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I<l.\. lil-..M.\\ll.\ I. LAW KI.NC1-;
HISTORY OF JAY
FRANKLIN COUNTY, MAINE
Rev. Benjamin F. Lawrence, A.M.
When Time, who steals our years away,
Shall steal our pleasures too,
The memory of the past will stay,
And half our joys renew.
In attempting to write the early history of Jay, my native
town, I have been influenced by three considerations: first,
that no authentic history of the town has been written up to
this date; second, that the opportunity for gathering the
fragments of the early records of the town and gleaning from
the fading memories of aged citizens the unwritten history
of many important events connected with the lives of the
early settlers will soon be lost forever; and third, that I have
been induced by several of the contemporaries of my boyhood
to take up the work because of the exceptional opportunities
I have enjoyed for gathering up the materials for such a work.
There are few persons who do not have a natural pride and
interest in the place of their nativity and a desire to perpetuate
the memories of their ancestors. But aside from these family
considerations, it is an important duty of a town, and one
which it owes to itself and the generations following, to have
an authentic record of its early days placed in its archives
for future reference. A thousand little incidents gathered
from the lives of individuals or from private papers may cast
light upon important questions that may arise in the future.
A warrant for a town meeting or some other nunicipal regu-
lation, apparently insignificant in itself, may fix a date or
determine the motive of a transaction or exhibit the spirit
of the age in which it occurred.
In this history I have endeavored to give a true account
of the early settlement and genealogy of the early settlers
and their descendants for the first and second generations,
together with the manners and customs of those days. I do
not claim that the work will be without errors, as family tradi-
tions are not always to be relied on. I have endeavored to
go over the whole field, and if there are some omissions or mis-
statements I have only to say that I have written according
to my best information. In gathering up the materials for the
work I have been indebted somewhat to the Jay Register
published by the G. H. Mitchell Company of Brunswick, 1905,
also to the assistance of Miss Winifred Ladd of Jefferson, Maine.
I. Topography — Indians — Early History of
THE Township i
II. Early Settlements 8
III. Official History lo
IV. Military History 14
V. Industries of Jay 17
VI. The Churches and the Ministry 22
VII. The Schools 27
VIII. Reminiscences of the Early Settlements . 30
IX. Sketches and Anecdotes of Noted Men . . 40
Rev. Benjamin F. Lawrence
North Jay Quarries
Old Baptist Church, Jay Hill ....
New Baptist Church, Jay Bridge . .
Universalist Church, North Jay
Colonel Daniel Merritt
Major Stillman Noyes
Hon. Increase E. Noyes
Major Moses Stone's Homestead
Hon. Dearborn G. Bean
Captain Edward Richardson's Homestead.
A. Smith Thompson's Old Homestead
A. Smith Thompson's New Homestead
Hon. a. Smith Thompson
Home of Niles Brothers
Seaborn J. Hyde
facing page i8
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
The town of Jay is situated in the southern part of Franklin
County, Maine, on both sides of the Androscoggin River. Its
surface is broken into hills and valleys, with two small eleva-
tions called Spruce and Canton Mountains. Several small
streams wind their way between the hills from the north, flowing
into the Androscoggin River.
The largest of these streams is the Seven Mile Brook, on
whose banks are extensive intervales and meadows, which
being enriched by the annual freshets make valuable additions
to the adjacent hillside farms. The town is noted for the
fertility of its soil, which consists of a heavy loam. On the
river there are three valuable water-powers formerly known
as Peterson's Rips (now called Riley), Jay Bridge, and Otis
Falls (now known as Chisholm), all of which are operated by
the International Paper Company.
THE ROCKOMEKA INDIANS
The native inhabitants of the valley of the Androscoggin
formed one of the four tribes of the Abenaquis Indians. This
tribe was called Anasagunticooks and was one of the most
numerous and powerful in Maine. A branch of this tribe, the
Rockomekas, lived at Canton Point, where they had a large
village. At first these Indians were very friendly toward the
^ HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
little colony of whites farther down the Androscoggin at what
is now known as Topsham and Brunswick. They frequently
descended the river in their canoes to barter their furs and
Indian maize for tobacco and fire-water. But after a while they
began to be suspicious of the rapidly increasing number of pale-
faces and to fear that their hunting grounds would be en-
croached upon. One early spring, when the waters of the
Androscoggin were swollen by the melting snows, they planned
an expedition to go down the river and in the darkness of the
night surprise and massacre the colony. With the cunning
of the wily savage they laid their plans. Several canoe loads of
braves dressed in their war-paint were to make up the expe-
dition. Two of their trusty warriors were sent down in the
early morning, ostensibly to make purchases at the village
store, and at night to build a fire above the falls at Lewiston
as a signal that their approach was not known. The spies
came as planned, but their actions aroused the suspicions of
the whites, who treated them freely with liquor, and be-
coming intoxicated, they lost their caution and revealed the
plot. The whites immediately prepared to receive their foes.
When night approached they built the signal fire below the
falls instead of above, and the Indians being thus deceived
were swept over the falls, their canoes overturned and those
who escaped drowning were easily despatched.
THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE TOWNSHIP
The town of Jay was originally known as "Phipps' Canada."
It was granted by the General Court of Massachusetts to
David Phipps and seventy-one others for services in the French
War of 1755. It was incorporated in 1795 and named Jay for
Hon. John Jay, the eminent jurist and statesman, who ren-
dered distinguished diplomatic service to the American colonies
as an ambassador to Spain and France at the close of the
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 6
Revolution. It was a large township, six and three-fourths
miles square, including thirty thousand acres more or less,
about one-third of which was afterward set off and incorporated
as the town of Canton in 1821.
The conditions of the original grant were that it was to be
divided into rights of four hundred acres each. Four of these
rights were to be devoted to church and school purposes, one
to be reserved for Harvard College, one for the first settled
minister, one for the use of the ministry and one for the use
of schools. It was also stipulated that grantees "within seven
years, settle eighty families in said township. Build a House
for Public worship and settle a learned Protestant minister."
It was further required that a plan of the township taken by a
surveyor and chainman, under oath, should be returned to the
court within twenty months.
This resolution passed the House the same day and was signed
by T. Hutchinson, Lieutenant-Governor. A survey of the
township was made in accordance with the conditions of the
grant, and April 22, 1772, a plan was submitted to the General
Court, giving the following boundaries:
"Beginning at a pine tree on the westwardly side of Andros-
coggin River on the head line of a township granted to Samuel
Livermore and others due East Two hundred and thirty-two
chains, twenty-five links, to a stake and stones, thence north
on Province Land 380 chains to a heap of stones, thence south
forty degrees west, 532 chains on Province Land to a pine tree,
thence nine degrees east on Province Land, 240 chains to a stake
and stones; thence on Province Land in part and part on the
township aforementioned to the Pine Tree first mentioned."
This pine tree stood on the northern line of Livermore on the
bank of the Androscoggin River.
This plan was accepted by the General Court April 22, 1772.
Nearly all the proprietors of this township resided in towns
<4 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
near Boston, including Cambridge, Charlestown, Watertown,
Waltham, Weston and Newton. The first important meeting
of proprietors was held in Cambridge, Sept. 7, 1772. After
organizing, it was voted to adjourn to the sixth day of April,
1723, to meet at the house of Nathaniel Coolidge, Waltham.
At this meeting it was voted to choose a committee to lot out
and survey said township. This committee consisted of Capt.
Abijah Brown, Elisha Harrington and Israel Whittemore.
Subsequent proprietors' meetings were held at the houses or
inns of Capt. Jonathan Brewer and Capt. Isaac Gleason of
Waltham. Alexander Shepherd was proprietors' clerk for
many years, until July 25, 1787, and for his faithful and effi-
cient services received a grant of two hundred acres of land in
The first division of lots was made on June 30, 1773. Eighty-
four lots were then divided among the original proprietors by
lot. Isaac Gleason and Isaac Stearns were chosen to draw the
lots in the presence of the proprietors. At the same meeting a
committee was chosen to clear a way to the township.
At a proprietors' meeting held April 12, 1774, it was voted
to give four pounds to each of the first settlers who should
clear ten acres of land in the township, seed it to grass or grain,
build a house sixteen feet square and settle within one and a
A second division of lots was made June 29, 1774, but on
account of the troubled condition of the country at the breaking
out of the war of the Revolution the proprietors were unable to
fulfil the conditions of the settlement within the seven years,
and they were granted another seven years for that purpose,
to encourage settlement in the township. On March 27, 1787,
a committee was chosen to select the best position for a saw and
grist mill. On April 6, 1791, the committee, which consisted
of Capt. Richard Peabody, Col. Josiah Fuller and Capt.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 6
Moses Stone, reported that they approved of a site on Lot No. 6,
Range 5, east side of the Androscoggin River, on a brook called
Mosquito Brook, as the most suitable place in said township.
Deacon Elijah Livermore was empowered to build a saw and
grist mill and an order for fifty pounds voted for the same pur-
pose. On April 2, 1789, a road was laid out and cleared from
Sandy River through the township until it met the road
formerly cleared across the Seven Mile Brook at about the
distance of two miles.
Very few of the proprietors themselves came to settle in the
township, but many of their descendants and friends took up the
lots. As soon as the settlement started it grew rapidly. On
April 6, 1791, the proprietors met and voted to assess a tax for
the purpose of building a meeting-house. This work was
commenced but not completed until the association of pro-
prietors was dissolved. Later on, at a meeting held Jan. 2,
1797, it was voted to give the inhabitants of Jay the house
erected and the lot of land which formed the site, including
about two acres. The last meeting of the proprietors was
held in Watertown, Sept. 3, 1798. At this meeting it was
voted to pay to the treasurer of Jay all surplus moneys of the
proprietary treasurer, to be used in finishing the construction
of the meeting-house.
The organization of proprietors which had been formed
twenty-seven years before then came to an end, and the town
of Jay commenced its independent existence as a town in the
Province of Maine. The town had already been incorporated
in 1795 by the General Court of Massachusetts in accordance
with its petition.
The first town meeting was held on the first Monday of
April, 1795, the warrant having been issued to William Liver-
more by Edward Richardson, who had been given authority
by the act of incorporation. The oflttcers chosen at this first
6 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
town meeting were as follows: Moses Crafts, moderator;
William Livermore, town clerk; Peter Austin, Samuel W.
Eustis and William Coding, selectmen. William Livermore
was chosen treasurer; William Livermore, Samuel Coding and
Samuel W. Eustis, assessors; William Peabody and Oliver Fuller,
constables. The town thus incorporated continued undivided
until 1 82 1, when the western portion was set off to form the
town of Canton.
SEPARATION OF THE TOWN OF CANTON
The following is copied from the Jay Register published
by T. H. Mitchell Company, 1905:
"On February 5, 1821, an act to divide the town of Jay
and to incorporate the westerly part into a township by the
name of Canton, for Canton, in Massachusetts, was passed
by the Maine legislature and signed by the first governor of
the state. The dividing line between Jay and Canton estab-
lished at this time was as follows: 'Beginning at the south-
east corner of breakage lot No. 8 in the sixth range on the
north line of the town of Livermore; thence north on the
east line of said number, or tier of lots, to the north-east corner
of lot No. 8 in the second range on the westerly side of
Androscoggin River; otherwise said lot to extend so far north
that a west course across said river will strike the north line
of lot No. 6, in the tenth range on the easterly side of said
river; thence west in said north line to the south-east corner
of lot No. 7 in the eleventh range; thence north on the east
line of said range to the south-east corner of lot No. 14 in
said eleventh range; thence west in the north line of said
number or tier of lots to the south line of the town of Dixfield,
etc. — Provided, however, that Israel Bean, Joseph Lawrence,
Joseph Strout and John Drought, with their families and
estates, and also lot No. 8, in the eleventh range, shall remain
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 7
a part of and belong to the town of Jay.' Additions have
since been made to the town of Canton by annexing lots from
the town of Hartford on the south.
"The town of Canton, although having more than one-
third of the territory of the old town, received that propor-
tion of all public property and of the ministerial and school
funds, also to hold all public lands that fell within her bor-
ders; likewise, she assumed one-third of the liabilities of the
town of Jay at the time of separation. James Starr, Esq.,
of Jay Hill, issued the first warrant for a town meeting in
the new town; this he directed to Joseph Holland, the meet-
ing to be held in the schoolhouse near Mr. Holland's, at Canton
Point, March 28, 1821. At this meeting John Hersey presided
as moderator; Dr. Cornelius Holland was chosen town clerk,
which office he filled for ten years; Joel Howard became
treasurer, and Joseph Holland, Abiathar Austen and Joseph
Coolidge, Jr., were elected selectmen of the new town."
Actual settlements of the town were not made till after the
close of the war of the Revolution. Prominent among those
to take up their residences in the township we find the names
of Simon Coolidge, Oliver Fuller, Samuel W. Eustis, Joseph
Hyde, Scarborough Parker, Nathaniel Jackson, Samuel Jack-
son, Joseph Macomber, Samuel Whiting, Moses Crafts and
James Starr, Jr., settled on Jay Hill probably in 1802. About
the same date we find the names of Nathan Crafts, Ezekiel
Richardson and others of the above-mentioned families as
residents on the hill or near-by farms. The village soon became
the business center of the town. Here were built the first
meeting-house and the first tavern, a noted hostelry for many
years and largely patronized in the days of the old tally-ho
stage-coach. Here were the village blacksmith shop, the
cabinet shop, the cooper's and shoemaker's shops. Here were
the first village stores, the lawyer's oflace and court-room.
Here resided the first doctor and minister who settled in town.
Here for many years was the only post-office in town, and here
was transacted all the public business of the town. Since the
building of the mills and bridges at Jay Bridge, the opening of
the extensive granite quarries at North Jay and the passing
through the town of the Farmington Railroad, the business
of the town has been transferred to these neighboring villages
and the hill remains as a pleasant residential village.
Among the early settlers in other parts of the town we find
the names of Nathaniel Jackson, Oliver Fuller, Thomas Fuller,
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 9
Elisha Kyes, Samuel W. Eustis, Daniel Rowell, who took up
farms in the vicinity of the granite quarries of North Jay.
Moses Stone, Joseph Hyde, Scarborough Parker, Ebenezer
Whittemore, Isaac Parkhurst and Jedediah White settled on
farms near Stone's Corner. As early as 1798, Israel Bean,
Joseph Coolidge, William Coding, William Peabody and
William Chenery became residents of that part of the town
comprising district No. 4, now known as Bean's Corner. In
the southwestern part of the town, which was afterward set
off as the town of Canton, William Livermore, Henry Coding,
Peter Austen, Abraham Peterson and Joseph Coolidge had
taken farms about the time of the settlement on Jay Hill. In
addition to these we find prominent among the early inhab-
itants the names of Eliphalet Cray, Daniel Child, Joseph
Macomber, Thomas Paine, John Richardson, John Axtell, Peter
Bartlett, Calen Thompson, Samuel Cole and Benjamin Bean.
In this chapter we give the names of those who have filled
the principal offices of the town. At the head of the list we
place the selectmen of the town. In early times before the
duties of town officials were fully defined the selectmen exercised
a great variety of powers, and anything and everything not
expressly provided for fell, by custom at least, under their
jurisdiction. Whenever any perplexing question arose in town
affairs or came up in a town meeting, it was handed over to
the selectmen as if they were the fountain of power if not of
wisdom. Hence to be one of "the fathers of the town" has
ever been regarded as a special honor. The importance which
our fathers attached to this office may be seen by the number
of years in which prominent citizens were continued in service.
The first town meeting in Jay after its incorporation was
held on the first Monday of April, 1795, in the Baptist meeting-
house on Jay Hill. Moses Crafts was chosen moderator;
Peter Austen, William Coding and Samuel W. Eustis, select-
men. The same men were also chosen assessors; William
Livermore, town clerk and treasurer; William Peabody and
Oliver Fuller, constables.
From the town records we find the following names of those
who served as selectmen:
1776. Peter Austen, William Coding, Samuel W. Eustis.
1778. Samuel W. Eustis, William Coding, Daniel Rowell.
1779. Edward Richardson, Daniel Rowell, Moses Crafts.
1800. Samuel W. Eustis, Daniel Rowell, Moses Crafts.
1 801 . William Livermore, Moses Crafts, Scarborough Parker.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 11
1802. Moses Crafts, Scarborough Parker, Joseph Parker.
1803. Capt. Daniel Rowell, Nathan Crafts, Joseph Lathrop.
1804. Nathan Crafts, Samuel Chenery, Moses Crafts.
1805. William Chenery, Scarborough Parker, Samuel
1806. Same board.
1807. Same board.
1808. Jeremiah Stearns, Oliver Fuller, Ithimar Phinney.
1809. Oliver Fuller, Nathan Crafts, James Starr.
1810. William Chenery, Moses Crafts, Joel Howard.
181 1. William Chenery, James Starr, Daniel Rowell.
In the years following we find the names of Moses Stone,
Abiathar Austen, Elijah Stone, bringing the record up to 1822.
In 1822 Newton Linscott, Cyrus Parker, Daniel Butterfield.
In following years the names of Aruna Holmes, Francis
Lawrence, Jonathan Ridley, Enoch Parker, Edward Fuller,
Joshua Ludden, Melvin Leach.
As a rule, the town clerks each served for a number of years.
William Livermore, the first town clerk, served from 1795 till
Moses Crafts was chosen in 1804 and served one year.
Following him came Dr. Samuel Small for five years, James
Starr, seven years, and Ezekiel Richardson, six years. Silas
Jones, Jr., was then elected, and served until his death, from
1830 to 1868. Other clerks were Otis Johnson, 1867-69; John
H. Merritt, 1868 ; E. S. Kyes, 1894-1901; Rufus Stone,
1902-05; M. A. Macomber, 1905-09. The present clerk is
O. S. Waite.
Among the names of those who first served the town as
treasurer were William Livermore, James Starr and Nathan
12 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Crafts. Silas Jones, Jr., filled this office from 1850 to 1863.
The present treasurer is C. L. Macomber.
Among the more important honors which the suffrages of the
town have bestowed on its most distinguished citizens has been
that of representing the town in the General Court of Massa-
chusetts and after Maine became a state of the Union, in the
state legislature. James Starr, Jr., seems to have been the
first representing to the Massachusetts legislature after Jay
became an incorporated town. He was followed by Samuel
Small, M.D. Major Moses Stone represented the town in
The following persons have represented the town in the
state legislature: Aruna Holmes, Daniel Merritt, Francis
Lawrence, Stillman Noyes, Moses Stone, John Hanson,
Franklin County was represented in the state senate by
Col. Daniel Merritt in 1842-43; Cornelius Stone, 1864-65;
Ebenezer Kyes, 1875-76.
Daniel Merritt was high sheriff of Franklin County from 1846
Francis Lawrence was county commissioner from 1858 till
In 1 91 2 the town had a population of about 2,000 and its
valuation was $1,791,897. The number of scholars of school
age was 1,911.
ANNUAL TOWN MEETING
The March town meeting was the great day for the coming
together of all the male population of the town. It was held in
the Baptist church on Jay Hill. On these days the two stores
and the old tavern back of the big elm kept open bar, dis-
pensing new rum and toddy from early morn till late into the
night. Inside the church the older and substantial men lis-
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 13
tened to the reading of the town warrant. I shall never forget
the resonant voice of Silas Jones, the town clerk, as he read the
town warrant and then announced that they were ready to
choose a moderator and elect the officers for the ensuing year.
It often happened that the contests for these offices were
very spirited, especially for the coveted position of selectman;
and the yearly appropriations for town expenses often elicited
warm discussion. Newly fledged orators from remote districts
of the town frequently made the matter both interesting and
amusing. In the meantime the younger people and the sporting
element, if the weather was not too inclement, assembled
on the common, where there would be a wrestling match
between rival champions from different parts of the town;
and the enthusiasm enkindled among the friends of the con-
tending combatants at some skilful pass or advantage by the
favorite wrestler was no less pronounced or boisterous than is
witnessed at a modern baseball or football game in our times.
And these days were made festive by the numerous hawkers
vending their luscious apples, maple sugar candy, honey and
cakes of molasses gingerbread. There are doubtless sons of
Jay still living who remember how appetizing the delicious
cakes of gingerbread tasted as brought from the cart of the old
baker from Hallowell as it drove on to the common filled with
Among those who first came to Jay were several soldiers who
had served in the war of the Revolution. These came from
towns near Boston. They were among the first to enlist in the
cause of American independence against the oppressions of the
In the list of these heroes are the names of Capt. Edward
Richardson, Capt. Daniel Rowell, James Starr, Isaac West,
Nathaniel and Samuel Jackson, Samuel W. Eustis, Oliver Fuller,
Thomas Fuller, Jonathan Parker and Moses Crafts. Moses
Stone was a soldier in the War of 1812, attaining the rank of
major. Jonathan Parker and James Starr were of the party
of disguised Indians who one dark night boarded the British
tea vessel in Boston harbor and threw overboard the three
hundred and forty-two chests of tea as a protest against unjust
We copy the Civil War record from the Jay register of 1905.
But the one war that did stir the entire nation, and which
received the most loyal and effective service of every northern
state, was that which was fought in the cause of freedom
and for the maintenance of the American Union. If one thing
more than another is to be revered and commemorated, im-
pressed upon the minds of the rising generation, that thing
is the record of names and deeds of men who faced the dangers
of the battle-field during this trying period. As time rolls on
we are apt to forget the value of the service rendered by the
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 15
soldiers in war. Each succeeding generation is more forgetful of
these things than its predecessor, unless it is taught to revere
and love the deeds of the soldier. It should be in the mind of
each father and each mother to instill into the mind of the youth
the significance of the inscriptions, 'Killed at Gettysburg,'
'Wounded at Vicksburg,' or 'Died at Libby Prison.'
It is with pleasure that we are able to give a list of the men
who served in the Union ranks from the town of Jay. These
names, and the part taken by each soldier, are recorded in
the reports of the State Adjutant General.
SOLDIERS OF THE REBELLION
"The following list will not be found to be entirely com-
plete: Jefferson J. Adams, Isaac M. Adams, Jos. L. Allen,
Thos. J. Allen, Harrison Allen, John Alden, John Adams,
Henry D. Brown, Geo. O. Brown, John M. Bean, Alvin C.
Bean, Benj. F. Bean, Amzi F. Blaisdell, Consider F. Blaisdell,
Americus Clark, Chas. S. Coolidge, Geo. O. Coolidge, Geo. C.
Chute, Wm. S. Clark, Wm. B. Cox, Jas. C. Collins, Thos.
Crosby, Saml. H. Crafts, Albert Dawley, John Dupee, John
G. Dixon, Franklin L. Dixon, John Dixon, Chas. Davenport,
Levi C. Davenport, Geo. L. Daisey, Silas C. Foster, John N.
Foster, Ezra P. Foster, Chas. B. Fuller, Henry R. Fuller,
Elias W. Gould, Jere P. Coding, Wm. Gould, Jr., Wm. S.
Horn, Chas. E. Humphrey, Albert Harvey, John H. Haskell,
John Heath, Chas. A. Horn, Chas. H. Jones, Chas. E. James,
Benj. W. Johnson, Ebenezer S. Kyes, Michael Kennedy, Robt.
Kennedy, Chas. H. Knox, Rutillus W. Kyes, John H. Kim-
ball, Horatio A. B. Keyes, Albert F. Keyes, Alonzo B. Mor-
ton, Josiah Mitchell, Jos. Mitchell, John Mitchell, David
Macomber, Columbus Maycomber, Edw. F. Morrill, Walter
F. Noyes, John E. Nash, Alonzo Nu'tt, Vitore Porre, Chas. A,
Partridge, Willard F. Packard, Chas. F. Parker, Chas. F.
16 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Pomroy, Wm. H. Purrington, Isaac Purrington, Foster J.
Pickard, Winslow E. Packard, Gustavus Pease, Major Phin-
ney, Horace Richardson, John W. Reed, Jerry W. Riggs,
Billings H. Ridley, Osman Richardson, Wm. H. Rollins,
Edelbert Roundy, Wm. Smith, Bradford B. Smith, Timothy
Stone, Wm. H. Small, Jefferson L. Smith, Onslow V. Severy,
Jas. C. Smith, Lemuel H. Smith, Augustine R. Taylor, Benj.
F. Thompson, Roscoe B. Townsend, Nathan M. Townsend,
David W. Trask, Chas. A. Trask, John G. Tibbetts, Gilbert
B. Townsend, Andrew Winslow, Sumner W. Whitney, Thos.
C. Wright, Chas. S. White, M. W. White, Matthew Woodcock.
Foreign Enlistment: William H. Hanson, B. F. Lawrence,
Thomas Emery Lawrence.
Nor was this town without good representation in the late
Spanish-American War, fought in the interests of civilization
and humanity. We find the names of Wm. M. Dutton, G. W.
Pease, William Ryan and Herbert L. Wills on the roll of the
First Regiment of Maine Volunteers."
Industries of Jay
In 1839 Francis Lawrence and Thomas Winslow built the
first sawmill at Jay Bridge. The following year the bridges
were built by a syndicate called the Jay Bridge Corporation.
During the freshet of 1843 the sawmill was carried away
by the flood, but was rebuilt the year following by Noyes &
Lawrence. The same parties also built the grist mill, which did
a thriving business for a number of years.
The mills were afterwards burned and the water power
passed into the hands of Alvin Record, who built a large pulp
mill and operated it in connection with his pulp mills in Liver-
more Falls, until he sold his interests to the Falmouth Paper
Company. This company built a paper mill in 1892, and oper-
ated both the paper and pulp mills until they came into the
hands of the present owners, the International Paper Company.
These mills have now been torn down and a large power-house
is being constructed which will furnish electricity to the other
mills of the company on the river.
A long lumber steam-mill for sawing and grinding was
erected by Hutchinson & Lane in 1872 or 1873. This was
purchased by R. H. Thompson about 1880 and operated by
him for four years. This was a large mill situated just above
the village and had a large novelty mill connected with it,
which gave employment to a number of the village folks.
This mill was burned in January, 1884. The Jay Wood Turn-
ing Company at Jay Bridge was established in 1907 and is a
corporation for the production of all kinds of wood turning.
The factory is located on the west side of the Androscoggin,
18 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
just below the bridge. While in operation it employed one
hundred and twenty-five hands in winter and seventy-five in
summer. At the present time it is closed, but we understand
that under a new firm it is to be reopened.
The corn factory at the bridge, now operated by Tomlinson
of Portland, S. B. Farnum, superintendent, does a large busi-
ness each year in canning corn, apples and squashes raised by
the surrounding farmers.
PULP AND PAPER MANUFACTURE
The chief manufacturing industries in Jay at the present
time are the manufacture of pulp, begun in 1888, the manu-
facture of paper, begun in 1890, and the operation of her
granite quarries at North Jay, which began to be extensively
worked at about the same time. The pulp manufactory at
Jay Bridge began in 1888 and was operated by Alvin Record
in connection with his mill at Livermore Falls, as previously
The pulp and paper mills at Chisholm, costing about
$4,000,000, are among the larger paper industries of the state.
These mills include a wood grinder mill, a large sulphite mill
and a large paper mill. The paper mill has nine machines for
news paper and one for wrapping paper. Seventeen tons of
wrapping paper are made daily from waste. The pulp mills
grind daily sixty cords of wood. The sulphite mill converts
a hundred cords of wood daily into paper. The capacity of
the plant is 240 tons, or 12 car loads, a day. It has now in
its employ 550 men. The water power is 7,500 horse-power.
Chisholm is comparatively a new settlement, having sprung
up in connection with its large paper industry, around what
was formerly known as Otis Falls, and near the flourishing
village of Livermore Falls, of which it has become practically a
part, having the same railroad station and post-office. In
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 19
1883 it had only three houses; now it has about one thousand
inhabitants. This place takes its name from the late Hugh J.
Chisholm, the man who did so much to develop the paper in-
dustry at Rumford Falls and other places in New England.
Farther up the Androscoggin River, near the Canton line,
at the falls formerly known as Peterson's Rips, there is a large
pulp mill, established in 1897, which has a daily capacity of
100 tons, giving employment to loo men.
The water power at Riley is 940 horse-power. This place is
called Riley from Edwin Riley, whose home is in Livermore
Falls. His superintendent is T. J. Foley. Several houses have
been built on the west side of the river for the use of the em-
ployees of the mill and a school established for their benefit.
These pulp and paper mills, together with the three water-
powers of Riley, Jay Bridge and Chisholm, are now owned
and operated by the International Paper Company, which
also owns or controls both banks of the Androscoggin from
the Canton line to Livermore.
A branch line of the Rumford Falls Railroad runs from Canton
on the south side of the river, with stations at Canton, Riley
and Jay Bridge, crossing the river near Chisholm and con-
necting with the Maine Central Railroad at Livermore Falls.
The working of the granite quarries at North Jay is now
one of the important industries of the town. The quarries
have been operated from the beginning of the nineteenth
century, but only on a small scale for local purposes till the
valuable properties of the granite began to be known by archi-
tects. Its whiteness and uniform color are now recognized
by the leading architects and the building trade. It is un-
doubtedly the whitest granite produced in this country. It is
remarkable for its hardness and its durability owing to the
20 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
absence of all mineral and foreign substances which would
incline to disintegration under the action of the weather.
These two superlative qualities make it especially desirable in
all building and monumental work where light-colored granite
The facilities for turning out building material are unsur-
passed by those of any granite company in America. The
granite is all handled by gravity between the quarries and the
cutting sheds, and between cutting sheds yards and loading
platforms by portable holsters. The loading platforms are
located directly on the lines of the Maine Central Railroad.
In the year 1884 a corporation was formed, known as the
North Jay Granite Company. This company operated but a
short time, principally in the line of manufacturing paving,
curbing and the cruder class of work. In 1887 a new organiza-
tion took possession of the quarries and employed J. P. Murphy
of Lewiston as general superintendent. Mr. Murphy had a
practical knowledge of all branches of the business; and as
the new company had secured some very desirable contracts,
among them being the R. H. Dunn Building, Lower Broadway,
New York, Memorial in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, and
several others, the plant was quickly enlarged.
The Maine & New Hampshire Granite Corporation now con-
trol entirely the quarries at North Jay. They employ at the
present time 318 men, with a weekly pay-roll of ^9,000. They
make a million paving stones a year and are turning out 250
tons of crushed rock per day. They have on hand now several
large building contracts, including the German Bank Building,
Wheeling, W.Va., the Carnegie Technology School Building,
Pittsburgh, Pa., and the Albany High School, Albany, N.Y.
The officials of the company are Frank A. Emory, president;
George E. Munroe, vice-president and general manager;
James R. Raymond, treasurer. Around these quarries has
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 21
grown up the large and flourishing village of North Jay, with
its department stores, fraternal organizations, churches and
schools. Beginning with a few scattered houses in 1820, there
are at the present time fine residential houses, several public
buildings, department stores, and a population of about a
The North Jay Grange, No. 10, Patrons of Husbandry,
one of the flourishing fraternal societies of the town, has had
an interesting history. It was organized March 27, 1874, with
nineteen charter members. J. O. Keyes was chosen first
master. In 1889 a stock company was formed and a good
Grange hall was erected at a cost of ^2,600. This hall was
destroyed by fire in February, 1895. The loss was heavy, as there
was no insurance on the building. Nevertheless the follow-
ing summer the enterprising members erected the present
fine structure on the old site at a cost of ^3,000. It was dedi-
cated in July, 1895. This building has since been remodeled
to accommodate the Grange store. This store has been suc-
cessfully operated for about thirty years and has proved a
financial success to its patrons. The Grange now has a mem-
bership of 312. The officers for 1912 are: W. M., Ernest
C. Morse; W. O., Chester R. Miller; W. L., Minnie H. Allen;
W. S., Robert Stevenson; W. A. S., Love A. Hyer; W. Chap.,
Simon M. Coolidge; W. P., Harry L. Macomber; W. Sec,
S. Master Foster; W. G. R., Lester H. Willis; W. C, Genet
Morse; W. P., Belle Stinchfield; W. H., Nellie P. Hyer;
W. P. A. P., Elizabeth Woodman.
The Churches and the Ministry
In the early records of the township we find little mention
of religious services, though ample provisions were made in
the grant of the General Court to the proprietors for religious
and educational purposes. In 1791, by direction of the pro-
prietors, a meeting-house was erected, which was still un-
finished as late as 1798, though it was used as a house of worship
till the erection of the new house on Jay Hill in 1807 or 1808,
near or on the site of the old meeting-house. This new meeting-
house, which is still standing and used for a town house, was
regarded as a very spacious building for those days; it was built
in the old English style, following the custom of church building
in the early times. In its original form it had a large vestibule
surmounted by a bell-deck and steeple. There were broad
galleries on three sides, with the elevated pulpit and winding
stairway leading to it. Beneath the pulpit was the deacon's
seat facing the singers' gallery. In the audience room were
the box pews with their hinged doors and seats. For many
years there was no arrangement for heating the building
except the foot-stoves which the worshipers brought with
them from Sunday to Sunday. Stoves in those days were
very costly and one large enough to heat so large an audience-
room was a very expensive affair. Once or twice efi"orts were
made to raise the necessary purchase money for a stove by
subscription. At the first failure to obtain the required amount
a shrewd old farmer was heard to say, "I am glad I put down
three dollars on the paper, for now I have saved my money
and credit too." Some older persons will remember the hinged
OLD BAPTIST CHURCH, JAY HILL, BLULT IX if-Oy.
NEW BAPTIST CHURCH, JAY BRIDGE.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 23
leats in the pews and the clatter they made as the audience
•ose and sat down again at prayer time, as was the custom in
re olden time. And in the attics of some of the older houses
nay now be found the identical foot-stoves that our grand-
nothers carried with them on the cold Sunday mornings in
;he winter months. Some anonymous versifer has embodied
he same in rhyme.
"The seats were hinged. In prayer we rose
And turned them up; and then
Were ready at the prayer's close
To slam a loud Amen.
We had no stoves; our mates, poor souls,
Indulged their vain desires
With small tin boxes filled with coals
Brought from a neighbor's fires.
Our parson made it hot enough,
No need for fires to yearn,
With good old doctrine dry and tough
Made all our hearts to burn."
ORGANIZATION OF BAPTIST CHURCH
Delegates from the Baptist churches of Fayette and Liver-
nore convened in the meeting-house on Jay Hill, July ii, 1799,
;o form a Baptist church. The names of the persons who
ippeared to unite together to be embodied in church order
vere William and Hannah Coding, Joseph and Betsey Winter,
rhomas and Martha Fuller, Henry and Susannah Coding,
Dliver Peabody and Hannah Eddy, William Bachelder and
ifVilliam Eustis, and Oliver and Polly Fuller. William Coding
vas chosen clerk of church. On there appearing to be a
lappy union the council declared them as a church, and they
ivere pronounced by Brother Williams to be a church of Christ,
laying, "We wish you Cod's blessing." Samuel Eustis, clerk of
On the next day, July 12, Rev. Eliphalet Smith of Fayette
preached to the general acceptance of all.
24 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
We find from the early records of the church that the brethren
of the church, in the absence of an ordained minister, took
turns in leading the Sunday services. On Jan. ii, 1800, at
a meeting of the church, William Coding was given a license
On Oct. 14, 1 801, at a regular meeting of the church, it
was voted to receive Brother Joseph Adams into Christian
fellowship, he having been previously immersed. Brother
Adams came from Billerica, Mass., and previous to his coming
to Jay had been a member of a Methodist church. He became
the first settled pastor in 1804. He continued in the faithful
discharge of his duties for fourteen years and then resigned,
but continued to supply occasionally, alternating with Elder
Joseph Macomber and Joseph Alden. In 1821 Rev. Elias
Nelson was called to the pastorate, remaining till 1825. He
was a man of more than ordinary gifts and much beloved.
Again Rev. Joseph Adams assumed the pastorate for five
years, thus serving the church for more than twenty years.
In the years succeeding we find the names of Walter Foss,
Daniel Hutchinson, Lucius Bradford, James Follett and Hugh
Dempsey, bringing the record of pastors down to 1857. In
1847 the old meeting-house was repaired, the vestibule taken
down, the upper story fitted up for the use of the church
and the lower floor left in its original condition for a town hall,
for which purpose it is still used. In 1873 the services of the
church were held in a hall at Jay Bridge until the building of
the new church at the Bridge, which was dedicated Nov. 2,
1893. A memorial window to the memory of Rev. Hugh
Dempsey was placed in the new church by his children. The
same year the Baptist parsonage was moved from the hill
to Jay Bridge. The present pastor of the Baptist Church at
Jay Bridge is Rev. George Cook.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 25
CHURCHES AT NORTH JAY
A union meeting-house was built at North Jay about 1845.
There was no settled minister, but it was occupied alternately
by the Universalist and Methodist societies. This church
was removed from its former site and is now used for secular
purposes, and a new Universalist church was built in its place
in 1893. The edifice was erected by subscription, the larger
donators being the Niles brothers of Boston and Payson
Tucker of the Maine Central Railroad. The pastors of this
church have been Rev. Blanche A. Wright, Rev. Hannah J.
Powell, Rev. H. S. Fiske and the present pastor, Rev. S. M.
FREE BAPTIST CHURCH AT BEAN's CORNER
This church was organized at an early date with a member-
bership of live. For several years services were held in the
schoolhouse, district No. 4, but in 1865 the present church
building was erected. The earlier pastors were Rev. John
Foster, John Cheney, Hubbard Chandler, William Badger,
S. P. Morrell, Roger Ela, Henry Preble, J. S. Swift, and others.
METHODIST CHURCH AT NORTH JAY
This society, as we learn from the Jay Register, was first
started by Charles Williams, a stone-cutter, who commenced
holding meetings in the Grange hall. Soon after a branch so-
ciety to the Methodist church of Wilton was organized, and
the pastors of that church have held regular services here.
Rev. Alexander Hamilton was pastor from 1893 to 1895;
Rev. B. F. Fickett, 1895 to 1898; Hosea Jewett, 1898 to 1900;
A. T. Craig, 1900 to 1905. The church edifice was erected
during Rev. Mr. Fickett's pastorate, being completed in
1897 at a cost of $3,500. Regular services are maintained and
a Sunday school and Epworth League well supported.
26 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
ST. ROSE CATHOLIC CHURCH, CHISHOLM
This society was formed in 1893 and the church erected
near the Livermore line in 1894. The parochial school building
was erected on the same lot the following year and the pastor's
house in 1896. The present pastor is Rev. John Le Guenice.
There is a large attendance at the church and parochial school.
The district schools from an eariy date have been of high
grade for a rural community; and it may be truly said that
they have been fountains of knowledge and inspiration. The
town at one time contained nineteen school districts and twenty-
two schools. Private high schools were held at Jay Hill and
Jay Bridge in many past years. At the present time there are
a high school at Jay Bridge, V. Merle Jones, principal, and
nineteen schools of lower grade in different sections of the
town. The following is from the report of the superintendent,
Rev. S. M. Nieveen, for the year 191 2:
"It gives me pleasure to state that the introduction of a
uniform course of study and the use of a uniform series of
text-books are producing good results, even during the short
period of service they have thus had. I have graded all the
schools, so there are at present no ungraded schools in town.
The one-room mixed has been changed to a one-room graded
school having the same courses and books as the school in the
The town may well be proud of the men and women who
in these schools in their youthful days laid the foundation
and received their equipment for life's duties. As clergymen,
lawyers, physicians, teachers and business men they have
attained prominent positions in public life.
There are some doubtless who remember the school-books
of the former days. First of all was Webster's spelling-book
with its rude cuts and the story of the bad boy up in the apple
tree and the old farmer pelting him first with grass and then
28 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
with stones; and the Young Reader with its story of the foolish
boy who was eaten up by the wolf as a punishment for crying
"Wolf, wolf!" when there was none; and the fate of the young
lamb that strayed away from the flock and the sheepfold.
Some will recall the old English Reader with its classic orations,
Smith's Arithmetic, Greenleaf's Grammar and Peter Parley's
Geography. And those that attended school in those early
days will not forget the parsing class where the sublime verses of
Young's "Night Thoughts" were studied, analyzed and parsed.
In those times writing was one of the three R's taught in
the district school. Every scholar furnished his own pen,
writing-book and ink. The writing-book was home-made and
usually consisted of twelve sheets of common writing-paper
with a cover of stiff brown wrapping-paper stitched together.
The leaves were carefully ruled with a plummet, sometimes
in the form of a hatchet, made from common sheet lead, for
lead pencils were not in common use at that time, if invented.
The pen was the goose quill, skilfully prepared and kept
in order by the teacher with his sharp penknife, which with
his ferule or ruler, as it was called, was an essential part of
his equipment. The steel and gold pens had not then come
into common use; and the skill in making a good pen was
an essential condition of a teacher's fitness for his position.
It had to be a goose quill of good quality to make a good pen.
I remember when one day on my way to school having picked
up a turkey quill by the roadside I carried it to school and to
the teacher to be made into a pen. The laughter of the school
at my ignorance of the unfitness of the turkey quill was very
mortifying. The teacher must also write a good hand, that
he might set the copy at the top of the leaf. It quite often
happened that the scholar, as he wrote line after line down
the page, copied the mistakes of one line into the next, so that
the last line at the bottom of the page had little resemblance
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 29
to the copy set by the teacher, a practice too often followed
in the lives of youth in their failures to profit by the good
examples set before them.
Before the days of commercial colleges the teaching of pen-
manship and bookkeeping occupied a prominent place in the
education of the more ambitious young people. Private writing-
schools or classes were formed in almost every school district.
The writing master was wont to advertise his class by a large
poster ornamented by a pen-painted swan or the American
eagle, skilfully surrounded by scroll work. These posters were
often of a very high order of artistic ability.
United with teaching of penmanship was often that of book-
keeping. Many of the prominent business men that went
forth from our town to the cities and centers of trade obtained
in these writing-schools the instruction in commercial affairs
that has made them successful.
Reminiscences of the Early Settlements
In every prosperous home of the early settlers there was
all the machinery for manufacturing the cloth from which
they made the garments with which they were clothed. The
cards to prepare the fleecy rolls for spinning, the spinning-
wheel, the spool wheel and the loom by which the wool grown
on their own sheep was transformed into articles of dress,
were essential parts of the necessary equipments of every
household. From the flax raised upon the farm, after it had
been sufficiently rotted by lying on the ground and hatcheled
to remove from it its woody fiber, our grandmothers spun the
linen thread which they wove into the fine linen sheets for
bedding and underwear. It was in later years that the card
mill aided the home workers by preparing the fleecy rolls for
the spinning-wheel, and the fulling mills dressed the home-
made flannels into the heavy cloth from which the coats and
trousers worn by our grandfathers were manufactured by their
prudent housewives or the itinerant seamstress.
The shoemaker in those days often went from house to
house, carrying his kit of tools with him, making and repairing
for the family the necessary foot-gear for the winter's supply.
In summer they had no need of his services, as they went
barefoot. The leather from which these shoes were made
usually came from the hides of animals of their own raising,
tanned by some near-by tanner. Occasionally some well-to-do
farmer or ambitious young man would have a calfskin especially
prepared and made by some expert workman into a Sunday or
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 31
Not only articles of dress but also almost all other articles
needed in the house and upon the farm were home-made.
Wooden vessels of all kinds were in common use. The milk
pan was a wooden bowl, the water-pail was a wooden bucket,
and the water was drawn from the well by the well-sweep
in the "old oaken bucket." Even the dipper from which
our forefathers drank the cooling draft was of wood, with a
long handle ingeniously wrought by leaving a branch of the
tree on one of the staves that formed the dipper. Instead of
stone or earthen jugs for all kinds of liquids, such as molasses,
vinegar, etc., wooden kegs in the form of small barrels were
in use. These were often made by the farmer in his leisure
hours in the winter months. It is related of a witty old farmer
that having carried his three-gallon keg to the village store to
have it filled with molasses, the merchant charged him for four
gallons. In demurring about paying the bill he remarked that
he didn't mind so much about paying for the extra gallon but
it was the strain on the keg that worried him.
In the days following the clearing of the forests and raising
the first crops the people became better off and homes and
houses were of a better class. But the large open fireplaces
with the crane and pot-hooks for suspending kettles over the
fire were still in use. In addition to these methods of cooking,
the brick oven was introduced by the forehanded farmers for
baking the brown bread, Indian puddings and pies. The small
boy of the family was expected every Saturday morning to
cut up and bring in a good supply of fine dry wood for his
mother's oven before going to play or attending to other duties.
The Thanksgiving turkey was suspended by a string from the
mantel-piece before the fire, with a dripping-pan on the hearth
underneath. Later on came the tin-baker and tin-kitchen,
which greatly facilitated the means of cooking and aided the
housewife in household duties. And at a still later day earthen-
32 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
ware and crockery-ware displaced the wooden vessels, the
wooden bowls and spoons of the early settlers and even the
pewter platters, spoons and mugs of the better class were put
aside as relics by the use of more modern dishes.
Few young people of today realize the changes that have
taken place in the matter of foods and especially in the manner
of preparing and cooking the daily meals during the last century.
Instead of the baked beans on which the people of New Eng-
land breakfast on Sunday mornings in these later days, in
the early days they had their stewed beans and johnny-cake
and bean porridge. The old Revolutionary soldier, James
Starr, the father of Judge Starr, was wont to complain that
"Jim's folks were too aristocratic to live on plain foods, and
that if bean porridge cost a guinea a gallon and came from
the West Indies, they would live on it."
In the early history of the town few potatoes were raised
or eaten. I have heard Dr. Small say that at one time in his
boyhood a neighbor was regretting that he had raised no
potatoes that year, when his father replied, "I can let you
have all you want, for I have raised three bushels this year."
Salt pork and johnny-cake, with potatoes and other vegetables
in their season, were the staples of living. There were no
butcher carts going from house to house, no meat markets in
the larger towns and villages. Fresh meats were to be had
only at the time of hog-killing in the late autumn or when
the beef creature was slaughtered for the packing of the salt
junk for the year's consumption. It is related of Scarborough
Parker, when he moved his family and household goods from
Roxbury, Mass., in 1804, to the town of Jay, coming from
Boston on a vessel to Hallowell, that he took with him a
barrel of salt pork and a barrel of salt beef, but having turned
off the brine to reduce its weight, the beef was tainted be-
fore reaching its destination. Sometimes in the early spring
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 33
the fatted calf was killed, and by a friendly exchange with
neighbors at different times of killing the season of fresh meat
was lengthened out.
MODES OF TRAVEL
The only means of travel in the pioneer days was on foot
or horseback. It was not an uncommon sight to see a man in
the saddle with his wife sitting behind him on the pommel
of the saddle, with a child in her arms, on their way to meeting
on a Sunday morning. I remember when a small boy listening
to an aged minister who had called to visit my grandfather
and grandmother, reminding them of an incident in their
early life of which he was a witness. He had seen them on
their way to meeting at Livermore Corner, father, mother and
youngest child all on the old family horse. When they came
to a small brook too deep to ford, the horse was made to walk
over the stream on a single log, carrying his riders safely on
his back. House utensils and farm implements were scarce
and of the rudest kind, which necessitated much borrowing
and exchange with neighbors. Joseph Lawrence built the
first two-wheeled vehicle in the town of Jay (excepting perhaps
the white oak ox cart brought to Jay by Scarborough Parker
from Cambridge). It was a two-wheeled horse cart, and the
neighbors from far and near came to hire or borrow it to trans-
port their produce to Hallowell, thirty miles distant, and bring
groceries and other necessities for their family use. It was
several years after that the first four-wheeled wagon came
to Jay Hill one day, exciting a good deal of curiosity. The
body of the wagon rested on the axletrees without thorough-
braces or springs. It was thought too frail for the roads of
those days. A few years later some of the gentry and well-
to-do farmers became the envied possessors of the "one-horse
34 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
PRIVATIONS OF EARLY SETTLERS
Few of US in these times of comfortable homes and easily cul-
tivated farms are able to realize the utter poverty and priva-
tions of those sturdy men and women who first came to these
primeval forests to make a home for themselves and their
families. Grown men and women, scantily clad in homespun
garments, barefooted in summer months, sheltered in their
rude log cabins, laboriously worked to clear the hitherto un-
cultivated soil that it might produce for them the bare necessi-
ties of life. Families were often reduced to actual want, and
many times there was anxious though patient waiting and
longing for the ripening grain that would keep the wolf from the
door. The sound of the flail threshing out the first-fruits of
the harvest was often heard in the early autumn, which gave
rise to the saying, "The life and death flail has commenced."
The following incident is related in a Maine history of Joseph
Coolidge, one of the first to make a home in Jay, probably on
the west side of the Androscoggin near the Canton line. In
one July his family was on the point of starvation, and there
was nothing to be had nearer than Hallowell, some thirty
miles distant. Early in the morning he started and footed it
to the home of his brother-in-law, Deacon Livermore of Liver-
more, where he procured a horse. From there he rode to Hallo-
well to get some corn. He came back as far as Wayne, where
he had it ground, and started for home. It was near midnight
when he reached the ferry, afterward known as Hillman's
Ferry, but the boat was on the other side and no one to bring
it over nearer than Deacon Livermore's, a mile distant. He
swam the river and brought over the boat, took over his horse,
returned the borrowed horse, and then with his bag of meal
on his back made his way to his home, which he reached about
daylight. His wife got up and made a johnny-cake, of which
they all partook, and which he declared was the sweetest
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 35
morsel he ever tasted. His father was killed at Watertown
by the British soldiers on their retreat from the battle of
We read of the barefoot boy, but few grown-up men and
women of those days wore shoes in the summer months. An
old resident of the intervale told me years ago that when a
big snow-storm came on one November day a neighbor living
more than two miles away came through the snow barefoot and
got him to go several miles farther on to a shoemaker and get
a pair of shoes for him. Leg-boots had not come into use
among the poor people in those days.
PREPARING FOR THE LONG WINTER
The necessary preparations for the long winters made a very
busy season in autumn for our grandfathers and grandmothers,
even in the matter of foods. In harvest time there was the
reaping and threshing of the grain; then the cutting and
husking of the corn, and then were the potatoes to be dug and
placed in "the potato hole," a cave in the ground near the
cabin, for few hastily built cabins had cellars. In later years,
after orchards had been set out, there was the apple picking,
and in the long evenings the paring, cutting into quarters and
stringing on long strings to be hung on poles or sides of the
building to dry in the sun. And when the new cider had been
brought from the cider-mill, a day was spent in boiling it down
to be used in mince pies and to make the winter supply of
apple butter or apple sauce as it was called. The making of
the apple sauce made a busy day for the whole household.
The evening before was spent in preparing the apples, and on
the next morning the large brass kettle was brought out and
thoroughly cleansed. In the bottom of the kettle were placed
the sweet apples, less liable to burn, then followed the sour
apples and the boiled cider. Then the kettle was placed over
36 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
the kitchen fire and had to be carefully watched for several
hours lest the contents be spoiled in the cooking. Who as
a boy reared in the old-time home does not remember the
delicious smell and taste of the sauce that was brought on cold
winter mornings from the well-filled firkin in the pantry,
placed by the fire to thaw, and then served with johnny-cake,
fried eggs and bacon, at the breakfast table?
And then after the beef creature had been killed came the
trying out of the tallow for the winter's supply of candles.
It would be a curiosity to most young people of today to witness
the process of making the candle-dip that furnished the light
for the homes of our ancestors. First a bundle of sticks about
a foot long and one-third of an inch in diameter were whittled
out by the man or boy of the house. On these were fastened the
wicks, taken from a ball of cotton wicking and made the desired
length of the candle. Usually six of these wicks were placed
on each stick, with a little space between to keep the candles
separate. Two poles extended across the room on chairs or
boxes just far enough apart for the ends of the sticks to rest
upon them. When all was in readiness the pot of melted
tallow was placed beside the row of candle wicks, and the
good housewife, seated in a split-bottomed chair, would patiently
dip the long row of wicks in the melted tallow, repeating the
process until the candles grew to the required size, the kettle
of tallow in the meantime being kept warm and full by the
frequent pouring in of boiling water, which, also, the tallow
rising to the surface, enabled the dipper to use the whole of the
melted tallow if desired. It was from this process that the
candle came to be called a "dip." And it was the forehanded
housekeeper that had a large box of these dips for ready use.
In later years tin candle-molds holding from three to a dozen
each made a more convenient method of manufacturing the
COLONEL DANIEL MERRITT.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 37
EARLY AMUSEMENTS AND ENTERTAINMENTS
The young people in the earlier times did not lack for the social
life and entertainments. Even the rural districts had their
social gatherings when dancing and innocent amusements
were enjoyed. Among the more refined and sedate afternoon
parties of young ladies gathered at times in the neighboring
homes, to be joined by the young men in the evening for a
social hour. It was on these occasions that many a fine piece
of needlework was wrought out which has been handed down
as an heirloom. Among the first work, after common sewing,
that a young girl was expected to do was a sampler. I well
remember my mother's which she had made when only ten
years of age, and which she religiously kept among the keep-
sakes of her youthful days. It was worked with silk thread in
fancy colors, on a piece of brown linen some six inches wide
by ten in length. It was bordered by a cross-stitch of fancy
pattern. On it were worked the letters of the alphabet in
capitals. Then followed the name of the town (Livermore)
and state, closing with her own name, Susan Norton Winslow,
with date of birth. Older girls often made more elaborate
samplers which contained the Lord's Prayer or some quotation
from some distinguished author. These samplers were usually
hung on the walls of the best room beside the family portraits.
Nor should we fail to notice the old-time spelling-schools
and lyceums and singing-schools which filled up the winter
evenings of the rural districts.
The spelling-school, which was usually held once or twice
during the winter term of the district school, was often a place
of heated rivalry and did much to perfect the art of good spelling.
Not only the scholars of the same school competed with each
other, but adjoining districts frequently held spelling matches
with all the enthusiasm of the baseball and football games of
today for the championship of their own schools. I was recently
38 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
told by a schoolmate that my older sister, Deborah Lawrence,
in one of these spelling matches not only spelled down every
other contestant but every word found in the old spelling-book.
The singing-schools of those days were especial sources of
entertainment and enjoyment to old as well as young. They
were usually held in the village schoolhouse, closing in the
near-by meeting-house with a concert. The teacher as a rule
was some renowned musician from abroad, who raised the
tunes with a tuning-fork. On rare occasions the violin or
bass viol accompanied the singing, but for many years there
was a prejudice against the use of musical instruments for
sacred music. Nevertheless there was often grand harmony
in the singing. Never was the inspiration of song more keenly
felt or more warmly appreciated than when fifty or a hundred
voices rendered some of those grand old tunes in which the
parts came in with ringing melody that stirred every heart in
the audience. Who that in boyhood listened spellbound to the
music of the old-time singers will ever forget, no matter where
he has wandered or how much his ears have become cultivated
under the influence of the modern concert or opera, how his
heart was thrilled by the music of the old-time singing-school?
THE VILLAGE LYCEUM
Another source of entertainment was the village lyceum,
which in many of the villages, even of the smaller towns, was
an established institution for the winter months. It was here
in these small debating societies that many an amateur orator,
who afterwards became famous in public life, got his training
in public speaking and the art of oratory. The most profound
questions were frequently discussed by these youthful debaters,
such as "Which is the mightier, the sword or the pen.'*" or
"Which is the greater evil, pride or the love of money.'"' At
these lyceums there was usually a village paper edited by some
MAJOR STILLMAN NOYES.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 39
bright young lady, to which both sexes contributed their first
literary effusions. Here the newly fledged poet found his oppor-
tunity to climb the heights of Parnassus, and the Artemus Wards
found expression for their witticisms. And here the speeches
of Patrick Henry and Daniel Webster were declaimed with a
force and zeal which did honor to those renowned statesmen.
The young people of our day with all their social privileges,
their picnics, their musicales, their Hterary clubs, their tea
parties and other social entertainments, may look upon these
former times with a feeling of pity for the hard lot of their
grandfathers and grandmothers in the absence of all the pleasant
things that make up the life of modern society. But it is doubt-
ful if the average young person of today is having any more
real enjoyment than did his or her ancestors in the simple life of
former times. The large families of former years made up a
home Hfe of substantial pleasures that is seldom found in these
days of strenuous duries when the members of a family seldom
see much of each other except at the morning or evening meal.
And it often happened that in even the small but scattered
neighborhoods there was a social circle that furnished enter-
tainments and social enjoyments that have never been sur-
passed in later years with all the privileges and refinements of
"Our ancestors lived on bread and broth
And wooed their healthy wives in homespun cloth.
Our grandmas, nurtured to the nodding reel,
Gave our good mothers lessons on the wheel.
Though spinning did not much reduce the waist,
It made the food much sweeter to the taste.
They never once complained, as some do now,
'Our Irish girl can't cook, or milk the cow.'
Each mother taught her red-cheeked daughter,
To bake and milk and draw a pail of water.
No damsel shunned the wash-tub, broom or pail
To keep unharmed a long-grown finger nail.
They sought no gaudy dress, no hooped-out form.
But ate to live and worked to keep them warm."
Sketches and Anecdotes of Noted Men
Dr. Samuel Small came to Jay from New York state
about the beginning of the century and settled on Jay Hill,
where he commenced the practice of medicine and where he
resided until his death. He married Elisabeth Barnard of
Dixfield, who died at the home of her son, Dr. Samuel, Jr., of
Temple, aged one hundred years. Dr. Small was a man of
scholarly tastes, witty and fond of telling stones. His home,
presided over by his intelligent helpmeet, was a common resort
for the better class of the town and county. His witty sayings
were much enjoyed. He never lost the opportunity of cracking
a joke, even if it was at his own expense. At the time of the
War of 1 812 he was the medical examiner for drafted soldiers
of Oxford County. One Gilbert Winslow of LIvermore was
drafted, and having some physical disability came to see the
doctor for a certificate of exemption. It was the day of the
March town meeting. The doctor was on the common, watch-
ing a wrestling match, in which William Grose was the cham-
pion. Winslow making known his errand, the doctor turned
to him and said, "Gilbert, put Bill Grose on his back and you
shall have the exemption papers." Bill was soon put on his
back, amid the cheers of the crowd, and Winslow returned
home exempt from military duty.
The doctor was quite an oracle at the village store where
the neighbors gathered to talk up the news of the day. On
one occasion when the subject under discussion was What will
be the condition of the country a century hence?" the doctor,
springing quickly to his feet, as was his habit when he had
HON. INCREASE E. NOYES.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 41
something of importance to deliver to which he wished to
call especial attention, remarked, "I should like to live till I
am ninety-five years old, then be headed up in a cask of wine,
remain ten thousand years and then wake up and see what in
^ ^he world is doing." He was rather proud of calling
himself the laziest man in town. One time of general health
he chanced to meet the neighboring physicians of Livermore
and Canton, Doctors Bradford and Holland. They talked of
the few calls they had in their profession, and it was agreed
that the first time either of them was seen hurrying to a sick
patient he should stand treat the next time they met. Not
long after the doctor had an urgent call to Dixfield and was
seen passing Dr. Holland's, his horse on the gallop. At the
next monthly meeting the doctor was called to account. He
said he "had no practice for a long time and the old horse had
grown frisky and he was too d d lazy to hold him in and
so he let him go." In the last days of his life, after sons and
daughters had grown up and left home, though having hundreds
of dollars of uncollected bills, he was at times in straitened
circumstances. The old Vermonter, his faithful horse, had
died and the old cow had followed suit. His son, a practising
physician in Livermore, sent a boy with a cow, bidding him
leave it in the lot behind the old homestead, unknown to his
father. A few days later William went up to see how the old
folks were getting on. He found the doctor much excited
over a streak of luck that had come to him. He had found
a fine cow out in the back pasture. He thought it probable
it had strayed from a passing drove. He was about to
advertise it, but he thought it doubtful if the owner ever
called for it. After enjoying his father's elation for a while
William said, "Why, father, I sent up the cow." Quick as
a flash the doctor replied, "The Lord sent it if the devil
42 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Judge James Starr, Jr., who settled on Jay Hill in 1802,
was a prominent man in town for many years. He was town
clerk for twenty consecutive years, a justice of the peace,
and was the municipal judge of Oxford County till Jay became
a part of Franklin County. He was the first representative
to the General Court of Massachusetts from the town before
Maine became a state. He was a small man, and in early
life usually wore a pair of large round glass spectacles. On
his first appearance in the Massachusetts legislature, a certain
humorist of the press wrote, "A new star has arisen in the
East, but it can only be seen through a telescope of double
James Starr, the father of the judge, who came to live with
his son in his old age, was a soldier in the Revolution. He
was one of the minutemen near Boston at the time of the
battle of Lexington, being enrolled April 19, 1775- He was
said to have been one of the party disguised as Indians who
threw the cargo of tea from the British merchant vessel into
Boston Harbor. He probably continued in the service of the
army or navy till the close of the war. He was fond of telling
the story of his home journey. After his discharge, not being
paid off, except perhaps in Continental scrip, he was com-
pelled to beg his meals and lodgings at the farmhouses on
the way. One day he stopped at the house of a good deacon
who was entertaining his minister and family at dinner. The
minister and the soldier were seated on opposite sides of the table,
on which was placed a large platter of beans, liberally buttered
on the minister's side but without butter on his. The clergyman
after grace began to question the soldier about his adventures.
"I suppose," said the divine, "out in the West Indies where
you say you have been, they think nothing of killing a
man." "They would," said Starr, "think no more of killing
a man than I do of turning round this platter," suiting the
MAJOR MOSES STONE S HOMESTEAD.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 43
action to the words and bringing the buttered side toward
Col. Daniel Merritt came to Jay from Jonesboro, Maine,
and lived first on a farm on the south side of the Androscoggin
River, near Peterson's Rips. Afterwards he moved to Jay
Hill, where he resided till the close of his life. He was a farmer
and a large dealer in cattle, driving large droves to Brighton
market for many years. He was a prominent man in town
affairs, a shrewd politician and always a pronounced Demo-
crat; very bitter toward the abolitionists of his day, who
he declared were violators of the Constitution and disturbers
of the peace. Besides holding several town offices, he repre-
sented Franklin County in the state senate in 1842 and was
High Sheriff of the county from 1846 to 1850. He was also
inspector of beef cattle in Portland, Maine, where he
resided for a few years toward the close of his life. Notwith-
standing his rough exterior, he was a man of the kindest feelings,
a ready sympathizer with any in trouble, and of sterling integ-
rity. He was a member of the Baptist church, which he honored
and to which he gave his constant support. His death occurred
at the age of 69 years, in 1863.
The Noyes family dates back to 1086. Baron William
Des Noyes was a follower of William the Conqueror and
settled in the county of Norfolk, England, where some of his
descendants remain to this day. Nicholas Noyes, born in
England, came to this country with his brother James in
1633. Settled in Newbury, Mass.
Enoch Noyes, one of his descendants, was born in Rowley
in 1768. In the year 1790 he came to Jay. He married Betsey
E. Dascomb in 1793, and Hannah Eustis in 18 15. (See Gene-
Major Stillman Noyes, son of Enoch, was one of Jay's
most distinguished citizens. He was a large farmer, lumber
44 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
dealer and dealer in cattle. For several years he took large
droves to Brighton market. He built and operated in company
with Francis Lawrence the saw and grist mills at Jay Bridge.
He represented the town in the Maine legislature in 1850-51.
He was a member of the Star Lodge of Masons and a faithful
member of the Baptist church, giving the parsonage on Jay
Hill, which has since been removed to Jay Bridge.
Henry C. Noyes, son of Stillman, married Mary R. Coding
in 1845. He was town treasurer and collector of Jay for several
years. He afterwards moved to Portland, Maine, where he
was engaged in the carpet and furniture business. From
thence he took up his residence in Revere, Mass., and was
employed in the Hyde & Wheeler Company of North Market
Street, Boston. His death occurred in 1896.
Stillman Noyes, Jr., son of Stillman, born in 1824, married
Hester A. Hyde in 1845. For several years he was in trade in
Boston. He afterwards returned to Jay, where he kept a general
store in partnership with Seaborn Hyde.
Lewis B. Noyes, oldest son of Stillman, Jr., is now president
of the T. H. Wheeler Company, Clinton Street, Boston. (See
Walter Noyes, son of Stillman, ist, was a lieutenant in a
Maine regiment of volunteers in the Civil War and was killed
in 1864 in battle before Richmond.
Increase E. Noyes, son of Enoch, was for twenty years
president of the Metropolitan Bank, State Street, Boston.
Mr. Noyes has made a record of which the family are justly
proud. A country boy brought up on a farm, with very
limited opportunities for an education, by strict attention to
business and sterling integrity he has accumulated a com-
petence which places him high in the social scale. He has
occupied several official positions in Boston, having been a
member of the Common Council and a representative to the
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 45
General Court of Massachusetts. He is an honored member
of the Congregational church and a helper in every good and
philanthropic cause. Of the two children born to Mr. Noyes
one died young. The other son graduated from Harvard in
1895, and after graduation spent two years abroad, one year
studying in Germany and one year in France. He was one
year instructor in Harvard College. He is now devoting him-
self to literature.
In the early records of the Roxbury church are the names
of Nicholas Parker with his wife, Ann, and his two children,
Mary and Nicholas, who came to this country in 1633. The
record does not state whence he came nor where he settled.
It is probable, though we are not able to trace the descent,
that Jonathan was one of his descendants. When the Revolu-
tion broke out he owned a farm in Roxbury. He was an
ardent Whig and was not afraid to manifest his indignation
at the oppressive measures of the British ParHament against
the American colonies. An incident or two in his life will
best illustrate his political sentiments. He had occasion one
day to go into Boston after a load of manure to put upon his
farm. Adjoining the stable from which he took the dressing
was a British gun-house in which were four cannon belonging
to Paddock's company of artillery. He secreted two of these
cannon in his load of manure and carried them to Muddy
Pond Woods, near Dedham. The other two were similarly
disposed of by a Dorchester farmer, Minot by name. The
next day a battalion of redcoats searched the towns round
about Boston for the missing guns, but were not able to find
them. Two of them were recaptured by the British at the
battle of Bunker Hill, but the others may now be seen in the
chamber at the top of Bunker Hill Monument. Jonathan
Parker was also one of the disguised Indians who threw the
342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor. After the death of his
46 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
wife, in 1808, he came to Jay to live with his son Scarborough,
where he died. He came all the way from Cambridge to
Jay on horseback, his horse being the second horse owned
Scarborough Parker, one of the early settlers of Jay, was
born in Roxbury, Mass. We gather the following from the
Parker history by Millard A. Parker, A.M.
He was the son of Jonathan Parker, and spent his boyhood
days amid the thrilling scenes of the early period of the Revolu-
tion, scenes that were calculated to develop the strong elements
of character which he in after life so largely possessed. When
he began life for himself and had married Hannah Coding,
he moved from Roxbury to Cambridge, where he kept a public
inn for a few years. In 1798 he left his home in Cambridge
to take up his residence in the township of Jay. Embarking
on one of the vessels that plied between Boston and Hallo-
well, with his family, household goods and live stock, after
nearly a week's tossing about on the ocean and up the Kenne-
bec they reached Hallowell. There disembarking, he yoked
his oxen to his strong white oak cart and loading on his goods
and family, they slowly made their way over the thirty-mile
journey to Jay and took up their abode with the Stone family,
who had preceded them the previous year. He soon purchased
a farm lying north from Stone's Corner, which has ever since
been the homestead of the Parker family.
Of the numerous descendants of Scarborough Parker it is
sufficient to say that they have shown themselves worthy
to a great degree to be called by the name of their distinguished
ancestor. They have ever been the patrons of education.
More than a dozen have been graduates of colleges. Among
them several have been physicians and clergymen.
Major Moses Stone, the founder of the Stone family in Jay,
was born in Watertown, Mass., in 1777. He married Elisabeth
HON-. DEARBORN G. BEAN.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 47
Brown, whose grandfather, Joseph Coolidge, was brought
home a corpse after the battle of Lexington. In 1802 he, with
his newly married wife, embarked on a sailing vessel from
Boston for their new home in the wilderness of Maine. They
were nearly a week on the voyage to Hallowell. When they
arrived, as there was no means of conveyance, he left his wife
in Hallowell and walked to Jay, a distance of thirty miles, over
the hilly road of that day. Returning the next day with a
horse, they both rode horseback to the farm, which he had
previously purchased, the same now known as the Major
Stone homestead. Stone's Corner. He was always an active
man in town affairs. He represented the town in the General
Court of Massachusetts in 1811-12, when Maine was a province
of Massachusetts, and was a member of the Maine legislature
after Maine became a state. He was also a local Methodist
preacher and pastor of the Methodist church until its absorp-
tion by the Methodist church in Livermore Falls. Two of
his descendants have been prominent clergymen in the Metho-
Rev. Cornelius Stone, son of Major Moses Stone, died in
1866. For several years he filled important positions in the
Maine Methodist Conference, but the last year of his life set-
tled on the old Stone homestead at Stone's Corner. In 1864-65
he represented Franklin County in the Maine senate, and held
other offices in town. He married Frances C. Sylvester. They
had two children, Mary E. and Rufus C, who now lives in the
old Stone home.
Rev. Cyrus Stone, the son of Moses^, obtained his education
at Kents Hill Seminary and Bowdoin College. He held the
position as tutor in the college in 1858. He afterwards entered
the East Maine Methodist Conference and was appointed
to pastorates in Foxcroft, Dexter, Princeton and other promi-
nent places in the state. He was a ripe scholar an able
48 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
preacher and a man of the purest and noblest Christian
Rev. Otis H. Johnson was born in Minot, Maine. He came
to Jay as an apprentice to Aruna Holmes in his cabinet shop.
He married Eliza Small, daughter of Dr. Samuel Small. Soon
after his marriage he felt the Lord was calling him into his
special service, and he began to exercise his gifts in preaching
and was ordained as a Universalist minister in New Portland,
Maine. He held pastorates in Calais, Oldtown and Readfield,
and supplied as preacher in several towns in the state. He had
a very pleasing gift and manner, was of a kindly, sympathizing
disposition, and was much sought for to attend funerals. In
the last of his life he came back to the old homestead of Dr.
Small, on Jay Hill. There were four children: Abbie, Lizzie,
Marshall and Harrison O.
Rev. Americus Fuller, D.D., was born in Jay in 1834. Fitted
for college at Farmington Academy, graduated at Bowdoin
College in 1859 and at Bangor Theological Seminary in 1862.
He married Amelia Davis Gould of Wilton, in 1862, and was
called the same year to the pastorate of the Old South Congre-
gational Church of Hallowell, where he remained for four years.
His next pastorate was in Rochester, Minn., where he remained
eight years. In 1874 he was appointed a missionary, and
under the direction of the American Board of Foreign Missions
was located at Anitab, in Asiatic Turkey, remaining eight years.
On account of Mrs. Fuller's health they returned to this coun-
try, remaining two years, when they again went to Turkey,
giving two years' service at Constantinople as city missionary.
Dr. Fuller was then recalled to his first field at Anitab, and
assigned to educational work with the Central Turkey College,
of which he was chosen president at the death of Dr. Trow-
bridge in 1880. In this position he remained until constrained
by increasing infirmities of age of his wife and himself he
ELISHA KYES, ESQ.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 49
retired from the mission field in 1910. The degree of Doctor
of Divinity was conferred on him by his Alma Mater in 1889.
He was thirty-one years in the mission field. Dr. Fuller is a
ripe scholar, an eloquent preacher, and with his devoted com-
panion will long be remembered for their consecrated and
efficient services in the mission field. His present home is in
Los Gatos, California.
Joseph Lawrence, born in Sandwich, Mass., in 1769, died in
Sumner, Maine, in 1862. He lived for a time on a farm in
Wayne, but early in the century moved to Jay, near the Canton
line. He was married three times. His first wife was Joanna
Floyd, by whom he had eight children. He inherited much of
his father's love of books, of whom it is said "he was a noted
scholar for his day and a born orator." Joseph's opportunities
for an education were very limited. Late in life he gave him-
self to study, employing a lady teacher for several weeks. He
procured a small printing press and published the genealogy
of the Lawrence family back to the time of their coming to
this country from England. He also published some religious
pamphlets. He also studied medicine, and his medicines
and advice were much in demand, though he never sought a
Rev. Manasseh Lawrence, son of Joseph, born in Winthrop,
Maine, 1 801, was a man of more than ordinary gifts, a great
student of the Bible and a most interesting preacher. He was
the beloved pastor of the Baptist church in Sumner for more
than twenty-five years and was regarded as one of the noted
ministers in Oxford County.
Major Francis Lawrence, son of Joseph Lawrence, was born
in Wayne, December 29, 1799, died in Jay, April 18, 1858.
He was a natural mechanic. In early life he settled on Jay
Hill, where he carried on the business of edge-tool making.
His axes and draw-shaves were much used in the lumber
50 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
camps of Franklin County in the early thirties, and were always
in demand. Later in life he became interested in the develop-
ment of the water power at Jay Bridge in partnership with
Winslow & Noyes. He was a justice of the peace, selectman
at different times in the town, and represented the town in
the Maine legislature in 1843. He became prominent in the
Republican party, being one of the delegates that organized
the party at its first convention in Franklin County. He
was a captain of the town's company of light infantry, from
which he was promoted to major in the county regiment.
He was a member and deacon of the Baptist church, and held
the position of county commissioner in Franklin County at
the time of his death.
Rev. Benjamin F. Lawrence, A.M., son of Francis Lawrence,
was born in Jay in 1835; fitted for college at the Farmington
Academy; graduated at Waterville College, now Colby, in 1858.
Taught school for a number of years; was principal of Litch-
field Liberal Institute in 1857-58; was a student in Newton
Theological Seminary in the class of 1863, leaving the Institu-
tion to enlist in the Rhode Island 2nd Regiment. He was
married in 1862 to Belle Stewart Church, and was ordained
as a Baptist minister at Cape Neddick, Maine, the same year,
remaining there three years. He afterwards held pastorates in
Corinth, Dexter, Brunswick, Buckfield and Jefferson in Maine;
Groton, Mass., Meriden, N.H., and Pueblo, Colo.
Mary F. Lawrence, daughter of Francis Lawrence, born
in Jay, was a teacher of languages in Portland High School
for fourteen years. She married Rev. Alvah K. Gurney, a
missionary to Sibsagar, Assam, India. They have two
children, Lawrence E., Ph.D., a graduate of Colby and Chi-
cago Universities, now a professor of physics in Idaho Uni-
versity, and Bessie Keeler, who has taken up the study of
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 51
Thomas Emery Lawrence, son of Francis, was a corporal
in the 5th Maine Regiment of the Civil War, and was killed
in the battle of the Wilderness.
Isabel Lawrence, daughter of Francis, was born in Jay in
1853; graduated from Portland High School, 1865; was a grad-
uate from the Oswego Training School. She has been teacher
of principles in St. Cloud Normal School, Minnesota, since
1878. President Thomas J. Gray of the St. Cloud Normal
School says: "Miss Isabel Lawrence as a teacher of Methods
and Educational Psychology has no rival in the West.
She is strong in all her work. All mark her mind as of no
ordinary mold. The family may well be gratified in her."
Lawrence Hall, a girls' dormitory, erected by the state at a
cost of ^60,000, takes it name from Miss Lawrence.
Dr. Daniel Childs was born in Woodstock, Conn. He
received his medical education in Paris, France, 1716, and was
one of the first settlers in Jay township, residing probably in that
part of the town which later became Canton. We have not
been able to get much information concerning his history,
but one little incident told to me when a small boy shows
him to have been something of a philosopher. In that early
time, as a doctor's income was very small, doubtless the doctor's
family were often in reduced circumstances. One cold day in
autumn, the oldest boy came to his father, saying: "There is
only one stick of wood remaining in the wood pile." "Well,"
said the doctor, "that's enough to keep you warm. Go and
put it on your shoulder and bring it to me." The son did
as bid. "Now," said the father, "follow me," and he led the
way upstairs to the chamber, and opening the window, bade
him throw it out and go and get it again, repeating the pro-
cess. Then he said to the boy: "That will keep you warm."
Howland Childs, son of Dr. Daniel, was a cooper by trade,
and lived on the intervale on a small farm. He had a genial,
52 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
sunny temperament and was everybody's friend. He was
renowned for his witty sayings. When some one in his presence
called a certain neighbor a Har, he remarked that "Mr. E. was
the most unfortunate man he ever knew, for his stories never
turned out as he told them." One day in the village store,
Judge Starr, who had met with some temporary loss, said to
him: "Don't you pity me, Mr. Childs.?" "O yes, I will pity
you when it comes your turn, but I've got a great many others
to pity first." Passing some men who were working on the
bridge that was being built, he asked one of the workmen:
"Can you use the adze one hand foremost as well as the other.^"
"No," said the man, "can you.?" "Yes," said Rowland, "and
I think a little better." He was very fond of a harmless joke.
Coming to Dr. Small's one day on an errand, he brought with
him a very pretty spaniel dog. The doctor's boys were greatly
delighted with the dog and eagerly inquired its name. "Guess,"
said Uncle Howland. They guessed all sorts of names, and
becoming discouraged, they appealed to him again to tell
them its name. "Why," said he with a chuckle, "I have already
told you his name is Guess."
Dr. Albion K. P. Childs was the youngest son of Howland.
After completing his studies in a private high school on Jay
Hill, taught by Rev. Lucius Bradford, he studied medicine,
graduating from Bowdoin Medical School. He then spent
one year as assistant in a Massachusetts hospital. He then
settled at Jay Bridge, and for many years he was the only
practising physician in town.
Among the sons of Jay who have made an honorable record
for business ability, John Lewis Childs occupies a prominent
place. Mr. Childs is the son of the late Stephen Childs and
a lineal descendant of Dr. Samuel Childs, from Woodstock,
Conn., and a practising physician in its early settlement.
John Lewis in very early life developed a passion for flowers.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 53
and when but a small lad began a study of their names and
natures. Year by year his flower beds increased in size, variety
and beauty. He soon conceived the idea of cultivating flowers
for their seed and selling them, but with true business sagacity
he realized that to succeed with the enterprise he must locate
near some large place. In the year 1874, when but seventeen
years of age, he went to Long Island, N.Y., and commenced
the cultivation of flowers and the sale of seeds. From that
time on till the present, under his wise management, the
business has constantly increased, and now Floral Park has
a national reputation.
Dearborn Gorham Bean was born near Bean's Corner in
1824, and was married to Rose Ann Winslow of North Jay.
He was a successful school teacher in Jay, Wilton and Dix-
field. The larger part of his life was spent in East Wilton in
connection with the scythe factory of that place. He held many
important offices in the town and state; was an inspector of
prisons and justice of the peace. (See Bean memorials.)
Isaac West was a soldier of the Revolution. About the year
1800 he came to Jay and settled on a lot of land on the road
leading from Jay Hill to North Jay. He built for himself a
brick house in front of which was a willow tree which many now
living will remember. This place is now the town farm. This
willow tree had a unique history. West was coming from the
Kennebec one day on horseback. Passing some willows by the
roadside, he dismounted, broke off a Hmb and used it for a riding
whip. On arriving home he got off his horse at the lane lead-
ing to his house, and stuck the willow limb into the ground
near the roadside. The small branch lived and in time grew
into a beautiful spreading willow — a fitting monument of this
thrifty farmer. West was fond of telling how he revenged
himself on Baron William von Stuben, the German general
inspector of the Continental Army under General Washington.
64 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Stuben was a stern disciplinarian, and was wont to reprimand
severely any soldier who did not keep his equipment in good
condition. The guns then in use were the old flintlocks.
The baron as he examined each gun would try the flint to see
if it was securely fastened. Finding West's flint loose he
severely reprimanded him. Before the next inspection, West,
with another soldier, sat up half one night grinding down
his flint to a sharp edge, and when the baron attempted
to move it his thumb was badly lacerated. In a rage as
he detected the trick he exclaimed: "You d d rascal,"
but recovering himself, with a smile he added: "you good
A noted character in Jay was Moses Loaker, the second son
of Moses, who came to Jay from Groton, Mass., at the begin-
ning of the century and took up his abode on a small lot of
land just south of the Baptist church on Jay Hill. Moses,
Jr., was never married and had very limited opportunities
for an education, but by a wise improvement of his time and
his natural ability and taste for learning he became an accom-
plished scholar, being a successful teacher in the common
schools for many years. He was an omnivorous reader, literally
devouring every book that came within his reach. In this
way he not only possessed himself of a knowledge of a variety
of subjects but he attained a command of language and a
fluency of speech that were remarkable for his position in life.
Though like many others of his day addicted to the drink
habit, he was a most genial companion, kindhearted and ready
at all times to do a favor. He could "draw the long bow"
at pleasure, and his marvelous stories of the big fish he had
caught and the amount of honey he had taken from some
lone tree of the forest, to which he had traced the wild bees,
were great sources of entertainment as well as amusement to
those gathered at the village store. Loaker's "meat-tub" and
A. SMITH Thompson's homestead, built 191 i.
FRONT VIEW OF NEW HOME WITH OXEN.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 55
Leaker's Island, near the boys' swimming-hole, were noted
places in the boys' vocabulary.
Galen Thompson was born in Bridgeport, Conn., in 1782
and fitted for college in the Hartford Seminary, one of the
leading educational schools in New England, and delivered
the valedictory address at his graduation. He was a natural
orator and was often heard on public occasions. He settled
on a farm in the bend of the river near the Livermore line.
He married Susan Porter. Two of his enterprising sons,
Rudolphus and Loammi, carried on a large dairy business on
the old homestead for a number of years, keeping from forty
to fifty cows and enlarging the original estate by buying up
several of the adjoining farms.
Luther Reynolds was born in 1804. On attaining his majority
he married Charlotte Jackson. They settled on Macomber
Hill. They had eight children, all of whom grew to manhood
and womanhood. Austin, his oldest son, was a medical cadet
at Washington, D.C., in 1863. He commenced the practice
of medicine in Randolph, Mass., afterwards removing to East
Wilton, but for the larger part of his life has lived in Farm-
ington, Maine, where he had a large practice. He has a son, a
Congregational minister, who has held pastorates in Gorham
and other towns in New England.
Henry, son of Luther, graduated from Harvard Medical
School and was settled at East Wilton for five years and in
Auburn for eight years. For five years he was agricultural
editor of the Lewiston Journal. He came to Livermore Falls
in 1882, where he has since practised medicine.
Lauriston, youngest son of Luther, has been a Congrega-
tional clergyman, graduating from Bangor Theological Semi-
nary in 1875. He had a pastorate in Auburn, Maine, ten years;
in Yarmouth, Maine, ten years; Redfield, S.D., ten years;
and in Wessing Springs and North Belle Fourche, S.D.
56 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
The Reynolds family have done honor to their native town.
Thomas Winslow, son of Benjamin Winslow, of Livermore,
was the popular landlord of the old hotel on Jay Hill for many
years, succeeding Moses Crafts, its original proprietor. He
married Harriet Starr, the daughter of Judge Starr, and in
company with his father-in-law kept the village store in con-
nection with the tavern. He in company with Francis Law-
rence built the first sawmill at Jay Bridge, and for many years
owned the water power at Otis Falls, now operated by the
International Paper Company of Chisholm. In the year
1839-40 he moved to Hallowell, where he was the landlord of
the Eagle Hotel for many years. He subsequently purchased
a farm in East Livermore on which he lived till his death.
The numerous Kyes family of North Jay are descendants
of Ebenezer Kyes, who came at the close of the nineteenth
century to Jay from Massachusetts and settled near the granite
quarries, a large part of which was included in his original
purchase. He was an enterprising farmer and accumulated
considerable property for a farmer of his day. He was noted
for his epigrammatic speech and quick repartee. Being in
the village store one day, in making change he dropped a small
coin on the floor. As he stooped to pick it up the trader
remarked, "Mr. Kyes, if I were worth as much as you are
I wouldn't stoop to pick up a sixpence." "Just the reason
you ain't," was his quick reply. Going to the store one time
just before Thanksgiving with a small basket in his hand, he
inquired the price of eggs. "Six cents," he was told. "Isn't
that rather low.?" he asked. "We will sell all we have for that
price," was the answer, and much to the trader's chagrin
Mr. Kyes replied, "I will take them."
The sons of Ebenezer Kyes, Elisha, Solomon and Lorenzo,
all settled at North Jay and with their numerous descendants
have contributed largely to the upbuilding of that part of
HON. A. SMITH •I'llOMPSON.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 57
the town. They were large and enterprising farmers and were
prominent in all town affairs. Gustavus, son of Elisha, married
Anna Merritt, and was the first to open a general store at North
Jay, which he conducted for several years.
Major Ebenezer Kyes, son of Elisha, was born in 1842.
He fitted for college in Wilton Academy, and entered Bowdoin
College, where he graduated in the class of 18 — . At the
breaking out of the Civil War he enlisted in the 20th Regi-
ment Maine Volunteers, being promoted to rank in the 31st
and 3 2d Regiments as Brevet Major. After the close of the
war he studied law and for some years practised in Lewiston,
holding at times several official positions. He then returned
to Jay. In 1875 he was chosen to the state senate from Franklin
County. He was a member of the school board and held other
important offices. He was married to Catharine Coolidge.
Capt. Edward Richardson, from Massachusetts, came to
Jay in 1794. He was one of the minutemen who fought the
British at Concord, and afterwards served in the Continental
Army through the Revolutionary War. He settled on what
has been called the John Richardson place, in the bend of the
river. He was one of the foremost citizens of the town, a justice
of the peace, and was frequently called upon to write legal
documents and perform marriage ceremonies. At the laying
of the corner-stone of Bunker Hill Monument he and his
brother Moses were among the honored soldiers who rode in
state in the triumphal parade. His wife was Lucinda Coding.
They had four sons. John, the eldest, remained on the old
homestead, living in the large, roomy house which is still in
the family name. He was a forehanded farmer and made
the cultivating of apples and other fruits a specialty. Edward,
the second son of Captain Edward, built a home for himself
on a part of his father's estate. Two of his sons became promi-
nent merchants in Boston. Ezekiel, the third son of Captain
58 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Edward, built himself a house and store on Jay Hill, as already
The Aaron Thompson family have had a somewhat remark-
able history for business enterprise. Aaron was the son of
Alexander Thompson, who settled in East Jay in the early
history of the town. He was born in 1789 and on reaching
his majority married Avis Fuller, who was born in 1809. They
very soon after marriage made their way through the unbroken
forest afoot, by spotted trees, some miles distance from her home,
to what is now the Thompson homestead, carrying with them
a Dutch oven and frying-pan and leading a cow. They built
a cabin, and after clearing a portion of the land they planted
a nursery and commenced setting out an orchard. Many of
the trees are still alive and productive. The log cabin soon
gave place to a substantial frame building, in which the
Thompson brothers were reared. In 1891 this building was
burned. A modern house was built in 1892. This house was
burned in 191 1, and has now been replaced by one of the finest
residences in the county. Ten children were born to the
Oliver P., the eldest son, remained at home till he was twenty
years old. He then packed all his worldly goods in a bandanna
handkerchief and with a cousin of his walked to Livermore
Corner, where he took stage to Portland and embarked on a
boat for Boston. From there he walked to Sherborn, twenty
miles distant. There he hired out to a farmer for six months
at eight dollars a month. His employer was an Englishman
who was familiar with the straw industry in the old country.
He very soon commenced the straw business in Sherborn,
later transferring the business to South Framingham ana
employing Oliver as assistant or clerk. It was thus that Oliver
was started in this industry which he carried on so successfully
in South Framingham and Holliston. He afterwards went
HOMESTEAD OF NILES BROTHERS.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 59
to Iowa, where he acquired a large fortune in the banking
The Thompson brothers have all been successful in their
varied enterprises. Samuel went early to Manchester, N.H.,
where he was employed as civil engineer and overseer in one
of the large mills. From there he went to San Francisco,
where he distinguished himself by building a large gas plant
and in other municipal enterprises.
Kelsey Thompson, born in 1841, has been in California
since he left the home. For many years he was in the employ
of the government as forester. In later years he has cultivated
an orange orchard.
Gilbert has been engaged in the straw business.
Wallace first settled in Minneapolis, but after a two years'
residence went to Florida, where he has a large orange orchard.
A. Smith Thompson has always kept his residence on the
old homestead, though he is often abroad attending to business
enterprises. He is deeply interested in all town affairs and is
a prominent man in town. He enjoys his splendid home,
which is an honor to the town and a fitting memorial of the
Rev. Charles A. Hayden was born in Boston, Mass. Soon
after his birth his parents came to Jay, where his early life
was passed. Very early in life he developed a taste for learning
and a fluency of speech. When but a few years old he was
known to commit to memory long poems and deliver them at
the village school with fervid eloquence. As he grew older he
availed himself of every opportunity to acquire an education.
For several years after arriving at manhood he was a very
acceptable and pleasing public speaker. Feeling it his duty to
enter the gospel ministry, he became a student in the Boston
School for the Ministry, a school that afterwards united with
the Harvard Theological Seminary. He has been a prominent
go HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Universalist clergyman in Maine and Massachusetts for many-
years, holding pastorates in Lawrence, Mass., five years;
Gardiner, Maine, two years; Auburn, nine years; Augusta,
fourteen years. He is now in Oakland, Maine, where he has
been for four years. In his early life he married Miss Ormsbury.
They have two sons and one daughter. Dr. L. B. Hayden is a
practising physician in Livermore Falls, and Prof. Philip M.
Hayden, teacher of modern languages in Tufts College.
The Niles family was early on record in this country, the
name being first spelled Kniles. John Niles, the founder of the
family, came from Wales about 1634 and located in Bay Colony
on or near the Neponset River, now known as Dorchester.
He afterward moved to Randolph, where Veranus was born.
His father having died, the widow Niles moved to Jay, where
she afterward married Nathaniel Jackson, one of the early
settlers, who had taken up a farm near the quarries at North
Jay. In due time Veranus married Mehitable Harris, and
here were born their nine children, one dying in infancy.
Veranus, the father of the Niles brothers, was a large farmer,
an extensive dealer in cattle and real estate, and an honored
citizen of the town. Sullivan, the eldest son, remained on the
home farm till of age, when he went to Boston and worked in
Faneuil Hall Market. He afterward engaged in the packing
business, taking into company with him his brothers J. Harris
and Louville. In July 1896, this firm was merged into the
Boston Packing and Provision Company, Sullivan being made
vice-president. He was a member of the Chamber of Com-
merce. He was thrice married. He died in 1910, leaving a
J. Harris and Louville Niles, following in the footsteps of
their older brother, have been prominent merchants in Boston
and have greatly prospered in their business affairs. They are
now with their sons engaged in the brokerage business at No.
'I . r^i
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 61
60 State Street, Boston. Eugene, the younger son, is a stirring
business man in New Faneuil Hall Market, where he is showing
the same enterprise and push as his older brothers.
Silas H. and his sister. Miss Eliza have remained on the
old homestead in Jay. Mr. Niles has kept a large general store
for many years, is an extensive real estate dealer, and is the
president of the Livermore Falls Trust and Banking Company.
He has represented the town in the state legislature and is a
prominent man in all town affairs.
Miss Eliza is a leading member in the Universalist church
at North Jay and with her brothers has done very much in
promoting its interest and welfare.
The Niles family have a most honorable record for business
ability and integrity in their commercial dealings.
The Hyde family are descendants of Jonathan Hyde, who
came from England to Massachusetts in the early history of
the colonies. One of his descendants was Joseph Hyde, a
Revolutionary soldier, who came from Watertown, Mass.,
and settled in Jay on a lot of land near Stone's Corner about
the year 1800. His son Sebes remained on this farm until his
death, which occurred in 1848, at the age of seventy. He married
Rebecca Ball. They had twelve children. The two sons, Seaborn,
who was named after an ancestor born on the sea voyage to
America, and Joseph, became successful business men in Boston.
Seaborn in early life commenced trade on Jay Hill in a
country store. He very soon after began to send apples and
other produce to Boston markets. In a few years he removed
to Boston, where he commenced a commission business at
22 Market Street, taking into partnership his brother Joseph,
under the name of S. J. & J. S. Hyde. This partnership was
afterward dissolved and his son-in-law, Thomas Heber Wheeler,
and his son, S. Everett Hyde, became his partners under the
name of Hyde, Wheeler Company.
52 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
In his latter years, Seaborn Hyde withdrew from the business,
but the firm continued under the same name, and the branch
house, known as T. H. Wheeler Company, 98-101 Clinton
Street, was established, the two companies conducting a very
large business. On his retirement. Seaborn came back to Jay
and engaged in trade with Stillman Noyes, Jr. He afterward
returned to Boston. His death occurred at Revere, Mass., in
In concluding the sketches of the lives and anecdotes of those
who lived in Jay in its early history, I wish to add that there
are others who are equally worthy of mention but of whom I
have been unable to gain the proper information that would
justify me in placing their names in the history. And of those
of whom I have written I may add that in some cases failing
to obtain the facts concerning their lives and occupations I
may have failed to do them justice. But for several months I
have sought all possible means of informing myself, aided by
my own personal recollections, and I feel justified in saying
that I have written what I supposed to be facts unbiased by
SEABORN J. HYDE.
Adams, Rev. Joseph, b. 1766, d. 1844. Married Mercy Coding.
Amos, b. 1789. William G., b. 1802.
Harriet, b. 1790. Joseph, Jr., b, 1803.
Sally, b. 1792. Sally, b. 1804.
Abraham B., b. 1794, Mercy, b. 1807.
Eliza, b. 1795. Amos, b. 1809.
Joseph, b. 1797. Ellis F., b. 181 1.
Sibyl S., b. 1799. Levina, b. 1813.
John, b. 1801. Alvarus F., b. 1814.
Adams, Joseph, Jr.'. Married Arete Barrett.
Helen (married John Merritt).
Married, second, Cynthia Barrett.
Mercy (married H. O. Johnson).
Adams, Alvarus, b. 1814, d. 1881. Married Harriet B. Ross.
A. Payson Adams, b. 1844; married Hester A. Noyes. Children: Urban
P. and Grace A.
Levina, b. 1846, d. 1894.
Charles, b. 1851; married twice. Children: E. Fred, b. 1884; Arbo M.,
Alden, Rev. Joseph, a licensed minister, b. 1768, d. 185 i. Married Joan ,
who died in 1851.
Mary (married Daniel Fuller).
Lucy (married Elijah Dacey).
64 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Allen, Joshua, b. 1812, d. 1875. Married .
Mr. Allen was for many years the landlord of a noted tavern at Bean's
Allen, Stephen, b. , d. 1895. Married Sabia Ann Richardson.
Adelia, b. , d. 1870.
Howard, b. , d. .
Allen, Aaron, b. , d. 1894.
Allen, Nathaniel, b. 1805, d. 1897. Married Patience , b. 1774, d. 1850.
Axtell, John, b. 1778, d. 1858. Married Rebecca Rowell, d. 1844.
Emery. Rebecca, b. 1820.
Bean, Reuben, b. in Gilmanton, N.H., 1774, d. 1861. Married Bathsheba
Taylor of Chatham, Mass., b. 1780, d. 1838 ; married, second, Phebe
Sally Taylor, b. 1806; married Levi Eldridge.
Samuel, b. 1809; married Mrs. Sally Bean.
Joshua, b. 1812; married Lucinda Fuller; married, second, Rhoda
Chandler; married, third, Adeline Chandler.
Elias, b. 1813; married Loisa Taylor; married, second, Sarah Smith.
Sophia, b, , d. 1842.
Leonard, b. 1820; married Hattie Hardy.
Bean, James, b. in Gilmanton, N.H., 1780, d. 1862. Married Eunice Taylor,
Dearborn, b. 1803, d. 1880; married Lovina Butterfield. Children:
Isaac B., D. Gorham, Lucinda, Marsilla.
Bean, Warren', son of James, d. 1804. Married Julia Wheeler; married,
second, Mrs. Lovina B., widow of Dearborn Bean.
Sumner, b. 1806, d. 1843; married Sally Knox. Four children.
James Warren, b. 1827, d. 1901.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 65
Bean, Lewis, third son of James, b. 1808, d. 1882. Married Elsie Wheeler-
married, second, Sophia Dakin; married, third, Sally T. Blaisdell; married'
fourth, Mrs. Lydia Jordan; married, fifth, Emily Parlen.
Jerusha, b. 183 1, d. 1870; married Denis Grover.
Thomas, b. 1833; married Ellen Crockett.
Clarence, b. 1855, d. 1876.
Bean, Eunice (Taylor), b. 1810, d. 1881. Married Rodney HarviU; married
second, Calvin Pease. '
Joshua B. John E.
Oliver S. George Farr.
Bean, Melinda, b. 1815, d. 1845. Married John Kenedy.
Mary Jane. Ann Lobeide.
Bean, Susan, b. 18 17, d. 1900, Married Asa Pease.
Bean, James Moody, b. 1819, d. 1893. Married Ruth Harris Nash; married;
second, Anna Hanson. Six children.
Bean, Calista, b. 1822, d. 1875. Married Edwin M. Ward of Ohio. Six
Bean, Melvina, b. 1824, d. 1881. Married Phineas Whitney; married,
second, Jefferson Adams. Six children.
Bean, Savilla, Child, Dorcas, b. 1830; married Albion P. Fuller. He was
a soldier of the Civil War.
Bean, Jeremy, b. in Gilmanton, N.H., 1792, d. in Jay, 1835. Married Miriam
Currier of Deerfield, N.H.
Children, b. in Jay:
John Currier, b. 1804, d. 1850.
Betsey, b. 1806, d. 1837.
Salome, b. 1808, d. 1887.
Mary, b. 1810, d. 1894.
George W., b. 1813, d. 1886.
Lyman, b. 1817, d. 1862.
Jeremy Plummer, b. 1820, d. 1822.
Lucinda, b. 1824, d. 1829.
Harriet C, b. 1828.
65 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Bean, Dearborn Gorham, b. 1834, d. 18—. Married Rose Ann Winslow.
Bean, James Warren, b. 1827, d. 1901. Married Emma Proctor.
Bean, Israel. Married Betsey Paine.
Emerson Chesman. Mrs. Sylvester Hutchmson.
Brown, George Edward. Lived in East Jay.
Brown, George Edward\ Married .
Helen A. (married F. W. Hanscomb).
John A., b. 1853.
Bartlett, Ichabod. Married Margaret Look.
Bartlett, Jonathan, b. 1805, d. 1849. Married Fostina Look, b. 1808, d.
Bartlett, Josiah, d. 1854, aged 55.
Bartlett, Henry, b. 1837, d. 1874.
Bartlett, David, d. 1871, aged 71. Married Huldah Paine, d. 1885, aged 85.
Barbour, John. His parents were born in England and came to Boston in
1802. He came to Jay when about three years old; d. 1877, aged 77.
Married Abigail Haines.
Rosita, b. 1826, d. 1880.
Angeleta, b. 1829, d. 1840.
John, b. 1833.
Blaisdell, Daniel, b. 1784, d. .
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Blaisdell, Luther, b. in 1801 at Shapleigh, Me,
These brothers came to Jay in 1804 and lived on land in East Jay, now
owned by Milton Davis. They both married, and divided the land into separate
farms and built homes.
Briggs, Daniel, b. 1837, d. 1900. Married Lydia S
-, b. 1817, d. 1879.
Bryant, Timothy, d. 1863, aged 76.
Children: Two boys.
Childs, Daniel, M.D., b. 1716, in Woodstock, Conn., and settled near Canton
Point about 1800.
Rowland; married Lizzie Chandler. Children: Mrs. John Hodson,
Lyman, Dr. Albion K. P. (married Lucy Kyes), Anna H. (married
Nathan Gray), d. 1896.
68 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Jane; (married Daniel Briggs).
Lucy (married ).
Lydia (married Fuller).
Converse D. T. (married Florence Spaulding).
Crafts, Lieut. Moses, b. in Newton, Mass., 1754, d. in Jay, 1812. Married
Crafts, Nathan, son of Samuel, b. in Newton, 1770, d. in Jay, 1848. Married
Anna, daughter of William Hyde of Newton, Mass.
Sarah Ann. Eliza,
Rebecca. Two died in infancy.
Crafts, John, son of Moses, d. in Jay, 1858. Married Sally Waite.
Sarah (Kimball), b. 1807.
JohnW., b. 1811.
Mary Augusta (Phinney), b. 1814.
Julia Ann, b. 1821.
George W., b. 1825.
Crafts, Samuel', b. 1807, d. 1899. Married Susan , d. 1865, aged 61.
Married, second, Adeline , d. 1883.
Crafts, Helen, d. 1907. Married R. H. Thompson.
Carl C. Percival.
Crafts, Charles, b. 1844, d. 1898. Married Adeline B. Jones, d. 1902.
Susie A. Leroy M.
Mary B. lola M.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 69
CooLiDGE, Moses, b. 1775, d. 1885. Married Lydia , b. 1800, d. 1883
Simon, d. 1846, aged 52.
John S., b. 1800, d. 1865.
CooLiDGE, John, d. 1905, aged 82. Married Mary , d, 1869, aged 79.
CooLiDGE, Elisha, b. 1810, d. 1896. Married Celia Bradford, b, 1812, d. 1891.
Martha Eustis (married Joseph M. Meserve).
Elizabeth; died young.
Caroline M. (married Ebenezer Kyes).
Hiram B. (married Emma Leland).
Dana O. (married Ada Wesson).
CooLiDGE, Frank W. Married Antoinette Graves.
Cole, Otis, b. 1809, d. 1886.
Samuel, d. 1858, aged 80; married Anna , d. 1840, aged 62. Children:
Horace, d. 1869, aged 27; Henry, d. i860, aged 26.
Dascomb, Samuel, b. 1778, d. 1857, Married Anna Whitney.
Moody, settled in Wilton.
Dacey, Elijah. Married Mary Alden.
Day, Jonathan. Lived near Park's Pond.
Dascomb, Elbridge, d. 1852, aged 42, Married Betsey Holmes, d. 1872,
George H.; married Ellen Rich. Children: Florence M., Elizabeth and
Davenport, Elijah, b. 1773, d. in Jay, 1845. Married Mary Town, b. 1774,
d. in Jay, 1866.
Rufus, b. 1796, d. 1871; married Anna Stevens, b. 1779, d. 1869.
Samuel W., b. 1798, d. 1879; married Lovina Cole, b. 1804, d. 1870.
Jonathan B., b. 1800, d. 1872; married Lucy Stevens; married, second,
Mrs. Nancy Hood.
70 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Jotham S., b. 1803, d. 1862; married Mary H. Sinclair.
Charlotte, b. 1806, d. 1865; married Rufus Lawrence.
Janet, b. 1808, d.1836; married Oliver A. Lawrence.
George T., b. 1810, d. 1899; married Melinda Y. Paine.
Anna M., b. 1815, d. ; married Henry C. Gray.
Davenport, Samuel W., b. 1798, d. 1879. Married Lovina Cde, b. 1804,
Olive, b. 1826, d. 1864; married Libeus Leach.
Elijah B., b. 1828, d. 1864; married Ester Allen.
Levi C, b. 183 1, d. 1881; married Melinda G. Morse.
Janet, b. 1833, d. 1867.
Mary, b. 1835.
Henry B., b. 1837.
Mercy, b. 1840.
Charles, b. 1843.
Davenport, George T., b. 1810, d. 1899. Married Melinda Paine, b. 1814,
Ella M., b. 1845.
EusTis, Samuel, b. 1775, d. 1851. Married Ester , d. 1842.
He was a soldier in the Revolutionary War from Newton, Maw.
Gilbert, d. 1836.
Ester E., b. 1807, d. 1858; married Dr. Hale of Livermore.
Harriet, d. 1877; married Lewis Stacey.
John, d. in the West.
EusTis, William, b. 1768, d. in Jay, 1847. Married Anna , b. 1778, d.
EusTis, Thomas, b. 1807, d. 1891, Married Eliza A. Noyes.b. 1809, d. 1889.
EusTis, Daniel, d. 1842.
Eaton, John, b. 1819, d. 1884. Married Harriet M. Noyes, b. i8to.
John C, b. 1843, d. 1901.
Fuller, Deacon Oliver, d. 1844, aged 83. Married Polly Euatis, d. 1838,
Oliver^, b. 1793, d. 1849; married Lydia O. Boston. Children: Marshall,
Emerson, Caroline, Rawson, William F., Hannah, Winslow, Alden.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 71
Fuller, Jackson, d. 1873, aged 78. Married Mary Phinney, d. 1859.
Americus, b. 1834.
Lois A. (married Fred Wright).
Fuller, Edward, d. 1848, aged 46. Married Harriet Townsend, d. 1839.
Lucy; married Elisha Kyes; had 11 children.
Hannah; married Alden; had one child.
Fuller, Thomas, a private in the Revolutionary War. Married Eliza Paine.
Washington (married Martha R. Noyes), b. 1816; still living.
Fuller, John, Jr., b. 1819, d. 1896. Married Lucinda Richardson.
Fuller, Daniel, d. 1892. Married Mary Alden, daughter of Joseph Alden.
Fuller, Isaac, d. 1880, aged 87. Married Mary J. , d. 1908, aged 79.
Gray, Uriah H., b. 1784, d. 1843. Married Anna Davenport, b. 1787, d. 1866.
Elijah, b. 1808, d. 183 1.
Henry C, b. 1810, d. 1857; married Anna M. Davenport. Children:
George H., b. 1839, d. 1841. Elnora, b. 1841, d. 1862. Esther, b. 1867;
married F. Briggs. Osmand, b. 185 1, d. 1862.
Elias, b. 181S, d. 1852; married Ann C. Richardson. Children: Emma-
retta, Marshall L.
Nathan, b. 1838, d. 1872; married Anna H. Childs. Children: Leonard,
Emeline F., Caroline R. and Clinton F.
Daniel, b. 1820; married Flora Ludden.
72 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
AnnD.,b. 1823, d. 1871; married Samuel W.Walker. Children: Charlee
Charles, b. 1826; married Mary Davenport. Five children.
Mary M., b. 1828; married John Phillips. Six children.
Gray, Vesta, b. 183 1. Married Stephen Walker.
Ida N. Nellie M.
Anna E. Wallace.
GooDNOUGH, Jacob, d. 1870, aged 76. Married Hannah , d. 1885, aged
Olive, d. 1861, aged 37.
Grose, John, d. 1824, aged 82. Married Abbie Waterhouse, d. , aged 59.
Wesley. Mary Ann.
Grose, Reuben. Married Betsey Bartlett.
Grose, Washington, b. 1820, d. 1894. Married Elizabeth Bartlett, b. 1830,
Grose, Samuel, b. 1821, d. 1910. Married Rebecca .
Grose, Henry B.
Eunice (married Stinchfield).
Grose, Daniel, d. 1866. Married Abigail Parker, b. in Cambridge, Masi.,
Grose, William, d. 1727. Married Susannah Parker. Married, second,
Harriet S., widow of Rev. Hugh Dempsey.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 73
Gould, George H., b. 1836, d. 1905. Soldier of 29th Regiment Maine Volun-
Hanson, John, d. 1901, aged 82. Married Lydia , d. 1850, aged 33.
Married, second, Betsey Fuller, d. 1858, aged 34.
HxJMPHREY, Ebenezer. Married twice.
Henry. Emeline (married Joel Paine).
Holmes, Aruna, b. in Minot, d. in 1876, aged 79. Married Louisa S. Starr,
d. 1863, aged 66.
Albion, d. in youth.
Henry, d. 1912, aged 87.
Aruna Augustus, b. 183 1, d. in Winchester, Mass., 1908; married Eliza-
beth Richardson. One daughter.
Albion,^ still living.
Hyde, Joseph, b. in Watertown, Mass., 1749. Came to Jay among early
Hyde, Deacon Sebes, son of Joseph, b. 1778, d. 1848. Married Rebecca
Ball, b. 1780, d. 1858.
Rebecca Morris, b. 1805.
Esther, b. 1807.
Caroline A., b. 1808.
Elinor Marion, b. i8io.
Marrilla, b. 1812.
Seaborn Jackson, b. 18 14.
Mary Brown, b. 1816.
Abigail Learned, b. 18 16.
Hester Amelia, b. 1821.
Joseph Sawyer, b. 1825.
Martha Lawrence, b. 1826.
Elisabeth Diana, b. 1830.
74 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Hyde, Seaborn J., b. 1814, d. 1886. Married Esther Ann Noyes.
Ellen Elisabeth; married Thomas Heber Wheeler.
S. Everett; married Estella M. Weston.
Edward V.; married Julia Somes.
Jones, Silas, d. 1857, aged 89. Married Anna , d. 1872, aged 78.
William, b. 1799.
Silas, Jr., b. about 1800.
Ann, b. 1802.
Samuel, b. 1804.
Lorenzo, b. 1806.
Dorothy, b. 1809.
Caleb, b. 1812.
Mary, b. 1815.
Jones, Silas, Jr., b. about 1800, d. 1863. Married Jemima Kyes.
Naomi and Jemima, twins. Naomi married Rev. George Robinson,
Jemima married Emory Bradford.
Married, second, Rebecca Townsend.
Silas Emory. Rosalvin.
Married, third, Philema Bradford.
Adeline B. (married Charles Crafts).
Jones, Lorenzo, b. 1806, d. 1861. Married Arabella , b. 1819, d. 1889.
Jones, Caleb, b. 1812, d. 1868. Married Butterfield, b. 1816, d. 1890.
Jones, Silas Emory, b. 1835, d. 1898, in Livermore. Married Verlinda Brad-
ford, d. 1888.
Jones, Hiram, d. 1871, aged 71. Married Betsey Tuck, d. 1880, aged Si.
Mary Ann, b. 1826.
Albion K. P., b. 1829; married Emily Bigelow, d. 1895; married, second,
Mary Potter, d. 1901.
Harriet M. (married Otis Richardson).
Albert F. (married Jane Coding). 1
William B. y
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Jackson, Nathaniel, b. in Newton, Mass. Revolutionary War veteran,
private in Capt. Amaria Fuller's company. Went to Cambridge, 1775,
discharged 1780, and came to Jay. Purchased the farm now known as the
Niles homestead, where he died. He married Mrs. Roanna Niles.
Jackson, Samuel, b. in Newton, Mass., son of Samuel and Lois Woodward
Jackson, was born 1764 and died 1834. He was a Revolutionary soldier
in Capt. Edward Fuller's company of Newton. Enlisted in 1776. Came
to Jay at close of the war and settled on Macomber Hill. Married Comfort
Benjamin, b. 1784.
Henry, b. 1789.
Nancy, b. 1791 (married —
Elijah, b. 1795.
Samuel, b. 1797.
Abigail, b. 1799 (married —
Polly, b. 1801 (married
Charlotte, b. 1804 (married
Sarah, b. 1806.
Eliza, b. 1809 (married
Ephraim, b. 1812.
Jackson, Elijah, b. 1795, d. 1857. Married Betsey R. Macomber.
Eleanor (married Micah Ross).
Augustine (married Abbie Lamkin).
Manuel (married Sylvia R. Gleason).
Mary E. (married Nathan Clough).
Sarah (married E. F. Bumpus). Children: Frank L., Henry C, Alice M.,
Howard P., Sarah N.
Johnson, Rev. Otis, b. in Minot, d. 1885, aged 71. Married Eliza Barnard
Small, d. 1893.
Abbie. Marshall, d. 1812.
Lizzie. Harrison (married Mercy Adams).
Kyes, Ebenezer, d. 1838, aged 79. Married Gemma Jackson, d. 1842, aged
76 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Kyes, Elisha, b. 1799, d. 1872. Married Catherine Fuller, d. 1875.
Abel Jackson (married Mercy Ross).
Columbus, d. 1849.
Elisha^ (married Rachel Herron).
Lucy (married George Dickson).
Gustavus, b. 1827, d. 1849; married Anna Merritt.
Catharine (married Sulviro Merritt).
Oliver Granville (married Harriet Niles).
Edward (married Lucy Kyes).
Ebenezer^ b. 1842, d. 1888; married Caroline M. Coolidge.
Kyes, Solomon, d. 1871, aged 71. Married Rhoda Eldridge, d. 1876.
Jonathan O. (married Arilla Rowell; married, second, Julia Haskell).
Rhoda (married Dr. John Powers).
Rutillus (married Helen Lake).
Lieut. Albert F., d. at Fortress Monroe.
Three children died young.
Kyes, Lorenzo, d. 1880, aged 72. Married Lucy Powers.
Emily (married Henry Rowell.)
Adeline, d. 1880 (married A. L. Richardson, d. 1850, aged 24).
Moors, d. 1857, aged 23.
Julia R., d. 1865, aged 26.
Lucy S. (married Edward Kyes).
Mary Florence, b. 1843, d. 1879; married Lewis Packard; married, second,
Martha P. (married H. R. Dascomb).
Naomi, b. 1852, d. 1905.
George Smith, d. 1842, aged 45.
Kyes, Ebenezer^. Married Rebecca Aitel.
Lucy Ann (married Dr. A. K. P. Childs).
Naomi (married Robert Smith).
Warren (married Mary Fenderson).
K.TES, Geuma. Married Silas Jones, Jr.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 77
Kennedy, John, b. 1805, d. 1875. Married Melinda Bean, b 181 c d iSac
Children: i. • 45-
Mary Jane, b. 1835, d. 1851.
Robert (a soldier in Company K, 28th Maine Volunteers; died in service).
Lobeide Malinda, b. 1843.
Elizabeth Ann (married William Farrington York).
Keep, Francis, d. 1875. Married Catherine , d. 1882
S. Moody, b. 1837, d. 1905. Married Maria L. , b. 1825, d. 1897.
Children: Martha R., Charles Rowell, Fred Cliford, Esther May]
Lealand, Ira, d. 1871, aged 74. Married Hannah , d, 1884. aged 86
Mary, d. 1858.
Lealand, Warren, b. 1819, d. 1893. Married Martha , b. 1769, d. 1854.
Lake, John, b. 1767, d. 1834. Married Betsey , b. 1784, d. 1849.
Martha, b. i860, d. 1897.
Lamkin, Deacon Simon, b. 1808, d. 1864. Married Hannah B. , d. 1851,
Eliza (married Jonas Phinney).
Lawrence, Joseph, b. in Sandwich, Mass., 1769, d. in Sumner, 1852. Married
Noah, d. in Lexington, Me., 1852.
Abigail, d. .
Sally Francis, d. 1857.
Manasseh, d. i860.
Lawrence, Major Francis, b. 1799, d. 1857. Married Susan N. Winslow.
Susan T., b. 1827, d. 1850. Clara T., b. 1842, d. 1900.
Deborah N., b. 1829, d. 1850. Sarah B., b. 1843, b. 1867.
Melinda B., b. 1834, d. 1858. Mary F., b. 1849.
Benjamin F., b. 1835. Isabel, b. 1853.
78 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Lawrence, Peter, b. in Sandwich, Mass., 1782, d. 1871. Married Meltiah
Davenport; married, second, Eunice Felch; married, third, Sarah C.
Seth, b. 1808, d. in Weld, 1882.
Mary, b. 1811, d. 1838.
Peter, Jr., b. 1813, d. 1836.
Hannah, b. 1815, d. 1861; married Oliver Wright.
Leach, Libeus, b. 1796, d. 1819.
Leach, Linnett, d. 1886, aged 72.
Leach, Melvin, b. 1803, d. 1903.
Leach, John, d. 1864. Married Stone.
Moses, Jr. Sarah (married Basford).
Lothrop, Alanson. Married Orissa .
Look, Jonathan, b. 1798, d- 1835. Married Betsey Macomber, b. 1781,
LiNScoTT, Andrew, b. in Chesterville, 18 16, d. in Jay. Selectman several
terms; county commissioner; representative to state legislature.
Linscott, Andrew, b. 1845. Farmer and large apple dealer.
Macomber, Rev. Joseph. Came from Bridgewater, Mass., about the year
1795. Married Olive Reynolds.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 79
Macomber, Ichabod. Married Rebecca Hayden, d. 1892.
Charles L., b. 1841; married Helen M. Hanson.
Macomber, Winchester, d. 1850. Married Polly , d. 1859, aged 54.
George R., d. 1912, aged 84.
Tilson, d. 1885, aged 79; married Mary S. , d. 1887, aged 67.
Edward, d. 1885.
Sophrona, d. 1842.
Mary , d.
Rev, Benjamin, b. 1835. A Congregational minister, graduate of Bowdoin
College, pastor Second Congregational Church, Bridgton, Me.
Merritt, Daniel, b. in Jonesport, d. 1863. Married Angelina Coding, d. i860.
Edward, d. 1875.
Sulviro, d. 1893; married Catherine Kyes, d. 1899.
Anna, d. ; married Gustavus Kyes.
John, d. 1907; married Helen M. Adams. Children: Helen M., Dr. Frank
W., Mariana (Bunker), Charles E., Dr. Frank, physician and sur-
geon at Jay Bridge; Leon, Maine Central ticket office; Leona
(Clurg), Edna (Eaton), Elmer, Alice M. (Yeaton), Richard B.,
Rufus, d. in California; married Wheeler.
Warren, b. 1837.
80 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Moore, Peter, d. 1894. Married Nancy , d. 1859.
Octavia, d. 1847.
Eliza W., d. 185-.
Thomas D., d. 1867.
Mary (married Augustus M. Richardson).
Morse, John, d. 1872. Married Sally , d. 1899.
Morse, Stephen, d. 1842. Married Amanda , d. 1902.
Morse, Rev. William, d. 1887. A Baptist clergyman. Married Loisa ,
Morse, John, d. 1878. Married Julia , d. 1879.
Morse, S. R.
Mabel E. (married Clark).
Arthur B. (married Grace Adams).
Nash, Solomon. Lived in East Jay. An extensive farmer and famous for
raising large cattle.
Joseph, son of Solomon. Child: John, son of Joseph.
Nelson, Rev. Elias, b. in Middleton, Mass., 1771, d. 1848. Married Deborah
, d. 1863.
Lot P. (married Caroline Starr, d. i860).
Manning Nelson (Hved in Bridgton).
Mary (married Lyman Radcliffe).
Nelson, Lot P. Married Caroline Starr.
Nelson, Abner. Married Joanna , d. 1834.
Niles, Veranu, b. 1812, d. 1893. Came to Jay from Randolph, Mass. Mar-
ried Mehitable Harris, b. 1805, d. 1893.
Nine children. Eight grew to maturity.
Eunice, b. 1830, d. 1895.
Sullivan, b. 183 1, d. 1910; married Abbie Stone.
Eliza, b. 1836.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 81
Harriet, b. 1837.
Louville v., b. 1839.
J. Harris, b. 1836.
Silas H., b. 1845. Representative to state legislature 1894-95.
R. N. Jackson, d. 1846.
Eugene M., b. 1847.
NoYES, Enoch, b. in Rowley, Mass., 1768; came to Jay in 1790; d. 1856.
Married Betsey E. Dascomb in 1793. Married, second, Hannah Eustis in
Thirteen children, born in Jay:
Polly, b. 1792; married George H. Strout; married, second, Oscar B.
Brann; Polly, d. 1866.
Enoch^, b. 1793 (married Betsey Eldridge), d. 1887.
Stillman, b. 1794 (married Eliza Crafts), d. 1871.
Cynthia, b. 1796 (married Samuel Bean), d. 1868.
Sally B., b. 1800 (married Arthur Pratt), d. 1889.
Lucinda, b. 1802 (married Joseph Parker), d. 1855.
Nathaniel, b. 1804, d. 1878; married Elizabeth Alden; married, second,
Eliza, b. 1809 (married Thomas Eustis), d. 1889.
George N., b. 1812, d. 1883; married Sarah Foster, 1839; married,
second, Mary Pruden, 1848; married, third, Abbie S. Taylor, 1849.
Martha R., b. 1816 (married Washington Fuller), still living.
Jane T, b. 1818 (married John H. Richardson), 1842.
Harriet N., b. 1820 (married John Eaton), still living.
Frances O., b. 1822 (married William W. Nichols), 1852.
NoYES, Enoch, Jr., b. 1793, d. 1856. Married Hannah Eldridge, d. 1857.
William. E. Lincoln.
John (drowned in 1850). Martha.
NoYES, Major Stillman, son of Enoch and Betsey E. Dascomb Noyes, b.
1794, d. 1871. Married Eliza Crafts, 1819.
Henry C, b. 1820, d. 1896; married Mercy Coding.
Esther A., b. 1822, d. 1895; married Seaborn J. Hyde.
Stillman, b. 1824, d. 1897; married Hester Amelia Hyde.
Gibbs E., b. 1827, d. 1894; married Esther M. Warner.
Ellen E., b. 1833, d. 1849.
Walter F., b. 1840, d. 1865. Killed in battle before Richmond, aged 25.
82 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Notes, Stillman, Jr., b. 1824, d. 1897. Married Hester A. Hyde.
Eight children. Two died in infancy.
Lewis B. (married Marthaett Dadmon; living in Boston. One daughter).
Hester A., b. 1850; married Alvarus P. Adams. Two children: one son, one
daughter, Arbo, Grace.
Stillman L., b. 1852; married Maria Stanners, 1875; living in Boston.
Alfred H., b. 1858; married Nellie Harper; living in Chicago. Four
daughters, one son.
Eliza R., b. 1862; married Franklin Noyes, 1883; living in Massa-
chusetts. One son, one daughter.
W. H., b. i860; married Jennie S. Perley. One son.
Osgood, Stephen, b. 1814, d. 1835. Married Joan , b. 1814, d. 1899.
PuRRiNGTON, IsAAC. Married Rebecca Chesley.
PuRRiNGTON, H. B. Married Margaret L. Bartlett.
Arthur H. Floyd E.
Bessie M. Fostina.
Paine, Thatcher. Came to Jay about 1802, from Cape Cod, d. 1828. Married
Huldah , d. 1839.
Thatcher. Mary (unmarried; d. 1851).
Paine, Thomas, the plowmaker, d. 1852. Married Mehitable Bartlett, d. 1821.
Paine, Sylvanus, d. 1858. Married Lura Leach, d. 1835. Married, second,
Oliver L. Solomon.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Paine, Thatcher^ d. 1855. Married Rebecca Harding, d. 1845.
Thomas H. Louisa.
Paine, Solomon, d. 1858. Married Sallie Dascomb.
George. Sarah Ann.
Paine, Eliza. Married Thomas Fuller.
Married Israel Bean.
Thomas Paine's Children and Grandchildren
Bethuel (married and went west).
Married David Bartlett.
Married Moses Lombard.
Two children died in infancy.
84 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Sylvanus Paine's Children
Paine, Oliver L. Married Sallie Humphrey.
Paine, Joel. Married Evaline Humphrey.
Paine, Solomon. Married Clarissa Quimby.
Thatcher Paine's Children
Paine, Thomas H., d. 1859. Married Irene Conant, d. 1885.
Paine, Oliver^. Married Eliza Harding of Unity.
Paine, Ephraim, d. 1861. Married Temperance Ludden, d. 187*.
Paine, Thankful. Married Mr. Cram. Five children.
Paine, Louisa. Married Sylvanus Treat. Two children.
Paine, Rebecca. Married Mr. Hogins.
Paine, Lucinda. Married Mr. Bacon. Two boys.
Paine, Malinda. Married George T. Davenport.
Paine, Lura. Unmarried.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 85
Solomon Paine's Children and Grandchildren
Paine, George. Married Fannie Strout.
Paine, Ira. Married Aura Daley. Four children.
Paine, Sarah. Married .
Paine, Charles. Drowned in Androscoggin River when a young man.
Children and Grandchildren of Oliver^
Paine, Willard. Married Harriet .
Paine, Orlando. Unmarried.
Paine, Ambrose. Married Louisa McLaughlin. No children.
Married Sidney Blaisdell.
of Oliver L.
Parker, Scarborough, b. 1767, d. 1814. Married Hannah Coding.
Hannah B., b. 1796; married William Sylvester.
Susannah, b. 1797; married William Grose.
Joel, b. 1799; married Lucinda Noyes.
Henry, b. 1801; married Nancy Tuck.
Jonathan, b. 1802.
Abigail, b. 1804; married Daniel Grose.
Cyrus, b. 1805; married Harriet Norton.
Rhoda, b. 1808; married Jonathan Pike.
Harriet, b. 18 10; married Moses Stone.
Amos, b. 181 1 ; married Sarah Rich.
For further genealogy see Parker Memorial by Millard A. Parker.
86 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Phinney, Peltiah, d. 1840. Married Hannah, , d. 1821.
Phinney, Ithamar, d. 1840, aged 75. Married Anne , d. 1832, aged 31.
Married, second, Anne , d. 1840, aged 69.
Lois, d. 1821, aged 23. Levi, d. 1831, aged 28.
Phinney, Jonas, d. 1863, aged 50. Married Eliza Lamkin, d. 1845, aged 32.
Married, second, Mary Crafts.
Major, d. 1859, aged 27. Ezra.
Carrie, d. 1863, aged 45. Anna.
Phinney, Enos, d. 1885. Married Sarah H. Fuller.
Nahum (married Olive Richardson).
Pierce, Nathaniel. Came from Cape Cod; d. 1878, aged 86. Married Lenora
, d. 1897, aged 79.
Pike, Nelson, b. 1829, d. 1888. Married Harriet , b. 1826, d. 1896.
Povi^ERS, Moses, d. 1862, aged 95. Married Mary , d. 1872, aged 86.
Powers, John, b. 1821, d. 1881.
Powers, Moses, b. 1858, d. 1892.
Powers, Henry F., d. 1847. Married Martha Warner, d. 1891.
Reynolds, Luther, b. 1804, d . Married Charlotte R. Jackson, b. 1807.
Austen, physician, b. 1830.
George A. and William F., b. 183 1.
BaHsta, b. 1833.
Eliza, b. 1835.
Orrin A., b. 1838.
Rhoda, b. 1840.
Henry, physician, b. 1843.
Rev. Lauriston, b. 1846.
Rich, Isaiah, d. 1832. Married , d. 1839.
Rich, Edward, d. 1852, aged 75. Married Sarah Bartlett, d. 1857, aged 76.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 87
Rich, David D., d. 1877, aged 78. Married Sallie Brown, d. 1852, aged 50.
Rich, Jonathan, d. 1870, aged 40. Married Adella Buck, b. 1820, d. 1908.
RiGGS, Alfred J., d. i860. Married Sarah , d. i860.
RiGGS, Lawson, d. 1709. Married Dorcas B. .
Richardson, Captain Edward, Esq., d. 1834, aged 75. Married Annie ,
d. 1826, aged 76.
John, d. 1872, aged 96. Samuel.
Richardson, John, d. 1872, aged 96. Married Eunice , d. 1856, aged 68.
Ruth, d. 1847, aged 37.
John H., d. 1884, aged 70; married Jane , d. 1883.
Martha, d. 1823, aged 28.
Mary W., d. 1843, aged 21.
Wesley, d. 1888, aged 60; married Annis Buck, d. 1895, aged 68. Children:
Richardson, Jonathan, son of John, d. 1870, aged 40. Married Adeline Buck,
b. 1820, d. 1908.
Richardson, Edward^, d. 1852, aged 75. Married Sarah B. , d. 1852, aged
David, d. 1879. George.
Sally B. Josiah.
Richardson, Ezekiel, d. 1850. Married Elizabeth Winter Leach.
Victor Monroe, d. 1889; married Mary Jones, d. 1889. Children: Anna;
married Marshal Gray. Clarence.
Abble (married Lawyer Evans).
Elizabeth (married Augustus Aruna Holmes). One daughter. Lived in
88 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Richardson, Deacon Willis, d. 1882. Married Jeanette B. .
jjenry. Olive (married Nahum Phinaey).
Richardson, Henry. Married Nettie Noble. Married, second, Vesta L.
Olive. Amanda (married T. Bryant).
Richardson, Alvin, brother of Deacon Willis, b. 1811, d. 1895. Married
Eliza Kyes, d. 1875.
Osmon. Sergeant Company E, 32d Regiment, Maine Volunteers. Died of
wounds in the battle of Cold Harbor.
Richardson, John, d. 1830, aged 81. Married Marilla , d. 1857, aged 40.
Ridley, Jonathan, b. 1800, d. 1886. Married Louisa Marston, b. 1806,
Benjamin, b. 1837, d. 1868.
Ross, MiCAH, d. 1875. Married Elizabeth , d. 1845.
Harriet B. (married Alvarus Adams).
Rollins, Stephen, d. 1851, aged 76. Married Sarah , d. 1832, aged 56.
Rowell, Captain Daniel, d. 1834. Married Patty Walton, d. 1863.
Patty (married Ebenezer Eaton).
John (married Emeline Axtell; married, second, Mary Fellows).
Hannah (married Ira Leland).
Salisbury (married Elinor Butterfield).
Rose A. (married Franklin Winslow).
RowELL, Daniel-, d. 1871, aged 68. Married Mary French, d. 1864, aged 63.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 89
RowELL, JoHN^. Married Emeline Axtell; married, second, Mary Fellows.
Ansill (married J. O. Kyes).
Henry (married Emily Kyes).
RowELL, Patty. Married Ebenezer Eaton. Children: John, David P.
RowELL, Hannah. Married Ira Leland.
Charles. Rose Ann^ b. 1836.
Small, Dr. Samuel, d. 1869, aged 84. Married Elisabeth Barnard of Dix-
field, d. in Temple, aged 100 years.
Dr. William, a physician in Livermore.
Dr. Harrison, physician in East Pittston, d. in Gardiner, Me.
Mary Ann; married William Morse; died in Taunton, Mass.
Eliza B. (married Rev. Otis Johnson).
Starr, James, Revolutionary soldier, b. 1740, d. 1830.
Starr, James, Jr., Esq., b. 1777, d. 1865, aged 88. Married Louisa Leach;
married, second, Bradford.
Louisa (married Aruna Holmes).
Harriet (married Thomas Winslow).
Caroline (married Lot P. Nelson).
Stubbs, William, d. 1813, aged 37.
Stubbs, Abner, d. 1841, aged 31.
Stone, Major Moses, b. in Watertown, Mass., 1777. Married Elisabeth
Moses, Jr., b. 1808, d. 1891; married Harriet Parker. Children: Cyrus,
Moses', Laurette, Emerson, Asaph, George W., Abbie, Frank P.
90 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
Stone, Aaron. Married Matilda Bryant.
Stone, Rev. Cornelius, b. 1817, d. 1866. Married Frances Sylvester.
Rufus (married Elisabeth Pettingill).
Stone, Rev. Cyrus, son of Moses^ b. 1837, d. in Hallowell in 1889. Graduated
from Bowdoin College 1857. Made D.D. by Wesleyan University in 1874.
Settlements in Foxcroft, Dexter, Bucksport, Bangor, First Church, and
Grace, Farmington, Hallowell. President of East Maine Methodist
Strout, Joshua, b. 1788, d. 1874. Married Helen Crafts, b. 1793, d. 1871.
John Franklin, b. 1822, d. 1908. Child: Howard E., b. 18— d. 1905.
Strout, George H., brother of Joshua, d. 1856. Married Polly Noyes, d. 1856.
Lyman. Mary, d. 1851.
Strout, Eldridge, d. 1856.
Taylor, Samuel, early settler at Bean's Corner, b. 1815 (son of Rufus), d. 1842.
Married Rhoda Chandler.
Taylor, Deacon Rufus, a deacon of First Baptist church since 1856. Married
Townsend, Reuben, d. 1865. Married Hester Wright, b. 1810, d. 1894.
Thompson, Galen, b. in Bridgeport, Conn., 1782, d. 1871. Married Susan
Porter, d. 1808; married, second, Fanny Marble, d. 1864.
Child, first wife:
Susan Porter, b. 1807; married Solomon Beals.
Children, second wife:
Fanny M., b. 1810, d. 1847.
Galen M., b. 1812; married Myrtella Harlow.
Alonzo B. (married Mary P. Dolly).
Cephas, b. 1816, d. 1838.
Loammi, b. 1817; married Laura J. Dolly.
Rudolphus R., b. 1825; married Abbie Wadsworth.
Don Carlos d'Vaudville, b. 1888; married Elmira Atwood.
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 91
Thompson, Aaron, son of Alexander Thompson, b. 1789. Married Avis
Fuller, b. 1809.
Oliver P., b. 1823; married Joanna C. Peirce.
Alexander, b. 1825, d. 191 1; married Sylvia Russell; married, second,
Urana, b. 1827; married William Wetherbee.
Elias, b. 1829; married Mary A. Moulton.
Rosilla, b. 1832; married Samuel Gowel. Child: Frank A.
Samuel M., b. 1833; married Abbie Moulton; married, second, Vesta
Gilbert L., b. 1835; married Emma Loaker. Children: Maggie, Louise.
Aaron S., b. 1839; married Alvista Hardy.
Willard Kelsey, b. 1841,
Wallace, b. 1846; married Augusta A. Conant. Children: Lillie, Eva,
Thompson, Alexander. Married Elisabeth Ham.
Captain James (married Ingram).
Thompson, Alexander^. Married Mary Wadsworth.
C. Jonas. Abiguil.
David. Mary Ann.
Mark L. Salinda.
Thompson, Ira, d. 1862, aged 65. Married Edna Morse, d. 1821, aged 74.
Rufus W. Manuel T.
Warner, Nathan E., b. 181 1, d. 1888.
Warner, John W., d. 1873. Married Martha , d. 1858.
92 HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE
West, Ebenezer, d. 183 1, aged 91. Married Jane , d. 1861, aged 75.
West, Isaac, Revolutionary soldier, d. 1839, aged 81.
West, Henry, d. 1837, aged 25. Married Mary M , d. 1844, aged 34.
Webber, John, d, 1880, aged 89. Married Hannah West, d. 1854, aged 70.
Came from Shapleigh. Married, second. Experience , d. 1880, aged 81.
Webber, John, Jr.^, d. 1872, aged 54. Married .
Hannah, d, 1856, aged 20. Edmond L.
Charles H. Lizzie.
Webber, Fred A. Married Maud A. Verrill.
Marjorie. Clyde M.
White, Joel, b. 1793, d. 1866.
Whitney, Mary, d. 1886, aged 84.
WiNSLOW, Thomas, b. in Freetown, Mass. Married Harriet Starr. Kept a
hotel on Jay Hill, afterwards in Hallowell; d. at East Livermore, 1862.
WiNSLow, Franklin, d. 1842. Married Rose Ann Rowell.
Elizabeth (married Johnson); Rose Ann (married D. Gorham Bean);,
HISTORY OF JAY, MAINE 93
Wright, Oliver, d. 1851, aged 81. Married Sarah , d. 1862. aged So
Child: ' e y
Oliver, Jr., d. 1845, aged 45. Married Hannah Lawrence, d. 1861, aged 46.
Child: Reuben, d. 1885, aged 84; married Sarah Putnam, d. 1892, aged 86.
Children: Frederick W., b. 1830, d. 1903; married Lois A. Fuller.
Arvilla, b. 1832; married Noiel Hoyt. Melvina, b. 1834; married
William Butterfield. Augusta, b. 1839, d. 1865; married SuUivan Niles.
James S., b. 1844; married Hannah Woodbury. Emery V., b. 1846, d.
1906. Silas L., b. 1848; married Longena Harlow. Reuben^ b. 185 1;
married Lucinda Greenleaf.
Wright, Jonathan, b. , d. . Married Rhoda Searles.
George E. Sarah.
Wright, Thomas^, d. 1871. Married Susan , d. 1880.
Wright, THOMAS^ b. 1738, d. 1808. Married Betsey , b. 1779, d. 1822.
Sally (married Jacob Townsend).
Olivia (married Reuben Townsend).
Young, E. Craig, b. 1802. Married Charlotte , d. 187-, aged 68.
Yetton, , b. 1828, d. 1880.
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