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Full text of "A history of the Harriet Hollond Memorial Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia, Pa."

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3 1833 02739 3377 



Gc 974.802 P53fo 
Ford, Harry Pr ingle. 
A history of the Harriet 
Hollond Memorial 



Digitized by tine Internet Arcliive 

in 2010 witli funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/historyofharrietOOford 





-^ ■ I jffTi 



HoLLOND Memorial Churci 



A HISTORY 



OF THE 



HARRIET HOLLOND 

MEMORIAL 

PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH 

OF 

PHILADELPHIA, PA. 

BY 

Harry Pringle Ford 



PHZLADELPHIA 

CASTLE «fe HEILjVIAIS" 

Printers 

27 IVOKTH Secoxd St. 

1899 



PO BOK 2270 j^j., ,270 
Fort Wayne. IN 46801 ^^'« 



Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord 
Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all 

SPIRITUAL blessings. 

— Ephesians 1 : 3. 



TO THE 

CHRISTIAN MEN AND WOMEN 

WHOSE FAITHFULNESS IN THE PAST 

HAS MADE OUR BELOVED CHURCH 

WHAT IT NOW IS; 

TO 

THOSE WHO IN THE PRESENT 

ARE STRIVING WITH UNWAVERING DEVOTION 

TO INCREASE ITS USEFULNESS ; 

AND TO 

ALL WHO IN THE FUTURE 

SHALL AID IN ITS DIVINE MISSION 

OF SAVING SOULS, 

THIS VOLUME 

IS AFFECTIONATELY DEDICATED. 



The Golden Age lies onward, not behind. 

The pathway through the Past has led ns np. 

The pathway through the Future will lead on 

And higher. * * * 

If we but fight the wrong, and keep the faith, 

And battle for the Future, all mankind 

Will bless us in the days that are to come. 

—James A. Edgerton. 



CONTE J^rTS 



The Moyamensirg Mission, 1 

A Personal Eeminiscence, 10 

The Moyamensing Church 13 

A Critical Period, 23 

The New Life 27 

Inspiration, 32 

The Hollond Chapel, 34 

Faith Mission 53 

A Pastor's Recollections, 59 

Hollond Chnrch Organized 67 

The Building Fund 80 

The New Building, 88 

Development 118 

Old Leaders and New, 125 

The Sunday-School, 144 

Church Organizations, 158 

Biographical Sketches 188 

Charter, 255 

The Old Tenth Church, 266 

The Present Tenth Church, 275 



isroTE 

The story of the inception and development of the 
Hollond Memorial Chnrcb is here told for the simple 
pnrpose of perpetuating the record of a noble work for 
the Master. The hope is expressed that it -will incite 
to higher spiritual usefulness all who read its pages. 

A great field is about us: a groat duty calls us. Let us 

go onwai d ! 

H. P. F. 

Philadelphia, Pa., 

December 1899. 



THE MOYAMENSING MISSION 

The Moyamensing Mission School, of which 
the Hollond Memorial Church is the outgrowth, 
was organized by members of the old Tenth 
Presbyterian Church, and first met in a small 
hall on Christian street, near Tenth. The 
Rev. A. P. Happer, D. D., who was afterwards 
known throughout the entire Presbyterian 
Church by his nearly fifty years of missionary 
service in China and who died in Wooster, Ohio, 
October 27, 1894, at the age of 76, was one 
of the first superintendents. In a letter dated 
October 17, 1893, Dr. Happer wrote: "In 
November, 1842, at the request of the 
teachers, I commenced the duties of superin- 
tendent. The hall in which we met was used 
on week-days for all kinds of secular purposes, 
often till late on Saturday nights. Some of 
the teachers had to go on Sunday before school- 
time to clean it up, and get it ready for the 
scholars ; and then had to go through the 
streets to gather in the children." 

Dr. Happer mentioned William H. Mitchell 
John McArthur and family, Daniel Mallery, 



2 THE MOYAMENSING MISSION 

"the indefatigable visitor and worker," and 
Thomas Jones, as being his early associates in 
the work. John Culbert was one of the first 
and most active workers, and his daughter 
Elizabeth, now Mrs. "Williams, attended the 
first session as a scholar. Paul T. Jones was 
also an able helper. 

The school continued to meet in the hall, 
which was at that time on the southern out- 
skirts of the city, for about three years, and 
then was removed to a public room opposite. 
Shortly after, it was again removed to the sec- 
ond floor of a fire hose-house, occupied by the 
Native American Hose Company, on the south 
side of Carpenter street, below Tenth. The 
neighborhood was a most unpleasant one, as 
men and boys frequently congregated on the 
open lots and fought along the streets. 

In 1847, Mr. Maurice A. Wurts was elected 
to the superintendency, several persons having 
filled that position subsequent to the resigna- 
tion of Dr. Happer. Mr. Wurts conducted 
the school with signal ability for eleven years, 
and was quite as strong a factor in its success 
as Mr. Morris and Mr. Ogden afterwards be- 
came. It numbered less than sixty scholars 
when he became the leader, and the room in 
which it met was not only cheerless, but almost 
destitute of furniture — unless plain board 
benches could be so called. He succeeded, 



THE MOYAMENSING MISSION 3 

however, iu securing a large and efficient force 
of teachers, and soon after a building costing 
$[,8oo was erected on Carpenter street, adjpin- 
ing the hose-house. It was dedicated in June, 
1848. A parish school, numbering at times as 
many as one hundred scholars, was formed 
and maintained for several years. Miss Mar- 
garet Thompson, (now Mrs. Mason), was the 
first principal. In 1849, Miss Elizabeth N. 
Brown became interested in the work and 
taught a girls' Bible class for some three years. 
She was then appointed assistant superintend- 
ent, and held that position until 1865. By 
her untiring efforts in visiting the scholars 
in their homes and the interest she took in 
the families connected with the school, she 
did much to promote its general prosperity. 
Two rooms were added to the rear of the main 
building in 1854, at a cost of $r,ioo. At 
that time the names of 232 scholars were on 
the roll. The largest attendance during the 
year was 226, and the average attendance 166. 
The collections amounted to $8051. The 
library numbered 700 volumes. 

In May, 1854, Mr. Wurts thus writes: "The 
school will compare favorably with other 
Sabbath- schools in regard to punctuality, order 
and progress. The scholars come not by com- 
pulsion, but from love of the school. We 
have ascertained in several instances in visiting 



4 THE MOYAMENSIXG MISSION 

that the greatest punishment their parents can 
impose, is to refuse them permission to attend. 
Our semi-monthly examinations show com- 
mendable progress in the study of the Cate- 
chism. 

" Only a few years ago, many who now 
compose our number, were to be found in the 
street on the Sabbath, ignorant, ill-clad, and 
ill-behaved; they are now respectful and obe- 
dient, well-clothed and cleanly, and in their 
appearance and deportment will compare most 
favorably with those ordinarily seen in a regu- 
lar church Sunday-school Above all, they 
have received, and are receiving, much in- 
struction, and we trust it will yet be seen that 
the efforts put forth have been the means, un- 
der God, of bringing many from nature's 
darkness to the marvelous light of the Gospel. 
In a word, we think a great work has been al- 
ready accomplished, and that much is still 
being done for the spiritual and temporal good 
of this entire neighborhood through the instru- 
mentality of the enterprise which the liberality 
and countenance of the Tenth Church have 
so long sustained." 

At that time the officers of the school were : 
Maurice A. Wurts, superintendent ; William 
ly. Mactier, vice-superintendent ; William Ma- 
son and James McAllister, librarians ; Charles 
W. Leavitt, secretary. The teachers were 



THE MOYAMENSING MISSION 5 

Messrs. H. M. Olmstead, John Mason, Ed- 
ward Orne, William L. Hildeburn, William L,. 
Mactier, Jared Craig, Robert Nichol, John A. 
McAllister, John W. Reed, Wilson Dunton, 
John H. Brown, John Wescott, Mrs. Ellen 
Reynolds, and Misses Margaret Thompson, El- 
len Thompson, Elizabeth N. Brown, Harriette 
Wurts, Elizabeth Grier, C. D. McLaughlin, 
Sarah Taylor, E. h. Dickinson, Mary Young, 
Lydia S. Penrose, Mary Brown, Mary Briscoe, 
Mary Linnard, Emily Leavitt, Agnes M. 
Goertner (lost at sea on a French steamer), 
and Miss McFetrick. Mr. Samuel H. Fulton 
succeeded Mr. Wurts as superintendent. 

From 1855 to 1862, the school attained its 
greatest early prosperity, numbering at one 
time nearly six hundred scholars. A spirit of 
generosity was inculcated and the children 
were encouraged to aid in the furtherance of 
outside benevolences. For many years a por- 
tion of the collections was devoted to the support 
of a boy in China, Ah Chung, who received 
the name of Mitchell Wurts (after two of our 
superintendents). He was adopted by Dr. 
Happer, and afterwards became an assistant iu 
the medical work. A case of surgical instru- 
ments was presented to him by our school. 
Dr, Happer's letters relative to him were al- 
ways listened to with intense interest by the 
scholars. He was baptized and married in the 



6 THE MOYAMENSING MISSION 

same year, 1854. His was the first Christian 
marriage in Canton. He became the father of 
several children, one of whom was educated in 
America by the Chinese government. 

On the 27th of October, 1856, Dr. Board- 
man, pastor of the Tenth Church, wrote the 
following letter to the Rev. Willard M. Rice, 
D. D., who had been for sixteen years propri- 
etor and principal of a classical school at the 
south-east corner of Ninth and Arch streets, 
and who had also been actively engaged in 
church and Sunday-school work: 
" My Dear Sir: 

"The teachers of our mission school on Car- 
penter street, below loth, wish to .^ecure the 
services of a minister or licentiate to preach 
there and do the work of an evangelist. I do 
not know whether it would suit you to labor 
there, or whether your gifts and style of 
preaching would suit the place. But with an 
excellent building erected for the purpose (the 
property of my church), a very flourishing 
school, with an efficient corps of teachers, and 
a prosperous neighborhood, the field is really 
one of much promise. 

"It has occurred tome that it might be agree- 
able to you to preach there on some SablDath 
evening; and, if so, 1 beg to ask whether you 
could go on next Sabbath week, the 9th 
proximo? As they have no preaching there 
ordinarily, the arrangement should be made 
the Sabbath before." 

Dr. Rice visited the school on November 2d, 




Rev. Willard M. Rice, D. D. 



THE MOYAMENSING MISSION 7 

and, after an interview with the officers and 
teachers, accepted the invitation to hold serv- 
ice on the 9th. He took for his text John 
6: 37. " Him that cometh to me I will in no 
wise cast out." Many of the teachers, schol- 
ars and parents were present, making in all a 
congregation of one hundred and seventy-five. 
On the 17th of November Dr. Boardman 
thus wrote to Dr. Rice: 

"It has given me much pleasure to learn how 
acceptable your ministrations have been to the 
people at our Moyamensing mission." 

Dr. Rice engaged to labor as an evangelist 
in the neighborhood, especially among the 
families connected with the Sabbath-school. 
Services were held every Sabbath evening, 
and four afternoons each week were spent in 
visiting the families whose children were con- 
nected with the school. Maurice A. Wurts, 
the superintendent, was a very earnest, devo- 
ted Christian. He was greatly beloved by the 
teachers and scholars of the mission. He af- 
terwards became an elder in the Woodland 
Church, and was for many years missionary 
secretary of the American Sunday-school 
Union. Miss Brown, who is still living, was 
also devotedly attached to the work. In 
1865 she went to Bethany school where she 
has since labored with great fidelity and 
success. A more faithful company of Sab- 



8 THE MOYAMENSING MISSION 

bath-school teachers could not be found. 
Messrs. Wurts, Fulton, Hoyt, McMillan, 
Mason, Craig, Leavitt, Balbirnie, and the 
Misses Penrose, Grier, Mary and Fanny 
Brown, Mc Arthur, Hazzard, and Mrs. Fulton, 
assisted in carrying on the work of visitation. 
The enthusiastic interest of Mr. Charles Bal- 
birnie was specially helpful at this time. 

During Dr. Rice's seven years' connection 
with the work a large Bible class was taught 
at different times by Mr. McMillan, Peter 
Walker, Dr. J. G. Kerr, now, and for more 
than forty years, a medical missionary in China, 
and Mr. F. A. Packard, the corresponding 
secretary of the American Sunday-school 
Union. Every Saturday afternoon during the 
winter season a sewing school was conducted 
by the lady teachers, and much help was thus 
rendered in supplying clothes to the needy. 
The spirit of Christ was in all the work. 

During the winter of 1856-7, there were 
much suffering and want among the poor fami- 
lies connected with the mission, which the 
teachers did much to relieve. Dr. Rice at- 
tended every session of the school — often 
teaching when teachers were absent. The 
teachers, however, were remarkably regular 
and prompt in their attendance. Nearly all of 
them were members of the Tenth Church and 
lived at a considerable distance from the 



THE MOYAMENSING MISSION 9 

school. Some, however, were members of 
other churches, among them being Miss Agnes 
Ashman, (who died Feb. 12th, 1897). She 
was a sister of Judge Ashman, and a member 
of a Baptist church. She gave devoted serv- 
ice to the school in the Infant Department. 

The pastor and session of the Tenth Church 
were uniformly friendly, and were deeply in- 
terested in the welfare of the mission. Every 
year a Christmas festival was held, which was 
attended in crowds by the children and by the 
friends and supporters of the school in the 
Tenth Church. It was a red-letter day with 
all; as were also the anniversary days, which 
were celebrated every spring in the Tenth 
Church. 

Very frequently during the first two winters 
the water in the gas-meter would be found 
frozen when the room was to be lighted. 
Very often Dr. Rice would have to borrow a 
kettle of hot water from a neighboring house 
to thaw the ice. He was then living some 
three miles from the field. One snowy winter 
night he and his son (who afterwards became 
a surgeon in the U. S. Navy, and died at sea 
on the man-of-war " Ossipee," July 13th, 
1868), walked (there being no cars) down to 
the mission, thawed out the meter, and held 
service. The thermometer was down almost 
to zero. Only five other persons were present. 



A PERSONAL REMINISCENCE 

W. D. Hoyt, M. D., of Rome, Ga , cue of the first 
elders of the old Moyamensing Church and a teacher 
in the school, in a letter written in January, 1S99, thus 
describes this period: 

"I do not remember in what year I first 
became connected with Moyamensing Sunday- 
school. It was during Mr. Wurts' superin- 
tendency, and in response to an appeal made 
by Dr. Boardman for teachers, that I offered 
myself and was accepted. The school seemed 
to be in a flourishing condition, the attend- 
ance being quite large. It was then occupy- 
ing the building on Carpenter street. I was 
given a class of eight or ten boys — pretty 
rough little fellows, full of fun and mischief. 
There were considerable poverty and want in 
the neighborhood, and there were many bar- 
rooms. The people generally belonged to the 
laboring classes, and were in need of the up- 
lifting power of applied Christianity. 

" I have a distinct recollection of the violent 
abuse I received from the infidel father of one 
of my boys. The boy had been absent from 
Sunday-school, and I had called on him in 




W. D. HOYT, M. D. 



A PERSONAIv REMINISCENCE ii 

consequence. The father came in whilst I 
was there, and proceeded to open the vials of 
his abuse upon me. His wife was much afraid 
that he would strike me as he threatened to do. 
I thought it was my duty to take the abuse, 
but had mentally drawn the line at a blow — 
and I was pretty well up in boxing. How- 
ever, he did not strike me. 

"I recollect the earnest discussion we had 
when it was proposed to organize a church. 
I was solicited to become an elder, I was 
quite young and hesitated on that account; 
but it was presented to me so strongly as a 
matter of duty that I had to consent. The 
church was accordingly organized in 1858, 
Dr. W. M. Rice being the pastor and Mr. 
Samuel H. Fulton and I the two elders. At 
the time it was proposed to organize a church 
the neighborhood was thoroughly canvassed, 
but there was found to be only a very small 
sprinkling of Protestants. Whether it was 
from an anti-Protestant feeling or the natural 
perversity of boys, I know not, but it was not 
at all unusual to have our evening services dis- 
turbed by the throwing of stones at the build- 
ing. I recollect on one occasion, when the 
stone-throwing was particularly violent, my 
making a sally and chasing the fleeing boys 
across some vacant lots; my capturing a little 
fellow and threatening to take him into the 



12 A PERSONAL REMINISCENCE 

church, and finally releasing him at his 
frightened pleadings. I think this episode 
had a good effect in stopping the stone- throw- 
ing. Dr. Rice did not seem much disturbed 
by such occurrences, but continued his sermons 
uninterruptedly. 

"We had preaching morning and evening on 
Sunday, Sunday-school in the afternoon, and 
prayer-meeting Wednesday evening. There 
was a gradual growth and development in the 
church. I remained with it until 1861, when 
anticipations of the war led me to arrange to 
come South to my own people. I have been 
in Philadelphia only once since, and regret 
very much that I did not re- visit the church on 
that occasion. Should I chance to visit it 
again, I shall certainly go to the Hollond Me- 
morial Church, and endeavor to absorb some of 
the enthusiasm and zeal with which it seems to 
be so fully imbued. Let me extend to you my 
hearty congratulations for the achievements of 
the past, and my best wishes for your contin- 
ued success in turning many souls to right- 
eousness. May the labors of the pastors, su- 
perintendents and teachers be crowned with 
God's richest blessings! " 



THE MOYAMENSING CHURCH 

It had long been a cherished wish of the 
teachers that the school should develop into a 
church. Many of the pupils, and some of the 
parents, had become hopeful Christians and 
had united with various churches. 

The attendance on the services during the 
first winter of Dr. Rice's labors (1856), aver- 
aged 125; it afterwards became much larger. 
Morning services were not held until the spring 
of 1858. The church was organized October 
nth, 1858, with twenty-nine members. The 
installation service of Dr. Rice as pastor was 
held in the Tenth Church, October i8th, and 
the sermon preached on that occasion by Dr. 
W. P. Breed was afterwards published in tract 
form by the Presbyterian Board of Publica- 
tion. Dr. John McDowell delivered the charge 
to the pastor and Dr. Henry A. Boardman the 
charge to the people. Samuel H. Fulton and 
William D. Hoyt, M. D., were the first elders. 

The number at the organization was 29 ; 
nine months later (June, 1859), the member- 
ship had increased to 42, and consisted of the 



14 THE MOYAMENSING CHURCH 

following persons : Charles Balbirnie, Mrs. 
Margaret Balbirnie, Mrs. Elizabeth E. Basse- 
ter, Mrs. Charlotte Broomell, Miss Elizabeth 
N. Brown, Thomas Bryan, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Bryan, Jared Craig, Mrs. Ann Craig, Mrs. 
Nancy Cunningham, Miss Ellen N. Dickinson, 
Mrs. Catharine Duffy, Samuel H. Fulton, 
Mrs. Margaret Fulton, Mrs. Jessie Goodsman, 
Miss Mary J. Gowen, William D. Hoyt, Mrs. 
Eliza Kerr, Mrs. Gracie Ke3'^ser, Charles W. 
Leavitt, Mrs. Susannah C. Lewis, Miss Marga- 
ret Mahood, John Mason, Mrs. Margaret R. 
Mason, Mrs Elizabeth McCormick, Miss 
Eliza McCormick, James McFarland, Mrs. 
Sarah McFarland, Samuel McMullen, Miss 
Sarah McMullen, Miss Margaret J. McMullin, 
Miss Mary E. McMullin, Miss Mary McWil- 
liam. Miss Catharine C. Mink, Mrs. Margaret 
Preston, Mrs. Elizabeth M. Rice, John M. 
Rice, Mrs. Margaret Rivell, Miss Elizabeth 
Rivell, Miss Isabella Smith, Mrs. Margaret 
Taylor, Mrs. Anna C. Thompson, Robert 
Vincent. 

There were i8o male scholars, 249 female 
scholars, 14 male teachers and 16 female 
teachers — making a total Sunday-school mem- 
bership of 459. 

The pastor held monthly afternoon meetings 
for the training and instruction of those who 
were considering the question of uniting with 



THE MOYAMENSING CHURCH 15 

the church. Much good resulted from this 
loving and painstaking attention. 

Dr. Rice continued in charge of the church 
until October 15th, 1863. During his efficient 
ministry the church at one time numbered 1 10 
members. When he resigned, the congrega- 
tion passed very complimentary resolutions 
relative to his "untiring zeal and faithful 
ministry; " and the session of the Tenth Church 
put on record " their deep sense of the fidelity, 
ability, and unsparing labor with which their 
esteemed brother had discharged the duties of 
his pastorate, and their gratitude to God for 
the blessings which had attended his efforts." 

After the departure of Dr. Rice, the school 
rapidly decreased in membership. The ques- 
tion of continuing the church was raised, and 
a committee appointed by Presbytery to inves- 
tigate the matter made the following report : 

" It is not believed by your committee that 
it would be either right or expedient for Pres- 
bytery to permit this church to remain in its 
present condition. It is without a pastor ; its 
income is small; and those who have for years 
been working for its increase and upbuilding 
are becoming discouraged. If it remains in its 
present unprogressive state it must necessarily 
decline and speedily become extinct. In this 
state of the case, but two methods, in the 
judgment of your committee, remain open : 



i6 THE MOYAMENSING CHURCH 

" First. The church may be dissolved, and 
its members distributed to adjacent churches. 
There will then nothing remain but a mission 
school of the Tenth Church, to be supported 
and controlled by that church. The responsi- 
bility of the Presbytery in the matter will have 
wholly ceased. 

" Second. The Presbytery may continue 
the organization, and take measures to give 
it increased efficiency, and augment its power 
for doing good." 

The report then gives in detail the difficul- 
ties in the way of adopting the latter course: 
the narrow street in which the church is situ- 
ated ; the chances of little or no improvement 
in the neighborhood ; the unsuitability of the 
present building for church purposes, and the 
location of an attractive Presbyterian church 
of the New School Branch within three squares 
(Ninth and Wharton streets), with a flourish- 
ing school, against which it would seem almost 
hopeless to compete. To escape these disad- 
vantages, the committee suggests that the 
church be removed to another neighborhood 
and assisted in the erection of a suitable build- 
ing; and, further, that the location selected be 
to the south and east of Broad street and 
Washington avenue. The report thus con- 
tinues : 

"The question which is thus raised might 



THE MOYAMENSING CHURCH 17 

be easily settled if the Moyamensing Church 
and its property were wholly under the control 
of the Presbytery, but this is not the case. 
The Tenth Presbyterian Church originated 
the Moyamensing Church by establishing 
there a mission Sabbath- school, and by nobly 
and generously supporting the church after its 
organization. Some of the members of that 
church are trustees of the Moyamensing 
Church, and hold the titles of that property 
in their names. The Presbytery, therefore, 
can do nothing without a full and fraternal 
consultation with the pastor and session of the 
Tenth Church, and with those gentlemen of 
that church who hold the legal title to the 
church building of the Moyamensing Church. 
In order that this may be accomplished, your 
committee would respectfully suggest the pas- 
sage of the following resolution : 

^^ Resolved : That a copy of this report be 
transmitted to the session of the Tenth Church 
and that the session be requested to furnish 
Presbytery at an early date with a statement 
of their views and wishes in regard to the mat- 
ter submitted in this report." 

In a paper dated October i, 1864, written 
by Dr. Boardman, the session of the Tenth 
Church thus makes answer : 

" The session of the Tenth Church, having 
duly considered the paper referred to them 



i8 THE MOYAMENSING CHURCH 

by the Presbytery of Philadelphia, respectfully 
submits the following reply : 

"It is now twenty-two years since the 
Tenth Church established a mission school in 
Moyamensing ; and six years since a church 
was organized there. In both its forms, as a 
school and as a church, the enterprise was 
blessed of God. We believe it will be be said 
of many ransomed sinners at the last day, 
' This and that man was born there.' 

" Under the ministry of a faithful and labo- 
rious pastor, aided by a most efficient corps of 
teachers, an interesting church was collected, 
comprising a very goodly number of active, 
working Christians. It became apparent, how- 
ever, to all concerned, that the neighborhood 
was one in which no self-supporting church 
could be built up, and that the utmost ex- 
ertions of all engaged in the effort would be 
requisite to maintain the status of the congre- 
gation already secured. By the course of 
events, several of the most zealous and in- 
fluential of the Christian men, who, without 
(in some cases), becoming communicants 
there, had given their time and labors to the 
enterprise, were obliged to remove to other 
and distant churches. After this, the school 
sustained a serious loss in the withdrawal of 
several of the stated teachers ; and finally, 
their excellent pastor felt it to be his duty to 



THE MOYAMENSING CHURCH 19 

resign his charge and seek another field of 
labor. 

' ' These events could not fail to operate dis- 
astrously upon a church situated like this one, 
the more so as circumstances occurred which 
augmented their untoward influence. These 
circumstances, it could do no good to relate. 
Enough that the misfortunes that have over- 
taken that promising mission, are attributable 
in no form or degree to us as a session, or to 
the church we represent, for even the falling 
off in the annual subscriptions of our congre- 
gation to this mission was only an effect result- 
ing from causes beyond their control. 

" We are aware that harsh judgments have 
been pronounced upon the session of the Tenth 
Church for their supposed delinquencies in this 
matter. We are not careful to repel these 
censures ; they spring more from ignorance 
than malice. They will find slight countenance 
among the excellent people of the Moyamen- 
sing Church. They know that the Tenth 
Church has testified its concern for their wel- 
fare by tokens of regard not to be mistaken. 
They must be assured that they have our 
hearty sympathy in their present trials, and 
that we would do anything in our power which 
a wise and prudent policy would dictate, to 
succor them. 

" To build them a new church edifice is not. 



20 THE MOYAMENSING CHURCH 

and never has been, in our power. We have 
always hoped that they might grow into a self- 
sustaining church, and that through a general 
effort on the part of the churches of our Pres- 
bytery, they might one day be put in posses- 
sion of a suitable house of worship. It would 
appear from the report referred to us, that the 
Presbytery regard this time as having come, 
and that all that is necessary to accomplish the 
object is a transfer to the Moyamensing Church 
of the lot and building they now occupy (free 
of rent), and the title to which is in the Board 
of Trustees of the Tenth Church. 

" Assuredly our church is the last one in the 
Presbytery which would in any way hinder 
the attainment of so desirable an end — it is 
what we have been longing for these twenty- 
two years. During this entire period, the en- 
terprise, first as a Sunday-school, then as a 
church, has derived its chief pecuniary sup- 
port from our congregation. We claim no 
merit for what we have done. It was not less 
our pleasure than our duty. Nor do we speak 
of it in this place willingly, but the occasion 
seems to require of us the simple statement 
that eighteen or twenty thousand dollars 
would, in our judgment, be a fair estimate of 
the amount contributed by the Tenth Church 
for the culture of this mission- field. We wish 
the sum had been still larger. We are con- 



THE MOYAMENSING CHURCH 21 

vinced that the seed thus sown has, by God's 
blessing, 3delded a harvest which is above all 
price, and we think the fact ought to satisfy- 
all parties, that we cannot be indifferent to the 
future fortunes of this mission. 

" The Presbytery, of course, would not wish 
us to imperil the Moyamensing property. Its 
financial value is not great, for it is incum- 
bered with a mortgage of $i,coo. But such 
as it is, we have no moral right to expose it 
to those hazards which have proven fatal to 
the property of so many of our feeble churches. 
Should the building cease to be required for 
worship by the Moyamensing Church, that is, 
should this church be forced by uncontrollable 
circumstances to relinquish its organization, 
the Tenth Church would still be bound to use 
the property, or its avails, for the objects con- 
templated in the original subscription. But 
if the Moyamensing Church shall, within 
two years from this time, secure funds suffi- 
cient to pay for a lot, and erect, free of debt, a 
suitable church edifice — sufficient, i. e., when 
supplemented by the avails of the property 
they now occupy — we agree on behalf of the 
trustees and session of the Tenth Church, that 
the property in question, or the proceeds 
thereof, shall be made over to them. 

"We suppose that this offer covers the 
ground contemplated in the report referred to 



22 THE MOYAMENSING CHURCH 

US. We think it is every thing which the 
struggling Moyamensing Church or the Pres- 
bytery could ask of us. And we trust that 
both the church and the Presbytery will see 
in it another evidence of our deep and abiding 
interest in the well-being of that congregation 
and the prosperity of our cause in the southern 
part of the city." 

The Presbytery on October 3d, 1864, took 
the following action : 

''Resolved, That the report submitted by 
the session of the Tenth Church in the matter 
of the Moyamensing Church, is highly satis- 
factory to this Presbytery and the proposition 
contained in the report is one honorable to that 
church, and entirely acceptable to this body." 

The plan to continue the church was found 
impracticable, however, and on October 13th, 
Presbytery took the following action : 

' 'Resolved, That the Moyamensing Church 
be, and it is hereby dissolved, and the members 
thereof be recommended to connect themselves 
with neighboring churches." 

The Rev. Dr. Matthew B. Grier was ap- 
pointed to announce this action to the members 
of the Moyamensing Church ; he was also 
appointed by Presbytery to give, in conjunction 
with the sessi m of the church, certificates of 
dismission to the members. The school, how- 
ever, was continued. 



A CRITICAL PERIOD 

The following paper, written in January, 1 899, by 
Dr. S. T. Ivowrie, gives an interesting glimpse of the 
field in 1864-5: 

" I visited Philadelphia in August, 1864, to 
learn whether I could be employed here in 
some work of church extension. The Presby- 
tery of Philadelphia had a committee to look 
after such enterprises. It consisted of the Rev. 
Dr. M. B. Grier, (who died Jan. 23d, 1899), 
the Rev. F. Reck Harbaugh and Mr. John 
Harper, and my inquiries brought me into 
communication with them. This, be it re- 
membered, was before the Reunion. It was 
not plain to the committee that Presbytery 
could accept my offer of service, but they 
thought my services would be acceptable in 
the Carpenter Street Mission of the Tenth 
Church — also called the Moyamensing Mission 
— and undertook to arrange that. As the 
Presbytery would not meet before October, the 
committee could not earlier present this matter 
for its action. 

"Thus it came to pass that in October, 1864,. 



24 A CRITICAL PERIOD 

I returned to Philadelphia and began work in 
the Moyamensing quarter as a missionary of 
the Presbytery, with the Moyamensing Sab- 
bath-school of the Tenth Church as the basis 
of operation. After a little acquaintance with 
the region, I found a lodging on Ninth street, 
not far from the school, and lived in the field 
I was to cultivate. 

" The church that had existed under Dr. W, 
M. Rice, having been dissolved, and the greater 
part of the members having been enrolled in 
the Tenth Church that fostered the mission 
Sabbath-school, there could be no meetings 
there on Sunday mornings, for the people 
who could make a congregation owed attend- 
ance at the Tenth Church. But there was the 
Sabbath-school in the afternoon; and Sunday 
evening and Wednesday evening services were 
instituted there, and other house meetings 
held during the week. It was a hearty and 
happy work for all who were actually engaged 
in it. But the meetings continued small, and 
under any adversity were likely to fail alto- 
gether. One of the few notes I still have of 
that period records that I preached on Feb. 12, 
1865, Sunday evening, to six adults and three 
children. The text was: Zech. 3: 2, ' Is not 
this a brand plucked out of the fire ? ' 

"The chief interest was in the Sabbath- 
school. Mr. H. W. Pitkin was superintendent 



A CRITICAL PERIOD 25 

and conducted the school, and Miss E. N. 
Brown was assistant superintendent. But after 
a few months Mr. Pitkin was able to be there 
only occasionally, so that I had often to con- 
duct the school; and I was always teaching 
classes for which no regular teachers could be 
found. The teachers who were regular and 
reliable were few; but they were very admir- 
able for ability and devotion to their work, and 
taught large classes. With such good work- 
ers and faithful work, it seemed that, sooner 
or later, there must come enlargement in every 
respect, and with it the revival of a church. 

' ' It was not the discouragements of the field 
that led to my removal from it, but the very 
hopeful character of another field. In the 
spring of the year 1865 the Bethany Mission 
applied to Presbytery to be taken under its 
care, with the request that I should be trans- 
ferred to that field. The circumstances of the 
two fields led Presbytery to make the change, 
in which I very heartily acquiesced. It was 
not to take effect until I had fulfilled the year 
for which, as it was understood, I had been 
appointed to labor in Moyamensing. The 
year practically ended when the Carpenter 
Street Sabbath- school reduced work for the 
summer, as was necessitated by reason of the 
teachers there being, nearly all of them, per- 
sons who lived out of the city in summer. 



,26 A CRITICAL PERIOD 

' ' But more than reduction of the school took 
place; for, in view of the discouragements 
attending the work, the session of the Tenth 
Church judged it expedient to discontinue the 
mission Sabl)ath-school. I was invited by Dr. 
H. A. Boardman, the pastor, to participate in 
the mournful transaction that was intended 
to conclude the efforts to plant a church by 
that mission. It took place, I think, in the 
afternoon of the last Sunday of June, (25th) 
1865, with appropriate worship of God, re- 
counting the blessings of the past and acqui- 
escing in what seemed to be His present will. 

' ' It was, however, not so to be. There were 
murmurs against the action of the session. 
Before the summer dispersion of the teachers 
of the school took place, consent was got by 
some of them to make a further trial. The 
prime movers in this were Miss Estabrook and 
Miss Penrose, and word was spread among the 
Sabbath-school scholars that the school would 
be opened again in October. What happened 
then and thereafter belongs to the first chapter 
of the inspiring story of the rise and progress 
of the Hollond Memorial Church." 




Miss Ellen a. Estabrook 



THE NEW LIFE 

The Rev. Heber H. Beadle, now, and for the past 
thirty-three years, pastor of the Second Presbyterian 
Church, Bridgeton, N. J., has prepared the following 
paper on a very interesting and important period In 
the history of the school — the period immediately 
following that described by Dr. L,owrie in the preced- 
ing chapter: 

"It was my good fortune to be connected 
with the Hollond Memorial field in days long 
past; it was my misfortune that it was only 
for a very short service. After a lapse of more 
than thirty years my recollections of it are 
somewhat indefinite and unsatisfactory. 

" In the fall of 1865, after the church had 
been for some time disbanded and the school 
had been abandoned, when the work in that 
field seemed almost hopeless to all except a 
faithful few — like Miss Estabrook and Miss 
lyydia S. Penrose — I was asked by them to look 
over the field and see whether, in my opinion, 
something could not yet be done to restore life 
to what seemed to be most utterly dead. 

" They talked the matter over with Mr. H. 
W. Pitkin, the former superintendent, and my- 



28 THE NEW LIFE 

self, and with such persistence and enthusiasm 
that we were made to believe that it was worth 
while, at least, to try to see what could be 
done — there might be a spark of life some- 
where, which, by judicious nursing, would 
come to something. 

' ' Being for the moment an idler in the market 
place, I was glad of an opportunity to work 
for Christ, even in so unpromising a field. 

' ' One Sabbath in October we met in the 
school room with a few of the teachers of the 
old school and the matter was again talked 
over most earnestly and most prayerfully. It 
was finally determined that, if we could gain 
permission from the proper authorities in the 
mother church, we would re-open the school 
and see if a determined purpose, along with 
the help of God, would not bring the success 
which we coveted; and that the dead should 
be made to rise and walk. 

" We did not wish to make an experiment — 
that had been done already — we wanted to do 
the thing. Notice was given at once, through 
the teachers and a few scholars who had come 
in to see what was to be done, that there 
would be school in that place the next Sunday 
and every Sunday thereafter; and that every- 
body was invited to come, and to bring others 
with them. In the meanwhile. Miss Estabrook, 
Miss Penrose and myself were to see the au- 




iss Lyoia S. Penrose 



THE NEW LIFE 29 

thorities and win them over to let us have the 
building. Knowing well the good men who 
had the matter in charge, we did not antici- 
pate any real difficulty. 

' ' With two such brave, faithful, self- forget- 
ting souls as these back of the enterprise, to 
suggest, to insist, to have heart and courage 
enough for all that had little or none, diffi- 
culties vanished and hope was born where 
there had been only despair before. 

" We were allowed to try the ' experiment,' 
as it was called, but those who gave the per- 
mission gave it without the least faith in the 
world that any more would come of it than 
had already come — that is, absolute and piti- 
able failure. But we had other ideas, and were 
the more determined to make not failure but 
success of the trial, if God would help, and of 
that we had not the least doubt. 

' ' The place was not a pleasant and cheerful 
one to which to invite children. An abandoned 
room is rarely a bright one. The benches were 
old, cut, and carved, broken and repaired by 
home talent; the walls were not very clean; 
the windows were almost as useful for ventila- 
tion as for light, and for the first we had no 
need whatever — the cracked and shrunken 
doors gave enough of that. During the week 
we went to a tailor's and bought a basket of 
list, and a large and heavy basket it was to 



30 THE NEW LIFE 

carry, I remember. Borrowing a hammer and 
buying tacks, we went out to the school and 
spent the day in caulking up the rents and 
holes that let in too much of the winter air; 
and doing this and many other like things 
that much needed to be done, we succeeded in 
making the place warmer and more present- 
able for the children. 

' ' Some of the teachers who had been faithful 
in the old school in spite of many discourage- 
ments, who stood ready again for still harder 
work, and who lived near by, agreed to have 
the room washed and cleaned for the next 
Sabbath. So much was done to the building. 

" The neighborhood was visited, every child 
seen upon the street was smiled upon and 
asked to come to the school, and from the out- 
set it was work, work, work, and pray, pray, 
pray, until to the amazement of all — save those 
whose hearts had been in the service — the 
school was set upon its feet, and began to 
grow strong in a way to delight those of us 
who had undertaken the work against the 
judgment of many much wiser than ourselves, 
and almost against our own most cherished 
hopes at the beginning. 

" In the spring of 1866 I was called to take 
charge of the church where I am at present, 
and very reluctantly was compelled to give up 
the superintendency of the school that was 




Rev Heber H. Beadle 



THE NEW LIFE 31 

now growing so prosperous, into better hands 
to carry on to new successes. 

"Miss Estabrook and Miss Penrose were still, 
as at first, the moving spirits that, under God, 
furthered the work to its wonderful ultimate 
growth. In the present unbarring of the 
doors of the past to let in light by which to 
see the faces of those who toiled so patiently, 
so faithfully, and did so much, when there was 
no promise for reward save in the promises of 
God, and it was hoping against hope to remain 
in that field, the names of these two faith- 
ful servants of God should not be overlooked; 
for they were the very life of the effort. 
Others took hold and toiled too, and with all 
their hearts — most noble helpers they were, 
and without them success would have been 
impossible or much delayed — but about the 
earnest, insistent, unwearying efforts of these 
two did everything turn at the beginning, and 
their names ought to be written upon a tablet 
of bronze and set upon the walls of the church 
— for without them it would not have been, 
humanly speaking." 

[Miss Estabrook is now (1899) living in 
Barre, Mass. The devotion of Miss Penrose 
to the work has continued through the years 
and she is still one of the most valued teachers 
of the school.] 



INSPIRATION 

" They helped every one his neighbor ; and every- 
one said to his brother, Be of good courage." Isaiah 
41 : 6. 

The efforts of Mr. Beadle, Miss Penrose, Miss 
Estabrook.and others were crowned with almost 
unlooked-for blessings. Miss Harriet Hollond, 
a prominent teacher in the Tenth Church, 
expressed her great joy, and promised finan- 
cial assistance. She had the walls whitewashed, 
and the heater, which could only be relied on 
to fill the room with smoke, put in good order. 
Former teachers, catching the enthusiasm, re- 
turned to the work, and gathered in their scat- 
tered scholars. Hope was in every face, faith 
and courage in every heart. There was a 
swing and^^ about everything, and a mighty, 
heaven-born impulse that was full of cheer and 
inspiration for all. Three months later, Christ- 
mas was joyfully celebrated with two hundred 
scholars. 

Mr. A. B. Shearer was made superintendent, 
and he was succeeded by the Hon. J. K. Find- 
lay. In the early part of 1870, Judge Findlay 



INSPIRATION 33. 

resigned, and the teachers unanimously elected 
Mr, Charles K. Morris, a promising young 
lawyer, and at that time a teacher in Bethany, 
to fill the vacancy. He declined to accept, but 
consented to become associate superintendent, 
provided Mr. Julian Cary would act as su- 
perintendent at the regular session of the 
school on Sunday afternoons, thus allowing 
Mr. Morris to meet his class in Bethany. This 
arrangement continued until the spring of 1871 , 
when Mr. Cary removed to New York. Mr. 
Morris was again elected superintendent, and, 
to the great joy of the oflScers and teachers, 
accepted. 

He held the important position with marked 
ability and success until his untimely death on 
the loth of February, 1879. Under his mag- 
netic leadership the school made great pro- 
gress. The seats in the old Moyamensing 
building were replaced by better ones; the 
floor, which had given way during one of the 
sessions, was relaid; the house was repainted; 
the division wall between the main room and 
the infant school was removed, and new life 
and energy took the place of old and worn-out. 
methods. 



THE HOIvLOND CHAPEL 

A few days before the death of Harriet Hol- 
lond, which occurred on the 9th of August, 
1870, she added a codicil to her will, in which 
she bequeathed $io,oco to the Tenth Church, 
provided it would undertake, within five years, 
to place the Moyamensing school in a more 
desirable neighborhood. 

The Tenth Church accepted the terms of 
Miss HoUond's legacy, and contributed an 
equal amount. On the i6th of June, 1873, it 
entered into a contract with Charles D. Supplee, 
architect, to erect a handsome memorial chapel. 

The site finally selected was at the southwest 
corner of Federal and Clarion streets, the lot 
originally chosen, at Twelfth and Wharton 
streets, being relinquished. 

Ground was broken June 17th, and the cor- 
ner-stone laid July 31, 1873. The exercises 
were participated in by the Rev. Willard M. 
Rice, D. D. , of the Fourth Presbyterian Church; 
the Rev. J. R. Miller, D. D., of the Bethany 
Presbyterian Church ; and the Rev. J. Henry 
Sharpe, D. D., of the Wharton Street Presby- 



THE HOLLOND CHAPEL 35 

terian Church. Mr. Charles K. Morris, super- 
intendent, also took part. 

The dedicatory services commenced on Sun- 
day morning, February 15, 1874, the day being 
an unusually beautiful one. The Rev. Henry 
A. Boardman, D. D., preached the opening ser- 
mon from the texts "6> Lord our God, all this 
store that we have prepared to build thee an house 
for thine holy name cometh of thi?ie hand, 
and is all thi^ie own.''^ i Chron. : 29-16. 

' ' This also that she hath done, shall be spoken 
of for a 7nemorial of her.'' Mark 14 : 9. 

Among other things, he said : 

' ' This commodious and beautiful structure, 
whose walls to-day resound for the first time 
with the praises of Almighty God, is not pri- 
marily designed as a church, but as a Sunday- 
school mission chapel. The predominant serv- 
ice is to be the careful religious training of the 
young ; to be blended, however, with the 
preaching of the Gospel, and its kindred exer- 
cises. 

"You bring the Gospel to the very door of the 
people. You bring it to them without money 
and without price, under circumstances which 
leave no possible room for them to distrust the 
purity of your motives. You address your- 
selves to the young who are accessible to 
the approaches of kindness, and who are the 
particular objects of the Divine regard. Your 



36 THE HOIvLOND CHAPEL 

whole aim concerning them is to rescue them 
from evil courses, to throw around them the 
only adequate safeguard against temptation, 
to make them wiser and better and happier, 
to fit them for the duties of this life, and the 
enjoyments of the life to come. The whole- 
some agency thus brought to bear upon the 
young, they carry into their homes. Children 
become missionaries to their parents ; all the 
more efficient, because neither party recognizes 
the relation, and the healthful influence distills 
around silently like the dew. Intemperance, 
profaneness, and crime, will be checked ; order, 
industry, and frugality will prevail, and you 
will have done more for the peace and thrift 
of the neighborhood, than the police could 
have accomplished in a score of years." 

" But your aim is higher than personal ref- 
ormation, or domestic comfort, or social order, 
or all of these combined. You come hither as 
to the lost, to make known to them a Saviour; 
you come to snatch deathless souls from endless 
ruin; you come to train perishing sinners for 
Heaven." 

Of Miss HoUond, he said, in part : " With 
a humility never exceeded in any Christian ot 
whom I have known or read, she shrank from 
hearing her name used in connection with any 
of her daily benefactions. Her ambition never 
rose beyond the privilege of ministering to the 



THE HOLLOND CHAPEL 37 

relief, temporal and spiritual, of God's suffer- 
ing poor, and for these ever-repeated offices of 
kindness she would not hear without protest a 
word of commendation even from her dearest 
friends. ' ' 

At 2 p. M., the Sunday-school assembled for 
the last time in the old brick school-house on 
Carpenter street. After a parting hymn and 
prayer, they filed out by classes and marched 
to the new chapel, singing " Our Sabbath 
Home." The boys entered by the east door, 
the girls by the west, and took their ap- 
pointed class forms. ' ' The little people of the 
Infant and Primary rooms came last, and 
when all were in place, Mr. Morris tapped his 
bell, the singing ceased, all were simultaneous- 
ly seated, and the exercises of the school went 
on just as in the old hall." Mr. W. L,. Cooke 
made the opening prayer. 

In the evening, the co-pastor of the Tenth 
Church, the Rev. Louis R. Fox, preached. 
The Rev. Willard M. Rice, D. D., also 
spoke. 

On Monday, the i6th, the Rev. Dr. S. T. 
Lowrie, read the Scriptures and made the open- 
ing prayer. Addresses to the children were 
delivered by the Rev. James M. Crowell, D. D., 
and J. Bennet Tyler, Esq. The following 
original dedication hymn was sung: 



38 THE HOLLOND CHAPEL 

Father, enthroned above, 
Hear us in gracious love ; 

Accept our vows : 
Holy and Sovereign L,ord, 
Keep Thou the watch and ward, 
Be the perpetual Guard 

Of this Thy House. 

Thou, the Anointed One, 
God's own eternal Son, 

Grant us Thine aid : 
Here let Thy favor dwell, 
Here may Thy praises swell ; 
Saviour, Immanuel, 

Be Thou our Head, 

Oh, Holy Comforter, 
Thy people, prone to err, 

Thy help implore : 
Presence Divine, unseen. 
Breathe every heart within, 
Cleanse from all taint of sin, 

Forevermore. 

Jehovah ! Lord and King, 
Angels Thy glory sing 

Through endless days : 
World without end, to Thee, 
To Thy great Majesty, 
Father, Son, Spirit, be 

Eternal praise ! 

A report was read by Mr. Charles E. Morris, 
showing that there had been a total expendi- 
ture of $30,000, all but $3,400 of which had 
been paid. $20,000 of the amount had come 
through the Tenth Church and Miss Hollond, 



THE HOLLOND CHAPEIv 39 

$4,000 from the sale of the old Carpenter street 
building, and about $1,000 from the mite boxes 
used by the children of the school. $70,00 of 
this was raised by Miss Elizabeth Rivell's class. 
In less than two weeks after the report was 
made, the building, through the liberality of 
two good friends of the school, was free from 
debt. 

On Tuesday, the 17th, the Rev. Henry C. 
McCook, D. D., Hon. W. S. Peirce, Rev. E. 
R. Beadle, D. D., of the Second Presbyterian 
Church, and the Hon. John Wanamaker, took 
part. 

On Wednesday evening, the Rev. H. V, S. 
Meyers, of New York, the Rev. W. W. Hallo- 
way, of Jersey City, and the Rev. Wm. P. 
Breed, D. D., of the West Spruce Street Pres- 
byterian Church, were the speakers. 

Thursday evening, the Rev. H. J. Van Dyke, 
D. D., of Brooklyn, and the Rev. J. F. Dripps, 
of Germantown, preached. On Friday even- 
ing, the sermon was delivered by the Rev. W. 
W. Ormiston, D. D., of New York city. Sat- 
urday evening was observed as a praise and 
thanksgiving service, in which the Rev. Dr. 
Z. M. Humphrey, the Rev. Dr. J. R. Miller, 
and Messrs. Maurice A. Wurts and James O. 
McHenry participated. 

At this time there were 36 officers and teach- 
ers, 55 primary scholars, 210 infant scholars, 



40 THE HOLLOND CHAPEL 

and 222 scholars in the main room —making 
a total of 523. The officers were: Charles E. 
Morris, superintendent; William L. Cooke, as- 
sociate superintendent; William ly. Du Bois, 
treasurer; Samuel R. Sharp, treasurer of me- 
morial fund; Walter K. Maxwell and William 
W. Porter, secretaries; Charles J. Cooke and 
Robert Briggs, librarians. 

At the dedication of the chapel the keys 
were placed in the hands of Mr, James C. 
Taylor, who was one of the early Moyamen- 
sing scholars and whose active interest in the 
work still continues. Perhaps no member of 
our church has ever been at heart more truly 
devoted to its service or more closely identified 
with it. To many of us his name and Hollond 
are almost synonymous terms. Beginning life 
with but few advantages he deserves special 
credit for having won his way to the front 
ranks of our city's painters. As a practical 
business man, his experience and advice have 
been of great value to our board of trustees, 
of which body he is a member. He was one 
of the loyal men who went to the front at their 
country's call during the war of the rebellion 
and he is justly proud of his record as a sol- 
dier. 

The chapel is of Gothic architecture, and is 
built of Trenton brown stone. It has a front- 
age of sixty-two feet on Federal street and 




THE HOLLOND CHAPEL 



THE HOLLOND CHAPEL 41 

ninety on Clarion, Two vestibules on Federal 
street, ten feet square, give entrance to the 
main room and to the galleries. The north 
gallery was erected with the chapel; the two 
side galleries were added in 1882. The library, 
superintendents' room, secretaries' room, and 
wash room, are at the north end of the build- 
ing; four Bible class rooms are on the west 
side and two on the east side, and the Primary 
and Junior rooms are at the south end, back 
of the pulpit platform. By means of slid- 
ing glass partitions, all of these class rooms 
can be at will opened on or separated from the 
main audience room. The building is seated 
with chairs, which can be arranged into class- 
forms for Sunday-school purposes or placed in 
rows for other services. The pulpit was the 
gift of a Sunday-school class in Bethany, and 
the organ, made and bought in Paris, was pre- 
sented by a member of the Tenth Church. 
The building has a total seating capacity of 
above one thousand. Davis E. Supplee was 
the supervising architect. 

Many loving hearts have been, and are, in- 
terested in the beautiful stained glass windows 
which adorn the chapel — each of them being a 
memorial of a loved one gone. The committee 
having charge of securing these windows were 
much encouraged at the very beginning by re- 
ceiving an offer of two windows from a lady 



42 THE HOLLOND CHAPEL 

who had originally given them to a church in 
the interior of the State, from whence they 
were removed owing to a growing prejudice 
in that community against such memorials 
being erected in churches. These windows, 
which bear the names of Saul and Katherine 
Hood McCormick, were gladly accepted and 
are now among the most beautiful in the build- 
ing. The two large front windows were do- 
nated by personal friends of Harriet Hollond. 
Among the names commemorated by some of 
the other windows are Rev. W. M. Engles, 
D.D., Mrs. Rebecca M. Schott, Emily Duncan, 
Ellen W. Jones, Dr. John MacDowell Rice, 
U. S. N., (presented by the Fourth Presby- 
terian Church) ; Hattie Wanamaker (pre- 
sented by Grace Chapel, Jenkintown) ; Rev. 
Dudley A. Tyng; Rev. John Todd, D.D. 
(presented by the Clinton Street Presbyterian 
Church); John Cresswell; Rev. Albert Barnes 
(presented by the First Presbyterian Church) ; 
John Wilson (presented by the Woodland 
Presbyterian Church); Helen B. Glass, Benja- 
min John Cooke, Harvey Mann, Jr., Rachel 
J, Mann, James B. Mann, Mrs. Samuel Sharp, 
James B. McFarland and William Jardine. 

Among the churches not mentioned above 
which presented windows were the old Tenth, 
Bethany, Chambers' and Cohocksink. 

In the main room there are handsome tablets 



THE HOIvLOND CHAPEL 43 

to the memory of Harriet Hollond, Dr. Henry 
A. Boardman, and Charles E. Morris. 

In 1875, steps were taken which resulted in 
the building of the cozy parlor over the Prim- 
ary and Junior class rooms. The following 
description of the movement appeared in Our 
Sabbath- School Helper oi April 11, 1875: 

' ' Since the occupation of the Hollond Me- 
morial Chapel the need of a room suitable for 
social and prayer meetings has been greatly 
felt. But remembering the prompt and gener- 
ous contributions which gave us a beautiful 
and attractive chapel without a dollar of debt 
upon it, we chose rather to suflfer the incon- 
venience than trespass further on the liberality 
of those who have done so much for us. 
Providence seems now to have opened the way 
for the accomplishment of this object. Miss 
Annie Morris, a beloved teacher in our school, 
whose recent death we so deeply lament, died 
possessed of a mortgage of $2000, to which by 
law, her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Morris, succeed. 
These parents, remembering that their daugh- 
ter once offered this mortgage as a loan with- 
out interest for the completion of the chapel, 
and believing that it is a sacred trust, have 
been led lo offer the money to the chapel, on 
condition that the balance required for the pro- 
posed addition be raised, so that no debt remain 
after the completion. The whole cost of the 



44 THE HOLLOND CHAPEL 

addition is estimated not to exceed $4,500." 
The offer was accepted on the condition pro- 
posed. The work of building the addition was 
commenced May 28, 1875, and pushed forward 
with such vigor that it was completed Septem- 
ber 23rd. Its total cost, including furniture 
and memorial window, was $5,000. The last 
$200.00 of this amount was obtained from a 
concert given by the scholars and some of their 
friends, February 15, 1876 — the second anni- 
versary of the dedication of the chapel. This 
pleasant ' ' upper chamber ' ' has been a great 
blessing. It is specially dear to many of the 
active workers of the church, for in it they 
have had precious and tender revealings of the 
Holy Spirit ; and many of our young people 
have there been inspired to make the first fee- 
ble efforts which have since led them onward 
to splendid Christian usefulness. 

Miss Morris was the sister of Mr. Charles E. 
Morris, and had given valuable service to the 
school. Her memory is perpetuated by a beau- 
tiful tablet on the walls of the room which was 
made possible by the liberality and thoughtful- 
ness of her parents. The beautiful window in 
the east end of the room is also a memorial of 
her. 

Shortly after her death in March, 1875, an 
extended obituary notice, prepared by the Rev. 
H. J. Van Dyke, D.D., of Brooklyn, appeared 



THE HOLLOND CHAPEL 45 

in The Presbyterian, from which the following 
brief extracts are made: 

' ' Her intellect was of a high order and was 
cultivated by habitual reading and study. 
Back of her social qualities, and infinitely 
more precious, there was a deep fountain of 
tenderness, and a well of living water spring- 
ing up to everlasting life. The three charac- 
teristics of her religious life were supreme 
loyalty to Christ, love for the poor and lowly 
for His sake, and an intelligent devotion to 
the Presbyterian Church. These character- 
istics pervaded every part of her nature, and 
became more and more predominant. Her 
love for the poor and lowly was demonstrated 
during the last years of her life in her active 
zeal in connection, first, with the Bethany Mis- 
sion, and afterwards with the HoUond Me- 
morial Chapel. She had no fear of compro- 
mising her character or her position with 
ignorance and poverty. She was as ready to 
sing the songs of Zion in a hovel, or beside 
the bed of a dying child, as in the church or a 
parlor. To win the affectionate confidence of 
a class of rough boys was, in her eyes, a con- 
quest worthy of her accomplishments." 

The chapel remained the property of the old 
Tenth Church until the dissolution of that 
church in 1895, when it became, by gift of the 
mother church, the property of Hollond. The 



46 THE HOLLOND CHAPEL 

expense of maintaining the building was met 
by the Tenth Church, an annual appeal being 
sent to all the members for contributions. 
The following list, accidentally preserved, con- 
tains the names of those who contributed to 
this purpose for the year beginning October i , 
1876, and is here given to show the liberality 
of the members of the Tenth Church to the 
enterprise : 

James Baird, $5.00; Mrs. Bayard, $100.00; 
Dr. Boardman, $25.00; Miss Mary Brown, 
$50.00; Misses Burt, $25.00; Cash, $25.00; 
Miss Chester, $75.00; Proceeds of concert at 
chapel, $72.25; Henry Cowan, $10.00; A. C. 
Craig, $10.00; John Crawford, $1.00; Dr. 
John DeWitt, $15.00 ; Dr. John Dickson,> 
$25.00 ; W. K. DuBois, $10.00 ; W. L. Du- 
Bois, $25.00; Mrs. Z. Gemmill, $10.00; Mrs. 
J. R. Grier, $50.00; Mrs. M. Johnson, $25.00; 
Mrs. J. Kennedy, $2.00; Miss Mary S. Kirke, 
$20.00; Rev. W. W. Latta, $10.00; Mrs. Law, 
$5.00; Margaret MacMullen, $1.00; Mrs. 
Milliken $10.00; P. McBride, $25.00; Charles 
E. Morris, $35.00; Mrs. Penrose, $25.00; Mrs. 
A. K. Pomeroy, $25.00; W.W. Porter, $40.00; 
Mrs. Potts, $5.00; Miss E. Rogers. $2.00; Mrs. 
J. B. Ross, $100 00; Misses Sanford, $10.00; 
Mrs. Savage, $50.00; Miss Mary B. Smith, 
$150.00; Miss Margaret R. Smith, $50.00; 
Tenth Church collection, $125.13; Peter 



THE HOLLOND CHAPEL 47 

Walker, $ro.oo; William Wilson, $50.00; Mr. 
White, $1.00; C. Wurts, $10.00; Young Peo- 
ple's Association of Hollond Chapel, $9.30. 
Total, $1,308.68. 

It should not be forgotten that this Appeal 
was sent out year after year, and always met 
with a generous response. 

The Rev. Frederick B. Duval, a Princeton 
theological student, was in charge of the field 
during the summer of 1874. He returned to 
his studies in the fall. On the 12th of No- 
vember, the Rev. William F. Garrett was or- 
dained in the chapel as an evangelist to labor 
in connection with the mission. The Rev. S. 
W. Dana, D.D., acted as moderator, the Rev. 
William P. Breed, D.D., preached the sermon, 
the charge to the pastor was given by the 
Rev. Dr. Henry A. Boardman, and the address 
to the people by the Rev. J. M. Crowell, D.D. 

In his report to the Tenth Church, May, 
1876, Mr. Garrett thus writes: "The past 
year at the chapel has been one never to be 
forgotten, a year made sacred by the special 
advent and blessing of God in our very midst, 
by large additions to our church, by increased 
attendance at the services, by a quickening of 
Christians, and general interest in matters of 
religion. 

" Preaching services have been conducted 
every Sabbath morning and evening; the aver- 



48 THE HOLLOND CHAPEL 

age attendance in the morning being from two 
hundred and fifty to three hundred, while in 
the evening the attendance at times has num- 
bered over five hundred. One hundred and 
twenty-four persons have united with the 
church. The Young People's Meeting on 
Tuesday evenings has been blessed of God in 
an especial manner, overflowing in attendance, 
and characterized by fervency of spirit and the 
energy of zeal. On Wednesday evenings cot- 
tage prayer-meetings have been held from 
house to house. These meetings are con- 
ducted and sustained by the young men of the 
chapel, who, having formed themselves into a 
band of Christian workers, are unremitting in 
their labors, having held as many as three or 
more meetings during the week. The chapel 
prayer-meeting is held every Friday night. 
We cannot fully know here what the Holy 
Ghost has done for us. Truly enough has 
been accomplished to satisfy and amply repay 
those who, in self-sacrifice, and love to Christ, 
assisted to erect the Hollond Chapel; enough 
has been done to make us thank God and 
take courage." 

In his report made at the same time, Mr. 
Charles K. Morris said: "It has been the 
most eventful year of our history. Never 
could so much be said of God's goodness and 
mercy to us, and we have abundant cause for 



THE HOLLOND CHAPEL 49 

thanksgiving and praise. Earnest prayers 
have been answered, long- cherished hopes real- 
ized, and the blessing richly poured upon us. 
Fifty-nine of our scholars have united with 
our church, and at least a score have joined 
other churches. We exclaim, ' Bless the Lord, 
O my soul, and forget not all his benefits ! ' " 

Mr. Morris also speaks of the good work 
accomplished by the young men's prayer- 
meeting, the cottage prayer-meeting, the moth- 
er's meeting, the young ladies' prayer-meeting, 
teachers' meeting, and the sewing school. In 
1871, the school numbered 260; in 1874, 560; 
and in 1876, 925. In closing his report, Mr. 
Morris said: "When the books shall be 
opened, and every secret thing be made 
known, it will be found that to Dr. Boardman, 
more than to any other human agency, has 
the success and present prosperity of our 
mission been due." 

The officers and teachers of the school at 
the time of this report (May, 1876), were: 
Charles K. Morris, superintendent; William 
L. Cooke and George C. McConnell, asso- 
ciate superintendents ; William W. Porter, 
chorister; Walter K. Maxwell, W. J. Parry, 
Charles T. Cresswell, secretaries; Gustavus. 
Harkness, Washington Freund, Hugh Kay, 
librarians. 

Teachers: William B. Blight, Hon. T. B. 



50 THE HOIvLOND CHAPEL 

Dwight, Hon. John K. Findlay, Mrs. Sarah 
G. Beck, Mrs. Samuel C. Hayes, Miss Eliza- 
beth Potts, Miss Mary Potts, John L. Kugler, 
Miss Mary Irvine, Miss Emma Fithian, Miss 
Sallie Cooke, Mrs. Charles J. Cooke, Samuel 
Cowan, William L. DuBois, Nathan H. 
Jarman, vSamuel M. Kennedy, Henry W. 
Lambirth, John A. Martin, George C. Mc- 
Connell, William H. Sivel, Samuel R. Sharp, 
Mrs. Susan O. Babbitt, Mrs. Mary J. Boyd, 
Miss Sallie Bunting, Miss Bessie Cooke, 
Miss Jennie Cowan, Miss I^izzie Cresswell, 
Miss Ellen Dickinson, Miss Lizzie Dukes, 
Miss Mattie Fisher, Miss Lizzie C. Fithian, 
Miss Mary R. Fox, Miss L. J. Gaskill, Miss 
Sue A. Gaskill, Mrs. Ollie Y. Hamilton, Miss 
Virginia F. Handy, Mrs. Clementine A. 
Harper, Miss Hattie G. Henry, Miss Mary E. 
Hill, Miss Cecelia Hogan. Miss Ella P. Irwin, 
Miss Mary J. Kennedy, MissEllieS. Maxwell, 
Miss Lily M. McBride, Miss Annie J. Mc- 
Cormick, Miss Mary McCormick, Miss Jennie 
C. McKane, Mrs. William E. Morris, Miss 
Helen Parry, Miss Eleanor C. Patterson, Miss 
Lydia S. Penrose, Miss Mary L. Pleasants, 
Mrs. Anna K. Pomeroy, Miss Kate E. Reese, 
Miss Elizabeth Rivell, Miss Eliza R. Sharp, 
Miss Margaret R. Smith, Miss Lucie Stitt, 
Miss Addie L. Stewart, Mrs. John L. Stewart, 
Miss Annie Weaver. 



THE HOLLOXD CHAPEL 51 

Mr. Garrett resigned in the spring of 1878, 
and was succeeded by the Rev. J. Henry 
Sharpe, D.D. 

Soon after this the school was called upon 
to sustain one of the most serious losses that 
could possibly come to it — the removal by 
death of its beloved superintendent, Mr. 
Charles E. Morris. 

Dr. Louis F. Benson, his brother-in-law, 
thus writes of this untimely event: "His 
robust system had never wholly recovered 
from the effects of an attack of typhoid fever, 
and finally, after a hard battle, with the in- 
domitable bravery of his spirit, it succumbed 
to the hand of disease; and in the endurance 
of pain and weakness, such as only he fully 
realized, his great soul went home by the 
thorny road of suffering, whereupon were the 
footprints and the helping hand of his Master. 
He died at seven o'clock on the morning of 
Monday, the loth of February, 1879, at his 
residence in Spruce street, having been con- 
fined to his bed only since the Saturday 
evening preceding." 

In his successor, Mr. Robert C. Ogden, the 
school was exceptionally fortunate in finding 
one whose practical experience, ripe judgment, 
and large-hearted liberality specially fitted him 
for so important a position. Under his wise 
superintendency, continued for a period of 



52 THE HOLLOND CHAPEI. 

nearly twenty years, the school steadily ad- 
vanced in numbers and io usefulness. 



FAITH MISSION 

The cottage prayer-meetings and other mid- 
week meetings which had been carried on so 
successfully by the young men of Hollond 
during the winter of 1875-6, had results little 
dreamed of at the time. As usual with all 
true spiritual service, not only were others 
helped but the workers themselves were in- 
spired with fresh missionary zeal to win souls 
for the Master. Three active young men of 
the school felt that there was near at hand a 
wider field of usefulness which they might 
enter. On the 28th of December, 1876, these 
young workers — George C. McConnell, John 
L. Kugler and Edgar A. Leslie — had a meet- 
ing and resolved to canvass the neighborhood 
south of Dickinson street, and east of Broad, 
with a view of establishing a mission. They 
consulted with Mr. H. A. Brainard, an en- 
thusiastic worker who had some experience in 
similar efforts, and from him and others they 
received such encouragement that on the 4th 
of January, 1877, they came before the teach- 
ers of Hollond to ask for their endorsement of 



54 FAITH MISSION 

the movement and for their support in meeting 
the rent of two small rooms at 1639 Passyunk 
avenue, which they had already secured, and 
in which they contemplated organizing a mis- 
sion school. This support being readily and 
heartily promised, the young men went to 
work with a will to get the people of the imme- 
diate neighborhood interested in the move- 
ment, and with such success that when the 
school was opened on the 14th of January 
forty-five scholars and fifteen adults were 
present, eleven of the latter being there to 
engage in the work as teachers. 

It was intended to call the new enterprise 
the Morris Mission, in honor of Mr. ChWles 
E. Morris, but Mr. Morris objecting, the name 
Faith was substituted. The desk used was 
from the old Moyamensing school. 

The school increased to such an extent dur- 
ing the next few Sundays, that at the Febru- 
ary meeting of the Hollond teachers a report 
was made of the over-crowded condition of 
the rooms, and a committee was appointed to 
secure larger accommodations. An eligible site 
for a building was selected on the south side 
of Castle avenue, east of Broad, the price being 
$2,250. The land was taken on ground-rent. 
Hollond at that time not being a corporate 
body, could not take title to the ground but 
this was vested in twelve of the Hollond teach- 



FAITH MISSION 55 

ers who thus became responsible for the prin- 
cipal and interest. The interest, amounting 
to $135.00 annually, was paid from the Hollond 
school fund from May, 1877, to April, 1882, 
when the principal was paid by members of 
the Tenth Church. 

Mr. George C. McConnell, who was devoted 
to the work, as chairman of the committee on 
building purchased at auction sale February 
12, 1877, one of the buildings which had been 
used as police headquarters during the Centen- 
nial. The price paid was $200.00. He went 
immediately after to the law office of Mr. 
Morris, and the following petition was drawn 
up: 

' ' Being assured of the great necessity for 
mission work directly south of the Hollond 
Memorial Chapel, a number of earnest Chris- 
tians, acting under the advice of the teachers 
of our Hollond Memorial School, have organ- 
ized a school to be known as Faith Mission. 
The enterprise has in attendance exceeded our 
expectations, and has made it necessary that 
we should have a building better suited to our 
wants. We have therefore purchased a frame 
building, 36 by 70 feet, which will be erected 
on Castle avenue, below Broad street, and will 
cost, when completed, from $700.00 to $800.00. 
In bringing this work to the attention of our 
friends, we hope that many will feel willing to 



56 FAITH MISSION 

aid us in the effort to establish a Presbyterian 
enterprise in a locality where it is greatly 
needed." 

To this appeal Mr. Morris was the first sub- 
scriber, and before noon the next day Mr. Mc- 
Connell had succeeded in raising enough money 
to meet the first cost of the building. The ex- 
penditure, including the original cost, removal, 
erection on the new site, and general fitting 
up, was $1,861.94, nearly all of which, owing 
to the indefatigable efforts of Mr. McConnell, 
who was heartily assisted by the officers and 
teachers of Hollond, was paid within a year. 
The entire amount was paid in 1879. The 
teachers themselves gave much time and labor 
to make the building attractive and comfort- 
able. 

It was long the custom of Hollond to march 
up to the old Tenth Church on " Anniversary 
Day." In May, 1877, "Little Faith also 
marched up for the first time and from the 
gallery seats captured the hearts of all present 
by their enthusiastic singing of ' A better day 
is coming.' " 

In his printed report of the two schools — 
Hollond and Faith — in May, 1878, Mr. Morris 
said: "Faith Mission is in reality a part of the 
work of the Hollond Memorial School." The 
officers and teachers at this time were: Super- 
intendent, George C. McConnell; associate. 



FAITH MISSION 57 

John L,. Kugler; secretaries, Edgar A. Leslie 
and Jay F. Bryant; librarians, Joseph Young 
and George Taylor; teachers, Miss Emma 
Bryant, Miss Kate Roberts, Miss Maggie 
Henry, Mrs. L,. Gibson, Miss A. J. Markfield, 
Miss Eizzie Osmond, Miss Lizzie Orr, Miss 
Mary Parvin, Miss Annie R. Patterson, Miss 
Minnie Sherwood, H. A. Brainard, Charles A. 
Chew, Charles Cook, George Douglass, W. 
H. Lamb, A. W. Martin, Charles A. Oliver, 
Samuel Patrick and Samuel Williamson. Six- 
teen of these were from Hollond. Mr. Mc- 
Connell held the position of superintendent 
until his removal to San Francisco in 1884. 

The new building was dedicated May 13th, 
1877, at 4 o'clock, P. M. Addresses were 
made by Dr. Henry A. Boardman, Dr. John 
DeWitt, Rev. W. F. Garrett, Dr. J. Henry 
Sharpe, Hon. W. S. Pierce and Mr. Charles E. 
Morris. 

In the spring of 1883 the mission was or- 
ganized into the South Broad Street Presby- 
terian Church, and the Rev. J. C. Thompson, 
D.D., who had been successfully laboring in 
the field since 1880, was installed as the first 
pastor. In 1884 the organization was merged 
with and became known as the Scots Presby- 
terian Church. In 1888 the united congrega- 
tions erected on the southeast corner of Broad 
street and Castle avenue one of the prettiest 



58 FAITH MISSION 

church buildings in the city. The old chapel 
is still in use as a Sunday-school room. Under 
the pastoral care of the Rev. George Handy 
Wailes, who was installed in 1897, this pros- 
perous church is doing a noble work for the 
Master. The Hollond Church takes a pardon- 
able pride in its advancement and prays for it 
the Father's richest blessings. 



>.\V\U///, 



A PASTOR'S RECOIvLECTlONS 

[In the following paper the Rev. J. Henry Sharpe, 
D.D., now pastor of the West Park Church, Philadel- 
phia, has kindly written of his connection with the 
Hollond field; and also of his impressions of some of 
the workers] : 

At the Christmas holidays of 1870, Mr. 
John Wanamaker was unable to keep his en- 
gagement to speak at the festival of the 
Sabbath- school of the Wharton Street Church, 
of which I had recently become pastor, but he 
recommended in his place Mr. Charles K. 
Morris, a young lawyer, then in charge of a 
Bible class in the Bethany school. As a young 
pastor, the impression made on me by Mr. 
Morris' address on that occasion was strong 
and vivid; it abides with me to this day as 
characteristic of the vigorous and magnetic 
qualities I afterward learned to appreciate so 
highly by personal association with him in 
Sabbath-school work. He illustrated the moral 
of his address by the story of a boy who was 
following his father by treading closely in his 
footsteps through a blinding snow-storm at 
night. He was tempted to turn aside, thereby 



6o A PASTOR'S RECOIvI^ECTIONS 

floundering into a deep drift from which he 
was rescued by his father at the last moment. 
The story was so told that it was impossible 
to forget it or its lessons. From that occasion 
I date my deep admiration for Charles E. 
Morris as the peer of the foremost Sabbath- 
school men 1 have known. 

Another of the future makers and workers 
of Hollond I met two years later on the occa- 
sion of his installation as associate pastor of 
the Tenth Church. On the evening of Janu- 
ary 25th, 1872, being then moderator of the 
Presbytery of Philadelphia, I was invited by 
Dr. Boardman to dine with him and meet his 
associate-elect, Rev. Louis R. Fox, and others, 
and proceed with them to the church at the 
hour of installation. Dr. Boardman preached 
the sermon, Dr. Breed charged the pastor, and 
Dr. Crowell charged the people. It was to me 
a memorable meeting with two men, a father 
and a brother, with both of whom I was 
thenceforward to sustain the most agreeable 
relations; becoming, in time, to be the asso- 
ciate of the one and the successor of the other. 

A still later contact with these three strong 
friends of Hollond — Dr. Boardman, Mr. Fox 
and Mr. Morris — was in a friendly difference 
of opinion as to the wisdom of fixing the site 
of the proposed Hollond Memorial at Twelfth 
and Wharton streets, within three squares of 




Rev. J. Henry Sharpe, D. D. 



A PASTOR'S RECOLLECTIONS 6r 

the Wharton Street Church. The Moyamen- 
sing Mission was first in the general field, and 
so had a show of right to occupy any site 
within it. The Presbytery, however, sided with 
the protest of the Wharton Street Church, so 
the Tenth Church sold its lot and selected the 
present location of the Hollond Chapel. In 
the light of subsequent events, all concerned 
now see in this change of plan an overruling 
providence, without which the wonderful after 
development of the project could scarcely have 
been possible. 

It was a long step nearer Hollond when the 
session of the Tenth Church, in the autumn 
of 1874, extended to me an invitation to be- 
come the associate and assistant of Dr. Board- 
man, after the retirement of Mr. Fox from 
that position. In the meanwhile, the Hollond 
Chapel had been reared, and under the able 
leadership of Mr. Morris, sustained by the 
hearty co-operation of both the pastors of the 
parent church, and under the immediate minis- 
try successively of Mr. Duval and Mr. Garrett, 
who had charge of the chapel services of wor- 
ship, a large and growing school and also a 
large and growing congregation were estab- 
lished. The prosperity of the mission pres- 
ently became a source of embarrassment, as it 
brought to consideration the propriety of sepa- 
rate and independent organization as a church. 



62 • A PASTOR'S RECOLLECTIONS 

It was natural that there should be honest and 
earnest differences of opinion on this subject. 
In his impassioned advocacy of what manifestly 
was premature as to time, ways, and means, 
Mr. Garrett withdrew from the mission and 
many of his sympathizers were ready to do the 
same. It was at this critical juncture of the 
history of Hollond that my own relations with 
it became most intimate. 

I had been associate pastor with Dr. Board- 
man for nearly two years, when he felt con- 
strained to resign his pastorate of more than 
forty years of continuous service. I presented 
my own resignation at the same time, and 
shortly afterwards accepted charge of the 
Gethsemane Mission of the Bethany Church 
at Point Breeze. Rev. Dr. John DeWitt be- 
came the successor of Dr. Boardman, and, like 
him, took a deep interest in the welfare of the 
Hollond Chapel. 

When the vexed problem of independent 
organization at Hollond arose, as it did a year 
or so later, and Mr. Garrett had withdrawn, it 
was thought by Mr. Morris and his fellow 
teachers that one who understood the situation 
so thoroughly as I did might be helpful; ac- 
cordingly the Tenth Church session, on peti- 
tion of Mr. Morris and his corps of helpers, 
extended a call to me to come to the chapel as 
minister in charge. 



A PASTOR'S RECOLLECTIONS 63 

My acceptance and installation (the latter 
taking place March 24th, 1S78 — Drs. DeWitt, 
Dulles and Crowell participating) brought me 
once more into fellowship with the Tenth 
Church flock, and especially with its earnest 
and enthusiastic group of workers at the 
Hollond Chapel. My providential relations 
were such as permitted and enabled me to do 
something in promoting mutual good under- 
standing between the mother church and the 
mission. The question of organization was 
kept in abeyance, and the wisdom of this was 
seen in the rapid subsequent growth of both 
the school and the congregation worshipping 
in the chapel. 

It was during this period that I was thrown 
into intimate association with Mr. Morris, the 
soul of the new Harriet Hollond Chapel. He 
had a large and thoroughly devoted company 
of co-laborers, and with their help he laid 
broad and deep foundations for the future. 
He builded better than he knew, for even he 
in those days had no vision of the great and 
grand church which was so soon to rise upon 
them. At the head of the whole enterprise, 
gathering about him kindred enthusiastic help- 
ers, proposing and promoting every means to 
develop the usefulness of the mission, devising 
and co-operating with the establishment of 
Faith Mission, to the southward, for the over- 



64 A PASTOR'S RECOLLECTIONS 

flow of the surplus energy and enterprise of 
the prosperous Hollond school and congrega- 
tion, he made full proof of his calling and 
lifted the Hollond Memorial from obscurity to 
be one of the foremost as well as most promis- 
ing fields in the southern section of the city. 

As I review the past, it seems almost incredi- 
ble that so much was accomplished under his 
brief administration. He was not spared to 
build on his own foundation or to reap where 
he had sowed, but the success of his labors 
was such that even he could nob resist the 
lesson of expansion and manifest destiny. 
What he might have done had he lived out 
"the residue of his years," we shall never 
know. His work was limited to foundation 
laying, but therein he proved himself a master- 
builder. Before his seemingly untimely death 
he foresaw that Hollond could not remain a 
mission and must become a church. Had he 
lived he would doubtless have become a fore- 
most spirit in converting the noble chapel into 
the nobler church and in consecrating it to 
the beneficent future, on which already it has 
so largely entered. 

God called him away to an early reward, 
and those of us who were then identified with 
the mission were left broken-hearted, leader- 
less and almost hopeless. But God never calls 
away one workman before he has another 



A PASTOR'S RECOLLECTIONS 65 

ready to take up his work. Mr. Morris was 
followed by Mr, Robert C. Ogden, who, though 
a recent resident of the city, had been trained 
in similar work in Brooklyn and brought the 
best methods of enlarged business and philan- 
thropic experience to the wide and promising 
field of the HoUond Memorial Mission, The 
result was inevitable, if not immediately mani- 
fest. The prosperity of the enterprise ren- 
dered it impossible that it should remain a 
mission, and in due season the parent church 
not only acquiesced in the separate organiza- 
tion of the Hollond Memorial Church, but be- 
stowed on the daughter her hearty benediction 
in her independent establishment. 

But before this was accomplished, the prob- 
lems of the early transition period were too 
various and trying for a pastor who was bound 
by his office to be a mediator rather than an 
advocate for either side. In withdrawing from 
the Hollond Mission (Dec. 5th, 1880), I ex- 
changed fields with another worker who was 
destined to remain with the Hollond Memorial 
for nearly a score of years thereafter. Rev. 
Dr. J. R. Miller, who had long been the hon- 
ored pastor of Bethany, was then the tempor- 
ary supply of the West Park Church, which 
called me to its pastorate. Beginning each his 
new work within a few days of the other, it 
has been my privilege to look on and witness 



66 A PASTOR'S RECOLI.ECTIONS 

the wondrous growth of Hollond under the 
pastorate of Drs. Paden and Miller, and the 
superintendency of Messrs. Ogdcn and Cooke, 
and to rejoice in the ever-increasing prosperity 
of her whose praise is in all the churches. 
Though Morris and Ogden, and Paden and 
Miller are withdrawn, Martin and Overman, 
Cooke and Walker, and a goodly host of 
others, both men and women, remain — some 
of them unfaltering supporters of the work 
since the old Moyamensing days, their youth 
renewed with the immortal vigor of the new 
Hollond. It is the prayer alike of the old 
friends of Hollond and of the new, that " the 
glory of this latter house shall be greater than. 
the former! " 



The session of the Tenth Church took the 
following action on Mr. Sharpe's resignation: 
" (i). In accepting with great regret the 
resignation of Mr, Sharpe we desire to give 
expression to our sense of the great loss which 
the work at the Harriet Hollond Chapel will 
sustain in his removal. (2). We note also 
the great ability and fidelity with which Mr. 
Sharpe has carried forward his labors, and 
record our gratitude to God for the success 
which has followed them." 

H. P. F. 



HOLIvOND CHURCH ORGANIZED 

We now enter upon the more modern era of 
our history — the era of church organization 
and of church building. Our foundations had 
been carefully and securely laid along broad 
and far-extending lines. The old Tenth had 
faithfully and lovingly nurtured her child, and 
now that child, in the full bloom of youthful 
vigor, was herself to assume churchly dignity 
and to launch forth as an independent organ- 
ization — independent, yet clinging with never- 
ceasing trust and affection to the dear old 
mother church through which she had had her 
being, and from which, to the very last, she 
continued to receive direct and practical evi- 
dences of love and confidence. 

As has already been shown, earnest men and 
women had made many personal sacrifices in 
order that the work might go on, and in its 
ever-increasing prosperity they had found 
much of encouragement and cheer. Now new 
leaders were to come to the front and to see to 
it that there should be no backward steps 
taken, no falling away from the high standards 



68 HOLI.OND CHURCH ORGANIZED 

which had been so long maintained. Under the 
inspiration of a Miller, a Paden, an Ogden and 
a Cooke, the youthful church organization was 
to get the mighty impulse which was to sweep 
it from the newest and lowliest to the very 
front ranks of our city churches, and which 
was to raise it from an almost unknown mission 
station to an enviable position of far-reaching 
spiritual power and usefulness. I^oyal men 
and women, many of them already long and 
faithful workers in the field, were to rally with 
renewed zeal about these leaders and to give to 
them the help and encouragement without 
which the ablest must fail. Moses had Aaron 
and Hur to hold up his hands when the battle 
was going against his people, and successful 
men from that day to this have not gained 
their victories by fighting alone, for somewhere 
faithful hearts have struggled for them and 
with them and helped them to the winning. 
Our beloved church has been no exception. 
Our leaders have been successful largely be- 
cause of the brave-hearted workers they have 
had to cheer and to support them. 

Dr. J. R. Miller succeeded Dr. Sharpe. He 
preached his first sermon in the chapel on the 
2d day of January, 1881. His first letter to 
his new charge contained suggestions which 
were faithfully followed, and which not only 
gave to the work many of its distinctive feat- 




Rev. J. R. Miller, D. D. 



HOIylvOND CHURCH ORGANIZED 69 

ures, but were also largely instrumental in 
giving the right impulse to much of its subse- 
quent development. He wrote, in part : 

" You can help to make this chapel a warm, 
loving place, into which the weary, the sor- 
rowing, the poor, the friendless and the stran- 
ger will love to come. It costs but little to be 
kind, to reach out a cordial hand, to speak a 
few welcoming words ; and yet whole families 
have been won by just such simple courtesies 
in church aisles. Do not wait for introduc- 
tions. Those who enter our church doors are 
our guests, and we must make them feel at 
home. 

" I desire to have a place in your confidence, 
and in your affections. The work of a true 
pastor is more, far more, than the faithful 
preaching of the Word. He is a physician of 
souls, and his work must be largely personal. 
I desire, therefore, to become the close, per- 
sonal friend of every one. I invite you to come 
to me freely for counsel and prayer in every 
matter that may concern your spiritual welfare. 
In sickness I want you to send for me. If 
you are in trouble, I claim the privilege of 
sharing it with you. I shall ever have a warm, 
ready sympathy, and a brother's helping hand 
for each of you when any burden presses, or 
any sorrow tries you. And in turn, I ask from 
you continual prayer, large patience, the firm- 



70 HOLLOND CHURCH ORGANIZED 

est, truest friendship, a place in each home and 
heart, and ready co-operation in all the Master's 
work. 

" Shall we not, one and all, sink every per- 
sonal consideration and consecrate ourselves to 
a service for Christ and for souls, which shall 
only cease when we are called home to our rest 
and reward ? ' ' 

This letter, as will be seen, would serve quite 
as fully to sum up Dr. Miller's work at the 
close of his long and helj)ful connection with 
our church as it did to outline it at the begin- 
ning. 

The deep, spiritual current which was to 
flow so long and so prosperously now set in. 
"The people had a mind to work." It soon 
became evident that the time had come to or- 
ganize the mission into an independent church. 
This action was determined upon at a congre- 
gational meeting held in the chapel on Friday 
evening, February 24th, 1882, when, on motion 
of Mr. Charles Hunter, it was 

''Resolved, That a petition be signed by the 
members of the congregation, requesting the 
Presbytery of Philadelphia to grant the request 
for our organization into the Harriet Hollond 
Memorial Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia; 
and that the application be made through the 
session of the Tenth Presbyterian Church." 

The following communication, received 



HOLLOND CHURCH ORGANIZED 71 

through Mr. William I,. DuBois from Dr. 
John DeWitt, pastor of the Tenth Church, was 
read. It is preserved here to show the feeling 
of the mother church in relation to the pro- 
posed action : 

"It is not impossible that I shall be unable 
to attend the meeting of the Hollond Memorial 
congregation on February 24th. If I am not 
there, and it should seem to you to be well to 
say so, please state that I shall bid the new 
church God-speed most heartily ; and that I 
cannot believe that the Tenth Church's inter- 
est in the Hollond Memorial will be diminished 
in the slightest degree by the organization ; on 
the other hand, I believe that that interest will 
be increased." 

A committee, consisting of Messrs. Robert 
C. Ogden, Theodore H. lyoder, Charles Hunter, 
and William h. Cooke, was appointed to rep- 
resent the congregation at the next meeting of 
Presbytery. 

One month later, March 24th, 1882, the 
church was organized by a committee of the 
Presbytery, which consisted of Rev. Willard 
M. Rice, D.D., William L. DuBois and John 
Wanamaker, with General Stewart, John K. 
Findlay and Dr. J. R. Miller as corresponding 
members. The meeting was held in the chapel. 
Dr. Rice presiding. After brief devotional 
exercises, Dr. Miller read the names of the 



72 HOLLOND CHURCH ORGANIZED 

228 members received from the Tenth Church, 
and of the one (Bates J. Griswold) received on 
profession of faith, — a total of 229 members 
for the new HoUond organization. 

The following officers were elected by a ris- 
ing vote : Elders — Robert C. Ogden, William 
L. Cooke, Samuel M. Kennedy, and Theodore 
H. Loder. Deacons — Charles Hunter, Alfred 
Adams, Charles A. Oliver, and Walter W. Rey- 
nolds. Dr. J. R. Miller 'received the unani- 
mous call of the congregation to the pastorate. 
Addresses were made by Dr. Rice, Dr. DeWitt, 
Mr. W. ly. DuBois, General Stewart, Judge 
Findlay, and Mr. John Wanamaker. 

The church had no trustees until January 
5th, 1883, when the following were elected : 
Robert C. Ogden, Theodore H. lyoder, David 
Orr, James C. Taylor, Amos Dotterer, Henry 
A. Walker, John K. Findlay, William L. Cooke 
and James M. Leo. 

The following list contains the names of 
the 229 persons who joined the church at its 
organization : 

Alfred Adams, Mrs. Martha Adams, Miss 
Millie Allen, Mrs. Anna Auld. 

Mrs. Eliza Bell, Miss Ella E Biddle, Mrs. 
Eouisa Bishop, Henry Bowman, Miss Agnes 
Boyd, Mrs. Elizabeth Boyer, Miss Mamie E. 
Brinton, Miss Mattie S. Brinton, H. Ernest 
Brown, Mrs. Lavinia Brown, Miss Mary Bru- 



HOLLOND CHURCH ORGANIZED 73 

lard, Mrs. Martha Bryant, Mrs. Hannah Bry- 
ant, Miss Emma Bryant. 

Miss Mary J. Calder, William F. Campbell, 
Mrs. Anna Campbell, Miss Sadie Campbell, 
Mrs. Eliza Campbell, Miss Jennie Campbell, 
James Carnes, Mrs. Eliza Carnes, John Carson, 
Mrs. Jane Carson, Miss Florence A. Chalker, 
Mrs. M. Chestnut, Charles A. Chew, Miss 
Selena Chew, Miss Nellie Christie, Mrs. Susan 
Coates, Robert H. Cochran, Mrs. M. Cochran, 
Miss Mary J. Colwell, Miss Emma Coogan, 
Miss Mary Coogan, William L. Cooke, Miss 
Bessie Cooke, Miss Josie Cooke, Miss Carrie 
M. Craig, John Crosgrave, Mrs. John Cros- 
grave, Miss Sarah Crosgrave, Miss Jennie Cros- 
grave, Mrs. A. E. Cunningham, Mrs. W. S. 
Cunningham. 

Miss Anna Louise Daly, Miss Priscilla Daly, 
Miss Katie Davis, Mrs. Eizzie Dos Passos, 
George Douglass. 

Frederick Edwards, Mrs. Elizabeth Edwards, 
Mrs. Louisa Edwards, Mrs. Mary Elliott, Mrs. 
Mary Ellis. 

Mrs. A. H. Fillott, Miss Fannie B. Fithian, 
Mrs. Anna Fleming, Miss Mary Fleming, Miss 
Sadie Fleming, Samuel Frame, Mrs. Mary 
Frame, 

Mrs. Annie Gallagher, Mrs. Elizabeth Gam- 
Tjle, Miss Lizzie Gamble, Mrs. Laura Gardner, 
Mrs. Virginia Gardner, Mrs. Emma Gensel, 



74 HOLLOND CHURCH ORGANIZED 

Mrs. Annie Glanding, Mrs. Maria Goodall, 
Miss Mary Gowen, Miss Ida B. Graham, Bates 
J. Griswold. 

Miss Fannie Habich, Mrs. Jane Haff, Miss 
Ella Hall, Mrs. Phoebe Hamilton, Thomas 
Harkness, Mrs. S. Harper, William B. Hens, 
Miss Ella Hook, Miss Lizzie Hulse, Charles 
Hunter, Mrs. Kate Hunter. 

Miss Lulu Jardine, Miss Mary Jones, Miss 
Annie Keller, Samuel M. Kennedy, Mrs. 
Jane Kennedy, Miss ^ary Kennedy, Miss 
Annie Kennedy, Mrs. Jennie Kennedy, William 
P. Kirby, Christian Kleinhenn, Miss Martha 
Klenneck, Charles Kruse, John Kugler, Mrs. 
C. Kugler, Mrs. Kate Kugler. 

Mrs. C. Langman, Mrs. R. Leigh ton, James 
Leo, Charles Lesley, Mrs. K. E. Lesley, Frank 
Lesley, Miss Kate Linsenmeyer, Thomas Little, 
Mrs. Lizzie Little, Theodore H. Loder, Mrs. 
E. H. Loder. 

Miss Jennie Magee, Andrew Martin, Mrs. 
Ida Martin, John Martin, Mrs. Sallie Martin, 
William Matlack, Mrs. Mary E. McAninch, 
Ira B. McCormick, Mrs. Maggie McCormick, 
Mrs. Elizabeth McCoy, Mrs. Susan McFarland, 
Miss Bella McIntire,Miss Bella McKeever, Miss 
Agnes McNevin, Mrs. Margaret Meares, Miss 
Priscilla Meloy, Miss Lottie Milden, Mrs. Louise 
E. Miller, Mrs. Mary V. Mitchell, Fred Mohr, 
Miss Martha Morrow, Miss Lizzie A. Murray. 



HOLLOND CHURCH ORGANIZED 75 

Miss Cora Narrigan, Mrs. Adele Nifenecker. 
Miss Camille Nifenecker, Alexander Nixon, 
Mrs. Eliza Nixon, Miss Mary Nixon, Miss 
Martha Nixon. 

William W. O'Brien, Robert C. Ogden, Mrs. 
Ellen Ogden, Miss Julia T. Ogden, Charles A. 
Oliver, Miss Katie O'Neil, Miss Eizzie Orr, 
Mr. and Mrs. David Orr. 

Miss Mary Parvin, Miss Ridie E. Parvin, 
Miss Kate Parvin, Mrs. Eizzie Pessano, Miss 
E. L. Pinkerton, Miss Eillie Poole, Mrs. Beulah 
Powell, Victor Powers. 

James Radcliffe, Mrs. Charlotte Ramsay, 
Mrs. A. Randolph, William P. Rawlings, 
James Reid, Mrs. Rebecca Reid, Mrs. Margaret 
Reilly, D. R. Reynolds, W. R. Reynolds, W. 
W. Reynolds, D. C. Reynolds, M.D., Mrs. D. 
C. Reynolds, George C. Reynolds, Miss Eaura 
Rhoades, Mrs. Margaret Rhoades, Mrs. R. 
Richards, Mrs. Kate Robinson, Mrs. Jane 
Russell, Robert Russell. 

Mrs. S. A. Scofield, Mrs. Elizabeth Semple, 
Mrs. Sadie Siemen, Miss Sallie Shingle, Miss 
Nellie R. Smith, Mrs. Mary Smith, Mrs. Clara 
Smith, Daniel R. Smith, Mrs. A. Steele, 
George W. Steinbach, Mrs. Margaret Stein- 
bach, Joseph Sterrett, Mrs. Mary Sterrett, 
A. A. Stevenson, JohnW. Stewart, Mrs. JaneS. 
Stewart, Mrs. Margaret Stewart, Miss Mary 
C. Stewart, Miss Martha B. Stewart. 



76 HOLLOND CHURCH ORGANIZED 

Mrs. Mary Tafford, Benjamin Tafford, James 
C. Taylor, Mrs. Kate Taylor, Miss Jeannie 
X. Thompson, Miss W. Trautvetter, Miss 
Annie Trautvetter. 

Miss Katie Vance, Mrs. Mary Voudersmith, 
Miss Mary B. Vondersmith. 

Miss Minnie Wagner, Samuel Walker, Mrs. 
S. J. Walker, Samuel O. Walker, Miss Lucy 
Walker, Mrs. Anna Ware, Mrs Emma War- 
ren, Mrs. Ann J. Waters, Miss Mary Waters, 
Mrs. H. H.Watt, Mrs. H.Webb, J. M. Weiss, 
Mrs. Anna Weiss, Mrs. EHza White, Miss Stella 
White, Mrs. Sarah Wiley, Robert Williamson, 
Mrs. Sarah Williamson, Miss Delia Wilson. 

Mrs. Sophie Young, Mrs. Fanny Young. 
Dr. Miller was installed as the first pastor 
on the 23rd of April, 1882. At the May meet- 
ing of the General Assembly of that year, the 
church reported a membership of 259, and a 
Sunday-school membership of 1024. 

The Hollond Monthly, of February, 1883, 
had this to say of Dr. Miller's second anni- 
versary : "It was a time of thanksgiving, for 
his work has been signally blessed of God. 
Not only are we organized into a church, 
bound more closely together by the bands of 
love and sympathy, and to the Saviour by in- 
creased devotion, but also our number has 
been augmented by the addition of 169 prec- 
ious souls won for Jesus. ' ' 



HOLLOND CHURCH ORGANIZED 77 

On the 3rd of September, 1883, the pastoral 
relation existing between Dr. Miller and the 
church was dissolved, Dr. Miller resigning in 
order that he might give his time more fully 
to the duties connected with his position in 
the editorial department of the Board of Pub- 
lication and Sabbath-school Work, a position 
he had held before and during his pastoral care 
over Hollond. His resignation was regretfully 
accepted. 

The Rev. William M. Paden, who had grad- 
uated from the Princeton Theological Seminary 
in the spring, accepted the call extended to 
him by the church to become its pastor, and 
with consecrated enthusiasm entered upon the 
work October 7th, 1883. He was ordained 
and installed on the 20th of the following No- 
vember. The sermon was delivered by the 
Rev. John S. Macintosh, D.D., the charge to 
the pastor by the Rev. William Brenton Greene, 
D.D., and the charge to the people by the Rev. 
Dr. Miller. 

When Mr. Paden was away the next year, 
on his first vacation. Dr. Miller wrote the fol- 
lowing words of commendation in the Hollond 
Monthly : "Mr. Paden has won the love of all 
hearts. He has become a welcome visitor in 
all the people's homes. His words in the pul- 
pit are listened to with eagerness, and many 
are helped and strengthened by them. His 



78 HOLLOND CHURCH ORGANIZED 

ministrations in the households where sickness 
and sorrow have called him, have been tender 
and consoling. His words spoken by the way, 
have been wise and faithful. It would be hard 
to find a church anywhere more proud of its 
pastor than Hollond." 

Mr. Paden continued to work with marked 
ability and success, but as the field enlarged 
and the outlook grew more and more encour- 
aging, it was felt that na one man could hope 
to meet successfully the demands which such a 
task would impose upon his time and strength, 
so Dr. Miller was cordially invited to assist Mr. 
Paden in the work. Under the title, "A 
Happy Combination," the Hollond Monthly, of 
January, i8S6, thus speaks of this forward 
movement : 

" The heavy pressure of parish work, added 
to the preparations for pulpit duties, have laid 
a heavy burden upon Mr. Paden. Not but 
that he could and would carry it, but the cares 
have become so exacting as to keep him almost 
entirely from that quiet and deliberate study 
which, as a young minister, he deems essential 
to proper growth. This has been a matter of 
conference between him and friends, both 
within and without our church. 

"It is but natural that under these circum- 
stances, the plan of inviting Rev. Dr. Miller 
to associate himself in the pastoral office with 




Rev. William M. Paden, D. D. 



HOLLOND CHURCH ORGANIZED 79 

Mr. Paden should suggest itself to several 
minds simultaneously. The peculiarly happy 
relations existing between the church and both 
its pastors, and the continuance of Dr. Miller 
in the active work of the church and school 
since he retired from the pastorate, added to 
the close personal relations existing between 
the two men, give testimony at once to the 
propriety and success of such a plan, could it 
be adopted. 

" Upon investigation, it has been found in 
every way feasible, and, by the action of the 
session and trustees upon the one part, and 
Dr. Miller upon the other, an arrangement has 
been made whereby he will become immedi- 
ately Mr. Paden's associate in the pastorate of 
the church. The whole arrangement is per- 
vaded by so deep a cordiality, and is evidently 
so much in harmony with a spirit of earnest 
Christian work, that it promises great things 
for the work in Hollond." 

And so, indeed, it proved. Through the 
consecrated and untiring efforts of these de- 
voted men, blessed by God, an era of pros- 
perity was entered upon which soon made the 
work an important centre of Christian use- 
fulness. 



THE BUILDING FUND 

The church, after its organization in 18S2, 
held its services, thanks to the Tenth Church, 
in the chapel, which, however well adapted to 
Sunday-school work, was unsuited to the needs 
of a growing congregation. It soon became 
evident that a new church building was neces- 
sary, and plans were at once instituted to raise 
money for that purpose. As early as Novem- 
ber of the same year, the following announce- 
ment appeared in the Hollond Monthly: "Our 
'Brick Fund,' which is the Sunday-school 
work for the future church building, now 
amounts to $898.76." 

The next month a "Children's Parlor Fair" 
was held by Miss Helen Ogden, and in 
April, 1883, a "Japanese Tea Party" was 
given. At the business meeting of the con- 
gregation on the 2ist of January, 1884, Mr. 
William I,. Cooke, the treasurer, announced 
" a balance on hand of above $1,200 belonging 
to the Church Building Fund, the result of 
the ' Brick Books,' the ' Children's Parlor 
Fair,' held by one of the scholars at her 



THE BUILDING FUND 8i 

home, and the 'Japanese Tea Party.' I^ittle 
Margaretta Morris' two dollars, given at 
Christmas, has been made a nest egg for 
'The Hollond,' as that was the object to 
which she in love gave it." 

Miss Ogden afterwards became one of our 
most efficient teachers. As the wife of Mr, 
Alexander Purves, also a former Hollond 
teacher and now treasurer of the Hampton 
Institute, Virginia, she is in a position to 
render much valuable service to the great 
educational institution of which her father, 
Mr, Robert C. Ogden, is the president. The 
" little Margaretta Morris" referred to is now 
a beloved teacher in our school. She was the 
only child of Mr, Charles E. Morris, and it is 
with special pride and pleasure that we find 
her giving much of her time to the work to 
which her father was so devotedly attached, 
and in which her mother has been so long and 
so helpfully engaged as a teacher. 

On Sunday, June 15th, 1884. the importance 
of a new building was brought directly to the 
attention of the people, and in the giving that 
followed there were many touching evidences 
of the devotion of all to the work. Through 
subscriptions received that day from the church 
and the school, the fund was increased to 
$7,178.21. This sum, with $5,000 from the 
estate of the late Rev. Henry A. Boardman, 



82 THE BUILDING FUND 

D.D., was sufficient to pay for the land, with 
quite a little sum left over for the building. 
Soon after, the lot on the south-east corner of 
Broad and Federal streets was purchased — Mr. 
Amos Dotterer, a trustee, advancing $3,600, 
Mr. W. Iv. Cooke $1,400 and Miss L,. S. Penrose 
$i,coo, until the subscriptions should be paid 
in. These subscriptions were nearly all paid 
before the close of the yqar. 

The purchase of the lot was an important 
forward movement, and greatly increased the 
interest of the congregation in the work. The 
fund continued to grow. A "Garden Party" at 
Mr, William I,. Cooke's was highly successful; 
the Mite Society, of which Miss lyydia S. Pen- 
rose was the president, was organized about 
this time and was of material help; a contri- 
bution was received through Mr. James Whyte, 
a valued teacher, from the Sunday-school of 
Ayr, Scotland; Chinamen in San Rafael, Cali- 
fornia, " out of their poverty found something 
to send as a kindly response to a gift pre- 
viously sent to them from Hollond; " the An- 
sonia Clock Company and the New Haven 
Clock Company sent contributions through 
Benjamin J. Cooke, a scholar in Professor 
Edward MacHarg's class ; members of the 
Tenth Church made liberal subscriptions ; 
many friends manifested their interest by 
substantial donations; and, best of all, the 



THE BUILDING FUND 83 

people themselves, by far the larger number 
being poor or in moderate circumstances, made 
splendid sacrifices in order that the needed 
funds might be obtained. 

We have spoken only of some of the begin- 
nings; it would be difficult to mention all 
the sources through which assistance came at 
various times. To those familiar with these 
anxious days of preparation it seems as if 
human love and self-denial were intertwined 
with every stone and added to the sacred- 
ness of every portion of the beautiful struc- 
ture which has since been erected to the glory 
of God and for the advancement of his kingdom 
here among men. It was almost a literal re- 
production of the golden time of Isaiah when, 
"They helped every one his neighbor; and 
every one said to his brother, ' Be of good cour- 
age! ' " Brave-hearted boys and girls, striving 
to make meager salaries meet life's necessities, 
denied themselves that the work might go on; 
toil-worn men and women, struggling with the 
grave problems of existence, forgot themselves 
and their needs in their devotion to the general 
good; followers of many creeds, with disinter- 
ested generosity, helped to make the burdens 
lighter; and natives of many lands, by their 
practical sympathy and aid, attested the 
brotherhood of man. Is it any wonder, 
then, that we now glory in the freedom of 



84 THE BUILDING FUND 

our pews, and welcome all visitors, without 
regard to race, creed, or social condition, to 
share with us in the privilege of worshipping 
God in our temple beautiful ! 

Among the friends of the church who gave 
$250.00 and over to the Building Fund and 
whose names do not appear on our list of 
members, are the following: Mrs. Gustavus 
Benson, $500.00; Col. R.^Dale Benson, $500.00; 
John S. Bispham, $250,00; John H. Converse, 
$500.00; Robert Creswell, $500.00; Miss Cres- 
well, $300.00; A. Boyd Cummings, $5,000,00; 
Thomas Dolan, $500.00; William L. DuBois, 
$[,000.00; W.W. Frazier, $500.00; Mrs. Louis 
R. Fox, $[,000.00; B. W. Greer. $50000; 
George Griffiths, $500.00; Mrs. Charles E. 
Morris, $4,000; Jonathan Ogden, $500.00; 
Mrs. Slaymaker, $500.00; Estate of Miss Mar- 
garet Smith, $500.00; James Spear, $500.00; 
Charles N. Thorpe, $500.00; R. S. Walton, 
$650.00; Thomas B. Wanamaker, $2,500; 
John Wanamaker, $5,000.00. 

In his ninth anniversary sermon, delivered 
in the chapel on Sunday morning, October 2d, 
1892, Dr. Paden thus spoke of some of the 
early plans for the new building: 

" My best conceptions of the mission of this 
church have come out of the development of 
the church itself. When I came here nine 
years ago, I had no overmastering desire to 



THE BUII.DING FUND 85 

enter upon the work of building a new church. 
I thought the chapel quite equal to the field; 
when I found out better, my first thought was 
to compromise with the Lord, and advocate 
the building of a little church against the 
chapel. It would cost less and save time, 
said Prudence. But the lyord checkmated 
that scheme by refusing to interfere with the 
blacksmith shop on an adjoining lot. He 
probably knew that it was a better place for a 
blacksmith shop than for a church. Then we 
said: It's expensive — too expensive; but per- 
haps we would better buy the Broad street 
property; there is nothing to hinder us from 
building an inexpensive church, even if we are 
obliged to build it on a costly lot. We set out 
to build a thirty-thousand dollar church. We 
soon found, however, that we could not build 
a church that would suit the field, even on 
paper, for thirty thousand dollars. We screwed 
our courage up to the thought of raising forty 
thousand dollars; and a committee was asked 
to look about for a church to suit the field and 
our faith. Meanwhile, our ideas were expand- 
ing, our hearts enlarging, and the resources 
and responsibilities of the young church be- 
coming more evident. As one of the conse- 
quences, the committee came back with some 
of the disillusionment a mother experiences 
when she goes to the store one of these autumn 



86 THE BUILDING FUND 

days with her strapping fifteen-year-old boy. 
She takes money to pay for a boy's suit, and 
finds out that nothing will suit him but men's 
styles and sizes. So our committee came back, 
saying: We cannot build a church of the size 
and sort we need for the Hollond force and 
field for forty or fifty thousand dollars. They 
thought it might be done for sixty-five or 
seventy thousand, without trimmings ; but, 
what was more to the point, they were ready, 
and they found the trustees ready, and the 
trustees found you ready, to undertake the 
building of the best church we could plan for 
the force and the field, whatever the cost. In 
all this I believe the I^ord has directed our 
steps. He has directed us in our delays. He 
has directed us in the development of our 
ideas; and if we have done wrong in going 
beyond the forty-thousand dollar limit, the 
lyord has already given us double for all such 
sins. He has given us eighty thousand dollars, 
and we have every sign of his continued 
favor. ' ' 

The trustees, under the inspiring leadership 
of Mr. Ogden, and helped and encouraged 
always by the pastors, gave the most pains- 
taking and unwavering oversight to the many 
serious and perplexing problems which so con- 
stantly confronted them at this period. With 
a faithfulness worthy of the highest commen- 



THE BUILDING FUND 



87 



dation, and with a devotion which should 
never be forgotten, they sought to the utmost 
of their abihty to secure the plans of a build- 
ing which would combine beauty and comfort 
with churchly dignity and durability, and 
which would be in every way worthy of the 
commanding position it was to occupy. In 
this, as events proved, they were signally 
successful. 




THE NEW BUILDING 

The ground for the new building was broken 
by Mr. William E. Cooke, chairman of the 
building committee, at 5 o'clock Wednesday 
afternoon, October 23, 18S9. Drs. Paden and 
Miller, Dr. William Brenton Greene, Jr., pastor 
of the old Tenth Church, and Mr. Robert C. 
Ogden, also took an active part in the service. 
Soon after, the cellar was dug and the heavy 
foundation walls placed in position. 

On Saturday afternoon, May 31, 1890, the 

corner-stone was laid by Dr. J. R. Miller, with 

impressive ceremonies, in the 

CORNER- presence of a large gathering of 

LAYING happy people. Dr. Paden made 

a brief address of welcome. 

Dr. William Hutton offered a prayer. Dr. 

J. C. Thompson read the scriptures (i. 

Peter, 2 : 1-9), Mr. Robert C. Ogden made 

a "statement of progress," Dr. William 

Brenton Greene, Jr., delivered an address. 

Dr. Paden announced the contents of the 

box to be placed in the corner-stone, the 

stone was laid by Dr. Miller with prayer. 




HoLLOND Memorial Churc> 



THE NEW BUILDING 89 

Dr. Charles A. Dickey made an address, 
and Dr. Willard M. Rice pronounced the 
benediction. 

The following articles were placed in the 
box : 

Bible; Confession of Faith and Shorter Cate- 
chism; Book of Worship of Hollond Sunday- 
school; programme of the ground-breaking of 
the building; Memorial of Charles E. Morris; 
short history of the church ; programme of 
the laying of the corner-stone; Westminster 
Teacher; "In His Steps," by Dr. Miller; 
bronze medal of the Centennial General As- 
sembly; medal of the Centenary of Presby- 
terianism in the United States; rules of the 
Ministering Ten and of the King's Daughters, 
with the talent envelope used by Dr. Miller's 
Sunday-school class in collecting for the build- 
ing fund; description of work at Hollond, by 
Dr. W. M. Paden, as given at the Buffalo Con- 
vention; roll of officers and teachers of the 
Sunday-school; constitution and roll of officers 
of Young People's Association; roll of officers 
of missionary societies; roll of officers of the 
church; prayer-meeting topic card; brick book 
collection envelope; American flag; postal card 
and stamps; Presbyterian Journal; The Presby- 
terian; New York Observer; Sunday School 
Times; The Independent, four copies, contain- 
ing a full discussion of the Revision question; 



go THE NEW BUILDING 

morning and afternoon papers, and the Ledger 
almanac. 

Dr. Paden, in concluding the reading of the 
list, said, " Many of these are small things, 
but as the mark of the bird's wing in the sand- 
stone has made history so may some of these 
little things." 

At a meeting of the congregation held 
on Monday evening, February 13, 1893, to 
pass upon 'the series of resolu- 
tions presented for consideration 
relative to the system to be 
adopted in reference to sittings 
in the new church when it should be com- 
pleted, it was heartily and unanimously re- 
solved that all the seats should be absolutely 
free and unassigned. This had been the policy 
of the church from its organization. 

The following article, from the pen of Dr. 
Miller, appeared in the New York Evangelist^ 
on the 23d of the same month. It admirably 
presents the case in all its bearings : 

"The subject of 'free pews' has excited 
considerable interest in this city as well as 
elsewhere during the past year. Reference 
has already been made in this correspondence 
to the Hollond Memorial Church, as being 
thoroughly committed to this plan of support 
and benevolence. During the twelve years of 
its history it has worked along this line with 



THE NEW BUILDING 91 

constantly improving results and with growing 
satisfaction among its people. 

" Mr. Robert C. Ogden has been identified 
with this church from the beginning as super- 
intendent of the Sabbath-school, elder, and 
president of the board of trustees. Mr. Og- 
den's views on the subject of ' free pews' are 
well known, especially through his admirable 
address on the subject a year ago, which was 
published by the Fleming H. Revell Company, 
and has had a wide sale. 

" The Hollond Church system is not only 
no pew rents, but no pledges of any sort. En- 
velopes are used, and each member contributes 
each lyord's day, as the Lord has prospered 
him and his own conscience dictates, he and 
the treasurer alone knowing how much he 
gives. 

" The new church building of this congrega- 
tion is approaching completion, and the ques- 
tion has been under consideration, whether the 
pews shall be assigned to families and others, 
by lot or otherwise, or whether no assignment 
whatever shall be made. The subject has had 
patient and careful thought, and has been much 
discussed among the people. The decision has 
been reached that no assignment of any pews 
or sittings shall be made. The whole house 
will be free — as free to the stranger coming 
in any Sunday as to the member who has 



92 THE NEW BUILDING 

been longest in connection with the church. 
"This is practically a new departure, at 
least for Philadelphia; indeed, it is doubtful 
whether any Presbyterian church in the coun- 
try has tried the experiment, and its working 
will be attentively watched by many people. 
The decision of the church on the matter at the 
congregational meeting held on the 13th inst. 
was unanimously made. The people them- 
selves settled it without any urging or per- 
suading by any advocate whatever. The feel- 
ing is that any assignment of pews, however 
qualified, would be an encroachment on the 
absolute freeness of the church, which must be 
maintained as a cardinal principle of its organ- 
ization and system. As a matter of fact, there 
is no doubt that most of the families and mem- 
bers will practically settle down in a little 
while into certain pews, where they will habit- 
ually sit. But as there has been no assignment 
of the pews, no one can assert a claim to any 
sitting, however long he may have occupied it. 
No person coming into the church at any time 
and having been shown into a pew, need fear 
that he is in any other person's place, for no- 
body will have a place which is his own. Re- 
spect will, of course, be paid by regular wor- 
shippers to the preferences and habits of fellow- 
worshippers. The ushers, too, will regard the 
desires of families and individuals as far as pos- 



THE NEW BUILDING 93 

sible, not putting strangers into pews which 
thej' know to be ordinarily occupied by mem- 
bers, unless it be necessary to do so. Then it 
is to be hoped that the spirit of hospitality will 
be so thoroughly developed and so practically 
dominant that they will think always of others, 
not of themselves, taking the place of hosts in 
the house of God, not of guests, and giving to 
any one who enters the door a true vi^elcome in 
the name of the I^ord. For, after all, whatever 
the method of church support, and whatever 
the manner of distributing the worshippers in 
the pews, the members of the church are re- 
sponsible for the character of the welcome 
given to strangers. In a free pew, as well as 
in one rented at the highest price, an occupant 
can freeze a visitor by a look, if the inhospit- 
able spirit be in his heart. The only way to 
make a church with free pews and unassigned 
sittings, or any other church, a place where 
anybody will feel at home, is to have the spirit 
of love, the mind of Christ, ruling among the 
people." 

Many causes combined to prevent the com- 
pletion of the building at as early a date as had 
been anticipated, and the trustees 
were often compelled to have re- 

DEDICATION , ,, • -, . , • 

course to wise and masterly in- 
activity." The work, however, 
though slow at times and often delayed, was 



94 THE NEW BUILDING 

done thoroughly. At length, to the great joy 
of all, there came 

" A day in goMen letters to be set 
Among the high tides of the calendar," 

when the hopes of the building committee were 
to have glad fruition and the patience of the 
congregation was to be richly rewarded — the 
eventful day of occupancy, Monday, October i6, 
1893! 

On Sunday, October 15, the last preaching 
services were held in the chapei. Heaven 
never gave to earth a more beautiful day. 
The room was crowded. In the morning Dr. 
Miller preached from the texts: ''Remember 
the words of the Lord Jesus, hozv he said, It is 
more blessed to give than to receive. Acts 2c: 
35; ''Remember the word unto thy se?vant, 
7ipon which thou hast caused me to hope^ Ps. 
119: 49. 

In speaking of those who once were with us, 
he said: "They labored, suffered and died 
before they saw the finished work. They did 
their part, and passed to their reward; the 
work has fallen to us. Their hands are folded 
now, but we must not fold our hands until our 
work is done." 

In the evening Dr. Paden preached from 
Ezekiel 3: 12, " I heard behind me a voice of a 
great rushing, saying, Blessed be the glory of 
the Loid from his place. ^^ The sermon v\as 



THE NEW BUILDING 95 

largely made up of readings from reminiscent 
letters written by those who had long labored 
for the church. The benediction was pro- 
nounced at five minutes of nine o'clock, and 
at 9.23 the last lingering worshipper had de- 
parted, the lights were extinguished, and the 
building was left alone with its memories. It 
continues to be used for Sabbath-school and 
prayer-meeting purposes. 

On the next evening, Monday, October i6th, 
the dedicatory services, which were delight- 
fully helpful and interesting, commenced in 
the new church and continued throughout the 
week. At his own request, the beautiful plants 
with which the building was decorated were 
contributed by a member of the Roman Catho- 
lic Church. The pulpit Bible also was pre 
sented by a friend of the Roman Catholic 
Church " as a mark of his appreciation of the 
kindness members of Hollond had shown to 
him and his family." The communion table 
was a gift from Mr. John D. McCord. 

The first sermon was by Dr. Miller, and his 
text was from Heb. 13: 8, *' Jesus Christ the 
same yesterday, and to-day, and for ever^ 
" That name," said Dr. Miller, " is far 
above all others for salvation, for help, for 
comfort, for refuge. In the hour of tempta- 
tion it is a name of strength ; in the hour of 
trouble, of need, of pain, it is a name of hope. 



96 THE NEW BUILDING 

Compared to it all other names fade as the stars 
before the sun. Christ in his person is always 
the same. Before his incarnation, as now, 
he felt the same ardent love for sinners on 
earth. He is the same to the world ; no man 
spake as this man ; His words are eternal. 
He is the same ; unchangeable ; in redemption 
the light of the cross shines down through all 
ages. Men may come and go, but Jesus Christ 
is the same yesterday, to-day and forever." 

Addresses were made by ex-Mayor Edwin S. 
Stuart and Mr. R. C. Ogden. Tuesday even- 
ing was devoted to the interests of the Chris- 
tian Endeavor Society. Addresses were made 
by Dr. William M. Paden, G. S. Benson, 
Esq.. and the Rev. J. T. Beckley, D. D., pas- 
tor of the Beth-Eden Baptist Church. Mr. 
Charles A. Hoehling was installed as presi- 
dent of the Christian Endeavor Society. Wed- 
nesday evening, there were greetings by the 
Rev. Thomas A. Hoyt, D, D., pastor of 
Chambers Presbyterian Church, and a sermon 
by the Rev. John R. Paxton, D. D., of New 
York. The sermon on Thursday evening, 
was by the Rev. Dr. Charles Cuthbert Hall, 
of Brooklyn. Mr. Leonard E. Auty, the 
famous tenor soloist, sang. The benediction 
was pronounced by Dr. W. C. Cattell. Ad- 
dresses were made on Friday evening by the 
Rev. James D. Paxton, of the West Spruce 




North Rose Window 



THE NEW BUILDING 97 

Street Presbyterian Church, Rev. H. ly. Duh- 
ring, of the Episcopal Church, and the Rev. 
S. W. Dana, D. D., of the Walnut Street 
Presbyterian Church. Mr. Murray Chism 
and his sister sang duets. The church was 
filled to overflowing at every service. The 
weather during the entire week was delightful. 
The dedicatory sermon was preached on 
Sunday morning October 22d, by the Rev. Dr. 
Paden, from the text : " Therefore let no man 
glory hi men. For all things are yours; 
whether Paul, or Apollos, or Cephas, or the 
zvorld, or life, or death, or things present, or 
things to come ; all are yoiirs ; and ye are 
Christ's; and Christ is God's.'' i Cor. 3: 
21-23. Among other things he said: "Par- 
tisanship is carnality, not piety." "When 
will we learn that there is nothing essentially- 
pious either in swearing by or swearing at 
Luther or Loyola, Calvin or Wesley, Spur- 
geon or Newman, or Martineau ? Christianity 
is not loyalty to human leadership, but loy- 
alty to Christ." "Thomas a Kempis, Bun- 
yan, Rutherford and Woolman, do not belong 
to the Catholics, Baptists, Presbyterians or 
Quakers; they belong to us all. All things 
are yours." " This is not the church of St. 
John, or St. Paul, or St. David, much less of 
St. Calvin, or St. Wesley ; it is the church of 
Christ." 



98 THE NEW BUIIvDING 

"A Protestant church? Yes; but Chris- 
tian first, Protestant second. A Presbyterian 
church? Yes; but Christian first, Protestant 
second, and Presbyterian with what is left 
over." "We have at one communion re- 
ceived members by letters from seven different 
denominations. Our enlistments by confession 
come from homes of almost every denomina- 
tional congregation. We receive all alike ort 
the one condition : ' ^aith in the lyord Jesus 
Christ, manifest in Godly sorrow for sin, and 
in a Godly life.' Our question is not. Are 
you a Paulite, or a Methodist, or a Presbyte- 
rian, or a Baptist; but, Do you want to fall in 
with us in our following of Jesus Christ ? You 
can no more keep a man out of Christ's 
Church, for the cut of his theology, than you 
can for the cut of his coat." 

" The Christian Church must be as broad 
as Christendom. Christian character must be 
as broad as life." 

At 2.30 in the afternoon, 1300 out of 1500 
scholars marched from the chapel into the new 
church. After the doxology, the first hymn 
sung was, " Come, Thou Almighty King." 
Addresses were made by Dr. Willard M. Rice, 
R. S. Walton, Esq , and the Hon. George S. 
Graham. Mr. Walton's helpful talk was on, 
"Mind the steps," his three stepping stones 
being, "Be true; be trusty ; be 7ioble." 



THE NEW BUILDING 99 

The closing services of the dedication were 
held in the evening, Dr. Miller presiding. 
The keys were delivered to Mr. Robert C. 
Ogden, chairman of the trustees, by Mr.Wm h. 
Cooke, chairman of the building committee. 
Addresses were made by the Rev. Louis R. 
Fox and the Hon. John Wanamaker. Madame 
Suelke sang, and a congratulatory letter was 
read from the Rev. Wm. Brenton Greene, Jr., 
D. D., who was unable to be present. 

The day, which had been cloudy, ended 
with a down-pour of rain. The church, how- 
ever, was filled to its utmost capacity. 

Mr. William L. Cooke wears on his watch 
chain a highly-prized gold dollar which was 
presented to him during dedication week by 
Dr. Paden. This dollar was given to Dr. 
Paden on the day the ground for the new 
building was broken and is marked with that 
date — " Hollond Memorial, October 23d, 
1889." 

The new church is of noble proportions, and 

is without doubt, the most imposing structure 

of its kind in South Philadelphia. 

THE NEW I'he outer walls, which have 

BUILDING a frontage on Broad street of 

ninety-four feet and a depth of 

one hundred and nine feel on Federal street, 

are constructed of Ohio buff Massilon stone, 

with trimmings of red sand-stone from the 



loo THE NEW BUILDING 

famous Ballochmyle quarries of Scotland, the 
two colors most happily blending. The two 
entrances on Broad street are through vesti- 
bules sixteen feet square, lighted by handsome 
memorial windows. There is also an entrance, 
through a vestibule, on Federal street. The 
roof, which is covered with Roman tiling of 
a bright rich color, forms a most harmonious 
contrast with the walls and is strikingly at- 
tractive. 

A massive stone tower, 150 feet in height, 
adds greatly to the artistic appearance of the 
building, and is one of the most conspicuous 
land-marks on South Broad street. The 
church is cruciform in shape, and of the Ro- 
manesque order of architecture. In its interior 
construction the architect, Mr. David S. Gen- 
dell (assisted by Mr. Thomas Jamieson as 
supervising architect) while yielding to the 
modern demand for a square amphitheatre, 
happily retained all the desirable features of 
an ecclesiastical building, many of which are 
so conspicuously lacking in the churches of the 
present day. 

The heavy oaken pews, beautifully uphol- 
stered, are arranged in semi-circular form, and 
give the church a seating capacity of 1,200. 
The inner roof is of the open timber construc- 
tion, and is finished in oak, as are all of the 
interior decorations. Even the smallest details 



THE NEW BUILDING loi 

of the work bear evidence of beauty, strength, 
and durability. The building is heated by 
steam and lighted by both gas and electricity 
— the latter was used for the first time on 
Sunday evening, July 31st, 1898. The fix- 
tures were made by Cornelius & Rowland 
from specially prepared designs. A comfort- 
able, well-appointed study is at the left of the 
pulpit. 

The following appeared in the Presbyterian 
Observer of February 7th, 1895 : " One of the 
best and latest works of modern architects is 
the Hollond Memorial Church. For harmon- 
ious proportions, intricately carved woodwork, 
rich and suggestive stained glass windows and 
appropriate furnishings, this building is not 
surpassed, and, so far as I know, is unequaled 
in Philadelphia." 

The most earnest and painstaking attention 

was given by the trustees to the windows, 

which represent the supreme 

THE efforts of the best stained-glass 

WINDOWS artists of Philadelphia and New 
York. Tiffany, Armstrong, and 
Godwin have here their finest conceptions 
crystaiized in stone and glass. On every side 
are figures of saints and apostles, angels and 
arch-angels, produced in all the marvellous 
combinations of coloring which have made 
the works of the old masters the wonder 



I02 THE NEW BUILDING 

of succeeding ages. The worshipper whose 
heart is open to the touch of the beautiful here 
gets soul-ennobling sermons other than those 
preached from the sacred desk, and he re- 
ceives benedictions as divine as those from the 
lips of the pastors. Hopeless, indeed, must be 
the lot of him who heedless of the teachings 
of Christ through his ministers, also feels no 
longings for better things when God speaks to 
his innermost being through these matchless 
creations of art. 

In each of the four gables of the church is a 

large rose window, twenty-one feet in diameter. 

Perhaps the most beautiful of 

THE these is the one in the east gable, 

EAST ROSE ,. , , , r i , . 

WINDOW directly back of the pulpit. It 
is a masterpiece of decorative art, 
and cannot fail to excite the admiration of all 
beholders. Over the little oriental town of 
Bethlehem in the center shines out clear and 
bright the Star of the Nativity ; and although 
we cannot see the manger, nor hear the sing- 
ing, we instinctively feel, with Dr. J. G. Hol- 
land, that 

There's a song in the air ! 
There's a star in the sky ! 
There's a mother's deep prayer 
And a baby's low cry ; 
And the star rains its fire while the beautiful 

sing, 
For the manger of Bethlehem cradles a king ! 



THE NEW BUILDING 103 

There's a tumult of joy 

O'er the wonderful birth, 

For the Virgin's sweet boy 

Is the IvOrd of the earth. 
Ay, the star rains its fire, and the beautiful sing. 
For the manger of Bethlehem cradles a king ! 

In the light of that star 

Lie the ages impearled ; 

And that song from afar 

Has swept over the world : 
Every heart is aflame, and the beautiful sing, 
In the homes of the nations, that Jesus is king ! 

We rejoice in the light, 

And we echo the song 

That comes down through the night 

From the heavenly throng. 
Ay, we shout to the lovely evangel they bring, 
And we greet in his cradle our Saviour and 

King! 

In four of the sixteen segments which radiate 
from the center, are flame colors that represent, 
or rather suggest, the Cross, and in the inter- 
mediate segments are groups of happy cherubs 
flying toward the town. There are thirty-six 
of these beautiful figures, and they are so 
naturally and gracefully arranged as to relieve 
the work of all suggestion of stiffness. A 
wrapt expression of holy joy and adoration is 
on each face, and, as we look, our thoughts 
turn reverently to the deathless night of long 
ago when o'er the Judean plains was heard 



I04 THE NEW BUILDING 

" the heavenly host praising God and saying, 
' Glory to God in the highest, and on earth 
peace, good will toward men. ' " The artist 
has happily caught the inspiration of the hour 
and through his masterful skill the song still 
trembles on the air and falls as a benediction 
on all hearts that worship the Father in spirit 
and in truth in this his earthly temple. 

Though immediately back of the pulpit the 
coloring is so skillfully modified that even in 
the brightest morning light the speaker is 
never thrown into shadow. The window was 
made by Alfred Godwin, after designs of 
Frederick Wilson. It is a memorial from the 
women of the church to Charles E. Morris, 
"whose faithful service and inspiring leader- 
ship in the past history of Hollond made the 
new church possible." 

The rose window in the west gable was 

designed and executed by Maitland Armstrong, 

a master of color in glass. In 

THE view of the intricate stone tracery, 

WEST ROSE 

WINDOW which is altogether different from 
that of the east window, it was 
necessary to follow purely decorative designs, 
with no attempt at illustration. The many 
colors, in which the pale warm reds predomi- 
nate, are artistically blended. The glow of 
the afternoon sunlight is needed to display its 
beauty to the best advantage. 



THE NEW BUILDING 105 

lu this window an interesting effort has been 
made to illustrate the " fruits of the Holy- 
Spirit." The central figure rep- 
TH E resents the ascending Christ, with 

NORTH ROSE , , . , . , _ . 

WINDOW hands raised in benediction. Im- 
mediately above, is the descend- 
ing dove, indicating the coming of the Holy 
Spirit after the departure of Christ from the 
earth, as foretold in the fourteenth chapter of 
St. John. Angel ministrants surround the as- 
cending lyord, while in the larger circles 
beyond, the fruits of the Spirit — " Love, Joy, 
Peace, lyongsuflfering, Gentleness, Goodness, 
Faith, Meekness, and Temperance, ' ' (Galatians, 
5 : 22, 23) — are represented by figures of mor- 
tals. It was a brilliant conception which thus 
so successfully blended the divine, the angelic, 
and the human in this very intimate but dis- 
tinct relationship. This window also was made 
by Alfred Godwin from drawing by Frederick 
"Wilson. It is a memorial to a sister of Mr. 
Robert C. Ogden, Mrs. Helen Ogden Wood. 

The stone tracery of this window is exactly 

similar in design to the one in the north gable. 

At present it is filled with plain 

THE glass painted to harmonize with 

SOUTH ROSE . 1 ^^- nAi • 

WINDOW i^^s general setting. This paint- 
ing has been done so well as to 
make a surprisingly good appearance. It is 
hoped that this glass will, at no distant day, be 



io6 THE NEW BUILDING 

removed and its place taken by a handsome 
memorial. 

Under each of the four rose windows is a 

group of five arcade windows. Those in the 

north, south, and west walls are 

THE about three feet wide and eight 

EAST ARCADE r ^ i • i n^^ • j • .-i. 

WINDOWS fsst high. The wmdows in the 
east wall are somewhat smaller. 
This difference was made necessary by the 
location and desigQ of the choir, which is 
between them and the pulpit. From the floor 
of the choir to the base line of the arcade win- 
dows the wall is covered by an oak wainscoting, 
and the diminution of the windows was com- 
pelled by this decoration, and by the necessity 
of keeping all exterior light above the pulpit 
and choir. The design used in these windows 
is, in the main, merely a decorative, geometri- 
cal pattern, and is alike in all, slight variations 
in the color of the several windows giving 
moderate contrasts. In the arch at the top of 
each window is a cherub's head, serving to 
associate the thought of the music below with 
that of the heavenly host represented in the 
great rose window just above. 

These windows complete the memorial to 
Charles E. Morris, of which the east rose win- 
dow is, of course, the important part. Alfred 
Godwin was the maker. 

Under the north gallery is a group of five 



THE NEW BUILDING 107 

attractive windows. The figures, while not 

original in design, are of such 

THE exquisite workmanship as to 

NORTH ARCADE . . . ,.„ 

WINDOWS make one quite indifferent to 
the fact that they are copies 
— especially is this true when we learn that 
they were made from models, designed by the 
master hand of Sir Edward Burne-Jones, now 
in important English churches — the central one 
being from a church in Brighton, and the 
others from Salisbury Cathedral. The win- 
dows are of a highly decorative character, and 
are all idealized angelic figures of the type for 
which Sir Edward is distinguished. The rich 
and harmonious coloring was the work of 
Alfred Godwin, who followed the originals in 
design but adapted the color scheme to the 
location of the windows and to the general 
light of the church. 

These windows are all memorials. The first 
on the left is to the memor}^ of Elizabeth C. 
Williams (1860-18S4) ; the second was pre- 
sented by the Thoughtful Circle of King's 
Daughters to the memory of Samuel M. 
Kennedy (1853- 1893); the third was given 
by Miss Penrose's Sunday-school class to the 
memory of Dr. Paden's brother, Henry Armine 
Paden (1857- 1892); and the fourth and fifth 
arememorials of Alice Slaymaker (1867-1896), 
and Bertha M. Slaymaker (1864-1877). 



io8 THE NEW BUILDING 

A pathetic interest attaches to the Slaymaker 
sisters. They were not connected with Hollond. 
Dr. Miller was the friend of one of these (Alice), 
and he visited her frequently during her long 
illness. She was a great sufferer but the peace 
of her heart was never shadowed. Her sister 
also lived a joyous Christian life, brief though 
it was. When both had gone home, there were 
some precious savings which were to be devo- 
ted to whatever sacred use the parents might 
designate. They were given to the new Hol- 
lond building, and being put at interest, the 
sum grew to five hundred dollars — the cost of 
the two memorials. 

The five arcade windows in the west wall 

were the gift of the King's Daughters, and are 

no less beautiful illustrations of 

THE the loving ministry of the donors 

WEST ARCADE ^, ^, c ^u i ..■ 

WINDOWS than they are of the perfection 
which may be attained in the art 
which gave them being. They vividly depict 
the different scenes described in Matthew 25: 
35> 36: (i) "I was an hungered, and ye gave 
me meat; " (2). " I was thirsty, and ye gave 
me drink; " (3). "I was a stranger, and ye 
took me;" (4). " Naked, and ye clothed me;" 
(5). "I was sick, and ye visited me." The 
fidelity to detail is marked, and indicates close 
study on the part of Mr. Frederick Wilson, 
the designer. There is a delicacy of execution 



THE NEW BUILDING 109 

and a strength of expression rarely to be 
found in works of this character. 

This group is under the south gallery and is 

considered by many to be the finest in the 

church. In the first is a figure 

THE representing St. Matthew, and 

SOUTH ARCADE . • ^ j. r, ■ ■ t ^ 

WINDOWS IS a memorial to Benjamin John 
Cooke (1820- 1 873); the second 
is St. Mark, and is in memory of Mary Langley 
Cooke (1825-1882J. Mr. and Mrs. Cooke were 
the parents of Mr. William L,. Cooke, our 
church treasurer. The third represents St. 
John, the design being taken from Thor- 
valdsen's famous statue. It is a memorial 
to Mary Burnside Morris (1813-1891), the 
mother of Mr. Charles E. Morris. The fourth 
contains the figure of St. Luke, and the fifth, 
that of St. Paul. These last two are memor- 
ials to Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan Ogden, the 
parents of Mr. Robert C. Ogden. 

After examining these windows carefully, a 
gentleman visiting the church said: " I have 
seen the leading cathedrals of Europe and have 
closely observed many of the windows, but I 
have nowhere found finer work in glass than 
is represented in these five figures of .the apos- 
tles." All, with the exception of the St. John 
window, are from originals by Frederick 
Wilson, and the entire five were executed 
by the Tiffany Decorative Company. 



no THE NEW BUILDING 

This fine window is in the north vestibule 
and represents John the Baptist, with the in- 
scription, "Prepare ye the way 
JOHN of the Lord . ' ' The figure of the 

THE BAPTIST 

WINDOW Baptist has remarkable force and 
power, and the accessories are in 
entire accord with the historic surroundings 
of the subject. It was presented by the Minis- 
tering Circle of "king's Daughters. A tablet 
to the memory of Miss Marie Meares, who 
died January 4, 1897, and who was one of the 
most faithful and devoted members of this 
active Circle, is placed on the window. 

The windows under the east end of the south 

gallery were erected by Mr. and Mrs. James C. 

Taylor to the memory of their 

OTHER fou^" children — Lizzie V., John 

WINDOWS c., Annie Morris, and Harriet 

Hollond. These windows were 

the work of Alfred Godwin, and have for their 

design lilies and passion flowers, surrounded 

by beautiful ornamental work. 

In the lobby leading to the north gallery is 
an interesting group of four windows, repre- 
senting St. Michael, St. Raphael, St. Uriel and 
St. Gabriel. Mr. Wilson, who designed them, 
and Mr. Godwin, who made them, have reason 
to be proud of their work. The St. Michael 
window perpetuates the memory of Mary Eliza- 
beth Blodget (1S30-1888); the St. Raphael 




John the Baptist Window 



THE NEW BUILDING iii 

window is a memorial to Emma M. Smith, 
who died October 3, 1883; the St. Uriel win- 
dow is in memory of dead members of the 
Armstrong Class; and the St. Gabriel window 
keeps alive the memory of Samuel B. Stewart, 
who was born May 9, 1865, and died Septem- 
ber 29, 1885. Young Stewart was a beloved 
and faithful worker in the church and school, 
and was preparing himself for the work of the 
gospel ministry, when the Father called him 
to a higher life and a nobler service. 

Our church becomes nearer and dearer to us 
all as we see on every side these beautiful me- 
morials of a deathless love, through which the 
light of heaven falls as a benediction, and by 
which we catch faint suggestions of the bright- 
ness surrounding those who now walk in " the 
city that hath no need of the sun, neither of 
the moon, to shine in it, for the glory of God 
doth lighten it." 

The organ is one of the finest in the city and 

was made by Haskell, the famous builder, at a 

cost of $8,500. "It is divided 

j„^ and stands on either side of the 

ORGAN chancel, with the key-box and 

choir-seats arranged between. 

The separate parts are connected by tubular 

pneumatic action. Particular attention has 

been paid to the acoustics of the building, and 

the position the organ occupies — the strength 



112 THE NEW BUILDING 

of the various qualities of tone being most 
admirably balanced The instrument, as a 
whole, is a representative one of the perfection 
to which the art of organ-building has been 
advanced. It is in every way worthy of the 
edifice in which it stands. 

"One of the important features of the instru- 
ment is the Haskell patent register keys. 
This device does away with all draw stop 
knobs, and, in connection with the Haskell 
patent combination and crescendo attachment, 
effects an entirely new and distinct method of 
registration. The register keys consist of a 
row of alternate sharps and naturals, of the 
same scale as the manual key-board ; they are 
situated just above the swell keys. The 
natural keys bring the stops on and the sharps 
take them ofE. By pushing down a natural 
the stop is drawn and remains down until 
released by the depression of its corresponding 
sharp. In this way the player can readily see 
what stops are on and what are not. The 
register keys are grouped together to avoid 
confusion, and each is engraved on the front 
with the name of the stop which it controls. 
They can be operated either singly or in com- 
bination as desired, as by a single motion of 
the hand one can be drawn and another pushed 
off, or a group of stops can be drawn by a 
single stroke. 




North Gallery Lobby 



THE NEW BUILDING 113 

" By the application of the patent combina- 
tion and crescendo attachment, the player ob- 
tains a control of the instrument which hereto- 
fore has not been attainable, being enabled 
thereby to bring on or take off any number of 
stops desired. It also acts as a crescendo, 
drawing one stop after another until all stops 
are drawn, and pushing them off in the same 
manner, without the lifting of a finger from the 
key-board to effect this orchestral crescendo and 
diminuendo ; thus effects in registration, which 
have heretofore been sacrificed for the sake of 
preserving the harmony of the composition, can 
be produced without loss of time and wholly 
without the aid of the hand. Although the 
resources of this pedal are almost unlimited, 
its operation is extremely simple. 

" On each side of the pedal is a flange, 
situated in a convenient place to be operated 
by the toe of the shoe. These flanges bring 
the crescendo into action — by pressing the one 
to the left to bring the stops on, and the other 
to the right to take them off. Any number of 
stops can be brought on or taken off at once by 
placing the pedal in position before pressing the 
flange to the right or left. 

" On the main board, over the keys, is an 
expression indicator which shows the exact 
position of the pedal, so that the player can 
tell at a glance how much of the organ would 



114 THE NEW BUILDING 

be brought on or taken off by the motion of 
the foot to the right or left. 

" The bellows is fitted with large horizontal 
acting feeders, which are operated by an eight- 
inch Ross hydraulic motor, situated in the cel- 
lar, thus furnishing a full supply of wind at all 
times. In this organ each chest is provided 
with its reservoir, or regulator, giving to each 
part of the organ the proper pressure, and in- 
suring absolute steadiness in the wind. The 
scales and voicing of the pipes, on which 
mainly depend the success of the instrument, 
are of the highest order of excellence." 

The organ has three manuals, thirty-eight 
speaking stops, with six couplers ; seven com- 
bination pedals, a complete pedal scale of thirty 
notes, and 2314 pipes, ranging in length from 
two inches to sixteen feet. 

Mr. Russell King Miller, son of the Rev. 
Dr. J. R. Miller, was the organist from the 
dedication of the building to 1898, when he 
resigned to accept a similar position in the 
First Church, Germantown. His successor 
was Mr. D. E. Crozier, who was the organist 
of Princeton Chapel during the two years pre- 
ceding his graduation from the college in 1886. 
He studied in Chicago under W. S. B. Mathews, 
and in Paris under Guilmant. From 1886 to 
his coming to us in 1898, he was the organist 
of the Market Square Presbyterian Church, 




D. E. Crozier 



THE NEW BUILDING 115 

Harrisburg, Pa. He has exceptional taste and 
ability, and easily ranks among the foremost 
performers of the city. 

The land (100 feet on Broad street and 200 
feet on Federal street, including the entire 
distance from Broad to Juniper 
TOTAL COST strccts), which was secured at 
BUILDING different times, cost $21,833.33 '> 
the building, including complete 
furnishings, approximates $120,000.00 — mak- 
ing a total expenditure, in round numbers, of 
about $142,000.00. Property has greatly ap- 
preciated in value since the land was purchased. 
It is estimated that the entire plant, including 
the chapel property, is now worth nearly a 
quarter of a million of dollars. It is hoped at 
no distant day to erect a commodious building 
on the lot back of the church, which shall 
furnish ample accommodations for the manifold 
organizations now helping in carrying forward 
the work. 

The following resolution was adopted at a 
congregational meeting of the Tenth Presby- 
terian Church, held May 24th, 

TENTH ^o^- . 

CHURCH ^^93- 

LEGACY "Resolved, That when the 

property at Twelfth and Walnut 
streets be sold, $75,000 of the money be appro- 
priated to the Hollond Presbyterian Church — 
$35,000 of the same to be applied to the pay- 
ment of the church indebtedness, and $40,000 



ii6 THE NEW BUILDING 

to be held as an endowment fund, protected by 
the language of the deed of the Tenth Presby- 
terian Church, which is as follows : ' Provided 
always that they shall adhere to and maintain 
the mode of faith and church discipline as set 
forth in the Confession of P'aith of the Presby- 
terian Church in the United States of 
America.' " 

At a congregational meeting of the Hollond 
Memorial Church, -held on the 5th of June, the 
following action was taken on the resolution 
adopted by the Tenth Church : 

''Resolved, That the Harriet Hollond Mem- 
orial Presbyterian Church accept the proposal 
of the Tenth Presbyterian Church to transfer 
to the use of the Harriet Hollond Memorial 
Church, from the proceeds of the sale of the 
property at the north-east corner of Twelfth 
and Walnut streets, the sum of $75,000. upon 
the conditions named in the communication 
containing the proposal, and subject to the 
language of the deed of the Tenth Presbyterian 
Church, as follows : ' Provided always that 
they shall adhere to and maintain the mode of 
faith and church discipline as set forth in the 
Confession of Faith of the Presbyterian Church 
in the United States of America.' " It was 
further 

" Resolved, That the thanks of the Hollond 
Church are due and are hereby tendered to the 
Tenth Church for the generous Christian spirit 
displayed in the liberal assistance in the work 
of the Hollond Church proposed by the Tenth 
Church in its recent action." 



THE NEW BUILDING 117 

The following extract, relative to the bequest 
of the Tenth Church, is from the annual report 
(January, 1896) of Mr. William L. Cooke, our 
treasurer : 

" On April 8th, 1895, the board of trustees 
of the Hollond Memorial Church received 
through its treasurer, from the trustees of the 
Tenth Presbyterian Church, deeds for the 
chapel property at the corner of Federal and 
Clarion streets, free of all encumbrance ; a 
check for $35,000 ; mortgages to the value of 
$5,500, being the Boardman Trust — also check 
for $279.40, being the accrued interest on the 
same to date ; deed for ten burial lots in Wood- 
land Cemetery, and certificate of two shares of 
stock in the ' Woodland Cemetery Company.' 
At the same time, the Philadelphia Trust, 
Safe Deposit and Insurance Company, as trus- 
tees, received $40,000 as an endowment fund 
for the Hollond Church." 



DEVELOPMENT 

In his fourteenth anniversary sermon, deliv- 
ered on Sunday morning, October 3rd, 1897, 
Dr. Paden said : 

" God has brought our church into a large 
place. Situated as we are in one of the world's 
great cities, and at one of the great life-centres 
of that city, we have a field which is exceeding 
broad. There are more immortal souls within 
a half hour's walk of this church than there 
are scattered over the whole area of a half 
dozen of our newer western states. Moreover, 
our force is phenomenally large ; there are as 
many members in HoUond as there are in the 
whole twenty-three Presbyterian churches of 
Utah. As for our church property, it is worth 
almost as much as all their church property 
combined. Few congregations in this great 
and wealthy city have finer accommodations 
for ' whosoever will.' and none have freer. 

" Much of this enlargement has come to us 
during the last fourteen years Fourteen 
years ago, this church did not own an inch of 
property ; it did not own the building in which 
it worshiped. The school was still almost en- 
tirely supported by the mother church ; some 



DEVELOPMENT 119 

$1,300 had been raised toward a building fund; 
this was every dollar of assets the church had 
in hand ; but she had faith and hope, and the 
favor of God. This favor was manifested in 
innumerable ways, most notably in the end by 
his stirring the workers and the members of 
the church with the spirit of liberality and by 
his guidance of the mother church in the mak- 
ing of her last will and testament. Now, our 
church property and endowment represent 
capital to the amount of a quarter of a million 
dollars. We have enough members to fill the 
church and to carry on its work with notable 
efficiency, if our people will only rise to their 
privileges and their possible spiritual power." 
The following figures, taken from the 
minutes of the General Assembly, show the 
membership of the church on the first of April 
of each year since its organization : 

1882 259 1891 754 

1883 310 1892 775 

1884 341 1893 825 

1885 360 1894 1,005 

1886 460 1895 1,090 

1887 502 1896 1,105 

1888 562 1897 1,164 

1889 660 1898 1,170 

1890 697 1899 1,170 

Although there has been a net gain of only 
6 since the report of 1897, yet 125 persons— 71 
on profession of faith and 54 by letter— have 



I20 DEVELOPMENT 

united with the church since that time. The 
losses by deaths and removals have almost 
equalled the gain. 

Our growth, when compared with that of 
other churches, has been gratifying. In 1882, 
when we had 259 members, there were 41 
larger congregations of our Presbytery ; in 
1883, 36 ; in 1884, 26 ; in 1885, 27 ; in 1886, 
20 ; in 1887, 15 ; in 1888, 13 ; in 1889, 9 ; in 
1890, 10 ; in 1891, 8 ; in 1892, 7 ; in 1893, 5 5 
in 1894, 2; in 1895, 2; in 1896, 2; in 1897, 2; 
in 1898, I ; in 1899, i. 

The following table gives the number of 
persons received to the church each year : 





On Profession. 


By Letter. 


Total 


1882 


79 


19 


98 


1883 


55 


21 


76 


1884 


45 


18 


63 


1885 


44 


21 


65 


1886 


81 


42 


123 


1887 


59 


31 


90 


1888 


99 


33 


132 


1889 


88 


43 


131 


1890 


52 


26 


78 


1891 


47 


36 


83 


1892 


56 


35 


91 


1893 


60 


15 


75 


1894 


83 


92 


175 


1895 


75 


49 


124 


1896 


36 


29 


65 


1897 


76 


43 


119 


1898 


52 


20 


72 


1899 


19 


34 


53 




Totals 1,106 


607 


1.713 



DEVELOPMENT 121 

It will thus be seen that 1,106 persons have 
united with the church on profession of faith 
and 607 by letter, making a total of 1,713. If 
we add the original membership — 229 — we 
have a grand total of 1,942 persons whose 
names have appeared on our church rolls be- 
tween March, 1882, and April, 1899. The 
difference between 1,942, the total membership^ 
and 1,170, the present membership, is 772 — ■ 
the number of names which for various causes 
has been removed from the roll. In a floating 
congregation, such as ours, this number is not 
unduly large. It is pleasant to know that 
many of those who have removed from us are 
now giving helpful service to other churches. 

203 adults and 571 children have been bap- 
tized. The Sunday-school reports this year 
(1899) a membership of 1,176, making it, with 
one exception, the largest school of the Pres- 
bytery. The total congregational collections 
aggregate $2 15, coo. 00. 

These figures represent only the numerical 
growth, which, let it never be forgotten, should 
mean but little in any church when compared 
with the spiritual. The religious organiza- 
tions, however small in numbers, which laid 
the foundation of the world-wide usefulness of 
such men as Moffat and Livingstone, Duff and 
Brainerd, have been instrumental in rendering 
an infinitely nobler service to God and to 



122 DEVELOPMENT 

humanity than have those with hundreds of 
members whose only evidence of Christianity 
is that their names appear on the church 
registers. For, after all, it is the upbuilding 
of Christ-like manhood and womanhood that 
counts. It is in this direction that Hollond has 
rendered a far-reaching service. It has never 
failed in its insistence that for a life to ring 
true, creed and conduct must go hand in hand. 
Through its influence, character has been 
developed, homes have been refined, and social 
life has grown purer and more wholesome. 
Eternity alone will reveal the results of the 
quiet and beautiful ministry of those who have 
here been taught to stand bravely in life's 
hard places for " whatsoever things are true." 

That the church is dear to many may be 
inferred from the following portion of a letter 
recently written by one of its workers : 

' ' What a powerful centre of usefulness our 
dear Hollond is ! How helpful is the influ- 
ence of the truly consecrated lives we have in 
our church family ! The services are reverent 
and uplifting, and the entire atmosphere a joy 
and a benediction. It is a holy place — a place 
for the truly penitent soul to get into close and 
helpful touch with its Saviour. I am always 
spiritually stronger after a Sunday of sweet 
content passed within the walls of our beloved 
Zion, I am thankful that there are so many 



DEVELOPMENT 



123 



good and true friends of Jesus among our mem- 
bers, for I know that he is always present for 
their sakes, and maybe for the sake also of 
what I long to be, and because he knows that 
I have so much need of his presence. My 
daily prayer is that all of us may so labor that 
our work may be as lasting as eternity ; that 
when we shall pass into the great hereafter we 
may see from the heavenly heights many 
precious sheaves gathered from our sowing." 

Nor is this feeling confined alone to those 
who now labor with us; a young lady in a dis- 
tant city writes : 

" I do not know what the influence was, or 
wherein lay the charm, but I do know that I 
always loved and revered my associations with 
Hollond far above those of any other church. 
Although I have now been away from it ten 
years, yet even to this day a great longing pos- 
sesses me every Sabbath to be there whenever 
I hear the church bells here ringing. Dear 
old Hollond ! I wonder if you know just how 
much your children — whether they be near or 
far — love you ! ' ' 

Several of our young men, who received their 
inspiration and training here and who gave in 
return much helpful service while they were 
with us, are now in the gospel ministry, and 
all have charges. Their names and addresses 
follow: Rev. Charles A. Oliver, York, Pa.; 



124 DEVELOPMENT 

Rev. Robert H. Kirk, Coleraine, Pa.; Rev. 
Peter Rioseco (who is doing an important work 
as a Sabbath-school missionary of the Presby- 
terian Board of Publication and Sabbath-school 
Work) Havana, Cuba ; Rev. Samuel Semple, 
Titusville, Pa.; Rev. W. F. S. Nelson, Ambler, 
Pa. ; Rev. Cleveland Frame, South Hermitage, 
Pa.; Rev. Charles G. Hopper, Georgetown, 
Delaware; Rev. Ray H. Carter, assistant pas- 
tor of the Walnu^Street Church, Philadelphia ; 
Rev. Harry W. Bloch, assistant to Dr. W. M. 
Paden in the First Presbyterian Church, Salt 
Lake City, Utah ; and Rev. W. H. Dyer, 
Audeureid, Pa. Although Messrs. Kirk and 
Rioseco were not members of our church, yet 
they were so intimately associated with us as to 
be always included among " our boys." 




Theodore H. Lodeh 



OLD LEADERS AND NEW 

Under God, much of our spiritual and nu- 
merical growth was due to the faithful pulpit 
and pastoral ministrations of Drs. Paden and 
Miller. "With a fidelity seldom excelled, they 
devoted themselves, to the extent of their 
ability, to the work, and it is not surprising 
that they won the love and confidence of all 
their people. 

During the latter part of 1891, Dr. Paden's 

health became impaired, and early in January, 

1892, he was granted by the ses- 

DH. PADEN sion a leave of absence of three 

THE SOUTH months, which was afterwards 
extended to nine, in order that 
he might recuperate. He spent much of the 
time in the mountains of North and South 
Carolina and was greatly benefited. His first 
sermon, after his return, was delivered in the 
chapel on the 2d of October. He said in part: 

" If there was one desire uppermost in my 
heart as I entered the new year, it was to 
make it the most active and effective year of 
my ministry. As a pastor, a preacher, an 



126 OLD LEADERS AND NEW 

apostle of good courage, an organizer for the 
day of church-occupation, and as a useful as- 
sistant in the thousand little things which some 
one must know about in an era of church 
building, I desired to shoulder and carry my 
share of the burden. Instead, at the beginning 
of the year I was laid aside with grippe-pneu- 
monia, and have spent the months for which I 
had devised unusual industry, in inactivity, 
while nature made her kindly, but tedious 
repairs. ^ 

"Just now, I would talk about things just 
ahead, rather than of things just past — with 
this one exception: I am eager to say that one 
of the divinest touches which has ever come 
into my life, has come through your affection- 
ate and prayerful interest in me during these 
months of absence. None of you will be jeal- 
ous when I give Dr. Miller the place of honor 
in this ministry of love. He has served you 
for me, and me for you; and all of us for Christ 
in a very Christ-like way. Other loving-kind- 
nesses have come into my life through the wise 
and prompt provisions made for me by the 
session; the words of love and good cheer 
from one and another of the people; and 
through the Spirit of Love which brought me 
boundless comfort through my confidence in 
the unspoken affections of the many whose love 
has been none the less real because silent." 




George D. McIlvaine 



OLD LEADERS AND NEW 127 

Dr. Miller was away from the city from 
March 27, 1893, to the middle of the following 
May, during which time he enjoyed an ex- 
tended trip along the Pacific coast. 

In the fall of 1895, Dr. Paden received an 

invitation to spend the winter in Paris for the 

purpose of taking charge of the 

DR. PADEN evangelistic movement which had 

TO PARIS for its main object the reaching 
of the English and American art 
students in the I^atin Quarter of that city. At 
first, he virtually refused to consider the pro- 
position, deeming it inexpedient to leave the 
work of HoUond even for a season; but after 
much conference, he finally determined to ac- 
cept. The session took the following action: 

Whereas, Rev. Wm. M. Paden, D.D., has 
been invited to take charge of highly important 
evangelical work among the American and 
English students in Paris for six months from 
the ist of December prox.; and 

Whereas, A careful examination by the 
pastors and session of the opportunities thus 
afforded indicates hopeful promise of large 
influence for good; and 

Whereas, Dr. Paden is inclined to enter 
upon the work if it appears possible to do so 
without impairing the efficiency and usefulness 
of the Hollond Memorial Church. Therefore 
it is 

Resolved, That in the opinion of this session 
it is possible to carry out the plan suggested in 



128 OLD LEADERS AND NEW 

the foregoing preamble, and therefore that Rev. 
Dr. Paden is granted a six months' leave of 
absence from the pastorate of the Hollond 
Memorial Church, the dates of such absence 
to be determined by his own convenience; and 
it is further 

Resolved, That Mr. W. H. Dyer be em- 
ployed to assist Rev. Dr. Miller in the addi- 
tional pastoral work during and caused by the 
absence of Dr. Paden, and that Dr. Paden's 
place in the pulpit be filled by the engagement 
of other clergymen as supplies. 

Dr. Paden sailed for Paris on the 21st of 
November, 1895, and returned on the 5th of 
June, 1896. Dr. Miller, who spent July and 
August, 1896, in Europe, thus wrote: " It was 
very pleasant in Paris to hear good reports of 
Dr. Paden's work among the students. Most 
of those who attended his services are now 
away from their artist haunts, but I had the 
pleasure of meeting with two or three of them, 
and was delighted to hear them speak so grate- 
fully of Dr. Paden and so confidently of the 
value of his work and influence. Dr. Thurber, 
pastor of the American Chapel, spoke without 
stint of the value of Dr. Paden's services." 

During Dr. Paden's absence. Dr. Miller re- 
ceived invaluable assistance in the pastoral 
work from Mr. W. H. Dyer, a member of 
Hollond, and at that time a student in Prince- 
ton Theological Seminary. He greatly en- 
deared himself to the people by his faithful 




Charles Hunter 




t -^ 




OIvD LEADERS AND NEW 129 

and sympathetic devotion to the work. Dur- 
ing Dr. Miller's absence in Europe, he con- 
tinued to assist Dr. Paden. 

Among the prominent clergymen who ap- 
peared in our pulpit while Dr. Paden was away, 
were Dr. Theodore ly. Cuyler, Brooklyn, New 
York; Dr. L. Y. Graham, Philadelphia; Dr. 
J. E. Danforth, Philadelphia; Dr. Charles A. 
Dickey, Philadelphia; Dr. James O. Murray, 
dean of Princeton University; Mr. Robert E. 
Speer, secretary of the Board of Foreign Mis- 
sions; Dr. Charles Wood, Philadelphia; Rev. 
Charles A. Oliver, York, Pa. ; Dr. J. F. Dripps, 
Germantown, Pa.; Dr. Arthur J. Brown, sec- 
retary of the Board of Foreign Missions; Dr. 
William R. Taylor, of the Brick Church, 
Rochester, New York; Dr. S. W. Dana, Phil- 
adelphia; Dr. Maltbie D. Babcock, of the 
Brown Memorial Church, Baltimore, Md. ; 
Dr. Alexander McKenzie, Cambridge, Mass.; 
Rev. Stephen B. Penrose, president of Whit- 
man College, Washington; Dr. J. D. MofFatt, 
president of Washington and Jefferson College, 
Washington, Pa.; Rev. Henry E. Cobb, of the 
Collegiate Reformed Church, New York, and 
Dr. William Brenton Greene, Jr., of Princeton 
Theological Seminary. 

It is but just to state that it was expressly 
stipulated by Dr. Paden that the expenses in- 
curred for pastoral assistance and for pulpit 



I30 OLD LEADERS AND NEW 

supplies during his absence in Paris should be 
paid out of his salary account, which was done. 

The year 1897 brought to the work its most 
serious losses. In April, Mr. Robert C. Ogden, 
whose business required him to 
THE LOSSES ^6 permanently in New York, re- 
OF 1897 signed the superintendency of 
the school. He had given to it 
eighteen years of the most faithful and helpful 
service. Other losses were to follow — the res- 
ignations of Drs. Paden and Miller. 

Dr. Paden spent his summer vacation of that 
year in Utah, and during his visit preached in 
the First Presbyterian Church of Salt I^ake 
City. Soon after his return he received a call 
from that church to come to it as its pastor. 
After careful consideration of all the interests 
involved, he determined to accept the call. 
This decision he announced from the pulpit 
on Sunday morning, October 3d — his four- 
teenth anniversary as the pastor of HoUond. 

The next day Presbytery took the following 
action: 

" At a meeting of the Presbytery of Phila- 
delphia, held October 4, 1897, the Rev. William 
M. Paden, D.D., presented a request for the 
dissolution of his pastoral relations to the 
Hollond Memorial Church. Whereupon it 
was 

^'Resolved, That the congregation of the 
Hollond Memorial Church be, and the same 




Charles A. Chew 



OI.D LEADERS AND NEW 131 

are hereby cited to appear by commissioners 
duly appointed, at a meeting of the Presbytery 
to be held in the Assembly Room, 1334 Chest- 
nut street, on Monday, October 18, 1897, ^^ 2 
o'clock, to show cause, if any there be, why 
Dr. Paden's request be not granted." 

On the 14th of October Dr. Miller sent to 
the session the following letter: 

" My relation as a worker in the HoUond 
Memorial Presbyterian Church had its origin 
in an invitation from the boards of the church. 
It has reference only to the pastorate of Dr. 
Paden. If therefore Dr. Paden's resignation 
be accepted, my relation to the church is at 
the same time ended without any motion of 
mine. 

' ' But to remove all uncertainty in the matter, 
I hereby tender to the session my resignation, 
to take eflEect on and after next Sabbath, Oc- 
tober 17th. 

' ' I would have it understood also that this 
severance of relations on my part is final; that 
I could not consent to return to any pastoral 
relation in the church. The nature of my other 
duties to the Church at large, in my editorial 
position in the Board of Publication, devolves 
upon me ever-increasing burden and responsi- 
bility, making it impossible for me to assume 
again the additional labors of a pastorate or 
co-pastorate. 

"Any assistance, however, which I can 



132 OLD LEADERS AND NEW 

render the Hollond Church in securing another 
pastor, I will cheerfully give. Any visiting of 
the sick, burying of the dead, or other such 
ministries as I can perform, until a new pastor 
is installed, I shall gladly render. 

" I must thank the session, the other church 
boards, and the people of Hollond, for the 
courtesy and affection which I have received 
during all these years of m}' connection with 
the work. I have tried to do my duty, but no 
one can be so conscious of the inadequacy ot 
my service as I am myself. 

" While I .shall no longer have any official 
connection with the church, I shall never cease 
to have the warmest affection for it and the 
deepest interest in its growth and prosperity. 
I have put too much love and toil and prayer 
into my nearly seventeen years in Hollond, 
ever to forget the church. 

" I shall cherish the memory of these years 
of close fellowship with Dr. Paden. For ten 
years he was a member of my own family and 
we shall always hold him in most kindly regard. 
My prayers will rise to God for him in his new 
home and work, and I shall be affectionately 
interested in his personal happiness and in the 
prosperity of the important work to which he 
believes he has been so clearly called of 
God." 

A congregational meeting, to take action on 




Charles A. Hoehling 



OLD LEADERS AND NEW 133 

Dr. Paden's request, was held in the chapel 

on Friday evening, October 15th, 

coNGREGA- Dr. William H. Gill, at the re- 

TIONAL , r .1 • 1 J 

MEETING quest of the session, acted as 
moderator. Dr. Paden spoke 
briefly as follows: 

' ' On Sunday week I tried to make it clear 
that my request to be released was not due to 
any lack of confidence in this field; it is one 
of the very best in the city, a church set on a 
fruitful hill. It is in good financial condition, 
and is in every way a desirable charge. I 
want you to understand that I do not resign in 
a fit of discouragement; that I am not trying to 
get away from a church that I feel has reached 
its best. I want to leave you full of courage 
as to the undeveloped capacity of this field. 

"I tried, in the second place, to have you 
understand clearly that I do not go, or ask you 
to release me, because I distrust you, or the 
loyalty or love of the members, or any of the 
members, of this congregation; and I want to 
emphasize, that least of all do I distrtist the loy- 
alty and love of the session of this congregation, 
for our records will show that for fourteeii years 
there has not been a divided vote. 

' ' The next Sabbath I tried to show to you 
the other side — the overmastering reason I had 
for going. I tried to give you a glimpse of 
what I considered to be providential indica- 



134 OLD LEADERS AND NEW 

tions that my going west is a part of God's 
plan for my life. 

' ' My conscience is perfectly clear on this 
subject. I cannot be true to my conscience 
without hearing the 'Woe be unto me' if I 
obey not this call, which I have every reason 
to believe to be the voice of God. 

" I simply ask that you join with me in re- 
questing my release of Presbytery, in order 
that I may obey these beckonings of provi- 
dence. Only a glimpse of these beckonings 
have been given to you, because God's deal- 
ings are very personal with man. I simply 
ask that you will trust me, and trust God's 
providence. Never once in these fourteen 
years has this congregation said ' no ' to any- 
thing for which I asked. And you will under- 
stand, I think, that this is a matter which is 
more personal to me than anything I have ever 
asked of you before; and I say that the way 
in which you can best show your confidence in 
the saneness of my judgment, in the sincerity 
of my desires to follow conscience, and what I 
believe to be the voice of God — the best way 
in which you can show your affection for me, 
the best way and clearest way, is by joining 
with me in asking for my release. 

" Yes, there is one way that is better; there 
is one way that you can show your loyalty and 
love to me better, and that is by standi7ig by 




George H. Kei 



OLD LEADERS AND NEW 135 

this work after you have released me, and I am 
gofie. 

" God grant that the future of Hollond may- 
be the best testimony that could possibly be 
made to the fact that good work has been done 
here during the past! " 

Mr. W. It. Cooke read the following resolu- 
tions, addressed to the Presbytery of Philadel- 
phia, which were adopted by a standing vote 
— no one speaking or voting against them: 

1. That we hereby acquiesce with Dr. Paden in his 
request that the pastoral relations between himself 
and this congregation be dissolved. 

2. That we take this action with unfeigned reluc- 
tance and deepest regret, not of any voluntary motion 
or desire on our part, but because of Dr. Paden 's 
insistence that it should be done, he having both pri- 
vately and from the pulpit declared it to be his sol- 
emn conviction that it is his duty to accept the call 
recently tendered him by the First Presbyterian 
Church in Salt Lake City, Utah. 

3. That in taking this action, the Hollond Memor- 
ial Presbyterian Church and congregation hereby de- 
sire to express their very high appreciation of Dr. 
Paden as a man, a Christian, a preacher and pastor, 
and as a man of high literary culture and attainments, 
and to bear testimony to the sincere aiTection and 
respect with which he is universally regarded, not 
only by the people of his immediate flock, but by the 
community at large. 

4. That we take pleasure in bearing testimony to 
the success of his ministry amongst us both from a 
material and spiritual point of view. When Dr. Paden 



136 OIvD LEADERS AND NEW 

was settled over us as pastor fourteen years ago, the 
membership of our church was hardly more than three 
hundred, while at the present time it numbers nearly 
twelve hundred ; and it has been during his adminis- 
tration also, and owing in a goodly measure to his 
persevering efforts, that our house of worship on 
Broad street has been erected. No one has recognized 
more generously than Dr. Paden that, in carrying for- 
ward all this great work to its present prosperous con- 
dition, he has been ably seconded by the Rev. J. R. 
Miller, D.D., who, at the request of the session, has 
been associated with %im during nearly the whole of 
his pastorate, and whose services on behalf of the 
church have been as unremitting as they have been 
invaluable, the two striving together for the glory of 
God in the upbuilding of Hollond. 

5. That in parting with Dr. Paden, whom we love, 
our sorrow and perplexity are rendered all the greater 
because the nature of the relation existing between 
him and Dr. Miller, whom we also love, is such that 
the severance of the one tie carries with it and in- 
volves the severance of the other, so that we are, as it 
were, bereft of two pastors at one stroke, leaving us a 
pastorless flock, as sheep without a shepherd. Never- 
theless, we face the future hopefully, confident that 
He, whose work it is, Vvfill constantly watch over us, 
and in his own good time send us another or others of 
his servants, who will take the oversight of the flock 
and give to the work a still greater enlargement than 
it has even now attained. 

6. That we will ever cherish the most grateful re- 
collections of these years of unwearied and self-deny- 
ing labors for Hollond on the part of both these be- 
loved brethren; that we will enshrine them both in 
our hearts and remember them in our prayers, pray- 
ing that they may long be spared, each in his own 




Amos Dotterer 



OLD LEADERS AND NEW 137 

sphere, to aid in the upbuilding and extenston of the 
Redeemer's kingdom; and for Dr. Paden, whose call 
removes him not only from our church but from our 
city, that a success even greater than that he has 
achieved here in Philadelphia may crown his labors 
in Utah, or wherever God in his providence may order 
his lot. 

7. That Messrs. John Russell, H. P. Ford, W. J. 
Barr, T. H. Lodor, and W. L. Cooke be, and hereby 
are appointed commissioners to represent this church 
and congregation, and to present this action to the 
Presbytery. 

In closing the meeting Dr. Gill said : 
" It has been my pleasure on more than one 
occasion to speak of Hollond as a united con- 
gregation. I have not heard a single word of 
dissension against this people by anyone. It 
is a very great record for any congregation that 
is so large, with two pastors associated together 
for fourteen years, to be at peace among them- 
selves, to be in harmony and accord as brethren 
in the Lord. As you love your Saviour, as you 
serve your God, stand by each other, stand by 
your Master, stand by the church, and God will 
take care of you. It is God's church, and his 
work. He sympathizes with you, and he will 
see that the work goes on. Workmen may die, 
men may come and go, but the work goes on 
forever — at least until the purposes for which 
the Church has been constituted in the world, 
have been accomplished." 



138 OLD LEADERS AND NEW 

On Monday afternoon, October iSth, Pres- 
bytery reluctantly acquiesced in the request for 
a dissolution of the pastoral rela- 
ACTioN tionship existing between Dr. 
PRESBYTERY P^deu and the church. Mr. W. 
L. Cooke, presented the resolu- 
tions adopted at the congregational meeting, 
and made a short address, expressive of the 
devotion of the people to Dr. Paden, and of 
their sorrow and deep sense of loss at his going 
frottr them. Brief remarks along the same 
line were also made by the other three commis- 
sioners present — Messrs. Theodore H. Loder, 
H. P. Ford, and John Russell. Addresses lull 
of regret, commendation, and high personal 
regard, were made by the Rev. Drs. A. J. Sul- 
livan, W. H. Gill, H. A. Nelson, M. J. Hynd- 
man, J. G. Bolton, J. A. Henry, W. M. Rice, 
and others. 

"There is no man," said Dr. Paden, "to 
whom I would more willingly commit the work 
of Hollond at this time than to Dr. Miller. I 
most earnestly and heartily unite with the ses- 
sion in asking that he be appointed moderator 
of the church until a pastor be chosen." 

Presbytery granted the request. The Rev. 
Dr. Gill was appointed to preach on the fol- 
lowing Sabbath, and to declare the pulpit 
vacant. 

By a standing vote, Presbytery adopted the 
following : 




James C. Taylof 



OLD LEADERS AND NEW 139 

Resolved, That we place upon record our 
sincere regret at the departure of the Rev. Dr. 
Paden from the Presbytery ; that we hereby 
express our high appreciation of his eminent 
Christian character ; his ability as a preacher, 
pastor and presbyter ; that we shall follow him 
with our prayers and best wishes for his suc- 
cess to his new field of labor. 

Dr. Paden preached his last sermon as the 
pastor of Hollond on Sunday evening, October 
17th, his text being "For I am 
DR. PADEN's persuaded that neither death, nor 
SERMON ^^-^ * * * shall be able to separate 
us from the love of God. ' ' Romans 
8 : 38-39. The church was crowded. On the 
following Wednesday evening, the Ushers' 
Association tendered him a farewell reception 
in the chapel. People were in line until 
nearly eleven o'clock waiting for an opportu- 
nity to take him by the hand, to express their 
sorrow at his going, and to wish him God- 
speed in his new field of labor. 

Dr. W. H. Gill preached at both services on 
Sunday, October 24th. Just before he an- 
nounced his morning text, he 
THE PULPIT said: "I am here at the request of 

DECLARED ^, . j , • 4. 4. . 

VACANT ^'^^ session and by appointment oi 
Presbytery, to inform this congre- 
gation officially that the request of Dr. Paden — 
that the pastoral relation existing between him 
and this church be dissolved — has been granted. 



I40 OLD LEADERS AND NEW 

I now officially declare this pulpit to be vacant. ' ' 
By virtue of his appointment by Presbytery 
as moderator of the Hollond session, Dr. Mil- 
ler continued to perform all pas- 
sEEKiNG A toral duties until the pulpit should 
PASTOR be filled. Steps were at once 
taken to secure a pastor. Several 
committees, consisting of representative men 
of the congregation, visited nearby cities to 
hear able ministers ; a number of clergymen, 
who were preaching as supplies in other pul- 
pits in this city, were also heard. No recom- 
mendations, however, were made. 

Dr. George Edward Martin preached twice 

in our pulpit on Sunday, April 24,1898. He 

also conducted both services on 

DR. MARTIN Sunday, May ist. At a congre- 

CALLED gational meeting held in the 

chapel on the loth of May, he 

received a unanimous call to the pastorate. 

Messrs. William L. Cooke, William J. Barr, 

Charles A. Hoehling, John Russell and Daniel 

J. Weaver, were appointed commissioners to 

present the call to Presbytery. 

Dr. Miller preached his last sermon on Sun- 
day evening, June 5th, his subject being, 
" Into Thine Hands." Psalm 
DR. MILLER'S 31 ; 5. The church was filled 
SE^RMON with a deeply interested and at- 
tentive congregation. This serv- 




William J. Bai 



OLD LEADERS AND NEW 141 

ice witnessed the close of a long and faithful 
ministr3^ 

On Sunday morning, June 12th, Dr. Martin 
again preached, and at this service an- 
nounced his acceptance of the 
Dr. MARTIN'S Call which had been extended to 
ACCEPTANCE him by the congregation ; it 
being understood that he would 
not enter upon his pastoral work until Sep- 
tember. 

Dr. J. B. Brandt, pastor of the Tyler Place 
Presbyterian Church, St. Louis, Mo., had 
charge of the work during the month of July, 
and by his genial, kindly nature made many 
friends among the people. He received valu- 
able assistance from the Rev. Harry W. Bloch, 
who was very helpful both in the church and 
school work during the summer. After Dr. 
Brandt's departure, the pulpit was supplied by 
the Rev. Harry Bloch, Dr. Frederick J. Stan- 
ley, of Atlantic City, N. J., Dr. C. S. Sargent, 
of St. Louis, Mo., Rev. A. B. Robinson, editor 
of the Church at Home and Abroad, and Dr. 
George S. Chambers, of Harrisburg, Pa, 

Dr. Martin was installed pastor of Hollond 

on the 17th of October, 1898. Dr. S. W. 

Dana, pastor of the Walnut Street 

DR. MARTIN'S Church, presided and proposed 

INSTALLATION the coustitutioual questious; Rev. 

E. P. Terhune, D. D., preached 



142 OLD LEADERS AND NEW 

the sermon ; Dr. Samuel A. Mutchmore, * 
editor of The Presbyterian, delivered the charge 
to the people; Dr. Charles A. Dickey gave the 
charge to the pastor, and Dr. J. R. Miller 
made the installation prayer. 

On the Wednesday evening following the 
installation the Ushers' Association gave Dr. 
and Mrs. Martin a reception in the chapel. 

The Rev. L. L. Overman accepted an invi- 
tation to become Dr. Martin's assistant. He 
was in the pulpit for the first 
REV. LESLIE L. time oh December 5, 1898, and 

OVERMAN assisted in the service. His first 
sermon was preached January 8, 
1899, his text being " And he spake this par- 
able unto certain which trusted in themselves 
that they were righteous, and despised others." 
I^uke 18 : g. 

It is earnestly hoped that under these our 
new leaders, our beloved church will go for- 
ward to greater spiritual power and ever-in- 
creasing usefulness. 



* Dr. Mutchmore came from a sick bed to take part in the in- 
stallation service. He had been in poor health for some time. 
His death took place thirteen days later— October 30th. On 
Sunday evening, May 26, 1S61, on the invitation of the Rev. 
Dr. W. M. Rice, he preached his first sermon in Philadelphia in 
the old Moyamensing chapel in Carpenter street. Thus by a 
singular providence, his first and last sermons in Philadelphia, 
although delivered more than a generation apart, were preached 
in the Hollond field. 



> 


^■^ 




.^ 


. 


^v^ 


■ 


Tm 



Andrew R.IPoulson 



OLD LEADERS AND NEW 143 

The officials of the church at the present 

time are : 

Pastor 

Rev. George Edward Martin, D. D. 

Assistant 
Rev. Leslie L,. Overman 

Elders 
Robert C. Ogden William L. Cooke 
Theodore H. Loder George D. Mcllvaine 
Henry A. Walker 

Deacons 
Charles Hunter George H. Kelly 

Charles A. Chew Charles A. Hoehling 
H. P. Ford 

Trustees 
Robert C. Ogden Theodore H. Loder 
William L. Cooke William J. Barr 
Amos Dotterer Henry A. Walker 

James C. Taylor Andrew R. Poulson 

H. P. Ford 

Treas7irer 
William L. Cooke 

Janitor 
George W. Taylor 



THE SUNDAY-SCHOOL 

HoUond owes much to its Sunday-school, 
from which it had its origin. But for the de- 
votion of Miss Estabrook, Miss Penrose and 
Mr. Beadle, and the faithfulness of a number of 
little children away back in October, 1865 (see 
chapter entitled ' ' The New Life " ) , it is doubt- 
ful whether our church would be in existence 
to-day. 

To the school belongs the honor also of 
making the first attempt to raise money for the 
new church building. Through "brick- 
books," and other means, $898,76 had been 
collected as early as November, 1882. 

The additions to the church membership 
come largely from the school, and from those 
who are influenced by the teachers and schol- 
ars, supplemented by the earnest efforts of the 
pastors. 

Then, too, through the generosity of the 
school, the church is represented in a number 
of benevolent enterprises, thus bringing it into 
prominence as a liberal supporter of worthy 
charity. Among the objects to which it has 



1 

1 


^4 





William L. Cooke 



THE SUNDAY-SCHOOL 145 

contributed comparatively recently may be 
mentioned the Young Men's Christian Associ- 
ation (South Branch), the Boards of Church 
Erection. Home Missions, Education, Minis- 
terial Relief, and Publication and Sabbath- 
school Work ; Presbyterian Hospital, Presby- 
terian Home for Aged Couples and Old Men, 
Seaside Home, Visiting Nurses' Society, State 
Sunday-school Association, Midnight Mission, 
Hampton Institute, French and Waldensian 
Missions, Consumptives' Home, Presbyterian 
Orphanage, Mariners' Church, Armenian Re- 
lief, Whitman College, Children's Aid Society, 
Magdalen Society, Albert Barnes Memorial, 
Seamen's Mission, and Lincoln University. 

It would be pleasant, if it were possible, to 
record the names of all those who have taught 
in the school — some for a brief season only, 
others through many years. The sand-dunes 
on the New Jersey seaboard, although nameless 
and constantly changing, are quite as effective 
in keeping back the destroying waves of the 
ocean as are, on other sea-coasts, the giant 
rocks whose names are world-wide ; and so the 
transient and forgotten teachers who have 
labored with us have, in their way and for the 
time being, doubtless been as forceful in help- 
ing to stay the waves of sin as have those who 
are known to us all through their long and 
splendid service — "To every man his work." 



146 THE SUNDAY-SCHOOL 

We are grateful to one and to all who have in 
any way contributed to the usefulness of the 
school. 

A full list of the oflBcers and teachers of 1876 
appears on pages 49-50 ; a list of the present 
teaching force will close this chapter. For the 
purpose ot comparison, the names of the offi- 
cers and teachers of 1887 (a period about half- 
way between 1876 and 1899) are herewith 
given : Superintendent, Robert C. Ogden ; as- 
sociate superintendents, William L. Cooke and 
Henry A. Walker ; treasurer, William ly. Du- 
Bois ; missionary treasurer, Samuel R. Sharp ; 
statistical secretaries, Daniel J. Weaver and 
William B. Hens ; librarians, James A. Main, 
Thomas Harkness, CharlesV. Williams, Samuel 
Brown. Teacher of Primary Department, Miss 
Minnie Sherwood; teachers of Junior Depart- 
ment, Miss Sallie Cooke and Miss Mary J. Col- 
well ; teachers of Main School, William ly. Du- 
Bois, Prof. Edward MacHarg, Miss Elizabeth 
Potts, Mrs. Charles E. Morris, Rev. William 
M. Paden, D. D., Rev. J. R. Miller, D. D., 
Samuel R. Sharp, Theodore H. I^oder, Mrs. R. 

D. Clark, Miss L,ydia S. Penrose, Miss Mary 

E. Hill, Samuel M. Kennedy, Miss Fannie 
Fithian, Miss Caroline A. Douglas, Miss Eliz- 
abeth E. Pinkerton, Mrs. A. C. Windle, James 
Whyte, Wm. J. McEaughlin, Miss Katie B. 
Davis, Charles Hamilton, Miss Kate Beard, 



THE SUNDAY-SCHOOIv 147 

Miss Jane MacHarg, David Glandfield, Miss 
K. A. Austin, Miss Mamie McCorkell, Henry 
A. Walker, T. Miller Plowman, Samuel O. 
Walker, Miss Sadie Fleming, Charles A. Chew, 
Morris S. Hamilton, Miss M. E. Lennington, 
Miss Alice Douglas, Miss Helen Merrick, Miss 
Ida Blodget, Miss A. B. Spear, Miss Julia Og- 
den, Mrs. Mary V. Mitchell, Gilbert Elliott, 
Miss Mary A. Jones, Mrs. Jane Skerritt, Miss 
Jennie Crosgrave, H. P. Ford, Mrs. J. R. 
Miller, Miss Addie Cooper, Miss Harriet Scott, 
Miss S. H. Chew, Miss Emma Bryant, Miss A. 
C. Woods, Miss Lizzie Henry, Miss Laura 
Penn, Mrs. Mary Furber, Miss Lizzie Holland, 
Miss Elizabeth P. Cresswell, Miss Stella White, 
Miss Helen Ogden, Mrs. Kate Robinson, 
Madame Fillot, Miss S. M. Bloch, and Miss 
Elizabeth Rivell. Eighteen of these workers 
are still connected with the school. 

Mr. Robert C. Ogden, who in 1879 was 
elected to the office of superintendent, made 
vacant by the death of Mr. Charles E. Morris, 
was broad-minded, enthusiastic and generous. 
Under his wise leadership the school continued 
to grow in numbers and efficiency, and its high 
standard was maintained. 

Many will remember with pleasure the 
" Flower Mission," which was introduced into 
the school by Mr. Ogden about 1882, " to en- 
courage the cultivation of flowers as a means of 



148 THE SUNDAY-SCHOOL 

spiritual growth." Flower seeds were given 
out in the spring and an exhibition held in the 
fall. Prizes were awarded for the best single 
plants, the largest collection of plants, and for 
the best bouquet, basket, or collection of flow- 
ers. " The movement was found to be of value 
in many ways — in giving pleasure and instruc- 
tion ; in the refining of taste ; in a beautiful 
ministry to the sick ; in bringing the scholars 
together for other than the ordinary Sunday- 
school purposes ; and in the practical demon- 
stration that Christian work has a right to 
make use of anything that tends to brighten 
life's hard places and to broaden humanity." 
For years afterwards flowers found their way 
weekly to the superintendent's desk (due 
largely to Mr. Ogden's liberality), and at the 
close of the session were taken to sick scholars, 
to whom they were a blessed and beautiful 
bond of union between themselves and the 
school . 

The "Boys' Nobility Club" was instituted 
by Mr. Ogden in the fall of 1890, "to cultivate 
noble ideas of living in the minds of the Hol- 
lond boys." In order to encourage the boys 
to familiarize themselves with stories of heroic 
actions, prizes were awarded to those submit- 
ting, at a specified time, the best papers con- 
taining ten incidents representing to their 
minds the noblest deeds of heroism. 




Henry A. Walker 



THE SUNDAY-SCHOOL 149 

In February, 1895, an appeal for help was 
received from the Mizpah Presbyterian Sunday- 
school, Eighth and Wolf streets. HoUond re- 
sponded in a very practical way by sending a 
number of workers to act as teachers. Among 
these were Miss Bella Chalker, Miss Hattie 
Ramsay, Miss Marie C. Sutphin, Miss Tillie 
McKinley, Miss Elizabeth McKinley, Miss 
Cora S. German, Miss Margaret Burns, Miss 
Bertha Coward, Mr. and Mrs. Huntley Mur- 
dock, Mr. Charles K. Gibson, and Mr. Robert 
G. Maguire. Of these teachers, Mr. Thomas 
Gamon, the then superintendent of Mizpah, 
wrote : ' ' The homes of many of these devoted 
workers are quite a distance from the school ; 
yet, with very few exceptions, not a Sunday 
has been missed, but, wet or dry, cold or hot, 
pleasant or otherwise, these friends are always 
at their post of duty." After rendering valu- 
able assistance for a time, these teachers finally 
returned to Hollond. 

For years Mr. Ogden personally gave re- 
wards of books, etc., for faithful attendance on 
the sessions of the school, and many fine 
records were made by teachers and scholars. 
It frequently happened that the number of 
those who had been absent but two Sundays or 
less during the year approached one hundred. 

The annual excursions to pleasant country 
places are very popular. They afford an ex- 



I50 THE SUNDAY-SCHOOL 

cellent opportunity for the church and school 
to unite with each other for a day of gladness 
in "God's first temples" — the woods. Class 
picnics and other outings are also frequently 
held during the summer months. 

Much is made of the Christmas entertain- 
ment, at which time the chapsl is always pret- 
tily festooned with evergreens, and some form 
of amusement provided. Giving, not get- 
ting, however, is the uppermost thought in the 
minds of all. The teachers and children bring 
whatever they thiiik will prove useful to the 
needy — groceries, vegetables, baskets of pro- 
visions, toys, money, subscriptions to maga- 
zines, and orders for coal. These are assigned 
either by the donors themselves or by a com- 
mittee specially appointed for that purpose. 
Through this generous custom nearly two hun- 
dred families, many of them not connected 
with our church, annually receive a bit of 
Christmas cheer and blessing. 

Special attention has always been given to 
our Primary and Junior Departments, they 
being important factors in replenishing the 
class forms of the Main School. Miss Cooke 
has been for many years at the head of the 
Junior Department, and has given to it faith- 
ful and conscientious service. The teachers of 
the Primary Department also are devoted to 
their important work. 



THE SUNDAY-SCHOOL 151 

Both Dr. Paden and Dr. Miller taught in the 
school during theirconnection with the church. 
Dr. Paden had charge of the young men's 
class in the west gallery, now taught by Mr. 
Overman; and Dr. Miller taught the young 
ladies' class which occupied the east gallery. 
This class numbered 275 members. It con- 
tributed largely to the building fund of the new 
church, and in many other ways materially in- 
creased the effectiveness of the school. The 
class is now taught by Mrs. George E. Martin. 

The school has quite a large library. A 
number of the books were presented by Dr. 
Miller. A large addition was made to it from 
the Sunday-school library of the old Tenth 
Church upon the dissolution of that organiza- 
tion. 

Our book of worship, for which we are in- 
debted to Mr. Ogden, is, perhaps, one of the 
best Sunday-school books in existence. It was 
compiled, under his direct supervision, for our 
special use, and contains eight " Orders of Ser- 
vice," which may be varied indefinitely by the 
use of the additional seventeen ' ' Selections 
from the Psalms." The book also contains 
163 hymns, all of which are of exceptional 
merit. 

After each session of the school, some of the 
teachers linger for a few moments to attend the 
helpful prayer-meeting, at which earnest peti- 



152 THE SUNDAY-SCHOOIv 

tions are offered to God for his blessings to fall 
upon the work of the afternoon, and for the 
seed sown in the hearts of the scholars to be 
quickened into rich spiritual life. It is a rev- 
erent and stimulating service. 

A monthly teachers' meeting is held, at 
which the affairs of the school are freely dis- 
cussed, and suggestions, having for their object 
the improvement of the school, offered. At 
some of these gatherings tea is served, and this 
never fails to add a delightful social flavor to 
the meetings. 

For many years special emphasis has been 
placed by our leaders on the necessity of a 
careful study of the lesson on the part of the 
teachers. In order to encourage such study, 
weekly teachers' meetings have long been an 
important feature of the work. Until some- 
what recently these meetings were held in the 
chapel parlor ; they are now held in the hall of 
the South Branch Young Men's Christian As- 
sociation, where not only our own teachers but 
those of neighboring churches enjoy the privi- 
lege. For many years this class was taught by 
Dr. Miller, He relinquished the work only on 
severing his connection with the Hollond field. 

On the 4th of April, ^^, the school 
met with a serious loss in the resignation of 
Mr. Robert C. Ogden. On that day he oc- 
cupied the desk as our leader for the last 




William L. Dubois 



THE SUNDAY-SCHOOL 153 

time, and in his accustomed address on the 
lesson made no allusion whatever to the fact 
that the close of the session would also wit- 
ness the close of his official connection with 
the school. He ended his splendid service of 
eighteen years with no self-laudation, with no 
mawkish sentimentality, with no undignified 
allusions to his noble record. He went from 
us as quietly as he had done on hundreds 
of other Sunday afternoons, and in his going 
only the teachers and a few of the scholars 
knew of the almost irreparable loss which had 
come upon us. His letter of resignation, dated 
April 4th, was received and accepted by the 
teachers at their meeting on the following 
evening. It had long been known that his 
business relations with Wanamaker's New 
York establishment, of which he was the head, 
would, sooner or later, compel him to give up 
the superintendency of the school, and the 
teachers were in a measure prepared for the 
letter. It was, however, with unfeigned regret 
that they acceded to its request. One para- 
graph of his letter was as follows : 

"It is impossible to refer at length to the 
happy associations in the Hollond school — to 
its vicissitudes, anxieties, failures, and suc- 
cesses. The officers and teachers do not need 
any assurance from me of sympathy and re- 
gard. An expression of my gratitude would 



154 THE SUNDAY-SCHOOIv 

be equally superfluous. The many years of 
comradeship have made an understanding that 
is beyond verbal statement." 

The following action was taken by the officers 
and teachers: 

'^Resolved, That in accepting the resigna- 
tion of Mr. Robert C. Ogden, superintendent 
of the school for the past eighteen years, we 
hereby express our sincere regret that circum- 
stances over which he has no control have 
compelled him to sever his connection with 
our school. His loss will be the more felt 
when we remember his worth as a man, his 
ability as a teacher, his effectiveness as a 
speaker, the urbanity of his manner, and his 
activity and benevolence as a Christian. He 
carries with him to his new sphere of useful- 
ness the highest regards and best wishes of us 
all." 

Mr. Ogden's fine personality, uncompromis- 
ing integrity and masterful strength of char- 
acter exercised a strong, uplifting influence on 
the members of the school. He raised the 
standard of manhood, and gave to the work an 
added dignity, Life to many means more of 
earnestness, of self-reliance, and of faithful en- 
deavor because of his kindly presence among 
us. 

Mr. William L,. Cooke, who became the as- 
sociate superintendent under Mr. Charles E. 
Morris in 187 1, had temporary charge of the 
school after Mr. Ogden's resignation, until 



THE SUNDAY-SCHOOL 155 

November i, 1897, when he was elected, 
against his earnest protest, to the superintend- 
ency, a position which he has continued to fill 
with unwavering fidelity. Mr. Henry A. 
Walker, his associate in the work since Octo- 
ber, 1886, gives invaluable assistance in help- 
ing to maintain order, and in seeing that classes 
are supplied with teachers. 

The officers and teachers at the present time 
are : Superintendent, William L,. Cooke ; asso- 
ciate superintendent, Henry A. Walker; Sab- 
bath-school treasurer, Wm. L. DuBois ; mis- 
sionary treasurer, John Russell ; recording sec- 
retary, Robert G. Maguire ; statistical secre- 
taries, Wm. B. Hens, T. EHwood Frame, Geo, 
Rhea Carr, John C. Heil ; distributing secre- 
taries, Wm. H. Fulmer, Wm. E. Thompson, 
Warren P. Dexter ; librarians, A. W. Martin, 
J. T. Williams, Wm. Macpherson, R. B. Parsons; 
leader of singing, Frank S. Holloway ; organ- 
ist. Miss Tillie Keller ; cornetist, Asher H. 
Frame ; violinist, Chester Griesemer. 

Door-keepers — William McFarland, A. H. 
Kruse, Wm. Moeller. Teachers of Primary " 
Department — Miss Josephine A. Bloch, Miss 
Martha J. Crowe, Miss Bessie G. Overbeck, 
Miss Anne P. Gamon. Teachers of Junior 
Department — Miss Cooke, Miss Tillie McKin- 
ley, Miss Emma P. Blume. Teachers of Main 
School— John Russell, H. P. Ford, Miss 



156 THE SUNDAY-SCHOOIv 

Elizabeth Potts, Mrs. E. B. Morris, Theodore 
H. Loder, Mrs. George Edward Martin, Major 
George Gow, Miss Lydia S. Penrose, Mrs. 
Mary B. S Fox, Henry A. Walker, Miss 
Alice F. Douglas, Thomas Gamon, Miss Leah 
Welsh, Miss E. L. Pinkerton, Miss Bertha 
Sutphin, Miss Laura Hurgeton, Miss Katie 
Davis, Frank L. Hansen, Mrs. Rebecca C. 
McVickar, Walter J. Whitaker, Huntley R. 
Murdock, Miss Margaret Auld, Miss Mattie 
Patton, James F. Wallace, Miss Jane L. Ham- 
ilton, George D. Mcllvaine, Miss Ida Bloch, 
Miss Sara Eddie, Robert G. Maguire, Miss 
Mary Niven, Miss Mabel H. Briscoe, William 
L. DuBois, Mrs. W. H. Gill, Mrs. M. V. 
Mitchell, Miss Anna E. Blume, F. M. Brasel- 
mann. Miss Minnie L Taylor, Miss Sara Barst- 
ler, Miss Sara J. Hanna, Miss Harriet Scott, 
Miss Annie Kennedy, Miss Mary B. Allen, 
Miss Harriet K. Hopkins, Miss Margaretta B. 
Morris, Miss M. A. Dickson, Mrs. George D. 
Mcllvaine, Mrs. Catharine S. Tonilinson, 
Mrs. Etta Harpel, Miss Margaret Burns, Miss 
Isabella Chalker, Miss Elizabeth Rivell, Miss 
Margaret Welsh, Frank R. Buckalew, Rev. 
L. L. Overman, Miss Tillie McKinney, Miss 
Mary Macpherson, James H. Taitt, and 
Samuel H. Barsller. Substitute teachers — 
Benjamin F. Lutton, Robert H. Pre.-ton, Miss 
Margaret M. Smith, Mrs. Mary McAllister, 




Robert G. Maguire 



THE SUNDAY-SCHOOL 157 

Miss Mattie McFadden, Miss Mary Murphy, 
Daniel B. McAllister and Prof. Edward Mac- 
Harg. As teacher, substitute teacher, and 
recording secretary, Prof. MacHarg has ren- 
dered valuable service to the school for many 
years. 

Of the seventy officers and teachers connec- 
ted with the school in 1876, six only are now 
actively engaged in the work — William I,. 
Cooke, Miss Cooke, Miss L,. S. Penrose, Wil- 
liam L. DuBois, Miss Elizabeth Potts, and 
Miss Elizabeth Rivell. Miss Rivell was one 
of the charter members of the Moyamensing 
Church, and has always been devotedly at- 
tached to the work. 




CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 

Attention has been given at various times 
to many plans which have had in them promise 
of usefulness in the development of the church 
and school; some were temporary expedients, 
others obtained a permanent place in the work. 
Among those which have been, or still are, 
more or less influential for good, may be men- 
tioned the Young Men's Improvement Society, 
Young People's Pastors' Aid, Pastors' Ladies' 
Aid Society, Kitchen Garden Class (the first 
of the kind in Philadelphia), Sewing School, 
Mothers' Meeting, Parents' and Children's 
Meeting, Boys' Lyceum, Gospel Links (a 
temperance organization), Wadsworth Deba- 
ting and Literary Club, Young Men's Prayer 
and Conference Meeting, Young Men's Union, 
Brotherhood of Andrew and Philip, King's 
Daughters, King's Sons, Woman's Home and 
Foreign Missionary Society, Boys' and Girls' 
Mission Band, Young Ladies' Mission Band, 
Little Light Bearers (a mission band for chil- 
dren under five years). Boys' Brigade, Literary 
Circle, Fifteen Club (also a literary circle), 



CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 159 

Chatauqua Circle, Young People's Association, 
Christian Endeavor Society, Junior Endeavor 
Society, University Lectures, Young Men's 
Christian Association, Athletic Association, 
Ushers' Association, Choir, Beneficial Society, 
Building Association, Conference of Workers, 
Organ Vesper Services, and Normal Class. 

It seems well to give a more extended out- 
line of some of the present working forces. 

We have always been proud of our volunteer 
chorus Choir. It is an organization on which 
depends much of the effective- 
THE ness of the Sunday worship. 

CHOIR 1"^^ members are faithful in 
the performance of their duties 
— often at a considerable sacrifice of time and 
of self. Mr. Theodore H. Loder was for many 
years the devoted leader. On entering the 
new church in the autumn of 1893, the Choir 
was re-organized and greatly enlarged under 
the supervision of Mr. Russell King Miller, 
who occupied the dual position of organist and 
musical director until 1895, when Mr. Charles 
M. Schmitz became musical director, Mr. 
Miller continuing as organist. Mr. Schmitz 
served with entire acceptance until June, 1897, 
when, to the regret of all, he relinquished his 
position. The members of the Choir presented 
him with a complimentary letter setting forth 
their appreciation of his services. 



i6o CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 

Mr. Miller again resumed the duties of musi- 
cal director in addition to his work as organist 
— a position he continued to hold until the 7th 
of August, 1898, when he resigned to accept a 
similar charge in the First Church, German- 
town. The Choir took the following action 
on his resignation: 

Resolved, That we express our high appre- 
ciation of the long and faithful services of Mr. 
Russell King Miller in our behalf, and of his 
untiring and successful efforts to elevate the 
musical standard of our church; and be it 
further 

Resolved, That we extend to him our grate- 
ful thanks for the help, the devotion, and the 
encouragement he has given to us in the past. 
Our most sincere and earnest wishes for his 
prosperity and usefulness go with him as he 
enters upon his new duties. 

Mr. William Smith had charge of the organ 
until the 2d of the following October, on which 
date Mr. D. E. Crozier, who is still with us, 
assumed the duties of organist and musical 
director. 

On the 1 2th of February, 1898, the Choir 
became a regularly organized body, with Mr. 
J. Milton Carr as its president, a position he 
still holds. 

Organ Recitals were introduced by Mr. 




John Milton Carr 



CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS i6i 

Miller shortly after the dedication of the new 
building. At these recitals some 
TALs AND of the leading organists of the 
VESPER country have been the perform- 
ers. The Vesper Services, also 
introduced by Mr. Miller, and continued by 
Mr. Crozier, are held during the winter on 
Sunday afternoons. They are designed to give 
opportunity for a quiet, restful half-hour to 
those who feel inclined to enter the church 
for meditation and prayer. The music, the 
beauty of the windows, and the holy stillness, 
all conspire to make lives cleaner, thoughts 
nobler, and hearts purer. 

On the evening of February 5, 1887, Dr. 
J. R. Miller invited a number of young ladies 
to meet at his house to talk over 
KING'S t^^ practicability of an organiza- 
DAUGHTERs tion lu Holloud somewhat similar 
to the one started the year pre- 
vious in New York City by Mrs. Bottome, 
known as the King's Daughters. This was 
the first meeting of the kind, so far as known, 
in Philadelphia. It was determined to under- 
take the work, and the Circle which was then 
organized was known as the " Ten Times One 
Club " — the name, " King's Daughters," was 
soon after adopted. The members of the 
original circle met together a few times only 
and then went out by twos to form other 



i62 CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 

circles. Many of our young ladies became 
interested in and subsequently strongly at- 
tached to the work. In November, 1892, 
these circles met together for the first time to 
form the King's Daughters' Union, the object 
being "to unite all the King's Daughters of 
HoUond Church in the endeavor to develop 
spiritual life and to stimulate to Christian 
sympathy." Miss Alice Anthony vi^as the first 
president. 

The work performed by this devoted sister- 
hood has been of jnestimable value to the 
church. The sick in hospitals and in private 
homes have been visited; old people and little 
children have been taken to quiet country 
places; tired and neglected wives and mothers 
have been given outings; rents have been paid; 
coal, food, and clothing have been provided 
for the needy; "shut-ins" have had sympa- 
thetic words to brighten their lives, and books 
and flowers to cheer their loneliness; baskets 
have been sent to the poor at Christinas times; 
entertainments have been provided for desti- 
tute children; and large contributions have 
been made to our church building fund. The 
group of five west windows, and also one or 
two other windows in the new church, were 
paid for by the several circles. All honor to 
these noble workers who thus quietly, unos- 
tentatiously, and often self-sacrificingly, con- 



CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 163 

tribute to make the hidden current of the 
church life so full of beauty and so rich in 
blessing ! 

The Woman's Home and Foreign Mission- 
ary Society was organized about 1882, and has 
done a noble work in extending 
MISSIONARY hands of blessing and cheer to 

SOCIETIES many spiritually destitute por- 
tions of our own country and of 
foreign fields. Mrs. J. R. Miller was the first 
president, Mrs. R. B. Anthony, who has long 
been unselfishly devoted to the work, was for 
ten years its president, an ofiice she was com- 
pelled to relinquish on account of ill health. 
Mrs. W. H. Gill is now the president. 

The Society, as originally organized, was an 
effort to create an interest in foreign mission 
work, but for a long while past the home and 
foreign fields have received equal attention — 
the monthly meetings being alternately de- 
voted to each, when an hour is spent in con- 
ference and prayer. The work for foreign 
fields is largely represented by donations made 
to schools in Kohlapur, India, and Tokyo, 
Japan; while the home work is represented by 
a scholarship in the Mary Gregory School for 
Indians, Oklahoma Territory. This is known 
as the Jennie Crosgrave Poulson scholarship, 
and was established to perpetuate the memory 
of Mrs. Jennie C. Poulson who was deeply in- 



i64 CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 

terested not only in the work of the Society 
(of which she was treasurer for eleven years), 
but also in all the efforts of the church to re- 
lieve distress and suffering. Her untimely 
death on the 9th of December, 1896, was felt 
in many branches of the work. 

The Yoimg Ladies' Mission Bajid was or- 
ganized in January, 1899, at the request of the 
younger members of the church; its object 
being to interest girls and young ladies in 
foreign mission fields. Miss Alice F. Douglas 
was elected president. Its contributions are 
given directly to the work of the Woman's 
Foreign Missionary Society, 

The Boys' and Girls' Mission Band, the ob- 
ject of which is to make its members familiar 
with Presbyterian mission stations, was organ- 
ized in 1886, and has been most helpful in 
giving to the children right conceptions of the 
importance of missions. Miss Margaret Hunter 
(now Mrs. Robert H. Kirk), was the first 
president. Miss Minnie Macpherson was its 
leader for a number of years. 

Suggested by Dr. William M. Paden, and 
financially assisted by Mr. Robert C. Ogden, 
the Boys' Brigade became one of 
BOYS' the organizations of the church 
BRIGADE in April, 1895, with a member- 
ship of twenty-five. Since that 
time it has steadily increased in numbers and 



"H^ 


^M 




|F 


^^^^■I^H ^^^■i^^H 


w^ 








y 




Major George A. Gow 



CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 165- 

proficiency. It is now one of the leading 
companies of the city. George A. Gow was 
made major, a position he still fills. It would 
be a difficult matter to match his faithfulness 
and devotion. Not only have the youthful 
soldiers received training in military move- 
ments, but — which is the vital thing in all 
organizations connected with church work — 
they have been well taught in other ways. 
The recitation of Scripture and other devo- 
tional exercises, are important features at every 
drill. Many boys have been induced to attend 
Sunday-school, and a number of the members 
have united with the church. Miss Minnie I. 
Taylor has endeared herself to all the boys by 
her faithful work at the organ. 

Every member of the Brigade takes the 
following pledge: 

" I promise and pledge, that so long as I am 
a member of the Boys' Brigade, I will not use 
tobacco, nor intoxicating liquor, in any form; 
that I will not use profane nor vulgar language; 
that I will obey faithfully the company rules, 
and that I will at all times set an example of 
good conduct to my comrades and other boys." 

They are taught that Christian gallantry is 
shown in courage, obedience, helpfulness, and 
courtesy; that the best soldier is ever the finest, 
truest gentleman. The main objects of the 
movement are : The advancement of Christ's 



i66 CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 

kingdom among boys; the promotion of habits 
of reverence, discipline, and self-respect; and 
the cultivation of all that tends towards true 
Christian manliness. 

This institution, which is just across the 

street from us, is quite as helpful as if it were 

on our own property and under 

SOUTH BRANCH ,. ^ '^ ^ , ._ . . 

YOUNG MEN'S our dircct coutrol. Many of the 
CHRISTIAN advantages of a great institu- 

ASSOCIATION ^-11^ J ,, 1 

tional plant are secured through 
it for Hollond, while other churches have an 
equal share in its m'anifold benefits. It minis- 
ters to the needs of the body through its gym- 
nasium; of the mind, through its educational 
classes, libraries, and game rooms; and of the 
soul, through its religious meetings and spir- 
itual influence. Six members of Hollond are 
closely identified with its interests — Mr. Wil- 
liam I,. Cooke, as president ; Mr. Frank R. 
Buckalew, as secretary; and Messrs. Henry A. 
Walker, James C. Taylor, James D. Black- 
wood, and William J. Williams as four of the 
directors. 

Many expedients have been employed to in- 
culcate a love for learning and right culture in 
the hearts of the young people. 
LITERARY Auioug thcsc havc been debating 
CIRCLES clubs for the boys and young 
men, and reading circles for the 
young people of both sexes. In recent years. 



CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 167 

the best known of the latter were the Fifteen 
Club, which met on Wednesday evenings for 
the critical study of well-known poets and 
poems ; the Students' Club ; and the Chau- 
tauqua Circle. The Free Public I^ibrary, in 
the South Branch Young Men's Christian 
Association building, is proving an important 
medium of mental culture and information to 
our people. The University Extension Lec- 
tures, in which Dr. Matthew Woods is the 
recognized leader, are also a valuable source 
of pleasure and profit. 

This is one of the youngest of the working 

forces, its object being to promote friendship 

and sociability among the young 

ATHLETIC people of both sexes, and to give 
ASSOCIATION them an added opportunity for 
the cultivation of out-door exer- 
cise — such as lawn tennis, croquet, and bicyc- 
ling. Chess, checker, handball, and quoit clubs 
have also been formed. By much hard labor, 
the members transformed the lot back of the 
new church into a first-class play-ground, and 
formally dedicated it on the 4th of July, 1896. 
Dr. Paden and Mr. Ogden made addresses, and 
the Boys' Brigade was present in full uniform. 
Many young people enjoy the excellent oppor- 
tunity thus afforded for physical culture and 
development. 

It has been the policy of the church to 



i68 CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 

make Christianity as practicable as possible. 
Many of the city's poor, who 
COAL would like to be entirely inde- 
FUND pendent, are often obliged to ap- 
ply to charitable organizations for 
fuel in the cold winter months. In order that 
the needy of our congregation may be spared 
this humiliation, a branch of the Fuel Savings 
Society has been established in the church, and 
through it our people are encouraged to de- 
posit small amounts at stated periods in the 
summer to supply themselves with coal during 
the winter. The money thus collected is placed 
in a common fund and coal is purchased at 
wholesale rates, enabling the depositors to pro- 
cure much more for their money than they 
otherwise could. By this means many fami- 
lies have been kept from want and their self- 
respect has been maintained. We find the 
plan helpful. 

This Society was organized June 28, 1894, 

chiefly through the efforts of Mr. Andrew 

Martin. It has become very 

BENEFICIAL popular with those careful ones 

SOCIETY who believe in preparing for days 

of sickness in time of health. 

The Society was a success from the si art, and 

during these years has been a blessing to many 

who have been incapacitated from work 

through illness. The sick benefits are $5 



CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 169 

per week, and the sum of $75.00 is, in case of 
death, paid for funeral expenses. At the end 
of each fiscal year all the money remaining in 
the treasury, after the expenses are paid, is 
divided pro rata among the members in good 
standing. The Society is then re-organized 
for the ensuing year. 

This Association, known as the " Samuel M. 
Kennedy," issued its first stock on the loth of 

September, 1894. Mr. James C. 

BUILDING Taylor, who was at the heart of 

ASSOCIATION the movement, became its first 

president. It has had a very suc- 
cessful career. Many of our people are stock- 
holders and therefore directly interested in its 
well-being. It is proving a good investment to 
those who are using it merely as a savings fund, 
as it has paid an annual profit of over six per 
cent. It is also helpful to those who through 
it have bought and are now paying for their 
homes. In encouraging many to cultivate 
habits of thrift and economy it has been of very 
practical service. 

It is a good thing for churches to have 
their workers come together now and then 

to learn what the several organ- 

coNFERENCE Izatlous are trying to accom- 

woRKERs plish. For several years this 

has been very successfully car- 
ried out in Hollond. The plan is thus de- 



lyo CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 

scribed in The Open Church of April, 1897 : 
" The various organizations working in the 
church are all brought together in an annual 
conference of Hollond workers. They gather 
at a tea, prepared by a committee of ladies, 
and then every department is represented by 
some chosen speaker. This is an original idea, 
or at least carried out in an original way, and 
it has been found to work very admirably. 
The pastors present the work from their point 
of view, the superintendents of the Sunday- 
school voice its needs, and each department is 
represented through an appointed speaker." 
Thus all are made familiar with what is being 
attempted. 

The Christian Endeavor Society was organ- 
ized in the chapel parlor on the 4th of Octo- 
ber, 1892, with the following 
CHRISTIAN members: Rev. W. M. Paden, 
^so°c?ety" D, D., Rev. J, R. Miller, D. D., 
Mrs. M. H. Allen, Miss Kath- 
eryn T, Anderson, Joseph Anderson, Thomas 
Boyle, Miss Margaret Burns, J, Milton Carr, 
G. Rhea Carr, Ray H. Carter, Miss I^otta 
M. Cavin, Charles A. Chew, Miss Jessie S. 
Connerd, Miss Jennie Crosgrave, Miss Helen 
Crossley, Miss Caroline A. Douglas, Miss 
Alice F. Douglas, Miss Margaret Eddie, 
Miss Sara Eddie, Miss Sadie Fleming, Harry 
P. Ford, Cleveland Frame, Miss Sara J. 



CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 171 

Hanna, Miss Martha Hartman, Charles A. 
Hoehling, Miss Mary R. Hunter, Miss Kathar- 
ine Hunter, Miss Jessie Jamieson, George H. 
Kelly, Samuel M. Kennedy, Miss Emma 
Knous, Joseph MacMorris, Miss Minnie Mac- 
pherson, Miss Margaret Macpherson, Miss 
Tillie McKinley, John McKnight, Miss 
Rebecca McNevin, John Molitor, Miss Lizzie 
Orr, Miss Maggie Patton, Miss Lillie Pairman, 
George M. Peak, Miss C. E. Ramsay, Miss 
Malvina Toram, Miss Clara A. Walker, Miss 
Eillie Williamson, Miss Etta Wilson. 

The following united as associated members : 
Miss Helen Gillison, Walter Higgenbotham, 
William K. Miller, Donald Pairman, Miss 
Hattie Ramsay, Miss Nettie Reid. 

This movement was the outgrowth of a flour- 
ishing Young People's Association, which, 
since 1876, had been an important factor in the 
advancement of the general work. Under the 
able leadership of Mr. George H. Kelly, the 
first president, the new organization was a suc- 
cess from the beginning. So many active 
workers are now connected with it that, with 
the exception of the monthly consecration 
service, which is usually under the care of the 
president, it is seldom that a member, however 
prominent, is called on to lead more than one 
meeting during the year. It has frequently 
happened at the monthly roll-call that all the 



172 CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 

members, save perhaps a half-dozen, have re- 
sponded to their names by a verse, a prayer, 
or a brief talk; once only one failed to respond. 
It has been a long time since any of the mem- 
bers have responded to their names by answer- 
ing " Present," and we trust that such a ques- 
tionable method of easing one's conscience will 
never again be revived. 

The names of the leaders for the entire year, 
and notes relative to the local work, are printed 
and then inserted in the Presbyterian Hand- 
book, which is issued annually. By having 
this useful booklet constantly at hand, the 
members become familiar with the work that is 
being carried on by the Presbyterian Church 
through its several Boards, As a rule, much 
is made of the annual meeting in October, at 
which time the interior of the chapel is decor- 
ated, a good supper enjoyed, reports made by 
the chairmen of the several committees, and 
new officers elected. 

Much of the far-reaching usefulness of this 
important organization is doubtless due to the 
fact that a fairly successful effort is constantly 
being made to have all the members interested 
in the work. Every member is on a committee, 
and is expected to help. The several commit- 
tees touch life at many points, and open to the 
young people neglected fields of untold useful- 
ness. Many missions in our own and other 



CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 173 

lands have been encouraged by substantial 
tokens of remembrance from the Missionary 
Committee ; sailors on many seas, and the sick 
in many of our hospitals, have been made better 
by helpful books, magazines, and tracts which 
have been distributed by the Good Literature 
Committee ; and the entire membership has 
grown into larger usefulness through the im- 
pelling influence of these and the other com- 
mittees in inspiring in them a desire to be 
helpful to others. It is but just that special 
mention should be made of the faithful work of 
the Floating Committee, which holds a meet- 
ing every Sunday morning at the Barracks at 
League Island; assists the chaplain (by leading 
the singing) at the service held an hour later 
on the receiving ship Richmond; conducts an 
Endeavor service on the Richmond every 
Wednesday evening; and frequently visits the 
Marine Hospital. Much of the success of the 
recent work has been due to the enthusiastic 
leadership of Miss Sara Eddie. Letters of 
grateful appreciation from soldiers in Manila 
and Cuba, and from sailors on men-of-war, 
speak volumes in favor of the value of the work. 
Rev. Thomas A. Gill, chaplain in the U. S. 
Navy, and for a long while stationed at League 
Island, thus wrote to Miss Eddie after his re- 
cent removal to another station : 

"I can hardly tell 3'ou what a solace and 



174 CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 

comfort the co-operation of yourself and co- 
workers was to me in my work on the Rich- 
mond at League Island. Aside from the bear- 
ing of it on the common Christian work, in 
which we were all interested, it greatly en- 
couraged and sustained me personally in the 
isolation attending such work as mine on a 
ship-of-war. Your faithful presence and co- 
working made me feel that I was in touch with 
the real, warm Christian world. I pointedly 
indicated, the value of your co-operation in my 
report to the Secretary of the Navy at the close 
of last year. I indeed miss your help on the 
ship where I now am." 

Two handsome pictures — "Christ in Geth- 
semane," and the battleship " Brooklyn " — 
the former from Chaplain Gill and the latter 
from the men of the " Brooklyn," have 
been presented to our workers as a mark of 
appreciation. These pictures hang on the 
wall of the chapel parlor and are highly 
prized. 

At the annual meeting in October of this 
year (1899), Miss Sara Eddie was elected 
president; Miss Sallie Peak and Mr. James H. 
Taitt, vice-presidents ; Mr. W. C. M. Barstler, 
recording secretary ; Miss Josephine Bloch, 
treasurer ; and Miss Sara F. Barstler, corres- 
ponding secretary. 

After several conferences of the Executive 




Miss Sara Eddie 



CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 175 

Committee of the Christian Endeavor Society, 
it was resolved, with the approval 

THE JUNIOR r ., . . 

CHRISTIAN of the pastors, to organize a 
ENDEAVOR Junior Endeavor Society. This 
interesting event took place on 
the 29th of March, 1896, and James D, Ger- 
hardt was elected president. The original 
members were Roscoe C. Barstler, William E. 
Batchelder, Eva Begley, Katie Bentz, Lillie 
Bickley, Ida Caldwell, Nellie Caldwell, Frank 
Christopher, Crete Connelly, Lillie Dobbins, 
Maud Dobbins, Orpha Farren, Emma G. Gar- 
diner, James D. Gerhardt, Robert A. E- Hamp- 
ton, Robert J. Hunter, George W. Johnston, 
Maidie Kennedy, Wilson Kessler, Bella Kyle, 
Cassie Eittle, Walter Martin, Hattie McKinley, 
Vinnie Mintzer, Lizzie Morrison, Albert A. 
Myers, Eouis ODonnell, Louise C. Roelofs, 
Lizzie Taitt, Samuel J. Taitt, Florence Thorp, 
Mary Torrens, Bessie Selfridge, Charles A. 
Smith, Raymond Steinbach, Walter G. Stein- 
bach, Anna Stewart, Mamie Stewart, and John 
Stinson. 

The children have had many pleasant out- 
ings. On one of the excursions to Menlo Park, 
given by the Sunday-school, they had a special 
car to themselves. When Dr. Paden left for 
Utah, the Juniors made him a present of a 
fountain pen " as a slight token of their appre- 
ciation of his loving-kindness to them and of 



176 CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 

their affectionate regard for him." They also 
gave him a five-dollar gold piece, with the fol- 
lowing note : 

" We understand that you are going to a 
field scarcely larger than Hollond was when 
you came here fourteen years ago. Our par- 
ents tell us that you had not been with us long 
before you began to feel, and to make them 
feel, the need of a new church, and that you 
gave yourself and them but little rest until our 
beautiful new building crowned your efforts 
with success. Now we have been thinking 
that you will not be in Salt Lake City very 
long before both you and your people there 
will be feeling something of the same need of 
a new place of worship, so we have determined 
to give you Five Dollars to start a Building 
Fund at once. You will find the amount in a 
coin of pure gold— emblematic of the love we 
bear you. If you need more money let us 
know and we will see you through." 

To this Dr. Paden made the following re- 
sponse : 

" No token of hope or love which I have 
ever received has pleased rce more than yours; 
it was so full of confidence in the good things 
to come. The pen I shall use every day; if I 
do not learn to write more plainly, I think I 
shall at least write the more hopefully and lov- 
ingly because of your gift; and the gold is 



CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 177 

worth more to me than a large nugget from the 
Klondike. I hope you will one day know that 
it has increased ten thousand fold." 

Under the loving care of Miss Sara Barstler 
and Miss Margaret Burns, the work is still 
carried on with every promise of much future 
usefulness to the church and school. 

The two photographs of the members, which 
are here reproduced, were taken on the first 
excursion to Bartram's Gardens, May 16, 
1896. 

The Ushers' Association is one of the 
youngest and most progressive of our many 
activities. It was organized on 
USHERS' the i6th of October, 1893, and 
ASSOCIATION rapidly developed into one of the 
most useful of our working forces. 
In seating and making comfortable the congre- 
gation, in the quiet and reverent methods of 
taking the collection, in the maintenance of 
order, and in the welcome extended to visitors, 
its members are constantly exercising a blessed 
and beneficent influence. They are also re- 
sponsible for the editorial and financial man- 
agement of the church paper. The Hoilond Re- 
minder; they see to it that it is issued regu- 
larly, free of expense to the church treasury. 
At the great Peace Jubilee in the fall of 1898, 
one of the handsomest stands on Broad street 
was erected by the Ushers in front of the 



178 CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 

church, from which they realized a total sum 
of $696.00, the net profits being $357.00. This 
amount is being used to assist in meeting the 
expense incurred in the publication of The 
Reminder. 

At the monthly meetings of the organization 
rouiine business is transacted, interesting pa- 
pers are read, instructive debates on live ques- 
tions are indulged in, and able addresses are 
delivered. ' 

The group of members which is here repro- 
duced was photographed January i, 1897. 

On the back row, at the extreme left of the 
picture, is George H. Kelly, the first presi- 
dent ; then follow in order William B. Hens, 
Charles A. Hoehling, William R. Taitt, James 
W. Stevenson, James C. Taylor, H. P. Ford, 
Charles A. Chew, Charles Hunter, Joseph Mac- 
Morris, William A. Leonard, Andrew Martin, 
and Andrew R. Poulson. 

On the middle row, beginning at the left, 
are Daniel J. Weaver, Harry B. Smithson, John 
Russell, Frank L. Hansen, and William E. 
Thompson. 

On the lower row, beginning at the left, are 
Joseph C. Ramsey, Eugene Smith, Huntley 
Murdock, George Rhea Carr, T. Ellwood 
Frame, and Chester D. Griesemer. 

In the death of Mr. William R. Taitt, on the 
28th of March, 1899, at the early age of thirty 



CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 179 

years, the Association met with its greatest 
loss. At the time of his death he was the presi- 
dent of the organization. By his quiet influ- 
ence, remarkable energy and unselfish devotion 
he had done much to increase its prosperity 
and usefulness. Mr. Charles Traub succeeded 
him in the presidency. 

The following is copied from a book recently 
issued by Dodd, Mead & Co., New York, en- 
titled " Modern Methods in Church Work " : 

" The ushers at one end of the church are as 
important as the minister at the other. The 
first impression which strangers receive on 
coming into a church is usually from the ush- 
ers. The courteous welcome and ready atten- 
tion, and the prompt seating of visitors, as well 
as the regular attendants, when necessary, is 
no small factor in the success of winning people. 

' ' If there is any body of men who need to be 
prayed for, who ought to pray for themselves, 
that they may at once realize the importance, 
delicacy and dignity of their office, it is the 
ushers of a church, 

' ' The Ushers' Association of the Hollond 
Memorial Church, Philadelphia, is deserving 
of mention. This organization has published 
in a neat attractive form its constitution and 
by-laws, together with the names of the officers 
and members. The suggestions to ushers 
contained in this booklet are so capital that a 



i8o CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 

copy of them should be in the hands of every 
usher in the country : 

1 . Be at your post fifteen minutes before time 
for service. 

2. Be careful to reserve seats when requested 
to do so. 

3. Fill your front seats first. 

4. Knov^^ how many each pew wall seat, and 
see that it is filled when the house is crowded. 

5. Make an effort to seat friends together. 

6. Give strangers the best seats, and see 
that they have a hymn-book or programme. 
(Read Hebrews xiii : 2.) 

7. The head usher should make it his busi- 
ness to direct the ushering. He should see 
that the house is evenly seated, and that the 
ushers do their work properly. 

8. Never seat anyone during prayer or the 
rendering of special music. 

9. Be prompt in starting the collection, but 
go slow in taking it, and be careful not to 
slight any one. 

10. Keep the air good. If it becomes close, 
open windows during the singing. 

11. Be quiet and reverent in your work. 

12. Do not permit groups to assemble in the 
back part of the church and talk before or dur- 
ing the service. 

"Once a year this Society gives a supper 
and entertainment to the men of the church. 




Charles Traub 



CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS i8i 

The work of the Association is then re- 
viewed, other short addresses are made, and a 
general good time is realized. In speaking of 
this Association, the Rev. J. R. Miller, D. D., 
says : ' It has worked admirably. It is a good 
thing for the young men themselves. It has 
trained them to thoughtfulness and helpfulness 
in many ways. They have learned to greet 
people cordially and to take an interest in 
strangers, old people, and poor people. Beside, 
it has been of great advantage to the church, 
assuring system and order in the seating of 
people, and in the taking up of collections.' " 
The present membership is as follows : Dr. 
George E. Martin, Rev. ly. L. Overman, Fur- 
man Algie, Royal Balch, Samuel H. Barstler, 
W. C. M. Barstler, Thomas Boyle, Frank R. 
Buckalew, Carroll H. Burton, W. S. Butler, 
Robert Carnswarth, J. Milton Carr, G. Rhea 
Carr, Charles A. Chew, W. I.. Cooke, M. G. 
Crillman, William Cutler, Frank J. Day, War- 
ren P. Dexter, John Dunn, George Flanagan, 
H. P. Ford, T. EUwood Frame, Wm. H. Ful-, 
mer, William K. Gorham, George A. Gow, 
Chester Griesemer, Frank E. Hansen, Lewis 
P. Harding, John C. Heil, Wm. B. Hens, 
Hermann Hillebrand, Frank Hitchens, Chas. 
A. Hoehling, Charles Hunter, George H. 
Kelly, Wm. A. I^eonard, Harry Light, T. H. 
lyoder, George Loder, Benjamin F. Lutton, 



i82 CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 

Joseph MacMorris, Andrew Martin, Huntley 
R. Murdock, David McAfee, Daniel B. Mc- 
Allister, William McFarland, George D. Mc- 
Ilvaine, Thomas Iv. Niven, Chas. Oelschalger, 
Hugh O'Neill, George M. Peak, R. H. Pres- 
ton, Andrew R. Poulson, J. C. Ramsey, J. H. 
Restine, John Russell, Harry P. Smithson, J. 
W. Stevenson, Robert J. Sterritt, James H. 
Taitt, James C.Taylor, Wm. E. Thompson, Wm. 
J. Tomliuson, Charles Traub, J. S. Tweddle, 
Henry A. Walker, James Wallace, Daniel J. 
Weaver, J. E. Williams, David Woods. 

For many years this helpful gathering for 

conference and prayer was held on Friday 

evenings ; on the 23rd of Novem- 

CONGREGA- , o o i.i- .• • i ^ 

TioNAL t)er, 1898, the meetmg night was 
PRAYER changed to Wednesday. While 

MEETING , . , , 

these services are never so largely 
attended as they should be, yet those who come 
find them helpful and stimulating. With but 
few exceptions, those who are doing the most 
to advance the interests of the church are to be 
found at one or both of our week-night prayer 
meetings, audit is doubtless here that they get 
much of the spiritual stimulus for continuance 
in well-doing. The value of these quiet gath- 
erings to our church, and to those who regu- 
larly attend them, cannot be overestimated. 
Miss Katie Linsenmeyer has long been the 
faithful organist. 



CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 183 

The money devoted to this purpose is eco- 
nomically administered. Fortunately, there 

are but few desperately poor peo- 

DEAcoNS- P'^ connected with our church, 

FUND and that this is so is doubtless 

due largely to our policy to give 
as little financial aid as possible, but rather to 
encourage and help the needy to be self-sup- 
porting and self-reliant. In the carrying out 
of this policy many families to-day are living 
in comfort who in all probability would other- 
wise be helpless. We give financial assistance 
only when it seems to be absolutely necessary ; 
and those to whom money is given are encour- 
aged to return it, if possible, in order that it 
may continue its helpful mission to others. 
Our aim is to build up character, even in our 
charities. 

This helpful Class was organized by Dr. 
Martin in January, 1899, and meets on Friday 

evening. The course of study 

NORMAL covers three years — the first, to 

CLASS be devoted to the authorship, 

main divisions, purpose, and dates 
of the books of the Old Testament ; the second, 
to a similar study of the books of the New 
Testament ; and the third, to teaching in the 
Sunday-school and pursuing a course of read- 
ing directed by Dr. Martin. The conditions 
of membership in this Class are : ist, a pur- 



i84 CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 

pose to complete the course in three years ; 
and, 2nd, an earnest desire to know more of 
God's Word. From its very nature the work 
has promise of much future usefulness and is 
already very popular with its members. 

From the dedication of the chapel down to 
the present time a number of papers have 
been issued to keep the work of 
CHURCH ^hs church before the congrega- 
PAPERs tion. The fir.st paper was pub- 
lished in October, 1874. It was 
a small four-paged monthly, and was known 
as Our Leaflet. It printed but little local 
news. The November Leaflet contained a list 
of the ofl&cers and teachers of the school. Un- 
fortunately, however, the last names only of 
the workers were given. Obeying a well- 
known law of nature, the Leaflet appears to 
have passed out of existence before the snows 
of December came. 

In January, 1875, Our Sabbath- School Helper, 
a much larger paper, was issued. Of its twelve 
columns but one was devoted to the happen- 
ings of Hollond. Two or three numbers only 
were published. 

The successor of the Helper was The Hollond 
Quarterly, which appeared in September, 1879. 
Most of the space was devoted to orders of re- 
view exercise. The last number appears to 
have been issued in December, 1880. 



CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 185 

In November, 1882, The Holland Monthly 
made its first appearance, with Dr. Miller and 
Mr. W. L. Cooke as editors, and Mr. H. A. 
Walker as business manager. It was published 
under the supervision of the Young People's 
Pastor's Aid Association. The first page was 
devoted to stories, the second and third to church 
and school matters, and the last to advertise- 
ments. The advertisements were discontinued 
with the February, 1883, issue. After March, 
1883, the paper was not published until Decem- 
ber of the same year, when it awoke to renewed 
activity under the editorial management of 
Dr. Paden and Messrs. R. C. Ogden, W. I.. 
Cooke, Charles A. Oliver, and Samuel M. 
Kennedy. Mr. H. A. Walker retained his 
po.sition as business manager, with Mr. Chas. 
A. Chew as treasurer. In the February num- 
ber appeared Mr. MacMorris's excellent cut of 
the chapel, which has become so familiar to us. 
The paper appeared monthly up to and includ- 
ing January, 1885, and then in March, June 
and November, 1885, and in January, Febru- 
ary, March, May, and June, 1886. 

The Holland Quarterly was issued in Novem- 
ber, 1886, and was almost the exact counter- 
part of the Monthly. Drs. Paden and Miller, 
and Messrs. R. C. Ogden, W. I^. Cooke, Samuel 
Semple, and S. M. Kennedy were the editors. 

The Hollojid Messe?iger, issued January, 



i86 CHURCH ORGANIZATIONS 

1888, was the next paper. But three num- 
bers appear to have been published, the last 
one being in December, 1888. It was larger 
and more interesting than any of its predeces- 
sors. The first three pages were devoted to 
church news, and the fourth to advertisements. 
In the spring of 1892, Mr. Robert C. Ogden, 
at a teachers' meeting, spoke of the importance 
of a church paper and suggested that one be 
published. The outcome of this suggestion 
wah The Hollond Reyjiinder, which made its 
initial appearance on June 5th of that year. 
It contained no advertisements and all the 
expenses of publication were paid by Mr. 
Ogden. After continuing as a weekly for nine- 
teen consecutive numbers (the last number 
bearing date of October 9th, 1892), it was 
changed to a monthly — the first number of 
which was published in November, 1892. As 
a monthly, it was published by the Church 
Press Association, which allowed the church 
the first eight pages, free, for local news, the 
Association having the privilege of using the 
other eight pages for advertising purposes. 
This arrangement continued for four years, 
when the contract was canceled with the Octo- 
ber, 1896, issue, in order that the church might 
undertake the publication of the paper on its 
own responsibility. Under the new arrange- 
ment, the paper was published by the Christian 




D. B. McAllistef 



CHURCH ORGANIZA'EIONS 187 

Endeavor Society, the first number appearing 
in December, 1896, with Mr. Chester Griese- 
mer as the business manager. The paper con- 
tained sixteen pages in addition to the cover, 
and presented an attractive appearance, a 
special cover design having been drawn for it 
by Miss Caroline A. Douglas. 

Owing to Mr. Griesemer's serious illness, 
the business control of the paper was ofi"ered to 
and accepted by the Ushers' Association, and 
Mr. Ellwood Frame was appointed business 
manager. The first number under the new 
management appeared in April, 1897. After 
rendering valuable service, Mr. Frame re- 
signed, and Mr. Daniel B. McAllister suc- 
ceeded to his position. Although very much 
engaged with his personal business, Mr. Mc- 
Allister has given much time to this labor of 
love ; and it has been largely due to his earnest 
efforts, ably seconded by Mr. Thomas I^. 
Niven, that The Renmider has been continued 
to the present time. It is pleasant to state, 
that since its first appearance in June, 1892, 
the paper has been published without missing 
a single issue, save that of November, 1896, 
which was due to changing publishers. 

Bound copies of The Reminder may be found 
in the church library, and also in the library of 
the Presbyterian Historical Society. H. P. Ford 
has edited the paper from its beginning. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

" Our echoes roll from soul to soul, 
And grow forever and forever." 

One cannot make even a general review of 
the history of Hollond without being impressed 
with the vigorous and uplifting nature of the 
work, and with the singular devotion of the 
workers — characteristics which have marked 
the undertaking from the very beginning. In 
the early years, men and women of culture and 
refinement, who could lend an added grace to 
any position, left a pleasant church home, with 
delightful spiritual and social surroundings, 
to give themselves with consecrated energy to 
the cause of the poor and the friendless in a 
neglected portion of the city ; and not for a 
brief season only, but for long years of faithful 
service. Not only were they directly helpful 
at the time but their influence has continued 
through the years, and the Hollond life of to- 
day is cast in a finer mould because of them. 
To notice with any degree of fullness all who 
deserve special mention would require volumes; 
we must be content with brief sketches of a few 
of the official leaders. 



BIOGRAPHICAIv SKETCHES 189 

Henry Augustus Boardman, D. D., was born 

in Troy, New York, January 9th, 1808, and 

was graduated from Yale College, 

HENRY A. in September, 1829, being the 

BOARDMAN, i j ,. • r ■,• i tt 

P p valedictorian or his class. He 

studied law for a year and then 
determined to devote his life to the work of the 
gospel ministry. In the fall of 1830 he en- 
tered Princeton Theological Seminary, from 
which he was graduated three years later. He 
preached his first sermons in the Tenth Church 
July 28th, 1833, from the texts Luke 6: 43-45; 
Isaiah i: 2, 3. At a congregational meeting 
held on the 2nd of the following September he 
receiv^ed a call to become the pastor. This he 
accepted and on the 8th day of November he 
was ordained and installed. This was his first 
and only charge, and for forty-three years he 
filled the pulpit " with distinguished ability, 
learning and fidelity." 

In 1853, Dr. Boardman was elected by the 
General Assembly to the chair of Pastoral 
Theology in Princeton Seminary, made vacant 
by the death of Archibald x\lexander, which 
he declined to accept — many of the leading 
citizens, irrespective of denominational affilia- 
tion, uniting with the members of his own con- 
gregation in urging him to remain in Philadel- 
phia. In 1854, he was elected moderator of the 
(O. S.) General Assembly. 



igo BIOGRAPHICAIv SKETCHES 

On the 5th of May, 1S76, Dr. Boardraan 
addressed a tender and affectionate letter to his 
people, requesting them, in view of his im- 
paired health, to unite with hira in an applica- 
tion to Presbytery dissolving the pastoral rela- 
tionship. In this letter he thus generously 
alludes to his two associates: "Restricted of 
late years to one sermon a Sabbath, my lack of 
service has been liberally supplied by my able 
and excellent associates, the Rev. lyouis R. 
Fox, from January, 1872, to June, 1874, and 
since November 29th, 1874, by the Rev. J. 
Henry Sharpe. On the occasion of Mr. Fox's 
resignation, speaking not less for me than for 
yourselves, you bore your cordial and united 
testimony to ' his piety and earnestness, his 
fidelity and zeal, in the discharge of his co-pas- 
toral duties.' And you will pay the same tri- 
bute to his successor, Mr. Sharpe, from whose 
lips (let me add) I have never heard, in the 
eighteen months he has been with us, a single 
common-place sermon. My intercourse with 
these brethren has been of the most refreshing 
character. In serving you faithfully, their 
uniform courtesy and kindness towards myself 
have converted this very delicate relation into 
a source of the greatest comfort and encour- 
agement." 

Very reluctantly the congregation determined 
to acquiesce in Dr. Boardman's request. At a 




Rev. H. a. Boardman, D. D. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 191 

meeting of Presbytery held in the Tenth Pres- 
byterian Church an the 25th of May, 1876, the 
following action was taken on the resignation : 

" Resolved, That the Presbytery accede to 
the united request of Dr. Boardman and the 
Tenth Church for the dissolution of the pastoral 
relation." 

Resolutions of regret and esteem were 
adopted by both the Presbytery and the church. 
By the vote of both bodies Dr. Boardman was 
made "pastor emeritus," a position he held 
until his death on the 15th of June, 1880, in 
his seventy-third year. He had returned the 
preceding day from Atlantic City, and although 
he was known to be ill his sickness caused no 
serious alarm. He grew worse, however, dur- 
ing the night and quietly passed away the 
following morning. 

Dr. Boardman was an able writer. His 
printed works embrace above a dozen volumes 
and some twenty-five or thirty discourses and 
other pamphlets. Of his ability as a preacher, 
Dr. Alfred Nevin wrote : " He was evangelical 
and elevated in his thought, and pure, simple, 
and direct in his style. He charmed while he 
instructed his people, and he bound them to him 
by the ties of reverential love. He was uncom- 
promisingly orthodox in his doctrinal beliefs ; 
always and everywhere he maintained his 
Presbyterian opinion." Dr. William P. Breed 



192 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

said of him, "For ability and true manly 
dignity, for fidelity to sound doctrine, for rich- 
ness of pulpit instruction, for purity and felic- 
ity of literary style, for persuasive eloquence, 
and for reach of healthful influence, he left 
nothing to be desired." 

The first sermon preached in the HoUond 
Chapel was by Dr. Boardman. He was inter- 
ested in all that pertained to its welfare. Mr. 
Charles E. Morris bore this generous testimony : 
"When the books shall be opened, and every 
secret thing be made known, it will be found 
that to Dr. Boardman, more than to any other 
human agency, has the success and present 
prosperity of our Mission [Hollond] been 
due." 

On one of the visits of Dr. A. P. Happer to 
this country from China, he and Dr. Rice were 
dining with Dr. Boardman. The theme of 
conversation was the subject in which the three 
were so deeply interested — the Moyamensihg 
Mission. Turning to Dr. Happer, Dr. Board- 
man said : 

^^ Some day you will come from China on a 
visit to your native cozmtry, as riozv, and yo7i will 
find the Tenth Church Missioyi not i?i its present 
cramped quarters on Carpenter street, but in a 
large, mag7iificent, well-fu7nished cathedral 
church, equal, or even superior, i?i its eqjiipments 
for aggressive work, to the mother churchy 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 193 

This prophecy of Dr. Boardman has had re- 
markable fulfillment. 

Rev, Dr. A. P. Happer, at the age of twenty- 
four, became the first superintendent of the old 
Moyamensing Mission school. In 
REV. ANDREW 1893, he wrote Dr. Paden as fol- 

P. HAPPER, , <, T TVT u n 

D.D., M.D. lows: In November, 1842, at 
the request of the teachers, I 
commenced the duties of superintendent of the 
Moyamensing Mission." In view of his early 
association with our work, it has been thought 
well to give a somewhat extended account of 
his life. The following abbreviated article, 
from the pen of William Rankin, Esq., was 
taken from the January, 1895, Church at Home 
mid Abroad : 

Andrew Patton Happer was born in Monon- 
gahela City, Pa., October 20, 1818, and died 
in Wooster, Ohio, October 27, 1894.. 

Dr. Happer, then a graduate of Jefferson 
College, having completed his theological 
course at Allegheny, was studying medicine 
in Philadelphia, where he took the degree 
of M.D. in the University of Pennsylvania. 
In 1844, he was ordained by the Presbytery of 
Ohio, and on the 22d of June, that year, sailed 
from New York for Canton. 

The mission having succeeded in entering 
and establishing itself in Canton, Dr. Happer, 
on the nth of November, 1847, married Eliza- 



194 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

beth, daughter of Rev. Dyer Ball, of the 
American Board, who became the mother of 
his four daughters, who, under the appoint- 
ment of the Presbyterian Board, were at times 
his co-laborers in the field; also his son, who 
ministered to him in his last hours. 

Mrs. Happer's health gave way in 1854, 
making a change necessary. Dr. Happer em- 
barked with his family for the United States 
in December of that year. He returned to 
the field in 1859, and in 1862 the first Presby- 
terian church was organized, with seven na- 
tive members. He became its pastor and 
gathered into that fold some five hundred con- 
verts. He detached members as colonies to 
form nine other churches. 

In December, 1865, Mrs. Elizabeth Happer 
departed this life. A suitable provision for 
his motherless children required that the father 
should bring them to America. In October, 
1869, he returned to China, having on the 6th 
of that month married Miss A. I^. Elliott, who, 
for twenty years, had been a teacher in West- 
ern Pennsylvania. She died four years later. 

Dr. Happer's third marriage was on March 
18, 1875, to Miss Hannah J. Shaw, a member 
of the mission, who survives him. 

It was not until after fourteen years of con- 
tinuous labor that he consented to another 
furlough. He came home, but not to rest. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 195 

The project of a Chinese Christian college, 
permanently endowed, engaged his attention. 
He came to New York, and for several weeks 
was engaged in securing the desired funds. 
Success crowned his efforts, and over $100 000 
were placed in the hands of trustees in New 
York. The Chinese College was inaugurated 
on paper and he was made the first president. 
Mrs. Happer went back with her husband to 
China. For two years they labored together. 
Mrs. Happer's health now failed, compelling 
her return home. Her husband followed a 
few months later, mainly from the same cause, 
resigning the presidency of the college to its 
trustees. They removed to Wooster, whence 
the great soul of this busy man entered into 
the joy of his Lord. 

Mr. Wurts was born in Louisville, Kentucky, 
August 31, 1820, and died in Philadelphia De- 
cember 15, 1 88 1. He removed 

MAURICE A. to this city in his youth and at 
WURTS an early age became a member of 
the Tenth Presbyterian Church. 
He took an active interest in many branches 
of the work of that church but was specially 
devoted to mission labors in the neglected por- 
tions of the city. 

In 1847, he became the superintendent of the 
Moyamensing Mission, which then met in the 
second story of the Native American Hose 



196 BIOGRAPHICAI, SKETCHES 

Company house on Carpenter street, below 
Tenth. The following year he succeeded in 
having erected a comfortable Sunday-school 
building and through the impetus thus given 
to the work, together with his able leadership, 
the membership of the school grew from fifty 
to above four hundred. His strong personality, 
love for children, devotion to the work, and 
deep spiritual earnestness, admirably fitted him 
for the responsible position which he con- 
tinued to fill with ever-increasing usefulness 
for eleven years. 

In 1858, he removed to West Philadelphia 
and became the superintendent of the Green- 
way Mission, which has since been organized 
into the Green way Presbyterian Church. To 
this work he gave seven years of faithful and 
successful service. 

Mr. Wurts was twice superintendent of the 
Sunday-school of the Tenth Church. He was 
one of the first elders of the Woodland Presby- 
terian Church. 

" His enthusiasm and unselfish devotion to 
Sunday-school mission work led to his appoint- 
ment as secretary of Missions of the American 
Sunday-School Union, and recording secretary 
of its Board, February 19, 1861," a position he 
continued to fill with great acceptance until 
his death in 1881, a period of twenty years. 
A booklet entitled "An Unselfish lyife," set- 




Maurice A. Wurts 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 197 

ting forth the value of his work to the Sunday- 
School Union and other religious enterprises, 
was published shortly after his death. 

Strong leaders have been connected with 
our work from the beginning and Mr. Wurts 
was among the foremost of them. He was 
largely instrumental in laying the firm founda- 
tion upon which much of the subsequent suc- 
cess of the HoUond school has been built. A 
lady who was a teacher during his superin- 
tendency thus writes of his work and its results: 

"I was not with Mr. Wurts in the early 
years of his work in Moyamensing. but I have 
often heard him speak of the difficulties en- 
countered, the rough surroundings, and the 
unsatisfactory arrangements in the old hose- 
house, with boards placed on boxes or barrels 
for seats, and the rough, undisciplined element 
he had to contend with. 

" It was his aim to make this a model school; 
but with the raw material he had to work with, 
this involved much patient and persevering 
work. 

" When I entered the school I was given a 
class of fourteen girls. With the exception of 
two or three, they were utterly untrained, un- 
kempt little waifs, picked up from the neigh- 
borhood. Often bare feet and bare heads pre- 
sented themselves in the class, heads evidently 
not under the subduing influences of comb or 



198 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

brush; faces and hands free from any sense of 
the need of soap and water. We began with 
requiring cleanliness, hoping that the next 
grace might be induced to follow. After a 
few years the effect on the school became so 
manifest that at our regular church anniver- 
saries, our dear pastor, Dr. Boardman, looking 
over the two schools brought together in the 
Tenth Church, would often remark that a 
stranger would not be able to tell which was 
the church school and which the mission. 

' ' The change in the neighborhood was also 
quite as marked. When I first took a class, it 
was considered unsafe for the lady teachers to 
go alone, and as Mr. Wurts was very desirous 
that each family should be visited, it required 
no little courage to carry out his wishes. 
Drunken men, most untidy houses, and occa- 
sional fights with brickbats, etc., were en- 
countered, but it was not so very long before 
all this was changed, and a great improvement 
seen in the character and appearance of the 
neighborhood." 

Dr. Rice was born April 30th, 1817, at Low- 

ville. New York. He was graduated from 

Wesleyan University, Middle- 

wiLLARD town, Connecticut, in 1837. He 

MARTIN RICE i. *. • 1 • xi. i. 

D D was tutor in languages in that 

University from the time of his 

graduation until 1840, when he became the 




REV. W. M. Rice, D. D. (1896) 



BIOGRAPHICAIv SKETCHES 199 

principal of a classical school in Philadelphia — 
a position he continued to hold until 1856, 
when he assumed charge of the Moyamensing 
Mission of the Tenth Presbyterian Church. 
Two years later, the Mission developed into 
the Moyamensing Presbyterian Church, and 
Dr. Rice became the first pastor. He remained 
in charge until 1863, when he resigned to be- 
come the pastor of the Fourth Presbyterian 
Church, where he stayed until 1874 ; in that 
year he received and accepted a call from 
Trinity Church, Berwyn, Pa., where he re- 
mained until 1876. 

The following action was taken by the 
congregation of the Moyamensing Church, Oc- 
tober, 14th, 1863, on the resignation of Dr. 
Rice: 

"Resolved, That in uniting with Mr. Rice 
in his request, we do so with a deep sense of 
his faithful labors and patient sacrifices in our 
behalf. 

"Resolved, That in the harmony and love 
which should ever exist between pastor and 
people, there is not a single link wanting in 
this whole church. 

" Resolved, That during the five years of his 
pastorate, his untiring zeal and faithful minis- 
trations have endeared him to us by con- 
stantly increasing ties, and bound us together 
by a love and harmony which we can never 
cease to remember with gratitude. 

" Resolved, That we unite in prayer to the 



200 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Great Head of the Church in behalf of our 
pastor that his useful life may be spared ; 
that wherever his lot may be cast he may win 
the same love which we here desire to express 
towards him, and that he, who has all his ser- 
vants in his keeping, would graciously watch 
over him and his, and make him eminently use- 
ful in his Church." 

Dr. Rice was a member of the Board of Pub- 
lication from i860 to 1887. Since 1862 he has 
been its recording clerk. He has also been 
engaged in much literary work in connection 
with the Board. 

He has been clerk of the Presbytery of Phila- 
delphia since 1858, with the exception of the 
years 1874-1877, during which time he was a 
member of the Presbytery of Chester. He was 
clerk of the Synod of Philadelphia from 1868 
to 1882, and has frequently been a member of 
the General Assembly. He received his degree 
of D. D. from his Alma Mater in 1866. 

On the 7th of July, 1840, Dr. Rice married 
Miss Elizabeth McDowell, daughter of the Rev. 
John McDowell, D. D., for sixty years one of 
the most prominent clergymen of the Presby- 
terian Church. 

Although he has reached an advanced age, 
he gives daily attention to business in his 
office in the Witherspoon Building. His men- 
tal faculties are unimpared and he retains 
much of his physical vigor. He is one of our 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 201 

finest lyatiu, Greek, and Hebrew scholars and 
retains his knowledge of these languages to a 
wonderful degree. His knowledge on all mat- 
ters relating to the history of the Presbyterian 
Church in Philadelphia is almost encyclopedic. 
He is deeply interested in all that pertains to 
Hollond. 

The question has frequently been asked, 
" How did the Hollond Church get its name ? " 
It was so called in memory of 
HARRIET Harriet Hollond, a member of 
HOLLOND the Tenth Church, who gave 
$10,000 towards the erection of 
the chapel at Federal and Clarion streets, which 
we now use for our Sunday-school and prayer- 
meeting services. The following excerpts were 
kindly made by Mr, William L,. DuBois, from 
a memorial volume written by Dr. Henry A. 
Boardman : 

Miss Harriet Hollond was born October 12, 
1812, and was the daughter of Charles and Ann 
K. Hollond, Of her father it is said, " he was 
an English gentlemen of honorable descent 
whose generous culture and attractive quali- 
ties lent grace and dignity to the sterling 
virtues which formed the base of his charac- 
ter." He died in March, 1831, leaving a 
widow and five children, Harriet being the 
oldest, although she outlived them all. Her 
mother and two sisters, dying within a short 



202 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

time of each other, left her alone in the world 
so far as family was concerned. This heavy- 
stroke fell with great severity, and her slender 
frame seemed as though it must sink under 
its accumulated burdens. Her flesh and 
strength declined. In 1847 her physicians 
prescribed a visit to Europe, and in company 
with Dr. H. A. Boardman and family, she 
spent thirteen months abroad and there is no 
doubt that, under Providence, this was the 
chief means of prolonging her valuable life for 
many years. 

Her chief characteristics were Humility and 
Benevolence. One who knew her well for 
forty years said, " I have never known in any 
sphere of life, a more humble Christian, and 
never a more benevolent one." She had in- 
herited a generous fortune, and her beautiful 
home at 12 14 Walnut street was furnished with 
articles of taste and handiwork. Many curios 
she had collected in Europe, while many were 
keepsakes of her friends, but there was no ex- 
travagance or ostentation ; her controlling rea- 
son for having these things lay in the gratifi- 
cation they afforded her friend.s. 

She had as much of that homely Saxon 
quality we call common sense, next to piety 
the most valuable of all endowments, as often 
falls to the lot of man or woman. 

In 1855, upon the death of her attached 




Harriet Hollond 



BIOGRAPHICAIv SKETCHES 203 

friend, Mrs. Ellen W. Jones, she was made 
superintendent of the Female Sabbath-school 
of the Tenth Church, a position never better 
filled by anyone, and in which she continued 
until the time of her death. Nothing but 
sickness or absence from the city could keep 
her from her post. Always punctual, familiar 
with the details of every class, knowing even 
€very scholar by name, she recognized at a 
glance the exigencies of each session, occa- 
sioned by absence and other causes, and with 
a happy facility provided for them. The last 
ten of these years were dedicated to the school 
under circumstances which most persons would 
have regarded as a sufficient reason for declin- 
ing active service. A severe illness in 1859 at 
Newport revealed an organic disease of the 
heart. This caused her to be an invalid for the 
rest of her life, and to suffer numerous attacks 
from this malady ; but even then she spared 
herself no labor that might contribute to the 
well being of the Sunday-school. 

To the work of the Missionary Society of 
the Tenth Church Miss Hollond gave her ut- 
most sympathies, her unwearied care and her 
munificent benefactions. She was not the 
official head of the Society. It had no such 
head. No one cared to be "president," and 
she would not consent to be. She was the 
treasurer — a treasurer who, after spending the 



204 BIOGRAPHICAIv SKETCHES 

inadequate contributions received from the 
congregation, uniformly supplied all deficiences 
from her own purse. 

Her benevolent sympathies demanded yet 
wider scope. In the winter of iS57-i858,Win- 
throp Sargent, one of the elders of the Tenth 
Church, with the aid of his brethren, com- 
menced a meeting for social prayer. The en- 
couragement given it was so great that two 
years later (March, i860) Miss Hollond rented 
a suitable house on South Juniper street, and 
a lady well qualified for the task was employed 
to superintend operations. Here the women, 
to the number of sixty or seventy, would meet 
on certain evenings to receive religious instruc- 
tions, and to sew— making clothing for the 
missionaries. The ample stock of materials 
demanded by the formidable corps of workers 
being supplied by Miss Hollond. Besides, 
there was a "sewing school" for the young, 
on Saturday afternoons, the children not only 
sewing for the missionaries, but cheerfully 
contributing their pennies to buy libraries for 
the missionary children. Sunday afternoons, 
at two o'clock, there was an adult Bible class, 
and Sunday evenings were given to a religious 
service, conducted by Mr. Sargent, mentioned 
above, and a few excellent brethren. Christ- 
mas holidays were always remembered, and 
the clothing prepared for the missionary boxes 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 205 

was displayed at that time. In the evening, 
after a brief religious exercise, all repaired to 
the parlor, where a bountiful table was spread, 
and where Miss Hollond, with the few young 
ladies she had invited to help her, took pleasure 
in passing the refreshments with her own 
hands, addressing a word or two to each by 
name, and putting up special parcels for their 
invalids at home. Of course the children were 
remembered, and had their festival on one of 
the holiday afternoons. 

While she was specially interested in mis- 
sionary work, she was one of the largest con- 
tributors in the city to the several Boards of 
the Church, and the other objects which make 
their annual appeals to our congregations. 
With reference to the considerate kindness of 
Miss Hollond for those whom no one else 
would have thought of, as needing aid, or 
being within reach of it, there can be no ques- 
tion. And if what she did in this regard ever 
came abroad, it was not of her connivance. 

For a year or two she had been losing 
ground and while spending the summer of 
1870 at Cresson Springs, was taken sick, with 
what seemed to be a severe attack of indiges- 
tion, but which proved to be a new develop- 
ment of her subtle heart disease. For a day 
or two she seemed to improve, but on the 9th 
of August, 1870, she suddenly grew worse, and 



2o6 BIOGRAPHICAI. SKETCHES 

in the early morning fell asleep. Three days 
after, her remains were borne to the cemetery 
at Laurel Hill, followed by a large concourse 
of true mourners. The funeral services were 
conducted by Drs. W. M. Rice and Samuel T. 
Lowrie. 

Miss Elizabeth Potts, who has been con- 
nected with the school for a number of j^ears 
as one of its most valued teachers, 

CHARLES E. has kindly prepared thc followiug 

MORRIS sketch which will be read with 

appreciation not only by those 

who knew and loved Mr. Morris, but by all 

who have an interest in Hollond : 

Among the men who have done so much for 
Hollond Sunday-school in the past there has 
been perhaps no more vivid personality than 
that of Mr. Charles E. Morris, who for eight 
years was its beloved superintendent and who 
left behind him influences for good which have 
never faded away. An earnest, consecrated 
Christian, he was inspiring in his very pres- 
ence. Always cheery and bright, and full of 
enthusiasm, he exercised a stimulating influ- 
ence upon all who came in contact with him. 
His deep spirituality and earnestness were 
combined with a shrewd common sense and a 
great degree of tact which eminently fitted 
him to be a leader. 

When he was elected superintendent, he took 




Charles Ellis Morris 



BIOGRAPHICAL vSKETCHES 20 

days for consideration and prayer, and during 
that time his mother said that he could neither 
eat nor sleep. With his coming, the school, 
which knew only the old-time ways, took a 
long step forward. 

Himself an old-fashioned Presbyterian in 
thought and doctrine, a worthy product of 
careful home training, and of the instructions 
of his revered and oft- quoted preceptor. Dr. 
Mark Hopkins, president of Williams College, 
at which institution he passed his student life, 
he was the first superintendent to introduce 
modern features into the school. 

The use of an order of service, responsive 
readings, silent prayer, the young people's so- 
ciety and the parents' and children's meetings 
were all started by him. Trained by Dr. 
Hopkins' lectures on the subject, he was en- 
thusiastic in regard to the value of the Shorter 
Catechism and made its study prominent in the 
school. 

When asked to become superintendent, he 
made it one of his conditions that the teachers 
should give up any engagement requiring them 
to hasten away, and be willing to devote the 
afternoon to the school and its interests, look- 
ing up absentees, visiting the sick, etc. 

By his great earnestness and his strong per- 
sonal magnetism, he was able to carry his 
teachers with him. He trained them to feel 



2o8 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

that they should be a unit in purpose; that 
each teacher was responsible not only for his 
class, but for the general welfare of the school. 
He impressed upon us that the salvation of the 
souls of our pupils was the ultimate aim, with- 
out which our teaching was of small account. 
In his own addresses from the desk he made 
most vivid the claims of the gospel, and left 
the impression that personal salvation alone 
was vitally important. 

Mr. Morris thought a Sunday-school with- 
out a teachers' meeting was an anomaly, and 
he brought about the establishment of weekly 
meetings for the study of the lesson, and so 
impressed us with the necessity that the attend- 
ance was large. Teachers who habitually ab- 
sented themselves were thought very neglect- 
ful of duty. We prepared our own lesson 
papers for the use of the school, for a time, in 
those days before the establishment of the 
International lessons. We often held the meet- 
ings at the homes of some of the teachers, and 
full parlors indicated the general interest. The 
lessons were made so delightful and instruc- 
tive that the evening was to many of us the 
pleasantest of the week. 

Mr. Morris would often come to the busi- 
ness meetings full of some new plan or sug- 
gestion which he would lay before the teachers. 
Opportunity was always given for the fullest 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 209 

and freest discussion, which sometimes became 
quite heated. Strong opposition would often 
melt away before his explanations. No plan, 
however, was put into operation except with 
\he consent and vote of the majority. 

Mr. Morris came among us as a young man, 
in fullest sympathy with the young, and so 
entered into the life and interests of every 
pupil. He had a hearty, cheery way of greet- 
ing all, which roused the utmost enthusiasm 
for him on the part of the pupils. On occa- 
sions of entertainment, he was full of life and 
fun, ready to lead in games and to rouse 
abundance of merriment; but when he took 
his place on the platform, his very presence 
controlled the school, and there was but small 
effort required to keep order. The pupils, one 
and all, loved him. One of the older pupils 
said recently, "I reverenced Mr. Morris." 
Every pupil was sure of his friendly sym- 
pathy, and with the comparatively small num- 
bers, he could know nearly all individually. 
A young girl about to join the church said: 
" I never thought much of my need of a 
Saviour until Mr. Morris said, ' Annie, I wish 
you were a Christian,' and then I felt that if 
Mr. Morris cared about it, it was quite time 
for me to think about it myself." It was at 
Mr. Morris's suggestion that regular competi- 
tive examinations upon the lessons were held 



2IO BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

for a time, and some pupils passed with a very 
high grade. 

In his public addresses Mr. Morris was 
strong and vigorous. He alwa5^s held the 
attention of his audience without apparent 
efifort. In his summing up of the lesson, he 
would seize upon one or two of the leading 
points and make an intensely practical appeal, 
which left its impress upon the memory. It 
was because of Mr. Morris's urgent desire, that 
we decided to celebrate Christmas by giving, 
rather than by receiving gifts, although he 
himself did not live to see the experiment 
tried. 

It was largely owing to Mr. Morris's efforts 
and faith that the Hollond chapel was built. 
The neighborhood of Tenth and Carpenter 
streets had so largely become settled by Roman 
Catholics that no further growth was possible. 
When Miss Hollond died in 1870 she left us 
$10,000, conditional upon our building in a 
more promising location within five years. 
Two years had elapsed, with no steps taken, 
when Mr. Morris, by his statements to Dr. 
Boardman and the session of the Tenth 
Church, induced them to endorse an appeal to 
the members of the congregation for addi- 
tional funds. This, with the personal efforts 
of Mr. Morris and some of the teachers among 
outside friends, resulted in securing a sum 



BIOGRAPHICAl, SKETCHES 211 

sufficient to supplement Miss Hollond's legacy 
and purchase a lot and build the chapel. He 
took great delight in planning the house and 
greatly rejoiced when we entered into pos- 
session. 

His faith in the future of the church to be 
was very strong, and he often spoke confi- 
dently of the day when a South Broad Street 
Presbyterian Church would stand upon the 
corner. Although the name was claimed by 
another church before we were ready to build, 
he would rejoice as fully in seeing there the 
Harriet Hollond Memorial Church. 

Mr. Morris's activity was so great, and he 
accomplished so much, it is hard to realize that 
he was only thirty-five years of age at the time 
of his death. His funeral services were held 
in the Tenth Church, on Thursday, 13th Feb- 
ruary, 1879, at which the school attended, a 
choir of the older scholars leading the singing. 
The addresses on that occasion by Hollond 
Sunday-school workers, as well as the touch- 
ing resolutions adopted by the teachers and 
officers of Hollond school, are included in the 
memorial volume published soon after his 
death. He is further commemorated in the 
fine stained-glass window at the east end of 
the church, and also by a bronze tablet above 
the superintendent's desk in the chapel, which 
bears the following inscription : 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 
IN MEMORIAM 

Our Superintendent 
Charles K. Morris 

Born March 7th, 1844 

Died Feb. loth, 1879 

Be thou faithful unto death and 

I will give thee a crown of life. 



On the 17th of May, 1877, Mr. Morris 
married Miss Ella Graham Benson. One child, 
a daughter, was born to them. Mrs. Morris 
has long been a faithful teacher in the school. 
She has fr^quentl}' manifested her interest in 
the church by liberal contributions. Recently 
the daughter, Miss Margaretta, became a mem- 
ber of our teaching force and has entered upon 
the work with characteristic devotion. 

"Among those still active who have been the 

longest time identified with the Holloiid work 

and the most useful in it," Dr. 

WILLIAM L. J- R- Miller writes, " no one has 
DUBOIS wrought more faithfully or more 
efficiently, and no one has en- 
deared himself to more hearts, than Mr. William 
ly. DuBois. As an officer of the Tenth Presby- 
terian Church, he was deeply interested in the 
promotion of the work at Hollond while it was 
still a mission. No one did more than he to 
keep the heart of the mother-church warm 
toward the child and to secure year by year 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 213 

the generous support necessary for the main- 
tenance of the Sunday-school ; for whi e the 
church services in those earher days were sup- 
ported by the Hollond people themselves, the 
expenses of the school were borne by the Tenth 
Church — an annual collection and subscription 
being taken for this purpose. 

" In the final disposition of the proceeds of 
the sale of the old Tenth Church, when it had 
decided to unite with the West Spruce Street 
Church, Mr. DuBois was one of the friends in 
that church who represented and advocated the 
Hollond interests and to whom Hollond is in- 
debted for the large share which came to it to 
aid in the completion of the new building and 
to provide the handsome endowment fund 
which will aid so much in the work of the 
future. Hollond cannot be too grateful to Mr. 
DuBois for his personal influence and wise help 
in these and other ways. He did much, far 
more than many persons know, to give it its 
favorable beginning and its fine equipment as 
a church. 

" For many years, the work of Mr. DuBois 
in the Sunday-school has been invaluable. 
Though never connected with the church as an 
organization— his membership and ofiicial rela- 
tion having always been and still continuing 
with the Tenth Church — he has always wrought 
and still works in the school. He has long 



214 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

served and still serves as the Sunday-school 
treasurer, giving careful thought to financial 
matters. As counsellor in all the business 
aflfairs of the school, he has ever been wise and 
faithful. As a teacher, his services have been 
of great value and have been fittingly appre- 
ciated. He has won a place in the hearts of 
the many who have been in the classes taught 
by him; and he will long be cherished by them 
as a personal friend — sympathetic, kindly, 
thoughtful, and ready to help in any possible 
way. ' 

" Mr. DuBois is a quiet man. His voice is 
not often heard in public meetings ; but his 
work is of the kind that builds up and endures, 
and his influence is always for good." 

At a conference of Hollond workers held in 
the chapel in the fall of 1897, Mr. DuBois 
spoke on " The Pioneers of Hollond." He 
said in part : 

" This work, once known as the Moyamen- 
sing Mission, which began in such a small way — 
first in the little building on Christian street 
and afterwards in the Carpenter street build- 
ing — has shown itself to be under God's es- 
pecial care. When we contemplate the small- 
ness of that beginning and the great church 
into which it has developed, with all its acces- 
sories which are represented here to-night, 
truly we are filled with the deepest gratitude 



BIOGRAPHICAIv SKETCHES 215 

to God for all that he has done for us. My 
own connection with the Mission began in the 
year 1866. I believe that the only teachers 
and officers now in the work who were teachers 
then, beside myself, are Miss Penrose, Mr. and 
Miss Cooke, and Miss Rivell. The work was 
full of discouragement, but the old Tenth 
Church came to our help nobly — supplying us 
with needed funds, and giving us teachers. 
Especially were we assisted and encouraged by 
Miss Hollond's support." 

Mr. DuBois closed by paying a high tribute 
.to the worth of Mr. Charles E. Morris. He 
explained that it was altogether due to the 
energy of Mr. Morris that the conditions of 
Miss Hollond's will were met and the money 
applied to the erection of our chapel build- 
ing. 

The following sketch of the Rev. Louis 

Rodman Fox, who was directly connected with 

the HoUond field from 1872 to 

REV. LOUIS 1S74, was prepared by a close 
R. FOX personal friend : Mr. Fox was 
born at Doylestown, Pa., January 
10, 1834, and was educated in Philadelphia at 
the school of the Rev. Samuel Wylie Crawford, 
D. D. Later, Mr. Fox attended Brown Uni- 
versity, after which he studied and entered 
upon the practise of law, but his heart turned 
continually to the ministry and he prepared 



2i6 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

himself for it at Princeton Theological Semin- 
ary in the class of 1859. 

He began his ministry at a little mission 
station at Bustleton, near Burlington, N, J., 
where he afterwards spent five additional 
years, leaving the church in possession of a 
beautiful building, erected through his instru- 
mentality, free of debt. He spent a year in 
laborious mission work at Tuckerton and Bass 
River, N. J., and was for a time on a special 
service of the Christian Commission in our 
Civil War'. His regular pastorates were in 
Washington, D. C. , Philadelphia and Detroit. 
That in Philadelphia began in January, 1872, 
when he was called from the North Church of 
Washington to be associate pastor with the 
Rev. Henry A. Boardman, D.D., in the pas- 
torate of the Tenth Church. Here he labored 
with great diligence, preaching with accept- 
ance and profit, and doing most faithful 
pastoral work. 

Mr. Fox was especially active and helpful 
in connection with the Moyamensing Mission 
of the church, and his first preaching service 
there, which antedated by several days his 
installation by Presbytery at the Tenth Church, 
was the first preaching service held after the 
re-organization of the Sunday-school. His 
interest in the enterprise never flagged. He 
held frequent services both on Sundays 



V 




Rev. Louis R. Fo> 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 217 

and during the week, and soon found that 
meetings for inquirers were necessary. In 
the following March, Mr. Charles K. Morris 
wrote to a friend: " Scholars from our school 
are coming into the church. We ought to be 
much encouraged." As there was no church 
organization, these were enrolled as members 
of the parent church until March 24, 1882, 
when the Hollond Church was organized. 
When other duties would permit of it, Mr, 
Fox was often found teaching a class in the 
Sunday-school. He was instrumental in rais- 
ing much of the money to supplement Miss 
Hollond's bequest, thus securing the erection 
of the new chapel on Federal street. 

In 1874, Mr. Fox resigned his connection 
with the Tenth Church but always took a 
deep interest in the work of the mission. It 
was a pleasure to him that he was able to 
take part in the dedication of the Hollond 
Memorial Chapel, February 15, 1874, when he 
preached the evening sermon from the text, 
* ' Whosoever will, let him take the water of 
life freely;'' and also in that of the Hollond 
Church on October 15, 1893, when he made 
an address full of reminiscences of the past 
and of gratitude to God for the prosperity of 
the present, to the throng which filled the 
large and handsome building. 

Mr. Fox's last pastorate was in Detroit, 



2i8 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Michigan, where, with that missionary spirit 
so characteristic of his whole ministerial life, 
he devoted himself to the organization and up- 
building of a work which had been chaotic 
and unpromising. This church is now known 
as the Church of the Covenant, and has a 
beautiful house of worship, the result of his 
efforts. "He consecrated unusual gifts and 
acquirements to the preaching of the gospel to 
the poor. He identified himself with rare 
tact and Christian sympathy with the interests 
and sufferings of his people. He was among 
them always and gave himself for them. And 
he had his reward in that out of that faithful 
work there are many shining jewels that one 
day will be resplendent in his crown. He was 
a devoted friend, staunch and true, whose 
ready wit and quaint humor, well stored mind 
and kindly heart found everywhere a cheery 
welcome. He was a Christian who realized 
Christ daily, and so believed His promise and 
so loved Him that the passion of his life 
was to preach to others that promise of 
love. ' ' 

In 1890, protracted ill health compelled him 
to lay down his work and retire to his Phila- 
delphia home, from whence, on December 21, 
1894, he was called, not to fresh and coveted 
labors but to the immediate presence of the 
Master to receive his reward. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 219 

Dr J. R. Miller pays this tribute to his memory : 
" Mr. Fox was a man of lovable spirit. His 
friendships were deep, strong and lasting. He 
was much interested in young men, especially 
in those who were preparing for the ministry. 
He was wise and faithful as a pastor, and his 
touch is on many lives. 

"All who are interested in Hollond have 
special reason to remember Mr. Fox with love 
and gratitude. The period of his co-pastorate 
in the Tenth Church included the time when 
the money was being raised to supplement 
Miss Hollond's bequest for the building of our 
Sunday-school chapel. Mr. Fox took a very 
deep interest in this work, and, in company 
with Mr. Charles E. Morris, visited the people 
of the Tenth Church to solicit subscriptions. 
His heart was in the mission, for which he 
often preached, besides rendering aid in many 
other ways. We will long cherish his mem- 
ory. There are those among us who have 
been helped and blessed by his life in the past, 
who will carry in our hearts the influence of 
his friendship and of his words for many days. ' ' 



It is pleasant to record that the hearty en- 
couragement which Mr. Fox gave to the work 
is being perpetuated by the faithful teaching 
of Mrs. Fox in the Sunday-school — a loving 
service which is fully appreciated. 



220 BIOGRAPHICAIv SKETCHES 

In the death of Samuel M. Kennedy, one of 

our elders, which occurred early on Tuesday 

morning, July 25th, 1893, our 

SAMUEL M. church lost a valued and useful 

KENNEDY member. The session took the 
following action : 

"Mr. Kennedy was one of the four elders 
chosen at the time of the organization of the 
church, in March, 1882. During all the years 
of his service he was faithful, not only in his 
attendance upon the regular meetings of the 
session, but in all the duties of his office. In 
his personal life he was singularly blameless 
and true; a man of gentle heart, of loving spirit; 
thoughtful, unselfish, kind, yet of strong con- 
victions and unflinching steadfastness. As a 
church member he was exemplary ; always in 
his place, a devout worshiper, and prepared for 
every good work. As a church officer, he was 
faithful in all duties, wise in counsel, discreet, 
spiritually-minded, cordial in all his relations, 
having favor with the people. His death has 
disclosed, in a way not even suspected before, his 
wide personal influence in the community. Hun- 
dreds of lives will carry forever the impre.'ss of 
his life and the memory of his words and acts." 

On the following Sunday evening, July 30th, 
Dr. Miller preached a memorial sermon from 
the text : " He was a good man." Acts 11: 24. 
A few extracts are here given : 




Samuel M. Kennedy 



BIOGRAPHICAIv SKETCHES 221 

"Mr. Kennedy was a friend of those who were 
trying to recover themselves from a sinful past. 
We all know his deep interest in the temper- 
ance cause. Never did any young man, trying 
to free himself from the bondage of the drink 
habit, turn in vain to him for sympathy, 
brotherly love, and help. 

' ' He was a man without envy. It gave him 
no pain to see others of his fellow-workers pro- 
moted and publicly honored even above him- 
self. Indeed, he seemed to rejoice more in the 
honor that came to others than that which 
gathered about himself. He wrought solely 
for Christ. Every other name shone in pale 
light before his eyes in comparison with the 
splendors that burned about the name of Christ. 
He shrank from positions which would seem 
to give him prominence. Well do I remember 
when I spoke first to him about becoming an 
elder. Our church was about to be organized, 
and he was one of the four men of whom all 
the people thought for elders, I told him of 
this desire, and it seemed almost to give him 
pain. He said he had not the needed qualifi- 
cations, and begged me not to permit his name 
to be used. I spoke to him more fully of it 
saying that it was evidently the call of God to 
him. When the time came, and he was unani- 
mously chosen, he quietly came forward to be 
set apart for the sacred office ; and we all know 



222 BIOGPvAPHICAIv SKETCHES 

with what a loving and beautiful spirit he dis- 
charged the duties of this position until he was 
called up higher. 

" On the floral tribute sent by the Young 
People's Society of Christian Endeavor were 
these words: ' Faithful Always.' These words 
carr)^ the secret of his life. He was always 
faithful to God. He never forgot a promise, 
nor failed to keep an engagement. He did his 
work conscientiously — the smallest things as 
carefully as the greatest. Far more than any 
of us know does such minute and painstaking 
faithfulness build up beautiful character, and 
make a life bright and holy." 

Few men have met with greater success in 
their life's work than Dr. Miller. He was 
born on a farm in Beaver county, 
DR. J. R. P^' of Scotch-Irish ancestry. 
MILLER As a rule it is a good thing to be 
born a farmer's boy and to come 
of Scotch-Irish stock. Dr. Miller's career 
gives emphasis to the rule. He has won well- 
deserved distinction as a pastor, a teacher and 
an author. His name is a household word in 
thousands of homes, and his uplifting spiritual 
teachings have endeared him to thousands of 
hearts. He was graduated in 1862 from West- 
minster College, New Wilmington, Pa., and 
then spent two years and a half in the work 
of the Christian Commission, being connected 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 223 

chiefly with the Army of the Potomac. In 
1867 he graduated from the United Presb}^- 
terian Theological Seminary, Allegheny, Pa. 

Dr. Miller's first charge was at New Wil- 
mington, where he remained for two years. 
He then accepted a call to the Bethany 
Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia, where he 
remained for nine years. It was during his 
early ministry in Bethany (1870) that he mar- 
ried Miss Louise E. King, of Argyle, New 
York. Three children have been born to 
them. In 1878 he was installed pastor of the 
Broadway Presbyterian Church, Rock Island, 
Illinois. He relinquished this charge in 1880 
to connect himself with the editorial work of 
the Presbyterian Board of Publication, Phila- 
delphia. During the same year his Alma 
Mater conferred upon him the degree of Doctor 
of Divinity. 

January 2nd, 1881, Dr. Miller began his 
work in the Hollond field. On the 24th of 
March, 1882, the Mission was organized into the 
Hollond Memorial Church, and Dr. Miller was 
installed as its first pastor April 23rd, of the 
same year. The pastoral relation was dis- 
solved September 3rd, 1883, in order that he 
might devote himself more fully to his duties 
in connection with the Board of Publication. 

Dr. Paden succeeded Dr. Miller, and was 
installed pastor November 20th, 1883. He 



224 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

labored alone for awhile but the work con- 
tinued to increase so rapidly that Dr. Miller, at 
the request of the session and the trustees, 
returned in January, 1886, to assist in the 
field, still keeping up his connection with 
the Board. 

During Dr. Paden's enforced absence in 1892, 
recuperating his health, the pastoral work was 
carried on by Dr. Miller. As a token of their 
appreciation, the congregation presented him 
with a handsome oak library suit, consisting of 
a desk, couch, book-case, rocker and chairs. 

On the 27th of March, 1893, Dr. Miller left 
Philadelphia on his first vacation in thirteen 
years. He travelled with the Hon. John 
Wanamaker through the Pacific states. He 
had a pleasant experience in San Francisco : 
Going into the home of a Christian Chinese, 
the man said, "I know you well, for I have 
read your books," and from a near-by table he 
brought to the Doctor several of his works. 
On his return, the Pastors' Aid Society gave 
him a reception in the chapel on the i8th of 
May. 

The first sermon in the new church was 
preached by Dr. Miller on Monday evening, 
October i6th, 1893, from the text, '^ Jesus 
Christ, the sarne yesterday , and to-day, and for- 
ever. ' ' 

On the ist of July. 1896, Dr. Miller sailed 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 225 

with his family from New York on the St. 
Paul for a two months' vacation tour of 
Europe, going as far south as Naples, The 
Christian Endeavor Society gave him a parting 
reception. The chapel was crowded and many 
of the church organizations presented him with 
flowers, accompanied with appropriate senti- 
ments. He returned to Philadelphia on the 
26th of August, and was given a hearty recep- 
tion by the congregation on the 28th. 

On the fourteenth of October, 1897, Dr. 
Miller wrote to the session resigning the work 
which they had invited him to take up years 
before. He was, however, at the request of 
the session, appointed moderator by the Pres- 
bytery, until a pastor could be secured to take 
the place made vacant by his and Dr. Paden's 
resignations. He continued with us until after 
the call to Dr. Martin had been accepted. His 
last sermon was delivered on Sunday evening, 
June 5th, 1898. 

He ended his connection with us by conduct- 
ing the Christian Endeavor consecration ser- 
vice on the following Tuesday evening. A 
number of earnest, heart-felt talks were made 
in which the speakers gave expression to the 
affection they had for him and told of some of 
the many ways in which he had helped them. 
It was specially fitting that he should receive 
these loving tributes in the room which had 



226 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

witnessed so many of his most active eflforts to 
inspire in others truer ideals of living. 

It was no small thing for such a man to give 
seventeen years of his life to the service of one 
church; and such a service as but few churches 
are ever blessed with. He was to all of us the 
faithful pastor, the wise leader, the generous 
helper, the safe counselor, and the resourceful 
friend. No one deserving of help and sympa- 
thy ever appealed to him in vain. Whittier's 
lines apply to him with singular fitness : 
" With us was one who, calm and true. 
Life's highest purpose understood ; 
And, like his blessed Master, knew 
The joy of doing good." 

Mr. Henry A. Walker thus writes of Dr. 
Miller's connection with Hollond : " His pul- 
pit work commanded our respect and admira- 
tion. In these days when sensationalism holds 
such a prominent place in so many of our 
churches, we need to be thankful that there 
are men who do no ' show preaching.' Rugged 
earnestness, backed by sincere living, is the 
only preaching that counts. 

" In the practical dealings of life, when the 
hard pushed needed sympathy and encourage- 
ment, his work was strong in splendid results; 
and when the final roll is called, it will be found 
that this type of man has lived the biggest and 
best because he has grasped the Christ idea of 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 227 

" Dr. Miller's work in our church was most 
timely. In the critical periods, when a strong, 
capable man was needed at the helm, he was 
equal to all emergencies. He has always had 
enlarged conceptions of what the whole Hol- 
lond work should be. For his work, and for 
all that he has been to us, we are grateful." 

Dr. Miller fills his position as editorial super- 
intendent of the Board of Publication and 
Sunday-school Work with marked ability and 
to the entire satisfaction of the Church. The 
Westminster Teacher, of which nearly one 
hundred thousand copies are issued each 
month, receives a large share of his personal 
attention, and is a treasured help to Sunday- 
school teachers all over the land. He has 
written between twenty-five and thirty books, 
and he is to-day one of the best known and 
most widely read religious writers of America. 
His name is also a familiar one in Great Britain, 
where more than a quarter of a million copies 
of his works have been sold. These works 
have been translated into German, French, 
Japanese and Hungarian. 

Dr. Miller is a forceful and popular writer. 
His thoughts leave a lasting impress upon the 
hearts and minds of his readers because he 
writes of life as he finds it — in the homes of 
happiness and affluence, and in the homes of 
the lowly, the discouraged, and the tempted. 



228 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Here he gives a glimpse of joy, there a bit of 
heart-break, but never for an instant does he 
lose sight of the all-absorbing purpose of his 
writing — to encourage the hopeless, to uplift 
the fallen, and to inspire in all a holy desire 
for truer and nobler living. In all his writings 
there is fullness of strength and helpfulness, 
and those who follow his teachings cannot fail 
to have 

" Promptings their former life above, 

And something of a finer reverence 

For beauty, truth, and love." 

It is doubtless true that " there is no royal 

road to learning," but it is none the less true 

that one may win his way to learn- 

DR. WILLIAM ing right royally, and this is what 

M. PADEN Dr. Paden did. 

He was born in Washington 
county. Pa. His father was of Scotch and his 
mother of Pennsylvania Dutch extraction. He 
worked on the farm during the summer months 
and early acquired a passion for nature. For 
a few midwinters he went to the district school 
and then rode nearly five miles to recite Latin 
and algebra to his pastor. Dr. J. S. Marquis. 
He attended a summer session of the Canons- 
burg Academy, and then taught the home 
school for three winters, continuing his sum- 
mer studies at the academy, diligently prepar- 
ing for college. By 1875 he was ready to enter 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 229 

the sophomore class, but at this time a pro- 
fessorship was offered to him in the Canons- 
burg Academy, which he accepted and taught 
lyatin and Greek there for three years. He 
entered the junior class of Princeton Univer- 
sity, without conditions, in 1878, and gradu- 
ated with honors two years later. 

During his college course, he took the first 
Junior Orator Medal and the $120.00 prize for 
best written oration ; was editor of the Nassau 
Literary Magazine in his senior year ; took 
two medals for essays, and won a $100.00 
Lynde Debate Prize. He was the superintend- 
ent of the Stony Brook Sunday-school during 
his college course, and of the First Church 
Sunday-school, Princeton, during his seminary 
course. He had three calls, besides the one 
from Hollond, during his senior year, and re- 
ceived eight calls during his Hollond pastorate. 

Dr. Paden graduated from Princeton Semi- 
nary in the spring of '83, and spent the sum- 
mer travelling in Europe. He entered upon 
the Hollond work on the first Sunday of 
October of that year, and was installed on the 
twentieth of the following November. In 1888, 
he was a delegate to the World's Conference of 
the Young Men's Christian Associations, held 
at Stockholm, Sweden. He spent the first 
nine months of 1892 in the South recuperat- 
ing his health. He had the degree of Doctor 



230 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

of Divinity conferred upon him in 1895. He 
sailed for Paris November 21st, 1895, on a six 
months' leave of absence, to take charge of a 
movement having for its main object the reach- 
ing of the English-speaking students in the 
I^atin Quarter of that city. He returned June 
5, 1896, and on the following Monday evening 
a pleasant reception was tendered him under 
the auspices of the Pastor's Aid Society and 
the Ushers' Association. 

He spent his summer vacation of 1897 in 
Salt lyake City, Utah, and preached in the 
First Presbyterian Church there. After his 
return to Philadelphia he received, and finally 
determined to accept, a call from that congre- 
gation. This decision he announced from the 
pulpit on Sunday morning, October 3d, when 
he said , in part : 

" You have heard, I am sure, of a call I have 
had to Salt Lake City, It has come to me in 
such a way that I am bound to consider it. 

" I do not expect to find a larger place in any 
other people's affections ; you have given me 
a support and sympathy which I can hardly 
expect to find where my lot may be cast during 
the coming years. Nor do I think of leaving 
you because another church has taken a larger 
place in my affections ; I go among strangers, 
or among acquaintances of a few weeks' stand- 
ing. My tried affections are all here. This has 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 231 

been the church of my first love, and into it I 
have built some of the best years of my life. I 
know every stone in this building. I have 
stood on these wal!s from the foundation to the 
roof. * * * The membership of the Salt Lake 
church is scarcely larger than the member,- hip 
of Hollond when I came here, and the church 
accommodations are inferior to our accommoda- 
tions fourteen years ago. The necessities of 
the field are, however, most urgent, and its 
place in the metropolis of the great intermoun- 
tain region and in the capital of one of our 
youngest and most interesting states is unique- 
ly important. The church has also a most im- 
portant place as situated at the headquarters 
of Mormonism, and at the very head of the 
Gentile work among this peculiar people. The 
call has come to me with prayerful emphasis 
and phenomenal unanimousness ; all this, with 
the unique importance of the field to our Chris- 
tian work has had much to do with its favor- 
able consideration. '-!<*=;« I believe that I am 
under God's orders to go, and the announce- 
ment of this morning is made that you may 
join with me in asking Presbytery that I be 
released to obey orders." 

In view of this statement, and not in accord- 
ance with their feelings, the congregation 
yielded to the request, and on Sunday evening, 
October 17th, Dr. Paden preached his final 



232 BIOGRAPHICAIv SKETCHES 

sermon as our pastor. On the following 
Wednesday evening a farewell reception was 
given him by the Ushers' Association, which 
was very largely attended. 

The following editorial appeared in the 
Presbyterian Jour7ial oi October 2ist : 

" While the brethren and friends of the Rev. 
Dr. Paden in Philadelphia sincerely regret his 
departure from their immediate circle and com- 
panionship, and mourn with the HoUond 
Church the sundering of near and dear and 
valued relations, at the same time they are 
gratified that he goes to occupy a position so 
important and so far-reaching in its influence 
to Church and State, as the pastorate to which 
he is invited in Salt Lake City. Many prayers 
will follow him, and we can assure him that 
the Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia and 
vicinity will watch with great interest his work 
as pastor and citizen of Utah." 

Mr. Robert H. Preston thus writes of Dr. 
Paden in his relation to the young men of 
Hollond : 

"He has profoundly and permanently af- 
fected our intellectual life. His mind has put 
many of us in living and loving touch with a 
large and beautiful world of thought ; his 
spirit has quickened in us a noble discontent 
with unrefined and unrefining relations ; his 
view of the possibilities of young men — espe- 



BIOGRAPHICAI. SKETCHES 233 

daily those employed during the day — have 
fired many of us with new longings after a 
higher intellectual standard. In a word, he 
has revealed our deeper self to ourselves, and 
the revelation has become the power which has 
sent us onward and upward towards a nobler 
ideal of life." 

Dr. Paden gave the very heart of his life to 
HoUond, and no one could question his devo- 
tion to its interests. He early won and easily 
held the affections of his people. To the work 
of erecting the new church he gave himself 
and his means unreservedly. He was specially 
anxious that the building should stand on the 
site it now occupies, and to the attainment of 
that desire he used his utmost endeavor. 

He was never lacking in those finer qualities 
which kindle in other men aspirations for better 
living. If he loved to develop the intellectual 
it was that the spiritual also might " grow from 
more to more." Of him it could be said — 

" he spake of men 
As one who found pure gold in each of them. 
He spake of women just as if he dreamed 
About his mother ; and he spoke of God 
As if he walked with Him and knew His heart." 

Higher praise than this cannot be given — he 
honored mankind, reverenced womanhood, and 
walked with God. 

In our Christian Endeavor meetings he was 



234 BIOGRAPHICAI, SKETCHES 

Specially earnest and tender. He was rarely- 
absent. Our cozy " upper room " had for him 
an inexpressible charm. Surrounded as he 
was by the love of his young people, he fre- 
quently gave the fullest expression to his feel- 
ings, revealing a heart rich in spiritual experi- 
ence, and a whole-souled charity which brought 
us all into closer and more reverent touch with 
the Eternal. His rare spiritual gifts and his 
splendid intellectual attainments combine to 
make of him a, man to be honored as a pastor, 
to be proud of as a friend — a man to be forever 
held in grateful remembrance by all who have 
known and loved him, and who have felt his 
helpful touch upon their lives. 



Dr. Paden has been very successful in Utah. 
During his first year above one hundred mem- 
bers united with his church, and an old debt 
of $10,000 was canceled. He is to-day one of 
the ablest anti- Mormon leaders of the country. 
Our present pastor, Dr. George Edward 
Martin, preached for us for the first time on 
the 24th of April, 1898, and at 
DR. GEORGE a congregational meeting held 
MARTIN iw the chapel on the loth of the 
following month, he received a 
unanimous call to our pulpit. 

Dr. Martin was born in Norwich, Connecti- 
cut. He was graduated from Yale in 1872. 




Rev. George E. Martin, D. D. 



BIOGRAPHICAIv SKETCHES 235 

After a theological course at the Yale Semi- 
nary, he was installed pastor over the Centre 
Congregational Church of Brattleboro, Ver- 
mont, July 9th, 1879. After a successful 
pastorate of four years in this church he was 
called to the First Congregational Church of 
Brockton, Massachusetts, and was installed 
October nth, 1883. He remained in charge 
of this church less than a year, leaving it to 
accept the pastorate of the First Presbyterian 
Church, St. I,ouis, Missouri, over which he 
was installed in October, 1884. Here he 
labored for fourteen years and made a splendid 
record. He was moderator both of the Synod 
of Missouri and of the Presbytery of St. 
Ivouis. He was greatly interested in educa- 
tional matters and was officially connected 
with several institutions of learning. He 
accepted the call to our church, and was 
installed pastor October 17, 1898. Dr. S. W. 
Dana, pastor of the Walnut Street Church and 
moderator of the Presbytery of Philadelphia, 
presided, and proposed the constitutional ques- 
tions. Rev. K. P. Terhune, D.D., preached 
the sermon; Dr. Samuel A. Mutchmore (who 
died thirteen days later) delivered the charge 
to the people, and Dr. Charles A. Dickey made 
the charge to the pastor. Dr. J. R. Miller 
delivered the installation prayer. 

On the following Wednesday evening the 



236 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Ushers' Association gave Dr. and Mrs. Martin 
a pleasant reception. Many floral tributes were 
presented by the several church organizations. 

Dr. Martin made an earnest address in which 
he expressed the hope that the bond of union 
between himself and his people might grow 
stronger and more helpful, and that great good 
might be accomplished by both pastor and 
people in their united efforts to do the Master's 
will. 

On the ist of June, 1882, Dr. Martin was 
married to mIss Emily Herrick, who was born 
in Tirumangalam, South India, where her 
father was a missionary. She has charge of 
our largest adult Sunday-school class. In 
many other ways also she is giving important 
service to the work. 

Dr. Martin received the degree of D. D. 
from two colleges — Wabash and Park. He is 
a talented musician, and is specially interested 
in preparing music for children. He is also 
the author of several books, among them being 
an attractive little volume, entitled "Sermons 
and Sermon Rhymes." In "Sunday Songs 
for lyittle Children," recently issued by the 
Presbyterian Board of Publication and Sabbath- 
school Work, Dr. IMartin displays his remark- 
able versatility by successfully entering three 
great fields of culture — poetry, music, and 
decorative art. The pages are adorned with 



BIOGRAPHICAIv SKETCHES 237 

dainty marginal designs, and each song is 
accompanied with an appropriate illustration 
which puts into visual form the spirit of the 
words. The art work is Dr. Martin's, and 
with but few exceptions, the words and music 
also are his. 

Dr. Martin is an able preacher. His fine 
command of language enables him to express 
his thoughts in choicest speech. His broad 
culture, ripe scholarship, refined manner, and 
long experience should make him a leader of 
whom any church might be proud. As the 
pastor of the First Church, St. Louis, he was 
unusually successful. He found it in uncon- 
genial quarters with less than 250 members and 
with scarcely any organized activities ; he left 
it in new and commodious buildings, with 
nearly 700 members, and with a number of 
organizations thoroughly equipped for aggres- 
sive work. This gratifying change was due 
almost entirely to Dr. Martin's efforts. 

With God's favor, and with the hearty co- 
operation of our congregation. Dr. Martin 
should easily repeat his fine record. It is 
pleasant to know that he is growing in favor 
with his people — especially with those who 
are " shut in " and who are thus in a position 
fully to appreciate his kindly ministry. 

We will serve God best, and best advance the 
highest interests of our beloved church, by 



238 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

being true to the leadings of the Holy Spirit, 
and by uniting heartily and prayerfully in all 
plans that have for their aim the upbuilding of 
a broader, deeper, truer spiritual life in this 
portion of our city. We believe in the ability 
of Dr. Martin, and we have confidence in the 
loyalty of our people. We doubt not that God 
has a great work for us to do. We are all 
" workers together " with Him. We face the 
future gratefully, hopefully, courageously. 
" I^et us play the men for our people, and 
for tfie cities of our God; and the lyord do 
that which seemeth him good." 

The Rev. Leslie I<. Overman occupied the 

pulpit as Dr. Martin's assistant for the first 

time on the 5th of December, 

REV. L. L. 1898, and took an active part in 

OVERMAN the service. 

Air. Overman is a native of 
Ohio. He was graduated from the University 
of Wooster, and took a post-graduate Philo- 
sophical course at Princeton University. His 
theological training was received at the Prince- 
ton Theological Seminary, from which insti- 
tution he was graduated in 1882, He was 
ordained by the Presbytery of Portsmouth, 
Ohio, November 8th the same year. He has 
been pastor of the McNeily Presbyterian 
Church, Nashville ; Montgomery Church, 
Presbytery of Cincinnati ; Page Boulevard 




Rev. L. L. Ove 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 239 

Presbyterian Church, St. lyouis ; assistant 
pastor of the lyafayette Park Presbyterian 
Church, St. Louis, and assistant pastor of the 
Second Presbyterian Church, St. lyouis. 

Mr. Overman has had wide experience, and 
although he has been with us but a short time, 
has won our esteem by his genial manner and 
conscientious performance of duty. By his 
attention to the sick and by his visits to the 
homes of the congregation he is rendering 
valuable and effective service. During Dr. 
Martin's summer vacation, he had full charge 
of the field and zealously labored to meet the 
many demands made upon his time and 
strength. 

It is earnestly hoped that under these our 
new leaders our beloved church will go for- 
ward to greater spiritual power and to larger 
usefulness. 

Mr. Ogden's success in life and his all round 
usefulness afford excellent illustrations of the 
truthfulness of Shakespeare's as- 
cuRTrs"^ sertion that 

OGDEN " Men at times are masters of their 

fates : 
The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars. 
But in ourselves, that we are underlings." 

His educational advantages were limited, as he 
left school and went to work before reaching 
the age of fourteen. He soon realized, how- 



240 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

ever, the need of more thorough and practical 
mental equipment, and determined to acquire 
it by diligent study during the only time at his 
command — after business hours. He was for- 
tunate in securing the services of a wise and 
sympathetic instructor, and by faithful appli- 
cation, when other boys were sleeping or play- 
ing, he was enabled to secure a practical busi- 
ness education equal, if not superior in some 
respects, to that possessed by many college 
graduates. His association with intellectual 
people was also of inestimable value to him. 

In 1S54, Mr. Ogden removed to New York. 
He returned to Philadelphia in 1879 and soon 
after became connected with the firm of John 
Wanamaker. 

During the civil war Mr. Ogden was a mem- 
ber of the 23rd New York Regiment. He 
held commissions in that regiment, and also 
on the staff of the Eleventh Brigade, of which 
it was a part. 

He is a member of a number of organizations, 
among them being Meade Post No. i, the 
Union League, Manufacturers' Club, Presby- 
terian Social Union, Art Club and Contem- 
porary Club, of this City; of the XX Century 
and Hamilton Clubs, of Brooklyn; and of the 
Pennsylvania Society, Union League, Century, 
XIX Century, and National Arts Club, New 
York City. 






.'^'^ 



Robert C. Ogden 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 241 

For above a quarter of a century Mr. Ogden 
has had official connection with the Hampton 
Institute, Virginia, and for several years has 
been the president of its board of trustees. 
Much of its splendid usefulness has been due 
to his aggressive and enthusiastic efforts in its 
behalf. He is also a director of the Union 
Theological Seminary, New York. 

In all the great movements in this city dur- 
ing the past decade which have had for their 
object the alleviation of human suffering, his 
has been the fine executive skill and the gen- 
erous purse which have added much to their 
success — Johnstown (1889), Russia (1892), 
Philadelphia (1894), Armenia (1895-6), have 
each and all, in their time of need, been the 
recipients of his practical sympathy and aid. 

He has rendered valuable service to the 
Church at large, notably through his member- 
ship in two of its Boards — Ministerial Relief 
and Publication and Sabbath-School Work. 
In 1885, he was a commissioner to the General 
Assembly. 

Mr. Ogden is an earnest and forceful speaker, 
and his services in this direction are in fre- 
quent demand. On the 31st of May, 1892, he 
made the address at the unveiling of the monu- 
ment at Johnstown to perpetuate the memory 
of the six hundred and thirty-seven unidenti- 
fied dead who lost their lives in the great 



242 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

flood that swept through the Conemaugh Val- 
ley on the fateful 31st of May, 1889. During 
this address he said : ' ' Glancing across the 
little slopes of these grassy graves, thinking ot 
the history and the mystery, wondering why 
it was, and finding not in my mind nor in the 
teachings of other men any solution or expla- 
nation of the great tragedy, I can only in im- 
agination sit with Mrs. Browning in a country 
church-yard, and, summing it all up, repeat 
her own sweet and comforting lines — 

" And I smiled to think God's greatness 
Flowed around our incompleteness, — 
Round our restlessness, His rest." 

His closing thought was — 

" Far better some deed of brotherhood to the 
living than rare flowers, costly monuments, 
and tender sentiments to the dead." 

Mr. Ogden is also an able writer. Among 
his published works are, " Progressive Presby- 
terianism," " Pew Rents and the New Testa- 
ment," "The Perspective of Sunday-school 
Teaching, " " The Unveiling of the Monument 
to the Unknown Dead," and "Samuel Chap- 
man Armstrong : A Memorial Address." 

Mr. Ogden 's letters to the Holland Reminder 
from his summer home in Kennebunkport, 
Maine, were always deeply interesting, and 
had a virile force which enabled us to see almost 
with his own eyes his old favorite, the change- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 243 

less yet ever-changing ocean, of which he 
never tired of writing, nor we of reading. 
The following brief extract from one of these 
letters is a fine example of his imaginative and 
appreciative powers : 

"In my wanderings here I often imagine 
that Faber must have written his exquisite 
Vox Angelica by the seaside. Only in such 
surroundings could he have called upon his 
soul to hear the angelic songs swelling 

' O'er earth's green fields and ocean's wave-beat 
shore. ' 

" Only in the blackness of a night storm on 
the water could he have felt the sadness that 
breathes in the line : 

' Darker than night life's shadows fall around us.' 

" Only in a golden sunset by the sea could 
he have thought : 

' Far, far away, like bells at evening pealing, 
The voice of Jesus sounds o'er land and sea, 
And laden souls, by thousands meekly stealing. 
Kind Shepherd, turn their weary steps to Thee.' 

"And so on to the grand expectancy of 
hopefulness with which the blessed hymn ends : 
'■ Till morning's joy shall end the night of weeping, 

And life's long shadows break in cloudless love.' 

"Surely he got his heart lessons from the 
gray days and the golden by the sea." 

Mr, Ogden became our superintendent in 
1879, and at the organization of the church in 



244 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

1 882, he was one of the four elected to the 
eldership. Some time later, when the board 
of trustees was formed, he also became a mem- 
ber of that body. He never permitted his in- 
timate relation with the broader fields of action 
to serve as a pretext to neglect the no less im- 
portant duties which came to him through 
these offices and to which his intimate knowl- 
edge of men and affairs and his wide business 
experience enabled him to bring executive 
ability of the highest order. 

He was married on the ist of March, i860, 
to Miss Ellen Elizabeth Eewis. For a long 
while Mrs. Ogden was actively engaged in the 
work of the church, as a member of the choir; 
and of the school, as a teacher of the Primary 
Department. Their two daughters were also 
teachers in the school. 

Although in close touch with many lines of 
our work, it may be safe to say that Mr. 
Ogden's most serious thought was given to 
the planning and erection of the new church 
building. To his matchless energy, cultivated 
taste, and whole-souled generosity, we are in- 
debted for much of the completeness displayed 
in its construction. This love for church- 
building came to him naturally through a long 
line of ancestry. Away back in 1630, Richard 
Ogden, of good Puritan stock, came from 
England to this country and settled in Stam- 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 245 

ford, Connecticut. In an old colonial record, 
still extant, there is a contract made by Rich- 
ard Ogden and his brother John, in 1642, to 
build a church in New Amsterdam, now New 
York. Mr. Ogden is a direct descendant from 
Richard Ogden, from whom he is six genera- 
tions removed. 

On the evening of the wedding of Mr. 
Ogden's parents, in August, 1833, an official 
member of the old Tenth Church called on his 
grandmother to get her signature to a letter 
addressed to Dr. Boardman, requesting him to 
become the pastor of that church. At that 
time, his grandmother (she being a widow) 
and her family of seven daughters and two 
sons, were all connected with the Tenth 
Church. Mr. Ogden has always taken special 
interest in the Boardman incident in view of 
the fact that he himself became an elder in 
the church which owes its being to the one 
over which Dr. Boardman was so long the 
pastor. 

Of Mr. Ogden's love for Hollond it is almost 
needless to speak. In spite of his pressing 
business and social duties he was often at the 
mid-week prayer meetings ; and Sunday after- 
noons always found him, if in town, in com- 
mand of the school. Of his liberality, our 
treasurer, Mr. Cooke, writes: "I have often 
felt that it was hardly justice to Mr. Ogden 



246 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

to keep to myself the knowledge of his gener- 
osity to which our church and school owe so 
much." 

The annual receptions given by Mr. Ogden 
to the officers and teachers were always looked 
forward to with pleasure. We were not only 
received with genial hospitality but also had 
the additional pleasure of listening to helpful 
addresses from one or more distinguished 
speakers. 

On the 4th of April, 1897, Mr. Ogden occu- 
pied the platform for the last time as superin- 
tendent. Having assumed charge of the 
Wanamaker store in New York, he found it 
impracticable to retain the leadership of the 
school. He continues, however, his official 
connection with the boards of the church. 

The following appreciative sketch by Mr. 
H. A. Walker sets forth in much of its true 
light Mr. Ogden 's former relation to the 
school : 

I well remember the first day Mr. Ogden 
entered upon his duties as superintendent of 
Hollond school. When he arose to speak, 
after Mr. Cooke's introduction, he impressed 
me as stern, vigorous and forcible, and I won- 
dered if he would win and hold the hearts of 
our scholars. In the eighteen years of his offi- 
cial connection with the school, how completely 
and fairly he won everybody is too well known 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 247 

to need any words of mine by way of emphasis. 
To analyze his work briefly is not easy, large 
as the subject is. Here are a few points that 
"he who runs may read: " 

First. His tremendous honesty of purpose. 
He never believed eloquence any substitute for 
life and action. Behind the words was the 
man; no show or sham about any part of hi& 
work; no wooden fronts painted to imitate 
marble for him. Like a great rock, he stood 
for what is square and true. He helped in a 
very large degree to put the Hollond church 
and school upon a platform broad and fair — 
equal rights and privileges, without regard to 
social standing or financial means. 

Second. He was able, to a wonderful degree. 
The school under his management reached its 
highest efficiency. His splendid personality, 
his brilliant mind, with its wealth of resources, 
the helpful, strong talks he gave from the desk 
Sunday after Sunday, were an inspiration to 
all. He told no silly, exaggerated, sentimental 
stories; he spoke the solid, manly truth. He 
hit hard and often, with no compromise with 
meanness or narrowness. 

Third. His hopefulness and faith were con- 
tagious. He left no depressing influence. With 
him " To doubt would be disloyalty; to falter 
would be sin." He was the father of the 
* ' Free Church ' ' idea — wide open doors ; a 



248 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

gospel for all ; give as God prospers. His 
broad conception of the work put it on a basis 
that has given it a commanding position in the 
Church throughout the country because of the 
rare financial methods that control it. He 
backed his faith with his dollars; not only 
then, but now. The average man called to 
another city would also feel called to drop 
his burden. In Mr. Ogden's case he con- 
tinues his keen interest and gives substantial 
help. 

Fourth. His contribution to the general life 
at Hollond was very wholesome; his influence 
uplifting. The dignity and kindliness of his 
life were inspiring. With his varied interests 
he could find time to carry a pitcher of soup a 
dozen squares to a sick boy — not once but a 
dozen times. Match it! 

Fifth. He had a beginning, a middle, and 
an end to whatever he f/dd. He felt the re- 
sponsibility and importance of the office of su- 
perintendent; there was nothing slipshod about 
his work. He toiled for what he gave us. 
His vigor, enthusiasm and fidelity were re- 
freshing. 

Thank God for men of action; men of high 
purpose; men of fine influence; men who tie 
themselves to God's work because they love 
it; men of large outlook — with no limited 
horizon ! 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 249 

Mr. William ly. Cooke became assistant su- 
perintendent of the school under Mr. Morris 
in 1 87 1. He sustained this re- 

wiLLiAM L. lation until November ist, 1897, 
COOKE when he was elected, against his 
earnest protest, to the position of 
superintendent made vacant by the resignation 
of Mr. Ogden. He is one of the most active 
and conscientious men who have ever been 
connected with our work. His services as 
elder, trustee, treasurer, and superintendent, 
(all of which offices he now holds) have been 
invaluable. His interest in the school began 
with his earliest recollection and has grown 
stronger with each succeeding year. The 
church has no member more consistent, the 
school no worker more sincere. He is faithful 
to all life's duties, and is in every way worthy 
of the high esteem in which he is held. 

At the organization of the South Branch 
Young Men's Christian Association, Mr. Cooke 
was elected to the presidency, and he has been 
elected continuously to that office since that 
time. Mr. Cooke is also a member of the 
Presbyterian Social Union, and a vice-presi- 
dent of the Sunday-school Superintendents' 
Association. 

Although a busy man, Mr. Cooke makes it 
a rule to attend all the Sunday services, and 
also the Wednesday evening prayer-meetings. 



250 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

He was one of the original members of the 
Young People's Association, which for years 
did much to advance the spiritual interests of 
our young people, and which, a few years ago, 
was merged into the Christian Endeavor So- 
ciety, through which its uplifting influence 
continues. 

Mr. Cooke represents much that is best in 
our church and school life. Few men have 
labored more faithfully, and none more dis- 
interestedly. His interest has never failed; 
his faith has never faltered. He has no ambi- 
tion greater than to see the Hollond work in 
the forefront of spiritual usefulness. 

With the exception of a change in the date, 
an invitation somewhat similar to the following 
has annually found its way to every officer and 
teacher of Hollond: 

" Mr. William L,. Cooke requests the pleas- 
ure of your company at a social gathering of 
the officers of the Hollond Memorial Church, 
with the officers and teachers of the Sunday- 
school, at his home, 1536 South Broad Street, 
Philadelphia, Thursday evening, February 16, 
1899." 

This is Mr. Cooke's kindly method of keep- 
ing alive the memory of the occupancy of the 
chapel by the school — February 15, 1874. 
Aside from perpetuating the pleasant asso- 
ciations of the past, these annual gatherings 
have a very practical value in increasing the 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 251 

interest of officers and teachers in each other, 
and in creating a bond of S3mpathy which 
must necessarily have a wholesome and stimu- 
lating effect on the entire work. 

Mr. Cooke is whole-souled and kindly. He 
does his work with rare fidelity. In the sacred 
circle of home he is the ideal brother; in the 
business world he stands for whatever is manly, 
straightforward, and honest; and in his relig- 
ious life he is " an example of the believers — 
in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, 
in faith, and in purity." 

Mr. Henry A. Walker has been connected 

with the school from early childhood. He 

was made associate superintendent 

HENRY A. j October, 1 886. He also holds 

WALKER ' 

the office of elder and trustee. In 
supplying classes with teachers, in helping to 
maintain order, and in his general oversight, 
his services have been of inestimable value to 
the school ; while his practical business experi- 
ence has made him a most useful member of 
two of the church boards. He believes in the 
gospel of hope, of cheer, of courage. He 
has but little patience with the man who in- 
sists on facing darkness rather than light. 
He sets his ideals high, and, without ostenta- 
tion, seeks to reach them. He has a strong 
personality and his life has long since become 
a compelling influence for good. 



252 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

Mr. Walker is a member of the Presbyterian 
Social Union. In 1886, he was the first presi- 
dent of the Young People's Union of Phila- 
delphia. He is an able and interesting speaker. 
That he is a forceful writer and that he is 
devotedly attached to the interests of the 
church are admirably shown in the following 
brief extracts from a paper read by him before 
the Ushers' Association May 25th, 1899 : — 

" This church of ours— God bless it — is des- 
tined, I believe, to do a great work in this por- 
tion of the city. The work of the past, with 
its noble and inspiring influences, points to 
this result ; the present able and consecrated 
management points to it also. Sacrifice and 
service, past and present, yoked together must 
accomplish the purpose we hope for, long for, 
pray for — that this church may stand in this 
community with no uncertain message, with no 
unloving heart, with no compromise with evil. 

"Let us be glad we have this opportunity 
for work. It is a rare one. Work in any well- 
organized church means splendid opportunities. 
Work develops ; work means character. I 
don't want to live a mean, narrow and 
shriveled life; neither do you. I don't want 
anyone to discount my Christianity ; neither 
do you. It is a sorry thing for any man, and 
for the church to which he belongs, if his 
religion is so poor it does not help to make 



BIOGRAPHICAL vSKETCHES 253 

himself, his church, and other men better. 
Not what we have gathered but what we have 
given counts in the ways of usefulness. 

' ' We want men to believe in the future 
of this church with all their hearts ; men who 
will try to do something big and noble here ; 
men who will feel that the success of this 
whole work depends largely upon their own 
personal relation to it. Your work and my 
work for this church ought to be better to-day 
than yesterday ; better this week than last 
week ; better this year than last year. We 
want to be concerned for its success ; we want 
to be hurt by its failure. ' What does my 
membership cost me in labor and self denial ? ' 
That is the question each one of us should face. 
We want enlarged work ; we want enlarged 
thought. We have got the plant, situated 
just where it ought to be — where the current 
of life is constant. We have got the preacher. 
You may come here four Sundays in a month 
that has four, and five Sundays in a month 
that has five, and hear sermons stimulating 
and uplifting. It is no sinecure to keep pace 
with the needs of a congregation such as ours. 
One man can't do it ; he should have the 
hearty co-operation and the direct support of 
every man, women and child connected with 
this place. Not for his own sake, but for the 
Master's. 



254 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

"I have no sympathy with the man who takes 
a pessimistic glance at this magnificent work. 
Such a look is cowardly ; such a look is dis- 
loyalty to God. So long as there is one empty 
seat in our church and our school, there is 
work for us ; so long as there is one life in this 
neighborhood unchurched, there is something 
for us to do. Help to lift a man and you lift 
yourself ; neglect a man and you hurt yourself. 
Nothing but our level best will suffice. The 
right spirit wont quail at the work of to-day. 
Assume some responsibility ; don't do any- 
thing unless you mean it ; don't say anything 
unless you feel it. Strength, sincerity, and 
individuality of character are worth striving 
for. We must think, must plan, must work 
and endure, to make our church the place it 
ought to be ! " 



CHARTER 

[The following is an exact copy of our 
Charter as amended in 1886. The original 
Charter was adopted in May, 1883.] 

We whose names are hereunto subscribed 
having associated for the promotion of the 
cause of Religion by such means, especially 
the worship of Almighty God, as are usual 
and customary in congregations under the 
ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the General Assem- 
bly of the Presbyterian Church in the United 
States of America, and believing that it is 
essential to the permanent organization of 
such an association, that it should enjoy the 
powers, privileges and immunities of a Corpor- 
ation or body politic in law, do hereby certify 
that we are all Citizens of the Commonwealth 
of Pennsylvania and have associated ourselves 
for the purpose of being formed into a Corpor- 
ation of the First Class, under the provisions 
of the Act of Assembly of said Common- 
wealth entitled " An Act to provide for the in- 
corporation and regulation of certain Corpor- 
ations," approved the Twenty-ninth day of 
April A. D. 1874 ^^'^ t^^t the following shall 



256 CHARTER 

be the objects, articles and conditions of the 
said Corporation : 

Article First. The name, style and title of 
the said Corporation shall be " Harriet HoUond 
Memorial Presbyterian Church of the City of 
Philadelphia." 

Article Second. The faith and government 
of the said Church, shall conform to the faith 
and government of the Presbyterian Church in 
the United States of America, and the real 
estate now owned, or which may be owned 
hereafter by this Corporation shall be forever 
held and used by a church and congregation 
which shall be connected with and under the 
care of the said Presbyterian Church in the 
United Stales of America. 

Article Third. The place where the busi- 
ness of the said Corporation shall be transacted 
is in the City of Philadelphia and the said 
Corporation shall exist perpetually. There 
shall be no capital stock issued. The names 
and residents of the Subscribers are as follows, 
viz: Robert C. Ogden, 1708 Locust Street, 
Theodore H. I^oder 1402 Wharton Street, 
James C. Taylor 1307 Federal Street, Hon. 
John K. Findlay 1152 South Broad Street and 
William L. Cooke 825 Ellsworth Street all of 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 

Article Fourth. The temporal affairs of this 
Church shall be managed by a Board of Nine 



CHARTER 257 

Trustees, and they shall meet within ten days 
after the annual election and shall choose from 
their own number a President, Secretary and 
Treasurer. 

Article Fifth. An Election for Trustees 
shall be held upon the Third Monday of January 
Anno Domini One thousand eight hundred and 
eighty-five and upon the Third Monday of 
January, bi-ennially thereafter. At each 
election the Corporation shall elect three 
trustees to serve for the term of six years or 
until their successors are elected. For the 
purpose of organization Nine Trustees were 
elected on the Third Monday of January A. D. 
One thousand eight hundred and eighty-three, 
three of whom are to serve for two years from 
the date of their election, three for four years 
and the remaining three for six years, or in 
each case, until their successors are elected and 
the said Board was given power when organ- 
ized to decide by lot the respective terms of 
its members. The Trustees so elected shall 
be the Trustees of the said Corporation for the 
said terms and the term of each member shall 
be as by the said lot determined. Any vacan- 
cies occurring in the Board of Trustees, by 
death resignation or otherwise, the Board shall 
have power to fill. If the said Corporation 
neglect or omit on the day of the bi-ennial 
election, to hold their election as aforesaid, 



258 CHARTER 

said Corporation shall not be dissolved by 
reason of such neglect or omission, but said 
election shall take place within one calendar 
month from said day ; Provided that in all 
cases notice of the time and place of holding 
an election, stated or special, for Trustees, 
shall be given out in the Church on each of the 
two Sabbaths immediately preceding the day 
of the election, by the Minister officiating, or 
a person delegated for that purpose by the 
Board of Trustees, The names and residences 
of the present Trustees elected on the Third 
Monday of January A. D. One thousand eight 
hundred and eighty-three as aforesaid are as 
follows ; Robert C. Ogden 1708 lyocust Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa., Theodore H. I^oder 1402 
Wharton Street Philadelphia, Pa., David Orr 
1305 South Fifteenth Street Philadelphia, Pa., 
James C. Taylor 1307 Federal Street Phila- 
delphia, Pa., Amos Dotterer 1325 South Broad 
Street Philadelphia Pa., Henry A. Walker, 
1733 Reed Street Philadelphia, Pa., Hon. John 
K. Findlay 1152 South Broad Street Phila. 
Pa., William L. Cooke 825 Ellsworth Street 
Phila. Pa. and James M. I^eo 1503 Dunganon 
Street Philadelphia Penna. 

Article Sixth. Any male person of the age 
of twenty-one years, who is a citizen of this 
State and a lay member of this corporation and 
has contributed the sum of five dollars for the 



CHARTER 259 

year immediately preceding the day of election, 
shall be eligible to the office of Trustee. 

Article Seventh. All regular worshipers in 
this Church who have attained the age of 
eighteen years, and who shall have contributed, 
by pew rent or otherwise, at the rate of two 
dollars annually for at least six months ; and 
whose contributions shall be a matter of record ; 
and not in arrears, shall be members and 
qualified voters in this Corporation. 

Article Eighth. The several officers of the 
Board of Trustees shall perform the duties 
usually pertaining to their respective offices. 
The Treasurer shall receive and account for all 
moneys belonging to said Corporation, and 
shall give ample security on his accepting the 
office, for the faithful discharge of his duties, 
he shall have his accounts settled annually, to 
be laid before the Corporation at the time of 
the annual meeting, and he shall pay no 
moneys, except in accordance with appropria- 
tions made by the Board, upon orders signed 
by the President and attested by the Secretary. 

Article Niyith. The Board of Trustees shall 
hold stated meetings upon the Thursday after 
the third Monday of January and on the thiid 
Thurday of April, July and October, for the 
transaction of business. Special Meetings of 
the Board may be called at any time by the 
President, and it shall be his duty to call a 



26o CHARTER 

special meeting upon the request in writing of 
at least three of the Trustees. Five Trustees 
shall form a quorum for the transaction of 
business, but a less number may adjourn from 
time to time. 

Article Tenth. The board of Trustees, 
shall take charge of, and hold all the real and 
personal estate of this corporation — and shall 
receive rents, and dues of the Corporation, and 
the public Collections, keeping the house of 
Worship, and other property of the Church in 
repair — providing for the payment of the 
debts of the Church, and paying the salary of 
the Pastor, and employing and paying the 
salaries of the Chorister and Sexton — and pay- 
ing current expenses necessary in maintaining 
public worship. The board of Trustees shall 
keep two correct and regular minutes of all 
their meetings, whether stated or special, and 
full true and correct accounts of all monies 
received and expended by them, which said 
minutes, and accounts, shall at all times be 
open to the inspection, of any three members 
of the Corporation, at the time entitled to vote 
for Trustees. They shall also produce a full 
statement of their accounts, receipts and 
vouchers, to be open to the inspection of all 
whom it may concern, on the day of the election 
of Trustees, one hour before the time specified 
for said election to commence. 



CHARTER 261 

Article Eleventh. The Board of Trustees 
shall have power to make all such By Laws, 
Rules and Regulations from time to time as 
may be found necessary for their government 
and the support and management of the 
secular concerns and affairs of this Corpor- 
ation. Provided that the said By Laws, Rules 
and Regulations, or any of them, be not repug- 
nant to the Constitution and Laws of the 
United States, to the Constitution and Laws of 
this Commonwealth, or to the Provisions of 
this Charter. 

Article Twelfth. It shall be lawful for the 
Board of Trustees to agree upon and adopt a 
Seal with a suitable device for this Corpor- 
ation, and the same to alter, break and renew 
at their pleasure. 

Article Thirteenth. The Pastor of the 
Church shall be called according to the Consti- 
tution of the Presbyterian Church as afore- 
said. He shall be elected by ballot and a 
majority of the whole number of votes cast 
shall be necessary to his election. Provided 
always, that notice of the time and place of 
holding such election whenever it shall be 
necessary, shall be given out in the Church on 
each of the two Sabbaths immediately preceding 
the day of election by the minister officiating, 
or a person delegated for that purpose by the 
Board of Trustees. All the qualified voters for 



262 CHARTER 

Trustees and all communicants in connection 
with t.he Church, who are in good and regular 
standing, shall be entitled to vote in the 
election of Pastor. 

Article Fourteenth. The salary of the Pastor 
shall be fixed by a majority of the qualified 
voters for Pastor present at the meeting for 
^his election, and immediately preceding there- 
to : and it shall not be altered unless by the 
consent of a majority of the qualified voters as 
aforesaid present at an annual or special meet- 
ing of the Congregation. Said salary shall 
be paid monthly in advance. 

Article Fifteejith. The Elders and Deacons 
of the Church shall be elected by ballot, by 
the communicants in connection with the 
Church, who are in good and regular standing 
exclusively, and a majority of the whole num- 
ber of votes cast shall be necessary to a choice. 

Article Sixteenth. The Session of this 
Church shall have the superintendence and 
control of the singing, and should it be 
desirable at any time to engage professional 
services in connection with the Church music, 
the contract for the same may be made by the 
Board of Trustees but shall not be considered 
as valid without the duly recorded approval of 
the Session. They shall have control of all 
funds contributed for missionary and benev- 
olent purposes and of all such spiritual matters 



CHARTER 263 

as appertain to the office of the eldership by 
the form of government of the Presbyterian 
Church in the United States of America. The 
Deacons shall have charge and distribution of 
any funds which may be collected or appro- 
priated for the relief of the poor of the Church ; 
and the Trustees shall pay over to them all 
funds which may be collected or received by 
the Trustees for such purposes. 

Article Seventeenth. The Annual Meeting 
of the Congregation shall be held on the third 
Monday in January in each and every year, 
when an}' matters of business shall be in order. 
Special Meetings of the Congregation may be 
held at any time upon the call of the Board of 
Trustees, and it shall be the duty of the Presi- 
dent upon the request in writing of three 
members of the Corporation to call a special 
meeting at any time. But, no business shall 
be considered in order at any special meeting 
unless such business has been distinctly speci- 
fied in the notice hereinafter provided for. 
No person other than the qualified voters for 
Trustees shall be allowed to vote at any annual 
or special meeting of the Congregation except 
as herein otherwise expressly provided. Notice 
of every annual or special meeting shall be 
given out in the Church on each of the two 
Sabbaths, immediately preceding such meeting, 
by the Minister officiating or a person delegated 



264 CHARTER 

for that purpose by the Board of Trustees. 

Article Eighteenth. The Board of Trustees 
shall keep a book in which shall be registered 
the subscriptions to the support of this Church 
of all the subscribing members of the Congre- 
gation and such record shall be the only 
evidence required as a qualification for voting 
as provided for in Article Seventh of this 
Charter. The book of the Session, certified 
by the Moderator or Clerk, shall be conclusive 
evidence of the good and regular standing, as 
a communicant, of any person, in all cases 
where, by the terms of this Charter, such stand- 
ing is required as a qualification for voting. 

Article Nineteenth. The clear yearly value 
or income of the real and personal estate held 
by the said Corporation shall not exceed at any 
time the sum of Ten thousand Dollars. 

Article Twentieth. All property real and 
personal which shall be bequeathed, or devised, 
or conveyed to said Corporation, for the use of 
said Church, for religious worship or sepulture, 
or the maintenance of either, shall be taken 
held and inure, subject to the control and dis- 
position of the lay members of said Church, or 
such constituted officers or representatives 
thereof as shall be composed of a majority of 
lay members, citizens of Pennsylvania, having a 
controlling power according to the rules,regula- 
tions, usages or corporate requirements thereof. 



CHARTER 265 

Article Tiventy -first. Any amendment or 
amendments to this Charter shall be proposed 
at any annual or special meeting of the Cor- 
poration, and if agreed to by a majority of the 
qualified voters, then present in person, shall 
be entered upon the minutes of said meeting, 
with the number of voters given in favor and 
against the same, and the said amendment or 
amendments, shall again be laid before the 
next annual or special meeting of the said 
Corporation, and if the same shall then be 
adopted by three-fourths of the qualified 
voters, then present in person, such amend- 
ments or amendment shall be considered as 
finally agreed to, and it shall be the duty of 
the Trustees or any one of them to procure 
the ratification and sanction thereof by the 
proper authority. Provided always neverthe- 
less that the foregoing provision is not to be 
construed, as authorizing any amendment or 
change in the second Article of this Charter, 
and it is hereby expressly agreed and declared 
that the second Article, or any part thereof 
shall not be subject to any alteration change 
or Amendment whatsoever. 

Robert C. Ogden, 

WlIvLIAM L^. COOKK 

Theodore H. Loder 
John K. Findlay 
James C. Taylor. 



THE OLD TENTH CHURCH 

In a sermon delivered November 7, 1858 — 
the twenty-fifth anniversary of his pastorate 
over the Tenth Church — Dr. Henry A. Board- 
man thus spoke of the beginnings of that 
important organization: 

"The merit of proposing the erection of a 
church on this spot [North-east corner of 12th 
and Wahiut streets] is due to the late Furman 
Learning. He associated with himself five 
other gentlemen, namely, John Stille, of the 
Second Church, George Ralston and James 
Kerr, of the First Church, and William Brown 
and Solomon Allen, of the Sixth Church. 
Through the liberality and energy of these 
six Christian men the work was accomplished. 
The corner-stone was laid with appropriate 
ceremonies by the late venerable Ashbel Green, 
D.D., on the 8th of August, 1828.* 

"On the 24th of May, following, the first 
sermon was preached in the lecture-room by 
Dr. C. C. Lansing. The building was com- 

* In a manuscript found in the corner-stone when the church 
•was demolished in 1894, the date is given asjuly 14th, 1S2S, and 
" Ihe Philadelphia^;' of July 18, 1S28, gives the same date. 

H. P. F. 



THE OLD TENTH CHURCH 267 

pleted on the 7th of December, 1829, and was 
opened for worship on the ensuing Sabbath, 
the 13th." 

Its pastors were : Thomas McAuley, D.D, 
IvL.D., installed December 17th, 1829; Henry 
A. Boardman, D.D., ordained and installed 
November 8th, 1833 ; John DeWitt, D.D., in- 
stalled October 12th, 1876; William Brenton 
Greene, Jr., D.D., the last pastor, installed 
May 14th, 1883. Dr. Greene's pastoral 
relation was, at his own request, dissolved by 
Presbytery December 5th, 1892, in order that 
he might accept the Stuart Professorship of 
the Relations of Philosophy and Science to 
the Christian Religion, in Princeton Theolog- 
ical Seminary. The church also had two 
associate pastors — Rev. Louis R. Fox, elected 
December nth, 187 1, and the Rev. J. Henry 
Sharpe, D.D,, elected November 9th, 1874. 
Three of these pastors are still living : Drs. 
DeWitt and Greene, who are Professors in 
Princeton Theological Seminary ; and Dr. 
Sharpe, who is the pastor of the West Park 
Church, Philadelphia. 

John S. Hart, IvIy.D., the distinguished 
author and educator, and the principal of 
the Philadelphia Boys' High School from 1842 
to 1859, was, for a time, the superintendent 
of the Sunday-school. Richard H. Wallace 
was the last superintendent. 



268 THE OLD TENTH CHURCH 

It is interesting to note that the first night 
school in this city, for the gratuitous instruc- 
tion of young men, was established by mem- 
bers of the Tenth Church — an innovation 
'which was afterwards adopted by the munici- 
pal authorities. 

During Dr. Boardman's pastorate the church 
became very popular. The services were 
crowded, and it was often impossible to pro- 
cure sittings. Special attention was given to 
visitors, medical students, and young ladies 
attending the seminaries. The church was 
also distinguished for its noble generosity. 
Not infrequently as much as $25,000 a year 
was contributed to benevolent objects. Be- 
tween the years 1844 and 1873, 250 boxes 
filled with clothing, valued at $60,000, were 
sent out to missionaries. 

The church was interested at various times 
in local mission enterprises, the most important 
of which was the one known as the Moya- 
mensing Mission, and which developed into 
the Hollond Memorial Church. In 1856 a 
colony from the Tenth Church established the 
West Spruce Street Church. 

In view of the encroachment of business 
houses, the consequent removal to a distance 
of many families of the congregation, and sev- 
eral other causes, the strength of the church 
gradually declined until finally at a congrega- 







II 


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4-iH 




j^sMmss^^BBk 



THE OLD TENTH CHURCH 269 

tional meeting held on the 3d of May, 1893, it 
was 

" Resolved, That the work of this church be 
discontinued at this place, and that the church 
property at 12th and Walnut streets be sold at 
the earliest date that a good price can be 
obtained for it." 

At a meeting of the congregation held on 
the 24th of May, of the same year, the follow- 
ing action was taken: 

Resolved^ That we offer the corporate title 
of the Tenth Presbyterian Church to the West 
Spruce Street Presbyterian Church. 

Resolved, That when the property at Twelfth 
and Walnut streets be sold, $75,000 of the 
money be appropriated to the Hollond Presby- 
terian Church — $35,000 of the same to be ap- 
plied to the payment of the church indebted- 
ness, and $40,000 to be held as an endowment, 
protected by the language of the deed of the 
Tenth Presbyterian Church, which is as fol- 
lows: "Provided always, that they shall ad- 
here to and maintain the mode of faith and 
church discipline as set forth in the Confession 
of Faith of the Presbyterian Church in the 
United States of America." 

Resolved, That the residue be given to the 
West Spruce Street Presbyterian Church as an 
endowment fund, protected by the language of 
the deed of the Tenth Presbyterian Church 
and to be held by trustees to be elected by the 
session and trustees of this church. 

At its meeting on the 5th of June, 1893, the 
Presbytery recommended the Tenth Church 



270 THE OLD TENTH CHURCH 

to retain its corporate existence until the sale 
of the property; approved of the proposed ec- 
clesiastical union between the Tenth Church 
and the West Spruce Street Church; and also 
approved of the arrangements adopted by the 
congregation for the disposal of the proceeds 
of the sale of the old church property. 

On the 3d of June, 1895, Presbytery took 
the following final action: 

Resolved, That the Tenth Presbyterian 
Church and the West Spruce Street Presby- 
terian Church be and the same are hereby 
united and merged into each other, and con- 
solidated into one church to be known here- 
after as the Tenth Presbyterian Church. 

In the spring of 1894. the old church was 
sold for $150,000, of which amount Hollond, 
in accordance with the second of the above 
resolutions, received $75,000 and the West 
Spruce Street Church about $70,000. 

The Sunday-school of the old Tenth held its 
sixty-fourth and last anniversary on Sunday 
afternoon, May 7, 1893. An interesting pro- 
gramme was prepared, which consisted of re- 
sponsive reading and singing, and addresses 
by Mr. Richard H. Wallace, superintendent; 
Professor Robert Ellis Thompson, D.D., and 
Dr. Wm. M. Paden. 

In introducing Dr. Paden, Mr. Wallace said: 
"The Tenth Church and Hollond have been 
linked together by the most intimate and 



THE OIvD TENTH CHURCH 271 

closest of ties — that of mother and child. 
With pardonable pride we have watched and 
rejoiced over the marvellous progress Hollond 
has made in the past, and which we believe it 
is destined to make in the years to come; it is 
therefore with peculiar pleasure that we wel- 
come Dr. Paden, who has done so much to 
make that progress possible." 

A touching incident occurred during the 
closing exercises. It was plainly evident that 
the older members felt the impressiveness of 
the hour; hallowed thoughts of other days 
were crowding thick and fast upon them; 
much that they loved and reverenced was in 
the clasp of the dead years; and the old church 
building, so dear to their hearts and about 
which clustered so many thronging and haunt- 
ing associations, would soon be but a slowly 
fading memory. As if in sympathy with the 
solemn hour, the sun had gone behind a cloud, 
and a softened and subdued light came through 
the dim, time-stained windows, which seemed, 
like the weary eyes of an old man, to look 
down wonderingly and full of retrospective 
melancholy upon the assembled worshippers. 
But just as the congregation joined in the 
hymn, "Jesus, Saviour, Pilot Me," with an 
earnestness which plainly indicated that it was 
sung as a heartfelt prayer for future help and 
guidance, a flood of sunlight broke through 



272 THE OLD TENTH CHURCH 

the cloud and fell like a benediction upon the 
flower- wreathed pulpit, the bright faces of the 
children, and the bowed heads of the old. 
Coming as it did with the lines — 

"May I hear Thee say to me, 
Fear not, I will pilot thee," 

it seemed prophetic of answered prayer and 
of continued blessings for the dear old church, 
for the boys and girls, and for those who were 

" Only waiting till the angels 
Open wide the mystic gates." 

The old building was torn down in the 
summer of 1894 to make way for the erection 
of the Episcopal Diocesan House. When the 
corner-stone was removed in August of that 
year, the following interesting paper was found 
in a glass jar hermetically sealed: 

"The corner-stone of the Tenth Presby- 
terian Church was laid July 14, 182S, in the 
city of Philadelphia, by Ashbel Green, a min- 
ister of the gospel of said city, John Quincy 
Adams being President of the United States, 
John Andrew Shultz, governor of the State of 
Pennsylvania, and Joseph Watson, mayor of 
Philadelphia. 

"The enterprise of building this house for 
the public worship of Almighty God was con- 
ceived, undertaken, and the funds for the erec- 
tion of the same were principally furnished by 



THE OLD TENTH CHURCH 273 

the following gentlemen, who acted as a build- 
ing committee, viz: John Stille, Furman lycam- 
ing, James Kerr, Solomon Allen, George Ral- 
ston, William Brown. In the erection of this 
edifice the architect was William Strickland; 
the carpenter and builder, James Leslie; the 
bricklayers, A. & E. Robbins. When the stone 
was laid the inhabitants of the United States 
were enjoying perfect peace, and zealously en- 
gaged ill promoting agricultural, mechanical, 
and industrial improvements, associations, and 
enterprises. Steamboat navigation was much 
in use. Of our canals and railroads some were 
completed and many more were planned and 
commenced. For the promotion of good morals 
and Christian piety infant Sunday-schools and 
Bible classes had been instituted, the Bible and 
tract societies formed; missions, both domestic 
and foreign, commenced and successfully pros- 
ecuted. 

"The Presbyterian Church in the United 
States, under the care of the General Assem- 
bly, consisted of 16 Synods, 90 Presbyteries, 
1,285 ministers, 1,968 congregations, and 
146,308 communicants. The house of which 
this is the corner-stone, is ever to be con- 
sidered as dedicated to the worship of the one 
only living and true God, Father, Son and 
Holy Ghost. In it no doctrine ought ever to 
be taught, no worship ever attempted, not 



274 THE OLD TENTH CHURCH 

consistent with a belief of the unity and per- 
sonality of the Godhead, the natural and deep 
depravity of man, the atonement and inter- 
cession of the Lord Jesus Christ, the indis- 
pensable necessity of the renewing and sancti- 
fying influences of the Holy Spirit in life, 
sincere obedience to all the commands of God, 
and a future state of endless rewards and 
punishments. /. ' may many souls be won 
to God in this His temple on earth that shall 
be translated to the glorious worship and eter- 
nal bliss of ' the house not made with hands, 
eternal in the heavens.' " 



M|/. 



THE PRESENT TENTH CHURCH 

(Formerly the West Spruce Street Church) 



By Rev, Marcus A. Bro son, D, D. 



The present Tenth Church is the result of a 
union of the Tenth Presbyterian Church and 
the West Spruce Street Presbyterian Church. 
This union was consummated as follows : By 
vote of the Tenth Church, May 24, 1893 ; by 
vote of the West Spruce Street Church, June 
7, 1893 ; by vote of the Presbytery of Phila- 
delphia, June 3, 1895 ; by action of the Court 
of Common Pleas, September 16, 1895. 

The purpose of this chapter is to give a brief 
sketch of the West Spruce Street Church from 
its organization to the time of the consolidation 
with the Tenth Church; and of the united 
church since that date. Sketches heretofore 
published have been used freely in the prepar- 
ation of this chapter. 

On the 20th of January, 1852, a number of 
gentlemen connected with the Tenth Presby- 
terian Church met at the house of the pastor, 
Rev. Henry A. Boardman, D. D., to confer 



276 THE PRESENT TENTH CHURCH 

upon the duty of establishing a new Presby- 
terian church in the city. 

The Tenth Church, as stated in the preced- 
ing chapter, had been the result of a small 
colonization from the First, Second and Sixth 
churches. Originating in the foresight of only 
six persons, it had become a large and prosper- 
ous congregation, with a communicant mem- 
bership of more than 500 and a Sabbath-school 
numbering nearly 700 teachers and scholars. 
The feeling became strong that the church 
ought to establish another church by sending 
off a colony of members. Accordingly the 
above-mentioned conference was held, and a 
committee appointed to carry this purpose into 
effect. The committee consisted of the follow- 
ing-named gentlemen : James B. Ross, Single- 
ton A. Mercer, Morris Patterson, James Mur- 
phy, Thomas Hoge and James Imbrie, Jr. 
This committee, in due time, decided to locate 
the church in what was then the southwest- 
ern section of the city, and accordingly, in 
June, 1852, a suitable lot was secured on the 
southwest corner of Spruce and Seventeenth 
streets. 

On the 26th of April, 1855, the corner-stone 
of a church edifice was laid by the Rev. Dr, 
Boardman, assisted by clergymen of various 
evangelical denominations. In due time the 
present edifice was completed. The architect 



THE PRESENT TENTH CHURCH 277 

was John McArthur, Jr., and the contractor 
John McArthur. 

Before the completion of the church or chapel 
building, the organization of "the West Spruce 
Street Church ' ' had been effected. Application 
having been made to the Presbj^tery of Phila- 
delphia for the organization of the church, the 
purpose was accomplished by a committee of 
the Presbytery consisting of Rev. Drs. Board- 
man, Engles, and Rev. Mr. Shields, together 
with Messrs. Paul T. Jones and James Dixon, 
who, in the name of the Presbytery, constituted 
the new church of thirty-four members of the 
Tenth Presbyterian Church, who had requested 
the Presbytery so to do. The meeting for or- 
ganization was held in the lecture-room of the 
Tenth Church, April 3, 1856. James Imbrie, 
Jr., John S. Hart and Morris Patterson were 
elected elders ; John McArthur, Jr., was elected 
a deacon ; and the Rev. William Pratt Breed, 
then of Steubenville, Ohio, was chosen, by 
vote of the congregation, as the pastor. The 
charter of the congregation having provided 
that the pastor should be chosen by the per- 
sons subscribing to the application for the act 
of incorporation, a meeting of the said sub- 
scribers had been held on February 14, 1856, 
at which time it was unanimously resolved to 
call Mr. Breed to the pastorate of the church 
when it should be organized. 



278 THE PRESENT TENTH CHURCH 

On the 29th of March, 1856, a charter was 
obtained, in which the following gentlemen 
were named as trustees : Moses Johnson, 
Morris Patterson, Singleton A. Mercer, John 
R. Vodges, James B. Ross, James Murphy, 
William Brown, William Goodrich, Theodore 
Cuyler, James Imbrie, Jr., Maurice A. Wurts, 
J. Engle Negus, John McArthur, Jr., John S. 
Hart and Anthony J. Olmstead. 

The lecture-room of the West Spruce Street 
Church was opened for public worship on May 
18, 1856 ; Rev. William P. Breed, the pastor- 
elect, preached the sermon. Rev. Dr. Board- 
man preached in the evening. One of the con- 
ditions upon which the thirty-four members of 
the Tenth Church consented to form the new 
organization was that the pastors of the two 
churches should exchange pulpit services once 
each Sabbath. This arrangement was contin- 
ued for a number of years and until a protracted 
illness of Dr. Boardman brought it to a close. 

The installation of Rev. William P. Breed as 
pastor of the church took place June 4, 1856, 
in the Tenth Church, the moderator of the 
Presbytery, the Rev. George W. Musgrave, 
D. D., presiding. Rev. Dr. Coleman gave the 
charge to the pastor ; the charge to the people 
was delivered by Dr. Boardman. 

In the month of June of the same year, a 
Sabbath-school was organized, consisting of 



THE PREvSENT TENTH CHURCH 279 

exactly the same number of persons as origin- 
ally composed the church, namely, thirty-four. 
By appointment of the session, John S. Hart, 
one of the elders, was made superintendent. 
Professor Hart was an accomplished instructor, 
being the principal of the Central High School 
of Philadelphia. His character and work gave 
a tone to the school which has continued ever 
since. 

The church edifice was dedicated to the wor- 
ship of Almighty God on the first Sabbath of 
January, 1857. The pastor preached, morning 
and evening. At the afternoon service the 
preacher was the Rev. John M. Krebs, D. D., 
of New York, of whose church at one time Mr. 
Breed had been a member. 

The church building is rectangular in form, 
constructed of brick, with brown stone trim- 
mings, and has the tallest spire of any church 
in the city. A chapel and Sabbath-school 
building are in the rear. 

For more than thirty years the pastorate of 
Dr. Breed continued, until, at his own request, 
he became pastor emeritus, November 7, 1887. 
His death occurred February 14, 18S9. The 
funeral service in the church was attended by 
a large concourse of ministers and prominent 
laymen of the city. The members of the con- 
gregation, to whose needs he had ministered 
so long and so faithfully, were present in full 



28o THE PRESENT TENTH CHURCH 

numbers to testify, by reverent silence and 
with tears, their devoted love to his character, 
'life and labors in the Gospel. 

Dr. Breed's ministry in the church was one 
of strong and wide influence and ever-increas- 
ing power. He was held in honor for his liter- 
ary work, for his leadership in the courts of 
the Church, for his influential advocacy of 
matters of morals and of public interest appeal- 
ing to his judgment and conscience ; but he 
was held in highest honor among his own peo- 
ple for his singularly pure character, his faith- 
ful preaching of the Gospel, and his tender, 
devoted pastoral work. 

The West Spruce Street Church has been 
unusually fortunate in its eldership. Men of 
intellectual strength and of the highest moral 
character and spiritual excellence have held 
this office, and have guided the spiritual affairs 
of the church with the most efficient counsels 
and devoted labors, certain ones among them 
bestowing also most liberal gifts of money for 
the maintenance cf the church and the exten- 
sion of the Redeemer's kingdom beyond the 
boundaries of their particular congregation. 
The Patterson Memorial Presbyterian Church, 
in West Philadelphia, is the result of a gift of 
$30,000 by the will of Morris Patterson, Esq., 
placed in the hands of the trustees of the West 
Spruce Street Church, to establish a church 



THE PREvSENT TENTH CHURCH 281 

wherever they might think a Presbyterian 
church was required. The Church of the 
Evangel, at Eighteenth and Tasker streets, and 
the Presbyterian church at Fox Chase were 
established through the gifts of Gustavus S. 
Benson, Esq. Suitable mural memorials of 
these noble men of God are to be found in the 
Tenth Church — one on either side of the beau- 
tiful stone pulpit erected to the memory of Dr. 
Breed by his loving people. 

After the death of Dr. Breed, a call was ex- 
tended to the Rev. James D. Paxton, of Sche- 
nectady, N. Y., and, having accepted the same, 
he was installed as pastor, January 14, 1891. 

During Mr. Paxton's pastorate the church 
was remodeled and very beautifully ornamented 
in the interior. The decorations are of the 
Byzantine order of the period from the eighth 
to the tenth century. The whole effect is 
pleasing and worshipful. 

It was during Mr. Paxton's pastorate that 
the union with the old Tenth Church was 
effected. In 1896 Mr. Paxton resigned the 
pastoral charge of the church, to become the 
pastor of the American students in the Eatin 
Quarter of Paris, where he remained for two 
years. Dr. Paxton is now pastor of the House 
of Hope Presbyterian Church, St. Paul, Minn. 

The present officers of the church are : 

Pastor — Rev. Marcus A. Brownson, D. D., 



282 THE PRESENT TENTH CHURCH 

called from the pastorate of the First Presby- 
terian Church in Detroit, Mich., and installed 
March 30, 1897. 

Elders— George Junkin, LL.D., (1861) ; 
John D. McCord (1870); Frank K. Hippie 
(1883); Edward Smith Kelley (1891); Wm. 
W. Moorhead, M. D., (1891); Isaac Shipman 
Sharp (1891); Richard H. Wallace (1893). 

Deacons — James Johnston (1890); Gusta- 
vus S. Benson, Jr., (1890); J. Howard Breed 
(1890). 

Trustees — George Junkin, president ; Ed- 
ward Smith Kelley, secretary ; Frank K. Hip- 
pie, treasurer ; John D. McCord, R. Dale Ben- 
son, Edward P. Borden, Henry C. Fox, Henry 
Maule, Isaac Shipman Sharp, D. F. Woods, 
M. D., W. Atlee Burpee, Strickland h Kneass, 
Kenneth M. Blakiston. 

The membership of the church numbers 641 ; 
and there are enrolled 320 scholars in the Sab- 
bath-school, of which Mr. Frank K. Hippie is 
the superintendent. 

The church has always been known as zeal- 
ous for the support of the Boards of the Church 
at large. The benevolent contributions during 
the Church year of 1898-99 were as follows : 
Home Missions, $5758 ; Foreign Missions, 
$4429; Education, $464; Sabbath-school Work, 
I429; Church Erection, $283; Ministerial Re- 
lief, $1877; Freedmen, $288; Synodical Aid, 



THE PRESENT TENTH CHURCH 283 

$263; Aid for Colleges, $339; General Assem- 
bly Expenses, $91; Bible Society, $r 10; Mis- 
cellaneous, $2641 ; total, $16,972, 

It is thus apparent that the thirty-four mem- 
bers of the old Tenth Church builded better 
than they knew when they established the 
West Spruce Street Church, and it seemed most 
appropriate that when, by reason of depletion 
(through the inevitable changes of her own 
neighborhood) removal became necessary, the 
Tenth Church should seek union with the 
church which had come out from her thirty - 
seven years before, and that mother and child 
should again live and labor together in one 
happy spiritual family. 



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