Skip to main content

Full text of "History of Huntingdon and Blair counties, Pennsylvania"

See other formats




Darl Me,nonal Library 

3 1735 060 441 957 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

University of Pittsburgh Library System 








18 8 3. 




This handsomely-printed and illustrated volume is the result of the efforts of Major Louis 
H. Everts to prepare and publish a history of the counties of Huntingdon and Blair. The 
material for the histories of the several sub-divisions of these counties was chiefly collated and 
the sketches prepared by writers detailed for that purpose by the publisher, as follows: J. L. 
Rockey for Barree, Brady, Franklin, Henderson, Jackson, Juniata, Logan, Miller, Morris, 
Oneida, Porter, Walker, Warrior's Mark, and West townships of Huntingdon County, and 
Snyder and Tyrone of Blair County; Dr. Thomas Cushing for Carbon, Cass, Hopewell, Lincoln, 
Tod, and Union; William H. Shaw for Clay, Cromwell, Dublin, Shirley, Springfield, and Tell 
townships of Huntingdon; and J. H. Schenck for the other townships of Blair County. The 
sketcli of the city of Altoona was commenced by J. P. Snell, and completed, after his death, 
by Dr. Thomas Cushing and others, and that of Penn township was written by Dr. John H. 
Wintrode. Chapter XVII., the " Bench and Bar," was prepared by Theodore H. Cremer, Esq., 
and the narratives of the numerous military organizations that participated in the great conflict 
for the maintenance of the integrity of our national Union were written by Capt. Franklin 
Ellis. Additional information, drawn from various reliable sources, was incorporated with these 

It is not claimed tliat this work is free from error. It treats of a region whose history 
began nearly a century and a half ago, and which has within that period developed from an 
-almost ti-ackless wilderness to become the happy home of ninety thousand people. It requires 
great care to separate truth from error in the numerous cherished traditions of past events. This 
duty has been as faithfully performed as possible under the attending circumstances. Much 
valuable information will be found in the following pages that never before appeared in print or 
was accessible to the public. 

Very many of the citizens of the two counties cheerfully responded to requests for informa- 
tion, or kindly tendered it, and they thereby contributed much to the thoroughness of details of 
the work. To all such respectful acknowledgment is made. Some localities have been more 
minutely described than others. A reason for this will be found in the fact that the residents 
of such districts manifested an interest in the work, and assisted in procuring valuable data 
pertaining to their respective neighborhoods. 

HxTNTiNaDON, Pa., March 15, 1883. 



The English Claim to rennsylvania— SwediBh and Dutch Poseeseion 

-Final acknowlpdgn 

tit uf the EngliBh Claim.. 

Erection of Lancaster, Cumberland, and Bedford Counties — Pur- 
chase of the Indian Titles — Erection of Townships and Election 
Districts— Local Officers 

1 Occupation — Lenni Lenape — Iroquois— Complaiu 
s by the Whites on Unpurchased Lands 

The Murder of John Armstrong, an Indian Trade 

and his Com- 

The Original Inhabitants of the Juniata Valley— Unlawful Intru- 
sions upon their Lands — Efforts of the Government to restrain the 


The Indian and French War of 1755— Erection of Forts Shirley, 
Standing Stone, Fetter's, Holliday's, Lowry's,Hartsock'8, Ly tie's, 
Anderson's, McAlevy's, and Roberdeau — Troubles with the In- 
dians during the Revolutionary War — Tory Expedition to Kit- 

Highways— Indian Paths- Public Roads— The River— Turnpike 
Roads— Canals— Railroads 

Early Settlements— Names of Pioneers 


Huntingdon— The Warm Springs— Jack's Narrows— Fort Shirley- 
Black Log Valley— The Clugage Family, and the Shades of Death 
in 1776 

Confiscation of the Estates of Traitors 

Formation of Huntingdon County — Erection of County Buildings... 

The Constitutional Conventions of 1776,1790, 1838, and 187.3 


Iron Manufacture 

List of Marriages by Rev. John Johnston, 1787 to l82:i, 34'.l couples.. 

The Press of Huntingdon County 



Military— War of the Rebellion— The Three Yeani' Troops— The 

Twenty-fifth Regiment 

Military— The Forty-ninth and Fifty-third Regiments 

-The Sixty-second Regiment 

Military- The Seventy-sixth and Seventy-seventh Regiments 


Military — Eighty-fuurth Regiment 

Military — Ninety-second Regiment— One Hundred and Tenth Regi- 
ment—The Twelfth Cavalry 

Military— War of the Rebellion continued— One Hundred and 
Twenty-fifth Regiment 


One Hundred and 
nth Regiments 

Military— War of the Rebellion continued— Nineteenth and Twen- 
tieth Cavalry, and One Hundred and Ninety-second Hegiment...- 

Military— War of the Rebellion continued— Two Hundred ?id Sec- 
ond, Two Hundred and Fifth, Two Hundred and Eighth Regi- 
ments— Huntingdon and Blair Men in other regiments 

Representatives in Congress and the Stale Legislature 

Judicial Officers 

County Officers 





Cass Township 
Clav Towxshh 

Bench and Bar.. 


65 1 Dublin Town 

Franklin Townsh 



CllAI'TKK .\I,1. "a.u: CHAPTER LII. 

i||.U'Ti:i{ XUr. CHAPTER I.III. 


JuxiAIA TowNSIIII- :!U1 Ti:i.l, Township ^ 


LlNCOI-N- TciWNSIlll- "'Oil T"I1 ToWNKllIP 


I..«.VN TnwNsn.n 307 Umhn Tuknsiiii. 






linplUt Cliurch or llu 
liarreo Iron-Works..., 
Broiiil Top City, |,liit < 



Wosser, 0. B 

51omit Ciiion in 1840 

N,.ff, Bfujamin 


Oil.isoi,, William 



f«-"'S 418 

" 419 

" 4:!8 


r..t.M-sl,urK, Jilan of 

I'ltiikiii, R.Bnio 

•■ 97 



I'.>\v.-ltim Furnare 



" 2:i:! 


faoii.g 4G7 







S|M.c-r, U. M 

Slair, Mi.:l,aol 

Slalcli,>hi,liial l!,-f„rmaU 

1 IiiJi,ina 

-....facing -211 

faring MS 

•■ 98 

" '254 


Sl.'Vcns, I'ralik 11 

" 35T 




Z'Z''""". " SM 

IIIM IX(,I)()\ AM)l>LAni 


J:n,,r„sr,l ,,rp,,:~.sls li.rlhis )\\.rl.- 







The English Claim to Pennsylvania— Swedish and Dutch Possession- 
Final acknowledgment of the English Claim. 

Christopher Columbus, to whose enterprise and 
courage the world is indebted Cor the discoveries that 
resulted in opening the western continent as a home 
for the oppressed people of Europe, was born in the city 
of Genoa, Italy, about the year 1435. At this time a 
large and profitable trade was carried on between the 
European countries and India. Convinced by his de- 
ductions from the experience of preceding and con- 
temi)oraneous travelers and navigators, of the magni- 
tude and globular form of the earth, he wns assured 
that a new rnule to this rich rcgiun W(juld Iw found 
by sailing wcstu ardly. For eighteen years he labored 
to the end tliat \\r aiiLiht fit out an expedition to ]irac- 
tically test his scientific opinions. After many rebuffs 
and disappointments that would have crushed the am- 
bition of ordinary men, he gained the confidence and 
secured the encouragement and support of Ferdinand 
and Isabella, the reigning sovereigns of Spain, by 
whose liberality three small vessels were fitted out and 



ards ascertained to be an 
verence, he named San 

placed under his command. 

tieet set sail from the mads 

tlie 3d day of August, 1VJ2 

October touched land, aftcrv 

island, wdiich, in devout n 

Salvador, one of the Bahama group, situated in N. 

hit. 24° SO', and longitude 1° 30' E. from Washington. 

He also discovered Cnba, Hayti, and other islands^ 

and, returning, he reached the harbor of Palos on the 

15th day of March, 1493. 

The intelligence of Columbus' discoveries stimu- 
lated the fitting out of other expeditions by the mari- 
time nations of Europe. Henry VII. of England 
eagerly accepted the offer of John Cabot, a merchant 
of Bristol (but supposed to a Venetian by birth), to fit 

out a fleet of vessels for a voyage of discovery by a 
more northern route than the one ]iiirsiiiMl by Colum- 
bus. On the 5th day of March, 14'.m;, the king, by 
patent signed at Westminster, authorized Cabot and 
his three sons, Lewis, Sebastian, and Sancius, "to 
saile to all parts, countreys, and seas of the East, of 
the West, and of the North, under our banners and 
ensigns, witli five ships, of what burden or quantitie 
soever they may lie, and as many mariners and men 
as they will have with them in the said ships, u|H,n 
their own proper cost and charges, to seeke out, dis- 
cover, and find wdiatsoever isles, countreys, regions, (ir 
provinces of the heathen and infidels, whatsoever they 
may be, and in what i>art of the world soever they 
may be, wdiich before this time have been unknoun to 
all Cliris'tians."' 

Under this charter, in May, 1497, an expedition 
under the command of Sebastian set out, and on the 
24th day of June land was descried, wdiich proved 
to be the coast of Labrador. He sailed along the 
coast three hundred leagues, and planted on the soil 
the banners of England and Venice.- The next year 
he again touched the continent in high latitudes, and 
turning southward, followed the coast as far as the 
mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. 

As many European governments were from time to 
time sending out expeditions for discovery and con- 
quest, it became necessary to avoid conflicts with and 
war upon each other, to settle a principle which all 
should acknowledge as the law by which the right of 
acquisition which they all asserted should be regu- 
lated between themselves. This principle was, that 
discovery gave title to the government by whose sub- 
jects or by whose authority it was made against all 
other European governments, which title might be 


consiiiiini:in-a i>y posses 
the Cabots rested the 
nieiit to dominion in tl 

Upon tlie discoveries . 
of the English froveri 
tliern part of tliis coin 

llrnry Iluds an i-aiL'li-h navi,u'at..r, set ont Ironi 

Texel, Holland, April 'J, lUn'j,' in the ship " Half- 
Moon," to seek u jiassajre to China by the iiurth.a~t. 
lie was then in tlie service of the Dutch Ka-t India 
Company. Encountering great fields of ice, In- \va- 
compelled to change his course, and thm mailed l.>r 
Davis Strait. He touched land in latitu.l.' H I.'.'. 
and sailed thence southwestwardly a- far as latiliidr 
37° 15'. Heturninir. he entered the ni..nth ..f the 
Delaware Bay on I'li.lav, Au-n-t i^Mli,-^ but encun- 

New'Vork liay, discovered the river that bears bis 
name September lltli,-' and explored it above tlie 

The liiLili and mighty States-General of Holland 
in 1(11 I i--ur.I an edict granting to [lersons who had 
or should thereafter discover " any new courses, 
havens, countries, or places" the exclusive privilege 
of resorting to and frequenting the same for four 
voyages. Under this edict the merchants of Amster- 
dam fitted out several vessels for the purpose of ex- 
ploration. One of these was commanded by Ca])t. 
Cornelius Jacobsen Mey, who entered the Delaware 
Bay. He gave his own name to tlie northern cape, 
now called Cape May, and to the southern the name 
Cape Cornelius, now known as Henlopen. 

Xo settlement was made on the Delaware until 
1023, wdien under the auspices of the West India 
Coni]>any, chartered in 1621, Capt. Mey ascended the 
Delaware, and on the eastern side, about Gloucester 
Point, commenced the erection of Fort Nassau, in- 
tended for a trading-post, as well as for security 
against the Indians. This effort was not successful. 
The fort was soon abandoned, for we are informed by 
De Vn,-. who visiud it in l(;:',;i, that it was then ill 
the pu--,>M ■ the Indians. 

I'eier Minuii, in b;:;7, under lb.' |.atn.nage of 
Christiana, l^ of Sweden, with two vessels and 
a nund.rr ..f M'ttlrr-. rro~-.d ibr Allanlir, ami alter 
tourbing at .lanie^lowii, Va., reached the D.daware 

abniil May, lir.s. He pu.vba-ed Ir tbr Indians 

thes.,il on lb.' uvMern M.I 'the bav and river truni 

Cape Henlopen lo Santirkan i Ibe tall, at Trenton,, 
and erected tli,' tort and lonn.lrd the lown of Chris- 
tiana, on the n..rlh bank -.1 Min.pias Creek, a Ira-ue 
abov,. ,t>,„„nll,. From tbi> be^^ininng. Suedi>b set- 

ern side nt tlir l),-laware to and above the site of 
I'hila.lelphia. In hi.-it, I'etrr LindMn.,,,, a Suedid, 
engineer, snrvey,d and mapped tin- river iVo,,, its 

fleet nmler the eoni.nand ol ( i,,vern..r V.irr Sinvv, - 

sant. entered the river and I'aptured one by one the 
Sweili-li forts and took possession of the colony, and 
thus ended the Swedish government. Both nation- 
alities continued to dwell along the banks of the 
stream, the Dutch being the rulers. 

The F^nglish continued to claim dominion over 
that portion of the continent along which Cabot had 
eoa-t.d, and Charles 11., with the view of wresting 
p.—e^-iori from the Dutch, on the 12th of March, 
liiii4, by iKitent granted to liis brother James, Duke 
of York, the territory now embraced in the States of 
Xew York and New Jersey. An expedition was sent 
from England for the purpose of reducing the Dutch 
fortresses, and on the 8th of September the fort and 
town of Manhattan, now Xew York, were surren- 
dereil. On the 1st of October following, the .settle- 
ments on the Delaware yielded, and thus ended 
Dutch dominion over the soil of Peunsvlvania. 

C H A P T E R II. 

nuilk.n uf till- Tliree Orisiuiil Couhlics. 

Drinxi; the interval between the end of Dutch 
occupation of Pennsylvania and the grantinfr of the 
charter to William Penn, the English (iovernors of 
X'ew York issued a large number of land grants, and 
under their administration settlements multiplied 
along the Delaware. But as these relate wholly to 
that portion of the province, they do not directly con- 
cern residents in the interior. 

William Penn, in 1674, became oi>e of three trus- 
tees chosen to manage the affairs of West Jersey. 
In the execution of this trust he had good oppor- 
tunity to become acquainted with the valuable tract 
of land lying on tlie opposite side of the river. At 
the death of his father, Admiral William Penn, it 
was found that the British government was indebted 
to bini for money loaned and services rendered about 
sixteen thousand pounds. In-tead of money, Wil- 
liam suiTL'e-ted that he would prefer a grant (d' land 
on the western side of the Delaware north of Mary- 
land. .\ i)etition was pre-eiited to I 'liarbs II. 
in .lunr, Idso, aiul after many conlerrnei ~ with adja- 
cent proprietors, on the 4th day of March, 1()M, the 
king granted a charter. The boundaries were de- 
scribed, but serious differences occurred, and many 
years passed before they were settled and defined. 
reiin. bis heirs and assigns, were made and ordained 
trih' ami absolute proprietaries of all the lands 
within the bounds described in the charter, and 
upon bini and bis heirs, their deputies ami lieuten- 
ants, ua- .-onrerred the executive authority of the 
pro\iii,r. William Markluun was commissioned 
DepiiiN (oi\(riior, and sent over from England 
elotbiil with lull authority to inaugurate the new 
goveriimeiil, and in the tall of the vear, at Upland, 


now Chester, he took charge of the executive affiiirs.' 
In October, 1682, Penn arrived in the "Welcome," 
and soon thereafter the lands of the province were 
divided into three counties, to wit, Chester, Phila- 
delphia, and Bucks. The precise date of the erec- 
tion of these counties does not appear, but it must 
have been before the 18th day of November, 1682, as 
on that day the proprietary issued his writs to the 
sheriffs of the respective counties, requiring them "to 
summon all freeholders to meet on the 20th instant, 
and elect out of themselves seven persons of most 
note for wisdom, sobriety, and integrity, to serve as 
their deputies and representatives in General As- 
sembhj, to be held at Upland, in Pennsylvania, De- 
cember 6th (4th ?) next." In this assembly there were 
re])resentatives from each of the counties named, as 
well as from the three "lower counties" of Kent, 
New Castle, and Sussex. Representatives were 
chosen, and met in General Assembly at Chester on 
the 4th day of December. Among the most notable 
acts of this legislative body was the passage on the 
7th of the same month of the "great law." The 
broad declaration of religious liberty contained in 
the first section of this law, incorporated in substance 
in each of the constitutions since adopted by the 
people of the commonwealth, indicated the liberal 
opinions of our ancestors as inculcated by the founder, 
and contributed to the rapid peopling and subsequent j 
prosperity of the colony. It is in these words : 

"Almighty God being the only Lord of conscience, father of lights 
and spirits, and the author as well as object of all divine knowledge, 
faith, and worsliilt, who only can enlighten the mind and peisiiaiie and 
convince the understanding of I'euple in '\w- !■ \ i.i. . i . Ki- -over- j 
eignty over the souls of mankind, it is enai t.' i i i , .tlnrL-- 

said that no person now or at any titne lieri-:iti i ; ; ixiiice 

who fihall coufessaud aclinowledge one Alnii-liiv '.-i i I' ih ri.Mtur, 
upholder, and ruler of the world, and that [nnti-xMii iiim .u herself 



nlly enjoy 

reflection ; and if any person shall abuse or deride any other for his or 
her different persuasion and practice in matter of religion, such sliall 
be looked upon as a disturber of the peace and be punished accordingly. 

Pent], in a letter dated 5th of 1st mo. (corresi)ondil 
le present style), 1C81,* addressed to Kobert Turner, t 

* It miiBt be borne in mind that for many years after the ( 
Penn the inhabitants of the province began the year on the 
of JIarch, hence in many old documents the dates are writ 
1st day of 1st month, 10S,= j. 


Erection of Lancaster, Cumberland, and Bedford Counties— Purchases 
of the Indian Title—Erection of Townships and Election Districts- 
Local Officers. 

Laxcaster,- the fourth county of the province, was 
erected from Chester by an act of the General Assem- 
bly passed the 10th day of May, 172!», and ciiihraced 
all the lands of the province to the iiortlnvanl of Oc- 
torara Creek, and to the westward of a line nf marked 
trees running from the north branch ol' said creek to 
the river Schuylkill. The sixth county, Cuinl)erland,^ 
was erected by the act of the 27th day of .lanuary, 
1750, and took from Lancaster all the lands lying 
within the province to the westward of Susquehanna 
and northward and westward of the county of York.* 

The proprietaries, having due regard to the rights of 
the Indians, would not permit any occupation of lands, 
either by settlement or grant from the hind office, 
until after the Indian title had become vested in 
them. At the time of the organization of Cumber- 
land County the natives were yet in possession of all 
the territory northwest of the Kittatinny Mountain (the 
northern barrier of the Cumberland Valley) and the 
Susquehanna River. At a treaty held by order of the 
king at Albany in the summer of 1754, negotiations 
for the purchase of the Indian title resulted in the 
execution, on the 6th day of July in that year, of a 
deed from the chiefs of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onon- 
daga, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora nations, consti- 
tuting the confederacy known as the Six Nations, con- 
veying, for the consideration of four hundred pounds 
lawful money of New York, to Thomas and Richard 
Penn, "all the lands lying within the said province 
of Pennsylvania, bounded and limited as follows, 
namely: Beginning at the Kittochtinny or Blue 
Hills, on the west branch of Susquehanna River, 
and thence by the said, a mile above the mouth of a 
certain creek called Kayarondinhagh ; thence north- 
west and by west as far as the said province of Penn- 
sylvania extends to its western lines or boundaries; 
thence along the said western line to the south line or 
boundary of said province ; thence by the said south 
line or boundary to the south side of the said Kit- 
tochtinny hills; thence by the south side of said hills 
to the place of beginning." 

Although a few warrants were issued during the 


year IT'w tor himls in the Ujipcr part of tlic valley 
of the Juniata, aii<l some surveys and improvements 
were made, there does not seem to have been any di- 
vision of this territory into touii-hip^ for some yi'ars 
thereafter. .\t July sessions in 17i;7 the Cumher- 
land eourt fixed the boundaries „( Dkiikv town~hi]i 
as follows: " lU'ginninp; at the middle of the Lon- 
Narrows; tlienee up the north side of Juniata as far 
as .laek's Narrows: thenre to ini-lude the valley of 
Kishaeokulu- and Ja^ks ('.■.•ek.- These Inmndaries 
included a pari of ihe pre>enl touiiship of Brady. 

At Oetoher of llie same year lour addi- 
tional townships were erected, and were naniid and 
bounded as follows : 

DfUl.lN-.— " Hounded by Mr ami Fannet townships 
on the one side, and Coleraine and Barre townships 
on the top of Sideling Hill on the other side.'' 

CoLlcitAINE.— "Bounded by Dublin township, as 
above, by the provincial line, and the to|) of Dun- | 
ning's .Mountain (so as to join Cumberland and Bed- ' 
ford townships) to the gap of M.UTi.-on's Cove, from 
thenee to the mouth of Yellow Creek (joining Barre 
township i to strike Sidling Hill.-' 

Cl".MUi:i'.l..\Nl). — "Bounded liy ( 'i Inain.' lowii-hip 
(as above), the provincial line to tlir Allr-nn \M,,iin- 
tain, and along the top of the All.^. ii,y .Mi.iintuiii 
to the top of the ridge that divid,- ihe of 
Wills Creek; from thence ..f .Imiiata t,. sirike Dun- 
ning's Mountain through LuuV (oi]i." 

BEin-'ouii. — " I'jounded by the above-mentioned 
east line and Dunning's Mountain to the gap of Mor- 
rison's Cove, and from thence to the top of Tussee's 
Srountain (joining Barre township) so as t<. inrlu.le 
Morrison's Cove, and from the end of .Morrison's 
Cove cross by Fraid;stoun to tlie .\llegheny." 

B.\I!lir..-- Bounded by Dublin, Coleraine, and 
Bedlord lown-bips. as already mentioned, and along 
the .\llegaiiy uniil a line struck from thence to 
Jack's Mountain so as l., include the waters of Little 
Juniata ;nid Shaver's and Siamling Stone Creeks." 

These townships of Derry, Dublin. Coleraine, Cum- 
berland, ISedford, and Bmrrc included all -.1 tl..- area 
of Bedford, Blair, and Huntingd<,n, a lar-c pari of 
Fulton and Milllin, an.l a part of Centre ('Minnies. 
It is probable that a~ the .a-tern linots of H.d.lin 
were not clearlv defined, a pari ..f ubat i- now Tell 
township, Huntingdon Co., may have been inehided 
inthepreviou>lyerectedtown.hipof Lack. 

■om a part of Derry. and included all 
flhat township n.n-tbwe~t of Jack's .Ml 
.flicers of townships were as foil, 

EUi.jt, Che: - C vl,. ]iu Ihl I, Mverseers of Ilie iwor; James Little, 
Chiul.-' Ice. , M,.»t-r9uf feijccs. 

177IJ.— .1,1,11. ■- w . Ic h:i . .r.ilm Wilson (Barro), Wini;im Brown 

(.\rm,:;l. , i i.n-; - cmiel Thomi'Son, Dauid Kf.w (Barre), 
.TuiM.-> Ml lAiini,;;!, , «ii|.f.rvisi.r3; ZoLulon Mooro, KoU-rt Cald- 

l.illl,-, Cliail.- C.,l,lvn-ll I Band, viow.-rs of fi-nccs. 
1771._William ,Sliirlf.v I li,irn--), ,Iame3 Foley (Dillilin), lonslaWes ; 
Saiiuu-1 ThoiiiiHon. Daniel Ego (Bane), superviaors: Zebiilon 
Jloor, Robert Caldwell iBarre), Charles Boyle, Benjamin Elliot 
(Dublin), overseers of Ilie poor. 

The Indians, after fully realizing the immense 
Stretch of country covered by the bounds set in the 
treaty of 1754, expressed disappointment and dissat- 
isfaction. They said they did not understand the 
points of the compass and were thereby deceived. 
Some of them became allies of the French and com- 
menced a series of depredations upon the frontier 

An accommiiihition of the ditferences between the 
proprietary govern nient and the Indians was eflfected 
at a conference held at Easton, where on the 23d day 
of October, 17ri.S, a deed was executed limiting the 
boundaries of the purchase as follows, to wit : " Be- 
ginning at the Kittochtinny or Blue Hills, on the 
we-t bank of the Sus.|Uehanna River, and running 
thence up the >aid river, and binding therewith, to a 
mile abiive the mouth of a creek called Kaaromlinhah 
(or John Penn's Creek); thence northwest and by 
west to a creek called Buffaloe's Creek; thence west 
to the east side of tlie Alleghany or .\i)palachian 
Hills; thence along the east side of said hills, liind- 
ing therewith, to the south line or boundary of the 
said province; thence by the said .south line or bonn- 
darv to the -oiith side of the Kittatinny Hill; thence 
by the south side of the said hill to the ].la.-e .,f be- 
ginning." This deed confirmed the title of the |iro- 
prietaries to all the lands within the boundaries above 
mentioned, including the present counties of Bed- 
ford, Fulton, Blair, Huntingdon, MifHin, Juniata, and 
Perry, and parts of Snyder, Union, and Centre, and 
released to the Six Nations the residue embr.acod iu 
the deed of 1754. 

By an act passed on the 0th day of March, 1771, 
Bc'dford County was erected from Cumlieiland. and 
itslionmlaries fixed as follows: " Beginning wliere the 
province line crosses the Tuscarora ilountain. and 
running along the summit of that mountain to the 
gap near the head of Path Valley; thence with a 
norih line to the .Juniata; thence with the Juniata 
to Ihe iiiniiih of Shaver's Creek; thence northeast to 
the line cif Berks County; thence along the Berks 
County line northwestward to the western bounds of 
the province; thence southward, according to the 
several courses' of the western boundary of the |irov- 
ince, to the snulhwest corner of the prfivince; and 
from iheiicc eastward with the southern line of the 
province to the ]ilace of beginning." 

1 At "II'' lini-' it wa.^ clainieil by Virginia that the western bonndarj- 


This act authorized the Governor to commission a 
competent number of justices, who, or any three of 
whom, were empowered to hold courts in the months 
of January, April, July, and October in every year. 
With remarkable promptitude a Court of Quarter 
Sessions was opened at Bedford on the 16th day of 
April, 1771, by William Proctor, Robert Hanna, Wil- 
liam Lockery, Robert Cluggage,' George Wilson, and | 
William McConnell. The court then proceeded to 
divide the county into townships. Air, Dublin, 1 
and CoLEUAiXE were to remain as fixed by the Cum- 
berland court. The lines of Bedford and Cumber- 
land were extended from the foot to the top of the j 
Allegheny Mountain. Barre to be cut otf by Little 
Juniata andTussey's Mountain. Brother's Valley, 
Fairfield, Mount Pleasant, Hemp Field, Pitt, Tyrone, 
Spring Hill, RossStraver, Armstrong, andTullileague 
follow, but as these townships embraced territory out- 
side of the limits of Huntingdon and Blair they do 
not concern us now. 

At July sessions, 1773, " that part of Barre town- 
ship including all the waters that empty into the 
Raystown Branch of Juniata below the mouth of 
Yellow Creek and up said creek to Tussey's Moun- 
tain is hereby erected into a township by the name of 
Hopewell township." ; 

It will be noticed that the act creating Bedford 
County excluded from the boundaries therein de- 
scribed that portion of Huntingdon County lying 
northeast of the Juniata below the mouth of Shaver's 
Creek, and according to the letter of the law that 
territory remained in Cumberland County. The act 
of March 21, 1772, forming Northumberland, took 
from Bedford the territory lying west of Tussey's 
Mountain and northeast of the main branch of the 
Little Juniata to the head thereof^ Another act 
passed the same day^ for the purpose of explaining 
and better ascertaining the boundary lines of the 
county of Bedford, after reciting the boundaries de- 
scribed in the act of the 9th day of Marcli, 1771, and 
that as " the Tuscarora Mountain does not extend to 
the province line and the southern boundaries afore- 
said are not properly described, the lines of the county 
of Bedford cannot be known and run by the trustees 
appointed for that purpose, provided that the lines 
following, to wit: "Beginning where the province 
line crosses the North or Blue Mountain, that runs 
between the Great and Little Coves and that part of 
Cumberland County called Connegocheague, and 
thence along the summit of the said mountain to the 
beginning of the Tuscarora Mountain, and running 
along the summit of the said Tuscarora Mountain to 
the gap near the head of the Path Valley, from thence 
a north line to the Juniata River; thence up the 
Juniata to the mountain that divides the Kishicocolus 
Valley from the Standing Stone Valley, and along the 

summit of that mountain to the head of the Stand- 
ing Stone Creek ; from thence northeast to the line of 
Berks County; thence by Berks County line to the 
western bounds of the province ; thence southward, 
according to the several courses of the western boun- 
dary of the province, to the southwest corner thereof; 
and from thence with other boundaries of the prov- 
ince to the place of beginning; shall be, and are 
hereby declared to be, the boundary lines of the said 
county of Bedford." 

By act of the 2(5th day of February, 1773, all the 
territory of Bedford lying west of the Laurel Plill and 
of the ridge dividing the waters of the Allegheny and 
Susquehanna to the head of the latter stream, and 
south of a line to be run thence due west to the limits 
of the province, was erected into a new county called 

The geography of the valley of the Juniata was not 
well understood by the framers of the acts of Assem- 
bly above recited, and the indefinite and inconsistent 
descriptions of boundary lines were producing uncer- 
tainty and conflict of authority. On the .30th day of 
September, 1779, an act was passed reciting that^ — • 

ti.e coiirsB of Lit 

11 iiiLuuvuiiieiit fur tUe ijeople 
tii:il;i at tlie place aforesaid; 
I luiintyof Cumberland: For 

land iiloresaid ; mid thence along the said line last mentioned to tlie place 

This act annexed that part of Ki.shacoquillas Valley 
now in Brady township, Huntingdon Co., to Bedford 


County. In 1773, two years alter the erection of Bed- 
lonl County, the huiils ;dong the river from Jaek'.s 
Narrows to tlie mouth of Mill Creek, and those tlien 
taken up in the we>t end of Kisliaeoquillas Valley, 
were taxed in the a>-e--niint of Barre townshif), 
Cund.erland ('....and il i> fair lo presume that this 
di>triel reuiainr.l un.l.r the juri> of that eounty 
until after the ])as>a,i;e of the ai't of the ."Uth of Sep- 

FuANKsTowx township was created at .\].ril ^e-- 
sions, 177.'>, from parts of Bedford and Banv, and the 
boundaries tixcl as f.dlnw-: "Along the line divid- 
inLC r.e.lfor.l aii.l X..rtliund.iil:iiid Counties from the 
We-t ISran.h ..f Su-.|.i.-lianua t.. where Little Juniata 
ruii^ throu;:h Tussey's .Mountain; then alonj:; the said 
mountain to the ridge dividing Morrison's Cove from 
('r..yle's Cove; then along the said ridge lo Dun- 
ning's .Mountain ; then along Dunning's Mountain to 
the dividing ridge between the waters of Dunnin_i;'s 
Creek and the southwest branch of Frankstown 
ISraneh ; then along said ridge to the AUegeny 
.Mountain ; then cross the .same and by the line of 
tiueinahoning townsliip to the line dividing Bedford 
an.l VVestmoreland Counties, and by the said line and the limits ,,f this eounty t.. the place of be-in- 

This l..wnship included the whole of Blair C..iinty 
ami the present townsliips of Jlorris, Franklin, anil 
Warri.n-'s :\Iark of Huntingdon County. 

Hl'NTi.vGDON" township was formed from a part of 
liarre. The records of the court do not contain any 
account of its erection. At April sessions, H.'^d, a 
return of the townsliip officers was made, iV.mi wlii.di 
it may be inferred that the township was finim .1 about 
1771). Its territory is now divi.le.l into, WalkiT. 
Porter, and parts ol .[iiniai:i. L i;;aii. 1 1. nihr..on, ami 
Oneida. The records aU.. f:iil |.,,. an a.v.aint ..f 
the erection of Siii ni.r.'i i..un-liip, whicii wa> fnrm..d 
from Dublin about the .lale la-t m.-ntiune.l. The 
earliest assessment ..f (hi- t..uii-hip was ma. I.- in 17^0, 
and of Hunting.!.. !i in 17M. 

Tvi:..m: l.,wn-hip wa- eivet,.,] Fraiikst.,wn, 
but m-ither tl,.' .lal.' n„r l,.,un.larie, ai.i.ear a,„„„.r 

District,- at the place called the Standing Stone; and 
the freemen of the townships of Brother's Valley, 
Turkey Foot, and Quesnaclioning, being the Fourth 
district, at the house of John Kemberline, near the 
junction of said three townships." Each voter was 
required to produce a certificate of his having taken 
and subscribed the oath of allegiance, as prescribed 
by an act passed the preceding day. 

By the act of the 13th day of September, 178.".,' 
dividing the several counties into election .li-tricts, 
Bedford County was separated into live .lisiri.ts, and 
the elections directed to be held as follows : Fir->t, the 
town of Bedford and the townships of Bedford, Cide- 
raine. Providence, and Cumberland Valley, at the 
court-house in Bedford; Second, the townships of 
Bethel and Air, at the house of Ephraim Wallace, in 
Bethel; Third, the townships of Barre, Hopewell, 
Frankstown, and Huntingd..n, at the place called the 
.•Standing t^t.jiie; Fourth, the t..wii~hips „f Bn.ther's 
Valley, (iuesmahoning, Turk.y F....t. an.l Wilford, 
at the house of James I'.lack, in i Jiiesmaboning ; 
Fifth, the townships of Dublin an.l .<liirley, at the 
house of George Cluggage, in Shirl.v. On tlie I'Jth 
day of Septeiiil.rr. ifso.- a -iMli .li-trict was created, 
insisting ,.f tlic ■■ t..u M-h!|.- .,1 Frankst.iwn an.l Mor- 
ris,, n's Cove" V .an.l Ih.' el. cti.. IIS,, be held 
at the li,,iise ,.l' l.a/,aiiis Li,wrey, at Frankstown. 

The act ,,r Si.|.t. iT, 1786, fixed the number of 
re|iresentati\es t., the (ieneral Assembly to be elected 
in Bedford County at three. 

The oflicers of the townships of Bedford C.,unty 
that covered the present territory of Huntiiigd.,n and 
I'dair, appointed by the Court of (Quarter Sessions, 
were as f,dlows: 

«y riiilip .Stonei* (Hopewell) 
l.iitl.- (niinee), Joliii Bell i 

iity fBiiiree), John Liittu 1 

Lies; J„ 


Elections and Election Districts.— A huv en 

une U, 1777, lixed the seeon.l Tuesday of Oe 
H the day for le.hling the annual sreneral ele. 
l,-.ll..r.l t'ounty was .livi.lcl int., four ,li>tri,-ts 


.,ws: •• II,.. fr,-,-m,m .,f ll„. t.,wnsl,ips ..f 
f.,r.l, C.,Ieraiii,-. an.l (■unib,.rl.-,n.l Valh-v, h.-in- 
First District, shall h.,|.l ,lccti,,ns at the 

<.ii,, Tli..„i.,s.l..l,„st.ii. (l!Hr,ec), Beiijiimin Snn- 
■ (IIop."»cll), ovi-raeers of the poo,-; James Lit- 
(nui-ree), MiL-hiiel Whetstone, Peter Hnrtsock 

l.ireli W: Willmm Barriek (Frankstown), Wil- 
..pcwi-lli, coi^tiil.les; Al.salom Oray, Siinmel 
Bi',ijiilninS;iu„.lei-8, BiLSliiin Shoiipe (Hopewell), 
; M;iiki-m l'..l,Tii!in (Kninkstowni, Peter Ilart- 
.' April se>*si'm^: D;ivid Lewis ^B.irree), 


Ym.—PeUij t'Miom, Sept. 27 : William RidJle (Barree). John WalUer 
(Dublin), Joseph Cellar (Frankstown ), .Kisliua DavU (Hopewell), con- 
stables. General ses'iom, Oct. 14 : William EiilJle, of Barree, B[ied ; 
John Wallier, of Dublin, fined thirty shillings: Thomas Anderson, 
Joshua Davis (Hopewelll, F^dix Milb-r, appointed constables. 

l-n.—GstJeral semom, Api il 1:1 : William Wilson (Barree), William 

1780.— (Jen 

(Barren), Ihi ■ h . ■: .! l.n n^ .iI- : !"-■ ' : r,, M.iliiin 

David ].""! ! : .'. , ^^ : '•■ - • - i M • ilnp, 

well), Ai. ii> 1 1 . I I , ,:. ,. , I -I ".-■- <ia 

braith, Jiui,.^ '.i"„.,'i' .-liiil.;. ' ! l ■ ' ■'■«»'- 

Anderson, JeiiMniaUliickets I r..n I I . ' I i , .1 ■ ^m 

sey (Dublin), Jacob Kowler, Jr., \ > i i il.-i' >mm. s 1. 

mon Sell, Hugh Skelly (Hopru.l ,1 i . ~ I , ,i"-liu;i l,.« 

(HuntinKdiin), Jacob Shara, Jamco L.uiiiuh.iia i.>huloj, sopciv 

1781.— ,lj.ii( .sessions- .- David Kalston (Barree), James Barnet (Dublin 
Absaluni ("ira.v (Fr;.i,k>lu« „\ Lo.lwid; Sidls (Ilnntingdcnl, Oeorj 
Clugga;;..:^ .- .. ..,...,1.1 .. .1, „. |.h ir „ , „ . IV„i , n,i „ M.r.ufle 

), John Kamaey (Dublin), 

Jaiiu-i. .\i. ., .1,: 1, I v lliurree), James Harn,.t, Hugh Davi- 

B,.ii (liiil h .1 rge Reynolds (Huntingdon), George 

Wils.ju. .1-1, 1, II ,i„.,i, ;-i,i;l,.,j), o\erseers of tlie p.ior; John Wil- 
son, Janii'.'i !I;inn;iiu (Danee), R,.ibert Kani^ey, IJeorge Hudson 
(Dublin), Henry NelT, Nathaniel Janit (Huntingdon). James Gal- 
braith, William Morris (Shirley), supervisors of the Iiighways. 

Among the citizens of portion of Bedford 
County now composing Huntingdon and Blair, sum- 
moned as grand jurors, were: 1772, July 14th, Michael 
Cryder; 1780, April Uth, William Shirley; 1781, 
January sessions, William Simonton, James Foley, 
and Michael Cryder; 1782, April sessions, Samuel 
Anderson ; July sessions, Samuel Anderson, James 

Foley, and Moses Donaldson ; October sessions, Alex- 
ander McConnell ; 17.SG, January sessions, George 
Ashman and George Cluggage. 

The first Court of Quarter Se.ssions was held at 
Bedford, April 16, 1771, before "William Proctor, 
Robert Cluggage, Kobert Hanna, George Wilson, 
William Lockery, and William ^■\lc( ■.mncll, i;>qs., 

justices of our Lord the King, to hear and diiirniine 
divers felonies and misdemeanors in the said county 
committed." Twenty-three grand jurors were sworn. 
Robert Galbraith was enrolled as an attorney. At 
April sessions, 1773, "John Freeharty, of the grand 
jury, is fined five shillings for being drunk, and ten 
shillings for the contempt in so doing while on the 
duty of that oSice, and coming into court while in 
that condition." 

At July sessions, 1780, " The Court proceeded to 
regulate the Price of Labourers, and are of opinion 
that the same shall be estimated and rated 26 Dollars 
each Ifan Y Day." October sessions continued at 
same rate. 

Unexplained this would appear extravagant, but it 
must be borne in mind that the standard of value was 
the dollar in Continental currcnry, which had rapidly 
shrunk in worth as coiitraslcd with .s|.ccie. Wlien 
measured by the specie standaid, lUv pi nc of a day's 
abor was about forty cents. The i)aper currency of 
the country depreciated so rapidly in value tliat it 
was necessary to establish some rate of exchange, 
and tlie General Assembly, by act of April 3, 1781, 
lixed a scale of depreciation for each month from the 
bi-Liinning of the year 1777 to the end of February, 
si. In July, 1780, it required sixty-four and one- 
If dollars in paper to equal one dollar in specie. 
Ain.iiig the justices sworn, as appear.s by the rec- 
ords, were : 

1771, April 16, Robert Cluggage ; 1773, April 13, 
Robert Cluggage ; 1774, April 13, Robert Cluggage; 
1782, Dec. 18, Robert Cluggage ; 1773, April 13, Wil- 
MoConnell ; 1774, May 12, Henry Lloyd; 1777, 
September, Robert Galbraith, James Martin ; 1779, 
Jan. 13, James Carmichael, James Coyle ; 1779, Feb. 
12, Matthew Dean; 1781, April 28, John Canan 
(commission dated Feb. 3, 1781); 1786, July 20, 
Thomas Wilson, John Little ; 1787, Jan. 22, John 
Coyle ; 1787, June 22, James Coyle. 

j Persons were recommended for license to keep 
public-houses as follows : 

J 1773, July sessions, Michael Cryder ; 1773, October 
sessions, Michael Cryder; 1774, October sessions, 
Michael Cryder, Ludwick Sells; 1778, April sessions, 
Francis Cluggage ; 1781, January sessions, Ludwick 

I Sells; 1781, April sessions, Benjamin Elliot. 

Benjamin Elliot was commissioned high sheriff 

I Oct. 31. 178-5, and was sworn Dec. 19, 17,8.5. 

George Ashman, lieutenant, was sworn Dec. 26, 

I 1780. 



hy Ihi: Wl.ilvsoli I'lipurclKui'd Lllljils. 

At llie time the lirst Kiiropeaii setllomi'iit^ were 
iiiaiie ill I'eiiMsylvaiiia tlip snil was occupied liy In- 
dians who called tlieniselves Lenni Lenape, or tlie 
original people. They were desifrnated by the Euro- 
peans Delaware.^, by reason of their inhabiting the 
region of country drained by that stream. They were 
also known as Algonquins. The tradition of this 
people was that in the far-distant past, in niijrrating 
eastward, about the time they reached the Mis-is-ippi,' 
they fell in with the Mengwe,- who also camr from a 
distant country, and had reached the river farther 
north. Both nations had the same object in view, 
the seeking of a new and better country towards the 
rising sun. E.xploring parties sent in advance re- 
ported the region east of the river to be inhabited by 
a people of physique much superior to that of the in- 
vader-, and that they dwelt within intrenchments or 
forliliratii.iis. This peo|)le, called Allegewi, declined 
pcriiii^-idii to settle in their country, but agreed that 
the Lenajies and Mengwe might pass through their 
domain and settle farther eastward. Accordingly 
the lycnapes began to the Namoesi Sipu. Their 
nund)ers, for there were thousands of them, so appalled 
the Allegewi that they withdrew their permission 
and commenced a savage warfare upon those who 
liad already passed the stream. A conference was 
held, and the Mengwe, who had been content to re- 
main as spectators, united with their new allies and 
waged a fierce war against the .\llegewi, who, after 
suffering severe loss, and finding that further resist- 
ance would result in extermination, abandoned the 
cnuMtry to the compierers and lird >outhward. In 
tlHronlli.l-., which continued many y,;,r.stl„.LcMa[.es 
lost many of their warriors, and ih.y clainied lliat 
they were ahvav- cui„].rll.d to Inar ll.e brunt of 
battle, wliile llir MriiL-wr w.„i|,l han- in lli,- rrar. 

By slow and ra-y -ta^r. thr~r nati.m- „,..v,d lar- 
tluTea>luard.>till continuiiiL' upon I, rm. ..f fri, n.l- 
ship, th- I.etiap,- lullowim,' tiic >trraiii- that ran 
eastward, while the Mengwe made rlioirr of the 
lands in the vicinity of the great lakes. The former 
occupieil the country from the Hudson to the (Jliesa- 
I.eake Bay. inelnding the shores of the four -reat 
rivers, thr llud,M,n, Delaware,^ .<u-.|iiclianna, and 
Potomac, making the Delauar,- the rhi.f r,ntrr.,r 

became divi.hd i„|,, three tnl,,., i,, wit: rnamis 
Turtle, rnalaelitu'.. ,,r Turk.-y, \V..lf or Minsi. e. 

the most warlike of the three tribes, dwelt farther 
inland as a guard against any incursions by the Men- 
gwe, and their possessions, extending southwest from 
the Hudson to far beyond the Susquehanna, included 
the valley of the Juniata. These three principal 
divisions were divided into many subordinate clans 
or tribes, each a.ssuming a distinct name as circum- 
stance or locality might suggest. 

The Mengwe were separated into five jirincipal 
tribes,- — Mohawks, Oneiilas, ()nondagas, Cayugas, 
and Senecas. Growing Jealous of their more southern 
neighbors, and apprehen-ive of their increasing num- 
bers and power, they endeavored to provoke hostili- 
ties between different tribes of the Lenapes. Failing 
in their designs, some time about the close of the 
fifteenth century a union of all the tribes in one com- 
mon bond was effected, and they were afterwards 
known in history as the Five Nations. By the French 
they were known as Iroquois, by the Dutch, Maquas, 
and by the English, Mingoes. They subsequently 
overmastered the Lenapes and became the dominant 

power, whether by force of arms, as tliey d li I, or 

by dishonorable stratagem, as the Lena|i( - all. -i-l, it 
is needless now to inquire. In 1712 the 'l'u-<ar'.ras, 
who had inhabited the interior of North I'arolina and 
Virginia, were driven therefrom by the r.)wliatlans, 
a branch of the Lenapes, moved northward, and were 
adopted by the Iroquois, who were thereafter men- 
tioned by the English as the Six Nations. The lan- 
guage of the five original tribes was practically the 
same, but different from that of the Lenapes. 

The early treaties made by the proprietary govern- 
ment for the purchase of lands from the natives were 
with the shackamaekers or chiel- ol tribe- nt' the Del- 
awares. The Five Nations soon ap|iear a- claimants 
for the territory drained by the Susquehanna by right 
of eoiKiuest. In the absence of written records it ia 
dillienlt to determine the time when the northern 
eonl'eileracy subdued the Lenapes and wrested this 
l>art of their domain from them, but from the best 
aece-silde data it ajipears to have occurred between 
li'i77 and li;s4' ']'|i,. proprietary government made 
pun lia-. - Ironi both claimants until the right of the 
Si\ NaiJMii- wa- ai-qiiieseed in by the Delawares. On 
thr iM 'if .Inly, 1742, a conference with the chiefs of 
thi' .--ix Xaii'.n- and the chiefs of the Shawanese was 
held hy th.' iH.v.rnor aixl Council at Philadelphia, 
and |..r ^ days. Among the many 
-iiIijiMt- pn-rntil ron-ideration and adjustment 
Wile renewed euiii | ilai iits on tlie part of the Indians 
•■again-t -.inir people who .an- settled at .luniata, a 
I'.ranidi i>t' ."<a-qii.lianiiah, and all along the Banks of 
that I'liver a- Mahaning. ami <lesire that they maybe 
forthwith made to uc oil' the Land, for they do great 
Damage to .air Cai-inv the Delawares." The Gov- 
ern. >r re>p..n.l.'.l that on their former cmiplaints rela- 


" some Magistrates were sent expressly to remove 
them, and we thought no person would stay after 
that." The Indian response was, " So far from re- 
moving the people, they made Surveys for themselves, 
and they are in League with the Trespassers. We 
desire more effectual Methods may be used and hon- 
ester men em ploy 'd." This the Governor promised to 
do, and complained to the chiefs that the Delawares 
were giving some trouble about lands purchased from 
them about fifty years ago. A few days later, in the 
presence of Sassonan, a chief of the Delawares, and 
a number of Indians of that nation from Shamokin 
and the forks of the Delaware, Canassatego, a chief 
of the Onondagas, and orator on the occasion, said, — 

"Brkthren, the Governor and Council; 

"The other day you infurmnd us of tiie misbeliavior of our cousins, 
the Delaware.s, wi[h respect to their continuing to claim ami refusing to 
remove from some land on the riv«r Delaware, notwirhstanding tlu-ii- 
ancestora had sold it by deed, under their hands and seals, to the pro- 
prietors for a valuable consideration upwards of fifty years ago. and not- 
withstanding that they themselves had about years ago, after a lung 

and full exaunnation, ratifled that deed of their ancestora, and given a 
fresh one under their hands ami seals, and then yuu reqne>te(i ns to re- 
move them, enforcing your request witn a string uf wanil>nni. After- 
wards you laid on the table by Conrad Weiser our own letters, some uf 

our cousins, with a draught of the land in dispute. Wo now tell y.m 
we have perused all these several papers. We see witti our oWn eyes 
that they have been a very unruly peufile, aud are ;illn;;etlier in the 
wrong in their dealings Willi yon. We lnv . - m In 1. I 1.. i inuve them 

may return to the other side of Delaware, where you came from, but wo 
don't Itnow whether, considering liow yon have demeaned yourselves, 
you will be permitted to live there, ur whether you have not swallowed 
that land down your throats as well as the land on this side. We, there- 
fore, assign 'you two places to go, either to Wyoming or Shaniidtin. 
You may go to either of these places, and then we shall have you more 
under our eye, and shall see how yon behave. Dunt deliber.ite, but 
I remove away and take this bolt of wampum." 

j This incisive speech was interpreted by Conrad 
Weiser into English, and by Cornelius Spring into 
the Delaware language, when Canassatego, taking a 
string of wampum, added, — 

" After our .just reproof aud absolute order to depart from the land, 

>r ever meddling in land affairs 
■nd from you are ever hei'eafrer t 
purpose you are to preserve thi 

Jige 1 

any lands ( 

this t 

Br the riv. 
■ the fntu 

Then turning to the Delawares, holding a belt of 
wampum in his hand, he spoke to them as follows : 

"Let this belt 



m serve to chastis 

talien by the hai 


the ht 

■id and sh 

ilied seve 

senses and become s 


you don't 

know wl 

nor what yon are 



ur Biuthe 

r Onas" c 

and bis intern iur 

S t( 




is bad, your hea 


■ fron 

being up 

ight. an. 

to break the oh 


of fri 

,tli our 

seen with our e,v 

3 a 


i-ii.-d l.y 

nine uf j 

years ago for this 



I'l'l .1X1 

l-.> M'^lli 

some of yonrseli 

upwards. But h 


l|...ll V. 

conquered you, » 

,,|, « 

11, -y" 

can no ni.n.- -el 


i.l 111 

11 MnllH II 

Ni.r is 

power uf .-.-liinL; 

1, -ill 

,. Villi M,i 

I.I 111. .1-1 

claim is gu.H- ,1,1 


1 yiiii 

L-Ut- Yi 

1 liiiv.. i 

and meat a.ul di 


l.y th 

■^ Is |.i 

again like childr 


S .Vull 

lire lin 

Wllllt 11 

dark! Did you e 


ell .,., 



ceiveany part, e\ 
told us ;> Mini 1 




Nation, ..1 

public 11 

give til. -Ill 

the helm > 

blood. Y. 

Tour ears 

1 e ever 

receive the 

brace of ba 

d men. 


We d 

sider what has been said ta 


and his Compan 

John, familiarly called " Jack," Armstrong, an In- 
dian trader, and his two companions, James Smith 
and Woodworth Arnold, were murdered by three 
Delaware Indians at the Narrows, above the borough 
of Mount Union, about the middle of February, 1744. 
This event, which spread alarm and consternation 
among the frontier settlers and the traders, gave name 
to the narrow gorge through which the Juniata breaks 
its winding course. Jack's Narrows are known to 
every traveler who has wended his way through the 
narrow defile. " Jack's Spring" is celebrated for its 
cool, silvery water. 

The following deposition communicates the first au- 
thentic intelligence of the murders : 


I White Oak Tree 


.e found a 




8, And 


he carried 

to the 


ns, one of 



was, & the 

, after 

It to a Delaware 


iif of this chief of the Six Nations is variously spelled, accord- 
iiiicy t.f the writer. By some it has been written SliikeUimo^ 


.■• S;it Duwn 
• Dop" Cros-' 

liutl liiul Iiilrlligonco 111 
the rest of Ihi) While 51 
CoiisMllwl lo go fMlllll-r 
Dep" Furthc-rsiiith, tlic 


• Inil 

.1 Cros 

an Ish 

I..1 where tl 

ese Pel 

^ lliUl 1 

een Throwi.e 

And There 

they M 



was ill 

Company, and ther 

tlie Ci 

c.-k ii 


f the Corps 

& Thcs 

icJ the Ind 

ms to j. 

down tlie 

Creek o 


Ufp" at 

a Small distance, ex 

I- Civi 

< «»' 

n, * Si 

jii After th 

ese Dep 

Seeing Some liiv 
thereab", and tie 
one of [he Corps, 
ofs'l Arlnslr.iM-S 

the prisoner confessed tin- iiinu-, ami L'ives his version 
of tlie circumstances. Thi- liu.r wa^ laid before the 
Council on the 2oth, and diriTtiinH iriven that Con- 
rad Weiser should be immediately dispatched to the 
chiefs of the Delawares atShainokin to make peremp- 
tory demand for the delivery of the other murderers, 
and that Shickalamy and the Indians there shall make 
immediate search for the goods of the deceased, in 
order that they may be put into the hands of his 
brother for the satisfaction of his creditors or the 
support of his family. 

Alexander, brother of John Armstrong, the mur- 
dered trader, wrote to the Indians as follows : 

"T" Al.lMopprs, KlN-n OF THE DcliiVAnEs: 

S;,w More Bawled 
e, where they found 
Id, the other Servi 
Went to the Kor- 
et the Indians, but 

as we have no ini. 
a friend I desire 
also send the mi 

and am your mil 

»re & Cooked .Some 

Llid the Companions. 

'John Masliame 

irted friend and 1 

.Tohn Mu.-r 
Di'lauan- li 
the murders 
Injustice. ? 

April ye 2.1.1. 
We have sen 
erd's son kilt 


John Ma-shamrlen to Goal, ami lie says that the Nisha- 

The superscription of the letter was,^ 

"To Sicalamus, the great Conncellor for the Mingoes." 

Conrad Weiser, upon whom the government always 
relied as a mediator and pacificator in troubles with 
the iiativrs, ill a letter to llirhard Teters. from "Tul- 
pehokin, .Vpril 2i;, 1744,'' .i;ivino- an aeeount of some 
other Imsiness, congratulated himself that by his ab- 
sence from home he was spared the duty of iiiler- 
eeiling on behalf of the Indians with the goveriiiiient. 
I'lUt liefore his letter was forwarded he received one 
from the Governor, dated the 2Gth, containing the in- 
structions of the Council, and acknowdedging the 
same in a postscript of the 2Sth, prepared to set out 
on the next morning for Shamokin. Peters' to Weiser 
was daird Philadelphia, April 26th, and was sent by 


L'iser delivered his message at 
. the Delaware chief, and the 
lians, in the presence of Shick 
s of the Si.\ Nations. Oluin- 
of the Indians named, thus 


" Bkotuee, the Goverxok; 

" It is true that we, the Delaware Indiiins, by the Instigation of tlio 
Evil Spirit, have Murdered James (John) ArmstronR and his Men. We 
liave transgressed, and we are ashamed to loolt up. We liave taken tlie 
Murderer and delivered him to the Relations of the Deceased, to bo 
dealt with according tn his works. 
"Brotmer, THE Governor: 

" Your demand for the goods is very just. We have gathere.l some of 
them. We will do the utmost of what we can to find them all. Wo do 
not doubt but we can find the most part, aud whatever is wanting we 
will make up in Skins, which is what the Goods are sent for to the 



"The dead Bodies are Buried ; it is 
buried by the Murderer, and the otht 
thfm. Our Hearts are in Mourning, 
and cannot siiy anything at present." 

Shick Calamy, on behalf of the Six Nations, then 


cident. Mussemelin ha.s certainly nun hi i i , ilt ^\iiitr ijirti Imn. 
self, and upon his bare accusatinn <i \ : ' ^ mi, utiili wn-^ 

nothing but spite, the said Neshnlnii - - i i J'tiii iii.nlr ;i 

prisoner. Our cousins, the Delawun- In. -, lim, iln n diouk, in 

particular Olnmapifs, never examined lliijigs, but ni.idi' an innocent 
pei-son prisoner, which gave a great deal of distuibaine amongst us. 

tlie river they stopped at the house of James Berry. James tcdd tlie 
young man, *I am sorry to see you in such a condition. I have known 
yon from a boy, and always loved you.' Then the young miin seemed 
to be veiy much struck to the heart, and said, ' I have said nothing yet, 
but now I will tell all ; let the Indians come in, and the white people 
also ; they shall hear it.' And then told Mussemeelin, in the presence 

"'Now I am going to die for your wickedness. Yon have killed all 
the three white men. I never did intend to kill any of thiini.' Tli.'ti 

• It is tn 


The following is what Shick Calamy declared to be i .j,„|'^„'i 

tlie truth of the story concerning the murder of John • „,..„ „ii 

Armstrnng, Woodworth Arnold, and James Smith, , a .^iiimi 

from the beginning to the end, to wit: i J',|,j'(|||.i 

"That Mussemeelin oiving some skins to John Armstrong, the said thrown 

Armstr-irig seized a Imrse of the snid Mussemeelin and a rifled gun ; the I to load t 

ter that was done Mussemeelin onlered them 
j\v him toward the hill where they intended 
lingly they'did, and as they were going Mus- 
there were a great many Indians hunting 
liould happen to meet with any they must be 

itHi-i.iI 111. «il- only being at liniiie lU-niiuiiU-l llie hor.e of 

told him lis III. 

iiMi.h,, li. .:iu-i. l,i. was her proper goods, but did not get him, 

hadm.lhiog. 1 

,i. 1, hnl \.<. il,„ time sold or lent the horse to James Berry. 


ir .Mu-M nil riKi iiiiii- from liunting, his wife told liini that Arm- 

cept any, hut 

ilvllllV i, 1--M.! 

,,.|, -,, n,,l 1.. 1 , ii,i_i Liiii 

ing was -on,- liv, and that she demanded the horse of him, but did 


I know what yo 

u were talking aliout win- 

get him ; aiid.iis is tbou-lil, pressed him to pursue and take revenge 

Arnistroug. The third day in the morning after .lames Arinstnmg 

s gone by, Mussemeelin said to two young men that hunted with 

1 The path, t 

ail, or traders" r 

jad,leading!.i<i Aughwick 

ai,'Come,let us go toward the Great Hills to huntbears;' accordingly 



so f.,r 1, 


1. You hav. 


il to h.tray mo. 

hut you shall 

fare like 

tl.u whii 

Id me 

n if yon iiiloi 

ml to 

hurt me.' 


IW,l J 

,M>iu^' mull hi 

■iuK i 

11 Ereiit ilmt-er 

of losing theii 

•lives, of 

which 1 

hey i 

ii.iil iH'cn mill 

.h nfi 

-iiiil nil thiit .In; 

,■, accepted of 

what he 

on»,o,l 1 

m, mill th- IP 


the Kooils they 

put in a lu-ap, 

anil cov- 

rl't'd the 

■ni fii 

ml th 

un went to tlieii 

• hunting-cal.i 

u. 51 us- 


1 nrii 

■XKctaUy flu 


two or three m. 

lire Indiana II 

lele. laid 

<lu»'n hi 

f Eoo 

,1s, 8111.1 h 

c hml 

killed .l.i.k AVD 

iHtrong and ti 

;ik.-n pay 

for Ills li 



tlieiii ilise.iver it 

, that person 

he would 



but othiTivisi 

.• the; 

.• mi^ht take .1 1 

:>art of the go. 

„ls. The 


Ill Pin i 

ciille.l Jimmy 


kin, after Mu> 



the Eouili, «-i 

ilh th 

ree more India 

ns with whom he had 



iiie ur Ihem w 

IIS Nesluleeny'.s «on, 

whom he ha. 

1 or.Iered 

to kill .hinics 

Smitli, hiittli 

lese II 

li.liana would no 

t have any of t 

he good-. 

lie. I am sHtisHi^'l the Iiuliiins have just rpiison tu conipliiiii ut 
uivior of some of our people." 

:i .■..nirn ii.r li.l.l l.v \V,.i<i-r witli Slii.k Calamy 
iiiiiii1h.|- 111' MilpT lip|i;iri-, whuiii hr lia.l met at 

Sonie time after the yimngli in had heen in ShauMkin it wiw whis- , •||;^,„|i.-rs' Mill, ill I'lXtail-. ill .IllIK-, 1747, ln-rore tlie 

pered al.oiit that some of the Delaware Indians had killed Aruislrong , , ,. ■., ,, , • , , • , 

atidhisn.en. .V drunken In, , came to one of the Tu.lolous houses at '^l^O^e letter Was written, tllfV,- ^p.-ilal rn.nplaint 

night, and t.ihl the ni.iii of the house tliat ho could tell him a piece of James Dunning and Jiillll ]', iWil. trailers, for 
had new«. -What is that?' s.iid the other. Tiie drunken ni:iii, .stealing property from a Delaware liiiiian, a sober, 
wli'i'ch 'if o'l'r '■'I'lVrr'i'i ii'i'i"i'''i"i r'.".',,t' 'I'n'i i,V'"p !! I ' i ' j" ''''■•""' .-"'"'""'1' '"''-"'l "i'^"- Tile accusation agaiust 
them i'iiy«eir,to pn-viiii ;i,i,.t,i.i..,ii. r. i„.i„<.. I, „. ,1: , 1,1 i. i ,: . 1 lull ni ng was fur stealing forty-seven deer-skins and 

our i.reihieii.' Next roi ii- shn k . -..iiTii v ;iihi »>.i in . I i!.^,- I tlu'oe liorses (or iiiares) npon the heads of Joniady 

the i)eiawar,.8 were .ailed to a-sis.uii,iiia|.ies ill cmiicii. Ti shi.u (j^ j f.^) R\ver, while that against Powel was for 

Cahiniy and Oliiniapies got one of the Tridolow Indians to write a letter ^ , ,, „ ,. 

to me to d...siie me to coine to shnnioki.i in all haste, that the Indians Stealing two bundles of skins Jrom the same Indian 
were vi-iy iiiinii iii-sansii.d in iiiiini. This letter was hronght to my when he was in inirsuit of Dunning. The Indian 

dunn.idid not,!iuetonieddiei,iih Deiawaie indiau'safTairs.andstayed at the iiou~e ol aMi.tlii;-r Iiidiaii. The bi'otlier Went to 
at home till 1 received the government's orders to go, which wa.s ahout ]>,„v,.rs lii.U-,'. all.l there took sick and died. Powel 


ik the >kiiis Iriini the island, and it was claimed that 
stole them. Powel was also charged with keeping 

:un that had been pawned with him by these two 
''oiuiin''i.V",i,'iii'i. ,,',', 'i!i i'n'i Ti'i'ui'i'i's '"'lians after the debt to him had been paid. \Veiser, 
m that had ii.d fii>t and .•xamiii.d iiim, when Writing til SeiTetarv Peters, on the 14th of July, 
freely. They tiien went to tlie other, hut says he w.mld lie glad tii hear what the Council pro- 

iwent away and left thein. '1 he lliree In- pg^^g, {„ ,1,, aliiillt the eiilllplaints against these tWO 

agnrit,!l'cili.''them"!rl,'^s,\.nd\?eiivet traders, and adds,— 

li,l.iv,.,i,I,.d;,i,-, anrl some were afraid of their lives, and went^into 

that could not he pMvaihd no t,, .1,., ,„,■, a„, IhlllK, he.:ause of the .■.- 

sentnieiil of their hiu -, l.ut tlirv 1.,im- pr.-Mvl hy Shirk Calamy's 

5un»t,,a.-,-iire the nni, l,i .1 -, ,,11.., « ,„. Il,,,, „,,i,l,l he cut „tf the 

He is afraid 
n-iin-ly f.r tif lii 

A-.iin. iindrr date .if Jiilv :20th. Weiser urges in a 
litt.r tn .-^.I'lvt.iry Peter, lli'at the Indians must have 
vali>l;iitiiiii made fur ]irivato injuries iiitli.ted Upon 
till 111 : if in no uther way, they shoiihl be recom- 
pins,-.i from the piiMic treasury, and more than hints 
that tlu'v all' imt dealt with according to the letter 
ami spirit ..f ihr public treaties. He says it is diffi- 
iiill III arriv.'al the truth in private quarrels between 
111.' ■'wliiii- ami th.' lir.iwn p.'.iple, fir the former will 
..ulsu.Mr tin- Ml-.- livil, and the oath of the latter is 
nut g.Hiil in iMir lau<." 

the .\<>embly :\I.iy f'^, 17 1 1, ntlicial of the 
arrest and impri-nnnient nf the murderer of Arm- 
strong and his mm, ami at a treaty held at Lancaster 
in June with the .leputie-^ uf the Onondagas, Senecas,, t_)neidas, and Tnsearoras he referred to the 



murder, and was responded to by Canassetego on 
belialf of the Six Nations. From his personal inter- 
course with the Indian chiefs and the statements of 
Conrad Weiser, the Governor was convinced that the 
Indian complaints against .the traders and others were 
well founded, and in a message to the Assembly on 
the 31st of July said, — 

"I cannot but be apprehensive that the Indian trade as it is now car- 
traders, in defiance of the law, carry -[■ i iu i;- li lu i^ mnongst them, 
and rake advantngeoflhciritiordioul. ,| i - ilieat them out 

of their skins and their wanipnni, wl : ., . ^, mid often to 

debauch Iheir wives into the bargain 1- ii i - l u.n.lered at then if 
when they recover from tlie drunken lit tliej- shuiild take severe re- 


the l,u\uiiinicn 

The Indians found in the valley of the Juniata by 
the white pioneers were Monseys and Conoys of the 
Lenape nation, Nanticokes of the same original stock, 
Shawnees and Tuscaroras. Some Mingoes of the Iro- 
quois nation made their home afterwards for some time 
in Kishacoquillas Valley. In an accountdated in 1731, 
aiipended to the depositions of Jonah Davenport and 
James Le Tort, Indian traders, mention is made of 
Indian towns on the river as follows : 

Oheswn, upon Choniata, distant from Susquehanna 
sixty miles. Shawanese. Twenty families and sixty 
men. Kissikahqiielas. 

Axfiiiii)ii'jiiili/'i. upon Chfinhitfi, distant .about one hun- 
dri'.l milr^ by water and filty by land from Ohesson. 
Delawares. Twrlve families and thirty-six men. 

Trading-posts had been fixed at an early day in the 
valley, where goods were bartered with the natives 
for furs and skins, but settlements could not he law- 
fully made prior to the extinction of the Indian title 
by the treaty of 1754. Notwithstanding the fact that 
before the treaty the lands were expressly withlield 
from occupancy by the whites, they, regardless of 
treaty stipulations and the reserved rights of the ab- 
origines, pushed forward beyond the purchase-lines, 
and began settlements here and there as inclination 
led or choice lands and abundance of game attracted 
them. The first complaint by the Indians about in- 
trusions upon unpurchased lands in this valley is de- 
scribed in the following paragraphs. 

At a meeting of the proprietary, Thomas Penn, the 
Lieutenant-Governor, and members of the Provincial 

Council, with Shekallamy, a chief, and Indians of the 
Six Nations, held at Philailelphia on the I'.Uii day of 
June, 1733, through the interpreter, (loniad Weiser, 
Shekallamy, after disposing of other items of his mis- 
sion, asked " Whether the proprietor had heard of a 
letter which he and Sassoonan sent to .lolin Harris, 
to desire him to desist from making a plantation at 
the mouth of Chonintit, where Harris has built a house 
and is clearing fields." 

They were told that Harris had only built that 
home for carrying on his trade; that his [ilantation. on 
which he has houses, barns, etc., at Pextan, is his [ilace 
of dwellino- and it is not to be supposed he will re 
not 1 lalelao If 

n k 1 d CI 

1 I II 1 1 h 1 H 1 e 

I I 1 e e of 1 1 1 e 

1 1 11 

11 1 1 H 11,111 

11 1111 111 I 

II 111! 1 H 1 I 

n II I I II 1 1 

11 II 1 111 I 

•5 N 1 1 I I I II 

I e u de 1 d 1 I I 1 
1 1 d be kep f ee n | 

tling on." He was told in answer that care should be 
taken to give the necessary orders in it. 

John Harris, father of the founder of Harrisburg, 
was a native of Yorkshire, England, and settled on the 
bank of the Susquehanna sohie time before the year 
1726. He carried on an extensive trade with the 
neighboring Indian tribes, bartering his mereliaiulise 
for furs and skins. In the pursuit of his husiness he 
appeared to have established a branch trading-lmuse 
at the ninulli of ('hniiiata, of which eneroaehnient the 
ever sen-itive ahorigines uttered the complaints de- 
tailed in the above paragraphs. 

Conrad Weiser, who appears as interpreter for the 
Indians at the meeting on the 19th of June, and 
who subsequently became an active and valuable in- 
tercessor between them and the whites, was born in 
Germany in 1696, but at an early age emigrated to 
America, and settled about the year 1714. His nu- 
merous letters, interspersed in our records and archives, 
indicate him to have been a man of unusual acuteness, 
thorough knowledge of Indian character, and strictly 
upright ill the business committed to him. His place 
of re--i(leiue was in what is now Berks County, and the 
inscription of his letters written when at liome, " TuL- 
PYHOCKIN," indicates that it was at or near the creek 
bearing that name. He was the grandfather of Rev. 
H. A. Muhlenberg, once minister to Austria. 

Weiser is first noticed as an interpreter at a meeting 
of the Council held at Philadelphia, Dec. 10, 1731, to 
which he accompanied Shekallamy and another In- 
dian, messengers sent to the Six Nations.' 



A part of the business of tlie chiefs of tlie Six Na- 
tions :U tlie conference of 1742, wliich be.s^an on the 
30tli day of June,' liad reference to the consideration 
for releasint? tlieir claim to all the land in the prov- 
ince on botli sides of the river Susquehanna lying 
eastward of the Kndless Hills, called by the Dela- 
wares the " Kekkachtananin Hills.' -' 

The Indians having at a previous meeting received 
payment for the lands lying eastsvur.l of the Sus,|Ue- 



were not insensible of the value of their lands nor ig- 
norant of the fact that the goods received in exchange 
therefor wore either tawdry finery or articles of little 
use and soon destroyed or consumed. Canassatego, 
an Onondaga chief, on this occasion said, " We know 
our Lands .-ire now become more Valuable; the white 
People think we .lon't know their Value, but we are 
sensible that the Land i- Everlasting, and the few 
Goods we receive lor it are soon Worn out and Gone; 
for the future, we will sell no lands l,ut when Brother 
Onas ]Penn| is in the Country, and we will know 
beforehand the ( Quantity <,f Goods we are to receive." 
iCol. Iter., iv. .-.70.) 

The whiter still i.ersisted in their de>ire to push 
their srttlements westward, probably for the double 
puilin~e (if seeking game and securing good soil for 
cultivatiiin. In the same speech from which we have 
made the last extract, Cana.ssatego, in speaking of the 
lands westward of the Endless Hills, thus complains: 
" Your I'eople daily settle on these Lauds and spoil 

thrill, a^ voii know they have no right to the Nnrtli- 
ward of Kittnrhiiniiy Hills." 

In these transactions the duplicity and greediness 
of the while man are prominently exhibited, and the 
Indians — sole and rightful proprietors of the soil — set 

domain by the advancing column of civilization. 
And this work to be accomplished by the formality 
of a deed, in exchange for which they will receive a 
few worthless trinkets, or by the gradual and certain 
increase of settlers on thf frontier who restrict the 
limits and assist in the destruction of game, their 
only means of subsistence. Need we be surprised 
then to learn of some atrocious act committed by the 
red man upon the whites when they are daily harassed 
by settlers and traders coming uninvited among them 
and dealing out potions of poisonous rum, defrauding 
them in trade, and occupying their lands? 

In compliance with the request of the Indians the 
following proclamation was issued: 

"By llie Honorable Geouge Thom.\s. E.«4.. and 
Conimander-iu-Chief of the Province of Peimsi/;i'iiiii.i, and tlie Counties 
of Xetc-Cuatle, Kent^ and 6"inMiez upon Delaware, 

*' Wherras, liy tlie express Orders of the Hon., the Proj.rietari^Bf no 
Warrant or Lirense lias issued out of the Laml-office for taking up or set- 

is side of those Hills, 
off them with their 

r.iiy lit tlu-ir highest 


3alil!S of the /JiKr 
■ the Itiver Patow- 

the jiurtiose of -it 
too weak or iini in 
rishts, and that :-(; 

protect tlu-m and tli 
ill be driven from ih 

and the Great Seal of the 
in the SLrlmilh Tear of the 
■cond, by the Grace of God 
efender of the Faith, etc. 

"GuD save the King I" 

ial government doubtless honestly de- 
)• with the demands of the Indians, and 
good faith the mutual contract made 
It the cupidity of the daring white 
ed him to (iay little heed to the proc- 
I lii~ own personal safety in resisting 
. At a council at Shamokin, held 
the orator on the part of the Indians, 
' Brother," through Conrad Wei- 


"The Dutchman' on Scokooniady (Juniata) claims 
a right to the land merely because he gave a little 
victuals to our warriors, who stand very often in need 
of it. This string of wampum serves (the speaker 
then took two strings of wampum in his hands) to 
take the Dutchman by the arm and to throw him 
over the big mountains within your borders. We 
have given the River Scokooniady (Juniata) for a 
hunting-place to our cousins, the Delawares, and our 
brethren, the Shawauese, and we ourselves hunt there 
sometimes. We, therefore, desire you will iinmedi- 
ately by force remove all those that live on the said 
river of Scokooniady." 

From time to time the Indians repeated their com- 
plaints against the intruders with little avail. The 
white pioneers cared little for paper proclamations, 
and less, if anything, for either the presence or the 
rights of the natives. Finally affairs reached such a 
crisis that the government must either enforce its 
laws or by passiveness invite savage revenge. Rich- 
ard Peters and Conrad Weiser were accordingly sent 
out with authority to view the frontier, and dispossess 
any persons found on unpurchased territory. Peters' 
report is herewith printed in full, as it relates in 
part to a district within the bounds of Huntingdon 
County : 

and Oomin.iuder-i[i-Cliief of the Province of Peiinsjlvania, and 
Counties of Now Custle, Kent, and Sussex on Delaware. 
"Tlie Rfport of Eicliard Peters, Esquire, Secretary of tlie Province 

of Pennsjivania, of tlio Proceedings against sundry Persons settled in 

tlie unpnicluised Part of the Province aforesaid. 

a String of Wa 
3 «itli thestroi 
n Tuesdiiy, the 
. Benjamin Cli 
raith, Esquires, 
le Uri 

uder Slieriff. 

nty-five miles from tl 
n the Blue Hills, a pla 

other, not quite nni-Ii ,!, i 
sessedby Georgi ir: i w 
of these Persi'ii' w . \ 
Hiddleston.and c, ,_ ( 
being asked by what Ri-ii 
of those Lands and erect'*< 
or Authority, but that the 
sylvan ia, They then were 

by the Governor's Proclatr 
Proclamation, and had not 
Hereupon tlie said William 
Hiddleston, and George Cnl 
their view, the Under Shci 

of May, the 
Lycon, and 
..n,l Mother 

-rni^ h ji I least for want of their Removal i 

iii;iih i ^i\ Nations of Indians and this Prov 

nee, W -. ; .nl .,, I ii. . I,,.i,ih • Iiil.-euth di of CumherlaiKl, where the Places on 
ettled lay. 

wo of which were Sons of Schickcalamy, 
ho Six Nations with this Gov 

3 Trespassers and had r 

and desiring 

-euth day of May last, for the new 
aces on which the Trespassers had 

Magistrate, went to the I.„. TI„ 
Galloway (which they had. i,: 

Ave Indians, three from Shamoldn, 
amy, who transact th.' Business of 

they were convicted and nn , 

longing to the said Genr,...". ^^ 

»Jalion called ,\;in,n, and Andrew 
Mr. Montour telling us lie had a 
Twightwees to this (iovcrnnu-nt, 
. held on the eighteenth of May 
Iraith, George Croglian, William 

then a confere . . I ^ . , 

and after greiit Iv: ■, ,, , i 

destroyed they « .i |.i, ■ : ; , 

age others to come there -1.., :, 
was doing would signify ii-ll,, 
Distance fro : the Inhabit,.,,; 
and Mr. Weiser also giving it a., l.i 

.1 : • .1 •• : .1 .. ■■inply G 

1.. !■ ^, , s go away, and SO 

i .s-ionofthemats 

, : ! ..-It for the Proprie 

Ion. Ml on that if all the 0; 

were left standing the Indians wou 
ion of the Government that they w 

d conceive such a contemptible 
ould come themselves in the ^V 



Star, a 

Buffalo Greek, 

in Oliv 

er to 


1, Perry 

2 In Cumberland V 



five mi 

German, who settleil 

SluTifT l.y my Order. 

'■The next Day Ijeitigthe twenty-fourth of May, Mr. "Weisernnd Mr. 
G;ilbiaith, witli the Under Sheriff" and myself, ou our Way to the month 
of Juniata, called at Andrew Lycon'3 with Intent only to inform him 

probably in Pfou 


that his Keighbure were bound for his Appearance aiui irnineiiial! to cam bim not to bring himself or them into Trouble by r);.vies 

a Refusal ; But lie presented a loaded Gun to the Magistrates and Sheriff, i That tl 

t tb.- ni>tmau that ilarM to c.uie ni-bor. On this he ' Vmvm 

:, ,, I ,„,.| ., „.,„il!,.,i t . il . r,,.^ ,;> r tb.. SluTiff. left .iff. 

said he V 

tiou.aii.ll.v ii -I- 
insisted on oui b.u 

Mr. Benjaurin (hat 
before separated fro 

urn il Ihenjvelves that Ihe.v were 
Lirew Lycou all the Case to the Gov. 

■ted to nie that they had 

f.uMil ih.iT .laim-B Parker, Thomas Parker, Owen MeKeeb, John Mc- mended it t. tli. m .at i,r.: ! . ■ in -.,.1,111 i.t 

( I.H... Kiiliaid Kirkpatrick, James Murray, John Scott, lleury Oass, if they weir t., ili.. >mui h mI 1 : : . illi i . ih. N-i ili 

J. ,1,1, I ■.,«, 111. .-iiiM. 11 Cirb-e, and Jolin Kilaugh. who bad settled Lands : of it thai llo-j u.-ul.l nivi- 11.. I 1 , . m fi 1. mlly 

oftl,,.t,,., . ,' . \ 1. \\ . 11;. \ li.ii t iiui! Ibeni in Kecoguizauces | of Maryland. 

of the r. 1 '' II... 1 1'.. nil. I- t.. and answer for their j *' I iiave truly related the several Blatters of Fact in the order they were 

1)1- 1,,. 1,1 .,1 - .!;,■■ iii\ -rlf ..r Ml w. 1- I. 11 .. i 111 \ i;. M ■ I . j . 1 . - i . . ..titidence 

remoli-i.;i • ■ i . . : .. ; - iii.iii-, l I -h M ■- 111. I. :. : I : li.. History 

meanest of Ibo-e Cabbins to be set on Fire, where the Families were mc 

not large nor the luiproveineuts considerable. ha 

" On Jlonday, the 2Slh of May, we were met at Shippensburgh by Sam- offi 
uel Smith, William Maxwell, George Croghan, Benjamin Chambers. 

Robert Cbambei-s, William Allison, William Trent, John Finley, John Hv 

Miller, Hermauus Ahicks, and James Galbraitb, Esquires, .Justices of tin 

(■nmljerland County, who informing us that the People in tlie Tuscoraro An 

Path, in the Big Cove, and at Auqiiick would submit, Mr. Weiser to 

earnestly pressed that ho uiiglit be excused any further .attendance, in 

■fore you, that it m.iy appear we 
be Government and a kind and 


Ibiiiie: and 

p, Alexander Mcl.'urlie, David Lewis, Adam McCail 
ndrew Dnnlap, Robert Wilson, Jacob Pyalt. Jacob P.i 
illii Raniage, Reynolds Alexander, Samuel Palteisoll 


presumed to settle at a Place called the Big 
om its being enclosed in the Form of a Bason 
of ihe Kittochtiuny Uills and the Tuscoraro 
; aud lose themselves in other Hills). This 

1 over in the like Kecogn 
prietai ie.^. Three waste 

Big aud Little Conollo 


) convincing that all 
and Mittimus settled 

I life Irum Justice, , 

t of my Henierabran 

Part of the Provin 

dition tliey should acknuwlolg.. tlir_\ ha.l 
Propiitttiiries, and were told at the suttie 
be burnt. With this they «ere satisfin 
Bonds, and expected that as tlu-ir Calibi 
prietiiries the Person in Possession of tl 

continued their Seltleuionts in Op- 
People were only prompted by a 
mds no better, nay not so good as 


Lyon; and «•,,, n 

■ ..u.evulM 


afl.r tbeir 


was burnt and Kin 



mo Bonds 


expressed Satisfa. u 

■ - iM-,-11 done 

to tbe 

r Cabbins, 

SiijingThiitif thBlndi:,!,- «,n,,l 


lid no 

stay thera 

it WHS better to be away dilectlj 

as it was Snnmi 

r Tim 

and mild 

weatber. Finding sucb a geni-ral 

BUbuii-sion, and ve 

rilv be 



would be efTectually taken 

way, the.e was no 


ess in n,y 


r wbicb I did not do for tbo 

.ffenders, giving t: 

em Bk 

ney where 


vere poor, and telling tbeni i 

ley migbt go diicL 


ny Part of 

chased or the India 

where the 


ies were large, aa I l,al.|n-ne 

i:.r,,„l I,,l|, ,,.,1 ,\,.„, In ^la 

to bave several ., 

■c- till 

vn Planta- 
hey could 
lis Lenity 

■i] f,ir their 

Expedient to quiet 

u, proposed a purchase of those 
.isn-uni ibi- Itulians.signifyiug to them that it would be more agree- 
to you to buy them (as the Cause of Complaint principally arose 
■-) than any other; but they absolutely refused, ami instead thereof 
e an otler of about two Millions of Acres on the East iSido of Sasque- 
iiah, saying the People might go and settle there, which was accepted 
a Sum of Money paid them down; and thereupon a Proclamation 
issued to warn the People against continuing or settling on any 
urchased Laud over Sasquehaunah on the severest Penalties ; but 
making no Impression, your Honour issued Orders to me and Mr. 
ser to effect their Removal. 

L leave it to Mr. Weiser (as he was joined with me by your Honour) 
lake his own Report, and shall only observe that in all our Consul- 
»ns he (who is Indian Interpreter for Virginia and Maryland as well 
: this Province, and must be supposed to know tbe minds of the In- 
s the best) proceeded on this as a certain Truth, that if we did not 

■ Fulton County. 

- Fannett township, Franklin Co. 

' On the waters of Little Augbwick Creek, 

intingdou Co., aud the towuship of the same m 

1-, nn i,i..ny u.-iii^l ht- sh<.» ,■,!, Imi t that ihry wuuld feel the 
i-our of the Law. 

ay be proper to add that the Cabbins or Log Houses which were 
ere of no considerable Value, being such as tlie Country People 

i Day or two. 

uly the Charge of an Entertain 

action, humbly hoping the Part I have acted therein will meet with 
your approbation, and that it will have the desired good ERect in re- 
moving the Trespassers and prevent their returning to their Settle- 
ments, and any future Clamours or Complaints from the Indians on 
that Head, aud am 

" Your Honour's most obedient, 

"humble Servant, 

" Philadelphia, July 2, 175i)." 

None of these settlers had ventured farther west 
within the limits of Huntingdon County than the 
Tuscarora Valley in Dublin and probably Tell towu- 

»- — - — — - — — -— ~ — ^ 

& Richard Peters was commissioned provincial secretary Nov. 24, 1748, 
and served until 1760. He owned the land upon which Hollidaysburg 
is located. 


sllips. Tllr Ivcll.Tliol, n{ Ih 

is oin 

|.rtuat.-,l in Ihr „ai, .,■.., th,- x 


Iluntin-.l.m, in thr virinity ■ 

nf \vl 

cabins > 1. |.rnl,;, lli..>r 

of 1' 

Perry, an.l <'liarll..n. 

In August and S,-|i(rinlHT 


renccs detailed in Sr.Tetary 


was iimoM- the Indians of N. 

■w V. 

inessas,'e to them fruiu the pr 


The Onondaira chiefs were ai 


action had heen tal<en ton-ards 
on their lands near tl.r.rnnial: 


■ial vi^it is [ler- five men, exidiisive of o(iicer.s. C'apt. Hiijrh Mercer,' 

<:f " lUirnt Call- eomniandaiit at Sliirley, reported, April 10th, that he 

1, ar the linr ot hail only thirty men, who were engaged to remain 

irh some of the there until the 1st of May, by which time he i.s in 

di-ntu-r, l)eloni:, hopes of completing hi.s company. Col. John Arm- 
strong, August 20th, reported to Governor Morris, 

viii.;- the cMcur- that " as Fort Shirley is not easily defended and their 

■ re|init, WeiMT Water may be taken possession of by the Enemy, it 

irk, drlivrring a running at the Foot of a high bank Eastward of the 

iry government. Fort, and no well Diigg, I am of Opinion, from its 
1 to know what ' remote situation, that it can't serve the Country in 

i-ing the settlers the present Circumstances, and if Attacked I doubt 

Ihi-naliouls, and will be taken if not strongly Garrisoned, but (ex- 

ing finni Wii-ir treamities excepted) I cannot evacuate this without 

- and till- iillirei-s your Honour's Orders," Acting upon the suggestion 

,■ Ci.vnni.r had of Cul. Arni-trnng, William Il^nny, win. had suc- 

lie inlruder>. .-eedrd Uoliert 1 lunter Morris a.0.icnlcnanl( M.vernor, 

y till- |.riivin.-ial ordered the evacuation of the furt. and rr|H.rtril his 

r intinde 1 rllert, action to the Council October I'uh. In another let- 

iiitliiT iiMii|ilaiiit ter of the same date, written froui Carli-lr, imw in 

in ,luly, i::i4, 
tl,.- laiid-. wen- 

CHAPTER VII. ...„ „„. ,„.,, \, ,„-„,„. u„; ,,,., i ,h,. Kuins ,.f F.,rl 

the Frenrh and i 
failure ..1 Cnl. W; 

. wanted U> treat 

an.l Lil 

Shirley. |.r.,l.ali 

Furl l; 

. William .'^liiil.'V 
nn, nil \\u- wr-ln- 

Shi id. 'y 
of the 

sl.iii-g. 1.11 iir 11. Mr 
g of Davi.l 1)1,11, t 

|,„ ;, ,, 1 v.TV 



■' Humble Sorvt., 

Tlie destruction of Fort Granville and ca|>ture of 
prisoners by tlie French and Indians added to (he ter- 
rors of the frontier settlers, and impel led l he ee\ ern- 
nient to resort to more decisive measure-; lo j.iotect 
the people from the murderous assaiills nf the enemy. 
Accordingly Governor Morris, actini; n|inii ijil'iinna- 
tion received from escaped prisoners that Shingas and 
Jacobs, the leaders of the hostile Indians, lived at 
Kittanning, from which point bands were fitted out 
for depredations in this and adjacent provinces, con- 
certed an expedition against that town, to be con- 
ducted by Col. John Armstrong, who was to have 
under his command the companies officered by Capts. 
Hamilton, Mercer, Ward, and Porter, and such vol- 
unteers as could be enlisted. The expedition was to 
be conducted as secretly as possible, and was to be 
organized at Fort Shirley. About the end of August 
the command proceeded en route for Kittanning. "At 
the r.eaver Diinis, a few miles from Frankstown, on 
tlie Nerlh llraneh of Juniata," the sections of the 
coiuiiiaiid that marched separately were consolidated, 
and proceeded r/atheKittanningpath to the objective 

The expedition was, considering the times and cir- 
cumstances, well planned and promptly executed. 
By the 14th of September, Armstrong had reached 
Fort Littleton on his homeward march, and from that 
point sent by express to Governor Denny his official 
report. This b(dd and determined move stayed for a 
time the incursions of the enemy, but there was a 
sense of insecurity felt in the valley until about the 
beginning of 1762. On Jan. 5, 1757, the corporation 
of Philadelphia, as a reward for his services, pre- 
sented Col. Armstrong with a piece of plate, caused 
a medal with appropriate legends to be struck, and 
addressed him a letter thanking him anil his officers 
for their gallant conduct. 

In 1758 an army under Gen. John Forbes, com- 
prising commands officered by Cols. Boquet and 
Washington, set out vid Fort Bedford to dislodge the 
French at Fort Duquesne, and with the exception of 
a sanguinary engagement between advanced bodies 
under Majs. Grant and Lewis and the Freueli and 
Indians, the main army reached the fort witlioul 
serious loss, but found it in ruins. The French, un- 
able to cope with the superior force of the English, 
chose to apply the torch rather than to surrender the 
fortress. Forbes erected defensive works, wdiich the 

tiong ^\itli two biotbers and a si.ster emigrtitetl from the 
.ml, and suttkd at Cal lisle about 1748. He died Miircb 9, 
. Iiuiied ill the old cemetery at Carlisle, Itis son Julili, 
^le ill 1758, Bt'ived in the Revolutionary war, United States 
New Yolk, miuibter to France, and Secretary of War 
'lit Bladifaon. Dr J.iuies,anotlierson, becaniedihtiiigiiislied 
1 He died iu 18^8, and was buried alongside bis father. 

next year were supplanteil by more substantial ones, 
and, in honor of the then British premier, were named 
Fort Pitt. The same year (1758), at a council held 
at Eastdii. the boundaries in the Indian deed of 1754 
to the ]iru|>iiet;iries were curtailed and more clearly 
deliiieil, and tlieir title to the lands in the valley of 
the Juniata confirmed, 

Tlie Pontiac war, begun in 1763, again alarmed the 
frontiersmen, and quiet and peace was not assured 
until the successful termination of Col, Bmiuet's ex- 
pedition in the autumn of 1764. 

Fort Standing Stone.— This fort stood in the 
vicinity of Penn and Second Streets in the borough 
of Huntingdon. Its dimensions or precise locality 
cannot be ascertained, for no one now living ever saw 
its lines of defense. The only parts of it remaining 
in modern times were the logs from one of the maga- 
zines that had been removed from their original place 
in the fort to No. 205 Penn Street, aud there re-erected 
and utilized as the lower story of a building which 
was long occupied as a blacksmith-shop by John 
Simpson, James Simpson, David Snare, and others. 
They were of heavy oak timber, hewn on four sides, 
and " dove-tailed" at the corners so as to fit closely 
together. This building was torn down about 1854 
to clear the ground for the erection of the residence 
of Theodore H. Cremer, Esq. The accepted tradition 
relative to the time of the erection of this fort fixed 
the date about the beginning of the war of the Revo- 
lution, but on an interesting map of the territory em- 
braced between the Hudson on the east, the central 
part of Ohio on the west, the shores of Lakes Erie 
and Ontario and the river St. Lawrence on the north, 
and Maryland on the south, constructed by Capt. 
Pouchot, in the French military service, and trans- 
mitted by him to Marshal de Belle Isle in a letter 
dated Montreal, 14th April, 1758,^ quite a number 
of the English defenses and other prominent objects 
are located. Among those in Pennsylvania are Phila- 
dclphie, Laneastre, Euifon, Franckstoion, Rays Toioii, 
de la Susqiteahanna, Jiiueain i?,, Piclle T!., F. fniit- 
berlaml, F. Standen Stone, F. <lii (i„r,iir. I.„,nh,n, 
Litetoii, Loyalanon, etc. Viewed in the ligiit "I' our 
present geographical knowledge, the map presents 
many inaccuracies, but it is, nevertheless, a remark- 
able exhibit of the district it essays to represent 
when we consider the time at which it was prepared, 
and the meagre data obtainable a century and a 
quarter ago in the then w^estern wilds. 

This map gives Fort Standing Stone an existence 
at a date much earlier than that fixed by any English 
records that have been found. The French having, 
by the treaty of Paris in 1763, surrendered all their 
northern possessions to the British, were no lonjrer in- 
terested in this region, and after that time could iiave 
no motive to revise Pouchet's ma|i, which as now 
printed purports to be A/av-s'imilr of the original. 




Other Forts.— Aliiiosl at tho beirinimi'; ol [he 
KfvolutidiKiry .slrufrfrle tlie settlers of the valley felt 
the nece.-sity tor providing .sate retreat.s from invading 

ereeted tlirougliout the .settlniicnt-. 'riny were 
usually eonstrueted of logs, and |.rovidrd with luo|i- 
holcs to serve tho donhle pur|iii-e nl' " duthndcs" and 
for the use of the rille in ease of ailaiks. Tho-e elaborately hnill were made of tiiidicr- set on 
end and llnnly iiMl..'dd.'d in the gnuin.l. and were 
called slorkade^. In-hle were magazines l„r the -afe 
storage nf ammiiniti..M, and l.arraeks for the aeeom- 
ni..dati(.n of soldier- or tho>e seeking proteetion. 
/■;//,,■. was I lolliday-lmrg, near where MeCa- 
han- mill -tan.l>. J/.,//;./.n/\^, about a mile below 
that town, wa- I'et.a- 'fitiis' log barn transformed j 
into a military defeii-r. y,-"vv'< wa- built in Canoe \ 
valley, thne nnles soutbwe-t of Water ^-ireet, where 
the German K.-lormrd riinreh now stands. This • 
being small, the hou-e of .Matthew Dean, farther up 
the valley, wa- n-ed temporarily. The people of 
Sinking Valley were ae.-ommiMlated by a fort built 
near the re>hieiiee of .laeob Roller. Hartsnck'f, in 
Woodroik Valley, near Marklesburg, and Lytic ■% in ' 
Ilarfs I.o^r. three mile- -oiith of Ale.xaielria, served 
the irdiabitants in their respeetive localities. On the 
southwest >ide of Shaver's Creek, near its month, was 
AnikrKon'.^, wdiile farther up the ereek Alexander -Me- 
Conniek's house was used for the same purpose. .1/e- 
Alcvi/^, a -hort di-tanee east of the village of .Me- 
Alevy's Fort, wa- the refuge of the inhabitants of 
Standing Stom. Valley. 

The demand for lead in the Revolutionary struggle 
stimulated seareh for that metal, and sutfieient indiea- j 
tions were f lUiid in Sinking Valley to warrant mining 
operations there. In the explorations made tracdngs 
ol' aiieient workings were found, and these were sup- 
posed to have been the work of the French, to wdiom 
the Indian- had cMjmmunieated the information that 
lead exi-led in the valley. .John Armstnnig, then a 
to Pre-ident Wharton, mentions this locality, and sug- 
gests thai the mine on the proprietaries' tract) should, 
"at lea,-t lor the present, be seized by and belong to 
the State.- Ceil, lianiel lIolM-rdeau. then a meiid)er 
of Con-re-, a-ked and obtaineil leave ol ab-enee lor 



about tbedi-eovery ol a m-w v.'in 
ises an ample -npply. fo protect his workmen a 
stockade was bnilt, which «a- i-alled Fort ll„l,n;h„u, 
but by man> was d,-i,unated Ihe I.r,„l-Mu,r Fori. 
During the autumn ol 1:70, Capt. Tlioma- ('luggage 
was ill command of the tort with a .-ompany ol Kan- 
gors. In .March of that vear the provim lal authorities 
decided to rai-e live companies of Kan-er-, makin- 

three hundred and eighty men in all, for the defense 
of the frontiers, and on April 7th the Council ap- 
pointed Thomas Cluggage captain, and ileans 

first lieutenant id" the company to be raised in Red- 
ford County. .\t the captain's suggestion, Moses 
Donley was appointecl second lieutenant, June ^(jth. 
Octolier lUth he reported that his command had been 
reviewed and passed muster; three officers and forty- 
three rank ami file, one of the latter " killed or taken." 

Numerous parties of hostile Indians fell upon the 
settlers of the valley from time to time, murdering 
inhabitants, carrying off captives, and burning dwell- 
ings. The particulars in most eases will be found 
in the history of the townships wdiere these events 
occurred. The business of the land office is a pretty 
good indication of tlie sense of security felt by the 
people of the province in these perilous times. From 
Feb. 3, 175-5, to the month of June of that year a 
dozen or more warrants were granted for land in 
Huntingdon and Blair. During the seven years im- 
mediately following there does not appear to have 
been any issued. On May 31, 1762, several warrants 
were taken out for lands on the Aughwick, on the 
Frankstown Branch, and in other localities, and from 
that date business was i|uite active during the balance 
of that and the first half of the succeeding year. The 
only entry for 17il4 appears to be George Croghan's 
application for a warrant for the Standing Stone 
tract, then held by improvement. The next year, 
17G.), a dozen or more warrants were taken out, and 
in 1766 a much greater number. In the latter year 
the "application system" was introduced, and hun- 
dreds of persons availed themselves of the opportu- 
nities it afforded of obtaining land on advantageous 
terms, and from the time at which this plan was put 
into operation, Aug. 1, 1766, until the close of the 
land office during the war of the Revcilnlion but few- 
warrants were issued. 

The Indians Grow Troublesome.— In the early 

part .pf the summer of 1777 the Indians licgaii to 
make incursions from the West and commit murders 
and pillage in Westmoreland C.mnty, which had 
been set off from Bedford in 177"., and linn em- 
braced all of the southwestern part of the province. 
Col. .lolm Piper, lieutenant of Bedford County, ap- 
prelieiiding that the savage foe would soon be em- 
bohlencd to invade the territory of his military juris- 
diction, -up]ilied arms and sustenance lo the militia 
called oiil for the defense of the frontier as far as it 
wa- po--ilile with the means at command to do. lu 
a letter to the Council, Dec. 11), 1777, he commends 
.Mr. llolliday, of Frankstown, for his action in as- 
,-eudiling the people of his vicinity and in procuring 
provi-ion- lor the militia wdio went to their ;issistance. 
'fhe -ii nation grew more alarming, and Piper re- 
].orte.l 1.. President Wharton, Jan. 20, 1778, that the 
sitnalioii of the frontiers was such that on consulta- 
tion with Col. Hugh Davidson, sub-lieutenant, it was 
decideil that to prevent the entire evacuation of the 



western part of the county it was necessary to raise 
tliirty men for tlie defense of the Glades (now Som- 
erset County), forty for the central division, including 
the town of Bedford, thirty for Frankstown, thirty 
for Sinking Valley, and thirty to guard the inhabit- 
ants of Hart's Log and Shaver's Creek Valleys, the 
enlistments to be for nine months. He remarked that 
if the measures recommended be approved the set- 
tlers will remain, and if rejected he had reason to 
believe that upon the first alarm from the Indians 
a great part of the county would be left desolate. 
The Council, Ftlniiary I'd, refused approval of his 
action, as it \v:is uiiwai runted by the militia law, 
which pointed out the method of raising such a force 
as he deemed necessary in the emergency. 

The deprivations to which our citizens were sub- 
jected are so fnlly [lortrayed in the following docu- 
ment that it is presented entire : 

and anxiety, anJ these are the dangers against wliich we pray that in 
your wisduni you w'd Dtake tlie speediest and most effectual provision. 
Besides, stiould tlie cruelties of the savages extend as far as us. yun 
must know that we are uot capable of ourselves to make adequate re- 
sistance; we must flie, and leave those who are now more remote from 
danger exposed to all that iuh^ manily which we now dread before the 
danger readies us. Wo will cUeeilully contribute all the assistance in 
our power to the present sufferer-s ; but should we ourselves become the 

;ood of the people, 

vils tliat now threaten us. 
; you to awaken in you the 
aie sensibly affected with 

These petitioners chiefly resided in the territory 
now embraced in Dublin township, Huntingdon Co., 
and Dublin township, Fulton Co., and many of their 
descendants now live in the same neighborhood. 

The Tories and their Expedition to Kittanning 
—Murders by the Indians.— The year 1778 opened 
inauspiciously for the province, and especially for the 
settlers in the interior. The British were in posses- 
sion of Philadelphia, the Indians were menacing the 
settlements and Tories along the frontiers, adding 
terror to the already alarmed pioneers and their fami- 
lies. The number of the residents in the upper part 
of the Juniata Valley that adhered to the mother- 
country during the early days of the struggle for in- 
dependence has been greatly exaggerated, and the 
statement that the valley contained nearly as many 
Tories as it did patriots' is a great error, and an un- 
warranted reflection upon the patriotism of a region, 
sparsely populated as it was, that when New England 
appealed for aid, furnished a company of frontier rifle- 
men to assist in the defense of Boston in 1775. On 
the other hand, public sentiment in favor of inde- 
pendence was so strong in the valley, that those clearly 
guilty of treasonable practices could not dwell longer 
therein, while the sojourn of the suspected became 
very uncomfortable to them. Of the small number 
that had the courage to even secretly espouse the 
British cause, John Weston, who it is supposed then 
resided in Canoe Valley, a mile fir two west of Water 
Street, was the chosen leader, and at his house convo- 
cations were held. 

It appears that a general plan was formed to con- 
centrate a large force of Indians and Tories at Kittan- 
ning, then cross the mountain by the Indian path, 
and at Burgoon's Gap divide, one party to march 
through the Cove and Conococheague Valleys, the 
other to follow the Juniata Valley, and form a junc- 
tion at Lancaster, killing all the inhabitants on their 
march. The Tories were to have for their share in 
this general massacre all the fine farms on the routes, 
and the movable property was to be divided among 
the Indians.- A party was organized and proceeded 
to Kittanning in April, 1778, but by a mistake on the 
part of the leaders their designs were providentially 
frustrated. Gen. Roberdeau, in a letter from Stand- 
ing Stone, April 23d, to the lieutenant of Cumberland 
County,^ apprised him of the expedition, and esti- 
mated the number of men therein at thirty. He 
stated that one of them (Hess) had been taken, who, 
in a confession extorted, said they expected to be 
joined by three hundred men from the other side of 
the Allegheny. Roberdeau mentions the prevalence 
of other reports fixing the nuiiilicr ul' whites and sav- 
ages at a thousand, but in view nf pnivi^iiming so 
large a body, thinks the number to be overestimated. 
Carothers reported to the Council, April 24th, that he 
hadjust received an express from Kishacoquillas Valley 

Henry Uoltz, Isaac Lefevi 

1 Jones, p. 250. 

; Ibid., p. 2.1 


Other Forts.— Almost at the Ije^MiHiin^c of iIk' 
EevcjIutioiKiry stnifrf^le tlie settlers of tlie valley felt 
the necessity for providing safe retreats irnni invading 
parties of Indians, and forts were from time to lime 
creeted throughout the settlements. 'I'liey were 
usually eonstrueted of logs, and [irovided with loop- 
holes to serve tlie double purpose of "<jutlooks" and 
for the use of the rifle in ease of attacks. Those 
most elaborately built were made of timliers set on 
end and iirmly imbedded in the ground, ami were 
called stockades. Inside were magazines ini- i!i,- >are 

,f sold 


those seeking protection, 
ve llullid;i>-lmrg, near where McCa- 
lian'~ mill .-laod^. llnlli,l,iif.-:, about a mile below 
that town, ua- IVIrr Tiui.V log barn transf<,rme<l 
into a mililarv .lefri,^,'. L„,r,;/s wa< built in Canoe 
valley, three miles .southwol of Water Slrert. where 
the German Reformed ('liiireh now >tand>. This 
being small, the house of .Matthew Dean, larther up 
tbe valley, was used temporarily. The people of , 
Sinking \'alley were accommodated by a fort built 
near the loidence of Jacob Roller. Hnrhr,c!:s, in 
Woodcock Valley, near Markle.sburg, an.l I.ijile'.", in 
Hart's Log, three miles south of Alexandria, served 
the iidiabitants in their respective localities. {_)n the 
southwest side of Shaver's Creek, near its mouth, was 
AiuU-rsoii's, while farther up tlie creek Alexander 3Ic- 
Cormick's house was used for the same purpose. Mr- 
A/cnfs, a short distance ea>t of the village of .Mc- 
Alevy-s iM.rt, wa~ the refuge of the inhabitants ,.f 
Standing Slone \-aUey. 

The demand for lead in the Revolutionary struggle 
stimulated search for that metal, and suliicieiit indica- 
tions were I'ouiul in Sinking Valley to warrant mining 
operations there. In the explorations made tracings 
of ancient workings were found, and these were sup- 
posed to lia\c been the work of the French, to whom 
the Indian- had eommuuicated tiie infonnation that 
lead e.xi-tid in the valley. .John Armstrong, then a 
major-general, in a letter from Yorktown, Feb. 2;i, 177>i, 

gests that the mine i on the proprietario' tract > -liould, 

the State." Gen. lianiel Kohenleau, then a jneiuber 
of Congress, asked and obtained leave ol ali.-eiice lor 
the purjiose <if ..'.linu' to the \:illey ami eoiidneling 
mining operation^, and on the ];il, of .\pr)l was at 
Carlisle on li.e load tnillier. On tli.^ S.'A of that 
month h.' wa. at Slan.ling and on the l^Tth 
writes from ■■ Smkin- >|.nn- Willev- .■neoui:i-ini;lv 

sloeka.le wa> bnill 

, whi. 

ch wa> ( 

■ailed /;, 

,■/ I!ni. 


but by many w.a 

s de> 


the /.n, 


■■ Furt. 

During the aulum 

n ol 

177'.', r:i 

ipl. Thon 

lias Cf 


was in commaml . 

,1 the 

h a eomi 

MOV o 

1 K.m- 

gers. In .March of 


vear the 



dc'cided t.i rai>c 1 

ive CI 

> ol Kan 

gcr>, 1 


three hundred and eighty men in all, for the defense 
of the frontiers, and on April 7th the Council ap- 
pointed Thom.ts Cluggage captain, and ."\Ieans 

first lieutenant of the compau}' to be raised in Bed- 
ford County. At the captain's suggestion, Moses 
Donley was appointed second lieutenant, June 2tjth. 
October lOtli he reported that his eoniniand had been 
reviewed and passed muster ; three officers and forty- 
three rank and file, one of the latter " killed or taken." 

Numerous parties of hostile Indians fell upon the 
settlers of the viilley from time to time, murdering 
inhabitants, carrying off captives, ajid burning dwell- 
ings. The particulars in most cases ndll be found 
in the history of the townships where these events 
occurred. The business of the land office is a pretty 
good indication of the sense of security felt by the 
people of the province in these perilous times. From 
Feb. 3, 175.5, to the month of June of that year a 
dozen or more warrants were granted for land in 
Huntingdon and Blair. During the seven years im- 
mediately following there does not appear to have 
been any issued. On May 31, 1762, several warrants 
were taken out for lauds on the Aughwick, on the 
Frankstown Branch, and in other localities, and from 
that ilate bu-iness was (piite active during the balance 
of that and the first half of the succeeding year. Tbe 
only entry for 17G4 appears to be George Crogliau's 
application for a warrant for the Standing .Stone 
tract, then held by improvement. The next year, 
17ti'i. a dozen or more warrants were taken out, and 
in 17l'ili a much greater number. In the latter year 
the ■' ajjplication system" was introduced, and hun- 
dreds of ])ersons availed themselves of the ojiportu- 
nities it afforded of obtaining land on advantageous 
terms, and from the time at which this plan was put 
into operation, .^.ug. 1, 17G(5, until the close of the 
land office during the war of the Revolution but hw 
warrants were i.ssned. 

The Indians Grow Troublesome.— In the early 

part of the sniniiier of 1777 the Indians began to 
make imairsions fnnu the West and cmnniit murders 
and pillage in Westmoreland County, whic-h had 
been set oft' from Bedford in 177:;, and then em- 
braced all of the .southwestern part of the province. 
I'ol, .lohu Piper, lieutenant of Bedford County, ap- 
prehending that the savage foe would soon be em- 
liiililiiii'd to invade the territory of his military jnris- 
dieii'in, supplied arms and sustenance to the militia 
called oiii for the defense of the frontier as far as it 
was pnsHl.le with the means at command to do. In 
a hii.r to the Council, Dec. ll», 1777, he commends 
.Mr. HollMiay, of Frankstown, for his action in as- 
sembling the pco[>le of his vicinity and in procuring 
provisi.iiis for the militia wdio went to their assistance. 
The situation grew more alarming, and Piper re- 
l.Mite.l In rresident Wharton, Jan. 20, 1778, that the 
silLiation ,,f the frontiers was such that on consulta- 
tion with Col. Hugh Davidson, sub-lieutenant, it was 
de.ided that to prevent the entire evacuation of the 



western part of the county it was necessary to raise 
thirty men for the defense of the Glades (now Som- 
erset County), forty for the central division, including 
the town of Bedford, thirty for Frankstown, thirty 
for Sinking Valley, and thirty to guard the inhabit- 
ants of Hart's Log and Shaver's Creek Valleys, the 
enlistments to be for nine months. He remarked that 
if the measures recommended be approved the set- 
tlers will remain, and if rejected he had reason to 
believe that upon the first alarm from the Indians 
a great part of the county would be left desolate. 
The Council, February 2d, refused approval of his 
action, as it was unwarranted by the militia law, 
which pointed out the method of raising such a force 
as he deemed necessary in the emergency. 

The deprivations to which our citizens were sub- 
jected are so fully portrayed in the following docu- 
ment that it is presented entire : 

" May 19, 1778. 

"The Inhaliitants of DuMin Township, To the hon(Uir;ible .\sseluUly, 

the Representatives of tlie State of PennsyUunia : 

'*\Ve, your humble Petitionei's, deeply inipres-ied witli a sense of the 

dauger to whicli we are e.xpo.sed by tlie Indians, beg leave in a suppliant 

manner to liiy our case before you, praying that in your deliberations 

We slnill shortly be deprived 

their progress, it will in many respects 1 
tage. We would not pretend to dictate 

to our 


eater ad 



y particular 







1 -. 



■Walker, 1'.,Im i, 1 ii r i 
Nelson, ThoV rarter, 
Henry Holtz, Isaac Lefev 

These petitioners chiefly resided in the territory 
now embraced in Dublin township, Huntingdim Co., 
and Dublin township, Fulton Co., and many of their 
desconilnnts now live in the same neighborhood. 

The Tories and their Expedition to Kittanning 
—Murders by the Indians.— The year 1778 opened 
inauspiciously for the province, and especially for the 
settlers in the interior. The British were in posses- 
sion of Philadelphia, the Indians were menacing the 
settlements and Tories along the frontiers, adding 
terror to the already alarmed pioneers and their fami- 
lies. The number of the residents in the upper part 
of the Juniata Valley that adhered to the mother- 
country during the early days of the struggle for in- 
dependence has been greatly exaggerated, and the 
statement that the valley contained nearly as many 
Tories as it did patriots' is a great error, and an un- 
warranted reflection upon the patriotism of a region, 
sparsely populated as it was, that when New England 
appealed for aid, furnished a company of frontier rifle- 
men to assist in the defense of Boston in 1775. On 
the other hand, public sentiment in favor of inde- 
pendence was so strong in the valley, that those clearly 
guilty of treasonable practices could not dwell longer 
therein, while the sojourn of the suspected became 
very uncomfortable to them. Of the small number 
that had the courage to even secretly espouse the 
British cause, John Weston, who it is supposed then 
resided in Canoe Valley, a mile or two west of Water 
Street, was the chosen leader, and at his house convo- 
cations were held. 

It appears that a general plan was formed to con- 
iciitrate a large force of Indians and Tories at Kittan- 
iiiiig, then cross the mountain by the Indian path, 
ami at Burgoon's Gap divide, one party to march 
through the Cove and Conococheague Valleys, the 
other to follow the Juniata Valley, and form a junc- 
tion at Lancaster, killing all the inhabitants on their 
march. The Tories were to have for their share in 
this general massacre all the fine farms on the routes, 
and the movable property was to be divided among 
the Indians.^ A party was organized and proceeded 
to Kittanning in April, 1778, but by a mistake on the 
part of the leaders their designs were providentially 
frustrated. Gen. Roberdeau, in a letter from Stand- 
ing Stone, April 23d, to the lieutenant of Cumberland 
County,^ apprised him of the expedition, and esti- 
mated the number of men therein at thirty. He 
stated that one of them (Hess) had been taken, who, 
in a confession extorted, said they expected to be 
joined by three hundred men from the other side of 
the Allegheny. Roberdeau mentions the prevalence 
of other reports fixing the number of whites and sav- 
ages at a thousand, but in view of provisioning so 
large a body, thinks the number to be overestimated. 
( 'arothers reported to the Council, .\pril :i4tli, tiiat he 
hadjust received an express from Kisharoi]uillus Valley 


! Ibid., p. 251. 



Mi|i|ilv i.r ;iniis, :lim1 liriiii.'iii;i iiiluniiiil iorj tliiil In lii> li-ltrr oT thi- l'>th of the same month. Piper 

MrAlrvy ha'l (•■>iiir tlun- rx|.n>^ hiiii>fll, u iiii -iv.- a ~lill iiiiirr i;l"()iiiy account ol" the coiisterna- 

■.•.iiint that a h.i<ly ..I 'I'Mii.-, iiiiiiil>triii- ii< arly tioii uf the ]:L-''\>\r, the rtyinji of great numbers to 

■ hmiih-ed ami t« iiily, hail driven a iiiiiiiher ol' |.laee- of greater seeiirity, and tiie increasing dread of 

litant- Ironi "Slandiie/ St^iue Towii." This re- those who remained of an attack from the savages or 

.'eraled. and Col. Me. \ levy, who was not n|.on .V Iter Uiehard Weston's capture, he was examined, 

the ground hini-elf, wa- niiMiilornied. lihliard We, .\pril U7th, relative to tlie Kittanning expedition, and 

ton, one of the Kiltanni.i- |.arlv, was arrested on his narrat.'d the einMimsl.anccs as follows: 

return to the vallev, and sent, .\pril :i7lli. l.v ( ien. That .loin. We-ton," hi- hmther. a-ke,l him if he 

Koherdeau.' under -uard eonini.inded l.y J.ieiit. woul.l i;o out to hunt. That he had lieard at the 

Means, to iIi.' ( 'ai li-l.- jail, to await the orders ol' the Standing .Stone that a company of men were going to 

('(juneil. < 'aroilar-. ' who tindeistooil the eomlition join the English and the Indians, and his informant 

of all'airs at tlii- eriiieal time, slated the itdiahitarits was lienjamin Elliot, in conversation with Francis 

are very niueh disheartened, not knowing at what ('luggage. That he refused to go hunting, and that 

moment those " villain-" may hi in- d.iw ii the -;iv.iges hrother .(olin and w ife hoth came and entreated Iiim 

to murder their families. Col. I'ip-r. who-,, re-idenee to g,,, and he was prevailed on. That last Thurs,hiy 

wass.nue miles .lisiant from (he path from Carlisle to was a week he set otf with hi- said hrother, and the 

the eontem|ilaled inva-ion until M.iy 4tli. when he men whom they met in the woods in Sinking Spring 

wrote to the president a-lollows:' valley, viz., Samuel Berrow, Jacob Hare,' Michael 

'SiK, -\u i.ti.ii ..I 111. Hi .-i,;,hnMn.i- ii.tin ,■ (;ui.i ;is 1 imiipvi. nito- ITcre, Pctcr Shaver,'* I'cter Daly, Adam Portmerser," 

K.ti,.T .n.|... .i.ia. 1 i,,-h,i|. II. I Liiiiv ini, e.„„.M.f ti.M <'..niiii, Peter Portmer.ser, and old Portmerser, the father of 

'l'^^!Z'^^■ul'Z■''''''^■'•''^^ Adam and Peter, McKee,'" James Little," John 

!,.«. ., \uhii I 1.1 , I i , till .nil. uni III iiiiin :ur (I Campbell and William t'ampbell, William Hamson, 

iiiihi. I, iiimiu :u :ii ill. , .- Ill : _. 1 ii i , ni ii - Ih-i iim ;n i-u n ii I In- .lame- Armstrong.'" Joliu and William Shilling, and 

!r'l'l'7!"',''''^7!rrriri'l!il'i'mr'!n'i''i 'n"!"M !'"w """ """■'■"■ "■'"'"' "■'""'" '"' ''"'" ""' '•>-""■'"'"'>■■ luaking 

1,'Jl ,",'„', ,','17' '' ''"' """'"""'"■" • """•"" "'"""• ■ ""• """■" in (I,,! whole, with his brother ami him-elf. the num- 

•■Tl,.-v ,„■„.■ n|,„i,l, a l^iilv III- Iii.liiin- ■ ■ ..rut, In- K i.tiin ,i„i..., ber of tbirty-oiie. That McKee, Jacob Hare, ami 

"'"'""""''■'■''"-"'"'""■'''' >. 'III. iii.iim-. -"-i'"i nii^ - .111.. iii-i.,ii Samuel lierrow, in ptirticular, urged him, with a 

w.i.^ III,. Hiii.i.i.i.ii.r iif till. 'I'..!!.- iii.i -. lii.'ii him III. I,. 11,.'. i;..,t ni'.i pi'oiii i-e ol' three hundred acres of land, to piek the 

i,ni,.i.,lii.ti.|.v-,i,.'ui.iv„i,. r, i..n.'i.,.o.,':,it..,iin..t.iiii',iii..'i„iViii.|-|.,i, saiue wliere he plea-ed. if he would s„ with the , i- 

'^^^7'■''777'''H''7''',"'''rn' """"'■■'"'' "■■■'■•"■i'''-i-' '■ pany to the Kittanning to join lour or live hnmlred 

■ birt or 

atteniiited to (.se-ipe 

1 all othe 
or elmle 1 

rs of 

lat if Ik 

V he 

iiigor 1 

.aui-hed to the I'.av i 

if Homh 


ish prev 

ailed over this count 

rv. Tha 

t he 

the con 

npanv over Alleghen 

,v .Mount 


ir iirogr 

ess they were met hv 



of IIll 

ntiligdon, , 




tlie nnravi 


ce ii 

1 Hunt 

;ing,im, wa 


l.i, r 

r.S.'i. lie 

sold his |. 



igtiill (.■ 

i.unty, Jlil. 


that one of them shot his brother, and another of j 
them scalped him. That after his brother was shot, 
J\[eKee pulled a letter out of his pocket which he 
had got from an English officer in Carlisle gaol, and 
with this letter displayed a handkerchief, crying 
peace, peace, lirothers, but that the savages ran off 
without uiviiiu- attention. That he immediately re- 
tuniiMl, with MclCee, Jacob and Michael Hare, Little, 
Adam rorlmrrscr. Peter Portmerser, William and 
.Tohn Sliiliiiii:, I'cter Shaver, William Hamson, and 
one or twn nmie whose names he does not know. 
Tliat he parted with some of them at the foot of Al- 
legheny, and with some others in Sinking Valley, all 
of wlicim declared they would never return home or 
surrender themselves, but go to Baltimore, and wait 
the arrival of the English fleet. That he came and'rcd himself to Capt. John McDonald, at Ed- 
ward Beaty's. That McKee informed the company 
that he understood a number of English were to join 
the savages, and about the 10th of next month to 
come down upon this State. That he was informed 
by iiis brother, John Weston, that John Hess was to 
meet and join the company. That he heard Zebe- 
diah Rickets, n(iw a prisoner, say tliat if ho knew 
how to leave his family he wouhl go away, to avoid 
taking tlie oatli prescribed by the State." 

Col. Armstrong, June 23d, reports that a woman 
atid two children were missing and one man wounded 
at the head of Kishacoquillas Valley. This woman 
was the wife of Rev. David Eaton, who then lived on 
the farm lying immediately west of the gap in Stand- 
ing Stone Mountain, Brady township, and now con- 
stituting a part of what was commonly called the 
"Milliken mill property." Mr. Eaton had settled 
there in 1775- or earlier. The wife and two children 
were carried off by the savages, and all efforts on the 
l)art of the husband and father, assisted by many of 
his neighbors, were unavailing. Skeletons were after- 
wards found near a path in the Warrior's Mark settle- 
ment wdiich were by some supposed to be those of the 
captives. A son, Joseph, escaped, and afterwards be- 
came a man of some prominence as a surveyor and 
military officer. He removed to Ohio about 180o. 
His son George W., adopting the calling of the grand- 
father, afterwards became connected as professor with 
colk'ges in Kentucky and Hamilton, N. Y., and died 
in the latter place Aug. 3, 1872. 

The wounded man mentioned by Armstrong was a 
young Slagle, who, according to one tradition, was 
passing through the gap from his home to Pridmore's 
null with a bag of grain. He was shot by some one 
in ambush, and instead of returning home proceeded 
to Fort Standing Stone to have his wounds dressed. 

for the land Feb. 3, 1775. In June 
t of William Maclay, deputy surveyo 
' and made a survey of tlie land. Oi 
) go to Canada in searcli for liis cliili 

There was no surgeon at that place, and despairing of 
rendering him the necessary aid, some friends set out 
with him in a canoe to go down the river to Middle- 
town, the nearest point where he could be properly 
cared for, but he died before reaching his destination. 
He declared that he was shot by Jacob Hare. 

Artnstrong, always practical, insisted that the grain 
then growing upon the frontier farms was of such im- 
portance for the support of the people that it must be 
harvested, and, for the present, the idea of invading 
the Indian country must be postponed to enable the 
harvest to be cut, and to that end suggested that the 
work in the fields must be conducted by associated 
bodies of men, with guards to cover them and patrols 
to pass from settlement to settlement. He also recom- 
mended to Congress' a simultaneous advance, at the 
proper time, of not less than three bodies of men from 
widely separated points into the Indian country in 
the valley of the Allegheny, as the most efficient means 
of routing the invaders of the settlements of the 
province. The authorities endeavored to carry out 
the suggestions for the protection of the frontiersmen 
engaged in gathering the crops, and to that end Col. 
Carothers sent to Standing Stone Valley such men as 
could be spared for that purpose.* In a consultation 
between the Council and the board of war arrange- 
ments were made for frontier defense, and it was agreed 
that Col. Brodhead's regiment, then (July 14th) on 
the march for Pittsburgh, should be ordered to the 
Standing Stone. In additiflu to these Continental 
troops, three hundred militia from Cumberland County 
and two hundred from York County were to be ordered 
to the same place. Brodhead's regiment, or the part 
of it ordered to Standing Stone, was estimated at three 
hundred men; these, with the militia, would make a 
force of eight hundred." Other bodies, numbering 
ten hundred and fifty and five hundred and seventy, 
were ordered respectively to Su!d)ury and Easton. 
Brodhead received orders to p:i-;s ovtr to the iipiier 
branches of the Susquehaniiii, and if he reachcil 
Standing Stone at all, did not halt long there. The 
presence of his command exercised a salutary effect, 
as great number of the terrified inhabitants on the 
West Branch and Penn's Valley returned and saved 
most of the growing crops. Col. Carothers reported 
August 13th'' that great difficulty was experienced in 
procuring arms for the militia of Cumberland County 
ordered to Standing Stone ; that some of them had 
gone, and others were ready to go, but were delayed 
from want of camp-kettles, haversacks, and canteens. 
Dr. William Shippen, director-general, was informed 
by the Council that beside the militia at Sunbury 
tliere were two other commands in the Continental 
service that would require a supply of medicine; one, 
consisting of five hundred men, at .Standing Stone, on 
the Juniata, in Bedford County, and the other of four 

humlml and fifty men :a or i 

i.-ar i: iM.,n 

iii.striictod to pay aUfiitinn !■ 

, til,-,- tw,, 1 

same time tliat tlie <ine at Sii 

nbury \va~ - 

Diii-iM<; the latter part (jf 17 

7S and the v 

of 177II tliere were frei|Ueiit 

rumors of I 

sioMs east of the AlleL'heM^ 

,• .M,)iintain 

nmnler.s comiiiittiMl. In th 

e latter pa 

Breekenridfreaiid hisihuiL'liie 

r were killed 

by the Indians on their phml 

latinn three 

west of MeConnellstown, in 

IVnn t.e.v, 

event stniek terror amoni.' tl 

K- re-id.-nt- 

cent valh'vs, and as a re-ult 

the Frank. 

In ."\I;iv, 17.S0, r„\. .M^'Alei 

,y att,Mide,l 


e was Kreamer as many volunteers to serve seven months 

II the as would fill their companies. 

!.' Lieut. Ashman, June ath, wrote Col. Arthur I!u- 

iinlhs ehanan, at Kishacoquillas, lie had learned by e.\i> 

neiu- tliat on the morning of that day, as a party of volun- 

s,.iiie Wirt' L'oing from Bedford to Frank.stown, a band of 

Inn,'. In, Hans fell ujjon and killed thirty ; seven only of the 

alpe,l parly escaped and made their way to the garrison at 

until- Krankstown. He urges Buchanan to exert himself 

Ihis in getting men to go to Standing Stone, and to let the 

ailja- residents along the river know of the movement so 

eitle- they can join with his men on the march. The latter 
reported on the 5th that the day before Col. Brown 

uncil had marched a party to Standing Stone, and Capt. 

in per^.in an,l presented a petition i,!' liis Means led another to reinforce the post in Penn's 

asking that military relief shouhl I.,- s,iit t,. Stundin- Valley. 

Stone ValK'y. On the :iOth of the siiiu' in,,ntli. MaJ. Various traditions have heen current relative to this 

llohert (.'luggage, in writing to Col. Piper from Hunt- sortie, differing so much in details that it is preferred 

iiigdon, reports that lurking bands of Indians had to give the account oHicially transmitted by Lieut, 

been at one of the gaps of the Allegheny, and that Ashman to the [iresident of the Supreme E.xecutive 

William rhillips on' the preceding Friday ha,l seen Council. Ashman lived .some distance from the 

tw,, ln,liari> n.-ar the Three Springs, and wa- ,l,terre,l s,ene, un,l may not have heen fully informe.l as to all 

fi-,im firing on them by having a chihl with him, that occnrreil. He wr,,te, — 
wliiih he was apprehensive might fall int,i their 

, ..,,,'' -.v , , " Bedf,)rd CoiVTT. June V.M7S1. 

hands ,1 li,- h'd an encounter. He, however. ,•,,!- -Sii;,-! have tc inform you tlmt on Sunday, th. Il,ir,l „rU,is instant, 

lcrte,l s,,nie of the residents of the vieinitv and :, |,.,ily ,,f R,iij;,ts under Caiitnin RoyJ. cIkIiI in n„nil,ei-,witli twcnty- 

traecl them towards Pridmore's mill,^ hut linally lo.t "';■ ^' ■■'""<■-«' ""J-"' '"(•t. Mo„r,. an,i„t. s,„iil,. of ti,o miliiia of 

their track and ahandoneil pursuit. He expressed l!^,'!!,,!^^'!^^' MVii,,^"'i,m."'lf Fn,!!k<t J^''^^ 

men as a guard for Huntingdon, urge, 1 that the po>t s,,,,,,. „f the pa, 

in Sinking Valley should be defen,l,',l on a,'<-,imit ,,!' "^ "''l-'"'"'' ''■', 

, he resumed the i, ait, 'nan, -v > > ioii„i ■ ,~ iii.,t in- ^.,,,1-,, «,)ui,i 1,8 

• I,.,,,.. i„„„,.di,,l,|v; h„t,I.,-fo,,- I i-ould colle 

November 1^ St th," va,-aiu-T ,, ,.,.„,,,-. ,.. ,•,,, 

who then resi,le,l ,,i, th,- ■' f h 
Clay l.,wnsliip. 

■flu- (h-n.a-al A-.-mhlv, spur 
I„,rlnnili,- fnnii local ,.ih,-.-rs 

each ,,f il 

!,• ,-oimI 

1,- of N.iri 


land. We 

lainl, N,,r 


11, ami I'.v 

lionl. i 

■■or Ihe 1 


the Clin 

i.-il, ['.■li. 1 

", 17'^1, 


Boyd ca. 

ilaiii, ai 

1,1 Kirhar, 

1' .l,,l,n,. 

-1,111 lien 

]\Iar,-h 1 11 
deleriM' ,,l 

h the r. 
llie Ini 



be rai.,,1 

. onh-r,', 

1 til,' li,'i 

It, .nam 

,if Ciiml 

County I. 

■1 call ,j 

ut tw,i hi 


thereof t,i 
Be. 1 to 1,1 ( 
laii'l t,i II, 

i he imii 

1,1 tli,',',lh. 

,ar,'li,'.l 1 
'r hall' 1 

:o llie il.'l 

ties shall 


(In til,' 

.■;i.-t tiu 


directcl 1 


an,| l;,',Uo 



•rly p,,Iii'y ,if Washington in the autumu 
re-iihing in the surrender of Lord Corn- 
at "liirkt.iwn, i)et,iher 19th, revived the 



and as the joyful intelligence was carried from settle- 
ment to settlement the hold frontiersmen were stimu- 
lated to hope that the day would soon arrive when 
the bloody scalping-knife would be returned to its 
sheath never more to be removed, and that along the 
fertile valleys of the Juniata the husbandman would ; 
be permitted to pursue his toil in peace. To guard 
the r.ritish soldiers surrendered at York-town levies 
were made upon the organized militia of the neigh- 
boring States, and the Council, November 20th, or- | 
dered Capt. Boyd's company of Kangers to march to 
that place and act as guards over the prisoners, with 
instriictidiis to remain there until February 25th fol- 
lowing, and then return. The Council, Feb. 23, 1782, 
ordered Lieut. Ricliard Johnston, then at Yorktown, 
to march witli his command forthwith to Bedford, and 
there put himself under the command of the lieuten- 
ant of the county for frontier defense. During the 
balance of the year there were frequent alarms of In- 
dian incursions, some well founded and others imag- 
inative, but the military force was maintained in 
garrisoning the forts and by scouting parties. The 
number of men thus employed was sometime.s so 
great as to subject the authorities to much inconven- 
ience in keeping up a supply of provisions. On 
September 20th, Lieut. Johnston was ordered to [ 
march from Il.Mllnrd County and put himself under 
tlie ciMiniiaiiil of Maj.-Gen. Irvine, to take part in a 
contrinphitiil expedition into the Indian country. 
Washington disapproved of the movement, the plan 
was abandoned, and on the 28th, Lieut. Johnston's 
orders were countermanded. By a return made in 
November this company consisted of one captain (then 
a ]irisouer), one lieutenant, one ensign, two sergeants, 
two corporals, and forty-five privates. 

Capt. Boyd, missing after the affray of June 3, 1781, 
and suppo.sed to have been taken prisoner by the In- 
dians, on Jan. 4, 1783, asked and obtained an order on 
the provincial treasurer for thirty pounds (specie) on 
account of his pay, and two days later, on his repre- 
sentation, an order was granted in favor of Henry 
Dugan, one of his sergeants, for six pounds, who had 
just " returned from captivity among the savages." 
By the month of June the safety of the inhabitants 
of the frontiers, that had for twenty-eight years been 
frequently menaced, was now so well assured that the 
Council on the Gth ordered that the Bedford, West- 
moreland, and Washington ranging companies should 
be immediately discharged from the service of the 

Another Account of the Tory Expedition to Kit- 
tanning. — When the news of this intendeil foray broke 
upon the residents of the valley, the narrative received 
high coloring from the affrighted people, and it is dif- 
ficult at this day, after the lapse of a century, to ar- 
rive at the precise facts. The statement of Richard 
Weston, one of the participants, given above, should 
have been full and correct, but possibly through fear 
or from a desire to sliieUl himself or companiojis he 

may have withheld some important circumstances 
and become oblivious of names. From a manuscript 
entitled "An Account of some of the first settlers of 
the Juniata in Huntingdon County, collected from the 
first settlers themselves, by Samuel Caldwell,'" the fol- 
lowing statement of the expedition was compiled. 

During the time Gen. Howe, the British com- 
mander, occupied Philadelphia an association was 
formed by the Tories in this region. They thought 
the British were about to reduce the country to sub- 
jection, and supposed that by assisting the Indians 
to massacre the settlers on the Juniata they would 
be entitled to share the spoils and apportion the 
principal farms among themselves. The conspiracy 
extended from Path, through Amberson's and Tusca- 
rora Valleys, and up the Juniata into Sinking Valley. 
The chief men were McGee,- of Amberson's Valley, 
Capt. John Weston, and Lieut. Jacob Hare. 

McGee brought their men up the river into Sinking 
Valley. The place of rendezvous was on Brush 
Mountain, near LTnion Furnace, where the men ar- 
rived in small parties, generally traveling by night. 
Weston furnished provisions. After the company 
was organized, the force started to meet the expected 
Indian allies at Kittanning. Halting a short dis- 
tance from the town, the captain seated his men, and 
he, with Lieut. Hare, entered the town with a flag, 
and were received in due form. Weston, who could 
speak the language of the tribes there located, ex- 
plaining the object of the visit of the white brethren, 
said they had come to meet them as brothers in arms, 
and to lead them against their enemies on the Juni- 
ata, until they were all destroyed. The savages were 
pleased with the prospect of so many white allies, 
but, exercising that caution which is so remarkably 
developed in their character to provide against pos- 
sible treachery, they mounted a few of their warriors 
on horseback with cocked guns, and jdaeing Weston 
and Hare in the advance, proceeded to mcit the 
residue of the company and escort thmi inio the 
town. Capt. McGee and the men who rciiiaimd with 
him, instead of laying down their arms, as the Indian 
notion of military courtesy would require on such a 
mission, rose up with their guns in their hands and 
moved forward at a quick step. This movement 
alarmed the Indians, and supposing they were be- 
trayed by spies, immediately shot Weston, raised the 
war-whoop, and fled to the town. This was a recep- 
tion not looked for, and full of alarm. Hare and his 
comrades made haste to reach the Juniata. 

Jleantime information of the expedition having 
been organized and its objects leaked out througli 

1 Maj. CaliUvell was a son of Robert Caldwell, ami liis mother a daugh- 
ter or Matthew Dean, who settled on a farm now in Purler townsliip. 
His statement was prepared from information conjmnnicated Ijy Marga- 
ret Means, his aunt, Israel Cryder, his father-in-law, Kiehard.son of 
Robert Morrow, who assisted at the " cropping" of Jacob Hare, and 
other old citizens, and was committed to writing at various dates from 
1S41 to ISafi. 


the w 



Pierce. ' 
two mil. 
wrote III 
Gen. Hi 


was sdurHlc'i IVuiii house to lioLise, ami Iroiu I'ori to 
tort, ami altrr .listrihuting a sutlicient force to irarri- 
•son the frontier, a large body of seouts was 
.sent out to traverse the country along the eastern 
base of the .\l!eu:lienv Mountain, watch the gaps, and 



aped through tlieset- 
and being unknown, 
cai.tured and tal<en 

Hare fled to the lower counties. His property was 
confiscated and sold by the provincial government. 
Some time after his return from the Kittanning expe- 
dition he stopped for the night at the bouse of Na- 
thaniel Paul, in Path Valley, Franklin Co., about 
three miles from Concord. News soon spread that 
Hare w-as in the valley, and the next day a number 
of the neighbors collected, some out of curiosity, and 
others determined to avenge the murder of relatives 
or friends by the .savages or their Tory allies. Among 
the number that had assembled were Richard and 
Thomas Morrow, William McMuUen, William Kelly, 
Kdward Kelly, Thomas Askey, James Lathers, Mat- 
thew ( )riiisliy. William Darlington, and a man named 
•■Shoemaker. X'arious methods of punishment were 
pniposeil. The >evc-rity i.f some of them indicated 
the hitter tilling tliat then prevailed against any one 
clearly in the Tiiry interest. More humane counsels 
'prevaih-.l, and it was decided that he >li.uild be 
•■ cropped." .V ca-e-knife was "hacked" alon- the 
blade to resemble a saw, and with tlii- instrnment 
Darlington executed the sentence liy rawing nil' both 
of Hare's oars close to his head. He wa- then set at 
liberty, and left the .Tuniata N'alley, never to return. 

vears thereafter in Ohio or Kentucky. 

Nrael Cryder named ('apt. .John Weston, .Jr., 
i:ichar<l Weston, ("apt. Mc(;ee, of Path Valley, Peter 
<liaver. who lived at the mouth of Shaver's Creek, 
three men of the name of Potmesser ( llardnic'ssi, 
father and two sons, who lived at Huntingdon. .lames 
Bridges, who farmed the Michael Cryder land near 
that place, as some of the Kittanning party, which he 
thonglil ninni.ered about thirty. lie -tated that 
Peter Deuitt and Thomas VauL'hn were anioni;- the 



laid bef.ire the Council An-ust ISth, it was decided 
that in view of the situatimi of the county and the 
ilanger there might lie of the rescue of the traitors, a 
-p.-edy (rial of the ollenders was highly necessary. 
Accordingly. .Tcdin Armstrong, of Cumlierland, Bar- 
nniil liouglierty and James Martin, of Bedford, Ar- 
ihil.ald Met 'lean, of York, and John Hubly, of Lan- 
caster ( oiinty. were ai)|>ointed, and on the 24th com- 
mis-iont d to ■■ inquire, on the oath of good and lawful 
men ol tlie said county of Bedford, of and concerning 
the s.iiii ollenses.and to determine the same according 
to law." September 29th was the day named for 
the commission to meet, but it appears from letters of 
Mr. Doicjher'y dated April (ith, and one from Mr. 
>b('lean in Scptendier. 1779. that their duties had 
not been liiUy cxei uted. 'l"he names of the persons 
trieil or the result of the trials is not known. 


CHAPTER VI [I.— Indian Tilths— Public RoiiOs— Tlio Uiver— Turul.ikf Eoiids 
—Canal— Railroiiils. 

Indian Trails — When tlie Indian trader first pene- 
tiitel tliL \m1 N )t tht \ ille\ of the Juniata, the only 
hij;liu i\ tl iltii\u 1th irea now embraced within 
tlR uiiti I Huntin 1 ii ind Blair, were the trails 
01 I itl II 1 1\ tliL il iioines. They were mere 
' hull I III iih wide enough to admit the yas- 

si^L 111 I II 1 it-i ridti and crossed the counties 

general nortliwesteih In I .n, und the ."iiili.-st writ- 
iLii iCLOunt ot this is I nil 1 111 tlic iiiunial ol Cuiirad 
^\cl^er sent by the coloni il government in 174.S t,o 
treit with the Indians on the Ohio, as follows: 

\ ml Sot tf 1 1 my house anil came lo James Galbreath 
I loghan s 15 Miles. 

Men coming back Sick, A- 

1 the afternoon ; 

He continues to descnbe subsequent incidents of 
hi-. ] uint\ t ) I )j;stown and other points, conferences 
« ith till. lull Ills md delivery of the presents to them, 
his tuiniiij: h mew aid on the 19th of September.* 

\.t the Black Log another fork passed by the Three 
'^piings, thiou^h Sideling Hill Gap, by Raystown, 
etc., to Log.stown. Hugh Crawford* and Andrew 
Montour, April 16, 1752, Indian traders, and doubt- 
less familiar with every path in tliis region, reported 
to the provincial authorities" the distance from Phila- 
delphia to " Twightwees," on a branch of Ohio, via 
George Croghan's, " Aucliquick," Frankstown, Clear 
Fields, etc. John Harris, in his account of the road 
to Logstown, taken in 17.i4, gives the following in- 
teresting data : 

Then follow other distances and points of note to 
Logstown, — 


Logs Town bi.v-^ '""■ \'' '-I !!■ I Ihinis's Ferry. 

"Note.— John ll.ini- I. Miif he verily believed that Logs Town 

within acco' mentions, the' ruud he went having so many gi-eat Crooks." 
"Joseph SlUPrEX, Jr." 

In December, 1758, Governor Hamilton sent James 
Patten to deliver a message to the cliiefs of the Six 
Nations at Ohio, and among other instructions he was 
directed to take a particular account of the road from 
Carlisle. The concern of the provincial government 
was to ascertain if the Forks of the Oliio were within 
the limits of the province, the boundary lines of which 
had not been fully ascertained. Patten was to call at 
Mr. George Croghan's, at " Aucquick," and consult 
with him. After his return he and Andrew Montour 
constructed and presented to the Council, Mtirch 2, 
1754, a map containing " a just Description of the 
Road, as well by Computation as by the Compass," 
which they believed "to be as near the Truth as it 
could be known without actual Mensuration." The 
following tables were taken from the map : 

The Computed DMuiee nf the Itoad lirj the hiiUm Traders from Carlisle to 
.S/miionpm's Toicn. 

Trom Carlisle. 
Mi es. 

From Carlisle to Major Montour's 10 

From Montour's to Jacob I'yalt's 25 

From I'yatt's to George Croghan's, at Auniuick Obi Town... lo 

' g.ip east of Orbisoniu. 

ubsequenlly bee 
ihives, ii. p. 133. 


w Beilfo 


11 A lira 

lb of Conemangl 

' Standing 

i: After^ 
.3 Gap in 

ai .1 known as Fo 
Jack's Mountain 


IS Frank 

Blown, Blair Co. 


>>"i"'| -!iM i 1 ' Mi -: I - ,. i;_i Theri- wiTc :i number of other paths of minor im- 

Im.,1,, M , ; _ li I ■ . II , I li I .'.'.'!'.'.'.;.!.''.'..'. s |)iirt:ini-e. One extended from Frankstown to the 

k!'";;;!:.. m" ' '','nMi"'"::::::':::::::::: v> BaUl Ua-le's Nest, near Mllesburg-, centre Co. A 

j;;:;;!;;''; ' ,,,',:; .1 ■- ' '"i l; brancli ran from thi.s through Warrior's Mark, Frank- 

iV'.ii. 1;, I ^ Tm MTiir, N ''"' "'"' -^^"'■■"'^ '" '''"^ main road at Water Street, 

Fr..iii a: _ • M 1; :,;, I I, , , . - i >■ and will Ijo noted in the description of tlinse town- 

Knilll r"i'.';!M";iVMMV't'"'i/;,i ki.lilr'iinVns.^!.!.^^^ -"i -^liip-. .\nuther from Raystown to Frankstown, 

r'ru" fX^a'u'lm!u\'\'''-^h^^^^^^^^^ M '""' '""" •'^'■""'''V? StoDe to Eaystown, one from the 

Miniith ot iiuystown Branch to Raystown, one from 

■ne o>«r«, „/ (/,. l!o„.i from c.,rti>U to ,s/„n,o,,;,m'« Ton;, !•;/ o„«;m,<,.. Standing Stoiie to the Bahl Eagle's Nest. etc. 

N.ioW.smilM to Major Montour's. Fllst Public Roads.— At the January sessions, 

w.s.u . ■ji) mills to. liuoii I'.viitt'.*. ^ ^ 1772, of tlie Bedford court, on the petition of .''^aniuel 

'^.' :^| ^^.■.''".|"f^ ,'' ,'i'"'^i'i^'^.^^''.^'j,^^^^^^^^^ ■ "' '" " " Anderson' and others, inhabitants of the township 

s. 7n \v, :, iniii-3 1,. .\iic.iiiirk li.q: of " Barree," setting forth the neces.sity of a road lead- 

s. 70 «. .-,1.. inii.s to ('.,ni/,v iliuiioiir. \„„ Cpini the StttndingStoneor Hart's Log by Boquet's 

^^"001' "1 I'-.v^'i' '"i'^' "' "'' SpiiiiL' at M.('onnellstown) and up Woodcock Valley 

>-. .j;, w ,„,. ii|. II.,- ioi|.. til ihc irn-~iiio^ of Yellow Creek, and from thence to 

x. r..i \v. .. loii.-, to ii,.- si,^,»oio.-,- ciMoiiu. j,,i„ tiiy ^rretit rotid near Bloody Run, now Everett, 

n't-'w -iV'Uu.l.'u/i^iimol'-sunn^ •''"'"*- Little,= William Shirley,' Robert Friggs,* 

N. so w. 1 mii.s I., conaioiiiioriv 1 n ik. lliigli Guttcrv, Richard Long,' and Samuel Anderson 

N. low, :■' . liiii... I.. K;i. i,aii.ii;oiiio s House, Were appointed viewers. A report not being made by 

^ ''' ^^ '-■ '" '■■ ' '" '' """"" OKI Town. these viewers, on the 14th of July following, a peti- 

\v.-'.i M loiis to tion of inlitibitants of " Barree and Coleraine" town- 

N, so w r. iioi.s to .-iini,o|.|.h,vTo«i,. ships, representing that a road between the points 

tibove mentioned would be of great use to the public, 

.\ .Mr. AVfst w;is at till' same time examined liv the the court named Richard Long, Hugh Guthrey, 

('null, il, ami lucxpii— c(l his ,, pinion that the courses Samuel Thompson,* James Little, Samuel Anderson, 

ami iii>lamrs Mt .hiwii l.v .Mr. I'atten came as near to and Walter Clark^ to view the road and make rejiort 

the dull I as was pu— wit hunt actutil measurement, of their ])roceedings to the next court. This ajipoint- 

Iii ihi' Itiltrr part olAuoii-t. 17'4, Cnnrail Wi-iscr M-t meiit did imt sei tur :i report, and at October sessions 

oiitonti joiniiry 11.1111 111. nu-ti..\iiii|>ltlic the ]irisistriit inlial.itants of Barree township were 

gi.vcriiiiM'iit. ti. havr a ri.iif. rinio with M.iiii- Tmliaiis. luafil l.y tlir rutirt in another petition, when Jidin 

111 hi- juiiriial 111- Mat.- that 111- lilt .\iiiltvw .Mnm-iiii':- I'ipiT." K-inire. Richard Long, JMichael Crydcr.' 

on tli.-^^ili.lSipt.-iiil.rr. ■■ Ki.ih. -ix liniir-liefiir.-miiiii Saiiitii-1 .\ ml.-r.son, James Little, and William Shirley 

Thi- principal inad intiTi-d I liiiitiiigdi.ii ( 'i.uiity in Cryili-f w,-n- appnintcil to vi.-w. •fhc-c viewers laiil 

till- vii-iiiiiy i.f I'.lair's .Mill-.aml pa-M-dtiptlieTn.iigh i.tit a r.iad ami made return to .luly nf the 

Spriie.' I.ta'm-li i.t •fii-ean.ra Creek, l.v the •■Tn.ii;,:-h- sa,,,,- vear. One liraneh nf the road began at a 

or ■■(•., V,-' -piiiio. tlm.uoli --^ha.le Cap, leTtliwanl - li iek.'.ry stamlillg on the tmrth side of the Franks- 

aliiiig Klaek i.o-,: valley to the - lllaek l..!-.' in or i.,wii Ihaiieh of Juniata River, about a i|Marter of a 

near the gap ea-i ol ( lilii-onia ; I lirouol, ,-liii-ley-l.iirg mil,- below the mouth of Standing Stone Creek, at 

(.\uglnviek 1)1.1 Town, or Fort Shirley.: erosM-.l L. the end of Stamlin- Stone Mountain, supposed to 

thetioillieni Mileoltlie.lniiiata aliove .M,.unt Uiiio,,: l„-;,t ..r near the line which divides tlij ciumty 

cro>Mii-.luiiiata aoaiu t.i the s.,uth side at the lower of T.e.llor.l from Cumberland : and running from 

eiidor('\|.|-e" Maiiil. ill tliel.or,.ii-jli .,1 llmitiim.loii: th.-m-e n.irtli thirty-lour degrees we.-t eiglity->ix 

over the Warrior's riiL'e ami eio-iii-ln ihe north M.le peiehes to Standing Stone Creek; and thence up said 

of the river near Jlart- l.oii i A lexamiria i ; theme ereek north lifteen degrees east nineteen i)erches ; and 

vl" Water Stn-ei and Canoe valKy to Frankstowi; thence north sixty-four degrees west across the said 

and Ilolli.laysl, org; ami th, 11. -e over the Allegheny. " " 

Thesotilhern l.ram-h, leaving the main ma. I at IMack '/^, 'j'''^' [^'""'l:'""'- "'^■'[^■'" '""'-'"1'. ""'""'S''"" ^■''■ 

Log, pasM-il the ■fliree Spring- near the borough of ~ i-^ill-'j .!" h.!!!i !.!ii^.!,!io--\i,o i'.'o-ousii ..f Ciuisviilo. 

that name, ami leaviiio 1 1 unl in-^.loi, I ■..niity at Side- Mi-.-l.-l .„. l:,,v-,--u .. lin,„.-l,. 

ling Hill Cap, t..iielie,| |-;veiell ami 1 K-illi-nl. en-ing ■'■'-"''' •'-o.l T..,. M...>i.t,ii„. 

the Alleoli.-iiy a numlo-r ..f mile- -onthwest of the J Ir!:!:! ::'!:'!,:;;'':;'''!',, ,,,, „. ,„,„ .„„„n„„,„„. 


creek and along the principal street, called Alleghany 
Street, in the town of Huntingdon ninety-two perches 
to the centre of the said town, and thence the same 
course continued and along the same street, in all 
two hundred and seventy-two perches, to the point of 
the island above the Standing Stone ; thence south 
fifty-eight degrees west fourteen across the river 
Juniata," etc. Then follow the courses and distances 
to a point about one hundred perches southwest of 
ISoqiiet's Spring, where the other branch of the road 
was intersected, which began at the lower end of 
Water Street Narrows, on the northeastern side of the 
Frankstown Branch of Juniata River, and ran along j 
the same about a mile and a half, then crossed said | 
river, and passing near the house of Charles Caldwell, 
in Hart's Log Valley, and the house of Henry Lloyd 
in Woodcock Valley. The route from the intersection 
of the two branches w-as through W^oodcock Valley, 
passing near the houses of James Piper and John 
Piper, to the " great road about fifteen perches above j 
Bloody Run." Computing the measurements of the 
several lines we find the distances, according to the 
return of this road survey, from the intersection of 
Allegheny and Third Streets, in the borough of Hunt- 
ingdon, to be as follows : To Boquet's Spring at 
McConnellstown,' four miles and two hundred and 
ninety-five perches; to the crossing of Yellow Creek, 
thirty miles and two hundred and ten perches; and 
to Bloody Run, now Everett, thirty-eight miles and 
two hundred and thirty-six perches; all somewhat 
short of the actual distances. This route was ordered 
to be opened to the breadth of thirty-three feet, and 
confirmed as a public road. 

On the 12th day of July, 1773, on a petition of a 
number of the inhabitants of the county, Benjamin 
Elliot, John Ramsey, John Walker, Gaven Cluggage, 
Lawrence Swop, and James Carmichael were ap- 
pointed to view and lay out a road from the mouth of 
Aughwick Creek to the great road leading from Bed- 
ford to Baltimore. As no report was made by these 
viewers at April sessions, 1774, on petition, another 
board of viewers, consisting of James Galbraith, 
Samuel Thompson, Gaven Cluggage, Giles Stevens, 
Charles Boyle, and Samuel Daniel, was appointed to 
lay out a bridle-road. The report of these viewers 
was presented to the court at July sessions, 1774, and 
the road ordered to be opened thirty-three feet wide. 
The line began at Silver's Ford, on the Juniata River, 
about a mile above the mouth of Aughwick Creek, 
crossed the creek north of Fort Shirley, passed Robert 
Cluggage's mill, and intersected the wagon-road at 
Charles Magill's at the Burnt Cabins. Distance, ac- 
cording to the return, twenty-one miles and fifty-four 

At the October sessions, Bartholomew Davis peti- 

' This sprin 

lie snuthern side of tlie road or street in Mc( 
1, in tlie rear of tlie liousesaud below the tannery. Itrecp 
from the fact that Col. Henry Boquet had owned the adjai 

tioned for a road from his mill " to James Galbraith's, 
& from thence to Patrick Kanan, on the great road 
leading from Silver's Ford to the Burnt Cabins." 
James Galbraith, John Donough, John Ramsey, 
Robert Ramsey, James Cluggage, and Samuel Thomp- 
son were appointed viewers. 

At April sessions, 1776, on the petition of inhabi- 
tantsofBarree township, setting forth " that they labor 
under many disadvantages for want of roads to the 
Juniata, Frankstown Branch,' and to Bedford, to 
Huntingdon meeting and market, unto the saw- and 
grist-milP on the aforesaid branch, and praying the 
court to appoint men to view, and if they see cause 
to lay out one road beginning at William McLevy's, 
on Standing Stone Creek, near to the Big Ga]i that 
leads into Kishacoquillas Valley ; thence down Sha- 
ver's Creek to the mouth thereof into Frankstown 
Branch ; thence down the aforesaid branch to the 
upper end of Dr. William Smith's island ;* thence 
crossing Juniata the nearest and best way unto the 
public road to Bedford, etc. The other road begin- 
ning at the upper end of the aforesaid island where 
the first-mentioned road ends, on the northeast side of 
said branch, and from thence down said branch until 
it joins the aforesaid public road. William McLevy,* 
Alexander McCormick,* James Williams, Abraham 
Haines,' Robert Smith, and Nathaniel Jarrard' were 
appointed viewers. 

The Revolutionary troubles followed so soon after 
these proceedings, that road-making was suspended 
during that contest and for some years afterw'ards, 
and the inhabitants were constrained to content them- 
selves with the few roads, paths, or trails already 
opened. Beside the roads already mentioned, there 
was one that led from the Raystown Branch through 
Tatman's Gap and Plank Cabin Valley to Fort Little- 
ton ; one from Garard's mill, below McConnellstown, 
to the Raystown Branch. These were in use in 1787. 
A road that branched from the Hart's Log road west 
of the pulpit rocks, and led to the settlements on the 
river above Petersburg, was known in 1788 asGraffius' 
road, and one in Plank Cabin Valley was called, as 
early as 1766, " Thomson's road." A public road from 
Huntingdon to Three Springs, via Cassville, was laid 
out about 1790; from McCormick's mill to Hunting- 
don, surveyed in November of the same year ; from 
Minteer's Gap to the Warm Springs, May, 1791 ; and 
that from the Three Springs, through Hare's Valley, to 
the Juniata occupies in part the route of an ancient 

The State Road over the Allegheny Mountain, 

! In the olden time the river flowing past Ilnntingdou wa 
ankstown Bniiich down to its juuctiuu witli the Raystown 
! Cryder's Mills. 
I Cypress Island. 

i Creek, We 



—The General Assembly, .Man-h l".'. 17<;. aullmri/.-.l 
the president to appoint three ruiiinii—ion.r. to lay 
out :i State highway from the I'raiik.-town llrancli <>i' 
the river Juniata to the river UonemauL'li. Inuii nr near 
points at ivhieli these streams beeoine naviL;al>K'. < h\ 
the tith of Ai)ril. Charles Campbell, of •\Ve-tia..r.-hni<l, 
James Harris, surveyor, of CnMil.rrlan.i. aii.l S<,lom.,n 
Adams, of Redtbrd, were name.l as conimissicners. 
Their return was eonfirmed De.-inber l.sth, and the 
road or.hTe<l to br opnu-d t.i llie width nf ilttv feet. 
It, at - u bnttonwund-trr,. „n Williaie. Jlulli- 
,lay-.> land, on the bank nf the I rank-tnwn l!raneh of 
Juniata." The .li-taiir>s to pi iinipal points along 
the line were: To ih>- t<ip ul' \\,r " AUetrany" Moun- 
tain, nine miles; to a branch of ( 'niiemauijh, seven 
iidh^; to the top of Laurel Hill, ten miles; to the 
Itonnd Top. thirteen and a half nnles; to the mouth 
of lilaek Liek (.'reek, fbur miles; to tlir month of Loy- 
alhanna, eight and tlir,e-.iiiaitiT< inib<,— makiii- the 
whole distance lilty-tuo ami oiie-.|iiarter mile-. Ad- 
vertisements were oideied to be in-crted in the I'liila- 
delphia.Carlisl... and i'itt-bui-jli newspap.-r. inviting 


:,sals fo 

2r,, 1788, the proposal of Robert (ialbraitb. r.^(|.. to 
clear and make good the road between tin- ].oiiits 
nanie<!, to the breadth of fifteen feet, exoei't in plares 
where digging or bridging is neee.ssary, and there but 
twelve feet, with convenient passing-places, to be 
completed by the 1st day of January following, for 
the slim of three hundred and ninety-three pounds in 
>prrir, wa- ar.vpi.d by the Council.' Hugh Davbl-on 
and Andrew ILiidersni were received as sureties tor 
the rouipletion of the work. One-half .d' the . ■ou- 
tran pri.-e was paid in ban. 1. and llu^ balanr.- was to 
l„. oaid on th.' <-onu.lrtion of tli.- work. ( lalbraitli. 

lie- lon-rr than h 
• timr Uv nnd.Tt.H.l 
'd crrtitirates fron 

id Titns, Miehael Mi 

d w: 

■d. di 

1 that br drov ■■hi- «a-on with upward- of 
y hnn.lie.l ov.T the- .Mlrglimy .Mountain will, 
■' NotwilhstandiiiLr ih.-s.- ^talrment-. it was al- 
bv.-om,. prr-on> that Calbraith had not fully 
ji.-d uith lii-ro„,,arl.and alba- an exan.inatb.n 

accepted by the public, and it continued, until the 
construction of the turnpike, to be the chief highway 
between the valley of the Juniata and the waters of 
the Ohio. 

The Larger Streams declared Public Hig-h- 

Ways.— F>efore road- were con-tructed in this re- 
gion at public expense, the larger streams were util- 
ized as highways, and it became necessary to dedicate 
them to public use. The Assembly on the 9th of 
March, 1771, passed an act declaring a number of the 
rivers and creeks "public streams and highways for 
the purposes of navigation up and down the same ; 
and that all obstructions and impediments to the pas- 
sage of his Majesty's liege subjects up and down the 
same, erected or hereafter to be erected, shall be 
deemed, held, and adjudged common nuisances." The 
Juniata, with the branches as far up as Bedford and 
Frankstown, was embraced within the provisions of 
thi< act. Commissioners were named and authorized 
to ■' scour, enlarge, straighten and deei)en" thestreams 
mentioned in the act, and penalties prescribed for the 
erection or maintenance of any dam or other obstruc- 
tion.' By act of Feb. 5, 1794, the Little Juniata from 
its mf)uth up to the head of Logan's Narrows, and 
Standing Stone Creek from its mouth up to the mouth 
of J^aurel Run, were declared public highways for the 
)iassage of boats and rafts. Feb. 25, 179o, Benjamin 
Elliott was authorized to erect a wing-dam on the 
northeast side of the river. March 23, 1796, Thomas 
^Vhittaker was empowered to make " good and conve- 
ideiit landings on both sides of the river Juniata, op- 
posite the end of Montgomery (now Fourth) Street, 
in the town of Huntingdon, where heat present keeps 
a terry, and shall at all times hereafter maintain the 
-amc in good order and repair, fit for men, horses, and 
carriages to pass and repass."'- Robert Dean and 
.lo^iph Smith obtained legislative authority, March 
'■K 1797, for erecting a wdng-dam. John Canan was 
authorized by act. approved Feb. ID, 1799, to erect a 




.. >aid J.din Canan's mills, 
Huntingdon to the western 
Pittsburgh crosses the said 

va< near Hatfield's Juniata 

r.lso.l. to tivct a wing-dam 
•n owiumI tlK' Huntingdon 

,f.rd's land, was dc(dared a 
f Feb. I'.i, isoii; Tir-carora 
to the fork- near :\Iorrow's 
0.-, ; and tlu' Little Jiiidata, 
I'.ell-s mills, then Allcahenv 

;e-.- How Ca 
lly settled the 
he reader. Tl 



township, by act of March 26, 1808. The Aughwick 
Creek became a highway April 1, 1822, and several 
other acts relative to smaller streams were passed in 
subsequent years. 

Tlie importance of the streams as public highways 
attracted the attention of the Legislature to such an 
extent as to secure the passage, April 13, 1791, of an 
act authorizing the improvement of the larger rivers 
and cifeeks of the State. It included the Juniata 
from its mouth to Water Street, and thence to Franks- 
town, and i-'L'.'lL'ii \v;is aiipropriated. The same act 
made liberal appropriutiuns lor tlie laying out of new 
and improvement of old roads. For the road through 
Canoe Narrows and from Daniel Titus' to Poplar Run 
£300 was set apart ; for the road from Poplar Run to 
Conemaugh, £360; for a road to be laid out from 
Frankstown to Pittsburgh, £800 ; for a road through 
Jack's and Igow's Narrows, £120. The next year' 
the Legislature made some changes in the applica- 
tion of the moneys appropriated for the road over 
tlie Alleglieny Mountain, and directed that £530 shall 
be given towards improving and opening a road from 
Frankstown to Conemaugh at or near the mouth of 
Stony Creek. Six hundred pounds was appropriated 
towards improving the navigation of the Raystown 
Branch of tlie Juniata from its mouth to a point 
above Bedford. In 1792,- $400 was appropriated 
for improving the road between Lewistown and 
Huntingdon, and $500 added to former grants to 
the road from Frankstown to Pittsburgh. 

The Legislature, April 7, 1807, appropriated eight 
hundred dollars for the purpose of laying out and 
opening a road to begin at Logan's Narrows and 
extend via mouth of Anderson's Creek, in Clearfield 
I'ounty, to the State road leading to Erie. 

The numerous mountain gorges along the course of 
the Juniata presented so many difficulties in the way 
of constructing a passable artificial road, that little 
could be done w'ith the amount of money from time 
to time collected by taxation, or appropriated from 
the public treasury towards that end, and after the 
u]>per part of the valley had reached that state of 
inijirovement as to have a surplus of the products of 
agriculture or manufactures, resort was had to the 
river for reaching the eastern markets. The ark 
and the keel-boat were introduced. The first was 
constructed of hewn and sawed lumber, fastened 
together with wooden pins, built to carry freight 
down the river, and after the discharge of the cargo 
sold. It was taken apart, and the plank and timber 
used for building. The keel-boat was constructed 
somewhat like the hull of the present canal-boat, and 
after unloading its downward freight, brought back 
such commodities as the merchants and others pur- 
chased in the East. It was " pushed" up stream by 
men working with poles, a slow and slavish process. 
With the removal of some obstructions, the naviga- 

: Act of Ajjii 

tion of the Juniata to its mouth and the Susque- 
hanna to Harrisburg became to experienced rivermen 
comparatively easy and safe, but the terror of the 
boatmen was " Conewago Falls." It was reserved for 
some brave spirits of the upper Juniata to successfully 
grapple with the perils of these falls. In Appendix 
III. to the "American Museum," Part I., from Janu- 
ary to July, 1792, published by M. Carey, Philadel- 
phia, on page 32, the following account is given : " A 
Baltimore paper mentions that Mr. Kryder had ar- 
rived there from Standing Stone, on Juniata, with 
one hundred and four barrels of flour, having per- 
formed the voyage in five days. His flour passed for 
superfine, and was sold immediately at the highest 
price for cash ; the merchants presented Mr. Kryder 
with one hundred and four dollars as premium for 
the risk he ran, with his two sons, in attempting the 
navigation of the Susquehannah, heretofore thought 
to be impracticable for boats of burden." This flour 
was doubtless the product of Cryder's own mill, 
which stood on the south side of the Juniata, be- 
tween the head of Cypress Island and the Hunting- 
don Dam. For a further description of the mill and 
the Cryder family, see Porter township. 

Turnpikes. — The river could only be relied upon 
for the floating of arks and keel-boats when the water 
was at a certain stage. During the frosts of winter 
and the droughts of summer, navigation was sus- 
pended, and some other more certain means of com- 
munication between the upper Juniata region and 
the seaboard became, with increasing population and 
the growing wants of the people, necessary to be sup- 
plied. Other sections of the State, imitating the ex- 
ample of the older countries, had tested the merits of 
turnpikes, and soon the project of the construction of a 
macadamized road from Harrisburg to Pittsburgh was 
agitated. This scheme took shape in the passage of 
an act Feb. 24, 1806, appointing commissioners to 
open books and receive subscriptions of stock to the 
"Harrisburg and Pittsburgh Turnpike Road," to be 
constructed through Bedford. The act prescribed the 
conditions requisite to the issue of letters of incorpo- 
ration, as well as the rights and privileges to be en- 
joyed by the company. On the 4th of March, 1807, 
the Legislature appointed commissioners to take 
stock " for the purpose of making an artificial or 
turnpike road from Harrisburg through Lewistown 
and Huntingdon to Pittsburgh," and when a sufficient 
number of shares had been subscribed the Governor 
was authorized to i.ssue letters patent creating the 
subscribers a corporation, to be styled "The president, 
managers, and company of the Harrisburg, Lewis- 
town, Huntingdon and Pittsburgh turnpike road." 
This company was to have all the powers and privi- 
leges granted to the Harrisburg and Pittsburgh Com- 
pany by the act of Feb. 24, 1806. Among the c-oni- 
missioners named were Andrew Hendc-r-nn, I'atiirk 
Gwin, William Steel, John Canan, M'illiani Monve, 
Thomas Province, and Lazarus Lowry, nC Hunting; don 



irt< niadp 

le comiiussioiier-^ w.-rr 
iiol r.-wunliMl with siu-.'L-^. an.l on the 20tli of Mar.h. 
ISID, a -U|i|iU'iiii'iit ua- pa— cmI authorizing tiie 
])oration of tiic '• Huntingilun, Cambria and Indiana 
turni)ike road," to enjoy all the privileges conferred 
in the original act. A meeting of the citizens of the 
county favorable to the contemplated improvenu-nt 
was held at the court-house in Hunting<lon, Wed- 
nesday evening, Jan. 12, 1814, at which Col. .John 
Canan jin'^ided. and William R. Smith acted as sec- 
retary. It \v:i^ rt-iilved to memorialize the Legisla- 
ture that a pr(Pi"irtinnal part of the sum already ap- 
propriated by that body towards making the road 
from Alexandria to the crossings of the Couemaugh, 
be appropriated towards making that portion of the 
road from the side of the Allegheny to the west 
side of the Laurel Hill. The route recommended 
was to commence at John Blair's, on the east side of 
the AllcLrheiiv, tlience by the nearest and best way 
through .Minister and Ehensburg to Martin Reugcr's 

n of the mad lying between the west end of 
Sir,-.'t, ill .Vh'xandria, to the lane that led 
llavid Stewart's house to the big road, was ad- 
ed to be let on the 2oth of February foUow- 
From a report of the affairs of the company, 
in May, it appeared that its funds were as fol- 

t of MHrcli 2-1, isii 




The contract-s for the construction of the road 
amounted to S190,l.').5.80, and the tolls received up 
to the preceding March aggregated S.300(l. 

.\t the election of January. I.Sl'O, .lohn Blair was 
UL'aiii elected president, an.l J. George Mytiuger 








fonte, Ebcnsburg, and other iioints. 
May and June following. Accordii 
May 9th, books were opened in II u 
taverns of Patrick Gwin and .'^aniiul 
the week a number of citizens ni' 
scribed liberally. A suUicient auio 
ing been taken by the loth of Febn 
of incorporation were issued, ami 
effected by the election of otticers. 

election. M lav. .Ian. 4. I'^lli. Jo 

elected pn-Hdeiil, Lewi> Mytiiiger 
and David Stewart secretary. The 



elioxMi treasurer. In 1S21 these gentlemen were re- 
elrited. The friends of the imjirovemeut persevered, 
and ultimately succeeded in opening the entire line of 
ruiid from Huntingdon to Blairsville, a distance of 
seviiityseven miles. A considerable length of the line 
pa.— Ill through a rugged and sparsely-settled region, 
tiiKil.le to contribute any substantial aid, many of the 
^uiJ>l■rillers were tardy in paying iustallment-s on their 
siili-criptioiis, and the managers felt compelled to 
r.-..rt lo the issue of "scrip" to meet accruing 
debt~ lor work performeil. The above is a facsimile 

.f tie 

■ 1,S24, 182o, and lS2i3, John Blair 
•siilent, and J. George Mytinger, 
i-t-uamed year the board of niaa- 
din Patton, Joseph Pattou, John 


Stewart, Miixwell Kinkead, Thomas Jackson, John 
Cresswell, John Lyon, William R. Smith, Silas 
Moore, Moses Canan, George MulhoUan, Jr., and 
James Elliott. 

The Lewistown and Huntingdon Turnpike 
Road Company was organized and incorporated 
under the act of March 4, 1807, and constructed the 
road between those two boroughs. The Legislature, 
in an act passed March 26, 1821, making apiiropria- 
tions for the improvement of the roads ami sln-ains 
of the State, authorized the Governor li. suhs.nlir l,,r 
three hundred and forty shares of the stuck of tliis 

On the first Monday of January, 1824, the follow- 
ing officers were chosen; President, E. W. Hale; 
Treasurer, David Lusk ; Managers, A. Bratton, James 
Creswell, B. Walters, Ruel Elton, M. Norton, T. I. 
Postlethwaite, John Mavey, Jr., George Macklin, A. 
Jacobs, Elijah Davis, Jacob Jliller, and David R. 

Numerous other companies were from time to time 
autliorized to be incorporated for the purpose of con- 
structing transverse roads. The principal ones were: 

r»;-«;;(:te.— Bedford and Frankstown, April G, 1830 ; 
Brown's Mills and Alexandria, April 14, 1834; Dun- 
cansville, Newry and Leamersville, April 21, 1858; 
Glen Hope and Little Bald Eagle, Mnrrh 20, 1,S4!) ; 
Hart's Log Valley, April 4, 1863; Holiiday.l.nri; .■ind 
Bedford, April 10, 1835; Huntingdon and Ca^svillc, 
Feb. lo, ISOO; Huntingdon and Clearfichl, April 2, 
1838; Hmiliiigd.mand McAlevy's Fort, Feb. 19,1850, 
April 20, JS.Vl, and Marrl, 21, 1860; Huntingdon and 
Phillipslun-L'. -March 31, 1S:^5; Lt-wist.iwn niul 
Valley, Feb. 12, is.-.d; L..U(l.)n and Drake's Fciiy, 
April 10, ISiid; M.,rriM,nVt'(ivc, Aprd 11, 1S4X; .Mor- 
rison's Cove and Woodcock Valley, May 8, 1854; 
Mount Union, Shirleysburg and Orbisonia, April 5, 
1862; Old Fort and Spruce Creek, April 23, 1S44 ; 
Petersburg and Shaver's Creek, April 20, 1850; Peters- 
burg a)hl Kccd^viUe, April 4, 1864; Shade Gap and 
Burnt Cabins, April 20, 1853 ; Shade Gap and Jlount 




Spruce Creek and Phi Hi 

burg, March 24, 1849; Spruce Creek, April 8, 1826; 
Spruce Creek and Water Street, Aiiril 13, 1846; Ty- 
rone and Spruce Creek, April 4,1868; Water Street 
and Cleanield, .\pril 2, 1838. 

yY»»/,-/,''-,„/...— .\ltoona and Clearfield, April 11, 
1853; Bain'e Station and Alexandria, Feb. 27, 1854; 
Bell's -Mills an.l Fallen Timber, May 6, 1857; Free- 
dom and Sarah Furnace, April 15, 1853; Hollidays- 
burg and Altoona, April 5, 1852; Hollidaysburg and 
Bedford, April 26, 1850; Shade Gap, Shirleysburg 
and Juniata, April 13, 1854; Tuckahoe and Mount 
Pleasant, Feb. 20, 1852. 

Some of these were constructed, a few are yet main- 
tained, but the larger proportion remain in their 
primitive condition. 

The Canal and the Portage Railroad.— The mid- 
dle turnpike, as the several sections extending from 

Harrisburg to Pittsburgh W( 
fully completed before the c 
railroad and canal, from Pli 
was agitated. In the llinil'n 
1825, the following editorial 
"Turnpike roads bad tln' 
all agog in this and many ot 
on the subject of 
ety (at the head o 

an. 27, 



d to 


nient-. This society ha- s,.t to work ii 
to convince the ptiblic by written e-says of the ne- 
cessity and advantage of having a canal to unite the 
Eastern and Western walers on the .luniata route; 
but whether their laudable views will be seconded by 
the Legislature is very questionable." 

A convention of delegates, representing nearly all 
of the counties of the commonwealth, was held in 
Harrisburg, Aug. 4, 1825, for the ]mrpose of discus- 
sing the subject of public improvements, John Blair 
^ (Blair's Gap) and John Scott, of Alexandria, were 
I chosen to represent Huntingdon County in this as- 
j semblage. After full discussion, the convention gave 
; a decided expression of opinion that the opening of 
an entire and complete conimtinicatiou Ironi the Sus- 
quehanna to the Allegheny ami Ohio, and from the 
Allegheny to Lake Erie, is indi> n.'ci'ssary to 
maintain the character ami >lanilin;j- of lie' Si ale. and 

25, 1826, the commencenienl ol '■The I'enn-vl vaiiia 
Canal" was authorized, ami the location of a .eelion 

Juniata, and another section from Pittsburgh to the 
mouth of the Kiskindnitas, directed to be made im- 
mediately and put under contract. The next year, 
April 9th, the Legislature directed the work to be 
extended up the valley of the Juniata to a point at 
or near Lewistown, and up the valleys of the Kiski- 
minitas and Conemaugh to a point at or near Blairs- 
ville. March 24, 1828, the commissioners were in- 
structed to make an extensiim from Lewistown to 
the highest point expedient and praclicable for a 
canal on the Juniata, and from lilairsville to the 
highest point expedient and practicable lor a canal 
on the Conemaugh, and to locate by the most eligible 
route a railroad across the Allegheny Mountain, wdth 
a view of connecting the Juniata and Conemaugh 
sections of the canal. At the letting at Lewistown, 
October loth, contracts for the line in Huntingdon 
County were awarded as follows (canal in half-mile 
sections) : 

160, Cromwell, Diven & Barton. 

161, same. 

162, Thomas and James Moore. 

163, same. 

164, Bull & Buck. 

165, Bargy & Bil linger. 

166, James K. Morehead. 

167, Drum, Arnold & Clark. 


KiS, same. i basin, bearing different parties of |)leasure, accom- 

169, Robert Smith. ! panied witli enlivening strains of music. Our ears 

170, Jolin Elder. were astounded with the perpetual rattling of fire- 
172, D. Mcfiilliciiddy. arms. A splendid ball was given at the house of Mr. 
17:'., Breslin iV .Moiiml'Ikiii. i Jackson, several houses were illuminated, and scarcely 
174, .Mc.Manus i*c ISelian. anything occurred to alloy the general happiness 
17,",. j which was felt by every friend to internal improve- 
17(;. j ment. In a few days the water will be let into the 
177. other levels to test their tightness also. The coniple- 
17s, Caliooii. Mi'Farland >*i ('o. tion of the aqueducts at .lack's Xannws and Shaver's 
17'.i, ^anic. I Ford is all that is now waniiiiL' t.. have the Pennsyl- 
iMi, Smith, MuUjoUaniU*^ Co. ] vania Canal in complete •■]nialiMii from Middletown 
isi, same. I to this place." 

IN:^, Leach, Tracy t'ic Co. In the spring of IXIU the commissioners appointed 

is:;, W'clliiiati & I'.rown. < James Taggart, superintendent; Edward F. Gay, 

1S4, -aiiic. ))rincii)al engineer; and James K. Moorhead, super- 
Oii XmcinKcr I'.Uh tlie fullnwiiig contracts were visor from Newton Hamilton to Huntingdon. On 

auanlcil: Wednesday, May ISth. a boat built on Standing 

Kay-towii llraiicli lce<lcr, Uriah Wickwire. ! Stone Creek for Messrs. Hill \- Maylaml, of Hunt- 
Kaystuwii I'.raiich dam, Dearmnml, i;.,(learmcl & ingdon, was floated down that stream to its mouth, 

Co. thence down the Juniata to the Kaystown Branch 

Atighwick Falls dam, Leslie, Cook & Derno. ' feeder, through which it entered the canal and was 

Shaver's a(niedncl, Jonathan Leslie. towed up to the town. The Adi-noute of Friday, May 

Jackstown aqueduct. Bishop & McCoy. :i7th, contains the following announcement: 

Mill Creek aqueduct. Corker & Uivit. •■i>..kt or iriNTi.vaDo.v. 

Standing Stone Creek aqueduct, Beaumcjnt, Leach " onmi .inirais. 

& Tracev. •"niiii-a.i>, _i.— l-t, l!n:Ll KiiliIi,' Capt. Ueclitel, from Bonsnl * 

On the orsaiiization of the board of canal t - JJ"|;'; V'';77|7,\|y;''|; /'", ■',',','■','' 

missioncrs fbr lS2!t, .lames Clarke, of Westmoreland, ,li'|'",','N,.r,' '.i'lilni.^i,'"',,! i'vi'r-'Mi 

was appointed acting commi.ssioncr for the Juniata ".'a, i'.n;ii ■ i:.i>..v:,,- i -iii, \\:,ii,is. MercimmiiBe for Caidwi-ii & 

division, and De Witt Clinton principal engineer for ''"'i"' "' "'"■""■'-".■. -i' 'i^' \ i,.,„., i-etei-sburg; GuibmiU.s, Kit- 

tlie same. In the following November the water was ''■ '!]'" \\,,",',,.!i,'m." iia'i,-"i di't Vanmnrt in les3 than four dnys 

let into the canal lictwccll Lcwistown and Mifflin, f,,,,,, ll.aaic lum,. Fifteen tons merclmmlise, fish and plasti-r, for Dull 

ari'l the p.ackct-lmal ".Iiiiiiata" commenced running \ .MrCMy. Wi.t.r street. 

between those towns To the two dams one at the ■■ JUi ik.a • Lightfoot,' C.ipt. Dull, in less than four days from 

"^ "' Miililletnwii ; cargo, twenty tons. Merchandise, fish and plaster, for 

head of the Long Narrows and the other at North s null Ji jicCo.v. 

Island, were attached locks, each ninety feet long l "Slh. Boat 'Margaret,' Capt. McCoy, siNteen tons. Merchandise, fish 
and seventei'U feet wide within the chambers, for the i andi.laster.forMessrs.Orbison &Snyder,l''i-,inkstown;Cald«-cll iClark, 
. . (■ II 1 1 1 ' fl "'"' sl.urg; Bucher & I'orter, .Alexandria; Mr. McCahau, Hunting- 
river. I'lll^llalil lu the act of .\pril t'l. ]S:;o, the " I li,- arrival of five boats on the canal yesterday was a siglit pleasing 

haudise for Wil 
been unloaded, 

.t M. 

.lohn Milclicll, ol ('.litre, were tin' mw a].pointccs. "■' l"-i<after beiween this place and Philadelphia." 

On tif 7tli ol .liinc ihc iicu l.uani \va- m-ani/i-d i,y On the 1st day of June, a letting of the work be- 

clcclin- .Mr. .^icv.nsoM |,rc-i.iciit, and Francis K. twcni lliiiitingdoii and HnllidayMnirg was made at 

SI. link ^cc, clary. The a]q.oi„ti„cni. made inr tlie William.lmr-. I'.ctwecn luo and three thousand 

Juniata divi-i,,i, were .lames 'l'a:;-aii. Mi|Mrintcii. pcrsnii. w,-iv in atleiidaiicc, and the bids handed in 

.Iciii ; .l..i,.e. Feiv(i-,n, i.iniei|.al eii;jii,eer: William niiiiihcrcd ov,-r four thousand. The plans ,-nihraced 

W. Milclicll, -iipeni~.,r. .lame, I iiM\ell -i ee.lcd loiiiiecai ilaiiis, foi-ty-three locks, seven ,L;iianl-locks, 

the latlcr ,a l.-w llis athruaids. On I lu-iiay, ami M^vciily-thrce sections. The Torla-c mad, .11- 

tlie L'.l ..r .\, the wat.T wa. l.^l int.. ll.e l,-\,.l vide.l iiil.. tliirty-iive, was allotted t,, cii- 
al lliinlin.Li.l.iii to llie hank... 'I'll.' .f//-e,„/,- ,,|- tractm-al F.l.cii^l.iir;.- . ai ihe L'-tli ..f Mav, 
NoN..mkcr'.Mli,all.i-d,'-cnl„ngtli,'lilliie' ol'tl,.- Icv.^l, " ( lii last Satiinlav linmlivds nf .>nr citizens wit- 
says,- II, -Md 11,,^ lann.liin- of the ' James Clarke,' a new 
••On Thiir-day ami Fii.lay Htli and .".I li ) our .-il i- and \. as haii.l-nme .■anal-l.oat, into the basin at the 
zciis displaye.l the utiiH.~l hilarity on tli,' ..ccaM,,,,. w.-t .-nd ..I \\h- l,orou-h, ,,wned l,y :\re.ssrs. Williams 
A vessel was lllte.l lip, which plicl Iniin ba^n to ,V .Milhr. When ^alely launched into the basin. 


she was greeted by the hearty acclamations of those 
who witnessed the pleasing and interesting sight. 
What ! a cana/-hcint launched in the vicinity of Hunt- 
ingdon ? Had any one predicted an event of this 
kind some years back, he in all probability would 
have been yclept a toizard or set down as beside him- 
self. When the mail stage commenced running once a 
week from Philadelphia to this place our older citizens 
considered it a marvelous affair. What will they say 
now ?'" 

On the 16th the "James Clarke," having been pre- 
pared for an excursion, left its wharf at Huntingdon 
about ten o'clock a.m., with about eighty ladies and 
gentlemen and the Huntingdon Band on board, and 
proceeded to Clintonville, a shipping-point at the 
upper end of Mount Union, and returned in the even- 
ing. The Gazette says, " Among those on board we 
observed James Clarke, Esq., and lady. The canal 
banks at every lock and bridge were crowded with 
anxious spectators, who evinced their delight at the 
approach of the boat by hearty cheers and huzzas. 
The re-echo of the soul-stirring drum, shrill fife, 
melodious flute, etc., added double zest to the occa- 
sion. The sublime and romantic scenery, particu- 
larly at Drake's Ferry, is not excelled in any part of 
Pennsylvania. The imagination cannot paint any- 
thing so beautifully striking. Old nature sits there 
in fearful grandeur unmolested by the hand of time 
or art of man." 

On the 29th of July, at Hollidaysburg, a letting of 
some sections, culverts, and viaducts on the Portage ^ 
Railroad was made, and on the 5th of August, at the 
same place, contracts were awarded for canal work . 
between Huntingdon and that point. About the 1st 
of December navigation was closed by the severity 
of the weather. The novelty of canal-boating up the ' 
Juniata, was so great as to invoke the enterprise of i 
the newspajiers of this region to such an extent as to 
publish weekly lists of the arrival and departure of 
the crafts navigating the canal. 

The boating season of 1832 began early in March. 
On Monday, May 28th, a packet-boat called "Dr. 
William Lehman, of Philadelphia," named in honor 
of one of tlie early advocates of internal improve- 
ments, was ])laced in the canal at Huntingdon. This 
boat was built on Standing Stone Creek, about seven 
miles above the liurough, and was numbered thirteen 
of David Leech's line. It had a cabin at the bow for 
ladies and one at the rear for gentlemen. In the in- t 
teriucdiatr space from twenty to tliirty tons of IVeiL'ht 
could !><■ c-airieil. 'I'll.- line ciiM nl' tlu' Allr-I,rny I 
Mduritains hnil a sulfu-ient nnnilier of boats to run one i 
eacli alternate day from Huntingdon eastward. The j 
" William Lehman," loaded with freight and passen- ', 
gers, departed on the 29th for Harrisburg, the pas- I 
sengers congratulating themselves that this improved 
method of travel was a wonderful advance in the i 

, Wednesday, June 15, 1S31. 

matter of personal comfort over the jolting stage- 

The Frankstown line, the designation applied to 
the canal between Huntingdon ami 1 lollidnysliurg, 
was pushed with great cniTi;;y, nml in a little over a 
year was completed and placid in naviL'-aMi' order. 
On the 15th of November, at a meeting of the citi- 
zens of the county held at the Washington Hotel, in 
the borough of Huntingdon, for the purijose of adopt- 
ing measures expressive of their gratitication at the 
completion of the Juniata division of the canal, Wil- 
liam Orbison presided, and Robert Williams acted as 
secretary. Resolutions were adopted declaring the 
importance of the public improvements, proposing a 
public celebration, and authorizing the ap[iointment 
of a committee of arrangements to pei iiet a |>lan for 
the celebration and invite the Slate ollleials and 
others to participate. The committee consisted of 
John Henderson, M.D., Matthew McConnell, David 
R. Porter, James McCahan, William Dorris, Walter 
Clarke, and Robert Wallace, with the following as 
sistant committees: Petersljin-ff, Joseph Adams, Wil- 
liam Walker; Alexandria, John CrcsswcU, John 
Porter; Williamsburg, Thomas Jackson, Adolphus 
Patterson; Frankstown, Henry B. Smith, Martin 
Denlinger; Hollidaysburg, Christian (liirlier, Samuel 
Smith, Christian Denlinger ; Blair's (i<ip, John 

At ten o'clock a.m. on Tuesday, November 28th, 
in accordance with the adopted programme, the 
packet-boat "John Blair" left Huntingdon for Hol- 
lidaysburg, bearing the committee of arrangements, 
Mr. Taggart, superintendent of the Juniata division, 
Edward F. Gay, principal engineer, a number of 
young men attached to the engineering corps, and 
some ladies and gentlemen. Accessions to the num- 
ber were made at each town along the route. At 
Alexandria salutes were fired by the citizens and re- 
sponded to by a cannon from the boat. Williams- 
burg was reached at ten o'clock p.m. The houses 
were illuminated, and the arrival of the little vessel 
greeted with music and volleys of musketry. Here 
the passengers tarried the night. At ten o'clock on 
Wednesday the "James Clarke," towed by four 
horses, left its moorings, and, in company with es- 
corts from Frankstown and Hollidaysburg, proceeded 

At Frankstown the fleet met a cordial reception. 
Here the visitors, numbering about three hundred, 
dined, and then set out for Hollidaysburg, which 
point was reached about sunset. In the evening the 
houses were illuminated, a ball given, and a public 
meeting held. At the latter, John Scott, of Alexan- 
dria, presided, assisted by Thomas Jackson and Henry 
Beaver as vice-presidents. Samuel Royer and Joseph 
Adams acted as secretaries. Resolutions commend- 
ing the policy of the State in regard to internal 
improvements, congratulating the people on their 
progress, the contractors for the prompt and faithful 



thr Ik 


execution of their contrai/ts, ete., repnrtcil by a 
mittee consisting of Daviil R. Poiter, Joim i rr-uell, 
J. George Miles, James M. Bell, and Janic. ' <('nnn<.r, 
were unanimously adoiUed. The Huntingdon excur- 
Bionists arrived at home on Friday evening-, highly 
delighted with the trip and the hospitality extended 
them en route. Many marks of gratification of the 
inhabitants along the line were noticed. In jiassing 
the farm of Abraham Boyles, a soldier of the Revo- 
lution, he ajipeared aloiu^ nii thr bank ol' the canal, 
and gave a salute with 
turned by three cheers I 
The old gentleman made 
"This is a greater event 
Thiif had sn/nr enemies ; l/ils \r.i- none" 

The opening of thr .anal to ib.llidaysbm- luarkc.l 
the beginning of the raj'id ami suli-tantial growth 
enjoyed by that towti for twcj decades. 

James K. Moorhead, supervisor, selected, in Feb- 
ruary, 1833, the following lock-tenders for the Franks- 
town line: 

No. ],.T(.hri Dailv; 2 and :!, Alexander Lowry; 4, 
John S,..ili„aii ; .'. and i',. ( ■liri.tian (iau-t ; 7, William 
McAvoy; .s, Daui.-l ( 'loppi-r ; M, X.W.Orecn; 10 and 
11, I'hilii. Caiip; 1:^, John Miller; l:;. 1'. \V. Mat- 
thews; H and 1.-,, KolM-rt .MeCutehenii; Hi, William 
Potter; 17, Henry Kepliart : IS, M. 1'. Hinwh : I'.i, 
John Dunnellv; '.io, .laeol, Cl.aze; 21 an.l 22, John 
Hutchinsnn ; 2:: and 24, Tli.mias .Me.Millen ; 27,, .folin 
Kennedy ; 2(J, Daniel Mullen ; 27 and 28, Robert Mc- 
Farland; 29, John .\rmitage; 30 and 31, Moses F. 
Cromwell ; 32 and 33, John Martin ; 34 and 37), James 
McUonell; M. Ja.'ol, Lnngenecker; 37, James Mc- 
Cauley; 3'.i and 4ii, (ieorge McDonough ; 41, John 
Nash; 42 and IM, Truui]). 

The lollowing exhibits tlie business transacted at 
the collector's office at Huntingdon from the opening 
of tlie canal, in the spring of 1833, until the 31st day 

Kistwiinl ... 


This tonnaL 


:i.ri22,!iB:! Hm. 

J.auM c-ii-u,.ll. Iron, Luwist.iwii to Huntingdon, ai.|ii.ii,tt.d St-pl. 

J.,ni.s K M hr.ul, from lift loi'k bi'side .tugluvit-k diini 1.. lli.-liea( 

th-- 1 ii-1 ;il">vf Ilnntingdoii, appointed April 5, ls:U. 

JmImi \\ liiti.ik.-r, Jr., from IloUidaysbtirg to Aughwick dam, apiioin 

M„KC'3 .1. I lai k, Hollidaysbnrg to PGtcr<l,m-g, a|.r.oiiitpd Kcl,rua 

William Keed, from Petcitljurg to Aiighwick dam, a]ipoint.-d Febrna 

William Rpfd, from Hollldajsliurg to tlie Ea.vstoivn liranch .lam, F 

John Wliittaker, Jr., from the Itiystown Branch dam to the dam 

David Wni 111, I IN v.] ■, 1 1 t!i,; : : II Main to Ilollidaysburg; re 

P. AndeiS'Mi, ai.iK.inted Kili. J, Isl'.i; reappointed Jan. 21, IS.ii 
tan. 29, 1851. 
?s A. Cunuiiighum, appointed Jan. ;iO, 18.'>2; reappointed Jan. 1' 


ited March, 1836. 
led Fel.rnary, 1838, 

led Fehinary, 1839; reappointed February, 1840, 
•bruary, 1842, February, 1843. 
nte.l January, 1844; reappointed January, 1845, 


ipointed Ja 

(.pointed Feb. 2, 1819 ; reu|ip..inlL-.l Jan 
111. 3(1, 1852 ; reappointed Jan. IS, 1853, 

ary, 1843, February, 1844. 




dn lin 

e of the State public works were sold 
-n in an act of the Legislatiire passed„,„l.,.,.„„„v. 



n<l the P,-nnsylvani;i Itailn.a.l Com- 
he pnieluHer. .Me;intiine, the " new 





had been instructed over the Alle- 





n to av.i.l the in. -lined plane.s. Some 

the olhcers oi 



r th,. 

sale, the pui-.-lias.r removed the iron 




'..rlag... an.l the canal in 



sections from HoUidaysburg down to the Huntingdon 

The Pennsylvania Railroad.— Various projects 
for the construction of a railroad across the State 
from east to west were discussed from time to time, 
and surveys of various routes made, but no decisive 
action was tal^en until April 13, 1846, when the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad Company was incorporated by act 
of the Legislature, with an authorized capital of seven 
and one-half million dollars. Among the commis- 
sioners named for the purpose of receiving subscrip- 
tions to the stock of the company the following were 
residents of Huntingdon County : John George Miles, 
John Ker, A. P. Wilson, Edwin F. Shoenberger, Ben- 
jamin Leas, John McCahan, John Long, Brice Blair, 
Thomas E. Orbison, Edward Bell, William Williams, 
and John Porter. John Edgar Thomson was chosen 
chief engineer, and entered upon his duties iu the 
early part of 1847. On the 23d of July, a corps of 
engineers arrived at Huntingdon, and began explora- 
tions in the vicinity of the borough. On the 19th of 
May, 1848, thirty-nine sections of the road were let 
at Huntingdon. The contracts for the portions of the 
line in Huntingdon and Blair Counties let at this time 
were awarded as follows : 

Section No. 87, Thomas Dolan; No. 88, MoIlduff& 
Dougherty ; No. 89, A. & P. Martin ; No. 90, Salsburg 
&Bro.; No. 91, Saxton& Anderson; No. 92, Becker & 
Gros; No. 93, George Scott; No. 94, Charles Murray 
& Co. ; No. 95, Charles Murray & Co. ; No. 96, James 
McMahon & Sons; No. 97, White, Wolf & Co. ; No. 
98, E. & J. McGovern; No. 99, McMurtrie & Fisher; 
Np. 113, Carr & Thurlow; No. 114, George Leibrick 
& Co. ; No. 115, John McGran & Co. ; No. 116, Mc- 
Cue & Gillespie ; No. 117, W. P. Sterrett & Co. ; No. 
121, E. Sankey & Co. 

In June, 1850, the road, with a single track, was 
completed to Huntingdon. On Thursday, the 6th, 
the first locomotive arrived, and on the next day 
trains ran regularly between this point and Philadel- 
phia. The papers of the day regarded it as evidence 
of wonderful progress when the distance from Phila- 
delphia lo Cincinnati could be accomplished in three 
days and six hours. On the 17th of September, 1850, 
trains began to run ria Altoona to Duncansville, where 
connection was made with the Portage Piailroad. On 
the 10th of December, 1852, trains were run through 
from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh. The Mountain.di- 
vision of the road was not completed until Feb. 15, 
1854, when the first trains passed without using the 
inclined planes. 

The Bald Eagle Valley branch extends from the 
main line at Tyrone through Bald Eagle Valley, 
touching at Bellefonte, fifty-four miles to the Phila- 
delphia and Erie Railroad at Lock Haven. It was 
leased by the Pennsylvania Railroad Company in 
1864. The Tyrone and Clearfield branch, leased in 
1867, extends from Tyrone forty-one miles to Clear- 
field, with lateral roads extending into the Clearfield 

bituminous coal region in the valley of the Moshan- 
non Creek. The Bell's Gap ( riarrnw-i;.iii,Ljv) runs from 
Bell'sMills, or Bellwood,intollic AllrL'huiiycoal field. 
From Altoona branches run to HoUidaysburg, Wil- 
liamsburg, Morrison's Cove, and to Newry. 

The heights in feet of the principal stations on the 
main line and branches in Huntingdon and Blair 
Counties above the mean level of tlie Atlantic ocean, 
and distances in miles from Pliiladelidiia, are as fol- 

The Huntingdon and Broad Top Mountain Rail- 
road.— In January, 1847, David Blair, member of 
the House of Representatives from Huntingdon 
County, introduced a bill to incorporate "The Hun- 
tingdon and Broad Top Mountain Railroad Com- 
pany." It was passed by both houses, but vetoed by 
Governor Shunk. He objected to the large quantity 
of land, five thousand acres, which it was proposed 
to authorize the company to hold, as well as to other 
powers conferred. At the next session another bill 
was prepared, passed by both houses and approved 
by the Governor, but an organization of a company 
was not effected. On the 6th of May, 1852, another 
bill incorporating "The Huntingdon and Broad Top 
Mountain Railroad and Coal Company" received the 
approval of Governor Bigler. By August a sufficient 
amount of stock had been subscribed to warrant the 
application for letters patent. The first election for 
directors was held in the borough of Huntingdon, 
Monday, Jan. 10, 1853, when the following gentlemen 
were chosen : William Ayres (president), James Sax- 
ton, A. P. Wilson, James Entrekin, William P. Schell, 
Alexander King, John Scott, Lewis T. Watson, and 
John H. Wirtrode. The board was immediately or- 
ganized, and Jacob Miller chosen treasurer, and Sam- 
uel W. Mifflin, chief engineer. An engineering party 
was soon organized as follows: Joseph Mifflin, assist- 
ant engineer ; Peter Van Devander and J. Simpson 
Africa, levelers; John B. Johnson and George Eys- 
ter, rodmen; A. S. Ennis and George M. Houston, 
slopemen ; John Wright, back flagman ; Nathaniel 


Williams and diaries A. Ciwin, chainiiien ; George 
Westbrook and Alexander Coulter, axemen. 

On Friday, January 28tli, the survey was coui- 
Bienced and pushed without interruption. The main 
Jine from Huntinirdon to Hopewell was let on the 
2Sth of June. On Momlay. July MO, 18.35, the engine 
"Beaver'' passed over th.- road tor the distance of 
eight miles, and on the l-llh ..I' Au^'ust trains com- 
menced to make regular tri]i< daily as far south as to 
Marklesburg station. By the close of the year the 
line was opened to the bridge at Stonerstown, and in 
February following the first coal was carried by rail 
to Huntingdon. During the summer, the line was 
opened to Hopewell, and soon after to Mount Dallas, 
a distance of forty-five miles. Branches called SIuuip's 
Run, Six-Mile Run, and Sandy Run extend eastward 
into the Broad Top coal region. The cost of the road 
and equipment was $4,41 2,1()3. 23. The nuiid)cr oltous 
of coal carried in 1881 was 518,42U; pig metal, 23,223 
tons; iron and other ores, 48,904 tons. At Mount Dal- 
las connection is made with the Bedford and Bridge- 
port Railroad, leased to and operated by the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad Company, and trains are run daily 
direct between Huntingdon and Cumberland. Md. 
The present officers of the company are : President, 
B. Andrews Knight; Secretary, J. P. Donaldson; 
General Superiutendeiit, George F. Cage. 

The East Broad Top Railroad.— Simultaneous 
with the movements lnoking towards the construction 
of a railroad from Huntingdon to reach the western 
side of the Broad Toji coal field, efforts were made 
to organize companies to build a road from Mapleton 
or Mount Union to the ea-teni side. Jleetings were 
held at .several points in tli.' sciuiheastern part of 
Huntingdon County to awaken the citizens to the 
importance of the project. The result was the grant- 
ing of a charter, March 24, 1848, for the formation of 
the "Drake's Ferry and Broad Top Railroad Com- 
pany," but subsequent efforts to organize the company 

The East Br.,ad Top Kaih-oad an.i Coal Company 
was organized under an a«i api.rov.d A|.ril lil. 1 s.ld. 
The work of con^trurlion was eomnieiieed on the 
16th of Septemhrr. 1^72, and the road opened for 
business tli Orliisonia, a <lisiance of eleven nules from 
its northern terminus, .M.miit T'nion Station, on the 
Pennsylvania Itaihoa.l, on the :;(iih of August, 187;;, 
and to Robertsdal,., the southnn teniiiim^, on the 
4th of November. I s74. Th.. len-lli of the main line 
is thirty un\,->: -aiiL-e. llirer feet, Tli.- cost of the 
road wa^sIMI !l-.s- ,l„.eo-i of , I,, equipment was 
$li;:;,77ii.2o. d'lir oHi.vr, arr: I'reMdenl, William A. 
Ingham; Vice-l-rrMdr,,!, IMuard Roberts, Jr. ; Sec- 
retary and TreaMirer, W, P.. .Jacobs: Chief Engineer, 
General Manager, and Cciieral Superintendent, A. 
W. .<iins. During ls,sl, 143,449 tons of bituminous 
Coal, 19,117 tons of pig metal, and 25,219 tons of iron 
and otlh-r ores were carried over the road. 



Sideling Hill tuunel.. 

The altituile of some of the mountains above ocean 
'vel is as follows : 

Jii.k's, 13:5 

i;..uiid kil 


miles uorth of AToun 




) " ' !!!^!!!!!!!!!!!!!!^ 


'' ''"'"'"!!!Z. 2412 


iii„i,t ',','.'',,[ '..^'_'' 






i:akly settlemi:xts— x.-i.ME.'^ of the noNEER."^. 

Tin: first settlements within the limits of Hunt- 
ingdon County were doubtless those made by the per- 
sons wdiose cabins were burned by order of Secretary 
Peters in the suinmer of 1750, near the village of 
Burnt Cabins, and probably extending northeastward 
therefrom along the Tuscarora Valley. These were 
unwarranted intrusions upon unpurchased lands, and 
tlie scjuatters therefore acquired no title. Andrew 
Moiiiour having earnestly and repeatedly applied for 
prniii>sion to live in some of the plantations over the 
nine Hills, Governor Hamilton, by the advice of the 
( 'oiineil. on the 18tli of April, 1752, issued a commis- 
sion to him, reciting the fact that many persons had 
gone and were continually going over the Ivittatinny 
-Mountains to settle, jiotuiihstandiiig the repeated 
procdainations against .-udi |. radices, and that he had 
represented that he could be serviceable alike to the 
government and the Si.K Nations in keeping people 
from settling on the unpurchased lands, in consider- 
ation of which, license and authority was given him 



to reside in sucli place over the mountains, found to 1 
be central and convenient for the purpose named. 
Montour settled on the north side of Sherman's Creek, 
on the Elliott farm. Perry County. His name is per- i 
petuated in the designation Montour's Run.' 

George Crogh.-ix. — George Croglian, a conspicu- 
ous character in provincial times, an Irishman by 
birth, was licensed in 1744 as an Indian trader. In 
1748 he purchased land, and became a resident of 1 
Cumberland County. In 1750, as one of the ni:ii,'is- 
trates of that county, he accompaiiii'd SciTctary 
Peters in his visits to the trespassers, and, as appears 
by a letter of his dated June 10, 1751, he yet resided 
southeast of the Kittatinny Mountain. Soon there- 
after, possibly under authority similar to that granted 
to Andrew Montour, he took up his residence at I 
" Aucquick," now Shirleysburg, for it is found in the 
proceedings of a conference held by the commis- 
sioners appointed on behalf of the provincial authori- 
ties, with representatives of the Six Nations and other 
tribes at Carlisle, in October, 1753, tliat the Indians ' 
proposed that any presents intended tor them should 
be sent to "George Croghan's house at Juniata." In 
the instructions of the Governor to James Patten, 
• who was sent in December of that year on a journey 
to the Ohio, he was directed to call " at George 
Croghan's at Aucquick" and consult with him. 

The strife between the English and French for the 
possession of the Ohio Valley was reaching a crisis 
which would be settled only by the arbitrament of 
the sword. The latter, sweeping down from their 
Canadian colonies, were enlisting the sympathies and 
services of the Indians on the frontiers and alien- 
ating their support from their English rivals. As 
early as 1749, Capt. Celeron, commanding a detach- 
ment sent by the Captain-General of Canada to take 
possession of the lands along the Ohio and its 
branches, deposited at Venango, Forks of the Ohio, 
and Kanawha, leaden plates as monuments of the 
" renewal" of their claim to dominion over the region 
drained by those streams. Col. George Washington 
was sent by the Governor of Virginia with a small 
military force to occupy the Forks of tln' (Miin. but 
before reaching his destination was attacked at Fort 
Necessity, by a body of French and Indians much 
superior in numbers, and compelled, on tlie 4th day of 
July, 1753, to surrender his defenses and retrace his 
steps nvri- the Alh'ghenies. 

Sum.' Indian- liiendly to the English interests im- 
mediately moved eastward towards the settlements. 
Croghan writes to Lieutenant-Governor Hamilton 
from "Aucquick Old Town, Aug. 16, 1754," that 
"The Half-King Scarrooyady and several other In- 
dians, with their wives and families, have been here 
since Col. Washington was defeated, and about twelve 
days ago come here the young Shawanese king from 
the lower Shawanese town, and several more with 

him, and Delaware Or,,rL;e and several other Dela- 
wares came Ihtc Iroiii the Fniirh Inrl." Coinci- 
ding with the vi.'ws .,r hi- Indi.iii L'ue-ts, ( ni-han sug- 
gested that the govcrnineiit ii]U>t move quickly and 
vigorously or the < )hii) lands wmild he lost. A confer- 
ence was proposed tn be held at his place in ten days. 
His letter was laid brloiv ih.^ Couiu-il <,n Thursday, 
August 22(1, and it was then dnidrd tliat Conrad 
Weiser should be inmirdiatcly sent with some money 
and a letter of instruction to Aughwick. He set out 
from home on the 27th of August, and r(>ached liis 
destination on the 3d of September. In the account 
of his transactions, he stated that Croghan had had 
between twenty-five and thirty acres of the best In- 
dian corn he ever saw, and c(}unted above twenty 
caliins about his house, and in thorn at least two hun- 
dred Indians, men, women, and rliihlic n, and that a 
great many more were scatttred therualiDuts, some 
two or three miles off. The extent of the cleared and 
cultivated land and the number of cabins, indicates 
that Croghan had been a resident there for a consid- 
erable time. Beginning with the moniin- of tlu- 4th, 
the conference occupieil several days, Wriscr leaving 
on the morning of the 8th. There wire present In- 
dians of the Seneca, Oneida, Cayuga, and Mohawk 
tribes of the Six Nations, and some Hejaware-- and 
Shawanese. Croghan complained to tlie government 
of the great expense that he was subjerled to in pro- 
visioning his Indian guests, and stated, .Vngust :;oth, 
that they had already almost destroyed thirty acres 
of corn. Under date of May 1, 1755, he writes 
Governor Morris from " Aucquick" that, pursuant to 
his instructions, he will set out the next day witli all 
the Indians, except tlie women and children, to join 
Gen. Braddock. It appears that some of the women 
and children accompanied him, on joining Brad- 
dock the general refused iieriiiission ibr them to ac- 
company the army. Croghan then proposed that 
they should go nearer the settlements, but they de- 
clined, saying that they had fixed on Aughwick for 
their residence until the war was over, and as many 
women and children were there planting, they were 
determined to return. Croghan, in a letter dated at 
Fort Cumberland, May 20th, says there will be about 
one hundred and twenty women and children left 
behind, and suggests that if provisions are purchased 
and sent to his house, his brother would deliver 
rations to them daily. After the defeat of Braddock, 
July 9th, Croghan returned home, and notwithstand- 
ing he learned from an Indian from Ohio a rumor 
that the French and their allies would make a de- 
scent upon the frontiers during the coming winter, 
and who advised him to leave Aughwick, he com- 
menced the erection of a stockade fort, and by the 9th 
of October had it nearly completed. In this move- 
ment he was acting out the suggestion made by Sec- 
retary Peters in December previous. On 12tli of No- 
vember he had .about forty men with him, but in 
view of the aiiprehended apfjroach of hostile Indians, 



he was fearful lie couM noi iiiinnt.iiri |".~si->»i.iii I.ihl'. 
The fort was contiminii-ly i.irupii.l, hi.w.vrr, until 
some time in the sprini: nl IT'iii. iluriiiL; wliirh time 
it was strengthened by direction of the |ir.>vineial 
authorities and christened Fort Shirley. !)iniiii; his 
career as a trader among the Indians, he wa-^ sn lib- 
eral in his dealings and so jirofuse in his presents to 
the natives, that with the losses sustained by the 
French, who seized and appropriated great quantities 
of his goods, he became embarrassed financially, and 
in view of his services to the government, the As- 
sembly, Dec. 3, 1755, passed a law exempting him 
from arrest for debt for ten years. It does not appear 
that he resided at Auglnvick or F'ort Shirley after the 
summer of 17515, but still claimed the land. A survey 
without a formal warrant, but by the consent and di- 
rection of the proprietaries, was made by Samuel 
Finley for Croghan on the 14th of October, 17G2, of 
a tract containing four hundred and twenty-four 
acres, called "Old Town," "situated on Aughwick 
Creek, where Fort Shirley stood." This tract be- 
came the property of James Folay, to whom it was 
patented Oct. 19, 1773. He, with Mary, his wife, 
Jan. 2i), 1776, conveyed it to Paul Warner, of Mary- 
land. Croghan owned numerous other tracts on the 
Aughwick, at Shade Gap, Huntingdon, Alexandria, 
and other places. (See map.) 

Peter Sheayer was licensed as an Indian trader 
in 1744. He settled upon the west side of Shaver's 
Creek, near its junction with the Juniata, at a date not 
known. The warrant was taken out for the land by 
Samuel Anderson, Nov. 9, 1784, and it was certified, 
on the oaths of Thomas Mitchell, Oliver Walliss, and 
John Walker, that the improvement was made in 
1754. The creek received its name from Sheaver, 
who, it is said, was niiiniered some time liefore 17(i'>. 
(See Logan township, i 

In 1744, L.\z.u:i s am. .F.\mi;s L.iwky were li- 
ceuse<l us Indian trader^. The fir^t land wairaiit 
issued for the upper part of the Juniata \'alli'y in the 
purchase- ,,r 17.'.4 wa- -ranted FcU. :;, 17.".".. t,'. .lames 
Lnwry, >uppn>,.d to lie one ..f the aliove-iiamed traders, 
fur three hundred acn-s, - inclndin.i: a meadow (j.i the 
Si-rin- r.r.mi-lie-. the .,ld Indian tnwn .,f the ,<l,aw- 
anesc and Delawaivs .■alled Krank-tnwn, on the 
Cranches ,,f .Inniala." .\ >nrvey ,.f tlire,- hundred 
and ninely-llnve ami three-!,.urth~ acres, niade.lnnc 
I.-., 17(;.-.,\ patented .March -s, 17S:;, and called 
"Frank-town," and described as .itmitcd at the old 
Indian b.wn n( the .-^hawaiicM' and Dclawar.s called 
Frank^tMwn. 'flic warrantee conviycd to .lames 
Lowry, the patentee, by deed dated .\pril l-'., 17.-.7. 
Thcacvpledlraditiun i.thal the name ..f tli i- Icealil v 

the same. In 1770 and 1771 it i> ciiarged to James 
and Daniel Lowry's heirs. 

On the same day that James Lowry's warrant was 
granted, five others were issued for lands in the same 
region, to wit: James Rankin, three hundred acres 
adjoining Lowry, and including " an Indian cabin 
called the Little Hunting Cabin ;" Alexander Lowry, 
three hundred acres, upon which a survey of two hun- 
dred and fifty-seven and one-half acres was made, 
called the "Canoe Place;" Samuel Smitii, three hun- 
dred acres; Edward Johnston, one hundred acres, in- 
cluding the " Sleeping-Place at the Big Spring at 
Frankstown Hill;" and James Sterrat, four hundred 
acres. Alexander Lowry's warrant was executed ou 
two hundred and fifty-seven and onedialf acres at 
and below the mouth of Canoe Creek. 

John Hart, who began to trade with the Indians 
under his license of 1744, had a feeding or lodging 
place at Alexandria, and " Hart's Log" Valley per- 
petuates his name. He did not purchase any lands 
nor efi'ect any permanent settlement. The warrant 
for the land was granted Feb. 3, 1755, to James Ster- 
rat, for four hundred acres, " including the bottom at 
the Sleeping-Place called John Hart's Log, on the 
waters of Juniata." Further details about the settle- 
ments on this and adjacent lands will be given under 
the head of Porter township. 

On May 26, 1755, John McDowell applied for three 
hundred acres " at a place called the Burnt Cabbins, 
at Aucquick ;" and William Maxwell for three hun- 
dred acres, "including Falkner's and William and 
Thomas Thompson's improvements at Aucquick," 
and two hundred acres at a place called the " Three 
Sjirings, on the Rays Town Road at Aucquick." 
Warrants were not granted on these applications, but 
the descriptions serve to identify localities. The 
Kalkner here mentioned is doubtle^> the I'eter Fal- 
coner described in Secretary Peters' report of his 
visit in 1750. .Maxwell lived near the Burnt Cabins. 





p then incliuled all of tlie area of Huntingdon County 
i.itaunJ eii5t of Sideling Hill, also a considerable part of 
Tlie valuation is omitted. Abl.reTiatious; a., acres; 
ws ; cl., cleared. Those taxed with horses or cows can 
lents. The others were generally non-re.sideuts.] 

uel Wharton, residents of Philadelphia al 

rid ill the valley of the Juniala. 

) on Aughwick Creek, near Meadow Ga 


Calvert, Thonms, and Steel, Rpv., 200 ,i. 

McMurtrie, David, Liltle Ilell, 100 a. 

CampMe, Francis, Esq , 150 a , 10 c. 

Morris, William, Little Hell, 200 a.'o 

Clnirletc.n,Samnel,200ii., 10 c. 

Owens, David. 1 1,., 1 c. 

Daj ly, Jaines.l ;iO0 a , 20 a. cl., 2 h , 1 c. 

Patrick, I'.ter. 1 1,. 

Davenport, Jusiali, 100 a. 

Ralph, 1 i-ol ,I;,.ii.,,-l"ii a. Three Springs." 

Elliot, Beiijaniin, 100 a. patented, 3 a. cl. 

Hick.-t. /i. iiri.,-. l-.i ;, Little Hell. 

Elliot, Rol.ert, 1.50 a., 4 a. cl. 

Smith, \\,l\,„u. 1,. I, '■ 

Elliot, James, 100 8., 6 a. cl. 

Trent, c.i'i Uilli.tii. l-".la. 

Elliot,Jolin, 100 a., 4 a cl. 

Watsoti, Itohert, 1 1,. 

Hener.v, Georges .3011 a., 3 a. cl. 

Watson, Jiimes, 400 a., 1 h., 1 c. 

Ilarh, i.lKe, Georffc, 160 a., 6 a. cl., 1 h. 

Watson, Samuel, 1 h. 

Holt, IIenr.v, l.'.O a., 1 c. 

WalliiiK, Thomas, 50 a., 7 a. cl,, 1 li., 1 c. 

Hunter, .lames, 200 a. patented. 

Wanl, Maj. Edward, sundry surveys. 2900 ». 

Harvey, Robert, l.iO a., 4 a. cl. 

War.ler, Jer-miah, IGOO a., IS a. cl., 1400 on Augl.wick. 

Hunter, Jauies, 2iio a patented, near Black Log 

200 a 


ed, Augh- 

Wallace, William & Co., and Caleb Jones, 1000 a., Cluggage's Valley. 

Lukens, Jolni, lOsq., surveyor-general at Great Meadows, near Aughwick, I 


James Cluggage, George Cluggage, Robert Watson, James Watson, 
Joseph Justice, Thomas Jones, Robert Kelsey, James Bennot, Sam- 

Tlie list for 1770 contain.^ names that do not appear 
on those for the preceding years, as follows : 

Thompsuu, Capt. William, 300 a., 4 a. cl., near the Great Meadows. 

In the list for 17(59 the following names occur that 
were not on the assessment of the previous year : 

Armstrong, .Tohn. Esq ,' 1000 a., 12 a. cl 
Ale.\ander, ilimdle. Path Valley, 200 a., 3 a. cl. 
AriMstniog, George, Col , COO a., some improved. 

James Cluggage, Robert Cluggage," George Cluggage, Robert Calloy, 
William Everet, Robert McKnight, William McCall, Robert Mal- 
comson, James Watson, Samuel Watson. 

Bedford County was erected from Cumberland by 
the act of March 9, 1771, and Dublin township was in- 
cluded therein. Bef(*e the new county was organized 
the assessment for that year was made, and as many 
new names and changes occur it is presented entire : 

ng, 301 

, Path Valley, 100 a 

of the Black Log Gap. The 

< Valb-y." 

uck Mills, now Shirley town- 

Carmichael, John, Little Hell, 200 a 

I Black Log Valley. 

■ Run, Shirley township. 

('ill. .J. dill .-\rmstiong and Richard 
Mill cli»liirt,if Cumberland County, 
Ml, I, lid Inciited many of the surveys 
I Coiiiilies from 17t>2 to 1767. Some 

I poll which a part of Mount Union is built. 

i[ I A ,n li the borough of Three Springs is located. 

1 Ml JIcGarvey farm and some adjoining lands, 

I- j.ij. \\:is afterwards a justice of the peace, and a mili- 

Hevoliiti.inary times. 

Lin Aughwick at and including the mouth of Black Log 

the junction of Black Log and Shade Creeks, Cromwell 


Carmklm<-1, .1: 


s, i;.n 1 



111,, r 

a. c 

ClLfKaXf, V.,:, 



Dol.u,l,.v, .I.,l„ 


li., 1 <■ 

Diivis, l!.iith..l 


■W, -111 


Doj lo. I>;ivi.l, 


u., 4 li 

cl., Jo» 



4 a 

Eliut, Ht'iijanii 


Ull a., 




. r. ii. 


3U0 a. ill W.KiJcMck VuIIl- 

It. on Tliree ripiiiiss Uun. 
oak Valley, 
ittl.-ton, 300 a. on Augliwick, ailjoiuing 

Kore. Jacob, 100 a., 10, -i 

Henry, Willi 
Holt, Hem y, 

, 4(iOa at the 

,,, .-I . ..u Shaver's rr.-ek. 

Wondcmk Valley ; 40 a. Totman's Island.' 

r, 100 a. on Frankstoivn Branch. 

i.lock Valley. 

'.,!.;; 1 l,(K)(l a. on Sinkhole Valley ;' 


iVilli.iMi, ca[it , :;iin a. ailj. Starn-t; I'nm a. .adj Duflicld. I'anoe 

& Co., COO a. adj. Gamble, up Frankstown Creek ; 5000 a. east 
ich of .luniilta ;-- 15110 a., and 0000 a. recovered of Mr. Elli.'t, east 
icli of the waters of Juniata,23 surveyed by Robert McKinuy; 
1 a. adj. ('apt. Brady. 
\Iaj. Edward, 300 a. Ward's Cain ; 150U a. Ti.iiigh Creek, Ju- 


Iroiii tlie Cumberland Valley, and settled in Woodcock 
r McConnellstoivn. He sold his land tlierc, and moved 
ne (Huntingdon), where his son, Gen. Hugh Brady, was 
^e afterwards removed to Northtiiuherhind County. 

south side of Jnniatjj, above Alexandria, now Porter 

ulhoon, Ja 
•town, Jan 

n," lived on the side of the 
! mouth of Coffee Run. From 
of "Tatman'stlap," in Terrace 


1 the Barree list for 1769 the following additional 

names appear : 

Allisun, Piitrick & Co., 1000 a 
Allison, Rev. Pi-., 2li0ii.3 

Allison, John, 'JOU. I. 
AiiJerson,Siiiunfl, inoa., Si 
Agiiew, John, 150 a.s 
Bond, Phin«is,-.iOOii. 
BoggB, Andrew 600 a. 
Beaver, Williiun, 3:10 a. 
Bradj-, John 


Brady, SaiiumI, 1 house and lot, I h., I c. 

Brady & Henderson, 2000 a. back of Tussey Mo 

Clark & Peters, 1000 a. 

Cox, Dr. John, 600 a. 

Chew, BeiijiiMiin, Esq., 500 a.« 

Conts, Benjamin, 201) a. 

Caldwell, Kohert.' I.iO a., 10 a. rl ,?,no a., 2 h., 2 , 

Carnahan, .lohn, 1 hoM-s,. an^i l..l.L'h,lc. 

Cani|iMe Cleary, Jn ;i . .^i !i. .1 . J h , 1 c. 

,,,,2 h., 2C.13 

Murlrey, Da\id, 300 a.-- 

Melchar, , 400 a. 

Mould, Anthony, 50 a.23 
McBride, James, 150 a. 
McGaw, David,100a. 
Moore, Zehnlon, 100 a., ; 
Nllson, William, Mo a.» 



, 3 sheep.2 

PoltiH'.v. 1 I )i, 1 "' .i . Branch of Bald Eagle. 

Kippey, \\illi.,iii,:;iju,i.-- 

Bobeits, Joseph, 300 a., i a, cl.,2 h., 2 c.29 

Shea, John, 600 a. 

Shirley, William, 20 a., 13 a. cl,, 2 h., 1 c." 

Saunders, Benjamin, 250 a , 10 a, cl., 4 h., 2 c.^i 

Troy, Michael, GOO a. 

Thompson, Suranel, 150 a., 12 a. cl.,2 h., 2 c.32 

Wallace, John, deceased, lOOO a. 

Wallace, William, 000 a. 

Wolf, George, 200 a. 

Wetherton, William, 100 a. 

Weston, John, Sr., 150 a., 8 a. cl.^" 

Jacks.m.G ge 

Johnston, W.llia 
Kidd, Benjamin, 

i.wnship, Beilford Co: 

Mordecai Go 

nel, William Risle, John Parker, John Mont 


John Long, and Anthony White. 


nal names are ibiind in the list f 

foUow.s : 

Anderson, Si 

muel, 1(10 a., 20 a. cl., 25 a, 2 a. cl., 3 h., 5 c. 

Anderson, Daniel, lOO a. 

Bowers, John, 2 h., 2 c. 

Boquet, Col., l:iOO a. 

Beckbough, Jacob, lOU a., 3 a. cl., 1 h. 

Caswell, llolielt, 1S4 a » 

Hutchison, George. :!Oii a. Shaver's Creek 

Heather, George, TO a. 

Leauiy, Daniel, 2 h., 1 c. 

Little, James, 3 h., 2 c. 

Mclll-M>-i. Willi. iii'i--' 

, 50 a 

(in.- sniilliwc^l sidr iif tile Little Juniata, opposite Barree 

11 the bend of Riiystouii Branch, at the Southend of Haun'i 

(., b ,x.. Iiir.l I. ai ],. , I -A ,u I, ,,t -la, v,.r'3 Creek. 

nl I i^iib li ..II r :,. I I 1.1 . . ii . ■. il ..VL. JacUstown, 

Hi,lLiii. Thr .la i„i a ■ 1^ .- Mill, '■•■ I wliicli the turn- 

letween Jackstowu and Biidgepurt, ua., derived from this 

Raystown Branch. 
Riystuvii Branch. 
...iiic.f II Id laud titles -'Frederick, the Dutchman," lived 

..filia II, tiiiiisons of Mill Creek. He is supposed to have 

111 la Ii win farm in Union township, 

Ill,, mouth of Hare's Valley, and resided there. 

I. h.. became a Tory, and his land was confiscated 

)He owned the "Old Town tract" at Frankstown. 

I Little Valley, Penn township, 

= Shaver's Creek Valley. 

' Raystowii Branch. 

«Lu,.d on Raystowu Branch. 

5 Supposed to be " Nelson," Shaver's Creek Valley. 

'At the Falling Spring and other places in Standing Stone Valley. 

; Pi idmnro owned and lived on the Mill Creek tract, Brady township, 

1 bnilt lb.- first mill there about 1770 or 1771. 

■Ill, l: ,\-i.i\Mi r.raiii Ii, Lincoln township. 

'-Mill l,.,i-i,.«ii l;i, Penn township. 

iLiv.l 111 I' ah 1 reck valley, near CassviUe. "Shirley's Knob" 

i|.i^ I . Ill . a r.ianch, Lincoln township. 

= 1. I II lirm, Juniata township, Huntingdon Co. 

.M,i> : a I: HI ., II ih.iuch, above the moutli of the Kippling Run, 

I Shaver's Creek Valley. 
> Probably intended for S 
■■ Lived on Riiystown lirii 


Shoaf, Uustoii, ITiO ;i,, 1( 
Tealiurn, IMiilip. 100 a. 
Wills..!!, William, 100 r 

J..|.n Sl.iiv.i, .iMhii I-,!l,.., 

Kfllj,J..l,ii K.lly, .■<.,l,.ni.. 

A.l.litinnal names ai 


Bl.vtlii', lioiijaii.iii, JiBJa. 

Bosliai', S.<i!!iid, :'.00 n., 6 a. cl., 

Beljoiit,.)acoli,M0a.,5a. cl, 1 

Bowers, .luhn, anil Jati!e8 Littlo 

taiy Iract,' ■> li., 2 c. to Bon 

Beech, W.iMorcil, 100 a-, 2 a cl 

Chestnut, William, 700 a. 

Cross, G.rilelins, .".0 a , 2 a. cl., 1 

Clark, Walt..r,«l()Oa.,, 2 

China, Robert. 

Croghan, George, 200 a. adjoin 

Philil) Stoiier. 

runlop,Jan!e3, lllOa. 

riower, James, 60 a., 3 a. cl., 1 

Denneston, James, mill-carpent 

Heather, George, 200 a., 10 a. el 

Hartsock, Peter, 2 li., 2 c. 

Hicks, Lewis, 400 a., a. cl., 1 1 

Igo, Peter,; 1 h., 2 c. 

Kleygar, Anlh.ii!y, 40a.,2a cl 

Leaoe, Daniel, renter, 1 h., 1 e. 

Lukeiis, John, Esq.,360a.atth 

LOW.-.V, James, and Daniel's liei 


Mo..!-, Levy,* 100 .1., Oil. rl., 2 h 

II.!gh Guthrie, Jarol, 



100 a. 

^.W.(i-ini.; Freemen. 

Joseph China, 


\s Beebout. 


e act 

erecting Bedford Coun 



9, 1771) 

fi.xerl the J 


a River as the line 

from a poi 

nt below 


tun H 


on up to Shaver'.^ 


reek, lit 

nee that 


(if th 

3 ter 

itory now embrat 


in Hii 



ty wl 


lies north of tlie 


ver an. 

east of 


er's C 


remained in Barr 



p, Cum- 


M.l C< 

., un 

il anne.\ed to Be.lf.i 

.1 by th 

• aet.s of 


and 1 


The assessment ( 


his ihiu 





by the ('uniberl: 



ities, for 


wa.s a 

s foil 

jws : 

Maclay, S.uuuel, lliO a. bought of William P.itt.-rson, on 

McKnight, John, deceaseil, estate, three :iOO-a. tract.s, 

McKnight, William, 2.W a. on Shaver's Creek. 
Mcl.eavey, William, 300 a. 
McKnight, Al.'xan.lei-, 1.50 a. 

VOOOa.oli the Wani,.r'» Slark; 

cross.l!gof Frankstown Brand. ;12 l;joo a. at the Gl. 
Oulery, David, 20 a., 2 a. cl., 1 h., I c. 
Patterson, James, ISO a. opposite the moi!th of the Juni. 
Poage, James, ISO a. upper crossin- of ^r,lnU^town Brai 

Prigni.iro, J.)seph,n 160 a., 5 a. cl., 1 gnst-inill, 2 li., 3 c. 
Pettieoiit, Doisi.y. 

II. .pew. II l,,^v,l^l,ip. 

2 Shaver's Cie.-k V.iUey. 

»So|..mori l.'.)rsliey, who lesi.led in : 

family Finshey's O.ip, in TeriMco .'Monii 
< One of the linililers of the mill at tl 
» The Manor of Halt's Log. l>„rter tt 
•Lived on the waters of nig T,ongh 

., 111., a. on Juniata River.=3 
.1 , .1 a cl. on Juniata River.! 

. Whitaker lauds, Hart's Log 'Valley, Porter township, 
tiino oil Standing Stone Creek. The Itickolses were 
>me resided in Hill, Spruce Creek, and Warrior's Murk 

ved i 

"The old Phmiiiaii farm. 

== Peter Van Pevander, Virginia, settled upon t 
Brady township, and there reareil a large family. An 
Pet..r, Abraham, I.-.aa.-, Jac.l., and Danghtei 



land t.. tli^ i.lacB ,,r tlm wiU.t 

The following is copied from a niaiuiscript diury of 
Rev. Philip Fitliiaii, who left his home at Greenwich, 
N. J., May 9, 1775, for a tour through Delaware, Mary- 
land, and Pennsvlvania, and at a Preshvterv held at 
West Conocochca-Mc < 'liurch ( near Mcrccrsburg, Pa. I 
was comniis>i(iniMl to vi>it ('(•ntr:d Pennsylvania a^ a 
supplytothc^cattcrt■(l rrcsliytcrian Cliurclics. ( )n his 
return from Kisliacoquilhis Valley he passed through 
the territory of Huntingdon County.' 

Under date Monday, Aug. 21, 177."), he draws near 
the town of Huntingdon, and the diary continues, — 

•■nsitily siifl to the nioutli, and tliose 

1 e.Rh ,1 

cast I slioiild 

esiape no 

Letter myself, Uefore I arrived w 



tuwn I l.iitoii my surto 

It and cocked up my hat in the best 



tranger,' e 

Jid a.tall youngster to me as I pu 

rst f.».t 

n tlie porch. 


- iMLstler here 

?• I asked 


...1 from Lelo 

V, strange 


'■■, g ill lllOSilddl 


let thehorse coul before you give 


pall.. 11. 

f f.als ' 


|i|..| Mlli 

p.-ring about me on the porch. Some' 

Miii-h; 1 

■■>. IS 

■ .1. 1. ■Jilt. 

s appointed to the treaty with the 


.111- ui.i 

.■ h.-lil 111 

• Pitt. Some thought I was a 1 


l.lier, s.. 

lu- Unit I will. 

a t.ruken, 

absconded mercbaut, eoiue that 1 


Tu,y flj 

ng from km 

hstkk vengeance. I supped, however, and 


, Au{jitst 22d.~\ spent the i 

ir of Canada withal 
' Warm Springs,' foi 

bubbles in a piece of land which is al^iiost level. Tliere is 
uit of a few feet from the highest part uf tlie neighboring 

1 by Hon. John Blair Linn, of Bellefonte., useful friend,- 



las, gave 

lu asu 

ill nea 


k horse of 

lour years 

old and a 

half fori 

ly old con 



" Havi 


I left ti 

u n in 


.y with M 


and roilt 

down the river, a stony pa 

h, thro 

ack's Narr 

the liigl 

8 on eacl 

side of the w 

ter c 

me down 

t.i Its very 

bank, so 

that in pi 

ces we we 

e fore. 

i to go 


on llie wi 

lei's e.b.e 

We cms 

ed over t 

le water. 

This i 

one e 

d of Hell Valb-x 

■ said Air. 


tu me, as 

we were , 



u site 

Mce, about 

ten miles 

onward i 

1 a gap W 

tween Uie 

bills w 

lich is 


the Shade 

of Death. 


rvoniiig at Mr. Fowlej's, « ho lives within 

.'. Dislnnci; fr.mi town twenty niih-s. 

-I had alnxist forgotten to tell the person 




tuins; from ' 
: along the V 

.n, and, with all hU army, gone off. This in my 

//*. — The weather is wet and very muggy. All 
' back settlements are remarkaldy strong, fresli, 
en only one, the young man in Xorthninherland, 
any kind of fever. With Mr. Clngaue, I r.ide 
■ to the Shades of Death to fish. Ofwick f'reek 


Ijy Mrs. Clngage's pathetic i 
a eompaiiy of ritiemeu to 

" Sufiibitj, Anijust 

Amon(; the early enactments of tlie (ieneral As- 
seiiihly under the Constitution of 1770, was one " <le- 
claring what shall be treason, and what other crimes 
and practices against the state shall be misprision of 
treason," passed Feb. 11, 1777. In each county there 
were inhabitants who still adhered to the crown and 
directly or covertly assisted the enemies of American 
independence. That the line between friend and foe 
might be distinctly drawn, the General Assembly, by 
act passed June 13th of the year named, required all 
the white male inhabitants of the State to take and 
subscribe an oath renouncing all allegiance to George 
the Third, king of Great Britain, and pledging them- 
selves to be faithful and liear true allegiance to the 
commonwealth as a free and independent State. The 
justices before whom the oaths were made and sub- 
scribed, were required to keep registers of them, and 
to transmit annually a list of the names of the per- 
sons sworn to the recorder of deeds of the proper 
county, who was enjoined to record the same. The 
justices were also required to give a certificate to 
cvtry person who had taken the prescribed oatii. On 
the opposite page is a copy of a certificate transcribed 
fri>iij the original. 

Tlie (Jcneral Assembly, by act i>asscd Marcli C, 
1778, after naming a number of prominent citizens of 
the commonwealth as having "most traitorously and 
wickedly, and contrary to the allegiance they owe to 
the said" State, joined and a.lhcrcd to, and'still do 
adlicri' to, :,ii,l kiinwiii-ly and williii.oly aid and assist 
the army olthr kin;; ol ( inat Mritain." and command- 
ing them to appear Inr thiir trial lor such treason on or 

ami attainted of hij-'h tn-:i>on, niithorizcd the Supreme 
Executive Couinil to coniiDaiHl, \>y public i>roclama- 
tion, all persons, sul jiit> or inlialiitants of the State, 
or tliose owning real estate tlicnin, aiding or assisting 
the .■ncinics of this State or of the I'nitcd States, to 
nnilcr tlnni<clves on or before a day ti> be named, to tliiir trial for treason, or alter that day to stand 
and lie attainted of high tivasnn, an.l suircr'suc-h pen- 
allies and forfeitures^ a, person, attainted of liigh 

■lamation ot the CoihkiI i^-n.-.l (),t. od, 
.' others, John Caniplieli, William Canip- 
Little, Edward Gibbons, and James De- 
inberson's Valley; Andrew Smith and 
m, of the township of Lack ; Joseph King 
II Wright, of Path Valley: Doniinick Mc- 
oliii .<iilhveli, of the lown-liip of Tusca- 
Ihr county of Cunilierland: Richard 
till- township of Frankstown, and .lacob 
lael Hare, and Samuel Barrow, of the 
I r.arrre and county of I'lcdrord, with 
r cliarged with having adhered to and 


knowingly and willingly aided and assisted the ene- 
mies of this State and of the United States, by having 
joined their armies within this State, and were re- 
quired to render themselves for trial on or before the 
15th day of December following, or thereafter suffer 
the penalties and forfeitures prescribed by law. 

In Council, May 29, 1778, agents for the confiscated 
estates were appointed for the several counties and 
instructions to them adopted. Those for Bedford 
County were Robert Galbraith, Thomas I'rie. ami 
John Piper. On the 29th day of January, l7SI,.l,,hii 
Canan and Gideon Richey were apiMiinti-il, and cm 
the 15th day of November in the same year, Michael 
Cryder was named in the room of Mr. Canan. By 
proclamation of the 20th day of March of this year, 
"Henry Gordon, now or late a military officer in the 
British service, now or late of the township of Ken- 
nett," in the county of Chester, was commanded to 

one hundred and seventy pounds." "Thf 
(June 11, 1782), recurring to the pnichmialid 
March the twentieth, 1781, on wiiii-h the ai 
Harry Gordon and the seizure nf saiil Irart n 
said to be founded, observes tliat lliiiiv<l 
there called upon to render hiinsclf ami a 

lute tlie property of Harry (inrduii, weie unaii 

i>f land is void and of none effect." 

In ail act passed the 31st day of Januar 
al'ler reciting the misnomer, provided that i 
Gordon shouM not r.Mider himself fur trial •< 
fore the 24th day of .Inly then next en-^uin-. 
seizure and sale ulreaily maile sh.iuld he ei> 
Gordon did not appear, and on the lM day ol 
deeds were executed by the Council to .lame 
for the two tracts for the consideration named. ' 

', 1783,' 


I DO hereby certify, That 

hath voluntarily taken and fitbfcribed the Oath 
or Affirmation of Allegiance and Fidelity, as di- 
reBed by an Acl of General Affembly of Penn- 
fylvania, paffed the ijth day of fane, A.D. 
1777. Witnefs my hand and feal, the i^th day : 
of October A.D. 1777. : 



Printed by JOHN DUNLAP. 

render himself on or before the first day of November 

Messrs. Richey and Cryder, after giving due juiblic 
notice, sold at tlie court-house in Bedford, on the ISth 
day of April, 1782, a tract of land containing alioiit 
three hundred acres, situated in Hopewell townshiii, 
" a little above Jack's Narrows, the late property of 
Jacob Hare," to .A[icliael Huffiiagle, Esq., " for and 
in trust for James R. Reed, a major, and Capt. Sam- 
uel Brady, for the sum of six hundred and fifty 
." They also made return of the sale of a 
tract in Frankstown township, "containing about 
eighteen iiundred acres, divided into two tracts, the 
one, containing about fourteen hundred and ninety- 
five acres, sold'to James W Is, of the eounty of Cum- 

the other, containing three liumlred and twenty-five 
acres, sold to the said James Woods for the sum of 


'd posses- 

and the persons holding und 
sion until 1805. 

Seven hundred and fifty acres of the larger tract 
had become vested in the devi.sees of Adam HoUiday; 
lour hundred and sixty-two and three-fourths acres 
had become vested in David Hayfield Conyngham, of 
Philadel|)hia, the possession of the remainder not 
having been obtained by him, and the smaller tract 
of three hundred and twenty-five acres became the 
property of Daniel Martin. These persons were by 
judgment of the Circuit Court of the United States, 
rendered at April sessions, 180.5, evicted from the 
parcels mentioned, by Harry Gordon, an heir-at-law 
of the attainted Harry, on the ground of his misno- 
mer in the early proceedings of the Council. 


The Legislature, at tlie sessinn of isiii,-;,' appro- 
priated ten tliousand six Imndri-il and twentv-ix dol- 
lars to Conyii^diam and the exrrutor- of Jlolliihix . to 
be apporlioiK-d hy Daviil Struart, Andrew Hender- 
son, and .l.iha Caiiaii, according to the value of the 
lands at the time ol' llolliday's purchase, and one 
thousand two linndnd doUars to Martin as eoni|.on- 
sali.ui lor his eviction Iroin tlie three hundred and 

M..niil;,ii,, «li.,r- th.. n.a 

1 f..niierlv called Potts' road crosses thes. 

:il.-ut tnc. miles liortlluf 

-iltlelori ; thence t.y a sIraiKlit line to Ilio 

(i,,l', H'Siili-lii.KlIill. wl. 

re Sidelins Hill Creek crosses ti.e mount 

lh.„..- in a Blnii-lit till.- 

l.y the northerly side of .Sebastian Sho 

11. Ul. .,!■ tli(! Kaysl.nv,, I 

ranrl, nf ,;,l i : theme en a flraijibl t. 

Elk Gals in Tukwv's M 

■-tun. . ^11,1 11.-. 1 I.. Ill- al.i.iit nineteen I 

above or soiuhwest.r h - I 

n„ t >n .1 lluolin-.inn.lformerlycalle. 

Slan.IinKStoiic, a.M li.., 

Cm. 1.11. 0,|,, ,:, :, sl,,,i-lil 1 i I,-, to llo' -i 

Hare's real estate consisted of four adjoining tracts 
of land, situated on the south side of the Juniata 
River, including the borough of Mapleton, and ex- 
tending therefrom up the river and up Hare's Valley. 
These tracts, containing over four hundred acres, were 
confirmed to Frances Reed by patents issued in June, 


Stanmuxi: ••^to 
don, on the Jnni 
in !i few years : 
Settlements wen 
adjacent valleys. 
Bedford Conntv 

•ards known as Hunting- 
the traders' road, became 
considerable importance. 

ong the river and in the 

under C(jnsideralio 

i,..n th 

c I'.ithof^^ i 

opposed bv ilcs^r 

. Whit 

liill, of runilierlan.l, 

Findhy, ofWoin 


, an.l l.y .M 
'aiian lof Bedford |, ai 
.•.1 in an eflbrt to hav 

Clvnier. Mr. f.n. 

lav lai 

mea.Mire po>l| c 

, an.l .. 

1 a test vote, reacheil 

dav, it was |i:i--e 

1 l.v a 

.lechled majority. I 

peared in the di-c 

11,-1. Ill, 

that twelve 

fiftv of the inlial.i 

till' pro|...s.Ml new .■. 

prayed for it, e,e 

■ti..ii, a 

1.1 ,ixty-niiie re,ii.,ii,t 

against it. On tl 

.■ 11. 'Xt 

.lay, .-^ept.^ L'lUh 

bill was c.nnpate. 

an.l 1 

nallv enacted. \ pa 

the text of the ImI 

11. .ws: 

■■Sfic.l. ItV,cr«..<, II 1, 

,1 ,.„, 

1 ,,,..,1 ,„ ,1„, 0,.„..ral A. 

of this 8tate. l.y Uo^ 

l..T..ri;s . 

11. il |i,ic ..f l;,-.ll,inl .',.... ilv 

lies on the waters ottl.o 


.. 11., .1.1 1, ..1 .I.1III..I,,, 11... 1 ,u 


■■ ""•■-l-""'"'^ S' V..I1..V, 

from the counties of Nortliumberlaud, Cumberland and Fmnklin, to tlie 
I.l..ce of beginning." 

The town of Huntingdon, on the river Juniata, was 
fixe. 1 upon as the seat of justice the new c.ninty, 
and Benjamin Elliott, Thomas Duncan Smith, Ludwig 
Sell, George Ashman, and William McElevy^ ap- 
pointed trustees, who, or any three of whom, were 
authorized to take assurance and conveyance of and 
for the land and grounds proposed to be appropriated 
in said town for the site of a court-house and jail. 
Courts were to be held on tiie first Tucs.hiy in the 
months of December, March, June, an.l Si'plember. 
The voters of the county were atithorize.l to choose 
one representative to siave in the General Assembly. 

It h. •comes a matter of s.iine interest at this dtiy, 
nearly a century aft. a' the ].assage . if the bill to create 
tlii> new county, the eighteenth of the commonwetilth, 
t.i ti.jte the views thereon expressed by contempora- 
n.'..iis writers. In The Pci,iifi//vfui;a Packd and Daibj 
Adr,;iis,r. a lea. ling jiaper of Philadelphia, in the 
i--u.' .if .-^eiit. lil, 17>^7, under the hea ;ing, "General 
.\ssenibly, Wednesday, Sept. IPth," the measure wag 
thus treated: 

"Tl.. l.illf.irerertingpartof inl..a n.-w c .ty, which 

ShipiLMisburg to 

A. tof loll, til, 1S07. 

■ Henderson and Riclnr.l ; 




<?/^^^../.L. .... .,^ ,,:^ ojmiJtui^ 



*'Tlie friends of the bill observed that it had origiuated in the first 
aessioiiB of this house, and if it has been at all disagreeable to the citi- 
zens who were to be affected by it, counter petitions would certainly have 
been presented. But,in truth, it was a measure highly favoured by the 
people, and would be equally advantageous to the State at large and to 
the particular district comprised within the proposed boundaries, — to the 
State, by ira|)roving our internal commerce and facilitating our trade 

with the western coitntriei 
obliged to travel eighty 

curred by the State upon 
gendered by the Conetitiii 
and conveniences of the ci 

1 the prs 


old I 

of the Fox 

iBhed,as Dr. Smith presented a lot of ground for the scite of a court-house 
and gaol, and the greater part of the money necessary to erect these build- 
ings would be furnished by a voluntary subscription. 

" The question being put, the bill was taken up by paragraphs, and, 
after a few amendments in describing the boundaries of the new county, 
called Huntingdon, it was ordered to be engrossed." 

Early Election Districts.— At the time of the 
separation tioni Bedford County, the territory of 
Huntingdon was embraced in three districts, to wit : 
the third, fifth, and sixth. The fifth and sixth were 
divided in tlie formation of the new county, but the 
voting-place for each fell within its limits. 

The fourth district was formed in 1794, and con- 
sisted of the townships of Woodberry and Franks- 
town and that part of Allegheny township that lies 
west of the Widow Edingtou's. The elections were 
to be held at the store-house of Alexander McDowell, 
in Frankstown township.' The third district was to 
comprise Franklin, Tyrone, and Morris townships 
and that part of Allegheny that lies east of the 
Widow Edington's, and the elections were to be held 
at the house of Capt. Alexander Ramsey, in Franklin 
township.'^ The fifth and sixth districts were formed 
in 1797.' The former embraced Woodberry and 
Morris townships, and the place of elections fixed at 
the house of Robert Smith, in Williamsburg ; the 
latter included all the territory of the county lying 
between Sideling Hill and Tussey's Mountain and 
south of the following bounds, to wit: from the 
path on the summit of said mountain leading from 
Hartsock's fort, by a straight line to and including 
John Freate's house ; thence by a straight line to 
Forshey's Gap in Terrace Mountain ; thence northward 
along the summit of said mountain to the wagon- 
road leading from Little Trough Creek to Huntingdon ; 
thence by a straight line, so as to include the inhab- 
itants of Little Trough Creek, to the summit of 
Sideling Hill. Isaac Crura's house, on the Raystown 
Branch, was appointed as the place for holding 

Barree and West townships in 1798^ were made the 
seventh di-strict, and the elections directed to be 
held at the house of William Murray. That portion 

1 Changed in 1799 to th< 

! Act of Sept. 22, 1794. 
3 Act of March 21,1797. 

! of Frederick Crii 

of Morris townsliip lying northr 
Tavern Kiiii was taken fiom the lilth tiiid added to 
the tliird district. The ei-htii distrii'l. fiirined in 
1799,Mvas to consist of Shirley t..wns]iip and that 
part of Springfield lying west <il' tlic Black Lug 
Mountain. John Palmer's house in Sliirlryslmi-L'' was 
named as the votiiiir-|ilace. lliiMin ti>rtii-liip and 
the remaining part of S|iriiii;lirld was (iHrcnticr to 
form the second district, and tltf rinlit of siillhiiic was 
to be exercised at the house of ( if(ii'i;;c lltidsim. The 
ninth district, ei-ected in ISOO," ronsisiid of lliat jiart 
of the township of Allegheny lyiriL' west of the sum- 
mit of the Allegheny M<miit:iiii. ('.irueliii- -Mf( Jiiiie's 
house was named as the voliiiLi-placi'. At llicsatne 
time that portion of tlie sixth ilistrict lying north. 'tist- 
ward of the following lines, to wit: Beginning in 
Forshey's Gap in Terrace Mountain, thence by a 
straight line to the mouth of Little Trough ('reek ; 
thence up Big Trough Creek to I'liilip ('iirfinaii's 
saw-mill ; thence by a straight line to ilir liin' oi' the 
eighth district so as to include the house of .loshna 
Chilcoat, Jr., was added to the first disliict, ttnd the 
elections ordered to be held in the cotirt-housc in the 
borough of Huntingdon. A part of West towtiship 
was also added to the first district, lieinu Ih.' purt 
lying south and west of the following bonuil-, to wit: 
beginning at Tussey's Mountain opposite the head of 
Nelson's Run, thence down said run to Shaver's 
Creek ; thence up said creek to the road leading from 
McCormick's mill to the borough of Huntingdon ; 
thence along said road to the line of Huntingdon 

Court-Houses. — The first courts of the county 
were held in the public-house of Ludwig Sell, a long 
two-story log house that stood on the northern side 
of Allegheny Street, on lot No. 7, west of the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad freight station. The property after- 
wards passed into the possession of Abraham Haines, 
and the lot is now owned by Thomas Fisher. It is 
probable that after the completion of the jail and 
temporary court-house on Second Street, the sessions 
of the court were held there until the building was 
burned. The first permanent structure for the ac- 
commodation of the courts and county officers, a sub- 
stantial brick edifice, was built on Third Street, south 
of Penn, fronting northward. Third, then called 
Smith Street, was originally ninety feet wide. To 
afford a sufficient passage-way at each end of the 
structure, seven feet was taken from the lots adjoining 
Third Street, making the entire width one hundred 
and four feet, and leaving the passage-ways about 
j thirty feet each. A yard in the rear, extending 
I towards Allegheny Street, was set with trees and in- 
1 closed by a fence. A hall ran half-way through the 
! basement story from an entrance on the southern 
side. From this hallway a door led to the ofiice of 
the register and recorder on the east, and one to the 

Act of June IS, 1799. 

of lli-v 



office of the protlionotiiry on the west si.le. The 
court-room occupied the whole of the second story, 
and was reached by a flight of a (h)zen or more steps 
from the Penn Street side. Tlie " bench" was formed 
by a wooden annex supported by two stout wooden 
pillars, one standing on each side of the hallway 
leadinf: to the offices on the lower story. Aliniit une- 
luilf of the floor area was fenced off for thr .urwnniin- 
dation of the judges, lawyers, jurors, and suitors. In 
the space allotted to the bar were semicircular tables, 
useil lately in the prothonotary'sand recorder's offices. 
The room was heated by two immense si.x-plate stoves, 
cast at the Bedford Furnace at Orbisonia. These were 
long enough to easily admit a four-foot stick of wood. 
At the western side of the door a flight of stairs run- 
ning westward reached the third story. On the 
southern side of the hallway were three jnry-rooms; 
on the north side and at the end of the hallway were 
two rciiims occupied by the county commissioners. 
The l.uililiiig was surmounted with a dome, in the 
ceilinj;' of which was placed the bell used in calling 
the court- and othir assemblages in the house below, 
and it wa^ niiii; hy means of a rope attached to a 
lever on tiie bell-shaft. This bell weighed two hun- 
drcil and lil'ly-four pounds, and bore the following 
inscription: "Cast by Samuel Parker, Phila., 1798. 
William .^luith, D.D., to the Borough of Huntingdon, 
Jniiiata."' After the completion of a new court- 
house in 1S4J the old building fell into the possession 
of the borough aiithi.ritie-, who iicrmitteil it to be 
u.sed for religion- and puldic niectiiiL;- until it was 
demolished in May, 1S4S, when the street it so long 
obstructed was again ojiened to its full width. 

By 1S39, the population and wealth of the county 
had so increased as to justify the erection of a new 
building better proportioned to the business of the 
courts and the necessities of the public offices. A 
location on Penn Street near Fifth was projjosed, 
but the county authorities finally decided to locate 
upon a plot two hundred feet siiuare, being lots :;i, 
.3:i,;;:;, an, 1 lU. extending from Penn to Washington 
.Strrct, ra-t u[ Third Streel. 

.lohn I'adwalladcr, an early s,.itler an.l prominent 
meiidn-rof the bar, owned and iv-ide.l on the la>t 
three lots. Stephen Drury, a eloik and mathematical 
instrument maker, owned lot No. .'.1. i »n the ilth of 
Au-nst, V.r.'., in the days .,f tl,,. State Inan-olUce. 
Cadwalhulcr executed a inortLia-r to tbi' coinmis- 

vealth on his lots for th 
he :nst of the same mon 
nortgage for oni' linndre 

e Leg- 

year, transferring the " lien, right, title, and claim of 
the commonwealth of, in, and to" the lots, under the 
mortgages to the "county of Huntingdon, for the use 
and piir])ose of building by said county of a court- 
house and other necessary buildings for the said 
county, therewith and thereon, and for such other 
uses as the commissioners of said county shall here- 
after determine." A writ of scire facias had been 
i.ssned on the Cadwallader mortgage in 1810, and 
judgment obtained, which had been revived at vari- 
ous times before the transfer to the county. It was 
again revived in 1839, wdien the debt amounted to 
one thousand nine hundred and forty-three dollars 
and twenty-five cents. The lots were then sold at 
sheriffs sale, and bought by the county commis- 
sioners for one thousand dollars. A scire facias was 
issued on the Drury mortgage in the same year, and 

I judgment obtained for three hundred and twenty-five 

I dollars and fifty cents, on which the lot was sold, and 
bought by the commissioner.s.- A court-house was 

[ erected upon the<e lots, the front line being in the 
rear of the Cadwallader man-ion, whiili wa- used by 
the carpenters during (he progr.-- oi tlie new build- 
ing as a work-shop. The old well, from which water 
has been drawn for more than fourscore years, is yet 
in use. This building, two stories in height, com- 

I pleted and occupied in August, 1842, was constructed 
in the shape of a T, and Ijad a court-room and offices 
for the prolhonotary and register and recorder 
(ill the lower floor, the offices being in the wings. 
The commissioner's office was on the second floor, 
immediately over the recorder's office, and the grand 
jury room over the prothonotary's office. Other 
rooms on the second floor were appropriated to the 
use of the treasurer, sherifl', county surveyor, and 
traverse juries. James and Robert Stitt were the 
contractors. Jlostof the bricks used in the construc- 
tion of the building were made and burned on the 

The snbject of enlarging and modernizing the 
court-house and providing greater security for the 
county records had been discussed for several years, 
and several times was included in the recommenda- 
tiniis of the grand inquest. At November sessions, 
1 ssl, on a petition presented to the court and referred 
to the grand jury, the following presentment was 
made : 

" Tlie < J rand Inquest of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, inqniring 
fur the ci)nnt,v of HniitingUon, upon their r,'spectivo oatiis anj ntlirma- 
ti.ins, il.i iiiesent: Tliat the building now used as a tuuit-house is >lcli. 

suitors. wilMHssi'S, jnr.vnien, and the rublic, and is poorly lighted and 


, the 

" •''■■ 'II "i' •■- "I th.- i'lutliunotary and Register and Recorder, and 

"4th. Tlie offices of the Sheriff, Treasurer, and Commissioners are not 
IMOperly arranged for the use of the officers and the putdic. 



":>tti. Witiiess-ii.uins, jiii-y-rooms, and convenient out-buildings ai-e 

" It is lielievfil. in viaw of the above facts, and to secure the speedy 
and projier adniiiiistratiin of justice and tlie preservation of the public 
records, that such changes, by repair, enlargement, and building of ad- 
ditions, be made as may be deemed necessary to relieve the above-stated 
objections, and they do so recommend. 

" D. Cl.ARKSON, Foreman." 

This report .was indorsed by the grand jury at 
January sessions, 1882, and concurred in by the 
court. Of the several plans submitted, the commis- 
sioners adopted one prepared by M. E. Beebe, of 
Buffalo, N. Y. At the letting six bids were received, 
ranging from $71,300 to 193,140.50. The contract was 
awarded to Henry Snare &Co. at the first-mentioned 
sum. Temporary quarters for the public offices were 
provided in the Morrison House, northeast corner of 
Third and Allegheny Streets, in the month of June, 
and the work of removing the old building com- 
menced. At present writing (November 24tli) tlie 
brick-work of the new court-house has been carried 
iilmiist to the top of the second story. 

County Buildings.— The Jails.— The act erecting 
Huntingdon ('(juiity authorized the commissioners to 
raise by taxation a sum of money not r.xccriliiig il'oii 
($533.33), to be put into the hands ol the inwlics 
named in the law, for the purpose of lniiMiiii; iind 
tiiiisliiiig :i court-house and jail. This sum. loLrclher 
with about £200 more, chiefly suhsciilM.d l,y the 
inhabitants of the town, making an aggregate sum 
of .S10()(!.()G, was expended by the trustees in build- 
ing a substantial house as a permanent jail, with 
provision for a temporary court-house over the 
same. It was erected on lot No. 41, donated for 
the purpose liy William Smith, D.D., located on the 
eastern sidi' ol Second Street, being the ground now 
occupieil liy the eastern extension of Penn Street. 
Bef ire it was iully completed, it took fire and was 
destroyed. A prisoner, confined therein, was with 
some difficulty rescued from the flames. The trustees 
representing to the General Assembly that they were 
under tlie necessity of contracting a considerable debt 
for ereeiiiiL: a new stone jail, capable of further en- 
largement as occasion may require, by an act passed 
April l',», 17!I4, the Governor was authorized to loan 
to the trustees the sum of £800 ($21.33.33) for that 
purpose, and the commissioners were empowered and 
required to levy and collect by taxation a sufficient 
amount annualiy so as to repay the loan and interest 
in seven yearly installments. The act of March 9, 
17'.)(i, authorized tlie commissioners to levy the further 
sum of fijtio ($li;00) for "erecting and completing 
the public building.s." 

A second prison, constructed of stone, was erected 
in Third Street, near the southern line of Church 
Street. This building served its purpose for over thirty 
years. Some years thereafter, the erection of a new 
and third jail was agitated, and the centre of Third 
at the northern line of Mifflin was preferred by the 
county authorities as a site, by reason of its being in 

full view of the court-house, which then .stood in the 
same street below Penn, fronting northward. Al- 
though some kind of consent had been obtained from 
the citizens of the borough for the occupancy of a 
part of the public street by the old structure, the 
commissioners were unwilling to commence the erec- 
tion of a new building on the ground proposed, with- 
out the formal approval of the citizens and authorities 
of the borough, and accordingly presented their re- 
quest to the Burgesses and Town Council. At a meet- 
ing of that body held Feb. 20, 1827, it was " moved 
by Mr. Miles, seconded by Mr, MeCalian, that a com- 
mittee be appointed to imiiiire into the ex|iedieiiry of 
granting the privilege tothceoumv e(iijiiiiis-,i(iiiers of 
buildingajail on Smith f now Third i Sheet. Wliere- 
upon, .Messrs. .laekson, \-aiitries, and Wliiltaker were 
[ appoint, 'd lor that purpo-e, and make report at next 
mccliii-." At thi' next meetiii-, he|,| .Marel, :;, 1.S27, 
the.'onnnittee re|M,rted tlial the eilizen. h.-id almost 
unanimously testified their ap|.rol,ation of granting 
the desired privilege, as is proved by a paper signed 
by the said citizens and filed with the report, and pre- 
sented the following resolution: 

" l:>'^''!r,,l, ]!y tlie Biiigesses and Town ConiiLil^iiii], Ihiit tlie 

I "ii-Miit ;iinl ii[iitioliatii)ii uf the said Burgessos :iinl 'I'l.wii ('umnil are 

InT.'l.y -iv.'ii to tlie saiil commissioners to builil :i rnmily j.iil at the 

I place and on the ground above described, so far as the corporation is 

concerned or is enabled to do by the powers vested in them." 

} The petition bears the names of eighty-eight citi- 


1838, AND 187.3. 

Congress having by resolution adopted on the 
15th of May, 1776, recommended to the Assemblies 
and Conventions of the several United Colonies where 
no government sufficient for the exigencies of their 
affairs had been established, to adopt 'such govern- 
ment as should, in the opinion of the representatives 
of the people, best conduce to the happiness and 
safety of their constituents in particular, and America 
in general, the Committee of Safety of the city and 
liberties of Philadelphia issued a circular letter to 
the people of the several counties, inclosing a copy 
of the resolution, and requesting the appointment of 
deputies to meet in Philadelphia on the 18th of June. 
On the day appointed, ten of the eleven counties 
then formed were represented, Cols. David Espy 
and John Piper and Samuel Davidson appearing for 
Bedford County. An organization being effected, 
Col. Thomas McKean was chosen president. In the 
deliberations of this conference, which continued its 
sessions until the 25th, inclusive, the resolutions of 
Congress were approved, the existing government of 
the province declared insufficient for the exigencies 



of tlie times, and the callinir of a provincial conven- 
tion, for the express purpose of forniiiifr a new govern- 
ment on the iiutliority of the people only, detenniiu-'l 
upon. The representation for each county was fixed 
at eifrht; Monday, July 8th, named as the time for 
the election, the qualification of voters prescribed, 
judges appointed, and Monday, July loth, the date 
ordered for members chosen to meet in convention in 
the city of Philadeli)hia. A patriotic address to the 
associators of the province, to whom the ri:;iit of >ul- 
frage was confined, received unanini'iu.~ aiiprovul. 
Want of space forbids its entire reproduction, and a 
single paragraph must be taken as an index ot tlie 
whole: "It is now in your |M,wer to immortalize your 
names by minglioL' your acliicvements with the events 
of the year 177G, ... a year which, we hope, will be 
famed in the annals of history to the end of time for 
establishing upon a lasting foundation tlie liberties of 
one-quarter of the globe." 

At the election held in I'.odfonl County, Tlionias 
Smith, Henjamin Elliott, Jose|iU Powell, John Pard, 
John Wilkin^, Thomas Coulter, Henry Elioads, and 
John ( I — ii:i were chosen delegates. One only of this Benjamin Elliott, resided in Huntingdon 
County. .Mr.Smith never residrd in tbi. .ouiity, but. 
being a luilf-brother of Dr. Si.iilh. |iro|,ri,.toi- of the 
town of Huntingdon, and having made wlun ,le|mty 
surveyor a number of surveys in the courjty. n-- well 
snli>e(inently sat as president judge of the r.mri- 
therein, he is identified with its history. A brief 
sketch of both these gentlemen will be found in the 
chapter on the P>ench and P>ar. 

The convention concbuled its labors on the 28th day 
of September, and the • 'oii-titution adopted was signed 
by the members present. The signatures of all the 
representatives from Bedford County are appended 
with the exception of that of Henry Rhoads. The 
change from a jn-oprietary government, to one based 
upon popular -nlli:eje, was sueh a iHiuked departure 
from til.' oM order oftbin-^ as to provoke iniu'h crit- 
icism and Muue di-:iti-la.l ion. The legislative power 
was lodged in a >iiii;b' liou-e of re|)resentatives called 
the "General A--enilily ..f the Representatives of the 
Freemen <d' Penn-y Ivania." the mendiers of which 
were t<, be cbo-en anruiaUy..n the -eeond Tuesday 
of (letober. an. I niei-t on the r,,„rih Mondav. The 

supreme ,.x. 
dent and I o 
her from r:ie 
freemen the 

be ch.,>e 
sheritl~ i 



in each ward, township, or district for justices, and 
two in eacli county for sheriS' and for coroner, and 
one for each office was conimLssioned by the Presi- 
dent in Council. Another body was authorized, called 
the Council of Censors, to be composed of two members 
from each city and county, and chosen at the general 
election in 1783, and in everj- seventh year thereafter. 
The duties enjoined on this Council were to inquire 
whether the Constitution has been preserved invio- 
late, and whether the several branches of government 
have performed their duties as guardians of the people, 
or assumed to themselves other orgreater powers than 
they are eiititleil to by the < 'onstitution ; to ascertain 
if taxes have lieen Ju-tly laid, revenues properly ex- 
pended, and tlie laws duly executed. This body was 
also empowered to call a convention for the purpose 
of amending tlie Constitution when necessary. 

Constitution of 1790.— In the As.sembly, March 
'2-i, 17MI, roolntions declaring that amendments to 
the Constitution were nece.ssary, were adopted by the 
decided vote of forty-one ayes to seventeen noes. 
These resolutions, which contained a request to the 
Supreme Executive Council to promulgate the rec- 
ommendations to the people of the commonwealth, 
were eon>i.lered by that body on the 28th, and the 
request decliiRHl. In Septeinber following, the As- 
>embly passed resolutions calling for the election of 
delegates to a convention. Representatives were ac- 
cordingly chosen, and the convention met in Phila- 
ilelpbia on the fourth ^londay of November, choosing 

IS Miilii 

lent. After a protracted sitting, 
an adjourniiient until the next year, and reassem- 

In this convention Huntingdon County was repre- 
sented by Andrew lleiidei-on. 

Sweeping chan-e- were made in •.■■overnniental ma- 
chinery. A second li"_ri-lative l.raneli, the Senate, 
was created, the SiipriTne Exeeiiiive ('oninil and 
Council of Censors abolished, and the chief executive 
authority conferred upon a Governor to be chosen by 
the electors, who could exercise a negative upon bills 
passed by the General Assembly; the tenure of the 
judges extended during "good behavior," and the 
Legislature required to meet annually on the first 
Tuesday of December, and directed t" pio\id( for the 
education of the poor. The Seieite \\,i- lo , (,n~ist of 
eighteen members, elected for tbiir year-. .Xortlium- 
berland, Luzerne, and Huntingdon eoii-titnied one 
district. Thomas Mifflin, who bad served hi- tellow- 
citizens as member of the .V^sembly lor I'liihelelphia, 
delegate to the first Continental i ■oii-ie-s major-gen- 
eral in the Revolution, d. b-ate to and Pre-ident of 
Congress, member and Speaker of the Assembly, 
niember of the Federal Constitutional Convention of 
17s7, president of the Supreme Executive Council 
ami of the Constitutional Convention of 1700. was in 
the year last named chosen the first Governor, and 
was twice re-elected. 

Constitution of 1838.— <)n the 14th of April, 18:54, 


the Legislature passed au act authorizing a popular 
vote on the question of calling a convention to revise 
the Constitution. Eighty-seven thousand five hundred 
and seventy votes were oast in favor, and seventy- 
three thousand one hundred and sixty-six against the 
proposition. The next year a law was approved di- 
recting the people to choose delegates to a convention 
which began its sessions at Harrisburg, May 2, 1837, 
and, after adjournments, completed its labors Feb. 22, 
1838. Samuel Koyer and Cornelius Cruni represented | 
Huntingdon County. The amendments proposed [ 
were adopted by popular vote at the October elec- 
tion. Among the important changes were reducing 
the senatorial term to three years ; making the Gov- 
ernor ineligible for election more than two terms in 
succession ; fixing the time for the assembling of the 
Legislature on the first Tuesday of January ; the ap- 
pointment of prothonotaries, recorders, registers, and 
justices of the peace taken from the excnilivi' and 
authority to elect these officers conlrnud iipuu the 
qualified voters, and life tenure in office abolislied. 

At the election at which the amendments were 
adopted, David R. I'orter, of Huntingdon County, 
was chosen Governor, and, in conformity with the 
altered Constitution, was inaugurated on the third 
Tuesday of January, 1839. 

The new Constitution contained a provision author- 
izing its amendment if the proposed change should 
receive the approval of two Legislatures in succession, 
followed by an afiirraative vote of the qualified elec- 
tors of the Commonwealth. By the method thus 
prescribed the organic law was three times amended, 
in 1850, 1855, and 1864. The first amendment, 
adopted in 1850, authorized the election of the judges ' 
by the people for the teims as prescribed in the 
Constitution, to wit : of the Supreme Court, fifteen 
years ; president of the Court of Common Pleas, and 
all other judges learned in the law, ten years; asso- 
ciate judges of the Common Pleas, five years. The 
first election for judges was in October, 1851. In 
1857 four amendments were added. The first limited 
the power of the Legislature to contract debts ; re- 
quired the creation of a sinking fund for the gradual 
extinguishment of the State debt; prohibited the 
loaning of the credit of the commonwealth to any 
individual, company, corporation, or association, and 
the Legislature from authorizing any county, city, 
borougli, township, or incorporated district from be- 
coming a stockholder in any company, association, or 
corporation, or loaning its credit thereto; the second 
restricted tlie power to erect new counties; the third 
provided for a septennial apportionment of the State 
into representative and senatorial districts; and the 
fourth conferred upon the Legislature power to 
change or revoke any charter of incorporation there- 
after granted whenever it may be injurious to the 
people. The amendments of 1864 authorized any of 
the voters of the commonwealth in actual military 
service to exercise the right of surtVage ; proliibited 

granunii- ai 

such auth.i 

The poli 

changi', and at the election of 1S50 tlie amendment 
was adojUed by the decided vote of 144,594 to 71,9;i5. 
The disposition to scatter the public revenues instead 
of husbanding them for the payment of the public 
obligations met a wholesome restraint in the amend- 
ments of 1857, while under those of 1864 the i.rac- 
tice of passing bills embracing a variety of subjects 
in a single enactment was terminated, and the Leg- 
islature relieved to a very great extent from the con- 
sideration of "special bills." 

Constitution of 1873.— While these changes in 
the organic law of the commonwealth restrained to 
a great degree vicious and unnecessary legislation, 
the rapid increase of wealth and population created 
new interests, and the ingenuity of man devised new 
methods of perverting the law-making power to per- 
sonal ends and private or corporation aggrandize- 
ment. The people demanded a remodeling of the 
Constitution and the engrafting upon the funda- 
mental law, such additional changes as the experi- 
ence of nearly a third of a century had demonstrated 
woukl contribute to the public good. The General 
Assembly, June 2, 1871, acting in accord with the 
sentiment of the people, pa.ssed a resolution submit- 
ting the question of calling a convention to the voters 
at the following general election. The feelings of 
the citizens were expressed with great emphasis by 
casting 328,354 votes in favor of a convention, to 
70,205 against. Huntingdon County contributed 
5453 ballots for the proposition, while only 5 were 
recorded against it, and in Blair County the vote 
stood: for, 6214, and 16 against. Backed by such 
an expression of the popular will, the Legislature 
passed an act, approved by the Governor, April 
11, 1872, making provisions for the election of "del- 
egates to a convention to revise and amend the 
Constitution of the State" at the following October 
election. For the Twenty-first Senatorial District, 
composed of the counties of Bedford. Fulton, Blair, 
and Somerset, Samuel L. Russell, of Bedford, and 
James W. Curry and Augustus S. Landis, of Blair, 
were chosen delegates ; and the Twenty-second Dis- 
trict, composed of Centre, Juniata, Mifflin, and 
Huntingdon Counties, was represented by John M. 
Bailey and John McCulloch, of Huntingdon, and 
Andrew Reed, of Mifflin. The convention began 
its sessions at Harrisburg, November 12th ; ad- 
journed, November 27th, to meet in Philadelphia, 
Jan. 12, 1873, and completed its labors in that city 
on the 3d day of November following. The Consti- 
tution adopted by the convention was submitted to 



the 16th day of Decern lior. It wns ratified liy 
253,744 votes being east in it-; lavnr, while diily 
108,954 were polled a,-ain>t il. lii Hmain-don 
County the poll stood: fur the ailoptinji, L'4i;s: 
against, 494; and in Blair: for, 1782; a-ain-t, 2lMs. 
The new Constitution went into effect .Ian. 1, ls74. 
Among the changes provided for by this instrument 
were increasing the number of representatives to 
two hundred, and the senators to fifty; biennial ses- 
sions of the Legislature after 1878 ; extension of rep- 
resentatives' term to two, and senators to four years ; 
method of enacting laws prescribed, and legislative 
authority still further restricted ; gubernatorial term 
extended to four years and incumbent declared ineli- 
gible for the succeeding term ; a Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor and Secretary of Internal Affairs to be chosen 
by the people for four years ; the pardoning power 
of the Governor limited to such cases as may be rec- 
ommended by a board of pardons; term of supreme 
judges extended to twenty-one years; municipal 
debts limited; prohibition of special legislation, etc. 



Bedford Furnace.— At an early day in the history 
of this region its iron ores began to attract attention, 
and projects for their utilization were discussed. Few 
of the inhabitants possessed sufficient capital to em- 
bark in the erection of I'stablislnuents fur the manu- 
facture of iron, and liiMM- who liiul surplus money 
were inclined to use it in oth.-r dir.-ctions. It be- 
came necessary to enlist capital from outride, which 
in due time was secured. In the fall of 1785, George 
Ashman and Cromwell began to take war- 
rants for vacant lands in the valleys in the vicinity of 
Orbisnnia. and, ;i-.-n,i:iting with themselves Edward 
Ridgcly, aliont the same time commenced the erecticm 
of "Bedford Furnace," the iron-smelting estab- 
lishment west of the Susquehanna. Its location was 
shown to the writer some years ago by one of the oM 
residents of Orbisonia, on the bank of the run a sli.jrt 
distance southeast of the eastern end of Ashniim 
Street of that borough. Its size is said to have Wvu : 
bosh five feet, with a stack either liltocii nr seventeen 
feet high.' Thecapacity in pHMJintiun wa- ei-hl 
to ten tons of pig metal p.rweek. It w:w run liv either 

such a point and in such a manner as would call 
forth tlie a<]miration of modern engineers.- 

The main room of the court-house that stood in 
Third Street, in the borough of Huntingdon, was 
heated by two large-sized six-plate stoves that bore the 
inscription " Bedford Furnace." At the Centennial 
Exposition a stove-plate cast at this furnace in 
1792 was among the relics of the past. The Bedford 
Company, a few years after the erection of the fur- 
nace, built a forge on the Aughwick Creek above Or- 
bisonia. The product of the furnace was run into 
stoves and other castings, or converted at the forge 
into bar-iron of shapes suitable for blacksmiths' use. 
The surplus was at first carried overland to Pitts- 
burgh, and it has been claimed that the first bar-iron 
made in this country that found its way to the market 
of that city was produced at this forge. On the 10th 
of September, 1793, Thomas Cromwell, for the coni- 
j)any, advertised in the Pittsbun/h Gazef/e that cast- 
ings and bar-iron were for sale at the Bedford Fur- 
nace. There now remains scarcely a trace of the 
location of this pioneer furnace. 

Barree Forge. — The next establishment erected 
was Barree Forgo, on the north side of the Little Ju- 
niata, about nine miles northwest of Huntingdon, 
then in Barree, now Porter township, Huntingdon 
Co. In the spring of 1794, Edward Bartholomew, 
of Chester County, purchased from Lazarus Brown 
McLane several tracts of land on the Little Juni- 
ata, and with his son-in-law. Oreeiiberry Porsey, 
commenced the ereetinn uf H.-uree I'di-i'. Its supply 
of pig metal was drawn Iroin ( 'eiitn I'urnaei- tor many 
years. This establislunent was carried on witli great 
success. A forge is still at work, and a few years ago 
a furnace was added. Both are yet run on charcoal. 
These are near the site of the ancient Minors' mill. 

Huntingdon Furnace.— About the year 179(5 a 
company was formed by Jlordecai Massey, Judge 
John Gloninger, of Lebanon, atid George Anshutz to 
erect a furnace called " irniilinud"n," on the War- 
rior's JIark Run, in Franklin township, Huntingdon 
Co. The first named w-as the owner of the land, 
the second contributed money, and the third skill, 
:iii|iiired in the manufacture of iron in Europe. It 
lias bien s.'iid that the company commenced with one 
li(.i>eand a piiir of oxen at the " old seat." The lo- 
cation was not favorable, and after some time was 
abandoned, and another furnace was built about a 
mile farther down the run. Besides the persons 
named. Martin Dubbs and George Shoenberger were 
snlisei|iiently members of the company, which was 
known as-.Iohn Gloninger ct Co.," and as-Ghm- 
iuL'er. .Vnshnt/. .t Co." This, run on 

1 its owners. In its e:irly days many 
list, and the familiar legend "Hunting- 



don Furnace" may yet be seen in localities where 
wood is still used as fuel. Out of the necessities and 
profits of this establishment there grew, from time to 
time, a forge on Spruce Creek, built about 1800, the 
upper and lower Tyrone Forges, rolling-mill, slitting- 
mill, nail-factories, saw- and grist-mill, and Bald 
Eagle Furnace. As early as 1819 the furnace estate 
had spread over an area exceeding forty thousand 

Other Early Iron-Works. — Juniata Forge, on the 
Juniata below Petersburg, was built about 1804 by 
Samuel Fahnestock and George Shoenberger. It was 
in operation during the last year (1882). Cokraine 
Forge, on Spruce Creek, was commenced by Samuel 
Marshall in 1805. Subsequently the group of three 
was designated Coleraine Forges. Cove Forge was 
built in 1810 by John Royer. Etna Furnace and Forge 
were begun in 1805 by Canan, Stewart & Moore. 
They were located near the Juniata, in Catharine 
township, Blair Co. This furnace was the first erected 
within the limits of that county. Knobtoiigh's 
hlooniery, near the site of Paradise Furnace, on Trough 
Creek, Tod township, Huntingdon Co., was in opera- 
tion early in the present century. About 1810 or 
1811, Union Furnace, on ihe Little Juniata, Morris 
township, was built by Edward B. Dorsey (grandson 
of the projector of Barree Forge) and Caleb Evans. 
Allegheny Furnace, near Altoona, the second in age 
in Blair County, was built in 1811 by Allison & 
Henderson. In 1813, Pennsylvania, on Spruce Creek, 
Franklin township, was erected by John Lyon, Jacob 
Haldeman, and William Wallace. Springfield was 
built in 1815 by John and Daniel Royer, and Rebecca 
in 1817 by Dr. Peter Shoenberger. Both these are in 
Blair County. By this date the reputation of " Juniata 
iron" had become so well established in the markets 
of the country, that its manufacture became and con- 
tinued for many years a leading industry, and many 
additional works were built. 

The following schedule of prices of nails at the 
Tyrone Works in June, 1819, is interesting in these 
days of improved machinery: Per hundred-weight, 
three-penny, $25; four-penny, $20; six-penny, $15; 
eight-, ten-, twelve-, sixteen-, and twenty-penny, $12. 

The production of these works was estimated in 
February, 1826, as follows : 




Maria Forge was then in operation, but did not 
make bar-iron. 

At Millington Forge, on Spruce Creek, the manufac- 
ture of steel was commenced by William McDermott, 
a Scotchman, some time between 1810 and 1820, and 
carried on with success until his death, which occurred 
about the last-named year. Here David R. Porter, 
afterwards Governor of the commonwealth, then en- 
gaged in the iron business, married Josephine, 
daughter of Mr. McDermott. 

Harris' "Pittsburgh Directory" for 1837 contains a 
list of iron-works in Huntingdon County, as follows: 
On the Little J'»»/rt/'a.— Elizabeth Furnace and Mary 
Ann Forge, owned by Edward Bell ; Antes Foi'ge, by 
Graham & McCamant; Cold Spring Forge, by John 
Crotzer; forge by A. R. Crane (not finished in 1S37) ; 
Union Furnace, owned by Micliael Wallace, occupied 
by Dorsey, Green & Co. ; Barree Forge, owned by 
Dorsey, Green & Co. ; Tyrone Forges (two), by Wil- 
liam Lyon & Co. ; Juniata Forge, by G. & J. H. 
Shoenberger.' On the Frankstown Branch. — Alle- 
gheny Furnace, by E. Baker & Co. ; Etna Furnace 
and Forge, by H. S. Spang; rolling-mill and forge, 
by G. Hatfield & Co. (not completed in 1837); fur- 
nace by H. S. Spang (not completed in 1837) ; Cove 
Forge, by Royer & Schmucker. On. the Eaysto^un. 
rSraitili. — Frankstown Furnace, by Daniel Hileman ;^ 
( ■Iinl..ii Forge, by William Hopkins & Beightel. On 
Sliiiit- ( 'rcrJ:. — Greenwood Furnace, owned by Rawle 
& Hall ; forge owned by W. & A. Couch, leased to 
Rawle & Hall. On Spruce Oree-t.— Elizabeth Forge, 
by G. & J. H. Shoenberger : Pennsylvania Furnace 
and three Coleraine Forges, by Shorb, Stewart & Co. ; 
Elizabeth Forge, by Robert Moore; Franklin Forge, by 
C. Wigton; aiillington Forge, by William Hopkins; 
Stockdale Forge, by John S. Isett. On Shade Creek. 
— Rockhill Furnace, by J. M. Bell; Winchester Fur- 
nace, owned by T. T. Cromwell, occupied by J. M. 
Allen. On Aughwick C'reeii-.— Chester Furnace and 
Aughwick (Forge), erected in 1837. On Warrior's 
Mark iJ?m.— Huntingdon Furnace, by G. & J. H. 
Shoenberger. On Little Bald Eagle Creek.— Ba\& 
Eagle Furnace, by William Lyon & Co. On Big 
Trough Creek. — Mary Ann Furnace and Forge, owned 
by John Savage, conducted by George Thompson. On 
Piney CVeeZ:.— Springfield Furnace and Franklin 
Forge, by Samuel Royer & Co. On Clover Creek. — 
Rebecca Furnace, owned by Dr. Peter Shoenberger. 
In all, 16 furnaces, 24 forges, and 1 rolling-mill, 
making 13,750 tons of pig metal and 9309 tons of 
blooms annually. 

In 1855 the iron establishments of the two counties 
were as follows : 

on.^in Tons. 





Huntingdon Fninace 
Greenwood (2) ' 


1 On the Jumat Ri 

G * I H sh 
Tie\ler l ( 
Isett Wigt I 


Edw.inl Furmife ' ' ■ >■' v ( ., 

Mill Creek ■■ ■" - ' ' 

Monroe " ' w . .l,.l,i,..i, 

H..i:i:l. iin.l Knuiiic,^ ii '^ 'i- ■" a '■ 

MM. ,,.!., rn,,.,.,-. ,,„aK..,-.... -MM._:.. 

Elizai.eth •■ " . . . JK.i lu. i..,!.-, l,i-ll 

RoUiiift-MiU ami ruiMlilic 

Furge Porter S. Hatfield A Son. 

Juniata R..llinK-MiIl and Forge. West 1!. Lorenz. 

Alexandria Foimdry I-i.i. 1 i;iafius. 

Eagle " Tod tw',. .1 1.. '■ I>:ivi.| fin. 

Huntingdon " ' ^1 •'"'"••'^-1 

Tetersbiirg '* " ' '^ ' '^ 

Sl.irleysl.nrg •; ' V>'l llnv 

Water Street " !!!!!!!!!!...'' I..I, l',j n,].!..... 

Blair Cmmtll. 

liiT, 17.^7, luid of Huntingdon soon thereafter. He 
iiiankd Jtine McBeth, of Cumberland County, and 
liir a short time resided in Shaver's Creek Valley. 
t^uoii thereafter he moved to Huntinjrdon, and resided 
at thesoutheastern corner of Second and Pcnn Streets, 
where he died Dec. 16. 1823. 

Portage Works trolli 


.1. R. JlcFarla 
.McLanalnin, \ 

These establishment 
such rapid inroads ujin 
ing year it beettini' iiicu 
vide the neeessaiy siip 
as proved nii|iriirit:ihl 
were run on cokr. Mi 
theuhuvc lists arc r.,1. 
the uses Inrwhi.'hlh.'y 
ablv l.H-at.Ml. r.iiitiimc- 

Libt of Ma 

l!rv. .1 


May 18, Rol.ert Ried and Elizalipth Allison. 

" 24, Alexander Lynn iind Rusatma WHrnock. 
Aug. 7, John Ross and Agnes McKittrock. 

" 23, Joseph Henderson and Jane Elliot. 
Sept. lY, William Eastep and Einelia Wright. 
Oct. 1, Caleb Armitage and Catharine McCabe. 

" 2, Siirancl Stewart and Ann Wilson. 
Nov. In, David Moore and Elizahelh Diivia. 
Aug. 31, James McMurtrie and Elizabeth Elliot. 
1799. Jan. 3, Andrew Boyer and Susannah Heiatan. 

" 8, Wllliaiu Laird and .\nn Drennan. 
Feb. 7, K..N :l .1 !i;i-i .1, , , I \l;,rv Johnston. 



Dec, I 

Mcl'leMand ami Jane McDonald. 
1800. Sept. 10, Thomas Lloyd and Nancy Moore. 
Oct. 1, Robert Orr and Ann Huston. 

" 7, Rev. Ale.xander Mcllwaine and t^atharine Cauan. 
Nov 13, James Robinson and Margaret Mi-Langhlin. 

" 25, John Hennen and Elizabeth Johnston. 
Dec. 11, David Newinsliani and Sn-an Kurtz. 

Aluil 11), John I'atlun and Rebecca Sinipson. 

" 2:i, Samuel Fisher and H.dn-ica Borland. 
July 7, Saiiiu,! Kin- and Ann .Marshal. 

" 11, .\. . ~ . I'll Isabella McLaughlin 

" 11,. I II' nri Nelly McCall. 

Oct. 211, .b.lii. -:. ■ .11 I , M.i-ar.-t Wilson, 



ling and Surah Saggett. 

" 2:), Samuel "S 
" 23, William i 
" 24, James Ar 




V 12 


d Tussey 




nas He;np 

June 9, 


1 Lloyd ai 


.31, l>i. 

er I'liii 

■liu,. ami 



14, Da 

ii,d llii 

.•tt ami 1' 


21, Jo 

n Hem 

erson ami 



23, Sal 

luel Al 

lerson am 


D. Jan 

11, Ro 

ert Bo, 

,1 and Hai 

nab F 


23, Jos 

-lib Fav 

ami Mis. 




,..., M 

, 1 1 1 : 

.■ l>rou 


20, Wi 

••.1 ■■ 

ii-v A 



i;,n D 

Sept. 27, .bill 
1811. Jan. 20, Willi. 
Feb. 20, David 
" 26, Isaac 
March 12, Juh 
19, Die 
April 11, Robe 


Oct. 15, Joseph Williams anil R;icliel Beatty. 

1812. Jan. 9, Thomas Kerr and Widow Hill. 

" 21, Williiiiii Brown and Elizabetli M.vtinKer. 
" 30, Thomas Jaclison and Catharine Mcllwain 
April 10, James Robinson and Elizabeth .\llen. 
JuneO, Aaron Allen and Hannah Thomas. 


Sept. IS, "William Wilson and Jane Eynphart. 

" IS, John Johnston and Catharine Johnston. 
Oct. 2:!, John Stitt and Martha Galbrnith. 
Kov. 20, William Dorris and Nancy Stitt. 
1818. Jan. 1.5, John Jacobs and Dorcas Vandevender. 
Feb. 12, Gilbert Cheney and Ann Dearmont. 
March 12, Andrew Newell and Margaret Doris. 
" 1-', Aiidr.-\v Arni^tion^ and Jane Nielson. 

MaRl. •!. D..M 


. ■-! 

Mayll, Fr.i. 


- , i 

" 13, Til. in 

^l , _ 

i. : ^I. 

" 27, Mate 

.■1 1" 

Nov. 2, Jami,. 


:. ....:i 

..i.a L. 

" li;,Jacol 


dur an. 


" 25,Jame 


nd Acti: 

s Mnss 

t. March 3. Will 


on and 

1 Grace UeiEhart.2 
Margaret White, 
lirabelh Roller.* 

" 24, 4a 
April 12, 

" 19, 

Nov. 1, John Ciuui and Mary McAkvy. 

Dec. 13, William McAlevy, Jr., and Jane Wilson. 

" 22, Edward Patton and Anna McJlurtrie. 

" 22, James Porter and Sarah Ray. 
1815. Jan. .">, James Robinson and Nancy Lan^. 

" 19, George Slaliond and JIargaret Simonton. 

" 2e,. J.din WiUon and .Snsan Graflns. 
Mar.h 2, TIi.o.k,, W;,Il;,ce and El-arinr Crawford. 

1823. Jan. 2, Ge,. 


■ Nell and Klizal 

Elizabetli Cr.imwe 
id Polly Macanley. 

" 16, Pi-t.-i Nil ,., . M ,i> Mil.,,. 
May 1, Joseph Stewart and Judith Lloyd. 
" 20, Rodman ^yilcox and Rosanna Gwin. 
'* 29, Peter Swope and Slartha Vandevender. 

" (i, ThoniiLs .11. Galbrailb and Ni 
" l.S, Alexander Ramsey and Elil 
March 13. B.-njainin K Stevens and 



Dec. S, Jonathan lliirlsock i 
1817. Jan. 21. John McCabe and Mary Glazier. 

March 20, William Ingram and Mary Nicholson. 
April 17, Hugh Hazlott and Jane Star. 

" 24, George Marshall and Jane McDermot. 
May l.i, Vincent Robison and Susanna Hess. 
June 6, Andrew and Rebecca Green. 



The first newspaper enterprise in the county, if 
not ill the valley of the Juniata, was 77te Huntingdon 
( 'mirier anil Weckh/ Adrcrtiscr, "Printed and pub- 
lished by iliehael Duffey, at the corner of Allegany 
Street &; the Public Square; Where Advertisements, 
articles of useful intelligence, and Essays having the 
Public wellfare for their objects, will he thankl'iiUy 
received and carefully inserted." The initial number 
was issued Jiilv 4, 1797, from the house then owned 

1 Gazette mys of Spruce Creek and '-of Woodcock Valley. ISth Febr 
was Tliurstlmj. 

s Both of the borough of Huntingdon. 

< Daughter of Philip Roller, Esq. All of Sinking Volley. 27th 



by John Cadwalladcr, that stood at Nos. 305 and 307 
Allegheny Street, and afterwards by David Snyder 
and his son-in-law, John \V. Mattern. The only 
copy of the paper known to be in existence is one of 
No. 6, dated Tuesday, Aug. 8, 1797, in the possession 
of the writer hereof. It contains foreign intelligence 
from Londonderry of May 6th ; Dublin, May 10th; 
Cork, May 6th; London, May 10th; and Viriina, 
May 26th ; and domestic items from Philadelphia, 
Lexington, Ky., Cincinnati, and other places. The 
solitary item of local news is as follows : 

"HfNTINGDON, August 9. 

"The publication of this Paper was unavoidal)ly protracted till tliis 
day, by wliich delay we aro enabled to notice; that this morning about 
1 O'clock, the Borough of Huntingdon was alarmed with the Ory of 
Fire I which, broke out in a hack building, the property of Mr George 
Householder; and threatened destruction to the adjacent buildings, but 
by the generous exertion of our fellow Citizens that devouiing element 
was conquered without doing any other damage, except the tearing 
down of the building in which the (ire originated." 

Among the advertisements is a notice from Johonus 
Tob, complaining that people from the borough 
of Huntingdon and elsewhere have made a practice of 
passing through his fields and throwing down the 
fences, and warning trespassers that they may depend 
they will be dealt with as the law directs. Arthur 
and William Moore request all persons indebted to 
their store in Alexandria to settle off their respective 
accounts. John Cryder offers himself as a candidate 
for sheriff at the following election. Jacob Weaver 
gives notice that the lottery for the lots in his town 
of Georgetown, in Hopewell township. Woodcock 
Valley, took place on the 7th of July. John Hughes, 
United States excise officer, ]iublishes regulations rela- 
tive to the entry of stills. John Keller offers a reward 
of ten pounds for the capture of the thief aud recovery 
of a horse stolen from his pasture-field in Canoe 
Valley, on the night of the 2d of August. Robert 
Hubbell forewarns persons against trusting his ab- 
sconding wife Jane. John Cadwallader informs sub- 
scribers to the fund of the public grammar school, 
incorporated for the town and county of Huntingdon, 
that they are required to make payment to him as 
treasurer without delay, and that proposals in writing 
will be received for erecting a school building 
of brick, twenty-four by thirty-six feet, two stories 
in height. The printer publishes his prospectus, 
and informs the public that he has a valuable col- 
lection of books for sale. The price of the paper 
was two dollars per annum. It was well printed for 
the times, and contained four columns on a page. The 
form measures nine and one-half by sixteen inches 
on each page. Among the patrons of this paper re- 
siding out of town whose names have been preserved 
are: James Champion, Philip Lauman, William 
McKillip, WilliaiTi Mulhallin, Samuel Marshall 
(Spruce Creek), William Moore (Woodcock Valley), 
John Gloninger, Joshua Lewis, Mr. Gahagin, of 
Hart's Log, Benjamin Laughead, Jacob Van Gilder, 
William Hollidav, Francis Smith, Henry Caldwell, 

Joseph Galbraith, Samuel Galbraith, Samuel Kerr, 
Thomas Durbin, Thomas Phillips, John Storm, John 
Byrnes, Capt. Richard McGuire, John Burgoon, John 
McCoy, Thomas Scott (Shaver's Creek), Lawrence 
Dempsey, John Culbertson, Daniel McConnaughy, 
MichaelSkelly, Andrew Bell, Angus Sinclair, Robert 
^McCartney, Joseph Cadwallader, Hugh Dalrymple, 
.\lexander McGeehan, James Ross, Robert Riddle, 
Thomas McMillan. Duffey continued the publica- 
tion of the paper for about seven months, until Feb- 
ruary, 1798, when from insufficient patronage, owing 
doubtless to the difficulties attending the delivery of 
his issues in the absence of mail facilities, he was 
compelled to quit. 

The next venture was The Guardi<m of Liberty and 
Hnnt'iiKiihia Chronicle, by John R. Parrington, com- 
menced in the fall of 1799, and continued about a year. 
The size and jirice was the same as the ' 'mirier. In No. 
.38, of tlie date Aug. 14, 180i), (Jmi;:,. ( iiithrie, jailer, 
offers a reward of eight dollars lur ;in escaped ]irisoner 
committed for forgery. Apprentices are wanted by 
Stephen Drury to the clock- and watch-making busi- 
ness, by William Hannegan to the tailoring, by John 
Yocum to the blacksmithing, by Archibald Thomp- 
son to the saddling, and by Christopher Steel to the 
cut- and hammer-nailing business. David Newing- 
ham offers a reward for the recovery of a watch lost 
between " this borough and Patrick Leonard's farm." 
The editor, in a standing advertisement dated Jan. 
30, 1800, informs his readers that a paper-mill is 
building about twenty miles distant from the borough 
that will keep in the county thousands of dollars that 
would otherwise go elsewhere, and that will consume 
large quantities of rags. He urges the people to save 
these otherwise useless articles for sale to the paper- 
mill and thus assist the enterprise. 

On the 12th of February, 1801, John McCahan 
commenced the publication of The ILintingdon Ga- 
zette and Week/i/ Advertiser. The size and price was 
the same as its predecessors. It was "printed by 
John McCahan, Washington Street, opposite to 
Gwinn's Alley." In 1802 the office was on Hill 
Street, "second door to Mr. Samuel Steel's tavern." 
Mr. McCahan was born in a small village called 
Drumuahaigh, in the north of Ireland, in November, 
1780, and landed in the United States in August, 
1792. He commenced his career as a printer with 
the firm of Steel & McClain, of Carlisle, as an ap- 
prentice, in 1795. The establishment failed the next 
year, and in 1797 he worked as a journeyman on the 
Courier, in Huntingdon, for Michael Duffey. After 
that paper died he followed Mr. Duffey to Baltimore, 
and in 1799 worked for William Pechin on a " Di- 
gest of the Laws of the United States." He con- 
ducted the Gazette from its establishment in 1801 
until July 9, 1828, over twenty-seven years, when he 
transferred the control and management of it to his 
son, John Kinney McCahan. Mr. McCahan was 
ideiititicd with nianv of the imiirovements and insti- 



tutions of hi.s time, and acquired a large estate in 
lands situated in various part.s of Huntingdon and 
Blair Counties. He remained a resident of the bor- 
ough of Huntingdon until about 1843, when he re- 
moved to the " Log Cabin Farm," in Walker town- 
ship, ojiposite the borough of Huntingdon, on which 
he had just completeil the brick residence now owned 
and occupied by a grandson bearing his name. He 
was a man of great industry, energy, and tact, and 
nianifi-stcd remarkable firmness and decision in all 
lii< liu~iness affairs. While he led an active life, al- 
ways taking an interest in matters of public concern, 
and participating in the political contests of ilie 
times, he never sought nor iield any official pnvitinns 
other than those connected with the borough govern- 
ment. He died Sunday morning, March 22, 1857, in 
his seventy-seventh year, and his remains rest in 
the Huntingdon Cemetery. One son, James A. Mc- 
Calian, who resides near Hollidaysburg, is the only 
one of his children now living. John Kinney Mc- 
Calian comlucted the Gii:iite until April 23, 1834, 
when h.- disposed of the establishment to Alexander 
Gwiii, and removed to the Laurel Springs Mills, a 
short distance above Hirminghani. Some time after 
the death of his father he returned to Huntingdon, 
and for many years resided in the house on the north- 
east corner of Washington and Fifth Streets, where 
he died Jan. IC, 1888, aged seventy-nine years. 

While the Oazetle when under the direction of 
its founder and his son advocated the election of 
Jackson and other Democratic candidates, it was not 
as distinctively Democratic as it became under the 
management of Ale.tander Gwin. In the Democratic 
split of 183.5, when George Wolf and Henry A. 
Muhlenberg were nominated by opposing factions of 
the then dominant party in Pennsylvania, and which 
resulted in Jo.seph Ritner, the Anti-Masonic candi- 
date, receiving a plurality of votes, and being inaugu- 
rated Giivenior, the Gazette warmly advocated the 
elecli'.n of .Muhlenberg, the candidate of the "Young 
Deniocrary." In the spirited gubernatorial contest 
of ]>;:;s it canir^tly supported David R. Porter. On 
thi- iltli ..f l'cbrii;iry, is:!!), Mr.Gwin retired from the 
edil'iriid cliair. and was succeeded by P. S. Joslyn. 
A short timi' thiTcnftrr llie material was removed to 
]Iolliday>l.tir-, aiul the Cr.rttr, long a weekly visitor 
to many hoii-^cholils in the county, ceased to exist. 
One of the iiiridi-iils connected with this inw~pa|.er 
worth rrci.rdiiiL: is ilie fact that for many years it 
wa- ].riiiled ..n p.iper mannfactured at the "Laurel 
Sprini;^" |.aper-iiiill, near Birmingham, the estab- 
li~]in,erit leleiied to in the GiianHaH of Libert;/. 

The . I „/.,■/.,,„ /.;„//, was in existence in 1811, but 
the ilat. s of its l.irili and death have been lost to liis- 
tory. In September, Isl:;, James Barbour com- 
menced the publication of The Hiniliiindo,, Intelti- 
neneer, a Democratic-Republican weekly. In Octo- 
ber, 1814, the name was changed to Tlie Hindi n^jdon 
liei>,ihlle,u,. Barl.onr continued to pnhli~h the paper 

until August, 1819, when the last number was issued, 
and the establishment became the property of James 
S. Patton, who had been one of the editors of the 
Lewistown Mercury. Another newspaper effort called 
the Viltiif/e Monitor was not successful. From its 
material the publication of the Republican Advocate 
was commenced in the summer of 1820 by Un- 
derwood and John MuUay. Underwood subsequently 
retired from the firm, and John W. Shugert became 
the junior partner. Sept. 8, 1827, Mullay disposed of 
his interest to Shugert, wdio conducted the paper 
alone until Feb. 7, 1829, wdien he sold out to Robert 
Wallace. The size of the pages, four columns in 
width, was ten by seventeen and one-half inches until 
July 30, 1828, when it was enlarged to five columns 
in width. Augustus Banks became joint edi,tor and 
proprietor with Mr. Wallace, June 15, 1831. The 
latter disposed of his interest to Thomas P. Campbell, 
and on the 28th of March, 1832, the firm became 
Banks & Campbell, and continued one year. Mr. 
Banks conducted the paper alone until May, 1835, 
when he transferred it to George Taylor and Mr. 
Campbell. With the number issued Dec. 30, 1835, 
the Ripiihlirnii Adcncnte expired. The material was 
united with that of the late Hutlidai/sbiirf/ Sentinel, 
piililished by William R. McCay, and a new paper 
called the Advocate and Sentinel issued by Mr. McCay, 
who continued its issue under the new title until 
about the middle of the year 1S41, wdien the estab- 
lishment clmnged hands, and a new eumlidate for 
public favor wa^ i-iied hv K. V. Kveiliart, under the 
name of the />r,„',r,-^,tir W^dr/nnni, and continued by 
iiim and Robert Woods for about two years, and then 
finally abandoned. The material was stored in a 
house on Allegheny Street, and a few years later was 
used in the publication of the Messenger. 

The Huntingdon Courier and Anti-Mamnie R.puUi- 
ciin was commenced by Henry L. McConnell, June 
2, 1830. Before the close of the first volume the firm- 
name became McConnell & McCrea. In February, 
1833, W. A. Kinsloe succeeded as publisher; a month 
later the firm was changed to N. Sargent and W. X. 
Kinsloe; July 3d, Mr. Sargent retired and Dr. Jacob 
lloft'man and W. A. Kinsloe became publishers. 
About the close of the year J. Hoffman & Co. were 
announced as publishers, who continued until Sep- 
tember, 1834, and were succeeded by William Yeager. 
Hamilton Scrapie soon after mounted the editorial 
tripod, and on the 20th of May, 1835, he published 
his valedictory ami announced that he had united 
the siibscriptinn li<t with that of the HoUidaij^burg 
Aurora, whieli would thereafter be called the Aurora 
iniji ('niirirr. 

The /f'n,H„,,d,.n Rule, a German Anti-Masonic 
paper, wa> commenced about is:;4 by Dr. Jacob 
Holfman and continued for a short time. 

The material of the Courier was purchased by A. 
W. Benedict & Co., and the publication of a six- 
column Aiiti-.Masonic paper, called the Huntingdon 


Journal, commenced Sept. 25, 1835. In April, 1836, 
Mr. Benedict became sole proprietor, and continued 
as such until Feb. 2, 1842, when he sold to Tlieodore 
H. Cremer. Under the management of the latter the 
typographical appearance of the paper was much im- 
proved by the use of new type and a new heading, 
June 7, 1843. Up to this time its motto was, "One 
Country, One Constitution, One Destiny." The Anti- 
Masonic party having, some years before, become 
merged into the Whig organization, the Journal be- 
came the Whig organ. Mr. Cremer sold out to James 
Clark, of Harrisburg, who assumed editorial control 
Aug. 13, 1845. The appearance of the paper was 
again improved in September, 1846, and in June, 
1848. Mr. Clark died March 23, 1851, and the vacant 
editorial chair was assumed by William H. Peightal 
on the 10th of April. J. Sewell Stewart became editor 
and proprietor Aug. 1, 1851. May 20, 1852, J. A. 
Hall became a partner, and on the 30th of September 
following Mr. Hall became sole owner, and, securing 
the services of Adin W. Benedict, the founder of the 
paper, as political editor, he continued the publica- 
tion until March 23, 1853, when Samuel L. Gla.sgow 
purchased the establishment. On the 11th of May 
an enlargement to seven columns was made. On the 
first day of March, 1854, William Brewster succeeded 
to the editorial control as well as proprietorship of 
the establishment, and on the 2d of May, 1855, Samuel 
G. Whittaker became associated with him. Mr. Whit- 
taker retired Dec. 23, 1857. Nearly two years later. 
Dr. Brewster sold out to John Lutz, of Shirleysburg, 
and in the issue of Nov. 30, 1859, announced the sev- 
erance of his connection with the paper. With the 
material of the Journal, Lutz recommenced the<S7;(V- 
leysburg Herald; the subscription list he disposed of 
to Mr. Whittaker, wlio, uniting with John A. Nash, 
the founder of the Hiiiif'ui<i'hiii Amrrican, commenced 
May 9, 1855, the firm <if Na>li c*t Whittaker continued 
the publication of a six-column ]):ipcr umlfr the 
united names of the Huntingdon Jmima/ ,i„d Ameri- 
can until Dec. 6, 1865, when Mr. Whittiikcr retired, 
and Mr. Nash and Robert McDivitt, under the firm- 
name of John A. Nash & Co., became publishers. In 
the beginning of 1867 an enlargement to seven col- 
umns was made. On the 29th of May following, Mr. 
Nash became sole proprietor, but Mr. McDivitt re- 
mained as one of the editors until the close of 1870, 
when he retired and was succeeded by J. R. Durbor- 
row, of Bedford, who had purchased and added to 
the establishment the material and subscription list 
of the Repuhlicdn. At the beginning of the new 
year the paper was enlarged to eight columns, the 
old name The Huntingdon Journal restored, and the 
typographical appearance greatly improved. The 
style of the firm was J. R. Durborrow-and John A. 
Nash, publishers and proprietors, until May 24, 1878, 
when Mr. Nash became sole proprietor and editor, 
and yet continues in that relation. The Journal, one 
of the old-established newspapers of the Juniata Val- 

ley, has now (January, 1883) entered upon its forty- 
sixth volume. 

After the death of the Wtlrhman, the Journal re- 
mained for a time the only jiaixT printed at Hunting- 
don. In the fall ..t 1S4:! new iiialeiial piirrhased, 
and the /fii„/i„:/'/,,„ <;/,,/„' ,-c,iiiii,eneed by Lewi-. G. 
Mytinger and G. L. Geiit/.el on the 24lh of Novem- 
ber. Jlytinger owned the office, and after a few 
months Gentzel's name was dropped. About 1st of 
June, 1845, he Sold to Thomas P. Caniiibell, under 
whom the paper was issueil l(]rsi>nie time by .T. W'lMsh 
Brewer, and then by Lyons Mussina as editor and 
publisher. In the spring of 1846, William Lewis 
purchased the establishment and issued the paper as 
editor and publisher. After the retirement of Mr. 
Mytinger a new series was begun. On the 25th of 
June, 1858, the Olobe, which wits always clearly and 
distinctly printed, appeared in an entirely new and 
attractive dress. The word " Huntingdon" was omit- 
ted from the heading. Up to the close of I860 it was 
continued as a six-column sheet, but with the first 
issue of 1861 an enlargement to seven columns was 
made and new type used. In the following April 
semi-weekly issues of half a sheet were begun and 
continued until June, 1862. The rise and progress of 
the great Rebellion excited a desire on the part of the 
people for the latest news from the seat of war, and 
to supply this popular demand many weekly news- 
papers throughout the State adopted the policy of 
the enterprising publisher of the Olobe. On the 5th 
of November, 1861, Alfred Tyhurst became associate 
editor, and continued until the semi-weekly issues 
were abandoned. Hugh Lindsay became associate 
editor Jan. 4, 1865, and on the 3d of April, 1867, in 
addition to editorial duties, shared with Mr. Lewis 
the responsibilities of publisher. This arrangement 
continued until April 1, 1872. On the 1st of January, 
1871, the paper was enlarged to eight columns. Al- 
fred Tyhurst became, April 1st, a member of the firm, 
which was known as The Globe Printing Association, 
with William Lewis, A. Tyhurst, and Hugh Lindsay 
as editors and business managers. Four months af- 
terwaid- .Mr. 'lylmrst retired, and Messrs. Lewis and 
Lindsay remained, the former as publisher, proprie- 
tor, and political editor, and the latter as business 

On the 10th of December, 1872, in the twenty- 
seventh year of his ownership of the Olobe, during 
which the paper had become one of the permanent 
and prosperous ones of the valley, Mr. Lewis sold out 
to Professor A. L. Guss, who, as publisher and pro- 
prietor, immediately assumed posse.ssion of the estab- 
lishment, and continued to conduct the paper until 
July 24, 1877, when he was succeeded by Alfred Ty- 
hurst as editor and proprietor. Five years later Mr. 
Tyhurst was compelled by ill health to rest from edi- 
torial labor. After his death the establishment was 
sold by his executors to Howard E. Butz on the 9th 
of January, 1883, the geutlenuin who had editorial 



tluu'ge during several preceding months. ( )n the 
1 'itli of August, 1877, the original name, The lliiiifiini- 
diiii Ghhr, was restored to tlie head of tlie paper ami 
\\w< |irii|irrly remained tliere >ince. 

Tiu Mxitenifer. — -George AV. W'iiittaki'r and George 
liayinnnd purehased tlie jires- and ty[]e of the defunct 
Ailrn,;i/r ,111(1 Sriitiiirl aiid Wiitrli iinin, aud with them 
on ihc l.'uh c.f April, ls4ii. cinmenced the publica- 
tinn mI a liM--i(j|iinin paper (■.■died The Messenger, 
ni'iitral in p'llitics. ( ine year later 'an enlargement 
til llii^ rxiciit iif line riiluniri per ]iage was made, and 
tlji' name anirnili'd to J/iiiifiiii/'Inii Messenger. At the 
end (if the xrund year the partnership was (iissolved 
uitli tlie view lit' discontinuing the publication of the 
jiapcr; but a lew weeks later Mr. Whittaker recon- 
sidered thfe idea of abandoning the profession, and 
on the 17th of May'commenced the third volume, 
reducing the sheet to the original width, five columns, 
and continued to issue the paper until the spring of 
l,s4'.i, when he sold the material to Samuel McElhose, 
who removed it to Brookville, Jefferson Co., and there 
commenced the Jefferson Star. 

The Standing Wo«c.— In the summer of 1S53, J. 
8im|iMin Africa and 8auiuel G. Whittaker purchased 
a new ])rcss, type, and material, and commenced the 
imliliiation of a six-culumn weekly independent paper 
called 77'. St<u,di,nj S/nne Banner. The initial num- 
ber was issued .lune 11th, ami the title was subse- 
(luently aliridged to The .Stuniling Stone. The enter- 
prise met a fair measure of financial success, and it 
wiiuld doubtless have become one of the permanent 
eslalilishnients of the borough, but circumstances 
directed the material interests of the proprietors into 
other channels. The senior having been elected 
ciinnty smveyor, the duties of that office engrossed 
Ins attention, and the juniiir desired to gratify an 
inclination tn sn-k a Imnie in the West, which, how- 
ever, was not aeeomplished until some years later, 
Failini; in the effort to dispose of the estalili-hment 
tu a party who would continue to publisli the ]ia|ier, 

it was sold to a company of gentlemen in Alt la, 

under whose patronage a paper was lommern^ed, nut 
(il ulii.^li has grown the Allnmi.i Trihmir. 

Thr /',/»;».— The materi^il of the Shir/n/shm;/ 
ll.i-.itd was purehased, and on the :;d of Aueust, 

and r.enjamin F, Miller commenced, Jlarch 20, ISGl, 
lo issue Tlir ]Vnrk!ngnien's Advocate, which was con- 

The Land Xews was begun by lln-h Lindsay, 
March It), 1874. The pages, eight and lliree-.|iiMrters 
by eleven and one-half inches, were four columns wide. 
For the first six months it was i.ssued weekly and 
afterwards semi-weekly. Frank Willoughby became 
a.ssociated with the founder of the paper Feb. 15, 
1875, as one of the publishers. With the first num- 
ber of the fiftli volume, March 11, 1878, an enlarge- 
ment was made and "the patent inside" introduced 
and u,sed until June 11, 1879, when by the introduc- 
tion of an improved press the publishers were enabled 
to have all tlie work on the paper performed at home. 

Mr. Willoughby retired June 14, 1880, leaving Mr. 
Lindsay sole publisher. 

The Monitor. — The G/obe, the old Democratic pai)er, 
having allied itself with the Republican party, a 
press and type were purchased by a number of the 
citizens of the county, and the publication of a six- 
column weekly called The Monitor was commenced 
in tlie borough of Huntingdon, Aug. 30, 1862. Ru- 
mors were circldated that ruemliers of the One Hun- 
dred and Twenty-filth Keuiment ol' reiinsylvania 
Volunteers from thi> eoumy, then in actual service, 
had held a meeting and resolved upon the destruction 
of the establishment on their return, in retaliation 
for some alleged grievance. Letters were written to 
members of iliff'erent companies of the reiriment be- 
fore its return to Hairi-burg, and mi its reaching there 
they were interviewed for the purpose of ascertaining 
the truth of these rumors, and assurances were inva- 
riably given that no sucli meeting had been held, and 
that the preparations making for the defense of the 
property were unnecessary. The thirty-eighth num- 
ber of the first volume was issued May 14, 1863. -Six 

ress, t> 

"iperty that 


thai therealler tlie is.ue ol the p:iper would 
remarked, ■■/■//.■ I'ninn has been -eir-ii-laiinm 

;(;u, by William Summers, |.ro|.rietor, ami William 

, Shaw, .•dilor, waseoulinued a lew m is. 

From the //,;../, establishment Williim F. Shaw 

■ voice be hustled by tlio 

,'uur persons emlaiigered, 

l!y the sacreil altm-s of 



obedience to the law of the land, let lis hoth assert and maintaiD our 
rights. The Monilor nuist be le-establislied, and every moment of delay 
broods peril to our cause. Let there he a thousand Democrats in coun- 
cil. There is no man who loves liberty that cannot devote one day to 

"John S. Miller, R. Bruce Petrikin, W. P. McNite, A. Johnston, J. 
Simpson Africa, E. L. Everhart, F. Hefright F. B., Wil- 
liam Colon, A. P. Wilson, G. Ashman Miller, John H. Lightncr, 
George Mears, R. Milton Speer, Joseph Reigger, Daniel Africa, Val- 
entine Hoover, A. Owen." 

Pursuant to this call a large meeting assembled at 
the court-house on the clay appointed. Gen. George 
W. Speer presided, assisted by fifty vice-presidents 
and twenty-two secretaries, representing each town- 
ship and borough in the county From the lengthy 
lei crt ot the committee on le ohitions the following 
e\tr\ct w IS tiken 

W EF» Tl t I 

C tr S3 I all 1 1 

&1 per the o gan of tl e Deraocratu 

ind tor tl e e\er »e f tl ese gl ts 

t li I at oyed b> a 1 vlesB mob 

( heretofore 

On the 'd ot Julv Ike Monitoi leappeared enlirged 
to si.\en columns with J Irvin Steel is editor and 
publisher. It contained the following account of the 
" Destruction of the Monitor:" 

"On iIk' JOth of last JLiy, as our readers will remember, the office of 

a base falsehood. Tlio 
immortal honor upou 
received the wai-m wel 
outrage, and condemn 

and the scarred v 

" We will d(. oui 

Criminal proceedings were commenced against a 
number of the participants and abettors of the out- 
rage. The grand jury at August sessions found a 
true bill against seventeen of the rioters. Si.'c had 
not been taken, and the recognizance of another was 
forfeited. The trial proceeded against six soldiers 
and four civilians. Four of the soldiers were con- 
victed and sentenced t(j pay a llnr of live (loUars 
each, and to undergo an iiii|irisoniiu'ii( olsix iiionihs. 
On the evening before the Octnlxr clcclioii a pardon 
was received from the Governor lor ihc piison.^ con- 
victed. About three o'clock on Saturday iiioniiim, .Fuly 
25th, a panel of one of the front doors was broken 
out through which some persons entered the office 
and destioved thiee cases of type And pied seven col- 
umns ot mitt 1 Til n jise aroused some of the 
nu^hb is 111 1 tl 11 f 1 tit 1 

With the til t mil 1 ii ued in 1865 a reduction in 
the i/e ot th I I 1 in ide At the beginning of 

the ffuith \ \ Dill -Ith Mr. Steel retired, 

and the edit ii 1 ii in i iiantwas assumed by S. A. 
Mckenzie whf w x succeeded by Joseph S. Corn- 
in in Decembei 13th One jear later the old size of 
seven c lumns was resum d On the KJtli of .July, 
1872 the typographi il || ii i co ol' Ijic pn]ier was 
impioved the sheet i 1 ii It liiilil coluiiiiis, and 
the heading chin,,c 1 1 // / I'lnn Mnn'ittir. Sept. 
22 1874 Ml Cornmin letired and was succeeded by 
feimuel E Fleming ind M M McNeil as editors 
ind pioprietois The latter withdrew June 12, 1876, 
when the name of the publishing firm was changed 
to & E Fleming &, Co and such it yet remains. 

The Rejnibhcan was established by Theo. H. Cre- 
mer Sept 15 1869 With the eighth issue tiie title 
was changed to Huntingdon Coiinfi/ Rrimhliniii. The 
material having been sold to J R. Diuiiorrow, who 
had become one of the owners of the Joiinml, the 
last numbei was issued Dec 3 1S70. 

The material of the People's Defender, of Hunting- 
don, was purchased by Alfred Tyhurst, who moved it 
to Coalmont, and there, in February, 1861, com- 
menced a weekly called The Broad Top Miner, and 
continued its publication until the 14th of June, 
when, owing to the then disturbed condition of the 
country, work was suspended thereon and never re- 
sumed. Its material subsequently became a part of 
the first Monitor establishment. 

The Orbisonia Leader was commenced about No- 
vember, 1876, by R. J. Coons, and continued a few 
years. The vacant place is now ably filled by the 
(h-hixniihi Dispatch. 

Tin- /'//./)■//«, a religious paper issued in the interest 
of the German Baptists or " Brethren," by some called 
" Dunkards," was begun at Marklesburg in January, 
1870, by Henry B. and J. B. Brumbaugh. In the 
fall of 1874 the establishment was moved to Hunt- 
ingdon. Two years later the Primitire ('liristimi, a 
paper of the .same denomination that had up to that 
time been published at Berlin, Somerset Co., was 



united with it, and tlieiK-eforward the paper was 
issued under the latter name by Quinter & Brum- 
baugh Bros. It has a very large circulation over 
many of the States of the Union. The establish- 
ment, located at the northwest corner of Washington 
and Fourteenth .Streets, runs its presses by steam, 
and has a book-bindery attached. 1 

A monthly called The Hunliifjdon Liiemry Museum 
and Moiithhj MUceHanij became a candidate for public 
support early in 1810. It was conducted by William 
R. Smith and Moses Canan, and printed in a cred- 
itable manner at the Guzetle office. It expired after 
the issue of the twelfth number. 

Young Amcrioi, Business Journal, H<,„„ M„„lhhj, 
and several other pajiers were starti'<l at different 
times in the borough of Huntingdon, cuntinueil for 
a while, and then suspended. 

The Heridd, a weekly independent [laper, was 
started at Shirleysburg, Feb. 1, 1855, by John Lutz. 
At the end of the first year it passed into the hands of 
John G. Long, and subsequently to Benjamin F. Mil- 
ler. Under the nianagenient of the latter its publi- 
cation was su-i^ended lor a slKjrt time, until on the 
7tli of January, 185S, Mr. Lutz again assumed the 
editorial management, with his son Benjamin as as- 
sistant editor and printer. Until the 25th of March 
the size was Ave columns, when it was increased to 
si.x. On the 28th of July, 1859, the establishment 
having been sold to R. Milton Speer for removal to 
Huntingdon, and The Union started, Mr. Lutz bade 
adieu to his readers. A few months later, in the 
arrangements that resulted in the consolidation of the 
Itiintin'jilon Journal and American papers, Mr. Lutz 
ulitaintd the material of the Journal office, with 
which, on the 4tli of January, 1860, he resumed the 
l.ublicati..n of The Herald. From the 30th of April 
until the 5th of November, 1861, the paper was is.^ued 

Mount Union Times.— The first paper published in 
Mount Union was called the Mount Union Times, and 
was issued weekly by Adam Harshberger and John S. 
Bare, about 1867, with Benjamin Lutz as foreman. 
The press was the one previously used at Shirleysburg 
in the publication of the Shirlei/shur;/ Herald. The , 
M'lun/ Union Times waa a six- or seven-column paper, 
witli a " patent" inside, printed in Chicago, and was 
the fir^t paper with a " patent" inside published in 
tliis |i;uf of the Statr. Before the Times had been 
puhli^hiil a yeai', Lutz. who by some means retained 

othre to W. 1'. .McLaui;lilin, who started a weekly, 
thv Mount Union //,/-/./, w ii h Lutz as c..iHpo>it. ,r and 
foreman. Mes-rs. llaishber-er and Bare eomplete.l 
the vear l,v -riling their papers printed at the .!/■ 
/„„„„ Tril,,,,,,- olliee. an.l at the end of the year the 
paper .su.-pended. .Mr. .McLau-iilia ran the //- ,w,'./ 
iorashort time and >ohl it to Uev. llowar.l 11. .lef 
fries, now of Denver, Col. Jellries wa- a -.n of Rev, 
Cvrus Jeffries, a n..ted .<j.irituali>t and the h.under of 

a denomination known as the " Resurrectionists," of 
which the son Howard was a minister. (This is the 
same Howard B. Jefiries who married a couple in a 
balloon at Cincinnati some years ago, an account of 
wduch wa.s published in all the papers.) 

Some time after, probably in the latter part of the 
year 1868, John Dougherty bought the Herald from 
Jeffries and imported an editor named Seaman from 
Elizabethtown, Lancaster Co., Pa. Mr. Seaman and 
Mr. Dougherty not agreeing, the latter took editorial 
charge of the paper himself, and continued its publi- 
cation until September, 1869, when Theodore H. 
Cremer, of Huntingdon, bought out the establish- 
ment, and taking it to Huntingdon started the Hunt- 
ingdon Eepnblienn. 

No paper was published in Mount L^nion from the 
last issue of the Herald, in August, 1869, until Febru- 
ary, 1873, when H. E. Shaffer started the Mount Union 
Times, a seven-column weekly, with new material and 
imitorted outside. Mr. Shaffer continued the Times 
successfully until the summer of 1875, when Dr. G. 
W. Thompson, Rev. Cyrus Jeffries, Joseph Bardine, 
B. F. Douglas, and John H. Miller formed a company 
under the firm-name of Dr. G. W. Thompson & Co., 
and bought the office and paper for fourteen hundred 
dollars. They changed the name of the paper to 77;f 
People's Era, and continued it as a weekly for some 
months with Rev. Cyrus Jeffries as editor, and John 
H. Miller as local editor. In a few weeks Joseph 
Bardine took the place of the latter as local editor, 
but the paper was far from being a success, and in the 
fall of the same year John M. Bowman, of Johns- 
town, bought the paper, and rechristened it the Mount 
Union Times, and printing both sides at home, ran it 
until August, 1877, when the paper was sold to W. T. 
Bair, of the Shirlegsburc, Herald. (W. T. Bair had 
started the Mount Union Herald, a three-column 
weekly folio, in September, 1875, and after a year 
moved it to Shirleysburg. ) Mr. Bair published the 
Times (part of the time printing both sides and then 
the inside only) until August, 1879, when it was 
bought by Dr. A. R. McCarthy, wlio, after a cessa- 
tion of seven weeks, revived it a~ a weekly. Sept. '^o, 
1879, with John S. Bare as local edife.r, and after- 
wards in succession, W. E. McCarthy, Millard T. 
Whittaker, and V. B. McCarthy. Except from ,Tan- 
uary to April, 1882, when the paper was published as 
a semi- weekly, the Times has been issued regularly 
as a weekly since under the control of the present 
editor, wdio has kept it going longer than any previous 

The Mountain Voice, a four-page weekly, commenced 
by B. F. Gehrett, M.D., at Broad Top City. June 22, 
1S76, who was succeeded Jan. 27, 1877, by Joseph J. 
M(irr(iw, was in existence some time over a year. 
The Ho/ne Monthly, an eight-page paper " for the 
family circle," commenced in January, 1879, by E. 
B. Swaiie, in the borough of Huntingdon, had reached 
several numbers, when, on the nitrht of the 28th of 


June, some persons ( 
type, and threw the 

ntered the office, carried off the 


Term Adm 


rerm Admitted. 

n into the canal. 

A.S the paper 

J,.siali E. Barkley 
Oratz Etting, 



John Cresswell, Jr 

, April 12. 1.S42. 
Jan 17, 1843. 

was exempt from anything like personalities, no 


Charles B Seely, 



James S,' Stewart, 

April 17, 1.843. 

son could be found f 

jr this outrage. 

Hugh Brady, 



William Dorris, ' 


William I'alton, 



John S, McVev, 

Aug, 24, 1S43. 

John Williamson, 
J.din G. Miles, 

Aug. 15, 


Samuel M, Lititi, 
A.lin W, Benedict 

Jan, 19, 1.S44. 

Ainil 0, IS44, 

Williiim Swift, 

Nov. 12, 


,Inbll lllV.tlnll , 

April in, l,-i44. 


Barton HcMullen 
Isaac Fisher, 

April '.i, 
Apiil 11, 

■ lusi.pli K„n,|.. 

.lair U Is"' 


Abram S. Wilson, 
Ephraim Banks, 

Aug. l::, 
Aug, 1 ;, 

,l,.,l,.,l,,,l. .t„ k. 

.MM, IJ, 1S45. 

List of Attorneys ddmittud 

to the Bar from the Organization 

of the 

Samiiel M. Green, 
Willnim J. Christj 
John A. lilodget. 

Aug. 1.1, 
, Aug. 1.;, 
Aug. 17, 

'i'iim" 'k'k'"|'"' 

,\in. I:. ls4.-,. 

County to the 

present date, December, IS 


'\"y'.<.iZ' '' 

Aug 1:1, 1.S4.:,, 

T."i ni Ai 


Term Ad 


McClay Hall, 

Aug. 11, 

Aug, 14, 1845. 

•George Wharton, prior to 


An.lrew Tulloh, 



T. Nixon VaiidyUe 

, Nov. 12, 

Willn.iii I.Jacobs 

Aug. 16, 1845. 

Cliarles Smith, prior t 


John Rose, 



Ricliard H. illcCab 

-, Jan. VI. 

li- C. Iiiinbar, 


James Hamilton, prior t 


W. A. Tbnnipson, 



John J. Il,.i,d..r--i,„ 

, Aug. '.I, 


Aug. 21,1845. 

Bradford, prior t 


I. W. Ciiliiertson 



S|.-«:ul Sl,.,.|, 

Aug. '.', 


TiliMii 1. c.lby, 

.Ian. 11, 184(5. 

James Ri.ldle, prior t 





■''""■" ^' I'""- 

Aug. in, 

San, ml Slc.^l 

.Ian. 21, 1M6. 

George Fisher, Jnne, 


W Lee llannum, 



Ainir.w .1 Clin,-. 

Apiii 11. 

.biliii .^.,,tt. 

.Ian. 2; 1S16, 

W. JI. Brown, Dec. 


James Kedie, 



Jonathan (.ill lisle. 

Aug. ^. 


llaikl |-,,.,|M 1 

A]iiil I 1, 1,SJ6, 

Johufa.lwallader, Dec. 


David Irwin, 



Robert Wallace, 

Jau. 12, 


.1 l.,,« iir 

Ai.iil l,-i. Is46, 

David JIcKeelian, Dec. 


John Miles, 



Bond Valentine, 

Nov. 1.-,, 

•I.'lin U . 1 hi. nil.. M 

. .\|iiil la, I,s47. 

Thomas Nestit, Dec. 


John .Shippen, 


1802. Maclean, 

April 10, 

.I..I111 l;,..,i. 

\kiil I7,]s48, 

Jacob Nagle, June 

, 1711(1. 

Thomas Gemmill 



Andievv Parker, 

April in. 

1,1. .• . \ , M , ., 

\-i.: I-. l-4:s. 

■Galhraitli Patterson, June, 


.b,-i,,l, Espy, 



James P. Hepburn 

April in, 

.1 .- |. \ : > . 

1.1 1 !, 1 -4!). 

Snmuel Riddle, Dec. 


Thninas Bnrnside 



Calvin Blythe, 

May :lii. 

1; r.i. r. ■■ 

\ . 1 . IS49. 

Richard Smith, Dec. 


Siunuel Massey, 



91. 1). Ma-o-ehaii, 

Aug. 14. 

'■'■■" " " " ''• ' 

.\n-- 11, ls49. 

Jonatlian Walker, April, 


Andrew Hoggs, 



Niith. 1' Krl|.|!n;i 

. .\im 1 1. 

1 •;;niii,,| llkinrliai 

1, Ken. .-,, 1.S49. 

Thomas Nesbit, Aug. 


William Ward, 



M lilh. « |i i;i._L 

' ' ' ' ^ "■•'>'■ 

.Ian. 13,1850. 

John Clark, Aug. 


Walker Reed, 



.\iidi.'« 1' « il.-ii 

.\].til in. 

''•'' "' " llnllll-. 

Nnv. 12, ls,50. 

Robert Duncan, Aug. 


Moses Canan, 



'■"''"■' "■ """''■" 

All-. 1 1 

-" " 1 ld-1, 

.Ian 22,18.51. 

Jacob Carpenter, April, 


Isaac B. Parker, 



.l.iiiHs .\. r.'lnkiii 

.Vug 1... 

s.ini'l n. W jh^.inl, 

.\|ail 11, ]^:.\. 

William Ross, April, 


James M. Riddle, 



.\l..\!.tll|rl KllIC, 

A|illl 1.'., 

"■'"""■1 !■ '■ki-:.n 

. .kill I ;, is.vj. 

Henry Wood, April, 


William Norris, 



S.iiiiih-I .M. 11.11 kla 

.Ainil 1.-., 

.bibll .N. l'|,:U,Ji, 

A|iiil Ij, |s.:,2. 

Joria. Henderson, April, 


A. Henderson, Jr 



Alexander (iwiu. 

Nov. 9, 


Samuel T, Brown, 

Ajiril 12, 1.S52, 

Thomas Elder, Nov. 


John Carpenter, 



Charles W. Kelso, 

Nov. 9, 


H. Biicher Swope, 

April 14, 1.8,53. 

Thomas Collins, Aug. 


James M. Russell 



Samuel S. Whartor 

, April, 


William P. Schell, 

Aug, 11,1S53. 

Abrm. Mnrnson, Aug. 


Wm. R. Smith, 



Hamilton Semple, 

Aug. 9, 


Thomas L. Fletche 

, N-nv. 17, 1.8,53, 

James Morrison, Jan. 


John Tod, of Bed 


Nov. 4. 

s ■.! 

.tiliii .\iii,it,ij... 

.^'n^ -1, |s.-,3. 

John T.yo.i, Aprii, 





Nathan Sirgent, 

Aug. m,. 

.1 .liii W , .M.iM, II,, 

.\l 1 1. 11, l-.'i4. 

George Duffleld, April, 


William Dean, 



James T. Hale, 

Nov, l:',. 

iMMi III llii,..(l, 

\:, 1.-. I..-4. 

Thomas Hadileu, Aug. 


George Burd, 



James Crawford, 

Jan. 11. 

.\. \ , 1 .11-,. 11-, 

Aiig 1 ■., ls.-,4. 

Thouws Anderson, April, 


John Johnston, 

Aug. 12,1811. 

Espy L. Anderson 

Apiil :•,, 1 .1 \,.ir, 

Jau, 10. 1855, 

Charles Huston, Aug. 


Alex. A. Audersor 

,Ang. 15 


John McGee, 

Aug, m. 

1.1 «.. M Stewart, 

Jan. 10, 1855. 

R. Duncan, Aug. 


Thos. Moutgomer 



James Bnrnside, 

Jan, H, 

1 "lan lliiir. 

April 14, 1855. 

William Reynolds, Aug. 


Dan. S. Houghton 


Reuben C. Hale, 

Nov, 11, 


11. \\all,cr Woods, 

Jan. 12,1866. 

Jesse Bloore, Nov. 


Wm. W. Potter, 



A. B. Norris, 

April 15, 


George M.HouIz, 

April 13,1857. 

Evan Rice Evans, April 1 

, 1797. 

John Blanchard, 



Wm. P. Orbison, 

Nov 12, 

Erskiue U. Miles, 

Aug. 10, 1857. 

Roliert McClnre, April 17 

, 1797. 

Thomas Blair, 



Samuel Calvin, 
George Taylor, 

April 12, 


John R. Edie, of 

Robert Allison, April, 


William W. Sraitli 

, April, 


April 12, 



Aug. 11, 1857. 

Thomas Duncan, April, 


Alex. Thompson, 



David Blair, 

Aug, 8, 


Morde. JlcKiimey 

Nov. 12,1857. 

David Watt, April, 


James M. Kelly, 



Thos. P. Campbell 

Nov. 15, 


Henry 0. Smith, 

Nov. 13,1857. 

Elias White Hale, Aug. 


Duncan S. Walke 

, April 14 


David Candor, 

April 11, 


J. S. Robison, 

Jan. 13,1.858. 

John Lyon, Nov. 


David Huling, 

April 15 


R. A. McMurtrie, 

April 15, 


John Cessna, of Bee 

Wm. A. Patterson, 

Jiimes Steel, 

Aug. IS 


John P. Anderson, 

April 9, 



Jan. 15, 1858. 

ofMifflin County, April, 


Janu'S BIitDowell- 


Thos. C. McDowell 

June 19, 


Wm. A. McGalliard, Nov. 1.5, 1858. 

H. N. McAllister, 
John Feuelon, 

Aug. 1.3. 
Aug. 12, 


Andrew Reed, 
Wm. H. Woods, 

Nov. 19, 1858. 


Jan, 12,1859. 

> The first court was held 

on the second Tuesday in 



George W. Barton, 

Aug. 12, 


M. H. Jolly, 

Apiil 11,1859. 

The dockets which contiined the proceedings of the C 

luvt of Common 

Thaddens Banks, 

Nov. 12, 

Henry T.White, 

April 14, 1859. 

Pleas from that time to December term, 1788, inclusive 

were, ace 


Gen.J. B.Anthony, Jan. 15, 


James D. Camphel 

, Nov. 14, 1859. 

to tradition, destroyed by Geu. McAle.vy .and his me 

n, therefo 

W.n. M Stewart, 

Jan. 15, 


R. Milton Speer, 

Nov. 14, 1859. 

respective dates of the adn 

ssion of members of the 

bar prior to 1789 


,Ji(n. 15, 


J. H. 0. Corbin, 

Nov. 14, 1859. 

cannot he given. The nam 

s, however, of all who appear to have been 

Jeremiah S. Black 

Aug. 17, 


T. M. Cornpropst, 

Aug. 16, ISCO. 

practicing are given at the 1 

ead of this list. 

Joshua F. Cox, 

Aug. 17, 1 


Samuel J. Murray, 

Aug. 21, i.son. 

2 The earliest dockets ext 

nt are very meagre, scarcely amounting to 

Aug. K. Cornyn, 

Nov. 9, 


E. Hammond, 

Jan. 21, 1801. 

respectable minutes of Ihe proceedings of the courts. 

No accoa 

nt was 

William C. Logan, 

Jan. 12, 


John Dean, 

Aug. 10,1861. 

taken of days in Ihe entry 

f suits or judgments, nor 

n the adn 

i ssion 

Robert L.Johnstor 

, April 13, 


Warren Raymond, 

Jan. 15, 1.SC2. 

of altoriieys ; evcrvtbing appears to have been referred to the ter 

11, and 

E.V. Everhait, 

Jnne 21, 


Rud-h. McMurtrie, 

April 16,1802. 

the date of that is often obs 

cure. Hence the term an 

i not the 

lay of 

P. Frazer Smith, 

June 23, 


Joseph Parker, 

April 21, l,sil2. 

the month is given in this 1 

St down to about the year 1817. Fio 

n that 

Theo. H. Cromer, 

Aug. 10. 


Samuel L. Russell, 

April 23,1862. 

time on more attention is g 

ven to dates, as will appear by refere 

nee to 

John W. Shaw, 

Aug. 11, 


John M, Bailey, 

Aug, 11,1862. 

the list. 

William Ayres, 

Jan. 10, 


P. Marion Lytic, 

Aug. 11, 1862. 


I'crm Admilteil. 

Term AJmiltL-.l. 

m. A. Wallace, 

Aug. 14, 1802. 

James B. RidJle, Aug. 10, 1874. 

n. A. Stelihens, 

Nuv. 9, 1KC2. 

Jus. S. I..-i»-iiigriug, Jan. 20, 1S75. 

M, \V„..dUuk, 

Nov. 11, 1802. 

George B., JI'cli 2:), 1875. 

April 12, 1SC4. 

W.S. Alexanck-r, MVIi 23, 1875. 

.1. A. MoOiiilM 

Aug. 8, 1864. 

W. D. Horning. April 21, 1875. 

i.z.e A, l,..vdl. 

Aug. Id, 1804. 

Edward J. McCoy, Aug. 18,1875. 

.1.1. 1!. .Mass-y, 

Nov, 14, 1804. 

Herman IJ. North, Aug. 19, 1875. 

-\m, M. (■..uik-y 

No%-. 2I,1S(;4. 

J. D. Hi. ks, Nov. 8, 1875. 

M. WilliUMlSUll 

Jan. 17, 18I-,.-,. 

Thorn IS M. Polloi:k, Nov. 15, 1875. 

in F, Kreaiiff, 

A|iril 11, l80.n. 

T. W. JacUM.n, Doc. 21,1875. 

». Ci. U, Findlay 

Aug. 14, 1805. 

EzraD. I'aiker, Jan. 10,1870. 

Ilium A. Sipo, 

Aug. 14, 1805. 

Ch.-«. A. Burnett, Jan. 11, 1870. 

B. Arniiliige, 

Aug. 14, 160S. 

Ja«. J. Cliaml.ei lin, April 10, 1876. 

oniiwM. Ltlcy, 

Aug. 14,1805. 

William W. Dorris, April 12, 1870. 


Aug. 15, 1805. 

A. A. Anilerson, April 12, 1876. 

It.Mi S Lytle, 

Aug. l:i, 1800. 

Frank Love. Aug. 21, 1870. 

S..MI-5I 111 trie. 

Aug. Ki, ISOO. 

S. I>. McDivitt, Oct. 3, 1870. 

Aug. 15, 1800. 

F. B. Tiernev, Nov. 13, 1870. 

11 .-,111^1 ee, 
,11 «ill,i.ni3..ii 

Apiil 8,1807. 

JohnOornman, Jan. 15,1877. 
C. S. Marks, June 14, 1877. 

April 15, 1807. 

S. L. Glasgow, June 16, 1877. 

. 18GS. J. Fr 

George 11. Spang, 

J. Hall Mii-ser, 

Apiil 12,1809. 

D. M. De Vore, Jan. 10, 

J. J. 

Nov. 11, 1809. 

J. M. A. Pa.=smor.>, Jan. 17, 


Jan. 20, 1.S70. 

Edward L. Co-V, April 7, 

Wil-i.ii r sp.-.k, 

April 11, 1870. 

James A. Fleming, Aug. 18, 


April 11, 1870. 

A. Porter Hney, Aug, l.S, 

1!. S.u.i .M.lllduir 

Aug. 8,1870. 

Lemuel II. Beers, Sept. i", 

Blih, Z.iilliiUT, 

Aug. 8,1870. 

John D. Dorris, Sept. 27, 

Fri.leri.k Jeakel, 

Aug. 8,1870. 

Charles G. Br..wn, April 11, 

U. C. Madden, 

Nov. 14,1870. 

Dan'I McLaughlin, April IS, 

J. R. Dnrliorow, 

Jan. 10,1871. 

Charles H.iwer, of 


.1.111. I'l, 1n7. 

Ueber McHilgh, 

April 10, 1882. 


All- i;. 1^7. 

. Howard E. But/,, 

April 10, 1882. 

F,.r. 21 1! 1S74 

Clement Hale, 

April 10, 1882. 

April 22, IN74 

John Y. 

April 12, 1882. 

1 William .s. Taylor 


rposr now t 

o -ivo a brief 1, 

story of the 


iiLiiiCiiuiity IV.. 
t.itlle|.re-elll t 
lit- have lieell 

11 theiir:,'aiii- 
iiie. Tolliis 


li.t of all 
turncys nf 

iirt> of the 


.lilt, Willi 

1,.- ilate of till 

r aiiiiiis>ion 


iiiir hi-tur 

ml. Tlii- l-i.n 

1- the lia<is 
■ily he eoii- 

( If 

'1' 1 

rniirM- tlii- 

.TM,,,-, will 
-.111- Ullii h 

-iHin idler t 

ilplir-llril their 

.leiits.if the 



And that were resident.s of the county many 
left no monument in court except the brief record of 
their admission; their deeds are forgotten, and all 
that can be done now is to save their names from 
oblivion. But there are a few names standing out as 
landmarks, historic names that have outlived their 
day and generation, names that have not fallen a prey 
to the tooth of Time and yet survive in the century 
that succeeded their own, and shall form the 
subjects of sketches of such length as the iironiinence 
of each may demand. 

The county was organized on the 20th of Septem- 
ber, 1787, by an act of Assembly of that date, the 
organic law itself fixing Huntingdon as the seat of 
justice, and directing the terms of the courts to com- 
mence on the second Tuesdays in December, March, 
June, and September of each year. Lazarus B. JIc- 
Olean was commissioned prothonotary of the Court 
of the Common Pleas and clerk of the Courts of 
Quarter Sessions, Oyer and Terminer, and Orphans' 
Court ; and Andrew Henderson was commissioned reg- 
ister of wills and recorder of deeds in and for the 
county. McClean was from Franklin County, and 
was commissioned on the 25th of September, 17S7 ; 
Henderson was from Chester County, and was com- 
missioned on the 29th of the same month. A 
sheritr was furnished in the i)erson of Benjamin 
Elliott, a citizen of the county, who was commissioned 
on the 22d of October, 1787. Robert Galbraith was 
commissioned president judge of the county courts 
on the 23d of November. At the same time the 
Supreme Executive Council commissioned Thomas 
Dunetin Smith, justice-elect for the town of Hunt- 
ingdon; John Williams, justice-elect for the dis- 
trict of Huntingdon township; Thomas McCune, 
justice-elect for the district of the township of Ty- 
rone; and William Phillips, justice-elect for the 
district of the township of W'oodberry, all by one 
commission. They combined the offices of justices 
of the peace and associate judges, and under the 
judicial system then existing they held the courts 
of the eotinty. Thus we had all the machinery 
for holding courts, — county officers, a president judge 
and four associates, — and the people no doubt were 
happy in the contemplation of this important fact, 
and rejoiced at the prospect before them. All things 
were now rcaily. but there was no court-house. 
One Lu.hvig Si'll. li.iwever. had a hou-e.-a piiblie- 
hoii-e,— ami the aet of A.->enihly which lireatlied 
the new county into being directed that the courts 
shoiilil lie held ;it his house until a court-house could 
lie built. The house of Mr. Sell stood on the north 
side ot .Mle-heiiy Street, between Second and Third, 
nil the lot now owned and occupied by Thomas 
Fisher, anil it elianged owners several times during 
the piri.iil wliieli the courts were held in it. The 

lii-.-l I ri-hoii-e proper, which stood on Third Street, 

lietiveeii I'.nii and .\llegheny, was not completed till 



The first court was held in the house of Ludwig 
Sell, on the second Tuesday in December, 1787, by the 
president and associate judges above named, nearly a 
century ago. At the present date but little is known 
of most of them, except that they were considered 
good men in their day, the associates being chosen by 
the voting portion of the people, and commissioned 
by the Supreme Executive Council fur a term of 
seven years, not, as afterwards under the Constitution 
of 1790, for life or during good behavior. From tlie 
commission of Robert Galbraith it appears that he 
was a citizen of Huntingdon County at the date of 
his appointment. But little is known of liini at this 
remote time. He was learned in the law, and was 
a justice of the peace, like his associates, also a 
surveyor. Of the latter fact ample evidence is found 
in old surveys. He held the position of president 
judge from Nov. 23, 1787, till Aug. 20, 17i)l, when he 
was superseded by Thomas Smith, a law judge, as 
will be seen farther on. He was also commissioned 
an associate judge afterwards under the Constitution 
of 1790, and sat with Judge Riddle on the bencli as 
late as November term, 1802. His death occurred 
a few years later, as he was never on the bench after 
i that date.' • 

Thomas Duxcan Smith, one of the first justices 
I and associate judges of the county, was a son of Wil- 
! Ham Smith, D.D., the founder of the town of Hunt- 
ingdon. He was a member of the medical profession, 
i reared in Philadelphia, but had become a resident of 
; Huntingdon, in and around which his father owned 

i a large amount of real estate. He died in the twenty- 
I ninth year of his age. He was born Nov. 18, 1760, 
{ and died July 9, 1789, aged twenty-eight years, seven 
[ months, and twenty-one days. He was buried in the 
i Huntingdon Cemetery, where a huge marble slab 
! marks his grave and that of his brother Richard. 
I Other justices and associate judges were afterwards 

I commissioned before the tenure of office was changed 
I by the adoption of the Constitution of 1790. In 
June, 1789, we had Thomas Wilson and John Little, 
! in addition to the four who had been previously com- 
i missioned. The courts held by these gentlemen were 
called justices' courts. The associates sometimes 
held sessions in the absence of Galbraith, the presi- 
dent. The chief business of these courts was to ex- 
amine and discharge insolvent debtors, with whom 
the prison was at times filled. Even the attor- 
neys were not all free from imprisonment for debt, 
and some of them had to pass through the ordeal, 
quaintly termed the " flint-mill." 

Thomas Smith was the first president judge 
learned in the law who presided in the courts of 
this county. On the 20th of August, 1791, he was 
commissioned by Thomas MifBin, Governor, as presi- 
dent judge of the several courts in the district con- 

i proven on tlie '.id of Feljruary 

sisting of the counties of Cumberland, Franklin, 
Bedford, Huntingdon, and Mifflin. He continued 
president judge of this district only for the short 
])eriod of two years and five months. On the ."Ist of 
Jainiaiy, 1704, he wns promoted by an appointment 
to a se;it on llir Supmni' lU-nch, and he continued to 



he justices ol' the Supreme Court until the 
i ileatli, which occurred on the 31st day of 
19, fifteen years and two months after the 
date of his appointment as a justice of the Supreme 
Court. His brethren of the bencli at different times 
were Chief Justices McKean, Shippen, and Tilgh- 
man, and Justices Yeates and Brackenridge. The 
opinions written by him compare well with those by 
his brethren, and are contained in 2d, 3d, and 4th 
Yeates' and 1st Binney's Reports. 

At that time the State was divided into circuits, in 
which tlie judges of the Supreme Court, one or more 
by turns, lield sessions of the ( ,'ircuit Courts. Thomas 
Smith and Jasper Yeates held one of these courts at 
Huntingdon on the 2',lth of May, 1806. On the 27th 
of April, 1807, Judge Smith again held a Circuit 
Court at Huntingdon. He and his brethren of the 
Supreme Bench held Circuit Courts here annually for 
a number of years in April, May, and June of differ- 
ent years. From the decisions of these courts writs 
of error and appeals could be taken to the Supreme 
Court in Banc, at the hearing of which the judge who 
had tried the case on the circuit generally gave no 
opinion, but left the final decision to his brethren. 
No causes were originally instituted in the Circuit 
Courts, but were transferred to it from the Courts of 
Common Pleas and Quarter Sessions by certiorari or 
habeas corpue, and appeals were also allowed to them 
from the Orphans' Courts and Registers' Courts. The 
first Circuit Courts were established in 1799, and con- 
tinued ten years. They were abolished in 1809, and 
in this county all the then pending cases were trans- 
ferred to the Common Pleas to November term, 1809. 
They are contained in Continuance Docket F, begin- 
ning at page 79. 

Judge Smith was a half-brother of William Smith, 
D.D., the founder of the town of Huntiie^Jon, an^l llie 
only brother he had in America. Hewasaii l^iii^lisli- 
maii by birth and education, dignified in manner, and 
upheld the honor of courts and the dignity of the 
legal profession, and would not permit his most inti- 
mate iriend to cast even a shadow of contenijit upon 
I the judicial ermine. This quality in him is iiiirly 
I illustrated in the following: 

i Judge Smith had been a surveyor, and had made 

' many of the early surveys in this part of the State 

prior to his appointment to a judgeship. In making 

these surveys he had with him among others one Pat 

Leonard, as chain-carrier or other assistant, and 

[ in camping out, eating, drinking, and sleeping to- 

j gether, an intimacy and familiarity grew up between 

I tliem, especially on Pat's part, which Leonard could 

! not drop when Smith assumed the dignitv which is 


i. ..l.i 

ami wi^lied every one to know that he had a friend at 
(.■(inrt. At the time referred to the courts were held 
at the house designated in the act of Assembly, kept 
as a tavern hy :\Ir^. Haines, where the court liar 
was separati'd from the- <ither bar and llu- cduit- 
ronni liv ]iolrs rut and adjusted for tlie |.ur|M>-i-. 
jA-.nard .>l,taii„-d a lai-e' bowl from ibr land- 
lady and a pint ..f whiskey, which he bad n>ad.. 

tlie familiarity actpiired as stated, he api)roached the 
judge, and proffering the bowl to him, said, "Here, 
Tani, take a hirer of this before you charge the jury." 
The judge, however, would iiol come down from his | 
dignity nor iiubibe from the bcjwl, however dry he i 
may have been, but looked upon Pat's familiarity as 
a contempt of court, and ordered him to to be impris- | 
oned in the jail of the county; whereupon Leonard 
was taken to a little pen made of slabs or puncheons, 
which -tnnd where .Miller's tannery now is, and there 
imprisoned for a few hours. Thus he was put in 
" durance vile'' for no other otfcnse than his kimlness 
and familiarity towards his former friend ami com- 
panion the judge. 

Thonuis Smith went the way of all Hesh more than 
seventy-three years ago, surviving the Circuit Court 
oidy four days, but, like his contemporary. Chief Jus- 
tice Tilghnian, who survived him sixteen years, he 
has h^Fl a reeurd behind him more enduring than 
nionuineiital marble. So long as Pennsylvania has a 
judicial history the name of Thomas Smith will oc- 
cupy an enviable position upon its early pages.' 

Ja.mes Rir)j)LE. — Among the first attorneys wdio 
pracliei'd in tlie courts of Huntingdon County 
was .lame- Kiddle, of Bedford. His name ajfpears 
first upon the records in 1789, the earliest now ex- 
tant, lie was probably admitted at the first court 
held ill the comity, in December, 1787. There is no 
rccnrd ..I hi- adiiii--ii.ii. The dockets containing the 
liroceediiiL'~ "I tbi' Court <i[' Common Plea.s prior to 
nS'.i ha\c lieeii (bstiuycd. lie was the cotemporarv 
of Hamihnn, CIkiiIc- Sinitb, Cadwalladcr, Duncail, 
Walts, .I,.„:,tli;ui 1 1 emler- „i. :,,i,l Kiehard Smith, etc. 
Jle praetiecl in on,- curt- until April term. 17111. 
when he siu'ceeded Tlioiiias Smith on tlie bench, 
(b.vernor .Mitilin a,., ted and eon -ioncd him 

the county. He w;is a brother of Samuel Riddle, 
a member of the Huntingdon bar. Judge Riddle 
resided in Bedford, and is said to have lived to be an 
old and feeble man. 

His a.ssociates on the bench were David Stewart, 
Hugh Davison, Benjamin Elliott, and afterwards 
William Steel. 

Tii.iMA-, Cuuri-.K.— Coveruor McKean appointed 
and eoiiimi--ioned Thomas Cooper president judge of 
the Fourth .ludieial District, of which Huntingdon 
f'ouiily formed a jiart. His commission is not re- 
corded in this county, and its precise date cannot be 
given. He Iield his first court in Huntingdon in 
November, 1804, and his last in January, ISOC, 
holding but five terms here. In 180(5 the State was 
redistricted into ten districts. Huntingdon County 
continued in the Fourth District, and Judge Cooper 
became the president judge of the Eighth District. 

Jonathan Walker.— This gentleman made his 
first appearance in the courts of Huntingdon County 
at April term, 1792, wdien he was admitted to prac- 
tice. He was a resident of Northumberland County 
at the time of his appointment, but afterwards re- 
moved to Bedford. After the redistricting of tlie 
State ill 1806, whish increased the number of the 
judicial districts from five to ten, lie was ajipointed 
president judge of the Fourth District, composed of 
the counties of Mifflin, Centre, Huntingdon, and Bed- 
ford. His commission is dated the 1st of March, 
1806, issued liy Governor McKean. lie tind; the oath 
of office before Judge Cooper, of the l^iiilitli I)i-irict. 
on the 18th of March, 1806. He continued to pre- 
side here for a period of twelve years, from A)iril, 
1806, till August, 1818, when he was succeeded by 
Judge Hu.ston. 

Judge Walker is said to have been a learned and 
upright judge and a true patriot. He was the first 
judge in tliis district who doffed the wig and robe of 
tlie bench and dressed in plain citizen's clothes. 
Until till' time when .Tudge Walker took a seat on 
the beiicb the piowdered wig and robe were conspic- 
uiai^ paraphernalia of the judicial oflice.- 

.\t one of Judge Walker's courts an intoxicated 
"Id soldier, who had made some disturbance in court, 
was brought up beloie him, and ordcicd to jail. On 
being led out by the ofiicer, he turned round t.i the 
judge and -aid, " Yer lionor, Anthony Wayne would 
not liave said that." The judge not hearing any- 
thin- but the name of Wayne, imjuired what he said. 




The small salaries paid to the judges in those days 
did not place them above the annoying embarrass- 
ments common to other classes of the community. It 
appears that Judge Walker not free from pecuni- 
ary embarrassments. The year after his appointment 
two judgments for considerable amounts were entered ! 
up against him, which do not appear to liave l)een 
satisfied, and it is said that some of liis p:i|ir]-, well 
seasoned by age, could be purchased at a discount j 
similar to that which rules Continental scrip and | 
Confederate currency. 

Jonathan Walker was the father of Robert J. 
Walker, a politician and statesman of prominence, I 
who was Secretary of the Treasury of the United ! 
States, and afterwards Governor of the Territory of 
Kansas, appointed by President Buchanan. 

This is a brief record of four of the president judges j 
of the county courts, covering a period of twenty-seven j 
years, down to the commencement of the time of 
Charles Huston, 1818, a time within the memory of 
men now living. Next will be given sketches of a 
few of the associate judges, down to about the same 
period of time. 

Andrew Henderson.— One of the imperishable 
names in the history of Huntingdon County is that I 
of the above-named gentleman, one of its early as- 
sociate judges. He was appointed on the 29th of I 
September, 1787, for a term of seven years. His com- i 
mission as associate judge is recorded on the first and 
second pages of the first book opened in the re- 
corder's office. Docket A, No. 1. 

Mr. Henderson appears to have been one of those 
fortunate men who had office upon office and office 
after oftice tlirust upon him. At the same time that 
he was appointed an associate judge, he was also ap- ' 
pointed recorder of deeds in and for the county and i 
register of wills, and on the same day he received a i 
commission Dedirrms PotestaUin, and on the 1.5th of ! 
January, 1788, he received a commission as justice- | 
elect for the town of Huntingdon. On the 13th of 
December, 1788, he was appointed prothonotary of | 
the Court of Common Pleas. He was a member of 
the convention which framed the Constitution of 
1790. After the adoption of that Constitution, while 
these commissions were all in force. Governor MifHin, 
on the 11th of July, 1791, reappointed him jirothono- 
tary, clerk of the Quarter Sessions, Oyer and Ter- 
miner, and of the Orphans' Court, and on the 13th of 
January, 1800, Governor McKean reappointed and 1 
commissioned him to all these offices, and he con- 
tinued to hold them until the 28th of February, 1809, 
when he was succeeded by William Steel in the 
offices of register and recorder, prothonotary and 
clerk of the several courts, the appointing power 
having changed from Governor McKean to Governor 

Mr. Henderson was on the bench as late as Sep- 
tember term, 1790, but not later. His character as 
associate judge is not so conspicuous as that of a pio- ' 

neer in the town and county of Huntingdon. He 
moulded the offices and shaped the practices in 
tlieni. Tlie oflSces of register and recorder he held for 
twenty-two consecutive years, first under the Supreme 
Executive Council, and afteiwards under (inveriior 
Mifllin's and Governor McKcan's admiiiislrati.Mis 
under the Constitution of 1790, and tlie offices of 
prothonotary and clerk of the several courts he held 
for tlie term of eighteen years. 

Mr. Henderson was nopuhir, not only with the ap- 
pointing iiowers of the Slate, but also with the people 
among whom he lived and assneiated. He was five 
times elected chief burgess of the borougli of Hun- 
tingdon in five successive years, from 1803 to 1807, 
both inclusive, and again in 1809 and in ISIO, thus 
being the chief ruler of Huntingdon for seven years. 
Some of the laws of the borough signed by him are 
still upon the ordinance-book. 

He erected the large brick house on the southeast 
corner of Allegheny and Third Streets, in Hunting- 
don, long known as the Pennsylvania Railroad depot, 
prior to its removal a square farther westward. He 
occupied that large and commodious house with his 
family down to the time of his death. 

Nothing definite is known of the history of Mr. 
Henderson prior to his advent into Huntingdon. As 
stated elsewdiere, he came from Chester County. It 
is probable that he had some experience in the offices 
connected with the courts previous to his appoint- 
ment in this county, which was probably the reason 
why he was selected for tlie various offices which he 

In the southeast corner of the cemetery on the hill 
in Huntingdon is an inclosure surrounded by a mas- 
sive brick wall, in which rest side by side the mortal 
remains of Andrew Henderson, who died on the 2(jth 
day of June, 1812, in the fifty-first year of his age, 
and of Mary Henderson, his wife, who died on the 
21st of March, 1823, in the fifty-fourth year of her 
age ; and also of John A. Henderson, their only son, 
who died on the 15th of September, 1824, in the 
thirty-second year of his age. 

Mr. Henderson, like many of the first settlers of 
Huntingdon, was an Episcopalian." 

Benjamin Elliott was appointed and commis- 
sioned an associate judge of the several courts of the 
county by the Supreme Executive Council in 1789, of 
which Council he was at that time a member. He 
had been sheriff of Bedford County prior to the for- 
mation of Huntingdon County, and also the first sher- 
iff of Huntingdon County. He had been a member of 
the convention that framed the State Constitution of 
177<), and a member of the State Convention to ratify 
the Constitution of the United States. He served as 
a member of the Supreme Eitecutive Council in 1789 
and 1790, until the 20th of December of the latter 


year, when Tiiomas IMitHiii became Governor -.uA the 
<'()uncil expired. He was lieutenant of the i-oimtv 
(hiring tlie troubles of its early years, and in the <il<l 
records he is called Col. Elliott. 

As an associate judge, he ocenpied a seat on llie 
bench with the first three president ju.l-es of the 
county, and with .Vvsui-iate .Ftnljcs David Stewart and 
JIutrh r)avis()n. and |H-rlia|is willi others. He was 
aNo the first rliirf bur-es- of the bortniirh of Hunt- 
injrdon. In 17'Ji;, when the toun wa< ineorporaled 
into a bi.rou-h. he was elected to that office and 
servi-d in it for three years. In the year ixiio he was 
elected county .■onimis,sion<-r and served in that olhce 
a term of three years. Tlins Assoc-iate .Tud-e Klliott 
]jerfonned an important part in the numagement of 
the affairs of the county in it.s early days. Mr. Elli- 
ott was a man of considerable wealth and influence. 
He was one of the " borough fathers," a-s the bur- 
gesses and Council are called, in a double sense. He 
had a large family of daughters, wdio were married 
to some of the most prominent men of the town 
in those days, among whom were Robert Allison, 
David MeMurtrie, Sr., William Orbison, and Jacob 
Milh'r, all of whom have passed to that "bourne 
from whence no traveler returns ;" but the town 
contains many of his grandchildren and great-grand- 
children, who are proud of their ancestry. Mr. Elli- 
ott and his family were members of the Epi.scopal 
Church, but some, if not all, of his daughters after- 
wards became members of the Presbyterian Church. 
Mr. Elliott was a man of character and intiniMiii- and 
lived to a ripe old age. He died on the loth of .March, 
18:35, aged eighty-three years. His remains rest in 
the Huntingdon cemetery. 

David Stewakt was ai>poiiited and comniis 
sioned associate judge by foivurnor Mifllin on the 
20th of August, 1791, and served in that capacity till 
the time of his death, which occurred between the 
January and the April term in 182(5. At the August 
term of that year he was succeeded by .Toscph .\dams. 
Thus it will be seen that Judge David .'^teuart was on 
the bench for thirty-five eonsecutiv.' year>, the Iohl--- 
est term of service in the county. He on the 
lieiudi witli Robert Galbraith, first president judge 
of the connly. and with Thomas Smith, Thomas 
( -ooper, .lames Hi, Idle, Jonathan Walker, and Charles 
Hu~ti.ii. pre-ident judges through the whole of their 
resp( ctive term-. I'lii' associate judges on the bencdi 
with him at .jillerent times were John Canan (ao- 

tii, r, 

to have been an excellent penman, and to liave kept 
a full and satisfactory record or minute of the pro- 
ceedinirs of the commissioners. 

He was a resident of that portion of Morris town- 
ship whieh is now in niair County and called Cath- 
arine tou-nship. 

In the absence of the president judge, this as.sociate 
lield Courts of Quarter Sessions with other associates 
on the bench, tried cases and charged juries with in- 
telligence and plain common sense, which is synony- 
mous with common law. 

He was the father of John Stewart, who was also a 
county commissioner about half a century ago, and 
who was distin^'uished from other men of the same 
name as /nine John Stewart; and he was also the 
father of Robert G. Stewart, of Water Street, and of 
Dr. James Stewart, of Indiana, Pa., all prominent 

; and influential men who died many years ago. 

I We had two other associate judges of the name of 
Stewart, Capt. John and Thomas P., of whom we 

j may say a word farther on. 

JoHX Caxan" was appointed an associate judge in 
1791. He had been a prominent man in Bedford 
County prior to the erection of Huntingdon County, 
and was a member of the General Assembly at that 
time. He had also been a member of tlie Supreme 

', Executive Council from Huntingilon County in 1787 

I and 17SS. In 1791 and 1792 he was elected to the 

I A.ssembly from Huntingdon County, and in 1794 he 
was chosen State senator for the district composed of 
the counties of Huntingdon and Bedford. Among 
the old archives he also figures as Col. John Canan. 

' William Steel.— This gentleman was another 
of the prominent and fortunate men of the county. 
He was appointed an associate judge on the 2d of 
April, 18(14, by Governor McKean. Of course he 
was not " learned in the law," — few of the associate 
judges are, and Huntingdon County has never had 
any wdio were law judges. He was an Irish gen- 
tleman of the Covenanter faith. A great portion of 
hi^ time he kept a public-house and a store, and withal 
ilid a considerable amount of surveying, and l)y reason 
of these various occujiations and lii^ social disposi- 
tion he became extensively acquainted with the people 
of the county. His political aspiraijon- ,li,l not be- 
gin or end with his appointment to a seat on the liench. 
Ill 17'.iri he waselected acounty commissioner by three 
liuiidied and thirty-six votes, there being only four 
eleetion districts in the county at that time. In 1800 
lie \vas a candidate for the lower branch of the Legis- 
laltire. aiid made a respectable jioll, but was defeated 
hy .lames Kerr. In 1802 he was a canilidate for the 
same otliee and elected, with John lllair, ,.vrr Arthur 
Moore and Uiehard Smith, Mr. Steel liaviuir the 

icriir, and received 
otes against elevei 
ir William Spear. 

.en hundred 


carried the county by a li.inclsome majority, but 
Thomas Jackson was elected in the district. Jlr. 
Steel's popularity was continually increasing. 

In 1809 (Feb. 28th) he was appointed prothonotnry, 
register and recorder, and clerk of the courts by (lov- 
ernor Snyder, and continued to hold these nflices until 
1821, when he was succeeded by Richard Smith, a 
member of the bar. 

Judge Steel also had a high military title, that of 
general, he having been chosen major-general of the ! 
militia. Certain it is, however, that while on the 
bench as an associate judge, and afterwards while 
acting as prothonotary, he often used a military term 
of definite meaning. When witnesses had been sub- 
poenaed and did not attend court, he would say, with 
considerable emphasis, "Send a detachment for 
them," or "bring them in by a detachment." This 
was often related by his son, the late Maj. James 
Steel, as a joke upon his father, and the major would 
laugh heartily over it. 

The writer became personally acquainted with Gen. 
Steel in IS.'ii;, Imt IkkI no acquaintance with any of | 
the associate jui'.L^r^ who preceded him. He was then j 
familiarly known by the name of Gen. Steel. The I 
name of judge, if ever known by it, was entirely super- 1 
seded and merged in his military title. As associate ' 
judge he was succeeded by Joseph ]\IcCune. 

Mr. Steel was a man of medium height, heavy and 
erect frame, communicated freely and intelligently, 
was kind and courteous to all, and to young men in 
particular, and, like his immediate predecessor, Judge 
Elliott, he lived to an advanced age. He left surviv- 
ing him two brothers, namely, Samuel Steel, who had 
been county treasurer several times and was well 
known in the county, and Alexander Steel, of West 
township, a farmer, and two sons, James, who became 
a prominent member of the bar, a sketch of whom 
will be given in turn, and William, and six or seven 
daughters, all of whom are now deceased. Gen. Steel 
lived in the house now owned and occupied by 
C. C. North, on the north side of Penn Street, be- 
tween Third and Fourth Streets, and died at his resi- 
dence on the 12th of May, 1840, in the eighty-sixth 
year of his age. 

Down to this point in the history of the bench and 
bar sketches of the president judges and their associ- 
ates have been given. It now becomes necessary to 
give an account of the members of the bar down to 
about the same period of time. 

Keeping in view the fact that the counties of Bed- 
ford, Franklin, and Huntingdon having then been 
recently made out of parts of Cumberland, and Cum- 
berland itself out of part of Lancaster, it is readily 
understood why it was that the first practicing law- 
yers in Huntingdon were Charles Smith, of Lancas- 
ter, James Hamilton, Thomas Duncan, and David 
Watts, of Carlisle, and James Riddle, of Chambers- 
burg, and others from still more remote counties. 
These attornevs of the older counties followed up tlie 

courts 111 tlie I 
its legal busii 
Jr., Jaredlnu 
appeareil in ol 

the Si 



Carlisle, was sworn in our court as deputy attorney- 
general as late as April term, 180G, and deputies 
performed the same duties that now devolve upon the 
district attorney. 

The first court was held in December, 1787, but the 
records, the dockets, and minute-books of the Court 
of Common Pleas between that date and .Miirch term, 
1789, are missing, and there is a tradition that they 
were destroyed l.y ( ien. William McAlevy, who ordered 
them to be Imnii'd. lor what cause is now not known. 
Put for this uiilortunato event we could lay before 
our readers the names of the attorneys who attended 
and were sworn and admitted members of the bar at 
the first opening of the courts of the county. Thirty- 
six years ago tlie first court in P.lair County was held 
at Hollidayshurg, and the attorneys from Hunting- 
don and Bedford Hocked there, with smaller crowds 
from Cambria and other counties, " like doves to their 
windows," and were sworn in as attorneys of that 
court under Judge Black, of the Somerset and Bed- 
ford District, afterwards chief justice of the State. 
The opening of the courts in Huntingdon at the or- 
ganization of the county, fifty-nine years earlier, no 
doubt presented a similar scene on a smaller scale, 
but the record of this is gone. 

Messrs. Wharton, Bradford, and IngersoU were 
Philadelphians, and came to our courts on official 
business of the State or of the United States. Riddle 
and Orbison were residents of Cliainbersburg, the 
latter an uncle of William Orbison, of Huiiliiigdon. 
Riddle became president judge in 1794. Hamilton, 
Duncan, and Watts came from Carlisle, and Smith 
from Lancaster. 

JoHX Cadwall.\der was the first lawyer resi- 
dent in Huntingdon. He was admitted at December 
term, 1789, on motion of James Hamilton, and seems 
to have had a good practice from the first down to 
1807, the time of his death. 

He was a man of business outside of his profession 
as well as in it. He was elected one of the county 
commissioners in 1790, and served for three years. 
He was again elected in 1799, and served a term of 
three years more. In the interim between 1790 and 
1799 he served part of the time as clerk to the board 
of commissioners, and part of the time as auditor, 
appointed by the court with two other gentlemen, to 
settle the accounts of the commissioners and treasurer. 
He was also the first po.stmaster in Huntingdon. The 
precise time of his appointment or the length of time 
that he served as postmaster cannot be ascertained at 
this late date, as no oflScial record of it remains, the 


sinned with the freiicral post-office hiiilding in the fire 
of December, 183(5. The most definite inf<irmatinn 
that can now he obtained is tliat the post-office at 
Jliiiitin^'don, Pa., began to render quarterly rctiniis 
on the 1st nf .lanuary, 1798, and tliat John i 'adwal- 
laiKT was till- postmaster. He was a sl<illtul pt-n- 
niaii, an exci-llc-nt cleric, and apjiears to liavi- liecri 
an acliv.'. eiii-r;_'i-tic, and useful man. 

Ol' his earlier history nothing is known to tlie writer. 
l!y industry and attention to business he acquired a 
large landed estate, much of wliich he disposed of in 
his lifetime, and his executors conveyed a portion of 
the residue after his death, in fulfillment of contracts 
made by him before his death. He owned the lots 
upon which the court-house was erected completed 
in 1S42, and upon which the new one is now in prn- 
i-css of erection, and down to a short time prior to 
1S42 his widow and his daughter occupied the old 
hoini->tcad, wliicli wa.s removed to give place to the 
court-liou-( . \)y some mean.s the femily liad become 
poor, and the title to the lots was vested in the C(nn- 

Some interesting facts in the early history <d' the 
county might be given in connection with Mr. Oadwal- 
lader'a administration of its affiiirs, but two or three 
must suffice. In the year 1800 the taxables of the 
county numbered 2559; the slaves, 22; the expenses 
of the county for that year were estimated at $.'1(100, in- 
cluding $800 to be paid on account of the public Imild- 
ings (the court-house and jail) ; and down to the year 
1705, or later, the commissioners' office was kept in a 
room rented from Peter Swoope for the sum of five 
]iounds |)er annum. When serving as commissioner, 
Mr. Cadwallader made a trip to Philadelphia, and had 
the tax-list publisheil for twenty-six weeks in a Phila- 
delphia newspaper, for wlii.-li the county paid sixty 
pounds and fifteen shillings to one Francis Bailey. 
The unseate.l land li>t occupied six columns of'a 
daily n. wspap,.r. Sneh were the times in which Mr. 
Cadw.dladei- lived. 

Pi. itAKi. Smith was a s,,n of William Smith, 
DA).. [\w lonnder nl (he (own of llnntiniidt.n. lie 
was born on lie- ^-.tli of .lannaiy, i;(;;i, and made his 
first appearanee in the ,oni1s of the county in I7'.)l, 
havin- been .-elniiKed as a member of the at the 
Deeember term of that year. His residence was at 
the "Cypress CoKai;-.-." (hen in llie outskirts of the 
town. The inland and larni eunn.ete.l with the cot- 
ta-c were (he properlv nf Mr. Sinith. West Hunt- 
in.jdon has .i„ee 1 n l.nill un (he farm. He was a 

^'ll.vpopuh.r. and noeenphda proniim-nf position 

as a l;„-,.v, poiilv „,,.,n, tine-lo.k, n.^ and pusse.sin.' 

of a gentleman of (he old >,-! 1. Ilemarrieil Lelitia 

Nixon Coakley, a ladv of Lancaster, who was highly 
esteemed by all who knew her. 

of the villagers flocked to the cottage to enjoy the 
shady walks beside the river for recreation. It was a 
])!easant resort, where the " latch-string was never 
pidled in," and few would come away without par- 
taking of the hospitality of his board. Such a man 
would have many friends. 

But there is another side to this picture. While 
^Ir. Smith was borne up by the wave of popularity, 
his property was gradually swept away from him by 
his creditors. He was elected to the Legislature, but 
while on his way to take his seat tlie sherilT served a 
summons on him to answer a plea of debt, and he was 
under the necessity of pleading his privilege, and the 
service was set aside. He became more and more em- 
barrassed, and judgments were obtained against him, 
and court after court his real estate w-as under the 
sherirt's hammer; at one time lands amounting to 
eight thousand dollars, at another time eight tracts of 
valuable lands were sold at an enormoussacrifice. The 
majestic intended mansion, now the Exchange Hotel, 
erected by him, the rival of the house erected oppo- 
site to it by Andrew Henderson, was sold in an 
unfinished state, and purchased by the order of Free- 
masons for about ten per cent, of its original cost. 
His library, too, had been levied upon and sold. 

Mr. Smith's mind was now pursued by a phantom, — 
is there a man W'ho is not at scmie jieriod haunted by 
some phantom or other? ^Mr. Smith's was the drcail 
of poverty, perhaps the commonest spectre that haunts 
the human mind. Perhaps poverty was a reality 
staring him in the fivce. How few men wdio have had 
palmy days can bear up under adversity I He per- 
ceived that his property had imperceptibly wasted 
away, and to increase his terrors there was a hiwsiut 
against him that had been pending many years, now 
to be tried at a special court. The claimant was a 
relative of .Mr. Smith by marriage. He dreaded the 
final issue, though convinced that justice was on his 
side. At length the dreaded day arrived. The cause 
was called, the jury impaneled, and the trial pro- 
eeeiled. His adversary taunted him and charged him 
with dishonesty. Mr. Smith rose to repel the insult, 
while everv limb shook, and charged his adversary 
with l'alsebn,,d. .Ml was confusion. The judges in- 
terlereil (o |>reserve order. The excited defendant 
heard tlieni not. He was eonimanded to sit down, 
but he still persisted to vindicate his character. A 
second and a third time he was called upon to 
sit down and be silent, which awakened him to a 
sense of his position. He slowly .sank into his seat, 
ami, as if abashed, his head hung over his bosom, and 
liiailually descended till it rested on the desk before 
hi(n. ( irder was again restored, and the court pro- 
ceded (n business. A few moments after. John Wil- 
liam-on, who was sitting near Mr. Smith, appmaehed 
liiiii, and on raising him he was found to be 

The ennsternation and dismay caused by this death 
mav be imagined, but cannot be described. 

Thus died Richard Smith, one of the most 



prominent of the early members of the Huntingdon 
bar, a gentleman of learning and ability, of wealth 
and friends, whose sources of enjoyment were almost 
boundless, his home a little paradise. 

The verdict in the case on trial at the time of the 
death of Mr. Smith was in his favor. The case was 
tried September 2gth till Oct. 1, 182.3; verdict for 
the defendant. Motion for a new trial overruled Oct. 
3, 1823. 

Richard Smith was elected to the lower house of 
the Legislature in 1803. In February, 1821, after he 
met with his financial embarrassment, he was ap- 
pointed to the offices of register and recorder by 
Governor Heister, and served until the time of his 
death, wliich occurred on the Ist of October, 1823. 
His age was fifty-four years, eight months, and six 
days. He never had any children. He was the brother 
of Thomas Duncan Smith, M.D., one of the first asso- 
ciate judges, who was about eight years older than 
Richard, and died in July, 1789. One massive mar- 
ble slab covers the graves of these two brothers, with 
this inscription upon it, — 

Robert Allison was one of the members of 
the bar of this county connecting the past with 
the present century in his career. He was a native 
of Franklin County, read law with Richard Smith, 
and was admitted a member of the Huntingdon bar, 
on motion of Mr. Smith, at April term, 1798. He took 
up his residence at Huntingdon, became prominent 
at the bar, and had a largo and profitable practice for 
some thirty years or more. 

As a gentleman and lawyer, Mr. Allison justly 
ranked high. He was a man of considerable wealth 
and influence, connected by marriage with several of 
the most influential families in the county. He was 
a man of good understanding, but he was not eloquent. 
Neither be nor his cotemporary members of the bar 
resident in Huntingdon at that period excelled in 
oratory. In almost all important cases lawyers from 
abroad were associated in the trial of them with the 
resident attorneys, and generally the arguments to 
the juries were made by the attorneys from abroad. 
Among these were Jonathan Walker and Charles 
Huston, who were afterwards judges, and Hamilton, 
Duncan, and Watts, of Carlisle, Elias W. Hale, of 
Lewistown, and, later, Alexander, of Carlisle, and 
Potter and Blanchard, of Bellefonte. 

Mr. Allison was several times a candidate for Con- 
gress, and carried Huntingdon County against John 
Mitchell and John Brown, and in 1830 he was elected 
over John Scott. The district was composed of the 
counties of Huntingdon, Mifflin, Centre, and Clear- 
field. The vote stood: For Allison, 4776; and for 
Scott, 3898. John Scott was the father of John Scott, 
United States senator from March 4, 1869, to March 
4, 1875. 

While Mr. Allison was filling a high office, assist- 
ing in making laws for the nation, he did not despise 
small things, but was also assisting in making laws for 
the borough of Huntingdon, and enforcing them in 

' the capacity of chief burgess. He was first elected 
burgess in 1815, and again in 1817, 1819, and from 

' 1821 to 1824, both inclusive, and again in 1826 and in 
1830, thus serving for nine years, the longest period 
ever served by any man in that office, two years in 

I excess of the service of his brother-in-law, Andrew 

! Henderson. 

! Mr. Allison was a man of medium size, well pro- 
portioned, fair cnniiili xion. ami line presence. He 
married adaiiiilitcr ol .liid-.' f'.lliotl, of Huntingdon, 

I and reared a lari;c faiiiily ot (l:in^:liters. In his later 
years he was afflicted with apoplexy, which affected 
his speech to such an extent as to render it difficult 

1 to understand him. He died on the 2d of December, 

'■ 1840, aged sixty-five years and eight months. His 

I residence at the time of his death was at No. 523 
Penn vStreet, which at the time of its erection was 

; considered the best in the place. 

William Orbison was the son of Thomas Or- 
bison, who resided on a farm owned by him in York 
(now Adams) County, on the Maryland line, apart 

I of his land extending into that State, and was during 
the Revolutionary war a captain of militia, and served 
until the end of the war. His grandfather was also 

I named Thomas. He had emigrated from Ireland 

i about the year 1740, and purchased land in Franklin 

I County (then Lancaster), on which he resided till the 
time of his death. William Orbison was born in 
Adams County, Pa., on the 20th of June, 1777, and 
resided with his family and was engaged in farming 
until August, 1794, when he commenced to learn "the 
languages," as it was then called, with Rev. Alexan- 
der Dobbins, near Gettysburg; continued at school 
until January, 1797, having in that time read all the 
authors usually read at such iastitutions. The greater 
portion of 1797 and 1798 he spent in Virginia, teacli- 

\ ing "the languages" to children in private families. 
After successively keeping a small store for Rev. John 
Breckenridge in Washington City and teaching school 
in Hanover, he became dissatisfied, j-nd at tlie solici- 

I tation of his uncle, James Orbison, of Cliambers- 
burg, he commenced reading law with him in April, 

I 1799; read till Aug. 6, 1801, when he was examined 
and admitted to the bar on the usual certificates of 
competency, etc. On the 25th of the same month he 
arrived at Huntingdon, and on the next day was ad- 
milted an attorney in the courts of Huntingdon County. 
After visiting friends in Chambersburg and in .\danis 
County, he returned on the 19th of October, and from 

I thenceforth he was a citizen of Huntingdon until the 
time of his death. On the 6th of October, 1808, he 
married Eleanor, daughter of Benjamin Elliott. Mr. 
Elliott was one of the associate judges of Huntingdon 

! County. 

! Mr. (.)rbison was a good lawyer, entirely safe and trust- 


worthy, and trai 
out imiL-h di-;pla; 
s,m William P. ^ 

ix;;.-., th(.'..,M -> 
atturnev>, .Inin- 

and has lill,-. 
dent of th.- o 
Mr. Orbisn 
six inches ii: 
versation. an 

.1 a lar.L'c >liare of business with- 
lay in cHinl. I )uvvn to the time when liis 
'.was admitted to the bar, in November, 
irciitliiiian kept his place on the list of 
111; his own legal business and that of a 
It afi.r that date his son took his place, 
it lor many years. He was the piresi- 
d lliiiiliii-d'..n Hank, 
wa- a tin.'-l.mking man, about five feet ' 
stature, of elastic gait, fair and florid 
ively, agreeable, and instructive in con- 
able and piquant writer, and a gentle- 
man iif the "old -I'ho'.l, " the last of our citizens to i 
dotf the <■», luMii, .liable in nlden times. He never 
aspired to any political position, never was a candi- 
date for the honors or emoluments of office, but he 
was nevertheless well informed as to all that was in- 
V(dved in party struggles, and took an active part in 
thciii, ol'icij furnishing the rescdutions |,ir pulitical 
meting. Ml the Old-Line Whig party, and many a 
terse and pointed article for the press, b,,tli in |,rose 
and verse, emanated from his pen. j 

In 1815, Mr. Orbison commenceil the btiilding of 
the li(iii.>e nil the northwest corner of Penn and Third 
Streets where his son William P. now resides, and 
in the fall uf IslO he moved into it, and continued to 
reside tliere till the day of his death. 

In the more advanced years of his life .Mr. 
was a very exemplary Christian, a member of the 
Presbyterian Church, and a liberal contributor to the 
cause of religion. He died on the 23d of August, 
18.37, at the mature age of eighty years, two months, 
and three days. His widow .lie.l in February, ISCo. 

Wii.i.i AM R. Smith.— Prominent among the mem- 
liers i>r the Huntingdon bar admitted in the first 
de.iide of the jiresent century and resident in the 
eoniily u:i. William Kiidoipl, .•^mitli. He wa. the 
son of William M v Siiiilli, all, I giaiidsoi, ,,f Wil- 
liam Smilli, 1».I). lie studied law with .lames Mil- 
nor, ..I niiladelpliia. who alteruards went to New 
York, aii.l tli.Mv became a well-known Kpiscopal 
riei-yiiiiiii. He was admitted to tlie bar at Hiint- 
inpdoiiat November term, Isos, He was of a wealthv 
and inllmniial lainilv, posMSM^d -real natural abilitv, 
was higiily ediirated', lliieiil of speech, and in evia-y 
way well .|iialilied lo,- (be transartion .>f business, and 

tiee. lie was. Iiow.ver, bill a t\-\v years at the bar till 
he turned bi- alleiilioii lo piditics, to the evident 
prejmlire olbi- piariiee. In 1812, hut four years 
alter 111- adini^ioii. I„. br.aiiie a candidate for the 
State S.iiale, In IS2_' be was again a candidate for 
that olfii-,-, and was eleeted ill the room of Michael 
Wallace, re-iuMied. Ill Is.'.'i, Mr. Smith was elected 
to tile House ol Kepre-eiiiaiives over Peter Cassidy 
at a spe.aal eleeti.m. and at a general election the 

man, but they were defeated by Matthew Wilson and 
Joseph Adams. At the special election he wii-s elected 
by a majority of two votes only, the vote standing: For 
Smith, si-x hundred and thirty-three; and for Cassidy, 
six hundred and thirty-one. A friend of Cassidy, 
meeting Smith a day or two after the result was 
known, reproachfully cast it up to him that he had 
been elected by only two majority. Smith, with the 
most dignified wave of the hand, and in the blandest 
manner, replied, "My friend, one is as good as a 
thousand!" Mr. Smith ranked high as a legislator 
in both branches of the Legislature. 

Although popular at home and abroad as a man 
and as a politician, he, like other prominent men, had 
his troubles and his quarrels, as such men have in the 
present age. In 1826 he found it necessary to insti- 
tute actions of libel against two printers and editors, 
but, like many other suits for libel, these were never 
tried, but iiermitted tO slumber and to .leep that >leep 
wliiili knows no waking, the mere iu-titution of the 
suits probably having had the desired ell'ect of silenc- 
ing the batteries of these disciples of Faust. In the 
fiill of the same year he also prosecuted Charles 
j Raymond for libel, which resulted in a conviction 
and a small fine and costs. This grew out of articles 
written by Raymond, and printed in a newspaper 
called the Rcpiiblirn, A'/n„„/r, against Mr. Smith 
while a candidate tor .Vs^embly, by reason of which 
publication he was defeated. He was also a brigadier- 
general of the militia. 

Gen. Smith married Miss Eliza -Vnthony, a very 
excellent lady. He resided in the stone house on the 
northeast corner of Third and Allegheny Streets, 
wbieb has undergone many changes since, and has 
been for a long time known as the "Morrison House," 
in which the county offices are now temjiorarily lo- 
cated, awaiting the completion of the new court-liouse. 
Some years after the death of his first wife, Cnu. Smith 
married Mary Van Dyke, a niece of Mrs. Richard 
Smith. After he left Huntingdon he lived in I'.edford 
for a number of years. A gentleman who knew him 
during his long residence in Bedfonl s]>eaksol him as 
a dignified, high-toned, and talented idd gi'iitleman, 
but somewhat eccentric. From Bedford he moved 
to Mineral Point, Wis., where he performed much 
literary habor, and among other works wrote a history 
of Wisconsin in four volumes. The whole of this 
family of Smiths naturally inclined to literary ]iur- 
siiits. Richard Penn Smith, a brother of Wil- 
liam P., became a popular dramatist and writer of 

ably fine form and features. .\n old ei 

was the handsomest man he ever >aw. 

I pronounced him the most accomplisbed i 

! lived in Huntinsdon. He was cashier 

vs he 

Huntingdon Bank. 

Subsequently he been 
]irojierty passed under 

m vol veil 
• sheriir 

in debt, and his 
hammer, after 


which he received an appointment as a Rnvernnient 
otflcial, which tooli him to Wisconsin, as aliovc 
stated, where he died in August, IStiS. 

Thomas Montgomery was enrolled an altorncy 
of the courts of Huntingdon County at Novi'mlicr 
term, ISll. He came from Lancaster, and had 
probably been admitted there shortly before that 
date, fie (HMiipieil a pbire at the bar of this county 
for thirty-seven years, yet he never seemed to enter 
into tlie praetice with his whole heart and soul, as 
many a younp man has been known toilo. His name 
appears to almut as many suits as that of any other 
meml)er of the bar, and yet he never appeared to 
have ba<l conrhlrni-e or courage sutlieicnt to fry a case 
without as^ista':re from some of his liiitbicii ol' the 

seemed to grow upon him. A lady from Lancaster, 
of much intelligence, who knew him m bis youth, 
often spoke of him in tlic kindest terms. She repre- 
sented bini as a young gi-ntleman who had no taste or 
inclination for the -study or the practice of the law, 
but his friends and relatives persuaded or forced him 
into it; that they were proud and influential people, 
and believed that the road to honor and wealth and 
distinction led right through the legal profession. 
This woidd no ihmbt account for much in his history 
that might otherwise be a mystery, and it shows at 
the same time the error of forcing young men into 
avocations udiich are not congenial to their natures. 

As a lawyer, Mr. Montgomery never attained much 
eminence. If he ever had any ambition it led in a 
different direction. For such a man the bar had no 
attractions, and his whole nature would have to un- 
dergo a change before he could prove a success. He 
was a most amiable and inoftensive man, and the 
charcter of his mind could be read in his finely-chis- 
eled countenance by any one who had the firintest 
conceiition of physiognomy. In person he was tall 
and well jiroportioned, approximating six feet in 
height, and perfectly erect to the last. In politeness 
he was unexcelled by Chesterfield himself, and the 
young man who was studying that master could well 
afford to lay him aside and learn from the living ex- 
ample. His complexion was pallid to a degree ap- 
proacliing wliitciu-ss, and his hair was abundant and 
of a bright silvery hue, but seemed in harmony with 
the entire eoniposition of the man; and although 
he would have changed his hair to any color rather 
than have it white in his early years, he seemed proud 
of it in liis iid\anced years, and would habitually run 
his fingers through it and over it with apparent satis- 

He was a bachelor, and lived not by himself, but at 
some tavern during term time, and often spent liis va- 
cations with the farmers on the "Branch," and par- 
ticularly with the Norrises, wdiom he esteemed very 
highly. His favorite beverage was buttermilk, and 
some of the fanners' wives and daughters whom he 
visited nicknamed him " I'.uttermilk Tommv." He 

is luxury with so much politeness and 
ucb a relish that it was a pleasure to 
, to s:iy noibing of the flattery which 
,ntlic-iftandtln-:iver. Manvofthe 


He never was a candidate for any oflice, and never 
meddled in politics any further than to vote for his 
friends, irrespective of party, and to do all he could 
for his favorites without traducing opposing candi- 

He had many go<id traits. He had a good lieart 
and a contented mind, and he had none of that sel- 
fishness which is so common in b.achelors in advanced 
life. He died at the house of his old friend, Jac<d) 
Miller, after a short illness, on Christmas-day, 
LS48. He left no heirs to dispute about his estate, and 
no estate to dispute about. Soon after his death a far- 
out relative inquired "what estate the late Mr. Mont- 
gomery had left," and looked disappointed when he 
was told that the late Mr. Montgomery died his own 
administrator. The members of the bar, at the in- 
stance and suggestion of Messrs. C'remer and Petrikin, 
put up tombstones to mark his grave, near the south- 
western corner of the cemetery. He was born in 1785, 
and died Dec. 25, 1848, aged sixty-three years. 

Mention will now be made of President Judges 
Huston, Burnside, and Woodward, followed by the 
members of the bar who flourished while these judges 
occupied seats on the bench. 

Charles Huston was admitted to practice in the 
several courts of Huntingdon County in August, 170G, 
on motion of Jonathan Walker. He had been ad- 
mitted one year before in Lycoming County, which 
was then a new county, formed out of part of old 
Northumberland. Mr. Huston had a large practice 
as a land lawyer here and in his own and other coun- 
ties until 1818, when he was appointed to the presi- 
dent judgeship of this district by Governor Find- 
lay. He succeeded Jonathan Walker. The district 
was the same in which he had practiced, composed of 
the counties of Bedford, Huntingdon, Jlifflin, North- 
umberland, and Lycoming, and by that time it had 
become populous, and the lists of causes in each 
county were large, and he held adjourned courts fre- 
quently. He maintained the dignity of the court, and 
made examples of several disorderly persons in this 
county. Among others were the following: In 1820 
a man was sent to jail for three hours for saying to a 
prisoner on trial for murder, in the hearing of other 



^zl ;i juror 
capable of 

his .•,,,11 

iii— i 

.11 ._-X|.il' 

■.1 ill ls4:,. 


his r 


11 .'xpinMl. 


five v.M 

>, wl 

■n..l.l a. 

vlia.l l.liii 

t.'.l his niin.l aii.leii- 


lis 1.. 

.Iv, lie u 

r..l,- hi- 1,. 

.k ,iilitl,.l •■ Hu>t..n 

on I,.N 

lislicl i 

of Ian. 1 

1 Tit 


. Ti„-1 

...k i-th.^i 

i," which was pub- .-oiiiph.te history 

but lt~, 
di.l n..t 

Hi. .11 wa 
up toll 

. .I,'lay,-.| t 
.■ ,-X|..M-|a 

h.iis of th.. autlior's 


-11.11 ]■.■. 

.h'.l ill r, 

•llffunte during his 

In |.,T< 

|>, ai 
.11 ii 

1 aft.Tu till t 
II aii.l at 

le time of his death, 
letic, and possessed 

His character as a. jurist is well known to Pennsyl- 
vania lawyers, especially to those of advanced age, 
and it is unnecessary to dwell further upon it. In 
early life he determined to master the law, and how 
well he succeeded is fully attested by the record of 
his riper years. 

Thomas Burnside was a resident of Bellefonte, 
where he had settled down in his early manhood, 
having come from one of the eastern counties of the 
fstate. He was of Irish descent, but of his parentage 
and boyhood little i- kii..wn. He was admitted as an 
attorney at at April term, 1804, and con- 
tinued to attend the courts of the county and had a 
considerable practice until August term, 1826, when 
he was a[>pointed president judge of the Fourth 
.ludicial District, composed of the counties of Centre, 
Clearlicid, Mitilin, and Huntingdon, and afterwards, 
when Clinton County was erected, it was added to the 
district. H \ I ippointed bv Governor bhulze to 
succeed .1 il Huston «ho hid been ipp nnted to 
the Hupremt L jurt in the precedin \| ril 

Prior to his appointment as )u L I hill een an 
active politician in tlie Democrat | iit\ In ISlo 
he was ekcti 1 t > ( n le s it i sj ec U de ti n in the 


1^^ hJ 

rict .-..inp.isc.l of the counties of Huntingdon, Cen- 
."\Iillliii, ('i.Nuiicld, and McKean, In 1824 he was 
■tc.l to th.. Stiitc Senate from the Thirteenth Dis- 
t,'.l ..f l.y.v.inin-. Centre, Clearfield, Mc- 
111, an. I l' 11.- was .•li.isen Speaker of the 
ate, ami tlllc.l the chair until the commencement 


Judge Burnside succeeded Judge Huston on the 
bench of the Common Pleas and also on the bench of 
the Supreme Court, and stepped into his shoes in 18:2(1 
and again in 1845, being his immediate successor in 
both instances. In 1841 he resigned his judgeshiji 
here, and Governor Porter appointed him to another 
in Montgomery County, and George W. Woodward 
was appointed his successor in this district. On the 
2d of January, 1845, Judge IJuniside was appointed a 
judge of the Supreme Court, and he served in that 
capacity until the time of his death in March, lS"il. 
Hewas succeeded in that court by Judge George \V. 

As a Common Pleas judge, he was regarded as able, 
upright, and impartial, and he administered equal and 
exact justice between man and man, and as a criminal 
judge he was a terror to evil-doers. But he had no 
printed rules regulating the practice in liis courts. 
He had a few rules which he carried in his head or 
in a private book, and a few rules or standing; nnlers 
were scattered through the dockets, and but irw i>f 
the attorneys knew anything of them. I'lic liii-iiie.-.s 
in this county accumulated to sucli a dru rrr tli.ii ~uits 
could rarely be reached and tried insidi' nf iwo years 
from the time of their institution. His opinions in 
the Supreme Court were generally brief and pointed. 

In manner he was rude and blunt. His personal 
appearance, too, was against him, and he did not 
seem to care about improving it by dress or toilet. 

He died on the 25th of March, 1851, much la- 
mented by his numerous friends and by the legal 
profession in general. 

George W. Woodward once adorned the judicial ' 
bench of Huntingdon County. He succeeded Thomas 
Burnside in April, 1841, as president judge of the 
Fourth Judicial District, composed of (lie Cdunfiesof 
Huntingdon, MitHin, Centre, Clearth-ld, and Clinton. 
He was regarded as one of the best judi:.- a|ip'iinted 
by Governor Porter. The Fourth Judicial District 
was at that time the largest and most burdensome 
one in the State, and the pending cases had accumu- 
lated to such an extent that the delay occasioned 
thereby amounted almost to a denial of justice. 

At the time of his appointment Judge Woodward 
was a practicing attorney at Wilkesbarre, Luzerne i 
Co. He had been a member of the Constitutional 
Convention of 1837-38, and although he was one of 
the youngest members of that body, he soon gained ' 
the honorable distinction of a leader of his party in 
that connection, and attracted considerable attention 
throughout the State by the clearness and ability 
which characterized his speeches. ) 

In 1845 he was nominated for United States sena- i 
tor, and was defeated by Simon Cameron. In De- i 
cember of the same year President Polk appointed 
him judge of the Supreme Court of the United States, 
but the Senate rejected him. 

While his nomination was pending before the , 
Senate a meeting of the Huntingdon bar was con- 

vened, without distinction of party, and resolutions 
were adopted urgini,' his confirmation. Two of the 
resoluth.ns were as lull,,ws: " 1st. That the Hunting- 
don Ijar entertains the kindest recollections of the 
character and example of the Hon. G. W. Woodward 
while lie was with us, no less for his civic virtues 
than for liis judicial firmness and amenity. 2d. That 
from our knowledge of the man we confidently as- 
sure the profession throughout the United States that 
the recent appointment has added to the bench of the 
Supreme (Juurt a jurist, a scholar, and a gentleman 
who will fully sustain the reputation of the high tri- 
liunal of wliich he is now a mendier." 

He appeared to liave a tide of ill luck .against him 
in 1,S4-'), but in 1852 he was chosen to the Supreme 
Court of Pennsylvania, and served a iidl term of fif- 
teen years, endinn- in ist;; as chief justice. After- 
wards he was twice elected to Congress from the Lu- 
zerne district, and was au able and prominent mem- 
ber of that body. 

His last public position was that of a delegate to 
the late Constitutional Convention which Irameil the 
present Constitution of the State, his first and his 
last public position being tliat of a framer of Consti- 
tutions for his native State. 

Judge Woodward held his first court in this county 
in April, 1841. At that time he was tall and slender, 
measuring more than six feet in height, and very erect, 
with high forehead and blue eyes, evincing depth of 
thought, and his whole countenance and manner de- 
noted more than ordinary intellect and firmness. He 
remained here only one year. 

Judge Woodward died at Rome, Italy, in May, 
1875, while sojourning in that far-oft' country. 

JoHS Blanchard was a resident of Bellefimte. 
He was admitted an attorney in this county at April 
term, 1815. He had been admitted at York, Pa., on 
the 31st of March of that year. He was an Eastern 
man, reared and educated in New England, a gradu- 
ate of Yale College, and thoroughly imbued with 
Puritanical principles. 

He located in Bellefonte wdiile yet a young man, 
and secured a good practice in Centre County and 
soon extended it into adjoining counties. For many 
years he was an attendant upon our courts, and par- 
ticipated in most of the important trials that took 
place here. He was one of Robert Campbell's attor- 
neys in the case of the Commonwealth against him 
for libel upon Governor Porter. His colleagues in 
that case were Samuel Alexander, of Carlisle, and 
John G. Miles, of Huntingdon. 

Mr. Blanchard had all his life been an opponent of 
the Democratic party. He had grown gray in that 
opposition. No wonder, therefore, that he should in 
1844 receive the unanimous nomination of the Whig 
party for Congress. The district was composed of the 
counties of Centre, Huntingdon, Mifflin, and Juniata, 
every county being represented. Tlie conference 
nominated him by acclamation. .Tohii G. Miles, who 


Wi\s his brutlier-in-law, had many friends in this 
county, and tlie conferees from this county would 
have voted for liis nomination, but he declined in 
favor of Mr. lilaiichard, thus making a sacrifice which 
not many men are willing to make. Dr. Joseph Hen- 
derson, of .MifHin County, was his competitor. Hunt- 
ingdon CiiuMty gave Mr. IJlanchard a majority of 
thirteen hundred and thirty-one, and he carried the 
district by three hundred and ninety-six majority. la 
184G, Mr. Blanchard was again nominated and elected 
to Congress over A. P. Wilson, of Huntingdon. 

Mr. Blanchard was not noted for much speaking in 
Congress, although he was not entirely silent. He 
made a speech upon the tarifT question which at- 
tracted considerable attention at the time. His voice 
was feeble, but his fellow-members soon discovered 
that there was something in him, and they gathered 
around him to hear what he had to say. His speech 
on that occasion abounded in wit and humor, as well 
as ill sound and forcible argument, cliaracteri^lic of 
Mr. Blanchard. 

J[r. Blanchard was a man of good talents, but of 
very ordinary personal appearance. He was a long- 
headed and long-fiiced man in a literal and natural 
seii'^e. lie was about five feet eight or nine inches 
high, thin and ]>ale. For a long time he was in ill 
health, and labored under bodily and mental depres- 
sion, but he recovered from this and "was himself 
again." Towards the latter part of his life his voice 
in some measure failed him, but his mind remained 
clear to the last. 

William W. Potter was admitted an attorney of 
the courts of this county on the 10th of August, 1815, 
while Judge Walker still presided. He was a resi- 
dent of Bellefonte, and had been admitted in Centre 
Countv a short time before he became a member of 
the Huntingdon bar. 

He was of very comely and commanding appear- 

of line I'ealurc^-. very black hair, and pleasant adilress. 
1 11^ wri-ht probably appro.ximated two hundred 

1 had a lull practice m Cen- 
>fr-<ioiial engagements fre- 

<aUMs. and he bee 
•r. H>- "ften indul 

son, of Huntingdon, a popular politician in what 
was then denominated the Democratic Anti-Masonic 
|iarty, the regular nominee of that party. John Ash- 
man, of Three Springs, was also a candidate, being 

i nominated by a small party on what they were pleased 
to call " the People's ticket." The vote stood in this 
county: For Potter, 1793 ; for Williamson, 1922 ; and 
for Ashman, 181. Mr. Potter had a majority in the 
district. His first term in Congress proved satisfac- 
tory to his part}', and in 1838 he was again nominated 
and elected by a small majority over James Irvin, of 
Centre County. 

\ He died in 1839, and a special election was held in 
November of that year to (511 his unexpired term, 
when George McCuUoch was elected. 

At August sessions, 1839, the famous prosecution of 
Robert Campbell for libel was tried. The alleged 
libel was a letter written by the defendant, Campbell, 
the successor of Porter in the prothonotary's office, to 
Xer Middlesworth, a prominent politician of Union 
County, in March, 1838, while Porter was a candidate 
for Governor, charging that Porter, the prosecutor, 
was discharged as an insolvent debtor in 1819, and that 
he afterwards, while in charge of the records, purloined 
the schedule of his property, debts, etc. As already 
stated in the preceding sketch, the defendant v, as 
represented by Miles, Alexander, and Blanchard. 
Governor Porter had employed and brought here 
George W. Barton, of Philadelphia, and Mr. Potter to 
assist Alexander Gwin, the prosecuting attorney. Mr. 
Barton was noted for his eloquence and ability as a 

t lawyer. After the evidence was all in he commenced 

I the opening argument for the commonwealth, and 
spoke for four hours, pouring out a perfect torrent of 
declamation, and after Messrs. Alexander and Blan- 
chard argued the case of the defense with their usual 
ability, Mr. Potter made the concluding speech for 
the prosecution with such consummateskill and power, 
and with aglow of eloquence and a vigor of logic that 
tntally eclipsed his city colleague, and left him to the 
~mall honors of a tin trumpet sound as compared 
with the clear bugle blasts of Mr. Potter. The argu- 
miiit> ill this exciting case were doubtless the grand- 
est display of oratory ever exhibited in this county. 
Mr. I'.'ttrr was then in good health and spirits, and 
app:irrnily in the full vigor of manhood, but was 
striikin down suddenly before another court was held 

.Iami.s (?i-eel was born on the l.'lth of January, 
IT'.iij. Alter he grew to a proper age he was sent to 
the siliiiiil under the tutorship of Rev. John John- 
ston, where he le:iriied to read Latin, — how little or 
how iiiueh i> not kii.iwii, nor is it now material to 
know. He wa- a smart boy, such as in common par- 
lance at ihi- day uould be called " fast," and was full 
of mischievous but not malicious tricks. His father, 
William Steel, held the offices of prothonotary and 
i-lcrk of the courts, and James, while yet a lad, was 
put in as clerk and afterwards as deputv, and did 



good service in the offices. His father also kept a 
store and a tavern, and the boy, or young man, as 
they would now say, had fine opportunities of extend- ' 
ing his acquaintance and developing his character, 
and he improved them. | 

At times the father would become impatient with j 
the son and rebuke him for his waywardness, and 
threaten to " bind him out to a trade," and upon one 
occasion actually took him by the arm and was 
leading liim to the shop of David Snyder, a hatter, 
to bind him an apprentice to learn that art and 1 
trade. But while on the way by the merest accident j 
they met Robert Allison, a gentleman who knew 
James and liked him. Upon being made acquainted 
with the mission on which they had started, Mr. 
Allison interposed and said, " Gen. Steel, let me have 
the boy, and I will make a lawyer of him." The 
father thought it hardly worth while,— the boy would 
not have application enough, — but finally consented 
to let him try it. After the usual course of study he 
was duly examined and admitted, on motion of his 
preceptor, on the 18th of August, 1818. He was well 
qualified to practice. He was in himself a book of legal 
forms. Having been clerk in the office of the county i 
commissioners and in the office of an attorney of ex- 
tensive and varied practice, and clerk in the prothono- 
tary's and register and recorder's ofiices, he was famil- 
iar with all the legal forms, and being at the same time 
an excellent and expert penman, he proved to be one of 
the best of scriveners. His professional business con- 
sisted chiefly in Orphans' Court practice and scriven- 
ing. He had a memory, too, that enabled him to refer 
to ])recedents in the courts and in the offices of the 
county, — an endowment which will save a vast amount 
of perplexing trouble and time in the preparation of 
legal documents. In the course of his long practice 
he was counsel for the county commissioners for many 
years, and counsel for .Sheriff's James Henderson, 
Thomas Lloyd, and Joseph Higgins, and perhaps 
others, and made as few mistakes as any other man 
who ever acted in those capacities. He was always 
regarded as a safe counselor. 

By some means he acquired the name of major, and 
was better known by that title than by his Christian 
name. In fact, almost every prominent citizen of the 
town and county at that time was the happy pos- 
sessor of some military title, but many of them could 
not show a commission conferring that distinction. 

Maj. Steel had all the elements of popularity 
within himself. He was generous to a fault, frank, 
truthful, warm-hearted. ea.sily accessible, and con- 
fiding. He was, moreover, full of good nature, wit, 
and humor, fond of cracking jokes, and he told anec- 
dotes with a great deal of vim and zest. 

The first record we have of his political or official 
life is in 1819, one year after his admission to the bar, 
when he was elected county auditor over Conrad 
Buclier. In 1827 he was elected county commis- 
sioner over John Owens. In the early part of 1839, 

Governor Ritner a|>pninte(l him prothonotary before 
he left the executive chair, and the incoming Gov- 
ernor (Porter) appointed John Cresswell to the same 
office. Many similar appointments were made by 
the outgoing and the incoming Governors, and when 
the question was taken into court Porter's appoint- 
ments were sustained. The Constitution of 1838 had 
just become operative, and this question as to the 
appointing power grew out of a section in it. Mr. 
Steel was ousted, and the office was given to John 
Cresswell. In the fall of the same year (1839) the 
same two gentlemen were candidates for the same 
office, nominees of tlieir resjiective parties, the office 
having become elective, and Steel was elected over 
Cresswell by a vote of 2321 to 2159. He served out 
his third term till December, 1848. 

He was more than six feet liigh, thin in flesh, his 
eyes were gray and searching, his fiice always clean 
shaved, without whiskers, and his hair well set, but 
gray, and his general demeanor was gentlemanly, 
polite, and affidjie. 

In iiis early years he manifested some wildness, 
but in the flower of manhood he was converted and 
joined the Methodist Episcopal communion, and be- 
came an exemplary Christian. In or about the year 
1834 he married Miss Eliza Rothrock, of Bellefonte, 
a Methodist lady, whom he met at a camp-meeting 
some time before. Their home soon became the head- 
quarters of the circuit preachers, and the major and 
his good lady were noted for their generous hospi- 
tality. Many amusing stories could be told about 
Maj. Steel, but space will not permit. However, one 
little pious anecdote of which he was the subject 
must be mentioned. The old Steel family were " Cov- 
enanters," and were not pleased that the major had 
i left the faith of his fathers and joined the Methodist 
Church. Soon after he joined the church he visited 
j his uncle, Alexander Steel, in the country, who asked 
I him to conduct the family worship, which was accord- 
j ingly done. The next morning his uncle said to him, 
; " Well, Jeems, you made a pretty good prayer, but it 
was wonderfully scattered." 

He never practiced outside of his own county, 
never traveled much except to camp-meetings and 
1 conferences. He was domestic in his habits and 
tastes and of high social qualities, and took great 
j interest in the cause of temperance and moral reform. 
He died at his residence in Huntingdon on the 26th 
j day of December, 1868, aged seventy-two years, "re- 
tiring in the hope of a glorious resurrection." 

John G. Miles was a member of the Huntingdon 
County bar in active practice for about fifty years. 
He was admitted on the 15th of August, 1821, and 
continued in practice till about the year 1871. He 
also attended the courts in Centre, Cambria, and 
Blair Counties, and had a large and hicrativc prac- 
tice down to the date of his retirement from the bar. 
He resided in Huntingdon during all this time, and 
' was a highly-respected citizen and well known 



tlirnUL'li'iiit tlir county. He was a close student, an 
iMiiu-tii'.u< piartitioner, and expended a great di-al 
of iahor in tin- iireparation of his cases as well as in 
the trial of them. From July 31, 1837, George Tay- 
li>r laftcrwards judge) was in partn«-ship with Mr. 
Miles in the practice of law until August, 1843, when 
ilr. Taylor retired and William Dorris, Jr., took his 
])l:icf, and the law firm continued to be Miles & 
Durris until November, 1872, the date of Mr. Miles' 
retirement and removal to Peoria, 111. 

He was not a politician, but adopted the Anti- 
Masonic and Whig doctrines in early life, and ad- 
lurcil to them unwaveringly, and in 1856 naturally 
gli.hd into the Republican party with the body of 
the WhiL' party in the North. He was always very 
decided in his political convictions and preferences. 
In 1S4II his ].arty, without any solicitation ou his 
jiart, ncjminated him for the lower branch of the 
State Legislature and elected him. He received one 
hundred and twenty-two votes more than Joseph 
Higgins. his colleague, and was elected over his i 
highest competitor by more than a thousand majority. 
The next year there was one of those strange period- 
ical revulsions, and he and his colleague were de- 
feated by small majorities. In 1843 he was a member 
of the State Committee of his party. 

Jlr. Miles was strictly honest in politics as well as I 
in all things else. In 18ot! he was chairman of the I 
Kepublican County Committee, and conducted the 
first Re])ublican campaign in the county, that of 
Fremont cs. Buchanan and Fillmore. At the end of 
a vigorous campaign he had some of the funds left 
which had been furnished by the State Committee, 
which he actually paid over to that committee. This 
may appear incredible to moder;i politicians, and es- 
[lecially to chairmen of county committees, but it is 
nevertheless true ; he rendered an account of his dis- 
linrsements, and accomjjanied it with the cash on 
hand all tlie same as if he had been under bonds to 

cnngre->innal aspirants as the following: In 1>;44 he 
was the cboici- of his party in the county t'nr Cm- 
gri-~s. and the conferees were instructed for him. but 

.n and w; 
1 e fi-..i 

Harrisbuii; at the endol tlu- h^.u-ishil i v ,• >c-~iun. Mr. 
Miles met with a serious accident, and narr..wly es- 
caped a sudden and awful death. It was |,nbli-licd 
in some of the newspapers that lie was so scvirdy in- 
jured that he -urvivcd but a few moments. He was 
traveling in a |iackcl-l")at. .ind in entering a Jock a 
sudden iar tliivw liini into the lock, where he was 
caught between tli.^ walls of the lock and the railing 
of the bnat and -liovd or rnlled by the progress of 
the linal. The preseiii'e of mind ajid the activity of 

continue a life of usefulness. Thus he was one of the 
k-K who are permitted to live long enough to see 
their own death announced in the newspapers. 

He was the attorney of the late Dr. Peter Shoen- 
berger, who also appointed him one of his executors. 
Mr. Miles became the acting executor of that large 
estate, and devoted much time and attention to the 
settlement of it. The late firm of Miles & Dorris were 
the resident counsel and attorneys for the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad Company, and served the company 
faithfully and well. 

Mr. Miles was born March 13, 1797, in Centre 
County, and died at the residence of his son. Dr. B. 
Fullerton Miles, in Peoria, III., on the 27th of Sep- 
tember, 1877, in the eighty-first year of his age. His 
remains were brought to Huntingdon. A massive 
granite rock, weighing eight thousand pounds, marks 
the spot in the cemetery where his dust is mingled 
with that of the earth. 

AVgustu^ K. Corsyx was a native of Perry 
County, Pa. He came to Huntingdon in the spring 
or summer of 1840, prospecting for a good place to 
locate, etc., and then returned to New Bloomfield 
until September, when he made his second appear- 
ance here and opened an office in McCahan's Row 
(now Cunningham's), and published a card announc- 
ing that he and Isaac Fisher, of Lewistown, were in 
partnership in the practice of law in Huntingdon. 

He was admitted to practice at Huntingdon on the 
9th of November, 1840. The partnership announced 
did not continue long, for in December, 1840, Mr. 
Cornyn changed his advertisement, and he was doing 
business alone in the same place; and Mr. Fisher 
moved his office from Lewistown to Huntingdon in 
December, 1843, and entered into partnershi]) with 
John Williamson. 

In January, 1842, .Air. Cornyn married Miss Ellen 
Anderson, si.ster of John P. Anderson, of Hunt- 
ingdon, but she died in October of the same year. 
In September, 1850, he again married, this time a 
Miss Jacobs, of Harrisburg, and soon afterwards re- 
moved toChambersburg, where he opened a law-office, 
and remained till he died some years later. 

During his residence in Huntingdon he was an 
active politician in the Whig party, and took a 
lively interest in the contest between James Irvin 
and George McCuUoch, for Congre-ss, as well as in 
subsequent i)olitical contests. In 1848 he received 
the nomination for Assembly, and was elected over 
Kohert F. Haslet by a majority of three hundred and 
forty-six. In 1849 he was again nominated for the 
same office, and elected over David Duff by a ma- 
jority of five hundred and fifty-nine votes. In both 
these years he made vigorous campaigns, and ad- 
ilressed a number of large meetings in various parts 
of the county. He was a fluent speaker, possessed of 
a good deal of wit and humor, and spoke with force 
and effect. At times he was quite eloquent. 

In persiin. Mr. Cornyn was tall and slender, and of 



prepossessing appearance. He was fond of dress and 
gilt buttons and parade. He had acquired the title 
colonel by election, — colonel of militia, — and was 
elated with it. 

It was through his influence that the Twenty-fourth 
Judicial District was created, and Judge Taylor ap- 
pointed to preside over it. 

Bartox McMulles" was a native of Pennsylvania. 
He was born at Mexico, or its vicinity, in Cumber- 
land (now Juniata) County, in the year 1796. He 
was educated in MifHin County, and studied law 
with Elias W. Hale, a very prominent and excellent 
lawyer of that place. Mr. McMuUen was admitted 
to the bar at Huntingdon on the '.Ith ..f April, \^T2. 
He had been admitted in Lewistown a short time be- 
fore, and ]irobably opened an office there, but he set- 
tled in Huntingdon soon after his admission here 
and ojiened an otiice, and immediately entered into a 
good practice, and continued in it for about six con- 
secutive years. His professional career was short but 
brilliant. That insidious destroyer, consumption, 
seized uimii him as a victim, and after the usual 
changes wliicli inspire flattering hopes and depressing 
fears he linally succumbed on the 20th of March, 
1828, at the age of thirty-two years. 

He had been married but a few years to Elizabeth, 
daughter of Patrick Gwin, one of the early and often- 
elected sheriffs of the county, and sister of James 
Gwin, afterwards one of the associate judges, and of 
Alexander Gwin, a member of the bar at a later 
period. He had but two children, a son and a 
daughter. The latter is still living. Tlie daughter 
married John Arniitage, who was sheriff, and after- 
wards a member of the bar. She is the mother of 
George Barton Armitage, a member of the bar. 

Mr. McMidlen never held any public office nor 
coveted any. His ambition seemed to lead him to 
seek eminence at the bar, and in no other direction. 

Isaac Fisher was a native of the State of Dela- 
ware, and studied law and was admitted there while 
yet a young man. From thence he traveled over a 
large portion of the country, and especially through 
the Southern States of the Union, wdiere he became 
thoroughly disgusted with the arrogance and self-im- 
portance of the slave-holders as a class, and with the 
iniquities of the institution of slavery. He finally 
settled in Pennsylvania. He was admitted to the 
bar at Huntingdon on the 11th of April, 1822. He 
bad previously been admitted at York and at Lewis- 
town. At the time of his admission at Huntingdon 
he was a resident of Lewistown, and continued there 
until the year 1843, when he removed to Hunting- 
don and opened an office, and was for some years 
associated with John Williamson, in the law busi- 

Mr. Fisher was a dignified and aristocratic-looking 
personage, not over five feet ten inches in height, but 
with an unusually large abdomen, caused by the com- 
bined influence of a tremendous appetite, a seden- 

tary life, and consummate gastronomic abilities. So 
much was this reservoir in his way that he coidil not 
stoop to pick anything ott'the ground, and, moreover, 
it seemed to be a burden to all the members of the 
body, es|)ecially to the lower limbs. The contour of 
his head and the features of his face were also very 
striking. His organs of vein r:ilii)ii were poorly de- 
veloped, his perceptive r:ieiillii-, were lull, lii^ lore- 
head projected over blur or liLiiit-L:r:iy eyes, |ir(]ti'(ied 
by heavy brows, his nose somewhat hooked, month 
large and slightly drawn to one side. His tempera- 
ment, as phrenologists would say, was that in wliich 
the bilious predominated, combined with the lym- 
phatic. His language was pure and elegant, his 
erinneiati<in clear, and his style forcible and em- 

He never had a very full practice, and this enabled 
him to make the most out of every case, and to take 
every case wdiich he lost in the Common Pleas, if in 
the least doubtful, to the Supreme Court, where he 
reversed many cases; He was not fond of authorities, 
at least not of modern ones, preferring to rest his 
cases upon general principles and the opinions of the 
sages of the woolsack and powdered wig. 

Some years before he took up his residence in 
I Huntingdon he wrote a book entitled " Charles 
! Ball," somewhat in the style of a novel or romance, 
his hero being a slave, and the incidents narrated 
those which the author had picked up while travel- 
ing or sojourning in the South. Only a small edition 
was printed, and it is difficult to obtain a copy of it 
now. In this effort as an author he was more than a 
quarter of a century ahead of the times in which he 
lived. A third of a century later his book might 
have been as popular as " Uncle Tom's Cabin." 

Mr. Fisher was an intellectual combatant who 
rarely failed to command respect and admiration. 
With his full and imposing figure and resolute face, 
his severe logic, his correct syntax, in short, with his 
weighty person and his weighty words, he was always 
forcible and impressive whenever he addressed a 
court, a jury, or a public assembly. 

He departed this life in August, 18.58, at an ad- 
I vanced age. 

James M. Bell was a native of that part of Hunt- 
ingdon County which now forms the county of Blair. 
He was the son of Edward Bell, one of the pioneers 
of the upper Juniata. He was educated in Hunting- 
don, and studied law with Robert Allison. He 
was admitted to the bar on the 10th of August, 1824, 
went to Bedford, and remained there a few months, 
then returned and opened an office in Huntingdon, 
and continued to practice till the year 1845, when, in 
anticipation of the erection of Blair County, he re- 
moved to Hollidaysburg and made investments there, 
built a fine mansion, and entered into the banking 
business, and made the place his permanent home. 

In person, Mr. Bell was about five feet ten inches 
in height and well proportioned, (|uite athletic, with 


broad, smooth face and open countenance, black hair, 
wliich he lost in early manhood, large, black, rolling 
eyes, betokening a restless spirit and indomitable 
energy. He was a man of attractive personal appear- 
ance and decidedly talented. When he spoke in 
public his whole body was in motion, his hands 
making gestures, and his voice full and clear. He 
was a man of acknowledged genius and indescribable 
verbiage. His writings as well'as his speeches all had 
the same verbosity of style, which often made him 
ajipear tedious and uninteresting. He had a strong 
sense of justice, and despised everything that was low 
and mean; always addressed himself to the mind and 
conscience, never to prejudice and passion. He was 
an extremely eccentric character. He was an able 
lawyer, and could readily see the strong and the weak 
liiiints in cases, and seize upon them and make the 
most out of them notwithstanding his laborious and 
verbose style. His chief power consisted in his ability 
to seize upon the salient points of a case and fix the 
attention firmly upon them. From 1835 till the close 
of his professional career he was retained in nearly 
all the important cases in the courts in this county, 
and accumulated some wealth by his practice. He 
did not rise very rapidly at the bar for the first two 
or three years after his admission, but he was ap- 
pointed prosecuting attorney for the county in 1827, 
and then rose rapidly in his profe.ssion, proving him- 
self a careful, industrious, and efficient prosecuting 
officer for the commonwealth. 

In 18.38, Mr. Bell was nnniiiiati.l to fill tlie unex- 
]iired senatorial term of David K. Porter, who had 
been nominated for Governor. The senatorial district 
was a double one, entitled to two senators, and em- 
braced the counties of Huntingdon, Mifflin, Juniata, 
Perry, and Union. Mr. Bell had the largest vote in 
the county, a majority of one thousand and forty- 
seven, and two hundred and eighty-tour majority in 
the district. It is needless to say that he became a 
]>roiiiineiit and influential member of the Senate. 

Sinnc time alter going into the business of banking 
in llnlHrhiy-buri; he engaged in the same business 
luir. and Martr.l the l.anki\igdi.iuse of Bell. Garrctt- 
s.,ii .^ ('.,., wlii.-h finally grew int.. the Fii.t Xati,.nal 
Bank, ..f which he was Irnni it> n,-ani/,a- 
tioli until his .l.'ath, which t.H.k pla.-r na ihr llh of 
.Tune. 1^7", at his r.-idmrr in Il,,lli,hiy-h,ir-. 

1;..i;i:ki \Va ij.a.'i:. -The tlr-t auihcntir a.rount 
that «c haMM.flhi- -cnth.niaii is that he wa- a srhool- 

wanlsadmitlcdtnthr h:.r at 1 1 iiiilin-dnn ..„ th,' 
of .laniiary, 1 mV,. ilr lia.l prrvioiisly h.-cn adn 
to the Miiliiii County har. Ilr appear- t.. ha\ 
(piiivdaiiood shan-ofthr l.u-in.-s i„ rouri i„ a 
time attcr his adiui-Mon ,„ Hui,t.i,-don. 

He Hiairic.l a Mi- llrmphill, and rrar.d a f 
in lluntiic.'.lon. So„u' tiiuc altrr ls::i; h,- i„ov 
CIcaiiicId Conntv. where he till the til 

his death. His wife died there also many years ago. 
He wa.s the honored father of William A. Wallace, 
who was for twelve years State senator and United 
States senator for six years. 

Robert Wallace was a man of small stature, below- 
medium size, of an honest, open countenance, and 
of a cordial and sincere disposition. He was proud 
of his social and political standing, and frank and un- 
reserved in the ordinary intercourse of life. 

He was also a man of some consequence as a poli- 
tician in the Democratic party. For a while he owned 
and edited a newspaper, and editors are generally 
looked upon as leaders. He was appointed prosecut- 
ing attorney under Attorney-General George M. Dal- 
las, during the administration of Governor Wolf, and 
bore the honor with becoming dignity. 

Mr. Wallace was an Irishman by birth, and of the 
Protestant faith. He lived to the ripe age of eighty- 
three years, and died on the 2d of January, l.S7."i, at 
Wallaceton, Clearfield Co., Pa. 

AxDREW Porter Wilsox was born two miles 
from Roxbury, Lurgan township, Franklin Co., Pa., 
on the 13th day of June, 1806. He was the son of 
Charles Wilson and Sarah, his wife, of that county. 
He graduated at Jefferson College in 1823, and en- 
tered the law-office of George B. Porter, of Lancaster, 
studied with him about two years, after which he went 
to Litchfield, Conn., where he attended the law school 
under Judge Gould. In April, 1826, he was examined 
publicly by a committee of the bar in Litchfield, in 
the presence of the whole bar of the county, where 
no one could be admitted without a vote of two-thirds 
of the lawyers who attended the examination. The 
vote of the bar was unanimous for his admission, 
and on the 5th of April, 1826, he was admitted in 
the Superior Court of the State of Connecticut as a 
lawyer entitled to practice. He returned to Lan- 
caster, and was admitted there in the spring of the 
same year. In 1828, through the influence of his 
cousin, David II. Porter, and others, Attorney-General 
Calvin Blythe appointed him his deputy for Hunting- 
don County, and thus commissioned he came to Hunt- 
ingdon, and was admitted to the bar on the 16tli of 
April, 1828, from which time his citizenship in Hunt- 
ingdon County maybe dated. Mr. Wilson at once 
entered upon a successful career of practice, wliicli 
was uninterrupted through a period of about thirty- 
five years, running <lown to about the year l.sii3, when 
he retired from active practice. During all this time 
he never hail a law partner except lor a few years at 
the ilo>c ,,1 hi- career, when he had associated with 
him lii,~ Irh'ud and former student, R. Bruce Petrikin, 
w ho -till occupies the same office which was occupied 
by Mr. Wilson during the whole time of his practice. 
The I. ronis of the court show how extensively he was 
lUiployi'd in these thirty-live years in the active pur- 
suit .if hi-— His name appears to more 
-uits .luring that time tluui that of any other attorney 


His arguments indicated a lack of metliod. Tliere 
was no systematic arrangement in them. They were 
rambling and unstudied, never concise and pithy. 
He was not quite so verbose nor as roundabout in his 
speeches as bis contemporary, Mr. Bell. Neither of 
them had studied or practiced the arts and graces of 
oratory with any degree of success. 

Mr. Wilson was not in the county many years until 
he was chosen a military leader and had the title and 
epaulets of a general bestowed upon him, and thence- 
forth he was known by the popular name of Gen. 

In 1837 he was a candidate for Assembly, and ran 
forty-one votes ahead of his colleague on the ticket, 
but was beaten two hundred and ten votes. In 1840 
he was again a candidate on the Democratic ticket, 
his party having nominated him for Congress. He 
was defeated by James Irvin. In 1846 he was again 
nominated for Congress, and was defeated by John 
Blanehard. This result disappointed the hopes of 
Mr. Wilson, and he never was a candidate after- 

Although Mr. Wilson had a full and lucrative 
practice, he engaged in other business from time to 
time, especially in carrying mails, in stage-lines, and 
in transportation companies. He was fond of horses 
and kept many very good ones, and his fondness for 
riding and driving blooded horses continued unabated 
till the close of his life ; and at the time of his death 
he had several fine specimens of them, and was rear- 
ing colts to keep up a full supply. 

Mr. Wilson was an Episcopalian, and contributed 
liberally to that church, and attended its ministra- 
tions. He also held a pew in the Presbyterian Church, 
and attended it in the absence of service in his own. 
He was a gentleman of fine personal appearance, of 
good social qualities, polite and agreeable in manners 
and conversation, fond of dress, and quite a beau. 
He never married, but for many years he kept house, 
first having an elderly aunt to act as matron, and 
after her death a youthful niece doing the honors of 
the household. He accumulated an estate worth 
some sixty or seventy thousand dollars, and died in- 

An illness which was not deemed dangerous at first, 
under which he lingered for some months without 
much apparent suffering, finally terminated in his 
death, at his mansion in Huntingdon, on the 28th of 
February, 1871, aged sixty-four years, eight months, 
and fifteen days. 

Alexander Gwin was born in the borouj^li of 
Huntingdon on the 29th of December, isd?. He 
received a collegiate education, graduated at Dickin- 
son College, Carlisle, and afterwards studied law in 
the otBce of Robert Allison, and was admitted to the 
bar on the '.Ith of November, 1830. His father, Pat- 
rick (Jwiii, had been sheriff of the county for several 
terms, ulttriiatiiig with John Patton, and had an ex- 
tensive acquaintance and influence throughout the 

county. Mr. Gwin came to the bar under highly 
favorable circumstances, and immediately entered 
u[)on a practice, for which he was well qualified by 
education and habits, but the business committed to 
his care was chiefly that of his immediate family con- 
nections and friends. On account of distaste for the 
legal profession, or some other cause, he divided his 
time and attention between politics and the law, 
seemingly with a preference for the former. Conse- 
quently in 1834 we find him at the head of a Demo- 
cratic newspaper. The Hnnfini/ddii Gazette, advocating 
the election of Henry A. Muhlenberg for Governor. 
Mr. Gwin was not disheartened by the defeat of his 
candidate, but renewed his efforts as an editor for 
several years, and as a politician till the close of his 
life, and became more celebrated as a political leader 
than as a lawyer. 

In 1839 he was appointed prosecuting attorney for 
the county, an office which he filled for three years. 
This office he held at August term, 1840, when he 
conducted the prosecution of Robert McConaughy for 
the murder of the Brown family, the most exciting 
case that was ever tried in the county. In this trial 
he was assisted by George Taylor, then a young 
attorney (afterwards judge), and they both distin- 
guished themselves by the arguments they made for 
the commonwealth. Mr. Gwin, although a plain, 
matter-of-fact man, who eschewed everything like 
rhetorical flourishes, made a powerful speech against 
the prisoner, which called forth the admiration of the 
audience. It was the concluding argument in the 
case, and was overwhelming to the prisoner. 

His whole course as a prosecuting officer was 
marked by a serene severity and the strictest regard 
for the interests of the commonwealth. He discharged 
the duties of his office without fear, favor, or aftection, 
and thus became a terror to evil-doers and a " praise 
to them that do well." Political excitement ran high 
and wild at that period of the history of our county, 
and at one of the courts the grand jury to whom a 
bill had been sent charging some offense growing out 
of the violation of the election laws returned it in- 
dorsed " ignoramus, and that Alexander Gwin, prose- 
cuting attorney, pay the costs," etc. Judge Burnside 
remonstrated, explained the law on the subject of im- 
posing costs upon officers of the law, but tlie jury 
were firm, and would not move from their position. 
Mr. Gwin stood apparently unmoved. Judge Burn- 
side, turning to him, asked whether he had any other 
bills to lay before the grand jury, when Mr. Gwin 
]iromptly replied, "I have no more business for this 
grand jury !" Thereupon the grand jury was dis- 
charged, and the remaining bills were held over to 
the next sessions for another grand jury. Mr. Gwin 
never had any trouble with grand juries afterwards. 

Mr. Gwin had much to do with the distracting 
movement in 1S41, when the Democrats, under a local 
organization known as the Workingmen's party, 
elected a portion of their ticket in the county ; but 



his greatest triumph came off in 1845, when he and 
Henry L. Patterson were elected to the House of 
Kepresentatives over Henry Brewster and Adolphus 
Pattcrsiiii. The members voted for the division of 
the rounty and carried it through the Legishiture, 
but yiv. (iwin retired from iiolitics, and died two vears 

a rem 




•rllial 1' 




He was 




t and j 








Lied fdi'ty years and three months. 
Sami'ei. S. WiiAiniiN wa.s born in tlie vicinity of 
Newton Hamilton, in Mitiiin County, in the year 
1806. He was the son of Henry Wharton, a respect- 
able farmer, who lived to the remarkable age of ninety- 
one years, and died in the year 1873. The subject of 
this sketch was educated in the borough of Hunting- 
don, and afterwards read law in the office of James 
M. Bell, and was on the 13th day of April, 1831, ad- 
mitted to practice. He opened an office in Hunting- 
don, but, in ciimmon with other young attorneys, he 
expericnccil that clients with important causes are shy 
cd' new and inexperienced lawyers and pass by their 
offices on the other side of the way, and without wait- 
ing long he turned his attention to the field of jiolitics, 
so temjiting to young men of ambition under such cir- 
cumstances, and in consequence of this he never had 
a very extensive practice at the bar. He was aftor- 
ward< admitted to tli.' bar in the counties of Mifflin 
and I'.lair, and al-n in the Sujireme Court at Harris- 


tuiH's (hanged and he became one 
;>tul imliticians that we ever had i 



titles were re" 


stepping-stones to 


pr.lrrme.its, a 


ticians availed then 

,,-lve> n 

tl,e-e titles, tb 

e hi 

the grade the grcatc 

the Un> 


Mr. Wliarlnn u 

< appo 

nlrd deputy : 


general tor llinitiriL 

don Cnl 

nty (Ml- pro-r.-i 


torm-v, as tliev w.-r. 


n tli..>,. day>' 1 

.V A 

nev-(:enrralT..,l,l j, 


in ls.->:i, when 1 


.11 an.l r.lair 


formed a represent; 

live dis 

rirt, .Mr. Wliai 


tl..' Win- ti.krt. 1 

,■ wa. ;, 

:uu ;! i^ind'idln, 


ami in is:,;, l.iit wa- 


1. In ISou 1,,.. 


liMimc'd np a^ain a 

d rci'ei 

i-d the noiiiiie 


shaping his course for the congressional nominaticm 
in 18(32, and would in all reasonable pml. ability have 
proved siK'cessful had he lived until that time, but 
lie was suddenly cut off by death before another 
nominating season came around. He died at his 
boarding-house in Huntingdon in the summer of 
18(32, after an illness of only a few days. His corpse 
was removed to the residence of his only surviving 
son, H. S. Wharton, from whence his funeral took 
place. He died " with the harness on," being at the 
time of his death a member of the State Senate and 
a prominent candidate for Congress. 

His personal appearance would attract attention in 
any assembly. He was a fine-looking man, fully si.x 
feet high and of symmetrical form. While in the 
lower branch of the Legislature he was familiarly 
known as " the handsome member," and while in the 
Senate his personal appearance wa.s equally attractive. 
He was attentive to his dress and general personal 
appearance. He died on the 3d of June, 1862, aged 
fifty-six years. 

James Cc.awihui. was a native of West tnwn~hip, 

a farmer and justice of the peace in said town- 
ship. Jaiues, the subject of this brief memoir, was 
born in February, 1809. He received a good educa- 
tion, graduated at Jefferson College, Canonsburg, 
with second honor, read law for the prescribed pericjd, 
and was admitted to the bar at Huntingdon on the 
14tli of .laiinary, 1833, and soon afterwards located 
at Holliday>l.nrg. opened an office, and immediately 
entered upon a successful career of practice in that 
place, which was at that time a small town or village, 
just leaping into importance on account of being des- 
tined to become the connecting link between the 
Pciinsyhania Canal and the Allegheny Portage llail- r].on the completion of that great there. ngh- 
far.- H..llidaysburg beeameaplace noted f.r bii-ine<s, 
ami .■special'ly for law business. :\Ir. Ciinvloid bad 
made a happy selection. He was II. .lliday>l. org's 
fir~t lawyer, ami lived long enough to see it become a 
thriving ti.wn and assume a name and a place upon 
111.' in.ip nt' the State, but not long enough to .see it 
be. '.Hi.' a -rat i.t' justice and have courts of it-s own. 
A> a lawyer, .Mr. Crawford was well read, careful, 
anil till.' as st.el to the interests of his clients. He 
ha. I. fi.r a young lawyer, a good practice. He was a 
man i.t sound common sense, and of tolerable con- 
viT>a(i..iial powers. For strict morality and purity 
of lit.' in ]irivati' and public stations he had no supe-, an.l in the practice of liis profession he lived 
tully up t.. 111.' obligation of his oath to act with all'lily. t.i u-^e no falsehood, nor ilelay any per- 

' ma 

IS Mr. C 

rd were not to be found in 
lid the .■..iintry had a call for such 
■.I him for a while from the narrow 
lly .■online the employment of a 
in a village. .Mr. Crawford was a 



Democrat of the old school, and his party honored 
itself in 1835 by nominating him as their candidate 
for the Legislature, but as there was at that time an 
opposition majority of more than eight hundred in 
the county he was defeated, though he ran more than 
four hundred votes ahead of his colleague on the 
ticket. In 1836 he was again nominated for the same 
office and elected. This was before the division of 
the county was agitated in political circles, and that 
question did not enter into the contest It was the 
personal popularity of Mr. Crawford that carried him 
into office. 

As a member of the Legislature, Mr. Crawford was 
attentive and industrious, always at his post, but he 
was not a talking member. 

He retired to private life and continued to pursue 
his profession. He was in delicate health for some 
years, consumptive, and gradually wasted away. He 
died at the old homestead, above Petersburg, on the 
18th of February, 1840, at the early age of thirty-oue 
years, and was buried at Huntingdon. 

Benjamix R. Stevens. — The memories of few 
men outlive the monumental stone which marks 
their last resting-place on earth, and yet more fleet- 
ing is the memory of him who has not been fortunate 
enough to have an epitaph to be sullied by the ele- 
ments and obliterated by the tooth of Time. The 
memory of the gentleman whose name stands at the 
head of this brief sketch would have thus faded away 
if the meagre facts contained therein had not been 
gathered ten years ago, while some who breathed the 
same air that he breathed were yet in the flesh, for 
now but few are found who knew him or any- 
thing about him. He was a member of the Hunting- 
don bar from about the year 1813 to 1827, but no 
record can be found of his admission. It must, how- 
ever, have been about the year 1813, as his name first 
appears to suits as plaintiff's attorney to. November 
term of that year, and he must have practiced here 
some fourteen or fifteen years. In 1827 his name 
disappears from the records, the last time it occurs 
being at August term of that year. He appeared to 
many suits brought in 1818, and for several years 
later. He was an Eastern man, from one of the 
New England States. In person he was thin and tall, 
of fair complexion, light hair, and regular features. 
Some say he wore a cue, others deny this. Like 
many of his professional cotemporaries, he indulged 
too much in the flowing bowl, which at times im- 
paired his health and usefulness. He married a Miss 
Moore, of Huntingdon, who is said to have been a 
very amiable and excellent lady, and he had a son 
named Nathaniel B. Stevens. After Mr. Stevens 
died his family removed to Connecticut. The date 
of his death is not known, probably 1827 or 1828. 

As a lawyer, Mr. Stevens ranked high. Judge 
Huston is reported to have pronounced him the best 
lawyer in his district. 

Thomas P. Campbell was a native of Hender- 

son townsliip, Huntingdon Co., son of Matthew 
Canipliell; received such education as could be ob- 
tainc(l in tin- cnuntry schools and by persevering 
outsidi' study. He learned the art and mystery of 
printiiiu. in Huntingdon, edited and puMislied the 
first neus|.a|.er printed in Hollidayslmrt;, called the 
Aurofii, disposed of his printing-office, and studied 
law in the oflice of Andrew P. Wilson, in Hunting- 
don, during which time he and George Taylor (after- 
wards judge) edited a Democratic newspaper, pub- 
lished in Huntingdon, entitled the BepubUcaii Advo- 
cate. He was examined, admitted, and sworn in as 
au attorney on the 15th of November, 1836, practiced 
in Huntingdon till about the year 1865, then removed 
with his family to Davenport, Iowa, and remained 
there till he died, on the 6th of February, 1881. 

During all the time that Campbell practiced here 
he was one of the most eloquent speakers at this bar, 
and had a good practice. 

In January, 1839, his personal and political friend, 
Governor Porter, appointed him register and recorder 
in and for Huntingdon County, which offices he filled 
till the general election in October of the same year. 
The offices having become elective under the Consti- 
tution of 1838, he was a candidate for the same in 
the fall of 1839, and was defeated by John Reed, who 
had been his predecessor in the offices. The majority 
against him was only two hundred and eighteen. 

In April, 1842, he was appointed commissioner in 
bankruptcy under the bankrupt law of 1841, and 
served until the law was repealed in 1843. 

In 1851 he was the competitor of Judge Taylor fur 
the office of president judge. 

Mr. Campbell was a Democrat from his youth up 
until 1861, when the war of the Rebellion broke out; 
then he with many prominent members of his party 
became first a war Democrat, and afterwards joined 
the Republican party. 

When the internal revenue law had been passed 
he was appointed assessor for the congressional dis- 
trict composed of the counties of Huntingdon, Blair, 
Cambria, and Mifflin, which office he held for several 
years until he was superceded by the appointment of 
J. Sewell Stewart. 

J. Sewell Stewaet was a native of West town- 
ship, Huntingdon Co., Pa., born on the 1st day of 
May, 1819. He graduated with honor at Allegheny 
College, Meadville, Pa., in 1841, studied law in Hunt- 
ingdon in the office of James Steel, and clerked 
in the prothonotary's office then held by him, and 
was admitted to the bar on the 17th of April, 1843, 
and thenceforth he was actively engaged in the prac- 
tice of his profession. In 1848 he was appointed 
deputy attorney-general (prosecuting attorney) for 
Huntingdon County; and the office being made 
elective and its name changed to that of district 
attorney, he was nominated and elected in 1850 and 
again in 1853, and continued to discharge the duties 
of that office till the Novenber sessions, 1856. 



Mr. Stewart lia.l a ta-tr 
■vhicli he purchased th,- //^ 
;.stablishnient and iiistalh-' 
diair in ISol, and at the ? 
irofessional practice, but h( 

for literature, to indulge 
iiliiiijihrn Journal jirinting 
liiinself in the editorial 
anie time continuing his 
soon wearied of editorial 
felicity, and sold his printing-ofBce the following 
year and again devoted his whole time to practice. 

In 1865 he was appointed xssessor of internal rev- 
enue in the Seventeenth District, composed of the 
counties of Huntingdon, Blair, Cambria, and Somer- 
set, which ollice lie held at the time of his death. 

11 ted 

W. Benedict, as a i 

liartni-r in practice in January, 1806, and in 1867, 
P. M. Lvlh' also became a member of the firm, 
under the name iiF Ijeucdirt, Stewart & Lytic, and 
was ,li.s,,lvc.l ill April .,f that year by the 'death of 
Mr. Benedict. 

As a member of the legal fraternity, Mr. Stewart 
had estal)lished a reputation for .strict honesty, care- 
ful attention to business, and scrupulous fidelity to 
his clients; and as a man and citizen, he was highly 
esteemed. His demeanor was uniformly respectful 
and gentlemanly. He had fine literary taste and a 
poetical turn of mind, and was the author of credit- 
able productions in verse as well as prose. 

He died at his residence, one door west of the 
court-house, in HuntinL'don, on the morning of the 
6tli of February, 1.S71, in the fifty-second year of his 

John P. Axdeesox was the son of A. A. .Vnder- 
son, a prominent member of thebarof Miltlin • ouiity. 
Pa. He was born at Lewistown on the 2litli day of 
.January, 1 sis. He studied law in Huntingdon under 
the ilirertion of J, George Miles, and was admitted 
to the bar at Huntingdon on tlie 9th of March, 1838. 

Mr. Anderson had been an active politician even 
before his admission to the bar, and had rendered 
considerable service to the Democratic party, and 
especially to David R. Porter in his senatorial and 
gubernatorial campaigns, and in 1839 he was ap- 
])ointod iiroscciiting attorney for Alleghenv Oountv 
aii.l .liMri.'l allnniev ,.l' lli,'. fnited States tbr the 
Western DiMrirt ..f l^■nn^vl vania. 

The followin- extract lioin an article in a Demo- 
cratii' newspaper, aniiMiinciiiu' his apjioinfment to the 
above otlices. will -erve !■> show the esteem in which 
Mr. An. lei-., n was held l,y his personal and political 

'■M.-ij. ,\ndrr-.n i-. .-i vniinL' gentleman of superior 
mind, of fine IrL'nl and literary attainments, and 
great eticriry nl .harniler, yet firm and dignified, and 
his eli"|Ueiiee is a rich combination of logic and wit. 

Numerous other Democratic newspapers of the day 
were teeming with highly flattering enconiiiinis upon 
.Mr. An.ler>/.ii. whu Inid'tliiis been pn,vi<le.l h,r uitli 
two - 1 ,>Hie..sHl ,,nee. 

y\\. .Vieh'r.un retired the i^raetice ,,f tin- law 
soon after he was thmu-h with these otlices, but he 

did not retire from politics. He was appointed super- 
visor on the Pennsylvania Canal while it yet belonged 
to the State. He ama.ssed a large fortune. He died 
at his residence in Huntingdon on the 10th of Feb- 
ruary, 1862, aged forty-four years and fifteen days. 

Adix W. Benedict was a native of the State of 
New York. His father. Rev. Joel Benedict, was a 
Presbyterian minister, who moved from Norwalk, 
Conn., to Orange County, N. Y'., where the subject of 
this sketch was born on the 29th of January, 1808. 
His mother's maiden name was Currance Wheeler. 
He was brought up and educated in Orange County 
in the common brandies then taught in country 
schools, and was afterwards placed under the instruc- 
tion of the Messrs. Harper Brothers in New York 
City to learn the art, trade, and mystery of letter- 
press printing. In 1830 he married Miss Ann E. 
Ross, of New Y'ork, and subsequently went to Phila- 
delphia with his youthful wife, where he entered into 
partnership with John Boyle, also a printer, in a book 
and job printing office, under the firm-name of Boyle 
& Benedict, and remained in that business and in that 
firm until September, 1835, when he removed with 
his family to Huntingdon, where he started the Jour- 
luil, ill the name of A. W. Benedict & Co., the "Co." 
being his Philadelphia partner, John Boyle. In April, 
IS.'W, Mr. Benedict exchanged his interest in the Phil- 
adelphia establishment for that of his partner in 
Huntingdon. Mr. Benedict then continued sole edi- 
tor and publisher of the Journal until February, 1842, 
when he sold the establishment to T. H. Cremer. 

In 1836, Mr. Benedict was appointed collector of 
tolls at Huntingdon by the canal commissioners, and 
he continued in that office until the close of Governor 
Ritner's administration, in January, 1839. 

.\fter Mr. Benedict disposed of his printing estab- 
lishment he entered the office of Messrs. Bell & Orbi- 
soti as a Law student, at the age of thirty-four years, 
and was admitted to the bar on the 9th of April, 1S44. 
In 1843, while yet a student, he was appointed by the 
court a county commissioner, to fill a vacancy occa- 
sioned by the death of Robert Moore, of the borough 
of Huntingdon. 

Mr. Benedict had the faculty of speech well devel- 
oped while yet a resident of Philadelphia, where he 
often spoke at political meetings and other popular 
assemblages, and he kept up this habit in Hunting- 
don, and took the stump in the several political cam- 
paigns, especially in the Presidential caniiiaign of 
1840, which resulted in the election of Gen. Harrison. 
He was a good debater, and an expert and able writer, 
and these qualities served him well when he came to 
the liar, and he soon glided into a remunerative prac- 

In ls4i; the nomination for member of the Legis- 
lature was tendered to him by the Whig party of the 
eoiiiuy in convention assembled, but he promptly 
declined it on the spot in a neat little speech ; but in 


he accepted the nomination and was elected. Prior 
to that date he held the responsible position of deputy 
secretary of the commonwealth during Governor 
Johnston's administration, and that seemed to give 
him a taste for office, and he sought the Legislature 
as member or clerk to gratify that taste. He was 
successful, and served during one session as member 
and during several as chief clerk, which latter office 
he held at the time of his death, which occurred on 
the 28th of April, 1867. 

Mr. Benedict was a gentleman of medium size, well- 
proportioned form, possessed a good deal of muscular 
power, blue eyes, brown hair, which turned gray pre- 
maturely, and a profuse beard, which became snowy 
white during his residence at Harrisburg while deputy 
Secretary of the State, and continued so to the time of 
his death. He was affable and easily accessible, and 
very popular as an officer. While clerk of the House 
of Represenatives, the Democratic members mani- 
fested their appreciation of him by publicly present- 
ing to him a gold-headed cane, with appropriate in- 
scriptions engraved upon it. This generous gift was 
highly prized by him, and is carefully preserved by 
his widow and family as an heirloom. 

Mr. Benedict had excellent opportunities to become 
wealthy, but did not improve them. He never accu- 
mulated any property or means until he became 
deputy Secretary of State. After that date he became 
more economical and acquired a considerable estate, 
real and personal. He always lived well, was gener- 
ous to a fault and hospitable, and took pleasure in 
entertaining his numerous friends, and was held in 
great esteem by all who knew him, and those who 
knew him best esteemed him most. He died at his 
home in Huntingdon, after a brief illness, in the 
sixtieth year of his age. 

John Reed was born in the vicinity of Reedville, 
Mifflin Co., Pa., on the 22d day of June, 1793. While 
yet a child his parents removed to Huntingdon County, 
to the neighborhood of McAlevy's fort, his mother 
carrying him over the mountain on horseback. He 
received such schooling as the country at that time 
afforded, and when grown up to manhood he traveled 
to the western part of the State and sojourned for 
a while in Washington and Allegheny Counties. He 
returned to his adopted county and taught school at 
various points in Huntingdon and adjoining counties. 
He also learned the occupation of a miller, and had 
charge of various mills at different times, among them 
one at McAlevy's fort, and another at Alexandria, 
and his time was divided between attending mills and 
teaching schools till the year 1836, when Governor 
Ritner appointed him register and recorder and clerk 
of the Orphans' Court of Huntingdon County to suc- 
ceed David R. Porter. Until this time he had never 
held any office except that of county auditor, to 
which he was elected in 1831. In 1840 he was one of 
the Presidential electors of Pennsylvania, and cast 
his vote for Gen. Harrison, at Harrisburg. Mr. Reed 

discharged the duties of the office of register and re- 
cordrr and clerk of the Orphans' Court with entire 
sati>larti.iii to the public until 1839, when David R. 
Porter, who had been elected Governor, appointed 
Thomas P. Campbell in his stead ; but at the 
general election in 1839, under the new provisions 
in the amended Constitution of 1838, Mr. Reed was 
elected over Mr. Campbell. Upon the expiration of 
his term in 1842, Mr. Reed was again elected to the 
same offices. Atthe end of this term, in 1845, he com- 
menced the study of the law under the instruction of 
David Blair, and was admitted to the bar on the 
17th of April, 1848, when he was nearly fifty-five 
years of age. He opened an office in Huntingdon, 
and at once entered upon a good Orphans' Court prac- 
tice. His long experience in the register's office and as 
clerk in the Orphans' Court qualified him well for tlie 
business, and his extensive acquaintance throughout 
the county and his fidelity to his duty were the means 
of bringing him a practice in the Orphans' Court 
such as would have required the labor and persever- 
ance of a young man for years to have acquired. Mr. 
Reed was a well-known and well-tried man, and every 
one who knew him would trust his all to him. He 
was counsel for the county commissioners for several 
years, and proved a safe and good counselor. 

Mr. Reed stood nearly head and shoulders higher 
than any other member of the Huntingdon bar ex- 
cept Jas. Steel, who was but little lower than lie. Mr. 
Reed was thin and straight as well as tall, and some 
rude and impudent boat-boys called him the "shot- 
tower," because he had given them some wholesome 
admonition which they did not relish. He was un- 
obtrusive, always civil and pleasing in manner and 
edifying in conversation. He was fond of mathe- 
matics and spent much time in solving problems for 
amusement, — a good way to keep a man in his office 
when he has nothing special to do to keep him there. 

In all his avocations, whether as a school-teacher, 
a miller, a public officer, a private citizen, a lawyer, 
or as a Christian, he was always honest in the dis- 
charge of all his duties. He died at tlie residence of 
his son, William D. Reed, near Huntingdon, on the 
26th of March, 1868, in the seventy-fifth year of his 
age. Taking Mr. Reed all in all, we shall never look 
upon his like again. 

MoRDECAl B. Massey was born in Barree town- 
ship, Huntingdon Co., on the 18th of October, 1835, 
the son of Robert Massey; went to school at Pine 
Grove, Centre Co., and graduated from Jefferson Col- 
lege, Canonsburg, Washington Co., Pa., in 1857, 
with second honor in the largest class ever grad- 
uated from that institution ; studied law in the office 
of Messrs. Montgomery & Gibson, in Washington, 
Pa., and was admitted to the bar at that place in or 
about the year 1860. He then returned to his father's 
in Barree township, married Miss Maggie Hunter, of 
Petersburg, in 1864, and remained among his rela- 
tives and friends until tlie 14th of Xovenfoer (jf that 


year, when lie was adiiiitled to the bar at Hunting- 
don. He purchased Andrew P. Wilson's law library, 
and entered into partnership witli R. Bruce Petrikin, 
and some time after that M. .M. .McNeil was taken 
into the firm. 

As a member of llic le-al [in.fession, .Mr. Ma.ssey 

in-, and was faithful alike to the court ami to his 

Mr. Massey was afflicted with a lingering bronchial 
affection, which increased in severity until he finally 
succumbed and fell a victim to it. In the winter of 
1870-76 he went to Florida, where he remained until 
spring, when he returned considerably improved in 
health, and he intended to spend the next winter in 
Florida also, but when the winter set in he was too 
much enfeebled to undertake the journey. 

Jlr. Massey was a sportsman as well as a lawyer, 
an excellent shot, fond of hunting in the mountains, 
and was very successful in shooting deer and other 
large game, never troubling smaller game than squir- 
rels, of which he bagged many. At the time of his 
death he had one of his rooms carpeted with deer- 
skins tanned with the hair on. 

He took a deep interest in scientific subjects and 
bestowed considerable attention upon them. He vis- 
ited the Centennial f^xhibition in Philadelphia twice, 
and examined all the guns that were on exhibition 
there, and closely inspected other products of the arts 
and sciences, and appeared to understand them better 
tlian the mass of visitors to that famous display of 
the products of the nations. 

:Mr. Massey contributed several well-written articles 
on gunnery and other scientific subjects to the S'porls- 
mnn, a periodical publication of wide circulation, the 
name of wliich has since been changed to Forest and 

Mr. JIassey died at his residence in Huntingdon 
on the 13th day of March, 1877, aged forty-one years, 
four months, and twenty-three days, and being a 
member of Mount Moriah Lodge, No. 800, A. Y.M., 

Hexuy T. \Vh 

(n(jw Oneida), on 
tinxdon. He was 

8tii of February, ISCii. 

The subject "of this 

of .Tune, \'<X',. was c.lii 

liis attention to p^ 

West towi 

out live miles from Hiin- 
if Henry White, and liis 
^ F.-tlier Ramsey, a full 
1. 'ilHuntingdon. Henry 
her of George D. White, 
lip Pierpont, Ya., on the 

lir was born on the 24tli 

if the 
:i Milk 

years. Mr. White served out his term, but he was in 
very delicate health, and died within two years after 
the expiration of his term of oftice, and in less than 
four years after his admission to the bar. 

He was sober and industrious, and had the confi- 
dence of the people, and gave promise of great use- 
fulness at the bar and as a citizen, but these bright 
prospects and fond hopes were all cut off by his early 
death. He died of consumption on the 11th of Sep- 
tember, 1863, aged thirty years, two months, and eigh- 
teen days. 

J. H. O. CORBIX was born in CassviUe in July, 
1838, and was educated at the Seminary at that place, 
studied law in the office of Messrs. Scott & Brown, in 
Huntingdon, was admitted to the bar on the l-lth of 
November, 18.59, and in the fall of 1862 he was nomi- 
nated by the Republican party for district attorney, and 
was elected over R. M. Speer, his Democratic com- 
petitor, who had then been at the bar less than three 
years, the two candidates having been admitted on 
the same day, and both being natives of Ciissville, 
and of about the same age. 

Mr. Corbin was a young man of fine talents, and 
possessed many good qualities of head and heart. He 
was clever and generous and popular, and was 
making his way up at the bar. 

Abraham S. Wilson made his first appearance in 
the courts of this county on the 13th of Aii-ust, ls22. 
He was a native of Mifflin County, atid located at 
Lewistown, where he resided down to the time of his 
death. He was a Democrat, and took a deep interest 
in that old party, and became an active and favorite 
politician before his accession to the bencdi. He held 
the office of prothonotary of Millliii Cnunty for many 
years by appointment, and atterwards was elected to 
the Legislature, and became ipiite prominetit in that 

He was a good lawyer, and had an extensive prac- 
tice. He bestowed much labor upon his cases, and 
tried them well, and was remarkably successful. He 
attended the courts of Huntingdon occasionally, but 
never had much practice here. He had an extensive 
circle of relatives and friends, and he was very much 
given to hospitality, so much so that it kept his ex- 
cliei|Uer in a low condition. 

( lu the L'3d of March, 184:2, Governor Porter sent a 
message to the Senate nominating Abraham S. Wil- 
son judge of the Twentieth Judicial District, com- 
posed of the counties of Huntingdon, Mifflin, and 
Fiiinii. Previous (o that time Huntingdon County 
was ill the Fourth .liidicial District, with Centre, 
Clearlield, Clinton, and Mifflin. Huntingdon and 
Milllin were taken from it, and, together with Union, 
formed the Twentieth District, and Judge Woodward 
continued in the Fourth, and Wilson was appointed 
}Ui\-^y of the Twentieth District, as above stated. On 
the ;;oth of March, 1842, the Senate confirmed his 

Judge Wilson lield no regular term at Huntingdon 



iu April, 1842; his first regular term was held in the 
then new court-house in August of that year. The 
court-house used in Judge Wilson's time was the 
second one in the county. It was torn down in June, ! 
1882, and stood on part of the ground now covered by 
the third court-house erected in the county. The fol- 
lowing is from the Huntingdon Journal o( the 10th of 
August, 1842 : 

"The new (-ourt-honse is now completed, and the courts are holding 
their sessions in it. The public offices are also removeii to the new 
building. All of the rooms are convenient, comfortable, and commo- 
dious. The people generally appear to be well pleased with the new 
building, the whole cost of which is just $9135.20. The lots, together 
with two others, cost $1000. 

'■ Besides this we have a new judge, and when all ' get the hang' of 
the new establishment, we expect matters to move along finely." 

A week later we have the following notice of Judge 
AVilson in the same paper: 

" The Hon. A. S. Wilson has assumed the arduous -Inti".^ nf juvHiideat 
judge of the Twentieth Judicial District, in wliicli ...inlv i~ in- 
cluded. The present is the first regular term at will, h li. h..- |.i.m.I,-.1 
in this county, and we are pleased to say that. s.> l.n ;ls w.. Ii;i\.- l..-.-n 
able to learn the sentiments of otliers, with wliich our own accord, lie 
gives general satisfaction. The judge is a plain, unassuming gentleniiin 
and an able jurist, possessing mildness, deliberateness, and penetration, 
qualities which enable him to arrive at correct and just conclusions." 

All who had the pleasure of an acquaintance with 
Judge Wilson, and were familiar with his manner of 
doing business on the bench, will bear witness to the 
truthfulness of the above. 

In September of the same year (1842) his charge to 
the grand jury at the August sessions was published 
in the Journal and other newspapers in the district. 
It covered four closely-printed columns of the news- 
paper named, and it was conceded on all hands that 
it was an able production, both as to matter and style, 
well defining the duties of grand juries, and impress- 
ing and urging the full and impartial performance by 
them of those duties. 

In 1849 the Twenty-fourth Judicial District was 
formed, and Huntingdon County was placed in it, 
and George Taylor was appointed president judge 
of the new district, and Judge Wilson continued 
to preside over the old Twentieth District, then com- 
posed of the counties of Mifiiin and Union. Our dis- 
trict has remained unchanged from tliat time to the 
present, constituted of the counties of Huntingdon, 
Blair, and Cambria. 

On the bench Judge Wilson was dignified, careful, 
firm, and impartial, courteous and kind to all, espe- 
cially to the younger members of the bar. There was 
a magnetism about him that attracted all towards 
him who came within the circle of his acquaintance. 
The younger members of the bar were strongly at- 
tached to him, and he treated them uniformly with 
kindness and consideration. He was also a favorite 
with the judges of the Supreme Court of the State, 
"a pet," as Isaac Fisher used to say when he found it 
hard to reverse him in that court. We do not say 
that he was a pet of the Supreme Court, or that they 
ever had any pets, but he was personally known to 

all the judges of that court, and they had entire con- 
fidence in his integrity, and reversed him very re- 
luctantly, except for very plain errors. 

In person Judge Wilson was about five feet eight 
or nine inches high, and well proportioned, of fair 
complexion, blue eyes, light brown hair, heavily 
sprinkled with gray in his later years. He was a 
man of fine presence and good conversational powers, 
agreeable in manners, fond of relating anecdotes, of 
which he had a large stock, and he was always an 
entertaining and pleasing companion. 

His business was never so pressing that he could 
not find a few days or weeks each year to devote to 
the healthful and invigorating pastime of hunting 
and fishing, of which he was excessively fond, and 
which aflibrded him many of his most amusing anec- 
dotes and incidents related afterwards. 

He continued to preside in the Twentieth District 
until the time of his decease. A few years before his 
death he received an accidental bodily injury which 
hastened his end. He departed this life some twenty 
years ago, much regretted by his family and numerous 

George Taylor.— The history of those having 
been eminently successful in life, and especially of 
those who have been raised to eminence from hum- 
ble life, is always interesting and instructive. By ex- 
ample it serves to direct while it tends to encourage 
the faltering and desponding to renewed exertions. 
Among those to whom the terms "self-made" and 
"self-taught" peculiarly apply is Judge Taylor. 
He was a native of Chester County, Pa., born at 
Oxford, in that county, on the 20th of November, 
1812. He was the fourth child of Matthew Taylor 
and Rebecca, his wife, whose maiden name was An- 
derson. He could, no doubt, trace his family through 
a " long pedigree of toil" in his native county and per- 
haps far back into the mother-country. Like Benja- 
min Franklin, whose ancestors for generation after 
generation were the blacksmiths of Eaton, he could 
trace his back and find that his father was an humble 
and honest blacksmith of Oxford, and that through a 
long line of ancestors the anvil and the hammer were 
the family ensigns, and not the lap-board and the 
shears, as the name might indicate. His father had 
a large family and limited means, and consequently 
he was aff'orded few facilities for acquiring even the 
rudiments of an education. While he was a boy he 
assisted his father in the shop, and while thus en- 
gaged met with a very serious misfortune, a fragment 
of iron or steel striking and lodging in one of his 
eyes, from which he suffered severely. His eye was 
disfigured, and he wore blue or green spectacles to 
conceal it. It was frequently remarked, however, 
that he could see more with one eye than most per- 
sons could see with two. 

He was not at any school or other institution of 
learning after he was thirteen years of age. But 
several years of his early life were profitably occupied 


in teaching a country scliool in tliis county. During 
tliis period he diligently availed himself of all the 
means of inii)rovement within his reach, greatly in- 
<'rease(l hi'* scanty stock of Icnowledge, and in the 
<|iiiet seclusion of his rural home, unnoticed by those 
around hiiu, laid the foundation of liis future success. 
While thus engaged he wrote to David R. Porter, 
prothonotary of Huntiuirdnn ('ounty, offering his 
services as a clerk, and I\Ir. INjrter was so well pleased 
with the tenor and penmanship of the letter that he 
took him into his employ. For one destined for the 
bar there is no better school than a well-ordered pro- 
thonotary 's office. In 1834 he commenced reading 
law in the office of Andrew P. Wilson, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar on the l'2t\\ of April, l^i.'Hii. He 
was then in his twenty-fnurtli year. liunyaMt with 
•energy and youthful ho]>u, i>resi>nt and past difficul- 
ties were forgotten in the anticipation of future suc- 
cess, and, a.s has been .said of another, the horoscope 
of his destiny gleamed before his young eyes in gol- 
den colors. Soon after his admi.ssion he gave promise 
of success in his profession, and by his masterly 
•efforts in a number of important cases he acquired 
an early reputation as an able lawyer and advocate. 

In 1840 he assisted in the prosecution of Robert 
McConaughy, who was tried in this county for the 
murder of the Brown family, in Shirley township. 
The case was one entirely of circumstantial evidence, 
and in a speech of matchless eloquence, in a clear, 
logical analysis of the facts, he so traced the murderer 
through all his windings, and so fastened the evidence 
■of his guilt upon him, that there was no escape. The 
writer has frequently conversed with the able counsel 
of the prisoner as to the effect of that argument, and 
they said it was perfectly electrical and overwhelm- 
ing, that the jury, the judges, and the audience were 
so completely carried away with it that any attempt 
at a defense seemed to be useless, and conviction fol- 
lowe.1 im-vit; '['\t\- was nnc.f the L'rcatcst efforts 
<)f his prolrs-iunal lifr. 

In the pnisi'ditiiiii ot' the Flanigans for n)urder in 
■C'amliria ('oiiiity hr made another three or four hours' 
speech in Kclialf of the commonwealth, which 
said to be .as jiowcrtiil as the arirument in tlie Mc- 
■CJonaughy case, and compared favorably with it in for- 
ensic eloquence. 

At the lime of these trials, an<l for some time after- 
wards, lie was in partnership with John G. Miles 
in the pr.'ictice of the law, under the firm-name of 
Miles & Taylor. 

In October, 1.S4;;. he was elected treasurer of the 
county, and served a term of two years. I )uriug this 
time he had almost abandoned the law, had retired 
from the firm of Miles & Taylor, and was preparing 
himself for the Presbyterian ministry. During these 
two years he nuide such progress in studying Greek 
that he could read the New Testament in the original 
tongue. But he returned to the law, and never en- 
tered the ministry. 

Judge Taylor was an exceedingly careful man in all 
his literary eflforts. His words were all appropriate, 
carefully selected, plainly and neatly written, and 

I clearly and distinctly uttered, and his penmanship 

, was characterized by the utmost degree of precision. 
Every word, syllable, and letter wa.s plainly written and 
exactly, in its proper place, every " i" dotted and every 
"t" crossed, and his orthography and punctuation 
were faultless. All his writings were executed with 
as much care as if they had been intended for the 

1 " public eye." And his pronunciation and articula- 
lation in public and private discourse were models 
worthy of imitation, and his emphasis was very ener- 
getic and impressive. 

In 1835, while a law student, he was also editing a 
Democratic newspai)er, and his careful habit of writ- 
ing was no doubt cultivated, if not acquired, wdiile 
\>'riting for the press, well knowing that his editorials 
would be extensively read and closely and severely 

Early in life he adopted a rule which every young 
man would do well to practice upon, — that everything 
that is worth doing at all is worth doing well. And 
this rule he carried into his professional business, and 
whatever cases he had he prepared thoroughly and 
tried well, taking pains first to make himself perfectly 
acquainted with the facts and the law of each case ; 
and thus he acquired more reputation in a few years 
than a careless or indolent man could acquire in a 

, lifetime of threescore and ten. 

Thus in the thirteen years of his ]iractice he had 
acquired an enviable reputation as a lawyer. During 
all the time that he practiced the bar of his own 
county was crowded with lawyers of ability and emi- 
nence, men of character and experience, some in the 
prime of life, and some in the zenith of their profes- 

' sional course ; and the other counties in the district 
also abounded in able lawyers in full practice. Of 
course, at such a bar no young lawyer could reason- 
ably have expected much pecuniary success, and for 
thirteen years young Taylor struggled onward and 

I upward, with barely profit enough to support himself 
and his family. But to be selected from such a bar to 
)>reside over such a district was a distinction and 
an honor of which any man might well be proud. 
Thenceforth he had a wider field for the exercise 

' of his legal talents, and speedily his fame spread 

j throughout the commonwealth. 

I When the Legislature in 1849 jiassed an act cre- 
ating the Twenty-fourth Judicial District, he was 
recommended almost unanimously by the bar of 
Huntingdon and Blair Counties for the president 
judgeshi]) of the new district, composed of the counties 
of Huntingdon, Blair, and Cambria. In April, 1849, 
Governor Johnson conferred the appointment upon 
him, which was unanimously confirmed by the Sen- 
ate. After the amendment of the Constitution 
making the judiciary elective was adopted, by which 
the commissions of all the judges terminated in De- 



cember, 1851, Judge Taylor was unanimously nomi- 
nated by his party (the Whigs) as a candidate, and 
elected in October of that year. This election brought 
him another commission for ten years. After serving 
the term he was re-elected for another term without 
opposition. During the twenty-two years of his judge- 
ship he faithfully discharged the duties of his office, 
and never, from sickness or any other cause, failed to 
hold the regular terms of court in the district. 

There is probably no other position in life which 
so completely shows and tests the mettle of which hu- 
man nature is composed as that of president judge. 
Its duties are delicate, difficult, and responsible in 
the highest degree. The fortunes and even the lives 
of men are sometimes suspended upon the strength 
or weakness of the presiding judge, and temptations 
beset him on every side to swerve him from the 
straightforward line of duty. Great, terrible, awful 
is the responsibility of the position, and all honor is 
•due to the man wlio can discharge it unawed by fear, 
unseduced by affection or the hope of gain, with no 
prompter but conscience, and no guides but truth and 
law. Judge Taylor was a man of this model. 

He had an intense love of justice, and the nerve 
fearlessly to administer it in the face of all opposi- 
tion, yet he always tempered justice with mercy. 

The judge had a taste for agricultural and horti- 
cultural pursuits, and followed them whenever he 
had leisure to do so without neglecting his official 

At the regular term of the Blair County court, whilst 
charging the jury, on the 24th of October, 1871, he 
became so ill that he was obliged to leave the court- 
room. Prompt medical aid gave temporary relief, and 
he expected to resume his duties on the bench on the 
following day; but towards evening he was stricken 
■with paralysis (which he had for a long time dreaded) 
in both his lower limbs, causing entire helplessness 
of body, whilst his mind retained its vigor. He was 
brouglit home on a special train. Notwithstanding 
the efl'urts of skillful physicians and careful nursing 
of his family, he gradually became worse until Tues- 
day morning, November 14th, when, without a strug- 
gle, he gently passed away, at the age of fifty-eight 
years, eleven months, and twenty-one days. 

" Here the reward stands for thee,— a rhief seat 
In Fame's fair sanctuary, where some of old, 
Crown'd with their troubles, now are here enroU'd 
In memory's sacred sweetness to all ages," 

Joseph McCune was appointed and commissioned 
an associate judge in December, 1810, by Governor 
Simon Snyder. He resided in the Frankstown dis- 
trict, now in Blair County, where he had been a jus- 
tice of the peace for about ten years, having been ap- 
pointed by Governor McKean in the year 1800. He 
occupied a seat on the bench from 1810 down to the 
close of 1838, when he resigned in favor of John Ker, 
who was commissioned by Governor Ritner under the 

Constitution of 1790, shortly before it gave place to 
that of 1838. His term was the longest of any in the 
county, e.Kcept that of David Stewart. 

Judge McCune was, at the date of the writer's ac- 
quaintance with him, a very clever old gentleman, 
who was well booked up in the early history of the 
i Juniata Valley, and of Huntingdon County in particu- 
1 lar, and he was very fond of relating the incidents 
connected with the early history of this |iart of the 
State, as well as of the stirring events of the Revolu- 
tionary war. He had a retentive memory and had 
stored it full of interesting facts, which he could call 
forth as occasion required, and this made him an en- 
tertaining and instructive companion. 

He was not a " law judge," but a farmer by occupa- 
j tion and education, owning and tilling a two-hundred- 
acre farm in Frankstown township. 

He was not ambitious for political honors after he 
had a seat upon the bench, but six years earlier, in 
I 1804, he had been elected to the Legislature for one 
I term, which seemed to satisfy his ambition in that 
direction. He was a large and fleshy man, very good- 
natured and friendly to ail, one of those who would 
have hosts of friends and few enemies. 
I Joseph Adams was also a resident of Frankstown 
township when he was appointed an associate judge 
of Huntingdon County. He was first commissioned 
on the 10th of July, 1826, by Governor Shulze, and 
his commission was renewed on the 15th of March, 
1841, by Governor Porter, the term of office having 
beau changed to five years under the Constitution of 
1838, and the Legislature of 1838-39, in classifying 
the associate judges, placed him in the second class, 
whose term of office expired on the 27th of February, 
1841. Having thus been legislated out of office. Gov- 
ernor Porter renewed his commission in March, 1841, 
as above stated, for five years, which continued him 
in office until the county was divided, the division 
leaving him in the new county of Blair. 

Judge Adams was a man of diminutive size, black 
eyes, and regular features. He was well informed and 
well disposed, having more than ordinary intelligence 
and a remarkably retentive memory, and he had a high 
opinion of his own ability, and sometimes transacted 
business in the absence of the president judge, even 
to the trying of ordinary cases in the Quarter Sessions. 
He was a rigid Democrat, and did not deem it out of 
place in him to preside at public meetings of his party, 
or to participate otherwise in its meetings. He was 
at one time in good financial circumstances, but he 
engaged in a transportation company and other busi- 
ness enterprises which brought financial ruin upon 
him, from which he never fully recovered. 

In 1825 he was elected to the lower branch of the 
State Legislature. He and Judge Burnside were ap- 
pointed to seats on the bench about the same time, 
and they always appeared on very intimate and 
friendly terms. 
John Ker succeeded Joseph McCune on the bench 



as associate judge in 18;!S, he being the last of our 
associate judges appointed under tlio Constitution of 
1790. The new or amended (Jonstitutioii required the 
first Legislature convened under it, that of 18:58-39, 
to chissify the associate judges into four classes ac- 
cording to seniority of commission, the oldest e.xpir- 
ing first, and the youngest last. The first Legislature 
did classify the judges, and Judge Ker vva.s placed in 
the fourth class, whose commissions expired on the 
27th of February, 1843. But the next Legislature, 
that of 1839-40, reclassified them, and placed Judge 
Ker in the first class, whose term expired in 1840, and 
Governor Porter appointed and commissioned James 
Gwin to succeed him, who took his seat on the bench 
in April term, 1840. A considerable number of other 
judges were in the same predicament, and a case was 
taken up to the Supreme Court from one of the east- 
ern countii-. iur adjudication and iriade a test case. 
While tlii^ ra-r was pending Judge Ker took courage 
to claim and hold his seat, and at one of the terms 
he dropped into one of the seats just at the moment 
that Judge Gwin was ascending the steps leading to 
the bench, and the novel scene was presented of two 
judges claiming the same seat upon the bench at the 
same time. At the sugge-stion of Judge Burnsidc 
both claimants withdrew from the bench for that term. 
The case in the Supreme Court was decided in favor 
of the appointees of Governor Ritner, and Judge 
Ker served out his term, which ended in 1843. 

Judge Ker was a man above medium size, of fair 
and florid complexion, blue eyes, and brown hair, 
slightly mingled with gray in his later years. He 
was of a very social disposition, afl'able and easy in 
conversation and very courteous, and of the most pure 
an<l correct morality. He was an elder in the Pres- 
byt.riaii ( 'lunch, well booked in ecclesiastical history, 
Will inliininil ill everything concerning Presbyterian- 
pressed ill- sriitiiiH'iils vi.'i-y frcc'lv and intcllinciitlv. 

He rcsi,l,.,l in \Valkur'lowii>'liip, two miles from 
Huntinirdon. His li.imestcad was located upon a 
slight eiiiiiiriuT, coiiiiiianding a view of the surround- 
ing country an. I i)f a ]'ortion of the town. He was 
noted for Ids hnspilalil v. Xothiiii,' delii^-hted him 

welcome i 
"given tc 
He evi, 
ship hoiKi 
after anv 

gravity ami 
the utmost 
register ami 
of Hunlinui 
Judge Ke 

lie his iHinors with bet 
il .li-,l,arged his dull, 
lis lalliei-, William K, 
deleikof the Orphans 
appointed in ls-1. 

as.sociate judge on the 20th of March, 1840. The 
early part of his judicial history is considerably min- 
gled with that of Judge Ker, his immediate prede- 
cessor. He was on the bench but a term or two, when 
the Supreme Court decided that the first Legislature 
convened under the Constitution of 1838, in cla.ssify- 
ing the associate judges, had exhausted the power 
conferred upon it by that instrument, and conse- 
quently no subsequent Legislature could legally dis- 
turb that classification. This decision ousted Judge 
Gwin and reinstated Judge Ker. In 1843, Judge Ker's 
commission expired, and Judge Gwin was again com- 
missioned by Governor Porter, and recommissioned 
in 1848 by Governor Shunk, and he served till 18-51, 
when the judges became elective by the people under 
the constitutional amendment of 1850. 

Judge Gwin was a tall, slender man, of fine features 
and dark hair, which had prematurely turned gray. 
He was dignified and commanding in appearance, 
and would secure the respect of any assembly in 
wdiich he might appear. He was the son of Patrick 
Gwin, who had been elected sheriff of the county 
three times, and brother of Alexander Gwin, a member 
of the bar. He acted for some time as deputy sherifT 
under his father, a good school to acquire business 
knowledge and habits, and he was one of the best 
business men in the county. Previous to his appoint- 
ment to the bench he was in the mercantile business 
in Huntingdon, conducting a general store. 

Being very extensively acquainted throughout the 
county he became tiseful on the bench, es[ieeially 
when the presidentjudge resided out of the euuiity. 

Judge Gwin resided in Huntingdon all his life, and 
was a highly-esteemed citizen. He was elected chief 
burgess of tlie Ixirou'jh three times, — in is;-;; and 
1838 and in 1859. At the time of hi. death he was a 
director of the Fir-t Xath.nal I'.aiik d' lluiitiii-doii. 
He was a momlu'i- of the l're-li\ leriaii t'liureh, and 

November, isii:!. and was at the time of his death 
aged sixty-tliree years, three months, and twcntv-one 

Jiiiix Stew-VET, one of the associate justices of 
Huntingdon County, was born in Dauphin County, 
I'a.. on the 18th of February, 178G. He was not '' to 
the manner born," but we are credibly informed that 
lie "eame to the manor" about the year 1800, when 
II'' was aliout fourteen years of age. Not much is 
known of his early history. In .\pril. 1813, after the 
war was declared under the administration of Presi- 
ileiit :\Iadison against Great Britain, lie was drafted 
into the service of his country. He went from Alex- 
andria. Huntingdon Co., to Erie, starting on the (Jth 
<lay of May of the same year, in Cajit. Morris' com- 



Perry at the celebrated battle of Lake Erie, which 
was fought on the 10th of September, 1813, and ar- 
rived at the bloody scene about an hour after the 
battle was over, and was rejoiced to learn that victory 
had perched upon the American flag. Afterwards he 
was stationed at Fort Maiden, in Upper Canada, a 
fort which has long since fallen into ruins. At or 
about the time of his discharge he was promoted to a 
captaincy, and was commissioned by Governor Simon 
Snyder, and cdiiiinainU'd n company of volunteers 
about fifteen yrnis. So inuch for his military career. 

Capt. John ,'^tcwarl was a Democrat of the old 
school, of the straightest sect, and prominent in his 
parly, probably the most influential man in his town- 
ship for many years. He was always a host within 
himself in that Democratic stronghold, " Old Barree," 
and many of the rank and file looked up to him and 
learned their political lessons from him. Although a 
strong partisan, he never appeared to have any han- 
kering after the spoils of victory, that cohesive jiower 
by which parties are held together, sometimes, more 
than by principle. 

On the 2.3d of March, 184(5, his military title was 
exchanged for a civil one. Capt. Stewart now became 
Judge Stewart. Governor Shunk at that time com- 
missioned him an associate judge of the courts of 
Huntingdon County, and he served out his term of 
five year.s, after which the associate judges were 
elected. On the bench he was attentive, careful, and 
conscientious in the discharge of his duties. 

In person he was tall, large, and well formed, 
and of a fair and sandy complexion ; a man of re- 
markable firmness, pure morals, and good habits; an 
agreeable and entertaining companion, a good neigh- 
bor and good citizen. He departed this life on the 
16th of October, 1861, in the seventy-sixth year of 
his age. He died at his residence on his farm near 
Manor Hill, deeply and sincerely lamented by his 
numerous friends and acquaintances. 

Jonathan McWiLLiAjrs was a native of Spruce 
Creek Valley, Huntingdon Co., Pa., where he re- 
sided from his birth down to within a few years of 
the time of his death. He lepre.sented Huntingdon 
County in the Legislature of the State two sessions, 
having been elected in 184i2 and in 1843, three years 
before the organization of Blair County. He was the 
last associate judge in the county appointed by the 
Governor, his commission being dated the 4th of 
April, 1851. The office having become elective, he 
was elected in the fall of the same year, and served 
out his term, ending in 185G, when he was succeeded 
by Benjamin F. Patton. 

Judge McWilliams was one of the founders of the 
Huntingdon County Agricultural Society, and be- 
came its first jiresident. He took a great interest in 
agriculture, and was a warm and consistent advocate 
of the cause of temperance, as well as of other moral 
reformation and improvement, a man of very gen- 
eral and correct information. In person he was tall. 

slender, and erect. He was un elder in the Presbyte- 
rian Church, anil niaiiiCi-stuil a dn-p inti re-.! in church 
affairs, exemplilyin!;- his prolrssimi by a ('hristian 
walk and conversation. These characteristics shone 
conspicuously in his judicial life. He removed to 
McVeytown, Mifliin Co., in November, ISliG, and 
died at that place on the 2d of September, 1870. 
lie was born in Franklin township on the 3d of June, 
17'.t7, and was at the time of his death aged seventy- 
three years and three months. 

Thomas Finney Stewart, one of the associate 
judges of Huntingdon County, was born in Hanover 
township, Dauphin Co., Pa. His grandfather, Samuel 
Stewart, was born nearGlasgow. irj S.ntlaiid, and emi- 
grated to this country in 1735 with his faiiiily, aiiiuug 
whom was Samuel T. Stewart, an infani, burn in l7-';4, 
who grew ii|i and performed good military servi<-e in the 
Revolutionary war, and became the father ot Thomas 
Finney Stewart, the suljeet >.f this sketch. Thomas 
F.Stewart wa- boni m, the lllh nl A ugnst, 1794. His 
mother's inaiih'ii name was Xaney ( 'alhoun. He was 
only eight years of age when his father died, and nine- 
teen when his mother and family moved to Spruce 
Creek, Centre Co., in 1813. He drove a two-horse 
wagon freighted with the most valuable articles, 
while his mother and his brother David made the 
trip on horseback, and his sister Margaret in the 
stage. His brother William C. had gone there a year 
or more before the family moved. His elder brothers, 
William C. and David, became members of the well- 
known firm of Lyon, Shorb & Co., extensively engaged 
in the manufacture of iron. His sister, Margaret A., 
the youngest of the family, was married to John Lyon 
in July, 1820. Thomas F. Stewart resided on a farm 
on Shaver's Creek, in West township, and pursued the 
business of farming. He was elected an associate 
judge in October, 1851, on the Democratic ticket. 
He moved to Petersburg, where he spent the latter 
years of his life in retirement. 

Judge Stewart was well informed on all ordinary 
subjects, had an extensive acquaintance with the 
people of the upper and middle portions of the 
county, and was therefore well qualified to perform 
the duties devolving upon him as an associate judge. 
His conduct was characterized by uprightness and 
impartiality, and gave general satisfaction. 

He was of Presbyterian ancestry through a long 
line, but in early life he imbibed the faith of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church and united with that 
denomination. He was the only one of the family 
who forsook the faith of his fathers, and he lived a 
consistent Christian life and retained the new faith to 
the end of his days. 

In 1818 he married Mary, daughter of John and 
Nancy Bailey, of Penn's Valley. They had fifteen 
children, seven of whom died in infancy. (Jf the 
remaining eight only five are now (September, 1882) 
living. His widow survived him but a short time, 
and died in ISC.G. 



Judge Thomas F. Stewart was a mau of tine per- 
sonal appearance, a little over medium size, of regular 
features, hair turned gray in his latter years, modest 
and unassuming and pleasant in manner and conver- 
sation. He died at his home in Petersburg on the 
8th of August, 1864, aged seventy years less two days. 

John Brewster was elected an associate judge in 
October, 1856, and served until the time of his death, 
which Qccurred late in the tall of 1859. He was a 
resident of the borough of Shirleysburg at the time 
of his election and at the time of his death, and was 
extensively engaged in the business of tanning. lu 
January, 1840, a great calamity befell him which cast 
a gloom upon him for the remainder of his life. On 
the 2d of January, in the small hours of tiie night, 
his dwelling-house was discovered to be on tire and 
the flames bursting through the roof. His aged 
mother and a grandson aged about six years and a 
female relative of the family all perished in the 
flames. A very deep snow had fallen in the night, 
and the fire had made such fearful progress before it 
was discovered that it was impossible to aid the suf- 
ferers sufHciently to make their escape. 

Judge Brewster had accumulated a large estate, the 
greater portion of which he gave to religious and 
charitable institutions in his lifetime. He was a 
member of the Presbyterian Church, and contributed 
quite liberally to it and institutions connected with 
it. He was a large man, well informed, attentive to 
business, and highly esteemed by all who knew him. 

John Long was appointed an associate judge by 
Governor Packer on the 9th of December, 1859, to 
fill a vacancy occasioned by the death of Judge 
Brewster, and served till the first Monday in Decem- 
ber, 186(1, when he was succeeded by his brother-in- 
law, William B. Leas. 

His father. Christian Long, came from ^Maryland 
to Huntingdon County about the year 17:mi, and was 
call<il to the iiiiiii>ti-y in the German Baptist Church 
in early life, and laln.ivd faithfully until he was called 
hcric." lb- wa- at llic time (if his death a bishop. 


dlowed agri- 
I lie en-a-ed 


stated. l'..r some vear- l.elore his death he liad re- 
tired rr.m, l,usi„e-s. Ill- eoiMiuet diirin- his hnef 
judi.'ial career -ave -eneral saliMaetio,,. lie was an 

held in -reat e-teeiii hy all who knew him. 11.- died 
at hi- h,.M,e in Sliirhvsl.ur- on the loth of Deceni- 

brother-in-law, John Long, who had been appointed 
to fill a vacancy occa.sioned by the death of John 
Brewster, whose term would not have expired until 
December, 1861. Thus we had three associate judges 
within a period of five years, — Brewster for three 
years. Long for one, and Leas for one, — all from Shir- 
leysburg. But Judge Leas was elected for a full term 
and served it out, ending on the first Monday in De- 
cember, 1865, and thus we have a precession of one 
year in the election of our associate judges. 

Judge Leas was in business for nearly fifty years, 
merchandising, farming, and tanning. During this 
time he also served in many of the borough offices 
and as postmaster under several administrations. He 
was also a stockholder and director in the Union 
Bank of Huntingdon. In July, 1871, he, in company 
with Rev. Dr. A. K. Bell and Rev. J. W. Evans, 
started on a tour to Europe, and traveled all through 
England, vScotland, and Ireland and a great portion 
of the Continent. He wrote numerous interesting 
and instructive letters home during his journeyings, 
which were published in the newspa[)ers and exten- 
sively read. 

He accumulated a large estate from the profits of 
his business, which he left to his family after making 
liberal bequests to the Baptist Church, of wdiich he 
was a working member, and to other religious and 
charitable institutions. 

As an associate judge, the duties of his office were 
all discharged with that scrupulous care an<l atten- 
tion which characterized all the social and business 
relations of his life. 

He died very suddenly in the cars on the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad, just after entering them at Mount 
Union, on his way to Huntingdon, on tlie 17th of 
February, 1882, aged seventy years and ten days. He 
was buried at Shirleysburg. 

Next come the living associate and ex-assoeiate 
judges of the county. The oldest ami longest re- 
tired of these is 

BEX.I.4.MIN F. Pattiix, wlio was elected in 18-'')6 
and re-elected in 1861. He was residing in the vil- 
lage of Warrior's Mark at the time of his election, 
wliere he had been a justice of the peace for a num- 
ber of years and also engaged in the mercantile busi- 
n.'ss. After the expiration of his second term he 
removed to Altoona, Blair Co., where he is now living 
at an advanced age. 

AxTHoxY J. Beavei;, of Penn township, was 
elected in 1865 and re-elected in 1870. He had served 
in the Union army, and lost an arm in the war of the 
Pebellion. He had returned but recently, when he 
was nominated by the Republican party and elected. 
He is now engaged in tlie mercantile business at James 
Creek. He is apparently about fifty years of age and 

n Shirley-lau-L' in .\ni:ii-l, bs-.".i. an.! eonlinin.l to 
■eside there till the lime ol hi, deatli; >va- eleeteil an 
issociatc judge in October, bNio, sueeceding his 





taker. He is active and apparently about sixty-five 
years old. He had, previous to liis election as an as- 
sociate judge, served as a justice of the peace and as 
director of the poor. 

Adam Heeter, of Clay township, was elected in 
1875. At the end of his term he retired to his farm, 
in the same township, where he is now engaged in 
farming. In 1S67 he was elected a director of the 
poor. He is about sixty years of age, in good health, 
and active. 

Graffus Miller, of the borough of Hunting- 
don, was elected on the Democratic ticket in 1876, 
and served one term, ending in 1881. He was en- 
gaged in the mercantile business before his election, 
which business he carried on during his term of office, 
and continues yet. He had served a term as sheriff 
of the county from 1856 to 1859. 

John Laporte, of Franklin township, was elected 
in 1880, and is now the senior associate judge in 

Georoe W. Johnston was elected from the bor- 
ough of Huntingdon in 1881, to succeed Judge Mil- 
ler. He held the office of sherifl" of the county from 
1862 to 1865. He also served as jury commissioner 
in 1874 by appointment. He had previously been 
engaged in the mercantile business successively at 
Petersburg and at Huntingdou, and was well qualified 
for the duties devolving upon associate judges. He 
is in his seventy-fourth year. 

Here follow the living members of the bench and 
bar. Limited space will only allow a few lines to 
be devoted to each. The associate judges will be in- 
troduced in the order of their commissions, and the 
attorneys in the order of the date of their admission 
to the bar. 

John Dean, the present able and efficient presi- 
dent judge of the Twenty-fourth Judicial District, 
resides in Hollidaysburg, and as a chapter is devoted 
to the bench and bar of Blair County, no further 
mention is made of him here than to say that he 
is the immediate successor of Judge Taylor, having 
been elected in 1871, and re-elected in 1881. 

John Williamson is the senior living member 
of the Huntingdon County bar. He was born in 
Washington City, D. C. on the 14th of February, ' 
1796. His father was of Scotch and his mother of j 
German descent. He studied law in the office of ■ 
James M. Kelley, in Indiana, Pa., and was admitted I 
to the bar at that place in September, 1819. He was j 
admitted at Huntingdon at April term, 1821, and from 
that time to the present he has been a citizen of 
Huntingdon, where he has been in active practice 
ever since down to about the year 1865, with the ex- i 
ception of the interval of his residence in Washing- j 
ton while in office there. His practice continued j 
through some forty years, during a great portion of 
which time he was concerned in the trial of nearly 
all the criminal cases in the county, generally for the 
defense, and was very successful. ; 

He was not long at the liar till he divided his time 
and attention between law and politirs, and in 1830 
was elected to the lower branch nt' the Stale Legisla- 
ture, with John Blair, over Alexander Dysart and 
Henry Beaver, as a volunteer candidate. 

In 1832 he was a candidate for the State Senate, 
and received 2170 votes in Huntingdon County to 
1650 cast for George McCulloch, his competitor, but 
he was defeated by the other counties in the district, — 
Mifflin, Cambria, and Juniata. 

In 1836 he was a candidate for Congress, and re- 
ceived 1922 votes in the county, while the opposing 
candidate, W. W. Potter, received but 1793. This dis- 
trict, too, was Democratic, and Mr. Williamson was 
defeated by the other counties in it, — Centre and 

In March, 1841, President Harrison appointed him 
recorder of the land office at Washington, in which 
he served till the end of President Tyler's adminis- 

Mr. Williamson is a large man, well formed, of 
fine general appearance, courteous and affable, of 
good conversational powers and general intelligence, 
full of keen wit and humor, and a genial and pleasing 
companion. He can speak the German language, 
and this makes him popular too among the Germans. 
He has often been pressed into service in court as in- 
terpreter when German witnesses had to be examined 
who could neither speak nor understand English. 
He is now (August, 1882) in his eighty-seventh year, 
in a good state of preservation for an octogenarian, 
with his mental powers but little, if any, impaired. 

William P. Orbison ranks next to Mr. William- 
son in point of seniority. He is the son of William 
Orbison, deceased, a former member of the same bar; 
w'as born Nov. 4, 1814, at Huntingdon ; attended the 
Huntingdon Academy, Jefferson College, Canons- 
burg, Pa., where he graduated in September, 1832; 
read law in Huntingdon with the late John G. Miles 
for two years and a half, entered the law school at 
Carlisle, where he remained six months, graduating 
in November, 1835, and was admitted to the bar at 
Carlisle at November term of that year. He then 
returned to Huntingdon, and was admitted to the bar 
on Nov. 12, 1835. In the spring of 1836 he entered 
into partnership with James M. Bell, and continued 
with him until Mr. Bell removed to Hollidaysburg 
in 1845. Mr. Orbison afterwards continued to practice 
by himself. He was president of the First National 
Bank of Huntingdon from 1871 to 1878, succeeding 
James M. Bell. He is now, at the close of the year 
1882, in a good state of preservation. 

David Blair was born in Dublin township, Hunt- 
ingdon Co. ; son of the late John Blair, deceased; 
educated at Washington College, Washington, Pa.; 
studied law in the same place in the office of William 
Baird until he died, and then in tlie office of Messrs. 
Leet & Atchison, and was admitted to the bar of 
Washington Countv in June, 1S36. He was admitted 


tn tlieliar in Iluntingdon on the Sth of .\ii,t;u<t, 1836, 
uml lias practicpd here ever since. 

Mr. lilair was appointed county treasurer three 
tir;irs. in ls:;s, \s:V.), and 1840. In 1S4G he was elected 
a infiiilM-r ol' llie House of Representatives, and re- 
olicted in 1847. He has also been elected to borough 
otiices, such as school director and burgess, and has 
lately vacated the office of chief burgess. 

Theodore H. Ceemer was born at York, Pa., 
March 16, 1817 ; .son of Abraham Creraer and Mary 
M., his wife, whose maiden name was Haller. He 
attended the best private schools and the York County 
Academy before the era of common schools. In 
1837 he read law in his native town in the office of 
Robert J. Fisher (afterwards jiresident judge). In 
183S-39 he read law in the office of James Arm- 
strong, at Williamsport, Pa. In December, 1839, he 
read law and clerked in the prothonotary's office in 
Huntingdon under James Steel, and in the latter 
part of 1840 entered the law school connected with 
Dickinson College, at Carlisle, Pa., and graduated 
with the class of 1841, went to Y'ork, and was ex- 
amined and admitted to the bar there on the 3d of 
August of that year, then returned to Huntingdon, 
and was admitted on the 10th of the same month, 
from which date to the present he has been a resident 
of Huntingdon. 

In 1848 he was elected |ir(.thonotary, and re-elected 
in IS'il. At the end of his second term he resumed 
practice, and has continued at the bar ever since. In 
1856 he was elected district attorney without oppo- 
sition. He has also been honored with the i)nices of 
school director and chief burgess. 

WlLLI.^M DOREIS, only son of William 1 lorris, 
merchant, deceased, was born at Huntirigdcm. nn the 
10th of September, 1822. After prejiaring himself in 
the schools and academy in his native town, he en- 
tered Lafayette College, at Easton, Pa., from which 
lie graduated in September, 1840. He then entered 
the office as a student of Messrs. Miles & Taylor, 
attorneys in full practice in Huntingdon, and after 
the usual course of study was admitted to the bar on 
the loth of August, 1843. During a portion of his 
student life and as a part of his training for the bar 
he clerked in the office »( tin' pr'.ilii, notary, a good 
school in which to accjuirc a kiiowlrdgc nt lci:al busi- 
ness. S<Mjn .•ifter his adnii-ion lie .iiiiMvd into part- 
nershi|i with .lohii <i. !\Iilrs, mic oflii> pri'ccptors, 
takinsr ih.' y\:<rr ..{ .Mr. Tayl.,r, and ilir firm prac- 
ticed und.T the nanicl- Mil.- .V Dnni- Ir tlial 

time until .Mr. Milrs rrniov.d to l',,)ria. 111., aftrr 
wbic-li .Mr. Dnrri- r.,ntinurd tu practi.v at his r.-i- 
dence at llir nurlhwr~t crrurot F,,nrtl. an, I I'cnn 
Streets, within tw.. hun.bvd lr,.t of hi- hirlliplace, 
eversincr. .Mr->i>. .Mil.- ,V D.nri-wrr.' tli.' r.-i.l,iit 

During the war of the Rebellion, in 1862, Mr. 
Dorris was appointed colonel of the Third Regiment 
of Pennsylvania Militia, and served during the 
threatened invasion which was repelled at Antietam. 

JoHX Scott was born at Alexandria, on the 14th 
of July, 1824, and is of Scotch-Irish descent. His 
father, also named John Scott, was a major of volun- 
teers in the war of 1812, and was elected to Congress 
in 1828, in the district composed of the counties of 
Huntingdon, Mifflin, Centre, and Clearfield, and rep- 
resented said district in the Twenty-First Congress. 
His son, the subject of this brief sketch, received such 
an education as the schools of his native village 
afforded, and afterwards .was instructed by private 
teachers in Latin and Greek. 

In 1842 he entered as a student the law office of 
Alexander Thompson, in Chambersburg, and at the 
end of the usual course of study was admitted to 
the bar. He returned to his native county, and was 
admitted to practice in its several courts on the 23d of 
January, 1846, and opening an office in Huntingdon, 
was soon afterwards appointed deputy attorney-gen- 
eral for the county, and discharged the duties of that 
office for several years with marked fidelity and ability. 
He possessed talents of such a high order that he was at 
once recognized as the leader of the Huntingdon bar, 
and ranked with the ablest lawyers in the interior of 
the State. His health failing, in 1853 he visited 
Europe, in company with the elder William Dorris, 
and was much benefited by his trip. 

In 1861, although a Democrat, he was elected to 
the State Legislature without opposition, the county 
being Republican. He was a war Democrat, and 
acted with the Republicans in the organization of the 
ll.iusc. He advocated the re-election of Governor 
Curtiii in 1863, and the re-election of President Lin- 
c.ln in 1864. In the canvass of 1868 betook an active 
part in the support of the Republican ticket, and his 
able arguments before the masses of the people at- 
tracted public attention towards him as a suitable 
successor to Mr. Buckalew in the United States 
Senate, and when the Legislature convened he was 
elected to that important position, and took his seat 
on the 4th of March. 1S60, and served till the end of 
liis term of six years. 

.senatorial career. The reader is referred to the " Con- 
gressional Record" for that, and it will be found that 
the State and nation sutiered no detriment at his 
ban. Is, He fulfilled the pre.lictions of the J'ii>sb)ir,ih 
(i'lyifr at lb.' time of his election: " Being a lawyer 
..f great .Icpth and acute discernment, it may be 
naturally supposed that he will soon take a front rank 
with the foremost in Congress, peculiarly in ques- 
tions involving international law and the interest and 
pr.itci'tion of h.imc manufactures, a subject on whi.di 
he is well inl'.jrnicd and entertains broa.l ami favorable 

L'Ut residing in 


/i< rx ,<ycu-7 /I, 



he lias never severed his connection witli the Hunt- 
ingdon bar. He still owns his former place of resi- 
dence here, and has other interests and associations 
that bring him into our courts occasionally as counsel 
and attorney. He is at present general solicitor for 
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. 

When in full practice in Huntingdon, Mr. Scott 
had associated with him Samuel T. Brown, under the 
finii-Mame of Scott & Brown, and after John M. 
Bailey was admitted to the bar he became a partner, 
and the firm-name was changed to Scott, Brown & 
Bailey. Mr. Scott withdrew from the firm in or about 
the year 1870. 

Robert Bruce Petrikin, the subject of this 
sketch, was horn at Muncy, Lycoming Co., Pa., on 
the 12th day of September, 1826. His father, Wil- 
liam A. Petrikin, was born in Bellefonte, Pa., where 
his paternal grandfather, William Petrikin, a native 
of Scotland, settled in 1798. The maiden name of 
his mother was Margaret Montgomery, the eldest 
daughter of John Montgomery. 

He received his academic education at the academy 
of the Rev. Dr. Shedden, at McEwensville, Pa., and 
completed his collegiate education at Lafayette Col- 
lege, Easton, Pa. 

He soon afterwards removed to Huntingdon, and 
on the 17th day of June, 1847, entered on the study 
of the law in the office of Andrew Porter Wilson, 
then and for many years afterwards an eminent 
and successful lawyer. On the 13th of August, 
1849, he was admitted to practice law in the several 
courts of Huntingdon County, and entered at once 
upon a lucrative practice as a partner with his late 
tutor. Gen. Wilson. From the outset of his profes- 
sional career he was noted for his industry, energy, 
and prolcssional skill. 

At the breaking out of the Rebellion he enlisted as 
a ])rivate soldier, and was elected major of the Fifth 
Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers. He served 
with distinction in the army, and at the expiration of , 
his term of service returned to Huntingdon and re- 
sumed the practice of his profession, to which he has i 
ever since devoted his time and energy. He soon 
afterwards married Mary Pohl, a daughter of Henry [ 
Pohl, of Philadelphia, and the result of this union is 
two daughters and three sons, the eldest of v.lioiu is 
pursuing his studies at Yale College. 

Although elected to the Senate of Pennsylvania in 
the fall of 1870, which position he filled for three 
years, he has not sought or seemed to desire political 
preferment. His term in the Senate was marked by 
a desire on his part to introduce and pass wholesome 
acts, many of which emanating from his pen became 
laws, notably among which was the act establishing 
the fishery system and fishery commission for the 
State of Pennsylvania, the law prohibiting the fre- 
quent changes in school-books, and the law giving 
to laborers, miners, and others a lien for wages. 

He is a gentleman of strong convictions, of pleasant 

and genial manners, and is intensely devoted to his 
friends. He detests ingratitude and infidelity. He 
is a fine scholar and a strong, terse writer. Now 
past the meridian of life, he is in the possession of 
excellent health, and with his ripe experience as a 
lawyer and his love for his books, and with his well- 
stored and well-poised legal mind, he might justly 
be styled " the mentor" of the Huntingdon bar. 

Samuel T. Brown was born in Mifflin County, 
Pa., on the 21st of March, 1827. He received his 
education in schools taught by his father, John 
Brown, before the era of common schools, and in a 
private school taught by Rev. James Nourse, in 
Milroy, Mifflin Co., Pa. 

In April, 1849, he commenced the study of law 
under the instruction of Thomas P. Campbell, and 
was admitted to practice in the several courts of 
Huntingdon County on the 12th of April, 18.52. He 
then went to Ridgway, Elk Co., with a view to prac- 
tice there; but finding that region "too much of a 
wilderness, after waiting six months for clients who 
did not come, he pulled down his "shingle" and 
came back to Huntingdon, and after teaching school 
a term or two, and serving in the engineer corps on 
the Huntingdon and Broad Top Railroad, he entered 
into partnership in the practice of law with John 
Scott in October, 1853, and continued his law part- 
ner until his election to the United States Senate, 
and for about a year afterwards. Mr. Bailey also be- 
came a member of the firm soon after his admission 
to the bar. 

In 1868, Mr. Brown was elected to the lower branch 
of the State Legislature, and was an active member 
of that body at the time that Mr. Scott, his partner, 
was elected to the United States Senate. 

Mr. Brown was elected district attorney in 1858, 
and served till the close of 18G1. He has also served 
in various borough ofllces, such as chief burgess, 
school director, and in other jjositions. He is now 
the senior partner in the firm of Brown, Bailey & 

John W. Mattern was born in Franklin town- 
ship, Huntingdon Co., on the 12th of October, 1821; 
was educated in the schools of the neighborhood, and 
partially at Allegheny College, at Meadville; worked 
with his father, Samuel Mattern, at the woolen man- 
ufacturing business in Franklinville until April, 
1849. In February, 1852, he commenced the study 
of the law with John Scott; was admitted at April 
term, 1854, and has continued in the practice ever 
since that time. He held the office of deputy United 
States collector for a part of Huntingdon County in 
1862-63, and is now holding a position to which he 
was recently appointed in the Pension Office at 
Washington City. 

William H. Woods was born at Lewistown, Pa., 
on the 17th of May, 1829; son of Rev. James Woods, 
for many years pastor of the Presbyterian Church in 
that iilace; attended the academy at Lcwistown; en- 


tered the college at Princeton, N. J., from which he 
graduated in lS-18; read hiw with liis brother, Samuel 
S. Woods, late president judge of Lewi-^town, now 
deceased, and was admitted to the bar n( ."\Iifflin 
Ciiunty in 1 ^•'lS. He came to Huntingdmi. and was 
admitted to j.ractice on the 12th of January, \s.',>j, 
opened an olHce, and has been in successful practice 
ever since. Prior to his admission as an attorney lie 
conducted Milnwood .\cademy. at Shade Gap, in this 
county, for several yciirs. ;iiid had also bi-cii enL^a^ad 
as a teacher in other iii-titutiims cit' leaniiiiL'. 

RoiiEKT MiLTciN Sri:i:i; was horn on the stli of 
September, 1838, at Ca^sville, Huntinir.lon ("o., uii.l 
was educated at Ca-sviUe Seminary. After teaeliinu' 
school for several term- he eon, men. ed the of 
the law in A|.ril, is:,;, with Mes-r.. Wil-on \ Pet- 
rikin, in Huntingdon, and eontinued uith tliei.i until 
the 14th of X(;vember, ISol). when he was examiueil 
and admitted to the bar. In the spriiig of 18G0 he 
opened an ollicfi in Huntingdon, where he has been 
in full and successful practice ever since. 

In .Tanuary, 1SG3, he was elected assistant clerk of 
the House of Representatives at Harrisburg. 

In 1870 he received the Democratic nomination for 
Congress and was elected, and in 1872 he was renomi- | 
nated and re-elected, the district being composed of 
the counties of Huntingdon, Blair, Cambria, and j 
Jlittiin, and he served and represented this district in 
the Forty-second and Forty-third Congresses to the 
satistaction of his constituents. 

In 1872, Mr. Speer was a delegate to the National 
Convention which met at Raltimore and nominated 
Horace Greeley for President, and in 1S78 he was 
chairman of the State Democratic Committee, and in 
18S0 he a delegate at large from Pennsylvania to 
the National Democratic Convention that nominated 
Gen. Hancock for President. 

Mr. Speer has also served iiis neighbors and fellow- 
citizen- in the r.or.iiiLdi Council, and two successive 
terms a- -eliool director, the last term as jiresident of 
the board. 

Mr. Speer has lia.l a-so.iated with him, his lirother- 
iu-law. i:. S. MeMurtrie, in the practice of law, >ince 
August, 181)6. 

John Mu.MPin; l'..\Il.i;v, whose paternal am-estrv 
was of English and hi- maleniai of (lermaii deseeni. 
was born in Dill-biirg, York Co.. I'a.. .Inly 11, bs:i;i, 
II, s lather, Samuel N . Ilailey, ,ep,v-enie,l V,,rk 
County in the State l.e^i-latnre for three eon-eeiiti\ e 
term-, and wa- al-o lieutenant-colonel of the Twelfth 
I'enn-vlv.ania Ke-erve-. 

Mr. r.ailev w.-i- educated in ih,' common selmol- ,,f 
his .lav, ami al-.. alt.-u.l.Ml s.nau-al t.'rm- ..f th.^'fu- 

Franklin in Huntingdon County, which he continued 
during the winter terms until the spring of 18$0, 
when, as a student, he entered the law-office of Scott 
i^ Ilr(.wn, in Huntingdon, composed of John Scott, 
wli.i -ulisequently became a United States senator, 
and i- n.iw ..'eneral solicitor for the Pennsylvania 
i;ailr,.ad at I'hila.lelphia, an.l Samuel T, Hr.iwn, with 
wh.un he is n.nv a— ..eiate.l in the i.racti.-e of the 

He .ontinue'l to t.-acli scho.d during the winter 

.Vu'.', 11, l^i;2, when he was admitted to the bar. 
So.ui after hi- a.lmission to the bar he became asso- 
eiate.l with his former preceptors, under the tirm- 
name of Scott, Brown & Bailey, which relation con- 
tinued uninterruptedly and with the utmost harmony 
until the election of Mr. Scott to a seat in the United 
States Senate in 1.8(59, after which the business was 
continued under the firm-name of Brown t\: Bailey 
until 1882, when Charles G. Brown, a son ..f his part- 
ner, became a member of the firm, and the i.artner- 
ship name changed to Brown, liailey c^ Brown, as it 
is still continued, 

Mr. Bailey has devoted his whole tiiue to his pro- 
fession, and but little or none of it to politics, and has 
never been a candidate for any political office except 
for delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1872- 
73, ndien he was noiuinated by the Democratic party 
and elected to rejiresent in part the counties of Hun- 
tingdon, Centre, Mifflin, and Juniata, these consti- 
tuting the Twenty-second Senatorial District. 

In the convention he served on the committees 
of " revenue, ta.xation and finance," " commissions, 
offices, oaths of office, and incompatibilities of office." 
He has also served his townsmen in the councils of 
the b..r.,ui:h ..f Huntingd.m, 

Mr. Bail.^y was marricl in the -prin- of 1m;;i t.) 
.Mfss Lcttic Fisher, .laughter <,f Th.mias Fi>her, of 

P. M. Lyti.i:, son of Nathaniel Lytic, was b.irn in 
Franklin t.iwn<hi]i, at the village of Spruce Creek, on 
the Cth nf February, 1840. He was educate.! in the 
e.uinii.m ).il- ol lii> native township and of the ad- 
j.iiiiiri- t.iwn-lii].olMorris, and at Tuscarora Academy, 
.\.'a.l.'mia, I'a. .\t al.. ait the age of twenty he entered 
til.' .iHii'e .if Me-r-. Wilson & Petrikin as a .student, 
au.l w.i- a.lmitted to practice in the several courts of 
HuntiMtr.l.Mi founty on the Uth of August, 1862. 
Ill- lia< .■.lulinued in ]ira.ti.f in Huntingd.m ever 

\Vii.i.i.\.M .AI, K, Wii.i.i.\Ms.iN-. -on .,f Pev. Mc- 
K'nighl Williamson, wa> born in .luniata County, 
I'a., on the 2'.Hli of June, 1840, educated at .Milnwood 
.\.-ademy, at Sha.le Gap, Huntingdon Cmnty. Pa., 
r.'ad law in Huntingdon, in the office of hi.s hr.ither- 
iii-law, William H. Woods, and was admitted to prac- 
li.'.- in the several courts of the county an the 17th of 
.laiiuary, 186'), He immediately entered into part- 
m r-l,ip' with Mr. Woods, his pre.', an.l continued 

%. ^ . ^. 


^ t-.^m^ tdc^ii^ 



ill that relation until his appointment to the office of 
prothonotai-y by Governor Hartranft, on Nov. 22, 
1877, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of 
Lewis M. Stewart, and was nominated and elected to 
the same office in 1878, and again in 1881, and is the 
present incumbent. 

G. Barton Armitage was born at Huntingdon, on 
the 6th of February, 1846. He is the son of John 
Armitage, who was elected sheriff" in 1844, and liad 
been deputy sheriff' during the whole term of Sheriff 
Shaver, and read law afterwards and was admitted to 
the bar on the 21st of November, 1853, and died in 
the spring of 1857. He was educated in the select 
schools of Huntingdon and at the Huntingdon Acad- 
emy, studied law in the office of Messrs. Scott & Brown, 
and was admitted to practice on the 14th of August, 

Milton S. Lytle, son of Nathaniel Lytle, and 
brother of P. M. Lytle, was born in Franklin town- 
ship, Huntingdon Co., Pa., on the 19ch of Octo- 
ber, 1842, educated at the public schools and at the 
Pennsylvania State College, read law in the office of 
R. M. Speer, and in the office of Messrs. Benedict, 
Stewart & Lytle, in Huntingdon, and was admitted 
to practice on the 13th of August, 1866. He was 
elected district attorney in 1869. He is the author of 
the " History of Huntingdon County," published in 
1876, a work of merit. 

K. Allen Lovell was born in Cass township, 
July 20, 1841. He received his education in the 
common schools, supplemented by study at J. B. 
Kidder's seminary in Shirleysburg and State Normal 
School at Millersville. He studied law with Messrs. 
Scott & Brown at Huntingdon, and was admitted to 
the bar Aug. 10, 1864. He commenced practice in 
November, 1865, and was appointed district attorney 
in 1866, was re-elected, and served in this capacity for 
three years. In 1877 was elected chief burgess of 
Huntingdon borough, and also served as chairman of 
the board of health. (Fora more complete biography 
see Huntingdon borough.) 

E. Stewart McMurtrie, son of William E. Mc- 
Murtrie, was born in Huntingdon on the 13th of Au- 
gust, 1842, graduated at Jefferson College, Washing- 
ton, Pa., on the 4th of September, 1864, studied law 
in Indiana, Pa., with Messrs. Stewart & Clark, and 
was admitted there in June, 1866, and in Huntingdon 
on the 13th of August following, and immediately 
formed a partnership with his brother-in-law, R. M. 
Speer, under the firm-name of Speer & McMurtrie, 
and has continued in that relation ever since. 

J. Randolph Simpson, son of John Simpson, was 
born in Huntingdon, Dec. 13, 1841, educated in the 
public schools of the borough at intervals between 
working on his fiither's fiirm, in a carpenter-shop, and 
clerking in a book-store. He entered the army and 
was sworn into service 16th of August, 1862, became 
sergeant of Company C, One Hundred and Twenty- 
fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, was wounded 

Sept. 17, 1862, at the battle of Antietam. His brother, 
George W., of the same company, color-sergeant, was 
killed in the same battle. Mr. Simpson, after being in 
the hospital and home on furlough, was discharged on 
the 6th of April, 1863, on account of disability, after- 
wards taught school two years in Huntingdon, com- 
menced the study of law with A. W.Benedict in March, 
1864, took charge of the prothonotary's office for W. 
C Wagoner in August, 1865, and was himself nomi- 
nated and elected to the office' of prothonotary the 
following year, receiving a majority of ten hundred 
and thirty-five over his competitor, and the largest 
vote of any candidate on the ticket. He acted as 
prothonotary to the end of his term, and declined a 

He was admitted to the bar on the loth of August, 
1866. On the 23d of January, 1869, he formed a law 
partnership with G. Barton Armitage, under the name 
of Simpson & Armitage, and in December of the same 
year a partnership in the insurance business, under 
the name of G. B. Armitage & Co. 

H. E. Shaffer was born in Lewisburg, Union Co., 
Pa., Aug. 21, 1844, was educated in the common 
schools, and at Airy View Academj', Port Royal, 
Juniata Co., under the care of Prof. David Wilson, 
began reading law on the 21st of August, 1862, with 
James S. Linn, in Lewisburg, father of John Blair 
Linn, and continued with him until August, 1864, 
when he went to Mansfield, Ohio, and read la\V in 
the office of Senator M. M. May until June 24, 1866, 
when he was examined and admitted in the District 
Court in session at Bucyrus, Crawford Co., Ohio, to 
practice in all the courts in Ohio, and on the 13th of 
April, 1868, he was admitted to practice in the several 
courts of Huntingdon County. 

In 1868, Mr. Shafl^er moved to Fulton County, and 
for four years practiced law, and at the same time 
edited the Republican. In 1872 he removed to Mount 
Union, opened an office there, and has been in prac- 
tice ever since. He has been admitted to practice in 
the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania and in the Dis- 
trict Court of the United States. 

Samuel E. Fleming, son of James Fleming, late 
of the borough of Huntingdon, deceased, was born at 
Manor Hill, Huntingdon Co., on the 31st of January, 
1845. He was educated in the common schools of 
Barree township and at Tuscarora Academy, Acade- 
mia, Juniata Co., read law with R. Milton Speer, and 
was admitted to the bar on the 10th of August, 1868, 
and has been in practice ever since, and has also 
been editor of the Hantin;idon Monitor for over eight 
years, and joint owner of it with Mr. Speer. 

M. M. McNeil was born near Three Springs, Jan. 
9, 1847. At the age of fourteen years he was sent to 
the academy at Martinsburg, Blair Co., Pa.; at six- 
teen commenced teaching common schools during the 
winter and attending the State Normal School at Mil- 
lersville during the summer, until tlie fall of 1866, 
when he entered the office of R. Milton Speer as law 



student, anil remained with him until the time of his 
admission to the bar, on the 10th of August, 18G8. 

In 1869 he was elected prothonotary and clerk of 
the Courts of Quarter Session and Oyer and Termi- 
ner for the term of three years. After the expiration 
of his official term he entered into partnership with 
R. Bruce Petrikin and M. B. Massey, which part- 
nership continued until the fall of 1875, when Mr. 
Massey, on account of failing health, withdrew, and 
the remaining partners have continued to practice 
under the name of Petrikin & McNeil. 

JOHX Syi,vaxus Blair was born Jan. 31, 1848, 
in Harrisburg ; son of David Blair ; educated at 
Princeton College, New Jersey, where he graduated 
in 18G6 ; studied law in Huntingdon, in the office of 
his father and in the office of William Dorris, and 
was admitted to the bar on the 10th of August, 1868, 
and practiced in Huntingdon until 1873, since which 
date lie h;is been in the office of the Department of 
Justice at Washington City as assistant attorney. 

Thomas W. Myton is a native of West township, 
Huntingdon Co., born Feb. 13, 1842 ; was educated 
in the common schools ; studied law in the office of 
J. Sewell Stewart, and was admitted to the bar at 
Huntingdon on the 12th of August, 1868. 

He served in the war of the Rebellion, and lost an 
arm at Chancellorsville. 

Mr. Myton was elected treasurer of the county in 
186.5, and prothonotary and clerk of the criminal 
courts in 1872. In November, 1882, he was elected 
to the House of Representatives at Harrisburg to rep- 
resent Huntingdon County for the next two years. 
Mr. Myton and J. F. Schock are partners, practicing 
under the name of Myton & Schock. 

J. Hall Musser was born in Jackson township, 
Huntingdon Co., on the 14th of January, 1844; sou 
of William Musser, deceased, of said township. He 
attended the common schools, and at the age of six- 
teen years entered the academy at Pine Grove Mills, 
Centre Co., and left said academy and entered the 
army on the 21st October, 1861, and remained in the 
military service until the close of the war. He again 
entered the same academy, and remained there about 
two years. In the spring of 1867 he entered the office 
of Messrs. Scott & Brown as a law student, and was 
admitted to [)ractice on the 12th of April, 1869. In 
the fall of 1873 he was appointed by the court to act 
as district attorney during the protracted illness of 
H. C. Madden, who had been elected to that office. 
In the spring of 1874, while still acting district attor- 
ney, he was appointed postmaster at Huntingdon, 
which position he held until tlie fall of 1881, when 
he resigned. 

Davih ('ALnwi;i.i. wasb.,rn at Water .-^trert, Hunt- 
ingdon Co., and was eilueated in tlie eoMimon seliools 
of his native village, and in Alexandria and the old 
Hook school near Spruce Creek, after which he went 
to HoUidaysburg and learned the trade of tanning 
witli liis uncle David. In 1S4I» he came to Hunt- 

ingdon, where his father, Samuel Caldwell, then re- 
sided, and being still in his minority, he entered the 
public school at Huntingdon as a pupil, and finished 
his education, as far as the schools were concerned, 
in 18.50. While at the Huntingdon school he studied 
surveying, and afterwards assisted his father, who 
then deputy surveyor of the county. In the winter 
of 1850-51 he taught the Hook school, in Franklin 
township, where he had himself been a pupil from 
1842 to 1846. During the next six years, from 1851 
till 1857, he devoted his time and attention to clerk- 
ing and managing at iron-works for Dr. Peter Shoen- 
berger and others in the counties of Huntingdon 
and Bedford, and in the lumber and coal business in 
Cambria, until called home by the death of his father 
in May, 1857, to undertake the settlement of his 
estate. In October of the same year he was elected 
prothonotary and clerk of courts, and served three 
years. He was admitted to the bar on the 20tli day 
of January, 1870, since which time he has continued 
in active practice. (For a sketch of his ancestors, see 
Porter township.) 

H. Clay Madde.v was born at Maddensville, 
Huntingdon Co., on the 13th of March, 1845; edu- 
cateil in common schools, and one term at Milnwood 
Academy, afterwards at Academia, Juniata Co. At- 
tended Law Department of the University of Iowa 
City, Iowa, and was admitted in that State on the 
30th of June, 1869, and of Huntingdon on the 14th 
of November, 1870, and has been in practice here 
continuously ever since. Mr. Madden was elected 
district attorney in 1872, for a full term of three years. 
He is now counsel for the county commissioners. 

William A. Fle.mixg was born in Clarion County, 
Pa., on the 17th of September, 1845; educated two 
years at Dayton Union Academy, graduated Octo- 
ber, 1866 ; attended during a two years' course in the 
Law Department of Michigan University, and gradu- 
ated March, 1869. Afterwards studied law in the 
office of Judge McEnally, in Clearfield, Pa., for one 
year, and was admitted to the Clearfield bar in 1870, 
and to the Huntingdon bar on the 10th of April, 1871. 

Robert A. Orbisox, son of William P. Orbison, 
was born in Huntingdon on the 31st of January, 
1849, and received his education at the Huntingdon 
Academy and Washington and Jefferson College, 
Canonsburg, Pa., from which he graduated in 1868; 
read law in his father's office in Huntingdon for two 
years, after which he went to the Albany Law School 
one year, where he graduated, and was admitted to 
practice in the Supreme Court of New York at Al- 
bany. He then returned to Huntingdon, and was 
admitted to the bar on the 25th of May, 1871, aud 
practiced here till 1877, when he went to Minnesota, 
and was admitted to practice in that State, and re- 
mained there for about one year, then returned to 
Huntingdon, and remained in his lather's office till 
July, 1880, when he went to Washington City, having 
been aiM'ointed assistant to the :issistant attorney- 

PHP 'wl^ 





general who had charge of defending claims against 
the United States in the Court of Claims. In Augnst. 
1882, lie returned to Huntingdon, and has cuiitinuud 
in practice with his father. 

J. F. SniooK was born in Oneida township, llunt- 


IS fa 

sliip. J. F. Schock was educated in the c.iinmon 
scliiiols and at tlic academy at Pine <Trovc, Centre 
Co., and at the semiiuiry at \Villiams|iort, Pa., and 
became a teaclicr in the common schools himself, 
teacliin;^: ij;raded and other schools ; afterwards studied 
law in the nllice of Messrs. Scott, Brown & Bailey, and 
was admitted tii practice in the several courts of Hunt- 
ingdon County on the 20th day of June, 1872. After- 
wards he was appointed deputy prothonotary under 
Thomas W. Myton, and also under his successor, 
Lewis M. Stewart, and after the death of the latter 
he held the office as acting prothonotary for a month 
or two, until a successor was appointed. 

Mr. Scliock is the junior partner in the law firm of 
Myton & Schock. 

J. Chalmers Jackson, son of George Jackson, a 
highly-respected farmer of Jackson township, was 
born in said township on the 11th of November, 
18-i7. He is a graduate of Jefferson College, of the 
class of 1871, and read law with Messrs. Petrikin & 
Massey, in Huntingdon, and was admitted to the bar 
on the 11th of November, 1872. 

Mr. Jackson was elected district attorney in 1875 
for the term of three years. 

L. S. (!i',issiN(iEii was born in Juniata township on 
the ir.lh of fel.ruary, 1851. He is the sou of William 
Geissin.i;er, an imnored farmer of that township. He 
was educated in the common schools of Juniata and 
Walker districts, at Rainsburgsix montlis, six months 
at Millersville Normal School, and three years at Mer- 
cersl)urg College, Franklin Co., Pa. He studied law 
in Huntingdon in the office of Messrs. Scott, Brown & 
Bailey, and was admitted to practice in the several 
courts of tlie county on the 15th of January, 1873. 

Mr. Geissinger was appointed notary public by 

Governor Hartranft in 1876, and reappointed by 

Governor Hoyt in 1879, and United States commis- 

j sioner on the 20th of March, 1882. He was counsel 

\ for the county commissioners in 1876-78. 

1 George B. Orlady, son of Dr. Henry Orlady, was 

! born at Petersburg, Huntingdon Co., Pa., on the 22d 

I of February, 1850. He received a common school 

education, after which he entered the State Agricul- 

J tural College, May 10, 1864, entered Bell's Mills 

Academy in December, 1866, and Washington and 

Jefferson College, Washington, Pa., in August, 1867, 

I and graduated in August, 1869. Read medicine with 

I his father, entered Jefferson Medical College, Phila- 

I delphia, in September, 1869, and graduated M.D. in 

March, 1871. Practiced medicine at Petersburg a 

! short time. Studied law with Samuel S. Blair, Hol- 

I iidaysburg, and was admitted to the bar of Blair 

I County in January, 1875. Came to Huntingdon, and 

1 was admitted to practice in the several cmirts on the 

2r;d of Mareli. 187."., and continued here and was 

elected district attorney in 1S78, and re-elected in 


W[[>liam W. Dorris, son of William Dorris, 
was born at Huntingdon on the of March, 1852. 
After attending the academy at home, he entered 
Mantua Academy, West Philadelphia, from 1868 to 
1870. Entered Lafayette College, class of 1874, at 
Easton, Pa., and remained ihere one year. Com- 
menced reading law in the office of his father and 
witli George B. Orlady, and was admitted to tlie bar 
on the 12th of April, 1876. He continues in tlie office 
with his father. 

Alexander Augustus Ani)ei:sox, son of the late 
[ John P. Anderson, was born at Huntingdon on the 
I 23d of April, 1854. Studied law with William Dor- 
ris, in Huntingdon, and was admitted to practice 
j in the several courts of Huntingdon County on the 
12th of April, 1876, also admitted to the Philadelphia 
I bar in January, 1877, and opened an office there for 
a short time, but returned again to his native town. 

Samuel L. Glasgow was born in the year 1827, 
in Huntingdon County (now Blair), near the spot 
where the city of Altoona afterwards assumed a name 
and a place on the map of the State and nation. He 
graduated from Pennsylvania College, Gettysburg, in 
1849. Afterwards taught the high school in Williams- 
burg, Blair Co., Pa. Read law in Huntingdon, in the 
office of Andrew P. Wilson, and was admitted Jan. 13, 
1852. After being at the bar a while he left it and 
followed other pursuits, but resumed the law after 
being examined and again admitted on the 16th of 
June, 1877. 

Davis G. Zeigler, son of Adam Zei^ler, was 
born at Marklesburg, Huntingdon Co., Pa., on the 
12th of February, 1850, educated in common schools 
and Huntingdon Academy, and one year at Ursinus 

He read law in Huntingdon, with Messrs. Brown 
& Bailey, and was admitted to practice on the 10th 
of April, 1878. 

B. J. Devor was born in Path Valley, Franklin 
Co., Pa., on the 29th of October, 1829, was educated 
in the common and select schools in all the English 
branches. He also studied geometry, surveying, and 
civil engineering, and is a practical surveyor. He 
also studied theology, and was examined before the 
board of examination of applicants to the ministry 
met at Johnstown, Pa., and was admitted to that 
body of ministers of the United Brethren in Christ's 
Church, Allegheny Conference, Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Devor read law with H. E. Shaffer, Mount 
Union, and was examined and admitted to the bar at 
Huntingdon on the 26th of November, 1878. He 
has an office in Mount Union, and docs some survey- 
ing in connection with his legal |)racliec. 

James A. Fleming;, son of .lame, Fleming, late 



of the borough of Huntingdon, ilcceasod, and brother 
of Samuel E. Fleming, was born at Manor Hill, 
Jan. -22, 1856, educated at tin- llnntiiiL'don Academy 
anil Chaniber.sburg Academy, read law in Hunting- 
don »ith K. Milton Speer, :uid was :,d,i,itl. d t.. the 
bar on the 18th of August, ls7;i. .Air. Fleming is an 
accomplished phonographer. 

L. H. Beers was born in Cromwell township, 
Huntingdon Co., on the 2r)tU of August, l.s.02. He 
received his education in the common schools and at 
Milnwood Academy, Shade Gap, Allegheny Semi- 
nary, Bedford, and at Dickinson Seminary, Wil- 
liamsport, I'a., and graduated at the last-named insti- 
tution. He studied law in Huntingdon, in the office 
of Messrs. Brown & Bailey, and was admitted to the 
baron the 2()th of September, ISTH. 

Joii>f D. DoRRis, second son of William Dor- 
ris, was born at Huntingdon, Pa., Oct. 14, lSo8, and 
was educated at the Huntingdon Academy and at La 
fayette College, Easton, from which he graduated 
June 26, 1878; studied law with his father in Hunt- 
ingdon, and was admitted to the bar of Huntingdon 
County on the 27th of September, 1880. 

Ch.\rles G. Brown, son of Samuel T. Brown, 
was born at Huntingdon on the 10th day of July, 
1858. After attending private and select schools he 
entered tlie Huntingdon Academy, then in charge of 
Professor James A. Stephens, and there prepared for 
college, entered the freshman class at Lafayette Col- 
lege, Easton, Pa., and pursued the regular classical 
course for four years, gradiuiting in June, 1879, with 
the degree of A.B. He then entered the law-office 
of Messrs. Brown & Bailey, in Huntingdon, as a 
law student, and after the usual course of study and 
the prescribed time was admittc(l to ]iractice on the 
nth of April, 1881, and on the 1st of January fol- 
lowing became associated as a partner with his father 



■Av .".th of October, 18">ii 
OH in schools, and taugh 
ir-, registered its a law St 
l!ailcy on the l>t of .\ 
to the bar on the -.'.".th i 


President Judge Taylor, was born at Huntingdon, 
Aug. 25, 1853, educated at the common and select 
schools and academy at Huntingdon and Mantua 
Academy, Philadelphia, read law with Hon. J. R. 
Ludlow, in Philadelphia, and with his father in Hun- 
tingiliin, also attended law lectures at L'niversity of 
Pennsylvania : ailmitted to the bar in Linn County, 
Iowa, Jan. 11, lS7i), and to the bar of Huntingdon 
County Oct. 1, 1882. 

H. H. ^V.iITE was born in Tyrone townshii>, Blair 
Co., ,Jan. 27, 1852. His parents removed to War- 
rior's Mark township, Huntingdon Co., in 1859. 
He received a common-school education, and subse- 
quently followed the profe.ssion of teacher for nine 
years. He read law with George B. Orlady, and was 
admitted to the bar Jan. 8, 1SS.3. 

Harry A. Browx, son of James A. Brown, was 
born March 30, 1861, in the borough of Huntingdon. 
Was educated at the public schools and the academy 
in his native borough, and afterwards attended La- 
fayette College. Read law in the office of Messrs. 
Pirown & Bailey, and was admitted to practice in the 
courts of Huntingdon County, Jan. 8, 1883. 



military service of the province, before the 
ion of Independence, there were a number 
s connected with the territory now composing 
don and Blair, either as residents for a time, 
vners of land therein. (Jf these niav be 



TJC. Fii-st BiitWIiii, 

to iidjutiut. 
Demn/s Com 

Howard E. Bctz was born near Allen 
high Co., Pa., Nov. 30, 1859, cducate<l in t 
schools of Reading, and after graduating 
same, entered Union Seminary, at New 11 
where upwards of three years more were s| 
quiring an English and classical educati 
mcnccil to read law with i:iclim,„,d L. 


1, Le- 




n the 

Ungli Mercer, c;ipt.; Tho 
iiwfiini. i-nsigti of Hiiniiltoii 
, E.lwiirJ Waril, .■Hl.t. 

regiment, consisting of three 
d In- Lieutenant-Governor 

with Messrs. IVtr 
was admitted to 
Mr. But/, i.s at p 
Huntinr,dnn GM„ 
William S. 1 

le nig Spring tract at McConnellstowii, Land . 
, part of tlie laml in tlie Fourtli W-anl, Hu 



Pirsl BallaUm. 
1758. May S, TliomnsSniallman, q.m. 
n.-i7. Dec. 4, Hiisli Mercer, capt. 

17.'iS. Miircli U, [iiigh Crawford, ensign of Hamilton's company. 
17:i7. Dec. 13, Edward Ward, capt. 1759. April 2li, maj. of Tliird Bat- 

Second Battalion. 
1758. Jan. 9, Asher Clayton, capt.; q.m. June 8tll ; wounded at Grant's 

1759. March, 

III 1760, Api-il 12th, Asher Clayton was major of 
the First Battalion ; April 13th, Hugh Mercer, colo- 
nel, and Thomas Suiallman, major of the Second 

Tlie Pennsijlmnia Regiment.— Second Battalion. 
1763. July 2, Asher Clayton, capt. 1704. July 2, lieut.-col. com- 

In August, 176-t, the regiment mustered 912 men. 
Lieut. -Col. Chivton's company contained 47, and 
Capt. John Brady's, 48. 

The Revolution. — The oppressions and exactions 
of the mother-country were becoming more and more 
odious to the people, and were acting as educators 
to prepare the colonists for the impending contest, 
which, under Providence, was to result in their eman- 
cipation from foreign rule. At a meeting of deputies 
chosen by the people of the several counties, held at 
Philadelphia, July 15, 1774, in which Bedford County 
was represented by George Woods, the Boston port 
bill and other Parliamentary measures affecting the 
people of the colonies were denounced, and a cou- of deputies from the several colonies to consult 
together and adopt some measures for the relief of 
grievances recommended. In the Assembly, June 
30, 1775, it was resolved "That this House approves 
the association entered into by the good people of 
this colony for the defense of their lives, liberties, 
and property." A Committee of Safety, consisting 
of twenty-five citizens, was appointed and authorized 
to call into actual service such number of the asso- 
ciators as they may judge proper. Organizations of 
" associators" were formed in most, if not all, the 
counties. The committee organized July 3d by the 
choice of Benjamin Franklin, president. Congress, 
July 18th, recommended that all able-bodied effective 
men between sixteen and fifty years of age should 
immediately form themselves into companies of mi- 
litia, to consist of one captain, two lieutenants, one 
ensign, four sergeants, four corporals, one clerk, one 
drummer, one fifer, and about sixty-eight privates. 
The companies to be formed into regiments or bat- 
talions, officered with a colonel, lieutenant-colonel, 
two majors, and an adjutant or quartermaster. All 
officers above the rank of captain to be appointed by 
the provincial authorities. 

Congress, June 14, 177"), authorized the raising of 

six companies of expert riflemen in Pennsylvania, 
two in Maryland, and two in Virginia, to join the 
afmy near Boston. On the 22d the " colony of Penn- 
sylvania" was directed to raise two more companies, 
making eight in all, which were to be formed into a 
battiilion. Lancaster County furnished two companies 
instead of one, and thus the battalion, which was com- 
manded by Col. William Thompson, was swollen to 
nine companies. Besides the companies from Lan- 
caster there were two from Cumberland, and one 
from each of the counties of York, Northuniberland, 
Bedford, Berks, and Northampton. This command 
passed the Hudson above West Point about the 1st 
of August, and a few days thereafter reached Cam- 
bridge. Thacher, in his "Military Journal of the 
Kevolution," under date of August, 1775, thus de- 
scribes this battalion : 

hardy men, many of them exceeding 
3d in white frocks or rifle-shirts and 
round hats. These men are remarkahle for the accuracy of their aim, 
striking a mark with great certainty at two hundred yards' distance. 
At a review, a company of them, while on a quick advance, fired their 
halls into objects of seven inches diameter at the distance of two hun- 
dred and fifty yards. They are now stationed in our lines, and their 
shot have frequently proved fatal to British oificers and soldiers who 
expose themselves to view, even at more than duuhle the distance of 
common musket-shot." 

By a return made at Cambridge on the 18th of 
August, three field-officers, nine captains, twenty- 
seven lieutenants, the adjutant, quartermaster, sur- 
geon, and mate, twenty-nine sergeants, thirteen drum- 
mers and fifers, and seven hundred and thirteen rank 
and file were present fit for duty. This battalion was 
designated the Second Regiment (and after Jan. 1, 
1776, the First Regiment) " of the army of the United 
Colonies, commanded by His Excellency George Wash- 
ington, Esquire, general and commander-in-chief." 
Two of the companies — one from Lancaster and one 
from 'Cumberland — were ordered to join the detach- 
ment sent under Arnold to Quebec. The battalion 
was stationed on Prospect Hill, and subsequently on 
Cobble Hill. At it was under the command of 
Gen. Lee, but subsequently became a part of Gen. 
Putnam's department. The British abandoned Bos- 
ton March 17th, and soon after the regiment, under 
Lieut.-Col. Hand, marched to New York, and was 
stationed at New Utrecht during May and June. 
The term of enlistmml was for one year, and would 
.soon expire. Wasliiuiitnii wrote the |)rr~idcnt nf 
Congress on the 22d ol .Vpril Irmii New Y'ork, — 

"The time for which the ritlemen enlisted will expire on the 1st uf 
July next, and as the hiss of such avaluahle and brave boily r.f men will 
be of great injury to the service, I would submit it to the rori.^iileratinn 
of Congress whether it would nut he best to adopt .«onn' to in- 
dut-e them to continue. Tliey are, indeed, a very useful corps, but I 
need not mention this, as their importance is already kiioun tu the 

On the 1st day of July this body entered its second 
term of service as the " First Pennsylvania Regi- 
ment" of the Continental line. The enlistment was 
for two years, but was siihsec|uently changed to 

HISKJRV OF ih:ntingdox county, pkx.nsvi.vaxia. 

'MuriM- the war." Ool. Ihm.l wrote in 


M,.-],,,,,. Iiu,,.. 


asking' liini to reeommciid (■> Coii-r, -~ 

the appoint- 

11. n.i.,,i.i,.rii, 

meat <if a major for his re.ujiimnt. ami l-.r 

ing iiiloniKf- 

.Mctl..l,;,l.l, l';,l, 


tiori nameilliis captains aeeordini; to lan 

k.a- lollow>: 

.McFarhu.o. Tli, 


liobert Clugage, Mattianv Smith. Janie^ 
Miller, Charles Craig, James Crier, U 

];o-s, llenrv 
i.,vi.l 1 [arris. 

Jlantiuin, Ihim 
Millar. Mirluiu: 


u'!iI!Vron'.r'''''a "h" erVnnes To 

>s, the' tliird 

I'i.m, l!i.l..Ml. 
I'llts. .l..tu,. 

eai.lain. to the |,o,itioa ol major. ( 
Smilh, learniu- liiat a junior .■.•.|.tain 1 

lad'heen ap- 

l'l""il'.S,i 1. 


poiiite,! over them. re-igtie.l on tlf Ctl 
Cai.t. <'liiLia-e-s ,liLriiilie.| re-i-iiatioti. 

1 ..f Uetoher. 
whieh is ae- 

Sh.-li.ii,. Tl,..m:i 

com|.aiii.-.l with hearty wi-lie~ lor llie ~ 

Ure,.-sof the 

.sinionton. .\les 


caii.e, will he louml in - Force- .Vrehi- 

, .-," oih ser.. 

Sniilh, Eumniie 


vol.ii.|.a^e!llil.' Thi. reginutil |,artiei 

I!e<i.le< tlio: 

ous iKiltl,., .hint,- the eoutimianee of 1 

lie war ii|> to 

e in: 

ime- .appear in the al.ove 
■r |.ei-o,i< reMdiiigin "Old 
Iluiitiii-do,,-- wlio |,artieipated in the Kevokitionary 
KOt,L OF c.\l'T. ROBERT OLUO.MiKs coMi'ANY. sl ru-Lxle. S.iiie enlisted here aiul never returned; 

M, Roi„.rt Clusago; rirst Lieutfiiiini, .i-h,, nimini- ,ith( r- joi tied eomii, and- raised elsewhere, and became 
I, 1-' I-'-. " ']• .', 'i,'|., I'i ■ !■ 11 I I ■ i' ' ■ii'ii' Thiiciii-ii eitizeii- liere ai'ti'rwar.l-. Of tlie hitter, iliose named 
Li^lWuj':„uu'IC''':^"'^ " '•'■■ r '. '■' ' " ,'l l„'!n..„ai,"; h.'low werere-ideiils ill ISJO, and applied fir l.eiishms 
rsc-ant-. K.n- II ■ :■ '■■ ■ .. M..n ,„.i , li;,vi.i uiider t he aet of (/on-re-s , ,a-se.l March 1 S, LS 1 S : 

P,1. Uci;t. 

3. Rol.LTt UmiUiri. ;,-.■.! (o ; .Mili-lr,! for tlic war in Ciipt. Bette's com- 

IKiiiy, Tlh .Mil. Ri-t. 

4. Joliii Trv,.«,.. eiili-l.-.l .\liril 20, 1776, in Oii.t, Henry Slinde's cnminny 

0. Alpxancl'-r Caniplii-ll, aged 73; served three years in Ciipt. Thomas 


1, Thomas. 


r, George. 






I, Stephen. 




T, Pl,ihl,.» 


,van, .James. 





n, .■\le.\aijdiT. 




n, James. 


, John. 


g. Cornelius. 


in, William." 

G. Alexander King, aged (iS; enlisted in 177G in Cajit. Henry Darl.y's 

■esap's company of Maryland. 

mens. Warrior's Marl; township, aged 02; enli-ted in 

■s M .xw.lfs r..m|iany, I'nl. Shreeve's regiment .New Jer- 

;\ \ 1, ., ill e I, lined his c.miimny; drafted 

;. aged (m; iMilisted Jan. S, 177G, in Capt. Craig's 
:.] I'a. liatt.; wonnded. 

1 W;L-hington Connty 


1777 in Capt. Henry Bicke 

'J in Haserstown February, 
ny, 1st Md. Regt. ; discliarged 

iiediately rejui 

. 9, 1811, in his 5r,th year, was 
Islim.l, Ans. 2S, 1770, and after 

■24, Joli 
25. I'.ti 

'apt. Kicliard Brown's 

1 I, J , .i-rl,arged July 11, 177G; 

111' IN M e's company uf the l:Jtli 

ti. llie -id Kegt, and discharged No- 
- i| Long Island, White Plains, Tren- 

licutenant in Capt. Clngage's com- 

sliip, aged 63; went out in militia 
I nfterwai'ds was in'Capt. Richard 
t .and served three years; was in 

• iilisted in Capt. Thomas Church's 
inn, and suhsequently attached to tlio 

. Deitrich Onrhand (Au 

ndt), aged 60 in 1818 ; enlisteil by Lieut. 
t., Cnl. Walter Stewart, and after the 
I '1 til Capt. John Bankson's company 

31. Isaac Kosel.rough, blacksmith, aged 63 in 1S23; enlisted in 1770, in 
Capt, James Mooi-e's company, 4Ih Pa. Battalion. 

32. David Nicholson, tailor, aged C5 in 182:); enlisted in the spring of 
177(5 in Capt. James Dunn's company, Del. Regt.; re-enlisted in 
Capt. Robert Kirkwood's company for one year. Was in the battles 
of Trenton and Princeton, and in several small engagements with 

The remains of four 111' I 111- suldicrs named in the 
preceding list, to wit: Ak-xamlor King, J<ihn Irvine, 
James Duncan, and Martin Ghilnuigh, who died June 
15, 1822, aged about eighty, rest in the Huntingdon 
cemetery. It is also the place of interment of other 
Revohitioiiarv soldier,^, to wit: 

■ • lie died Wcdnesd,ay, Aug, 29. 1«:{2. and was buried with appropriate 

] military honors l,y the Hnntingdim Volunteers on Thursday. He en- 
i listed at an ciirly age, ami participated in the battles at Trenton, Prince- 

John Dorland, who died Aug. 9, 1813. 

Andrew Henderson, who died June 21, 1812, in his .".Ist year, at the age of 

17, was appointed an officer, and served until the close of the war. 

(See Bench and Bar of Huntingdon County) 

There were many other participants in the struggle 
for independence who resided at the time of their 
death in the two counties, and it is to be regretted 
that their names have not been obtained. 

Pursuant to the resolutions of ado]ited 
July 18, 1775, and the regulations of the Council of 
Safety made in conformity therewith, John Piper 
became colonel of the Bedford County battalion. 

Congress, May 15, 1776, in resolutions adopted, de- 
clared it to be irreconcilable to reason and good con- 
science for the colonists to take the oaths required for 
the support of the government under the crown of 
Great Britain. They also declared it necessary that 
the exercise of every kind of authority under the 
crown should be suppressed, and all the powers of 
government exerted " under the authority of the peo- 
ple of the colonies for the preservation of internal 
peace, virtue, and good order, as well as for the de- 
fense of their lives, liberties, and properties, against 
the hostile invasions and cruel depredations of their 

Copies of the resolution of Congress were trans- 
mitted to the battalion officers, and by them to the 
captains of companies within their respective com- 
mands. In tearing down the old Simpson mansion, a 
log and weather-boarded house that stood on the 
northwestern corner of Penn and Second Streets in 
the borough of Huntingdon, a letter was found, July 
13, 1876, from Capt. (afterwards Gen.) McAlevy, 
addre.ssed, — 

John Piper of the 
Batalion in Bedford 

of which the following is a copy : 

" Colonel Piper 
Respected sir : 
" I take the pleasure to Acquaint you that on th 
instant at a full meeting of my Company that I made tin 
Congress of the flfteenth of May fully kiujwii to them. / 
mously Gave me their. opinions that all Powers anil an 
from the Crown of Great Britain Shoulil be totily Diss' 
fully Resolved to Risk all that is Dear and valnabb-. 
"I am sir your Most Humble Servant, 

'■ Willi, 

In December, 1770. tin 
eral battalions of militia \ 

f the sev- 
le Council 


heir com 


Of tl 

IS HoUi, 
■ol. PilH. 

r inf.-ri 

iie.l tl 

to march witli tlieir "Battalions to succor General 

Washington." From the meagre records remaining 

it appears that Capts. William McAlevy, Clugage, 

and Parker responded with 

first-named company Tho 

On the of that monll 

Committee of Safety that, |iin--uimt to tlir 

ceived, a number of men an- now on the n 

account of the depth of the snuw it was c 

the men to assemble in oni- body, and b 

gave each captain orders to march his and best way to I'hiladelpliia. 

On March 17, 1777, an act wa^ pa^-ed 
the militia of the conimoinvealth. by wliic 
ident of the Supreme Executive Council v 
ized to appoint one lieutenant and not mor 
sub-lieutenants in each county, and pro 
made for organizing the n 
the ages of eighteen and fifty-three 
and battalions, as well as the adoption of a general 
strict military code. In 1780 another militia law was , 
passed supplanting the enactment of 1777. l>ut re- 
taining many of the provisions of the former laws. 
The office of subdieutenant was abolished after April 
1, 17S3.' Under the first-mentioned acts the officers 
of Bedford County, prior to the erection of Hunting- 
don, were : 

han five 
ion was 
bitants between 
into companies 

.luiiii : 


1 M;ir 

cli 21, 177T. 


c. A.lunan, app, 

Nov, -21, 17 


e Woods, 

appointed S 

;-!pt. 17, 17S^ Bi.u! 



am 1 .it ■ 

11 !■, li ■! 1 


m II. : 

\l ,,, 1, ..| 


D:)V|i|.. 1 

, .,| 1 

II,., , 

M.nrl, ■■] 1 



», :i].li. 


Mar. h 21 ' 


,s U,-i^ .•, 


led S- 

j't. 12, 1777. 

tached from this place, were with Col. Keilson ; the 
whole, otticers and men, both belonging to that county 
and the militia of this State, behaved with great 
bravery, such as would do honor to veteran soldiers." 
On the 18th of May, 1781, Lieutenant George Ash- 
man and his sub-lieutenants divided Bedford County 
into three battalions. The townships of Dublin. 
Shirley, Barree, Hopewell, Frankstown, and Hunt- 
ingdon, then embracing all of the area now consti- 
tuting Huntingdon and Blair and part.s of adjoining 
counties, composed one battalion, and the other part 

the cour 

eighteen and fit 

two. The citizens of 
ity numbered fourteen 
•') the white male in- 
between the ages of 

spector l.ii 

An act 

the militi 

vided for i 

der was c..mniis.M„ne.l brigade in- 
n-don CoiHity April 11, 1793, 
.Vpril 9, 1799, materially changed 
11 'if the commonwealth, and |iro- 
complete and efficient organization. 
The white male inhabitants between the ages of 
eighteen and forty-five, made subjects of military 
duty, were arranged into divisions, brigades, regi- 
ments, battalions, and companies. MifHin and Hunt- 
ingdon Counties formed a division, the Tenth. The 
regiments of this county were numbered as follows: 
the one commanded by Lieut. -Col. Moore, No. 14; 
Lieut.-Col. Fee's, No. 33; Lieut.-Col. Cromwell's, No. 
41); Licut.-C.,I. nollid'ay's. No. .x8 ; and Lieut.-Col. 
Spencer's, No. 1 l;i, Prnvi^ion was made forarranging 
the oflicers and iiim into chn-es iireparatorv to drafts 

med officers were c 
The elections held 

Firsl i^.l/^^/ion.-Colonel, .<iiiilli ; captains,, Tissue, Oli- 
vor Drake; first liputenant.s, Cliristy Agc-ncy, William Sicliolls; 
si-rond lieutt^nauts, Georgi- Bniner, Henry .Vl.ranis; ensigns. George 

tain. Samuel Tlmni 
of a runt. .1,111. 'lit 

at Prii 

by \Va>l 
iciiMn al 

writing iiiidrr dii 

tc c.f !• 

It of :i 

'rli. 1<, 1 

preceding niudit 1 


1 a party 




No. : 



..f M; 

•t lit .Vjiril 9, 1.SII7, made further changes, 
don, Mifflin, and Centre were united in one 

and numbered the Eleventh. The com- 
s of the Huntingdon County regiments at 
.' were: N... 14. Lieut. -CI, .lanics :\Ioore ; 

Lieut. -Cnl. Andrew lleiider.nn : X... 4lj, 

2II: No. .-..^, l,i.-nt.-Col. 
.■Col, .lanu- Kntivkin. 
v.r.' named for tlu- month 
n Ortobcr, on which all 
itary duty were required 
:ive companies, or in de- 
nt of a fine. The officers 
ipany were arranged into 
became necessarv to call 

. 152. 

WAR OP 1812. 

any part of the force into actual service, the requisi- 
tion was made for one or more classes as necessity re- 
quired. Although changes were made from time to 
time in the militia system of the commonwealth, the 
main features of this enactment were retained until 
the militia establishment was dissolved in 1849. In the 
war of 1812 a call for militia required William Mor- 
ris,' cai)taiii of the first company of the Thirty-third 
Regiment, to march with classes called upon. He 
was then imprisoned for debt. The captain of the 
second company, James Simpson, took his place and 
marched the men to Alexandria, the place of rendez- 
vous for tlie militia called from this section. Before 
the dei)urtnre of the command fur Erie, Capt. Morris 
was released from prison, assumed his place, and 
served in the army with great credit. 

The regimental training places in 1803 and 1812 
were : 

Fourteenth Regiment, Mr. Porter's, near Birming- 
ham ; Thirty-third Regiment, Huntingdon; Forty- 
sixtli Regiment, Gaven CRigage's, near Bedford 
Furnace; Fifty-eighth Regiment, Hollidaysburg; 
One Hundred and Nineteenth Regiment, Jacob 
Grove's, Woodcock Valley. 

War of 1812.— On Monday, May 4, 181'2, the 
" Huntingdon Light Infantry," a volunteer company 
officered by Robert Allison, captain, and Jacob Mil- 
ler, first lieutenant, voted unanimously to tender 
their services to the President in the then impending 
war with Great Britain, more than a month in ad- 
vance of the formal declaration of war, which was 
issued June 18th. It is to be regretted that a list of 
the members of this company cannot be obtained. 
The tender was accepted, and on Monday, September 
7th, tlie company marched from Huntingdon to Ni- 
agara via Petersburg, Spruce Creek Valley, and Belle- 
fonte, and reached Bufl^alo on the 2d of October. 

Governor Snyder, by general orders dated May 
12th, directed a draft, in the manner prescribed by 
law, of fourteen thousand militia, to be formed into 
two divisions, four brigades, and twenty-two regi- 
ments. The quota of the Eleventh Division, Hunt- 
ingdon, Mifflin, and Centre Counties, was as follows : 

First Brijiifie.— Artillery 13 

Cavalry 1:1 

lufautry aud rifle corps 2-9 


Second Brigade.— An\\\ery 21 

Cavalry 21 

Infantry aud rifle corps 3K9 

On the 9th of June, Moses Canan, captain of "The 
Juniata Volunteers," a light infantry company shortly 
before organized at Alexaildria, and attached to the 
One Hundred and Nineteenth Regiment, tendered the 
services of the company to the Governor, and some 
time later, Isaac Vandevander, captain of a rifle com- 
pany at McConnellstowu, and Jacob Vanderbelt, also 

1 He resided on lot Nos. 420 and 422 Penn Street. 

a captain of a rifle company, also tendered the ser- 
vices of their respective commands. The Governor, 
in general orders, dated respectively August 2.'5th and 
September 5th, accepted these companies. The com- 
panies of Capts. Canan and Vandevander marched 
from Alexandria for Meadville, Friday, September 


The rolls of two of the drafted companies from 
Huntingdon County, as they stood in November, 
1813, are as follows : 






e 5tli 

; J 

hii Mcllr 





vp, pn 

John Galbraith, pro. from pri' 

Kflly, William. 
Gntrie, William. 
McCamnion, John. 
Dean, George. 
Ewing, David. 
Dearmet, William. 
Thom-TOii, Matthew. 
Sli..ii|., Gi-or-e. 

McGifBn, Samuel. 
Flenner, Jonathan. 
Strong, Daniel. 


Kimberlin, Henry. 
Duncan, Daniel, dis 
Nelson, William. 
Walls, Jacob. 
Cornelius, Jacob. 

Fitzimons, Henry. 

Scott, Jol 
Ilewct, II 

Griffin, Jiiliii 
Irwin, Samn 
Forsley, Tho 
Kint, Nicliol 
Fleming, J,.l 
Kalston, Tlw 


Dun, John, disch. Sept. 


11. .Ih . \\lli , !:- 

Stewart, William, disch 

Nov. 5. 

Dui.i;hcrlv, IMnaid. 

Thomson, Rees. 

Clemens, Itobert. 

Getties, Kol.ert. 

Stewart, John, .liscli 

McKcehau, Davi.I, died lotli. 

llavvkenbery, Adam 

Sw.t., Jac.,1.. 

Johnson, Anthony, o 

T.iyb.r. William Wilson 

the end of term. 

Bangher, Henry. 

BoweroocU, Jacob. 

I.cmu.x, John. 



Hyte, James, disch. Oct 


cmarks set opposite the 

rue, and the 
:s, Vojilain. 


Jtiiiri, Eilmuiiil Tipt..ii; Kii^t Lieutenant, John McCabe; Second 
Lieutenant, I-nao Vantrccs; Tliiid Lieutenant, John Cox; Fourth 
Lieutenant. Cliii.«tiin Henliiiger; KnsiKU, Patrick Madilen : Ser- 
geants, J.>lin Calderwood, Benjamin SlcCune, Jesse Jloore, Peler 
Hevvit, Jacob Shafer; Corporals, Jauies ftlalhers, Tlionias Rees, 
Abraham Law, James Parks, Zailuclv Westover; Drummer, Elisha 

Langlilin, Ilugli. 
Parlier, Ira. 
Walls, Jonathan. 

TliompsDU, Will: 
HnnU)arger, Jost 
Kelly, Davis. 

Oardner, Williai 
Gearlmrd, John. 

After the completion of the vessels that were to 
constitute Commodore Perry's squadron on Lake 
Erie, in the fall of 1813, volunteers were solicited to 
complete the required force on board. A number of 
the Pennsylvania inilitia tendered their services, and 
were accepted. The Legislature, by resolutions ap- 
proved .Jan. 31, 1814, after expressing the thanks of 
the government of the conimonwealtli to the commo- 
dore, his assistant commandants, and the Pennsylva- 
nians who volunteered on board the .squadron, cli- 
rected the Governor to present to each of the latter, 
"in compliment of their patriotism and bravery, a 
.silver medal of the weight of two dollars," with his 
name thereon. George Grady, a member of Cajit. 
AVilliaiii Morri-;' company, a resident of Henderson 
lowij-hip, \va^ the recipient of one of tliese medals. 

In 1>1J. Dr. ,Io-eph Henderson, Dr. James Stew- 
art, and John Larkin were appointed lieutenants of 
infantry in the "new army." Dr. Alexander Dean, 
of the borough of Huntingdon, was chosen surgeon 
of the f^econd Pennsylvania Eegiment. commanded 
l)y Col. ,Tohn Piirviance. 

Mexican War.— Congress, May 13. 184(i, declared 
that " by the act of the republic of Mexico a state of 
war exists between that government and the United 
States." Troops were called for, and the President 
made a requisition on tlie Governor of Pennsylvania 
for six regiments. Over ninety volunteer companies, 
numbering eight thousand three hundred and seventy- 
four men, responded to the call. Among them were : 

No. 57. ]y,irrii>r'r M.irl: Fmriljif.'i.—Calitain, James Bell; Firet Lieuten- 

t:(.'lelland, Joseph. 

inch :2.s, IS14, another general militia law ^ 
"V( d by the (iovernor. Sixteen divisions w 
r<\. The Tenth embraced Mifflin and CenI 
:ituting the First Hrigade. and Huntingdon :i 
rfield. the, •Second Hri-ratle. 

XI, Iiivi.i„ii,.I,,,iie< lianks, Mifflin County, IslJ-l.-i, 

X. liiv,.-i ,0, WillMui Steel, Huntingdon V, y, 1514. 

XI. riiv.sion,' First Brigaiie, F.zra Doty, Mifflin County, IMJ 
XI. Division. First Brigade, Lewis Evans, Mifflin C.iuiity, 1M4. 
XI. Divisi.oi, Si-coud Brigade, William Steel, Iluntio^il,.n C. 

\I l>i>i-i,.„. Seeon.l Itrigad.., Arthur Moore, Huntingdon Cc 

Ilri.jade- Insprclor. 
M |ir. isiMii, First Uriga.le, John Young, Centre County, 1SI2. 
XI I'liisioii, Seeon.l Brigade, William Jloore, Huntingdon Co 

No formal call was made upon the volunteers until 
in December, wlien ten companies were ordered to 
rendezvous at Pittsburgh on the 7th of that month, to 
be mustered into the service of the rniied Stales. 
On Thursday, Friday, and Saturilay. loth, 11th, and 
12th days of December, 184(3, eight of the companies, 
being from the eastern jiart of the State, jiassed 
Huntingdon by canal. They were entertained by 
the citizens of the borough during a brief stop on 
their journey. ^V'iIliam T. Wilson, a former enijiloye 
of the Jo«r«a/ office, joined Capt. Dana's company of 
Wyoming Artillerists^ James Ellis. William Sullivan, 
Robert JI. Jones, John Condo, Robert Woods, George 
W. Yeager, and Samuel Holliday left the .same week 
to join the regiment at Pitt-sburgh. These companies 
were organized as the First Regiment, and Francis 
Murray Wyneoop, of Pottsville, was chosen colonel ; 
Samuel \V. Black, of the' Pittsburgh Blues, lieuten- 
ant-colonel; and F. L. Howinan, of the Wyoming 
Artillerists, major. Messrs. Sullivan, Condo, Woods, 
and Yeag.-r joined the Pittsburgh Blues. The Sec- 
ond Regiment was .irganized soon after. 

The Wayne (iiiards mustered into the service at 
Pittsburgh. May l',i, 1S47, was officered as follows: 



Captain, James Caldwell ; First Lieutenant, Dr. 

A. MfKaniey; Second Lieutenant, Dr. C. Bowers; 
Tliird Lieutenant, Jolm A. Doyle; Sergeants, George 
Filey, J. L. Madison, W. A. McMonigle, William 
Westhoven ; Corporals, J. L. Kidd, Jacob Shade, C. 

B. Wilson, A. W. Clarkson. 

This company was raised from citizens of the 
upper end of Mifflin and southeastern part of Hunt- 
ingdon Counties, and it is to be regretted that a full 
roster is not accessible. Besides those named above, 
David Duff, Henry Hazzard, Jacob Hawn, and 
David McMurtrie enlisted from Huntingdon, and at 
the same time William Snare and John Johnston 
were in the regular service. 

A detachment from Huntingdon and Blair, raised 
in the fall of 1846, joined the "American Highland- 
ers," a uniformed company which had been organ- 
ized in Cambria County before the opening of the 
war, and of which the captain was Jolm W. Geary, 
afterwards Governor of Pennsylvania, but at that 
time employed at the "Summit" (now Cresson), in 
the office of John Snodgrass, superintendent of the 
old Portage Railroad. 

Capt. Geary offered the services of his company to 
the Governor of Pennsylvania and they were accepted, 
but as the strength of the " Highlanders" was con- 
siderably below the standard required, he desired to 
fill their ranks by recruitment, and in order to do this 
he proposed to William Williams, of Hollidaj'sburg 
(who afterwards, during the war of 1861-65, was ap- 
pointed and commissioned major in the Fourteenth 
United States Infantry), to raise twenty-five men for 
the company, and for which service he (Williams) 
was to receive the appointment of sub-lieutenant in 
the " Highlanders." Under this agreement twenty- 
two or twenty-three men were enlisted in Hollidays- 
burg and vicinity, among which number Maj. Wil- 
liams now recollects only Thomas Hurd, Frederick 
Hesser, James Mealy, Washington Stone, Andrew 
Dripps, Don Revalon, Robert McNamara, and John 

The detachment of men raised at HoUidaysburg 
and vicinity left that place in December, 1846, and 
joined Geary's " Highlanders," the strength of which 
company was raised by this accession to about eighty- 
five men. At Pittsburgh it was assigned to duty as 
Company B of the Second Pennsylvania Regiment, 
of which Capt. William B. Roberts was elected colo- 
nel and Capt. John W. Geary lieutenant-colonel. 
Upon the promotion of Capt. Geary to the lieutenant- 
colonelcy of the regiment the following named were 
elected to the commissioned offices of Company B, 
viz.: ca])tain, John Humphreys; first lieutenant, 
Samuel W. Black; second lieutenants, Elisha Luck- 
ett and William Williams. 

The company embarked at Pittsburgh on the 
steamer " Cambria," and with the regiment pro- 
ceeded down the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers to New 
Orleans, encamping for a time at Plaine Clialmette, a 

place some miles below the city, and where Gen. 
Jackson fought the British forces under Packenham, 
Jan. 8, 1815. Here the Second Pennsylvania lay en- 
camped adjoining a Mississippi regiment commanded 
by Col. Jefferson Davis, afterwards notorious as Presi- 
dent of the so-called Confederate Stales of America. 
From this camp the regiment embarked on sailing- 
vessels bound for Mexico: Companies B (Capt. 
Humphreys), D (Capt. Murray), and G (Capt. Mc- 
Williams) taking passage on the ship " Gen. Vea- 
zie," Capt. Fairfield. The " Veazie" was driven 
from her course to the coast of Cuba and was at sea 
twenty-five days, during which time the smallpox 
broke out among the men on board, and in conse- 
quence they were landed at Lobos Island, while the 
other transports, with the remainder of the regiment, 
proceeded to Vera Cruz. 

The three companies which were landed at Lobos 
Island from the ship " Gen. Veazie" remained there 
in quarantine for about a month, at the end of which 
time, the smallpox having disappeared, they sailed 
for Vera Cruz, where on their arrival they found 
that that strongly-fortified city had surrendered to 
Gen. Scott, who had already marched with the main 
body of his army on the road to the city of Mexico. 
The Second Pennsylvania had marched inland with 
Scott's forces, but the three companies which had 
been quarantined at Lobos (under command of Lieut.- 
Col. Geary) joined the division of Gen. Quitman 
(which had not yet left Vera Cruz), and marched 
with it to Cerro Gordo, where they arrived after Gen. 
Scott's battle and victory at that place. The "army 
had moved on from Cerro Gordo towards Jalapa, 
where it was overtaken by Quitman's division, and 
where the three companies of the Second Pennsylva- 
nia, under Lieut. -Col. Geary, rejoined their regiment, 
encamping about three miles from the city. When 
the army moved on towards Orizaba, the three com- 
panies of the Second which had come on the "Gen. 
Veazie" remained at Jalapa, being ordered into the 
city on garrison duty. Here Lieut. Williams was in 
command of the company, Capt. Humphreys and 
Lieuts. Black and Luckett being on the sick-list. 
Williams afterwards became first lieutenant of the 
company by the resignation of Lieuts. Black and 
Luckett, First Sergeant Frank McKee being at the 
same time promoted to second lieutenant. From 
Jalapa Lieut. Williams was ordered to Pennsylvania 
on recruiting service, and did not return to the army. 
On his way home, when in New Orleans, he met two 
companies, respectively commanded by Capts. Taylor 
and Caldwell, who were on their way to join the Sec- 
ond Pennsylvania Regiment in Mexico. 

With regard to the two companies above mentioned 
as having gone forward to join the regiment in the 
field, the following information has been obtained 
from Mr. Ira Jenkins, of Huntingdon borough, who 
was a member of the Wayne Guards, which was com- 
posed of men from Mifflin. Huntingdon, and Blair 


Counties, the largest part being from Mitlliii, with 
about fifteen men from Huntingdon, ami aliout 
twenty-five from Williamsburg, Blair Co., ami vi- 
eiiiitv. Aiii'iML' those who went from Huntingilon 
<;.,ui'it.v Ur rr,'oll,.rt> William A. McManigal, An- 
tlioiiy ('olal.iiic, Joseph A. Madison (sergeant), 
Jacob F. SiK-igh, Thomas Richardson, of Cofl'ee 
Run, Joel L. Hoover, of Mount Union, Robert Me- 
Carrel, of Mapleton, the last mentioned four being 



Tlie other com|iany referred to was raised ]irini-i- 
pally in Bedford County, but contained several men 
from Ilollidaysburg and the southeast part of Blair 
County, also a number from Huntingdon County, 
among whom were Robert ^Vood,s, Henry Hazard, 
and Jacob Hawn. The company was raised in the | 
s[)ring of 1847, and organized under command of 
Capt." Taylor, of I'.edford. In May, 1847, it pro- 
ceeded by march and by tiaiisportation on the canal, 
to Pittsburgh, where it was immediately joined 
by Cai>t. ('aldwell's iMi company, and the two ! 
embarki'cl on hoard tlie steamer "Col. Yell," and 
moved down tin' river to New Orleans, wliere they 
arrived early in .luly, and were there met by Lieut. 
Williams i.n his return from .Talapa, as above men- 
tinin-d. They encaiiiiied at I'laine Chalmette (Camp 
Carletoni, below the city, where large numbers of 
men in other commands were sick with measles. 
The disease, however, did not spread to any great 
extent amung the suldiers of the two Pennsylvania 
companies. Alt.r a ^leot M:iy at Plaine Chalmette 
tlie companir- nt (';ipi>. I aldwell and Taylor em- 
barked on the ship " Florida," and proceeiled to 
Vera Cruz, whence they marched with the divi-iun 
of Gen. Franklin Pierce (afterwards President of the 
United States) to Puebla, wdiere the division joined 
the army of Gen. Scott, and where the companies of 
Capts. Taylor and Caldwell were assigned to the Sec- 
ond Pennsylvania, the former being designated as 
L and the latter ii-s M company. 

TheSecond Pennsylvania Regiment having marelu'd 

Ohurubusco, Molino du 
the storming of the Bele 
engagement, as also in 
very heavily in killed 
first regiment to ent.-r 
surrender, Sept. 1:;, 1^1 


[.n the -M of 
Lieut.Cul. r 

t l..~t 

l~ thr 


the SiM' 
id wa^ 

Mexico, where it remained until May, 1848, when it 
marched to Vera Cruz, embarked, and proceeded liy 
sea to New Orleans, and thence by steamers up the 
Mississipjii and Oliio Rivers to Pittsburgh, where tiie 
men were mustereil out of service on the 29th of July 

The War of the Rebellion.— In the great conflict 
of 18iil-i;."), known as the war of the Rebellion, the 
people of Hnntingdoii ami Blair Counties exhibited 
the greatist |)atriotisni and promptness in furnishing 
and torw.inliiig men for service in the Union armies. 
From the time when the first call for troops was made 
known until the surrender of the principal hostile 
army made further calls unnecessary, the young m.n, 
the middle-aged men, and not infrequently the old 
men of these counties responded' to each appeal with 
a patriotic alacrity not excelled in any other part of 
the State or L'nion. 

The war wits commenced in the harbor of Charles- 
ton, S. C, at daylight in the morning of Friday, Ajiril 
12, 1861, by the opening of a heavy fire on Fcjrt 
Sumter fmni the formidable Confederate earthworks 
which ciuireled it. The bombardment was continued 
incessantly during all that day and the forenoon of 
the next, and at about one o'clock p.m. on the Kith 
the fort surrendered, the buildings within its inclosure 
being on fire. On Jlonday, the loth of April, the 
President ni' the United States issued a proclamation 
declaring certain Snuthern States to be in a state of 
rebellion, and ealling for a force of seventy-five thou- 
sand men tu suppic-- it. Of this number the quota 
of Pennsylvania was |ilaeed at sixteen regiments, and 
on the afternoon of the same day on which the Presi- 
dent's proclamation was issued, the Secretary of War 
telegraphed to Governor Curtin asking for two regi- 
ments to march from Pennsylvania within three days 
to the defense of Washington, this State being the 
only one lying near the capital which could be relied 
on to furnish troops for its protection. The Presi- 
di-iit'> eall. with a strong appeal from Governor Cur- 
liii, \\a- tiligiaphed to every i)art of the State, urging 
men tn ii.ini- lurwanl with all possible speed. 

ill re<|i..ii~r to this appeal the Ringgold Light 
.\rtillery, of Itea.ling, the Logan Guards, of Lewis- 
t.iwii, till- Washington Artillery and National Light 
Infantry, of I'ottsville, and the Allen Rifles, of Allen- 
tnwn. promptly offered their services, and being as 
piuiiiptly acce|ited, marched at once for the national 
eiipiial, passing through Baltimore on the ISth of 
April ill the midst of the wildest excitement and the 

bird Inrlhr avowed purpose of iireventing ^by force 
• if arms if mid should be) the passage of the troops. 
Tin- I'riiii-ylvaiiia soldiers, however, preserved their 

Inr-, ami marehed through the city without mo- 

lotalion, and arrived at Washington at seven o'clock 


.■as not less 



from tilt 

tie tlian in the counties wli 




■hen the call of the Presiile[it und the 
appeal of Governor Curtin were flashed westward 
over the telegraphic wires, men of these two counties 
were preparing to march to the defense of the capital, 
and within three days six companies from Blair and 
one company from IliiiitinLidoii were on their way to 
the general rendezvous at Ilanishiirg. A few days 
later another company from Blair, and also another 
from Hnntingdon, went forward to the State capital 
to join tlie ranks of their country's defenders. 

The six companies embraced in this first contribu- 
tion by Blair ('ounty of men for the national armies | 
had previously existed as independent organizations, 
and they became incorporated with the 

Third Regiment of Pennsylvania in the three 
months' service. The Huntingdon County companv 
(whieli also had a previous existence as an in(le|icn- 
dent organization) was then known as the '■,'^taMd- 
ing Stone Guards," and became a part of the Filth 
Regiment, though the date of its muster into the ser- 
vice was the same as that of the Blair County com- ( 
panics which entered the Third. These companies 
of Blair County men which joined the Third Regi- 
ment were designated in the regimental organiza- | 
tion and commanded as follows: Company A (of 
Hollidaysburg), Captain, John R. McFarlane, of Hol- 
lidaysburg; First Lieutenant, John McKeage; Second 
Lieutenant, Thomas Mcl'\arlane. Company B, of 
Altoona, Captain, Henry Wayne (killed at Pocotaligo, ' 
S. C); First Lieutenant, Joseph W. Gardner; Sec- 
ond Lieutenant, John M. Clarke. Company C (of ! 
Williamsburg), Captain, William L. Neff; First 
Lieutenant, Jacob C. Yingling; Second Lieutenant, i 
Robert Johnston. Company D (of Tyrone), Cap- 
tain, James Bell; First Lieutenant, William B. Dar- 
lington ; Second Lieutenant, Francis M. Bell. Com- 
pany E (of Altoona), Captain, Jacob Sczink; 
First Lieutenant, Richard J, Crozier ; Second Lieu- 
tenant, Frederick Shillinger. Company H (of Hol- 
lidaysburg), Captain, Alexander M. Lloyd; First 
Lieutenant, Christian N.Snyder; Second Lieutenant, 
Stephen C. Potts. All these six companies were mus- 
tered into the service on the 20th of April, 1861, 
which was also the date of the organization of the 
Third Regiment, of which these companies formed j 
the principal |.art. 

The rendezvous of the Third Regiment was "Camp 
C;urtin," at Harrisburg, that historic camp being first 
occupied and used as such by G company (from Johns- 
town, Cambria Co.) of the Third, on the morning of ' 
April 18, 1861. The organization and muster of the 
regiment was effected here, as stated above, on the 20th 
of the same month, its field and staft' officers being: 
Colonel, Francis P. Minier (of Hollidaysburg) ; Lieu- j 
tenant-Colonel, John M. Power (of Johnstown); 
Major, Oliver M. Irvine (of Pittsburgh); Adjutant, 
James C. Noon ; Quartermaster, Jacob M. Campbell ; 

Surgeon, R. S. M. Jackson. On the evening of the 
day of muster the regiment received marching orders, 
j and immediately departed from Harrisburg by railroad 
j for Baltimore, but did not reach that city, being 
stopped at Cockeysville, Md., by the destruction of a 
bridge a little farther on, and also at that point re- 
ceiving orders from Gen. Scott to halt at Cockeysville 
and not attempt the passage through Baltiiriore, 
which had been made at the cost of bloodshed by the 
Massachusetts Sixth Regiment on the 19th. On re- 
ceipt of these orders the Third encamped near Cock- 
eysville, and remained there until the 22d, when it 
returned to York, Pa., reaching there in the morning 
of the 23d, and remaining there four days, during 
which time the officers and men of the regiment 
wei'c recipients of most liberal hospitality from the 
citizens of the town. On the 27th the Third moved 
from York to Chambersburg, where it was assigned 
to duty in the Second Division, Second Brigade, 
commanded by Brig.-Gen. George C. Wynkoop, the 
other regiments composing the brigade being the 
First and Second Regiments of Pennsylvania, com- 
manded respectively by Cols. Samuel Yohe and Fred- 
erick S. Stuinbaugh. The regimental camp was about 
three miles from the town, and named "Camp Cham- 
bers." At this camp the Third remained until the 
7th of June, when it moved with its brigade by rail- 
road to Hagerstown, thence marched immediately to 
Funkstown, at which place orders were expected to 
march on Harper's Ferry, Va., where there was a 
considerable body of the enemy's forces in position, 
commanded by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. The ex- 
pected orders, however, were not received, and the 
regiment remained at this camp, quietly engaged in 
drill and other routine duty, for more than three 
weeks, and on the 1st of July moved with Keim's 
division (of which it was a part) to Williamsport, 
Md., on the left bank of the Potomac. On the 2d it 
crossed the river to the "sacred soil" of Virginia, 
and advanced with the troops to Martinsburg, in that 
State, arriving there on the 3d. The camp of the 
regiment was made near the town, to the northward; 
but after a short stay at this place the Third was or- 
dered back to Williamsport, as a guard to the depot 
of supplies which had been established at that point 
for the use of the forces of Gen. Patterson at Martins- 
burg and neighboring points in Virginia. On this 
duty, and in the guarding of communications with 
Williamsport, the regiment remained until after the 
expiration of its enlistment, when, on the 16th of 
July, it was ordered to Harrisburg. Moving by way 
of Hagerstown, Md., it reached the capital of Penn- 
sylvania on the following day, and there, on the 2;ith 
of July, 1861, was mustered out of service. 



econJ svrge.iiit; David Stiller, tliird serg 
r;:('Jiiit; Andrew Leiip, fiist curpornl ; J( 
1 ; Henry B^rr, third corporal; Joseph Zui 
I Weigh'anian, Willialii Weigliaman, mus 

Allien, Francis. 
AIl.a.i[;li, Henry : 
Iiog;:s, Alexander 
C\:nlsf, Geor-e F. 
Charles, Samuel \ 

'rum, William. 

(Mustered in April 2(1, 18C1.) 
plain; Jacoh C. Yingling, firet lieute 

ii..iid heig.ant: Albert B. Flood, th 

; Robert 

c..ri".i:,I; I'.iM.l r Yi 
J. dm A. .-11, K;unv, mu; 

Allendei, James 1). 
Bell, William H. 
Brennenian, Slicliael. 
Biltle, Cliarles. 
Baker, Samuel G. 


Lang, R,il) 
Lucas, Abi 

F.Ttm-y, Matthia 
Fil e, George. 
Ferry. Joseph. 

Eicholl-/,. lie 

Ljun., M, 

nry Wayne 
Clark. Bee 
Wilkes, to 

Sl, se. 
W. It. ed. 

(Mmlered in April 20. I.SCl ) 
in; Joseph W. Gardner, first lieutenant; John M. 
uteuant; John S. Calvert, first sergeant ; Levi .Mc- 
serg'-ant ; John LatTerty, third sergeant ; W'illiam 
■rgeniit; Thomas C. Yingling. first corporal ; Henry 
orporal; William Hook, third corporal; William 

torpolal ; Thomas Coleman, musiciau ; William 

Huuck, lloieey B. 
Hofi'man, William 

Jones, Wi 
Kane, Jol 
Kelly, Jul 

Gaylord, Ge 
Hamilton, < 

William B Darlingtt 


OwenB, Janiea H. 
Owens, William J. 
Pruner, Joseph D. 
Price, Albert II. 
Quinn, Jacob. 
Koacli, E.ibort A. 
Stewart, Juliu P. 
Shive, William C. 
Schmidt, John. 
Stiaithoof, Henry 1 
Smith, Oliver G. 

Scoflehl, William. 
Sneath, Robert. 
Stonebraker, Sanford M. 
Stouebraker, Sanford. 
Schell, Alfred. 
Thompson, James E. 
Watson, Jeremiah S. 
Watson, Samuel A. 
W^urtz, James. 
Wilson, Joseph L. 
Youtz, John. 

{Mustered in April 20, 1801.) 
Jacob Szink, captain; Richard J. Crozier, first lieutenant; Frederick 
Shillinger, second lieutenant; Robert M. Messmer, first sergeant; 
David Counsman, second sergeant ; Alexander H. Stewart, third 
sergeant; Jacob J. Smith, fourth sergeant; John Flanagan, first 
corporal; William B. Bartley, second corporal; Washington Foust, 
third corporal ; Joseph Noel, fourth corpoial ; Charles Inherst, 

Gates, John. 
Gather, George C. 
Griflin, Russell. 
Henshey, John B. 
Henshey, Thomas. 
Hicks, William. 
Hughes, Josei)h. 


, Wil 


Anderson, Samuel T. 
Anderson, Henry M. 
Aiken, Matthew. 
Attick, James H. 
Bush, John H. 
Beatty, Franklin M. 
Barker, Gilbert A. B. 
Beals, Jacob R. 
Beams, John. 
Baer, Harrison D. 
Bartow, Thomas. * 
Boyles, William T. 
Brickner, Frederick. 
Cutler, William B. 
Cruae, George W. 
Clark, John A. 
Divine, John N. 
Duffy, Francis. 
Fechter, Ignatius. 
Fichel, Paul. 
Fry, Robert. 
Fay, Andrew J. 
Finney, Francis. 
Glenn, William F. 
Ginter, David M. 
Garden, Robert B. 
Grifiith, Napoleon B. 
Gunkle, Joseph. 
Hubert, John. 
Hammoud, James. 
Hogentoglor, Nath'l F. 
Isenberg, Daniel, Jr. 

Isett, Washington. 
Kelley, John A. 
Kipple, George H. 
King, Hezekiab. 
Loudon, David M. 
Lynde, Elihu S. 
Laughlin, John M. C. 
McFadden, John E. 
Myers, Joseph. 
Marshall, Alexander W 
McMahan, Mordecai. 
Montgomery, Robert B 
Marshall, William H. 
Miller, Gabriel. 
Moore, James T. 
Marshall, Winfield S. 
■Miller, Samuel H. 
Nightwine, James. 
O'Bourke, Richard. 
Price, William H. 
Parker, Joseph L. 
Parker, Samuel D. 
Quinlan, Patrick. 
Reeves, George. 
Rook, Joseph H. 
Stoddard, Thomas. 
Shandelmeyer, Jacob. 
Stocksleger, Peter W. 
Schiednagle, Anthony. 
Smith, William C. 
Sisler, William. 

Halloway, Michael. 
Howe, James M. 
Hawksworth, George W. 
Huff, Henry. 
Keech, Jcseph. 
Keogh, Edward. 
Krees, George G. 
Kinkead, David P. 
Loesh,John W. 
Long, John D. 
Lear, Willinm. 
Lane, John. 

Lane, George. 
Mason, Robert. 
Maloy, Thomas. 
Miller, George. 
McCliire, Alexander. 
Murray, John. 
Mcllvaine, William. 
Plack, George. 
Ream, Charles. 
Rubs, Joseph C. 
Roush, George. 
Shrader, Frederick. 
Sellers, George. 
Spade, George. 
Thompson, James E. 
Tipton, Caleb. 
Ullery. Daniel. 
Vogle, Jacob. 
White, Benjamin. 
Wildes, Tillinghaat. 
White, Edward. 
Wingate, J. Russell. 

{Mtistered in April 20, 1861.) 
Alexander M. Lloyd, captain; Christian N. Snyder, first lieutenant; 
Stephen C. Potts, second lieutenant ; Augustus Batton, first sergeant ; 
Frank Vogle, second sergeant; Simon B. Barr, third sergeant; Nicho- 
las Stephens, Iburlh sergeant; David K. Yoder, first corporal ; Caleb 
M. Kephart, second corporal ; James T. Pendergast, third corporal ; 
David Barr, fourth corporal ; George Weighaman, Jolin Miller, Jr., 


Barr, Thomas M. 

Ciaig, James. 

Beales, John T. 

Curry, Charles. 

Boell, Harry. 

Cruse, Charles W. 

Boell, William. 

Curry, John. 

Byers, Walter P. 

Cooper, Benjamin. 

Black, Genrge W. Z. 

Clark, John. 

Bradley, William J. 

Dorsey, William C. 

Blain, William J. 

Fr.ank, Christian. 

Blackstone, Dill. 

Fonton, fliarb-s M 

Barr, James. 

Green, Thomas. 

Bryan, Harry. 

Graffius, Abraham. 

The Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania in the three 
months' service included (as has already been men- 
tioned) a previously-organized independent company 
of Huntingdon known as the Standing Stone Guards. 
It was designated in the regimental organization as 
D company of the Fifth, and was mustered into the 
service of the United States April 21, 1861. 

This company, it was stated, left for Harrisburg in 
advance of all other troops from Huntingdon and 
Blair Counties, but if so, the priority of departure 
was only a matter of a few hours, and the men and 
officers of all the companies that then moved in re- 
sponse to the appeal of Governor Curtin were equally 
anxious and eager to reach the scene of action, though 
facilities of transportation were not equally favorable 
to all. 

The Fifth Kegiment was rendezvoused and organ- 
ized at Camp Curtin, where its companies were mus- 
tered into the service of the United States on the 20th 
and 21st of April, 1861. Its field-officers were Col. R. 
P. McDowell, of Pittsburgh ; Lieut.-Col. Benjamin 
C. Christ, of Schuylkill County; and Maj. R. Bruce 
Petrikin, of Huntingdon. The regiment was armed 
and ammunitioned (but not fully equipped in other 
respects) at the State arsenal, and on the evening of 
the 21st of April left the State capital by the North- 
ern Central Railway for Baltimore, but was intercepted 
by counter orders and returned to Harrisburg, whence 
on the 22d it moved by railroad to Philadelphia, 
reaching there in the afternoon of the same day. On 
the 23d it was embarked on steamers for Annapolis, 
Md., where it duly arrived, and remained until the 
I 26th, when it took up the line of march along the 
1 railroad leading to Annapolis Junction, which was 
reached on the same evening, and made its bivouac 
in the full expectation of an attack from a hostile 
force which, as it was rumored, was advancing from 
Baltimore. But the night passed without the expected 
demonstration, and on the following day the regiment 
moved by rail from the Junction to Washington. 

The Fifth Pennsylvania formed a part of Frank- 
I lin's (Fir.-it) brigade, in the division of Col. (after- 



P. Ueiiitzc-liuuii, the other Ijrifiiule. 
ing commanded respectively by (.'< 

■r thi: 

iiid of P,r 

E. C. Wi 

(). (). JiMward and O. B.Wilcox. In the forward 
niiivement cil' the army upon Centreville and Manas- 
sas, the Filth Pennsylvania remained under orders at 
Alexandria, and consequently did not participate in 
the battle and defeat of Bull Run on the 21st of July. 
Its term of service expired on the day of the battle, j 

ordered to Harris- 

ediatelv afterwards 
I'tbe 2oth I 

i S. Ciiuipljell, secoDd sergfant; William H. Fl.:iiner, thit 
Lilt; George A. Simpson, fuurtli sergeuut; Jiinies aicCabai 
ijrponil ; Roliert B. Smith, second corporal ; William S. Wes 
, tliinl corporal ; George W. t'yplier, fourth cor))oral : A. Kii 
iioy, Kdwiii \V, Thoniiis, musicians. 

Black, George A. 

MLTalie. Edward. 

Bradley, .lohn W. 

McMurtiie, Samuel ^ 

Caiman, .lohu. 

JlcJliirtri.-. dame,.. 

Coder, William B. 

Mci:c-e, Clialh-s W. 

Clarli, .tacob S. 


Conch, W. A. B. 

Jlcl-all, .la.-ol,. 

Clark, Alfred. 

31, Keali, Jame*. 

CullLson, .lid.n. 

McAllisler. Alfred. 

CuMiiinshain, J. D. 

.Miller, Adam 1'. 

Defl-enbach, Samuel S. 

Kash, E. K. 

De Armet, .John. 


Douiihoo, John. 

Kiliaid. Saiiiii.d. 

l)eeter,Johu A. 

Roidelt. .hums. 

Dean, George W. 

Slaul.B, Nathaiiicd. 

Eatep, William. 

Shaw, « illuill, 11. 

Fink, John. 

Slamm, J-i|.iK 

Fleck, Augustus. 

Stevens, William. 

Forshcy, Henry. 

SliirtsmaM, William- 


Sleel, Jacob. 

Glazier, William IT. 

Shaffer, I'cter. 

Gilliland, .Tohn W. 

Siieath, t;eorge 

Gillilaud, William D. 

Sneath, Kieliald. 

narvey, George W. 

Souder, John. 

Hoftman, Theophilus. 

Thompson, Robert E. 

Heffiier, Uavid J. 

T.d.ias, ^al^i^. 

Hoffman, John.„,Jo„.phH 

Kneegan, Thomas. 

Vaiid.'Vriid.T, M, 11, 

Lytle, John M. 

Willi >, 11 ri..iiklli 

Long, William II. 

Wag r, William 11. 


Wliilo, .\nlhM„y 

McFarland, Theodore. 

\Vi^.>. William II. 

( »n the Sth of June the regiment with its brigade 
muMil In (ireencastle, where it remained engaged in 
drill and camp duties until the l.")th, when it moved 
sDiitbward with Gen. Patterson's column, and arrived 
at Williamsport on the 16th. Here it remained 
guarding the fords of the Potomac in the vicinity 
and on other duty until July 2d, when the command 
crossed the river into Virginia and moved towards 
Martinsburg, where it arrived in the afternoon of the 
3d, having been slightly engaged (but without loss) 
in a skirmish with the enemy's cavalry on the route. 
It was the expectation that Gen. Patterson's column 
would move from Martinsburg to Winchester, Va., 
to attack the Confederate forces under Gen. Johnston, 
but an order which had been given to that effect was 
countermanded, and the Tenth remained at Martins- 
burg until the loth, when it moved to Bunker Hill, 
Va., and thence two days later to Charleston. Here 
and in this vicinity the regiment remained until the 
23d, when it moved to Harper's Ferry. News had 
been received nf the disastrous result of the battle nf 
Bull Ivun two days before, and Gen. Patterson's posi- 
tion was no longer tenable. The term of enlistment 
of the three months' men had alsf) expired, and on 
the 24th the Tenth with other troops crossed the 
Potomac into Maryland. The regiment marched to 
Hagerstown, and thence moved by railroad to Ilar- 
risburir. where it was mustered out of service on the 


nry M. McConnell, . 
tin y. B. Hardin- 
geant ; George W. 


II, firt 


oral : John Ilof 
; George D. Me 

- i^_. ant 1 .lohn E. Bryant, lliiri 
uurtli sergeant; George W. Trite 
ond corporal; Thomas Elli.s, thin 
iirib corporal; George W.Brady 

The Tenth Regiment of thrue m.-nths' tm.ips con- 
tained one company Iroin Hunlingdini ( 'niinty. desig- 
nated as Company 1, iiiid iHn--terrd iiilo the service 
of the United States April 2(1. l.^Gl. The rendezvous 
of the Tenth Kegiment was at Camp Curtin, where its 
organization was effected, and its several companies 
mustered into the service from the 22d to the 29th of 
April, l.siH. The tield-oflicers nf the regiment were 
Col. Sullivan A. jMere.lilh, Lieut.-Col. Oliver J. 
Dickev. Maj. HirlKird White. On the 1st of :\Iay 
the regiment nmved by railrnad Irnin IIarri>lmrg to 
(;hainiier>buig. Pa., where it w:is as>igned tn the 
Third P.ri-ade nf the Second iCadwallader's) divis- 

Herhcraon, Jacob. 
Ilobson, Thomas. 
Heckley, Allen, 
llevin, Thomas. 

WAR OF THE REBELLION., T1k.iii-i3. Wetlierill, William. 

v.. lilt, Li'i.imnl. Young, William. 

Ill the Fourteenth Regiment (three months' ser- 
vice) was a Blair County company, chiefly from Mar- 
tiiisburg and vicinity. This company, designated as H 
cuni])any of the regiment, was mustered into service 
April -I-i, 1861. Company I of the Fourteenth also 
contained a number of men from Blair and Hunting- 
don Counties. Its commissioned officers were Capt. 
Alexander Bobb, First Lieut. J. C. Saunders, Second 
Lieut. John H. Typher. 

This regiment was organized at Camp Curtin in 
the latter part of April, 1861, under the following- 
named field-officers: John W. Johnston, colonel; 
Richard McMichael, lieutenant-colonel; Charles N. 
Watts, major. It was mustered into the United 
States service as a regiment April 30th. On the 9th 
of May it was moved from Camp Curtin to the fair 
grounds at Lancaster, and there remained until the 3d 
of June, when it moved to a camp about five miles 
from Chambcrsbnrg, and was there assigned to the 
Fifth brigade {Gen. James S. Negley) of Gen. Wil- 
liam H. Keim's (Second) division. 

After a stay of about two weeks at the camp near 
Chambersburg, the regiment moved (June 16th) to 
Hagerstown, Md., and thence on the 20th to a camp 
near Sharpsburg. At this place it remained until the 
2d of July, when it moved with the column under 
Gen. Patterson across the Potomac into Virginia, and 
on the 3d (having encountered Ashby's Confederate 
cavalry on the march of the previous day) arrived at 
Martinsburg, where it remained on provost and other 
duty until the 15th of July, when it moved with the 
forces of Gen. Patterson to Bunker Hill, Va., upon a 
report that the enemy was in force at that i)lace. No 
enemy was found, however, but only his deserted 
camps, and on the 18th the regiment marched to 
Charlestown, Va., and on the 21st (the day of the 
Bull Run battle) to Harper's Ferry, where, two days 
later, the news was received of the great disaster to 
the Union arms. This ended the Virginia campaign, 
and soon afterwards, the term of service of the Four- 
teenth having nearly expired, it crossed the Potomac, 
marched to Hagerstowii, where it arrived on the 
26th, was moved thence by rail to Chambersburg, 
and Trom there to Carlisle, where after a stay of 
eleven days it was mustered out and disbanded on 
the 7th of August. 

Company H. 
Thomas Holland, captain ; William McGraw, first lieutenant; Samuel 
A. Andrews, second lieutenant; David Gildea, first sergeant; .John 
H. Robertson, second sergeant; Joseph Manic, tliird sergeant; George 
S. Hoover, fourth sergeant; David Ligenfeldt, fi^^st corjioral; Jacob 
W.Andrews, second corporal; Mahlon B. Hamilton, third corporal; 
John n. Black, fourth corforal ; Daniel B. Hicks, Thomas Lloyd, 


Brubaker. E 
Burke, Patri 

Donahay, David A. 
Dillman, Simon P. 
Dougherty, Michael. 

Enieigli, Charles. 

I, William 
,John n. 


cy, Luther M. 

Gates, Martin. 
Grooms, David. 
Haiiisey, George. 
Henderson, William. 
Hammond, Edward. 
Hodge, Patrick F. 
Hammers, James J. 
Hammond, Greenbury. 
Huglies, John. 
Hall, George. 

Mowry, William E. 
Miller, Edward B. 
Miller, Henry. 
Mangns, Abraham. 
Mountain, William. 
Myers, Peter. 
McConnell, William , 
Mclnay, John. 
McKenzie, Robert. 
McCartney, James. 
Malone, Christian. 
Nofsker, William. 
0.<iner, George A. 
Perkins, George W. 
llobinson, James. 
Eotherick, Davis B. 
Robinson, William. 
RelTner, James. 
Uough, Andrew. 
Ruggles, Joseph. 
Smith, William. 
Smith, John. 
Smith, David. 
Stiffler, William. 
Shauck, Joshua. 
Vaughn, George. 
Wilt, Josepli. 
Williams, James. 

Company I. 
exander Bobb, captain; J. C. Saunders, first lieutenant; John H. Ty- 

t ; William Knee, first sergeant ; David Bren- 
neman, second sergeant; James McFaddeu, third sergeant ; David 
McKee, fourth sergeant; Johnson C. Ackers, first corporal; George 
Strayer, second corporal: John Grimes, third corporal; Peter Bar- 
ley, fourth corporal ; Thomas Campbell, H. Boner, musicians. 

Brenizer, John. 

Henry, Frederick. 

Brown, Wasliington. 


Brown, William. 


Bartlebaugh, M. 

HerriTigton, Ilora 



Bartk-liaugh, Silas. 


Brown, Jacob. 

Kiehl, Theodore. 

Barr, Reuben. 

Kolb, Henry. 

Burket, George. 

Kurtz, George. 

Bossier, Henry. 

Kurr, William. 

Brenner, Amos. 

Kissler, John. 

Coleman, James. 

- Lyman, Charles. 

Campbell, Lawrence. 

Lingle, Jerome. 

Cook, Charles. 

Leidig, Daniel. 

Carman, Henry. 

Lytic, John. 

Cunra.l, Isaac. 

LitUe, James. 

Dunli. P.John. 

Loose, Samuel. 

Dilser, Lawrence. 

Miller, Edward. 

D..,iels, Edward. 

McGinley, Thoma 

Fore, Yost. 

Muckler, George. 

Fink, Jacob. 

Mordus, Samuel. 

Firth, John. 

Mausaus, George. 

Fight, William. 

McChesne, John. 

Fighter, Clemens. 

Moore, George. 

Firth, Jacob. 


Fite, Abraham. 

Mortis, Sam.iel. 

Funk, David. 

Miller, Samuel. 

Geitly, Jacob. 

Moore, Lewis. 

Guilard, George. 

Mortzer, SamueL 

Greenleaf, Buiner. 

Moss, E.lwin. 

Grove, Amos. 

Nickeson, Charles 

Uimes, John. 

Ruggles, John. 

Hoover, George. 

Roberts, William. 


Spencer, Jninm. W .i-lin,-, J;.im-s. 

Shoeniaii, Diivid. \\ luii, Hi-my. 

Solida, Julii,. \\n, I,, William. 

The Fifteenth Regiment cdiitained oue company ^ 
wliich, though credited to Cambria County, was made ' 
up largely of men from Huntingdon, which county j 
furnished all its commissioned officers, as will be 
found in the roll. This company — designated as 
H of the Fifteenth— was mustered into service on 
the 23d of April, 1861. The Fifteenth Regiment 
was organized at Camp Curtin, its field-officers being 
Col. Richard A. Oakford, Lieut.-Col. Thomas Biddle, 
Maj. Stephen N. Bradford. It was brigaded with the 
Fourteenth, under Gen. James S. Xegley, and its 
history from muster in to muster out is essentially 
the same as that of the Fourteenth. 

A considerable number of men of Huntingdon and 
Blair Counties served in other companies and regi- 
ments, but the companies which have been men- 
tioned above were all which were distinctively of 
these counties in the three months' service. During ' 
their first enlistment they saw nothing of actual war, 
but the greater part of them afterwards entered regi- 
ments raised for three years, and in that term of ser- 
vice became veteran soldiers. Many of them gave 
up their lives on the battle-field, many others died in 
Southern prisons, and hundreds who came back from 
tlie conflict to their homes in the valley of the .lii- 
niata will bear to their graves the scars and wounds 
received in the service of their country. 

Below are given lists of officers and enlisted men 
of the companies from Huntingdon and Blair Coun- 
ties serving in the three months' regiments men- 
tioiicil in the jireceding military sketches, viz. : 

Company H. 
.lu^epli .InhnsHii, captain; Slidiael McNally, first lieutenant; William 
II Sini|~.ij, siconil licntouant ; George W, Harliley, first sergeant; 

McCooll, John. 
McDowell, Matthew. 
N.-lson, William. 

IticlierSLin, George. 
Riin.kilpli, George. 
Steinman, Matthew. 
Steliiey, Henry. 
Stanly, Joseph B. 
Shriver, Frederick. 
Sellers, Jacob. 



After the filling of the first quotas the War De- 
partment changed its policy and ceased to accept 
three months' men, the term of service required 
being three years or during the war, with some ex- 
ceptions of regiments enlisted for shorter times. Dur- 
ing the long struggle Huntingdon and Blair Counties 
furnished large numbers of troops for the armies of 
the United States. Of the movements and services 
of those regiments in which Huntingdon and Blair 
men served separate historical sketches will be given, 
witli lists of their Huntingdon and Blair County 
members. It is admitted, however, that the lists 
given are not entirely accurate or complete, but tlicy 
are as nearly so as it is practicable to make them from 
the records of the adjutant-general's office. 

The Twenty-eighth (three years) Regiment of 
the Pennsylvania line was raised and organized in 
the summer of ISGl, princijially through the efforts, 
and largely at the expense, of its original colonel, 
John W. Geary, who was a veteran officer of the 
jMexican war, and who afterwards became a general 
in the United States service and Governor of t!ic 
State of Pennsylvania. The other field-officers of the 
Twenty-eighth were Lieut.-Col. Gabriel deKorponay 
and Maj. Hector Tyndale. The regiment was of 
unusual size, embracing fifteen companies,' of which 
line ((.'ompany O) was recruited in Huntingdon 
(i.unty: its commissioned officers will be found in 
the iriu>ter-roll. The rendezvous of the regiment 
was a camp at Oxford Park, Philadelphia, where the 
organization was effected, and the regiment brought 
up to the usual strength of ten full companies priorto 
the battle of Bull Run, July 21st. Under the urgent 
eall for reinforcements resulting from that disaster to 
the ['iiidu arms. Col. Geary, with the ten completed 

) fifteen companies 



companies of the Twenty -eighth, left the rendezvous 
on the 27tli of July, and proceeded by railroad to 
Harper's Ferry, Va. ; the other five companies (not 
then completed) being left at camp under Maj. Tyn- 
dale, with orders to join the command at the front at 
the earliest possible time. 

The main body of the regiment on arrival at Har- 
per's Ferry was assigned to the brigade of Col. (after- 
wards major-general) George H. Thomas, in the 
corps of Gen. N. P. Banks. From Harper's Ferry 
the Twenty-eighth moved to Saudy Hook, a short 
distance lower down the Potomac, on the Maryland 
side, from which latter place it marched on the 14th 
of August to Point of Rocks, sixteen miles lower down 
and on the same side of the river, where the regi- 
mental headquarters were established ; but the com- 
mand (divided into detachments, and being joined not 
long afterwards by the five other companies) occupied 
a line nearly thirty miles long on the Potomac (above 
• and below the Point), with picket-posts established at 
about every quarter of a mile the entire distance ; the 
duty being to guard the numerous fording-places and 
ferries, to prevent the crossing of bodies of the enemy, 
and also to stop communication between the disaf- 
fected people of that part of Maryland and the Con- 
federates on the Virginia side. 

In these and other duties the Twenty-eighth held 
the line of the Potomac for more than six months, 
during which time its detachments frequently partic- 
ipated in minor engagements with the enemy across 
the river, and captured in the aggregate a large num- 
ber of prisoners. On the 15th of September, at a 
])oint above Harper's Ferry, the posts of the regiment 
were attacked by the enemy, who was driven back 
with a loss to them of nearly one hundred killed and 
wounded, and four light artillery pieces taken by 
Geary's men. Nine days afterwards the position of 
the regiment at Point of Rocks was furiously but in- 
eftectually assailed by artillery and infantry from the 
south side of the river, the fight continuing for more 
than two hours. A similar affair occurred about the 
28th, in which the enemy was driven from a fortified 
position opposite Berlin, Md., and again, on the 2d of 
October, they were dislodged from their defenses on 
the south side of the river below Weaverton. On the 
16th Col. Geary, with parts of the Twenty-eighth, the 
Third Wisconsin, and the Thirteenth Massachusetts 
Regiments, crossed the river above the mouth of the 
Shenandoah, and fought a brisk battle with the ene- 
my's forces under Col. "Shanks" Evans, of South 
Carolina, and Turner Ashby, of Virginia, defeating 
them with a loss estimated at one hundred and fifty 
killed and wounded, and capturing one heavy piece 
of artillery and ten prisoners. 

The Huntingdon County company (0) participated 
with the regiment and different divisions to which it 
was attached in the many engagements of the several 
campaigns, among which the following were most 
prominent: Nolan's Ferry, Md., Oi't, .^n, isr.l ; B^t- 

lin, Md., Nov. 10, 1861 ; Harper's Ferry, Va., Nov. 
24, 1861 : Bolivar Heights, Va., Feb. 25 and 26, 1862; 
Lovettsville, Va., March 1, 1862; Wheatland, Va., 
March 7, 1862 ; Leesburg, Va., March 8, 1862 ; and 
from that time to the next April the company par- 
ticipated in engagements with the enemy at Upper- 
ville, Ashby's Gap, Rectortown, Piedmont, Linden, 
Front Royal, Middleburg, Salem, White Plains, and 
on April 14, 1862, at Catlett's Station. May 15, 1862, 
a part of the company was captured at Linden, Va., 
and on July 10th the company and regiment were 
assigned to the Second Brigade, First Division, Second 
Corps, under Gen. Banks. Sept. 17, 1862, the com- 
pany and regiment was engaged in the battle of An- 
tietam, and on the 23d crossed the Potomac in pur- 
suit of the enemy. Oct. 28, 1862, the comp.any was 
transferred to the One Hundred and Forty-seventh 
Regiment, and with that command mustered out of 
the service. 

Company 0. 
(Mustered in Aug. 17, 1861. Date of transfer to Company B, One Hun- 
dred and Forty-seventh Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Oct. 2S, 
1802, except where noted.) 
George F. McCabe, captain; J. Addison Moore, first lieutenant; A H. 
\V. Creigh, second lieutenant; Wm. W. Willett, first sergeant; K. 
E. Thompson, S. S. DefTenbangli, M. M. Vandevnnder, William U. 
Glazier, Edwin MoCalicfrrn tn~m-_-l ,Tni 1 , 1"iv.n, ^Trifants ; James 
Moore, David Heffner, '11. hi n K .n :i.i t. I> 'i:,|.[i's Pa. Bat- 
tery Oct. 5, 1861), Wilkri- !■■•. I. ii. .1 " : I :, Im;1), John 
Withersponn. Samuel llinn I i [ ..hi. i .1 I • I- -'-, I ■. . .L.iin Donohue, 
John Shoemaker (pro. to c..r|.. Keh. 2S,, ,.,m i».r;il3; Jacob Mc- 
C.ill, Josiah M. Funk, musicians. 

Barber, Alej. R. 
Barr, John, di.sch. on surg. cert. Dec. 27, 1S61. 


, Ajel. 


SOX, Georg 



Wm. H., I 


sergt. Nov. 1 



Cliarles, t 


to Knapp's Pa 

Battery Oct 

.>>, Ih 



Bard, Thon 


, Wiishing 


Clark, Benj 



n, Thomas 


mded at Antie 

•am Sept. 17, 


Cane, William. 

Cronan, Dennis, trans, to Knapp's Pa. Battery Oct. h, 1861. 

Copeland, William P. Corbin, Matthew. 

Cossart, William H. Corbin, Washington. 

Cedars, Joseph. Dambuskey, H. 

Clark, Amos. 

Davis, James W., wounded, with loss of leg, Antietara, Sept. 17, 1802. 

Duffy, Jolin P., wounded, with loss of leg, Antietani, .Sept. 17, 1862. 

Ditlns, George W. 


irraday, Thomas. 


imn, Thomas. 


bson, Wm, H., tra 

s. to K 

napp's Pa. Battery 

Oct. b, 186 


een, James A. 




erskey, Fredericlc. 


u, Isaac. 


nghes, W. H., pro. 

to corp 

Sept, 1 

, ISOI ; to 

crgt. Nov 


■nkleroad, J. W. 



ughes, Jam.-s. 
nes, Pu.hard. 


biiKon, Thomas, pr 

0. to CO 

p. Jan 

10, 1802 ; 

educed M 


bus, Jess,-, killed 

t Antietam Sept. 17, 1862 

; Autielam Sept, 17. IKi 


UTlli Eegt. 1'. v., Oct. 
Moloney, Sanuit-l C. 
Slurpliy, James. 
Mehan, Blatthew. 
Morgan, Tlioma.-^. 

iiitietamSi'pt. 17, 1SG2. 
McCarrou, Edwin. 
Noally, David. 
O'Neal, James. 

< Pa. Battery Oct. 5, ISCl 
Ronpe, Thomas. 
Riley, Jolin. 
Rankin, Willium. 

, Slav i:., 1S62, 

The Fifth Reserve, or Thirty-fourth Regiment. 
— Till' Fifth Reserve Regiment, inimliered tlieThirly- 
Cuiirtli lit' the Pennsylvania line, was organized ;it 
Camp Ciirtin on the 20th of June, ISGl, heing iiuulr 

Lycoming, Northiiml.i'ilaii.l.Cleaiiielil.rninn. lliiiit- 
irigdon. Centre, liiailluni, and I,anca>liT CMUnlie^. 

maud of Ccd. Lew Wallace at that point. The route 
of the command was from Harri.sburg by the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad to Huntingdon, thence southward 
by the Huntingdon and Broad Top Railroad to 
Hopewell, where it arrived on the night of the 22il, 
the men having been profusely feasted during their 
stop at Huntingdon, where "an ample dinner had 
been provided for the coming soldiers, of which they 
l)artook most freely, and filled their haversacks with 
the choicest dainties.'' 

From the night camp of the 22.1 at Hopewell the 
command moved early in the morning of .Sunday, the. 
2:'.d of June, and took the road for Bedford Springs, 
near which place it encamped on the same evening. 
This was named " Camp McCall," and the two regi- 
ments and battery remained there three days. From 
" Camp McCall" the command marched to the Mary- 
land line, wliere a cam]) was formed called " Camj) 
Mason and Dixim." There it remained until the 
night of the 7tli iif .Inly, when it moved forward and. 
occupied Cumberland, this being done at the urgent 
request of the citizens of the town, who desired it 
for protection against a rumored raid of the enemy's 
cavalry. The attack was not made, being prevented 
doubtless by the presence of the Pennsylvania troops. 
On the following day the regiments took possession 
of the camps previously occupied by Col. Wallace's 
Indiaiiiaii-. On tlie lUth i.f .July the .■•.mmand moved 
tn a i-aiuii al.uut tw., mile, liom New (/reek. Va., 
and twenty miles al)ove Cumberland, wliere a rail- 
riiad bridge hiid been destroyed by the enemy. The 
tiiwn 111' New Creek was occupied imme<liately after- 
waids liy the tniups. and un the 2oih tlu' Fifth moved 
til I'irdniiiiit.lo hold thrtown and atfur-il protection to 

the men 

Amlnw S. H^i 

Liriit.-i',,|. .I,,-,.pli \V. I'l-h.r, ul' LanrnMiT Cminty, 
and M;,j. C.ii-i. l);,,v, of llunlin-dnn Cnnnly. pro- 
miilnl fn.m explain nf 1 cimipany, and -nrrrr^U-l 
ii, the ninimand i.f cunipany by Capl. Frank 

(hi Ihr 21st i.r .limr, tl.r dav Inlliiwing tin. m-an- 
i/,atiiin of the Fiflh niid.T llir almM-nainrd lirlibulli- 

of Ihr Filth by Capl. Siaii-ra C. Sinnnmis of tin 
Sev..rith Regular Inlanlrv, and in (he niurnin- ultli. 
22il the regiment, willi I'.attrry .\. Fir-I rrnii-yl 
vaiiia Artillery, and ihr - r.iirkl.air' iv-ini.ait. nmlr 
Ciil. Charlr- .1. I'.iiidlr, li'll Canip Ciirtiii miiler i.nirr 
I'nim Cm. Smtt In pmrrrd In Cniiil.iTlanil, .Md., ti 
relicv the Llevenlh Imliana Ke-iment, under enni 


thr rditnr nf which jnumal 

V liv the rrheio and from it 

.per called tli 

,e/V«„..yn//»'.//.'<wrrt'," which 

-t of a great 

number of similar publications 

ing thenar 

l)y the editors and printers in 

I,,.,,, ■,,,.„ ',,|- tl 

le Fiflh and the Buektails at 

'",'■ i''>';i""-" 

t. New Crrek,anil neighboring 

e tiiey had f 

rniuent skirmishes with bodies 

•iny's ravalry 

and inl'antrv, alfnrded protec- 

■ ■ Fiiinn p.-i 

iple 111' that region, and by re- 

rrailrna.l lir 

id-es which had been destroyed 

naipiaii-d ra 

11 road communication between 

and Whivlir 

ig. Their campaign was closed 

1 nf Ihr urg, 

lit need of more troops in the 

r Wa^hin-ln 

11 tn protect that city against 

Ird .adv.u 

nf the enemy after the battle 

un. Irirnul 

nrmity to orders recalling this 

Ihr r.-inirl 

Its and battery took up their 



rived on the 31st. There the companies were recruited ] 
to near the maximum strength, and on the 8th of 
August the Fifth was moved by rail to Washington, 
and thence marclied to the camp established for tlie 
reserve division at Tenallytown, Md., as before men- | 

In the orsaiii/atinri ,,( the ilivisioii at the Tenally- 
town camp till' I'llili wa-. a — i'^nr.l to Brig.-Gen. John 
F. Reynolds' I l-'iivi ) lu-iL^ailr, <>( which the other regi- 
ments were the I'ir-f, Srr.>nd, and Eighth Reserves, } 
commanded rrsp.ctivrlv hy Col. R. Biddle Roberts, 
Col. William I'.. Mann, and Col. George S. Hays. 

The regiment remained at Tenallytown about two 
months, a period wdiich was passed in camp routine, 
picket duty, and frequent alarms along the line of 
the Potomac, and on the 9th of October moved with 
its brig.ade and division across that historic stream and 
took position in the line of the Army of the Potomac 
at Langley, Va., at which place the Reserve division 
made its winter-quarters. In the battle of Dranes- 
ville, which was fought on the 20th of December by [ 
theTliird Brigade (Gen.Ord's) of the Reserves, neither j 
the Fifth Regiment jior any part of Reynolds' brigade ' 
took part, having been delayed at Difficult Creek by ' 
orders of Gen. McCall. . 

On the 10th of March, 1862, the Fifth, with the ' 
entire division, moved from the winter-([uarters at | 
Camp Pierpont (Langley) to Hunter's Mills, Va., 
with the expectation of joining in a general advance 
of the army on the Confederate position at Manassas. 
But it was found that the enemy had evacuated his 
line of defenses and retired towards Gordonsville, 
and thereupon the plan of the campaign was changed 
by the commanding general, McClellan, and the Re- 
serve regiments were ordered back to the Potomac. 
On the 14th the retrograde march was commenced, and 
continued through mud, darkness, and a deluge of rain 
to Alexandria, where it was expected that the division 
would embark with the rest of the Army of the Poto- 
mac for the Peninsula; but this was not the case. 
The division of McCall was assigned to duty with 
the First Corps under Gen. McDowell, which, with 
the exception of Franklin's division, was held be- ; 
tween the Potomac and Rappahannock Rivers for 
the protection of the city of Washington. 

From Alexandria the Fifth, with its brigade, 
marched back (April 9th) to Manassas, thence to 
Catlett's Station, thence to Falmouth, and (May 26th) 
across the Rappahannock to Fredericksburg, of : 
which place Gen. Reynolds was appointed military 
Governor. An advance from Fredericksburg along 
the line of the railroad towards Richmond was in- 
tended, but this was found to be inexpedient, and as 
Gen. McClellan was calling urgently for reinforce- 
ments to the Peninsula, Reynolds' brigade was re- 
called from its advanced position on the railroad, the 
entire division was marched to Gray's Landing, and ; 
there (June 9th) embarked for White House, on the : 
Pamunkev River, where it arrived on the 9th of June. 

There had been a vast quantity of stores collected at 
White House for the use of the army on the Chicka- 
horainy, and the timely arrival of the Reserves pre- 
vented the destruction of those stores by a strong de- 
tachment of Confederate cavalry under Fitzhugh 
Lee, who was then on his way towards the Pamunkey 
for that purpose. From White House the Fifth 
marched with its division by way of Baltimore Cross- 
Roads to join the Army of the Potomac in the vicin- 
ity of Gaines' Mill. Thence the division was moved 
to the extreme right, where it took position at Mechan- 
icsville and along the line of Beaver Dam Creek. 

On Thursday, the 26th of June, was fought the 
battle of Mechanicsville, the first of that series of 
bloody engagements known collectively as the "Seven 
Days' Fight," and also (with the exception of the se- 
vere skirmish at Dranesville in the previous Decem- 
ber) the first engagement in which the infantry of the 
Pennsylvania Reserves took part. The Fifth had 
been that morning ordered across the Beaver Dam 
Creek to guard the Mechanicsville and Meadow 
Bridges, and four companies advanced to Mechan- 
icsville. At one o'clock p.m. the enemy appeared 
and drove in the advanced pickets to the creek. At 
two P.M. Reynolds withdrew his brigade and occupied 
the light works which had been thrown up behind the 
creek. The Fifth occupied the left centre of the 
brigade line, being posted in the partial cover of a 
belt of woods on the left of the road. The enemy, 
advancing in strong force, attacked with great im- 
petuosity, the Georgia and Louisiana troops wading 
Beaver Dam Creek where the water reached up to 
their belts, and charging again and again with fierce 
determination. Reynolds' brigade on the right re- 
ceived and repelled the severest assaults in the con- 
flict, which raged through the whole afternoon, and 
only ceased when darkness closed down on wood and 
stream. The entire loss of the Reserve division was 
two hundred and ten killed and wounded and two 
hundred and eleven missing, of which number tlie 
Fifth Regiment sustained a loss of fifty killed and 

Through the night succeeding the battle tlic men 
of the Pennsylvania Reserves slept on the field of 
conflict. At daylight on the morning of the 27th of 
June the Fifth, with its companion regiments, with- 
drew from the line of the Beaver Dam, and moved 
down parallel with the Chickahominy, some two or 
three miles, to Gaines' Mill, where Gen. Fitz John 
Porter's corps (of which the Reserves formed a part) 
was placed in line of battle for the renewed conflict, 
which was inevitable. Butterfield's brigade occupied 
the extreme left, Sykes' division of regulars the 
right, and McCall's Pennsylvanians were placed in 
the second line, Meade's brigade being on the left, 
near the Chickahominy, and Reynolds' brigade on 
the right of the line of the Reserves. Approaching 
the Union lines from the direction of Cold Harbor 
and Dispatch Station were the Confederate com- 



mands of Gens. A. P. Hill, Longstret-t, D. H. Hill, 
and (farther away, but moving up with all possible 
speed) the corps of the redoubtable "Stonewall" 
Jac-kson, in all more than fifty thousand men, against 
half that number on the Union side. The battle 
was opened by a furious attack on the regulars com- 
posing Porter's right. These, after having repulsed 
the enemy in his first attack, finally gave way before 
a renewed assault. The battle raged luriously during 
the afternoon, the Fifth, and other regiments of the 
Reserves in the second line, being constantly under a 
severe artillery fire. Between four and five o'clock 
the Second and Third Brigades were advanced to the 
first line, and at once became heavily engaged, the 
enemy making a furious and most determined assault 
at that point of the line. " The Filth Regiment, on 
my left," said Maj. Stone, of the Bucktails,m his offi- 
cial report, "the conduct of which afforded a con- 
stant example of courage and discipline, answered 
tlie enemy with the most terrific fire." In that peril- 
ous position the regiment stood fast, and held its 
ground against repeated charges, until the men had 
exhausted their ammunition, when they retired be- 
fore a flank assault made by the veterans of Stone- 
wall Jackson.' ,Ju>t then thr famous Irish Brigade 
moved past them rapidly to the front, poured in a 
destructive volley, and bravely held the enemy in 
check, while the wearied men of the Fifth fell back 
with empty cartridge-boxes, but without panic or 
disorder, to the Chickahominy. During the after- 
noon of the battle the command of the Fifth devolved 
im Lieut.-C'ol. Fisher, Col. Simmons being in com- 
mand of the brigade. The heroic Gen. Rcynnlils, 
the brigade commander, became separated from his 
troops, and was captured by the enemy on the fulhiw- 
ing morning. The losses of tlie Fil'tli Rei;iiueiu in 
this engagement were nut rf|inrtid separately fn>ni of the succeeding fniir dnvs. 

The day of Gaim-.' Mill ,],.~'.:\ i„ 1,1 1 ;,,id ,\'l\-.n 

to the Union force-, and diirin- tin- iii-lil thr -bat- 
tered Pennsylvania i;.~cr\,-. with th.- ..tlur iruup^. 
succeeded in crossing tlir ( 'hirkalii.ii;iii\- and di-tniy- 
ing the bridge bflniid, tli..uL'li Iwo hrid-r^ 
farther d.iwn the stnam i liuttoiuV and Lon- r.rid-.- , 

• ituaticm of affairs the gn 
day morning, decided on 
IV to .Tames River, where 

'iliiig uf it ttftPi-wurils, paid a liigli compliment to tlie g.illiint 
of tlic IVinisylvanla Ilcscrvcs on that fidij, ami said, " It was 

troops were informed of the proposed change by 
an apparently triumphant announcement (intended 
merely to encourage the soldiers, and lighten in some 
degree the gloom of the great disaster) that a new 
flank movement was about to be executed that would 
surely and swiftly result in the capture of Richmond. 
No such assurance, however, could conceal from the 
intelligent men who formed the Army of the Poto- 
mac that their backs, and not their faces, were now 
turned towards the Confederate capital, and that the 
" change of base" was made from necessity rather 
than choice. 

During the day succeeding that of the Gaines' Mill 
battle the Fifth Reserve lay in quiet on the south 
side of the Chickahominy, near the York River Rail- 
road. On Sunday, the 29th, it moved with the other 
regiments to and White Oak Swamp, and at 
evening came to the vicinity of Charles City Cross- 
Roads, where on the following day a fierce battle 
was fought, in which the Fifth took gallant part. 
The first assault of the enemy at Charles City Cross- 
Roads was received at about one o'clock in the after- 
noon of the 30th. At about thr^e o'clock the Fifth 
became heavily engaged, and, with the Eighth, 
charged the Seventh and Seventeenth Virginia Con- 
federate Regiments, putting them to complete rout, 
and capturing many prisoners. Later in the day the 
Fifth fought desperately, repelling repeated assaults 
of the foe, and losing its commander, the brave Col. 
Simmons, who was mortally wounded, taken pris- 
oner, and died in the hands of the enemy. No abler 
or more gallant officer than Col. Seneca G. Simmons 
ever led a regiment to battle. The division com- 
mander, Gen. McCall, was also taken prisoner in this 

in the terrible battle of Malvern Hill, which was 
f .light in the afternoon of the following day (July 
1-^t I. the Fifth being held with the division in reserve, 
did lint become actively engaged, though it lay for 
liiuirs under a heavy fire of artillery. The iiattle 
ii|iened about four o'clock P.M., and from that time 
until darkness closed the roar of musketry, the crash 
of artillery, and the howling of canister was uninler- 
mitting. Finally the carnage ceased, and the men of 
llii- Xi)rtli lay down on the field (as they supposed) 
(.r viituiy. lUit at about midnight orders came to 
fall ill lor a march, and the Pennsylvania Reserves, 
wiili "tber commands of the Army of the Potomac, 
iiioveil >ileiitly down the hill and away on the road 
to Berkeley (or Harrison's Landing), where they ar- 
rived and camped on the 2d of July. The loss of 
the Fiftli Reserve Regiment in the seven days' bat- 
tles from the Chickahominy to Malvern Hill was 
one luuulred and thirty-three killed and wounded, 
and one hundred and three taken prisoners. By the 
death of Col. Simiiioiis, Lieut. -Col. Fisher was pro- 
moted to eolonel, Maj. George Dare to lieutenant- 
colonel, anil Capt. Frank Zentmyer to major of the 


After a dreary stay of about six weeks at Harri- 
son's Landing tlie Fifthi brol^e camp, and from that 
time to the final muster out Companies G and I par- 
ticipated in the several battles in which the regiment 
was engaged, among which were the second Bull Run, 
Aug. 20, 1862, in which Lieut. R. W. Smith, of Com- 
pany G, was killed; South Mountain, Antietam, 
Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. In February, 
1863, was sent to Washington to rest and recruit. 
In battle of ( ietlyslmri;. I'a., in July, 1863; War- 
renton, Bristur Shitioii, Mine Run, and then sta- 
tioned at Alexariilria thn.ugh the winter of 1863-64. 
In battle of Wilderness, Perkin's Store, Fredericks- 
burg, and Orange Turnpike, May 6, 1864; Spott- 
sylvania Court-House, North Anna River, Bethesda 
Church, May 30, 1864, which was their last battle. 
They left the field June 1, 1864, and proceeded to 
Holmesburg, Pa., where the whole regiment was re- 
ceived with joyous demonstrations l)y the people of 
its native State. 


Company G. 

(Mustered in June 21, ISGl, except where noted. Date of muster out 

I. D to capt. Jan. 12, 1802 ; disch. 
; Fredericksburg Dec. 13, 1862. 
t. to capt. Aug. 25, 1803; brevet 

Deui I 1.1 ( " 

t 1 11 1 Re„t P V Junes, lkt,4, vet 

Di\ - I 1 1 1 

» t hiMction Dec 19, lSb3. 

EU 1 1 

1 1 11 IS! 2 

Edwiii 1 

11 In ksl.urgDec 13,186 

Eveiai W , Ui 1 

i,., L . 1 IM. f wmnJsrecd a 

Foust Fred, nek 

F.bher Pnnklin 

trans t 1 ) Ellct l(i Isfl 

Fowler Samuel k 

llled at New Market Cross Roadi June 

Oe.sseiige, I) II 

Ginett Bermrd, 

disch on surg certif April 2, 1803 

Gilbl.nd Willun 

, diach onsui, ceitif May 4, ISO, 

(,.een, Ol.arUs, tr 

ma to Vet lie? CorisSLpt 1 1803 


Hite, Tbomas M , trans to 191st Regt P V lune C 1S64; v. 

Hall, Thomas, trans, to 191st Eegt. P. \ . June 6, 1804 , \et. 

Hoover, Joel, disch. on surg. certif. Sept. 13, 1802. 

Herbert, Micriael. 

Ii-vin, Samuel. 

Irvin, Daniel, killed at Spottsylvania Court-House May 10, 1 

Johnson, John, disch. on surg. certif. Nov. 2, 18G2. 

King, John P., trans, to 19Ist Eegt. P. V. Juno 0, 1S04; vet. 

Keitli, Andrew, killed at New Market Crusi-Roads June 311, 

Lloyd, Thomas, disch. i)U surg. certif. Nov. 10, 1802. 

Louther, William, trans, to Vet. Kes. Corps Sept. 1, 1803. 

Moyer, John. 

to 191st Regt. P. V. June 0, 1.S64; ve 
191st Regt. P. V. June 0, 1804; vet. 
1. by order War Dept. Dec. 10, 1802. 

JlcCabe, Samuel S. 

McDonald, Henry. 

Nash, George H. 

Miller, David H., 
Bliiore, James, tra 
Morgan, Franklin 

h. Oct. 24, 18G2. 
es. Slay 16, 1862. 

O'Brien, John, disch. by order of War Dept. Dec. 10, 1862. 

- 1 Ntlieut.Aug. 23,lS03;toadjt.May 
; „ 1,05.. 
Au„. i:., 1S03. 
). from sergt.-maj. to 2d lieut. Aug. 8, 1862 ; 
), 1802. 
pro. to 2d lieut. Aug. 2!-,, 1863 ; brevet 1st 

Powell, Ephraim. 

Pope, Daniel. 

Pope, Edward. 

Pro.igh. Samuel, trans, to 191st Regt. P. V. June 0, 1804; vet. 

Pope, John, killed at New Market Cross-Roads June 30, 1302, 
Parks, John, killed at New Market Cross-EoaJs June 30, 1802 

Rowland, James. 

Ramsey, John, disch. on surg. certif Dec. 4, 1802. 

K -rt, Ge..,rge, di.-ch. on surg. certif. Dec. 23, 1802. 

KicliiirJ Mere, 

th, Istsergt., w 

junded and pris 

sner a 

Dec. 13, IS 

,2; died at Rich 

nond, Va., Dec. 


Jacob Havvn, s 


Patrick Kelly, 


David Sl.outz, 


Henry Eckley 

Thomas Given 

seigt!, died Oct 

1, 1802, of wo 



17 th. 

Alexander Sha 

nnon, sergt. 

David Decker, 


Peter L Posle 

. Corp. 

Andersui, Slew 

irt, rorp. 

Robert McCar 

ell, corp, trans. 

to lOlst Regt. P 

V. Ji 

Franklin Cout 

191st Regt. P. \ 

. Jon 

John S. Heude 

son, Corp., disc 

. on surg. certif 


John C. Smith, musician. 

W.H.Wickernian, musician. 

Allison, Steel, disch, on surg. certif. Jan. 21, 1802. 

Brewster, James C. 

Brinder, David, killed at Wilderness May 7, 1864. 

Cox, William, trans, to 19l8t Regt. P. V. June 6, 1864; vet 

Couta, George, trans, to 191st Regt. P, V, June 6, 1864 ; ve 

Cairns, John, died of wounds reed, at Spottsylvania Court-I 

Corbett, Luther, killed at Fredericksburg Dec. 13, 1862. 
Couta, Henry, killed at Antietam Sept. 17, 1862. 
Corbiii, Harrison, killed at Fredericksburg Dec. 13, 1802. 
Couch, Cyrus. 
Corbin, George. 
Campbell, Charles. 

Stehley, Benjam 


Stewart, Asbnry 


11, John, di 

ch. on surg. certif JIarcl 

,5, 1803. 

Sweeney, John, t 

rans, to 191st Regt. P. V. J 


;, 1804. 


rt, Joseph, 

killed at Bull Run Aug. 3 




rl, Al.niha 

n, killed at Spottsylvania 


-House May 

er, Willian 


s, W 



n, Simon. 


, David. 


, Thomas, 

trans, to lOlst Eegt. P. V. 


0,1864; vet 


mson, San 

uel, disch. on surg. certif. Oct. 

0, 1802. 



ercd in J. 

ne 21,1861, except where 
Juno 11, 1804, except wl 
capt., pro. to maj. Aug. 1 


d. Date of 

J. A. McPherran, 2d 

Israel D. Kinch, 2d lieut., pri 
killed at Fredericksburg 

, 1861 ; pro. to capt. Co. F 

fi-om 1st aergt. 

t. Oct. 1,1862; 


pro. to Corp. Feb. 1, 1)*02 ; to sergt. Sppt. 2, I Nash, John. 
1, ISfi-.;. ' Nash, Alexander, tmns. to lOUt Regt. P. V. Ju 

Williani C. I'littei-son, serst 

, pro. 

to c 


George W. Spe:,ke.-, sr-rgt., 

"•"• ' 

) s.-r 

Geort'e Gensamore, serst. 

J. F. BHth..rst,siTgt.,(lisi-l, 



erickslmi- Dec. i:!. ISO 





James A. All.nin, Corp. 

Alexander Dickson, Corp. 

David Knee, corp. 

Samuel Spangler, Corp., .li.« 



if. Jai,. 2S 
N. H., .-..rp., disch. on snrj;. i-ertif. Jan 211, isr,.i. 
Jolin \V. .\yrp.s Corp., iliscli. Ang. n,lSG:i,for wound! 

M..nnlain .Sept. 14, 1S(;2. 
Miles Jl.i.ire, Corp. .Tan. 24, ISOI ; tians. to 131st R.-gt. 

James U. Worts, Corp. Martli 1, I8('.4; trans, to KUst 

ISIU; vet. 
Ricliard H. Dare, musician Jinu- 21, isni. 

Ayres, .lames V. 

, 1SG2. 
received atSoutli 
r.V. June 6, isr.4; 

Regt. r.V. JnneC, 

P. '\-. 

ottlieb. Reader, Dauie 

, George A., trans, to I9]st Regt. P. V. Ji 

inibrr-.T, n. F.. 
-warl. David D. 

illiani. Strepler, Jacob, 

loel, Tate, Edward. 

Joliii P., died at Forage .Stjition, Va., June 


Ii. by Gen. Order Oct. 10, 1SG2, 
o Mattery C. 6th U. .S. Art. No 
s. to 191st Regt. P. T. June 0, 
:'amp Pierpont, Va., Jan. 21, I 
131st Regt. P. V. JuneO, ISCJ 

orgo B., must, in June S, 180:'.. 
I, trans, to 119lh Regt. P. V. Jnn 
1, trans, to Vet. Res. Corps. 

up Tenally, D C, Aug. 21 
lerirksburg, Va,, Dec. 13,1 

t I'amp Tenally. D. 
July 19, l.«r.l ; 
cksburg Dec. l;), ISi 

; Nor 

, Josep 

Kelly, William. 

Klepper, Johii, discli. on surg. certif. Auf 
Kincli, Emniinger, trans, to Signal Corps 
Knee, Henry, trans, to 191st Regt. P. V. . 

, Milt,. 

Twelfth Reserve Regiment, —the Forty-first of 
the PL-iinsylvania line,— was uji '.f companies 
which had been raised for tlie three months' service 
but failed to secure acceptance, one of them being 
tlie Hniilinirdon (iuards, from Huntingdon County, 
whicli boc;iiiio ( 'oiii|iany I of the regiment, the 
oriL.'inal .•niiiiui--i<iTicd officers being Capt, James C. 
r.akcr, Lieut. IVrry Etchison,and Second Lieut. 
Samuel J. Cloyd. The Twelfth was organized at Camp 

Curtin, where it 
service .\u-. l<i. " 
H. Tag-art. ol ] 
Bailey, of Vuik 
Nrjrtliampt'iii ( '. 

Baltimore and .' 
serve divisio 
signed to the 
The histoi 

mustered into the United States 
1. ISC.l. its fiold-olficers being Col. .John 
I ]'liiladcl|>liia; Lieut.-Col. Samuel N. 
rk Cnuiily: and -Maj. Peter Baldy, of 
Coiiiilv. On the day of muster the 
'amp ('iiniii. and proceeded by way of 
1 A'a-hingtMii t,. the camp of the Pe- 
at Tenallytown. Md., where it was as- 
rhird Brigade. 

of the Twellth is much the same as 
that of the Fifth Re.serve Regiment, both being in 
the ■''anie division (though for more than a year in 
ililferent brigades) during their terms of service. For 
the general movements of the Reserves, therefore, 
ni; r.ii.r m:iy be had to the history of the Fifth al- 
riady given. The latter regiment, however, was not 
in the battle of Dranesville, Dec. 20, 18(31, where the 
Twelfth took part in the engagement, but without loss. 
In March, 18()2, the regiment moved with the division 
to Hunter's Mills, Va., thence to Fairfax Court- 
House, to Centreville, to Manassas ,luii<tinii. .■md to 
Fredericksburg, Va. The Hunting.lon company 
(P. which bad been statinned at Manassas Junc- 
tinii, manlicd thence with the Fifth Reserve Regi- 
ment, and arrived at Fal nth, opposite Fredericks- 
bur-, on the 11th of Mav. 



At Fredericksburg the Twelfth joined the forces of 
Gen. Irwin McDowell, and Gen. Ord was succeeded 
by Gen. Truman Seymour, in conimaud of the Third 
Brigade. From that place it moved with the division 
to the Virginia Peninsula, marching from White 
House Landing to Mechanicsville, where it became 
a part of the corps of Gen. Fitz John Porter. 

In the battle of Mechanicsville, June 26, 1862, the 
Twelfth occupied the extreme left of the line, where, 
at about four o'clock p.m., the enemy made a desper- 
ate attempt to flank by sending a heavy force down 
the EUerson Mill road. In the desperate conflict 
which followed the attempted e.xecution of this move- 
ment the Twelfth fought with unsurpassed bravery and 
determination, e.xpending one hundred rounds of am- 
munition, and holding the ground against a greatly 
superior force until darkness closed the fight. Between 
three and four o'clock on the morning of Friday, the 
27th, the regiment retired with the division to Gaines' 
Mill. In the battle which was fought there on that 
day it was posted in support of Easton's battery, and 
remained on that duty and under a tremendous artil- 
lery fire for more than three hours. At about half- 
past five o'clock the enemy assaulted in very heavy 
force, but was held in check for a time, with heavy 
loss on both sides. At dark the Twelfth with other 
Reserve regiments retired to the Chickahominy, and 
before midnight had crossed that stream by the Wood- 
bury bridge. The loss of the regiment in the battle 
of the 27th was thirty-one killed and wounded. On 
the 2Sth (the day following the battle) the Twelfth 
was on picket along the Chickahominy. At three 
o'clock A.M. on Sunday, the 29th, it marched as guard 
to the reserve artillery train, moving on the road 
leading across White Oak Swamp to the James River. 
In the afternoon of the 30th it was engaged, as was 
also the Fifth Reserve, in the battle of Charles City 
Cross-Roads, receiving a sudden and tremendous at- 
tack by a heavy force of the enemy, losing sixty-five 
killed, wounded, and missing. At midnight the 
Twelfth marched from the field on the road to" James 
River, halting at Malvern Hill, where Gen. McClellan 
massed the reserve artillery, and made his dispositions 
for a determined stand against the advancing enemy. 
In the battle of Malvern Hill, July 1st, the Twelfth 
was held in reserve and not actively engaged, though | 
being for hours under a heavy fire of artillery. In j 
the latter part of the night succeeding the battle it 
marched with the division for Harrison's Landing, 
where it arrived in the forenoon of July 2d. This 
was the end of the series of battles known as the 
Seven Days' fight, in which the Twelfth lost seventy- 
three killed and wounded and thirty-six missing. 

On the evacuation of the position at Harrison's 
Landing the regiment moved to the Rappahannock, 
and fought under Gen. Pope in the second Bull Run 
battle, August 29th and 30th, losing forty-three killed 
and wounded. Crossing into Maryland, the Twelfth 
fought in the battle of South Mountain, losing twenty- ! 

five killed and wounded. The men fought htre with 
the greatest gallantry and determination, forcing their 
way up the mountain-side in the face of the enemy, 
and bivouacked for the night on the summit. At 
Antietam, on the 16th and 17th of September, the 
regiment was again engaged, fighting with its accus- 
tomed bravery, and su.staining a loss of sixty-one 
killed and wounded and three missing. 

In the great battle of Fredericksburg, on the 13th 
of December, the Twelfth suffered the severe loss of 
eighty-three killed and wounded and thirty-four taken 
prisoners. Its position was with its brigade on the 
extreme left, three miles below the town of Freder- 
icksburg, where it crossed the river on pontoons. 
On the 13th a fierce assault was made on the enemy's 
works and they were carried; but no support was at 
hand, and the brigade was forced back, with the 
above-stated loss to the Twelfth. After the battle 
the regiment recrossed the river with the army, and 
reoccupied its previous camp. It took part in the 
dreary "mud march" made in January, 1S63, by the 
army under Gen. Burnside, and was soon after or- 
dered to the defenses of Washington, and to rest and 
recruit its decimated ranks. 

From Washington Company I, nl' Huntingdon 
County, moved with the regiment in all its marches 
and participated with it in all the battles in which it 
was engaged to the close of the war, among which 
were the Gettysburg campaign, where it took an ac- 
tive part in the struggle. It was engaged with the 
enemy at Broad Run, Va., Rappahannock Station, 
Oct. 14, 1863, New Hope Church, Nov. 26, 1863, 
battle of the Wilderness. Spottsylvani.a Court-House, 
Va., Gurnea Station, Jericho Ford, and Bethesda 

The re-enlisted men and recruits of the Hunting- 
don company were transferred to the One Hundred 
and Ninetieth Regiment, which was actively engaged 
until the close of the war. 



(Miistereil out M,irch 17, ISGi:, cxceiit wlirvc- ij.'tc.l) 

I of thia compuny on lili- ^it iuljnliml-geii- 

Capt. .Tames C. Baker, must, in Feb. 6, 1KC.2; (lied July 7. isil-i. 

(Japt. Cliill W. Hazzai-U, must, in J:\ly 30, 1S61 ; pro. to uapt. April 20, 

18G3 ; brevetted maj. Marcll 13, ISGo ; must, out vvitli eonipauy June 

11, 1SC4. 
First Lieut. Perry Etcbison, res. July 18, 18G2; must, in Mar.^l. 17, 1802. 
First Lieut. William H. Myers, must, in July 2-1, IsGl ; jiro. from 

sergt.-maj. to Ist lieut. April 20, 1803 ; brcvuteil capt. March 13, 1SG5; 

must, out with company Juno 11, 1S04. 
Seconil Lieut. Samuel J. Cloyd, must, iu Murcli 17, USG2; discli. Jan. T, 

Second Lieut. Frank D. Stephens, pro. from private to 1st sergt. April 

24, 1862; to 2d lieut. April 24, 1863 ; prisoner at Gaines' Mill June 

27, 1862; wounded at Fredericksburg Dec. i:!, 18G2 ; trans, to Co. D, 

190th Regt. P. v., June 1, 1864. 
First Sergt. Andrew J. Deniming, captured at Weldon Railroad Aug. 19, 

First Sergt. WiUiamW. Woods, must, in Aug. Hi, ISGl; must, out uilh 

company June 11, 1S64. 
Sergts. Thomas M. KeUy, David Long, .lobn C. Rinker, R. Y. Askin, 




Corps. Jtisppli Beeru. David Hari' ■ I , I >• I w li i, I' i . i i 
John n. Cl.ilcoal.Willinm II li i v, in, 

D. Long, IlL'tiry C.»n !■ -] ■ . > \ , : !: .i 

1864; die<lii prisoner, dale "111. >-:,'!.- - n ^Im: 
at Weldoli Kiiilroad Aug. 19, ]siAi. 

Musidans, John Harvey, (Joorgo W. Weiglit. 

Alherl, Henry, must, in .\pril r>, 18IV2. 

Allen, Rohert J., must, in Ai>ril 5, lsn2. 

Barker, George S. 

Baker, Josiah. 

Butts, John F., must, in Auk. Id, ISGl ; must, out with lou 

Black, John, tiana. to C. Il, iniith Iii-f.'t. V. V., June 1, ISC 
at Weldon Railroad Aug. l!l, l.stil ; died, date unknown. 

Briggs, Jolin A. 

Bypuss, Herni.TTi, must, iu March 27, 1SIJ2. 

Carother, William H., trans, to Co. D, 190th Kegt. P. V., Ji; 
prisoner at Weldon Railroad .\ug. 19, ISM; died, date u 

Cornelius, .Tolin. Copenliaven, Wdliam. 

Cloyd, Thomas, must, in April 5, 1802. 

Duffleld, James R,, must, out ivith company Jun.' 11, isr.4. 

I)e Armitt, John C, trans, to Co. D, lUOth Regt. V. V., Jn 
prisoner at Weldon Railroad Aug. 19, IsG-l. 

Durboran, Isaac II., mu. 

t. out with comp 

ny Juno 11, 


Aug. 10, IS61. 

Elliott, .lames A. 

Giles, James P., trans, to 

Co. D, lomh Regt 

P. v., June 1 

, 1804 ; 

at Wel.lon Railroad Aug. 19, 1S64. 



ck, Aquilla. 

Flick, George W. 


man, James 


Hamnuin, Peter. 


ck, Jeremia 

Harvey, William. 

Hicks, Thomas J. 

Hudson, Augustus B., must, in April .5, 180 


Johns, John E. 


1, James. 

Kelly, Alfred. 



Kelly, Tliomas S. 

Livinghotuse, B. F., tra, 

s. to Co. D, 19utl 

Kegt. P. V 

, June 

pris.iner at Weldon 

lailroad Aug. 19, 

S04; died, date unl 

Lcerd, George. 

Locke, Jonathan, must, i 

1 March 20, 1802; 

trans, to Co 

D, 190 

1'. v., June 1, 1804 

prisoner at WolO 

on Railroad 


died, date unknown. 

Locke, Daniel, must, in March 29, 1802. 

Livinghouse, J. C, must. 

in March 29, 1802 

trans, to Co 

11, 191 

P. v., June 1, 1804; p 

isoner at Weldon 

R.ailn,ad An 


Sw.artz, liaMi.-l,m 


•J9, 1802. 

Thoma.s, Josei.h, ■ 

lUSt. 1 

1 March 29, 18G2 

Aug. 19, 1804 


t prisoner, date . 

Taylor, George B. 


in Ap 

il ,•;, 1802. 

Vauglin Thomiis 


Wright, Henry C. 


to Co. 

D, 190111 1 



The Forty-ninth and Fifty-third Regiments.— 

In the organization of this regiment there were in- 
cluded two companies from Huntingdon County, viz., 
C company, Capt. John B. Milet- (afterwards pro- 
moted to major and to lieutenant-colonel, and killed 
at Spottsylvania May 10, 1864), and D company, 
Capt. James D. Campbell. The other companies of 
the regiment were recruited in Chester, Centre,Mifflin, 
and Juniata Counties. The rendezvous of the Forty- 
ninth was at Camp Curtin, where it was organized in 
.■^ejiteniber, 1861, under the following-named firld- 
officers: Colonel, William H. Irwin; Lieutenant- 
Colonel, William Bri.shane; Major, Thomas M. Hil- 
lings. The regiment left Harrisburg on the 22d of 
September and proceeded to Washington, D. C, wliere 
it was assigned to Brig.-Gen. W. S. Hancock's (First 
brigade of Gen. " Bald.y" Smith's division of the 
Fourth Corps, commanded by Mnj.-Gen. Erasmus D. 
Keyes. After being assigned, the regiment was en- 
camped with its brigade at Lewinsville, Va., where 
and in which vicinity it was employed in camj) and 
pieket duty till March 10, 1862, when it move<l for- 
ward with the army toward Manassas, and thence ( when 
that place was found to have been evacuated by the 
enemy) back to Alexandria, Va., where, on the 24th 
of March, it embarked and proceeded to Newjiort 
News, where it arrived on the 26th. On the 4th of 
April it moved with the .\rmy of the Potomac up the 
Peninsula, and nn the .'>th :irrived in front of the 
enemy's position on the linr extending from York- 
town to the James River, It lield its position along 
the left bank of the Waruirk River until Sunday, 
May 4th, when it moveil lurw;ird with tlie nther 
troops of the army in pursuit of the enemy, who had 
evaeuated his Yorktown line and was retreating 
towards Richmond. The Confederate forces were 
overtaken that night, they being in a strong position 
near the town of Williamsburg, where a heavy battle 
was fought on the following day, the fight being 
ojiened by Hooker's division at daylight, in the midst 
of a drenching rain, which continued through the 
day. Hancock's brigade occupied the right, the 
Forty-ninth being on the left centre, with the Sixth 
."\rainc on its right, and the Forty-third New York on 
its left. It was ordered into the fight at about eleven 
o'clock A.M., and moved forward unflinchingly, en- 
countering the Confederate brigade of Gen. Jubal 
Ijarly. At the first shock Hancock's men recoiled 
and retired a short distance, then rallied, charged, 
and drove the enemy back in di.sorder and with heavy 
loss, including about three hundred prisoners taken 
liy the lirigade of Hancock. Many of the prisoners 
were of the Fifth North Carolina Regiment, which 
confronted the Forty-nintli Pennsylvania, which 
fouglit witli uni'xcelled braverv. and, with the other 



regiments of Hancock's command, was highly com- 
mended by Gen. McClellan for gallant conduct in 
this engagement. 

During the night succeeding the battle the enemy 
retreated from his strong line at Williamsburg, and 
two days later tlie Army of the Potomac moved for- 
ward in pursuit. The Forty-ninth advanced by way 
of Old Church and Cold Harbor to the Chickahominy 
in the vicinity of New Bridge. It remained on the 
north side of the Chickahominy until the 5th of 
June, when it crossed that stream by the " Grape- 
vine" bridge, and moved to Garrett's Hill. On the 
26th it stood in line of battle to take part in the ex- 
pected movement on Eichmond, led by Hooker's 
division. On the 26th was fought the battle of Me- 
chanicsville by the Pennsylvania Reserves on the 
extreme right, the Forty-ninth taking no part, being 
on the opposite side of the Chickahominy. During 
the day of the battle of Gaines' Mill (June 27th) the 
regiment was in line waiting orders, and towards 
evening was briskly attacked by a Confederate force 
from Richmond under Gen. Magruder, but sustained 
little loss. In the night of the 27th it moved to 
Golding's farm, and on the following day became 
warmly engaged at Peach Orchard with a force of the 
enemy under Gen. Robert Toombs. The loss of the 
regiment in the actions of the 27th and 28th was 
thirty-three killed and wounded. On the 29th it re- 
pulsed the enemy handsomely in a minor action at 
Savage Station, on the York River Railroad, and on 
the same night took up its line of march for James 
River, which it reached (at Harrison's Landing) on 
the 2d of July, not having taken active part in the 
battle of Charles City Cross-Roads, on the 30th of 
June, nor in that of Malvern Hill, July 1st. 

At Harrison's Landing the regiment (which sufl'ered 
there very severely from sickness) remained until the 
16th of August, when it marched thence down the 
Peninsula by way of Williamsburg to Fortress Mon- 
roe, where it was embarked on the 23d and proceeded 
up the Chesapeake and the Potomac River to Alexan- 
dria. On the 27th it marched from Fairfax Seminary 
with Franklin's corps to the relief of Gen. Pope, who 
was then hard pressed by the enemy south of Manassas. 
It reached Centreville, but did not go beyond that 
point, and consequently was not present at the second 
Bull Run battle. On the night of August 31st it 
marched from Centreville back to its previous camp 
at Fairfax Seminary. On the invasion of Maryland 
by Gen. Lee, it moved from Fairfax (September 5th), 
crossed the Potomac, and took part in the engagement 
at Crampton's Gap on the 1-lth. On the 17th (the 
day of the great battle of Antietam) the regiment 
marched from Pleasant Valley, Md., to the scene of 
action, reached the field, and formed line of battle, 
but was not ordered into the fight, though it lost 
several men by the fire of the enemy's artillery. 

On the 19th the regiment moved from Antietam to 
the Potomac, which it crossed a few days later, and 

advanced by successive marches to Warrenton, to 
Stafford Court-House, to Belle Plain, and to Fal- 
mouth, on the Rappahannock, opposite Fredericks- 
burg. In the great battle at that place on the 13th 
of December, it crossed the Rappahannock with 
Franklin's grand division on the extreme left, and 
was posted in support of batteries, but was not en- 
gaged against the enemy's infantry. On the 16th it 
recrossed the river, and soon after went into winter- 
quarters. On the 9th of January the regiment was 
consolidated into four companies, and Maj. Miles and 
other supernumerary officers were ordered on recruit- 
ing service, by which means the regiment was nearly 
filled during the winter. 

In the reorganization of the Army of the Potomac 
after Gen. Hooker assumed command of it, the Forty- 
ninth was assigned to Sedgwick's (Sixth) corps. First 
Division, Third Brigade, commanded by Gen. Russell. 
Marching on the campaign of Chancellorsville, the 
regiment crossed the Rappahannock on the 29th of 
April, placing the pontoons in position for the passage 
of Sedgwick's corps, and losing several men in per- 
forming that service. From the south bank of the 
river it moved with its division to the heights in the 
rear of Fredericksburg, where the enemy was found 
strongly fortified. The regiment remained in front 
of these works until the 30th, when it moved to the 
river and remained till May 3d, when it again moved 
forward and lay under a heavy artillery fire for several 
hours. On the same day it moved through the town, 
and became sharply engaged in skirmishing near 
Salem Church. Again on the 4th it was engaged in 
skirmishing until nightfall, when it sustained a fierce 
attack by the enemy until forced to retire towards the 
river. On the 5th it recrossed the river at Banks' 
Ford, and returned to its old camp-ground at White 
Oak Church, having experienced but light loss in the 
campaign of Chancellorsville. Moving northward 
on the campaign of Gettysburg, the men suffered ter- 
ribly, marching day after day in excessively hot 
weather and through clouds of dust raised by the 
myriad feet and hoofs and wheels of the advancing 
column. The regiment crossed the Potomac at Ed- 
wards Ferry, and advanced to Westminster, Md., 
whence it marched towards Gettysburg. It arrived 
on the field at about 2 o'clock p.m. on the 2d of July, 
and was placed in position in support of the Fifth 
Corps. On the morning of the 3d it was placed on 
the extreme left, but, with its corps, was changed dur- 
ing the day to the right of Round Top, where it stood 
in line ready to enter the fight, but was not ordered 
in, suffering only a slight loss from the artillery fire. 
After the battle it moved (July 5th) in pursuit of the 
enemy, but did not become eugaged except in a 
skirmish on the 12th. 

Crossing the Potomac into Virginia, the Forty-nintli 
was employed in various movements and marches 
during the succeeding summer and fall. In the 
morning of November 7th, it marched with its corps 


from Warreiiton to ;i point near Rappahannock Sta- 
tion, where tlie enemy was found strongly intrenched 
near tlie river. Late in the day the ])osition was at- 
taclced by Ru.ssell's brigade (including the Forty-ninth 
Regiment), and just as the twilight fell the work was 
carried at the point of the bayonet. The effective 
force of the charging brigade was but about thirteen 
hundred men, while the works were well supplied 
with artillery, and held by fully sixteen hundred 
Confederates, who were taken prisoners, including 
one hundred and twenty-eight commissioned officers, 
of whom two were commanders of brigades ; and 
among the material captured were four pieces of artil- 
lery with caissons and a large quantity of ammunition, 
eight battle-flags, and nineteen hundred .stand of 
small-arms. For the carrying of the intrenched line 
with the bayonet, and the seizing of the enemy's pon- 
toon-bridge, the Forty-ninth and other regiments of 
the assaulting column were warmly complimented in 
general orders by Gen. Sedgwick, who said they de- 
served " especial honor" for their steadiness and gal- 
lantry. The loss of the Forty-ninth in this engage- 
ment was thirty killed and wounded. Afterwards, in 
the affair at Mine Run, the Forty-ninth lay for some 
hours under artillery lire, but was not engaged, and, 
retiring with the other troops, went into winter-quar- 
ters at Hazel Run, where about two hundred and sixty 
men re-enlisted for the war, and where, during the 
winter, the regiment received large accessions of re- 
cruits and drafted men from Penn.sylvania. ( »n the 
23d of April following Maj. Miles was proniotid to 
the grade of lieutenant-colonel. 

In the spring campaign of 1804 the regiment 
marched with its division, crossed the Rapidan at Ger- 
mauia Ford on the 4th of May, and on the following 
day was engaged in the first of the battles in the Wil- 
derness, losing thirty-four killed and wounded, but re- 
pulsing the enemy and holding the field. In the early 
morning of the 6th the battle was reopened and kept 
up during the day, the heaviest fighting being in front 
of the Forty-ninth and its division. During the night 
it moved to the left, and was engaged in heavy skir- 
mishing through the following day. Still moving by 
the left, it arrived before noon of tin- Sth at Laurel 
Hill, where a action ensued. » hi tin- '.Uh <ien. 
Sedgwick, the corps commander, was killed, while 
selecting a position on the left. He was succeeded in 
the command by Gen. H. G. Wright. Gen. Ru.ssell, 
of the brigade, now took command of the division, 
and was succeeded as brigade commander by "ion. 
Eustis. On the 10th the regiment was cmiiiiually 
under fire, and late in the day charged with the di- 
vison, carrying the enemy's works in its front, and 
taking several pieces of artillery and more than eight 
hundred prisoners, but afterwards being compelled to 
abandon the positimi and the captures, retiring before 
a heavy reinforci'nient. In the cliargr ami subsequent 
retreat across ojicii ground swept by artillery and 
musketry, the regiment l(i>t sixty-tivo killed (among 

whom was Lieut.-Col 
wounded and missing. 

Miles) and two hundred 
Among the wounded were 
Lieut. B. H. Downing, of D company, and Lieut. 
Hilands, adjutant of the regiment. The dead and 
many of the wounded were necessarily left in the 
hands of the enemy, and the bodies of Col. Hulings 
and Lieut.-Col. Miles were not recovered. 

On the 12th of May the regiment was again en- 
gaged near Spottsylvania Court-House, charging 
with other troops on that part of the Confederate 
works known as the " Bloody Angle." The fight 
raged all day, and the slaughter was terrible, but the 
works were carried and occupied by the Union forces 
on the following day. L'p to this time, in the nine 
days which had elapsed since the regiment crossed the 
Rapidan, its losses had been three hundred and ninety- 
one killed, wounded, and missing, reducing its num- 
bers to about one hundred and thirty-five effective 
men, with which it entered the engagement of .June 
1st at Cold Harbor, where it fought for two days ; 
then, with the other troops, left the position, marched 
to and crossed the James River, and moved to the 
front of Petersburg, where it remained posted .at sev- 
eral diflerent points in the lines encircling the be- 
leaguered city till the 11th of July, when, with the 
other commands of the Sixth Corps, it was embarked 
and transported to Washington City, where it arrived 
on the 12th, and was at once marched out to meet the 
Confederate column, which, having entered Maryland 
across the Upper Potomac, was moving under com- 
mand of Gen. Early to the assault of the works around 
the national capital by way of Monocacy. The in- 
vading force made a precipitate retreat before the ad- 
vance of the grim and battle-scarred Sixth Corps, 
which kept up the pursuit until it had crossed the 
Potomac and reached Berryville, Va. It then re- 
turned to the vicinity of Washington, when it was 
soon learned that Early had commenced vigorous 
hostilities in the Shenandoah Valley against the forces 
of Gen. Philip H. Sheridan. The Sixth Corps then 
marched rapidly to Harper's Ferry, where it crossed 
the Potomac, and, advancing up the valley, joined 
Gen. Sheridan's Army of the Shenandoah. 

At Winchester, on the 19th of September, the Forty- 
ninth took parr in the battle by which the enemy's 
forces were routed and sent " whirling up the valley." 
In that action the regiment lost forty-nine killed and 
wounded. " In the heat of the engagement," says 
Bales, "a shell burst near the top of the color-stafT, 
scattering to the winds the few remaining shreds of 
the Hag," A new State flag was presented to the 
regirmnt on the 26th of October. 

After the battle at Winchester the Forty-ninth with 
its brigade remained in the town, guarding prisoners 
and on other duty, until the 29th of October, when 
the brigade rejoined the division and corps at Cedar 
Creek. In November, after the army of Gen. Sher- 
idan had expelled the Confederate army from the 

irdered back 



army in front of Petersburg, and arrived there on the 
5th of December, immediately after which time the 
Forty-ninth went into winter-quarters on the Weldon 
Eailroad. On the opening of the final campaign of 
the war in the spring of 1865, the regiment moved on 
the night of April 1st, and on the morning of the 2d 
took part in the grand assault which broke the Con- 
federate line and caused the evacuation of Peters- 
burg, the enemy retreating during the succeeding 
night towards Danville. The Sixth Corps pursued 
and overtook and fought the flying Confederates at 
Sailor's Creek, routed them, and took seven thousand 
prisoners, incUulini; tliricufneral ofiicers. The Forty- 
ninth lost in that ailimi hut slightly, — seven killed 
and wounded. Frdin this iicid the regiment marched, 
in charge of prisoners, to Appomattox Court-House, 
where it arrived on the day of the great surrender 
(April 9th). After that decisive event it moved to 
Danville, Va., reaching there on the 27tli, and re- 
maining until the 23(1 of May. The surrender of the 
Confederate army under Gen. Johnston in North Car- 
olina had ended the war, and the Forty-ninth then 
turned homeward, and marching through Richmond 
arrived on the 2d of June at the Washington defenses, 
where it remained until the 15th, when its history 
was closed by muster out of the service. 

The list of officers and enlisted men of the Hunt- 
ingdon County companies in the Forty-ninth is as 
follows : 


Capt. John B. Miles, must, in Aug. 5, ISGl ; pro. to maj. Oct. 16, 1S62. 
Capt. J. B. Eckebarger, must, in Oct. 2, 1801 ; pro. to 1st lieut. Oct. 10, 

1S61; discli. Nov. 19,1803. 
Capt. A. Boyd Hutchinsou, must, in Aug. 31, 1861; trans, to Co. G, date 

Capt. James C. Smith, must, in Aug. 31, 1801 ; pro. from 1st sergt. to 2d 
.lieut. Oct. 20, 1862; trans, from Co.G Junell, 1803; pro. to 1st lieut. 

Feb. 26, 1864; to brevet capt. Aug. 1, 1804 ; to capt. Juno 3, 1805; 

must, out with company July 15, 1865. 
First Lieut. F. W. Wombacher, must, in Sept. 10, 1S61 ; pro. to capt. 

Co. E March 16, 1864. 
Second Lieut. A. G. Dickey, must, in Aug. 31, 1861 ; res. Oct. 27, 1802. 
Second Lieut. Cliristian Dale, must, in Dec. 31, 1861 ; trans, from Co. G 

Jan. 11, 1863; pro. to 2d lieut. March 4, 1S64; com. capt. Co. F 

June 27, 1805 ; not mustered ; mustered out with company June 15, 

• First Sergeant John Miller, must, in Aug. 31, 1801 ; trans, from Co. G 

j Jan. 11, 1863; pro. from Corp. to sergt. Sept. 19, 1804 ; to Ist sergt. 

I April 6, 1805 ; com. Ist lieut. July 14, 1S64; not mustered; mustered 

} out with company July 15, 1805 ; vet. 

I First Sergt. Jeremiah C. Brown, must, in Aug. 30, 1861 ; trans, from Co. 

j G Jan. 11, 1863 ; must, out Oct. 28, 1864. expiration of term. 

I First Sergt. Calvin Cain, must, in Aug. 31, 1861 ; trans, from Co. G Jan. 

[ 11, 1863 ; pro. to 1st sergt. Oct. 23, 1864; killed at Petei'sburg, Va., 

i April 6, 1865 ; vet. 

' First Sergt. George S.Ketner, must, in Aug. 31, 1861 ; trans, from Co. G 
Jan. 11, 1863 ; pro. to 1st sergt. March 4, 1864 ; killed at Winches- 
ter, Va., Sept. 19, 1804 ; vet. 

I Sergt. Henry Entriken, must, in Oct. 10, 1861 ; pro. from Corp. to sergt. 

i Sept.l, 1862;, 1863; must, out with com- 

' pany July 15. 1865; vet. 

' Sergt. James F. Moore, must, in Sept. 9, 1861 ; pro. to corp. Sept. 10, 1862 ; 

I trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 1863 ; pro. to sergt. Oct. 24, 1864 ; com. 2d 

\ lieut. July 14, 1865 ; not mustered ; must, out with conjpany July 15, 

Sergt. Samuel D. Osborne, must, in Sept. 3, !S0l ; pro. to Corp. Sept. 1, 

1862; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 1803; pro. to sergt. April 6, 1865; 

must, out with company July 15, 1865 ; vet. 
Sergt, Harvey Moore, must, in Sept. 12, 1801 ; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 

1803; pro. to sergt. Oct. 31, 1S04; absent, sick, at must, out; vet. 
Seigt. Rolrert B. Smith, mii>t. in Aug. 30, 1861 ; trans, from Co. D Jan. 

11, 1803; must, out Oct. 23, 1804, expiration of term. 
Sergt. Samuel Stewart, must, in Aug. 15, 1801 ; discli. on surg. certif. 

Sept. 17, 1861. 
Corp. Eugene Jeffries, must, in Sept. 9, 1801 ; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 

1803; pro. to corp. March 4, 1864; must, out with company July 15, 

1865; vet. 
Corp. Jolin T. Hall, must, in Sept. 12, 1801 ; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 

1803; pro. to corp. Oct. 24, 1804; must, out with company July 15, 

1805; vet. 
Corp. H. W. Marshall, must, in Sept. 3, 1801 ; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 

1803; pro. to Corp. Oct. 24, 1864; must, out with company July 15, 

1805; vet. 
Corp. Merritt D. Stalbird, must, in Sept. 9, 1861 ; trans, from Co. E Jan. 

11, 1863 ; pro. to corp. July 1, 1865 ; must, out with company July 

15, 1865 ; vet. 
Corp. Enos S. McCafferty, must, in Sept. 4, 1861 ; trans, from Co. F Jan. 

II, 1803; pro. to corp. Nov. 1, 1804: must, out with company July 

15, 1865; vet. 
Corp. John M, Duey, must, in .\ug. 31, 1861 ; trans, from Co. G Jan. 11, 

1803 ; pro. to corp. Sept. 19, 1864; killed at Petersburg April 6, 1805 ; 

Corp. Mm 



ma. from Co. F Jan. 
ed in action; buried 

. from Co. G Jan. 11, 

aii.s, from Co.G Jan. 

IS. from Co.G Jan. 11, 

. from Co. G Jan. 11, 

a, Joseph, must, in Aug. 31.1861; trail 
1863 ; must, out with company July 15, 1805 ; vet. 

Armpruster, G , must, in Aug. 31, 1861 ; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 1803 ; 
must, our with company July 15, 1865; vet. 

Arney, Edward, must, in Nov. 2, 1804; must, out with company July 

Ambrosi', -, Ihn-I 


Beufer, Lulhrr, iiiu.^t. 

killed at Cold Harbor June 1, 1804. 
Butler, David R., must, in Sept. 3, 1861 ; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 1863; 

died of wounds received at Cold Harbor June 1, 1865; vet. 
Barnes, Robert P., must, in Sept. 12, 1861 ; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 

Beck, Edward J., must, in March 18,1802; trans, from Co.G Jan. 11, 

1863; must, out March II, 1^'-, . -,[ ii.n; f 1,1 in. 

Beck, Jeremiah C, must, in F, 1 . ; - , ii.,ni Co. D Jan. 11, 

1863; must, out Feb. 27, 1.^1 ', :,i 1 , ■ ni 
Berkhiuier, J. 1:,, must, in Auu .1,; I, i .n- li -lo I'o. G Jan. 11, 1863 ■ 

' , 1-:; trans, from 

Co. D Jan 



; - , 

Co. G Jan 



i ■•! trrni. 

. iKUis. from 

■■0. a Jan. 



1 . nans, from 

Co.G Jan 



1 111 II lit term. 

1,1.^61; trans, from 

Co. G Jan 



from Co.G Jan. 11, 1863; 
rns. from Co. D Jan. 11, 


Barnaclf. Willi 'n:, niu-i in .\i,_: in 

1803; must, out Oct. 23, IS04, e.Npiralion of term. 
Brozer, William B., must, in Aug. 31, ISOt ; trans, from Co. G Ji 

1803 ; disch. on surg. certif. Feb. 6, 1863. 
Baumgardner, A., must, in Sept. 7,1801; trans, from Co. D Jan. 11, 1803 

disch. on surg. certif. Jan. 13, 1863. 
Bruman, William, must, in Aug. 31, 1801; trans, from Co.G Jan. 11, 

1863 ; disch. on surg. certif. Jan. 17, 1803. 
Carter, James, must, in Feb. 9, 1864 ; must, out July 15, 1865. 
Campbell, Jo.seph, must, in Marcli 12,1802; trans, from Co.G Jan. 11, 

1863; must, out with company July 1.5, 1865; vet. 
Carroll, John, must, in Sept. 9, 1801 ; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 1863 ; 


Jan. 11, 1S63; 
Co. F Jan. 11, 
Co. G Jan. II, 

Corbin, William, ninst. in .\ufr :;1, 1 -' ! , i .: - 

captured; died at Andei-S"ti\ il ' i \ . 
Coon, John J., must- in Sept. '.I. 1 . ' : 

captured; died at Anderenri Ml; '-^ >>t . 
Cateraon, Eobert A., must, in Sei^t. lo, I^Gl ; ti; 

18G3 ; disch. on surg. certif. Jan 6. 18(i4. 
Campbell, David S., must, in Aug. 31, 18G1 ; tr 

1803; disth. on surg. cerlif. Nov. 10, lS(i3. 
Crosthwaite,J. T., must, in Aug. 31,1861 ; trans from Co. G Jan. 11, 18(53 

wounded at Cold Harbor Juno l,18i;4; must, out Oct. 2.3, 1864, expi 

ration of term. 
Cromer, George W -i i[i \ii- 1 l^-l ; tiaus. from Co. D Jan. 11 

18G3; must. out", r I ! \i u cf term. 

Coucb, Robert A., ini.- n \.. : I -■ I ; trans, from Co. D Jan. 11 

Hoy, Jobn H., must, in Aug. 31, 1861; trans, from Co. G Jan. 11, 1863; 

discli. on BUrg. certif. July 27, 1864 ; vet. 
Henderson, James F., must, in Aug. 31, 1861 ; trans, from Co. G Jan. 11, 

1864 : trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Sept. 30, 1863. 
Hodgson, Francis M., must in Oct. 10, 1861 ; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 

1863; trans, to Signal Corps Aug. 12, 1S63. 
Uilands, Roland, must, in .Vug, 15, 1861; disch. on surg. certif. Dec. 16, 

Huston, Benja 

Aug. 15, 1861; disch. 


Couts, Clni- 
Colyer, " i 
Coder, Jacu 

. D Ja 

) Jan. 

, 1863 


lif. Starch 

must, out Oct. 23, 1864. expiration of term. 
Clark, Alfred, must, in Sept. 11, 1861 ; disch. o; 

Clarkson, Benjamin F., must, iu Aug. .10, ISOl ; trans, from Co. D Jan. 

11, 1863; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Sept. 21, 1863. 
Coonroy, Nicholas, must, in Aug. 15, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif. April 

Dunkle, John N., must, in March 12, 1862 ; trans, from Co. G Jan. 11, 

1863; must, out with company July 15, 1S65; vet. 
Debler, P.iul, must, m Sri.t. 9. ISGl ; trans, from Co. F Jan. U, 1863 ; 

Dolby, Thomas 0., 

Jackson, Robert S., must, io Sept. 12, 1861; trans, from C«. F Jan. 11, 

1863; must, out with company July 15, 1865; vet. 
Keene, Joseph L., must, in Sept. 9, 1861 ; trans. from Co.F Jan.ll,lS63; 

absent, sick, at must, out : vet. 
Kuarr, Levi T., niusl. in Au.- :il, 1861 ; trans, from Co. G Jan. 11, 1S63; 

disch. -n ■■;i- . . ir ■ I. -n, ]863. 
Knight.c;. 1. 11 -.|it. 8, 1861; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 

186."-; Ill- '1 - }, expiration of term. 

Kaup, WilliiDii li , IN,-; ;m \mv-. 31, 1861; tnrns. from Co. G Jan. 11, 

1863; must- mit ikt. Si, 1.m,4, expiration of term. 
Lcvengood, ElBnger, must, in Sept. 6, 1S61; trans, from Co.F Jan. 11, 

Leech, Alexander, must, in Feb. 9, 1864. 
Lichty, William, nnist. in Aug. 31, 1861; trans, from Co. G Jan. 11,1863; 

must, out Oct. 23, 1864, expiration of term. 
Lawner, Henry E., must, in Aug. 31, 1861; trans, from Co. G Jan. 11, 

1863 : must, out Oct. 23, 1864, expiration of term. 
Lowry, Jose],li, mu-t. in Aug. 31, 1861 ; trans, from Co. G Jan. 11, 1^63 ; 

must, out Oct. 23, 1864, expiration of term. 
Lanver, Charles It., mu>t. in Aug. 31. 1861 ; trans, from Co. G Jan. 11, 

lS63;(li-.K '11. 111.- r.-i 111, Jan. 31, 1863. 

nel S., 

, 1SU4, 

Dixou, George " 
David, John M., 

:xpiratioD of 

must, in Aug. 3(i, 18 

ist. out Oct. 23, 18G4, expirat 

M., must, in Aug. 30, 1861; 1 

must, out Oct. 2.3, 1864, expiration of 
Davidson, Miles, must, in Aug. 16, 1801; 

Deal. Edmund, must, in Aug. 16, 1861 ; ki 
Eby, Daniel, nmst. in June 18, 1864, 8ul 

puny July 15, 1805. 
Eckenroth, Charles, must, in March 15, 1362; trans, from Co. G. Jan. 11, 

1863; disch. on suig. certif. Feb. 6, 1803. 
Evens, Machia, must, in Aug. 15, 1861 ; disrh. on surg. certif April 21, 

Foster, Henry, must, iu Aug. 31, 1861 ; trans, from Co. G Jan. 11, 1863. 
Franks, John, must, in Aug. 15, 1861 ; died Jan. 16, 1862. 
Fif/jendd, Eeuison, must, in Aug. 15, 1801 ; killed June 2S, 1862. 
Oreen, Denson M., must, iu Sept. 17, ISCI ; trans, from Co. D Jan. 11, 

1863; absent on detached service at must. out. 
Gilchrist, Samuel A., in Sept. 28, 1861 ; trans, from Co. V .Ian. 11, 

1863; killed at Cold Harbor Juno 1, 1864 ; vet. 
Griilis, John, luu-l- ill S'l'l. 0, 1801; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 1ni;3; 

in. from Co. G Jan. 11, 1863 ; 

Miller,.Io-i,l ,1 11 - ,1 ;, 1 SOI ; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 1.563; 

1, Va., grave 559. 

absent, . 

ins. from Co. F Jan. 11,1863; 

Moody,Kau,,i 1,111-1-1 in>-|-t 12,1861: trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 1863; 

• rm. 

died at Washington, D. C, Feb. 0, 1863. 

trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 

.Masterson, William, must, in Sept. 9, 1861 ; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 

11 of term. 

1803; must, out Oct. 23, 1804, expiration of term. 


Maye.s, Thomas C, must in An._- M. ISfil; trans, from Co. G Jan. 11, 


1803; must, out (lit j;, l-t -m iioinn of term. 

, trans, from Co. D Jan. 11, 

Jloon, Jesse H.. mu.-ti-i -ii ;j l- ; 1 1 mis, fn.m Co. F Jan. 11,1863; 

n of term. 

must, out Oct. 2;i.lM.i,-x|-ii,,ii--iinr i.-rm. 

ms. from Co. D Jan. 11, IS6;; ; 

Millard, Charles F., must, in .-epi. -.., l,~..l ; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, '63. 


JlcCoole, Jacob, must, in Aug. 31, 1801 ; trans, from Co. G Jan. 11, 1863 ; 

*ch. on surg. certif. June 10, 

must, out with company July 15, 1865; vet. 

:>IctiMillen, J.-liii, uiii,t, in Aug. l-Msol ; killed in action June 28, 1862. 

ed June 27, 1802. 

Naylor. Willi 111, T m-i-l i, --;-; - ]■- I i- m. fi,-ni Co. F Jan. 11, 

titute; must, out with com- 

1803;. h , 1 ,- - - ^ , 1- ; ; ! ui-i,-.d at Culpeper 


il 0, 1865; vet. 

1, ISCI ; trans. from Co. F Jan. II, '03 
I SGI ; trans, from Co. G Jan. II, 186:!; 

. 1-1 I ; di.sch. by G. 0. May 211, 1805. 
, 1-' 1; Hans, from Co. F Jan. II, 1863; 

-1 I; 111, ns, from Co.F Jan. 11, 1863; 

-I ; tl..liS, from Co. r Jan. 11. 1863; 


li'Neal. James, must, in Sept. 12, 1861 ; trans, from Co. F .Ian. 10, 1863; 

disch on surg. certif. April 17, 1803. 
I'reston, Joseph J., must, in Sept. 10, 1861; trans, from Co, F Jan. 11, 

1803; nuist, out Oct, 23, 1864, expiration of term, 
Pedrick, Lyman, must, in Sept. 9, 1861: trans, from Co. F Jan. 11,1863; 

disch. an snrg. certif. .Ian. 2, 1864. 
Sniilh- Jacob, must, in An-, ;',1, isni ; trans, from Co. G Jan, 11, 1863; 

^^lllllll, i: L-i- c, must. 111 F.-l.. s, 1m;i, trans, from Co,!;, Ian, 11,1863; 

Sturt/lniiii, .1,11.1-. -t. 1-1 1,11 :-, l--;:, trans, from Co. D Jan. II, 

Secor,(; Ill- II,-,-; 11 ~-r 1-1. ;■' I , 111, ii<, from ("o. F Jan. 11,1863; 

Smiley, John, inusl, in S,-pt IJ. I.-<i;l ; trans, from Co. F , Jan, 11, 1863; 

Spear, Anilrew J,, must, in Sept. 11, 1861; trans, from Co F Jan. 11, 

18G3; must, out Oct. 23, 1864, exiiiration of term. 
Shorthill, James, must, in Aug. 31, 1861 ; trans, from Co. G Jan. 11, 

1SG3; disch. on snrg. certif. Feb. 0, 1863. 
ShafTuer, Henry H., must, in Aug. 15, 1861 ; pro. to hospital steward. 
Toot, Tbomns, must, in Aug. 31, 1861 ; trans, from Co. G Jan. 11, 1863; 

mu-t. out with company July 1.5, 1805; vet. 
Tboni|,s,,ii, Corge W., must, iu Aug. 31,1861; trans, from Co. G Jan.,-.;:; must ,iut with company July 15, 1865; vet, 
Tnriu-i, A,i,ln-w, must, in Sept, 12, 1801; trans, fiom Co. F .Tan. 11, 


Ta.vlor, William H., must, In Aug. 31, ISCl; trans, from Co. G Jan. 11, 

1863 ; must, out Oct. 23, 1864, expiration of term. 
Walker, Calvin T., must, in Feb. 8, 1864; must, out with company July 

15, 1865. 
Wolfe, Franklin C, must, in Aug. 31, 1861 ; trans, from Co. G Jan. 11, 

Whitecraft, George S , must, in Sept. 12, 1861 ; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 

1S63-, must, out Oct. 23. 1864, expiration of term. 
Wagner, Benjamin F., must, in Aug. 31, 1861 ; trana. from Co. G Jan. 11, 

1863; must, out Oct. 23, 1864, expiration of term. 
Working, Samuel, must, in Aug. 31, 1861; trans, from Co. G Jan. 11, 

1S63 ; must, out Oct. 23, 1864, expiration of term. 
Whipple, John, must, in Aug. 15, 1861; disch. on surg. certif. June 19, 

Yeager, .Spencer G., must, in Sept. 9, 1861 ; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 

1863; must, out with company July 1.5, 1865 ; vet. 
Yeager, David S., must, in Sept. 8, 1861 ; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 1863 ; 

must, out with company July 15, 1865; vet. 
Yeager, Andrew J., must, in Aug. 31, 1861; trans, from Co. O Jan. 11, 

Young, Israel, must, in March 28, 1862; trans, from Co. G June 11, 1S63 ; 

must, out March 28, 1865, expiration of term. 

Company D. 
Capt. James D. Campbell, must, in Aug. 10, 1861 ; resigned Jan. 18, 1863. 
Capt. James A. Quigley, must, in Aug. 19, 1861 ; trans, from Co. A Jan. 
11, 1863; wounded May 12, 1864; must, out Oct. 28,1864, e.xpiration 

Capt. John W. Russel, must, in Aug. 15, 1861 ; pro. to corp. Nov. 1, 1861, 
to sergt. May 20, 1862, to Ist sergt., and trans, from Co. B Jan. 11, 
lS6o ; pro. to 2d lient. March 16, 1864, to capt. Nov. 30, 1864 ; must, 
out with company July 17, 1865; vet. 

First Lieut. Julin H. Westbrook, must, in Aug. 30, 1861 ; disch. Nov. 19, 

First Lieut. William Sherwood, must, io Aug. 6, 1861; pro. from Corp. 
to sergt- Nov. 25, 1861, to 1st sergt. Jan. 8, 1862, to 1st lieut. Aug. 
,5, 1S62; trans, from Co. E Jan. 11, 1863; pro. to capt. Co. F March 

11, 1863 ; pro. to Corp. June 17, 1864 ; must. 
15, 1865; vet. 

t with company July 
. Sept. 10, 


Frank Y. McDonald, must, in Aug. 

Second Lit ut. Benjamin H. Downing, mui 

from Co. B Jan. 11, 1863; trans, to Co. E March 16, 1864, 
First Sergt. Davis H. Law, must, in Aug. 15, 1861 ; trans, from Co. B 

Jan. 11, 1863; pro. from corp. to sergt. Jan. 17, 1864, to 1st sergt. 

April 7, 1865 ; com. 2a lieut. July 14, 1865 ; must, out with company 

July 17, 1865; vet. 
First Sergt. Stephen Transen, must, in Aug. 21, 1861 ; pro. to corp. Nov. 

Ill, 1861, to sergt. May 20, 1862; trans, from Co. E Jan. 11, 1863; 

pro. to 1st sergt. March 16, 1864, to sergt.-maj. April 7, 1865; vet. 
Sergt. William Sollars, must, in Aug. 19, 1861 ; trans, from Co. A Jan. 

11,1863; must, out with company July 15, 1865; vet. 
Sergt. Theodore B. Reeder, must, in Aug. 17, 1860; trans, from Co. C 

Jan. 11, 1863 ; pro. to sergt. March 16, 1864 ; must, out with company I 

Sergt. Charles D. Train, must, in Sept. 1, 1861 ; trans, from Co. E Jan. 

11,1863; pro. to Corp. May 12, 1864; pro. to sergt. Nov. 30, 1864; 

must, out with company July 15, 1865 ; vet. 
Sergt. Daniel S. Daler, must, in Aug. 15, 1861 ; trans, from Co. B Jan. 11, 

1803 ; pr.j. to Corp. Nov. 15, 1864, to sergt. April 7, 1865 ; must, out 

with company July 15, 1865 ; vet. 
Sergt. Daniel S. Swyers, must, in Aug. 19, 1861 ; pro. from corp. to sergt. 

Aug. 29, 1862; from Co. A.Jan. 11, 1863; killed at Spottsylvania 

Court-House May 10, 1864 ; vet. 
Sergt. Frank A. Brown, must, in Aug. 15, 1.861 ; trans, from Co. B Jan. ; 

11, 1863; died Juno 17, 1864, at Wilmington, Del., of wounds re- ' 

ceived at Spottsylvania Oourt-House May 10, 1864 ; vet. 1 

Sergt. Thomas G. Hutchinson, must, in Aug. 21, 1861; pro. to Corp. 

March 14, 1862 ; trans, from Co. E Jan. 11, 1863 ; pro. to sergt. Sept. 

10, 18M; must, out Sept. 25, 1864, at expiration of term. I 

Sergt. James Hill, must, in Aug. 19, 1861 ; pro. to corp. Nov. 6, 1862; 

trans, from Co. A Jan. 11, 1863 ; pro. to sergt. May 12, 1864 ; must. 

outSept. 10, 1864, at exjiiration of term. 
Corp. W. H. Ammerman, must, in Aug. 19, 1861 ; trans, from Co. A Jan. ' 

Corp. Uriah Kitchen, must, in March 24,1864; pro. 

18C4; must, out with company July 15, 1865. 
Corp. J. C. Montgomery, must, in Aug. 15, 1861 ; trans, from Co. B Jan. 

11, Iso:'.; jiro. to Corp. Nov. 23, 1864; must, out with company July 

I.'-., 1S6,-. ; vet. 
Corp. Oliver P. Wilson, must. in Sept. 1, 1861 ; trans, from Co. B Jan. 11, 

1863; pro. to Corp. March 1, 1865; must, out with company July 15, 

1865 ; vet. ' 

Corp. Solomon Martin, must, in Sept. 7, 1861 ; trans, from Co. E Jan. 

11, 1863; pro. to corp. April 7, 1865; must, out with company July 

15, IS6.5; vet. 
Corp. John U. Pratt, must, in March 8, 1864 ; pro. to sergt. June 5, 1865 ; 

must, out with company July 15, 1865. 
Corp. John A. Jackson, must, in Feb. 6, 1863 ; absent, sick, at muster out. 
Corp. William A. Johnson, must, in Aug. 19, 1861 ; trans, from Co. A 

Jan. 11, 1863; killed at Spottsylvania Court-House May 10, 1864; 

Corp. Jacob Shriver, must, in Aug. 19, 1861 ; trans, from Co. A and pro. 

to Corp. Jan. 11, 1863; died June 17, 1864, of wounds received at 

Spottsylvania Court-House May 10, 1864; buried in National Cem- 
etery, Arlington, Va. ; vet. 
Corp. Joseph B. Brown, must, in Aug. 15, 1801 ; trans, from Co. B Jan. 

11, 1863; disch. on surg. certif. Feb. 16, 1863. 
Corp. James C. Langton, must, in Sept. 12, 1861 ; trans, from Co. E Jan. 

11, 1863 ; ilLsch. Oct. 24, 1864, expiration of term. 
Arbogast, John, must, in Aug. 20, 1861 ; trans, from Co. E Jan. 11,1863 ; 

must, out Oct. 23, 1864, expiration of term. 
Brobb, Isaac, must, in Feb. 8, 1864; substitute; must, out with company 

July 15, 1865. 
Brown, George W., must, in June 10, 1864 ; substitute ; must, out with 

company July 15, 1865. 
Brown, Andrew C, must, in Sept. 7, 1861 ; trans, from Co. E Jan. 11 , 

1863; died June 15, 1864, of wounds received at Spottsylvania May 

10,1864; vet. 
Boyd, Aaron B., must, in Aug. 1,5, 1861 ; trans, from Co. B Jan. H, 1863; 

must, out Sept. 10, 1864, expiration of term. 
Brewer, Andrew J., must, in June 1, 1864; disch. by S. 0. Dec. 25, 1865. 
Bathurst, Andrew G., must, in Sept. 1, 1861 ; trans, from Co. F Jan. 11, 

1.SC3; disch. by G. O. Jan. 15, 1865; vet. 
Cronen, Patrick, must, in March 8, I860 ; must, out with company July 

St. out with company July 
St. out with company July 
from Co. E Jan. 11, 1S63; 
.from Co. EJan. 11,1863; 
from Co. B Jan. 11, 1803; 
from Co. A Jan. 11, 1863 ; 

1861; disch. Nov. 



Cough 1 

n, Micl 

ael, must.,1862;mi 

g. 15,1861; trans. 


LSI-,,-, ; v 

6, 1864. 


IT, Wil 

iam.must.iuFeb. 8, 1864;m 

Conklin, John, must, in Aug. 15, 1861 ; t 

disch. on surg. certif. Dec. 3, 1864. 
Climpson, M ilton, must, in Aug. 1, 1861 ; 1 

disch. on surg. certif. Jan. 22, 1863. 
Camp, Essex P., must, in Aug. 28, 1862 ; t 

disch. by S. O. May 12, 1863. 
Cadee, Erastus, must, in Aug. 19, 1861 ; t 

disch. on surg. certif. Feb. 6, 1863. 
Corkle, Jackson J., must, in Aug. 28, 1861 ; trans, from Co. E Jan. 11, 

1863; disch. by G. 0. June 17, 180,5. 
Cook, George M., must, in June 3, 1864; disch. by G.O. June 29, 1866. 
Cade, Charles H., must, in .\ug. 19, 1861 ; trans, from Co. A Jan. 11, 

1SC3 ; disch. Sept. 10, 1864, e.xpiration of term. 
Daller, Benjnmin, must, in Feb. 4, 1864 ; must, out with company July 

15, IS 


Aug. 15, 1861; I 

apany July 


Downing, William H., must, in Jan. 20, 1802; trans, from Co. B Jan. 11, 

1S63 ; killed at Spottsylvania May 10, 1804. 
Dehass, Curtis, must, in May 3, 1864; disch. by G. 0. June 22, 1664. 
Eberhart, Solomon, must, in Dec. 8, 1864 ; must, out with company July 

15, 1665. 
Elder, Thomas J., must, in June 1, 1804; must, out with company July 

15, 1865. 
Eckley, Joseph, must, in Aug. 19, 1861 ; trans, from Co. A Jan. 11, 1863 ; 

must, out Sept. 15, 1864, expiration of term. 
Fravel, Samuel F., must, in Aug. 14, 1861 ; trans, from Co. E J n 

1863 ; disch. on surg. certif. Jan. 29, 1863. 
Fiain, Samuel T., must, in Aug. 19, 1861; trans, from Co. A Jan. 11, 

1863 ; must, out Sept. 10, 1664, e.xpiration of term. 


Cla.lfi.-ltiT, Willhim A., must, in Aiir. 21, Isiil : Irans from Co. E Jan. 

lI,lSi;3; killed at SlK)tt.s.vlvaniii May III, 1!.C4; vi-t. 
GcBsick, Augustus, must, in Sept. l,l«i;i; trans, from Co. E Jan. 11, 

Gray, Saniu-1, must, in Aug. 16, l.SGl ; trans, from Co. B Jan. 11, 1SG3; 

must, out Oct. 24, WrA, i-xpir.ition of term. 
Iliukle, George \V., must. In Aug. l.i, ISGl; trans, from Co. B Jan. 11, 

McFarland. W. H., must, in Aug. 19,1801; al.sent, sick, at must, out; vet. 
McAffee, Daviil, must, in Aug. 19, 1861 ; trans, from Co. D Jan. 11, 1SC3; 

(lisch. on surg. certif. Feb. 25, 186.1. 
McClauskey, C„ must, in Aug. 19, 1861; trans, from Co. A Jan. 11. 1S62; 

must, out Sept. 10, 1864, expiration of term. 
McMain, Thomas, must, in Feb. 4, 1864; disch. on surg. certif. 
McClenahan, R. G . must, in Aug. 14, 1861 ; trans, from V<i. E Jan. 11, 

1862; nin^t i:f * irt 2''. 1'^n4, expiration of term. 
McKinley,.! ■ r <•■'■-' ■ \'- I'l, l-SCl; trans, from Co. B Jan. 11, 1S62; 

B Ja 


from Co. A Jan. 11, 


opany July 

g, 19, 1861 ; trans, from Co, 
ug. 19, ISGl ; trans, from Co 

A Ja 

, 1S63 


A Jan. 

arlUe^-. ijcoi;;..-, must, in Aug. 19. 1861; 1 

186.i ; must, out Sept. 15, 1864, expiration of term. 
I ckrott, Lewis P., must, iti Aug. 15, 1861 ; trans, from Co. B Jan. 11, 

1863: mnst. out Sept. 10, 1864, expiration of term, 
iitton. George W,, must, iu Aug. 19, 1861; trans, from Co, ■\. Jan. 11, 

1863 ; must, out Sept. 10, 1864, expiration of term. 
iiffmaii, Dauiel, must, in .Sept. 10,1801; trans, from Co. E Jan. 11, 

181.3 ; mnst. out Oct. 23, 1864, expiration of term. 
. i,.!i I l.~. Ilezckiali, must, in Feb. 8, 1864; disch. on snrg. certif. May 

:,].!. .I.l.n 51., must, in Aug. 19,1861 ; trans, from Co. C 11, 1863; 
\vi uiHled at Spottsylvania Courl-Hguse Blay 10, 1864; must, out 

I March 

Tom Co. A Jan. 11, 1,m:.3, 
from Co. A Jan. 11, 1863; 

Peter, must, in Aug. 19, 1861 ; 
ast. out Aug. 24, 1864, expiratio: 

David, must, in Aug. 19, ISGl 
list, out Sept. 15, 1864, expiration of term. 
, John C,, must, in Aug. 19, 1861 ; trans, from Co. A J; 
u,t.,int Willi rniiipany July 15, 1866; Tct., iiiii~t, in March 8, 1865; must, out with o<: 

Owens, Matthew, nuist. in Aug. 19, 1864; trans, from Co. A Jan. 11,1863; 

killed at Spottsylvania Court-House May 10, 1864. 
Osborne, J.din, must, in March 17, 1863. 
Owens, William, must, in Sept. 12, 1861 ; trans, from Co. E Jan. 11, 1863 ; 

nmst. out Oct. 20, 1864, expiration of term, 
Csborne, Abiah D., must, in Feb. 4, 1864; disch. by G. 0. June 17, 1863. 
Packer, James M., must, in May 31, 1864; must, out with company July 

15, 1865. 
Perry, Charles, must, in Aug, 19, 1861; trans, from Co. A Jan. 11, 1803; 

died May 11, 1864, of wounds received at Spottsylvania Court-House 

May 111, 1864. 
Patton, Hugh, must, in June 7, 1804. 

Ricli,' , ,' !.;i I:,;-' I'l \ J 1 I, IsOl ; trans, from Co. E 11, 1863; 

II - . ! ; -. I \ JO. 1861; trans, from Co. E Jan. 11, 

1- , i, ,1 It 1 II 1', ; I,. ,i- ihiy 14,1864. 
Ko,se, William, inii^t. in Aii^. I'.i, 1S6I : trans, from Co. A Jan. 11, 1803; 

ilisch. on surg. certif. Feb. 23, 1862. 
Reading, Amos, must, in Aug. 19, 1861; trans, from Co. A Jan. 11, 1863; 

must, out Sept. IS, 1S64, expiration of term. 
Ulioads, Peter, must, iu Sept. 7, 1801; trans, from Co. E Jan. 11,1863; 

uiust. out Oct. 23, 1864, expiration of term. 
Kimly.n.W, C,,in Aug. 15,1861; trans, from Co. B Jan. 11, 1S63; 

I, ::, ,1 ,: I- ■ 1 II, iil.or Junes, 1864. 
Ki- " 111 Aug. 19, 1861; trans, from Co. A Jan. II, 1803; 

- V , Ilia Court-House May 10, 1864. 

SL.ii I, Si III ,1 111 .Mairli 18,1862; trans, from Co.E Jan. II, 1863; 

nil .1 , III uilli i„ii;,ii> July 15,1865; vet. 
Si. .1,1, M,,ill,,« 11. nil. -I II. .Sou. 19, 1861; trans.from Co. A Jan.II, 

1 -I, '. : KiM--.l ,if ,-^|.,,.ti-\ 1\ iini Ci.urt-House May 10, 1804. 
Spi. . . ,,T, 1, nil ill. niii-t ill \ii^- III. I.SOI; traus. from Co, A Jan. 11,1803; 

Spiiigler, Jonas, must, in Aug. 19, ISGl ; trans, from Co. A Jan. 1I,18G3; 

iliscb snrg. certif. Jan. 10. 1805; vet. 

Slniiik, William H,, mnst. in Aug. 9, 1862;, 

I^i;:; ; .Um-Ii, i.y i;, o. June 17, 1SC5. 

«61 ; 


Aug. I,-., isi.l ; trans, from C. I! Jan. II 

Co. E Jan 
Co. E Jan 

15, -1861; trans, fro 

. from C, n Ja 

"_•, I.', ISGl ; trans, from Co. B Ja 

V.i,. 19,1864; vet. 

ill Aug. 10, 1861; trans, from Co. 

company July 15, 1865; vet. 

ing. 14, ISGl ; trans, from Co. E Ja 

iiy July 15, 1805; vet. 

■ ill Aug. 19, l.'iOl ; trans, from Co 

E Jan. II, 



Wilkinson, S. D.nuist. in Aug. 16,1861; trans, from Co. B Jan. 11,186.3; 

must, out witli company July 16, 1865 ; vet. 
W..o.l.>ii, .V.lain B, must, in Sept. 1, 1861; trans, from Co. E Jan. 11, 

1S6:J; nmst. "ut with company July 15, 1865; Tet. 
Wintcroii, Philip, must, in March 16,1863; must, out with company 

July 15, 1865. 
Watliins, William, must, in Aug. 14, 1861 ; trans, from Co. E Jan. 11, 

1H63; must, out with company July 15,1865; vet. 
Waters, Erastus J. C, must, in Oct. 8, 1863; killed at Spottsylvania May 

10, 1864. 
Wolf, Charles, must, in Aug. 19, 1861 ; trans, from Co. A Jan. 11, 186.5; 

ilicil at Philadelphia June 28, 1863. 
Walker, David, must, in Aug. 19, 1861 ; trans, from Co. A Jan. 11, 1863; 

died Aug. 9, 1863; buried in Military Asylum Cemetery, D. C. 
Wallers, Frazier, must, in Aug. 13, 1861 ; trans, from Co. B Jan. 11, 1863; 

W.atkins, .lohii, 

di.sch.on »in 

Walizer, Elia.t, 

trans, from Co. B Jan. 11, 1863; 
disch. on surg. ccrtif. May 27, 

from Co. E Jai 

Wolfe, Gideon W., must, in Aug. 21, 1861 ; 

1863 ; must, out Oct. 23, 1864, expiration of term. 
Williamson, T. M., must, in Aug. 21, 1861 ; trans, from Co. E Jan. 11, 

1863; disch. on surg. certif. June 21, 1865; vet. 
Weher, Sylvester, must, in Aug. 21, 1S61 ; trans, from Co. E Jan. 11, 1863 ; 

must, out Oct. 23, 1864, expiration of term. 
Workman, Jacob, must, in Aug. 19, 1861 ; trans, from Co. A Jan. 11, 1863 ; 

must, out Oct. 23, 1864, expiration of term. 
Targer, Abnim, must, in Feb. 8, 1864; disch. by G. 0. June 22, 1865. 

The FiftytMrd Regiment, of which Col. John E. 
Brooke, of .Alonti^oiiiery County, was the first com- 
manding officer, was organized at Camp Curtin in 
September and October, 1861, being composed of 
companies recruited in Montgomery, Cheater, Blair, 
Huntingdon, Clearfield, Centre, Carbon, Union, Lu- 
zerne, Potter, Westmoreland, Northumberland, and 
Juniata Counties. The men recruited in Blair and 
Huntingdon Counties formed " C" company, of which 
John H. Wintrode was captain. 

Moving from Harrisburg, Nov. 7, 1861, the regi- 
ment proceeded to Washington, D. C, whence, on 
the 27th of the same month, it crossed the Potomac 
and went into camp near Alexandria, Va., which be- 
came its winter-quarters. In March, 1862, it moved 
forward with the Army of the Potomac in the fruit- 
less advance on Manassas, and from that march re- 
turned to Alexandria, where it was assigned to the 
Third Brigade of Richardson's (First) division of the 
I Second Corps, commanded by Gen. Edwin V. Sumner. 
i About the 1st of April the regiment with its corps 

j was transported by water to the Virginia Peninsula, 
I and moved with the Army of the Potomac to the line 
I in front of Yorktown. The enemy evacuated that 
I place in the night of the 3d of May, and on the fol- 
j lowing day the army moved on in pursuit, arriving 
I the same night at Williamsburg, where a blooily battle 
[ was fought on the -ath. On the 6th the Filiy-tliir.l 
returned to Yorktown and remained five days, then 
moved by steamer up the Y'ork River to West Point, 
I marching thence to the line occupied by the army 
J along the Chickahominy. Crossing that stream on 
I the night of the 31st of May, it took part in the 
battle at Seven Pines on the following day, losing 
I nearly one hundred men in killed, wounded, and 
I missing, and showing through the conflict a steadi- 

ness and bravery that elicited the commendation of 
the division and corps commanders. On the 27th of 
June, when the right wing of the army was closed in 
deadly conflict with the enemy at Gaines' Mill, the 
Fifty-third, being a part of the left wing, was posted 
on the York River Railroad, on the other side of the 

I Chickahominy; but late in the afternoon, when the 
battle had turned against the Union forces under 
Gen. Porter, this regiment with its division was 

( thrown across the river to their succor, and entering 
the fiery arena, helped to hold the victorious Confed- 
erates in check until the friendly darkness came on, 
and then amid the shades of night all recrossed to 
the south side of the stream, destroying the bridges 

' behind them. The main body of the army at once 
took up the line of march for the James River, and 
the First Division of Sumner's corps covered the re- 
treat, becoming hotly engaged with the pursuing 
enemy at Peach Orchard, and at Savage Station on 
Sunday, the 29th. Moving on from this encounter 
the command crossed White Oak Swamp and moved 
on in good order, frequently turning to fight on its 
way to Malvern Hill, where it arrived in the forenoon 
of Tuesday, July 1st. In the tremendous conflict of 
that day the Fifty-third was not closely engaged, 
though under a heavy fire for several hours. Between 
midnight and dawn of the 2d it again moved on, 
crossing Turkey Creek, and covering the retreat of 
the army from the field of victory to Harrison's Land- 
ing, where a new base of supply was made, and where 

• the Fifty-third remained with its corps until the 
16th of August, when it moved with the other troops 
down the Peninsula to Newport News, whence it was 
moved by transports to Alexandria, under orders to 
reinforce Gen. Pope, who was being overwhelmed on 

] the Rappahannock. It did not arrive in time to take 
part in the .second Bull Run battle, though within 
hearing of the distant roar of conflict on the 30th, 
while on the march towards Centreville, where it ar- 
rived on the following day. It was at once placed in 
position to cover the retreat of the defeated Army of 
Virginia to the Potomac, and having done this with 
the usual steadiness and gallantry, it moved across 
the river to a position northwest of Washington, Sep- 
tember 3d, and a few days later was again on the 
march in the campaign of South Mountain and An- 
tietam. In the first of these two engagements it took 
no active part, being held in reserve. It reached An- 
tietam Creek on the 16th, and in the great battle of 
the 17th was engaged early in the day, holding posi- 
tion on the extfeme right of the division, charging 
the enemy and driving him from his strong position in 
its front, and holding the ground against all attempts 
of the Confederates to reoccupy it. Later in the day 
the regiment was posted in support of a battery, and 
was under an exceedingly heavy fire for many liours. 
Its loss at Antietam was twenty-eight killed and 
wounded. After the battle it moved with its brigade 
in pursuit of the enemy, and on the 22d crossed the 



Potomac into Virginia. The Cont'ederate army had 
escaped, and tlie troops rested for more tlian a month 
at Bolivar Heights, near Harper's Ferry. On the 
30th of October it moved southeast across the Shen- 
andoah, fighting at Snicker's Gap on the -Itli of No- 
vember, reaching Warrenton on tlie 9th, thence 
marching to Falmouth, opposite Fredericksburg, 
and arriving there on the 19th. 

In the campaign of Fredericksburg, the Fifty-third 
crossed the Rappahannock on the 12th of December, 
driving the enemy's light forces from the bank of the 
river, and occupied a part of the town. Early in the 
day of the great battle (December 13th) the regiment 
with its brigade formed line of battle along the south 
border of the town, and after a halt of nearly two 
hours in that position, all the while under a terrible 
tire from the enemy's batteries, advanced at double- 
quick towards the famed stone wall that barred the 
way to the acclivity of Marye's Heights. Here, as at 
other points along the line, the rocky barricade proved 
impregnable to the Union assault, but the Third Bri- 
gade charged up to within twenty-five rods of it, and 
held its position there in the face of a fire as destruc- 
tive as any that was ever poured into an advancing 
column, and through all the remaining hours of the 
day they held it against repeated attacks by the enemy 
until night closed in on the scene of carnage, and 
then, and not till then, they retired from the advanced 
line and made their cheerless bivouac in the town. 
The Fifty-third lost in this engagement one hundred 
and fifty-six killed and wounded, which was consid- 
erably more than half the effective strength with 
which it entered the fight. On recrossing the river it 
reoccupied its old quarters at Falmouth, where it re- 
mained employed in provost and camp duty during 
the winter. 

In the spring campaign of lS(i3, the regiment 
moved from its camp on the 28th of April, crossed 
ihc Rappahannock at United States ford, and marched 
to Chancellorsville, where it took part in the great 
battle during the three days of its continuance, suf- 
fering considerable loss. On the 6th of May it re- 
crossed the river with the army and returned to its 
old quarters near Falmoutli. When it was ascer- 
tained that the Confederate army under Lee was 
moving to the invasion of Murylund and IVnnsylva- 
nia, the regiment (which was then in the Fourth 
Brigade of the First Division of the Second Corps) 
marched on the 14th of June to Banks' Ford, to 
observe the movements of the enemy, and imme- 
diately afterwards moved northward»with its corps to 
Thoroughfare Gap, where it became eng.aged with the 
enemy on the 20th. It remained there in position 
until the 2,")th, when it resumed the march northward, 
and reached the field of Gettysburg at 8 o'clock a.m. 
on the 2d of July, three companies of the regiment, 
however, being absent on detached duty. The efl'ec- 
tive strength with which the Fifty-third entered the 
battle of Cettysburg was only one liundreil and 

liber it suffered a loss 
jnded in the great 

twenty-five men, out of which 
of seventy-three killed and 

From this time to the close of the war the Hunt- 
ingdon and Blair men in Company C participated in 
all the campaigns and battles in which the regiment 
was engaged. Among the battles in which the com- 
pany was prominently engaged were Rappahannock 
Station, Bristoe Station, Mine Run, Wilderness, Po 
River, Spottsylvania Court-House, Cold Harbor, June 
•2, 18154; Petersburg, Va., June 16, 1864; Ream's 
Station, Va., Aug. 21, 1864; Boydton Plank-Road, 
Five Forks, Deep Creek, Va., April 6, 1864; and at 
Appomattox Court-House at Lee's surrender. Shortly 
after this the company, with other troops, returned 
by way of Washington to Harrisburg, from whence 
the men returned to their homes and to the pursuits 
of civil life. 


Capt. JohD H. Wintrode, must, in Oct. 17, 1S61 ; res. Dec. 3, 1802. 
Capt. Heur.v J. Smith, must, in Oct. 17, 1801 ; pro. from 1st sergt. to 2 

lieut. M.iy 9, 1S62, to capt, Jau. 1, 180^; discli. March 16, 1805. 
1st Lieut. Robert McXamara, must, in Oct. 17, 1S61 ; res. May 9, 1802. 
Ist Lieut. Samuel M. Rojer, must, in Oct. 17, 1861 ; pro. from 2d to li 

lieut. Ma.v 9, 1S02; res. Dec. 1, 1802. 
let Lieut. D. S. Fouse, must, in Oct. 17, 1861 ; pro. from sergt. to Ist lieu 

Dec. 1, 1SC2; must, out Oct. S, 1864, expiration of term. 
1st Lieut. Andrew J. Merrett, must, in Oct. 17, 1801 ; pro. to corp., to It 

sergt., to 2d lieut. May 1, I860, to Ist lieut. May 18, 1865 ; must, oi 

with company June 30, 1805; vet. 
2d Lieut. John McLaughlin, must, in Oct. 17, 1S61 ; pro. from serirt. t 

2d lieut. Jan. 1, 1803; com. 1st lieut. Oct. S, 1864; not mustered 

must, out April 24, 1865, to date March 14, 1805. 
lat Sergt. Andrew J. Fleck, must, in Oct. 17, 1S61 ; pro. to corp. May li 

1M,4. t,. .lergt. Nov. 2, 1864, to 1st sergt. May 2, 1SC5; absent wit 

?t. in Oct. 17, 1861 ; pro. to sergt.; must, 

11^1,17, 1861 ; pro, to Corp. Feb. 26, 1864, 
■ lit with company June 30, ISO.'i ; vet. 
'1. 1. 17, 1S61; pro.tocorp. July 1,1864, 

, out with company June 3o, 1865; vet. 

Oct. 17, 1861; pro. to corp. July 1, 1864, 

it. out with company June 3U, 1805 ; vet. 

t in Oct. 17, 1861 ; pro. to sergt. ; pris- 
16, 1»64, to April 28, 1865 ; disch. by G. 0. May 29, 

Oct. 17, 1861 , pro. to sergt. ; captured ; 
disili, by G. 0, June 211, 1805; vet. 

(Iiiite of musler in Oct. 17, 1861, except where noted.) 
Sergt. <;, AV. M.iitt^'umery, pro, to sergt.; died at Philailrlpliia July 1, 

l<sii4, nf wuiiiids received in action near Petersburg, Va.; vet, 
Sergt. William D, Shontz, must, in Oct, 27, 1801; pro . to sergt, ; killed at 

Spottsylvania Court-House May 10, 1864. 
Sergt, Authony J, Beaver, pro. to sergt.; trans, to Vet. Ues. Corps May 15, 

Sergl. Jol 

n Kodgers, 

10 ser 

,'t, June 16, 

Sergt. Ila 

id B, Roth 


rora June 1 



Sergl. Sai 

i.el W. Gill 

Scrtrt. Matth 

1 Cemetery, Gettysburg, 

;orp, July 

Corp, William Fernwalt, 

pauy June ;!M, 1865; vet. 
Corp, David A, Sias, pro. to corp. Sept. 4, 1864; must, out with company 

Juno 311, 1S05; vet. 
Corp. Matthias (Juerry, must, in Feb. 15, 1864; pro. to corp, Sept. 21, 

l.'*64; must, <ult with company June 30, 1805; yet. 
Corp. Ludeii IS. Mori is, must, in Feb. 3, 1864; pro. to Corp. Nov. 2, 1864; 

must, out with ronipany June 30, 1865. 
Corp. John C, Slates, must, in Feb, 3, 1864 ; pro, to corp. March 1, 1866; 


Corp. Charles Nash, must, in March 25, 1864 ; pro. to Corp. May 1, 1865 ; 

must, out with company June 30, 1865. 
Corp. John Keiser, must, in Sept. 1, 1863; absent, sick, at must. out. 
Corp. Jacob W. Prougli, pro. to Corp.; must, out Not. 2, 1864, expiration 

Corp. George W. Isett, pro. to Corp.; disch, Sept. 4, 1864, for wounds re- 
ceived at Gettysburg July 2, 1863. 
Corp. Samuel Kinney, must, in Jan. 16, 1864; disch. by G. 0. Juno 20, 

April 9, 1865; 

Corp. Frederick L. Snyder, prisoner from June 16, 1864, i 

disch. by G. 0. May 29, 1865; vet. 
Corp. Elijah Crownover, pro. to Corp. ; killed at Spottsyl' 

House May 12, 1864; vet. 
Corp. William Reed. Corp. William Bstep. 

Corp. Luther T. Sangree. Corp. H. B. Geisluger. 

Musician Jacob Chilcoat, must, out with company June 30, 1865. 
Musician Alexander W. Campbell, must, out with company June ; 

1865 ; vet. 
Musician Henry F. Sheeder, must, out with company June 30, 1865 ; v 
Abbott, Amos, must, out with company June 30, 1865 ; vet. 
Allen, George, must, in March 28, 1864 ; absent, sick, at must. out. 
Argyle, Steele, must, in Nov. 18, 1864; disch. by G. 0. June 20, 1865. 



, 1S64; substitute; l 

, 1865. 

Brown, James L., must, in Jan. 13, 1865 ; substitute ; wounded in action 
March 25, 1865 ; disch. by G, 0. July 17, 1865. 

Bowers, Isaac, must, in April 22,1864; must, out with company June 
30, 1865. 

Brown, Charles, must, in Feb. 16, 1864 ; absent, sick, at must. out. 

Baker, William, must, in Aug. 25, 1863; absent, sick, at must. out. 

Bodenstein, Charles, must, in Aug. 25, 1863; absent, sick, at must. out. 

Boss, Green J., must, in March 2, 1865; absent, sick, at must. out. 

Biss, John C. Bollinger, James. 

Coble, Benjamin, must, out with company June 30, 1865 ; vet. 

Cusac, Michael, must, in Jan. 5, 1865 ; substitute ; must, out with com- 
pany June 30, 1865. 

Graig, William, must, in Aug. 24, 1863; absent, sick, at must. out. 

Clark, Etlian, must, in Feb. 28, 1865; absent, sick, at must. out. 

Coble, William, must, in Dec. 24, 1863; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps April 
3,1865; vet. 

Dugan, Thomas, must, i 

DeCrnssy, Charles, musi 
company June 30, 1865. 

Deitrick, George, must, in Jan. 9, ISO 
pany June 30, 1865. 

Dean, William D., must, in March 



Daily, Michael, i 

16, 1865. 
Decker, James M., must, in Jan. 4, 1894; died at City Point, Va., July 

22, 1864. 
Dean, Daniel, died Oct. 27, 1862. 

Eslick, Ira J., must, in Feb. 20,1864; absent, sick, at must. out. 
Enyeart, James K., died Dec. 11, 1863, at Alexandria, Va., grave 1161. 
Fair, Henry. 
Furst, Clscar, must, in Jan. 3, 1SC5 ; substitute ; absent, wounded, at must. 

Fry, Aliraham, musI 
Nat. Com., Arliu 
Fink, John. 
Fleck, Daniel. 
Green, Henry, must. 

Gyr, Henry, must, in 

1864; died Sept 

Fouse, Reuben ] 
Fouse, George A 

ompany June 30, 
ut with company 

June 30, 1865. 
Geiger, John W., must, in Aug. 10, 1863; absent, sick, at must. out. 
Godfrey, William, must, in Feb. 25, 1864; absent, sick, at must. out. 
Garner, Matthew G., must, out Nov. 2, 1864, expiration of term. 
Garner, John. 
Garner, Joh n M. 
Gill, George W., died Nov. 28, 1802; buried in Military Asylum Ceme 

tery, Wa-fhington, D. C. 
Gregg, John. 
Heltzel, George L., must, out with company June 30, 1865; vet. 

■man, Charles S., must, in Oct. 17, 1804; substitu 
company June 30, 1865. 


ny Ju 

Hilliard, Daniel, must, in Nov. 16, 18t 

30, 1865. 
Harsh, Henry, must, in Jan. 16, 1865 ; 

Hill, Wallace, must, in Feb. 16, 1864 ; I 

Hands, Patrick, must, in Feb. 22, 1864; 

30, 1805. 
Hood, Robert, must, in Jan. 9, 1864 ; killed at Spottsylvania Court-House 

May 10, 1S64. 
Heifner, Jacob, must, in Feb. 29, 1864 ; killed at Petersburg, Va., June 

16, 1864 ; buried at City Point, Va. 
Hanimon, James. 
Hanna, John, died Nov. 21, 1861 ; buried in Military Asylum Cemetery, 

Washington, D. C. 
Heifner, William. 
Harker, Henry. 
Heller, John A. 
Hess, John, died 1862; 

section B, lot 34. 
Houck, E/.ekiel J. 
Jolly, Samuel S., must, 

Johnston, Thomas, must, il 

company June 30, 1865, 

Johnston, James D., must. 

ried i 

Dec. 20, 1864; mi 

in Jan. 25, 1805; substitute 
lUst. in Feb. 28, 1865 ; must. 
April 11, 1865; must, out with 
Jan. il,I865; substitute; mii 

al Cemetery, Seven Pines, Va 
must, out with company Jun 

3 30, 

Kugan, Martin, must, in Aug. 25, 1865 ; absent, sick, at must. out. • 
Keasler, George W.,must. in March 19, 1864; absent at must. out. 
Kyler, Isaac, must, in March 10, 1862; dishonorably disch. by general 

Kessler, John, must, in Sept. 21, 1863; disch. by G. 0. June 12, 1865. 
Keiter, John. 
Larkins, Francis, must, in July 30, 1863 ; must, out wilh company June 

30, 1865. 
Leace, Oliver, must, out Nov. 2, 1864, expiration of term. 
Long, Henry, must, in Jan . 14, 1865 ; substitute. 
Lightner, Charles. 
Magill, Jacob, wounded at Spottsylvania Court-House May 10,1864; 

disch. Feb. 16, 1865, to date Nov. 2, 1864, expiration of term. 
Malyer, Ferdinand, must, in Dec. 20, 1864; s 

company June 30, 1865. 
Maher, Martin, must, in Sept. 6, 1864; subs 

March 31, 1865; disch. by G. 0. June 20, 
Mone, Edwin, must, in Sept. 16, 1803; must. 


itnte; ' 


at with 

Mower, William H., must, in July 22, 1863; 

June 30, 1865. 
Morel, David, must, in Feb. 28, 1865; absent, sick, at must. out. 
Murphy, David, must, in Jan. 27,1864; absent, sick, at must. out. 
Montag, Wm. G., must, in Sept. 19, 1864; disch. by G. 0. June 16, 1865. 
Moran, Francis, must, in July 20, 1863; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 1865. 
Montgomery, J. 
McCall, William, must, in Feb. 29, 1804 ; must, out with company June 

30, 1865. 
McCreary, Paul, must, in Jan. 2, 1864; must, out with company June 30, 

Mclntire, John, must, in Dec. 18, 1804; must, out with company June 

McCoy, John, 

Aug. 7, 1863 

out with compan 



McKnight, John, must, in Jan. 5, 1864; disch. by G. 0. June 

McGeegan, John, must, m Sept. 16, 1804 ; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 1805. 

McCoy, James. 

McLaughlin, P. 

Norris, Samuel W., pris. from June 16th to Nov. 24, ISO 1 ; nuist. out Feb. 

20, 1865, to date Nov. 30, 1864. 
Neresgold, Henry, must, in Dec. 26, 1864 ; must, out with company June 

30, 1865. 
Neidengard, Henry, must, in Jan. 16, 1865 ; sllbatitute ; disch. by G. 0. 


C H A P T E It X X I. 

I'r.-lt, Ul..-aiiili, must, ill Fub. ;:u, lSli4 ; abacnt 
I'oltc-r, Thunios, must, in Feb. 22, 18li4; abaen 
Pannatta, Williiim. ProuBh, 

Budcr, William, must, in Nov. 10, 18(14; woui 

ISC,-. ; ili^cll. by G. 0. Juno 22, I8C5. 
Buss, doigi', must, in Feb. la, 1SIJ4; absent, si 
Iliukiii^, .fames, must, in Aug. 7, l8fi."J ; aliscnt 
KohiiiJ, ,luhn, must, in Jan. 29, IslH; ca|iture 

II..U-C May 12, 18S4; absi-nt at must. out. 
K.Viiti, (:...i.ige, must, in Feb. 28, 18C5; must.ui 

[TAKV— WAll OF Tin-: Ki:iiEl.LIU> 

- ( Co; 


K..U(;1,, J- 



ne 30, 




in Dec. 13 

1864; .su 






ry, m 

ist. in Jai 




n. nji 

^t. in Jar 

G, 18i;.5 ; 


• ji 

,e .■'.", 


; Spottsylvania 
ith company Jii 

, 1SG5; 

> -M, 1805. 

Slaglille, Abraham, must, in Dec. 30, 18G4; 

Smith, William, must, in March 2, 1805 ; ab 
Smith, James, must, in Aug. 24, 1803; al.sfu 
Sprink, John, must, in .Sopl. 2, 18G3 ; abwnt 
Shyley, William H., must, in Apiil 21, Isi.-; 
Dec. 0, 1864; disch. by G. 0. Apiil J, IH 

Sliowaller, ,Iohn, March 5,1804; .lis 

nbstituto ; 


Tetwyler, Peter, absent, 
Tobler, Jacob, must, in 

Doc. 21), 1804; disch 

Todd, liernhard. must, in 0.1. IV, Isill. 
Varner, Caspi-r, must, in Jiui. 0, ISGo; substiti 

pany June 3ii, ISOy. 
Vannatla, William, must, in Doc. 27, 1»G4; s 

Weakland, .\UKUst, must, in Oct. 17, 1801 ; abs 

A., must, in Oct. 18, ISt'.l; 
■liaci, must, in July 28, 1803 

The Sixty-second Regiment, of which Col. Samuel 
W, Bhick was the tiist comniaiiiling officer, was raised 
in the month of July, l.i;ijl, under autliority given on 
the 4th of that mouth to Col. Black by the Secretary 
of War. The authority was afterwards extended, al- 
lowing the regiment to include twelve full companies, 
of which seven were recruited in Allegheny County, 
two in Clarion, and one in each of the counties of Arm- 
strong, Jefferson, and Blair. The company from Blair 
(which was the full company that left the county 
to enter the three years' service) was designated as M 
company of the regiment, Capt. Richard J. Crozier. 
The rendezvous of the regiment was at Pittsburgh, but 
soon after its organization it moved (July 24, 1861) to 
Harrisburg, where it remained in camp several weeks. 
Proceeding thence to Washington, D. C, by way of 
Baltimore, it received equipments and arms, and on 
the nth of September crossed the Potomac to Vir- 
ginia, encamping at Fort Corcoran, and being as- 
signed to the Second Brigade (Brig.-Gen. George W. 
Morrell) of Gen. Fitz John Porter's'division. After 
about two weeks spent at Fort Corcoran in camp duty 
and work upon the fortifications, the regiment ad- 
I vanced to a new line fartlier south, where it went into 
!i'k"^at mu" t" mit " ' "■ "'^'"P ^^'''ich was christened "Camp Bettie Black," 

cu, at niMsi. out. In the spring campaign of 1862, the Sixty-second 

IS, fn.m .N..V. 28, isr.3, to nioved With the army on the 10th of March, but upon 
the discovery that the enemy had evacuated his works 
Foil. 14, 1805, for wounds ' 'i' Mauassas the advance was abandoned, and the regi- 
1 ment with the other troops of the army moved back 
. by G.o. June 15, 1,86.5. j f„ jj^g Potouiac, arriving on the 16th of March at 
letcry'Ariing'ton, Va. I Alexandria, where a few days later it was emb;irked 
,1803.' " ' and proceeded to .Monroe, cnr;nii|.iiig f.uir 

miles from that place, at tlie site of the oh 
Hampton, which had tlieii recently been li 
:. the Confederate trn,,|,,^ under command of < 

I.-; must., .lit with com- M;|o-nuler. From Hampton the regiment with other 
.iiinv.tbo.m.iuvJnne ' '"'""I"^ iiia.lea reeoiiiioissancc to Big Bethel, and on 
tile -Itli ;inil ".til iii .\pril marched with the army up 
"" Jnn. :;o, iM,-,. till' I'liiinsiihi to [he liont of theeiiemy's fortified line 

:it Yorktcjwn, skirmishing by the way, and losing one 
i.;mu.t.,.„t will, a.m. kil le.l and three woundeil. " 
Fur mote than four week 
,l,stituto;di., G.o. j,, |,.,,„, ,,,■ Y,,|-ktnwn. em| 
■nt, sick at must out other .Inly. On the ni-lit ol 

out with company J"..,, .•mv eva.uat,Ml his V,,rkto\\ 
h.uiiii: ,l:,v the An 


J. B. 

the regiment remained 
lyed in fortifying and 
he 4th of May the en- 
lines, and on the fol- 
f the Potomac moved on in 
pui-uit. ix,-ei>t the division of Gen. Porter, which 
(iiielieliii- the Si.xty-seeond Regiment 1 remained at 
Y,,rkl.,wn until tli,. .stli, when it moved by ste:imcr3 
up the Y,,ik Kiverlo We.i l',,int. and encamped on 
the opjiusite side of the stream. Here Gen. Griffin 
took command of the (Second Brigade, Gen. Morrell 
being assigned to the command of the division, and 
Gen, F. J. Porter to that of the Fifth Provisional 


From West Point the regiment moved with Mor- 
rell's division to the line of the Chickahominy, ar- 
riving at Gaines' Mill on the 26th of May. On the 
27th it moved before daylight, and marched with its 
division to Hanover Court-House, where it was ex- 
pected a junction would be made with Gen. McDow- 
ell's (First) corps from Fredericksburg and Bowling 
Green. This was not effected, but the enemy was 
met near the court-house, and a sharp engagement 
was the result. Martindale's (First) brigade had 
the advance, and the Second Brigade followed in its 
support. On finding the enemy in front a line of 
battle was formed, with the Second Brigade on Mar- 
tindale's right. The Union line charged the Con- 
federates, completely routing them, and capturing 
their camp equipage and a large number of arms, 
with more than eighty prisoners, among whom were 
several officers. The loss of the Sixty-second was 
light, only six wounded in the engagement, and on 
the same night it returned with the other troops to 
the camp near Gaines' Mill. 

On the afternoon of the 26th of June was fought 
the battle of Mechanicsville, by McCall's division 
of Pennsylvania Keserves on the Union side. From 
its camp near Gaines' Mill the Sixty-second, with its 
division, was ordered up to the support of the Reserves, 
and it was for a considerable time under a heavy fire 
from the enemy, but did not become closely engaged. 
The conflict resulted in a decided advantage gained 
by the euemy, and the retreat of the Reserves early 
on the morning of Friday, the 27th, to Gaines' Mill, 
three or four miles farther down the Chickahominy, 
where Porter's corps stood in line, prepared to give 
battle to the advancing Confederates under Long- 
street, the two Hills, and " Stonewall" Jackson. 
Morrell's division held the extreme left of the Union 
line ; Griffith's brigade (in which was the Sixty-second 
Regiment) occupying the right of the division line, 
and joining the left of Sykes' division. 

The Confederate corps of .Gen. Longstreet advanced 
from the northward, and the battle was opened with 
tremendous energy. It soon became general along 
nearly the entire line, and raged with fury during the 
entire afternoon, the advantage being, in general, on 
tiie side of the Confederates. The Sixty-second and 
the Ninth Massachusetts Regiments were ordered to 
charge, and did so with the utmost steadiness and 
bravery. Col. Black, of the Sixty -second, was killed, 
and the command of the regiment then devolved on 
Lieut. -Col. J. Bowman Sweitzer. By this desperate 
charge the enemy was driven from his position at that 
point, but the Sixty-second advanced too far, uncov- 
ering its flank. This was immediately perceived by 
the Confederates, who at once took advantage of its 
exposed position, and massing on the flank poured in 
a most destructive enfilading fire; but the regiment 
held its ground with remarkable steadiness, and de- 
livered volley after volley till its ammunition was 
exhausted, when it was comiielled to fall back bcfure 

overpowering numbers of the enemy. Having re- 
plenished its ammunition, it was ordered to the suc- 
cor of the troops which were hard pressed on the 
extreme left near the Chickahominy. The regiment 
went in at double-quick, charging into a belt of woods, 
in theface of a witheringfire from the enemy, who was 
strongly posted there. The fighting was fierce and 
determined on both sides, but the Union line was 
forced back, and the regiment retired to the Chicka- 
hominy. In the charge and repulse, late in the after- 
noon, Lieut.-Col. Sweitzer was taken prisoner, aud on 
the following day was taken to Richmond. 

During the night succeeding the battle the regiment 
crossed the Chickahominy, and on Saturday, the 28th, 
it remained in comparative quiet after the terrible 
scenes of the conflict at Gaines' Mill. On Sunday it 
moved with the other troops in the retreat (or change 
of base) to the James River, and arrived at Malvern 
Hill in the evening of June 30th. In the great battle 
at that place, in the afternoon of the following day, it 
lay in support of a battery, and repelled a desperate 
and determined charge of the enemy, made for the 
purpose of capturing the guns. The entire loss of the 
Sixty-second in this and the preceding battles of the 
campaign (including that of Hanover Court-House) 
was two hundred and ninety-eight killed, wounded, 
and missing. 

From the field of victory at xMalveni Hill the Sixty- 
second moved with the army snon aller midnight, 
and marched away through the gloom and mud and 
pouring rain on the road to Harrison's Landing (or 
Berkeley), on the James River, arriving there late in 
the forenoon of July 2d. At about 1L30 p.m. on the 
Slst of July, the Confederates on the opposite side of 
the river suddenly opened fire on the Union army from 
fifteen batteries of field artillery. The gunboat fleet in 
the river promptly replied with their monster Parrotts 
and eleven-inch guns, and for nearly an hour the sky 
and the waters of the James glowed brightly with the 
incessant glare of bursting shells ; then suddenly the 
fire ceased, and the enemy withdrew his batteries, 
having done but slight damage to the Union maga- 
zines, which it had been his intention to destroy. 
On the following day (August 1st) the Sixty-second, 
with its division and corps, moved across the James, 
and burned the mansion and other buildings of the 
Ruffin plantation, and leveled the woods which had 
screened the enemy's preparations for the artillery 
attack of the preceding night. 

After a stay of nearly seven weeks at the Landing 
the army evacuated the position and marched down 
the Peninsula. The Sixty-second took up its line of 
march on the 14th of August, and moved by way of 
Williamsburg and Yorktown to Newport News, where 
it embarked and was transported to Acquia Creek on 
the Potomac. Thence it moved by railroad to Fred- 
ericksburg, and remained a short time in the vicinity 
guarding the fords of the Rappahannock, but soon 
moved up and rejoined its divi-hjii, whirh had marched 



to the relief of Gen. Pope, whose army wa.s being 
hard pressed by the enemy south of Manassas. The 
regiment was sliglitly engaged at Gainesville, Va., 
August 27th, but did not take part in the battles at 
Bull Run, August 29th and 30th, being in reserve 
with Gen. Porter's corjis. After that battle and defeat 
it retired with its division to Centreville and thence 
to Minor's Hill, near Washington, reaching there 
September 4th. 

In the Antietam campaign, the Sixty-second was 
present on that famous field, but was not closely en- 
gaged in the great battle of September 16th and 17th, 
its division and corps being held in reserve, though 
the Second Brigade was for hours posted in support 
of batteries and under a heavy artillery fire. After 
the battle the Confederate army retreated to the 
river and crossed into Virginia, where, on the 30th 
of September, the regiment became slightly engaged 
in a fight with a part of his forces at Blackford's Ford. 
An account of that engagement is given by Bates, 
in his "History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers," 
as follows : " On the 30th, the enemy having retired 
across the Potomac, the Si.xty-second was ordered on 
a reconnoissance to the Virginia shore for the pur- 
pose of developing his strength. Crossing at an early 
hour at Blackford's Ford, the regiment was formed, 
and Companies L and M were deployed as skirmishers. 
No enemy was visible, and to all appearances he had 
withdrawn his forces. A few stragglers were captured 
and a number of muskets were gathered, when the 
regiment recrossed the river, and the entire corps was 
put in motion to follow up the retreating army; but 
scarcely had the One Hundred and Eighteenth Penn- 
sylvania (which formed the head of the column) 
reached the opposite shore when the enemy debouched 
in heavy columns from a thick wood and made an 
impetuous assault upon thi« isolated force, killing 
and capturing many, and driving the rest in coufu- 
siiiii bark In tl;r rivrr. ( icri. Murell had taken the 
jirecautiuii to plant :i battery u> cover the crossing. 
This was immediately opened, and soon succeeded in 
checking and driving back the assaulting parly. 
After this atfair the army remained in comparative 
quiet, resting upon the bank- of the Pcjtomac until 
the close of October," 

In the reorganization of the army which foUoweil 
the api>ciiiitMient of Gen. A. E. lUirnside to surceed 
Gen, MeClellaii in the chief command, the brigade 
of whii'h the Sixtv-secoud was a part (the Second) 
was under command of Col. Sweitzer, the division 
under Gen. Grifhn, and the corps (the Fifth) under 
V,ea. Butterfield, the Fifth and Third Corps together 
forming the Centre Grand Division, under eDUiniaml 
of " Fighting Joe Hooker." 

In the great battle of Fredericksburg, Dec, 1:^, 
1862, the Second Brigade cro.ssed the Rappahannoek 
at noon of that day, and marched through the .streets 
of the town under a terrific fire of artilli^ry, and ile- 
llecting to the right moved past a brick-kiln to and 

across the railroad to the front of the enemy's almost 
! impregnable position on Marye's Heights. There it 
! was met by a fire as destructive as was ever hurled in 
the face of an assaulting column. The right of the 
line gave way, but the Second Brigade moved steadily 
forward through the infernal fire to a point within 
ten rods of the stone wall which sheltered the enemy. 
To advance beyond that point was impossible, but 
I the men lay down in mud and water, a position so 
! exposed that a man could hardly rise to his feet and 
live a minute afterwards, and remained there until 
Sunday evening, December 14th, when they returned 
under cover of darkness to the town. Through the 
day and evening of Monday, the 15th, the regiment 
picketed the outskirts of the town and threw up in- 
trenchments to cover the retreat of the army. During 
the same night it recro.ssed the river, and occupied 
its old camp on the north side of the Rappahannock. 
I The loss of the regiment in the battle of Fredericks- 
burg was seventy killed and wounded. 

In the spring campaign of 1863 the Sixty-second 
left its winter-quarters on the 27th of April, and 
moved with its corps (the Fifth, then under command 
of Gen. Meade) to and across the Rappahannock at 
Kelly's Ford, and the Rapidan at Ely's Ford, and 
marched thence to Chancellorsville, where the com- 
mander of the Army of the Potomac, Geu. Hooker, 
made his dispositions for battle, with the Fifth Corps 
on the left of the line. On the 1st of May the Sixty- 
second moved with its brigade and division on a re- 
connoissance to the left. Late in the day the Second 
Brigade advanced to an extremely exposed position, 
where it was without support, and where a superior 
Confederate force attempted to reach its flank and 
rear, to cut it off from the remainder of the division. 
Companies L and M of the Sixty-second being 
thrown out as skirmishers, discovered the position 
and evident designs of the enemy, and after several 
hours of skirmishing and fighting (through the greater 
part of the night), the brigade was extricated from its 
perilous situation, and succeeded in rejoining the main 
body. On the 2d of May the regiment was not en- 
gai;ed in the battle which resulted in the breaking 
and j.artial ront of the Eleventh Corp.s. On the 3d 
it \v.[s po-ted. with its brigade, in support of artillery, 
and assisted in the work of intrenchment. Afterwards 
the tsixty-second was detailed to skirmish through a 
belt of woods, preparatory to an advance of the Union 
lines ; but the enemy fired the woods, and in that way 
prevented the execution of the movement. On the 
4th the brigade advanced (the Sixty-second in the 
front line) to reconnoitre a strongly intrenched posi- 
tion of the enemy, but was met by so fierce a fire of 
artillery that it was compelled to retire. In this ad- 
vance the regiment lost fourteen wounded. At about; 
three o'clock in tlie morning of the 6th of May the 
Filth Corps moved b.ack and recrossed the Rappa- 
hannoi-k, the Sixty-second being the last regiment to 
cross the swollen stream, from which it marched back 



to its previous camp at Falmouth, where it remained 
till about the 1st of June, then moved up the river to 
Kelly's Ford, where it was employed on picket duty 
and in observing the movements of the enemy. 

About the middle of June the regiment marched 
northward with the army on the campaign that cul- 
minated in the battle of Gettysburg. It arrived with 
the Fifth Corps on that historic field at daylight on 
the morning of the 2d of July, having been slightly 
engaged with the enemy at Middleburg, and the men 
having suffered terribly from the heat, dust, and fa- 
tigue of the long march. The corps was first placed 
in position in the rear of Cemetery Hill, where it re- 
mained awaiting orders during the greater part of the 
day. It was finally ordered in to support Sickles' 
corps, which was hard pressed and in danger of 
being forced back in disorder. The position of the 
Seconck Brigade was in front of Little Round Top. 
The Sixty-second occupied the left of the brigade 
line, — an exposed position, — which the enemy at- 
tempted to flank, but failing in this, made a vigorous 
attack, which was repulsed, but the Second Brigade 
was withdrawn to a new line behind a wheat-field, 
across which it soon afterwards charged, under a ter- 
rible fire, but while doing so its advance was checked 
by the giving way of a brigade, which was pursued 
by a heavy force of the enemy, who came on with a 
rush and yell, and gained the flank and rear of the 
charging Second Brigade, which was thus placed in 
an extremely perilous position, aud was extricated 
only by the unsurpassed bravery and steadiness of the 
officers and men, who retired slowly, but fighting over 
all the ground, until they gained a position of com- 
parative security at the base of Little Round Top, 
the enemy in the mean time having been checked 
and driven by a brigade of the Pennsylvania Re- 
serves. During the night the men built a rough 
stone wall, connecting the slopes of the two Round 
Tops, and this rude defense was held by the Sixty- 
second, which was not again closely engaged in the 
battle. Its losses at Gettysburg were heavy, reducing 
its strength to less than one hundred men. Among 
the wounded in this battle was Lieut. Patrick Morris 
of M company (mortally). 

The Sixty-second took active part in the succeeding 
campaigns of the summer and fall of 1863, and fought 
bravely in the engagements at Manassas Gap, Rappa- 
hannock Station, Locust Grove Church, and at Mine 
Run, December 3d. Immediately after the close of 
the Mine Run campaign it went into winter-quarters, 
where a considerable proportion of the men re-enlisted 
and a large number of recruits were received from 
Pennsylvania. During the winter the regiment was 
employed by detachments in guarding the Orange 
and Alexandria Railroad. 

On the opening of the spring campaign of 1864 
the Sixty-second moved with its corps to the Rapidan, 
crossed that river at Germania Ford in the night of 
the 3d of May, and moved southward into the Wil- 

derness, where it became heavily engaged with the 
enemy on the 5th, the regiment occupying the extreme 
right of the division line. It was again engaged on 
the 6th and 7th, and on the 8th it fought at Laurel 
Hill, losing heavily, but holding its ground and throw- 
ing up defensive works in the face of the enemy. It 
was heavily engaged and sustained severe loss in the 
great battle at Spottsylvania Court-House, and was 
almost constantly in line and under fire at and near 
that place from the 12th to the 21st of May, when it 
moved to the line of the North Anna River. It was 
engaged in the battle at Jericho Ford, and at Tolo- 
potomy on the 30th. From the 31st to the 3d of 
June it was continually under fire, and fought bravely 
in the bloody battles of Bethesda Church and Cold 
Harbor, suffering heavy loss in both engagements. 

Moving from Cold Harbor across the Chickahominy 
to the James River, the regiment crossed the latter 
stream and marched to Petersburg, reaching there in 
the evening of the 16th of June, and taking part in 
the battle of the 18th on the lines encircling that 
city, and in the engagement of the 21st at Jerusalem 
Plank-Road, where it lost slightly in killed and 

On the 3d of July, 1864, the ten original companies 
of the Sixty-second Regiment were mustered out of 
the service (the term of their enlistment having ex- 
pired), and the two remaining companies (L and 
M) were transferred to the Ninety-first Pennsylva- 
nia Regiment, and remained with it before Petersburg 
until the expiration of their term of service, and were 
mustered out on the 8th of August, 1864. The tat- 
tered and shot-torn flag of Company M has in- 
scribed upon it the names of the battles in which the 
Sixty-second took part, viz. : Siege of Yorktown, 
battle of Yorktown, Hanover Court-House, Seven 
Days' battles, Gainesville, Antietam, Blackford's 
Ford, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, 
Manassas Gap, Rappahaiinork Station, Mine Run, 
Wilderness, Laurel Hill, S|H,Usylv;inia Court-House, 
Jericho Ford, Tolopotdiny, lirtln^ila Church, Peters- 
burg. The following is a list of the officers and en- 
listed men of the Blair County company of tlie Sixty- 
second, viz. : 

Company M. 
(Date of muster in Aug. 9, ISGl, except where noteii.) 
Capt. Richard J. Crozier, res. March 7, 18C3. 

Capt. John H. Murray, pro. to 2(1 lieut. Sept. 1, 1861 : to 1st lieut. Dec. 
13, 1862; to capt. March 7, 1S63; mu'st. out with . 

apany .\ug. 15, 

Firat Lieut. Stephen C. Potts, died Dec. 14, 1862, of wounds received i 

Freilericl<8burg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. 
First Lieut. Rnbert N. Martin, pro. from 1st sergt. to 1st lieut. May 

1S64; must, out with company Aug. l.'i, 1864. 
Second Lieut. Andrew T. Howden, must, in July 4, isr.l ; pro. to q.i 

Aug. 21, 1861. 
Second Lieut. Patrick Morris, died July 11, 1863, of wounds received i 

Gettysburg July 2, 1863; buried in National Cemetery, section i 

grave 86. 
First Sergt. John Milffty, pro. from corp. to sergt. Dec. 15. 1862; to 1 



Ser^'l. Jm 

R. GarJner, tnins. to Olst Kegt. P. V. July J", 1SC4; 

IT, pro. from corp. to sergt. May 1, 1SG4 ; must, out willi 

;. 15, 16G4. 

weirs, pro. from corp. to sergt. M.iy 9, 1S64; must, out 

,1S64; must. 

V. July 20, 1804; 

Sergt. George G. Kre.-is, killed at WilJerness May 8,1864; buried in 
Wilderness l.urial-griuniils; vet. 

Corp. Dec. 1.5, 1S62 ; must, out witli com- 


nell, Jonatban, ir 
July 2CI, 
is, Robert, must. 

9l3t Regt. P. V. 

,1861; killed ; 

Eatuii, Hannibal V., died Oct. 8, 1862. 

Elder, Reuben, must, in March 31, 1864 ; died May 15, 1864, of wounds 

received at Spottsylvania Court-House May 12,1864. 
Finney, Orrin P., must, out with company Aug. 16, I8C4. 
Frederick, Benjamin F., trans, to Olst Regt. P. V. July 20, 1864; vet. 
Fltz^i^lmon3, James, must, in Feb. 13, 1362; trans, to 91st Regt. P. V. 


July 13, 1863; 

Corp. Thomas Green, pr 

pany Aug. 15, 1804. 
Corp. Patrick Brady, pro. to cnrp. Sept. 

Aug. 15, 1864. 
Corp. Jonathan Ginter. pro. to corp. M 

pany Aug. 15, 1S64. 
Corp. H.B.Flenink.n, inu-t. in Aus. 11 


.ut with com- 
.July 1,1864; 
.July 1,1864; 

Freeman, James E., 

Gather, Jacob, must, in Aug. IT, 1862; disch. on surg. cert 
G.irber, Charles, must, in July 4, 1861 ; must, out July 4, IS 

of term. 
Horn, Levi .\., must, out with company Aug. 15, 1864. 
Ualloreu, Charles, must, out with company Aug. 15, 1864. 
llenshy, John B., must, in Sept. 17, 1S61 ; disch. on surg. c 

list Regt. P. V. 

Corp. IHU r.l.i I..' • , I I 

Corp. lliirrison H. Suydei 

Cirii. Tlioiiias Maloy, .li*. 
Corp. Thomas Connelly. >1 
Corp. Henrys. D.vim'. ii 
Corp. Samuel McKiiiii-.y, 
Corp. TlioDias Conden, nit 

in, 1S63. 
Corp. Henry S. GalIow,ay, 
Corp. William J. Blair. 
Corp. Thomas Hensly, mi 

I. July 1, 1864; 

1 surg. certif. Feb. 5, 1864. 
, Spottsylvania Court-Hou 

g. certif. June, 1802. 
Dn surg. certif. Jan. 9, 1863. 
Jan. 1, 1804; trans, to 9l8t Regt. 

IS. to 91s 
: Regt. P. V. July 2ii 

1861 ; disch. 

, 186: 

Kegt. P, V. July 
t Regt. P. V. July 

Johnston, Hugh 

:. Res. Corps Sept. 5, lMi3. 

ed at Gaines' Mill, Va,, June 27, 1S62. 

. 0, 1863. 

t with company Aug. 15, 1864. 

itli company .\ug. 15, 1864. 

a March 31, 1864; trans, to 9Isl Regt. P. V. 

itureJ .at Laurel Hill. Va., May 9, 1864. 

. - I 111. Oct. 22, 1862. 
ill .vc.|itember. ISGl. 
'1-1 l;-gt. P. V. Junc20, 1864; vet. 

25, 1862 ; died Jan. 13, 1862 of wounds reed, 
a., Dec. 13, 1S02; buried at Alexandria, Va,, 

.OlstKegt. P. V.July 

at Gettysburg; 
g. certif. Oct. 22, 

[ with ( 

, to 9Ist Regt. P. V. July 20, 

Vet. lies. Corps Nov 

. 1. 1863. 

■dut Gaines' Mill, Va 

...June 27, 


in Feb. 19, 1862. 

Minor's Hill, Va.,Oe 

t.2.S. 1861. 

1 Sept. 9, ISO! ; died 

May 0, 181 

; 1, of 

rsville, Vn., May 3, 1 

July 15, 1803; disch 

lipany Aug. 15, 1864. 
Mit with company .\ug. 15, 1864. 
It with comiiany Aug. 15, 1S64. 
January, 1862; liisch. on surg. certif. Ja 


Hess, David, must, in July 15, 186: 

V 211, 1864. 

■e, William, must, in March 31, 1864 

ns. to 91st Regt. P. V. 
IS. to 91st Regt. P. V. 
Bealton Station, Va., 

Dec. 17, 1863. 
McKinley, George, died .at Minor's Hill, Va., December, 1861. 
Nolan, William, disch. on surg. certif. May 5, 1863. 
Nicodomus, Samuel, trans, to 91st Regt. P. V. July 20, 1804 ; vet. 
Norton, William, must, in July U, 1803; substitute; trans, to 9: 

Regt. P. V. July 20, 1864. 
Orr, William, missing at Spottsylvania Cmrt-Hoiise May 12, ISiU. 
O'Connor, William, must, in July Hi, 1863; trans, to 91st liegt. P. 

Smith, Isaac, must, out 
Shade, Henry, must, ou 
Slineman, Matthew C, 

t Regt. P.V.July 
•s. Corps Sept. 15, 
91st Regt. P. V. 

npauy Aug. 15, 1864. 
mipany Aug. 15, 1864. 
id at Gettysburg, Pa.; 

5. certif. Feb. 1, 1863. 



Aug. 27, 1861 ; disch. un surg. cerlif, March 

Saltgiver, George, 

25, 1S63. 
Sellers, George, disch. Oct. 6, 1S02, for wounds reed. at Gaiues' Mill, Vii 

Sliarrer, Daniel, must, in Feb. 7, 1862 ; disch. Oct. 6, 1802, for wounds 

reed, at Gaines' Mill, Va., .Tune 27, 1SC2. 
Smath, John, disch. on surg. certif. Feb. 6, IstiS. 
Shade, William, trans, to 91st Regt. 1'. V. Jnl.v 20, 1864; vet. 
Shaffer, John, trans, to Olst Regt. P. V. July 2li, 1864 ; vet. 
Sejbert, Samuel W., must, ia Aug. 31, 1863; substitute; trans, to 91st 

Regt. P V. July 20, 1864. 
Stolla, Frederick, must, in July 10, 1803; trans, to 9l8t Regt. P. V. July 

1 July 16, 1863 

Regt. P. V.July 
Regt. P. V. July 

Steele, James B , must, in July 17, 1863 ; trans, to 

20, 1864. 
Tipton, Samuel B., trans, to 9l8t Regt. P. V. July 20, 1864 ; 
Widensall, John, must, out with company Aug. 15, 1SC4. 
Wensel, Frederick, absent, sick, at muster out. 
Watkins, Thomas, disch. on surg. certif. June, 1862. 
Watson, George M., disch. on surg. certif. Nov. 15, 1863. 



The Seventy-sixth Regiment was raised in the 
fall of 1861, and organized at Camp Cameron, Har- 
risburg, under the following-named field-officers, viz. : 
Colonel, John M. Power; Lieutenant-Colonel, D. H. 
Wallace; and Major, Oliver M. Irvine, of Blair 
County. Two companies of the regiment were raised 
in Blair County, viz. : Companies C and F. 

The regiment left Harrisburg on the 19th of No- 
veniber, 1861, and proceeded to Fortress Monroe, 
and thence by ocean transports to South Caro- 
lina to join the expeditionary forces which had 
previously gone forward to Beaufort, in that State, 
under command of Gen. T. W. Sherman. Arriving 
at Hilton Head on the 8th of December, it was as- 
signed to the brigade of Gen. H. G. Wright, and in 
that command passed the winter in the delightful 
climate of lower South Carolina, engaged in camp 
and picket duty and the erection of defensive works. 
On the 8th of April, 1862, eight companies of the 
regiment embarked at Hilton Head {leaving F and 
A companies behind at that place) and proceeded 
to Tybee Island, near the mouth of Savannah River, 
toassi-^tin t 111' projected assault on Fort Pulaski. On 
the loth tin; li.iiic lies were opened on the fort, which 
surroiidiM-rd on tlir 11th without an assault of infantry. 
The regiment returned to Hilton Head on the 19th, 
and remained there till the 30th of May, when it 
moved to North Edisto Island, and on the 1st of June 
to John's Island, to take part with other troops in an 
attack on Charleston. It moved to Legareville on 
the .''ith of June, and ten days later the attack was 
made, but was unsuccessful, and the troops withdrew. 
During the remainder of the summer and part of the 
fall the regiment remained in comparative inaction. 

On the 27th of September Maj. Irvine resigned, and 
Capt. Cyrus Diller was promoted to the majority. 

On the 22d of October the Seventy-sixth (then 
under command of Col. D. C. Strawbridge) marched 
on an expedition for the purpose of breaking the 

j railroad communication between Charleston and Sa- 
vannah by the destruction of the long and high 
trestle-work at Pocotaligo. A strong force of Con- 
federates was encountered and a severe battle resulted, 
in which the Seventy-sixth took prominent part, and 
sufiered a loss of seventy-five killed and wounded. 
Among the former was Capt. Henry Wayne, and 
among the wounded Lieut. Gwin, both of F com- 

From this time, for more than eight months, the 
regiment was employed in picketing and ordinary 

I military duty on St. Helena and others of the Sea 
Islands. On the 6th of July, 1863, it moved with the 
other regiments of the brigade commanded by Gen. 
George C. Strong to Morris Island, in Charleston 
Harbor, to take part in an assault on Fort Wagner. 
In the morning of the 10th a tremendous cannonade 
was opened on the fort by the Union batteries and 
ironclads, and was continued for more than two hours, 
at the end of which time Strong's brigade (including 
the Seventy-sixth) moved forward to the attack, and 
gallantly carried the shore batteries. At about sun- 
rise on the following morning the Seventy-sixth and 

' the Seventh Connecticut Regiment assaulted the main 
work (Wagner), but were repulsed with a to the 
Seventy -sixth of fifty-two killed and one hundred 
and thirty-five wounded, among the latter of whom 
was Maj.John W. Hicks, of Blair County. On the 
evening of the 18th of July the regiment joined in 
another assault more fierce and determined than the 
former one, and in this Gen. Strong, commander of 
the brigade, and Col. Robert G. Shaw, of the Fifty- 
fourth Massachusetts Regiment, were killed. In this 
action, however, the Seventy-sixth Pennsylvania suf- 
fered much less than in the previous assault, losing 
only nineteen killed and wounded. On the 2d of 
August the regiment moved to Hilton Head, where 
it remained many months, picketing, and occupying 
adjacent points by detachments. During this time 
(December 20th) Maj. Hicks was promoted to the 
grade of lieutenant-colonel. 

The regiment remained in the South till the first 
part of May, 1864, when, with its corps, it was trans- 
ported to Virginia, and there attached to the Army 
of the James, under Gen. B. F. Butler, at Bermuda 
Hundred. On a reconnoissance made by the brigade 
soon after its arrival, the Seventy-sixth lost sixty-one 
killed, wounded, and missing, in an action at the 
Weldon Railroad, the destruction of which was the 
object of the expedition. The enemy's force retired 
and concentrated at Fort Darling (Drury's Bluff), on 
the James River, below Richmond, where they were 
reinforced by Wise's Legion, and attacked in turn 
on the 16th of May, gaining a decided advantage. 



Fighting was continued for several clays afterwards, 
without resulting in a general engagement. On the 
27th of May the regiment, with its division (the 
Second of the Tenth Corps), embarked and proceeded 
down the James and up the York and Pamunkey 
Kivers to White House Landing, where it joined the 
Army of the Potomac about the time when it was 
taking position at Cold Harbor, where the regiment 
took part, and sustained heavy in the tremendous 
battles of the 1st, 2d, and 3d of June. After these en- j 
gagemen ts it moved, with its division, across the Chick- 
ahominy and James Rivers, and rejoined the Army of 
the James on the loth of June, and was at once sent 
out with a force to destroy the railroads. Oq the 23d 
it joined the lines of the Army of the Potomac before 
Petersburg. It was on active duty at the mine explo- 
sion (July 30th), and suffered considerable loss. From 
the 13th to 17th of August it was daily under fire at | 

I pBo 


V t 

le e 

le I 


H ( 



a k 

the regiment returned by sea to their homes in Penn- 

The lists of ofticers and enlisted men of the Blair 
County companie.s of the Seventy-si.xth Regiment are 
given, as follows : 



(Date of muster iu Oct. 17, 1S61, except where noted.) 

Capt. .lolin W. Hicke, pro. to niaj. May 1, 1863. 

Capt. Alfred Hicks, pro. from 2d to 1st lieut. Sept. 2, 18C2, to capt. Slay 

1, 1863; must, out Nov. 28, 1804, expiration of term. 
Capt. John McNevin, pro. fi-om q.m.-sergt. to 2d lieut. Oct. 10, 1804, to 

capt. Feh. 17. 186.T ; must, out with company July IH, 1865 ; vet. 
First Lieut. GeorKe S. Hower, died at Hilton Head, S. C, Sept. 2, 1862. 
First Lieut. Josepli Harlin, pro. from 1st sergt. Feb. 17, 1865; must, out 

with conipiiny July 18, 1865. 
Second Lieut. Joseph D. Kuch, pro. from 1st sergt. Sept. 2, 18G2; disch. 

April 16, 1863. 
Second Lieut, Pliiln. N. Hicks, Sr.,pro. from sergt. Fell. 14, 1S64; disch. 
Auir. 19_ lani. 

m d R , 


t 1 k 

ho'- el 

la 1 e k 1 II 

I o to k ] e k on 

e a t H e R 1 

o n o ) 

1 r h 1 t e 

ID 1 4 1 e 

B I 1 1 h 

1 1 f 1 e el 

n n f{ 1 >- e 1 



1 1 M J 

I t r 

e f 

V 1 1 t '< 

e W 1 e R N 

e II e ( 

e ee 1 Jb tl r 

:>f the Confederate armies of Lee and Johnston) it 
moved to Wilmington, and from thence the men of 


Hagerty, Isa;ic, must, in Aug. 27, 18G3; absent, in continement, at nmat. 
Hall, John, must, in July 22, 1S63 ; must, out with company July 18, 

Bowen, Thomas, mus 

18U4; must, out with comp 
ubstitute ; must, out v 

I July 



Bonnell, James, must, in Feb. 17, 1865; 

pauy July 18, 18G5. 
Ball, Elias B., must, in Jan. 19, 1865 ; disch. by G, 0. July 31, 1805. 
Breeze, Samuel, must, out Nov. 28, 1864, expiration of term. 
Brown, Anson G., must, in Feb. 16, 1865; substitute; disch. by G. 0. 

June 10, 1865. 
Brownson, Isaac \V., must, in Dec. 13, 1864; died at Raleigh, N. C, 

, 1866. 

Bomganlner, Zach., killed 
Conklin, John, must, in F 

2, 1865. 
CoUafcan, Mioliael, diach. by surg. ceitif. June 22, 1803. 
Chamberlain, W. P., must, out Nov. 28, 1864, expiration of term. 
Curran, James, must, in Feb. 27, 1864; disch. on surg. certif. June 4, 

Crawford, William, killed at Pocotaligo, S. C, Oct. 22, 1862. 
Ck)x, John, died July 18, 1863, of wounds received at Fort Wagner, S. C, 
Buffey, John, must, in June 4, 1864; must, out with company July 18, 


Feb. 23, 1865; substitute; absen 

Dayton, Jolin M, must, in July 23, 1863 ; disch. by G. 0. July 15, 1865. 
Dunn, William, must, in July 14,1803; trans, to Vet. Ees. Corps.; disch. 

by G. 0. Aug. 14, 1865. 
Dehaven, Absalom, must, in July 13, 1863; disch. by G. 0. May 10, 1865. 
Dunlap, William, must, out Nov. 28, 1864, expiration of term. 
Dasher, John W., must, in Feb. 19, 1802; wounded at Fort Wagner, S. C, 

July 18, 1863 ; must, out expiration of term. 
Deafabaugh, Adam, must, out Nov. 23, 1864, expiration of term. 
Deafabaugh, Thomas, must, out Nov. 28, 1854, expiration of term. 
Davis, Joshua V., disch. on surg. certif. March 3, 1803. 
Dasher, Samuel, trans, to Vet. Res. Corps April 28, 1864. 
Dasher, Levi, died at Hilton Head, S. C, April 17, 1863. 
Denuisou, Jos. S., must, in Dec. 30, 1803; died at Hampton, Va., Sept. 

12, 1S64; burial record Aug. 12, 1804. 
Davis, James, must, in Feb. 16, 1865; substitute. 
Evans, Charles W., must, in June 2, 1864 ; must, out with company July 

18, 1865. 
Flick, Thomas, must, in Aug. 24, 1863 ; disch. by G. 0. June 7, 1305. 
Fetzer, Michael, must, in July 18, 1864 ; must, out with company July 

18. 1805. 
Francis, Albert, must, in Feb. 23, 1865 ; substitute ; must, out with com- 
pany July 18, 186(^. 
Frutchey, Christian, must, in Jan. 19, 1865; disch. by G. 0. July 13, 

Fitzgerald, I'atri«k, must, in Feb. 18, 1865; substitute; must, out with 

company July 18, I860. 
Fredergill, Thomas, nmst. in Nov. 1, 1801 ; disch. on surg. certif. Sept. 

5, 1802. 
Flanningtoii, James, must, in Feb. 21, 1S65 ; substitute. 
Gneser, .\dam, must. in July 13, 1863; must, out with CLimpany July IS, 

Gross, John, must, in Feb. 21,1865; substitute; must, out with company 

July 18, 1865. 
Goutard, Adolph, must, in July 25, 1863; disch. by G. 0. July 18, 1865. 
Gibbuny, John C, must, in Feb. 22, 1864 ; must, out with company July 

18, 1805. 
Gates, M. V. B., must, out Nov. 28, 1864, expiration of term. 
Gates, George W., disch. on surg. certif. March 28, 1863. 
Greene, Edward S., must, out Nov. 28, 1864, expiration of term. 
Glunt, Jacob, killed at Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864 ; vet. 
Good, John, killed at Petersburg, Va., Aug. 16, 1864; vet. 
Garland, Moses K., must, in March 28, 1864 ; died at Chapin's Farm, Va., 

Jan. 1, 1805. 
Hoover, John D., must, in Aug. 26, 1863; must, out with company July 

ith company July 

ith company July 

Darbytown Boad, 


F., must, in Feb. 17, 1865 ; substitute; must. - 

pany July 18, 1865. 
Hawley, Isaiic, must, in Aug. 27, 1863 ; absent, sick, at mi 
Hetrick, Andrew G., must, in Aug. 26,1863; must, out v 

July 18. 1865. 
Hainlcy,Christian, must, in Feb. 23,1664; must, out with company July 

18, 1865. 
Henderson,, must, in Feb. 23, 1864 ; must, out witli company 

July 18, 1865. 
Hoover, George S., must, in Feb. 27, 1864; must, out with company July 

18, 1805. 
Helsel, Edward, must, out Nov. 28, 1864, expiration of term. 
Hicks, Phil. N., Jr., must, in Feb. 24, 1864 ; pro. to q.m.-sergt. Sept. 7, 

. 1864. 
Hook, Maddock, must, out Nov. 28, 1864, expiration of term. 
Hainzey, John, must, out Nov. 28, 1864, expiration of term. 
Hainzey, George, must, out Nov. 28, 1864, expiration of term. 
Hoover, Thomas L., disch. on surg. certif. June 8, 1864. 
Hale, Henry, must, in Nov. 1, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif. Feb. 1, 1863. 
IloWH, Robert, prisoner from July 11, 1863, to Nov. 20, 1864 ; must, out 

Nov. 25, 1804, expiration of term. 
Hall, George, discli. on surg. certif. March 24, 1803. 
Higley, Daniel M., must, in Aug. 27, 1863; di.sch. on surg. certif. Dec. 

14, 1804. 

Hendrick, Otis N., must, in Sept. 4, 1863 ; killed at Drury's Bluff, Va., 

May 16,1864. 
Hall, Samuel S., must, in Jan. 19, 1865; died at Wilmington, N. C, April 

15, 1805. 

Irvin, John S., must, in Feb. 21, 1865; substitute; must, out with com- 
pany July 18, 1865. 

Jordon, William T., must, in Aug. 27, 1803; must, out with company 
July 18, 1866. 

Jenkins, John, nmst. out Nov. 28, 1804, expiration of term. 

Keener, William F., must, in Aug. 13, 1803; must, out with company 
July IS, 1865. 

Kline, George W., must, in Aug. 27, 1S63 ; must, out with company July 




. certif. Feb. 

L Aug. 24, 1863; disch. 


18, 1805. 

idershot, S., mu 

t. ill Aug. 25, 1863; m 

18, 1805. 

ncock, Johu, mus 

t. in July 13, 1863; m 

18, 1365. 

gerty, Henry, mu 

St. in Aug. 27, 1803 ; w 

Va., Oct. 27, 186 

4; disch. by G. 0. July 

King, Watson S., mu 

Kegrise, Ebenezer, killed at Fort Wagner, S. C, July 11, 1803. 
Renter, Robert F., must, in Aug. 27, 1863 ; died at Point of Rocks, Md., 

Jan. 15, 1M65; buried in National Cemetery, City Point, Va., section 

A, division 4, grave 52. 
Kell.-y, James II., must, in July 14,1863; died at SVilmiugtou, N. C, 

King, Thomas D., must, in Dec. 31, 1863; died at Portsmouth, Va., July 

17, 1864. 

Langdon, Harrison, must, in Feb. 20,1865; substitute; must, out with 

company July 18, 1865. 
Luther, Francis, must, in Jan. 25, 1865 ; must, out with company July 

18, 1865. 

Laise, John, must out with com] any July 18, 1S65 , vet 
Ling, John, must.' out Nov 28, 1804, expiration of term 

Loreuz, John B., must out N 1 1 f tcim 

Lang, James, disch on sur,, 

Lyninger, Edward, killed at I I \ 10, lSf4 vet 

Liugafclter, A. J., must in A „ 1 Ij G May 11 IsOo. 

Moore, John W., must in Feb „1, 1804, must out with ccmpany July 

18, 1S66 ; vet. 
Marks, Jacob, must, out with company July 18, 1805. 
Miller, Henry, must, out with company July 18, 1805; vet. 
Montgomery, T., absent, sick, at must, out; vet. 
Moutz, John, must, in Feb. 20, 1865 ; substitute ; must, out with company 

July IS, 1805. 
Mowry, Thomas, must, out Nov. 28, 1864, expiration of teim. 
Moore, Jesse, must out Nov. 28, 1864, expiration of term, 
Moyer, Michael, must, in Feb. 14, 1865 ; substitute ; died at Raleigh, N. C, 

July 5,1S65. 






McKeelian, W. L., must, out Nov. 28, 1854, 
McCounell, John A., must, out Nov. 28, ISC 
Nolan, Joliu, must, in Feb. 20,186.1; substit 

July 18, ISUo. 
Ounkst, Daniel, must, in Feb. 24, 1804 ; mils 

186,^>; vet. 
Packard, Eden, must, iji Feb. 17, 1S05; suli 

1,5, 1805. 
Pond, William, must, in Feb. 17, ISCo; suli 

pany July 18, 1SC.5. 
Pnrehan, Abdol, must, in March 14, 1805 ; i 
Bobison, John, must, in July 23, 1SI)4; musi 

Eeish, Joseph, must, in Feb. IS, 1805 ; BUlii 

pany July IS, 1805. 
Ramage, Thomas R., must, out Nov. 28, 186 
Reddy. Henry, disch. on snrg. certif. May y 
Rork, Joseph H., must, in Nov. 1, 1861; .1 


, 1864 ; 

must, out with company 
; witli company July 18, 
te ; diech. by G. 0. July 
.■ ; juust. out Willi com- 

with company July IS, 

on eurg. certif. Feb- 1, 
Feb. 10, 1865 ; vet. 

Beddick, Franklin, died at Federal Point, 1 

Smith, David K., must, out witli company July 18, 1865. 

Simpler, William, must, in Feb. IS, 1865; substitute; must out with 
company July 18, 1865. 

Schmidt, John, must, in Feb. 18, 18G5 ; substitute ; must, out with com- 
pany July 18, 18C5. 

Scott, John, must, in Dec. 31, 1863 ; must, out with company July 18, 

Smith, John, must, out Nov. 28, 1864. expiration of term. 

Smith, John M., disch. on surg. certif. Feb. 2, 1862. 

Smith, John (2d), must, in Feb. 20, 1865 ; substitute; G.O.Juue 
25, 1865. 

Strayer, Henry, disch. on surg. certif, Feb. 2, lsc,2. 

Seymour, Edwin, must, in Jan. 21,1865; sulistitute; discli. by G. O.June 

Tyler. George I'., must, in Feb. 18,1865: substitute; must, out with com- 
pany July IS, 1865. 

Tate, John T., must, out with company July 18, 1865; vet. 

Tate, William W., killed accidentally Dec. 5, 186 1. 

Treese, Henry, died at Hilton Hea.l, S. C, May 20, 1862. 

Vaughn, Thomas H., disch. by G. 0. Aug. 18, 1805; vet. 

Wildoner, Luther G., must, in Oct. 1.'), 1804; substitute; must, out with 
conipiuiy July 18,1805. 

Wentzell, John, must, in June 2,1864; must, out with company July 

Wick, I'ctcr, must, in Feb. 18, 1805 ; disch. by G. 0. July 15, 1805. 

Sergt. John N. Det» 

Segt. George Boyle, must, in Jan. 1, 1864; absent without b-aveat mus- 
ter out; veteran. 

Sergt. William Miller, must, in Feb. 1,1864; pro. to sergt. March 11, 
1865; must, out with company July 18, 1805; veteran. 

Sergt. John Shay, must, in Aug. 21,1863; pro. to sergt. July 1, 1865 ; 
com. 2d lieut. July 1, 1865 ; not must. ; must, out with company 
July IS, 1805. 

Sergt. James A. Gwin, must, in Oct. 28, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif. 

Sergt. William H. Moore, must, in Oct. 28, 1861; disch. Oct. 18, 1862. 

Sergt. Peter Fogel, must, in Oct. 28, 1861; must, out Nov. 28, 1864, ei- 

Pergt. William A. Kline, must, in Oct. 28, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif. 

Sergt. Alexander R. Gwin, must, in Oct. 28, 1661; killed at Fort Wag- 
ner, S. C, July IS, 1863. 

Sergt. Lucius A. Hurlbert, must, in Aug. 27, 1SG3; disch. by G. O. June 
28, 1865. 

Sergt. John A. Boyles, must, in Oct. 2S, 1S61 ; died at Charleston, S. C, 
July 20, IS63. 

Corp. George Snyder, must, in Aug. 26, 1863; wounded at Darbytown 
Road, Va., Oct. 27, 1864 ; must, out with company July 18, lSt>5. 

Corp. Augustus Barker, must, in July 18, 1863; must. out with company 
July 18, 1805. 

Corp. George McKe 

Corp. HeniY r:i.'i. ■ 

July 9, 1863; pro 

, 1865; 

May 4, 1S65; 

June7, i- ; I, I .1 « nil company July 18, 1865. 
Corp. G<-.i_ l: I i:. Feb.22,1864; pro.tocorp.JuIy7,lS65; 

must, Mill . iMi.n.i .luly 18,1865. 
Corp. Thomas Cliubb, must, m Blarch 3, 1865 ; pro. to corp. July 7. 1S65 ; 

must, out with company July 18, 1865. 
Corp. Alheit D. Moore, must, in Oct. 28, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif. April 

4, 1S03. 
Corp. Henry A, Miller, 

expiration of term. 
Corp. John Laffcrty, must, in Oct. 28, 1861 

piration of term. 
Corp. D.lniel Clark, must, in Nov. 8, 1861 

Corp. Casper Wicker 

28, 1861; 


Corp. Nicholas McCollough, must, in July 16, 1S63 ; disch. by G. O, May 

24, 1805. 
Corp. David A. Moore, must, in Oct. 2S, Isol; di»ch. on surg. certif. 

April 4, 1862. 
Corp. Adie F. Irwin, must, in Oct. 28, 1801 ; must, out «an. 12, 1865, ei- 

Corp. John McLaughlin, must, in Oct. 28, 1801; disch. July 13, 1802. 
Cnrji, .hiiiics Mct'ormick, must, in Nov. 6, 1801; pro. to sergt.-miijor. 
I'm I' Charts Evans, must in Nov. 6, 1861; pro. to sergt. Co. K. 
Cnrp. Ji.nies II. Hushes, must, iu Oct. 28, 1861; killed at Chesterfield 

, 1804. 

. 0, 1861 ; killei 

) ; res. Miiy 27, 1805. 
sol ; pro. from hospital 
lit. Juno 30, 1805 ; must. 

at Drury's Bluff, Ta., 
Jilled at Oiesterfield 
n action July 9, 1804. 

I Oct. 10, 1804 ; i 
Oct. 10, 1864 ; 6 


(Dote of muster in of balance of company, Oct. 28,1861, except i 
Ayers, James M., must, in Oct. 28, ISBl ; must, out Nov. 23, 1864, 

Bollinger, Jolm, must, in July 14, 1863; wounded at Darbytown Boad, 

Va., Oct. 27, 1864; must, out with company July 18, 1865. 
Berker, Frederick, must, in Aug. 26, 1863 ; must, out with company July 


Mtli company. 

Gray, John, must, in Feb, 18, 1865 ; substitute ; I 

July IS, 1865, 
Grossman, Frederick, must, in Feb, 23, 18G5; substitute; nuist. out with 

company July 18, 1865, 
Grossenbecker, John, must, in Feb, 21, 1865; substitute; must, out with 

compauy July 18, 1865, 
Gray, Silas, must, in Oct, 28, 1861 ; disch. Sept, 4, 1862, 
Gray, Milton, must, in Oct, 28, 1861; must, out Nov, 28, 1S64, at e.\pira- 


1 Oct. -2 


I Begt, P, V, June 22, 1865 ; absent. 

1 company July 
18, 1S65, 

Bearer, Levi, must, in Oct, 19, 1864; substitute; must, out with company 
July 18,1866, 

Barton, Bright H,, must, in Feb, 26, 1864 ; must, out with company July 
18, 1866, 

Brown. James, must, in Feb, 24, 1865; substitute; must, out with com- 
pany July 18, 1865, 

Buffamoyer, Daniel, must, in Feb, 15, 1866; substitute; must, out with 
company July IS, 1865, 

Back, Treranian, must, out Nov. 28, 1854, expiration of term. 

Burkhart, William, must, out Nov, 28, 1864, expiration of term, 

Burkbart, William D., must, out Nov, 28, 1864, expiration of term. 

Bare, Walter, must, out Nov. 28, 1864, expiration of term. 

Brown, Joseph, must, out Nov, 28, 1864, expiration of term. 
Ball, Willi:ini W,, must, in Aug, 27, 1863; disch, by G. 0, June 9, 1865, 
Brown, James B., killed :it Cold Harbor, Va,, June 6, 1864, 
Burkliolder, Heury, died at Hilton Head, S, C, Aug. 23, 1862; burial 

Buel, Heury G., killed at Fort Wagner, S. C,, July 11, 1863. 

Boyles, William, killed at Pocotaligo, S. C, Oct, 22, 1862, 

Bai tlebougli, Henry, died at Hampton, Va., June 29, 1864, of wounds re- 

Giboney, George W., must, in Nov, 16, 1861 ; must, out Nov, 28, 1864, at 

expiration of term. 
Gobies, William, must, in Aug, 27, 1863; died at Hampton, Va., July 20, 

Gaines, George, must, in Aug, 26, 1863; died July 11, 1804, 
GiUhouse, Albert G,, must, in Sept. 18, 1861, 
Hawley, Isaac, must, in Aug, 26, 1863 ; absent, sick, at must, out. 
Hopper, Nicholas, must, in Feb, 16, 1865 ; must, out with company July 

18, 1865. 
Henney, Levi, must, in Aug. 27, 1863; disch, by G, 0, June 2, 1865, 
Hultz, Nathan, must, in Aug, 27, 1863; disch, by G, O.June 2, 1865. 
Hubbard, Michael, must, in Aug. 26, 1863; disch, on surg. certif, April 

24, 1865. 
Houseman, Andrew, must, in Oct. 28, 1861 ; trans, to Signal Corps Oct, 

16, 1863, 
Hempiield, George, must, in April 24, 1862 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps 

Dec. 8, 1863. 
Hencb, Frederick, must. 

Hagerty, Joseph, must, ii 

Bradley, Thomas,: 

, March 28, 1864 ; died June 12, 1864, of \ 

1864; killed 

buried near Fort Steadman, Petersburg, Va, 
Hurley, John, must, in Oct, 28, 1861 ; died at Fo 

30, 1801, 
Holeman, Edward, must, in Feb, 22 

N, C, June 19, 1S05, 
Irwin, Jacob, must, in Oct. 28, 1861 ; must, out Nov. 28, 1864, at ( 

Jennings, Michael, must, in Oct. 28, 1861 ; must, out Nov. 24, 1864, 

Head, S. C, 
July 9,1864; 

It Fortress Monroe, V.i,, Nov. 
substitute; died at Raleigh, 

Black, John W., must, in Feb, 13, 1865 ; substitute, 

Cogsdale, Tyler, must, in Aug, 27,1863; disch, by G. 0, July 8, 1805, 

Clemo, Stephen, must, in Sept, 23, 1864; absent, sick, at must. out. 

Cochran, Michael, must, in Feb, 25, 1865 ; substitute ; must, out with 
company July 18, 1865. 

Crossley, Matthias, must, in Feb. 21, 1865 ; substitute; died July 21, 
1865 ; buried in Cypress Hill Cemetery, Long Island. 

Conrad, Henry, must. in Deo. 23, 1864; must, out with company July 18, 

Cooper, Isaac, must, in Feb. 15, 1866; substitute; must, out with com- 
pauy July 18,1866. 

Conners, John, disch, on surg, certif. 

Grossman, Frederick, disch. on surg. certif. April 21, 1863, 

Chittenden, Abel S,, must, in Sept. 23, 1864; died at Wilmington, N, C, 
May 14, 1866, 

Dell, Samuel, must, in Feb. 22, 1864; absent, sick, at must, out. 

Diehl, William H., must, iu Feb, 17, 1S05; substitute; disch, by G, 0. 
June 30, 1805, 

Diren, Daniel W,, must, out Nov, 28, 1804, at expiration of term. 

Ditch, Henry, disch, on surg, certif. April 4, 1803. 

Dole, Daniel, must, in Feb, 18, 1864; substitute; disch, by G. 0, June 19, 

Dunham, Joseph, must, in Aug, 25, 1863 ; disch. by G. 0. June 12, 1806. 

Delauey, John, died at Hilton Head, S. C, Nov, 8, 1862. 

Daniels, John, must, in Oct. 16, 1861. 

Frank, William, must, in Oct, 14, 1864 ; subslitute ; disch, July 13, 1805. 

Freeman, Spencer, must, in Aug, 26, 1863 ; absent, sick, at must. out. 

Pairen, Martin, must, in Feb. 21, 1865 ; substitute ; must, out with com- 
pany July 18, 1866, i 

Fleck, Luther E,, must, in Oct, 28, 1801; died at Hampton, Va., June 17, 
1864, of wounds received in action. 

Fry, Adam, must, in Oct, 28, 1801 ; killed at Pocotaligo, S. C, Oct. 22, 

Fry, Levi, must, in Oct, 28, 1861 ; killed at Fort Wagner, S, C, July 11, 

Finley, Stephen, must, in Aug, 27, 1862; killed at Fort Wagner, S, C„ 
July 11, 1863, 

Johnson, John, must, in Sept. 20, 1861. 

Kelly, Atkinson, must, in Aug, 27, 1863; absent, sick, at must, out, 

Kimball, Festus A,, must, in Feb, 10, 1865 ; substitute ; disch. by G, 0. 
July 14, 1865. 

Kerns, Thomas, must, in Feb. 22, 1865; substitute; must, out with com- 
pany July 18, 1865. 

Krotzen, John, must, in Oct. 28, 1861 ; disch. on surg, certif. April 19, 

Kough, John S., must, in Oct. 28, 1861 ; must, out Nov. 28, 1804, at ex- 
piration of term. 

Kelley, Randall W., must, in Sept. 23, 1864; disch. by G. O.June 28, 1865, 

Kounsman, David, must, in Oct, 28, 1861 ; killed at Fort Wagner, S. C, 
July 11, 1863, 

Kinsel, Jonathan, must, in Oct. 28, 1801 ; killed at Fort Wagner, S. C, 
July 11, 1863, 

Krotzer, Henry, must, in Oct, 28, 1801 ; died at Salisbury, N, C, Nov, 22, 

Kemp, Joseph, 

Nov, 16, 1801 ; died at Hilton Head, S. C, July 
St. in March 24,1862; killed at Fort Wagner, 
, in March 24, 1862; died at Hilton Head, S, C, 
r, 1805; substitute; must, out with 

S, C, July 11,1863, 
Knox, Willbun T., must, in 

July 28, 1802. 
Laugtilin, George W., must 

company July 18, 1865. 
Lafferty, George, must, in Oct. 28, 1861; must, out N. 

I Sept. 23, 1864 ; disch, by G, 0. Ju 

Leffler, Williai 
Logan, Jamei A., must, in Nov, 10, 1861. 
Langdon, John G., must, in Sept, 12, 1861, 
Martin, Andrew, must, in Feb. 25, 1864; uiu 

18, 1 


, 29, 1864 ; disch. by G. 


^liller, EdnionJ, must, in Oct. 18, 1864 ; substitute ; must, out witb com- 

piiny July 18, 18C5. 
Meadville, Graliiim, must, in Oct. 28, 1861; prisoner from July 13, 18C3, 

to Nov. 21, 1864; must, out March 7, 18G5, to date Nov. 26, 1864. 
Moadville, Peter, must, in Oct. 28, 1801 ; discU. July 15, 1863. 
Monland, Joliu, must, in Oct. 28, 1861 ; disch. June 23, 186.3. 
Miller, George W., must, in Oct. 28, 1861 ; disch. on Burg. certif. 
Miller, James, must, in Sept. 26, 1864; disch. by G. 0. June 28, 1865. 
Maltheiv, Edward B., must, in Oct. 28, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif. 
Mumford, Alonzo 0., must, in Sept. 23, 1864; disch. by G. 0. June 28, 

Monroe, Joseph, must, in Sept. 23, 1804 ; disch. by G. 0. May 29, 1806. 
Murri.y, Ileory, must, in Feb. 24, 1865 ; disch. by G. 0. June 10, 1805. 
Morgan, John R., must, in Oct. 28, 1801 ; killed at Fort Wagner, S. C, 

July 11, 1803. 
McKiiill, .\lbert, must, in Feb. 22, 1805; substitute; must, out with 

McAriiiab, William A., must, in Feb. 27, 1804; must, out with company 

July 18, 1800; vet. 
McKeefer, Arthur, must, in July 11, 1803; disch. on surg. certif. April 

Noles, Michael, must, in Feb. 16, 1865; substitute; must, out with com- 
pany July 18, 1805. 

Osier, John, must, in July 10, 1863; disch. by G. O. Juno 9, 1805. 

O.vworth, George, must, in Oct. 28, 1801 ; trans, to Signal Corps Oct. 13, 

Powell, John, must, in Feb. 24, 1S04; died at Uampton, Ya., Aug. 28, 

iSept. 23, 1864; must. • 

1 Company July 

Kogers, Samuel F., must, in Jan. 25, 1865; trans, from 203d Kegt. P. V. 
June 22, 1805; must, out with company July 18, 1865. 

Beed, William H., must, in Oct. 20, 1864; substitute ; must, out with com- 
pany July 18, 186.1. 

Eeed, Thomas, must, in Aug. 26, 1863; disch. on surg. certif. May 8, 

Eumbaiigh, James, must, in July 13, 1803 ; disch. by G. 0. May 22, 1865. 
Uagan, Daniel, must, in Oct. 28, 1861; died at Uillou Head, S. C, July 

11, 1802. 
Rolles, Clement, must, in Aug. 25, 1803. 
Shultz, Dalliis, must, in Dec. 28, 1863 ; traus. to Vet. Res. Corps Sept. 16, 

1.SC4 ; disch. by G. 0. July 31, 1865. 
Spicer, Charles, must, in Oct. 10,1804; substitute ; must, out with com- 

vith company July 18, 
iington,N.C., April 24, 

Smurr, Reason, must, in July 16, 1863; muBt.( 

Shall, .John, must, in Aug. 11, 1804; died at % 

Skipper, August 11., must, in Feb. 24, 1805; substitute; must, out wi 

company July 18, 1.S05. 
Strawinger, John, must, in Feb. 13, 1865; substitute; must, out wi 

company July 18, 1865. 
Silbo, John, must, in Feb. 21, 1865; substitute; must, out with coi 

pany July IS, 1805. 
Staruosky, Henry, must, in Feb. 25, 1805; subslitute; must, out wi 

company July 18, 1805. 
Stole, Christian, must, in Aug. 18, 1804 ; substitute ; traus. from 203d Re( 

P. V. Juno 22, 1805; absent, sick, at must. out. 
Smith, George, must, in Oct. 28, 1861 ; disch. Feb. 29, 1S63. 
Smith, Sanford, must, in Oct. 28, ISOl ; must, out Nov. 28, 1804, expii 

tiou of term. 

on of I 

Shannon, John, must, in >.iv. 0, 1801; disch. Aug. 1, 1862. 

M.ult/,,, [ ii, .Xut;. 27, 1S63; disch. by G. 0. June 2, 1805. 

Ste r, l;..iij:iii,n.,mu-t. in ii.t. 28, 1861; killed at Pocotaligo, S.C, Oct. 

22, 1802. 
Smith, William, must, in Sept. 30, 1803; killed at Drury'e liluff, Va., 

May 14, 1804. 
Tioruey, Thomaa, must, in Feb. 27, 1804 ; must, out with company July 

Thompson, George, must, in Feb. 10, 1865 ; substitute; tlisch. by G. 0. 

July 18, 1863. 
Taylor, Gilbert, must, in Feb. 26, 1S03; subslilule; disch. by G. 0. July 

7, 1805. 

Vauor.len, Nor.G.,must.inOct.24,1864; killed at Fortress Monroe, Va., 
Dec. 12, 1804. 

Wise, John, must, in Aug. 27, 1863 ; absent, sick, at must. out. 

Welsh, David, must, in Feb. 23, 1866 ; substitute ; must, out with com- 
pany July 18, 1806. 

Whitman, Thomaa, must, in Feb. 14, 1865; substitute; must, out with 
company July 18, 1805. 

Wicker, Frederick, must, in Oct. 28, 1801 ; must, out Nov. 28, 1804, expi- 
ration of term. 

Weirbaugh, Levi, must, in April 24, 1862; must, out May 15, 1805, ex- 
piration of term. 

Wilcox, David E., must, in Sept. 23, 1804; disch. by G. O. June ID, 1865. 

Weirbaugh, Henry, must, in March 30, 1802; died at Portsmouth Grove, 
R. I., Oct. 18, 1804; burial record Oct. 30, 1864. 

Weeks, Carodan, must, in Aug. 27, 1803; diedat Andersonville, Ga.,Oct. 
2, 1S04, grave 10,217 or 10,253. 

Touug, John, must, in Jan. 1, 1864 ; disch. by S. 0., date unknown ; vet. 

The Seventy-seventh Regiment.— This regiment 
included in its original organization one company 
(C) from Huntingdon County. After the regiment 
had been in the service three years and five month?, 
it was joined in the field by a conipauy of Blair 
County men under command of Capt. Daniel Shock. 
Tliis was designated as Company F, most of the sur- 
viving members of the original F compauy being 
transferred about the same time to A company. 

The Seventy-seventh was rendezvoused at Camp 
AVilkins, near Pittsburgh, where it was organized, 
under command of Col. Frederick S. Stumbaugh, in 
October, 1861. On the ISth of that month it was em- 
! barked on transport steamers, and proceeded down 
the Ohio to Louisville, Ky., in company with the 
Seventy-eighth and Seventy- ninth Regiments of the 
Pennsylvania line, these three regiments forming a 
brigade, commanded by Brig.-Gen. James S. Negley, 
of Pittsburgh. From Louisville the brigade marched 
south along the line of the Louisville and Nashville 
Railroad, and remained encamped for a considerable 
time at a camp called " Camp Negley," in honor of 
the brigade commander. While here the Seventy- 
seventh was detached from the brigade and assigned 
to the Fifth Brigade of the division commanded by 
(ieii. .Vle-^ander McD. McCook, the other regiments 
of tlie brigade (commanded by Brig.-Gen. Thomas J. 
WciimI) being the Twenty-ninth and Thirtieth In- 
di;iMa and the Thirty-fourth Illinois. This brigade, 
with the army of Gen. Buell, marched southward into 
Tennessee, and arrived at Nashville on the 2d of 
JLirch, 1862. Soon afterwards the Seventy-seventh, 
with the other forces of Gen. Buell, continued the 
southward march, moving towards a point on the 
Tennessee River, where the forces of Gen. Grant and 
the Confederate army under Gen. Albert Sidney 
Johnston were approaching each other, and where, 
on Sunday, the 6tli of April, they joined in the great 
battle of Shiloh or Pittsburgh Landing. On the even- 
ing of the 5th (the same time when the Army of the 
Potomac under Gen. McClellan arrived in front of 
Yorktown) the advance of Gen. Buell's corps reached 
Savannah (nine miles below Pittsburgh Landing, on 
the Tennessee), and bivouacked there for the night. 
On the following morning- Buell heard the roar of 



the distant bnttle.nnd hurried his troops forward with 
all possible speed. The divi.sion of Gen. William 
Nelson led the advance, and pushed on without halt 
until late in the afternoon, when it reached the right 
bank of the Tennessee, opposite the place where 
Grant's hard-pre.ssed battalions were engaged in the 
desperate fight, contesting every inch of ground, yet 
slowly retiring towards the river. When the suc- 
coring division came up opposite the scene of con- 
flict its brave yet rough old commander sent an aide 
across to report to Gen. Grant, with this message, 
"Tell him," said he, "that Gen. Nelson is here with 
ten thousand fii/Zi/ing men and no d — d cowards !" 
this last remark being caused by the sight of a large 
number of fugitives from the fight skulking behind 
the bluff bank of the river. " Tell Gen. Nelson," said 
Gen. Grant to the aide, "that our men seem to be 
doing pretty well, but we shall be glad to see him 
over here." The division was promptly crossed and 
placed in position, enabling the Union forces to hold 
their ground tirmly against the last desperate assaults 
of the Confederates. During the night the gunboats 
in the river kept up an incessant cannonade, throw- 
ing their huge shells over the heads of the men of 
Grant's army and into the Confederate lines beyond. 
In the morning of the 7th the battle was renewed, 
and the rebel forces were driven back at all points, 
though they held their ground most stubbornly and 
fought for hours with the greatest desperation. Other 
troops of Buell's command had arrived in the mean 
time, and among them the brigade in which was the 
Seventy-seventh Pennsylvania, which came up by 
.steamboat from iSavannah. At about nine o'clock in 
the morning it marched upon the field, and was im- 
mediately under fire. For six hours after its arrival 
the battle raged with the greatest fury. The regiment 
repelled a desperate assault of cavalry, and was in 
the front' line in the final charge which drove the 
enemy from the field and ended the conflict. 

For about a week after the battle the regiment re- 
mained on the field near Pittsburgh Landing, then 
moved several miles to a new camp. About four 
weeks later it moved with the army towards the 
enemy's strong position at Corinth, Miss., in the ex- 
I pectation of a general attack upon the works at that 
1 place, but they were occupied without resistance, the 
I Confederates having evacuated. Upon the fall of 
i Corinth, Gen. Buell's army marched back to Nash- 
i ville; the Seventy-seventh, with its brigade, passing 
the entire summer on the route, which was from 
I Corinth up the valley of the Tennessee to Bridgeport, 
I Ala., thence northward by way of Stevenson, Cowan, 
I Decherd, Manchester, and Murfreesboro' to the capi- 
I tal. Here it had little rest, being ordered northward 
I on the rapid march with Buell's forces to intercept the 
I Confederate Gen. Bragg, who was marching on Louis- 
j ville, Ky. Buell's forces arrived on the 26th of Sep- 
I tember, and on the following day the Seventy-seventh 
I encamped in the suburbs of the city. 
I 10 

On the arrival of Buell's army at Louisville, Gen. 
Bragg faced his forces southward, and marched back 
towards Tennessee. Buell followed with his army, 
leaving Louisville on the 1st of October. The 
Seventy-seventh, moving with the left wing, passed 
through Stanford and Nicholsville, Ky., skirmishing 
with the enemy at Claysville, Lawrenceburg, and 
other places, but not being present at the general en- 
gagement near Perryville, October 8th. It reached 
Nashville, Tenn., in the last part of October, and re- 
mained there and in that vicinity for two months, 
taking part in a minor engagement at Lavergne on 
the 27th of November. On the 26th of December it 
moved with the army towards Murfreesboro', near 
which town the great battle of Stone River was fought 
on the 31st of December and 1st and 2d of January. 
The Seventy-seventh was on the left of the division 
of Gen. R. W. Johnson, which occupied the extreme 
right of the army, the position of the regiment 
being partly in a cedar thicket and partly in a cotton- 
field, with the enemy near, and directly in front. In 
this position it lay during the night of Tuesday, De- 
cember 30th. The battle was opened by Hardee's 
(left) corps of the Confederate army, which made a 
furious assault soon after daylight on the 31st, while 
the battery horses of Johnson's division were being 
taken to water. In a few minutes twenty-seven guns 
out of Johnson's five batteiies were in the hands of 
the Confederates, and the three divisions of Johnson, 
Davis, and Sheridan (comprising McCook's army 
corps) were in retreat in some disorder across the 
cotton-field towards the shelter of a ceda^ wood in 
the rear. The Seventy-seventh, with some other 
troops, rallied, made a counter-charge, and recaptured 
the guns of Edgerton's battery, which, however, were 
soon after again taken by the enemy, and the regi- 
ment, compelled to relinquish its temporary advan- 
tage, was finally driven across the field, and through 
the woods to the vicinity of the Nashville and Chat- 
tanooga Railroad, where the troops were rallied and 
a new line established by the commanding general, 
Rosecrans. This line, strengthened by slight breast- 
works, was held through the day against repeated 
attacks by the enemy. Several attacks were also 
made on Thursday, January 1st, and the artillery fire 
was incessant during that day, but no very decided 
advantage was gained on either side. The forenoon 
of Friday passed in comparative quiet, but about the 
middle of the afternoon the Confederates attacked 
with great fury on the left of Rosecrans' line, gain- 
ing an advantage at first, charging Stone 
River, and causing the Union troops to recoil at that 
point, hut they rallied at once and drove the enemy 
back across the stream. From that time the conflict 
raged until after dark, resulting in the complete rout 
of the Confederates, who retreated through the town 
of Murfreesboro' and along the turnpike road towards 

Through the entire battle of Stone River the 



Seventy-seventh behaved with great gaUaiitry and 
steadiness, for whicli it was highly complimented by 
Gen. Rosecrans. Soon after the battle it encamped 
near Murfreesboro', where it remained until the gen- 
eral advance of the Army of the Cumberland, June 
24, 1863. In the advance a Confederate division 
(Cleburne's) was found in a strong position at Liberty , 
Gap, where a heavy fight resulted on the 24th and 
2.')th, ending in the retreat of the enemy. The 
Seventy-seventh was one of the charging regiments, 
and sustained severe loss in the engagement. i 

The enemy retired to a strongly intrenched line at 
TuUahoma, but evacuated it on the approach of the 
Union army, and retreated to Bridgeport, Ala., and 
thence into Northern Georgia. The Union army fol- 
lowed in pursuit, the Seventy-seventh with its division 
arriving at Bridgeport, on the Tennessee River, on 
the 31st of August. Crossing the river, it moved to i 
Trenton, Ga., thence up Lookout Valley to Valley 
Head, then across the mountain to Broomtown Valley, 
on the road to Rome, Ga., but before reaching the 
latter place the progress of the column was arrested 
by the intelligence that the enemy was menacing the 
left of Gen. Rosecrans' army, with the evident inten- | 
tion of giving battle to that part of the line (wliich 
was separated from the extreme right and more than 
thirty miles from it) and of making a desperate at- 
tempt to reoccupy Chattanooga; and, tinally, that 
Longstreet's corps, having been detached from the 
Army of Northern Virginia, was already on the south 
side of the Savannah River, and moving by rail with 
all possible speed tojoin Bragg'sarmy at Lafayette, Ga. 
Upon receipt of this intelligence the Seventy-seventh, 
with its division and the other commands of the 
Union army, moved rapidly back over the mountain 
and down the valley by the same route over which 
the advance had been made, and again crossing the , 
mountain lower down towards the Tennessee, entered 
the valh'v known as McLemore's Cove on the 17th of 
Septendier. After some fighting at that place the ' 
Seventy-seventh, with its division, moved by way <if 
Dug Gap, Pond Spriiii;, niiil (i(jrdon's Mills, and ar- 
rived on the Held nl ( 'liiikain.-mga on Saturday, thr 

19th of September, and sr altirwards hccame hotiy 

engaged in the great battle which w;is LuiLiiit llnrc (Jii 
that and the fcjllowing day by tlic \'u\'>u army nrulcr 
Gen. Rosecrans and the Confederate f.irees under 
Bragg, reinlnreed by Longstreet's corps fnnii Vir- 

Near the close of the first day\ ll-ln at (■|,i,k- 
amauga the regiment charged, with it> luiLMde i Wil- 

and whi 
been rcii 

le in th 
by ti 1 
1 forced 

the most 




to-hand struggle in the twilight gloom they were over- 
powered, and seventy enlisted men of the Seventy- 
seventh taken prisoners, as were also several of the 
company officers, and all the field-officers of the regi- 
ment, wdio remained prisoners till May 1, 1864. Many 
of the privates of the regiment who were captured in 

, this fight died in the prison-pen of Andersonville. 
The remnant of the regiment (those who escaped 
capture in the evening of the lyth) fought in the 
battle of the second day at Chickamauga under com- 

I mand of Capt. Joseph J. Lawson, of Company C. 
The battle resulted in defeat to the Union army, 
and on Saturday night (September 20th) the Seventy- 
seventh, with the other commands, withdrew from the 
field of disaster to Ro,ssvillc, Ga,, and from there on 
Monday night and the early morning of Tuesday re- 
treated to Chattanooga. 

I After Chickamauga the regiment saw no more of 
fighting (lunn- tlieycur 1803. In October it moved 
from ChaltaniM.-u, cni-sing the Tennessee, and march- 
ing by the " Bob White road" to Jasper, Tenn., where 
it arrived on the 26th. Thence, crossing the Tennes- 
see to Shellmound, it moved up the river to Wliile- 

I side's, Ga., where it remained during the winter, and 
where a considerable number of the men re-enlisted 
as veterans, and the strength of the command was 
largely increased by recruits from Penn.sylvania. 

In the spring and summer campaign of 1804, the 
Seventy-seventh fought at Tunnel Hill on the 7th of 
May, at Rocky Face Ridge on the 8th, in several minor 
engagements from the 9th to the 13th, at Resaca, Dal- 
las, Ga., at New Hope Church, at Kingston, Ga.. at 
Kenesaw Mountain (where it lost heavily in killed and 
wounded), and at Peach Tree Creek, July 20tli. It also 
fought in the subsequent actions around Atlanta, 
including the battles of Lovejoy's Station and Jones- 

After the fall of Atlanta, when the Confederate army 
under Gen. Hood suddenly crossed the Chattahoochee 
into Alabama and marched towards Nashville, with 
the .vident intention of assaulting and capturing 
tli;it city. (Icn. Sherman detached a strong force 
liiini lii,^ aniiy at Atlanta and placed it under com- 
mand of Gen. George H. Thomas, with orders to 
march in pursuit of Hood, give him battle, and 
thwart his designs. The force was composed of the 
Tweiily-tliini (,'orps (Gen. Sehofield) and Stanley's 
( I'liiirtli ) ('or|)s, of which latter the Seventy-seventh 
was a ]iart. The regiment arrived on the 3d of No- 
vcmlier at Pulaski, Tenn. About the 25th it moved 
to ( '..hiiiiliia, where the enemy was found in heavy 
force :iiid strongly posted. A severe engagement 
rc-iiltcl, in which, on the 29th, the Seventy-seventh 
took ;i coii-piciioii- jiart. During the following night 
tin regiment moved to Franklin, Tenn., where it 
ton -lit k.ravely in the great battle of the 30th, being 
:it one lime almost entirely surrounded by the enemy, 
bnt e-caping ti-om its exjiosed position by the exer- 


great and decisive battle of Nashville, the Seventy- 
seventh took a prominent part in charging the Con- 
federate works on the 15th of December, and on the 
following day exhibited still greater gallantry in 
attacking one of the enemy's strongest positions, 
moving forward under a most destructive fire of 
canister, capturiug a battery, and driving the Con- 
federates in its front in utter and irretrievable rout. 
The loss of the regiment in this battle was heavy in 
killed and wounded, among the former being Lieut. 
Alexander T. Baldwin, of Company C. 

The Confederate army, completely defeated and 
routed at Nashville, fled southward into Alabama. 
Among the Union forces which pursued was the 
Seventy-seventh, which marched rapidly to Hunts- 
ville, Ala., but there abandoned the pursuit and 
remained through the succeeding winter. About 
the middlp of March, 1865, it marched to East Ten- 
nessee, where it was joined by five new companies, 
one of which was the new F company, from Blair 
County, under command of Capt. Shock. About the 
last of April the regiment returned to Nashville, 
where it was assigned to the First Brigade, First 
Division, Fourth Army Corps. In Jane it left Nash- 
ville, and passing down the Mississippi by boat to 
New Orleans, went into camp at Plaine Chalmette 
(Gen. Jackson's old battle-ground of 1815), where it 
remained nearly a month ; then embarked and pro- 
ceeded by sea to Indianola, Texas, arriving there on 
the 27th of July, and immediately afterwards march- 
ing to Green Lake. Afterwards it moved to a camp 
near Victoria. It remained in Texas until the early 
part of December, 1865, when it moved to Indianola, 
where the men were embarked and proceeded by 
sea to Philadelphia. Arriving there on the 16th of 
January, 1866, they were duly disbanded and re- 
turned to their homes and the vocations of civil life. 

Following are given lists of the officers and en- 
listed men of the Huntingdon and Blair County 
companies of the Seventy -seventh Regiment: 


Company C. 

(DiUe of muster in Sept. 20, 1S61, except where noted.) 

Capt. Michael McNally, res. Nov. 24, 1862. 

Capt. Josepll J. Lawson. pro. from 1st lieut. to capt. Jan. 8, 1863 ; to m:ij. 

June 13, 1805. 
Capt. Samuel S. Gillraan, pro. to Corp. Feb. 23, 1862; to sergt. Dec. 1, 

1SG2; to 1st lieut. April 10, 1865; to capt. Sept. 1, 1865; wounded 

at Marietta, Ga., July 4, 1864; absent, with leave, at must, out; vet. 
1st Lieut. Alexander T. Baldwin, pro. from sergt. to 1st sergt. N<jv. 15, 

1861; to 2d lieut. May 25, 1862; to 1st lieut. Jan. 8, 1863 ; wounded 

at Dallas, Ga., May 28, 1864 ; killed at Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 16, 1864. 
Ist Lieut. Silas M. Cline, pro. from sergt.-maj. to 2d lieut. April 10, 1805 ; 

to 1st lieut. Sept. 1, 1865 ; must, out with company Dec. 6, 1865 ; vet. 
2d Lieut. Samuel T. Davis, pro. to adjt. Sept. 28, 1861. 
2d Lieut. Edward B. Miller, pro. fnim Corp. to 1st sergt. May 26, 1862; 

to 2d lieut. Jan. 8, 1863; disch. by S. 0. Aug. 22, 1863. 
2d Lieut. John T. Baldwin, pro. to Corp. Slarch 12, 1862; to sergt. Jan. 

6,1864; to let sergt. April 12, 1S05; to 2d lieut. Sept. 1, 1865; must. 

out Willi company Dec. 6, 1865; vet. 
1st Sergt. Daniel McNulty, pro. to Corp. Aug. 10, 1862 ; to sergt. April 

12, 1800; to Ist sergt. Sept. 1, 1865; absent, on furlough, at must. 

pro. from Corp. to 


Dec. 14, 



prisoner from Sept. 19 

1803, to 




0. to Corp. Sept. 4 


to sergt 



nded at Frank 11 

., Ten 

., Nov. 

0, 1864; 


nans, to 44th Regt. P. V. Nov. 15,1801. 
mil t in JIarch2.5,1804;pro.to8ergt. April 10, 1864; 
must, out Nvith c.niiiiniy Dec. 6, 1865. 
j Sergt. William Heidler, pro. from Corp. to sergt. Nov. 28, 1862 ; wounded 
at Eesaca, Ga., May 15, 1864 ; must, out with company Dec. 0, 1805 : 

1 Sergt. Henry Wagner, wounded at Liberty Gap, Tenn., Juno 25, 1863 ; 
pro. to Corp. Dec. 1, 1862; to sergt. Sept. 1, 1865 ; must out with com- 
[ pany Dec. 6, 1865 ; vet. 

j Sergt. Andrew J. Mitchell, wounded at Chickamanga, Ga., Sept. 19, 1863 ; 

pro. to Corp. April 12, 1865; to sergt. Nov. 1, 1805; must, out with 

company Dec. 6, 1805; vet. 

i Sergt. Scott E. Crawford, died Jan. 13, 1863, of wounds received at Stone 

j River, Tenn ., Dec. 31, 1802. 

Sergt. Philip Bear, pro. to sergt. June 30, 1802; captured Oct. 8, 1862; 

trans, to regular army. 
Corp. A. W. Baldwin, must, in Feb. 22, 1864; pro. to Corp. Sept 1, 1805 ; 
1 must, out with company Dec. 6, 1865. 

Corp. George \V. Leidick, pro. to Corp. Dec. 11, 1863; must, out with 

company Dec. 6, 1865 ; vet. 
Corp. Henry H. Long, pro. to Corp. April 12, 1865; must, out with com- 
pany Dec. 6, 1865; vet. 
Corp. Patrick McNulty, wounded at Dallas, Ga., May 28, 1864; pro. to 

Corp. April 12, 1865 ; must, out with company Dec. 6, 1805 ; vet. 
Corp. Thomas McMahon, pro. to corp. Nov. 1, 1805 ; must, out with 

company Dec. 6, 1865 ; vet. 
Corp. Augustus Kiddle, pro. to corp. Deo. 11, 1863; must, out with com- 
pany Dec. 6, 1865 ; vet. 
Corp. John Roark, pro. to Corp. Sept. 1, 1865 ; must, out with company 

Dec. 6, 1865; vet. 
Corp. EzekielTantlinger, pro. to Corp. Sept. 1, 1865; must, out with com- 

Corp. Harvey Bennett, disch. on surg. certif. Jan. 10, 1862. 

Corp. William Jones, pro. to corp. July 1, 1864 ; trans, to U. S. Engineer 

Corps Aug. 1,1804; vet. 
Corp. Richard Mitchell, pro. to corp. 

1, 1865. 
Corp. William Keith, died Jan. 10, 1863, of wounds received at Stone 

River, Tenn., Dec. 31, 1862; burled at Stone River, grave 84. 
Corp. James S. Leator, died at Nashville, Tenn,, June 10, 1802. 
Corp. W. H. H. Woolslair, pro. to corp. Deo. 1, 1862 ; captured at Chicka- 

mauga, Ga., Sept. 19, 1803; died at Andersonville Aug. 27, 1864; 

giave 0980. 
Corp. Hugh M. Hall, pro. to corp. June 30, 1862 ; captured Oct. 8, 1862; 

enl. iu regular army. 
Musician John Dill, must, in Feb. 25, 1864; must, out with company 

Dec. 6, 1865., Gustave, must, in Feb. 29, 1864; wounded at Franklin, Tenn., 

Nov. 30, 1864 ; disch. by 6. 0. June 13, 1865. 
Arndl, John J., must, in Oct. 29, 1861 ; trans, to regimental band Nov. 

1, 1861. 
Brehm, William, must, out with company Dec. 6, 1866; vet. 

Baker, George, , absent, on detached duty, at must. out. 

Brown, Emaunel, must, in Feb. 24, 1804 ; must, out with company Dec. 

0, 1805. 
Bray, Thomas, must, in Feb. 20, 1804 ; must, out with company Dec. 6, 

. 11, 1863; to com.-sergt. April 


, John S., must, in Feb. 4, 1S65 ; must, out with company Dec. 6, 


tt, Silas A., must, in Slarch 1, 1865; must, out with company Dec. 

company Dec. 6, 

March 8, 1866; musi 


Brooks, John W., disch. on surg. certif. May 22, 1862. 

Bilchins, John C , disch. on surg. certif. June 2, 1862. 

Bull, Jacob, disch. on surg. certif. Sept. 24, 1862. 

Boyer, Peter, must, out Oct. 11, 1864, expiration of term. 

Buchanan, James VV., must, out Oct. 11, 1804, expiration of term. 

Black, Samuel D., must, in July 23, 1862 ; disch. by G. 0. June 22, 1865. 

Bostwick, Albert S., must, in Feb. 24, 1864; disch. by G. 0. May 12, 1866. 

Breiteiistein, Lnid, trans, to 4tti U. S. Art. March 1!', IS04. 

HISTORY OF HUNTINGDON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA., SKinuel, .lie.l at I.oinsville, Ky., Murch 4, 1802. 

llolden, John :^., must, in March 1, 1805: must, out with company Dec. 

Bender, Kzra K., died at Corinth, Miss., June 19, 1602. 

0. 1805. 

Ben.I-r. Fliivius J., .ni.tnred .it ChickamauBii, Ga., Sept. 10, ISC,:!; died 

Ilursli, Lebhias B., must, in March lo, 1S05; must, out with company 

at l:M,„i..i,.|,Va., Feb, 24, 18C4. 

Dec. 0. 1805. 

Hr...,-ll,.,. Ii, Tl,..i„,,s must, in Sept. 29, ISIU; eapturcd at rhickamanga. 

Hibler, Walter, uinst. in March 21, 1800; must, out with company Dec. 

i::i.,Sri-i, ri, 1-1.:; diedatAndersunvilloNov. 27, IKM ; luir. rec. Oct. 

0. 1865. 

■Ji,, |s,,l, ;;,,,,.. rj.I77. 

Howell, Albert J, must, in March 1.5,1805; died Nov. 28, 1805 ; buried 

]■.:,::'.. V. ! i:,, .,, . -^ M, Sept. Hi. 1802 ; captured at Oiiek.tniaupi, Ga., 

six miles northwest of Victoria, Tenn. 

-: |. 1 , in.l at Ander.-!onville,Tuly 31, 1804; grave 44114. 

llolwager, Jacob, must, in March 9, 1805 ; must, out with company Dec. 

I', ,, , , - 1 i;, -t. in March 9, 1805; died at Camp Stanly, Te.'ias, 

0, 1805. 

' ^,'. : ■■]-.. 

Hummel, Cliristian, must, in March 9, 1805; must, out with company 

l!.„„,.l"-'>Tli..i".-t. in Man-h i:, isra. 

Dec. G. 1865. 

Hell. F,..I.T,cU,M,u.t. ,MM;inl,-.l, IN,.-,. 

Hilbish, Zachariah T-,muKt. in March 8, 1865; must, out with company 

r,d,-niar,, .iMu-f ],.. niu-l, out with company Dec. 0, ISI«; vet. 

Dec. 0. 1865. 

Calveit.WilliiLinll -t.i.i l-,.h, 27, ls.;4;wonn.lea at Franklin, Tenn.; 

Heller, James, disch. on surg. certif. 10, 1S02. 

Hamer, George G,, must, out Oct. 11, 1864, expiration of term. 

Cup].. Joseph, .ou>l .., F.h L-:., 1.^1:4; «ound.'d at Ilalla», Ga., Jnne 7, 

Hamilton, Joseph B., must, out Oct. 11, 1864. expiration of term. 

l»i;4; ]„HM o„l uith.oinlMny Hoc CISI,."). 

Holt, James, must, in Oct. 1, 1862 ; must, out Oct. 0, 1865, expiration of 

Cramer, Samnel, mn.t in 20, lb02; mn=.t. out with comjuiuy Doc. 


C, ISO.i. 

Haas, Henry, must, in Oct, 20, 1861; trans, to regimental band Nov.l, 

Cooper, William X)., discli. on surR. certif. Jan. 10, 1805. 


Carpenter, ThumM D., must, in Oct. 20, ISOl ; trana. to hand Nov. 1, 1801. 

Ilinger, Samnel H., wounded at Lovejoy, Ga., Sept. 2, 1804; must, out 

Crook, William H., must, in Oct. 20, 1.801 ; trans, to hand Nov. 1, 1801. 

with company Dec. 6, 1865; vet. 

Cook, Charles t:., commissioned 2d lient.; trans, a.s aide-de-camp to Btaff 

Johnston, Jacob, must, in Oct. 20, 1861 ; trans, to n-gimental band Nov. 1, 

of Gens. Negley and Palmer; died July, 1864, of wounds received at 

1.SCI . 

.Atlanta. Ga. 

Jennings, .'Samuel, res. Oct. S, 1861. 

Oolhalh, .\nieil, dic-d at Tnsoumbia, Ala., June 10, 1802. 

Keller, Isaac, must, in Feb. 22. 1864; nmst. out with company Dec. 6, 

Dixon, W ,11,.„M. wuonded at Stone I'.iver, Tenn., Dec. 31, 1802, at Chick- 


am,in-a. Ga , S-iit. 10, lSG:i, and at Nashville, Tenu., Dec. 16, 1804; 

Kegg, Joseph, must, in Feb. 20, 1804; must, out with comjiany Dec. 6, 

Doaii.-, 1: , mnsl. in March i:j, 1805; must, out witli company 

Kol.p, William G., must, in March 9, 1805; must, out with company 

iTc r,, ISO,-, 

Dec. 0, 1805. 

DraK,-, Jolni. niL„t. in Jtarch 8, ISC.",; must, out with company Dec. 0, 

Kreps, Henry P., wounded at Liberty, Tenn., June 2.5,1803; n.ust. out 

Sept 20, 1864, expiration of term. 

Dougherty, George W., woumled at Liberty Gap, Tenn., June 25, 1863 ; 

Kephait, Samuel, must, in Feb. 27, 1864; killed ,at Atlanta, Ga., Aug. 5, 

must, out Oct. 11, 1804, oxpir.ation of term. 


Doihool. II., nnist. out Oct. 21, 1S04, e.Ypiration of term. 

Lee, Henry T., must, in Feb. 22, 1861; wounded at Dallas, Ga., May 28, 

p \> : ,■, , :, 1: „.,un,l,..l;a Liberty Gap, Tenn.,Jnne 25, 1803 ; must. 

1,864; must, out with company Dec. 6, 1805. 

,1 ' . ; 1. . ,|ii,iiiiiii of term. 

Leidick, Joseph E., must, in Feb. 24, 1804; must, out with company 

IK , : • [ , :, .:,- I,.',., U Uct. 10, 1801 . 

Dec. 0, 1865. 

Kl. r. , ^'liM. i 1111,-1 10 M,.ii li 8, 1865; died at Camp Ilarkor, Tenn., 

Leidick, Abraham, must, in Feb. 24, 1804 ; must, out with company Dec. 

,11, ,y,:, ISO,.. 

0, 1.805. 

FahnestocU, Eidiraim A., must, out with company Dec. 0, 1805; vet. 

Leidick, Daniel, must, in Feb. 28, 1805; must, out with company Dec. 

Flower.^ .la.oh, trans, to Vet. Res. Corps Feb. 6, 1864. 

0, 1805. 

FnlKi..;ul, John, tran.s. to Vet. Res. Corps Sept. 12, 1803. 

Lehnnm, Jacob, dis.h. Aug. 24, 1803. for wounds received at Liberty 

Fiiebao-h, .lacob, die.l at Camp Chase, Ohio, July 10, 1802. 

Gap. Tenn., June 2,5, 1803. 

Fii.loii. Isai.c N., n,ust. in Feb. 24, 1804; died in Texas, July 25, 1S05. 

Long, .lann-s P., must, out Oct. 11, 1864, expiration of term. 

Fit/.;;., aid, Henry. 

Landgral't, C'harles, must, in Aug. 15, 1S04; discli. by G. 0. June 22, 

G.irv,.,, Iiavol H., nin-t, in Feb, 22. 1804; must, out with company Dec. 


0, HC". ; vt. 

Logan, Thonnis, tr.ans. to 4th U. S. Art. March 10, 1.S04. 

t;o.»ll'n.-. I'll. , , n.n,-t, 10 Fi-b 2,.. 1m;I ; woU],deil at Dallas, Ga„ 3Iay 30, 

Lyeum, John, must, in Feb. 25, 1,864 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Cirps Aug. 25, 
Marks, Levi, must, in Feb. 25, 1804; must, out with cmipany Doc. 6, 

Gnd,lrlv^u-H,;''ou"'iirMa,cl, 10,1805; must, out with company 

Getty-. S;nnui 1 ,\., .ou.^t. H, Sept. 20, 1861; disch. Feb. 7, 180:i, for 

MarUel, Adam K., must, in Feb. 25, 1804 ; must, out with company Dec. 

wonlel,^l•ll■l^.■a:,18tMn.■ Ki ver, Tenn., Dec. 31, 1802. 

1:, 1.S05. 

lie River, Tenn., Dec. 31, 1802 

. by G. O. June 22, 1805. 

111.I..I at Dallas, U.i., .May 2>-, lM.4; must, out witli 
w..iiiided at Stone River, Tenn., Dec. 31, 1802 ; must, 
l.iii Maich 12,1801; must, out with company Dec, 

Mnrphy, George B., must, in Starch 1,1805; must, out with company 

Dec. 0, 1805. 
Michael, Jacob C, must, in March 0, 1805; must, out with company 

Dec. 6, 1805. 
Manning, William, disch. on surg. certif. Feb. 0, 1803. 
Mnrphy, Alexander, trans, to Co. I) Oct. 10, 1861. 
Monroe, George W., must, in Oct. 29, 1S61; trans, to regimental band 

Hurley, Walter, died at Na.shville, Tenn., Oct. 10, 1802. 

Martin, John, captured at Chickamauga Sept. 19, 1863; died at Ander- 

sonvillc, Ga., Aug. :iO, 1804, grave 7263. 
Murpliy, William, must, in March 1, 1805; died at Green Lake, Tei., 

Starch 6, 1865 ; 

ilh company 

McLimaus, Tlioma 

Dec. 0, 1865. 
McLimaus, Robert, must, in March 6, 1805; must, out with company 

. out witli company Dec. 


McFarland, Chiirles, disch. on surg. certif. April 10, 1863; died at An 

ni|i.ilis, JM., April 2i, ISO:!. 
McGiiiley, James, must, out Oct. U, 1S04, expiration of term. 
McKi'e, Isaac, captiireil at Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 19, 1803; died o 

Riiliniond, Va., Jan. 17, 1804. 
Nipple, Ali-.vander, must, in Feb. 22, 1804; must, out with company Di'. 



disch. on Burg. certif. June 24, 18G2. 
I, must, in Oct. 20, 1801 ; trans, to regimental band Nov. 

ck, must, in Feb. 25, 1804; wounded at Atlanta, Ga., Jul 

trans, to Vet. Res. Corps, date unknown. 
I., must, in Sept. 2(1, 1801. 

II,, must, in Feb. 27, 1804. 
i W., must, in Oct. 29, 1861 ; trans, to regimental bar 

, must, in Feb. 22, 1804 ; 


Patterson, John H., must, in Feb. 24,1864; must, out with company 

Dec. 0, 1.SI5. 
Price, William P., trans, to Co. B Nov. 1, 1801. 
Rosenborg, Jackson, wounded at Cliickamauga, Sept. 19, 18G3, and 

Lovejoy, Ga., Sept. 2, 1804; must, out with company Dec. 0, 1800; 

Rhodes, Isaac, must, in Feb. 25, 1804 ; must, oui 

Reese, David, must, in Marcli 8, 1805; must, on 

Kaizer, Matthias, must, in March 6, 1805; must. 

6, 1865. 
Rupe, George, wounded at Liberty Gap, June 2 

kvith company Dec. 6, 
with company Dec. 0, 


les, Joseph, must, in March 12,1862; musi 
xpiration of term. 

Koth, Je 

March 20, 1805, 
Oct. 29, 1801 ; trans, to regimental band Nov. 1, 
n Oct. 20, ISOl ; died at Louisville, Ky., Nov. 7, 
n Oct. 20, ISCI ; died at Louisville, Ky., Feb. 7, 
Oct. 20, 1861. 

Wilson, James M., must, in Fab 27,1864; wounded at Fianklin, Teun., 
Nov. 30, 1864; must, out with company Dec. 6, 1805. 

Wildman, James, must, in July 15, 1804; must, out with company Dec. 
0, 1805. 

Waduman, William W., must, in Marcli 10, 1805 ; must, out with com- 
pany Dec. 0, 1805. 

Wilson, Josepli, disch. on surg. certif. June 24, 1862. 

Watkins, Natlianiel, disch. on surg. rertif. Jan.lO, 1862. 

Webster, William, must, out Oct. 11, 1864, expiration of term. 

Wagnei-, Jesse, must, out Dec. 10, 1864, expiration of term. 

White, Charles, must, in July 21, 1802 ; disch. by G. 0. June 22, 1865. 

Wirths, M.itthias, must, in Feb. 27, 1864; disch. by G. 0. July 10, 1865. 

Welker, George C, nnist. in Oct. 29, 1801 ; trans, to regimental band 
Nov 1, ISOl. 

Zeigb, Joseph, ni 

Zeager, Jacob, mi 

Zeek, Emanuel, n 

Zeigler, Josiah, ii 

20, 1804; disc 
Zimm, William I 

Nov.l, 1801. 


, 1804 ; 

Feb. 22, 1864; i 
n Feb. 27, 1804; 

1 company Dec. 6, 
company Dec. 6, 
I company Dec. 0, 
Atlanta, Ga., Aug. 

Capt. Daui 



24, 1805 ; 

•ith . 


. in March 9, 1865 ; i 

; with company Dec. 
ut with company Dec 

First Lieut. Miles Zentmcyer, mu 

company Dec. fi, 1865. 
Second Lieut. J. 0. Brookbank, pro. to q.m. Oct. 15, 1805. 
First Sergt. George Diehl, must, in Feb. 27, 1805 ; must, out with com- 
pany Dec. 6,1805. 
Sergt.D. R. P. Johnston, must.' in Feb. 24,1805; must, out with cum- 
j pany Dec. G, 1865. 

list, out witli company Sergt. James E. Davis, must, in March 2, 1S05 ; must, out with company 

I Dec. 6, 1805. 

out with company Dec. I Sergt. Louis H. Geisler, must, out witli company Dec. 6, 1805. 

Sergt. George W. Miller, must, in Feb. 24, 1805; must, out with com- 
out With company Dec. ' pany Dec. 0, 1S05. 

Corp. D. S. llergslresser, must, in Feb. 27, 1805 ; must, out Dec. 12, 1805. 
t with company Dec. 0, \ Corp. John T. Allen, must, in March 3, 1805; must, out with company 


, lSCi5 

Corp. ^ 

i Hcigle, must. 


A'ith company 


Dec. 0, 1805. 
Coi-p. Thomas C. Miller, nnist. out with company Dec. fi, 1805. 
Corp. George Morrison, must, out with company Dec. 6, 1805. 
Corp. Lewis Sylong, must, in March 2, 1805; died Sept. 13, 1865; buried 

six miles northwest of Victoria, Texas. 
Corp. Jer. Rickabaugh, discli. by G. O. Sept. 14, 1865. 

Shirk, Cliristiau G., must, out Oct. 11, 1864, expiration of term. ' 

Silks, George W., must, out Oct. 11, 1864, expirati.>n of term. 

Stevens, Jacob C, must, out Oct. 11, 1864, expiration of term. 

Silks, Samuel, must, out Oct, 11, 1864, expiration of tei ui. 

Stevenson, George, trans, to Co. D Oct. 10, 1801. 

Sneath, Willis, trans, to Co. D Nov. 1, 1801. 

Shult/., Jacb, trans, to Vet. Bes. Corps Aug. 10, 1863. 

Stallmaii, Franklin, wounded May 28,1864; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps 

Jan. In, 1805. 
Shade, Alfred, must, in Oct. 29, 1801 ; trans, to regimental band Nov. 1, 


. Jaco! 

, 1805 


I II., must. : 

29, 1861 ; trans, to regimeutal baud 
Oct. 29, 1801 ; trans, to regiment; 


Bookliamer, Tliomas, must, out witli company Dec. 6, 1865. 
Bookhamer, Jolin, must, out witli company Dec. 6, 1865. 
Berayer, Joaepli S., must, out with company Dec. 6, 1805. 
Bnrket, David, must, in March 6, 1805; absent, sick, at musI 
Blackburn, ller'n, must, in Fob. 27, 1805 ; must, out with Co 

0, 1805. 
Boyer, William, must, in March 3, 1.SC5; must, out with coi 

6, 1805. 
Boswell, William, must, in March 3, 1865 ; 

6, 1805. 
Bishiiig, Samuel, must, in Jan 18,1805; m 

Buck, Augustus, must, in April 3, 1865; m 

lilt with company Doc. 
with company Dec. 6, 
t with company Dec. 6, 


I Feb. 2S, 18115 ; diseh. 

Merlnu.l, .James, must, in Fel..24, 18G5; must, out with company Dec. 6, 

2(1, ISG,-.. 

McCue. William, must, in March 2, 18C,i; must 

.out with company Dec. 

ipaliy Dec. 0. 

0, 1803. 

MeCray, James, must, in Marcli 2, I8C.i; disch. 

l.y(;. O.July .5,1865. 

ompuny Dee. 

Nolaud, Tliomas, must, in Felj. 28, 1S65. 

' Over, Daniel, must, in Feb. 28, 1805 ; must, ou 

It Willi company Dec. 6, 

iil);iiiy Dec. i;, 


I'lihglf, Daniel, must, in Feb. 28, 18G5; must. 

, out with company Dec. 

Conrad, Ed" 

n, Martin, must, in Feb. 27, 1865; died Sept. 2, 18G3 ; bu 

iles northwest of Victoria, Tex;is. 

berlain, Jacob, must, in March 6, IStlS; ab,s,.|it, sick, at 

1 Feb. 



Diehl, Gei.rge , must, in Feb. 2.S, 1805; mui 

6, 1.S65. 
Direly, Jlorgan, must, in Feb. 28, 1805 ; must. 

Direly, Martin, must, in Feb. 28, 1805; 

Direly, Ceorge M., must, in Feb. 27, 1805 ; mu 

Eduiist Is.aa.-, must, iu March 0, 1S05 ; mm 

Fisher, Ii.u.i..! J., nimt. in Mareli 0, lSC.i; mu 

Pliillips, James, mus 
K,aezer, Daniel S., u 

Dec. 0, 1805. 
Eitchey, George S., 


1 1, 1805; disch. by G. O. July 1, 1805. 
■b. 24, 1866 ; disch. by <i. O. June 23, 1865. 
March 20, 1805; must, out with company 

in Feb. 28, 1865; disch. by G. 0. July 11, 

ust. out with company Dec. 
. out with company Dec. G, 

vitli company Dec. 
,ith company Dec. 

Stevens, Giles, must. 

Sprankle, David, mui 

0, 1805. 
Spcece, Henry, must. 

t. in Feb. 24, 
Feb. 24, 1S05 ; 

iu Feb. 28, ISO 
March 2, I8G5 

n Feb. 


1 company Dec. 6, 
■ith company Dec. 
th company Dec. 0, 


ust. in Feb. 28, 1805; died at Nashville, Ten 

:k, William, 


in Feb, 


05; died a 

7, 1805. 

eman, Mich 

, must. 

in Fe 

b. 28, isc; 

July iJ.18G, 

dau, Henry, 


in Feb. 

28, If!( 

55; must. 



ly, must, in JIarch 2, 

,1865; mu 

•ake, Texas, Auk. 
t Louisville. Ky., 
cora,.a,.y Dec. (., 

Stewart, Samuel A., 

Tipton. Levi, must. 

Trueuian, Jacob, mi 

Temple, Fianklin.n 

ust. in March 2, 1805. 
.iu Feb. 28, 1865. 
Feb. 27, 1865 ; must. 


upany Dec. 

St. in March \ 1805; died Sept. 16, 1865; buried si 

of Victoria, Texas. 

ust. i\i March 0, 1605; died Oct. 1, 1805; buried si 

of Victoria, Texas. 

lust. in Jan. 18, 1S65; absent, sick, .it must. out. 

isl. in Feb. 27, 1865; must, out with c.iuipany De 

, in Feb. 28,1805; : 

ith company Dec. 

b. 2.'!, 1805; died : 

■ia, Texas. 

[3, 1805; niust.<i 

Feb. 28, 1865; died 




Eig^hty-fourth Regiment. — The Eighty-fourth 
RetjiMieiit of rt'iiii-ylvaiiia wiis raised in the summer 
and fall of l.-^Cl, :nid or-aniz.-d under the following- 
named fu-ld-nHiirr>, vi/. : C.l. William (i. Murray 
((.f Hnllidnv>l.iii-, niair Co.), Lieut. -Col. Thomas C. 
McDowell. '.Mai. WaUrr I'.airett. The rendezvous 



near Huntingdon (which was also, and at the same 
time, the rendezvous of the One Hundred and Tenth 
Regiment), but it was removed from this to Camp 
Curtin about the 1st of December following. The 
companies composing the regiment were recruited in 
the counties of Cameron, Clearfield, Columbia, Blair, 
Dauphin, Lycoming, and Westmoreland. Of these, 
Blair County furnished two full companies (A and 
E), and a large proportion of two other companies 
(C and I), the former of these two being partly raised 
in Westmoreland, and the latter partly in Clearfield 

The regiment was mustered into the service on the 
24th of October, 1861. On Wednesday, November 27th, 
it left Camp Crossman for Harrisburg, where it arrived 
the same night, and on the following day pitched its 
tents at Camp Curtin. On the 21st of December the 
State colors were presented to the regiment by Gov- 
ernor Curtin. The flag was received by the colonel, 
and by him placed in charge of Color-Sergeant Stokes, 
who, on receiving it, said, "Governor and colonel, 
if I don't return this flag, 'twill be because Ned 
Stokes will occupy five feet eight on the ground." 

On Tuesday, December .31st, the regiment leftCamp 
Curtin for Williamsport, Md., proceeding by railroad 
to Hagerstown, Md., whence it marched to Clear 
Spring, camping there on the night of January 1st. 
Moving forward the next morning, it arrived at Han- 
cock at three o'clock p.m., and was quartered in the 
town for the night. On Friday, January 3d, it crossed 
the Potomac, and marched to Bath, Va., reaching there 
at one o'clock p.m., and on the following day had a 
sharp skirmish with the enemy at that place, the 
Eighty-fourth being supported by the Thirty-ninth 
Illinois, with a section of a battery and a small body 
of cavalry. The enemy (a part of " Stonewall" Jack- 
son's forces) drove in the Union skirmishers at eight 
o'clock A.M., but was held in check until three o'clock 
P.M., when the Eighty-fourth and other troops were 
compelled to retire before the superior Confederate 
force, and marched by way of Sir John's Run to 
Hancock, crossing the river at about dark. Gen. 
Lander arrived at Hancock the same night, and on 
the following day assumed command of the troops at 
that place. 

The enemy who had been fought at Bath followed 
the retreating Union troops to the Potomac, and 
shelled the town from the south side of the river. 
The Union troops were formed in line to resist the 
enemy should he attempt to cross; but it was found 
he had no intention of doing so, his advance being 
merely a feint to cover his real designs against 
Romney, Va. Discerning this. Gen. Lander made a 
counter-movement, marching his regiments to Cum- 
berland, Md., where the other troops of his command 
were concentrated, and where the Eighty-fourth ar- 
rived on the 12th of January. During the winter 
the regiment was posted successively at the railroad 
bridges over the North Bniiicli and South Branch of 

the Potomac and at Paw Paw Tunnel. On the 28th 
of February it was brigaded with the Fourteenth 
Indiana (Col. Kimball), Uie Sixty-seventh Ohio (Col. 
Busenbinder), and Seventh Virginia (Col. Evans). 

On the 2d of March, Gen. Lander died, and the 
command devolved on Col. Kimball. On the 5th the 
regiment moved to Martinsburg, Va., arriving there 
at midnight of the 6th. On the 11th the First, Sec- 
ond, and Third Brigades were ordered to Winchester, 
and moved towards that town, arriving at Bunker 
Hill in the afternoon of the same day, and reaching 
a point within two miles of Winchester on the night 
of the 12th. There the information was received that 
the town had been evacuated by the Confederates, 
and thereupon the regiment went into camp, which 
was named " Camp Kimball." Here Col. Kimball, 
who had succeeded to the command on the death of 

! Gen. Lander, was himself succeeded by Gen. James 
Shields. On the 18th of March the regiment moved 
southward about seventeen miles, passed through 
Middletown, and bivouacked one mile south of the 

On the 19th the Eighty-fourth marched southward, 

, its/idvance-guard skirmishing with Ashby's cavalry, 
and losing slightly in wounded. That night it 
bivouacked one mile south of Strasburg. On the 
20th it left this camp and marched back to Camp 

j Kimball, two miles north of Winchester, which it 
reached before eight o'clock p.m., having marched 

I twenty-three miles without a halt for rest. On the 
evening of the 22d of March it moved through Win- 

1 Chester southward to meet the forces of " Stonewall" 

j Jackson, who was reported to be approaching the 

1 place. The regiment marched about four miles, and 
bivouacked two miles south of Winchester. On 
Sunday morning, March 23d, the Confederate' army 
under Jackson, eleven thousand strong and having 
twenty-eight pieces of artillery, moved forward to a 
point near the village of Kernstown, something more 
than four miles south of Winchester, where at about 
eleven o'clock a.m. they attacked Gen. Shields' ad- 
vance brigade, which retired in good order towards 
the main body. The Eighty-fourth stood in line 
supporting a battery. The enemy moved up rapidly 
with infantry and artillery, advancing through a 
piece of woods on the right. The Eighty-fourth 
being ordered to charge moved quickly forward from 
the high land on the Kernstown road across open 
ground and entirely without cover to the place where 
the enemy held a strong position behind a stone wall 
and partially covered by woods. From this position 
a most destructive fire was poured in at close range 
upon the advancing column, but the Eighty-fourth 
moved forward unflinchingly through the leaden 
storm. Col. Murray's horse was wounded under him, 
and he dismounted and marched on foot at the head 
(if his mm, Init a lew minutes later he fell with a 
riili-liall ill his brain. ,\rtcr the loss of Col. Murray 
the n-LiiiiH'Mt |Kirti:illv L'avt- uuv iiiid frll into some 



disorder, but rallied under command of Capt. George 
Zinn and held its ground. The enemy was forced 
from his position, and finally retreated in disorder. 

Gen. Shields, in his otHcial report of this battle, 
said that the Confederate forces, though strongly 
posted behind a high and solid stone wall situated on 
an elevated ground, "were forced back through the 
woods by a fire as destructive as ever fell upon a re- 
treating foe. Jackson, with his supposed invincible 
' Stonewall Brigade' and the accompanying brigades, 
much to their mortification and discomfiture, were 
compelled to fall back in disorder upon their reserve. 
There they took up a position for a final stand, and 
made an attempt for a few minutes to retrieve the 
fortunes of the day, but again there rained down 
upon them the same close and destructive fire. A 
few minutes only did they stand up against it, when 
they turned dismayed and fled in disorder, leaving us 
in jiossession of the field, their killed and wounded, 
three hundred prisoners, two guns, four caissons, and 
a thousand staml of small-arms. Night alone saved 

Tlie Ei-hty-f .urth, which went into tlie battle with 
only about two hundred and sixty fighting men, U)st 
ninety in killed and wounded. "Among the killed" 
Wen- Lirut. Charles Reim, of A company; Capt. 
Gallaher, of E company ; and (as already mentioned) 
the commanding officer of the regiment, Col. Mur- 
ray, of whose life, services, and deatli the following 
sketch is fnun.l in '■Martial l).;;h ofl'mnsylvania,'' 

William Ghay :\rL-i:i:AY, culonel of tti.' Ei-hly- 
fourth Regiment, was born on the 2".th day ,.f .lulv, 
1825, in the town of Langf .rd, Ireland, lie wa< tlie 
eldest son of John and Sarah iGr.iy; Murray. When 
but nine months old his parents with their children 
emigrated to New Y'ork, where the father engaged in 
busines.;. He soon after removed to the interior of 
the State, and subsequently to Lancaster, and then to 
Harri>liurg, Pa., engaging in active business, and died 
in 1S44. 

The SUM, William Gray.lieiuL' intended f,r mercan- 
tile life, recrived agou,! edur;iti.m in branches 
bestcaleulate<l to brii^elhl to him. (In K-aviiiL: ,-eliool 
he entered his father's >tore, but, that he might have 
the best advantages whieli .-oul.! be allord.Ml, he was 
placed in a large mercantile liou-e in the city <<( New 
York, where he remained until the spring of is tri. 
On coming to his majority in the Inllowing year he 
had perfected arrangements for enti-ring bii-inis- .m 
his own account, wlien the Mexican war <.,it 
and he volunteered as a private in the Cameinn 
Guard-, II. ■ was niadr a srrL'caut, and while -rrving 
in that eaparity :it V,-ra ( 'rnz was :i|. pointed a s,M-on,l 
lirnt.'Maiit in (he Kiev. ■nth Tnile.! Stat.- InCautrv bv 
I'r.-i.l.ait I'.ilk and .served with .li-t in.-tiou thr.'.nuh 
th:(t war, ami ui^n returning to pri vat.- liti- -.lih.i in 
H.,lli.laysburg. He was ener,-etii' in bu,in.-s. a- h.. 
ha.l been in the arniv, an. I b.,r,' a part in 

the political struggles of the time. In 1851 he was 
married to Miss Elizabeth Dougherty, by whom he 
had three children, two of whom survive him. In 
1852 he was appointed postmaster of Hollidaysburg 
by President Pierce, and reappointed by President 

At the outbreak of the Rebelliou he took strong 
grounds with the Union side and avowed his inten- 
tion of entering the army. A captain's commission 
in the regular service was tendered him, but his wife 
being in the last stages of consumption he declined 
it. Having had much experience in recruiting and 
organizing troops his counsel was sought, and his 
.services were invaluable in enlisting and pushing 
forward recruits for the volunteer force. His wife 
died in August, 18G1. A short time afterwards he 
received authority from Governor Curtin to recruit a 
regiment of infantry, and, obedient to the promptings 
of duty, he at once .set about the work. 

On the 19th of December, ISGl, his regiment, the 
Eightj'-fourth, marched from camp and was drawn 
up before the capitol to receive its flag. Governor 
Curtin, in presenting it, referred to Col. Murray as a 
tried soldier, and to the men as actuated by the purest 
anil loftiest patriotism, leaving wives, mothers, and 
children, and the endearments of home to maintain 
the laws and the Constitution with the sword. In Col. Murray said, "' I accept this beautiful 
standard, presented by the Legislature of the- Key- 
stone State through you, its honored chief magistrate, 
in such glowing and eloquent terms. As the period 
lor speech-making has passed and the hour for ener- 
getic action has arrived, my remarks on this occasion 
shall be brief, as becomes a soldier. In accepting 
tills flag on behalf of the regiment, I do it with the 
full consciousness of the relations whicli both oflicers 
and men bear to our noble State and the nation wdiose 
cause we have espoused. Permit me to thank you, 
sir, for the terms of comin.'H.latioii in which you 
have been ])leased to speak of tlu' Eiglity-f.mrth and 
of my humble self, and to assure you that, whatever 
our fate may be in the future, we will endeavor, by 
go.)il con.luct and a strict discharge of our duties, to 
make su.h a record as will bring no dishonor upon 
the 'Star-- an.l Stripes' which we go to maintain aud 
.letiml, or th.' pr.iu.l Commonwealth whose sons we 
.leeiii it an t.i call ourselves. 

a.'tiv.' eam]>aigningof the regiment eomnienced 
' 1st of .laiiiiary. lS(i2, when it was led by Col. 
IV t., r,atli,Va.,to the relief of the Thirty-ninth 
s au.l a siition of artillery, commanded by 
.Muhlenberg, er.issinir the Potomac at Hancock, 



Md. The opposing force greatly outnumbered them, 
being estimated at from sixteen to twenty tluuisaml 
men. After twenty-four hours of irreguhir skirmish- 
ing, tlie Union force succeeded in withdrawing across 
the river and bringing olT the guns. 

In the battle of Winchester, Va., the Eighty-fourth, 
which from the hard service to which it had been sub- 
jected had been reduced to barely three hundred men, 
was selected to lead in the assault upon the enemy's 
batteries, which were securely posted and were par- 
ticularly destructive. The ground was open which 
they had to cross, and repeated charges were made, 
which Col. Murray led with great gallantry, officers 
and men falling on every side, strewing the ground 
with the dead and the dying. In the midst of the 
struggle his horse was shot under him. Extricating 
himself, he renewed the charge on foot. A little later 
his cap-cover was shot from his head. The carnage 
was now terrible, the enemy screening themselves be- 
hind astone wall and a curtain of wood. But, nothing 
daunted. Col. Murray led on Ids regiment, and just as 
it was entering the grove which crowned the summit, 
while rushing on, with sword in hand, and exclaim- 
ing, " Charge, boys ! charge !" he was struck by a rifle- 
ball, which, crasliing through the bugle of his cap, 
carrying away the figures "84" with it, passed through 
his brain, tearing away the top of his skull. But 
though ftillen, his heroism was not without its reward, 
for the stronghold in carrying which he had sacrificed 
his life was taken and the victory gained. His body 
was received in Harrisburgwith imposing ceremonies, 
the Governor, heads of departments, the two bouses 
of the Legislature, and military and civic societies 
moving in the sad procession. The body lay in state 
at the residence of his mother, and was viewed by 
great numbers. From the capital it was taken to 
Hollidaysburg, where even more universal sorrow was 
manifested and tokens of respect were shown. At the 
residence of his father-in-law, John Dougherty, Esq., 
thousands of sorrowing friends and relatives gathered, 
eager to take a last look at the fallen soldier. At St. 
Mary's Church high mass was celebrated, and a most 
touching and eloquent discourse was delivered over 
the remains by the Rev. John Walsh. He was finally 
laid to rest beside his wife, whom he had but a few 
months before followed to the grave. 

Col. Murray was a man of large, active benevolence, 
warm and ardent in his impulses, though singularly 
calm and equable, and energetic and untiring in the 
patli of duty. In person he was six feet in height, 
with a largo and muscular frame. He was of light 
complexion, brcjwn hair, eyes of a bright gray and 
expressive, features prominent, movements quick, and 
to courage of the highest order was united a strong 
sense of religious responsibility. i 

On the 25th of March the Eighty-fourth left its 
camp south of Winchester and moved ten miles to the 
little village of Berryville, Va., and remained there 
as provost-guard of the town until the 2d of May, 

when it moved up the valley, passing through Front 
Royal, and crossing the Blue Ridge marched eastward 
to tlie Rappahannock, and down the valley of that 
stream to Fredericksburg, where it became a part of 
the Fourth Brigade of Shields' division of McDowell's 
(First) corps. Soon afterwards, however, it was or- 
dered back to the Shenandoah Valley to the support 
of Gens. Banks and Fremont. It arrived at Front 
Royal May 30th. From that place it moved to Port 
Republic, reaching there June 8th, and on the 9th 
took part in a severe engagement wdth the enemy, the 
Fourth Brigade being in the advance. The Confed- 
erates in strong force made a desperate and partially 
successful effort to turn the Union left and come in 
on its rear, when the Third Brigade came up to the 
aid of the Fourth, checked the enemy's advance, and 
he was driven a short distance, but being again 
heavily reinforced at that point, the Eighty-fourth 
and other regiments composing the Union force were 
compelled to retreat, but did so steadily and in good 
order, though with quite heavy loss. The enemy 
closely followed up his advantage, and pursued the 
Third and Fourth Brigades until they reached the 
place where the First and Second Brigades stood 
tirmly in line. There the retreat was stayed and the 
battle ended, the Confederates giving up the pursuit 
and retiring from the field, and the Union forces soon 
after falling back to Port Republic. 

From Port Republic the Eighty-fourth again moved 
eastward to the vicinity of Alexandria, Va., and went 
into camp at Cloud's Mills, where Col. Samuel M. 
Bowman became its commanding officer, and where 
the regiment, with the Third and Fourth Brigades, 
remained until the early part of July, when it again 
took the field with the army of Gen. John Pope, it 
being then a part of Ricketts' division of McDowell's 
corps. Moving to the vicinity of Warrenton, Va., it 
remained there till the last part of the month, then 
moved towards Culpeper Court-House, near which 
place the battle of Cedar Mountain was InUL'ht on ilie 
9tli of August. 

On the 14th of August, Gen. Pope advanced to the 
Rapidan, and remained on that line a lew days, then 
commenced falling back towards Washington, the 
enemy pursuing and constantly threatening his right 
and rear. On the 28th, at Thoroughfare Gap, Rick- 
etts' division (which included the Eighty-fourth) 
fought the entire Confederate corps of Gen. Long- 
street, who was attempting to force the pass and join 
"Stonewall" Jackson's forces at Manassas Junction. 
The division fought until night, then fell back to Bull 
Run, where the Eighty-fourth, with its brigaile, fought 
all day in the disastrous conflict of the oOih, known 
as the Second Bull Run battle. Th.- jioMtiou of the 
brigade was first on the right and altirwards on the 
left of the line. It was very heavily engaged during 
the afternoon, and remained on the field until after 
dark, at ndiich time it occupied an extremely exposed 
iiositioii far in advance of the other troops, and was 



in imniiiionf ilaiifier of being i-ut ofT by a Confederate 
division, liut finally succeeded, though with great 
difficulty, in withdrawing from the field and cros:iing 
Bull Run in safety. The Eighty-fourth moved that 
night to Centreville, and from there on the following 
day to the defenses of Washins'ton. 

During the succeeding (-iniiiai^'ii of' Soiitli Moun- 
tain and Antietam the rcL'inunt and its brigade 'then 
forming a part of Gen. Whipple's division) remained 
at Arlington, where the strength of the Eighty-fourth 
(which after the battle of August 30th had been re- 
duced to less than eighty men) was largely increased 
liy accessions of recruits and the return of conva- 
lescents. In October it joined the Army of the Po- 
tomac, being made a part of Gen. Franklin's grand 
division, with which it took gallant part in the great 
!)attle of Fredericksburg, losing heavily in killed and 
wounded, and receiving complimentary mention for 
its bravery and steadiness from Gen. Carroll in his 
official report of the operations of the 12th and 13th 
of December. 

After the battle of Fredericksburg the Eighty- 
fourth with its brigade recrossed the Rappahannock 
and returned to camp at Stoneman's Switch, where 
(excepting a few days spent on Gen. Buruside's 
famous but fruitless "Mud March" in January) it 
remained during the winter of 18(52-03. On the 
opening of the spring campaign the regiment moved 
with the army across the Rappahannock and marched 
to Chancellorsville, where it was hotly engaged in the 
great battle at tiiat place on the 2<1 and 3d of May, 
and remained under a licavv fire during the conflict 
(,f the 4th. 

'I'lie division of whi.'li the Eighty-fourth was a 
jiart liaving been greatly reduced in numbers by the 
casualties of the campaign of Chancellorsville, and 
its commander (Gen. Whipple) having been killed 
in the battle, was disintegrated and its regiments 
us^iuiie.l lo other commands, the Eighty-fourth being 
plaeeil ill I 'air's lirigadc. in the Second Corps. The 


■issed the Poto- 
mainderof the 
Heights, ,Iulv 

d 241 

Kelly's Ford, Xovemlu-r 7th; at Lc-ust Crove 
Church, November 28th; at Mine Run, November 
30th, and in several minor engagements, luit -nUer- 
ingonlya li-ht in killed and wounded. Alter 
the f\i,-r of iIh' Mine Knn campaign the regiment 
went into wiiilerM|iiarteis „,.ar lirandy Station, Va., 
where a large number of its men re-enlisted for the 
war and received the usiuil " veteran furlough." 

On the opening of the spring campaign of ISiU 
the Eighty-fourth moved with the army across the 

4th of May and entering the "S'irginia Wilderness, 
where it was actively engaged in the battles of the 
5th and 6th, suffering in the latter a heavy loss, 
among which was that of Lieut.-Col. Opp mortally 
wounded. Again on the 10th it was engaged- at Pa- 
munkey River, and on the 12th joined in the most 
desperate charge which was made in the Wilderness 
campaign, the assault on the strong works of the 
enemy at Spottsylvania Court-House. In the battle 
and victory of that day the Eighty-fourth took a 
prominent part, and gave active assistance in the 
capture of a large number of Confederate prisoners. 
From the 14th to the 23d it was constantly on the 
march or in line of battle under fire. On the 23d it 
fought at North Anna River, charging and carrying 
the enemy's works. On the 30th it was all day under 
fire in the battle at Tolopotomy, On the 31st it 
fought at Pleasant Hill, and again at the same place 
on the 1st of June, when Lieut. Nixon, of I company, 
was among the wounded. 

From Cold Harbor the army crossed the Chicka- 
hominy and marched towards the southeast, having 
Petersburg for its objective-point. The Eighty-fourth 
with its brigade crossed the James River on the 14th 
of June, and on the ItJth took part in a general as- 
sault on the bristling lines of the enemy in front of 
Petersburg. The Second Corps renewed the attack 
on the 17th, and forced the enemy to yield some of 
his outer works. On the 27th of July the regiment 
fought at Deep Bottom, and again at the same [ilace, 
and near Charles City Cross-Roads, on the 14th of 
August. On the 1st of October it took part in an 
assault on the Confederate lines, in which aetion it 
was repulsed with severe loss, Lieut, t'ol. /inn being 
among the seriouslj' wounded. During the month of 
December, 18G4, the men originally enlisted in the 
Eighty-fourth were mustered out of service, exce|)t- 
ing those who had re-enlisted as veterans, who with 
the recruits of the regiment were organized into a 
battalion of four com|)anies. This battalion fought 
at Weldon Railroad October 27th, and again at the 
same place on the 9th of December. On the 13th of 
January, 1865, the battalion was consolidated with 
the Fifty-seventh Pennsylvania Regiment under Col. 
Zinn, previously lieutenant-colonel of the Eighty- 
fourth, The Fifty-seventh was mustered out of ser- 
vice on the 29th of June, 1865, having served honor- 
ably through the campaign wdiich was ended by the 
surrender of the Confederate army by Gen. Lee at 
Appomattox Court-House. 

Following is a list of ofheers and men of the four 
comiJanies which were entirely or partially raised in 
Blair County, viz.: 


(Company A mnstered out Dec. 12, 1SG4.) 
l">rt L, norrell, res, July 24, 1862. 
iiathiin Dltiio, pro. from Isl licut. July 24, 1SC2 ; res. Oct. 15, 


Sergt. Jamea G. Shannon, disci 
Sergt. Joseph Delehunt, pro. t 

15, 1862. 
Sergt. Joseph W. Dougherty, pro. to 2d lieut. Oct, 15, 1862; to 1st lieut. 

Feb. 2.5, 1SC3; vet. Jan. 1, 1804. 
Sergt. SinieoTi B. Burr, trans, to Invalid Corps Ang. 15, 1863. 
Corp. JiiniPS Barr, trans, to Invalid Corps Oct. 1, 18G3. 

Lanibright, prisoner at Chiincellursville May 3, 1803. 

Albert. Fr.mcis, prisoner Oct. 13, ISC,.;. 

Bunker, Henry L., niM<t. in Dec. "■, 18lil ; wounded at Tolopotoniy May 

31, ISM; .int with comjiany Dec. 12, 1SG4. 
Bowers, ('..nicliiiB H , «o„ii.Mrl at Winchester, Va., March 23, 1862. 
Benton, Hivi! II , ti in^ l,i Invalid Corps Aug. 15,1803. 
BuUers. \\ii;i mi II , 'li rh JIarch 29, 1803. 
Burk, Sai„u..l,,lh,l F,.|, Ji. 1S63. 
Beamendorler, Cyrus W , vet. Jan. 1, 1864. 
Carl, Anthony, killed at Port Republic. 
Cruse (add), disch. Feb. U, 1863. 
Case, Renl..-n. dis. h. Nov. :VJ. 1SG2. 
Cruse, I.. iM, i;. i ', : i , i-i.: |,r)-t ..ut with company. 

DannaN. \^ n - , m , i , i . .iiiiiany. 

Davis, \Vi;h ,1,1 \,« ;- 1 ,ii W 11. I,, •ater,Va., March 23, 1862; disch. 

Evans. Frank, must, out with company. 
Fether, .lo.siah, discb. Jan, 24, 1802, 
Frank, A,laTn. disch. July 11, 1862. 
Try, Michael, disch. Oct. 6, 1862. 
Ferry, Joseph, must, out with company. 
Gern, Charb'S, dis,-h. Sept. 24, 1S62. 
Garrison, Tli nn= ii, Ht .iit with company. 


T, Va,, March 23, 1862 ; • 

Grimes, Jacob, disch, Nov. 3, 1862. 

Halpin, James, disch, Aug. 15, 1862. 

Harbaugh, .lason, must, out with company. 

Hemler, Joseph, must, out with company. 

Hileman, William K., sergt. May 3, 1803 ; must, out with compan, 

Hertzler, Abraham, wounded at Winchester, Va., March 23, 1862 ; 

to Invalid Corps. 
James, Jesse T., died Sept. 23, 1863, 
Kripple, John A , disch. Feb. 13, 1863. 
Lane, David M,, must, out with company. 

Lowe, William H., prisoner at Port Republic; disch. Oct. 2, 1863. 
Lewis, John I. 
Murray, Jacob, disch. 
Manghenner, Sol. D., 
Mock, Josi.Ui D., disch 
Mussaveus, George, trans, to 
McGlue, William, wounded 

4, 1802. 

out with company. 
0, 1862. 
Invalid Corps Aug. 15, 1803. 

Fredericksburg Dec. 13, 1862 

Wear, Emanuel, disch. Dec. 10, 1862. 
Widensall, Jacob, aergt. Aug. 15, 1803 ; 
Wighaman, John, appointed principal ii 

Jan. 12, 1865. 
Wilson, Henry K.. pri 

Aug. 15, 1863; niu 
Wilie, William. 

Wise, Jacob, wounded at second Bull Run ; disch. Dec. 27, 
White, Silas, wounded at Winchester, Va., March 23, 1802. 
White, Edward, disch. Feb. 13, 1803, 
Young, Charles, trans, to Co. F. 
Zimmerman, John, disch. Oct. 14, 1862. 
Zimmerman, Wdliam, must, out with company. 
Company C, 
(Date of muster in Sept. 10, 1802, 
Capt. Abram J. Crissman, must, in Sept. 5 
Capt. B. M. Morron, must, in Sept. 5, 1801 

ept where noted.) 
51 ; res. July 15, 1802, 
ro, from Ist lieut. July ] 

Capt. William Logan, disch. Aug. 28, 1803. 

Capt. James J. Wirsing, must, in Sept. 10, 1861 ; pio, from 2d to 1st lieut. 

Jan. 12, 1803; wounded at Chancellorsville, Va,, May 3, 1863; pro. 

to capt. Nov. 16, 1863 ; disch. Jan. 3, 1865. 
First Lieut. Archibald Douglass, must, in Sept. 16, 1801 ; rea. Jan, 11, 

First Lieut, Charles Mummey, must, in Dec. 4, 1861 ; captured at Chancel- 
lorsville, Va., May 3, 1863; pro. from Ist sergt. Dec. 11, 1803 ; disch. 

March 24, 1864, 
Sei-on.l Lleot. Cliarlcs O'Neil, must, in Dec. 18, 1861 ; res. April 30, 1862. 
8,-c„ii,l Lit^iit. William M. Gwinn, must, in Dec. 5, 1861 ; pro. from sergt.- 

uiaj. April 23, 1862; res. Sept. 19, 1862. 
Second Lieut. William Hays, pro, from 1st sergt, Jan. 13, 1803 ; wounded 

and captured at Chancelloraville, Va., May 3, 1S63 ; disch. Aug. 27, 

Second Lieut. Joseph McMaster, pro. to 2d lieut. July 21, 1804; disch. 


, K,jbert R. Roberts. 

Sergt. Matthew Campbell. 
Si-rgt. Charles JlcCluoe. Sergt. Harrison Hines. 

Corp, Eli Juhnston, trans, to Co. H, 57th Regt. P. V., Jan. 13, 1865 
Corp. John Felgar. 

Corp. John Stum, wounded at Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, 1863, 
Corp. Jeremiah Wirsing. 
Corp. Joseph Hood. 

Corp. Moses Clark, captured at Chancelloraville, Va., May 3, 1803 ; 
to Co. H, 57th Regt. P. V., Jan. 13, 1805. 

Musician Austin Ringlei 
Musician John Cramer, 
Aukney, Norman, trans, 

McD,.i,,-,L' J , , I I .,,. 

Mclnti,,, i::,, ' ■'■.\' 1 ■ I. J"., 1SIJ3. 

McGrain, .b.lin, litll,-d ut Locust Grove, Va. 

McCarly, Morrison, 1st lieut, Oct, 15, 1802; res. Feb. 25, 1863. 

More, Joseph H., 1st aergt. Oct. 15, 1802 : vet. 

Mason, Robert L., killed at Winche.ster, Va. 

Peterson, William A., wounded .at Chancellorsville; trans, t, 


, John A. 



Piper, Thomas F,, disch. Aug. 26, 1862. 
Piper, Silas W,, 1st aergt. Nov. 1, 1862 ; 2d liei 

Willi comp.any. 
Pickel, Lewis, must, out with company. 
Pickel, Robert, must, out with company. 
Pickel, Henry, must, out with company. 
Koseleab, William, must, out with company. 
Smith, John B., wounded at Cedar Mountain 
Spade, George, disch. Dec. 30, 1802. 
Scott, I)avi,l, disch. Nov. lU, 1862. 
Thompson, Thomas, disch. Oct. 20, 1862, 
Trainer, John, Jan, 1, 1864; vet. 
Teeters, John, wounded at Bull Bun Aug. I 

Akers, William C, must, in Dec, ,"., 1S61; died; buried in Wild 

Brougher, Aaron. 

Binkey, Jacob, wounded at Chancellorsville, Va , May 3, 1863. 
B,ildwin, Josiah, trans, to Co. H, 57tli Regt. P. V., Jan. 13, 1805. 
Barron, Jacob D., wounded at Chancelloraville, Va., May 3, I8C3 ; 

to Co. H, 57th Regt. P. V., .Ian. 13, 1865. 
Bechtel, John. 

Bollard. Owen, died at Hancock, Md., Jan. 6, 1802. 
]!,. liner, Henry W., must, iu Oct. 24, 1.861 ; trans, to Co. A ; vet. 
l!lunu,„ler, William. Bair, John. 

lJ,,os,', Isaac. Bowels, C, D. 

Beissert, Herman, captured at Cliancellorsvill,-, Va., May 3, 1803. 
Berkstresser, John. 
Berry, John. 

1802 ; disch. Ma 


Murlln'iiy, Jmiiii-s, must, in Sept, 111, 1SC2. 

Muody, Mal-shall, must, in Sept. 16, 18G2; killed at C'liau 

SI.vj- \ I SOS. 
Mickey, Julm S., must, iu Sept. 16, 1862. 
M.illiews, Julin, must, in Sept. 15. I'^O-J; died Dec. 23, 

Jlilitiiry Asylum Cemetery, I). C. 
Miirpliy, Jclin. 
Mi.son. r.obert. 

Camerer, Join 

Jan. 13, l: 

Carr.ill, Thoni 

i received at Wi 

t Ilavidsbi.rE, Pa. 
Sept. 16, 1S62; trans, tu Co. II. j"tli Reg 

Fry. Mil h.ael. Sr.. must, in Sept. 16, 1.S62. 
Frj-, Jlichael, Jr., must, in Sept. IC, 1802. 
Freeman. (Jenrge S., innst. in Sept. 16, 1S6 

Va., May :i. 1S63. 
Flegal, SnmnierfieW. 
Geisy, Jolin, must, in Sept. 10, lsr,2; trni. 

Jan. i:i, 1S65. 

Co. II. 67th Kegt. P. V.. 

P. v.. Jau. 13, 1S05 ; 

P. v., Jan. 13, lS6o. 
McGraw, Jolin. 
MeCy, Patrick. 
McCartney, Morr'u. 

ncliester. V;i., March 23, 1SG2. 
Dec, 1S61 ; trans, to Co. A. 
n Aug.22,lSG2; trans, to Co. H, 67tli Regt. 

os.toCo.H,.'j7thRegt.P. v., 

, must, in Sej)!. 16, 

July : 

et. Res. Corps; disch. 
n, o7th Regt. P. V„ 

llarnian, Eli, must, iu Sept. 16, 1S02; tr 

Jan. 13, 180S. 
Hays, George, must, in Sept. 16, 1862; killed at Chancellorsville, Va., 

May 3, 1803. 
Hays, Clement H., must, in Sejit. 16, 1S02. 
HolTer, Jeremiah, must, in S^-pt. 10, 1SG2. 

Ilofler, George, must, in Sept. 10, 1802; trans, to Co. II, .57th Regt. P. 

v., Jan. 13, 1865. 
Hoffer, Samuel, must, in Sept, 10, 1S62 ; trans, to Co. H, .'.7lh Regt. P, 

v., Jan. 13, 1505. 
Ilileman, William C, must, in ISCl ; died of wounds received at Win- 

I-, Va 

, 1862. 

I'm kri, II, ■!,;/, ^t in Oct. 24, 1801; trans, to Co. A ; vet. 

Queer, William, must, in Sept. 16, 1802; trans, to Co. H. 57th Regt. P. 

v., Jan. 13, 1805. 
Reese, George B., must, in Sept. 10. 1802. 
Roadman, Perry H., must, iu Sept. 10. 1862. 
Richards. Thomas, must, in Sept. 10, 1862 ; trans, to Co, H, 57th Regt. P. 

idkey, Wi 

Rick, Felix. 

li iiry II., must, in Sept. 16, 1862; captured at Chancellorsvilli 
."Hay 3, 1863 ; trans, to Co. H, ,57th Regt. P. V., Jan. 13, 1863. 
:,Miry. must, in Sept. 10. 1802; died July 20. 1863 ; buried in Mil 

to Co. II. 57th R.-st. P, 
Vet. Res, Corps; disch. 

e-t P, v.. Jan. 13, 1865. 

ust. in Dec. 5, 

unded at Chn 

Wimer, William R. 

Wingale. J. Ritiisell, must, in Dec. 24, 1801 ; trans, to Co, D. 

Ytiung, Martin, disch, for \vounds received in action. 

Co, II. 67tli Regt, P, V„ 
[ Dec, 9, lsi;2; buried in 


1 Sept, 5, 1801 ; pro, from 1st lient. March 


( It \i 

I p o f om serfct to 1st 
m to 1 t 1 e t Aug 2, 
captur d May 3 1863; 

Ford, Patrick, must, in 1801. 

Fry, John C, must, iu Duo. 5, ISOl ; trans, to Co. H, 67th Regt. P. V., 

Jan. 13, 1S65. 
Flancgan, George A., must, in April 8, 1804; captured; died at Salis. 

; Dec 6 1864. Gall: 


March 18 186 
d captured at CI an- 
1 18f4 exp rat o of 

11 s 11 V M y J 1604 n st oi 

1st Se gt Darsey B H ck n st n 1801 p o from ser^t Marcl 23, 

'!e ot II J W Moyer n ust n 1 01 

Gates, Jeremiah, must, in ixn ; killed at Winchester, Va., March 23, 

Gates, F. N., must, in 1801. 
Gates, William H., must, in 1801. 

Glass, John, must, in March 30, 1864; died at Carlisle, Pa., April 7, 1804. 
Hancufl, Thomas W., must, in 1861 ; killed at Winchester, Va,, March 

23, 1862. 
Harkins, Patrick P„ must, in 1801. 
Hurley, William, must, in April 5, 1804; trans, to Co. I, 57[h Regt. P.V., 

Se t,t II 
Se t II 

o f c 


1 27,1864; 


Kegt. P. v.. 


James, killed at Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, 1863. 

II, must, in 1861 ; killed at Winchester, Va., March 23, 1862, 

rgo W., must, in 1861. 

les W., must, in 1861. 

H 1861 

trans to Co 


1 at CI 



V Ja 

H I860 V 

tr s t 

Co ADe 1861 

to Co I F 

1 17 1802 


cello s lie 



tl 1 

ut Md D 



King, James, must, iu Dec. 24, 1861; tri 
King, Daniel, must, in April 12, 1864; t 

, D Dec. 1861. 

o. I, 57th Regt. P. V., 

Kelly, Henry V., must, in May 30, 1804. 

Kelly, William D., must, in May 30, 1804. 

Lynch, Rohert, must, in Dec. 24, 1801 ; trans, to Co. D Dec. 1801. 

Lissick, Samuel, must, in Nov. 2, 1802 ; captured at Chancellorsville, Va., 

.May 3, 1863; trans, to Co. I, 67th Regt. V. V., June 13, ISOO. 
Lias, James M., must, in Sept. 15, 1802 ; captured at Chancellorsville, Va., 

May 3, 1803; trans, to Co. I, 57th Regt. P. V., June 13, 1805. 
Lucas, Daniel, killed at Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, 1803. 
Mock, William H., must, in 1861. 
Miller, Henry, must, in 1801. 

Moiiison, John, must, in Dec. 24,1861 ; trans, to Co. D Dec. 1861. 
Murray, Ferdinand, must, in Dec. 24, ISO) ; tl-ans. to Co. D Dec. 1861. 
Miller, Jiinica, -.voUDded at Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, 1863 ; trans, to 

Cu. 1, .'>7lh Regt. P. v., Jan. 13, 1805. 
Miller, Jacoh W., must, in April 12, 1S64 ; trans, to Co. I, 57th Regt. P. 

, 1865. 

Cass ij LI st 

1 1 

st in 18 

Cra g Jol n n 




Con a 1 R be 




Colh rt Ja a 




rris, James, 





[ids, \ 



Ehvell, Wil 
May 3, 180 



Dei iiiott, CI 



St. iulh 

Closkey, II( 

ill ISO 

JIaiius, Jan 

e», m 



Intyre, He, 

■y, m 


in 1861. 

Derjnott, C. 


in 1801 


I ; buried iu Wilde 

.G, 67th Regt. P. v., Jan. 


18 4 

pol 8 M 1 Ma < 

Downig, James, must, in 1801. 

Devore, Daniel, must, in 1801. 

Dunn, John, Sr., must, in 1801. 

Downs, Thomas, killed at Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, 1803. 

Eberhart, Jacob M., must, in 1801. 

Estep, Henry B., captured at Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, 1803; trans- 

to Co. I, 67th Regt. P. V., Jan. 13, 1805. 
Enders, Joseph, must, iu Dec. 6, 1801; captured at Chancellorsville, Va., 

May 3, 1803 ; trans, to Co. A; vet. 
Enders, Michael, must, in Sept. 15,1862; captured at Chancellorsville 

Va., May 3, 1803 ; trans, to Co. G, 57th Regt. P. V., Jan. 13, 1805. 
Estep, David, must, in Sept. 23, 1862 ; captured ; died at Salisbury, N, C, 

Estep, Elijah, ni 

FrIel, Hugh, in 

Funk, Alexandi 
Flemmey, Stejil 

Sept. 15, 1862; t 
1801 ; captured 

. to Co. I, 57th Regt. P. V., 

haucellorsville, Va., May ! 

o. I Feb. 17, 1802. 

surg. certif. June 3, 1862. 

Jan. 13, 1805. 
Nixon, Albaii H., 
Nunemaker, Jaun 

3, 1863. 
Nash, Adam, must, in Sept. 15,1862; trans, to Co. I, 57tb Regt. P. V., 

Nash, Samuel, killed at Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, 1863. 

Newhouse, William, must, iu March 30, 1864; trans to Co. 1, 57th Kegt. 

P. v., Jan. 13, 1865. 
Ortli, John, must, in Dec. 20, 1861. 
Obenour, Theobald, died at Alexandria, July 2d, of wounds reed, at 

Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, 1803; grave 874. 
Painter, William, must, in 1801. 
Peight, Joseph, must, in 1801. 
Pierce, William S., must, in 1861 ; trans, to Co. G, 57th Regt. P. V., Jan. 



Parka, George W., must, in Marc 

P. v., Jan. 13, \StJb. 
Kumbargfr, Bfnj;iuiin, must, in li 
Bockwell,, must, in Di-c. 5, 
Richards, Cliarlos W., must, in Di 

P. v., Jan. 1.1, 1865. 
Eel/.er, Josepli, must, in 1801. 
Eodkey, James. 

Rhule, James, killed at Cliancell.n 
Stewart, William C, must, in ISCI 


, 1864. 

Sanders, Jolin A., J 

Sharp, WiJIiam, uiu 

Dec. 24, 1801; 

Salisbury, N. C, 
Co. D December, 

, Jofieph, must in I.'^Cl. 

, Henry H., must, in Dec. 5, 1861 ; wounded and captured at Cli: 

■llorsville, Va., May 3, 1863 ; trans, to Co. A. 

rt, David A , must, in Sept. 30, 1863 ; trans, to Co. I, 57th Regt. 

, 1864; 1 

. City 3 

t, Va., Jan. 17, 

Smith, Theodore, must, in M.ay 3", 1S64. 

Tasker, Eli, must, in 1801. 

Tetwiler, Andrew, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; captured at Chanrellorsville, 

Va., May 3, 1863 ; trans, to Co. A. 
Temple, James, must, in 1801. 
Taylor, William, must, in 1861 ; captured at Port Uepuldir, Va., Juno 9, 

1602; killed at Chancellorsville May 3, 1863. 
Tetwiler, Joseph, must, in Sept. 15, 1862; traus. to Co. I, 57th Eegt. P. 

v., Jan. 13, 1865. 
Tetwiler, Anthony, wounded at Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, 1863. 
Vincent, George W., wounded and captured at Chancellorsville, Va., 

May 3, 1863. 
Vanaickle, John W., must, in Feb. 27, 1864; died April 1, 1864; buried 

ill National Cemetery, Culpeper Court-House, Va., block 1, section 

Warsing, James, must, in 1861. 

White, Charles, must, in 1861 ; trans, to Co. I Feb. 17, 1862. 

Wilson, J. dm F., must, in 1861. 

Wittier, .la.-ob M., must, in 1S61. 

Weaver, Maurice, must, in ISOl. 

Walters, K.livard, musi 

Corp. Robert Jamison, must, in 1801 ; trans, to Co. K, 1862. 

Corp. ls,iac Manes, must, in 1861 ; trans, to Co. K, 1862. 

Cur]i. Alexander Reed, must, in 1861 ; trans, to Co. K, 1862. 

C.op. J.isiph Repetto, must, in 1861. 

l.'orp. Cliarles White, must- in 1861 ; trans, to Co. K, 1662. 

Musician Simon C. Whilmer, must, in 1861. 

Adams, Tliomas, must, in 1601 ; trans, to Co. K, 1862. 

Avery, Uoward D., must, in Sept. 30, 1802; trans, to Co. 1, 571 

P. v., Jan. 13, 1865. 
Apt, Joseph, must, in 1861 ; trans, to Co. K, 1862. 
Brady, Joliu, must, in 1861 ; disch. May lu, 1862. 
Bennett, Joseph, must, in 1861. 

Howere, Henry C, must, in 1861; trans, to Co. K, 1862. 
Dalt/.er, Iluuser, must, in 1801; disch. 
lirighani, Jacob N„ must, in Sept. 30, 1862 ; captured al 

Va., Jlay 3, 1803; died Aug. 2, 1864, buried in Cypress llill Ceme- 


Brown, Daniel L. 
received at C 
Brush, Eliphalet W., must, in 

Jan. 13, 1865. 
Brigham, Virgil, must, in 1801 

ug. Lot, must, in 1861. 
m, Oreu D., niu.=t. in 1801; captnr 
aus. to Co. I, 57th Regt. 

Md., June 15, of » 
Va., May 3, 1803. 
<C1 ; trans, to Co. I, 57th Eegt. 

to Co. I, 57th Regt. P. 


May 3, 

Brush, Oliver S., must, in 1861. 
Brigham, Truman, must, in 1861. 
Bone, William, must, in Oct. 29, 1802; tram 

Jau 13, 1S65. 
Barnhart, Demetr's, must, in Nov. 4, 1862 ; 

P. v., Jan. 13, 1865. 
Bastian, Jacob, must, in Sept. 27, 1862; tran 


, 1802. 

. Co. I, 57th Regt. V. v., 
ns. to Co. I, 57lh Regt. 
> Co. B. 

June 12,1804; buried in 

Bail, y, N'.«l..n, iinist. iij 1,kOI ; trans, to Co. K 1862. 
Bailey, Samuel, must, in 1801 ; trans, to Co. K 1862. 
B.oze, William, muEt. in 1861; trans, to Co. K 1862. 
Baker, Gemmil, must, in 1861; trans, to Co. K 1802. 
Bidwell, Anson N., must, in March 31, 1864; trans, to Co. 1, f 

P. v., Jan. 13, 1805. 
Barrett, Walter, must, in March 31, 1864. 
(.■auipl.ell, John B , must, in 1861 ; trans, to Co. K 1862. 

orge 1 

I 1861 ; 

. to Co. K 1602. 

maj. A]uil 9, ISO.'i ; trans, to Co, I, 57th Re.i;t. P. V., Jan. 13, 1865. 
■St Lieut. I.-aac Hooper, must, in Sept. 18, 1861 ; res. Feb. 14, 1S62. 
St Lieut. Clarence L. Barrett, must, in Feb. 1, 1862; pro. from 2d 

lieut. Feb. 1.5, 1602; res. Aug. 2, 1862. 
•St Lieut. John B. Ferguson, must, in 1801 ; pro. from Ist sergt. to 

ided at Chancellors- 
Vet. Res. Cor|i.i. 
) Co. K, 1862. 

wounded at Chancellorsville, 
iRegt. P. V.,Jan. 13, 1865. 
aus. to Co. I, 67th Regt. P. V., 

7th Regt. P. 

) Co. I, 57th Regt. P, V., 

Davis, John H., must, in ISOl ; disch. 
Dexter,, must, in .Sept. 30, 1802. 
Davy, .ludson, must, in Sept. 30, 1802; 1 

Jau. 13, 1605. 
Davis, James A,, must, in Sept. 30, 1862; trans, to Co, I, 67th Regt. P. 

v., Jan. 13, 1805. 
Duaenhatrer, Frank, must, in Nov. 4, 181.2 ; captured at Chancellorsville, 

Va., May 3, 1863; trans, to Co. I, 571h Regt. V. V., Jan. 13, 1865. 
Dosh, John, nilrst. in 1661, 



, Jos. 

Gntliiie, John G., iimst. in Nov. 4, lSi;2. 

Gibson, Edwaiii, must in S.|il. i:,, isia. 

Gearhiirt, ClnuU's, niu-t. in Nov c, isr,2. 

Garretson, TlicoJon^ J,, nnist. in isill ; trans, to Co. K in 18G2. 

Gilnett, Jacoli, nnisl in Isi.l ; Ir u).-. to Co. K in 1862. 

Gaston, Jolm 1! , nnisl in 5l;iii li :;l,;4. 

HogKcncainp, Jolin, in S,-pt.:in, 1S02. 

Hoffmann, William, ninst. iu Sept. au, 1SC2; captured; died at Alex- 

dria, Va,, Feb. 8, 1865; grave 299.1. 
Haas, James, must, in Oct. 6, 1862 ; trans, to Co. G, 57th Eegt. P. V., Jan. 

13, 1SC5. 
Haas, Jonathan, must, iu Sept. 15, 1862 ; trans, to Co. G, 57th liegt. P. V., 

J 13 1865 
H p G g \V m t O t 6 186 
H h S 1 t 186 

H tPt S t 1861 dd p k t June 19, 1864; trans, to 

CI 7tl K gt P 'V J 13 1865 t 
H ff t 1 (1 t t C K 1862. 

H {, J ^\ II t 1861 t t (. K n 1862. 

C h. 1862. 

J 1 tl t T 
I ff J 

My 1 3 
I 1 L m t 

J li IS 5 

t S pt 3J 186 

pt 9 186 
■5 [t 30 1 6 pt 

pt U 1 6 t 

d tChancellorsville.Va., 
t Co. I, 57th liegt, P. v., 

Kb Old 

m t t 6 1862 t 

to Co. G, 57th Regt. P. 

V J 1 1 65 
It Wll m 

t ISbl t t C 

K nl862. 

Ljd R b tL 
Lj 1 J pi L 
L k J t 

t IWl t t L 
tilt t C 

t b I i ISO 

K 1862. 
K 1S62. 

L k D d t 
LI yd G t 

b pt 1 

Sptl 1 

L A B t & 1 1 15 18r t t Co. B. 

L H K t pt 1 186 t t Co. B. 

L J M m t M y 17 186 t t Co. H. 

Manes, Ellis, must, in 1861. 

Miller, Isaac, must, in 1861. 

Michaels, Orange J., must, in 1861 ; trans, to Co. K in 1862. 

Miles, John, must, in 1861 ; disoh. 

Mark, John, must, in 1861 ; trans, to Co. K iu 1S62. 

Mosher, James, must, in Sept. 30, 1862. 

Marks, George W., must, in Sept. 30, 1S62 ; trans, to Vet. lies. Corps; 

disch. July 5, 1865. 
Mosher, Andrew J., must, in Sept. 30, 1862; wounded at Chancellors- 

■ville, Va., May 3, 1863; trails, to Co. I, 67th Kegt. P. V., Jau. 13, 

Markles, John L., must, in Sept. 30, 1862 ; wounded at Chancellorsville, 

Va., May 13, 1863. 
Marks, Andlew J.,must. in Sept. 30,1862; captured at Cliancellorsville, 

Va., May 3, 1863; trans, to Co. I, 57th Regt. P. V., Jan. 13, 1865. 
Mosher, John, must, in Sept. 30, 1862. 
Myers, John P., must, in Sept. 30, 1862; w.mnded at Chancellorsville, 

Va., May 3, 1863, 

Mitchell, Amos J., must, in Sept. 30, 1862. 

Mitchell, Virgil B., must, in Oct. 29, 1862; wounded at Chancellors 

Va., May 3, 1803, 
Miller, Jacob S., must, in Dec. 21, 1861 ; trans, to Co. K, 1863. 
Maghar, Dennis, must, in March 30, 1864. 
McGowen, Daniel, must, in Sept. 30, 1SG2. 

ken, F., mn 



North, E.lwin 

May 3, Is 

it. in ISOl ; tians. toCo. K, 1862. 

Sept. .HI, 1,102; wounded at Chancellorsville, Va., 

to Co. I, 57lli Regt. P. V., Jan. 13, 1865. 

dinger. Samuel, must, in 1861 ; died at Alexandria, Va., July 18, 1802. 

Oliver, William, must, in Sept. 30, 1862. 

Ostrunder, Levi, must, in Sept. 30,1862; trans, to Co. I, 57th Regt. P. V., 
Jan. Ill, 1S05. 

Parsons, George C, must, in Sept. 30, 1862. 

Pardee, Theodore, must, in 1861 ; drowned at Hancock, Md. 

I'olter, Jackson, must, in 1861 ; died at Alexandria, Va. 

Reed, Jacob, must, in 1S61 ; trans, to Co. K, 1862. 

Reed, James, must, in 1861. 

Rodkey, Robert L., must, in 1861 ; trans, to Co. K, 1862. 

Rogers, George W., must, in Sept. 30, 1862 ; trans, to Co. K, .57th Regt. 

P. v., Jan. 13, 1865. 
Robbins, Arthur, must, in Sept. 15, 1862 ; trans, to Co. B. 
Rarimrd, Jacob, must, in Nov. 0, 1862. 
Rue, James, must, in Marcli 31, 1864; trans, to Co. I, 57th Regt. P. V., 

Jan. 13, 1865. 
Robinson, James G., must, in March 31, 1804 ; trans, to Co. K,67th Regt. 

P. v., Jan. 13, 1865. 
Sutliff, David L., must, in Sept. 30, 1862; died Aug. ], 1863; buried in 

National Cemetery at Antietam, Md., section 20, lot D, grave 

Sutliff, Joseph G., must, in Sept. 30, 1862; 

National Cemetery at Arlington, Va. 
Skinner, Jerome, must, in Sept. 30, 1862. 
Sherwood, Bradley, must, iu Sept. 30, 1861 

P. v., Jan. 13, 1805. 
Scott, Jesse, must, in Oct. 2Q, 1862. 
Schemerhorn, H. E., must, in Oct. 29, 1862, 
Shisler, John, must, in Sept. 15, 1862. 
Stebbins, Cyrus, must, iu Nov. 14, 1863. 

Simonton, John W., must, in 1861; captn 

March 27, 1804. 
Sell, Henry, must, in 1861 ; discharged. 
Stugart, Henry, must, in 1861 ; trans, to Co. K, 1862. 
Shankle, John B., must, in 1S61 ; trans, to Co. K, 1SC2. 
Stanberger, D. F., must, in 1861. 
Sayers, Robert, must, in March 31, 1864. 
Taylor, Hamlet H., must, iu March 31, 1804 ; trans, to Co. H, 57th Regt 

P. v., Jan 13,1865. 
Taylor, George, must, in Sept. 30, 1862. 
Uliich, Adam, must, in Sept. 15, 1862 ; trans, to Co. B. 
Varner, John, must, in 1801. 
Wisner, Thomas, must, in 1861. 

Weaver, Fninklin, must, in 1861 ; trans, to Co. K, 1S62. 
Woodwuid, John, must, in 1861. 
While, Samuel C, mnst. in .Sept. 30, 1862. 
White, UMiMT, niu.-t. in Se]it. :;0, 1802. 

WriKlit,,! ', iii'.-i 111 .- I'l ,", l-i.'. 

WiUiiilii^ ^ ,1,., ■ I, ., i I M - I I ,<', 1SIV2. 
Wilb.ii,.,, , \i I. ■ ' :, ■• ! :■. \>('.-2. 
Wood, Jl,, ■ -, I I.I .-, 1 I ■■'■'•, I- ■. trans, to Co. I, .57th Re:rt. P. V.. 

Jan, r.',, isi 
Wood, Henry I 

ed May 19, 1864; buried in 
trans, to Co. I, 57th Regt. 

died at Richmond, Va 

must, in Sept. 30,1802; tiai 
Jan. 13, 1865. 
Williams, Richard, must, iu Sept. 30, 1852. 
Whipple, Abraham, must, in Sept. 15, 1862. 
Wadsworth, Andrew, must, iu Sept. 27, 1862. 



MIMTARY-WAU OF THE KEIiEl.LIOX.— ( C««/,-,n,«/.) 

To the Niiitli C:iv:ilry Regiment of Pennsylvania 
Huntingdon County contributed one eonii)any, des- 
ignated as Comijany M, and commanded by Capt. 
George W. Patterson. The other companies of tlie 
regiment were recruited in the counties of Perry, 
Dauphin, Luzerne, Su-,|uelianna, La.neaster, Cum- 
berland, .Mililin, and Northampton. 

Tlie rendezvous of tlie regiment was at Caniji Cam- 
eron, Harrisburg, wliere it was organized in the fall 
of ISGl, under eomraaud of Col. Edward C, Williams, 
.if Harrisburg. On tlie 20tli of November it left 
Camp Cameron and proeeided by rail to Piltsbur-li, 
and tliiuee by steamboat on the obi,, Kiver to .Fetfer- 

inlu lamp. In .lannary, )si;2, it moved Into Ken- 

renuiined several weeks. It was then divided into 
tliree battalions (respectively under command of tlie 
colonel, lieutenant-colonel, and Maj. Jordan), which 
were posted in dilferent parts of the State for protec- 
tion against guerrillas, particularly those commanded 
bv tlir nbel (ien. .lohn H. Morgan, who were then 


Creek on the Uth of May, and on ibe (Jtb ,,r .June 
was .-ngaged at _Mnore's Hill, Ky., with a loree of 
Confederate cavalry under Col. Hamilton. .V-ain, 
on tb,- '.Mb of .Iiiiy, the major's battalion became 
sharply engaged at Tompkinsville, Ky., with a Inree 
of two thousand men under Morgan. It> bi>-, in this 
battle was twenty-four killed and wounded and nine- 
teen takrn prisoners, while the lo-scs of .Morgan's 



Lebanon, Ky. .\fter t 
the Ninth Cavalry did 

followed in imrsuit, leaving Louisville October 1st, 
the Ninth Pennsylvania and Second Michigan Cav- 
alry Regiments leading the advance to Perryville, 
Ky., where a general battle was fought on the 8th. 
The Pennsylvania and Michigan cavalry regiments 
fought the Confederate infantry and held them at bay 
until the arrival of McCook's (Union) corps. The 
loss of the regiment at Perryville was thirty-seven 
killed and wounded. 

After the battle of Perryville the Ninth was ordered 
to Louisville, wdiere horses were furnished to those of 
the men who had been dismounted, amounting to 
more than half the regiment. It, then moved with the 
Second Michigan to Nicholasville, and thence in the 
latter part of December to and the Cumberland 
Mountains, and crossing the Cumberland and Clinch 
Piivers (by swimming the horses), and reached the 
Virginia and Tennes.see Railroad, wdiere on the 1st 
of .lannary tbey fought (dismounted) a heavy force 
of cavalry belonging to the command of Gen. 
Huniphri'y Marshall, capturing over one liundred 
prisoners, and succeeding in burning the railway 
bridge, .\-ain the regiment fought about three hun- 
dred of the enemy's cavalry at the railway crossing of 
the llolston River, capturing the entire Confederate 
force and burning the bridge and a long trestle-work 
at that place. The loss of the Ninth in this action 
was thirty-one killed and wounded. 

From the Holston River the Ninth, with the rest 
of the cavalry force, retreated across the Cumberland 
-Mountains, pursued by Marshall's Confederate troops, 
lait .avoided battle, and reached Nicholasville, Ky., 
on the i;;tli of January, 18(53. Soon after the regiment 
went to Louisville to remount, and thence proceeded 
t-, Nashville, arriving February Gth. From Nash- 
ville it mined to Franklin, Teun., where it was en- 
gaged with a brigade of Forrest's cavalry on the 9th. 
During the remainder of the month the Ninth, with 
thr Second Michigan, remained in that vhai.ily, hov- 
erin- along tlie front and flanks of (ien. Van Diu'n's 
Coiilrdi rale cavalry corps, always on the move, and 
In-iuiiitly making feints or real attacks on parts of 
the cn.iiiy'^ line, and by these means completely de- 
bidiii- both Van Dorn and Forrest into the belief 
lliat lliey were confronted by a body of Union cav- 
alry liilly t'.pial in strenglh to that of their combined 
foicis, wliieh more ihan nine thousand 
men. On the lib of >Iarcli the Ninth was engaged 
in a pitched battle willi a strong force of the enemy's 
cavalry .about four miles from Franklin, losing sixty- 
thi.r killed and wounded in a fight of more than live 

On the 5th the Ninth, 


witli other Union cavalry and a strong body of 
ill IV under Col. Coburn, of Indiana, was again 
iged with the enemy, making a most gallant sabre- 




in this iK-tinn the Ninth was highly complimented in 
orders by (icn. Rosecrans. 

During the summer campaign of 1863 the regiment 
(then composing a part of Gen. Stanley's cavalry divis- 
ion) fought at Shelbyville. Tenn. (making a desper- 
ate charge and capturing several hundred prisoners 
and a field battery), at Elk River, Tenn., and at 
Cowan, Tenn., where it took more than two hundred 
prisoners. From there it moved by way of Steven- 
son and Bridgeport, Ala., across Said Mountain and 
Lookout Mountain, into Georgia. It fought the 
enemy's cavalry at Lafayette, in that State, on the 
16th of September, taking a large number of prison- 
ers, and at the battle of Chickamauga, on the 19th 
and 20th, it did such good service as elicited the 
commendation of Gen. Thomas in general orders. 
During the succeeding winter the regiment was con- 
stantly on duty in East Tennessee, where most of the 
men re-enlisted and received the usual " veteran fur- 
lough," returning from Pennsylvania to Louisville 
with a large number of recruits. 

When the Confederate guerrilla chief, John H. Mor- 
gan, made his last raid northward the Ninth moved 
from Louisville to Frankfort, Ky., and held that place, 
delaying Morgan's force and compelling it to fall back 
to Pound Gap, where it was attacked and defeated by 
Gen. Burbridge. Afterwards the regiment moved to 
Nashville, and thence to Chattanooga. From there 
it moved back to McMinnville-in pursuit of the Con- 
federate cavalry under Gen. Wheeler. On the 6th of 
September, at a point a few miles east of Murfrees- 
boro', on the McMinnville road, it fought a brigade of 
Wheeler's command, charging with the sabre, defeat- 
ing the enemy, and taking nearly three hundred pris- 
oners. From that field it took part in the pursuit of 
Williams' Confederate brigade to Sparta, Tenn., where 
Williams' men dispersed and took to the mountains. 
For its service in this campaign the Ninth was com- 
mended in orders by Gens. Steadman and Van Cleve. 
The regiment then moved to join the army of Gen. 
Sherman in Georgia. On the 16th of November it 
fought at Lovejoy's, Ga., capturing three hundred 
prisoners and several pieces of artillery. Afterwards 
it fought the forces of the cavalry general, Wheeler, 
at Macon, Ga., at Bear Creek (where tlie regiment 
lost ninety-six killed and wounded), at Waynesboro', 
at Louisville, Ga., at Buck Head Church, and at 
various other places, where it always fought on the 
side of victory. It reached Savannah on the 21st of 
December. A month later it moved northward with 
the army into South Carolina (crossing the Savannah 
! at Sister's Ferry), fought the forces of Wheeler and 
Wade Hampton at Blacksville and Aiken, passed 
I through Columbia, the capital of the State, fought at 
I Lexington, crossed the Catawba at Rocky Mount, 
) moved through Rockingham to Fayetteville, N. C, 
I fought the enemy in the battle of Averysboro' March 
I 16th (where it was engaged for eight hours, and lost 
I one-tentli of its force), and in the great battle of 
• 11 

Bentonville on the 19th. After that battle it moved 
to Goldsboro', N. C, where it remained resting and 
refitting till the 9th of April, when it moved towards 
Raleigh, fighting a heavy battle with the enemy's 
cavalry on the 11th, and arriving at the State capital 
on the 13th, passing through the town, and moving 
out on the Hillsboro' road, where, on the same day, 
it met a force of Wheeler's cavalry and defeated it, 
pursuing it to Morrisville, and there fighting and 
utterly routing him. On this day the Ninth received 
a flag of truce which brought a letter from the Con- 
federate commander. Gen. Johnston, to Gen. Sher- 
man, proposing a surrender of the Southern army. 
A detachment of the Ninth escorted Gen. Sherman 
when he advanced to meet Gen. Johnston to arrange 
i the terms of surrender. The terms were agreed on, 
i the surrender made accordingly, and the war thus 
ended ; the Ninth Cavalry being engaged in the last 
battle fought east of the Mississippi in the great 
conflict. The regiment was mustered out of the ser- 
vice on the 18th of July, 1865. Following is a 
of the Huntingdon County company (M) of the 
Ninth : 



(Mustered out July 18, 1805.) 

Capt. George W. Patterson, must, in Aug. 24, 1S61 ; discli. uu surg. certit 

Doc. 31, 1861. 
Ciipt. Jiimes Bell, must, in Dec. 31, ISOl ; discb. on surg. cerlil'. M:iy 25, 

in Aug. 31, 1861 ; pro. from 1st lieut. 
18G4, wouuds received in action, 
ov. 14, 18U1 ; pro. from seigt. Co. L to 
lieut. Aug. 23, 1864, to capt. May 23, 

First Lieut. 0. B. McKnight, must, in Oct. 0, 18G1 ; 

Co. B May 22, 1863, to capt. Co. I Aug. 23, 1S64. 
Second Lieut. Isaac C. Temple, must, in Dec. 13, l! 

Second Lieut. Andrew M. Clark, nu 

Co. B Aug. 23, 1864; com. Ist li 

Second Lieut. William Irvin, must, in Oct. 24, 18G1 ; pro. from 1st sergt. 

May 20, 1865; com. 1st lieut. June 16, 1S05. 
First Sergt. George W. Kulin, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; pro. to Ist sergt. 

May 20, 1865 ; com. 2d lieut. June 16, 1805. 
Quartermaster-Sergt. Samuel P. Wallace, must, in Dec. 30, 1801; pro. 

from farrier Jan. 1, 1864. 
Sergt. E. B. Montgomery, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; pro. from Corp. Jan. 1, 


Sergt. Henry Shaffer, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; pro. from Corp. Dec. 25, 

Sergt. William Schofield, must, in Dec. 23, 1861 ; disch. Dec. 27, for 

wounds received at Tompkinsville, Ky., July 9, 1862. 
Sergt. Robert McClelland, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; disch. on Burg. cortif, 

April 12, 1864. 
Sergt. David E. Beighell, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; disch. Dec. 24, 1864, ex- 


Sergt. Isaac Myton, must, in Dec. 13, 

Sergt. David R. B. Barry, must, in Oct. 2.3, 1861 ; pro. 
May 23, 1863. 

11; disch. Dec. 24,18 
disch. Dec. 24, 1864, 


Dec. 13, ISOl ; 

pro. to Corp. Dec. 

Cocker, J;l 

i.lSGl; pro. to 

Corp. Dec. 23,1864, 


;. 24, ISCl ; pro 

. to Corp. June 1, 

Cochran, J 
Conner. E., 

■t. 24, IS61 ; pr. 

.. 10 Corp. June 1, 

Dell, Ilenr 
Dailey, Ru 

. 24, 1801; pro. 

to Corp. Dec. 25, 

Fetteroff, I 

Corp. Andrew P. McDonaM, must, in 

25, 1804. 

Corp. Arthur B. Shaw, must, in 2- 

Corp. Stephen Patterson, must, in Oct 

Corp. Nicholas Stephens, must, iu Ot 

Corp. Daniel W. Smith, must, in Oct 

Corp. George Gregory, must, in .\ug. 24, 1864; pro. to Corp. June 1, 

Corp. John Burke, must, in March 11, 1864; pro. to corp. Oct. 2", 1S64. 
Corp. John C. Bloom, must, in Jlay 5, 1864; pro. to Corp. Dec. 25, 1864. 
Corp. J. B. McCullough, must, in Oct, 24, ISGl; disch. Dec. 24, 1864, e.x- 

Corp. John A. Dillon, mu! 

Corp. F. B. Eisenberg, mu£ 

Corp. Henry S. Beeman, m 

Jan. 1, 1865. 
Corp. William T. Arterheri 

Sept. 9, 1861 ; died at Leba 
it. in Oct. 24, 1861. 

. in Oct. 24, ISOl ; disch. Dec. 24, 

, Levi W. 


1804; dis 


. to Ma 


in Oct. 24, ISOl ; disch. by G. 0. May 29, 
n Aug. 19, 1804; disch. by 0. 0. May 29, 
in Dec. 13, 1861 ; died at Annapolis, Md,, 
aiust. in Sept. 19, 1.SG2; died at Nashville, 

Fehn, Adam, must, in Dec. 30, 1861 ; 
Funk, David, must, in Dec. 13, 1861. 
Finley, James. 

Gates, George, must, in May 31, I8C4. 
Gladden, Isaac, must, iu Aug. 10, 1864; died ! 

Green, John H., must, in Oct. 24, 1861; killed at Sparta, Tei 

National Cemetery, Stone River, grave 525. 
Gainer, James, must, in Oct. 24, 1861. 
Hesley, Abraham, must, in April 14, 1864. 

Hoover, Allen E., must, in Aug. 19, 1864; disch. by G. 0. June 10, 1865. 
Hoffman, Thomas, must, in Jan. 3, 1865. 
Honley, Levi, must, in Dec. 13, 1861; disch. Dec. 24, 1864, expiration of 

Florence, S. C, Feb. 5, 

in Sept 

G. n. May 29, 1865. 

Farrier Jacob S. Der 

Bugler John Wagoner, 

Bugler Samuel T. Wall 

1 Doc. 13, 1861; pro. from blacksmith 
in Sept. 19, 1862 ; disch. by G. 0. July 
t. in Feb. 29, 1864; pro. to blacksmith 
March 4, 1804; pro. to bugler Nov. 1, 
in Dec. 10, 1861 ; pro. to bugler June 

ugler W. P. Arterherry, must, in Sept. 19, 1802; disch. by G. 0. 
I,.'. I >; :-. r iMeiii, Dec. 30, 1801 ; trans, to Vet. Corps. 

II . must, in Aug. 3,1864. 

\ , must, in Oct. 24, 1861. 

Sept. 5, 1864; captured; died 

Uains, William B., 

April 28, 1865; 

Hammond, James, ] 

arpster, William, must. 

S. C, Feb. 28, 1865. 
ampson, Solomon C, must, in Feb. 25, 1864; died at Louisville, Ky., 

Oct. 25, 1864; buried in National Cemetery, section C, range 2, 

grave 54. 
ulton, Benjamin F., must, in May 17, 1864. 

esland, John B., must, in Sept. 19, 1862. 

I at Griswoldville, 

I'.ii H M, rl. -. h;i;.i 111 -. I I , 1-i 1 , li-rh. bv G.O.May 29,1865. 
lib". Ml, .biliM !■ , must, in ■let. 24, lsi;l; wounded at Lebanon, Ky., Aug. 

1, l.'i02; iliscli. on surg. certif. Feb. 19, 1803. 
Burke, John, must, in Dec. 30, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif. Dec. 2, 1862. 
Ball, Oliver B., must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; disch. by G. 0. June 17, 1865. 
Boyd, .Augustus, must, in May 27, 1864; disch. by G. 0. June 21, 1865. 
Boughmaster, C. must, in Dec. 30, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif. May 4, 

Brandy, Christian, must, in Sept. 3, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif. Aug. 14, 

Bradley, John, must, in Sept. 3, Isol; disch. on surg. certif., date un- 

Blain, William, i .1 !■■ 1 . » ui i-l ,t Franklin, Tcun., 

March 1.1863; t.,.- ■ \. ' ■ ■;-. In . , 1,1, AM,. 
Briggs, Daniel C, nni-i : \i : : i-; i : : I .uisville, Ky., .\ug. 

Barnes. William. 

ton, Thomas, must, in Aug. 15, 1804. 

ton, John, must, iu Oct. 24, 1801; disch. on surg. certif. Sept. 3, 


', Michael, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; discli. Dec. 24, 1864, expiration 

ton, Collins, must. in Oct. 24, 1801 ; disch. Dec. 24, 1804, expiration 


, Arthur M. C, must, in Aug. 20, 1861 ; disch. by G. 0. May 29, 

, L. onard K., must, in Feb. 23, 1864. 

, Henry A., must, in Oct. 24, 1861. 

. John, must, in Oct. 24, 1801 ; disch. on surg. certif. April 20,1863. 

■y. Andrew P., must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif., date 

I Oct. 24, ISOl ; killed at Tompkinsville, Ky., July 
in May 23, 1861. 

Bayiie, William J., must, in Oct. 24, ISGI ; discli. Dec. 7, 1301. 

Chathania, Thomas, must, in June 2, 1804. 

Caldwell, .Samuel, must, in May 27, 1SC4. 

Colledge, David, must, in Feb. 4, 11*64. 

Cain, Thomas, must, in Feb. 2.3. 1864. 

Conley, John, must, in Aug. 20, 1864; disch. by G. 0. May 29, 1865. 

Camph.dl, James, must, in Sept. 15, 1804 ; disch. by G. 0. May 29, IS 

Cnnvers, Henry, must, in Aug. 19, 1804; disch. by G. 0. May 29, 1S( 

Caldwell, Lafayette, must, in May 27, 1804; disch. by G. 0. Jun( 

Campbell, James A., must, in Sept. 10, l.sol ; died at Bacon Creek, : 
March 4, 1802; buried at Cove Hill National Cemetery, Louisv 

Chilcoat, Benjamin, must, in Aug. 2(i, 1864 ; captured; died at Flore 

, Josi 

Leapsom, John J., must, in Dec. 31, 1861 ; tri 

Merritts, Joseph, must, in March 29, 1804. 

Morell, Henry, must, in June 6, 1804. 

Mehaffey. Joseph, must, in Jan. 13, 1864. 

Miller, John J., must, in Aug. 30, 1864; disch. by G. O. .M.a 

Merrilts, Sanil}el, must, in Feb. 20, 1804 ; captured; died at Florence, 

C, Feb. 25,1805. 
Miller, Robert G., died at Harrisburg, Pa., Dec. 22, 1861. 
McCraken, Joseph, must, in Dec. 10, 1301 ; disch. on surg. certif. Oct. i 

. Res. Corps. 

9, 1865. 


> Oct. 24, 1801. 



Noffsker, Jacob J., must, in Sept. 5, 1864 ; wounded at Gri9wold»ille,Ga., 

Nov. 22, 1864; disch. on surg. certif. May 31, 1865. 
Porte, Henry, must, in Deo 13, 18G1. 
Parks, Miles, must, in Dec. 24, 1861 ; disch. Dec. 24, 1864, expiration of 

P.irk.^, Churle 
HI, 1862. 

Sept. 4, 1861; died at Nasliville, Tonn., April 

Ben, Crawford, must, in May 27, 1864. 

Bowe, James, must, in May 25, 1864. 

Eoliinsou, Patrick H., must, in Oct. 24, 1861. 

Beed, Audrew J., must, in Aug. 19, 1864; discli. by G. O. May 29, 1865. 

Bboads, John A., must, in Sept. 3,1864; captured at Florence, S. C, 

Dec. 3, 1864. 
Smitli, Michael, must, in Aug. 24, 1864. 
Stepliens, Tliomas, must, in May 30, 1864. 
Sipe, John, must, in June 6, 1864. 
Shore, Jesse L., must, in Feb. 19, 1864. 

Shaffer, Peter, must, in Feb. 16, 1864 ; disch. by G. 0. July 18, 1865. 
Stewart, Ju8e])h W., must, in Oct. 19, 1864. 
Steffler, Harrison T., must, in Sept. 10, 1S64 ; discb. by G. 0. May 29, 

Shearer, Abraham, must, in Aug. 26, 1864 ; disch. by G. 0. May 29, 1865. 
.Stoll, Frederick, must, in Sept. 17, 1864; disch. by G. 0. M.iy 29, 1865. 
Shattzberger, M., must, in Aug. 30, 1864; disch. by G. 0. May 29, 1865. 
Shollenberger, J., must, in Aug. 30, 1864; disch. by G. 0. May 29, 1865. 
Stevens, Jame,^ H., must, in Feb. 19, 1864 ; disch. by G. 0. May 29, 1865. 
Spangler, William H., must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; discb. on surg. certif. May 



. in Sept. 17, 1864 ; disch. by G. 0. May 29, 1865. 
u Sept. 25, 1861 ; disch. on surg. certif. Aug. 25, 

July 9, 1862. 
Shoening, Francis, must. 

April 15, 1862. 
Stewart, John P. 
Scruder, Lemon, must, in 
Thompson, Allen B., must 
Thomas, Josepli D., must. 

26, 1864. 
Tussey, Samuel C, must, i 
Thompson, William, must. 

Turinan, Harry, must, in . 
Tnruian, Royal, must, ii 
Turuer, George. 
Thompson, Robert P.. m 
Underwood, G. W, 
Vanscoyock, F. B., must 
Weight, Thomas, must, i 

Sept. 3, 1861 ; killed at Tompkin 
in Sept. 12,1861; died at Nashv, 

Sept. 13, 1864; disch. by G. 0. Aug. 28, 1805. 

. in Feb. 19, 1864. 

in Sept. 18, 1861 ; pro. to 2d lieut. Co. K Aug. 

n Sept. 30, 1864; disch. by G. 0. May 29, 1856. 
. in Oct. 24, 1861 ; disch. Dec. 24, 1864, exp. of 

Aug. 20, 1864; disch. by G. O. May 29, 1865. 
Aug. 16, 1864 ; disch. by G. 0. May 26, 1665. 


in Dec. 17, 1861. 
8, must, in Aug. 15, 1861. 
M., must, in Dec. 31, 1861 ; discb. Dec. 24, 1864, eip. of 

ephen, must, in Sept. 5, 1864; disch. by G. O. May 29, 

Weidener, Jacob, must, in Aug. 26, 1864 ; disch. by G. 0. May 29, 1865. 
Wolf, Samuel, must, in Ang. 19, 1864; disch. by G. May 29, 1865. 
Watts, James, must, in Sept. 6, 1864; disch. by G. 0. May 29, 1865. 
Weight, Henry, must, in Aug. 15, 1864; disch. by G. 0. May 29, 1865. 
Webster, Edmund, must, in Aug. 31, .1864; died at Wilmington, N. C, 

March 10, 1805. 
Wolf, Michael H., must, in Aug. 19, 1864; killed at GriswoldTillo, Gn., 

Nov. 22, 1864. 
Wlite, John M. 

The One Hundred and Tenth Regiment. -This 

regiment was composed of companies recruited in the 
counties of Huntingdon, Blair, Bedford, Centre, Clear- 
field, and Philadelphia, which rendezvoused at Camp 
Grossman, near Huntingdon. The companies raised 
in Blair and Huntingdon Counties were Company A, 
from Tyrone ; Company B, of Huntingdon County ; 
Company C, of Blair ; Company D, of Huntingdon. 
Company H was raised in Blair County. 
The regiment was organized at Camp Crossman in 

the fall of 1861, under the following-named field- 
officers, viz. : Col. AVilliam D. Lewis, Jr., Lieut.-Col. 
James Crowther (killed at Chancellorsville May 3, 
1863), Maj. John C. Johnston. Capt. Isaac Rodgers 
was mortally wounded at Spottsylvania Court-House, 
May 12, 1864, and died on the 28th of the same month. 
Two of the adjutants of the regiment, during its term 
of service, were Huntingdon County men, viz. : W. 
F. Cunningham, of Company D, and Lewis G. Stewart, 
of Company B. 

The regiment moved from Camp Crossman to Camp 
Curtin, Harrisburg, about Dec. 1, 1861, and about a 
month later moved by way of Hagerstown to Han- 
cock, Md., which point was then menaced by a Con- 
federate force under " Stonewall" Jackson, though 
it was afterwards found that his demonstration was 
but a feint to cover his real designs against Romney, 
Va. The One Hundred and Tenth reached Han- 
cock on the 14th of January, and was assigned to 
duty as part of the force commanded by Gen. Lander. 
Gen. Jackson sent Col. Ashby with a flag of truce to 
demand the surrender of the town, which was refused 
by Gen. Lander, and thereupon the Confederates 
opened upon the town with their artillery, and con- 
tinued the cannonade through the day, during which 
time the regiment was in line with the other troops to 
meet the anticipated advance of the enemy across the 
river. Jackson, however, withdrew his force to 
Romney, and afterwards moved to Winchester. Gen. 
Lander moved his force to Cumberland, where the 
{ One Hundred and Tenth was assigned to Tyler's 
! brigade, Lander's division of the corps of Gen. Banks. 
I The other regiments of the brigade were the Seventh 
and Thirty-ninth Ohio, the Seventh Indiana, and 
First Virginia. 

The regiment was placed on duty on the line of the 

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, guarding the bridges 

over the north and south branches of the Potomac 

and at Paw Paw tunnel. On the 8th of March it left 

Paw Paw and moved to Martinsburg, and thence to 

Winchester, where Gen. James Shields became com- 

' nianding officer of the division in place of Gen. Lan- 

, der, who died on the 2d of March. On the 18th of 

j March the regiment with its division moved up the 

valley (the enemy under Jackson retiring before the 

advance of the Union troops) to a point south of 

Strasburg, where its camp was made on the night of 

the 19th. On the 20th it marched back to the camp 

north of Winchester, having scarcely made a halt 

during all the day's march. 

In the afternoon of the 22d the enemy's cavalry 
made its appearance, and on the 23d the advance of 
"Stonewall" Jackson's infantry foite reached a point 
near Kernstown, south of Winchester. Gen. Shields 
at once made his dispositions for battle, i)lacing Ty- 
ler's brigade in advance, with orders to move to the 
assault of the enemy's position under fire from the 
: Union batteries. The enemy was in heavy force and 



strongly posted behind a stone wall, and jiartially 
covered by woods, and an attack on such a force in 
such a position was a dilEcult and dangerous service. 
Gen. Shields, in his official report, said he " intrusted 
this movement to Tyler's splendid brigade, whicli, 
under its fearless leader. Col. Tyler, marched forward 
with alacrity and enthusiastic joy to the performance 
of the most perilous duty of the day." The brigade 
advanced rapidly in the face of a murderous fire, 
charged up to and over the stone wall which shel- 
tered the enemy, and drove the Confederates from 
their position, compelling tbcm tn fly in disorder, 
leaving their dead and w.iiin.l.'d on (ho field. The 
One Hundred and Tenth i.insiiid the enemy to a 
[loint where he had taken up a new position. This 
they also assaulted and carried, driving the Con- 
federates in greater disorder than before, taking about 
three hundred of them prisoners and capturing two 
jiieces of artillery and a thousand stand of arms. In 
this engagement the regiment lost fifty-two killed 
and wounded out of a total strength of a little over 
three hundred men with which it entered the fight. 

After this battle the regiment was for some time on 
provost-guard duty in AVinchester. About the 1st 
of May it moved to Harrisonburg, and thence with 
the other troops marched through the Luray Valley 
and across the Blue Ridge to Fredericksburg, being 
engaged on tlie way in several skirmishes, among 
which was one at Gaines' Cross-Roads on the 18th 
of Jlay, in which A company sustained a slight loss. 
At Fredericksburg the regiment was assigned to the 
Fo\irth (('nrroH's) Brigade of Shields' division. Soon 
aftirwanl- i( was ordered back with the division to 
tlie Slunuiidoah Valley to reinforce the command of 
<ien. Banks, who was then confronted and over- 
matched by the forces of" Stonewall" Jackson. The 
brigade arrived at Port Republic on the 8th of June, 
and on the iUli was engaged with Jackson's forces. 
The <>[!,• Hundred and Tenth occupied the right, 
whirli the rnemy in strong Ibrce made a determined 
elfort to Hank, and in thr conflict which resulted the 
regiment sustained MVirrlo-< in killed, wounded, and 
])risoners. The troop-, over]iowered by Confederate 

number>. \vi rr i lulled to retire and fell back in 

poo.l order to Front Royal, from which place the 
regiment uilh its division marched to Port Republic, 
and thence to Alexandria, where tlu' First and Sec- 
ond Brigades were transjiorted to the I'.iiin^tila to 
join the army of McClcllan, while the Third and 
Fourth Brigades went into camp near AlcNainlria. 
The camp of the One Hundred and Tenth was at 
Cloud's ;\Iills, wliere it remained several weelcs, .•md 
then moved to Warrenton, Va.. where it.- brigade 
was as>ii;ned to (Ten. lii.'ketts' .livi-ion in the .\rmv 
ofVirLdnia. under Gen. John Pope. 


the conflict of that day Rickctts' division was ordered 
in at about dark, but the One Hundred and Tenth 
did not become closely engaged, though it lay under 
a very heavy artillery fire, and sustained some losses. 
On the 14tb it moved to the Rapidan. and with other 
troops (jccujjied the line of that river until the 19th, 
when the army commenced falling back towards the 
defenses of Washington. On the 28th the regiment 
fought with its division at Thoroughfare Gap, where 
it was confronted by the entire corps of Longstreet. 
At night the division fell back to the vicinity of 
Groveton, reaching there late in the day on the 29th. 
On the 30th, in the second Bull Run battle, the regi- 
ment was in line early in the day, and fought with 
bravery and steadiness through the wdude afternoon. 
The day ended in defeat to the Union arms, and at 
night the regiment fell back with its division and 
the army to Centreville, and thence retreated to the' 
defenses of Washington. The camp of the One 
Hundred and Tenth was at Arlington Heights, wdiere 
it remained (reduced to a mere fraction of its original 
strength) during the progress of the campaign of 
South Mountain and Antietam. In October, 18(32, 
the One Hundred and Tenth (being then in Gen. 
Whipple's division) joined the Army of the Potomac, 
then under command of Gen. A. E. Buraside, and 
marched through Virginia to the Rappahannock 
River opposite Fredericksburg, and went into camp 
at Stoneman's Switch. In the great battle of Freder- 
icksburg (December 13th) it was on the left, with 
Gen. Franklin's grand division, and performed good 
service, suff'ering severe loss. The battle resulted in 
disaster to the Union troops, and the regiment with 
the army recro.ssed to the north side of the Rappahan- 
nock, and returned to its old camp at Stoneman's 
Switch. AVhib- remaining at tluit place Lieut. -Col. 
t'routlier was promoted to the command of the regi- 
ment, rice Lewis, resigned, and Maj. D. M. Jones l)c- 
came lieutenant-colonel. In January, 18G3, the regi- 
ment took part in the famous " Mud Jlarch," which 
Gen. Burnside intended to be the initiative of a new 
forward movement towards Richmond, but after a few- 
days of useless fatigue and marching through pour- 
ing rain and almost bottomless mud, the movement 
was abandoned, and the troops returned to their 
winter-quarters. In the spring campaign of 18(J3" 
under the new army commander. Gen. Hooker, the 
regiment left cami) on the 2Sth of April, and marched 
it^ division to the Rapi)ahannock, crossing that river 
on the 30th at United States Ford, and marched to 
Ghancellorsville. In the great battle at that place, 
on the 2d and 3d of .May, the movements and services 
id' the One Hundred and Tenth were nearly the same 
as those of the Eighty-fourth (both being in thesame 
brigade), wdiich have been mentioned in the history 
of the latter regiment. The One Hundred and Tenth 
lost more than one-third of its men either killed, 
wonnilod. or taken prisoners, among the former being 
the brave C<d. Cnovth.T, who fell in the conflict at 




the Chancellorsville House on the 3(1 of May. On 
the night of the 5th and morning of the 6th the reg- 
iment marched from the field, crossed tlie Rappahan- 
nock with the army, and returned to its old camp. 

In the campaign of Gettysburg the One Hundred 
and Tenth (then under command of Lieut.-Col. Jones, 
and forming part of the brigade of Gen. De Trobfiaiid, 
in Birney's division of the Tliird Corps) reached the 
famous battle-field on the night of July 1st, the men 
having endured extreme fatigue and hardship on the 
long, dusty, and sweltering march from the Rappa- 
hannock. The corps was posted on the left of the 
army line. The One Hundred and Tenth was in line 
and under fire early in the morning of the 2d, but not 
closely engaged till afternoon, when, with the Fifth 
Michigan, of the same brigade, it received a tremen- 
dous attack from a Confederate brigade, and held the 
superior force at bay, fighting until its ammunition 
was exhausted, when it was relieved, and retired to 
the second line of the corps, where it remained — 
under fire, but not again so closely engaged^during 
the remainder of the conflict. In this great battle 
the regiment lost fully one-third of its men in killed 
and wounded, among the latter being the command- 
ing officer, Lieut.-Col. Jones,' who lost his left leg. 

After the campaign of Gettysburg, the regiment 
remained for a time in Pennsylvania and Maryland, 
then crossed the Potomac with the army into Vir- 
ginia, where it was encamped for a considerable time 
at Warrenton, and afterwards at Culpeper. In No- 
vember it was posted at Catlett's Station. It was en- 
gaged in the battles of Kelly's Ford (where the bri- 

1 The f.illowii. 

" Diivid Matte 
Tenth Regimen 

! sketch of Col. Jones is from " Martial Deeds of Penn 

lieutenant-colonel of the One Hundred and 
n on the 'ilth of April, l8;iS, in Huntingdon 
Oounly, Pa. He was the son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Mattern) Jones- 
He received a good common-school education, ami learned the trade of 
his father, that of a potter. In the tliree months' service of 18(!t he was 
corporal of Compiiny D of the Third Regiment. On his return from 'this 
he recruited and was commissioned captain of Company A of the One 
Hundred and Tenth Regiment, which was sent to the upper Potomac, 
joining the column of Geu. Lander, and participating in the engage- 
ments against Jackson, and subsequently, under Shields, in the hard- 
fought hattle of Winchester, in which Jackson was driven. In a skir- 
mish with a detachment of Ashby's cavalry, in one "f the p;isses of the 
Blue llidge, in June, l.siiii, Capt. Jones mauoeuvr'-l in- miit.v \miii •■•> 

moted to the raTik of a major. He participated in i . i : :: j it 

Ceil 11 .Mountain, and in the second battle of Bull I; . i lin- 

latter a severe wound in the riglit wrist from a :\Iiii ■ . - -I 

quite through, leaving the limb weakened an. I i ■ i ' i . i. 

Shortly aftertlie battle of Fredericksburg, in wliich i, ^, i. ... i, lie 
was promoted to lieutenant-colonel, and at ChaiRvll,.i3Viil., uli«it Ilie 
colonel was killed, the command devolved on him at a critical moment 
in the battle. At Gettysburg lie was of De Trobriand's brigade, that 
held unsupported, in the early part of tlie battle, the rocky, wooded 
ground designated the whirlpool or slaughter-pen. More bold or deter- 
mined fighting has rarely been witnessed than was here displayed. It 
was a sad field forCol. Jones, for while conducting the fight with match- 
less heroism he was shot through the left leg, ami .so si-viti' was the 

warm commendation in 

the orders of Gen 

De 'I'l i: 

■abled for further 

field se 

rvice he 


He u . .. 

Miss Amanda J 


, wlio d 

ed in 18 

7. In 1-1.. 

register and reco 

rder of 

lis native 


gade captured more than four hundred prisoners), and 
at Brandy Station, November 8th. It took part in 
the movement of the army to Mine Run, and after 
the close of that fruitless campaign went into winter- 
quarters near Brandy Station, where the men re-en- 
listed as veterans. 

In the reorganization of the army, preparatory to 
the spring campaign of 1864, the One Hundred and 
Tenth was transferred with its brigade to the Second 
Corps, under Gen. Hancock. The commanding officer 
of the regiment was Col. Isaac Rodgers, who had 
been promoted successively tlirough all the grades, 
from first lieutenant of B company. Moving with 
the army to the campaign of the Wilderness, the 
regiment crossed the Rapidan at Ely's Ford May 4th, 
and camped that night on the field of Chancellors- 
ville. On the 6th it was engaged in the second day's 
battle of the Wilderness, and from that time until 
the 10th was daily under fire, losing one-fourth of the 
men with which it crossed the Rapidan on the 4th. 
On the 12th it was actively engaged in the bloody 
battle at Spottsylvania Court-House, taking a promi- 
nent part in the capture of an entire Confederate di- 
vision. In this action Lieut. John W. Manning, of 
H company, was killed, and (.'ol. Rodgers imirtally 

The regiment fought and did good service in the 
subsequent engagements at North Anna River, Shady 
Grove Church, Tolopotomy, Cold Harbor, and the 
Chickahominy River (June 3d). On the 14th of June 
it crossed the James River and moved to the front of 

j Petersburg, where it joined in an assault on the Con- 
federate defenses of the city, fighting bravely and 
suffering severe loss. Again, on the 17th, it took 
part in an engagement at the Weldon Railroad. It 
fought and sustained heavy loss in the battle at Deep 
Bottom, July 27th, and was engaged again at the 
same place in November. It participated in the bat- 
tle at Hatcher's Run, and afterwards in various move- 
ments and actions during the winter, being for some 
time posted as a garrison of the earthwork known as 
" Fort Hell." On the 25th of March, 1865, it fought 
in the battle which resulted from the tremendous as- 
sault of the Confederates on Fort Steadman. In this 

1 action the regiment lost severely in killed and 
wounded. Col. Isaac T. Hamilton being among the 
latter. It again suffered heavy loss in the battle of 
Amelia Springs, where the brigade fought the enemy 
and drove him in rout from a strongly-intrenched 
position. This was the last battle of the regiment. 

1 At Clover Hill, Va., in the afternoon of the 9th of 
April, it received the joyful news of the surrender of 
the Confederate army, which virtually ended the 
war. Early in May the regiment faced north, and 

) took up the line of the homeward march, passing 
through Richmond, reaching the Washington de- 
fenses on the 15th, and taking part in the great 

i review of the Army of the Potomac at the National 

I Capital on the 23d of May. It was mustered out of 


the service on the 28th of June, 180'>. F< 
a list of the Huntingdon and Blair compa 
One Hundred and Tenth Regiment, viz.: 



to unknown, for wounds received in action. 

! IG 18r4; buried in National Cemetery at City 
div 8 m 1, grave 93. 

Bilestine, George W. 
nial;e, Cliristopher. 


Capt. W. II. Stepliens, pro. from Ut sergt. to 2d lient. June 10, ISO t 

capt. Jan. 1, 1S03. 
Capt. Samuel Mcl'unc, wounded at Winche.ster, Va., JIarcli 2:!, ISf 

pro. from 1st sergt. to 2d Hent. Dec. 20, 1S62, to 1st lieut. May 1 


First Lieu 


First I,i.-n 

, Maj : 

,i.-nt. Iiiivi.l c.ipolin, must, in Dec. 19, ISOl, res 

ifut. \V ilhiuii li. Siielow, pro- from 1st sergt. 1 

i4, t.i 1st lieut. July 25, 1864, to adjt. June 8, 1865; vet. 

ir^'t. .\tlam Weigllt, must, in Dec. 19, 1861; pro. from private to 

gt. .''ept. 2J, 186.1, to 1st sergt. June 1, 1865, com. 1st lieut. April 

?, (lied, buried in Natic 
ro. from Corp. aiay 6, 
pro. to Corp. .\ug. 1, : 

lal Cemet! 


ergt. Jun 

. to Corp. .\ug. 6, 1864, to sergt. June 1, 18Co 

iscb. Oct. 24, 1864, expiration of term. 

by U. O. May 29, 1805. 

iCli. by G. 0. May 29, 1865. 

ed at Deep Bottom, Va., July 27, 1864 ; buried 

Sergt. Andrew L. Ganoe, must, in Dec. 19, 18C1. 
Sergt. Francis M. Hurley, died, date unknown, of w 
burg; buried in National Cemetery, sec A, gra 
Sergr. John L. Hill. 

Corp. IraC. Horn, w<iunde( 
to cor[i. April 2n, 1865. 

Corp. Miles Dickson, musi 

Corp. John Shelow, wounded at Port Republic, Va., Jutie 6, \S61 ; J i 

for wounds received at Petersburg June Is, 1864. 
Corp. William Spittler, wounded at Deep Bottom, Va., July 27. 1> 

disch. on surg. ccrtif. Jan. 24, 1S65; vet. 
Corp. fic-oige W, Weight, captured at Petersburg, Va., March 

Cr 1 Franc s vounded at Deep Bottom, Va., July .27, 1864 ; trans, to 
> et B s Corps Oct 28 1864; disch. by G. 0. Aug. 2, 1865. 

C ralaitl Jon ithan m tt in Dec. 19, 1861 ; captured at Petersburg, 
^ Mrl IM lisci by G. 0. May 29, 1865; vet. 

(11 II I late unknown. 

1 111 date unknown. 

1 I late luknown. 

(I 11 1 Huntingdon, Pa., Oct. 20, 1861. 

Dei n tt \\ v ndel at Deep Bottom, Va., July 27, 1864. 

Deni \ J sepl captured it Petersburg, Va., March 25,1865; disch. bv 
G May 29 1865 ^et 

Dck on Jimes ml t in Dec 19, 186.-i. 




r k Keulen 
Fo St He rj 

F nk I aic n ust n Feb "" 1SC4. 

F ul W 11 n must in Feb »', 1SC4; trans, to Co. K, 9th Regt. Vet. 

Res Corps Jan 1' 1865 disch. by G. 0. July 15, 1S65. 
lie ler Di id 

Feel a M cl ael disci dteur known. 
F lei 1 I Ir C 1 1 JuneU, 1SC2. 

' G. 0. June 26, 1865. 
inided at Wilderness, 
(1. 0. May 31, 1865. 

L 1 1 n 1 J d ed at Harnsburg. Pa., Jan.l5, 1862; buried at Mount 

k In C et rv 
C Fre leri 1 di I at Tyrone Pa., June 25, 1802. 
IIu In n Dav d n st De 19, 1801. 
11 cl J 1 F apt red t Petersburg, Va., March 2.'i, 1865; disch. by 

I Ma> J IS 5 vet 
II g H ^ 


II e 

t U.S. Cav 

O.rp W,llia,nF,tl,M-,f 
Corp. Kdwar.l 11. Itiui 

liurg. Va. 
Corp. William Lytic, ■ 

Bburg,VB., Ma 

, ISI-o 

, disch. Oct. 24, 1864, 


McQuillnn, William H., must, in Feb. 15, 1S64; died at Alexandria, Va , 

Jnl}' loth, of wounds received at Petersburg, Va. 
McAdanis, William, trans. Co. I, 11th Regt. Vet. Res. Corps; must, in 

Feb. 15, 1804. 
Newman, John, must, in Deo. 19, 1861 ; wounded at Petersburg, Va. 
Newman, Richard, disch. Oct. 24, 1864, expiration of term. 
Newman, Benjamin, must, in Dec. 19, 1861; died July 12th of wounds 

received at Petersburg, Va. 
Nipple, John, wounded at Winchester, Va., March 23, 1862. 
Nixdorf, Joseph. 

Neely, Robert, died at Cumberland, Md., March 16, 1862. 
Parsons, John F., must, in Feb. 17, 1864 ; killed at Deep Bottom, Va., 

July 27,1864. 
Plnmmer.Amos J., died October lOtb of wounds received in action Sept. 

Sergt. Albert Hall, must, in Feb. 22, 1804 ; pro. from corp. Nov. ! 

must, out with company June 28, 1865. 
Sergt. James French, must, in Oct. 24, 1861; disch. Oct. 23, 1864, 


Dec. 19, 1861 ; pro. to ( 

Oct. 24, 1801; killed at Deep Bottom, 

n Dec. 19, 1861 ; killed at Deep Bottom, 




Renner, Isaac, must, in Oct. 5, 1SC4. 

Rounds, William, must, in Feb. 24, 1864; wounded at Wilderness, Va., 
May 6, 1S64 ; traus. Vel. Res. Corps Nov. 25, 1864. 

Richards, George W., disch. Oct. 24, 1864, expiration of term. 

Rodgers, Samuel. Ross, Joseph. 

Ryan, Michael. Stonebreaker, Abel. 

Stephens, William, disch. Oct. 24, 1864, expiration of term. 

Stoddart, Thomas, captured at Spottsylvania Court-House M.iy 12, 1864. 

Stone, John H., disch. Oct. 24, 1864, expiiation of term. 

Swatts, Jacob, wounded at Winchester, Va., March 23, 1862. 

Stoddart, James, died at Hagerstown, Md., Jan. 13, 1862. 

Shimmell, John J. 

Spitler, Berry. 

Shea, William. 

Stewart, John P., disch. on surg. certif. 

Stoddart, John, killed at Gettysburg, Pa., July, 1863; buried in Na- 
tional Cemetery, section E, grave 23. 

Stewart, William, disch., date unknown. 

Tozer. Robert, must, in Feb. 26, 1864. 

Toxell, John, wounded at Deep Bottom, Va., July 27, 1864 ; trans, to Vet. 
Res. Corps Oct. 14, 1864 ; disch. on G. 0. 

Valance, James, wounded at Winchester. 

Wiser, Emanuel, must, iu Dec. 19, 1861. 

Warlield.J.din. Williams, John. 

White, John M. Worts, Martin. 

Wilson, Emery E., wounded at Gettysburg. 

Weight, Daniel, died at Chamberlain, Md., Mitrch 5, 1862. 

Wilson, William, died at Harrisburg, Pa., .Tan. 6, 1862. 

Weight, David E., died at Hageratown, Md., Jan. 2II, 1862. 

Company B. 
Capt. Seth Benner, must, in Oct. 24, 1861; resigned Nov. 30, 1862, 
Capt. Isaac Rodgers, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; pro. from 1st lieut. Dec. 1, 

1862; to maj, Dec. 21, 1862, aud to lieut.-col. and col. 
Capt. John M. Skelly, must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; pro. from 1st sergt. to 2d 

lieut. Dec, 16, 1862, to capt. Jan. 16, 1864; disch. by S. 0. March 1, 

Sergt. Naum H. Apgar, must, ii 

Va, July 27, 1864; vet. 
Sergt. Miles W. McCarthy, must 

Va, July 27, 1864; vet. 
Sergt. Thomas A. Ruggles, niusl. in Dec. 19, 1861 ; killed at Deep Bottom, 

Va., July 27, 1864; vet. 
Sergt. Valentine Stewart, must, in Oct. 24, 1861; killed near Poplar 

Grove Church, Va,, Oct. 2, 1864; vet. 
Sergt. Washington J. Bell, must, in Oct. 24, 1861; not on muster-out 

Sergt. Matthew G. Collins, must, in Sept. 30, 1861 ; traus. to Co. C, 64th 

Regt. P. v., date unknown. 
Sergt. Samuel D, Wilson, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 j not on mnster-out roll. 
Corp. Daniel Suyder, must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; pro, to corp. Nov. 24, 1864; 

Coip, Joseph M, Price, must, iu Feb. 22, 1864 ; pro. to corp. Nov. 24, 1864 ; 

must, out with company June 2S, ISO.". 
Corp. William A. B. Couch, iiiii-i in T> I'l.l-i'l; pro. to Corp. Nov. 1, 

1864; must.out with c..i,,p. ' > v.-t. 

Corp, Diern Ramsey, must. iiMi ! 1 i i i in rorp. April 10, 1864 ; 

prisoner from May 6,180). ti ivi. j_,l-i.. must.out with company 

June 28, 1865. . 
Corp. Daiiiel O. Fleck, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; pro. to corp. Jan. 1, 1805 ; 

must, out with company June 28, 1865 ; vet. 
Corp. J, C. Coughenanr, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; pro. to corp. Dec, 1, 1864 ; 

must, out with company June 28, 1865 ; vet. 
Corp. William H. Miller, must, in Feb. 22, 1864; pro. to sergt,-maj. No- 
vember, 1864, 
Corp. Lewis G, Stewart, must, in Dec. 19, 1,861 ; pro. to sorgt.-maj, Feb. 

1, 1804; vet, 
Corp, .lohn B. Musser, must, iu Dec. 19, 1861 ; killed at Wilderness, Va., 

May 0,1804; vet, 
Corp. John G, Moore, must, iu Feb, 27, 1864; died at Point Lookout, Md., 

February 25th, of wounds received at Hatcher's Run, Va., Feb. 6, 

Corp. W. W. WithingtOD, must, in Oct. 24, 1861; not on muster-out roll. 
Corp. James V. Lee, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; captured at Bull Run, Va., 

August, 18G2; trans, to U. S. Art., date unknown . 
Corp, Henry T. Stains, must, in Oct, 24, 1861 ; not or 
Corp. Charles E. Applebaoh, must, in Oct, 24, 1861; 

Corp, David P. Harvey, mu 

1861; discharged, i 

1st Lieut. Daniel Ilenkle, I 

Sept, 26, 1861 ; ] 

Ifet Lieut. ,liiliii It, Pancoast, must, in Dec, 19, 1801 ; pro, from q,m, -sergt. 
t.i 2cl lii-ut Oct, 1, 1862, to 1st lieut, Dec. 21, 1862 ; com, capt, March 
1,1865; not must.; brev. capt April 9, 1865 ; must.out with com- 
pany June 28, 1865. 

2d Lieut. Benjamin F. Bare, must, iu Oct. 24, 1801 ; resigned Feb. 28, 

2d Lieut. Samuel B. Young, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; pro, from sergt, Feb. 

23, 1862; resigned Sept, 20, 1862. 
2d Lieut. Andrew J. Miller, must, in Oct, 24,1861 ; pro, to 2d lieut. May 

1, 1864 ; disch, on surg. certif. Dec. 7, 1864 ; vet. 
Ist Sergt, Enoch W. Edwards, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; pro. from sergt. 

May 1, 1864 ; com. 1st lieut, March 1, 1865 ; not must ; must, out 

with company June 28, 1865 ; vet. 
1st Sergt. William P. Ramsay, must, iu Oct. 24, 1861; died May 2, 1862, 

Sergt, James M. Walls, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; pro. from corp. June 3, 
1864 ; com. 2d lieut, March 1, 1865 , not must. ; must, out with com- 
pany June 28, 1865 ; vet. 

Sergt. G. Tate, must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; pro. from corp. Nov. 1 , 1864 ; must, 
out with company June 28, 1865 ; vet. 

Sergt. Samuel K. llicUs, must, in Dec. 19, 1801 ; pro, from Corp. Nov. 1, 
1861; must.out with cinpaiiy June 28, 1865; vet. 

Musician James E. Pool, must, in March 17, 1864; disch, on surg. certif. 
Jan. 4, 1865 ; died Oct. 2, 1864; buried iu Cypress Hill Cemetery, L. I. 

Musician Richard Carothera, must, in Feb. 23, 1804; trans, to Vet, Res. 
Corps Feb. 18, 1865; disch. by G. 0, July 29, 1865, 

Musician John M. Wallace, must, in Oct, 21, 1804 ; pro, to principal mu- 
sician, date unknown ; vet. 

Musician William A. McConahy, must, in Oct. 24, 1801 ; not on muster- 

Aurandt, John D,, must, in Dec. 19, 1801 ; must, out with company June 

28, 1865; vet. 
Applebach, John E,, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Alexander, H. T., must, in Oct. 24, 1861; not on muster-out roll. 
Adams, Robert, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Banks, John, must, in March 10, 1864; must, out with company June 

28, 1805, 
Barbin, John, must, in Oct. 24, 1861; disch. Oct. 24, 1863, expiration of 

Brade, John, must, in March 10, 1864; captured; died, date iinknown ; 

buried in Lawton National Cemetery, Millen, Ga. 
Barbin, Solomon, must, in Oct. 24, 1861; died Oct. 30, 1862 ; buried in 

Military Asylum Cemetery, D. C. 
Briggs, Adolphus E,, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; discharged at expiration of 


1 Oct. 24, 1861 ; t 


Cutcliull, Uichanl, 

20, 1804 ; (lisdi 

Coughenaur, I. K., 

Jiin. 17, 1804 ; prisoner from Jinis 
aotli, toilHto Fell. 17, 1*60. 
1 Oct. 24, ISOl ; ilisch. Oct. 24, 18G4, 

lilt. Jo 

W., I 


1 roll. 

, 1801 : 


Donnelly, John, must, in Dec. 19, 1801 ; must, out with compa 

28, 180.5. 
Dougherty, Ailolphus, nm^t. in Dec. 10, ISCl ; must, out with t 

June 28, 180.5. 
Dougherty, Thom,i.s must, in Oct. 24, 18CI ; disch. Oct. 23, 1804, 

Dunn, A. S., must 

Miller, David B., must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; disch. Oct. 23, 18G4, expiration 

Miller, Benedict S., must, in Oct. 24, ISOI ; tnins. to Vet. Re». Corps May 

4, 1864. 
Moore, Rohcrt B., must, in Sept. 5, 1804; pro. to Nov. 1, 

Miller, Moses, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; died, date unknown; buried in 

National Cemetery, Gettysburg, Pa., sec. B., grave 51. 
Miller, David R., must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Murliu, James M., must, in Oct. 24, 1S61 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Marlin, John, must, in Oct. 24, 1861; not on muster-out roll. 
McMahan, William, must, in Feb. 22, 1S64 ; must, out with comp.iny June 



Dec. 5, 1861 ; disch. Dec. 5, 1S64, e.\piration of term, 
t. in Oct. 24, 1861 ; trans, to Co. C, ISth Kegt. Vet. 
6, 1.S04 ; disch. by G. 0. July 19. 1S65; vet. 
. in Oct. 24, 1801 ; missing in action at Port Repub- 


n, John W., I 

Feb, 27, 1804 ; 
1 Feb. 27,1864; 


St. in Feb. 23,1804; 

it. in Feb. 29,1804; 

:ict. 24, 1861 ; not oi 
t. in Feb. 27, 1S04 ; 

1 Feb. 10,1804; mu 

; with company Ju 

ist. out with comjiany Jun 
out with company June 2> 


ew A., must, in Feb. 27, 1804 ; captured ; died at Ander- 
i., July 18, 1864; grave No. 3528. 
H., must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll, 
ust. in Oct. 24, 1861 ; must, out with company June 28, 

McKelvey, Joseph 1' 

June JS, 1S05. 
McCoy, William F., must, in Oct. 24, 1801 ; disch. Nov. 14, to date Oct. 

24, l.-'04, expiration of term. 
MrCracken, John, must, in Feb. 22, l.se4 ; disch. by G. 0. May 11, 1865. 
Mti ^lin, .J.ihn M., Feb. 27, 1864 ; died near Braudy Station, Va., 

Mi.ich 20, 1864. 

MrNiie, Jol iiuBt. in Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 

McKelvey, William J., must, in Oct. 24, 1801 ; not on muster-i.nt roll. 
McHugh, John. must, in Oct. 24, 1861; disch. on surg. certif. June 18, 

.John, must, in Oct. 24, 1801; no 

leorge A., must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; absent, sick, at must, out; vet. 

irge, must, in Feb. 23, 1864; wounded in action June 12. 1864 ; 

I. Sumuel B., must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; prisoner from M.iy 0, 1804, to 

\pril 23, 1805; must, out with company June 28, 1805. 

mon, Martin L., must, in Feb. 22,1864; must, out with company 

rune2S, ISOo; vet. 

, Laban J., must, in Feb. 22,1,864; missing in action at Spottsylvauia 

Mav 12 

, John 

. 24, ISOl ; 



ry, Is-oac, must, 
ly, Benjamin, i 

riper. Martin M.. must, in Feb. 19, 1864; must, out with company June 

■JS, 186.5; vet. 
Peters, Henry, must, in Feb. 22, 1864; wounded at Spottsylvania Court- 

Ilouse, Va., May 12, 1864 ; absent at must. out. 
Price, William H., must, in Oct. 24, 1861; disch. Oct. 23,1864, expiration 

Piper, Philip, must, i 
10, 1804; vet. 

. 19, 1861; killed near Petersburg, Va., Sept 

Parker, Elliott R., must, in Oct. 24,1861 ; died April 22, 1862. 

Pardonner, Jonathan E., must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; no 

Plympton, EJwiu, must, ill Oct. 24, 1861 ; missing in action at Port Ke- 

l.ublic, Va., June9, 1802. 
Palmer, Gratz H., must, in Oct. 21, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Quinii, John, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; disch. Oct. 23, 1864, expiration of 

, Michael, r 

24, 1861 ; not i 


Feb. 22, 1804 ; 

of term. 


4, to March 2, 

.S05; disch. June 19, 

10 dale from May 31, 



n, Irvine, mus 

in Oct. 24, 1801 ; no 

on mu<t 




Thomas M., 
10 28, 186.5. 

liust. in Feb. 22, IS 

4; must 


Vith CO 



ly, John, must 

in Doc. 19, 1861; wo. 

ndod with loss 

of leg 

.t Deep 


ttom, Va., Aug 

16, 1804; absent at 


; vet 


, Georgo W., n 

ust. in Oct. 24, 1801; 

disch. on 



May -,, 

1805 ; vet. 

Kyle, John M.,must. 

in Oct. 24,1801; tra 

ns. to Co 

D, 1 

th r..- 

,t. Vet, 


s. Corps; disci 

Oct. 24, 1804, expiration of t 



Levi, must, in 

Oct. 24, 1801: notou 




^h.,11,.-, W. R. 

must, in Oct. 24, Is 

01 ; wou, 


t Wib 


I.. ■■. i: 

«.M. „n,.t. i 

Dec. 19, ISOI; mus 

out wit 


pany J 

me 28,, 

Villiam JI., m 

St. in Oct. 24, 1861 ; 

ot on mi 


t roll. 


William B., mi 

St. in Oct. 24, 1801 ; 

ot on nil 


t roll., 

\daui A., must 

inOcl.24,lS01; not 

on must 



illiain H., mils 

.in Oct. 24, 1801; n, 

on mus 



, must, in Oct. 24, 1801 ; disch. Oct. 23, 1864, expiratioi 
Ruiik, Sanin.-l, must in Oct. 24, ISCl ; disch. Oct. 23, 1804, expiration o 

Rhinehart, John W.niiist in Jan. 1, 1802; disch. May 1, ISCo, to d.ate a 

expiialion of ti-ini. 
Ripple, Chri-lian L., must, in Aug. 20, 1801; disch. by G. 0. May 31 

Ruggles, Samuel, must, in Dec. 19, l.SCl ; killed in action May 19, 1864 


i I) , mi 

24, 1861 

ins W., must, in Feb. 22, 1864; I 
1 F., must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; must 

ivitU company . 

laii, Jacob, must, in Aug. 26, 1864; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 1865. 
, Jeiciuiah, must, in Oct. 24, 1801 ; died May 2.5, 1864; burial rec- 
, Blay 19, 1804 ; buried in National Cemetery Asylum, Va. ; vet. 
, Noah, must, in Feb. 27, 1804; died May 27 of wounds received 
I- 24, 1S04. 
Wesley L., must, in Oct. 24, 1S61 ; not on muster-out roll. 
, Klijih II,. most, ill Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 
. ,\inli..« s.. must, in Oct. 24, 1861; disch., date unknown. 
livid I... iiiiisl. in Oct. 24, 1861 ; died at Shirleysburp, Pa., Feb. 


Smitli, Richard, must, in Oct. 24, 1S61 ; not od muster-out roll. 
Smith, Thomna G., must, in Oct. 24, 1S61 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Smith, Daniel, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; died May 11, 1S63. 
Stevens, Benedict T., must, in Oct. 24, 1861; not on nmster-ont roll. 
Thompson, Asbury, must, in Feb. 26, 1864 ; must, out witli cumpany June 

28, 1805. 
Templeton, Richard C, must, in Sept. 2, 1861; disch. Nuv 2:i, to date 

Sept. 2, 1864. 
Trueax, George, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Wilson, James W., must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; captured ; disch. hy G. 0. May 

31,1865; vet. 
Wilfang, William, must, in Feb. 29, 1864; captured; died, date un- 

Corp. D. R. P. Swaney, must, in Feb. 27, 1864; pro. to Corp. Miirch 18, 
1805; must, out with company June 28, 1806; vet. 

Corp. A ndrew Border, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; pro. to corp. March, 1805 ; 
must, out with company June 28, 1805; vet. 

Crp- Williiim Kane, must, in Dec. 20, ISOU ; pro. to Corp. March 18, 1865 ; 


orp. April 30,1865; 
to Corp. April 31), 

Corp. George P. Kelly, must, in Feb. 27, 1804; pr 
1805; must, out with company June 28, 180.=i. 

Corp. John W. Smith, must, in Oct. 24, 1S61 ; disch. Oct. 24, 1864, expi- 
ration of term. 

Corp. David Price, must, in Oct. 24, 1801 ; disch. Oct. 24, 1804, expira- 


Walls, John H., must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; no 
White, Samuel, must in Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on musterou 
Zeltsh, Henry, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; disch. for wounds r 
Republic, Va., June9, 1802. 

Capt. E/.r;i 11. Brisbin, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; res. June 10, 1862. 
Capt.Jolui K K.Kiken.must. in Juue27, 1862; died Dec-ember 14th from 

wound.-i reciivml at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. 
Capt. Isaac T. Hamilton, must, in Dec. 5, 1861; pro. from 1st lieut. Co. 

D Dec. 14, 1802 ; ti. maj. Aug. 23, 1864. 
Capt. James C. Hamilt-jn, nmst. in Dec. 19, 1801 ; pro. from sergt. to 1st 

sirgt. Oct. 23, 1S04; to 1st lieut. Dec. 17, 1864; to capt. March 0, 

1805; must, out with company June 28, 1865; vet. 
Ist Lieut. George W. Burle.v, must, in Oct. 24, 1861; res. June 10, 1802. 
1st Lieut. H. C. H. Kay, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; pro. from 2d lieut. June 

[Oct. 24, 1861; kill, 
in Oct. 24,1861; kil 

;Deep Bottom, 


. Dec. 


1st Lieut. Charles Copelin 
K Dec. 20, 1S62; con 
Dec. 17, 1804. 

1st Lieut. Siimnel Kintey, 

, 1861 ; pro. from 1st i 


2d Lieut. .Mailin .M. .Maxwell, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; pro. from sergt. 

Dec. 20, 1862 ; com. 1st lieut. April 23, 1864; not mustered ; disch. 

onsurg. ccrtif. Oct. 21, 1864. 
1st Sergt. Tliomas G. Livingston, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; pro. from corp. 

to sergt. Oct. 23, 1864; to 1st sergt. March IS, 1865; com. 2d lieut. 

December, 1865; not mustered; must, out with company June 28, 

1865; vet. 
1st Sergt. James C. Bell, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; disch. Oct. 24, 1864, ex- 
piration of term. 
1st Sergt. Samuel Tobias, must, in Oct. 24, 1861; pro. from sergt.; 

wounded at Port Republic, Va., Juue 9, 1802; killed at Gettysburg, 

Pa.. July 3, 1863. 
Sergt. David C. Lane, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; pro. to corp. April 12, 1864; 

to seigt. Oct. 25, 1864; must, out witli company June 28, 1865. 
Sergt. Benjamin Shoemaker, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 : pro. to corp. Oct. 24, 

1864; to sergt. March IS, 1865; must, out with company June 23, 

1865: vet. 
ergt. Jolin W. Plummer, must, in Oct. 24, 1861; pro. to Corp. Oct. 24, 

1864, to sergt, March 18, 1865; must, out with company Juue 28, 

1805; vet. 
Sergt. William H. H. Shin 

1866; to sergt. Junel, 

Sergt. John Moore, must. 

in Oct. 24, 1861 ; pro. to corp. Jan. 1, [ 
St. out with company June 28, 1865 ; 1 

1, 1861 ; disch. Oct. 24, 1864, expira- 

Sergt. Charles Andrews, must, in Oct. 24, 1861; disch. Oct. 24, 1864, ex- ' 
piration of term. | 

Sergt. Samuel B. Schwartz, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; pro. to q m.-sergt. 
June 1,1805; vet. 
I Sergt. Simon B. Stonerook, must, in Oct. 24, 1861; trans, to 59th Co., 2d 
i Batt., Vet. Res. Corps, March 9, 1865; disch. by G. 0. Aug. 5, 1806 ; ,' 

I Sergt. Ambrose K. Taylor, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; killed at Deep Bottom, | 
i Va., July 27, 1864 ; vet. 

I Sergt. William Ralston, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; disch. date unknown. 

. Sergt. Alexander Croft, must, in Oct. 24, 1801 ; died at Bedford, Pa., Feb. 

Corp. John A. Beegle 

in Feb. 27, 1 

Corp. George W. Maxwell, m 

Va., July 27, 1804. 
Corp. Thomas J. Greenland, 

Va., May 6, 1864. 
Corp. George W. Smith, must, in Aug. 16, 1802; killed 

Va., June IS, 1864. 
Corp J.iseph Gates, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on muste 
Corp. Gcrge L. Hartman, must, in Oct. 24, 1801; mil 

Abbott, Amos, must, in Feb. 25, 1864 ; absent, sick, at muster out. 

Aimaker, John, must, in July 16, 1864; drafted; must, out with com- 
pany June 28, 1865. 

AfBesback, George, must, in March 6,1865; must, out with company 
June 28, 1865. 

Atwell, John, must, in Feb. 19, 1864; disch. by S. 0. June 27, 1804. 

Andrews, William A., must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; killed at Wilderuess, Va., 
May 7, 1864. 

Andrews, Charles, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; missing in aclion at Port Re- 
public, Va., June 9, 1862. 

Allen, William, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 

Brooks, Jonas W., must, in Dec. 19, 1861; must. out with company Jun« 
28, 1865 ; vet. 

Broombaugh, F. M., i 

Banks, John, must, i 

Bowman, Daniel H., must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; died September 27th (burial 
record Sept. 15, 1864) of wounds received at Deep Bottom, Va., July 
27, 1864; buried in National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.; vet. 

Bailey, John, must, in July 16, 1864 ; killed in action Oct. 22, 1804. 

Beard, George W., must, in Feb. 25, 1864. 

Bulger, Andrew, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 

Blake, Samuel, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; disch. date unknown. 

Border, John S., must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 

Blake, Thomas, must, in Oct, 24, ISOI ; disch. date unknown. 

Bowman, r:, ,'. ' hki-i i'. O i IM.TiCl, ,,,,1 ,,, niust.T troll. 

Border, .I-l,: -i, :•:••■ II -'■! . i,,,^ !• m', -,i-i -out roll, 

Blake. > I i , - ■ I, ,■ ' , !,i-viiti..ll. 

Coble, J, ill 11, -1, i:, li, 1', IM,1 ; niii^t ,u: anii cumpaii.i .lune 28, 

180.-I ; v,.t. 

Chilcoat, nilany, must, in Feb. 25, 1864; must, out with cmipanv June 
28, 1865. 

Chilcoat, Isaac, must, in Feb. 26, 1864 ; absent, sick, at loustci out. 

Copelin, Isaiah, must, in Feb. 26, 1864 ; must, out with cnipauy June 
28, 1805. 

Castner, John W., must, in Oct. 24,1861 ; disch. Oct, 24, lsi;4, csi.iration 

Cramer, Jacob, must, in Oct. 24, 1801; not on muster-out roll. 
College, David, must, in Oct. 24, 1861; not on muster-out roll. 
College, James, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; died at Yellow Creek, Pa,, May 

College, John W., must, in Oct. 24, 1861: died March 24, of wounds 

received at Winchester, Va., March 23, 1862. 
Carpenter, David, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on nmster-out roll. 
Davis, John N., must, in Oct. 24, 1801 ; disch. Oct. 24, 1804, expiration 

of term. 
Dively, John, must, in Feb. 25, 1804; captured; died at Aiidcisimville, 

Ga., Aug. 31, 1804, grave 7360. 
ILavis, Porter B , must, in Oct. 24, 1801 ; not on muster-uut roll. 


: with rompaoy June 28, 

Everhart, David L., must, in Oct. 24, ISCI ; not ( 

Fackler, Samuel, must, in Feb. 27, 1864; must, out with company Jn 

26, 1SB5, vet. 
Fisliel, George W., nnist. in Oct. 24, ISCI ; disch. Oct. 2-4, 1S64, expi 

Fitzharris, Michael, niusl. in Oct. 24, 18C1 ; trans, to Co. A, S4tb Kegt. 

Ferguson, John, must, iu Oct. 24, 1801 ; killed at Winche8te^, Va., 

March 2:i, 1»62. 
Fluke, Oliver, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; disch. June 28, 1S62. 
Garrett, Albert T., must, iu March 19, 1864; must, out with com|iauy 

June 28, 1865. 
Gaily, Joseph, must, in Feb. 27, 1.^64 ; must, out with company Juno 28, 

Garrett, John C, must, iu Oct. 24, l.^Gl ; prisoner from June 1 to Dec. 

10, IS64; disch. by G. 0. June 9, ISUJ; vet. 
Gilson, Jackson, must, in Sept. 16, 1SG4; disch. by G. O. May 31, 1865. 
Gates, Martin, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Gates, Samuel, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; died at Cumberland, Md., March 



iiy, James, must, i 

u Oct. 24, 


1 ; died 1 

it Harris 


Pa., Jun» 



, James, must, in 

March i; 

i. 18G2; dr<.] 

,|.ed fro 

m roll 

s Dec. 31, 




, George W., must 
.e 2, 1865. 

. in Feb. : 

-, ; 

lsr4: w 



. by G. 0. 



, Henry, must, in 

Oct. 24, 1861 ; 

must, c 

lUt with 

company Juno 


William H., mus 

t. in Dec. 


1861; I 


t with 


Juue2S, 1865; vet. 
Pearson, Francis, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Ualston, David E., must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; killed at Chancellorsville, Va., 

May 3, 1863. 



June 28, 1S65. 
^ney. William S., must, in March 5, 1864; trans. U 

Vet. Res. Corps.; disch. on surg. certif. June 2, It 
ton, Jonathan A., must, in Feb. 27, 1864 ; must c 


Harwood, Richard, must, in Oct. 24, 1S61 ; ni 

28, 1865 ; vet. 
Micks, Jackson, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; disch. Jan. 15, 

th company June 

Ilartman, J. P. C, must, in Oct. 24, 1861; prisoner from June 1, 1S64, to 

April 28, 1805 ; disch. May 30, to date May 16, 1865; vet. 
llulsing.-r. J.jsiah, must, in Oct. 24, 1861; prisoner from June 1, 1864, to 

\l.iil --, ]-■■ . .Ii~ ii II, .V :;ii, t.i date May 16,1865. 
II -. 1 Ii 7, 1864; disch. by G.O.May 19,1865. 

II .i \ .1 , :i; : . o. 1. 24, 1861; disch. April 25, 186.5, for 

IMlzill, J„i,atliari l>., in Oct. 24, 1801; k 

May 6,1864; vet. 
Helm, Edward, must, in Dec. 19, 1861. 
Hamilton, John C, must, in Oct. 4, 1864; disch. 
Hart, Thomas, must, in Feb. 18, 1804 ; not on a 
Irwin, James, must, iu Oct. 24, 1801 ; must, oul 



Oct. 24, ISCl ; must, out witli company Ju 

lues, must, in Fell. 27,1864; prisoner; died at .\ndersonvil 

Jet. 31, 1864; burial record tict. 13, 1864, grave 10,873. 

u, Thomiui, must, iu Oct. 24, 1801 ; died at Stoneman's Switi 

Miuiniiiig.r, Jaoib, must, in Sept. 4, 1862; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps 

March 2,5, 1SC5. 
Miller, lleZHkiali, must, in Feb. 28,1864; died at Washington, D. C, 

.22,1864; died of wounds re 
' Cemetery, Brattleboro', Vt 

Speer, William H., must, in March 19,1864; mnst. out with company 

June 28, 1866, 
Shoemaker, Austin, must, in Oct. 24, 1801 ; prisoner from June 23, 1864, 

to April 2.1, 1805; disch. by G. 0. June 16, 1865; vet. 
Smith, Samuel H., must, iu Feb. 25, 1804; disch. on surg. certif. June 15, 

Stonerook, Aaron B., must, in Feb 27, 1804; trans, to Co. I, 18th Regt. 
Vet. Res. Corlis, Nov. 29, 1864; dis.h. by G. 0. Aug. 1, 1865. 

Stout, Richard F., must, in Sept. 3, 1864 ; disch. by G. 0. June 9, 1866. 

Smith, David S., must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 

Seabrooks, George, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 

Sclimittle, George, must, in June 18, 1862; disch., date unknown. 

Straley, James, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; disch. June 25, 1862. 

Telwiler, William, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; disch Oct. 24, 1864, eipiration 
of term. 

Thumi)son, David, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; captured ; died at Lynchburg, 
Va., July 12, 1864; burial record, died July 23, 1864; buried in Pop- 
lar Grove National Cemetery, Petersburg, Va., division E, section E, 

Tetwiler, Jacob, must, in Oct. 24, 1861; not on muster-out roll. 
Tasker, George, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; not on musler-out mil. 
Wilt, Silas D., must, in Feb. 29, 1864; must, out with conipany June 28, 

Wil.-un, James A., must, in Jan. 14, 1865 ; mnst. out with comi.any June 

Wallac, Samuel G., must, in Dec. IS, 1803; disch. ou surg. certif. N..V. 

25, 1S64. 
Wi.ndwanl, James .\., must, iu Jan. 21, 1865 ; trans, to Cainj) Chase, Ohio, 

Wnoilmck, Clark, must, in Feb. 27, 1864; killed at S.aiIor's Creek, Va., 6, 1865. 
Woollel, Sylvester B., must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; n< 
Young, Edwin, must, in Oct. 24, 1801; not on n 
Tunng, George N., must, in Oct. 24, ISOl ; not c 

; roll. 

: roll. 

Capt. Samuel L. Huyett, must, iu Aug. 23, 1801 ; res. Dec. 20, 1862. 
Capt. John B. File, must, in June 28, 1862 ; com. lieut.-col. May 5, 1865 ; 

not mustered; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 186.5. 
1st Lieut. Isaac T. Hamilton, mnst. in Dec. 5, 1861 ; pro. to cai>t. Co. C 

Dec. 14, 1862. 
Ist Lieut. Jacob B. Meily, must, iu Aug. II, 1862; disch. by G. O. May 

2d Lieut. Henry 0. Weaver, must, in Aug. 31, 1S61 ; res. June 16, 1862. 
2d Lieut. Ephraim Burket, must, in Dec. 19, 1801 ; pro. from hosp. steward 

July 12, 1862; com. capt. Aug. 9, 1862; res. Dec. 20, 1862. Rapp, must, in Oct. 24, 1862; pro. to Corp. Dec. 1,1864; 

to sergt. June 1, 1865; mnst. out with company June 28, 1865. 
1st Sergt. John M. Skelly, must, in Dec. 19,1861; pro. to lieut. Co. B 

Dec. 10, 1802. 
Sergt. Isaac Lute, must, in Oct. 24,1862; pro. to sergt. June 1,1865; 

must, out with company June 28, 1865. 
Sergt. Emauuel Biallier, must, in Sept. 20, 1862; pro. from Corp. Dec. 1, 

1864; com. cai't. May 14, 1865; not mustered; disch, by G. 0. May 



. Zeller, ; 

Aug. 21, 1861 ; disfh. by G. 0. May 3 
iBt. in Aug. 20, 1SG2 ; pro. to corf. Mhic 
1862; pro. to sergt. Dec. 

Sergt. George B. Goocierham, mue 

1, 1864; disch. by 0. 0. May 31. 186; 
Sergt. Smitb McDonald, must, in July 

1864 ; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 1865. 
Sergt. Williiiin Y. Taylor, must, in .Tune 28, 1862; pro. to Corp. March 

1, ISC.4, t.) sergt. Dec. 1, 1864; discli. by G. 0. May 31, 1865. 
Sergt. F. G. Airowsniith, must, in July 23, 1862; trana. to V.'t. Res. 

Corps Nov. 30, 1864; disch. by G. 0. June 24, 1865. 
Sergt. Robert Stewart, must, in Due. 19, 1862 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Sergt. David V. Stewart, must, in Dec. 19, 1862; trans, to Co. B. 
Sergt. John Donnelly, must, in Dec. 19, 1862 ; trans to Co. B. 
Sergt. Benjamin Huyett, must, in Dec. 19, 1862; not on muster-out roll. 
Corp. Merriam Lee, must, in Oct. 24, 1S62; pro. to Corp. June 1, 1865; 

must, out with company June 28, 1865. 
Corp. Isaac Bates, must, in Dec. 23, 1862; pro. to Corp. June 1, 1865; 

must, out with company June 28, 1865 
Corp. John J. Brunner, must, in Sept. 2, 1862, disch by G May 31, 

Corp. Andrew Bitzer, must, in Sept. 2, 1862; disch by G 0. Hay 31, 

Corp. Silas M. Wherry, must, in Sept. 20, 1862; disch by G 0. May 31, 

Corp. John Keyser, must, in June 10, 1862 ; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 1865. 
Corp. Jacob Waltz, must, in Sept. 20, 1862 ; pro. to Corp. Dec. 1, 1864 ; 

disch. by G. 0. May 31, 1865. 
Corp. George A. Deitrick, must, in Sept. 20, 1862; pro. to Corp. March 

1, 1865; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 1865. 
Corp. George F. Harrington, must, in Sept. 13,1862 ; pro. to Corp. March 

1, 1865 ; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 1865. 
Corji. Benjamin F. Martin, must, in Dec. 19, 1861; trans, to Co. B. 
Corp. George W. Lathero, must, in Dec. 19, 1861; not on muster-out 

Corp. Jolin A. Plympton, must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; trans, to Co. B. 

Corp, Lewis G. .Stewart, must, in Dec. 19, 18G1 ; trans, to Co. B. 

Corp. Joseph T. Eoller, must, in Doc. 19, 18G1 ; not on muster-out roll. 

Corp. James C. Hamiltcm, must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; trans, to Co. C. 

Corp. Johu Carothers, must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 

Corp. George G. Tate, must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; trans, to Co. B. 

Musician J.iraeB W. Daily, must, in Aug. 20, 1862; disch. by G. 0. May 

Musician Patrick McEi 
May 31, 1865. 

Ily, must, in June 28, 1862; disch. by G. 0. 
Buthind, must, in Dec. 19, 18G1 ; not 

Oct. 29,1862; 

s-ith . 

iipany June 

28, 1865. 

Aurandt, John D., must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; trans, to Co. B. 

Adami, William H., must, in Dec. 19, 1864; not on muster-out roll. 

Bitzer, Henry, must, in Sept. 13, 1SC2; disch. by G. 0. July 5, 1865. 

Blackstock, David, must, in Srpt. :)ii, l.sfi2; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 186.5. 

Bryant, Martin, must, in Sept. :ill, 1S02 ; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 1865. 

Blench, Samuel, must, in July 7, iM'.i; .lisch. by G. 0. June 10, 1865. 

Books, Jonas W,, must, in Her ]■•. l-<] . n -n- i.. (V.. C. 

Black, William, must, in Dee 1", i I ,, : n :,ui,ier-out roll. 

Butler, Abram S., must, in He. !■ ll, : I: I mie 14, 1862. 

Blatt, Georges., must, in Dee. I'l, 1-el , ,i..| .n nniaier-out roll. 

Baker, Samuel C, must, in Dec. 19, ISi.l ; died at Winchester, Va., April 

27, 1862. 
Baker, David S., must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; disch. for wounds rec. at Win- 

cliester, Va., March 23, 1862. 
Benuer, David H., must, in Dec. 19, 1801 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Benner, Henry, must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; not nn muster-out roll. 
Benner, Thomas, must in Dec, 19, 1861 ; disch. on surg. cerlif. 
Butler, John, must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Barnes, John A., must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; trans, to Co. A. 
Brown, Alfred, must, in Dec. 19, 1861; not on muster-out roll. 
Coleman, Morris W., must, in Sept. 13, 1802 ; disch. by G. O. May 31, 

Cody, Stephen, must, in Aug. 26, 1862; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 1865. 
Cobaugh, Daniel W,, must, in Aug. 1, 1862 ; disch. by G. 0. July 1 1, 1865. 
Cooper, John B., must, in March 26, 1862; trane. to Vet. Res. Corps Not. 

30, 1864; disch. April 21, 1865. 

Dinges, William J., n 

1S64; discli. by C 
Daily, Francis, must. 
Dunkel, Jacob, mils 

Va., May 3, 1803 
Dresser, Robert, mus 

disch. by G. 0. Ji 
Dunlap, John M., mi 

28, 1865. 
Downey, Jacob, musi 
Dougherty, Thomas, 
Dougherty, Adolphui 
Ege, John W., must. 
Evans, Henry, must. 

Dec. 19, 1861 ; trans, to Co. C, no date. 
t. in Dec. 19, 1861 ; trans, to Co B, no date, 
iiust. in Dec. 19, 1861: pro. to adjt. Aug. 12, 1863. 
ust. in Aug. 11, 1862 ; wounded in action Sept. 22, 
. O. May 31, 1866. 

in Aug. 13, 1862; absent, sick, at muster out. 
. in Sept. 19. 1862; wounded at CliancelloreTille, 
absent at muster out. 
:. in Aug. 21, 1862; wounded in action Oct. 8, 1864; 
ine 6, 1865. 
St. in Oct. 29, 1862; must, out \ 

in Aug. 1, 1862 ; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 1865. 
mist, in Dec. 19, 1862 ; trans, to Co. B, no date. 
must, in Dec. 19, 1862; trans, to Co. B, no date, 
n Aug. 7, 1862 ; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 1865. 
n Aug. 13, 1862; disch. on surg. certif. Aug. 29, 

It. in Aug. 13, 1802; disch. by G. O. May 31, 1866. 
. in Dec. 19, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 

Dec. 19, 1861 ; disch. June 18, 1862. 
:. in Dec. 19, 1861 ; disch., no date. 
St. in J.ui. S, 18112 ; disch. Jan. 18, 1865. 

i'l - I I : I, I-. J; trans, to Co. D, 9th Hegt. Vet. 
: I- ; i' - (:. o. July 5, 1865. 

\ G. 0. July 6, 1865. 

I I I ' .1-1 M.i.v 31,1865. 

Huston, James, must, in Dec. 19, 1861; not on uiuster-ont roll. 

Hicks, James, must, in Deo. 19, 1861 ; disch. June 20, 1862. 

Hicks, Samuel K., must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; trans, to Co. B, no date. 

Huling, James S , in Dec. 10, 1861 ; not on I 

Hanmn, Peter, must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; not c 

Hutton, Frank A., must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; disch. June 12, 1862. 

Keith, William, must, in Sept. 20, 1862 ; disch. by G. 0. June 9, 1865. 

Keith, Jacob J., must, in Sept. 20, 1862 ; discli. by G. 0. May 26, 1865. 

Keith, Jeremiah, must, in Oct. 24, 1862 ; trans, to Co. D, 9th Begt. Vet. 
Res. Corps, Dec. 27, 1864; disch. by G. O. July 20, 1805. 

Kinley, Samuel. 

Kinilin, Anthony, must, in Dec. 19,1861; disch. March 27th for wounds 
rec. at Winchester, Va., March 23, 1862. 

Kennedy.Johnston, must, in Dec. 19, 1861; not on muster-out roll. 

Knode, Thomas, must, in Oct. 24, 1861 ; trans, to Co. 0, no date. 

Knode, John, must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; not on mnster-out roll. 

Kennedy, Jolin, must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; trans, to Co. B, no date. 

Lake, Charles H., must in Sept. 30, 1862; absent, sick, at muster out. 

Lister, Samuel, must, in Oct. 29, IKiB; disch. Aug. 7, 1864, for wounds 
rec. at Chancellorsville, Va., Jlay 3, 1863. 

Littlefleld, Horatio, must, in Aug. 28, 1S62; disch. by G, 0. June 9, 1865. 

Lc, Edward, must, in Dec. 19. 1861 ; trans, to Co. B, no date. 

Lynn, Peter, must, in Dec. 19, 1861; missing in action at Port Republic, 
Va., June 9, 1862. 

Moore, James, must, in Aug. 21, 1862; wounded at Boydton Plank- 
Road, Va., Oct. 27, 1864 ; disch. by G. 0. May 26, 1865. 

Miller, Josejih P., must, in Oct. 24, 1862; must, out with company Jan. 

lindedat Boydton Plank-Road, 

28, 1865. 

Mock, George, must, in July 24, 

Va., Oct. 27, 1864 ; absent at muster out. 

Martin, James, must, in Aug. 13, 1862; disch. by G. 0. 

Miller, John A., must, in July 7, 1862 ; disch. by (i. 0. . 

Mcuintain, Frank, must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; not v 

Miller, George, must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; 

Mnsser, John ]!., must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; trans, to Co. B, no date. 

Mulh.dlen, Thomas, must, in Deo. 19, 1861 : missing in action at Pi 
Republic, Va., June 9, 1862. 
I Miller, Henry E., must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; not on mnster-out roll. 
I Moore, Luther W., must, in Dec. 19, 1S61 ; disch. June 21, 1862. 

Moore, Robert B., must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; not on mustcr.out roll 
I Miller, Jacob, must, in Dec. 19, 1861 ; not on muster-out roll. 
j McDonald, Simon, must, in Oct. 24, 1862 ; must, out with company Ju 

28, 186.'-|. 

an. Charles, must. 
! 28, 1805 ; vet. 

March 12, 1862; must. 


McAnulty, Michael, must, in Sept. .'O, 18C2 ; .lisch. on siiri:. rertif. July First Serpt. David W. Smythe, must, in Feb. 1, 1SC4 ; pro. to Corp, June 

21, 1S04. 6, 18M, to sergt. Jan. 1, ISG.^;, to Ist sergt. June 1, ISC.-j; com. 1st 

McCormick, John, must, in Aug. 2, lSG-2; killed ut Itoydton Plank-UoaU, lieut. Jan. 12, 18C5 ; not mustered ; must, but with company June 

Va., Oct. 27, 18G4. 28, U&. 

MoMullin, John, must, in Dec. lil, 18G1 : killed ut Winchester, Va., i First .Sergt. John H. Ermine, must, in Sept. .5, 18C2 ; pro. to Ist sergt. 

March 23, lsn2. Jan. 1, 1805; disch. l.y G. 0. May 31, 1805. 
McCarthy, Miles \V., must, in Dec. 19, ISOl ; tnins. to Co. B, no date. First Sergt. George Herrick, must, in Sept. 3, 1802; died of wounds re- 
McDonald, Sauiuel, must, in Dec. 10, 1801 ; not on muster-out roll. ceived at Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, 1803 ; buried in National Ceme- 
Noel, John A., must, in Sept. 20, 1SG2 ; out with company June tery, sec. B, grave 49. 

28, 1SC.T. Sergt. Solomon Beyer, must, in Sept. 10,1802; pro. to Corp. Nov. 10, 

Newton, James, must, in March 1.';, 1S02; tinns. to r«, C, no date. 1802; to sergt. Sept. 11, 1803; disch. July 1, to date June 20, 1805. 

Oxenforil, William, mu-t. In JmI> Ji 1-J m • 1 died Dec. 22, 1SC4, , Sergt. James, must, in Oct. 11, 1802; pro. to corp. July 1, 1864, 

on transport "Baltic;" buiii I I ]■■ i-l. I to sergt. June 1, 180.1; must, out with company June 28, 1SG5. 

Orner, George A , must, in Dec 1,' 11 i ' ,, is, no date. Sergt. Michael Fetlier, must, in Sept. 10, 1802; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 

Patterson, John, must, in Sept. J I. 1" : . Ii h !> >'■ O. May 31, 1805. Isr,'.. 

Pearson, William, in .Sept. I'.i. ISf.J; disrli. livG.O. May 31, 1S05. .<,!jl \\.:;ii,i\ II li>,i,. -■ n-il , 1802 ; pro. to sergt. Dec. 15, 

Perily, Samuel, must, in Dec. 19, 1801, not on muster-out roll. 11 I, -, i M,. 1 

Phuster, 11., nnist. in Dec. Ill, ISUl ; tran.s. to C... C, no date. s, , . li . . 1 , : - r 1~, 1802; disch, Sept. 20, for 

Pancoast, Julm It., mii-t. iTi Pec. 19, l.sill; jno, to q.m.-sergt,, no date, « - ,mi1, I ..- .; , ,t w ,: 1 ,,nss, Va,, May 0,1804, 

I'ip.-r, l'liili|.. iHu~t, iij n..- IIP, IMll ; lr;Hi~. to Go. B, uo date, S^rgt, Sunnn-l, miisl. in S.^pt. 2s, lSfi2; trans, to Vet, Res, Corps 

i.iiniiii, l-liii, tim-i [li n, I ji. iN,,i , i,,,,,, to Co, B, no dale, Janu.ary, ISG.J; disch. by G. 0. June 30, 18G5. 

Ku--' 11, '1 --. iiiu-t in lirr, Jl, |M,l . ,li„l,.l,y G. 0. Aug. 26, 1805. ^ Sergt. Frank A. Liiis, must, in Nov. 24, 1862; trans, to Vet, Res, Corps; 

l!a-"., Kiln, ti, inn. t iiL .\ir.; J: i, I Mij ; .lisrii l.y O. 0. Hay 31, 1805. 1 nodate, 

llu.l..lli|i. A.l nil. inn-l. Ill .Iiiiir J-. Isn. ; ,li,>l, liy i;. 0, May 31, 1805. Corp. Jacob R. Bossert, must, i 

li:.;;i.i, .L.i.lnn > . inii-t. i ii .-. |.i ji i. l.M, - ,ii.,i,, l.y 1 1. 0. June U, 1805. 1803; wounded at Spottsylv 

K>'"|I"'M. !■ iMi.iist, in .Inly JJ. l.silj ; iIimIi. h.v (;, 0. May 31, 1805. I disch. by G. 0. July 12,1805. 

Rajiii, James A., must, in i K t. 2.., l.-sii2; died at .Viinapolis, Mil., Dec. 10, ' Corp. Cyrus Valentine, must, in Sept. 3, 1862; pro. to .orp. A 

1S64. I 1864 ; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 1805. 

Ramsay, James, must, in Dec. 19, 18G1 ; not on muster-out roll. ' Corp. James Harding, must, in Sept. 12, 1862 ; disch. by O. O. Jo 

must, in Dec. 19, ISCA ; tians. to Co. B, no date. 

. iiin-i in 11. . in, I.Mil , wounded at Winchester, Va,, 


\ inu.i r m l-nl ; trans, to Co, B, no date, 

. uin-i in ,1,1, 1, I-n:. iraus, toCo, B, no date, 

V, must, in July 23, 1S02 ; wounded at Spottsylvania 

May 12, 1804 ; absent at muster out, 

ist, in Aug, 12, 1862; disch, by li. 0. May 31, 18G5. 

Mn., ,n 1 1 .. .: ; 

Anderson, Sample 
Baker, Heury N„ 


absent at muster out, Brannen, William, must, in Feb, 29,1864; must, out with company June 
Slagen, Charles, must, in Aug, 28, 1802; ilisili. I,y I": (). .Inn,- 21,,5. 28,1805, 

Stewart, Oliver J,, must, in Oct. 29, 1862 ; must ,.iit with ,,,iniKiiiy June Hurley, David, must, in Sept, 3, 1802; wounded at Wilderness, Va., May 

128, 1805, 6, ISG4; disch, by G, 0, May 31, 1805, 

Saltseiver, John, must, in Sept. 20, 1S02; disch, by G. O. May 31, 1SG5, Brnbaker, Jacob, must, in Sept.S, 1802; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 1SG5, 
Su.vder, Daniel, must, in Deo, 19, ISGl ; not on muster-out roll, j Bratton, John D., must, in Sept 3, 1S02 ; disch, by O, 0, May 31, 1865, 

Swope. Cyrus r;,, must, in Dec, U), ISGl ; not on muster-out roll. Baker, Thomas J„ must, in March 17, 1804; disch, on surg, certif. 

, Corps Ja 

Bell, Lemon, must, i 

Court-IIuiisf, \:, 

Beegle, Henry W . . 

Batt., Vel. lies r.nj.-; I,., h 1., i; II .lime 2:1. ISG.-i, I ary, 1803, 

Young, Willi. nil, iiiii-t III .\ne Jl, Isnj ; <lis, I, l,y 1; (). May ,31, 1865, Bailey, William T,, must, in Sept, 3, 1862; disch. on surg. certif. 



A Oct. 1 

1,1802; res. Mav2.s 

Capt. Francii 

, Cassidy, nuist. in 

Jan. 1, ; 

l,SG3; to capt. July 

li, 1, l,y 1; 0. May 29, 1865. , Boyles, William T., must, in Sept. 3, 1S02; disch. February. 1863. 

.1 ,.ii imi...ter-ont roll. Cassiday, George E., must, in Feb. 29, 1804; must, out with company 
June 28, 1805. 
Crayton, John A., must, in Jan. 30, 1864 ; aciidenlally wounded ; absent 

Cuchran, Peter, must, in Feb. 27, 1804 ; wounded at Bnydton I'lank-Road, 
iOJ; Jirii fnmi 2,1 In 1st lieut. Va., Oct. 27, 1864; must, out with comp.any June 28. 1865. 

disch. on Biir^, eerlif, llec. 3, ( '..wen, Itobert, must in March 1,1804; must, out with company June 

1804. ' 28,1805. 

Capt. Frank B, Stewart, must, in Sept, 10, 1862; pro. from 1st sergt. to Cowen, Thomas, must, in March 30,1364; killed at Wilderness, Va„ May 

2d lieut. July 1, 1863, to Ist lieut, July 8, 1804, to capt, Dec, 24, ' 0, 1804, 

1804, to major May U), 1865, I Creamer. Amns A„ must, in Sept, 9. 1802; died of wounds received at 

Capt. Jacob Beckhart. no dale of muster; pro. from 1st sergt. to 1st j Chaucidlor.sville, Va., May 3, 1803. 

lieut. J. Ml I, In . .i,,l. June 10, 1.SG5; must, out June 28, 1865, Cowen, William, must, in 1862; killed at Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, 
First Lieut. J,, 111. r.Uei. II, nnist. in Dec. 27, 1861 ; res. Dec. 18, 1862. 1 1863. 

First Lieut. I'iidi. k F 11.. I Ian, I, must, in Aug. 31. 1801; pro, from corp, | Dougherty. John, must, in Sept, 18, 1862; wounded at Chancellorsville, 

Co, F Dee. l.s, ISOl; inissiMg since June 30, 1802, Va„ May 3, 1S03; disch. by G, O, May 31, 1805, 

First Lieut. 11. Jolly, 11111,1 111 o, t 1:;, ls,,2; pr... 1,. ii.ljt. Jan. Davidson, John W„ must, in Oct, 11, 1802; com. 2d lieut. Jan, 12, 1805; 

1, 1863. not mustered ; pro, to hosp, steward June 1, 1805. 

First Lieut. J.,l,n W. Manning, must, m .-'i-i,!, 3, lsi,j; pi,,, t,. 2,1 Ii,ut. Davis, Peter, must, in .•<ept, 3, 1862; killed at Deep Bottom, Va.. Aug. 

May II, 1.S63. to 1st lieiii. .1,111. 1, isr,4; killed at Sp,) Ivania ' 16,1864. 

Court-IIniise, Va., May 12, IsiH. . Duncan. Daviil U.. musl. iu Sent. 23, 1802: absent, sick, al mu.ster out. 


Dixon, James, must, in Sept. 2.% ISG'J; ( 
Empfleld, Tlionms S., must, in Feb. 20, 1 

Koad, Va., Oct. 27, 1864 ; must, out 
Edmunson, Lisle, must, in Sept. 9, 18( 

May 6, 1864; discli. by G. 0. May a 
Evans, Llewllyn, must, in Sept. 18, ISO; 
Fry, John, must, in Sept. .5, 1SG2; won 

1863; disch. by 0. 0. May 31, ISf,",. 
Funk, Harrison, must, in Sept, In l-i-: n 1, TNl. 1, 1802. 
Gate.s, riiilip, must, in Sept. :', I - >i , , h I, ISM. 

Glasgow. Taylor, must, in S<i I - h.^ unknown. 

Huntsbarger, S., must, in SI:ii. h 1,1 1; .v .nn.l.a at Wilderness, Va., 

May C, 1864; absent, in hospital, al mutter out. 
Hencli, Henry, must, in Feb. 2:i, 1SG4; must, out with company June 

2S, 1866. 
Hemphill, Joseph D., must, in Feb. 0, 1864; disch. by G. 0. June 7. 1S65. 
Haslet, Jiimes, must, in Sept. 3, 1S02 ; absent, sick, at muster out. 
Hollen, William S., must, in Aug. 28, 1862 ; disch. by G. 0. May 31,1865. 
Henderson, Samuel T., must, iu Sept. 12, 1802; disch. by G. 0. May 26, 

Hnnsbarger, David, must, in March 1, 1864; disch. by G. 0. May 29, 1865. 
Henderson, John .\., must, in Sept, 9, 1862; trans, to Vet. Res, Corps Jan. 

Harper, Samuel G., must, in Oct. 11, 1S62; killed at Petersburg, Va., 

Sept. 211, 1864. 
Hamilton, Joseph S., must, in Sept. 3, 1862; died of wounds received at 

Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, 1863. i 

Hayden, Palrick, nnist. in Sept. 3, 1862 ; captured ; died at Richmond. ] 

Va., September 7th, of wounds ; burial record, died at Macon, Ga. 
Hook, Andrew B., must, in Sept. 3, 1S62; killed at Chancellorsville, Va. 

May 3, 1863. 
Irwin, James, must, in March 10, 1864 ; must, out with company June 

28, 1805. 
Krise, John M., must, in Feb. 22, 1804; disch. by S. 0. July 16, I8G4. 
Knepper, Heiiry S , must in Sept 1?, l,S6i : absent, sick, at muster out. 
Kelly, Willi, nil A , iMii-t 111 1,1, jj lsi;l; missijig in action at Spott- 

sylviiiiLi , ,,int-ll,,M^„, \,i , 11,,,. 1 ,', l^iH. 
Kinsel.ll, niv .M.. iini.i ni >, | I ,i, l-.,.!; killed at Gettysburg, Pa., July 

3, 186,i; boned in iMit. l-ein., section C, grave 13. 
Kinsel, Tbomas, must, iu ^=ept 9, 1862; disch. February, 1863. 
Lambright, Samuel, must, in Feb. 20, 1864; must, out with company 

June 28, 1866. 
Leighty, Joseph, must, in Sept. 3, 1862 ; disch. April 16, 1865, for wounds 

received at Wilderness, Va., May Ij, 1864. 
Lnmadne, William, must, in Sept. 3, 1S62; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 1865. 
Moore, Daniel, must, in Sept. 10, 181.2; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., 

Jnly2,lSC3; iiiuM ,„it « ilh , .inpniiy June 28, 1865. 
Miles, Henry H,, mil. I iii~,|i |,,1 -J ; wounded at Deep Bottom, Va, 

Oct. 1, ISlU ; nil. I iii,, ilh, i.,i,,,iiy June 28, 1865. 
Mulhollaiid, Andrew, uui^t. in tii-t. .;,;;, 1S02 ; disch. on surg. certif. May 

2S, 18G5. 
Meyer, Samuel, must, in Sept. 18, 1862; died November 7tl], of wounds 
received at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 1863; burial record, died at 
Philadelphia Nov. 9, 1804. 
Makin, Abraham C, must, in Feb. 26, 1864; died May 13th, of wonnds 

received at Wilderness, Va., May 6, 1864. 
Montgomery, Thomas, must, iu Sept. IS, 1862 ; killed at Sailor's Creek, 

Va., April 6, 1865. 
Miller, William M., must, iu Sept, 9, 1862; disch. for wounds received at 
FredericlKburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. 
[ McConnell, William T., must, in Feb. 29, 1804 ; must, out with company 
I June 28, 1865. 

! McMullen, Thomas, must, in Oct. 11, 1862 ; disch. by G. 0. Aug. 2,1865. 

McPherson, Adam, Sept. 12, 1862; disch., date unknown. 
I McDonald, William, most in Sept ■_'-■., l.<02 ; not on must.-out roll. 

North, Henry, nln^t ii, -^it , 1-, «,,iiiided at Fort Steadman, Va., 
Mareh25, ISi;,-, , i, ,1 1 i lute June 6, 1865. 

I Nolen, John, must III -,ji ,, i -,. ,ii>,li. Sept. 30, 1862. 
; Nash, Edwin M., must, iii sept. U, \^<y^ ; disch. Nov. 1, 1862. 
I Pickle, David, must, in Sept. IS, 1S62 ; disch. by G. 0. June 5, 1865. 
I Plummer, John R., must, in Oct. 11, 1862 ; disch. on surg. certif. Jan. 8, 
I 1864. 

I Pryor, Henry, must, in Sept. 23, 1862 ; wounded at Gettysburg, Pa,, July 
; 2, 1863 ; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps ; disch. by G. 0. June 30, 1865. 

I Post, Jacob, must, in Sept. 18, 1862 ; disch. Dec. 1862. 
j Robinson, Abraham, must, in Feb. 29, 1864; must, out with company 
I June 28,1865. 

cli. November, 1802. 

Robinson, William, must, in Feb. 22, 1864; must, out witli company 

1 ; wounded at Boydton Plank- 

June 28, 1805. 

th company June 28, 1865. 

Reep, Adam, must, in Fob. 27, 1804 ; must, out with company June 28, 

wounded at Wilderness, Va., 



Rough, Valentine, m.i,,^t in Sept. 18, 1802; died at Germantown, Pa., 

not on muster-out roll. 

Feb, '.l. l,si; 1 ; Ini ill 1 , , ,,r,l, died at Philadelphia, Jan. 9, 1864. 

ed at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 

Rager, ,T..l,ii 1,, ii.ii-t, in K, 1,. 29, 1864; died at Andoreonville, Ga., Aug. 

Stover, Uriah, m 

1st. in 

Feb. 6, 1864; 

must, out with company June 28, 


Stiles, William, 


n Sept. 18, 1862 ; wounded at Wilderness, Va., 

May 6, 1864 


by G. 0. May 31, 1805. 

Stiles, Samuel, n 

ust. in 

Sept. 9,1862; 

wounded at Gettysburg, Pa., July 

2, 1863 ; disch. by G. 0. M.ay 31. 1805. 

SlilHer, Peter, m 

1st. in 

Sept. 5, 1802 ; 

wounded at Chancellorsville, Va., 





Snyder, Willian 

G., m 

ist. iu March 

1, 1864; killed at Wilderness, Va., 

May 6, 1864 

Staum, Jacob, m 

ist. in 

Feb. 27, 1864 

killed at Wilderness, Va., May 6, 

Snyder, John, m 

1st. in 

Sept, 9, 1862 ; 

rails, to Co. 1, 10th Regt. Vet. Res. 

(\n\K : disci 

. June 

. ISOo. 

Smith, Sample, i 

G.O. AiiK. U 

Taylor, lli,,il,. 

Apiili,, 1 


Oct. 2, 1802; 

trans, to Vet. Res. Corps; disch. by 

: » ., ,,,1, lit Sailor's Creek, Va., 

, , Much 20,1864. 

Tries, Jain, ^llll|. I iii;-,,|,t l -r,j , ,1 1., l, l,,, •,,,,, imN received at Chan 

cellorsville, Va., May 3, 1S03. 
Tbomas, Isaac, must, in Sept. 3, 1862; disch. Dec. 1862. 
Vanscoyoc, Benjamin F., must, in Sept. 3, 1862; disch. by G. 0. May 31 

Vanscoyoc, Aaron, must, in Sept. 3, 1862; trans, to Vet. Res. Corps 

disch. by G.-Q. June 29, 1865. 
Wolf, Daniel J., must, in Sept. 3, 1862; disch. by G. 0. May 31, 1865. 
Wallace, John, must, in Sept. 25, 1862; wounded at Wilderness, Va. 

May, 1864; disch. by G.O. May 31, 1805. 
Wilt, William P., must, in Feb. 22, 1864; disch. on surg. certif. Nov. 9 

Weigherman, W. H., must, in Feb. 28, 1863 ; 
Williams, Joseph, must, in Feb. 20, 1804 ; die 

t. Res. Corps 
Ilia, Va., Dec, 

The Twelfth Cavalry.— This regiment, designated 
.IS the One Hundred and Tliirteenth of the Pennsyl- 
vania line, contained one company raised in Blair and 
Cambria Counties, viz.. Company G, Capt. Adam 
Hartman. The regiment was organized at Pliiladel- 
phia, under Col. William Frishmuth, in November, 
1861. Col. Frishmuth resigned soon afterwards, and 
Lewis B. Pierce became colonel, Jacob Kohler lieu- 
tenant-colonel, and Darius Titus, James A. Congdon, 
and William Bell majors. The regiment moved to 
Washington about May 1, 18G2, and in June crossed 
the Potomac into Virginia, though the men were not 
mounted until the latter part of July. Joining Gen. 
Pope's " Army of Virginia," it was engaged with the 
enemy at Bristow Station, where it was surprised by 
the Confederates, who made a fierce as-i:nilt, resulting 
in a loss to the regiment of two hundred and sixty of 
its men killed, wounded, and taken prisoners. Tbe 
remainder escaped to Centreville, wlieiice they were 
ordered to Alexandria and tnim there to the north 



side of the Potomac to picket the line of tlie river as 
far up as Edwards Ferry. 

In the Antietam campaign tlie retriment joined 
Pleasonton's division. At the battle of South Moun- 
tain it was in reserve and not engaged. On the 16th 
of September two squadrons (one of which was under 
command of Capt. Hartman, of G company), while on 
a reconnoissance towards Hagcrstown, became en- 
gaged with the enemy's cavalry at Boonesboro', taking 
a considerable number of prisoners. In the latter part 
of the month of September it was placed on duty 
guarding the line of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 
above Harper'.s Ferry. It took part in several cav- 
alry raids, — to Moorefield, Woodstock, and other 
points, — and fought in an action at Fisher's Hill, 
suffering some, but driving the enemy from his 

In 1803 (June 12th) the Twelfth led the advance of 
a reconnoissance towards Front Royal, soon discover- 
ing heavy masses of Confederate infantry moving 
towards the Potomac. This was the first knowledge 
gained of the actual movement of Gen. Lee's army 
from the Rapidan to the invasion of Maryland and 
Pennsylvania. Encountering the cavalry of the 
enemy's advance, the regiment skirmished sharply in 
the neighborhood of Winchester, and fought on two 
or three successive days at Apple Pie Ridge, but being 
of course overpowered by the enemy's infantry re- 
tired to Winchester, where the troops were entirely 
surrounded by Lee's army. In the night of the 14th 
the brigade moved out of the town towards Martins- 
burg, but on its way was attacked and a furious fight 
resulted, in which the retreating columns became 
separated, but both succeeded in cutting their way to 
the Potomac, a part reaching the river at Harper's 
Ferry, and the remainder, including the Twelfth, going 
to Bath and Bloody Run, Va. When Lee's army was 
on the retreat from Gettysburg, the Twelfth, with the 
First New York Cavalry, attacked his trains at Cun- 
ningham's Cross-Roads, capturing a guard of six hun- 
dred and forty men, three pieces of artillery, one hun- 
dred and twenty-five wagons, and more than five 
hundred horses and mules. The regiment remained 
atSharpsburL', Md.. until the 2d of August, when it 
moved into XiiuiniiLiind was there employed in scuut- 
ing and piiktt duty i n itli occasional skiniiislie^- 1 until 
the spring of 18(34. During the winter the men re- 
enlisted, receiving the usual veteran furlough. Large 
numbers of recruits were received, nearly filling the 

ture the city ol' Washington (crossing the Potomac 
on the "d ..I' .lulyi, tlic Twelfth formed part of the 
cavalry forcr> that harassed the Confederate ad- 
vance. It fuuglit at ( 'raiuptim's (iap, Pleasant Val- 
ley, and several other pdirits. Early, having ad- 
vanced to within sii,'ht ut tlif city, was ilriven back 

and retreated into Virginia as far as Berryville, but 
from there turned back towards the Potomac. On 
the 20th of July the Twelfth fought a part of his 
forces at Winchester, capturing several guns and a 
considerable number of prisoners. Again, on the 
23d and 24th, it fought (dismounted) and was repulsed 
with heavy loss. On August the regiment (then 
forming a part of the Army of the Shenandoah under 
Gen. Sheridan) took part in an action with the enemy's 
cavalry, losing slightly. In November it was sta- 
tioned at Charlestown, Va., but its ranks were sadly 
thinned and the greater part of the men dismounted. 
During the fall the regiment did some fighting, but 
took part in no general engagement." In December it 
was on duty guarding the railroad between Harper's 
Ferry and Winchester, and frequently engaged in skir- 
mishing. In the spring of 1865 (about the middle of 
March) it took part in an expedition against the 
guerrilla bands which infested the e;istern slopes of 
the Blue Ridge, and on the 22d of March was closely 
engaged with the enemy at Harmony, Va., losing 
twenty-five killed and wounded. Soon after it moved 
to Winchester, Va., and from there (as a part of 
Reno's cavalry division) it marched on a raid to 
Lynchburg. On the route (at Edinboro', Va.) the 
Twelfth had a brisk fight with the enemy and sus- 
tained some loss, fighting alone and un.supported by 
any other troops. Tliis was the last battle of the 
Twelfth, for immediately afterwards news was re- 
ceived of Lee's surrender, including all rebel troops 
in Virginia. The regiment was afterwards posted for 
a time at Mount Jackson and at Winchester, Va., 
where it remained till its muster out, July 20, 1865. 
A list of the officers and men of the Blair and Cam- 
bria company of the Twelfth is here given, viz. : 

Ciipt. Ailam Hartman, must, in Feb. 17, lSO-2; diBcb. July 21, ISii;!. 
Cipl. Patrick H. JIcAteer, must, in Feb. IT, I8C2 ; pro. from 1st licut. 

Dec. 22, ISC:i; must, out with company July 2U, 1805. 
First Lieut. Thad. S. Shannon, must, in Feb. 1", 1862; res. June 25, 

First Lieut. Thomas Murley.must. in June 25, 1862; pro. to 2(i lieul. 

June 25, 1862, to 1st lieut. May 1, 1864, to capt. Co. I Feb. 6, 1805. 
Firet Lieut. John H. Blacli, must, in Jan. 24, 1862; pro. from 1st sergt. 

to 2d liiMit .Xpril 21. isr.l, f. Isl siT-t. Feb. n, isn5< wounded at 

First Serpt, 1' M ■, i 

Q.M,.Se,M A- 1' 

(■uTo.-.ScrJt .1. :, II, l> M, n,.,-i 

„ ,;,; ,,',■,' 

panyJuly 211, !>„:,; vet. 

Serjjt. Joseph W. Laflerty, must 

in Jan. 24, ISO 

pauy July 20, 1865; vet. 

.Sergl. Felix Becli, must, in Jan. 

is, 1S02; must. 

26,181.5; vet. 

Sergt. Edward BIcCarty, must, i 

Feb. 14, 1862; 

July 20, 1805; vet. 


Sergt. J. H. Dnugherty, must, in Jan. 8, 1862; tnnst. out with company 
July 20, 1865; vet. 

Sergt. Samuel O. Evans, must, in Jan. 8, 1862 ; disch. Feb. 7, 1865, expi- 
ration of term. 

Sergt. William J. Stiffler, must, in Jan. 8, 1862 ; captured at Bunlier 
Hill, Va., Jan. 1, 1864; died at Anderaonville, Ga., May 8, 1864; 

Corp. John F. Gardner, must, in Feb. 13, 1862; captured Feb. 3, 1864; 

disch. by S. 0. April 15, 1865 ; vet. 
Corp. Silas Middleton, must, in Feb. 7, 1862; must, out with company 

July 20, 1865 ; vet. 
Corp. Joseph Cramer, must, in Feb. 20, 1864; must, out with company 

July 20, 1865; vet. 
Corp. Jacob C. Brown, must, in May 20, 1864 ; must, out with company 

July 20, 1865 ; yet. 
Corp. Henry Tonilinson, must, in Feb. 6, 1862; must, out with compauy 

July 20, 1865 ; vet. 
Corp. John Mclntyre, must, in Feb. 29, 1864; must out with company 

July 20, 1865; vet. 
Corp. Simon McAteer, must, in April 3, 1863 ; must, out with company 

July 20, 1805. 
Corp. John Bateman, must, in Jan. 8, 1862 ; pro. to Corp. June 2, 1865 ; 

nmst. out with company July 20, 1S65; vet. 
Corp. James P. Stewart, must, in Aug. 2, 1862 ; disch. by G. 0. June 1, 

Bugler Gabriel Miller, must, in Jan. 8, 1862; musi 

July 20, 1865 ; vet. 
Bugler William A. D. Keed, must, in Feb. 5, 1862 ; 

Blacksmith John F. 
pany Ju 


1865 ; 

it. in Jan. 8, 1862; nu 
Feb. 20, 1862 ; must. 

ith company 

■ith c 


Farrier Josepli E. Engle, must. 

July 20, 1865; vet. 
Saddler John Frederick, must. 

July 20, 1865; vet. 
Ayres, William, must, in Sept. 12,1864; disch. by G. 0. June 1, 1865. 
Ake, Joseph W., must, in Sept. 26, 1864; disch. by G. 0. June 1, 1865. 
Byrne, Patrick E., must, in Feb. 14, 1862 ; must, out with company July 

May 18, 1864; must.. 
I March 29, 1864; must 
in April 15,1864; musI 

■vith I 

Black, David M., must, 

20, 1865; vet. 
Baker, Benedict B.,mu 

20, 1865 ; vet. 
Boyles, John, must, in March 21, 1864 

20,1865; vet. 
Brown, John T., must, in Feb. 1, 1804; disch. by G. 0. J 

tipany July 
^ith company July 
k'ith company July 
th company July 

Villiam J., 

, 1862 ; disch. Feb. 17, 1865, 

Brissell, John, must, in Feb. 27, 1864; disch. by G. 0. June 10, 1805. 
Boley, William, must, in March 28, 1864; died July 9th of wounds 

ceived June 29, 1864. 
Brannan, Thomas, nnist. in Feb. 5, 1862 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Bruce, Peter, must, in Feb, 14, 1862; disch. Feb. 28, 1865, expiration 

Bergur, Nathan, must, in Aug. 30, 1864 
Brady, Michael, must, in April 30, 1864 
Bleiffer, C. F., must, in Sept. 27, 1864; t 
Conrad, Augustine, must, in Feb. 14, 186 

: roll. 

. in Feb. 27, 1804 ; mu 

Daugherty, J. H., S 

Davis, William, must, in June 24, 1862; 
Engle, Barney, must, in Jan. 8, 1862 ; D 

1865; vet. 
Eberly, Henry, must, in April 6, 1864; ) 

Emfield, David, i 



Eagle, Henry, must, in Jan. 8, 1862 ; di( 

Fausnnught, Isaac S., must, in Feb. 25, 1 

July 20, 1865. 
Fultz,Eli8ha, must, in March 30,1864; 

20, lS(i5 ; vet. 
Funk, David P., must, in Jan. 8, 1804; disch. Feb. 17, 1865, expiration 

of term. 
Funk, James, must, in Feb. 18, 1864; disch. Feb. 17, 1860, expiration of 

■ith company July 

by O. O. June 1, 

13, 1865. 
my July 20, 

it with company July 20, 

ut with company July 20, 

Annapolis, Md., Aug. 12, 

nust. out with company 

nut witli company July 

Fultz, William M., must, in Sept. 1, 1864; disch. by G. 0. June 1, 1865. 

Fleck, Conrad, must, in Feb. 23, 1864; disch. by U. 0. May 26, 1865. 

Fetters, Louis, must, in Feb. 29, 1864 ; disch. by G. 0. May 17, 1865. 

Fry, John, must in Feb. 22, 1864 ; killed at Charlestown, Feb. 7, 1865. 

Funk,Milton,must. in Jan. 8,1862; trans, to Co. C Nov. 10,1862. 

Gates, Frederick, must, in Feb. 1, 1862; must, out witli company July 
20, 1865 ; vet. 

Green, John W., must, in Feb. 26, 1864; must, out with company July 
20, 1865. 

Gwin, William W., must, in Feb. 14, 1862 ; disch. Feb. 17, 1865, expira- 
tion of term. 

Giant, Henry, must, in Aug. 31, 1864; disch. by G. 0. Jutie 1, 1865. 

Green, John, must, in Jan. 24, 1862 ; not on muster-out roll. 

Hall, George W., must, in Jan. 8, 1862; must, out with compauy July 

Hollin, William K., must, in Feb. 1, 1864 ; must, out with company July 

20, 1 K65 ; vet. 
Hamilton, Charles H., must, in Feb. 29, 1864 ; must, out with company 

July 20, 1865. 
Heltzel, Joseph, must, in Aug. 31, 1864 ; disch. by G- 0. June 1, 1805. 
Hollis, William K., must, in Feb. 12, 1862; disch. by S. 0. Nov. 20, 18651 

Hileman, Samuel, must, in Jan. 8, 1362 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Hodson, Robert W., must, in Jan. 8, 1862 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Hartman, Nicholas, must, in Feb. 5, 1862; not on muster-out roll. 
Haas, Conrad, must, in Feb. 13, 1862 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Hoffman, John, must, in Aug. 30, 1864 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Ivory, Francis, must, in Feb. 14, 1862; disch. Feb. 17, 1865, expiration 

Ivory, Jhc 

Salisbury, N. C, Jan. 15, 
:i company July 


in Feb. 14, 1862; must. out with company July 
March 29, 1864; must, out witli company July 
arch 28, 1864; must, out with company July 
Feb. 19, 1862; disch. Feb. 17,186.5, expiration 
3, 1805. 

Clierry, George 

20, 1865. 
Coons, David, ] 

20,1865; V 
Cramer, Franci 

Cunningham, J. W., must, in Feb. 27, 1864 ; disch. by G. 0. Ju 
Cassidy, Michael, must, in Jan. 8, 1862 ; not on muster-out roll. 
Cope, Abraham V., must, in Jan. 8, 1862; not on muster-out roll. 
Dally, James W., must, in Feb. 14, 1862 ; must, out w ith company July 

20, 1805 ; vet. 
Douglas, Willium K., must, in April 13, 1864 ; must, out with company 

July 20,1865. 
Demazon, Lewis, must, in Feb. 10, 1864; must, out with company July 

20, 1865. 

Johnston, Joseph C, must, in Feb. 7, 1.S62 ; must, on 

20, 1805 ; vet. 
James, Edward, must, in Feb. 25, 1864; disch. byO. 0. June 22, 1860. 
Kantner, David, must, in Feb. 29, 1864; must, out with company July 

20, 1865; vet. 
Kaler, Miclmel, must, in Feb. 11, 1862; not on muster-out roll. 
Lee, John, must, in March 1, 1864 ; must, out with company July 20, 

1865 ; vet. 
Louder, William H., must, in March 15,1864; must, out with company 

July 20, 1805; vet. 
Lunday, Joseph F., must, in March 28, 1864; must, out with company 

Little, Peter J., must, in Feb. 14, 1862; disch. on surg. certif. Feb. 14, 

Little, Augustine, must, in Jan. 8, 1862 ; died at Sandy Hook, .Md., Oct. 

, must, in Aug. 22, 1864 ; not on muster 
nust. in Jan. 8, 1862; not on muster-out 
illiam, must, in Feb. 14, 1862; must. 

any July 


-, Georgo W.,mu3t. in Feb. 29, IS 
), 1805. 

lew, J;inieH, must, in Jan. 8, 1S6'2 
iw, Emiiruiol. must, in Jan. S, I.«0 
, JainfS, must, in Krb. 14. Isr.i; i 


■10, ISte; 
McKiiiiiey, H 

1862: must. 


, Fob. 

vitli company July 


, Jol.t 

July 20,1865; 1 
Wonderly, Forrest, 

July 20, 18C5. 
Walters, Jacob, must, in Jan. S, 1SG2 ; ca; 

0. O.June 6,1805. 
Willl;ini-..n, Alfreil, must, in Jan. 8, 180:, .t.iiure, must, in Feb. 14, 1802; I 

1 Feb. 13, 

Feb. 26, 1864; must, out with company 

i, 1SG2 ; captured June 29, 1SC4 ; disch. by 

1 April 

; with company Yingliug, Tho 

. in Jan 

)n muster-out roll, 
nuster-out roll, 
t roll, 
nuster-out roll. 

1 Sept. 8, 1364; disch. by G. O.June 1,1805. 
iiust. iu Sept. 9, 1804; drafted; disch. by G. 

?eb. 14, 1SG2 ; disch. on surg. certif. June 26, 
Starch M, 1804 ; killed at Cliarlestown, W. 



( On 

McAt^cr, Augu 

rf.ff, Fle.l.Tick, m 

ust. in Feb. 14, 1802; D 

Heed, J. .1.1. 11., mil 

ist. in April 0,1804; ml 

I Si;:.. 

Uliodes, Samuel J., 

must in Feb. 27, 1864 ; 

n Sept. 21, 1864; discb. by G. 0. June 1, 1805. 
Jan.S, 1S62; must, out with company July 20, 

,ny July20, 
npany July 

Rice, Tliomas, must, in Feb. 14, 1S02; not on muster-out ; 
K,-igli, Frederick, must, in Feb. 14, 1862; trans, to Co. M ; 
Smith, J.ihn E., must, in Fob. 13, 1802; must, out with c 

211, 1865; vet. 
Smeltzer, .Tacob, must, in March 28, 1864; absent at must 
Smeltzer, Ferdinand, must, in Slarch 28, 1SC4 ; must, out 

July 20, 1865. 
Schlay, Adulpb, must, in Feb. 25, 1804; must, out with i 


Specce, Cliristian, must, in Feb. 25,1864; captured June 29, 1804; discli. 

by G. 0. Junes, 1805. 
Stevens, Louis, must, in March 2, 1862 ; disch. March 7, 1805, expiration 

of term. 
Stewart, Benjamin F., must, in Sept. 20, 1804; disch. by G. 0. May 20, 

SlmfTer, Jolin, must, in Feb. 5, 1802; disch, on surg. certif. July 0, 1865. 
Sprint-er. Hem y, must, in Jan 8, ISOJ ; not on muster-out roll. 
Sp<cht, \\"illi;,iii, niii-t ill Jan IS, isr,-; nut on muster-out roll. 


I.avi.l, , 


„ Feb. 5, 

must, out with c 

ompaiiy July 


,'jolin, 1 

nust. in Dec. 2, 1 


must, out with c 


ly July 


, Martin 

, must. 

in Dec. 2, 


; must, out withe 



), 180; 



in Feb. C 

;, 1S6'. 

:; disch. Feb. 17, 



on of 




, must. 

in June ' 

7, ISO 

2;disch. byG. 0, 




, Williali 

,., mus 

t. in Sep: 

1. 21, 

1864 ; disch. by 

G.O.June 1, 

, May 

berry 0. 


in Jan. 8, 




ylei, David, must, in Jan. 24, 1802; not on muster-out roll, 
rout, Ei>liraim R., must, in Fob. 14, 1SG2; not on muster-out roll, 
'lley, James E., must, in March 7, 1802 ; must, out with company July 

The One Hundred and Twenty-fifth Regiment.— 
This regiment was raised in July and tlie first part 
of August, 1862, under authority from Governor Cur- 
tin to Lieut. -Col. Jacob Higgins, of Blair County, to 
recruit a nine months' regiment as a part of the quota 
of Pennsylvania under the President's call of July 1, 
issued on account of the disasters to the army of Gen. 
McClellan on the Peninsula. Of the companies so 
raised and formed into the One Hundred and Twenty- 
Fifth Regiment, four companies were raised in Hunt- 
ingdon County and six in Blair. The Huntingdon 
County companies were as follows, viz.: Company C, 
Capt. William W. Wallace ; Company F, Capt. John J. 
Lawrence (promoted to major in the organization of 
the regiment, and succeeded as captain by Lieut. Wil- 
liam H. Simpson); Company H, Capt. Henry H. 
Gregg; and Company I, Capt. William F. Thomas 
(previously second lieutenant of Company G of the 
Fifth Reserves). Tlie Blair County companies were 
Company A, Capt. Francis M. Bell; Company B, 
Capt. U. L. Huyett; Company D, Capt. Jacob Szink 
(promoted to lieutenant-colonel in the organization of 
the regiment, and succeeded as captain by C. R. Hos- 
tetter); Company E, Capt. William McGraw ; Com- 
pany G, Capt. John McKcage ; and Company K, 
Capt. Joseph W. Gardner. 

The rendezvous of the regiment was at Camp Cur- 
tin, Harrisburg, where it was organized August 16th, 
under Col. Jacob Higgins, Lieut. -Col. Jacob Szink, 
and Maj, John J. Lawrence as field-officers. The ad- 
jutant of the regiment was Robert M. Johnston. On 
the day of the organization the regiment left Harris- 
burg and proceeded to Washington, wliere it was made 
part of a provisional brigade, commanded by Col. Hig- 
gins. Cro.ssing into Virginia, it was encamped first 
at Hunter's Chapel, and was soon afterwards sta- 
tioned at Fort Barnard. It remained a few weeks on 
the line of the Washington defenses, engaged in garri- 
son duty and infantry and heavy artillery drill. On 
the 6th of September it was ordered to the north side 
of the Potomac, in view of the imminent invasion of 
Maryland by Gen. Lee's army, and to Rockville, Md., 
where it was assitaied to dutv in Crawford's brigade 



of Gen. Mansfield's division. The other regiments 
of tlie brigade were the Forty-sixth, One Hundred 
and Twenty-fourth, and One Hundred and Twenty- 
eighth Pennsylvania, the Fifth Connecticut, Tenth 
Maine, and Twenty-third New York. Marching 
from Rockville on the 9th of September, the regi- 
ment arrived at Antietam Creek on the 16th. On 
the afternoon of that day Gen. Hooker's corps, com- 
posing the right wing of the army, crossed the creek, 
and 0|)ened the battle by an attack on the enemy's 
position at that point. Late in the evening, the One 
Hundred and Twenty-fifth leading, the brigade took 
position on the front line and remained there during 
the night. Early in the morning of the 17th, the day 
of tlie great battle, the division was ordered forward 
to dislodge a body of the enemy who had taken cover 
in a strip of woods. This service was performed with 
great gallantry, the enemy being driven a consider- 
able distance up the road towards Sharpsburg; but 
the division sustained the loss of its noble commander, 
Gen. Mansfield, who fell mortally wounded in the at- 
tack. Shortly afterwards the One Hundred and 
Twenty-fifth was again ordered forward to drive the 
enemy from a new position in the woods near a small 
church building. The regiment went in with a ringing 
cheer, and advanced rapidly and with great steadiness 
through a storm of iron and lead, drove the Confed- 
erates in disorder from their position, and took a 
number of prisoners; but in turn a heavy body of I 
the enemy came up and charged the Union troops in 
front and flank with such impetuosity that they were 
compelled to retire, escaping from their perilous po- 
sition with no little difliculty. The One Hundred 
and Twenty-fifth was next ordered in support of a 
battery in an advanced and exposed position. It did 
so, repelling two successive charges by the enemy, 
who were determined to capture the guns. Through 
all the desperate conflict at Antietam the ofiicers and 
men of the regiment displayed the greatest courage 
and, though this was their first battle. 
The loss of the regiment at Antietam was one hun- 
dred and fifty, of whom only four were missing, all 
the remainder being killed or wounded. Among the 
latter were Capts. Hostetter, of D, and Simpson, of 
F company ; Lieuts. W. F. Martin, of A, Alexander 
W. Marshall and P. S. Treese, of D, William C. Wag- 
oner, of F, and George Thomas, of I company. Five 
successive color-bearers were killed, and the adjutant, 
Lieut. Robert M. Johnston, was mortally wounded. 
He died on the 19th, and was succeeded by Lieut. 
John G. Cain, of E company. 

After the close of the Antietam camjiaign the regi- 
ment remained in Maryland until the 1st of Novem- 
ber, when it crossed the Potomac into Virginia, where 
it was for a short time stationed on Loudon Heights. 
On the lOtii it marched via Leesburg towards the 
Rappahannock, whilher the main body of the army 
had preceded this corps. It advanced to a point near 
Dumfries, but being too late to take part in the battle i 

of Fredericksburg (December 13th), moved back to a 
camp at Fairfiix Station. On the 28th of December it 
moved out from this camp to Wolf Run Shoals, where 
it was engaged in action with the enemy's cavalry, 
and returned to camp on the 29th, the men having 
suffered terribly from cold, fires not being allowed on 
account of their near proximity to the enemy. On 
the 8th of January the regiment again took part in a 
movement against the enemy at Wolf Run Shoals. 

In Gen. Burnside's projected forward movement of 
the army in January, 1863, the regiment marched 
from camp on the 20th of that month, moving to 
Dumfries, to Shipping Point, and to Stafford Court- 
House, where it remained in camp, but constantly 
doing picket duty, and frequently engaged in move- 
ments to neighboring points on account of the near 
proximity of the enemy's cavalry. In March it was 
moved to a new station ac Acquia Creek Landing. 
On the 27th of April the regiment (then in the Sec- 
ond Brigade of Geary's division of the Twelfth Corps) 
moved to the Rappahannock, crossing at Kelly's Ford, 
thence to the Rapidan, crossing at Germania Ford, 
and from thence to Chancellorsville, where it arrived 
in the afternoon of the 30th, and immediately went 
into line of battle. On the following morning the 
brigade advanced east, soon encountering the enemy's 
pickets, and drove them back to and through a belt 
of timber. On emerging from the woods, it was 
found to be in a very perilous position, far in advance 
of the other troops, and away from their support. 
The enemy in front opened a tremendous fire of artil- 
lery, and the brigade being in imminent danger of 
being flanked, was withdrawn with some difficulty, 
and retired to its position of the previous evening. 
During the night the men threw up some quite for- 
midable defenses, though they had no intrenching 
implements, and were obliged to use their bayonets 
and tin plates for the work, the enemy at the same 
time being only a few rods away in front. 

On the following day (May 2d) the regiment lay 
under a heavy artillery fire until 3 o'clock p.m., when 
it advanced with the brigade on the Fredericksburg 
plank-road, and made a demonstration against the 
enemy in the woods and behind his defenses; but 
failing to dislodge him, returnei;! at about six o'clock 
to the position of the previous evening. A little later 
in the day came the tremendous assault of "Stone- 
wall" Jackson on the Union right, which broke before 
the fury of the attack, and one division of the Elev- 
enth Corps came rushing in disorder and panic to the 
position of the One Hundred and Twenty-fifth and 
its brigade, which was the first point where the wild 
retreat of the fugitives was checked. Geary's di- 
vision formed line facing the rapid advance of the 
exultant Confederates, and held them at bay during 
the night and until the middle of the forenoon of the 
3d, bravely holding the ground against repeated at- 
tacks, in which canister was used at short range on 
both sides. At ten o'clock a.m. of tlie 3d the enemy 



had succeeded in Hanking the position on the right, ^ 
and the division was compelled to fall back to a new 
and more contracted line, wliich was held with com- 
parative ease, though the enemy maile frequent and ^ 
vigorous assaults upon it. During the remainder of 
the great battle the regiment was continually in line 
and for many hours under a heavy fire, but was not 
again closely engaged. On the morning of the 5th it 
was ordered to the left of the line, and commenced | 
intrenching. In that position il iriiKiiiicd during the ] 
day and succeeding night, and (jh lijr (Ith recrossed j 
the RappahaniKiek, and ri'tiuiicd tn its old camp at 
Ac.|uia. I 

ChancellnrsvilU' was the last l.attle of the One Hun- 
dred and Twenty-littli, as it.s term of service had ex- i 
pired. It was then ordered to Pennsylvania, and on 1 
its arrival at Harrisburg was received with un- i 
bounded enthusiasm and admiration by thousands of ! 
[leople who had assembled there to greet its return. 
It was mustered out of service on the ISth of May, | 
1863. Following are given the rolls of the regiment, 


FiEiii AND Staff OrFicEns. 
Cul. .laoib nijjsins, ni"5t- '" Aug. 16, 1S02 ; out with regiment ] 

I'.v; i ', t. , ; I... from 1st 81-rgt. May 4, ISO:!; m: 

■t 1 ir .m Corp. tosergt. Jau. 2S, 1S03, to 
; 1- inn^t ..nt May 18, 1SC3. 
■, ~ ,, 'I, must, out with company May 18, I86.'i. 
^1 ,,111. must, out witti company May 18, 18*13. 

. I; M 1,11th, must, out with compauy May 18, 1SG3. 
11 Fuhli, pi o. from Corp. May 4. 1863; must, out with c. 

I MiUi-r, must, out with company May 18, 1863. 

Corp. J. W. 11.1, i i. 

,, N] 

. i ■ . 1 Sf 



Henry 1; n 

M , . 

-, l-i',3. 


George «' I'm;. 

- ' , , 1 X-. 1 I i 1 

11,1 ,i,> .^ 

Li> IS,' 



H. I. BoUKli uu.r. 

niiist . 

..,t >vill, ,;uml 

[.any May 

IS, 186: 


any Mayl.S, 1,S0,!. 

pro. to 

Corp. May 4 

,1863; m 

ust. out 

with c 


William C. Kean, 

(lisch. • 

on surg. certi 

f. Dec. 24, 

, 1862. 


Atnon G. EJward 

s, died 

at Chambcrsburg, Pa., 

Oct. 9, 

of wor 


31. Md , 

Sept. 17, 186 



killed 1 

»t Antietam, 

Md., Sepi 

1.17,1802; bu 

11 National Ceniete 

ry, seel 

;ion 20, lot A, 

grave 88. 


ciau David S. Joliii 

sun, mi 

list, out with . 

company : 

May 18, 



clan Stephen V. U 

aslet, must, out with 


May IS 

1, 186.3. 


i,Jacob, must, out 

«itli 1 

.impa.iy May 

IS, 1S63. 

J„s,.,.h W., must. 

1,111 Ml 

1, , ,,,,,; !■,> ^ 

I.n 1^. 1- 


r, Isaac F.nuist. ■ 

,, ; . >] 

, !■ 1-, 



11. • 

, M,,i 1 

- i,*o:i. 

A.ljt. Kobert M. Johns 

ton. 111 

ust. ill Aug. 10, IS 

i02; di 

ed Sept. 19. i.f 

wounds received at 


im. Md., Sept. 17, 1862. 

Adjt. John G.Cain, mn 

St. in / 

Ulg. 16, 1862 ; pro. 


2d lieut. C... K, 

S,-pt.2n,I.SC2; musi 

I out w 

ith regiment May 1 

S, 186: 


y.M. William C, Bailey, 


in Aug. 10, 1802; di 

sch. April l.i, 1863. 

Q.M. Asbiiry Derlaiid.n 


Aug. 11,180-2; pro. 

from 1 


T, l,sr,2 ; must, out v 

lilli n. 

{imeiit .May IS, 1S63. 

Surg. Lewis C. Cummini 

5», mils 

it. ill Sej.t. 23, 1862 ; 


. out with regi. 

meut May 18, 1863. 

Asst. Surg. John Feuy, 


in Aug. 10, 1802; c 


by S. 0. Oct. 9, 


Asst. .Surg. Francis B. I 


,D, must, in Aug. 10 

, 1802 

; disch. by S. 0. 

Nov. 24. 1802. 
 Surg. Augustus 111 

ivis, nil 

ust. in Ilee. 10,1802 

; mus 

t. out with regi- 

merit May 18, lSo:i. 

A.sst. Surg. Lafayette F 

. Biitloi 

•, must, in Feb. 11, 

1803; with 

regiment May 18,1! 


Chap. John I). Stewart. 


in Aug. 10, 1,S02; 


out with regi- 

Croiker, Henry H., wounded at Autietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1802; u 

out with company May IS, 1863. 
Cii.iie, William, must, out with company May 18, 1R63. 
(■io« 1, John, must, out with company M.ay IS, 1S6:!. 
riiniiin-hani, D. T., must, out with coniiiany May 18, 1803. 

Va., May 3, 1803. 
Coy, John, diach. Jan. 24, 1803, for wounds received at Antietam, 
Sept. 17, 1802. 

Sept. 17, 1862. 
Deahle, Henry, must, out with company May 18, 1863. 
Hell, John, must, out with company May IS, 1863. 
Diinniire, George B., must, out with company May IS, 1863. 
lUclison, David F., must, out with company May 18, 1803. 
Eakins, David W.,must. out with company May 18, 1863. 
Esterline, John M., missing in action at Chaiicellorsville, Va., Mi 

Fiiiili, (ieoige, missing in action at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862. 
Carman, Philip, must, out with company May 18, 1863. 
i:ieeii, Wilham, must, out with company May 18, 186.3. 
Hart, Ji.nalhan, must, out with comp,auy May IS, 1863. 
llieks, li.niiel, must, out with company May IS, 1803. 
Heard. Thomas W., must, out with company May IS, 1863. 

Il,,iis„.ii,.ii..l.iiin,.. Mill. 1 1111 Mil ini'iiny MaylS, lso:5. 

a, Md., Sept. 17, 1862; 

lorsvillr, Va.. 5Ia 
am. Md, Sept. 17.1 



Lago, William F., must, out with ( 
Menimen, William F., must, out ^ 
Myers, Thomas, must, out with col 
Myers, John, must, out with couip 
Miles, George, must, mit ullh nuii 
Mcllvaiue, Henry i', iioi^l .■ul m 
McAvoy, Michael, mu-t -nt «illi 
McQuilleu, .\.W.,niU-t mn u,rh . 
McQuillen, William, Tiiut. .-m «il 
McCarney, George s , iim-i. nia u i 
McCoy, John, must. r,nt « iili . . iii| 

McGill, Th i^T , iiiii-i .HI V ■ 

McFarh.iMl, .r.lin A., .Ii..| .il >: 
Osborne, I'.ni-I I' , mu,! .. : 
Orr, Geo,-.- ^^ iiiM-t ..Ml „iM 

Robisoh, .1 ...I . : ... : ■• 11 •. I ! 
Roshelii, I .:, ... I ■ I.. 

Kosbnii , .1 ■..■ T , .. • I 

Smith, Til. .in: 
Sturtsmaii, II 
Stevens, Da\i 
Shaw, Daniel, 

17, 1802. 
Teuipleton. Ji 
Thomas. i~. I 

ompany May 18, 1863. 
■ith company May 18, 1863, 
ipany May IS, 1863. 
Tiy May 18, 1863. 
.any May 18,1863. 
Il cimpauy May IS, 1863. 
.iiil.any May 18, 1S6.3. 
.iiil.aiiy May 18,1863. 
h 1 ..mpany May 18, 1863. 
h ...nipany May 18,1863. 

^1 1 1-, 1S63. 

-liny IS, 1863. 
.' May 18, 1863. 
iiy May 18, 1863. 
any May IS, 1S63. 

BrumliauKli, J. C, i 
Butcs, William G., i 

Cooper, James M., must 
Cooper, Theodore N., die 
Dougheitv, Vii- v., must 
Delliiv.ii W,..I,> n.„. 

died Sept. 28, of i 


-May IS, 1863. 
iiiiy May IS, 1863. 
iiipiiny May 18, 1863. 
nipauy May IS, 1863. 

ved at Antietam, Md., Sept. 

any May ; 

, 1863. 


Watson, .! 
Wilson, .1 
Wolf, Isa; 
Wesley, I 
Wolf, Till 

I surg. cerlif. March 15, 1863. 
company May 18, 1863. 

company May 18,1863. 

h company May 18, 1863. 

L'tnwu, Mil., Jan. 25, 1863, of wounds 

eiit. 17, 1862. 

; wilh company May 18, 1863. 

I Fairfax Station, Va., Jan. 3, 1863. 

1 uilh comiiany May 18,1803. 

'I '.>iili . iii|i.iny May IS, 1803. 

\ i.tam, Md., Sept. 17, 1802 iXmust. 

II . .i"|.iiiy May 18,1803. 
.. istown, Md., Sept. 21, of wounds received 

Fouse, W .. I, I. 

Feay, Hhmi. ji.. i.. 

Feats, Jnliii .\., .lif.l Nov. .;o, of wounds received at Antietam, Md., Se 

17, 1862. 
Garner, Joseph 0., wounded at Chnncellorsville, Va., Slay 2, 1863 ; mr 

out with company May IS, 1SG3. 
Geiser, Tillman, must, out with company May 18, 1803, 
Heller, Edward W., must, out with company May IS, 1803. 
Hnuck. George A,, must, out with company May 18, 1803. 
Huyolt, Miles C, must, out wilh company May 18, 1803. 
Lang, Joseph 11., must. ..nt Willi company May 18, 1803. 
l.ang, William, ninst, out with company May 18, 18C3. 
Lower, II. nr.v (I , inii-t. .nil with company May 18, 1803. 
Love,J..liii Ji «, I. ,1 .1 rhiincelloraville, Va., May 3, 1803; must, c 

Iiicas, .1.1, . I .mil company May 18, 1803. 

Lucas, ..\l.i .1 in.i-i ..III «ith company May 18, 1803. 

Lucas, Oiihiiel, ilisili. on snrg. certif. Dec. 9, 1802. 

Metz, Thomas J., must, out with company May IS, 1803. 

Metz, Thornloii B., must, out with company May IS, 1803. 

Mock, John E., wounded at Antietam, MU., Sept. 17, 1862; absent. 


Capt. Ulyssus L. Huyett, must, 

pany May IS, 1SU3. 
First Lieut. Joseph R. Higgins, 

Second Lieut. G. Schollenbergel 
company May 18, 1SC3. 

First Sergt. Hill P. Wilson, nius 
pany May 18, IS63. 
(The balance ..f this conipanj 

am, must, out with cnmp,iny May IS, 1803. 

ieoige W., wounded ; missing in action at Antietam, 1 

my, John, 
my, Willi,,: 

itered into the service of the 
ellorsville, Va., May 3, 1S03; 

United St:,i.- \:._. ].. 1-1 J.i 
Scrgl. .1 II . '. ... .....I... I 

niii-i I 1 :May 18, 1803. 

Sergt. Jiuii. - -s. 1: I, |., II. -t ..ul with company May 18, 1863. 
Sergt. Ephraim Geist, must, out wilh company May 18, 1863, 
Sergt. James D, Allender, pro. from Corp. Oct. 1, 1862; must, out wi 

company May 18, 1863. 
Sergt. Samuel G. Baker, died at Stafford Court-House, Va., March : 


.vith company May 18,1863. 

nt with company May 18, 1803. 
McHichaels, John, must, out wilh company May 18, 1S03. 
Nicodemus, John H., must, out with company May 18, 1803. 
Powell, Milton P., wounded at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1S02 ; must, oi 

with company May 18, 1803. 
Philip, Ralph. 

Reiger, August, must, out with company Jlay 18, 1S03. 
Rhody, George H., missing in action at Chaucellorsville, Va., May : 

Rhody, William H., must, out with company May 18, 1803. 

Richards, John, wounded at Cbaucellorsville, Va., May 3, 1803; musi 

out with company May 18, 1803. 
Riley, William N., must. ..iit with company M.iy 18, isiM. 

.Shaffer, Samuel B, iiiii-i ..iMi. ininn ^] , . I.s, 1SG3. 

Shimlelt, John r, nin. .,i i. i . -lis, iso3. 

:ii|.:iiiy May 18, 1863. 
iiipany May 18, 1863. 

.nth company May IS, 1863. 

.. Sept. 21, 1862; must, out with i 

Corp. Ki.i. Ill I' , i.,.. 
Corp. K.l.. Ai 1 I 
Corp. Jiini. - I' I 11. V I. ii-i 
Corp. F. M. Mi.Kiiiiian, mnst. 
Corp. Daniel I. Irwin, pro. to 

pany May 18,1803. 
Corp. Elijah Estep, pro. to Corp. Feb. 4, 1863 

May 18,1803. 
Corp. John D. Patterson, discli. on surg. certif. Jan. 26, 1863. 
Musician J. A. B. McKamey, must, out with company May 18, 1863. 
Musician Calvin C. Hewitt, must, out with company May 18, 1863. 
Amhizer, Diiniel, must, out with company May IS, 1863. 
Aurandt, Jacob F., missing in action at Chaucellorsville, Va., May 3, 

mpany May 13, 1S03. 
atietam.Md., Sept. 17, 1802; disch. 

'ac.l., die.l Dec. 3u, 1802 ; burial record, Jan. 3, 1S03, at Fort 
r, N. Y.; buried in Cypress Hill Cemetery, L. L; grave 

th company Strailhoof, .Tohnson, died Feb. 15, 1803, at Washington ; 
tary Asylum Cemetery, D. C. 
Tresse, William, must, out with company May IS, 1863. 

Tresse, David, dii 
Teats, John A., . 

Blake, Willii 


, Va., J 


■MaylS, 18C:l. 
rtuui, Bid., Si-jit. 17, 

Conrad, lieiiso 
Dpcker, Harry 

Denr.y, Al.-xau 
IS, 1SG3. 

Dewalt, John . 
18, isti:!. 

Decliei', Xichol 

in Aug. 13, 1802; ninsl. 
in Aug. 11, 1S02; discli. 
Aug. 11,1802; must, ou 
1 Aug. 11,1802; must.ot 

itli company May 
itii company May 
th company May 
1, of wounds re- 


in Aug. 11,1802; died Oct 
d at Antietam, Md., Si-pt. 17, 1802. 
, Elijah C , must. In Aug. 11, 18C2; died at Georgetown, 

it, Aug 11, 1SG2 ; pro. from .sergt. Feb. 

Ehman, George, must, in Aug. 11, 1802; must, out witli company May 

my M.y IS, I,«(i:l. 

18, 1803. 

,i..n>l ,1, Aug. lU, 1SC2; died Feb. 0, 

Enyeart, Thomas L., must, in Aug.l3, 1S62; must, out with company 

May 18, 1863. 

t II, Aug. 11, 18112; pro.from 1st sergt. 

luckier, J. Lee, must, in Aug. U, 1SG2; must, out will, company May 

.mpany May 18, I60:i. 

IS, 1S03. 

.\iig. 11, IS62; pro. from sergt. Feb. 7, 

Funk, James, must, in Aug. 13, 1802; must, out with company Jlay 18, 



. iu Aug. U, 1862 ; must, out with com- 

Friday, John H.. must, in Aug. 13, 1802; must, out with company May 

18, 1863. 

Aug. 13, 1862; pro. from Corp. Sept. IS, 

Green, James M., must, in Aug. 11, 1S02; must, out with company May 

■ May 18, 1803. 


in Aug. 11, 1862; pro. from Corp. Feb. 

Graher, Adam, must, in Aug. 11, 1802; must, out with company May 18, 

iiy.MaylS, 1S(;:1. 


11 Aug 11, 1862; pro. from corp. Feli. 

Garland, David W., must, in Aug. 11,1802; must, out with company 

any May 18,180.1. 

May 18, 1803. 

t. in Aug. 11, 180:l: disch. April 3, 1803, 

Gahagin, Mordocai, must, in Aug. 11,1802; must, out with company 

tarn, Md.. Sept. 17, 1.S02. 

May IS, 1803. 

n Aug. 11, 1802; kille.l at Antietom, 

Goodman, Joseph, must, in Aug. 13, 1802; must. out with company May 

, National Cemetery, section 2.i, lot D, 


Haslet, .Tanifs, must, in Aug. 11, 1802; must, ont with company May 18, 

Aug. 13, 1802 ; must, out with cumpany 


Corp. Thomas C. Fisher, 

May IS, 1863. 
Corp. Z. G. Cresswell, must, in Aug. 11, 1802; must, out with conipan 

May 18,1863. 
Corp. Miles Zentmire, must, in Aug. 13, 1802; pro. to corp. Sept. 1' 

1802; must, out with rompany Jlay 18,1803. 
Corp. James E. Wilson, must, in Aug. 11, 1S02; pro. to Corp. Sept. 1' 

1.802; must, ont with company May IS, 1803. 
Corp. Xiavid I*. Henderson, must, in Aug. 11,1802; pro. to corp. Oc 

Corji. Kobeit C. Blonow, must, in Aug. 11, 1862; pro. to Corp. Feb. ' 
180 1; n,iist. out witli company May 18,1863. 

,1802; trans, to U.S. Telegri 

Heckadorne, 11. B., must, iu Aug. 11,1862; must, o 

May IS, 1863. 
Hearn. Jacob, must, in Aug. 11, 1862; must, out with 

Hart, Frederick, must, in Aug. 13, 1802 ; must, out wi 

18, 1803. 
Hoflman, John. must, in Aug. 11, 1802; must, out w 

Hawn, Henry, must, in .Vug. II, 1862; disch. Nov. 1 

ceived at Antietam Sept. 17, 1«62. 
Harvey, Parker C, must, in Aug. 11, 1862; disch. on 

13, 1862. 

Aug. 13, 1862 ; killed 






17. 181 


lood, H 

my, n 


n A 



., n 

51 ay 

l.s. ISb 


1 V 





i; j; 

. \v 

m Aug. 11 




II, j,. 

am. Md., 

t. out « itli compa. 

y May 18, 


ust. in Aug 


2; must. 




. in Aug. 11 


died at 




\ug. 11, ISO' 

; kill 



.Sel.t. 17, 

Jlay 18,1 
I.elTard, John 

17, 1802; 
I.effaid, Eiiorl 

l.i.w, .lohi. A., 

Jlvr,s, Eli II., 

, Aug. 11,1802; n,u 
. in Aug. 11,1802; 

Aug. II, 1802; 
I Aug. 11,1862; 

ith CO 


, company 
;tnm, Sept. 
ont with company May 
; with company May 18, 
witii company May IS, 


McCoy, William R., mUst. in Aug 11, lb62 must out 

Mny 18, 1863. 
McFenen, Alfied, must, in Aug 11 1802 wounded at 

Sept. 17, 1862 ; absent, sick it muster out 
McDivilt, C. James, must, in Aug li IW mu t out 

with compiiiy 


pro from sergt. April 19, 1863 ; 

lit with company May 18, 1863. 
I Corp. April 19, 18C3; must, on 




ISO. killed i 

ntietam Sept 17 

McCoy, John S., must, ii 

Parker, David H., must, in Aug 11 186 must it with compauv Miy 

18, 1863. 
Patton, Joseph, must, in Aug 11 18( must out with company May 

Peterson, Willi.-im H., must, in \ug 13 1'j62 must outwitl comi iny 

ISC' must out with c mpal j Ma> 

11 18r2 must out \ itl company 

with compinj Mij 

May IS, 1S63. 
Robb, Porter A,, must. 

18, 1803. 
Robb, William W., mu 

May 18, 1803. 


Eeed, Charles H., must, in Aug 11 1862 wounded at Antietim Sept 17 

1802 ; must, out with company Mav 18 1863 
Rutb, J.Easton,must. in Aug. II 1802 dlsch March"" ISO' f rwcunls 

received at Aniietam, Md. Sept 17 180' 
Reed, Samuel, must, in Aug. 11 186- die 1 at Fairfax Station Vi Jan 

17, 1863. 

Simpson, Alexander C, must, in Aug 11 186' mustoutwitl comjai y 

May 18, 1863. 
Snyder, David C, must, in Auf, 11 1S6. must out with c ni n Mjy 

IS, 1863. 
Snyder, Jolin P., inu.-;t. in Aug 11 1S6' l ust 1 1 \ tl c niim Miy 

18, 1803. 

Sprankle, Jeremiah, must, in Aug 11 ISO' must ut with com pal j 

May 18, 1863. 
Sprankle, George, must, in Aug. 11, 18li2; wounded at Antietam Sept. 

17, 1862 ; must, out with company May 18, 1863. 

Spyker, Daniel, must, in Aug. 11, 1802; must, out with company May 

18, 1863. 

Stewart, John G., must, in Aug. 11, 1862; must, out with comiiany May 

Swoope, James 51. C, must, in Aug. 13, 1862 ; must, out with company 

May 18, 1803. 
Stewart, James A., must, in Aug. 11, 1802; must, out with company 

May 18, 1863. 
White, David, must, in Aug. 11, 1802 ; must, out with company May 18, 



ite, John, must, in Aug. 13, 1802 ; ni 

hittaker, Thomas S.,must. in Aug. 11, 

May 18, 1863. 
ylaiid, George, must, in Aug. 13, 1802 

sei t \ I 1 d at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1802; pro. 

I I must, out with company May IS, 1803. 

Sei^t I I I from private to Corp., to sergt. April 19, 

isfl I bt It itl r mi any May IS, 1803. 
bergt Kdward L Russ dlsch Nov 13, for wounds received at Antietam, 

Md Sept 17 180' 
Coip D mIA n t ett must out with company May 18, 1863. 
C II 1 St ut with company Blay 18, 1803. 

C 1] II I II I to Corp. Aug. 25, 1802; must, out with 

Con \l I I I to Corp. Nov. 10, 1862; must, out with 

C I I I I 1 it Antietam, Md, Sept. 17, 1.S02; pro. to 

I I I I t ut witli company May 18, 1803. 

Coll W II sp " II t L rp. Jan. 14,1863; must, out with com- 

laiV Maj 18 1S03 

toil V rnsDnis ^ro to Corp Al ril 29, 1803; must, out with company 

M \ 1 1 

t 11 M II I |io to Corp. April 29, 1803; must, out with 

C ri I I rg certif. Nov. 13, 1802. 

Co 1 I \ I I II 1 It Aniietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1802. 

Music I « i B amb u„l n ust out with company May 18, 1863. 

Musi i-in Augustus Boyden must out with comi)any May 18, 1S63. 

Aiken stepl en disch March 13 1803, for wounds received at Antietam, 

M 1 Sept 17 ISO' 
B (cr Ml t n ust out with company M.ay I.S, 1S63. 
Bi lei LeM m led at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1802 ; must, out with 

n 1 a J Ma\ 18 ISO 
Blake, Samnel, nuist. out with company May 18, 1803. 
Brumbaiigh, Jacob, must, out with company May 18. 1803. 
Blake. Wilbur E., wounded iit Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1802 ; must, out 

with company May I8,1S03. 
Bowcn, Francis, wounded and missing in action at Antietam, Md., Sept. 

Baker, John, must out with company May IS, 1863. 
Brubaker, George, discli. on snrg. cerlif. 3larch ."», 1803. 
Burley, Emanuel, killed at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1802. 
Brown, John A., killed at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1802. 
Cochrane, Robert, must, out with company May 18, 1863. 
Cowrey, James W., ilied at Harper's Ferry, Va., Jan. 21, 1863. 

, John 


vitli company May 18, 
ust. out with company 
ut with company May \ 
St. out with company 


Dasher, John, i 
Davis, Able, dis 
Davis, John K , 
Davis, Leonard 
Evans, Amlrew, 
Firrney, Andrev 
Green, Samuel, 
Glass, John R., 
Gearhart, Fred. 
Howell, John C 

lay IS, IS03. 

23, 1S63. 
■Sept. 17,1862. 
I., April 21, 1803. 

May I.S, 1863. 

Capt. Jacob Szink, must, in Aug. 14, 1802; pro. to lient.-col. Aug. 10, 

Capt. Christ. R. Hostetter, must, in Aug. U, 1862; pro. from 1st lleut. 

Aug. 16, 1S62 ; disch. March 17, 1803, for wounds received at Antie- 
tam Sept. 17, 1862. 
Capt. Alexander W. Marshall, mnst. in Aug. 14, 1802; wounded at Arr. 

tietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862 ; must, out with company May 18, ISC.:;. 
1st Lieut. Thomas E. Campliell, must, in Aug. 13, 1862 ; pro. from IM 

sergt. to 2d lieut. March 17, 1803, to 1st Ireut. April 19, 1863; mu^t. 

out May 18, 1S63. 
2d Lieut. Peter S. Treese, must, in Ang. 14, 1862 ; wounded at Antietam, 

Md., Sept. 17, 1802; com. l^t lieut. March 17, 1803 ; not mnst. ; disch. 

on snrg. certif. April 17, 1803. 
2dLieut. G.W.Hawkswortlr, must, in Aug. 13, 1862; pro from sergt. to 

1st sergt. March 17, 1803, to 2d lieut. April 19, 1863 ; must, out May 

18, 1863. 
(The balance of this company was mustererl into the service of the 
TJuited States on the I3ch day of August, 1802.) 

Ian. 'J, I'.riii.k, .si , «..iirrded at Aniietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862 ; 

out uilli r.iMiiMiij M.ry 18, 1863. 
l(iai, W rlliarri .S,, diMli. Jan. 25, 1863, for wounds received at Ant 

M.I., Sept. 17, 1802. 
Ionian, Tlionias, died at Fairfax Station, Va., .Tan. 15, 1863. 
1 vin, n, oi-e M., must, out with cimipairy May IS, 1803. 
(i-. II, r ,!,„ i: , mnst. out with company May 18, 1803. 

i innst.out with company May 18, 1803. 


l.iuli, Will. am A. K., run 
L.uig, Samuel \., must. . 
Madison, J.. Irn, irrust.ou 
Myers, William H., mus 
Jliueharl, Lewis, must, i 

coiniiany May 18, 1803. 
conrpany May 18, 1803. 





Ileiiiy, .11, 

1st, o,: 

It wi 

til cuDllwny .May 

IS, 18 



rt, Aiid.ifW, wo,l 



missing in actioi 


11., Mil 

i.v :!, 1S63. 




■y C, must. 

mit V 


coniiiaiiy May 18, 

, 1863. 



•, Cliai 

rles A., Med Dec. 





, DIUSt. UUt 



pany Jlay IS, 18C 




11, Jul, 


y ,11, ,y LS 

1 „t .\ 


tam. M.I., Sept. 17, 

-..nipany May IS, 
•iiipany May IS, : 

, 1802 ; 





. .-< 11 , unii 


M ,' 

l„t,etan,, Md,, Se 

pl. 17. 

I,ie,lt. .lolil, II. R,.l,fi 
Sopt 211. 18(12. 
t Sclgt. Julin liryan. i liiV 

,;: '„'!„, 

. -.|.t, 17, 1S( 
,.ls received , 

d ill Military As, 

lium Cemete 




, Patrick. 

at Ai.tieti 

mi, 5W. 

, Sept. 17. IS 

Aug. 15, 


u Aug. i; 

i, 1802. 


r, John. 

Gesler, Lewis 11. 

111 surg. c< 

?rtif. April 22, 16G3. 

Earleuliailgli, J 

Gardner. Ruber 

GalhiKlier, Jol,l A. H. 

llaiUU le, David, wuunded at Antietaiii Se 

erly, William. 

ver, George W., must. 

*, Henry, discli. on sur 

am, Md , Sept. 17, ISOJ 

Swilher, Daniel. Snyder, George, Jr. 

Slrayer, John. Stiffler, Sylvanus L. 

Summers. George. Smith, David. 

Summers, William. Slioff, David. 

Snyder, , George. Sr., disch. on surg. certif. Apiil 2, 1863. 
Tru,v,.ll, Aliraham, died at Harper's Ferry, Ya., Nov. 9, 1 
Xational Cemetery, "Wiiicliester, Va., lot 25. 

it. ill Aug. 15, 1SG2; pro. to maj. .\ug. 16, 
o. from 1st lieut. Aug. 10, 1802; wounded 

l,,t Sei,;t. Albert B. Flood, 

pro. 1 

rum sergl. Fel 

Sei-t, George A. Black. 

Se,gt. James B. Geissenger 

Sergl. Valentine lirown. 

Sergt. David Hazard, pro. from p 


Corp. JiilinG. Corbin. 

Corp. Wi 

Coip Tbumas lilake. 

lA.rp. Hai 

Corp, William J, Ilampsun 


(•ur|.,Jus,.pbK, Kane,-. 



Miipp, bolomon. 

Becker, Joseph M., pro. to sergt.-maj. Aug. 16, 1802. 

Ciinnon, John. Cozzens, Robert. 

€!»rothers, Charles. Cypher, Thomas. 

Corbin, Charles. 

Cunningham, nenjamin, killed at Antietam, Mil., Sept. 17, 1862. 

Deri. I 

, Alfie 

Hall, James. 
Hnugh, Williii 

ancellorsviUe, Va., May 3, 

i L., ilisth. on surg. certif. Feb. 27, 18C;i. 
(I), died at Washington, B.C., March 6, 1 

Corp. James R. Rotnson. Corp. Joseph Carroll. 

Corp. Bloses CJarhind. Corp. Thontas M. Barr. 

Corp. Horace Kemp, pro. to corp. Feb. 17, 180:i. 

Corp. Alexander Boggs. 

Corp. John G. Christian, vnnii<1ffl at Anti-t^.m, M.I., Sept. 17, 1862. 

Corp. Reese Williams, pro t i Mm i, '■ Imvi. 

Corp. Ja 

fsH. Gibbony, kii;-l 

tional Cemetery, sr. ii 

i.i -1., 1-1 \. l:i;ivo C:). 

John Miller. 

Thomiis Lloyd. 


oilore, missing in actii 

n at Chancellorsville, Va., May 2 


Bollinger, Henry L. 

vid M. 

Buterbaugh, Samuel. 

Albert, disch. Decemb 

r S for wounds received at Ant 

Curtis, George R. 
Christy, Livingston L. 
Clarke, Robert. 
; Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862. 
Dasher, Samuel P. 
Fulton, Samuel A. 


, Dav 


Lewis, David D. 



, I)., missing 

n actio 

n at Chancellorsville, Va 

May 3, 1863 


ell, J 

mesA., Joseph. 


. Jan 


Morgan, Jacob. 





iani, disch. 01 

surg. certif. March 23, 1863. 


ire, A 

idrew, disch. 

on surg 

certif. March 26, 1863. 



Joseph, killed at A 

tietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862; buried i 



il ('ewetery. 


,6, lot A, grave 27. 




s, Kb: 

,ard, n.issing 


u at Chancellorsville, Va. 

May 2, 1863 



la K. 

Sax ton, Henry 0. 



lartin L. 

Shearer, Calvin B. 



\m E. 

Shoemaker, H. F. 


rds, ■! 



ranklin R. 

ames R., wounded at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862. 
)avid R. P., disch. December 8 for wounds received i 
, Md., Sept. 17, 1862. 

R., V 


Switzer, Ellas H., disch. Jan. 6, 1863, for wounds rec 

Md., Sept. 17, 1862. 
Swoope, David, disch. on surg. certif. Feb. 3, 1803. 
Shorthill, David R., disch. March 8, 18C3, for wound 

tam,Md.,Sept. 17,1862. 
Snyder, Oliver W., disch. on surg. certif. April, 1863 
Trout, Brinklev. 

London, George W. 

L.mdon, James G. 

Leet, CaU.dian M. 

Lovett, John, disch. on surg. certif. Feb. 3, 1863. 

Long, James, died at Frederick, Md., Feb. 5, 1863, ot wounds received i 
I Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1802 ; buried in Mount Olivet Cemetery. 

1 Miller.Thomas. Martin, William. 

Mans, John H. Martin, Henry. 

Sletzlei-, .(oseph F. 
I Morrow, James, wounded at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1802. 
j McRea, William J. 

McKee, '1 

, Ileniy. 

West, Allen, trans, to 14th Regt. Ind. Vols. Oct. 1, 1862. 
Walker, William C, killed at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862. 
Walheater, John 11,, died at Fairfax Station, Va., Dec. 30, 1862. 
Walker, Robei t D., died at Washington, D. C, May 1, 1863. 
Young, John B. 
Young, Thomas. 

CoJirAKY G. 
(The entire membership of Company G was mustered into the service 
of the United States on the 13th day of August, 1862, and mustered out 
on the 18lh d.iy of May, 1863, unless otherwise noted.) 
Capt. John McKeage. 
First Lieut. Samuel A. Andrews. 
Second Lieut. Thomas McCamant. 

First Sergt. Augustus Baton, pro. from sergt. Jan. 1, 1863. 
Sergt. John Swires. 
Sergt. George W. Vaughn. 
Sergt. John Hellwig. 

Sergt. James Rodgers, pro. from Corp. March 1, 1803. 
Sergt. David E. McCahan, disch. Feb. 13, 1863, for wounds received at 
Antietam, M.I., .Sept. 17, 1862. 

Prounkard, J. E., wounded at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862 

6\irg. certif. Feb. 11, 1863. 
Piper, Joseph H., died at Harper's Ferry, Va., Oct. 28, 1863 ; 

National Cemetery, Winchester, lot 25. 
Rol.ison, Albert. 

Scott, James P. 
Sellers, David M. 
; Antietnni, Md., Sept. 17, 1862 


1 out oTi the IStli (liiy of May, ISO:!, unlcf< 
H. Orejg. must, in Aug. 10, ISCJ. 
rohn rieiiiior, must, in Aug. 10, 1S02. 
t. Samuel F. Stewart, Diust. in Aug. 10, I 

Second Lieut. James T. Foa 
First Seigt. fJcorse P. Pain 
Sergt. Jesse E. March. 

SerKt. \V,lli.,ii, L. De Grant, pro. from Corp. Marcli I 

, 1803. 

Sergt. William II. Fleniior. 

Sergl. J..l„, W. Lytle, wonnrtej at Antietam, M,l., S. 

;pt. 17, 1.S02; 

.... si.rg. eertif. Feb. 21,1803. 

Corp. K,.l„.rt Wilson. 

Corp. W.lliam M. Davis. 

Corp. Henry r. Logan, pro. to corp. Oct. 21, 1SI12. 

Corp. Leuis Callahan, pro. to Corp. Oct. 21, 1802. 

Corp. Ilavi,! Shaffer, must, in Aug. 10,1802; pro. to 

Corp. Nov. 21 

Corp, Joseph Cox, pro. to Corp. March 1, ISO:!. 

Corp. Aili-on H. Cram, pro. to Corp. March 1, 1.S6:!. 

Corp. James A, C.u. Ii, pro. to Corp. M.irclL 1, 1803. 

Corii, Sim.oel ll.t.irU, ,lisch. on surg. certif. Keb. 14 

, 1803. 

Cur|. !■ M ( ,;; „.l;ill-l at Aniietam, Mil., Sept. 

17, 1S02; bur 



. on 6urg. certif. March 15, 1803. 

on surg. certif. Feb. 3, 1803. 

Shawley, David. 

Spangler, Jerry. 

Steel, Jacob, 
ied at Antietam, MJ., Sept. 17, 1802; dis 

snrg. certif. Dec. 5, 1802. 
awley, Daniel, disch. on surg. certif. Nov. 29, 1802. 
mogle, G.-orgo C, disch. ou surg. certif Bee. 10, 1802, 
Ison, Henry. Waldsmith, John ' 

ngale, Wdliam B. Wilson, John, 

ngate, Alexander B. 

(Company I was mustered into the service of the United States on tl 
13th day of August, 1802, and mustered out on the 18th day of Ma 
1803, e.tcept in ca.=cs designated by date.) 
Capt. William F. Thomas. 

1st Lieut, r.eorge Thomas, wounded at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1802. 
2d Lieut John D, Fee. 

irg. certif. Feb. 18, 1803. 

.Ill -III- 1 mil 

Bell, Anderson. 

Sergt, -Mlii.l »■'■ 

Bell, James A. 

wounds receive 

at mustei- out. 

Corp. John H. Sowi 

ntietam, Md., Sept. 17, 


; disch. 

Corp. John D. Code 
Corp. D. I'olter Col 

.tietam, Md., Sept. 17, 

1802 ; 


C^irp, Samuel ILaie 

, to c 

, 1803. 

la. h. ..II siiig. certif Dec. 10, 1.SG2. 

. II,, disch. on surg. certif. Dec. 10, 1802. 

™rge, wounded at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1802; di! 

rtif. Jan. l:!, 1803. 

ne, wounile.l at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1802. 

, Md., 

Dierfleld, James H., killed at Antietam, M.l, S. 
National Cemetery, section 2G, lot A, grave 2 
Kekley, Jac.b A. 

Gi.rsurb. Nalhan H., absent, sick, at nnisti-i out. 

Sept. 17,1862; disch. on sul 
Md., Sept. 17, 1S02; disch. 

lies B. Harris, pro. to Corp. March 20, 1.80:!. 

liel KaufTmnn, pro. to corp. .\pril 4, 1803. 

ilrew Harbison, pro. to Corp. April 10, 1803. 

Iliam A. Keister, disch. on surg. certif. March 20,1803. 

.vard H. Wist, killed at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1803. 
James H. Lightner. 

■tarn, Md., Sept. 17, 1802 
I Ferry, Va„ Nov. C, ISO; 

Coder, Samuel C. 

Clark, Thomas A. 

. on surg. certif. April 1, 1803. 
urg. certif. April 22, 1803. 
datAntictam, Md., Sept.l7, 1 

Mil., Sept. 17, 
Ilouck, W'ill 
Howard, Job 

tietam, Md., Sept. 
. 17, 1<02 ; died at 


Jamison, Benjamin, wounded at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862 j absent, 

ill liospitiil, at muster out. 
Martin, William, wounded at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1863. 
Miller, Frederick, wounded at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862. 
Midi, Solomon, wounded at Antietam, Md.,Sept. 17, 1862; disch. on 

McLiinglilin, W. H. Nee, Henry. 

Powell, Henry H. Ueady, Jolin. 

Koupe, Theodore, wounded atAntielani, Md., Sept. 17, 1802. 

Boupe, William. I!i].|de, (ieorge. 

Steele, William W. SanUey, Thomas J. 

Seeheck, John, wounded at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862. 

Smith, Christoiiher A. Shannon, Patrick. 

Scott, John W., missing in action at Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, 1803. 

Shaffer, Isaiah, wounded at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1802; disch. on 

surs;. cerlif. Feb. 19, 180:1. 
Snyder, Jo.siph, killed at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1S62. 



Warfel, Henry 0. 
Company K. 

(This com 

.any wa 

s mustered out of the service of the U 

May istb, e 

xeept in 

cases otherwise indicated.) 

Capt. Josepl 

W. Oa 

dner, must, in Aug. 10, 1802. 

First Lieut. 

Ed war. 

R. Dunegan, must, in Aug. 16, 1802. 

Second Lieu 

t. Danie 

1 J. Traves, must. iiiAiig. 10, 1802. 

First Seigt. 


B. Huff, must, iu Aug. U, 1S02; pro. fr 

Auk. ir 


Sergt. Josep 

1 H Bryan, must, in Aug. 14, 1862. 

Sergt. Willi 

iin Grai 

, must, in Aug. H, 1862. 

Selfit. IImkI 

i: Kii 

e. must, iu Aug. 14,1862. 

Sergt.. I..ln, 


i.iit in Aug. 14,1802. 

Corp, \V,lh 

ill .1 111 

"il, 1. nnist. in Aug. 14, 1862. 

Corp li.uil 

!■„ .,1U 

n.ii.t ill Aug. 14, 1862. 

Corp. Ci ..i„ 

« III 

-.11. must, in Aug. 14, 1862. 

Corp, .l.nn,. must, in Aug. 14, 1862; pro. to 

AkeiS, \\ : ■ \ ; , , \.,. I I. IM.J. 

Able,.!.. I.- 'I •, • ■ ,■■■,. I 1 I -I,:, 

Arbel, T im- C , .|. ill \n; Ir,, l.KiVi. 

Beatly, .lac..!., niiist, in Aug, 1 1, LSIIi, 
Buikheimer, M,, mu,st, in Aug. 14, 1802, 
Brunt, William, must, in Aug. 10, 1.SI12. 
Bendin, Simon, must, in Aug. 14, 1802; wounded 

Bierman, Frederick, must, in Aug. 14, 1802. 

t. in Aug. 14, isr,2; wounded i 
, -iN_: . .ilif r,,l, 9, 1S03. 

Beal, Jo 



, must, iu Aug. 

, 1862 ; 

it Antietam Sept. 17, 

t Antietam Sept. 17, 
Antietam, Md., Sept. 
urg. certif. Feb. 23, 
siirg. certif. Feb. 23, 

A. n,, must, in Aug. 10, 1802; wounded at Antietam, Md., 
Se|it. 17, 1802; died at Uarrlsburg, Pa„ Oct. 13, 1802; buried in 
Mount Kalma Cemetery. 

Cluck, Jacob, must, in Aug. 14, 1862. 

Collin, Ebsha U., must, in Aug. 14, 1802. 

Cook, Henry H., must, in Aug. 14, 1.S02. 

Crook, Peter, must, in Aug. 16, 1802. 

Conway, John A., must, in Aug. 16, 1862. 

Cratin, Joshua, must, in Aug. 16, 1802; killed at Antietam, Md., Sept. 

Bugles, Robert P., must, in Aug. 14, 1802; i 

April 28, 1803. 
Finney, Francis, must, in Aug. 14, 1862. 
Farrell, James, must, in Aug. 16, 1802. 
Grey, George W., must, in Aug. 10, 1862. 
Gates, Heni-y A., must, in Aug. 10, 1SC2, 
Huftier, Frederick, must, in Aug. 14, 1802 ; w. 

Hall, Hdniund, must, in Aug. 14, 1802. 
Hicks, Josiah D.. must, in Aug. 14, 1802. 
Hobart, Bartb..l..mew, must, in Aug. 10, 1802. 
Inlow, Francis, must, in Aug. 10, 1802. 

Washington, D. C, 

, Gem 

. 14, 

. in Aug. 10, 1802 

nded at Antietam, Md,, 

ndod at Antietam, Md., 

King, Jame.s, must, in Aug. 16, 1862. . 

Lee, Martin, must, iu Aug. 14, 1862. 

Louden, Geoi'ge M., must, in Aug. 14, 1802 ; died at Harper's Ferry, Va., 

Dec. 2.5, 1 862. 
Mathew,^. John, must, in Aug. 14, 18li2. 

Main-r, ,1,,., , 1, ,,.„,i ,,, \„_ 1 I I .r, :. 

Mabii-, I ., '. I ,1 ',. :, \. I ; I ., J ; died in Maryland Oct, 21, 1802. 

McLuiM', '.. : . ,, . I , : \ , . I I |-.i,J, 

McMilll.n, ,i,,|i,, I, , IMU I 11, \n . li,, |,m;2. 

McCleary, Saniiul, must, in Aug. 10, 1S02; wounded at Anlielani Sept. 

17, 1802. 
McGough, Charles, must, in Aug. 16, 1802. 
McGougb, Silas A., must, in .^ng. 10, 1802. 
McGuire, Hiram, must, in Aug. 10, 1862; wounded at Antietam, Md., 

elphia. Pa., 

McDemitt, Michael A., must, in Aug. 16, 1862 ; died a 

of wounds received at Antietam Sept. 17, 1802. 
McDemitt, Louis 0., must, in Aug. 10, 1862; died at Booneville, Md., 

Oct. IS, of wounds received at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1802. 
Noel, MichaclJ., must, in Aug. 10, 1862. 
Orr, Aaron F., must, in Aug. 14, 1802. , 

Rodman, Jolin, must, in Aug. 14, 1802. 
Rhodes, Jacob, must, in Aug. 14, 1862. 
Rhodes, Abraham, must, in Aug. 14, 1862; wounded at Antietam Sept. 

17, 1862. 
Rhodes, Isaac, must, in Aug. 14, 1802. 
Rnmiley, William R., must, in Aug. 14, 1862. 
Kobinson, James H,, must, in Aug. 14, 1802. 
Reiuhart, Joseph, must, in Aug. 14, 1802. 
Richard, George, must, in Aug. 14, l.%2. 
Speilinan, William P., must, in Aug. 14, 1.S02. 
String, William, must, in Aug. 14, 1802. 
Sneger, Hugh, must, in Aug. 14, 1862. 
Smith, Robert, must, in Aug. 16, 1862; wounded at Antietam, Md., Sept. 

17, 1802; absent, in hospital, at muster out. 
Shafer, .Jacob, must, in Aug. 16, 1862. 
Ti ought, Frederick, must, in Aug. 14, 1802. 
Taiiiey, Francis P., must, in Aug. 16, 1802. 
Weaktield, Tlainia-s, must, in Aug. 14, 1802. 
Ward, Fm I, II. 1, ( , 1111--1 ui ,\ug. 14, 1862; died Sept. Ill, of wounds 

n-i.i. n \i i, I -pf, 17, 1802; buried in National Cemetery, 

Wright, « 111, III! I, , hill, I ill Aug. 14, 1802. 


1802; wounded 1 

am, Md., 

The One Hundred and Forty-seventh Regiment 

was ofo-anized in the fieM {at Loiiilcni Hciglits, Va.), 
Oct. 10, l.SGii, it beiiiK formed <if ConiiKiiiies L, M, N, 



O, and P of the Twenty-eighth Regiment, with three 
new eominuiies froni Diiuphin County. Company O 
of tlie Twenty-eighth was from Huntingdon County, 
as has already been noticed in the history of that 
regiment. It became (!om]iany B of the One Hun- 
dred and Forty-seventh. Tlio regiment was placed 
under command of Lieut. -Col. Ario Pardee, Jr., who 
was promoted to that grade from major of the Twenty- 
eighth. Two new conipanies were afterwards added 
to the On.' lluiidrrd and Furly-sevcnth, bringing its 
strength up to llif u-unl standard, and Lieut.-Col. 
Pardee wa. pn.nioted to colonel iMarch IH, 18G4), 
and John ('raig was promoted to major. 

On the 10th of December the regiment moved to 
Fairfax Court-House, and immediately after to the 
Rappahannock, but arrived too late to particii)ate in 
the battle of Fredericksburg. In January, 1863, it 
took part in Burnside's " Mud March," and after its 
fruitless close went into camp at StafTord Court- 
House, Va. Soon afterwards it went into winter- 
quarters at Acquia Landing. 

In the spring campaign of ISii:? the regiment 
cro.ssed the Rappahannock, and arrived at Chancel- 
lorsville Jlay 1st. It became engaged with the 
enemy on that day and in tlie early part of the 2d. 
On the evening of the 2d, when the right gave way 
before the tremendous assault of " Stonewall" Jack- 
son's veterans, the regiment received a heavy attack, 
but held its ground through the night. On the 3d the 
brigade was engaged, and, overpow'ered by numbers, 
compelled to fall back, vacating the defenses which 
had been thrown up. They were soon after retaken, 
■with many prisoners, from the enemy. The position, 
however, could not be held, and the brigade again 
fell back. Again it advanced along the plank-road, 
but was again repulsed. It then fell back to a new 
and more contracted line, which was held through 
the conflirt, the regiment not being again closely 
engaged. It^ In-x-; ,it ( 'iKinccllorsville were seventy- 
three'killrd aii.l w..un.l..d and twenty-four missing.' 

northward with thr army in .Iiinc, and arriv.-d on the 
field ..f (irttv-luii- July 1-t, It. (ir-t pn-iti..n was 
between tin- two licund 'I'mi-, luit it iiuived during 
thenighl toCnlp-s Hill. It was en-aged through all 

the foivn.M ■ the :M ..f .Tnly, stainling firm against 

repeated cliar;;vs of the cnnny. Its loss atiicttvs- 
burgwas killed and wound, d. Alt.r the 
battle it moved with the aiuiy into Vii-inia, and 
took part in th,' later operation, of tli.' -nniin. r. In 


Hooker), was transferred to the Army of the t'nin- 
berlaud. It was moved by railroad to Louisville, 
Ky., thence to Na.shville, to TuUahoma, and to 
Bridgei)ort, .Ua., on the Tennessee River. Moving 
up the valley of the Tennessee from Bridgeport to 
the vicinity of Chattanooga, it fouglit in the " battle 
above the 'clouds" (,n Lookout .Mountain. November 

24th. The enemy was driven from the mountain, and 
when the mists lifted above the rocky palisade in the 
morning of the 25th the flag of the " White Star 
division" (Geary's) was seen waving from the sum- 
mit. In this battle the Union forces captured nine- 
teen hundred and forty prisoners, two thousand stand 
of arms, two pieces of artillery, nine battle-flags, 
lorty thousand rations, and a very large amount of 
camp and garrison equipage. 

From Lookout the regiment moved with its divis- 
ion up Chattanooga Valley in pursuit of the enemy, 
by Rossville, to Ringgold, Ga., where the One Hun- 
dred and Forty-seventh fought in an engagement, 
suffering considerable loss. Here the pursuit was 
abandoned, and the troops returned to winter-.juar- 
ters on the Tennessee. 

In the Atlanta campaign of ]Sti4 the regiment 
fought at Rocky Face Ridge, May Sth ; at Resaca, 
May loth (with loss often killed and wounded) ; and 
on the 25th of May at Hope Church, where Capt. J. 
Addison Moore, of B company, was wounded. .Vfter 
these engagements fighting was almost continuous 
for a month, and the regiment was frequently en- 
gaged. It fought at Pine Knob, June 15th, losing 
sixteen killed and wounded; again on the 16th and 
ISth, losing ten killed and wounded; at Kenesaw 
Mountain (June 27th), and at Peach-Tree Creek 
(July 20th), with but slight loss. 

After the fall of Atlanta the regiment saw no more 
fighting. It moved with Sherman's army on the 
famous " march to the sea," arriving at Savannah 
December 21st. From Savannah it moved north 
through the Carolinas, and after the surrender of 
Johnston's army marched through Virginia to Wash- 
ington, D. C, where it took part in the grand review 
of the ariny. May 24th. It was mustered out of 
service July 15, 1865. 

One Hundred and Forty-ninth Regiment.— 
This regiment was raised in July and August. ISGi, 
and rendezvoused at Ilarrisburg, where it was organ- 
ized under command of Col. Roy Stone, previously 
major of the famous " Bucktail" regiment' of the 
Reserves. The lieutenant-colonel was Walton Dwiglit, 
and the major George W. Speer, of Huntingdon, 
wdiich county furnished one of the companies com- 
posing the- regiment, viz.. Company I, of which the 
original captain was George W. Speer, who upon his 
promotion to the grade of major was succeeded in 
the command of the company by Capt. Brice X. Blair, 
of Huntingdon. 

On receipt of the news of the invasion of Maryland 
by the Confederate army umler Oen. Lee, in the fall 
of ISiiLl, the regiment left Harrisburg and proceeded 
to Washington. It did not, however, take the field 
at once, but remained at and in the vicinity of the 

ind KiMty-sevontli wm nlso called tlie " Buck- 
men wore the dislinguisliing Imdge.tlie butli's 



capital until February, 1863, when it joined Gen.