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Full text of "History of homeopathy and its institutions in America; their founders, benefactors, faculties, officers, Hospitals, alumni, etc., with a record of achievement of its representatives in the world of medicine"

Constaiitine Hering. 



HISTORY 



OF 



HOMOEOPATHY 



AND 



ITS INSTITUTIONS IN AMERICA 

Their Founders, Benefactors, Faculties, Officers, Hospitals, Alumni, Etc., 

witti a Record of Achievement of Its Representatives 

in the World of Medicine 



•flllustratc^ 



Volume II 



EDITED BY 

WILLIAM HARVEY KING, M. D., LL. D. 

De^n of the Faculty Ne<w York Homoeopnthtc Medica.1 College And Hospital 



NEW YORK CHICAGO 

THE LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY 
J 905 






Copyright, 1905 



* ^ LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY 



New York 



Chicago 




This Volume 

is 
DEDICATED 

to 
THE AMERICAN PROVERS 

Who took up the Work "^^here Hahnemann and his Fol- 
loivers left off, thus Materially Tvidening the Therapeutic 
Field, adding to the Knoiuledge of the Medical Profes- 
sion and conferring a Great Blessing on Suffering Hu- 
manity. To enumerate All the American Probers ivould 
be to include Every One of the Early Practitioners in 
Our Ranks, but he l^ho left to us the Greatest Legacy 
ivas 

CONSTANTINE HERING 

THE SAGE OK PHILADELPHIA 



CONTENTS 



CHAPTER I 
History of the Periodical Literature of the Homceopatiiic School. . 13 

CHAPTER H 
Hahnemann Medical College and Hospital of Philadelphia 37 

CHAPTER HI 
The Southern Homceopathic Medical College and Hospital of Bal- 
timore, Maryland 142 

CHAPTER IV 
The Detroit Homceopathic College 173 

CHAPTER V 
College of Ho?*iaiOPATHic Medicine qf the State University of Iowa. 187 

CHAPTER VI 
The New York Opiitiial:mic Hospital and Its School 215 

CHAPTER VII 
Pulte Medical College, Cincinnati, Ohio 221 

CHAPTER VIII 
The Denver Homceopathic College and Hospital Association 237 

CHAPTER IX 
The New York Homo-^opatiiic ]>k[EDiCAL College and Hospital 259 

CHAPTER X 
Southwe-stern HoMaioPATiiic ^Iedical College and Hospital 318 

CHAPTER XI 

Kansas City Homceopathic Medical College — Kansas City Hahne- 
mann [Medical College — Kansas City Homo-zopathic Hospital. .330 

CHAPTER XII 
Hahnemann ]\Iedical College of Chicago 341 

CHAPTER XIII 
Homceopathic ^kfEDiCAL College of AFissouri 380 

CHAPTER XIV 
Chicago Homceopathic AFedic \l College 401 

CHAPTER XV 
Hering AIedical College and Hospitai 417 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



Constantine Hering Frontispiece 

Current Homceopathic Periodicals 15 

A Few Women Contributors 18 

Frank Kraft, M.D 23 

Willis A. Dewey, :SL.I) 25 

Hahnemann Medical College 36 

Matriculation Ticket — Horn. Med. Col. of Penna 40 

Homoeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania 43 

Walter Williamson, M.D 47 

Homoeopathic Hospital of Pennsylvania 50 

The Three Founders 54 

H. X. Guernsey. M.D 62 

Dr. A. R. Thomas Lecturing on Anatom\' 66 

Prof. Piatt in His Laboratory 69 

Prof. Mohr in the Lower Lecture Room j^ 

An Operation by Prof. C. 'SI. Thomas 75 

A Van Lennep Clinic jj 

Prof. Weaver and His Anatomical Masterpiece 86 

Hahnemann Hospital 91 

Faculty and Teaching Corps 1903 94 

The Xew Buildings 97 

Southern Homoeopathic Medical College 

Maryland Homoeopathic Hospital 

Levi Z. Condon 

Elias C. Price. M.D 

Custavus .\. Dobler 

Eldridge C. Price. M.D 

John T. Graham 

Dr. D. Edward janney 

Dr. Henry Chandlee 

Dr. Edward H. Condon 

Dr. Geo. T. .Shower. Dean 

Dr. Clias. L. Rumsev 

Dr. John W. Dphoflf'. 

Dr. \\'m. Dulanv Thomas 

Dr. P.artus Trew 

Dr Lewis R. Palmer 

Detroit Homceopathic College 

Dr. C C. Miller 

Nurses Training .School 

Dr. D. .\. MacLachlaii. Dean '...['.. 



43 
45 
47 
40 
51 
52 
54 
5^> 
57 
50 

f)2 

'»- 
(« 

74 
77 
70 
81 



( iracc Hi-^pital ■ ^ j 



Till 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



Laboratory Hall i88 

Wilmot H. Dickinson, M.D 189 

Charles H. Cogswell. M.D 192 

Homoeopathic Hospital, Iowa City, Iowa 194 

James Grant Gilchrist. M.D. . .'. I95 

George Royal, M.D i97 

Wm. LeClair Bvwater, M.D 200 

Frederick Becker. M.D 202 

Benj. R. Johnston. M.D 205 

Frederick J. Becker, M.D 207 

New York Ophthalmic Hospital 216 

Pnlte Medical College 222 

Joseph H. Pulte. M.D 225 

T. D. Buck, M.D 227 

Charles E. Walton. M.D.. LL.D 228 

Thornton M. Hinkle, LL.B., M.A 230 

Denver Homoeopathic College 238 

Denver Homoeopathic Hospital 242 

Samuel S. Smythe, M.D., First Dean 24s 

Norman G. Burnham. M.D 249 

David A. Strickler. M.D 251 

Edward J. Wilcox 2^3 

James Polk Willard. M.D 256 

New York Hom. Med. Col. and Hosp 261 

Jacob Beakley, A.M.. M.D 265 

Surgical operation — William Tod Helmuth, Sr 268 

George W. Clark, A.M., Ph.D 270 

Roswell P. Flower 274 

Flower Hospital 276 

Henrv M. Smith. M.D 279 

Samuel Lilienthal. M.D 282 

Benedict Ward — Flower Hospital 286 

John W. Dowling, M.D '. 289 

Maternity Ward — Flower Hospital 291 

Anson R. Flower 292 

Egbert Guernsey. M.D.. LL.D 296 

Southwestern Hom. Med. Col. and Hosp 319 

A. Leight Monroe, M.D 321 

C. P. Meredith. M.D 322 

A. A. Clokey, M.D 322 

Geo. S. Coon, M.D '323 

Adam Given. WT) 323 

J. T. Bryan, M.D " ' 324 

G. Oscar Frni, AT.D ^24 

John H. Baldwin. AT.D 325 

fedward Heizer. M.D We 

M. Dills. M.D ".'...'.' '326 

H. C. Kasselman. M.D 32^ 

Jesse E. Mann, M.D ] 327 

Kansas City Hom. Med. Col .' 330 



ILLUSTRATIONS ix 

The Laboratory 33^ 

D. S. Stephens, D.D 333 

Closes T. Runnels, A.M., M.D 334 

W. H. Jenney, M.D 337 

Wm. Davis Foster, M.D 33^ 

Hahnemann Medical College — Second Home 34-2 

David S. Smith, M.D 344 

Hahnemann Medical College Hospital 345 

Hahnemann Medical College 34^ 

Reuben Ludlam. M.D 348 

C. H. Vilas, M.D 349 

Geo. A. Hall. M.D 35° 

H. B. Fellows, M.D 35i 

E. Stillman Bailey, M.D 35^ 

The New Buildings 353 

Edward M. Bruce. M.D 354 

W. H. Wilson, M.D 355 

Scott B. Parsons, M.D 381 

Wm. C. Richardson, M.D 383 

W. B. Morgan, A.M., M.D., Ph.D 386 

James A. Campbell. M.D 3,87 

L. C. McElwee, M.D 390 

Children's Free Hospital 392 

Chicago Homoeopathic Medical College , 400 

Joseph Sidnev Mitchell, A.M.. ]\I.D 402 

John R. Kippax, LL.B.. M.D 403 

"Richard N. Foster, A.M., M.D 40S 

Edwin H. Pratt, M.D., LL.D 406 

First College Building, 33rd Place and Cottage Grove Ave 418 

Hering Medical College. Rhodes Ave 419 

Hering Medical College 420 

Cook County Hospital 422 

Chicago Homoeopathic Hospital — Adjoining College Building 424 

Eranccs Willard 1 Tospital, Chicago 426 



INDEX 



Allentown Academy, 38. 

the founders, 40. 

organization. 40. 

incorporation, 40. 

course of instruction, 41. 

students, 41. 

diploma, 41. 

efforts to sustain it, 41. 

graduates, 41. 

downfall, 42. 
Alpha Sigma Society. 184. 
Alumni Asso. of N. Y. Horn. Med. Col. 

.300. 
Alumni, Hahn. Med. Col. of Phila., 95 
Arrowsmith, William L., 65. 
Ashton, Adolphus H., 62. 

Bailey, E. Stillman, 352. 
Bartlett, Clarence, 90. 
Beakley, Jacob, 59, 268. 
Becker, Frederick, 203. 
Becker, Frederick J., 204. 
Beebe, G. D., 343. 
Berridge, E. W., 419. 
Betts, Benj. F., 85. 
Bigler, William H., 88. 
Brooks, Silas S., 61. 
Brown, Geo. E.. 247. 
Bruce, E. M., 354- 
Bryant, William Cullcn, 275. 
Buffum. J. H., 404. 
Bywater. William L., 206. 

Caspari, Kduard, 311^. 

Chicago llunut't)pathic Hospital, 404. 

Chicago Homd-. Med. Col., 401. 

organization, 401. 

first officers, 401. 

first home, 401. 

first session. 401. 

hospital added, 401. 

disioiir.ininuiit-', 402. 



.hospital advantages, 403. 
new college building, 403. 
new college hospital, 404. 
consolidation, 406. 

alumni list, 407. 
Children's Free Hospital, 391. 
Chironian, 299. 
Chislett, Howard R., 356. 
Clarke, Geo. W., 290. 
Clayton, William, 237. 
Clement, James A., 155. 
Clinical Reporter, 390. 
Clokey, Allison, 320. 
Cobb, Joseph P., 354. 
Cogswell, Charles H., 199. 
College of Homoe. Med., State Univ. of 
Iowa, 187. 

the foundation, 187. 

legislative action, 188. 

action of the regents, 188. 

allopathic opposition, 1S8. 

the act passed, 189. 

professors elected, 190. 

chair of surgery established, 190. 

providing clinical facilities, 190. 

the first diploma, 190. 

hospital association, 191. 

its otBcers, 191. 

hospital aid society. 191. 

legislative committee. 192. 

new college building, 193. 

description, 194. 

requirements, 207. 

the curriculum, 207. 

the diploma, 20S. 

pre-matriculate rf«|uirements, joc). 

present conditions, 210. 

alutuni list, Jl 1. 
Comsi<K'k, riios. Gris\\t)|d. >*>0. 
Cowpertljwaite. Allen C, H/x 
(^ixe. .lolm R. Ir . 01 



2 



INDEX 



Dake, Jabez P., 60. 

Delaniater, N. B., 403. 

Denver Acad, of Horn. Phys. and Surgs., 

238. 
Denver Homoe. Club, 239. 
Denver Homoe. College. 237. 

early homoeopathy in Colorado, 237. 
Denver Acad, of Hom. Phys. and Surgs., 

238. 
Denver Homoe. Club, 239. 

preliminary events, 240. 

dean's address. 240. 

college founded, 241. 

first faculty, 243. 

first annual session, 244. 

faculty changes, 244. 

first commencement, 244. 

first registrar, 245. 

x-ray laboratory, 246. 

four years' course, 246. 

college hospital, 246. 

faculty for third year, 247. 

by-laws amended, 247. 

character of school, 248. 

the present dean, 249. 

alumni asso. formed, 250. 

faculty banquet, 251. 

Ustion Frat., 252. 

present condition of the college, 253. 

the faculty, 255. 

the hospital, 256. 

progress, 257. 

alumni list, 258. 
Denver Journal of Homoeopathy, 240. 
Detroit Homoeopathic College, 173. 

beginning of its history, 173. 

action of the regents, 174. 

faculty organized, 174. 

the charter, 175. 

opening session, 175. 

faculty increased, 175. 

first commencement, 175. 

the class, 175 

class of '75, 176. 

need of a clinical hospital, 176. 

the college closed, 176. 

Grace hospital, 177. 

college affiliated with Grace hospital, 
178. 



the faculty, 178. 

four years' course adopted, 178. • 

college reorganization, 178. 

new college building, 179. 

history of Grace hospital, 180. 

its benefactors, 180. 

endowments, 182. 

medical staff, 182. 

college officers, 183. 

college faculty, 183. 

college societies, 183. 

alumni list, 185. 
Dickinson, Wilmot H., 196. 
Dudley, Pemberton, 84. 

Farringtbn, Ernest A., 85. 
Fellows, H. B., 352. 
Flanders, A. H., 61. 
Flower Hospital, 290. 
Foote, George F., 64. 
Franklin, E. C, 387. 
Freedley, Samuel, 57. 
Frost, James H. P., 64. 

Gardiner, William A., 59. 
Gaunnt, Charles S., 88. 
Gause, Owen B., 63. 
Geiger, Rev. Jacob, 142. 
Gilchrist, James G., 198. 
Given, Adam, 320. 
Goodno, William C, Sy. 
Grace Hospital, 180. 
Graham, John T., 143. 
Gramm, Theodore J., 89. 
Green, W. E., 229. 
Grosvenor, L. C, 404. 
Guernsey, Henry N., 63. 

Haeseler, Charles H., 85. 
Hahnemann Acad, of Med., 260. 
Hahnemann Alumni x^ssn., 95. 
Hahnemann Hospital, 90. 
Hahnemann Institute, 93. 
Hahnemann Med. Assn. of Iowa, 187. 
Hahnemann Medical College of Chicago, 

341- 
its incorporation, 341. 
first faculty, 341. 
first college home, 343. 
first commencement, 343. 



INDEX 



dispensar}' added, 343. 
changes in faculty, 344. 
second college home, 347. 
lecture schedule, 347. 
Scammon donation, 348. 
third college home, 349. 
hospital acquired, 349. 
faculty reorganized, 349. 
its policy, 351. 
its present home, 354. 
its objects, 356. 
alumni list, 356. 
Hahnemann .\Ied. Col. and Hosp. of Phila., 

Hahnemann Medical College of Phila., 65. 

Hering the founder, 65. 
■ secures a charter, 67. 

the eclectic charter, 67. 

change of name, 67. 

Washington Med. Col., 67. 

first trustees, 68. 

professorial trustees, 68. 

curators, 68. 

character of the institution, 68. 

opening session, 68. 

its purpose, 69. 

first session, 69. 

the faculty, 70. 

first commencement, 70. 

act of consolidation, 70. 

merger of rival colleges, 70. 

co-education agitation. 71. 

three years' course, 71. 

Hering withdraws, 72. 

first prizes offered, 7J. 

the awar<ls, yi. 

dissensions arise, 74. 

separation of the facuily and cor- 
l)oration trustees, 74. 

<)r<itr (if llu- court, 74. 

new riR'<lical scliool and clinical hos- 
pital, 74. 

the new college building, 76. 

the (Ifilicalion, 76. 

biiard <il Irustt'es, 76. 

four years' course, 78. 

faculty changes, 78. 

(he semi-centennial, 7<). 

resume, So. 



character of the college reviewed, 80. 

roster of the faculty, 81. 

faculty recollections, 82. 
Hahnemann Societj' of X. Y. Hom. Med. 

Col., 299. 
Hahnemannian Society, 183. 
Haines, Oliver S., 89. 
Hall, Geo. A., 351. 
Hall, P. Sharpless, 90. 
Hamer, James H., 88. 
Haynel, Adolph F., 143. 
Heermans, Charles, 63. 
Helmuth. William S., 58. 
Helmuth. William Tod, 61, 298. 
Hempel, Charles J., 61. 
Hering, Constantine, 82. 
Hering Medical College and Hospital, 417. 

decadence of homceopathy bemoaned^ 

417- 

resolutions, 423. 

formation of Hahnemannian Associa- 
tion, 423. 

origin of college. 425. 

organization. 425. 

its chief object, 427. 

first college home. 427. 

first faculty, 428. 

first board of trustees. 428. 

faculty enlarged, 429. 

first session. 429. 

its principles. 431. 

faculty changes, 430. 

second college home, 431. 

consolidation, 431. 

first faculty after consolidation. 431. 

purchase «^)f new college building. 433. 

hospital advantages. 433. 

alunuii list. 433. 
llitchens, Peter S.. (13. 
llolcombe. \\'m. II., 224. 
I lonneopathic .Medical College 01 Missouri, 
380. 

incorporation, 38tr 

first trustees, 3S0. 

first faculty, 380. 

faculty ofticers. }}k^. 

faculty changes, 380. 

new charter, 381. 

new orgain/ation, 3S1, 



INDEX 



interests merged. 3S2. 

board of health regulations, 382. 

faculty 1882-83. 382. 

honor roll. 383. 

list of deans, 384. 

management changed. 384. 

the dispensary, 384. 

list of registrars, 384. 

the outlook, 385. 

reminiscences, 385. 

college journal. 390. 

alumni list. 393. 
Homoeopathic IMed. Col. of Penna., 42. 

incorporation, 43. 

location, 44. 

first announcement. 45. 

the faculty. 45. 

first session, 45. 

first class, 45. 

first commencement. 45. 

diploma, 46. 

removal of the college, 46. 

Filbert St. quarters, 46. 

complications, 48. 

the new charter, 48. 

Raue dismissed, 50. 

Hering retires, 50. 

a new college. 50. 

rival schools, 50. 

stock transferred, 51. 

Lippe resigns, 51. 

faculty roster. 51. 

faculty reminiscences, 53. 
" Homoeopathic News," 390. 
Homoeopathic Society of Baltimore City, 

144. 
Homoeopathic Society of Iowa, 187. 
Hooper, James L., 155. 
Howard, Erving M., 89. 
Humphreys, Frederick. 59. 
International Hahnemannian Association, 

417. 
Jeanes, Jacob. 55. 
Johnston, Benj. R., 204. 
Journalism of Homoeopathy, 13. 

Alpha Sigma Quarterly, 30. 

Alumni News Letter, 29. 
American Climates and Resorts. 17. 
American Health and Life, 17. 
American Ilonneopath. 22. 



American Homoeopathic Journal of 

Obstetrics, 21. 
American Homoeopathic Observer, 20. 
American Homoeopathic Record, 20. 
American Homoeopathic Review, 19. 
American Homoeopathist. 19, 22. 
American Journal of Homoeopathic 

Materia Medica, 20. 
American Journal of Homoeopathy, 

13. 16. 
American Journal of Materia JNIedica, 

19- 

American ^^lagazine Dev. to Homoe'y 
and Hydrop.. :}2. 

American Magazine of Homoeopathy, 33. 

American ^ledical INIonthly, 24. 

American Physician, 22. 

Ann Arbor Alumnus, 29. 

Ann Arbor Medical Advance, 21. 

Baltimore Family Health Journal, 17. 

Brooklyn Homoeopathic Hospital Bul- 
letin. 30. 

Bulletin of [Medical Instruction, 29. 

California Homoeopath, 21. 

California jNIedical Times. 21. 

Carnival Record. 32. 

Chicago Homoeopath, 19, 29. 

Chicago Homeopathic Med. Col. Bul- 
letin,- 29. 

Chicago Medical Review, 22. 

Cincinnati ]\Iedical Advance. 21. 

Cleveland Homoeopathic Reporter, 30. 

Cleveland Medical and Surgical Re- 
porter, 30. 

Clinical Record, 24. 

Clinical Reporter, 28. 

Clinical Review, 24. 

College Argus, 29. 

College Journal, 28. 

Corre.spondenzblatt der Homo. Arzte, 

14- 
Dayton Herald of Health, 17. 
Denver Homeopathic Hospital Envoy, 

30. 
Denver Journal of Homoeopathy. 26. 
Der Amerikanische Hausartz, 34. 
Der Deutsche Amerikanische Homoe- 

opatische Zeitschrift. 34. 
Der Homoeopathiquc und Diotctisclier 

Hausfreund. t,^. 



INDEX 



Der Homoeopatische Bote. 33. 

Der Homoeopatischer Hausfreund, 33- 

Der Homoeopatische Zeitschrift, 33. 

Electro-Clinical Record, 33. 

Faith's Record, 30. 

Family Journal of Homoeopathy, 17. 

Family Medical Investigator, 17. 

Fitchburg Homoeopathic Hospital 

News, 30. 
Gentry's Record of Homoeopathic Ma- 
teria Medica, 33. 
Hahnemann Monthly, 33. 
Hahnemann Periscope, 29. 
Hahnemannian Advocate, 21, 30. 
Hahnemannian Institute, 28. 
Hahnemannian Monthly, 20. 
Hahnemannian Pulse, 29. 
Health and Life, 17. 
Health Record, 17. 

Herald of Health and Homoeopathy, 17. 
H. H. H. Record, 32. 
Homoeopathic Advocate and Guide to 

Heahh, 17. 
Plomoeopathic Advocate and Health 

Journal, 17. 
Homoeopathic Courier. 23. 
Homoeopathic Envoy, 17. 
Homoeopathic Examiner, 14. 
Homoeopathic Expositor. 17. 
Ploma'opathic Eye and Ear Journal, 27. 
l-lomeeopathic Guide, 17. 
Hom(EO])alhic Hospital Reporter, 30. 
Homa'oi)atliic Independent. 22. 
Ii()niii(ii)atliic Journal o{ Mat. Med., 

Clieni. and I'o.xiool., 31. 
Homceopaliiic Journal of Obstetrics and 

Diseases of Women, 27. 
Honid'opathic Journal of Obstetrics, 

Gyn;ecology and P.edology, 27. 
HonKcopathic Journal of Surgery, 26. 
Ilom(eoi)alhic Journal of Surgery ;ind 

Gynaecology, 27. 
Homoeopathic Leader. 23. 

lomiroiinthic Medical News Letter, 17. 

|i piiiit( 'iKiiiiic News, 31. 

loniieopatiiic I'bysician, 23. 

iomifop.ilhic I'ionier. 14. 

lomdMipaliiic (Juarteriy, Ji. 

loiuu'opalhir Keoord, 17. 

ioiiuropalhif Ivi-oordiT. 31. 



Homoeopathic Semi-Monthly Magazine, 
22. 

Homoeopathic Student, 29. 

Homoeopathic Sun, 17. 

Homoeopathic Times, 21. 

Hospital and Dispensary periodicals, 30. 

Hospital Bazaar, 32. 

Hospital Leaflet, 30. 

Hospital ^lessenger, 30. 

Hospital News, 32. 

Hospital Tidings, 30. 

Hospital Visitant, 30. 

Humphrey's Journal of Specific Homoe- 
opathy, 17. 

Jottings, 31. 

Journal of Electro-Therapeutics, 27. 

Journal of Homoeopathic Clinics, 20. 

Journal of Homoeopathies, 24. 

Journal of Ophthalmology, Otology* and 
Laryngology', 27. 

Journal of Orificial Surgery, 27. 

Journal of Paediatrics, 27. 

Journal of Surgery. Gynrecology- and 
Obstetrics, 27. 

Keynote of Homoeopathy. 26. 

Le Practicien Homoeopathique. 33. 

L' Homoion, 33. 

Madison Homoeopathist. 17. 

Materia Medica Journal, 33. 

Medical Advance. 21. 

Medical and Scientific News. 33. 

Medical and Surgical Record. 24. 

Medical Arena. 2b. 

Medical Argus. 23. 

Medical Call. 23. 

Medica! Centurj*. 24. 25. 

Medical Counselor, 22. 

Medical Counselor and Michigan Jour- 
nal of Homivopathy, 22. 

Medical Current. 24. 

Medico-Chirurgical Quarterly, 27. 

Medical l)el»ates, 33. 

Medical Era, 22, 24. 
Meilical l'\>runi, 2Ct. 
Medical Herald. 23. 

Metlical Institute, 2S 

Medical Institute ot the ll.ilui Med 

Col. of IMiila , .'S 
Metlieal iMveNiij^ator. to, 22. 
Mfdical M.ina/ine, 27. 



TXDEX 



Medical Mission Herald, 17. 

Medical News, 33. 

Medical News and Bulletin, 33. 

Medical Standard, 26. 

Medical Student, 29. 

Medical Topics, 25. 

Medical Union, 21. 

Medical Visitor, 31. 

Michigan Journa] of Homoeopathy, 14, 
28. 

Milwaukee Homoeopatliic Medical Re- 
porter, 14. 

Minneapolis Homoeopathic 2\Iagazine, 

25- 

Minnesota Homoeopath, 25. 

Minnesota Medical Monthly, 25. 

^Miscellanies on Homoeopathy, 14. 

Monthly Record, 30. 

^Munson's Homoeopathic Bulletin, 31. 

National Medical Exchange Monthly 
Bulletin, 33. 

National Medical News, 33. 

New England Medical Gazette, 20. 

New Remedies, 24. 

Newsletter, 31. 

New York Amusement Gazette, 32. 

New York Journal of Homoeopathy, 16, 
21. 

New York Medical Times, 21. 

North American Homoeopathic Journal, 
16. 

North American Journal of Homoe- 
opathy, 16. 

Northern Ohio Med. and Sci. Exa- 
miner, 16. 

Northwestern Annalist, 28. 

North Western Jour, of Homoeopathia, 

14- 

North Western Journal of Homoeopa- 
thy, 24. 

North Western Sanitarian, 17. 

Ohio Medical and Surgical Reporter, 
19, 30. 

Ohio Medical Examiner, 16. 

Pacific Coast Journal of Homoeopathy, 
21. 

Pellet, 32. 

People's Health Journal, 17. 

Periodical Literature, 13. 

Phi Alpha Gamma Quarterly, 30. 



Phials. 29. 

Philadelphia Journal of Homoeopathy, 
19- 

Physician's and Surgeon's Investigat- 
or, 22. 

Popular Homoeopathic Journal, 17. 

Popular ]\Iedical Examiner, 17. 

Post-Graduate Bulletin, 29. 

Publisher's Record, 31. 

Progress, 27. 

Pulte Quarter]}', 29. 

Quarterly Bulletin, 28. 

Quarterly Bulletin of Homceopathic 
Literature, 31. 

Quarterly Homoeopathic Magazine, 33. 

Record, 28. 

Regular Physician, 33. 

St. Louis Clinical Review, 22. 

St. Louis Journal of Homoeopathy and 
Clinical Reporter, 28. 

St. Louis Periscope and Clinical Re- 
view, 22. 

St. Louis Periscope of HonvTopathic 
Medicine and Surgery. 22. 

Sanitary Gleanings, 17. 

Semi-^Ionthly Bulletin of the Western 
Exchange Bureau, 3;^. 

Similibus, 32. 

Southern Journal of Health, 17. 

Southern Homoeopathic Pellet, 23. 

Southern Journal of Homoeopathy, 24. 

South Western Homoe. Journal and 
Review, 14. 

Student News Letter and Hospital Ti- 
dings, 30, 

Sugar Pills, 32. 

Surgical Record, 24. 

Syracuse Clinic, 30. 

Syracuse Homoeopathic Hospital Re- 
cord, 30. 

Texas Homoeopathic Pellet, 23. 

The Argonaut, 29. 

The Argus, 29. 

The Big Four, 33. 

The Bulletin, 29. 

The Charity Box, 32. 

The Chironian, 28. 

The Century, 26. 

The Clinic, 28. 

The Cliniquc, 24. 28. 



IXDEX 



The Compass, 30. 

The Cresset, 29. 

The Critique. 26. 

The Curopathist, 17. 

The Doctor, 32. 

The Donation, 32. 

The Echo, 32. 

The Globule, 32. 

The Homreopath, 19. 

The Ilomcjeopathist. 16. 17. 30, 33. 

The Indicator, 29. 

The Institute, 28. 

The International Brief. 33. 

The Investigator, 17. 

The Keystone, 30. 

The Mistletoe, 32. 

The Occidental, 17. 

The Periscope, 30. 

The \Va\'side, 17. 

United Stales Journal of Homoeopathy. 

16. 
United States Medical and Surgical 

Journal. 19. 
United States Medical Investigator. 19. 
University 1 f onicjeopathic Observer. 29. 
Western Honueopathic Journal of 

Homccopathy. 22. 
Western Homoeopathic Observer. 22. 
Wisconsin Medical Record. 24. 

Kahlke, Charles E., 356. 
Kansas City Hahnemann Medical College, 
.336. 

its incorporation, 336. 

first session, 336. 

faculty 1904-05. 336. 

alumni list, 338. 
Kansas City Homoeopathic Hospital, 339. 

first officers, 340. 

first home, 340. 

management changed, 340. 
Kansas Cily 1 l<)m(e(>|)atliic Medical College, 
330. 

the charter, 330. 

first session, 331. 

re(|Miremenls of candidates, 331. 

first graduation, 331. 

faculty enlarged, 331. 

new college home, 333. 

the curriculiun, 333. 



the faculty, 334. 

dissolution of college. 335. 

alumni list, 335. 
Kippax, J. R., 404. 
Kneass, Nicholas \\ .. 145. 
Koch, Richard, 84. 
Korndoerfer, Augustus. 87. 

Ladies' Aid Society, 184. 
Lee. John K., 62. 
Lilienthal. Samuel. 281. 
Lippe. Adolph G. zur, 64. 
Loomis, Joseph G., 59. 
Ludlam, Reuben, 350. 

McClatchey. Robert J., 87. 

McClelland. James H., 85. 

McManus, Felix R.. 142. 

Macfarlan, Malcolm. 84. 

Martin, Henry N., 83. 

Maryland Homoeopathic Free Disp., 147. 

Maryland Homoeopathic Hosp. F"und Assn.. 

144- 
Maryland Homoeopathic State Society. 144. 
Maryland Institute of Homcxopathy. 144. 
Matthews, Caleb B.. 56. 
Medical Investigation Club. 144. 
Mercer. Edward W.. 89. 
Mitchell. J. Nicholas, 88. 
Mitchell, J. S., 404. 
Mohr, Charles, 87. 
M(X)re, Thomas, 6r. 
Morgan, Alonzo R., 65. 
Morgan, John C, 83. 

-W-idhard, Charles. 58. 

Newberry, I*"rank J., jog. 

New York Honi. Med. Col. and Hosp., 259. 

early efforts to found a hoimvopathic 
.school, 259. 

Hahnemann .Xcademy of .Medicine, 2(10 

second attempt to found a college, J(>2 

formal action, 2t)J. 

conunitlee's report to state medical m>- 
ciety, 2<>4. 

legislature grants cliarii r -or. 

incorporating act. 2<»7 

first Ctillegc htMue, j<>S. 

the first dean. JfKS, 

first facultv, .'{jS. 



INDEX 



first session graduates, 269. 

fourth annual announcement, 269. 

faculty increased, 271. 

association with N. Y. Ophtli. Hosp., 

272. 

removal to N. Y. Oplith. Hosp., 272. 

name of college changed. 273. 

faculty for ninth session, 273. 

changes in faculty and methods, 275. 

resolutions offered relative to violating 
charter, 277. 

faculty for eleventh session, 278. 

three j'ears' course adopted, 278. 

thirteenth session opened in new col- 
lege home, 279. 

Keep endowment, 279. 

increase of students, 280. 

faculty prizes, 280. 

prizes offered in sixteenth session, 280. 

Lilienthal's valedictory address. 281. 

acquisition of Charity Hospital, 282. 

awarding prizes, 283. 

faculty changes, 284. 

financial prosperity, 284. 

classification of the faculty, 285. 

standard of requirement, 285. 

chair of laryngology and rhinology es- 
tablished, 287. 

Lilienthal's retirement, 287. 

chair of hygiene established, 287. 

lack of hospital facilities deplored. 287. 

legislative act, 288. 

change of corporate name. 288. 

site for new buildings, 289. 

dedication of college building and 
Flower Hospital, 290. 

contributions for building and furnish- 
ing fund, 290. 

first class assembled in new college 
home, 290. 

post-graduate school, 292. 

teaching force reorganized, 293. 

new general faculty, 293. 

new medical hospital on college grounds, 
294. 

compulsory four years' course, 295. 

faculty changes, 296. 

more thorough medical education, 297. 

faculty 1904- 1905, 298. 

Chironian, 299. 



alumni association, 300. 

college library, 300. 

Y. M. C. A. of the N. Y. Horn. Med. 
Col., 300. 

board of trustees, 300. 

deans of the faculty, 300. 

officers of board of trustees, 301. 

list of trustees, 301. 

alumni list, 302. 
New York Ophthalmic llosi)iial. 215. 

established as allopathic institution, 215. 

becomes homneopathic, 215. 

legislative action, 215. 

first location, 216. 

present site, 216. 

Keep memorial, 216. 

retrospect, 217. 

committee of instruction, 217. 

first homceopathic faculty, 217. 

teaching corps, 218. 

alumni list, 218. 
North American Acad, of the iiouKe. Heal- 
ing Art, 37. 
Northrop, Herbert L., 89. 

Oatley, Eugene L., 88. 

Pannebaker, William ]\I., 155. 
Percival, George G., 65. 
Piatt, Charles, 89. 
Price, Elias C, 166. 
Pulte, Joseph H., 221. 
Pulte Medical College. 221. 

first trustees. 223. 

first faculty, 223. 

first college home. 223. 

plan of instruction, 223. 

deans of the college, 223. 

list of teachers, 224. 

college becomes co-educalional, 224. 

financial difficulties, 225. 

character of alumni, 225. 

Whetstone gold medal, 225. 

special degree, 225. 

high character of school, 226. 

first commencement, 226. 

college societies, 226. 

prizes withdrawn, 226. 

college building remodeled, 226. 

hospital added, 226. 



INDEX 



9 



Hooper bequest, 226. 
amalgamation proposed. 227. 
review, 228. 

clinical advantages, 229. 
present officers and faculty. 229. 
alumni list, 231. 

Raue, Charles G.. 82. 
Reed, William A., 60. 
Richardson, Wm.^ C, 383. 
Royal, George, 201. 

Schwartz, Dr., 142. 
Semple, Matthew, 57. 
Shears, George F., 355. 
Sims. Francis, 57. 
Small, Alvan E., 57, 347. 
Smith, C. Carleton, 85. 
Smith, D. S., 345. 
Smythe, S. S., 240. 
Snader, Edward R., 90. 

Southern Homoeopathic Med. Col, and 
Hosp. of Baltimore. 142. 

preliminary organizations. 143. 

incorporation, 147. 

incorporators, 148. 

the first faculty, 148. 

constitution adopted, 149 

college building secured. 130. 

adjunct faculty, 151. 

first session, 151. 

first commencement, 152. 

the first class, 152. 

the dispensary conveyed to the college, 

153- 
ladies' auxiliary, 154. 
hospital management changes, ifio. 
fa,culty reorganization. lU). 
board of regents, 163. 
new college building. i(>^. 
death of Dr. Price. \(>(y 
Prof. 'Ircw's death, i<)8. 
the present faculty, 170 
honorary alumni, 171. 
general alunnii. 171 



Southwestern Homoeopathic Medical Col- 
lege and Hospital, 318. 

early practitioners in Louisville, 318. 

charter obtained, 320. 

first college home, 320. 

first registrar, 320. 

treasurer, 320. 
. first faculty, 320. 

clinical facilities, 321. 

purchase of new college building, 322. 

present directors, 322. 

present faculty, 322. 

Ladies' Homce. League, 325. 

faculty comprises horn. staflF of deacon- 
ess' home, 326. 

reminiscences, 327. 

alumni list, 328. 
St. Louis Children's Hospital, 391. 
Shower, John A., 155. 
Starkey, George R., 62. 
Stephens, Lemuel, 63, 84. 
Storke, Eugene F., 245. 
Strickler, David A., 247. 
Sturm, William, 221. 

Temple, John T.. 385. 
Thomas, Amos Russell, 84. 
Thomas, Charles ^L, 87. 
Triem, Peter E., 203. 
True, Bartus, 168. 

\ anderburgh, Federal, 266. 
\ an Lennep, William B., 89. 
X'astine, Charles, 385. 
Verdi, T. S., 224. 
\'ertebra Sexta Chap., 184. 
\ilas, C. H., 35J. 

Walker. G, S.. 388. 
Ward, Isaac M., 60. 
Weaver, Rufus B., go. 
\\ illiamson. Waller, 55 
Wilson. Puscy. O4. 
Wilson, W. Henry. 355. 



HistoH' of H()m(n)jjath\' 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 



ITS INSTITUTIONS IN AMERICA 



CHAPTER I 

HISTORY OF THE PERIODICAL LITERATURE OF THE HOMOEOPATHIC SCHOOL. 

By W. A. Dewey, M. D., Ann Arbor, Michigan. 
Editor of the Medical Century. 

A profound study of the subject has convinced the writer that there is 
no more difficult task in historical research than that of compiling a history 
of the periodical literature of any branch of knowledge. 

We have found this especially true in the history of homoeopathic jour- 
nalism. There is scarcely a periodical in our school, and we believe this con- 
dition exists everywhere, which, at some time of its existence, no matter how 
brief, has not changed either its name, its editorial staff, its policies, its vol- 
ume number or its publication office. To properly chronicle all these vicissi- 
tudes would take far more space than is allotted to this subject in this general 
history of homoeopathy. 

We have striven, in what follows, to be as exact as the data within our 
reach permits, and we crave the indulgence of our brother journalists for 
any shortcomings or inaccurate statements that may possibly mar this part 
of the work, assuring them that, if any such appear, it is the fault of the 
head, not the heart. 

In considering the history of the periodical literature of the honicTeopathic 
school in America we shall follow as far as practicable the chronological 
order. The ever-changing features of some of our periodicals, their death 
and resurrection, iheir merging into others of a different name will, in a 
measure, prevent this order. Following the consideration of what may be 
termed the general jjeriodical literature, we shall consider the special pub- 
lications devoted to particular branches of homcropathic medicine, to the 
colleges, to the hospitals, concluding with a list of tin.- current periodicals 
of the school. 

The first periodical divoted to luimteopathy published in the I'nited 
States appeared in 1H35. and bun.- the title of Tlir .Inwriiiiii Joun\<}l of 
Hovicro foothill it was editc-d b\ Dr. John l*". Crixy and Dr. .\. C. Hull. It 
was publishiil in NCw ^'<)rk city, and the first number bears the date Feh- 
I'Uarv. 18,^5. I '.Ml I'dU! inunbers were issued, the last bearing the date of 
August. iS.^5. It was intiiided for the profession and intellij^ent laymen. 
an(i contaiiui] .irticK-^ on the charaetrristies an«l histor\ of honueopathv. It 



14 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

contains many references to the early bibliography of the school, and number 
two mentions the proposed issuance qf a German homoeopathic journal. It 
gives the first intelligence of the starting of the "North American Academy 
of Homoeopathia" at Allentown, and of the formation of the New York 
Homoeopathic Society. 

In October of the same year appeared a German periodical edited by 
Dr. Constantine Hering of Philadelphia, called the Corrcspondenzhlatt der 
Hoiiioopathischen Arztc, the last number of which — and but fourteen were 
issued — contained a supplement called the Archivzettel, in Avhich were short 
notes about various remedies, some of the reports of cases being published 
in England. It ceased to appear in 1837. Probably the only copy in exist- 
ence is in the library of the Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia. 

An association of American physicians in 1838-39 issued six numbers 
of a periodical called The American Journal of Homceopathy, and a volume 
entitled Miscellanies on Homoeopathy was issued about the same time. This 
was said to be one of the best books to put into the hands of physician or 
layman desirous of knowing something of homoeopathy. 

Perhaps the most important of the earlier periodicals of the school was 
the Homoeopathic Examiner, which was issued monthly, edited by Dr. A. G. 
Hull, the first number appearing in January, 1840. It suspended publication 
in December, 1843, after three volumes had been issued. It reappeared in 
August, 1845, under the editorship of Dr. John F. Gray and Dr. C. J. 
Hempel. Two volumes of the new series appeared, publishing as appendices 
Rueckert's Therapeutics and Boenninghausen's Intermittent Fever. It was 
a most valuable periodical, containing many useful articles, and the library 
that possesses the complete set is a fortunate one. In volume three may be 
found a popular lecture on homoeopathy by William Cullen Bryant, who was 
then president of the New York Homoeopathic Society. It chronicles the 
visit of the editor, Dr. A. G. Hull, to Hahnemann in Paris, also the death of 
Hahnemann. 

From 1845 to 185 1 a number of periodicals appeared to have but a short 
-life. The Homeopathic Pioneer was published in Syracuse, New York, with 
Drs. H. Hull Gator and L. M. Tracy as editors. Twelve numbers only were 
issued from July, 1845, to June, 1846. It was designed for a dissemination 
of popular views of homoeopathic science. The South IVcsterti Homoeopathic 
Journal and Revietv was the first periodical to appear in the west. It was 
edited by Dr. J. J. Temple, printed in St. Louis, Mo., and three volumes 
were issued. It began in August, 1847. 

In 1848 The North Western Journal of Homa:opathia, with Dr. George 
E. Shipman, editor, appeared, with Chicago as the publication office. Four 
volumes were published. No journal did more to disseminate homoeopathy 
among western physicians than this one. It must ever be regarded as one of 
the notable journals of the school. A single volume purporting to be a con- 
tinuance of this journal appeared under the same name in 1858. 

Wisconsin's first periodical was the Mihvanhcc Homceopathic Medical 
Reporter, edited by Dr. L. M. Tracy and J. Douglas. It was continued but 
a short time in 1848. It was criticised as being a medium for advertising 
the editors. 

The first homoeopathic periodical appearing in the state of Michigan 
was called The Michigan Journal of Homoeopathy. It started in November, 




(. in rnii I limi<fn|i,iiliu- I'trmdicaU 



16 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

1848, with Drs. John Elhs and S. B. Thayer, editors. Pubhcation office, 
Detroit. Not quite two volumes were issued. 

In Ohio the first periodical of our school appeared February 8. 1848, 
in Cleveland, and was called the Northern Ohio Medical and Scientific Ex- 
aminer. Drs. A. W. Oliver and John Oilman were editors and publishers. 
After four issues its title was changed to The Ohio Medical Examiner, and 
the publication office was changed to Columbus. It was the first journal 
of our school whose title did not bear the distinguishing name homoeopathic 
or homoeopathy. 

The American Journal of Homceopathy, edited by Drs. S. R. Kirby and 
R. A. Snow, which was issued at first under the name of the New York 
Journal of Homoeopathy, but was reprinted under the new title, was one 
of the notable journals in our early history. It began in 1846 and was dis- 
continued in 1854. Eight volumes and four numbers of volume nine were 
issued. Its articles were crisp and fearless and breathed a loyal spirit toward 
homoeopathy. It was first a bi-monthly, but finally became a monthly. 

In 1850, Dr. Dio Lewis, the prominent hygienic reformer, started the 
first homoeopathic periodical for the laity, under the title of The Homocop- 
athist. It ran two years. 

In Boston the first homoeopathic magazine was a quarterly called the 
Quarterly Homoeopathic Jonrnal, and was edited by Drs. Joseph Birnstill 
and B. de Gersdorff, and was published by Otis Clapp. It rah through two 
series consisting of four volumes. The first number was published January, 

1849. It recognized the existence of two parties in homoeopathic ranks, 
those who accepted Hahnemann's theories of psora and the small dose, and 
those who did not. 

The North American Homoeopathic Journal was first issued in New 
York in February, 1851, with Drs. Constantine Hering, E. E. Marcy and 
J, W. Metcalf as editors. It -was a quartei-ly periodical and ran for three 
years, when it was discontinued, to be revived two years later under the 
title of the North American Journal of Homoeopathy, and under the editor- 
ship of Drs. E. E. Marcy, J. C. Peters. W. H. Holcombe and H. C. Preston. 
For fifty-four years this, the oldest of our periodicals, has fought the battles 
of homoeopathy and recorded its history, and to-day its appearance is more 
vigorous than ever. The United States Journal of Homoeopathy, a quarterly 
periodical which had an existence of two years and eight months under the 
editorship of Dr. E. E. Marcy. was merged into this journal in 1863. In its 
long life many editors have come and gone, but the name that shines out 
brightest of all, is that of Dr. Samuel Lilienthal of New York. He assumed 
the editorship with volume nineteen in 1871 and continued at the helm until 
1885, when it was changed from a quarterly to a monthly, with Dr. G. M. 
Dillow as editor. He remained editor until 1892, when he was succeeded 
by Dr. Eugene H. Porter, the present incumbent. 

The earlier volumes of the periodical contained many valuable studies 
on the materia medica, publishing frequently as appendices complete patho- 
geneses of drugs. 

To enumerate the various physicians of our school who have held sub- 
ordinate places on its editorial staff would be to name a majority of the 
homoeopathic physicians of prominence in the United States. During the 
last fifteen years just previous to 1886, while it was yet a quarterly, imder 
the tireless and enthusiastic management of Dr. I.iiientjial. it was the great, 



HISTORY OF HOMGBOPATHY IT 

dignified and influential periodical of the homoeopathic school. In his vale- 
dictory editorial, he called attention to the fact that the pages of the journal, 
owing to the few laborers, had to be filled with his own mental work and 
says : " Away with that lethargy which tolls the death knell to your jour- 
nals." It was indeed and truly a " pathetic lay of an old worker." 

The change from a quarterly to a monthly and the infusion of new 
business principles was largely forced by the growth of homoeopathy and 
the appearance of other periodicals all over the country. There had been 
created a demand for a new order of homoeopathic journalism. A more 
energetic form was demanded. On its change to a monthly and under the 
able business management of Dr. G. C. Sheldon, Dr. A. B. Norton, Dr. 
Irving Townsend and Dr. George W. Roberts, a new epoch in the popu- 
larity of the periodical was opened which has continued to the present time, 
and while the journal still retains its old dignity and conservativeness. it 
keeps in touch with the doings of the school. It has a good circulation and 
is uninfluenced by local periodicals. It has the unique distinction of being 
the oldest homoeopathic periodical in the United States. 

A large number of homoeopathic periodicals have been devoted to the 
dissemination of homoeopathy among the laity, and the usefulness of these 
is felt even to-day. Among the earlier ones we may mention. The Dayton 
Herald of Health, published in Dayton, Ohio; The Homceopathic Advocate 
and Guide to Health, published in Keene, X'. H., in 185 1 ; The Homaopathic 
Medical Nezvs Letter, one year, 185 1 : The Carlisle Journal of Homoeopathy, 
Carlisle, Pa., 1851 ; TJie Madison Haniceopathist, ]Madison. \\'is.. 1854; The 
Family Journal of Homoeopathy, St. Louis. JMo.. 1854; Humphrey's Journal 
of Specific Homoeopathy, Auburn. X. Y.. 1855: The Homoeopathist, Vermont, 
111., 1859; Home Papers, Chicago. 111.. 1866; The Homoeopathic Expositor, 
Milwaukee, Wis.. 1866; Popular Homeopathic Journal, Elgin, 111., 1866: 
The Homoeopathic Sun, X'ew York, 1868; The Occidental, St. Louis, Mo., 
1869; Family Medical Investigator, Kansas City, Mo., 1871 ; The Curo- 
pathist, Indianapolis, Ind., 1873; The Homoeopathic Record, Chicago, 111., 
1878; The Investigator, Richmond, Yz., 1879; The Homoeopathic Expositor, 
Ithaca. N. Y.. 1879: Jlealth and Life. Philadelphia, Pa., 1880: Sanitary 
Gleanings, Philadelphia. Pa., 1884: The People's Health Journal of Chicago, 
1885; The Popular Medical Examiner. New York, 1885; The Soitthern 
Journal of Health, Atlanta, Ga.. 1885; The Health Record, Corning. N. Y.. 
1885; The Wayside. Nappanee. 111.. 1888: The Homeopathic Advocate and 
Health Journal or The Baltimore Family Health Journal. Baltimore. 1889-91 ; 
The Herald of Health and Ho))uropathy. San Francisco, Cal.. i8«>o; The 
Homceopathic Guide, Louisville, Ky.. 1895; American Climates and Resorts, 
Philadelphia, Pa.. 1893; ^''^ Xorth Western Sanatarian. Kenosha, Wis., 
1894; The Medical Mission Herald. Cliicago, 111., i8()5; .hnerican Health 
a/nd Life, New York. 1903; Herald of Health and Homa'opathy. Oakland. 
Cal., 190 1. 

All these had but brief lives, yet all servotl an excellent purpi>se and 
one can easily see from tlie places wlionce they eniaiiated tlu- witU- tu-M their 
usefulness covered. 

In 1890, Mr. I*".. 1'. Anshut/, ciiiiiu'ctid with tlu- tuin t>f Booricko & 
Tafel, till' wi'll know 11 pharmacists, establishctl the Honuii'Pathic Envoy, a 
I)opuIar jdurnal ])ubHslu(| monthl\ for propagating tlio tnu' medical faitli. 
It is still existent .md is a most nsrfnl campais^ii magazine conducted witli 




Dr. Rebecca R. George, 

Indianapolis, Ind. 

Dr. Julia C. Loos, 

Harbisburg, Pa. 

Dr. Martha G. Ripley, 

MiNNEAPOtre, Minn. 



Dr. Millie J. Chapman, 

Pittsburg, Pa. 

Dr. Clara Barrus, 

Middlktown, N. Y. 

Dr. Annie S. Higbie, 

New York City. 



Dr. IssiE S. Powers, 
Grand RAPIDS. Mich. 

Dr. Carrie B. Banning, 

Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Dr. Anna D. Varner, 

WILKINSBVKC, Pa. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 19 

" the unanswerable logic that so grandly characterized the older homceo- 
pathic domestic journals." 

The Philadelphia Journal of Houmopathy appeared in 1852, edited by 
William A. Gardiner, J. F, Geary and A. E. Small. It was continued four 
years. The best physicians of the school were contributors. It is a most 
valuable work of reference. 

The Chicago Homoeopath appeared in Chicago in 1854, conducted by 
Dr. D. S. Smith, Dr. S. W. Graves and Dr. Reuben Ludlam. Three vol- 
umes were issued. The best of its kind for the non-professional reader. 

The Homoeopath, a semi-monthly journal, appeared in 1858 with Dr. C. 
Hering and Dr. A. Lippe at Philadelphia in 1854, and was devoted chiefly 
to pointing out mistakes in the syniptomen-codex. But few numbers were 
published. It was the first periodical issued by Boericke and Tafel as pub- 
lishers. There was considerable controversy between the Philadelphia Jour- 
nal of Homoeopathy and this publication. 

The Houiceopath, a semi-monthly journal, appeared in 1858 with Dr. C. 
E. Blumenthal as editor. It ran one year. 

The American Homoeopathic Revieiv, with Flenry M. Smith, editor, 
appeared in New York in 1858. It was edited later by Drs. P. P. Wells 
and Carroll Dunham. Six volumes were published, and it was considered 
one of the best periodicals of the time and contained many studies on the 
materia medica. It was first issued as a protest to the mongrel homoeopathy 
then appearing in the North American Journal of Homoeopathy. 

The American Journal of Materia Medica began in i860, under the 
editorship of Dr. George E. Shipman. Four numbers were. issued, contain- 
ing chiefly a record of provings of different remedies. 

In March, i860, appeared the first number of a periodical which was 
destined to have a long and useful career. It was called at first The Med- 
ical Investigator. It was started largely for advertising purposes, but in 
1867 became a monthly journal of medicine and collateral sciences under 
the editorship of Dr. T. C. Duncan, who continued as editor throughout the 
life of the periodical. Former volumes were edited by Drs. Reuben Ludlam, 
E. M. Hale and G. E. Shipman. Eleven volumes were issued under this 
name. In 1875 it was re-issued under the name of The United States Med- 
ical Investigator, which was practically a consolidation of the United States 
Medical and Surgical Journal, a quarterly edited bv Dr. George E. Shipman 
and later liy Dr. A. E. Small, which had run through nine volumes from 
1865 to 1875, and The Medical hnrstigator. Dr. Shipman's journal was 
one of the best in the school, publishing many articles by Ludlam. Hale. 
Dunham and Holcombe. It is a veritable Arcana of early honuvopathic his- 
tory in the west. 

The new periodical became a weekly and wa.s so continued luUil the 
end of 1884, after which it was issued monthly until 1801. when it apjvared 
as a quarterly. l""our nnmliers were issued montiily in 180^. with Dr. 
Charles H. F.vans, editor. Throughout its existence it was one of the great 
periodicals of the school .and wii-Med an iiilhuMice that was far-reaching and 
beneficial to the cause of hom<eop;ithy. 

In July. 1864, The American Ilonitvopathist apiH\ired in Cinciimati. Its 
editor was Dr. riiarles Cropper. It became with volume two an adjunct to 
the Cleveland 1 lom(eop;ithic College, and .at the end of vi^lnme four it 
was united with llic C )///<) Medical and Suri^ical h'ef'orter, with hr T P. 



20 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

Wilson as editor. The latter periodical was intimately connected with the 
college, having the faculty as collaborators. With volume six Drs. J. D. 
Buck and H. F. Biggar became associate editors, and with volume eight, 
Dr. W. A. Phillips was editor and Dr. H. F. Biggar surgical editor. It 
Avas continued until November, 1877, ceasing publication with volume eleven, 
number six. 

Perhaps no journal in the homoeopathic school acquired a greater popu- 
larity, was better edited, or had a wider respect than the American Homoeo- 
pathic Observer, which appeared in Detroit in 1864, with Dr. Edwin A. 
Lodge as editor, and which was continued to his death, when it ceased after 
an issuance of twenty volumes and four numbers. Although commonly 
known as " Lodge's Journal," and to him belongs the credit of its editorial 
policy, yet much of its success was due to the able corps of workers with 
which he surrounded himself. Among these we find the names of Drs. 
Bushrod \N. James, Samuel Liiienthal, E. C. Franklin, N. B. Delamater, 
Samuel A. Jones, H. P. Gatchell, C. P. Hart, E. C. Price, H. C. Houghton, 
G. S. Norton, Clififord Mitchell, Samuel Worcester, L. G. Van Scoyoc, J. 
W. Dowling and others equally well known to homoeopathic fame. There 
is no periodical of what we may call " old times " which contains a greater 
mine of information as to homoeopathic history and homoeopathic materia 
medica than is lo be found in the twenty volumes of the American Hom<eo- 
patMc Observer. 

In 1865 the first number of the Hahncmannian Monthly appeared, which 
may be considered as the second oldest of our homoeopathic periodicals of 
the present day. Its first editors were Drs. J. H. P. Frost and Adolph Lippe. 
These were followed in order by Drs. R. J. McClatchey, W. H. Winslow, 
E. A. Farington, Pemberton Dudley, Clarence Bartlett and W. W. Van- 
Baun. In 1901 it again came under the editorship of Dr. Bartlett, its present 
editor. It has always been one of the stalwart periodicals of the school. It 
was started as the organ of the Homoeopathic ^Medical College of Pennsyl- 
vania and was conducted by the faculty of that college. The large alumni 
of the Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia, with which institution 
it has always remained intimately connected, have been warm supporters of 
the journal. Its field is not, however, wholly confined to the alumni of the 
college, as its excellence and able management have caused it to earn much 
outside circulation and influence. 

The Nezv England Medical Gazette began publication in 1866. Its first 
editor was Dr. H. C. Angell. He was followed in order bv Drs. T. T. Talbot, 
C. F. Nichols, Walter Wesselhoeft, H. A. Chase, Herbert Clapp, J. P. 
Sutherland, J. L. Coffin and Temple Lovering, its present editor. It is still 
current, and is a dignified periodical, conserving the interests of the pub- 
Hshers, Messrs. Otis Clapp & Sons, the Boston University School of Med- 
icine, and homoeopathy in general in New England. 

In 1867 there appeared one number of the American Honia'opathic Rec- 
ord, edited bv Henry M. Smith. This was the first periodical authorized 
by the American Institute of Homoeopathy. Its publication met with such 
strong opposition that no more numbers were issued. 

The American Journal of Ifonuvot>athic Materia Medica was the title 
of a publication appearing in IMiiladelphia in 1867, with Dr. Constantine 
Hering and Noah Martin as editors. During its life of nine volumes it 
added to its title page The Journal of JJoma-opatJiic Clinics and The Amer- 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 21 

Kan Journal of Materia Medica and Record of Medical Science. It was in 
reality a college periodical, being conducted essentially by the faculty of 
the Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia. It contained many val- 
uable papers and additions to our materia medica. 

The first periodical devoted to the interests of what some called pure 
homoeopathy appeared in Buffalo in 1869, with Dr. Rollin Gregg as editor, 
under the name of The Homoeopathic Quarterly. It was devoted chiefly to 
the elucidation of Dr. Gregg's theory of phthisis pulmonalis. But two vol- 
umes were published. ^ 

The Medical Union commenced publication in New York in January, 
1873, with Dr. Egbert Guernsey as managing editor. Two volumes were 
issued. About the same time the New York Journal of Homceopathy ap- 
peared under the auspices of the New York Homoeopathic Medical College, 
with Drs. William Tod Helmuth and T. F. Allen as editors, followed in 
volume two with Dr. Samuel A. Jones as general editor. Two volumes 
were published, and in 1875 this, with the preceding publication, consol- 
idated, becoming volume three of the Homoeopathic Times, under the editor- 
ship of Drs. Egbert Guernsey, Alfred K. Hills and J. B. Gilbert. It had a 
successful career in the homoeopathic school until 1881, when the name 
" Homoeopathic " was dropped from its title, becoming The Neiv York Med- 
ical Times. Homoeopathy entirely disappeared from its pages and its entire 
homoeopathic support left it. It was thereupon dropped from the American 
institute list of homoeopathic periodicals. It was the first and we believe only 
periodical of our school that went over to allopathy. It is still there, but 
has little respect or support, at least, from our own school. 

The Cincinnati Medical Advance appeared in 1873, '^^'ith Dr. T. P. 
Wilson as general editor. It was published under this name for thirteen 
years, becoming then the Ann Arbor Medical Ad^'ance. and two years later 
The Medical Advance, with Dr. H. C. Allen, editor. It published with vol- 
ume fourteen, as an appendix, The American Ho-mceopathic Journal of Ob- 
stetrics. It continued to be published in Chicago, Ann Arbor. Michigan, and 
later again in Chicago until volume thirty, t8q3, when its editor changed 
to Dr. H. W. Pierson of Chicago. Dr. Pierson issued it under its own 
name until 1895. when it was changed to The Hahnoncnnian Advocate, con- 
tinuing under this name until it ceased publication in December. tc)02. In 
July, i8c)8, though having sold the periodical to Dr. Pierson. Dr. Allen 
revived it under its own name, under which it is still published as the organ 
of Hering Medical College and high potency homoeopathy. After a number 
of years in which its appearance was somewhat irregular, it appears in n 
regular monthly issue. 

The California. Medical Tim^s was the first journal devoted to homoe- 
opathy on the Pacific coast. It was edited by Dr. D. A. Killer and Dr. 
Sidney Worth. Four numbers were issued in 1877. This was followed in 
1882 by The California IJomauipath, with Dr. \\'illiain Roorioko as editor. 
The first five volumes were published bi-nionthl\-. With yolume six Dr. 
W. A. Dewey became co-i-ditor. and witli volume eight T^r. Charles T-. Tis- 
dale was added to the editorial corps. With volume nine Dr. 11. R. .Xrndt 
became editor and its name was changed to the Pacific Coast Journal of 
Homoeopathy, under which title it still appears, altliough in a larger form. 
It has ever been nnr nf the important jieriodicals of the school, C(Misoryin_i^ 
its inlcrt'sls in ih.il \;isl (cnilorx hluij wi'sf of tlu- R(X'k\' m>nMitains. 



22 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

The American HoiiKropathist began publication in 1877, with Dr. J. P. 
Mills, editor, as a Chicago publication. With volume four the name became 
The American Homoeopath, changing back to its old title at the beginning of 
volume eleven, in 1885. Dr. C. E. Blumenthal succeeded Dr. Mills as 
editor. In 1879 the publication office was removed to New York. Dr. 
George W. Winterburn succeeded Dr. Blumenthal as editor. Following 
him came Dr. B. F. Underwood, and in January, 1888, Dr. Frank Kraft, 
the present editor, assumed charge. It was changed to a semi-monthly in 
1892, and continued' to be published twenty-four times a year until January, 
1902, when it returned to its monthly form and dropped the name " Homoe- 
opathist," becoming the American Physician. It is gratifying, however, to 
state that its homoeopathy was not dropped, and to feel secure that it never 
will be dropped while Dr. Frank Kraft remains editor. It ranks high in 
the list of homoeopathic periodicals. Its editorial expressions are much prized, 
for the editor is one of those who has for a motto, " hew to the line ; let the 
chips fall as they may." 

The Medical Investigator was the title of a publication appearing in St. 
Louis,' Mo., in 1856. It was edited by Dr. D. White, and was published but 
a few months. The next periodical in that city appeared in 1859, ^"^ '^^^^ 
called The Western Homoeopathic Journal of Homeopathy, with Dr. E. C. 
Franklin as editor. Only five or six numbers appeared. In 1863 The West- 
ern Homoeopathic Observer, conducted by Dr. William Tod Helmuth, ap- 
peared, and continued until 1871, seven volumes being issued. In 1868 Dr. 
John Conzelman edited and published The Homoeopathic Independent. It 
was continued about one year, the facultv of the Homoeopathic Medical Col- 
lege of Missouri becoming the ultimate publishers. Dr. Conzelman also 
issued a Honiooopaihic Semi-Monthly Magazine. The St. Lottis Clinical Re- 
viezv appeared in 1878, Dr. P. G. Valentine, editor. In 1884 it was united 
with the St. Louis Periscope of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery, which 
was edited by Dr. E. C. Franklin, becoming The St. Louis Periscope and 
Clinical Review. Nine volumes in all were issued. Its editors, besides the 
above mentioned, w&^Q Drs. W. B. Edmonds. S. B. Parsons, Frank Kraft 
and J. M. Kershaw. The last issue appeared in December, 1886. 

The Medical Counselor was first published in Chicago in 1879. Its 
first editor was Dr. J. P. Mills, who also was the first editor of the Amer- 
ican Homa'Opathist. With volume three Dr. H. R. Arndt became editor. 
It was first published as a monthly, but with volume six it became a weekly. 
In 1882 it removed to Grand Rapids and was issued semi-monthly. With 
volume eleven the name was changed to The Medical Counselor and Mich- 
igan Journal of Homoeopathy. In 1887 it became a monthly, with Dr. D. A. 
MacLachlan as sole editor. It continued publication until December, 1889, 
when it became merged into the Medical Era. Another periodical of the 
same name was started in Detroit in 1896. Its chief object was to champion 
the cavise of the removal of the homoeopathic department of the University 
of Michigan to Detroit. This object having failed, the journal continued 
to appear and is now current under the editorship of a board of editors, 
being practically the organ of the Detroit Homoeopathic College. It ap- 
peared in new form January, 1905. 

A bi-monthly under the title of the Chicago Medical Rr^'ic^c was issued 
in 1880. But two numbers were given out. 

The Physician's and Surgeon's Inzrstigator np\K-AYv(\ in Buffalo in 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 23 

1880. It ran through ten volumes and had as editors Drs. A. A. Hubbell, S. 
N. Bravton, Asa S. Couch, F. Parke Lewis, George W. Lewis, Jr., Louis 
A. Bull and J. M. Lee. 

The Homceopathic Physician, which represented the extreme high po- 
tency branch of the homoeopathic school, was established in 1882. It was 
issued in Philadelphia and continMed until 1893. Its editors were Drs. E. 
J. Lee and Walter M. James. It was devoted to Hahnemannian homoe- 
opathy, and published a large number of valuable 'appendices. 

A number of smaller journals appeared about this time, most of them 
being doomed to a brief life ; such were The Medical Call, published at 
Ouincv. 111., edited by Drs. W. D. Foster and O. H. Crandall, commenced in 




I'" rank Kraft. M. P. 



1881 .'ind cniitimud lluiui};li ilirti.- or lnur volunii's; llw Medical Herald 
(il .Si. Louis, of which but one coi)y was issued; The Hanuvopathie Courier 
of St. Louis, of which two volumes were issued: The Ifonuvopathie Leader 
of New York. Dr. \\ altrr \'. Cowl, editor. tw(^ numbers only beitig issuoil. 

The Texas Hoiiiteo/^athic Pellet was issued in 1883. " to familiarizo the 
people of Texas with the truths of iionitidpathx .■' Dr. C V.. I'isluT was 
the editor. Two volunii-s win- issued, when its name was champed to /7i<* 
Southern I lonuvot^athic I'ellet. 'i'wo volunus were issued uiuler this name 
from the ])ublicalioii . ilVur at \nvtiii. Ti-sas. its name was ai^.iin chauiied 



24 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

to The Southern Journal of Hoinoeopathx, under which it continued until 
September, 1897, when it became the American Medical Monthly^ Dr. Fisher 
having been succeeded as editor by Dr. E. C. Price of Baltimore, to which 
place the periodical removed. Under this name it is still published in that 
city until recently, when it was suspended. The Southern Journal of Ho- 
moeopathy, under the able editorship of Dr. Fisher, was one of the liveliest 
journals of the school, keenly alert to the needs of the profession, not only 
of Texas and the south, but all over the United States. 

The Medical Era was started as a trade publication by Messrs. Gross 
& Delbridge, homoeopathic pharmacists of Chicago, in 1883. Dr. T. D. 
Williams was editor, and was succeeded by Dr. Charles Gatchell. In 1889 
it acquired the Medical Counselor, and continued publication until January, 
1893, when its properties became vested in the Medical Century, and it was 
consolidated with that publication. Trouble over the consolidation having 
arisen. Dr. Gatchell revived the Era, and its publication as a monthly period- 
ical was continued until December, 1902, when it was merged into the 
Clinique, Dr. Gatchell continuing as editor. 

The Clinical Reviezv was published in Cleveland, with Dr. C. L. Cleve- 
land as editor. It ran from November, 1885, to August, 1887. 

The Wisconsin Medical Record was published in the interests of the 
Wisconsin Homoeopathic Medical Society in 1885. But one number ap- 
peared. 

The Medical Current, which was a continuation of the Electro-Clinical 
Record, commenced publication in 1886. with Dr. Henry Sherry as editor. 
He was followed by Dr. W. E. Reed. The first numbers were issued irregu- 
larly, ceasing for two years from 1887 to 1889. when it was revived with 
Dr. Eucene F. Storke. editor, who was followed by Dr. Wilson A. Smith. 
The issue of 1887 was a quarto: other volumes were in octavo form. The 
last issue was number three of volume twelve, March, 1896. 

The Clinical Record was published for a few issues in Chicago in 1889. 

The Surgical Record of Omaha. Nebraska, commenced in January, 1888. 
Drs. E. F. Allen and D. A. Foote were the editors. Its name was subse- 
quently changed to the Medical and Surgical Record, and was published 
under this name to its discontinuance in January, 1892. 

The North Western Journal of Homoeopathy was first published at Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa, in 1889, with Dr. A. C. Cowperthwaite as editor. It was a 
well conducted publication and ran successfullv until volume four, number 
nine, when its properties vested in the Medical Century, and its editor 
assumed charge of the materia medica department of that periodical. 

. line Journal of Homoeopathies, devoted to the philosophy of homoe- 
opathy, commenced in April, 1889, in New York, with Dr. Harlyn Hitch- 
cock as editor. It was discontinued after two volumes and eight numbers. 
In April, 1897, another periodical bearing the same name and devoted to 
high potency homoeonathy was started in Philadelphia, with Dr. J. T. Kent 
as editor. It ran until volume seven, in 1003, when in December of that 
year it joined the Medical Advance. Dr. Harvey Farington was editor of 
the journal following Dr. Kent. 

The A^cw Remedies, edited In- Dr. James E. Gross and Dr. E. M. Hale, 
appeared in Chicago in 1880. It gave a monthly epitome of progress in 
the homoeopathic materia medica and therapeutics. It was published monthly, 
ending December, 1892, when it l)ccame a part of the }fcdical Century. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 25 

Two numbers of Medical Topics were published in Chicago in 1890. 

In Minnesota there appeared as early as 1854 The Minnesota Homoeopath, 
published in St. Paul, a few numbers only being issued. In 1886 appeared 
the Minnesota Medical Monthly, which was edited by Dr. W. E. Leonard 
of Minneapolis. It ran through two volumes and t'cur numbers, discon- 
tinuing in April, 1888. The Medical Argus was published in Minneapolis in 
1891, with Dr. F. F. Casseday, editor, about eight volumes being issued. 
The Minneapolis Homoeopathic Magazine first appeared in 1892, with Dr. h! 
C. Aldrich as editor, and continued until December, 1903, running through 
ten volumes. These last three periodicals were well edited and did o-ood 
work for homoeopathy in the northwest. 




Willis .A. Dfwcy, .M. D. 

In January, 1893, .'ipjicarfd the first issue of the Medical Century, the 
character ol which was dilTerent from any other that had preceded it in our 
school. 'I he growth of iiomreopalhy and' its institutions had made require- 
ments that the publishers of the new venture did nut think were fulfilled bv 
the existmg periodical Hterature. an.l the Medical Centurx was inaugurated 
as " an mtk'pendent. hi-h-niiii<k(I. intcniatidiial im-iUcal newspaper." It occu- 
pied a fu-Id that had nut i)reviuuslv been filled, and it has sincr made a phice 
for itself. It sprang ;it uiicr into p(»piilaritv ami suimi ac(|uired a iarqe and 
widespread eircnlaliun. Its editor. Dr. C. I-:. l'"islur. who was former editor 
of the Sonlhrrn .hniiiuil of Itomaopathy, and wIk. was known ihrouphout 



26 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

the profession, put all his energy into the building up of the periodical. 
It absorbed first, the New Remedies, which was a trade journal published 
by Gross and Delbridge of Chicago, and then the North-lVestern Journal of 
Homccopathy, whose editor was Dr. A. C. Cowperthwaite. Thus it had the 
advantage over new ventures in the journalistic field by starting into life 
with an established circulation. In March, 1893, it acquired by purchase 
the list and patronage of the Medical Era. Although some difficulty arose 
over this purchase, the Era brought to the Century a large support, which 
materially extended its field. In after years the Century combined with the 
Homo'opathic Journal of Surgery, which had but a brief existence. 

The Century was published in Chicago by the Medical Century Com- 
pany, which was incorporated under the laws of Illinois, until January, 
1896, when it removed to New York, whence it has since been issued, though 
still retaining its Chicago office. 

The first volume was issued monthly, a daily edition appearing during 
the week of the combined meeting of the American Institute of Homoe- 
opathy and the International Homoeopathic Congress in Chicago in June, 
1893. The second, third and fourth volumes were published semi-monthly. 
With the beginning of volume five it returned to the monthly form in which 
it is still issued. 

As before stated, it was edited by Dr. C. E. Fisher. At the beginning 
of volume two, January i, 1894, Dr. W. A. Dewey's name appeared as asso- 
ciate editor. In 1900 Dr. Dewey acquired control of the property of the 
company, reorganized the same, and on January i, 1901, assumed full edi- 
torial control, since which time no change has been made. 

The Medical Century is looked upon everywhere in the profession with 
respect and favor ; it has no rivals, and so far as known, no enemies. It 
stands for the cause of homoeopathy and its dissemination, and is ever will- 
ing to condemn those who are disloyal and disrespectful to it. While it is 
not the oldest of our periodicals, and while the writer would be too modest 
to call it the ablest, he has no hesitation in saying that it certainly is the 
widest read of all our periodicals. 

The Medical Arena was established in Kansas City in 1892, with 
Dr. S. C. Delap as editor. It was first called The Medical Standard. One 
number was published under this name. It then became The Keynote of 
Homceopathy, the remaining issues of volume one being of this name. It 
then became the Medical Arena. It championed the new Kansas City Homoe- 
opathic Medical College. It was a good, staunch homoeopathic periodical, 
exercising a good influence until 1903, when it abandoned the homoeopathic 
camp, after twelve years of good service, going over to the eclectic school 
of medicine. It does not appear listed in the transactions of the American 
Institute of Homoeopathy (1904) among the journals of the school. 

The Medical Forum appeared in Kansas City January i, 1904, and is 
still current. It is edited by Dr. Charles Ott, and is devoted to the interests 
of the Kansas City Hahnemann Medical College. 

The Denver Journal of Homoeopathy, with Dr. S. S. Smythe and Dr. 
S. S. Kchr as editors, began publication in October, 1894, about the time 
of the establishment of the homoeopathic college in Denver. It continued 
under this name until the end of volume three. Volume four opened under 
the name of The Critique, by which it is still known. With volume ten. 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 27 

number one,' Dr. J. W. Mastin became the editor. It is now in its twelfth 
volume, and is one of the good local periodicals of the school. 

In January, 1903, another periodical, called Progress, appeared in Den- 
ver under the editorship of Dr. David A. Strickler. This periodical also is 
current, is well conducted, and is a credit to the school. The third volume 
opened with 1905. 

The Medical Magazine was the name of a periodical edited by Dr. Har- 
vey B. Dale, and which appeared in Milwaukee, Wis., September i, 1901. 
It ran through three volumes, ceasing publication in 1903. 

SPECIAL PERIODICALS. 

The first periodical to be devoted to a specialty in the homoeopathic 
school was The Homeopathic Journal of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women, 
which appeared in New York, with Dr. Henry Minton as editor. It first 
appeared quarterly. Dr. L. L. Danforth succeeded Dr. Minton as editor, 
and in 1886 its name was changed to Homeopathic Journal of Obstetrics, 
Gynaecology, and Paedology, and it was issued bi-monthly. Dr. Phil. Porter 
succeeded Dr. Danforth as editor. He was succeeded by the pubHsher, who 
ran the editorial part for some years, and after him came Drs. G. W. Winter- 
burn, B. F. Underwood and G. F. Honan, the latter being its present editor. 
On January i, 1905, the name "Homoeopathic" was taken from its title 
page, and it became the Journal of Surgery, Gynaecology and Obstetrics. 

A single volume of the Medico-Chir.urgical Quarterly was published in 
New York in 1880. Drs. John Butler and G. M. Dillow were the editors. 

The Journal of Ophthalmology, Otology and Laryngology was a quar- 
terly publication founded by Dr. George S. Norton in New York in 1889. 
Dr. Charles Deady succeeded Dr. Norton as editor, and he was succeeded 
by Dr. J. L. Moffat. It continued publication until 1904, when it was dis- 
continued. 

The Journal of Electro Therapeutics commenced publication in 1890 in 
New York. Dr. W. H. King was editor. 

The Journal of Oriticial Sitrgery, which was devoted to orificial philos- 
ophy, commenced publication in Chicago in 1892. with its founder, Dr. E. 
H. Pratt, as editor, and continued through nine volumes, ceasing in 1901. 

The Homoeopathic Eye and Ear Journal began publication in 1895. It 
is the official organ of the Ophthalmological, Otological and Laryngological 
Socictv, and publishes its transactions. Dr. A, B. Norton of New York was 
editor until the close of kxh. With the new volume of 1905. Drs. J. L. 
Moffat and A. Worrall Palmer are the editors. 

The I h>in<V()p(ithic Journal of Surgery and Gynaecology was issued by 
the Medical Century Co. January 1, 1898. There were only two numbers 
issued, each finely illustrated. It then became a part of the Medical Century. 
The Journal of Pediatrics, published in BulTalo, New "N'ork, edited by Dr. 
I. ( i. Chadwick, appeared January i, i(>oj. and ran until March, iiK>3. wlien 
it was discontiinied. 

cor.r.F.r.i-: pKKionirALS. 

A imiiibiT III' tiiir Inrcuiost iH-ritidiraU ha\r uplu'ld the interests ol the 
local colKgr in llu- place nl' llu-ir pultlicalion, as w i- have heretofore men- 
tioned. In fact there ari' lnU iluie periodicals of tlie scluHil that are abso- 
lutelv witlioiit eiilaui^liiig iiilliuiu'es. 



28 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

The first periodical devoted particularly to college interests was called 
The College Journal, and was connected with the St. Louis Homoeopathic 
College in i860. But two numbers were published. 

Four numbers of the Michigan Journal of Iloinoeopathy, devoted to the 
interests of the Detroit Homoeopathic College, were issued in 1872, with 
Dr. E. R. Ellis as editor and proprietor. 

A few numbers of a periodical issued by the homoeopathic association of 
Boston University in 1873 was called the Record. It had " similia similibus 
curantur " as the motto. 

In 1875 appeared The Clinic, published by the faculty of the Cleveland 
HomcEOpathic College. Only a few numbers were issued. 

The Northzvestern Annalist was launched at Dubuque, Iowa, in 1876, 
with Dr. E. A. Guilbert as editor. But four numbers were issued and they 
were devoted to championship of the struggle to introduce a homoeopathic 
department in the State University of Iowa. 

In 1880 The Clinique, the organ of the Hahnemann hospital and college 
of Chicago, started into existence. It contained a monthly abstract of the 
proceedings of the clinical society of the hospital, and under the able manage- 
ment of its editor Dr. Reuben Ludlam it became one of the valuable periodi- 
cals of the school. Dr. H. V. Halbert succeeded Dr. Ludlam as editor, and 
the periodical maintained its high place in our periodical literature under his 
energetic management. In 1904 it consolidated with the Medical Era under 
the editorship of Dr. Charles Gatchell. It is now published under its old 
name, with a new dress. 

The Chironian was the first college periodical issued by the students of a 
homoeopathic college. Its first issue bears the date October 22, 1884, and is 
connected with the New York Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital. 
Its first editor was Dr. Eugene H. Porter, now editor of the North American 
Journal of Honiccopathy. Its editors and business, managers are chosen ex- 
clusively from the student body annually. It was at first published during 
the college year, but now appears monthly in the interests of the college. 
Dr. Percy W. Shedd is the present editor. 

The Medical Institute of Philadelphia, the student publication of the 
Hahnemann College, commenced in January, 1886. As with the Chironian, 
the editor is chosen from the senior class. Each volume is composed of six 
numbers. With number three of volume four it became The Medical Insti- 
tute of The Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia. In 1893 it became 
simply The Institute, and in 1894, The Hahnemannian Institute, under which 
name it is still published. A Quarterly Bulletin of the Hahnemann Medical 
College and Hospital of Philadelphia was first issued in 1904. It is devoted 
to the interests of higher medical education. 

The faculty of the Homoeopathic Medical College of Missouri estab- 
lished in 1888 The Clinical Reporter. I. D. Foulon was editor. This con- 
tinued until the end of 1894. In December of that year there appeared in 
St. Louis, under the editorship of Dr. W. A. Edmonds, The St. Low's Journal 
of Homceopathy. This ran through four issues until April, 1895, when the 
words "and Clinical Reporter" were added to the title page. In February, 
1897, the words "St. Louis Journal of Homoeopathy" were dropped, and it 
again became the Clinical Reporter, under which name it is still issued. Fol- 
lowing Dr. Edmonds as editor, came Drs. J. M. Kershaw, I. D. Foulon and 
D. M. Gibson, the latter its present editor. 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY • 2U 

Tlie Medical Student, the undergraduate publication of the Boston Uni- 
versity School of Medicine, was established in 1888. Its editor is chosen 
from the student body. It is still issued. 

The College Argus was a quarterly publication of the Cleveland Homce- 
opathic Hospital College. It commenced in November, 1889, with Dr. Kent 
B. Waite as editor. With volume two it was called The Argus, Dr. Frank 
Kraft becoming the editor. It ceased publication after a few volumes. 

The Pitlte Quarterly, published in the interests of Pulte Medical College 
of Cincinnati, and edited by Dr. Thomas ]M. Stewart, appeared in 1890. It 
ran through three volumes and three numbers and was an excellent periodical. 

The Ann Arbor Alumnus, edited by R. S. Copeland, appeared in 1890. 
It was devoted to the interests of the alumni of the homoeopathic department 
of the University of Michigan. But three numbers were issued. In the 
winter of 1897 the regents of the university authorized the publication of a 
Bulletin to offset the attempt to remove the department of homoeopathy from 
the university. But one issue was published. Since then an annual, the first 
number of which was published in 1900, has been issued by the student body 
of the department, under the name of Phials. In 1903 a quarterly was issued 
in the interests of the department, and was called The University Homoe- 
opathic Observer. It is still current and is edited by the faculty. 

The University of the State of Iowa also has issued a Bulletin from time 
to time, reviewing the work of the homoeopathic department. 

The Argonaut was published quarterly, with Dr. Kent B. Waite as 
editor, in the interests of the Cleveland ^Icdical College, in 1890. 

The Bulletin of Medical Instruction was published first in 1894 in con- 
nection with the Boston University School of Medicine, Dr. W. I. Talbot, 
editor; two volumes only appeared. The Hahnemonnian Pulse was issued 
by the Hahnemann Medical College of Chicago in N^ovember, 1892. Hering 
Medical College of Chicago issued a quarterly Bulletin in September, 1895. 
In October, 1895, the Chicago Homoeopathic Medical College issued Tlie 
Honiawpathic Student. It ran through nine volumes and was succeeded in 
July, 1904. bv The Chicago Honio'opathic Medical College Bulletin, with 
Dr. C. A. Weirick, editor. It ceased publication on the consolidation of the 
Chicago Homit'opathic College and Hahnemann Medical College, in Decem- 
ber, 1004. It ran thr(iugli three numbers. Dr. C. .\. Harkness was assistant 
editor. 

'The Cresset is the name r.i the colle£;«.' publication of the Ww \\>rk 
Medical College and Hospital for \\'<imen. It apjjeared in 1887 and was 
issued during the college vear. 

A Post '''raduate Bidlctin was i-^sued in Chicago in March, 181)7. The 
Cleveland Homceopathic College issued a Bulletin in i8()8. The nunhani 
Medical College of Chicago commenced in May. i8()(). the publication of a 
pretentious fpiarterly which was short liyed. only a few issues a]ipearing. 
,Thc Alumni Neii's Letter was issued <;uarterlv by the Chicago 1 loin»eopathic 
Medical College in kjoi. I )r. T. V.. Costain was editt^r. Three or four 
volumes were issued. I hire also was a Bulletin of this ctillege, issued in 
i8()(). I'he Chicago lloma'opath commenced publication in October, 1804, in 
llie interest of the Chicago iiomceopathic Medical College. Tlw llahnemKinn 
Periscof^e is the name of the publication of the llahnemann Medical (.'olleije 
of tin- racific. It started in it)oi. .and is still issue»l at infrequent intervnls. 
The Indicator was established in i8()3 in CK-veland, eilited by Hr. I*. W. \iets. 



30 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

It was the organ of the Cleveland Homoeopathic Medical College. It ran 
through a few volumes. 

There was also The Student News Letter and Hospital Tidings, pub- 
lished by the Chicago Homoeopathic Medical College. 

In January, 1900, appeared the Cleveland Homa^opathic Reporter, a 
bi-monthly publication devoted to the interests of the Cleveland Homoe- 
opathic Medical College. It was edited by Dr. J. Richey Horner, It con- 
tained a history of the Cleveland college ably written by Dr. D. H. Beckwith 
of Cleveland, which ran through several numbers. In January, 1902, after 
two volumes had been issued under this name, it was changed to the Cleve- 
land Medical and Surgical Reporter, desiring to be considered a redivivus of 
the old Ohio Medical and Surgical Reporter, which, as previously stated, 
ceased publication with volume eleven, number six, in 1877, the name being a 
combination of the two. An error was made, however, in the volume number, 
the first number of 1902 being called volume ten, number one. The periodical 
is a credit to the college and the profession, is still current and keenly alive 
to not only college interests but homoeopathic interests in Ohio. 

There have been two publications devoted to college fraternities, The 
Alpha Sigma Quarterly, which commenced in 1902 and is still issued, and 
The Phi Alpha Gamma Quarterly, which was first issued by that fraternity 
in 1901, and is still current. 

PERIODICALS DEVOTED TO HOSPITALS AND DISPENSARIES. 

Drs. J. M. Buzzell and D. White issued in 1859 as an advertisement for 
Dr. Buzzell's private hospital in Springfield, Mass., two numbers of a pub- 
lication called The Homoeopathist. 

There was a Homoeopathic Hospital Reporter published by the Cleveland 
Homoeopathic Hospital in 1868. 

Faith's Record was the title of a journal published as an aid to the 
Chicago Foundling Home in 1871, by Dr. George E. Shipman. 

The Periscope appeared in 1878 as the organ of the Remedial Institute 
Co. of Dubuque, la. Its editor was Dr. R. S. Gee. 

A Monthly Record is published in connection with the Five Points House 
of Industry, which institution is under homoeopathic control. 

The Hahnemannian Advocate appeared in 1879 ^^ the organ of the 
Hahnemann Homoeopathic Hospital of Rochester, Xew York. It is a 
monthly publication and is still current. 

The Keystone is the name of a paper published in the interests of the 
Buflfalo Homoeopathic Flospital in 1889, and the same year there was started 
The Hospital Leaflet, which is still current. 

A Hospital Leaflet also was started in the interests of the Rochester 
Homoeopathic Hospital about 1889. It is still current. 

The Compass, with Dr. S. H. Knight, editor, was published in Grace 
Hospital, Detroit, in 1890. 

The Hospital Visitcmt was published in Portland, Me. Grace Hospital 
Gazette was published in Detroit as a continuation of the Compass, com- 
mencing January, 1895. The Denver Homoeopathic Hospital Envoy appeared 
in January, 1896. The Fitchhurg Honiccopatliic Hospital Nezt's appeared in 
April, 1896. Hospital Tidings was issued in Philadelphia in 1895, and The 
Hospital Messenger in 1898. The Brooklyn Homoeopathic Hospital Bulletin 
and The Syracuse Homoeopathic Hospital Record, which succeeded the Syra- 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 31 

cuse Clinic, which first appeared ]^Iarch, 1898, are the latest hospital 
periodicals. 

PERIODICALS DEVOTED TO PHARMACIES AND PUBLISHING HOUSES. 

\\ hile a number of the periodicals heretofore chronicled have been pub- 
lished by homoeopathic pharmacies and doubtless conserved the interests of 
the same, there are a number of periodicals that deserve to be classed as 
exclusive trade journals. The line, however, cannot be made absolute, for 
many of them have exercised a far reaching good for the cause of homoe- 
opathy, independent of their trade affiliations. The classification is made 
more difficult and unsatisfactory from the fact that some have combined 
college and pharmacy interests. 

A journal called the Homeopathic Journal of Materia Medica, Chemistry 
and Toxicology was issued by Williams & Dwight, homoeopathic pharmacists 
in Chicago, in 1867. It was discontinued after the issuance of a few numbers. 

The Homoeopathic News was the title of a publication put forth by 
Luyties homoeopathic pharmacy of St. Louis in 1871, previous to which it 
had been a circular. It continued as a legitimate trade publication until 
about 1890. when it degenerated not only into a purely trade publication 
pirating upon all other publications of the school without credit, but also into 
a kind of a non-homoeopathic sheet, in the field for revenue only. It was 
never listed in the American institute as a homoeopathic periodical, and it 
died a natural death about 1901. 

In 1871 appeared Boericke & Tafel"s Quarterly Bulletin of Homaopathic 
Literature. It was a most valuable publication and was issued gratuitously 
until 1885, when it was succeeded by The HomccopatJiic Recorder. This is a 
high-class trade journal, and was published bi-monthly until January, 1893, 
when it became a monthly publication. Its editors have been Dr. J. T. O'Con- 
nor, Dr. C. F. Millspaugh and Mr. E. P. Anshutz, its present editor. It 
is one of the best publications of the homoeopathic school, has a large circu- 
lation, is ably edited and conducted, and now is in its twentieth volume. It 
avoids controversial matters and battles for the cause of homoeopathy wher- 
ever found on the face of the globe. 

The Munson homoeopathic pharmacy of St. Louis issued a bulletin in 
1872, which continued for a number of years under the name of Munson' s 
Homoeopathic Bulletin. It apjx'ared at irregular intervals. 

The Kansas City lionKcopathic pharmacy pul)lislu'(l in 1876 The Honui'- 
opathic Netvs for trade ])urposcs. Dr. II. C. C. Luyties issued a Bulletin in 
1878. Duncan Brothers issued irregularly a Pharmacy Bulletin in Chicago 
in 1881. 'Die Hahnemann publishing house of PhiUulelpiiia issued a circular 
as an advertisement in 1883. \V. A. Chaltcrton, a publisher of Cliicago. issued 
in 1883 a few numbers of The Publishers' Rec&rd. lioericke & Tafol issued 
at irregular times a Neivslettcr, and at present Jottings is iniblishcd by them 
" occasionally." 

J'he Medical J'isitor was first startid by Dr. Trinple S. llnvne in (.Miicago 
in 18S5. It was a directory of honueopathic nh\sicians, and was published 
in place of Dr. 1 loyne's annual directory. Dr. lloyne issued thi^•tel•n volnines 
of the Medical I'isilor, and in iStjo it passed into the haiitls i^i Halsev 
Hrolhers, houKropathic phannacists of Chicago, with Dr. Wilson A. Smith as 
editor. lii.K 1 the able managenu-nt of Dr. .Smiih it was a llourishing 
IH'riodical. Mr coiUinned as edilor nnii! Deceinber. l<nM, alter winch it was 



32 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

editorless for several issues. Dr. Harvey B. Dale of Oshkosh, Wisconsin, is 
its present editor. It is still published as the trade organ of Halsey Brothers. 

PERIODICALS DEVOTED TO FAIRS AND BAZAARS. 

It has long been the custom to issue a small publication in the interests 
of the various fairs and bazaars that have been held in connection with hos- 
pitals and dispensaries. The first of these, of which we have any record, 
was called the Globule. Three numbers were issued in aid of the homoe- 
opathic hospital fair in Philadelphia in 1869. 

The Pellet was the name of a journal that was published in connection 
with the Massachusetts Homceopathic Hospital fair in 1872. Thomas Bailey 
Aldrich, the celebrated author, was its editor. It gives the daily history of 
the fair, and among other things records the visits of Henry W. Longfellow 
and Wendell Phillips, both adherents of homoeopathy. 

The Siinilibus was a paper published by the managers of the fair for 
the benefit of the homoeopathic surgical hospital of New York. Mrs. Carroll 
Dunham and Mrs. Henry D. Paine were the editors. 

Six or seven numbers of Sugar Pills were issued in 1874 in aid of the 
fair for the homoeopathic free dispensary in Cincinnati, Ohio. 

The Hospital Bacaar was published in aid of the Hahnemann Hospital 
charity fair in 1874. Seven numbers were issued. 

Thirteen numbers of The Echo were published in 1875 in aid of the 
New York Homoeopathic Hospital fair. 

The Doctor was the name of a paper published during a fair held for 
the Homoeopathic Free Dispensary in Baltimore, Md., in 1876. 

The Pellet was published in Brooklyn, New York, in the interest of the 
Brooklyn Homoeopathic Hospital fair in 1876. It was succeeded by a regular 
hospital bulletin. 

A paper called the H. H. H. Record was issued seven times in 1883 in 
aid of the Pittsburgh Homoeopathic Hospital fair. 

When the Ohio Hospital for Women and Children fair was held in Cin- 
cinnati in 1884, a paper was issued which bore the name of The Pellet. 

Another paper called The Pellet was issued by the Chelsea, Mass., hos- 
pital association in 1886. 

The Carnival Record was published by the Women's Homoeopathic Asso- 
ciation of Philadelphia in 1887. .Seven numbers were issued. 

The New York Ainuscmcnt '^-acctte was the daily bulletin for the benefit 
of the Homoeopathic Free Hospital in New York in 1888. 

The Hospital Nezcs in aid of the Homoeopathic Hospital of Minneapolis, 
Minn., issued a single edition of 10,000 copies in 1888. 

The Donation wns issued in aid of a fair held for the Children's Homoe- 
opathic Hospital of Philadelphia in 1891, and for the same cause a Santa 
Claus reception was held at the Hahnemann Medical College, at which a 
paper called The Mistletoe was issued. 

The Charity Box was a daily issued in New York at the feast of lanterns 
in 1891. 

• MTSCELLAXEOUS HOMOEOPATHIC PUBLICATION'S. 

There have been many periodicals devoted to homoeopathy and having 
associated with them other topics. Thus, in 185 1, there was published The 
American Magazine Devoted to Honuvopafhy and Hydropathy, edited by 



HISTORY OF HOM(I':OPATHY . 33 

Dr. J. H. Pulte and Dr. H. P. Gatchell. This magazine, which was published 
in Cincinnati, changed its name twice, becoming The American Magazine of 
Homoeopathy, and finally the Quarterly Homoeopathic Magazine. 

In 1866 there appeared a journal bearing the title of The Hahnemann 
Monthly, publislied in Cleveland in the interest of the Hahnemann Life Insur- 
ance Company. Only a few issues appeared. 

A publication called The Homoeopathist was issued in the interests of 
the Homoeopathic Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York from 1870 
to 1874. E. B. Holmes was its editor. 

A few numbers of The Regular Physician were issued at Havana. New 
York, in 1884. It was the organ of the Southern Tier Homoeopathic Med- 
ical Society. 

An Electro-Clinical Record, which was of homoeopathic genesis, was pub- 
lished by W. A. Chatterton of Chicago in 1885. 

The Medical Nezvs, later The Medical News and Bulletin, and still 
later The Semi-Monthly Bulletin of the JVestern Exchange Bureau, was estab- 
lished at Orrville, Ohio, in 1889. It afterwards became The Nation-al Medi- 
cal News, and upon its editor. Dr. H. A. Mumaw, removing to Elkhart, Ind., 
in 1891, it became The National Medical Exchange Monthly Bulletin, and 
finally The Medical and Scientific A^ezvs. 

The International Brief, of Philadelphia, commenced in January. 1895. 
and ran through six numbers. It was printed both in Spanish and English. 
The picture of Hahnemann on the title page is a fac sitnile of the one taken 
to Spain by Boenninghausen when engaged to attend his friend, the late 
Marquis de Nunez. 

Gentry's Record of Homoeopathic Materia Medica was published in Janu- 
ary, 1895. But few numbers were issued. 

There was a Materia Medica Journal published in Chicago in 1896. 
Ten numbers were issued. Dr. H. C. Allen was editor. 

Medical Debates was also a Chicago publication in 1899. 

The Big Four was a bi-monthly publication issued by Dr. C. \V. Pyle 
of Kansas City, Mo. It commenced January, 1897, and ran through two or 
three volumes. 

HOMOEOPATHIC PERIODICALS IN OTHER LANGUAGES. 

[Printed in the L^nited States.] 

Besides Dr. Hering's Corrcspondcnzhlatt, already referred to. there 
appeared in 1852, Der Ilonuvopath und Dictctischcr Hausfrcund. It was 
published in lUiffalo, N. Y.. by Dr. D. A. Lewis, and was intended for circu- 
lation among the Cerman laity. One volume appeared. 

Le Practicicn Uo)na^opathiquc was the title of a journal iiublished in 
New Orleans in 1857 in tln' iMTnch language. It continued about mio year. 

Der Honuvopatischcr I lausfrcmid was i)u])lishc(i a short time in 1857 
at Herman, Missouri. 

L'HcHnoion, a brench piililicalidn, was jjublislied I'or a short time in 
New Orleans, La., in 1857. It nappeared in i8(')i for a few issues. 

Der Honuvopatischc Hotr was the name oi a periotHcal havins.; a brief 
existence in St. I.ouis, Mo., in i88('). 

Der Honuvopatisclw /eitschrift was started in Newark. X. I., in lanu- 
ary. 1883. 



34 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

Der Aiiierikanische Hausarts appeared in October, 1894, in Essex, Iowa. 
Dr. Staads was editor. Three numbers were issued, that of March, 1895, 
being the last. 

Der Deutsche Amcrikanischc Homccopatische Zeitschrift was edited 
by Dr. K. Puscheck in Chicago. A few volumes were issued. It com- 
menced about 1885. 

LIST OF HOMOEOPATHIC PKRIODICALS CURRENT JANUARY I, I905. 

The Alpha Sigma Journal New York 

The American Physician New York 

The Chironian New York 

The Cleveland Medical and Surgical Reporter Qeveland 

The Clinical Reporter St. Louis 

The Clinique Chicago 

The Critique Denver 

The Forum Kansas City 

The Hahnemannian Advocate Rochester 

The Hahnemann Institute Philadelphia 

The Hahnemannian Monthly Philadelphia 

The Homoeopathic Envoy Philadelphia 

The Hahnemannian Periscope San Francisco 

The Homoeopathic Recorder Philadelphia 

The Homoeopathic Eye, Ear and Throat Journal New York 

The Hospital Leaflet Buffalo 

The Hospital Leaflet Rochester 

The Journal of Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynaecology New York 

The Medical Advance Chicago 

The Medical Century New York and Chicago 

The Medical Counselor Detroit 

The Medical Student Boston 

The Medical Visitor Chicago 

The New England Medical Gazette ; Boston 

The North American Journal of Homoeopathy New York 

The Pacific Coast Journal of Homoeopathy San Francisco 

The Phi Alpha Gamma Quarterly 

The Progress Denver 

The L'niversity Homoeopathic Observer and Phials Ann Arbor 



HAHNEMANN MEDICAL COLLEGE AND 
HOSPITAL OF PHILADELPHIA. 




llahiK'numn Medical College. 



HISTORY OF HO^ICEOPATHY 37 



CHAPTER H 

HAHNEMANN MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL OF PHILADELPHL-V 
Pembertcn Dudley, M. D., LL. D., Editor. 

The seed of the homoeopathic school of medicine was planted in the soil 
of Pennsylvania much in the same manner as it was first rooted in the neigh- 
boring state of New York, and only three years later. As was Hans Burch 
Gram to homoeopathy in New York, so was Henry Detwiller to homoeopathy 
in Pennsylvania; both were pioneers,, and both were converts from the estab- 
lished practice of the old schools. Gram was a native of America, born in 
Boston, Mass. ; Detwiller was born in Switzerland, and emigrated to America 
in 1817. But unlike Gram, Detwiller within ten years after his conversion 
to the doctrine of cure by similars was chiefly instrumental in founding a 
school of medical instruction in homoeopathy, out of which grew another of 
the same character, yet more complete and of higher order, and another which 
in the evolution of time and homoeopathic medical science ultimatelv became 
the Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia, an institution recognized 
throughout the world as the parent college of its kind. Therefore in tracing 
the history of this splendid institution from its inception, it is necessary to 
begin almost with the introduction of hom'oeopathy in Pennsylvania, when 
Detwiller and Wesselhoeft first investigated for themselves the fundamental 
truths of the new doctrine, accepted them, and administered the first dose 
under its teachings in that great commonwealth. 

There is no direct connecting link between the so-called AUentown Acad- 
emy and the Homoeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania, and nearlv six 
years passed after the downfall of the former before the latter was founded. 
but the guiding spirits of the old first school were instrumental in establishing 
the new institution which always has been regarded as its outgrowth an(l 
legitimate s.uccessor. and that notwithstanding the fact that thev were located 
in nnmicipalities separated by a distance of fifty miles. Indeed, anv historv 
of the present Hahnemann Medical College and Hosjiital of I^hiladelphia 
which docs not begin with the informal proceedings which led to the incor- 
poration of AUentown Aeademv. as commonly known, is incomplete and a 
reflection on the matun- age of the oldest lu^mtec^pathic scbotil o{ medical iti- 
struction in the world. 

NORTH AM l':UI(A.\ A( \I>I;MN oI 1 1 1 I'. I lOM ( U:o|-A I 1 1 U lll-ALINt; AKl'. 

When lioHiienpatlu was introduced in America the existing sclu">(>ls i^f 
medicim- looked upon the new doctrine as a species «tf nuHlical ilehision. and 
reftised to investigate or countenance in ;m\ way tin- teachings of siniiliit .v/muV»- 
hns cnninlnr. and turned from their doors all who sought instructit">n under 
its system. While the first pronuilgators of the doctrine were men who hail 
received a thorough medical education, there soon appeared in various parts 
of tlic country practitioners of homix'opathy who had no medical eiluoatii>n 
whatever, or a very nieagri- oni\ aiul who weie proniptly ntade subjects of 



38 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

ridicule by members of the old school profession. These charlatans were a 
disgrace to homoeopathy, or to any other school of medicine, and were merely 
held up to the public view for the convenient purpose of the dominant school 
in an unworthy attempt to bring the legitimate disciples of Hahnemann into 
disrepute. The prejudices of that early period were not restrained by any 
limitation of propriety or regard for the right of m.an to select the branch 
of the profession under which he preferred to practice, although then homce- 
opathy was as legitimate as it is now, and always was as lawful and hon- 
orable and worthy as the system whose exponents challenged its right to exist; 
and unfortunately, there are those in the enlightened medical thought of the 
twentieth century who are w^eak enough to assert that homoeopathy has no 
claim to a place in the ranks of the profession. 

From the researches of earlier investigators it is learned that some time 
during the year 1834 a few disciples of the Hahnemannian doctrine held a meet- 
ing in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, and there conceived the idea of founding a 
school of homoeopathic medical instruction. They were Drs. William Wessel- 
hoeft, Henry Detwiller, John Romig and Eberhard Freytag, but even their 
informal councils were antedated by events which led to the resolution formed 
by them. In 1828 Wesselhoeft was an old school practitioner at Bath, Penn- 
sylvania, and Detwiller was located in practice at Hellertown, twelve miles 
south of Bath. They met frequently in social and professional council, and 
at one of their meetings Wesselhoeft informed his associate that he had re- 
ceived from his father and Dr. Stapf in Germany some books on homoeopathy 
and a box of medicines, and requested Detwiller to examine with him the 
merits of the new system, w^hich he did by studying a case then on hand and 
applying to it the new principle ; and he administered it, " the Ursf homceo- 
pathic dose in Pennsylvania," July 24, 1828. 

This was the beginning which led to the founding eight years later of 
the Allentown Academy. A mere handful of inexperienced co-workers could 
do but little in accomplishing the desired end, and it became necessary to 
recruit their strength with other converts to the new school. Among the 
earliest of these was Rev. Christian J. Becker, a minister of the gospel, who 
took up the study of medicine and became a successful homoeopathic prac- 
titioner. Another was Dr. Freytag, an old school physician of Bath, who 
soon found better results in homoeopathy, and afterward became an earnest 
worker in the academy project. In 1830 Dr. Romig dropped allopathy and 
took up the new system. But Wesselhoeft and Detwiller were the real leaders 
of the academy movement, and previous to 1830 the former furnished his 
associates with medicines brought from Germany, while Detwiller in the same 
year received a complete lil)rary of books on subjects pertaining to homoe- 
opathy. 

This little coterie of champions of homoeopathy gained valuable acqui- 
sitions to their number during the next few years, and on August 23, 1834, 
organized the " Homoeopathic Society of Northampton and Adjoining Coun- 
ties," with membership comprising Wesselhoeft. Freytag, Romig. Detwiller, 
Rev. Becker, Joseph H. Pulte. Adolph Bauer, J. C. Gosewisch. Rev. Wohl- 
farth, Gustav Reichhclm, Rev. John Helfrich and Rev. Mr. Waage. The 
object of the society was the advancement of homoeopathy among its members 
by the interchange of experience, and also mutual improvement in the study 
and introduction of the doctrines and practice of the homoeopathic healing 
art. 



HISTORY OF HOAiCEOPATHY 39 

In the meantime another figure appeared in the new school life in Penn- 
sylvania ; a figure destined ultimately to acquire fame in the homoeopathic 
medical world ; a champion, a challenger and a stalwart defender of its prin- 
ciples; a prover of wonderful ability, and a teacher of wide renown, than 
whom there was none greater or better in any department of medical science ; 
snd he was in quality and general worth in his chosen field the peer of Hahne- 
mann, yet his humble disciple and follower. In 1833 Dr. Constantine Hering 
came from Paramaribo, Surinam, South America, and settled in Philadelphia ; 
but his fame had preceded him and had already opened the way into the new 
fields of labor he was to enter. 

In the Allentown Academy enterprise, says a contemporary writer, Her- 
ing, " he who had compelled the molecule, the planet, and the lightning to 
stand and deliver their valuable secrets to his inquiring mind became the 
corner-stone around and upon which his associates and co-laborers clustered 
and leaned for support." The principal members of the Northampton society 
had felt the necessity of a school in which to teach pupils the new science and 
to fit them for its practice, and they appointed a committee to visit Hering 
in Philadelphia and confer with him on the establishment of such a school. 
P'rom this time Hering was the central figure of the project, its guiding spirit 
and firm supporter. The conference was held at his home in Philadelphia, 
December 30, 1833, and on January i, 1834, Hering's thirty-fifth birthday 
anniversary, a plan of organization was agreed upon for founding the North 
American Academy of the Homoeopathic Healing Art. to be located at Allen- 
town, with Hering as president of the corporation and leading instructor. 
The plan of the founders contemplated an act of incorporation by the legisla- 
ture of Pennsylvania and authority to confer degrees in medicine as provided 
by the laws of the commonwealth ; but they did not reckon upon opposition 
from existing schools and other equally powerful influences that lent them- 
selves to the determined attempt to defeat the bill. But such opposition did 
arise, and was of determined character, eventually resolving itself into a bitter 
persecution of homoeopathy and its exponents, and it was not until June 17. 
1836, that the act became a law. In the meantime, however, the founders had 
organized a stock company, raised funds, secured lands, and began the erec- 
tion of an academy building. The institution was established April 10. 1835. 
Hahnemann's birthday, and the cornerstone was laid with appropriate cere- 
mony on May 27 following, Hering being the principal orator of the occasion, 
and his subject, "A Few Words Concerning the Necessity and Usefulness 
of Homoeopathy." This being done, the friends of the enterprise addressed 
themselves to the legislature, representing, 

"That tlie members of n society formed to promote llie Medical Science of Ilomoe- 
opathia, and who have in the borough of Northampton, in the county of LeliiRh, erected 
smtable imildinps with a view to \i\\c instruction in the science aforesaid, on the 
success of wliirli m a i^reat measure depends that the newly discovered science be 
properly promulpated and empiricism in the same prevented, have applied to the Hont^r- 
ahle the I.<Ki^l;iture for an act of incorporation; your petitioners respectfully solicit 
that the prayer of said company be granted. " 

Tlicn followed the storm of (.|i|nisiti(iii that fur a time threatened the very 
life of homrcopathy in lV'r.nsylv;mia, l)Ut in the extremity of the hour the 
project fotmd new friiiids whose inlhienee prevailed with the legislative ix-twer 
and seeiir(>d (hi- p.issage of (he desired act, i-ntitlcd ' An \et to Incorporate 



40 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

the North American Academy of the Homoeopathic HeaHng Art," the pre- 
amble and enacting clause of which reads as follows : 

"IVIiereas, a number of persons have associated themselves and established an 
academy in the borough of Northampton, in the county of Lehigh, for instruction in the 
homoeopathic art of healing and its kindred sciences, who pray to be incorporated, there- 
fore, 

"Be it enacted, etc.. That Constantine Hering. the present president, John Romig, 
Jr., the vice-president, William Wesselhoeft, Eberhard Freytag, Henry Detwiller, Chris- 
tian J. Becker, John Rice, Christian Pretz, Joseph Saeger. George Keck, the present 
directors, Adolphus Bauer, the present treasurer, and Philip H. Goepp, Henry Ebner, 
J. V. R. Hunter, William Eckert and John J. Krause, together with all such other per- 
sons as are at present stockholders, agreeably to the constitution and fundamental articles 
thereof, be, and they hereby arc incorporated in a society by the name, style, and title 
of the "North American Academy of the Homoeopathic Healing f^r\,' and by that name 
shall have all the rights, powers and privileges incident by law to a corporation." 



'\ 



n 



^*^"|W 1 



MATMICULAI 



Dean. 



'Jims was brought into existence the first school of homoeopathic medical 
instruction in the world. The followers of Hahnemann had fought and won 
their first great battle on this side of the Atlantic, and that in the face of 
determined opposition. The charter gave the school a lease of life of twenty 
years ; authorized its corporation to acquire and hold real and personal prop- 
erty ; authorized the adoption of a seal, and authorized the award of diplomas 
and conferment of degrees in medicine in the same manner as in other schools. 
Indeed, all that had been asked for had been granted, and the academy entered 
upon its career with every promise of continued prosperity. As has been stated, 
all preliminaries had been settled before the charter was prayed for, and 
when it was granted all that was required was the designation of the faculty, 
which comprised Drs. Hering. Praeses, Wesselhoeft, Detwiller. Freytag and 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 41 

Romig, with the subsequent addition of Dr. J. H. Pulte, who afterward was 
instrumental in founding one of the most successful homceopathic medical col- 
leges in the land. 

The diploma of the so-called Allentown Academy meant something more 
than mere compliance with the requirement of law, and its possession was 
more than an empty honor. True, the school was short lived, and was soon 
abandoned, but from the beginning of its history its educational standard was 
of the highest order. The courses of instruction were given in German, a 
mistaken policy on the part of the founders, but a most natural procedure 
from the fact that the faculty and nearly all of the incorporators were of that 
nationality, and spoke little or no English ; but it was not the purpose of the 
corporation to make the school a sectarian institution other than homceopathic, 
although it was such in fact, and therefore students who had no understand- 
ing of German were not attracted to it. However, in the latter part of 1836 
Hahnemann's " Organon " and Jahr's " Manual " were translated into Eng- 
lish, and published. A weekly periodical in German was published by the 
academy on medical, surgical and obstetrical subjects, embracing observations 
in and experiences from practice, etc.. under the title " Correspondenzblatt 
der Nord Americanischen Academy der Homoeopatischen Heilkunst," also 
" Archiv Zettel." All these literary labors were chiefly the work of Hering, 
the heart and soul of the institution. 

In 1836 Dr. Detwiller visited Europe in the interest of the academy, and 
while he was cordially received and hospitably entertained, he was given little 
else than kindly advice and moral support. At that time the school needed 
more than encouragement, but the actual cause of its downfall within six 
years after it was founded was the failure of the Allentown bank in which 
its funds were deposited, and as a result the assets of the school were swept 
away and the buildings were sold to satisfy a mortgage of nine thousand dol- 
lars. Dr. A\'esselhoeft strove for several years but in vain to sustain the 
school, but with his removal to Boston in 1842, the other faculty members 
ceased their lalx)rs. The last meeting of the stockholders was held June 14, 
1843, for t^ic purpose of electing a board of directors, and Dr. Ilcring. wlio 
had removed to Philadelphia, was chosen president ; John Roniig. vice-presi- 
dent ; J. Christian P)ecker, secretary ; Peter Huber, treasurer ; Henry Detwiller. 
corresponding secretary: and Drs. Philip H. Goepp. John Rice, Henry Ebner, 
Joseph Saeger, Henry Floto. John Helfrich, and \\'illiam ^\'esselhoeft, mem- 
bers of the board. 

The first honorary member elected was Dr. Sanuiel Hahnemann, and the 
date April 10, 1835. The students of the academy during its active existence 
were Adolph Bauer. J. G. Schniidt, G. Reichhelm. J. C. t^osewisch, t'harles 
Haeseler. Major Fehrenthal. J. Geist, Edwanl Caspari, Adolph Caspari. 
Adolph Lippe and IT. Okie. The examinations by the faculty bet\>re graiUiiig 
diplomas were searching and stringent. The facultv members were grailuatos 
of the German universities and examined students as they themselves had 
been examined at home ; and many who offered themselves as candidates for 
the diploma were rejected as incapable. Those who took the prescriheti courses 
and received the diploma of the Allentown school were C'onstantine Hering. 
Willirun Wesselhoi-ft. John Rimiig. Henry Detwiller, Charles Xeiiihard, Geori;o 
H. B.ute, Maiming B. Roche, \dolph T.ippe. Wilhelm Schmoele, J. C tn^se- 
wisch, .Adolph I'.aner, P. M. W'ahle (honorary'). Georije II. G. Jalir. Henry 



42 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

Floto, Charles Haesler, H. Okie, and a special diploma to IMadame Hahne- 
mann. 

Notwithstanding its untimely and unfortunate end the old Allentown 
Academy fulfilled an important mission in homoeopathic medical instruction. 
The venture itself was a failure, but out of its wreck there evolved a senti- 
ment in favor of an institution in which the doctrines of homoeopathy should 
be taught in all their purity and strength. Two years after the academy closed 
its doors the homoeopathic physicians of the country organized the American 
Institute of Homoeopathy, the cardinal principles of which were the reforma-: 
tion and augmentation of the materia medica, and the restraining of physicians 
from pretending to be competent to practice homoeopathy, who had not studied 
it in a careful and skillful manner. In the course of a few vears the institute 
began discussing the subject of a school of homoeopathic instruction, and in 
1845 the " Homoeopathic Pioneer " published a strong editorial on " The Im- 
portance of a Homoeopathic School," and followed it with another article 
which contained suggestions to those who contemplated the establishment of a 
homoeopathic medical college. The dominant school of medicine, however, 
was not uninformed concerning this movement in homoeopathic circles, and 
at once had recourse to various means — not always honorable — to defeat the 
project to establish a college whose principles were not in accord with their 
own. In 1846 a national convention of allopathic physicians was assembled, 
and in 1848 resolved itself into the American Medical Association, which in 
the latter year declared that existing schools must not accept medical students 
on the certificate of physicians other than of the so-called regular profession, 
and the followers of Hahnemann were held to be decidedly irregular. 

The undisguised purpose of this action on the part of the dominant school 
was to deny to students an education in and diploma from the existing col- 
leges, if the matriculant had pursued his elementary studies under homoeo- 
pathic preceptorship, or if he proposed to practice according to Hahncmannian 
principles after graduation. Therefore, when the medical colleges began to 
enforce the resolutions of the association, the authority of which was supreme 
and arbitrary, it became plain to the American homoeopaths that a medical 
college in which the principles of their school could be taught was an absolute 
necessity, and it devolved upon Constantine Hering, Jacob Jeanes and \\'alter 
Williamson to work out a solution of the problem. Hering had been con- 
cerned in the Allentown Academy enterprise, but there were some, things 
in connection with the operation of that school which were not in accord with 
his advanced views of homoeopathy and medical instruction under its prin- 
ciples ; but his experience there was to be of serivce in laying the foundation 
of the institution he and his associates were about to establish in the city of 
Philadelphia. 

The three men of courage who undertook the accomplishment of this 
great work were those whose names have been noted — Hering, Jeanes and 
Williamson — to whom Dr. Dudley refers in one of his literary contributions as 
follows : 

" We can almost picture to ourselves their appearance as they sat in that 
council of destiny. Hering. forty-eight years of age ; Jeanes, forty-seven ; 
Williamson, thirty-seven : all past the reckless enthusiasm of youth and in 
the full vigor of ripe and matured manhood ; the German scholar, the Phila- 
delphia Quaker, and the descendant of the Pennsylvania pioneer ; unlike, yet 
strong, tvpical. representative: each supporting and supplementing the others, 



HISTORY OF HO:\ICEOPATHY 43 

they sit with thoughtful brow and firm set lip and unflinching purpose, as if 
they knew of the toil, the anxiety and the self-sacrifice which their act in- 
volved; but knew also that from it should spring the only safety for medical 
progress, the only guarantee for medical thought and liberty of medical con- 
science, to their age and to ages to come." 

The meeting of these worthies whom Dr. Dudley described was held at 
the house of Dr. Jeanes in February, 1848, and it was then determined to 
petition the legislature for an act of incorporation during the session then in 
progress. The application was made in due form, and was indorsed and 



1 lomcx^opathic Mcdic 



OF- PEisTisrs-vr.'/ 



signed by hundreds of hunueopaths and friends of the school. A bill was 
drawn and prcsente<l. but at one time was threatened with ilefoat on account 
of thr (»p])Ositi<)n of the dominant sdiool. and only through the prompt and 
vigorous action of C'ongressinan Charles r.rown was it saved. It was pas.<iod 
by the house, I-Vbruary 12. by the senate .\pril 5. an»l was approved h\ Gov- 
ernor Shunk, April S. 1S4S. The act ineorporatetl tlie tirst rei^uiar homu'- 
opathic nii'dieal eolUi^e in the world, lunee is pinper to be reproiliiced in this 
place : 



44 HIST(3RY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

Act to Incorporate the Homoeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania in Phila- 
delphia : 

Sec. I. Be it enacted, etc.: That John B. Myers, Anson V. Parsons, Edwin Lewis, 
Daniel Deal, Edward M. Davis, Charles Neidhard, James M. Broom, Henry J. Boiler, 
Joseph N. Withers. William H. Moore, Henry P. Lloyd, William Rhoads, Alfred B. 
Justice, Thomas Mott. Edwin Greblc, William C. Milligan, Thomas K. Peterson, Waltei 
Williamson, John N. Patten, Samuel Frecdlcy. James Kitchen, Caleb B. Matthews, Walter 
Ward. William P. Esrey, Edward M. Smith, Samuel R. Dubbs, John G. Peterson, Coburn 
Whitehead, Stillwell S. Bishop, Joseph Bercns, Joseph B. Myers, William C. Mcintosh, 
Robert V. Massey, Edmund Deacon, William H. Love, Charles Keen, John C. DaCosta, 
John M. Kennedy, Isaac S. Waterman, Joseph Jeanes, John Riehle, Joseph Lea, Charles 
Brown, George Peterson, Wiljiam J. Wainwright, McPiierson Saunders, Jacob Jeanes, 
Jacob Snider, Jr., Thomas S. Cavender, William Geisse, Joseph L. Hallowell, Alfred A. 
Carter, Isaac R. Davis. Constantine Hering. Richard Gardiner, William A. Gardiner, 
William S. Helmuth, Francis Sims, Richard M. Taylor, Benjamin R. Miller, Fred A, 
Sower, George Piper, Timothy Ives, and their associates and successors, be and they 
are hereby made and created a body politic and incorporate in law and in fact, by the 
name and style of the " Homoeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia," 
and by the same name shall have perpetual succession, and may sue and be sued, have a 
common seal, purchase and hold and convey all lands and tenements, moneys, goods, 
chattels and efifects, make all by-laws necessary or proper for the uses of a medical college 
and immediately connected therewith, not contrary to the laws and constitution of the 
commonwealth, and do all and every other matter and thing for the purposes of this 
act which any corporation or body politic may or can do : Provided, that said corpora- 
tion shall hold no more real estate than the buildings and fixtures necessary for a course 
of medical instruction. 

Sec. 2. Said corporation shall have power to elect such officers as may be necessary 
for the administration thereof, and to enact by-laws for the government, admission and 
expulsion of members. 

Sec. 3. Said college shall have power to grant the degree of doctor of homoeopathic 
medicine to any such person as shall have attended two courses of medical lectures, and 
completed a course of study, and possess the qualifications now usually required of candi- 
dates for the degree of doctor of medicine in other medical colleges in this state, and 
also a knowledge of homoeopathy. 

Sec. 4. The legislature may at any time alter, amend, or repeal the privileges hereby 
granted. 

A regular college of homceopathy was authorized under the provisions of 
this act, and not an academic school for instruction in the homoeopathic heal- 
ing art. Nominally, there was little difference in the character of the schools. 
but in reality the college corporation was vested with all the powers possible 
to be conferred by law upon institutions of its character. All that Hering, 
Jeanes and Williamson sought for had now been secured, and their victory 
was even greater than that won by Hering, Detwiller and Wesselhoeft when 
the Allentown Academy was chartered nearly fifteen years before. On April 
10, 1848, Hahnemann's birthday, two days after the act of incorporation had 
received the executive sanction, the incorporators held their first meeting; per- 
fected an organization, appointed a committee to prepare a constitution for 
the government of their body, and made preparations for opening the school 
in the fall of that year. The first course of lectures was announced to begin 
October 16, in a building in rear of 229 Arch street, which previously had 
been used as a private school and also as a meeting place for the New Jeru- 
salem (Swedenborgian) church. But in the meantime many things had been 
done by the trustees to place the college on a stibstantial basis in the very 
•beginning of its history. The work of constructing the faculty received first 
attention, in connection with which it was determined to open a dispensary 
and establish a clinical department ; but in the faculty there were some changes 
before the session began, and the name of Hering does not appear on the 



HISTORY OF HOMGiOPATHY 45 

roll. He was elected to the chair of materia niedica, but resigned soon after- 
ward, and not until the announcement of 1864-65 is his name found in con- 
nection with the teaching corps. To all outward appearances harmony pre- 
vailed in the affairs of the incorporators, but in fact all was not peace in the 
innermost councils of that body. Nevertheless, after some sharp action and 
the manifestation of a little conciliatory spirit, the college opened its first 
session with nine professorships, two of which were not then filled. The first 
announcement was a modest circular, as follows : 

HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICAL COLLEGE OF PENNSYLVANIA. 

College Building, located in rear of 229 Arch St., Philadelphia. 

Preliminary Instructions will commence on Monday, the i6th day of October, 1848. 
The Regular Course will begin on Monday, the 6th day of November, and continue 
until the ist of March ensuing. 

Jacob Jeanes, M. D., Professor of Principles and Practice of Medicine. 
Caleb B. Alatthews, M. D., Professor of Materia Medica. 

Walter Williamson, M. D., Professor of Midwifery and the Diseases of Women and 
Children. 

Francis Sims. M. D., Professor of Surgery. 
Samuel Freedlcy, M. D., Professor of Botany. 
Matthew Semple, M. D., Professor of Chemistry. 
William A. Gardiner, M. D., Professor of Anatomy. 
The Chairs of Physiology and Pathology remain to be filled. 
Clinical Instruction in Medicine and Surgery will be given at the College. 
Lectures will be delivered throughout the year, but the winter course only will be 
obligatory^ — attendance on the summer course being at the option of the student. 

Standard works on Homoeopathy and such books as are used in other medical schools 
can be used as text-books. 

Students who have attended a full course of lectures in another medical school can, 
after attending the winter course of this college, graduate next spring if their attainments 
justify it. 

Fee for a Full Course $100.00 

Practical Anatomy 10.00 

Graduation Fee .30.00 

W. WllLI.\MSON, M. D.. 
Dean of the Facultv, 
No. 80 North Eleventh St., Pl'iila. 

On Monday, October 16, 1848, the introductory lecture was delivered in 
the college building to an assemblage of ladies and gentlemen, and before 
the first class of fifteen students, the latter comprising John G. Schultz. Henry 
F. Davis, D. R. Luyties, Frederic Humphrevs, Sanuiel O. Scudder, Nathan 
S. Englc, Joseph K. Clark, J. Loxley Khees, JC. Bentley Hall. M. 1).. John L. 
Jahvcns, Daniel R. Gardiner, FVederic Shock, J. H. P. h'rost. Thomas S. 
Rodman, M. 1)., and Charles G. Raue. After this, says Bradford, lectures 
were regularly given according to a prepared roster, and the homceopaths 
of the United States could give their students a legal diploma entirely inde- 
pendent of the existing .schools of medicine. For this now ct.>llogo was 
cquiiJ])cd to teach all tlie branches df a medical education as ciMuplotelv as 
any college of that time, with tln' i\coption of practical clinical work, which 
was not yet ostablishod ; and in inidilion students could ])o groiindoil care- 
fully in tlio now medical I'ailh and properly taught (he i)rinciplos of llaluie- 
mann. The first commonoomont oxiTcisi-s wt-re luld .March 15. 1841), ami 
the degroe of the college was conl'onod by (lu- president tui six graihialos wl>o 
had already atti-ndod loctmcs in other schools and wi-ro foiuid proticiont in 
the several subjicls on wbicb tlu\ were oxamiiutl. '\'\\c candidates who first 



46 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

received the degree of " Doctor of Homoeopathic Medicine " from this the 
first homoeopathic medical college in the world were Joseph K. Clark, of 
Massachusetts; Henry F. Davis, of Ohio; Nathan S. Engle, of New Jersey; 
Daniel E. Gardiner, of Pennsylvania ; E. Bentley Hall, of New Jersey ; and 
Samuel O. Scudder, of New York. The diplomas were in English, and were 
signed by the nine professors. 

Now the purpose of the three founders had been fulfilled, but Hering, 
the chiefest among them, did not share with his old associates the full satis- 
faction of the achievement, although he was hardly less pleased with the 
result. The successful establishment of a homoeopathic school was indeed an 
event of importance in the medical world and naturally called forth congratu- 
latory editorials from the publishers of homoeopathic journals, both in this 
country and in Europe; but on this subject the organs of the allopathic school 
maintained discreet silence. 

In September, 1849, the college was removed from the old rear building 
on lower Arch street to more desirable quarters on Filbert street, between 
Eleventh and Twelfth streets. In the new location the second session opened 
under favorable conditions, and it was evident that physically, as well as 
from an educational standpoint, the school was rapidly " coming to the front." 
There were some changes in the faculty, but the rolls showed fifty-five matri- 
culants for the session. The managers had at this time adopted several new 
regulations and advanced the standard of requirement of students, both as 
to qualification at the time of matriculation and as pre-requisite to the diploma. 
For the third session the number of students had increased to seventy, and 
during that year it was found that the assets warranted a division of the sur- 
plus moneys among the faculty members. At the beginning of the fourth 
session ninety-three students were enrolled, and at its close in ^vlarch, 1852, 
thirty-one diplomas in medicine were awarded. 

The college had now been in operation four years, had been successful, 
and both trustees and faculty were encouraged to still greater endeavors in 
its behalf. The subject of a hospital for clinical instruction had been pre- 
viously discussed, but now the time had come when such an auxiliary depart- 
ment was to be established. It was felt that the progress of the school war- 
ranted such a step ; the experimental stage had been passed, and the addition 
of a well equipped hospital met with popular approval. In the announcement 
for 1852-53 assurance was given that students would be furnished opportunity 
to " witness clinical practice in the dispensary connected with the college, 
and also in the hospital which is about going into operation." As a matter of 
fact a charter for the homoeopathic hospital corporation was secured from the 
legislature in 1850, and a building for that purpose was opened in 1852; but 
its subsequent history was not continuous. This subject, however, will be 
more fully treated in a subsequent part of this chapter, and such mention as 
is made at this time is to show that the trustees were alive to the interests 
•of the college; and while the school was hardly on a paying basis they were 
'willing to inaugurate new measures for its welfare. 

During the next several years the affairs of the college progressed steadily, 
and much good was accomplished in the cause of medical education. Other 
similar colleges were coming into existence and drew somewhat upon the 
strength of this school ; and during the period under consideration an attempt 
was made to found another homeopathic school in Philadelphia, but no ma- 
terial results were accomplished in tliat direction. However, both Hering and 



HISTORY OF HO-MCEOPATHY 



47 



Lippe gave three lectures weekly at their homes, and in connection with their 
professional work published the " Homoeopathic News," in which w^as adver- 
tised their courses. Their classes were frequently attended by students of the 
college, but it cannot be said that the '" Independent Medicar School " was in 
any sense the rival of the college Hering had been instrumental in founding. 
In 1855 the corporation purchased a building and premises on Filbert 
street, paying therefor part of the purchase price in cash and encumbering 
the property for the balance. A few years later this indebtedness occasioned 
some embarrassment and was in part the cause of a breech in the friendlv 
relations of the trustees and the faculty, for the latter were not pleased with 
the idea of releasing their pay that the debt might be satisfied. There were 




\V:iltor Williamson. M.D. 

Other matters, too. that Kd to a disturlKd Icvling. among which was tin- gen- 
erally depressed conditions in business and financial circles during tiio voars 
preceding the outbreak of the civil war. As Dr. Bradford savs in treating 
of the history of the college for the years i85S-(h). " there .seems to liave beeii 
a sort ()f go-as-y(Ju-please method in regard" to the admission of students." a 
condition which grew out of an attempt to keep the schwl self-supporting. 
True, the corj)oration was in need of funds, and in the .several endeav^^rs to 
raise money expedients were resorted to. one of which was to retain a part 
of the faculty fees and in lieu thereof t«) issue to each i)rofess*>r an e(|ual 
nmount of corpoi.ition scrip. The proposition was not acceptable, and resulted 



48 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

in refusals, resignations and complications which finally led the trustees after 
the session of 1859-60 to vacate all the faculty chairs. 

Out of the complications engendered by the dissolution of the faculty body 
grew the New York Homoeopathic Medical College, which former Professor 
Jacob Beakley of the parent school was instrumental in founding in the city 
of New York. During the summer vacation in i860 the board of managers 
representing the corporation of the Homteopathic Medical College of Penn- 
sylvania reorganized the faculty of that institution and then laid down specific 
regulations for the future administration of its afifairs, the receipt and dis- 
bursement of its moneys, and presented them to the faculty for consideration : 
and on their part the members of the new faculty prepared a series of resolu- 
tions in which they as joint participants in the profits or losses of the school 
set forth the material respects in which they claimed the right to representa- 
tion on the committees provided for by the trustees' resolution. There appears 
to have been an entire unanimity of sentiment in the respective bodies, for the 
rec[uirements of each were readily accepted by the other, and the next session 
opened with promise of renewed prosperity, with mutual benefit to those who 
joined in the compact; and matters did progress with a reasonable degree of 
satisfaction until about the end of the session of 1864-65, when new and more 
serious difficulties arose, and those who held stock in the corporation and con- 
trolled it applied to the legislature and secured a new charter, entitled " An 
Act to Incorporate the Homoeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania," 
under the provisions of which a radical reorganization of the former body 
corporate was effected. The enacting clause declared 

"That John M. Kennedy, John P. Brock, Alfred R. Potter, Nicholas E. Thouron, 
Henry Homer, Henry E. Keene, George Burnham, Samuel Anderson, Joseph Grubb, 
Amos B. Keith, Louis C. Maderia, S. Rodman Morgan, William Colder and S. T. Charl- 
ton, and their associates and successors, be and they are hereby created and erected into 
a body politic and corporate in fact and in law, by the name and style of the Homoeopathic 
Medical College of Pennsylvania, to be located in the city of Philadelphia, and by that 
name shall have perpetual succession, shall be able to sue and liable to be sued, shall have 
a common seal, shall be capable in law or equity to take, purchase and hold and gram 
and convey lands, tenements, moneys, goods, chattels and efTects, shall have power and 
authority to make all by-laws necessary or proper for the government and uses of a 
Medical College, and for the government of the hospital hereinafter mentioned, not con- 
trary to the constitution and laws of the United .States and of this Commonwealth; and 
shall have full power to do all and every other matter and thing for the purposes of 
this act, which any corporation or body politic may or can do, provided, that the said 
corporation shall not hold more real estate than may be necessary and proper for the 
uses, benefit and support of a Medical College and the Hospital hereinafter authorized 
to be by said corporation erected or provided and established." 

The second and third sections of the act provided for the officers of the 
corporation, authorized the enactment of by-laws for the government, admis- 
sion and expulsion of members and pupils, authorized a capital stock of $60,000 
in shares of $20 each, and also* empowered the corporation to borrow moneys 
for its purposes and pledge the property for its payment. Section 4 was 
important in character in that it gave power to grant the degree of doctor of 
medicine, " and especially of Homoeopathic Medicine," to any such person as 
shall have attended two courses of medical lectures and completed a course 
of study, and possess the rjualifications usually re(|uired of candidates for the 
degree of doctor of medicine in other medical colleges in the state, " and 
also a knowledge of Iloma-opathy." Section 5 provided that "said corpora- 
tion shall have full power and authority to raise, by loan or otherwise, a sum 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 49 

not exceeding $50,000, and to expend the same in the purchase of a lot or 
lots of ground in said city, and the erection thereon of a suitable building 
for a hospital, or to purchase and rent such building for said hospital, and the 
said hospital shall be under the government of the said medical college. 

Whatever may have been the motive of those of the former corporation 
who were foremost in securing the new charter, the action brought into exist- 
ence a medical college with powers and authority as full and complete as 
were possessed by any similar institution in the state. Indeed, full provision 
was made for both college and hospital, and also a form of government by 
trustees chosen annually by the stockholders, the latter having voice in the 
councils of the corporation in proportion to the shares of stock held by each. 
The condition thus established was somewhat unusual, and is described by 
Dr. Dudley : " Heretofore the trustees were elected by the corporators ; upon 
the new plan the stockholders were to elect, at their annual meeting, a board 
of trustees to serve one year, and these trustees elected a faculty to serve one 
year; " and further, " It will be seen that the controlling power resided in 
the stockholders, and if by chance the majority of stock should be owned by 
one individual, he could govern the affairs according to his individual dictum. 
This reallv became the case, and as a matter of course the prosperity and 
usefulness of the college at once began to decline." 

On the reorganization of the faculty under the new charter Dr. Hering 
again became a factor in the history of the college. Indeed, his heart always 
was in the school and his absence from its lecture courses was not wholly 
of his own volition ; his personal pride and regard for the higher professional 
life compelled him to decline service in a faculty chair. In certain material 
respects his conception of the highest and purest purposes of the college were 
at variance with the views of those in control, and his own convictions of 
right were so firmly a part of his mental self that he could not subordinate 
principle to expediency. In the beginning he had set up a high standard of 
excellence for the school, and maintained it as long as possible, and when 
other influences worked themselves into dominant authority over him, he 
quietly withdrew to private professional life. But now his name again ap- 
peared on the faculty roll for the session of 1864-65 as incumbent of the chair 
of homcEopathic institutes and practice of medicine. 

Under the order of things established by the reincorporation the college 
entered upon a new era in its history, but before the close of the third session 
troulilc again arose and spread dissentions throughout the faculty body and 
also involved the trustees in dispute. On this point Dr. Dudley's narrative 
says: "After the close of the session of 1866 and 1867 there was a mani- 
festation of an individual dictum on the part of the controlK-r of the stivks. 
which did not meet the views of the majority of the faculty. When this 
reached the ])oint of abolishing the chair of diagnosis and special patliology, 
then I )r. Ilt-riiig resigned, and ix't'uscd to remain in the service of the col- 
lege." 

Dr. Bradford's vii-w of the situation is more radical. He says: "As 
may be remembered, the new charter really made the institution a .sort of 
joint stock coni])any, in which the person holding the majority of the stix'k 
could control the entire college. .\t the close of the session of i8("y'>-(>7. Dr. 
Adolph l.ippe thus held tin- ruling power and most of the stock, and c«Mi!d 
virturdl\ tunlrol the d'-stinii-s of the college, .\fter the cK^si' of the sessi»M) 
he said lh:U the chair <if jiatliojogy and diagnostics was uiniecossary, that it 



50 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



was contrary to pure homoeopathy, that the homoeopathic physician did not 
need pathology, but only the power to prescribe according to the methods of 
Hahnemann from the totality of symptoms. But when it came to a question 
of overthrowing the chair of Dr. Hering's -bosom friend, Dr. Raue, of cutting 
off the very necessary study of pathology and diagnostics from the students, 
Dr. Hering said : *" No, I will leave the college if Dr. Lippe is to have his 
own autocratic wav in this matter," etc. 





no M fhlil'AT 11 ir nOSl'ITAl- or J'EN.NSYhVAMA. 



Whatever the cause of the dissention, the difficulty proved serious and 
resulted in the withdrawal of Dr. Hering and others and a division of the 
faculty, and ultimately led to an end of the school under its original distin- 
guishing name. Earnest efforts were made to compromise the differences, 
but without avail, and those who withdrew ])rocccded under the leadership of 
Dr. Hering to establish another homoeopathic medical college in Philadelphia. 
In the existing school, however, a new faculty was chosen, and the next ses- 
sion opened as usual ; but the effects of the recent contention were still felt, 
and it became evident that a dissolution of the school would follow unless 
the conflicting elements of the now two rival colleges could be harmonized. 
Efforts in that direction were already being made by friends of homoeopathy, 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 51 

without regard to personal interests, and the session of 1868-69 '^^'^s the last 
in the history of the Homoeopathic Aledical College of Pennsylvania under 
that name. The institution, however, did not entirely lose its identity, and 
did not cease to exist; on the contrary, after the elimination of some of the 
offending elements, it consolidated with the rival school, then two years old, 
known then as afterward even to this day as the Hahnemann Medical College 
of Philadelphia, which is recognized as the mother college of homoeopathy in 
the world. 

During the latter part of the last session of the old school, Dr. Lippe 
resigned the chair of materia medica, which was a virtual withdrawal on his 
part from further connection with the institution ; and his stock interests 
were transferred to Henry N. Guernsey, M. D., who in turn, and by previous 
arrangement to which Lippe was not a party, assigned the stock, amounting 
to one hundred and eighty-five shares, to Dr. Constantine Hering. By this 
means the merger or consolidation was effected, and then ended the nominal 
existence of the. Homoeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania. 

The foregoing is at best only a brief account of the history of the first 
homoeopathic medical college in America, itself the indirect outgrowth of 
the first institution of medical learning of that school in the world. A proper 
narrative of its history in detail belongs to a volume, and has been made the 
subject of extended mention by Dr. Thomas Lindsley Bradford, and by other 
contemporary writers. During the period of its existence there was asso- 
ciated with its life some of the most eminent practitioners and teachers of 
homoeopathy in America, whose names alone gave it added character and 
worth with the profession throughout the world. Their chief relation to the 
college was that of member of the faculty, in which capacity many of them 
won fame ; therefore their names at least are proper to be mentioned in this 
place. The appended list may be regarded as an accurate roster of the faculty 
of the Homoeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania during the period of 
its existence under that name. It may be assumed that incumbents of chairs 
were professors, and that each was an " M. D.," unless otherwise indicated : 

1848-49. Jacob Jeanes, Princ. and Prac. of Med.; Caleb B. Matthews, Mat. Med.; Walter 

Williamson, Midw. and Dis. of Worn, and Chil. ; Francis Sims, Surgy. ; Samuel 

I'ri'fdlcy, Rot.; Matthew Semple, Chem.; William A. Gardiner, .\nat. ; .\lvan E. 

.Small, Physiol, and Pathol. 
1849-50. Caleb B. Matthews, Mat. Med. and Thera. ; William S. Helmuth, Homo. Insts. 

and Prac. of Med. ; Samuel Frcedley, Bot. and Med. Juris. ; Charles Neidhard. 

Clin. Med.; Walter Williamson, Obstet. and Dis. of Wo. and Ch. ; Alvan E. Sniall. 

Physiol, and Pathol.; Matthew Semple, Cheni. and Tox. ; Francis Sims, Surjjy. ; 

William A. Gardiner, Anat. 
1850-51 and 1851-52, Cakh B. Matthews. Mat. Med. and Thera.; William S. Hehiuith, 

Homo. Insls. and I'rac. of Med.; Samuel Freedley, Bot. and Med. Juris.; Charles 

Neidhard, Clin. Med.; Walter Williamson, Obstet. and Dis. of Wom. and Ch. ; 

Alvan E. Small, Physiol, and Pathol.; Matthew Semple, Chem. and To.\. ; Francis 

Sims, SiURy. ; William A. Gardiner, Anat. 
1852-53. William S. Hehmnh, Homo. Insts., Path., and Prac. of Med.; Walter William- 

son. Mat. Med. and Thera.; J. G. Loomis, Obstet. and Dis. of Worn, and Ch. ; 

A. E. Small, Physiol, and Med. Juris.; Matthew .*^eIuple, Chem, and Tox.; Fr.mcis 

Sims, .Surgy.; William A. Gardiner, Anat. 
185.3-54, Waller Williamson, Mat. Med, and Thera.; Joseph G l.oomis tdieil (.Vt -S, 

1853) ; Isaac M. Ward, Obstet. and Dis. of Worn, and Ch, ; ,\Ivan I-:. Small, Phy>it>l, 

and Meil, Juris.; Mallhew Sem|>le, Chem. and 'Vo\.; bVederick Hiunphrev, lltuuo, 

Insls., I'allinl, ;iml l'r:u- ul .\Ied. ; Jact.b Be.iklev, Snivjv ; Wiili.nu A li.nduier. 

Anat. 



52 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

1854-55. Walter Williamson, Mat. ]\Ied. and Thera. ; Frederick Humphrey, Homo. Insts., 

Path., and Prac. of Med.; Isaac M. Ward, Obstet. and Dis. of Wom. and Chil. ; 

Alvan E. Small, Physiil. and Med. Juris.; Matthew Semple, Chem. and Tox. ; 

Jacob Beaklev, Surgy. ; William A. Gardiner, Anat. 
1855-56. Walter W^'illiamson, Emer. Prof. Clin. Med.; J. P. Dake, Mat. Med. and Thera.; 

Alvan E. Small, Homo. Insts., Pathol., and Prac. of Med.; Isaac M. Ward, Obs. 

and Dis. of Wom. and Chil. ; William A. Reed, Physiol, and Med. Juris. ; Matthew 

Semple, Chem. and Tox. ; Jacob Beakley, Surt^y. ; William A. Gardiner, Anat. 
1856-57. Walter W' illiamson, Emcr. "Prof. Clin. Med. ; J. P. Dake. Mat. Med. and Thera. ; 

Isaac M. Ward, Obs. and Med. Juris.; Alvan E. Small. Homo. Insts., Path., and 

Prac. of Med.; William A. Reed. Physiol.; Matthew Semple, Chem. and Tox.; 

Jacob Beakley, Surgy. ; William A. Gardiner (resigned); William Tod Helmuth, 

Anat. 
1857-58. C. J. Hemple, Mat. Med. and Thera.; J. R. Coxe, Jr., Homo. Insts., Pathol., 

and Prac. of Med. ; Walter Williamson, Obs., Dis. of Worn, and Chil, and Med. 

Juris.; Matthew Semple, Chem. and Tox.; Jacob Beakley, Surgy.; W". A. Reed, 

Physiol.; W. Tod Helmuth, Anat. 
1858-59. Walter Williamson, Obs. and Dis. of W^om. and Chil., and ]\Ied. Juris. ; Jacob 

Beakley, Surgy.; Wm. A. Reed, Physiol.; Charles Julius Hemple, Mat. Med. and 

Thera.; John Redman Coxe, Jr., Homo. Insts., Pathol., and Prac. of Med.; Thomas 

Moore, Anat. ; A. H. Flanders, Chem. and Tox. 
1859-60. Charles Julius Hemple. Mat. ]\Ied. and Thera.; Thomas IVIoore, Anat.; Matthew 

Semple, Chem. and Tox. ; W. A. Reed, Physiol. ; John R. Coxe, Jr.. Homo. Insts., 

Path., and Prac. of Med.; Isaac M. Ward, Obs. and Dis. of W'om. and Ch.; 

Jacob Beakley, Surgy. 
1860-61. Matthew Semple. Chem. and Tox. ; W. A. Gardiner, Surgy. ; Silas S. Brooks, 

Homo. Insts. and Prac. of Med.; George R. Starkey, Anat.; A. H. Ashton 

(resigned); Thomas Moore, Obs. and Dis. of Wom. and Chil.; J. K. Lee, Mat. 

Med. and Thera. ; O. B. Cause, Physiol, and Path. 
1861-62. IMatthew Semple, Chem. and Tox.; W. A. Gardiner, Surgy.; Silas S. Brooks, 

Homo. Insts. and Prac. of Med. ; George R. Starkey. Anat. ; Henry N. Geurnsey, 

Obs. and Dis. of Wom. and Chil.; J. K. Lee, Mat. Med. and Thera.; O. B. Cause, 

Physiol, and Pathol. 
1862-63. Matthew Semple, Chem. and Tox.; Silas S. Brooks, Homo. Insts. and Prac. 

of Med.; J. K. Lee. Mat. Med., Pharm., and Thera.; O. B. Cause. Physiol, and 

Path. ; George R. Starkey, Surgy. ; Henry N. Guernsey, Obs. and Dis. of Wom. 

and Chil.; P. S. Hitchens, Anat. 
1863-64. Silas S. Brooks. Homo. Insts. and Prac. of Med. ; O. B. Cause, Physiol, and 

Path. ; George R. Starkey, Surgy. ; H. N. Guernsey, Obs. and Dis. of Wom. and 

Chil.; Peter S. Hitchens, Anat.: Charles Heerman, Mat. Med. and Thera.; Lemuel 

Stephens, Chem. and Tox. 
1864-65. Constantine Hering, Homo. Insts. and Prac. of INIed. ; Adolph Lippe, Mat. Med. 

and Thera. ; Charles G. Raue, Spec. Path, and Diagnosis ; H. N. Guernsey, Obs. 

and Dis. of Wom. and Ch. ; George R. Starkey, Surgy.; Pusey Wilson, Anat.; 

Charles Heerman. Physiol.; Lemuel Stephens, Chem. and Tox. 
1865-66. Constantine Hering, Homo. Insts. and Prac. of Med. ; Adolph Lippe, Mat. 

Med. and Thera.; H. N. Guernsey, Obs. and Dis. of W^om. and Chil.; Charles G. 

Raue, Diag. and Spec. Pathol.; Pusey Wilson, Surgy.; John C. Morgan, Anat.; 

J. H. P. Frost. Physiol. ; Lemuel Stephens, Chem. and Tox. 
1866-67. Constantine Hering, Insts. and Prac; Ad. Lippe, Mat. Med.; H. N. Guernsey, 

Obs. and Dis. of Wom. and Chil. ; Charles G. Raue, Spec. Path, and Diagn. ; George 

F. Foote, Surgy. ; John C. Morgan, Anat. ; J. II. P. Frost, Physiol. ; Lemuel 

Stephens, Chem. 
1867-68. Constantino Hering (declined to accept), Insts. and Prac; Ad. Lippe, Tnst.s. 

and Prac; H. N. Guernsey, Obs. and Dis. of Wom. and Chil.; George F. Foote, 

Surgy.; Lemuel Stephens (resigned), Chem.; W. L. Arrowsmith (resigned); 

E. G. Dalton, Anat.; Henrv Noah Martin (resigned), Physiol. (Before the 

session began Drs. Morgan. Arrowsmith and Percival resigned their faculty 

chairs. Dr. Pemberton Dudley was appointed in place of Dr. Percival in the 

chair of Chemistry. The reorganized faculty was thus constituted : A. R. Morgan, 

In'its. and Prac of Med. Pathol., and Diatrnos. ; Ad. Lippe. Mat. IMed. ; H. N. 

Guernsey, Obs. and Dis. of Wom. and Chil. ; George F. Foote, Surgy. ; W. L 



HISTORY OF HOMCROPATHY 53 

Arrowsmith, Anat. ; J. H. Frost, Physiol.; George G. Percival, Chem. During 
the summer the faculty v. as again reorganized as follows: Malcolm Macfarlan in 
place of Foote in the chair of surgery; R. J. McClatchey, vice Arrowsmith, in the 
chair of anatomy; Arrowsmith, vice Frost, in the chair of physiology, and Dr. 
Frost was elected to the chair of general pathology.) 
1868-69. Adolph Lippe, Mat. Med. and Thera. ; A. R. Morgan, Homo. Insts., Spec. 
Path., and Prac. of !Med. : Henry X. Guernsey, Obs. and Dis. of Worn, and Chil. ; 
William L. Arrowsmith, Ph.ysiol. and Gen. Path.; Malcolm Macfarlan, Surg}-, and 
Surg. Pathol.; Robert J. ^McClatchey, Anat.; George G. Percival. A. M., Chem. 
and Tox. 

REMIXISCE.VCES. 

There were many interesting characters in the life of this old first 
homoeopathic medical college in the world. They w-ere figures of differ- 
ing types and sometimes of conflicting views regarding the system of 
teaching under the principles first enunciated by Hahnemann. There were 
those among therp who clung closely to the theories of the great master, 
accepted him completely, and were so thoroughly orthodox in their views that 
ihey could not conceive of anything not expressly laid down by the founder 
himself. That the Hahnemannian theory of medicine could extend itself and 
be enlarged upon and improved by others appears not to have been conceived 
of as possible by them. In this respect some of Hahnemann's followers were 
narrow and non-progressive, but they were honest ; the contrary charge never 
has been |aid at their door. In common with the great majority of homoe- 
opaths of that day, these characters in the life of the school were converts from 
other systems of medicine, some from the ranks of the eclectics, and others 
from the allopathic school, and they naturally resolved themselves into fac- 
tions, with rivalries that at times engendered personal feelings, but in general 
homoeopathy was benefited by their controversies, for wisdom came out of 
their councils, and the entire medical world profited by their discussions and 
occasional wranglings. 

In all candor and without presumption it may be said, as it always has 
been thought, that in many respects Hering was the peer of Hahnemann, and 
that his conceptions of homoeopathy were in advance of those of the founder : 
but Hahnemann evolved his principles wholly from original thought, while 
Hering had the advantage of the founder's teachings for his guidance, as 
well as being himself an original thinker and prover in the department of 
medicine he was first appointed to investigate that he might bring it into 
iniblic ridicule. In the doing he became convinced of the rational truths of 
Hahnemann's theories, and accepted them, freely, fully, and even went be- 
yond the master in the work of investigation. He was the best representative 
of the progressive type of homoeopaths who figured in the early institutions 
of medical instruction of which this chajiter is intended to treat. He was the 
leader of a faction whose views differed with those of tlie other and lesser 
element that held sway for a time and then was oonipelled to \ idd both jiower 
and influence to more worthy successors. 

P.ut this was not the wedge that split in twain the old Homtx'opathic Mcvi- 
ical College of I'eimsylvania ; not the rook upon wiiich that ancient bark oi 
homoeopathy was foinidered, although it contributed to the ultimate merger 
of the old college into the nt-\v. I'lu- principal cause of that downfall is more 
jiroperlv attributable to ;m .itti-nipt to dominate the policy o{ the college in 
individual selfish inti-rest, without regard to the future welfare oi the insti- 
tution itsilf or the school 01' medicine it was supposed t<^ represent, and wlioso 



54 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



most advanced and enlightened principles it was designed to teach ; and when 
it fell short of the standard to which its most progressive faculty members 
aspired, and when then* voices liad lost power with the influences that con- 
trolled its destinies, they withdrew from it and set up a school of their own 




1646 



in which " pure homctopathy " was taught agreeable to the advanced medical 
thought of that day and period. However, it is not of these things we would 
write in this connection, but of some of the principal characters in the life 
of the Homoeopathic [Medical College of Pennsylvania during the twenty-one 
years of its existence, referring brieily to those who were identified with that 
school, and reserving for later mention recollections of those who became a 
conspicuous part of the history of the succeeding school, the Hahnemann 
Medical College of Philadelphia. 



i 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 55 

Jacob Jeanes, who with Hering and ^^*illiamson, founded the HomcEO- 
pathic ^Medical College of Pennsylvania, and who has been described by Dr. 
Dudley as " the Philadelphia Quaker," was born in Philadelphia. October 4, 
1800, and was the son of a farmer. He studied medicine under Dr. Joseph 
Parrish, and took his diploma from the medical department of the University 
of Pennsylvania in 1823. He practiced allopathy twelve years and in 1835 
began the study of homoeopathy ; and so thorough was he in his researches 
that he acquired a knowledge of German that he might more easily under- 
stand the works of Hahnemann. In less than two years afterward he dis- 
carded the old school practice and devoted himself solely to homoeopathy. 
In 1838 he published a book on practice, and was himself a practitioner of 
much note, and a man of influence in professional circles. In his own home 
with Hering and Williamson he laid plans for the Homoeopathic Medical Col- 
lege of Pennsylvania. He was one of its incorporators, assisted in drafting 
its first constitution, helped prepare its form of diploma, and was its first 
incumbent in the chair of principles and practice of medicine. When the 
college was well founded he resigned his professorship and returned to private 
practice. He was one of the original members of the American Institute of 
Homoeopathy, and at one time was member of its central bureau. Dr. Jeanes 
died December 18, 1877. His worth in the homceopathic medical profession 
is thus mentioned by Dr. Robert John AlcClatchy : " His homoeopathic med- 
ical life embraces almost the entire history of homoeopathy in Philadelphia 
and in America, and in all its various epochs and phases he was a conspicuous 
figure. In its early practice and promulgation ; in the establishment of its 
respectability ; in the organization of its societies, colleges, hospitals and other 
institutions ; in the enlargement and development of its materia medica : in the 
elevation of its literature ; in the instruction of its students ; in the cultivation 
of amenities and ethics among its practitioners ; in the setting a good example 
to his fellows, and in fact in all places where it was honorable for him to be, 
and in all the departm.ents of usefulness, he was prominent as a worker, 
although with so much modesty, with so much unobtrusiveness, with so re- 
markable an absence of egotism and' self-love, that other men. with less, much 
less, real merit, but with a larger share of self-assertion, came to occupy in 
professional eyes the more conspicuous place until the work of all these early 
practitioners began to be weighed and measured and valued, and then that of 
Dr. Jeanes was placed at its proper price and he received the palm which he 
had earned, but not, indeed, willxnit the powder." 

Walter Williamson, co-worker with Ilering and Jeanes in founding the 
Homa'opathic Medical College of Pennsylvania, and to whom Dr. Dudley 
refers as " the descendant of the Pennsylvania pioneer," was born in New- 
town, Delaware county, Penns\lvania. January 4. 1811, a descendant of thi 
fourth generation of Daniel Williamsc^n, who came from F.ngland to America 
with Pcnn's colony in 1682. Like Jeanes, he was of that element of early 
Pennsvlvanians fre(|uentl>' known as Quakers, or Friends. When voung. Will 
iamson first enterrd mercantile pursuits, but soon turned to medicine, a student 
under Dr. iU-njamin Rush i'rwin. and a matriculant in the medical dep.jrt- 
miiit of (lie University of I'l'imsslvania, where he graduated M. D. in March. 
1833. lie !)egan practice in Delaware county in ass(XMatitMi with his t'ornter 
])receptor, and afterward succeeded the latter tin his removal \o another li>oal- 
it^'. At the end of a vear Dr. Williamson settled in Xewtown township, where 
he eii;4ai;t(l in 'm in ral practice, and also took .'»n active part in the atVairs of 



56 HISTORY OF HOiMCEOPATHV 

the Delaware Count\- Institute of Science ; and while in association with 
prominent members of that society he first heard of homoeopathy and of the 
establishment of the Allentown Academy of the Homoeopathic Healing Art, 
a subject that in some way attracted his attention and impelled him to pur- 
chase in Philadelphia the few English publications on that subject -that were 
obtainable. These he studied and then began investigating for himself, result- 
ing in the purchase of various medicines and treating several cases then under 
his charge. However, in 1838 failing health compelled him to relinquish 
practice, whereupon he removed to Maryland and engaged in other pursuits ; 
but in the early part of 1839 he returned to Pennsylvania, settled in Philadel- 
phia, and began the practice of homoeopathy, being one of eight physicians 
of that school then in the city. He had met Hering two years before, and 
after locatmg in the city soon made the acquaintance of other physicians in 
practice there. His practice, of course, w^as general, but he gave special atten- 
tion to midwifery, in which branch he soon \von prominence and built up an 
'extensive, clientage. In April, 1844, he attended the convention of homce- 
opathic physicians in New York city which led to the formation of the Amer- 
ican Institute of Homceopathy, and was active in the work of that organiza- 
tion until his death. He always had a part in its councils, and w^hen that body 
urged the incorporation of a homoeopathic medical college, he as secretary 
of the central bureau at a meeting in Philadelphia in 1848 drew the petition to 
be presented to the legislature asking for a charter for such an institution to 
be located in Philadelphia ; and in the same year when the first faculty of the 
Homoeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania was appointed, he was called 
to the chair of midwifery. He was dean of the faculty from 1848 to 1851, 
and from 1856 to 1859. His connection with the faculty work may be noted 
as follows : Professor of midwifery and diseases of women and children, 
1848-49; obstetrics and diseases of women and children. 1849-51; materia 
medica and therapeutics, 1853-55 ; emeritus professor of clinical medicine, 
1856-58; obstetrics, diseases of women and children, and medical jurispru- 
dence, 1869-70. In 1859 Dr. Williamson resigned his professorship and did 
not afterward take an active part in the affairs of the college, but in 1867 he 
stood with Hering in the efforts of the latter to establish the Hahnemann 
Medical College of Philadelphia, and during the session of 1869-70 he 
held the emeritus professorship of obstetrics in that school. He was president 
of the Pennsylvania State Homoeopathic Medical Society in 1868, and was an 
active figure in other societies of his school. He was author of " Homoeo- 
pathic Treatment of Diseases of Women and Children " (1854), which passed 
through several editions, and he also wrote a number of other works on med- 
ical subjects. Dr. Williamson died December 19, 1870. 

Caleb Bentley Matthews, professor of materia medica in 1848-49, and 
of materia medica and therapeutics in 1849-50 and 1850-51, in the Homoeo- 
pathic Medical College of Pennsylvania, was born in 1801, and died May 27, 
1 85 1. His medical education was acquired in the University of Pennsylvania, 
where he took his degree about 1822. He afterward practiced in Philadelphia, 
except during four years in India in the capacity of ship's surgeon. He was 
at one time a fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, consultant 
to the Frankford Asvlum for Insane, and also was one of the editors of the 
" Medical Recorder." He began investigating homoeopathy about 1836, and 
soon afterward adopted it in his practice. His conversion to the new school 
was the occasion of considerable comment in medical circles, for Matthews 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 57 

was a man of more than ordinary prominence in the old profession and his 
change of heart was not rehshed by his former associates. He was one of 
the incorporators of the Homoeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania, a 
member of its committee on education, and the first incumbent of the chair 
of materia medica. For the sessions of 1849-50 and 1850-51 his lectures cov- 
ered the subjects of materia medica and therapeutics, and in the latter year 
after the end- of the session death cut ofif his useful career. In speaking of 
Dr. Matthews' personal and professional qualities. Dr. Alvan E. Small said 
" he possessed a sound, discriminating mind, unusual sagacity, and a degree 
of acquirements in his profession, rarely if ever surpassed. He was esteemed 
in the community as an honest and upright man. He was not only esteemed 
as a husband and father, but as a colleague, teacher and friend." 

Francis Sims, first incumbent of the chair of surgery in the college, was 
born in Philadelphia about 1820, and graduated from the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1844. Mainly through the influence of Drs. James Kitchen and 
William S. Helmuth he was early induced to adopt the homoeopathic prac- 
tice, of which school he was for many years an honored representative. He 
aided in the organization of the Homoeopathic Medical College of Pennsyl- 
vania, and held the chair of surgery in that institution five years. He was 
one of the board of managers and surgeon of the first homoeopathic hospital 
in Philadelphia, and he also enjoyed an extensive practice among the best 
families of the city. 

Samuel Freedley, first professor of botany in the college, and a botanist 
of distinguished prominence in his time, was born in Conshohocken. Pennsyl- 
vania, February 2, 1799, and died in December, 1885. He studied medicine 
and botany with Dr. Cleve, a botanist of repute, and took his medical degree 
from the University of Pennsylvania in 1821. He practiced under the old 
school method about fifteen years, then took up homceoi^athy and afterward 
was one of its most faithful exemplars. On the organization of the faculty 
of the Homoeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania he was appointed to 
the chair of botany, and in the next year the subject of medical jurisprudence 
was added to his professorial duties. He resigned at the close of the session 
of 1851-52, and from 1854 to 1859 was professor of botany in the Penn Med- 
ical University. At the time of his deatli Dr. Freedley enjoyed the distinction 
of being the oldest honneopathic pinsician in Philadelphia. 

Matthew Semple was born in IMiiladelphia May 21, 1813, and was edu- 
cated for the Episcopal ministry, lie began the study of medicine in 1830, 
and took his degree from the l^nivcrsitv of Pennsylvania in 1838. He studied 
homncopathy under the guidance of Dr. Jacob Jeanes. and afterward as a 
practitioner of the healing art was very successful, being a careful follower 
of the great tbera])entic law. At the opening of the HonuTopathic Metlioal 
College of TennsyUania he entered the faculty as professor of cheniistrv and 
toxicology, and contimied in that capacity eight years. .As a teacher ho was 
highly esteemed, having the especial gift in being able to impart knowledge 
to his students. Later on he filled the same chair in the Xew York Hoinu'o- 
pathie Medical College, .'ukI w.is connicted with that institution more than 
four \('ars. Dr. Semple died in rhil.-idelpliia Ma\ 17, 18(17. 

,'\Ivan Fdniund Small was born in WaK-s. M.iine, March \, 1811. and died 
Decembi-r 31, 1886. lie graduated in medicine at the i\Mm>\ hania Medic:*! 
College in iS^i. and began bis professional caret r in Pelaware connt\, Penii- 
s\lvania, but removed to I'liiladelphia in iS4(». IK', too. was a convert trou) 



58 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

the old school of practice to the ranks of homceopathy, and afterward for many 
years was one of its most worthy exemplars. In 1848 he was elected to the 
chair of physiology and pathology in the Homoeopathic Medical College of 
Pennsylvania, and so continued until 1852 when his professorship was changed 
to physiology and medical jurisprudence. In 1855 he was assigned to the 
chair of homoeopathic institutes, pathology, and practice of medicine, but in 
the next year he resigned and removed to Chicago, where on the organization 
of the Hahnemann Medical College of that city, he was made dean of the 
faculty, and also filled the chairs of practice, physiology and chemistry, all 
during the same session. His last lecture was delivered December 24, 1885. 
The degree of master of arts was conferred on him by Delaware College in 
1851. Dr. Small was author of a " Manual of Homoeopathic Practice," 1854; 
a volume on " Diseases of the Nervous System " ; " Systematic Treatise on the 
Practice of Medicine," 1886, and he also wrote a number of valuable pam- 
phlets on medical subjects. 

William Scheaff Helmuth first appeared in the history of the Homoe- 
opathic Medical College of Pennsylvania in May, 1849, ^s one of the dis- 
pensary physicians, but when Dr. Jeanes retired from the chair of principles 
and practice, Helmuth was elected to succeed him. He was afterward identi- 
fied with the life of the college until 1853, when he resigned his chair on 
account of ill health. His attention was afterward devoted to private practice, 
which was very large, and he was known as one of the most popular physicians 
in the city. He w^as stricken with paralysis in 1877, and never afterward fully 
recovered although he lived until April 8, 1880. Dr. Helmuth was born in 
Philadelphia in 1801, and acquired his literary education in the University of 
Pennsylvania, graduating B. A. in 1819, and taking his master degree in 
course. He read medicine imder the preceptorship of Dr. Thomas T. Hewson, 
the distinguished Philadelphia surgeon, and afterward took a full course in the 
medical department of his alma mater, where he graduated M. D. in 1823. 
For fifteen years he practiced allopathy, but about 1839, through the influence 
of Dr. James Kitchen, who had just begun the practice of homoeopathy, he 
was persuaded to investigate the new system. He soon became convinced of 
its value and adopted it fully in his practice. He always was a careful student 
of the materia medica and a faithful adherent to the principles of homoeopathy. 

Charles Neidhard, the first professor of clinical medicine in the Homoe- 
opathic Medical College of Pennsylvania, a physician and prover of wide 
renown, a writer of excellent repute, was born in Bremen, Germany, in 1809, 
and died in Philadelphia, April 17, 1895. His academic education was 
acquired in European schools and colleges, after which he came to America. 
He studied medicine with Dr. Isaac Heister of Reading, Pa., also in the 
University of Pennsylvania, the Philadelphia Medical Institute, and attended 
clinics at the Pennsylvania Hospital. Constant application to study produced 
ill health, and impclkd him to consult his old friend. Dr. Wesselhoeft of Bath, 
who treated him homoeopathically. He returned to Europe in 1835. but came 
and settled in Philadelphia in 1836. While abroad he studied homoeopathy, 
became a member of the Leipsic Medical Society, and graduated in medicine 
in Jena. In 1837 he graduated from the Allentown Academy. He was a 
charter member of the American Institute of Homoeopathy, one of the incor- 
porators of the Homoeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania, and member 
of its committee on constitution and by-laws, corresponding secretary of the 
corporation at its first meeting, and member of the dispensary committee. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 59 

He declined the chair of pathology, and in 1849 accepted that of clinical medi- 
cine. Dr. Neidhard was a prover of repute, a valuable contributor to the 
literature of homoeopathy as associate editor of the " American Journal of 
Homoeopathia " in 1838, and also of the " North American Journal of Homoe- 
opathy " from 1862 to 1868. He was corresponding member of homoeopathic 
societies in Leipsic, Munich, Paris, Brazil, Massachusetts and Rhode Island. 

William A. Gardiner was another prominent figure in the life of the 
college, and filled its chair of anatomy from 1848 to 1856, and of surgery 
during the session of 1860-61. He was registrar in 1850-51, and dean from 
1851 to 1856. He was born in Philadelphia in 1823, and was a graduate of 
the Jefferson Medical College, a pupil in anatomy under Pancoast, whose equal 
he was in that branch of medical and surgical science, and his superior in 
surgery. This is saying m.uch for Gardiner, for Pancoast in the old school 
was regarded as the master of anatomy, but in the field of surgery he could 
not lay claim to especial distinction, while Gardiner ranked equally well in 
both anatomy and surgery. During the last year of his life he was a surgeon 
in the union army, and attracted much attention through his skillful and yet 
careful operations. Dr. Gardiner died in Philadelphia April 29, 1863. He 
was a son of Dr. Richard Gardiner and a grandson of Dr. William Gardiner. 

Joseph Griswold Loomis, who was called to the chair of obstetrics 
in the college in 1851, and acceptably filled that position for two years, 
was one of the most consistent investigators of homoeopathy and con- 
verts to its teachings that school of medicine ever had. He was a native 
of East Haddam, Conn., born May 11, 181 1, and a graduate of Fair- 
field Institute, a collegiate school of excellent reputation in Herkimer 
county. New York. He took his medical degree there in 1834, and entered 
upon his professional career in Michigan, but at the end of three years 
returned east and settled in Cazenovia, New York, where he practiced with 
great success. While there he read of the death of Hahnemann, and he also 
read something of the life and works of that great scholar ; and he was impelled 
to investigate homoeopathy for himself, with the result of his complete con- 
version to its doctrines. He removed to Syracuse and practiced in that city 
from 1843 to 1849, when he went to Philadelphia and attended lectures at the 
HonKeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania. He graduated in 1850, and 
returned to Svracuse, but soon came to make Philadelphia his home. In the 
fall of 1 85 1 he was called to the chair of obstetrics in his alma mater and filled 
that professorship two years. As a physician and teacher he was highly 
esteemed. He died at his old home in Syracuse. October 25, 1852. 

Frederick Humphreys was called to the chair of institutes, pathology, and 
practice in 1853, and lectured through two sessions. He was l>oun in Mar- 
cellus, Onondaga county, Xew ^'o^k. March 11, iSif). a son of Dr. I'.rastus 
Humphreys, a plnsician of the allopathic school, lie was well etlucatod, 
taught school for a tinu-. and lati-r entered the Methodist niinistrv. .*>till later 
lie studied houKi-opatliy, and graduated from this college in 1S50. lie prac- 
ticed a short tinu- in S.'ew York, and removed thence to Philadelphia in cimi- 
ncction with bis professorial duties in 1853. After leaving the school he 
became priipiitinr df wlial has since been known as " Humphreys' Specifics." 

Jacob lieaklex, who in 1S53 succeeded Dr. Sims in tlie chair oi snrgerx . 
was a cons])icuon^ I'ilmmc m colK^e circU's until lS(>o. when lu- withtlrew 
and re!iiM\(il to N'ew \n\\s iil\. wlieie be was one of the founders of the New 
^'orl: MoiiKe.ipathic Midical I nlle^e. in which institution he achievetl his 



60 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

greatest prominence, in the chair of surgery and also as dean of the faculty. 
He was identified with that school until 1870, when he retired. He died 
August 6, 1872. Dr. Beakley was born in Sharon Springs, New York, 
July 20, 1812, and was a graduate of the College of Physicians and Surgeons 
of the Western District of New York, class of 1834. He practiced first in 
Schoharie county, then in Albany county, and removed to New York city in 
1842. Two years afterward he became a homoeopath, and in 1853 began his 
duties in this college. In 1858 he was made president of the faculty, and 
soon afterward succeeded Dr. Williamson as dean. He did not relish the 
differences which arose durmg the latter part of his service as faculty member, 
and resigned his chair at the end of the session of 1859-60. 

Isaac Moreau Ward was born in Bloomfield, New Jersey, October 23, 
1826, graduated from Yale in 1825, and later from Rutgers Medical College. 
He was an early convert to homoeopathy, and afterward was in many ways 
identified with its institutions and history ; was one of the founders of the 
American Institute in 1844; first president of the New York State Homoe- 
opathic Medical Society, in 1849. ^^ 1853 he was elected to the chair of 
obstetrics in this college, and filled that position, except during one year, until 
1859. I" i860 he resigned and assisted in founding the New York Homoe- 
opathic Medical College, and filled its chair of obstetrics until 1864. He 
also was one of the organizers of the New York Medical College for Women, 
its dean, and professor of obstetrics from 1863 to 1865, and during one term 
lectured on practice of medicine. Soon afterward on account of a misunder- 
standing he discontinued professorial work and devoted himself solely to 
practice. He died March 24, 1895. 

Jabez P. Dake was a native of Johnstown, Fulton county. New York, born 
April 22, 1827, a son of Dr. Jabez Dake, then an allopathic physician, and a 
convert to homoeopathy in 1843. The younger Dake graduated from Union 
College, Schenectady, N. Y., in 1849, 'ind from this college in 1851. He was 
professor of materia medica and therapeutics in his alma mater from 1855 to 
1857, ^^^ of pathology and principles and practice in 1876-77. During his 
long professional career Dr. Dake was witness to many advances in the prac- 
tice of his school, and was himself a liberal contributor to its literature. In 
his autobiography he says : " I have been an earnest advocate, by pen and 
tongue, of the rights of our school of practice, as against unfair legislation, 
instigated by members of the old school. And more — I have been unalterably 
opposed to State censorship as to the modes and means of healing, denying 
the right of the civil power to dictate in the premises." The late William 
Tod Helmuth once said of Dr. Dake : " Ah, what a portrait painter is 
memory ! . It seems but yesterday that I saw him — rather small in stature, 
with a large head and commanding brow, coal black hair always carefully 
brushed with a curl at the top, and with eyes always so earnest and so brilliant 
that they gave character to his face." 

Of the many other characters in the history of the Homoeopathic Medical 
College of Pennsylvania there may be mentioned William Ashton Reed, born 
in Philadelphia, June 25, 1827, a graduate of Madison L^niversity and the 
University of Lewisburg, and of this college in 1852. His preceptor in medi- 
cine was Dr. James Kitchen., lie was demonstrator of anatomy from 1852 
to 1854, and held the chair of physiology from 1855 to the end of the session 
of 1859-60. He became a member of the American Institute in 1857, also 
was a member of the Philadelphia county society, and for several years was 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 61 

vice-president of the Horticultural Society of Philadelphia. He died Januar\ 
I5> 1895- Then there was Professor Hempel — Charles Julius Hempel, born 
Solingen, Prussia, September 5, 181 1; the student and investigator; the 
scholar, translator and author ; the friend and associate of nearly all the old 
time homoeopathic founders and provers, and in many respects the peer of 
any of them. Even after being stricken blind he continued literary work 
with the aid of his wife, and so produced his " ^Materia ^^ledica and Thera- 
peutics. ""' In 1857 he succeeded Professor Dake in the chair of materia 
medica, but retired from it in i860 with others affected by dissensions in the 
school about that time. 

Another conspicuous figure in the college life was the younger Helmuth 
— William Tod Helmuth — whose connection with the teaching force in the 
chair of anatomy began July 17, 1856. and continued until the close of the 
session of 1857-58, when he resigned and removed to St. Louis. Mo. His 
subsequent career was an important part of the history of the profession in 
general, and of the Homoeopathic Medical College of Missouri and the Xew 
York Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital in particular, in connection 
with which a detailed account of his remarkable life and achievements in the 
field of surgery will be given. Dr. Helmuth was a nephew of William Scheaff 
Helmuth, who has been mentioned in these reminiscences, and by whom he 
was first brought prominently before the professional world. Thomas Moore 
succeeded Helmuth in the chair of anatomy in 1858, and resigned in i860, 
but in the latter year he was elected to the chair of obstetrics, succeeding 
Dr. Ashton, and lectured through the following session. Dr. Moore was 
born in Philadelphia July 2. 1827, and died March 25. 1882. He was edu- 
cated in the Philadelphia high school and the University of Pennsylvania, 
where he graduated in medicine in 1848. He also took a private course in 
Dr. James McClintock's I'hiladelphia School of Anatomy, and for a time was 
one of the out-door physicians to the (niardians of the Poor. Through the 
persuasions of his wife, who was a patient of Hering, he was led to investigate 
homceopathy and soon afterward became an ardent disciple of that school. 

John Redman Coxe, Jr., succeeded I'rofessor Small in the chair of prac- 
tice in 1857. He came to the school well trained by education and experience 
and was a valuable acquisition to the teaching force. Moreover, he was the 
son of a famous medical educator, his father, John Redman Coxe, having held 
the (hair of materia medica in the I'niversity of Pennsylvania many years, 
and was besides an able medical writer and practitioner. Tiie younger Coxe 
was l)orn in Philadelphia i-ebruary 19. I7tjt;, and was educated for the metlical 
profession. In 1845 h'-^' ^^'^^ '" ])ractice in \\'iIliams])ort, I'a.. and in 1850 
look a course of lectures in tliis college and reciiviil its (ii])lonia during that 
}ear. He was connected with tlie school from 1857 to i8<k\ lie became a 
member of the .American Institute in 1852. and was provisit)nal secretary at 
the session held in .Mbany, Xew \'ork, in 1854. lie died .May 11. i8<)V 

Prof. A. II. I'landers succeeded Dr. Seinple in the chair of chemistry ami 
toxicology in 185S and resi^ne<l in July of the ne.xt vear. ( )f his antecedents 
and professional career other than is imted little is known. Me was livin^^ in 
\\'illi;imsbin-g. Xew N'ork, in iS^t). 

Silas Swilt P.rooks, who came to the chair i>f institutes ami ])ractice in 
1860, was a native of South Scitnate, Mass.. born .Ma\ ,^0, 1S17, and a u'^ul- 
uate <il leU'ersiin .Medical Cdllege of Philadelpliia. of the class ot 1S44. 
l)urinv; dtf r.nK m-.iis of ]u<, practice he licnired on pbv vi..I, i.-v in ilie 



€2 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHV 



Franklin institute, Pliiladclpiiia. ami in 1855, after having practiced about 
ten years, he took up homoeopathy, with which he was closely identified until 
his death, July 2. 1871. George R. Starkey was called to the vacant chair of 
anatomy in i860, and performed its duties with credit for four years. He 
w^as born in \'assalboro, Maine, June 2, 1823, and was of a familv of Quakers, 
or Friends. He was left an orphan when quite young, and to a great extent 
made his own way in life ; but he was an earnest worker and acquired a good 
academic and collegiate education, and then taught school. He graduated 
from this college in 1855. and practiced in Reading, Pa., until 1857, when 
he removed to Philadel]ihia. In the spring of i860 Adolphus H. Ashton was 
elected to the chair of obstetrics, but never lectured on that subject. In 1877 




hi. N. Guernsey. M. H. 

he was elected curator of the college, and continued in that capacity until bis 
death, February 17, 1883. He was bom in Philadelphia, March' 18, 1826. 
and graduated from the college in 1852. He was one of the founders of the 
Children's Homoeopathic Hospital, in 1877. 

John K. Lee came into the life of the college in i860, on the reorganiza- 
tion of the faculty, and was a member of the teaching corps three years. He 
was born in Allegheny county. Pa., May 2, 1824, and graduated from 
Allegheny College at Meadville in 1849. He was taught homoeopathy by 
Dr. Walter Williamson, took his medical degree at this college in 1851, and 
was in practice in West I'hiladelphia v.hen called to the faculty in i860, as 



HISTORY OF HO-MrEOPATHV 63 

professor of materia medica. During his last jiear of service he lectured on 
pharmacy, materia medica. and therapeutics. As Bradford says. " He held 
a high position in the community in which he lived, and was greatly beloved." 
For more than twenty-seven years he was director of public schools, and in 
1885 was appointed by Governor Pattison member of the state board of public 
charities ; and was afterward reappointed by Governor Beaver. Dr. Lee died 
November 10, 1887. 

Owen B. Gause was associated with the faculty work of this college and 
its successor, the Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia, from i860 to 
1895. He filled successively the chairs of pliysiology, physiology and pathol- 
ogy, midwifery and diseases of women and children, obstetrics and puerperal 
diseases and diseases of infants.. and in 1888 was made emeritus professor of 
obstetrics. He was a strong force in the faculty' and an interesting and 
instructive lecturer. He was born in Wilmington, Del.. June 22, 1825. 
entered Cleveland Homoeopathic Medical College in 1855, and in the same 
year transferred his attendance to this college, where he graduated in 1857. 
He became a member of the faculty on the reorganization of that body in 
i860. He died in Hahnemann Hospital. June 11. 1895. and donated his entire 
library to that college, and his instruments to the physicians who attended him 
during his sickness. 

Henry Xewell Guernsey was prominently connected with the college life 
of the old institution and its successor from 1861 to 187:;. He also served as 
dean of both institutions, his services extending from. 1865 to 1874. He was 
a fortimate acquisition to the first school and a valuable helper in the new. 
and in the homoeopathic medical profession in general was a conspicuous figure 
for thirty-five years : a member of many medical associations and societies, 
and frequently an officer : a medical writer of ability, his " .-Application of the 
Principles and Practice of H(jmfEO])athy to ( )bstetrics an<l the Diseases 
Peculiar to Women and Children " passing thmugh several editions and 
foreign translation. Dr. Guernsey was born in Rochester. X'ermont. Xnvem- 
ber 10. 1817, and at the age of twenty years went to Philadelphia with the 
intention to study medicine, but instead he taught school several years before 
his medical course was begun. His preceptor was Dr. .\lvan E. Small. He 
Hrst entered the Pennsylvania Medical College of I^hiladelphia. but later in 
the same vear, 1842. matriculated at the medical (k'])artment of the I'nivorsity 
of Xew Yrirk. where he graduated in 1844. He ])racticed at Frankforcl. 
Pa., until 1857. tlun removed to Philadelj)hia. and in iS^)i accepted the chair 
of obstetrics in this college. He died July 2^ , 1S85. 

Peter S. Hitchens was a member of the facidtv of the college three years, 
professor of anatomy. 1861-62. and of descrijjtive and surgical anatonly, 
1862-64. ITc succeeded Dr. Moore, i^r. Hitchens was born in Hagshoro. 
Del.. .September 2.^. 1823. and matriculated first at the I'niversity of Pennsv!- 
vania, l)Ut soon afterward become interested in hoin(eoii.-)th\ and transferred 
bis attendance to this college, where he gra(lnate<l in 1S5S. He died June I. 
1S77. Charles Heermans was professor of phannac\. materia medica. aiul 
therapeutics during tlie session ol 18^)3-^)4. of phvsiolo<'\, and also was dean. 
1864-65. In 1870 he received tiie honorar) (leyree from the collei;e. He 
subse(|Uentl\ weiU to Paris. !•' ranee, ami enyasjed in practice. I.«'nuiel 
Stephens was electetl to the chair of chemistr\ and to\icoloi^\ in iS<<^^. and 
continued his coimi'dion with the .school until i8(»7. wl\en he becanu- profess<">r 
of cheniistr\ in Habni-nKinn .Mi-<lic;d ("oIlej;e. a posilioji lie held until the 



U4 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

close of the session of 1885-86. After 1867 his lectures covered the subjects 
of natural philosophy, chemistry and toxicoloi^y. He was born in Plymouth, 
Mass., February 22, 1814. and died in Philadelphia April i, 1892. He gradu- 
ated at Harvard in 1835 and later pursued his classical studies in Gottingen 
and Berlin, Germany. Returning to America he taught five years in the 
University of Pittsburg, and then was elected to the chair of chemistry and 
physics in (jirard College, Philadelphia. 

Adolph Graf zur Lippe, son of Count Ludwig and Countess Augusta zur 
Lippe, was born near Gurletz in Prussia, May 11, 1812. and died in Phila- 
delphia, Pa.. January 28, 1888, Dr. Lippe in his young manhood was 
educated for the law, but evidently contrary to his own inclination, for he 
abandoned it for the study of medicine. He came to x\merica in 1839 and 
became a student in Allentown Academy, a pupil of Hering, and took his 
diploma from that institution July 27, 1841. He practiced in Pottsville and 
Carlisle, Pa., several years and then removed to Philadelphia, where he 
afterward lived. He was called to the chair of niateria medica in the Homoe- 
opathic Medical College of Pennsvlvania in May, 1864. ^"^1 was closely identi- 
fied with the college life until 1869, when he resigned his professorship and 
resumed private practice. He was one of the ablest exponents of homoe- 
opathic materia medica of his time and was author of a standard work on 
that subject. But Lippe it seems became too deeply interested in the aflfairs 
of the college, not perhaps in respect to his chair in particular, but rather 
in that he secured a controlling interest in the stock of the corporation and 
assumed to dictate its policy, abolishing and creating chairs at pleasure, which 
was his right under the law, but which did not meet the approval of several 
of his associates on the faculty, and resulted in the withdrawal of Hering and 
others and the founding of the Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia. 
The stock was subsequently sold to Dr. Guernsey for Dr. Hering, after which 
Lippe was no longer a factor in the history of the school. 

Pusey Wilson held the chair of surgery during the session of 1864-65. 
and then retired from the faculty on account of ill health. He afterward 
practiced at Moorestown, New Jersev. George Franklin Foote was professor 
of surgery during the session of 1866-67. and then resigned. He subsequently 
became deeplv interested in the homoeopathic treatment of the insane, and in 
1869. with the assistance of Dr. Dunham and others, took the initial steps 
which led to the establishment of what now is the State Hospital at Middle- 
town, New York, which is distinctively imder homoeopathic control so far as 
its methods of treatment are concerned. Dr. F(iote was born in Albany. New 
York, March 13, 1817. and before he took up the study of medicine devoted 
himself to school teaching and also at times to carjitnter work. In 1838 he 
attended lectures at the Cincinnati Medical College, but afterward entered 
the University ^ledical College of New York, where he took his degree in 
1848. He practiced allopathy one vear and then took uji homoeopathy. He 
subsequently jiracticed in Buffalo, Watertown and New ^'()rk citv, in New 
York state, and in A])ril. 1866. accej^ted the chair of surgery in this college. 
In the later vears of his life he was a sufferer with heart chsease. and he died 
in Chicago,' Mav 8. \?^i^<). 

James H. P. Frost, who held the chair of physiolouv in the college from 
1865 to 1867. the chair of pathology in i868-6(), and who in 1865 was one of 
the editors of tin- " I lahnemannian Monthly," was born in lU-thel. Maine. May 
24. 1825. and died in Danville. Pa.. January 21. 1875. His literary educa- 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY <i5 

tion was acquired in Bowdoin and Amherst colleges, from the latter of which 
he was graduated with honors in 1846. He then engaged in literary work 
and teaching, chiefly in Philadelphia, and began his study of medicine under 
the preceptorship of Dr. Henry Newell Guernsey. He matriculated at this 
college and took his medical degree in 1850. 

William L. Arrowsmith, of the chair of physiology during the session of 
1867-68, came from Canada to Philadelphia, and after leaving the college is 
said to have gone abroad and continued his professional career. He was a 
graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, and a converted allopath. 

Alonzo Richard Morgan, of the chair of institutes and practice of medi- 
cine, patholog}^ and diagnosis in this college in 1867, was a native of St. Law- 
rence county. New York. He was a student in Geneva Medical College, and 
afterward in this college, and took his diploma in 1852. After leaving Phila- 
delphia he held the chair of practice in the New York Homoeopathic Medical 
College until the end of the session of 1869-70. when he removed to Con- 
necticut and engaged in general practice. George Gilman Percival held the 
chair of chemistry during the session of 1867-68. He came to Philadelphia 
from New York, but of his earlier and later life in the ranks of the profession 
little is known. 

'iHK irAHXEMANN IMEDICAl, COI.LEGE OF IM I ir.ADEr.l' 1 11 A. 

Constantine Hering was not alone when he withdrew frtnn the faculty 
of the Hom(jeoi)athic Medical College of Pennsylvania in 1867. for there were 
other ])roniinent members of that bod\- who were dissatisfied with the methods 
emploved by the controlling influences in the policy of the school. The cause 
of Dr. Hering's displeasure was not wh(jlly in the action that abolished the 
chair of pathology and diagnostics, and thereby deposed his friend Raue. 
For several years there had been shown in certain quarters a disposition to 
centralize a controlling interest in the stock of the corporation, and when that 
was accomplished a more unsatisfactory condition was created by an attempt 
to reduce the expenses of the school, notably in abolishing one or more of the 
faculty chairs when the best interests of the college as an institution of medical 
learning demanded an increase of the teaching cor])s. I'nder the conditions 
then existing the school was not increasing in usefulness, nor was its standaril 
of education maintained upon the high plane advocateil by its founders, 
although the attendance was fair considering the establishment of other hoin»v- 
opathic colleges in the large citif.s of the Cdinitrs. Iiidei-d, at tb*.- time iiuli- 
cated there were two contlicting elements in the litf of the collei.^e ; the first, 
which was tlu' doniiiiant power, hoping to maintain the school on a |)a\ing 
basis flnanciallx, witlKnit ^special regard to its uselnlness. progress or educa- 
tif)nal standard: and tlir second and less putfut influence iiaving for its cliief 
object the maintenance of a school o| medicine of as high rank as an\ similar 
institution in tlu- lan<l, and that without ])arlicnlar ri'gard to immediate finan- 
cial gain. 

I )r, IIciiiil; was the (bauiiiion and Kadrr of the si-iMiid oi tbesi- eiemeiUs. 
and wiuii Mil- (oiKHlioiis wiTr swell thai lu- conld no longer consistentlx 
icniaiii a nuinliri o| its teaching loice lie severed bis connection with the 
school and at oiuc sci alioni ibf task of founding another homcropathic medi- 
cal idll(i;r ill I 'liiladiliibia. 111 wbicli (|nalit\ and character of education rather 
than personal i;ain should be llic animating spirit of its promoters, lie did 
leave the old scliool with some personal feelini.;, and bis views on the subject 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY f.T 

•n whicli he was so deeply interested were shared bv a ir.ajority of his former 
associates on the faculty, and were supported by the editorials of the best 
homoeopathic medical journals in the country ; and when he left the institution 
he had been chiefl\- instrumental in founding he was followed at once or soon 
afterward by such prominent medical instructors as Raue. ^lorgan. ^Martin. 
Stephens and Gause, and still later by others as soon as they could release 
themselves from their obligations to the old school. 

During the summer of 1867 Dr. Hering and his associates secured the 
charter of the Washington ^ledical College of Philadelphia, which had been 
granted by the legislature in 1853, but under which no organization had been 
effected, and by an order of the Court of Quarter Sessions the name was 
changed to The Hahnemann [Medical College of Philadelphia. The object 
of the incorporators under the act just mentioned was to found an eclectic 
medical college in Philadelphia, and Dr. Hering's action in procuring the 
charter was both expedient and practical, as it obviated the necessity of delay 
until the next legislative session and the possible danger of opposition from 
the other schools of medicine in the city, which might defeat his purpose. 

It will be seen, therefore, that The Hahnemann Medical College of Phila- 
delphia was founded on the charter of an eclectic school, but it was sufficient 
for the purposes of the guiding spirits of the enterprise, and the change 
in name was effected through the mere formal order of the court. In itself 
the act as originally passed had no relation to the college, vet was the rock 
upon which it was subsequently built. Its enacting clause provided as follows : 

Be it enacted, etc., "That William S. Ernst. F. A. Fickhardt. D. C. McKibben. W. J. 
Smith, Samuel Rhem, William C. Foster. :Michael Brown. Charles N. Robinson, William 
J. McCamman, James B. Reed, John K. Zeilin. John E. Latta. David C. .McCamman, 
Henry Bley. John B. Woodward. Washington Wuris. Edward S. Lawrence and Jacob 
S. Roberts be and they are hereby incorporated into a body politic, under the name and 
.style of the Washington Medical College of Philadelphia, for the purpose of instruction 
in medicine, surgery and all the branches appertaining thereto ; the said college to have 
the power of granting degrees and giving diplomas to all those who may complv with 
the rules and regulations thereof, and also to give a summer and winter course of 
lectures on the science of medicine; the said college to have all the imnnmities, rights 
and privileges granted to the allopathic colleges in the state of Pennsylvania not* incon- 
sistent with the laws and constitution thereof." 

And to meet the re(|uirements of the founders the court of (Quarter Ses- 
sions did order as hallows: 

And now, to wil, June the 1st. i.%7, on con-.Hli r.iUoii oi tin,- potiiion iiuii. 11 is 
ordered and decreed by the c<-iiri that the jtrayer of the petition be granted. .;iul that 
the name, style and lille of slid .•..rpMr-iiion vIkiII b,- henceforth Ihe Hahnemann Medical 
College of Philadeliihi.t. 

The Hahnemann Medical College was not a spite house set up bv I'on- 
stantine Hering and a few other (lisgrinitled followers in opposition to a 
school of medicine which they could not control; the dissentient element that 
witlulrew it.self from the ilomieopatiiic Medical College of rennsvlvania was 
not a body of professional men and teachers bent ujion reveni;e ; im such spirit 
i-ver animated them, but the\ were determined ti' open a .school of meiiicine 
which did all that was done in the mother college, and lo acei»mplish all tliat 
was necessary to be done which the parent body for .some \t'ars had nei^lected 
to do; and they set about their task dili^entlv. in perfect hannotu and il^o.uI 
faitli, and with Mich expt'dition tliat llir doors oi' llu' I lahiu'inaini Me.lical 



68 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHV 

College of Philadelphia were opened for students in the fall of 1867. ^^^ 
frame of government of the new college was elaborate, complex, and in some 
respects unique. Under it the powers, franchises, immunities, rights and 
privileges conferred by the original charter were vested in a board of corpora- 
tion trustees of twelve members, a board of professorial trustees of not less 
than seven ])rofessors of the medical faculty, and a board of curators of not 
less than three members, graduates in medicine, to constitute an advisory 
board of examination, and all to hold office at their own will and pleasure. 
In the cd)rporation trustees was vested the care and supervision of the real 
estate, endowment funds and other permanent property of the college, while 
the professorial trustees were made conservators of the spiritual body of the 
college in carrying out the purposes for which it was established, and also 
were charged with providing for such financial concerns of the institution as 
were not s]jecially vested in the corporation trustees ; and it was j^rovided that 
in case there remained a surplus of revenue in the treasury after all the 
expenses of the year, had been paid, the same should be divided among the 
members of the faculty as compensation for their services. 

These regulations for the government of the college in all its dc])artmcnts 
were known as the '' statutes " and also as the " constitution," and were 
intended to provide for any contingency that might arise : and they fulfilled 
that purpose for nearly twenty years with little friction in any of their parts. 
Occasionally, however, the two principal bodies found themselves at variance, 
and in 1885 a rupture was prevented through certain members of the profes- 
sorial board and the diplomatic measures adopted by them ; and the ultimate 
result was that the college was placed on a firmer foundation than ever Ijcfore 
in its history — the foundation upon which the institution stands to-day. 

The first board of corporation trustees comprised Edward S. Lawrence, 
chairman ; George M. Troutman, Jason L. Fenimore, John A. Marshall, John 
T. Midnight. Augustus W. Koch, John W. Sexton, Rev. Howard Malcom, 
D. D., B\ron Woodward, James B. Read, I"". V.. Boericke and T. ( "luil- 
ford Smith. 

The first board of professorial trustees, who were the first faculty, com- 
prised Drs. Constantine Hering, Charles G. Raue, John C. Morgan, Henry 
Xoah Martin, Richard Koch, Amos Russell Thomas, Lemuel Stephens and 
Owen B. Cause. 

The first board of curators com])rised Drs. Richard Gardiner. James 
Kitchen, H. S. Lentz. Walter Williamson. Charles Xeidhard, C^wen B. (iause 
and J. G. Houard. 

While the constitution gave the corporation trustees direction of the physi- 
cal affairs of the college the ])rofessorial trustees nevertheless constituted the 
leal power and force of the institution, and to all intents and ]iuri)oses theirs 
Avas a pro])rietar\' school. If financial success rewarded their efforts, the 
■profit was theirs, but if there was no surplus in the treasury at the end of the 
year, they received no remuneration for their services. But this was of small 
consequence to the faculty at that time ; they were determined upon the estab- 
lishment of a school of medicine of high degree, and the probabilit\- of finan- 
cial success or loss to them as individuals had little consideration in their 
councils. Thev went about their work with the conviction of riyht and were 
willing to leave results to the unjjrejudiced jirofessional mind, knowing that 
the f|uestion of success or faihu'c depended on the (|ualit\ ;ni<l character of 
iheir school; and sul)se(nu'nt events proved that thrir conclusions were cor- 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHV 



69 



rect. Havin.G[ completed the faculty, a prospectus was issued in which the 
objects and principles of the collej^e weie publicly declared: 

To obviate the necessity of sending homoeopathic students to allopathic 
colleges under the plea of better medical instruction. 

To teach pure homoeopathy (by which is meant the exclusion of eclectic- 
ism, and the sustaining of that homoeopathic principle by which Hahnemann 
and all eminent and learned homoeopathic practitioners have been and are 
yet guided). 




I'ri't riail in lll■^ 1 .almiMturv. 



Id privent the threatened split in our profes.sion. by allowing the utmost 
Irtidnm (in disputed points, particularl\- the (|uestion of the (lose. 

I o pi\\(iit till' issuing of degrees to unworthv applicants. 

rill- aiiiioniKiinent of tlie fust session of the new college was issued b\ 
till- corporati<in trustees and was even more emphatic in its i>resentation of 
purposes of ihc institution than the prospectus; and in accordance with 
inforntatuMi ii rdiil.iintii llu- eollege was opened September ^^o. lS(t7. in a 
building at No. i _V'7 I lusliuit street, with si\ty-one studeiUs enn^lU'd. This 
was the ailual bi-ginning of the histor\ of The llahnemann .Medical l."ollege 
ol I 'Inladclpbia under that name. The personnel oi tlie liist f,iiidt\. with 
llif I hairs lille<l l)\ I'aeli professor, was as follows: 



70 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

Constantine Hering, institutes and materia medica. 

Charles G. Raue, practice of medicine, special pathology and diagnosis. ^ 
John C. Morgan, surgerj'. 

Henrj' N. Martin, midwifery, diseases of' women and children, and lecturer on 
clinical medicine. 

Richard Koch, physiology, general pathology, general and microscopic anatomy. 

Amos Russell Thomas, anatomy. 

Lemuel Stephens, natural philosophy, chemistry and toxicology. 

H. Ryland Warriner, lecturer on forensic medicine. 

C. H. VonTagen, demonstrator and lecturer on surgical anatomy. 

The first commencement was held March 4. 1868, at which time twenty- 
six diplomas in medicine were awarded. The school in the first year of its 
liistory had demonstrated its usefulness, had proved a success, and at the close 
of another year the members of the faculty received a modest share of the 
surplus revenue as compensation for their services. Before the end of the 
second session there developed a disposition on the part of the two schools to 
unite their forttmes in a single institution. The Hahnemann Medical College 
had previously ofifered to do this, but the refusal came from the other school. 
The movement in favor of union took definite form in January, 1869, and 
soon afterward petitions for an act of consolidation were presented to the 
legislature; and agreeable to the prayer of the petitioners, on April 2, 1869, 
the legislature passed " An Act to merge and consolidate The Hahnemann 
[Medical College of Philadelphia and The Homoeopathic Medical College of 
Pennsylvania into one corporation." the efi:ective sections of which act were 
as follows : 

Sec. I. Be it enacted, etc.. That the said The Hahnemann Medical College of Phila- 
delphia and the said The Homoeopathic JNledical College of Pennsylvania shall be and tht 
same are hereby merged and consolidated into one corporation, b}- the name, style and 
title of The Hahnemann Medical College ot Philadelphia. 

Sec. 2. That the said act entitled an act to incorporate the Washington ^ledical 
College of Philadelphia, approved the second day of May, Anno Domini 1853, and all 
the proceedings had thereupon, shall apply to and govern in all respects this consolidated 
corporation, in the same manner and with the same power, force and effect as if the 
same had been especially re-enacted for the piu'poses of this consolidated corporation: 
Provided, however, that the words, " the Allopathic CoUeges " in said act shall he struck 
out, and the said act shall be amended by inserting the words, " any medical college " in 
lieu of the said words stricken out. 

Sec. 3. That the said act entitled "An Act to incorporate the HnuKeopathic ]\Iedical 
College of Pennsylvania," approved as aforesaid, shall apply to and govern in all respects 
this consolidated corporation, in the same manner and with the same power, force and 
effect as if the same had been especially re-enacted for the purpose of said consolidated 
corpiiration, exce])! such, parts of said last mentioned act as shall he and are hereby 
repealed. 

The consolidation act also made various amendments to preceding acts 
v\'hich were of an important character in that they placed the college upon 
a higher plane and on a fcr)ting equal to that of any medical school in the 
country, without limitations and withotit qtialifications as to the value of its 
diploma. On March 11. 1870, a supplementary act was passed, based tipon 
the acceptance of the act of 1869 by the colleges afifected by it, and which 
authorized the trustees, medical faculty and curators of the Hahnemann Med- 
ical College and the president, secretary and trustees of the Homfeo])athic 
Medical College to prepare by-laws and regulations for the government of 
the consolidated cor])oration. This act contemplated a reorganization of the 
governing bodies of the Hahnemann Medical College as provided under its 



HISTORY OF HO.MCEOPATHV 71 

former statutes ; and such reorganization was eftected, maintaining the board 
of corporation trustees and increasing its members to fifteen and not more 
than twenty-five, the board of professorial trustees, and also the curators or 
advisory board of examination. 

The consolidation of the rival schools under a single corporate manage- 
ment was a grand step in the direction of advanced medical education, and 
was commended by the homoeopathic medical press and profession throughout 
the country. The trustees of the college appreciated the importance of the 
action, and in their announcement of the session of 1869-70 recapitulated at 
length the history of all that had been accompHshed, and they took occasion 
to say : " By this act we have added to the previous charter of The Hahnemann 
Medical College the power to confer the degree of Doctor of Homoeopathic 
Medicine, heretofore inhering in the Homoeopathic Medical College of Penn- 
sylvania, together with the charter of the Homoeopathic Hospital. 

'■ By this legislation, the present. The Hahnemann Medical College of 
Philadelphia, holds in perpetuity the former institutions in an organic one, 
and guarantees to the alumni of each, all the rights, privileges, immunities 
and honors heretofore bestowed, as set forth in the diplomas certifying 
thereto.'" 

With the opening of the session of 1869-70 the Hahnemann Medical Col- 
lege of Philadelphia entered upon a new era in its history, and the announce- 
ment of that year made known to the medical worlcl the adoption of an 
optional three years' course, in which respect this school was the pioneer in 
the advancement of medical education. The board of corporation trustees 
had become possessed of the college building on Filbert street, and the session 
was opened there October 11. 1869. with one hundred and thirty-two matricu- 
lants. In the meantime the teaching corps had been recast in accordance with 
the new conditions, but the personnel of the faculty of the two previous ses- 
sions was preserved, the additions being Walter Williamson, emeritus pro- 
fessor of oljstetrics. and the election of Malcolm Mactarlan to the chair of 
clinical surgery. 

In the adoption of the (i])tional three years' graded course the Hahnemann 
Medical College of Philadelphia opened the way into an advanced field of 
medical education. The new course at tliat time could not for various reasons 
l)e made compulsory. l)ut its importance was urged upon the profession in the 
belief that every physician who honestly desired to aid the work of real prog- 
less in the houKeopathic school would endeavor tt> influence students to avail 
themselves of the advantages it offered for more thorough prejiaration tor 
tile i)ractice of the i)roftssion. The new re(|uireineTit was generally accepted, 
and soon became so deservedly jxipular that it was adopted by i^tlier hoime- 
opatbic colleges, and indirectl\ it forced the alltipathic school into similar 
action, although the latter nescr would concede that its actitni was intln- 
( need 1)\ ideas originating with aii\ other than its own expiMients: but still 
the fact remains. Xaturall\ the Hahnemann faculty was encouraged b\ the 
good results achieved, and was stimulated to still greater elYorts in advancing 
the standard of medical education and the conse(|nent p»tpiilarit\ it trained f«^r 
their college. .\ hospital, loo. was now under considiMation anil etYorts were 
being made to its establishment for the benefit of tlu- clinical deparlinenl .iiul 
tile practical instruction to be furnished students in surLjerx. 

In 1H71 an innovation was siiggestid in tin- proposition to maki- ll.ihne 
nianii a cn-i-diu atidual mslitiitit)n. In that \ear thr triisins .innomuiil that 



72 HISTORY OF H():\ia':OPATHY 

they had been influenced ti; provide a separate course for women, and after 
further consideration of the i-ubject, the registrar was directed to advertise 
such a course in the homoeopathic journals. Xo lectures were held, however, 
on this course. During the next lew years several im])ortant faculty changes 
were made. With the close of ihc session of 1870-71 Drs. Hering and Raue 
' withdrew from the school, and although both were urged to accept emeritus 
professorships the honor was declined. These changes came in the natural 
order of things, and were not the result of faculty differences. There were 
other changes, too, during the same period, but the college continued to grow 
in strength and usefulness, with an increasing yearly attendance, and gradu- 
ating classes proportionately large. The dii)loma of the college was now equal 
to that of any medical institution in the country. 

In 1874 a circular anncnmcement ]iroclaimed that ])rizes would be awarded 
for ])roficiency in scholarship, which had the eft'ect to stimulate a friendly 
competition among the students, and a commendaljle ambition to excel in class 
standing. At the commencement in 1875 fifty-one diplomas were awarded. 
The general microscopic prize was presented to George W. Deitz. a Prussian 
student; the second prize went to George A. Evans of Minnesota: the third 
— the Thomas prize — to James H. Hamer of Pennsylvania ; the Martin prize 
to E. S. Breyfogle of Ohio ; and the Gause prizes to George A. Evans of 
Alinnesota. .Sanuiel ]\I. Cleveland of Pbiladclpbia, and Robert L. Dart of 
Pennsylvania. 

These indeed were prosperous times in the history of the school ; the 
classes were always well filled with students of intelligence : the attendance 
was even greater than the warmest friends of the college had expected : the 
faculty members took a deep interest in their work, and each succeeding term 
witnessed some new evidence of progress in the methods of both didactic 
and clinical teaching. At the commencement held in 1876 fifty-four more 
active young men went out from the college into the professional world as 
well equipi)ed for their life work as ever took a diploma from any medical 
school of whatever creed. In this year other important changes were made 
in the teaching force, anrl as the older facultv members retired their chairs 
were filled with new material, drawn largely from the alumni of the college. 
Dr. Morgan was succeeded in the chair of surgery by Dr. James H. McClel- 
land, then and now of Pittsburg, whose professorshi]i was designated as that 
of principles of surgery and clinical surgery, and at the same time Dr. C. M. 
Thomas was made lecturer on clinical and operative surgery. Prof. Martin 
retired from the chair of ])racticc. and Dr. Jabez P. Dake. formerly of the 
Homceopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania, was elected to succeed him. 
Dr. Macfarlan also retired, and Dr. Smith's chair of in.stitutes and clinical 
medicine was abolished. Dr. August Korndoerfer was made professor of 
clinical medicine, and ?lering, the founder, was elevated to the emeritus pro- 
fessorship of institutes and materia medica. Dr. !>. Frank Betts. who had 
previously lecturefl on physiology and microscopic anatomy, was advanced to 
the new chair of gynecology, wbilr Dr. Pemberton Dudley was a])pointed to 
P)etts' vacant chair. 

This infusion of new material into the faculty awakened a renewed inter- 
est in the welfare of the school and a general desire to still further advance 
its standard of usefulness; and in carrving out the i^lans then formulated a 
supplemental course of instruction for the especial benefit of two-year students 
was provided to bo opened at the end of the regular session, and continue to 



74 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

the end of June. For the session of 1878-79 there were one hundred and 
ninety-two matriculants, and at the next commencement, at which Dr. Dudley 
delivered the valedictory address, sixty-one graduates received diplomas. In 
1880 the graduates numbered seventy-five, and eighty-three in 1881. The 
average attendance at the college was now about one hundred and seventy- 
five, and the large classes, with several members of the faculty always engaged, 
soon made it apparent that more commodious quarters were necessary. This 
matter had been discussed for some time in faculty and trustee meetings, but 
there were reasons, chief!}- financial, why more definite action was not taken ; 
and again, there was not then the most cordial relation between the hospital 
and faculty boards, the former holding the title of both the hospital and college 
buildings. This mention opens a subject of considerable importance in the 
history of the institution, and one which involved the governing bodies in an 
animated discussion, with final victory to the professorial trustees, although 
the corporation trustees were of the belief that the other side had yielded to 
them. In narrating the events of this ]5criod of history of the college Dr. 
Dudley, who was an active participant in all that took place, sums uj) the 
situation in this manner : 

'■ The members of the faculty at last grew desperate. They felt sure of 
the support and sympathy of some of the corporation trustees, but it could 
avail them little so long as afliairs maintained their present status. They 
finally determined to suggest to the board that they, the trustees, should take 
the hospital charter, the hospital property and the college building and do as 
they pleased with them, and that the faculty should take the college charter 
and its personal property and go out to complete their organization and under- 
take the work of college improvement in their own way. It happened, how- 
ever, that while the faculty delayed (for reasons known to themselves) a 
similar leaven was working in the board of trustees, and presently that identi- 
cal proposition reached the faculty from the trustees. Of course, it was 
promptly accepted, and the division was quickly consummated. And so. in 
the spring of 1884. the Hahnemann Medical College stripped herself of her 
accumulated possessions, save only her library and museum, and without a 
dollar in her treasury started out from the home that had sheltered her for 
thirty-six years. Yet she carried with her a stainless reputation, her cherished 
failh, her indomitable purpose. Some of the members of the old board known 
to be in hearty sympathy with the coUege plans and enterprises were invited 
and kindly consented to serve in the new organization. Other prominent and 
public-spirited men of business were secured, besides several homieopathic 
physicians." 

With the college charter as sole assets the professorial trustees of the 
Hahnemann ^ledical College laid the foundation of a new medical school 
and clinical hospital. This was accomplished by an agreement of association 
with the trustees of the Homoeopathic Hospital and an order of the Court of 
Commqn Pleas of the Countv of Philadelphia, of date Mav 16. 1885. ratifying 
and confirming all that had been done by the parties to the compact, and 
bringing into existence the consolidated corporation to be known henceforth 
as " The Hahnemann Medical College and Hospital of Philadelphia." The 
order of the court reads as follows : 

In the Court of Common Pleas Xo. 2. tor the Countv of Philadelphia. 

And )iow. lliis sixteenth day of May. A. D. i<S85. tlie within application for the con 
soHdation and merger of The .Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia and Tlie 



HISTORY OF H0:MCE0PATHY 75 

Homceopalhic Hospital of Philadelphia into one corporation, having been presented to 
the court, accompanied by due proof of publication and notice thereof, and no cause 
having been shown to the contrary, it is. on motion of William C. Hannis, Esq.. ordered 
and decreed that, upon recording of the same, the said two corporations shall merge 
and be consolidated into one corporation, under the name, stj'le and title of The Hahne- 
mann Medical College and Hospit?.! of Philadelphia, on terms, limitations and 
powers set forth in the within application. (Signed) D. Xewlix Fell. 

(Seal of the Court.) 




.\n Operation l)y Pn^f. C. .M. 'riinnias. 



I Ik- piocccdino^s by whuh llu- tlcsirc-d end was accoinpli.-^lu'il wii*. 1< uu. 
complex and formal, and rcciiiircd mature (klibcration, for the consolidation 
necessitated clian}.;es in the character of the iittvernini^ htuly of the collej^e. 
resij^nations and suhslitiUions, and a complete investitme of the previous 
ri}.,dUs and powers of the j.iint bodies in the single hoard of professorial trus- 
tees. Indeed the entire material fabric o\ the new organization was required 
to be carefidl) wrought, for the successor Imdv had an idtimate object in view 
which called for the exercise of careful diplomacy on their part; and thev 
proved e(|uai to the occasion, and accomplished all that was sought, without 
friction and wilhout inti-rfi-niice with the work of thi' educational department 
of llic iMJUor. riu- st\er;d n>olutions and a}.;reemeiUs b\ which matters 



16 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

were finally adjusted were of an interestinj^ and important character and 
reflected something of the business capacity of the ])rofessorial trustees in 
office at the time the separation and consolidation wore effected. 

And when the faculty had been made secure in all that was sought, the 
homoeopathic medical profession was informed of the determination to erect 
as soon as possible a college building that woidd meet every requirement of a 
first-class medical school, with ample ])rovision for ])ractical and clinical instruc- 
tion as an essential part of college work. In the meantime the new organiza- 
tion was carrying forward the usual courses of instruction with the facilities 
at command, but other agencies were operating in the selection of a site for 
the proposed new structure. The property on Xorth Broad and Fifteenth 
streets was purchased in 1882 and 1883, at a cost of $104,500; ground for the 
new building was broken in 1884; the cornerstone was laid with appropriate 
ceremony November 6 of that year, and the dedicatory services of the com- 
pleted structure were held during the week of Sei)tember 20, 1886, taking the 
place of the usual ]:)reliminary lectures. The occasion was one of congratula- 
tion and marked the beginning of a new era in the history of the college. 
The corporation was now the owner of one of the largest and most complete 
medical college buildings in the country, and with the enlarged faculty chosen 
to instruct students in the science of medicine and surgery, no similar institu- 
tion offered better advantages. And there was something remarkable in the 
fact that this body of withdrawing facidty members should in such a short 
time build up an edifice so complete, attractive and costly. This alone shows 
that they were men of business, and that they possessed the confidence of men 
of influence and wealth who were willing to identify themselves with the 
establishment of an institution of medical learning and were able to con- 
tribute to its material support. In 1884 the faculty of the college had nothing 
but a charter ; two years later they had a splendid college building and good 
hospital facilities. Indeed, when we consider what was done in two short 
years the conclusion must be that the factors in the work were men of 
achievement and progress, lender the new frame of government they were 
included in the first board of trustees of the consolidated corporation, the 
personnel of which was as follows: William H. Brown. George C. Thomas. 
Dr. Amos Russell Thomas. George Burnham. Dr. B. Frank Betts. E. Burgess 
Warren. William K. Ramborger. Dr. Pemberton Dudley, Richard A. Lewis, 
Francis W. Kennedy, Dr. John E. James, Lemuel Coffin, John B. Stevenson. 
Dr. Charles Mohr. William C. Hannis. James W. McAllister, Dr. Matthew S. 
Williamson. Richard G. Oellers. John Hunter. Dr. William B. Trites. John 
Dick. Dr. Caleb S-. Middleton. Dr. Joseph C. Guernsey. Dr. Raljih C. vSmith 
and William McGeorge. 

The new condition established bv the order of die C'oninion I'K'as neces- 
sitated reformation of the statutes regulating the college government. 'Idle 
time had now come when a radical change in the frame of government must 
be made, if the institution in future was to be maintained on an elevated plane, 
and such was the aim of those who were mf)lding its |)olicy. 'i'he new b\-laws 
provided for a board of trustees of t\\ent\ -bv e nieniliers, five to be chosen 
from the faculty, five from the medical i)rofession at large, and fifteen laymen. 
Provision also was made for a faculty of not less than seven ]^rofessors. desig- 
nated as follows : Amos Russell Thomas. Lenniel Stephens. (")wen B. Cause, 
E. A. Farrington. B. Frank Ik'tts. Pemberton Dudley. Charles Al. Thomas, 
Tohn E. lames. Charles ]\fohr and William C. Goodno. 'i'bese were the men 



78 ' HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

• — physicians and teachers — who were chiefly instrumental in accomplishing 
the wonderful changes in the character of the college during the preceding 
two or three years, although the name of Dr. McClatchcy must be mentioned 
in the same connection. 

The session of 1886-87 opened with one hundred and seventy-three 
matriculants. The introductory lecture was delivered by Professor Dudley, 
whose remarks related in part to the history and growth of the college, a 
subject with which he was fully conversant, he having been a factor in that 
history almost since the college was founded in 1867. In addition to the 
regular faculty there were now ten lecturers and four demonstrators, and 
naturally there were some changes during the session. Dr. Stephens resigned 
and his chair was given to Dr. Charles Stockton Gauntt. Dr. Mohr, of the 
chair of clinical medicine and physical diagnosis, was elected to the new 
chair of materia medica and therapeutics. Dr. J. N. Mitchell was made 
adjunct professor of obstetrics. With this session the previous optional three 
years' course was made compulsory. In 1890 a plan for a full four years' 
course was presented, and in 1894 it was put in operation, the spring or pre- 
liminary course being then discontinued. 

The adoption of the compulsory four years' course necessitated still other 
faculty changes. Dr. William B. VanLennep was made associate professor 
of surgery, and Dr. Oliver S. Haines, former lecturer, became professor of 
clinical medicine. The session of 1894-95 opened with two hundred and sixty- 
five matriculants, and at its close sixty-one degrees in medicine were con- 
ferred. The college now was in a decidedly healthful condition and the suc- 
cessful results which rewarded the efforts of its faculty were a source of 
gratification in all homoeopathic circles. In noting the improved conditions 
in the college life at about this time. Dr. Bradford says : " What a change 
from the old fashion in the college on Filbert street, when all the students 
assembled together to listen to lectures ! Now we find lectures going on 
simultaneously in several class rooms. The classes are divided into freshmen, 
sophomores, jvmiors and seniors. Hahnemann has become a graded school 
than which no medical college stands higher." 

In 1895 still further changes and additions were made in the teaching 
force, some of which were of an important character. Professor VanLennep 
was appointed to the chair of surgery, his present office, succeeding Dr. James, 
who was transferred to the chair of gynecology in place of Dr. Betts, who had 
resigned. Dr. J. Nicholas Mitchell resigned his chair of pediatrics, and 
Dr. Thomas J. Gramm was made professor of obstetrics, the subject of pedi- 
atrics being added to the duties of Dr. Bigler's chair of physiology. Charles 
Piatt, Ph.D., F. C. S., succeeded Dr. Hamer in the chair of chemistry. In 
October of this year Dr. Thomas died, after an illness of two years, during 
which time a part of his regular work had been attended to by his colleagues, 
and Dr. James, the registrar, as far as possible performed the duties of the 
office of dean, which Dr. Thomas had hejd for many years. In 1896 Dr. 
Dudley was elected dean, and Dr. Mohr registrar of the faculty. Dr. H. L. 
Northrup was made professor of anatomy. In 1897 Dr. Gramm retired from 
the chair of obstetrics, and Dr. E. W. Mercer was appointed his successor. 
Dr. Rufus B. Weaver, who since 1870 had been lecturer on anatomy and 
•demonstrator, was made professor of regional and applied anatcnuy, also dem- 
onstrator, which chair he still holds and in connection with which he has ac- 
quired a world-wide reputation. Dr. Fdward R. Snadtr, lecturer since 1887 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 79 

on physical diagnosis, vras advanced to the professorship in that chair, and 
he is still on the factilt}-, a valued member of the teaching corps. In the same 
vear Dr. Clarence Bartlett, lecturer since 1890 on neurology, was made pro- 
fessor of neurology and semeiology ; and Bartlett is yet doing good work on 
the faculty in the chair of clinical medicine. Dr. P. Sharpless Hall, former 
lecturer and demonstrator of patholog)', was elected to the professorship of 
pathology and also was made director of the histological laboratories ; and his 
name is yet on the faculty rolls, incumbent of the important chair of pathology. 
In 1898 The Hahnemann Medical College and Hospital of Philadelphia 
celebrated its fiftieth anniversary, the " Golden Jubilee," a memorable event 
in the history of the institution and of homoeopathy in America. The occa- 
sion was celebrated at the close of the session of 1897-98, and was elaborately 
arranged and fully carried out. The valedictory address at the ,commence- 
ment exercises was delivered by Professor Charles M. Thomas, and the anni- 
versary address in commemoration of the fiftieth vear of college life was 
delivered by William Tod Helmuth, M.D., LL.D., of the New York HomcE- 
opathic Meidical College and Hospital, an alumnus of the Homoeopathic ^ledi' 
cal College of Pennsylvania, class of '53, and one of the most eminent surgeons 
and teachers of surgery in the world. His original ode t'"' his alma mater, 
which is given here, won for him the title of " Poet Laur'Jce of Hahnemann." 

" Here, where my Alma Mater proudly rears 
Her noble head, the pride of fifty years 
In glory sitting on her radiant brow, 
I stand to offer willing homage now. 
First of her race who fearless dared proclaim 
Similia in the Master's mighty name ; 
First of the schools whf to the startled world 
The banner of our simpi'<; truth unfurled ; 
I love her yet. and may affection grow. 
That budded here some fifty years ago." 

The Hahnemann Medical College and Hospital of Philadelphia has com- 
pleted six years of history since the celeliration of its semi-centennial anni- 
versary, and that this brief period has been one of continued success is shown 
by the growth of the institution in all its departments, and the further fact 
that the college corporation has been able to add to its properties one of the 
largest auxiliary buildings possessed by any similar body corporate in the 
country. When the school began its history in 1848 under the name of The 
Homoeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania the faculty comprised seven 
professorships with two unfilled chairs, and there were no adjunct professors, 
lecturers or demonstrators; but now at the beginning of the second half cen- 
tury of its existence the teaching force includes eight regular faculty members 
and thirty-two additional professors and lecturers, a total corps of thirtv-nine 
instructors in all departments. At the present time, however, all conditions 
of college life have l)een changed and improved to keep pace with the march 
of medical science which has marked the last half century. 

in iS()8 there wiic two hundred and seventy students in tlie several 
classes ;ind at the close 'if the session of the year sixtv-eight graduates 
received diplomas, in llial \e;ir, loo, the faculty Ixnly was reorganized, anil 
the annoinieeininl for the fifty-second session disclosed a faculty roll of 
sixtei-n n-gular professors ;uid thir(v-two additional instructors, .^ince that 
lime tlieic li;i\'e l)i'en oilier additions and eluuii^t's, hnt \\w pers«Minel oi the 



30 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

faculty has been substantially preserved. Indeed, ii is a noticeable fact in 
connection with the history of this mother school of homoeopathy that faculty 
reorganizations have been infrequent, for the policy of the institution always 
has been to secure the best material for the positions to be filled, and to retain 
the incumbent as long as the duties of the chair are satisfactorily performed ; 
but when occasion has required the trustees have made such changes in the 
teaching corps as the elevated character of the college has made necessary, and 
the official duty in this respect has been performed fearlessly, without prejudice 
and without favor. The wisdom of this policy is shown in the work accom- 
plished during the last score of years and in the reputation which the college 
enjoys among the homoeopathic institutions of America. The best results 
have been attained since the erection of the new college building on North 
Broad street and particularly since the completion of the hospital on Fifteenth 
street ; the latter being in a sense a public institution, and an instrument of 
great usefulness both to the city of Philadelphia and the students in attendance 
upon the college courses. 

The Hahnemann Medical College and Hospital as an institution needs 
no complimentary allusion at the hands of the historian. It is known by its 
works, and its reputation extends from one end of the continent to the other 
and across the Atlantic into European countries ; and from all America it 
draws students. In the class of 1904 were sixty-six graduates, representing 
students from ten diiiferent states and Canada ; and that class of three score 
and six young men went out into the professional world as well prepared to 
battle with the ills which afflict mankind as the graduates of any medical 
school m the land. The diploma of their alma mater is everywhere recog- 
nized as the equal of that of any similar institution in America. 

From the time the college was founded in 1848 to the close of the fifty- 
sixth session in 1904, there have graduated from the Homoeopathic jNIedical 
College of Pennsylvania and its successor the Hahnemann Medical College 
and Hospital of PMiiladelphia the aggregate of twenty-seven hundred and 
fifty-five doctors of medicine, from the old school a total of six hundred and 
sixty-seven and from the successor a total of two thousand and eighty-eight. 
The number of graduates from the latter for each year since 1868 is as 
follows: 1868, 26; 1869, 35; 1870, 49: 1871, 54; 1872, 51 ; 1873, 47; 1874, 27; 
1875, 51 ; 1876, 54; 1877. 51 ; 1878. 53: 1879. 61 ; 1880, 75; 1881, 83; 1882, 57; 
1883, 52; 1884, 41; 1885, 48; 1886, 56; 1887, 48; 1888, 48; 1889, 65; 1890, 
65; 1891, 59; 1892, 63; 1893, -JT, 1894, 68; 1895, 61; 1896, 75; 1897. 37; 
1898, 68; 1899, 70; 1900, 58; 1901, 52; 1902, 68; 1903, 69; 1904, 66. 

The strength and the influence of the Hahnemann Medical College and 
Hospital of Philadelphia have been largely attained through the ability and 
capacity of its faculty, and the disposition of its trustees and managers at all 
times to provide students with every possible means to acquire a thorough 
medical education. When the first faculty was organized in 1867 Dr. Hering 
drew about him some of the best teaching talent known to the homoeopathic 
school, and each professor, with a single exception, was an experienced teacher 
in the chair he was chosen to fill ; and what was true of the professional quali- 
ties of the faculty at that time has been true of that body in all later years, 
even to the end of the session of 1903-04, and is equally true to-day. In an 
earlier part of this chajiter allusion is made to several members of the faculty 
who previously had held chairs in the old first college and afterward were 
identified with tlie teaching force of the successor institution, hence no men- 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 81 

tion will be made of them in this place ; and there are those, too, of the faculty 
of the college at the present time who for many years have been rnembers 
of that body, and of whom mention will be found in later volumes of this work. 
However, before commenting- on the lives and attainments of the faculty of 
the college, it is proper that there be made for convenient reference a record 
of members of that body from 1867 to 1904, and the chairs they have been 
appointed to fill. 

Hering, Constantine, Insts. and Mat. Med.. 1867-69; Insts. and Prac. of Med., 
1869-70; Insts. and Mat. Med., 1870-71; Emer. Prof. Insts. and ^lat. Med., 1876-80. 

Guernsey, Henry N., Obst. and Dis. of Women and Chil., 1867-69; Insts. and 
Mat. Med., 1871-74; Emer. Prof, of same, 1874-75. 

Raue, Charles G., Prac. of Med., Spec. Path., and Thera., 1867-68; Prac. of Med., 
Spec. Path., and Diag., 1868-71. 

Morgan, John C., Surgery, 1867-75; Emer. Prof, of same, 1875-76; Lect. on History 
and Insts. of Med., 1886-87; Insts. of Med., 1887-90. 

Martin, Henry Noah. Midwif. and Dis. of Women and Chil., and Lect. on Clin. 
Med., 1867-68; Clin. Med., 1868-72; Prac. and Clin. Med., 1872-73; Prac. of Med. and 
Dis. of Chil., 1873-74; Prac. of Med., Gen. and Spec. Path, and Diag., 1874-76. 
Thomas, Amos Russell, Anat., 1867-95. Dean, 1874-95. 
Stephens, Lemuel, Nat. Phil., Chem. and Toxicol., 1867-86. 
Koch, Richard, Gen. Path, and Micro. Anat., 1867-73. Registrar, 1867-73. 
Cause, Owen B.. Midwif. and Dis. of Women and Chil., 1867-76; Puer. Dis. and 
Dis. of Infants, 1876-88; Emer. Prof, of Obst., 1888-95. Registrar, 1873-88. 

Dudley, Pemberton, Chem.. 1868-69; Physiol, and Micro. Anat., 1876-80; Physi. and 
San. Sci., 1880-90; Physiol., Insts. of Med. and Hyg., 1890-91; Insts. of Med. and Hyg-, 
1891-1904. Dean, 1896-1903. 

Williamson, Walter, Emer. Prof. Obst. and Dis. of Women and Chil., 1869-71. 
Macfarlan, Malcolm, Clin. Surgj'., 1869-76. 

Smith, C. Carleton, Spec. Path, and Diag., 1872-73; Insts. and Clin. Med., 1873-76. 
Haeseler, Charles H., Prac. of Med., Spec. Path, and Diag., 1871-72. 
Betts. B. Frank, Physiol, and Micro. Anat., 1873-76; Gynecol.. 1876-86: Gynecol. 
Paedol., 1886-94; Gynecol., 1894-95. 

Farrington. Ernest A., Gen. and Spec. Path, and Diag., 1873-74; Mat. Med.. 1874-76; 
Insts. and Mat. Med., 1876-79; Mat. Med., 1879-81: Insts. and Mat. Med., 1881-86. 
McClelland, James H., Princ. of Surgy. and Clin. Surgy.. 1876-78. 
Dake, Jabez P., Path, and Princ. and Prac of Med., i8'76-77. 
Korndoerfer, Augustus, Clin. Med., 1876-79; Insts. and Clin. Med., 1879-81. 
McClatchey, Robert J., Path, and Prac. of Med.. 1S77-83. 

Thomas, Charles M.. Opcr. Surg>'. and Clin. Surg>-. and Ophthal.. 1878-89; Clin. 
Surgy. and Ophthal., 1889-92; Ophthal. and Otolo., 1892-1904. 

Goodno William C. Path, and Prac. of Med.. 1883-96; Prac. of Med., 1896-1904. 
Mohr, Charles, Clin. Med. and Phvs. Diag., t88vS6; Mat. Med. and Thera.. 1886- 
1904. 

Gauntt, Charles Stockton. Nat. Phil.. Gen. and Med. Chem.. 1886-80. 
Mitchell, Nicholas J., Obst., 1888-94; Obst. and Pedia.. 181)4-05. 
Oatley, Eugene L.. Chem., 1889-91. 

Biglcr, William II., Asso. Prof. Physiol. iSoo-gi ; Phvsiol.. 181)1-95; Phvsiol. and 
Pediat., 1895-1904. 

Hamer, James Ilenry, Chem,, t8c)i-95. 

Howard, F.rving Melville, Asso. Prof. Mat, Med., 1804-11)04. 
VanLcDnep. William R.. .\sso. Prof, of Surgy.. 1S04-05 : Surgv., i8i)5-!(xm. 
Ilaincs, Oliver Sloan, Clin. Med., 1894-1002: CJin, Med. and .\sso. Prof, oi Thora . 
1902-04. , 

Graniin, Theodore J., Ohstot., iSi);-i)7. 

Plait. Charles. Ph.D.. F.C S.. Chem. and Toxi,. 181)5 n»4. 

Northrop. Herbert L.. .\iial.. i8<)(-I(K>2: Anal, and .\sso. Prof, of Snrny . ux>.' m 
Mercer, F.dw.ird W., Obsiet., 1807-1002. 

Weaver, Rufns B., Reniunal aixl Applic! An.il. .111. i IVm . iSo; ii>m ■ Ke». and 
Applied Anal.. l<)ui-04. 



32 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

Srader, Edward R., Phys. Diag.. 1897-1904. 

Bartlett, Clarence, Neurol, and Med. Semeiol., 1897-1902; Clin. :Med. and Asso. 
Prof, of Med., 1902-04. 

Hall, P., Sharpless. Path, and Dir. of Histol. Labs., 1897-99; Path., 1899-1904. 

Chase. Theodore L., Obstet., 1902-04. 

Korndoerfer, Augustus. Jr., Obstet. and Dem., 1904-05. 

Bayley, Weston D., Neurology, 1904-05. 

The Faculty, 1904-1905:. Charles I\I. Thomas, A. M., M. D., Dean; Charles IMohr, 
M.. D. Registrar; Pemberton Dudley, M. D., LL.D., Prof, of Institutes of Medicine 
and Hygiene; Charles M. Thomas. A. M.. M. D., Prof, of Ophthalmology and Otology; 
John E. James, A. M., M. D.. Prof, of Gynecology; Charles Mohr, M. D., Prof, of 
Materia Medica and Therapeutics; William C. Goodno, M. D., Prof, of Medicine; 
William H. Bigler, A. M., M. D., Prof, of Physiology and Paediatrics; William B. 
Van Lennep, A. M.. M. D.. Prof, of Surgery; Herbert L. Northrop, M. D., Prof, of 
Anatomy and Associate Prof, of Surgery; Charles Piatt, M. D., Ph.D., Prof, of Chem- 
istry and Toxicology; P. Sharpless Hall, B. S., M. D., Prof, of Pathology; Rufus B. 
Weaver, A. M., M. D., Prof, of Regional Anatomy and Demonstrator ; Erving Melville 
Howard, B. S.. M. D., Asso. Prof, of Materia Medica ; Oliver Sloan Haines, M. D., 
Prof, of Clinical Medicine and Asso. Prof, of Therapeutics ; Edward R. Snader, 'M. D., 
Prof, of Diagnosis; Clarence Bartlett, M. D., Prof, of Clinical Medicine and Asso. 
Prof, of Medicine ; Augustus Korndoerfer, Jr., M. D., Prof, of Obstetrics and Dem- 
onstrator; Weston D. Bayley, M. D., Prof, of Neurology; J. Edgar Belville, A. M., 
M. D.. Asso. Prof, of Pathology. 

Deans of the Faculty — Old College: Walter Williamson, 1848-1851 ; William A. 
Gardiner, i85i-i8-,6; Walter Williamson, 1856-1859; Jacob Beakley. 1859-1860; Matthew 
Semple, 1860-1861 ; Silas S. Brooks, 1861-1864 ; Charles Heerman, 1 864-1 865 ; Henry N. 
Guernsey, 1865-1869. 

Deans of the Faculty — Hahnemann Medical College: Constantine Hering, 1867- 
1871 ; Henry N. Guernsey. 1871-1874; .A.mos Russell Thomas, 1874-1895; John E. James, 
Acting Dean, 1894-1896; Pemberton Dudley, 1896-1903; Charles M. Thomas, 1903. 

FACULTY RECOLLECTIONS. 

Constantine Hering was chiefly instrumental in founding three institu- 
tions of homoeopathic medical instruction — the North American Academy of the 
Homoeopathic HeaHng Art, the Homoeopathic Medical College of Pennsyl- 
vania, and the Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia— "and for almost 
half a century he was one of the guiding spirits of homoeopathy in America, 
if not in the world. His conversion to the theory first promulgated hy 
Hahnemann was due to natural causes, and while he was of an impulsive 
nature — at times erratic — he was not easily swayed by prejudice, passion or 
favor, but weighed carefully each new principle before accepting it ; and 
so it was in respect to his adoption of homoeopathy, which was the result of 
circumstances rather than an original intention to enter the new field of 
medical practice in perfect good faith. The events of Dr. Hering's life are 
recorded in the chapters devoted to the history of homoeopathy in Pennsvl- 
vania. 

Charles Gottleib Raue was the close friend of Hering, although twentv 
years liis junior, and through his persuasions was induced to emigrate to Amer- 
ica and identify his fortunes with the homoeopathic school of medicine, in which 
he achieved a wide reputation as a physician, teacher and author, for he was 
a rrian of splendid abilities and deservedly popular with the entire profession. 
He too was a native of Saxony, born near Loebau, May 20, 1820, and was 
educated at the College of Teachers, at Bautzen. Later he taught school and 
at the same time gave special attention to the sttidy of psvchologv. drawing 
inspiration from the works of Beneke, of Berlin. ?Te came to .America in 
1847, 3ri<^ '" 1850 ^oo^"^ ^lis degree from the Philadelphia College of Medicine. 






HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 83 

His preceptor in homceopathy was Hering, and the scene of his early pro- 
fessional life was laid in three states, first in Delaware, at Wilmington, then 
in New Jersey, at Trenton, and afterward in Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia, 
where he lived from 1858 to the time of his death, August 21, 1896. In 1864 
he was elected to the chair of special pathology and therapeutics in the old 
college, and taught there until 1867, when that professorship was abolished. 
Then with Hering and others who had withdrawn from the facultv he was 
active in organizing the Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia, taking 
the same chair in the new institution. He retired from the faculty in 1871. 
and afterward devoted his attention to practice and medical writing. He was 
an author of prominence and produced several standard medical and scientific 
works which w^ere used by the profession in general and also as text books 
in the homoeopathic colleges. Raue's literary efforts covered the entire period 
of his professional life, and his "Psychology as a Natural Science Applied to 
the Solution of Occult Psychic Phenomena," 1889, is said to have been re- 
garded Ijy metaphysicians as one of the most learned works extant on that 
subject. I-"or five years he was editor of Raue's " Annual Record of Homce- 
opathic Literature," and his best medical work was " Special Pathology and 
Diagnosis," 1868, better known to the profession the world over as " Raue's 
Pathology." 

John Coleman Morgan, first of the chair of anatomy and afterward of 
surgery in the old college, followed the fortunes of Hering and others in 1867 
and withdrew from that institution and became the first professor of surgerv 
in the Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia, holding that position 
until the close of the session of 1875-76, when he was elected to the chair of 
theory and practice in the homceopathic department of the Universitv of Mich- 
igan at Ann Arbor. He came again to the Hahnemann faculty in 1876. con- 
tinued his relations with the college until 1890, when he retired and soon re- 
moved to Vineland, New Jersey. Dr. Morgan was born in Philadelphia in 
1831, and after leaving school became a drug clerk and later surgeon's stewanl 
in the navy. In 1850 he matriculated at the Pennsylvania Medical Colleiio. 
and graduated in 1852. The next year he was appointed professor of materia 
medica in Penn Medical University, where both homoeopatiiv and allopath v 
were taught, and as he gave lectures to all students his action was severelv 
criticised by old school associates. He thereupon discarded his former methods 
and became a honncopath. He married in Philadelphia in 1856 and removed 
to Hamilton, llHnois, but soon afterward to St. Louis. Missouri, where in 
1857 he was one of the founders of the Homoeopathic Medical College of Mis- 
souri. In 1858 he settled in Alton, Illinois, and during the war was one of 
the few hom(eopathic physicians and surgeons who succeeded in securing a 
surgeon's commission. His regiment was the 2()th Missouri \"ol. Inf., and 
at the close of the war his services were commended even bv allopaths who 
never before lost an opj)ortunity to condemn all things that savored oi homa*- 
opathy. In 1865 l^r. Morgan returned to IMiihuIelphia, and upon the rei^r- 
ganization of the facultv nf tlu' coUeg*- in that \ear he was called to the chair 
of anatomy. 

Henry Xoah Martin was another member of the first facultv o\ Haluu- 
maim. elert<d in 18^)7 to the chair of midwifer\' and diseases of women ami 
chiMriii, ami also of clinical medicine. He was tlu-reafter a part oi the facultv 
life ill oiu- capacitv or anotluT luitil i87<>, when he retired, lie is remembered 
as an excellent teacher, an i-iUiit.iiuiiig lecturer, a capable pinsiciau. ami a 



84 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

warm friend of medical education. He appreciated somethino- of the difficul- 
ties of acquiring^ knowledge under adverse conditions, for his own earlv life 
was one of vicissitudes. Dr. Martin was born in Albion, Orleans county, 
New York, October 20, 1829, and was given a good elementary education pre- 
paratory to the classical course intended for him by his father, Imt reverses of 
fortune came to the family, and physical employment in a measure replaced 
the work of the class room. However, young Martin did acquire a good 
academic education, and then began the study of law, but after a severe illness 
took up medicine in its stead. His parents had removed to Vermont in' 1839, 
but in 1850 he went to Buffalo, New York, where he read medicine, and 
maintained himself by newspaper work. In 1861 he entered the army and 
won a lieutenant's commission, but in 1862 was discharged for physical dis- 
abilities. Late in 1863 ^i^ matriculated at the medical department of the Uni- 
versity of Buffalo, but soon transferred his attendance to the Homoeopathic 
Medical College of Pennsylvania, where he took his diploma in 1865. He 
practiced in Buffalo until 1867, then removed to Philadelphia and at the open- 
ing of the first session of Hahnemann Medical College was a member of the 
faculty, in the chair which now is that of obstetrics ; and during his connection 
with the school, and also in his private practice. Dr. Martin was a gynecologist 
of excellent repute. 

Amos Russell Thomas of the original faculty began his career as a teacher 
of medicine in the capacity of demonstrator of anatomy in the Pennsylvania 
Medical University, his alma mater. Afterward he was professor of artistic 
anatomy in the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and still later held a 
similar position in the School of Design for Women. In 1867 he was the 
first incumbent of the chair of anatomy in Hahnemann Medical College, and 
thereafter for a period of almost thirty years was one of the brightest lights 
of homoeopathy in that school. He was dean of the faculty from 1874 to 1895. 
Dr. Thomas' life is made the subject of mention in another volume of this 
work. 

Lemuel Stephens took the chair of natural philosophy, chemistry and tox- 
icology in the college in 1867, and was a member of the faculty until t886. 
His connection with the older school began in 1863. mention of which is made 
in an earlier part of this chapter. 

Richard Koch, first incumbent of the chair of physiology, general path- 
ology and microscopic anatomy, and whose connection with the college con- 
tinued from 1867 to 1873, during which time he also was registrar, originally 
was an old school physician, a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania 
in 1863, and subsequently a convert to homoeopathy. 

Pemberton Dudley first became a part of the teaching force of the col- 
lege in 1868. in the chair of chemistry. He is still a member of the faculty — 
senior member — actively engaged in professorial work. His record as a fac- 
tor in the college history and the field of professional life will be found in a 
later volunie. 

Malcolm Macfarlan was i)r()fess()r of clinical surgery from 1869 to 1876, 
but his connection with the teaching force of the jjredecessor college began 
in 18^)7, in the chair of surgery. Dr. Macfarlan is a native of Klderslie, Ren- 
frewshire. Sc(5tlan(l. born lune 8, 1841. He came to America with his parents 
in 1846. His meclical education was acquired chiefly in P.ellevue Hospital 
Medical College and the medical (lo]iartment of Yale, where he took his de- 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 85 

gree. He was a convert to homoeopathy and a valuable acquisition to the new 
school. He is still in practice in Philadelphia. 

C. Carleton Smith, born in Philadelphia September 27, 1833, was gradu- 
ated from the New York Homoeopathic jMedical College in 1861, a member 
of its first class. He began practice in Stamford, Conn., and four years later 
removed to Chicago, Illinois, where he was elected to the chair of theory and 
practice in Hahnemann Medical College of that city. In 1870 he removed to 
Philadelphia, and two years later was called to the chair of special pathology 
and diagnostics in this college, which professorship he resigned at the close 
of the session of 1875-76. 

Charles Herman Haeseler, w^ho held the chair of practice of medicine, 
special pathology and diagnostics a few weeks during the session of 1871-72, 
was of German birth and parentage, born March 30, 1833, the son of an old 
school physician who was an early practitioner of medicine in Pennsylvania. 
Professor Haeseler graduated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons 
of New York city in 1853, ^"^ in 1863 served as assistant surgeon of the 
20th Penna. Cav. in defense of the state against the confederate invasion : 
and in recognition of his efficient service in successfully checking a threat- 
ened epidemic of diphtheria in his regiment while in the field, this exemplar 
of homoeopathy was presented with a handsome sword. Dr. Haeseler was a 
practical man and possessed an abundant fund of humor. He loved travel and 
mdulged himself in that direction to a considerable extent, and his tastes in- 
clined to literary work, but not at the expense of his practice. 

Benjamin Franklin Betts was an active force in the college history for 
more than twenty years, during which time he gave instruction in the branches 
of physiology, microscopic anatomy and gynecology. He was horn in Bucks 
county, Penna., December i, 1845. matriculated at the old school in 1866, 
transferred his attendance to Hahnemann in 1867, and there took his diploma 
in 1868. He afterward traveled extensively in Europe, and on returning to 
America began practice, married, and in 1872 served for a time as quiz 
master in the college. In 1895 he resigned his chair of gynecology and devoted 
himself to professional work. 

Ernest A, Farrington succeeded to the chair of pathology and diagnosis 
in 1873, but previous to that time had lectured on forensic medicine since 
1870. In 1874 he succeeded Prof. Guernsey in the chair of materia niedica, 
and performed its duties until his death, December 17, 1885; and with his 
death homoeopathy lost a most worthy exemplar, and this college one of the 
bright ligh.ts of its faculty. He was an excellent teacher, an entertaining lec- 
turer, was popular with the students, all holding him in high esteem, and 
learning of and from him. Dr. Farrington was l)orn in Williamsburg, Long 
Island. New York, January i. 1847, ^"^^ ^'^^^^ medicine with his brother. Ho 
entered the old college in 1866, the new one in the next \ear. where he was 
graduated in March. 1868. lie lectured during the summer course in iSu) 
and iiecame a regular instructor in 1870. 

James H. McClelland succeeded Prof. Morgan in the chair of surgery in 
1876, and was a member of the faculty until 187S. when he resigned. Or. 
McClelland was born in Pittsburgh. Penna., May 20. 1845. Ilis preceptors 
in medicine were Drs. Jabez P. Dake and J. C. Burgher, and tlie Honuvo- 
p.ilhic Medical College of Pennsylvania was his alma mater, class of '67. lie 
lias .'dways practiced in liis native city, and is a surgeon widel\' known in ihc 
professional world. 




Prof. Weaver and his Analomical Ma-ti rincce. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY S7 

Augustus Korndoerfer, born Philadelphia, October 2^, 1843, matricu- 
lated, 1866, at the Homoeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania, graduated 
from the Hahnemann MedicalXollege of Philadelphia, 1868, and has always 
practiced in Philadelphia. He was called to the chair of clinical medicine in 
the college in 1876 and served on the facultv until the close of the session of 
1880-81. 

Robert John McClatchey was professor of practice of medicine in the 
college from 1877 to the close of the session of 1882-83. In the old college 
he was demonstrator of anatomy during the session of 1857-58; professor of 
anatomv from 1867 to 1869, ^"^ o^ pathology and practice of medicine from 
1877 to 1883. He was born in Philadelphia April 6, 1836, studied medicine 
under the elder Helmuth, and took his degree from the old college in 1856. 
He always was an earnest worker in the professor's chair as well as in his 
private practice, and he held a high place in homoeopathic circles, especially 
in its organized societies where he frequently was an officer. Dr. McClatchey 
died January I5,'i883. 

Charles M. Thomas, dean of the faculty and one of the guiding spirits 
of the Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia, is a son of the late Doctor 
and Professor Amos Russell Thomas, who for so many years was a conspicu- 
ous character in the life of the institution. The younger Thomas began his 
direct connection with the school as curator of the museum and college libra- 
rian, in 1874; was made demonstrator of surgery in 1875; lecturer on oper- 
ative surgery and clinical surgery in 1876, and was elevated to the professor- 
ship of operative surgery, ophthalmology and otology in 1878. The chro- 
nology of his later faculty work is noted elsewhere in this chapter, but it is 
seen that his relations with the teaching department of the college covers a 
period of thirty years. Dr. Thomas was born in \\'atertown. Xew York, in 
1849, ^"d took his medical degree from this college in \%f\. 

William C. Goodno began his medical education at Geneva Medical Col- 
lege in Geneva, New York, but took his degree from this college in 1870. 
He was made demonstrator of surgery in 1878, and later lectured on micro- 
scopic histology and pathological anatomy. He was elected to the chair of 
pathology and practice of medicine in 1883. and was afterward identified 
with faculty work until 1901. Dr. Goodno was born in Kenosha. W'isconsin. 
son of Rev. '\^^ S. Goodno, a clergyman of the P>aptist church. He has con- 
tributed liberally to the literature of the profession and his writings are ac- 
cepted as standard authority. 

Charles Mohr, present incuml)eiU of tlie chair of materia niedica and 
therapeutics, registrar of the faculty, general director of the hospital statT. and 
one of the trustees of the college cor])oration, liegan his official life in the 
college as lecturer on ])harniac\' in 1870, and on clinical medicine and diag- 
nosis in 1881. He was elected ])rofessor of clinical metlicine and physical 
diagnosis in 1883, and of materia niedica and therajieutics in 1886. Thus his 
connection with the teaching dei)artnient of the college has covered a period 
i»f twenty-five years, and his service in whatever capacity .nlways has been 
faithfullv pi-rfornied. As Bradford has said: "Materia Mi-dica is his spe- 
lialtv, and bi-sides lecturing on the subject he has identifietl himself with all 
the bureaus in llu' various societies of which he is a member whose functions 
are to ascertain drug action in health and disease." Dr. Mohr was Itorn in 
riiiladelpliia .M;i\ J. i8-<.|. stn<lietl niedieine under Pr. I';n riuiLHon, and grail- 
iiatcd frnui this eollcL;e in 1875. 



88 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

Qiarles Stockton Gauntt came into the faculty of the college with ripe 
experience in medical practice and teaching, and as professor of natural phi- 
losophy, general and medical chemistry he performed excellent service from 
1885 to the close of the session of 1888-89. He was born in Pennsylvania, 
son of the late Commodore Charles Gauntt of the U. S. navy. He graduated 
in medicine at the University of Pensylvania in 1844, and afterward continued 
his studies in the universities of Great Britain. On returning to America he 
associated with Professor Rogers in his lectures on chemistry in the Franklin 
and Medical institutes of Philadelphia, and in 1849 accepted the chair of 
chemistry in Burlington College, New Jersey, where he taught three years. 
In 1856 he was called to the chair of chemistry and natural philosophy in 
Furman University, Greenville, South Carolina, and in 1863 was appointed 
acting assistant surgeon, U. S. A., at the Gettysburg general hospital. Sub- 
sequently he was for two years a member of the faculty of Girard College, 
Philadelphia, and for twenty-three years was professor of chemistry in Villa- 
nova College, Pennsylvania. In 1885 he came to the Hahnemann faculty. 
He still lives in Philadelphia. 

J. Nicholas Mitchell was appointed adjunct professor of chemistry in this 
college in 1886, and in 1888 was called to that chair, which he held until his 
resignation in 1895. " No professor was ever a greater favorite of the stu- 
dents," says the Hahnemannian Institute for January, 1897, in speaking of 
Dr. Mitchell's personal and professional qualities, " than was our late pro- 
fessor of obstetrics." >i= * * " Using no notes and speaking so clearly 
and simply that the merest freshman, who often purposely Wandered in, could 
understand him. No calls for order qr attention were needed here, and lucky 
was the man who heard a course of lectures from Dr. Mitchell." He was 
born in Philadelphia April 10, 1847, and while an employee of the Lancaster 
Locomotive Works in Lancaster, Penna., he took up the study of medicine 
with Dr. Samuel H. Metzgar. In 1871 he entered this college, a private pupil 
of Dr. Thomas, whose daughter he subsequently married. He took his med- 
ical degree in 1873. ^"^ then began his connection with faculty work as assist- 
ant to Dr. Weaver in demonstrating anatomy and also in lecturing at the 
summer courses until 1876, when he was appointed demonstrator of obstetrics, 
giving the first practical course on that subject delivered in Philadelphia. 

Fugcne Lyman Oatley held the chair of chemistry from 1889 to the time 
of his death in 1891. He was made demonstrator of chemistry in 1886, and 
was advanced to the professorship three years later. He was born in Utica, 
New York, October 13, 1859, and graduated from Cornell in 1881. He 
entered this college in 1883 and took his degree in 1886. 

William Howard Bigler, present professor of physiology and pediatrics, 
began his official relations with the college in 1880 as lecturer on diseases of 
the eye and ear, and served in that capacity until 1883. after which until 1890 
he lectured on ophthalmology. He was made associate professor of physi- 
ology in 1890, took the chair of physiology in 1891, and of physiology and 
pediatrics in 1895. ^^- Bigler was born in Philadelphia June 10. 1840. and is 
a graduate of the Moravian College and Theological Seminary at Bethlehem. 
Penna. He was afterward a teacher in that institution eight years. Later 
he took up the studv of medicine and graduated from this college in 1871. 

James Henry Hamer, professor of chemistry from 1891 to the end of 
the session of 1894-95, and demonstrator of chemistry from 1889 to the close 
of the session of 1893-94, was born in Montgomery county. Penna., October 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 89 

I, 1847, son of Dr. James Henry Hamer, Jr., a graduate of the medical depart- 
ment of the University of Xew York, and a grandson of Dr. James Hamer, 
Sr., a graduate of the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania 
in 1812. Professor Hamer received his diploma in medicine from this college 
in 1875, and was winner of the anatomical prize for the best dissection. 

Erving Melville Howard, now and for ten years past professor of materia 
medica in the college, is a native of Barre, ]\Iass., born September 11, 1848. 
He began the study of medicine in 1868, entered Cornell University in 1873, 
matriculated at Hahnemann in 1874, and took his medical degree in 1877. 
He was appointed lecturer on botany in 1880, on botany and pharmacy in 
1881 ; pharmacy and toxicology in 1886; pharmacy, toxicology and materia 
medica in 1887; botany, pharmacy and toxicolog}' in 1893, and was made 
associate professor of materia medica in 1894. 

William B. Van Lennep was graduated from Princeton in 1876. and 
took his medical degree from this college in 1880. Five years later he began 
his connection with the instruction department, having charge of the college 
dispensary. In 1886 he began lecturing on general pathology and morbid 
anatomy; in 1890 on surgery and general patholog}', and in 1892 on surgery. 
In 1894 he was appointed associate professor of surgen,% and in 1895 was 
elected to the chair which he now fills. Dr. Van Lennep was born December 
5, 1853, in Constantinople, Turkey, his father, Rev. H. J. Van Lennep, then 
being a missionan.' in that country. 

Oliver Sloan Haines, of the chair of clinical medicine and associate pro- 
fessor of therapeutics, is a native of Philadelphia, and a graduate of the 
Friends' Central High School of that city. His preceptor in medicine was 
Dr. J. Nicholas Mitchell. He graduated at this college with the class of 1882 
and was at once appointed resident physician at the hospital. When Dr. 
Mitchell was elected to the chair of obstetrics Dr. Haines succeeded him as 
demonstrator of obstetrics, which position he held until 1894, when he was 
made professor of clinical medicine ; and in 1902 the associate professorship 
of therapeutics was added to the duties of his chair. 

Theodore Julius Gramm, of the chair of obstetrics from 1895 to the 
present time, was born in Philadelphia March 3, 1861, and took his medical 
degree from this college in 1881. In 1891 he was appointed Clinical chief in 
the gynecological department of the hospital, which position he held five years, 
until May, 1895, when he was made junior gynecologist to the hospital, and 
at the same time was elected professor of obstetrics in the college to succeeil 
Professor Mitchell. 

Charles Piatt, Ph.D., F. C. S., of the chair of chemistry and toxicology, 
is a native of New Jersey, born at Montclair. March 16, i8(h). and is a chemist 
of wide repute. He was made a member of the Hahnematui faculty in 1804 
and since that time had been actively identified with college work. 

Herbert L. Northrop, professor of anatomy and associate ]M-ofessor of 
surgery, entered the college as a student in 1886. and graduated, honor man. 
in 1889. In i8()4 he lectured on anatomy in place of Professor Thomas, anil 
in ]H()C) was elected to succeed that eminent teacher in the chair of anatoiu\. 
In \<)()2 the associate professorship of surgery was adiled to his chair. 

I'dward W. Mercer, who was tlenionstrator of obstetrics friMU i8i)o to 
i8()7. ami jifofes.sor of obstetrics from 1S07 to \i)02. was born in Chester 
comity, I'cmi.i.. .August <^ iS5<). and graduated from this coHege in 1SS4. He 



90 HISTORY OF HOJ^ICEOPATHY 

was assistant demonstrator of histology and pathology from 1887 to i8(>). 
when he was made demonstrator of obstetrics. 

Rufus B. Weaver, of the chair of regional and applied anatomy since 
1891. but whose connection with the teaching force of the college began in 
1870, in the capacity of demonstrator of anatomy, is regarded as one of the 
veterans of the faculty as well as one of the eminent anatomists of the day. 
Professor \\'eaver was born in Gettysburg, Penna., January 10, 1841, and in 
1862 received his B. A. degree from Pennsylvania College ; and his master 
degree in course. He was graduated in medicine at the Pennsylvania Medical 
College in 1865, and afterward was a student in the medical department of 
the University of Pennsylvania and also in the Jefferson Medical College of 
Philadelphia, at the latter taking a course in clinical medicine in 1868-69. I" 
1870 he was made demonstrator of anatomy in this college, and in 1879 was 
appointed demonstrator of anatomy and lecturer on surgical anatomy ; and in 
1897 was elected to the chair which he has since so acceptably filled. 

Edward Roland Snader was elected professor of physical diagnosis in 
1897, and now holds that chair. He was demonstrator in 1887-88. and lec- 
turer and demonstrator from 1888 to 1892, from which time to 1897 he was 
lecturer on physical diagnosis. Dr. Snader was born in Lancaster county, 
Penna., January 10, 1855, and engaged in newspaper work previous to taking 
up the study of medicine. He graduated from this college in 1884, and from 
that time has been connected with some department of the institution. 

Clarence Bartlett, professor of clinical medicine and associate to the gen- 
eral chair of medicine since 1902, was lecturer on neurology and medical elec- 
tricity in this college, his alma mater, from 1890 to 1895 ; on neurology and 
insanity from 1895 to 1897, when he was elected to the chair of neurology 
and medical semeiology. Professor Bartlett was born in Brooklyn, New York, 
May 22, 1858, and graduated at this college in 1879. From that time he has 
been in some prominent manner identified with the teaching force of the insti- 
tution, but chiefly as above mentioned. 

Phillipe Sharpless Hall was born October 21, 1866, and is a graduate of 
Swarthmore College, B. S.. in civil engineering. His diploma in medicine 
came from this college — Hahnemann — in 1891. He was assistant demon- 
strator of histology from 1891 to 1894, lecturer and demonstrator of path- 
ology and bacteriology in 1895-96, and in 1897 ^^'as elected to the chair he 
has since held. 

THE HAHNEM.\NX HOSPIT.\L. 

Tradition says that during the prevalence of the cholera epidemic in Phil- 
adelphia in 1832 Dr. George Bute, an earl)' convert to homoeopathy and after- 
ward a pupil of Hering, for a time maintained a hospital in Cherry street in 
that city, and there treated his patients homceopathically. This undoubtedly 
was the first homoeopathic hospital in America, and it antedated the first 
homoeopathic school of medicine by three years. But Dr. Bute's little emer- 
gency hospital had no relation to the subsequent homoeopathic hospitals in the 
city, nor were the latter in any sense the outgrowth of his early enterprise. 

The Homoeopathic Hospital of Pennsylvania was the first institution of 
its kind in Philadelphia. It was organized under authority of an order of 
the Court of Common Pleas, of date April 20, 1850, and was opened in a 
building on Chestnut street, near the Schuylkill river. It was maintained 
about two years and then closed owing to financial embarrassments. The next 




.iliiu ni.iiiii I I > isHi ,il 



92 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

institution of the same character in the city was that known as the Homoe- 
opathic Hospital of Philadelphia for Sick and Wounded Soldiers, the life of 
which also was brief, owing to the fact that the war department would not 
send disabled soldiers to a hospital under charge of medical men of the homoe- 
opathic school. In 1861 an unoccupied room in the college building on Filbert 
street was offered for use as a military hospital in case of need, but its fate 
was the same as above noted and by reason of the same foolish prejudice 
that inspired the action of the army surgeons, who were selected almost 
wholly from the allopathic school. But there were many excellent homcEO- 
pathic surgeons in the service during the war, and experiences proved that 
their ministrations to sick and wounded soldiers yielded as good if not better 
results as those of the arbitrary dominant school. 

In 1862 the managers of the Homoeopathic Medical- College of Pennsyl- 
vania determined to open a hospital on Cuthbert street in connection with 
the medical school on Filbert street, and an association of ladies was organ- 
ized to supervise its management. It was maintained with indifferent success 
until after the end of the war, but subsequently was of comparatively little 
consequence in college work until the merger of the latter institution in the 
Hahnemann Aledical College of Philadelphia. Then several plans were sug- 
gested and various means resorted to to create a hospital maintenance fund, 
with reasonable success, and in 1870 the hospital trustees agreed to erect a 
building on Cuthbert street and lease it to the board of professorial trustees 
for use as a medical and clinical hospital in connection with the college. The 
hospital was formally opened January 9, 1871. Now the Hahnemann Med- 
ical College indeed had a fairly well equipped hospital, and it was maintained 
there under that supervision, with occasional misunderstandings on the part 
of the respective bodies, until the completion of the building in rear of the 
new college structure on North Broad street on October 3, 1887. This build- 
ing was subsequently used as a dispensary and for clinical teaching, and took 
the name of Clinical Hall. It contained five wards and twenty-five beds, soon 
increased to thirty beds. 

In the meantime various agencies were operating in behalf of the erec- 
tion of a large hospital building on lands especially provided for the purpose 
on Fifteenth street, and conspicuous among these factors were the Alumni 
Association and the Woman's Hospital Association, the latter having been 
organized January 26, 1886. Within the limits of this chapter a narrative 
in detail of all the agencies employed in producing the desired result is im- 
possible, but generally it may be said that hundreds of donors, including the 
state of Pennsylvania through its legislature, gave substantial aid to the un- 
dertaking, and their combined eft'orts reached fruition on Tuesday, October 
21, 1890, when the splendid Hahnemann Hospital was opened with the for- 
mality of a public celebration. In this connection a few excerpts from the 
" Hahnemannian Monthly " of November, 1890, is proper, as they review 
something of the history of one of the best homoeopathic hospital institutions, 
in America : 

" For thirty-seven years the Hahnemann Medical College and Hospital 
occupied the old church property and factory building on Filbert and Cuth- 
bert streets ; these scr\'cd their purpose well until the centennial year, with 
its inspiration for greater things, disturbed the even tenor of her way. For 
eight vears the faculty, as a unit, and a number of the trustees endeavored 
to find ways and means to improve their cnndition. with a uniform lack of 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 93 

success. In 1883 the college authorities suddenly realized that future success 
demanded new and commodious accommodations and that the one way to 
secure them was to go to work and build at once. Despairing of harmonizing 
the differences of trustees, the faculty picked up its valuable museum, tucked 
its charter under its arm and with its treasury, without one dollar of treasure, 
shook the dust of nearly half a century from its feet and started in search of 
a new hom.e. It took true American grit, without one dollar in the treasury, 
to contract for a lot of ground costing $104,000, and requiring an immediate 
payment of $1,000, and three weeks later $20,000 in cash, to get possession, 
yet the results have justified the faith and courage of these men. In the first 
year $23,000 was collected ; this was a good starter ; it showed what could 
be done, and it has been constantly improved upon : during the past ten months 
of the present, or eighth, year, over $115,000 have been gathered together. 
This speaks for itself, especially when it is remembered that there has been 
no one great contribution, but that it has been made up of innumerable com- 
paratively small donations. In the past eight years the friends of the Hahne- 
mann ]^Iedical Q)llege and Hospital have collected the vast sum of $345,834, 
and with this money a great college and hospital have been erected that re- 
flects both honor and credit upon our profession." 

The new Hahnemann Hospital at once gave the college a more elevated 
standing in the homoeopathic pfofession and with the general public, and it 
easily ranked first among the institutions of medical learning in America — a 
character it never has lost in later years. In 1890 a nurse's training school 
was established in connection with the college and hospital, and" other valuable 
features were from time to time mtroduced, all of which tended to contribute 
to the excellent quality and character of the entire institution and to improve 
the facilities for its work. It was believed that the hospital building was suf- 
ficiently large to meet all requirements for all time, but such appears not to 
have been the case. In 1890 it did not seem probable that increased accom- 
modations ever would be necessary, yet before the expiration of ten vears 
the capacity of the building w-as frequently seriously taxed, so great were the 
public and private demands made upon it. These things were gratifving in 
that thev were evidences of the public appreciation of the quality of work done 
within its wards, but the powers having charge of the institution were deter- 
mined to keep pace with the progress of the age. and to that end took prompt 
action looking to tlic erection of an extensive combination building on Fif- 
teenth street, north of the hospital, on land donated by Mr. and Mrs. George 
C. Thomas, for the ])urposes of the college corporation and hospital associa- 
tion, and increased facilities for college clinical and general hospital work ; 
and in 1903 was begun the work of construction of a commodious nurses' 
house, maternity building, and power house. The work is progressing stead- 
ily, and generous donors are contributing to the building fund; the legislature 
ap])ro])riated $60,000 for maintenance for two years, and $80,000 for building 
]>nrp()ses. .\s is elsewhere stated the management of the hospital is in cliari;e 
of the Hahnemann Hospital .Association, an organization of several Innulreil 
members, and composed exclusively of women. 

ASSOCIATION;^. 

ffaliiicmatiii Iiistitiilr. This institution of the college ilates its liisti^rN to 
llie session of 1849-50. during the lite of the old I loniuv^pathic Medical Col- 
lege of Pennsylvania, when luider the name of \\'illiainsi>nian Institute — so 




l.-.-u-ulty and Tcachms Corp^-1903- 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 95 

named in honor of Dr. Walter Williamson — it was brought into existence ; 
but in 1854, at the suggestion of that worthy professor, the name was changed 
to Hahnemannian Institute. A more permanent organization was effected 
in 1891, and the constitution then adopted changed the name to The Hahne- 
mannian Medical Institute, of the Hahnemann ^Medical College of Philadel- 
phia, and declared as its object the mutual improvement of its members, and 
the increase of their facilities for acquiring medical knowledge ; and in carry- 
ing its objects into effect a regular system of quizzes was, and still is, con- 
ducted in each branch of study throughout the term by students appointed for 
that purpose. 

Alumni Association. An association of the alumni of the Homoeopathic 
Medical College of Pennsylvania was formed in 1854, but its life was short 
and no further effort in that direction was made until 1865, when " An Agree- 
able Reunion " of the class of i860 was held at the Continental hotel in Phila- 
delphia, and resulted in more definite organization. From that time class 
reunions became popular, and were held sometimes annually but generally 
less frequently. At a meeting of the class of 1866 an alumni association was 
formed, and in 1868 resolved into the '" Society of the Alumni of The Hahne- 
mann Medical College of Philadelphia, under the constitution of which, pro- 
mulgated in 1871, membership was offered to any graduate of the Hahnemann 
Medical College of Philadelphia, or of the Homoeopathic Medical College of 
Pennsylvania prior to the session of 1867-68. Stated meetings were provided 
to be held everv five vears, but there is no record of anv such subsequent to 

1873- 

On December 4, 1884. an association of the graduates was organized 
under the name of " The Alumni Association of the Hahnemann ]\[edical Col- 
lege." Its declared objects were, and are, to promote the interests and extend 
the influence of the alma mater, to encourage a high standard of medical edu- 
cation, to secure intellectual lienefit, and to perpetuate college associations. The 
association has enrolled 1,480 living members. Any physician on whom has 
been regularly conferred the degree of The ?Iomoeopathic Medical College of 
Pennsylvania, or of The Plahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia, or the 
honorary degree of either of these institutions, is eligible to membership. 

List of the graduates of the Homoeopathic Medical College of Penn- 
pylvania and the Hahiicmanti Medical College of Philadelphia, from 184S 
to 1904, inclusive; 

i8q5 Abele, Robert Jones Pa. 

i860 Abell, Daniel T Pa. 

1871 Abbott, Amos, Rev India 

1892 Abbott, Charles Shewcll Pa. 

1879 Abbott, Clarence G N. J., (d. 1897) 

1891 Abbott, Francis L Pa. 

1887 Abbott, Joseph de Benneville Pa. 

1899 Acktrman, Joseph H N, I. 

1891 AcUIey, William S Pa. 

1902 Adair, Julian IVI. 

1898 Adams, Riirdett Shoridon Cnw 

1872 Adams, CH(Tf>rd I!iir(b'tt 1 • 

l88<) A(IaM)s. I'.dward C. (A. M.) 111. 

1876 Adams, (Irorj-o .Smith Mass. 

i8()8 Adams, Henry F. (M. D.) N. Y. (d,> 

i860 Adams, Ira R N. V, (d. iSto> 

1870 Adams. Myron Howell ' N. V. 



^^ HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

1868 Adams, R. A N. Y. 

1880 Adams, Theodore Louis Pa. 

1902 Adams, William K Pa. 

1886 Adreon, Harrison C Pa. 

T877 Adriance. Frank W N. Y. 

1864 Alabone, Edwin George (Sp.) Eng. 

1856 Aldav, John H. (M. D.) Pa. 

1881 Aldrich, Henry C Minn. 

1883 Aldrich, Herbert E Pa. 

1881 Alexander, Anson C N. H. 

1870 Alexander. Victor Felix Md. 

1888 Alicutt, David J Pa. 

1892 Allen, Arthur Norman Vt. 

1898 Allen, Charles Clifford N. J. 

1886 Allen, Edmund T. (A. M., M. D.) O. 

1877 Allen, George N. Y. (d. 1S97) 

1899 Allen, Henry C Pa. 

1881 Allen, John V Pa. 

1878 Allen, loshua Pa. 

1887 Allen, Millson R Va. 

1868 Alien, Richard Cox Pa. 

1869 Allen, Samuel E Del. 

1870 Allen, Timothv F. (M. D., Hon.) N. Y. 

1883 Allen, W. Carey N. Y. 

T889 Allmond, Charles M Del. 

1857 .A.llshorn, George E. (Sp.) Eng. (d. 1870) 

1893 Ambler, William Stroud Pa. 

1886 Ames Charles Edwin Mass. 

1S98 Armsbry, Lewis Brown^on Pa. 

^881 Amthor, Robert J., Jr Md. (d. 1884) 

1878 Anderson, Daniel M Pa. 

1867 Anderson, Edward Logan 

1880 Anderson, Edwin O Pa. (d. 1897) 

1866 Anderson, Edwin S O. 

i88g Anderson, Herbert A N. Y. 

1882 Anderson. John Wylie O. 

1886 Andrews, P. Alfred Pa. 

1867 Andrews, Purnell W N.J. 

1892 Andrews. William R D. C. 

1868 Angell, Edwin P. (M. D.) Tex. 

1853 Angell. Henry C R. L 

1857 Angell, Samuel Minter .La. (d. 1895) 

1904 Apeldorn, Ernest F., 2nd Pa. 

1898 Appel, Albert Alphonse (Ph. G.) Pa. 

1856 Apthorp, Harrison O Mass. 

1854 Aragon, Jo.=e Maria (M. D.) Cuba 

1896 Archibald, Francis Edward Pa. 

1890 Arlitz, William J Pa. 

1898 Armor, Russell Bigler Pa. 

1851 Armor, Smith Del. 

1851 Armor, Thomas Del. 

1871 Armstrong. James Monroe O. 

1896 Armstrong, William Havelock Me. 

1893 Arnold, Bui t G N. Y. 

1866 Arrowsmith. William L. (M. D.) Can. 

1891 Arschagouni, Ohannes . . .'. Turkey 

1896 Arthur, .Alexander Beck Pa. 

1866 Arthur, Charles Pa. 

1904 Artis, L. Lorenzo Pa. 

1881 Ariz, Jerome L O. 

1890 Ashcraft, Leon T. ( Ph. B.) Pa. 

1852 Ashlej', Maurice Cavileer N. Y. 



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98 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

1852 Ashton. Adolphus H • Pa. ( (1. 1883) 

189^ Atkinson, Albert S. (M. D.) • -^'<;- 

1893 Atkinson. Alvan W. (A. B.) N.J. 

1S53 Austin, Alexander G •• p 

1904 Axford, Walter J L^^- 

1888 Avers, Charles A ^a. 

1890 Babbitt, Zeno B -Vt. 

1857 Bablot, J. L. Lorenzo V Cuba 

1856 Bacmeister, Theodore P^. (d.) 

1850 Bacon, Ebenezer H -. • • Me. 

1897 Bacon, John L., Jr •-■ ^Nlass. 

1867 Baer, Oliver Perry (A. M.. 'M. D.) Ind. (d. 1888) 

1S70 Baethig, Henry, jr N. Y. 

J874 Bahrenburg, William Nast Mo. 

iS&S Baier. George F Pa. 

1886 Bailey, Alfred William N. J. 

1862 Bailey, George W N. Y. 

1881 Bailey, Benjamin F N. H. 

1895 Bainbridge, Benjamin H., Jr Pa. 

1893 Baker, Albert M. E. (B. E.) ■ Pa. 

1880 Baker, Alfred E Pa. 

■1887 Baker, Barton L Wash. Terr. 

1897 Baker, Daniel Jenks Pa. 

t86i Baker Ellwood Pa. (d. 1896) 

1856 Baker, Joseph C ■. N. H. (d. 1865) 

1855 Baker, Joshua T Pa. 

i860 Baker, Origen M N. J. (d.) 

1904 Baker, Walter Clement • Pa. 

1S98 Baker, Walter Isaac '. N. J. 

1898 Baker, William Franklin Pa. 

1880 Baker. William Henry w/ ^ .,;> Pa. 

1880 Baldwin, Alva Morse v .1 . . .' . .-.' N. Y. 

1897 Bail, Arthur William ., .,,. : ; * Pa. 

T889 Ballard, J. Stow (Ph. B.;) .•'! Cal. 

1894 Ballard, Mahlon Blakeslee Pa. 

1886 Ballentine, Allen de Row Pa. 

1880 Balliet, Lorenzo D ' Pa. 

1902 Bamberger, Franklin E Pa. 

1869 Bancroft. Augustine A .' Mich. 

1865 Bancroft, Ephraim K .' Pa. 

1873 Banks, James O. H Pa. 

1872 Barber, Isaac Ambrose N. J. 

1901 Barber, Samuel LeRov Pa. 

1881 Barbour. Nathan R . . .' Cal. 

IQOI Barclay, Hugh Baily Pa. 

1868 Barden, Oliver P . Pa (d 1892) 

1869 Barden, William Wallace (M. D.) X. Y. 

1903 Barker, Walter C Pa. 

1866 Barnaby, John Easom Pa. (d. 1869) 

1894 Barnard, Frank Steele Minn. 

1882 Barnaid, James S N Y. 

1888 Rarnart, Newton H ..N. J^ 

1862 Barnes, George L., Jr. R. I. 

1895 Barnes, William .Mien .Md. 

1881 Barnes, William H Til. (d. 1895) 

ic.t02 Barnum, Harold Lee Pa. 

1899 Barron, Charles Albert Pa' 

1901 Barrett, Wesley Johnson. Ph. G , N. J. 

1902 Barry. George Fravel Til. 

1890 Barthmaier, John M .Pa. 

1872 Bartinc, David Wesley (A. M. ) .Pa^. 



lUSTOKV OF HOMOEOPATHY 99 

1879 Bartlett. Clarence Pa. 

1864 Bartletl, Horace C ^'t. ( d. 1884) 

1897 Barton, Clyde Edwin Pa. 

1870 Barton, Jedediah Marcus Mass. 

1851 Barton, Joseph Pa 

1855 Barr, Benjamin Pa. 

1867 Barrett, Charles B Pa. ( d. 1871) 

1854 Barris, Willis L Pa. 

1892 Barrow.s George Andrew (Ph. B., LL. B. ) Pa. 

1852 Barrows. George (M. D.) Mass. (d. 1878) 

1871 Barrows, Willian: Ezra R. I. 

T903 Bartine, Charles Orin \V Pa. 

1 901 Bascom, Frank Tulley (Ph. B. ) X. Y. 

1889 Bashore, Eliner E Pa. ( d. 1897) 

1897 Bateman. Frank L. (M. D. ) Cal. 

1898 Bates, J. Bonnar N. Y. 

1851 Bauer, George Joseph O. 

1885 Bauer, Rudolph F Pa. 

1904 Bavley, Robert Augustus (M. D.) La. 

1888 Bavley. Weston D Pa. 

1879 Bayne. .\rchibald Barbadoes ( d.> 

1874 Bavnum, William Robert Me. ( d. i879> 

1855 Beakley. George (Hon.) X. Y. ( d. 1879) 

1857 Beakley, Henry N. Y. (d.) 

1890 Beal. Samuel .\ Pa. 

1901 Beatty. William Henry (A. B.) Pa. 

1877 Beaumont. John F 111. 

1875 Bechte!, John W esley, Jr Pa. 

1873 Beckett, .\lbert Turner Pa. 

1885 Becker. Alfred J Pa. 

1S66 Becker. Benjamin Pa. 

1893 Becker. Chas.. Jr Pa. 

1887 Becker. Fred. J. (M. D.^ la. 

1882 Becker. John G , Pa. 

1865 Bedford. Lyman X. Y. 

1881 Beebe. Charles H Pa. 

i8s7 Beebe. G. D. W X. Y. (d. i877> 

1893 Beggs. William F X. J. 

1894 Belim. John Strickler Pa. 

.•866 Bclclmg. Rufu^ E X. Y. 

1839 Bell. James Bachclder Me. 

K^)"? Belting. .Arthur Whitaker X. J. 

1883 Beltz. Franklm M (M. D.. Ph. G.) Pa. 

1901 Bclville. J. Edgar (A. M., M. D.) Pa. 

1862 Bender. Jacob S Pa. 

1858 Bender. Jonathan J Pa. (d.) 

1887 Benedict. Charles Winchester N. Y. 

1891 Bcnham. Charles M N. Y. 

1894 Benson. Frank C. Tr Pa. 

1RS4 Berkenstdck. William F. (Ph. G.) Pa. 

iSc)3 iierlinghof. George John Pa. 

M)04 Bernstein. Ralph ( Nf. D.) Pa. 

iS6<; Berri<lge. Edward William (M B. B. S.) F.n>;. 

1870 Berry. l-Veeman. Jr , U 1 

1868 Betts. Benjamin l'"ianklir. 

1895 Hetls. Charles .Mien \ \ 

n>)4 Betts, Norm.ni Sinclair . l*a 

1901 Bewley. Lvlburn I lall. Jr N 1 

i8«6 HewKv. Richard ' . 

1883 Bevir, J Monroe 

11102 Biltighaus. James Russell 

l8(J4 hickley. Ge(>r>;e Henry (A. B.) ;- 



100 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

1886 Biding. Theodore G Pa. 

1888 Bierman. Henry Pa. 

1853 Bigelow, Franklin N. Y. (d. 1879) 

185 1 Bigelow, Joshna Gregory K. Y. (d.) 

1900 Bigler. Bernard Eugene Pa. 

1890 Bigler. Charles A Pa. 

1902 Bigler, C. Alhert Pa. 

1850 Bigler, George W Md. (d. 1871) 

1871 Bigler. William Howard (A. M.) Pa. 

1857 Bilisoly, Antonio Leon Va. 

1855 Bilisoly, L. Augustus Va. 

1858 Billingsley. Joseph Henry Ky. 

1871 Bingaman, Charles Francis Pa. 

1899 Bingaman. Walter Slagle Pa. 

1870 Birch. John Palmer (A. M.) •. Pa. 

1869 Bird. Orpheus Brainard (B. E.) Pa. 

1873 Birdsall. Asahel Houghton N. Y. 

1868 Birdsall. Steven T N. Y. 

1854 Bishop, David Fowler N. Y. (d. 1885) 

1876 Bishop. Frank Adelbert N. Y. 

1884 Bishop. Francis AI N. Y. 

1900 Bishop. Herbert Fiske ( B. A.) Cal. 

1889 Bishop, William H N. Y. 

1902 Bissey, Raymond A Pa, 

1899 Bitier, Joseph Clarence Pa. 

1896 Black, Allan Brown N. J. 

1902 Black. Emanuel Stratton , N. J. 

1858 Black, James E Can. W. (d. 1864) 

1899 Black, John Torrington , Pa. 

1896 Blackburn, Edwin Clyde Pa. 

1891 Blackburn. William G Pa. 

T896 Blackley. Carl Alvin N. Y. 

1900 Blackwell, John Garretson ( B. Sc. ) N. J. 

1901 Blackwood, J. W right N. J. 

1870 Blackwood, Thon-as Rakestraw N. J. (d. 1895) 

1898 Blair, Alex. Chambers Pa. 

1889 Blair, William W Pa. 

1852 Blaisdell, John M Me. 

1858 Blake, Edmund H. (Sp.) Tex. 

1S53 Blake, James Dore (Sp.) Eng. (d. 1874) 

1870 Blake. James Harris Tex. 

1861 Blakely. William James Pa. (d. 1877) 

18^3 Blakesly, James Manning N. Y. (d.) 

1874 Blinn. Elmer Philo O. 

1852 Bloede. Gustavus Germany 

1863 Boericke, Francis E Pa. 

1898 Boericke, Oscar Eugene f A. B.) Pa. 

1880 BoerJcke, William : Cal. 

1888 Boger, Cyrus M., Jr. (Ph. G.) Pa. 

1897 Boggess. William Benjamin O. 

7904 Boggs, John Waldo Pa. 

1894 Bohn. Daniel Pa. 

1887 Boileau. John D Pa. 

1877 Boley. Albert Pa. 

1867 Bollinger. William Dee Pa. 

1900 Bolsinger, Perry Lee Pa. 

1904 Bomberger,. Wayne E. J Pa. 

1898 Bond. William Thomas Pa. 

1871 Bonnell, Charles Lewis (A. B.) N. Y. 

1886 Bonnet, Gustav Eugene Pa. 

1885 Bonschur, Gustave A Pa. 

1883 Books, Benjamin F Pa 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATH Y 101 

T894 Boone, George Hughes Pa. 

1876 Borden, George Thomas N. Y. 

i860 Borland, WilHam C Pa. (d.) 

1872 Bosley, Samuel Clement Pa. 

1854 Bowers, Josiah, Jr X. Y. (d. 1868) 

1892 Bowker, Charles H .• X. H. 

1881 Bowman, Fred C Minn. 

1865 Bovce, C. W. (M. D., Sp.) X. Y. 

1869 Boyer, Francis William (U. D.) Pa. 

1853 Boyle, Edward Luke X. Y. 

1868 Boynton, F. M Tex. 

1880 Boynton, John R Mass. 

1866 Boynton. Sumner Hamilton Me. 

1877 Brace. Charles H .' Md. 

190^ Bradford, Carl INlott (B. E.) Pa. 

1856 Bradford, Herbert C Me. 

1868 Bradford. Martin O. (d. 1869) 

1869 Bradford, Thomas Lindsley X. H 

1872 Bradley, Daniel Hiester Pa. 

1889 Bradlev. Thomas B Pa. 

1873 Bragdon, Merritt C. (A. B.) 111. 

1891 Branen, Frank O. 

1888 Branm, John Walter Pa. 

1858 Bratt, Benj. Richard Pa. (d. 1872) 

1852 Bratt, James D Pa. (d. i8st) 

1868 Breyfogle, Charles Wesley (A. M.) O. (d. 1895) 

1875 Brevfogie, Edwin Solomon O 

1868 Breyfogle, William L O. 

1883 Brickley, Edward William Pa. 

1863 Brickley, Jeremiah W Pa. ( d. ? ) 

T855 Brickley, Obediah C Pa. 

1857 Bridge, James H. A Pa. 

1894 Brierly, Frank Walter (B. S.) Pa. 

1899 Britto. Charles Edward Me. 

1889 Brobst, Francis H. (M. D.) ..Pa. 

1873 Bronson, Benjamin F X. Y. 

t86i Bronson. Miles H ^^ Y. 

i8(/i Brooke, John Alfred ( A. B.) Pa. 

1857 Brooks, Charles A X. H. (d. 1889^ 

1878 Brooks, Charles IVt Pa. 

(S91 Brose. George W Pa. 

1862 Brouse, Henry Kelsay Pa. 

1887 lirown. Charles C , X. J. (d. 1893^ 

189^ Brown. Charles Sheble Pa. 

1886 Urowii. Daniel E Me. 

1 901 I'rown, David Posev (A. B.) Pa. 

1879 Brown iMlward W' -O. 

rfX)2 Brown. l'"rank li.'dstcad N. Y. 

i8r)i Brown. Jolin Pa. (d. i8f)0^ 

1K53 Brown. Josei)h R. (M. D.) Tox. (d. iS54> 

1864 Brown, Louis I^ Pa, 

1858 l^n.wn, Samuel Pa. (d, l8t)J> 

1875 l?rown, Sannu'l .Mexaiuler I'a 

1892 Brown. Sanniel G. A Md. 

1869 Brown, S, 1 lastings _ Pa. 

185^ Brown, Titus Lonsen N. Y. ( d. iSSr"! 

1852 Brown, William Pa. i.l iSS7> 

i<X>2 IW-own, W'illi.im Haves . . . .\ld. 

\Hi)i, lUowne, William C, ! ". ..'*•■«• 

188? Br<.\vii<-lt, Clarfm-e M N. Y. 

1853 Browu.ll. II ludor Ct. 

i8()7 iirowniuK. W Kruiplon N. J 



102 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY- 

1876 Bruce, William Thomas Pa. 

1899 Briimback, Ernest De Mary Pa. 

1S69 Brunner, Edgar Pennypacker Pa. 

1876 Bruns, Frederick Mass. 

1852 Bryant, Benj amin ^le. 

1889 Bryant, Edgar R. (Ph. M.) Cal. 

1854 Bryant, James N. Y. 

1856 Bryant, J. Kemper Pa. 

1902 Buchanan, William Ralph N. J. 

1879 Buchman, Francis Del. (d. 1898) 

1890 Buck, Abijah O Vt. 

i86t Buck, John Eng. (d.) 

1876 Buck, Michael Joseph ( M. D.) Pa. 

i860 Buckley, Moses .' X. Y. ( d. 1863) 

1904 Buckwalter. Joseph Addison Pa. 

1863 Budlong. John C R. I. 

1895 Budlong, Martin Salisbury (A. ]\I.) R. I. 

1872 Bullard, Julius Arthur Pa. 

1882 BuHck, Thomas M Pa. 

1881 Bumstead, Lucius J Neb. 

1862 Bumstead, Samuel J 111. 

1879 Bunting, Harry M Pa. 

1855 Bunting, Thomas Crowell Pa. 

1856 Burbank, James C Pa. 

1876 Burck, Francis Thomas Md. 

1859 Burdick, Joseph A Pa. ( d. 1859) 

1871 Burd, Thomas B. J N. J. 

1 554 Burgher, John C Pa. 

1S84 Burleigh. William J. (M. D.) Mo. 

1897 Burneson, Thomas Armer Pa. 

1893 Burnett, Charles B N. J. 

1882 Burnham, Frederick 1 Mass. 

1881 Burnham. N. Clark Pa. (d. 1890) 

1904 Burnite, John T Pa. 

1890 Burnley. George Corson Pa. 

1885 Burns, John C " Pa. (d. 1887) 

1854 Burpee. Jno. H IMich. (d. 1887) 

1859 Burr, Charles Hartwell :Me. (d. 1885) 

1857 Burroughs. George W. ( Sp. ) N. Y. 

1869 Buswell, Albert (M. D.) Mass. (d. 1873) 

1859 Butler, Charles F N. Y. (d. i860) 

1897 Butler. Wilda Edwin Md. 

1893 Byerly, Thomas W Md. 

1903 Caldwell, Charles Swan Pa. 

1880 Caldwell. Frank E Minn. 

1889 Caley. Joseph Morse P^- 

1878 Caley, Samuel, Jr Pa. 

1904 Calvin, Webster Pa. 

1900 Cameron, Anson Mayers (B. L.) O. 

1896 Cameron. Hugh Angus Scotland 

1881 Cameron. Malcolm N. Y. 

1866 Campbell. Clarence T. ( M. D.) Can.. W. 

1895 Campbell. Duncan (A. B.) N. Y. 

1892 Campbell, John Godfrey N. J. 

1882 Campbell, William F. ( M. D.) Pa. 

1878 Cannon, J. M. Wilson Wis. 

T890 Capron, C. Gray N. Y. 

1875 Capen. John Lemuel Pa. 

1872 Capen. Thomas Allvn • Mass. 

1555 Cards. Samuel (M. D.) N. J. 

Tg02 Carmalt. Horace Greely Pa. 

1894 Carmichael, George Robert * Del. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 103 

1886 Carmichael, Thomas H. (A. B.) Pa. 

1901 Carpenter, Archibald Dixon Mich. 

1854 Carpenter, Horace H , Vt. (d. 1871) 

1879 Carpenter, Willard B O. 

1873 Caruthers, Robert Ewing Pa; (d. 188^^ 

1885 Carr. Henry H X. J. 

1899 Carrier, Eugene Kellogg X. Y. 

1856 Carrique. Richard Mass. 

1895 Carter, Herbert H. (A. B.) 111. 

1894 Carter, Woodward Davis Pa. 

1880 Castle, Asbury B Pa. 

1873 Castle, David M Pa. 

1869 Casanova, Antonio Cuba 

1879 Casseday, Frank F III. 

1896 Casselberry, John Logan W. Va. 

1853 Casselberry, Melville L Pa. 

1903 Casselberry. Richard Cloward (A. B.) Pa. 

1888 Cate. Harry H X. J. 

1886 Caulkins^ Douglass TA. B.) Tenn. 

1872 Cayce, h-ugene Genius Ky. 

1872 Chace. Xathaniel Ray R. I. 

1896 Chadwick, John Gartside Pa. 

1880 Chadwick, Svlvester Del. 

1867 Chaffee, David J. CM. D.) X. Y. 

1892 Chaffee, Xewton H. fPh. G.) • XT. 

1896 Chaffee, Ralph Waldo. X. Y. 

1902 Chalfant, William Paxson Pa. 

T&So Challenger, Harry P Del. (d. 1891) 

'898 Challinor, Samuel Bovd Pa. 

1870 Chalkcr. Abraham Pollock (A. B.) X. J. 

1853 Chamberlain. C R. (M. D., So.) Pa. ( d.) 

1863 Chamberlain. Charles H Vt. (d. 1881) 

1898 Chauiberlin. William Taylor Canada 

1863 Chambers. William C Pa. ( d.) 

1883 Chandlee. Henrv CM. D.) Md. 

1896 Chandler. Charles DeLong (B. S.) Xeb. 

1873 Chantler. Israel B Pa. 

1882 Chaplain. P'rancis T '. Pa. 

1869 Chapin, Solomon (A. M.) Mass. 

1898 Chase, Daniel Emery, Jr Mass. 

l8;2 Chase. Dnrfee X. Y. {(.I 1872) 

1853 Chase, Irali E. (M. D.) ,. . . .Mass. 

1801 Chase. Theodore Livingston, Jr Pa. 

1879 Chccsman. John P X. J 

1899 Cheesman. Walter C X J 

T876 Chew, Edminid '. X J 

1875 Clieyncv, Howard Pa. 

1863 Child. Nelson X X. V. 

1863 Childs. William Riddle Pa. (d. 1888) 

1888 Chisolm, Henry Clay Pa. 

1850 Chittenden, Gfr)rKc W Wis. 

1801 Christine. G. Maxw<ll (M. D.) Pa. 

1S81 Christman, G. H. Pcrcv ' Pa 

185Q Chnrch. Willi.-m Irwin , Pa. (d. l8(».») 

1857 Clare. William ( Sp.) Engl.uul 

iSV)7 ("lark. Edward I'lrry Pa 

i8<)^ Cl'irk. Ernest Labose '^^ J 

l8«,i Clark. Frank R Pa. 

1888 (lark. Fames C. J r I'a. 

1800 Clark. George F. (A. B. ) , .N.J. 

1872 (~laik. Gi'oiKc Henrv ' .Pa. 

i860 Clark. John Newton 111. 



^04 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

1849 Clark. Joseph K Mass. (d. ) 

1852 Ciarkc. Henry Bradford R. I. ( d. 1888 ) 

lS'^4 Clarke, John Lewis R I ( d iSSo) 

1853 Clarke. Peleg (M. D., Sp.) R. ]. (d.' 187^) 

1859 Clarke, Robert Correy ( Sp. ) Pa. 

1896 Clarke, Thomas Walter Pa. 

1873 Clawson, Charles D. (M. D.) .n' V. 

1853 Clay, George Bolton L Pa. (d. 1898) 

1893 Claypool, John Blayney O. 

1861; Clayton, Abram H Pa 

i88r Cleckley, Francis V ; Ga. 

1856 Cleckley, Marsden A ; Ala. 

1859 Cleckley, H. M. (Sp.) Ga. (d. 1898) 

1895 Cleckley, Marsden Treutlen ( A. B. ) Ga 

1889 Clegg. Thomas D : Pa. 

1898 Clement, Edgar N. J. 

1880 Clements, Thomas O Md. 

1875 Cleveland. Saml. McCoskey (A. :\I.) Pa. 

1881 Cleveland. Woodburv F Me. 

1881 Clift, Alva ' Pa. ( d. 1805 or '96) 

1900 Clift, Edwin Buxton (A. M.) Vt. 

1874 Clift, Walter David Md. ( d. 1878) 

1873 Climenson, Benjamin Pa. 

1901 Cline, Carl Lane O. 

1889 Clokey, Allison A Ind. 

1886 Closson, James Harwood Pa. 

1899 Cloud, Charles Higginscni X. T. 

1867 Cloud, Charles Reeves N. J. fd. 1876) 

1883 Clowe, William Ben.son Wash. Terr. 

1898 Clover. Samuel Williams N. J. 

1882 Clow, J. Bruce Cal. ( d. 188O 

1891 Cobb, Arthur R. (A. B.) Pa. 

1870 Colburn, Samuel Hubbard Vt. 

1876 Coleman, Francis D Me. 

3883 Collins, Newton Morse N. V 

1895 Colon, Francisco Vasquez (M. D.) W. Ind. 

1899 Comins, James Brooks ( Ph. B.) Ct. 

1854 Compton. Cornelius B N. J. 

1874 Comstock, Gates Samuel (B. P.) N. Y. 

1851 Comstock, T. Griswold (M. D.) Mo 

1896 Comstock, William Carpenter N. Y. 

1893 Conant. Newton Colbv N. Y. 

1895 Conard. George McCfellan (Ph. G.) Pa. 

1893 Conarroe. Thomas Henrv Pa. 

1886 Condon, Edward H . . . . ." Md. 

1889 Congosto. fose Spain 

1880 Conlyn, Edward S Pa. 

T869 Connell. Benjamin F Pa. 

1880 Conner. David Wilmot Pa. 

1880 Coiiover, Charles Haight ■ Pa. 

1899 Conover, Charles Highbee N. J. 

1879 Conover, Theodore F Pa. 

1884 Constable. Charles B. (M. D.) , Md. 

1889 Consians. Frank Elmore Minn. 

1858 Conwav. Thomas N. J. (d. 1871) 

1854 Cooke, Nicho Francis R. T. (d. 188.O 

1S86 Cooke, Persifor Marsden Pa. 

1895 Cookman. Alfred (A. B.) Pa. 

1867 Cook. Isaac Elmer Pa. 

1899 Cook. William F Pa. 

1862 Cooley, Georce Pithin ( Sp. ) Ct. 

i860 Coombs. E. Hoffman Va. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 105 

1866 Coon. David (M. D.) C. W. 

1885 Cooper, Charles N W.^ \"a. 

1890 Cooper, Charles S N- ^ • 

1868 Cooper, Clark J X. J. 

1895 Cocper, George Madison • - O. 

1868 Cooper, Isaac X.J. 

1886 Cooper. James R. (M. D.) Pa. 

1879 Cooper, John Pa- 

1853 Cooper, John F : Pa. 

Cooper, John W., Jr Del. 



n 

1881 Cooper. Joseph E. (M. D.) Minn. 

1881 Cooper, Peter Del. 

1S96 Cooper, Thomas Oliver Del. 

1894 Cooper, William Henrv (A. B.) Pa. 

1856 Cooper, William Morris ( M. D.) Pa. 

1874 Cornelius, Robert William B X. J. 

1894 Cornish, Alark Harpel • • Pa. 

1877 Corson, Eugene RoUin X^ \ . 

1894 Corson, Walter Adelbert X. J. 

1871 Corwin, William Henry (A, M.) O. (d. 1880) 

1899 Coss, Walter LeRoy Pa. 

1855 Couch, Asa S '. Vt. 

1902 Coulston, Allison Holstein Pa. 

1889 Coulter, Guy 'O. 

1S72 Coutant. George Ferguson Pa • 

1876 Cowell, Joshua Matthew CM. D.. Hon.) Xew Zealand 

1882 Cowgill, Walter H Pa. 

■1853 Cowley, David Pa. (d. 1886) 

t886 Cowley, William Pa. 

1869 Cowperthwaite, Allen Corson Ill- 

189s Cowperthwaite, Edwin C Pa- 

1858 Cuxe, Lorenzo Lewis Pa. ( d. 1866^ 

1850 Coxe, John Redman, Jr - . Pa. ( d. 1863) 

1888 Coy. Herbert B Mass. 

1879 Craddock, William Louis Pa- 

i860 Cragin, Frank M N. H. 

1871 Crank, Charles Dakc Pa- 

1872 Crater, Henry X. J. (d. 1886) 

187s Crawford, John .Shoenbcrger Pa- 

1900 Crawford, Joseph Warrington X. J. 

1904 Crawford, William Lewis P«>- 

1855 Cresson, Charles C P'*- 

1898 Crichton, Macplu-rson D. C. 

1869 Criley, John Michael ; • - (-'^• 

1872 Crippen, John I toward X. \ . 

1898 Critchlow, George Read ( A. B. ) Pa- 

1889 Crock, George W P-*- 

1851 Crocker, Isaac Sinter R I. ^ i8ob) 

1900 Cronk, E. Irving X. J. 

1869 Crooks, James P.-ilnur Pa. ( d. iSro^ 

1861 Cropper, Thomas l-". ^1^'- 

1878 Croskoy. I larry Pa- 

i8(X) Crouthamcl, Joseph 1"" • Pa. 

1H70 Crow, William Henry Del. (tl) 

l88« Crowllur. Isaac Pa. 

1894 Culin. William Davis Pa- 

l8(p Cullen. James ]• Pa- 

1890 Cunningliam. .Vrlhur 1 • V«'- 

:^7(> Cininini^ham, William ^'^C"• 

1860 Curric, Charles Clark N J (tl. i«^74^ 

iSr/) Curric, Joseph J N. J 

18H0 Curry. George II N. J- (d-) 



106 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

069 Curtis, John Mitchell (A. M.) Del. 

880 Curtis, Walter H X. Y. 

856 Cushing, Alvin M Vt. 

871 Cushing, Eugene Bonaparte Mass. 

851 Cushing, John J R. I. (d. 1879) 

888 Custis. George W. N. (A. M., M. D ) ...D. C. 

.'^ Custis, Marvin A D. C. 

894 Cuthbert, Elmer Paul (M. D.) Pa. 

895 Cuthbert, Robert Bennett Pa. 

898 Cutting, Charles Theo., Jr Pa. 

893 Cyphers, Edward O ' N.J. 

886 Dailey, Richard C Cal. 

855 Dake, Charles A N. Y. 

856 Dake, Chauncey M. (M. D., Sp.) X. Y. (d. 1872 ) 

851 Dake, Jabez Philander (A. B.) Pa. (d. 1894) 

877 Dake, Walter M Tenn. 

898 Dake. William Embury N. Y. 

881 Dakin, E. Arthur Nova Scotia 

900 Dalsimer, Leon Pa. 

892 Darby, James Henrv N. H. 

854 Dare. Charles Virgi'l N. J. (d.) 

852 Darling, Charles B. (M. D.) Vt. (d. i860) 

575 Dartt, Robert Leroy Pa. (d. 1897) 

875 Dashiell Robert Denison Md. 

855 Davenport, Addington K R. I. (d. 1864) 

857 Davies, Alfred R Pa. (d.) 

500 Davies, George Allen Pa. 

896 Davies. Lemuel E Pa. 

884 Davis, Charles A. (M. D.) D. C. 

881 Davis, Edward Everett R. L f d. 1892) 

S82 Davis. Edwin T N. J. (d. 1S96) 

884 Davis. Frederick A \[e. 

873 Davis, George Eugene f A. B.) Cal. 

849 Davis. Henry F O. (d.) 

805 Davis, Jacob Metz N. J. 

859 Davis. Joseph Dressor Nova Scotia 

884 Davis. Thomas S Del. 

893 Davis. William N. J. 

894 Deacon, Edward Magee Pa. 

884 Deacon, Thomas Eayre N. J. 

87s Dean, Edward Williams Pa. 

880 Dean, S. Eugene Minn. (d. 1894) 

876 Deardorfif, Jacob H Pa. 

896 Dedrick, Thomas Scott, Jr N. J. 

576 Dehoff, John Wesley Md. 

886 Delap, William L Pa. 

902 Deming. Ralph M. E Pa. 

893 Dcnman. Claire H. (A. B.) N. J. 

894 Deimian, Horace Bradford N. J. 

857 Dennett. George William Mass. 

892 Dennis. Charles Edwin N. J. 

861 Detwciler, Isaac C Pa. 

866 Dever. Isaiah (M. D.) O. 

882 Dewing, William H N. Y. 

900 DeWitt, George M Pa. 

880 Dexter. Byron P Me. Cd. t88o> 

870 Dickerman, Silas Barnet N. H. 

868 Dickerson, Chas. Sept'mus Allen France 

899 Dickey. John DeWitt Pa. 

899 Dicks. Joseph Oscar Pa. 

895 Dieffenderfer, Samuel Asher Pa 



HIST<"RV f)F Hf ;M(Er)PATHV 107 

876 Uiehl, Howard Luther » Pa. 

895 Diemer, Louis Merrien Pa. 

875 Dietz, William George Pa. 

853 Dinsmore, J. Pitman R. L 

876 Dinsmore, Samuel Winfield Scott Pa. 

881 Doan. Edward K Pa. 

890 Doane, George M Mass. fd. 1896) 

897 Dobson. Clarence Henr}- Md. 

894 Dock. Robert Garrett Pa. 

889 Dodd. Harry Lee C A. B.) Md. 

904 Dodd. Julius , Pa. 

850 Dodge, Lewis *. Mich. Cd. 1890) 

895 Dolbeck. George Nelson Pa. 

877 Doolittle, Willard N. Y. 

866 Doran. Charles R. (M. D.) Md. 

895 Douglass, Atwater L Me. 

896 Douglas, Fullerton Johnson Pa. 

896 Douglass, John Allen Pa. 

880 Douglass. M. Eugene , Me. 

851 Dowdall, P. Bower Va. 

857 Dowling. John William X. Y. (d. 1892 ) 

859 Downing, John C. Clark X. Y. 

852 Doyle, George H X. Y. 

896 Doyle, William Francis Pa. 

873 Drake, Harlan B Mich. 

870 Drake, Olin Milton Mass. 

884 Drake, Thomas X Me. 

888 Drane, Frank C Pa. 

867 Dreher, Charles B Pa. 

893 Dreher, Edward C Pa. 

890 Dreibelbis, D. Frank Pa. 

866 Dreibelbis, David L. (V,. D.) Pa. (d. 1872) 

871 Dreibelbis, Samuel L Pa. 

854 Driggs, H. C (M. D. ) Mich. 

89s Drum. John Marcellus Pa. 

880 DuBois. William G X. J. 

867 Dudley, Evan X. J. (d. 1871) 

890 Dudley, George I. S. (A. B. ) . . . Pa. 

861 Dudley, Pcmberton Pa. 

892 Dudley, Perry Hall Pa. 

852 Duffield. Henry Pa. ( d. 1865) 

880 DuFour, William M Pa. 

873 Dunbar, F^Iwin Eugene Pa. (d.) 

900 Dungan, Edward Stacey Pa. 

876 Dungan, George Washington Pa. 

870 Dunham. Carroll ( ^L D.. Hon.) X. Y. (d. iS77> 

854 Dunham, William Nelson (M. D.) Cnnn. 

901 Dunne, Harold Edmund Pa. 

902 Dunning, T. Snively Pa. 

870 Dunning, Thos. Stevenson (A. B.) Del. 

857 Durand, Joseph P. (Sp.) Franc* 

894 Eaches. William Dcllav.ii Pa 
8qo Filler, Percy H Pa. 

855 Farhart. Jacob R O. id. i8qi) 

864 Earh.-.rl. Willi im J Pa. 

876 FarU-, Frank Marsland Pa. (d. i8q.O 

879 Eastman. Arthur .\l \Unn 

f<77 Eastman. I-' rank ' «•"" 

852 Easloif, David J ^ Y. 

889 F':al..ii. I'rrdfnck M M*" 

898 I-.lKrIiarrI, Marry Martin Pa. 



108 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

876 Eden, Samuel Pa. 

894 Edgat. William L R. I. 

879 Edgeiton, ]\Iark Minn. 

890 Edmundson. Ricliard H., Jr Tex. 

871 Edmundson, Walter Fletcher Pa. 

897 Edwards, Harold Romncy Canada 

902 Edwards, Norman Felton, W, Va. 

859 Edwards. Thomas George Tex. 

875 Egee, John Benton S Pa. 

883 Ege, John Pa. 

865 Ehrman, Albert H. (M. D.) O. 

852 Ehrman, Christian Pa. ( d. 1892) 

861 Ehrman, Hahnemann Francis {1\l. D., Sp.) O. (d) 

859 Ehrman, Louis Philip Ky. 

899 Eichman, Joseph Francis Pa. 

870 Eisenbrey, Edward Hartley Pa. 

903 Eldridge, George Perry Conn. 

868 Eliot, J. W Cal. 

901 Elliott, John Dean Pa. 

900 Ellsworth, Amos Dolbicr Minn. 

857 Ehvin, John F. (Sp.) Eng. (d). 

86s Elv, Jairns Robert Pa. (d. 1880) 

903 Ely, William F. (i\[. E.) ' Pa. 

896 Embley, Thomas William N. Y. 

903 Enders, George John Pa. 

874 Engel, Adolph Otto (Rev.) Prussia 

881 Engle, David Frank Pa. 

896 Engle. Howard Missiner Pa. 

849 Engle, Nathan S N. J. (d. 1850) 

902 Ensminger, David Wenger ... Pa. 

903 Ervin, John Herbert Pa. 

881 Erwein, Franz B Germany 

S77 Erwin. William 111. 

897 Erwin, Jacob Frishmuth Pa. 

888 Esrey, Lewis K Pa. 

853 Eustace, Andrew Fa. 

871 Evans. Albert Job .- N. Y. 

869 Evans, Charles Horace Pa. 

875 Evans, George Addison Minn. (d. 1875) 

881 Evans, Henry J Pa. 

896 Evans, Howard J N. J. 

89s Evans, John Absalom Pa. 

893 Evans, Owen Herbert Del. 

900 Everett, Frank Henrv Vt. 

858 Everts, Edgar S ' N. Y. 

898 Fairbank. Stuart John N. Y. 

886 Fair, Beniamin F Pa. 

880 Fair, Hezckiah W^ Pa. 

8s8 Falligant, Louis A Ga. 

885 Fanning, E. Burrell N. Y. 

897 Faringer. Howard Reiner Pa. 

886 Farlev. Robert Pa. 

891 Farley, Walter B Pa. 

894 Farley, William C. (M. D.) Mass. 

88s Farnsworth, Floyd S N. Y. 

868 Farrington, Ernest A. (A. B.) Pa. ( d. 1S85) 

896 Farrington, FTarvey (A. B.) Pa. 

864 Farrington. Harvey Walter Pa. (d. 1886) 

895 Faulkner. Morris Ritncr * Pa. 

809 Faunce, Matthew D Pa. 

881 l-ay, George D N. J. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 109 

t86i Fechtig, George Md. 

1871 Fechtig, James Amos Md. 

1894 Fechtig, Robert Yoe [ Md. 

1874 Fegely, :\Ialarius B Pa. (d. 1879) 

1894 Fehr, Howard A. ( B. S.) Pa. 

1876 Felch, Albert Huntington X Y. 

1869 Fellger, Adolphus (Sp.) Pa. Cd. 1888) 

1904 Fellows, Walter Lesley Pa. 

1876 Fellows. William E Me 

1894 Fell, Alton S X. J. 

1901 Felsberg, Paul Frederick Pa 

1886 Feltz, Cethe C. (Rev.) Pa. Td. 1896) 

1904 Fenimore, Benjamin B X. J. 

1899 Ferguson. Robert J Pa. 

1879 Ferson, John L Pa. (d. 1896) 

1883 Fetherolf. James Alien (M. D.) Pa. 

1899 Fetterhoff, Harry Burket Pa. 

1869 Fetterhoff, Hiram Reichard Pa. 

1886 Fetterhoff, Ira L. (M. D.) Md. 

1857 Fetterman, George W Pa. (d> 

1872 Fetterman, Wilford Washington Pa. 

1879 Fickel, James G Pa. 

1879 Finch, Lemuel E Pa. 

1904 Fine, Walter Ernest Pa. 

1888 Finney, Everett B Xeb. 

1869 Fischer, Charles Australia (d. 1893") 

1885 Fischer, Jacob Germany 

189s Fischer. John Adolph Pa. 

1855 Fish. Charles Frederic X. J. (d. 187O 

1871 Fisher, Albert Le Roy X. Y. 

1869 Fisher, Ebenezer Everett X'. Y. 

1896 Fisher, George Singer Pa. 

1891 Fitch. George W. Horton (M. D.) D. C 

1885 Fitz, William H. A Pa. 

1894 Fitzgerald, David Edwin Pa. 

1881 Fitz Hugh. John A. CM. D.) O. 

1875 Fitzmatthew, Joseph X Eng. 

1870 Flanders, George Tyler Vt. 

T896 Fleagle, Maurice Monroe Pa. 

T904 Fleming, Benjamin Pa. 

1882 Fleming, John R X. Y. 

1882 Fleming, Richard K : Pa. 

1897 Fleming, William John Pa. (d. 1897) 

1895 Fletcher, Benj. Kennard (Ph. G.) Pa. 

1856 Fletcher. Samuel M Pa. 

1887 Flinn, Irvine Moore (A. M., M. D.) Dei. 

1887 Flinn, Lewis Weslev (A. M., M. D.") Del. 

1885 Focht, George B. McClellan Pa. 

1882 Follmer, William H Pa. 

1004 Forman, T Inrace Judson, Jr Pa. 

1880 Fornias, Kduardo Cuba 

1887 Fortincr. George Roscman (M. D.) N. J. (d. 1804) 

1897 Foster. Arthur Livingstone Wilson Pa. 

1869 Foster, Ebenezer Johnson \'t. 

1859 Foster, George S Pa. (1867 or 'f»8^ 

1857 Foster. Henry L N. H. (d. iSfij) 

T892 Foster, Jeremiah Campbell Ky. 

1882 Foster, John M Trnn. 

1868 Foss. Charles M Me 

T902 Foulk George Robinson Del. 

TO03 Fox, Charles Daniel Pa. 

185."} Imix, John N. Y. 



110 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

1882 Frame, Benjamin G Pa. 

1897 Franck, William L., Jr .Va.. 

1882 Frantz, Abraham E Pa 

187s Frantz. Frank F. (M. D.) Pa. 

1876 Frantz, Jacob F Del. 

1886 Freeman. Roscoe E Mass. 

1854 Freeman, Warren Ga. (d. 1880) 

1881 Freeman, William W O. 

1858 Freligh, Martin (Sp.) X. Y. (d. 1889) 

1880 French, Benjamin F Ind. 

1887 French, Edward E \. J. 

1894 Fries, Charles Joseph Valentine ( Ph. G) Minn. 

i860 Friese, Michael, Jr '. Pa. (d. 1880) 

1850 Frost, James H. P Me. (d. 1875) 

1870 Frye, Moses M X. Y. 

1889 Fryer, Nevins W Pa. 

1886 Fryer, Winsor Farnham N. Y. 

1874 Fuerbringer, Gustavus H. (A. M.) Mich. 

1893 Fuller, Elmer Ellsworth Mass. 

187s Fuller, Eugene Sue Wis. ( d. 1876) 

1889 Fulmer, Charles R Pa. 

1872 Fulton, Henry W Pa. 

1888 Furman, Horace S Pa. 

1880 Gale, Charles A • Vt. 

1876 Gale, George Goldsworthy Can. 

1855 Gallagher. Joseph H Pa. (d.) 

1903 Gallagher, ^Michael Francis (A. B.) Pa. 

1894 Gann, George Willard .' . Pa. 

1868 Gantenbien, John Switzerland 

1894 Ganow, George Jesse N. Y. 

1904 Gardner, Archibald Theodore Pa. 

1849 Gardiner, Daniel R Pa. (d. 1889) 

1857 Gardiner. David E Pa. ( 1890) 

1876 Gardiner, George Washington Pa. 

1850 Gardiner. Richard (M. D.) Pa. (d. 1877) 

1870 Gardiner, Richard, Jr .- N. J 

1875 Gardiner, Thomas U. Waiter Pa 

1888 Gardiner, William G Pa 

1879 Gardiner. William H Pa 

1889 Garis, Frank A Pa 

1902 Garner. Albert Rowland (B. S.) Pa 

1898 Garrison, Riddle Hiles N. J 

1894 Garrison, Howard Chew N. J 

1889 Garrison, [oseph S N. J 

1894 Garrow, George Jesse N. Y 

1864 Garvin, John J Pa. (d. 1893) 

1885 Garvin, William D Pa 

1870 Gaskill. Asa Shreve N. J 

1890 Gates, Al f red Pa 

1898 Gates, William Dunn Pa 

T857 Gausc. Owen Beverly O. (d. 1895) 

t88i Cause. Percival O. R Pa. (d. 1S87') 

1899 Gay. Henry Milns Cal. 

1854 Gaylord, Edward P N. Y. 

1855 Geary, John Fitzgibbon Pa. (d. 1883") 

1894 Gebhart. Thomas Willard Del. 

1854 Geib. William Pa. 

1887 Geiger, Charles A.. Jr Ga. 

1851 Geiger. Charles A. (A. B.. M. D.) ATd. 

t8.S4 Geiger, Theodore S Md. (d. 1863) 

iRRg George, James .\. N. J 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 111 

i8Si Gerberich, Daniel P Pa. 

Gerberich, Morris B Pa 

1901 Gerhart, Edwin Archer (B. S.) Pa. 

r868 Gerhart, Joseph M Pa. 

1898 Gerhart, Joseph Milton, Jr Pa. 

1887 Gerhart, Weber L ! . . Pa. 

1879 Gerhart, Wilfred Pa. 

Gernert, Albert William Pa. 

[903 Getelman, Ralph Ehrlen Pa. 

r877 Getze, George M Pa. 

t8Q5 Ghose, Jnanendra Xaravan India 

, Gibbs, B. Frank ". X. J. 

1892 Gieser. Wm. R Del. 

1877 Giflfin, Leverett W X Y 

1863 Gifford, Gilbert L X. Y. 

1876 Gilbert, Charles Badger Me. 

1882 Gilbert, Irwin B Pa 

1879 Gilbert, Samuel T Pa. 

1885 Gilbert, William L Va. 

1872 Giiborne, Henry X. Y. 

1863 Gilchrist. James G Pa. 

J Giles, Charles Henry Pa. 

; Giles. John William Pa. 

! Gillett. John R ' Pa. 

1889 Gilliam. Edward W Md. 

1869 Gilman, Willard Biddle Pa. 

[865 Giiman, William L O. 

1853 Gilson . Eli D O. 

1889 Gittens, Theodore P Pa. 

1890 Given, James B X. J. 

1904 Glenn, Edwin Atlee (A. B.) ." Pa. 

1876 Glidden. Charles Henrv Vt. 

1876 Glover, William A X. . J. 

[904 Godfrey. James H M Xeb. 

1888 Godshall, Samuel George Pa. 

[899 Golden, George Morris Pa. 

5i Gonzalez, Joaquin Mexico 

1879 Gonzalez, Manuel de J. G Cuba 

1883 Goodell. Charles F. (M. D.) Mass. 

r872 Goodhue, Walter S O. 

1869 Goodman, Chas. Holmes (A. B.) Mo. 

IQ02 Goodman, James Monroe Md. 

1857 Goodman. John R S. .\nierica 

1870 Goodno, William Colby Pa. 

1889 Goodrich, Asa F Minn. 

r8^3 Gorgas, Charles R O. 

1877 Gosewich, Edi>ar W Tenn. (d. 1883^ 

if/)i Goss, Jesse M. (M. T).) Tex. 

1854 Gourlay. George (M. D.) Pa. 

r8</) Grace, Harrv Hoard N. T. 

iHS^ Gr.iham, .Mfred CA. M.) Mich. 

1877 Graham. David M. CM. D.) Pa. 

i8<>j Graham. 1 Liniilton P-i. 

1884 Graham. Waller S Pa. 

i8q3 Grali.Mu. William T. (A. B.") Pa. 

i88<j Gr.imni, l-.dwartl Marion Pa. 

iW)7 Gr.Tinm, Gustavus F., (Rev.) Pa. 

r88i (iramm, Theodore J -Pa 

iS</i Gr.iv. I'Vederick Charles N J. 

-> (Irav. John l-ranklin (M. D.. Hon.) N. V. (d. if*<J> 

l'<<>S Cr.iy, Jt.seith Rea Taylor, Tr P.» 

iM<>S Grea-i)n, Charles Edwin (M. K.) Del 



112 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

1889 Gregg, Alpheus W Del. 

1853 Gregg, Rollin Robinson N. Y. (d. 1886) 

1892 Gregg, Edward Rollin N. Y. 

1873 Gregory, Edward P Conn. 

1853 Greenbank, John Pa. (d.) 

1898 Greenwood, Mitchell X J 

1879 Green, E. Hadley (M. D.) N. C. 

1876 Griffith, Horace Greeley Pa. 

1891 Griffith, John B js' J 

1893 Griffith, John Q. (Ph. D.) Pa. 

1856 Griffith, Jethro Johnson Pa. (d. 1893) 

1880 Griffith, Lewis B Pa. 

1866 Griffith. Silas Pa. 

1872 Griffith, William Henry Gesner Can. 

1872 Griffith, William Mullen Pa. 

38q4 Griggs. William Bentley Pa. 

1894 Grigsby, Edward Shepard Cal. 

1890 Grimshaw, Oliver N. J. 

1904 Ghscom, Isaac Norwood X. J. 

1895 Griscom, Lee Eaton X. J. 

1901 Gross, John Atkins Ore. 

1873 Grosscup, Joseph Pa. 

1880 Gross, Francis O Pa. 

1850 Gross, James E Me. 

1879 Groth. H. Heinrich Pa. 

1889 Grove, Charles E Pa. 

i860 Grumbein, William Pa. (d.) 

1890 Grumbrecht, Oscar L Pa. 

1872 Guernsey, Joseph Colburn (A. B. ) Pa. 

1852 Guernsey, William Fuller Vt. (d. 1877) 

1875 Guernsey, William Jeflferson Pa. 

1853 Gumpert. B. Barton Pa. 

1865 Gundelach, Charles H. (V. S.) 111. 

1881 Gushee, Frank A Me. 

1875 Guy, Harry Perrv X. Y. 

1868 Gwynn, William M X. Y. 

1888 Haag, John B Pa. 

1887 Haas, George H Pa. 

1867 Habel, John I\I Germany 

1871 Hackett, George Herbert N. H. 

1897 Hackney, Evan Jeffries N. J. 

1899 Hadley, Charles Frazer Pa. 

1898 Haehl, Richard Germany 

1892 Hacrer, Frederick Joseph Pa. 

1899 Haerer, Jacob Hollingsworth Pa. 

1856 Haeseler, Henry Augustus Pa. (d. 1857) 

1900 Hahn, Charles Joseph Pa. 

1898 Haines, Charles Tomlinson N. J. 

1891 Haines, Edward S Pa. 

1867 Haines, Franklin T N. J. 

1904 Haines, Joseph Burton N. J. 

1882 Haines, Oliver S Pa. 

1877 Hames. Walter M Me. (d. 1897) 

1876 Hall, Charles Henry Wis. 

1903 Hall, Edwin Perrv N. Y. 

1849 Hall, Ellis Bentlv N. J. (d. 1875) 

T856 Hall, George Alexander'. N. Y. (d. 1893) 

1869 Hall, Harrison B N. J. 

1867 Hall, Irving S Me. (d. 1897) 

1871 Hall, James Branyan O. 

1869 Hall, James Walter N. Y. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 113 

1891 Hall, Phillipe Sharpless (B. S.) Pa. 

1867 Hall, William D Pa (d 1897 ) 

1867 Hall, William S. (Rev.. Hon.) Pa. fd. 1867) 

1902 Haller, Charles Pickhardt Conn. 

1897 Haller, George Christian, Jr Pa. 

1903 Hallinger, Earl Stephen X. J. 

1900 Hallowell, Alfred Phillips Pa. 

1S91 Haman, Charles R • Pa. 

1883 Haman, William A Pa. 

1874 Hambright, Edwin Atlee Pa. 

1875 Hamer, James Henry Pa. 

1861 Hamilton, William C Pa. 

1903 Hamilton, William L. (A. M.) N. J. 

1871 Hammond, Albert Md. (d. 1879) 

1903 Hammond, Nathan B. (P. D.) Pa. 

1904 Hammond, W. Nelson (M. D.) Pa. 

1885 Hancock, Elmer E X. T. 

1878 Hancock, Joseph N. J. 

1893 Handy, Harrie Delmar Mass. 

1895 Hanlin, Samuel Bradbury O. 

:902 Hanna, John Marvin Pa. 

1890 Hanscom. Walter V Me. 

1888 Hanzig, Gustav E Pa. 

i860 Harbison, William C Conn, (d.) 

1881 Hardenstein, A. Otto Miss. 

1893 Hardenstein, Frank W Tenn. 

1901 Hardie, David Pa. 

1857 Harding, Wilbur F N. Y. 

1869 Hardy, James Ebenezer CM. B.. C. M.) Va. 

1894 Hardy, Lemuel Denby Va. 

1853 Hardy, Thomas J (M. D.) Va. (d. 1886) 

1872 Harlan, John Del. (d. 1873) 

1869 Harley, M. P. (M. D.) Pa. 

1884 Harman. George W Pa. 

1866 Harman. Richard T Pa. 

1892 Harpel, Edward F Pa. 

1871 Harpel, Francis Eugene Pa. (d. 187Q) 

1900 Harpel, Frederick Theodore Pa. 

1881 Harpel, George W Pa. ( d. i8q4> 

1867 Harpel, M. H Pa. 

1898 Harper, Henrv Benj ." Pn. 

1885 Harrington, Edwin S Del. 

1892 Harrington, Gove Saulsbury Del. 

1878 Harris. David R ;Va. 

1902 Harris, Edward, Jr N. T 

1900 Hnrris, Edward Humes (B. Sc.> Pa. 

i8=;5 Harris. Handv Mas.s. (d. i8So^ 

1853 Harris. John T Mass. 

1894 Harris. Ravmond J. C\. M.) Pa 

1861 Harris. Sy'lvanus Eng. (<1t 

1892 Harrison. J. .Mien Pa 

1878 Harry. Francis M Pa 

1808 Harry. George Harrv Pa 

1903 Hart,' Carl Jay ^'^'"<' 

1806 Hart, Russell Thayer Pa 

1898 Tlartnian. George Willis Pa 

i8f)8 Hartley, Arthur N .' 

1870 ILirtranft. Josoph M ^' ' 

187H Harvey, .Austin T ^ 

1893 Harvey. Charles Henry '^ 

l8r)4 Harvey. David Gaston '^' 

1900 Harv<y, J. .Albert ^ ''' 

1855 Harvey. Joseph I-V.iukliu I'l i 'I * 



114 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

i86s Harvey, Joseph P Pa. (d. 1866) 

1879 Harvey, Walter Emerson \je 

1892 Hassler, J. Wyllis (A M.) ".V.V.'.V. Pa". 

1874 Hatch, Louis Gene Minn, (d 1874) 

1882 Hatfield, WaUer S l„d. 

1876 Hathaway, William E X Y. 

1869 Hathaway, William Fales ..Pa! 

1881 Hatzfield, Joseph A .Pa! 

1903 Hauer, Adam Light '. Pa. 

1856 Havens, Felix M Can., W. 

1867 Hawifes, William J '.Pa. 

1853 Hawley, Liverus B X. Y. (d. 1890) 

1869 Haylett, James Vt. 

i8go Haynes, Martin H Me. 

1857 Hayward, Milton P Conn. 

1890 Heath, Edward Alfred (F. L. S.) Eng. 

1896 Heaton, Earl Gates N Y. 

1883 Hedger, Frank S Wash. Ter. 

1898 Hedrick, John Krupp Pa. 

1870 Heerman, Charles CM. D., Hon.) France 

1887 Heilner, Herbert F Pa. 

1890 Heimbach, A. Eugene Pa. 

1897 Heimbach, James Michael (M. E.) Pa. 

1880 Helffrich, Calvin E Pa. 

1875 Helffrich. John A. Henrv Pa. 

1853 Helmuth, William Tod.'. ....'. ' Pa. 

1857 Helmuth, Wm. Scheaff (M. D., Hon.) Pa. (d. 1880) 

1S99 Hemphill, Frederick Alter (B. S.) Pa. 

1899 Hendrixson, Lewis Holston Pa. 

1851 Henry, John H. (M. D.) Ala. 

1895 Henshall. John Eastwood Pa. 

1880 Herb, Charles K Pa. 

1866 Herbert, Rev. Charles D. (A. M.) N. H. 

1884 Heritage. Alfred C Pa. 

1891 Heritage, Joseph B Pa. 

1876 Hering. Constantine (M. D., Hon.) Pa. (d. 1880) 

1882 Herman. Valentine Z France 

1888 Heron, William H. (M. B.) D. C. 

1872 Herron, Charles D Pa. 

1856 Herron, James A Pa. (d. 1868) 

1881 Hershberger, Joseph F " O. 

1896 Hess. Harvey Peter (B. E.) Pa. 

1876 Hetrick. Jacob Adam Werner Pa. 

1898 Hetrick. Llewellyn E N. J. 

1900 Hetrick, Samuel LeRoy N. J. 

1893 Hewitt. Charles E Pa. 

1862 Hewitt, H. T , Conn. 

1892 Hickcy, James S Pa- 

1878 Hickman. Lawrence M Pa. 

1882 Hicks. Thomas H. (M. D.) Tenn. 

1903 Hicks. William Lawrence N. J. 

1900 Highee. Paul .Albert Minn. 

1896 Higgins. Raymond Power D- ^• 

1892 Higr?ins. Roval G Me. 

]Ss9 Hill. Charles Judson X. Y. (d. 1891) 

1888 Hill. E. Hart N. J. 

T904 Hill, G. Arthur Conn. 

1898 Hill. John Bruce Pa- 

1871 Hill. Merrill Washington - Vt. 

1S92 Hill. William L Tex. 

1873 Hiller. Fred. Jr Ca • 

1.894 Hillegas. Willi^>m Muthard Cal. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 115 

1903 Hilliard, WilHnm Thomas, Jr N. J. 

1870 Hills, Alfred Kimball Mass. 

1900 Hinchman, James Orpheus Pa. 

IQ03 Hincken, James McGlathery Pa. 

T857 Hindman, David R Pa. 

1873 Hines, Frank X. C. 

1895 Hinshillwood, Harry Pa. 

1886 Hinsoii, Jacob INliller, Jr Pa. 

1886 Hipkiss, George Mass. 

1858 Hitchens, Peter S Pa. ( d. 1887) 

1877 Hoag, Clitus S Vt. 

1904 Hoffman, Francis Henry Pa. 

18S5 Hoffman, James \. J. 

1901 Hoffman. John Abraham (M. E.) Pa. 

1880 Hoffman, Lewis A Pa. 

1903 Hoffman, Nicholas F Pa. 

1900 Hoffman, Philip F Pa. 

1903 Hoffmeier, Frank N. (A. B.) Md. 

1873 Hoffmeier. Richard Lee Md. 

1901 Hoke, Bradley Hartman Md. 

1902 Holben, Malcolm David Pa. 

187s Holben, Monroe Jacob Pa. 

1895 Holcombe. William Buckman Pa. 

1899 Holden, Charles Dicks Pa. 

1869 Hollett, Arthur P X. V. (d. 1887) 

1889 Hollifield. Horatio B. ( M. D.) Ga. 

1898 Hollinshcad, Theodore Highbee X. J. 

1901 Holloway. Donald Brock (M. D.) D. C. 

1894 Hollowell, James Pa. 

1881 Holman, George M Mass. 

1851 Holmes, William H O. 

1878 Holsberg. William H Pa. 

1863 Homer, Horace Pa. ( d. 1883) 

1898 Hood, Joseph Robinson Pa. 

1871 Hoopes, Levi Pa. 

1889 Hoover, George M Pa. 

1892 Hopkin, William Milby P->. 

1850 Hoppin, Washington R. I. (d. iS'>-> 

1895 Home. Frank Victor Pa. 

1899 Hornecker, J. Carl Pa. 

1881 Horning, Charles S Pa. 

1887 Horter. Lafayette TT Pa. 

1871 Hosfeld. George. Jr Pa. ( d. 1884) 

1851 Honard. John Gnstavus Pa. (d. 1S78) 

1858 TTouard, Louis I Pa. (d.) 

i8q8 1 louck. George Emory Md. 

1852 ITouyhton, TTenrv Arviii V't. 

i8s8 llf)nghton, J. Harrison Pa. (d. 1877) 

i8sr' Houohlon, John S. CM. D.) Pa. (d.> 

18V) Houghlon. Milo G Vt. (d. 1S8.O 

1884 Tlovi rdcr, James T Pa. 

1877 1 ioward, Erving Melville Mass. 

l8=;5 llf)\vard, John R .Ma. 

188.I Howe. William S. CM. TX) Me. (d."* 

10(H) Howell, Frederick E N, T. 

i8(/) I iowell, Harrison Worthinglon Del. 

i88j Howell. Stephen Y. (A. M.. M. D.") N. V. 

1H71) I loy, iM-anklin Pierce Pa. 

1881 Hoy. Harvey K Pn. 

1870 I li.vl, Eugene Frederick N. V. 

iK<jS llnbbs, F.llwood Samuel Pi. 

1885 Hubbard, Charles T I ,N. V. 



116 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

1898 Huber, William Henry » Pa. 

1892 Hudson, Leonard A. (Ph. G.) Del. 

1869 Huebener, O. T Pa. 

1900 Huff, Edmund Newell X. J. 

1853 Hughes, Alfred Va. 

1898 Hughes, Francois Louis Pa. 

1900 Hughes, James William N. J. 

1884 Hughes, Morris Pa. 

1877 Hughes, Richard (M. D., Hon.") Eng. 

1893 Hull, Clarence A N. Y. 

1886 Hults, Eugene Arthur N. J. 

1874 Humes, James Randolph Pa. 

1902 Humes, John Huey Pa. 

T887 Hummel. H. Richard Pa. 

1877 Humphrey, Charles R X. Y. (d.) 

1889 Humphrey. Nathan M X. Y. 

1881 Humphreys, Edward Pa. 

1850 Humphreys, Frederick X. Y. 

1895 Hunsicker, William Cosgrove Pa. 

1864 Hunt, Henrv Francis R. L (d. 1895) 

1886 Hunter, Geo'rge Pa. 

t8s7 Hunter. Horatio M : Vt. 

1S80 Hurd, S. Wright N. Y. 

1893 Hurff, Joseph F N. J. 

1902 Huselton, Arthur J N.' J. 

•1904 Huston. Arthur F. P Pa. 

1874 Hutchinson, Henry Minn. 

1878 Hutchinson. Thomas C Del. 

1902 Hutton, Frederick Charles Pa. 

1884 Hyde, Erastus C • Pa. 

1855 Hyde, Dam.on Y Vt. 

1883 Iliff, J. Pearson Pa. 

1884 Imes, Thomas C Pa. 

i860 Ingerson, H. H Vt. (d. 1883) 

1853 Ingham, George W Pa. 

T902 Ingram, Earle Hoopes Pa. 

i(X)i Insley, Vv'^illiam Ward Pa. 

1893 Ireland, John Lewis N. Y. 

1856 Irons, Alexander Pa. 

1889 Ironside, Allan Smith Can. 

1883 Irving, Alpheus V. D Pa. (d. 1883) 

1876 Isett. Joseph Frederic ■ Pa- 

tS86 Iszard Howard N. J. 

1870 Iszard, Jacob N. J. 

1900 Iszard. Ralph Joseph ^ N. J. 

1902 Iszard, Walter Reed N. J. 

1879 I vins, Horace F ^ Pa- 

1899 Ivins, Howard ^- J- 

1875 Jackman, Charles Augustus Vt. (d. 1879) 

1881 Jackson. Edward R. (M. D.) ^-la- 

1899 Jackson, George Green ^^ • J- 

1882 Jackson. Henry ^{t 

1892 Jackson, Noah • Va. 

1870 Jahr. G. H. G. (M. D.. Hon) Germany (d. 1875) 

1857 James, Rushrod Washington Pa. 

1896 James. David Bushrod Pa. 

1884 James, Horace E Pa. 

t886 James, .John E. (M. D., Hon.) Pa. 

1902 James, John Edwin. Jr. CB. S.) Pa. 

1855 James. Richard S ( A.. M.) Pa 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 117 

1869 James, Walter M Pa. 

1869 James, Wilmer . . Pa^ 

1850 Janney, Daniel (M. D.) Va. (d. 1859) 

1883 Janney, Edgar (M. D.) D. C. (d 1898) 

1882 Janney, O. Edward f M. D.) .Md 

1856 Jeanes, Jacob (M. D., Hon) Pa. (d i877> 

1885 Jefiferds, Henr>- Clark Me. 

1896 Jenkins, George Chapin Pa. 

1875 Jenks. George Henry Cal. 

1866 Jenner, Andrew J. B Australia 

1881 Jennings, Chester B Pa. 

-873 Jerraon, X. Theodore, ]r Del. 

1884 Jessup, Halton I ". ....Pa" 

1884 Jewell, Henry E Vt. 

1894 Jewett, Frank Sylvanus (A. M.) Pa. 

1882 Johnson, Harrj- W ". .X. J. 

1881 Johnson, Howard P N. Y. 

1S52 Johnson, Isaac D Pa. 

1856 Johnson, Irving W HI 

1867 Johnson, Joseph P. (M. D.) .'.'. . ...... .'.Pa. 

1893 Johnson, Lewis .- X. Y. 

1878 Johnson, Theodore M Pa. 

1883 Johnston. D. Howard Pa. 

1853 Johnston, Edward R - Pa. 

1875 Johnston. James C. (M. D.) Pa. 

1855 Johnston, Perry O. (M. D.) 111. 

1887 Johnstone. Robert Bruce Pa. 

1863 Jones. Albert Budd Pa. (d.") 

1869 .Tone;, Darnel Loe Vt. 

1890 Jones. Edward W Pa. 

1889 Jones, Edwin H X. J. 

1854 Jones, Elijah Utiey X. H. ( d. 1S94) 

1883 Jones, Henn,- Guernsey Pa. ( d. 1897") 

1859 Jones, John Aten Pa. 

1869 Jones, Julian Henny Vt. 

1861 Jones, Samuel Arthur (M. D., Sp.) X. Y. 

f853 Jones, Stacy Pa. 

1893 Jones. Waiter X. Y 

1884 Jones. William B. Pr>-or Va. 

1890 Jordan, Oscar J Pa. 

1857 Joslin. Benjamin Franklin (M. D.. LL. D.. Hon.) X. Y. (d. 1861) 

1S81 Judkins, Charles W Me 

1894 Justice, Harry Brick • N. J 

1885 Kaercher, William Frederick Pa 

1857 Kalopothakes, Michael Demetrius Greece (d.) 

1875 Karsner, Charles Wauph (M. D.! Pa. 

1887 Karsner, Daniel (M. D.) Pa. 

r888 Kase. Edmund Harris Pa. 

1903 Kauffman. .\braham B ( .\. B.) T 

1888 Kaufman. John 

1892 Keen, Georj?e Ira 

tS/5o Keep. J. Lester * 

1803 Kchler, B. Frank 

r88o KfhrfT. .\u?ustu-5 B 

1871 Keim. William Henry '. 

1S71 Keller, Henry Schwartzhach i'. ' "^^ 

1874 Killer. John David 

1876 Kelley. Lewis E 

r.Soi Kolliher, Mayvilie S 

1878 KeiloRg. F.dwin S \^ « 

uy^ Kelly. William F (B. S.'>. N .T 



118 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

1880 Kemble, James Pa. (d. 1S88) 

1895 Kendall. Edward Jame? ( Ph. G.) Can. 

1S71 Kennedy. James Clifford Pa. 

iSSi Kennedy. Robert. Jr Pa. (d. 1894) 

1870 Kennedy. Samuel Pa. 

1873 Kennedy. William Frank Del. 

1874 Kenyon, William Benham N. Y. 

1881 Kern. Elmer G N Y 

1878 Kern, George W Pa. 

1874 Kern, William Henry H Pa. 

1901 Kessler. Howard Dvsart Pa. 

iSs7 Keyes, Alvah E. . . " N. Y. 

1890 Kiefer, James D. (M. E.) Pa. 

1890 Kiefer. W. Jonathan Pa. 

i8^9 King, Barrington S Ga. 

1884 King. William D Pa. 

1858 King, William H Can., W. fd.^ 

i8v King, William N. (M. D.) Ga. 

1881 King, William R Pa. 

1880 Kingsbury. Edward N X. H. 

1895 Kinsley. Cephas Daniel X. Y. 

1895 Kinsloe, A\'m. Doughmann Pa. 

]874 Kirbv. Edmund Weslev (Rev.) Pa. 

1886 Kirby. Frank Henry Pa. 

1882 Kirbv. George Stewart Pa. 

1901 Kirby, Herbert William CB. S.^ Pa. 

1879 Kirby. Russell B Pa. (d. 1889) 

1S80 Kirk, Enos L Pa. 

1S71 Kirk, George Jacob Washington Pa. 

i8:;7 Kirk. Isaac E X. Y. fd. 1859) 

1891 Kirk. Peter Hallv Pa. (d.^ 

1886 Kirkland. Edward Vt. 

1861 Kirkpatrick. Alexander (Sp.) N. J. 

1876 Kirkpatrick. Horace B N. J. 

1883 Kistler, Abraham Lincoln Pa. 

1893 Kistler, Douglas S Pa. 

xSSg Kistler. Grant M Pa. 

1885 Kistler, Horace Edwin Pa. 

1879 Kistler, John S Pa. 

1892 Kistler, Milton S Pa. 

1901 Kistler. Seth Wessner ^ Pa. 

1874 Kistler. William Frank Pa. 

\S^6 Kitchen, James CM. D.. Hon.^ Pa. (d. 1894^ 

1863. Kittengcr, Leonard i^"^ J- . 

i88t Kittenger. Leonard A Del. 

1896 Klaer, Clarence Ps- 

1871 Klein. John We=lev Ky. 

i8S^ Kline. David C Pa. 

iS8t Klink. Frederick Pa. fd.) 

1878 Klock. Henry A Pa. 

t8qt Klock. Joseph Victor Pa. 

1887 Klopp. Calvin L. Pa. 

T804 Klopp. Henrv Irwin Pa. 

i8u Knapp. Theodore P N. Y. 

T8is8 Kneass. Xicholas W Pa. (d. 1S96) 

187^ Kneass. Robert K Pa- 

1898 Knerr. Bayard Pa- 

1869 Knerr. Calvin Brobst Pa. 

t88o Knerr. Levi J „' " ' ;y ' o'^^n 

1873 Knight. George Reese Pa. (d. 1877) 

1886 Knight. Greenwood H Me. 

1903 Knight. Isaac Warner : Pa- 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 119 

1871 Knowles. ^^'illiam Kelley Me. 

1893 Knov.-lton. \^'iliiam W X. T. 

1S77 Knox. Joseph H Me. 

1904 Koehler, Frederick George Pa. 

1878 Koenig, Max J Pa. 

1878 Koons, Tilghman D Pa. 

1896 Korndoerfer, Augustus, Jr Pa. 

1868 Korndoerfer, Augustus Pa. 

1895 Krause, William Pa. 

1901 Kreider, John II Pa. 

1883 Kreiss, Peter L "Pa. 

1889 Kressly, John A. CD. D. S.) Pa. 

1889 Krewson, Amos D Pa. 

1887 Krusen, Edward A Pa. 

1887 Kuestner, John Pa. 

1893 Kuhnel, Gustav A. CM. D.) Australia 

1887 Kuhry, George M Can. 

1895 Kuip, Horace Landes Pa. 

1880 Kunkel, William E Pa. 

1893 Kurtz, Alfred J Pa. 

1881 Kurtz, Charles G Pa. 

1899 Lackey, Howard Julian Xev. 

1891 Lacy, Henry A X. J. 

1861 Laidlaw. Alexander H. (Sp.) Pa. 

1880 Laird, Frank F X. V. 

1879 Lamb, George Mason X. Y. 

1904 Lamb, Harry Haves Pa. 

1903 Lambert, Harold Winfield Pa. 

1904 Lambert, Chauncev Benjamin X. J. 

1898 Lanphear, Frederick Leonard Mas.<. 

1857 Lancaster, Joseph J. (Sp.) Can.. W. 

1889 Landis, Daniel M Pa. 

1876 Lane, Charles Franklin Mas.<;. 

1878 Lane, Charles I X. H. (d. 1883) 

1891 Lane, Nathaniel F X. J. 

1887 Lane, Orville W Vt. 

1901 Lang, William P Pa. 

1890 Lange, Frederick W (Ph. B.) Pa. 

1883 Langer, Philip Joseph Pa. ( d. 1887^ 

1871 Lansing. Taylor X. Y. (d. 1883) 

1891 LaPlant, Hiram D Pa. 

1898 Larer, Richard White Pa. 

1889 Larkey, Alonzo Sanford (Ph. B.) Cal. 

1903 Laro--, Albert Henry Pa. 

1878 I^itick. Charles B Pa. ( d. 1870^ 

1899 Laughlin. Thnma> Livezey Pa 

1851 Laurie, Tosejjh ( M. D ") Fng. v a. 1865) 

1894 Lawrence, Frederick Mortimer X. Y. 

1R93 Lawrence. Joseph Ditnian Pa. 

1871 Lawton, Ch.nrles Henry R I- (d iStJ4> 

1882 Layman, Alfred Pa. 

1894 Lazaru.s, George Frederick Pa. 

1890 Lazcar. Lyttleton L I'-t- ul- >J'o8'> 

1859 I^ar, John Thomas ^-a 

TO04 Leas, Frederick Curwen (B. S.) Pa- 

i8<x) Leavitt. Forrest •• ^ *• 

187^ LcckiHT, John Davis Pa- 

T883 Leckic. John W (Rev.) Pa- 

1801 Leckie, John W '.. Jr P» 

m.\ T.er. C harlr ^ II Pa 

18^1 i.if. John K ....P«. (d. 1887^ 



120 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

1869 Lee, John Kidcl Pa. ( d. 1889) 

1889 Lee. William F Pa. 

1867 Leech, William C. O. 

1892 Leedom, William Nathaniel Pa. 

1884 Lefevre, John R Pa. 

1878 Lefferts, Frank P Pa. 

1902 Lehman, Frank Pa. 

1886 Lehmayer, Martin N Pa. 

1873 Leland, Clarence H , Mass. 

1854 Lentz, Henry S Pa. (d.) 

1865 Lentz, Levi R Pa. 

1850 Leonard, Ezra N. Y. 

1881 Leonard, Hursey K K. Y. 

1878 Leonard, Henry C Minn. 

1903 Leonard, John McGuirk Pa. 

1879 Leonard, William Edwin Minn. 

1896 Leopold, Herbert Preston (A. B.) Pa. 

1903 Lerch, Donald Ganger (A. B.) Pa. 

1883 LeRoy, Elmore W N. Y. 

1886 LeSeur, John Wesley N. Y. 

1904 Leslie. Arthur Corwin Ct. 

1901 Leslie, Edward C Pa. 

1854 Levanway, William A N. Y. 

1899 Levis, George Edward Pa. 

1891 Lewis, Clarence Jarrett Pa. 

1870 Lewis, Henry Minton Nevada 

1883 Lewis, Hiram L. (M. D.) Md. 

1875 Lewis, Joseph Cresswell Pa. 

1861 Lewis. Richard Pa. (d. 1883) 

1891 Lichtenwalner, Abbott B , Pa. 

1866 Lichtenwalner, Milton D Pa. 

1897 Liddle, Henry Sanford N. Y. 

1888 Lieb, Andrew G Pa. 

1869 Light, George Washington O. 

1893 Lilliendahl, William N. Y. 

1890 Lindabury, Albert A. (M. D.) Pa. 

1504 Lindaman, Rice Houston Pa. 

1888 Lindley, Havard Md. 

1S51 Lindsay, Albert Mass. (d. 1886) 

1887 Lindsley. Horace Utah 

1881 Lingle, John C Pa. 

1866 Lippe, Constantine CM. D.) Pa. (d. 1885) 

1866 Lippincott, Aquila B N. J. (d.) 

7873 Lippincott, Eldridge N. J. 

1889 Lippitt, Louis D. : R- I- 

1S67 Liscomb, D. P. (Sp.) Pa. 

1892 Litchfield, Harry N.J. 

1898 Livezey, Frank Barrett Pa. 

1891 Locke, Melvin J Pa. 

1884 Locke. William E • • Vt. 

1877 J^ockrcw, Calvin N. Y. 

1868 Loelkes. George Prussia 

1902 Logan, James Clarke (A. B.) Pa. 

1883 Long, F. Morton CD. D. S.) Pa. 

1877 Long, Howard W Pa- 

1903 Long, Joseph William '• Tnd. 

1900 Long, Leon Lester Pa- 

1873 Long, Samuel P^- 

1867 Longstreet, A. O O. (d. 1879^) 

1899 Longstreet, Fred Irvin N. J. 

1850 Loomis, Joseph Griswold (M. D.)...^ N. Y. (d. 1853) 

1854 Loucks, John, Jr. (M. D.) N. Y 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 121 

857 Lougee, William H X. H. (d. 1897) 

876 Lovett, Alfred Augustus O. 

889 Low, Samuel Percy Cal. 

863 Lowry, Charles N. J. 

890 Lucena, Francisco M S. America 

900 Ludy. Robert Borneman (B. E., M. D.) N. J. 

883 Lufkin, Harry M 111. 

878 Lukens, J. Paul Del. 

852 Lungren, Samuel Smith (M. D) Md. (d. 1892) 

885 Luyties, Carl J. f M. D.) Mo. 

850 Luyties, Diedrich Reinhard Pa. (d. 1879) 

877 Lyford, Franklin O Me. 

89s Lyle, William Howard Pa. 

889 Lyon, Melvern S X. J. 

870 Lytle, Randal M. (M. D.) Tenn. (d. 1876) 

880 Macdonald, John Pa. 

888 Macdonald, Thomas L Mass. 

904 MacDonnell, William T. D Pa. 

890 Mace, Howard S Pa. 

875 Macfarlan, Duncan N. Y. 

868 Macfarlan, Malcolm (M. D., Sp.) Pa. 

901 MacGregor, James Beaton Col. 

895 Mackenzie, Alexander Ross Nova Scotia 

902 MacKenzie, Arthur Lee Pa. 

893 Mackenzie, George W., Jr. ( A. B.) Pa. 

884 MacMahon, Walter G Pa. 

892 Macomber, William S Mass. 

883 Maddux, Daniel Parish Pa. 

882 Maguire, William T Pa. 

878 Mahorney, John C Ind. 

872 Mahr, Edward Ky. (d- iS/^) 

893 Maires, Walter W Pa. 

864 Malford, Clarence W. (Sp.) N. J. 

860 Malin, John Pa. (d. i88q) 

858 Malin, William H Pa. 

886 Mann, Eugene L Minn. 

894 Mann, Simon Seitz Pa. 

890 Manning, Guv E Nevada 

885 Mansfield. Harry K Pa. 

879 Mansfield, Job Robert Pa. 

S76 Manson, C. Franklin Pa. 

899 Mantz, Eli Sylvester Pa. 

873 Marcy. Anson Liswell Ill- 

889 Markel, Granville R Pa. 

869 Marks, William Fink Pa. 

885 Marquez, A;itonio J S. .\merica 

885 Marsden, Biddle R Pa. 

866 Marsden, Geor.ge F Pa. 

880 Marsh, Franklin F N. H. 

871 Marshall, Perry Vt. 

800 Marshall, Robert S Pa. 

878 Martcr, George W Pa. 

K</> Marler, Linneaus Eshcr Pa. 

876 Martm, AhU-n Edwards Pa. 

886 Martin, George A N. H. 

865 Martin. Henry Noah N. Y. (d. i88o> 

899 Martin, William Jolinc Pa. 

W)5 Martin, R-.bert W Pa- 

88k Martin, Stoddard Spraguc P«- 

K60 Martin, riu.mas 1) ' Ga. (<!."> 

877 Martin, William J P«- 



122 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

T : T- 

1859 Mason, Charles H X. J. (d.) 

1881 Masser, Frank B. (M. D.) Pa. 

1903 . Massey, Franklin Fulforth Pa. 

1879 Matchan, Robert D Minn. 

1871 Mathison, Thomas La. 

1901 Matlack, Thomas Pa. 

1880 Mattbon, Alfred S Pa. 

902 Maurer, Elmer Harold (M. E.) Pa. 

875 Maurer, Joseph Morgan Md. 

893 Maust, George W Pa. 

892 Mays, George W Pa. 

855 McAffee, Edwin M Pa. 

861 McAftee, William Durham 111. 

856 McAllister, James Mairs Pa. ( d. ) 

899 McBurney, Matthew Reed (A. B.) Pa. 

891 McCann, T. Addison.'. O. 

855 McCants, Archibald C Fla. 

895 McCarty, Robert Henderson Pa. 

890 McCeney, Edward M. (M, D.) Ja. 

856 McChesney, A. B. (M D.) 111. 

S'^e McClatchev, Robert John Pa. ( d. 188^ ) 

867 McClelland, James H Pa. 

879 McClelland, John Black Pa. 

884 McClelland, Robert W. (B. S.) Pa. 

S67 McCIure, John B Kv. 

893 McComas, William G Md. 

904 McCoy, Charles Milton Pa. 

892 McCullough, John H X. J. 

S78 McCullough, William G Pa. 

890 McDonald, James T : Me. 

878 McDonough, Charier, M Pa. 

851 McDovvall, John Eng. 

896 McDowell, Archibald Sewell (A. B.) Pa. 

892 McDowell, Charles H la. 

887 McDowell, Charles H Pa. 

896 McDowell, William Archibald Pa. 

878 :^IcDoweli, William C la. 

860 McDuffee, J. W La. ( d.) 

893 McFadyen, Walter Scoit Pa. 

854 McFarland, M Mass. 

895 McGarrah, Olin K Pa. 

894 McGeorge, Emerson P N. J. 

868 McGeorge, Wallace Pa. 

880 McGill, Edward Knight .- Pa. 

876 McGranaghan. William Henry, Jr Ky. 

883 McGregor, Tohn L. (D. D. S.) X. H. 

886 Mcllroy, William P Pa. 

870 Mclntire. Robert L Pa. 

881 Mcintosh, Frederick L Pa. 

889 McKenzie, Horace W. (A. B.) Pa. 

878 McKinstry. Frank P Pa. 

881 McLaren. David C (M. D.) Can. 

871 McLin, George Henry ( M. D.) Mich. 

901 McNeill Robert John (A. B.) Pa. 

882 McNulty, Peter R Minn. 

878 Mcpherson, Donald N. Y. 

888 McPherson. Finky N. Y. 

S,73 McPherson, John Clinton N. Y. 

8go McPherson, Peter J N. Y. 

.S59 McPherson, William H X. J. (d.) 

883 McWayne, Albert Honolulu 

S(>S McWhorter, Thos. Henry CM. D.) Pa. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 123 

1892 Means, Charles S. (M. D.) O. 

1898 Meily, Harry Seltzer Pa. 

1885 Melze, Louis A. (D. D. S.) Pa. 

1870 Mera, Harrv P. (M. D.) X. Y. 

1886 Mercer, Caleb Sharpless Pa. ( d. 1891 ) 

1884 Mercer, Edward W Pa. 

1861 Mercer, Robert P ....Pa. 

1899 Mercer, Warren C Pa. 

1904 Merkel, George Albert Pa. 

1888 Merrell, Albert F X. Y. 

1586 Merrell, E. Delmont Me. 

1888 Merriam, Franklin Ealer Pa. 

igoi Merrill. Benjamin Eugene X. H. 

1851 i*\Ierriman, Charles L Mich. 

1894 Merriman, David LeRoy Pa. 

1S85 Mertzmann. Bernard F Pa. 

1885 Messerve, Frederick W X. J. 

1896 Messick, William Rodney -. Del. 

1875 Metcalf. Jewetr W Cal. 

1852 Metcalfe, William (Sp.) Pa. (d. 1862) 

1904 Metzger, IrN-in D. (M. D.) Pa. 

1861 Metzger, Samuel H Pa. 

1883 Mickle, Frank B. (M. D.) Md. (d. 1897'* 

1862 Middleton, Caleb S X. J. 

1892 Middleton, Caleb Scattergood, Tr Miss. 

1S6S Middleton, M. T X. J. 

1S82 Middleton, Willi? H Pa. 

1876 Mifflin, Robert W Pa. 

1587 Millen, Jesse C ' Pa. 

1853 Miller, Alexander C X. J. 

1872 Miller. Alvin Isaac Pa. 

1868 Miller, C. C X. Y. 

1887 Miller, Charles R. (M. E.) Pa. 

1891 Miller, Frederick M Pa. (d.) 

1903 Miller John Daniel ( A. B.) O. 

1896 Miller, Harvey Donmeyer (B. S.) ". Pa. 

1882 Miller. Xiles M. (M. D.) Pa. 

1898 Miller, Martin Luther (B. S.) Pa. 

1861 Miller, Robert Emmett X. Y. 

1877 Miller, Zacharv 1' Pa. 

1894 Mills, Alfred Giokman .Pa. 

1900 Mills, Charles Street X. 1. 

1874 Mills. James Porter (M. D.) Til. 

1884 Milson, Charles E Pa. 

1887 Minard, William Frank . Vt. 

1851 Minicr, William S X. Y 

1853 Minton, Henry . X. Y. (d. iSt)5> 

1885 Mitchell, Eugene Poorc HI. (d. i8q5^ 

1902 Mitchell. George Booth Pa. 

1AS8 Mitchell, George W. (M. D.) IH. 

1902 Mitdiell, George W Pa. 

1.S7-? Mitchell. John Nicholas Pa. 

Kx)3 Mitchell. Walton T. (B. S.) Minn. 

1876 Moat, William Steele Pa. 

1804 MoffitI , Carl Wahner Me. 

1875 Mohr, Charles. Jr Pa. 

1870 Moke. Joseph Anton Prussia 

iSWj Moncure. W. IVytoii Va. 

iS6j Monell. John V !';> 

1S70 Monroe, Andrew Lrighl Ky 

1S90 MontgonuTv, Richard Wallace -^ , ^' 

l()02 Moore, Alfred Milton . Col 



124 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

1870 Moore, Charles Aristides Russel Va. 

1853 Moore, Francis R *. Pa. 

1892 Moore, Harry W N. J. 

1893 Moore, Howard D Ct. 

1869 Moore, John (M. D.) Eng. 

1856 Moore, John D. (M. D.) N. J. (d. 1867) 

1868 Moore, Thomas (M. D., Sp.) Pa. (d. 1882) 

1S84 Moore, Thomas C Del. 

1859 Moore, Volney L Wis. (d. 1885) 

1893 Moreland, George B Pa. 

1896 Morford, William Brown N. J. 

1852 Morgan, Alonzo R N. Y. 

1891 Morgan, Edwd. M. (M. D., C. M.) Can. 

1871 Morgan, George Evelyn N. Y. 

1904 Morgan, John 'N. Y. 

1886 Morgan, John C. (M. D., Hon.) Pa. 

1900 Morgan, William Edwin Pa. 

1894 Morozzi. Albert Cruse Pa. 

1894 Morrill, Alpheus Baker (B. S.) N. H. 

1904 Morris, Frederick Simon Ind. 

1902 Morris, Isaac E O. 

1871 Morris, Madison Bayard Pa. 

1857 Morris, William Smith .Pa. (d. 1895) 

1888 Morrison, Benjamin Duncan W. Va. 

1883 Morri.son, Charles C Me. 

1902 Morrison, Claude Alvoi Va. 

1881 Morrison, George H N. H. 

1869 Morrison, Stanvers ( F. R. C. S. ) Eng. 

1903 Morrison, Winfred Theodore Pa. 

1853 Morse, Asa W N. Y. 

1895 Morse, Bertrand Osborne la. 

1856 Morse, Calvin Emory Mass. 

1854 Morse, George S N. Y. 

1872 Morse, Lucius Daniel Tenn. 

1856 Morton, Edward W Me. 

1879 Mosher, Byron D N. Y. 

1885 Mosher, Elmer E N. Y. 

1889 Moslander, William S N. J. 

1879 Mount, Frederick D Pa. 

1903 Mount, Morgan Frederick D. C. 

1868 Mower, M. P la. 

1873 Mowry, Samuel Robinson R. I. (d. 1876) 

1872 Moyer, Samuel Clymer Pa. 

1877 Mueller, Clotar (M. D., Hon.) Germany (d. 1877) 

1903 Mueller, Richard Albert Ct. 

1900 Muhly. Edward George Pa. 

1902 Mukerjee, Amar Nath India 

1883 Mulford, Clarence H. (M. D.) N. J. 

1851 Mulford, Joseph L N. J. 

1879 Mullen, Sheppard A Pa. 

1886 Mullin, John Wesley Pa. 

1881 Mullin, William P Pa. 

1850 Munsey, Barton N. C. 

1890 Munson, Milton Lavelle N. Y. 

1872 Murdoch, Robert Pa. 

1873 Murphey, Francis E N. Y. 

1854 Murphy, William ■ Pa. 

1882 Murray, Arthur S Vt. 

1882 Murray, Gcorce E Md. 

1853 Musgrave, John Freedley Pa. ( d. 1891 ) 

1898 Muth, Frederick Lucius Pa. 

1889 Myers. Charles E Pa- 



HISTORY OF HOAICEOPATHY 125 

1886 Neeld, Charles M Pa. 

1894 ^eff, Henry Sagendort Pa. ( d. 1895 ) 

1887 Negendank, Egmont T DeL 

1904 Nesbit, Edwin Lightner (A. B.) Pa. 

1902 Xeumiiller, Maurice Henry Pa. 

1865 Neville, William H. H Pa. 

1898 Nevinger, Martin J Pa. 

1895 \e\vboJd, Herman Alexander X. J. 

1903 Newman, George W Pa. 

1867 Newton, Charles (M. D.) N.J. 

1872 Newton, Samuel Elwell N. J. 

1857 Nichol, Thomas Can. W. (,d. 1890) 

1876 Nichols, Anni Sibley ■ Minn. 

1892 Nichols, Clarence Md. 

1885 Nichols, Clarence L Ore. 

1861 Nichols, Frank Mass. 

1902 Nichols, Frank Edwin S. C. 

1861 Nichols, George Mass. 

1895 Nichols, Herbert Strong Ore. 

1904 Nicholson, Harland Clinton Pa. 

1896 Nicholson, Harry Schuyler Pa 

1876 Nogueira, Diego Puyso S. America 

1887 Norris, Albert A : Pa. 

1901 Norris, Clarence A X. J. 

1898 Northrop, Edward Raymond (3. 

1889 Northrop, Herbert L Ct. 

1872 Norton, Frank Russell X. Y. 

1894 Norwood. Joseph Frederick Me. 

'1870 Nottingham, John N. J. (d. 1897 ) 

1875 Nowell, John Fletcher Md. 

1869 Noxon, Allen ( .M. D.) Can. \V. 

1867 Nunez. Marquis de ( M. D., Hon.) Spain (d. 1879) 

1892 Nuss, Winfrcd W Pa. 

x886 Oatley, Eugene Lyman X. V. (d. 1891) 

1891 Oberhalser, Martin II Pa. 

1889 Occhsle, John J Pa. 

1885 Ogdcn, Beniannn i larvey ( B. .A.) Miim. 

1898 Ogden, George Stewart Pa. 

1885 O'Harra, John X. J. 

1893 Olds, Charles Louis X. V. 

1881 Oliver, Andrew S .Mass. 

1900 Olmslead. Percy Williams Ct. 

1866 Orenga, Francisco ( .M. U. ) ' Porto Rico 

1896 Ornisby, Willi, tni iU-rl X. V. 

1875 ().sborn, James .\nie- Pa. 

1884 Osman, J. Reed Pa. 

1864 Ostrander, Walter S., .Mel Pa. (d. 1881) 

1904 Ostrom, [•'. Ward X. V. 

1866 Owens, James !'.. (M. I).) O. 

1875 Owen, Reuben (Rev.) Pa. 

i8(>6 l',icker, Rev. David Pa. 

1867 Packer, l-'.dinund II Vt. 

1871 Packer, iMidenck llerberl... \'t. 

i8()8 I'.iiil, lUiuy I'. (A. M.) IVx. 

l.'<iJ3 I'ailliiu, i'JMiie K Mo. 

1877 Paine. Bartlcll I. (.M. D.) >> 

l«S-' 
1895 
i8(J3 
I8.S3 



'aine, Jdsi'iili I \ 

'.lien, (iiibirl Jn^tph ( .\ Hi 

'aluur, C'harUs Roes 

'ainuT, l-'rederic Niles \ . 



126 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

892 Palmer, Lewis Rufus X. Y. 

902 Palmer, Wayland Ray Pa. 

901 Palmer, Willard Grant la. 

860 Pardee, Ward C X. Y. 

876 Parke, George Taylor X. Y. 

903 Parker, Brantly Fuller Pa. 

904 Parker, C. Allan X. J. 

904 Parker. Frank Benjamin O. 

870 Parker, George Washington Pa. 

868 Parker, H. C. CM. D.)^ Tex. 

SSo Parker. Thomas El\vo(id , Pa. 

900 Parkhurst. Daniel Burleigh X. J. 

89^ Parry, Edward H. (B. S.') 111. 

866 Parsell. George H X. Y. 

891 Parsons, Arthur Lincoln Me. 

877 Parsons. Edgar C 111. 

868 Patch. Albert E Me. (d. 1868) 

900 Patterson. Robert A. T Pa. 

S70 Patton, James H. CSp.) Va. 

899 Paxon, Charles Evans . X. Y. 

890 Paxson, Oliver H Pa. 

896 Paxson, Richard Randolph Pa. 

868 Pavne. Frederick W. CM. D.^ Me. 

868 Peacock. Thomas H Pa. 

881 Peacock. Robert H N. J. 

879 Peacock. William Pa. 

877 Pearce. Clarence Johnson CM. D.) Kv. (d. 1802) 

877 Pearce. Robert W. CM. D.) Ky. 

850 Peirce. Thoma<; A Me. 

891 Pearman. Svlvan (A. M.. M. D.) Col. 

8^8 Pearsall. Samuel T • K'. Y. 

88=; Pearre. Walter (M. D.) Md. 

897 Peck. John Lvman TM. S.) Pa. 

871 Peckham. Allen Gifford N. Y. 

899 Peckham. Alva Lawrence CR. S.) N. Y. 

874 Peckham. John J N. Y. 

892 Pedrick. Alfred C. Jr Pa. 

896 Peet, Ernest Leland Pa. 

869 Peltzcr, Alexander Germany 

873 Pemberton. Harry H. CM D.) N. J. 

904 Pennock, David Sands B Pa. 

902 Pennock, Henrv Rile ' Del. 

867 Pennock. T. L.' (M. D.) _. . 

870 Pennoyer, Nelson Alonzo Wis. 

870 Perkins, Charles Williamson N. J. 

901 Perkins, C. Winfield Pa. 

868 Perkins, Daniel C Me. 

878 Perkins. Edward R Minn. 

872 Perkins. Robert Shield . Va. 

895 Perkins. Theodore Edward Pa. 

893 Perrine. James K. M Pa. 

886 Peterman, John Frank Md. 

877 Peterson. Alfred C Pa. 

8^9 Peterson, Orton W N. Y. 

8"t;8 Peterson. Wilson N. Y. 

886 Peters. Rvron !\T. E Pa. 

888 Peters. Tsadore L Pa. 

875 Peters. John Elwood Pa. 

881 Peters. 1\T. Rutherford Pa. 

88t Peters. William C Pa. 

88 "? Pfcfferkorn, Ferdinand C. L Mass. 

856 Pfeiffer, George S. F. ('^^. D.^ Pa. (d. 1883) 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 127 

1867 Phelan. Richard A. (A. B.) Mn. 

1881 Philbrick. Charles S Me. 

1868 Phillips, E. H. (M. D.) X T. 

1884 Phillips. Hibbard S. (A. M.) Pa. 

1892 Phillips, Walter H X. J. 

1854 Pierce, Levi Mass. (d. 1891 t 

i860 Pierce, Levi Judson X. H. (d. 1863 » 

1869 Pierce, Wm. Appleton Drown Pa. 

1857 Piersol, Jerem)ah_M Pa. (d. ) 

1891 Pierson, Frank r Del. 

1892 Pines, Jacob Darwin Pa. 

1900 Pinney, Almon William Ct. 

1892 Piper, Robert Lawrence Pa. 

1904 Piper, William Scott Pa. 

1880 Pitcairn, Hugh Pa. 

1895 Pitcairn. Roy Campbell Pa. 

1867 Pitcher. Alfred O la. 

1900 Piatt, Charles, A. C. (Ph. D.) Pa. 

1856 Piatt, Joseph Hall X. Y. 

1887 Pleasanton. George W Del. 

1896 Ploucher, William Allen Pa. 

1854 Poe, Robert W Ala. 

1871 Pollock, Joseph Robert 111. 

1901 Pollock. Philip Llo2/d Tex. 

1903 Pond, Irving Judson Minn. 

1852 Pope. Alfred Crosby (Sp.) Enc. 

1869 Porter, Edward 111. (d. 1879) 

1902 Porter, Henry Evans Pa. 

i860 Porr. Frederick M Pa. (d. 1865^ 

1883 Posey, Louis Plumer Pa. 

1904 Postles, Wilbur Emerson Del. 

1857 Potter, Franklin W X. Y. ( d.^ 

1900 Pounds, Francis Sims X. J. 

1886 Pounds, William H Pa. 

1881 Powel. Frankhn Pa. 

1886 Powel. Howard Pa. 

1890 Powel. Milton (D. D. S.) Pa. 

1887 Powel. William R Pa. 

1897 Powell, Benajah Butcher CPh. G.) Pa. 

1879 Powell, William C, Jr Pa. 

1895 Powelson, Howard Jackson X. Y. 

1877 Powers, Merrit L Vt. 

1851 Pratt, David S Pa. 

1861 Pratt, Davis R . . .• Pa. ( d.) 

1863 Pratt, Henry C Pa. 

1903 Pratt, John Stanford M Pa. 

1873 Pratt, Joseph W Pa. 

1852 Pratt. Leoinrd Pa. 

1854 Pratt, Marcus L N. Y. 

1853 Pratt, Theodore L Pa. 

1870 Pratt. Trimble Pa. 

1^53 Preston, Coates Pa. ( d 18S1 "» 

1877 Preston. FrcdeTick L Pa. 

1861 Preston, Mahlon Pa. (il 1805) 

1897 Price, David John Pa. 

1875 Price. EldridRe C. CM. D.) Md. 

1870 Price, I'Vrris T l\i, 

1888 Price, Samuel W Pa. 

1885 Prilay. John M Me. 

1882 PniK-e. Francis C Pa. 

IQ02 Prior. J.inus Howland M;<ss 

1885 Prisli. Willi im J. . \ V 



128 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

1896 Prizer, Elmer Towers Pa. 

1899 Proctor, William Marsh ' Vt. 

1880 Proctor, Wiilis H.. N. H. 

1872 Puente. Francisco Donado S. America 

1861 Pulsifer, Horatio B Me. 

1890 Pulsifer, Ralph H. (A. B.) Me. 

1872 Pulsifer, Thomas Benton Me. 

1887 Pulsifer, William M. (M. D.) Me. 

1877 Pursel, Jacob E ; Pa. (d. 1885) 

1871 Pusey. Edgar John Pa. (d.) 

1868 Putnam. Charles M Mich. 

1857 Putnam, Thomas N. Y. 

1891 Quackenbush, Arnle}' Can. 

1901 Quackenbush, Frederick Briggs (Ph. G.) N. Y. 

1855 Quick, Theodore X. Y. ( d. 1877) 

1877 Quinby. Courtland F Del. 

1873 Quint, Silas Hurd, Jr N. J. 

1902 Raiguel, George Earle Pa. 

1889 Rambo. William S Pa. 

1897 Ramsey. George William Pa. 

i88q Randall, Howard E. (B, S.) Pa. 

1898 Randall. Edward Gove (A. B.) Vt. 

1852 Randel, John Massey Md. (d. 1858) 

1858 Rankin, John S Pa. 

1882 RansQn, William C, Jr Pa. 

1904 Rau, Conrad Frederick Pa. 

1892 Raue, Charles G. (M. D., Hon) , Pa. (d. 1896) 

1895 Raue. Charles Sigmund Pa. 

1890 Raue, J. Ferdinand Pa. 

1896 Rauterberg, Arthur Chas. (M. D.) D. C. 

1859 Rawson, Edward 111. 

1869 Ray, Wm. (M. R. C. S. E.) Eng. 

1851 Raymond, Jonas C N. Y. 

1884 Read. Edward Wayland X. Y. (d. 1897) 

1891 Reading. Charles L Pa. 

1878 Reading, J. Herbert Pa. 

1853 Reading, Edward Pa. ( d. i88o^ 

1880 Reading, L. Willard Pa. 

1888 Reading, Thomas Pa. 

1858 Redman, George A X. Y. (d.) 

1896 Redman, John Lei fried Pa. 

1861 Reed, Jacob, Jr. ( Sp.) Pa. 

1855 Reed, John X Mass. 

1871 Reed, Rufus N.J. 

1872 Reed, Thomas E O. 

i860 Reed, Theodore X X. J. (d.) 

1852 Reed, William Ashton Pa. ( d. t«93 ) 

1899 Reeve, Malvern N. J. 

1877 Reeves, Joseph M Pa. 

1886 Reger, Charles All)ert Pa. 

1870 Reich, Benjamin Franklin (M. D.) Pa. 

1900 Reich, George Roth Pa. 

1883 ReifT, Nathan G. ( A. B.V. Pa. 

1869 Reinhold, Hahnemann Etzler Pa. ( d. 1879) 

1879 Reinhold. Max J Pa. 

1893 Reith, Emil (M. D. ) Pa. 

T903 Reitz. James Jefiferson (A. M. ") Pa. 

1869 Rcmbaugh. Alonzo Clark Pa. 

1853 Remington. Stephen, Jr X. Y. 

1895 Rendcll, Maitland W. (A. B.) Pa. 



HISTORY OF HOMGEOPATHY 129 

1897 Rennie, Wesle.v Hartmann Pa. 

1899 Rether, Charles Hoffman Pa. 

) Reud, \Vm. Robert Pa. 

1865 Reynolds. Herbert, Jr Pa. 

1870 Reynolds, William Benjamin Pa. 

) Rhoads, George Vt. 

1900 Rhodes, Charles Melancthon Pa. 

[902 Rhodes, Harry Harbaugh Pa. 

) Rice, Alfred O. 

1870 Rice, Hyland Washington 111. (d. 1884) 

[892 Rice. Thompson R Ind. (d. ) 

) Richards, Charles Matthias Pa. 

1898 Richards. Frank Llewellvn (A. B.) N. Y. 

1866 Richards. John C. (M. D. ) Pa. 

1868 Richards. Rosanna Scott Nova Scotia 

1882 Richardson. Aubrey J Pa. 

) Richardson. Frank C. (M. D.) Mass. 

1902 Richie, Elisha Roberts (B. S.) X. J. 

1878 Richtstine. Frank B Pa. 

1878 Rickcr, George E Minn. 

i Riddel, Herbert Ewing Pa. 

1879 Riddick. Nathaniel Kenley Va. 

1882 Ridge. Jonathan T Pa. 

1858 Ridgv.av. Philip R. ( :\I. D.. Sp. ) Mass. 

186S Ridings. James H Pa. 

1887 Riegal. Adam J Pa. 

1861 Richie. Charles B Pa. (d.) 

1879 Rile, James Harmer Del. 

[902 Rile, Walter Bright ( B. A.) Pa. 

? Rinehart, Clarence C Pa. 

1891 Rinehart, Stanley M. (Ph. B. ) Pa. 

1851 Ring, Hamilton Md. (d. 1884) 

1877 Rink, Eugene F Pa. 

1885 Rink. Walter S N.J. 

1903 Rink, William Eugene N. J. 

1895 Ritchie, Charles Archibald O. 

1885 Rittenhouse. Jacob S Pa. 

1898 Robbins. Walter John ( M. D.) Pa. 

1889 Roberts. C. Wesley DC. 

1890 Roberts, Charles S Me. (d. 1890) 

1897 Roberts, Fn^erick Walter N. J. 

1873 Roberts, James V Pa. 

1883 Roberts, Lemuel M O. 

1904 Rf)l)erts. Louis D Pa. 

1898 RoI)erts, Norman (A !'... M. D.) Pa. 

185-5 Ro!)erts. Osmore () Vt. (d.) 

1858 Roberts. R Ross Pa. (d. 1S75) 

1901 Roberts. William Burcbard ( B S.) Miiui. 

1872 Robertson. Tiiomas William Micii. 

l8<J3 Robinson, P'dward Ames Pa. 

iS8r Robinson, James B Minn. 

i8(/) Robinson, John Turner N. J. 

1877 Robinson, John W Pa. 

1881 Roby, George 1'' N. H. 

H/x) Rochester, J. R. l-'ouiUain ( V. S. ) Md. 

1876 Rockatellow. Lavergnc Lambert N. Y. (i\.) 

1858 R<.ckuell. Almon F NY. 

1871 Rockwitb, l-rauk A. (M. D.. H(.m.) N. J. 

i!-W7 RrKies. Jost'ph Pn. (<l. i8oh> 

iiX)3 Roedmaim. .Maximili.ui Pa. 

1871 Rogers, l''.liiali I'eimypacker iiu! 

ia8s Rogers, William V !'• 



130 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

1898 Rogers, \V ilHam Norwood Pa. 

893 Roman, Desidei io Nicaragua 

896 Roman, Victor Alanuel Nicaragua 

870 Romig, George M. (M. D.) Pa. 

896 Romig, Joseph Herman Kan. 

871 Romig, William Henry (M. D.) Pa. (d. 1884) 

889 Roome, Edward ( A. M., M. D.) D. C. 

904 Roscoe, Harry Allison (M. D.) Pa. 

865 Rose, John F. Pa. 

875 Rosenberger, Henry D Pa. 

856 Rosm.an, John Gaul N. Y. (d. 1892) 

875 Rossiter, Edwm Bowen Pa. 

870 Roth, Amos Ashenfelter Pa. (d. 1890) 

898 Roth, Charles Edward (A. B.) Pa. 

899 Roth. Robert Ray Md. 

878 Roth, WflUiam F Pa. 

894 Roth. William Fritchey Aid. 

891 Rothermel, Felix D Pa. 

870 Rotzell, Joseph Milton Pa. (d.) 

892 Rotzell, Willett Enos Pa. 

882 Rounseval, Charles S Vt. 

899 Rowell, Edward Everett Ct. 

899 Rowell, Edward Everett, Jr Ct. 

895 Rowell, James Frederick Ct. 

903 Rowland, John Forrest (B. S.) Pa. 

852 Rowland, Joseph G 111. 

867 Rubini, Rocco ( M. D., Hon.) Naples 

866 Rueckert, Theodore J. -(M. D., Hon.) Germany ( d. 1885) 

898 Ruffell, John Benjamin Pa. 

890 Rumsay, Charles L. ( A. B.) Pa. 

872 Rupp. Aristides Beza Calvin Pa. (d.) 

896 Rush, John Calvin N. J. 

874 Rush, Stephen Yarger Pa. ( d. 1876) 

899 Russell, Reister Kephart Md. 

874 Rutter, Everett Webster Pa. 

855 Rutter, John C Pa. 

894 Ryder, John C O. 

5 Sabas, Y Castillo, Francisco Cuba 

882 Sackett, Edgar W Pa, (d.) 

894 Sager, Cyril Wickfield (M. D.) O. 

873 Salisbury, Samuel S 111. 

903 Sample, Clyde Wilfred Pa. 

880 Sampson, Allen W .- Me. 

882 Sampson, Franklm S Me. 

882 Sandel, John H Pa. 

854 Sanders, Abraham B Mass. (d. 1854) 

880 Sanders, Christian B Tex. 

900 Sanderson, Harry Herbert Pa. 

855 Saunders, Charles F R. I. (d. i860) 

857 Sanford, Enoch W Mass. (d. 1875) 

892 Sanger, Henry Mortimer R. I. 

868 Sanger, Thaddeus E N. H. 

897 Sappington, Samuel Watkin ' Pa. 

881 Sargent, Charles S Cal. 

852 Sargent, Rufus (M. D.) Mass. (d. 1886) 

901 Satchell, William Forrester. Pa. 

903 Satterer, William N.J. 

897 Satterthwait, Abbott N. J. 

883 Satterthwait, Joseph H., Jr Pa. 

901 Saul, Charles Dudley Pa. 

870 Savage, Charles Maury O. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 131 

1864 Savage, William J Va. 

1866 Sawtelle, George B Me. 

1876 Savior, George W. (M. D.) Pa. (d.) 

1880 Saylor, Norman A la. 

1878 Saxton, Dana F X. J. ( d. 1878) 

1893 Scarborough, Charles W X. J. 

1901 Scatchard, Edward Harris (A. B.) Pa. 

1893 Schall, John Hubley, Jr Pa. 

1891 Schantz, Henrv F. f A. B.) Pa. 

1889 Scheliha, Paul W. von (M. D.) Pa. 

1859 Scherzer. William Ga. ( d. 1882) 

1871 Scheurer, Emanuel Melancthon Pa. 

1902 Schley. Robert Monfort Pa. 

1868 Schmidt, Jacob (M. D.) Md. ( d. 1880) 

1867 Schmits, Gustavus Adolphus Germany ( d. 1867) 

1870 Schmucker, Elhanan Zook Pa. (d. 1894) 

1900 Schneider, A. C. Herman Pa. 

1902 Schofield, James Dobson Pa. 

1885 Schollenberger, Lewis A Pa. 

1894 Schoonmaker, Arthur Twing Mass. 

1 901 Schulz, Herman S X. Y. 

1870 Schulz, Richard Germany 

1885 Schulze, Carl A. (A.iM.) O. 

1880 Schwartz, Charles W Pa. 

1882 Schwenk, Clayton S Pa- 

1854 Scott, Chester Walter Vt_ 

1880 Scott, Fremont W X. Y, 

i860 Scott, James L Pa. (d. i876> 

1903 Scott, James P. E. (Ph. G.) Pa. 

1877 Scott, John P Pa. (d. i879> 

1899 Scott, Robert Case X. Y. 

1878 Scott, Samuel C Pa. 

1869 Scott. William R., Jr Pa. (d.) 

1879 Scudder, Nelson C - X. Y. 

1849 Sciidder, Samuel O r N. Y. (d. 1893) 

1869 Seavey, Marcian ^le- 

1904 Seeley, Oscar Pa. 

1900 Seibert, Walter W. (A. E.) Pa. 

1894 Seidel, Frank Wesley Pa. 

1882 Seip, Charles L Pa. 

1868 Seip, Christian P Pa. 

1888 Seitz, William Clinton Pa. 

1887 Selfridu;c, Clarence M Cai. 

1889 Selfridgc. Grant Cal. 

1859 Sellen, Theodore B N. Y. (d.> 

1894 Seligman, Abr.im Pott (M. D.) Pa. 

1891 Sevcringhans, luhvin A. (M. D.) Ind. 

1873 Seward, John l.eddcl (M. D.) N. J. 

1903 Seybert, Charles H Pa. 

1877 Shaffer. George Wesley Md. 

1887 Shallcross, Isaac G Pa. 

1900 Shannon, Elmer Ellswortli (M. D.) Pa. 

1879 Shannon, Samuel F Pa. 

1883 Sharctts, L'i)ton A Md. 

1875 Sharkel, William Penn (.\1. D.) Pa. 

1864 Sharj), Antlionv \\ Pa. (d. iScm> 

1876 Sharp. Edg.'ir iJarzillai N. Y. 

1888 Shar]), Lewis Lippincott ; N. J. 

1875 Sharp. Jacob Gordon ...N. J. 

igoi Sharp, John K Pa. 

1880 Sharpless, Edward S Pa. 



132 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

1857 Shaw, Alexander R Pa. 

1900 Shaw, Allan Wallace Mass. 

1882 Shaw, John Cook : Ma.ss. 

1869 Shaw, Samuel M. (Yi. D.) ill. 

1S58 Shearer, Thomas Pa. 

1852 Shearer, John M '. Pa. 

1850 Sheek, Jacob Fred Pa. ( d. 1858) 

1875 Sheetz, Henry Augustus. Jr Pa. ( d. 1884) 

1895 Sheldon. Edward Schock N. J. 

1879 Shemp. Parker D Pa. 

1901 Shepard, Charles Carter 111. 

1889 Shepard, George Andrew ( ]\[. D. ) Conn. 

1866 Sheppard, Alfred CM. D.) O. (d. 1891) 

1S78 Sheppard. Henry C Pa. 

1866 Sheppard, James S. ( M. D. ) Cal. 

1861 Sheppard, William R X. J. (d.) 

1890 Sherman. Jacob H Md. 

1890 Sherwood, Bradford Wyckoflt (A. .M. ) N. Y. 

1891 Sherwood, William E Del. 

1895 Shelter, John Rumbaugh Pa. 

1892 Shields, Edward W : Pa. 

1886 Shineman, Henry L. ( M. D.) Pa. 

1880 Shinkie. Horace J Pa. 

1891 Shinn. Charles Tiel Pa. 

1899 Shinn. Jacob Compton N.J. 

1882 Shipley. Daniel F Md. 

1891 Shirk, Samuel M Pa. 

1888 Shivers. Bowman H. ( M. D.) N. J. 

1881 Shoemaker, Daniel Webster Pa. 

1888 Shoemaker. James Singleton Pa. 

1876 Shoemaker, William L Pa. 

1899 Shorkley, George (Ph. B.) Pa. 

1904 Shorkley, Thornton Moore (Ph. B. ) Pa. 

1895 Short, Zubcr Nathaniel Arkansas 

1878 Shower, Edmund G Md. 

1882 Shower, George T Md. 

1850 Shultz, Jonas Y Pa. 

1903 Shuinan, Franklin E Pa. 

1857 Shurick. Christopher G Pa. (d.) 

1891 Shute. Albert Clement N. J. 

l89<j Shute, Furman Robbins N. J. 

1888 Sierer, Adam L ....Pa. 

1903 Silvers, Homer 1 saac N. J. 

1880 Simon, Samuel H Pa. 

1853 Simons. Washington Jackson N. J. (d.) 

1872 Simmer, Edwin Germany 

1902 Simmer. George C. E. (A. B.") Pa. 

1896 Simmons, Clarence Wright Pa. 

1903 Simpson. Karl Stanley Pa. 

i8S4 Sis.son. Edward R. ( M. D. ) Mass. 

1863 Sisson, William H. H Mass. (d. 1873) 

1867 Skeel.s. Alfred P 111. (d. 1872) 

1903 Skiff. Stuart Ernest N. Y. 

i88i Skillman, George M N. J. 

1898 Skinner. Merton Ross (Ph. B.) N. Y. 

1868 Skinner. Scott W N. Y. 

IQ02 Skirving, Thomas W. (B. S.) Pa. 

1899 Slaughter. Frank Voshell Del. 

1870 Slay. John Clark Del. 

190^ Sleath. Samuel Pa. 

1882 Sleght, Bevicr H. B N. Y. 

1899 Sloan. ]\Ialachi Wilson Pa. 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 133 

1867 Slocomb, C. C ' Mass. 

1879 Slocum, Marshall C O. (d. 1885) 

1855 Slocum, ^lortimer X. Y. ( d. 1890) 

1862 Slough, Franklin J Pa. 

1865 Slough, Granville B. (,M. D., U. S. X.) Pa. 

1869 Slough, William Chester J Pa. 

1866 Small, Edward Payson Me. 

1896 Smalley, Charles Fisher X. J. 

1885 Smedley, Charles D Pa. 

1880 Smedley, Isaac G • Pa. 

i860 Smedley, Robert C Pa. ( d. 1883.) 

1875 Smiley, Louis Francis Pa. 

1894 Smilie, Xathan Vt. 

1900 Smith, Alfred G Pa. 

1873 Smith, Charles Ed Pa. 

1876 Smith, Charles H. (A. B.) Pa. 

1900 Smith. Clarence Ravil Pa. 

1869 Smith, Darwin Crawford Pa. 

1900 Smith, Ernest Bastine Pa. 

1873 Smith, Eugene R. (M. D.) Tenn. 

1S82 Smith, Francis Schuyler Pa. 

1893 Smith. Frederick R X. V. 

1903 Smith, Frederic Warren Pa. 

1863 Smith, George B Conn. 

1876 Smith, George Washington Pa. 

1866 Smith, J. Heber Mass. 

1880 Smith, John M Del. 

1857 Smith. John T. S. (Sp.) X. V. (d. 1876) 

i860 Smith, John W., Jr X. Y. (d. 1864) 

1876 Smith, Linnaeus Alexander Pa. 

1869 Smith, Ralph C Pa. (d. 1895) 

1888 Smith, S. Bryan, Jr X.J. 

1866 Smith, Thomas Hart Pa. 

1872 Smith, Truman Kellogg X. Y. 

1899 Smith, Warren Hastings X. J. 

1855 Smith, William Eng. (d.) 

1S64 Smith. William Henrv Pa. ( d. 1880) 

1880 Smith, William Parker Pa. 

1884 Snader, Edward R Pa. 

1902 Snodgrass, John Elniei Pa. 

1878 Snyder, D. Lafayette .Pa. 

1872 Snyder, Edward Euiieiu- (.M. 1). ) X. Y. 

1896 Snyder, El wood Shellcnbcrger F'a. 

1893 Snyder, Harry S. (A. .\I. ) Pn. 

1875 Snyder, Leon Alfred .Pa. 

1904 Snyder, Thoraas Butler Pa. 

1903 Snvder, Walter Jacob Pa. 

1881 Solnervillc, William H .Pa. 

1892 Souder, Charles F X. J. 

1875 Souder, Phillip George Pa. 

|8</) Souder, Ralph L N. J. 

i8«'x; South, I'lphraim W Dd. (d. iSSS> 

iS<)7 Southuick, A. B. (A. -M.) NV Y 

1857 Southwick, David V. N. V. 

|8<X) .S(HHul)c)rn, William I'a 

|8<>) S.M.y. Walter C Pa. 

18.S5 Si)alir. Charles E :..P». 

1S5? Si)arliawk, Geurge K. \\ Vt, 

l8<V3 Si)arhawk. Samuel (A. 1'..) . . , Vt. 

I<)04 Sparks, Lester lieviyu .N. J. 

1887 Speakman, William W . . Pa 

1895 Si)eucer, Byron DeLess ... Me. 



134 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

1887 Spencer, William Pa. 

1900 Spooner, Aiban, Jr N. J. 

1870 Spooner, George Robert Mass. 

1904 Sprague, Emory Russell Pa. 

1868 Sprague, William M N. Y. 

1854 Springsteed, David N. Y. ( d. 1894) 

1868 Stack-house, A. M N. J. 

1889 Stafford, Charles S N. J. 

1879 Stambach, Henry Laing Pa. 

1863 Starkcy, Daniel T •. Mass. 

1869 Starkey, David W O. 

1855 Starkey, George Rodgers Mass. 

1869 Starr, Samuel Pa. 

1878 Starritt, Simon P Minn. (d. 1883) 

1858 Stearns, George W Mass. 

1896 Stearns, John Sargent (M. D.) D. C. 

1852 Steck, John H Pa. 

1884 Stcckie, Ellwood K Pa. 

1871 Steddom, Charles O. 

1897 Steel, Walter Hassinger Del. 

1858 Steele. John A. (M. D.) Vt. 

1903 Steele, William, Jr Pa. 

1886 Steele, William G Pa. 

1886 Stegman, Joseph A Pa. 

1902 Stegmenn, Charles W. A Pa. 

1857 Stehman, Jacob G Pa. (d.) 

1858 Stein, Louis M. (Hon.) Va. 

1895 Steinmetz, Deacon Pa. 

1881 Stenger, Charles F Pa. 

1873 Stephens, Edmund B Pa. 

1867 Stephens, Lemuel (Hon.) Pa. (d. 1892) 

1889 Sterner. Lewis H Pa. 

1891 Steudel, Robert (B. D.) Tenn. 

1892 Stevens, Albert Gallatin N. J. 

1851 Stevenson, Thomas Collins Pa. (d. 1879) 

1893 Stewart, Allan W Pa. (d. 1895) 

1874 Stewart, Ben. Byram (M. D.) Ind. 

1882 Stewart, George Taylor (A. M.) N. Y. 

1883 Stewart, George W Pa. 

1869 Stewart, Henry Kno.v Pa. 

1903 Stewa rt, John Charles Pa. 

1902 Stickney. Otis D N. J. 

1858 Stiles, John A Conn. 

1875 Stiles, William, Tr Pa. 

1877 Still, Horace Pa. 

1891 Stirk, James C Pa. 

1871 Stilson, Edward Henry 111. 

1880 Stilson, Willard C Me. 

1896 Stitzel. Jonas Wakefield (M. E.) Pa. 

1900 Stockton, David Reeves Pa. 

1880 Stoddart. Alfred P Pa. 

1884 Stokes, Hiram M Md. 

1904 Stoltzenbach, Frank D (A. B.) Pa. 

1852 Stone, Joshua N. Y. (d. 1859) 

1871 Stouffer, David Ryder Pa. (d. 1874) 

1893 Stout, Henry V. S Del. 

1902 Strader, George Asher Pa. 

1878 Straube, Rudolph Pa. 

1896 Straughn. Clinton Clement Pa. 

1877 Straup, David W Pa. 

1881 Strayer, Robert F Pa. 

1872 Streeter, George Dallas Neb. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 135 

]88i Streets, David R. ( .M. D.) X. J. 

1866 Streets, Jacob G Del. 

1853 Stretch, Joshua B Pa. ( d. 1865 ) 

1881 Strickler, David A Pa. 

1894 Strock, Henry Borrell Pa. 

1879 Strong, J. Wihner Pa. 

1890 Strong, Walter Pa. 

1886 Stroiise, Henry St. George Pa. 

1861 Struck, D. Felix (Sp.) Ha\-ana 

1890 Stubbs, George P Pa. 

1856 Sturgus, John J Kv. (d. i860) 

1883 Sturgus, John J D. C. 

1878 Sucss, Henry C. CM. D.) Mo. 

1889 Suffa, George A. (M. D.) R. I. 

1889 Summers, Robert S Pa. 

1856 Sumner, Charles • X. Y. (d. 1888) 

1863 Sumner, Thomas F Mass. ( d. 1888) 

1897 Sunanday, Francis Wesley Pa. 

1903 Super. Albert Haeseler Pa. 

1897 Suplee, William Zerns (A. B.) Pa. 

1871 Sutphen, John Thomas O. 

1903 Sutton, Isaac Walter Pa. 

1902 Sutton, John Chalmers Pa. 

1856 Sutton, J. L. (M. D.) Pa. ( d. 1863) 

1876 Swan, Frank Salisbury N. Y. 

1867 Swan, Samuel X. Y. (d. 1893) 

1879 Swartz, J. Ross Pa. 

1878 Swinney, Curtis O N. J. 

1872 Swinney, John Gillette 5r. J. ( d. 1894") 

1877 Swormstedt, Lyman B Md. 

1881 Swift, Edward Pease N. Y. 

1855 Sykes, John Wesley X. Y. 

1859 Taber, John Duncan Mass. 

1880 Tabor, John M Vt. 

1857 Taft, George H R. I. 

1875 Tait, Alexander Eng. 

1882 Taljivcra, Ismael (M. D.) Mexico 

1853 Talbot, I. Tisdale Mass. 

1891 Talmagc, Eugene O. 

1879 Tantum, James D. (M. D.) N. J. 

1865 Tantum, Joseph R N. J. 

f870 Tatem, Jeplha William X. J. ( d. 1870) 

1858 Taxil, L. V. M. (Sp.) La. ( d. 1864) 

1883 Taylor, Amos Ogdcn Pa. 

1904 Taylor, Gardiner Pratt Pa. 

1899 Taylor, Howard Warden Pa. 

1862 Taylor, Richard G Pa. ( d i87->^ 

1870 Taylor, William Gardiner Pa. 

1895 Taylor, Wm. Henry Pa. 

1887 Taylor, William S N. J. 

1859 Teagne, James P Can.. W. 

1873 Tebo, Levi D Pa. 

1892 Tegtmcier, Cliarks Edwm Pa 

irSH.s 'I'l'KtnifKT, Clirisiian l-" Pa. 

1901 Terry. 1 lowanl. Jr Pa. 

1871 Terry, Jose Antonio Cuba 

1892 Thaclicr. Gtnrgc Hoover *. Pa. 

1871 Tliatclui, [esse Williams Pa. 

iSqc; 'I'liavtr, II.' Rcidcl Pa. 

iKKr) riiomas, Amos Russell (M. D.. Hon.) Pa. (d. i8»)5) 

1K81 I liunias. All)crt D Pa, 



130 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

1873 Thomas, Charles H Md. 

1S71 Thomas, Chnrks Monroe (A. B.) Pa. 

1901 Thomas, Claude L : Pa. 

1903 Thomas, Claude Wellington N. J. 

1892 Thomas, Edward C » Pa. 

1882 Thomas, Edwin R. (M. D.) Pa. (d. 1882) 

1871 Thomas. Frank William Pa. (d.) 

1855 Thomas, Henry Eiig. { d. 1894) 

1879 Thomas. John Sperry Pa. ( d. 1893 ) 

1S67 Thompson. Augustine Me. 

1899 Thompson, Charles C N. J. 

1867 Thompson. Charles H N. Y. 

1S80 Thompson. Charles S. W '. O. 

1870 Thompson, Eugene C O. 

1877 Thompson, George F N. J. 

1872 Thompson. James Gilmore Pa. 

1893 Thompson, James J N. J. 

1875 Thomson. James William Pa. 

1904 Thompson, Joseph Ignatius A Pa. 

1879 Thompson. Jos. Marshall (M. D.) R. I. 

1887 Thompson, Landreth W Pa. 

1857 Thompson. William L Mass. (d. 1894) 

1877 Thompson, William M Pa. 

1901 Thomson. Thomas Leonard (A. B.) N. Y. 

1856 Thorne. Joshua Md. (d. 1893) 

1898 Thorne. Nathan N. J. 

1899 Thorpe. Jarvis Loomis Pa. 

1896 Thurston. Leon M ; Va. 

1888 lindall. Charles L Pa. 

1890 Tindall, Harry Brooks ( A. B.) Pa. (d. 1892 ) 

1899 Tindall. Percy A Pa. 

1S64 Tindall, Van Room R Pa. 

1883 Titman, George Willis N.J. 

1853 Titsworth. Randolph N. Y. (d. 1890) 

1889 Tomlin, Richard Elmer Pa. 

1875 Tomlinson, William Hains Pa. 

1903 Tomhnson. William Ide N. J. 

1886 Tonkin. William Pa. 

1851 Toothaker, Charles Everett Vt. (d. 1890 ") 

1858 Torre y Alphonso, John de la ( Sp. ) Cuba 

1859 Torres, Peter Joseph de ( Sp. ) Cuba 

1888 Tortat, A. Emile Pa. 

1856 Towner. Enoch, Jr Pa. (d.) 

1874 Townsend, John Shortwell ^fd. 

1877 Trafford, Alfred Freeman N. J. (d. 1895) 

1894 Traganza. Frederick ' '. P'l- 

1866 Trego, Edwin H. (M D.) Pa. (d.) 

1888 Tretton. John Kelliper Pa. 

1891 Trew, Bartus ( M. D. ) Md. 

1872 Trinkle, Samuel Myers Pa. 

1888 Trinkle, Wilmer W Pa. 

T894 Tripp, Joseph Charles Pa. 

1896 Trites, Charles Sutton • Pa. 

1869 Trites, William Budd (A. B.) Pa. (d. 1890) 

1861 Troyer. Jacob Mast HI- 

1898 Truitt, Ruliff Lawrence Del. 

1899 Tubb.s, William Ray N. Y. 

1865 Tucker, Samuel G R- I- 

1893 Tudor, Robert M Pa. 

1892 Tuller. John J N. J. 

187s Tuller. Malcolm Bacon N. J. 

1879 Tullis. Eli N. J- 



HISTORY OF HO:XICEOPATHY • 137 

•853 Turner, John Mich. ( d. ) 

1879 Turner, William B (M. D.) .Md. 

1879 Twinn, Clark H X. V. 

1898 Twitchell, Adelbert B.. Jr X. J. 

1892 Tyson. James M Pa. 

1902 Tyson, Robert Stafford (A. B.) Md. 

1890 Ulrich. Sylvester Pa. 

1878 Umstcad. David B Pa. 

1893 Underbill, Eugene Pa. 

1868 Underwood, Benoni W. F Pa. 

1867 Underwood, F. H. (M. D.) .Mass. ( d. 1879) 

1873 Underwood, H. A Pa. 

1868 Ure, Walter (A. M., M. D.) Pa. 

1886 Urie, James William Md. 

1867 Urie, Wm. Thomas (A. B., M. D.) Md. (d. 1897) 

1900 Usilton, Milton Earle Md. 

1890 Ustick, Clarence M. (A. B.) O. 

1883 Ustick. H. Page O. 

1875 Utley, James (M. D.) Mass. 

1903 Vail, Howard Locke Pa. 

1874 Van Artsdalen. Christopher (A. B.) Pa. 

1880 Van Baun, William W Pa. 

1902 Van Dalsem. Samuel Burns Kan. 

T873 Van Derveer, George U X. J. 

1896 Van Duerson, George L. (D. D. S.) Tex. 

i88o Van Fleet. Walter .' Pa. 

1889 Van Gunten, Frederick J., Jr. (A. B.) Pa. 

1894 Van Lennep, Gustav A Pa. 

1880 Van Lennep. William B Mass. 

1857 Vansant, Monroe L Pa. 

1893 Van Tine, John Lewis, Jr Pa. 

1858 Varona, Adolph A. de Cuba. ( d. 188.^ » 

1851 Vastine, Thomas Jefferson (^L D.) Mo. (d. 1873) 

1892 Vaughn, William Lewis Del. 

1893 Vaughan, Ernest M Pa. 

1856 Verdi, Tullio Suzzara Italy 

1904 Verdier, Charles Edwin \"a. 

1901 Verner, Alexander Lewis Pa. 

1901 Verner, William Wiswell Pa. 

1853 Vernon, Thomas R. I. 

1903 Viehe. Richard I'Vedcrick Ind. 

1867 Virgin, William f la. 

1887 Vischer. Carl V Pa. 

1866 Voak, J. Benson X. Y. 

1866 Voak, J. Emery ( .M. 13. ) Pa. ( d. > 

1868 Von Gcrhardt. Adolph ( M. D.) Pa. 

1858 Von Tagcn, Charles Henry Pa ( «i iS8o) 

1893 Waaser. J. Edward Pa. 

1882 Wade, John K i .1 i u iSS.)) 

1900 Wadsworih, .Mvin Do Witt X V. 

1876 Wadsw(jrtli, Robert W V. 

1855 Waggnnc T, ( ieorge J la. 

1892 Wagner, ( liarics Pa. 

1902 Wakefield. Sam Ikll ...Cal. 

18=^3 W.'.keman. !..lni A. (.\l. D.) ' <A iSS;) 

1887 W.-ilborn, Mathias Md. 

1884 Waldinann. I'aiil h ^ Cal. 

187^ Walker. Charles K Mas.s, 

18!;^ Walker. Charles lUiiry \ H, (tl, 1887) 



138 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

1901 Walker, LeRoy P. (A. B.) .Pa. 

1867 Walker, Mahlon M . Ta (d i.Si/)) 

1891 Walker, William E Me. 

1880 Wail, Benjamin P " Cal. 

i88q Wallace, Clarence J X.J. 

1896 Wallace, Gilbert Edward X J. 

1862 Wallace, J. W. (Sp.) C. W. (d.) 

1903 Wallace, Joseph Cook X. Y. 

1862 Wallens, Miles W Pa. (d. 1874^ 

1883 Walley, Louis Plette Pa. 

1894 Walter, Charles Henry Del. 

1887 Walter. Jacob A Pa. 

1883 Walter, John P Pa. 

1855 Walter, Joseph S Pa. 

1888 Walter, Robert Pa. 

1900 Walter, Robert Liopincott Pa. 

1866 Walter, Ziba D..' Del. 

1894 Walters, Edward Reginald Pa. 

1871 Walrad, Caleb Beakley X. Y. 

1873 Wandell, James Pa. 'd.) 

1864 Ward, Edward Rufus Pa. (d. t8S8) 

i8St Ward. John Augustine (M. D., Hon.^ N. V. (d. 1S80) 

1887 Ward, John D Pa. 

1891 Ward, John McE Pa.. 

18^7 Ward. Joseph B X^. J. 

i8ss Ward, Walter (M. D., Hon.) X. J. Cd. 1888) 

T897 Ward, William Ford N. Y. 

1893 Ward, William Rankin, Jr N. J. 

1869 Wardwell, Percival G Mass. 

1896 Ware, Francis Vernon N. J. 

1886 Ware, Horace Bacon N. T. 

1878 Wareheim. William W Md. Cd. 1802) 

1904 Warner, Garden Frederick Pa. 

i8s6 Warner, N. H. CM. D., Hon.) N. Y. 

t86o Warren, Erastus B X. Y. (d. 1897) 

i8t^ Warren, Solomon C N. Y. 

T877 Warrington, Joseph H Pa. (d. 1887) 

1896 Wasgatt, Rowland John Me. 

1877 Waters, Harry Lee Pa. 

1897 Watson. Franklin • Pa. 

1S54 Watson, William Henry , R. L 

1892 Watters, Fowler Alfred N. Y. 

1897 Watts, Harry Adelbert N. H. 

1872 Waugh, Theodore Rogers N'. Y. 

1901 Wav, Abner P. (B. S.) Pa. 

T872 Way, Jacob Heald CM. D.) Neb. Cd. 1887^ 

189T Wayl.i.nd, Charles A Cal. 

T899 Wayte, Edwin Tex. 

1900 Weatherby. J. Keasbey X. J. 

1S79 Weaver, Chandler Pa. 

1884 Weaver, Charles W Pa. 

1S96 Weaver, Daniel Witwer Pa. 

1894 Weaver, George Philip Pa. 

1892 Weaver, Harry S Pa. 

1891 Weaver, Rufus B, CM. D., Hon.) Pa. 

1872 Weaver, Sylvester Bachman T^a. 

1896 Weaver, William Arthur Pa. 

1883 Weaver. Willis P N. Y. 

1898 Webb. Charles Valores O. 

T878 Webb. Lanohear W O. 

1S75 Webner, Henry William Md. 

1879 Webster, Frank P. CM. D.) .'...Va. 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 139 

1893 Webster, George C. (Ph. G.) Pa. 

1903 Webster, Howard Hamilton O. 

1890 Webster, Samuel C. (Ph. G.) Pa. 

1S54 Weed, Theodore J Pa. 

i$6i Weeks, Robert D Pa. (d. 1888) 

1872 Wehrmann, Ernest Augustus O 

1S83 Weiler, Harry K \ J. 

1891 Wells, Charles H. (D. D. S.) Pa. 

1902 Wells, George Harlan (A. B.) Md. 

1875 Wells', Thompson M O. 

1895 Wendt, Charles I Pa. 

1866 Werder, Maximilian Pa. 

1903 Wescoat, Absalom Steelman N. J. 

1892 Wessels, Lewis C Pa 

1868 West, James A X. Y. 

1853 West, Seymour X. V. (d.) 

1897 Westney, Alfred W. CA B.) X. j. 

1904 Wetmore, Stephen Smith P Can. 

1898 Wetzel, Harry Stephenson O. 

1S80 Wheeler, William A N. Y. (d. 1891) 

1893 Whelin. John J Pa. 

1891 Whinna, Rev. Robert Pa. 

1891 Whinna, Elmer G Pa. 

1S80 White, George E Me. 

1854 White, Joseph B Pa. 

1 901 White, Robert Vandenberg Pa. 

1872 Whitehead. Wm. M. (A. M.) Pa. (d. 1874") 

1881 Whitehead, Willett W X. J. 

1900 Whitcman, Francis Asbury Pa. 

1896 Whiteman, Tames Leonard '. Del. 

1881 Whiton, Alpha M X. Y. 

1893 Widman. Frank H Pa. 

1S89 Widmayer, William C , Pa. 

1876 Wiest. Harrv George Pa. 

1866 Wiggin. Nithan (M. D.) ^^e. 

1891 Wilbur, Bertrand R Pa. 

1880 Wilberton. Lawrence G N. Y. 

1885 Wilcox, Asa S Minn. 

1894 Wilcox, Franklin Samuel Pa. 

1886 Wilcox, Frederick P Pa. 

1881 Wilcox, Henry T Pa. (d. 1888) 

1857 Wilcox, William B Pa. 

1851 Wilder, Daniel Mass. 

i8ss Wilder, Louis de Valois N. Y. 

1882 Wiley, Edward B X. 1. 

1893 Wil ford, Harry H Pa. 

1853 Wilkinson, James John Garth (Sp.") F.ng. 

1853 Wilkinson. Ross M Pa. (^d "> 

i860 Willard, F.phriim S Mass. (d 18^3) 

1866 Willard, Lewis H Pa. 

1858 Williams. Alban Pa. (d. iSS;'* 

1902 Williams, Arthur Bent Minn. 

1895 Williams, Carl Alonzo (D. D. S.) Conn. 

1878 Williams, Edwin C Pa. (d 188O 

1879 Williams, iM-anklin E. (M. D.) X .1. 

iSi^i Williams, George Cushmnn Pa. (d. 1870") 

1872 Williams. George Washington Kan, (d i888"> 

1866 Williams. Harry Eldridi-e Pa. 

1896 Williams, Herbert Forest Pa. 

i8<)9 Williams. Horace Oscar (.\. B /) I'a 

iXgt Williams, John C Vt id'* 

\H-,C Williams, John Henry Pa 



140 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 



1850 

1853 
1903 

1877 
1871 
1902 
1876 
1872 
1857 
1865 
:854 
186=^ 
1S66 
1890 
1865 
1891 
1903 
1868 
1897 
1893 
1881 
1891 
1869 
1862 

1877 
1868 
1891 

1899 
1878 

'1877 
1903 

185s 
1900 
1890 
1890 
185s 
1896 
1867 

1854 
1852 
i860 
1868 
1872 
x866 
1904 
1893 
1896 
1899 
1882 
1884 
187 1 
1899 
1891 
1893 
1868 

1875 
1882 
i860 
t886 
1874 
1850 
1902 



W 
W 

w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 
w 



Hiams, Theodore S Pa. (d. 1S89) 

lliams, Thomas C Pa. 

lliams, Walter Lear Pa. 

lliams, William C K. J. 

Hiams, William Kenned}^ Pa. 

lliams, William Rendeli Pa. 

lliamson, Alonzo Potter Pa. 

lliamson, Matthew Strong Pa. 

lliamson. Walter Martin Pa. ( d. 1874) 

Uets. William Pa. 

Imot, Ephraim F. (j\l. D.) N. Y. 

Ison, A. J Del. 

Ison, Charles S Del. 

Ison, Daniel A : Pa. 



Ison, David (M. R. C. S., Sp.) Eng. (d. 1889) 

Ison, Frank ,. O. 

Ison, George Hiram (M. D.) O. 

Ison, George W. S. (M. D.) Pa. 

Ison, Harry Deacon Pa. 

Ison, J. Conner Pa. ( d. 1898) 

Ison, J. Theodore N. J. (d. 1882) 

Ison, Lewis D. (B. S., ]\L D.) D. C. 

Ison, M. T 111. 

Ison, Pusey Del. 

Ison, Thomas J N. ^'. 

Itbank, Comlv J Pa. ( d. ) 

Itbank, Rutledge T Pa. 

nans, William Wallace N. Y. 

nne, Frank A N. Y. 

nslow, William H. (M. D.) Pa. 

nsmore, Ed ward Clift Pa. 

smer, Gabriel F N. Y. 

tmeyer, Harry Calvin Pa. 

tzel, Joseph R Pa. 

X, George B . . . Pa. 

Wolfe. George Pa. (d-"* 

Woll, Albert Frederick Pa. 

Wood, Henry C Pa. 

Wood, James Bayard Pa. ( d. 1889) 

Wood, John Gage N. H. (d. 1859) 

Wood, Orlando S Conn. 

Wood, O. S. (M. D.) Pa. 

Wood, Theodore Frelinghuvsen Pa. 

Woodbury, B. C ^le. 

Woodhouse, Alfred N. J. 

Woodman, Lsaac N Pa. 

Woodman, Robert Carlile ^ Pa. 

Woodruff, Robert Hamilton N.J. 

Woodruff', William Lawrence N- J- 

Woodward, George D N- J- 

Woodward, Lewis Del. ( d, 188.O 

Woodward, Lewis Klair ^Id. 

Woodward, Wells O. 

Woods, Frank Aylmer Mass. 

Woods, Jarvis U -^le. 

Woods, Stephen P^- 

Wootten, William N. J. 

Wortliington, Anthony H P-i- 

Worthington, Hcnrv R N. J. 

Wright, Albert Pa. ( d. 1874) 

Wright, Augustus S O. 

Wright, Charles Aaron Wis. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 141 

1883 Wright, Charles Edwin Pa 

1868 Wright, George (M. D.) ..'..'.'...' X J 

1884 Wright, Joseph E ^ 'Pa' 

1867 Wright, S. B. (M. D.) '.V.V.V. Mich.' " [d. '1886) 

1890 \V right, Wiiliain E X. J. 

1877 Wrigley, Jonathan Kay ' p^' 

1881 Wrisley, John A ..........!.. X H 

1880 Wurtz, Charles B Pa 

1876 Wurtz, John B .Fci. 

1899 Yale, Arthur Wells Pa. 

1900 Yeager, William Henry Pa. 

1878 Yeagley, John M .Fa. 

1884 Yeagley, James M Pa. 

1881 Yearsley, William ' ' Pa. 

1894 Yerkes, Frank Edgar Pa. 

1885 Yocum, Charles Alvin Pa. 

1881 Young, Charles B Pa. 

1868 Young, James A Ky. 

1893 Young, Tohn William (A. M.) O 

1888 Young, William S. S , '.'.'. Pa". 

1866 Younghusband, Lancelot (A. M., M. D.) Mich. (d. 1898) 

1904 Youngman, Thomas X. J. 

1892 Yourex, Edmund L Canada 

1861 Zantzinger, Alfred Pa. (d. 1873) 

1867 Zeitler, Augustus E Pa. 

1872 Zerns, William Maurice N J (d 18S7) 

1878 Zoller, William. ,X. Y. 

1879 Ziegenfuss, Abram .Frank Pa. 

1877 Zimmerman, Solomon ( D. D. S. ) Canada 

1856 Zurzunegui, Sanchez (M. D.) Cuba, (d.) 



142 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



CHAPTER HI 

IIIF. Sdl THERX HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL OF 

BALTIMORE. 

By George T. Shower, ]\I. D., Dean. 

The comparatively slow growth of honiceopath}- in the south may be 
attributed to several causes : the sparsely settled state of that section of the 
union, the few great centers of population, an adherence to tradition which 
rendered the inhabitants reluctant to countenance any change in existing con- 
ditions, and probably not the least weighty reason is found in the scant infu- 
sion of the German element in the population. 

It is likely due to the last named consideration that it became so rapidly 
popularized in Pennslyvania, as we are told of an organization of homoeopathic 
physicians and laymen effected in Philadelphia in 1833, within five years after 
Detwiller made his first essay in the new system in the midst of a population 
prevailingly German. The fact that a similar association was not formed in 
New York until 1834, nine years after Gram introduced this method of med- 
ical practice in that city, would seem to give countenance to this inference. 
A later instance of such linguistic influence contributing largely to the more 
vigorous expansion of our system is suggested by the prompt establishment 
and rapid development of the institutions at Cleveland. 

However this may be, it was through a Maryland pastor of German ex- 
traction, laboring among a people to whom that language was familiar, that 
homoeopathy was introduced into this state. Rev. Jacob Geiger, who served 
eight congregations, chiefly in Carroll county, was led through the early death 
of his wife to ponder over the state of medical practice then prevailing. His 
occasional visits to his birthplace, Allentown, brought him in contact with 
the teachers in the recently established North American Academy of the Ho- 
moeopathic Healing Art, and his interest was deeply enlisted. 

Beginning in 1836, he continued the practice of this method in conjunc- 
tion with the discharge of his clerical duties until his death, twelve years 
later. Nine of his descendants have graduated from homoeopathic colleges 
since 1851, and contributed to the extension of the faith in this state and in the 
remote south. 

Elsewhere in the southern states we hear of a solitary Frenchman, Dr. 
Martin, who made his wa}' to New Orleans in 1836. beyond which instance, 
for a long series of years this vast region lay unexploited by the votaries of 
homoeopathy. But here, as elsewhere, once finding an opportunity to demon- 
strate its merits, they have not failed to command the confidence of people of 
-every tongue. 

Dr. Schwarz was the pioneer of homoeopathy in Baltimore in 1837. His 
sojourn terminated in a year or two, leaving to Dr. Felix R. McManus the 
distinction of being the first graduate physician adopting the new tenets, who 
continued permanently in practice in this city until his death, which occurred 
in 1884. He has borne testimony to the assiduity in the study of the German 
language which in those early days characterized the few physicians and lay- 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



143 



men whose interest had been aroused by the reports coming to them from 
distant cities of striking cures accomplished through the recently introduced 
method of medical practice. 

In the following year, 1839, Dr. Adolph F. Haynel, a pupil of Hahne- 
mann, located here. He remained twenty-nine years, impressing his patrons 
with the efficacy of the system, and imparting valuable counsel to his col- 
leagues, until advancing years impaired his activities, when he removed to 
Paris. Mr. John T. Graham, now president of the ^laryland Homoeopathic 



P'^ 



ir 





SuiuIktii 1 IniiKiiipathic .Midical C\>Ilc^c. 



Hospital, who was medical purveyor during the civil war, testirtcs to the 
popularity of this ph\sician s prescriptions among the soldiers garrisoning 
the city. 

From 1839 the record of the location of homoeopathic physicians runs 
as follows: l)rs. Schmidt and Kalxirg, 1845; Dr. Morris Wiener, 1847. still 
living in extreme oUl age; Drs. I'Mward Miller and /umhrock. 1841); Hrs. 
John 1). Middliton and Mihoii llamniond. 1851; Dr. Robert .\mtlior, 185J; 
Dr. Charles lUukner. 1854; Dr. j. Lloyd Martin. 1851); Dr. .Amelia .X. na>t- 
ings, 1862. establishing the first homa*opathic i)baniiac\ . wliicb she disposed 



U4 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

of to Dr. Elias C. Price in 1865. and removed to Providence, R. I.; Drs. 
Thomas L. Shearer, Frederick ]^JcManus, and Edward R. Ward, 1864; Dr. 
Elias C. Price, 1865; Dr. Alban A. Wilson, 1866; Dr. Alfred Hughes, 1867; 
Dr. W. H. Almeida. 1869. 

During the succeeding twenty years the ratio of increase was much greater, 
the accessions consisting chiefly of graduates from homceopathic colleges, and 
a strong disposition to accomplish organized work was manifested, its sixty 
representatives constituting an influential body in the medical profession. 

The Homoeopathic Society of Baltimore City was organized September 
2, 1874, this movement being speedily follow^ed by the establishment of the 
homoeopathic free dispensary, conducted under the direction of this association 
of phvsicians. It was located successively in three sections of the city, finding 
a more permanent site on Greene street, and was patronized by some of the 
most influential citizens, aided by an annual appropriation from the municipal 
government, and continued its beneficent w'ork until it was recognized that 
the necessities of the public demanded such service as could be most fitly ren- 
dered through the establishment of a hospital. 

The ]\laryland Homoeopathic State Society w^as organized December 16, 
1875. Embracing a larger membership, representing a wuder territory, its 
influence has been especially effective in securing provisions conserving the 
interests of the homoeopathic profession in the series of medical laws enacted 
in this state during the past thirty years. From 1881 to 1886 there was a 
temporary lull in its activities, during which period several subordinate asso- 
ciations arose, composed of a more limited membership, and they are men- 
tioned here because they served to foster co-operative effort, keeping in view 
the demands which public interests were making upon the homoeopathic pro- 
fession, and ultimately stimulating the more important state organization to 
renewed exertion. 

In 1881 the INIedical Investigation Club entered upon a study of the med- 
ical branches, its members concentrating their researches upon the subject of 
materia medica from 1887 to 1895, when their labors culminated in the pub- 
lication of " A Pathogenetic iMateria Medica." A^arious suggestions from this 
body led to developments in the organization of the college and hospital, 
which were consummated before it closed its labors. Through its efforts, 
also, the " Maryland Homoeopathic Hospital Fund Association " originated, 
enlisting the aid of a wider circle of physicians and a large body of the laity 
in the effort to accumulate means for this enterprise. 

In 1882 the Maryland Institute of Homoeopathy was organized by a por- 
tion of the physicians of the state, enjoying a brief existence, however, its 
operations being suspended in 1886, when the state society began to give evi- 
dence of a renewal of vitality. This was clearly manifest two years later, 
when, through the co-operation of nearly all the active physicians of the 
state, it was established upon a more enduring basis, and from that time on 
it has uninterruptcdlv continued its semi-annual sessions, serving as a strong 
support to the various enterprises through which the extension of our system 
is being promoted. 

The movement toward the establishment of a college began in 1884, but 
it was not until 1890, when the stimulating influences resulting from these 
auspicious conditions had strongly impressed the profession, that effectual 
measures were taken to consummate the project. 

Until the year 1890, fifty-three years after the introduction of homoe- 



HISTORY OF H0:MCE0PATHY 



U5 



opathy in Baltimore, with the gradual increase of practitioners to sixty, these 
enjoying a degree of patronage which indicated a far greater appreciation of 
its benefits than the number of physicians would indicate, the only organized 
enterprise affording homoeopathic treatment to the needy sick of the cit\' had 
been the dispensary, manned at no time by more than six physicians. 

At the same time the number of specialists was exceedingly limited. The 
scarcity of surgeons, oculists and others equipped for such work frequently 
overtaxed the resources of the general practitioner and caused the profession 




Maivl.iiul 1 l..i.,,i ■j..,iiuc Htispit.il. 

to feel keenly the force of the rcpri^ich coming from the nld school relative to 
this deficiency. 

Ur. Nicholas W. Knca>s. who came to I'.altimore fnnn rhihulelphia in 
1871, was the first homccopathic physician in the state who performed a capital 
operation — amputation of tht; thij^li. 

If the college had done nothing more during its exi.stence of fourteen 
years than expenditig its energies in iloul)ling tiie number of practitioners in 
the state, encouraging the inllux of some from other stnte.s. training a much 
larger number here. atTonling facilities throuj,;h which many actpiireil the 



U6 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

skill which has removed the lack so long deplored, who in the wide range of 
special work have enabled the profession to meet the various demands which 
a populous centre imposes upon the medical art, the efforts it has put forth 
have not been fruitless. This belief prevails among those at least who have 
labored all these years, amid the numerous harassments which beset a youth- 
ful enterprise, over whom the clouds have lowered as often as the sunshine 
has cheered, who have accepted adversity in the spirit which has become tra- 
ditional among the adherents of our school who have so often trod a thorny 
pathway ; feeling that the impulse which our growth has received through 
the establishment of the college, and the allied interests which have been fos- 
tered through its influence, would confirm the judgment w^iich prompted 
such an undertaking. 

But other and, it may be said, more weighty considerations suggested its 
inauguration. It was felt that a city of a half million inhabitants, after such 
object lessons in the healing art as it had received during a half century, 
should take a more active part in disseminating the knowledge and advan- 
tages of these methods. By no means disparaging the eft'ective work accom- 
plished by the older institutions in near-by cities, in which the great majority 
of our physicians had been trained, it was believed that the close commercial 
and social relations which have always existed between this city and the 
south would serve to attract the youth from communities which were ready 
to welcome the new system, but otherwise were obliged to wait until chance 
migrations afforded them the medical treatment they desired. The reputation 
of the city as a great educational centre, both literary and. medical, was rapidly 
extending through the influence of its richly endowed institutions, famed for 
their achievements in scientific research. Their enlarged views of the rela- 
tion which educational enterprises bear to the community had borne generous 
fruitage in the promotion of public interests, and the representatives of homoe- 
opathy, stimulated by such influences, were prompted to keep pace with the 
advancement so manifest on all sides, by striving to foster to the extent of 
their powers all those interests which are recognized as promoting the general 
welfare. 

The state society was flourishing; a medical journal, intended to succeed 
a less pretentious periodical which had enjoyed merely local patronage, was 
on the eve of establishment; the influential standing secured by our branch 
of the profession gave promise of the provision of a distinct medical exam- 
ining board — an expectation realized shortly after the inception of the work 
of the college ; above all, the necessity of enlarging the scope of the dispen- 
sary was generally recognized.- 

While graduates were issuing from the medical colleges here in annually 
increasing numbers, many destined to achieve eminence through their skill 
in diagnosis, accurate research and thorough knowledge of pathology, it 
was felt that the usefulness of many would be impaired through the skep- 
ticism which prevailed in the efficacy of therapeutics. So cogent a fact was 
not w'ithout its influence among the members of our profession, who, recog- 
nizing the importance of a branch which imparts vitality to our system, felt 
that since its pre-eminence in its allotted sphere had been determined in the 
homes of their patrons, it should also be demonstrated in the wards of a 
hospital and proclaimed from the platform of a college. 

In addition, it was believed that liberal-minded citizens, animated by a 
zeal which owed its origin to personal experience of the advantages of our 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



147 



treatment, would be still further encouraged in their efforts toward its exten- 
sion if the agencies for its accomplishment were established in their midst. 

Furthermore, worthy young men and women of limited means would be 
afforded an opportunity to enter a profession which they would adorn, bv 
pursuing their studies at home, under circumstances more favorable, and at 
a reduction of expense. It was felt that the tendency to lengthen the period 
of medical trainmg, in wise conformity with the wider diffusion of education, 
would tend to divert to other channels the energies of many who could find 
in the medical profession alone their true vocation. 

On the 15th of ^lay, 1890, articles of incorporation were granted to 



^^Ji. 




Levi Z. Condon. 
Prcs. So. Ilomo'. Mod. Col. since its foundation.— Pros. Md. llonuv. 



lloN]), lStK>-UXM 



twenty-six citizens of Baltimore, fourkon of whom wore phvsicians. autlu^riz- 
ing the cstabli.shmont of the Southern Ilonuvopathic Medical College and 
Hospital of P.alliniore City. Twenly-tive of the inunlier wore to servo as 
directors during the first \ear. 

The ])n)visi()ns were sulilicieiitly coniprehensive to nuet all the retiuiro- 
nients lor llu- maintenance of a moiical, dental, pharmaceutical ami veterinarv 
school for the training of male and female students. The issue of stock was 
also authorized. 

On the same (l;iv the Marsland Honufopathic JMee Dispensarv .ind lio>- 
l^ital of r.;iltimorr City was incorporated. Xo provision was made for capital 



148 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

stock, as it was expected that sufficient funds would be contributed to insure 
support. 

The hospital was opened for patients October 9, 1890, at 323 North Paca 
street, the staff being composed almost entirely of the physicians who in the 
following year took an active part in conducting the educational work of the 
college. This involved the abandonment of the old dispensary after an exist- 
ence of fifteen years, provision for similar service being made in the hospital, 
supplemented in the succeeding year by the dispensary connected with the 
college. 

The first meeting of the incorporators of the college was held June 2, 
1890, at the residence of Dr. Elias C. Price, when the following directors 
were elected : Messrs. Levi Z. Condon. Aubrey Pearre, John T. Graham, 
Martin Lane, George M. Lamb, Hy. F. Garey, Esq., Joshua Register, W. S. 
Carroll, Woodward Abrahams, Peter Thompson, Sebastian Brown, R. Brent 
Keyser. and Drs. Elias C. Price, Henry Chandlee, E. H. Condon, Nicholas 
W. Kneass, John Hood, Charles H. Thomas, Eldridge C. Price, O. E. Tannev. 
R. W. Mifflin, H. F. Garey, H. W. Webner, R. K. Kneass and F. C.'Drane. 
These organized by electing Levi Z. Condon, president ; Aubrey Pearce, vice- 
president ; Martin Lane, secretary ; and Mr. John T. Graham, treasurer. 

At a meeting of the directors, held at the hospital, October 21. 1890, a 
portion of the facultv was elected, to serve until May, 1892 : 

Dr. Ehas C. Price (Univ. of Md., 1848), professor of institutes of homce- 
opathic medicine. 

Dr. Nicholas W. Kneass (Hahnemann, 1868), gynecology. 

Dr. Charles H. Thomas (Hahnemann, 1873), clinical medicine and phys- 
ical diagnosis. 

Dr. John Hood (Univ. of Mich.,, 1868), hygiene. 

Dr. Eldridge C. Price (Univ. of Md.. T874-Hahnemann, 1875), materia 
medica and therapeutics. 

Dr. Robert W. Mifflin (Hahnemann. 1876), pathology and practice of 
medicine. 

Dr. Edward H. Holbrook (Univ. of JNfd.. 1868), general and medical 
chemistry, and toxicology. 

Dr. O. Edward Janney (Univ. of Md., i88i-Hahncmann, 1882), paedol- 
ogy and orthopaedic surgery. 

Dr. Henry Chandlee (Univ. of Md., 1882-Hahnemann. 1883), physiology 
and neurology. 

Dr. Henry F. Garev (Physicians and Surgeons, 1876), ophthalmology 
and otology. 

Dr. Edward H. Condon (Hahnemann, 1886), anatomy. 

Dr. Frank C. Drane (Hahnemann, 1888), obstetrics. 

The facultv organized by electing Dr. F. C. Drane, dean, and Dr. Hy. 
Chandlee, registrar. 

All were physicians in active practice, members of the state society. Four 
had participated in the organization of the city society in 1874, and all had 
demonstrated their zeal whenever arduous work was to be accomplished. 

The first three on the list have since died : Dr. N. W. Kneass, who had 
been offered the chair of surgery by his alma mater. November 26, 1896, at 
the age of 56; Dr. C. H. Thomas, whose removal, Mav 13, 1900, in the 53d 
vear of his age, terminated a life crowded with service in the cause : and Dr. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



149 



Elias C. Price, June i6, 1902, at the age of yd, who, after testing the old 
system five years, devoted a half century to the new. 

Of those who survive, four are members of the present faculty. Dr. 
Eldridge C. Price, after an intermission of five years, rejoined the teaching 
corps in 1904. Drs. O. Edward Janney and Henry Qiandlee have served 
continuously, having held positions which involved weighty responsibilities 
in addition to the duties of their chairs. Dr. Condon w^as compelled through 
sickness to intermit his duties during the session of 1901-2. 

At a meeting of the directors, December 6, 1890, the constitution and 
by-laws were adopted and the faculty authorized to open the college when 
prepared to deliver the necessary course of lectures. 




Elias C. Price, M.D. 

Dr. James .S. Barnard (Trahnematm. 1882), who had rocentlv removed 
to the city from the state of New York, was oloctcil to the chair of operative, 
clinical and orifk-jal surgery. 

On March <), 1891, at a iiRrting ol" the same body, it was announced that 
sufficient progress had been made in the ilevelopment of the course to justify 
the faculty in the belief that the colloge might lie opened in the following 
October. Steps were accordingly taken to provide a suitable building for 
the pin-pose, upon the stipulation that the physicians of the state would suli- 
scribe to at least .^()<) shares of the capital stock, at a par value of $25.».V) per 
share. 



150 HISTORY OF HO]\ICEOPATH\ 

At the annual meeting of the incorporators, I\[ay i6, 1891, the directors 
for the ensuing year were elected, including in the number Mr. (justavus A. 
Dobler and Drs. Barnard and Holbrook, not previously associated with the 
management. One week later the directors elected Mr. Levi Z. Condon presi- 
dent, to which ofifice he has been annually re-elected to the present time. He 
also held a similar position in the governing board of the hospital from its 
organization until 1904. when at his request — prompted by bodily infirmities 
— a successor was elected. This record serves as a fitting interpretation of 
his earnestness in promoting the interests of both institutions, and unmis- 
takably characterizes his fidelity to the cause. 

At the same time Mr. Aubrey Pearre was chosen vice-president, Mr. Ed- 
ward Higgins secretary and Mr. F. W. Schultz, treasurer, in place of Mr. 
John T. Graham, who found his services as secretary of the hospital board 
demanded all the time he could spare from his other duties. He likewise 
has continued his connection with the hospital uninterruptedly, having been 
retained in the same ofifice until 1904, when he succeeded Mr. Condon in the 
presidency. 

The directors on May 29, 1891, received a communication from eleven 
physicians of Washington, recommending Dr. Thomas L. Macdonald (Hahne- 
mann, 1888) for the chair of principles and practice of surgery. This being 
approved by the faculty, he was elected. At the same time it was resolved to 
establish a chair of clinical and operative dentistry in 1892, but beyond such 
resolution no active measures have ever been taken to extend the curriculum 
beyond the recognized scope of the physician's duties. 

At this time encouraging progress had been made in securing stock sub- 
scriptions. The members of the faculty had taken 420 shares, and lay mem- 
bers of the corporation 120 shares. In this connection we may be permitted 
to anticipate events by stating that, as a result of the various financial meas- 
ures adoi)ted in the establishment and conduct of the college, 720 shares repre- 
sent the total subscriptions at the present time. Through transfers resulting 
from withdrawal of some 'of the earlier members, additions from later acces- 
sions, and adjustments arising in their negotiation, they comprise at present 
362 shares of preferred stock and 358 of common stock. Almost half is now 
held by laymen. 

During the next two months there was an active search for a building 
which could be readily converted to the purpose in view, an important requisite 
being a site convenient to the hospital. After inspecting numerous properties, 
one which seemed to fulfill the required conditions was a three-story building 
on Saratoga street used for many years as a Roman Catholic school, known 
as Calvert hall. This was purchased for $16,000. 

The interior of the building required little change, but painting, repairs, 
provision for the dispensary and the installation of heating apparatus required 
an additional outlay of $5,000. In August the act of incorporation was so 
amended as to reduce the number of directors to twelve, consisting of the fol- 
lowing : L. Z. Condon, G. A. Dobler, and Drs. Barnard, Chandlee, Condon, 
Drane. Garev, Jan^iey, Kneass, Mifflin. Fdias C. Price and Eldridge C. Price. 

The vice-president, treasurer, solicitor A. J. Carr. the dean, and the regis- 
trar were constituted a committee of finance, charged with supervision of all 
business transactions of the college and hospital. After providing micro- 
scopes and other appliances for teaching it was annoimced that everything was 
in. readiness for opening the session at the time designated. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



151 



The curriculum provided for a medical course of three years, six months 
constituting a term, the arrangement of the studies conforming to that 
observed in the homoeopathic colleges of that day. The faculty, consisting of 
the fourteen physicians elected by the directors, chose the following adjunct 
faculty: Dr. Havard Lindley (Hahnemann, 1888), lecturer on surgical anat- 
omy and demonstrator of anatomy; Henry F. Garey, Esq., lecturer on medi- 
cal jurisprudence; James W. Bright, Ph.D., lecturer on laryngology; Dr. 
Wm. Dulany Thomas (Univ. of Md., 1887), demonstrator of obstetrics; Dr. 
Bartus Trew (Phys. and Surgeons, 1890; Hahnemann, 1891), demonstrator 
of histology. 




Gustavus A. Dobler. 



The first scssidu oijciicil on the hrst Tuesday in (^ictobor. 1891, with an 
attendance of nineteen students. 

The third year class numbered six. five being graduates of the University 
of Maryland, the sixth having qualified for that year by attendance in a 
homoeopathic college elsewhere. 

One student, having presented the requisite credentials, was admitted to 
the second class. 

The first-year class consisted ol' twilvo, two being women. 

At a meeting of the directors held in the college building. April 6. 1802. 
Mr. (lustavus A. Dobler was elected secretary, and fnnn tliat date until his 
deatb, which oeenrnd September ^, H)i\^, he contiiiunl to bold this otlice and 



152 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 



that of treasurer, serving both institutions with a degree of enthusiasm rarely 
equaled. Although a successful business man, his benefactions far exceeded 
what might be expected from his circumstances. His tireless energy and 
unvarying cheerfulness were a constant inspiration to his associates. His 
charitable impulses were not restricted to the demands of these enterprises. 
Wherever there was need he was prompt to respond. His former colleagues 
constantly deplore his loss, and never will cease to cherish the memory of this 
christian gentleman. At the same meeting a mandamus was issued to hold 
the first commencement. The exercises were held in the Lyceum theatre, 
April 7, 1892. Honorary degrees were conferred upon Drs. Elias C. Price, 
Milton Hammond (Univ. of Md., 1851), H. F. Garey, E. H. Holbrook, and 




Eldridge C. Price, A 1.1). 

John Hood, of Baltimore, and Drs. S. S. Stearns (Georgetown, 1868) and 
W. F. Corev (Howard Univ., 1880) of Washington. 

The members of the graduating class who received their diplomas were 
Paul F. DeFord, M.D., Emorv M. Henrv, W. H. Johnson, M.D., Qarence K. 
Jump, M.D., Marshall G. Sm'ith, M.D., and W. D. Thomas, M.D. With the 
exception of Dr. Henrv. who located in West Virginia, all remained m Balti- 
more. Dr. Smith served as demonstrator of anatomy during the five following 
terms, succeeding Dr. Lindlcv as lecturer on surgical anatomy in 1894. Dr. 
W. D. Thomas lias had charge of the de])artment of rhinology and laryngology 
since the beginning of the second session, being elected professor in 1901. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 153 

The valedictory address was delivered by Prof. Elias C. Price, after which 
Prof. Janney conferred diplomas upon two women who had completed the 
course in the training school for nurses, which had been established upon the 
opening of the hospital, instruction being given by members of the faculty. 

At the close of the term an alumni association was formed. In addition 
to the active service rendered by the local members in the dispensary- and 
teaching corps, their annual banquets, held at the termination of the com- 
mencement exercises, serve to renew the bonds of union with distant members 
and afford occasion for the interchange of confidences between faculty and 
graduates which tend to prom.ote the interests of the institution. 

At the directors' meeting, held April 21, 1892, the board of the Maryland 
Homoeopathic Free Dispensary and Hospital proposed to convey the sole man- 
agement of that institution, with all rights and privileges under its charter, 
and all equipments and funds, to the college, the latter to assume the liabilities 
of the hospital. The proposal was accepted with the proviso that the cor- 
porate title. Maryland Homoeopathic Hospital, be retained. The expediency 
of this transfer lay in. the desirability of simplifying the management of these 
institutions whose fortunes and efficiency depended upon the m.ost intimate 
cooperation. 

The direct management of the hospital was intrusted to the regents of 
the college, a body consisting of seven persons, comprising the dean and 
members chosen from the board of directors, who also had supervision of the 
finances of the college, holding monthly or semi-monthly meetings as exi- 
gencies demanded, electing such professors and for such terms as the faculty 
might nominate, reporting to the parent board, at least annually, before the 
assembling of the stockholders in May. 

The second session opened Tuesday, October 4, 1892. The teaching corps 
consisting of the same professors, the adjunct faculty being enlarged by the 
addition of the graduates previously mentioned, and Dr. Geo. T. Shower 
(Hahnemann, 1882) as lecturer on pharmacy and toxicology. 

Eigliteen new students matriculated, constituting a body of twenty-nine 
undergraduates, nine of whom were women, four of the number pursuing 
special studies. 

In conformity with the change in the management of the hospital. Prof. 
Barnard was appointed superintendent of that institution. Dr. Bartus Trew. 
resident physician, and Miss Jennie S. Cottle, superintendent of the training 
sSchool for nurses, there being six of the latter attending the course. 

.^t the second commencement, held Tuesday, .'\pril 11. 1803. Donna .-X. 
Waldran. a former student of the Woman's Medical College, and Charles A. 
Stultz, received the medical degree. The former remained in the city, and 
from the time of graduation imtii i()02 aided in the work of the dispensary. 
The latter located in one of the counties of the state. 

Previous to the opening of the third session Prof. Holbrook witlnlrow 
from the faculty. Dr. J. B. Crcgg Custis. of Washington (Xew York Honi.. 
1878) was elected professor of the practice of obstetrics, and .Mbert M. Reese. 
Ph.D. (J. H. IT.) was appointed lecturer and demonstrator o\ ehemistrv. 

The o|)ening of the third term (i8()3-4) took place <in the tirst Tnesvlav 
in October, which has cdutiinu-d throiighcMU to fix the date tor the beginning 
of the sessions. TweiUv-nine students were in attendance. 

In piu'suance of a design growing out of a conviction in ilu' minds i^i all 
lli;it llif dtiiiainN >i|iiiii ihc li(i-|iital wi^nld soon outt^row its capacit\. and fn^n 



154 



HISTORY OF HO^ICEOPATHY 



the desirability of securing a tract of oround upon which both hospital and 
collecre might be erected and pursue their work to greater mutual and general 
advantage, a meeting of the directors was held December 20, 1893, at which 
Mr Condon ofi"ered to sell to the Maryland Homoeopathic Free Dispensary 
and Hospital for the desired purpose his property fronting 305 feet on North 
Mount street, with an average depth of 213 feet, for the sum of $30,000, 
donatinc^ $5,000 of this amount provided the directors would contribute $3,000 
for such alterations as would adapt the building to the purpose contemplated. 
This proposition having been accepted, and the date, April i, 1894, agreed 
upon as the limit for complying with the conditions, measures were at once 




Tohn T. Graham, 
Secy. So. Homoe. Wed. Col., 1890-1904- 

taken to secure contributions of the required sum from the members of the 
board. The necessary changes being in a satisfactory state of progress, the 
hospital was installed in its' present location at the time designated. As an 
evidence of the increasing favor which this enterprise already enjoyed, the 
city authorities had provided for the support of twenty beds during the pre- 
ceding year. 1 j r 

As in all benevolent movements, the ladies, from the days of the old dis- 
pensary, have been untiring and enthusiastic supporters of every phase of 
the work involved in the conduct of the hospital. The Ladies' Auxiliary was 
organized at the outset under the presidency of Mrs. Henry Chandlee, whose 
failing health compelled her early withdrawal. Mrs. John T. Graham pre- 



HISTORY OF HO.AICEOPATHY 155 

sided for another series of years and was succeeded in turn by Mrs. Geo. W. 
Lindsay. The present incumbent is Mrs. J. R. Thompson. By skillful ad- 
justment of their operations with a co-ordinate association, they have been 
enabled to accomplish results far exceeding what might be expected from 
the numbers engaged. 

The commencement held at the Lyceum, Thursday. April 13, 1894. at 
the conclusion of the third session, was the source of much interest and 
gratification to the management, as it marked the graduation of the first class 
which had pursued the entire course under their instruction. 

Twelve graduates received diplomas : Joseph H. Branson, Va. ; James A. 
Clement, Md. ; Mary H. Darrell, Md. ; Horace L. Fair, Pa. ; John C. Hendrix, 
Md. ; Jam.es L. Hooper, Md. ; Edwin S. Lothrop, M.D., D. C. ; Wm. AL Panne- 
baker, A.B.. Md. ; John A. Shower, :\[d. ; Frank A. Swartwout, ALD.. D. C. ; 
Garaphelia Wareheim, Md. ; Maurice G. Wiley, N. H. Six of these have 
aided in the work of the college. 

Dr. Clement, after two years' service in the dispensary, lectured on 
hygiene from 1896 to 1898, and on pharmacy and toxicology in addition during 
the following term. 

Dr. Hendrix lectured on surgery during the session of 1902-3. 

Dr. Pannebaker has been identified with the dispensary and teaching 
corps continuously since his graduation. Beginning in 1894 as assistant dem- 
onstrator of histology, he took charge of the department in the next term. 
Elected associate professor of physiology in 1899. he resumed histology in the 
succeeding session, and since 1902 has also lectured on the medical diseases 
of women. 

Dr. Hooper, after an absence of several years, has had charge of the 
department of dermatology since 1901, serving also as demonstrator of anatomy 
since igo^. 

Dr. J. A. Shower aided in the dispensary until his removal to York. Pa., 
in 1895. Elected associate professor of the principles of obstetrics in June, 
1899, he lectured for two sessions, when he was obliged to withdraw. 

Dr. Wareheim was demonstrator of anatomy during the session of 
1 899- 1 900. 

Several changes in the composition of the faculty and in the management 
of the educational interests marked the intermission preparatory to the session 
of 1894-5. 

Prof. John Hood, liaving determined to remove elsewhere, resigned from 
the faculty. The department thus vacated was assumed by Prof. Ellas C. 
Price, and the title of his chair was changed to institutes and sanitary science. 

Profs. Drane, Garey and Kneass having withdrawn, there resulted a 
readjustment of the duties of a portion of the faculty, and the introduction 
of several additional teachers. 

Dr. ChandUe was elected dean, and Dr. Jaiuiey registrar. These, in con- 
junction with Dr. Barnard, constituted the executive committee, having imme- 
diate control of the details of instruction and dispensary work during the 
session, subject to the supervision of the faculty, an arrangomont. with occa- 
sional modification in membeiship. which has continucil throughout the subse- 
quent history of the institution. 

Prof. Chandlee was elected to the chair of principles of obstetrics, con- 
tinuing to k'cliu'e fin ])hysi<ilogv of the nervous system. 

Prof. r.;irn;inl was pl.'iced in charge of (ho department oi gynecology, 



156 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 



witli Dr. Zeno B. Babbitt of Washington (Hahnemann. 1890) as associate 
professor of medical diseases of women. 

Dr. William R. King of Washington (Hahnemann, 18S1) was elected 
associate professor of ophthalmology and otology, and Dr. Charles Leslie 
Rumsev (Hahnemann, 1890) associate professor of clinical ophthalmolog}' 
and otology, lecturer on bacteriology, demonstrator of histology and surger>'. 

Dr. George T. Shower was elected associate professor of physiolog>% con- 
tinuing to lecture on pharmacy and toxicology. 

Dr. Lewis R. Palmer (Hahnemann, 1892) was appointed demonstrator 
of obstetrics, and Dr. Clarence Nichols (Hahnemann, 1892) demonstrator of 
ophthalmology and otology. 




Dr. O. Edward Janney. 

At a meeting of the facultv in September Prof. Custis, who with Prof. 
Macdonald had represented the 'college at the session of the American Insti- 
tute of Homoeopathy at Denver, reported the adoption of a four-year course 
after the session of 1894-5, which prompted the faculty to prepare for the 
adjustment of the curriculum in accordance with such extension. 

The fourth session, beginning October 2, 1894. witnessed the accession 
of eighteen new students, the entire number being thirty-one, seven of whom 
were women. During the term, the city recognizing the character of the 
work done in the dispensarv. appropriated $500 to its maintenance. This ^yas 
increased to $800 in the following year, and was continued in sums varying 



HISTORY OF HOMGEOPATHY 



157 



with the rate of apportionment adopted by successive boards of charities until 
the removal of the college to the hospital grounds, when it was merged in the 
allowance granted to the hospital. In November, 1894, Prof. Eldridge C. 
Price was appointed delegate to the Southern Homoeopathic Medical Associa- 
tion, and a memorial was adopted on the death of Dr. J. P. Dake, who had 
evinced a friendly interest in the college. 

At the fourth commencement, held at the Lyceum, April 11, 1895, Dr. 
E. H. Pratt of Chicago delivered the address, and diplomas were conferred on 
thirteen graduates ; eight residents of Maryland, two of the District of Colum- 
bia, and one each of Delaware, Pennsylvania and West Virginia. Three of 
the number have rendered service in the dispensarv and as teachers. 




Dr. Hcnrv Chandlce. 



Dr. C atlin lias been identified witii the work of the college from his 
graduation to the present time, serving continuously in the dispensary, lectur- 
ing on minor surgery in i8(;S-(). as demonstrator of anatomy in 190J-3. of 
practical obstetrics in k^o,^^. and as lecturer on principles of • obstetrics 
in 1904-5. 

Dr. M. A. l-'air, in addition to service in the dispensary, was deinon- 
.strator of anatomy for tliiee successive terms, licginning in 1808. 

Dr. Wisner was dinitinstrator of anatomy during tliree .sessions fi'lKnving 
bis graduation. 

'i'bf regents eli'cted in Mav, iS<i5, ior the ensuing vear. were 1.. Z. 



158 HISTORY OF HOMOiOPATHY 

Condon, G. A. Dobler, James Clement, and Drs. Chandlee, Barnard, Custis 
and C. H. Thomas. 

Associate Professors King. Rumsey and Shower were elected to full pro- 
fessorships. Dr. Edward Z. Cole (Hahnemann, Chicago, 1879), of Michigan 
City, Ind., who had recently removed to Baltimore, was elected associate pro- 
fessor of operative surgery. During the week preceding the opening of the 
term, Prof. E. H. Pratt gave a course in orificial surgery at the hospital. 

The fifth session began October i, 1895. In conformity with the require- 
ment of the American Institute of Homoeopathy, the four-year course was 
inaugurated. As was expected from such prolongation of the period of 
medical training, there was a decided diminution in the number of matricu- 
lates, the total attendance being twenty-four. 

The percentage established for the final examinations, admitting to suc- 
ceeding classes or to graduation, required a rating of 70 per cent in each study, 
with a general average of 75 per cent. 

The commencement at the close of the session was held in Lehmann's 
hall, April 10, 1896. Four graduates received the medical degree; two from 
Mar}land ,and one each from Xew York and \'irginia. But one located in 
Maryland, in the extreme western portion of the state. Four nurses also 
received diplomas. 

During the intermission Professor IVIacdonald was granted leave of 
absence for a year on account of failing health ; and Associate Professor Cole 
was elected professor of clinical and operative surgery. 

At the sixth session beginning October 6. 1896, the accessions exceeded 
those of any ])revious year, and the total number of students present was 
thirty-eight. ]\Iuch of the satisfaction felt over the encouraging ])rospects 
was dampened by the death, on January 29, 1897. of Martin F. Sefton of West 
A'irginia, one of the most promising of the student body. 

'Jhe commencement exercises at the conclusion of the term were held at 
the Lyceum, April 15, 1897, the medical degree being conferred on eleven 
graduates; six being residents of Pennsylvania, three of iMaryland. and one 
each of District of Columbia and New York. 

Dr. O. S. Everhart, after pursuing post-graduate studies, died March 8, 
1901, shortly after locating in Baltimore. 

Dr. H. ]\I. Robertson lectured on physiology in the Detroit Homoeopathic 
Medical College for several terms, subsequently removing to California. 

In the interval between the terms Professors INIacdonald and Associate 
Professor Babbitt withdrew. The name of the former will reappear on the 
roll of teachers two years hence, resuming his duties for two terms in response 
to the request of the faculty. 

Dr. Palmer was elected associate professor of clinical medicine, and Dr. 
Malcolm E. Douglass (Hahnemann, 1880), who. after practicing in Danville, 
Va., for seventeen years, had removed to Baltimore and was appointed lec- 
turer on pharmacy and toxicology. 

Harold J. Turner, A.B. (J. H. U.). was engaged to lecture on chemistry 
and Dr. Panncbakcr was appointed lecturer and demonstrator of histology. 

Dr. Marshall Smith was succeeded by Dr. J. W. Wisner as demonstrator 
of anatomy, and Dr. J. A. Clement was appointed lecturer on hygiene. 

The seventh session began October 5. 1897. The accessions numbered 
seventeen, the entire attendance being thirty-five. Seven of these were 
women. The removal of the hospital to the north wistern section of the city 



HISTORY OF HO.MCEOPATHY 



159 



—a district previously remote from such medical and surgical service, and 
now rapidly increasing in population — had been attended with a degree of 
patronage which justified its establishment in that localitv. This transfer, 
however, had been the occasion of some disadvantage in conducting the opera- 
tions of the college. Both faculty and students fully realized the inconveni- 
ence of such a wide separation of the two institutions, and during the present 
term the former strenuously urged upon the directors the necessity of dispos- 
ing of the building on Saratoga street and erecting another upon the hospital 
grounds. 

The seventh commencement was held at the Lyceum, April 14. 1898. 
Seven graduates received diplomas; two from Maryland, two from Pennsvl- 




Dr. Edward II. Condon. 

vania, and oiu- each from the District of Columbia. \'irginia and West 
\'irginia. I'our of these have rendered .>;ervice to the college. 

Dr. I'.nrritt of Washington has lectured om disea.ses of chiUlreii from 
October. 1S99, to the present. Dr. Seiple lectured on .sanitarv .science during 
the .sessions of 1900-1 and it;oi-j. Dr. Wessels served in' the dispensary. 
Dr. Willey, after two terms as resident physician of the hospital, lectured on 
minor surgery in i()02-,^. and is again connected with the department of 
surgery during (he present trnii. At the same time five nurses lia«l dipK>iuas 
confirrcd uixni them. Since this commencement the two institutions liave 
held tluir giaduating exercises separateK. 



I(i0 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

The conclusion of the term was marked by a change in the management 
of the hospital, the board of regents of the college withdrawing from the 
direct control wdiich they had exercised since April, 1892. Thenceforth the 
directors of the hospital held sole authority over its operations, electing the 
staff from the members of the faculty, affording the college authorities access 
to the free wards and operating rooms for purposes of instruction as hereto- 
fore, for which privilege the college has made annual contributions of $500 
to its support. 

At their meeting in May, 1898, the faculty regretfully accepted the 
resignation of ProL Charles H. Thomas, who, having held the chair of clinical 
medicine and physical diagnosis since the establishment of the school, was 
compelled through continued ill health to relinquish his duties. His death, 
which occurred May 13, 1900, terminated the labors of one who had taken 
an active part in every important movement directed to the advancement of 
homoeopathic interests and who was influential in securing legislation pro- 
tecting the profession in this state. 

Dr. Henry J. Evans (Hahnemann, 1881), who had removed to Baltimore 
from Pennsylvania, w^as elected to the position thus vacated, and Associate 
Professor Palmer was assigned to diseases of the heart and lungs. 

Dr. Douglass having been appointed lecturer on neurology and derma- 
tology. Dr. Clement was assigned to lecture on pharmacy and toxicology, in 
addition to hygiene. 

Further appointments were : Dr. Bartus Trew, lecturer on diseases of 
women and demonstrator of pathology ; Dr. Xichols, anatomy ; Dr. Catlin, 
minor surgery. 

The eighth session, beginning Tuesday, October 4, 1898. exceeded every 
previous term in the number of students, there being forty in attendance, ten 
of whom were women. During the term a branch of the Young Men's 
Christian Association was organized by the students, this college being the 
first in the city to contribute to the support of a college secretary of that 
organization. 

When the commencement was held at the Lyceum, April 13. 1899, eight 
graduates received their diplomas : five from Maryland, two from Pennsyl- 
vania and one from Delaware. 

Dr. Long served for a period as resident physician at the hospital ; Dr. 
Marchant aided in the dispensary work during the session of 1901-2. and 
Dr. Peddicord, having passed the examination for admittance to the United 
States medical service, went to the Philippines. 

At the faculty meeting in May, 1899, Dr. Janney desiring to withdraw 
from the office of registrar, Dr. Rumsey w'as elected in his stead, the executive 
committee being constituted as follows : Dr. Chandlee, dean ; Dr. Rumsey, 
registrar, and Dr. Janney. 

The relations existing between the hospital and college led to a variance 
in the views of the members of the faculty concerning the policy which should 
be adopted, which ultimately resulted in the resignation of Profs. Elias C. 
Price, Eldridge C. Price, R. W. Mifflin and E. Z. Cole. This was followed 
by a reassignment of duties involving various members of the faculty, and 
the teaching corps provided for the coming session was constituted as follows : 
Professors — 

Dr. J- B. Gregg Custis, institutes of homoeopathic medicine. 

Dr. O. Edward Janney, practice of medicine. 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 161 

Dr. Geo. T. Shower, materia medica and therapeutics. 

Dr. William R. King, ophthalmology and otology. 

Dr. Jarnes S. Barnard, gynecology. 

Dr. Henry Chandlee, clinical and operative surgerv. 

Dr. Edward H. Condon, anatom}-. 

Dr. T. L. Macdonald. principles of surgery. 

Dr. C. L. Rumsey, pathology, clinical ophthalmology and otologv. 

Dr. Henry J. Evans, clinical medicine and physical diagnosis. 
Associate Professors — 

Dr. Lewis R. Palmer, diseases of the heart and lungs. 

Dr. Wm. Dulany Thomas (S. H. M. C, 1892), rhinology and laryn- 
gologv. 

Harold J. Turner, Ph.D. (J. H. U.), chemistry. 

Dr. Partus Trew^ medical diseases of women, demonstrator of pathology. 

Dr. Wm. AT. Pannebaker CS. H. AI. C, 1895), physiology and histology. 

Dr. John W. Dehoff (Hahnemann., 1876), practice of obstetrics. 

Dr. John A. Shower (S. H. AI. C, 1894), principles of obstetrics. 
Lecturers and Demonstrators — 

Dr. M. E. Douglass, neurology and dermatology. 

Dr. Clarence Nichols, anatomy, demonstrator of ophthalmology and 
otology. 

Dr. Barrett C. Catlin (S. H. I\I. C. 1895), minor surgery. 

Dr. Edmund L. Yourex (Hahnemann, 1892), pharmacv and toxicology. 

Dr. M. C. Burritt (S. H. M. C, 1898), diseases of children. 

Dr. W. C. Comstock (Hahnemann, 1896), sanitary science. 

Dr. M. A. Fair (S. H. M. C, 1895). lecturer and demonstrator of 
anatomy. 

Dr. Gara. Wareheim (S. H. INI. C, 1894), demonstrator of anatomy. 

Dr. Geo. E. Houck (Hahnemann, 1894), demonstrator of histology. 

W. McE. Knower, Ph.D. (J. H. U.), biology and embryology. 

The ninth session opened October 3, 1899, ^^ith five new students, making 
twenty-seven in all. 

At a meeting of the faculty on February 8, 1900. Prof. Giandlee was 
granted leave of absence for six months to enable him to visit Europe, one 
purpose being the further prosecution of his studies in surgical and X-ray 
technique. 

Dr. G. T. Shower was elected acting dean and member of the executive 
comnn'ttee. 

At the instance of the faculty the regeiUs conferred with the directors 
of the hospital, and measures looking to a more satisfactory adjustment of the 
relations of these two institutions were adojited ; an additional apprc^priation 
was made for the furtbt-r o(|uipment of the laboratories, and fniaiicial aid for 
needy students was ])rotfered l)y scxeral members of tin- lioard. 

The ninth commencement was held at lleplasophs' ball, .April 10. UXX). 
when diplomas were conferred on five graduates: two from Maryland, and one 
each from New York, \'irginia and \'ermont. 

Dr. Hodges was .ippointed residciU physician at ihr hospital. tinalK 
settling in Cumbi'rl;uid, .Md. 

Dr. Ilem-y Russi-ll has bun kcturing on toxicology since October, i»H\^ 

At the nu'cting i>t' tlu- t;n.-ult\ on M;i\ j.\, 1ihx>. I >r, ."^lunver was elected 



162 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



dean, Dr. Rumsey, re-elected reg^istrar, and Dr. Janney was chosen as the 
third member of the executive committee. 

It was directed that a record be entered upon the minutes expressino- 
appreciation of the services of Dr. Chandlee as dean since 1894. 

Assoc. Prof. Dehoff was elected professor of obstetrics. A physician of 
York, Pa., since 1890, after practicin^j in Maryland, the state of his nativity, 
for fourteen years he has continued to discharge his duties as a member of the 
teaching corps to the present time. 

At a meeting held in the following month it was resolved to extend the 
term to seven months. 




Dr. Geo. T. Sho\yer, Dean. 

Dr. Alfred Wanstall (New York Horn. Med. Col.. 1875), was engaged 
to conduct a course in blood analysis. 

Dr. M. E. Douglass was elected assoc. ])rof., continuing his course in neu- 
rology and dermatology, and lecturing to the first and second year classes on 
materia medica while Prof. Shower lectured on the same branch to the third 
and fourth year classes, and resumed physiology. 

1'he following changes and additions were also made : 

Dr. Yourex, toxicology and practical obstetrics. 

Dr. Comstock. eye and ear. 

Dr. W. T. Willey, minor surgery. 

Robert F. Leach, Jr., Esq.. medical jurisprudence. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 163 

Dr. Houck, i^enito-urinary diseases. 

Dr. A. W. H. Seiple (S. H. M. C, i8y8). sanitary science. 

Roscoe L. Coffin, pharmacy. 

Albert 'SI. Reese. Ph.D., who had previously taught in the college, chem- 
istry. 

Roades Fayerweather, A. B., anatomy. 

The stockholders, at their meeting, May 15. 1900, re-elected the old board 
of directors : L. Z. Condon. G. A. Dobler, F. \V. Schultz, James Clement, 
and Drs. Barnard, Chandlee, Janney, King, Mifflin and Shower. 

The latter at their meeting on ^lay 21, chose the following regents: 
Messrs. Condon, Dobler, F. C. Pearre. and Drs. Chandlee, Janney, Mifflin 
and Shower. 

The movement to transfer the operations of the college was most earnestly 
advocated, and the president was authorized to sell the college building if an 
offer of $25,000 could be obtained. The regents met on the same day and 
resolved to take preliminary steps to erect a building in the vicinity of the 
hospital. Negotiations for the sale having been delayed, it was found neces- 
sary to continue the work of instruction in the usual place throughout the 
following term. 

On September 10, Prof. Custis was appointed to represent the college at 
the meeting of the Southern Homoeopathic Medical Association. 

The tenth session was opened October 2, 1900. Eighteen new students 
matriculated, making a total of thirty-two, seven of whom were women. 

On November 9, 1900, the directors met and accepted an offer from Ex- 
Governor Frank Brown of $22,500 for the college building. The regents were 
at once instructed to secure plans and enter upon the erection of a new build- 
ing. Operations began early in March, 190 1, with the expectation of com- 
pleting the structure soon after the close of the session. 

On March 8. 1901, death for the first time entered the ranks of the 
alumni, removing from their number Dr. Oliver S. Everhart, who, after his 
graduation in 1897, had prepared himself for special work, and had but recently 
begun practice. Before the close of the term the student body lost a member 
through the death of Charles L. Rhea of the senior class, who at the eml of 
the session would have completed four years' attendance at this school. 

On April to, 1901, anniversary exercises were held in commemoration 
of Samuel Hahnemann. Addresses were delivered by Drs. Custis, Douglass, 
Janney and Shower. Such annual observance has become a feature of the 
course. 

The tenth commencement was held in Eehmann's hall, Mav 6, U)Oi. at 
which ten students graduated : three from Maryland, three from Pennsvl- 
vania, and one each from the District of Coliunbia. New York and Tennessee. 
Five located in Baltimore. 

Dr. Dean has aided in the disj)ensary and lecturet! on phvsittlogv from 
the time of her graduation. 

Dr. Duv.'dl has rondend contiinious service in (ho dispensarv during the 
same period. 

Dr. Freeland, afli-r cinnpletiiig ;i term as resident in the hos])ital, Icx-ated 
in Kentucky. 

Dr. Stevenson, in addition to dis])i'!isary work from the outset, entered 
the department of jjathology. taking charge during the t'oll<nviiig term, and 
now comhids the cdiu'se in medicd di.ntjnosis. 



16i 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



Dr. Tydeman has aided throughout in the dispensary. 

Dr. Young, beginning with dispensary service, has also lectured on minor 
surgery since October, 1902, and during the present session conducts a course 
in rectal surgery in addition. 

-On July 17 sufficient progress had been made in the construction of the 
new building to admit of the opening of the dispensary in the basement. 

On the 31st of this month the student body was further depleted through 
the death by drowning of Frank E. Douglass, the son of Assoc. Prof. Doug- 
lass, on the eve of entering the third year class. 

Previous to the opening of the session Prof. William R. King withdrew 
from active work. The aid rendered by the Washington physicians has alwavs 




Dr. Chas. L, Rmnsc\'. 

been gratefully recognized. Through the expenditure of time involved in 
meeting their engagements at the college, it was understood that their places 
should be supplied as suitable men became available. In recognition of 
friendly interest and active aid on their part. Dr. King was elected professor 
emeritus. Subsequently l^rnf. James S. Barnard withdrew from the faculty, 
other interests absorbing his time. He was requested to give special lectures 
on gynecology. 

Assoc. Prof. Trew was elected to the chair thus vacated, retaining charge 
of the department of pathology, in which Dr. H. M. Stevenson was appointed 
assistant. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



165 



Assoc. Profs. Lewis R. Palmer and William Dulany Thomas were elected 
to full professorships in their respective departments, which positions they 
retain as members of the present faculty. 

The following lecturers were appointed : 

Dr. W. T. Willey ( S. H. Tvl. C, 1898), minor surgery; Dr. James L. 
Hooper ( S. H. W. C, 1894), dermatology; 'SI. B. Bonta, A^ B., anatomy; Dr. 
M. M. Dean, physiolog}-; F. C. Fisher, A. B., medical terminology^; J. A. E. 
Eyster, A. B.. biology and embryology; Dr. C. E. Dennis ( Hahnemann. 1892), 
physiology. Dr. Wanstall was engaged to repeat his course in blood analysis. 
On Monday, September 30, 1901, the new college building was dedicated in 
the presence of a concourse w^hich filled the entire structure. After intro- 




Dr. Joliii W. IK-Iu.rt. 

ductory remarks by tlie dean, Rev. Dr. J. B. Van Meter, dean of the Wom- 
an's College, who had frequentlv taken part in the public exercises of this 
institution, and Robert V. Leach'. Jr. Esq.. delivered addresses. Rev. \V. L 
Stewart formally detiicated the building, anil the ceremonies were closed bv 
Rev. E. R. Diatriek, who pronounced tiie benediction. 

When the duties of the eleventh session began on the following da\ . .sev- 
enteen new students matriculated, constituting a body of thirty-five uniler- 
graduatcs. Eight of the number were women, one taking a special course. 

On jaiuiary 30. i<;<)J. I'rof. Henry ). Lvans tendered bis resignation on 
account of faibug luallb. As bis duties bad been discliarj^ed so acceptablv, 



16C HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

he was requested to withhold it, in the hope that recovery might restore him 
to his place, but such expectation has not yet been realized. Prof. Janney 
took charge of the medical clinics, and instruction in physical diagnosis was 
apportioned between Profs. Palmer and Thomas. 

At the commencement held in Lehmann's hall. May 6, 1902, nine stu- 
dents were graduated, five being residents of Maryland, two of Pennsylvania, 
and one each of Canada and Delaware. Two were graduates of the old 
school. 

Of this class. Dr. Erb has served in the dispensary, and as resident at 
the hospital ; Dr. Florence L. A. Evans has taken part in the dispensary work 
from the time of graduation ; Dr. Keech has been demonstrator of anatomy 
since October, 1902, and lecturer on surgical anatomy since October, 1903; 
Dr. Walton, after a term of service as resident at the hospital, continued his 
studies in Europe, and is now lecturing on surgery ; Dr. N. V. Wright has 
been lecturing on anatomy since October, 1904. 

During the past term the advantages expected from this change in the 
location of the college — bringing both institutions in such close proximity, as 
they were designed to be closely allied in aim and interest — were measurably 
realized, not only in the increased facilities for clinical instruction afforded 
the college and in enlarging the resources of the hospital by augmenting the 
staff, but in the larger measure of enthusiasm which animated those who took 
part in the work. 

After the lapse of eleven years the number of alumni who had located 
here had attained fair proportions. Many physicians had been attracted from 
a distance. From both sources the most promising had been gradually en- 
listed in the work, and promoted to more responsible duties as their capacity 
was demonstrated. 

Those who had served from the outset of these enterprises began to 
mdulge the hope that their burden might ere long be safely transferred to 
the more vigorous shoulders of those who had enjoyed many advantages de- 
nied to themselves in their student days. Yet they have distinctly recognized 
that one duty yet remains for the older members of the profession to dis- 
charge, and that to insist upon the undiminished importance of homoeopathic 
therapeutics, all the more earnestly as it constitutes the raiscvi d'etre of the 
homoeopathic medical college. 

The stockholders held their first meeting in the new building, May 20, 
1902, when they elected directors, who met on the same day and chose the 
following regents : ^Messrs. Condon and Dobler, and Drs. Chandlee, Janney, 
Rumsey, Shower and Trew. 

On June 16, 1902, the death of Dr. Elias C. Price occurred, on the eve 
of the meeting of the American Institute of Homoeopathy, of which he had 
been a member for thirty-live years. A graduate of the University of INIary- 
land in 1848. within five years he adopted the new tenets, and became the 
pioneer in Baltimore county. Removing to the city in 1865, he took an active 
part in the organization and conduct of all the homoeopathic enterprises re- 
ferred to in this historical sketch, lecturing in the college for eight years. 
Gifted with a retentive memory, his mind was richly stored with a fund 
of medical lore, and few came in contact with him who failed to profit by 
such association. 

Preparatory to the work of the coming term the following additional 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



167 



teachers were engaged : Dr. Jolin Hood, who had lectured on the same sub- 
ject from 1891 to 1894, sanitary science; Wm. P. Winter, Ph. D.. chemis- 
try; Dr. M. B. Hood (Bait. Med. Coll., 1900), son of Dr. John Hood, and 
Frank M. Hamblin (New York Hom. Aled. Col., 1901), obstetrics; Win- 
fred Wilson, A. B., anatomy ; Dr. Geo. I. Young, minor surgery ; Drs. Fair, 
Catlin and Keech, demonstrators of anatomy. 

Dr. Comstock was elected associate professor of ophthalmology- and 
otology, and Drs. Burritt, Dean, Hooper, Houck and Stevenson were elected 
associates in approval of their services. 

Dr. Wanstall copsented to supplement his course of the previous term 
with one on diseases of the alimentarv canal. 




I )r W 111. I )iilany I Inina^. 

J he twelfth session opcnrd October 7, 190J. with twontv-six students. 

In consequence of the protracted illness of Prof. Trew. the duties oi tlie 
departnunt of gynecology were assumed bv Prof. Chandlee and Associate 
1 roless.M- l;annebaker, the former taking charge of the surgical branch ami 
llie latter ol medical diseases of women. 

Duniig the term the college enjoved the beiietit of an appropriation oi 
.V'.S'X) from the legislature. A like sum was derived from the same source 
in the succeedmg session, the school being therebv enabled to increase its 
efficiency, particularly through a more Iil)eral e(|uipment ol the laboratories. 

As an uidication ol the recognuion hv the stale of the work accomplished 



lf)S 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



in tlie hospital and of the extension of its operations, it may be said that 
annual appropriations have been made by the state to that institution since 
1896, beginning with $1,000, increasing successively to $2,500, to $3,000, and 
for the present year, $5,000. 

Before the year ended the profession and laity were called upon to lament 
the death of Prof. Bartus Trew, which occurred December 12, 1902. Al- 
though but thirty-three years old, he had attained advanced rank among his 
associates. His mental endowments, studious habits and unbounded energv 
combined to qualify him for brilliant service, and the management of both 
institutions indulged cheerful anticipations of that service in their behalf. The 
extent of their hopes measures their sense of loss at his untimely removal. 




Dr. Bartus Trew. 

Ihe regents, likewise, were hampered in the discharge of their duties 
through the continued ill health of their associate, Gustavus A. Dobler^ whose 
judgment and^ energy had been so unreservedly at their service in the past. 

The session terminated with the commencement at Heptasoph's hall. 
May 2, 1903. The medical degree was conferred upon three graduates: 
one each from Maryland, Virginia and Armenia. 

Dr. Murray in the following session served as assistant in pathology, 
and is now in charge of that department. 

Dr. Robinson, after further prosecution of his studies in Europe, is lec- 
turing on anatomy during tiie present term. 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 169 

During the intermission Prof. Custis, who had been associated with the 
operation of the college since 1893, signified his desire to withdraw from 
regular participation in the work of instruction. 

The course in institutes was committed to Assoc. Prof. Douglass, who 
also continued his lectures on materia medica. 

Dr. Catlin was assigned to practical obstetrics vice Dr. M. B. Hood ; 
Heman B. Wood, Ph.D. succeeded Dr. Winter in chemistry ; Dr. Henry Rus- 
sell was appointed lecturer on toxicology ; Dr. Hooper was added to the corps 
of demonstrators of anatomy; and Dr. E. O. ^^lurray was appointed assistant 
to Dr. Stevenson in patholog\', enabling the latter to take up the work in 
blood analysis heretofore in charge of Dr. Wanstall, who withdrew. 

On September 4, 1903, the apprehension felt respecting the issue of Mr. 
Dobler's long continued sufferings was confirmed by his death. Having 
already alluded to the value of his services in connection with both institu- 
tions, it is felt that such commendatory mention as he has received in these 
pages inadequately expresses the estimate of his qualities. 

Prof. C. L. Rumsey was chosen by the directors to succeed Mr, Dobler 
in the office of treasurer. 

At the thirteenth session beginning October 6, 1903, sixteen new stu- 
dents matriculated, making a total of thirty-nine. 

Prof. Rumsey, retaining ophthalmology and otolog}', shared with Prof. 
Chandlee the duties of the department of surgery, the latter continuing in 
charge of surgical g\necology. 

The college has sought from the outset to encourage worthy students 
who from lack of means would be debarred from the vocation for which they 
possess natural aptitude by modifying the rates of tuition in special cases. 

A plan was adopted, to be carried into efifect during this term, which it 
was hoped would promote a higher degree of scholarship among the students 
in general. Those who maintain during the third year an average of ninety 
per cent are granted a reduction of one-fourth of the regular tuition fee in 
the fourth year, and those who hold such average throughout the three pre- 
ceding years receive a remission of one-half such fee during the senior year. 

The commencement exercises were held at Lehmann's hall, Tuesday. May 
4, 1904. The graduating class comprised thirteen; five from Mar^iand, four 
from Pennsylvania, two from Delaware, and one each from District of Colum- 
bia and New Jersey. 

Dr. F. B. Forrest is serving as resident physician of the hospital ; Dr. 
Fred'k. E. Hesser was appointed lecturer and demonstrator of anatomy for 
the ensuing term; Dr. Maurice E. Shamer, demonstrator of anatomy and 
assistant in medical diagnosis; and Dr. Carl L. Thudichum, lecturer on em- 
bryology and assistant in materia medica. 

The stockholders at their meeting on May 25, 1904, olecteil the directors 
who are now serving: L. Z. Condon. Hon. John J. Dobler, E. T. Mmlgc. 
and Drs. Chandlee. Condon, II. J. Evans, Janney, Mifflin. Price. Kumso\ . 
Shower and Thomas. These assembling Juno 6. 1904, chose the present 
board of regents; L. Z. Condon, jirrsident ; Dr. Janney, vice-president: Dr. 
Rumsey, treasurer: Dr. Shower, secretary, .ind Dr^. Chandlee, Condon anil 
Thomas. 

The period of preparation for the next ses.slon was marked by a change 
in the group of professors, involving the loss of one and the accession of 
another. The nsignatitn of Prof. Custis was acceptoi! with regret at the 



170 



HISTORY OF HOMa':OPATHY 



separation from one whom the American Institute of Homoeopathy had hon- 
ored with its highest office, who has been identified with events so significant 
to the homoeopathic profession. 

Dr. Eldridge C. Price was elected professor of therapeutic philosophy. 
Such disposition in a member of the original faculty to return to the aid of 
the institution sliould serve to encourage its older friends, and enlarge the 
interest of those who are younger. 

Of the adjunct facultv, Drs. Burritt, Dean, Hooper, Houck and Steven- 
son were elected associate professors of their several branches, the last-named 
beino- placed in charge of medical diagnosis. Drs. Catlin and Young were 
elected associates ; Drs. Willcy and Walton, lecturers on surgery ; Dr. David 




Dr. Lewi? R. I'alnKr. 

M. Stultz (S. H. ]\I. C, 1895) sanitary science; Drs. Robinson and Wright, 
anatomy; Benjamin Klein, Ph. D., chemistry; and Drs. 1 lesser, Shamer and 
Thudichum, as previously stated. 

The conduct of the clinics held in the college building, embracing general 
medical and children's, was committed to Prof. Janney and Assoc. Profs. 
Douglass and Dean. 

The executive committee, chosen in :\Iay, 1904, consists of Profs. 
Shower, Rumsey and Thomas. 

The teaching corps, as at present constituted, cnil)races thirty- four mem- 
bers, of whom nineteen are graduates of this school; one professor, five asso- 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 171 

ciate professors, two associates, and eleven lecturers ; exactly equaling the 
teaching corps that began the work of the school fourteen years ago, as well 
as the number of students who attended the first session. 

The fourteenth session began Tuesday, October 4, 1904. 

Thirty-three students are in attendance, of whom five are women. The 
senior class comprises nine members. 

As one effect of the great fire, whose consequences have been so widely 
felt, no further state appropriation has been made. Municipal support of the 
dispensary having been transferred to the hospital, the college now stands 
solely upon the basis it has established for itself. The chief element in the 
capital to which its maintenance is due has been hopefulness, and the preser- 
vation of this asset, fostered by the growing body of alumni, should render 
possible the accomplishment of the purposes which prompted the establish- 
ment of the school. 

The hospital, to which the profession and laity have contributed gener- 
ously of their time and energies, now represents a monetary value double the 
cost of the property purchased from Mr. Condon, ernbracing improvements 
and three dwellings outside its limits, occupied by the nurses. 

The city for a number of years has contributed to the maintenance of 
thirty beds, there being thirteen free beds in addition, and accommodations 
for fifteen private patients. 

The attendance at the training school during the present term is eigh- 
teen. The' number of graduate nurses who have received instruction is 
forty-six. Four of these have died, six are married, and one has taken a 
medical course at the college. 

irOXOR.VRV ALUMXI OF THE SOUTHERN HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICAL COLLEGE. 

Degrees conferred at the commencement of 1892 : 

Waterman F. Corey, ^i. D.. Howard Univ., 1880; 1305 R St.. X. W.. Washington, 
D. C. 

Henry F. Garey, M. D.. Piiys. and Surg., 1876; 341 N. Charle>; St.. Baltimore. Md. 

Milton Hammond, M. D.. >ld. Univ., i8m : deceased. 

Edward H. Holbrook. M. D.. Md. Univ.. 1868; 612 X. Carev St.. Baltimore, Md. 

John Hood, M. D., Mich. Univ., 1868; 608 X. Gilmor St., Baltimore, Md. 

Elias C. Price, M. D., Md. Univ., 1848; deceased. 

Solomon S. Stearns, M. D. Georgetown, 1868; 142; R. I .\\c. X W.. Washington, 
D. C. 

.XLL'MXl OF THE SOU'lllERX HOMOI-Dl'A IllIC MEDIC.VE COLLEGE. 

1898 Arringdalc, Annie M., Baltimore, 1X1)4 Darroll, Mary H., Baltimore, Md. 

Md. i<)Oi l^ean, Mary Mead. Baltimore, Md. 

i(p4 Atwell, Louis P., Stillpond, Md. 1892 DeFord. Paul F.. Baltimore, Md. 

1897 Ayler, Amos E., Grecncastle, Ind. 1897 DehofF. John Edmund. York, Pa. 

1902 liarkdell, Frank L., Cumberland, Md. iix>4 Dietrich, John W., Hagerstown. .Md. 

11)04 Bode. William C, Baltimore, Md. i8<>3 Downs, Julia \'., Baltimore. Md. 

1894 Branson, Joseph II , Washington. ii)oi Duvall. Oliver X., Baltimore, Md 

D. C. i«X)2 Erh, Franklin H., Reisterstown, .Md. 

1895 Brosius, Mary ,\., Washington, D. C. itx>2 h'vans, FK^rence L. .\.. Baltimore, 
l8<)7 Huhrinan, E. Ray, Wesihoro, Mass. Md. 

i8<j5 Htirck, Lewis A., Frederick, Md. 181J7 Everhart, George S., Hanover, Pa. 

iHr^S Burritt. Martha C, Washington. i8(j7 i\verhart, Oliver S. (deceastih 

I). C. i8<>4 I'air. Horace L, l'ni(»n Hridge, .Md. 

i8<>5 Catlin, H.irrett C. Mallimore, Md. iS<>5 Fair. M. .\lva, nallimorc. Md 

iHi;4 Clement, .\rthur, Baltimore, Md. iS<>(j I-Vrguson. Clara M., W ihnniglon. 
HiOl Cox. Lemuel II , Bowers, Del. Del. 



172 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



1897 Fields, Reuben H., Clarion, Iowa. 1899 
1901 Fleagle, G. Roberta, Hanover. Pa. 

1895 Flentje (Zimmerman) Amelia V., 1899 

Baltimore, Md. 1898 

1904 Forrest, Fletcher B., Baltimore. Md. 1899 

1904 Fox, Harry H., Baltimore, Md. 1895 

1895 Frederick, S. Clinton, Wilmington, 1896 

Del. 1897 

1901 Freeland, J. Clarence, Paducah, Ky. 

1902 Goodson, Catherine M., Hyattsville, 1903 

Md. 1896 

1896 Hammond, W. Nelson, Philadelphia, 

Pa. 1900 

1902 Hanby, Charles M.. Cambridge, Md. 1898 
1894 Hendrix, John O., Frederick, Md. 

1892 Henry Emory M., Laurel Point, W. 1904 

Va. 1894 

1904 Hesser, Frederick E.. Baltimore, Md. 1898 

1900 Hodges, Wyllys R., Cumberland, Md. 1892 

1904 Holland, Charles A.. Powellville, 1903 

Md. 1897 

1894 Hooper, James L., Baltimore, Md. 1896 

1895 Houlton, Samuel S., Baltimore, Md. 

1895 Jackson, John P., Berkeley, Va. 1901 

1900 Jennings, J. L., Danville, Va. 

1892 Johnson, William H., Baltimore, Md. 1893 

1892 Jump, Clarence K., Baltimore, Md. 1895 

1902 Keech, Henry Hobart, Baltimore, 1894 
Md. 

1897 Keppel, Frederick D., Elmira, N. Y. 1901 
1897 Koons, H. E., Danville, Va. 1895 
1904 Leigh, Chester A., Burlington. N. J. 

1901 Lewis, George E., Rockville, Md. 1904 
1899 Long, Geary A., Lauraville, Md. 1892 
1894 Lothrop, Edwin S., Washington, 

D. C. 1904 

1902 MacCallum, Malcolm J.. Bradford, 

Pa. 1901 

1899 Marchant, Annie W., Baltimore, Md. ^900 
1897 Massinger, C. L., Bridgeport, Conn. ^893 

1900 McCarriar, Francis D., Baltimore, ^902 

Md. ^894 
1904 McConnell, Irwin H., Harpers Ferry, 

w: Va. l^t 

1899 Meyers, Don M., Lancaster, Pa. igg^ 

1899 Miller, Benjamin F., Mohn's Store, igpg 

Pa. 1895 

1903 Murray, Edward C, Baltimore, Md. 1902 
1894 Pannebaker, Wm. M., Baltimore, 

Md. 1901 



Peddicord, Harper, Philippine 
Islands. 

Pfeiffer, Harry S., Stamford, Conn. 

Plumb, Amy L., Baltimore, Md. 

Powers, Lelia H., Towson, Md. 

Reilly, Wm. F., Covington, Ky. 

Robbins, Ansel J., Mayville, N. Y. 

Robertson, Herbert M., Arlington, 
Cal. 

Robinson, Austi-n F., Baltimore, Md. 

Roope, S. Abigail, Highland Springs, 
Va. 

Russell, Henry, Baltimore, Md. 

Seiple, Arthur W. H., Larned, Kan- 
sas. 

Shamer, Maurice E., Baltimore, Md. 

Shower, John A., York, Pa. 

Smith, Annie M., Lewistown, Pa. 

Smith, Marshall G., Baltimore, Md. 

Solakian, Esther K. 

Somnier, H. Otto, Washington, D. C. 

Stansbury, Henry H., Roland Park, 
Md. 

Stevenson, Henry McKendree, Balti- 
more, Md. 

Stultz, Charles A., Woodsboro. Md. 

Stultz, David M., Catonsville, Md. 

Swartwout, Frank A., Washington, 
D. C. 

Swope, George C, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Tavlor, Alfred H., Washington, 
D. C. 

Teas, Nellie, Milford, Del. 

Thomas, Wm. Dulany, Baltimore, 
Md. 

Thudichum, Carl L.. Roland Park, 
Md. 

Tvdeman, Emily F., Baltimore, Md. 

Wage, Arnold E, Albion, N. Y. 

W'aldran, Donna A., Baltimore, Md. 

Walton, Henry E., Baltimore, Md. 

Wareheim (Bagswell) Garaphelia, 
Sparrows Point, Md. 

Washburn, Mae L.. Baltimore, Md. 

Wessels, Asa L., Baltimore, Md. 

W^iley, Maurice G., Lacouia, N. H. 

Willey, Waitman T., Baltimore, Md. 

Wismer, J. Ward, Baltimore, Md. 

Wright, Nathaniel V., Baltimore, 
Md. 

Young, George I., Baltimore, Md. 



HTSTr)RY OF HO:M(Er)PATHY 173 



CHAPTER IV 

THE DETROIT HOMOEOPATHIC COLLEGE. 
By Daniel A. MacLachlan, M. D. 

The talk of a homoeopathic college in Detroit dates back almost to the 
beginning of the history 'of homceopathy in Michigan. It was natural that 
the first exponents of the new medical faith should think of devising some 
means of promulgating the new doctrines among the people, and what meas- 
ures so direct and efficient as a college in which the converts to the new faith 
should receive instruction in its theory and practice, and go out among the 
people to demonstrate in the oflfice and at the bedside the wonderful and be- 
nign curative power of medicines prescribed according to the law of similars. 

It therefore came about that with the very organization of the state uni- 
versity in ]\Iichigan, which comprised a college of medicine as one of its three 
organic departments, the adherents of the new medical cult began to dream 
and plan for recognition by the state through a branch of the university, either 
in Ann Arlior or elsewhere in the state. 

Finding that the regents of the university were not inclined to favor them 
in this, they turned to the state legislature for recognition and relief. The 
representatives of the people, with the true American spirit of that period, 
were not unmindful of the homoeopath's pleadings, and instructed the regents 
to establish a chair of homcEopathy in the university ; but the proposition met 
with such a storm of protest from physicians and adherents of the old scIkhiI 
that the regents were imj)elled to disregard the wishes and injunctions of 
even the lawmakers themselves, upon whom they depended for appropriations 
of money to support the university. Time after time the regents received 
similar orders from the legislature, but as often declined to carry out the 
-instructions. 

1 1 was perhaps to be expected that the difference of opinion as to the 
form (jf rec<jgnition most desirable from the state, and the best location for the 
l)ranch or department if one should be established by the regents, would create 
factions among men such as those who comprised the pioneers of homceopathy 
in the new state. Men willing to face professional ostracism and persecution 
for a principle they believed to be true were sure to be men of strong con- 
viction, strong character, and tenacity of purpose. I'nfortutiately, their fore- 
sight, which was all they had to direct them, was not keen or accurate. Fac- 
tions grew up, each holding to its own ideas as to what constituted the best 
interests of their loved faith. Feeling became so strong that two state nieil- 
ical societies were formed, each championing the cause of the college, and 
each holding diverse views as to what and where it should be located. Some 
favored a chair of h<im(VOi)athic materia medica and therapeutics in the allo- 
pathic de])artnient of the university; others, a medical school either upon the 
cam])us at Ann Arbor, or at some other city in the state, as a branch or lUp.irt- 
mcnt of the university. 

Thus Michigan becaiiu- a battle ground lutwrin tlie adherents ot' tile old 
:in<l new schools of medicini', upon whiih the conllict waged tiircei\ liuring 



174 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



the last half of the past century, and to which the eyes of the whole medical 
world turned to witness final victory or defeat for the new faith. That the 
result was one of ultimate triumph for the followers o£ the new creed there 
can be no denial, but on the other hand the victory was hardly so complete 
or decisive as many had hoped and expected. The enemy was left still in 
possession of the field, with enough of the fortress, arms and supplies to domi- 
nate the situation. 

In 1 87 1 the regents adopted the following resolution: "Resolved, That 
we approve of the efforts being made to establish a homoeopathic medical 
.school in Detroit (to be eventually connected with the universitv), and when 




Detroit Homoeopathic College. 



"we are authorized to make it a part of the university by law, with proper 
provision for its support, we will administer its affairs to the best of our 
abihty." 

Detroit was then, as now, the metropolis of the state, and the most suit- 
able place for a medical school. Acting on this promise of the regents, the 
friends of homoeopathy decided to establish a college in Detroit. Accordingly, 
a faculty was organized, composed, with one or two exceptions, of homoe- 
opathic physicians of Detroit, and steps were taken to o])on a homoeopathic 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 175 

college which was later on. when the regents were in position to consummate 
tlie arrangement, to be made a department of the university. 

The college was chartered and opened in 1871. It was located in the 
upper portion of the Detroit opera house building, having, as announced at 
the time, " ample accommodations for all purposes of the institution, including 
a large hall capable of seating four hundred students." The building was 
leased for a period of four years, and fitted up for the exclusive use of the 
college and a free dispensary for the treatment of the poor. 

During its first year it had a class of thirty-nine students, over half of 
whom had previously attended other medical colleges. 

Its first annual commencement exercises were held in the college hall 
June 27, 1872. The exercises were opened with prayer by the Rev. Mr. Mat- 
thews. After a selection of music by the orchestra, the president delivered an 
address, and then in due course came the conferring of degrees on the graduat- 
ing class, which numbered nineteen, comprising the majority of those mem- 
bers of the class who had previously attended other institutions. The follow- 
ing is the list of those who received the degree of M. D. on the occasion : 

D. P. Phillips, C. E. Stroud, C. E. Fisher, G. H. Clark, C. T. Hastings, S. 
Goodsell, L. Kent, S. F. Chase, H. P. \'anDusen, R. H. Chase. G. H. Mitchell, 
M. J. Spranger, J. M. Fraer, H. W. Gillv. E. P. BHnn, Miss A. F. Norton, 

E. N. Coon, M. H. Utley, M. D., and W.'^^I. Campbell, M. D. 

These students came from the following states : Michigan, Ohio, Wis- 
consin, Kentucky, New York, ]\Iaine and Canada. 

After the college degrees, had been conferred came the exercises of tlie 
Hahnemann Medical Institute, an organization of students of the college, 
which comprised a salutatory address by one of the professors, followed by 
the conferring of fellowship degree and diplomas of the society upon the 
graduating members of the institute. 

The commencement exercises concluded \\ith the valedictory address by 
H. P. VanDusen of New York, a member of the graduating class. 

In the evening a strawberry festival was given in the hall. '" which was 
largely attended by citizens, and proved a very enjoyable affair." 

The following physicians were represented on the faculty in its first year: 
L. Younghusband, E. R. Ellis. F. X. Spranger, L. M. Arnold. C. H. B. Kel- 
logg, C. Ormes and J. B. Spinney. The officers of the college were as fol- 
lows: L. Younghusband, M. D., president: E. R. Ellis. M. D., secretary: 
and C. Merrill, Esq., father-in-law of Ex. I'. S. Senator Thomas W. Palmer, 
treasurer. 

The fees of the college were made the same as in the university at that 
time; i. e., for residents of Michigan, $10.00 matriculation, and $io.ot") an- 
nual fee ; for students from other states and countries, $25.00 matricula- 
tion, and $10.00 annual fee. 

In the .second year the faculty was increased, some of the recent grail- 
uatcs becoming assistant jirofessors and thus adding materiall\ to the college 
curriculum. .At the close of the second vear, 187,^. the following persons 
received degrees: A. IT. T.Mvetl. IT. V. Sigler, C,.^ ]\. Peck. E. C. Fuller. 
Miss Kate C. Devi-rr. |. long. I). T.inkletter, F. rxuid. N. T. Newcomer, 
A. F. Rand.ill, I. 11. \Vheeler. C. M. (^dell. T. Turner. (^. T^". T.ong, L. I. 
McLin. Miss .\.' \\. .Mc(^raw, O. D. Kingslev. .\. G. Chase. ]. ). IVfendorf 
and E. L. Roberts (20). 

The graduates of 1S7.} wi-re: Jann-s .\. C(^«ik. 1^. A. r>ai;Iev. T. M. Hene- 



176 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

diet, J. E. Cross, David Foote, G. B. Gfegory, Edmund Ames, C. H. Col- 
grove, R. C. Pinkham, G. W. Powell, J. F. Wage, J. T. Thatcher, J. G. 
L. Lentz, A. Mitchell, ]. R. Nunn. R. M. Knox, W. H. Stover, J. W. Moliere, 
C. M. Ross, G. S. Catlin, Byron Defendorf and W. J. Mills (23). 

Those receiving degrees in 1875 were : \\\ W. Seely, G. C. Vincent, 
L. W. Godfrey, P. T. High, Miss E. A. Noble, F. A. Warren, George Dart, 
A. W. Jenkins, Fremont Soans, W. H. Roberts, A. B. Grant, W. B. Griswold, 
W. F. Houghton, R. F. McTavish, Miss M. E. Ives. Alex. Clark, W. F. 
Thatcher, Jason Steele and E. D. Weed (19). 

The college at this time was prosperous and with a bright future ahead, 
although the factious opposition that had existed from the beginning was 
still exerted. Had those who were thus opposing the school united their 
efforts with those who had first constituted the faculty and organized the col- 
lege, a little time and discrimination would have established a strong corps 
of teachers -and placed the college on a footing that would have made it one 
of the strongest and best of homoeopathic instituftons. As a department of 
the university, with the strong corps of teachers, who were familiar with the 
conditions in Michigan, with the state support, the only department of the 
university in the city, and with clinical facilities larger and better than could 
possibly exist elsewhere in the state, the promise and possibilities of the col- 
lege would be hard to overestimate. 

Connection witli a good hospital and clinical facilities were lacking, of 
course, in the beginning, but that was the situation in all, or nearly all, col- 
leges at that time, particularly in the western and newer states. Later events 
proved, however, that these were to be amply provided for in the erection and 
endowment of Grace Hospital, one of the largest, finest, and best equipped 
hospitals in the country. 

Meanwhile those who favored homoeopathic chairs at Ann Arbor kept 
up the fight for them in the successive legislatures at Lansing until finally, 
on April 21, 1875, they succeeded in having a law passed which directed the 
regents to appoint at least two homoeopathic professors at Ann Arbor, appro- 
priating $6,000.00 for their support. 

In connection with this a rider was attached to the appropriating bill 
which cut oft' the annual appropriation for the university from the state until 
the regents carried out the wishes of the legislature. In this way the regents 
were at last compelled to yield and made the appointments. This, of course, 
prevented them from carrying out their promises in regard to the resolution 
made in 1871, of making the Detroit college a department of the university. 

Under these circumstances the authorities of the Detroit Homoeopathic 
College thought best to suspend their school and give the Ann Arbor arrange- 
ment the fullest possible chance to succeed. Many persons were of the opin- 
ion that a complete department at Ann Arbor would ultimately grow out of 
the small beginning then made by the regents. The Detroit Homoeopathic 
College was therefore suspended May 6, 1875. 

The alumni of the .school at this time numbered eighty-two. (H the 
graduates of those early years, nearly all have since achieved success in the 
practice of their chosen profession in their respective fields, and have hon- 
ored the institution that graduated them. Many have become especially 
prominent in our own state and in other parts of the country, having distin- 
guished themselves in various ways, in both civil and professional life, as 
officers of societies and institutions, as authors, teachers, etc. 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 



177 



Among others whose names have become well known in Michigan are 
those of M. J. Spranger. Detroit ; O. R. Long, Ionia ; A. B. Grant, Albion : 
S. F. Chase, Caro; J. J. Defendorf, Ionia; Bvron Defendorf, Fowlerville; 
W. J. Mills, Howell ; E. C. Fuller, Pontiac ; E. A. Bagley, Alma ; J. C. Vin- 
cent, Deckerville ; H. G. Ide, Oxford ; A. B. Randall and J. R. Nunn, Port 
Huron, and L, I. McLin, St. Joseph ; Dr. C. E. Fisher, of Chicago, erstwhile 
editor, author, and professor, was a mertiber of the first class, and many other 
able representatives and exponents of homoeopathy are scattered throughout 
the great west who have also confered honor upon their alma mater. 

A goodly proportion of the homoeopaths of the state never felt satisfied 




\)y (' (■ Milkr. 



with conditions ;it .Aim Arl)or, and the opening and endowment of Grace 
Hosjjital under lionKeopathic aus])ices in iSSt) re-awakened interest in the 
project of a homceopathio college and faculty in IX'troit. 

Later on. growing out of tlie talk of "amalgamating" the honuvopathic 
chairs with the aUopatliic at Ann Arbor, an act was passed and sii;ned at 
Lansing, in !S<)5. directing the regeiUs to remove the honuvopathic sduxil to 
the city of Detroit, api)ropri;iting $_>5.(KX) for the erection of a ct>lk\i;e build- 
ing, to be connected with I irace Hospital and Dispensary, wliicb was to pro- 
vide for the clinical inslrnclioii of tlie stndents. Tlie rej,;ents. however, ile- 
clint'd to c;iir\ out ihr pi-ovisioiis of tbi' bill, wbicli iiu-ludcd the establishment 



178 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

of a complete colle^s^e and laboratories in the city, with a full faculty of 
salaried teachers, and thus the plan was frustrated. 

Following the refusal of the regents to remove the college, friends of 
homoeopathy in Detroit, as well as throughout the state, feeling the need of a 
school in the city to represent and further homoeopathic interests and to set 
at rest, if possible, the ever recurring question and danger of having to share 
Grace Hospital with the allopaths or of losing it entirely, and to utilize the 
facilities for clinical instruction afforded by the hospital, decided to re-open 
the Detroit Homoeopathic College. Accordingly, a faculty composed of more 
than thirty representative homoeopathic physicians, mainly of the citv, was 
organized, officers chosen, a college . building secured, an annual announce- 
^ment issued, and in September, 1899, the college was opened with a class of 
thirty students. 

The college announcement of that year contained the names of the fol- 
lowing well known members of the profession who comprised its teaching 
corps : 

Officers of the faculty: Daniel A. ]\iacLachlan, dean; H. P. Mera, vice-dean; R. C. 

Rudey, registrar; E. J. Kendall, assistant registrar. 
Members of the faculty : 
Theor>' and practice, C. C. Miller, W. R. McLaren, B. H. Lawson. O. Lang and J. M. 

Spranger. 
Materia medica. H. P. JNIera, S. A. Jones and E. J. Kendall. 
Surgery, H. L. Obetz. S. H. Knight and A. E. Gue. 
Gynecology. W. M. Bayley. C. G. Crumrine and E. T. Sinclair. 
Obstetrics, R. C. Rudy and R. M. Richards. 
Ophthalmology, otology and laryngology. D. A. IxIacLachlan. 
Neurology and electro-therapeutics, A. Graham. 
Paedology, G. C. Caron. 
Dermatology, J. M. Griffin. 

Anatomy, C. G. Crumrine, J. L Murray. J. VaiiHee and E. Spinney. 
Physiology, R. ^I. Richards and H. I\I. Robertson. 
Pharmacology, J. J. ^litchell. 

Chemistry, E. J. Kendall, G. I\I. Canfield and R. M. McKenna. 
Pathology, bacteriology and hislology. F. V. Home and F. P. ]\Iera, Jr. 
Sanitary science and hygiene. D. Long. 
Medical jurisprudence, J. Palmer, Jr.. LL. D. 
Dental surgery. J. M. Thompson, D. D. S. 

Board of trustees: C. C. IMiller, M. D.. president; H. P. ^lera. M. D., first vice-presi- 
dent; E H. Lawson. M. D.. second vice-president; S. H. Knight, M. D., secretary; 

D. A. iMacLachlan, M. D.. treasurer. 
Advisory beard of trustees: D. M. Ferrv, S. R. IMiller, J. T. Rich. M. S. Smith. T. W. 

Palmer. G. R. Angell, A. E. F. White. E. \V. Maddaugh. O. Goldsmith, R. B. Sibley, 

J. C. Smith, H. H. Muir, T. H. Newberry and O. N. Chaflfee. 
Board of censors: Dr. M. C. Sinclair of Grand Rapids; Dr. G. A. Robertson of Battle 

Creek; Dr. A. B. Cornell of Kalamazoo; Dr. A. W. Saxton of Jackson: Dr. L. M. 

Marvin of Muskegon: Dr. O. L. Randall of Petoskey : Dr. J. H. Cowell of Saginaw; 

Dr. A. H. Thompson of Lapeer ; Dr. A. F. Randall of Port Huron ; Dr. E. G. Folsom 

of Mt. Clemens ; Dr. R. L. Bentley of Stanton ; and Dr. M. H. Rorabacher of Battle 

Creek. 

The college adopted a high standard of medical education at the outset, 
a graded course of four years of seven months each being the curriculum 
adopted by the faculty, comprising didactic, laboratory and clinical instruc- 
tion, such as only the oldest and strongest medical schools of the country 
offered the student at that time. The college was affiliated with Grace Hos- 
pital and Dispensary, the major portion of the faculty being members of 
the staff. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



179 



From the first the college attracted a superior class of students, and its 
progress has been steadily onward to the present time, each year adding to 
its facilities and making more thorough its course of instruction^ until it 
ranks with the oldest and best homoeopathic schools of the country, having 
already surpassed several of the older colleges in point of number of students. 

In 190 1 the college authorities purchased and occupied the present com- 
modious and comfortable quarters, corner of Lafayette and Third avenues. 
The location has many advantages, which will become more and more ap- 
parent as the years go by. the management having considered the future as 
well as the present in selecting the permanent home of the college. 




Xiirsis I ramm^ iM'huul. 



JM-om an item in ilu- " Detroit Free Press" of July 21, i()i)i. wi' olip the 
following : 

" One of the best sales n[ the week was made ])y V.. W. .\bbott. he having 
sold the property at the southwest corner of Lafayette and Third avojuies, 
the property having a frontage of one hundred feet on Lafayette ami one 
hundred and thirty on Third avenue. The terms of the sale arc jirivato. so 
the purchase price cnuld not be learned, but the i)roperty is assesse»l at over 
$40,000. 

"This purchase is an evidence that one of Detroit's junior ednoatinnal 
institutions is jiushing to the front with r.ipid strides. The Detroit llonut- 
opatbie College, wbiob was orj^anized two years ag*) this numtb. has boon 
occupxing a building on Willis a\enne. but iov several niontbs the trustees 



180 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

have been on a still hunt for a better building, and yesterday's purchase is a 
result of this search. 

" When the college was first organized it was thought that a location in 
the vicinity of the hospital would be most suitable, but experience has demon- 
strated the wisdom of a downtown location, and it is thought that the site 
chosen will amply meet the present wants, particularly on account of its near- 
ness to the depots and to the tenement sections of the city, where accidents 
are more likely to occur. One of the advantages of the location decided upon 
is the easy access to street car lines and depots, an important point in locating 
a medical institution." 

A commodious free dispensary, located just at the rear of the college 
and facing Third avenue, was provided to supplement the regular medical 
and surgical clinics at Grace Hospital. Its proximity to the gradually grow- 
ing tenement districts down the river, where tens of thousands of men are 
employed in the factories, mills and docks, makes it an ideal location and one 
which in years to come will provide clinical and accident cases more than any 
medical school could possibly utilize. 

From the announcement of that year we clip the following important 
statement : " It is intended to make the Detroit Homoeopathic College one 
of the strongest in the land in the study of acute and accident surgery. The 
great need of the young physician is familiarity with the emergency and acute 
cases to which the first doctor accessible is usually called. Chronic operative 
cases come slowly, if at all, to him during the course of years. It is, there- 
fore, of the utmost importance that he be ready and competent to care for 
emergency cases in a skillful and scientific manner, so as to bring him reputa- 
tion and increased practice in that sort of cases, at the same time enabling 
him to avoid bad results and malpractice suits, which so often blast the repu- 
tation and permanently ruin the prospects of promising physicians." 

In the new college building ample room was provided for the various 
laboratories to which additional equipment was added at this time, amply 
providing for the practical scientific work in anatomy, chemistry and physi- 
ology, and particularly in the newer departments of pathology, bacteriology 
and histology. The equipment and work in these departments has steadily 
progressed until to-day the instruction given is of the most thorough charac- 
ter, being illustrated by the use of the microscope and the culture tube in the 
hands of competent and enthusiastic instructors. 

The clinical instruction is still conducted mainly in the o])erating rooms 
and wards of Grace Hospital. Practical obstetrical work is also provided in 
the hospital by the professors in charge of that department. In the college 
dispensary out-door clinic, which is held from eleven until one o'clock daily, 
ample material is provided, and as was anticipated this supplements the hos- 
pital work in providing actual practice for students in attending the large 
number of chronic cases at the disperisary and in caring for poor patients in 
actual sickness at their homes. 

The members of the house stafif of Grace Hospital are selected almost 
entirely from the graduating classes of the college, so that students who wish 
lo take extended clinical study and practice are thus provided with the oppor- 
tunity 

A few words concerning (iracc Hospital, whicli has contributed so much 
to make the Detroit ITonKTeopathic College successful, may not be amiss. 

The Grace Hospital bad its inception in 1886. when Hon. James McMil- 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



181 



Ian and the Hon. John S. Newberry decided to erect and equip such a hos- 
pital as the necessities of Detroit at the time urgently demanded. Mr. Amos 
Chaffee was also associated with IMessrs. jNIc^Millan and Newberry as one of 
the founders, and donated the lot upon which the hospital stands, as well as 
the lot occupied by the nurses' home, on the opposite corner. ^Mr. Newberry 
died before the work was begun, but his wishes were carried out by the estate; 
The hospital building was commenced in 1887, incorporated November 28, 
1888, and was opened for the reception of patients on December 6 of the year 
last mentioned. Originally the building contained seven wards for adults, 
two children's wards and twenty-one private rooms, the latter of which were 




Dr. 1). A. MacLachlan. Doan. 

cquip])i(l ami Inniishcd by ladies of the city. The wards are large, light and 
airy, all huill after the open wing style with liglit on three sides. 

The elegant nurses' home, opposite the luispital, was built in n)oo. and is 
consifjered one of the finest luirses' homes in the country. The space in the 
hospital vacated by the nurses was at the time remodeled into private rooms 
for patients. 

The hospital building, which is of rock faced stone ami brick, six stories 
in height, was built at a cost of nearly $Joo,cx^), which sum was oontributoil 
by the- founders. In addition, from the same sources, an endowment fund of 
$i()(),(K)() was provitU'd, to which has been added an endowment oi $Jix\ixX) 
liy the l"( illdwing donors: James McMillan, 1 IcK'ii 11. W-wbenv, P. M. 



182 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

Ferry, W. C. McMillan, M. S. Smith, H. Kirk White, Thomas Ferguson, T. 
H. Newberry et al., George H. Hammond, Jr., Amos Chaffee, Ransom Gillis, 
Henry A. Newland, Don M. Dickinson, A. E. F. White, E. S. Barbour and 
J. B. Mulliken. 

Since the above subscriptions were made to the endowment fund, the 
following special donations and endowments have been given to the hospital ; 
Mrs. Nelson Avery, 1892, special donation of $1,000; j\Ir. Alanson Sheley, 
1893, special donation of $500; Mrs. E. T. Barbour, 1903, endowed room, 
$10,000; the Hospital Association of the teachers of the public schools of 
Detroit, 1902, endowed room, $10,000; ladies of the Maccabees of Michigan, 
1901, endowed bed, $5,000; Mr. Eldridge M. Fowler, 1904, for education of 
nurses, $10,000. 

Sundry smaller donations of money and improvements have been made 
from time to time, among which may be mentioned a fully equipped ambu- 
lance, by Mrs. W. C. jNIcAIillan ; in 1893, ^^^ escapes and balconies by the 
Hon. James McMillan; in 1890, an ambulance horse, by Mrs. Hugh Mc^Iil- 
lan; in 1904, redecorating of nurses' home interior, by Mrs. J. S. Newberry. 

The present board of trustees is as follows : Dexter M. Ferry, president ; 
Truman H. Newberry, first vice-president ; Charles A. Dean, second vice- 
president ; William C. McMillan, treasurer; S. J. Groneman, secretary for 
the board ; H. Kirk White, M. T. Conklin, Cleveland Hunt, Hamilton Car- 
hartt, Elisha H. Flinn, Hon. Don M. Dickinson, Phillip H. McMillan. Wil- 
liam T. Barbour and John S. Newberry. 

The last medical staff confirmed by the board of trustees (July 21, 1904) 
is as follows : Executive officer, H. L. Obetz, M. D. ; attending surgeons, O. 
LeSeure, M. D.. H. L. Obetz, M. D., S. H. Knight, A. M., M. D., Arthur 
E. Gue, M. D., G. P. Cooley, M. D. rectal surgeon C. G. Crumrine, M. D. ; 
junior attending rectal surgeon, John Vanhee ; gynaecologist, O. LeSeure, 
M. D.. H. L. Obetz, M. D., S. H. Knight. A. M., M. D., C. G. Crumrine, 
M. D. ; ophthalmic and otological surgeons, Harold Wilson, M. D., D. A. 
MacLachlan M. D. ; attending phvsicians, R. C. Olin, M. D., C. C. Miller, 
M. D., G. G. Caron, M. D., B. H. Lawson, M, D., M. J. Spranger, M. D. ; 
jimior attending phvsicians, E. J. Kendall, M. D. ; attending obstetricians, R. 
C. Olin, M. D.r C C. Miller, M. D., R. C. Rudy. M. D., E. L. Orleman, M. 
D. ; dermatologists, J. M. Griffin. "M. D., R. H. Stevens, M. D. ; neurologist, 
Alfred Graham, M. D. 

The present superintendent is Dr. Warren H. Babcock, under whose 
supervision extensive alterations and improvements have been made in the 
hospital during the past year, and who has prepared the plans for another 
building which the board of trustees propose to erect, to connect with the 
present Imilding on the east side. This will provide another large operating 
amphitheatre and several private operating rooms, also anesthetic and recov- 
ery rooms, a new ambulance entrance, two floors of private rooms. X-ray 
and electric rooms, new store-rooms, etc. 

Since its erection changes have been made in the hospital, so that at 
present it contains fifty private rooms, most of which are elegantly fur- 
nished, and seventy ward beds. Its arrangement and equipment are modern 
throughout, having electric passenger and freight elevators, a complete sys- 
tem of hospital telephones, automatic switches, with sixteen stations connect- 
ing the office with every room in the building and in the nurses' home ; complete 
independent system of fire protection, including standpipe running from elec- 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 183 

trie pump in the basement to two large tanks in the attic, with fire hose 
attached to spur on each floor; appliances for the quick distribution of food 
and supplies to all parts of the hospital; modern and complete system of ven- 
tilation; its own electric light plant, etc. The heat and power is supplied by 
steam from the Central Heating company's plant, the equipment being re- 
cently installed and doing away entirely with the use of furnaces or boilers 
in the building. 

The hospital is general in scope, comprising in addition to the private 
rooms and wards for patients, a maternity and babies' ward with confinement 
room, etc., and modern -facilities for medical and surgical work of every 
character. 

The officers, boards and teaching corps of the college as constituted at 
present in the various departments are as follows : 

Officers of the college: C. C. Miller, M. D., president; S. H. Knight, "SL D.. secretary; 

D. A. MacLachlan, M. D., dean; J. M. Griffin, M. D., registrar; E. J. Kendall, M. D., 

assistant registrar. 
Board of trustees: C. C. Miller, S. K. Knight, D. A. }kIacLachlan, R. C. Olin and Alfred 

Robinson. 
Advisory board of trustees: D. M. Ferrv. S. R. Miller. John T. Rich. T. W. Palmer, 

A. E. F. White, O. N. Chaffee, Alexander McVittie, O. Goldsmith, F. B. Sibley, J. H. 

Muir, J. C. Smith, Jr., T. H. Newberry and Hamilton Carhartt. 
Board of censors : Dr. G. A. Roberts of Battle Creek. Dr. A. B. Cornell of Kalamazoo, 

Dr. L. R. Marvin of Muskegon. Dr O. L. Ramsdell of Petoskey, Dr. R. L. Bentley of 

Stanton. Dr. W. E. Clark of Three Rivers. Dr. H. M. Warren of Jonesviile, Dr. N. 

R. Gilbert of Bay City, Dr. ^Nl. C. Sinclair of Grand Rapids, Dr. S. F. Chase of Caro. 

Dr. A. H. Thompson of Lapeer and Dr. A. F. Randall of Port Huron. 
Faculty professors and lecturers : 

Theory and practice of medicine, Prof. R. C. Olin, M. D., and F. C. Thompson. 
Materia niedica, Prof. E J. Kendall, M. D., G. W. Augustin. M. D., and J. C. Martin. M. D. 
Surgery, Prof. H. L. Obetz, M. D., Prof. S. H. Knight, M. A., M. D., Prof. A. E. Gue. 

M. D., and J. I. Murray, M. D. 
Gynaecology, Prof. M. W. Bailey, M. D., and Prof. C. G. Crumrine. M. D. 
ObMttrics, Prof. C. C. Miller, M. D., and Prof. R. C. Rudy, M. D. 
Ophthalmology, otology and laryngology. Prof. D. A. MacLachlan, M. D. 
Electro-therapeutics, Prof. J. ^L Griffin, M. D.. and Prof. S. H. Wright, M. D. 
Neurology, Prof. A. Graham, M. A., M. D., LL. D. 
Paedology, Prof. G. G. Caron. M. D. 
Dermatology, Prof. J. M. Griffin, M. D. 
Anatomy, Prof. J. L Murrav. M. D., Prof John VanHec. M. D.. W. H. Price. M. D., 

and E. C. Hoff. M. D. 
Physiology, H. G. Bcvinpton, M. D.. and C. C. Wright, M. D. 
Pharmacology, J. J. Mitchell. 

Chemistry, G. P. Meyers, M. A., M. D., and G. A. Ransom. 
Bacteriolrgy. G. R Cruick'-hank. B. A.. M. D. 
Pathology, Prof. Bruce Anderson. M. D 
Histology, F. E. Thompson, M. p. 
Sanitary science and hygiene, H. O. Mc^L^hon, M. D. 
Medical jurisprudence, Prof. Jonatlian Palmer, Jr., LL. B. 
Dental surgery, H. A. Currie. D. D. S. 
Special lectures, D. J. Sinclair, M. D., of Woodstock, Ontario, and (^. Lan^. M 1>. it 

Detroit. 

Among the .several college organizations mention may be niaile ol the 
Hahnemannian SVcietv. whidi is comprised of a majority of students of all 
the classc*:. It liolds monthly meetings during the college session, at which 
papers are read bv .--tndents and others, followeil by music and social enjoy- 
ments. Formal exercises are helil at the close of the school year, at wliich 
time also diplomas j'.re awanletl \o members who graduate at the term then 



184 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



just ended. The present officers of the society are Prof. C. G. Caron, presi- 
dent; W. G. Patterson, vice-president; Mrs. Bertha C. Day, secretary; L. M. 
Jones, treasurer. 

There are two student fraternities in connection with the college, formed 
several years ago, and which number in their membership most of the stu- 
dents. 

The Vertebra Sexta chapter of the Ustian fraternity is the older of the 
two, and includes a number of younger members of the profession in the 
city who were members of the fraternity in other colleges. The officers of 
the chapter are: G. P. Meyers, M. D., worthy encephalon ; W. G. Patterson, 
worthy medulla ; W. E. Woodbury, calamus scriptorius ; L. M. Jones, tor- 




(irace Hospital 



clear herophili ; M. G. Gofif, optic thalami ; J. L. Asseline, pons varolii ; J. B. 
Hodge, corpora (|uadrigemina; G. H. Stevens, corpora (puidrigemina. 

The Alpha Sigma is the other society, a flourishing organization, hav- 
ing also a number of representatives among the profession in the city. Its 
officers are G. R. Koessler, alpha ; A. E. Henwood, delta ; W. H. Berry, 
gamma ; H. James, mentor. 

Both organizations are alive to the interests of their, college, and each 
serves in its own way to cultivate the spirit of comraderie and loyalty so essen- 
tial to the faculty and students of any school. 

The Ladies' Aid Society of the Free Dispensary of the Detroit Homoe' 
opathic College, consisting of a numlicr of laclics who are associated to pro- 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



185 



vide funds for the free dispensary, was organized about the time the new 
college building was occupied. Its members have been enthusiastic and zeal- 
ous in their efforts to promote the philanthropic and educational work of the 
college dispensary, and merit as well as possess the appreciation and thanks 
of the authorities and friends of the college. The present officers of the society 
are Mrs. James Wilkie, president; Airs. Frank Roehm, vice-president; Mrs. 
Fred Wardwell, secretary ; Mrs. Bruce Anderson, treasurer. 

The annual commencement exercises of the college, held in the Detroit 
opera house, have become one of the attractive educational events in the citv, 
when the hall is filled with representative citizens who appear to enjoy and 
appreciate to the fullest extent the interesting exercises of conferring diplomas 
on the successful candidates for graduation, made still more attractive and 
entertaining by an elaborate programme of excellent addresses and first-class 



music. 



The annual banquet of the alumni, held in the evening following the com- 
mencement exercises, has also become an important feature of the college 
work, as it annually brings back goodly numbers of the alumni of the college, 
who unite with the members of the faculty and graduating class in celebratin"- 
in this happy way of banquet and toasts and social reunion, the beginning of 
another college year. 

ALUMNI DETROIT HOMOEOPATHIC COLLEGE. 



1872. 

D. P. Phillips. 
C. E. Stroud. 

C. E. Fisher, Chicago, Ills. 

G. H. Clark, Philadelphia, Pa. 

C. J. Hastings. 

S. Goodsell. 

L. Kent. 

S. F. Chase, Caro, Mich. 

H. P. VanDusen. 

R. H. Chase. 

G. H. Mitchell. 

M. J. Spranger, Detroit, Mich. 

J. M. Freer. 

H. W. Gillcy, Ottawa. Kan. 

E. P. Blinn. Magdakna. .\. Mexico. 
Miss A. F. Norton. 

E. N. Coon, l)e Rnvtor. X. V. 
M. H. Utley. 
W. M. Campl)cll. 

A. H. Lovett. 

II. F. Sigler. 

E. C. Fuller, Ponliac. .Midi. 

Kate C. Devere. 

J. Long, St. Josepli, Mil. 

I). I.inkleller, Manhassit, X. \'. 

I'". Itond, Verniillii)n, < )hi(i • 

G. 11. IVck. 

N. J. Newcomer, I'orl llurnn, Mich. 

J. II. Wlieeler, Pittsfiehl, Mass. 

C. M. Odell. 

J. Turner, Jleuvelton, N. \. 

(). R. l.oiig, IiMiia, Mich 

L. I M.-I ill, .St. Jos.pli, Mo. 



Anna M. IMcGraw. 

C. D. Kingslej'. 

A. G. Chase. 

J. J. Defendorf, Ionia, Mich. 

E. L. Roberts. 

1874. 
J. A. Cook. 

E. A. Bagley, Alma, Mich. 
T. M. Bennett. 
J. E. Cross. 

David Foote, Battle Creek, Mich. 
G. B. Gregory. 
Edmund Ames. 
C. H. Coigrove. 
R. C. Pinkham. 
G. W. Powell. 
J. F. Wage, Buffalo, N. Y. 
J. T. Thatcher, Chanipagne. Ohio. 
J. W. Moliere. San Francisco, Cal. 
C. E. Ross. 
J. G. L. Lentz 

Austin Mitchell, Fond du Lac. Wis. 
J. R. Nunn, Port Huron. M\ch. 
R. M. Knox, .Atchison. Kan. 
Wm. H. Stover, Tiffin. Ohio 
G. S. Catlin. 

Hvron nefendt)rf, Fowlerviile. Mich. 
W I. Mills. Howell. Mich. 
II (i l.le. Oxford. Mich. 

1S75. 
W. W. Seely. 

G. C N'incent, nickerville. Mich 
L. W. Btulfrev. 
P. T. Hinli. 
Elizabeth A. \oMr 



180 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



F. A. Warren, Tekonska, Mich. 

George Dart. 

A. W. Jenkins. 

Fremont Soans. 

W. H. Roberts. 

A. B. Grant, Albion, Mich. 

W. H. Griswold. 

W. F. Houghton. 

R. F. McTavish. 

Mary E. Ives. 

Alex. Clark. 

W. F. Thatcher. 

Jason Steele. 

E. D. Weed. 

1900. 
L. P. Anderson, Detroit, Mich. 
'J. M. Blackman, Quincy, Mich. 
A. G. Doty, Frontier, Mich. 
Lillian Follinbee. 
Anna C. Martin, Detroit, Mich. 
Paul Thompson, Lapeer, Mich. 

1901. 
Bruce Anderson, Detroit, Mich. 
C. H. Burton, Muskogee, L T. 
H. D. Obert, Detroit, Mich. 

F. D. Strieker, Portland, Oregon. 

1902. 
C. A. Martin, Mt. Clemens, Mich. 
C. S. Strain, Rochester, Mich. 
L. S. C. Wendt, Detroit, Mich. 
Francis M. Way, Detroit, Mich. 
H. O. McMahon, Detroit, Mich. 
W. K. Hoffmann. 

1903. 
F. A. Kelly, Detroit, Mich. 



Ora A. Wigle, Brooklyn, N. V. 
N. A. Mallory, Howell, Mich. 
A. E. Bowles, Chicago, Ills. 
C. P. Brown, Detroit, Mich. 
A. G. Studer, Detroit, Mich. 
A. D. McKenny, Bancroft, Mich. 

F. B. Fisk, North Adams, Mich. 
C. A. Reinbolt. Brooklyn, Mich. 
E. A. Orr, Guilford, Mich. 

J. C. Martin, Detroit, Mich. 

E. H. Bailey, Harbor Beach, Mich. 
C. R. Lawson, Detroit, Mich. 

H. H. Van Tuyl, Ionia, Mich. 

1904. 
R. E. Miller, Detroit, Mich. 

G. B. Stall, Detroit, Mich. 
L. F. Webb, Detroit. Mich. 

C. B. Lashuay, Monroe, Mich. 
N. S. Hilty, Blufton, Ohio. 

H. A. Barbour, Wyandotte, Mich. 

F. B. Broderick, Detroit, Mich. 

D. M. Bigelow, Detroit, Mich. 

1905. 
W. G. Patterson, Detroit, Mich. 
W. S. Cody, Windsor, Ont. 
Mrs. I. J. Wetmore, Holland, Mich. 
Nastace N. Barakat, Syria. 
C. C. Sears, Quincy, Mich. 
M. G. Goff, Butler. Pa. 
C. A. Bromley, Rochester, Mich. 

G. L. Koessler, Beaver Falls, Pa. 
A. M. Hutton, Detroit, Mich. 

A. I. Henwood, Dowagiac, Mich. 
G. H. Stevens, Syracuse, N. Y. 



HISTORY OF HO^ICEOPATHY 



CHAPTER V 

COLLEGI-: OF HOMEOPATHIC MEDICINE OF THE STATE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA. 

By George Royai, ^I. D., Dean. 

In order to obtain the clearest conception of all the forces which have 
been operative in the establishing and maintaining of. this school of homce- 
opathy, it seems best to divide them into the three following classes : 

1st. The material forces: whence, where and how obtained. 

2d. The personal forces : the men who have been officers, professors 
and instructors in the college. 

3d. The curriculum : its development. 

To the homoeopathic profession of the state belongs the credit not only 
of having foreseen the benefits which have accrued to homoeopathy by the 
establishment of a homoeopathic medical department* (as it was called when 
first established in the state university) but also of having deliberately 
planned fof and secured the college. The Hahnemann Medical Association 
of Iowa is the official name of the organization through which the profes- 
sion of the state wrought in accomplishing its object. So closely connected 
are this association and the college that it is impossible to write the history 
of the one without a great part of that of the other. 

The association was organized in 1870 under the name of " Homoe- 
opathic Society of Iowa." Dr. E. A. Guilbert of Dubuque sent out a letter 
inviting a few homreopathic physicians of the state to meet at Des Moines 
for the purpose of holding a conference to promote the interests of homoe- 
opathy. The result of their deliberation was the organization of the Homoe- 
opathic Society of Iowa, the election of officers and also of a legislative 
committee, whose members were instructed to confer with the regents of 
the university for the purpose of establishing a homoeopathic department in 
the university. 

At the annual meeting held at Davenport. May 22 and 23, 1879, the 
homoeopathic society, having obtained a charter from the state, changed the 
name to " Hahnemami Medical Association of Iowa." which is the official 
title at the present writing — 1905. 

The only surviving charter member of the association is Oiarles H. 
Cogswell, M. D., of Cedar Rapids, professor emeritus of obstetrics and 
gynecology in the college at the present time. 

Again and again did the officers of the association go before the regents 
and ask that two chairs of homoeopathy be established and maintained, as 
in the College of Liberal Arts, but the regents refused to grant the request. 
At the annual meeting in 1872 a committee kjiown as the legislative com- 
mittee was appointed to go before the legislature and ask it to direct the 
regents to establish the two desired chairs and appropriate money for tlie 
support of the same. Drs. E. A. CuilhTrt of nubu(iue. W. II. Dickinson of 

* Tlie official name was " 1 loind-opalliic Meilical IVpartnunt of tlir Slatr l'i\ivcrsity 
of Iowa" till 11)00. when it was clianiksed to " ('ollene of Umna^oiKUlnc Mcdioinc of th«* 
State University of Iowa." 



188 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATH^' 

Des Moines, and C. H. Cogswell, then of Clinton, constituted that commit- 
tee. They had a bill drafted which was presented to the general assembly in 
1874. The bill was looked after all through the session, but was defeated 
on the final vote. The committee again appealed to the regents, and again 
their request was refused. Nothing daunted, these determined men pre- 
sented their bill to the general assembly in 1876, and again urged its pas- 
sage. The dominant school had several members in the legislature and the 
fight was a bitter one. After many amendments and substitutes had been 
ofifered, some of which were defeated and others of which were successful, 




Lahoralurv llall 



the following was finally passed as a rider to the appropriation bill for the 
biennial support of the university. The record may be found in the " Laws 
of Iowa, Sixteenth General Assembly," Chapter 168, Senate File 103, and 
reads as follows : 

" The board of regents of said university are hereby authorized and 
directed to establish a department of homoeopathy in connection with the 
medical department of said university as soon as practicable, to consist of 
two chairs, and may appropriate the sum of $4,100 for the payment of two 
professors and the necessary appurtenances to the said medical chairs." 

The physicians of the dominant school and their friends fought to the 
end, making their last stand by moving to strike out this second section of 



HISTORY OF H0MCF:0PATHY 



18^ 



the appropriation bill. The motion was made by Senator Dashiell. The 
record of the roll call is as follows : 

'■ Ayes : Bestow, Campbell. Conaway, Dashiell, Graham. Hebard, Mc- 
Cord, McCormack, ^liVier of Appanoose, Pease, Perkins, Teale, Williams, 
Woolson and Young. Total — 15. 

" Nays — Arnold. Bailey, Carr, Clark, Cooley, Davis, Dowell, Gallup, 
Gilmore, Harmon, Jessup, Kinne, Larrabee. Lovell, Maginnis, Z^Ierrell of 
Clinton. Merrill of Wapello. ]\Iiller of Black Hawk, ^Mitchell. Xewton, 
Nichols, Rothart, Rumple, Thornburg, Willett, Wilson, Worm, ^^'right and 
Wood. Total — 29. 

''Absent or not voting: Hartshorn. Hessey, Hitchcock. :\Iurphv and 
Stineman. Total — ^." 




\Vilin..i II. Dickinson, Ml). 

i he l»i!l was passed (ni the lolh of l'Y'bruar\ , 1S77, and was at once 
signed by the govfrnor. 

The legislature having thus creatcii a (lopartment of luMua-opathy and 
"directed" the regents to put it into operation, the legislative oommitteo of 
the Jiahneinann Medical Associ.ition of Iowa then began its labor with the 
medical committee of the Ixxard of regents, urging that suitable nuarti-rs be 
prepared b\ the opening <.f the next session of the miiversity. .Ml the avail- 
able room in I'h' univcisitv buildings was crowded, and nothing conlil bo 
Secnrcd on llir r;nnpn>^. ibis sti-nu-d a reasonable excuse, and that the "as 



190 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

soon as practicable " of the bill was a good way off ; but after several con- 
ferences a room in the city over a store was rented and furnished with a 
desk and a few chairs. At the annual meeting- in June, 1877, the regents 
elected two professors — one of materia medica and one of theory and prac- 
tice. The salary of each was to be $950.00 per year. On Oct. 24, 1877, ^ 
class of students met these two professors, who were the first to teach 
homoeopathy in the University of Iowa. There were eight students that 
first day, and ten more entered the first class during the year. Of these, 
one, S. A. 'Owen, M. D., received an ad eundein degree March 6, 1878. 
This was the first degree conferred to a homoeopathist by the State Uni- 
versity of Iowa. 

During the summer of 1878 there was built for the department a brick 
'building 50 x 25 feet, tv/o stories high. The building was erected across the 
street east of the campus, and on a lot owned by the university. The lower 
room of this building was used for a lecture room, and in it the lectures on 
materia medica and practice were delivered and the clinics were held. In 
the upper room was the dean's office, used also as his private office. In all 
other subjects the students of the homoeopathic department were instructed 
together with the students of the medical department in other buildings of 
the university. 

The only clinics which could be held in the above mentioned building 
were of necessity with out-door patients. There was no operating room for 
major operations in surgery or gynecology; neither was there any oppor- 
tunity for obstetrical clinics. The only place where any instruction from 
clinics could be obtained was at a small hospital under the charge of the 
sisters of mercy, and this was given by professors of the medical depart- 
ment, who at this time did everything in their power to belittle the principles 
of homoeopathy. For these reasons an attempt was made in 1879 to establish 
a chair of surgery in the homoeopathic department. The regents were 
unable to furnish the required room, were unwilling to provide for a salary 
for a surgeon, but were willing that Dr. A. E. Rockey should act as surgeon 
free of charge. This Dr. Rockey cheerfuly agreed to; but as there were 
neither supplies nor room, there were no patients, and the chair was abol- 
ished. Again in 1881 the legislative committee and professors of the depart- 
ment urged the regents to provide rooms for a hospital and elect a professor 
of surgery. They elected George F. Roberts professor and agreed to see 
what could be done for rooms ; but not being able to procure them, the regents 
rescinded their action as to the election of a professor before the term 
opened m September. 

All attempts to secure more room for clinical purposes were futile till 
1887, when the Hahnemann Medical Association of Iowa again came to the 
assistance of the department. At the annual meeting of the association, 
held in Des Moines in May, 1887, there was created a permanent committee 
of the association known as the university committee. The duties of the 
committee were to visit the department, ascertain its needs and supply them 
as far as possible, and to make an annual report to the association. Fred- 
erick Becker of Clermont, B. Banton of Waterloo, and J. E. King of El- 
dora, were the first members of the committee. In June, 1887, this com- 
mittee went to Iowa City, the seat of the university, met the regents and the 
two professors, asked that J. G. Gilchrist, M. D., who had been giving lec- 
tures on surgical pathology and therapeutics, be made professor of surgery, 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 191 

and that C. H. Cogswell, M. D., lecturer on diseases of children, be made 
professor of obstetrics and diseases of children. They also asked the regents 
to provide salaries for the two new professors. This the regents granted, but 
when the committee asked for suitable rooms in which to conduct clinics 
they were informed that that was impossible. Nothing daunted, the com- 
mittee, under the leadership of the newly elected professor of surgery, 
organized what was called The Hospital Association. The first officers were 
as follows : President, Levi Robinson ; vice-president, B. Banton, M. D. ; 
secretary, J. G. Gilchrist, -M. D. ; treasurer, A. E. Swisher ; executive com- 
mittee. Prof. A, N. Currier, G. W. Dodder and A. C. Cowperthwaite, M. D. 
The Hospital Association was incorporated under the laws of the state. At 
the same time the women of the churches of Iowa City met and after due 
deliberation organized a Hospital Aid Society. These two societies, work- 
ing together, rented a dwelling house on Iowa avenue, solicited donations 
of money and furniture, and had the first hospital of the department ready 
for patients Sept. i, 1887. Of the furnishings, the regents provided seats 
for the clinic room, a wooden operating table and a blackboard. The first 
matron. Airs. E. P. Green, was the wife of an undergraduate student. The 
hospital had a capacity for ten patients. 

Perhaps a word in explanation of the reluctance on the part of the regents 
to provide hospital facilities would not be out of place at this point and would 
prevent doing them an injustice. 

Iowa City is a small town ; there are no large cities in the immediate 
vicinity ; the dominant school of medicine had a hospital, and it was feared 
by all that there would not be sufficient material for two clinics. Time has 
proven, however, that such fears were groundless, and at present the regents 
are equally friendly and generous to the hospitals of both colleges of med- 
icine. 

The dwelling-house hospital, under the management of the Hospital As- 
sociation and without any expense -to the regents, was continued till 1890. 
when, through the Hahnemann Medical Association of Iowa, something better 
was secured. At the annual meeting in May. 1890, the association voted to 
donate all the money then in its treasury for the purpose of building an addi- 
tion to the department building. It aiso voted to ask the members of the 
association and of the profession of the state to donate the proceeds of the 
first Monday of September for the same purpose. The amount proved suffi- 
cient to build a kitchen and dining-room on the first floor and a bath room 
and two other small rooms on the second floor. The other rooms of the 
second floor were vacated by the faculty and the entire upper story was util- 
ized for beds for patients. The operating room was the lower lecture room, 
the patients were carried iip stairs on the shoulders of students after the 
operations. Nevertheless, this was a great step in advance, and the depart- 
ment felt rich in its new quarters. The Hospital Association turned over all 
its furnittire and cflFccts to the department hospital and then terminated its 
organization. The members of the faculty of the houKvopathic department, 
under the name of the hosjMtal staff, then assumed the nian.igement oi the 
hospital. The stafT em[)loye(l a superintendent, alUnved her a certain amount 
per week for each patient, and let her charge the jiatients enough extra to 
remunerate herself. In other words, the patients were farnul out. 

Two xears in tlu'se quarters jirovcd that even they were far ti^-i small, 
and the le<jislative cc^nmittee of the Hahnemann Medical Association of Town 



192 



HISTORY OF HO:SI(EOPATHY 



again began work with the legislature for the purpose of securing a new 
building which would not only give 1:)etter hospital facilities, but better lecture 
rooms and accommodations for the student body and professors. The mem- 
bers of the legislative connnittee at this time were C. H. Cogswell of Cedar 
Kapids, George Roval of Des Moines, and A. P. Hanchett of Council Blufifs. 
The committee worked with the legislative committee of the board of regents. 
A certain amount of money was asked of the general assembly, and the com- 
mittee of the Hahnemann' Medical Association of Iowa was assured by the 
committee of the regents that if the appropriation was secured the homoe- 
opathic department should have the desired building. The university was 
sadly in need of more room for every department. The amount asked of the 




Charlfs H. Cogswell, -M.D. 

assembly was so large that it staggered the members of the legislature and 
resulted in a failure to get anvthing. 

, In 1894 the regents decided to concentrate all their eftorts m an attempt 
to secure a new building for the College of Liberal Arts, and refused to ask 
anvthing for the homoeopathic department. The legislative committee ot the 
Hahnemann Medical Association of Iowa, composed of the same men as in 
1892 drafted a bill of its own, went before the different committees and pre- 
sented its cause. The bill had its ups and downs, but was closely watched 
all winter and finally was passed, giving the department $15,000 for the pur- 
pose of erecting a new building. The monev was expended upon the walls 



HISTORY OF HO:\ICEOPATHY 103 

and lower story, and the same committee in 1896 helped secure from the 
legislature enough money to finish the building and equip it. 

Much of the credit for the success of the work in the legislature is due 
Representatives Ranck of Johnson county, Blanchard of ^^lahaska and Young 
of Calhoun. The latter, a physician of the dominant school, was so broad- 
minded and liberal in his views, so just as a man and so conscientious in his 
duties as a legislator, that he won the admiration not only of his fellow legis- 
lators but also of the legislative committee of the Hahnemann Medical Asso- 
ciation of Iowa, which presented his name to the association at its next meet- 
ing, asking the association to send him a special vote of thanks. This the 
association gladly did. and Representative Young (now S.enator Young) told 
the writer while looking over the building with him in 1904, that his work 
for this cause and the appreciation of it was one of the most satisfactory of 
his long legislative experience. 

As soon as the governor had signed the bill the dean of the college. W. 
H. Dickinson, and the chairman of the legislative committee of the Hahne- 
mann Medical Association of Iowa. George Royal, went before the regents 
and urged that work on the new building begin at once. The regents received 
them cordially, gave them the privilege of selecting the site for the building, 
and also asked for an outline of a plan for the proposed building. In fact, 
from that time on the regents have worked in the most hearty accord with 
the officers of the college and hospital in promoting the welfare of both. 

The site selected was the northwest corner of what was formerly the 
public square of Iowa City, and which had just been deeded to the university. 
On April 5. 1895, the board of regents and the members of the faculty decided 
upon the site, and at the same time the regents advertised for bids for the 
erection of the building. So rapidly was all the work pushed that on January 
3, 1896, the lower floor of both hospital and college was ready for occupancy. 
Invitations were sent out. and at the dedication the house was filled. Speeches 
were made by the dean. W. H. Dickinson: by the chairman of the university 
committee, F. Becker, M. D. : bv the chairman of the legislative committee. 
George Royal: by Professors J. G. Gilchrist. C. H. Cogswell. F. J. Xewberry 
and others. A banquet was held in the dining-room of the new hospital. 
The feast closed by all uniting in singing the following to the tune of " John 
Brown's Body." The words were written for the occasion h\ Dean Dick- 
inson. 

"After years of patient waitint?, we have won. at last, our tiplii : 
For wc battled for the truth, for justice and for right. 
And we marshaled all our strength and in union showed our might. 
And we still go marching on. 

Chorus — Glory, glory, hallelujah, etc. 

"We had no divided councils as they had in Micliigan, 
Rut pushed right hnldly onward with a well consideretl plan. 
With .1 li'.ider .it the O.pital. a right good Royal man. 

And wc all went marching on. 
Chorus. 

"Our cause is vtill ailvauciiig; u\ay it ueilher pau>e nor st,iy. 
Still achieving, ^lill )Musuiug, till its foes .ire hroughi lo hay: 
Till ' Simililntv ( nranliu ' he the law that all olu-y. 

And ue still gn m.inhiug i>u " 
Chorus. 



194 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



This was a happy day for the friends of homoeopathy in Iowa. Two 
years later we again had a meeting and banquet, when the upper stories of 
the hospital and the amphitheatre were completed, and for the first time in our 
history we had an amphitheatre pit and the ordinary facilities of a well 
equipped hospital. The building has a capacity for 54 beds, a matron's room, 
a dining room, reception room, kitchen, laundry room and store room. In 
the college part are the lecture room, the amphitheatre, faculty rooms, office, 
students' room and rooms for two internes. In this building the five pro- 
fessors and their assistants do all their work. Work in anatomy, chemistry, 
physiology, histology, pathology and other branches is carried on in other 




Homoeopathic Hospital, Iowa City, Iowa. 

buildings of the university. These buildings are for the most part new. The 
legislature during the past few years has been far more liberal with appro- 
priations. At first it voted a one-tenth of a mill tax to be levied for five years, 
and before that time had expired another one-tenth was added; so that the 
university has had, or rather, will have had, about $1,000,000 for new build- 
ings and' apparatus. At the present the College of Homoeopathic Medicine of 
the State University of Iowa is as well equipped as any in the country in 
laboratories and directors of laboratories. The regents are also more liberal 
than of old, and the salaries of the members of the faculty are gradually being 
increased, so that in a short time they will be as well paid as the professors 
of other universities. The regents have also assumed the management of 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



195 



the financial matters of the hospital, have done away with the old method 
of farming out the patients, and thereby made that part of the college much 
more satisfactory to both patients and professors. The only patients who 
are admitted free to the hospital are those who are in charge of the professor 
of obstetrics. Five or six such patients are cared for each year, and as both 
senior and junior classes are admitted, each student who attends both years 
witnesses ten or twelve cases of confinement during his college course. 

The legislative committee of the Hahnemann Medical Association of 
Iowa still continues its watchful care over the interests of the college, but it 




JaiiK'S Grant Gilclirist, M.D. 

is the university committee of the state association that the faculty looks to 
for advice and help. By their annual reports to the association the profession 
is kept informed and in touch with the college. 

TlIK MKN. 

At the annual niccluig of the Hahnemann .Mcilical Association of Iowa 
in 1877 that society voted to ask the regents to appoint 1*'. A. Guilbert of 
Dubuque and W. 11. Parsons of llurlington to fill tho two chairs which 
the regents had established, 'i^ie srloctinn i^i these nu-ii was also uri;ed 
by tile conuuittrt' whiili had secuivd fruui the legislature the act directing 
the regents to i-slablish llu- chairs. The regents, however, appinnted W'il- 
mol Ilorlcii DiclJiisdu nf 1 )c's Moines. <iik> of tlif nieinhers of the Icislative 



196 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

committee, and Allen C. Cowperthwaite of Nebraska City, X'ebraska. No 
two men more radically different in temperament and training than these 
could have been found. ' ' 

These men succeeded, however, because one furnished the stimulus, 
the energy to carry on the work, while the other furnished the judgment, 
the skill necessary to direct the energ\-. One \vas the complement of the 
other, and each possessed enough of his own so that when their powers were 
combined there was enough for two fully equipped men. They were bound 
together not only because they had been selected to work together in helping 
build up a system of medicine in which they w-ere firm believers, but they 
were also of the same religious faith. They were both enthusiastic, loyal 
homoeopathists ; were both earnest, loyal Baptists. There at once developed 
^a feeling of dependence upon each other, and of love and respect for each 
other which continued to grow during the fourteen years they wrought 
together at Iowa City. 

Wilmot H. Dickinson was born at Stanstead Junction, Canada, Sep- 
tember 19, 1829. His father was an Englishman, his mother a French- 
Canadian. Professor Dickinson w-as the only son in a family of eleven 
children, and as his father, who was editor of the village paper, was opposed 
to the British crown and was obliged on that account to flee to the states 
on several occasions, besides having his property confiscated. Professor Dick- 
inson was not only obliged to take care of himself but also to assist in the 
care of his sisters. Notwithstanding this, he had acquired an academic 
education at the age of twenty years, and a year later he went to Rochester, 
N. Y., and taught school. There he married Sarah M. Butin. Immediately 
after marriage he went to Georgia, where both he and his wife taught in an 
academy. He also began the study of medicine in Georgia vmder an old 
school preceptor. He contracted malaria, and after taking quinine for 
months without benefit he started north. On the train he met a homoe- 
opathic physician, who gave him a few powders of natrum muriaticum, 
which promptly cured him. This incident led him to enter the homoeopathic 
college of Cleveland, Ohio, from which he graduated in 1858. After grad- 
uating he went with his family directly to Des Moines, where he lived and 
practiced till his death in October, 1898, except the time he spent in New 
York in post-graduate work. He received his second diploma from New 
York in 1865. 

Professor Dickinson, as a lecturer, was clear and concise. His book 
on " Tlieory and Practice " contains his lectures.' He drew largely from 
his varied experience, which he presented in a few words. He possessed 
a most remarkable memory. At the age of sixty-five he could take a copy of 
Virgil, read a page over twice, and after closing the book could accurately 
scan and translate the same. As a dean. Dr. Dickinson was conservative and 
•successful. He secured the respect and co-operation of his professors and 
the love and esteem of all the students, who knew his love of justice so well 
that if in the right they felt that they could successfully appeal to him if they 
had a difference with even the most influential member of the faculty. By 
a score of years of faithful labor and by his donations Dr. Dickinson did 
more than any other person to make the college what it is to-day. 

Dr. Cowperthwaite was called from Nebraska to Iowa City to the chair 
of theory and practice. After consultation with Dr. Dickinson, who felt that 
his experience would be of more value in the chair of practice than in that 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



197 



of materia medica, and because Dr. Cowperthwaite was an enthusiastic 
materia medicist, the regents Avere asked to make the exchange. This was 
granted and Dr. Dickinson became the first professor of theory and prac- 
tice and Dr. Cowperthwaite the first professor of materia medica and dean 
of the faculty. Professor Cowperthwaite at once threw himself into the 
work of securing students for the college. He sent out circulars to the pro- 
fession in Iowa and the surrounding states ; visited the local and state society 
meetings and took part in the deliberations and impressed upon the members 
the privilege ant! importance of sending their students to a college connected 
with a state university." He soon issued his first edition of " Materia Med- 




(ifor^e Ruyal. Ml). 

ica." In his class room Professor Cowperthwaite was enthusiastic and in- 
spired his students with his own zeal. He tauglu svmptomologv almost ex- 
clusively, paying little attention to the therapeutic application of the clrug. 
which task he left to his colk-ague. Professor Dickinson. While fillitiu the 
position of professor of materia medica he at the same time did work in aiiv 
other branch which lueded an instructor or assistant. He conducted clinics 
in practice, delivered lectures and held claims in gynecologv. ijuiz/ed in plivsi- 
ology;in fact until the regents appointed more men in the department he did 
any work which he saw needed (loing. 

Professor Cowperthwaite has always Ikvii a hanl and faithful worker 
in the American liisiiititc of I Ionia..patli\ . It was dnriiii; his connection 



198 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

with the college at Iowa City that he was president of that body, and all the 
influence and prestige which came to him from that office he turned to the 
advantage of the college. For more complete sketch of Dr. Cowperthwaite's 
professional life see volume four of this work. 

Dr. James G. Gilchrist was the third man to receive a permanent ap- 
pointment in the homcecpathic department of the University of Iowa. He 
first came to Iowa City as an instructor in English in the College of Liberal 
Arts. He had been educated by private tutors, at the home of his parents, 
William Wallace and Redelia Ann Cox Gilchrist of New York city, and at 
Mitchell's Academy, Philadelphia. He studied medicine under George R. 
Starkey of Philadelphia, and at the Homoeopathic Medical College of Penn- 
sylvania. However, as Professor Gilchrist entered the army at this time 
his diploma was not conferred till 1863. The work which he did in medicine 
fr6m 1863 to 1881 was as demonstrator of anatomy in his alma mater, 1867; 
professor of surgery at the University of Michigan, 1876 to 1878, and at 
Detroit, Michigan, where he was chief of staff of the Detroit Homoeopathic 
Hospital, now Grace Hospital. With such experience and training, it was 
not expected that a man of his temperament would long remain content in 
the department of English, and he did not. In 1882 we find him working, 
without pay, in the department of homoeopathy, as lecturer on the ther- 
apeutics of surgical diseases. In the announcement of 1884-85 his name 
appears as professor of surgical pathology and therapeutics. In the regular 
announcement of 1885-86 he appears as professor of obstetrics, but in the 
supplemental of the same year his name appears for the first time as pro- 
fessor of surgery. When the legislative committee of the Hahnemann Med- 
ical Association of Iowa went to Iowa City in the spring of 1885 to ask 
the regents to appoint two new professors, one of surgery and one of ob- 
stetrics, they found that Professor Gilchrist had shown such enthusiasm and 
adaptability in teaching that the regents were ready to appoint him as soon 
as it was decided that the homoeopathic department was to have a professor 
of surgery, and that hospital facilities could be provided. It was under his 
leadership that the same committee helped to organize the hospital associa- 
tion and secure the furniture and equipment necessary to conduct the hos- 
pital. In the lecture room, Professor Gilchrist is an easy, clear and forcible 
talker. In the amphitheatre he is a rapid and resourceful operator. His 
first incision, witnessed for the first time by the freshman student, makes 
an impression which is never forgotten. Professor Gilchrist's military as 
well as medical training has made him one of the most methodical of men, 
and yet his natural temperament is such that he avoids detail work. From 
1893 to 1902 he was secretary of the faculty, and although his records were 
always ample and correct, the result was. due rather to a sense of duty than 
love of the work. For the same reason his work as director of the hospital 
was well done, but it was always more natural for him to give his order 
than to perform the task himself. Restless by nature and ambitious, he 
wants something new every day and is ready to forsake the old for it. It 
is this trait of character which in addition to his speed in operating, and his 
militarv bearing, that makes him the idol of the freshmen students. Pro- 
fessor Gilchrist is a man of vivid imagination, one who would make 
a most successful writer of fiction were he not such a lover of surgery; 
and yet. when I say a lover of the knife, I would do him injustice did 
I not add that he is an ardent believer in homoeopathic therapeutics and a 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 199 

good prescriber. The two men who have taught homoeopathic materia 
medica in the University of Iowa have always had in him a loyal assistant 
because of his faith in the homceopathic remedy. Owing to the character 
of his work, Professor Gilchrist has a wide acquaintance in the state and 
many warm friends. He has been president of the state and local 
societies and is still an active member therein. He also is a member of 
the American Institute of Homoeopathy, to whose transactions he was for- 
merly a frequent contributor. He is a prominent member of the Episcopal 
church of Iowa City and has been organist for the same since his residence 
in the city. He has the reputation of being one of the best organists of the 
state, and one of the things which the students and professors of the college 
always look forward to is his annual course of organ recitals and concerts, 
to which they are warmly welcomed. Another thing which Professor Gil- 
christ enjoys, and which he insists that the students of the college and their 
friends shall enjoy with him, is his passion for the study of history. His 
lectures, illustrated by stereopticon views of historic England, are always 
refreshing to students, in connection with his lectures on anatomy and chem- 
istry, surgery and materia medica. Professor Gilchrist has the distinction of 
being the only man who has held the chair of surgery in the College of 
Homoeopathic Medicine of the University of Iowa. 

Professor Charles Herbert Cogswell is the only surviving charter 
member of the Hahnemann Medical Association of Iowa. He belongs to a 
family of physicians, and v.as born in Pennsylvania August 14, 1844. He 
received his medical education from preceptors and from the Hahnemann Med- 
ical College of Chicago, from which he graduated in 1866. The same year 
he became a member of the American Institute of Homoeopathy, ar.d was 
initiated as a senior in that body in 1891. 

As has been stated, Professor Cogswell was a member of the first 
legislative committee of the Hahnemann Medical Association of Iowa, and 
was instrumental in securing from the legislature the passage of the bill 
whicli established the department of homoeopathy. He has crmtinued a 
member of the same committee to the present time, taking an active part 
in the work which resulted in securing from the legislature the appropria- 
tion with which the present buildings were erected. 

As a member of the teaching corps his name first appears in the an- 
nouncement of 1885-6 as lecturer on diseases of children. It is the same 
in the announcement of 1886-7 ^"<^l the regular announcement of 1887-8. but 
in the supplemental announcement of 1887-8 it is changed to professor 
of obstetrics and diseases of children. This supplemental announconiont 
was issued after tlu- university coniniittee of the Hahnemann Medical .\sso- 
ciation of Iowa had persuaded the regents to appoint a professor of surgery 
and obstetrics. This was afterwards changed to professor of obstetrics and 
diseases of women, and later to obstetrics and gynecology, of which depart- 
ment Dr. Cogswell is professor emeritus at present. 

Professor Copswell is by nature brusque, frank, honest; detests deceit 
of any kind ; states his facts tersely and forcibly ; not a single element of 
imagination or fiction is iti his niako-up. He sticks to his old friends, never 
forsaking an old for a new, although he makes new ones. When he strikes, 
he alwa\s strikes hard. Some of his friends feel that he often uses a sledge 
haiinner when a tack liaininer would serve iiis purpose better. Re that as 
it iii.'iv, he nut onlv drives his nails well, but clinches them, lli- always felt 



200 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



the honor and importance of his position, and takes as much care of his 
personal appearance for each lecture as though he were to appear before 
the most dignified bodv in the land. He believes in teachmg pure homoe- 
opathy—no palliation, 'no subterfuge of any kind. As a member of the 
legislative committee he has always been a most successful worker. 

Professor Frank J. Newberry — "Honest Frank John," as the students 
were wont to call him, is an lowan by birth. He received a good academic 
education and also learned the printer's trade. Becoming interested in med- 
icine however, he went to Chicago for his first course of lectures, grad- 
uating- from the Chicago Homoeopathic Medical College in 1888. He after- 




Wm. LcClair Bywater, INI.D. 

ward settled in Cedar Rapids. Iowa, and entered general practice He grad- 
uallv drifted into ophthalmological and otological work, and after turtiier 
preparation for his specialtv he moved to Iowa City and associated himseit 
with Professor Cowperthwaite. His name first appears in the annual an- 
nouncement of 1890-91, as lecturer on ophthalmology and otology; tJie next 
announcement adds paedologv to the above. Like the other men who have 
been connected with this college. Professor Newberry did anythmg his hand 
found to do, and so he relieved Professor Dickinson of a part of his work 
bv lecturing on diseases of children. In 1892 he was made professor in- 
stead of lecturer of the above subjects. His success in treating diseases of 
the eve and throat soon secured for him a large practice, and also the largest 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 2U1 

clinic of any one connected with the colleg-e. He turned over to the mem- 
bers of the senior class as much as possible of this work, and by so doing 
sent out the graduates well prepared to treat all ordinary diseases of the eye, 
ear, nose and throat. It was this method of giving the students every pos- 
sible opportunity for practical work, together with his ability to make a 
diagnosis and prognosis, which endeared the students to their teacher and 
secured for him the name of " Honest Frank John." Professor New- 
berry was not a strong man physically, was not a "pusher" in medical so- 
cieties. On the other hand, he spent much of his time in his library. He 
did post-graduate work at different times, receiving his second degree from 
New York Ophthalmic Hospital, and his third medical diploma from Qii- 
cago. Failing health compelled him to seek a different climate, and he went 
to Los x\ngeles, California, in 1902, at the same time severing his connec- 
tion with the college. Professor Newberry's temperament made him a con- 
genial co-laborer, and his departure was keenly felt by every member of the 
professional corps of the universitv. 

George Royal, son of Ambrose and Adelaide Ro\al. was born in the town 
of Alford, Berkshire county, Massachusetts, July 15, 1853. His parents were 
of French descent. The family moved to Coventry, Conn., when he was six 
years of age. After attending the district school of Coventry, he prepared 
for college at the Natchaug High School, Willimantic, Conn., graduating from 
the same in 1874. He entered Amherst College with the class of 1878. but 
was taken sick a few weeks after completing his freshman year, and was 
unable to do any work till one year from the following September, when he 
took charge of the school at East Hampton, Conn., which position he held 
until 1880. While engaged in teaching, he studied medicine under a pre- 
ceptor of the old school. He was converted to homoeopathy by being cured 
of a long-standing eye trouble, by two prescriptions made by Dr. L. F. \\'ood. 
who graduated from the New York Homoeopathic Medical College in 1879. 

Professor Royal entered the New York Homoeopathic College in 1880. 
and graduated from the same March 16, 1882. He took charge of his precep- 
tor's practice at Rockville, Conn., immediately after graduating and in March, 
1883, moved to Des Moines, Iowa, where he has resided ever since. In May. 
1885. he became a member of the Hahnemann INIedical Association of Iowa, 
was elected secretary the same year and held that position five years. In 1891 
he was elected president of the association, but declined to serve because he 
felt that he could do more for homoeopathy as a member of the legislative com- 
mittee. When Dr. Cowpertlnvaite resigned from the ilepartment of homoe- 
opathy in July, 1892, the university committee of the Hahnemann Medical 
Association of Iowa and the Medical Committee of the board of regents of 
the university met at Des Moines, and unanimouslv selected him professor of 
materia medica and thcrajieutics. This was August 17, 1802. and ho bouan 
his labors at the university on September 13 of the same year. 

After the death of Dean Dickinson, in 1898, the facultA- petitioned the 
board of regents to appoint Professor Cogswell dean to succeed Dr. Dickin- 
son. Professor Ciilchrisl, the senior member of tlie faculty, was also a can- 
didate for tlie position. The regents took no action in the matter until Juno. 
1899, when at tluir annual meeting thi'v voted unaninnMisly lor Prt>foss«ir 
Royal for dean. Tills position ho still liolds. It was Dr. Royal's Imo of 
teaching which led him to .iccopt the position, lie lives at Dos Moines, i-^no 
liiiiidicd and IwciiIn mu' miles Iroiii the seat ol" the nni\crsit\. and llic salarv 



202 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 



is so small that it only partially covers the expense and loss of time taken to 
perform his duties as instructor. His most important work for the university 
is that which he has done as a member of the legislative committee of the 
Hahnemann Medical Association of Iowa. Owing to the fact that he lived 
at Des Moines, where the legislature meets, he was intrusted with the general 
supervision of the work which secured the new building in 1885. As a lec- 
turer he is practical, ready at any time to give up the "hour scheduled for a 
lecture if he can get some one to present to the class a clinical patient. He 
believes that the essentials of materia medica to be taught are first, what vou 
want to do with remedies ; second, what you can do with remedies. He be- 




Frederick Becker, M.D. 

lieves and teaches the use of all potencies, and having had the efficacy of the 
homoeopathic remedy demonstrated upon himself, he is a firm believer in the 
law of similars. In his clinics he prescribes the single remedy; never at the 
college nor in private practice does he use compound triturate tablets. As 
dean he believes in giving each professor the greatest liberty, only asking 
that they produce the desired results. 

Professor Royal is a member of the local and state societies, having been 
elected to all the offices in both. He also is a member of the American Insti- 
tute of Homoeopathy, in which body he served as chairman of the bureaus 
of clinical medicine in 1896; was vice-president in 1900; chairman of the 
bureau of materia medica in 1902, and president at the present time, 1905. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 203 

During the summer of 1898, when it was evident that Professor Dickin- 
son would not be able to resume his college work, there was a good deal of 
correspondence between the members of the faculty and of the board of re- 
gents concerning some one to fill the important chair of theory and practice. 
Professor Dickinson was a practical man of wide experience, who taught 
largely from his experience and not from books. Some one was wanted to 
fill this position who possessed these same qualities. Peter E. Triem of ]Man- 
chester, Iowa, was the man decided upon. He, like Dr. Dickinson, was a 
thoroughly educated man. self-made and self-reliant and had a large practice. 
He was a graduate of Hahnemann of Chicago, 1881. He had been a good 
worker in the Hahnemann Medical Association of Iowa ; had been its presi- 
dent, and was well known ; but he was not a strong man physically and hesi- 
tated about undertaking the work. He was finally persuaded, however, to 
deliver the lectures, making arrangements with Professor Royal to conduct 
his clinics. Dr. Triem's lectures were practical, clear and concise. His schol- 
arly attainments and his gentlemanly bearing won the respect of the students. 
The work, however, was arduous, and although he was the unanimous choice 
of the faculty and was elected full professor by the regents in June, 1899, he 
declined to serve. In spite of the fact that his health has gradually failed since 
that time. Dr. Triem's interest in the college has always remained warm and 
healthy. 

Frederick Becker, M. D., was born in Gudensberg, Germany, January 
22, 1838. He was educated in Germany and in this country. Like many of 
the physicians of his day, he studied medicine with a preceptor, and after 
practicing a few vears took a course of lectures and graduated from the 
Homoeopathic Medical College of Saint Louis. He was one of the pioneer 
homoeopathic physicians of Iowa, to which he came in the early days and 
endured all the hardships and privations of the earlier settlers. 

Professor Becker was one of the early members of the Hahnemann Med- 
ical Association, and of the few who helped initiate and execute its plans. His 
early education caused him to revere all state institutions. He therefore 
realized the dignity and permanency that an association with the state univer- 
sity would give homoeopathy, and used all his influence to secure that associa- 
tion. He was a member of the first university committee and did his work 
so well that to him in a great measure is due the existence of three of the 
five chairs now in the college of homoeopathic medicine. After the death 
of Professor Dickinson and the refusal of Professor Triem. who was acting 
professor for one year, to continue the work. Dr. Becker was asked to accept 
the chair of theory and practice and clinical medicine. He had virtually retired 
from practice and the activities of life and at first refused to accept the call. 

One of the regents had suggested to the dean the present professor of 
theory and practice for the ])osition. but as professor Johnston had not at 
that time been ten years in practice, the dean insisted upon a man of larger 
experience, one who was known throughout the state, and urged that Profes- 
sor Becker be not released. After much persuasion on the part of the regents 
and the dean, the doctor consented to serve until such a time as it was thought 
best for him to retire and leave Dr. T<'>hnston. who was agreed upon as Pro- 
fessor Becker's assistant, in chargi- of the department. 

Professor Becker's lectures were full of practical suggestions, the result 
of a long and sticccssful ])ractice. In his clinics he demonstrated what pre- 
scribitig acmnliiig td flic law of similia could ;iccomplisli, lie shinvcil bv 



204 HISTORY OF HOAia^XJPA'rJiN' 

manner and rearing- that he was a gentleman of the old type, and he was 
loved and respected by the students ; but his desire to retire and his feeling- 
that a younger man would be more serviceable to the college, caused him to 
resign in June, 1902. Since that time in his old position on the university 
committee of the state association he has kept in touch with the work of all 
the departments, often visiting the university. Upon his judgment, as upon 
that of no other man, has the present dean relied for encouragement and 
advice. 

Benjamin Richard Johnston was born in Ontario. Canada, in 1866; grad- 
uated from the high school of Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1886 ; began the study of 
medicine with William Shepard as preceptor; attended Hahnemann Medical 
of Chicago, also Hering, graduating from the latter in 1893. After gradu- 
ation he settled in Onawa, Iowa, and at once began the practice of his pro- 
fession. He remained there until 1898, when he removed to Cedar Rapids, 
Iowa. His success as a physician, and more especially his reputation as a 
diagnostician, attracted the attention of the profession and also one of the 
members of the board of regents, and secured his appointment as assistant to 
the chair of theory and practice. He was also made lecturer on pediatrics. This 
was in 1899, and he held the position till 1902. From the first he demon- 
strated his ability as a teacher, especially in his thoroughness and care in 
the preparation of both his lectures and his quizzes. One frequently hears 
the expression : " You may make a ' stab ' go with some of the professors, 
but never with Professor Johnston." When Professor Frederick Becker re- 
signed his position in 1902, Professor Johnston was promoted from assistant 
and lecturer to the chair of theory and practice of medicine and clinical med- 
icine. He took post-graduate work in New York city in 1902. and again in 
London and Edinburgh in 1904. His present position aiTords him an oppor- 
tunity to use to advantage his skill as a diagnostician both in teaching physical 
diagnosis and in making practical use of it in his clinics. It is in diseases 
of the heart and lungs that he is especially successful in diagnosing and treat- 
ing. While a student in college, Professor Johnston made as careful study 
of materia medica as of the other subjects. At Hering he was thoroughly 
drilled in symptomatology, and this experience, in addition to his natural ten- 
dency to accurac}', makes of him a careful and successful prescriber. He is 
as ready to prescribe the im as the ix, and vice versa, and as the result is 
observed by the students they are instructed in the use of both high and low 
])otencies. 

At the same time that Professor Johnston prescribes the im he advo- 
cates taking advantage of adjuvant treatment, such as the use of heat or cold, 
and manual or electrical therapeutics. He is a member of the local, state 
and national societies, and takes an active part in all. His courteous and dig- 
nified bearing, together with his scholarly attainments, secure for him the 
respect and confidence of his students and associates. Being in the prime of 
life, he is one of the strongest and most promising men of the faculty. 

Frederick Jacob Becker is a son of Frederick and Sophia Miller Becker, 
his father being the Frederick Becker whose history precedes. Frederick J. 
was born in Clermont, Favette county, Iowa, September 18, 1865. He grad- 
uated from the high school of that place in June. 1883, and entered the homoe- 
opathic department of the State University of Iowa in September of the 
same vear. He was one of the few who at that time took the three years' 
optional course, taking a large amount of extra work in the nlher depart- 



HISTORY OF HOMGEOPATHY 



205 



nients of the university and graduating in the spring of 1886. The college 
year of 1886-7 he spent in Philadelphia, receiving his second degree of M. D. 
from Hahnemann Medical College in 1887. After practicing with his father 
at Clermont one year, Professor Becker went to Postville, Iowa, and remained 
there in active practice until the spring of 1901, when he went to Europe, 
spending a year in post-graduate study at the University of Berlin. From 
1894 to 1899 he was assistant to the chair of surgery, serving without com- 
pensation, and even paying his own expenses to Iowa City. This he did 
because of his love for homcjeopathy and his alma mater. On his return from 
Berlin, he was elected to his present position of professor of obstetrics and 
gynecology. 




on, ALU. 



Profes.sor Becker is typical lowan. of good physiquo, active, liberal, pro- 
gressive, a careful operator, a clear and interesting lecturer, witii his "' ginui 
ear" always at the lili|)lioiie, at night, listening for a call \o the hospital and 
demonstrate to the class how the next clinical case of »)hstetrics should be 
delivered; and like his fatlni, lu- always has taken an active ])art as a niem- 
ber of the flahneniann Mciheal Association of Iowa. Ho has been a niember 
of the .American institute of llom(eopathy for niaiiN \ears. As president oi 
the alumni association, he lias done nuich good work in keeping the members 
.so interested Ih.it they send their patients to the hospital and their sons, liaugh- 
ters and friends to the collcm-. 



206 . HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

William Le Clare Bywater, son of Napoleon and Sarah \\'ilson Bywater. 
was born in Tama county, Iowa, March i8, 1867. He graduated from the 
Gladbrook high school in 1883 and later attended the Iowa State Normal and 
Western College of Toledo, Iowa. He was superintendent of schools of 
Tama county from 1890 to 1894, giving him an opportunity to study men, 
women and children, which has since been a great service to him. He began 
the study of medicine with Dr. C. M. Morford, who as a preceptor has sent 
more and better students to the homoeopathic department of the University of 
Iowa than any other man in Iowa. 

Professor Bywater entered the homoeopathic department in 1894 and 
graduated therefrom in 1897. In college he was a leader of his class, whose 
favor, as well as that of his professors, he readily won. After graduating 
he practiced his profession at Lake City, Iowa, two years, doing some post- 
graduate work meanwhile at the Chicago Homoeopathic College. The year 
1899-1900 he spent at the New York Ophthalmic Hospital, receiving the de- 
gree of O. et A. Chir. After graduating from New York he came to Iowa 
City and associated with Frank J. Newberry, professor of ophthalmology, 
otology and laryngology in the college, and besides assisting at the clinics 
he lectured on diseases of women from 1900 to 1903. On the removal of Pro- 
fessor Newberry to California in 1903, Dr. Bywater was promoted to the 
chair, which position he now holds. When Professor Gilchrist resigned as 
secretary of the faculty, in 1902, he was selected for that position. He was 
also chosen director of the hospital in 1903. His acquaintance with the edu- 
cators of the state, made wdiile he was county superintendent, has been of 
great assistance to him in his duties as secretary of the faculty. Being the 
youngest member of the faculty, he is a connecting link between the students 
and the older members of the faculty. He is also an active member of the 
alumni association of the college. 

As an operator Professor Bywater possesses the faculty of being able to 
talk and explain each step as he works, making his clinics not only more inter- 
esting but highly instructive. He believes that all physicians should be help- 
ful to each other and that the best way to do so is through medical societies. 
He is a member not only of the local and state associations, but also of the 
American Ophthalmological, Otological and Laryngological Society and of 
the American Institute of Homoeopathy. In his church relation. Professor 
Bywater is affiliated with the Christians. He is an active member of the 
church of that denomination in Iowa City. 

In addition to these eleven men who have taught in the college under 
the title of professor, there have been connected v.'ith it as lecturers and assist- 
■ants many others whose names are deserving of mention in these pages (the 
-names in the order of the vear in which they served) : G. Neuman SeidHtz, 
W. D. Stillman, T. G. Roberts. Charles W. Eaton. F. M. Somers. Eugene 
•Campbell, I. S. Clark, G. W. Williams, O. W. Hartmann. Leora Johnson, D. 
"VV. Dickinson, Theodore L. Hazard. F. P. Miles. Ralph W. Homan. S. N. 
Walson, A. L. Pollard. Raymond E. Peck. James Moorchcad. J. W. Wilson 
and W. H. Woltman. Of these some served only one year. Others served 
several vears and are still active. Two, T. L. Hazard and James Moorehead, 
have received a small compensation ; others served without receiving money 
enough to defray traveling expenses, and still others received no compen- 
sation whatever except the satisfaction of having done something for the 
cause of homoeopathy. During the twenty-eight years of the college's exist- 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



ence the university has had four presidents: C. W. Slagle. 1877-78: T- T. 

^1898; George A. MacLean. 



Pickard, 1878- 1 



Charles A. Schaeffer, i 



1898- 



These have looked after the interests of the college of homoe- 



opathic medicine as faithfully as that of any other college in the universitv. 
Two of them were patrons of homceopathy and two of allopathy. 



THE CURRICULUM. 



The amount of preparatory work required for admission, the amount of 
work required for graduation as well as the time required to obtain a diploma 
from this college at different periods of its existence, show that advancement 
has been not only constant but rapid. Although the most radical chano-es 




Frederick J. Becker, .M.D. 

may apparently be traced to the three periods of time corresponding to the 
administration of the three men who have acted as dean, nevertheless this is 
more apparent than real, and more careful study will reveal the fact that the 
advancement has been a progressive as well as a gradual one. and the changes 
have been due to other causes than the personalitv of the dean. 

At first the department was obliged to ct)ntorm to the general require- 
ments of the times and also to the special reiiuirements of the universitv of 
which it was a part. When the department was first established there was 
no entrance re(|uireiuent except that ot' a good moral character. This, as well 
as the adajitabibty ol the student, wi'ii- \'ouclu-d for bv tlu- preceptor. I'or- 



208 HISTORY OF HOAICEOPATHY 

tunately for the department, the profession ^vas interested in it and as a rule 
sent as students only desirable men and women. At that time, also, a com- 
mittee of physicians of the state examined all candidates for graduation. These 
two factors are responsible for the good class of students and graduates who 
received the earlier diplomas of the department. Later the faculty examined 
the student as he entered and also the applicant for graduation. At present the 
examiner of the university has the sole authority to pass upon the student as 
he enters, and the heads of the several departments pass upon his qualification 
to receive a diploma. The head of each department reports to the registrar, 
who acts for all the colleges of the university, the standing of each student 
who takes work in his department. The record is kept at the administrative 
office of the university. Each student must have a clear record here before 
he can receive his diploma. 

When the department was first established attendance upon only two ses- 
sions was required to secure the diploma. The first announcement — 1877 — 
has the following : *' The plan of the department only requires the attendance 
of students through two sessions, but the authorities do earnestly recommend 
that they enter early in the course and attend three sessions instead of two." 
To show the time required to secure a diploma I will again quote from the 
announcement : " The first session will open October 24, 1877, and close 
March 6, 1878;" and again: " The second session will open October 9, 1878, 
and close JMarch i, 1879." If from this time one takes out the fourteen days 
of the holiday recess, an accurate idea is given of the actual time that re- 
quired to secure a diploma at that time. The old school schedule corresponded 
to that of the new. Although a few days were annually added to each ses- 
sion, students were not required to attend three sessions till the term 1891-2. 

In 1892 Dr. Dickinson succeeded Dr. Cowperthwaite as dean of the depart- 
ment, still it was not due to that fact that the course of study was lengthened, 
but to the fact that the state board of health and medical .examiners of Iowa 
demanded it of all the medical colleges of the state. Dij. Dickinson was a 
member of the state board of health and was one of the rnost eager members 
to compel the faculty of which he was also a member to take this step. From 
1892 to 1896 the course was one of three years of twenty-seven weeks each. 
From 1896 to 1900 it was of four years of twenty-seven weeks each, and since 
that till the present time it has been four years of thirty-six weeks each. In 
other words, it now takes one hundred and forty-four weeks instead of forty. 

As great as is the change in time, still greater is the change in the require- 
ments for admission to the college. At first any one was admitted without 
examination ; then one holding any kiiid of a teacher's certificate was admitted 
without examination. Not possessing this coveted document, the student was 
examined by one or both of the professors, and was always found to possess 
the required qualifications for admission. As a matter of fact, no niention 
of any recjuiremcnts is made in any announcement till that of 1884-5. ^^ 
inquiry we are unable to find that any examinations were held till after that 
time. On page 10 of the announcement of 1884-5 ^^'^ read under the heading, 
" Preliminary Examination" : 

" All candidates for admission t(~i the course of medical lectures must 
give evidence of a good English education. 

" If the applicant is a graduate of a literary (ir scientific college, or pre- 
sents the certificate of having passed the (.ntrance examination of such an 



HISTORY OF HO:\I(EOPATHY 209 

institution, or the certificate of graduation from the high school or academy,, 
it will be accepted in lieu of an examination. 

" In any other case, the candidate must pass an examination before a 
committee of the faculty as follows : a written composition, not to exceed a 
page of foolscap, on a given subject, which will be the test of orthography, 
grammar, etc. ; an examination in common arithmetic, history of the U. S., 
in geography and elementary physics or natural philosophy." 

These requirements were not changed in any particular till the announce- 
ment of 1893-4, when in their plac(; appear the following : 

" PRE-MATRICULATE REQUIREMENTS. 

" Students should not be less than 18 \ ears of age. They should select 
as a preceptor a reputable practitioner of medicine, a graduate of an accred- 
ited school. They should read, under the guidance and instruction of the pre- 
ceptor, elementary chemistry, ph}-sics and biology, as well as anatomy, physi- 
ology and medical institutes, particularly the Organon of Hahnemann. 

" Applicants for registration who have degrees in science or arts, who 
have passed the sophomore year in a reputable college or have a teacher's 
certificate, are admitted without a preliminary examination. All others will 
be required to submit to an examination in English scholarship by a committee 
of the faculty. 

" Should the applicant be a graduate from some collegiate institution rec- 
ognized by the university as having an adequate curriculum, and have passed 
in chemistry, physics, biology or ph\siology, he may become a pupil of the 
faculty, and the pre-matriculate requirements as to preceptor will be waived." 

Here was the first evidence of trying to get the physician to realize the 
responsibility of being a preceptor, and at the same time it was the first step 
of the movement which ended in doing away with the preceptor altogether. 

This change in the requirements of the entrance examination, like the 
change in the duration of the course of study, came immediately after Dr. 
Dickinson became dean, but like the other change, was due more to a general 
demand of the American Institute of Homoeopathy and other medical socie- 
ties, than to any really felt need of the facuhy. the students, or even the pro- 
fession of Iowa. 

The preliminary requirements remained about the same till 1899, when 
another radical change was made, both as to the requirements and also as to 
the method of conducting the examinations, for the purpose of ascertaining 
if the applicant possessed the requirements : and, singularly enough, this again 
took place sinniltaneously with a change in the deanship. Upon the death 
of Dr. Dickinson, Dr. George Royal of Des Moines was elected dean bv the 
board of regents. 

During the same year in which occurred the death of Dr. Dickinson. 
President Charles A. Schaeflfer died. After one year, during which Dean Cur- 
rier of the College of Liberal Arts acted as president, the present head of 
the university, George E. MacLean, became president. He at once began to 
centralize all the departments and colleges of the universit\- into a more c«Mn- 
pact and harmonious \mm\\. Departments like the hdUKeopathio and <Untal 
were classed as colleges. What were formerly called " chairs " were made 
departments. A luiiversity examiner was given authority to pass \\\so\\ tlie 
qualificatioi: of ;dl applicants for admission. The faculty of the ditTerent 
colleges hail tlu' right to li\ llu' standard of ailinission. Init not to ilccidf 



210 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

whether the applicant measured up to that standard. The head of each de- 
partment was given more power and passed upon the quaHfication of the 
student of his department to receive the diploma. The entrance requirements 
w^ere raised, and at this time the course was lengthened to four years of thirty- 
six weeks each. The present requirements are as follows : 

The minimum upon which a student may enter without an examination is 
a diploma from a high school — not any high school, but one which has a full 
four-year Latin course, also solid geometry, etc. ; in other words, the same 
requirements which one must have to enter the College of Liberal Arts of 
the university. Xot having such a diploma, one must pass an examination in 
the same branches as are accepted from the high schools, and the university 
examiner conducts the examination. 

The greatest advancement of all, however, is to be found in the variety 
and amount of work required of the student during the 144 weeks that he 
is a member of the college. The subjects taught the first session, 1887-8, 
were: 

Jimior year, anatomy, practical anatomy, physiology, chemistry, dentistry. 
Senior year, practical anatomy, physiology, materia medica, obstetrics and 
diseases of women, diseases of children, theory and practice, clinical medicine, 
surgery, opthalmology and otology, medical jurisprudence. 

It is evident that it was not in the number of studies that the curriculum 
suffered by comparison, but in the method of teaching and the quality of the 
work, e. g., the anatomy was all taught in one year, except to those who could 
not secure material enough to complete their practical anatomy, dissection, 
and they completed it the second year. The only subject in which any attempt 
was made to apply the laboratory method of teaching was chemistry. The 
writer was informed by one who was a student at that time that the only 
apparatus used by the professor of chemistry was a blowpipe and a few chem- 
icals. With these he boiled urine to ascertain if it contained albumen. The 
presence or absence of albumen and the specific gravity constituted " urine 
analysis," as it was called during those days. Again, to quote from the an- 
nouncement what is said on this subject : " To students who remain at the 
university after the close of the annual session an opportunity will be given, 
during the ensuing three months, for the study of analytical chemistry." This 
was post-graduate work. As a matter of fact chemistry was an optional study 
and very few students of either school availed themselves of it, although the 
announcement stated that " the chemical laboratory is open six hours daily for 
the study of practical chemistry. Courses in chemical analysis, urine analysis 
and pure toxicology have been specially arranged for medical students." 

The reader should bear in mind the fact that only materia medica and 
theory and practice were then taught, exclusively, in the department of homoe- 
opathy. As late as 1890 a student was permitted to come up and pass his 
examination in materia medica after a year's attendance upon lectures. At 
first the lectures of the second year were simply a repetition of those of the 
first. In fact Professor Dickinson, the first professor of theory and practice, 
continued to repeat his lectures till i8q6. 

At present all this is changed. There is no repetition of lectures. No 
student, unless he fail to pass in some branch, is obliged to listen to a lecturer 
or laboratory demonstrator more than once upon the same subject. At present 
most of the work in chemistry is done in the laboratory. Eight hours per 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



211 



week is required during the freshman and sophomore years. To this chair 
has been added physiological chemistry and toxicology. 

What is true of the department of chemistry in regard to the amount of 
work done and the proportion done in the laboratories is also true of anatomy 
and physiology. In the department of physiolog}^ as much time is devoted 
to each of the subjects of history and embryolog}' as was formerly devoted to 
the entire subject of physiolog)-. At present clinics are held in the department 
of pediatrics, materia medica and electro-therapeutics, in addition to those 
formerly held. viz. : opthalmology, surgery, gynecology and practice. In the 
department of materia niedica not only is there a regular weeklv clinic, but 
also one drug is proven each year by the junior class and observed bv the 
senior class. 

In addition to the above miprovements in the curriculum, the college 
ofifers a combined course for completing which, in six years the student may 
secure the degrees of B. S. and M. D. The additional studies pursued during- 
the two extra years are German, physics, zoology, animal physiology, animal 
morphology and botany, with several electives. This course is earnestly rec- 
ommended by the faculty and several have already availed themselves of it. 

ALUMNI LIST COLLEGE OF HOMOEOPAHIC MEDICINE, STATE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA. 



1899 Abbott, Edward C, New York. 

1904 Adrain, Frank, Sigourney, la. 

1902 Alden, George H., Indianola, la. 

1901 Anderson, George W., Nemaha, la. 

1881 Anderson, Horace W., Chicago, 111. 
1893 Aplin. Clarence A., Ames, la. 

1893 Alpin. William H., Hamilton, Mo. 

1882 Arp, Augustus H., Moline, 111. 

1894 Aschenbrenner, C. F., Dysart, la. 

1901 Babcock, Elmer, Greenfield, la. 

1898 Bailey, Ida H., Washington, la. 

1883. Bailey, Samantha E. (Dec.) 

1887 Baker, Albra W., Emporium, Pa. 

1883 Baker, Louis G., Parker's Landing, 

Pa. 

1890 Baker, Richard C, Oelwein, la. 

1893 Barker, Alfred H., Brooklyn, la. 

1895 Barlow. Mrs. W. E. (Bernice G. 

Whiting). Blackburg, Va. 

1884 Barr, George W. (Dec.) 

1886 Barrette. John E.. Lavoca, Neb. 

1886 Barth, John L. J.. St. Louis, Mo. 
1883 Basten, C. Van Dyke. Kearney, Neb. 
1897 Battin, janu-s F.. Inawa, la. 

1883 Bayless. William E., Roswell. N. M. 

1896 Bean, Mrs. (Hellc M. Thompson), 

Vinton. la. 

1894 Beaver, Caroline S., Milwaukee, 

Wis. 

1887 Beck, Joseph E., Pasco, Wash. 
18K7 Beck, iVtcr S., Genessec, Idaho. 
i88() Becker. Fred J , Iowa Citv. la. 
1883 Bell, Samuel T., .MiK-na, Slicli. 

1890 Bennett. S(i|)hie F. (.Mrs. Joiiii Peat- 
tie), Peoria. III. 

1888 iU'imett. TluMKluoia (Mrs. Jas. W. 

I'.irUcr), I'euii.i. ill. 



886 Blackman, George E. (Dec.) 

899 Blackstone, Bigelow P., Dickens, la. 
891 Blakeslee, Miriam E. (Mrs. Swift), 

Topeka, Kan. 

895 Bohstedt, Minnie J. (Mrs. M. T. 

Eudaly), (Dec.) 
881 Bond, David K.. Waterloo, la. 

896 Borts. Han^ey D.. Downey, la. 

889 Bourne, Joseph W., Verden, NeH. 

890 Bo.x, Frank A. (Dec.) 

888 Boynton. Frank H., Chariton, la. 

885 Bray, Nicholas, Dubuque. la. 

886 Bray, William. Dubuque. la. 

891 Brown, Charles A., Lamoni. la. 
883 Brumback, Newton N., Beatrice. 

Neb. 
893 Bumgardner, Edward, Lawrence. 

Kan. 
893 Burnett. Elliott H.. Rockford. la. 
903 Bywater, Edward N.. Iowa Falls, la. 

897 Bywater, William L., Iowa City^ la. 

89<) Calkins. Fred E., Fremont. Neb. 

881 Caldwell. J. Edd., Healdsburg. Cal. 

8f;5 Calkins. Mrs. Guy S. (Ella G. Wool- 

verton), Iowa Citv. la. 

893 Calkins. Royal W.. 'Custer. S. D. 

900 Carmichael. EuRene. Ft. DihIko. la. 
888 Cams, Harrv. .NIontrose. la. 

8t)t; Carver. Harry E. Rose Hill. 1:,. 

<K)-' Clapp. Archie B.. Muscatine. la. 

S85 Clark. Charles W.. Dillon. Mont 

S«ji Cline. .Mice B.. Kansas City. Mo. 

S*K) Cochran, .Mfred T. Belmda. la. 

<xx» CodditiRton. James K, Humboldt. la. 

txi-* CoRswell. Charles H.. Jr. Cedar Rap- 

itis. la. 

iSSt) t^ile. Sarah .\., Lincoln. K;ui 



212 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



1898 Coleman, Jennie, Des Moines, la. 

1893 Conner, Warren H., Fairfield, la. 
1891 Coon, George S., Louisville, Ky. 

1894 Cornwell Adelaide E. (Mrs. Jay M. 

Kilbourne) (Dec.) 

1886 Cotton, Alonzo A., Vermillion. S. D. 
1885 Cotton, Mary A. (Dec.) 

1887 Coulter, Eva M. (Dec.) 

1880 Crawford, Mrs. (J. A. Disbro), 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

1902 Crew, Arthur E., Marion, la. 

1882 Cross, Ansel M. 

1885 Dailey, Mrs. Ada. Sheffield. la. 

1899 Davis. Metta E., Fremont, Neb. 

1879 Davis, Sheldon F., Pomona, Cal. 

1880 Delap, Silas C, Kansas City, Mo. 
1891 DeMarsh, Clark C, Fairfield, la. 
1887 Derx, Jacob, Farmington, la. 

1884 Dickinson. D. W., Des Moines, la. 

1880 Disbro, Jo Anna (Mrs. Crawford), 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

1882 Dunn, R., Pueblo, Colo. 

1897 Dun Van, Edgar K., Chatsworth, la. 

1896 Ebersole, Howard C, Woodward, la. 

1897 Ebersole, Sarah F. (Mrs. M. S. Free- 

berger), Manson, la. 

1900 Filers, Paul G., Alberta, la. 

1881 Eldridge, Mrs. (Lizzie E. Joy), Daw- 

son, la. 

1880 Emonds, William G., Seattle, Wash. 

1882 Erwin, William (Dec.) 

1894 Everett, Edward J., Stuart, la. 

1898 Farnum, Earl P., Fredericksburg, la. 

1887 Fees, Arthur W., Lenox, la. 

1881 Fleming, Amos C, Augusta, Mont. 

1895 Fletcher. David A.. . Hartley, la. 
1897 Fry, Mrs. Arminda C, Marshall- 
town, la. 

1902 Fullmer, B. E., Berrien Springs, 

Mich. 

1896 Garton, William M., Washington, 

D. C. 

1893 Gethman, Charles C, Eldora, la. 

1888 Glasier, J. J., Springfield, S. D. 

1882 Gleason, Flora S., Corona, Cal. 

1883 Gleason, J. C, Corona, Cal. 
1882 Golden, Hannah C, Vinton, la. 
1891 Goldsworthy. Leila O. (Mrs. R. S. 

Walker), Keokuk, la. 

1891 Goldsworthy, William (Dec.) 

1889 Goodrich, Alice A., Des Moines, la. 
1893 Graening, Chas. H.. Waverly, la. 

1903 Graves, Rex V., Lamont, la. 
1896 Gray, Nettie E., Anamosa, Li. 
1895 Gray, Richard H., Anamosa, Lt. 

1890 Gray. William R., Bellingham. Wash. 
1880 Green, A. C, Middletown, O. 

1888 Green, Edward P., Arvada, Colo. 

1904 Green, Lynnc B., Reinbcck, la. 



1889 Hackett, James F., Kellogg, la. 
1900 Hamilton, Wm. A., Paullina, la. 
1904 Hand, George, Hay Springs, Neb. 

1893 Hansen, A. S., Cedar Falls, la. 
1897 Hansen, Jorgen W., Racine. Wis. 
1896 Hansen, Otto A., Forest City. la. 

1 891 Hardesty, Geo. W., May wood. Neb. 

1884 Hartmann, Ossian, Austin, Tex. 

1896 Hayden, Arthur S., Wall Lake, la. 

1897 Hazard, Mrs. Clara M., Iowa City, 

la. 

1881 Henderson, J. W. (Dec.) 

1900 Hill, Mrs. Alice S., Dubuque, la. 

1880 Hitchcock. J. B., Montford, Wis. 

1890 Hollopeter, Chas. M., Beatrice, Neb. 
1903 Holman, Henry D., Rockwell, la. 

1894 Homan. Ralph Waldo, Webster City, 

la. 

1894 Horton, Frank W., Sanborn, la. 
1900 Hoskins, John B., Sioux Falls, S. D. 
1896 Hoskins, Samuel B., Sioux City, la. 

1881 Howard, George S., Exeter, Neb. 
1896 Howe, Arthur W., Des Moines, la. 
1900 Howe. Mariam A. (Mrs. A. D. 

Pugh), Des Moines, la. 

1900 Howe, William F. 

1903 Huff, Ellsworth A., Maquoketa, la. 

1882 Hullhorst, C. J. A.. Lincoln, Neb. 
1882 Hullhorst; Frederick, Yutan, Neb. 

1889 Hullhorst, Paul, Chicago, 111. 

1891 Humphrey, Frank D., Grand Rapids, 

Wis. 

1895 Humphrey, Alice M. (Mrs. J. B. 

Hatch), Des Moines, la. 

1895 Humphrey, Howard M., Lake City, 

la. 

1896 Hunt, Wm. F., Davenport, la. 

1880 Hunter, L. K. (Dec.) 

1896 Huntoon, Gardner A., Des Moines, 

la. 

1884 Huxley. A. T.. Mason City, la. 

1894 Isom, Francis M.. Dunkerton. la. 

1903 Jackson. Anna (Mrs. Cyrus W. 
Longshore). Waterloo, la. 

1894 Jacobson, R. A., Lake View, la. 

1890 Johnson, Leora, Iowa City, la. 
1893 Jones. Thomas J., Bevington. la. 

1881 Joy. Lizzie E. (Mrs. Eldridge), Daw- 

son, la. 

1901 Kauffnian. Edward C. Lhiion, la. 

1897 Kauffnian. Frank E., Lake City. la. 

1898 Kauffman. William A., Conrad, la. 
1903 Keaster. Joseph B.. Crcston, la. 
1884 Keller. Francis, Dallas. Texas. 

1893 Kelso, Isabella F., Waterloo. la. 
1901 Kemp, Everett D.. Denison. la. 
1903 Kemp, Malcolm E., Lake \"iew, la. 

1895 Kennedy. Wm. R., Milwaukee. Wis. 

1894 Kilbourne, Jay M., Sioux City. la. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



21; 



1885 Kile, William T., Plainview, Neb. 

1894 Kimball, Adele P. (Mrs. Chas. H. 

Graening), Waverly, la. 

1886 Kirkpatrick, R. S., Des Moines, la. 
1882 Knight, Frank M., Alliance, Neb. 
1888 Krogstad, Henry, Washington, D. C. 

1898 Lambert, Elmer J., Ottumwa, la. 

1888 Lankton, Freeda M., Omaha, Neb. 

1885 Lanning, Qiarles, Morrison, 111. 

1901 Launder, Frank T., Gar\Wn, la. 

1887 Lawrence, Ed. S., Des Moines, la. 

1887 Lee, Frank W., Riceville, la. 
1891 Lewis, Edgar C., Lyons, la. 

1897 Lillie, Bertha S. (Mrs. D. Mason), 

Cripple Creek, Colo. 

1904 Lintleman, Fred R., Harlan, la. 

1904 Loizeaux, Charles E., Dubuque, la. 

1889 Loizeaux, Charles J., Des Moines, la. 
1903 Longshore, Mrs. Cyrus W. (Anna 

Jackson), Waterloo, la. 

1881 Lount, Robert, Hempstead, N. Y. 

1896 McBurney, Geo. F., Belmont, la. 

1899 McCabe, Fordyce, Fairfield, Neb. 
1889 McCeney, Edward M., Dubuque, la. 

1888 McChesney, Mrs. M. J., Osceola, 

Neb. 

1886 McClean, S. N., Cleveland, Ohio. 

1902 McDowall, Gilbert T., Hampton, la. 

1900 McGarvey, Marie M., Franklin, Neb. 
1891 McKee, Bart (Dec.) 

1899 Marble, Pearl L., Liscomb, la. 

1882 Marr, Harvey C, Victor, la. 

1889 Marsh, Franklin A., Seward, Neb. 

1887 Martin, Albert L., Clinton, la. 

1901 Martin, Hobart E., Elvira, la. 

1897 Marvin, Henry N., Sioux City, la. 
1897 Mason, Mrs. D. (Bertha S. Lillie), 

Cripple Creek, Colo. 

1893 Matheson, Arny, Neillsville, Wis. 

1884 Meredith, W. C, Caro, Mich. 

1881 Merry, Wcltha A., Cresco, la. 

1890 Messenger, Harriet E., Des Moines, 

la. 

1899 Metzinger, John J., Fremont, Neb. 

1893 Miles, Franklin P., Black Hawk, 

Colo. 

1888 Miller, John P.. Kansas City, Kan. 
i88r Milkr, William, Davenport, la. 

1895 Mills, Caroline, Evanston, Wyo. 
1893 Moorhead, James, Marion, la. 
i8c)o Morford, Cornelius M., Toledo, la. 
i88r Morton, William M., Iowa Falls, la. 
1895 Moss, l-'lora C. (Mrs. Jackson). 

Maltoon, III. 

l8(;i Muirhcad, George S., Marion, la. 

n^)i Musgr.'ive, (iCO. J., Cinoinnali. la. 

18S4 Myers. Mary A. (Doc.) 

1888 Neitman, Louis I"'., Clinlon, I:i. 

1888 Nelson, John S, lM)rl Dodgo, la. 



1893 Newbold. Edwin H., San Leander, 

Cal. 

896 Newbold, Reuben L., Colusa, Cal. 

879 Newell, Robert C, Chicago, 111. 

892 Newland, Mark A., Center Point, la. 

895 Nichols, Frank L., Sutherland, la. 

887 Norcross, Carl V., Butte City, Mont. 
886 Norcross, W. S., Lewiston, Me. 

878 Oren, Samuel A., Lewiston, 111. 

903 Owen, William R., Osage, la. 

896 Oyler, Norman D., Downey, la. 

902 Page, C. v., Council Bluffs, la. 

891 Paislej', Charles L., Farmington, la. 

893 Palmer, George W., Downey, la. 

888 Parker, James W., Peoria, 111. 

888 Parker, Mrs. Jas. W. (Theodocia 

Bennett), Peoria, 111. 

901 Parsons. Percv L., Traer, la. 

886 Paul, Frank D., Rock Island, 111. 

881 Pearse, Susan S. (Dec.) 

897 Peck, Raymond E., Davenport, la. 

884 Peerv, Bessie E. 

889 Perr}', Marie G., Ithaca, N. Y. 

891 Phelps, Myron, Van Wert, la. 

881 Poland, George, Poland, la. 

893 Pollard, Alpheus L., Denver, Colo. 

901 Pond, Issa O., Sioux Rapids, la. 

885 Preston, Abi L. (Mrs. Nutting). 

882 Printv, James A., Chicago, 111. 

884 Pyle, Charles W.. Kansas City, Mo. 

893 Quisling, Andreas, Madison, Wis. 

892 Reinhold, Hanna C, Williamsport, 

Pa. 

884 Remington, F. A. (Dec.) 

901 Richards. Frank O., Winterset, la. 

89^ Richardson. Emma F., Cedar Rapids, 

la. 

895 Richardson, E. E., ^^'ehster City, la. 

883 Rohhins, Fred, Woodbine, la. 
895 Robertson, Orrin, Quenenio. Kan. 
881 Robinson, George A. (Dec.) 

(J04 Rogers, Ernest .-V., Iowa City, la. 

t)00 Rorabaugli, William E.. Des Moines, 
la. 

894 Rosan, Eleanor E.. Chicago, 111. 
S()4 Ross. Alice I.. Whittier. la. 

904 Rowat, Harrv L., Albia. la. 

883 Rowe. William H., Waukesha. Wis. 

883 Rumsey. Fred B., .Mmeua. Kan. 

^^)^ Sage. Fred C. Waterloo, la. 

gu3 .Sandy, Rcnj. B, Shenand»iali. la. 

<>oi .Sarcliet. George .\., l.ansfor*!. N. P. 

S.>8 Sarehot, Llovd II.. Walker, l.i. 

SXo Sehwart/. C. M. II., IVWitt. la. 

Kc^) Seelev. George O., Grand K.ipids, 

Midi. 

iStj3 Seemau, William O, I'-.m Claire, 

Wis 



214 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



1897 Semones, William M., Atlantic, la. 
1895 Schaffer, William E.. Hedrick, la. 
1895 Shaw, Luella G. (Mrs. F. \V. Dean), 

Shenandoah, la. 

1898 Skinner. Fred C, Le Claire, la. 

1895 Smith, Mark H., Eagle, Colo. 

1901 Snitkay, Charles J., Belle Plaine, la. 

1882 Snyder, Byron S., Ballard. Mo. 

1881 Somers, F. N., Beulah. Colo. 

1887 Southworth, F. W., San Francisco, 

Cal. 
1897 Speaker, Everett E., Lake View, la. 

1883 Speicher, John G., Chicago, 111. 

1882 Spencer, Hulda, Denver, Colo. 

1882 Stevens, Frank E. (Dec.) 

1901 Stoakes, William H., Humboldt, la. 
1886 Stratton, Daniel E., Chinese Camp, 
Cal. 

1886 Strawbridge, Frank A., Sigourney, 

la. 
1897 Struble, Linton W., West Liberty, 
la. 

1888 Suffa. George A.. Boston, INIass. 

1887 Swan, Clare J., Chadron, Ohio. 
189I Swetland, Agnes V., Omaha, Neb. 
1891 Swinburne, Arthur H., Marietta, 

Ohio. 

1883 Taylor, Ellen A., Chicago, 111. 

1897 Taylor, Morrison A., Spencer, S. D. 

1896 Thomas, Adelaide E.. Sioux City, la. 

1884 Thomas, A. H., Trenton, Neb. 

1879 Thompson, James H., Davenport, la. 
1890 Thompson, Thomas F.. Snohomish, 

Wash. 
1896 Thomson, Belle M. (Mrs. Bean). 

Vinton, la. 
1893 Tiffany, DeForest E., Cedar Rapids, 

la. 



1883 Tiffany, John W., Hiawatha, Kan. 
1898 Todd, Victor C. (Dec.) 

1893 Tribon, Francis L., Algona, la. 

1894 Vandeveer, Frank L., Cedar Rapids, 

la. 

1880 Van Sickle, A. R., Hastings, Neb. 
1894 Vint, Geo. A., Hindsboro, 111. 
1887 Vroom, Charles W., Ackley, la. 

1882 Waggoner, Nettie,. Kansas City, Mo. 

1893 Watson, Samuel N., Chillicothe, O. 

1881 Watzek, J. W., Davenport, la. 

1896 Wentch, Geo. F., Cedar Rapids, la. 
1901 Wenzlick, Geo. J., Hills, la. 

188s Wessell, A. E. (Dec.) 

1897 Westenburger, Jas. C, St. Ansgar, 

la. 

1891 Whiting, Mary, Redlands, Cal. 

1892 Wiggins, Hiram N., Allerton, la. 
1887 Wight, William C, Sheldon, la. 

1884 Wilbur, Carrie A., Minneapolis, 

Minn. 
1903 Wild, Peter R., Earlham, la. 
1901 Wilkinson, Landy A., Manzanola, 

Colo. 

1894 Wilson, J. W., Oroville, Cal. 

1881 Wilson, W. H., Paris, 111. 

1882 Winchell, Harvey R., Rich, Idaho. 
1880 Winter, F. W., Adams. Neb. 

1901 Winters, Louis E., Wilton Junction, 

la. 
1903 Woltman, Wm. H., Iowa City, la. 

1894 Woodward, Archie C, Decorah, la. 

1895 Woolverton, Ella G. (Mrs. Guy S. 

Calkins), Iowa City, la. 

1900 Young. Glyndon .\., Fremont, Neb. 



HISTORY OF HO^ICEOPATHY 215 



CHAPTER VI 

THE NEW YORK OPHTHAL^[IC HOSPITAL AND ITS SCHOOL. 

In 1852, on April 21, an institution known as the New York Ophthalmic 
Hospital was incorporated for the purpose of affording facilities for the in- 
struction of medical students in the treatment of all diseases of the eye and 
ear. In accordance with the design of its founders it was opened under tlio 
auspices and in the interest of the allopathic school of medicine, and was so 
maintained until 1867, although with indifterent success so far as achieved 
results were concerned. It may be said, however, that throughout the fifteen 
years of its existence as an allopathic institution the medical staff of the hos- 
pital was composed of able physicians and specialists of the old school, but 
through some cause the work accomplished did not meet the highest expec- 
tations of the founders. Indeed, during the entire period mentioned less than 
fifteen thousand patients were treated, an average of less than one thousand 
for each year. 

This was sufficiently discouraging to induce the directors to change the 
methods of medical treatment in the institution, in which determination they 
were in a great measure influenced by Dr. Timothy Field Allen, who even 
then was a conspicuous figure in the homoeopathic profession, a famous organ- 
izer and builder of institutions of his own school and, withal, one of the most 
earnest workers in whatever cause he enlisted himself the city of New York 
ever has known. In their discontented frame of mind the hospital directors 
had recourse to Allen for counsel and guidance, and having entire faith in 
his representations and promises, they resolved to reorganize the medical 
department of the hosiptal and place the same under homoeopathic super- 
vision; and in June, 1867, the then attending board of surgeons was given 
permanent leave of absence (in lieu of dismissal) and a resolution was passed 
that homoeopathic methods of treatment be thereafter employed, under the 
immediate charge of Dr. Allen and his faithful co-worker. Dr. C. Th. Liebold. 

As its name indicates, the hospital originally was intended to treat dis- 
eases of the eye only, but as years passed and the relative importance of that 
neglected organ, the ear, became apparent, it was thought best to enlarge the 
sphere of operation and usefulness of the institution, and to that end in i860 
the articles of incorporation were amended to include treatment of diseases 
of the eye and ear. Still later, as advanced practice taught that the throat 
was intimately associated with aural troubU'S, a department of laryngology 
was established in 1875. 

In 1870, by an act of the legislatiu"e, the directors oi the hospital were 
authorized and empowered, n])on the recommendation of the board of sur- 
geons, "to grant and confer the degree of oculi ct auris c/uVj/r^^M/.v " (surgeon 
of the eye and ear) upon students found qualified to receive such decree; 
but the standard of requirement in this department of special medical instruc- 
tion always has been high ; the cmdidatc nuist have attended the full course 
of instruction givi'U and nuist ]iresent satisfactor\' evidenci' that he liolds the 
diploma of <loclor of iinilit inc .iiid ibat the (U"L;ree iinist have lu'i-n olitained 



210 



HISTORY OF HO.MCEOPATHY 



at least one year previous to applying for the degree of ociili ct auris chir- 
urgus. 

In addition to the regular course of the instruction department special 
students, physicians, are admitted to the nose and throat course, which includes 
both didactic and clinical teaching, and certificates of attendance are awarded 
those who have attended this course and complied with all its requirements. 

The first home of the Ophthalmic Hospital was in Stuyvesant place, 
where it remained until 1858 and then removed to No. 63 Third avenue, 
remaining in that location two years. In i860 it found quarters at Fourth 




New York Ophthalmic Hospital. 



avenue and Twenty-eighth street. In 1872 it occupied its permanent home, 
built for its own use and suited to its purposes, at Third avenue and Twenty- 
third street. The cornerstone of the new building was laid October 5, 1871, 
and when the structure was finished, in 1872, its upper floors were occupied 
in conjunction by the hospital and the New York Homoeopathic Medical Col- 
lege. The purchase of land and erection of the hospital building called for a 
considerable outlay of moneys and involved the corporation in debt; but this 
was removed through the munificence of Mrs. Emma A. Keep, widow of 
Henry Keep, who endowed the institution with the splendid gift of $100,000 
as a memorial of her husband. The college was maintained in the hospital 
building until the close of the session of 1888-1889. when it removed to its 
own new building at Sixtv-third street and Avenue A, but the more than 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 217 

seventeen years of joint occupancy constituted a period of profitable and 
pleasant association for both schools. 

The history of the Ophthalmic Hospital and its school as an institution of 
homoeopathy begins with the time when Allen and Liebold were vested with 
a\ithority to re-establish the institution under homoeopathic regulations and 
methods and to use their best endeavors to conduct it in accordance with the 
true intentions of its founders. It is evident that the directors had every 
confidence in Dr. Allen when they treated with him in regard to assuming 
supervision of the hospital, and it is certain that subsequent results justified 
their action, however much it may have been censured at the time by the 
school of medicine whose representatives had been overthrown in their system 
of management ; and it is equally certain that under the new control the suc- 
cess of the institution was as remarkable as its previous failure had been. 
Under the guiding hand of Allen the hospital scon took rank in the medical 
world. It always has been a school to itself, having no fellow, no competitor, 
hence is incapable of being placed in comparison with any other. It is, too, 
in a sense a public institution, the educational department of which represents 
a comparatively small part of its work ; the holders of its diploma and degree 
number only a few hundred, but the number who are treated in its wards 
and free department every year are counted by ten thousands. The real worth 
of the hospital is measured by the good accomplished in the relief of suflfering 
humanity rather than by the number of graduates who receive its coveted 
diploma ; but in this respect the mission of the institution is twofold, and by 
imparting to others the knowledge of its own staflF. and thus enabling them 
to accomplish good work in other fields, is a part of the benevolent purpose 
which animated its founders more than half a century ago. 

When the hospital under the increased powers conferred by the legisla- 
ture became an educational institution in fact, a regular faculty of instruction 
was appointed, the members of which in the several professorial chairs were 
as follows : 

C. Th. Liebold, M. D., operative surgery. 

Timothy Field Allen, M. D., ophthalmoscopv and diseases of the optic nerve and 

retina. 
Henry C .Houghton, M. D., anatomy and diseases of the internal and external ear. 
George S. Norton, M. D., diseases of the uveal tract and glaucoma. 

Resides these chairs were several lectureships, tlien filled as above, and 
among those so connected with the school were Drs. D. B. Hunt. William E. 
Rounds, F. H. Boynton. Charles Deady, X. L. McBride and Charles C. 
Bo)lc, each of whom held the degree of O. et A. Cliir. Hunt. Rounds and 
Boynton were made professors in 1881. 

In 1883, at the request of the directors, the hospital staff was reorganized, 
and at the same time officers of the college were elected, as follows: C. Th. 
Liebold, president; Henry C. Houghton, dean; F. H. Boynton, secretary. 
William K. Roimds succeeded Houghton as dean, and was in turn, in i8«)^ 
succeeded by N. L. IMiliridc, wlio i^ave wav to Charles Hcad\ , the presi-nt 
dean, in 1901. 

The committee of instruction of the board of tiirectors in 11K14 coin- 
pri.sed Jared S. Babcock. J, W. Arthur and Dr. Charles Deady. The boani oi 
directors were George W. Clarke, A. M., I'h.D.. presiilent ; C. F. Dietrich, 
vice-president; F.lias C. P>enedict, trcaMuir; J. W. .\rthur, secretary; .v\i\ 
Jared S. Babcock. I". II. Boynton, .\I. D., Charles I.. Brown, t\ B. Church. 



218 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



Charles Deaclv. M. D., R. C. Jackson, William E. Rounds, Theo. F. Sanxay, 
Charles T. Wills and Howard C. Smith. 

The personnel of the teaching faculty for the session of 1904- 1905 was as 
follows : 



C. H. Helfrich, M. D. 
George A. Shepard, M. D. 
Frederic G. Ritchie, M. D. 
G. DeW. Hallett. M. D. 
GeorRC W'. McDowell, M. D. 



Eye and Ear Division. Surgeons — 

William E. Rounds, M. D. 

Frank H. Bovnton, M. D. 

Charles Deady, M. D. 

N'. L. McBride, M. D. 

Charles C. Boyle, M. D. 
Assistant Surgeons — 

Helen Cooley Palmer, M. D. H. S. Willard, M. D. 

E. S. ISIunson, }kl. D. 
Nose and Throat Division, Surgeons — 
' A. W. Palmer, M. D. Irving Townsend, M. D. 

C. E. Teets, M. D. S. H. Vehslage, M. D. 

Assistant Surgeons — 

W. E. Delabarre, M. D. 

GRADUATES OF THE HOSPITAL 

before the institution had the right to confer the degree of Oculi et Auris 
Chirurffus. 



1877 Anderson, J. N., M. D. 
1879 Bates, F. D. W., M. D. 

1875 Bovnton, Frank H., M. D. 
1872 Brooks, Charles G., M. D. 

1878 Buffum. J. H.. M. D. 
1874 Couch, Louis B., M. D. 

1874 Gushing, Ira B., M. D. 

1878 Deady, Charles, M. D. 

1876 Deuel, W. Estus, M. D. 

1875 Fowler. William P., M. D. 
1872 Franklin. B., M. D. 

1879 French, H. C, M. D. 
1874 Gilbert. Harvey, M. D. 

1872 Hart, C. L., M. D. 

1873 Hitchcock, Dexter. M. D. 
1873 Hunt, D. B., M. D. 

1878 Janney, Frances G., M. D. 

1878 Kimball, L. H., M. D. 



1877 Lewis, F. Park, M. D. 

1879 Linnell, E. H., M. D. 

1879 MacBride, N. L., M. D. 

1875 McDermott, George C, M. D. 

1873 Norton, Claude R., M. D. 

1872 Norton. George S., M. D. 

1873 Phillips, W. A., M. D. 

1874 Plimpton. Clara C, M. D. 

1874 Rounds. W. E., M. D. 

1875 Rowell, Charles E., M. D. 

1876 Runnels. Moses T., M. D. 
1876 Ryder, Emma B., M. D. 

1872 Smyth, Frank, M. D. 
1876 Squier, E. B., M. D. 
1879 Wait, P. J. B., M. D. 

1875 Wanstall, Alfred, M. D. 

1873 Westover. H. W., M. D. 

1876 Wildes. Thomas, M. D. 



GRADUATES WHO HAVE RECEIVED THE DEGREE OF OCULI KT AURIS CHIRURGUS. 

The degree was first conferred in the spring of 1880 upon the following 
assistant surgeons: D. B. Hunt, M. D. ; William E. Rounds, M. D. ; F. H. 
Bovnton, M. D. ; J. H. Buffum, M. D. ; Charles Deadv, M. D. ; N. L. Mac- 
Bride. M. D. : 



1895 Andrew. Richard M., M. D.. N. Y 
1891 Angell. Augustus, M. D., N. Y. 

1896 Baldwin, Edward H.. M. D., N. J. 
1898 Beggs. Wm. F., M. D., N. J. 

1883 Bell. Willard N.. M. D., N. Y. 
1886 Best, Frederick W., M. D., N. Y. 

1884 Boice. Emma L., M. D., N. Y. 
1888 Bowen. George R., M. D., Texas. 
1880 Boyle. Charles C. M. D., N. Y. 
1891 Braden, C. F.. M. D., Texas. 
t88i Brown, E. C, M. D., Mich. 



1880 Brown. Tames F.. M. D.. Mich. 

1892 Buffum. F. E., M. D., 111. 

1886 Bullel. Krishnarao B., M. D., India. 

1891 Butchard. James. M. D.. Ontario. 
1900 Bywatcr. Wm., LeClaire, M. D., Iowa. 
1883 Campbell. Alex.. M. D., Ohio. 

1889 Clark, Frederick L., M. D., R. I. 

1892 Clark. E. A., M. D.. Mass. 
1896 Coolev, Helen. M. D., N. J. 

1887 Crippen, H. H., M. D.. Mich. 
1883 . Davis, C. G., M. D., W. Va. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



219 



1891 
1901 
1898 
1900 
1880 

1904 
1883 
•1888 
1&S6 
1904 
1894 
1894 
1S90 
1896 
1&S2 
1894 
1882 
1891 
1892 
1886 
1885 
1894 
1891 

1897 
1903 
1887 
1894 
1888 
1887 
1904 
1890 
1894 
1885 
1892 
1900 

1896 
1902 
1891 
1894 
1898 
1903 
1892 
1891 
1899 
1894 
1899 
1899 
1889 



Day, L. A. L., M. D., W. Va. 1890 

Dean, L. W., M. D., N. Y. 1901 

Dowling, Joseph I., M. D., N. Y. 1889 

Eaches, Wm. DeHaven, M. D., Pa. 1904 

Eggemann, C. A. Rudolph, M. D., 1881 

Mich. 1881 

Eikenbury, A. A., M. D.. Ind. 1892 

Elebash, C. S., M. D., N. Y. 1886 

Elebash, Carl P., M. D., N. Y. 1894 

Ellis, C. F. J., M. D., Ind. 1898 

Elting, R. L., M. D., N. Y. 1890 

Fahnstock, W. H., M. D., Ohio. 1887 

Fawcett, J. M., M. D., Ohio. 1882 

Fisher, Hugh F., M. D., Texas. 1894 

Fiske E. Rodney, M. D., N. Y. 1891 

Foster, G. Wilmarth, M. D., 111. 1898 

Foster, William E., M. D., N. Y. 1881 

Fuller, Charles G., M. D., 111. 1892 

Gates, Alfred, M. D., Pa. 1887 

Gibson, F. M., M. D., Mich. 1884 

Gradv, ]\Iarv E., M. D., N. Y. 1894 

Green, Frank P.. M. D., Ark. 1895 

Haas. George H.. M. D., Pa. 1888 

Hallett, George DeWayne, M. D., 1894 

N. Y. 1889 

Harris, James E., M. D., N. Y. 1898 

Harrison, Herbert A.. M. D., N. Y. 1885 

Hart, Arthur H., M. D., N. Y. 1898 

Harvey, J. M., M. D., Ohio. 1896 

Heberton, Wm. W., M. D., N. J. 1882 

Helfrich, Charles H., M. D., N. Y. 1890 

Hill, Emilv L., M. D., N. Y. 1884 

Hoag, Frank Lindlev, M. D., N. Y. 1889 

Holly, A. C. C, M. D., Hayti. 1884 
Hopkins, Nehemiah S., M. D., N. Y. 1889 

Horr. A. W., M. D., Mass. 1882 

Hughes, Wm. Blakemore, M. D., 1888 

Ark. 1903 

Hunt, Ella, M. D., Ohio. 1904 

Hyde, Louis D., M. D., N. Y. 1904 

Ireland, G. M., M. D., Ohio. 1890 

Jewett, J. W., M. D., Conn. 1898 

Kelly, Charles W., M. D.. N. Y. 1891 

Kerr, Harlan T., M. D., HI. 1899 

Klein, Emma, M. D., Mich. 1885 

Lee. W. R.. M. D., Pa. 1884 

Lemmcrz, T. IL, M. D,, N. J. 188^ 

Lewis. J. D., M. D., Pa. 1898 

Lloyd. R. I., M. D., N. Y. 1881 

Maver. Henrietta. M. D.. N. Y. 1890 

Mc'DowiII, (KorKo W'.. M. D., N. Y. 180.1 



McGuire, J. Frank, M. D., Mich. 
McKenzie, J. E., M. D., N. Y. 
McLellan, J. H., M. D.. Canada. 
Miller, D. W., M. D., Oklahoma. 
Moffat, Edgar V., M. D., N. Y. 
Moffatt, John L., M. D., N. Y. 
Moriaritv. P. C, M. D., N. Y. 
Morrell, Charles B., M. D., Ohio. 
Morris, W. S., M. D., Ohio. 
Munson, Edwin S., M. D., X. Y. 
Newberrj'. Frank G., M. D., Iowa. 
Norton, Charles O., M. D., N. Y. 
Norton, A. B., M. D., N. Y. 
Palmer, John B., M. D., N. Y. 
Parker, A. A., M. D., N. Y. 
Patterson, Joseph M., M. D., Ohio. 
Peterson, A. C, M. D.. Cal. 
Piatti, V. C, M. D., N. Y. 
Pratt, Edwin J., M. D., N. Y. 
Rabe. F. E., M. D., N. Y. 
Redmon. G. W., M. D., 111. 
Reed, Robert G., M. D., Ohio. 
Reynolds, Warren U., M. D., N. Y. 
Rhoades, George, M. D., Vt. 
Ritchie, Frederick G., M. D., Mass. 
Roe, Samuel A., M. D., Mo. 
Schenck. Herbert D., M. D.. N. Y. 
Seitz, Frank B., M. D., N. Y. 
Sheets. Charles A., M. D., Ohio. 
Sheldon, Floyd P., M. D.. N. Y. ' 
Shepard, George A.. M. D., Conn. 
Simpson. W. C.. M. D.. Iowa. 
Speakman. William W., M. D., Pa. 
St. John. C. W.. M. D.. W. I. 
St. John. Edward T.. M. D., W. I. 
Sterling. C. F., M. D.. Conn. 
Stewart. Thomas M., M. D.. Ohio 
Stitzel. J. Wakefield. M. D.. Pa. 
Stocker. F. H., M. D.. Conn. 
Straughn. C. C, M. D., N. J. 
Strong, Charles H.. M. D.. Iowa. 
Strong, Chapman E.. M. D., \"t. 
Suffa. G. A.. M. D., R. I. 
'i'owslev. G. G.. M. D., Mich. 
Viets. Bvron B.. M. D.. Ohio. 
Warner, Alton G.. M. D.. N. Y. 
Williams. T. C. M. D.. N. Y. 
Willard. Hcnrv S.. M. D.. X. T. 
Wilson. W. F.. M. D.. Iowa. 
Witte. I'.ugone R.. M. D.. N. T. 
Worrall. M. Ruih, M. D.. X." Y. 



I'llYSICIANS WHO HAVE RECEIVED CEKTIF UATK.S OK r.ARYXGOLOGY 



i</)3 .\nil)ler. J. E.. M. D., N. Y. 

i88() Bowtn, (leorge R., M. 0., 'i'exas. 

1893 ("alish, Alf.xaiuler C. M. D.. N. J. 

1888 Chase. J. O.scoc, M. I). N. Y. 

i8o< Church. C. lic-rbtTt. M. I).. N. J. 

1889 (•(.nncllv. William II,. M. D.. N. Y. 
t8()6 iVlabarre. \V. I-. . M. D, N. Y. 

KXII I )nlv, (iforKC 1 I , M I) , \' ^' 



189.' I)..iv. G, W.. M. n.. X, Y 

1889 GaniMin. )ohii IV. .M. P.. \ \' 

18.;.' GrilVuli. .\. R.. M. n,. N. V. 

1888 Groves. Charles A.. M. P.. N. I. 

18.^. llelK-rtou. William W.. M. P.. X. 

|S(K> Hunt. Iv Irene. .\!, D. Ohio. 

MXM lenks. V. H. .M. D. X. Y 

I.).)! I. Mies. A M , M. P.. X. Y. 



220 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



1889 McCune, William E.. M. D., N. Y. 1893 
1887 McDowell, Georee W., M. D., N. Y. 1802 
1904 McKnight. W. C, M. D., N. Y. 1888 

1887 Miner, William S.. M. D, N. Y. 1893 

1888 Munroe. Francis H.. M. D., N. Y. 1888 

1890 Paige, H. Worthington, M. D., N. Y. 1888 

1885 Palmer. Arthur W., M. D.. N. Y. 1885 

1887 Pearsall, William S., :M. D., N. Y. 1904 
1904 Pearson, Mary C, M. D., N. Y. 1902 
1892 Pierce, W. I., M. D., N. Y. 1894 

1886 Pratt. Edwin J., M. D.. N. Y. 1886 
1890 Reynolds. Warren U., M. D., N. Y. 1894 

1888 Schumann, C, M. D., N. Y. 



Sherman. LeRoy B., M. D., N. Y. 
Stewart, G. A., M. D., N. Y. 
Stilwell. Benjamin W., M. D., N. Y. 
Street, Hermann E., M. D., N. Y. 
Strong, T. M., M. D., N. Y. 
Townsend, Irving, M. D.. N. Y. 
Teets, Charles E., M. D., N. Y. 
Tytler. James E., M. D., N. Y. 
Van Zandt. William M., M. D., N. Y. 
Wall. F. M., M. D., N. Y. 
Wilson, John E., M. D., N. J. 
Winchell, W. B., M. D., N. Y. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 221 



CHAPTER Vn 

PULTE MEDICAL COLLEGE, CINCINNATI, OHIO. 
By Charles E. Walton, M. D., LL. D. ; J. D. Buck, M. D., Asso. Ed. 

A history of Pulte College would not be complete without some mention 
of the pioneers of homoeopathy in Cincinnati. 

Dr. William Sturm, born in Saxony, June, 1796, a personal student of 
Samuel Hahnemann, introduced homoeopathy to Cincinnati in 1839. He soon 
established a large practice in spite of the pronounced opposition and ridicule 
of the old school physicians, and became extensively known in the border 
towns of southern Ohio. 

The second homoeopathic physician to locate in the city was Dr. Joseph 
H. Pulte, in allusion to whom the college was named. Dr. Pulte was a man 
of education and possessed great skill and abiUty in the practice of medicine. 
It is said of him that at one time when a distinguished Greek visited Cincin- 
nati Dr. Pulte was the only citizen to be found who could converse with the 
foreigner in his native tongue. 

Dr. Pulte was the son of a distinguished physician, with whom he first 
studied medicine, and was born in Germany, October 6, 1811. He was gradu- 
ated from the University of Marburgh in 1833. and soon afterward came to 
New York city and translated the writings of Hahnemann into English. He 
was one of the founders of the Allcntown Academy, which was the precurser 
of the Homoeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania, established in 1848. 
He located in Cincinnati in 1840 and won many laurels in the successful treat- 
ment of cholera during the dreadful epidemic of 1849. He published two 
well known books, I'ulte's "Domestic Medicine," and "Women's Medical 
Guide." He died in the city of his latest adoption, February 24, 1884. at the 
age of seventy-three years. 

From 1849 to 1872 many eminent homoeopathic physicians made Cin- 
cinnati the seat of their activities: Dr. Benjamin F. Ehrman, Dr. Davis. Dr. 
Garretson, Dr. Biglcr, Dr. James G. Hunt. Dr. Peck and Dr. William Owens. 
All these were practicing here in 1849. Dr. Gerhard Saal came in 1852; Dr. 
E. C. Wethcrell in 1853; Dr. Charles Cropper in 1854; Dr. Fred. l"!hrman in 
1857; 1^1"- J- W. LeeclVin i860: Dr. T. C. Bradford^ in i8()3: Dr. J. D. Buck 
in 1870; and Dr. S. R. Beckvvilh in 1870. 

By this time — 1872 — hom(eo[)athy had become thor^Hlghly establislied, 
and the demand for hom(eo])athic jihysicians was increasing. There were only 
six colleges in tlic Initt'd States — 1 laliiiemruin of Philadelphia, Xew York 
?Tom(Eopathic, ( 'K\ilaii<l I l«iin(e«tpatlii'r, Si. l.ouis I lonitcopathic, Hahne- 
mann of Chicagt), and the .\'e\v \'ork Medical College for Women. The time 
seemed ripi- for a new college. There was none in the south, ami those at 
St. 1. 1 mis and Chicago were the only ones in the west .-uui nortluvest. Drs. 
Beckwitli :ui(l I luck were fri'sh from college work in (."leveland, aiul their 
cnthusi.-ism was imab.ilt d ulun tlu-y IcK'ated in C^inciimati. They s;iw in this 
locatiiin .1 f.iNorablr lii-ld Inr ;i mw sch(V>l of m«'(licine and set about its organ- 
ization. I li(\ intiTi'stcd I )r. I'ullc, who Iiail Ikhoiiu- wealthx in the practice 




Pulte Medical College. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



223 



of medicine, and succeeded in securing from him the promise of substantial 
financial aid. Under his encouragement the fine propert}- at Seventh and 
Mound streets, occupied by ^laxwell's Young Woman's Academy, was pur- 
chased for $40,000, and in recognition of his munificence organized a college 
under the name of the Pulte ]\Iedical College. 

The first session was begun in the autumn of 1872, with the following 
board of trustees and faculty : 



TRUSTEES. 



Hon. Bellamj' Storer 

Hon. Job E. Stevenson 

Hon. M. B. Hagans 

Gazzam Gano 

John E. Bell 

J. L. Keck 

S. R. Beckwith, M. D. 

George Eustis 

A. H. Hinkle 

W. L. Evans 

Amos Shinkle 

F. C Huntington 

Hugh McBirney 



Hon. P. W. Strader 

R. yi. Bishop 

J. Stacey Hill 

John P. Epply 

A. D. Bullock 

C. F. Bradley 

John Cinnamon 

J. H. Pulte, M. D. 

J. X. Kinney 

J. W. Banning 

J. W. Baker 

M. H. Slosson, M. D. 

S. C. Foster 



Of these all are now dead but three — Mr. Stevenson. ^Mr. Gano and Mr. 
Foster. 

FACULTY. 

J. D. Pulte, M. D.. professor of the science of clinical medicine. 

M. H. Slosson, I\I. D., professor of institutes and practice of medicine. 
Charles Cropper, M. D.. professor of materia medica. 
William H. Hunt. M. D.. professor of obstetrics. 
T. C. Bradford, M. D., professor of g>'necology. 
D. H. Beckwith, M. D., professor of diseases of children. 

C. C. Bronson, M. D., professor of the principles of surgery and surgical pathology-. 
S. R. Beckwith, M. D.. professor of operative surgery. 

D. W. Hartshorn. M. D., professor of surgical anatomy and orthopedic surgery. 
William Owens, M. D., professor of anatomy. 

J. D. Buck, M. D., professor of physiology', pathology and microscopy. 

G. Saal, M. D.. professor of toxicology and hygiene. 

George R. Sage. Esq., professor of medical jurisprudence. 

N. F. Cooke, M. D.. Chicago, Ills., professor of special pathology and diagnosis. 

T. P. Wilson. M. D., professor of ophthalmic surgery and aural surgery. 

Emil Loescher, lecturer on chemistry. 

Of these Drs. Buck, D. H. Beckwith, Hartshorn and Wilson are still 
alive, though only one, Dr. Buck, is actively connected with the faculty. 

The session began September 26, 1872, and ejuled February 13. 1873, 
embracing the customar\- twcnt\ weeks which constituted a college course at 
that time. 

From the first Pulte Medical College adopted the graded plan of instruc- 
tion, thus departing from the old method of giving a dujilicate course for the 
two sessions, which was then re((uired for graduation. This resulte*! in more 
thorough instruction, and has become the established custom in all ci^lleges. 
There were thirty-eight matriculates and twelve graduates for the tirst session. 

The college has had seven deans : 

Dr. S. R. Beckwith. iS;.' lo 1876. 
Dr. William Owens, 1876 to 1877. 



224 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 



Dr. ^^. H. Slosson. 1877 to 1879. 

Dr. D. W. Hartshorn, 1879 to 1880. 

Dr. J. D. Buck, 1880 to 1891 ; 1892 to 1904. 

Dr. C. D. Crank. 1891 to 1892. 

Dr. C. E. Walton, 1904 — . 



In' addition to those constituting the first facuhy. the following have been 
identified with the college at different times : 



Dr. E. W. Fish 
Dr. C. E. Walton 
Dr. C. D. Crank 
Dr. J. J. Marvin 
Dr. J. W. Haines 
Qr. J. W. Vance 
Dr. F. H. Schell 
Dr. W. A. Franklin 
Dr. J. P. Geppert 
Dr. S. W. Cohen 
Dr. H. H. Harker 
Dr. J. E. Baker • 
Dr. J. W. Overpeck 
Dr. T. E. Linn 
Dr. A. Leight Monroe 
Dr. W. S. Hatfield 
Dr. Henry Snow 
Dr. G. W. Miller 
Dr. L. Phillips 
Dr H. H. Wiggens 
Dr. P. T. Kilgour 
Dr. A. E. Goldsmith 
Dr. W. T. Partridge 
Dr. A. C. Rockey 
Dr. S. E. Hyndman 
Dr. William Owens, Jr. 
L>r. S. A. Hageman 
Dr. G. C. McDermott 
Dr C. M. Liikens 
Dr. J. M. Crawford 
Dr. O. T. Joslin 
Dr. R. F. Buchanan 
Dr. Wm. A. Geoheg;in 
Dr. C. A. Pauly 
Dr F. W. Fischbach 



Dr. S. R, Geiser 
Dr. J. G. Keelor 
Dr. F. C. Gnnkle 
Dr. J. A. Davis 
Dr. L. D. Meader 
Dr. .Stella Hunt 
Mr. F. W. Hinkle 
Dr. A. W. Calloway 
Dr. F. W. Fischer 
Dr. R. G. Reed 
Dr. W. H. Fischer 
Dr. O. W. Lounsbury 
Dr. A. L. McCormick 
Dr. M. M. Eatow 
Dr. Lewis Sherman 
Dr. William Gaylord 
Dr. A. AL Countryman 
Dr. J. A. Lucy 
Dr. George B. Ehrman 
Mr. T. ^l. Hinkle 
Dr. Phil. Porter 
Dr. Thomas 'M. Stewart 
Dr. C. C. ]\reade 
Dr. S. D. Clayton 
Dr. C. Zurmuhlen 
Dr. A. L Babcndrier 
Dr. C. N. Cooper 
Dr. W. F. Findloy 
Dr. John Goddard 
Dr. C. H. Strublc 
Dr. E. S. Wiggcn 
Dr. W. F. Rcillv 
Dr. W. G. Hier 
Dr. W. N. Graessle 



The remainder will be found in the list of the present faculty. 

In 1874 Dr. William H. Holcombe, ex-president of the American Insti- 
tute of Homoeopathy, moved to the citv from New Orleans, formed a part- 
nership with Dr. S. R. P.eckwith, and 'identified himself with the college, to 
which he brought the benefit of rare scholarship. 

During the winter of 1878, Dr. T. S. Verdi, chairman of the board of 
health of the District of Columbia, delivered a week's course of lectures on 
sanitary science and public health, at the close of which, in recognition of his 
services the facultv and class presented him with a handsome silver inkstand 
and a gold pen. 

T'rirnarilv Pulte Medical College was organized for the instruction of 
male students, but before Icng the women were knocking for admittance. 
After a severe faculty conflict they were admitted; subse(|uenlly they were 



HISTORY OF HOMGEOPATHY 



225 



excluded for a few sessions, then finally the college became a co-educational 
institution. 

Early in its career the young college was nearly swamped by financial 
troubles, owing to the debt for the purchase of its real estate. The promised 
support of Dr. Pulte was not furnished and only after a bitter legal fio-ht. 
during w-hich the property was twice sold by the sheriff, was the title secured 
Too much honor cannot be paid Dr. William Owens for his heroic efforts in 
saving the property. In the meantime the scholastic efforts of the faculty 
were a success, and year after year numbers of physicians were turned out 
to swell the ranks of homoeopathy. 




Joseph H. PuItc, M.U. 

Many of I'ulte's graduates have ]K'ct)me distinguished in the profession, 
and have made their inlluence felt in the councils of many state societies and 
in the American Institute nf Homieopathy. One of them. Charles \\. Walton, 
was president «•!' tlic institute in 1900. when llu- iialuKMuann Moiuunent was 
dctiicated in the cit\ of Washington. 

As a stinnilus to study Pulte Medical College instituted the special degree 
of " Fellow of I'ulte College ". which was bestowed after three years of study 
and the passing of a special examination. Only a few of these degrees were 
given. \w<) of tlu- most prominent reeipi^MUs bting Piof. Charles Catchell oi 
Chicago, and Dr. ( leorgc C. Ji-ffi-ry of Rrooklvu. 

'!"(> the s.iiiic (11(1 ihc W lictstom- gold medal, ol the \;duc oi one hundred 



226 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

dollars, was given for superior attainments. In addition a gold medal and a 
silver medal were given to the two who had the highest and the second highest 
grades as determined by the college examination for graduation. 

Before many years it was thought that a Pulte diploma should furnish 
sufficient impetus for hard work and all prizes were withdrawn. The result 
proved the soundness of this judgment, as the grade-book bears evidence. 

In July, 1901, the upper story of the college building was destroyed by 
fire. This furnished the opportunity to remodel the entire structure and make 
of it a combined college and hospital. Several wards and single rooms and a 
fine operating room were provided. This improvement greatly enlarged the 
clinical advantages of the college, which already had the control of the Home 
for the Friendless and Foundlings, for obstetric and pediatric w^ork, and the 
Bethesda Hospital. In addition her students have access to the daily public 
clinics held in the Cincinnati Hospital. Associated with the college there has 
always been the Homoeopathic Free Dispensary, which yearly affords abun- 
dant material for clinical purposes. 

Some years ago Pulte for the second time experienced the keen disap- 
pointment of blasted financial expectation. Mr. William Hooper, a staunch 
supporter of homoeopathy, made the munificent bequest of one hundred thou- 
sand dollars, but unfortunately, he died within a year after his will was made. 
Under the Ohio statutes, the bequest was void. Some compensation for this 
great loss was furnished by Mr. Hooper's sister, Miss Caroline Hooper, who 
made an endowment of twenty-five thousand dollars, which was made oper- 
ative in 1904. 

" Old Pulte," as we call the college we are writing about, has done much 
for homoeopathy since her organization. Beginning with a strong faculty, 
many of whom were old college professors, it has been her policy to foster 
the ambitions of her alumni, until to-day every member of the faculty but 
two is one of her graduates. Every physician in Cincinnati who was willing 
to do college work has had an opportunity if he possessed any aptitude for 
teaching. Ability to teach has been the test, and to-day she possesses a strong 
corps of teachers. She has kept pace with the times and is able to compete 
with the best colleges in the country in fitting students to become successful 
practitioners. Her laboratories are ample, and the preliminary work of a 
medical education is thoroughly supplied. No college can furnish its students 
with both brains and instruction. The power to comprehend and assimilate 
must be furnished by the students. Several students who have failed to get 
a diploma have learned that the faculty is not omnipotent, and that in obtain- 
ing a m.edical education there is really something for the student to do. 

For several years the Hahnemann Society, and later the Philadelphos 
Society, formed exclusively of the students, performed an important function, 
its object being to review the lectures of the week. It met every Friday night. 
This was particularly serviceable when all the students attended all the lec- 
tures. With the development of the grade course, class distinction became 
more manifest, and the society fell into disuse. 

Then came the intercollegiate fraternities with their distinctive influence 
upon college life. It is doubtful, however, if the good work of the old Hahne- 
mann societies has ever been equalled, but their day is gone. 

The first commencement, at which ten graduates received diplomas, was 
held February 13, 1873. at Brock's hall, corner of Mound and Barr streets. 
The exercises, which were presided over by Judge Storer, president of the 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



board of trustees, were followed by a banquet, which was participated in by 
die trustees, faculty-, recent graduates and some of the under-graduates. It 
was a memorable occasion, and the daily papers gave extended notices of the 
event. Of all who responded to toasts that night, only two are alive to-dav. 
Prof. J. D. Buck and Prof. T. P. Wilson. The subject of the latter's toast 
was : " The Ladies, God bless them I They are all homoeopathic : they cure 
what they cause, — disease of the heart." The second commencement was held 
in Hopkins hall. Subsequent commencements were held in College hall, now a 
thing of the past. For the last several years the audience room of the Scottish 
Rite cathedral has been die scene of graduation. 




J. D. Buck. .M.D. 

One memorable commencement, at which forty-three were graduated, 
was held May 24. 1877, at Schmidt's pavillion. situated on the brow of Price 
hill, and was at that time one of the favorite resorts for Cincinnatians. The 
!' " . year, on May 28. 1878. the gra ' ^ were held at the 

house, another hill-top resort > - in the annals of 

nati. : -'^cs. 

he winter of 1876-7. a series of popular lectures were given by 
members or the faculty — in the college amphitheatre, which did much to at- 
tract public attention to the college. 

In the early part nt her career. Pulte made overtures of amalgamation 
to the Qeveland Homoeopathic College, but they proved to be unseductive. 



228 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



and the two colleges of the state have maintained an independent and suc- 
cessful existence. 

To the homoeopathic ladies of Cincinnati the college owes much. In 
answer to an appeal from the college, they held a fair through an entire week 
in December, 1874, in. College hall, from which was realized about four thou- 
sand dollars. 

Pulte looks back upon her thirty-three years of labor with reasonable 
pride. Her six hundred and sixty-five alumni are to be found in nearlv everv 
state of the union. She has a united faculty of seasoned instructors, and she 
is out of debt. With the colleges of other schools of medicine in Cincinnati, 




Charles E. Walton, ISLD., LL.D. 

she is at present burdened with a scarcity of students, owing to extraneous 
•causes. The high requirement for matriculation by the board of registration 
and examination has reduced the number of students so that there are in the 
-four colleges of the city barely eighty freshmen, while at one time there were 
Tiearly if not quite three hundred. The falling off of medical students through- 
out the country is very noticeable, but the ({ualit}- is improved, and the public 
does not yet seem to be clamoring for more doctors, \\nien it does, thev will 
be made. 

The alumni of Pultf have every reason to be proud of their alma mater. 
She is known throughout the land as one of the best homoeopathic colleges. 
She is recognized by the New York state board as a registered college. This 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 229 

recognition admits for a practitioner's license without attendance at ^ New 
York college. Her graduates have taken first honors at the New Y'ork Oph- 
thalmic Hospital College, and first honors at the Cumberland Street Hospital 
m Brooklyn. She furnishes an education that meets the demands of actual 
practice, and is constantly seeking to improve her methods of instruction. 

Of her first class — 1873 — consisting of nine, four are still living, of whom 
Dr. W. E. Green, of Little Rock, Arkansas, is known everywhere as a most 
accomplished surgeon. Hp has already been the first vice-president of the 
American Institute of Homoeopathy, and his host of friends in the profession 
are confident that still higher honors await him. His alma mater hopes to be 
first in congratulating him at that time. 

One of the great advantages furnished by Pulte for the last few years 
is seen in its obstetric clinic. Thirty years ago the graduate who had seen one 
case of labor during his college course was to be envied ; now the graduate 
who has not attended from ten to twenty cases, has not improved his oppor- 
tunities. The staff of the Home of the Friendless is composed of members 
of the Pulte faculty, and our students have the entre of that institution which 
for fifty years has been caring for unfortunate women of the city. This, with 
the college dispensary, furnishes all the labor cases the students care to attend. 

Another advantage cannot be passed without mention. During the entire 
session the amphitheatre of the Cincinnati Hospital is open to all the medical 
students of the city. Two hours each day are devoted to public clinics con- 
ducted by some of the most eminent physicians and surgeons in the west. 
This forms a most important part of the course of each medical college, and 
furnishes a desirable variety of instruction which appeals to the conscientious 
student. 

This history of Pulte has endeavored to bring together, in concise form, 
the salient points of interest, which, it is hoped, will interest the profession 
and her alumni. Xo attempt has been made to make this a pictorial history, 
with cuts of laboratories, lecture rooms, wards, or operating rooms, after the 
modern advertising method of summer resort hotels ; we prefer to let the 
statement of facts speak for her worth, and shall be content to exhibit a pic- 
ture of the one after whom the college was named : of the one who was for 
the greatest number of years her dean : of him who is present dean : and of tlie 
college itself. 

Pulte deserves the support of her alumni, and promises in return her 
faithful efforts to turn out from year to year physicians who can cope with 
the best in the endeavor to ameliorate suffering, and to cure the sick. 

TRrSTF.KS, OIFICKR.S AND FACILTV, I905. 

'irustces: rhoniuni M. llinkle, LL. B.. A M., president; H. C. Stewart, secretary: 
C. D. Crank, M. D., treasurer: Joseph Meader. Seth C. Foster, Ga/zam Gan<,>. 
Alexander Hill, J. D. Buck, M. D.. Charles E. Walton M. D. 
Officers of the Faculty: Charles E. Walton M. D., LL. D.. dean; S. R. Geisen. M D. 

registrar; C. A. I'auUy. ^L D., treasunr; W. II. .^niitli, M. D., secret. iry 
The Faculty: Dana W. llarl'^horn M. D. enierilns professor of surgery. 
C. 1). Crank. M. D, tnieritus professor of paedology. 
J. M. Crawford, A. M., M. D., LL. 1).. emeritus professor of physical diaguo>is 

and dise.ises of the chest. 
J. 1). Buck, M. 1)., professor of principles and practice of medicine and of mental 

diseases; lecturer on the organon and the science of honuropathy. 
Charles E. Walton, .\. M., .M. D., LL. D.. professor of operative and clinical 
siirgcTV and gyiucnlogy. 



230 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

W. A. Geohegan, M. D., professor of the practice of medicine. 

C. A. Pauley, M. D., professor of rectal surgery and genito-urinary diseases. 

A. L. McCormick, A. M., M. D., professor of physical diagnosis. 

Thomas M. Stewart, M. D., O. et A. Chir., professor of ophthalmology. 

Henry Snow, M. D., professor of neurology. 

S. R. Geiser. A. M., M. D., professor of materia medica and therapeutics. 

Lincoln Phillips, M. D., professor of physiology and paediatrics. 

H. H. Wiggers, M. D., professor of principles of surgery and of electpo-thera- 
peutics. 

F. W. Hinkle, A. B., professor of medical jurisprudence. 

J. A. Davis, M. D., professor and demonstrator of anatomy and lecturer on or- 
thopedics. 

P. T. Kilgour, M. D., professor of practice and dermatology. 




Thornton i\i. iluikle, LL.B., M.A., 
President Board of Trustees. 

F. W. Fishbach. Al. D., professor of the practice of medicine. 

L. D. Meader, A. M., M. D., professor of pathology, bacteriology and clinical 

microscopy. 
A. Babendreier, M. D., adjunct professor of the practice of medicine. 
R. G. Reed, M. D., O. et A. Chir., professor of otology and rhino-laryngology. 
W. H. Smith, M. D.. professor and demonstrator of chemistry and bacteriology. 
C. C. Meade, B. S., M. D., professor of obstetrics. 
C N. Cooper, M. D.. professor of materia medica. 
W. F. Riley, M. D.. professor of rhinology and laryngology. 
Lecturers and Demonstrators: F. W. Fisher, A. M., M. D., instructor in Latin and 

terminology. 
C. Zurmuhlen, M. D,. Icclurcr an pliarmacnlogy. 
W. T. Findley, M. D., demonstrator in the surgical laboratory. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



231 



C. H. Struble, M. D., lecturer on anatomy. 

E. S. Wiggers, M. D., assistant in the practice of medicine. 
W. G. Hier, M. D., lecturer on sanitary science and hygiene. 
George B. Ehrmann, M. D., lecturer on materia medica. 

W. N. Graessle, M. D., assistant demonstrator of embryology. 

Charles R. Buck, M. D., lecturer on physiology. 

Charles E. Geiser, M. D., demonstrator in histology. 

Ida E. McCormick, M. D., demonstrator in pathology and bacteriology. 

Ella G. Huntington, M. D., demonstrator in chemistry. 

John P. Throenle, M. D., clinical assistant to ophthalmology. 

F. C. Weber, M. D., assistant to pharmacology. 

G. W. Adams, M. D., clinical assistant to genito-urinary diseases. 

Laboratory Assistants: Bertha V. Anthony. M. D., assistant in clinical microscopy 
and pathology. 
Florence IM. Pollock, assistant in pathology' and bactefiology. 

PULTE ALUMNI. 



Year of 
Name. graduation. 

Adams, C. W Pa. 1890 

Adams, Frank Ohio 1875 

Adams, Glen 1904 

Aiken, Wm. H Ohio 

Alexander, H. Q Ohio 1897 

Allen, E. G Ky. 

Ammerman, F Ohio 1878 

Anderson, F. D Ohio 1893 

Anderson, Clarence Ky. 

Anderson, E Ind. 1877 

Andrews, Jas Ohio 

Anthony, Bertha V. H 1902 

Askenstedt, F. C Mich. 

Ayer, Chapman Ohio 1879 



Babendreier, Albert I Ohio 

Bagby, Geo. F Ky. 

Bashore, Jacob I Ohio 

Baker, Henry F Ohio 

Baker, J. F Ohio 

Baker, J. W N. Y. 

Baker, R. H Tenn. 

Bailey, N. H Ohio 

Baird, H. L Pa. 

Ballard, A. N Ind. 

Ballard, S. E 

Barbee, B. J Ohio 

Barlow, E. C 

iiarncs, L. S Ohio 

Bass, S. Q Ohio 

Ballin. D. W Ind. 

15.-<yliff, J. E Ohio 

Brail, I). W Ind. 

Itcall, T. E Ohio 

Hclxml, .Sarah J Ohio 

Bc-cUncr, J. F Ind. 

Hc.Uvvilli, Bruce S Ohio 

Bccbi-, Harrictta S N. Y, 

lU-il, J. D Texas 

'•'lU'iilly, Isaac Canada 

litiiKird, Cico. W Oliio 

liiddK', II. N Ohio 

Hicr, 1'. A i'.i 



899 
892 
899 
875 
873 
887 
881 
880 
889 
876 
902 
880 
(pi 
881 
8*)6 
883 
8«7 
884 
88^ 
88_' 

879 
884 
883 
H03 

S87 
870 

.S7S 



Year of 
Name. graduation. 

Bissell, Geo. R N. Y. 1877 

Black, S. S Canada 1875 

Blackburn, G. E Ark. 1879 

Blackburn, W. J Ohio 1900 

Blackford, Geo 1904 

Blackford, Harry 1904 

Blackshaw, J. E Pa. 1891 

Blaine, W. McG Ohio 1895 

Blair, T. L Pa. 1891 

Bliss, A. S Iowa 1898 

Blosser, N. H Ohio 1886 

Booth, Mary J Ohio 1885 

Bowers, I. H Ind. 1896 

Braden, C. F Texas 1890 

Bradford, Geo. M Pa. 1889 

Bradley, Benj. A Ohio 1882 

Brandon, J. D Ohio 1883 

Brant, A. T Pa. 1878 

Breckbill, H. F Ohio 1878 

Brewster, C. B 1904 

Brickley, Laura C Ohio 18S5 

Brigham, R. E Ind. 1880 

Brill, A. J Ohio 1887 

Britton, E. B Del. 1878 

Brooks, F. D N. Y. 1878 

Brown, G. E Mich. 1876 

Brown. Geo. E Ky. 1886 

Bnnvn. 11. S Me. 1891 

Brown. J. F Mich. 187s 

Brown, T. L Ohio 1878 

Brown, Tom W Ohio 1875 

Brown, Wm. L Ohio 1882 

Bryon, Joseph T Ky 1883 

lUichanan. Belle C (.'Hjio 1883 

Buclian.m, K. F Ohio 1877 

Buck. Clias. R uxu 

Buck. E. C Oiiio i8»)i 

♦Buck. O. II Wis, i8rt) 

*Buddeke, Joiin W Tcnii. 188=; 

Bulla. Jr„ J. M Ind, 188S 

Bull. W. II, H Ohio iSS^ 

Bums. J W \rk, 1S82 

Biiniss, Win K.iM iSS(> 



232 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



Year of 
Name. graduation. 

Burriss, Levi Ind. 1879 

Butchart, James Canada 1889 

*Byrkett, J. W Ohio 1878 

Caldwell, R. W Ohio 1895 

Campbell, Alex Mich. 1882 

Campbell, D. W Mich. 1882 

Campbell, O. J Canada 1876 

Campbell, I. V. C Pa. 1878 

Canaday, Wm. J 1900 

Capps, Wm Ore. 1883 

*Carranza, Panfilo Mexico 1882 

Carrick, R. L Ky. 1888 

Carter, P. S V.N. Y. 1886 

Carllich, J. W Iowa 1883 

Chamberlain, M Iowa 1878 

Charlton, A. J Canada 1897 

Chase, E. F Mich. 1879 

Clapper, D Ind. 1876 

Clavton, S. D Ohio 1896 

Cleary, J. L Wis. 1878 

Cleary, M. H Wis. 1878 

*Clemmer, F. O Ohio 1876 

Clemmer, J. W Ohio 1876 

CHfford, Geo. G Texas 1888 

Cobb, E. V Ohio 1878 

Coffeen, C R Ind. 1878 

Cohen, S. W Ohio 1878 

Combs, T. W Ind. 1885 

Conkling, Clifford W Ind. 1900 

Connell, R. D Ohio 1879 

Connell, R. W Ohio 1873 

Connelly, Ralph W Ohio 1882 

Cook, E. M Canada 1883 

Cook J. Homer Ohio 1883 

Conntryman, A. M Minn. 1881 

Covert, R. W Mich. 1878 

Coyner, J. W Tenn. 1878 

Craig, J. M Ky. 1891 

Crawford, J. M Ohio 1879 

Crank, F. DeW Cal. 1883 

Crawfis, Geo. A Pa. 1888 

Crooks, E. W Ohio 1874 

Cross. S. N Cal. 1877 

Cullison, M. R Pa. 1881 

Cnlter, F. O Ohio 1888 

Curtis, Alex N. Y. 1877 

Cutler, C. E Iowa 1878 

*Cutler, H. C Iowa 1876 

Cutler, W. P Ohio 1881 

Daily, J. C Ark. 1883 

Dashicl, W. R Texas 1985 

Davis, A. L Ohio 1877 

Davis, A. L Iowa 1881 

Davis, A. P 111. 1877 

Davis, J. A Ohio 1893 

Davis, J. H Ohio 1886 

Day, C. F Ohio 1883 

*Day, Geo. W Ind. 1889 



Year of 
Name. graduation. 

Day. L. A. L Ohio 1885 

Dean, D. A : . . . X. Y. 1878 

Deacon, Geo. H Peru, S. A. 1877 

DcLaureal, G. R La. 1891 

Dickey, F. J 111. 1879 

Dickey, J. W Texas 1886 

Dixon, W' . S Ohio 1876 

Downey. F. E 111. 1879 

Dunham, Frank Ind. • 1899 

Dwyer, H. H Ohio 1889 

*Dysart, D. M Ohio 1878 

Earle, E. W Ohio 1877 

Earnest, A Ohio 1878 

Eaton, Jr., M. M Ohio 1888 

Eaton. S. A N. Y. 1876 

Eby, H. W Ohio 1897 

Edgar, J. F Iowa 1877 

Edgar, S. F Ohio 1874 

Egry, Wm Ohio 1878 

Ehrman, Geo. B Ohio 1883 

Eiche, R. J. L Ohio 1886 

Ellis, J. T Ohio 1880 

Ely, John W Pa. 1882 

Ely, Jonas Pa. 1887 

Emery, W. C Ohio 1879 

Enos, W. H 111. 1880 

Estep, C. .S Ohio 1891 

Eubanks, W. C Ky. 1892 

Evans, E. M Ind. 1895 

Evans, O. C Ind. 1878 

Fackler, J. M Ohio 1878 

Fahnestock, W. H Ohio 1893 

Faries, Frank M Ohio 1885 

Fawcett, John W Ohio 1889 

Fenton, F. T Mich. 1891 

Ferris. C Ohio 1895 

Findley, W. T Ohio 1897 

Fish. Julia F 1901 

Fishback, F. W Ohio 1889 

Fi.scher. F. W Ohio 1897 

Fischer, C. E Kan. 1875 

Fischer, J. S Ohio 1876 

Fischer, W. H Mich. 1876 

Fitch, H. Leroy Pa. 1882 

Fletcher, C. G Kan. i88l 

Flynn, J. K Ohio 1879 

Ford, C. E Ohio 1885 

Foster, Geo Canada 1876 

Foster, H. E Mich. 1881 

*Ford, Ewell Ind. 1874 

Franks, Clara B 1902 

Freeman, E. F N. Y. 1883 

French, J. C Ohio 1875 

hVench. M. R Ohio 1880 

iM-istoe, E. L Ohio 1879 

Furnas, Robert Ohio 1877 

"'Garretson, Geo. C Ohio 1873 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



Year of 
Name. graduation. 

Gatchell, Chas Wis. 1874 

Gault, W. P Ky. 1897 

Gaylord, Wm Ohio 1884 

Geiser, Chas. E 1901 

Geiser, S. R Mo. 1875 

Geohegan, Wm. A 111. 1882 

George, J. D Ky. 1892 

Georgi, Sophia E Ohio 1899 

Geppert, J. P Ohio 1877 

Gessler, A. E •. . . . Mich. 1877 

Gibbs, F. L Ohio 1896 

Gilbert, C. H Ohio 1878 

Gill, W. E Ohio 1877 

Gilliland, Sarah M Ohio 1885 

Goddard, Jr., John Ohio 1897 

Goldsmith, A. E Minn. 1902 

Goodridge, Hannah 1903 

Goodsell, J. W Pa. 1898 

Gordon, I. B Ohio 1891 

Grabill, F. D Ohio 1878 

Graessle, Wm. N 1903 

*Grant, F. F N. Y. 1877 

Grant, G. D Ohio 1878 

Green, F. P Ark. 1881 

Green, W. E Ohio 1873 

Greene, S. Ward Ohio 1888 

Greene, E. Sumner Mo. 1882 

Grififin, C Ohio 1876 

Griffin, Judson W N. Y. 1877 

Griffin, S Iowa 1885 

Grosvenor, Elmer B Ind. 1882 

Haerr, J. A Ohio 1881 

Haffner, W. H Ohio 1879 

Hageman, S. A Kv. 1881 

Haines, .-Mbert D N. Y. 1884 

Haines, Chas. T X. Y. 1887 

Hakes, Chas. W N. Y. 1888 

Hammer, A. J N. Y. 1886 

Hammond, T. A N. Y. 1882 

Hampton. M. M Ind. 1876 

Hance, W. C Ohio 1888 

Harker, H. K Ky. 1878 

Harper, E Tenn. 1887 

Harrington, Johi» Neb. 1870 

Hastings, S. J Ind. 1S79 

Hastings, W. C Ind. 1888 

Hatcli, H. S Ohio 1892 

Hathaway, W. E Tenn. iKScj 

Hawlcy. H. W Ohio 1S80 

Heath, .V! 1) Pa. i8,S() 

'Mk-lt, 1.. I Ohio iS8() 

Ikiisliaw, J. C Pa. iS()(i 

Herr, I. J Ohio. iS(j4 

lliggins, J. M Ky. 1S93 

Hill. Frank R ....Ohio 1884 

Hini-ks. M. l^dward La. iS8.i 

IliiT, W. G Ohio 1SS4 

Hills, 11. B Ohi(. 1S88 

llcMlsnIl, (i. S . Ohli. lSi)4 



Year of 
Name graduation. 

Hofman, C. H Pa. 1878 

Holaday, Elwood Ohio 1886 

*Holcomb, J. B Ind. 1887 

Holtz, S. S Ohio 1877 

Hormel, F. B.. Ohio 1878 

Hoskinson, Wilson N Pa. 1882 

Howard, M. L 111. 1S91 

Hoyt, Annie F Ohio 1895 

Hoyt, Charles Ohio 1879 

Hovt, Frank H Pa. 1887 

Hubbard, W. S Pa. 1887 

Hubbs, O. A. Ohio 1879 

Hubbs, R. S Ohio 1896 

Huddlestone, A. S Ind. 1881 

Hudson, J. F Mo. 1885 

Huffaker, J. W Mo. 1878 

Hughes, C. W Ohio 1893 

Huggins, R. V Ohio 1891 

Hummel, Jacob Ohio 1875 

Hunt, E. M Kv. 1876 

Hunt, Geo. H 111. 1882 

Hunt, B. S Ohio 1877 

Hunt, G. G Ohio 1897 

Hunt, J. S Ohio 1891 

*Hu:it, L. Judd Kv. 1873 

Hunt, Stella , Ohio 1882 

Huntington, Ella E Tenn. 1900 

Huntsinger, E Col. 1877 

Huron, Hugh H Ind. 1900 

Huss, J. R Ohio 1879 

Hutchings, Henry 1903 

Innes, S. L 1904 

Ireland, C. B Ohio 1878 

Jackson, J. H Ohio 1878 

*Jackson, S. H Mass. 1879 

Jamison, M. R Pa. 1881 

Jeffrey, Geo. C Ohio 1875 

Jend. G. A Ohio 1897 

*Jenney. G. D Ohio 1873 

Juett, Fred L Ky. 189Q 

Johnson, C. E Ind. 1881 

Kai-tel, C. H Wis. 1S77 

Kcfler. E. B Mich. 1891 

Keeler, J. G Pa. i8t)2 

Kohoc. H. C Kv. 188=; 

Kolkr. H. S K'v. 189J 

Kiiidall. W. M Ohio i8t)2 

KiT-oy, J. H Ohio 1885 

KiilVr, C. .\ Ohio i87(» 

Kilgour, J. C Ohio 1877 

Kilgour, V. T Ohio jScj.' 

Kimball. I.. M \. H. iSSi> 

King. F. I Ohio 1S8S 

King, R. I Mirh. 1881 

Kinnoy, F. E Ky. 1804 

i\u\siiiRer. G. IV .0\\\o 1883 

Kirkiutrick. A S Ohio 188S 

Kirkjiatrick. W I Ohio i8tjl 



234 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



Year of 



Name. gradua 

Kissel, J. E Ohio 

Kleiser, Albert H Ky. 

Knight, W. B Ohio 

Krehbiel, C. J Ohio 

Lail, W. A Ky. 

Lambright, M. K Ohio 

Lane, R. W Ind. 

Lang. Benj. F Me. 

Lang, Otto Mich. 

Lauthurn, Eugene P Ohio 

Leatherman, J. H Ohio 

Leevey, Marian E. K 

Lelande, L. R Texas 

Levesque, H. B Ky. 

Lewis, A. H Pa. 

Lewis, F. Park N. Y. 

♦Lewis, J. V Ohio 

Light, G. A Ohio 

Light, J. W Ohio 

Light, J. H Kan. 

Lindley, P. H Mich. 

Lingenfelter, J. A Ohio 

Linn, H. G Ohio 

Linn, T. E Ohio 

Link, O. C Ohio 

Linkmeyer, Mary B Ohio 

Littler, Chas. E Mich. 

Logan, A. N Mass. 

Long, W. L Ohio 

*Lounsbury, G. W Ohio 

Lounsbury. Jr., O. W Ohio 

Lowry, J. H Iowa 

Lowrey. J. T Ky. 

*Loy, Elmer E Ohio 

Lucas, J. N Ohio 

Lucy, J. A., Honorary Ky. 

Lukens, L. C Ohio 

Lukens. C. M Ohio 

Lusk, W. J Mich. 

Lyon, Jr., Geo. G Ala. 

Lyon, O. J Iowa 

Mackensie. W. Y Texas 

Mackintosh, Clara A Ohio 

Macomber, G. N N. Y. 

McClean, J. T Ind. 

McCleary, Joseph R W. Va. 

McCormick, A. L Ohio 

McCormick, Chas. E Ohio 

McCormick, Ida E Ohio 

McCormick, R. L Ohio 

McCallum, J. H N. Y. 

McCrary, D. O Ala. 

McGrew, H Ohio 

McMicken, J. J Ohio 

*McTaggard, Alex Canada 

McTaggart, D. C Canada 

Mahaffey, A. H Ohio 

Alain, C. R 



Year of 



ion. 
876 
900 



877 
895 

8q3 
883 
880 
882 
888 
901 
894 
877 
889 
876 
878 



879 
885 
873 



877 
881 
891 
874 



876 
879 
873 
882 

875 
879 
880 
888 
875 



900 
883 
899 
900 
887 



875 
890 

877 
887 
874 
903 



Name gradua' 

Merean, L. P N. Y. 

Marshall, J. D Ohio 

Martin, Geo. E 

Marvin, John J Ohio 

Mather, N. W W. Va. 

Matting, Charles M Ky. 

Meade, C. C Ohio 

Meade, S. J. D Ind. 

Meader, L. D Ohio 

Meadow, A. E Ark. 

Meadow, J. M Ala. 

Meadow, J. D Tenn. 

Means, J. W Pa. 

Merchant, Wm. M W. Va. 

Meredith, C P Ky. 

Merson, Uberto H Wy. 

Meyers, J. C Ohio 

Miller, C. A Pa. 

Miller, Geo. L Ohio 

Miller, G. W Ohio 

Milliken. J. H Ind. 

Minor, Mary E Oliio 

Mitchell, W. T Ohio 

Mitchie, J. C Kan. 

Moll, T. M Mich. 

Morgan, P. B Mich. 

Morgan. W. L Ind. 

Morrell, Chas. B Ohio 

Morris, J. W.. W. Va. 

Morris, W. T 

Morrison, F. H Ohio 

Morrow, D. B Ohio 

Morrow, H. C Ohio 

Morrow, J. H Ky. 

Moore, C. B Ohio 

Mott, I. K Canada 

Mott. Luther A Ind. 

Muhleman, R. W Ohio 

Mullins, W. S 111. 

Munger, H Kv. 

Murphy, F. W Ohio 

Nash, E. O N. Y. 

Nauman, Chas 111. 

Needham, H. J Ind. 

Nelson, C. J Ohio 

Nelson, W. C Ohio 

Niebling, W. C Ohio 

Noble, W. A N. Y. 

Nobles, J. W Ohio 

Nolan, Chan. N Ohio 

Nye, Jane Ohio 

O'Keefe, S. C Pa. 

Oliver, C. A Cal. 

Olmstead, J. K ; Ohio 

Outland, W. H Ohio 

Overpeck, Jas. W Ohio 

Overman, D. R Ohio 

Owen. Phoebe Ohio 

*Owens. Jr., W Ohio 



ion. 
874 
891 
903 
874 
883 
899 
890 
885 
891 
883 
890 
891 
880 
900 
881 

886 
876 
88s 
885 
891 
889 
899 



891 
881 
876 
882 
876 
902 
890 
887 
878 
889 
892 
883 
900 

877 
876 
892 



881 
876 
881 
878 
876 



878 
884 
900 

881 
8.S0 
883 
884 
882 
881 
900 
878 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



235 



Year 
Name gradua 

Palmer, I. N Ohio 

Pardee, W. C Ohio 

Pardee, J. H Ohio 

Parker, A. H N. Y. 

Parr, J. D Ohio 

Parson, W. T Pa. 

Partridge, B. S N. Y. 

Partridge, W. T Ohio 

Patterson, J. M Ky. 

Pauly, C. A Ohio 

Peaselee, B. D -...N. H. 

Peck, S. E Conn. 

Perry, Kate S Ohio 

Peterson, P. B Ohio 

Phelps, S Ohio 

Phillips, L Ohio 

Phillips, S. P Ohio 

Phillips, Wm. O Ky. 

Phinney, A. J Ohio 

Phister, M. H Ky. 

Piatt, A. A N. Y. 

Pickett, C. M Ind. 

Pierce, Almon M Neb. 

Pollock, Florence M 

*Poole, R. Dorsey Ohio 

Potter, J. S. H Ohio 

Powell, J. A Ind. 

Price, E. H Tenn. 

Price, Wm. H 

Pryor, L. R Ohio 

Pugh, G. E Ohio 

Quirrell, C. A Tenn. 

Randall, S. H Ohio 

Randall, S. J Wis. 

*Recker, A. C Ohio 

Reed, R. G Ohio 

Reed, .Ralph 

Reynolds, John C Mich. 

Rhoads, J. P Iowa 

Richardson, W. S Ky. 

Righter, Thos. M 

Riley, Anna A Ohio 

Riley, C. T Ohio 

*Rhinehardt, F. B Ohio 

Rinehardt, Thos. E Ohio 

Robb, Isaac Ohio 

Robert, W. P Ky. 

Roberts, A. A W. Va. 

Robinson, F. H Ind. 

Robinson, S. B Ky. 

Rodgers, W. G Ohio 

Roll. A. C Ohio 

Rorer, C. D Ky. 

Ross, Geo. A Ohio 

Ronth, W. W Texas 

Rule, II. C Ohio 

RiikciiI)rodt, W. E Ohio 

Rtisscll, W. W Pa. 

Ryall, Thos Ohio 



of Year of 

Name. graduation. 

892 Sage, N. I Canada 1888 

883 Sargent, F. D Ohio 1880 

889 Sawers, F. C Pa. 1900 

889 Saxon, F. J Md. 1877 

890 Scarf. J. G Md. 1877 

886 Scheib, F. W Ohio 1881 

883 Scheib, John P '. Ohio 1888 

888 Schliefer, A. F. W Ohio 1894 

887 Schonger, A. H N. Y. 1887 

881 Schoonover, W. F Ohio 1885 

885 *Schultze, A. H Ohio 1885 

877 Secor, Isaac N. Y. 1877 

885 Shane, T. A Ind. 1881 

891 Shappee, W. A Ohio 1875 

886 *Shawber, A Ohio 1886 

892 Sheets. C. A Ohio 1878 

889 Sheldon, R. N Ohio 1874 

900 Sheldon, W. J Pa. 1893 

877 Shellenberger, C. F Pa. 1878 

874 Shepard, J. Henry Cal. 1884 

883 Sheperd, A. Leon.. Ohio 1878 

881 Sheperd, Willard F Ohio 1882 

884 Sherbino, Geo. W Vt. 1878 

903 Shoe, R. I Ohio 1876 

873 Shorb, A. S Cal. 1879 

895 Simcox, J. S Ohio 1889 

876 Simmons, G. W Del. 1888 

873 Simmons, R Mich. 1878 

903 Simmons, L. B Ohio 1894 

896 Simmons, S. E Ohio 1881 

881 Skewes, S. D Ohio 1885 

o__ Sloan, W. J Pa. 1886 

^^' Smallwood, R. C Texas 1894 

875 Smiley, H. F Wis. 1895 

880 Smith, H. I Ohio 1893 

874 Smith, A. C Iowa 1879 

889 Smith, A. G Ind. 1877 

902 Smith, Edwin Ohio 1877 

882 Smith. F. A Ohio 1891 

877 Smith, H. L Ohio 1895 

878 Smith. W. H Ky. 1896 

903 Snearv, Jennie Ohio 18S4 

882 Snow, H Ohio 1891 

881 Snow, W. S Ohio 1806 

882 Snyder. J. D Ohio iSSs 

885 Southard. H Dak. 1S86 

882 *Southgate, A. L Tenn. 1800 

888 Spranger, F. X Mich. 1S90 

897 Starbuck. S. A Ohio 1891 

881 Stark. W. I Ind. i8qi 

881 Stauffcr. AvHn P Pa. 1885 

891 States. David J Ohio 1884 

889 Stcenrod, L. McC 1904 

881 Steplian, Otto 1002 

879 Sterling, C. F Conn. 1S77 

887 Stewart. O. H Ind. 1885 

894 Stewart. Thos. M Ohio 1887 

875 Stillwell. F. W N. Y. 1874 

876 Strasburg. C. A 1903 

876 Stowell, F. A iQOa 



286 



HISTORY OF HOM CEO PATH Y 



Year 
Name. gradua 

Street, M. N Ohio 

Strode, J. T Ohio 

Struble, C. H Ohio 

Stubbs, W. C Ohio 

Studebaker, J. E Ohio 

Sublette, S. O Ky 

SulHvan, J. A .' Pa. 

Summers, D. N Ohio 

Swisher, Milton 111. 

Taylor, Cora E Ky. 

Taylor, Jr., C. W Ky. 

Taylor, Mary G Ky. 

Taylor, M. J Ind. 

Taylor, R. F Ind. 

Tenney, W. A. R Ohio 

Thomas, F. H' Ohio 

Thomasson, J. C Ky. 

Thompson, Eben Mass. 

Thompson, Homer W Ohio 

Thompson, Edwin C Ohio 

Thompson, H. H Ohio 

Thorp, Abner Ohio 

Throenle, J. P 

Topping, M. E Mich. 

Trabue, A. L 111. 

Trimmer, W. S N. Y. 

Troutman, G. D Ky. 

Turner, Estelle Ala. 



Utter, J. A. 



.Ind. 



Van Allen, R. A Canada 

Van Deren, J. H Ky. 

Van Gorden, Sarah 

Van Tine, C Pa. 

Vance, A. H Ohio 

Vance, J. W Ohio 

Varner, Nellie W Ohio 

Varney, J. D 

Vaught, J. C Ky. 

Vogel, C. R Ohio 

Vose, A. C Mass. 

Wachendorf, C. C. J Ohio 

Waddell, W. E 111. 

Walker, E. J Ohio 

Walker, W. S , Ohio 

Walker, W. D Pa. 

Walton, Chas. E Ohio 

Ward, Elva L Ohio 

Ward, H. A X. Y. 

Warner, W. M Ohio 



of 

ion. 

88i 
879 
895 
888 

879 
893 



883 

884 
897 
885 
881 

877 
882 
898 
889 
879 
885 
883 
880 
886 
901 
894 



885 
893 
903 
890 
880 
881 
885 
900 
890 
891 
893 

891 
887 
885 
897 
895 
874 
897 
887 
897 



Year of 
Name. graduation. 

Warren, W., Honorary Aust. 

*Washburn, T. C Ky. 

Weber, F. C 

Webster, Albert T. . Ky. 

* Webster, Elias Ohio 

Webster, Frank Ohio 

Webster, J. K Ohio 

Webster, O. B Fla. 

Webster, W. H Ohio 

Wells, G. S W. Va. 

Wells, T. F Ohio 

Welliver, J. E Ohio 

Wensel, Francis Q Miss. 

*Wesco, A. J Ohio 

Whistler, L. M Md. 

White, M. Q Ohio 

White, W. F Canada 

Whitefield, T. A Tenn. 

Whiting, F. A Minn. 

Whiting, S. B , Minn. 

Whitlock, A Iowa 

Whitlock, E. A Iowa 

Whitworth, H Mich. 

Wiggers, E. S Ohio 

Wiggers, H. H Ohio 

Williams, A. V Ohio 

Williams, C. F Ohio 

^Williams, C. S Ohio 

Williams, E. E Ind. 

Williams, W. L Ohio 

Williamson, A. C Ohio 

Williamson, T. J Ohio 

Williamson, W. P Ohio 

Wilds, J. L Ky. 

Wilms, J. H 

Wilson, C. H Ky. 

Wilson, Wm 

Wiant, Carey T Ohio 

Wise, J. B Ohio 

Wollam, E. W 111. 

Wolcott, R. C Ohio 

Wolfe, Mary Ohio 

Wolff, Gustav Ohio 

Woods, G. W Ohio 

*Wright, J. T Pa. 

*Wymond, Chas. S Ind. 

Yarnell, E. A Ohio 



Zimmerman, W. W. 
Zurnnihlcn, Chas. . . 



.Ind. 
.Ohio 



904 
899 
874 
882 
876 
896 
894 
891 
876 
877 



882 
877 
890 
891 
892 
878 
875 
875 



874 
895 
874 
877 
875 
879 
873 
879 
888 
902 
887 
900 



897 
883 
881 

894 
890 

874 
890 

888 
897 



'Dcceasod. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 237 



CHAPTER Vin 

THE DENVER HOMOEOPATHIC COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL ASSOCIATION. 
By James Polk Willard, M. D. 

Any narrative purporting to be a history of homoeopathy or its institu- 
tions in Denver would be incomplete without some record of its first intro- 
duction and some notice of the men that crossed the plains in an early day 
and brought with them the knowledge of the law of similia. They were men 
of strong character and made an impression on the community in which they 
lived; they stood for progress in its best sense; and laid a foundation, broad 
and deep, for the intellectual development of the oncoming thousands that 
should leave the congested cities of the east and seek a home and wider life on 
the rolling prairies and in the cities of the west, and under the glowing sun- 
light of Colorado's almost cloudless sky. These men did a good work for 
homoeopathy amid the sturdy pioneers that built up this great western empire. 

I am indebted to Dr. James M. Walker of Denver for many interesting 
facts connected with the early history of our school of medicine in this city, 
and cannot do better than to place on record the following communication he 
has kindly furnished : 

" From the most authentic records in my possession, homoeopathy was 
introduced into Colorado by Dr. Ingersol, who practiced in Denver five or six 
months in the year 1863. Our school was without a representative from that 
time until October, 1866, when Dr. M. L. Scott opened an office in Denver and 
secured a large practice until 1868, when his business relations necessitated 
a return to his former home in \'ermont. During the year 1869, Dr. Scjuires 
practiced here for a short time. In 1869 Prof. A. O. Blair of Cleveland. Ohio, 
sought relief from asthma in our then territory, and opened an office in one of 
the Denver hotels. The skillful services of the doctor were sought by many 
of the adherents of homoeopathy during his stay of four months. The next 
man of our school to occupy the field was Dr. M. Mayer Marix of Europe, 
who arrived in Denver in October, 1870, seeking relief from bronchitis of sev- 
eral years' standing. Dr. Marix. a gentleman of superior intelligence and 
polish and of prepossessing appearance, at once established the first and most 
flattering practice of any homreopath in the state. He was followed in a few 
months by Dr. L. A. Walker of Lowell. Mass.. and Dr. S. R. l^^letoher of 
Chicago. Dr. P». A. Wheeler of Roone. Iowa, began practice in l^enver in 
January, 1872. Dr. James M. Walker of Winchester, III.. March. 1873. Dur- 
ing this year, Dr. U. S. Clark of Iowa and Dr. Adam Miller of Chicago, 
opened offices in Denver, and Dr. S. T. P.owne of New ^'ork. May. 1875." 

It is stilted on good aulhorit\' that, so far as known, the first hoinan^pathic 
remedies were brought to t^ilorado by Mr. William Clayton in the early 
fifties. He was .-i brolluT of Mr. Ceorge Washington ClaytiMi. who dieil 
recently and left an fudownii-nt of two millions of dollars to ostalilish a school 
for boys similar in scope to that of (liranl (.'dlKge of rinladelphia. Mr. Will- 
iam Clavton e(|uii)))e(l lud stiil mit tlu- lirst n-ginu-nt of soldiers that went 
from Cnliirarlii In tiu' ciNii war, .'it his own expense. He was one of the first 



238 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



mayors of this city. When crossing the plains on his journey to the o-reat 
west, he chanced to overtake a small party who were detained because of sick- 
ness of one of the men, I think the father of the family. Mr. Qayton stopped 
and rendered him such assistance as he could, prescribed for hirn out of his 
stock of homoeopathic remedies, and left some for his future use, then moved 
on. Later in the season, the gentleman was in Denver, and called on his pass- 
ing friend that had helped him when sick, and thanked him most heartilv for 




-W^f»*l-»-*- •■^' 



his kindness, and especially for the remedies that had saved his life. These 
are the t}pes of men that pre-empted this western country in the name of 
enlightened citizenship, and brought to it the spirit of liberty and intellectual 
progress. They were staunch friends of homoeopathy, and to-day their de- 
scendants are loyal to the teaching of their fathers. 

The Denver Academy of Homoeopathic Physicians and Surgeons was the 
first organization of the homa^opathic profession in this part of the west. It 



HISTORY OF HO:\f(EOPATHY 239 

had its beginning somewhere in the seventies. The secretary's records cannot 
be found, but from a treasurer's report now in the hands of Dr. WilHam A. 
Burr it is learned that Dr. Anna E. P. Eastman was treasurer from the organ- 
ization of the society up to January i, 1881. Among the names that appear in 
this record are found some of the men who are still active in the work of their 
profession and who have been an honor to the commtmity in which they have 
lived and are still loyal to the profession of their choice. It is fitting that their 
names appear in this historical sketch of the development of homoeopathic 
interest in this focal center of the great middle west. They appear on the 
record of this society as follows : James M. Walker, 'SI. D., N. K. Morris, 
M. D., Ambrose E. Everett, M. D.. Dr. Davidson, Samuel S. Sm\'the, M. D., 
Charles N. Hart, M. D., Sanford Hoag, M. D., U. S. Clark, M. D.. Dr. Anna 
E. P. Eastman, B. A. Wheeler, M. D., John McFarland. M. D., Dr. Brett. 
As a surcease from the labor and turmoil of daily professional duties, we find 
the annual banquet seems to have been an important occasion with the mem- 
bers of the academy, and many a feast in true western st^'le is indicated by the 
•entries in this little record left by the treasurer. One item that may interest 
the pioneers and will doubtless recall pleasan{ memories is the following: 
"July nth, 1884, Dr. to E. A. Turner & Co. for entertainment of Prof. R. 
Ludlam, $40.00, Carriage $3.00. Paid." This " entertainment " occurred at 
the office of Dr. N. K. Morris, who is still engaged in practice in this city. 

How long this society existed is not known, nor when its demise occurred, 
because of lack of record in any form. It is safe to say that it did a good work, 
and laid the foundation for the organization of the " Club " that soon suc- 
ceeded it and remains to this day, a strong and vigorous descendant of a sturdy 
and intelligent parentage. 

An important factor in the development of homceopathic interests in the 
west is the Denver Homoeopathic Qub. While the state society has had an 
interim of rest in years past, this club has maintained a steady and successful 
existence, having celebrated its two hundred and twenty-eighth consecutive 
meeting in January last. It has exerted a widespread influence for our school 
of medicine, and has extended a helping hand in many ways to the institutions 
of every kind that have been in any wa\- under the management of the friends 
of homoeopathy. 

The club had its birth on December 8. 1800. and all details necessarv to 
an independent existence were completed the following month. It has alwavs 
stood for the advancement of medical science, and against all forms of bigotrv 
and intolerance. The reorganization of the state societv was the direct result 
of the contagious influence of this aggressive lx)dy. 

In its history a large number of in'^titutions in the citv of Denver have 
been under its care, and for viars a regular staff of physicians was appoiiUod 
by the club to such institutions as needed. them. Since the organization of the 
college tlu'ir management has been in a large degree transferred to the facultv 
of that institution. 

It was through the enterprise of the club tiiat an invitation was extended 
to the American Institute of Homa^opathy to hold its session of 1804 i" this 
city, and much of the success of the entertainment is attributable to tlie intel- 
ligent enthusiasm of its membership. 

The founding of tiie college and hospital had its inception in this club. 
The necessity for a movement in this directii^n was freelv discussed at its 
meetings, and a careful cdusiiliratioii of the project in all its bearings led to 



240 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

many conferences on the subject. The first faculty was selected and reported 
to a meeting of the club, but subsequently was confirmed at a meeting of the 
board of directors of the college and hospital association. 

The " Denver Journal of Homceopathy " was a development growing out 
of the energy and ever increasing zeal of the same body of wise and pro- 
gressive men. Under the editorship of Dr. Samuel S. Smythe and Dr. Samuel 
S. Kehr it became an energetic agent in extending the influence of our school 
of medicine in the middle west, and aided materially in establishing on a 
permanent basis the institutions under our care in this locality. We quote 
from the introductory in its first issue : " This Journal does not represent any 
pharmacy, college, or societv ; but is under the exclusive control of the edi- 
tors." 

Yet, each number was filled with matter of interest to the profession and 
all that was calculated to advance our school was carefully conserved ; and the 
college and hospital found a strong ally in the influences set in motion by this 
capable representative of the western journalistic spirit. And so long as the 
journal remained under the management of the original incorporators it was 
a potent factor in the development and growth of all the forces that in any 
proper way fostered the spirit of homoeopathic progress in this western metrop- 
olis. 

Two years prior to the organization of the college. Dr. N. G. Burnham, 
in an address before the state medical society, made the statement that " it 
required no prophetic eye to see the demands that would in the near future 
lu'ge themselves upon us for the establishment of a Homoeopathic College and 
Hospital in Denver." 

Standing midway between the two extremes, a thousand miles west of the 
medical centers of the east, and equally far from the advantages of the west, 
and situated in the geographical center of one of the richest and most beau- 
tiful sections of our great nation, it seemed fitting, and I may say an impera- 
tive duty we owed to the progressive spirit of our institutions, that we estab- 
lish in this city a school for the dissemination of the knowledge of the truths 
of our system of medicine ; that the young men and young women, growing 
up far distant from the established schools of the east, might have the oppor- 
tunity of a medical education without the necessity of expensive travel to 
secure it. 

As an indication of the feeling that animated all connected with this 
movement, we quote from one who had an intimate acquaintance with all the 
facts in the case, as well as the men connected with the enterprise. Dr. S. S. 
Smythe, the first dean of the college, in his opening address to the first class 
in 1894, said : " I believe I reflect the sentiment of every member of this 
faculty, when I say that this enterprise was not one of our choice, but having 
once entered upon the work of organization, our faith grew apace, and it is 
a matter of sincere gratification that to-day I chronicle the wisdom of our 
decision, the dissipation of our fears, and the fulfillment of our hopes. Fully 
realizing what great personal sacrifices must be made, what a vast amount of 
work must be done, and what immense difficulties would have to be met and 
overcome in order to establish a high grade medical college, worthy of the 
men and the times, it must be conceded that nothing but the most unswerving 
loyalty to the cause of homoeopathy could ever have induced the men compos- 
ing our faculty to engage in this undertaking. No thought of personal gain 
or of selfish ambition entered into our deliberations. Such men as Drs. Burn- 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 241 

ham, Wheeler, Tennant, Sr., King, Storke, Burr, and others who have de- 
voted the best part of their lives to the service of their afflicted fellow mortals, 
and who have done the work of missionaries for so many years, do not now, 
at a period when their days should be days of leisure, take upon themselves 
this burden from any but the purest and most unselfish motives." 

The first meeting- held to seriously consider the feasibihty of starting a 
college at this point convened in the office of Dr. S. S. Smythe in the Califor- 
nia building. This took place in April, 1894, just prior to the meeting of the 
American Institute of Homoeopathy in this city. The meeting was strictly 
informal but abounded 'in enthusiasm. By a vote that was practically unan- 
imous, the sentiment favored instituting measures looking towards the estab- 
hshing of a college and hospital in Denver as soon as suitable arrangements 
could be made and the necessary legal requirements complied with. 

The matter was subsequently submitted to the club, where formal action 
was taken. Here a committee on incorporation was appointed, and also a 
committee to arrange for a faculty ; one adapted to the needs of an institution 
that should stand on an -equality with the best recognized colleges of the 
country. 

The work of these committees was well done, and the work of incor- 
poration was completed, and the enterprise had started. A board of directors 
was elected, and an embryo faculty was under consideration. 

I cannot do better in introducing the short history of this institution than 
to quote from the records of the first meeting of the board of directors. It is 
as follows: "Denver, Colorado, May 21st, 1894. At a meeting of the Direc- 
tors of the Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital Association, a cor- 
poration under the laws of the State of Colorado, was held this day at the 
Brown Palace Hotel in the City of Denver. Present, the following persons, 
who are the same persons designated in the affidavit of incorporation of said 
corporation, as the directors of said corporation, until the third Mondav in 
May, 1895, to-wit: S. S. Smythe, W. A. Burr, E. H. King, J. Lloyd Alex- 
ander, E. J. Freyermuth. C. E. Tennant, C. W. Enos, S. S. Kehr. J. H. Mor- 
row, Geo. F. Dunklee, N. G. Burnham, S. H. Shannon, G. S. Peck, H. K. 
Dunklee, I. C. Irvine, C. E. Tennant, Jr., \\'. Cameron, and T. W'vlie Ander- 
son." 

Dr. N. G. Burnham was elected chairman pro tem. and J. Wylie Anderson 
secretary pro tem., after which, on motion of Dr. Anderson, seconded by Dr. 
G. S. Peck, an elaborate code of by-laws was adopted for the govermnent 
of the board of directors. The board then proceeded to elect the following 
as the officers for the coming year : President, Dr. N. G. Burnham : vice- 
president, Dr. William A. Burr; sccrotarv, l^r. J. \\\'lie Anderson; treasurer. 
Dr. J. B. Kinlcy. 'i'his first meeting oi the hoard of directors had performed 
an important duty, and made a gcmd start in behalf oi this infant institution. 
It adjourned to meet on tlu- J4th of the same month at the othce of the presi- 
dent. 

At the adjourned imrtiug arrangements were made for a suitable building 
for college purposes, and a committee was appointed to see what woulil be 
the expense of fitting up all suitable rcxims and laboratories. .\ committee 
consisting of l^rs. SuiNthe, Storke and Kehr was appointed and authorized 
to get out an aiHiouneemeut for tlu- e<imiug tirst session of the school. It 
now became neciss;ir\' to arrauj^e for a faculty, and first came the election 
of the ofliccrs of llic f;uiill\. Tliis action was approved l)\ that botlv as soon 




o 

8 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 243 

as it was completed. The following officers were elected : Dean, Dr. Samuel S. 
Smvthe ; registrar, Dr. Eugene F. Storke ; secretary. Dr. S. S. ' Kehr. 

This opportunity cannot be permitted to pass without giving expression 
to a personal sense of approval of the selections made, both on the board of 
directors and in the faculty. It seemed that sound judgment and keen dis- 
cernment had characterized the action of each body. Dr. Burnham possessed 
qualities of a high order, fitting him to become a mighty influence in molding 
the future of the young institution in which he took such keen interest. Dr. 
Smythe showed his powers as an organizer in the way the first faculty was 
brought together, and its work so skillfully arranged. The approval of his 
work is shown in the fact that he continued to be selected each year till he 
finally resigned because of the pressure of a large practice that demanded all 
his time. His services to the institution were of a high order. 

The following constituted the first faculty of the Denver Homoeopathic 
Medical College and Hospital Association : 

Eugene F. Storke, ]\I.D., professor of principles and practice of medicin-e 
and clim.atology. 

N. G. Burnham, M.D., professor of physical diagnosis and diseases of 
the chest. 

B. A. Wheeler. ]\I.D.. professor of mental and nervous diseases. 

J. B. Kinley, M.D., professor of dermatology and genito-urinary diseases. 
J. Wylie Anderson, M.D., professor of operative and clinical surgery. 
S. S. Smythe, M.D., professor of principles of surgery. 
J. Lloyd Alexander, ^NI.D., professor of abdominal surgery and surgical 
diseases of women. 

William A. Burr, M.D., professor of medical diseases of women. 
E. J. Freyermuth, ]\I.D., professor of obstetrics. 
S. F. Shannon, M.D., professor of materia medica. 
W. Cameron, M.D., lecturer on the organon. 

C. E. Tennant, INI.D., and E. H. King, ?kI.D.. professors of diseases of 
children. 

S. S. Kehr, M.D., G. S. Peck. M.D., C. W. Enos. M.D., professors of 
ophthalmology, otology and laryngology. 

FT. K. Dunklee, M.D., professor of general anil descriptive anatomy. 

J. H. Morrow, M.D., demonstrator of anatomy. 

J. C. Irvine, M.D., R. M. Lyon, M.D., professors of physiology and 
histology. 

C. E. Tennant, Jr.. M.D.. professor of chemistry and toxicology. 

W. C. Allen, M.D., professor of orificial siirger\'. 

C. N. Guyer. D.D.S., professor of dental surgery. 

Geo. F. Dunklee, Esq., professor of medical jurisprudence. 

The innumeral)le details so essential in starting a now enterprise of 
importance were carefully looked after, and the called meetings both of the 
board of directors and of the faculty were numerous and interesting. iMithusi- 
asin ran high and every number felt it his individual duty to see that no 
inipoitant mattir be negleoti'd ; aiul also to jx'rsiinally see that no otTort be 
spared l(. fill the halls of the coUej^e with students when the iloors should 
swing out for llu- (ppiiiing ni^ht. 

h'vents of iniportance to those intiTesti'd moved rapidlv from now on. 
and all elTorl (•(nUicd nn Ibr ii;iU- wlicn ibr ni'w tnedical collei'e should real!\ 



244 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

have an existence. • We take ah extract from the minutes of the faculty, as 
this makes the record official: "The first annual session of the college was 
formally opened at lo A. M. on Wednesday, October 3d, 1894, in the presence 
of an initial class of twenty-five students, and a number of visiting physicians 
and numerous friends of the institution." At this opening meeting Dr. N. G. 
Burnham, president of the board of directors, delivered an address, full of 
hope and prophecy. Dr. S. S. Smythe, dean, gave the faculty address, which 
abounded in practical suggestions and did much toward crystallizing the ener- 
gies of all concerned with the important duties they had assumed. This was 
an auspicious occasion, and the anticipations and hopes of this goodly body 
of scientific men had witnessed at least the initiation of their realization. 

The work of the first year went forward with great interest, and many 
projects were suggested as occasion seemed to demand. Good work was done 
in' the teaching department. Meetings of the faculty were held the first 
year at the office of Dr. Burnham, and were well attended. 

Before the year was far advanced it was agreed by all that a hospital 
under the control of the board of directors was a necessity. Committees were 
appointed and measures taken to accomplish this work, and before school 
opened for the second year a hospital was completed and in good running 
order. A large private residence was leased for a term of years, and trans- 
formed into an institution capable of accommodating about eighteen patients. 
This gave added impetus to the development of institutions of the city. About 
this time the Ladies' Homoeopathic Hospital Club was formed, having for its 
object the creation of public sentiment favorable to the hospital, and also to 
aid in various ways so well known to the cultivated feminine mind that would 
contribute to the growth and well being of this charitable institution. From 
the first this charity was successful and continues to this time an honor to 
all who in any way aided in its organization or its subsequent support. Mrs. 
N. G. Burnham was its first president, and the m.eetings were held at her home. 

The close of the first year was very gratifying, and terminated with 
commencement exercises in the college building, April 9th, 1895. A diploma 
was conferred upon one candidate. Miss Nettie Willard Demmitt. She came 
from an eastern college and completed her course with our first year of work 
as an educational institution. The exercises were full of interest, and con- 
sisted of addresses by Dean Smythe and Dr. Storkc the registrar, and presenta- 
tion of the diploma by the president. Dr. N. G. Burnham. Music added its 
charm, and ladies were present in large numbers. At the annual meeting of 
the stockholders of the college and hospital association held in April, 1895, 
a full report was made of the work accomplished during the year. The show- 
ing was very satisfactory and plans were at once instituted for carrying the 
work forward with increasing energy. 

Some changes occurred in the personnel of the management at this time. 
Dr. N. G. Burnham retired from the presidency, and Dr. B. A. Wheeler was 
elected. Some changes were made in the faculty also, but where a vacancy 
occurred, a new man was found to fill it and the reorganization was soon com- 
pleted and the institution continued its career of usefulness and growth. 

The loss of Dr. Burnham, Dr. Kinley, Dr. Peck and others from the 
faculty at this time was unfortunate, and under wiser and more considerate 
counsels, would not have occurred. It brought to the front in the manage- 
ment of the institution a spirit of domination that years after required the 
ttdoption of radical measures to remove. Not only this, but it in some degree 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



245 



alienated from the college and hospital influences that would have been exceed- 
ingly valuable as the years moved on. All this is occasion for regret ; but 
while this is true it is also true that there came to the front men who by 
their energy, zeal and tact carried the enterprise forward and demonstrated 
the wisdom of its creation. Justice will not be done unless we give favorable 
mention at this place to Dr. S. S. Smythe, Dr. J. Wylie Anderson, Dr. W. A. 
Burr, Dr. C. \\'. Enos, Dr. E. H. King, Dr. S. S. Kehr, and others might be 
mentioned, who by their loyalty to the cause and willingness to work, brought 
order out of the threatened chaos, and carried the enterprise forward on the 
road to success. 




Saimiel S. Siiiyllic, M.D., First Dean. 

Dr. Eugene l'\ Storke was registrar for the first three years and until 
he resigned with the ])urpose of leaving the city. He was a gcntleninn. cul- 
tured in manner and scholarly in his attainments ; he had a special fondness 
for literature, and finally abandoned the practice of medicine and devoted 
liis entire time to cultivating his taste and skill in the department of learning 
more congenial to his nature. He is well known in the literary worKl as the 
author of many books, l-'or several \ears he has been writing ami lecturing 
for a New Ynvk literary syndicate. si)endiug nmst of his time in luirope. 

Soon after the organi/ation of the colK-ge the students caught the idea 
ibat prevaiK'd in all the ilrpartmeuts and decided to organi/e !i*r tlu-ir own 
•(.nliTlaiiuiunl, and al>o to aN>i-«t in carrving toiwatd ihi' iiuirests <^i the >elu"K'>l 



246 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

\riili wliich tliey were connected: hence the Alpha Qub became a center of 
interest for all who gained admission to membership. The hilarious times 
so ihorougliiy enjoyed by medical students are still remembered and rehearsed 
when some of the older boys get together. Anx>ng the first acts of this club 
was to consider the interests of the hospital, and devise plans by which they 
might ad\-ance its usefulness. They gave an entertainment for its benefit, 
and from the proceeds the\ furnished the kitchen, and started a fund to help 
the suffering poor, b>- which the\" might be pro\nded with food, comfort and 
medical care. They also collected and contributed a large number of books 
for the college libran.-. 

At a meeting of the faculty- held May 13th, 1895, sill the officers were 
re-elected by practically unanimous vote, and few changes were made in the 
assignment of professors. This year Dr. Clinton Enos and Dr. J. P. W'illard 
fctecame members of the faculty-. The reorganization being completed, the 
preparation of plans and details for the coming session of 1895- 1896 consti- 
tuted the work of the hour. Assignments of a medical staff to each of the 
following institutions of the city and under the care of the college was then 
made, to-mt: Ha\-market Dispensar\-, Dr. Storke: Orphans" Home, Dr. E. H. 
King: Ladies" Relief Home, Dr. Drake: Ha\-market Haven. Dr. Wheeler; 
Day Xurser\-, Dr. J. Wylie Anderson. 

Dr. \V. A, Burr was elected superintendent of the Homoec>pathic Hospital. 
This hospital was now well established and doing good work, furnishing 
many interesting clinics for the students attending the college. 

At the session of the American Institute of Homoeopathy in 1895, on 
recommendation of the inter-collegiate committee, the Denver Homoeopathic 
College and Hospital Association was admitted to membership in that body. 
At the sanne session it was decider! to adopt the four years" course of study 
for medical colleges: a graded course of not less than six months each for 
the students. This was adopted by the Denver college to go in effect with 
the session of 1895-1896. 

Correspondence was entered into by the secretani^ of the board of 
directors \Hth the colleges and universities of Colorado, and a four years' 
scholarship was offered gratis to one member from the senior class who 
desired to study medicine. This was received very kindly, and letters of 
dianks and acceptance are on file from the offices of these institutions express- 
ing tlieir appreciation of the generous proposition. 

In March, 1896, one of tlie first laboratories for the study of the great 
discoven.- of Prof. Roentgen was established in the laborator>- of the college, 
under Prof. C. E. Tennant. of the department of chemistn.-, assisted by 
Mr. H. H. Buchwalter. an expert in electrical work. Much time was 
devoted to the study of ttiis interesting subject and many exhibitions of 
the wonders of this newly discovered principle were given. Photographs by 
the X-ray were made in five minutes, which was considered the shortest 
time for that work up to that date. -\n evening \\-as devoted to exhibiting 
the powers of the X-ray. and many interesting demctnstrations were made. 
A full report, with illustrations of the work of the evening, was published 
in the daily papers. This apparatus was a part of the equipment of the col- 
lege, and many cases of fracture or other abnormalities of the osseous system 
were exhibited to the students, besides much that was simply curious and 
interesting. The second year of college work closed with tlie commence- 
ment exercises, which were held in the Brown Palace hotel on the evening of 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 247 

April 17th. 1896. Two graduates crowned the labors of that year. W'aher D. 
Spoor of New York and L. C. Mansur of Cahfornia. The occasion was one 
of interest to all concerned. Addresses were made by Dr. Storke and Dr. 
Wheeler, the president of the board of directors. The occasion had a fitting 
climax in a sumptuous banquet, where wit and good cheer ruled the hour. 

The record of the doings of the faculty for the third year are meagre, 
but on examination of the minutes of the directors are found some matters of 
interest, to-wit : Dr. Walter D. Spoor was appointed lecturer on pathology ; 
Dr. Alma E. Morrison was appointed lecturer on embryology, hygiene and 
sanitary science. A new chair was created, to be called history of medicine, 
organon, and medical technology. The selection of a competent person to 
fill this chair was left to the executive committee. Dr. David E. Spoor, 
who had recently come to the city from New York, was added to the chair 
of theory and practice. At this time there came into the teaching corps a 
gentleman whose qualifications for the duties of his department were of a 
superior order. Dr. Geo. E. Brown was a graduate of Rush Medical College 
of Chicago, also of the New York Polyclinic, and subsequently of the Hahne- 
mann Medical College of Chicago. He was an expert in diagnosis, and 
during the years of his connection with the school devoted his energies ta 
this special line of teaching. 

Dr. J. W. Harris entered the faculty at this time as lecturer on gynecology 
to the junior class, and W. D. Kinsloe was assigned to bandaging. An inter- 
esting feature of the work of the year was the candor of the faculty in report- 
ing the ratings of the members of the various classes, and the number of 
members of the lower classes who failed to pass the examinations. The 
members of the senior class all received their diplomas, except one. 

The closing exercises were held in Trinity church, April 2nd, 1897. 
Judge George Q. Richmond gave the graduation address. The banquet wa;^ 
held at the Windsor hotel. 

The record would not be complete without mention of the arrival in 
the city at this time of Dr. David A. Strickler Owing to the impaired health 
of his wife, he had sought the climate of Colorado, hoping she might be 
benefited thereby. He established a residence in Denver and was soon called 
into service in the work of the college. He was elected professor of history 
of medicine, organon and medical technf>lr>gy May 2,^rd. iSr/). ami was soon 
recognizerl as an interested and conservative counsellor in the affairs of the 
college. His wife rallied somewhat under the stimulating effect of the altitude 
anrl bright sunlight of the locality, but as the months passed by she began 
to fail in strength, and in the late summer month she passed to her reward, 
" into the golden city." Dr. Strickler had been connected witli the honuie- 
opathic department of the I'niversity of Minnesota for a nutnbor of \ears, 
in the capacity of professor of ophthalmology, otology and laryngnlogv. 
He is a member of the .\meriran Institute of Honifcopatliy, and is well known 
tr» all the members of that body as a faithful and conscientious worker in anv 
de[)artment tr» which he may be assigned. In .\pril. i8<)7. he was elected 
registrar of this college to succeed Dr. Storke, who liad resigned. This posi- 
tion he still holds in addition to his duties as professor of ophthahr ' 

and otology. 

Before entering upon the work of i8»>8 it liecanie necessary to h;i\< I'wc 
duties and responsibilitii-s of the board of directors and of the facultx more 
clcarK fjcfincd. Ilii^ was dom- Ii\ ainmding the l)\-la\\N In the amendment 



248 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

it was clearly stated that the faculty should elect its own officers " and shall 
have exclusive management and control of the education and medical 
work of the association,, both in the college and the hospital, but in the 
decision of all questions the professors only shall be entitled to vote." This 
relieved an embarrassment that had long existed, and placed the work of 
the association in more clearly defined relations. Immediately following this 
action, Prof. Tennant placed Dr. S. S. Smythe in nomination for dean, and 
he was unanimously re-elected, as also was Dr. D. A. Strickler for registrar. 
Dean Smythe submitted the reorganized faculty for the coming year, which 
was approved as presented. He was also authorized to fill vacancies in the 
corps of instructors. 

The work of the school now moved on prosperously. The attendance 
of students had steadily increased year by year, and additions were made 
to the faculty as necessity required. The work of the members of the teaching 
force was in the main well done, some members developing teaching ability 
of a superior order. The good name of the school was being carried abroad, 
and was soon known wherever homoeopathy had a footing in this country. 
This was gratifying to those who had labored assiduously to establish in 
this western metropolis a school that should be as a " city set upon a hill," 
giving light and life to all that came under its beneficent influence. This 
greatly desired consummation was in process of fulfillment, and the men 
who had regarded the sviccess of the enterprise of more importance than 
self-aggrandizement gave new zest to their labors and added enthusiasm to 
all connected in any way with its management. 

During this year it was decided by the board of directors that the existing 
form of a stock company had some defects that could only be corrected by 
a reincorporation under a new plan. This it was decided to do, and a new 
company was organized under the name of the " Denver Homoeopathic College 
and Hospital Association." This was not a stock company, but one for 
educational and charitable purposes, and its capital consisted in a " member- 
ship," for which each member must pay a fee of one hundred dollars. To 
this new companv the Denver Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital 
Association transferred all its stock and then passed out of existence. Thus 
was completed another important movement that was considered a great 
advance in the management of our business aflfairs, and the removal of that 
which threatened to be a source of dissatisfaction at one time. 

The duties devolving upon the officers of the institution during the 
years 1898 and 1899 were arduous; the demands upon their time seemed 
endless, and many vexing questions required constant attention. With the 
increasing growth of the hospital work, and looking after the training school 
for nurses, in addition to college responsibilities, made the life of a willing 
worker almost a burden. 

At this time an occurrence took place that was regretted by every member 
of the association. On May ist, 1899, Dean Smythe felt that other demands 
upon his time, and other responsibilities he must meet, required that he relin- 
quish his position as dean of the faculty. This came as a surprise. After 
many expressions of regret, the faculty accepted his resignation, and ap- 
pointed a committee to report resolutions expressive of the feelings of those 
with whom he had worked so faithfully and successfully for the past five 
years. It would be a pleasure to quote extensively from his letter of resigna- 
tion, if time and space would permit. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



24!^ 



The resignation of Dean Smythe necessitated a readjustment of matters 
relating to the faculty. At a subsequent meeting, and after some consulta- 
tion by those most interested, the present incumbent was selected to succeed 
to the position of dean. The arrangements necessary for the work of the 
coming year were at once begun. A few changes were made in the general 
scheme of the work to be done.' Progress seemed to be the watchword of 
all concerned, and a steady purpose to accomplish the end desired was evident 
in every movement. 

A change in leadership is often a source of danger and a cause for 
anxiety; especially is tliis true where a large number of persons are inter- 
ested, and the rights involved are of a varied character. This case was no 
exception to the rule, and many predicted misfortune and disaster as a conse- 
quence, but it is believed that the candid and impartial observer will sav 




.Xitrinan (i. lUiriilKim. Ml). 
I'irst l*ri-si(!om Denver llnm.nip.itliic Collc«f. 

thai the tears and jurdii-tioiis Iia\c not bii-n rrali/ed ; on tin- i-ontrarv. ilu- 
teaching capacity has hi-iii increased, and the good name of the institution 
has been carefully guanUd. 

At this time Dr. J. W'ylic .Anderson presented his resignation tri>m the 
chair of surgery, it was accepted by the faculty and board, and Hr. |ohn 
W. Harris was calKd to the position of pnifessor of surgerv. This was a 
f.«rtnnate selection, as Dr. I l.trris lias provid himself a teacher of superior 



250 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

ability and an operator of remarkable skill and success. His faithfulness to 
every interest of the college and hospital, and his willingness to work and 
sacrifice, if need be, in the interest of the school has made him a strong ally 
to those upon whom has f'&Uen the responsibility of leadership. 

In 1899 the record of the faculty shows that a motion was adopted pro- 
viding for a committee to be appointed from the members of the governing 
faculty to be a committee on " entrance examination." This was deemed 
necessary because of the low standard of preliminary education possessed by 
many who were applying for matriculation. It seemed unjust to reject a 
candidate simply because he could not produce documentary evidence of 
his education, hence the committee should make careful examination of all 
persons not able to present such evidence, and if they recommended them it 
relieved the registrar of a great responsibility, and was at the same time a 
guarantee that none but fit candidates would be accepted. Later, this whole 
subject w^as taken out of the hands of the faculty and placed with an estab- 
lished educational institution of the city, whose high standing was recognized 
by all. This relieved the faculty from the charge of abusing the resix)nsi- 
bility and placed the standing of the entrance requirements where it properly 
belonged. 

At the meeting of the board of directors held April 28th. 1900, important 
changes were made in the personnel of that body. Dr. Charles W. Enos was 
elected president, and by his good judgment and fine business tact he brought 
about a spirit of good fellowship among the members that remains to this 
day. The spirit of controversy passed away and the incubus of domination 
became a thing of the past. Dr. Enos was repeatedly elected to the position, 
and not till he felt it a duty to decline was he released from the important 
office he filled so acceptably to all the board. INIr. Edward J. Wilcox was 
elected his successor, and still remains in that position. He is one of the 
leading mining men of Colorado, and is known far and wide for his public 
spirit and broad philanthropy. 

For the session of 1900-1901 Dr. J. B. Kinleyand Dr. Grant S. Peck 
came into the faculty as active participants in all its labors, the former to 
the chair of dermatology and venereal diseases, subjects he had given extensive 
study, and at once took high rank as a teacher. He was for some years 
professor of therapeutics in the medical department of the University of 
Colorado. Dr. Peck was placed in the chair of materia medica, a subject 
for which he has peculiar aptness in teaching. Subsequently he was trans- 
ferred to the department of nose and throat, and in addition has given each 
year a full course on electricity, witli special attention to static electricity 
and X-ray work. 

In 1900 the alumni association formed by graduates of the school insti- 
tuted a course of lectures on popular medical topics ; these to be given at an 
open meeting, to which all connected with the institution in any way and 
all their friends were invited. This i^roved a profitable course to all who 
took advantage of it. Each year leading men in the profession from various 
parts of the state were invited to present their best thought to the profession 
through this channel. The association continued these lectures for a number 
of years and they proved a strong bond between the physicians throughout 
the state and those connected with the college and hospital of the city. The 
students were interested in these lectures and found them helpful in getting 
a proper conception of the duties and responsibilities they were aliout to 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



251 



assume. The social features of each evening have left a pleasant memorv 
to all who participated in any way. It is proper that a measure of praise be 
given to those who have won it by faithfulness to duty and honest endeavor. 
I cannot speak too highly of the body of loyal men and women who graduated 
from our halls, and are to-day bonded together as members of one family, 
trying in every way to cultivate the powers that God has given them to 
carry forward the work of developing the science of medicine to its highest 
possible attainment. As a school, we are proud of this bodv of our alumni. 
They are thoroughly in earnest and are working loyallv for their alma mater. 
Some of them are now members of the faculty, and bid fair to' stand high as 




David A. Strickler, M. D.. Registrar. 

teachers in the schools of medicine. This is the day of organization: it is 
necessary to success, and the physician who disregards this positive trend in 
the affairs of men will fall short of reaching tiie good to which he otherwise 
might attain. Our alumni have caught the spirit of the times and wherever 
one of them establislics himself he carries with him tlie impetus qiven In- 
rtlationshij) with the whuk'. and he finds himself greatly streniithened tor 
the battk's to come. .V this time Dr. William R. Welch came ituo the chair 
cf surgical gynecology in thi- college. The d(X'tor hail just relurneil from 
an extended trip, visitinj^ the Imspitals of F.urope. 

At the suggestion of Dr. A. C .Stewart, the faculty gave a l)an.|uet to the 
students each year, l.e^iiiniiig with njoj. These were stricll\ intonual. ami 



252 HISTORY OF HOMOiOPATHY 

the sole purpose was to bring both student and teacher into more intimate 
relation in this social way. The programs were made to suit the students and 
•varied with each occasion, as the supply of talent changed with the coming 
and going of the classes. The menu, also, was suited to the occasion. Toasts 
and speeches were short and abounded in anecdote and humor. Music was 
largely bv the quartettes or solo and chorus work by members of the classes. 
To say that a real hurrah good time prevailed, is to put it with moderation. 
As an outgrowth of these occasions, there was an expressed desire on the 
part of the students for an organization through which the pleasant relations 
and good times of medical college life could have more perfectly organized 
relationship, and a continuity of existence that would act as a bond between 
the classes as they come and go year l^y year. When young life conceives 
the idea of accomplishing a definite purpose, it is not long before action 
fpllows. Dr. Robert C. Bowie, of the class of 1902 of this college, became the 
medium through which this desire found full fruition. When a student in 
Hahnemann College of Chicago he became a member of the Ustion Frater- 
nity of that school. This fraternity had then been in existence about twenty 
years. Through his acquaintance and influence a vertebra of the Ustion Fra- 
ternity was established in the Denver Homoeopathic College in 1902, thus cre- 
ating a bond of fellowship not only between the students of this school, but 
bringing each member into a fraternal union with all of the leading colleges 
in this country that claim allegiance to the law of similia. This fraternity 
is in flourishing condition in this school to-day, and meets the hearty approval 
of the faculty. Prof. J. B. Kinley was, at the meeting of the National Su- 
preme Council of the fraternity held in Niagara in 1904, elected supreme 
rnadulla, which gave this vertebra a close identification with the workings of 
the national organization. 

The work of the year ending in 1902 was carried on with satisfaction. 
and with few changes in the faculty. Dr. Freyermuth resigned the chair of 
obstetrics because he intended leaving the city, and Dr. Rupert O. Butterfield 
was elected to fill the vacancy. He still remains in the position, doing very 
acceptable work. Dr. D. A. Richardson was elected to the chair of chemistry, 
a place he still holds. 

The year closed with a graduating class of nine. The commencement 
exercises were held in Trinity M. E. church. The Hon. John W. Springer 
of Denver gave the address of the evening. The audience was large and gave 
frequent manifestations of approval, both of the musical program and the 
address of ]\Ir. Springer. The banquet at Brown Palace hotel followed the 
exercises and was one of unusual interest, and largely attended. Short 
speeches were made by men of prominence in the city, members of the facultv, 
and of the senior class; college songs and music by the Ustion choir, gave 
added zest to an evening's joy. 

During this year tlie hospital had been prosperous, its beds well filled, 
and many liberal contributions were received from friends of the institution. 
It was with regret we were called upon to part with the services of Miss 
Abba Thurston, the principal ni the training school. Her resignation was 
placed in the hands of the hospital committee, and shortly afterward she mar- 
ried Dr. Guy S. Vinyard, an ahnnnus of the Denver Homoeopathic College. 

Miss Isabella Dye, a graduate of the Huron Street Hospital of Cleveland. 
Ohio, was elected to fill the vacancy, and at once entered upon the duties of 
the position. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



253 



The year following the full effect of extending the requirement for at- 
tendance to four years was a matter of general observation; not onlv this 
but the business condition of the country was prosperous and ottered attract- 
ive openings for young men desirous of accumulating wealth, and at the same 
time the m.edical legislation of the various states was such as to make the 
requirements necessary to secure a license to practice a serious matter. Many 
of the laws governing medical boards were just, but others worked iniustice 
in many cases. 

Dr. C. E. Tennant of the department of theory and practice was selected 
to deliver the opening address for the coming session. The school opened 




K(luar<l I. Wilcox. Pr«.>.itl*.i;i. 

with an attendance somewhat less than in the previous year, but interest in 
tlie work both by teacher ami pupil seemed to increase as the weeks passed 
by. The school year closed witii a graduating class of six students. The 
program for the commencement exercises was varied and interesting. Hishop 
C. S. Olmsted of the Protestant I-Ipiscopal church gave a scholarlv address, 
and the evening closi-d with the u>ual feast of good thin.us. i>hvsical and 
mental. 

i<X)3-ioo4 was a year of unusual activity. Dr. W. A. P.urr was elected 
financial agent of the association for the express purpo>e ot placing the 
finances of the college on a more satisfactory l)asis. .\s a result oi his labors, 
assisted by mcnibirs of tin- b^ard of diii.t. hn ]\,- \\:>-. . Mableil t«> pa\ i>tT 



254 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

about three thousand dollars of debt, and in that way i)laced the institution 
in a much better condition. The success of this year gave encouragement 
for the future, and plans were made looking to the ultimate extinction of the 
mortgage debt. 

When the usual annual adjustments were made in the faculty for this 
year, there was a feeling prevalent that some of the men who had done good 
service in the interest of the school in years past, and who of necessity were 
compelled to relinquish their active connection with the teaching corps, should 
have some recognition in the faculty with w'hich they had so long labored ; 
hence, Dr. Samuel S. Smythe was elected emeritus professor of gynecology, 
and Dr. Samuel S, Kehr, now of Sterling, 111., was elected emeritus professor 
of ophthalmology and otology. 

A few changes occurred in the various departments and additions were 
made where necessary. The school opened with a fair attendance. Before 
the year was far advanced it was evident to all that better accommodations 
were needed and that more rooms were necessary. It was accordingly de- 
cided to lease the fifth floor of the Pioneer building. This was done, and 
during the holidays all that pertained to the educational w^ork of the college 
was transferred to the new and larger quarters. This was a great improve- 
ment, and was greatly appreciated by both students and teachers. Here the 
laboratories were enlarged and the facilities for teaching those branches were 
greatly improved. The lecture rooms are large, airy and light. This move- 
ment is regarded by all as an indication of progress, and portends a steady 
development in the work and classes of the institution. 

The work of the year moved on satisfactorily.; the students generally 
receiving high markings for their work; diligence seemed to characterize the 
purpose in every branch of study. The full fruitage of the senior class was 
seven graduates. The exercises were similar in character to those of preced- 
ing years. Dr. D. F. Howe, D. D., of Denver gave the address, and the 
musical program was given by Professor W. J. Whiteman and the great 
chorus choir of Trinity church. On this occasion Frank A. Burton gave the 
class address. It was regarded a most happy eiifort by all who heard it. 

The Denver Homoeopathic College and Hospital Association has now 
completed the tenth year of its existence ; and it stands to-day stronger in 
everything that goes to make a successful and up-to-date educational insti- 
'tution; and better equipped as a hospital for the care of the sick, than at 
any time in its history. This decade of history has been profitable in expe- 
rience, and while mistakes have been made, the spirit of harmony has pre- 
vailed in every department for years past, and errors that may have crept in 
have been promptly corrected. It is with a sense of profound satisfaction 
we review the past history, and sincerely hope that the future may have in 
store for us that degree of success and prosperity that comes from an honest 
effort and a laudable ambition to do that which is best in the interest of med- 
ical education, and contribute something to the relief of the suffering ones 
that may come under our care. 

The work of the eleventh year, 1904-1905, began promptly after the 
annual commencement of 1903-1904 was past. The present incumbent was 
elected for the sixth successive term to the ofifice of dean ; and Dr. David 
A. Strickler, so well known to the homoeopathic profession of this country, 
w^as elected for the eighth successive term to the position of registrar. Few 
changes were made in the faculty. The following were added : Dr. ^^^"lliam 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 255 

A. Secrist, Dr. W. W. Butman, Dr. Rea P. ]^IcGee, and Dr. John Galen 
Locke. During" the year, Dr. C. E. Tennant resigned, a step he long contem- 
plated, but one that was sincerely regretted by all of his collaborators in the 
school. His letter severing his active relation with the school was in lan- 
guage of warm friendship and hearty good wishes for the prosperity of the 
institution. We now have the largest faculty ever associated with the col- 
lege, and one in every way the strongest and best equipped for the year's 
Avork. During the year Dr. George E. Brown, of physical diagnosis, found 
his health so much impaired as to require a change of climate for a time, 
but his place was soon filled and the work goes on without intermission. 

We have now passed the first half of this year's work and everything 
indicates a rising tide in the afifairs of the institution. We present the faculty 
for 1904-1905, as an evidence of the process of development that has charac- 
terized the result of our labors : 

James Polk Willard, JNI. D., dean ; David A. Strickler, M. D., registrar. 

Samuel S. Smythe, M. D., emeritus professor of gynecology. 

Samuel S. Kehr. M. D., emeritus professor of ophthalmology and otology. 

William A. Burr, M. D., professor of theory and practice of medicine. 

John Wesley Ha:rris, M. D., professor of surgery. 

■Charles W. Enos, M. D., professor of mental diseases. 

James Polk Willard, M. D., professor of materia medica. 

Ambiose C. Stewart, M. D., professor of physiology. 

David A. Strickler, M. D., professor of ophthalmology and otology. 

Chauncey E. Tennant, M. D., professor of theory and practice of medicine. 

Waiter Joel King, M. D., professor of anatomy. 

Kujjert O. Buttertield. i\l. D., professor of obstetrics. 

George E. Brown, M. D., professor of physical diagnosis, diseases of the chest. 

Edward H. King, M. D., professor of diseases of children. 

Joseph B. Kinley, I\I. D., professor of theory and practice of medicine. 

John H. Morrow, M. D., professor of surgery. 

D. A. Richardson, j\I. D., professor of chemistry, toxicology and urinalysis. 

Grant S. Peck, M. D., professor of ophthalmology, otology, rhinology and laryngology. 

Leonard S. Ordway, M. D., professor of obstetrics. 

Ambrose Cecil Stewart, M. D., professor of nervous diseases. 

W. W. Butman, M. D., professor of medical gynecology. 

Joseph B. Kiniey, M. D., professor of dermatology, and genito-urinary diseases. 

Harley K. Dunklee, M. D., professor of theory and practice of medicine. 

William R. Wflch, M. D., professor of surgical gynecology. 

Grant S. Peck, M. D., professor of electro-therapeutics. 

James B. Brown, M. D.. professor of minor surgery. 

Horace T. Dodge. .M. 1)., professor of pharmacology and materia medica. 

Otto S. Vinland. .M. D., professor of anatomy. 

William A. Secrist, M. D., professor of surgery. 

Edward L. Shannon, B. A., professor of medical jurisprudence. 

Rea Proctor McGce, M. D., profes.sor of stomatology and oral surgery. 

Frona Abbott, M. D., pathology, hematology. 

Giles P. Howard, M. D., professor of hygiene, sanitary science and climatology. 

Clinton Enos, M. D., professor of theory and practice of medicine. 

John Galen Locke, M. D., instructor in surgical (|uiz. 

Daniel A. Richardson, M. D., demonstrator of anatomy. 

]'!lbcrt B. Swerdfcger, M. D., instructor in embryology. 

Alfiid M. Moore, M. D., instructor in anatomy. 

William A. Mussm.in, M. D., mstructor in nu'ileri.i UK'dica. 

Warren W. Preston, instructor in histology. 

1 liTiuiui C. Meiikel, instructor in physiology and physiological therapeutics. 

We have cndi-aviurd td iracr in a i;ipid way thi' lU-tails of our colic>je 
llislorv as it is wiitti 11 in Ibr records ol tlic Imard aiiil l.u"iilt\. This, wo trust. 



250 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



is enough to show the trend of affairs and tiie purposes of those into whose 
hands its interests have been committed. The saihng has not always been 
fair; squalls have rippled the waters occasionally, and a gale has clouded 
the sky and thrown the waves well over the deck of the good ship a few 
times ; a rough sea tests the mariner's skill, and if he be master of his art and 
his vessel staunch, he will bring her safely into port. 

So far our simile has not failed and we are still, after eleven years, mov- 
ing forward before a steady breeze, and destined to carry our freight of 
human interests into the haven of success. 

When the first homceopathic hospital was opened for the reception of 




James Polk \\illard, Al. D.. Dean. 



patients, it was a great event and one that reflected credit on the men who 
had taken the initiative and by courage and generosity carried the project on 
to completion. For several years the building in which it was first started 
did fairly well for the work required, and much experience was gained in the 
practical part of management which was valuable in many ways. It was 
soon evident to all concerned that something better must be secured ; accom- 
modation for a larger number of patients was an absolute necessity. The 
experience gained gave confidence to those in charge, and a movement was 
instituted looking towards the securing of ground and the erection of a 
building suited in every respect to the demand of an up-to-date hospital, where 
the sick could be cared for, and where such as need it could have surgical 



HISTORY OF HO^ICEOPATHY 257 

work done by skilled hands, amid surroundings in every way adapted to the 
latest sanitary and aseptic requirements. All these matters were carefully 
considered and nothing was left undone that would in any way contribute to 
the successful working of a modern hospital. These essentials were all de- 
cided upon before the work began. Lots were purchased on Capitol hill, in 
the midst of a beautiful residence portion of the city, where small parks are 
numerous and every surrounding was favorable for the erection of a delight- 
ful home. Here was erected the first fully equipped hospital under homoe- 
opathic control in the state of Colorado. It is a very attractive building, and 
easy of access from all parts of the city. It is two stories high and has a 
basement under the whole building, which constitutes practically a third 
story, as every part of it is in constant use for the culinary an dstorage depart- 
ments of the institution. 

This hospital was opened for the reception of patients on the 19th of 
January, 1899, amid the gathering of the friends of homoeopathy from all 
parts of the city, the ladies of the Woman's Homoeopathic Hospital Club 
acting as hosts. The members of the college faculty were present and con- 
tributed to the entertainment of the evening. 

Having established the hospital and installed the requisite corps of officers 
to conduct it, the question of nurses presented itself for solution. On May 
6, 1895, a committee was appointed on the " advisability of establishing a 
training school." The necessity for skilled help was imperative. Miss Durant 
was chosen as the first ])rincipal, and she selected such persons as she desired 
to assist her in the work of the hospital and in teaching the young women who 
were accepted as suitable for pupil nurses. From this time forward, the 
development of this branch of the work was the subject of considerable in- 
terest on the part of all in any way connected with the college and hospital 
association. Miss Durant was very efficient, and through her skill and good 
management both the hospital and school made rapid progress. She remained 
in her ]>osition several years. Miss ^Morgan came next, and then Miss Allen 
succeeded for a short time, IMiss King acted as supply till Miss Ellis was 
selected. After her came Miss Abba Thurston, who remained at the head 
of the school for several years. She was very efficient in the position and did 
much both for the hospital and school. Miss Tanquary came next and re- 
mained a short time. After her IMiss McKinley and ^liss Thompson each 
served for a time as supply, and then "Miss Isabella Dye came from Ohio and 
filled the place for one year. ]\Iiss INIattie McFadden was elected in June, 
1903, and is still doing valuable service. 

The " Homceopathic Envoy " was started early in \Si)C\ It was solely 
in the interest of hospital work, and the Ladies' Hospital Club found it an 
important and valuable aid in spreading knowledge of hospital work and its 
needs among a class of people that do not as a rule read medical literature. 
It proved a wise and beneficent movement and resulted in substantially help- 
ing the ladies in their lalior of love. It was sent regttlarly to a large number 
of peo])le and became a means of ac(|uaintance witli charitable purpi'ises ami 
hospital needs to maii\ persniis who would not otherwise have known of the 
work. 

On |ul\ 15, Ufi)},. thi' first issue- i^i " Progress " appeared under the edi- 
torship of David :\. Striekler. M. D.. with ilarrv M. JM-yer. M. IV. as asso- 
ciate c-(lit(^r. and the follow iuL! slalT of eojlaborators ; \inbrose C. .Stewart, 
M. I)., Willi.Mii A. I'.urr. M. D., Ciles 1'. Howard. M. D.. jauies P. Willard. 



258 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



M. D.. John Wesley Harris, M. D.. Grant S. Peck, M. D.. Joseph B. Kinlev^ 
M. D., Rupert O. Butterfield, M. D., William R. Welch, :\I. D., George E. 
Brown, M. D. 

From the first issue this journal has been well received by the profes- 
sion, and has made steady progress in its endeavor to meet the demands for 
a high class medical periodical, that fills its pages with matter from the pens 
of the best writers of the school in all parts of the country. This journal 
is an advocate for homoeopathic interest. Tt is a loyal supporter of the 
Denver Homoeopathic College, and it is a part and parcel of^the historv of 
our institutions in the citv. 



ALUMNI DENVER HOMOEOPATHIC COLLEGE. 



1895 Demitt, Nellie W. (deceased). 

1896 Mansur, Lettie C, Cal. 

1896 Spoor, Walter D., N. Y. 

1897 Cardwell, Alvira J. (deceased). 
1897 Connett, Jessie B., Skaguay. 
1897 Cooper, Fannie C, Colo. 

1897 Darling, James F., Kansas City, Mo. 

1897 King, Walter J., Colo. 

1897 McCurtain, Frank E., Colo. 

1897 Nutting, Floyd J., Nevada. 

1897 Nordland, Marie, Colo. 

1897 Pollock, Lilian I., Colo. 

1897 Reinhardt, Eugenia J., Colo. 

1897 Tennant, C. E., M. D.. Colo. 

1897 Tennant, Jessie R., Colo. 

1897 Wheeler, Pearl B., Colo. 

1898 Compton, George W., Colo. 
1898 Cowell, Charles B., Colo. 

1898 Ilahi-Baksh, Esther (Anderson), 

India. 

1898 Mahon, James R., M. D., Colo. 

1898 Mastin, James W., Colo. 

1898 Morton, Edwin C, Oregon. 

1898 Morton, Harry M., Oregon. 

1898 O'Connor, Wilhelmina F., Colo. 

1898 Strong, Frederick C, Colo. 

1898 Vinland, Otto S., Colo. 

1898 Vinland, Anna Peterson, Colo. 

1898 Wetlaufer, Ellen J.. Wvo. 

1898 Wetlaufer, Nelson R., Wyo. 

1899 Abbott, Frona, Colo. 

1899 Beeler, Margaret H., Colo. 

1899 Brown, James B., Colo. 

1899 Connett, William S., New Mexico. 

1899 Gregory, Rollin S., Idaho. 

1899 Thompson, Clinton E., Colo. 

1900 Batie, Edward J., Colo. 
1900 Clark, Jessie B.. Colo. 
1900 Horton, Daniel J., Colo. 



1900 Griffith, Ella H., Colo. 

1900 Peter. Arthur L., Nevada. 

1900 Woodroffe, Helen H., Cal. 

1901 Butterfield, Rupert O., Colo. 
1901 Musmann, William A.. Colo. 
1901 Armbruster, Charles E. H., Colo. 
1901 Jones, Wade A., Colo. 

1901 Vinyard, Guy S., Colo. 

1902 Bowie, Robert C, Neb. 
iqo2 Church, Lucius H.. Colo. 
i'902 Church, Mabel, Colo. 
1902 Pitts, Sollis O.. Nebr. 
1902 Swan, Albert T., Colo. 

1902 Zemestein, Jeannette W., Lag. Prov.^ 

P. I. 

1902 Cramer, Norman A., Colo. 

1902 Leslie, Samuel B., Ind. Ter. 

1902 Roosevelt, Giles F., Colo. 

1902 Daniels, James H., Colo. 

1903 Bartz, Leonard E.. Colo. 
1903 Beebe, Carolyn D., Colo. 
1903 Frazier, George J., Nebr. 
1903 Mills, Anna E. (deceased). 
1903 McGee, Rea P., D. D. S., Colo. 

1903 Singletary, Marie, M. D., Colo. 

1904 Burton, Frank A., Colo. 
1904 Buss, Loring A., Colo. 
1904 Locke, John G., Colo. 
1904 Peck, Birdsey P., Colo. 

1904 Richardson, Daniel A., Colo. 

1904 Rowley, Charles C, Colo. 

1904 Swcrdfeger, Elbert B., Colo. 

1905 Ewing, George W.. Mass. 
1905 Reed. Charles C. Colo. 
1905 Rosedale. Matilda C, Kans. 
1905 Furry, Frank J., Colo. 
1905 Merrill, Lilburn, Ind. 

.1905 Orr, William S., Nebr. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 259 



CHAPTER IX 

THE NEW YORK HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICAL COLLEGE AXD HOSPITAL. 

By L. C. Aldrich. 

In the state of Xew York in the year 1852 there were engaged in the 
practice of medicine according to the doctrine of Hahnemann three hundred 
physicians, nearly all of whom were converts from the allopathic school, who 
had become proselytes to the new faith through the teachings of Gram and 
his followers, whi'e a few others — and only a few — held the diploma of 
AUentown Academy or of the Homoeopathic Medical College of Pennsyl- 
vania ; but while the homoeopathic profession in Xew York half a century and 
more ago felt the same friendly interest in Pennsylvania institutions of med- 
ical instruction as always has been manifested in later years, its representa- 
tives even from the time of Detwiller and ^Vesselhoeft never felt entirely satis- 
fied to have the schools of medicine in the Keystone state furnish the regu- 
larly trained physicians who were thereafter to practice medicine within the 
boundaries of the Empire state. 

It was in Xew York that Gram first introduced the homoeopathic system 
of medicine in 1825; it was in Xew York that the first homoeopathic dispen- 
sary in America was established in 1845: and it was in the city of Xew York 
at a meeting of homoeopathic physicians held at the office of Dr. John Augus- 
tus McVickar on the 17th day of Xovember. 1849, that Dr. Federal A'ander- 
burgh offered a resolution " that it is expedient for the homoeopathic physi- 
cians of Xew York to apply to the legislature at its next session for a charter 
for another College of Phvsicians and Surgeons to be located in the citv of 
Xew York." 

Vanderburgh was nothing if not a diplomat, and rugged ex]icricnce with 
old school practitioners, whose temper and disposition he knew full well, had 
taught him the expediency of handling that old enemy with gentle touch, 
and not to ask the legislature for a charter for a college of homoeopathic med- 
icine, but for another " College of Physicians and Surgeons " in the citv of 
New York ; for, be it known, the legislature it was proposed to approach with 
a petition for incorporation was at that time dominated and complotelv influ- 
enced by the hosts of the allopathic school, and the mere suggestion of legis- 
lative action for the founding of a homoeopathic college W(M]1(1 certainh- result 
in an avalanche of opposition sufficient to overwhelm the legislative bodv with 
its mighty power; so VandeH)urgh proposed another "College of Phvsicians 
and Surgeons " as the most safe way to accomplish that which was sought 
and much needed. 

But there was present at that meeting of thirty-three homoeopathic \th\- 
sicians one Donovan — l^r. Donovan — of whom chroniclers of honnropathic 
historv give little accoinil. but whose surname indicates his race and the latter 
s<imetbing of bis tempcrainent and native traits; and in place of X'ander- 
bin-gb's resohilion he offered a substitute, the imptirt of which was tb.it apjili- 
cation be made lo the legislattu-e for the establishment of a " school of homa*- 
opatby." to be atiailuil lo tlu- imiviTsily, " with power to ctMifer degrees 



260 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

authorizing the practice of homoeopathy on persons who have already taken 
the degree of doctor of medicine." 

Donovan's resohition provoked discussion and the weight of argument 
was against him, and on motion of Dr. Gray the suhstitute was ordered to He 
on the tahle. Then \"anderburgh's original resolution was " put and carried, 
almost unanimously." But Donovan was not yet satisfied, and promptly 
offered a resolution directing the chair — Joslin was the " chair " — to apix)int 
a committee of five " to take into consideration the resolution adopted by 
this meeting for the establishment of a new medical college, and report the 
best mode of organizing such institution and the course to be adopted in pro- 
curing a charter." This action by Donovan met the approval of the meeting; 
his resolution was " put and carried," and the chair appointed as the com- 
mittee Drs. ivietcalf. Gray, Kirby, Joslin and X'anderburgh. The committee 
did its part with becoming promptness, and on November 24 laid its report 
before an adjourned meeting; and on motion the report was ordered to be 
" laid upon the table for the present "' — and that particular present is not yet 
at an end. 

All these things were done by the homoeopathic physicians of New York 
and its vicinity without formal organization, and when it was clear that the 
college project must fall the " meeting of homoeopathic physicians " resolved 
to adopt a constitution and perfect an organization " to be afterward incor- 
porated under the laws of the state of New York for the purpose of teaching 
the science of medicine and of receiving the power of conferring degrees 
and granting licenses to practice." The organization was duly perfected and 
the institution began an active existence under the name of Hahnemann Acad- 
emy of JNledicine. 

The principal object of the academy, however, was never accomplished, 
though not from lack of interest or determined eft"ort on the part of its mem- 
bers ; but its secondary purpose was carried out. and one of the best results 
of its endeavors was the creation of the Homoeopathic ^Medical Society of the 
State of New York, in which movement it was the leading spirit. The col- 
lege idea was not immediately abandoned, although all eft'orts in that direction 
for several years were unsuccessful, but the laws of the state soon provided 
a way for the examination of candidates for license to practice through the 
processes of the state societies, and by which the licensee was given a legit- 
imate standing in the professional world. 

In a certain sense the Hahnemann Academy of ]\Iedicine was an institu- 
tion of medical instruction with limited powers ; it established and for a short 
time maintained lecture courses and invited attendance upon them, with the 
primary purpose of instructing converts from the old school in the principles 
and practice of homoeopathic medicine, while its secondary and hardly less 
important object was to open the way for the medical education of students 
until such time as a college charter should be secured with power to confer 
the doctor's degree. Moreover, the academy was an institution of high stand- 
ing with the homoeopathic profession, its membership including practitioners 
from the state at large, with honorary members in nearlv every other state 
in which homoeopathy then had been introduced ; and if the records be accu- 
rate, it also was a dignified body, thoroughly loyal to its original principles 
and inclined to be jealous of its prerogatives. 

There is no direct link that connects the academy with the college move- 
ment which had its inception al^out 1853, ^lo^ y.\'hh that of five vears later 



K 



n 




2(i2 HISTORY OF HOAICEOPATHY 

which led to the founding of the institution whose annals this chapter is 
intended to treat ; but it was the beginning of homoeopathic college life in its 
formative period in this state, and forms an interesting and necessary founda- 
tion on which the present institution is laid. 

The college movement which originated during the late winter of 1852-53 
was set in motion by influences quite independent of the academv, although 
a majority of those who took part in the deliberations of that body when the 
subject was under consideration appeared to favor the new enterprise. In 
February, 1853, the academy members took formal action in the matter on 
the solicitation of the state society, which body at the time was making stren- 
uous efforts to found a college of homoeopathic medical instruction and natu- 
rally sought to enlist the support of the academy body. On the occasion re- 
ferred to Dr. Gray oft"ered and Dr. Curtis seconded the following resolution, 
which was proposed to be adopted and sent as a memorial to the state society : 

" The Hahnemann Academy of ]\Iedicine of New York respectfully represent to the 
Homa-opathic Society of the State of New York t"hat in their judgment it is not expedient 
to pray the legislature of the state for a medical franchise or monopoly because the cer- 
tificates of merit commonly called the degree of Doctor of Medicine may better be dis- 
pensed by a board of examiners appointed by your society or institute, which can be 
established by a modification of the general act for the incorporation of scientific and 
charitable societies." 

From this it is seen that the memorial was not adopted, the vote standing, 
ayes — Barlow, Curtis, Gray, Hanford ; and noes — Bartlett, Sherrill, Kinsley^ 
Kirby, Metcalf, Ball and Bolles. 

As has been stated, the second attempt to establish a homoeopathic med- 
ical college in New York originated with or received the sanction of the state 
medical society, which body at its session in 1852 appointed a special com- 
mittee to consider the expediency of establishing such an institution. The 
committee — Ball, Beakley, Chase, Humphreys and Childs — presented its re- 
port to the society on February 8, 1853. A few extracts from the report will 
be found interesting in this connection : 

"Although your committee have not considered it as coming fully within their range 
of duties to enlarge upon the location of such an institution, yet a few reflections may 
not be inappropriate. That it should be located in our'great commercial metropolis seems 
to be the more general impression. The available counter-argument, the economy of out- 
lay in buildings and the expense of living for students and professors in some central 
and more retired locality, seems to yield to the desire to have it within the great center of 
business, amid institutions of similar design. There are, moreover, conveniences for ana- 
tomical studies and for witnessing hospital practice, etc., in New York, which are not so 
conveniently obtained elsewhere. This reflection will obtain new force if, as is now in 
contemplation, a homoeopathic hospital shall be erected there, whose clinical instruction 
and treatment may form an important appendage to the college course. 

"Your committee cannot leave this subject without appealing to the moral sense of 
their professional brethren in behalf of this cause. 

"If homoeopathy be the truth in medicine, we know of no logic by which we can 
escape from the conclusion that it is as much our duty to teach it as it is to practice it. 
That we should practice it and in private profess to hold it as a heaven-descended truth, 
and yet refuse publicly to teach it, and in place of this permit others to teach our students 
that which we hold to be untruth, and know to be pernicious, seems to us to be the height 
of insincerity. What a spectacle docs it present to a reflecting community for four hun- 
dred physicians within this great state to send their students south to Pennsylvania or 
west to Ohio, to receive their doctorate as physicians of the school, or, as is more fashion- 
able, permit them to dodge about among hostile institutions here, concealing their prin- 
ciples like a bale of contraband goods, denying the truths you have taught them, always- 



HISTORY OF HO^rCEOPATHY 263- 

cxposed, and often necessitated to play a system of duplicity as hostile to morality as it is 
destructive of truth. A proper sense of self-respect, a love of consistency, and a desire 
to enjoy the respect and confidence of the public, it would seem, must cause us to wipe- 
away this reproach under which we have already suffered too long. 

" That we shaill be exempt from difificulties and embarrassments in the commence- 
ment and even progress of our enterprise, is not to be expected ; but we are not aware that 
these difficulties and embarrassments will be less at any subsequent period than now. On. 
the contrary, as selfish views and partisan ends have prevented this work until this period,, 
it is reasonable to suppose that in proportion to the greatness of the prize, and urgency 
of the case, will be the pertinacity with which these individual claims and partisan schemes 
will be pressed. Embarrassments from this source will never be found wanting, and 
they will doubtless present the most serious obstacle with which it will have to contend. 

" There seems to be a very general desire and expectation on the part of the public, 
as well as the profession, that this enterprise should be commenced at this time, and we 
apprehend that we should be wanting in a proper discernment of the signs of the times- 
and the exigencies of the occasion did we fail to meet that expectation. 

" We urgently need such an institution. We need the moral influence which it is- 
calculated to convey, and the educational facilities which it will afford. We have the 
patronage lor its abundant support. We have the funds for its substantial foundation,, 
and the men for the supply of its respective chairs. We can easily obtain a charter, with 
most liberal provisions ; and there seems to be no good reason why we should not ' arise- 
and build.' 

" Your committee believe that no physician of our school, earnestly desiring its wel- 
fare and prosperity, viewing the subject aside from private interests and mere personal 
predilections, can withhold his assent and hearty concurrence from the establishment of" 
a medical school, such as we have suggested; and we cannot conceive how opposition to 
it can arise from other than private interests and selfish ends." 

Firmer loj^ic than this never emanated from any body of commissioners, 
and the soundness of the reasoning- did have weight \vith the society and 
aroused a determination to push the college enterprise to a successful end ; 
but in some manner during the following year a spirit of dissention worked 
its way into the councils of the profession which with outside antagonistic 
influences contributed to the defeat of the plans of both the society and its 
special committee. However, before the enterprise was abandoned the state 
society appointed a committee to nominate a board of trustees, procure a 
charter and raise funds for the establishment of a medical college in the city 
of New York; but whether this committee was unfortunately chosen or that 
it merely could not accomplish its mission is not clear, but the fact remains 
that the report to the state society so dampened the ardor of the friends of the 
enterprise that the project was abandoned and not revived until the lapse of 
several more years. However enough was accomplished to awaken the honice- 
opathic profession to the absolute necessity of a school of medical learning, 
and the agitation of the subject was continued until that great end w-as at- 
tained and the Homoeopahic ^fedical College of the State of New York, in 
New York city; was cliartcrcd. organized and built up on the foiuidations 
laid by the worthy master homneopathists of earlier years. 

It cannot be dotibted that the committee appointed tt^ nominate trustees 
and .secure the charter acted in ])erfect faith, and the voice of suspicion never 
has biiii raised against the integrity of its members; but that the committee 
from the outset was confronted with discouraging obstacles is evident when 
viewed in the light of subse(|uent developments. Tlu'\ who signe(l the re]>ort 
were Dr. \l<tnzo S. I'all and Dr. Stejihen K. Kirby. botli plnsicians of abilitv 
,'ui(l men (il the highest character, as well as liiiiig warm friends of the new 
Si'liool tnc;isnrc. Tlicir ;icti(iii rf(|iiirfs iieillur cNpIanatioii nor a|>«ilogv. ;in»? 



264 HISTORY OF HO^IGEOPATHY 

the causes of failure of their mission are sufficiently set forth in the following 
extracts from the report to the state medical society : 

" The first thing to be accomplished was to secure the services of gentlemen of influ- 
ence to act as board of trustees. This your committee labored to do; and as it -was 
intended to locate the college in the city of New York, it would be necessary to have most 
of the board residents of that city; but it was found, on inquiry, that nearly all of those 
most suitable to co-operate with this society were already engaged in an effort to establish 
a hospital for the treatment of diseases homoeopathically ; they did not seem willing to 
add to their labors at the present time, in compliance with the request of your committee. 
This first step having failed, your committee was unable to proceed further, and they are 
compelled to disappomt the expectations of the society for the present. 

" Your committee then directed attention to consideration of the question : What 
can this society do under existing circumstances to promote the interest of the homoe- 
opathic school of medicine? This question is not intended to be narrow and sectional; 
for, the labors of physicians of our school in every part of our country are supposed to be 
designed to promote the good of all wherever located; and it is further believed that aj: 
the present time, in the infancy of our school, the greatest good can be accomplished by 
a concentration of the influence, as far as practicable, of each member of the school upon 
a single college. Believing in the concurrence of the society in this plain and practical 
principle of policy under existing circumstances, your committee extended their investi- 
gations, and it would seem that, as yet, the people are not sufficiently acquainted with the 
superiority of the homeopathic practice, which they no doubt will be in a few more years, 
and consequently it is doubtful if there is a real demand for more than one college, not- 
withstanding the calls for physicians of our school in many places in the country; but 
\-our committee believe that a single college with an able faculty can for a few more 
years supply this demand ; and the establishment of another contiguous to the one already 
in operation would be inconsistent with the policy proposed for the adoption of this society, 
and would thereby almost naturally beget a measure of rivalrj- uncalled for, and which 
might be the cause of weakness to both, which might result in annihilation, or at least 
aft'ect the usefulness of both. 

" The society perceives that reference is here made to the Homoeopathic College of 
Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. This college, as is known to j'our committee, has had to 
struggle with many difficulties, but it is triumphing. Its power is just developing. Its 
influence will soon be felt and acknowledged ; but it can hardly be said to be full grown ; 
but it is growing rapidly, and a concentration of the influence of the whole school of our 
country upon this point would in a short time develop its usefulness to the public and place 
it beyond the reach of rivalry; and when this period arrives, as it assuredly will, then 
another college in the great city of New York would be demanded by the public in unmis- 
takable language, and this society would meet with a hearty co-operation on every side 
in the establishment of another homoeopathic college. 

" In conclusion your committee would suggest and urge another thought in close 
connection with the subject of this report, which is, that it might redound to the credit 
of this society to avoid at the outset favoring the encouragement of a multiplication of 
homoeopathic colleges, because experience in the allopathic school teaches that this sort 
of rivalry in a school of medicine diminishes the value of the diploma in the public esti- 
mation, and may keep in existence numerous weakly and sickly colleges, located in unsuit- 
able places. And your committee would submit the following resolution: 

" Resolved^ That the further consideration of the subject be postponed." 

Such was the beginning; and such the end of the second attempt to estab- 
lish a homoeopathic medical college in the city of New York. Whatever the 
views entertained by the majority of the society or of the profession in the 
state, there was little outward manifestation of disapproval, but in certain 
influential quarters was shown a quiet determination to accomplish that which 
had been undertaken five years before. The recommendations of the com- 
mittee had been accepted as they had been made — in good faith — but the 
spirit of independent action was now abroad throughotit the state and the 
establishment of a medical college of the homoeopathic school was merely a 
question of a few years. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



265 



In the meantime the old Hahnemann Academy of Medicine continued its 
existence and usefuhiess, and had not yet abandoned the idea of acquiring 
power to itself of conferring degrees in medicine : but as one annual meeting 
followed another no substantial progress in that direction was made, and that 
despite the fact that its committees kept themselves at the doors of .the legis- 
lature with petitions to that end. This, however, did not meet the require- 
ments of the profession in the city or the state, and at each succeeding meeting 
of the state society the founding of a college was the uppermost topic of dis- 
cussion. 

In 1859 the movement again took definite form, and for the purpose of de- 
termined and united action an endeavor was made to harmonize all the con- 




y^^ 



Jacob Beakley. A. M.. M. D. 



flicting elements of the honiixoiiathic school in the state; and as before, har- 
mony and co-operation on the part of all auxiliary societies was hopeil for 
and sought, generally with gratif\iiig results, but still the acaileniy withhold 
its full and cordial su])|)(irt. At a meeting held March J. iS5«), the president. 
Dr. I'arlow. subinitt<(l a comnumicaticni from Dr. I'aine of Albany. " relating 
to the llabnc-niann Colk-ge bill now pending bef<n\' the K'gislature." an*l 
invited the views (^f those ])rrsent in regard to the jiroposed measure. It 
was the opinion of Dr. ( luernsey that the academy as a body could tiot take 
action in tiie matter, while Dr. b'releigh openly opposed the bill; and tlic 
result of tbc (U-liluTatiniis of tliis augu>»t bod\' wa^ a resolution directing the 



2(i(» HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

secretary, Dr. John M. E. Wetmore (Dr. Leach, pro tern.), "to inform Dr. 
Paine through Mr. (Dr.) Henry M. Smith that the Hahnemann Academy 
of Medicine have no information and know nothing about the charter or in- 
stitution whatever." 

At this time, however, other agencies were at work in the interest of 
the new college project, and the almost unanimous desire was to establish a 
homoeopathic college in name as well as in fact, and that without recourse 
to expedient in order to win the support of legislators whose predecessors in 
office were dominated by physicians of the old opposing school. Now the 
New York County Homoeopathic Medical Society had become a known factor 
in homoeopathic circles, a subordinate body to the state society, and an influ- 
ential advocate of progress whether in the field of medical education or in 
medical practice. And besides this, the homoeopathic profession in the city 
ancj throughout the state had gained a firmer foothold among the poeple, and 
it was now possible to enlist the co-operation of business men of influence and 
means in building up the physical structure of the proposed institution and of 
managing its afifairs without being compelled to depend on the slender means 
and less practical knowledge of those whose avocations in life gave them 
little experience in business methods. 

It may be said, however, that the bill before the legislature in 1859 did 
not become a law during the session of that year, owing to causes other than 
the cold indifference of the academy members and chiefly to the opposition 
of the old school practitioners and their societies ; but the period of delay 
gave opportunity to the homoeopathic profession to organize a campaign of 
education, coupled with quiet, earnest missionary work, so eflfectively accom- 
plished that on April 12, i860, a special act of the legislature granted a char- 
ter of incorporation to the Homoeopathic Medical College of the State of New 
York, in New York city. 

HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICAL COLLEGE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK. 

Notwithstanding the fact that this institution, the pioneer of its school 
in the Empire state, was the outgrowth of endeavors of earlier years, it was, 
and is — for under a modern name it still exists — in all material respects an 
original foundation, although it must trace its institutional origin and an- 
cestry to the movement started by that old homoeopathic pioneer and patriot, 
Federal Vanderburgh of New York, the secret of whose success lay in his 
enthusiasm for his profession, and whose best literary endeavor was his " Ge- 
ometry of the Vital Forces," a work which reflected the greatness of the man 
himself; and while Vanderburgh lived to witness the founding of a college 
of homoeopathic medical learning in the city where the scene of his profes- 
sional life was chiefly laid, he had no actual part in the accomplished result. 

It is indeed difificult to individualize in giving credit to the persons who 
were chiefly instrumental in founding the college whose annals are treated 
in these pages ; numerous forces from the ranks of the profession and from 
the laity both of the city and the state at large contributed to that end. and 
the honor, rightly placed, must be accorded to the homoeopathic profession 
and its friends, acting in conjunction; but the guiding spirits of the enter- 
' prise were members of the state and local societies acting on the initiative of 
a few worthy and determined leaders, among whom was Beakley, then recently 
from the chair of surgery and the deanship of the old Homoeopathic Medical 



HISTORY OF HOAKEOPATHY 2(57 

College of Pennsylvania, who saw the trend of public sentiment in the larger 
city and whose ambition to lead the organizing forces impelled him to resign 
official connection with the Philadelphia college and remove to New York ;' 
and Ward, who also came fresh from a professorship in the mother school 
just mentioned. And there were others, some of them former instructors 
schooled in the art of teaching as well as in practice, and all of them worthy 
founders and college builders, acting in harmonious alliance with those whom 
the act of incorporation nominated as trustees, each of whom was making 
pleasure of personal sacrifice that this particular institution might be given 
life and permanent existence, and that homoeopathy might have in New York 
an institution worthy m all respects of the school of medicine whose principles 
it proposed to promulgate. To name them here is unnecessary ; thev are men- 
tioned in the incorporating act, and with other factors and founders will be 
frequently mentioned in succeeding pages of this chapter, 

AN ACT TO INCORPORATE " THE HOMCEOPATHIC MEDICAL COLLEGE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, 

IN NEW YORK CITY." 

'1 he People of the State of New York, represented in "Senate and Assembly, do enact as 

follozvs: 

Section i. Hollis White, A. Oakley Hall, Daniel F. Tiemann. Cyrus \V. Field. Benja- 
min F. Pinckney, James M. Smith, J--., Abram B. Conger. Henrj' Xicoll. Horace H. Day, 
Francis A. Hall, Gordon W. Burnham, Charles L. Frost, David Austin. Jr., William Bar- 
ton, John Haggerty, Charles E. IMilner. Lot C. Clark, Frederick L. Talcott. James F. Hall, 
John P. Brown, J. M. Cooper, PI. L. Van Wyck, P. M. Suydam, and their associates, are 
hereby constituted a body corporate, by the name of " The Homoeopathic Medical College 
of the State of New York, in New York City," to be located in the city of New York, 
for the purpose of instruction in the various departments of medical science professed and 
taught by said college. 

Sec 2. The said corporation may hold and possess real and personal estate to the 
amount of one hundred thousand dollars, and the funds or property thereof shall not be 
used for any other purposes than those declared in the preceding section. The said cor- 
poration may also hold such collection of books and of the productions of nature and 
of art, as may be necessary for purposes of medical and clinical instruction ; and it may 
mortgage from time to time its property or any part thereof, by its bonds and mortgages, 
and may sell its property by its conveyances, and the same to be executed under the com- 
mon seal of said corporation, and acknowledged by the president ; and may divide its prop- 
erty into shares of stock, transtcrable as personal property. 

Sec. 3. The persons severally named in the first section of this act are hereby 
appointed trustees of the said corporation, with power to fill any vacancy in their board. 

Sec 4. The trustees for the time being shall have power to grant and confer the 
degree of doctor of homceopathic medicine, upon the reconnnendation of the board of 
professors of said college; but no person shall receive a diploma conferring such degree 
unless he shall be of the age of twenty-one years and upwards, and shall have pursued 
the study of medical science for at least three years after the age of si.xteen, with some 
physician and surgeon duly authorized by law to practice his profession, and shall also, 
after that age, have .ittcndcd two complete courses of all the lectures delivered in some 
incorporatecl medical college, the last of which courses shall have been delivered by the 
professors of said college. 

Sec 5. The said college shall lie siiliject tn the visitation of the regents of tlie uni- 
versity, and shall .■iniuially re|»(irt to ihein. 

.Si;c. (). rile corporal ion hereby created shall possess the powers and be subject to 
the provisions of the eighteenth chajiter of the first ])art of the revised statutes, entitloii. 
"of corporations." 

Sec. 7. 'I'he legislature may ;it ;iiiy liuie alter, modify, or repeal thi< act 

Sec H. This att sIkiH take elTecl ininiedialely. 

This was till ln'oinuiiig of hniuti'i^pathic colU-go hisioix m \'ow York. 
and the wiuk li.id lui'ii well dcni- niidrr careful giiidaiico : but the trustoos 
soon I'lUMid (iliur tasks in br pi-rldrnu'd in carrxin;.^ nut ibc |>ro\isioii> oi the 



268 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

act and in bringing into actual existence the institution whose physical guard- 
ianship they had assumed. They completed the permanent organization of 
their own body, and then proceeded with the principal object of their incor- 
poration. In this they were compelled to " build from the stump," but good, 
sound material was abundant, help always at command, toilers earnest and 
industrious, but ready means with which to meet the expense of all that was 
to be done w^as not over-plentiful ; but that old first board of trustees always 
found a convenient way in which to replenish the depleted treasury, and with- 
out hesitation went down into their own pockets and supplied w'hatever was 
necessary ; and thus set an example which their successors in ofiice even to the 
present day have followed with becoming generosity. 

With little difficulty the trustees found comfortable quarters for college 
occupancy at No. ii6 East Twentieth street, then as now in the center of 
tlTe business district, for from the beginning it was the intention of the 
founders to carry on dispensary work as preliminary to the acquisition of a 
hospital for bedside and clinical instruction of students, although several 
years passed before the full consummation of this plan. 

Having arranged the preliminaries for college w'ork, the trustees next 
cast the faculty body, the corps of professors to whom was to be entrusted 
the important duty of instructing the student mind for the first time under 
legislative authority in this state ; and when the initial efforts in this direction 
were simimed up they were well pleased with the work, and with pardonable 
pride announced to the medical profession and the public that on October 15, 
i860, the session of 1860-61 of the New York Homoeopathic Medical College 
would be opened, with a faculty constituted as follows : 

Jacob Beakley, M. D., professor of surgery. 
Isaac Al. Ward, M. D., professor of obstetrics. 

William E. Payne, AI. D., professor of principles and practice of bonKcopathic 
medicine. 

Franklin W. Hunt, M. D., professor of clinical medicine. 
Alattbew Semple, JNI. D., professor of cbemistry and toxicology. 
Stephen R. Kirby, M. D., professor of materia medica and therapeutics. 
John D. L. Montagnie. M. D., professor of anatomy. 
William W. Rodman, M. D., professor of physiology. 

On their own part the faculty members were not idle, the arrangement 
and supervision of the curriculum affording opportunity for the display of 
their abilities. Of their number Beakley was chosen dean, a wise selection 
at the time, and the office thus given him was filled with satisfaction to his 
associates, the trustees and the profession for several years. The adjustment 
of the lecture courses also was satisfactorily accomplished, after which the 
trustees and faculty issued the first " prospectus and announcement," setting 
forth the facilities for medical education offered by the college, and contain- 
ing also an expressed determination that " no medical institution in our 
countr}- shall be better prepared to impart a thorough medical education than 
the New York Homoeopathic Medical College " ; and further, that the law 
of similia similibus curantur would be thoroughly upheld, but that students 
would be instructed in all that pertained to both the allopathic and homoe- 
opathic systems of medicine ; that all the professors had received medical 
instruction in the old school colleges and had previous experience in prac- 
ticing and teaching, and thus were thoroughly ef|tiipped to give instruction in 
the principles and practice of both schools. 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 2(39 

At the opening of the first session in October, i860, fifty-nine matricu- 
lants presented themselves for attendance upon the courses, and at the com- 
mencement exercises at the close of the college year the degree of doctor of 
homoeopathic medicine, was conferred on twenty-seven graduates, who consti- 
tuted the first class, and also were the first to hold the diploma of the college ; 
and as pioneers their names are entitled to special mention in this place : 

H. J. Coleman. B. Lasins. C. W. Skiff. 

W. C. Coulton. E. D. Leonard. S. A. Smith. 

F. G. Coulton. X. A. Mosnian. E. W. Starn. 

H. H. Darling. • William ^lurrill. A. H. Thompson. 

A. C. Fletcher. W. :M. Pratt. N. H. Travers. 

E. 'SI. French. G. H. Farkhurst. C. S. Verdi. 

Charles Hait. \V. M. Payne. H. J. Whittlesey. 

J. W. Hunton. C. J. Rosenburg. W. W. Mimn. 

H. 5. Hutchings. E. B. Schley. S. H. Worcester. 

The second session — 1861-62 — opened with some changes in the faculty 
chairs. Kirby was assigned to the professorship of medical jurisprudence 
and toxicology ; Hunt to that of materia medica ; D. D. Smith, a new comer, 
to the chair of chemistry and physiology ; John Ellis to that of theory and 
practice ; and J. A. Carmichael to the chair of anatomy. Payne. Semple, 
.Montagnie and Rodman no longer appeared on the faculty rolls, but the num- 
ber remained as before. At the end of the session twenty-two diplomas were 
awarded, and the records show that the required theses presented at gradua- 
tion covered almost the entire range of medical subjects. 

The third session — 1862-63 — opened with Egbert Guernsey in the chair 
of materia medica, succeeding Hunt, retired ; Smith lectured on toxicology 
in addition to chemistry, physiology having been merged in other professional 
work. At the end of the year twenty-two graduates received diplomas. 

The fourth session — 1863-64 — while not specially eventful in itself, wit- 
nessed several important changes and the inauguration of more systematic 
work in the teaching department and particularly in the designation of pro- 
fessorial chairs. Beakley, who previously had given instruction in surgery, 
now became professor of surgery, surgical anatomy and pathology : Ward's 
chair became that of obstetrics and diseases of women and children : Kirliv 
still held to medical jurisj^-udence : (iuernsey to theory and practice of me<l- 
icine ; Smith's chair became chemistry, physiology and toxicolog\ ; Carmi- 
chael's, anatomy and ])h\ siology, llradforcl's. materia medica and therapeutics, 
and Melville liryant, M. 1).. apjieared on the rolls as demonstrator of anatLinn . 

The college had now become well grounded, and inider the somewhat 
radical changes in the personnel of the board of trustees made during the 
years just ])receding. a new and improved ordtr of things was established. 
At that time the civil war was at its height, and its depressing elTects were 
felt in the institution; but the trustees and facidty held firmlv to their purpose 
and were constantl> evolving ])lans to elevate the standard i)\ the college and 
increase its efficiency. The foiu'th annual prospectus autl announcement \»a> 
priiUecF in pamphlet form, a modest work of eight pages in plain paper covers, 
snlficienl for tin- time, and not inclined to overstate the character or importance 
of the institntion whose interests it was intended to adv.nice. .\ (piotation 
from its pages in this connection will be »)f interest: 

" The faculty, actuated by ni> mercenarx or selfish nmlives, have cntereil 
upon thi^ good woik with ;m i-ainist aiid hopeful zeal to place this institution 



270 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

upon the broad and elevated platform of an enlightened and progressive sci- 
ence, in the hope that it shall be unsurpassed by any medical institution in 
the country, in the completeness of its curriculum of instruction and in its 
practical advantages for acquiring a thorough and accomplished medical edu- 
cation. 

" While the distinctive teaching of this institution has for its fundamental 
basis the law similia similibus curantur, the student nevertheless will be famil- 




Gcorgc \V. Clarke, A. M., Ph. D. 
Secy, of Board of Trustees since 1872. President Ophthalmic Hospital. 

iarized with the philosoi)h\ of the entire history of medical science, with all 
its teachings and practical lessons as promulgated in our best standard works ; 
thus the student secures not only the same advantages afforded in any other 
medical college, but in addition one of a careful and thorough instruction in 
the great principles of that advanced philosophy which has within the past 
few years so rapidly changed and elevated the character of the medical pro- 
fession. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 271 

" This institution occupies under the laws of the state a position equal 
to that of any other medical institution ; and, by a special act of the legisla- 
ture, has secured the right to its students, in common with students of all 
other schools, to walk the wards of Bellevue Hospital, and all the great chari- 
ties on Blackwell's and Randall's islands, where almost every disease with 
which the human system is afflicted may be seen and studied in its varied 
stages." 

For the session under consideration there were seventy-nine matriculants, 
a greater number than in any previous year, and that notwithstanding the 
disturbed condition of the country on account of the war, which in many local- 
ities had the effect to close the doors of institutions of learning; and when 
the year closed with the commencement in 1864, twenty-six graduates re- 
ceived diplomas in medicine. 

The fifth session — 1864-65 — opened with sixty-seven matriculants, and 
with satisfactory conditions in all departments of the college, harmony pre- 
vailing in the faculty body and in the relations of the latter with the trustees, 
or board of council, in their management of the temporal affairs of the insti- 
tution and their general supervision of faculty work. The year witnessed the 
advent of Dr. Samuel Barlow into the life of the college, he then taking the 
chair of materia medica and therapeutics left vacant by the retirement of 
Bradford. At the commencement in March, 1865, thirty-eight diplomas were 
conferred on graduates. 

The sixth session — 1865-66 — opened with seventy-four new students in 
attendance upon the courses, of whom the greater number were from the Xew 
England states, New York furnishing its full quota, with a few from other 
states and Canada, In the faculty Dr. Matthew Semple succeeded to the 
chair of chemistry and toxicology, and while Bryant was dropped from the 
position of demonstrator of anatomy, the name — in large type — of Enos Hall, 
janitor, was placed at the end of the faculty roster. Here was added evidence 
of progression ; the revenues of the college now warranted the employment 
of a caretaker, on salary. At the commencement in March, 1866. the degree 
in medicine was conferred on forty graduates. 

The seventh session — 1866-67 — opened with eigiity matriculants, and also 
an enlarged teaching corps. Beakley and Smith retained their chairs as in 
former years; Kirby's former professorship of medical jurisprudence was 
changed in name to that of forensic medicine ; Barlow and Semple continued 
as before ; Guernsey vacated the chair of theory and practice, and in his place 
Hunt returned and took up the work under the name of institutes and prac- 
tice ; H. D. Paine, M. D.. became professor of clinical medicine and special 
pathology; Henry M. Smith, professor of demonstrative physiology; Timothv 
Field Allen, M. D., professor of general ami microscopic anatoniv : J. B. 
Holtby, M. D., prosector of surgcrv ; Ira Rcmsen. M. D., assistant chemist ; 
and A. P. Troop. M. D., demonstrator of anatomy. There was special sig- 
nificance in the increase of the faculty at this time, and the acquisition of such 
characters as Smitii and Allen marked the beginning of a new era in the life 
of the college and was the foreshadowing of future events oi unusual im|H">r- 
tance. At the commencement in 1867 thirty-eight regular and two special 
degrees were confern-d. 

The eighth scssi(Mi — iHr.7-(>8 — ttpt-ned with all departments of the solux-»l 
!n promising condition, and the largest class yet known in its history, there 
being for the year eighty-six matriculants, 'riie facultv, too. was increased 



272 HISTORY OF HO.MCEOPATHY 

and its personnel somewhat changed. In the announcement for the session 
the council, the name by which the board of trustees was then designated, ex- 
pressed gratification with the success which had attended the institution in 
the past and high expectations of increased usefulness in the future ; but at 
the same time both the council and the faculty with feelings of deep sorrow- 
announced the death of their esteemed friend and associate, Prof. Semple 
of the chair of chemistry, a valued co-laborer and capable instructor. His 
place was taken by Dr. J. J. Mitchell, who took the combined chairs of chem- 
istry and toxicology. In the re-adjustment of faculty work Hunt was as- 
signed to the chair of institutes and practice ; H. M. Smith to the chair of 
physiology and histology ; Phineas P. Wells, M. D., to the chair of practice 
of medicine ; Carroll Dunham to the professorship of clinical medicine. 
Holtby was made demonstrator of anatomy, vice Troop; William Brinck, 
^I\ D., prosector of surgery, vice Holtby, and J. H. Osborn, M. D., assistant 
chemist, vice Remsen. 

There were now ten regular faculty chairs in the college, and the incum- 
bent of each professorship gave persona! attention to his duties. The acqui- 
sitions to the teaching force for the session included at least three new pro- 
fessors, and thus was brought into the life of the school Drs. \\'ells, Dunham 
and ^litchell. This year in the history of the institution marked the begin- 
ning of closer relations of the college with the Xew York Ophthalmic Hospi- 
tal, and the removal of the medical department to the building occupied by 
the latter. In speaking of the association of interests thus established, the 
announcement for the year said : 

"The trustees of the New York Ophthalmic Hospital have placed that institution 
under the exclusive charge of homceopathic practitioners. Three of the board of physicians 
and surgeons are professors in this college, the students of which will thus enjoy especial 
opportunities of acquiring a practical knowledge of diseases and injuries of the eye, and 
their medical and surgical treatment." 

The advantages of the new association of interests were felt almost from 
the beginning, although there never was nor was there intended to be a com- 
plete union of the two institutions ; the close relation was established for 
convenient temporary purposes, and the occupancy of the hospital as the home 
of the' college, which continued several years, was more particularly to conserve 
faculty interests on the part of those who taught in both institutions. In 
March, 1868, at the end of the eighth session the diploma of the college was 
awarded to forty-two graduates. 

The ninth session — 1868-69 — opened with seventy-five matriculants, and 
a reorganized faculty both in respect to chair assignments and the personnel 
of the faculty body. As then constituted the teaching force comprised eleven 
professors, who performed the duties of eight chairs. In fact, with the close 
of the session ended that which may be termed the first era in the history 
of the college ; and in all respects the institution during the period since 
organization had accomplished much good work, had become permanently 
established, had inaugurated and carried into operation several important meas- 
ures which were in the nature of innovations in college life; and at no time 
during this period was the downfall of the institution imminent, although there 
w-ere times when conditions were not wholly satisfactory. lUit we must un- 
derstand that this nine years constituted a formative period, which was begun 
with little experience to guide the action of those who figured as founders 



HISTORY OF HO:\ICEOPATHY 273 

and homoeopathic college builders, but at all times during the period now 
about closed there stood behind the institution a splendid board of trustees 
and council, comprising some of the most noted men in Xew York ; men whose 
connection with an enterprise made it practically impossible to fail of suc- 
cess. But, more on this subject will be said later on in the present chapter. 

In the arrangement of faculty work for the ninth session, although there 
were only eight separate chairs, the council began the system of grouping the 
professors, simplifying the course and its curriculum, a regulation which 
originated in this college and obtained with more or less regularity until it 
became a fixed custom, developing with the growth of the institution and 
eventually resulting in the advanced methods employed at the present time. 
However, let us look briefly at the disposition of faculty work at the time indi- 
cated, and also at the composition of the teaching corps at the end of the 
first period of the college history : 

Jacob Beakley, surgery and surgical patholog^^ 

D. D. Smith and E. M. Kellogg, obstetrics and gynecology.-. 

Samuel B. Barlow and Carroll Dunham, materia medica and therapeutics. 

Phineas P. Wells and A. R. [Morgan, practice of medicine. 

F. W. Hunt, medical jurisprudence and psychological diseases. 
Henry M. Smith, physiologj-. 

Timothy Field Allen, general and microscopic anatomy. 
J. J. Mitchell, chemistry and toxicology. 
J. B. Holtby, demonstrator of anatonw. 
William Brinck, prosector of surgery. 

G. B. I. Alitchell, assistant chemist. 

Thirty diplomas in medicine were the results of the college work during 
the year under consideration. 

Till-: Ni:W YORK HOMOEOl'.XTHIC MEDICAL COLLEGE. 

• 

The tenth session — 1869-70 — of the college founded in i860 was opened 
in October, 1869, under new conditions, and with broader jwwers than were 
conferred on the trustees under the provisions of the original charter. On 
April 14, 1869, the legislature passed an act in relation to the college, the 
effective portions of which are as follows : 

Section i. The corporate name of "The Homceopathic .Medical College of the State 
of New York, in New York City," a corporation first estal)lishcd jiursuant to chapter 3^ 
of the laws of i860, is hereby changed to the title of " The New York Honittopalhic 
Medical College." 1 he said corporation is hereby continued in existence, and all official 
acts performed and degrees conferred under the said titles are hereby confirmed and made 
valid. The said colkgc shall be located, as heretofore, in the city of New York, and 
nothing contained in this act shall abridge i>r impair any right, obligation or liability to 
which the said corporation is a party, or atTect any action or legal proceeding nmv pending. 

Sec. 2. John Bissell, William Cullen Bryant, William de Grooi, Etlmund Hwight, 
Theodore W. Dwighl, Charles E. Frame. George Griswold, A. Oakey Hall, l-Mward H. 
Ludlow, Daniel D. T. Marshall. Ralph Mead. Orson D. Munn. D. Louis Pettie. James A. 
Robinson, James M. Smith. Jonathan Sturges. H. N. Twombly. John D. \an Buren. 
]5enjamin IL Walcott. Salem H. Wales. Horace Webster. .Mexander Wilder and their 
successors are hereby declared and constituted the corporation of said college, with the 
full powers, rank and functions of trustees of the same; and may also fill all vacancies 
in their own number. They shall ai)point a faculty, to consist of not less than six persons 
qualified to instruct sludfuls in .malomy, physioUigy. the institutes ami pr.ictice oi medi- 
cine and surgery. ol)>tetrics, materia medica, therai)eutics hygiene, chemistry, pharmacy, 
medical jurisprudence, and the kindred sciences; also a board ot censors, not less than 
three in number, none of whom shall be a professor or instructor in said college, to 
examine and recouuueud c.indidales for the drgree ot tloclor in meduiiie Six of the said 



274 



HISTORY OF HOAICEOPATHY 



trustees shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of all business, except so far as the 
same may relate to the leasing, purchasing, holding and disposing of real estate. 

Sec. 3. The board of trustees are empowered, upon the recommendation of the faculty 
and board of censors, to grant and confer the degree of doctor of medicine upon students 
of the said New York Homoeopathic Medical College ; but no such student shall receive 
such degree unless he shall be twenty-one years of age, and shall have pursued the study 
of medicine for at least three years, under the supervision of a reputable physician, and 
have attended at least two full terms of instruction in an incorporated medical institu- 
tion, the last of which terms shall have been held by this college. The said board of 
trustees may also confer said degree, either honorary or ad enndcm, in pursuance of 
the recommendation of the censors, upon eminent practitioners of medicine and persons 
holding diplomas from other reputable incorporated medical institutions. The said trustees, 
in testimony of the conferment of said degree, shall present to the candidate the diploma 
of said college, duly certifying the same, and attested by the seal of the corporation 




Roswcll i'. Flower, 
Founder Flower Hospital. 



and the signature of their president and secretary, a majority of the board of censors 
and of the instructors in said institution. The said diploma shall bear the date of its 
conferment by the order of the board of trustees, and shall entitle the person receiving 
it to all the rights, privileges, immunities and liabilities of physicians, as declared by the 
lav/s of this state. 

In connection with the earher history of the college, the new act of incor- 
poration, and the previous action of the clean in wording the diploma in a 
manner unauthorized by the act of i860, a few extracts from a letter written 
in December, 1904, by the late Hiram Calkins to Dr. Malcolm Leal will be 
read with much interest: 

" I secured the passage of the original charter in the assembly, with the right to 
confer the degree of doctor of medicine, the same as the old colleges had ; the senate 
amended it by inserting the phvcise 'degree of homaxipathic medicine'; the assembly non- 
concurred in the amendment and appointed a conference committee; the senate appointed 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 275 

a packed committee to meet with the assembly com.mittee ; the old school doctors rallied 
their forces and managed to beat me in the college by one vote, retaining the word 
' homcEopathic ' before the degree. Dr. Beakley had been connected with the college in 
Philadelphia, got in disfavor there, came on to New York the year before the charter- 
of the college here was passed, managed to get at the head of it and did not recognize 
the term used in the charter ; he assumed the issue of all the diplomas without the 
word 'homoeopathic' degree in them, which he had no legal right to do. 

" There came a time when this was leading to trouble, not only to the college, but 
an injury to all who had graduated. There was a consultation over the situation between 
the wiser heads. This resulted in the Hon. Theodore W. Dwight. for many years the 
dean of the law school of Columbia College, drafting an amendment to the act of i860, 
confirming and making valid all official acts performed and degrees issued. He also 
had repealed the provision "for degree of homceopathic medicine and provided for the 
degree of medicine, the same as conferred by other medical colleges. The amendments 
were taken to Albany by Mr. Dwight and their passage was secured by him." 

When the trustees organized the faculty body agreeable to the provisions 
of the new charter or act of incorporation it was deemed advisable to make 
some changes, but Beakley was continued in the chair of surgery and also as 
the executive officer of the faculty. The names of Kellogg, Dunham, Mor- 
gan, Wells, Henry M. Smith, Allen, and J. J. Mitchell no longer appeared, 
and new elements were brought into the life of the school. The chair of 
practice was filled by James H. Ward ; of physiology by Henry X. Avery ; 
of anatomy by Alexander H. Laidlaw ; of chemistry and toxicology by Ira 
Remsen. In the minor capacities Dr. Charles J- Mansfield was chosen demon- 
strator of anatomy ; Dr. G. N. Tibbals, prosector of surgery. The board of 
censors constituted under the act comprised Drs. B. F. Bowers, E. E. Marcy 
and Samuel Lilienthal. In speaking of the new teaching force the trustees 
say that " the faculty is constituted of gentlemen of acknowledged ability in 
every department of medical science, both immediate and collateral — several 
of whom have devoted almost half a life-time to the labors of teaching, know 
of what they speak, and therefore are the better enabled to point out tlie truth 
of the great law, suiiilia siini'Iibiis cni'antur," and further. " the trustees feel 
assured that no efforts will be withheld on the part of the members of the 
faculty to render their teaching efficient and conducive to the best interests 
and advancement of those who may seek their instructions." 

At this time, too, the trustees made a formal reorganization of their own 
body and elected as their president William Cullen Bryant, who had served 
in that capacity in the former board of council since 1861, and had been above 
nearly all others the mainstay and support M the institiuion in time of ad- 
versity and depression. The other officers oi the board were Salem H. Wales, 
vice-president; Edmimd Dwight. secretary; and H. X. Twombly. treasurer. 
The first year under the new charter was productive of good results, and at 
its close fortv-two diplomas were awarded. 

Soon after the close of the session of 1869-70 a radical change in the 
teaching force and uK-thods uf the college was carrieil into effect. It cannot 
be said that this was accomplishecl without friction, lint the time had come 
when it was necessary to do certain things wliich from their very nature were 
certain to he c.illed revolutionary if not high-handed so 'tar as metliods were 
concerned; but in uo (|uarter has if ever been said thai the l)o:ird was actuated 
by any other than the purest motives, and in all that the\ did their personal 
and official integrit\ never was (|iiestione<|. it max he said, however, that the 
immediate causi- which impelled the trustees to vacate the tacultv cliairs mi. 
Mav 18. 1870, w.'i^ a st;ilemenl made b\ a m»Mnl)er of tlu- W'w \ox\< Oninty 



v^ 




Flower Hospital. 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 277 

Homoeopatliic Medical Society to the effect that there had been a violation 
of the charter by which the college held its legal existence, in that the facult}' 
had recommended for the degree certain students who failed to attain the 
required standing of proficiency under the charter and the law. The charge 
originated in the body of deposed professors and resulted in action by the 
county society and a resolution offered by its president. Dr: Lilienthal. for the 
purpose of bringing about an investigation. The resolution is as follows : 

\\'hereas. the New York Homoeopathic Medical College has, at its last commence- 
ment, conferred the degree of ^I. D. upon students who had not attended their last 
course of lectures at the aforesaid college, in contravention of their charter and the 
usage of all colleges ; and 

Whereas, it has also conferred the degree of 'M. D. on a student who attended the 
Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia during the course of 1869 and 1870, was 
examined by the faculty of the Philadelphia college, found not qualified to practice 
medicine, and was refused a diploma, whereupon he came to New York to get a 
diploma ; and 

Whereas, by such acts the Xew York Homoeopathic Medical College has forfeited 
the confidence of the profession ; therefore 

Resolved, that the Homoeopathic IMedical Society of the County of Xew York refuses 
henceforth to accept the diploma of the Xew York Homoeopathic Medical College as 
a sufficient credential for mem.bership. 

On motion the resolution was referred to a committee of three, who were 
instructed to invite the dean, faculty and trustees of the college to explain the 
apparent irregularity in conferring degrees, and to report at the next meeting 
of the society. Drs. Hallock, Paine and Joslin were appointed the committee. 
This the committee did with commendable promptness, and in presenting its 
report to the society, accompanied the same with these resolutions : 

Resolved, that the recent action of the Xew York Homoeopathic Medical College in 
admitting to graduation candidates who have not complied with the requirements of its 
charter and the regulations of all reputable medical colleges, is calculated to destroy 
confidence in its diplomas, is an injury to the cause of sound medical education, and 
merits the disapprobation of the profession. 

Resolved, that the Homreopathi; Medical Society of the County of Xew York 
earnestly request of the faculty and officers of the Xew York Homccopathic Medical 
College greater care hereafter to secure compliance with its charter obligations and a 
high standard of medical scholarship, as alike necessar>' for the respectability of the 
college and the reputation of the homoeopathic profession. 

Resolved, that a copy of the foregoing resolutions be forwarded to the board of 
trustees pnd dean of the Xew York Homoeopathic Medical College. 

The resolutions were unanimously adopted ; the integrity of the college 
was vindicated, and the oft'enders against the reciuiremcnts of the charter were 
rebuked by dismissal ; but it must not be assumed that notwithstanding the 
swee]Mng character of tlie resolutions and the sul)sec|uent action oi the trus- 
tees in vacating all the chairs, all the iirofessors were implicated in the irregu- 
larities charged, for such was not tlu" ca>^e ; but in purging the c<illoge of all 
its im])ure elements it was thought liest to sweep aside the entire facultv 
body. Those who were guiltless wen- exonerated, and those in /'(7/7/Vt*/'.v criin- 
iiiis were made to smart tnider tlu' lash of condemnation l)\ the countv stx'ietv 
and by the college trustees. 

Thus the occasion ])assed withotU more serious results tiian liere nien- 
tione(l, and when the trustees had completed the work of reori^anization the 
new facultv body was found to ct)nt:iin some of the strongest teachers of tite 
boinoopatbic school in America. The CM'casion, too, was made the subject of 



278 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

inquiry and action by the American Institute of Homoeopathy at its session in 
June, 1870, at which time recommendations were made to all homoeopathic 
medical colleges looking to a higher standard of education. 

In selecting the faculty for the eleventh session — 1870-71 — the trustees 
appointed to professorships several former members of that body but none of 
whom had been identified with the college during the preceding session. Four- 
teen regular faculty chairs were established, as a conformity to the provisions 
of the new charter, the recommendations of the American Institute of Homoe- 
opath}', and the advanced standard of medical education set up by the trustees 
in answer to the demands of the homoeopathic medical profession in the east ; 
and when the work was finished the personnel of the new teaching force was 
found to be as follows : 

William Tod Helmiith, professor of surgery. 

John C. Elinor, professor of clinical surgery and surgical anatomy. 

C. T. Liebold. professor of ophthalmic surgery, 

A. R. Morgan, John W. Bowling and F. S. Bradford, professors of theory and 
practice of medicine. 

Samuel Lilienthal. professor of clinical medicine. 

H. D. Paine, professor of the institutes and history of medicine. 

Carroll Dunham and Timothy Field Allen, professors of materia medica and 
therapeutics. 

H. R. Stiles, professor of physiology. 

Samuel A. Jones, professor of histologj'. 

S. P. Burdick, professor of obstetrics. 

E. M. Kellogg, professor of diseases of women and children. 

F. A. Rockwith, professor of chemistry and toxicology. 
William O. ]\IcDonald, professor of anatomy. 

D. B. Penfield, Esq., professor of medical jurisprudence. 
Theodore D. Bradford, demonstrator of anatomy. 

H. 'M. Gernegan, prosector of surgery. 

Robert W. INIartm, assistant professor of chemistry. 

The twelfth session — 1871-72 — witnessed several important changes that 
called forth from the trustees on the recommendation of the American Institute 
of Homoeopathy a special announcement to the effect that in this college a 
three vears' graded course of study was adopted, and was earnestly recom- 
mended to the student body, but was not compulsory. The students, however, 
took kindly to the new requirement, which clearly was for their benefit, and 
was favored by the profession generally, although it necessitated longer attend- 
ance at college. 

Another event in connection with the history of the college which was 
of major importance was that by which the New York Ophthalmic Hospital 
and the college were combined in the joint occupancy of the new five-story 
building at the corner of Third avenue and Twenty-third street, one of the 
most elegant and commodious edifices of its kind in the city. It was hoped 
that the new structures would be ready for occupancy at the opening of the 
twelfth session, but on account of delays in the work of construction it was 
not completed until the following year. However, the congratulations of the 
trustees were not premature, and the entire profession rejoiced with them on 
the consummation of the great undertaking, for by it both institutions were 
much benefited. Owing to the delay referred to the session of 1871-72 opened 
and closed in the old home of the college, and at its end thirty-six diplomas 
in medicine were awarded. A few minor changes were made in the facultv 
during the session, among them the retirement of Morgan from the chair of 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



279 



theory and practice ; the succession of Henry C. Houghton to the chair of 
physiology, vice Stiles; C. A. Bacon to the chair of histology, vice Jones; 
Charles Avery, LL.D., to the chair of chemistr\^ and toxicology, vice Rock- 
with; and R. H. Lvon, Esq., to the professorship of jurisprudence, vice Pen- 
field. 

The thirteenth session — 1872-73 — was opened in the new college building, 
the event being of sufficient importance to evoke from the trustees and faculty 
expressions of gratification. They said : 

The first and most obvious source of congratulation is the final completion of the 
new college building. This event, it was confidently hoped, would have been accom- 
plished last year, but unavoidable obstacles delayed the progress of the building until 
too late for its occupancy last season. It is now, however, happily finished, and will 




Henry M. Smith, M. D. 
Died March 16, 1901. 

be furnished in the most complete minner and ready for the reception of students longr 
before the beginning of the next terni ♦ * * * ' j\^^ buildinp. both for college and 
hospital purposes, has been so carefully pla-nned nnd is so complete in all its appoint- 
ments that it warrants a full descrii)tion ; but before entering into details, the otVicers 
of both the hospital and the college desire to acknowledge the munificent donation of 
$100,000 from the widow of the late Henry Keep, which has not only removed all incum- 
brance from the hospital but leaves a surplus of about $60,000 for its current expenses, 
.Such tangible assistance so modestly and liberally rendrnd deserves the thanks of the 
entire honneopathic pn>fi>ision. 

A detailed description i>f tin- C(illi!.;f imd htispilal Imildiii!^ is not tloiinod 
necessary in this placr. altlumuli it was the home of the college for several 



280 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

years and of the hospital to the present time. In speaking of the teaching force 
of the college at this time the announcement says it is composed of working 
men, and that without excepting the emeritus professor of diseases of women 
and children. Dr. Kellogg, who continued his lectures throughout the following 
winter. Prof. Carmichael was appointed to the chair of anatomy, the former 
incumbent, JMcDonald, having been transferred to the chair of diseases of 
women. Dr. George S. Allan performed the duties of the chair of histology 
during Prof. Bacon's absence in Europe. 

For the session of 1873-74 the faculty of the previous year was continued, 
€xcept that Houghton in the chair of physiology was succeeded by Adrien J. 
Ebell. M. D., and on account of ill health Prof. Dunham spent most of his time 
in foreign travel. At the close (if the session thirty-two graduates received 
diplomas. 

' ' The fifteenth session began with pleasing prospects of future success. 
During the session just ended one hundred and six students had been in attend- 
ance upon the courses, a number greater than at any previous time in the his- 
tory of the college. In this year for the first time faculty prizes were estab- 
lished, there being two of them, the first the Allen prize, the gift of Timoth}' 
Field Allen, a medal to the student preparing the best original investigation 
on the properties of any drug, and the other the Lilienthal prize for the best 
written report of the clinics of that famous clinician. 

In the announcement of the sixteenth session, the trustees took occasion 
to say, with pardonable pride, " It is with feelings of gratification that the 
board of trustees is enabled to announce to the profession the increased pros- 
perity of the college. As an evidence of success they would say that the class 
of 1870-71, the first under the new administration, numbered but 48 students; 
that of 1871-72, 79; that of 1872-73. 101; 1873-74. 105. and the class of 
1874-75 numbered 133 matriculates, an increase of nearly 150 per cent in 
five years." " * * '" The graded course system first introduced into med- 
ical colleges by this institution seems to meet with favor by both preceptors 
and students. In 1872-73 nine persons took advantage of the reduced rates, 
pledging themselves to attend three courses of lectures; in 1873-74, ten, and 
during the session of 1874-75 twenty-one students registered in the graded 
course." 

During the session under consideration new elements of strength were 
brought into the teaching department, although there was but one change in 
the faculty, the election of J. T. O'Connor. M. D.. to the chair of chemistry 
and toxicologv in place of Avery. The special lecturers, a part of whom 
served during the preceding session, were F. E. Doughty, P. Arcularius, J. H. 
Thompson, St. Clair Smith, W. N. Guernsey, Adolf \'arona and Martin Des- 
chere, all physicians of prominence and lecturers of acknowledged ability. 
During the session several additional prizes were offered, among them the 
Helmuth prize for the best written account of the surgical clinics of that 
great teacher and operator, and tlie r>ur(lick ])rize for ]:)roficiency in the depart- 
ment of obstetrics. 

In this connection we cannot resist the temiitatiou to incorporate in this 
place some extracts from Lilienthal's valedictory address at the commencement 
exercises held March 4, 1875 : 

A few moments ago you were onlv the senior class of your alma mater : now we 
proudly greet you as our colleagues, and recognize in you the equal rights and privileges 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 281 

as doctorcs mcdicinae, chirurgitic ct artis obstctriciae, which have been vested in )'ou by 
the state of New York, and which w^e, your .seniors, have enjoyed for many a year. 

During the brief space of three terms you, my 3'oung colleagues, could of necessity 
master only the rudiments of the various branches of medical art and science, and from 
this day you will apply that knowledge to "life's golden tree."' Experience thus gained 
will enrich 3'ou from day to day, inasmuch as you must remain students for life. The 
practical results gained are the fruits of "life's golden tree" — and this you will retain 
forever. Such an empiricism built upon experience, aided by scientific researches, must 
make you good and skillful physician-;. 

An old proverb says " poeta nascitur. non fit," but in all the sciences, diligence, 
patient investigation and iron endurance are the indispensable requisites of success and 
of greatness. None have excelled in chemistry but he who had toiled for years in the 
laboratorjs none ever became •a good microscopist but he who by long endeavor taught 
his ej-es the art of seeing, and none ever became a true physician but he who at the 
bedside prayerfully labors to carry out the instructions received during college days, and 
then amplified by constant study. 

Just here we candidly acknowledge that our lectures are sadly deficient in the clin- 
ical element; but W'hosc fault is it that in this great metropolis no suitable homoeopathic 
hospital exists? Whose fault is it that of the many eleemosynary institutions which are 
an honor to the warm hearts and open hands of our citizens that none is allotted to us? 
Do not our patrons, firm belie\ers in homceopathy, contribute a very large share of the 
taxes which support these institutions? But we must be shut out by the brave disciples 
of the domineerint^' school. In behalf of homoeopatherapeutics T tling the gauntlet at their 
feet and challenge them to take it up. I beg of you. gentlemen of the press, who honor 
fair play, to make this open challenge known. For many a year we have been denied 
our rights, and to-day both science and humanity demand that they shall no longer do 
us wrong. 

Gentlemen of tlv.- allopathic school the day is past when you can call every homoeo- 
path a quack and a pretender; you no longer see the meagre minority which even then 
you vainly tried to crush. Look at f)ur Ophthalmic Hospital, and note how its record in 
l)oth surgical and therapeutical results compare with your own. 

Gentlemen of the old school, you cannot deny that when we had a fair opportunity 
to compete with you, the palm has been ours. We have shown you that honKeopalhic 
surgeons equal those of your .school in operative skill, and we have demonstrated to you 
what homoeopathic therapeutics can do in lessening post-operative mortality. In the name 
of science we challenge you to meet us in open trial. In the name of our suffering 
humanity, we demand an opportunity to do our duty. Give us hospitals, and then by our 
works you shall know us, and by our fruits we will gladly be judged. 

Far be it from us to give this challenge in a boasting spirit, for the jioit teaches 
us another lesson when he r.ays : 

" Learn of the great and little world you fill. 
To let it go ;it Inst, so ])leaso ye, 
Jvist as (ii)d will." 

My friends, to reach the top of the ladder, we must start from the lowest step. 
lie tlierefore not ashamed to be seen going the rounds in the hovels of the poor, and 
Id minister good counsel and jihysic even to the fallen. You follow thus only the example 
(if tiiat Great Physician who went about doing good. But even in a material point. /» 
pays. The poor suffering woman whom your skill and your kindness restored to health. i> 
also proud of her physician; she will enter the lists for him; she will urge and entreat and 
rec(unnuii(l him wherever she goes, ;uid thus it i)ays in the long run. l"\»r after all 
ue li\i III .1 matter-of-fact age, .and it is neeesyary for the phy-iician to live in a >tyle 
e(innn<iisiii:iir 10 his profession; the world demands this, .and the world has a right to 
demaiiil il ; Imi you also have the right to demand from this world that yoiu' services be 
promptly .iiid rlircrfully remunerated. ♦ * ♦ ♦ In ^^\•^\(•Y to be charitable an«l a min- 
istering tiirnd lo ilic poor, it is nece-^-ary to collect your fees from tliosc who- are able 
to pay and soimliiiu ^ 1 n;ill> (ioubl whether anyone who is fully mMc i<i pay I'i'; doctv'r'-; 
bill and tails lo do mi cm cvir enter tlu' kingdom of heaven 

1 'rofi'ssiir I .ilieiithal. tlii' tnalnr ol" tlio (»ci'asion jii>i imiitu'iieii. w.is i<'i 
vi-ars a Idwct nf striiioth in tlie rihicatiniial history of tin- v-(>lK'!,;i', aiiil l>y his 
faillil'ul, (•.iiiicsl flTiirt <liil iiiurii In iiuTeasr the iisefiilm'ss nf ihi- iiistitiniott 



282 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

and also to add to its popularity. Indeed, a glance at the personnel of the 
faculty body at the opening of the seventeenth session, which was practically 
the same as in the preceding year, and also the next following several years, 
will show the names of teachers each of whom enjoyed wide celebrity in the 
ranks of the profession, whether as incumbents of the professor's chair or in 
the general practice of medicine. Beginning with the seventeenth session, 
Doughty was advanced from his former lectureship to the full chair of anat- 
omy, but continued his lectures as before. But that which was the source of 
the greatest gratification to those immediately connected with the college 
w^as the acquisition in 1875 of the Charity Hospital on Ward's Island, which 







Samuel Lilientlial, M. D. 

in that year was placed under homoeopathic supervision ; and thus Lilienthal's 
appeal for homoeopathic recognition produced almost immediate results, but 
in the accomplishment thereof other factors worked to the same end. This 
success was made the subject of special notice in the announcement for the 
next year, in which the trustees took occasion to say that " the city authorities 
have turned over to the homoeopaths one of the most magnificent hospital 
buildings in the country, capable of accommodating several Inmdred patients. 
The hospital is now in active operation, under the immediate supervision of 
Dr. Talcott as chief of staft". Six resident ])hysicians and surgeons are ap- 
pointed at the close of each college session to serve for one year." 

The advantages of this acquisition to college interests were immediate 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 283 

and jyave the institution a higher standing in the medical and surgical world. 
Clinical instruction now became an important part of the curriculum, and the 
faculty was induced to arrange a number of clinics which were made avail- 
able through the numerous facilities now within their reach. 

For the nineteenth — 1879- 1880 — session the faculty of the preceding year 
was continued, except that St. Clair Smith was advanced from adjunct to 
the chair of materia medica to the full professorship of physiology. In the 
following year no material change was made in the faculty body— none was 
needed, but several additions were made to the auxiliary teaching corps, the 
total number in that relation being seven. 

At this time, too, the prize system was producing good results in the 
spirit of emulation it awakened in the student body. Glancing over the rec- 
ords for the year 1878-79, it is seen that eight principal prizes were proposed 
and competed for, and the contest for their possession aroused a spirit of 
friendly rivalry in all the advanced classes. The prizes for the year mentioned 
were as follows : 

1. Faculty prize — For the highest grade of scholarship through the whole course 
of three years' study; $100, to E. V. Mofifat of Brooklyn. N. Y. 

2. The Wales prize — offered by the president of the board of trustees, Salem H. 
Wales, to the member of the junior class showing the highest grade of excellence in 
the examination of junior branches; a Helmuth pocket case of instruments; to James 
E. Lilienthal of New York city. 

3. The Dr. H. B. Millard prize — offered to the student showing the greatest pro- 
ficiency in pathological anatomy; a fine case of post-mortem instruments; to E. V. Moffat 
of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

4. Prize for the best standing in obstetrics ; case of obstetrical instruments ; to 
E. V. Moffat of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

5. Prize for the best thesis on mental diseases; copy of Lilienthal's " Honweopathic 
Therapeutics;" to E. S. Kinney of Connecticut. 

6. Prize for the best examination in electro-therapeutics ; copy of "Althaus on 
Electro-Therapeutics ;" to H. C. Blauvelt of New York city. 

7. Prize offered by Dr. J. C. d'Korth of ^Montevideo. South America, for the best 
thesis on fevers; a case of medicines; awarded to W. M. Decker of New York city. 

8. A prize offered by Dr. d'Korth for the best thesis on some nervous disease: a 
case of medicines, awarded to E. V. Moft'at of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

The college entered upon its twenty-first session — 1880-1881 — with new- 
assurances of future as well as present prosperity. At the end of the last 
session thirty-three diplomas in medicine were awarded, and at the opening 
of tiie present year all the classes were well filled, the old faculty members 
retained their respective chairs, and the number of professors was increased 
to fifteen, the new chairs being physiology, filled by G. W. Blodgett, and 
chemistry, filled by Malcolm Leal. Previous to this year the three years* 
graded course h.ad been optional with students, and while a majority availed 
tliemselves of its increased opportunities for acquiring thorough medical edu- 
cation, the trustees and faculty were of the opinion that the course should 
be made compulsory ; anil it was done without detrimental etYects. The 
announcement says : " 1 lereafter there will be three classes of undergraduate 
students in the college, to be called the jiniior. the middle, and the senior 
class. The course of instruction for each class shall occu|)y a year, and the 
entire course three years. 

With the twenty-.second session— iSSi - iS8j M;irtin PeM-lnie. M. IV. 
and Hiikk (i. (".irlton, M. D., were added to the faculty, the former in the 
cliair of diseases of childri'ii and llu' lattrr drmniistiMtiir of :in,ili>iii\ ;in.l .(ssist- 



284 HIST()R^■ Oh' HOMCEOPATHY 

ant to Doughty's ])rincipal chair of anatomy. In the announcement of the 
session the trustees and faculty take occasion to speak of the advantages of 
the compuisory course, and refer with pride to the fact that this was the first 
American college to establish such a regulation, and also that for eight years 
it had been carried out.' 

For the twenty-third session beginning in the fall of 1882. the name of 
T. F. Allen appears as dean, replacing in that office Prof. Dowling, the latter. 
however, continuing his work in the chair of diagnosis. He had served twelve 
years as executive officer of the faculty and only resigned because of failing 
health; but so great- was the regard of the faculty for him that he was at once 
elected president of that body. 

The announcement for the session also discloses several faculty changes 
and additions, some of which were of an important character. O'Connor had 
retired from the chair of materia medica and toxicology, and Carlton no longer 
appeared on the rolls as demonstrator of anatomy. Smith, who had retired 
before the beginning of the previous session, now returned and was assigned 
to the chair of materia medica ; and Houghton again came into the teaching- 
corps as incumbent of the chair of clinical otology. Arcularius, former special 
lecturer and professor, was advanced to the full professorship of dermatology, 
with clinics, and Walter Y. Cowl, also former special professor, was made 
professor of general pathology and morbid anatomy. John Butler was a]> 
])ointed to the chair of electro-therapeutics and electro-surgery, having been 
lecturer since 1878: E. \'. Moffat, the winner of several ]:)rizes for proficiency, 
was called to the chair of histology ; Wilcox was continued as prosector to the 
chair of surgery, and Cornell as clinical assistant to the same chair. \\'. W. 
P)lackman was made demonstrator and assistant to the chair of anatomy, and 
C. S. Elsbach assistant to the chair of physiology. 

The year 1883 may be said to have marked the beginning of a new era 
in the history of the college, and almost for the first time in the more than 
twenty years of its existence the treasury contained a surplus after payment 
of all expenses, and that in face of the fact that the institution had no endow- 
ment whatever and was dependent on the revenues from students to meet 
current expenses. In his report to the trustees in ]\Iarch of that vear the dean 
represented that the college was not only in a prosperous condition so far as 
its educational department was concerned, but that after paying all expenses 
there was a surplus of more than one thousand dollars in the treasury of the 
facultv. which he siig^^csfed might be preserved as the beginning of a building 
fund for the erection of a college of its own. and which was greatly in need. 

These were prophetic utterances, perfectly characteristic of Allen, who 
has been regarded as the greatest organizer and builder of homoeopathic insti- 
tutions in this country. The college had now so grown in all material resjU'cts 
that the need of a separate building for its sole occupancy had been felt, but 
the time had not yet arrived when conditions warranted determined action 
looking to that end ; but Allen's suggestions to the trustees was not without 
weight and was the real beginning which led to the eft'ective agitation of later 
years. 

'!"he same year witnessed several imi:)orlant changes in the facult\- and a 
return on the part of that body to the system of classification of ]~)rofessorships. 
The announcement, also, appeared in new form and altogether there 
seemed to be a tendency to more pretentious a])pearance in all that pur- 
ported to represent college interests. For the first time. too. the names of 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 285 

officers of the faculty were printed in the annual* literature. They were Tim- 
othy Field Allen, dean ; Francis E. Doughty, president ; E. \". Moffat, secre- 
tary. 

In this connection may be noted the systematic classification of the faculty 
in the same year, establishing a custom that still obtains, and one which is 
almost singular to this college : 

Materia Medica and Therapeutics — 

Timothy Field Allen, materia medica and therapeutics. 

St. Clair Smith, materia medica. 
Theory and Practice of Medicine — 

F. S. Bradford, theory and practice of medicine. 

J. W. Dowling, physical diagnosis, and diseases of the heart and lungs. 

S. Lilicnthal, mental and nervous diseases. 

Martin Deschere, diseases of children. 
Surgery — 

William Tod Helmuth, surger\\ 

Francis E. Doughty, diseases of the genito-urinar}- organs. 

Sidney F. Wilcox, demonstrator of surgery. 

C. W. Cornell, clinical assistant to the chair of surgery. 
Obstetrics — 

S. P. Burdick. obstetrics. 

J. L. Beyea, demonstrator of mid-.vifery. 
Gynecology — 

E. M. Kellogg, diseases of women (emeritus'). 
W. O. McDonald, gynecology. 

Atiatomy — 

F. E. Doughty, anatomy. 

W. W. Blackman, demonstrator of anatomy. 
Physiology — 

George W. Blodgett, physiology. 

C. S. Elebash, assistant to chair of physiology. 
Chemistry — 

Malcolm Leal, chemistry and toxicology. 

C. H. Dunning, instructor in chemistry. 

G. G. Shelton, instructor in chetnistry. 
Histology — 

Edgar V. Moffat, histology and microscopy. 

Charles McDowell, demonstrator of microscopy. 
Medical Jurisprudence — 

Roger 11. Lyon, medical jurisprudence. 
Ophthalmology and Otology — 

C. Th. Liebold, clinical ophthalmology. 

Henry C. Houghton, clinical otology. 
Dermatology — 

P. E. Arcularius, dermatology, with clinics. 
Pathology — 

Walter Y. Cowl, general pathology ;uul morliid anatomy. 
Electrology — 

John Butler, electro-therapeutics and electro-sur^;ery. 

In this year l)y its action the college set up a high stauilard oi ronuiromcnt 
and placed its diploma and degree on a plane more olovated than that of anv 
other homceopalhic medical college in the land. This gave rise to adverse 
criticism in certain (|uarters, es])eoially when it was found that candiilates for 
the coveted degree of this partioida'' institution were not up to the standaril ; 
l)Ut the trustees and facidtx justified their position, althouj^li with rei;rel that 
they should be called to accotint for elevating the character oi their own school 
and {hroU};h it tlu' wholi- i)rofessiou of medicine and xmi'irN '!'be\ sav : 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 287 

We earnestly deprecate the bitterness of feeiing certain colleges entertain toward us, 
and distinctly state that our action does not evince a distrust of their diplomas, but is 
simply an effort to maintain the honor and dignity of the profession in New York state, 
to guard the trust reposed in us by the public and to protect the standing and good 
name of our college. 

In the next year still greater progress was made, and to meet the demands 
occasioned by the increased attendance additions were made to the adjunct 
departments of several of the chairs. A chair of laryngology and rhinology- 
was established, with Clarence E. Beebe as principal and IMalcolm Leal as 
adjunct professors. 

For the session of 1885-86 several changes were made. Lilienthal retired 
from his chair of nervous and mental diseases to enjoy the rest his many years 
of active service had earned for him. His professorship was assigned to Sel- 
den H. Talcott. ^1. D., medical superintendent of the Middletown State 
Homoeopathic Hospital. IMofTat was appointed professor of materia medica 
in place of Smith, who had been appointed to the chair of theory and practice. 
Burdick retired from the chair of obstetrics, and his place was taken bv L. L. 
Danforth, M. D., former assistant to the same chair. Bradford vacated the 
-chair of theory and practice, and was succeeded in that professorship by Smith, 
as has been stated. Blodgett, lecturer on diseases of the kidneys, was suc- 
ceeded by George M. Dillow, M. D., under whom the former lectureship was 
advanced to the dignity of a full professorship. One new chair was created, 
tiiat of hygiene, with A. R. Wright its first incumbent. 

For the twenty-seventh session no important changes were made in the 
teaching corps and the course of instruction of the previous year was main- 
tained. In his report to the trustees in April, 1886, the dean, Allen, repre- 
sented the college as being in a prosperous condition, and that its policy still 
was to adhere to a high standard of professional preparation : and he also said 
that of the one hundred and forty-five students in attendance a larger propor- 
tion than ever before were college graduates. But the chief topic of Allen's 
report to the trustees at this time was the lack of hospital facilities, which 
tended to retard the efficiency and prosperity of the college, and he then ex- 
])ressed the hope of early provision by the trustees for the proper clinical in- 
struction of its students. 

The dean, also, in the name of the facultv. dwelt u|X)n the importance of 
a well equipped college building, and presented for the consideration of the 
trustees a form of subscription, and an appeal to the alumni, by which means 
he hoped the friends of the college and of homceopathy would put into the 
hands of the trustees the sum of S250.000 for that purpose. The trustees ap- 
proved of the dean's action, and authorized the issue of a circular as a means 
of creating a fimd for the purchase of land and the erection of college and 
hosijjtal buildings. 'I'his- revival of Allen's suggestion of tlie preceding vear 
aroused consideral)le interest in college circles in the project to erect a separate 
college building in connection with a large clinical hospital ; but nothing was 
really accomplished at this time, nor until a few years afterward, but it was 
the real beginning which led up to the desired end. 

Early in 1887 the dean reported to tlu' trustees the inelTectual attempts 
to obtain clinicd instruction for students in the llahiuinann Hospital, and 
then and there jiroposi-d the erection of .•» college and hospital for the solo use 
and piu-pose of (he institution; .-ind in c;irrving out the ])laiis t'orniulatoi! I)V 
hinisflf and his coIKagms of the f.uMill\. he pnseiUed f«ir the ctMtsiileration of 
the board Ihc draft of a bill for ;m amended ehaitir to ineel the fullest rO(|uire- 



288 HISTORY OF HOAICEOPATHY 

ments of the college in its advanced condition and standing. The trustees 
approved all which was done, accepted the bill as presented, and appointed 
Dr. Allen, dean of the college, and Mr. George \V. Clarke, secretary of the 
board, to present the claims of the college to the legislature and urge upon 
that body the passage of the bill during the session then in progress. This was 
done, and on June 3, 1887. the act was passed and approved which brought 
into existence the corporation of the New York Homoeopathic ^Medical Col- 
lege and Hospital, which to-day stands among the foremost homoeopathic edu- 
cational institutions in the world. The effective sections of the act are as 
follows : 

XEW YORK HOMa:OPATHIC MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL. 

Sectiox I. The corporate name of "The Homixopathic ]\Iedical College of the State 
of New York, in New York City." a corporation first established pursuant to chapter 3^9 
of the laws of i860, and changed by chapter 191 of the laws of 1869 to the title of " The 
N^w York Homoeopathic ^Medical Colkge," is hereby changed to the title of "The New 
York Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital." The said corporation is hereby con- 
tinued in existence, and all official acts performed and degrees conferred under the said 
titles are hereby confirmed and made valid'. The said corporation shall be located, as 
heretofore, in the city of New York, and nothing contained in this act shall abridge or 
impair any right, obligation, or liability to which the said corporation is entitled or is 
a party or affect any action or legal proceeding now pending. The purposes of said 
corporation shall be to provide, conduct and maintain in said city of New York a college 
for instruction in the various departments of medical science, under the homoeopathic 
system of medicine, as heretofore, and henceforth, in connection therewith : to provide, 
conduct, and maintain in said city of New York, by means of voluntary contributions 
and otherwise, a hospital for the poor and others, who shall be desirous of receiving 
homoeopathic treatment in medicine and surgery, with all the suitable buildings, depart- 
ments and appliances for said college and hospital ; in which hospital medical and clinical 
instruction may be given to the students and others, matriculants and attendants in said 
college and hospital. 

' Sec. 2. John Bissell. William Cullen Bryant. William DeGroot, Edmund Dwight, 
Theodore W. Dwight, Charles E. Frame, George Griswold, A. Oakey Hall, Edward H. 
Ludlow, Daniel D. T. ^larshall, Ralph Mead. Orson D. Munn. D. Louis Pettie, James A. 
Robinson, James M. Smith. Horatio N. Twombly, John D. VanBuren, Benjamin H. Wal- 
cott, Salem H. Wales, Horace Webster, Alexander Wilder, and their successors are 
hereby declared and constituted the corporation of said college and hospital with the 
full powers, rank and functions of trustees of the same, and may also fill all vacancies 
in their own number. 

The subsequent sections of the amendatory act provided for the appointment 
by the trustees of a college faculty, board of censors, the adoption of by-laws, 
conferment of degrees in medicine and honorary degrees, and the diploma and 
the manner of its execution. The college corporation also was authorized to 
hold and possess real and personal estate of the value of one million dollars ; 
to provide collections for medical and clinical instruction ; and to sell or mort- 
gage the corporate property. 

Further than has been mentioned the provisions of the act above referred 
to have little importance to this chapter. The subject of reincorporation was 
the chief topic of discussion in all the meetings of the trustees and the faculty, 
and both bodies at once began shaping their ends toward that which they knew 
must soon come. 

The twenty-eighth session opened with all departments of the college in 
flourishing condition, but to increase its clinical facilities was the great aim of 
the faculty. To accomplish this much reliance was placed on the results of the 
appeal to the alumni and other friends of homoeopathy for material aid. and 
before the session of 1887-88 was opened nearly $100,000 had been pledged. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



289 



The committee appointed to select a site for the new college and hospital build- 
ings purchased lands on the Eastern boulevard, between 63d and 64th streets 
at a cost of $112,500, and soon afterward the trustees of a large estate sio-nified' 
their desire to erect on a part of the tract a memorial hospital pavilion" to be 
named in allusion to the deceased testator; but this commendable proposal never 
attained full fruition, and the hospital when erected was the result of the liber- 
ality of another benefactor of homoeopathy in Xew York citv ; one whose name 
from 1886 to the time of his death was closely associated with the best historv 
and interests of the institution, and who left a monument which indeed has 
lived after him. Other than in taking the initial steps toward the erection of 




Jolin W. Dow ling. M. D. 

the contemplated buildings the twenty-eighth session passed without muisual 
incident, and when it was ended and the next year was begun the college was 
stronger than ever before, and the eventual possession of a nu-Klern college and 
hos])ital was more than i fancy in the minds of an earnest board of trustees and 
an enthusiastic faculty. 

In the ainiounci inent of the twenty-ninth session — i88S-S() — the trustees 
and faculty stated that work was begun on the college building and also on 
one of the hos])ital pavilions, and tbev expressed the liope that the former 
would be ready for occup;fncy at the opening of the session in October, 1S81): 
that the new college building would coiUain every improvement that modern 
architectural skill and the forelhou^^ht (.f the faenltv could su,i;.i^est for the com- 



290 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

fort of students and the advancement of medical and scientific study ; and that 
it Avas the purpose of the faculty to erect a surgical am])hitheatre to seat three 
hundred students. At the same time it was publicly announced that the 
hospital pavilion in connection with the college was being erected through 
the munificence of Roswell P. Flower, who furnished the means and made 
possible the splendid edifice which since completion has ranked among the- 
city's noblest charities, and also has gained wide celebrity as one of the best 
clinical hospitals in the state. 

The corner stones of the college building and the Flower Hospital were 
laid with appropriate ceremonies. October 20, 1888, and on January 9. 1890,. 
both edifices were formally dedicated. The former was completed during 
the summer and was occupied by the classes in October, but the dedicatory 
exercises were postponed to await the completion of the hospital. The col- 
lege building cost $110,000. For the' building and furnishing fund John 
D. Rockefeller and David Dows each contributed $25,000, the faculty and 
alumni $50,000, and the Woman's Guild $21,000. In the minute book kept 
by Air. George W. Clarke, secretary of the board of trustees since 1872 
and still serving in that capacity, is found this record : 

New college and hospital formally opened January 7, 1890, being just two and one- 
half years from the day of obtaining the new charter which allows the college to embrace 
under its jurisdiction a free hospital for treatment of the poor and for clinical instruction 
of its students. Hon. R. P. Flower built the hospital, which bears his name, at his own 
expense. 

There was joy in the house of Hahneiuann in New York when in the- 
fall of 1889 the classes were assembled in the great .new college building 
on the Eastern boulevard, and in no department of the entire institution was 
there more just cause for rejoicing than in the determined body of asso- 
ciated faculty led by Allen and Helmuth and Dowling and others who had 
labored with them zealously but perhaps less conspicuously to bring about 
the end so recently attained; for now the college was established in a home 
of its own and was possessed of a complete hospital all to itself, and it 
was no longer a part of the dean's report in his annual pilgrimage to the 
trustees that the college was lacking in hospital facilities. A board of trus- 
tees comprised men of means, influence and — best of all — public-spirited- 
ness, had made all the provision Allen and the faculty had asked for, and 
placed at the disposal of that body one of the most modern college buildings 
in the east. From the time the plans were adopted and the work of con- 
struction was begun there seemed a desire on the part of the faculty to retain' 
their chairs until the structure was finished ; they had contributed liberally 
of their means to the end now attained and were entitled to share in the 
enjovments of pedagogical life in the comfortable class rooms and amphi-' 
theatres of the new building. Thus it was that in 1889 and 1890 the per- 
sonnel of the teaching force was not materially changed. However, in the 
latter year Moffat dropped out. and in the next year Shelton took up the 
duties of the chair of materia medica. with pharmaceutics added. 

For the session of 1891-92 several changes were inade in the teaching 
corps, and one new chair, that of hygiene and sanitary science, was estab- 
lished with Leal, former professor of chemistry, toxicology and hygiene as 
its first incumbent. At this time A. R. Morgan was assigned to the chair 
of theory and practice, and J. M. .^chlcv to that of clinical medicine. In the 
chair of chemistr\- and to\icnl()rr\- 7^. JT. Fricdbiu'g. Ph.G., succeeded to the- 



292 HISTORY OF HO.MCEOPATHV 

duties formerly performed by Leal, and Eugene H. Porter, 'SI. D., former 
assistant to the chair of chemistry, was made professor of medical chem- 
istry. In the chair of ophthalmology Frank H. Boynton succeeded Xorton. 
The time had now passed when it was necessary to proclaim the superior 
advantages of the college through the medium of the annual announcement ; 
the institution had outgrown that old-time custom, and its dignity and char- 
acter would not admit of advertisement as a means of attracting students ; 




Anson R. Flower, 
President Board of Trustees. 

and besides, it was not necessary, for the classes were well filled and there 
was little room for a largely increased attendance. However, in 1892 the 
announcement did declare the intention to establish a post-graduate school 
in connection with the college and hos])ital as soon as the ])reliminaries could 
be arranged and thi' ]:)rofessors released from some of the tlomands upon 
their time. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 293 

For the session of 1893-94 the professorship of cHnical medicine was 
separated from the department of theory and practice and made a distinct 
chair under the name of cHnical medicine, with Schley as its first incumbent. 
Among- the other changes at this time may be mentioned the appointment 
of WilHam H. King, 'SI. D., to the department of materia medica and ther- 
apeutics in the capacity of lecturer on electro-therapeutics. J. Oscoe Chase, 
clinical assistant to the chair of paediatrics, was succeeded by J. T. Simon- 
son, M. D. In the department of surgery Cornell was succeeded as lecturer 
en fractures and dislocations by W. H. Bishop, M. D. McDonald's chair 
of gynecology became vacant, and Macy and Ver Xooy. lecturer and clinical 
assistant, respectively, performed its duties. In the department of chemistrv 
Paul Allen, \L D., was appointed lecturer on pharmaceutics and adjunct to 
the chair of toxicology. Hathaway in the lectureship of histology and mi- 
croscopy gave way to Frederic SI. Wall, SI. D., and Willard Ide Pierce, 
M. D., was added to W. Storm White's department of pathology in the 
capacity of director of the histological laboratory. , In the chair of derma- 
tology Arcularius was succeeded by Henry SI. Dearborn. SI. D. 

Immediately after the commencement in 1893 it was resolved by the 
leading members of the faculty that the best interests of the college demanded 
an entire reorganization of the teaching force both in the college and hos- 
pital departments, and in accordance with this determination the trustees 
were requested to receive the resignations of the official and teaching faculty ; 
and it was asked that the board call upon Drs. Hallock, Wetmore. Baldwin. 
Kinne and ^IcMurray, the then existing l>oard of censors, to nominate a 
new faculty and present the names to the trustees for approval : and that 
the censors first nominate nine professors to constitute the governing faculty 
of the college and hospital. 

In accordance with the plan of action agreed upon thirty-six members 
of the faculty presented their resignations to the trustees, which were ac- 
cepted, and the chairs of those who did not resign were declared vacant. 
This accomplished, the trustees, agreeable to the nominations by the board 
of censors, confirmed all that had l)een done and elected a new general faculty, 
constituted as follows : 

Materia Medica and Tlierapetttics — 

T. F. .Allen. M. A., LL. D., professor of materia medica and tlicrapentic?. and director 

of the laboratory of experimental pharmacolog:>'. 
G. G. Shelton. materia medica. 
F.ngene H. Porter, physiological materia medica. 
William Harvey Kinp, lecturer on electro-therapeutics. 

Theory and Practice of Medicine — 

St. Clair .Smith, theory and practice of medicine. 

J. W. Dowling, adjunct, theory and jiractici- of uu-diciiu\ and lecturer on the prin- 
ciples of physical diagnosis. 
Martin Deschere, paechatry. 
Selden TI. Talcott, mental diseases. 
J. T. O'Connor, nervous diseases. 
George M. Diilow, diseases of the kidney. 
J. T. Simonson. clinical assistant to chair of paediatry. 

Clinical Medicine — 

J. M. Schley, clinical nudicine. 
Surgery — 

William Tod lUlnuiih, l.I. 1), professor of surgery. 

l-'nincis !•' l)cMinhiy. surgical gynecology. 



2U HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

Sidney F. Wilcox, principles of surgery, and lecturer on orthopaedic and rectal 

surgery. 
W. H. Bishop, minor surgery, and clinical asst. to chair of surgery. 
William T. Helmuth, Jr., minor surgery and clin. asst. to chair of surgery. 

E. G. Tuttle, M. A., lect. genito-urinary diseases, and demonstrator of operative 
surgery (upon the cadaver). 

J. L. Beyea, clin. asst. to chair of genito-urinary diseases. 
Obstetrics — 

L. L. Danforth. professor of obstetrics. 
J. L. Beyea, dem. of midwifery. 

F. W. Hamlin, asst. to chair of obstetrics. 
J. T. Simonson, asst. dem. of obstetrics. 

Gynecology — 

Charles S. Macy, professor of medical gynecology. 

Charles Ver Nooy, clin. asst. to chair of gynecology. 

P'rancis M. Frazer, clin. asst. to chair of gj'uecology. 
Anatomy — 

W. W. Blackman. professor of anatomy. 

H. B. Minton, lecturer on anatomy. 

Wm. Francis Honan, demonstrator of anatomy. 
PJiysiology — 

Charles ^iIcDowell, professor of anatomy. 
Chemistry — 

L. H. Friedburg, Ph. G., professor of chemistry and toxicology. 

Paul Allen, lect. on pharmaceutics, and adj. to chair of toxicology. 
Hygiene and Sanitary Science — 

Malcolm Leal, professor of hygiene and sanitary science. 
Histology — 

Frederic M. Wall, lecturer on histology. 

Willard Ide Pierce, dir. histol. laboratorJ^ 
Pathology — 

George F. Laidlaw, lect. on general path, and dir. micro, laboratory. 
Medical Jurisprudence — 

R. H. Lyon, Esq., professor of medical jurisprudence. 
Dermatology — 

Henry M. Dearborn, professor of dermatology. 
Ophthalmology — 

Frank PL Boynton, professor of ophthalmology. 

George W. McDowell, clin. asst. to chair of ophthalmology. 
Otology — 

Henry C. Houghton, professor of otology. 
Laryngology and Rhinology — 

Clarence E. Beebe, professor of laryngology and rhinology. 
Bacteriology — 

Emanuel Baruch, professor of bacteriology. 

In the history of the college the year 1894 was eventful in that it wit- 
nessed important changes in the institution. Besides the reorganization of 
the teaching force, the trustees and faculty united in the erection of a n^w 
medical hospital on the college grounds adjoining the Flower Hospital. The 
building was begun in 1893 under the supervision of the faculty, whose con- 
tributions to the fund laid the foundation during that year. The corner- 
stone was laid October 2, 1895, by Judge Cowing, in the presence of a large 
assemblage, and when the massive piece was in place the orator said : " I 
lay the cornerstone of this building, which is to be devoted to the relief 
of humanity according to the principles as practiced by us." 

Professor Helmuth, the dean, saifl : "Some years ago there was an 
assemblage like that of to-day's here on this lot, which then was onlv a 
vacant lot. Then two cornerstones were laid — one for our hospital and the 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 295 

other for our college. That hospital was the Flower Hospital, and when 
Gov. Flower's political record shall have been forgotten there will be written 
aDove, a record written by angels, and on that record will be the word 
' charity.' " 

Tlie new hospital building was completed in the spring of 1896. i^nd has 
proved a valuable acquisition to the college in carrying out its beneficent 
work for the relief of suffering humanity as well as affording additional 
facilities for bedside instruction to students throughout their college courses. 

The event, however, which overshadowed all others in advancing the 
standing and character of the college in the medical world was the adoption 
in 1894 bv the trustees on the initiative of the faculty of the compulsory 
four vears' course of study as a prerequisite to the diploma and degree. The 
recent acquisition of properties and other interests were in themselves im- 
portant events in the history of the institution, and while these considerations 
were engaging the attention of the trustees and faculty, the elevation of 
the educational standard originated with the leading members of fhe latter 
bodv and reached fruition through its endeavors ; and whatever was done 
bv the faculty in advancing the educational department invariably received 
the approval of the trustees and enlisted their earnest support. This same 
spirit of amity has been shown in the history of the college since its founda- 
tion in i860, and never in all that period have there been strained relations 
on the part of the bodies, nor have the trustees ever opposed the measures 
proposed by the faculty for the advancement of the institution and its inter- 
ests. 

The adoption of the four years' course was under consideration when 
the trustees at the suggestion of the faculty vacated the chairs only two years 
before, and the acquisition in the meantime of the new medical hospital made 
the plan more practica1)le and contributed to its ultimate adoption. The new 
requirement went into effect with the opening of the thirty-fifth session and 
has since been continued ; and it at once gave the college a standing equal 
to that of any medical institution in the land. 

The new character assumed at the time of reorganizing the faculty in 
1894 has ever been maintained, although at least once in later years it has 
been necessary to remodel the force in the interest of the very highest quality 
of educational work and in keeping even step with the advancement of med- 
ical science. At the time indicated. Allen, dean, retired from that office and 
was succeeded bv ndmuth. the latter the head of the department of surgery 
and one of the strongest forces in college lite (hiring his time. 

The faculty as constituted in 1804 was not materially changed in llie 
next year except in some of the minor professorships. The gtnernment 
faculty remained as before, and King's lectureship of electro-theraneutics 
was advaiuid fi> a full professorship. In i8»^6. on the recommendatitui of 
the faculty, the trustees appointed Henry \). Mint»Mi professor oi anatomv 
in place of Pilackman. resigned, and Oiarlcs McDowell, professor of phvsi- 
olng\ and hygiene. In tlie next \ear the name of Paul Allen apju-ars as lec- 
turer oil ])harm;u-eutics and adinnet to tlie chair (if materia niedii'a. The 
dei)artment of clinical medicine, of which I^ehlev liad been the head, was 
discontinned. Cieori'i' \\'. Kobeits, M. D.. lu-eanie demonstrator o\ operative 
siirger\' Cupon the cadaxer) and Tr\ing P. .^^hernian was made clinical as>ii«;t- 
ant to the chair of Licnilo-urinary siirgerx. The name. too. of]-"!, M. Kel- 
logg, wlio \c;irs licfoii- h.iil hec'i connected with ibc cnjleof^ and siill is ;\u 



296 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 



honored character in its history, was elected emeritus professor of diseases 
of women, having" for several years served in that capacity, although his 
name did not appear on the faculty roll. H. S. Xeilson and O. N. Meyer 
were made demonstrators of anatomy in place of Seward, advanced, and 
Honan, retired. In chemistry J. S. Adriance was made professor and head 
of the department, m histology Edwin S. ^lunson succeeded Wall, and Walter 
G. Crump hecame instructor in the laboratory. Peirce was transferred to 
the department of pathology. In laryngology and rhinology Leal assumed 
all the duties of the chair which before were performed by Beebe and Pear- 
sail, the latter of whom was transferred to the department of physiology and 
hygiene. 




Egbert (..ut-MUsey. M. D., LL.D. 

For the thirty-ninth session several changes were made. Physiology 
and hygiene were separated. Pearsall being assigned to the former, and Mc- 
Dowell to the latter. Noble was made assistant to the chair of chemistry. 
The departments of pathology and bacteriology were united, with Baruch 
in charge, and with Yan den Burg as lecturer and H. C. Allen as demon- 
strator of pathology. C. E. Teets succeeded Leal in rhinology and laryn- 
gology. 

There were few changes in the teaching force for the fortieth session. 
Pierce went into the department of materia medica as lecturer, and Simon- 
son and Mitchell into that of theory and practice. Crump l^ecame assistant 
to the chair of gynecology, and Meyer. Mills and Decker were added to the 



HISTORY OF HO^ICEOPATHY 297 

department of anatomy. Frederick K. Hollister was appointed demonstrator 
of pathology and bacteriology. 

The announcement for the forty-first session shows few changes in the 
principal departments, except that of pathology and bacteriology, which was 
remodeled. Seward and Hollister were made lecturers on materia medica. 
Frederick J. Xott was appointed professor of theory and practice, and E. D. 
Rudderow and George B. Dowling clinical assistants in that department. In 
pathology and bacteriology Stewart and Xeilson were made lecturers on 
pathology, R. T. Lloyd demonstrator of the same, and E. D. Klots lecturer 
on bacteriology. George W. Schurman was made professor of medical juris- 
prudence with Lyon. 

For the session which began with the twentieth century the principal 
chairs of the previous year were maintained almost intact, but in arranging 
the faculty roster the order of seniority of service was observed. This was 
a deserved tribute to the service of those whose part in the life of the college 
entitled them to special recognition, and was peculiarly appropriate in view 
of the still more elevated character the institution was about to assume. The 
acquisitions to the faculty for the session included William H. Dieffenbach, 
demonstrator, and Frederick A. Lund and ^^'allace B. House, assistant dem- 
onstrators. 

It cannot be assumed, however, that the tranquillity which pervaded all 
the departments of college life at the time of which we write was the calm 
which precedes the storm ; the guiding spirits of the college had not in view 
an eruption within the institution ; a new and advanced step was about to 
be taken and events for the past several years had been shaping to that end : 
and when the time was ripe the trustees and faculty entered upon their 
work with determination and fearlessly wrought out their reform. The 
college at the time was in a prosperous condition, and ranked with the fore- 
most institutions of medical learning in the land ; the reports of the dean 
to the trustees were of a character calculated to insure the confidence of the 
governors of the physicial affairs of the college, and an endowment fund 
aggregating a quarter of a million dollars was a guarantee that friends of 
homoeopathy were not wanting in the qualities of gratitude and appreciation. 

Still, at the time referred to it became desirable that the college take 
another step forward in the direction of still more thorough medical educa- 
tion, and in the doing it was necessary to eliminate some existing elements 
and replace them with new material ; but this was not a revolution in the 
sjMritual affairs of the college which the trustees sought, although in certain 
quarters the proceeding was so characterized, and when it was passed and 
the institution stood forth in the medical world in its higher character the 
sentiment came to be accepted that the action in intent and purpose was both 
commendable and wise, and that the iloctrine of honiicopathy was a mightier 
power in America than ever before. 

With the close of the forty-second session the work of ret'trganization 
was begun, and at the ojiening of the school in the fall of UK)- a new order 
of things was established, with King as the executive officer of the faculty 
in i)lace of ilclniuth, who died in May •'•f the preceding vear. Inipnne- 
ments were inauguratiil in every department, more ))articularlv in that of 
materia medica, but the most notable event in connectii>n witli the periovl 
was (he introduction of the practitioners' course, a step which had been con- 
sidered several \(\'irs before ;mi(I now for the first time w.is put in operation. 



298 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

But, with the changes of the year, the period was not without reverses of 
fortune, for in ]\Iay the destroyer entered the faculty household and took 
away its brightest light, Helmuth, one of the foremost teachers and oper- 
ators of any school in this country. In the next year Allen was removed in 
the same manner. He had recently retired from active faculty work, but 
was still regarded as a part of college life. His place in the faculty was 
taken by his own son, just as the younger Hehnuth had been advanced to 
the chair made vacant by the death of liis own father. 

The New York Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital has com- 
pleted the forty-fifth year of its history, and during that period of less than 
half a century has sent out into the professional world more than sixteen 
hundred graduates, earnest, capable practitioners of medicine and surgery. 
They are in every state in the union and many of them also are in foreign 
lands ; and the time has yet to come when the alumnus of the college will 
turn his back upon alma mater. 

THE FACULTY I904-I905. 

Materia Medico and llierapeutics— 

George G. Shelton, emeritus professor of materia medica. 

Paul Allen, professor of materia medica. 

Eugene B. Nash, professor of materia medica. 

Frederick K. Hollister, professor of materia medica. 

Willard Ide Pierce, professor of materia medica. 

A. Eugene Austin, lecturer on materia medica. 

Rudolph F. Rabe, instructor in materia medica. 
HoinaopatJiic Philosopliy — 

Edmund Carlton, prof, ol homceopathic philosophy with its clinical application, 

Milton Powell, lecturer. 
Physical and Pliysiological Therapeutics — 

William Harvey King, professor of electro-therapeutics. 

William H. Dieffenbach. lecturer on hydro-therapeutics and demonstrator of pathology. 

Edwin D. Simpson, lecturer on suggestive therapeutics and physiological materia 
medica. 

Guy B. Stearns, lecturer on mechanical iherapeutics. 
Theory and Practice of Medicine — 

St. Clair Smith, emeritus professo'- of theory and practice of medicine. 

Joseph T. O'Connor, Ph. D.. emeritus professor of nervous disea.ses. 

John W. Dowling, professor of theory and practice of medicine. 

E. Guernsey Rankin, professor of theory and practice of medicine. 

William Morris Butler, professor of mental diseases. 

George Frederick Laidlaw. professor of theory and ]iractice of medicine. 

Jeremiah T. Simonson, professor of pediatri.es. 

William H. Van den Burg, professor of theory and practice of medicine. 

Edward D. Rudderow, adjunct professor of theory ?nd practice of medicine. 

John E. Wilson, adjunct professor of nervous diseases. 

J. Wilford Allen, lecturer on theory and practice of medicine. 

Caleb Barker, instructor in pediatrics. 

LcRoy J. Blakcman. clinical assistant to the chair of pediatrics. 

Walter Sands Mills, lecturer on practice of medicine. 

H. Worthinglon Page, lecturer on theon,^ and practice of medicine. 

Frederick M. Dearborn, lecturer on dermatology. 

James D. IMiller, clinical assistant to the chair of practice and to the chair of materia 
medica. 
Surgery — 

William Tod Helmuth, professor of surgery. 

Clinton L. Bagg. professor of surgery. 

William H. Bishop, professor of surgery. 

Bukk G. Carleton, professor of genito-urinary surgery. 

Thomas D. Buchanan, lecturer on anaesthesia. 



HISTORY OF HO^ICEOPATHY ' 299 

Anson H. Bingham, lecturer on orthopedic surgery. 
Charles Gennerich, lecturer on surgerj'. 

Ralph A. Stewart, lecturer on principles of surgery and demonstrator of operative 
surgery on the cadaver. 

B. Biirt Sheldon, lecturer en minor surgery and clinical assistant to the chair of 

surgery. 

Frank W. Cornwell, demonstrator of genito-urinary surgery. 

Arthur H. Richardson, clinical assistant in orthopedics. 
Gynecology — 

Francis E. Dought)', emeritus professor of clinical gynecology-. 

Edwin M. Kellogg, emeritus professor of gynecology. 

Edward G. Tuttle, professor of gjnecology. 

George W. Roberts, Ph. B., professor of gA'necologj-. 
Obstetrics — 

Looniis L. Danforth, professor of obstetrics. 

Frederick W. Hamlin, professor of obstetrics. 

Walter Gray Crump, lecturer on obstetrics. 

Joseph H. IMiiller, clinical assistant to the chair of obstetrics. 
Ophthalmology — 

Arthur B. Norton. O. et A Chin, professor of ophthalmolog}-. 

John B. Palmer, O. et A. Chir., clinical assistant to the chair of ophthalmology-. 
Otology- 
George: W. McDowell. O. et A. Chir., professor of otology. 

William M. Van Zandt. clinical assistant to the chair of otolog>-. 
Laryngology and Rhinology — 

Charles E. Teets, professor of laryngology- and rhinnjo.uy. 

Robert M. Jones, clinical assistant to the chair of laryngology. 
Pathology and Bacteriology — 

Edwin S. Munson, O. et A. Chir.. professor of histologj-. 

Cnleh Barker, instructor of bacteriology. 

Ralph A. Stewart, instructor of pathological anatomy. 

Bert B. Clark, demonstrator of histology. 

Samuel Barlow Moore, assistant demonstrator of pathology. 

Roy Upham, assistant demonstrator of histology 
Anatomy — 

Henry B. Minton, professor of anatomy. 

Ralph I. Lloyd, lec,turer on anatomy. 

Frederick A. Lund, lecturer and demonstrator of anatomy. 

Joseph H. Forbes, assistant demonstrator of anatomy. 

Philip Cook Thomas, assistant demonstrator of anatomy. 

C. Fiskc Wood, assistant demonstrator of anatomy. 
Physiology, Hygiene and Dietetics — 

Charles McDowell, professor of physiology, hygiene and dietetics. 

Edwin Brown Jenks, demonstrator of physiology. 
Chemistry — 

John S. Adriance, Ph. D.. i)rofessor of chemistry. 

Maxinn'lian S. Kaliski. Phai. D., demonstrator of chcnnstry. 
Medical Jurisprudence — 

Edwin .\. Jones, LL. P.., professor of medical jurisprudence. 

The Hahnemann Society of the New York Honucopathic Methcal Col- 
lege, the oldest auxiliary organization connected with the institution, dates 
its history from Novemher ii. 1863. and was formed hy students of the 
college for purposes of nnUual instruction, and through its profes.^^ors ap- 
])ointed from its memhers, estahlished a " C|uiz " class upon the lectures de- 
livered by the faculty. At the close of each session, on the evening preceding 
the college commencement, the society hcKl its annual exercises, called its 
commencement, on which occasion diplomas signed h\ «>fVicers oi tlu- stviety 
were presented to memhers belonging to the grad\iating class of the year. 

"The ( "liirMiii.-in," the ullii-ial oi-.^.-ni oi' iju- colK-i-r. its failbfiil advo- 



300 HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 

cate and champion, was founded in 1884 by the senior class, '" after due con- 
sideration " and with sufficient financial guarantee to maintain it during the 
first year of its existence ; and thus established permanent success was as- 
sured. It was, and is, in all respects a representative journal and fulfils an 
office in the college that commends it to the consideration of the trustees and 
faculty as well as the alumni and entire student body. The first board of 
editors comprised Eugene H. Porter, managing editor; F. S. Fulton, materia 
medica ; J. A. Freer, theory and practice ; L. A. Opdyke, obstetrics ; E. 
DeBaum, surgery*; D. R. Atwell, paedology ; W. E. ^IcCune, hospitals and 
societies ; M. J. Hall, college news ; F. R. S. White, business manager. 

- The Alumni Association of the Xew York Homoeopathic Medical Col- 
lege was organized March 15, 1863, for the purpose of promoting the in- 
terests and extending the influence of the college. The association began 
Us existence Avith a membership of two hundred and ninety-five alumni ; 
the present membership numbers about seven hundred, which number repre- 
sents more than half of the living alumni of the institution. From the time 
of its organization the association has exercised a healthful influence in pro- 
moting the welfare of the college and in elevating its character, and to-day 
it is regarded as the great conservator of college interests. In 1884 the trus- 
tees recognized the association as a force in institutional life by appointing 
to membership on the board Dr. W. M. Pratt, first president of the associa- 
tion, and since that time some member has been regularly elected to mem- 
bership of the trustee body. 

The College Library of the Xew York Homoeopathic Medical College 
and Hospital is the outgrowth of an appeal to the alumni and other friends 
of the institution and dates its origin to the year 1883, when the announce- 
ment of the twenty-sixth session contained a general appeal for a library, 
and mentioned with gratitude the former action of the alumni and the later 
commendable action of the class of 1885 looking to that end. The faculty 
also was directly concerned in the movement and gave it substantial support. 
From this beginning the present college library has grown, and it now con- 
tains more than 6.500 bound volumes and 15.000 pamphlets. 

The Young ]^Ien's Christian Association of the Xew York Homoeopathic 
Medical College was organized in October, 1894, its object being to stimu- 
late christian living and fellowship among the students and to provide in a 
healthful manner for the social side of the student nature. Members of the 
association are provided with a room in the college building which has been 
set apart by the trustees for their occupancy; and through the interest of 
the faculty an hour for meetings is reserved in the schedule. 

Deans of the Faculty. The office of dean of the college faculty has had 
six -incumbents, the succession with period of incumbency being as follows: 
Jacob P>eakley, 1860-1870; Carroll Dunham. 1870-1872: John W. Dowling 
(acting). 1872-1873: John ^V. Dowling, 1873-1882: Timothy Field Allen, 
1882-1893- William Tod Helmuth, 1893-1902; \\'illiam Harvey King, 
1902 . 

The Board of Trustees. Throughout the period of its history the office 
of trustee of this college has been filled with men of exceptional qualities 
so far as has concerned the business aft'airs of the instittition, and of the 
greatest liberality and pul:)lic spirit in the accumulation and expenditure of 
monevs for the advancement of the college and the comfort of the students 
within its walls. In the earliest attempts to found a homoeopathic me<lical 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



301 



college in the city, those who sought to establish an institution of that char- 
acter met with many discouraging obstacles in their endeavors to enlist the 
support of laymen, but when the county medical society and Beakley laid 
the foundation of the institution of which these pages treat their efforts 
from the outset seem to have been crowned with success, and in all later 
years the same spirit of generous liberality has characterized the action of 
the trustee body. If in this brief chapter the attempt should be made to 
give honor to whom honor is due, almost the entire body of the corporation 
and its trustees w^ould be brought within the scope of these observations, 
and scores of names would be brought forward as patterns of unselfish con- 
tributors both of time and means that the college might live and advance 
with each succeeding year until it has reached the exalted position it now 
holds in the world of medical thought and education. 

The oflficers of the board of trustees and members of the board itself 
(with year of appointment) since the foundation of the college have been 
as follows : 

Presidents— Daniel F. Tiemann, 1860-1862; William Cullen BrVant, 1862-1872; Salem 
H. Wales, 1872-1888; Rufus B. Cowing, 1888-1899; Timothy Field Allen, 1899-1901; 
Anson R. Flower, 1901 — . 

l^'ice-Presidenis— Benjamin F. Pinckney. 1860-1862; Horace H. Day, 1862- 1865; Salem 
H. Wales, 1865-1872; Edmund Dwight. 1872-1887; Rufus B. Cowing, 1887-18S8: Richard 
M. Hoe, 1888-1889; Giles E. Taintor, 1889—. 

Treasurers— Horace H. Day, 1860-1861; Charles L. Frost, 1861-1869; H. N. Twombly, 
1869-1887; Roswell P. Flower. 1 887-1 901 ; Richard M. Hoe, 1901 — . \ 

Secretaries— ]ames F. Hall. 1860-1861 ; A. Oakey Hall, 1861-1866; Tames F Hall 
1866-1868; Edmund Dwight, 1868-1872; George W. Clarke, 1872—. 



Daniel F. Tiemann i860 

Benj. M. Pinckney 1860 

Horace H. Day i860 

James F. Hall i860 

Charles L. Frost i860 

Francis A. Hall i860 

Jas. M. Smith, Jr i860 

James M. Cooper i860 

A. Oakey Hall i860 

Aaron Vanderpool 1861 

David D. Field 1861 

Jonathan Sturges ....1861 

Charles Butler 1861 

John P. Crosby 1861 

William H. Ludlow.... 1861 

William Thomas 1861 

Edmund Dwight 1861 

Andrew Th(jrp 1861 

Edcr V. Houghwout. . .1861 

Marshall I.cfTerts 1861 

John Bissfll i86i" 

John Lord 1861 

Moses H. Grinnell 1861 

Robt. M. Stribeigh 1861 

William C. Hryant 1862 

Chas. 11. Marshall 1862 

William De Groot i86_' . 

Frank K. 11 owe 1862 



TRUSTEES. 

Theo. W. Dwight, 

LL. D 1864 

George Griswold 1864 

Salem H. Wales 1864 

Edward H. Ludlow. . . .1864 
Andrew Comstock .... 1864 

William F. Bears 1864 

Daniel Drew 1865 

Ralph Mead 1866 

Orson D. Munn 1866 

Horace Webster, LL. D.1867 
D. D. T. Marshall.... 1868 
James A. Robinson .... 1868 

H. N. Twombly 1869 

D. Louis Pettie 1869 

Charles E. Frame i860 

Benj. H. Walcott 1869 

John D. Van Buren .... 1869 

Hiram Calkins 1871 

George W. Clarke 1871 

William 11. Raynor. . . . 1871 

J. C. Smith 1871 

George D. Lake 187 1 

.Mexandcr Wilder .... 1871 

.Mexandcr I'Vear 187 1 

R. F. Joslin 1871 

Lewis Hallock 1871 

Charles Lanier 1874 



Sinclair Tousey 1874 

Robert L. Stuart 1874 

Elias C. Benedict 1874 

Stephen S. Hoe 1874 

William H. Wickham. .1875 

William H. Fogg 1882 

Birdseve Blakeman. . . . 1882 

John W. Quincy 1882 

Chauncev M. bepew..iSS3 

William 'M. Pratt 1884 

Timothy F. Allen 1885 

Russell C. Root 1887 

C. B. Foote 1887 

Giles E. Taintor 1887 

Richard M. Hoc 18S7 

I. Frederic Korni">chan. 1SS7 
W. Fitzhugh White- 
house 18S7 

Rufus B. Cowing 1S80 

Roswell P. Flower. . . . iSSt) 

George W. Elv tSSg 

P. de P. Ricketts 18S0 

Everett Hasbrouck ....1889 

N .\. Mosnian iSgo 

Win Tod Helmuth. 

1.1. n i8qi 

Tharles H. iM^-idick. . . .l8o3 
Frederick J. Nott i8o.? 



302 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



Andrew H. Green 1893 

Frederick \V. Devoe. . .1893 

James G. Cannon 1897 

Melbert B. Gary '.1897 

Henry S. Kearney. .. .1897 

W. B. Kunhardt 1897 

John T. Lockman 1897 



James McLean 1897 

George G. Shelton 1898 

Frederick S. Flower. .. 1899 

Anson R. Flower 1899 

George S. Brewster. .. .1901 

O. G. Jennings 1901 

\V. L. Fiske 1902 



William S. Hawk 1902 

William Harvey King. .1902 

A. N. Brady 1903 

Benj. C. Van Dyke. . . . 1903 

E. W. Davenport 1904 

Robert S. Brewster. ... 1904 
St. Clair Smith, M. D..1904 



GRADU.\TES OF THE NEW YORK HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICAL COLLEGE AND 
HOSPITAL, 1861-I9O5: 



Coleman, H. J. 
Coulton, W. C. 
Coulton, F. G. 
Darling. H. H. 
Fletcher, A. C. 
French, E. M. 
Haight, Charles 
Huntoon, J. W. 
Hatchings, H. S. 
Lasius, B. 
Leonard, E. D. 
jNIosman. N. A. 
Mnrrell, Wm. 
Parkhurst, G. H. 



Barden, John M. 
Boyce, C. M. 
Bryant, M. 
Bulkley. Wm. 
Dockstader, J. A. 
Hollv, E. 
Hallock. W. B. 
Hopkins, E. B. 
Delia Bella, C. F. 
Lee, L. M. 
Mordan, R. L P. 
Harkness. Wm. 



Armbrister, W. R. 

Baker. W. S. 

Beach. G. H. 

Birdsall. Edgar 

Brown. G. C. 

Clark. G. R. 

Eggert. W. 

Granpera. \. (Special Degree) 

Ermentraut, J. P. 

Harkness. James 

Heath. E. R. 



Allen, Cyrus 
Anderson, J. W. 
Baker. D. P. 
Brooke, J. B. 
Campbell, C. E. 



1861. 



Payne, Wm. 
Pratt, W. M. 
Rosenburg, C. J. 
Schley, E. B. 
Skiff, C. W. 
Smith, S. A. 
Starr, E. W. 
Thompson, A. H. 
Travers. N. H. 
Verdi, C. S. 
Whittlesev, H. J. 
^lunn.' W. W. 
Worcester, S. H. 



1862. 



Packard, L. B. 
Savage, L. W. 
Smith, C. C. 
Throop, A. P. 
Steinhoff, A. F. 
Thompson, V. 
Miller, H. V. 
Taylor, S. W. 
Vantrenke. C. L. D. 
Wallace, A. E. 
Woodward. A. M. 



1863. 



Hunt. C. U. 

Kimball. W. 

King, Robert 

Lauer, C. F. 

jMandeville, F. 

Meller, C. H. 

Rice. W. B. 

de Verenti Qurd. (Special Degree) 

Wallace, J. L 

Warner, E. S. 

Whittier. D. B. 



1864. 



Carmony, C. J. 
Coburn, E. S. 
Davis, B. L. 
Fisk, W. M. L. 
Greeley, G. H. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



503 



Jones, Silas 
Jocelyn. C. B. 
Kulin, C. W. 
Masman. E. B. 
Manwaring, J. M. 
Marstin, Carlos 
Mullen, Frank 
Mower, J. W. 



Banker, W. W. 
Benson, P. Oscar C. 
Bowman, B. F. 
Brown. L. W., Jr. 
Burchard. S. Gregg 
Calvert. W J. 
Case, W. R. 
Chiever, D. A. 
Cowen, Wm. B. 
Demarest, John H. 
Dickinson. W. H. 
Emmitt, J. Owen 
Fairbank, John N. 
Goodwin, Thos. S. 
Hand, Bernard 
Hand. G. Frederic 
Hasbrouck. Everitt 
Hamilton, Clark F. 
Hocking, W. F. 



Ahlborn, Henry 

Alword. Samuel 

Avery, Henry K. (A. M.) 

Beach, A. R. 

Bell, James S. 

Burnett, B. J.. Jr. 

Cameron, C. C. 

Clark, Andrew J. 

Danter. J. F. 

Doge, A. E. 

Finch. Joseph 

Forbes. Chas. F. 

Fry. William 

Graham, W. G. 

Graves, S. Patten 

Gregg. Henderson 

Higgins, Edward 

Hill. Ambrose A. 

Hodgcson. Richard 

Ilunting. J. P. (A. M.) 

Keep, S. Hopkins 



Arnold. C. M. 
Bailey. I'r.ink E. 
Hinghani. ( )s(-.nr 
lUshop. 11. M. 
Hi^>^ell. S. E. 
Mrinck, William 



i86= 



Ordwav. L. S. 
Rau, F'. C. 
Robertson. W. H. 
Somm.er, G. J. M. 
Stunian. F. 
Swift. C. E. 
Switz, Henry 
Warner, E. S. 



Holt. Henry 
Holtby. Jabez B. 
Jackson. Henry J. 
Ketcham, Geo. B. 
Mahon. Chas. L. 
Palmer. Geo. 
Peck. John L. 
Potts. David W. 
Remsen. Ira 
Richardson. B. M. 
Tegart. J. H. 
Tisdale. Allen N. 
Tripp. Moses E. 
Wallace, J. T. 
Westland. Geo. P. 
Waters. Moses H. 
Whiting. Lewis 
Willis, Fred. L. H. 
York. Win ford 



1866. 



Keep. J. L. CM. D.) 
Kingsley. T. S. 
Linsley, John C. 
Malcolm. J. G. 
I^foore, D. H. 
^foore, J. C. 
Morse. L. F. (M. D.) 
Parmalee. L M. 
Parkhurst. C. B. 
Paulson. P. W. 
Sanders, W. H. 
Seeley. J. Edwin 
Scheli, Francis 
Schley. P. T. 
Spaulding, Henry E. 
Swan G. E. 
Sweeting. M. F. 
Swcesey, J. W. 
Turck. Joseph H. 
Vishno. Chas. 
Wad'^worth, T. D 



i8()7. 



Itrown. 1 li-nry R. 

Hut Km. Jo.si'pii C. 

Cctlinski. H. 

Hotlgo. Levi 

I'aulkner. R.-borl cM D.) 

hVltfi. S. N. 



304 



HISTORY OF HO^IOEOPATHY 



Gettier, Chas. P. 
Griffin. Samuel M. 
Green, James H. 
Greenleaf, J. T. 
Gunning. Joseph H. 
Gunter. Geo. W. 
Hall. Eugene V. N. 
Hincks, K. S. 
Holcombe. E. G. 
Ismftnd, C. E. 
Jewett. W. E. 
Job, C. C. 
Kirk, W. V. 
Kellogg, E. W. 



Avery, Edward W. 
Beakley, S. J. 
Belden. Chas. D. 
Bevin, Wm. B. 
Birdsall, Stephen T. 
Bishop, Alonzo 
Brown, John W. 
Bruyen, Richard C. 
Cook, Chas. P. 
Conant, R. B. 
Corcoran, Luke 
Coulton, George 
Daggett, Ira V. 
Eldridge, C. S. 
Elliott, Henry 
Finch. E. M. 
Gar side, W. B. 
Gerrie, James 
Gordon, P. A. 
Hamilton. N. G. 



Clark, Lyman A. 
Clark, James J. 
Cossart, A. B. 
Dorman, Chas. A. 
Gedney, Jacob M. R. 
Gross, Oran R. 
Jernegan, H. M. 
Kidder, Jerome 
Mansfield. Chas. J. 
Merryman. T. J. 
Miller. John M. 
Ricards. N. C. 
Robinson, J. Blake 
Saltzwedel. Henry 
Sherman, James S. 
Smith, Oliver S. 



Allen, Wm. A. 
Bennett, James A. 
Bennett, A. M. 
Buck, Wm. H. 
Buckingham, W. E. 



Montavne. De La W. 

Mitchell, Geo. B. J. 

Nelson. Thos. C. 

Osborn, J. H. 

Pettit, Thos. J. 

Raheen, M. A. 

Still, E. R. 

Tibbies, Geo. N. 

Trask. M. P. 

VanOstrand, Eli 

Wallace, James J. ' 

Yeomans, C. J. 

Pope, Alfred C. (Special) 

Wilder, Alex. (M. D.) Special 



1868. 



Hasbrouck, Stephen 
Howie, Egerton R. 
Hutchings, Harvey 
Jenks, R. B. 
Laine. Edward K. 
Martin, C. H. 
Moore, DeVillo J. 
Marks, Albert A. 
Morse, M. V. B. 
Newport, E. C. 
Otis, John C. 
Parkhurst, Lewis D. 
Patridge, PL P. 
Patchen, G. C. 
Piersons, A. M. 
Roerbacker, Miles 
Walker, Aaron 
Wareheim, Edward A. 
Whitaker, Elroy B. 



1869. 



Seeger, F. A. 
Smith, Geo. H. 
Spooner, Edward H. 
Smith, St. Clair 
Smith, Stephens D., Jr. 
Thomas, Frank H. 
Traver, Gilbert A. 
Thurber, Samuel W. 
Tucker, Henry 

Crispin, Gavrejl D. (Special) 
Gallinger, J. H. (Special) 
Gray, Alfred W. (Special) 
Green, N. (Special) 
Huntmg, N. (Special) 
Pomeroy, T. F. (Special) 



1870. 



Bushnell. La T. 
Bunett, H. W. 
Carroll, Stephen H. 
Cochran, Geo. D. 
Cox. Conrad J. W. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



505 



Conger, A. B. 
Duden, W. A. 
Drake, Jason W. 
Deyo, J. Titus 
Drescher, Lewis 
Franklin, B 
Frazer, Archibald 
Gilbert, Chas. E. 
Haywood, E. S. 
Hein, Max F. 
Hitchcock, Geo. G. 
Hotaling, Irvin W. 
Hunter, Alex. S. (M. D.) 
Minor, Edwin 
Pond, I. A. 
Pope, Willis G. 
Pitts, Jane B. 



Bryant, Wni. Cullen 
Barber, Oscar M. 
Church, Chas. A. 
Carleton, Edmund, Jr. 
Dixon, Geo. M. 
Goodrich, S. Wardell 
Gray, Rollin B. 
Hartranft, J. Elmer 
Lodge, Edwin 
Lee, William 



Abercrombie, W. H. 

Babcock, J. L. (M. D.) 

Beach, C. L. 

Blakeley, W. H. 

Bossart, Charles 

Brigham, H. C. 

Butler, C. W. 

Carr, A. B. 

Clapp, W. F. 

Coon, H. C. 

Cooke, W. C. 

Cole, H. P. (M. D.) 

Gushing, J. B. 

Fowler, Wm. P. 

Fahnestock, C. S. 

Gannett, J. C. 

Hart, C. L. (M. D.) 

Hull, G. S. 



Anderson, James E. 
Bedell, R. Heber 
Bennitt, W. H. (M. D.) 
Bradner, F. H. 
Brown, U. H. 
Brown, Chas. R. 
BufTum, James H. 
Chase, Chas. E. 
Cole. L. W. 
Conant, Clarence M. 



Richardson, A. G. 

Smith, Geo. R. 

Spencer, H. J. 

Stafford, Fred. E. 

Styles, Myron F. 

Towne, E. A. 

Tufts, Wm. W. 

Vyse. \\'m. H, 

^\^lite, J. Ralsey 

Wood, Elliott E. 

\\'augh, Wm. W. 

Warren, John R. 

Lodge, Edwin A. (Special) 

Burnett, Calvin C. (Special) 

Dunker, Louis (Special) 

Pardee, Walter (Special) 



1871. 



Monmonier, J. L. 

Park, Ed. C. (M. D.) 

Shuman. A. J. 

Scudder. Chas. Fleet. 

Schmucker, E. L. (M. D.) 

Strong. T. Morris 

L'ebelacker, A. 

Raue, C. G., M. D. (Honorarv Deg.) 

Rodman. W. W.. M. D. (Honorary Deg.) 

McMurray, R., M. D. (Honorary Deg.) 



1872. 



Hurd. G. F. 

Kinne, P. S. 

Lane, R. S. 

Laird, W. F. 

Maine, F. D. 

Macomber, A. L. 

Miller, J. 

McNeill, C. H. 

Norton, G. S. 

Norton, C. R. 

Powell, H. E. (M. D.^ 

Reich. G. W. (M, D.) 

Seymour, G. W. 

Tillinghast. J. B. 

Talcott. Selden H. 

Westlake. W. C. 

Westover. H. W. (M. D.) 

Wright. S. W. 



1873- 



Fleming, Wm. L. 
Griftin, J. F. 
Hasbrouck. A, H. 
llitchoDck, Dexter 
I lowland. B. C. 
Hunt, Dwight B. 
Jaynos, Asa W. 
Jones, Chas. E. 
Krause. W, H. 
l.ihbv. Clias, A, 



306 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



Lawrence, G. W. 
Ostrom, Homer I. 
Osborne, S. C. 
Perkins. Wesley B. 
Ross, Geo. B. 
Richardson. G. W. 
Simmons. Daniel 
Smith. T. V. 
Schmucker, F. R. 



Adams. Geo. A. 
Bennett. R. A. 
Babcock. D. A. 
Bowman, John R. 
Brainard. L. L. 
Boynton. F. H. 
Case. E. E. 
Conch. L. B. 
Crosby. O. H. 
Dresser, G. D. 
Fla^g. Geo. W. 
Fuller. E. E. (M. D.) 
Farmer. G. S. 
Foote. Theodore 
Gilbert. H. 
Griffiths. W. H. 



Anderson, A. J. 
Baldwin, Theo. H. 
Beach, Arthur 
Baldwin. Harry D. 
Baker. Chas. W. 
Barchet, Stephen P. 
Bailey, Walter. Jr. (M. D.) 
Bradbury, Fred W. 
Cranch, Edward (M. D.) 
Dart, James M. 
Deschere. Martin 
Elmendorf. Thos. C. 
French, Walton W. 
Gallup. M. W. 
Gile, Francis A. 
Goldman. H. G. 
Hall, Stanton L. 
Hartley. Wm. G. 
Hill, Frank K. 



Allen, A. A. 
Bates, T. DeWitt 
Baruch, Solomon 
Barclay, D. H. 
Buell, E. C. 
Carleton. B. G. 
Claypool, A. 
Cole, A. L. 
Deady, Charles 
Decker, Wm. F. 
Deuel, W. E. 



Tytler, Geo. E. 

Waters, Henry 

Warren, Burdett 

Welch, F. G. 

Wilson, Milton A. 

Worley, H. A. 

Howe, Edwin J., M. D. (Ad Eundem) 

Houe, E.. M. D. (Ad Eundem) 



1874. 



Holmes, C. B. 
Jones, L. P. 
Kingsbury, C. S. 
Kingsley. O. D. 
Krebs, R. J. 
Miller. C. G. 
Rounds. W. E. 
Smith, H. C. 
Stone, R. M. 
Strunk, E. P. 
Tobey, W. H. 
Tufts. James E. 
Van Cleef. C. E. 
Wilcox, H. A. 
Worth. S. 
York, H. S: • 



1875. 



Hills, Arthur T. 
Mason, Perley H. 
Morden, Ralph 
Muhleman, S. A. 
O'Keefe. W. F. H. 
Piper, Albert T. 
Rowell, Chas. E. 
Routledge. Geo. A. 
Saxton, Chas. P. 
Selleck, William 
Sherman. Arthur T. 
Sullivan, Richard B. 
Terhnne, Geo. A. 
Tinker, Horace H. 
Townsend, W. R. 
Valentine, R. K. 
Wanstall, Alfred 
Winans. E. J. 
Wyman, E. L. 



1876. 



Eaton, H. B., Jr. 
Freed, Joel D. 
Gamman, A. W. 
Heartwell, H. B. 
Jenkins, O. L. 
Linnell, E. H. 
Madden, Joel D. 
Mendoza, F. F. 
Miller. Chas. H. 
McTavish. B. F. 
McCormack, G. F. 



HISTORY OF H'QAICEOPATHY 



307 



Molz, J. 
Mooers, C. A. 
Oertel Fred. (Rev.) 
Pearsall, J. A. 
Quill, J. D. 
Rade, Louis 
Radway, C. W. 
Rickerts, E. C. 
Rose, H. W. 
Shipman, T. H. 



Andrews, B. 

Barber, E. H. 

Beebe, W. B. 

Bennett, N. K. 

Benson, R. F. (M. D.) 

Blackman. W. W. 

Blodgett. G. W. 

Boyle, C. C. 

Bosworth. F. S. 

Buell. J. W. 

Bush, C. R. 

Clark. J. S. (D. D. S.) 

Cornell, C. W. 

Cossart. J. H. 

Cowl, Walter Y. 

Davis, J. E. L. 

D'Korth. F. L. 

Ely, C. F. 

Emerick. F. 

Faust, L. 

Friess, F. 

Goodricb, E. P. 

Hamilton. W. H. 

Harter. G. D. 

Hilton. W. H. 

Hinman, S. D. 

Holmes. H. P. (M. D.) 

Kinne. A. B. 

Lee, E. J. (M. D.) 

MacombtT. F.. P. 

McLeilaii. J. II. 



Beals, H. J. 
Bddin, C. K. 
Birdsall, T. P. 
Blakclook, G. C. 
Bosc, M. M. 
Botsford, L. T. 
Camp, A. A. 
Canipbrll. Fuf-'iiu' 
t'liambrrlaiii. J. II. 
Ciiapin, E. 
Cole, O. C. 
CrDsby, G. W. 
Curtis, A. M. (.M. D.) 
Ciiilis. J. G. B. 
iViiisfm. R. N. (M. D.) 
Dnnir, W. A., jr. 



Smith, H. M. 
Squier, E. B. 
Strong, C. H. 
Wildes, Thos. 

A. S. Ball, M. D. (Honorary Deg.) 
Barlow, Samuel B., M. D. (Honorarv Deg.) 
Gray, John F., AI. D. (Honorary Deg.) 
Hering, Constantine, M. D. (Honorary 
Deg.) 



1877. 



McDougall, J. H. 
Mayo, W. B. 
Moffat, J. L. 
Neefus, P. W. 
Nott, F. G. 
Phillips, R. O. 
Purdy, T. H. 
Putnam, H. A. 
Ritter, J. E. (M. D.) 
Robinson, G. P. 
Rowell. E. E. 
Ruby. G. P. 
Shotwel], J. H. 
Simmons, H. R. 
Smith, F. W. 
Spooner, F. 
Stevens, W. H. 
Storm, W. E. 
Sumner, C. R. 
Terhune, W. S. 
Thorne, E. 
Tobey, C. McV. 
Welch, C. D. 

Honorary Degrees to: 
C. Bovannes. M. D., Russia 
A. C' Clifton. M. D., England 
Wni. A. Haupt, AL D., Germany 
Clotar Muller, M. D., Germany 
J. W. Hayward. M. D., Englaiu! 
Richard Hughes. M. D., England 
Thos. Skinner, M. D., England 



1878. 



Eaton, C. W. 
Gorton, W. E. A. 
Garrison, H. W. 
Johnson, S. .M. 
Kastendicck. J. 
Lounsberv, G. 
McDowcfl, C. 
Mcl.cnathan, W. II. 
-Morgan, E J.. Jr. 
.\iusits. n. von 
Xevin. J. L. 
Rand, X. W. 
Rilch. (). S. 
Slu'iKtoiu', B C. 
."spencer, I'. D. 
Stark. C. !•:. 



308 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOFATHY 



Stearns, G. R. 
Strader, C. E. 
Sutton, J. J. 
Swalm. T. W. 



Banker, P. A. 
Benedict, F. S. 
Blauvelt, H. C. 
Brewster. F. D. 
Brown, L. S. 
Brownell. W. G. 
Candee, J. W. 
Cole, A. B. 
Davis, G. R. (M. D.) 
Decker, W. M. 
Ellis, C. F. 
Everitt. Edward 
Franklin, E. D. ' 
Goodell. J. F. 
Grant. R. C. 
Haisht. A. M. 
Hoffman. C. H. (M. D.) 
Howe. J. M. (D. D. S.) 
Ingersoll, W. K. 
Kinney, C. S. 



Barnes. Chas. F. 
Beyea. James L. 
Capron, W. J. B. 
Cowan. M. W. 
Dewey, W. A. 
Dickie, Perry 
Dunham. Carroll, Jr. 
Fla?s-. Rob. N. 
Fuller, F. C. 
Garnsey. Wm. S. 
Green. Arba R. 
Holden. C. P. 
Howard. T. T., Jr. 
Kine. Emmet C. 
Leake. E. N. 
Lilienthal. James E. 
Maxson, H. R. 



Angell. A. 
Bradsworth, J. H. 
Brautigam, C. N. 
Brooks, Homer 
Bull, L. A. 
Butler. M. B. 
Chapman, A. E. 
Clark, S. W., Jr. 
Coffin. H. W. 
Curtis, H. N. 
Day. J. D. (M. D.) 
Dobbins, W. A. 
Ecki. S. P. 
Fife. A. F. 



Van Schoonhoven, C. S. 

Walters, C. A., Jr. 

John Butler, M. D. (Ad Eundem.) 



1879. 



Leal. Malcolm 
Lloyd, A. H. 
Lockwood. H. L. 
Martin, R. A. 
Mead, B. E. 
Moffat, Edgar V. 
Morgan, G. S. 
Northrop, E. S. 
Nunamaker. T. L. 
Pettit, N. M. 
Swift, E. M. 
Tinker, C. A. 
Turner, T. S. 
Vansant, J. T. 
Vehslage, S. 
Vincent, S. H. 
Vreeland, S. D. 
White, W. S. 
Whitmarsh. H. A. 
Wood. L. F. 



1880. 



McDonald, R. E. 
Miller, G. L. 
Pellette, A. H. 
Porter. George 
Russell. J. Edwin 
Shelton. C. H. 
Smvth, Sam'l H. 
Sovereen, F. S. 
Sprague. C. G. 
Strong. J. R. 
Smith. R. D. (Rev.) 
Spencer. Albert J. 
Weed, R. M. 
Wine. E. M. 
Wilcox. S. F. 
Youngman. M. D. 



1881. 



Elebash. C. S. 
Faulkner. W. H. 
Foster, H. L. 
Gee. O. A. 
Groves, C. A. 
Hamilton, E. W. 
Hanor, A. C. 
Harris, N. A. 
Helffrich, C. E. (M. D.) 
Herbert, R. W. 
Hoard. V. A. 
Hodge, J. W. 
Horton. E. T. 
Hough, W. D. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



309 



Houghton. B. L. 
Keator. B. S. 
Kelly, W. B. 
Latimer, W. C. 
Licorish, R. F. 
Lovrry, E. N. 
Macy, C. S. 
Mayer, C. A. 
Mesick, J. C. 
Miles, S. C. 
Millspaugh, C. F. 
Norton, A. B. 
Packer, H. E. 



Angell, M. H. 

Babbitt, O. H. 

Beaman, C. P. 

Bell, W. N. 

Bowen, J. G. 

Broughton, L. D, Jr. (M. D.) 

Cannon, Mott D. 

Christy, J. M. 

Clarke, H. L. 

Daniels, J. L. 

Davis, Chas. G. 

Downer, A. G. 

Dunning, Chas. H. 

Dutcher, M. T. 

Eaton, Erwin R. 

Fahnestock, J. C. 

Gardner, F. A. 

Garrison, J. B. 



Pingree, M. C. 
Pratt. E. J. 
Ring. C. F. 
Sanborn. F. C. 
Schuyler, R. W. 
Shrewsbury, W. 
Simpson, A. P. 
Sinsabaugh, J. A. 
Sisson, F. M. 
Smith. N.. Jr. 
St. John, T. 
Williams. T. C. 
Wolcott, E. H. 



1882. 



Hamilton, F. 
Havward, E. S. 
Hoiman. H. R. (M. D.) 
Jones, Chas. E. 
King, W. H. 
Kolb, Henry 
Lambert. E. B. 
Lutze. F H. 
McGonegal. G. R. 
Myers. Chas. F. 
Norton. A. C. 
Putnev, W. S. 
Riggs. D. H. (M. D.) 
Ritchie, F. G. 
Robertson. G. A. (M. D.) 
Royal, George 
Town send. R. E. 
Vail, Edwin S. 



Allen, L., Mass. 
Asher, R. E., N. Y. 
Avers, J. S., N. J. 
Bennett, F. M., N. Y. 
Bond, A. J., N. H. 
Bray, C. S., Conn. 
Briggs, E. E. (Ph. B.), Pa. 
Burnett, D. W., N. Y. 
Forbes, C. H., Mass. 
Getman. A. D., N. Y. 
Grove, D. B., Pa. 
Hall, E. C. M., Conn. 
Hanford W. J.. N. Y. 
Hann, P. S., N. J. 
Hermance, S. G., N. Y. 
Hoffman, T. R.. N. J. 
HollistcT, W. C. N. Y. 
Hopper, C. P., N. Y. 
Infield, C, N. Y. 
Keeney, J. 11.. N. Y. 
Lane, C. E.. N. Y. 
Lane, L J.. N. Y. 
Lawshe, J. Z., Ga. 
Luscoinb. A., Mass. 



McMichael. A. R. (M. D.), N. Y. 

Nutting, N., N. Y. 

Palmer, A. W., N. Y. 

Pampinella, F. N., N. Y. 

Pierson. W. H., N. Y. 

Pulver. H. J.. Conn. 

Rabe, F. E.. Conn. 

Rand. J. P.. Mass. 

Rice. H. E.. Mass. 

Roval. T. C. Conn. 

Shelton. G. G.. N. Y. 

Shinier. C. S.. N. Y. 

Sliipnian. L. K., R. L 

Skiff. \V. C . Conn. 

Sniali. C B.. N. Y. 

Tlinrber, T. J.. N. Y. 

Traciv. A. M.. Jr.. N. V 

Ward J. W.. Cal. 

Warner. .\. G.. N. Y. 

Wilkins. G. H.. Mass. 

Williams. F. F.. N. Y 

Wilson, J. F... Conn. 

7..IKT, .\ , X. Y. 



310. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



Adams, Charles F.. N. Y. 

Bigelow, William S.. Mass. 

Boal, J. Mills. Jr., Ohio 

Brittan, Joseph E., N. Y. 

Bulmer. George W., N. Y. 

Campbell. Charles E.. N. Y. 

Carter. Harry E., N. Y. 

Coleman, David, N. Y. 

Crisand, Carl, Conn. 

Doty, George H.. N. Y. 

Elebash. Carl P., N. Y. 

Hanchett, Henry G.. N. Y. 

Hardy. Olin S., N. Y. 

Hart, Arthur H. (M. D.). Conn. 

Hartwell. Harry W. (M. D.), N. Y. 

Helfrich. Charles H., Jr., N. Y. 

Hincks, William S.. Mass. 

Horner. J. Richey (M. D.), phio 

Howard. Clarence C, N. Y. 

Jaeckel. Charles E.. N. J. 

Kenney, Arthur, N. J. 

Knapp, Herbert J.. N. Y. 

Knapp, James C. (A. B.). N. Y. 

Lewis. Eldon E., Can. 

Low. Smith D. "(M. D.). 111. 

McGuire. J. Frank. Mich. 

McKenzie. John A.. N. Y. 

Martino. Richard R.. N. Y. 



Adams. Murray 'Si.. N. Y. 
Atwell. D. R. 'j.. N. Y. 
Babcock, Wm. D., Conn. 
Barnum, Fred'k Lee, Conn. 
Best, Fred'k William, N. Y. 
Bolan, Lorenzo W.. N. Y. 
Buck. Champlain F.. N. Y. 
Bullel. Krishnarao B., India. 
Chattaway, Albert D., N. Y. 
Clark. Jeptha C, N. J. 
Close, Stuart. Cal. . 
Connelly, Wm. Henry. N. Y. 
Dyer, Charles L.. N. Y. 
DeBaun, Edwin. X. Y. 
Freer, James A.. N. Y. 
Fulton. Fred S. (A. B.), N. Y. 
Graves. Henry S. (A. B.), Mass. 
Hall, Matthew J., Mass. 
Heberton, William W., N. J. 
Husson, John, X. Y. 



Miner, William S., N. Y. 

Moody, Charles W., Conn. 

Moore, James H., Mass. 

Nash, Horace W., N. Y. 

Paige, Harry W., N. Y. 

Pattee, Raymond L.. N. Y. 

Pierron, Henry J., N. Y. 

Potter, Emerson B. (M. D.), N. Y. 

Rannefeld, Alexander H., N. Y. 

Ray, Dwarka Nath (L. S. A.), E. India. 

Reed, Jared A. (B. S.), N. Y. 

Reed, William E.. Conn. 

Sage, Frederick H., Conn. 

Schenck, Herbert D. (B. S.), N. Y. 

Simmons. Robert S., N. Y. 

Smjth, Charles F., Conn. 

Spoor, Fred W., N. Y. 

Talmage, Alonzo L., N. Y. 

Teets. Charles E.. N. Y. 

Tisdale, Charles L. (M. D.), Honolulu 

Van Sant, James A. (A. B.), Ky. 

Wheeler. James A., R. I. 

Wilcox, Frederick E.. Conn. 

Williams, Frank B., X. Y. 



Couch, F. M. (May lo. 1883), ^fass. 



1885. 



Lawrence, Jerome B., X. Y. 
MacFarland. Ralph L.. Conn. 
McCune, Wm. E.. N. Y. 
Maeder, John G., X. Y. 
Moseley, George T.. X. Y. 
Xorton, Charles O. (M. D.), X. Y. 
Opdyke, Levings A., N. J. 
Palmer, Harry E., Iowa 
Payne, Clarence X.. X. Y. 
Pearsall, W'm. S., X. Y. 
Porter, Eugene H., N. J. 
Richards, George H., N. J. 
Robinson, Xathaniel, N. Y. 
Scale, Kinkson, West Indies 
Sherwin. A. Proctor. Jr.. X. Y. 
Stacy, Fred I., X. Y. 
Stewart, James A.. X. Y. 
Timm, H. S., X. Y. 
White, F. R. S., X. Y. 
Woodruff, Alden J., X. ^^ 



1886. 



'Bartholomew, W. L.. X. Y. 
Bemis, E. 1).. Canada 
Dodge, C. E.. X. H. 
Dowling, G. B.. N. Y. 
Dowling. J. W.. Ir. (A. B.. M. D.), N. Y. 
Faust, F. A.. X. ^". 
Gill, J. T., Ohio 



Grimm. A. C, N. Y. 
Griswold, William, X. J. 
Hall, W. S., N. Y. 
Hallock, J. H.. N. Y. 
Hawlcy. G. T.. 'J'cnn. 
Hiller. J. L., X. Y. 
Hudson, Wm. T.. X. Y. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



311 



Hunt, O. G., N. Y. 

Jones, W. H., Conn. 

Keeler, E. R, N. Y. 

Knight, S. H. (A. B.), Mass. 

Lewis, G. W., Jr. (A. B.), N. Y. 

Licorish, J. I., West Indies 

McDowell, G. W. (A. B.), N. Y. 

MacMillan, J. W., N. J. 

Manaton. W. P., N. J. 

Martin, L. A., N. Y. 

Munroe, R H., N. J. 

Nichols, G. H., N. Y. 

Oley, S. W., N. Y. 

Putnam, C. K, N. Y. 



Reynolds, W. U., N. Y. 

Ritch, A. M., N. Y. 

Roberts, D. J., N. Y. 

Russell, H. E., N. Y. 

Smoot, P. G., Ky. 

Stacy, S. A. (A. B.), Ohio 

Stutz, J. A., D. C. 

Telford, J. W., N. Y. 

Thorpe, W. E., Conn. 

Van Alstyne, F. W., N. Y. 

Wentworth. W. P.. Mass. 

Witte, E. B., N. J. 

Winchell, W. B. (A. M.), N. Y, 



1887. 



Adams, Marshall J.. New Haven, Ct. 
Arthur, Daniel H., Springfield, O. 
Benedix, Robert, New York City 
Bergen, Abram W., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Best, George B., Chatham, N. Y. 
Bigelow, Frank A., New York City 
Bleecker, William H., New York City. 
Bowen, George R., San 'Antonio, Tex. 
Bucklyn, John K., Jr., Mystic Bridge, Ct. 
Burtis, Charles T., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Carr, Henry L., Paterson, N. J. 
Chase, James O., St. Albans. Vt. 
Crooks, James, Jr., Paterson, N. J. 
Dudham. George B., Yarmouth, N. S. 
Fay, Russell P., Burlington. N. Y. 
Fitch, Edward D., Worcester. Mass. 
Gill, John W., Flushing. L. I., N. Y. 
Helmuth, William T., Jr.. New York City 
Houghton, Neidhard H., Boston. Mass. 
Jacobus, Samuel I., White Plains, N. Y. 
Jenkins, Ralph, Newburgh. N. Y. 
Johnson, Walter W., Nortn Cohocton, N. Y. 
Jones, Daniel L.. Brooklyn. N. V. 
Ct. 



Kellogg, Francis B. (M. D.), New Haven, 
, Lewis, Mortimer A., Plantsville, Ct. 
Minton, Henry B., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Montgomery, Frank L., Jr., New York City 
Muller, Chas. L., New York City 
Nelden, Arthur L., Jersey City, N. J. 
Nevin, William R., Jersey City, N. J. 
Nichols, Henry F., Hoboken, 5s^ J. 
Olmstead, Edward M., New York City 
Reed. Joseph O., Auburn, N. Y. 
Russell, John J., Johnstown, N. Y. 
Schumann, Carl. New- York City 
Smith, George M., New York City 
Snyder, Charles F., Jersey City, N. J. 
Stewart, A. Cecil, Reading. Pa. 
Stilwell, Benj. W. (LL.B.). New York Citv 
Thayer, Alfred L (A. B.~), Haverhill. Mass. 
Townsend, Irving, LaGrangeville. N. Y. 
VanDcnburg, Wni. H.. Fort Edward. N. Y. 
Ward, Charles A., Watertown, N. Y. 
Woodruff. Frank C, Boonton, N. J. 
Watts. Pliny R.md. Monson, Mass. 
Young, Banks F., Syracuse, N. Y. 



1888. 



Allen. Jonathan H., Montviilc, Ct. 
Allen, Winfred C, Brooklyn, X. V. 
Baker, Allen Eugene, Auburn, N. V. 
Birdsall, William G., Grcen|)()int. N. V. 
Cami)bell, John B., Brooklvn, N. V. 
Clausen, Bernard, Hoboken, N. J. 
Cummins, Frank M., New York City 
Elliott, Amos H., New York City 
I'lctciicr. Zaciiary P.. New York Citv 
Foster, AliMi/n n. (M. D. ), Waterford, 

Can. 
Gwynn, Cliaries .\., i'lnoop^vilk, X. Y. 
llaniliu. ircdcrick W. ( .\. H. ). Xew \'ork 

City 
ll.ilch, i'.lnur .M., Xew York Citv 
ll.iviland, Willis 11.. Glens l-alls. N. Y. 
llinnian. Richard i-"., .XtiaiUa, Ga. 
Hoag, Alva A.. Uridgeport, Ct. 



Holly, Alonzo P. B., Port an Prince, llayti 
Jackson, John C, Jordan. N. Y. 
Jacobson, Frank A.. Hackensack. N. J. 
Jcwett, Howard C. (A. B.), Haverhill. 

Mass. 
Jones, Herbert S., So. Sudbury, Mass. 
Kastcnditck, Julius T. W., Brooklyn. X. Y. 
Kline. .Vndrew K., North Branch, X. J. 
Landauer, Simon C, Medina, X. Y. 
Mandeville, I'Ved'k A.. Xewark, X. J. 
McGoary, George H., Marble, \\i. 
McGraw, He Witt H. (.\. U.). Hiugliamton. 

X. Y. 
Mcintosh, SherwiHuI D., .\nbuni, X Y. 
Miller, Harry T.. Springtield. (> 
Moriartv, Pierre C, Hrooklvn, X \ . 
Mowbray, J. Lincoln. .MIeudale. X. J. 
P.uker. iuiwin K. l.iltleton. X H. 



312 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



Piatt, Clarence N. (A. B.), New Haven, Ct. 
Queen, Louis A. (D. D. S.), New York 

City 
Rathbun, Grenville A, Franklin, N. Y. 
Robinson, Wilhelmus B., Haverstraw, N. Y. 
Sawver. Willis H., Antrim, N. H. 
Smith, Charles W., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Smith, Edward S., New Haven, Ct. 
Sweet, Robert V., Port Byron, N. Y. 



Vand'erwerker, Hiram W., Glens Falls, 

N. Y. 
Ver Nooy. Charles, Rutherford, N. J. 
Wakeley, William A., Levana, N. Y. 
Walters, John B. (M. D.), Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Whiteley, Edgar W., New York City 
Wiggins. Theodore C., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Winans, Howard E., Caldwell, N. J. 
Woodruff, Joseph M. (A. M.), Newark, 

N. J. 



1889. 



Allen, Paul, New York City 
Bowen, Horace, Jersey City, N. J. 
Bunn, Frank C, East Orange, N. J. 
Bennett, Wm. H. (A. B.), Fitchburg, Mass. 
B«st, Stephen E. (D. D. S.), Astoria, N. Y. 
Capon, Samuel R., East Douglas, Mass. 
Clark, Homer (A. B.), New York City 
Connell, John, New York City 
Church, Herbert A., Canton, N. Y. 
Dunn, James Alfred, Titusville, Pa. 
Dowe, Frank LeC. New York City 
Dunlevy, Don Carlos B., New York City 
Curran, Edwin J., Franklin, Pa. 
Finerty, J. W., Milford, N. H. 
Hallett, George DeW., Bridgeport, Ct. 
Hardv, Wm. James, Belvidere, N. J. 
Honan. Wm. F., Maysville, Ky. 
Hull, George A. (D. D. S.), New York 

City 
Jenkins, George H., Rochester, N. H. 
Krogstad, Henry (M. D.), St. Paul, Minn. 



Lewis, N. H., New York City 

Low, Chauncey E., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Luce, Daniel, New York City 

Morrison, Caldw^l (A. B.), Orange, N. J. 

Mills. Walter Sands, New York City 

Opdyke, Charles P., Jersey City, N. J. 

Quackenbush, Edward M., Fort Edward, 
N. Y. 

Roberts, George W. (Ph. B.), New York 
Citv 

Risley, Frank E., Waterville. N. Y. 

Schafmeister, John A., Meriden, Ct. 

Schell, Friend M. (D. D. S.), Rutland, Vt. 

Sherman, LeRoy B. (A. M.), North Col- 
lins, N. Y. ■ 

Sword, George P., Thompsonville, Ct. 

Tuttle, Edward G. (A. M.), Worcester, 
Mass. 

Van Bergen, Henry, Carbondale, Pa. 

Wilcox, Charles E., Wellsville, N. Y. 

Wood, Arthur H., Providence, R. L 



1890. 



Ackerman, James F., Nashua, N. H. 
Adams. Daniel C, Plainfield, N. J. 
Ball, Halsey J., Cortland, N. Y. 
Breck, William B., Brooklyn, N. Y. . 
Bryan, Joseph H. (A. B.), New York Citv 
Clark, Frank W., Williamson, N. Y. 
Conkling, Edw. D. G., Convent Station, 

N.J. 
Dennison, Ira W., Mystic Bridge, Ct. 
Day, L. A. L. (M. D.), Martinsburg, 

W. Va. 
Dean, Louis W., Hamilton, Ont. 
Dunlevy, G. Calder, New York City 
Edgerton, Edward F. (M. D.), Franklin, 

N Y. 
Enloe, Benj. Howard, Nashville, Tenn. 
Elliott, Sidney B., Toronto, Ont. 
Flint, William J., Black River, N. Y. 
Flint, Charles B., Black River, N. Y. 
Fostfr, E. Agate, Sing Sing, N. Y. 
Harder, George W., Troy, N. Y. 
Hanford. Harold W., Watertown, N. Y. 
Hitchcock, E. Ward, Canton, N. Y. 



Her, George Hills, Troy, N. Y. 
Laidlaw, George F., New York City 
Levi, Louis D. (M. D.), Georgetown. Ind. 
Lewis, Charles H. (B. S.), Rochester, N. Y. 
Martin, George F., Cambridge, Mass. 
Marsh, James M., Stockholm Centre,, N. Y. 
McConaughy, Francis, Somerville, N. J. 
McMichael, David A. (B. A.), Toronto, 

Ont. 
Noble, Ellsworth H. (Ph. G.), Dundee, 

N. Y. 
Poole, Louis Eben, Jersey City, N. J. 
Peters, Wilson L., Circleville, Ohio 
Scliuppan, George E., Jersey City, N. J. 
Smith, Max M., Schenectady, N. Y. 
Slade, Harold (D. D. S.), Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Talcott, William S., New York City 
Whaley, C. Bryant, Norwalk, Ct. 
Watson, James M. (M. D.), Falmouth, 

Mass. 
Winters, Charles S. (A. B.), Binghamton, 

N. Y. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



313 



1891. 



Ackerman, C. W., Yonkers, X. Y. 
Andrew, R. M., New York City 
Bailey. C. L., Troy, N. Y. 
Baldwin, W. P. (A. B., M. D.), New York 

City 
Ball, G. R., Hoosac Falls, N. Y. 
Bierbauer, B. (B. S.), Mankato, Minn. 
Birch, C. E., White Plains, N. Y. 
Boocock, R., Flatbush, L. I., N. Y. 
Calesch, A. C, Hoboken, N. J. 
Church, C. H. (B. Sc), Passaic, N. J. 
Crompton, C. W., Niagara Falls, Can. 
Delabarre, W. E. (A. B.), New York City 
Diehl, W., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Doyle, H. H., Pittsburg, Pa. 
Foster, H. W., Putnam, Ct. 
Foster, W. E. (A. B.), Middletown, N. Y. 
Frazer, F. M. (B. S.), Newark, N. J. 
Griffith, A. R., Grand Forks, N. Dak. 
Hathaway, H. S. (A. B., Ph. B., M. D.), 

Yonkers, N. Y. 
Hawxhurst, H. H. (A. B.), Somers Centre, 

N. Y. 
Hinman, E. L., Newark, N. J. 



Hopper, M. T., New York City 
Jenks. F. R., Pawtucket, R. I. 
Kellogg, E. R., New Haven, Ct. 
Kelley, L. S., Newark, N. J. 
Knickerbocker, H. D., Watertown, N. Y. 
Leach, A. E., Lyons, N. Y. 
Leonard, W. H., Flushing, N. Y. 
Lightfoot, G, F., Lawrence, Mass. 
Linquist, M. F. (M. D.), New Haven, Ct. 
Lyman, J. G., New York City 
McCracken, Wm., Pittsburg, Pa. 
Ogden, E. G., New York City 
Patton, H. M. (B. S., C. M.. M. D.), 

Montreal, Canada 
Piatti, V. C, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Pease. C. G. (D. D. S.), New York City 
Pierce, W. L., New York City 
Sage, H. P., New Haven, Ct. 
Simorson. J. F., New York Citv 
Smith, W. L. (Ph. B.), Fort Worth, Tex. 
Spang, H. A. (D. D. S.), New Haven, Ct. 
Storer, J. H. (A. B.), Norwich, Ct. 
Willis, H., Brooklyn, N. Y. 



Bachman, George A., Alexandria Bay, N. Y. 
Beals, Morell Brainard, New York City 
Brinkerhoff, A. S. (A. M.), Jersey City, 

N. J. 
Cargill, Frank A., New Haven, Ct. 
Chandler, D. Henry (A. M.), Little Britain, 

N. Y. 
Cropsey, Charles D., Jersey City, N. J. 
DeCamp. Frank Hurd, Newark, N. J. 
Denslow, Marmaduke H., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Ely, Leonard W., New York City 
Ensey. Wm. Webster, Dayton, Ohio 
Ermentraut, August O., New York City 
Fawdrey, John Winfield, Albany, N. Y. 
Greene, Charles R. F., New Bedford, Mass. 
Hawley, Hercules R., East Orange, N. J. 
Horton, Claude A., Poultnoy, Vt. 
Elbert, Archer J.. East Douglas, Mass. 
Lewis, Frederick D., Buffalo, N. Y. 



Maclvor, James H., New York City 
McKenzie, Joseph E., Caledonia, N. Y. 
Noble, Daniel C., Benson, \'t. 
Otis, John H., Poughkeepsie. X. Y. 
Palmer, John B., Lakeside, N. Y. 
Porter, Clifford W., Hartford, Ct. 
Raymond, Herman L., San Diego, Cal. 
Rufus, L. Robinson, Jr., Cranford. N. J. 
Smith. Sidney E.. Brooklyn, N. Y. 
St. John. Arthur H., Oswego, N. Y. 
Street, Herman E., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Strong, Chapman E., Benson, \"t. 
Taft Fred P.. Water^■ille, N. Y. 
Van Loon, Arthur B. ( M. D.), Albany, 

N. Y. 
\'an Mater, Geo. G. (D. V. S.). Brooklyn, 

N. Y. 
White, John T., Salt Lake City, I'tah 
Willis, Clinton. Brooklyn, N. V. 



1893. 



Ambler, John Iv, Chalham, N. Y. 
Baker, Cyrus R., Newark, N. J. 
Bardwcll. Frcd'k A., San Louis Obispo, Cal. 
Barnum, O. .Shepard, Now York City 
Canncy, Fred. G., .San Francisco, Cal. 
Carson, West M., New York City 
Copeland. E. Humphrey (A. B.), Monson, 

Mass. 
Crane, Clias. F., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Davis. Wm. B., Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 
Dctwiller, Wm. K., F.asti>n, Pa. 
Evans, Chas. V. S., Albany. N. Y. 



ForbiN Gc... I. (Ph. D.). West Haven. Vt. 
Giveans, Bradford W.. Ncwburgh. N. Y. 
Hallock, Frank M.. Plaintield. N. J. 
Harvey, Frank T. (B. ^.). Leominster. 

Mass. 
II. .11.. way. J..hn M.. Jersey City. N. J. 
Hopkins, Wm. Wilder. Geneva. N. V. 
Innalls. David W.. Little Falls. N. V. 
l.obdcll, Albaii J., Fast Berne. N. Y. 
Marcy. Wm. Henry. Webster. Mass. 
Niihols, Geo, Louis, H.>boken. N. J. 
S.u-kett, llarrv R.. llolvi.kr. Mass. 



314 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



Stewart, Wm. Bell, New York City 
Seward, John P. (A. B.), New York City 
Stevens, J. Herbert, Rochester, N. H. 
Sureth, Theodore, Danville. Pa. 



Townsend. Chas. W., New York City 
Van Mater, Geo. G., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Wall, Frederic M. (A. M.), New York City 
Warren, Frank R., Worcester, Mass. 



1894. 



Babcock, Edwin C, Madison. N. Y. 
Bedford, Edwin R., Glenham, N. Y. 
Bentley, Fred. W., Macedon. N. Y. 
Brennen, Francis E., Long Island Citv. 

N. Y. _ 
Brown, Elisha W., Providence. R. I. 
Cole, Frederick H., Bridgeport, Ct. 
Drej'er, Francis H., New York City 
Du Jardin, Roland, New York City 
Gillingham, Horace P., New York City 
Haywood, Charles W., New York City 
Hall, Charles B., Carthage, N. Y. 
Holden, George P., Yonkers, N. Y. 
Houston, Samuel W., New York City 
Hrdlicks, Alois F. (M. D.), New York City 
Hyde, Louis D., Oswego, N. Y. 
Keith, Horace G., New York City 
Little, William, Cabin Hill, N. Y. 
Love, Wm. Lathrop (A. B.), Germantown. 

Pa. 
McGeoch, Ralph L., Shushan, N. Y. 



]\Terriam, Henry E., Waverly, N. Y. 
Munson, Edwin S., New York City 
Newton, John B.. Middletown, Ct. 
Page. Roy Alfred, Nunda, N. Y. 
Pearn, George, Jamaica, W. L 
Powelson, Arthur P., Middletown, N. Y. 
Purcell, Joseph M., North Granville, N. Y. 
Roberts, Eugene P. (A. B.), Lewisburgh, 

N. C. 
Sherman, Irving P., New York City 
Stevens, Parker B.. Rochester, N. H. 
Stewart. William A., Jamestown, N. Y. 
Stoutenburg. Abram W., Pittsford. N. Y. 
Sumner, Chas. O. (B. S.), Potsdam, N. Y. 
Sunderland, Paul U., Danbury, Ct. 
Underbill, Albert E., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Valentine, Edwin J. G., Jersey City, N. J. 
Vibbard, Arthur A., Johnstown, N. Y. 
Wait, Oliver Babcock, New York City 
Walmsley. Robert F.. Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Young, William D., Buffalo, N. Y. 



1895. 



Allen, Jacob Wilford, New York City 
Baldwin, Edward Hill, Newark, N. J. 
Bartlett, George W., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Brown, Charles A., Brooklyn. N. Y. 
Brown. Stanley R., Elizabeth, N. J. 
Button, Lucius L. (Ph. B.), Norwich. Ct. 
Carlough, David J. (A. B.), Paterson, N. J. 
Charles, Frank (A. B.), Hungary 
Christian, William W., Hamilton. N. Y. 
Coles, Howard L., New Rochelle, N. Y. 
Crump, Walter G., Pittsford, N. Y. 
Dowling, Joseph I., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Faust, William P., Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
Fiske, Edwin Rodney (A. B.), Brooklyn, 

N. Y. 
Fogg, Walter A., Rochester, N. H. 
Frazee, Charles E.. New York City 
Fritz, Arthur R., Rochester, N. Y. 
Gaggin, Verner S. (Ph. B.), Erie, Pa. 
Gates. Howard B. (Ph. B.), San Jose, Cal. 
Graffin, Tohn C, New York City 
Gray, Marshall D., Hoosick Falls. N. Y. 
Harrison, Herbert A., North Winfield. 

N. Y. 
Hinman, Clarke E., New York City 
Hollister, Frederick K., Rutherford, N. J. 
Hoskins, Delos W., Aurelius. N. Y. 
Howland, Reeve B., Elmira, N. Y. 



Ives, Nathaniel H., Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 
Lewis, J. Clifford, Walton, N. Y. 
Meyer, Oscar N., Astoria, N. Y. 
Miner, Frederick C, New York City 
Mitchell, Laurent S., New York City 
Moore, D. C. Y., Robertsville. Ct. 
Neilson, Howard S.. New York City 
Newman. Louis G., Plainfield. N. J. 
Noble, George E., New Bedford. Mass. 
Noble, Henry H. T. (A. B.), Mendham, 

N.J. 
Ostrander, Henry Y. (M. D.). Brooklyn, 

N. Y. 
Parsons, Thomas (Ph. B.). Rochester, 

N. Y. 
Reed, Albert Sidney (A. B.). Beaufort, 

S. C. 
Rudderow. Edward D., New York City 
Sanders, Llewellyn J., Auburn, N. Y. 
Schultz, Edwin M.. Tri States, N. Y. 
Snyder, William H., Waterloo. N. Y. 
Van Ostrand. Dell G.. New York Cuy 
Viehe. Carl G., Evansville, Ind. 
Wait, Sheridan P. (LL. B.), Fort Edward, 

N. Y. 
Wilcox, John Murray, St. Louis, ^'^. 
Willcox. George W.. New York' City 
Wintsch. Carl H., Newark, N. J. 



1896. 



Allen, Herbert C, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Earnes, Frank H., Sauquoit, N. Y. 



Riel. .\ugust. New York City 
Boies, William A., Knoxvilio. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



315 



Conklin, Ray C. Fairport, X. Y. 
Devol, Edmund M., New Albany, Ind. 
Dowkontt. Geo. H., New York City 
Evans, Edward D., Pittsburg. Pa. 
Evans, Geo. E.. Rochester, X. H. 
Fran'risco, David E., Middletown. X. Y. 
Gale, Frank J., Winchester, X. H. 
Gennerich. Charles, Xew York City 
Griflfen, M. D., Danbury. Ct. 
Harris, James E., Xew York City 
Jones, Robert M., Bridgeport. Ct. 
Kidder, Hugh (A. B.). Owego, X. Y. 
Lacina, Anthony M., Xew York City 



Lemmerz. Theodore H.. Jersey Cit3-, X^. J 
Lloyd, Ralph I., Poughkeepsie, X. Y 
Mitchell. Chas. A., Xew York Citv 
Xoyes, Ward R., Sutton. Vt. 
Ohly, Carl H. (Ph. D.). Xew York City 
Pettit, Gaylord J.. Lockport. X'. Y. 
Rabe, Rudolph F., Jr., Hoboken. X. J. 
Roberts, Herbert A., Derby, Ct. 
Seaman, Clayton W., So. Westerlo. X. Y. 
Thirlwall, M. A. C, Timperly. England 
Wentworth, Wm. E.. Rochester. X. H. 
Willard, Harry S., Ridgewood, X'. J. 
Zeckhausen, Harrj-, Xew York City 



1897. 



Allen, Lewis W. (B. S., M. D.). Oakland, 

Cal. 
Austin, A. Eugene, Xew York City 
Bixby, Ernest P., Francestown,- X H. 
Buchanan, T. Drysdale. Xew York Citv 
Buys. Thomas Alex.. Brooklyn, X'. Y. 
Deady, Howard P., X'ew York City 
Everett, Edward A., Astoria, X'. Y. 
Hovej-, Robert F., Monson, Mass. 



Kaiser, William B., Town of Union, X. J. 
Kellogg, Arthur B. (M. D.), Hartford. Ct. 
Marsh, Horatio R. (B. S.), Joliet, 111. 
Peterson, Charles A., Hoboken, X. J. 
Potter, Clarence A., Pulaski, X. Y. 
Smith, Arthur B., Springfield, O. 
Stocker, Frank H.. Hartford, Conn, 
Warreti, Arthur F., Mil ford, X, H. 



1898. 



Chamberlin, George yi. (A. B.), Svracuse, 

N. Y. 
Clark, Charles C, Xewark, X. J. 
Cochrane, Harold D., Xew York City 
Davies, Thomas F., New York City 
Decker, James W. (B. S.), Scranton, Pa. 
Gates, James M., Springfield, Mass. 
Gayde, Earle A., Utica, X. Y. 
Goodrich. Fred W., Xew York City 
Hutchinson, John, So. Manchester, Ct. 
Irwin, Frederick C, Waterville, X. Y. 
Lerrigo, Peter H. J., Los Angeles, Cal.' 
Meeker, Irving A. (A. B.), Glen Ridge, 

X.J. 



Pallister. Stanley W., Pultneyville, X. Y. 
Reed, Mark Eugene, Buffalo, X. Y. 
Riordan. Patrick D., Xew York Citv 
Roe, Samuel A. CM. D.), Butler, Mo." 
Rodgers, Albert H. (A. B., M. D.), Albanv. 

X. Y. 
Seward. Frederick W.. Goshen, X. Y. 
Shepard. Hiland G.. Rochester, X. Y. 
Spencer. Hazleton, Xew York City 
Thompson, Arthur F., Xewark, 5s. J. 
Walker. Lester E., Xorwich, Conn. 
Whitehorne, Fred'k N. (A. B., M. DA, 

Xew York 
Whitmyre. John Peter. Schenectady, N. Y. 



1899. 



Anderson, Jefferson C. (A. B.), Monticello, 

Fla. 
Augustin. Geo. W., Jr., Jersey City, X. J. 
Birdsall, Edgar. Glens Falls. N. Y. 
Blakcman, J. LeRoy. Xew York City 
Borncniann. Alfred, Brooklyn, X. Y. 
Burt, James E., Asl)ury Park. X, J. 
Choquettc. Joseph H., Fall River, Mass. 
Clark, Albert B.. Eureka. Utah, 
demons, Carl A., Washington, D. C. 
Datesnian, Hiram F., Passaic. N. J. 
Durrin, William C. Pcekskill. N. Y. 
I'.mrry, William G., Middlclown, N, Y. 
Il.iinblin. l""r;ink M., Cayuna, N. Y. 
Il.iyward, .Abiu-r, New York City 
llopke, l-raiicis ]\. W., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
House, Wallace B.. SpriiiKfu'ld. O. 
Irish. James II. (.'\. B.), Skaiiealelcs, N. Y 
Kuig, George S., i'".ast I'atclionue. N. Y. 
Lawrence, Win. I ., Hinnliamtoii. N. Y. 



Lewis, Thos. P., New York Citv 

Marshall, Bertram E. (A. B.), Middlebury, 
Vt. 

Miller. James D., Cranford, N. J. 

Pardee, M. Clifford. S. Norwalk. Ct. 

Payne. James A., Bridgetown, W. I. 

Pinkham. Chas. B. (A. B.), Sacramento, 
Cal. 

Post, Walter, Secaucus. N. J. 

Pulver. Frank A., Torrington, Ct. 

Ricardo, James N.. Passaic. N. J. 

Reynolds, Harry C, Marlboro, N, Y, 

Rogers. Harrv. E. Orange, N. J. 

Schwilk. Elislia T. (A. B.K New York City 

Thomas. Philip C. (.A. B), New Bruns- 
wick. N, J. 

lurner. Keeve. New York Ciiy 

White. lU'iijaiuiii R.. Metidon Centie, N. Y. 

Willis. George S.. Brimklyn. N V 

Westervelt. Marvin 7. , Dover. N. J, 



316 



HISTORY OF HOAICEOPATHY 



1900. 



Adams, Samuel, Jersey City, N. J. 
Bard, George P., Norwich, Conn. 
Bickley, Wm. H. (M. D.), Waterloo, Iowa 
Bingham, Anson H., New York City 
Blauvelt, Wilbur A., Newark, N. J. 
Brewster, Geo. F., New York City 
Broeser, Henry V., Jersey City, N. J. 
Cannon, Geo. E. (A. B.), Jersey City. N. J. 
Coghlan, Jasper W., Jersey City, N. J. 
Cornell, VanAlstyne H., Trenton, N. J. 
Cornwell, Frank W., New York City 
Dearborn, Frederick j\I. (A. B.), New 

York City 
Dieffenbach. Wm. H., Jersey City, N. J. 
Drnrv, Alfred (A. B.), New Brunswick, 
'N.J. 

Gannett, George J., Syracuse. N. Y. 
Hardy, James T., Babylon, N. Y. 
Lund, Frederic A., New York City 
Mead, Walter G., Orange, N. J. 



Morgan, John A., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Ormes, Cornelius F., Jamestown, N. Y. 
Pearse. Edward C, Brooklyn. N. Y. 
Phillips, Robert S. (Ph. B.), New Bedford, 

i\Iass. 
Raynor, George F., Dover, N. J. 
Sanders, Judson C. Port Maitland, N. S. 
Sanders, Herbert C, Port Maitland, N. S. 
Schenck, Erwin (B. S.), Waterloo, Iowa 
Sheldon. Benjamin B., Oswego, N. Y. 
Snell, William M., Theresa, N. Y. 
Stearns, Guv B., Wilmot, N. H. 
Stewart. Ralph A., White Plains. N. Y. 
Stoddard. LeRoy R., Glens Falls, N. Y. 
Thayer. Thomas M., Governeur, N. Y. 
Todd, Clarence M., New York City 
Towne, Herbert L. (A. B.), Williamstown, 

Mass. 
Van Zandt, William M.. New York City 
White, John P., Port Chester, N. Y. 



1901. 



Barker, Caleb, Jr., East Orange, N. J. 
Beers, Merritt I., Middletown, N. Y. 
Beckwith, Sidney A., Yonkers, N. Y. 
Bradley, Allan C. (A. B.), New York Gty 
Coleman, Daniel E. (Ph. B.), New York 

City 
Conklin, Charles R. (M. D.). New York 

City 
Doremus, Widmer E., East Orange, N. J. 
Eltinge, Richard L. (A. B.). Kingston, 

N. Y. 
Fobes, Joseph H., East Orange, N. J. 
Ginnever, Arthur, Brooklyn. N. Y. 
Jenks, Edwin B. (B. S.), Elmira, N. Y. 
Johnson, Edward K., New York City 
Kinne, Brayton E., Antwerp, N. Y. 



Leao, Francisco G. P., New York City 
McKnight, Wm. Clark, New York City 
jNIuller, Joseph "H., Newark, N. J. 
Moore, Samuel B. (A. M.), Peekskill, N. Y. 
Nottingham, Bret, Lansing, Mich. 
Ovens. Ritchie C, Jersey City, N. J. 
Palmer, George F., West Long Branch, 

N. J. 
Perrin, William, Rochester, N. Y. 
Ranken, John F.. Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Sloat, Harrison G., Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 
Smiser, H. Tod, Cynthiana, Ky. 
Tanner, John Stewart, New Orleans, La. 
Upham, Rov, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Wood, Charles F., Brooklyn, N. Y. 



1902. 

Beattie, Joseph H., Warwick, N. Y. 
Broder, Nathan E. (B. S.), New York City 
Boynton, L. R., Lake Side. N. Y. 
Chambers, Merritt G., Glens Falls, N. Y. 
Dalv, Warren C. (A. B.), Muncie, Ind. 
Fowler, William F., Rochester, N. Y. 
Franklin. LeRoy E., New York City 
Hardy, Arthur H., Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 
Hicks, Thomas S., Oswego. N. Y. 
Jevvett, David B. (A. B.). Rochester. N. Y. 
Loizeaux, Edouard S. (M. D.), Plainfield, 

N- J- 
Merscheimer, Christian H.. Jersey City, 

N. J. 

1903. 

Benson, Reuel A. (B. S.), Maine 
Blair, Thomas D. (A. B.), New Jersey 
Cook, Edgar Baldwin, New York 



Moister, Roger Wm., Orange, N. Y. 
Norton, Dana Oliver, Waterville, N. Y. 
Nichols, Frank Irwin, Springfield, Mass. 
Payne, John A., Stoney Point, N. Y. 
Pearse, Richard S. (B. S.), Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Quick, Audley V., Yonkers, N. Y. 
Richardson, Arthur H., New York City 
Rude. Emerson W., Cuba, N. Y. 
Tenojshe, V. Sadashiv (M. D.), Bombay, 

India 
Wiley, Otis Monroe, Syracuse, N. Y. 
Wetton, Charles E., Elizabeth, N. J. 



Datesman, Clarence W.. New Jersey 
Dye. Rev. Royal J.. Michigan 
Ekings, Frank P. (B. S.), New Jersey 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



317 



Fohvell, Judson K. (A. M.), New Jersey- 
Fox, Robert Campbell, New York 
Gaines, John S. (A. M.), Kentucky 
Goode, John Newton, New Jersey 
Ingalls, Orlando D., New York 
Johns, Miles Wendell, New York 
Keeler, Joseph L., Canada 
Kellogg, Edwin W., Montana 
Miller, Edward J., Connecticut 
Mills, Eugene F., New York City- 
Nichols, Walter E. CA. B.), New Jersey 
Paine, Charles E., New York 

1904. 

Beard, \\'ilbur A. (N. D.), New Albany, 

Ind. 
Birdsall, Gregg C, New York City 
Brandt, John Ulrich, New York City 
Cahoon, Joseph H. (Ph. G., M. D.), New 

York City 
Clapp, George. Fairport, N. Y. 
Clapp, Lewis H., New York City 
Cocheu, Lindsley F., New York City 
Dominick, George C, New York City 
Fox. James W., Spring Valley, N. Y. 
Gardner, Frank ]\I., Alexander, N. Y. 
Getman, Volkert L.. New York City 
Hoppeler, Hans (M. D.), Zurich, Switzer- 
land 
Jacqnelin, Sydney S., New York City 
Kaufman, Louis R.. New York City 
Lischner. Hj'man, New' York City 

1905- 

Bingham. Harry V., East Haddam, Conn. 
Birch. Francis A., White Plains, N. Y. 
Collins. William M., New York City 
Conrow. Matthias W. (A. R.). Long 

Branch, N. J. 
Cottrell, Willard. Matawan, X. J. 
Couch, Arthur R., Hartford, Conn. 
Croissant, Charles A., Albany, N. Y. 
Deyo, Charles K.. Poughkecpsic. N. Y. 
DuJican. Charles 11.. Glendalc, Ohio 
Easton, Klwood M., Nt-wark, X. J. 
Foster, Harold A., Putnam, Conn. 



Pettet, Edwin James de Leu, New York 
Pope, Edward Sutphen, New Jersey 
Quinn, William James, New York 
Scott, Sidney L. (A. B.. M. D.), Virginia 
Saylor, Parry Borland, New York 
Thompson, Wm. Campbell, Rhode Island 
Tytler, James Edwin, New York 
Whitney, George W., New York 
Walsh, James, New York 
Wilkes, Arthur Chalmers, New York 
Wood, Clarence Benson, New York 



Mack, Gipson Benj., Wolcott, N. Y. 
Manifold, A. W. Francis (M. A.), Indiana, 

Pa. 
McDuffie, Marshall Wm., New York City 
Perrigo, Willard S., Antwerp, N. Y. 
Potter, Winfred L. (Ph. B.). Homer, N. Y. 
Rieger, Abraham. New York City 
Shedd, Percy Wm., New York City 
Shuttleworth, James E., Jr.. Brooklj'n. N. Y. 
Sm.ith. Frank Edward, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Tallmadge, William H., Jr.. New York City 
Taylor, G. Herbert, New York Citv 
Webster. Carlos G. (B. S.. M. D'). New 

York City 
Wilson, W. Lewis, Rochester. X. Y. 
Wood, Robert Lowell, Brooklyn. X'. Y. 



Fryer, Olin J., Greenwich. X. Y. 
LaField, William A.. Bridgeport. Conn. 
Mitchell. Frank B.. Norwich. Conn. 
Muncy. William .^^, Babylon. X. Y. 
Nattrass. Robert B.. Hoboken. X. J. 
Oberbeck, August F. G. E., Hoboken. X. J. 
Sanders, Harold A. (B. S.), Brooklyn, 

N. Y. 
Sayre, Harry C. Warwick. N. Y. 
Sibley. Charles T., Gloucester. Ma-^s. 
Strachan. David C, East Orange. X. J. 



318 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



CHAPTER X 

SOUTHWESTERN HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL. 
By A. Leight Monroe, M. D., Dean. 

The first meeting of those interested in the estabhshment of a homce- 
opathic college in Louisville at which anything practical was accomplisheil 
took place in the office of Dr. Allison Clokey, April 14, 1892. 

Louisville had contained successful homoeopathic physicians for some- 
thing like forty years before this time, the pioneer, so far as present informa- 
tion goes, among the eminent men of this faith in this city being Dr. Edwaid 
Caspari, who did a large practice during the years succeeding the war, and 
still later established a successful water cure a few miles from the city. 
Later on Dr. Charles Breyfogle and Dr. H. H. Koehler established them- 
selves in Louisville. Dr. Breyfogle, about 1870, removed to San Jose, Cal, 
his health having failed. He afterward became mayor of his adopted city 
and died some years later. 

Dr. William Breyfogle, a younger brother, succeeded to Dr. Charles 
Breyfogle's practice and formed a partnership with Dr. R. W. Pearce, then 
a recent convert from the allopathic ranks. This firm did an extensive busi- 
ness, probably the largest in the city, for many years. Dr. Breyfogle, during 
the seventies became president of the American Institute of Homoeopathy, 
and retired in 1885 to look after large business interests, which had gradu- 
ally absorbed his time and attention. Dr. Pearce is still practicing at an 
advanced age, and Dr. H. H. Koehlfer, after a most honorable and successful 
career, is still living, though quite feeble. 

These preliminary observations are made before proceeding with the 
subject of our present chapter for the express purpose of introducing the 
names and something of the lives of the old heroes who fought the early 
battles of homoeopathy in the writer's native city, and who blazed the way 
for their successors and made a clientele and a sentiment which enabled the 
founders of this institution and seat of learning to succeed in their praise- 
worthy endeavor. More than that, these names should have a conspicuous 
place in a history that will live to perpetuate homoeopathy. In addition to 
this, most of the organizers and incorporators of this new college had been 
the students, the friends and the patients of these old heroes. Blessed be 
their names and memory. 

At the time the Southwestern was organized the homoeopathic doctors 
of Louisville were H. H. Koehler. J. W. Klein. R. W. Pearce. Chester 
Mayer, Allison Clokey. A. G. Smith. Adam Given, S. B. Elliott and A. 
Leight Monroe; the state association had just been organized with a small 
membership. At present there are between twenty-five and thirty homoe- 
opathic physicians in Louisville, and almost every town and hamlet of the 
state contains one or more of our alumni. The average attendance upon 
the meetings of the state association has grown to between fifty and sixty. 
Our strength was sufficient to bring the necessary influence to bear on the 
state legislature in 1903 to have a bill presented before that body by the 



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320 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

State Board of Health so altered and amended as to change all of its inim- 
ical features. 

The meeting of x\pril 14, 1892, was attended by Drs, Given, Monroe, 
Pearce, Smith, Elliott and Clokey of Louisville; Dr. C. P. Meredith of 
Eminence, and Dr. G. O. Erni of New Albany, Ind. (across the river from 
Louisville). At this meeting a charter was drafted, modelled after those of 
the New York and Philadelphia colleges, with an endeavor to incorporate 
the best features of each. This charter was passed by the legislature the 
following winter, incorporating the Southwestern Homoeopathic College and 
Hospital of Louisville, Kentucky. Much credit should be given to Dr. C. 
P. Meredith, then of Eminence, Ky., but now of Louisville, for work done 
in accomplishing this end. This institution was made into a stock company 
with a capital stock of twenty thousand dollars, which has since been in- 
creased, and the expense of the first course was met largely by assessments 
upon the stock. The first college home was at No. 635 Sixth street, in a 
large commodious old building which had formerly been a residence. 

Credit for the organization of the college should be given to Drs. Alli- 
son Clokey and Dr. Adam Given more than any other men, for they worked 
early and late, most indefatigably, in the face of every discouragement, and 
the luke-warmness of their colleagues, many of whom thought the move- 
ment ill-advised at that time, owing to the alleged superior facilities offered 
in St. Louis, Chicago and Cincinnati to students of homoeopathy. Dr. Clo- 
key became the first registrar of the college, and Dr. Given the first treas- 
urer. Neither lived very long after the college was organized, but both sur- 
vived long enough to see it fairly launched upon its career. The first course 
was given in 1893-94, and the members comprising its faculty during that 
term with the chair held by each, as near as is now known, were as fol- 
lows: 

Adam Given, Louisville, theory and- practice of medicine. 

J. A. Lucy, Frankfort, and C. P. Meredith, Eminence, materia medica. 

R. W. Pearce, Louisville, obstetrics. 

A. Leight Monroe, Louisville, gynecology. 

G. O. Erni, New Albany, Ind., anatomy. 

W. G. Bayless, Louisville (removed from Knoxville, Tenn.), surgery. 

Allison Clokey. Louisville, physiology. 

J. T. Bryan, Shelbyville, paedology. 

George Troutman. Louisville, eye and ear. 

Dr. Sarah Millsop, Bowling Green, Ky., hygiene and sanitary science. 

A. G. Smith, clinical medicine. 

Judge James H. Bowden, Louisville, medical jurisprudence. 

Among the board of directors at that time the following laymen were 
of material assistance in placing the college upon a firm financial basis : Mr. 
August Scheffel, president of board of directors ; Mr. S. W. Norman, and 
Mr. J. H. Dunn. 

During the two years immediate])' succeeding the organization of the 
Southwestern, the faculty and friends of the college kept busily at work 
trying to obtain for it a foothold in the Louisville City Hospital, for the 
eclat and clinical facilities which would accrue through such an acquisition. 
This was readily accomplished in April. 1895, as everything at that time 
favored the movement. The mayor, Hon. LTenry Tyler, was one friend, his 
mother having been a homceopathic patient, and the board of safetv, com- 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



321 



prising Hon. Charles Wilson, [Mr. D. E. O'Sullivan and Mr. Robert Tilford, 
all being in full sympathy with the homoeopathic school of medicine. The 
board of safety of Louisville was that part of the city government which 
had and still has charge of the city's institutions. 

In April, 1895, our efforts were crowned with success, and the South- 
western was given a standing in the city hospital, on the same footing as the 
four allopathic colleges of the city, so that we were given an interne and 
every fifth patient that entered the institution, and were allowed weekly 
clinics in its amphitheatre the vear round. As this hospital is probably the 
largest one in the south, with five hundred beds, the clinical advantages thus 




A. Lci^lu Alunroc. M. D. 

obtained added to those of the college hospital, obtained tor us uiuisual clin- 
ical advantages. As tlu-re are now five alU>pathic colleges in the city, we at 
present obtain one-sixth of the clinical material entering tlie city hospital. 
Init as the city's growth in the meantime has been nK»st rapid, our tpiota of 
patients has not been reduced in the least. There is also a llourishing negro 
college in Louisville at this time, making the city a great medical centre, 
with sevi'n medical colleges in lull operation. Siveral months ago the 
Woman's Club of I.onisville. an organization that ever imlustriously :uul 
conscientiously looks after ilu' wi'lfare of the city's interest, from a feminine 
stand|>oint, took np tlu Mibjret of educational facilities otl\'red by the city, 
and appointed a iiuiiiIh 1 ic npdii on medical education. Ibe member .^^o 



322 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



appointed was a woman allopath physician, and her report, to the amuse- 
ment and consternation of the wives of several homceopathic physicians who 
(the wives) are members of the organization, began as follows: 

" Louisville contains five white medical colleges, a negro college and 
a homoeopathic college." 

In the spring of 1903 the board of directors of the Southwestern was 
lortunate enough to embrace the opportunity of buying at a very mod- 
erate cost a building much more suitable for their purposes at the corner of 
Floyd and Walnut streets, so the present term finds us occupying our own 
property, a larger building, and one more favorably located for obtaining 
clinical material, and distant only one square from the City Hospital. At 
present we are holding one clinic each day at our own college, one clinic 
each week at the City Hospital, and our students are admitted also to the 
clinics of the allopathic colleges. At this institution the hospital fee for 
tlie year is five dollars. 





C P. Meredith, M. D., President. 



A. A. Clokey, M. D. 



The present board of directors of the Southwestern is composed of 
these members: Dr. C. P. Meredith, president; Dr. H. L. Lott, secretary; 
Dr. George S. Coon, A. B., treasurer ; and S. M. Norman, Dr. H. C. Kassel- 
man, Dr. A. Leight Monroe, Dr. G. O. Erni, Dr. J. E. Mann and Dr. J. T. 
Bryan. 

The members of the board of counsellors are Drs. Grace Brown, Minnie 
C. Dunlap, Sarah J. Millsop, M. C. Clokey, A. P. Latham, J. Stevenson and 
J. A. Young. 

The faculty chairs at the present time are filled as follows : 

A. Leight Monroe, M. D., dean. 

J. T. Bryan. M. D., registrar. 

C. P. Meredith, M. D., professor of theory and practice, of clinical med- 
icine, and lecturer on materia medica. 

H. C. Kasselman, M. D., professor of physical diagnosis and diseases 
of the chest. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



323 



E. J. Wunderlich, M. D., professor of paedology, sanitary science, and 
hygiene. 

H. L. Nott, M. D., professor of mental and nervous diseases. 

J. H. Baldwin, M. D., professor of theory and practice; and lecturer on 
prinicples of surgery. 

A. Leight Monroe. M. D., professor . of materia medica, clinical gyne- 
cology, and orificial surgery. 

J. T. Bryan, M. D., professor of obstetrics, embryology, and clinical 
paedolog}'. 

G. S. Coon, M. D., professor of surgery and surgical gynecolog}', and 
lecturer on surgical anatomy. 

G. O. Erni, ]\I. D., professor of physiology and histology, and lecturer 
on minor surgery. 





George S. Coon, M. D. 



Adam Given, M. D. 



F. C. Askenstadt. M. 1)., professor of pathology and bacteriology, ami 
demonstrator of ])hysical diagnosis. 

0. F. Miller, M. 1)., ])rofessor of chemistry, toxicology and urinalysis. 
Hon, C. A. Wilson, j)rofessor of medical jurisprudcnco. 

J. E. Mann, M. D., professor of ophthalmology, ntnlngy. rhinologv .md 
laryngology, and lecturer on nervous diseases. 

R. W. Pearce, M. D., emeritus professor of obstetrics. 

Sarah J. Millsop. M. 1)., emeritus professor of sanitary science. 

Edward ll-r/ir. M. IX. emerilus professor of paeilolog\ . 

M. Dills, .M. I)., eiiurit'-is professor of surgery. 

'ihe corps of ailjiuuts, associatis. lecturers and assistants may be meti- 
tioned as follows : 

]'.. 1'.. .Smith, M. I), associate professor of theorv and practice. 

1. C. Mitcbell. .\I. I)., U'ctiuer on urinal\sis and to\ieoloi;\, . 1. ,ti ;,:il 
therapeutics, and demonstratoi- of anatomy. 

C. !•:. Nb-llwaiii, I). M. IV, M . M., K'cturer on .lental Mn-ei\, 



324 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



Cora K. Loughridge, M. D., assistant demonstrator of anatomy. 

P. Alvin Neff, M. D., lecturer and demontrator of bacteriology, and 
lecturer on anatomy. 

S. E. Stanley, M. D., lecturer on skin and venereal diseases. 

C. P. ^Meredith, Jr., Ph.D., lecturer on pharmacology. 

M. E. Hopkins, M. D., lectur.er on chemistry and laboratory assistant. 

Hosf'ital Dispensary Staff. M. E. Hopkins, physician in charge ; clin- 
ical medicine, daily, Profs. Wunderlich, ]\Ieredith and Hopkins ; operative 
surgery. Prof. Coon ; diseases of children, Prof. Bryan ; gynecology, Prof. 
Monroe : ear, eye, nose and throat. Prof. Mann ; nervous diseases. Prof. 
Lett; physical diagnosis. Prof. Askenstadt. 

City Hospital Staff. G. S. Coon, J. T. Bryan, visiting surgeons; H. 'M. 
Clendennin, F. C. Askenstadt, visiting physicians ; G. O. Erni, J. H. Bald- 
win, consulting surgeons ; C. P. Meredith, P. A. Xeff, consulting physi- 





J. T. Bryan, M. D. 



G. Oscar Erni, Ai. D. 



cians ; A. Leight Monroe, consulting rectal surgeon and gynecologist ; H. L. 
Lott, consulting neurologist ; E. J. Wunderlich, paedologist ; J. E. Mann, 
ophthalmologist ; L. V. Williams, resident physician from class of 1904. 

In addition to those previously mentioned, the following physicians have 
occupied professional chairs in the college since it was organized : Dr. G. 
W. Redman, died at Indianapolis, Indiana, in December, 1894; Dr. James 
A. Young. Hopkinsville, Ky. ; Dr. H. S. Kellar, Frankfort, Ky. ; Dr. J, M. 
Higgins; Dr. Chester Mayer; Dr. E. H. Milton; Dr. T. H.^ Hollinshead ; 
Dr. Mortimer H. Brown and Dr. Lamphear. 

Most of these physicians resigned their chairs because of .removal from 
the city. Dr. Mayer, who held the associate chair of theory and practice for 
several years, resigned because a state law was passed that no member of 
the state board of health should be connected with any college of medicine, 
and Dr. Mayer was and still is the homoeopathic iiu'inltcr nf that board in 
Kentucky. 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 



325 



A medical law passed by the legislature in 1904 provided that the state 
board of health, which is also the state board of medical examiners, should 
contain three allopathic, one eclectic, one homoeopathic and one osteopathic 
physician, and the examination of candidates applying for a license to prac- 
tice must be held by the member representing their respective schools. 

This narrative would not be complete did it fail to mention the Ladies' 
Homoeopathic League, formed about 1894, for the purpose of assisting in 
carrying on the charitable work of the college, and which by its contribu- 
tions made through charitable bazaars, solicitations by canvassing commit- 
tees, and personal contribution, was of material aid to the college in its 
early years in carrying on its work among the sick poor of Louisville. 

The Southwestern has been and still is doing a good work, a missionary 
work among the people who formerly knew little of homoeopathy. Our 
students and hospital internes are making friends for the cause among the 
other students of this great medical center, and among the other internes 





John 11. Raldwin, M. 1). 



Edward Hei/cr. M D 



of the City Hospital; and it is not an unu.sual thing for stmlcnts of the L>iher 
colleges to take a course with us and end as staunch homaH^iiatlis. This 
work is done among southern men and women who would not otiierwise 
have their attention called to it. Many women have come to us in the past 
because the other colleges did not take female stuilents. Two of our alum- 
nae occupy ijositions as resident physicians in state insane asylums, the law 
requiring that fine of tlu- three as.sistant physicians of each of such institu- 
tions shall be a woman. Tlu- following extract taken fri>m the catalogue of 
1900 and 1901, is fairly descriptive of the work which is being done at our 
dispensary and hospital: "In ad<lition to tliis." says the catal»\gue, "we 
have our own ln^pital and clinics at the college, where last sessi«ui hundreds 
of patients were treated. More than one hundred cases were treated at their 
homes, necessitating 675 visits by the out-statT, composeti of seni»>r students. 
Twenty-four of these were obstetrical cases. Total lunnber of dispensary 
prescriptions was .^575. Phis docs lutt include the cases at the ho>pital. 
where ;i l.irgc nnuilier o| major operations weri- performed, eight of which 



•32 G 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



were laparotomies, four hysterectomies, two mammary amputations, including 
removal of axillary glands, and one for floating kidney. There were eleven 
minor operations on patients in the hospital, and a large number on patients 
who did not remain in the hospital. This statement does not include the 
work done by our staff and interne at the City Hospital. 

" We are pleased to say that in all the number of patients treated, and 
all the operations performed, there were but two deaths and those of tuber- 
culosis, in the last stage, when admitted. We feel assured that no institu- 
tion on the continent can make a better showing. Our faculty is full, and 
all are enthusiastic in their labors and indefatigable in their efforts to ad- 
vance our students in all branches necessary to a successful practice of their 
profession. And while every member of the faculty recognizes the impor- 
tance of keeping fully abreast with the best modern thought as to our pro- 





M. Dills, M. D. 



11. C. Kasselnian. M. D. 



fession. all are full\- imbued with faith in the law of similia, and our aini 
and effort is to teach homoeopathy and to send out from our school Ivomce- 
opathic physicians. 

" Students can live as economically here as in any city in the land, good 
board being obtainable at from $3.50 per week, up. Therefore, in making 
a choice of a school, consider the central location of Louisville, its accessa- 
bility from every section of the country, our splendid city hospital, our un- 
rivalled clinical facilities, the excellent corps of teachers in our college, who 
teach the truth of homoeopathy, and, last, our mild climate. All these induce- 
ments ought to influence you to come to the Southwestern Homoeopathic 
College." 

In this connection it may be said that the faculty of the Southwestern 
comprises the homoeopathic staff and teaching force of the Deaconess's Home, 
an infirmary and nurses' training school of much prominence in Louisville 
medical circles. 

For more than ten vcars the Southwestern Homncopatliic Meilical Col- 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



827 



lege of Louisville has filled an important place in the medical history of that 
city, and its influence and good works are known and appreciated by the 
people of the entire commonwealth of Kentucky. Its total graduates in the 
profession of medicine number less than one hundred, yet in Kentucky and 
the great South they are men and women of acknowledged worth, faithful 
exemplars of the principles evolved and promulgated by Hahnemann in Eu- 
ropean countries just a little more than one hundred years before Allison 
and Clokey and Given and their associates and fellow workers set about the- 
somewhat difficult task of establishing a college of homoeopathic medical in- 
struction in the metropolitan city of Louisville. Like the founder of their 




Jesse E. Manii, M. D. 

school of medicine, they too were compelled to face opposition and many 
obstacles, but in the end their work was accom])lished and the Southwestern 
became something more than institution in name; it became a fact, and more 
than that, it became a known ([uantity in an already noted medical center. 
It has kept step with the times in the march of medical progress, has always 
stood for the best and most advanced methods both in didactic anil clinical 
instruction, and to-day it ranks with the foremost institutions oi its kind 
in the west and southwest. Ilu' iduumi of the institution always have felt 
a distinct pride in the success of alma mater, and ever have been loyal in 
their support of wb.itever would brst promote her welfare. Though coin- 
p.-ii;itivcly few in innnlici-, llic\ mv nrv'tTllu-less strtMiu; in rcA\ and Indus- 



328 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

trious in the performance of good works for the atlvancement of the interest 
of the institution whose diploma they boast. 

ALUMNI LIST. 

1894 Jackson. Sally Jeffersonvillc, Ind. 

1894 Smith, deceased. . 

1895 Higgins, C H Sonora, Ohio 

189s Records, J. N Frankhn, Ind. 

1896 Fagley, Ida. t • •„ t^ 

1896 Fageley, Sarah Louisville, Ky. 

1896 Murphy, Sarah A Louisville, Ky. 

1896 Pinkert, William Louisville, Ky. 

1896 Spencer, George B Carlisle, Ky. 

1897 Allen, George Louisville. Ky. 

1897 Bennett, Lell Louisville, Ky. 

1897 Williams, Miss S. M Louisville, Ky. 

1897 Baldwin, John H Jeffersonvillc, Ind. 

1897 Blake, Charles W Athol, Mass. 

1897 Campbell. Edward Carlisle, Ky. 

1897 Pollard, Charles J Princeton, Ky. 

1897 Reis, Mrs. C. M. 

1897 Saunders, D. R North Vernon, Ind. 

1897 Whitlow, Dollie Hodgeville, Ky. 

1897 Young, L. O Cobb, Ky. 

1898 Brocksmith, Louise, deceased. 

1898 Clokey, Mitchell .Huntington, Ind. 

1898 Hudson, Cora ^. . . . Evansville, Ind. 

1898 Keisker, Laura ....'. Boston, Mass. 

1898 Miller, J. Louise Henderson, Ky. 

T898 ^laddox, J. H ' Shelbyville, Ky. 

1898 Mcder, Florence Hopkinsville, Ky. 

1898 McCaffrey, J. D Pittsburg, Penn. 

1898 Milton, Ellis H Mt. Eden, Ky. 

1898 Neff, P. Alvin LouisvUle, Ky. 

1898 Stanley, E. M Louisville, Ky. 

1898 Peck, F. E Midway, Ky, 

1898 Smith. A. S Mt. Vernon, Ind. 

1899 Armstrong, W. F Henderson, Ky. 

1899 Dunlap, Mrs. M. S Lexington, Ky. 

1899 Loughbridge, Cora B Louisville, Ky. 

1899 Schenck, Nellie Rugby, Tenn, 

1899 Wadlington, J. B Princeton, Ky. 

1900 Clendeiinin. H. M Louisville, Ky. 

1900 De Mavcn, Frederick Louisville, Ky. 

1900 Stanley, S. E Louisville, Ky. 

1900 Latham, A. P Vine Grove, Ky. 

1900 Garrison, W. S Gentry viile, Ind. 

1901 McCullough, Milta Louisville, Ky. 

1901 Stevenson, Joseph Louisville, Ky. 

1901 Badertscher, G Louisville. Ky. 

1901 Bleiweiss, M. H Louisville, Ky. 

1901 McCoy, S. C Louisville, Ky. 

1901 Meredith. Edward Louisville, Ky. 

1901 Nevins, G. T Herrodsburg, Ky. 

1901 Nevins, Sue Herrodsburg, Ky. 

1901 Vollmer, John Brazil, South America 

1901 Fish, C. A Frankfort, Kv. 

1901 Phillips, C. C Owcnsboro. Ky. 

1902 Dowell, C. S Bowling Green, Ky. 

1902 Mclntire, J. R Carlisle, Ky, 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 329 

1902 Miller, O. F Vine Grove, Ky. 

1902 Neel, W. V ^ Henderson, Ky. 

1903 Connor, J. W Louisville, Ky. 

1903 Dailey, H. G Owingsville, Ky. 

1903 Schanzenbacher, A. L Rosine, Ky. 

1903 White, A. S De Gonia Springs, Ind. 

1903 Posey, G. O. 

1904 Betow, Emma J. (missionary) China 

1904 Askenstadt, Lillian S. (Bryan) Louisville, Ky. 

1904 Hopkins, Mary E lx)uisville, Ky. 

1904 Williams, L. V. 

1904 Kokomoor, H. A Dale. Ind. 

1904 De Vasher, L. H . . . . ; " Glasgow, Ky. 



.330 



HlSToFn' OF HOMCEOPATHY 



CHAPTER XI 

KANSAS CITY HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICAL COLLEGE. 
KANSAS CITY HAHNEMANN MEDICAL COLLEGE. 
KANSAS CITY HOMOEOPATHIC HOSPITAL. 
By William Davis Foster, M. D. 

KANSAS CITY HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICAL COLLEGE. 

This mstitution was legally chartered under the laws of Missouri, ]\Iay 
19, 1888, and was the successor of the Kansas City Hospital College of j\Ied- 
icine, organized 1882, first class graduated in 1883. 

Several of the incorporators of Kansas City Homoeopathic Medical Col- 
lege were members of the board of trustees and of the medical faculty. The 
board of trustees was named in the charter, and at the first meeting of the 
board was appointed a medical faculty ; advisory board and hospital staff. 
By-laws were adopted for the government of the board and also for the 




^>i«W."!!'!!' ■*'■*! "l""'':^'*.''!' **' 



Kansas Cily Homoeopathic Medical College. 



government of the faculty. At the time this college was organized the laws 
of Missouri required only two years of medical teaching upon which a 
diploma was issued by the institutions of the state. Medical teaching in 
Missouri prior to that date was conducted in an irregular and haphazard 
way ; requirements for matriculation were not well defined and many stu- 
dents entered college whose literary acquirements were low. Thus it came 
about that some of the matriculants were poorly equipped for the study of 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 331 

medicine, and in consequence of the lax methods of teaching received diplo- 
mas from the medical colleges of this state and entered the practice of med- 
icine not highly fitted for their work. Kansas City Homoeopathic Medical 
College opened the first regular course of lectures October i, 1888, and the 
session continued until the last of March, 1889. A preliminary course of 
lectures beginning on September 15 was held, being clinical and didactic, 
and introductory to the regular course. The students prior to entering were 
examined as to their qualifications. The requirements were a preceptor's 
certificate that he possessed a good moral character and was otherwise quali- 
fied for the study of medicine. He must give evidence of a good education 
• — evidenced by a diploma from some literary or scientific college or some 
high school or academy, or a county or state teacher's certificate, or the cer- 
tificate of examination from any accredited medical society. The student 
without such diploma or certificate must pass a satisfactory examination in 
elementarv mathematics, English composition, elementary physics and natu- 
ral philosophy. 

The candidate for graduation must be at least twenty-one years of age. 
of a good moral and professional standing: he must have studied medicine 
for three years, and during that time should be the private pupil of a legally 
qualified practitioner of medicine. The candidate must have pursued the 
course of study required by this institution, including one course of practical 
anatomy. He must have attended two courses of lectures, no two held in 
one and the same year, the last of which must have been in this college. 
Students who have attended either one or two terms of other accredited 
colleges must present satisfactory certificates of graduation or else pass exam- 
ination for the corresponding term of this institution. They will then be 
admitted to the final examinations for the degree upon completion in this 
college of the remaining term or terms of the required two years' course of 
study. Graduates of other accredited medical colleges may be admitted into 
the graduating class upon complying with the rules governing students who 
have attended one or two terms in any other accredited college. A candidate 
for graduation must have taken the lecture course regularly and he should 
not have" absented himself except on account of illness or other reasons of 
unavoidable character. In any full term the absence in any event must not 
have exceeded one month in the aggregate. The final examinations will be 
conducted in private by each professor and the voting in each case shall be 
by ballot. A rejected candidate will not be permitted to apply for graduation 
until he has attended another course of lectures. 

The course of study included anatomv. physiology, materia medica. prin- 
ciples and practice of medicine, phvsical diagnosis, neurology, diseases of 
children, surgery, obstetrics, gynecology', eye and ear, pharmacy and clin- 
ical medicine. Four students were graduated at this term. The sessions of 
the college were conducted regularlv for each year, beginning about the 
middle of September and closing the last part of Starch. 

Tn the year \^c)Ci the faculty was enlarged by the addition of chairs on 
diseases of the chest, histology anrl sanitary science, orificial surgery, diseases 
of children, medical chcmistrv. toxicology and microscopy, pharmacv, med- 
ical jurisprudeiice, and oral and dental surgery. 

Tn the spring of i8()2 the state board of health of MisstMiri required that 
colleges in this state in addition to didactic teaching should pnnido facilities 
for laboratory \\orl-: :»nd (U'MK^nstr.itions. With a view [o nu-et these hitrhei 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 333 

requirements the faculty found it necessary to seek better and more com- 
modious quarters. In order to accomplish this a building company was 
• formed consisting of some of the members of the governing faculty of the 
college, who purchased land and set about the erection of a suitable building 
for the college. The building was completed and occupied bv the college at 
the session which opened September 20. 1892. It contains an amphitheatre 
capable of seating one hundred students, recitation rooms, chemical, histo- 
logical and bacteriological laboratories, dissecting rooms, executive offices, 
etc. The building is lighted by gas and heated by steam. Prior to this time 
the clinics of the college had been steadily growing from vear to year. After 



'1 







D. S. Stcpliciis. i). 1). Chiuiccllor. 

the occupation of the new building a great impetus was given to the clinical 
teachmg, and the attendance and the material lor clinical instruction was 
tound to be ample. At this session of the college in deference to the require- 
ments of the American Institute of Homaopathv the course of studv was 
enlarged to four years and the curriculum included the following branches: 
Latin, physics, botany, inorganic chemistrv, comparative anatoinv. phvsi- 
ology, biology, organic and medical chemistrv. pharmacv and toxicologv. 
hygiene, histology, microscopy, i^atluigenesev, surgerv, materia inedica. theory 
and practice, general pathology, obstetrics, pediatrics, dennatologv, genito- 
urinary diseases, orificial surgery, special i^atiiologv and therapeutics, neu- 
rology, mental diseases, gynecology. oi)lithalm(.l.--v. ..|ol,.ov. I;ir\iu>olorrv and 
medical jurisprudence. 



334 HISTQRY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

The faculty which was appointed at this time is that whose untiring 
efforts and faithful services gave to. the college whatever reputation it may 
have secured, and was as follows : 

Mark Edgerton, M. D., dean ; materia medica and therapeutics. 

S. C. Delap, M. D., registrar; ophthalmology, otology, laryngology. 

William Davis Foster, M. D., principles of surgery, clinical and oper- 
ative surgery. 

L. G. Van Scoyoc, M. D., orificial surgerv and minor surgery. 

J. F. Elliott, M. D., obstetrics. 

A. E. Neumeister, M. D., treasurer; gynecology. 




Moses T. Runnels, A. IL, l[. D., Dean. 

Charles S. Elliott, Al. D., principles and practice of medicine. 

J. W. Cartlich, M. D., clinical medicine. 

W. L. Ray. M. D., anatomy. 

E. R. Heath, M. D., chemistry and toxicology. 

G. A. Dean, M. D., diseases of children. 

J. C. Wise, Ph.G., pharmacy. 

P. F. Peet, M. D., genito-urinary and venereal diseases, 

W. F. Lyons, Esq., medical jurisprudence. 

The teaching faculty was from }ear to year enlarged and strengthened 
by the addition of new chairs and lecturers, and the teaching of the school 
was in every way elaborated. The college continued to prosper, securing an 
increasing number of students in attendance from year to year until 1898, 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



335 



at which time certain differences arose in the faculty as to the policies of the 
institution and at which time certain factional interests took definite shape, 
resulting in the gradual decline in number of students and eventually in the 
practical dissolution of the Kansas City Homoeopathic Medical College. The 
last session of this institution was held in 1901-1902. At this time the Kansas 
City Homoeopathic College was consolidated with the Hahnemann Medical 
College. A complete list of the alumni follows : 



ALUMNI KANSAS CITY HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICAL COLLEGE. 



1896 
1897 
1897 

1899 
1899 
1893 
1894 
1895 
1899 
1891 
1898 
1893 
1893 
1899 
189s 
1897 
1896 
1900 
1898 
1896 
1897 
1893 
1892 
1899 
1895 

1897 
1900 
1900 
1 891 



1898 

1897 
1804 

1889 
1898 

1891 
1892 
rSr)8 

i««>4 
iK()5 



Allcutt, Carrie D., Kansas City, Mo. 

Andruss, Edward, Holden, Mo. 

Antrobus, Frank B., Jeflferson City, 
Mo. 

Ap Lynne, G. E., Kansas City, Mo. 

Baker, E. O., El Dorado, Kan. 

Ball, James, Malvern, Kan. 
*Bell, Frank, Kansas City, Mo. 
*BeIl, Nellie, Fremont, Neb. 

Benthack, P. L., Platte Center, Neb. 

Black, C. D., Akron, Mich. 
*Blair, W. M., Wilsey, Kan. 

Billings, Robert A., Ord, Neb. 

Boland, John T., Kansas City, Mo. 

Booth, L. R., Valley Falls, Kan. 

Boutin, Edith C, Independence, Mo. 

Bowes, Charles C, Springfield, 111. 

Brady, John J., Kansas City, Mo. 

Brown, Amy E., Adrian, Mo. 

Brown, Herbert A., Kansas City, Mo. 

Brown, Samuel J., Perry, Oklahoma. 
*Christy, Ella B., Ida, Kan. 

Clark, Rolla M., Minneapolis, Kan. 

Cline, Parmelia A., Kansas City, Mo. 

Clothier, S. H., Independence, Mo. 

Colburn, Jefferson M., Kansas City, 
Kan. 

Collins, Helen M., Springfield, 111. 

Collins, R. T., Kansas City, Mo. 

Connell, W. A., Kansas City, Mo. 

Cookingham, Dorwin A., Holton, 
Kan. 

Cowles (Parry), Fanny, Argentine, 
Kan. 

Cowles, John V., Argentine, Kan. 

Cullum, Arthur B., Freeman, Mo. 

Dart, Jennie M. 

Dassler, P. H., Griswold, Iowa 

Dean, G. A. (M. D.), ad eu., Kansas 
City, Mo. 

De War. Hugh M., Greene, Iowa 

De Wolf, F. L., East St. Louis. Ill 

Dilzlcr, R. v., Kansas City. Mo. 

Doane, H. C, Kansas City, Mo. 

Dunlap, Frank, Osawatomie, Kan. 

Fasley, l^ora, Newton, Kan. 

Edgiiiton, Artlmr L., Indian I'crri- 
tory 



1893 
1896 
1890 
1896 



1898 
1898 
1898 



* Deceased. 



Ellsworth, Ana E., Emporia,. Kan. 
Emmett, Edith A., Kansas Cit>-, Mo. 
Enz, Elizabeth E., Kansas City, Mo. 
Freeborn, G. E. P., Waterbury, Conn. 
Friesen, Julius, Mountain Lake, 
Minn. 
1896 Fryer, Harry AL, Kansas City, Mo. 

1895 Gates, Wm. J., Kansas City, Kan. 

1896 Gilstrap, H. Preston, Washington, 
Kan. 

Goldman, D. N., Clifton, Kan. 
Goodsell, Aletta, Kansas Citv. Mo. 
Grant, H. M., Pleasant Hill, Mo. 
Green, Mary J., Los Angeles, Cal. 

1893 Greno, Raphael, Pittsburg, Penna. 

1899 Guggenheim, L. C, Kansas City, Mo. 

1897 Guver, Caroline P.. Kansas Citv, Mo. 

1889 Hall, B. F., Concord, Ohio 

1896 Hancock, Avery C, Manhattan, Kan. 
1896 Hancock, Mary B.. Manhattan, Kan. 

1894 Henry, Samuel D., Excelsior Springs, 

Mo. 

1890 Hickey, Eliza J., Chanute, Kan. 

1891 Horton, Warren H.. Belmont, la. 
1893 Hough, Harry H., Osawatomie, Kan. 

1898 Howell, E. P.. Galena. Kan. 

1898 Humphrey, J. B., Kansas City, Mo. 

1900 Isaac. Elizabeth, Mt. Ridge. Kan. 

1895 Isaac, Susie, Altona. Manitoba 
1900 Leland, W. Marie, Clyde, Kan. 

1896 Littlefieid, Chas. W., Alexandria, 

Ind. 

1899 MacLeod. D. R., Rilev. Kan. 

1898 Martin (Clothier), Marv E.. Deer 

Creek, Okla. 
1S94 Matchett, John, Suninicrfiold. Kan. 
1807 Matzke. Samuel, Warsaw. 111. 
1898 Melchers, F. W., Sr., Seneca, Kan. 

1900 Melchers, F. W.. Jr.. Hanover. Kan. 
1893 Mcintosh, Jas. W., Excelsior Springs. 

Mo. 
iS(>S Martin, John T., Deer Creik. Okla. 
iS<)t) Mills. Earnest P.. Olathe. Kan. 
i8o() Miller. Robert P.. Greenfield. Li. 

1896 Muller, Ilennaim R.. Colon. N'cb. 

1897 Nevitt, Rollin R , Stanberr>', Mo. 
1X98 * Nolan. J. Helen. Kansas City. Mo. 
i8tx) Norris. 1*2. l.eora. Kansas City. Mo. 
iStw Orear. V. IV, Biitii-r, Mo. 

iS>)<) Ott, Chas W , Hanover. Kan. 



336 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

1895 Peet, Antoinette, Kansas City, Mo. 1897 Starry, Clark N., Louisburg, Kan. 

1892 Peet, P. R, Kansas City, Mo. 1895 Stewart, Jas. C, Kansas City, Mo. 

1895 Potterf, Fannie L., Kansas City, Mo. 1900 Texley, Andrew, Rosedale, Kan. 

1897 Putnam, Carolyn E.. Kansas City, 1897 Theilmann, Emil, Fulton, Mo. 

Mo. _ 189s *Todd, Virgil L. (M. D.), ad eu., 

1892 Radley, Jas. K.. Kansas City, Mo. Kansas City, Kan. 

1891 Rav, W. L., Fulton, Mo. 1898 Van Fossen, L. B., Kansas City, Mo. 

1897 Reid. John M., Freeman, Mo. 1890 VanMeer, Wm. H., Valley Falls, 

1893 Richert, Peter, Goessel, Kan. Kan. 

1894 Royer, Simon W., Hillsboro, Kan. 18S9 Vosburg, Mathew D., San Antonio, 
1897 Ruhl, Noah B., Edmunds, Okla. Tex. 

1900 Ruhl, A. M., Enid, Okla. 1897 Wherry, Curtiss A., Ogden, Utah 

1897 St. John, Chas. H., Kansas City, 1897 Wiens, Peter. Jansen, Neb. 

Kan. 1900 Wilson, G. H., Concord, Ohio 

1891 Schoor, Edward, Garden City, Mo. 1895 Wineteer, M. Ellis, Earned, Kan. 

1895 Seeger, Andrew H., New Ulm, Minn. 1896 Wise, J. C. ,(M. D.), ad cii., Kansas 
1^5 Spencer, Mabel, Kansas City, Mo. ' City, Kan. 

1889 Stafford, M. A., St. Louis, Mo. 1897 Wolff. Albert H., Joplin, Mo. 

1895 Starcke, Andrew H., Kansas City, 1880 Yingling, W. A. (M. D.), ad eu., 
Kan. Emporia, Kan. 

KANSAS CITY HAHNEMANN MEDICAL COLLEGE. 

In the spring of 1896 the College of Homoeopathic Medicine and Sur- 
gery of Kansas City University was incorporated under the laws of Missouri. 
This is an institution of the Protestant Methodist church located in Kansas 
City, Kansas. The first announcement of this college was issued in the 
summer of 1896, and the session began September 15th of that year, and 
closed March 10, 1897. A teaching faculty was installed and the sessions 
were held in rented buildings up to the time of consolidation with Kansas 
City Homoeopathic Medical College in 1902, at which time the institution 
became known as the Kansas City Hahnemann Medical College. 

FACULTY — 1904-1905. 

D. S, Stephens, D. D., chancellor. 
Moses T. Runnels, A. M., M. D., dean. 
B. B. Andrews, M. D., registrar. 

W. H, Jenney, M. D., emeritus professor of mental and nervous dis- 
eases. 

Moses T. Runnels, A. M., M. D., and E. M. Perdue, A. Al., M. D., pro- 
fessors of pathology. 

E. H. Merwin, M. D., H. A. Barber, M. D.. and Frank Elliott, M. D., 
professors of obstetrics. 

J. T. Boland, M. D., professor of clinical medicine. 

William E. Cramer, M. D., Lloyd G. A'an Scoyoc, M. D., and Frank 
Elliott, M. D., professors of gynecologv. 

Clay E. Coburn, B. S., M. D., H.'E. Young, M. D., and J. F. Mitchell, 
M. D., professors of anatomy. 

John A. Parker, M. D., H. E. Young, M. D.. and J. F. Mitchell, M. D., 
demonstratofs of anatomy. 

Andrew H. Starcke, M. D., Luther W. Welsh, A. M., M. D.. and Tom 
R. Gammage. M. D., professors of physiology and embryolog}'. 

George A. Dean, M. D., professor of clinical diseases of children. 

W. J. Gates, M. D., and Earnest P. Mills., M. D.. professors of physical 
diagnosis. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



337 



Mark Edgerton, M. D., T. H. Hudson, ^I. D., William Maclay Lyon, 
M. D., and Earnest P. Mills, M. D., professors of materia medica and thera- 
peutics. 

Joseph Lufif, M. D., Carolyn E. Putnam, M. D., Elizabeth E. Enz, 
M. D., Luella Z. Rummel, M. D., and H. S. Miner, M. D., lecturers on 
materia medica. 

Joseph M. Patterson. :\I. D.. O. et A. Chir., and H. F. Fisher, M. D., 
O. et A. Chir., professors of ophthalmology, otology and laryngology. 

E. K. Thompson, ]\I. D., and John J. Edic, A. M., ]\I. D., professors of 
the principles and practice of medicine. 




\V. II. Jcniiey, M. D. 

William A. Forster, M. D., and Moses T. Runnels, A. M.. M. D.. pro- 
fessors of surgery and surgical anatomy. 

H. P. Gilstrap, M. D., lecturer on minor surgerv and emergencies. 

Solon T. Gilmore, A. B., LL.D., and j. 11. Kooglcr. Ph.B.. M. P., pro- 
fessors of medical jurisprudence. 

B. W. Lindberg, Pli.d., M. D., professor of chemistry, toxicology and 
urinalysis. 

William Maclay Lyon, M. ])., professor of diseases of the stomach and 
intestines. 

Charles Ott, A. M.. M. IX, professor of physiological materia medica 
and dermatologv. 



338 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 



P. F. Peet, M. D., professor of genito-urinary and venereal diseases. 
E. M. Perdue. A. M., M. D., professor of histology, microscopy and 
bacteriology. 

Earnest P. Mills, M. D., professor of diseases of children. 
B. B. Andrews, M. D., professor of theory and practice of medicine and 
surgery. 

U. S. Houghland. D. D. S., lecturer on stomatology and professor of 
crown and bridge work- 
Charles S. Elliott, M. D., and Luther W. Welsh, A. M., M. D., profes- 
sors of mental and nervous diseases and medical electricity. 




Wm. Davis Foster, M. D. 



Lloyd G. Van Scoyoc, M. D., professor of orificial surgery. 
J. C. Wise, M. D., professor of pharmacy. 

D. L. Wallack. D. D. S., M. D., lecturer on medical terminology. 
Charles Ott, A. M., M. D., professor of sanitary science. 

ALUMNI OF KANSAS CITY HAPINEMANN MEDICAL COLLEGE. 



1904 Allen, Charles E., Kansas City, Mo. 
1901 Anderson, Charles L., Kansas City, 

Mo. 
1904 Andrews, B. B. (M. D.), Kansas 

City, Mo. 
1899 Blaine, V. B. (Orcar), Coal, Mo. 



1902 Bash, Carolyn S., Des Moines, la. 
1897 Bradley. Virginia A., Edgar, Neb. 
1900 Bremen, M. Napier, Hillsboro, Kan. 
1900 Bird, Arthur A., Rich Hill, Mo. 
1904 Bloesscr, Lawrence, Kansas City, 
Mo. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



339 



1903 Brooke, James F., Slater, Mo. 
1901 Brooks, Lida B., Denver, Colo. 

1901 Brower, Asher A., Topeka, Kan. 

1902 Bungardt, Carl S., Kansas City, Mo. 

1903 Cady, Frances A., Hutchinson, Kan. 
1903 Carter, Lew A., Kansas 

1903 Coleman, Wm. O., Sarcoxie, Mo. 

1899 Coburn, Clay E. (B. S.), Kansas 

City, Mo. 

1900 Church, M. L., Quincy, 111. 

1904 Clark, William R., Sprague, Mo. 

1901 Clark, T. J., Castleton, Kan. 

1904 Colby, Helen G. (Ph. D., M. D.), 
Hutchinson, Kansas 

1902 Cowhick, Rebecca A., Kansas City, 

Mo. 
1904 Crutcher, Lewis P. (M. D.), Kansas 
City, Mo. 

1898 Martin (Clothier), Mary E., Vera, 

Kan. 

1899 Doane, Florence E., Kansas City, 

Mo. 
1904 Dean, George A. (M. D.), Kansas 
City, Mo. 

1902 Dodson, John F., Missouri 
1894 Dease, Jennie M., Barill, India 

Forster, Wm. A. (M. D.), Kansas 

City, Mo. 

1903 Fuller, Silvies S., Laredo, Kan. 

1903 Gammage, T. R., Kansas City, Mo. 

1901 Gibson, Bartel W., Kansas City, Mo. 

1902 Harms, Albert, Clatonia, Neb. 

1900 Irvin, George E. (A. B.), Kansas 

City, Mo. 
1902 Keeton, Rudolph B., Missouri 

1901 Kinley, Clarence E., Kansas City, 

Mo. 

1902 Koogler, John H., Kansas City, Mo. 

1904 Legg. Chas. Edwin, Kansas City, 

Mo. 

1902 Lindberg, Bernard W. (M. D.), 

Kansas City, Mo. 

1903 LufF, Joseph, Independence, Mo. 

1904 Pyon. Wm. Maclay (M. D.), Kansas 

City, Mo. 
1902 Mahaffay, Andrew D., Cheyenne, 

Wyoming 
1901 Mather, Joseph, Lamoni, Iowa 
1901 Maxsnn, Ira L., Castleton, Kan. 
1901 McCov, Charles D., Independence, 

Mo.' 
1901 Miller, D. W., Blackwell. Okla. 



1903 Miller, Enoch M., Springfield, Mo. 
1901 McF"arland, S. B., Fair Play, Colo. 
1901 Mooney, Belle, Kansas City, Mo. 
1900 Metzner, Alice P., Kansas City, Mo. 
1900 Molton, Edgar A., Afton, Iowa 

1900 Mitchell, J. F., Kansas Cit>-, Kan. 
189Q Northrup, John F., Soldier, Kan. 

1904 Northrup, Fred D., Galena, Kan. 
1904 Nelson, Chas. R., Valley Falls, Kan. 

1901 Nelson, Geo. E., New Windsor, Colo. 

1901 Farker, E. E., Williamsport, Ind. 
1904 Perdue, E. (M. D.), Kansas City, 

Mo. 

1903 Puckett, Gladys C, Wichita, Kan. 

1904 Puckett, Chas. F., Wichita, Kan. 

1902 Parker. John A. (D. D. S.), Kansas 

City, Mo. 
1897 Reed, Elmer E., Independence, la. 
1901 Reid, M. E., Eureka, Kan. 

1903 Reynolds, Oscar H., Winfield, Kan. 
1903 Richardson, Ira F., Fremont, Neb. 
1903 Robinson, Samuel F., Indian Ter. 

1903 Riddle, Cordelia A., California 

1904 Schellenberg, Katherine L., Buhler, 

Kan. 
1904 Starcke, Bernard, Kansas City, Mo. 

1903 Schoor, Albert H., Garden City, Mo. 
1901 Seymour, Sylvia, lola, Kan. 

1901 Smith, Wm. H., Kansas City, Kan. 
1901 Smith, D. E., ad eu., Kansas City, 

Kan. 
iQoi Smythe, Jay B., Holton, Kan. 

1904 Thinius, Laurie C. Kansas City, ivlo. 
1895 Wagner, M. E. W., Kansas City, 

Mo. 
1903 Williams, R. A. (A. B.), Kansas 

City, Mo. 
1903 Welsh, L. W. (A. M.), Kansas City, 

Mo. 
1901 Wegman, Wm. M., Polna Hill, Neb. 

1901 Wallick, D. L. (D. D. S.). Denver, 

Colo. 

1902 Wilhelm, L. R. (M. D.\ Kansas 

City 

1902 Woods, S. (D. E.), Council Grove. 

Kan. 
1901 Vaniada, Sigern (M. D.), Tokio, 

Japan. 
1901 Youngman, Chas. L, Kansas City, 

Kan. 

1903 Young, Herbert E, Kansas City, Mo. 



KANSAS CITY IIOMOEOPA 1 11 U' IIO.^I'ITAI. 

A circular in (In- fallow iiii;- tcrm.s explains itself: 

Kansas City, Mo.. Jiuic 15. iS8t). 
Dear Doctor: 

The Jlomaopalliic Hospital of this city, so long talked about, is now 
here, and to stay. To start this iiistitntinu and insure its success, the hoimt- 



340 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

pathic physicians of the city have been meeting weekly since May i, 1889. 
The majority of them have subscribed to the hospital fund from $5.00 to 
$10.00 each per month for one year. Those physicians who have not sub- 
scribed to this Avorthy cause are expected to do so at once. Surely everyone 
can do something for its advancement. 

The ofificers who have been elected are as follows : president, H. C. 
Baker, *M. D. ; vice-president, C. O. Olmsted, *M. D. ; secretary, Moses T. 
Runnels, M. D. ; treasurer, Henry A. Barber M. D. ; finance committee : 
Moses T. Runnels, Al. D., T. H. Hudson, M. D., and Samuel H. Anderson, 
M. D. 

A new house at 13 15 Lydia avenue has been rented at $40.00 per month, 
exclusive of water rates, for the hospital until better location can be secured. 
Dr. H. A. Barber has been appointed custodian of the building. The Tabitha 
Peaconess' Society wall supply the hospital with a matron (a trained nurse) 
and an assistant — providing room and board are furnished for them and the 
matron is paid $4.00 per week. This proposition has been accepted. Dr. 
Pauline E. Canfield* and other charitable ladies will furnish the male and 
female poor wards. 

The Kansas City Homoeopathic Pharmacy Company will furnish free 
of charge medicines for the hospital. 

It is expected that every homoeopathic physician in the city will endorse 
this institution heartily, and lose no opportunity to obtain money for its 
endowment. If all will do this, the homoeopathic hospital will be the- largest 
and best furnished hospital in the city in another year. The hospital immC' 
diatelv needs donations. It must at once be furnished and in order that you 
may know exactly what is needed, a list of requirements of each bed is here- 
with given. 

Donations should be reported at once to Dr. H. A. Barber, 1659 Madison 
avenue. Call upon your patrons for contributions of money, furniture, kitchen 
utensils, bed clothing, linens, towels, etc. No time is to be lost. 

Let all the homoeopathic people know that gifts of money from five 
cents and upward, according to the financial ability of the givers, will be 
very thankfully received and daily recorded. Until further notice the homoe- 
opathic physicians will meet weekly. 

Fraternally, 

Moses T. Runnels, M. D., Secretary. 

In accordance with this announcement the hospital was opened soon 
afterwards, and the work was conducted with considerable success for sev- 
eral years. Later on the management of the hospital was assumed by the 
Kansas City Medical College ; much good work was done and the cause of 
charity was largely forwarded by the efiforts of this hospital. Its financial 
affairs, however, became involved, and in about 1893 ^^^^ hospital was closed. 

Later on the Homoeopathic Hospital and Training School of Kansas 
City was opened by Mrs. Bertha J- Dockson, on August 20, 1899, and incor- 
porated under the laws of the state of Missouri January 16, 1900. Since 
that time the hospital has received 910 patients — 453 men, 14 boys, 433 women 
and 10 girls. There have been 27 deaths, 11 of the patients being moribund 
at the time of admittance to the hospital. There have also been 24 births. 
The hospital has 16 rooms and 22 beds. There have been 6 women graduates 
from the training school : Mary Lambert. Violetta Chaney and Bertha J. 
Dockson, 1902; LilHe Swanson, 1903; Myrtle MacDonald and Lottie Carr, 

1904- 

* Deceased. 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 341 



CHAPTER Xn 

HAHNEMAXX MEDICAL COLLEGE OF CHICAGO. 
By Howard R. Chislett, M. D., Dean. 

The Hahnemann Medical College of Chicago was incorporated in 1855 
and graduated its first class in 1861." 

The first written reference to the founding of this institution is the fol- 
lowing sentence published in the transactions of the local Homoeopathic So- 
ciety for the years 1849 and 1850: "Your committee thinks that the time 
is not yet ripe for the establishment of a Homoeopathic College in Chicago." 
In spite of the decision of this committee the idea kept brewing and in 1852-3 
we find that Dr. E. A. Guilbert of Elgin drafted a charter for the estab- 
lishment of a- homoeopathic school. Owing to the violent opposition of old- 
school physicians, the bill providing for this charter was never presented to 
the legislature. It was so successfully pigeon-holed that when in 1854-5 Dr. 
David S. Smith went personally to Springfield to urge its passage no trace 
of the bill could be discovered. Dr. Smith, with the aid of J. Young Scam- 
mon, and, if reports may be relied upon, under the supervision of Abraham 
Lincoln, had a new charter drafted, presented by friends to the legislature, 
and granted on February 14, 1855, giving to The Hahnemann Medical Col- 
lege " all rights, privileges and powers which may have been, or may at 
this time be, conferred upon or enjoyed by any medical institution heretofore 
or at this time incorporated by an act of the legislature of this state, shall 
be taken and enjoyed by this institution, said institution to be placed upon 
as favorable a footing in all respects as the most favored medical institution 
heretofore or at this time incorporated bv an act of the legislature of this 
state." 

The first faculty was organized at a meeting of homoeopathic physicians 
held at Halsey and King's pharmacy, 168 South Clark street, on the evening 
of March !> i860. There were present at this meeting Drs. G. E. Ship- 
man, A. E. 'Small, J. L. Kellogg, N. F. Cooke, G. D. Beebe, A. Pitney, E. 
Rawson, J. Davis. S. Seymour, A. K. Boardman and R. Ludlam. 

Dr. Shipman was chosen chairman and Dr. Ludlam secretary of the 
meeting. After an explanation of the objects of the meeting by the chairman 
and the reading of the charter by the secretary, Dr. Ludlam offered a resolu- 
tion to the effect " that the time liaving arrived for organizing for a course of 
medical lectures, we hereby proceed to the nomination of a faculty." The 
resolution was adopted, the first faculty elected being as follows : 

A. E. Small, M. D., dean and professor of theory and practice. 

R. Ludlam, M. D., professor of physiology and pathology; registrar. 

G. E. Shipman, M. D., |)rofessor of materia medica. 

H. K. Boardman, M. D., professor of surgery. 

G. D. Beebe, M. P., professor of anatomy. 

N. F. Cooke, M. D., professor of chemistry and toxicology. 

J. L. Kellogg, M. D., professor of obstetrics .md gynecology. 

George Pays<in, l*!s(|.. lecturer on medical inrispnidence. 




Hahnemann rvlcdical College — Second Home. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



343 



Dr. David S. Smith was recommended as president of the board of 
trustees. 

The trustees and faculty secured rooms over the pharmacy of Halsey 
& King, 1 68 South Clark street, and began preparations for the first course 
of lectures. The formal opening of Hahnemann Medical College occurred 
in October, i860. There were twenty students in attendance, nine of whom 
were in the junior class and eleven in the senior class. The course was of 
five months' duration, the order of lectures being as follows : 



A. M. 


Monday [Tuesday 


Wednesday Thursday Friday . 


Saturday 


9 
10 
II 
M. 
12 

P.M. 
3 
4 


Shipman 
Kellogg 

Beebe 

Ludlam 


Shipman 

Small 

Cooke 

Beebe 

Ludlam 
Boardman 


Small 
Kellogg 

Medical 
Clinic 


Shipman 

Small 

Cooke 

Beebe 

Ludlam 
Boardman 


Shipman 
Kellogg 

Beebe . 

Ludlam 


Small 
Cooke 

Surgical 
CHnic 
Boardman 



The commencement exercises of the class of 1861 were held at Metro- 
politan hall, February 14, at 3 o'clock P. AI., the degree of doctor of med- 
icine and surgery being conferred upon the eleven members of the gradu- 
ating class. Forty persons were present in the audience. 

A description of these college rooms may be best given in the words of 
the late Dr. T. S. Hoyne, who attended a part of the first course of lectures : 
" The only lecture room was about 12x20 and was arranged to seat when 
crowded about forty students. By encroaching upon the speaker's stand, a 
small table on a raised platform, some ten or twelve visitors could be accom- 
modated. Adjoining this very capacious lecture room was a dispensary about 
8x10, containing a small medicine case or dispensary table and chairs for 
three or four patients, the usual number in attendance when there were any 
at all. The dissecting room was a small cupboard hole in which it was 
barely possible to dissect two subjects at the same time. The wl\ole third 
story of the building and the greater part of the second were at the disposal 
of the faculty, but the small rooms mentioned were partitioned off and were 
deemed amply sufficient to accommodate the necessities of the class." 

The college retained its quarters in this building until 1866. the number 
of students in attendance gradually increasing (except for the session of 
1863-4) until the total number in 1865-6 was fifty-nine, the graduating class 
numbering twenty-six. It may be noted that even during its first years the 
value of clinical instruction was recognized. Drs. Reebe and Rawson. who 
had been conducting a private dispensary, offered it to the college for clinical 
purposes. The dispensary hours were from 3 to 4 in ihe afternoons of 
Wednesday and Saturday, Drs. Boardman and Beebe being the attending sur- 
geons and Dr. Ludlam the attending physician. 

During these six years the college met with maiiv successes, many trials 
and some serious changes in the group of strong physicians and surgeons 
forming its faculty. Among the early changes were the resignations of Drs. 
G. D. Beebe and N. F. Cooke. Dr. Bcebe's resignation was for the purpose 
of entering the medical department of the union army during the civil war. 
His appointment was a distinct victory in obtaining recognition for surgeons 
of the homoeopathic school in the army and his services were sufficientlv 



344 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



meritorious to be rewarded by his promotion to chief medical director of the 
Fourteenth army corps. Dr. Beebe returned to college work as professor of 
surgery after completing his army service, soon after which he made a suc- 
cessful resection of 4 feet 10 inches of the small intestine m a woman on 
whom he was operating for a large umbilical hernia. This was believed to 
have been the first successful case of so extensive a resection reported up 
to that time. 

Drs. D. A. Colton and F. A. Lord were appointed to fill the positions 
left vacant by Drs. Beebe and Cooke.- In the summer of 1862 Dr. E. C. 
Franklin, who published the first text book of surgery in the homoeopathic 




Dr. David S. Smith. 

school, was elected professor of surgery. At this time also Dr. Rodney Welch 
was selected to take charge of the department of chemistry, Dr. Lord being 
absent in the army. 

Dr. Shipman was succeeded in the department of materia medica by Dr. 
E. M. Hale in the summer of 1863, professor of clinical medicine being added 
to his title. Dr. A. E. Small was then transferred to the department of ob- 
stetrics and diseases of women and children. The lecture schedule for 1863 
and 4 was as follows : 



I 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



545 



Monday 


Tuesday 


Wednesday 


Thursday 


Friday 


Saturday 


A. M. 


Small 


Colton 




Small 


Small 




10 


Colton 


Cooke 


Cooke 


Colton 


Colton 


Cooke 


II 

P. ^L 


Beebe 


Beebe 


Small 


Beebe 


Beebe 


Beebe 


2 


Hale 


^^ 


Hale 


Hale 




Hale 


3 


Welch 




Welch 




Welch 




7 


Ludlam 




Ludlam 




Ludlam 




8 



Upon the withdrawal of Dr. Smith from active duty in i866 Dr. A. E. 
Small succeeded to the presidency and Dr. R. Ludlam was elected dean. 

Dr. D. S. Smith began the practice of medicine in this city in 1836. As 



nar?!- 




l£l| 


"1 



1 l.iliiHiiKiiiii ;\lf(hc.il College Hospital. 



early as 1S37 and '38 his attention was attracteil io honia'opathy. to which 
after a careful investifjation extending over a period of four or tive years 
he became a comjjiete convert. Dr. Smith was the fountler and tirst presi- 
dent of the Illinois llonueopathic Association, and during his life received 
all the honors that l(K\'d and national societies ccndd confer upon him. lie 
was largely instruniciit.d in scniring llu- lilnral eliartcr of I lahnemaim I'ol- 




Hahnemann Medical College. 



HISTORY OF HO-AICEOPATHY 



347 



lege, was elected to the presidency of its first board of trustees, secured for 
the benefit of the school the first Hahnemann Hospital and was an earnest 
supporter of the institution up to the time of his death. 

During the summer of 1864 Dr. Small retired from the active to the 
emeritus faculty until 1876, when he again took an active interest in the 
department of practice. Dr. A. E. Small graduated in medicine in the early 
thirties and came to Chicago after serving for several years in the Homoe- 
opathic Medical College of Philadelphia and, as before stated, was chosen 
first dean and professor of theory and practice in Hahnemann. Dr. Small 
was elected president of the board of trustees in 1866, a position which he 
filled with dignity until the time of his death, December 31, 1886. He was 
succeeded in the trustees by the re-election of Dr. Smith and in the depart- 
ment of me(iicine by Dr. H. B. Fellows. Dr. R. Ludlam was transferred to the 
department of obstetrics, diseases of women and children, although he still 
continued in charge of the medical clinic of which his first annual report 
announced the presentation to the class and the treatment of one hundred 
and twenty-two patients, requiring in all three hundred and twenty-five pre- 
scriptions. 

In 1866, the college was moved to 1237 State street, where lecture rooms 
sufficiently large to comfortably accommodate about one hundred students 
were secured. The second home for Hahnemann Medical College is de- 
scribed by Dr. Hoyne as " a dingy sort of place reached by climbing two 
pairs of stairs." The dissecting room was located on the same floor and 
was separated from the lecture room by a single door which allowed the 
foul odors to penetrate every part of the building. Still it was regarded as 
an improvement upon the old location, the dispensary facilities being espe- 
cially improved. 

For five years the college occupied these unpretentious quarters, the 
number of students increasing from 60 to 90 and the graduating class from 
26 to 38. The following lecture schedule for the session of 1867 and 1868 
will not only show the alterations in the faculty, but the changes in the 
methods, the trend of the times being toward clinical instruction. 



A.M. 


Monday 


Tuesday 


Wednesday 


Thursday 


Friday 


Saturday 


8:30 


Small, Jr. 


Small, Jr. 




Small, Jr. 






9:.30 


Small, Jr. 


*HaIe 


Small. "Jr. 


X Small. Jr. 


Small, Jr. 




10:30 


Col (on 


Colton 


Colton 


Colton 


Colton 




II :30 


Cnoke 


Liidlam 


Medical 


Ludlam 


Cooke 


Surgical 


P.M. 






Clinic 






Clinic 


1:30 




Medical 






Medical 


Eve and Ear 


2 :30 


Woodward 


and 


Woodward 


Woodward 


and 


Clinic 


3:30 


Hale 


Surgical 


Hile 


Hale 


Surgical 


at 


4:30 


Mitchell 


Clinic at 


Mitclu-11 


Mitchell 


Clinic .it 


Hospital 






Hospital 






Hospital 





During the early years of its history, at the present time and indeed 

during the whole period of its existence, Hahnemann Medical College has 
been fortunate iti having as its trustees gentlemen of education, of social 
prominence and nf wealth. Without the influence of these gentlemen the 



* On Diseases of the h'.ye. 
X On Diseases of the Ear. 



348 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 



rapid advancement of our institution would have been impossible. Looking 
into the past history of Chicago it would indeed be difficult to select a stronger 
list of names than Norman B. Judd, J. P. Doggett, Thomas Hoyne, J. Y. 
Scammon, Benjamin Lombard, Van H. Higgins, Edson Keith, E. H. Shel- 
don and- Henry M. Smith, air of whom served upon our board. What is true 
of the past is equally true of the present, and we point with pride at such 




Dr. Reuben Ludlam. 



names as H. N. Higinbotham, John J. Mitchell, Erskine M. Phelps, R. R. 
Cable, Henry A. Rust, Chauncy Keep, Henry j. Macfarland and R. T. 
Crane, Jr. They have all been loyal supporters and will continue such. 

In 1870. through the generosity of Mr. J. Y. Scammon, Hahnemann 
Medical College secured its own hospital accommodations. Mr. Scammon 
donated for this purpose some frame buildings located at 2813 Groveland 



HISTORY OF HO^ICEOPATHY 



349 



avenue, under the name '" Scammon Hospital." Brick additions were made 
in 1872 and 1873, providing a fine amphitheatre for cHnical use. This struc- 
ture was partly destroyed by fire in 1883. In its reconstruction it took the 
form now known as " The Xurses' Home," and serv^ed as Hahnemann Hos- 
pital until 1893 and 1894, the year of the erection of our new hospital. 

In 1 87 1 the board of trustees and faculty decided they needed a home 
of their own, and in June of that year the corner stone of " Old Hahne- 
mann " was laid during the annual meeting of the American Institute of 
Homoeopathy in this city. 

TViis building was ready for occupancy in October and for several vears 




Dr. C. H. Vilas. 

proved sufficiently large for the student body, the total onrollment during 
the next six years ranging from 76 to 92. The failure to ocMitinue the rate 
of increase as heretofore was attributed to indifference in the keeping of 
apijointmcnts and lack of intere.st on the part of the members of the faculty. 
This dissatisfaction resulted in i87() in a re-organization oi the facultv and 
the adopting of the motto. "A limiti-d faculty ami better teaching." The 
result was immediate, the total enrollment in i87() being 141 : in 1877. 2» : 
in 187S, 270. and in iS7t). 280. Ilu- i^radnating class increasetl from 40 in 
1876 to 87 in 1880. This tremendous increase in the face of the fact another 
scho<il had been established was certainlv an earnest endorsement of prevail- 
ing methods of conducting the school ;nid an encouragement from the ahunni 



350 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



to those honest, earnest workers who stood by the ship (which others thought 
sinking) and saved it for future generations to enlarge upon and improve. 
All^ honor to Drs. Ludlam, Hall and Hoyne. They are all dead now, but 
their memories are honored by their one-time students, and we rejoice that 
they all lived sufficiently long to round out their useful lives, to prove their 
faith in their former students and supporters and to see their anticipations 
realized in the construction of our group of modern buildings. Without the 
slightest thought of belittling the earnest effort of others, the real power 
behind the throne and the pilot that guided the Hahnemann Medical College 
as it passed through its many trials, was Dr. Reuben Ludlam, its first regis- 
trar, its second dean and its third president. 




Dr. George A. Hall. 

An American by birth, Dr. Ludlam graduated from the medical depart- 
ment of the university of Pennsylvania in 1852. Arriving in Chicago, he was 
at once impressed with the efficacy of homoeopathic medication in the treatment 
of cholera. His investigations led him to admit the new school of practice 
and in the following year he became associated with Dr. D. S. Smith. To 
Dr. Ludlam may be traced the initiative that resulted in the calling of the 
first meeting for the organization; the resolution that pronounced the time 
now ripe for the establishment of a homoeopathic medical college; the main 
force and energy and judgment that moulded the policy of the institution 
for the twenty-five years of his deanship; the chief influence that made for 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



351 



clinical instruction and the determination to admit women on an equal foot- 
ing with men. Dr. Ludlam received every honor the American profession 
could bestow upon him, and will always be remembered as a gentleman, as a 
scholar and as the forernost gynecologist and editor of his day in the homoe- 
opathic ranks. 

To Dr. George A. Hall, who came to Chicago in 1872, and entered the 
college faculty in '74. is also due great credit for his loyalty and energetic 
work in^ the trying times of 1876-7, during which years he lectured upon three 
subjects besides conducting his surgical clinics. Up to the day of his resig- 
nation in 1888, Dr. Hall was a tower of strength in the college. His positive 



v-TH.^^ 




)r. II. B. Fellows. 



manner, his magnetic inlUicnce upon the students, his great surgical ability 
shown in his enthusiasm as a didactic as well as clinical instructor, and his 
willingness at all times to help a student who would help himself, are charac- 
teristics that will never be forgotten by his one-time stuilents ami friends. 

For the twenty-two years Hahnemann Medical College occupied the old 
building at 2811-13 Cottage Grove avenue, the educational proj^ress of the 
institution was uninterrupted, the policy of raising the matriculation require- 
ments as well as the standard of medical education Ining strictly adiiered 
to. This was one of the first western colleges to insist upon the three \ ears' 
course, anrl also ainonii llu- ImsI to adopt and livr up {y^ the lati-st rules of 



352 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



the American Institute of Homoeopathy and the IlHnois state board of health 
in demanding four years of at least seven months each. 

Upon Dr. Ludlam's election to the presidency in 1891, Dr. H. B. Fel- 
lows, who for five years had been in charge of the department of practice, 
was chosen dean. Dr. Fellows served the college faithfully in this capacity 
until ill health compelled him. to relinquish all college work. He was suc- 
ceeded in the deanship by Dr. Charles H. Mlas, who had been active head 
of the eye and ear department since 1881. 

Dr. Vilas served three years as dean and one year as president of the 
board of trustees, resigning in 1900 on account of ill health. He now shows 




Dr. E. Stillman Bailev. 



his continued interest in the college bv his generous ccmtributions to the 
library. " ' ' , 

Dr. E. Stillman Bailey had already in 1884 succeeded Dr. Hoyne as reg- 
istrar, a position which for ten years he filled with great satisfaction to both 
faculty and students. Dr. Bailey entered the teaching corps of Old Hahne- 
inann as adjunct to the department of physiology soon after his graduation 
in 1878, introducing into the curriculum the first course in clinical microscopy 
and thus laying the foundation for our modern laboratory courses. As in- 
structor in physiology, professor of gynecology and registrar, Dr. Bailey did 
much for Hahn(,'mann for twenty years. At the end of this service he was 
unanimously elected dean of the college faculty, a position which he filled 




I lie \r\\ I>ui|iliiiH> 



354 



HISTORY OF HOAICEOPATHY 



with honor and dignity until overwork forced him to resign. In 1900 he 
was elected a member of the board of trustees. While not an official at the 
present time, Dr. Bailey is still actively engaged in college work, one of the 
oldest and most respected members of the faculty, senior in the department 
of gynecology and the one to whom the writer is indebted for much of the 
information contained in this sketch. 

The new college building, our present home, was completed in 1893, and 
the new hospital in 1894. These events were duly celebrated by the men 
who had waited and worked so many years for them. Of course, there were 
mistakes made in their construction and possibly too little thought for the 




Edward :\I. Bruce, M. D. 

future growth of the college, but they indeed seemed like palaces when they 
were finished, and stand now as monuments to the cause of homcEOpathy and 
to the energy and loyalty of the men who made Hahnemann Medical College 
the greatest homoeopathic institution in the world to-day. 

When Dr. Bailey resigned from the registrarship. Dr. Joseph P. Cobb 
was selected his successor, and during the six years he retained this office 
and as senior professor of physiology and pediatrics. Dr. Cobb, together with 
Dr. E. M. Bruce, then assistant treasurer and senior in the department of 
chemistry, labored faithfully and successfully for. the betterment of the in- 
struction especially in the laboratory courses. The improved facilities of 
the new college building made these desired improvements possible and the 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



355 



harmonious working of Drs. Ludlam, Vilas, Bailey, Cobb, Bruce and Wilson 
rendered the difficulties of changing from the two to the three and from the 
three to the four years' course far less disturbing than was anticipated. 

In the office of Registrar Dr. Cobb was succeeded in 19CK) by Dr. W. 
Henry Wilson, who was admitted to the faculty as professor of pathology 
and bacteriology in 1899. In both positions Dr. VVilson has done and is doing 
faithful service in the endeavor to adopt a simple business system in the 
office work and university methods in the laboratories. 

Upon the resignation of Dr. Mlas from the presidency, May, 1900, the 
faculty united in the recommendation of Dr. George F. Shears, who for 




W. II. Wilson, M. U. 



many years had been secretary of the Ixuird of trustees, as his successor. Dr. 
Shears entered the teaching corps of iIk- college S(hmi after his interneship 
in Hahnemrinn Hospital in 1881, bccDMiing associated in the department of 
surgery witli Dr. Hall. His advaiicenu-nt was rapid and in 1888. when Dr. 
Hall tendered his resignation, Dr. Shears was placeil in charge of the sur- 
gical department and is entitled to the creilit of introducing into the Hahne- 
mann Medical College and Hospital the modern metliods of aseptic ami anti- 
septic surgery. In addition to the direct service rendered the collego through 
the department of surgery during the past twenty-three \ears. Dr. Shears 
has secured for the cDJlige its intU|)rn(ince as a corporation and its freeilom 
from debt, and the hospital is iniitl)tr<l to him for manv vears' service as 



356 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 

superintendent as well as for securing the largest donation in the history of 
its endowment fund. 

In 1903, Dr. Howard R. Chislett, who graduated in 1888, served one 
year as surgical interne in Hahnemann Hospital and for fourteen years as 
instructor in the department of surgery in the college, was elected dean of the 
faculty with the privilege of appointing an associate with the title " dean for 
the students." For this latter office Dr. Charles E. Kahlke, who since 1895 
has been associated in the department of anatomy and surgery, was selected. 

The present officers, Drs. Shears, Chislett, Kahlke and Wilson, have had 
and are having the earnest support and co-operation of the members of the 
faculty in the attainment of their objects, which may be briefly stated thus: 

1st. The broadening of our educational methods in conformity with 
those of our best universities. 

2nd. The complete utilization of our enormous supply of clinical ma- 
terial. 

3rd. The unifying of the homoeopathic interests in the state of Illinois. 

4th. The living in advance of the demands of the American institute 
and the Illinois state board for higher standards. 

5th. The securing from the state university the recognition to which 
the homoeopathic profession is entitled. 

How well W'C are succeeding in these efforts may be judged from the 
lecture schedule of the present semester and its comparison with those of 
former vears ; from the fact that last year the chief strength of the former 
Dunham Medical College came under our banner ; from the late announce- 
ment that the Chicago Homoeopathic College has joined its strength to our 
own ; from the fact that the alumni associations of these two great institutions 
are rapidly becoming alumni of .Hahnemann and are working for her inter- 
ests ; finally, that our students have increased in numbers and have grown in 
enthusiasm for their alma mater. Long live Old HahnemmmH 

ALUMNI HAHNEMANN MEDICAL COLLEGE. 

'62 Albertson, J. A Cal. '82 Andrews. Sarah W 111. 

'67 Allen, Horace 111. '83 Ackerman, A. C Wis. 

'72 Adams, Charles 111. '83 AUard, Edmund C Wis. 

'75 Adams, Charles H 111. '83 Allard, Lorenzo Kan. 

''77 Ackerman, J Wis. '83 Allured. Arthur W Wis. 

^77 Allen. Ino 111. '83 Andrews, W. W Wis. 

^7 Atkins, Edwin E Wis. '83 Applegate. Grover Taylor N. J. 

>8 Andrews, B. B lU. '84 Ames, C. S Ohio 

'79 Achenback. I. G Wis. '84 Andrews, George Ralph Mich. 

'79 Anmanson, Jno Neb. '84 Ash. Robert Henry N. Y. 

'79 Allen, W. A Minn. '84 Ashley. Thomas W Wis. 

'80 Ackerman. A. W Minn. '84 Aurand, S. H 111. 

'80 Allen, L. L 111. '85 Abbott, Ed^ward Sewall Me. 

'80 Anderson, B. B Mich. '85 Asliby, Sherman 111. 

'80 Andrus, A. P 111. '85 Au.stin, Edson C N. Y. 

'80 *Atwater, J. P 111. '85 Averv, John R Mich. 

'81 Abell, Edward J 111. '86 Adams, Marie E N. Y. 

'81 Allen, Sarah J 111. 'S>6 Anderson, G. Hamlin Kan. 

'81 Arbuckle, George Washington. .Minn. '87 Anderson, Arthur James Kan. 

'81 Atherton. Romeo M Ind. '87 Atkins, Lloyd Rosswell Conn. 

'82 Abbott, Solon Vt. '87 Avery, Mary Elizabeth N. Y. 

'82 Aborn, E. S. (M. D.) Iowa '88 Adams, George Francis N. Y. 

'82 Alexander, E. L Iowa '88 Alexander. George Levi Wis. 

'82 Altman, Louis G.. Ohio '88 Arnold, Romus Ill 



HISTORY OF HO:\ICEOPATHY 



'88 Auringer, Albert E Wis. 'ji 

'89 Ames, James Grant -..Ohio 'j-i, 

'90 Alexander, xA.rnord Iowa '74 

'90 Atwood, Harry A Minn. '75 

'91 Allen, Jacob M *. N. J. '75 

'91 Allen, S. V Ind. '75 

'92 Aiken, John Gale (M. D.) La. '75 

'93 Alexander, J. Lloyd 111. '"/d 

'93 Anthony, Frank H 111. '76 

'94 Almond, Elizabeth A Iowa 'j^ 

'94 Anderson, Phebe Kan. '"/S 

'95 Annis, A. Stillman N. H. '"jj 

'95 Avery. Frederick Torry (B. S., 'yj 

M. D.) 111. '77 

'96 Adams, John F Wash. '-jj 

'96 Ames, Edward Richard Iowa ''/j 

'96 Arnette, Mary M Colo. 'y-j 

'97 Arnulphy, Bernard S. ( .\I. D.)....I11. '-j-j 

'97 Allen, Anna Mav Iowa '78 

'98 Alexander, Walter S Wis. '78 

'99 Atchison, Archie B 111. '78 

'99 Axtelle. Luella E Wis. '78 

'01 Allen, Wm. J Wis. '78 

'02 Appleton, E. G Wis. '78 

'03 Abbott, Clifford J Mich '78 

'04 Ahrens, A. E Hahn. Hosp. '79 

'05 Allis, E. Karl Hahn. Col. 79 

'05 Almfelt, Gustavus Hahn. Col. '79 

'79 

'61 Burnham, N. C 111. '79 

'62 Benham, F. A Ind. '79 

'dZ *Baker, Peter 111. '79 

'63 *Ballard, E. A 111. '79 

'63 Bowen, Geo. W Ind. '80 

'61 Bunker, Joseph 111. '80 

'64 *Beaumont, J. H 111. '80 

'65 Backus. R 111. '80 

'65 *Brandemuehi, Wm 111. '80 

'65 Brandemuehl, Fred 111. '80 

'65 Bull, A. T Ont. '81 

'66 Beebe, E. W Wis. '81 

'67 Bathrich, F. W Mich. '81 

'67 *Boardman, H. E Wis. '81 

'67 Briggs, J. E '111. '81 

'67 Burt, J. A Iowa '81 

'68 *Baker, H. Milton 111. '81 

'69 Baglev. A Mich. 'Si 

'69 Beebe, Albert G 111. '81 

'69 Brown, Darwin T 111. '81 

'69 Bull. Jno Wis. ^81 

'69 Burr, Wm Mich. '81 

'70 Beeson, E. H Wis. '81 

'70 Bell. John H 111. '81 

'70 Bishop. L. A Wis. '82 

'71 Bennett, J. B Kan. '82 

'71 Bcrrick. Iv H Mich. '82 

'■J2 Brown, E. F Mich. '82 

'72 Button. II. P Neb. %2 

'7i Bascom. H. M III. '82 

'7:^ Blackinan. O. B 111. '82 

'73 ♦liollen. Geo Australia '82 

'73 Boulter, Mrs. S. E Iiul. "(>,2 



Breed. G. H 111. 

Brown. C. W X. Y. 

Brooks, Robert W Penn. 

Bailey, Annie E 111. 

Ballard, Laura A. S Tenn. 

Brace, Chas. C Neb. 

*Brugger, Ignatius Penn. 

Bellamy. Alfred S Ind. 

Braun,'j. B. (M. D.) 111. 

Brooks, H. A Wis. 

Bj'ler, Joseph M Ind. 

Baldwin, Henry N 111. 

Barnes, Charles T 111. 

Barrows, Geo. S Cal. 

Beverlv, C. A. (M. D.) 111. 

Branstrup. W. T. (M. D.) 111. 

Brewer, D. (M. D.) 111. 

Brewer, F. B III. 

Bailey. E. S N. J. 

*Baldwin. Mrs. M. E Wis. 

Beals, M. B 111. 

Brown. G. W. I III. 

Brown. Isaac W Mich. 

Brown, E. A Mass. 

Burrows. H 111. 

Baily. Geo. L Mich. 

Baker. M. T •. . Iowa 

^Barker, W. A 111. 

Barrett, J. W Wvo. 

Beebe, Ellen O III. 

Bell. J. A 111. 

Bradley, E. W Wis. 

Briggs, W. S Wis. 

Barker. C. F Me. 

Barr, James Iowa 

Battey, G. S 111. 

Boulter, H. H 111. 

Bradley, L. H Wis. 

*Bret, W. L 111. 

Babington. John Mich. 

Baldwin, Arthur H 111. 

Ballou. P. E Ind. 

Barber, Hiram A Mich. 

Barnes, Addie M Ind. 

Bennett, Alma S Dak. 

Bennett, Gilbert P Dak. 

Benson, Albert M Wis. 

Boyer. Walter N 111. 

Brown. George E. (M. D.) III. 

Brown, Dagmar M Wis. 

Brooks. S. A N. Y. 

Bryant. Zebina Z Iowa 

Burg, Wm. F Iowa 

Baker. Will H Penn. 

Bass. Selw A Vt. 

Boll. Theodore 111. 

Rowermann, Martha A 111. 

Royce. Mary I N. Y. 

Bingham. L. P Ind. 

Brown, Manual J Ohio 

Brown. Alice K Penn, 

Burd. Edwin (M. D.) Iowa 



358 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



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Breckenridge, Mary J Iowa 

Barber, Wm. H Iowa 

Beach, Geo. L 111. 

Beals, Guy W Mo. 

Bear. Hiram Carl Neb. 

Beckner, S. H Ind. 

Beeler, Jerome S . . '. Ind. 

Bishop, Andrew B. {M. A.) III. 

Bishop. Arch Wis. 

Bissell. Daniel Amile N. Y. 

Blakeslee, Lynn K Ore. 

Bonham, John C Wis. 

Boutin. F. J Iowa 

Buckeridge, Isaac (A. M.) Wis. 

Bahsenburg, William .^ 111. 

Barker, Emma, Miss N. Y. 

Barrows, R. M. (M. D.) Utah 

Bastar. William Clay Can. 

Bates, James O Mich. 

Benthall. E. D. W., Mrs Iowa 

*Bettes, James A Mich. 

Boardman, E. William Wis. 

Bowen, E. S ]\Iass. 

Bozarth, Chas. W ^lo. 

Bradv, Edward F Mo. 

Brown, William W N. Y. 

Burroughs, Frank S Wis. 

*Butler, A. S 111. 

Barnes, F. Granville N. Y. 

Bishop, Calvin H Iowa 

Blinn, Francis Gray N. Y. 

Bossard, Clemens Wis. 

Bowers, James H Ind. 

Brien, Daniel H Wash. 

Brown, H. W Mich. 

Brown, S. Francis Mmn. 

Buckley, S. Bvron 111. 

Buckner, E. D Neb. 

Bushnell. George Elmo 111. 

Bacon, Earl ZePhon N. Y. 

Bacon, Sarah E N. Y. 

*Baird. Oscar Marion 111. 

Baldwin, Olive Artemesia Tex. 

Blackburn, Robert A Neb. 

Bouldin, Ira Wicklifif 111. 

Boyd, Mary A 111. 

Bozarth, ' Charles A Iowa 

Brown, William Minn. 

*Babcock, Cyrus M Mich. 

Bain, Robert Chisholm 111. 

Bersuch, Frederick Kan. 

Bollen, Christopher Australia 

Bonham, Alfred N Ind. 

Booth, A. J 111. 

Bossard, Marcus Wis. 

Boyce, Alvin Mass. 

Briggs, Herron Grant Penn. 

Brown, Hannah M., Miss Wis. 

Bryson, Louise Fiske N. Y. 

Bushee, Grant Brayton 111. 

Baker, Frank W Ind. 

Ballinger, John P N. J. 



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Beekman, Jesse H N. J. 

Bittinger, Frank D Minn. 

Blackney, Samuel S. Australia 

Blackwood, Alexander Leslie 111. 

Brant, Hezekiah W 111. 

Brower, Willis A N. Y. 

Backhouse, Anna A Ont. 

Baker, Ambrose E Mass. 

Barf us, Oscar Emil Penn. 

Baright, Julia Stringham. N. Y. 

Beach, Joseph P Wis. 

Becker, Arp 111. 

Boice, John M. (M. D.) Ohio 

Bower, Earnest C 111. 

Boyce, Homer P 111. 

Brown, Marcus Simeon N. Y. 

Busenbark, Lucy M Iowa 

Baldwin, Amos H Mo. 

Bennett, D. Gates N. Y. 

Bingham, Russell Fla. 

Boettcher, Henry Rudolph Kan. 

Boericke. Felix A 111. 

Bothwell, Roy Sunderland 111. 

Brabb. Alice A. (M. D.) Mich. 

Buchtel, Irv'en O Ind. 

Burch, Herbert Corydon N. Y. 

Butler, J. P Mich. 

Baker, Minnie Dell Mich. 

Balmoussieres, Paulin France . 

Barber, Clarence H Mich. 

Bennett, Annette Me. 

Bennett, William Sabin Wash. 

Boynton, Charles Edgar 111. 

Bresee, Charles Harmon N. Y. 

Brown, Frank E Mich. 

Bruce, Edward Malcolm 111. 

Bailey, Walter H Iowa 

Baudry, George Wis. 

Bollen, Percival (M. D.) Australia 

Brown, Plumb, Jr Conn. 

Burdick, Frank O. (Ph. B.)...Wis. 

Bell, IMarcus Rice O'hio 

Bennett, Ruth Parker 111. 

Bentley, William Spencer Mich. 

Bigger, Harriet F 111. 

Block, Robert C 111. 

Bouslough, E. E 111. 

Brown, Lincoln Stotler Penn. 

Brown, Mortimer Houghton. .. .N. C. 

Brown, William Harvey Penn. 

Brown, William T Wis. 

Burdick, A. Lovelle Wis. 

Burkhardt, Anna L Penn. 

Bovee, Richard Wilber Neb. 

Boyer, William R Neb. 

Baker, Fredrica R 111. 

*Bennett, Herbert Me. 

Bentley, James Ogilvie S. Dak. 

Bottorf, Morris Wayne Mich. 

Butchart, Thomas R Can. 

Bickerstaph, Thomas A Penn. 

Burmaster, Paul 111. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



359 



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Beagle, John S Minn. '61 

Beaman, Carroll John .111. '65 

Bergeron, Emma Guillemanx 111. '66 

Boorman, Winifred S. Dak. '(^ 

Bristol, Amanda G 111. '66 

Brown, Alice M. Barlow Ark. '66 

Brown, Lila Eliza Iowa '66 

Butchart, Eugenia May Can. '67 

Bannister, Robert L Ind. '67 

Bartletf, Fred A 111. '67 

Bauder, Clara S Ilh '^j 

Beckwith, Henry M 111. '68 

Beers, Lila Eliza (A. B.) 111. '68 

Bentley, Herbert Mott (B. S.)..N. Y. '68 

Blackmarr, Frank Hamlin (B. S.) '68 

X. Y. '69 

Blj^he, Jennie Voorhees Colo. '69 

Bonnell, Martha A Ind. '69 

Bonnewitz, Orlando R Ohio '69 

Brooks, Everett Hayden Wis. '69 

Brown, E. V. L 111. '69 

Baer, Elizabeth M Penn. '70 

Brown, Frederick R. S Fla. '70 

Brown, Flora Agnes Ore. '71 

Burtnette, Irving E Mich. '71 

Bartlett, Edith V Wis. '71 

Bartlett, Mary E Wis. '71 

Bissell, H. H 111. '71 

Bowker, F. C 111. '71 

Brown, Edna W 111. '-jz 

Brown, Mary T '72 

Bryant, Susannah L Ohio '72 

Bower, Chas. A S. Dak. '72 

Brown, Grace Ky. ''}, 

Burdick, J. R Nebr. 't2, 

Brady, Chas. S Nebr. 'j}, 

Bunning, Daniel E Mich. '74 

Bland, Jno. B Mich. '74 

Blessin, Otto J Iowa '74 

Brockmire, F. A N. Y. '74 

Brown, Laura J '75 

Barker, F. N '75 

Burneys, E. S D. C. '75 

Brad well, James III. '75 

Bower, Curtis E Iowa '7(i 

Bray, Henry T III. 'tj 

Burke, Rob't H Vt. '77 

Baker, Milton H III. '^7 

Beatle, C. A Iowa '77 

Bell, Fred H 111. '78 

Brown, Archibald Ind. '78 

Hose. S. K India '78 

Brown, Laura J Nebr. '78 

Baker. Frank L lo.wa '78 

Bcrgolth, Christine III. '78 

Baker, II. N "70 

Baldwinn, Mabel N '79 

Betby, Rr.bt. J "70 

Brown, Mary T. C '70 

Buss, L. A '80 

Becker, H. E Ilahn. Col. '80 

Boll, W. O il.-.hn. Col. 'So 



Curtis, R. J N. Y. 

Chase, H. Gate 111. 

Chandler, Geo. E Mich. 

Clark, Chas. W Mich. 

Clark, L. E Wis. 

Coggswell, C. H Icwa 

Cowles, Ed Wis. 

Campbell, J. B 111. 

Clark, C. D Mich. 

Cooper, Horace T Iowa 

Coulter, Adrian B Mich. 

Calvert, Wm. J :Mich. 

Canny, F. E. H Minn. 

Clark, E. Willard Wis. 

Cooley, Wm. M 111. 

Carpenter, Moses 111. 

*Chapman, Geo. L Ky. 

Clayton, Allen Benj Can. 

Compton, J. R Iowa 

Cornell, Alb. B ,Mich. 

Cowell. Chas. G 111. 

Carr, Geo. H Mich. 

Cunningham, J. M 111. 

Carter, Levi W 111. 

Clamm, Mrs. M. B Wis. 

Clark, Lauren J Wis. 

Condell, Wilbur R 111. 

Cowell, Geo. E 111. 

Crafts, E. T 111. 

Carlson, O. W Wis.' 

Cheek, Alex. M Tenn. 

Cowell, Miss A. A 111. 

Cowell, Miss L. A 111. 

Clark, W. E Mich. 

Coggswell, Geo. E Iowa 

Currier, L. M III. 

Churchill, Wesley R Wis. 

Corbin, J. L Penn. 

Corning, Geo. A Wis. 

Curtis, Chas. C N. Y. 

Cole, Lewis S 111. 

Cook, Chas. W Ind. 

Coombs, Lorenzo D Wis. 

Cowell, Ettie R III. 

Cattron, Wm. O Ind. 

Cummings, Erastus H Mich. 

Caine, Wm. H Minn. 

Cauch, Robt Cal. 

Cranz, Daniel E Ohio 

Cameron, J. W Wis. 

Childs. A. S III. 

Clements, H. C 111. 

Cook. T. T 111. 

Crandall, J. B Wis. 

Campfield, J. H Iowa 

Cass, L. H III. 

Cole. E. Z Iowa 

Colemon, Isaac N., Jr Mich. 

♦Crandall, C. L Wis. 

Clark. G. E Mich. 

ClencleninR, T. C III. 

Collard. G. W. A . Conn 



360 



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'84 
'84 
'84 
'8s 
'85 
'85 
'85 
'85 
'85 
'85 
'85 
'85 
'85 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'87 
'87 
'87 
'87 



Covey, C. E Mich. 

Crawford, A. K Ont. 

Campbell, Samuel M Iowa 

Carson, J. A Iowa 

Chamberlin, Adolphus E 111. 

Clark, C F Ohio 

Cole, Directus DeForest N. Y. 

Colt, Emily S Mo. 

Cook, Alonzo G Cal. 

Culver, Artie L 111. 

Cushman, B. Viola Mo. 

Carey, Cora E Ohio 

Chase, Warren T Iowa 

Clapp, Eben P 111. 

*Clark, Wesley Orlando Iowa 

Clark, G. Hardy 111. 

Cole, John D N. Y. 

*Collister, John Shaeffer 111. 

Colwell, Ben L 111. 

Copp, Charles H Wis. 

Corey, Jay Mich. 

Cowan, M. W. (M. D.) Kan. 

Cowles, Arthur Henry Iowa 

Cutler, Henry Pliney Iowa 

Chase, Geo. M Mich. 

Cobb, Joseph Pettee (A. B.)...Mass. 

Cole, Beder A Wis. 

Cole, Charles R. (M. D.) Me. 

Coleman, Robert W Mich. 

Constant, William Edward 111. 

Coons, H. N., (A. B.) Ind. 

Curtis, Elliot D Cal. 

Canfield, Pauline E., Mrs Ohio 

Carman, William Burgess 111. 

Cheeseman, William O III. 

Clark, George C 111. 

Cobb, Sheridan G Minn. 

Cornwall, Mrs. Emma J Iowa 

Crawford, Jay J. (M. D.) Penn. 

Creighton, Martha J., Miss 111. 

Cron, John S Iowa 

Cummings, A. W Minn. 

Campbell, Mrs. A. T III. 

Carley. James O. R 111. 

Cole, Edwin Melvin N. Y. 

Colwell, C. E 111. 

Congdon, Clara A 111. 

Cranson, Cassius S Minn. 

Crawford, Katherine M Penn. 

Crissy, William J Mich. 

Gushing, Charlotte W 111. 

Cawthorn, Emma C Dak. 

Charlton, C B. (M. D.) Ore. 

Churchill, Ann Ervilla Wis. 

Clark, Edwin Jay N.' Y. 

Clark, Ella Josephine N._ Y. 

Cramer, Cornelius W Mich. 

Cutler. John W 111. 

Canfield, C. T. (M. D.) 111. 

Carr, Jennie C. (M. D.) N. Y. 

Chaffee, Walter D Mich. 

Colburn, Edgar L Iowa 



'87 



'89 
'89 



'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'91 
"91 
'91 
'91 
'91 
91 
'91 
'91 
'91 
'91 
'92 
'92 
'93 
'93 
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'93 
'93 
'93 
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'94 
'95 
'95 
'95 
'95 
'95 
'96 
'96 
'96 
'96 
'96 
'96 
'96 
'97 



Coon, Ferdinand Wilson III. 

Carolus, William B 111. 

Chapman, E.~ Eldridge Kellogue. .Mich. 

Chislett, Howard Roy Minn. 

Collier, Amy Wilce 111. 

Cramer, William E 111. 

Crandall, Willis A N. Y. 

Caldwell, T. Addison (M. D.)...I11. 

Chamberlain, Andrew J Wis. 

Clark, Nannie C \ 111. 

Clayson, Julia Gregg 111. 

Clement, Webster John Wis. 

Cochrane, T. Clarendon Me. 

Colhns, Clinton DeWitt Wis. 

Cadwell, Chester Tupper.'. Cal. 

*Carpenter, William E N. Y. 

Chipman, Herbert A Wis. 

Conger, Theodore H N. Y. 

Conner, Virgil Walter Ind. 

Cory, Harvey W Ind. 

Covey, Alfred D Mich. 

Crawford, Daniel H W. Va. 

Cronemiller, Mary M Cal. 

Case, Henry W 111. 

Chaney, Edwin N Minn. 

Chidester, Elizabeth Mercer Ohio 

Clemens, Francis Lee (M. D.)..Penn. 

Connett, George C N. J. 

Criswell, Melville H Ohio 

Croft, Richard England 

Cole, William George Mich. 

Crandall, William Henry Wis. 

Cummins, J. Seely N. Y. 

Carson, Louis B.. Iowa 

Cottlow, Benjamin Augustus .111. 

Caswell, Emma A 111. 

Cheatham, Lizzie C Ohio 

Clark, Margaret Vaupel Iowa 

Codington, Maude A Fla 

Culver, G. Sheridan N. Y. 

Cummins, Mary Gamble Iowa 

Carter, Robert Lindsey Mass. 

Carpenter, Frank S N. Y. 

Clapp, Katherine B 111. 

Clark, J. Martin Kan. 

Coburn, John Wash. 

Cole, H. Travers Mich. 

Corpe, Seymour L Ore. 

Cotton, William Dodge N. Y. 

Conrad, Albert Everett Iowa 

Crockett, Ernest P Me. 

Clemenston, Joseph A., Wis. 

Coquilette, William Edgar 111. 

Crary, Eva E S. Dak. 

Camerer, Kent 111. 

Cole, Emmet J Wis. 

Cooke, Clarissa Ellen Ohio 

Crockett, Crete Arnette Colo. 

Croftan, Alfred C. (Ph. D.)...N. Y. 

Cromwell, Lydia Herts Penn. 

Crum, Philip Alfred 111. 

Carr, E. Arthur Nebr 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 361 

'97 Chamberlain, Sarah J. (B. S.)..N. Y. '72 Dodge. M.M Wis. 

'97 Christie-Chandler, Jean AHce ■ 'Ti Delamater. X. B 111. 

(A. B.) Wash. '73 Dietrich, F. A. (M. D.) 111. 

'97 Christensen, Axel Herluf Wis. '74 Dickinson, J. D ..111. 

'97 Clark, Martha E Nebr. 75 Davis, Jno. J. . . . Wis. 

'97 Coles, Margaret Emma N. Y. 75 Donnelly, Geo. K ..111. 

'98 Clark, Stanley A Mich. '75 Dorris, A. H Wis. 

'98 Cole, Sarah A. ( M. D. ) Mich. 75 Duncan, Frank Iowa 

'98 Cook, William Mason III. 17 Daniels, Caroline E ..111. 

'99 Clark, Peter S 111. T7 Daniels, Jas. S Wis. 

'99 Comstock, A. E Minn. '78 Dale, H. B \\ is 

'99 Corey, A. Louise '78 David, J. C 111. 

'99 Crooks, Wm. A 111. '78 Davison, W. M. W Wis. 

'99 Cruzen, J. Lewis 111. '78 Dean, Geo. A 111. 

'99 Cutts, Elmer H 111. '78 Dods, A. W England 

'00 Carey, Geo. H Wis. '78 Dunn, C. N 111. 

'CX3 Clippinger, W. H '79 Denninger, P. G Minn. 

'00 Cook, W. D '80 Daily, C. A Wis. 

'00 Cornell, John W 111. '80 Dawson, J. G Del. 

'00 Crebbin, John T La. '80 Dockstader, A. C Minn. 

'00 Gushing, G. M 111. '80 Donald, Alex Minn. 

'01 Chamberlain, R. W '80 Drake, J. C. M N. Y. 

'01 Clagett, Mary '81 David, Wilbur Fisk 111. 

'01 Cummings, Harrv A Mich. '81 Davis, Arnold C 111. 

'01 Carpenter, Alice P Iowa "81 Dewey, Charles Alfred Wis. 

'02 Coggswell, C. H Iowa '81 Dickinson, Henry W N. Y. 

'02 Carolus, Walter F 111. '81 Dinsmore, C. M. (A. M.. M. D.) 

'02 Chaplin, A. Dewy ^^eb. 

'02 Clapp, Hubert B 111. '8t Donaghue, Elizabeth K 111. 

'02 Coffey, D. Fletcher Kan. '81 *Dow, Duane M X. Y. 

'02 Conklin, W. E 111. '8r *Dunn, Wesley A Ind. 

'02 Cooper. W. A Iowa '81 Dunham, Jas. B Iowa 

'02 Charles, C. H Mich. '82 Delancy, Sheldon Spencer 111. 

'03 Casedy, H.. J Ill- '82 Dresser, Frank E Mich. 

'03 Caruthers, Samuel S '82 Dubois, John W., Jr Iowa 

'03 Chase, Ransom J Wash. '83 Davis, Henry G III. 

'03 Childs, Ed. P Iowa "?,2, Davis, Edward E Tex. 

'03 Chislett, H. G '8.5 Dennis, George Edgar Minn. 

'03 Conger, Guy P 111. '%}, Diessner. Henry Richard Minn. 

'03 Cox. Mattie E 111. '84 Davis, F. S Tex. 

'03 Coffee, Percy E Iowa '84 Dittmar, H. .\ Iowa 

'04 Chapman, W. E 111. '84 Dixon, J. A Ohio 

'04 Corey, Paris V Mich. '85 Downs, James ^I 111. 

'04 Cudworth, Clarence D ^^lass. '85 Duncan, William C Wis. 

'05 Chadwick, Mattie '85 Dunlap, S.. Mrs 111. 

'05 Curtis, Foster J '8=; Dougla«, Charles Irwin Mich. 

'o=? Cousineau. -G. L Halm. Col. '86 Daniels, Joseph N Wis. 

'05 Church, J. L liahn. Col. '^ Davies, Emma J. (M. D.) Nebr. 

'05 Cooper, E. II ll.ilm Col. '86 Dav, Charles Henrv Wash. 

')^y Dickson, Guy Bird 111. 

'61 Dederky, F. F Ala. '86 Dittmer, Martin E Iowa 

'61 Dunscombc. C. S .Wis. '87 Dilliard. Edmund III. 

'62 *Dunn. McCann 111. "^7 Dow, Marana XT., Mrs Wis. 

'66 Duncan, T. C 111. '87 Dow, Nelson L Vt. 

'67 Davis, George III. '87 Dumont, .Annie C, Mrs Penn. 

'67 Dodd, W. F Iowa '87 Duncan. David 111. 

'68 Dennis, J. Deville Mich. "'^■j Dunklee. Harloy Keyos N't. 

'60 Dibble, Leroy Mich. '8^ Dennis. Mary .\ 111. 

'6<) ♦Dorion, Chas. N III. "88 Dick, lulnar G K.m 

'70 Doanc, Gee. II Mich. '88 Dresser. F.. Dell \ N 

'71 Daun, I'.d. I'" Wis. '80 D.infnrth, Mrs. Mary. \iu ■, 

'7.' l),il, l.iriil. Ml 'Sij niiuliam, il.'iirv 1 l.-w.i 



362 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



'89 Durin, James Milton 111. '84 

'90 Davis, Fred H Vt. '84 

'90 DeHaven, Lucie G Cal. '86 

'90 • Deweese, Jean E Cal. '86 

'90 Draper, W. Levell N. Y. '87 

'90 Dunks, William C Mich. '87 

'90 Durkee, Esther Minerva Mich. '87 

'91 Davies, J. Norman Penn. '87 

'91 DeRevere, J. Wendell N. Y. '88 

'91 Douglas, Charles Joseph Conn. '90 

'92 Day, Charles Wesley (Ph. G.)....I11. '91 

'93 Davidson, Mrs. Florence A Iowa '91 

'93 Duket, Peter P Mich. '91 

'93 Duncan, Sarah B Iowa '91 

'94 Dake, Alfred Justin Wis. '91 

'94 Dewing, William H 111. '92 

'95 Davis, Frank A Vt. '92 

"95 deBey, Cornelia B 111. '92 

'95 Decker, Amy Amanda Mich. '93 

'95 Deachman, T. Wilson Can. '94 

'96 Denham, J. F Wis. '95 

'96 Dimon, Robert B Ohio '96 

'96 Dowling, Denny Grace Mich. '98 

'97 Dahl, Gernard Augustin Nebr. '98 

'97 Davis, Harriette H 111. '99 

'97 Dawley, Byron W. (A. B., M. D.) '03 

Ohio '03 

'97 Denman, Ira O Ill '03 

'97 Dickinson, Aimer Edwin Cal. '04 

'97 Dwight, Corydon G 111. 

'99 Davidson, W. C '64 

'99 Davis, Ida P '65 

'99 Dodge, Rufus E '67 

'99 Duffield, Alice V .111. '69 

'00 Davison, L. M 111. '69 

'01 Douglas, Geo. R Mich. '70 

'02 Darnell, H. O '71 

'02 Davis, Delmer L '72 

'02 Downer, Mary A '72 

'03 Denman, Geo. A 111. '74 

'03 Dillon, J. M-. 111. '75 

'03 Downes, A. K 111. '76 

'04 Dillon, J. G N. Dak. '75 

'04 Davis, Geo. D '76 

'05 Doxey, G. L Hahn. Col. 'yj 

'05 Dullam, Grace Hahn. Col. '75 

'05 Denike, G. H Hahn. Col. '7Q 

'79 

'69 Ekles, Thos Ill- '80 

'75 Elliot, L. W Cal. '80 

'78 Edgington, L. L 111. '80 

'79 Eaton, C. W ., Iowa '80 

'79 Edens, Geo ' Ill- '80 

'81 Enos, John W 111. '80 

'81 E.shbaugh, Walter S 111. '81 

'82 Eaton, Samuel Lewis Wis. '81 

'82 Ehle, Hiram B Wis. '82 

'82 Ehle, George Edwin Mich. '82 

'82 Erfort. Theodore 111. '82 

'82 Everett, Edward 111. '83 

'83 Eldred. W. H. (M. D.) 111. '83 

'83 Epps, Franklin England '83 



Eddy, Victor Cooper N. Y. 

Emery, Cora L., Miss 111. 

Eshbaugh, Aaron S 111. 

Emery. Sarah Minn. 

Ehrlich, Henry 111. 

Ertl, Mary S., Mrs Wis. 

Evans, Almus P Kan. 

Ewing, Alice Amelia Wis. 

Ebersole, Joseph R 111. 

Eshelman, G. Cloud Cal. 

Ebersole, Solomon D 111. 

Enos, S. Cordelia 111. 

Enos, Laurens 111. 

Enos, Clinton 111. 

Eskridge, Belle Constant 111. 

Edmonds, Harry M. W Cal. 

Ellis, Jay B. (B. S.) Ind. 

Evans, Arthur W Mo. 

Ewing, Mary L Wis. 

Emmons, C. Arthur III. 

Ellis, John Wallace S. Dak. 

Elkenberry, B. Franklin Ind. 

Ellis, Kate Walton 111. 

Evans, David J. (R. P. H.) 111. 

Eaton, William O Ohio 

Eastman, Eugene H 

Edmund, Clara 

Elmore, Richard R Ky. 

Eaton, Caroline 111. 

Eraser, E. J Cal. 

Fahnstock, A. H Ind. 

Fairbanks, Chas. D 111. 

Flatt, Wm. K Iowa 

Foster, R. N HI- 

Ferguson, Donald Ont. 

Fick, Otto Ind. 

Foster, F. H 111. 

Fowler, S. M Iowa 

Fulton, Frank 111. 

Fisk, Adelbert C 111. 

*Fellows, Isaac Iowa 

Flower, Frank W Iowa 

Foster, Wm. A 111. 

Falk, Herman (M. D.) Tenn. 

Fanning, W. H Mich. 

Fitch, H. P Can. 

French, S. C Wis. 

Fate, J. C Minn. 

Fischer, H HI. 

Flint, E. H N. Y. 

French, Mrs. A. J III. 

Frevermuth, E. G Ind. 

Funk, Miss S. M Ind. 

Farnham, Mary C Ill- 
Fry, Ira H Iowa 

Foss, Warren S Vt. 

Foster, Lysander P Minn. 

French, Samuel Martin 111. 

Faulkner, Albert O Iowa 

Foss, J. Brown 111. 

Foster. John M Penn. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



363 



'83 
'83 
'84 
'84 



'85 
'85 
'85 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'87 



'89 
'90 
'90 
'91 
'91 
'91 
'93 
'93 
'94 
'95 
'95 
'96 
'96 
'96 
'99 
'99 
'00 
'00 
'00 
'02 
'03 
'03 
'04 

'05 
'05 

'66 
'66 
'67 
'71 
'1?, 
'7i 
'74 
'74 
'75 
'75 
'76 
•76 
'76 
'76 
'76 

'77 
'7« 
•78 

'70 



Fouser. Albert Ream 111. '79 

Fr]^, E. Martin Mo. '79 

Fisher, H. F. C Tex. '79 

Foster, Thomas J Ohio '79 

Fuller, Ira Hill Iowa '79 

Farrington, C Kan. '80 

Fellows, Charles Giirnee Wis. '80 

*Fellows, George Wis. '80 

Finley, David M Mich. '80 

Focht, Adam Kan. '80 

Flanders, Alicia Aiken 111. '80 

Fouser, Hiram 111. '81 

Frasch, Geo. F. (M. D.) Ohio '81 

Frink, Charlotte Elvira N. Y. '81 

Fryberger, William Othniel. . . .Minn. '81 

Faulkner, Elmer Ellsworth Nebr. '81 

Finnerud, Hans I\I Minn. '81 

Fowler, Ada A Ind. '82 

Fruit, Walter Elliott 111. '82 

Fuller, Edward M Mass. '82 

Flaws, Emily Short 111. '82 

Foster, Arpin Iowa '82 

Frischkorn, Carl 111. '83 

Fowle, Ella M Tex. '83 

Franz, Ernst Ind. '83 

Foster, Martin D. (M. D.) 111. '83 

Fosdick, Charles M 111. '83 

Forsbeck, Filip A Wis. '83 

File, Elmer Clayton 111. '83 

Fletcher, Sara E Ohio '84 

Forbes, William Olin Kan. '84 

FitzHugh, Julia D Colo. . '85 

Flint, Nellie C 111. '85 

Fish, Henry M La '85 

Flanagan, May L Nebr. '85 

Foster, Fred'k L Wis. '86 

Fuller, Agnes V 111. '86 

Freeman. Joel C 111. '86 

Freyermuth, Otto G '86 

Farmer, F. C 111. '86 

Falvev. E. C '?6 

Fawcctt, C. E Hahn. Col. '87 

'87 

Gatdiell, H. T. F 111. '88 

Goodrich, O. E Mich. '88 

Gorden, F. W 111. '88 

Gilman, John E 111. '88 

Gilbert, Thos. W Ont. '88 

Gravel, Miss G. H France '8g 

Gasscr, Jos. J Iml. '88 

Gorham, Geo. E Penn. '89 

Gatchell, II. P.. Jr Wis. '90 

Grannis, l-'.d. II Wis. '(x> 

Gaffncy. I*'. G III. 'go 

Gatchell, V.. A Wis. 'qo 

Godfrey, V.. I Mich. '01 

Gocsclicl, .Mb III. '(ji 

Gray. John V. ( M . I). ) N. Y. 'qi 

Grow, T. \i Ohio 'gj 

Gillelt. W. S Wis. 'g.' 

Graescr. 15 111. 'gj 

GamidM, S. E. II Iowa '()_• 



Geiger. C. E Ore. 

Gerlach, Emma 111. 

Gifford, Alden N. Y. 

*Greene, Geo. C Wis. 

Gwynne, E. E . . . ". N. Y. 

Gibson. F. J Wis. 

Gillespie, Thos Wis. 

Gleason. S. M Mich. 

Goodnow, Addie ^l 111. 

Gray, P. P 111. 

Groves. J. I III. 

*Gee. William S Ind. 

*Gidman. Bramwell C Conn. 

Goddard. S. T Mich. 

Graves, Chas. B Mich. 

Gustin, Francis Marion Ind. 

Gustin, R. E Ont. 

Gilkeson, Hugh P Me. 

Glasier, Willis H Wis. 

Glover, H. Gray Mich. 

Goodhue. Huldah A 111. 

Guyott, Ezra John N. Y. 

Glasier, Mina B Wis. 

Gorton, Frederick T Wis. 

Gossard, Charles E Iowa 

Graham, D. M. (M. D.) Penn. 

Gray. J. Hamilton 111. 

Green, Wilbur F 111. 

Guy, Clement N N. Y. 

Goldsmith. A. A Ont. 

Goodrich, Miss A. A Kan. 

Gantz, Byron Noble Iowa 

Garrett, Grace E 111. 

Graves, Kate Irene, ad eundem. . . l\\. 

Green, George DeWitt Mich. 

Gann, Lizzie Gertrude Ohio 

Gillette. Myra .A N. Y. 

GofF. Sarah A Kan. 

Green, Isadore L N. Y. 

Green, Orson W Iowa 

Gruber, Carl Iowa 

Goodale, Leon Harvey Iowa 

Gordon. Horace A Me. 

Gooding, .\nnis S. H Mich. 

Graham. John James Ind. 

Graves, Fred Everett N. Y. 

Griggs, Elma Penn. 

Grob. Arthur R. F Wis. 

Gates, G. Hebcr . Wis. 

Gillard, Clara I lyde Ohio 

Gordon, Sarali .\nna Mo. 

Garner. John Q III. 

Gibbs. George L Wis. 

Goodrich, Mary .Adeline III. 

Goss. Alice M'. Cal. 

(nfford. William llenory N. Y. 

Godfrov. Julia Belle D Ill, 

(^rcgg. .Mary E III. 

(KMiius, Arthur F. III. 

Genius. Richard ^lillard HI. 

Granner, Charles T Minn 

( Inuiiw abl. I'has F. . Ill 



364 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



'93 

'93 
'93 
'93 
'93 
'96 
'96 
'96 
'97 
'97 
'98 
'01 
'01 
'02 
'03 
'03 
'03 
^04 
'04 
'04 
'04 
'04 
'04 
'04 
'OS 
'05 
'05 

'61 
'63 
'63 
'64 
'65 
'67 
'68 
'69 
'70 
'70 
'70 
'70 
'71 
'71 
'71 
'71 
'71 
'71 
'71 
'72 
'72 
'72 
'72 
'73 
'73 
'75 
'75 
'75 
'76 
'76 
'76 
'76 
'76 
'76 



Gamble, Robert T 111. 

Gilbert, William S N. Y. 

Goodwin, Sarah L. (M. D.) Mo. 

Greene, Eva B Wis. 

Griffith, H. Eugene Ky. 

Gattan, Ferdinand Mont. 

Gilman, William T .111. 

Gowdy, Francis A ]\Iinn. 

Grey, Margaret 111. 

Gordon, Mary J 111. 

Grubbe, E. H. (B. S.) 111. 

Gallogly. Cecelia P 111. 

Glick, O. E 111. 

Garber, Clara A 

Gibson, Sadie F Iowa 

Giddings, Burton D ]\Iich. 

Green, B. T .S. Dak. 

Good, Barton L 111. 

Goodsheller, Geo. J Hahn. Hosp. 

Grant, E. E Wash. 

Graves, Robt. E Cook Co. Hosp. 

Grass, Vena C 

Greiner, Herman A Hahn. Hosp. 

Guy, John E 111. 

Gaffney, E. C 

Guernsey. W. M 

Garner, W. A Hahn. Col. 

Husband, Geo. E Ont. 

Hemingway, L. D Ilk 

Holbrook, L. H HI- 

Halk Geo. E 111. 

Hiatt, L. B Iowa 

Hedges, S. P IH. 

Henshaw. Chas. J Mich. 

Harris, Ralph 111. 

Haines, Jas. W Ohio 

Hatfield, Geo. A Wis. 

Higbee. C. G Minn. 

Hunt, Fred G Ky. 

Haggart. D Ind. 

Harris, Mrs. R. H Iowa 

Harris, R. L Iowa 

Hendrick, Alex. W 111. 

Hensley, Joseph Kan. 

Higbee, A. E Minn. 

Howard, R. L 111. 

Hartupee, W Til. 

Hassell, S. E ' Wis. 

Herbert, J. B 111. 

Hurlburt, Mrs. M. L Wis. 

Hawley, Miss A. M Penn. 

Home, F. B Iowa 

Harris, Jno. L Mich. 

Plazleton. C. N 111. 

Hutchinson, Mrs. E. L Mich. 

Hanlon, A Mich. 

Hawes, Geo. Henry Iowa 

Hayes, Virgil Mich. 

Herring, C. (M. D.) Penn. 

Higgins, Curran W Minn. 

*Hobart, Henry M 111. 



'76 Hughes, Curtis Mich. 

'76 Hulett, S. Eugene 111. 

'76 Hummer, Jno. N Cal. 

'77 *Hawes, J. W. M, Wis. 

'77 Hilton, Geo. W IH. 

'78 Hall, H. H 111. 

'78 Hallett, D. F 111. 

'78 Hallett, J 111. 

'78 Hammer, A. F 111. 

'78 Hastings, L. E 111. 

'78 Hawkins, F. M Tenn. 

'78 Haynes, C. H Mich. 

'78 Hillweg, C. A Iowa 

'78 Holman, E. E Minn. 

'78 Holmes, C. B 111. 

'78 Hutchinson, C 111. 

'79 Harris, Helen S Wis. 

'79 Harris, Sarah C 111. 

'79 Heath, J. D. W Iowa 

'79 Heath, Jno. Wm Ind. 

'79 Hinz, F. M Wis. 

'79 Hood, S. C Wis. 

'79 Hoyt, O. N Iowa 

'80 Hislop, Miss M. ..: Ont. 

'80 Hull, H. D Mich. 

'81 Hanlin, William Arthur Ohio 

'81 Havens, George Champlin Mich. 

'81 Heitman, G. E. J Wis. 

'81 Henderson, R. Celia (M. D.)..Minn. 

'81 Howe, A. J. (M. D.) Cak 

'8r Hoaglin, William M Kan. 

'81 Holmes, Horace P Ind. 

'81 Howard, Thomas T 111. 

'81 Howard, Delpheus W 111. 

'82 Hall, Levi ^linn. 

'82 Hall, Pearl M Minn. 

'82 Hanners, Harvey Wis. 

'82 Harding, Evilela Ind. 

'82 Hendrickson, P. J Mo. 

'82 Hingston, J. W Ilk 

'82 Hinman, Carlton V Mich. 

'82 Hogan, C 111. 

'83 Harpel, Edw. Newton ( M. D.).Penn. 

'83 Hart, Wm. A Ohio 

'83 Hartsell, William W Colo. 

'83 Harvey, William S. (A. B.) Ilk 

'83 Hawk, J. B Iowa 

'83 Heath. Gertrude E Me. 

'83 *Heffron, Helen M 111. 

'83 Henderson, A. E Wis. 

'83 Hill. Robert M. C Ohio 

'83 Hoag, J. H Mich. 

'83 Hodge, J. S Wis. 

'83 Holmes, Florus E IMich. 

'83 Hough, Edgar Clayton Iowa 

'83 Hubbell, Eugene Wis. 

'83 Humphrey, William Arminc Ohio 

'83 Hunter, Charles R Kan. 

'83 .Hunter, A. J Iowa 

'83 Huron, Frank H Ind. 

'83 Hutchinson, ' Attilla M Minn. 

'83 Hutchins, A. V Ilk 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



365 



'83 Hutchins, Hannah G 111. '89 

'84 Hack, Sophie. Mrs ".R. I. '89 

'84 Harlan, R. A. (M. D.; 111. ^89 

'84 Harris. A. F Wis. '89 

'84 Hayes, E. H 111. '89 

'84 Helmick, Daniel Iowa '90 

'84 Higgins, Arthur F 111. '90 

'84 Hill, Julia T., Miss Mo. '90 

'84 *Hoffman, J. A. (M. D. ) Iowa '90 

'84 Holbrook, H. H Ohio '90 

'84 Houston, Morris Mass. '90 

'84 Huffaker, Thomas S Mo. '90 

'84 Hughes, Clara, Miss 111. '90 

'84 Hunter, Jessie E., Miss 111. '90 

'85 Harris, Nellie R., ^Irs Iowa '91 

'85 Hassler, Frank Dak. '91 

'85 Higgins, C. W. (M. D.) Dak. '91 

'85 Hill, Anna Sowles (M. D.) . . . •. .Dak. '91 

'85 Hin. Louis Wis. 91 

'85 Holden, Nettie J Kan. '91 

'85 Holton, Charles S Ky. '92 

'85 Howard, F. Henry Iowa '92 

'85 Howland, Frank A Kan. '92 

'85 Hubbard, William A Iowa '93 

'86 Haines, Bessie Park Minn. '93 

'86 Hall, Charles Berrien 111. '93 

'86 Harcum. Theodore Wis. '93 

'86 Hart, Mary E. (M. D.;..Wash., D. C. '93 

'86 Hodgdon, Frank A Vt. '93 

'86 Hottleman. Otto Wis. '93 

'86 Howe, Willella Cal. '93 

'86 Huron, Willis B Ind. '93 

'87 Halbert, Homer Valmore 111. '93 

'87 Hale, Geo. P Mich. '94 

'87 Halloway, Lizzie E., Mrs Ind. '94 

'87 Hallowell, Henry C 111. '94 

'87 Hamilton. Rosalie, Miss Ohio '94 

'87 Hammond, John H Ind. '94 

'87 Hammond, Hilton Ind. '94 

'87 Hartman, William L N. Y. '94 

'87 Harvey, John B 111. '94 

'87 Hastings, A. H Ind. '94 

'87 Hatch, Raymond Weston Minn. '95 

'87 Hermance, Alexander C N. Y. '95 

'87 Hickok. Kathcrine L. K., Mrs..N. Y. '95 

'87 Hinkle. Abbie A Ohio '95 

'87 llin!;lev. II. Lu Sern Ohio '95 

'87 Hoetlc. Henry C 111. '95 

'87 Hoehne, Evelyn C Wis. '96 

'87 Holmes, Sarah E N. Y. '96 

'87 Hough. Joseph Purcell 111. '96 

'87 Jlurlljut, Jolin Fremont Wis. '96 

'88 Flacker, Wm. Henry N. Y. '96 

•88 Hardy, Anna C III. '96 

'88 HcniRsy. Margaret E N. Y. '96 

'K8 Hill. Orimal V . : Iowa '97 

■«« Holland, Joseph H Mo. "07 

'KX Howe, Melvin V Iowa '97 

;h<j Hall, .Amos C, Jr Ind. '97 

'H() llann.i, William Hlakeway Iowa '97 

'«<) Hill, Mark A Ill, '07 

'H<; Hill, Kay C. Kas. \,7 



Hoev, William Ferguson Del. 

Hoc'kett, Oliver O 111. 

Holmes, Louis C . Neb. 

Hoyt, Lucius Frank Miim. 

Huntsinger, Chauncey Ind. 

Haas, Homer Corwin Ind. 

Haight, N. Herbert Cal. 

Hall, --\bbie Gale 111. 

Harris, Georgianna \\ arren. . . .Mass. 

Harrison, Anna Neb. 

Hawes, .\rthur B Minn. 

Henn. Charles Max 111. 

Herkimer, George R Mich. 

Honberger, Frank Henrj' Ilk 

Hagedom, Peter 111. 

Hall. Jesse T W. Va. 

Hillard, Sun^ner H 111. 

Hughes, G. L 111. 

Hughes, J. Edwin Wash. 

Hutchison, Robert N Cal. 

Hancock, Ellen Flower 111. 

Hicks, Robert A., Jr Tenn. 

Hogue, I. R. (A. M.) Ind. 

HaigJi, F 111. 

Halphide, Alvan Cavala 111. 

Hanlon, Edward Owen Mich. 

Hendy, Clara A Wis. 

Hicks, James Maurice Ind. 

Hollingsworth, Rachel E 111. 

Holten. Elizabeth Sanders 111. 

Hubbard. Allen P .Mich. 

Hunt, Ella Grace Ohio 

Hunt, Florence Irene Ohio 

Henrj-, Robina Nicholson Can. 

Henderson, Burton W Penn. 

Herrman, Christian .\ndrew 111. 

Higbee, Frank Oscar Minn. 

Hill, Emily L N. Y. 

Hobart, .\ustin Walter Me. 

Hopkins, Minnie M 111. 

Houston, Grant 111. 

Hoj't, Mary Osborn Iowa 

Hazelton, Robert Harvey \'t. 

Hamilton, Wilbur S O. T. 

Hardy, Charles Franklin Mich. 

Hatton, Lemuel C Iowa 

Hibbc. Charles Harris 111. 

Hill, Leslie G Iowa 

Haddcn, John D 111. 

Haigh, Edith Submit 111. 

Haseltine, Burton D IVnn. 

Hinkley, Junie J C^hio 

Holly, A. Clare Mo. 

Holmes, .\nna Margaret 111. 

Hunter, Edwin L Kan. 

Hall, George (niy Mass. 

Hall. Florence GoflF Ill 

Hamilton, .-Xngelina Grimke. . . .Mich. 

Hayes, Claude I-Vank III. 

Hewet^nn. John W ( M. A,) III. 

Hill. George .Mortimer Cal 

Holt/, Heiirv .M Wis. 



366 



HISTORY OF HOMCKOPATHY 



'97 Homer, Frank William Wis. "83 

'97 Hopper, George H Ind. '85 

'97 Holtz. Wilhelm Germany '83 

'97 How, John Tabler Ind. '83 

'97 Howard, Irwin Proctor Iowa '84. 

'97 Howerth, Mrs. Cora Olive 111. '84 

'97 Howes, Caroline 111. '84 

'98 Hunt, Marie Louise ,...111. '85 

'99 Holmes. Abbie B Neb. "88 

'00 Hammond. F. W Kan. '89 

'00 Hammond. Kathryn L '89 

'00 Hutchins. Edwin S 111. '90 

'01 Hahn. Anna M ^io. '90 ■■ 

'01 Hamlin. Fred'k J Wis. '93 

'01 Halversen, H. N S. Dak. '94 

'01 Howard. Paul R Neb. '95 

'02 Hunt, E. S -...II!. '95 

'02 H emphill, Wm. J Neb. 95 

'02 Howard. Alice C '96 

'03 Hanson. Ed. B [96 

'03 Herriman. L. L '97 

'03 Hinckle, W\ A III. '99 

'03 Hobbs, Fred'k J '00 

03 Hoeffle, Adelaide D HI. 01 

'03 Hook. Chas. O Ill- "02 

03 Hollis, Ed. L Iowa '03 

'04 Hamilton. Frank T Ohio '05 

'04 Hartford. Isaac J ^lo. '05 

'04 . Herm. G. G Iowa 05 

'04 Hennessy. Anna M Wyo. '05 

'04 Hobbs. L. R 

'04 Hofsess. J. W Tenn. '63 

'04 Holloway, Emma G Ind. '67 

'0+ Houston. Alfred M 111. '67 

'04 Hitchcock. Geo. P HI. '67 

'05 Harpel. W. F '69 

'05 Hofifman, W. E ^69 

'os Harbison. J. Glen '71 

05 Hanke. H. E '72 

'73 

■67 Ingraham. Ed. H 111. '73 

"71 Ingersoll. A. E ]\Iont. '75 

'77 Ince. Ed. A , 111. '78 

'81 Ireland. David V Ohio '78 

'8[ Isenberg. Lorain Ohio 78 

'96 Ingersoll. L. F 111. '7^ 

'97 Irving. Walter W Wis. '80 

•80 

'66 Jones. \\\ G Iowa '80 

'68 Johnson. Wm. S 111. '80 

'72 Johnson, -Mrs. M. N Pcnn. '81 

'73 Johnson. S. A Mich. 'Si 

'76 Johnson. Rassellas B 111. '8t 

'78 Jessen, H. C Neb. '82 

'78 Johnson. A. -K 111. '82 

'79 Tcrald, D. C Iowa '82 

'79 Johnson. S. D Wis. '82 

'80 John. F. C Wis. '82 

'80 Johnson. F. B 111. '83 

'8t lust. Adolph August Minn. '83 

'82 Jewell. Henrv H Vt. '83 

'82 Jones. Wm. A Wis. '83 



Jensen. Anna Caroline Denm'k 

John. Frederick F. A Wis. 

Jordan, Loran W Minn. 

Justis. Stephen A Ind. 

Johnson, Frederick P Wis. 

Johnson. J. H. S N. Y. 

Johnson. T. M Ind. 

Jones, A. C Mo. 

Jordan. J. Eugene 111. 

Jacobs. William H Del. 

Junkermann, Charles F Ohio 

Jackson. William S Kan. 

■Jones, Charles S 111. 

Jul}'. Louis E N. Y. 

Jackson, Harriet M Kan. 

Jacobs. Eliab M Minn. 

James. Katharine E N. Y. 

''Johnson. G. Irving 111. 

Jones, Mary H Iowa 

Johnson, Charles F Ind. 

Johnson, ^Irs. Edna Lucy Ky. 

Johnson. Josiah 

Jacobs. Anna ( Mrs. Green) 111. 

Jergins. Louis C 

Jack.son, James M Iowa 

Johnston, Ed. A Iowa 

Jamieson. E Hahn. Col. 

Jared. C. B Hahn. Col. 

Jolley. L. B Hahn. Col. 

Jones. Lenna E Hahn. Col. 

Kendall. Lyman P 111. 

King. Ed. H Iowa 

King. John E Iowa 

Klemp. Herman F Wis. 

Kippax. John R Can. 

Koch. Jno. Wm 111. 

Kalbtleisch, A. H 111. 

Keefer, Horatio 111. 

Kanouse, A. W Wis. 

Kridler, S. R Iowa 

Knowles. H. S Iowa 

King. S. ]\1 Iowa 

Kitzmillcr. J. H 111. 

Kleckner. D. H 111. 

Koch. Mrs. C 111. 

Kanonse, E. M Wis. 

Kehr, S. S HI. 

Kennedy, H. M Iowa 

Kincaid. A. M HI. 

Kimball, J. H HI. 

Kerr. J. F Ohio 

Kurt. Katherine Ohio 

Kester, M. Addie Kan. 

Kiser. SamUfel Judson Ind. 

Knaak, T. L HI. 

Knickerbocker. C. W Iowa 

Knowles. Girard F Wis. 

Karten, Joseph W Neb. 

Kcstcr. Richard S Ind. 

King, J. P.. S 111. 

King, lulia A 111. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



367 



'83 Knight, Mell M :Mich. '78 

'83 Knott, Jeptha D -..111. '78 

'84 Keller, M. E.. Mrs Ind. '78 

'84 King, Benjamin D Mich. 78 

'84 Kirkpatrick, John x\rmour Kan. '78 

'85 Kinlev. J. B Colo. '78 

'85 Kneeland. W. C Mich. '79 

'86 Kelley, Erwin E X. Y. 79 

'86 Kemp. Xereus Cooke Iowa "80 

'86 Kirtland, John W Mich. '80 

'86 Knapp, Angelina E 111. '81 

'87 Kahle, Franz Theodore Germany '81 

'87 Karst. August 111. '81 

'87 Kellev. Bernard C Iowa '82 

'87 Kohler. Christian H :Minn. '82 

'87 Krueger. Julius H 111. '83 

'88 Keeler. Chas. Bradley Conn. '83 

'88 Kendall, Sarah A ...Mass. '83 

'88 Krudop. D. Tonges Minn. '83 

'88 Krudop, Martin Muhlig ;Minn. '84 

'90 Kinyon. Henry E X'eb. '84 

'90 Kjeilberg. Emil 111. '84 

'91 Kellv, Sidney T Mo. '84 

'91 Kester, Effie Kate Kan. '84 

'91 Krichbaum, James W Ky. '84 

'91 Krumsiek, W. E 111. '84 

'91 Knowlton, Emily Irene 111. '84 

'91 Kortright, Scott E Penn. '85 

'91 Kuhn, F. W., ad euiidem 111. '85 

'92 Ketchum, Jennie D 111. '85 

'92 Kline. i\Iinerva A Ohio '86 

'93 Ketchum. Fred Grant X. Y. '86 

'93 Kimball, Fannie Gray (M. D.)....I11. '86 

'93 Knight, Thomas W Ohio '86 

'94 Kahlke, Charles E 111. '86 

'94 Kenyon, Frances A R. I. '87 

'97 Kendall. Richard L 111. '88 

'99 Kelley, Tames W '88 

'00 Kelley, T. Joslvn Mich. '88 

'01 Kirkpatrick. W. T 111. '89 

'03 Kleinhans. Jos. B 111. '89 

'89 

'61 Ludlam. E. :\1. P 111. '90 

'62 Lemon. \\ . D 111. '90 

'62 Lord. I. S. P N. Y. '90 

'65 Leland, A. G Wis. '91 

'65 Lchncrt, H. C Miss. '91 

'67 Luton, L Mich. '91 

'68 Lutes. C. H Ont. '93 

'69 Lukens. Benj. F Ohio '92 

'70 Long, David H Mich. '92 

'72 Lewis, Emlcn Iowa '92 

'72 Lowry. N. H ill. '03 

^7T, Luton. R. M Mich. '<)3 

'74 Lat>;()n. Joi-1 1) • Mich. '93 

'75 Lewi'^, Joseph, Jr Wi-". '03 

'75 Livor. John X. I. "(^ 

'75 Lud\\it(. Chas. II Mich 'i^| 

'76 LiviuKUin. M.irclta \l Midi. \^ 

'76 l^Himis, W II Cal. '95 

'76 Lowry, K. !•' 111. 't)5 

'77 l.cavill. Slu-ldon 1!1 '(j.; 



Lane, D. E Wis. 

Lane. L. B Ohio 

*Lan!ng, C. E III. 

Lards, C. H 111. 

Law, V. M Iowa 

Lowell, J. S Iowa 

Lance, R. W Vt. 

Livermore, D. L Iowa 

Leighton, E Ont. 

Lyon, E. A Ind. 

Lathrop, Henry A 111. 

Lewis, Frank B X. Y. 

Lyons, Jennie M 111. 

Larson. Geo. M 111. 

Latham, O. E Ohio 

Lenox, Robt Xeb. 

Linn, A. M. (M. S.) Iowa 

Lydy. A. R Ohio 

Lynde, Cornelius Y Vt. 

Lock, D. Albert Minn. 

Lock, S. Allen Minn. 

Lager, Mrs. B Sweden 

Landon, C. C Mich. 

Landreth, Mrs. M. H 111. 

Langstaff, H. W 111. 

Laughton, W. R Wis. 

Le-ighton, J. A Mich. 

Lillard, Z. F Mo. 

Lockwood, Benjamin F X. Y. 

Lowe. Thos Minn. 

Lamar, Henn,' L Ind. 

Laughlin, Lettia B Mo. 

Lee, William Henrv Penn. 

Ludlam, R., Jr ' III. 

*Lyman. Delia Gilman Wis. 

Lang. Jacob Ind. 

Lanning. \\Mllet Scott Iowa 

Leonard. Edward Joseph 111. 

Lyon, Howard X^ Mich. 

Laroche, Pierre X. Y. 

Linn. Ellis G Iowa 

Love. George Franklin Mich. 

Lain, Rachel B Penn. 

Love. Frank S Mich. 

Lynch. Helen M 111. 

Lehmann, Anthony Ind. 

LeFevre, George L Mich. 

Lomison, W. A Penn. 

Lanning, Lewis M X. J. 

Linderborg, Augusta S III. 

Llewellyn, H. S 111. 

Lothrop. Charles Arthur Mass. 

Lane, >Liry M Wis. 

Lee. .Anna F. S X. Y. 

♦LeftiiiKwell. Joseph I Mass. 

Lyon, Roy Muir Colo. 

Laniko. Marion V. HI. 

Lockwood. Wiiliain I'ranklin. . . , Ind. 

LutT. Kunly .Merrill HI, 

LaniluUn. iMaiik W 111. 

l.flKiisoi\M. Mayer 11 III. 

I.e\\i><. J I'l'iiN r.il 



368 



HISTORY OF HO^ICEOPATHY 



'95 
'95 
'96 
'97 
'97 
'98 
'99 
'99 
'99 
'99 
'99 
'99 
'00 
'00 
'00 
'01 
,'oi 
'01 
'01 
'02 
'03 
'04 
'05 
'05 
'05 
'05 

'61 
'62 
'62 
'63 
'63 
'65 
'66 
'66 
'66 

'67 
'68 
'68 
'68 
'69 
'70 
'70 
'71 
'71 
'71 
'71 
'72 
'72 
'73 
'73 
'73 
'73 
'11 
'7A 
'7A 
'75 
'75 
'75 
'75 
'77 
'77 



Low, Marion C S. Dak. '77 

LaSalle, Gilbert Mahlon Ind. '77 

Leavitt, C. Franklin Ill- '78 

Leffingwell, Mary Wright Mass. '78 

Logue, Paul T Iowa '78 

Lane, Edward Huntington Minn. '78 

Leland. J. T Tenn. '78 

Langheim, H. W Philippine Isl. '78 

Layman, Ernest Ind. '79 

Leed, Frank R '79 

Lemon, Herbert K HI- '79 

Lindquist, Nilo S Ind. '79 

Lockner, Frank '79 

Laird, John W '80 

Linn. Wilbur N HI- '80 

Leech, Geo. A HI- '80 

Leonard, May '80 

Lindquist, John A Ill- '80 

Lusk, E. E Iowa '80 

Leeds, Arthur L Ind. '80 

Latham, Charles O Wis. |8o 

Loizeaux, Leon S Iowa ^ '80 

Laird, Mrs. S '80 

Lane, C. W '81 

Lynn, J. V '81 

Lang. W. W Hahn. Col. '81 

'81 

Moore, John Ill- '81 

Marcy, E. E. (M. D.) N. Y. '81 

Moore, S. A Iowa '81 

Morgan, G. W Ill- '81 

Murch, A. J Mich. '81 

Morrison, W. C. (M. D.) N. Y. '82 

Mann, O. H 111. '82 

Miller, Chas. W Wis. '82 

Morrison, Jas. E 111. '82 

Mayer, M Colo. '82 

Merrymann, Thos. J 111. '82 

Moffatt, Wm. S 111. '82 

Moor, Peter Wis. '82 

Missick, Chas. L 111. '82 

Marvin, L. R Mich. '82 

Moore, Arthur F Wis. '83 

Marelius, Jno. W 111. '83 

McCollum, M N. Y. '83 

McLaren, W. R 111. '83 

Miller, E. P 111. '83 

Munson, Clinton Cal. '83 

Mussina. E Tex. '83 

Magee, Miss H. E 111. '83 

Manning E 111. '83 

Mellen, W. A Iowa '83 

Miessler, E. G. H III. '83 

Mills, J. P 111. '83 

*May, Clarence E Minn. '84 

Macdonald, Allen P N. Y. '84 

Marsh, B. P 111. '84 

Marshall, E. J Mich. '84 

Martin, Thos. M Wis. '84 

Maxon, J. S Wis. '84 

Martin, F. Marion 111. '84 

Morrison, Wm. Fred 111. '8.^ 



Mowry, Henry P Mich. 

Myers, Cornelius Ind. 

MacBride, N. L N. Y. 

McCleary. R. B 111. 

Mirick, W- A Iowa 

Mortlock, J. S 111. 

Mulholland, J. K Ind. 

Murphy, Jno Penn. 

*jMacomber, Mrs. F. G N. J. 

Marsh, H. W Mich. 

Marvin, L. D Mich. 

JMcIntire, M. C Ky. 

McNamara, F. C Wis. 

Martin, H. J Ind. 

McAlister, L Iowa 

McClellan, D N. B. 

McCool, Mrs. H. L Mich. 

McDowell, W. A 111. 

Miessler, C. F. O 111. 

Mingos, G. W Penn. 

Mix, H. P 111. 

Montgomery. P. J Iowa 

Morse, J. C... 111. 

Magee. Franklin J Dak. 

Markham, R. C Mich. 

Martin, I. M -..111. 

McEwen, Earle Iowa 

Mendel, Sarah A 111. 

Mitchell, Cyrus Franklin Minn. 

Monroe, Byron F. Neb. 

*]\Iorrison, Geo. H 111. 

Mudge, D. W Mich. 

Matthews, Thomas Henry Cal. 

May, John A Mich. 

Martz, Chr Ind. 

Mayor, John Henry Vt. 

Meilicke. Augustus C Minn. 

Meredith, S. P Wis. 

Miller, John N. Y. 

Miller, Martin Ind. 

Miles. D. D. (M. D.) Mo. 

Murray, Jacob P. (M. D.) Tenn. 

*Macgillivary, Margaret Scotland 

Manning, Edward C Wis. 

]\Iarvin, Horace N Iowa 

Matthews, W. D Iowa 

May, Isabel A Ind. 

Mclntyr, Edwin R Kan. 

Meade, Hamilton (A. M.) Neb. 

Metz, Mathew Simpson Penn. 

Miller, K. Lane Minn. 

Misner, William W 111. 

Moat, James M Penn. 

Myers, Helen T 111. 

MacKay, J. H N. S. 

IMaloney, L. Howard 111. 

Manchester. H. D Mich. 

Mann, Jesse E Ind. 

MaPIarney. Geo Kan. 

Marvin, George D Mich. 

McGowen, Washington E 111. 

Miller, C. A., Mrs 111. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



369 



'84 
'84 
'84 
'84 
'84 
'85 
'85 



05 
'8s 



'8S 
'85 
'85 



'86 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'87 
'87 
'87 
'89 
'89 
'89 
'89 
'89 
'89 
'89 
'89 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'91 
'91 
'91 
'91 
'91 
'91 
'92 
'92 
'93 
'93 
'93 
'93 
'93 



Moffett, Rolland C Mich. 

Morin, Denis ^lich. 

Morgan, Jennie M ^^ is. 

Munn, C. E Wis. 

Munson. R. (M. D.) Wash. 

Macey, E. E Ind. 

Mason, Albert E Ill- 

Mayer. Charles R La. 

McAdam. Robert Iowa 

McFatrich. J. B 111. 

McMachen. William H Ont. 

McPherson, Andrew Penn. 

Meinhardt, Emma T 111. 

Menzel, Ludwig William Wis. 

Morrison, James N Iowa 

Mueller, Gustave A Penn. 

IMurray. Elmore Warner Mich. 

Myers, Priscilla G 111. 

Mackay, Jean I 111. 

Mahan, James, ad eiindem Wis. 

Maycock. Burt James X. Y. 

*Maynard. Charles K Iowa 

Miller, Eliza M 111. 

Miller. John Kan. 

Miller. Theophilus E. F 111. 

Millsop. Sarah Jane Conn. 

Morse. J. N 111. 

^lumaw, Henry A Ind. 

MacCracken, William P Penn. 

Mackev, James Lewis Ohio 

Miller, Haschall Phelps Wis. 

*Maloy, Alfred J III. 

McDowell, George W III. 

McKnight, George B Wis. 

Menninger. Charles F Kan. 

Merriman, Charles Weare Wis. 

Morris, Robert Nelson Mich. 

Mosier. William A Ind. 

Musgrave, Sylvester Davis Ind. 

MacMastcr, Marian Hull N! Y. 

Maguy, Frank A 111. 

Maloy, Sarah E 111. 

McMichael, Orville Winthrop 111. 

Millard, Homer A Mo. 

Messner, Albert F Ohio 

Miner, Harriet A Til. 

Moore, Lorella N . . Ind. 

Moth, Morris J 111. 

Munson, Henry O S. Dak. 

McCulloch, John P 111. 

McGrew, Millin Smyth Kan. 

Mercer. Harriet Isabel Ohio 

Miller, Hattie I 111. 

Miller, Loucze J Mich. 

Morris, Arthur J 111. 

Martin, Lillie M 111. 

Morgan, Saxton J Wis. 

MacMullen, Delia Marie III. 

Macomljor, Henry Jewell Cal. 

Mason. .Siclla M Iowa 

McNifF, Margaret .S Iowa 

Mighell. lua M 111. 



'93 ;Misick, Oel Sage 111. 

'93 Murphy. Jennie C S. Dak. 

'94 Maas, Elizabeth C Wis. 

'94 McCracken, S. Gordon 111. 

'94 INIiner, James B 111. 

'94 ]Montgomery, Robert Clinton. .. .Wis. 

'94 Morgan, Ada B Iowa 

'95 Martin, John T Ind. 

'95 Montique, Stillman B Mich. 

'95 Miiller, Laura Can. 

'95 Myers, Charles M Mich. 

'95 Miller. Louise Newton 111. 

'95 McDonald, George Albert 111. 

'95 Montgomery, Dr. Marj' Wis. 

'96 McFee. Eva May N. Y. 

'96 McGee, John A 111. 

'96 ^Nlaple, John Edgar 111. 

'96 Martin. Fred Walbridge Vt. 

■96 Mateer, Charles A 111. 

'96 Miller, Seth S Penn. 

'96 :\Iitchell. Mary E III. 

'96 Morrow. Vasiiti Evelyn [NIo. 

'97 Mabie, Catherine L. Roe 111. 

'97 Maddock. Orien Earle Ind. 

'97 MacMaster, Frederic H. D....N. Y. 

■97 McCartney. Johnson N Iowa 

'97 McGee, \\'illiam Grant Ohio 

'97 IMetcalf. Frank Arnold Iowa 

'98 McGibbon. Walter P 111. 

'98 Merrill. Lucv L 111. 

'98 Miller. Henrv Clermont CB. S.)..II1. 

'98 Miller, Lucas Allen (B. S.)....Iowa 

'go McBean. Geo. M 111. 

'99 ^IcClane. Jean E 

'99 McCurley. B. G Ohio 

■99 Mansur, Mary L Mo. 

'99 Mansur. Wm. E Mo. 

'99 Marsh. N. W 

'99 JNIartin. Frcd'k H Wis. 

'00 Millard. Frances (Mrs. Sadden").... 

'ox Martin, Chas. V 111. 

'01 Metcalf, C. E Texas 

'01 Munsell. W. W 111. 

'01 Musgrove. Sam'l, Jr Minn. 

'02 Main. D. C Ark. 

'02 Milroy. Wm 

'02 Mullips, J. Melvin 

'03 Marcum, Earl H Minn. 

'o^ Marten. William F 

'03 Mitchell. Frcd'k J Wis. 

'03 Murwin, .Mberta II Mich 

'03 McMillon, Edwin C Iowa 

'04 Mailman. J. Fisher 111. 

'04 Mowrv. Win. P Mich. 

•05 McMillan, R. C 

'o^ Mnrri'^nii. W. S ^.... 

'05 Moth. Robt. S 

'o; McDanncll. W. Ravniond 

•05 Morgan. F. K ' M-'- C-l 

'6j ♦N'eidhart, Clia< iM I' !\'nu 



370 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



'66 Nichol, Wm Can. 

'71 Noble, J. H Wis. 

'72 Nelson, Peter Minn. 

'74 Nixon, Sam E Iowa 

'76 Near, Jefiferson S .111. 

'77 Neve, Sigismund D 111. 

'77 Nichols, A. Burton Minn. 

'80 Nitterauer. J .S 111. 

'81 Neal, George H Neb. 

'81 Nickelson, Wm. H N. Y. 

'81 Nottingham, David ^Nl Ind. 

'82 Nye, Josephine Florence Wis. 

'83 Nedden. F. Zur Wis. 

'83 Norris. C. W. (B. S.) .Ky. 

'83 Nye, James D Wis. 

'87 Neal, Dwight Baldwin Neb. 

S,7 Newton. John A Ind. 

' '87 Nichols, Robert ^I Wis. 

'87 Nivison, Alice C, ^liss Wis. 

'90 Nichols, F. E 111. 

'90 Nicklas, George L Wis. 

'90 Nutting. Will Wallace N. Dak. 

'91 Netherton, Frederick F Kan. 

'91 Nolder, Samuel M Ind. 

'91 *Norton, Benj. F Mass. 

'91 Noyes, Henry Allen N. H. 

'92 Neill, Charles H Minn. 

'92 Noyes. Wilbur F 111. 

'92 Nystrum. Conrad E Wis. 

'95 Neflf, Oscar Sidney 111. 

'95 Nichols, Asa Burton Wis. 

'95 North. J. Edward 111. 

'95 Nutting. Emmogene Powell 

(B. S.) Mass. 

'96 Nesbitt, Robert H: T Colo. 

'00 Nelson, Olive O Ind. 

'01 Nickell. Mable A Neb. 

'01 Noe, Estelle B 111. 

'03 North way, Edgar F" \l\c\i. 

'03 Novinger, Jefferson T Canada 

'04 Nelson, Mary M Iowa 

'62 Ogden, Milton D 111. 

'62 Ozanne, Jas., Jr Wis. 

'6i *Ober, L. E. (M. D.) Wis. 

'63 Osborn, W. S 111. 

'78 Ogden, M. B 111. 

'78 Owens, J. S 111. 

'79 Ogden. E. C 111. 

'80 Ozanne, J. T Wis. 

'81 Olney, Floyd B Iowa 

'82 Otis. Chas. Francis N. Y. 

'82 Outland, W^arren H. (M. D.)...Ohio 

'87 Oberg, John Kan. 

'87 Orr, Julia M N. Y. 

'88 Oleson. Valdemar Kan. 

'89 Oliver, Thomas H Ohio 

'90 Oakshett, James Charles 111. 

'90 Ousley, Linnie M Ind. 

'93 O'Brien, Mary E Mich. 

'93 Ordway, George Albert Mass. 

'94 Owen, M. G Neb. 



95 Oatman, Homer C Kart. 

96 Oviatt, Ellen Marie Colo 

97 Osborne, James Ambrose Penn. 

O'Leary, George M Ind. 

99 Olsen. Emma E Wis. 

02 01m?tead, A. O Wis. 

02 Olmstead, A. C Mich. 

02 Outcalt, Cora L 111. 

05 Olds, C. B 111. 



Palmer, W. K 111. 

Phillips, A. W N. Y. 

Parsons, S. B Mo. 

Pengelly, Richard Wis. 

Pattison, Wm Mich. 

Parsons, Ephraim 111. 

Pearce, Clinton W 111. 

Palmer, O. T Kan. 

Partridge, J. M Ind. 

Perkins, Edgar 111. 

Putman, Chas. W 111. 

Page. M. F Wis. 

Patchin, T. J. (M. D.) Wis. 

Parmlee, ]Myron H Ohio 

Pilling, Henry H Wis. 

Poppe, Otto " B Ind. 

Parsons, W'm. H Ill- 
Porter. Stephen Cal. 

Pratt, R. H 111. 

Prindle, C. W Mich. 

Peer, T. J N. Y. 

Paine. R. K Wis. 

Parker, Miss C. L 111. 

Pratt, E. H 111. 

*Parsons, Geo. K Tex. 

Pettitt, Wm. H.... 111- 

Purington. Mrs. L. C ,111. 

Palmer, G. W 111. 

Patton. Oliver M Mich. 

Perlewitz, H. C. F Ill- 
Power, Geo. B 111. 

Primm, J. W ....111. 

Prince. Isaac W. Ind. 

Parker, E. H Wis. 

Parmly. J. P Wis. 

Patchen. D. H N. Y.. 

Pillsbury. C. C Wis.. 

Pillsbury, Chas. B 111. 

Packson, Rachel S Ind. 

Palmer, J. T.. Jr Me. 

Palmer, L. R Minn. 

Parsons, Flarry 111. 

Penfield, C. S Ohia 

Pigford. E. S N. C. 

Pusheck, C. A 111. 

Parkhurst, Emogenc Ill- 

Paul. W. A Me. 

Pennock, J. Walton Mich. 

Pollock, S. D. (M. D. )...'. 111. 

Primm, John N III. 

Peck, Millie A 111. 

Peck, Eliza S 111. 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



371 



'82 
'82 
'83 
'83 
'84 



05 
'85 



'85 
'86 
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'86 
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'87 
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'88 



'89 
'8.^ 
'89 
'90 
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'90 
'91 
'91 
'91 
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'91 
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'93 
'93 
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'93 
'94 
'94 
'95 
'95 
'95 
'96 
'96 

'97 
'97 
'97 
'97 
'97 

'';7 

'90 



Pelhani, Annie May Iowa 

Phillips, Thomas 111. 

Pitblado, Colin (B. A.) .".N. S. 

Pepoon, Herman Silas (B. S.)...I11. 

Putnam, Clarence Simeon Vt. 

Palmer, O. A. (M. D.) Ohio 

Parsons, S. B., ad eundem Kan. 

Patton, R. L Cal. 

Paul, Trvin N Iowa 

*Peaslee, Clara Winsor Mich. 

Penny, Lincoln E Minn. 

Perkins, Ernst D 111. 

Peters, Wesley Ohio 

Parkhurst, Alice S. (M. D.) Md. 

Pease, \Vm. A 111. 

Perrigo, E. Stella Wis. 

Pickering, Jane A N. Y. 

Porter, Frank A Neb. 

Patterson, Henry S Iowa 

Pearson, Alfred W Iowa 

Pursel, James Perry Penn. 

Pike, Rhoda Me. 

Place, Joseph Jeremiah R. I. 

Pulford, Charles H Conn. 

Parker, Helen M 111. 

Paul, C. Almon Me. 

*Peck, Mary E N. Y. 

Peckardt, Kate E. (M. D.) -.111. 

Perkins. Archie Elmer Mass. 

Parks, Doan 111. 

Peebles, George R Iowa 

Perky, Lenore Neb. 

Pierce, O. Frank 111. 

Palm, Mary Adeline Cal. 

Parker, William I Iowa 

Pease, Ella Gertrude Cal. 

Pierce, Elmer A Neb. 

Post, Elijah J Mich. 

Provost, A. J Wis. 

Prudden, J. E Dak. 

Patterson, Clifton E Iowa 

Philibert, Mrs. Elizabeth Tex. 

Prindle, Earlc Stanley Vt. 

Prosscr, Cleora E Penn. 

Palmberg, Rosa W 111. 

Pcakc, Francis N. Y. 

Peck, Charles C 111. 

Philbrick, Ada Minn. 

Pintler, Hiram l-xlgar N. Y. 

Payne. Il.iiinah Jones 111. 

Powell, LelTerts M. (M. D. ). ad cuti- 

dcm N. Y. 

Phelps, Charles R Iowa 

Phillips, Jesse H Iowa 

Pompe, A. A Midi. 

Powers, Violet S 111. 

Putnam, Clarence S. ( .\1. I>. ), (/</ (•«»- 

di'iu N. Dak. 

I'errino, Fred .\ Wis. 

I'riest. i'laiiU .Mien Ind. 

Park, Kennilh C I'tali 

Pearson, F. I) 1ml. 



'99 Petit, Gilman W .-...111. 

'99 Piles. Frieda M 

'00 Phelps, Alonzo S 111. 

'00 Piper, Ralph S 111. 

'00 Pogue. Mary E Wis. 

'00 Poland, M. E III. 

'00 Price. Chas. J 111. 

'01 Pintler, Howard L 111. 

'02 Porath. Wm. C 

'02 Probasco. Harriet G 111. 

'03 Palmer. Judson J Pa. 

'03 Platz, Chas. H Neb. 

'03 Pratt, G. H Iowa 

'o.| Paine, Josephine H Ind. 

'04 Petrie, Jessie T Wis. 

'04 Phelps, Elizabeth L Iowa 

'04 Proxmire, Theo. S 111. 

'05 Patterson. Emma L 

'05 Pardue. Ralph 

'05 Pickard, Mrs. S Hahn. Col. 

'00 Quinn. M 



'62 Rogers, S Mich. 

'63 Roberts, B. B 111. 

'66 Rishel, J. G Wis. 

'69 Rice, Wm Cal. 

'71 Rand. G. T Mich. 

'71 Ricker. S. J 111. 

'71 Righter, F. B Wis. 

'74 Roberts, H. W Wis. 

'75 Randall, Geo. W N. Y. 

■75 Reynolds, Jno. W 111. 

'7'-, Rosencranz. E. M. (M. D.) Wis. 

■76 Reed. Morev L III. 

■76 Rice. Marvin S III. 

'76 Roberts, Wm. P N. Y. 

•76 Rolston. Wm. T 111. 

'77 Robv. Henry W 111. 

'77 Rockwell, Jas. W Ohio 

'78 Reed. G. S Mich. 

■78 Rice, J. P Mich. 

'7^, Roberts, U. P., Mrs N. Y. 

■78 Rockey. A. E 111. 

'78 Runner. R. C Mo. 

'79 Richards, Geo. E 111. 

'70 Robinson. J. B W \'a. 

'70 Russell, G. J N V. 

'80 Reed. H. L Wis. 

'80 Reed. W. A Wis. 

•80 Reynolds, Mrs. H. I Cal. 

•80 Rockwell. G. N Mich. 

'80 Ryno. E. H Mich. 

'Si RenniiiKer, lohn Stephen Ohio 

'81 Rice. Otis Packard (M DV...Mass. 

'8j Read. Edwin C, Ir W \a. 

'82 Russell. Geo. A .N Y. 

'S3 Roberts, Glen .\rtluir .Mich. 

'83 Kowo, W. C Mich. 

"8.? Rvder. Lewis .\ Kan, 

'84 Ramsey. .Mlurt D Mp. 

'S.| Keu. Carlton II III. 



372 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



'84 Rhines, DeCosta Mich. 

'84 Risdon. C. A., Mrs Ind. 

'84 Roberts, William Franklin Mich. 

'84 Robilliard, Walter H Minn. 

'84 Rogers, L. D Ohio 

'84 Rogers, S. Ida W., Mrs Ohio 

'84 Root, J. D Wis. 

'84 Rowe, Adeline, Miss 111. 

'84 Ruby, Wilber Olan Iowa 

'85 Roasberry, William H Ohio 

'85 Rudorf, Paul 111. 

'86 Reller. William Edward Neb. 

'86 Roberts, Charles W 111. 

'86 Robertson, Jessie E 111. 

'86 Rosenbanm. Frederick Wm Dak. 

'86 Rowland. Mary H 111. 

'88 Rhodes, Robert Raikes Ind. 

'88 Russell. George Abell Wis. 

'89 Ridgw-ay, Minnie 111. 

'89 Robertson. Helen M., Mrs N. Y. 

'89 Rivers, Theresa Krauter 111. 

'89 Russell, Walter E W. T. 

'90 Ransom, Charlie C 111. 

'90 Richards, S. S Ohio 

'90 Roberts. Dwight Jay Cal. 

'90 Roberts, L. M 111. 

'90 Runnals, Ada B N. Y. 

'91 Raines, Taylor E Kan. 

'91 Rasmussen, Robert Ralph Minn. 

'91 Renie, Phineas A 111. 

'91 Rice, Elmer E Iowa 

'91 Ripley, George H Wis. 

'91 Roemer, J. F Ohio 

'92 Replogie, P. S. (M. D.) 111. 

'93 Randall, Nettie H Wis. 

'93 Randall, Silas Warren Wis. 

'93 Rose, Paul Ind. 

'94 Riddle, Mary Adeline Wash. 

'94 Rowley, Grace Alfaretta Ind. 

'94 Ryan, Matthew Maurice N. Y. 

'95 Richmond, Yasbel Garido III. 

'95 Rogers, Jesse Belmont (B. S.)..Mass. 

'96 Rakestraw. Anna H Ind. 

'96 Ressler, Clarence E Ohio 

'96 Rhodes, Clinton C Kan. 

'96 Richer, Jacob D Ind. 

'96 Roe, William B Mich. 

'96 Ronneberg, W. George ]\Iinn. 

'96 Rose, Marie Frazier Penn. 

'97 Ross, Agnes Iowa 

'98 Randall, John Geddes (B. S.)..Wis. 

'98 Royce, Emery Emerson 111. 

'99 Ragatz. John E Mich. 

'00 Reed, Eleanor M N. Y. 

'00 Rath, Albert W Mich. 

'00 Rutherford, Cora B 

'01 Race. Ransom A ...Mich. 

'or Ravald. Marie L 111. 

'01 Rawson, Vance 111. 

'01 Reynolds, Annie E Wash. 

'oT Rcinhardt, B. M Iowa 

'01 Roby, Harlow S 111. 



'01 Rusco. Ralph M 111. 

'01 Russell, Harry L N. Y. 

'02 Rice, Philip Cal. 

'02 Reed, Winifield S 

'02 Rhoades, Lewis T 111. 

'03 Richardson, Edmond E 111. 

'03 Robertson, Helen E 111. 

'04 Ruarc, Grace L Hahn. Hosp. 

'05 Reetz, F. A Hahn. Col. 

'05 Renfer, E. A Hahn. Col. 

'05 Runnells, Burget Hahn. Col. 

"62 Saxton, H. Martin 111. 

'62 Sloan, H. S III. 

'62 Spencer, Joseph V Mich. 

'64 Smart, Anson R Mich. 

'65 Schatz, W. F Ohio 

'66 Sherman, W. F Mich. 

'66 Small, A. E., Jr III. 

'66 Small, Henry N 111. 

'67 Smythe, Sam S Iowa 

'68 Smith, J. Howard Mich. 

'68 Smyth, Frank 111. 

'68 Stout, Henry R Fla. 

'68 Streeter, John W 111. 

'69 Smith, Jno. Miller Wis. 

'70 Sarchet. Geo. B 111. 

'70 Shepard. G III. 

'71 Saunders, J. M Minn. 

'72 Sabin, R. C Wis. 

'72 Shouse, H. C Iowa 

'72 Smith, Ezra Mich. 

'72 Spencer, F. W Wis. 

'72 Stearns, Miss L. E. CFarrer) 111. 

'73 Safford, J. P. CM. D.) lowa 

'73 Seymore, Abby J N. Y. 

'73 Sinclair. M. C Mich. 

'73 Spork, Emily 111. 

'73 Sutherland. Q. O Wis. 

'73 Stinson, Chas. E 111. 

'74 Stanhope, Chas. D Wis. 

'74 Stork, Eugene F Wis. 

'75 Schloemilch, Alb Wis. 

75 Stephens, John R Australia 

'76 Simpson, Wm. S Iowa 

'76 Spinning. J. O Mich. 

'76 Squire, Wm. W. (M. D.) Wis. 

'76 Sykes, David A 111. 

'77 Sax, Isadore 111. 

'77 Seymour, C. H Iowa 

'77 Shepard, Wm. A . .111. 

'77 Shepherd, Zephrania W ?\Tich. 

'77 Smith. Electa R Wis. 

'77 Soans, Freemont (M. D.) Ohio 

'77 Sorenson, Mary Minn. 

'77 Stringham. Jas. A Mich. 

78 Salisburv, W. W 111. 

'78 Shinnick, C. C Iowa 

'78 Siblev. Mary V Me. 

'78 Sibley. Wm. H Me. 

'78 Simmons, D. D 111. 

'78 Snvder, H. T Iowa 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



'78 Southard, R. W 111. 

'78 Spoor, D. E N. Y. 

'78 Steinhouse, H...- ...111. 

'78 Stephenson. Mrs. E. H 111. 

'78 Stewart. C. E 111. 

'78 Stiles, W. H 111. 

'78 Store, R 111. 

'78 Stow, D. J 111. 

'79 Sanders. A. E Ore. 

'79 Santway. F. L N. Y. 

'79 Sears, C. S Mich. 

'79 Smith. F. B !^Iich. 

'79 Spaulding. S. M Minn. 

'79 Spreng. T. F. H Mich. 

'80 Sawyer, A. P , Wis. 

'80 Shears, Geo. F 111. 

'80 Skiles, H. P Iowa 

'80 Smith, Geo. E Iowa 

'80 Stearns. M. J Iowa 

'80 Stevens. C. N :^rass. 

'80 Stiles. F. P 111. 

'80 Stoner. J. J :^Iich. 

'80 Strong. B. F Wis. 

'80 Surles. H. R Mass. 

'81 Schock. W. H Utah 

'8t *Scott. Edwin D Iowa 

'81 Seams, T. (M. D.) Iowa 

'8t Shirlev. James W Mo. 

'8t Smith. Norman P 111. 

'8t Smith. Herbert O 111. 

'8t Snyder. Ida M 111. 

'81 Steinhouse. Mary : N. Y. 

'81 Sweeting. William H N. Y. 

'81 Swift. Charles L N. Y. 

'82 Salter. Johnson P Wis. 

'82 Sawyer, John Emery Mass. 

'82 Sawver, Eugene W Ind. 

'82 Scott, Warren D Colo. 

'82 Seward, Belle 111. 

'82 Seyinour, Mary A III. 

'82 Simmons, Geo. H Colo. 

'82 Smith, Geo. W. P .X. Y. 

'82 *Spcnccr, E. S. B ! 111. 

'82 Steele. Fred Elton Vt. 

'82 Stoaks, Frank E Ohio 

'82 Stone. Wm. T Wis. 

'82 *Stull, Orphclia S N. Y. 

'82 Swan, Jesse J Mass 

'8,3 Shattuck, D. P , , . .Iowa 

'83 Sherman, Nancy B Mich. 

'83 Shoop. C. Irving Mich. 

'83 Smith, A. M N. S. 

'83 Smilh, Charles W Iowa 

'8^ Spates, Finley C Minn. 

'83 Spaulding. Martha B. (A. M.")..Iowa 

'83 Stevens Frederic A Minn. 

'83 Suttle, H. S Wis. 

'84 Sanders, Vida. Miss 111. 

'84 Schiisslcr, Kouis Frank 111. 

'84 Seidiil/. Geo. N., jr. (IV Ph. V .Iowa 

'84 Sherman. C. C Mich. 

'84 Simmons, N. K • '1''" 



•84 
'84 
'84 
'84 
'84 
'84 
'84 
'84 
'84 
'84 



'85 



'86 
'86 
'86 
'S6 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'87 
'87 
'87 
'87 
'87 
'S? 
'87 
•87 
'»7 
'87 
'88 
•88 
'88 
'88 
•88 
•88 
•88 
•88 
•88 
•88 
•8q 
•80 
•8q 
■80 
•80 
'80 
•8^) 
•8«) 



Simonds, Edwin A X. Y. 

Sinclair, James Minn. 

Slocum., M. W Mich 

Smith. C. C Mich. 

Smith. Julia H Ill 

Smith, M. D. (M. D.) Vt. 

Stevens. A. M. (A. M.) [Minn. 

Stevner. John Frederick X^ Y. 

Stone G. L. (M. D.) Va. 

Swallow. F Mont. 

Sweet, E. C. (M. D.) Va. 

Sweezey. Genevive H., Mrs 111. 

Scott. James R Iowa 

*ShaflFer. John X. Y. 

Shattuch. John F Vt. 

Short. James L Kan. 

Shultz, Mary C La. 

Spatz. Joseph E 111. 

Spaulding. Charles W Mich. 

Stanard. Ora Byrd 111. 

Stevens. Harry Frederic 111. 

Swett.- Emily F X. Y. 

Sylvester. William Oscar 111. 

Searles. Orrin Ira 111. 

Shults. John Ward Cal. 

Snyder. Walter C Mich. 

Spaulding. Llewellyn Q Iowa 

Spencer. Emily Elizabeth Kan. 

Stafford. Charles E Mich. 

Stewart. Frank Corwin Ind. 

Stewart. Mary E X. Y. 

Strader. Alice Huntington X^. Y. 

Sackett. Jay LeRoy Minn. 

Schmidt. J. A Germany 

Schott. Ira John 111. 

Schrader. William H 111. 

Shepard. Man.- A Ind. 

Slough. Libbie Olive, Miss Penn. 

Smith. Ida E.. Mrs Penn. 

Smith. Sarah A Iowa 

Sondericker. William 111. 

Stephens. William Richard Penn. 

Scott. Freeman J HI 

Shepard, Wm. T HI. 

Shutterlv. Eugene E Ill- 
Siegfried. J. P Ohio 

Slaughter, Louis N Del. 

Smith. George Rufus Vt. 

Steele. Charles H Wis. 

Stewart, Fstelle Kan. 

Stewart, Willis B Ind. 

Stiles, Vernon W lU. 

Severence, Karl Jorume N. Y. 

Shinier. Chester S. (M. R^.-.-X. Y. 

Small, J. Wintield Mich. 

Speers. M. Eli/aboth Iowa 

Staggs, William .\nilre\\s Iowa 

Starr. Xathau HI- 

Stewart. John W. G Ind. 

.Storer. John HI 

Sohrotc. I L. (M. 0.) Ohio 

^f.lfS. \!l«-ll II l"d 



374 



HISTORY OF HOAICEOPATHY 



90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
'90 
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'91 
'91 

'91 
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/91 
'91 
'91 
'91 
'91 
'91 
'92 
'92 
'92 
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'93 
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'97 

'97 
'97 
'98 
'98 



Shepherd, Belle Hedge Ala. 

Shibley, Mary . C 111. 

Soule, Isaac Clark Neb. 

Spawn, Alyron G 111. 

Stapleton, J. S Mich. 

Stewart, William F Ind. 

Stewart, W. R Ind. 

Storke, Albert French Wis. 

Straub, Effie T Penn. 

Strong, Ralph Wheeler Colo. 

Swan, Charles Joseph Penn. 

Sweeting, Sherman Clapp N. Y. 

Salter, Albert Edmund N. Y. 

Sayles, M. F Ind. 

Schermerhorn, R. Anna Cal. 

Seidel, John George ,. 111. 

Seemann, Fred A Iowa 

Shaw. Carrie 111. 

Smith, Orrin L 111. 

Stephens, Clarence Edwin N. Y. 

*Stettler, Cornelia S 111. 

Stine, Reuben Linden Ind. 

Stone, Spencer Robert Ohio 

Schram, Leo Wis. 

Seitz, Frank B. (M. D.) N. Y. 

Schultz. Louis A 111. 

Snow. R. L Penn. 

Stephens. Edna A Alinn. 

Swift. Ruth E S. Dak. 

Schuhmann. H. H. (D. D. S.)....lll. 

Smith, Caroline F 111. 

Smith. Frank CHnton N. Y. 

Spaulding, Edward M Minn. 

Stephens, Thomas Williams. .. .Penn. 

Sager. Louisa Augusta Ohio 

Satterlee, Louis W 111. 

Shepherd, Lucy 'SI Me. 

Schmitz. Elsie R Wis. 

Smith, Marie R 111. 

Smith, Samuel Gilbert Wis. 

Sherman, Edward Merritt Iowa 

Sheldon, Harriet E 111. 

Stafford. Frederick A Mich. 

Stroup, Frederick E. (B. S.) Ind. 

Searle. Thomas Turner Mich. 

Stubbs. William C. (M. D.) Ohio 

Soliss, John P. (M. D.) 111. 

Serviss, Climina Ill- 

Spencer, Annie Whitney N. Y. 

Staggs, Douglas B Iowa 

Stewart. Alfred J Neb. 

Swantees, Samuel Frederick 111. 

Sax. Arthur Oreatus Kan. 

Shaw, Erwin E. (M. D.) Mo. 

Sickles, Edward Allen 111. 

Smith, George Thomas Ill- 
Small. Charles Kendall (^I. D.), 

ad cuiidon Cal. 

Soule. Francis Justus 111. 

Strawn, Julia Clark 111. 

Seems. Gaillard Francis Iowa 

Simpson, Elmer E. (M. D.) 111. 



00 
'00 
'00 
'00 
'00 
'00 
'01 
'01 
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'01 
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'02 
'02 
'02 
'02 
'02 
'02 
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63 
67 
68 
68 
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74 
■76 



Street, Richard Hamilton HI. 

Stoll, Edgar H N. Y. 

Sadler, Elden H Colo 

Scholl, Jas. G. 

Shufifleton. Frank A 

Stewart, John A 

Strode, Lindley E Kan. 

Schofield. H. R Wis. 

Shedd, Emily 

Smith, Florence 111. 

Soule, Earle A lU. 

Statler, R. T. W 

Studley, Lewis W Neb. 

Swallum, Jas. A 

Swinney. Eva F Del. 

Strong. Warner B . Mich. 

Strong. E. D S. Dak. 

Sheldon, Albert R 

Sikes, Edw. W 111. 

Skinner, Edw. H Mo. 

Simon, Edw. F 

Smith, Norman F Minn. 

Staniford, Ed. R N. H. 

Stewart, Frank W 

Stoddard, Clara M Minn. 

Stone. Felix B Ind. 

Schenkelberger, P. Chas Canada 

Scott. Travis M 

Shafifer, H. Alvin 111. 

Small, Geo. H 111. 

Smith, C. Rozelle Cal. 

Smith, Ralph N Cal. 

Smith, Raymond L 

Smith, Warren A Alich. 

Soles, Fred A 

Statler, Edgar C Pa. 

Steele, Glen M Wash. 

Stockman. James W Iowa 

Schoot, Edward J Ill- 

Schwartz, Rollin 111. 

Schmershall, John F Mich. 

Sears, Ben. L 111. 

Skinner. Harvey O Minn. 

Smith, Delia F 111. 

Smith. Pauline S 111. 

Snavely, John L Hahn. Hosp. 

Summers, Edward 

Seeley, Laura J 

Sharpe. Belle Hahn. Col. 

Snell, D. M Hahi\ Col. 

Squire, C. A Hahn. Col. 

Snyder, G. R Hahn. Col. 

Str.vkcr, R. S Hahn. Col. 

Tibbets. Roswcll Colo. 

Trine. Thomas H. (M. D.) 111. 

Tavlor. Jas. D Mich. 

Taylor, J. R Ky. 

Taylor. Mrs. E. W HI. 

Titus. William H Wis. 

Tuttlc, Adelmer M HI- 

Trott, Stinson E HI- 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



'17 
'77 
'77 
'7S 
'7S 
'79 
'79 
'79 
'8o 
'8o 
'8i 
'82 
'82 
'82 
'82 
'82 
'83 
'83 
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'84 
'85 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'86 
'86 
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'86 



'88 
'88 
'88 
'88 
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'88 



'90 
'90 
'91 
'91 
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'92 
'93 
'95 
'95 
'95 
'95 
'96 
'96 
'97 
'98 
•99 

'99 
'99 

'9«^ 
'00 
'02 
'03 
'03 
'04 



Taylor. Warren E : . . . . 111. 

Thomas, Warren H Ind. 

Timken. Jno. H 111. 

*Thole, H. G 111. 

Tisdale, C. L 'Cal. 

Todd, L. W.. Jr W'is. 

Taylor, B Minn. 

Tucker, J. C. Jr Minn. 

Tousley, R. F Wis. 

Tremaine, O. G Iowa 

Triem, Peter Elsworth Iowa 

Thomas, Edmund P Ohio 

Thompson, Charles L Mich. 

Thurston, Rufus Leander Cal. 

Tillotson, Willie Clinton Vt. 

Towers, Mattie R Ind. 

Trekell, John E 111. 

Tuttle, Clarence M I\Iass. 

Taylor, Albert Charles Mass. 

Thatcher, Fred F Mich. 

Thomas, Richard A Ind. 

Taylor, John James 111. 

Thomas, Annie T. L La. 

Thompson, james Henry Penn. 

Thorpe, Margaret E 111. 

Tracy, Polly Scott Penn. 

Tracy, Stephen P Mich. 

Tubbs. J. Franklin N. Y. 

Turner, Porter Ind. 

Taylor, M. Beatrice N. Y. 

Tedman, Lucius J Mich. 

Thacker, William Henry N. Y. 

Thompson, A. H Ohio 

Thompson, Edward Kenney. . . .Mich. 

Turbett, Samuel O Mich. 

Tuttle, Edwin Russell Wis. 

Thatcher, Haines C N. Y. 

Truitt. William John Del. 

Taylor, Oliver J Kan. 

Tuttle, Francis C Conn. 

Trainor, Kate S Wis. 

Tremaine, J. Eugene Mich. 

Tennoy, Rachel Shaw Kan. 

Thompson, William M Minn. 

Taylor, Richard W Wis. 

Thatcher, W. F. ( M. D. ) Tex. 

Tcnncy. Alonzp C Ill- 

Tillotson, Henry Latimer Vt. 

Topinka, Jennie Trish 111. 

Taylor, Amanda L. (A. M.) 111. 

Thomas, Martha V Ind. 

Taylor. Edward Benjamin Wis. 

Thoerell, John J III. 

Thomas, G. V 

Truax. II. E Ga. 

Tucker, F. A 

Tulleys, Edw. J 

Trask, II. J 

Thomi)S(in. F. E Mich. 

Taylor, Evander I) 111. 

Thomas, llan.ld E Ml- 

Tiiom.i'-. l"liii ^' 



'71 Unland. W. G in. 

'86 Ullery. Arthur O :^Iich. 

'03 Urbain, Victor P Ohio 

'05 L'nderwood, E Hahn. Col. 

'61 Vincent. F. L X, Y. 

'67 Vandervoort, M 111. 

'68 Virion, Jno. B 111. 

'69 Vernon, Elias Iowa 

'73 Vilas, C. H 111. 

'74 Vincent, Thos. G 111. 

'76 VanDusen, Jas. P Mich. 

'76 Van Patten, Andrew 111. 

'79 Voice, Thomas Colo. 

'83 Van Demark. John N. Y. 

'83 Vetterling, Herman C Penn. 

'84 Von Amburgh, Freeman T X. Y. 

'84 Vint, W. D 111. 

'84 Von Burgh, J. P Iowa 

'85 Veenschoten, Teunis Iowa 

'8s Vincent, Clark H Mich. 

'86 Van Velzer, Charles .\lbert 111. 

'88 Violet, Malcom Grseme Wis. 

'86 Vradenburg, Harrv L 111. 

'87 Vincent, Edward E 111. 

'88 Van Doren, Henrj' W Xeb. 

'88 Von Horn, IMary Louisa 111. 

'88 Vary, William Harold IJl. 

'89 Vaughan, Elmer E Vt. 

'89 Vollmar, J. Caspar Mich. 

'91 Van Delinder, Effie Maria 111. 

'95 Voorhies, Robert D La. 

'99 Voss, Geo. H Mich. 

'00 Vaupel, Wellis J Iowa 

'01 Van Schaack (Mrs. Hardy) 111. 

'01 Van Dellan. R. L 111. 

'01 Vickery, Chas. R 111. 

'04 Vis, Edward W 

'05 Van Dyne (Mrs.) .A. I 

'61 Williams. C. A 111. 

'62 Woodward. A. W 111. 

'63 Wales. Henry W III. 

■6:; Woodhouse, Chas 111. 

•66 Woodbury. W. H III- 

'67 W'eber. Chas. S Miiui. 

'67 Westfall, B. R III. 

'67 ^\'heclcr, Bvron A Colo. 

'67 Wright. Ile'nrv B III. 

'68 Walker. Emory J -Mich. 

'()8 Walker, Leland -Mich. 

•68 Wilcox. L. A 111. 

'68 Woolsev, Gilbert R Ill- 

'68 Wright! Jno. J 111. 

'69 Winslow, R. (M. n/> Wis. 

'71 Waggoner. M. K Knv:i 

'7t Williams. T. I> III. 

•71 Wilson. Va\. II III. 

•71 Wilson. \\m W III. 

'7J Wells. J. Wm Mo. 

'72 Wessel. IKnrv Iowa 

•7-: Whitman. Iv S III. 



376 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



73 
'12, 
'74 
'75 
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Whitfield, H. A Mich. 

Williams, Rachel G Ohio 

Wegener, Henry F Colo. 

Welles. Angelo P 111. 

Williams, G. Weston Mich. 

Wilson. William H Wis. 

Weirick, Clement A 111. 

Wilkins, Francis B 111. 

Wilson, Hansom England 

Wilson, W. R 111. 

Wisner. Sarah E 111. 

Whittier. Jackson B Wis. 

W^ard. C. H Wis. 

Wardrobe. J. T Wis. 

Warren, C. D 111. 

Warring, G. E Mich. 

Wavland, J. P 111. 

Weils, L. C Ohio 

Westervelt, J. C 111. 

Wilcox, G. W Ore. 

Wiles, C. K 111. 

Wilson. C. E 111. 

Wisner, Henry 111. 

Wolter, J. G Wis. 

Woodworth, J. N N. Y. 

Washington, Mrs. L Wis. 

Weeks. Mary P 111. 

Whidden, J. W N. H. 

Whippy, W. A Ind. 

Wilson, W. F Iowa 

Woods, D. r 111. 

Wakefield, C. C Mo. 

W^-ird. C. R Wis. 

*Wheeler, E. D 111. 

Whittlesey, D. A Vt. 

Whitmore, W. H Ohio 

Whipple, A. A N. Y. 

Wooley, E 111. 

Walker. J. L 111. 

Wall, Mahlon M 111. 

Waltersdorf, Edmond C Mich. 

Welsheimer, John M Mich. 

*Westfall, Almedo P Minn. 

Wood, E. Hamlin N. Y. 

Waggoner, Geo. W Penn. 

Walker, Leonidas C Ohio 

Walsh, Charles A Mich. 

Ward, George Curwin Mass. 

Webb, William Burton Wis. 

Wetmore, Jerred D Mich. 

Wheeler, Frank Vt. 

Wade, Frank Swan (B. S.) Me. 

Waite, Lucy C 111. 

Watkins, Henry T Penn. 

Watry, Joseph Wis. 

Watts, Francis E. (Ph. B.)....Mich. 

Webster, John P Wis. 

Wells. Cathrine J N. Y. 

Wheeler, Charles E 111. 

Whitcomb, S. C 111. 

Whitfield. Nathaniel C Dak. 

Whitfield, Amelia 'A. (M. D.)...Dak. 

Whitney, Franklin H 111. 



'83 
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'^7 



'88 



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Willis, Robert Wis. 

Worcester, George W Vt. 

Workman, William M Wis. 

Worth. John R 111. 

Worthington, Samuel M., Jr Ky. 

Wyckoff, Peter S Penn. 

Walker, Catherine N. Y. 

Watson, C. M. E Mich. 

W^elch, Thomas Rice Ky. 

Wilier, Albert M N. Y. 

Waddell, Flora A. (M. D.)...Ohio 

Waddell, James H Ohio 

Webster, Bernard Newton Wis. 

Webster, Edwin Clement 111. 

Whitney, Fred James Vt. 

Whitely, Eliza Lawton England 

Wilcox, Sarah Catherine Iowa 

Wright, G. H. (M. D.).W^ash., D. C. 

Waggoner, Charles T Iowa 

Walthall, James Madison La. 

Wilson, Edward Mich. 

Worcester, Frank D Vt. 

Wheeler, Frances W., Mrs 111. 

Ward, David W. 111. 

Waters, Frank Richardson 111. 

Weeks, George H. P 111. 

W^oodburn, William Kan. 

Whitier, George N 111. 

Watson, William W Mich. 

Webster, Judson T Wis. 

Welch, William Robert Kan. 

West, Isaac C Tex. 

Whelan, Martha Wash, D. C. 

Walters, Frank A ^Mont. 

Whittlesey, June Adaline Cal. 

Willy, Milo A Dak. 

Winget, Stephen E Penn. 

Williams, Olin A Penn. 

Woodman, Julia Frances ]\Iass. 

Watts, A. Elizabeth Penn. 

Warren. Mrs. May 111. 

West. Edwin James N. J. 

White, William Henry Ind. 

Whitefield, George Frederick. . .]\Iich. 

Whippy, George A Ind. 

Wolf, Geo Ind. 

Woolsey, William Watson Penn. 

Waldron, George F., Jr ]\Iass. 

Willing, William C lU. 

Whitcomb, Lena Morgan Wis. 

Wall, O. L. M Iowa 

Wollam, J. F Ohio 

Walcutt, Sherman Ohio 

Wilson, Anna Louisa Ind. 

Wise. William C. (D. D. S.) 111. 

Woods, Herbert Carlton Iowa 

Worthen, Charles Wesley Vt. 

Wright, Mary Jane Conn. 

Willey, Jennie E Wis. 

Warvel, Joseph L Ind. 

Ward, Lewis Americus Wis. 

Whitaker, Furman Chairs Fla. 

Winter. Marv 111. 



HISTORY OF HO:\ICEOPATHY 



377 



'95 Woodworth, Seymour A Mich. 

'95 Whitney, Howard E Mich. 

'96 Waggoner, Malancthon R., Jr... Iowa 

'96 Walton, Charles Archibald 111. 

'96 Walters, John Ind. 

'96 Ward, Harriet B 111. 

'96 Welch, Charles Edgar Ohio 

'96 Webster, Joseph B 111. 

'96 Whipple, Cullen H Ohio 

'96 White, Annie H 111. 

'96 White, Mary Bewixk (M. D.)..Neb. 

'96 Willing, Mary H Ind. 

'96 Wood, Reuben Henry Minn. 

'97 White, Charles A Ind. 

'97 Wilkins, David W 111. 

'97 Wood, Hiram D., Jr Minn. 

'97 Woodard, Herbert B Wis. 

'97 Woodworth, Gertrude H Iowa 

'98 Watts, Edith Gertrude Wis. 

'98 Wilson, William Henry (B. S.)...I11. 

'99 Waterbury, Chas. A Iowa 

'99 Wells, Mary J Wis. 

'99 West. Emma J }ilich. 

'99 Winchell, Marie A 

'99 Wood, Fred W III. 

'00 Worley, Wm. H Iowa 

'01 Waters, Theo. H 111. 

'01 Wousettler, Grace L Kan. 

'02 Washburn, Geo. W ill. 

'03 Ward, Netta (Mrs. Metcalf) . .Texas 

'03 Westfall, F. Kemper III. 

'03 White. Paul G Mich. 

'03 Weller, Arthur N. J. 

'03 Woltman, Fred'k 

'03 Woltman, Henry 111. 

'03 Wulstein, William 111. 

'04 Wick, Willianr W Ore. 

'04 Woltman. Katherine Mo. 

'OS Welch, H. R 

'05 Wilson, L. S 

'OS Whalen, R. H 

'05 Warren, Rosamond P Hahn. Col. 

'oS Wharton. J. F Hahn. Col. 

'05 Wilkins, J. P Hahn. Col. 

'70 Ycomans, Clara Iowa 

'71 Yeomans, S. P Iowa 

'72 Young, Jno. R Iowa 

'86 Yates, Tandy G Kv. 

'88 Yarnoll. Janus E Ohio 

'88 Yates, Clinton J Neb. 

'88 Young, Daniel !• N. Y. 

'88 Young, Julius 111. 

'8g Yoiuig, Aunk- M III. 

'qS Yates, John Noble Del. 

'99 Young, D. Webster 

'01 Yereniian, O. H 

'04 Zimnu-rnian, .'\melia Wis. 

'OS Zoiler, .S. W 

AD Kt'NI»i:M 1111'I.OMAS. 

Anderson, Thomas Mass. 



Adams, H. Alden Ind. 

Armstrong, Charles A 111. 

Austria, William F Wis. 

Adsit. Joseph S 111. 

Axtell, Eugene E Wis. 

Appleton, T. J Wash. 

Blunt, Arthur W Iowa 

Bamsdall, J. Waller Conn. 

Benson, Lester J 111. 

Balliet, M. R Iowa 

Besser, Emil Ind. 

Binnewies, Frank Wis. 

Bailey, William H Mo. 

Bader, Samuel D Ind. 

Bernard, Chas. C 111. 

Boynton, William E 111. 

Balyeat, Edmond A Mich. 

Bartholomew, R. W Kan. 

Blatchly, Oscar P Kan. 

Biddle, Jesse T .■ Pa. 

Buchanan, Helen M 111. 

Barminger, Charles E Mich. 

Becker, Wm. F 111. 

Bodle, Arthur T Mich. 

Buehler, Emil A Iowa 

Boaz, Charles 111. 

Bowman, A. Perry Iowa 

Brown, G. LeRoy..... 111. 

Botsford, Claude W 111. 

Clark, F. T Wis. 

Collester, Joseph C Iowa 

Costain, T. Edward 111. 

Clark, Ira D N. Dak. 

Cowell, Edward M Pa. 

Chilgren. Carl O S. Dak. 

Carr, Ceylon S Ohio 

Collins, P. Phelps Colo. 

Clark, Wallace C X. Y. 

Cartwright, Richard Ore. 

Colvin, Henry E Vt. 

Clawson, F. Allison Pa. 

Coleman, Ellenwood B Mass. 

Culver, Forest E 111. 

Caulkings, Frank N. Y. 

Carder, George H Cal. 

Gate. William A Neb. 

Courtney, John F III. 

Cromwell, Edward G 111. 

Chase, Henry H 111. 

Doane, William H N. Y. 

Dudley, l->cderick J 111. 

Duriiaiu. Clarence J Mich. 

Dobbins, George S 111. 

DaCosta, Albert R.. Jr III. 

Davis. W. N Wa.sh. 

Dean, Hollis G Pa. 

Donnelly, Geo. K III. 

Dale, Harvey H Wis. 



:-578 



HISTORY OF HOMOEOPATHY 



Edmonds. Enos A Ind. 

Elms, Julius K Neb. 

Evans, F. B N. Mex. 

Erving, John * 111. 

Fenner, Harry B Neb. 

Eraser. E. J Cal. 

Franklin, William R 111. 

Frazee, Charles M Wash. 

Foote.Dellizon A. (A. M.) Neb. 

Forristall. D. E Kan. 

Fash. Martin H 111. 

Fahrnev, Berv E Ill- 

Fitz Patrick, Gilbert HI- 

Guild. William L 111. 

Guild, Wm. Alva (M. S.) Iowa 

Greenwood, Samuel D Wis. 

George, Edgar J 111. 

Guy, Alilton P Mich. 

Geiger. Charles W Ill 

Gilderman, Frederick H 111. 

Grosser, Edward W Ill- 

Gillogly, Raymond C Ill- 
Hedges. Samuel P 111- 

Hnbbell, Abraham F Ill- 
Hooker, Frederick N. Y. 

Hemsteger, John A 111. 

Harter. Frank D Mich. 

Hill, :\Iarving 111- 

Hallman, V. H Ark. 

Hedges, Albert P Ill- 

Hawlev, Amasa S Ariz. 

Hollen. Henry B Mich. 

Horney, Harlon Texas 

Harkness, Carleton A Ill- 
Holland, Armatus S 111- 

Hauchett, A. P Iowa 

Hoover. Claude E Ohio 

Hermann, John Iowa 

Harmon, Henry Ill- 

Hoag, Charles A 111- 

Hobart, William F N. Dak. 

Hartman, Alfred 111- 

Hiefgins, Otis C Ind. 

Haley, William F 111- 

Hamlin, George B Ill- 

Howlette, George C Ill- 

Huntley, Fred M Mich. 

Hermetet, John W Ill- 
Johnston. J. Eaton Ill- 

Jonncv, Charles M Kan. 

Jennings. R. D S. Dak. 

Johns, Emory B Ky. 

Jiroch, Ralph S Mich. 

Johnston, Henry E Wis. 

Jaynes, W. Cullen B 111. 

Krvgowski. Anthonv I"- 

Keilv. E. D 111. 



Koch, Charles L 111. 

Kauffman, Ira D Iowa 

Kinvon, Clauduis B Mich. 

Kuntz, Wm. H Del. 

Kugan, Wm N.' Y. 

Knapp. Rollin G 111. 

Lathrop. William C 111. 

Le Fevre, Wells Ark. 

Lewey, Alfred 111. 

Lathrop, Clarence Mich. 

Leonard, Arthur C Ky. 

Longwell, Demerest W Pa. 

Long, Charles H 111. 

Lefforge, Carl N. M, 

Logsdon Wm. T Kan. 

Larkin, Edmund F Ind. 

Lawrence, William D Minn. 

Lowenthal, Louis 111. 

Lawton, Thomas 111. 

Longwell. John P Pa. 

Lenz, John G Idaho 

McFarland, Thomas S Ill- 
Mitchell. CHfford 111. 

Maxwell, Adelbert B Iowa 

Morrison. H. Ernest 111. 

Mansifee, William H Mo. 

McFarland. John Iowa 

IMarstillcr, Francis M Ill- 

Moe, George HI- 

Moon, Sevmour B Pa. 

Molkup, Frank C Ill 

Mize. Harlan E 111- 

McCormick. R. Seth Ind. 

IVTordofif. Charles H 111- 

INIiner, Henry R Neb. 

Neumeister, A. E iMo. 

Newberry, Frank J Cal. 

Nellis, A. S. Byrne Ohio 

Nain Isabel P.. Wis. 

Neiberger, William E Ill- 

Polglase, William A Mich. 

Purdey, Obadiah A D. C 

Pritchard, William E Cal. 

Pagan, F. C R- I- 

Patton, William M IH- 

Pelton, Byron H IH- 

Riickle, William M Neb. 

Rvan. James E N. Y. 

Richardson. David H » IH- 

Renncr, Edwin G S. Dak. 

Ruffe, Alphonso L Mich, 

Reichardt, F. E HI. 

Regan, Milton R Ark. 

Robinson, John L L^- 

Ross, Solon D Kan. 

Runnels. Sollis Ind. 

Rccd, Charles J S. Dak. 



HISTORY OF H0:MCE0PATHY 



379 



Richardson, Sidney J Onio 

Raach, John H 111. 

Rei?e. Tohn Adolph 111. 

Rv.gQles. William L Ill 

Rockwell, Cortland B 111. 

Replogie, Frank .*. Colo 

Smith, Julia H 111. 

Smith. Albert Kan. 

Schneider, S. N 111. 

Sinclair, D. S. .♦. :\lich. 

Sutherland, Frederick E Wis. 

Smith, Robert M N. J. 

Schultz, Charles L Wis. 

Stearns, William M 111. 

Steves, Bert J Wis. 

Smith. S. Darwin 111. 

Sweet. A. B Okla. 

Schaubel. Geo. M 111. 

Swartout, Wallis C 111. 

Suder, John F Mich. 

Spooner. Henry M Mich. 

Shearburn. Arthur P 111. 

Stoddard. Charles L Iowa 

Stelle. Leonard K N. Y. 

Smith, Elijah S 111. 

Sweet, Ed. A Mont. 

Sholl J. Rex ..111. 

Stevenson, Burton L N. Y. 

Sharp, Judson H Wis. 

Shearburn. E. W Kan. 

Thome, Arthur G 111. 

Timm. John F Hi. 



Toole, E. H 111. 

Tilson, Washburn Ind 

Treat. Chas. R Wis. 

Turbin. Louis M 111. 

Thompson, Mark M HI. 

T winem. John S Neb. 

Thomas, John W Ore. 

Yarney, J. Delmer Ohio 

Ward. Samuel H Ind. 

\Miitman. Frank S 111. 

Ward. Albert L 111. 

Woodruff, Edward D Utah 

Wells. Frank X 111. 

Wolfe. Roy E Colo. 

Wright, Jacob E Ind. 

Wood, George B Iowa 

White. Roland T Pa. 

Warthen. L. J Kan 

West. Albert M 111. 

Wiggins. Charles C III. 

West. Hugh H 111. 

Webster, Alfred M Mich. 

Winsett, B. Franklin Iowa 

Welker, J. Wesley 111. 

W'aldo. Elmer E Kan. 

Wav, C. C Wash. 

West, Wm. F Wash. 

Young. Thomas M Wash. 

Zimmerman, Geo Ohio 



* Deceased. 



380 HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



CHAPTER XIII 

HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICAL COLLEGE OF MISSOURI. 
B}-- Lucien C. McElwee, M. D., Dean. • 

On November 23, 1857, the general assembly of Missouri passed an act 
to incorporate the Homoeopathic Medical College of Missouri, located at 
Saint Louis, and appointed the following trustees : George M. Wimer, George 
R. Taylor, Robert Renick, Samuel C. Davis and Gen. Bernard Pratte. This 
charter was proposed and drawn up by Dr. John C. Morgan, and after re- 
vision was enacted by the legislature with the combined solicitations of Drs. 
John T. Temple and H. B. Peterson, who were ably assisted by Hon. Mont- 
gomery Blair, who was then in the state senate. In 1859 several of the most 
prominent representatives of homoeopathy in the west met in Saint Louis 
for the purpose of organizing a college under this charter. During this meet- 
ing the following persons were appointed professors of the first faculty : 

R. E. W. Adams, M. D., of Springfield, Illinois, professor of theory and 
practice. 

B. L. Hill, M. D., of Cleveland, Ohio, professor of institutes and prac- 
tice of surgery. 

J. Brainerd, M. D., of Cleveland, Ohio, professor of chemistry and med- 
ical botany. 

A. R. PJartlett, M. D.. of Aurora, Illinois, professor of physiology and 
general pathology. 

E. A. GuiltDcrt, M. D., of Dubuque, Iowa, professor of obstetrics and 
gynecology, and diseases of children. 

John T. Temple, M. D.' of Saint Louis, professor of materia medica. 

'William Tod Helmuth, M. D., of Saint Louis, professor of anatomy. 

The officers of the faculty were John T. Temple, dean, and William Tod 
Helmuth, registrar. The civil war caused the board of trustees to suspend 
work during the years of 1861-62 and '63, but in 1864 lectures were resumed 
under more favorable auspices than before and an entire faculty of resident 
professors was appointed. With but few changes and little to disturb its 
peace and harmony the college continued to prosper until the fall of 1869, 
when Dr. Helmuth returned from Europe, where he had spent some _ time 
studying surgery at Berlin and Vienna and " started something " by organ- 
izing what was afterwards known as Helmuth's College, or the Saint Louis 
College of Homoeopathic Physicians and Surgeons, with almost an entirely 
new faculty. The Homoeopathic Medical College of Missouri, however, con- 
tinued to maintain its prestige and popularity. The classes in each college 
were small, but both labored with competitive pride and zeal to lead in the 
race for professional preferment. After the close of the second year (1871) 
the new college closed its doors and was " down and out." In the spring of 
1872 another college styled the Saint Louis Homoeopathic College of Med- 
icine and Surgery was projected, but was not encouraged and was abandoned 
before the lecture season arrived. From this time until 1880 our alma mater 
was prosperous and harmonious. At the close of the spring session of that 



HISTORY -OF HOMCEOPATHY 



381 



year (1880) the management, for financial reasons, decided to obtain a new 
charter and a new name — Saint Louis Cohege of Homoeopathic Physicians 
and Surgeons — Helmuth's old title. This college also was not popular and 
accordingly some of the friends of the old college under the leadership of 
Dr. William C. Richardson issued an announcement for the next session, 1880- 
1881, which contained a note to the alumni and profession, from which the fol- 
lowing are extracts, viz. : 

" The faculty and board of trustees to whom were confided, a few years 
since, the interests and welfare of the Homoeopathic Ivledical College of ]\Iis- 
souri, saw fit at the close of the last course of lectures, for reasons best known 




Scull 1;. i'; 



.M. i). 



to themselves, to abandon the college nanu- and prestige established during 
an honorable and praiseworthy career of oxer twenty years." * * * 
" They have (jrganized an entirely new college under an eiitirelv new name, 
thus throwing out the alunnii of an acknowleilged alma mater. It is now 
the intention of the present board luuler a new charter to perpetuate the rec- 
onl and maintain the nanu- of tin- old institution and its graduates." 

Accordingly tlu- did college was re-established inider the old name, but 
for two years Imlli iustitulidns were maintaiiu-d, until the mother scIkxiI 
emerged froui tlu Ii.it " a wimirr," and since has stood unrivaled in lur 
dignity of professional character ami misurpassed in her icctitnde i^i profes- 
sional coiKluct, in excellence i)f instruction ami regularity »\ntil in iSt><» wliei) 



•]82 HISTORY OF HOMGEOPATHY 

she became a reproach to all other medical schools in Missouri, because it 
was said of her by the then secretary of the state board of health, Dr. Willis 
P. King-, that "the only college in the whole state of Missouri which has 
without exception lived up to and adhered to the requirements of the state 
board of health is the one, sir, of which you are dean." speaking to Dr. Will- 
iam C. Richardson, then president of Missouri Institute of Homoeopathy in 
session at Kansas City. A few months prior to that Dr. Frank J- Lutz, the 
then president of the Missouri state board of health, said to the reporters 
of the afternoon papers : " It is a sad commentary on the regular profession 
when thev must look to the homoeopaths for regularity." This was said in 
an unguarded effusion of the bitterness of his heart, when all the allopathic, 
the eclectic and other medical colleges in the state had flagrantly trans- 
gressed the cherished rules of the Missouri state board of health governing 
matriculation of freshmen students, except the Homoeopathic Medical Col- 
le'ge of Missouri. So vigorous and severe were these rules that only three 
freshmen students were matriculated by our alma mater that year (1896). 

The number of students in the old and new colleges being about equal 
to the former classes in the old college alone (1881-82), it was concluded to 
merge the interests of the two institutions, which was accordingly done under 
the old name in the fall of 1882. This term began under more promising 
auspices than ever during her eventful history. The following were the 
officers and faculty for the year 1882-3: C. W. Spalding. M. D., president; 
S. B. Parsons, M. D., secretary; William Collison, M. D.. treasurer: Philo 
G. A^alentine. A. M., M. D., business manager. Honorary Board of Trus- 
tees : John M. Harney. J. H. Crane. Azel B. Howard, Gen. John W. Xolile. 
Hon. E. O. Stanard, Hon. John B. Henderson and Right Rev. C. F. Robert- 
son, bishop of Missouri. 

Officers of Faculty: W. A. Edmonds, A. M., M. D., (Uan ; W. B. Mor- 
gan. A. M., M. D., registrar. 

Faculty of Medicine : 

W. A. Edmonds, A. M., M. D., professor of diseases of children. 

C. W, Spalding, M. D., professor of physiology and dental surgery. 

William C. Richardson, M. D., professor of obstetrics and gynecology. 

J. Martin Kershaw, M. D., professor of brain, spinal and nervous dis- 
eases. 

James A. Campbell, M. D.. professor of o])litlialmok\gy and otology. 

Philo G. Valentine, M. D.. professor of theory and practice of medicine. 

Adolph Uhlemeyer. M. D.. professor of materia medica and therapeutics. 

^V. John Harris. M. D.. professor of clinical medicine, hygiene and sani- 
tation. 

Traenius D. Foulon, A. M.. M. D.. LL. B.. professor of medical juris- 
prudence. 

J. T. Kent, A. M.. M. D.. professor of principles and ])racticc of surgery. 

W. B. Morgan, A. M.. M. D.. Ph. G.. professor of anatomy. 

Lee H. Dowling. Ph. D.. professor of chemistry and toxicology. 

Up to this time the number of the alumni exceeded three hundred and 
fiftv. Since that time the old college has lived permanently in a building at 
Jefferson avenue and Howard street, where every reasonable e(|uipment for 
teaching medical students may be found, and so well are they used and so 
well does the large faculty impart instruction, that our junior students have 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 



883 



passed the various state boards of medical examination with equal ease and 
certainty as the seniors and graduates of other neighboring colleges. 

Dr. Richardson was first secretary of the Missouri School of Midwifery, 
several years editor of the obstetrical department of the " Western Homoe- 
opathic Observer," and later editor and proprietor of '* The Homoeooathic 
Courier." In 1878 he wrote a text book on obstetrics which has become a 
standard authority, not only in the homoeopathic schools of America, but 
of Europe. He is a free, fluent and ready speaker. Frank Kraft stvles him 
^' Richardson the debonair." Our alumni now number nearly one thousand. 

Almost fifty years having elapsed since beginning, this would seem a small 




Will. C. RicliaRlson. .\l. I). 



number to giaduali- in so long a time, but "quality noi (|u;miity ' h.is boon 
our motto; and siuvly what we have lost in ([uantity we have gained in 
quality; for we are jiroud of our alumni and justly so. because after gradu- 
ating they practice medicine and are sucoessfui from all jioints of view; and 
better still, they are found in tlu- Inmi rank of tlu- profession in whatever 
locality they mav be found. 

The attention of the reader is calKd to the following list of our honor 
roll, or those who by their general exoilKiui,' liave secureil the liighest grades 
in their respective classes. W'e givi- tluir order ami locations from the tunc 
of records showing their standing at s^raihialion. 



384 HISTORY OF HOAJCEOPATHY 

Dr. Jesse F. Fair 1885, now living in Trenton, I\Io. 

Dr. Frank Kraft 1886, editor "American Physician, Cleveland. 

Ohio. 

Dr. Jennie ]\Iedlev 1887, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dr. Wm. Keany 1888, De Soto, ISlo. 

Dr. Alfred J. Norman 1889, unlocated. 

Dr. Louis Lemke 1890, unlocated. 

Dr. Willis Young- 1891, St. Louis, Mo. 

Dr. Helena A. Goerke 1892, Mexico. 

Dr. Alice Butterworth 1893, married, last heard of in Chicago. 

Dr. E. J. Hall 1894. Rochester, N. Y. 

Dr. Peter Brickbauer 1895, St. Louis, Mo. 

Dr. C. R. Armstrong 1896, Thorntown, Indiana. 

Dr. F. Auf der Heide 1897, Drake, Missouri. 

Dr. W. W. Gilbert 1898, St. Louis, Mo. 

Dr. J. A. Hirsch . . .' 1899, Edwardsville, 111. 

Dr. H. A. LHilemeyer 1900, St. Louis, Mo. 

Dr. J. W. Higson . 1902, St. Louis, Mo. 

Dr. Josephine McNeill 1903, married. 

Dr. Edward Schultz 1904, St. Louis, Mo. 

Dr. F. Kirsch. Jr 1905, E. St. Louis. 

Dr. Kuefer 1905, Bay, Mo. 

We wish to emphasize the fact that our graduates, as a class, have taken 
the various state medical board examinations and passed them with great 
credit to their alma mater. The " Journal of the American Medical Associa- 
tion " has misrepresented us in its May, 1905, issue by publishing an unjust 
report, making it appear that eight per cent of our graduates fail in state 
board examinations, when as a matter of fact the reverse is the case. 

The succession of deans, as far as can be ascertained: Temple, 1859-72; 
Franklin, 1872-74; Temple, 1874-76; Franklin, 1876-78; \Valker, 1878-82; 
Edmonds, 1882-86; Parsons, 1886-91; Richardson, 1891-99; Morgan, 1899- 
1903 ; McElwee, 1903 . 

Registrars: Helmuth, 1859-69; Richardson, 1869-72; \'alentine, 1872- 
82; Morgan, 1882-83; Valentine, 1883-84; Kent. 1884-88; Burleigh, 1888- 
91; McElwee, 1891-1901 ; Gibson. 1901-02; Luyties, 1902-05; Gilbert, 

1905 • 

In 1896, on account of the limitations of the original charter, with the 
aid of Professor F. H. Bacon a new charter was obtained for ninety-nine 
years. Under its provisions the old form of management was changed to 
a close corporation, with thirteen incorporators, viz. : Dr. James A. Camp- 
bell, president; Dr. L. C. McElwee, secretarv ; Dr. William C. Richardson, 
JDr. A. H. Schott, Dr. S. B. Parsons, Dr. W.'B. Morgan, Dr. D. M. Gibson, 
Dr. F. H. Bacon, Dr. F. William Grundmann. Dr. C. H. Goodman, Dr. W. 
John Harris, Dr. W. L. Galloway and Dr. C. J. Luyties ; with a capital stock 
of $30,000, secured by first deed of trust gold bonds bearing six per cent 
interest, the principal due in twenty years. The debt of the college since 
then has been gradually reduced, so that up to date it is a mere convention- 
ality, it seeming to be necessary for college bodies and governments in gen- 
eral to be in debt more or less, evidently to prevent prodigality. 

The dispensary in connection with the college is probably the most pro- 
ductive, from a money point of view, of any in the country. Lender the 
present management of Drs. J. L. Dryden and W. W. Gilbert, some eleven 
thousand patients are treated annually, and the gratuities fron^ these patients 
not onl}' pay the interest on the bonded debt and the outlav for drugs to 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHY 385 

supply the institution, but also a big piece on the annual reduction of the 
principal. This has been due to the careful management that has ever char- 
acterized its finances through the watchfulness of Dr. James A. Campbell, 
treasurer for some twenty or more years, then Dr. W. B. ^Morgan, and 
after him the present Dr. J- L. Dryden; and with the maintenance of the 
high standard of qualifications both pre-matriculate and post-graduate, and 
the sensitiveness of professional character which has always been noticeable 
in this college, we reasonably expect that its future history will be written 
in about the same tone as at the present. 

The outlook for homoeopathy is encouraging in this part of the country 
and will remain so as long as we retain individuality. If there is any threat- 
ening element this one — loss of individuality — is the greatest, and is in fact 
the only one worth mentioning. We of the west have not accomplished as 
much in many ways yet as " you lads " in the east have wrought : but our 
explanation and possible excuse is that we are still doing pioneer work, and 
the timber with which we have to work is not of the same seasoned, ductile 
variety with which }ou are wont to work. But we are equally convinced that 
with the same opportunities for advancement and improvement as the east 
affords, the west will join hands with the east and they will sing in songs of 
exultation and triumph that will have as its refrain "Homoeopathy ! The 
golden milestone of medical progress." 

The pioneer of homoeopathy in Missouri was Dr. John T. Temple. A. ^[.. 
who came to Saint Louis in 1844. He was a native of King William county, 
Virginia, and was class'cally educated at Lexington, Va. He graduated in 
medicine in 1824 (University of Maryland) and practiced in Washington. 
D. C, until 1833, when he moved to Chicago. He was converted to homoe- 
opathy there in 1843 'ind in 1848 established the " Southwestern Homoe- 
opathic Medical Journal," which he maintained for two years, or until in- 
fected with the gold fever which drew him to California for two years ; but 
like thousands of others he found the delirium and saw the mirage only, and 
when the ignis fatuus vanished he became disgusted and returned to Saint 
Louis. In 1857, with the aid of other physicians and the very active and 
learned attorney and state senator, IMontgomcry Blair, he founded the Homoe- 
opathic Medical College of Missouri, and was its first dean. The chair of 
materia medica and homoeopathic therapeutics was occui^ied by him until 
1877. On account of his enthusiasm and professional skill, ho earneil the 
soubriquet of " Nestor of Homoeopathy." He always was ready to advo- 
cate and defend homoeopathy, and many of his treatises wore copied into for- 
eign languages. Next in order came T)i-. ('. W. SpauUling, who canio to 
Saint I^uis from Flatbush, N. Y., in i84(). lie also was a convert to Ikmuit- 
opathy and a man of fine attainments and an excellont physician. He ilied 
two years after his arrival. Shortly following these were Drs. Ira \'ail. from 
Kentucky, who went from here to New (h-loans; Dr. Steinestel. who died 
of cholera in 1849. Drs. Haughton and llougli came from Tennessee. Dr. 
Hough died of consumpti(^n, and Dr. 1 langhton went to New York in 1853. 

Dr. J. T. V^'istiiir, a highly accomi)lished man and physician, came to 
Saint Louis in i84(). lli- won many friends to homtinpatln , and became a 
member of the f:iculty of tlu- l!om(eo|)athic Medical ColU-j^e oi Missouri, 
lie died in 1872, gn-atly regri'tte«l and iiioiiined. He was succeeded bv his 
son. Dr. (Ii.ulis \ aslini", who was in active and lucrative practice until iS«h") 
or '<)\, when he c.imr to an luitimch end in a losing struggle with cartiiac 



38H 



HISTORY OF HOMCEOPATHV 



asthma. Dr. Charles \'astine left no son to take up the cause where he laid 
it down, but he was active and consistent in his espousal of similia while he 
lived. Besides being a teacher in the college, he was a member of the visit- 
ing staff of the Saint Louis Children's Free Hospital, which in i88i was 
founded by the late Dr. John C. Cummings and Mrs. Appoline I. Blair, then 
the wife of Frank P. Blair, who was so popular in the hearts and minds of 
the G. A. R. of Missouri. 

Dr. Thomas Griswold Comstock was born in Le Roy, Genesee county, 
New York, July 27, 1828. After finishi