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1 H 






^n ... 

Peter Sellars' historical perspective on one orga- 
nization's relationship to its city is an educating 
experience of how a group evolves and adapts 
with social events of the day. The History of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows in the City of 
San Francisco is an in-depth study of how one 
organization expanded with its city. Over a 100- 
year period is covered in this book, where the 
men who were part of this Order will surprise 
the reader. It is not a dry "scholarly piece," but 
an easily written and visual record of a fraternity 
interacting within the city of San Francisco, be- 
fore it was even called San Francisco. Here, the 
history is completely focused on the Order in 
San Francisco and woven with the city itself. 
The rich and in-depth story, taken from old min- 
utes, scarce books, and oral tradition, uncovers 
a fascinating history. 

The cover photograph was taken in 1904. It is perhaps one 
of the best photographs of the Odd Felloivs building at 1th & 
Market Streets in San Francisco, Two years later, the build- 
ing ivas destroyed. 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 




An Early Fraternal Organization 


Peter V. Sellars 

Copyright © 2007 

ISBN: 978-0-9799174-0-0 

Library of Congress Control Number: 2007906063 

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or 
transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, 
including photocopying, recording, or by information storage and 
retrieval systems, without the written permission of the publisher, 
except by a reviewer who may quote brief passages in a review. 

Printed in the United States of America 


This project could not have been as thoroughly completed without the 
generosity and assistance of the following: 

David W. Bandy, author and researcher (San Francisco), Laurie 
Prescott, Past President Rebekah Assembly (California), Christopher 
Craig (historian), John Meierdierks (Grand Scribe of the Grand En- 
campment of California), John Freeman and Darlene Thorne for use of 
their photographs and postcard collection, James Sossaman (Past 
Grand Master), Margareut K. Oleson (Secretary of the Rebekah Assem- 
bly of California), Jeremy Ritter for his mastery of digital imaging, Jane 
Hernandez for her direction and clarity conveying this writing, the 
Bancroft Library, San Francisco Public Library, San Francisco Histori- 
cal Society, and IRIS Photo-Digital (San Francisco). 

Table of Contents 

Introduction ix 

Chapter 1 The Order 1 

Chapter 2 The Beginning 9 

Chapter 3 The Names 19 

Chapter 4 The Move 43 

Chapter 5 The Library 47 

Chapter 6 The Cemetery 51 

Chapter 7 The Odd Fellows Building— 1884 65 

Chapter 8 The Events 73 

Chapter 9 Tragedy Strikes— April 1906 103 

Chapter 10 The Odd Fellows Building— 1909 1 15 

Chapter 11 The Wars 125 

Chapter 12 The End of the Cemeteries in San Francisco 135 

Chapter 13 What Once Was . . . 141 

Chapter 14 The Quotes 161 

Chapter 15 The Progression — Then and Now 167 

Bibliography 179 

Index 185 




Through photographs, images, and narrative accounts of the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows in San Francisco, one might see the 
impact this organization made on just one city in America. The focus 
of this project is the historical perspective of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows and how it relates to the history of San Francisco. 

The constant temptation to include more interesting information 
and other members from other areas of the state arose, but the story 
stayed on its scholarly track (focusing on San Francisco), with the ex- 
ception of only one individual: Earl Warren is mentioned because he 
was one of the last notable public figures to hold membership in the 
Odd Fellows, and because he belonged to a lodge close in proximity to 
San Francisco. For his connection with the Odd Fellows, he is men- 
tioned in the text of this project. 

The discovery of gold not only brought most of the gold seekers 
to California via the docks of San Francisco, but it also brought people 
of all backgrounds and of different fraternal organizations. The Odd 
Fellows owes its early formation in San Francisco to the Gold Rush, as 
the city itself owes its rapid growth to the same. 

The Independent Order of Odd Fellows was a powerful organiza- 
tion, having in its ranks notable figures. Its membership included 
congressmen, judges, police chiefs, attorneys, wealthy businessmen, 
newspaper moguls, blue-collar or white-collar workers, plus those of 
meager means. They all joined in the lodge room of Odd Fellowship. 


x ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

In a letter dated May 23, 1934, from the American Trust Company 
to one of the Odd Fellows lodges inviting the members of the lodge to 
attend an Eightieth Anniversary of the bank, it was written, "your- as- 
sociation reflects an important cross-section of our pioneer history." It 
was evident others saw the Odd fellows as being significant in the build- 
ing of San Francisco. 

The Great Earthquake & Fire affected the people of the city, as it 
affected its populace belonging to the Odd Fellows, and the organiza- 
tion itself. This story will relate that distressful time to the reader. 
While we almost lost a fraternity, the efforts of the Odd Fellows in 1906 
helped to save the city. It provided relief to thousands of individuals, 
members and nonmembers alike. When martial law kept everyone out 
of the disaster area (the city), the Odd Fellows Relief Committee was 
given permission by the governor to access the city and provide help 
because it was already set up for this type of relief work. 

The fact that most of the documents, photographs, literature, and 
other items were lost in 1906 due to the destruction of the Great Quake 
and the destruction of Odd Fellows Building made this project all the 
more challenging. However, with the kind assistance and direction by 
several friends and members of the Odd Fellows, enough information 
was put together to offer this insight of the early days of Odd Fellows 
in San Francisco. 

Today, the Order is still in San Francisco. Although the organiza- 
tion has been swallowed up by an ever-growing modern society, it is 
still here. Some have incorrectly labeled the Odd Fellows as a "secret 
society," but that is far from the truth. Sadly, today it is — what many 
refer to as — "the best kept secret," but this is an unwelcome title and 
has deprived those in our communities the opportunity of personal en- 
richment through self-growth. Likewise, it has denied the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows a potential membership that could lend its own 
experiences to the strength, will, and knowledge of this fellowship. 
There are no secrets for those interested in the Odd Fellows. The orga- 
nization has been alive in San Francisco since 1849, officially instituted 
before California became a state. 

Introduction ■ xi 

Although the philosophical aspect of the Order is not the center 
of this work, some of the ideology does occasionally permeate the story. 
It is absurd to label the Independent Order of Odd Fellows as an "imi- 
tator" of the Freemasons, as is done from time to time by those 
individuals ignorant of its teachings. In fact, it was extremely common- 
place in the late 1800s and early 1900s to find men belonging to both 
organizations, because these were, in fact, two very different groups 
having different practices and principles. Where the Masons were vastly 
different, the Odd Fellows only used their "secret signs" and passwords 
to dissuade imposters and to avoid distributing financial benefits to 

Since 1849, the organization gave to its members, as well as non- 
members of San Francisco, a library, a literary club, and emergency 
relief funds. It also supported and participated in citywide-related 
events, welcomed dignitaries, buried the dead, provided a cemetery, 
aided the communities during times of disaster, provided a bank, and 
supported numerous other endeavors lending to the expansion of this 
great new "City-by-the-Bay." 

This writing correlates the growth of San Francisco with those ac- 
tivities of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. It also chronicles the 
activities and accomplishments of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows in San Francisco through historical documentation and related 
images. This book covering the period from 1849 to 1949 is a marker 
for historical measure and will appeal to audiences with an interest in 
or a love for San Francisco. 

Chapter I 

The Order 

"All-Seeing Eye" 

The all-seeing eye is watching you. This is what you believe if you 
are a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. The eye 
reminds one that a Higher Being is always scrutinizing one's ac- 
tions and thoughts. The skull and crossbones force one to be reminded 
of his or her mortality, and the duty to seek a proper burial or place of 
rest for a departed brother or sister. These symbols also encourage one 
to value the memory of that departed person's virtues. The scythe is the 
symbol of death. The serpent signifies wisdom; and the coffin is the final 
place of rest for a person. These are just a few symbols used by the Odd 
Fellows for hundreds of years. 

Three-Links" and "Skull and Cross Bones" 

"Symbols of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows' 

The Order ■ 3 

The Odd Fellows live by the meanings of these mentioned symbols 
and act upon them to affect positive change in the world; each mem- 
ber of the Odd Fellows lives by this moral code daily. Was this a "secret 
organization"? Yes. But only secret in so far as to protect the Order 
from providing aid to imposters. It kept its organization's works secret 
like any corporation keeps its plans and strategies secret from competi- 
tors. Often, these imposters were caught and the membership was 
notified of the offense. 

The Grand Lodge, I. O. O. P., of the State of California, 

Office of the Grand Master, 

San Diego, Cal., June 24, 1914. 


To all Subordinate Lodges, I. O. O. P., under the Jurisdiction of 

the Grand Lodge, I. O. O. P., of the State of California. 
Dear Sirs and Brothers: 

There is a man named George Krouse, traveling about the 
State representing himself as a member of Calumet Lodge, No. 601, 
I. O. O. F., of Hammond, Indiana, stating that he is without funds, 
has a family to support and a job to work if he can secure a loan 
of ten dollars for thirty days; he shows an Official Certificate, good 
for some months or about to the beginning of 1915. Said Krouse 


was a member of Calumet Lodge, No. 601, but was expelled about 
one year ago, his receipt being dated to September 30, 1913. If he 
has a receipt dated in advance of that date, it is a forgery and he 
is obtaining money from the Lodges in this Jurisdiction under false 
pretenses; if you can locate him, I would advise having him ar- 
rested as an imposter and as a warning to others who may try 
this game. He is a man about 5-ft. 7-in., weighs about 165 or 170 
pounds, full faced, some freckles, sandy complexion, and has a 
heavy beard but keeps it shaved off clean; has belonged to Sub- 
ordinate Lodge, Encampment and Canton branches of the Order. 
He claims to be married. The last heard of him was in the vicinity 
of Los Angeles, where he received a loan of ten dollars from the 
General Relief Committee and which has not been returned. 

Fraternally yours, 

Grand Master. 
Attest: H. D. RICHARDSON, 

Grand Secretary. 

The preceding two images are a description of an imposter (con man), trying to obtain 
money from lodges; from the 1915 Journal of Proceedings. 

4 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 


of ti\t £>tatr nf (Caltfurma 


San Francisco, Cal., July 25, 1907. 

To ai! Lodges Subordinate to the Grand Lodge, I. O. O. F., of the State of California, Greeting: 

We are in receipt of a letter from Orangedale Lodge, No. 2 1 1 , I. O. O. F., Kings River, Cal, reciting 
that a Brother of that Lodge, named Charles J. Haywards, has disappeared. He had been acting as Treasurer 
and when he left in June last, is reported to have in his possession, $440. 1 3 of the Lodge's money. 

His description, as furnished by Orangedale Lodge, is as follows: "Charles J. Haywards, about 40 
years of age, 6 feet 2 inches in height, large, raw-boned, slightly stooped, rough, quick-talking man; has his right 
hand crippled, as if crushed or drawn up by some accident, is light complected, weighs about 160 pounds. He 
left the station at Del Rey, on the Santa Fe, Sunday, June 1 0, 1 907, and bought tickets for Oakland. He 
was accompanied by his wife and two children, a boy and girl about J 2 and 1 4 years of age. They had 
worked, previous to coming to Kings River, at Point Richmond, and Watsonville. They are working people. 
The man likes to work around houses, is a good teamster, driving four to ten horses. They were seen in San 
Francisco, between the I Ith and 15th of June, 1907." 

If the brother should present himself at your Lodge, please report to the Grand Secretary. 

Fraternally yours, 


Grand Master. 

Attest : 


Grand Secretary. 

A letter sent to all Odd Fellows Lodges, describing a thief. Letters warning against flim flam 
men and imposters were also mailed to and from other lodges, as these were regular 
occurrences in the order.This particular notice was sent out on July 25, 1907. 

The main tenet of Odd Fellowship is to "relieve the distressed, 
bury the dead, and educate the orphan." The Order seeks u to improve 
the character of mankind" by employing its main principles of Friend- 
ship, Love, and Truth. 

The name "Odd Fellows" is derived from England during an era 
when it was thought to be strange or "odd" for people to aid each other 

The Order ■ 5 








Pasadena. Calif 

San Francisco. California 
June \ 1929. 



"Charles Williamm" claiming membership in Park City Lodge No. 7, Park City. Utah, 
obtained seven dollars from Pajaro Lodge, No. 90, Watsonville. 

Hi? assertion of membership proved upon telegraphing said Lodge to be false and he was 
arrested after he had cashed the warrant, and was charged with "petty theft." 
He has pleaded "not guilty" and will be tried. 

Lodges should watch for this fellow as he will in time be released and may attempt similar 

Dark complexion Weight about 160 pounds 

Aged about 45 years Wearing shabby dark blue suit 

Height 5 feet 10 inches 
This description also fits a man who under ot her "aliases" and claiming membership in Colorado 
Lodges has been delrauding other Lodges in California. 

Moral — Before advancing relief, telegraph the purported member's Lodge. 


A rare "wanted" poster, with an image of an individual accused of defrauding lodges. 1929. 

by means of mutual benefit. When the group organized officially, it 
named itself the Odd Fellows. Another factor lending to the name Odd 
Fellows was that, during the first half of the eighteenth century, trades- 
men or professionals neither belonging to a union or guild were 
referred to as being "odd." 

6 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

On April 26, 1819, after several years attempting to establish the 
fraternity in America, it finally established itself at the Seven Stars Inn, 
in Baltimore, Maryland. Thomas Wildey is recognized as the founder of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in North America. Expansion 
continued across the country. As America grew, so did the Odd Fellow- 
ship. In 1849, it had taken hold in Yerba Buena, what is now called San 
Francisco. The rest is history. 

"Thomas Wildey, the Founder of Odd Fellowship in America' 

The Order ■ 7 

Because the focus of this book looks closely at the history of San 
Francisco Odd Fellows, it should be pointed out that the Order's his- 
tory is every bit as rich in other cities and towns throughout country. 
The Order has enjoyed the memberships of four United States presi- 
dents, the latest being Franklin D. Roosevelt. Literally scores of 
prominent figures in U.S. history have been part of Odd Fellowship. 



February 26, 1936 

Dear Brother Deans: 

Please accept ray thanks for your kind lettsr 
of February twenty- fourth. As the years pass I am more 
and more convinced that the beneficent policy which has 
actuated our order was formulated on a sound basis and 
has been executed with true wisdom. 

We have ever incorporated in our good works, 
education, establishment of homes for the aged, the in- 
digent, the widow and the orphan so that it is our proud 
boast that every Grand Lodge in the United States has one 
or more of these institutions or has taken steps toward 
their establishment. So I think ours is a record to be 
proud of. I should greatly appreciate it if I may through 
you extend hearty felicitations to all members of our order. 

Fraternally yours , 

^yt^/c/*^ Af*/^**-***- — 

Mr. Parke P. Deans, 

Grand Sire, 

Sovereign Grand Lodge of the I.O.Q.F. 

State Office Building, 

Richmond, Virginia. 

Letter from Odd Fellow member Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States. 

Chapter 2 

The Beginning 

The Gold Rush of 1849 brought more than gold seekers to Califor- 
nia. It brought entrepreneurs of many trades, those dreaming of 
opportunities of wealth, fame, and fortune. It brought hordes of 
people to northern California, most of which came by way of sea on 
wooden ships, boats of all sizes, clippers, frigates, and even steamboats. 
These opportunists also traveled over the rough trail of what was then 
called the Kit Carson Pass. Today, it is simply called Carson Pass. Of 
course, the primary destinations were either Yerba Buena — later 
named San Francisco, or Sutter's Fort — later to become Sacramento. 

"Forty-Niners". Many of these miners helped establish early lodges in 
California. Circa 1 849. (Courtesy of Bancroft Library) 

10 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

The Gold Rush of 1849 also brought many people who had be- 
longed to clubs, social, and fraternal organizations back home in the 
eastern states. One of these groups was the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, an organization first originating in England and officially ar- 
riving in 1819 to Baltimore, Maryland. Many Odd Fellows, while 
traveling over the mountainous trails, would carve into the rocks or 
trees their three-links symbol. Along the pass they would also spread 
the goodwill of the Order. 

Although several men attempted to establish an Odd Fellows 
lodge in San Francisco prior to the Gold Rush, none remained long 
enough in town to form a permanent lodge. However, Odd Fellowship 
in California would have to wait a little longer, as most of the new ar- 
rivals headed for the Sierra. It was not until after the Gold Rush had 
had time to cause miners to give up and return to the city that enough 
men would be available to institute a lodge. These so-called gold 
searchers met with hardships and would eventually return from the 
rivers, creeks, and mountains, searching for a place to settle. 

Prior to being instituted in California, the few pioneer members 
hailing originally from other states tried in vain to find other members 
needed to establish a charter; at least five members were required. "In 
August, an attempt was made. A former member of the Order, walking 
the streets, ringing a bell, proclaiming in loud tones that all Odd Fel- 
lows were invited to assemble that evening in the little school house 
(located on Portsmouth Square) to organize a lodge." 

Samuel Brannan's newspaper, the California Star, invited friends 
and Odd Fellows to gather at Portsmouth house. The ad read: 

"Notice. — The friends of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
are respectfully invited to attend a meeting of the Order on Tuesday 
evening next, at the Portsmouth house. Many Odd Fellows. San Fran- 
cisco, December 4, 1847." 

About a dozen Odd Fellows responded by showing up at the 
Portsmouth house. Although this group held no charter or dispensa- 
tion, it still resolved to organize an Odd Fellows lodge in San Francisco. 
The members present selected Dr. E. P. Jones as their Noble Grand, 

The Beginning ■ I I 

Samuel Brannan as the Vice Grand, and John Joice as Secretary of the 
lodge. For a period of time, the Odd Fellows met at the Portsmouth 
house until it "fitted up a lodge-room in a framed building at Clarke's 
Point." Clarke's Point was a rocky piece of landmass located just below 
Telegraph Hill running out into the San Francisco Bay, near what are 
now Broadway and Battery streets. 

Then came the Gold Rush, where nearly everyone left town. The 
members had burnt all of the important documents and stored the re- 
galia and other items to keep them from falling into the wrong hands. 
A later fire, as there were many in San Francisco, destroyed the stored 
lodge items. Another attempt was tried to establish Odd Fellows in the 
town, but could not keep enough men around long enough to stabi- 
lize a lodge. 

Even though a dispensation, dated January 12, 1849, was issued 
by the Grand Lodge of the United States to form a new Odd Fellows 
lodge in San Francisco, it was not until September 9, 1849, and after 
many attempts of trying to keep enough members with current creden- 
tials around long enough, that California Lodge No. 1 was instituted. 
This was the first official Odd Fellows lodge in California. 

James Smiley was one of the original five members allowed to in- 
stitute the new lodge. On September 9, 1849, he instituted California 
Lodge No. 1. The charter members of this new lodge were R. H. Taylor, 
H. W. Herley, E. C. Franklin, John M. Coughlin, Julius Rose, William 
Burling, J. N. Dall, David Jobson, and Lewis Tramble. Exactly one year 
later, California was admitted into the Union as the thirty-first state. As 
the state grew, so did Odd Fellowship. From this first membership 
there would blossom a membership numbering approximately sixty 
thousand in the jurisdiction of California. 

Not only did the Odd Fellowship rapidly spread east and north 
from San Francisco all the way into the mining areas, but also to the 
south, first springing up in San Jose on December 30, 1854, then arriv- 
ing in Los Angeles three months later on March 29, 1855. The growth 
of the Odd Fellowship kept pace with the growth of humanity. 

Once California Lodge had been instituted, Sacramento Lodge 
No. 2 was formed in Sacramento, another jump-off point to the gold 

12 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

mines. This was significant because the fraternity spread as the Gold 
Rush spread. The next several lodges came to Eureka, Stockton, Oak 
Park; then to places like Auburn, Diamond Springs, Sonora, Grass Val- 
ley, Nevada City, Tuolumne, and further into gold country. Wherever 
gold seekers went, Odd Fellowship spread. 

Back in San Francisco, Odd Fellowship was growing exponen- 
tially. The Order had even been supplying the new members to these 
faraway places by financing and assisting them in their travels to the 
mines. Members from distant places sought relief and assistance al- 
most as quickly as they departed the ships, and the number of lodges 
grew from a single lodge in 1849 to 120 lodges in only 15 years. The 
Order was flourishing. 

Once the Order was established in California, it immediately went 
to work in practicing its doctrines of relieving the distressed, visiting 
the sick, and burying the dead. In 1849 and 1850, a young doctor, also 
an Odd Fellow, John Frederick Morse, took up the calling of helping 
those who suffered from "the terrible scourge of cholera," as it was 
called, a sickness never before seen in California. 

It is a fact, "the I.O.O.F. [the Independent Order of Odd Fellows] 
was the first American fraternal order to offer its members financial 
benevolences with regard to relief of the sick, distressed, orphans and 
burial of deceased members." 

In 1853, after the initial pioneer lodges had been instituted, 
Samuel Parker, a Past Grand Master from the East, came to San Fran- 
cisco to establish a Grand Lodge in order to direct and assist the new 
lodges. Parker became the first Grand Master in California. "The pre- 
liminary meeting for the institution of the Grand Lodge of California 
was held in the old hall of the Order on Kearny Street, San Francisco 
on April 11, 1853, at 11 o'clock A M." Twenty-two lodges existed at this 
time. By 1899, 351 lodges were active in the state and there were over 
thirty thousand members. 

As a characteristic, the Odd Fellows believed that the "Visiting 
Committee" (members of a lodge chosen to visit the sick) was its most 

The Beginning ■ 13 

important value. In an era where many men suffered while working 
under extreme conditions, it was not uncommon that many became 
very ill. Another characteristic was that when a member died, a proper 
burial would be provided and guaranteed. As once stated, [in] "our his- 
tory no Odd Fellow has knowingly been permitted to be buried in an 
unknown grave." The Order acquired many plots in order to provide 
burial locations for members. 

It was only natural for the organization to place its Grand Lodge 
in San Francisco, since this had been the place where it all began. The 
largest lodges in the state were in San Francisco. There were over thirty 
lodges in the city, an Odd Fellows cemetery, a Relief Association, a li- 
brary, and a faction for women — called the Rebekahs. The fraternity 
had both its prominent members, as well as lesser-known members. 
There were judges, doctors, politicians, carpenters, and tradesmen of 
nearly all aspects of life. Past Grand Master William W. Morrow was ap- 
pointed a U.S. district judge of California by President Harrison, and 
6 years later became a U.S. circuit judge for the Ninth Judicial Circuit, 
appointed by President William McKinley. 

In 1928, at the height of its membership in California, the Odd 
Fellows in San Francisco enjoyed a membership of 5,431 members. Of 
the 58,882, not including the Rebekahs, Encampments, and other bod- 
ies of the organization, approximately 10 percent were active in the 
San Francisco. Odin Lodge No. 393, a Swedish-speaking lodge, and 
Morse Lodge No. 257, named in honor of the late Dr. John Frederick 
Morse, boasted the largest memberships, with 608 and 438 members 

The Relief Association was formed to assist those who became ill, 
as many people found themselves without the means to survive the or- 
deals of health problems associated with working in and around gold 
mines. When no one else seemed to be able to help these people, the 
Odd Fellows were there for them. The Relief Association was even com- 
mitted to burying the dead. It is stated, "Men were still buried in the 
filth of an unattended sickness, and frequently without the benefit of 
being sewed up in a blanket for internment. . . . The Association of Odd 

14 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Fellows spent thousands of dollars for coffins alone; and, when General 
A. M. Winn [an Odd Fellow] became the executive officer of the city gov- 
ernment, August 25 th [1849], no man was denied a coffin burial." 

The Odd Fellows in San Francisco worked in vain at times just to 
assist thousands of new arrivals who found themselves in a new land 
with no money, no family, and no one to assist them when they were 
ill. Many were in this predicament or worse even before stepping off the 
steamers. On occasion, the Relief Committee hired attorneys to defend 
Odd Fellows in courts of law; it also supplied clothing to needy, and it 
helped widows of members find homes. 

It is a less-known fact that the Odd Fellows at Seventh & Market 
streets established an Odd Fellows Employment Club. In 1919, a com- 
mittee had been tasked with gathering the names and skills of those 
members needing work, and then another list of employers seeking 

P 6 UK 10 



Assorted telegrams. 

The Beginning ■ 15 





SECRETARY ^ j * Q „ 







LOO D£fEf?sf.O 
Nt..Y~ ".Casus Lettcr 

wa i wee* En& u 

. . . : 2 APR 16 1929 




YOUH CITY . 1 3 AT ■ \LSTE & 30 1123 •■-'• - ; - >T PLEA; 

funera;. its .. l 11 A.: sly a.uv isi 



Assorted telegrams. 

16 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 


Class of Service 

This is a full-rote 
Telegram or Cable- 
gram unless its de- 
terred character is in- 
dicated hy a suitable 
f i<m above or preced- 
ing the address. 


its n 

(VICE ,20 






- Ni.l.l Mr. «■ 


" N'i«ht Letter 

U '. 

- Deferred CHe 

( LI 


- C»Me Utter 

- Week-Eod Leu. 


a on full-rat*! t«t«gmiiui itntl day letter:*, and tUo time o( r 

Received at 1307 Market St., San Francisco. Calif. Telephone Sutter 4321, Local 248^ 
FA131 19 1C EXTRA' VIA WF DUPL I CATE=? I c E ! r ^ 


16 PM 2 12 

I T r E E I 






Class of Service 

This is a 


Telegram or 


gram unless 

its de- 
er is in- 

dicatcd by a 



trig the addn 



Ht'LT » Vt'eek-EjKi 

Tfea alio* time as shown in the data line or 

Receiv«»H at 


:,-r;u: n su<J aay 1. ;. !«m, .u'i <;:-■ i..:!.^ >•/ r^vipi a j. ^; i;utivr* a-» shown oti ait ttwm*t«, k STANDARD TIME. 






Assorted telegrams. 

The Beginning ■ 17 




DL » n»r Later 

: - Niijhr Movw 

he |>rehi-«orio? atlw<i»n- litso <>n !• terrains aadduj lakR ami O.i-timeof iwivl at <k..iiLsl».u » U-«l> i>n ull n.eawgus. is STAXI)AIU> TIME. 

gg^ rn><.RU'n > Market St., San Francisco. Calif. *'*.?.* 


5EHERAL HELiEF C0y? s !TTEE 101 










»whr»i»s» us to say that a 

Tru.i *.«*«: rsoly isdrsired 

a i i .. .^ 


j tUtag tijce « efcown in I bet 

AK2 C ? 32 1 EXTRA=F 


! EF 




Assorted telegrams. 

18 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 




f MOMS "i 

V " '"V 

c uti f uli-rat*j Uk%Tiiti*}i uit*i U&j ktUft), tun) the litem c 

Received at 722 Market bt., ban Francisco, Calif., "«•«• 

1 ! 

wwt.iiN i!MiiN(;in iisiiui- ,;i.i. \p- < <n am. occasions 

Assorted telegrams. 

Chapter 3 

The Names 

Templar Lodge No. 17 boasted many popular members who were 
society's elite, but lodges in the country had rich and poor, blue- 
collar and white-collar workers, and people of various back- 
grounds. Some of the better known members of San Francisco's 
Templar Lodge included Judge Lorenzo Sawyer, Honorable Charles A. 
Sumner (U.S. senator), Elias Driggs Farnsworth (Past Grand Sire, 
I.O.O.F.), Sheldon Gaylord Kellogg (famous attorney), Jacob Lorrilard 
van Bokkelen (once a member of the Committee of Vigilance of 1851 
and the Sixth Grand Master, 1858-1859), Jacob Miller, William Chap- 
man Ralston, founder of the Bank of California and noted as the "Man 
Who Built San Francisco," and Rueben Headley Lloyd, a pioneer lawyer 
of San Francisco who was a millionaire, having owned properties on 
Union Square Avenue, Front and Commercial streets, Sutter and Scott 
streets, Second and Folsom streets, Sutter, Mason and Geary streets, 
and Ellis and Hyde streets. 

In fact, Rueben H. Lloyd served as Grand Marshal at the corner- 
stone ceremony on May 14, 1884, where the Odd Fellows Building was 
to be built at Seventh & Market streets. 

Jacob L. van Bokkelen, Charles S. Eigenbrodt, and Samuel Bran- 
nan not only belonged to the same Odd Fellows lodge, but they were 
prominent members of the Committee of Vigilance of 1851 in the city, 
an organization which Brannan headed. Charter members of the Odd 
Fellows first lodge, California Lodge No. 1, John M. Coughlin, E. C. 
Franklin, and William Burling, were also members of the Committee 
of Vigilance of 1851. Richard Rust, an Odd Fellow belonging to yet 


20 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

another lodge in San Francisco, was a member as well. A. C. Russell of 
Yerba Buena No. 15 was a member of the committee. Many of these 
men were members of the Odd Fellows before they joined the Commit- 
tee of Vigilance of 1851. 

The Committee of Vigilance of 1851 was established to create order 
in San Francisco. The task of controlling the criminal element, particu- 
larly a local gang calling itself the San Francisco Society of Regulators, 
and later The Hounds, which was running rampant at the time, was 
monumental for the newly established law enforcers. The Committee 
of Vigilance of 1851 took it upon itself to handle all serious criminal ac- 
tivity in and around the city. Some individuals were even hanged by the 
committee for committing serious crimes. 

Samuel Brannan was a charter member of Templar Lodge No. 17, 
which was instituted on October 22, 1853. Brannan was twenty-seven 
years of age when the ship called the Brooklyn sailed through the 

Samuel Brannan was the first Treasurer of Templar Lodge No. 17. 

The Names ■ 21 

Golden Gate on July 31, 1846. He was described as being a man "slightly 
above medium height, deep-chested, broad shouldered, hair rather 
shaggy, wearing sideburns and imperial. His eyes were dark and re- 
markably beautiful, flashing eyes that gave great animation to his face." 

Aside from gaining notoriety for being an entrepreneur, Brannan 
was also remembered for his connection with the Mormons, where he 
had established a tie 4 years prior to arriving in San Francisco (then 
called Yerba Buena) . In New York, he had published a weekly newspaper 
for the religious group called the New York Messenger. In fact, on the 
voyage to California, most of the 236 passengers he had brought with 
him on the Brooklyn were Mormons. He was the leader of the migra- 
tion of Mormons to Yerba Buena, and eventually to other nearby areas. 

According to a British bartender named Brown, "The first wed- 
ding which took place after this city was under the protection of the 
American flag was performed by Samuel Brannan, according to the 
Mormon faith. I was one of the guests, and never enjoyed myself at any 
gathering as I did there. There was a general invitation extended to all, 
a large quantity of refreshments had been prepared, and everyone re- 
turned to their homes perfectly satisfied and ready to pronounce the 
first wedding a grand success." 

In 1848, after establishing a supply store at Mormon Island, which 
he named Natoma, Brannan convinced the Mormons who were now 
mining on the American River that they should pay him 'The Lord's 
Tithes" on their earnings. Some people thought the Mormons were 
fools for paying such a "tax." In the meantime, word about this tax had 
reached Brigham Young. Young sent an Apostle to collect the taxes 
Brannan had been collecting from the Mormons in the "Lord's name"; 
however, when the Apostle arrived, Brannan told him to "go back and 
tell Young that I'll give up the Lord's money when he sends me a re- 
ceipt signed by the Lord, and no sooner!" That was the end of Brannan's 
relationship with the Mormon faith. 

Brannan delivered the first Protestant sermon in the English 
language on William A. Richardson's grounds on Dupont Street. On 
January 9, 1847, he published his first issue of The California Star with 
the printing equipment he had brought with him on the voyage in 1846. 

22 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

It was Samuel Brannan, upon his return to San Francisco from 
the mining camp, who shouted, "Gold from the American River!" From 
his enthusiasm and announcement of the discovery of gold, only seven 
men remained in town. All others followed Sam back to the diggings. 
The Odd Fellows attempt at instituting the first lodge was put on hold 
during this time. 

Of course, Brannan's partnership with Charles C. Smith of C.C. 
Smith and Company store prospered. He had previously purchased all 
of the tools such as shovels, picks, and iron pans in advance of an- 
nouncing the news of gold being discovered, which did not hurt his 
future prospect of becoming wealthy. 

Of his many purchases of land parcels in 1849 while he was a mem- 
ber of the first city council, Brannan eventually built a spectacular 
structure named the Express Building. It was four-stories tall and was 
located on the northeast corner of Montgomery & California streets. 
The top floor was reserved for the Society of California Pioneers. In 
1853, after serving as its vice president for three years, Brannan became 
the Society's second president, replacing W. D. M. Howard. 

On February 7, 1852, Samuel and Ann Lisa Brannan deeded prop- 
erty on Mission Street between Sixth & Seventh streets to the Trustees 
for the Independent Order of Odd Fellows of San Francisco. In his later 
years, when Samuel was at a financial low point in his life, the Odd Fel- 
lows rewarded him for his kindness by establishing an income fund in 
his name, where dividends were derived from the profits of the Odd Fel- 
lows Cemetery. Samuel had given the organization this land nearly 
twenty-five years earlier. 

Through his many enterprises, Brannan became the richest man 
in California. However, on May 5, 1889, in Escondido, California, he 
passed away a broken and penniless man. However, before his passing, 
he managed to obtain money from the Mexican government for lands 
he had held south of the Rio Grande, whereby he returned to San Fran- 
cisco and paid all his debts. He was a man of honor. His body was laid 
to rest at Mount Hope Cemetery in San Diego, California. 

Today, the Odd Fellows still retain the property on Mission Street 
given to them by Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Brannan. It is set up as a trust, 

The Names ■ 23 

where each Odd Fellows lodge located in the city receives a share of 
the profit. 

On May 17, 1853, Samuel H. Parker was elected as the first Grand 
Master in California. He was born in New Hampshire on July 23, 1818. 
Parker first joined the Odd Fellows on November 4, 1842, in Massachu- 
setts, where at that time he was practicing law. When he came to 
California in 1852, he was commissioned as the Deputy Grand Sire, set- 
ting the stage for his election to Grand Master. His years were dedicated 
to the Odd Fellows. "He gave his time and money to the improvement 
of the Odd Fellows' Library of San Francisco, which for many years was 
the leading library of the City." Samuel Parker died on March 14, 1866. 
In later years, Parker Street in San Francisco was named in his honor. 
Samuel Parker was also the President of the Fireman's Fund Insurance. 

Odd Fellow members Michael and Charles de Young had estab- 
lished themselves as being enterprising newspapermen in San Francisco. 
In 1865, they established the Dramatic Chronicle, later called the 
Chronicle. The publishing of this newspaper was a success for the 

On April 23, 1880, Charles was killed by Isaac Milton Kalloch, the 
son of the newly elected San Francisco mayor, Rev. Isaac Smith Kalloch. 
It began when the Chronicle had run a story related to how Kalloch was 
forced to leave the Boston area for questionable activities. Kalloch, in 
turn, retaliated by insulting the character of the de Youngs' mother, 
causing an upset Charles to shoot and wound the mayoral candidate. 
Then, after the election, Isaac Milton Kalloch shot and killed Charles at 
the Chronicle office. His brother, Michael de Young, died in 1925 at the 
age of 75. 

In 1869, it was William C. Ralston, president of the Bank of Cali- 
fornia, who guaranteed the expenses for a special train in order to bring 
dignitaries of the Grand Lodge on their last leg of a long journey from 
Omaha to San Francisco. This was the first time that the Grand Lodge 
of the United States was traveling such a far distance west, and it would 
be very costly. Once Union Railway Pacific and the Grand Lodge of the 
United States received the assurances, including a $10,000 guarantee 
from his bank for expenses, the trip was underway. This was the same 

24 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Samuel Hale Parker. Became California's first Grand Master on May 17, 
1853. He was instrumental in starting the Odd Fellows Library of 
San Francisco, which for many years was the leading library of the 
city. Parker Street bears his name. 

1869 trip that brought the beloved James L. Ridgely to San Francisco, 
as well as other prominent members of the Order. 

In 1876, Ralston built his famous Palace Hotel in San Francisco. 
This would later prove to be a worthy accomplishment given it had 
withstood the 1906 earthquake when most other buildings in the area 

Any one of several Odd Fellows has been called the "Builder of San 
Francisco" or "The Man that Built San Francisco," and so on . . . 

The Names ■ 25 


An early photograph of Charles De Young. Caption below image reads: "CHARLES 
DE YOUNG. Houseworth, Photographer, 12 Montgomery St., San Francisco". 
Louisiana born, he was the co-founder along with his brother, Michael Harry 
De Young of the Daily Morning Chronicle newspaper ( 1 868). (Courtesy of Bancroft 

26 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 



William Chatman Ralston. He was a member of Templar Lodge 
No. 17. Also, founder of the Bank of California in San Francisco. 
(Courtesy of Bancroft Library) 

William Ralston, who has already been mentioned, was one of these 
men; however, it is definite that Samuel Brannan laid the foundation 
for San Francisco the moment he stepped off the boat in the 1840s. 

Charley Darkey Parkhurst joined Soquel Lodge No. 137 on Octo- 
ber 18, 1867, 16 years after arriving by steamship to San Francisco. In 
1851, after disembarking the R. B. Forbes, which had come from 
Boston, Parkhurst soon became one of the toughest, most popular 
stagecoach drivers in the Wild West, first driving in the gold mining 
areas in the Sierra foothills. 

The Names ■ 27 

After his death from throat cancer on December 18, 1879, it was 
discovered that Charley Parkhurst was actually a woman who had been 
posing as a man for nearly three decades, a ruse so effective that on Oc- 
tober 17, 1868, she registered to vote in Santa Clara County. This was 
a time when women were not allowed to vote. There was no proof that 
Parkhurst voted, but since she had taken the time to register, it is pre- 
sumed she would have voted. This would, of course, make her the first 
woman to vote in the United States. 

Parkhurst was buried at the Watsonville Pioneer Odd Fellows 
Cemetery. Later, her remains were exhumed and reburied, with a spe- 
cial marker placed on her grave. 

General Albert Maver Winn joined the Odd Fellows in Sacra- 
mento, California. He was an important figurehead in the area before 
moving to San Francisco with his wife, Catherine, in 1860. 

Daniel McLaren and General Albert Maver Winn. Noted I. O.O.E figures 
of the Sacramento Odd Fellows Relief Association. 

28 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Winn was instrumental in heading a joint venture between the 
Odd Fellows and the Masons for establishing a hospital on land which 
he had donated. He founded the Native Sons of the Golden West 
(NSGW) and the Native Daughters of the Golden West. On July 11, 
1879, the first NSGW meeting was called to order at Anthony's Hall on 
Bush Street. 

The following year, Winn founded the Sons of the American Revo- 
lution, originally the Sons of the Revolutionary Sires. He was the organi- 
zation's first president. This group marched in the Independence Day 
Parade in 1876, which was formed at the William Ralston's Palace Hotel in 
San Francisco. 

In 1862, Winn's wife passed away and 3 years later, on September 16, 
1865, he remarried to Charlotte L. King, the widow of the crusading edi- 
tor of The San Francisco Bulletin, James King of William, who had been 
shot and killed by James P. Casay in 1856. 

On August 26, 1883, General Winn died. He was buried in the Pi- 
oneer Plot of the Sacramento City Cemetery. At his funeral, in which 
many Odd Fellows attended, the Odd Fellows reflected on General 
Winn's life and his active participation in fraternalism. His grave was 
marked by the Grand Lodge of the I.O.O.F. 

Leland Stanford, a member of Sacramento Lodge No. 2, estab- 
lished the Leland Stanford Jr. University in nearby Palo Alto. This was 
in honor of his late young son, to "benefit the children of his fellow 
men, and the most significant gift to the [human] race ever made by 
any single individual." Stanford University was built because of the val- 
ues Leland Stanford practiced as an Odd Fellow. He gave with his heart 
and joined the Odd Fellows at Sacramento Lodge No. 2 on July 6, 1861. 

After trying his luck at gold mining with his brothers, Stanford 
moved from the mining area to San Francisco in 1856 to expand his 
mercantile business. In 1861, he was elected governor of California, 
eventually becoming a U.S. senator (California). 

By all accounts, and the fact that Leland Stanford was the princi- 
pal of Central Pacific Railroad, he was the person that hammered the 
famous golden spike in Promontory, Utah, creating the first Transcon- 
tinental Railroad. He was well aware that a visit to San Francisco by the 

The Names ■ 29 

Leland Stanford was a member of Sacramento Lodge No. 2, 
and also a frequent visitor to San Francisco and surrounding 
areas. Established Stanford University as a tribute to his late 
son, Leland Stanford, Jr. (Courtesy of Bancroft Library) 

Odd Fellows' Grand Sire of the United States depended on the comple- 
tion of the Transcontinental Railroad. The visit by the Grand Sire and 
his delegation took place in September of 1869, 2 months after the 
completion of the railroad. 

Through the efforts of Ralston and Stanford, the Odd Fellows en- 
joyed one of the most important and celebrated events in the history of 

30 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

California Odd Fellowship. In 1869, the Grand Sire of the Order came 
to visit San Francisco. 

Earl Warren, a member of Oakland Lodge No. 3, had been a mem- 
ber of another lodge in Oakland before the new Lodge No. 3 was formed 
on July 10, 1945. San Francisco Lodge No. 3 became defunct in 1918; 
the old number three was taken by the two Oakland lodges which had 
consolidated in 1945, where Warren was a member of one of those 
lodges. He is remembered for his political achievements, having been 
the attorney general of California, elected as governor for three terms, 
and appointed as the chief justice of the United States. He retired as the 
chief justice in 1969. 

Early notable figures in Odd Fellows included Wesley F. Norcross, 
publisher and editor of the New Age publication, who operated this 
company for over 21 years. He later relinquished it to Dewey & Com- 
pany in 1887. James F. Thompson, another Past Grand Master, was the 
editor and proprietor of the Daily Standard paper, and eventually was 
elected president of the California Press Association. David Newell 
owned the Golden Gate Sal Soda Works. Dr. William M. Milton also 
served as superintendent of the Odd Fellows Home for the aged. Samuel 
Brannan, once a popular newspaper owner and land baron, was a char- 
ter member of the Odd Fellows Templar Lodge No. 17. John Bigler was 
the third governor of California. Colonel Richard Rust established the 
boundary line between the United States and Mexico; his son, also 
named Richard, was an attorney in San Francisco and eventually be- 
came a superior court judge. Lucius A. Booth was governor of California 
in 1871. There were other prominent members as well: Horatio Stock- 
ton Winn and his brother Major General Albert Maver Winn, who was 
the mayor of Sacramento in 1849; James Rolph Jr. was mayor of San 
Francisco; Charles de Young, popular businessman and cofounder of 
the San Francisco Chronicle; the great writer William H. Barnes, who 
wrote of many topics primarily dealing with fraternal organizations; 
Nathan Porter served as a state senator until his death in 1878; George 
Clement Perkins was the fourteenth governor of California. Superin- 
tendent of the California Street Cable Railroad in San Francisco, James W. 
Harris served in that capacity for 15 years; John Geary Jr., a prominent 

The Names ■ 3 1 

attorney in San Francisco, worked out of the third floor of the Parrott 
Building. The "who's who" of Odd Fellowship in the early formation of 
the state of California goes on and on. In fact, most — if not all — of the 
founding fathers of the early towns were Odd Fellows. 

John Lawrence Geary, Jr., was a member of Parker Lodge No. 124. He 
was one of the founders of a fraternal group named "the Supreme 
Executive of the Sentinels of the Universe". 

32 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

George C. Perkins, was a United States Senator for California, and 
once the Governor of California. He was initiated into the Odd 
Fellows Oroville Lodge No. 59 on December 4, 1865. 

The Names ■ 33 

Louis Leander Alexander was the Seventh Grand Master of 
California. He was a member ofYerba Buena Lodge No. 15 in San 
Francisco. In 1 850, on his way to California, he and thousands of 
others were detained at Panama from the middle of April to the 
last of July. He helped organize the Odd Fellows Association, 
which cared for many of those who became ill, and buried those 
that died while in Panama. 

34 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Grand Blaster 1915 10X6 

Frank D. Macbeth, Grand Master in 1 9 1 5. He served as the 
Grand Secretary of California from 1933 to 1957. He was a 
member of Pacific Lodge No. 1 55. 

The Names ■ 35 

Henry S. Martin served as Sheriff of the County of San 
Francisco. On December 6, 1883, he joined Franco-American 
Lodge No. 207. 

36 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

In l883,WilliamW. Morrow was the thirty-first Grand Master 
of California. He was a member of Apollo Lodge No. 1 23. He 
was elected several times as a member of the United States 
Congress. In 1891 President Harrison appointed him the United 
States District Judge for the Northern District of California. On 
May 20, 1897, President McKinley appointed Judge Morrow a 
U.S. Circuit Judge for the Ninth Judicial Circuit. He died on 
July 24, 1929. 

The Names ■ 37 

Dr. John Frederick Morse. Born in Essex, Vermont, in 
1 8 1 5. He was a doctor of medicine. In 1 844 he 
joined the Odd Fellows, later moving to California, 
where he eventually transferred his membership to 
that jurisdiction. In 1869, he personally led a 
delegation to plant Odd Fellowship in Germany and 
Switzerland. He succeeded, despite having been 
taken prisoner in the, then, existing war between 
Prussia and France. He died in San Francisco on 
December 30, 1874. 

38 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Odd Fellow WAS. Nicholson was active in 
San Francisco politics. He served the city in 
many capacities, including two terms as 
prosecuting Attorney. He was a member of 
Golden West Lodge No. 322. 

The Names ■ 39 

F. L.Turpin was born in Lebanon, Pennsylvania, in 1847. At 
the early age of seventeen, he enlisted in the Union Army. 
After serving for the time of his enlistment in the Infantry, 
he re-enlisted in the 21 st Pennsylvania Calvary, where he 
served until the end of the civil war. He came to San 
Francisco and organized the Columbian Banking Company. 
He joined California Lodge No. I and eventually transferred 
to Pacific Lodge No. 1 55. 

40 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 



Upton Bros, 
* Printers « 


/.. Uphone Mam 5- !•.'■ 




An ad for the "Upton Bros. Printers". Vernon was a member of Apollo Lodge No. 123, 
and Brother Thomas, a member ofYerba Buena Lodge No. 15. 

The Names ■ 41 

Frank D.Worth arrived in San Francisco in April, 1859. 
In 1870, he established his upholstering and decorating 
business near Polk and Sutter Streets. In 1888, he joined 
Yerba Buena Lodge No. 1 5, and was appointed the 
Chairman of the Parade Committee of the Golden 
Jubilee Celebration of the I.O.O.F., held in San Francisco 
October 18, 19,20, 1899. 

Again, any one of many members of the San Francisco Odd Fel- 
lows could have been chosen as focal point of this chapter. Whatever 
endeavors these men may have chosen, all shared the same fraternal 
organization and its causes. 

Chapter 4 

The Move 

In the early days of trying to settle down into one place, the Odd Fel- 
lows and the California Lodge No. 1 seemed to keep searching for the 
right place to call home. They moved from one location to another 
for various reasons and eventually found a home for their Grand Lodge. 

The first meeting place was set up in a framed building owned by 
Levi Stowell and was on the east side Montgomery Street, between 
Jackson and Washington. The Odd Fellows shared this building with 
the Masons, another growing fraternity. 

Then, an offer by Colonel J. D. Stevenson to move into the Mason's 
building was accepted by the young fraternal organization. The Order 
moved into the three story on the east side of Kearny Street, between 
Pine and California. And once again, the Odd Fellows shared the space 
with the Masons. They also shared the building with the California 
Star, a newspaper company headed by an Odd Fellows member, Samuel 
Brannan. The building is pictured in a Wells Fargo poster. 

Located across the street from the Odd Fellows meeting place was 
Portsmouth Plaza, the site of many historic gatherings and events. One 
of these events was the hanging of John Jenkins, who, on June 9, 1851, 
had been accused of stealing a safe from a merchant's store. Jenkins was 
caught, tried by the Committee, and hanged the same night at 2:00 a.m. 
The Committee of Vigilance of 1851 was led by Samuel Brannan. 

A fire later ravished the area, as there were many in the new city 
during those early days, and destroyed the building, forcing the Odd Fel- 
lows to move again. They immediately found a new home at the Gianella 
Building on the east side of Montgomery, between Washington and Jack- 
son streets. The 1855 city directory lists the address as "184 Montgomery 


44 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Street, 3 rd Floor." Then on April 26, 1859, the organization moved yet 
again to larger quarters on the northeast corner of Bush and Kearny 

On May 6, 1863, the Odd Fellows dedicated the site for its new 
building at the "corner of Montgomery and Summer Street" in the city 
of San Francisco. The celebration included three thousand members, 
many banners, and a forty-four gun salute which was fired at "sunrise, 
noon, and sunset." The celebration wound up at the Metropolitan The- 
atre, where the crowd was overflowing. And in 1865, the organization 
moved into its new Odd Fellows Hall on the west side of Montgomery 

Odd Fellows Building at 325 Montgomery Street, San Francisco.The group moved from the 
location to Seventh & Market Streets in 1884. Circa I867.T. E. Hecht, photographer. 
(Courtesy of San Francisco History Center, San Francisco Public Library) 

The Move ■ 45 

(325 Montgomery Street), between Pine and California streets. The fu- 
ture would hold one final move for the group. 

Just a short distance away from its meeting place at 325 Montgomery 
Street was the Odd Fellows Savings Bank located at 238 Montgomery 
Street. Its president was Martin Heller. The fate of the bank is not known, 
but most likely it ceased after the 1906 disaster. 

In May of 1884, the Odd Fellows, with several of their lodges, com- 
pleted the construction of a wonderful temple — the Odd Fellows 
Temple. It was at Seventh and Market streets. They were now in San 
Francisco for good. The Odd Fellows never again left that site. 

Although numerous lodges met at the Seventh & Market streets 
location, many others met at other locations throughout San Fran- 
cisco, as no building could house the thousands of members that 
resided in the city. 

Chapter 5 

The Library 

There is little information that remains concerning the Odd Fel- 
lows Library; however, the importance of such a endeavor deserves 

The Odd Fellows in San Francisco housed one of the largest li- 
braries in the state. It was no wonder that they also had a literary club. 
There were no less than twenty-six thousand volumes within it. "The 
Odd Fellows' Library, founded in 1854, has about 27,000 volumes, in- 
cluding the most valuable and extensive collections of documents and 
books, relating to the history of the Pacific Coast, in the world." 

The Odd Fellows actually did more to promote literacy in the gold 
mining areas, as most of the lodges provided small selections of read- 
ing materials in the meeting halls, with a limited amount of books 
available to the members. Reading and storytelling were some of the 
only forms of entertainment at the numerous mines. It was natural 
that the lodges in San Francisco would create a library for their mem- 
bers. In 1854, in San Francisco, during one of the sessions of the Grand 
Lodge, the membership approved the establishment of a new library. 

Answering a challenge of what the Odd Fellows could do to en- 
courage readers of young age to read "good" books, Mr. George A. 
Carnes, librarian, of the Odd Fellows Library Association of San Fran- 
cisco, stated the following: 

"Even a child knows that forbidden fruit is the sweetest on the 
branch. If you wish to compel a boy or girl to read a given book, strictly 
forbid him even to take it from the shelves. The tabooed books will 
somehow be secured in spite of their withdrawal." 


48 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

extea<5t feom the 



§§&& JpIIotos* library 


- O - »— — ■-— 

Thia Book may be kept Two Weeks, 

For each day kept over the above time, the 
holder will be subject to a forfeit of fiye 

If a work of one volume be injured or lost, 
the same to be made good to the Librarian, 

If a volume or more of a set of books be 
injured or lost, the full value of the set must 
be paid. 




A rare label numbered "1 0739. S." from a book that once belonged to the Odd Fellows 

The Library ■ 49 

Much of the Odd Fellows' collection of books in San Francisco was 
destroyed in the earthquake and fire of 1906; however, books may still 
be found from time to time with the Odd Fellows Library label on the 
inside cover. There are only a few reminders of the great libraries that 
existed in the times prior to 1906. 

Many of the Odd Fellows publications prior to the earthquake and 
fire of 1906 and after were printed by local member Joseph Winterburn, 
of Winterburn Company, Printers and Electrotypers, San Francisco, 
417 Clay Street. 


Joseph Winterburn was born in Northampton, England, 
March 9, 1836. He arrived in San Francisco on April 4, 1850, 
to seek his fortune. He learned the trade of printing with 
"Whitton.Towne, & Co.", and later established his own 
printing company: "Jos. Winterburn & Co." in 1866 at 
417 Clay Street. His company printed many of the Odd 
Fellows booklets during the I800's, where much of 
the material for this research was found. 

Chapter 6 

The Cemetery 

Around 1850, member Samuel Brannan donated twenty-seven 
acres of land to the Odd Fellows for its first cemetery in San 
In 1865, with the approval of the Grand Lodge of California in keep- 
ing with its precept of "burying the dead," the Odd Fellows in San 
Francisco established a large cemetery with the founding of the Odd Fel- 
lows' Cemetery Association. On November 26, 1865, the newly acquired 

Camp Merritt. Site of Odd Fellows cemetery is in far background, San Francisco. Circa 1898. 
(Courtesy of Bancroft Library) 


52 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 


*£-££ 4° D° C " 

I * C L * 

>• !> 



City of San Francisco map. Location of Odd Fellows cemetery is shown. 

The Cemetery ■ 53 

_. ....... ; - :; ;; 

An entrance to the San Francisco Odd Fellows Cemetery.The Cemetery no longer exists. Today, 
only the Columbarium remains, which is now owned and operated by the Neptune Society. 

grounds for the cemetery were dedicated. The master of ceremonies was 
Past Grand Master Samuel H. Parker. The Committee on Dedication in- 
cluded Charles Langley, George T. Bohen, Henry C. Squire, Henry B. 
Brooks, and James Adams. The listed location of the cemetery at the 
time of the dedication was Point Lobos Road, in San Francisco. 

The cemetery surrounded the Odd Fellows Columbarium, built in 
1898. This is the only remaining structure from the Richmond District 
cemeteries. The cemetery's boundaries were "irregular," falling be- 
tween Arguello, Geary, Stanyan, Anza, Parker, and Turk streets. 

At the time it was built, the Columbarium was considered the 
"finest" in the world. Today, the Columbarium is owned and operated 
by the Neptune Society. By definition, a columbarium houses numer- 
ous niches, which contain urns holding the ashes of cremated bodies. 

In the 1890s, the corporation added a structure to handle the re- 
mains of those departed: a crematorium. The association strongly 
supported the idea of cremations, promoting the relatively new con- 
cept with a lengthy brochure. According to the California Genealogical 

54 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 


Image of the Odd Fellows Cemetery, San Francisco, circa 1900 (from "3D' 
stereoscope card). 

Society, there were "10,000 records of cremations, dating 1895 to 
1911," some of which included the cremating of disinterred burials 
from years earlier. The Odd Fellows Crematorium was busy. 

Odd Fellow member George T. Bohen was the first president of The 
Odd Fellows Cemetery Association. Many prominent members of the 
Order were buried in the cemetery, as so stated in an excerpt from the book 
Fifty Years of Odd Fellowship. Facing the front of the Columbarium: "to 
the left [is] the last resting places of [Samuel] Parker, [George] Bohen, [Dr. 
John Frederick] Morse, and [Elias D.] Farnsworth." Also near the Colum- 
barium was the sarcophagus of Congressman Piper. 

The Cemetery ■ 55 

This is a funeral, with James Harris wearing regalia on right side. 



Bird's eye view of the San Francisco Odd Fellows Cemetery in 1 899. The Columbarium 
still remains. Note the Crematorium in the right background. The cemetery was 
approximately located between Geary and Turk Streets. 

Columbarium of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, San Francisco, 1906. 
Today, surrounding graves no longer exist. 

Interior of the Columbarium, 1899. 

The Cemetery "57 


Monument of Elias Driggs Farnsworth. 
In 1 869, as Grand Sire of the Odd 
Fellows, he visited the State of 
California. He enjoyed his visits so 
much to the region that he retired to 
San Francisco after his term was 
completed. He lived in the city for 
23 years before his passing. 

58 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Monument for Nathan Porter in the 
San Francisco Odd Fellows Cemetery. 
Nathan Porter was born in 1 8 1 7. He 
was a longtime member of the Odd 
Fellows. He was once a member of 
Yerba Buena Lodge No. 1 5. At the time 
of his death on January 6, 1 878, he was 
serving as a State Senator. 

Brother Bohen arrived in San Francisco in November 1850. He 
transferred his membership from Baltimore, Maryland, and joined 
Yerba Buena Lodge No. 15 in 1853 (a lodge which still exists today). He 
was elected president of the Cemetery Association when it was orga- 
nized and had been active in all aspects of the Odd Fellows' activities. 

The Odd Fellows welcomed any religious denomination to use 
their chapel inside the Columbarium "free of charge, or restrictions of 
any character whatever." 

"Odd Fellows do not feel the repugnance to death which is too 
often met with the thought coming to us through our ritual that those 
who have passed on are not dead, but simply asleep, to awake again in 
a better and purer environment." While the Odd Fellows Cemetery As- 
sociation handled much of the business, the superintendent of the Odd 
Fellows' Cemetery, George R. Fletcher, a longtime member of the Odd 
Fellows, superintended the Columbarium and Crematorium. It was said 
he was dedicated to his work of overseeing the cremations. ". . . this 
man has made so careful a study of the entire subject-matter that from 
the time you enter the Crematorium with a body, until the entire work 

The Cemetery ■ 59 

George T. Bohen was the original 
President of the Odd Fellows 
Cemetery Association in San Francisco. 
In 1 853, he became a member ofYerba 
Buena Lodge No. 1 5, before 
transferring his membership to 
another San Francisco Lodge — Pacific 
Lodge No. 155 — in order to help 
institute that lodge. Mr. Bohen was one 
of the organizers and Commander of 
Golden Gate Battalion, Uniformed 
Patriarch. He was disappointed the 
Odd Fellows moved from its 
Montgomery Street property to 
Seventh & Market Streets. His remains 
rest in the San Francisco Columbarium, 
which was once in his charge. 


60 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

of incineration has been performed, not a word is spoken, but every- 
thing is done automatically by the touch of a bell. You cannot fail to 
admire the genius of the man." 

In the 1880s, the residential development had reached the ceme- 
tery and the San Francisco supervisors later established a law to 
prevent any further burials after 1901. After years of neglect and the 
damage from the 1906 earthquake and pressure from the local city gov- 
ernment, twenty-eight thousand bodies were moved from the Odd 
Fellows Cemetery between 1929 and 1934. Today, many of these de- 
parted members rest in a mass grave on a neglected piece of land in 
Colma, California. 

In 1904, the San Francisco Odd Fellows Cemetery Association 
purchased land in San Mateo County (Colma) from Mr. Morris Simi- 
noff. A year later, the Odd Fellows Cemetery Association entered a 
highly controversial contract hiring the Golden Gate Land Association 
to lay out the new cemetery (Greenlawn), paying for this service with 
one-half of the proceeds from the sale of cemetery plots. 

The general membership of the Order did not receive the arrange- 
ment between the Odd Fellows Cemetery Association and the Golden 
Gate Land Association very well. In fact, the membership ordered an 

George T. Fletcher, was elected to the 
position of Superintendent of the Odd 
Fellows Cemetery in 1885. He was a 
member of the Alta Lodge No. 205. 

The Cemetery ■ 6 1 


0oldcn Gate Undertaking Company 


.AND— _ X 


Special Attention Given to Shipping Bodies. 

Every Requisite for First-class Funerals. 

Lady Attendants at all hours. 

2425=2429 Mission Street 


I"he Finest Private Parlors in the City 

OPEN DAY AfMO night 

j* j* v < 

Telephone Mission 102 

An ad for the Golden Gate Undertaking Company. All three proprietors are members of 
different Odd Fellows Lodges in San Francisco. 

62 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

investigation of the transaction of both these corporations. It turned 
out the Odd Fellows Cemetery Association essentially gave away its 
total control of the new cemetery by allowing the Land Association one- 
half of the proceeds, whereby the Golden Gate Land Association was 
using the name of "Odd Fellows" to promote the sales of plots. It al- 
lowed those not belonging to the Order to purchase these plots, but 
little could be done and the Odd Fellows Cemetery Association endured 
harsh skepticism ever since. 

The resulting dilemma between the Odd Fellows Cemetery Asso- 
ciation and the Golden Gate Land Association was finally resolved 
through a Special Committee for the Odd Fellows Cemetery Associa- 
tion. In its 1906 report, it was stated the Odd Fellows' Cemetery 
Association had "no legal relations or affiliations with the Order." 

If+fthfcj 1 


San Franciscan Charles De Young was a prominent member of the Odd Fellows. Lower 
portion of monument was left behind when it moved to Cypress Lawn Memorial Park 
in Colma.CA. (Courtesy of San Francisco History Center, San Francisco Public Library) 

The Cemetery ■ 63 

This report was approved, despite the fact that the land had been 
purchased by the Odd Fellows, dedicated by the Odd Fellows in 1865, 
named the Odd Fellows Cemetery, held the graves of thousands of Odd 
Fellows, and was managed exclusively by members of Odd Fellows. The 
name of the cemetery had always been the Odd Fellows Cemetery. 
Never was its relationship to the Order questioned, not until the 
dealings with an outside organization such as Golden Gate Land Asso- 
ciation in 1904. Regardless, the Odd Fellows Cemetery was always 
under the auspices of the Order until it was divorced by the Order. 

In 1851, years prior to the establishment of a cemetery at Geary 
and Masonic streets, the Odd Fellows selected a piece of land between 
Sixth & Seventh streets, on Mission Street, to be used as a cemetery. It 
was Noble Grand Samuel Brannan who kindly donated this plot of land 
for that purpose. However, no one was ever buried at this location and 
the property eventually became a source of revenue for lodges in the 
city, being set up as a trust after a court battle years later between 
relatives of the late Samuel Brannan and the Odd Fellows. 

Chapter 7 

The Odd Fellows 
Building — 1884 

On December 1, 1884, after construction of the new Odd Fellows 
Building at Seventh & Market streets, the Odd Fellows had found 
their permanent home. The Odd Fellows Building was a beauti- 
ful structure made of bright red brick. It was the flagship home for the 
organization. The Odd Fellows Hall Association of San Francisco was 
created to maintain and care for the building. It was comprised of many 
representatives and shareholders from each of the lodges in the city. 

Michael H. de Young, for whom the de Young Museum was named, 
and the owner of the San Francisco Chronicle newspaper, was the 
chairman of the dedication ceremony of the new Odd Fellows Building. 

The Odd Fellows Building housed the Odd Fellows Literary and 
Social Club at Seventh & Market streets. The objective was the im- 
provement of members' knowledge about the work of the Order, as well 
as for social and literary purposes. 

There is very little written history about the Odd Fellows Building 
at Seventh & Market streets because most — if not all — of the records 
were destroyed almost immediately after the earthquake in 1906. What 
records do exist are a few scattered years of annual recordings of the 
Odd Fellows Hall Association, most likely finding their way back to the 
Odd Fellows via members of the Order, after the Great Quake. The chair- 
man of the building committee, Mr. Jules Cerf, spent 2 years overseeing 
the construction of the Odd Fellows Temple until the new building was 

"Our Temple is completed; may it always be the fountain from 
which shall continuously flow living streams of relief to the distressed 


66 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 





; 1 

! iii 

ill, a q iBiiiiii 

Drawing of the original Odd Fellows building in the I880's, at Seventh & Market 

and afflicted ones of our Order; and may it be the magnet that draw to 
our folds all the right-thinking, pure-minded men of our city" (A. W. 
Scott, president of the Odd Fellows Hall Association). 

In the year 1887, twenty-three Odd Fellows lodges, three Rebekah 
[Degree] lodges, five I.O.O.F. Encampments, the Odd Fellows Literary 
and Social Club, a Degree Lodge, three Parlors Native Sons of the 
Golden West, one Court of the Ancient Order of Foresters, and one 

The Odd Fellows Building — 1884 ■ 67 

Great image of the Odd Fellows Building at Seventh & Market Streets, 
in 1904. 

Union of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners met in the large 
lodge rooms above the ground floor. 

Some various craftsmen were selected for their expertise to con- 
struct the Odd Fellows Building at Seventh & Market streets during 
the year of 1885 to 1887; the following is a listing of these early San 

Will & Finck: switch to annunciator and installation of brass bars at 

J. H. Jackson: installation of lights in basement 
P. H. Jackson: two hitching posts (for horses) 

68 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

/ not delivered in Five Days 



Room No. Is Odd Fellow*,' Halt, 


C. r, FWH'FJ.r,, SecrtUry. 

V /j 

, A 



Stationery depicting Odd Fellows Building, dated May 2, 1899. 

Ames & Detrick: awnings 

E. H. Black: painting section letters 

Wright & Sanders: balance of commissions 

J. G. Leibert: brickwork 

E. Farrell: carpenter 

G. Griffiths: granite 

R. Llewellyn: cast Iron 

E. A. Rix: wrought Iron 

Cronin & Dunbar: tin and slate 

Geo. Milne: plumber 

A. C. Corbett: plasterer 

E. M. Gallagher: painting 

Davis & Cowell: cement 

On May 14, 1884, the cornerstone of the new foundation was laid. 

In 1888, while the building was still new, it was reported that there 
were several problems relating to the plumbing and many costly re- 
pairs that had to be tended. The repairs "being upwards of $600, or 

The Odd Fellows Building — 1884 ■ 69 

1884 dedication coin of the Odd Fellows Building 
at Seventh & Market Streets. 

Ribbon celebrating the laying of the 
cornerstone of the new Odd Fellows 
Building, May 14, 1884. 






May 14, 1884. 

70 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

nearly as much as was expended the preceding year for all repairs. This 
indicates either defective work or defective material, or both, done dur- 
ing the progress of construction." 

Odd Fellow John Daly, for whom a nearby city is now named, was 
one of the association's thirty-six directors for many years. 

As the years passed, the condition of the building was often noted 
in the Hall Association's reports. It seems the Hall Association, with 
this "new building," continually had to deal with many ongoing issues. 
One of them was the flooding of the basement due to the cutting of a 
main drain by the sidewalk elevator installers — A. J. McNicoll & Co. 
They had tried to conceal it before the Odd Fellows could make the dis- 
covery, but eventually, this would be repaired. 

"I feel compelled to call attention to the condition of the walls 
throughout the building, especially the whitewalls. They are in exceed- 
ingly dirty condition, and such walls are studded and badly cracked; 
owing, I presume, to the shrinkage of the timber." 

In 1892, it was reported that forty-nine organizations now used 
the floors above the street level. While the needs of the building were 
always demanding, use of the building never diminished. 

Later, in that same year, new lighting was being installed; this was 
the Welsbach light. 

The Odd Fellows basement was called the Good Fellows' Grotto. 
According to the Daily Alta Newspaper, dated May 7, 1891, the Grotto 
was a "first class restaurant." 

Much work was done to the basement. Some of the contractors 
who worked on the facility were as follows: 

Joseph Musto, marble work; G. Eastman, plumbing; A. M. Bruce, 
iron work; and L. Schmidt, carpentering. 

It is ironic that in 1899, just as today, the Odd Fellows Hall Asso- 
ciation hoped for improvement in the area. "The construction of the 
new Post Office and Federal Court building on Seventh Street, which 

The Odd Fellows Building — 1884 ■ 71 

•• * 

Moses Greenbaum was born in Germany in 1833. He 
came to the United States in 1 847. Upon moving to San 
Francisco five years later, he transferred to the Bay City 
Lodge No. 71 . For fifteen years, he served as a Director 
for the San Francisco Odd Fellows Hall Association. In 
1895, he was elected Grand Treasurer for the Grand 
Lodge of California. 

is, at last, proceeding with some degree of rapidity, will greatly improve 
the neighborhood." 

For the next several years, the Odd Fellows Building stood as a 
jewel in the city of San Francisco. The Order was thriving and mem- 
bership growing to its highest levels ever. Nothing it seemed could slow 
down the expansion of the Odd Fellowship. Everything was good — 
until April 18,1906. 

72 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Evidence of a one-time active order. Picture taken at the Odd Fellows Building at Seventh & 
Market Streets, 1 904. 

Many other organizations, businesses, clubs, and fraternal or- 
ganizations grew in San Francisco, and the Odd Fellows soon faced 
the realization that their existence was in serious jeopardy because 
after residing in the City-by-the-Bay for 57 years, there occurred the 
worst catastrophic event on historical record in the state of Califor- 
nia. Saving the organization would take a miracle — and a bit of pure 

Chapter 8 

The Events 

Many significant events — literally hundreds — which were re- 
ported in every local newspaper, took place at the Odd Fellows 
Building and in the city of San Francisco. There were weekly 
dances, plays, skits, and theater-types of entertainment at the Odd Fel- 
lows Building. Outside organizations also used available spaces for 
events. In most cases, these events were opened to everyone — members 
and nonmembers alike. 

Events included acts by local entertainers such as "Frankie & 
Johnnie," who always promised to get the audience singing before they 
finished a show. Artists' performances were provided by the National 
Broadcasting Service, whose offices were located at 111 Sutter Street 
in San Francisco; and various movies were provided by Ford Motor 
Company. Only a handful of these events are mentioned in this text. 












Dinners, parties, and other events were a regular occurrence at the Odd Fellows Building. 


74 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 








ADMISSION 25 Cents °iSf M " 


The events change as the times change, circa l920.This event was hosted by the Loyal 
Rebekah Lodge No. 2 1 5. 

The Events ■ 75 


In the Gay Nineties A N, "" r E* 

Featuring OUtime Songs and Community Singing, Solos or.d Harrnonu Numhen 


An Earful of Excellent Entertainment 


Under Exclusive Management of 

Pbone GArfield 0515 MARIE HURSEY Res. PRosped 8705 


68 POST STREET, Suite 217 


An advertisement for "Frankie and Johnnie", a popular act in the era of vaudeville. They 
performed at the Odd Fellows Building. 

76 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Amity Ertekali IGnkjr, No. lfil . J. (§. <§. $. 

fUnmmal Wttt, (fifth IftUmns ftitilftmn 

7/r cfir</i«/tt/ it* te/'/e i/ott ttrt.f/ wrftr Jvfent/.i fu a //rut/ <r 

^dMA^U^l. ^.....^.<dA&*r!...ifc„ ., /9/ JL 

/'■Yr/ltf fMfhtt arz.Lt. Srr^^€^C_^^_ c A....A-..- 

"Night in Japan" event, hosted by Amity Rebekah Lodge No. 161. 1912. 





$10.00CASH $10.00 FIRST PRIZE 




Thursday Evening, April 30, 1936 


26 - 7TH ST. 

Games at the I.O.O.F. building. 

The Events ■ 77 

£L JL mireta pju (Btrls (Hlub £fa. li 

5. 31 Jlobge Imtbr ©rbrr £fa. 11 

3. (& <©. If. 

rorbialltt titiitirs jnnt in attcuti {he 

Joint |luhlic ^Installation of (Officers 

Sahtrhatj Jifemmg, (October 9, 1937 

nt etgl|t o'clock 

iWcmortal Stall 31 #. (0- 3f. Huifohtg 

?ti? tmd Jtttrlu-t S>trrct 
^8>att Jjrmtnsro, California 

Hhmrhicu faith liix-au shrill's (Orrln'stra 

The children of the Odd Fellows thrived in the 1930s in San Francisco. Circa 1937. 

Something doing every minute 



Free mhcini 
piec <mte fuze 


i# JPm Jfoe Jib Jnl im 


Morse Lodge Ho. 257 


Golden Gate Encampment No. 1 

Benefit of S. F. Junior Lodge No. 11 



8:30 P. M. 

Event to benefit San Francisco Junior 
Lodge No. I I. Circa 1940. 

78 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 


For Term Ending June 30, 


Noble Grand 

F. K. .VlacCubbin 

,C. W. 

ish, P. C 

Vice Grand . 

1541 i aiifornia Street, San Frnnciico 
relephone CRayrtona S8S0 

Treasurer X Angus. P. G. 

F. Jackson, P. G. 

Financial Sec: 
575 Eaghl 

Entertainment Committee 

C. W. English, P. G. 

A. Raissfc, P. G. R. E. Briggs, P. G. 

1 ! F. Byrne, P. G. O. E Buchecker 

Finance Committee 
M. Abrahams, P. G. 

O. I-.. Buchecker J. A. Madsen. P. G. 

Good and Welfare 

Samuel Burton, P. G, 
R, Scott, P. G. F. Jackson. P. G. 

N. Angus, P. G. H. E. Nott, P, G. 

No. I, 1. O. O. F. 

MAY - 1937 

Meets every Monday Eve»ms> 

Welcome Hal! - Odd Fellow^ Tempi, 

26 Seventh St,eet, San Franekoe 


For Terra Ending June 30, 


Noble Grand ,.F. R. MacCubbin 

3H2 Twenty-first Street, San Francisco 
VAlencia 4766 

Vice Grand C. W. English. P. G. 

! 54 1 California Street, San Francisco 
Telephone GRaystone 3680 

Treasurer N. Angus, P. G. 

2J8 Point Lobos Avenue, San FrsncUco 

SKyfine 2949 

Recording Secretary F. Jackson, P. G. 

471 Rolph Street. S«r. Francisco 
Telephone!;>h ?<>SI 

Financial Secretary Samuel Burton, P. G. 

5 75 E>ght e <nth Avenue, San Franctsco 
BAyview 9146 

Entertainment Committee 

C. W. English. P. G. 
A. Raissle, P. G. R. E. Brio's, P. G. 
H. F. Byrne, P. G. O, E Buchecker 

Finance Committee 

M. Abrahams, P. G. 
O. E. Buchecker J. A. Madsen, P. G, 

Good and Welfare 

Samuel Burton, P. G. 
R. Scott. P. G. F. Jackson. P. G. 

N. Angus, P. G. H. E. Nott, P. G. 

Various Programs for semi-annual instal 


JULY, 1937 

Meets every Monday 





ations of officers. California Lodge No. I. 

The Events ■ 79 


For Term Ending June 30, 


Noble Grand F. R. MacCubbin 

C W. English, P. G. 

Vice Grand 

1541 ( .,:. (.,,,„., Street. San Francisco 

Treasurer - N. Angus, P. 

Ji» Point I ofeoj Avenue, Sao Fi«n. iacc 

Recording Secretary F. Jackson, P 

575 Eighteenth Wnue, San F»nci«co 

Entertainment Committee 

C W. English, P. G 

A. Raissle, P. G. R. E. Briggs, P. C 

H. F. Byrne. P. G, O. E. Bucheckt 

Finance Committee 
M. Abrahams, P. G 

Good and Welfare 
Samuel Burton. P. G 

R. Scott, P. G. F. Jackson, P. G. 

N. Angus, P. G. 1 1. E. Nott, P. G. 



N O . 1 
I. O. O. F. 


APRIL ■ 1937 


ODD FE3 I OWS n vit'l I 

Various Programs for semi-annual installations of officers. California 
Lodge No. I . 

An I800's photo of Morrison Point, Russian River, where many of the San 
Francisco Odd Fellows Lodges frequented for picnics. 

80 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 



..i IKM Villi 



X, Z. Rf. 1 1 


C. 0. JfcSSrN. Pr«-»«W 
224 Washington St. 

i'?.i B GROUNDS 

r" .- «. :,.;v,l! t y>V 

TH cr MARK! 

• (800 

An Odd i 

RM wtth over o»e 
m& of river frontage where 
member* and the-' 
may enjoy, amid the scenic 

vwimminx, Mribfc 
boating and other i 
ii ebt redwood* 

< >, CORBIN, SetV 
Box 503 PetMoma, Calif. 

October 26, 1937- 

Magnolia Lodge B w « 2- 
I ,( . ,P., 
San Francisco, Calif. 

Dear ore the rs 

-.nclasinsz. irh'ormatio 
reliable ...,': ..- ' ■! : 

elativc to 
our; « >r u icv ,v> 4 •:: Fellows, 

• - her branches of 


due t 

his to be on attract 

Ian of ret:- ; so bonds. 

: on do sin 
t us know. 

V$c femst m ....... :-r. 

for sortie of those bonds. They will rest from 

tho date wo receive 



C, B. J< ^f. 

Odd Fellows Recreation Club correspondence, 1 937. Today, the Odd Fellows still use the 
Russian River facilities. 

What was probably the grandest event of the Order happened in 
September of 1869. The Grand Sire Elias Driggs Farnsworth, along 
with a delegation of 122 representatives and others, traveled to Califor- 
nia by train. This had never been done before in the history of the 
Order. Both the Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroads brought 

The Events ■ 8 1 

Elias Driggs Farnsworth, Past Grand Sire. Born in 
Hartford, Connecticut, December 16, 1818; died in 
San Francisco, California, March 29, 1893. 

this party to California on different legs of the journey. This was the 
first time this Grand Body ever met west of the Missouri River. 

In fact, in 1869, the Grand Lodge of the United States achieved the 
distinction of being the first organized body to cross the continent "by 
rail" from one seaboard to the other, when it held its session in San 
Francisco. Most of these dignitaries had originated from the East Coast. 

It goes without saying that this would not have been possible if 
the railroad was not completed on time. Not only did the railroad have 
to be completely constructed in time, but financial backing needed to 
be guaranteed for the transportation of the delegation from Omaha to 
Sacramento, which was done. 

A generous free passage proposal by Templar Lodge No. 17, of 
San Francisco, to the Grand Sire and his officers took care of the 

82 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

problem. The sum of $10,000 was underwritten by the president of 
California Bank, William Chapman Ralston, who was also a member 
of Templar Lodge. 

This visitation by the Grand Lodge of the United States was made 
almost immediately after the last spike — the Golden Spike — was 
pounded into the last piling (on May 10, 1869) at Promontory Summit, 
in Promontory, Utah, completing the first transcontinental railroad. 

The large delegation arrived in San Francisco on September 16, 
1869, via Sacramento, where the Grand Sire had previously laid the 
cornerstone for the new Sacramento Temple. 

When the delegation reached the California Theatre in San Fran- 
cisco, the Grand Master of California John Brown Harmon spoke to an 
excited audience. Then, the Grand Sire spoke. A jubilant crowd roaring 
with the expectation of hearing from James L. Ridgely shouted, 
"Ridgely, Ridgely, Ridgely." Someone in the audience then shouted 
"Light — a thousand dollars for light!" At that moment, every gas light 
in the theatre came on. This was a moment none in the audience would 
ever forget. 

Ridgely was one of the most prominent Odd Fellows in the history 
of the Order in America, and he visited San Francisco. The Secretary of 
the Grand Lodge of the United States, the beloved James L. Ridgely, had 
been welcomed by thousands of Odd Fellows as he departed a boat com- 
ing from Alameda after an earlier visit. The procession that greeted him 
at the docks included a "platoon of police and a regiment of the Na- 
tional Guard, followed by thousands of Odd Fellows in full regalia to 
the Great California Theatre." The California theater was located on 
Bush Street. 

All the visitors were transported by carriages to the theater. The 
cheers were deafening and only stopped when Ridgely spoke. He was 
humbled by the welcome. Years before, he had been credited with re- 
viving the values of the Odd Fellows by changing the old image of a 
"bunch of drinkers" to an honorable band of brothers. 

The visiting members enjoyed their time in San Francisco. On Fri- 
day afternoon, September 24, 1869, the Grand Lodge of the United States 

The Events ■ 83 

James L. Ridgely. Born in Baltimore, the 
birthplace of American Odd Fellowship, 
January 27, 1807. He is "conceded to be the 
benefactor of American Odd Fellowship". 
Noted for writing the Past Grand's charge 
in the Odd Fellows Ritual. 

"in full regalia, by invitation visited the Seventh Industrial Exhibition of 
the Mechanic's Institute." The delegation was never still as it was invited 
to many events. The event concluded on September 25, 1869. 

Some individuals credit the continued expansion of the West with 
this particular event. According to the Fifty Years of Odd Fellowship in 
California (1899), the visit did more for California as a state than it did 
for the Order in the state. 

"All that our visiting brethren saw was a new revelation to them 
and to the millions of people among whom they lived in their far East- 
ern homes, and those of them who still survive have not yet ceased 
talking of what they saw, singing the praises of California. Their re- 
ports of the visit and what they saw and learned on that trip, made in 
their Eastern lodges and on public occasions at their respective 

84 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

homes, added many thousands to the population of California and the 
great but hitherto unknown West." 

On December 11, 1890, the Women's Educational and Industrial 
Union held a benefit event which showcased many performances. The 
Odd Fellows Building was the venue for this wonderful event. It was a 
smashing success. The king of Hawaii, King Kalakaua, even came to 
see the show. 

The Odd Fellows Building housed one of the most important mu- 
sical events of the nineteenth century in December of 1890. Vladimir 
de Pachmann, considered the greatest pianist of his time, performed 
four times in the building, emphasizing the music of Chopin. 

In the Hall Association report of 1897, an interesting report by its 
president was submitted which contained a story as follows: "In August 
last [1896] the officers of the library and other tenants of this building 
complained of being disturbed by the Socialist Labor Party, which fre- 
quently congregated on Seventh Street, near Market, for the purpose 
of holding 'open air' political meetings. It was represented to them that 
their exhortations disturbed the lodge's meeting in the building and 
were annoying to those in the reading rooms of the library. They were 
respectfully asked to discontinue their meetings at that particular 
place, which they positively refused to do." Eventually, the speakers 
were arrested and prosecuted, thereby ending the problem. 

On May 22, 1898, soldiers, many of whom were members of the 
Order on their way to Manila to fight in the insurrection, were wel- 
comed into the building. They were sent to battle with full stomachs 
and with "Godspeed" and primed by several motivating speeches. After 
the conclusion of the war, the soldiers were again welcomed home and 
again shown a wonderful feast and given many thankful speeches. In 
return, the Idaho Regiment presented its host, Bay City Lodge No. 71, 
a gavel made of wood from a Spanish garrote, and a silver badge of the 
Odd Fellows' Association of Manila. 

In 1904, the Odd Fellows had welcomed its Sovereign Grand Lodge 
to the city of San Francisco. In its honor, the organization held a cele- 
bration that was called the "Odd Fellows' Celebration — Illuminations 

The Events ■ 85 




Volunteers returning from the Philippines. In 1898, fighting men had been given a 
proper send-off by the Odd Fellows of San Francisco, and greeted upon their return. 
Bay City. 

The U.S.S. Hancock.This ship served its troops in the Philippine war. 

86 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Fourth of July procession in 1899, also celebrating the return of the troops. 

On Market Street," where thousands of lights lit up Market Street from 
the Ferry Building to the City Hall. Hundreds of thousands of lights 
were used in the event and the result was nothing short of spectacular. 
The decorations included lighted symbols representative of and unique 
to Odd Fellowship: the all-seeing eye, the three links of friendship, love, 
and truth; and much more. Thousands of people enjoyed the display. 

On September 19, 1904, at 8:00 p.m., the officers of the Sovereign 
Grand Lodge were treated to an evening of entertainment at the Me- 
chanics' Pavilion on Larkin Street. There were several musical events 
presented during the evening. The orchestra, under direction of Pro- 
fessor Carl Sawvell, played a "Welcome" to the honored guests. The 
Knickerbocker Quartette also performed, following performances by 
Susie A. Pracy and H. S. Stedman, a pianist and an organist respec- 
tively. Soloists Lulu Purlenky, a contralto, and Robert W. Jones, a 
baritone, each gave the audience their best renditions of "Let Me Love 
Thee" ("Arditi") and "Queen of the Earth" ("Penseti"). 

It is of particular interest that for many years in the early days of 
California Odd Fellowship, whenever a Sovereign Grand Master, or 

The Events ■ 87 

Images from Odd Fellows light show on Market 
Street, in 1904. 

Odd Fellows light show on Market Street, in 1904. 

88 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Odd Fellows light show on Market Street, in 1904. 

"Grand Sire" as the title was later changed, was visiting the state, he 
would normally be greeted by the governor. 

In 1905, the Grand Master challenged the membership in Califor- 
nia to reach a level of 40,000 members by the end of his term. The Order 
reached 40,000 that year and had a statewide celebration aptly named 
"California's 40,000 Night," and was celebrated at each lodge through- 
out the state. This was called "the grandest conception ever recorded 
in the history of our Order." 

For any organization to have reached a membership of 40,000 in a 
state was phenomenal at that time. To reach that number in less than 
57 years is amazing. For the next 20 years, that number would only grow. 

The Odd Fellows and all of its Grand Bodies participated in the 
1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco as did 




Apollo Lodge No. 123, with other members of the order, at the 1915 Panama Pacific International 

The Events ■ 89 

Odd Fellows participating in parade. September 20, 1904. 

90 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Executive Committee .or Reception of the So'":rei^n Grand Lodge 
I. O. O. F.. SAN FRANCISCO, CAL., SEPTEMBER 20-25, 1915 

U. S. G Clifford, Awl lirand Secy., Ami seeretat 

Ma.v E Donoho, Set Rebekah Assembly. Asat . St 

}. K. Rittar, Maj -Gen. Dept Cat., Patriarchs Mil 

John Glasson, P. G M.— Badge 

Wm. H Barnes, Grand scribe Grand Encpt— PrU 

John Haxlett, Trustee Odd Fellows Home— Hotels 

Geo. K. Hudson, P. G. M — Matte 

H D. Richardson, Grand Secretary— Printing 

Henry jacks, J'. G —Finance 

T. B. W. i.eland. P. G —Parade, Grand Marshal 


Seventh and Market Streets 


). IV Schlosser, Deputy Grand Mastw 



n <,,, mi P G M . P G R., Grand Trustee 


W Phelps, P. G. M , Grand Representative 


w Watson, P (J M.. P. G, K. 


H Selvage, P G M , 1' G. R. 


P. Johnson, Jt , P. G M , Grand Representative 


11. Black, P (., P., Grand Representative 


,. I Ward, P G P., Grand Representative 


j K Davis, P. G. P., P G. R. 


M. Avis, Grand Patriarch 

A i 

ete Stockweii, President Rebekah Assembly 


;e Desda Ritter, Vice President Rebekah Assembly 


ilv M. Knoph. Warden Rebekah Assembly 


laie M. Lacy, Past President Rebekah Assembly 


lie Craig, Trustee 1. O. O. F. Orphans Home 


A. Sinclair. Trustee Odd Fellows Home 


AUGUST 6. 1915 

Special Parade Circular 


T. B. W. Leland, 

J. B. Oltland 
Frank. D. Worth 

A. W. Benedict 
M M. Ludlow 


W. H. Whims 
Theo. Trever 
Frank. Rothinc 
O. H. Hardgrove 

To Subordinate Lodges, Encampments. Rebekah Lodges and Patriarch Militant,, 

I. O. O. F., of California. Greetings: 

The Annual Session of the Sovereign Grand Lodge, I. O. O. F.. will be held in 
San Francisco from September 20 to 25. 1915. 

On Wednesday, September 22nd. al 10 a. m. will be held a Grand Parade. As 
this occasion will mark the presentation of our Order before the citizens of San Fran- 
cisco and the visiting public, we must see to it that this public appearance will be made 
in a manner most creditable to our Order. 

Your Parade Committee, therefore, invite your most loyal, earnest and enthusiastic 
cooperation in accomplishing this laudable object. 

The time is short, but let us at once put our shoulders to the 

j active work we will have a parade, of which we will all be proud. 

tid with prompt. 

Just a few suggestions: The attractiveness of a parade depends largely upon its music, special original features, 
color schemes, etc. Bring music as much as you can afford. 

If not uniform get up some original feature. If you can afford to do so, have a float. 

Communicate with our Float Committee, of which Brother H. W. Osthoff, 522 Jessie street, San Francisco, is 

chairman, in regard to floats, size, prices, etc. 

We will also depend especially upon the Rebekah Lodges for original color effects in decorated automobiles, floats 

or other features. 

Remember, especially if you brii 
separated from you. 

band or drum corps, it will be your band or dr 
and coi 

If your attendance will be too small to participate as an individual lodge, jo 
anyhow. Bring your flags and banners. 

corps and will not be 
as a district ; but come 

Special dispensation will be granted for wearing regalias in public on this occasion. 

In order that your committee may at once take up the parade formation, etc., please fill out enclosed card and 
rward promptly with such other information as you may consider to be of assistance to the Parade Committee. 

The Parade will enter the Panama-Pacific International Exposition Grounds and appropriate exercises will be held 
the California State Building. 

By authority of the Grand Lodge, I. O. O. F. 
FRANK D. MACBETH, Grand Mastc 
H. D. RICHARDSON, Grand Secretary. 

T. B. W. LELAND. Chairman 
JAS. W. HARRIS, President 

I.O.O.F. circular offering information on the 1915 Panama Pacific International Exposition. 

The Events ■ 9 1 

^mm- -4_^ 

91 st Session of the Sovereign Grand Lodge. The souvenir badge of 
this session, held September, 1915. 

nearly anyone who resided or visited San Francisco in 1915. However, 
the presence of the Odd Fellows had to be noticed by everyone as they 
displayed probably the largest parade during the Expo. William Barnes, 
Grand Scribe of the Grand Encampment, describes the scene: 

"Reaching from the Ferry Building to the entrance of the Exposi- 
tion Grounds (a distance of four miles) was a solid phalanx of floats, 
banners, uniformed Patriarchs, marching brethren and sisters, bands 
and decorations galore. While many parades of many descriptions have 
occurred in this city during 1915, this procession was unique from the 
fact that it was composed exclusively of members of the Order, with the 
exception of a single platoon of police at its head, and was pronounced 
by thousands of spectators who lined the streets, as well as by the press 
of the city, to have been equal, if not superior, to any similar parade. 

"At the California Building, a plaque was presented by the Expo- 
sition officials, who also provided a number of extra features, 
illuminations, emblematic fireworks, etc." 

92 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Official Souvenir Program of the Odd Fellows, made for the 1915 
Panama-Pacific Exposition. 

The Odd Fellows lodges with the largest turnouts for the parade 
received cash awards from the Grand Lodge. Apollo Lodge No. 123 re- 
ceived $100 for having the most members marching in the parade. 

In 1919, Grand Master Hugh W. Brunk held a grand event to cele- 
brate the first 100 years of Odd Fellowship in America. "Brother Brunk 
presided over the Sixty-Seventh Session of the Grand Lodge, which was 
held at the San Francisco Civic Auditorium on May 13, 1919. The fol- 
lowing day the one hundredth anniversary of the institution of Odd 
Fellowship in America was celebrated. 

The Events ■ 93 

Apollo Lodge No. 123 was dressed for the occasion at the 1915 Panama Pacific 
International Exposition, in San Francisco.This picture is in front of the Palace of Fine Arts. 

"The Anniversary Parade consisted of many divisions of Odd Fellows, 
Rebekahs, Cantons [militant group of the Odd Fellows], Encampment, 
and many members of the Order in the uniform of U.S. Army, Navy, and 
Marine Corps." There were several emblematic floats and several march- 
ing bands. The float leading the procession held Grand Master Brunk, 
Grand Treasurer James W. Harris, and San Francisco Mayor James Rolph 
Jr., who was a long time member of Fidelity Odd Fellows Lodge No. 222. 
Brother Rolph, 'Sunny Jim' as he was known, became the fourth native- 
born Governor of California in 1931. 

"More than 10,000 members gathered for the Grand Ball in the 
Civic Auditorium in the evening." 

On Sunday, April 15, 1934, the Odd Fellows met at the Mt. Olivet 
Cemetery to rededicate the Dr. John Frederick Morse Memorial 

94 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Souvenir Badge, presented to Sovereign 
Grand Lodge, September, 19 1 5. This 
Badge is from the Panama-Pacific 
Exposition of 1915. 

Monument. His grave and monument had been moved from the Odd 
Fellows Cemetery in San Francisco to Colma. Dr. Morse became one 
of the most notable Odd Fellows in that he had helped plant the 
seeds of Odd Fellowship, not only in California, but also in Europe as 
well. Thousands of people attended this worthy event, including the 
mayor of San Francisco, the Honorable Angelo Rossi; the governor of 
California, the Honorable James Rolph Jr.; Grand Master of the Odd 
Fellows, Fred Boeken; and the president of the Pioneers of Califor- 
nia, Charles A. Shurtless. Dr. Morse was a very important figurehead 
in the growth of California. 

The Events ■ 95 

Hugh Wilson Brunk,the 66 th Grand 
Master, 1918. 

Originally, the Odd Fellows paid tribute to their beloved member, 
San Franciscan John Frederick Morse, by creating a Morse Memorial 
Fund to purchase a monument worthy of this great man. In 1875, dur- 
ing the sessions of the California Grand Lodge, it was decided that 
$5,000 would be the goal targeted to erect a monument on Morse's 
grave. After 5 years of saving what was a substantial amount of money 
in that era, a 17-foot monument was purchased and erected for a cost of 
$3,000. This left enough money for the maintenance of the monument. 

As the Odd Fellows supported one another in participating in 
events, the membership also supported other organizations. One of 
these included the support of "Blindcraft," an organization established 
in 1917 to support the blind. The organization primarily sold brooms 
to "housewives" in order to raise money for its cause, but it sold other 
items as well, many of which were made by the blind. The Odd Fellows 
were regularly asked to support "Blindcraft Week" (October) by asking 

96 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Odd Fellows enjoying a social in the Odd Fellows Building at Seventh & Market 
Streets, prior to 1906. 

the membership to buy their products. Blindcraft was located at 1097 
Howard Street, San Francisco. 


The Kings' Daughters' Home for Incurables Association held a 
4-day festival at the Odd Fellows Building in January of 1891. As stated 
in the Evening Post, "The object of the association is the founding of a 
home and hospital for incurables, irrespective of sex and denomina- 
tion, and it is intended to commence building the same as sufficient 
funds are on hand to warrant it." The Post added that, " . . . several 
members of the Olympic Club will give exhibitions of wrestling and 
other feats, and Miss Nellie Bowlin will execute several fancy dances." 
The event also included Arabian Nights, which portrayed the story of 
Sinbad. The Caravan as it was called, included many characters in the 

The Events ■ 97 


•fHwr*k* &* *> f*w 

ii 1 % 

r-r^r «|* r t r>+ t r * r * J f fir f,| f f 5*3 

San Francisco Canton No. 5, posing in Regalia. 

play: "Sinbad the Sailor, Ali Baba, Blue Beard, Maronf (the henpecked 
husband), Joudar with his enchanted saddle bags, Ganem and other 
characters well-known to all readers of the 'Arabian Nights' tales." The 
event was headed by Mrs. Ella Sterling Cummins. 

The events that occurred at the Odd Fellows Building, or by the 
Odd Fellows in the city, are too numerous to list in this documentary. 


In 1899, a grand celebration was held in the city of San Francisco 
to honor the first 50 years of Odd Fellowship in the state. This event 
was a spectacle to be viewed by all San Franciscans. Of course, numer- 
ous committees were formed to ensure the success of the entire event. 
Money was supplied by lodges throughout the state, for they were seek- 
ing the "most successful celebration of any secret Order ever held on 

98 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

San Francisco Canton No. 5, 1936. 

this Coast." There were special badges made specifically for the event. 
Ten thousand books were printed and literally hundreds of local San 
Francisco businesses placed ads in a limited edition 344-page book 
which sold for only twenty-five cents. Only 7 years later, most of those 
hundreds of businesses would fall victim to the Great Quake and Fire. 
The official medal of the Jubilee was designed by Odd Fellow Ho- 
ratio Stockton Winn, who also chaired the Committee on Souvenir 
Badges. Brother Winn was born May 24, 1824, in Nashua, New Hamp- 
shire. In February 1852, he departed Boston and traveled to California. 
The steamer he was sailing on, the North America, was wrecked off the 
coast of Mexico. His trip to California continued to be accident-prone 
as he and other survivors of the wreck made a 90-mile journey by mule 
to Acapulco, where they found another vessel to take them to San Fran- 
cisco. It was not until July that he finally arrived in San Francisco. After 
settling in Sacramento, he opened a bakery where he eventually retired 
as a wealthy man. 

The Events ■ 99 

Charles L. Patton, an attorney, located at 
101 I -10 1 2 in the Claus Spreckels Building in 
San Francisco, expressed his interest in the Odd 
Fellows by sending a short note of inquiry, along 
with a $25.00 donation toward the 1899 Jubilee 

The souvenir badge of the 1899 Jubilee was representative of a $50 
"slug," or gold piece, used in the early years of California's statehood. 
Featured are the emblems of the various branches of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. In the center of the badge was a portrait of 
Samuel H. Parker, the first Grand Master of the organization in Cali- 
fornia. Today, there are only a handful of these badges remaining. 

100 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Horatio Stockton Winn. 

The Events ■ 101 

Image of 1899 Golden Jubilee Souvenir badges designed to have the same shape and 
size as a $50.00 gold slug. It sold for fifty cents during the celebration of 50 years of 
Odd Fellowship in California. Its designer was Horatio S.Winn, a long-time member of 
the order and brother of General Albert M.Winn; also a prominent Odd Fellow. 

102 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 




ri:ir-_ : --- - 

fS: i lis 

Chapter 9 

Tragedy Strikes 
April 1906 

The Great Quake struck! Of the forty-five Odd Fellows lodges in 
San Francisco, only one escaped destruction. Repeat: only one 
escaped destruction! Spartan Lodge No. 125, which was located 
at Fourteenth & Railroad Avenue was spared. 

The conditions were horrible in the city. The organization's 
leader, Grand Master William Wyler Phelps, stated: 

"Thousands of brothers and sisters, together with their families, 
were rendered homeless and in many, many instances, penniless as 
well. Driven from home by earthquake and fire, exposed to the keen 
winds from off the ocean, wandering through the streets night and 
day, and in too many instances clothed in scant attire, our brothers, 
our sisters, our wives, our children struggled and tramped to reach a 
place supposed to be immune from the ravages of the awful holocaust, 
only to be driven again and again through the surging mass of human- 
ity in awful strife to reach a place of safety. Husband separated from 
wife; father and mother from children, perhaps never again to be re- 
united; all striving with sheer desperation to escape from the wrecked 
and burning buildings, only to be exposed to the night air for one, two, 
three, and perhaps four nights with no place to lay their heads but on 
Mother Earth, with no covering to shield them from cold but the great 
canopy of heaven. Oh! how they suffered from hunger and thirst dur- 
ing those terrible days of April 18 th , 19 th , 20 th , and 21 st ." 

The great disaster "was by far the most serious in its effect, of 
any disaster in the history of Odd Fellowship. In loss of life and prop- 
erty, it is the greatest, by far, of any recorded disaster in ancient or 
modern history." 



The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

William Wylar Phelps was the Grand 
Master of California at the time the 
Great Quake and fire hit the city of San 
Francisco in 1906. 

In his written report of 1906, Grand Master Phelps mirrored what 
many historians of the 1906 disaster now agree: "We well know the pol- 
icy to minimize the loss of life at this time, to keep no record of deaths 
but those where there was some possibility of identification, but it is 
useless to conceal the truth, for the historians, who in after-years will 
write an authentic account of the 'earthquake and fire of 1906,' and will 
place a figure far and beyond those given to the world today." 

Its flagship — its palace — the Odd Fellows Building was com- 
pletely destroyed. What the earthquake did not destroy, the fire 

Fire approaching Odd Fellows Building shortly after earthquake 
in 1906. (Courtesy of California Historical Society) 

Tragedy Strikes — April 1906 ■ 105 

Down Market Street, from Eighth Street, shortly after the 
1906 earthquake, prior to the Odd Fellows Building being 
dynamited. The damaged clock tower of the building 
could still be seen. 

certainly destroyed. The building was actually blown up to prevent the 
fire from spreading. It was a firebreak in a sense, but a great loss. Ac- 
cording to the San Francisco News, it took 750 pounds of explosives to 
destroy the Odd Fellows Building; however, in the dynamiting of the 
building, the blast was so tremendous that it caused $100,000 worth of 
damage to the post office across the street. 

There may have possibly been two separate incidences where the 
Odd Fellows structure was dynamited following the earthquake. On the 
photograph by the Pillsbury Picture Company showing the Odd Fel- 
lows Building being dynamited, it states "1000 lbs" was used; however, 
as stated in the previous paragraph by the San Francisco News, it took 
"750 pounds." There are images showing what remained after the ini- 
tial explosion. In the actual images of the explosion, each appears to 
look different. It was apparent and plausible that an additional explo- 
sion would have been used to bring the rest down at a later date. There 
are disparities in the reporting of this occurrence. 

Years of work, records, and money in the Odd Fellows Building 
were lost in the matter of moments. However, there was one incident 
that is worth mentioning: Odd Fellow member Thomas Mann, against 
the orders of soldiers, raced into the heavily damaged building by 


The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Odd Fellows Building being dynamited after the Great Earthquake 
and Fire of 1906. 

Odd Fellows Building at Seventh & Market being dynamited with 
1 ,000 pounds of explosives. (San Francisco News agencies reported 
that it took "750 pounds"). Pillsbury Picture Company, No. 253. 
(Courtesy of California Historical Society) 

Tragedy Strikes — April 1 906 ■ 1 07 

climbing a fire escape and entering a window, then returning with the 
original charter of California Lodge No. 1. His actions were seen as 
heroic by many members, and the incident was reported in the 1906 
Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of California. 

There were so few records kept on those who perished in the Great 
Quake, but some deaths did manage to be recorded. A visiting Odd Fel- 
low from Michigan, George M. Lockwood was killed instantly by a 
falling brick in front of the Wells Building on Clay and Montgomery. 
He had come from Stockton, California, for the day. When found, his 
skull had been crushed; in his possession was a letter from his wife in 

Within weeks after the destruction of the Odd Fellows Building, 
the parent organization (Grand Lodge), which had been located in the 
ill-fated building, set up its office in the spared Grant Building. Al- 
though the Grant Building was severely damaged, it would be quickly 
repaired, saved, and house the corporate office of the Grand Lodge. 

Meanwhile, only by a narrow vote held on July 25, 1906, did the 
Odd Fellows decide to keep the property at Seventh & Market streets. 
With the decision to keep this property, the Odd Fellows guaranteed 
their continued existence in San Francisco. 

The annual Odd Fellows Convention had been scheduled to be 
held in the city of San Francisco in May. It had to be relocated to Santa 

Visible damage to Odd Fellows 
Building. Southeast on Leavenworth 
Street from Golden Gate Avenue, San 
Francisco, April 18, 1 906. James O. Rue, 
Oakland, photographer. (Courtesy of 
California Historical Society) 


The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Clean up after the dynamiting of the Odd Fellows 
Building at Seventh & Market Streets. 1906. (Courtesy 
of California Historical Society) 

The remains of Odd Fellows Grotto after the 1906 
earthquake. Image by Western Photographic 
Company, Los Angeles. (Courtesy of California 
Historical Society) 

Cruz because there were no rooms or halls left standing that could ac- 
commodate a convention of any kind. Due to the extreme physical and 
mental pressures of having to reorganize the event in such short order 
and handle nearly all of the logistics, the Grand Secretary George 
Thomas Shaw, sadly, passed away only 5 days after the conclusion of the 
Convention. Most members agreed it was the stress involved from hav- 
ing to handle the move and the abrupt change that killed Mr. Shaw. 

Tragedy Strikes — April 1 906 


The Samuel Hale Parker Monument 
was also extensively damaged by the 


(Irani ftoflgr, J. (§. (§. 3 

of tlje §>tatr of (Uaiifnrma 



On and after Monday, July 1, 1907, the 
office of the Grand Secretary -will be located 
in the Grant Building', corner of Seventh and 
MarKet Streets. Fraternally, 


Grand Secretary. 

This postcard gives notice of the new location of the Grand Lodge. This move coincides 
with the reconstruction of the Odd Fellows Building at Seventh & Market Streets. 

I 10 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

After the San Francisco Earthquake of 
1 906, the Grand Lodge set up its 
temporary office at 458 Duboce 
Avenue on the second floor. Several of 
the lodges moved their meetings to the 
Franklin Hall at the corner of Geary 
and Steiner streets and to the Auxiliary 
Hall at 1881 Bush street. 

Born in 1832, George Thomas Shaw 
became a member of Spartan Lodge 
No. 125. He was elected Grand 
Secretary and served in that capacity 
until 1 906; just six weeks after the 
1 906 earthquake. It is said the stress of 
trying to reorganize the office of the 
Grand Lodge before the annual 
convention took his life. 

Tragedy Strikes — April 1906 "III 

Being the type of organization that it was afforded it the unique 
opportunity of accessing a city under martial law during the initial 
stages of the crises and the days that followed the earthquake. The gov- 
ernor permitted the Odd Fellows to put into place the Disaster Relief 
Society (or Committee). This was one of only a handful of organiza- 
tions allowed into the city under martial law. It should also be noted 
that the Odd Fellows "fed 12,000 to 14,000 people daily" in the first 
days of the disaster. 

The Odd Fellows Relief Association was given a pass to enter the 
restricted areas in the city Of San Francisco during the period of mar- 
tial law immediately after the earthquake and fire of 1906. The 
Association was able to provide immediate relief to members and many 
nonmembers. The Odd Fellows were one of the few groups equipped to 
handle disaster and met an obligation and need never seen before 1906. 

It is remarkable, as widespread as the destruction was throughout 
the city, William Ralston's Palace Hotel managed to stay intact. His 
well-planned construction of the hotel, utilizing the concept of steel 
strapping, could have been useful to the Odd Fellows and their building. 



ApriU.~~--..^iL.v 1 906 

PASS MR. J&Aa*^^ 9« ViUC^ 

lATf/l (Af ^ l r^h the lines in SAN FRANCISCO. 
By order of GEO. C. PARDEE, 

Attest: /? v^7 ^^w-^S^Rnor of California 

'"2/" Adit Gen. of Cal. 

A pass from the Governor's office permitting a member of the Odd Fellows Relief 
Committee to enter the city while it was still under Martial Law dated April 23, 1906. 

I 1 2 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Tent set up by the Odd Fellows Relief Committee shortly after 1906 
earthquake. The Odd Fellows placed many of these "relief stations" 
throughout the city. (Courtesy of California Historical Society) 

Odd Fellows relief station in the Mission. Members of the Odd 
Fellows standing in front of a I.O.O.F. Relief Station. This station was 
set up following the 1906 earthquake. (Photo courtesy of John 


The Secretary of the Committee mav be found a; 
his office. Room 4, Odd Fellows Hall, -very day (Sun- 
days excepted) between the hours of 10 o'clock a. m 
and 4 p. no . for the purpose of receiving applications 
for relief and tuch new cases as maj be presented 

In all cases of sickness reported to the President or 

diaieiy appointed. »n<< it shall be the c«tv ol i?.< 
delegate numbered t to visit the brother within twen- 
ty-four hours after being notified of his appointment. 

The Chairman of Sub-Committees on Bick are held 

responsible for the drawing of sick benefits I o 

and in the event of the absence of the Chairman, the 

next member of ftie Commit lee wii! stand to that duty. 

obtain a blank physician's certificate f. >ra the Secre- 
tary and shall hand the sal 

under the care of th<- t :■■-■. .!•,■ -..ho shai] have it 
properly filled in, and winch must be submitted io th« 
Commit tea at the first regular session after the case is 

In case of any disputes as to benefits, refer the 
same to Hi-- President oi >e,.retaiv 

Phone UNderhil! 1737 

I. O. O. F. 




One Hundred and Sixty-seventh 
Semi-Annual Term 



meets eve 

rv Fridi 


ack sharp, at 

Odd Fallot 

v.s Hall. 

Delegates may be represented by substitute ,ip 
minted by themselves, such appointment being in 

FEBRUARY. 1938. TO AUGUST. 193fi 


iiataiy notify tfa 


President PETER BEASLEi 

Morse Lodge No 25? 

Vice-President A I. I'M MK.-ON 

Abou Ben Adhern Lodge No. 112 

Secretary Hi! Wi't.SON 

Fidelity Lodge No. 222 

Treasurer R. K MARKW1TH 

Pacific Lodge No 155 


C. C. Campbell i tdeiity Lodge No 

O. |. DcWal! .Spartan i odge No 

Waiter Brown AHa Lodge No 

Ray Johnson Occidental Lodsje No. 

R A. Nelson Odin L 

C. Malchow Harmony L id !« No 

P I. Meyer. Verba Buena I 

S. Weinberg I xceiakw I r No 

C. C. Campbell I i lelitj L. tge No 

A. Bell Bay City I 

G. Mom-il Presi 

L. Amorsen .. Pri .idi . Lodge 1* 


E. J. Kubtsh Golden Gate Lodge No. 

J. Sorer., on Mo, Loose No 

A. N. Ivy Pacific Lodge No. 

W. Matisek Unity Lodge No 


F. Figone I olotnbu ■ i o 

J. G. Reisner Abou Ben Adhern Lodge N< 

Walter Brown Alta Lodge No. 

D DeGiorea's Columbus Lodge No. 


California Lodge No. 1 — Meets every Monday Eve. 
G. McCov. N G I * Seventh Streei 

■ ' t- V. (. J70 5.,n Carloe Av 

Harmony Lodge No. 13 — Meets every Tuesday Eve. 
G. Malchow. N G 

L. Kiee. P. G 25 Vi i 

Yerba Buena Lodge No IS— Meets every Tout 

I.eKov I. VIoset. N (. I SO Milt 

(. 4)4 It 

Magnolia Lodse No 29 — Meets evei y Tuesday Eve. 
II. McMullen, N G 745 Cabrill 

I layden. V. G 

ri — Meets even 

17 Balboa St 

116 Eddy Street 

112 — Meats every Thurs- 

Concordia Loci 

Abou Ben Adhem Lod*:c Nc 

day Eve. 
A I. Patterson, P G 
j. G. Reisner, N >, 

sday Eve. 
Dry d 

1 >5 

Franco Ar 


V, Manoni 


fidelity L. 


Peter Beas 

H «. Vgi 

207— Meets 1st and 3i d 

ery Wedr 

Cai of 1 i ' 
Excelsior Lodge No. 310 — Meets every Monday Eve. 


i . . 
26* I., -.o i 

S Weinberger. N G 
M ! .!..!.. X C 
Golden Lodge No 322- 
U 8 Grant, Jr., N C 
r, V. G 

Presidio Lodge No. 334 — Meets ever 

G MoneU. N G 8 

n, V G 1626 

Odin Lodge No. 393 — Meets every Wednesday Lve. 

(2174 Market ! 
G. O. M 

K. \ N,'o ,n, V. G 1602 Ans 

Columbus Lodge No. 394 — Meet* 1st and 3i I 
(1S24 Powell Sin I 

r>. . .. 


Stanford Lodge No. 485— Meets 1st and 3rd Tuesday. 
(1606 Stockton 

N (. 

Card of I.O.O.F. General Relief Committee (Cover, and inside). 

1 14 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 


nf tbr f*>taU xif (California 



San Francisco, Cal., August I. 1907. 

To all Lodges Subordinate to the Grand Lodge, I. O. O. F., of the State of California, Greeting : 

Odd Fellowship is progressing rapidly in point of membership and amount of good it is doing in the 
cause of humanity. If, perchance, there is a weak Lodge it is urged that you do all in your power to revive 
the waning spirit of that Lodge. The moment may be a critical one in its history, and a careful handling of 
the situation by the officers may save it and its members to the ranks of Odd Fellowship. Attend the meetings 
as frequently as possible, thus giving encouragement and support to those you have placed at the helm and as 
guiding stars in your Lodge. 

It is the aim of the Grand Master to visit all the Lodges as laid down in his Official Visitation District 
at least once during his term of office. Whenever and wherever a date is assigned for a visitation it is the 
sincere wish of the Grand Master that the members of the Lodge, as well as visitors, will find it convenient 
to attend, thus making the meeting an instructive, agreeable and enjoyable one to all alike concerned. 

With very best wishes for your future success, continued prosperity, and hope that you will make this 
the banner year in the ranks of American Odd Fellowship in the State of California. 

Sincerely and fraternally yours in Friendship, Love and Truth, 



Grand Master. 

Grand Secretary. 

Letter dated August I, 1907 from the Grand Lodge of California (San Francisco). 

Chapter 10 

The Odd Fellows 
Building — 1909 

Acting quickly to preserve the integrity of the Odd Fellows in San 
Francisco, the Odd Fellows Hall Association of San Francisco 
met immediately after the destruction of the building to plan for 
the construction of a new building. Using the insurance money from 
the destroyed building, selling off a piece of the land the 1884 building 
used to sit upon, and gaining a majority of support from the organiza- 
tion, a new building would stand in the place of where disaster nearly 
toppled the Order. 

The Odd Fellows Board selected local architect George Andrew 
Dodge whose office was located at 244 Kearny Street. Victor Hoffman 
was hired as the builder of the new Odd Fellows Building. Unfortu- 
nately, George Andrew Dodge died in an automobile accident a short 
time after the Odd Fellows Building was built. 

One sad incident occurred on August 12, 1909, when "in the 
course of construction" of the steel-framed Odd Fellows Building, an 
iron worker by the name of Andrew Smith was killed, leaving a widow, 
Callie Smith. The 39-year-old Canadian native had been employed by 
the Ralston Iron Works of San Francisco. 

In 1909, upon constructing the new building to replace the one 
destroyed by the earthquake and fire of 1906, the cornerstone was laid. 
Just about every dignitary in the California Odd Fellowship, along with 
the members of San Francisco, witnessed the grand event and celebra- 
tion. The site of the cornerstone was that of the previous cornerstone. 
The contents of the copper box (the thin-lined vault) presented by 


1 16 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 





$200,000 Home Officially Begun 

d d d d d d d d d d 

Odd Fellows Place Cornerstone 


Laying of the cornerstone ceremony. Sunday, 2pm, October 1 7 th , 1 909. 

Captain J. B. Outland of Canton No. 5, Patriarchs Militant, which was 
placed in the cornerstone, contained the following: 

Constitution of the Sovereign Grand Lodge 
Constitution of the Grand Lodge of California 
Proceedings of the Grand Lodge, I.O.O.F.S of California, 1909 
Grand Masters Visitation, 1909 to 1912 

The Odd Fellows Building — 1909" 117 

)ctober 19-23, 1909 — Portola Festival celebrates the rebuilding of the city with parades and 
jstivities. Odd Fellows Building in background during construction phase. Many people enjoyed 
matching the parade from the vantage of the construction site. (Photo courtesy of DarleneThorne) 

Constitution Grand Encampment of California 
Proceedings of the Grand Encampment of California, 1908 
Proceedings of the Rebekah Assembly, 1909 
Constitution and by-laws of the San Francisco lodges 
Constitution and by-laws of the San Francisco Encampments and Re- 
bekah lodges General Relief Committee, reports and forms used by 
the Relief Committee, meetings of Excelsior Degree Lodge No. 2 
Autographs of the Directors of the Hall Association, to wit: C. E. Bene- 
dict, W. H. Blunden, C. Brind, A. H. Cousins, J. H. Cope, J. Deas, 
Geo. E. Davis, E. D. Flanders, Geo. H. Freiermuth, T. R. Morse, C. 
E. Post, A. Pauba, M. J. Plashek, Chris. Roeber, J. B. Russell, H. 
Stern, Theo. Steiner, E. Thiele, Alfred Fuhrman, C. P. Gibbons, M. 
Greenbaum, J. W. Harris, J. Hinrichs, Hermann Joost, W. C. John- 
son, Frank Krull, Jo. J. de Haven, Fred. Toklas, J. H. Thrane, E. J. 
Thayer, Jos. Winterburn, F. W. Warren, Frank D. Worth, Geo. H. 
Wilson, W. J. Wigmore, and F. L. Turpin. 

118 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

all # * 

October, 1909 Portola Festival. Rare construction 
views of Odd Fellows Building at Seventh & Market 
Streets. (Photos courtesy of John Freeman) 

Plate containing same name of the Hall Directors, 1884, taken from the 
old cornerstone Program of the day's proceedings 

San Francisco Chronicle of May 14, 1884 

Fifty Years of Odd Fellowship in California (1899), presented by Guy 
Lathrop, P. G. ('Past Grand,' a title) 

Gold dollar (from old cornerstone) presented by M. Greenbaum, P. G. 

Spanish dollar (contributor unknown) 

Souvenir badge and various coins, presented by W. A. Patterson, P. G. 

Canadian silver coin, presented by W. A. Curtis, P. G. 

Badges of the Hall Association 

The Odd Fellows Building — 1909 "119 



S. E Con. SECOND St. 

Raleton Iron Worki 

S-alli 1 


San Francisco, Cal. 3 

m m mmm haul a 

of S@s ftsiisfca 


Letter regarding the death of an iron worker, during the construction of the Odd 
Fellows Building, July 26, 1910. 

120 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 


•^W^ML, *T" 

■3ml ft^ftau^ 




Contract agreement from a building Contractor, dated June 9, 1910. 

The Odd Fellows Building — 1909 ■ 121 



[A't o, 

141 irorerVf 


d M t - .. , 

SAN FRANCISCO, CAL., June 18, 1910. 

To all Subordinate and Rebekah Lodges of the I. O. O. F., of the State of California, 

Brother W. L. Kuykendall, Grand Sire of the Sovereign Grand Lodge, is now on his way to 
California, and will be in the city of San Francisco on Monday, June 27th, 1910. The Board of 
Directors of the Odd Fellows Hall Association of San Francisco have decided to dedicate the new 
Odd Fellows Hall at Seventh and Market Streets, San Francisco, while the Grand Sire is in the City 
and have invited the Officers of the Grand Lodge to officiate in the dedicatory ceremonies which 
invitation the Grand Master has accepted, and the dedication will take place at 2 o'clock in the 

The dedication of this new temple to its noble purposes will be an 4pwh in the history of Odd 

afternoon of Monday, June 27th, 1910. 

Fellowship in California, therefore all Subordinate and Rebekah Lodges are notified of the 

The offices of the Grand Secretary and Secretary of the Rebekah Assembly are now located in 

the Odd Fellows Building. 

Fraternally yours, 


Grand Master. 

Grand Secretary. 

A letter indicating that the Grand Sire of the Sovereign Grand Lodge "will be in the city 
of San Francisco on Monday June 27 th , 1910". His honored presence was for the 
dedication ceremony of the newly rebuilt Odd Fellows Building at Seventh & Market 

122 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 


Laying gf *®e Corner Stone 

tfW Odd Fellows 



Coi. Market ««d Seveatfa Strwt* 


TlwCvrnrr Stone »ii! be put ill place by the Grand Oflkvrv 
of MM Gnjac Lodge at California 


« of SfcmJ'o 


JO. J. DsRAVEtS P t. TtTRPm 


©ffittrs of tUe SMI as 

F. 1. TORPIK, FTMidMit JO. J. DeHAVES, VksPrw. 

A. H. C0V8IKS 

)! DEAS 









io.'tTiiiirtf; of arnrngemrnts far itimsis 

filf Cornet s&tonr 

W. C. JOHNSQR, Ctautmaa 



F. L. TCRPW A. J*. BRAKD, Sec'v 


W. C. Johnson 

F. L. Turpio 

Hsy. Dr. E, B. DOle 

laptaB ot tpt CoTRn Atom B? Ow £ranb ^fitters 

lOHJf g^i-LETT 

fe«jwn« be te ©rttfert 


Program for the cornerstone ceremony held on October 17, 1909. (Cover on far left, 
inside program on right.) 

The Odd Fellows Building — 1909 ■ 123 

A.HAINES I. Si MM! Kl ll 1.1) H HAINES 


Clothing, Furnishing Goods Hats and Shoes 

1089=1091 MARKET STREET 

Bet. 6th and 7th 
sj}t ■ '<r J/ ■ '*r* ttct.irr- . / ,9( 

KJ^tyt^CLXJ CycrtXX^O sOfifr-LsfX '<JLM>Q-lf<rvJCj£*\ 
UriAyA/ ZifXAA-cLfTAfP ^L^ur-jkeyi-jh-S ^■c^ji^AuLcfr' 

-/^tr^^y ^xt-a^d ^%2&- ,.^Sy ^yzi^~c/^sy?^f yyC-^0 ^-t^vw-,*/^ 

yttA ^1^-oSy^y £ t 'J&Iclaa^cSZ ^0 x^-^^y ^6 ^- s? -— 

y)XjhK^> ~£& <&*y *CtA \.,\^Lc-A£-J *cir€Z&t sua °%*sig£^<<J~ &uuj~z,iAxi& 

One of the many tenants the Odd Fellows has had over the years. Rental contract 
dated 1912. 

124 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Program Grand Encampment, sessions at Woodland, 1909 
Copies of the San Francisco Call, Chronicle and Examiner of Au- 
gust 19, 1909 

The aforementioned items still remain in the cornerstone of the 
Odd Fellows Building as far as it is known. 

The members of the Odd Fellows not only rebuilt their home in 
San Francisco, but the decision to rebuild secured a growing future for 
the organization. The membership in California exploded from 40,974 
in 1906, to its peak, an impressive 58,882 in 1928. Once having enjoyed 
a larger membership than the Masonic Order until the late 1920s, the 
Odd Fellows fell dramatically over the next several years, allowing the 
Masons to gain the lead in terms of membership in the state. 

» U|^!£3-*^JBIps 


The new Odd Fellows building, at Seventh & Market Streets in San 
Francisco. From left to right, the photos of the building are dated — 1915, 
1 939, and 1940. 

Chapter 1 1 

The Wars 

As there were hundreds of thousands of men involved in the Civil 
War between 1861 and 1865, this Order saw many of its own 
members involved. This was a division that separated the North 
from the South, the Blue from the Gray, and inadvertently caused the 
unwanted division and fighting between members of the Odd Fellows. 
However, there were some incidences between brothers of the Order 
who recognized each other and expressed little, if any, ill will against 
their brethren on the opposing sides. There are written recordings of 
the noble deeds expressed toward members on opposing sides. But this 
being a war of universal principles, it was larger than any fraternal 

The effects of the Civil War involved the Order at what it did — and 
still does — best. In his report to the members at the sessions of the 
Grand Lodge of the United States, the Grand Sire, speaking on the sta- 
tus of money given to a fund which had been created to aid the 
impoverished in the war regions, stated the following: "It is a signifi- 
cant indication of the non-partisan spirit which pervades this great 

Many members of the Order participated in the Civil War; some 
lost their lives. In a few instances, those losses were reported during 
the Grand Lodge sessions. In the California Journal of 1865, the follow- 
ing was reported at the San Francisco Sessions: 

"On the 19 th [of] September, the Telegraph transmitted the 
melancholy announcement of the death of P. G., Charles S. Eigen- 
brodt, of the California Calvary, who was killed instantly on the 2 nd of 


126 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

September, while leading a charge under General Averill, in the 
Shenandoah Valley. P. G. Eigenbrodt was for many years an active and 
zealous working member of the R. W. Grand Lodge. In his death the 
Order has lost one of its most efficient members, whose whole life was 
a living exemplification of the principles he professed. He will be 
missed from the familiar post of his accustomed labors, to whose du- 
ties the full powers of his active mind were ever devoted. His place will 
not soon be filled to the complete standard of his moral worth." 

And finally at the conclusion of the Civil War, in his Closing Ad- 
dress of the 1865 Grand Lodge Sessions in San Francisco, Grand Master 
Charles 0. Burton stated: 

"And now that the scenes of war are passing away, in which our 
jurisdiction has felt its pangs, in the loss of several noble brothers who 
have sacrificed their lives in the defense of their country, and while we 
should be ready at all times to maintain and support our Government 
in all its trials, and should in no wise countenance or anything that is 
in opposition thereto, or screen those who have unjustly offended 
against the law of the land, leaving them to answer to the proper tri- 
bunals, I believe we can advance the principles of our Order." 

World War I and World War II saw millions of men leave to fight. 
This also meant many members of the Odd Fellows were compelled to 
join in these wars. Some members even corresponded with their lodges 
on a regular basis. Each lodge, in fact, kept blue star — and, God forbid, 
gold star — flags in the lodge rooms to represent the number of mem- 
bers fighting in the war and even those members that had died, 

An interesting fact is that the Odd Fellows in California kept 
records of all its members who served in these wars. In the appendix 
section of the 1919 Proceedings is where these names are found. Be- 
cause the list is so vast, rather than list all of those names of people who 
served, only the names of those San Franciscans who were killed, died, 
or wounded in World War I are listed. 

Killed in action: John Mounes, Franco-American Lodge No. 207, 
May 24, 1916; Karl J. Hagel, Odin Lodge No. 393, October 5, 1918. 

The Wars ■ 127 

Veteran's banner from WWI, representing the number of member 
veterans serving from Abou Ben Adhem Lodge No. I 1 2. Note the one 
gold star. 

Died of natural death: J. M. Fredline, Abou Ben Adhem Lodge No. 1 12, 
December 1, 1918; W. S. Johnson, Abou Ben Adhem Lodge No. 112, 
April 26, 1918; Ivan Bernhardt, Pacific Lodge No. 155, February 24, 
1919; George E. Roche, Fort Point Lodge No. 406, October 2, 1918; 
Frank W. Winter, Fort Point Lodge No. 406, December 2 1918. 


The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

U.S. Cruiser "San Francisco". Circa I890's. 

Transport Sherman, laden with boys from Manila, entering the San Francisco 

Wounded: John G. Teeple, Apollo Lodge No. 123, injured in knee, 
mine explosion, P. E. Moore, Parker Lodge No. 124, knee injured, recov- 
ered; Augustus L. Lawson, Alta Lodge No. 205, right arm permanently 
disabled, wounds in chest; Fred E. Seike, Fidelity Lodge No. 222, gassed, 

The Order involved itself in the war efforts in both wars. It col- 
lected taxes from lodges for support of those efforts. It recognized 

The Wars ■ 129 



f 1 

/ # tf 4M4J$L' i Wf §^' 


. .- . 


Postcards from France. Presidio Lodge No. 334 member, Fred J. Bodiken, sent several 
cards and letters while serving during WWI. 

130 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

PLOER.MEL — Vn coin du Pare du j02« d'AriiUerie Lourde 
V*f CaJSndre, idJt, Pl«t ; fmel s Morbliias 



s Corresponds^* 

/ /\« ; Y 

f< t a^i 

U. gi 

-^mJ M.,f 

t- d.^ 


i - . a*: 


Postcards from France. Presidio Lodge No. 334 member, Fred J. Bodiken, sent several 
cards and letters while serving during WWI. 

The Wars ■ 131 

those members that had fallen in war; and it paid tribute to those in- 
jured. Members of San Francisco were affected as much as any other 
city in America. 

The impact of World War II on the organization was evident. The 
Sovereign Grand Lodge did not hold a convention in 1945. In Califor- 
nia, the Grand Lodge created many committees related to the war. 
There was a committee established to urge members to purchase War 
Bonds and to give blood plasma. Another committee was put into place 
to assist with the Hospital Project for Disabled War Veterans. 

In 1945, Golden West Lodge No. 322 (San Francisco) reported its 
member Cecil M. Barnes had been killed in action in France. During 
the 1946 sessions of the Grand Lodge, Grand Secretary Frank D. Mac- 
Beth requested that all lodges report their members who had served 
and died in the war. Until then, only scattered reports of deceased mem- 
bers were reported in the lodges. Grand Lodge never received the 
requested reports. 

As late as 1948, the Grand Secretary reported the following: "I 
have suggested for the last several years that a complete list of all 
Brothers of California Lodges, who made the Supreme Sacrifice, 
should be sent to your Grand Lodge and published in our Journal. We 
have never received a full list. Again, I suggest this." Unfortunately, a 
listing of those who served, were wounded, or perished in World War II 
never materialized. Perhaps the lodges were more concerned about 
holding their membership together and concentrating on membership 
issues, given this was a pivotal time in the Order's growth and decline. 
For whatever reason, a listing was never submitted. 

After World War II, the Order saw a brief stabilization and even an 
increase in membership for 3 years in California. But this was most 
likely caused by veterans seeking camaraderie with others like them- 
selves. But the circumstances that affected the Odd Fellows' decline 2 
decades later caught up and the decline continued. 

132 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 






'^tP-TE Q& 


LYMAN M KING master 


San Francisco, Cal., September 8, 1919. 

To ail Subordinate Lodges under the Jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge, I. 0. 0. F., of the State 
of California: 

Dear Sirs and Brothers : 

The enclosed blank is to be used in making claim for dues of Brothers now in the Mili- 
tary and Naval service for the period beginning July 1, 1919, and ending September 
30, 1919. 

This claim should also include 50 cents War Assessment levied at the recent session of 
the Grand Lodge. 

Blanks for sick benefits will be furnished on application. 

All claims should be filed promptly. 

Please fill out the blanks with typewriter (if practicable) and forward to H. D. Rich- 
ardson, Grand Secretary, Seventh and Market Streets, San Francisco, in the special en- 
velope enclosed. 


Fraternally yours, 

Grand Master. 

Grand Secretary. 

H. W. BRUNK, Past Grand Master, 
H. D. RICHARDSON, Grand Secretary, 
JAS. W. HARRIS, Grand Treasurer, 
W. W. WATSON, P. G. M., 

War Relief Committee. 

Lodges were asked to make waivers for dues on members serving in war. At the same 
time, the organization levied a "50 cents War Assessment" on each member serving. 
September8, 1919. 

The Wars ■ 133 

511)? ^owrrign (grand IGnogr 


JtuVpenfcrnt ©rfcer of ©M» iFellouia 


To the Officers and Members of Grand and Subordinate Lodge 
It is not only desirable, bet important, that there be furni 
tc-rs of each Jurisdiction, from each Subord Lodge 

the .Army or Navy, also the name-, of those who dud in the sen 
with a statement of the character of the wounds, and if main 
rnatkm furnished. When this information is obtained, it is d 
number from each Jurisdiction that entered the Army or Xav 
h. -. th« i umber of those who were injured and incapacitated 

■ r both arms or limbs or eyes, and the number of 

of theii wounds. 

le Grand Mas- 
t or served in 
.ere- wounded, 
I m the infor- 

sent to the Grand 

formation can be i 
Order should and 
their I OUntry and 

Until the extent of the demand- is know 
Done at the City of Amsterdam, New 

Attest : 


Grand Secretary. 

intelligent action an 101 w n 

ork, this M day of February, 19V 



Grand Ssre 

(The (6rauh futyb, 3.<0.fl\3L of the State of California 


Odd Fellows' Building. Seventh and Market Street'-. San Francisco 

all Sub irdinate L< dges under 

Pursuant to the above request of Broth 
to be used by the Subordinate Lodges, givi 
or wounded in either the Military or Naval 

10, 1919. 



•s and 

to have this information before the Grand Secretary of the Sovereign Grand Lodge ai - 

that the -ante may be tabulated, I wilt thank the brothers for attending to this with 
elav. yours in F., L. and T., 

Grand Secretary. 

Grand Master. 

Letter from Sovereign Grand Lodge and Grand Lodge of California, requesting that all 
those lodges having members who fought in the war and were either injured or killed to 
submit each member's name. 1919. 

Chapter 12 

The End of the 

Cemeteries in 

San Francisco 

Where the membership flourished, the Odd Fellows Cemetery, 
along with every cemetery in the city, was being forced to re- 
locate. The Great Quake did not lend itself to the future of 
the cemetery. 

In the late 1890s, officials sought to free up additional land space 
in the already-growing city. In 1900, the board of supervisors prevented 
any more burials in the city. This was the beginning of a series of events 
leading to the end of cemeteries in San Francisco. 

The Great Quake only made things worse for the operators of the 
Odd Fellows Cemetery in 1906. It left many of the stones in ruins. If 

Odd Fellows Cemetery, San Francisco, 1906. Note damage to structure. 
(Courtesy of California Historical Society) 


136 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 


Odd Fellows Cemetery of San Francisco. Damage caused by 1906 
earthquake. (Courtesy of California Historical Society) 

the stones were not totally destroyed, chances were they were tilted or 
moved out of place. The monument of Samuel M. Parker, the first Grand 
Master of the Odd Fellows in California, "was shattered into a thousand 
pieces." Astonishing, the monument of Charles de Young was not af- 
fected. And, the statue of John Morse was an inch from toppling over. 

Aside from a crack in the west wing and a few urns moved out of 
position, the Odd Fellows Columbarium held up quite well. 

The cemeteries in San Francisco turned into camping grounds for 
many people that were displaced after the quake. In years to follow, the 
cemeteries slipped into an even worse despair. Youths would often van- 
dalize the graves, and looters would rob whatever could be found. This 
would be the condition of the Odd Fellows Cemetery for the remainder 
of its existence. 

Although the defunct cemeteries stood in poor condition, in the 
general election of 1914, the people voted not to remove the cemeter- 
ies, believing there was a land scheme to remove the cemeteries, as 
proposed by their beloved Mayor Rolph. And again, in 1924, after sev- 

The End of the Cemeteries in San Francisco 


Monument of Dr. John Frederick Morse. This monument, 
and the remains of Morse were moved from the Odd 
Fellows Cemetery to Mt. Olivet Cemetery in Colma in 
1 933, and rededicated on April 15, 1934. 

eral ordinances were placed into effect in 1923 by the board of supervi- 
sors, ordering the disinterment of all human remains from Calvary, 
Laurel Hill, Masonic, and the Odd Fellows cemeteries, San Francisco 
Mayor James Rolph Jr., also a member of the Odd Fellows Fidelity 
Lodge No. 222, asked the people to fight against the ordinances. The 
people voted against the removal of the graves. 

Despite the legal and political battles to keep the cemeteries in the 
city, the Odd Fellows removed what graves could be found before any 
such laws directing such were ever passed. By the mid- 1920s, the Odd 
Fellows had moved all the graves to Colma, the future site for many 

138 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 


■ 9 -5P^ WA 

r t>" 

a*£ «^ 


<"-''' \ * 

Removal of remains from Odd Fellows Cemetery in San Francisco. Nearly all of the remains at this 
point were relocated to Colma and placed in one mass grave. Circa 1930s. (Courtesy of San 
Francisco History Center, San Francisco Public Library) 

souls still lying in graves in San Francisco. The Odd Fellows moved into 
Greenlawn Cemetery. Some of the stones on graves that were still sal- 
vageable were placed in the new cemetery. If relatives or friends funded 
removal of a body and headstone, the stone was transferred, to be 
placed in a single grave with the stone being reset. If not, the headstone 
would end up being part of the breakwater in areas of the San Francisco 
Bay or used to build the seawall at the Aquatic Park. For the twenty- 
eight thousand departed, they were laid under a great monument in 
one mass grave. 

Today, this mass grave sits in a seemingly empty lot, its history or 
significance forgotten in the memories of those around during the time 
of the movement of graves. One lone monument marks the location of 
the graves, which is located in a back lot of the Greenlawn Cemetery. 
The Odd Fellows have not owned or operated a cemetery business in or 
near San Francisco since the 1920s. 

The Columbarium is the only reminder that an Odd Fellows 
Cemetery ever existed in San Francisco. The Crematory was demol- 
ished after the graves were removed. After it was transferred to the Bay 
Cities Cemetery Association in 1930, the Columbarium and the five re- 

The End of the Cemeteries in San Francisco ■ 139 

This forgotten lone monument sits near a dump behind 
the Greenlawn Cemetery in Colma. Beneath it rests the 
remains of 28,000 people that had been moved from the 
Odd Fellows Cemetery in San Francisco. Home Depot 
store is in the background. 

maining acres surrounding it were claimed under the Homestead Act. 
It was under the control of Cypress Abbey until 1980, when the Nep- 
tune Society of Northern California took it over. The Society did a 
fantastic job of rehabilitating an otherwise dilapidated and decaying 
building. Today, the San Francisco Odd Fellows and the citizens of San 
Francisco can thank the Neptune Society of Northern California for 
preserving a piece of its history. 

Chapter 13 

What Once Was . . . 

Primary Odd Fellows 

Lodges & Other Branches in 

San Francisco 

(Date Instituted & Disposition/Date) 


California Lodge No. 1 — Instituted on September 9, 1849. After consol- 
idating into Concordia Lodge No. 122 in 1966, Concordia Lodge 
No. 122 petitioned to take name of California Lodge No. 1 in 1988, 
which was approved by the Grand Lodge 

San Francisco Lodge No. 3 — Instituted on July 5, 1851. Consolidated 
into Morse Lodge No. 257 on November 8, 1918 

Harmony Lodge No. 13 — (Lodge conducted in German language) In- 
stituted on June 27, 1853. Consolidated into Concordia Lodge 
No. 122 on November 13, 1963 

Yerba Buena Lodge No. 15 — Instituted on July 7, 1853 

Templar Lodge No. 17— Instituted on October 22, 1853. Consolidated 
into Presidio Lodge No. 334 on February 1, 1916 

Magnolia Lodge No. 29— Instituted on July 12, 1854. Consolidated into 
Pacific Lodge No. 155 on July 7, 1938 

Bay City Lodge No. 71— Instituted on September 4, 1857 

Farnsworth Lodge No. 95— Instituted on September 28, 1895. Consoli- 
dated into Pacific Lodge No. 155 on June 27, 1918 

Abou Ben Adhem Lodge No. 112— Instituted on April 3, 1863. Consoli- 
dated into Yerba Buena Lodge No. 15 on October 3, 1940 


142 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Germania Lodge No. 116 — (Lodge conducted in German language) In- 
stituted on July 1, 1863. Consolidated into Harmony Lodge No. 13 
on April 9, 1918 

Concordia Lodge No. 122 — (Lodge conducted in German language) In- 
stituted on January 29, 1866. Concordia Lodge No. 122 petitioned 
to take name of California Lodge No. 1 in 1988, which was approved 
by the Grand Lodge 

Apollo Lodge No. 123— Instituted on February 24, 1866 

Parker Lodge No. 124 — Instituted on July 16, 1866. Consolidated into 
Templar Lodge No. 17 on April 6, 1903 

Spartan Lodge No. 125— Instituted on October 6, 1894. Consolidated 
into Golden Gate Lodge No. 204 November 28, 1944 

Unity Lodge No. 131 — Instituted on April 16, 1867. Consolidated into 
Golden West Lodge No. 322 on September 5, 1946 

Hermann Lodge No. 145 — (Lodge conducted in German language) In- 
stituted on July 8, 1868. Consolidated into Harmony Lodge No. 13 
on January 4, 1916 

Pacific Lodge No. 155 — Instituted on March 25, 1869. Consolidated 
into Golden West Lodge No. 322 on July 15, 1965 

Ophir Lodge No. 171 — Instituted on June 17, 1870. Consolidated into 
Templar Lodge No. 17 on April 16, 1903 

Occidental Lodge No. 179 — Instituted on September 16, 1870. Consoli- 
dated into Apollo Lodge No. 123 on September 29, 1965 

Cosmopolitan Lodge No. 194 — Instituted on December 13, 1871. Con- 
solidated into Abou Ben Adhem Lodge No. 112 on June 26, 1913 

Golden Gate Lodge No. 204— Instituted on June 28, 1872. Consoli- 
dated into Apollo Lodge No. 123 on January 16, 1963 

Alta Lodge No. 205— Instituted on June 29, 1872. Consolidated into 
Golden West Lodge No. 322 on December 9, 1971 

Franco-American Lodge No. 207 — (Lodge conducted in French lan- 
guage) Instituted on August 16, 1872. 

What Once Was ... ■ 143 

Fidelity Lodge No. 222— Instituted on September 5, 1873. Consoli- 
dated into Apollo Lodge No. 123 on January 3, 1967 

Morse Lodge No. 257— Instituted on May 7, 1877 

Western Addition Lodge No. 285— Instituted on August 20, 1879. Con- 
solidated into Occidental Lodge No. 179 on July 14, 1930 

Excelsior Lodge No. 310 — Instituted on January 7, 1884. Consolidated 
into Morse Lodge No. 257 on March 28, 1956 

Golden West Lodge No. 322— Instituted on June 4, 1885 

Presidio Lodge No. 334— Instituted on October 13, 1887. Consolidated 
into Yerba Buena Lodge No. 15 on October 3, 1940 

Sargent Lodge No. 368— Instituted on May 1, 1891. Consolidated into 
Golden Gate Lodge No. 204 on December 2, 1913 

Odin Lodge No. 393 — (Lodge conducted in Swedish language) Insti- 
tuted in April 29, 1904 

Columbus Lodge No. 394 — (Lodge conducted in Italian language) In- 
stituted on February 27, 1906. Consolidated into Golden Gate 
Lodge No. 204 on June 5, 1951 

McKinley Lodge No. 396— Instituted on July 1, 1907. Consolidated into 
Presidio Lodge No. 334 on November, 1912 

Fort Point Lodge No. 406— Instituted on January 27, 1909. Consoli- 
dated into Morse Lodge No. 257 on December 2, 1925 

Stanford Lodge No. 485— Instituted on March 30, 1933. Consolidated 
into Golden Gate Lodge No. 204 on January 5, 1937 


Golden Gate Encampment No. 1 — Instituted on February 1, 1853 

Walhalla Encampment No. 7 — (Encampment conducted in German 
language) Instituted on March 21, 1856. Consolidated into Golden 
Gate Encampment No. 1 on March 11, 1985 

144 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Wildey Encampment No. 23 — Instituted on August 1, 1863. Consoli- 
dated into Golden Gate Encampment No. 1 on January 10, 1914 

Unity Encampment No. 26 — Instituted on March 19, 1867. Consoli- 
dated into Golden Gate Encampment No. 1 on February 14, 1955 

Oriental Encampment No. 57 — Instituted on July 15, 1876. Consoli- 
dated into Golden Gate Encampment No. 1 on March 31, 1989 

Thor Encampment No. Ill — (Encampment conducted in Swedish 
language) Instituted on September 26, 1915. Consolidated into 
Oriental Encampment No. 57 on March 2, 1940 


California Rebekah Lodge No. 1 — Instituted on June 30, 1870. Consoli- 
dated into Mission Rebekah Lodge on March 31, 1976, and the new 
lodge took the name Mission — California Lodge No. 1 

Templar Rebekah Lodge No. 19— Consolidated into California Lodge 
No. Ion June 21, 1962 

Oriental Rebekah Lodge No. 90 — As of this writing, this is the only re- 
maining Rebekah Lodge in San Francisco. On May 20, 2006, the 
lodge took the name and lodge number of California Lodge No. 1. 

Walhalla Rebekah Lodge No. 130 — (Lodge conducted in German 
language) Consolidated into Mission — California Lodge No. 1 on 
November 1, 1978 

Amity Rebekah Lodge No. 161 — Consolidated into Oriental Lodge 
No. 90 on October 9, 1974 

Loyal Rebekah Lodge No. 215 — Consolidated into Mission Lodge 
No. 225 on December 3, 1975 

Mission Rebekah Lodge No. 225 — Instituted on May 1, 1897. Surren- 
dered its charter May 24, 2003 

Jubilee Rebekah Lodge No. 239— Instituted on December 18, 1909. 
Consolidated into Presidio Lodge No. 321 on December 19, 1921 

What Once Was ... ■ 145 

Freja Rebekah Lodge No. 284— (Lodge conducted in Swedish lan- 
guage) Instituted on October 18, 1905. Freja Lodge moved from 
San Francisco to the Odd Fellows/Rebekah Home in 1967 

San Francisco Rebekah Lodge No. 302— Instituted on March 11, 1908. 
Consolidated into Templar Lodge No. 19 on December 30, 1911 

Golden City Rebekah Lodge No. 304— Instituted on April 23, 1908. 
Consolidated into Oriental Lodge No. 90 on March 26, 1941 

Bay View Rebekah Lodge No. 317— Instituted on September 14, 1909. 
Consolidated into Oriental Lodge No. 90 on July 9, 1975 

Presidio Rebekah Lodge No. 321— Instituted on May 3, 1910. Consoli- 
dated into Templar Lodge No. 19 on November 20, 1914 

Of the Rebekah Lodges listed above, only Oriental Lodge No. 90 is still 
active in San Francisco. 


San Francisco Canton No. 5 — Closed 

In addition to the aforementioned lodges and encampments, 
there were other Odd Fellows entities in the city which this writer 
would be remiss not to mention. These included the Veteran Odd 
Fellows Association, San Francisco Veteran Rebekahs, Ladies Encamp- 
ment Auxiliary, Ladies Auxiliary Patriarchs Militant, San Francisco 
Theta Rho Girls Club No. 11, San Francisco Junior Lodge No. 11, and 
the Excelsior Degree Lodge No. 2. 

The Junior Lodge No. 11 was instituted on August 11, 1933, by 
the Grand Master Fred Boeken at the Odd Fellows Building at Seventh 
& Market streets in San Francisco. The Junior Lodge was opened to 
"boys between the ages of 14 and 21 years" (not necessarily the sons of 
Odd Fellows). 

The San Francisco Theta Rho Girls Club was instituted on Novem- 
ber 30, 1934, by Sister Mary R. Rewcastle, the Vice President of the 
Rebekah Assembly of California. The Club closed in the 1970s. 


The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

General Edwin Hazen Black was a 
member of Unity Lodge No. I 3 I of San 
Francisco. He was active in all branches 
of the order; also serving as the Grand 
Patriarch of the Encampment in 1882. 
Note the V.O.F. pin on his chest. 


Interior of Office of Secretary of the Rebekah Assembly. 1 899. Seventh & Market 

What Once Was . . . ■ 147 

San Francisco Junior Odd Fellows Lodge No. I I.February I I, 1937. 

San Francisco Junior Odd Fellows Lodge No. I I in 1947. Photo provided by 
longtime member Harry Platek (lower right), who is in the photo as an advisor 
to the Junior Lodge. (As of the writing, Harry Platek has more than 72 years in 
the order.) 

148 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

On September 21, 1853, the Excelsior Degree Lodge No. 2 was in- 
stituted for the purpose of conferring degrees upon the members of the 
Order. It is interesting to note that at that time, this lodge also con- 
ferred the Rebekah Degree upon brothers. As pointed out in the First 
Fifty Years Of Odd Fellowship In California, "It may readily be seen 
that the work of conferring the five degrees of the subordinate Lodge 
and the Rebekah Degree, too, gave the small band of brothers consid- 
erable work." 

The Veteran Odd Fellows' Association in San Francisco was cre- 
ated April 24, 1877. After a meeting at the office of Nathan Porter, 
which was located at northeast corner of California and Kearny streets 
where numerous Odd Fellows attended, the adoption of a constitution 
was met with overwhelming approval. 

The Veteran Odd Fellow had to be a member with at least 21 years 
in the Order, live west of the Rocky Mountains, and be a member in 
good standing in an Odd Fellows lodge. Today, this organization is but 
a faint memory due to the decline in membership. 

A. K. Kingsford was a member of Bay 
City Lodge No. 71 of San Francisco. In 
1876 he was elected as Degree Master. 
For his efforts of conferring the 
degrees on so many members of the 
order, he was presented with a 
"magnificent gold badge studded with 
diamonds and other precious stones, 
manufactured by San Francisco's 
Shreve & Company". 

What Once Was ... ■ 149 

Urtrran (§bb ifrUmua' AHBoriatum 

(§bb 3t llama' Ball, &an Jffranriurn 

Dear Brother: 

The 47fch Annual Meeting of this Association will be 
held in the Odd Fellows Building, Seventh and Market 
Streets, San Francisco, on Tuesday, May 8th, 1923, at 
3 o'clock p. m. 

The annual banquet will take place the same evening. 
You are fraternally invited to be present at these events. 

Your dues for the year are ONE DOLLAR. Please 
remit the same in the enclosed envelope, and also state 
if you can be present so that proper arrangements can 
be made. 

Any member in good standing who has belonged to 
che Order for 21 years is eligible for membership. 

The admission fee is $1.00, and dues $1.00 per year. 

If you have not the V. O. F. Badge, as per design 
above, and desire one, it can be secured from the Secre- 
tary. The price is $2.00. 

Hoping to see you present. 



V.O.F. notice. Meeting to be held at Odd Fellows Building in San Francisco. 1923 

150 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

As Friendship, Love, and Truth are principles of the Odd Fellows' 
lodges and represent three of the first four degrees of Odd Fellowship 
(an Initiatory Degree takes place prior to the First, Second, and Fourth 
Degrees), Faith, Hope, and Charity are the principles and degrees of the 
Encampment. There were additional degrees which were later com- 
pletely removed or absorbed by the current degrees. 

Years ago, after a member attained the title of Past Grand (past 
presiding officer of a lodge), he was asked to join an Encampment. 
Today, all members who have received the Third Degree, or the Degree 
of Truth, are eligible to join the Encampment. It is a level of Odd Fel- 
lowship where one can attain not only additional degrees, but also 
enjoy a fraternal embrace by those seeking principles that embody the 
strength of those committed to prolonging and enjoying all that the 
Order has to offer. 

"There is no authentic record of the origin of the first Encamp- 
ment Degree." It has been written the degree was brought from 
England. Most likely, as stated above, the Encampment was created to 
allow the teachings of other principles. 

The Encampment is best described as follows: " . . . the Encamp- 
ment branch is to the Order at large what the colleges are to the 
common schools of our land. The importance of attaining the Encamp- 
ment degrees should be evident to every member who is desirous of 
standing upon the highest plane of American Odd Fellowship." 

Past Grand Patriarchs, Sonora, California. Several of the members in this photograph are from San 
Francisco. Note standing 9 th from the left is James W. Harris, Grand Treasurer of the Grand Lodge. 
Second from right isW H. Barnes, Grand Scribe of the Grand Encampment, considered by many 
members from this era to be the greatest Odd Fellow. Photography by R. F. Sanford. Circa 
October, 1912. 

What Once Was. . . ■ 151 

The Patriarchs Militant (PM) of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows is a semi-military uniformed branch comprised of Odd Fellows 
who seek to achieve the highest degree attainable in Odd Fellowship. 
The principle is based on Justitia Universalis (Universal Justice). San 
Francisco Canton No. 5 was the local unit for the Patriarchs Militant. 
There are many reasons this degree, or level, of the Odd Fellows was 
created. But nonetheless, it was adopted on September 24, 1885, with- 
out any objections. 

The Patriarch's Militant branch of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows has only one degree. The degree is primarily based upon the 
story of the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah and saving Abraham's 
nephew, Lot. Again, this degree teaches the principle of universal justice. 

This newly dedicated branch of the Order was headed up by the 
John C. Underwood, past governor of Kentucky. His title became "Gen- 
eral," and he was appointed first Supreme Commander. "The Degree is 
purely military and for display purposes." The PM enjoyed its own corps 
of musicians, with a tambour corps, and would usually march together 
during parades. 

Prior to the acceptance of the Patriarchs Militant Degree in 1885, 
there was a uniformed branch in California, which had also been 

General A. R. Stocker, Commanding 
Patriarch Militant, Canton Lodge 

152 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Major General J. K. Ritter, Commanding 
Department of California, Patriarchs 
Militant (I.O.O.F.). 

approved by Sovereign Grand Lodge. In 1872, the Patriarchs of Califor- 
nia was organized. Their members were comprised of members of the 
Encampments — another level of Odd Fellowship. The first Battalion 
was the Golden Gate Battalion, located in San Francisco. The Battalion 
first performed in Vallejo during a session of the Grand Lodge of Cali- 
fornia. The practice of uniform drills spread to many areas throughout 
the state, wherever Odd Fellows could be found. It eventually evolved 
into what is called the Patriarchs Militant Degree of the Independent 
Order Of Odd Fellows. In 1886, California officially saw its command of 
the PM. From its early days in San Francisco, it had grown to "over 
1800 members by 1915." 

During the Panama Pacific International Exposition of 1915 in 
San Francisco, specifically on September 22, thousands of Odd Fellows 
and Rebekahs marched in the parade to the California Building. On the 
same day, a review of the Patriarchs Militant Army was held at the Ma- 
rina. A competition of the various Cantons was held in the Civic 
Auditorium on Grove and Larkin streets. 

Today, the Patriarchs Militant branch still exists, but no longer in 
San Francisco. There is also the Ladies Auxiliary Patriarchs Militant 
faction which is just as active. The members still wear full uniforms and 
perform in ceremonial functions of the Order. Although it is not 

What Once Was 


Odd Fellows Canton No. 5 marching band. 

Early image of Patriarch's Militant, San Francisco. (Photo courtesy of John Freeman) 

1 54 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 


The Rebekahs, near Seventh & Mission Streets (outside of what is now the Appeals 

San Francisco Drill Corps of Ladies' Auxiliary (I.O.O.F.). 

What Once Was .. . ■ 155 

required to have military experience to join the PM, it is an accepted 
practice for members to wear and display military ribbons of the U.S. 
Armed Service which they had earned while serving in the Armed 
Forces. The PM has the honor of placing a wreath on the Tomb Of The 
Unknown Soldier each year in Arlington, Virginia, a right granted sev- 
eral decades ago. As in the past, its members strive to compete in drill 
and become proficient in the manual of the sword. Even this writer has 
been impressed by the level of commitment and attention that has been 
placed on the manual of the sword. 

June 30, 1870, with the institution of California Rebekah Lodge 
No. 1 marked the establishment of the Rebekah Assembly, the sister or- 
ganization of the Odd Fellows, in the state of California. 

On Tuesday, May 12, 1891, the Rebekahs elected San Franciscan 
Mary T. Lyon as their first President in California during their first ses- 
sion of the Degree of Rebekah State Convention. The session was held 
in the Odd Fellows Building at Seventh and Market streets. This was 
the first step in establishing the Rebekahs as a significant and impor- 
tant body to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in California. 

Sister Lyon presided for 4 days until a new President was elected 
and installed on Friday, May 15, 1891. At the time of the session, she 
was the wife of the Odd Fellows Grand Lodge Secretary Walter B. Lyon 
(he died 11/4/1893), who most likely gave her some advanced insight 
as to how a session should be conducted with relationship to the Grand 
Lodge. Her home Rebekah Lodge was Templar No. 19. 

On May 26, 1924, Mary T. Lyon, the first President of the Rebekah 
Assembly in California, passed away in San Francisco. She was eighty- 
four years of age. 

The Rebekahs' crowning achievement was the creation of the Or- 
phans' Home in the late 1800s at Gilroy, California. In 1896, the Grand 
Lodge of California granted the Rebekahs authority to establish an Or- 
phans' Home for children of Odd Fellows that had their lost parents. A 
dedication of the Orphans' Home was held on October 10, 1897. 

Today, the home no longer bears the name "Orphans' Home," but 
is known as "Children's Services" and is one of the nation's foremost 
institutions offering an array of outreach programs. The Odd Fellows 
and Rebekahs are proud of this facility. 

156 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Sfbfkah InnijrB 

California Reb. Ix>dge, No. 1 


1638 Eddy Street 

Templar Reb. Lodge, No. 19 

1254 Market Street 

Oriental Reb. Lodge, No. 90 

2121 Market Street 

Walhalla Reb. Lodge, No. 130 

31. ®. <§. 3F. Btrfaorg 

0an SfranriBro. (Bat. 

210 Golden Gate Avenue 

(Sranb Unhgp. 3. ©.«.». 

Amity Reb. Lodge, No. 161 

H. D. Richardson Grand Secretary 

1254 Market Street 

Grant Buildmj, San Franciaco 

Loyal Reb. Lodge, No. 215 

2174 Market Street 

(Sranb Enramjnnrnl 

1 W. H. Barnes Grand Scribe 

1999 Peat St.. Sa«Franci>eo 

Mission Reb. Lodge, No. 225 
Schuberts Hall, 16th and Mission 

Erbrhalj Assfttiblg 

i Mary E. DonoHo. Secretary 

Jubilee Reb. Lodge, No. 239 

Grant Building, San Francaco 

431 Duboce Avenue 

». JT. »f lit* atommittrr 

Freja Reb. Lodge, No. 284 

2174 Market Street 

1254 Market Street 

1 Meets every Sunday at 10 a. M. 

A. M. Brand, Secretary 

San Francisco Reb. Lodge, No. 302 

Extplainr Srgrfp Cahgr 

159 Church Street 

222 Van Ness Avenue 
Meets Second and Fourth 

Golden City Reb. Lodge, No. 304 

Saturday Evening 

2174 Market Street 

&utiurbittafa> iCnbgra 
California Lodge, No. 1 

1234 Market Street 

San Francisco Lodge, No. 3 

2«j Van NVss Avenue 

ha^.i.onv Lodge, Xo. 13 

223 Van Ness Avenue 

Verba Buena JLodge, Xo. 15 

1254 Market Street 

Templar Lodge, Xo. 17 

134 Fulton Street 

Magnolia Lodge, Xo. 29 
1254 Market Street 

Bay City Lodge, Xo. 71 

408 Van Ness Avenue 

Farnsworth Lodge, No. 95 

1254 Market Street 

Abou Ben Adhem Lodge, No. 115 

222 Van Ness Avenue 

Germania Lodge, No. 116 
222 Van Ness Avenue 

Concordia Lodge, No. 122 

Geary and Steiner Streets 
Apollo Lodge, No. 123 

431 Duboce Avenue 

Unity Lodge, Xo. 131 
Schubert's Hall. 16th ar.d Mission 
Hermann Lodge, No. 145 

2121 Market Street 

Pacific Lodge, No. 155 

321 Devisadero Street 

Occidental Lodge, Xo. 179 

1254 Market Street 

Cosmopolitan Lodge, Xo. 194 

3345 Seventeenth Street 

Golden Gate Lodge, No. 204 

1264 Market Street 

fcubiTrMnatf CubgfH 

Alta Lodge, Xo. 205 

1254 Market Street 

Franco-American Lodge, No. 207 

240 Golden Gate Ave. 

Fidelity Lodge, No. 222 

1254 Market Street 

Morse Lodge, Xo. 257 

1254 Market Street 

Western Addition Lodge, Xo. 285 

1254 Market Street 

Excelsior Lodge, No. 310 
2337 Mission Street 

Presidio Lodge, Xo. 334 

134 Pulton Street 
Sargent Lodge, Xo. 368 

1254 Market Street 

Odin Lodge, Xo. 393 

2174 Market Street 

Columbus Lodge. No. 394 

1524 Powell Street 

McKinlcy Lodge. No. 396 

240 Golden Gate Avenue 


Golden Gate Encampment, No. 1 

1254 Market Street 

San Francisco Canton, .Xo. 5 

1254 Market Street 

Walhalla Encampment, No. 7 

1254 Market Street 
Wildey Encampment, No. 23 

1254 Market Street 

Unity Encampment, No. 26 

1254 Market Street 

Oriental Encampment. No. 57 

1254 Market Street 

Listing of lodges in San Francisco, along with Committee 
assignments (cover on left, and inside on right). 

What Once Was .. . ■ 157 

MaryT. Lyon, President Rebekah 
Assembly, 1891 (First President). 





Group of "Modern Rebekahs", Mission Rebekah Lodge No. 225 in 1899. 

158 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Adele Stockwell. President of the 
Rebekah Assembly in 1915. 

I.O.O.F. Orphan's Home in Gilroy, California, at the turn of the century. 

What Once Was . . . 



£ i. (Z. 

i o(V-**W. 

Front and back of a postcard sent to Presidio Lodge No. 334, from a San Francisco 
member visiting another state. 

Chapter 14 

The Quotes 

"From personal observation I know this is the fact the City of 
San Francisco is relieving distressed Odd Fellows, furnishing employ- 
ment for many, is examining every case with care that the funds of 
the lodges might judiciously be expended. " 

Samuel Hale Parker 

"Under the most benignant reign of benefits and favors our 
Order has been gradually and judiciously extending itself throughout 
the state — our principles and precepts have been rapidly diffusing 
themselves amongst the masses of society, and our altar-fires, wher- 
ever enkindled, have burned with a warmth and brightness that gave 
the world assurance of an elevated and glorious philanthropy. " 

Dr. John Frederick Morse 

"During the past year the Angel of Death has been busy in our 
ranks, and some of our noblest members have been stricken down in 
the pride and vigor of manhood. " 

James A. Bohen 

Grand Master Bohen was reporting on the deaths of various mem- 
bers, including this one of Los Angeles Lodge No. 35. Member H. R. 
Myles, a Past Grand, had been killed in a steam boiler explosion on the 
tugboat Ada Hancock in the Bay of San Pedro. 

"We may restrain our desires, but cannot very easily change our 
nature; and I, like all other mortals, am not exempt from the com- 
mon 'ills the flesh is heir to. ' It is natural for a man to be pleased with 
the applause of his fellow men, and although he is always conscious 


162 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

James A.J. Bohen, the Tenth Grand 
Master of California in 1 862, was also a 
member ofYerba Buena Lodge No. 15. 
He died of a sudden illness at the age 
of 38. Hardly able to speak above a 
whisper, on his death bed, he uttered 
these words;"l exhort you, brothers, in 
your daily works of life to exemplify 
the beauties of Odd Fellowship — to 
live moral and religious lives — to be 
charitable, to be generous, to be just." 

of his mortality, and knows full well that he, together with all things, 
must soon pass into oblivion, yet there is still left a longing desire to 
write his name upon tablets which will endure longer than his mortal 
frame; he clings to life and memory, and cannot bear to perish from 
the minds of men and be forgotten. " 

James A. Bohen 

The Grand Master's response upon receiving special recognition 
from Past Grand Master John Frederick Morse, on May 9, 1863. 

"Although we have escaped the horrors of war in our midst, we 
have had to struggle very frequently with that terrible enemy — fire. " 

David Kendall 

Grand Master David Kendall, in his annual report of 1864, indicat- 
ing that the Civil War has not pierced the integrity of the state, but 
rather that fire has been a worse "enemy." 

"We all well know the policy to minimize the loss of life at this 
time, to keep no record of deaths but those where there was some pos- 
sibility of identification; but it is useless to conceal the truth, for the 

The Quotes ■ 163 

historians, who in after years write an authentic account of the 
'earthquake and fire of 1906, ' will place a figure far and beyond those 
given to the world today. How many poor souls were lost in that awful 
holocaust will never be known. Perhaps it is well it is so. " 

William Wyler Phelps 

"This war presents to Odd Fellowship a greater opportunity than 
ever before to prove its value to humanity. The very existence of civi- 
lization, human liberty, and democracy are threatened. Women and 
little children are dying by thousands in Europe and Asia from starva- 
tion and other causes brought on by this war. " 

Frank C. Goudy, Grand Sire 

"More than two million of our boys were either engaged in ac- 
tive battle on the bloody fields of France, or were in training. But, 
while the war clouds were hanging low and the hearts and minds of 
men were keenly anxious that the tremendous struggle going on 
should soon cease, while the whole world seemed disturbed and some- 
what apprehensive as to the future, the principles of our beloved 
Order shone forth with an ever-increasing lustre. " World War I 

Hugh W Brunk 

"One year ago today, amid a war-torn world, with victory in 
sight but not yet achieved, when all attention was directed toward 
Allied Nations Peace Conference in the City of San Francisco, who 
were laying the foundation of a hoped for — everlasting peace — a 
limited session of the Grand Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows of California was called to order in San Francisco to lay plans 
for a better fraternal world. " 

Harry B. Dahlem 

"We speak of him as dead because we hear his voice no more. We 
tell our friends he died in the city of San Francisco, November 29, 
1943, and was buried by the officers of this Grand Lodge. But in a 
very true sense, James W. Harris is not dead. " 

Eldred Charles, Past Grand Master 

James W. Harris was born in Pictou County, Nova Scotia, on 
December 29, 1854. At the age of 17, he traveled to the United States, 

164 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

residing in Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and Illinois. He returned to 
Nova Scotia in December of 1874 and joined the Odd Fellows. In 1875, 
he moved to San Francisco, California, transferring his membership in 
the Odd Fellows to Alta Lodge No. 205, later joining Templar Lodge No. 17. 
After additional traveling throughout the state, he finally returned to 
San Francisco and took a more committed role in the Order. He rose 
through the chairs quickly, eventually becoming a Degree Master, then 
a District Deputy Grand Master. He joined the Encampment branch 
(Oriental Encampment No. 56), also remaining equally active, rising to 
the office of Grand Patriarch in California. In 1888, Harris was elected 
Grand Treasurer of the Grand Lodge of California. He was also a mem- 
ber of the Patriarchs Militant. He was described in the following: "He 
is a man of strong individuality, extremely practical, a thorough judge, 
of width, breadth, and thickness, quiet and dignified in his bearing; an 
excellent judge of men. Brother Harris has a host of friends. As a 
speaker he is terse, going directly to the point; expressing himself 
clearly, logically and with force." He also served as Chairman of the 
Special Relief Committee to oversee the needs of the lodges after the 
heavy damage and toll cause by the 1906 earthquake and fire. He re- 
mained Grand Treasurer until his death in 1943. Harris died at 88 years 
11 months of age. He was active in all branches of the Order. 

James W. Harris served as Grand 
Treasurer for California for 55 years, 
until his death. 

The Quotes ■ 165 

During the research of this book, James W. Harris was chosen ran- 
domly as a study subject. Not only were multiple photos of him 
available, but various references were made of him in the journals of 
Odd Fellowship. There were scores of members of this organization 
that could have been chosen as focal points, as all have unique and in- 
teresting histories. In this regard, this project has not been an 
exhaustive research. There are so many stories, events, and individuals 
that the direction could have been different and voluminous. However, 
one fact did repeat itself time and time again — that Odd Fellowship was 
the strongest, largest, and most influential fraternal organization in 
California until the late 1920s. 

"I turned to take a last look at those faces on the wall, our Past 
Grand Masters and Past Grand Patriarchs. Truly it was a sad parting: 
hardly one among them whom I had not personally known, many of 
them had for years been warm personal friends, and it was a sad, sad 
parting indeed. As I left the room for what was to be the last time, I 
turned to say Good Bye to my predecessors, T. Rodgers Johnson and 
Walter B. Lyon, and then passing out of the door, a final look at our 
Grand Master, Samuel H. Parker, whose cheerful smile seemed to say, 
'God reigns and all is well. '" 

George T. Shaw 

In his 1906 report, George T. Shaw, the Grand Secretary, describ- 
ing his last trip into the Odd Fellows Building to retrieve what he could 
from the Grand Lodge office after the San Francisco earthquake and 
fire. He died only 7 weeks later. 

166 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

An 1 899 photo of the Grand Secretary's office, located at Seventh & Market Streets. Note the portraits 
of all the Past Grand Masters. Standing to the right is the Grand Secretary, George Thomas Shaw. 

Chapter 15 

The Progression- 
Then and Now 

The social dynamic of the organization changed as well. When, 
until 1971, an applicant was required to be a male "of white 
blood," today everyone is welcome. There is no gender or race 
barrier. In fact, women have played a big role in promoting the growth 
of the Order in recent years. People of every background are seen in the 
lodge room. It should be pointed out that most organizations set the 
same criteria and standards for admitting applicants. But not all have 
changed in order to open their doors to everyone. Because San Fran- 
cisco is generally accepted as being more progressive, it is no wonder 
why changes are more easily noticeable in this city. Discrimination 
would not follow the principles of the Odd Fellows. 

As noted, one of the Order's previous prerequisites for member- 
ship would require an applicant to be a male of "white blood." It is 
ironic, given at that period of time up to the 1960s, the reference of 
"white blood" would have also excluded people of Italian decent, be- 
cause of the commonality of this group traditionally being associated 
with the Catholic faith. Catholics were commonly kept out of the Order 
in rural areas. 

Catholics were prevented from joining many organizations. 
Seemingly, San Francisco Odd Fellowship has always been on the cut- 
ting edge of progressivism, allowing "foreigners" to pervade its 
fraternal ranks. Columbus Lodge No. 394 was instituted February 27, 
1906, in San Francisco. Thirty-one Italian Americans were initiated to 
form the new Italian-speaking lodge. The following residents of San 
Francisco are listed as charter members: Cyril Alexander Guglielmoni 


168 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

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A membership application toAlta Lodge No. 205, submitted by George Washington Ross 
in 1943. Notice one of the requirements for membership:"! am of full white blood" 
(A physician's certificate included in the application was required for all applicants). 

(the lodge's first representative to Grand Lodge in 1907), Luigi 
Guinasso, Frederick Figoni, Stephen J. Rossi, Frank Sperlari, John Fis- 
calini, Eduardo Effisimo, Joseph Palmieri, Angelo Devencenzi, Erennio 
Melogli, Joseph Figone, Angelo Lagomarsino, Pietro Ramazini, Angelo 
Ramazini, Angelo Moreschi, Paul Arata, Guiseppe Frediana, Arturo 
Biaga, Giovanni Farrari, Andrea Simoni, Felice Chifenti, Guiseppe Pel- 
legrini, Giovani Gambarini, Marco Stassi, Andre Ferrari, Niclas Grilich, 
Antonio D'Andrea, John Ferrari, Luigi Chaippe, Armanini, Rocci Mat- 
teucci, and Louis Ferrari. 

By the 1920s, the Columbus Lodge reached a membership of over 
three hundred. However, with the overall decline in Odd Fellowship, by 
1949, the Columbus Lodge membership had slipped to just twenty-one 
members. The lodge met at Seventh & Market streets until June 5, 
1951, when it gave up its charter. 

The Progression — Then and Now" 169 

Franco-American Lodge No. 207, a French-speaking lodge, was 
instituted August 16, 1872. Today, this lodge is still active — and con- 
tinues to conduct its meeting in French. Its charter members included: 
Phillippi Theas (the lodge's first Noble Grand and first representative 
to Grand Lodge in 1873), Meyer Ruef, Auguste Derre, Norbert Landry, 
Joseph Lenormand, Francois Paul Masson, Henri Latroadee, Auguste 
Casamajon, Eugene Robinet, Emile Henri Cardinet, Guiseppe Cade- 
nasso, Jean Renault, Victor J. LeBert, and Orsein Lemaitre. 

In the year 2000, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in Amer- 
ica allowed women into its ranks. It is noted this organization was not 
forced to accept women, but did so to take advantage of an opportunity 
to create new growth and keep in step with a modern society. In the 
past few years, women have added greatly to the Order. By 2007, of the 
eight Odd Fellows lodges in San Francisco, Yerba Buena Lodge No. 15, 
Bay City Lodge No. 71, Apollo Lodge No. 123, and Golden West Lodge 
No. 322 will have had women as presiding officers (Noble Grands). All 
eight lodges have seen success because of the disappearance of the gen- 
der barrier. 

Today, the Rebekahs confer the Rebekah Degree upon their mem- 
bers. Men have always been allowed to receive the Rebekah Degree since 
its inception. However, these men were required to first become mem- 
bers of an Odd Fellows lodge. Rebekahs, in the beginning, were wives of 
Odd Fellows. The Rebekah membership was then opened to the daugh- 
ters of Odd Fellows. Not any woman could join! As the years passed, the 
rules were relaxed and most women were allowed to apply for member- 
ship in the Rebekahs. Still, Odd Fellows could join the Rebekah Lodge, 
but women were not allowed to join the lodges of the men. 

In the early days, even until the 1960s, there were some churches 
that opposed the Odd Fellows because they thought the organization 
was undermining the church, trying to usurp its authority. However, 
this was — and still is — not correct. It is not a religious institution, nor 
has it ever claimed to be. Its principles of Friendship, Love, and Truth 
are based on Christianity ideals because the predominate and "accepted" 
institution in America at the time Odd Fellows' degrees were created was 
Christianity. The members of that period identified with this faith. 

1 70 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Today, we find members of all faiths: Muslim, Christian, Jewish, 
Buddhist, etc. The Order does not take the place of any person's religion, 
nor does it seek to religiously satisfy a person's needs. One does not need 
to be religious to become an Odd Fellow. But a person with religious 
ideals in his heart and mind may fit that character of an Odd Fellow. 

The main tenet of Odd Fellowship is to "relieve the distressed, 
bury the dead, and educate the orphan." Of course, the Order must 
adapt in today's ever evolving society. How many fraternal organiza- 
tions can actually afford to bury all of their deceased members? The 
costs of burials are expensive. The closest thing to an "orphans' home" 
is the Rebekah Children's Services in Gilroy, California. This is 75 miles 
south of San Francisco. To relieve the distressed seems to be all that 
lodges can do to meet their goals. 

In recent years, the Order has defined itself, "to improve the char- 
acter of mankind' by employing its main principles of Friendship, 
Love, and Truth. Today, the Order struggles to answer the this ques- 
tion: Can an organization continue when all it has to offer is 
Friendship, Love, and Truth? Most lodges have very little assets to make 
an impact in one geographical location. Also, with so few members, 
what message may be sent to any given community? To survive, the 
Odd Fellows must show to the world it can "improve the character of 
mankind through friendship, love, and truth." 

The Odd Fellows organization grew for years after the 1906 disas- 
ter; however, the Order was not immune to the affects of the economic 
turmoil that fell upon the nation in the late 1920s. The Great Depres- 
sion hit the Odd Fellows every bit as hard as it did the country. 

As the depression worsened, membership plummeted. In 1928, 
the membership reached its height of 58,882. In 1932, the member- 
ship had declined to 41,926. Of course, people chose to eat and use 
every means possible to support their families as opposed to giving up 
valuable dollars for dues in the Odd Fellows, or any organization for 
that matter. 

President Roosevelt's New Deal changed the way Americans would 
sustain themselves in future years. His administration created Social 
Security benefits to aid disabled, elderly, and other needy persons. The 

The Progression — Then and Now* 171 

altering of roles in who or what entity provided the social benefits 
greatly affected the need of a beneficial society like the Odd Fellows. It 
is ironic a member of the Odd Fellows would be the instrument in pro- 
viding assistance to an entire country. 

It was in line with those teachings of the Odd Fellows that Presi- 
dent Roosevelt sought to relieve those in distress. In a letter to the 
members of the Odd Fellows, dated February 26, 1936, he stated, "We 
have incorporated in our good works, education, establishment of 
homes for the aged, the indigent, the widow and the orphan, so that it 
is our proud boast that every Grand Lodge in the United States has one 
or more of these institutions or has taken steps toward their establish- 
ment." It was no wonder this country saw those policies so closely 
aligned with the principles of Odd Fellowship within the New Deal once 
he took the presidency. 

Social programs were established on a federal level, thus affecting 
some of the social organizations like the Odd Fellows. Membership 
continued to fall. In 1939, the membership in the state of California 
had plummeted to 28,302. The Order had lost over twenty thousand 
members in 10 short years. With World War II, there was a very slight 
increase in membership, and it is assumed during those years that vet- 
erans sought a continued brotherhood and shared companionship 
upon completion of their service. 

Another one of the most damaging changes to the I.O.O.F. oc- 
curred in 1925. After years of promoting a stipulated sick benefit — at 
one time the Order's most "distinguishing characteristic" — the Sover- 
eign Grand Lodge eliminated the compulsory requirement that 
subordinate lodges pay sick benefits. The reason behind this pivotal de- 
cision was the mannerism in which sick benefits were being paid; it had 
devolved incidences of less frequent payments, non-consistent pay- 
ments, and a lack of desire by many lodges to pay such benefits. Thus, 
an added factor to the decline of membership occurred. Three years 
later, the Odd Fellows would feel the affects and membership would slip 
decade after decade. 

From 1947, and every year thereafter, and for the next half a cen- 
tury, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in California would see a 

1 72 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

••• The German General Benevolent Society ... 


German |)o8pital 



360 Geary Btreet Cor. Fourteenth and Noe Sts. 

Tkusphohs Main 1567 Tblbphoh* Warn aw 

H. C. JORDAN, General Agent F. ROSENBAUM, Superintendent 


UK. E FEHLEISKX, General Surgery 
DR. R. W. BATJM, Internal Uisea 


I?. HEN'BV KRHCTZM A XX. Gynecologist 
DRESEL, Eye, Ear, Throat ami Nose 





UR. CIIAS. O. ROESE, and thn 



No hospital on the Pacific ('oast c 
environment, it is situated ou sloping 
lawns, and an abundance of flower beds 
hospital. The very aspect of 

Notwithstanding the fact 

vie with the German in beauty and healthfulness of location and 
outtd in the sunny, fog-free part of the city. Stately trees, grassy 
r beds lend the place more the air of a luxurious country home than of a city- 
place is soothing am! reassuring, 
t the hospital in its present condition successfully competes with any simi 

institution on the Coast, the German General Benevolent Society, in its progressive endeavors, has 
resolved to erect on its present beautiful grounds, a more spacious and absolutely modern hospital, to meet 
ttie constantly increasing demands of its numerous patrons. The probable cost of the new building alone has 
been estimated at t'.J50,U00. 

Physicians may attend their own cases without apprehension or interference, as no one entering the hos- 
pital as the private patient of any physieiau can become a hospital patient during his or her sojourn there. 


Reduced Rates have been Established and Operations are Free of Charge 

The Hospital can easily be reached by the Castro and Haight Street cars 
and by the Fillmore Street Line 

An 1899 ad depicting the German Hospital on 360 Geary Street. Notice at the bottom 
of the ad; the rates for Odd Fellows have been reduced. 

The Progression — Then and Now ■ 1 73 

decline. By the end of 2005, membership had reached a low not seen 
since 1862, of 5,680. But, there has been a resurgence and brief stabi- 
lization recently. 

San Francisco lodges still boast the largest Odd Fellows lodges in 
the world. Since 1849, the Order has persevered in San Francisco. How 
many organizations can say they have been around in one city for such 
a long duration? Not many! 

It should also be pointed out that the decline in membership is 
not due to the ideological or the philosophical principles that still de- 
fine the organization, but rather, the changing of governmental laws 
preventing members to benefit by their own nonprofit organizations. 

Whereas the Odd Fellows was once a beneficial society, assisting 
and aiding one another exclusively, its members may no longer receive 

xa ^ 




l 9 


ODD FELLOWS LODGES, ENCAMPMENTS, or individual members 
furnished with fall or single sets 

or other articles used In the Fraternity, at PRICKS MUCH LOWER than 
can possibly be afforded by any other House, and cheaper than can be imported 
from the East, As wedo our own manufacturing y and are » >/ cbtiipeJUed to />".>/ 
a profit to others. 

Masonic, Sons of Temperance, and all other Societies, furnished with 
Regalia, Ac. 

Military Goods, Gold and Silver embroidery, Flags, Banners, &c., a1 REDUCED 
FRIGES. Dress Trimmings, Hosiery, Ladies' Under Linen, Childrens' 
Clothing, and every description of Goods for Ladies' and Child- 
ren*' use. 9&*Ali orders promptly attended toand guar- 
anteed to give satisfaction. 


No. 144 Sacramento, above Montgomery Street. San Francisco. 

An ad for Odd Fellow Daniel Norcross' business, circa I860's. 

1 74 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 



iu s q;tli;t, painters, € ostumcs, iUiltfari} (hnkoibmi (! : tc, 



*SST Regalia for Lodges and Encampment; Jewels, Seaits, Masonic and Odd FeHow' Books, together with a 

general assortment of I'. U.'i£R, Purple, Royal Arch and other Regalia, embroidered 

in a superior style, at Eastern prices. 

An advertisement for theT. Rodgers Johnson business from the 1850's. Business was at 
the Odd Fellows Building on Montgomery Street. T. Rodgers Johnson was a member of 
San Francisco Lodge No. 3, and served as the order's first Grand Secretary from 1853 
until 1875 — a year before his death. His last words being: "Oh, how pleasant." 

such personal benefits. Changing from a beneficial society on a nation- 
wide level has caused a need for the Odd Fellows to redefine itself. For 
the past several decades, the Order has been searching for its identity 
and its reason for being. It has embraced many programs, from the 
Arthritis Foundation, Visual Research Foundation (John Hopkins Uni- 
versity), United Nations Pilgrimage for Youth Program, to placing a 
float in the annual Rose Parade in Pasadena, and supporting the 
I.O.O.F. S.O.S. Children's Village in Cambodia. 

Finding the one program that all of the members will accept and 
embrace has been challenging. However, the evidence still proves the 
Odd Fellows are doing a wealth of good in every locality, including San 
Francisco, in which they reside. 

In 2007, the Odd Fellows in San Francisco are proud to hold the 
distinction of having the largest contingency of members throughout 
the world. There are nearly one thousand members belonging to lodges 
within the city. In recent years, there has been a resurgence in mem- 
bership as well. Some of the contributing factors may be the less 
conservative approach to attracting members. Activities have changed. 
Lodges in the city tend to have golf tournaments, art shows, overnight 
tours, and trips to parks, museums, and much, much more. However, 
if the Order is to survive, it must learn to adapt and integrate within its 
constantly changing communities, reflecting the social norms of sur- 

The Progression — Then and Now ■ 1 75 

J. PORCHER, Hatter 


:.\ %. 

l\m Market Street 


Patronize Tenants in Building 

Ad from the 1899 Fifty Years of Odd Fellowship in the 
California book, depicting the J. Porcher Hatter 
business at the Odd Fellows building. 

roundings. In other words, it should keep evolving, reeducating its 
membership, and not become recalcitrant. 

Segments of the Order in certain geographical — or isolated 
areas — regions remain archaic or outdated and have not evolved to- 
ward modernization. Some are not yet "politically correct" and have 
not yet embraced acceptable social norms. But changes are occurring. 
In San Francisco, the Odd Fellows, have progressed and reached so- 
cially accepted standards. 

The historical aspect of the organization and how it relates to the 
growth of San Francisco is significant. The most prominent members 

176 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

of society, as well as the average person, made up the membership. This 
was not an elitist society, but a group of individuals truly believing in 
the concept of its principles: "Friendship, Love, and Truth." These were 
San Franciscans! These were members whose characters added to the 
rich culture this city now enjoys. The Odd Fellows were there when 
gold was to be found, when railroads were to be built, when buildings 
were to be constructed, when final resting places needed to be made, 
when libraries were needed, when people needed relief from disaster, 
when wars were fought, when jobs were in demand, and when grand 
affairs and expositions needed participants to promote the growth of 
the city. In a sense, San Francisco owes its successes and its expansion 
to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 


'San Francisco Spirit of Odd Fellowship #1" 


The Progression — Then and Now ■ 1 77 

Since 1849, the Odd Fellows have made San Francisco its home. 
It has faced tough decisions and even tragedy, but the Order still has a 
presence in the City-by-the-Bay. In the future, what becomes of the Odd 
Fellows organization is anyone's guess. But, the history left behind by 
this fraternity has been significant to San Francisco. 

'San Francisco Spirit of Odd Fellowship #2" 


Barnes, William H. 1915 Official Souvenir Programme. San Francisco: 
Marshall Press, 516 Mission Street, San Francisco, 1915. 

Bronson, William. The Earth Shook, The Sky Burned. New York: 
Doubleday, 1959. 

Christy, Frank S. California Odd Fellowship. 1849-1988 Early History 
of Odd Fellowship In California. CA: Linden Publications, 1988. 

Close, Barbara Rose. San Francisco California I.O.O.F. Crematory 
Records. Oakland, California: California Genealogical Society, 2001. 

Cremation. Odd Fellows' Cemetery Association. San Francisco, CA: Joseph 
Winterburn & Company, Printers and Electrotypers, 417 Clay Street, 
San Francisco, 1899. 

Executive Committee Golden Jubilee Celebration, I.O.O.F. of California. 
Fifty Years of Odd Fellowship in California. San Francisco: H. S. Crocker 
Company, 1899. 

Hascall, Lee Chaflin. Official History of Odd Fellowship: The Three-Link 
Fraternity. Edited by Henry Leonard Stillson (revised). Boston, Mass.: 
The Fraternity Publishing Company, 1910. 

Hewins, Caroline Maria. Boys and Girls' Reading. Library Journal, 
1982: 182. 

Johnson, Kenneth M. San Francisco As It Is. Georgetown, California: 
The Talisman Press, 1964. 


180 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Official History of Odd Fellowship: The Three-Link Fraternity. Boston, 
Mass.: The Fraternity Publishing Company, 1898. 

Phillips, David L. Letters from California. Its Mountains, Valleys, 
Plains, Lakes, Rivers, Climate, and Productions. Also its Railroads, 
Cities, Towns, and People, as Seen in 1876. Springfield, Illinois 
State Journal Co., 1877. 

Proceedings of the Sixty -first Annual Sessions of the Grand Encamp- 
ment, I.O.O.F. of California. San Francisco: The Marshall Press, 

Proceedings of the R. W. Grand Lodge of the State of California, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, From its Organization, May 17, 
1853, to May 7, 1859, Inclusive. Vol. I, San Francisco: Frank East- 
man, Printer, Franklin Office, III Washington Street, San Francisco. 

Proceedings of the R. W. Grand Lodge of the State of California, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, May 1860-May 1864. Vol. II. 
Sacramento: H. S. Crocker & Co., Third Street, Sacramento. 

Proceedings of the R. W. Grand Lodge of the State of California, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, May 1865-May 1868. San 
Francisco: Joseph Winterburn & Company, Printers and Electro- 
typers, 417 Clay Street, San Francisco. 

Proceedings of the California Grand Lodge of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows of the State of California. San Francisco: Joseph 
Winterburn Company, Printers and Electrotypers, 417 Clay Street, 
San Francisco, 1875. 

Proceedings of the California Grand Lodge of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows of the State of California. San Francisco: Joseph 
Winterburn Company, Printers and Electrotypers, 417 Clay Street, 
San Francisco, 1880. 

Proceedings of the California Grand Lodge of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows of the State of California. San Francisco: Joseph 
Winterburn Company, Printers and Electrotypers, 417 Clay Street, 
San Francisco, 1906. 

Bibliography ■ 181 

Proceedings of the California Grand Lodge of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows of the State of California. San Francisco: The Mar- 
shall Press, 516 Mission Street, San Francisco, 1918. 

Proceedings of the California Grand Lodge of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows of the State of California. San Francisco: The Mar- 
shall Press, 516 Mission Street, San Francisco, 1919. 

Proceedings of the California Grand Lodge of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows of the State of California. San Francisco: Borden 
Printing Company, 249-253 Minna Street, San Francisco, 1928. 

Proceedings of the California Grand Lodge of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows of the State of California. San Francisco: Borden 
Printing Company, Inc., 329 Minna Street, San Francisco, 1944. 

Proceedings of the California Grand Lodge of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows of the State of California. Sacramento: Sanderson's 
Print Shop, 731 Street, Sacramento, 1946. 

Proceedings of the California Grand Lodge of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows of the State of California. San Francisco: Golden 
Gate Press, Inc., 117 Golden Gate Avenue, San Francisco, 1948. 

Proceedings of the California Grand Lodge of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows of the State of California. San Francisco: Golden 
Gate Press, Inc., 117 Golden Gate Avenue, San Francisco, 1951. 

Proceedings of the California Grand Lodge of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows of the State of California. Santa Clara: Progressive 
Solutions, 2006. 

Schmidt, Alvin J. Fraternal Organizations. Westport, Conn: Green- 
wood Press, 1980. 

Stellman, Louis J. Sam Brannan, Builder of San Francisco. New York: 
Exhibition Press, 1953. 

Ungaretti, Lorri. Images of America: San Francisco's Richmond Dis- 
trict. Arcadia Publishing, 2003. 

182 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Fifth Annual Report of the Officers & Directors. Odd Fellows Hall As- 
sociation of San Francisco, Incorporated. San Francisco: Joseph 
Winterburn Company, Printers and Electrotypers. San Francisco, 


Seventh Annual Report of the Officers & Directors. Odd Fellows Hall 
Association of San Francisco, Incorporated. San Francisco: Joseph 
Winterburn Company, Printers and Electrotypers. San Francisco, 


Eight Annual Report of the Officers & Directors. Odd Fellows Hall As- 
sociation of San Francisco, Incorporated. San Francisco: Joseph 
Winterburn Company, Printers and Electrotypers. San Francisco, 


Twelfth Annual Report of the Officers & Directors. Odd Fellows Hall As- 
sociation of San Francisco, Incorporated. San Francisco: Joseph 
Winterburn Company, Printers and Electrotypers, 417 Clay Street. 
San Francisco, 1892. 

Seventeenth Annual Report of the Officers & Directors. Odd Fellows 
Hall Association of San Francisco, Incorporated. San Francisco: 
Joseph Winterburn Company, Winterburn, 1897. 

Nineteenth Annual Report of the Officers & Directors. Odd Fellows 
Hall Association of San Francisco, Incorporated. San Francisco: 
Joseph Winterburn Company, Printers and Electrotypers, 417 Clay 
Street, San Francisco, 1899. 

1904 Official Souvenir Program of the 80th Annual Session Sovereign 
Grand Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Programme 
Committee, San Francisco, 1904. 


"Welcome Odd Fellows," WASP, 1904. Vol. LII, 13:228. WASP Publish- 
ing Company, 502-6 Mission St., San Francisco. (September 24, 
1904): 228. 

Bibliography ■ 183 


"Fraternal Fellowship," The Daily Alta, (December 15, 1890): 8. 

"The Grand Lodge," The Daily Alta, (May 13, 1891): 8. 

"Society," San Francisco Evening Post, (January 1, 1891): 4. 

"Advancement of Women," San Francisco Examiner, (December 12, 
1890): 4. 


Letter to all lodges in San Francisco from Alva R. Young, Junior Lodge 
Committee. July 15, 1933. 

Bulletin of the Excelsior Lodge No., I.O.O.F. Honolulu, Hawaii. July, 

Odd Fellows Hall Association of San Francisco, Incorporated. Minutes 
of Corporation, 1906. 

Fraternal Societies. J. C. Herbert Emery, Department of Economics, 
University of Calgary. EH.Net, August 2000. 

"Radio Address On Samuel Brannan," by Louise E. Tabor. KYA. Septem- 
ber 6, 1934. 

Note: In order for the reader to appreciate the historical significance related to the 
publishers of that era, the bibliography contains the complete addresses for many of the 


Page numbers in italics refer to photographs. 

A. J. McNicoll & Co., 70 

Abou Ben Adhem Lodge No. 112, 127, 

141, 142 
Abrahams, M., 78, 79 
Acapulco, 98 

Ada Hancock (tugboat), 161 
Adams, James, 53 
Alexander, Louis Leander, 33 
All-seeing eye symbol, 1,1,2, 86 
Alta Lodge No. 205, 60, 128, 142, 164 
American River, 21 
American Trust Company, x 
Ames & Detrick, 68 
Amity Rebekah Lodge No. 161, 

76, 144 
Angus, N., 78, 79 
Anthony's Hall, 28 
Apollo Lodge No. 123, 36, 40, 88, 92, 

128, 142, 143, 169 
Appeals Court, 154 
Aquatic Park, 138 
Arabian Nights, 96-97 
Arata, Paul, 168 
Armanini, 168 
Arthritis Foundation, 174 
Auburn, 12 

Auxiliary Hall, 110 
Avis, W. M., 90 


Ballmer, Albert, 80 

Baltimore, Maryland, 10 

Bank of California, 19,23,26 

Barnes, Cecil M., 131 

Barnes, William H., 30, 90, 91, 150 

Bay Cities Cemetery Association, 138 

Bay City Lodge No. 71, 71, 84, 141, 

148, 169 
Bay of San Pedro, 161 
Bay View Rebekah Lodge No. 317, 

73, 145 
Benedicts. U,90 
Benedict, C. E., 117 
Bernhardt, Ivan, 127 
Biaga, Arturo, 168 
Bigler, John, 30 

Black, Edwin Hazen, 68, 90, 146. 146 
Blindcraft, 95-96 
"Blindcraft Week," 95-96 
Blunden, W. H., 117 
Bodiken, Fred J., 129-130 
Boeken, Fred. 80, 94, 145 
Bohen, George T., 53, 54. 58. 59, 161 


186 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Bohen, James A. J., 161-162, 162 
Booth, Lucius A., 30 
Boston, 26, 98 
Bowlin, Nellie, 96 
Brannan, Ann Lisa, 22 
Brannan, Samuel, 63 
Brooklyn's Golden Gate voyage, 20 
as California Star publisher, 10, 

cemetery property donated by, 22, 

Charles C. Smith partnership and, 22 
as Committee of Vigilance of 1851 

leader, 19, 43 
Express Building built by, 22 
first meeting at Portsmouth house, 

"Gold from the American River!" 

shouted by, 22 
as Grand Treasurer of Templar Lodge 

No. 17 (first), 20 
influence on San Francisco of, 26 
as Mormon migration leader, 21 
Mormons taxed by, 2 1 
Natoma supply store established 

by, 21 
as Noble Grand, 63 
Protestant sermon delivered by, 

first, 21 
as Society of California Pioneers 

president, 22 
as Templar Lodge No. 17 charter 

member, 20, 30 
as Vice Grand, 11 
Briggs, R. E., 78, 79 
Brind, C, 117 
Brooklyn (ship), 20 
Brooks, Henry B., 53 
Brown (British bartender), 21 
Bruce, A. M., 70 

Brunk, Hugh W., 92, 93, 95, 132, 163 

Buchecker, O. E., 78, 79 

Buddhists, 170 

Burling, William, 11, 19 

Burton, Charles O., 126 

Burton, Samuel, 78, 79 

Burying of the dead, 12, 13-14, 51, 170 

Byrne, H. F., 78, 79 

Cadenasso, Guiseppe, 169 
California Bank, 82 
California Building, 152 
California Genealogical Society, 54 
California Journal of 1865, 125 
California Lodge No. 1, 11, 19, 39, 43, 

78-79, 95, 141, 142 
California Press Association, 30 
California Rebekah Lodge No. 1, 144, 155 
"California's 40,000 Night," 88 
California Star (newspaper), 10, 21, 43 
California Street Cable Railroad, 30 
California Theatre, 82 
Calvary Cemetery, 137 
Canton No. 5, Patriarchs Militant, 97, 

98, 116, 145, 151, 153 
Cantons, 93, 152 
Caravan (event), 96-97 
Cardinet, Emile Henri, 169 
Carnes, George A., 47 
Carson Pass, 9 
Casamajon, Auguste, 169 
Casay, James P., 28 
Catholics, 167-168 
C.C. Smith and Company, 22 
Cemeteries, after earthquake of 1906 
demise of, 135-139 
Odd Fellows Cemetery and, damage 

done to, 60, 135-136, 135-136 



Central Pacific Railroad, 28, 80-81 

Cerf, Jules, 65 

Chaippe, Luigi, 168 

Charles, Eldred, 163 

Chifenti, Felice, 168 

Children's Services (Orphan's Home), 
155,755, 159,170 

Cholera epidemic, 12 

Chopin, 84 

Christianity, 169, 170 

Chronicle (newspaper), 23, 65, 118, 124 

Civic Auditorium, 152 

Civil War, 39, 125-126, 162 

Clarke's Point, 11 

Claus Spreckels Building, 99 

Clifford, U.S.G., 90 

Coffin symbol, 1,2 

Colma, California, 60, 62, 94, 
137-138, 139 

Columbarium, 53, 54, 55, 56, 58 
chapel of, 59 

control of, after closing of Odd Fel- 
lows Cemetery, 138-139 
damage from earthquake of 

1906, 136 
definition of "columbarium," 53 
Neptune Society of Northern Califor- 
nia's preservation of, 139 
religious denominations welcomed 
in, 58 

Columbian Banking Company, 39 

Columbus Lodge No. 394, 143, 
167, 168 

Committee of Vigilance of 1851, 19, 

Committee on Souvenir Badges, 98 

Concordia Lodge No. 122, 141, 142 

Connick, Clifton H.,90, 132 

Constitution and by-laws, 117 

Cope, J. H., 117 

Corbett, A. C, 68 
Corbin, C. A., 80 

Cosmopolitan Lodge No. 194, 142 
Coughlin, John M., 11, 19 
Court of the Ancient Order of 

Foresters, 66 
Cousins, A. H., 117 
Craig, Tillie, 90 

Crematory, 53-54, 57, 58, 60, 138 
Cronin & Dunbar, 68 
Cummins, Ella Sterling, 97 
Curtis, W. A., 118 
Cypress Abbey, 139 
Cypress Lawn Memorial Park, 62 


Dahlem, Harry B., 163 

Daily Alta Newspaper, 70 

Daily Morning Chronicle 
(newspaper), 25 

Daily Standard (newspaper), 30 

Dall,J.N., 11 

Daly, John, 70 

D'Andrea, Antonio, 168 

Daniel Norcross, 173 

Davis, Geo. E., 90, 117 

Davis & Cowell, 68 

Deas,J., 117 

Degree Lodge, 66 

Degree Master, 148 

Degree of Rebekah State Conven- 
tion, 155 

De Haven, Jo. J., 117 

Derre, Auguste, 169 

Devencenzi, Angelo, 168 

Dewey & Company, 30 

De Young, Charles, 23, 25, 30, 62, L36 

De Young, Michael 11., 23, 25, 65 

De Young Museum, 65 

188 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Diamond Springs, 12 
Disaster Relief Society, 111 

card of, 113 

"relief stations," 112 
Dodge, George Andrew, 115 
Donoho, Mary E., 90 
Dr. John Frederick Morse Memorial 

Monument, 93-95 
Dramatic Chronicle (newspaper), 23 

Earthquake. See Great Earthquake & 

Fire of 1906 
Eastman, G., 70 
Effisimo, Eduardo, 168 
Eigenbrodt, Charles S., 19, 125-126 
Encampments, 13, 66, 93 

degrees of, 150 

list of, 143-144 

Patriarchs of California and, 152 
England, 10 
English, C. W., 78, 79 
Escondido, 22 
Eureka, 12 

Evening Post (newspaper), 96 
Events, 73-102 

Arabian Nights, 96-97 

to benefit children of I.O.O.F, 73 

"Blindcraft Week," 95-96 

"California's 40,000 Night," 88 

dinners, parties, socials, 73, 96 

Dr. John Frederick Morse Memorial 
Monument rededication cere- 
mony, 93-95 

"Frankie & Johnnie" acts, 73, 75 

games, 76 

Grand Lodge of the United States 
visit, 23-25, 28-29, 80-84 

minstrel show, 74 

"Night in Japan," 76 

"Odd Fellows' Celebration — 
Illuminations On Market 
Street," 84, 86, 87-88 

Odd Fellows Golden Jubilee Celebra- 
tion, 97-99, 101 

100th anniversary celebration, 92-93 

'open air' political meetings, 84 

Pachmann, Vladimir de, perfor- 
mances by, 84 

picnics at Morrison Point, Russian 
River, 79 

semi-annual installations of officers, 

soldiers being sent off or welcomed 
back from war, 84, 85, 86 

Sovereign Grand Lodge visit, 84, 

Women's Educational and Industrial 
Union benefit, 84 

See also Panama Pacific Interna- 
tional exposition of 1915 
Examiner (newspaper), 124 
Excelsior Degree Lodge No. 2, 117, 

145, 148 
Excelsior Lodge No. 310, 143 
Express Building, 22 
Eye symbol, all-seeing, 1, 1, 2, 86 

Farnsworth, Elias Driggs, 19, 28-29, 
54,57,80-84,57, 141 

Farnsworth Lodge No. 95, 141 

Farrari, Giovanni, 168 

Farrell, E., 68 

Federal Court building (Seventh 
Street), 70-71 

Ferrari, Andre, 168 

Ferrari, John, 168 



Ferrari, Louis, 168 

Fidelity Lodge No. 222, 93, 128, 

137, 143 
"50 cents War Assessment," 132 
Figone, Joseph, 168 
Figoni, Frederick, 168 
Fireman's Fund Insurance, 23 
First Fifty Years of Odd Fellowship in 

California, 54, 83, 118, 148, 175 
Fiscalini, John, 168 
Flanders, E. D., 117 
Fletcher, George R., 58, 60, 60 
Ford Motor Company, 73 
Fort Point Lodge No. 406, 127, 143 
"Forty-Niners," 9 
France, post cards from (during WWI), 

Franco-American Lodge No. 207, 35, 

126, 142 
Franco-Prussian War, 37 
"Frankie & Johnnie," 73, 75 
Franklin, E. C, 11,19 
Franklin Hall, 110 
Frediana, Guiseppe, 168 
Fredline, J. M., 127 
Freiermuth, Geo. H., 117 
Freja Rebekah Lodge No. 284, 145 
Friendship, love, and truth principles, 

1, 2, 4, 86, 150, 169, 170, 176 
Fuhrman, Alfred, 117 

Gallagher, E. M., 68 

Gambarini, Giovani, 168 

Geary, John Lawrence, Jr., 30-31, 31 

German Hospital, 172 

Germania Lodge No. 116, 142 

Gianella Building, 43-44 

Gibbons, C. P., 117 

Gilroy, California, 158, 170 

Glasson, John, 90 

Golden City Rebekah Lodge 

No. 304, 145 
Golden Gate (strait), 21 
Golden Gate Battalion, 152 
Uniformed Patriarch, 59 
Golden Gate Encampment No. 1, 

77, 144 
Golden Gate Land Association, 60, 

Golden Gate Lodge No. 204, 142, 143 
Golden Gate Sal Soda Works, 30 
Golden Gate Undertaking Company, 61 
Golden Jubilee Celebration of the 

Golden Spike at Promontory Summit, 

Golden West Athletic Club, 76 
Golden West Lodge No. 322, 38, 131, 

142, 143, 169 
Gold Rush of 1849, ix, 9-10, 11-12, 22 
Gold searchers, 10 
Goudy, Frank C, 163 
Grand Encampment of California, 

Grand Lodge of California, 12-13, 23, 

28,43, 71, 107-108, itf£-/m 

114, 116, 125-126,131,7^, 

152, 164 
Grand Masters 

Parker, Samuel Hale as first, 23 
portraits of, 166 
See also individual names of 
Grand Patriarchs, Past, 150 
Grand Secretaries 

interior office of, located at 

Seventh & Market Streets. 166 
interior office of, Rebekah Assembly 

1899, 146 

190 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Grand Secretaries {continued) 
Joice, John, as first, 11 
See also individual names of 
Grand Sire 
visits from, 23-25, 28-29, 80-84, 

See also individual names of 
Grant Building, 107 
Grass Valley, 12 
Great Depression, 170-171 
Great Earthquake & Fire of 1906 
books destroyed in, Odd Fellows' col- 
lection of, 49 
businesses affected by, 98 
cemeteries and 
demise of, 135-139 
Odd Fellows Cemetery and, dam- 
age done to, 60, 135-136, 
conditions in city afterwards, 103 
Convention relocated to Santa Cruz, 

deaths caused by, 104, 107 
Disaster Relief Society put into place, 

x, 111, 112,113 
letter from Grand Lodge, inspira- 
tional, 114 
lodges destroyed by, 103 
martial law imposed after, x, 111 
Odd Fellows Building, rebuilding of, 
architect and builder selected 

for, 115 
completed building, pictures 

of, 124 
construction views of, rare, 118 
contractor's agreement, 120 
cornerstone ceremony for, 

115-118, 122, 124 
copper box contents, 115-118, 124 

Grand Sire's attendance, 121 
newspaper advertisement for, 776" 
program for, 122 
death of iron worker during, 

115, 119 
rental contract of tenant, 123 
Odd Fellows Building destroyed by, 
104-105, 104-105, 107 
clean up, 108 

dynamiting of, 105, 106-107 
Grant Building as temporary 
Grand Lodge location, 107-108, 
Grotto and, damage to, 108 
historical records destroyed in, 

65, 106 
vote to keep property, 107 
Odd Fellows Savings Bank and, 45 
Palace Hotel and, 24, 111 
Portola Festival celebrating the re- 
building of city, 117, 118 
Samuel Hale Parker Monument dam- 
aged by, 109 
Greenbaum, Moses, 71, 117, 118 
Greenlawn Cemetery, 60, 138, 139 
Griffiths, G., 68 
Grilich, Niclas, 168 
Grotto restaurant, 70 
Guglielmoni, Cyril Alexander, 167 
Guinasso, Luigi, 168 


Hagel, Karl J., 126 
Hardgrove, O. H., 90 
Harmon, John Brown, 82 
Harmony Lodge No. 13, 141, 142 
Harris, James W., 30, 55, 90, 93, 117, 

132, 150, 163-165, 164, 


Index ■ 191 

Harrison, Benjamin, 13, 36 
Hatter, J. Porcher, 175 
Hawaii, 84 
Hazlett, John, 90 
Heller, Martin, 45 
Herley, H.W., 11 
Hermann Lodge No. 145, 142 
Hinrichs, J., 117 
Hoffman, Victor, 115 
Home Depot, 139 

Hospital Project for Disabled War Veter- 
ans, 131 
The Hounds (gang), 20 
Howard, W. D. M., 22 
Hudson, Geo. F., 90 


Independence Day Parade of 1876, 28 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

burying of the dead, 12, 13-14, 

51, 170 
degrees of, 150, 151 
doctrines of goodwill, 12, 13-14 
establishment of, x, 6, 10-13 
in Germany and Switzerland, 37 
in San Francisco, 6, 10-13 
expansion of, 6, 11-12 
financial benevolences offered to 

members, 12 
founder of, 6 
friendship, love, and truth principles 

of, 7, £4, 86, 150, 169, 170, 176 
imposters, 3-4, 5 
"Odd Fellows" name, derivative 

of, 4-5 
progression of, then and now, 

sick benefits, 12, 171, 172 

symbols of, 1,2,3, 10,86 
tenet of, main, 4, 170 
I.O.O.F. See Independent Order of Odd 

Fellows (I.O.O.F.) 
I.O.O.F. S.O.S. Children's Village in 

Cambodia, 174 
Italian Americans, 167 


Jacks, Henry, 90 
Jackson, F, 78, 79 
Jackson, J. H., 67 
Jackson, P. H., 67 
Jenkins, John, 43 
Jesson, C. B., 80 
Jews, 170 
Jobson, David, 11 
Johnson, A. P., 90 
Johnson, T. Rodgers, 174 
Johnson, W. C, 117 
Johnson, W. S., 127 
Joice, John, 11 
Jones, E. P., 10 
Jones, Robert W., 86 
Joost, Hermann, 117 
Jos. Winterburn & Co., 49 
Jubilee Rebekah Lodge, 144 
Justitia Universalis (Universal 
Justice), 151 


Kalakaua, King, 84 
Kalloch, Isaac Milton, 23 
Kalloch, Isaac Smith, 23 
Keeler, G. W., 61 
Kellogg, Sheldon Gaylord, 19 
Kendall, David, 162 
Ketterlin, A. D., 80 
King, Charlotte L., 28 

192 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

King, James, 28 

King, Lyman M., 132 

Kings' Daughters' Home for Incurables 

Association, 96 
Kingsford, A. K., 148 
Kit Carson Pass, 9 
Knickerbocker Quartette, 86 
Knoph, Emily M., 90 
Krull, Frank, 117 
Kuykendall, W L., 121 

Lacy, Fannie M., 90 
Ladies Auxiliary Patriarchs Militant, 
145, 152 
San Francisco Drill Corps of, 154 
Ladies Encampment Auxiliary, 145 
Lagomarsino, Angelo, 168 
Landry, Norbert, 169 
Langley, Charles, 53 
Lathrop, Guy, 118 
Latroadee, Henri, 169 
Laurel Hill Cemetery, 137 
Lawson, Augustus L., 128 
LeBert, Victor J., 169 
Leibert, J. G., 68 
Leland, T.B.W., 28, 90 
Leland Stanford Jr. University, 28 
Lemaitre, Orsein, 169 
Lenormand, Joseph, 169 
"Let Me Love Thee" ("Arditi") (song), 86 
Lindgren, A. C, 80 
Literacy, promoting, 47, 65 
Llewellyn, R., 68 
Lloyd, Rueben Headley, 19 
Lockwood, George M., 107 
Lorenzen, L., 90 
Los Angeles, 11 
Los Angeles Lodge No. 35, 161 

Loyal Rebekah Lodge No. 215, 74, 144 
Ludlow, M.H., 90, 149 
Lyon, Mary T., 155, 157 
Lyon, Walter B., 155 


MacBeth, Frank D., 34, 90, 131 

MacCubbin, F. R., 78, 79 

Madsen, J. A., 78, 79 

Magnolia Lodge No. 29, 80, 141 

Manila, 84 

Mann, Thomas, 105, 107 

Martin, Harry S., 35 

Masonic Cemetery, 137 

Masons, xi, 28, 43, 124 

Masson, Francois Paul, 169 

Matteucci, Rocci, 168 

McKinley, William, 13, 36 

McKinley Lodge No. 396, 143 

McLaren, Daniel, 27 

Mechanics' Pavilion, 86 

Membership, 13, 88 
application to Alta Lodge 

No. 205, 168 
Catholics and, 167 
Columbus Lodge No. 394, 168 
earthquake of 1906 and, 124 
French-speaking, 169 
gender/race requirements of, 

167, 168 
governmental laws' effect on, 

Great Depression and, 170-171 
Italian Americans and, 167-168 
of Odd Fellows Building, Seventh & 

Market streets, 11,72 
prominent figures and, ix, 7, 19, 

of Rebekah's, women and, 169 

Index ■ 193 

religious faiths and, 169-170 

sick benefits eliminated and, 171 

of soldiers (See Wars) 

steady decline in, after 1947, 

in 2007, 174 

women, 169 

WWII and, after, 171 
Metropolitan Theatre, 44 
Mexico, 30, 98 
Miller, Jacob, 19 
Milne, Geo., 68 
Milton, William M., 30 
Mission Rebekah Lodge No. 225, 

144, 157 
Mission Street, 22-23, 63, 154 
Moore, P. E., 128 
Moreschi, Angelo, 168 
Mormon Island, 21 
Mormons, 21 

Morrison Point, Russian River, 79-80 
Morrow, William W, 13, 36 
Morse, John Frederick, 12, 13, 37, 54, 

94, 95, 137, 161, 162 
Morse, T. R., 117 

Morse Lodge No. 257, 13, 77, 141, 143 
Morse Memorial Fund, 95 
Mounes, John, 126 
Mt. Hope Cemetery, 22 
Mt. Olivet Cemetery, 137 
Muslims, 170 
Musto, Joseph, 70 
Myles, H. R., 161 


National Broadcasting Service, 73 
National Guard, 82 
Native Daughters of the Golden 
West, 28 

Native Sons of the Golden West 

(NSGW), 28 
Natoma (supply store), 21 
Neptune Society of Northern California, 

53, 139 
Nevada City, 12 
New Age (publication), 30 
New Deal, 170-171 
Newell, David, 30 
New Hampshire, 23 
New York, 21 

New York Messenger (newspaper), 21 
Nicholson, WAS., 38 
"Night in Japan," 76 
Ninth Judicial Circuit, 36 
Noble Grands 

Jones, E. P., as first, 10 

women as, 169 
Norcross, Wesley F., 30 
North America (steamer), 98 
Nott, H. E., 78, 79 
Nova Scotia, 163, 164 


Oakland Lodge No. 3, 30 
Oak Park, 12 

Occidental Lodge No. 179, 142, 143 
Odd Fellows' Association of Manila, 84 
Odd Fellows Building, Seventh & Mar- 
ket streets, 65-72 

construction of, 65 

craftsmen selected for, 67-68 

cornerstone ceremony for, 19, 
68, £3 

dedication ceremony for. 65. 69 

directors of. 70 

drawings/pictures of, 66, 67 

flooding of basement in. 70 

Grotto restaurant and. 70 

194 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Odd Fellows Building, Seventh & Mar- 
ket streets, {continued) 
contractors who worked on, 70 
damage from earthquake of 
1906, 108 

meeting rooms in, organizations 
using, 65, 66-67, 70 

membership and growth of, 71, 72 

move to, 44, 45 

Odd Fellows Hall Association of San 
Francisco and, 65, 70-71, 84 

plumbing problems in, 68, 70 

stationery depicting, 68 

Welsbach lighting installed in, 70 

See also Great Earthquake & Fire 
of 1906 
Odd Fellows Buildings 

184 Montgomery Street, 3 rd floor 
(Gianella Building), 43-44 

325 Montgomery Street, 43, 44, 
44-45, 59, 174 

Kearny Street, 12, 43, 44 

Montgomery and Summer Street, 
corner of, 44 

Montgomery Street, between Jackson 
and Washington, 43 

on Wells Fargo poster, 43 
"Odd Fellows' Celebration — 

Illuminations On Market 
Street," 84, 86, 87-88 
Odd Fellows Cemetery, 13, 54 

Brannan's land donation and, 22, 51 

closing of, from neglect and damage, 
60, 137-138 

Crematory at, 53-54, 57, 58, 60, 138 

dedication of, 51, 53 

disinterment of all human remains, 
54, 60, 137-138, 138 
mass grave in Greenlawn Ceme- 
tery, 60, 138, 139 

gravestones and monuments in, 54, 

57, 58, 62, 95, 136, 137, 138 
location of, 51, 52, 55 
See also Columbarium 

Odd Fellows Cemetery Association, 51, 
54, 58, 60 
Golden Gate Land Association, con- 
troversial contract hiring of, 60, 
Special Committee for, 62 

Odd Fellows Employment Club, 14 

Odd Fellows Golden Jubilee Celebra- 
tion, 97-99, 101 

Odd Fellows Hall Association of San 
Francisco, 65, 70-71, 115, 

Odd Fellows Home for the aged, 30 

Odd Fellows Library, xi, 23, 24, 47-49, 

Odd Fellows Library Association of San 
Francisco, 47 

Odd Fellows Literary and Social Club, 
xi, 65, 66 

Odd Fellows Lodges (list of), 
141-143, 156 
See also individual names of 

Odd Fellows Recreation Club, 80 

Odd Fellows Relief Association, x, xi, 
13-14,27,111,777, 117 
card of, 773 
"relief stations," 772 

Odd Fellows Savings Bank, 45 

Odd Fellows Temple. See Odd Fellows 
Building, Seventh & Market 

Odin Lodge No. 393, 13, 126, 143 

Ogden, F. B., 114 

Olympic Club, 96 

Omaha, Nebraska, 23, 81 

100th anniversary celebration, 92-93 

Index ■ 195 

'Open air' political meetings, 84 
Ophir Lodge No. 171, 142 
Oriental Encampment No. 57, 144, 164 
Oriental Rebekah Lodge No. 90, 

144, 145 
Oroville Lodge No. 59, 32 
Orphan's Home (Children's Services), 

155, 158, 159, 170 
Ostkoff, Frank D., 90 
Outland, J. B., 90, 116 

Pachmann, Vladimir de, 84 

Pacific Lodge No. 155, 34, 39, 59, 127, 

141, 142 
Palace Hotel, 24, 28, 111 
Palace of Fine Arts, 93 
Palmieri, Joseph, 168 
Palo Alto, 28 
Panama, 33 

Panama Pacific International exposition 
of 1915, 88, 88-91,91,94 
Apollo Lodge No. 123 and, 88, 88, 

circular offering information on, 90 
parade, 89, 91-92,93 
Patriarchs Militant Army and, review 

of, 152 
plaque presented to Exposition offi- 
cials, 91 
souvenir badges of, 91, 94 
Souvenir Program of, 92 
Parade Committee of the Golden 
Jubilee Celebration of the 
Parker, Samuel Hale, 12, 23,24, 53, 99, 

109, 136, 161, 165 
Parker Lodge No. 124, 31, 128, 142 
Parker Street, 23, 24 

Parkhurst, Charley Darkey, 26-27 
Parlors Native Sons of the Golden 

West, 66 
Parrott Building, 31 
Patriarchs Militant (PM) 

Canton No. 5, 97, 98, 116, 145, 

definition of, 151 

degree of, 151 

Ladies Auxiliary Patriarchs Militant, 
145, 152, 154 

manual of the sword and, 155 

military ribbons displayed by, 155 

Patriarchs of California and, 152 

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier 
and, 155 

uniformed drills and, 152, 155 

various entities of, 145 
Patriarchs Militant Degree of the 

Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, 152 
Patterson, W. A., 118 
Patton, Charles L., 99 
Pauba,A., 117 
Pellegrini, Guiseppe, 168 
Perkins, George Clement, 30, 32 
Phelps, William Wyler, 90, 103, 104, 

104, 163 
Philippine war, 85 
Pictou County, Nova Scotia, 

163, 164 
Pillsbury Picture Company, 105, 106 
Pioneers of California, 94 
Piper, William, 54 
Plashek, M. J., 117 
Platek, Harry, 147 
Porter, Nathan, 30, 58, 148 
Portola Festival, 117, 118 
Portsmouth Plaza, 43 
Portsmouth Square, 10, 11 

196 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Post, C. E., 117 

Post Office (Seventh Street), 70-71 

Pracy, Susie A., 86 

Prechtel, G. P., 61 

Presidio Lodge No. 334, 129-130, 141, 

143, 159 
Presidio Rebekah Lodge No. 321, 

144, 145 
Promontory, Utah, 28, 82 
Promontory Summit, 82 
Protestant sermon, first, 21 
Purlenky, Lulu, 86 

"Queen of the Earth ("Penseti") 

(song), 86 
Quotes, 161-166 


R. B. Forbes (ship), 26 

R. W. Grand Lodge, 102, 126 

Railroad, first transcontinental, 

28-29, 82 
Raissle, A., 78, 79 
Ralston, William Chapman, 19, 23, 24, 

Ralston Iron Works of San 

Francisco, 115 
Ramazini, Angelo, 168 
Ramazini, Pietro, 168 
Reading and storytelling, 47 
Rebekah Assembly of California, 

145, 155 
Rebekah Degree, 148 
Rebekah Lodges, 13, 66, 93, 117, 

152, 154 
interior office of, 146 
list of, 144-145 

Lyons, Mary T., as first president 
of, 155, 157 

membership of women 
and, 169 

"Modern Rebekahs," 157 

Orphan's Home created by, 155, 
158, 159, 170 

Stockwell, Adele, as first president 
of, 158 
Regalia, 11,55, 82,83,37 
Religion, 169-170 
Renault, Jean, 169 
Rewcastle, Mary R., 145 
Richardson, H. D., 90, 114,132 
Richardson, K. Z., 80 
Richardson, William A., 21 
Richmond District cemeteries, 53 
Ridgely, James L., 24, 29-30, 82, 83 
Rio Grande, 22 
Ritter, J. K., 90, 152 
Ritter, Page Desda, 90 
Rix, E. A., 68 
Robinet, Eugene, 169 
Roche, George E., 127 
Rocky Mountains, 148 
Roeber, Chris., 117 
Rolph, James, Jr. ('Sunny Jim'), 30, 93, 

94, 136, 137 
Roosevelt, Franklin D., 7, 170-171 
Rose, Julius, 11 
Rose Parade, 174 
Ross, George Washington, 168 
Rossi, Angelo, 94 
Rossi, Stephen J., 168 
Rothing, Frank, 90 
Rue, James O., 107 
Ruef, Meyer, 169 
Russell, A. C, 20 
Russell, J. B., 117 

Index ■ 197 

Russian River, 79-80 
Rust, Richard, 19-20, 30 
Rust, Richard (son), 30 

Sacramento (Sutter's Fort), 9, 27, 81, 

Sacramento City Cemetery, 28 
Sacramento Lodge No. 2, 11-12, 28 
Samuel Hale Parker Monument, 109 
Sanford, R. F., 150 
San Francisco 
expansion of I. O.O. F. into, 6, 11-12 
fires in, 11, 43 
first wedding under protection of 

American flag, 21 
Gold Rush of 1849, 9 
lodges established in, 10-13 
migration of Mormons to, 21 
See also Great Earthquake & Fire 
of 1906 
San Francisco (cruiser), 128 
San Francisco Bay, 11, 138 
The San Francisco Bulletin (newspa- 
per), 28 
San Francisco Call (newspaper), 124 
San Francisco Chronicle (newspa- 
per), 30 
San Francisco Junior Lodge No. 11, 77, 

145, 147 
San Francisco Lodge No. 3, 141 
San Francisco News (newspaper), 105 
San Francisco Rebekah Lodge 

No. 302, 145 
San Francisco Society of Regulators 

(gang), 20 
"San Francisco Spirit of Odd Fellowship 
#1" (plane), 176 

"San Francisco Spirit of Odd Fellowship 
#2" (plane), 177 

San Francisco Theta Rho Girls Club 
No. 11,77, 145 

San Francisco Veteran Rebekahs, 145 

San Jose, 11 

San Mateo County (Colma), California, 

Santa Clara County, 27 

Sargent Lodge No. 368, 143 

Sawvell, Carl, 86 

Sawyer, Lorenzo, 19 

Schlosser, Wm. P., 90 

Schmidt, L., 70 

Scott, A. W., 66 

Scott, R., 78, 79 

Scythe symbol, 1,2 

Seike, Fred E., 128 

Selvage, T. H., 90 

Serpent symbol, 1,2 

Seven Stars Inn (Baltimore, Mary- 
land), 6 

Seventh Industrial Exhibition of the 
Mechanic's Institute, 83 

Shaw, George Thomas, 108, 110, 
165, 166 

Sherman (transport ship), 128 

Shreve & Company, 148 

Shurtless, Charles A., 94 

Sick benefits, 12, 171,172 

Sierra foothills, 10, 26 

Siminoff, Morris, 60 

Simoni, Andrea, 168 

Sinbad, 96 

Sinclair, D. A., 90 

Skull and crossbones symbol, 1,1,2 

"Slug" (gold piece), 99, 101 

Smiley, James, 11 

Smith, Andrew, 115,119 

198 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Smith, Callie, 115 

Smith, Charles C, 22 

Snook, H. E., 61 

Socialist Labor Party, 84 

Society of California Pioneers, 22 

Sodom and Gomorrah, 151 

Soldiers. See Wars 

Sonora, California, 12, 150 

Sons of the American Revolution, 28 

Soquel Lodge No. 137, 26 

Souvenir badges 
Committee on Souvenir Badges 

and, 98 
in cornerstone box, 118 
of Panama Pacific International ex- 
position of 1915, 91, 94 

Sovereign Grand Lodge, 84, 86, 91, 94, 
116,131,133, 152 

Sovereign Grand Masters (Grand Sire), 

Spartan Lodge No. 125, 110, 142 

Sperlari, Frank, 168 

Squire, Henry C, 53 

Stanford, Leland, 28-30, 29 

Stanford, Leland, Jr., 28, 29 

Stanford Lodge No. 485, 143 

Stanford University, 28, 29 

Stassi, Marco, 168 

Stedman, H. S., 86 

Steiner, Theo., 117 

Stern, H., 117 

Stevenson, J. D., 43 

Stocker, A. R., 151 

Stockton, California, 12, 107 

Stockwell, Adele, 90 

Stowell, Levi, 43 

Sumner, Charles A., 19 

"The Supreme Executive of the Sen- 
tinels of the Universe" (fraternal 
group), 31 

Sutter's Fort (Sacramento), 9, 27, 81, 

Symbols of the Independent Order of 

Odd Fellows, 1,2,3,10,86 

Taylor, R. H., 11 

Teeple, John G., 128 

Telegrams, 14-18 

Telegraph Hill, 11 

Templar Lodge No. 17, 19, 20, 26, 30, 

81-82, 141, 142, 164 
Templar Rebekah Lodge No. 19, 144, 

145, 155 
Thayer, E. J., 117 
Theas, Phillippi, 169 
Thiele, E., 117 
Thomas, W. C, 80 
Thompson, James R, 30 
Thor Encampment No. Ill, 144 
Thrane,J. H., 117 
Three-links of friendship, love, and 

truth symbol, 1, 2, 86 
Toklas, Fred., 117 
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, 155 
Tramble, Lewis, 11 
Transcontinental Railroad, 28-29, 82 
Treyer, Theo., 90 
Tuolumne, 12 
Turpin, F. L., 39, 117 
21 st Pennsylvania Calvary, 39 


Underwood, John C, 151 

Union Army, 39 

Union of the Brotherhood of Carpenters 

and Joiners, 67 
Union Pacific Railroad, 80-81 
Union Railway Pacific 



United Nations Pilgrimage for Youth 

Program, 174 
Unity Encampment No. 26, 144 
Unity Lodge No. 131, 142,146 
Upton, Thomas, 40 
Upton, Vernon, 40 
"Upton Bros. Printers" (ad), 40 
U.S.S. Hancock (ship), 85 

Vallejo, 152 

Van Bokkelen, Jacob Lorrillard, 19 

Veteran Odd Fellows' Association 
(V.O.F.), 145, 146, 148, 149 

Vice Grands 

Brannan, Samuel, as first, 11 

"Visiting Committee," 12-13 

Visual Research Foundation (John Hop- 
kins University), 174 


Walhalla Encampment No. 7, 144 

Walhalla Rebekah Lodge No. 130, 144 

War Bonds, 131 

Ward, Geo. F, 90 

Warren, Earl, ix, 30 

Warren, F. W., 117 

Wars, 125-133 

aid to impoverished regions, 125 
Civil War, 39, 125-126 
committees established during, 

131, 132 
impact on Order, 131 
membership afterwards, 131 
members participating in 
from Abou Ben Adhem Lodge 

No. 112 (veteran's banner), 127 
death due to natural causes, 127 

"50 cents War Assessment" on 

each, 132 
killed in action, 125-126, 131, 133 
records kept of, 126 
wounded, 128 
soldiers being sent off or welcomed 

back from, 84, 85, 86 
stabilization afterwards, 131 
taxes collected for support efforts, 

128, 131,132 
World War I, 126-128, 127, 

129-131, 131 
World War II, 126, 128, 131,171 
Watson, W W, 90, 132 
Watsonville Pioneer Odd Fellows Ceme- 
tery, 27 
"Welcome" (song), 86 
Wells Building, 107 
Wells Fargo poster, 43 
Western Addition Lodge 

No. 285, 143 
Western Photographic Company, Los 

Angeles, 108 
Whims, W H., 90 
Whitton, Towne, & Co., 49 
Wigmore, W J., 117 
Wildey, Thomas, 6, 6 
Wildey Encampment No. 23, 144 
Will & Finck, 67 
Wilson, Geo. H„ 117 
Winn, Albert Maver, 14, 27, 27-28, 

30, 101 
Winn, Catherine, 27, 28 
Winn, Horatio Stockton. 30, 98, 

100, 101 
Winter, Frank W, 127 
Winterburn, Joseph. 49, 49, 117 
Winterburn Company. Printers and 

Electrotypers, 49 
Women, membership of. 169 

200 ■ The History of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 

Women's Educational and Industrial 

Union, 84 
World War I, 126-128, 127, 

129-131, 131 
World War II, 126, 128, 131, 171 
Worth, Frank D., 41, 90, 117 
Wright & Sanders, 68 

Yerba Buena (San Francisco). See San 

Yerba Buena Lodge No. 15, 20, 33, 40, 

Young, Brigham, 21 

♦ i"" 


eter V. Sellars is a 
member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd 
J *km Fellows in San Fran- 
cisco. He has served 
on the Board of Direc- 
tors and was at one 
time a Grand Instruc- 
tor. He is a veteran 
of the United States 
Marine Corps and a 
graduate of California State University- 
Hayward. He often writes short pieces on just 
about everything and enjoys freelancing. He 
and his wife Bonnie currently reside in San 




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5 1995 

9 780979 ll 917400 11 

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