard. John. Jr.. Caesar's Creek, 1840; July 12, 
i8i6: married Elizabeth Dill. 

Baynard. Gideon. Caesar's Creek, 1840; died No- 
vember 15. 1870. aged fifty-three, buried at Maple 
Corners churchyard. 

Barlcv. John. Caesar's Creek. 1840. 

Bargdoll, George, Silver Creek, 1819: died July 7, 
1837, aged sixty-six, buried in Jamestown cem- 

Bargdoll. George, Jr.. Silver Creek. 1819: died 
November 30, 1857. aged sixty-two, buried in 
Jamestow-n cemetery. 

Bargdoll, Daniel. Silver Creek. 1828; born Septem- 
ber 2;. 1788. died November 26, 1826, buried m 
Jamestown. . . 

Bargdoll Joel. Silver Creek. 1828: from Virginia, 
died September 2, 1838, aged thirty-eight, buried 
in Jamestown cemetery. 

Bargdoll. Evan, Silver Creek, 1830. 

Bargdoll. Marv, Silver Creek. 1840. 

Bargdoll. Phebe. Silver Creek. 1840. 

Bargdoll. John. Silver Creek. 1840; January lO, 
1840. married Mary Ann Boots. 

Bargdoll. Joab. Silver Creek. 1840. 

Bargdoll. Solomon. Silver Creek, 1820; removed to 
St. Joseph, Missouri. 

Baldwin. James, Silver Creek, 1828; natives of 
Hampshire, Virginia ; father of J. W. Baldwin, 
Seventy-fourth O. V. I. 

Baldwin, Henry, Xenia, 1807. 
^Baldwin, David. Xenia, 181 1: from Virginia; home 
was near Old Town, soldier of 1812. father of 
John, who was born August 23. 1823 : died De- 
cember II, 1821, aged forty-two. 

Baldwin. Reece. Xenia. i8io; from Winchester, Vir- 
ginia; died March 25, 1881, aged sixty-seven, 
buried in Woodland. 

Baldwin. Almond. Xenia. 1826. 

Baldwin, Elias, Xenia, 1826. 

Baldwin. Uriah, Yellow Springs. 1840; died Novem- 
ber II. 1878, aged sixty-nine. 

Baldwin, Lydia, Yellow Springs, 1810; wife of Reece 

Baldwin, David Price, Yellow Springs. 1840; buried 
at Woodland. 

Barton, James D.. Bath. 1804; September 15, 1831, 
married Nancy McCoy. 

Barton, Oden, Bath, 1807. 

Barton, John, Bath. 1807 ; died in Bath township in 

Barton_; Thomas. Bath. 1807: administrator of John's 

Barton, David. Bath. 1807. 

Barton, James G.. Xenia. 1829 : from X'ew York ; died 
May 29, 1876, aged fifty-one. buried in Woodland. 

Barton, Anna. Xenia. 1808. 

Barber. Stephen, Silver Creek, 1840; died June 19, 

, aged thirty-two. buried at Hussey graveyard, 

Bowersville. Ohio. 

Barber, John, Sr., Xenia, 1816; son of William, 
from Washington county, Pennsylvania ; father 
of John A., of Cedarville. died April 30. 1848, 
aged sixty, buried in Cedarville cemetery. Cedar- 

Barber, David, Ross. 1819; Mrs. David Jackson died 
at 'his home in 1876; .\pril 6. 1820. married Sarah 

Barber, William, Ross, 1819; died in Xenia town- 
ship, 1824. 

Barber. Turza. Ross. 1840: died November 6, 1863, 
aged fifty-three, buried at Cedarville. 

Bateman, Daniel. Ross. 1818: December 16, 1822, 
married Elizabeth Chalmers. 

Bateman, Owen, Miami, 1818. 

Bateman, Samuel. Ross. 1819; removed to Clark 
county, Ohio. 

Bateman. John. Ross. 1827 : removed to Clark 

Bateman, Beriah. Ross. 1828; removed to Clark 

Bateman, Daniel, Jr.. Ross. 1826; married • 

Serlott. removed to South Charleston, Ohio. 

Bateman. Jeremiah, Bath. 1821 ; soldier of 1812. 

Barlow, John, Bath, 1816. 

Barlow, Edmond W.. Bath, 1815. 

Barlow, Elisha, Bath, 1835. 

Barlow, Martin L., Xenia. 1830; from New Y'ork ; 
died February 13. 1867. aged fifty-seven, buried 
in Woodland. 

Barlow-. Moses, Xenia. 1840; from New York, died 
March 18. 1888. aged seventy, buried in Wood- 
land; Ex-Com. "P." Judge. 



Barlow. Thomas, Xenia, 1840. 

Barlow. William M.. Xenia, 1840. 

Barlow. John. Jr.. Ross. i8ig. 

Barlow. Samuel. Xenia. 1840: died July 30, 1849. 

aged thirty-five, buried in Woodland. 
Bayless. John. Miami. 1813. 
Bayless. Nathaniel. Xenia. 1826: died Mav 9. 1892, 

aged eighty-nine, buried in Woodland. July. 1824. 

married Clarasa Rice. 
Bark-man. Peter. Bath. 1830 : son of David : born in 

this county October 6. 1822. died in 1831. 
Bagford. James. Xenia. 1830; died November 4. 

1868. aged eiglity-two. buried in Woodland. 
Ballnian. Samuel. Xenia. 1830. 
Barrett. James. Sr.. Sugar Creek. 1803: soldier of 

1812; one of the first .Associate Judges of Greene 

county : died in 1822. buried on his farm. 
Barrett. James. Sr.. Sugar Creek. 1803 ; removed to 

Allen county; his wife. Nancy, buried on the 

old farm. 
Barrett. Philip. Sugar Creek. 1804; soldier of 1812. 

died in 1826. 
Barrett. John. Sugar Creek. 1828; son of Philip and 

Elizabeth Barrett. 
Barrett. Elizabeth. Sugar Creek. 1829: Widow of 

Philip Barrett. 
Barrett, .\bner. ;Mad River, 1803. 
Barrett. George. Sugar Creek. 1840: from \'ermont ; 

born in 1796. died August. 1875. aged seventy- 
eight, buried in Spring Valley. 
Barnes. James. Sugar Creek. 1803 ; soldier of 1812. 
Barnes, .\lexander. Sugar Creek. 1803 
Barnes. Thomas. Sugar Creek. 1805; died in Miami 

township in 1817. 
Barnes. David. Sugar Creek. 1806. 
Barnes. John. Sugar Creek. 1810; June 21. 1840. 

married Margaret McGuffy. 
Barnes. Henry. Sr.. Sugar Creek. 1807: native of 

Virginia; came from West Chester to Kentucky 

in 1799: came to Ohio in 1807; died .\ugust 2. 

1856 ; aged seventy-five ; buried in Woodland : 

soldier of 1812. 
Barnes. Henry. Jr.. Xenia. 1830; born in Xenia 

November 30. 1814; died December 6. 1872; aged 

seventy-three ; buried in Woodland. 
Barnes. John. Jr.. Xenia. i8.p; removed from Xenia 

in 1845 : brother of Henry. Jr. 
Barnes, James. Miami. 181 1. 
Barnes. John, Miami, 1820; soldier of 1812. 
Barnes. John, Miami, 1820. 
Barnes. .Andrew. Xenia. 1835 ; brother of Henrv. 

Barnes. George W.. Xenia. 1830; died September 11. 

1841 ; buried in M. E. graveyard. Xenia; January 

II. 1837. married Susan McClellan. 
Bannon. Thomas. Sugar Creek. 1820. 
Bazel. Jacob. Xenia City 1835 ; buried in the old 

M. E. churchyard. East Third street. Xenia. 
Barr. John. Beaver Creek. 1840 ; died October 5, 

1886, aged eighty-eight ; buried in Hawker's 

Barr, James S.. Beaver Creek. 1840. 
Barr, John, Bath, 1840 ; died in Bath township No- 
vember 13. 1843; buried in Folk graveyard. 
Barr, John D., Bath, 1840; died in Greenfield, Indi- 
ana, March, 1881 ; buried in Woodland. 

Barr. Samuel. Ross. 1818; kept tavern at his house 
in Ross township in 1818. 

Barr. John W.. Ross. 1840: died in Cedarville, Sep- 
tember 16, 1882; buried at Cedarville, Ohio. 

Barr. Samuel. Jr.. Ross. 1840. 

Ban;. James. Ross. 1840; died October 7. 1879, aged 
sixty-four; buried at Cedarville, Ohio. 

Barr. David, Xenia. 1840; died April 2},. 1865; aged 
sixty-two; buried at Woodland; April 19. i8v> 
married Nancy Duncan. 

Bashart. Michael. Beaver Creek. 1840. 

Bancroft. John. Beaver Creek. i8jo. 

Batdorft. Peter. Bath. 1834: born 'in Berks county, 
Pennsylvania; died April 10, 1880; aged seventy- 
five; il)uried in Mitman gravevard, Fairfield, 

Batdorft. John. Bath. 1840. 

Babcock. thomas. Bath. i'8og ; soldier of 1812. 

Babcock. Samuel. Bath. 1810. 

Babcock. William. Bath, 1810. 

Bartles. William, Bath, 1813; buried in Batli church- 
yard, west of Mad river in Bath township. 

Bartles. Frederick. Bath. 1827; February 26. 1829, 
married Margaret Wolf. 

Bacon. Allen. Bath. 1818; died in Bath township in 
1856: l)uried at Fairfield. Ohio. 

Bacon. Ezra. Bath. 1818. 

Baggs. James. Bath. 1840; died February 7. 1858; 
aged eighty-eight ; buried in Rockafield grave- 

Baggs. John, Bath, 1840. 

Sahaw. John, Bath, 18..10. 

Batchelor. Robert. Xenia, 1840: born December 25, 
1815: died Deceiuber 10, 1861 ; buried in Cedar- 
ville cemetery. 

Batchelor. George. Bath. 1813; a soldier of the 
Revolution; died in Miami township May 15, 
1827; buried at Cedarville. 

Ballard, William, Caesar's Creek, 1813; soldier of 
1812 ; Capt. John Watson. 

Ballard. Rev. Lyman. Ross. 1823; from Penn.syl- 
vania ; died June. 1873. near Jamestown; aged 

Balard. Joseph. Ross. 1827 ; died in Ross township 
in 1865; March 27. 1831. married Poily Shigley. 

Ballard. Josiah. Ross. 1826; died October 10, 1875; 
aged ninety; buried east of Grape Grove. 

Ballard. Joseph. Jr.. Ross. 1840; died at Morrow, 
Ohio. January i. 1873; was captain of Company 
H. 74th ; buried at Jamestown. Ohio. 

Ballard. William. Jr.. Ross. 1840: died October 18, 
1894. aged eighty-three, at Jasper ; born in Adams 
county. Ohio. 

Ballard. John. Ross. 1840; died February 10. 1892, 
aged seventy-seven ; buried at Massie's Creek 
( Tarbox ) 

Ballard. Nathan. Ross 1840; January 2. 1834. mar- 
ried Elizabeth Shigley. 

Bard. Samuel. M'ami. 1813. 

Baird. James. Miami, 181?; died in Miami township 
in !8i.;. 

Barney, John, Miami, 1813. 

Barney. William. Miami. 1813. 

Brady. John. Miami. 1826. 
Bartle.son, Peter, Miami, 1828. 
Barkwell. James, Miami, 1829. 



Banks. Dr. Wni, Y.. Miami, 1840: from South Car- 
olina; died November 17. 1854, aged forty-five; 
1)iiricd in Woodland. 
Baynian. Charles. Ros-s. 1812. 
Haienrove. Charles. Ross. 1818. 
Kadgley. Moses. Ross. 1819; died in Ross township 

in 1822. 
Badglcy. Ephraim. Ross. 1830; .April ly, i8ji. mar- 
ried Sally Clemons. 
Badglcy, Hugh. Ross. 1830; .April 3. 1826. married 

Elizabeth Martin. 
Badglcy, George, Silver Creek, 1835; died at the 

infirmary .April 26. 18.SI ; aged thirty-eight. 
Bailey, Daniel, Silver Creek, 18.10; May 2. i8,?Q, 

married Emeline .Adset. 
Bailey. J. W.. Ross. 1840; January 11. 1838. mar- 
ried Mehitable Pratt. 
Banaham. Humphrey. Ross. 1828. 
Barkin. James. Silver Creek. 1826. 
Ba.xla. Julius. Silver Creek. 1826. 
Barkcll. John. Silver Creek. 1828. 
Barkcll, John. Jr.. Silver Creek. 1828. 
Kaskin. John. Silver Creek. 1830. 
Baber. Zenos. Bath. 1830; died August 16. 1843; 
buried in old graveyard, cast of Fairfield, Ohio. 
Back. Samuel. Sugar Creek. i8od ; soldier of 1812; 

June 9, 1806, married Betsey True. 
Beck, John, Sugar Creek, 1805; removed to Cen- 

terville, Montgomery county, Ohio. 
Beck, Joseph, Sugar Creek, 1812; died in Sugar 

Creek township in 1857. 
Beck. Henry. Sugar Creek. 1810; soldier of 1812. 
Beck, William. Sugar Creek. 1840; married Sarah, 
sister of William Snodgrass. of Sugar Creek 
Beck. James. Bath, 1807. 

Season. Thomas. Caesar's Creek. 1803; soldier of 
1812: died December 26. 1856, aged si.\ty-six ; 
buried at Baptist graveyard. 
Beason. .Ainaziah. Sugar Creek. 1806; buried in 
Hicksite graveyard, near Selma. Clark county, in 
Beason. Isaac. Sugar Creek. 1806 ; December 26, 

1806, married Jane Sanders. 
Beason. Richard. Sugar Creek. 1S08; soldier of 

1812; Captain Robert McGellan. 
Beason. William. Xenia. 1811 ; emigrated from South 
Carolina to Tennessee, thence to Kentucky, thence 
to Ohio; soldier of 1812; died January 18. 1853. 
aged' si-xty-six ; buried in Baptist graveyard, near 
Jasper. Ohio. 
Beasom, Mercer. Sugar Creek. 1803 ; came front 
Uniontowm, Pennsylvania; grandfather of David 
Beasom. Messer. Caesar's Creek. 1813 ; died in 

Caesar's Creek tovvu'ship in 1823. 
Beason. Margaret. Caesar's Creek. 1813. 
Beason, Joseph. Caesar's Creek. 1817; died Novem- 
ber 30. 1839. aged fifty-eight ; buried in Zoar 
chuiLhyard; son-in-law of Balentine Bone. 
Beason. Mercer. Jr.. Caesar's Creek. 1819. 
Beason. Henry. Silver Creek. 1820; son of Mercer. 
Beason. John' Silver Creek. 1820; son of fiercer; 
Septentber 18. 1828. married Elizabeth Lee. 

Beason. Amassa, Silver Creek, 1840; December 27, 
1821, married Margaret Price. 

Beason. Nathan. Silver Creek. 1840. 

Beason. Susanna. Silver Creek. 1R40. 

Beason. Jacob, Silver Creek. 1840 ; December 27, 
1839 married Eliza Blalock. 

Beason. James. Miami, 1840. 

Beason. William. Jr.. Silver Creek, 1S40; July 13, 
1826. married Catherine Kyle. 

Beason. Lewis. Silver Creek. 1840; December 11, 
1840, married Betsey Hadley. 

Beason. Silas, Silver Creek. 1840: died May 25. 
1859. aged forty-three; buried at Tabor church- 
yard, near Jasper. Ohio. 

Beason. Fudge. Xenia. 1840 ; from Virginia ; died 
September 28, 1898. aged ninety-six, 

Benson, James, Sugar Creek, 1806. 

Benson. William. Sugar Creek. 1808; soldier of i8t2. 

Benson. Thomas. Sugar Creek. 1809. 

Benson. Henry. Sugar Creek. 1813. 

Benson. Jonathan. Sugar Creek. 181 5. 

Benson. James. Sugar Creek. 1820. 

Benson. Samuel. Sugar Creek. 1820. 

Benson. Clark. Sugar Creek, 1830; November 11, 
1824, married Elizabeth Ann Wilson. 

Benson. John. Sugar Creek, 18.30. 

Benson. Elijah. Sugar Creek. 1840; September 22. 
1835, married Ann Sanders. 

Benson. John. Miami. 1812. 

Beamer. Frederick, Xenia. 181J • removed to Mun- 
cie, Indiana, from Cedarville, Ohio; December 
17, 1823, married Elizabeth Hanes. 

Beamer. James. Sugar Creek. 1840; died July. 1880. 
at Cedarville ; buried in Baptist graveyard, Cedar- 

Benham, John, Sugar Creek, 1809; soldier of 18:2; 
buried in Centerville, Montgomery county, Ohio ; 
came from New Jersey. 

Benham, Peter, Sugar Creek, 1S14; horn near Cin- 
cinnati, 1797; brother of John; buried at Mt. 
Zion ; aged eighty-seven. 
Berryhill. William T.. Sugar Creek, 1814; died 
.April 27. 1874, aeed eighty-four; buried at Bell- 
brook, Ohio; second son of Alexander. 
Berryhill. Alexander. Sugar Creek. 1815; a resident 
of Virginia; born in 1748; died, 1823; aged fifty- 
nine : buried in Pioneer graveyard, Bellbrook, 
Ohio; soldier of Revolution. 
Berryhill. James. Sugar Creek. 1818; eldest son of 
Alexander, and son-in-law of William Turner, 
who married Esther, his daughter. 
Beryhill, John. Sugar Creek. 1818; third son of 
.Alexander; soldier of 1812; married Rachel 
Berryhill, Alexander, Jr., Sugar Creek, 1820; fourth 
son of Alexander ; removed to Miami county, 
Berryhill. Samuel. Sugar Creek. 1820; fifth son of 
Alexander; died in 1840; buried in Bellbrook. 
Berryhill, .Archibald, Sugar Creek, 1826; si.xth son 
of Alexander; died July 7, 1877; aged seventy- 
five; buried at Bellbrook. Ohio. 
Berryhill, Matthew. Sugar Creek. 1828; seventh 



son of Alexander: born in Angusta county. Vir- 
ginia, January 7. 1807: (lied September 25. 1898; 
aged ninety-two: buried at Bellbrook. 
Berryhill. Franklin. Sugar Creek, 1832; eighth son 

of Alexander: liorn March i, 1811. 
Berryhill. .A. M.. Sugar Creek. 1840. 
Berryhill. Wni. B.. Sugar Creek, 1840; .son of Sam- 
Beard, John. Xenia. 1809. 

Beard. William. Miami. i8ig; son of Thomas. Sr. 
Beard. Joseph, Miami, 1819: son of Thomas, Sr. ; 

February 9. 1822. married Advanna Nevius. 
Beard. Benjamin. Miami. 1819: son of Thomas. Sr. ; 

December 16. 1824. married Mary Ann Knott. 
Beard. Thomas, Sr.. Sugar Creek. 1820 ; removed 

to Indiana: son-in-law of James Currie, Sr. 
Bell. Stephen. Sugar Creek. 1812; soldier of 1812; 
one of the founders of Bellbrook. Ohio: died 
November 14. 1852; buried at Springfield. Ohio: 
Hannah, his wife, died May 2.?. 18.3Q. aged 
sixty-three : buried in Pioneer graveyard. 
Bell. John S.. Sugar Creek. 1818: son of Stephen: 
carding mill at Bellbrook. Ohio ; firm name. Bell 
& Saver. 
Bell. William. Dr.. Sugar Creek. 1820; son of 
Stephen: married a daug'hter of Wm. Tanner; 
buried in Woodland. 
Bell, Charles, Sugar Creek. 1824: son of Stephen. 
Bell. Aaron. Sugar Creek, 1826: son of Stephen. 
Bell, Samuel. Miami, 1840: died in Miami township 

in 1862. 
Bell, Benjamin, Sugar Creek, 1828 ; son of Stephen ; 

removed to Indiana. 
Bell, Franklin J.. Sugar Creek, T830: son of Stephen; 

February 27. 1840, married Lydia Peneweight. 
Bell. Joshua. Xenia. 1807: frotn Harford county, 
Maryland: kept the first public house at Caesars- 
ville : soldier of 1812 : removed to Henry county, 
Iowa : died July I. i8.^6. 
Bell. John. Xenia. 1807: died in 1809. near White 

Chapel : buried on his farm. 
Bell. Nathaniel J. D.. Xenia. 1807: died June 6. 
1830. aged eighty-one: buried on the old home- 
place, southeast of Xenia. 
Bell. David. Xenia 1807: pioneer school teacher of 

New Jasper : removed to Jay county. Indiana. 
Bell. Bobert. Bath, 1807 : born in Nelson county, 
Kentucky. May i. 1793; died August 2, 1849; 
buried in Yellow Springs. Ohio. 
Bell. George. Xenia. 1807: from Baltimore county. 
Maryland: soldier of 1812: born in 1779. died 
April 18. 1840: aged sixty-one: buried on the 
old homcplace. 
Bell. Elisha Bales. Xenia, 1810: born in Caesars- 
ville, March 26, 1808: removed to Tippecanoe 
county, Indiana: died in 1864 at Lewis, Cass 
county, Iowa. 
Bell. Daniel. Xenia. t8ii : soldier of 1812. 
Bell. Nathaniel. Xenia. 1812: soldier of 1812: died 
January .s, 1847. aged sixty-six, buried in Bell 
gravevard. south of Xenia. 
Bell. Joseph. Xenia. 1819: died .Jiugust 25. 1824. aged 
fiftv-six: buried at Massie's Creek (Stevenson's.) 
Bell. William. Silver Creek. 1820: from Kentucky; 
died .Mav II. i860, in Miami township. 

Bell. Marion. Xenia. 1840: buried in Woodland; died 

in Kansas ; body sent home. 
Bell. Freeborn. Xenia. 1840: grandson of Nathaniel; 
died in Indiana in 1875. aged fifty-eight; buried in 
Bell. Franklin George. Xenia. 1840: borrl March 
3. 1824: died in Xenia. February 23, 1899; aged 
seventy-five : buried in Woodland. 
Beer. David. Miami, 1813. 
Beer, Hudson. Miami, i8ig. 
Bctchell. Daniel, Miami. 1818: died in Sugar Creek 

in 1834: buried at Bellbrook, Ohio. 
Betchell. Jacob. Sugar Creek. 1820: died November 
27. 1855. aged seventv buried in Bellbrook cem- 
etery; married Elizabeth Klontz. 
Betchell, Samuel. Sugar Creek, 1840. 
Betchel. James. Sugar Creek, 1840. 
Betchell. William. Sugar Creek. 1840: died in 185 1 ; 
buried at Bellbrook, Ohio; July 4, 1839, mar- 
ried Catharine Byrd. 
Beall. John B., Caesar's Creek, 1813 : buried in 
Woodland; September 7, 1822, married Sarah 
Beall, George, Caesar's. Creek, i8n : soldier of 1812; 
born October 12. 1791 : died May I. 1874; buried 
at New Hope church. Paintersville. Ohio; son 
of Israel. 
Beall. James, Xenia, 1810. 

Beall. \\'illiam T.. Xenia, 1820: from .-Mlegheny 
countv, Maryland; son of John: born in 1798; 
died in 1886. 
Beall, George B., Xenia, 1821; died December, 1825; 

buried in Woodland ; son of John B. 
Beall. Lewis H.. Xenia, 1813: son of John B, ; from 
Maryland: died March 12, 1863: aged sixty; 
buried in Woodland. 
Beall. John S.. Xenia, 1828. 
Beall. Frederick, Xenia, 1830. 
Beall. William P.. Xenia. 1830; died January 19, 

1886. aged eighty-eight : buried in \\"oodland. 
Beall. John J.. Xenia. 1830: from Virginia; died 
April 9, 1862; buried in Woodland; son of 
John B. 
Beall. George T., Xenia, 1840. 

Beall, Alexander B.. Xenia, 1840: son of John B. ; 
died December 14. 1871, aged sixty-two; buried 
in Woodland: saddler by trade. 
Beall, Charles P., Xenia, 1840: died in Cincinnati 
December 17. 1841, aged twenty-seven; son of 
Beall. Eli R.. Xenia. 1840: son of John B. ; died 

April 18. 1843. aged twenty-five. 
Beall. George W.. Xenia. 1835: died April 27, 1829, 

in Bath township, buried in Folck graveyard. 
Beall. Isaac. Sr.. Beaver Creek. 1806: father of Isaac, 
Jacob. Lena, .\aron. Jonathan. George and Polly 
Beall : his wife. Mary, died in 1819. 
Beall. Rev. Isaac J.. Beaver Creek, 1840: son of 
Isaac : died .-Xugust 27. i860, aged thirty-seven ; 
buried in Fairfield cemetery. 
Beall, Aaron, Beaver Creek, 1806 : son of Isaac, Sr. ; 
settled in Greene county in iSoi ; he it was who 
whipped the dhampion of Green county, Ben 
Kiser. in 1806; died July, i860, aged seventy- 
seven ; buried near Byron. 



Bcall. Jacob. Beaver Creek. 1806 ; son of Isaac, Sr. ; 
died in 1815. in Bath township; November. 1821, 
married Margaret ilclntosh. 

Bcall. Samuel. Beaver Creek. 1840; January 28. 1841, 
married Delilah Licklider. 

Bcall. Benjamin. Beaver Creek. 1840; died in 
Beaver Creek township December 26. 1855, aged 
thirty-eight: buried in Union graveyard. 

Bcall. William. Beaver Creek. 1840. 

Bcall. Jonathan. Beaver Creek. i8n ; soldier of 1812; 
son of Isaac and Mary. 

Beatty. William A.. Xenia. 1801: from Georgetown, 
Kentucky; soldier of 1812; kept the first hotel 
in Xenia in 1804; died in Jackson county, Indi- 
ana. November. 1821. 

Beatty. Henry G.. Xenia, 1828; born March 23, 1802, 
died November t,. 1845 ; Imried in Woodland. 

Beatty. Isaac. Xenia. 1840; saddler; learned his 
trade with B. Baker; August 28, 1838. married 
Eliza .Ann Crowl. 

Beatty. William E.. Caesar's Creek. 1813 ; soldier of 
1812; married Nancy Birt. 

Beatty. Ann. Caesar's Creek, 1813. 

Beaver. Christian. Caesar's Creek. 1806. 

Beach. Benjamin. Xenia. 1840; fell from a bridge 
near New Jasper April. 1880, and was killed. 

Beam. Daniel. Caesar's Creek. 1^30; died Novem- 
ber 2. 1846. aged forty-two ; buried in Zoar 

Beam, John. Bath. 1820. 

Beam. Sanniel. Silver Creek, 1S40. 

Best, Isaac, Silver Creek. 1820. 

Best, Solomon. Silver Creek. 182". 

Best. Ezekiel. Silver Creek. 1827: February 13. 1817. 
married Elizabeth Hite. 

Best. George. Silver Creek. 1827. ' 

Best. Hezekiah, Silver Creek, 1828. 

Best. Elias. Ross. 1840: October 3, 1826, married 
Elizabeth Campbell. 

Bedinger. Jacob. Caesar's Creek. 1830. 

Beaven. Abel. Caesar's Creek, 1840. 

Beaven. John. Caesar's Creek. 1840: died March 26, 
1850. aged fifty-eight; buried at New Hope, 
Paintersville. Ohio. 

Beaven. Lydia. Caesar's Creek, 1840. 

Bender. John , Beaver Creek, 18.30 ; from Berks 
county. Pennsylvania; born September 13. 1794; 
died October 20. 1849; buried in Aley church- 

Berry. Bartholomew-. Beaver Creek, 1807 ; a soldier 
of the Revolution. 

Berry. David. Bath. 1820. 

Berry, Luster, Bath. 1827. 

Eerry. William. Miami. 1809; soldier of 1812; Capt. 
James Galloway. 

Berry. John. Miami. 1809; brother of Thomas; died 
in Miami township in 1814. 

Berry. Moses. Ross. 1840. 

Berry, Thomas L,. Xenia. 1811 ; soldier of 1812 ; 
died in Miami township in i860. 

Berry. James H.. Bath. 1840; died in Bath town- 
ship in 1864. 

Beeks. William, Xenia. 181 1; soldier of 1812. 

Beeks, Ohristopher. Xenia. 181 1, 

Bear, Michael. Miami. 1840. 

Beachem, Rev. Thomas, Xenia. 1828 ; a local 

preacher of the M. E. Church, also a plasterer; 
buried in Woodland. 

Beachem. William. Xenia, 1828; a shoemaker; died 
April 9, 1861, aged sixty; buried in Woodland; 
brother of Thomas. 

Benton, J., Xenia, 1840. 

Benton. Edward, 1836; March i, 1838, married Eliz- 
abeth McDill. 

Bennett. D., Xenia. 1840. 

Bennett. Ezra. Xenia. 1840. 

Bennett, Edward. Xenia. 1840. 

Bennett. Reese. Xenia. 1807 ; died in 1855. 

Bennett, Richard, Bath, 1807. 

Bennett, Francis, Bath. 1810; soldier of 1812. 

Bennett. Solomon E.. Bath. 1832; from Maryland; 
died June 2. 1868; buried at Fairfield; married 
Mary .'^nn Ackelson. 

Benifield. James. Beaver Creek, 1803. 

Berryman. William. Beaver Creek, 1807. 

Beavardly, Trustan, Beaver Creek, 1827; April 23, 
1826, married Elizabeth Low. 

Beverly. John. Bath. 1840. 

Betts, Enoch. Bath. 1807. 

Beeth. James. Bath. 1813; buried in Mitman grave- 
vard. Fairfield. 

Bee'th. Thomas. Bath. 1816. 

Beeth. William. Bath. 1826; December 27, 1827, mar- 
ried Winfred McDonald. 

Beetdi. James. Jr.. Bath. 1840; born October, 1817, 
died March 2, 1873 ; buried in Mitman grave- 
yard, Fairfield. Ohio. 

Bairingler. Jackson Bath. 1840; February 8, 1838, 
married Harriet Dryden. 

Bergen. John. Ross. 1812; a friend of Thomas 
Townsley. Sr. ; willed him his farm. 

Bentley. John. Silver Creek. 1826; October 19, 1826, 
married Alice Studivan. 

Bentley. Joseph B,. Silver Creek. 1828; died in Silver 
Creek townshio ; kept store in Jamestown. 

Bentley. Joseph. Silver Creek. 1829. 

Bendurc. Henry. Silver Creek. 1829. 

Bendure. Stephen, Silver Creek. 1840. 

Bernard. Francis. Xenia. 1840 ; died September 23, 
1853 ; buried in Woodland. 

Bedinger, Henry, Silver Creek, 1840. 

Bedinger, Adam. Silver Creek. 1840. 

Beveridge. Rev. Thos.. Xenia. 1820; from Pennsyl- 
vania; professor in Xenia V. P. Theological Sem- 
inary ; died May 30. 1878 ; buried in Woodland. 

Birt, Zimri. Ross, 1820. 

Birt, Jeremiah. Caesar's Creek, 1824. 

Birt. Andrew D.. Caesar's Creek, 1828; March 15, 
1825, married Elizabeth Shook. 

Birt. William. Sr.. Caesar's Creek. 1806; removed 
to Rush county. Indiana. 

Birt. William. Jr.. Caesar's Creek; son of William, 
Sr. ; removed to Indiana. 

Birt, David. Caesar's Creek. 1828; son of William. 

Birt, Seaborn, Caesar's Creek, 1806. 

Birt. Henry. Sugar Creek. 1811 ; son of William, 
Sr. ; soldier of 1S12; removed to Rush county, 

Birt. Leavan. Sugar Creek. 1827; removed to Ko- 
komo. Indiana. 

Birt, John, Sugar Creek. 1826 ; removed to Perry 
county, Illinois; died in 1865. 



Birt. Thomas, Xenia. 1826: son of William. Sr. ; re- 
moved to Perry county. Illinois, at Perry Sta- 

Birt. Peter. Ross, 1S13 ; December 24. 1841, married 
Mary Frazier. 

Birt, Aaron. Silver Creek. i8.?o. 

Bingamin. Thomas. Sugar Creek. 1806; soldier of 
i8r2: buried at Waynesville, Ohio. 

Bingamin. John. Sugar Creek. 1809; died in 1814; 
Iniried in Waynesville cemetery. 

Bingamin. Lewis. Sugar Creek. 181 1; soldier of 1812; 
buried at Bellbrook. Ohio. 

Bingamin. .Allen. Sugar Creek. 1821 ; removed to 
Blue River. Indiana; December 9, 1819, married 
Bethany Birt. 

"Bingamin. Jacob, Sugar Creek, 1840: buried at Bell- 
lirook. Ohio. 

Bingamin. Henry, Caesar's Creek, 1840: died May 
12. 1882, aged sixty-four; buried in Baptist ceme- 
tery. Jamestown, Ohio. 

Bigger. John, Sugar Creek, 1808; died December 
,?o, 18,31; buried in Pioneer graveyard, Bellbrook; 
Mary, his wife, lx)rn in 176.3, died in 1844. 

Bigger. Samuel. Sugar Creek. 1826; removed to 
Guernsey county. Ohio, thence to Washington, 
Iowa : married Margaret McConnell. 

Bigger. Thomas. Sugar Creek. 1826; from Kentucky; 
died September 10. 1881. aged eighty-seven; 
March 16. 1816. married Hannah Snowden. 

Biddle, Lewis, Sugar Creek, 1808. 

Biddle. John, Sugar Creek, 1808. 

Biddle, Henry, Sugar Creek, i8og. 

Biddle. Samuel. Sugar Creek. 1821. 

Bias. Isaac. Sugar Creek. 181 1; soldier of 1812. 

Bingham. William. Caesar's Creek, 1807. 

Bingham. John. Miami. 1815. 

Bilderback, Gabriel, Xenia, 1806: soldier of 1812. 

Bilderback, Ephraim. Ross, 1816; died in Ross town- 
ship in 1823. 

Binkley. William. Xenia. 1840; moved to Hagers- 
town, Indiana; died June, 1882; aged seventy- 

Binkley, Philip, Xenia, 1811 ; soldier of 1812; died 
December 17. 1867, aged eighty-five; buried at 

Binkley. Samuel. Xenia, 1829; chairmaker in Xenia. 

Binkley. William H., Xenia, 1840; removed to Hag- 
erstown, Indiana; died at the age of seventy-five. 

Binkley, .-Mexander, Xenia, 1840; drowned near Co- 
loma, California, in 1852. 

Binkley. Washington. Xenia, 1840: drowned near 
Coloma, California, in 1852. 

Bickett. John. Xenia. 1818; brother of W. R. ; died 
March 8. 1859, aged sixty-two; buried in Dean 

Bickett. Wni. R.. Xenia. 1818; from Pennsylvania; 
l)orn in 1796; died April 23. 1865; aged sixty- 
seven : buried in Woodland. 

Bickett. Daniel. Xenia. 1819; son of John Bickett, 
and grandson of Daniel Dean. 

Bickett. John. Jr., Xenia. 1820; son of Daniel. 

Biggsby. Cephus. Zenia, 1829. 

Birmingham. Thomas. Xenia, 1803. 

Billctt. Robert. Sugar Creek. 1840: from England; 
died December 23. 1881 ; aged eighty-four. 

Bishop, Elias, Xenia, 1828; died in Xenia township 
in 1822. 

Bishop, Joseph. Xenia, 1828. 

Bishop. Reason. Xenia, 1830; died 1867; aged sev- 
enty-one; buried in Cedarville cemetery. 

Bishop, Josephus, Xenia, 18,30. 

Bishop. Solomon B.. Ross, 1819; soldier of 1812; 
died in 1839; married Elizabeth Forbes. 

Bishop. Greenbury. Ross, 1819 ; January 4, 1838. 
married Spahr. 

Bishop. George. Ross. 1840; born October 7. 1809; 
died May 10. 1883 ; buried in Cedarville cemetery. 

Bishop, Nimrod, Ross, i8<io; died in 1868. 

Biniger, James, Ross, 1840; born November 25. 
1802; March 11, 18.30, married Betsey Farmer. 

Bigalow. Samuel. Sugar Creek, 1827; July 4. 1831. 
married Mahala Brown. 

Black. Tilgman. Xenia, 1830; died December, 1836. 

Black. John. Sugar Creek. 1806; from Virginia; fa- 
ther of Winston Black ; removed to Piqua. Ohio. 

Black. Peter. Sugar Creek. i8og; soldier of 1812. 

Black. Moses. Sugar Creek. iSio. 

Black. David. Suarar Creek, 1810; soldier of 1812; 
.\prii 18, 1816. married Christiana Sanders. 

Black. Christiana. Sugar Creek. 1820: widow of 
David Black. 

Black. William. Caesar's Creek, 1812 : soldier of 
1812; died in 1815. 

Black, S. J., Xenia, 1840. 

Black. William H.. Xenia. 1833; bill painter; died 
December 12, 1859: buried in Woodland. 

Black. Robert. Xenia, 1816; married Mary Koogler 
June 6, 1826; died January. 1869. aged si.xty-five ; 
buried in Hawker's churchyard. 

Black. Robert M.. Xenia, 1816: son of William. Sr. ; 
January 29, 1822, married Rebecca Pierce. 

Black. Henry. Xenia, 1820; August 29, 1829, mar- 
ried Mary Rice. 

Black. Thomas. Xenia, 1840; son of James; died 
January 18, 1843, aged twenty-two ; father of 
Gramson, who died in 1859. 

Black, James, Xenia, 1821 ; February 6, 1840, mar- 
ried Jane Greive. 

Black. John, Bath, 1807. 

Black. James M., Bath, 181Q. 

Black. James R., Bath. 1820. 

Black. Joseph. Bath. 1826. 

Black. Matthew. Bath. 1822; father-in-law of George 
Koogler ; October 14, 1823, married Barbary 

Black, Charles, Ross, 1840. 

Black, Winston. Xenia, 1840: from Pennsylvania; 
worked for years with Brinton Baker ; died Oc- 
tober 30, 1892, aged seventy-six; buried in Wood- 

Blair. Joseph. Sugar Creek. i8i.s: November 11. 1825. 
m^.rried Catharine O. Nedyke. 

Blair. Thomas. Xenia. 1820: a resident of Clark's 
Run ; died in the snring of 1824 ; March 23, 1820, 
married Betsey Chalmers. 

Blair. Elizabeth. Xenia. 1830; wife of Thomas: died 
February 16. 1861. aged eighty-five; buried in 
Massie's Creek (Stevenson's.) 

Blair, Lot, Ross, 1840; died in 1842; had one son, 
Josephus; his wife's name was Mary Ann. 



Blessing. John. Sugar Creek. 1812; from Virginia; 
soldier of 1812; died July 30, 1828. aged fifty- 
eight ; buried in Baptist graveyard, Bellbrook, 
Blessing. Reuben, Sugar Creek, 1826 ; removed to 
Indiana: December i, 1825, married Elizabeth 
Blessing. Marcus. Sugar Creek. 1828; died October 
9. 1863. aged fifty-five; buried in Woodland; Sep- 
tember 15. i82g. married Maria Crumley. 
Blessing, .\braham. Sugar Creek, 1830 ; removed 
to Fayette county in 1847; June 17, 1824, married 
Phebe Mock. 
Blessing. Nancy. Beaver Creek. 1830 ; died April 
6. 1879. aged eighty-nine; buried in Mt. Zion 
Blessing. Elizabeth, Beaver Creek, 18.30; daughter of 
Lewis; died December, 1900; buried in Wood- 
Blessing, Josiah. Sugar Creek, 1840; October 15, 

1840, married Lucy Lannne. 
Blessing. .A.mos. Sugar Creek. 1840 ; from Virginia ; 
died July 12, 1872, aged fifty-five; buried; in 
Blessing, John. Xenia. 1821 ; son of Lewis; soldier 
of 1812; died Decen>ber 2, 1864, aged seventy- 
one ; buried in Woodland. 
Blessing, Lsaac, Xenia, 1840 ; removed to the south. 
Blessing, Mark, Xenia, 1840 ; buried in Woodland 

cemetery. Xenia. 
Blessing. .\l)salom, Beaver Creek, i8.?o ; from Vir- 
ginia ; died November 28, 1881, aged seventy- 
four ; buried at Mt. Zion. 
Blessing, Lewis, Sr.. Beaver Creek, 1821 ; born in 
1765; died in Beaver Creek township in 1825; 
buried in Woodland ; aged si.xty years. 
Blessing, Jacob. Beaver Creek. 1821 ; son of Lewis ; 
died in Beaver Creek township in 1825, June 13; 
aged thirty-three years. 
Blalock. George. Caesar's Creek, 1807 ; November i, 

1808, married Elizabeth McKenney. 
Blalock, Benson. Caesar's Creek. 1807. 
Blalock. George W., 1840; April i. 1841, married 

Elizabeth Cultice. 
Blalock. Jeremiah, Caesar's Creek. 1830, 
Blakeley, Thomas, Caesar's Creek. 1819; removed 

to Indiana. 
Blakeley, John, Xenia. 18.30. 
Blakeley, James, Beaver Creek, 1840. 
Blue. David. Beaver Creek, 1806. 
Blue. Robert. Bath. 1807. 
Blue. John. Sr.. Bath. 1S07. 
Blue. John, Jr.. Bath. 1807. 
Blue. Samuel, Miami, 1813; soldier of 1812; Capt. 

James Morrow's Company. 
Blue. James. Ross, 1828, 
Blaney. William, Sr., Beaver Creek. i8ig. 
Blaney. William, Jr., Beaver Creek, 1819. 
Blain, James. Bath, i8og 

Blain, William, Sr.. Silver Creek. 1819; died Decem- 
ber 21. i86r. aged eightv-six ; buried at James- 
town. Ohio. 
Blain. William. Jr.. Silver Creek. 1840; born Sep- 
tember 25. 1808; died December 21, 185 1 ; buried 
at Jamestown, Ohio. 
Blizzard. George W,. Bath, 1840; April 18, 1839, 
married Rebecca Flatter. 

Blizzard. John, Bath, 1840. 

Blake, Nathaniel, Bath, 1813; July 25. 1814. married 

Mary Templeton. 
Bloomer. Benjamin, Ross. 181 1. 
Bloomer. Nehemiah. Ross. 1811. 
Bloomer. John, Ross, 1812. 

Bowen. Ephraim. Sugar Creek, 1803 ; from Ken- 
tucky; soldier of 1812; removed to Randolph 
county, Indiana, in 1814. 
Bowen, Solomon. Sugar Creek, 1808. 
Bowen, David, Sr., Sugar Creek. 1810; died July 
17, 1846, aged eighty-three; buried in Sugar 
Creek township. 
Bowen. Lott, Beaver Creek, 1813; from Franklin 
county, Pennsylvania ; married to Anna Wallings- 
ford May 2r, i8oi, by Rev. Carman. 
Bowen. David. Jr.. Beaver Creek, 1815; son of 
David; died June 10, 1879; buried in Mt. Zion 
Bowen. Samuel J.. Beaver Creek, 1819; son of 
David; soldier of 1812; born in 1773; died Sep- 
tember 26. 1864; buried at Mt. Zion church- 
Bowen, David, Jr., Beaver Creek. 1828. 
Borders, Peter, Beaver Creek, 1803 ; kept the first 
public house, and the first courts of Greene 
county were held in tliis house; removed to Man- 
ard county. Illinois, near Irish Grove; in 1852 
was still living, then eighty-four years old. 
Borders, George, Beaver Creek, 1806; soldier of 1812, 

under Capt. Zachariah Ferguson. 
Borders, George. Jr.. Beaver Creek, 181 1. 
Borders. Jacob. Sugar Creek. 1813. 
Borders. Henry. Sugar Creek. 1820; soldier of 1812; 

December 4. 1818. married Jane Starr. 
Borders. Christopher, Xenia. 1813. 
Borders, Christopher, Jr., Xenia, 1817. 
Borders, James, Xenia, 1818; soldier of 1812, under 

Capt. Robert Gowdv. 
Borders. Peter, Jr., Xenia, 1828; April r, 1829, 
married Nancy Richards ; removed to Logan 
county, Ohio. 
Boston. Jacob, Sugar Creek, i8t6. 
Bonner, James. Caesar's Creek. 1803. 
Bonner. Isaac. Caesar's Creek. 1803. 
Bonner, Frederick, Sr., Xenia, 1803; from Din- 
widdle county, Virginia ; born September 4, 
1738; died in 1830, aged seventy-one; buried in 
the Bonner Graveyard. 
Bonner. David. Xenia 1805. 
Bonner. David S.. Xenia, 1805; son of Fredrick, Sr. ; 

soldier of 1812. 
Bonner, David J.. Sugar Creek, 1812. 
Boimer, Fredrick. Jr.. Xenia. i8i6' died March 26, 
i860, aged eighty-four; buried in the Bonner 
graveyard; married Elizabeth Mercer. 
Bonner. Chapel H.. Xenia. 1808; son of Fredrick, 
Sr. ; soldier of 1812; died in Van Buren, Iowa, 
November, 1873. aged eighty-seven. 
Bonner. Stith. Xenia. 1812; son of Fredrick, Sr. ; 
died September 5, 1873, aged eighty-three ; buried 
in Bonner graveyard. 
Bonner. Chapel. Xenia. 1817; October 12, 1809, mar- 
ried Polly Davis. 
Bonner. Philip D.. Xenia, 1840; died September 15, 
1850. aged forty; November 21, 1832, married 
Mary Frances Heath. 



Bonner. Rev. James R.. Xenia 1840: pastor of the 
Associate Reformed (now ist U. P.) church. 
Xenia. in 1840: died at Sydney. March 8, 1870, 
aged sixty-three. 

Bond. Benjamin. Sugar Creek. 1813; soldier of 
1812: Capt. John Clark. 

Bond. Israel. Sugar Creek. 1821. 

Bond. Edward Ross. 1830. 

Bone. Jacob. Caesar's Creek. 1803 : son of Valentine ; 
wife was Martha: he died in 1806; administrators 
of his estate were John Lucas and Joseph Turner. 

Bone. Samuel. Caesar's Creek. 1803 ; born in Phil- 
adelphia. Pennsylvania ; moved to Maryland, 
thence in 1795 to Columbia, and in 1803. to 
Ohio: died October 10. 18=5. aged seventy-seven; 
buried in McDonald graveyard. 

Bone. A'alentine. Sr.. Caesar's Creek, 1804: died in 
1818: buried in Zoar churchyard: his wife was 
Christenia Bone. 

Bone. Henry. Caesar's Creek. 1807 : son of Valen- 
tine : died November 25. 1877. aged eighty-seven ; 
buried in Zoar Churchyard. 

Bone. Martha. Caesar's Creek. 1813: widow of Val- 
entine Bone. 

Bone, Stephen. Caesar's Creek, 1827 : from Mary- 
land : November 30. 1822, married Rebecca Neil. 

Bone. Thomas. Caesar's Creek. 1827 : from Mary- 
land : son of Valentine; born in 1792; died April 
22, 1876: aged eighty-three. 

Bone. Samuel. Jr.. Xenia. 1833: died in Xenia De- 
cember. 1825: aged twenty-seven. 

Bone. Isaac. Caesar's Creek. 1807: January 10. 1837, 
married Eliza Hardsook. 

Bone. James. Xenia, 1813. 

Bone, George. Silver Creek. 1813 ; soldier of 1812: 
son of Valentine ; September 20. 1809. married 
Nancy Mullnex. 

Bone. John R.. Silver Creek. 1820; was married to 
Sarah B. Jones May 13, 1827. 

Bone. George. Jr.. Silver Creek. 1840. 

Bone. John. Silver Creek. 1840; son of Valentine: 
removed to Indiana; October I, 1830, married 
Elizabeth Ricliardson. 

Boggers. Robert. Miami. 1803 : first Methodist to 
have settled in Clifton. Greene county, in 1799. 

Boggers. Benjamin. Miami, i8.'?o. 

Boots. .\dam. Xenia. 1817: born July 19. 1767; died 
March 7. 1839. aged seventy-one : buried in Boots' 
graveyard ; his wives were Hannah and Eliza- 

Boots, Jacob, Xenia. 1818 ; son of Adam. 

Boots. Jacob. Jr.. Xenia. 1819. 

Boots, ^lartin, Xenia, 1829: son of Adam; Decem- 
ber 21, 1826. married Rhoda Dill. 

Boots. Jesse. Xenia, i8to: from Virginia; son of 
Adam: died May 30. 1883, aged seventy-four; 
buried in Woodland. 

Boots, Joel. Xenia. 1837 ; son of .'\dam ; died No- 
vember 18. 1837. aged thirty-nine ; buried in 
Boots' graveyard. 

Boots. Edmond. Xenia. 1840; October 3. 1839. mar- 
ried Elizabeth C. Haines. 

Boots. Elizabeth. Xenia. 1840; first wife of .Adam 

Boots. Hannah, Xenia, 1840; second wife of Adam 

Boots. Levi. Xenia. 1840: Adam's youngest son; 
November 7. 1833. married Marj- Jane Campbell. 

Boots. Joseph, Xenia. 1829; brother-in-law of Sam- 
uel Peterson : died December 24. 1863. 

Boblett. George. Xenia. 1807: soldier of 1812; died 
in 1872. aged ninety-eight ; buried at Maple Cor- 
ners, south of Xenia. 

Bolan, Isaac. Caesar's Creek. 1S19. 

Bolan, Daniel. Caesar's Creek. 1830. 

Bolan. Daniel, Jr.. Caesar's Creek, 1840: September 
II, 1839, married Lucinda Conrad. 

Bolan. Jesse. Caesar's Creek. 1830 : November 22, 
1834. married Margaret S. Shank. 

Borton. Jacob. Caesar's Creek, 1830. 

Borton, Josiah, Caesar's Creek, 1840. 

Borton, Henry. Beaver Creek, 1840. 

Borton, Thomas, Ross. 1840. 

Borton, Aaron, Ross, 1840. 

Borton, Francis. Ross, 1840. 

Borden. Anthony. Sugar Creek. 1803 : from X"ew J -r- 
sev : removed to Martinsburg. Favette county, 

Borden.' Joshua. Xenia. i8i5:'died July 5. 1851 ; aged 

Borden. Enoch. Xenia. 1840: a tailor. 

Bowers. John, Xenia, 1840; soldier of 1812; died 
March 13, 1867, aged eighty; buried in Woodland. 

Boyd. John. Sr.. Xenia. 1807: died October 31. 1809: 
aged forty-two; buried in Massie's Creek (Steven- 

Boyd, James. Xenia. 1812 : died November 22, 1851 ; 
aged sixty-two ; buried in Massie's Creek ceme- 

Boyd. John, Xenia, 1840. 

Boyd. William. Xenia. 1840: died in 1866. 

Boyles. Henry, Xenia, 1830: died November 6, 1874; 
buried at Cedar\'ille cemetery. 

Boyles, Wesley, Xenia, 1830: died .\pril i. 1823; 
buried in Cedarville cemetery. 

Boyles, James, Xenia. 1807: died July 16. 1859: aged 
seventy-two; buried in Cedarville cemetery. 

Boyles. Daniel, Xenia, 1807; November, 1831, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Creswell. 

Boyles, Margaret, Xenia, 1807. 

Boyles, John, Xenia, 1829. 

Boyles. Samuel. Beaver Creek. 1829 : September 30, 
1829. married Elizabeth Jones. 

Boyles. Solomon. Beaver Creek. 1840. 

Boyles, .-Xbel, Beaver Creek, 1840. 

Bowmaster, Peter, Silver Creek. 1810: from West- 
moreland county, Pennsvlvania : died November 
3, 1859, aged seventv-two : buried in Bowersville 
cemetery: soldier of 1812. 

BozartK John. Ross. 1807: soldier of 1812: died 
June 17. 1858: buried in Bloxsom graveyard, in 
Clark county. 

Bozarth, Joshua, Ross, 1806: soldier of 1812; died 
in 1869 : buried in Bloxsom graveyard. 

Bozarth. David. Ross. 1819. 

Bozarth^ Lott. Ross. 1815. 

Bozarth. Prestley, Ross. 1807: January 3. married 
Emeline S. Smith. 

Bosher, John, Beaver Creek. 1803. 

Bosher. Joshua. Beaver Creek. 1S07. 

Bosher. Peter. Beaver Creek. iSii. 



Booker, William. Bath. 1813. 

Booker^ Peter, Beaver Creek, 1840: soldier of 1812: 
Capt. Shingledecker. 

Booker, White, Beaver Creek, 1840. 

Booker, Elias, Beaver Creek, 1840; died July 21, 
1857, aged thirty-five : buried in Pefro graveyard, 
near Fairfield, Ohio. 

Booth. Caleb. Xenia. 1826: died January 20, 1852, 
aged seventy-six ; buried in Cedarville ceme- 

Booth. Thomas, Xenia. 1828; July 31, 1821, marr- 
ried Lorcna Davis. 

Booth. John. Xenia^ 1828. 

Booth, .-Mfrcd. Ross, 1840: born May 7, 1815; died 
May 23, 1879; buried in Baptist graveyard, Cedar- 
ville, Ohio; married Elizabeth Wilson. 

Booth, David. Xenia. 1840; died May 22, 1856, aged 
forty-five; buried Cedarville cemetery. 

Bovey. Samuel, Xenia. 1840: a native of Maryland. 

Bovey. Daniel. Beaver Creek, 1840: died March 11, 
1855; aged sixty-eight; buried in Hawker's 

Bovey, Simon. Beaver Creek. 1840; from Washing- 
ton county, Maryland: born May 28, 1802; died 
in 1883: buried in Beaver Creek churchyard. 

Bolx), Gardner. Beaver Creek, 1803; witness for the 
state — Aaron Beall vs. Benjamin Kiser. A. D. 

Bowman. Joseph. Beaver Creek, 181 T. 

Bowman. Jacob. Beaver Creek, 181 1. 

Borrofif. Daniel. Beaver Creek, 1830: from Virginia: 
died December, 1874, aged seventy-seven ; buried 
at Mt. Zion. 

Bodkin, John. Beaver Creek, 1811. 

Bodkin. George, Beaver Creek. 1810; soldier of 

Boler, John, Beaver Creek, 1840. 

Boice. Charles. Bafh. 1817. 

Box. Martin. Bath. 1821. 

Bozell. Raphel. Bath, 1840. 

Boolman. Samuel. Miami. 1840. 

Bowser, Michael D., Xenia, 1840; torn in Warren 
county. Ohio; died June i, 1896, aged seventy- 
eight, buried in Woodland. 

Bool, Tames, Ross, 1811. 

Bool. Margaret, Ross, 1812. 

Bool, John. Ross, 1816. 

Brewster. Lewis, Ross, 1803; died November 9. 
1836, aged sixty-four, buried in Baptist grave- 
yard, Bellbrook. 

Brewster. Samuel. Sugar Creek. 1803 : died in Su- 
gar Creek township in 1824; January 3. 1822, 
married Mary Dunwiddie. 

Brewster, John, Sugar Creek, 1816; died in Sugar 
Creek township in 1830. 

Brewster, Francis. Sugar Creek. 1817: died March 
6, 1875, aged eighty, buried in Bellbrook ceme- 

Brewster. Nathaniel. Sugar Creek, 1819: died in 
1864. aged sixty-seven, buried at Bellbrook. 

Brewster. David, Sugar Creek, 1830. 

Brewster, Thomas, Sugar Creek, 1840. 

Brewster, Samuel. Jr.. Sugar Creek, 1840. 

Brewster. Zadock. Sugar Creek. 1840. 

Bruce, Charles P., Sugar Creek, 1840; removed to 

Montgomery county, Indiana ; died October, 
1850, aged 'fifty-two : married Angeline Wright. 

Bruce. James, Sugar Creek, 1803; born in 1782; 
soldier of 1812; buried in Baptist chiirchyard, 
Patterson Corner, near Jamestown, Ohio. 

Bruce, Henry, Caesa/s Creek, 18/c 

Bruce. Joshua, Beaver's Creek, iS.; .uldier of 1812; 
buried in Baptist graveyard ; southwest of James- 
town. Ohio. 

Bridge, William. Sugar Creek, 1810. 

Broadrick. Patrick. Sugar Creek, 1804. 

Broadrick. David S., Sugar Creek, 1809; first elec- 
tion held in his house at the organization of 
township of Miami. 

Broadrick, George, Miami, 1819. 

Broadrick. Isaiah, Miami, 1830. 

Bright. Goodwin, Sugar Creek, 1806; died in 1806, 
buried in Middle Run churchyard, south of Bell- 
brook, Ohio. 

Bright, Jacob, Sugar Creek, 1806. 

Brown, Rev. Anza. Xenia, 1835; first M. E. 
pastor stationed in Xenia. 

Brown. Hiram C, Xenia, 1842; from New York 
died February 22, 1882, aged eighty-seven; buried 
in Woodland. 

Brown, Nathaniel, Xenia, 1842; father of Hiram C. 
Brown, buried in Woodland cemetery, Xenia, 

Brown. David, Ross, 1812; soldier of 1812; died 
March 8, 1868, aged .seventy-five; buried in 
Clifton cemetery. 

Brown. Jacob, Xenia, 1835: born December 17, 
'775. died January 22. i860, aged eighty-four; 
f-om I^xidoun county. \^irginia. 

Brown. George W., Xenia. 1835: son of Jacob; died 
at his residence near Jamestown, May ig, 1883, 
aged eighty-five. 

Brown. Nixon. Xenia, 1840; born February 2, 1827; 
son of Jacob, and brother of George. 

Brown, Jonathan, Xenia. 1807; January I. 1807, 
married Delilah Spencer. 

Brown. Samuel. Xenia. 181 1; November 26. 1830, 
married Eliza Harrison. 

Brown. John H., Xenia, 1819, removed to Warren 
county, Illinois; died in 183S ; January 30, 183S 
married Jane Struthers. 

Brown. James M., Xenia, 1820; died in 1853, 
aged seventy-one, buried in Massie's Creek 

Brown, David, Xenia, 1840 ; buried in Caesar's 
Creek churchyard ; from Scotland ; father of 

Brown. Robert, Xenia. 1840; died February 7. 1887. 
aged seventy-one. buried in Caesar's Creeek 

Brown, William. Sr.. Xenia. 1830; a native of Alyth, 
Perthshire. Scotland; brother of James, and fa- 
ther of John. Revs. James and Thomas Brown ; 
was married to Margaret Hain ; buried in Wood- 

Brown. Rev. Thomas, Xenia, 1835 ; born in Alyth, 
Perthshire, Scotland. September 6. 1814; married 
Elizabeth Hamill. February 20. 18.^8. at Xenia; 
died January 18. 1892. at Welda, Kansas. 

Brown. Rev. Zachariah, Xenia, 1827; May 26, 1825, 
married Mary Dorsey. 



Brown, James. Xenia, 1830; killed in gravel pit 
June 4. 1849, aged seventy-three, buried in Wood- 
Brown. James, Caesar's Creek, 1830: June 2, 1842, 

married Rachel Powers. 
Brown, Abijah, Xenia. 1830; from Washington 
county, Maryland: died January 27, 1861, aeed 
eighty, buried in Woodland. 
Brown, John, Xenia, 1830: a Scotchman, brother of 
James; removed to Monmouth. Illinois; natural- 
ized in 1832, 
Brown, Samuel, Beaver Creek, 1806; March 15. 

1821. married Margaret Snip. 
Brown. William. Beaver Creek, 1820; died November 
15. 1864. aged sixty-eight, buried at Hawker's 
church. Beaver. 
Brown. PhiliD. Beaver Creek. i82g; born May 11, 
1798. died January 13. 1877, aged seventy-eight, 
buried at Mt. Zion churchyard. 
Brown. William. Sugar Creek. 1809; from Augusta 
county. Virginia; son of John; soldier of 1812; 
died February i. 1816. aged forty-six, buried in 
McKnight cemetery. 
Brown. .\!exander. Sugar Creek. 1813. 
Brown. David, Xenia, 1840; died April 27. 1873. 

aged eighty. 
Brown, James. Sugar Creek. 1815; died February 
5, 1892. aged seventy, buried in Bellbrook cem- 
Brown. Thomas. Sugar Creek, 1820; plasterer in 
Xenia in 1827; removed to Dayton; died past 
the age of ninety. 
Brown. Jacob, Sugar Creek. 1826; from Loudoun 
county. Virginia ; died at .-Mpha. April 6. 1885. 
buried in Beaver Creek cemetery. 
Brown. Mahlon. Sugar Creek, 1827; died in Xenia 

in 1848. 
Brown. George. Sugar Creek. 1824- son-m-law of 
Arthur Johnson ; died December 3. aged sixty- 
seven, buried in Mt. Zion. 
Brown. David W.. Sugar Creek. 1824; died No- 
vember 3. 1848. aged forty-nine, buried in Bell- 
brook cemetery. 
Brown. Samuel. Sugar Creek. 1824; son of George; 

born Novetnber 17, 1816. 
Brown. Clayton. Sugar Creek, 1840; son of Mahloi' 

Brown, Godfrey, Caesar's Creek, 1830; a Baptist 
preacher; died January 3, 1843, aged ninety, July 
17, 1828, married Keziah Smith. 
Brown. Richard, Caesar's Creek, 1830; died Decem- 
ber 2Q, 1878, aged seventy-nine; February 6, 
i8.?4. married Sidney Hamton. 
Brown. Samuel. Caesar's Creek. 1830; died in Cae- 
sar's Creek township in 1869: January 6. 1840, 
married Eliza Lucas. 
Brown. .Mien W.. Caesar's Creek. 1830; buried in 

Salem graveyard, south of Paintersville. Ohio. 
Brelsford. James. Sugar Creek. i8n ; soldier of 1812; 
died near Bellbrook in 1886; February 17. 1825. 
married Nancy Bigelow.' 
Brelsford. William. Sugar Creek, 1826; died in 

Sugar Creek township in 1849. 
Brelsford. Samuel. Sugar Creek. 1823; October 2, 

1823. married Sarah Buckles. 
Brelsford. John. Sugar Creek. 1829; son of William. 

Brelsford. Daniel. Sugar Creek. 1816: his daughter, 

Hannah, married Jeremiah .Allen. 
Brazelton. Samuel. Caesar's Creek, 1805. 
Breakfield, Elias, Silver Creek. 1840; born in Berke- 
ley county. West Virginia. August 31. 1806. 
Browder, Thomas, Sr., Silver Creek. 1807; one of 

the first settlers of Jamestown. 
Browder. Thomas. Jr., Silver Creek, 1807 ; died in 

Ross township in 1830. 
Browder. William. Silver Creek, 1807, 
Browder, Jesse F.. Silver Creek. 1840. 
Browder. James. Silver Creek, 1821 ;died at Colum- 
bus. Ohio, in 1835; July 4, 1816, married Betsey 
Browder, James, Sr., Silver Creek, 1809; soldier of 
1812; died February 12, 1872; buried at James- 
town. Ohio. 
Browder. James, Bath. iSog. 
Browder. William. Bath, 1810. 
Browder. William. Jr.. Silver Creek. 1814. 
Browder. Fletcher. Silver Creek, 1840: died April 

18, 1887 ; aged seventy-two. 
Browder, Daniel, Ross, 1815; died in Ross township 

in 1818, 
Browder, Joseph, Ross, 1840. 
Browder, J. S.. Ross. 1840. 

Browder. Thomas T.. Ross. 1840; died ]\Iarch 7, 

187;. aged sixty-five; buried at Bowersville. Ohio. 

Browder, James. A., Ross. 1840: died February 25, 

1877. aged seventy; buried at North Star, Darke 

county, Ohio. 

Browder, Harman, Silver Creek, 1813; soldier of 

1812; died in Ross township in 1835. 
Browder. Jonathan. Silver Creek. 1813. 
Browder. Wesley. Silver Creek. 1817. 
Browder. Hector S.. Silver Creek. 1840: died Sep- 
tember 19. 1856. aged forty-two ; buried in the 
Jamestown cemetery, married Catharine Hixon. 
Browder, Parks S.. Silver Creek, 1840. 
Bryan. James. Silver Creek. 181 1; soldier of 1812; 
died .April, 1874; May 2, 1813, married Polly 
Bryan. Morrison. Silver Creek. i8ii ; soldier of 1812; 
died in 1822; buried at Jamestown. Ohio; August 
23. 1837. married Catherine Turner. 
Bryan. Alonzo. Jr., Silver Creek, 1840. 
Bryan. Nero. Silver Creek. 1840. 
Bryan. Lycha A.. Silver Creek. 1840. 
Bryan. William. Silver Creek. 1S40; May 21. 1840, 

married Sarah Mendenhall. 
Bryan. .Alonzo. Silver Creek. 1829. 
Bryan. Andrew M., Silver Creek, 1815; died in Sil- 
ver Creek township in 1S21. 
Bryan. David. Silver Creek. 1815; son of Andrew M. 
Bryan, Thomas, Caesar's Creek, 1816: died Octo- 
ber 6, 1853, aged sixty-two ; buried in Friend's 
graveyard, Jamestown. Ohio. 
Bryan. Jacob. Caesar's Creek, 1837. 
Bryan. Reece. Ross. 1840; April 5. 1838, married 

Nancy Sheeley. 
Bruin. Martin. Caesar's Creek. 1827. 
Bromagem. Elias, Xenia, 1803; his wife was Mar- 
tha ; he died in 1828. 
Bromagem. Simon. Xenia. 1810; son of Elias; died 
September 26. 1823. aged thirty-four; buried iii 
Baptist graveyard. Cedarville. Ohio. 



Bromagem. Samuel. Xenia. 1820: son of Elias; died 
September 21. 1846. aged forty-eight; buried in 
Baptist graveyard. Cedarville. 

Bromagem. Sarah. Xciiia. 1830: daughter of Elias 
and Martha. 

Bromagem. John. Xenia, 1840; died in 1845, aged 
twenty-four: buried in Massie's Creek cem- 

Bromagem. James. Xenia. 1840; died May 19. 1841, 
aged twenty-two; buried in Massie"s Creek ceme- 
tery ; married Margaret Townsley. 

Bromagem. Moses, Ross. 1840. 

Bromagem, William, 1835; March 30, 1837, married 
Martha Gibson. 

Bramlett. Elkanah L.. Xenia, 1807; grandson of 
Joseph Lambert. 

Bray. Henry. Xenia, 1807. 

Bray. Joseph. Caesar's Creek, 181 1; soldier of 1812; 
under Capt. John Lucas. 

Briggs. John. Xenia. 1808 ; .■\ugust 8. 1820, married 
Margaret CofFell. 

Briggs, Matthew, Xenia, iSii. 

Briggs. Beniamin, Xenia, 1816. 

Briggs. Levi. Xenia, '1814; February 21, 1817, mar- 
ried Catherine Haddin. 

Briggs, Levi L., Xenia. 1817. 

Brotherton, John, Xenia, 1835; lived near Oldtovvn ; 
removed to Delaware county, Indiana ; died Octo- 
ber 12, 1863; aged seventy-three. 

Brewington, Klias, Xenia, 1808. 

Brewington. Eliiah. Xenia, 1817. 

Brewington, Daniel R., Xenia. 1826; born in Wor- 
cester county. Maryland. March 27, 1798; re- 
moved to Delaware county, Indiana, in 1835: 
(lied October 24, 1870, aged seventy-three. 

Brewington, Xoah, Xenia. 1828; December 25, 1824, 
married Margaret Smith. 

Brewington. John, Xenia, 1829; December 10. 1833, 
married Emogene Snahr. 

Bratton, James, Xenia. 1816; from South Carolina; 
died January 22. 1867 aged seventy-five ; buried 
in Woodland. 

Bratton. James. Xenia. 1828; from Ireland; died 
May 7. 1861, aged eighty-one; buried in Wood- 

Bratton. David, Xenia, 1840; son of James, second; 
died January 16, 1846, aged forty-eight; buried at 

Bratton, Robert. Xenia, 1840. 

Bratton, Edward. Xenia, 1840; son of James, second: 
died April 11, 1865; aged forty-eight: buried in 

Brisbane, Samuel, Xenia. 1821. 

Brouse. Canaan. Xenia. 1829; February 11. 1830, 
married Nancy Towrell. 

Brinkerhoff. Abraham. Xenia. 1840; removed to 

Brinkerhoff. Harman, Beaver Creek, 1828. 

Brinkerhoff. John. Xenia. 1840: married a sister of 
Abraham Hivling; .April 27, 1835. Catherine M. 

Bradley, John, Bath, 1807. 

Bradley. William. Bath, 1826; January I, 1823, mar- 
ried Harriet Drake. 

Bradley, Jacob, Bath. 1826. 

Bradley. James F.. Xenia, 1828. 

Bradley. Milton. Xenia. 1840: died January 15, 1878. 
aged seventy-five: buried in Woodland; Novem- 
ber 4, 1841, married Winney Dixon. 

Branson. Andrew. Miami, 1819. 

Branson. Thomas. Xenia. 1830. 

Bressel, Jacob. Xenia. 1840: born in 1815; died Feb- 
ruary 20, 1884. aged sixty-nine; buried at Fair- 
field, Ohio. 

Bressel. John. Beaver Creek. 1840; died at the age 
of seventy-three; buried at Fairfield, Ohio. 

Bracken, Jesse, Beaver Creek, 1803. 

Brackhill. Jacob. Beaver Creek. 1818; September 31, 
1819. married Catherine Morningstar. 

Brackhill. Henry. Beaver Creek. 1818. 

Brackhill, Peter, Beaver Creek, 1826; July 24. 1828. 
married Sally Harvey. 

Bryson. Patrick. Beaver Creek, 1826; died in 1828. 
aged fiftv-seven : buried in Pioneer graveyard, 
Bcllbrook, Ohio. 

Bryson, Robert. Xenia, 1834; native of Scotland; 
removed to Cumberland county, Pennsylvania : 
thence to Ohio: died December 15. 1876; buried 
in Massie's Creek cemetery. Cedarville. 

Bryson. James. Xenia. 1836; son of Robert; born 
March i, 1815. 

Bryson. Andrew. Xenia. 1840; June 14. 1835. mar- 
ried Sarah Baker. 

Bryson, George, Xenia, 1840. 

Browson, Timothy. Beaver Creek. 1840: July ir. 
1840, tnarried Elizabeth .Ann Fleshcr. 

Brake, George, Bath, 1810: died August 18, 1864, 
aged seventy-six ; buried in Fairfield cemetery. 

Brake. John, Bath. 1813. 

Bryson, Samuel. Bath. 1830. 

Brosler. Jacob. Beaver Creek. 1840; born in 1815: 
died at Fairfield. Ohio. February 10. 1885 : form- 
erly of Xenia. 

Bresler. John, Bath, 1840: died near Fairfield, March 
6, 1841, aged seventy-three; buried at Fairfield, 

Bryant. Levi. Bath. i8og. 

Branum. Thomas. Bath. 1817. 

Branum. William. Bath. 1840: soldier Company E, 
Ninety-fourth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, buried 
in Casad graveyard, near Fairfield, Ohio. 

Branum. James. Bath, 1840 ; buried in Casad grave- 

Brewer. Charles, Sugar Creek. 1813. 

Brewer, Jacob A.. Beaver Creek, 1840: died Octo- 
ber 29, 1839, aged forty-six ; buried in Beaver 
Creek churchyard. 

Brewer. Aaron. Ross. 1819. 

Brewer, William, Ross, 1840; February 28. 1839. 
married Haines. 

Brewer. Peter J.. Xenia. 1835: born in 1818; died in 
Xenia, April 6. 1900. aged eighty-two ; from Mary- 

Brewer. John G., Miami, 1817; soldier of 1812; from 
New Jersey; born August, 1794; died in 1886, 
aged ninety-six; buried in Woodland; March, 
1823, married Sarah Miller. 

Brewer, Jacob. Beaver Creek 1840 ; died in 1839, 
aged forty-six ; buried in Beaver Creek church- 



Bradford. Robert. Xenia. 1818: son of Thomas A. ; a 

resident of ■Montgomery county. 
Bradford. Thomas, Xenia. 1818; from Ireland; re- 
moved to Pittshnrg. Pennsylvania. 

Bradford. William. Xenia. 1826: son of Thomas; re- 
moved to Terre Haute. Indiana. 

Bradford. David. Xenia. 1818; son of Thomas; died 
June 16, 1875, aged eighty-two; buried in Wood- 

Bradford. John. Xenia, 1840; from Pennsylvania; 
died September 17. 1881. aged ninety; buried in 
Sugar Creek township. 

Bradfute, Widow. Xenia. 1809; born November 3. 
1796; Margaret died in 1813; from Scotland. 

Bradfute. John. Miami. 1806; from Virginia; died 
February 14, 1870, aged seventy-three; buried at 
Massie's Creek. 

Bradfute, John, Miami. 1821 ; died January 19. 1872, 
aged si.xty-nine ; buried in Clifton cemetery. 

Bradfute. •William, Miami. 1824; died January 19. 
1872. aged seventy ; buried at Massie's Creek. 
Cedarville, Ohio. 

Bringham. Samuel, Bath. 1821. 

Bringham. Martin, Bath, 1821. 

Bringham. William. Caesar's Creek, 1811 ; soldier of 

Broadstone, Michael, Bath. 1830; September 17, 1826, 
married .Abigail Williamson. 

Brinson, Samuel, Bath, 1840. 

Brinson, Timothy, Bath, 1S40. 

Brinson, Timothy, Jr., Bath, 1S40. 

Bresh, John, Xenia. 1840: from Kentucky; died 
December i, 1869, aged eighty; buried in Wood- 

Branner. Michael. Miami, 1819; died in Miami town- 
ship in 1854. 

Brady. John, Miami, 1826. 

Brubaker. Joseph, Miami. 1840. 

Brnbaker. Henry. Miami. 1840. 

Brock. Francis, Ross, 1828 ; from North Carolina ; 
died October 10, 1857, at his home in Ross 
township, aged sixty-eight. 

Brock. Evan. Ross, 18:8. 

Brock, William. Ross, 1840; son of Francis; born 
January 8. 1S18. 

Braley. Charles. Miami. 1840; died in Miami town- 
ship in 1862. 

Braley. Samuel. Miami. 1840: born January 21. 1769: 
died October 11, 1841, aged seventy-two; buried 
in Clifton; February 12, 1818, married Caroline 

Braley. Lewis. Miami. 1816; died November i. 1861. 
aged si.\ty-four: buried in Clifton. 

Brandt. John, Beaver Creek, 1840; from Germany; 
died December 28. 1896. aged seventy-nine. 

Brock. John H.. Ross. 1840; son of Francis. Sr. 

Brock. Richard. Ross. 1840; April 16, 1822, mar- 
ried Margaret Sheild. 

Brinker. Riley. Ross. 1840; died at Spring Valley 
October 5. 1872. 

Brinker. David, Suear Creek. 181 1; soldier of 1812: 
Capt. Robert McClellan. 

Bragg. William, Sugar Creek, 1817; a celebrated 
hunter ; died in 1854 of cholera ; buried at Bo- 
wersville, Ohio. 

Bragg, John A., Silver Creek. 1840. 

Bragg. Geo. .A.. Silver Creek. 1840; September 10, 

1835. married Sarah .A.. Stevens. 
Brackney. Reuben, Silver Creek, 1828. 
Brackncy, William. Silver Creek. 1828; July 26. 1835, 

married Mary Mullen. 
Brooks. John. Silver Creek. 1826. 
Broz. -Alexander. Silver Creek. 1840. 
Brickie. John, Sr., Silver Creek, 1840; died July 
25. 1854, aged sixtv-four ; buried in Jamestown 
Brickie. Jacob. Silver Creek. 1838; from Pennsyl- 
vania; born February 25, 1815, in Dauphin county, 
Brockow, Isaac, Silver Creek. 1840. 
Bride. John M.. Xenia. 1830; married Mary, daugh- 
ter of Samuel Gowdy ; died and is buried on 
East Third street, Xenia. 
Bunnel. Daniel. Xenia. 1811 ; died in Warren coun- 
ty. Missouri. September 10. 1876. aged eighty ; 
had resided in Xenia seventy-one years or more. 
Bunnel, Samuel, Xenia, 1840; September 24, 1839. 

married Eliza Conwell. 
Bunnel. George. Xenia. 181 1. 
Bunnel, Daniel, Jr.. Xenia. 1840; January 2t. 1833, 

married Alma Larew. 
Bunnel. Clayton. Xenia. 1840. 

Bunnel, Thomas. Xenia. 1840; removed to Cham- 
paign county, Ohio. 
Buckles. Robert. Sr.. Sugar Creek, 1803; came from 
Virginia in 1797; soldier of 1812; born August 
6, 1770; died December 25, 1850, aged eighty; 
buried in Middle Run churchvard, Bellbrook, 
Buckles, William, Suear Creek, 1803 ; soldier of 
1812; born March 25. 1766: died March 29, 1846, 
aged seventy-nine; buried in Middle Run, Bell- 
Buckles, James. Sugar Creek, 1803 ; son of William, 

Sr. ; (October 13, 1818. married Sarah Perkins. 
Buckles. John. Sugar Creek, 1803; son of William; 
soldier of 1812; died in 1870, aged eighty-one; 
buried in Middle Run, Bellbrook. 
Buckles. David. Sugar Creek. 1810; soldier of 1812; 

September 2. 1819. married Hulda Gerard. 
Buckles. Henry. Sr.. Sugar Creek. 1812; son of Will- 
iam, Sr. ; April 2$. 1816. married Elizabeth Hea- 
Buckles. Robert. Jr.. Sugar Creek, 1812; son of 
Robert ; died in 1829. aged thirty-four ; buried in 
Middle Run. Bellbrook. 
Buckles. Evan. Sugar Creek. 1816; a single 
man ; born at Columbia, near Cincinnati, July 7, 
1797; died July 10, 1880, aged eighty-three; buried 
in Middle Run ; when one year old was brought to 
Sugar Creek by his parents. 
Buckles, Jacob, Sugar Creek, 1819; died March 31, 

1892, aged seventy-seven. 
Buckles, Simon, Sugar Creek, 1821 : son of William, 

Buckles. George W.. Sugar Creek. 1840. 
Buckles. .Abner. Sugar Creek. 1840; buried in Mid- 
dle Run churchyard. 
Buckles. Girard. Sugar Creek. 1840: September 30. 
1830. married Rebecca Hawkins; .son of William, 
Sr. ; died .August 20. 1889. aged seventy-nine; 
buried in Middle Run. 



Buckles. Simon, Sugar Creek, 1840; son of William, 

Buckles, William S., Xenia. 1828; died April 22, 
1S5.?, aged fifty; buried in Woodland; April 3, 
1823, married Hannah Barnes. 

Buckles, William. Xenia, 1818; July 25, 1833, mar- 
ried Caroline Wakelcy. 

Buckles, Isaac P.. Sugar Creek, 1826; nephew of 
Dr. I. S. Perkins. 

Buckles. Jonah, Xenia. 1840; born in 1827, died in 
l8go, aged sixty-three ; buried in Middle Run ; 
son of Henry, Sr. 

Buckles. Al)raham. Xenia. 1818; son of William. Sr. ; 
November 8. 1803. married Jennie Carman. "^ 

Buckles. Henry S.. Xenia, 1835; born in 1815. died 
in 1897, aged eightj--one; buried in Woodland; 
Noveniber 4, 1854, married Eleanor Thomas. 

Bull. William. Sr.. Xenia, 1803 : from Virginia; .sol- 
dier of the Revolution; died October 31, 1811, 
aged seventy-one: buried in Massie's Creek (Ste- 

Bull. Asaph, Xenia, 1803; eldest son of William, Sr. ; 
died in 1813. 

Bull, James. Xenia. 1803 : son of William, Sr. ; soldier 
of 1812; died in 1872. aged ninety-six; buried in 
Massie's Creek (Stcvcn.son's). 

Bull. Richard. Xenia. 1S03. son of Williani, Sr. ; sol- 
dier of 1812. died October 31. 1834. aged fifty-two; 
buried in Massie's Creek (Stevenson's). 

Bull. John. Xenia. 1803; soldier of 1812 ; son of 
William. Sr. ; died in 1834. 

Bull. Thomas, Xenia. 1803: son of William. Sr. ; 
soldier of 1812; removed to Owen county, In- 

Bull. William. Xenia. 1820; son of William, Sr. ; 
Sepleml)er 16. 1825. married Nancy R. Jackson. 

Bull, William, Jr., Xenia, 1827; son of Richard; re- 
moved to Owen county. Indiana; died February 2, 
1887. aged eighty. 

Bull. Benjamin. Xenia. 1820. 

Bull, William H.. Xenia. 1827; December 22. 1836, 
married -Abigail R. Kyle ; son of James ; born in 
1805: died February i, 1867; buried in Massie's 

Bull. James R.. Xenia. 1833; son of Richard; died 
April 5. 1884; buried in Woodland; aged sev- 

Bull, .\rthur. Xenia. 1828. 

Bull. Bentley. Xenia. 1837; born in 1816; died in 
1889: buried in Massie's Creek (Stevenson's). 

Bull. Amos, Xenia, 1840; son of James. 

Bull. Robert Scott. Xenia, 1840: born in Greene 
county February 22. 1817; son of James. 

Bull. J. L.. Xenia, 1840; a resident of Xenia in 
1840 ; a son of James. 

Bull, Robert, Sugar Creek, 181 1; died in 1832, aged 
twenty-one ; buried in Middle Run, Bellbrook. 

Bull. Francis. Sugar Creek. 1820; died in 1842, aged 
si.xty-five ; buried in Middle Run, Bellbrook, Ohio. 

Bull. Nathan. Sugar Creek, 1820; drowned June 
12, 1823, aged forty-seven ; buried in Middle Run. 

Bull. Hiram. Sugar Creek. 1840; born near Bell- 
brook ; removed to Sidney. Ohio ; May. 1899. was 
still living, aged eighty-two. 

Buchalter, .Abraham. Sugar Creek, 1806. 

Burk, Henry, Sugar Creek, 1820. 

Burk, .lames, Beaver Creek, 1840. 

Rurk. William. Beaver Creek, 1840. 

Burk. Samuel. Beaver Creek. 1811. 

Bulard. Joseph. Xenia. 1818; died at Oldtown in 

1840; Februar)- 24. 1820. married Bethsheba Allen- 
Bush, Richard, Beaver Creek. 1807. 
Bush, William, Beaver Creek, 181 1. 
Bush. Henry, Sugar Creek, 1813. 
Bussel; Samuel, Beaver Creek. 1808; removed to the 

East; soldier of 1812. 
Bussel. John. Sugar Creek. t8ii. 
Bussel, Jacob, Beaver Creek, 1840. 
Burgan, John. Xenia. 1806; left his estate to his 

friend, Thomas Townslev, Sr. ; died June. i8r8. 
Burnsides, William. Xenia, 1807; soldier of 1812, of 

the Light Dragoons. 
Burnsides. .Andrew Sugar Creek, 1813 ; removed to 

Champaign county, Ohio. 
Burnsides. Nicholas, Caesar''s Creek, 1840; June 

I. 1838, married Sarah .Ann McCoy; removed 

to Champaign county, Ohio. 
Burrell, John D., Caesar's Creek, 181 1; soldier of 

1812; died May 16. 1864. aged eighty-one; Oc- 
tober 29, 1807, married Eleanor Marshall. 
Burrell. George. Caesar's Creek, 1811: removed west; 

buried in Baptist graveyard, south of Jamestown. 
Burrell. Marshall. Caesar's Crisek, 1840; yet living in 

1899; son of John D. 
Bullock. Ephraim. Sugar Creek. 1812; died in 1837; 

his wife was Abigail; sons, Morgan L.. Elias, 

Rowland E.. and daughters, Eliza Morton and 

Emiline Golden. 
Burney, James, Sugar Creek, 1812. 
Burney. Thomas. Sugar Creek. 1812; soldier of 

1812; Capt. Robert McClellan. 
Burney. Ezekiel. Sugar Creek. 1826; merchant tailor 

at Bellbrook at an early date. 
Burney. Thomas. Bath. 1814. 
Burney. James. Bath. 1814; died in Miami township 

in 1815. 
Burney. Robert. Bath, 1818. 
Buckley. Joshua. Sugar Creek. 1816: died .August 

1, 1830; drowned in the forabay of his own mill; 

buried near Bellbrook, Ohio. 
Buckley, Joshua, Jr., Sugar Creek, 1826; son of 

Joshua, Sr. 
Burkenhouser, Henry, Xenia, 1835; known as Dutch 

Henry ; a baker ; had his bakeshop near where 

Charles Trader's grocery now stands. 
Buchanan. David. Xenia, 1817; removed to Shelby 

county. Ohio. 
Buchanan. William, Xenia, 1818: removed to Shelby 

county, Ohio. 
Buchanan, John, Sr., Beaver Creek. 1803; a brother- 
in-law of Andrew Stewart. 
Buchanan. James. Beaver Creek. 180?; son of John, 

Buchanan. Jacob. Beaver Creek. 1818. 
Buchanan. Andrew, Beaver Creek, 1838; born in 

York, Pennsylvania, August i. 1766; died July 6, 

1838, aged seventy-two: buried at Cedarville, 

Buchanan, George, Xenia, 1840 ; born December 26, 

1813; died June 29, 1838; buried at Cedarville, 

Buinett, Griffin, Caesar's Creek, 1819. 



Bullock. Elias A.. Xenia, 1840; son of Ephraim and 

Buchanan, Stephen, Xenia, 1840 ; son of Andrew ; 
died April 15, 1844; aged forty-three; buried at 
Cedarville cemetery. 

Butler, William, 1836; March 28, 1838, married Je- 
mima Cain. 

Butler. James, Xenia. 1806: soldier of 1812; buried 
at Woodland; his wife. Nancy, died in 1833. 

Butler, Baker, Xenia, 1826; married Levin, a daugh- 
ter of Wm. Maxwell ; removed to Indiana. 

Butler, Smith, Xenia. 1830; December 17, 1828, mar- 
ried Sarah S. Sale. 

Butler, Rev. Frederick, Xenia, 1830 ; born July 22, 
1803; died March 10, 1839, aged thirty-six; buried 
in Woodland ; son of James. 

Butler, Thomas, Beaver Creek, 181 1. 

Butler, Ogle, Beaver Creek, 1829; December 17, 
1833, married Eliza Gray. 

Butler. Edward. Beaver Creek, 1840. 

Butler, Van, Beaver Creek, 1840 ; March 13, 1839, 
married Elizabeth Ann Jones ; buried in Wood- 

Butler. Samuel, Bath, 1807. 

Butler, Margaret, Bath, 1813. 

Butler, Joshua, Xenia, 1822 ; son of James ; from 
Virginia ; lx)rn in 1801 ; died May 28, 1842. aged 
forty-two ; buried in Woodland. 

Budd, Casper, Miami, 1827. 

Butterfield. Isaac, Miami, 1830. 

Burch, William, Ross, 1830. 

Burr, John. Silver Creek. 1840. 

Burr. David. Silver Creek. 1840; died March 29, 
1868, aged sixty-three : buried in Bowersville 

Buck. Henry, Beaver Creek, 1840 ; a native of Shep- 
herdstown, Virginia, born October 20, 1791 ; died 
October 10, 1864, aged seventy-two; buried in 
Hawker's churchyard. 

Buck. Samuel. Xenia. 1840; soldier of 1812; from 
Clinton county; died October. 1852: buried at 

Burden. Isaac. Beaver Creek. 1840. 

Butclier, Joseph. Ross. 1806; from Virginia; sol- 
dier of 1812: died October 28, 1865, aged eighty- 
four; buried in Bloxsom graveyard, Selma. Ohio. 

Burnham, William A.. Ross 1825; at the June term 
of court. 1825. petitioned for divorce from his 
wife. Cynthia Burnham. 

Butts. Samuel. Beaver Creek. 1818; soldier of 1812; 
buried in Beaver Creek cemetery. 

Butts. William H., Beaver Creek. 1808. 

Butts. Jacob. Beaver Creek. 1840. 

Butts. William. Beaver Creek, 1S40. 

Burley. William. Bath, 1813. 

Burley. John H.. Beaver Creek. 1828; January 12, 
1837, married Levina .■Xnn Huns. 

Burley. Daniel. Bath. 1829; died March 28, 1877, 
aged sixty-eight. 

Burley. David. Ross, 1826; a pioneer school teacher 
of Ross township. 

Burdell R.. Xenia, 1840. 

Buick. William. Xenia. 1822; died January, i860, 
aged twenty-four; buried in Massie's Creek 
( Stevenson's), 

Buick, James, Miami, 1822; died in 1857; buried in 

Burgess, John, Bath, 1801. 

Burgess. Thomas S.. Ross, 1817. 

Burgess, Bode. Silver Creek, 1826; January 4, 1821, 
married Cynthia Bryan. 

Burrous, Daniel, Beaver Creek, 1810; soldier of 
1812 ; buried in Union graveyard, Byron. 

Burrous. Joseph, Beaver Creek, 1810; son of Will- 

Burrous, William, Beaver Creek. 1810 ; soldier of 
1812; died February 7, 1827, aged sixty-one; 
buried in Union graveyard, Byron. 

Burrous, James, Beaver Creek, 1810; son of Will- 
iam ; from Washington county, Maryland ; re- 
moved to Fulton county, Iowa ; died October 28, 
1851, aged fifty-three. 

Burrous, William A.. Beaver Creek. 1818; son of 
William, Sr. ; died in 1834; buried in Union 
graveyard, Byron. 

Burrous. Richard, Beaver Creek, 1818 ; son of Will- 
iam ; died February, 1882, aged seventy-nine ; bur- 
ied in Union graveyard, Byron. 

Burrous, John. Beaver Creek. 1826; son of William; 
from Maryland; born in 1800. died December, 

1875. aged seventy-five ; Iiuried in Beaver Creek 

Burrous. X'athan, Xenia, 1827. 

Burrous, Benjamin, Beaver Creek, 1829; brother 
of William and Richard ; August 13, 1829, mar- 
ried Mary Stotter. 

Burrous, William H., Beaver Creek, 1840. 

Burrous, Joseph A.. Bath, 1840; died May 3, 1885, 
aged seventy-four. 

Busier. John. Xenia, 1829; father of Mrs, Ben Par- 

Bunton. James. Xenia. 1806; built the McQuirk house 
on Second street in 1806. 

Bunton. Moses, Silver Creek. 1820. 

Byrd, Andrew, Sr., Sugar Creek, 1810; soldier of 
1812; died in 1834; buried in New Hope, Baptist 
churchyard, Bellbrook. Ohio ; born in \'irginia. 

Byrd. Mark. Sugar Creek. 1813 ; brother of .\ndrew; 
soldier of 1812; removed to Missouri. 

Byrd, Andrew, Jr.. Sugar Creek, 1816; born August 
10, 1813; son of Andrew, Sr. 

Byrd, Adam, Sugar Creek. 1819; son of Andrew. Sr. ; 
removed to Missouri ; died in Oregon. 

Byrd. John, Sugar Creek, 1822; son of Andrew, Sr. ; 
buried in Baptist graveyard. Bellbrook. Ohio. 

Byrd. George. Su^ar Creek. 1830; son of Andrew, 
Sr. ; removed to Missouri. 

Byrd, Abraham, Sugar Creek, 1830 ; son of Andrew, 
Sr. ; died March 6. 1876. aged seventy-two ; buried 
one mile south of Bellbrook. 

Byrd. Amos, Sugar Creek, 1840; died October 11, 

1876, aged fifty-four ; buried in Woodland ; Oc- 
tober 6, 1844, married Susan Barns. 

Byrd. William, Sugar Creek, 1840; son of Andrew, 

Sr. ; removed to Marion. Indiana. 
Byrnes. John, Xenia, 1836. 

Campbell, Jo'^eph, Sugar Creek, 1803. 

Campbell, Henry, Sugar Creek, 1804; died October 

13, 1838, aged thirtv-nine ; buried in Mount 

Campbell. Samuel. Sugar Creek. 1804; died in Sugar 

Creek township in 1828 : his wife's name was 




Campbell, Jonathan, Sugar Creek, 1806. 

Campbell, Robert, Sugar Creek. i8og. 

Campbell, Peggy, Sugar Creek, 1830; widow of Sam- 
uel Campbell. 

Campbell, John. Caesar's Creek, 1803; settled where 
Todd Sbeley used to live, near Jamestown, in 

Campbell, John, Jr., Caesar's Creek. 1805 ; October 
9, 1809, married Polly Cason. 

Campbell. William. Xenia, 1807; soldier of war of 
1812: March 24, 1834, married Elizabeth IlifF. 

Campbell, Hugh. Xenia. 1818. 

Campbell. Samuel, Xenia, 1818; died November, 


Campbell, James. Xenia. 1820; removed to Dela- 
ware county, Indiana ; son-in-law of Daniel Dean, 

Campbell, Hugh. Xenia. 1827 ; died September 28, 
1877, aged eighty-four; buried in Woodland; son- 
in-law of Daniel Dean. 

Campbell, Thomas, Caesar's Creek. 1827; died Oc- 
tober 14. 1843, aged seventy-two; buried in Salem 
churchyard, south of Paintersville. Ohio. 

Carman, Jfishua. Sugar Creek, 1803 ; pioneer preach- 
er ; soldier of 1812; died December i. 1844. aged 
eighty-five; buried one mile south of Bellbrook, 

Carman, Josiah, Jr., Sugar Creek. 182 1 ; son of 
Joshua. Sr. ; died November 7. 18.SQ, aged sixty- 
si. x ; buried at Middle Run churchyard. Billbrook, 

Carman, James, Sugar Creek, 1826; son of Joshua, 

Carman. William, Sugar Creek, 1826; son of Joshua, 

Campbell. Charles, Bath. 1820. 

Campliell. Joseph. Bath. 1840; died of cholera in 
1843 ; father-in-law of Sol. Swigart. 

Campbell, William, Bath. 1840. 

Campbell. John. Bath. 181 1 ; buried in Bath church- 
yard, west of Mad River, in Bath township. 

Campbell, William, Bath, 1812. 

Camiibell, John M., Ross, 1811 ; brother of David, 
of Ross township; January i, 1835, married Mar- 
garet Tate. 

Campbell. David H.. Ross. 1812: son of James, and 
husband of Minerva Campbell ; died in Ross 
township in 1840. 

Campbell. Michael, Xenia, 18.30; from Pennsylvania; 
died December i. 1836: buried in Woodland. 

Cavendar, Samuel. Sugar Creek. 1805; died in 1835; 
buried in Bellbrook. Ohio. 

Cavendar, Benjamin, Sugar Creek. 1840. 

Cavender, Levi. 1840; September 2. 1840, married 
Precella Freeman. 

Cashold. Thomas. Sugar Creek. 1810; from Ken- 
tucky; soldier of 1812. 

Cashold. Robert. Sugar Creek, 1806 ; from Kentucky ; 
soldier of 1812; built the Dr. Samuel Martin 
house in 1814. 

Cason, Elijah. Sugar Creek. 1806. 

Cason, William, Sugar Creek, 1806. 

Cason, Thomas. Xenia. 1808. 

Cason, Thomas. Jr.. Beaver Creek, 1813. 

Carey, John, Sr., Xenia, 1840; from Ireland; died 

August 19, 1888, aged eighty-seven ; buried in 

Carr. John, Beaver Creek, 1827; died in Gibson coun- 
ty. Iowa, in 1840. 
Cassel. Samuel. Xenia, 1810 ; buried at Massie's 

Creek cemetery. 
Cassel, Alexander, Xenia, 1809; died in 1838. 
Cane. Robert, Suear Creek, 1809; soldier of 1812, 

under Capt. John Clark. 
Cane. Daniel, Sugar Creek, 1810; buried on the .-Mien 

Cane, Joseph. Xenia. 1812; soldier of 1812; kept 

tavern in Fairfield, Ohio, in 1818; died in Xenia 

town>hip in i88t ; married Susanna Bolden. 
Cane. Wesley. Xenia, 1828; June 28, 183S. married 

Louisa Thompson, 1820. 
Cane, Abner, Ross, died in Miami township in 

1836; September 3, 1818, married Elizabeth Paul- 

Cane. Jacob, Miami, 1840. 
Cane, Harvey, Silver Creek, 1826. 
Carpass, Adam, Sugar Creek, 1818; soldier of 181^. 
Carpass, Devault, Sugar Creek, 1817; October 4, 

1818. married Sarah Horney. 
Carpass, Zachariah, Caesar's Creek, 1807. 
Carpass. Adam. Caesar's Creek. 1807. 
Chambliss. .\nthony. Sugar Creek. 1807. 
Casey, John, Caesar's Creek, 1813. 
Casey. Jacob. Bath. 1804. 
Cavault. Abraham, Xenia. 1813; November 7, 1821, 

married Catherine Starr. 
Cavault. .Abraham R.. Silver Creek. 1826. 
Carkept, Benjamin, Caesar's Creek, 1830. 
Carroll. James, Beaver Creek. 1830. 
Carroll. John, Beaver Creek, 1803. 
Carroll, James, Caesar's Creek, 1804. 
Carroll, William. Caesar's Creek, 1840; died May 

31, 1865, aged fifty-four; buried at Salem, south 

of Paintersville, Ohio. 
Carter. Samuel. Caesar's Creek. 1840 ; December 9, 

1816, married Elsie Mendenhall. 
Carter, Joe, Xenia, 1840. 
Carter, John, Bath, 18.30. 
Carter, Thomas, Bath, 1840. 
Carter, Samuel, Ross, 1820. 
Carter, Samuel E., Silver Creek, 1820. 
Carson. Josiah, Bath, 1807. 
Carson, William, 1807; June 3, 1818, married Mary 

Carson, Abraham, Beaver Creek, 1807. 
Carson, Abraham D., Beaver Creek. 1812. 
Caldwell. James. Xenia. 1840; from South Carolina; 

died December 7. 1837. aged twenty-eight ; buried 

in Massie's Creek cemetery ; married Margaret 

Caldwell. John. Xenia. 1817; buried in Massie's Creek 

cemetery; November 5, 1840, married Mary A. 
Camion. Anthony. Xenia. 1810. 
Carson. James. Cedarville, 1840; died October 21, 

i888,aged ninety-three ; from Ireland. 
Cannon. Samuel. Xenia, 1813 ; soldier of 1812; wheel- 
Cannon. Thomas, Xenia, 1828. 
Cassel, James, Xenia, 1830; January 3, 18.33, mar- 



ried Emilv Laughead ; removed to Logan county, 

Cassel. Samuel. Xenia, iSio: died IMarcli 30. 1837, 
aged twenty-three; buried in Massie's Creek. 

Carl. Conrad. Xenia, 1833 ; a German ; died April 
12, 1880. aged ninety-one; buried in Woodland. 

Calloway, John. Bath, 1807; soldier of 1812; Vance 

Calloway. George H., Xenia, 1828. 

Casad. John. Bath, 1806; died March 15, 1854, aged 
.sixty-seven : buried at Cost graveyard, near Fair- 
field, Ohio. 

Casad, John. Jr., Bath, 1807. 

Casad. Abner S.. Bath. 1817. 

Casad. Aaron. Sr.. Bath. 1806: died May 9, 1832, 
aged sixty-two ; buried in Fairfield cemetery. 

Casad, Jacob. Bath, 1806; soldier of 1812 ; died Aug- 
ust 22, 1827, aged seventy-two ; buried in Casad 

Casad. Samuel. Bath. 1806; soldier of 1812; kept 
tavern in Fairfield in 1817; January. 1806; mar- 
ried Mary Mercer. 

Casad. Benjamin, Bath, iSio. 

Casad. William, Bath, 1810; died in Bath township 
in 1853. 

Casad, .Anthony, Bath, i8ti. 

Casad, Anthony W., Bath, 1816. 

Casad, Paul, Bath, 1818. 

Casad, Aaron. Jr., Bath, 1820; died in Bath town- 
ship in 18^9: October 26, 1818, married Mary 

Casad. William X.. Bath. 1820. 

Casad. John P.. Bath. 1826; died at Cleveland, Ohio, 
May 27, 1855. 

Ca.sad. Isaac F., Bath, 1826; died in Bath township 
in 1855 : buried in Fairfield, Ohio ; married Caro- 
line Townsley. 

Casad, Reuben. Bath. 1826; died in Bath township 
in 1846; brother of Aaron; married Mary Rocka- 
field. July 20, 1826. 

Casad, Aaron, Esq., Bath, 1827; March i. 1832, 
- married Mary Demint. 

Casad. William. 'jr.. Bath, 1827. 

Casad, Dennis, Bath, 182S; July 20, 1826, married 
Margaret Ogg. 

Casad, Benjamin, Jr., Bath, 1828. 

Casad, Rev. John, Bath, 1829. 

Casad. Thomas. 1824: October 3. 1824, married Mar- 
garet Baker. 

Casad. Mercy, Bath. 18.30; wife of Jacob; died in 
1835. aged seventy-nine; buried in Casad grave- 
yard. Fairfield. 

Casad, Martin R., Bath, 1840: son of Reuben. 

Casad, Woodward, Bath, 1840; March 13, 1836, 
married Mercy Hall. 

Casad, Bailey, Bath, 1840; August 17, 1837, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Pharis. 

Casad, Samuel. Jr., Bath, 1840: June 2, 1838, mar- 
ried Marv .\rts. 

Casad, Abel, Bath, 1840. 

Casad, Rhoda, Bath, 1840. 

Casad. J. F., Bath. 1840; November 2, 1841, mar- 
ried Rhoda J. Ca.sad. 

Canada. David M.. Xenia. 1829; February 8. 1836, 
married Margaret Madden. 

Canada, James, Ross, 1818. 

Canada, John, Xenia, 1S18. 

Canada. John C. Silver Creek. 1826. 

Carpenter, Joseph. Bath. 1807. 

Carpenter, James. Bath. 1807; died May 12. 1852, 
near St. Joseph. Missouri ; overland to California. 

Carpenter, Christopher, Bath, 1807. 

Carpenter, John. Bath. 1807; a soldier of 1812. 

Carpenter, Thomas, Bath, 181 1; a soldier of 1812. 

Carpenter. ElJas. Bath. 1818: died in 1857. aged 
forty-five; buried at Bowersville, Ohio; June 27, 
1823. married Elizabeth Hogle. 

Carpenter, David. Bath. 1818. 

Carpenter, David B.. Bath. :8io. 

Carpenter. George, Silver Creek. 1840. 

Carruthers, John. Xenia, 1840; a Scotchman; died 
March 15, 1870. aged eighty-four; buried in 

Carruthers, James. Xenia. 1840; buried in Wood- 
land; born in Scotland March. 1821; killed by 
the cars in 1899. 

Carruthers. Patrick, Xenia, 1S40. 

Canby. Samuel T.. Xenia, 1836; firm of Canby & 
Walton, merchants, Xenia: removed to Bellefon- 
taine. Ohio. 

Carper, Nicholas, Xenia, 1840; one of Xenia's lead- 
ing physicians in 1840; mayor of Xenia in 1839. 

Caho, Charles H., Xenia, 1840; died April 10, 1874, 
aged sixty-three ; buried in Fairfield. Ohio. 

Case. Elijah. Sr.. Xenia. 1840; a soldier of the Rev- 
olution; died January 14. 1842. aged eighty-eight; 
buried in Woodland. 

Case, Elijah E.. Xenia. 1840; died January 6, 1879, 
aged sixty-six ; buried in Woodland. 

Case, E.. Jr.. Xenia. 1840: buried in Woodland; April 
4, 1840, married Caroline Vigus. 

Casada. Michael. Ross. 181 1. 

Cahill. Elijah, Beaver Creek, 1826; born July, 1797; 
died December 23, 1858 ; buried at Mt. Zion. 

Cahill. Charles. Beaver Creek. 1826. 

Carney. Shem, Beaver Creek. 1813 ; May 8, 1814. mar- 
ried Anna Allason. 

Carney. Joseph. Miami. 1840. 

Caterell. William. Miami. 1809. 

Calhoon. William. Miami, 1830. 

Cady. Daniel. Miami, 1826; member of the Owen- 
ites. Yellow' Springs. 

Cady. Daniel G.. Miami. 1828; member of the Owen- 
ites. Yellow Springs. 

Cantrill. Zebulum. Miami. 1840; removed to Fair- 
view. Jay county, Indiana ; September 20, 1832, 
married Elizabeth Borders. 

Cantrill, Christopher, Silver Creek, 1840. 

Cantrill, William, Silver Creek. 1840; April 26. 1837, 
married Betsey Sutton. 

Charters. John. Sr.. Xenia. 1818; a native of North 
Brittain ; died February. 1821. aged seventy-seven; 
buried at Massie's Creek (Stevenson's). 

Charters. George. Xenia. 1829; born April 7. 1775; 
died March i. 1846; buried in Woodland. 

Charters. John. Jr.. Xenia. 1835; died January 6, 
1870. aged sixty-eight; buried at Woodland; .April 
15. 1829. married Margaret Monroe. 

Chalk. Alexander. Caesar's Creek. 1819. 

Christy. Jesse M.. Sugar Creek. 1819. 

Christy. Samuel. Ross. 1819; August 29. 1820, mar- 
ried Jane McCoy. 



Chalk, John. Caesar's Creek, 1826 ; married Dorothy 

Bartlett, September 28, 1826. 
Chinowith, William. Beaver Creek, 1803; from Ken- 
tucky ; a blacksmith by trade ; came to Mont- 

gomery countv in 1876. 
Chinowith. Abraham. Sugar Creek. 1820 ; died in 

1872. aged eighty-six: buried at Middle Run 

churchyard, south of Bellbrook. 
Chinowith. Joseph. Sugar Creek, 1820 : died August 

29, 1827, aged forty-two; buried at Middle Run 

Chandler, Simon, Sugar Creek. 1840. 
Chamliliss. .-Vnthony. Sugar Creek. 1813. 
Chancy, Rev. Laban, Xenia, 18.30; died at Kenton, 

Ohio, April 14, 1864, aged fifty-six; buried in 

Qianey, Samuel, Bath, 1840; June 30, 1836, married 

Abigail Casad. 
Chaney, Jesse, Caesar's Creek, 1813; soldier of 1812. 
Chaney. David. Xenia. 1840; died Mfirch. 1888, aged 

sixty-four; buried in Woodland; born October 

17. 1803. 
Chaney. Thomas, Silver Creek, 1808; died August 

22, 1869, aged eighty-four; buried at Bowers- 

ville, Ohio. 
Chaney. John. Xenia. 1840 ; died February 2, 1850, 

aged eighty-nine ; buried in Woodland. 
Chaney, Edward, Silver Creek, 1808; from Mary- 
land; soldier of 1812; brother of Thomas; buried 

in Parmer graveyard. 
Chaney, Thomas F., Silver Creek, 1829; son of Ed- 
ward ; removed west. 
Chaney, Jonatlian. 1830; October 7. 1814; married 

Matilda f-Iarpole. 
Chaney, John, Silver Creek, 1830; September 8, 

1831. married Eliza Grear, by Christopher Hus- 

scy. justice of peace. 
Chaney. David, Silver Creek, 1840; son of Edward; 

died in Silver Creek township in 1868; married 

Ann Greer. 
Chaney, Girdel, Silv