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From the Earliest Settlements to the Present Time 
including much Valuable Information for the use of 


Published By 

James J, Hauser. 





Entered according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1901. 


In the OflSce of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C. 

All rights reserved. 







CHAPTER I.— Treaties with the Indians. First purchase of land from 
the Indians. Second and third purchases. Walking purchase. 
William Markham, William Penn, James Steel, Edward Mar- 
shall, James Yeates, Solomon Jennings, Timothy Smith, John 
Chapman, Maughanghein. n 

CHAPTER II. — The first white men, traders, Seneca Indians, Delaware 

Indians. i4 

CHAPTER III— Indian raids. Braddock's defeat. Pontiac. Massacre 
of Gnadenhutten. Whitehall Massacres. John J. Mickley, Hans 
Snyder, Zachary, J. N. Wethehold, Margaret Frantz, Deschler's 
Fort. i6 

CHAPTER IV.— The First White Settlers. Germany. Switzerland. 

Henry Harbough. Holidays. 21 

CHAPTER V. Flying Camp. Wagon brigade. General Hospital. 
Bethlehem. Allentown. Friess Rebellion. War of 1812, Civil 
War 1861 to 1865. Spanish American War. 26 

CHAPTER VI.— Internal Improvements, Canal, Railroads, Furnaces, 

Factories, Founderies. 33 

CHAPTER VII.— First Schools, Dillingersville, Emaus, Egypt, Centre- 
ville. New Tripoli, Allentown, Balliettsville, Free School 
System. 34 

CHAPTER VIII — Soil, animals, mountain and hills, rivers and creeks, 

botany, trees. Religious denominiation. 36 

CHAPTER IX— Geography of the Township. Population, soil, indus- 
tries, villages. Old landmarks. Education. 38 

CHAPTER X.— Countyseat and Boroughs. Industries, newspapers, 

education, denominations, history. 50 

CHAPTER XI.— Duties of the County Officers, Township Officers, Bor- 
ough and City Officers. •'^7 

CHAPTER XII— Civil list.- Members of Congress, State Senators, 
Members of House of Representatives, Judges, Associate Judges, 
County Superintendents of Schools, Allentown City Superinten- 
dents of Schools, Sheriffs, Prothonotaries, Recorders of Deeds, 
Registers of Wills, Clerks of Court of Quarter Sessions, Clerks 
of Orphans' Court, Coroners, Treasurers, Surveyors, Commis- 
sioners, Clerks of the County Commissioners, Auditors, District 
Attorneys, Justices of the Peace, 63 

CHAPTER XIII.— List of Soldiers furnished by Lehigh County. French 
and Indian War. Revolutionary War. Warofi8i2. Mexican 
War. Civil War. Hispanio-American War. 7° 

CHAPTER XIV.— Post Offices, Attorneys, Physicians, Eminent Divines 
Teachers, Population of Pennsylvania, Lehigh County, Gover- 
nors of Pennsylvania, Township Populations. 1 lo 

CHAPTER XV.— Early Churches and Settlers. 106 

School Statistics for 1901. 117 

Population from 1820 to 1900. 118 

Governors of Pennsylvania from 1790 to 1903. 119 

Valuation of Lehigh County. 120 

Lehigh County's Debt. Lehigh Coiinty as a Manufacturing 

Centre, 121 



It is both interesting and instructive to study the history of our fathers, 
to fully understand through what difficulties, obstacles, toils and trials they went 
to plant settlements which struggled up to a position of wealth and prosperity. 

These accounts of our county have been written so as to bring before 
every youth and citizen of our county, an account of the growth of the popula- 
tion, its resources, the upbuilding of the institutions that give character and sta- 
bility to the county. 

It has been made as concise as possible, and everything which was thought 
to be of any value to the youth and citizen, has been presented as best as it could 
be under the circumstances with the hope that by perusing its pages, many facts 
of interest can be gathered that will be of use in future years. 

Hoping that any shortcomings of the work will be kindly overlooked by 
a generous public. 

It is now presented to the public for its careful perusal and we hope that 
the youth of our county will be benefitted thereby, and that the teachers of our 
public schools will find much valuable aid which the author has tried to gather 
while engaged in the schoolroom, and that by perusing its pages the grand prin- 
ciple of patriotism and love of country will be instilled into the minds of our 

In preparing this work I acknowledge the assistance of aid given by 
Profs. Alvin Rupp, the County Superintendent of vSchools, J. O. Knauss, of the 
Department of Public Instruction, Mr. Clinton A. Mohr of the Emaus Times, 
Mr. Steltz and others. 

This volume is now dedicated to the teachers, pupils and fellow citizens 
of Lehigh County, Pennsylvania. 

Emaus, Penna,, May ii, 1901. J. J. Hauser. 


This new edition has been thoroughly revised and largely rewritten. 
Every effort has been made to profit by the suggestions and friendly criticisms of 
many friends, to all of whom the author is greatly indebted. 

Great pains have been taken to correct all errors in statements of fact, 
dates and references. The aim of this work is to give the main facts of the his- 
tory of our County, clearly, accurately and impartially. To give the people a 
short but concise record of all that is of interest to the general public. 

The author acknowledges the valuable aid and suggestions in the revision 
of this work to Rev. Dr. A. R. Home, Supt. Alvin Rupp, Hons. J. F. Moyer, J. 
W. Mayne, Harry G. Stiles, Mr. David Miller of The Morning Call, Mr. Daniel 
F. lyciby and others. James J. Hauser. 

Ai,i,ENTowN, Pa., May i, 1902. 



LEHIGH COUNTY embraces the beautiful Kittatinny Valley, lying between 
the Lehigh or South Mountains on the South and Blue Mountains on the 
north. It is dotted with thriving towns and villages, fertile fields, running 
streams of water flowing through every part of the valley, making the soil very 
productive, also part of the beautiful and romantic Lehigh Valley stretching 
along the Lehigh River, and the fertile Saucon Valley south of the Lehigh or 
South Mountains. The advent of the white settler and his adventures with the 
Indians are full of incidents and hairbreadth escapes, showing at a glance that 
our forefathers had to undergo the same trials and cares as his western friend had 
in building up the country. The Aborigines or Indians, living in what is now 
Lehigh County, where the Minsies or Delaware tribe of Indians, who were the 
owners of our beautiful Lehigh County. It was undoubtedly included in the 
second purchase of land from the Indians. It will perhaps be of interest to the 
reader to know the different purchases and what was acquired at each. 

The first purchase of land was made in 1682 by William Markham, Dep- 
uty Governor of the colony, before the arrival of Penn, which included the coun- 
try between the Neshaminy Creek and Delaware River to Wrightstown and Upper 

The second and third purchases were made by William Penn himself and 
included the land along the Pahkehoma (Perkiomen). In 1686, it is claimed an- 
other treaty was made with the Indians, but no copy of the treaty is known to 
exist. The treaty of 1684 was rn.ade by William Penn and Maughaugsin (Macun- 
gie), the leading chief of the Delawires, and was for a consideration of two 
Matchcoats, four pair of Stoc cings and four bottles of Sider. The Indian deed is 
as follows : 

" Upon my own desire -and free offer. I, Maughaughsin, in consideration 
of two Matchcoats, four pair of Stockings and four bottles of Sider, do hereby 
grant, make over all my land upon the Pahkehoma. to William Penn, Propr. 
and Govern'r of Pennsylvania and territories, his heirs and Assignees forever, 
with which I own myself satisfied and promise never to molest any Christian so 
call d yt shall seat thereon by his orders. 

Witness my hand and seal at Philadelphia ye third day day of ye fourth 
month 1684. 

The mark of Maughaughsin. 

Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of us, 

Philip Thomas Lehman, Thomas Holmes, John Davers, George Emlin.' 

The Indians removed beyond the Blue Mountains, only a few remaining 
on their old hunting grounds, the beautiful Kittatinny Valley. 

The purchase of 1686 was said to include all the land beginning at the 
line of the former purchases to as far northwest as a man could ride in two days, 
but as no copy of the treaty was preserved, the claim was disputed by the Indians, 
and the purchase was imdecided, but settlers began to flock into the new region 
which they supposed had been purchased from the Indiams, who believed that 
their rights were being encroached upon. They held several meetings with the 
proprietors of the colony to fix definitely the limits of the ceded territory. 

The first meeting was held in Durham, several miles below Easton, 1734. 
The second meeting was held at Pennsbury, 1735, and the last meeting was held 
at Philadelphia, which resulted in an agreement that the treaty of 1686 should be 
followed, and the purchase should be repeated in a novel way, namely, the colony 
of Pennsylvania should receive as much land as was included in a line drawn 
northwest from a point at Wrightstown as far as a man could walk in a day and 
a half . This treaty is known as the "Walking purchase." Subsequent to the 
treaty, the proprietors caused a trial walk to be made to ascertain what amount of 
land could be obtained ; this trial walk was made in April, 1735, and the trees 
along the route were blazed so that the parties engaged in making the walk, de- 
ciding the ownership of the land, would have the advantage of a marked pathway. 
So when the treaty was signed August 25th, 1737, the Receiver General of the 
colony, James Steel, secured the man who had endured in the trial walk. Ed- 
ward Marshal, James Yeates and Solomon Jennings, were selected, all noted for 
their power of endurance. The sheriff of Bucks County, Timothj' Smith, and 
John Chapman, the surveyor, accompanied the three walkers, provided their 
meals, etc. The time set for the walk, according to the treaty, was September 
12th, 1737, but was postponed until September 19th. It had been agreed that the 
Indians should send some of their young men along to see that the walk was 
fairly made. The compensation of each of the walkers was five pounds in money 
and five hundred acres of land. The point of starting was at a large chestnut 
tree near the fork of the Pennsville and Durham roads at the meeting house in 
Washington, Bucks County, very close to the Markham purchase. The three 
walkers stood close to the tree, their hands resting upon it, and as the sun rose, 
Sheriff Smith gave the signal for starting. The route was as straight as it possibly 
could be, on account of the ground and obstructions in the way, it led along the 
Durham road. Yeates led the way with an easy step, followed by Jennings with 
two Indian walkers who were followed by Marshall, at a distance, swinging 
a hatchet and walking with an easy and careless step. In two and a-half hours 
they reached Red Hill, Bedminster township, where they took dinner with Wil- 
son, the Indian trader. Durham Creek, where the old furnace stood, was fol- 
lowed and they crossed the Lehigh River a mile below Bethlehem at Jones Island, 
and from this place they passed to the Blue ridge at Smith Gap, Moore township, 
Northampton County, and they slept at night on the northern side of the moun- 
tain. At sunrise the next morning they resumed their journey and concluded 
their walk at noon. Marshall alone held out and throwing himself upon the 
ground, grasped a small tree which was marked as the end of the line. Jennings 
was the first to give out about two miles north of Tohickon, but he straggled 
along until the Lehigh River was reached. 

He left them there, and went to his home on what is now the Geissinger 
farm, a few miles north of Bethlehem, which is now in Salisbury township, 
where he lived for twenty years after. He was a famous hunter and woodsman. 


One of his sons, John Jennings, was sheriff of Northampton County from 1762 to 

Yeates gave out at the foot of the mountain on the morning of the second 
day, when he was picked up he was nearly blind and died three days after, 
while Marshall the champion walker was not the least injured by exertion, lived 
to be seventy-nine years old, and died in Tinicum, Bucks County. Walking Pur- 
chase, the Indians said was " No sit down to smoke, no shoot squirrel, but lun 
lun, lun all day long." 

Marshall received 5^ and five hundred acres of land in Monroe County, 
near Stroudsburg. 

The Indians were disgusted with the walk, and frequently said to the 
walkers that they should not run and they were so disgusted with the walk, that 
they left before it was completed. The distance traveled was 61^ miles. When 
the end of tlie line had been reached in a northwest direction, it still had to be 
run to the Delaware River, which made another disagreement between the Pro- 
prietors and the Indians. The Indians thought that the line should be drawn 
straight to the river from the nearest point, instead they ran the line at right 
angles reaching the river at the Laxawaxen, taking in about twice as much ter- 
ritory as the other way. The survey embraced nearly all the land between the 
forks of the Delaware and Lehigh Rivers, including all the land south of the 
Blue Mountains, comprising 500,000 acres of land. 

The Receiver General, James Steel, wrote to a friend of his, in 1737, 
said that it took four days to walk from the upper end of the "Long Walk" 
(day and a-half,) and that very little good land for settlement was to be seen. 

This walking purchase, as it was called, gave a great deal of dissatisfac- 
tion to the Indians, and was one of the principle causes of the council held in 
Easton, in 1756, where it was ably discussed. The complaint of the Indians was 
ist. That the walkers walked too fast. 2d, That the walkers should have 
stopped to shoot game and smoke. 3d, That they should have walked as they 
do when on a hunt. 4th, That the line was not drawn to the river as it should 
have been drawn. 5th, They claimed the line should have been drawn from the 
nearest point to the river. 6th, They accused the Proprietors of trickery and 

Whether true or not, the "Walking purchase" drew upon the Proprie- 
tors the hatred of the Indians and was the beginning of a feeling which was 
fanned into stirring events a generation later, creating great havoc among the 
settlers in the region now composed of the counties of Lehigh, Northampton 
and Carbon. 




LEHIGH COUNTY was a part of Bucks County, hence was a part of one of 
the three original counties established in 1682. Its first settlers were for 
the most part settlers who pushed northward from the older parts of the 
county. The word Lehigh or Lechaweki is the Indian name for the river and 
the German settlers left away the latter part of the word and called it " Lecha." 
The word means where the way makes a fork. The Lehigh was at first called the 
west branch of the Delaware. 

Lehigh (Lecha) Valley is a part of the great Kittatinny Valley, which 
extends from Lake Champlain on the north, to the Mississippi River in Tennesse 
in the southwest. The boundaries of the Kittatinny Valley are the Blue Moun- 
tains on the north, and on the south the South Mountains in Virginia, and Blue 
Ridge further south. 

The name Kittatinny means large, long, without end. The Lehigh, or 
more properly speaking Lecha Valley, receives its name from the Lehigh River 
which flows through it. The name Lecha is an Indian word derived from 
Lechaweki. The first white men who came within the present limit of Lehigh 
county, were the traders in the seventeenth century, who came and went, transact- 
ing their business with the Indians, sometimes creating animosity between Indians 
and white men. As early as 1701, these men were brought to the notice of the 
Proprietors by the troubles they was a part of made, the same time the Seneca 
Indians made incursions with the view of harassing the more peaceful Delawares. 

The first settlement, within the present limits of the county was made 
near the Swamp Church, Lower Milford, in 1715, by some German emigrants ; as 
is shown by the inscription upon an old stone building which bears the above 

The first settlement of which authentic knowlege is known, was 
made in 1730, in the Lehigh Valley. In 1734 the whole region was thrown open 
for settlement, when the newly arrived settlers from Germany began to flock 
thither. That the settlers were enterprising is shown from the fact that they 
began to secure good roads. As early as 1735 the emigrants came rapidly to the 
county so when it became a part of Northampton County, in 1752, it had a 
population of 2800 souls, as follows : Milford, 700 ; Upper Saucon, 650 ; White- 
hall, 800 ; including about 200 which resided in Hanover, making the entire 
number 3000. 

In 1773, some thirty years after the first settlement had been made, the 
county showed great improvement as can be seen by the followit^g number of 
acres of cleared land, in what is now Lehigh County, namely, 37,394 ; 8,869 acres 
of grain and 886 farmers. Slowly and slowly the red man receded before the 
coming of the white man, as few, Indians were remaining in what is now Lehigh 
County, after 1740. They had nearly all passed beyond the Blue Mountains, only 


here and there a fatally or individual Indian remained in a tent upon some 
chosen spot on the ancient hunting ground. One of the chief of these was Kola- 
pechka, an old chief residing on the creek which bears his name, Coplay. 

He was on friendly terms with his white neighbors and he was frequently 
employed by the government to carry messages and act as interpreter. The last 
Indian living in the county was in 1742, when the last of the Delawares was com- 
pelled to remove from this region to the Wyoming Valley. 

After that date it was still the common custom of the Indians to come 
from the north and pass down into Lehigh and wander much as they chose to do 
in former times, when they were at peace with the other tribes of Indians. They 
brought usually game and poultry for trading purposes and purchased such arti- 
cles as they needed for their primitive life in the forest. They were never seen 
after the second Indian raid. 




/^HE Delaware or Lenape Indians were divided into three tribes,— the Unaniis 
L or Turtle tribe, the Unalachtpo or Turkey tribe, the Winsi or Wolf tribe. 
These tribes were again divided and usually received their names from the 
place where they resided. Each settlement had its chief, who was subject to the 
head chief or sachem and reported to him. 

The government of the Indian was similar to our national, state and 
county government. Allumapes and Teedyyuscung were the chief sachems from 
the time of the landing of William Penn to the time when the Indians disap- 
peared from this part of the country. The Indian headquarters were at Minni- 
sink and Shamokin. Wampum is the Indian name for money. The word is an 
Iroquois word meaning a muscle. They had three kinds of money, the wampum, 
the fathom of wampum and belt of wampum. The different wampums repre- 
sented the various value of their money. A number of muscles strung together 
was called a string of wampum, when it was a fathom long it was called a fathom 
or belt of wampum. 

At the time when the first white settlers came to this country the Indians 
made their wampums of small wooden pieces of equal sizes, and stained them 
either black or white. Only a few muscles were used to make the wampums 
before the advent of the white man. The wampums were very valuable before 
the. white people came. 

The white men made wampums from muscles, and soon the Indians dis- 
carded the wooden ones for muscles. These wampums were round or oval in 
shape, one-fourth of an inch in length, and one-eighth of an inch thick with a 
hole in them lengthwise and strung like beads. 

Scalping was another trait of the Indian. No victory was complete with- 
out it and is very revolting. The living and dead were scalped, as well as inno- 
cent women and children. The following mode was followed by the Indians in 
scalping their victims : They fastened the prisoner to the ground with their arms, 
legs and necks bound to large stakes and a cord to a free Indian. If any dispute 
arose among the Indians in regard to the prisoner, the prisoner was killed and 
scalped. The Indians placed their feet on their prisoner's neck, and seized the 
hair with the left hand twisting them tightly together in order to separate the 
skin from the head ; then they would cut all around it with a sharp knife and 
tear it ofif. In one minute they had finished the scalping. The principle food of 
Indians were meat, vegetables, nuts and berries. The flesh of the deer and bear 
they liked the best. 

Potatoes, corn and tobacco were the only products raised by the Indians. 
They were very cunning and skillful strategists in alluring the settlers into am- 
bush, or elude them when pursued. _They were honest, never stole or robbed 
each other. When they left home they did not lock their wigwams, but put a 
stone or piece of wood against the door, and nothing was stolen during their ab- 


sence. They were strong and muscular, which was gained by their constant 
exercise in walking and running. The Indians in that way acquired agility and 
endurance by which they were able to flee from the white people. 

The first breach of friendship between the Indians and the Government 
happened in 1754, before that time it was only between the individual Indian and 

The minerals used by the Indians were aluminous rock, quartz, quartz- 
ite, jasper, basanite chalcedony, slate and soapstone. To make their axes and 
pestles they used diabase, syenite, dioryte and pyroxene. Quartzite was used to 
make spear heads, knives and arrowheads. 

When the Indians wanted to make a canoe, they would cover the sides 
of the log with ground, burn out the middle part and used the axes to remove the 

Governor John Penn offered in 1764, by proclamation, the following 
bounties for capturing Indians : 

For every male above the age of ten years, $150.00 ; for every male, 
(being killed) above the age of ten years, $130.00; for every female above the 
age of ten years, scalped (being killed), $50.00. 

In the first Indian raid of 1755, the settlers escaped the Indians' wrath, 
which fell so furiously upon the settlers of Carbon and Northampton Counties, 
which resulted in the massacres of the Moravians in Carbon County, and other 
atrocious murders. One of the principal causes of the raid was the " Walking 
Purchase" of 1737, which seems to have given great dissatisfaction to the Indians, 
and also seems to have been the chief cause for it. But the defeat of Braddock in 
1755. operated powerfully as a stimulus in the minds of the red man, arousing 
hatred and inciting murderous desire. When peace was made in 1758, it gave a 
sense of relief to the settlers again which lasted for about five years. 

The conspiracy of the powerful chief Pontiac incited once more their 
hatred against the white people, and had much to do with the Indian raids of 
1763 in the county and the massacre of a number of settlers. The settlers in 
Whitehall were entirely innocent, having always treated the Indians with kind- 
ness in their dealings with them. 

It seems as if the Indians had lost confidence in the descendants of Penn, 
whose memory they revered, or they may have longed for regaining their ancient 
hunting grounds. It is doubtful if they would have commenced hostilities against 
the settlers if they had not been incited by the French. It was the French more 
than any others that provoked the conflict between the whites and Indians. 

The first war was provoked by the intrigues of the French, in which the 
colony of Pennsylvania was involved with the red man. The French knew very 
well that by securing the aid of the Indians as allies living in Pennsylvania there 
was a chance of carrying on successfully their military operations in the Ohio 
Valley, for that reason they flattered and cajoled the Delawares and other tribes 
of Indians. This course of action had the effect of winning their allegiance from 
the English and was the cause of many deeds of bloodshed in the white settle- 
ments of the frontier. The massacre of Guadenhutten led to others nearer at 
home on the south side of the mountain. 

Every day some new murder was committed by the wily Indian. The 
whole frontier was in a state of alarm, settlers began to forsake their homes flee- 
ing to more secure places. The people at Bethlehem were in suspense as they 

had seen the lurid glare beyond the mountains made by the burning of the build- 
ings and knew that bad news awaited them. The first news of the massacre of 
Guadenhutten came after midnight by those -who fled frcm the disaster, during 
the day eight white settlers and from thirty to forty Indian Brethren, including 
men, women and children arrived from New Guadenhutten at Bethlehem. From 
this time for several days the people of the remote settlements began to flock to 
the more secure settlements abandoning everything. They were all filled wtth 
the wildest alarm, many came only with enough clothing to shield their bodies 
from the cold, while all were destitute of the necessities of life Hundreds of 
farms were abandoned in Lehigh and Northampton Counties by their occupants. 
They were kindly cared for by the Brethren at Bethlehem and other places. 
There were Indian villages near Schnecksville, on the lands of Laurence Troxell, 
James Scheuerer, Hilarius Kernal, and Jerry Kuhns, numerous burial grounds of 
the red men are found in the above vicinity. 

The relation between the settlers and the Indians were of the most 
friendly character. But after Braddock's disastrous defeat in 1755, the hatred of 
the Indians was aroused and the settlers were constantly disturbed. Before retir- 
ing at night they often went out with rifle in hand, ascended some high knoll near 
their houses to look for blazing cottages, thej- were kept in constant alarm until 
1758, when peace was made, which lasted until 1763, when the troubles broke out 

In 1756 they killed two children of Frederick Reichelder, Jacob Gerhart, 
two women and six children, George Zeielof, wife and a young man, a boy and 
girl at Allemangel (now Lynn township) and scalped them. In 1763 Jacob 
Alleman's wife and child and a boy and girl were killed and scalped. 

One of the main causes of the Whitehall massacres were as Heckewelder 
says, "That some Indians who had come to Bethlehem in the summer of 1763 to 
trade, when returning, they stopped at John Stenton's tavern, Allen township, 
Northampton County over night, the place being about eight miles from Bethle- 
hem, where they were badly treated and robbed of some of their most valuable 
articles they had purchased, returning to Bethlehem, they lodged complaints with 
a justice of the peace who gave theoi a letter in which he strongly urged that they 
should return the Indians' property to their owners. But instead of getting their 
property back they were driven from the house, they did this, meeting some other 
Delaware Indians on the banks of the Susquehanna River who had been treated 
in the same way. They told each other their stories. They resolved to take 
revenge in their own way for the insult they had received as soon as their nation 
would make war upon the colonists." 

Captain J. N. Wetherhold with his soldiers murdered Zachary, his wife 
and little child and a woman named Zippora in August 1763, near the Lehigh 
Gap. Zachary was a friendly Indian who had come to adjust the difficulties and 
while in this act of humanity, was killed like a dog. These and many other 
crimes like the above led the Indians to take the war path. 

This company was raised in Macungie and vicinity. 

Among the first places they attacked was Stenton's tavern and killed all 
the inmates among whom was Captain Wetherhold who had claimed he was invul- 
nerable (kuglefest). They robbed the house of everything and from there they 
went to the house of Andrew Hazlett who tried to defend his home but was killed 
with his family, from there they went to the homes of James Allen and Philip 
Kratzer which they plundered. Undoubtedly the inmates had heard of the Haz- 
lett tragedy and had fled. The Indians now proceeded to the Whitehall settle- 
ments in true Indian style. 


On October 8, 1763, a bright and beautiful autumn day a small band of 
Indians crossed the Lehigh at Whitehall fresh from their attack on the settlers in 
Allen township, and went to John J. Mickley's place finding three of his children 
in the woods gathering chestnuts, killed two of thim and went to the homes of 
Hans Snyder and Nicholas Marks, killing Snyder, his wife and three children, 
and wounding two daughters of Snyder, left both of them for dead, and one of his 
children was taken captive and never restored. The wounded daughters recover- 
ed from their wounds. The Assembly passed a bill for their relief as they were 
very poor and never afterw^ards enjoyed good health. The one that was scalped 
was a pitiable sight to see with her scalped head. 

The Mickley's children which had been killed were buried at the foot of 
a large chestnut tree, the place is still pointed out where they had been buried. 
Nicholas Marks' family escaped, they had seen the Indians coming. The Indians 
set fire to his house and among others of the settlers that were killed by the In- 
dians were Jacob Alleman's wife and child who were found in the road scalped. 

The number of settlers killed were twenty, the others escaped fleeing to 
Deshler's Fort, about two miles from the scene of murder. The fort is standing 
and well preserved, it is a substantial stone building strongly built, having heavy 
walls and was made to serve for other purposes than an ordinary dwelling, was 
built in 1760, adjoining the same was a large frame dwelling, where twenty sol- 
diers could be quartered and a large quantity of military stores be kept. The 
frame part has passed away, the place was a kind of military post during the In- 
dian troubles and was furnished free by Mr. Deshler who was one of the most lib- 
eral and humane men of the settlement. It stands on a little eminence overlook- 
ing the Coplay Creek. The building was forty feet long, thirty feet wide, two and 
one-half stories high, the walls are eighteen inches and two feet thick supported 
by heavy timbers in the interior. There were a few small windows in the sides 
with four panes of glass, in the gables were loop holes A large hearth was in the 
middle or the building, each story was divided into two apartments and in the 
mantle piece can still be seen the budets holes made by the Indians. It was a 
place of refuge for the neighborhood. 

A number of the settlers were taken captive by Indians, and those with 
black hair and eyes were spared and adopted. Among them was one Mayer, his 
wife and son who were adopted into a tribe. Margaret Frantz was taken prisoner 
while washing flax with another girl named Solt whom they took along to near 
where Ballietsville now stands. Margaret was 15 years old when taken captive 
and was with them seven years. Before she was exchanged, her father was killed 
by the Indians and she was married two years after her return from captivity to 
Nicholas Woodring. She was known far and wide for her knowledge of herbs 
which she had acquired of the Indians. Her services for relieving the sick were 
in great demand, she always journeyed on horseback. She died in 1829, at the 
age of seventy-eight years, among her descendents are Ritters, Steckles and 
Browns. Her companion Solt lived with an Indian as his wife and had two chil- 
dren, when she returned from captivity she was allowed to take her little girl 

Captain Volck's (Foulk's) Company of Allemangel, now Lynn township, 
consisting of forty-six men, Captain Wetherhold's company of forty-four men 
and Captain Trexler's company of forty-eight men, raised in the other parts of 
what is now Lehigh County, flocked to the standard of Colonel Benjamin Frank- 
lin, for the defence of the frontier, and gathered at Guadenhutten in January, 

1756, where they began the erection of Fort Allen on the site of the present town 
of Weissport. 

The settlers of South Whitehall had their share of Indian troubles like 
the other settlements, the dangers were so great that it was impossible for them 
to attend the meeting of the Lutheran Synod held at Philadelphia in 1753. The 
Synod was asked to pray for the safety of the Paster (Rev. Schartier) of the 
Jordan's congregation and the settlers. 

The Governor in his message to the Assembly said "Their houses are 
burned, farms laid waste, etc." Another incident happened which showed how 
cunning the Indians were to capture young children. Some children were play- 
ing "Hide and Seek" in the barn when several Indians who had lurked around 
and when the children had hid themselves and at the proper time they came 
forth and took captive all they could lay hold on, only a few escaped to tell the 
tale. Then the settlers arose and followed as best they could, but were unable to 
rescue the young captives. The children were kept in captivity for some time 
before they were released and restored to their anxious parents. 



C^^HE FIRST SETTLERS of the county came principally from the older parts 
of the colony who pushed their homes northward from Philadelphia, Bucks 
and Chester counties. Others came from Germany seeking homes in this 
new country where there was no religious persecution and could worship God in 
accordance to the dictates of their conscience. There were in 1735 many squatters 
in what is now Lehigh County, and the proprietors of the province placed one 
hundred thousand acres of land on drawing, the drawing of the lottery never came 
off. But the settlers got the land cheap. More than threefourths of the inhabi- 
tants of the county are German or their descendents, and the localities in which 
they settled were generally named in honor of the Fatherland as Hanover, Wies- 
senberg, Heidleberg, etc. 

They came principally from Bavaria, Baden, Alsace, Wurtemberg, Swit- 
zerland, Darmstadt, and Palatinate, while of the townships which bear English 
names have been germanized by the Germans encroaching upon their English 
neighbors, as can be seen by the intercourse with the people of Lowhill, Milford, 
Whitehall, etc., which are just as German as the rest of the County. They speak 
a dialect of the German language which is akin to the language of their fore- 
fathers who came from Palatinate where the same language is spoken. It is not 
"High German," as it is just as old or perhaps older, and often more expressive 
than the High German as a spoken language, as it was from time immemorial in 
the South German dialects. Some of its roots of words can be traced back to 
older roots than High German, for example, colt, English, fullen. High German 
which is derived from Greek and Latin roots, while hutsch and hutschli, a young 
colt from Wesserwald huzz, Lausatian, huzche, Swabian, hutschle, is more purely 
German than the High German, horse, E. ; pherd, H. G. ; gaul, P. G. ; calf, E. ; 
kalb, H. G. ; homeli, P. G. ; pig, E. ; Schwein, H. G. ; sou, P. G. ; potato, E. ; 
kartoffel, H. G. ; grumbeer, P. G. ; etc., are some of the derivations. 

If as has been said in an index to their character, then the expressions 
as proverbs, adages, songs and sayings of people handed down from one genera- 
tion to the other are very original and expresive. They by frequent repetition 
have made strong impressions upon the people to influence their life and charac- 
ter. Their songs are delightful, spirited and impressive. Here are some of the 
sayings of the Pennsylvania Germans. "Wie mers mocht so hut mers. Die kin- 
ner un die norra sawga die wohret. Fors denka konn en niemont henka. Gross 
gekrisch un wennig woll. Gut gewetst is halver gemeht. Eh eer is die onner 
werth. Wer awhaltgewinnt. Mer hut nix unna druvel. Die morga schtund hut 
gold im mund. Zub on deiner egna naws. Mer muss leva un leva lossa. Wer 
net komnt zu rechter zeit muss nehme was iwwerich bleibt." And many other 

sayings show that the)^ have sayings which for beautiful thought, etc., compare 
well with the High German and the English languages. 

The poems of Dr. Henry Harbaugh, written in the Pennsylvania German 
language, compare with the best poems of any language. His most touching and 
beautiful poems are the following: "Das Alt Schulhaus An DerKrick." (The 
Old Schoolhouse At The Creek.) "Heemweh," (Homesickness) the last one a 
most beautiful poem, descriptive of the sweet rest of Heaven, etc., and others. 
The people are as a whole a religious people. When they first came they built 
side by sidec hurch and schoolhouse, by which it can be seen that both the spir- 
itual and temporal wants of the young were attended to, and they were early 
brought into the church. The greater part of the Pennsylvania Germans are 
farmers and are hardy, robust, strong, healthy and industrious. They are socia- 
ble, performing many works in common, assisting each other in whatever way 
they can. 

In former times, during haymaking and harvest time when there were a 
number of workmen together, at nine o'clock they would take lunch, relate anec- 
dotes in which both men and women engaged In. At breakfast, dinner and sup- 
per, the tables were always laden with food which were keenly relished by them 
all. At noon came the " Ruhe schtund," (hour rest), which was spent by sleep- 
ing, telling stories under the shady tree, or grinding the scythes. After " Feier 
ovet," (after the day's work) all enjoyed themselves well after their hard day's 
work, taking for their proverb, " Nuch der erwet is gute zu ruhe." 

Corn husking was another enjoyable feature of former time, when a large 
number of young men and women went to a neighbor and assisted him in husking 
corn. Quilting and applebutter parties were some of the other pastimes of former 
days, where old and young gathered and helped each other in quilting and mak- 
ing schnitz, (pared apples) in the afternoon, in the evening the young folks spent 
the time in a lively manner such as music, dancing and other amusements. 

Battalion drills was another institution of days gone by. The Militia had 
their drills in Spring and the weapons used were usually corn.stalks, hoe handles 
and bioomsticks. When the Battalion Day came in May everything was in readi- 
ness of which these were the preparatory exercises. When the day came. Infantry 
and Cavalry were on hand. The officers that were in commaud were the Gen- 
erals, Colonels, Majors and Captains with their cocked hats and plumes, epaulets 
on their shoulders fully uniformed. The command was generally [given in thun- 
dering tones. " Atten— shone, company !" The brave and gallant Lieutenants re- 
peated the words in the Pennsylvania German, " Gebt Acht Buva Now Horcht 
bosst uff," A finer and more imposing sight was never seen or command given. 
Oh ! what a time were those old fashioned " Badolga (Battalion) Daga." At the 
age of eighteen, everyone was compelled to become a soldier, the very age when 
the young maidens were at liberty to marry. Every one went to the Battalion 
day, old and young, and when the young people were strangers to each other, 
they were introduced not exactly like in polite society, but in blunt Penn.sylvania 
German, as " Des ist der Bill," " Des ist die Sal, Kum her, huckt dich onna zu 
mir." All was fun, in the evening there was dancing which lasted till early 
morning. The holidays (Feirdaga, ) of the Pennsylvania Germans are worthy of 
notice. Christmas was a pleasant time, Christmas trees were found almost in 
every home, and the churches were beautifully and tastefully decorated !with 
evergreens. Their " Krischt kindil " is not the fantastic St. Nicholas, but the 
Giver of good gifts. When the children met each other on Christmas morning, 
they did not ask "where is my Christmas present?" but " Wo ist mei Krischt 


kindil," meaning a gift of God in Jesus, the Christ child. 

New Year was another of their festivals. At that time they shot out the 
old year and shot in the New Year, a practice that is not common anymore. The 
shooting was not all of it, beautiful verses of the scriptures and hymns were com- 
mitted to memory, and repeated under the windows of those who were visited by 
them, they went through storm and snow. " En glickselig nei yohr " was heard 
on all sides, each vicing with each other to be first in the greeting among friends, 
or strangers. 

Doctor bills in the olden times were not as high as at present. Dr. John 
M. Otto made out the following bill for one of his patients (Marcus Hulig), the 
bill is dated Bethlehem, May 4, 1746, and is as follows : To heal a broken leg, 
3^" ; to heal three ribs, 3s. and other necessary things 2s. 

The hotel bills were not as high either. Captain Jacob Wetherhold's 
bill at the "Crown" hotel, in 1763, where he was brought when mortally wound- 
ed and died a few days after, was as follows : i pint of "Wine, I s. 2 d., i pint 
beer 2>^ d., eating and drinking for nurse, 2 s., feed for two horses, 3 s., funeral 
garment, 6 s., carriage fees for nurse, ten times, 2 s. 

Subscriptions for the newspapers w^ere as follows : Franklin and Hall's 
paper, 10 s. 7 d., Miller's German paper, 6 s. per year. 

Taxes were as follows : In 1767, Province (State) tax 5^, 18 s., 6d., and 
County tax 2^, 7s., 6d. 

The following is a copy of a bill for a day's expenses at one of the popu- 
lar hotels in Easton in 1781 and thus you can see the value of Continental money 
at that time. 

To Toddy - fio To i Grog 

" Cash - 8 " Washing 

" Cash - 12 " I Bowl Punch 

" I Bowl Punch 30 " I Grog 

" I " " 30 " I Bowl Punch 30 

Total I667 

Received the above amount, JACOB OPP, Landlord. 

Merchants, shoemakers and tailors charged the same rates. The price of 
a yard of Calico in Continental money cost ten times as much as the best yard of 
silk now does. Travelling by the early settlers was generally done on foot or 

The following were among those who served offices from what is now Le- 
high County : Christian Rinker was County Commissioner in 1753, and Lewis 
Klotz, of Macungie, was elected County Commissioner in 1754. George Taylor, 
one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence owned a farm of three hun- 
dred and thirty-one acres in Allen township, in what is now a part of the present 
borough of Catasauqua. The assessment value of his property was in 1770, 416^, 
which included six horses, eight cows and three negroes. The tax on the same 
was thirty-seven shillings and two pence, ($4.96). The farm consisted at that 
time of one hundred and thirty-six acres of clean land, and one hundred and 
ninet\ -five acres of woodland. Mr. Taylor resided on the farm until 1764 when 
he moved to Easton, Pa. In 1776 Mr. Taylor sold his farm in Allen township to 
Mr. Benezet, of Philadelphia, for looO;^ ($4800). Mr. Benezet afterward sold the 
farm to David Deshler. 

Our County is but a small one, but helps to make up the State of Penn- 
sylvania, the Keystone in the arch of the thirteen original colonies. 

In 1773, in what is now Lehigh County, it comprised the following num- 
ber of acres of clear land and the number of acres of grain sown, also the number 


To 21 Quarts of Oats 



" Hay 



'• Meals 



" Lodging 



of farmers in each township: Upper Milford had 7,096 acres of clear land, and 
1,283 acres of grain aiid 156 farmers ; Macungie had 6,459 acres of clear land, and 
2,002 acres of grain, and 136 farmers. Whitehall had 6,070 acres of clear land, 
and 1223 acres of grain and 117 farmers ; Upper Saucon had 5,792 acres of clear 
land, 1028 acres of grain and 84 farmers ; Lynn had 3,412 acres of clear land and 
860 acres of grain and 118 farmers ; Heidelberg had 2,905 acres of clear land and 
904 acres of grain and loi farmers ; Salisbury had 2,400 acres of clear land, 522 
acres of grain and 48 farmers ; Weisenburg had 2,179 acres of clear land and 562 
acres of grain, and 78 farmers; Lowhill had 1,131 acres of clear land and 435 
acres of grain and 48 farmers ; and there was 180,000 acres of wood land in what 
is now the present County of Lehigh. 

The taxes for a farm of 200 acres of land was from eighty cents to I1.50. 
Laborers received from ten cents to twelve cents a day and boarding. The house 
rent was from four to eight dollars a year, including fire wood and some acres of 
land for a potato and corn patch and grazing and feed for a cow. Fifty poor peo- 
ple did not pay any tax. 

The farmers and others on ordinary occasions used rye bread and buck- 
wheat cakes, but on special occasions they used wheat bread. Expenses of Le- 
high for the year ending January i, 1813, were as follows : 

G. Stabler, for election expenses at Millerstown, (Macungie) f34.8o ; J. 
Mummy for election expenses, Grim's district,g|37 20 ; A. Shiiferstein, foi election 
expenses, Saeger's district, $44.20 ; F. B. Shaw, for election expenses, AUentown 
district, |49'5o; G. Kramer, commissioner on seat of Justice, I50.00 ; George 
Savitz, rent of rooms for court, November 20, 1812 to January i, 1813, I55.91 ; 
quarrying stones for prison, $67.21. Total amount, $368.82. 

In 1813 the total receipts of the County from all sources were $15,448.30, 
of which sum $1558 66 was the balance at the settlement, $13,254.55 taxes were 
collected out of $16,772.60 assessed. 

Sheriff Peter Hauck paid into the treasury the same year $3.90 Sheriff's 
fees. Balance in the treasury at the end of the year, $6693.80 

In 1814 the receipts of the County were $18,325 91 ; in 1815 the receipts 
were $15,050.89 ; in 1816 the receipts were $17,214.05. In 1816 the first bank loan 
of $2,176.53 was made for County purposes of 1816 and 1817. The first Court 
House was built at a cost of $24,93608, rebuilt 1S64 at a cost of $57,235.86. In 
1813 the first jail was built at a cost of $8,420.00, rebuilt at a cost of $200,222.95. 
The Poor House was erected in 1845 at a cost of buildings of $51,154.21. The 
Poor House farm consists of 254 acres of land and was purchased for $27,062.32. 

The first great flood of the Lehigh River known to the white settlers oc- 
curred on the 6th of October, 1786, between ten and twelve o'clock at night, and 
known as "Tippy's Flood," on account of the destruction of the home of Mr. 
Tippy, near Weissport, and in which the two children of Mr. Tippy were drown- 
ed, the parents were saved. They had clung to the branches of a tree until res- 
cued. The next great flood occurred in 1841 doing great damage, and in 1862 in 
which hundreds of houses and bridges were destroyed and hundreds of people 
were drowned. 1841, January 8th, heavy loss ; 1862, June 4, loss $200,000, bridges 
destroyed, great loss of life, eighteen inches higher than in 1841. In 1869 a great 
flood occurred doing considerable damage. On Friday evening February 28th, 
1902, one the of the most destructive floods in the Lehigh Valley occurred. It had 
rained very heavily for several days, and the warm temperature so that by noon 
time it became apparent there would be a flood if it would keep on raining. The 
Little Lehigh, Jordan Creeks and the lesser streams throughout the county began 


to overflow their banks, and instead of looking like small streams appeared like 
large rivers and raging torrents. 

The Jordan Creek rose twenty-five feet above low water mark at Allen- 
town, while the Little Lehigh Creek came almost up to Lawrence street in Allen- 
town, within seven hours after the waters began to rise they had reached the 
highest mark and then commenced to recede. The flood, by the marks shown on 
Kline's Island, that the flood was twenty-two inches higher than the flood of 1862. 
At that time the waters to sixty-five inches from the base of the house. In 
1869 the water rose forty-seven inches from the base of the house, and on Friday, 
Feb. 28, 1902, the flood rose up to eighty-seven inches from the base. The dam- 
ages done by the flood were greater than that of the great flood of 1S62, but the of life was much less for the simple reason that the last flood came in day 
time, while the great flood of 1862 came in the night time. The bridges across 
the Lehigh River at Allentown and the Central Railroad bridge across the Lehigh 
River at Kline's Island were swept away by the flood and many bridges along the 
Little Lehigh and Jordan Creeks were carried away and many of the others were 
so badly damaged that they were unsafe for traveling. There were also many 
washouts along the railroads and roads, causing great damages and delay of trains 
for several days. The many manufactories throughout the county were heavy 
losers in the carrying away of goods, destruction of buildings and the spoiling 
of goods. The loss incurred by th- flood was about a million dollars in the entire 
county . The destruction of the bridges and the damages to same alone amounted 
to over four hundred thousand dollars. 

In 1773 the assessment list showed that there were 34,894 acres of cleared 
land in Lehigh County, of which 8869 acres were sown in grain as follows : Upper 
Milford, 7096 acres ; Macungie, 6459 acres ; Whitehall, 6070 acres ; Upper Sau- 
con, 5792 acres ; Lynn, 3412 acres ; Heidelberg, 2905 acres ; Salisbury, 2400 acres; 
Weisenberg, 2189 acres ; Lowhill, 1131 acres. Taxes were low, farm of two hun- 
dred acres, eighty cents to $1 .50. Laborers wages ten to twelve cents per day, 
the rent for a house and lot from $4.00 to $8.00 a year, including several acres of 
land and fire wood. Wheat raised twice on newly cleared land, corn not cultivated 
before 1780. 

The first election held after the county was formed was held on the 30th 
of October, 1S12. to elect the county officers. The market price at Allentown on 
January 28, 1813, were as follows : wheat per bushel, 13 shillings and 12 pence ; 
rye per bushel, 5 shillings and J'A pence ; corn per bu,shel, 4 shillings and 9 
pence ; flax seed per bushel, 8 shillings. 

Philadelphia price was wheat per bushel, 15 shillings and 6 pence ; flour 
per barrel, $10.50. 




REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD. At the time of the Revolutionary War, Lehigh 
County was a part of Northampton County, but it raised its full share of 
quotas for the American Army. At the outbreak of the war a company was 
raised in what is now Lehigh County, every one enlisting in the company received 
a bounty of three pounds ($3 oo). The company formed a part of the 2d Penn- 
sylvania Battalion of which Colonel Arthur St. Clair was the commander. Cap- 
tain Thomas Craig was captain of the company. 

The Flying camp of T776, was formed by Captain John Arndt, and took 
part in the battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776, in which the company suffered 
heavily in killed and wounded, losing in all 21 men. At the battle of Fort Wash- 
ington it again suffered heavily in killed, wounded and prisoners, Nov 16, 1776, 
losing in all 37 men. 

Washington, after his defeat at Harlem Heights, New York, retreated 
across the North River and through New Jersey by the way of Newark, Princeton 
and Trenton where he crossed the Delaware River into Pennsylvania. General 
John Warren, Surgeon General, sent the following communication to Bishop Etl- 
wein of the Moravian Church at Bethlehem. "According to his Excellency, Gen- 
eral Washington's Orders. The General Hospital of the army is removed to Beth- 
lehem, and you will do the greatest act of humanity by immediately providing 
proper buildings for its reception." Bethlehem had been selected as the most 
advantageous location by Washington when it had been found necessary to re- 
move the hospital from Morristown, New Jersey, in the sunmier of 1777. Allen- 
town was the centre of operation for the formation of the Wagon Brigade. The 
bells of Christ Church, Philadelphia, and the State House bell were removed to 
Alfentown for concealment, when the British took possession of Philadelphia. 
AUentown was also the depot where the Revolutionary army got its supplies, cart- 
ridges were manufactured, muskets repaired, etc. 

Alexander Miller, James and Charles Craig were commissioned as officers 
to raise and organize military companies, the bounty was three pour.ds in Penn- 
sylvania money equal to |8.oo. 

Congress authorized the raising of the " Flying Camp," of 10,000 men, 
apportioned as follows : Pennsylvania, 6,000 men ; Maryland, 3,400 men ; Dela- 
ware, 600 men. From the i8th to the 25th of June, 1776, the Continental Congress 
met in Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia, and the delegates from Northampton 
County were Levers, Col. Nichol Gray, John Weitzel, Nicholas Depue, Daniel 
Deschler, and Benjamin Depue. 

Congress ordered on the 8th of July, 1776 that an election should be held 
in the different counties of the province. 


Lehigh County was embraced in the second election district of North- 
ampton County, and was composed of Northampton, Sahsbury, Upper Saucon, 
Upper Milford, Macungie, Weisenberg, Lynn, Whitehall and Heidelberg, and the 
election place, Allen's Town. The election officers were John Gerhart, David 
Deschler and George Brienig. One hundred and twenty recruits came from Al- 
lentown and vicinity to join the "Flying Camp." 

On a hill on this side of the Monocacy Creek and on the right side of the 
road, leading to Allentown, now occupied by West Bethlehem, lie buried about 
one thousand Revolutionary soldiers, who died while the military hospital was 
located at Bethlehem. A monument should mark their last resting place. 

After 1778, the seat of war was transferred from the banks of the Del- 
aware to the North and South, after that the beat of the drum and the tramp of 
the ar nies ai mira rasouaied throtr^h the valley of Lehigh. General Charles 
Lee with his division of the American army were encamped for some time at 
Bethlehem. General La Fayette, after being wounded in the battle of Brandy- 
wine, was brought to Bethlehem and there nursed till he got well. At one time 
or other many of the American officers stopped at the Sun Hotel, Bethlehem. 
The citizens of that town and throughout the county were ever ready to help 
the American cause in whatever way they could. 

The next important event was the Friess Rebellion. In 1797 Congress 
passed certain laws which were objectionable to the people, among them were 
the Alien, Sedition and the House Tax Laws which were regarded as unjust and 
burdensome. The peoplearose to resist the enforcement of them and an Insurrec- 
tion broke out in Milford, Bucks County, under the leadership of John Friess, who 
bad been an officer in the Revolutionary Army, he was ably seconded by Fred. 
Heany and John German. The opposition of Friess prevented all assessments in 
Milford township that year. The Insurrection spread rapidly into Northampton 
County, also into what is now Lehigh County, where the Assessors were chased 
from one township to another. Some time after the above occurrence, seventeen 
of his followers were captured and imprisoned in the Sun Hotel, Bethlehem. 
Fries went to their help and rescued them. 

The President, John Adams, sent troops to quell the Insurrection, when 
they came Friess went into hiding and a month afterwards was captured near 
Bunker Hill, Bucks County. 

The following followers of Friess were sentenced by the Court : Hen- 
ry Jarrett, two years imprisonment and f 1000.00 fine ; Conrad Marks, two years 
imprisonment, $800.00 fine; Valentine Kuder, two years imprisonment, I200.00 
fine ; Jacob Eierman, one year imprisonment, $50.00 fine ; Henry Shankweiler, 
one year imprisonment, I150.00 fine ; Michael Schmeier, nine months impris- 
onment, I400.00 ; Henry Schmidt, eight months imprisoment, $200.00 fine ; 
Philip Desch. eight months imprisonment, I150.00 fine ; Jacob Klein, eight 
months imprisonment, $150.00 fine ; Herman Hartman, six months imprison- 
ment, $150 00 fine ; Philip Ruth, six months imprtSCmtff^nt, $200.00 fine ; John 
Eberhard, six months imprisonment, $100 00 fine ; John Huber, six months im- 
prisonment, $150.00; Christian Sachs, six months imprisonment, $150.00 fine; 
John Klein, Jr., six months imprisonment, $100.00 fine ; Daniel Klein, six 
months imprisonment, $150,00 fine ; Jacob Klein, six months imprisonment, 
$150.00 fine ; Adam Breich, six months imprisonment, $150.00 fine ; George Mem- 
berger, six months imprisonment, $150.00 fine ; George Getman, six months im- 
prisonment, $100.00 fine ; William Getman, six months imprisonment, $100.00 
fine ; Abraham Schantz, four months imprisonment, $100.00 fine ; Henry Mem- 


berger, four months imprisonment, ^loo.oo fine ; Peter Hager, four months impris- 
onment, f loo.oo fine ; Abraham Samsel, three months imprif-onment, $50 00 fine ; 
P. Huntzberger, three months imprisonment, $50 00 fine ; Peter Gabel, two 
months imprisonment, ^^40. 00 fine ; Jacob Gabel, two months imprisonment, 140.00 
fine. He and a number of his followers were placed on tiial for treason, and 
were convicted and sentenced to death, biat they were pardoned by the President. 
Friess returned to his home near Trumbauersville, Bucks County, and resumed 
his occupation of crying public sales. Thus ended the Insurrection, also known 
as the " Milford Rebellion, " The Hot Water War," and " The House Tax War." 
After that there was no opposition to these laws which were soon after repealed. 
There was peace till the war broke out with England in 1812. During that war 
the people of the county went forth to the front with an alacrity which was highly 
commendable. The following companies responded to their country's call 
Captain George Dinkey raised a company of Infantry and marched to the seat of 
war 1S12. Captain John F. Ruhe's Company of Light Infantry, Co. 5th, 2d 
Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Light Infantry, ist Brigade, 2d Division was 
raised in Whitehall. 

Captain Abraham Gangewere's Company of riflemen, (Co. i) First Bri- 
gade, Second Division, Pennsylvania Militia, Brigadier General H. Spering, com- 
manding the Brigade, Major General Shitz, commanding the Division. Captain 
Abraham Rinker's Company of riflemen, ist Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer 
Riflemen, Col. Thomas Humphrey, commanding; Captain Peter Ruch's Light 
Horse Company was raised in the Whitehalls, and Captain John Dornblaser's 
Co. of Infantry raised in Lehigh, Northampton and Pike counties, and Captain 
Joseph Wilt's Co. raised in Upper Milford ; by which it can be seen that Little 
Lehigh at the very beginning of its existence, nobly sent forth her sons to defend 
her Nation's honor. A few went to the Mexican war, 1845-48, but the same 
martial spirit was displayed as in former wars. Among those who went to war 
was Colonel Harry C. Longenecker. 

After a period of peace for thirteen years, the tranquility was broken by 
the firing upon Fort Sumter by the South Carolina soldiers and the capture of the 
fort by the same was wired over the entire country. April 12th, 1S61. On that 
day the Governor of Pennsylvania received the following telegram : "The war 
has commenced, the batteries opened fire upon Fort Sumter at 4 A. M." 

This conflict began by the people of the North and South placing diflfer- 
ent construction to the Constitution of the United States," of the Slave question 
and by continually agitating the same, at least each section came to distrust each 
other and regard each other with contempt The North believed that tlie South 
would not dare to go to war and fight for the cause they advocated. The North 
would never dare to strike a blow against the South was believed by the South. 

When the actual hostilities commenced many of the North said that it 
would only be a breakfast, but before the war was over they had in addition to 
breakfast— dinner and supper. While the South said we will capture W^ashing- 
ton and bring the Government to terms in very short time, and have our Inde- 
pendence acknowledged by the Government. How sadly were both sides dis- 
appointed, and how. through four long and sad years, each side contended for the 
mastery, which at last fell to the lot of the North, the "Stars and Stripes" which 
had cost an enormous amount of money and a great loss of life. 

The war taught both the North and South a lesson which they had not 
known before, they learned to know each other better and by that struggle show- 


ed foreign nations the true valor of an American citizen ; and slavery extinguish- 
ed forever from the American soil. 

On April 15th, 1861, President Ivincoln issued his proclamation calling 
out the Militia of the several states, to quell the Rebellion. Pennsylvania was 
called upon to furnish sixteen regiments, two of which were wanted within three 
days to defend the National Capital which was unprotected. One of the first com- 
panies to respond to the call of the President were the Allen Guards. Captain 
Thomas Yeager of Al]ei!tov\n, the offered their services to the Governor, April 
17th, and mustered into services April i8th, arriving at the same time at Harris- 
burg were Ringgold's Light Artillery, Captain McKnight of Reading; Logan 
Guards, Captain vSelheimer, of Lewistown ; Washington Guards, Captain Wren 
and the National Light Infantry, Captain McDonalds, of Pottsville ; and Co. H, 
Fourth Artillery Regulars under Lieut. Pemberton, (afterwards a general of the 
Confederate army). They all started for the seat of war on the i8th of April. 
The Regulars for Fort McHenry and the others for Washington. 

For their promptness in mirching to the defence of Washington, arriving 
there on the 18th of April, iS6i^ "the thanks of the House of Representatives, 
which are rarely tendered except for great and signal service to the state were 
expressed in ihe following terms ; "37th Congress, U. S. July 22d, 1861. Resolv- 
ed, that the thanks of this house are due and are hereby tendered to the 530 
soldiers from Pennsylvania who passed through the n:ob at Baltimore and 
reached Washington on the iSth of April last for the defence of the National 

Galisha a. Grow, 

Speaker of the House of Representatives. 

Little Lehigh nobly came to the aid of the country as can be seen by the 
number of men furnished to the different regiments, (namely 13), Companies I, 
Capt. W. H. Gausler, ist regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers ; D, Capt. G. D. 
Hand, 9th regiment, three months men ; C, Capt. A. C. Lewis, 46th regiment, 
three year men ; B, Capt. E. P. Rhoads ; F, Capt. H. S. Hart ; G, Capt. Charles 
Mickley ; I. Capt. A. G. K. Coleman ; K, Capt. George Junkert, 47th regiment, 
Col. T. H Good, Allentown, was the commander of the regiment ; A, Capt. S. H. 
Schneck, 9th Cavalry ; D, Cape. John P. Dillinger ; G. Capt. W. W. Hammersly, 
i2Sch re^iniut, niiie months men; A, Capt. Levi Schmoyer, B, Capt. S. D. Lehr, 
D, Capts. David Schaadt and Charles L. Koch, E, Capt. Tilghman Sleiker, G, 
Capt. L. P. Hecker. I, Capt. A. F. Creitz, K, Capts. S. C. Lee and G. Neitz, 176th y 
regiment, nine months drafted militia; E, Capt. W. H. Seip, 202d regiment ; H, ^ 
Capt W. H. Miller, 209th regiment ; E, Capt. W. Marx, G, Capt.G B. Schall, H, 
Capt. W. H. Hoffman, 5th regiment militia; H. Capt. I. N. Gregory, 27th regi- 
ment Emergency troops, 1863; H, Capt M. H. Home and part of Co. C, 38th / 
regiment militia, 1S63 ; D, Capt. \\\ H. Seip, L Capt. Charles Keck, K, Capt. ^ 
John H. Oliver, 41st regiment militia, 1S63. 

Thus it can be seen that Little Lehigh done its part nobly and well, and 
that it was just as patriotic as any county of our grand old Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, according to its size and population, and by its aid helped to sus- 
tain the Government of the United States. By which help the Government was 
able to assert its authority and power and show the nations of the world that 
though a Republic, it could go through severer trials and ordeals than any nation 
of the old world was ever subject to, and which would have wiped them off the 
face of the earth. Hut Our Country came out victorious and the glorious old 
banner the "Stars and Stripes" once more floated over a united country. As 


soon as the war had begun the Commissioners of the county and public look ac- 
tion as soon as the first soldiers had left for the seat of war to relieve such families 
as needed help. 

At a special meeting of the Commissioners they drew up a petition and 
presented it to the Court, praying for an appropriation out of the common funds 
to support the families of those who might be in need, during the absence of the 
husbands or soldiers who proposed to go and defend their country's flag. It was 
resolved that five thousand dollars be appropriated for that purpose in install- 
ments of five hundred dollars each to be distributed at such periods as may be 
deemed necessary. 

January, 1862, the county tax was raised to forty cents upon everj' one 
hundred dollars, and the state'tax to twenty-five cents upon every one hundred 
dollars, and a special tax of fifty cents per head for militia purposes. The same 
year a bounty of twenty dollars for each recruit was offered, (the quota being 200 
men). The Commissioners made an appropriation of ten thousand dollars for the 
purpose. The bounty was afterwards raised to one hundred dollars for each 
recruit, the bounty offered until September 25th, 1862, after which no bounty was 
paid any more. 

April, 1863, the county tax was raised to fifty cents upon every one hun- 
dred dollars and the state tax 30 cents per hundred dollars. June 30th, 1863, the 
Commissioners resolved to give twenty dollars per month to each recruit for ser- 
vices, not exceeding three months, the time being Gen. Lee's invasion into the 
V State. Captain W. H. Seip's company of eighty-five men were the first to leave 
for the field of action. They received a month's pay in advance, the other com- 
panies that went at the same time received similar compensation. 

Our brave and noble soldiers were engaged in many a hard conflict, and 
earned a reputation for bravery and gallant conduct, excelled by none, and 
many a life was sacrificed to defend the Union The ist regiment was engaged 
in the first battle of Bull Run, Virginia, 1861. The 46th regiment was engaged in 
capture of Leesburg, Charlestown, Martinsburg, "Winchester, Kernstown, Cedar 
Mountain, Antietem, Fredericksburg, 1862, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, operat- 
ing along theRapidan, Virginia, 1863, transferred to Tennessee to support Gen. 
Rosecrans, re-enlisted in 1864, for a term of three years, helped to fight the bat- 
tles of Resace. Dallas, Kenesaw, Peach Tree Creek, Pine Knob, Marietta, Atlanta 
and Savannah, Georgia, 1864, with Sherman through the Carolina's in capturing 
Columbus, Goldsboro and Johnston's army at Raleigh, 1865. They were mus- 
tered out of service July i6th, 1865, after four years of hard and faithful service, 
having lost during that time in killed, wounded and prisoners about three 
hundred men. 

The 47th Regiment was engaged in many hard conflicts, during its term 
of service. Served in the Florida campaign, under General Brannan, in Virginia 
under General J.J. Stevens, South Carolina under Major-General O. M. Mitchell. 
Captured St. John's Bluff, Jacksonville, Florida, engaged in the battles of Poco- 
taligo and Frampton, South Carolina, garrisoned Forts Taylor and Jefferson, 
Key West, Florida, went to Franklin, Louisiana in 1864, participated in the Red 
River expedition under General Banks, fought in the battles of Pleasant Hill, 
Cave Hill, transferred to Virginia in the fall of 1864, and helped to drive awav 
the Confederate army from Maryland under General Hunter, placed under Gen- 
eral Sheridan in the Shenandoah campaign, helped to fight the battles of Opequan 
Winchester, Fisher's Hill, Port Republic and Cedar Creek. 

After the surrender of General Lee, the regiment did garrison duty at 
Savannah and Charleston. They were mustered out of service after seeing four 


years and four months of great hardship, during the time it was in the field it 
participated in seven states, marched twelve hundred miles, made twelve sea 
voyages, lost during the time it served in killed, wounded and prisoners, five 
hundred men. The 92d regiment, the 9th calvary, saw service in Kentucky and 
Tennessee in the battles of Bowling Green, Lebanon, Sparta, Moore's Hill, 
Tompkinsville, Richmond, Shelbyville, Perryville, Watauga, Holston River, 
Franklin Rover, Middletown, Cowan, Lafayette, Chickamauga, Dandridge, New 
Market, Mossy Creek, Fair Garden, McMinnville, and with General Sherman on 
his march to the sea, and was engaged in the battles of Lovejoy Station, Macon, 
Bear Creek, Waynesboro, Buckhead Creek, Buckhead Church, Aiken, Lexington, 
Black States Station, Averysville, Bentonville, Hillsboro and Morrisville. This 
Regiment had the honor of firing the last gun before the surrender of General J. 
E. Johnston at Bentonville and received the flag of truce sent by General Johnson 
asking for the surrender. They were mustered out of service July 12th, 1865, 
seeing 4 years of hard service and losing in killed, wounded and prisoners many 
of its men. It was engaged in the capturing of the rebel General J. H. Morgan 
when he was on his raids in Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana and Ohio. 

The 128th regiment saw service in Virgmia, was in the battles of Bull 
Run, Chantilly, Antietem, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, in the last named 
battle it was reduced to one hundred and seventy two men, more than two hun- 
dred were taken prisoners. They were mustered out of service May 12th, 1863, 
having proven their loyalty to the cause. The 176th regiment of drafted militia 
entered into service November, 1862 and were engaged in doing garrison duty in 
Virginia, North and South Carolina, and were mustered out of service August 
i8th, 1863. The 202d regiment saw service in the Shenadoah campaign where it 
shared with the rest of the army the laurels of the same. Mustered out August 
3d, 1865. The 209th regiment fought in the battles of Chapin Farms, Fort Stead- 
man and in the battles around Petersburg and the surrender of General Lee at 
Appomattox Court House. Mustered out May 31, 1865. 

The Militia The 5th rejiiment was called out in 1862. to repel the in- 
vasion of the Rebel army, and the rapidity with which they moved showed that 
they knew well the import of their mission. The 27th Emergency regiment of 
1863, was recruited to help to guard the border of the state from the invasion of 
General Lee, did not see active service, but fulfilled its part well. The 38th regi- 
ment of militia, of 1863, was called out to defend the border too which duty it 
performed faithfully. The 41st regiment which shared with the others the trials 
of the campaign and fought with great gallantry at South Mountain. 

The Allen Guards and the 9th regiment were engaged in doing guard 
duty and paving the way for others to do the work they so nobly commenced by 
responding so quickly to their country's call. Thus it will be seen that the sons 
of noble Lehigh were in every way in full for their share of the work of bringing 
and subduing the discontented states and by it w-e see that they performed their 
part of the work faithfully, showing that they possess the true qualities of a faith- 
ful citizen, which, when called upon in the hour of need, responded nobly ; and 
if needed, lay down their lives upon the altar of freedom that the nation might 

Then after an interval of 33 years of peace war broke out between the 
United States and Spain on account of Spain's mode of warfare in Cuba, and at 
the call of the President, Little Lehigh responded nobly by sending two full 
companies and others who enlisted in other companies. Companies B, Capt. 
Medlar and D, Capt. Spangler, 4th regiment National Guards of Pennsylvania. 


The regiment was commanded by Colonel D. B. Case, of Lancaster, Lieut Colonel 
O'Neill, of Allentown. They saw service in Porto Rico and they gave a good ac- 
count of themselves, showing the same spirit of patriotism as the forefathers did 
in the Revolutionary war, War of i8i 2, Mexican war and Civil war, ready at a 
moment's notice to answer to their country's call in the hour of need. 

During the war times many things happen which are both funny and 
heartrending, showing the anxiety of the people. Some are full of life and seem 
indifferent, while others taking a more serious view of the matter are wishing 
they could stay at home with their friends. It is a sad thing when time for part- 
ing comes, when the wife and children bid husband and father goodbye, friend 
bids friend good bye, etc., with ihe thought on their minds that perhaps the}' 
would never see each other any more. No one who has not witnessed the de- 
parture of the soldiers to the seat of war, can comprehend it. Waving of hands 
and handkerchiefs, cheering amid the sobs and cries of the dear ones that left. 
But when the soldiers came back from war the .scene was different, everybody 
was in cheerful glee and trying to do all they could to give the brave defenders of 
their country a ro3'al welcome. 




t^^HE INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS of the county were begun with the ad- 
vent of the first settlers. The principal works of improvement are the Le- 
high Canal which was built from above Mauch Chunk toEaston for bringing 
the Carbon countv oil to the Philadelphia and other markets, and by its 
construction it brought into operation the iron industries along the Lehigh Val- 
ley. The destruction of the same by the great treshet in June, 1862, led the Le- 
high Coal and Navigation Company who owned the canal, to abandon the idea of 
rebuilding their dams and locks above Manch Chunk and substitute a railroad in 
its place, thus began the Lehigh and Susquehanna Railroad, all the improve- 
ments had for their object the development of the Lehigh Valley. 

In 1838, the Hamburg, Allentown, Bethlehem and Easton R. R. Com- 
pany was chartered by the Legislature. It was begun near Hamburg, passing 
through Kutztown to Allentown and from there to Bethlehem and Easton. The 
road was to have been commenced within five years and completed in ten, the 
road was never built, the building of the other roads led the projectors to abandon 
it. The Perkiomen R.R. Company was chartered in 1852 and finished in 1876, 
passing through the lower end of the county. The Catasauqua & Fogelsville R.R. 
was chartered in 1853 and finished in 1857. It passes through the centre of the 
county and is an outlet for the iron ore mines, and crosses the Jordan Valley by 
the celebrated iron bridge in South Whitehall township, a distance of 1165 feet, 
consisting of 1 1 spans of 100 feet each. It connects the East Pennsylvania branch 
of the P. & R. R.R. at Alburtis and with the Lehigh Valley and Lehigh & Sus- 
quehanna Railroads at Catasauqua. The Lehigh Valley R.R. connects Easton 
with Mauch Chunk and with its extensions and branches forms a great trunk line 
between New York and the West, passes through the beautiful Lehigh and Wy- 
oming valleys. 

The East Pennsylvania R. R. Company was chartered in 1S57, connects 
Allentown and Reading and has large and increasing trafic for freight and coal. 
The fronton R.R. Company was chartered in 1859 and connects Coplay and 
Ironton. It was built by the Coplay Iron Company to bring ore for their furnaces. 
The Berks & Lehigh R.R. Company was chartered in 1871 and connects Reading 
and Slatington and runs through the upper part of the county and is an outlet for 
the products of that section. Besides there are many other improvements as can 
be seen in the cultivation of the farms and the improvements of the public road 
and the various manufactories, mines and quarries, etc. 




CHE EARLIEST schools of the County were almost without exception, estab- 
tablished at or in connection with the Lutheran and Reformed churches and 
the pastor was the teacher. In most cases the school houses preceded the 
churches and served the double purpose of church and school. These schools 
were not strictly church schools, they were not supported by the church. Each 
parent who sent children to school was compelled to pay in proportion to the 
number of days sent. In those days the teacher generally boarded around. In- 
struction was given in reading, writing and arithmetic. 

The first school in the County was established in 1725 in connection with 
the Swamp church, Lower Milford township, and remained open until recently. 
The Mennonites opened a school in Upper Milford, near Zionsville, between 1735 
and 1749. A little later a school was established by the same denomination in a 
fine grove between Centre Valley and Coopersburg. At Dillingersville, Lower 
Milford, a school was established by the Lutherans in 1743. The congregation 
selecting a tract of land of about thirty acres, a little west of the village, for which 
they received a patent thereon in 1770, and erected a school house which served 
the double purpose of church and school until 1791. After that it was used only 
for school purposes and known as the Upper Milford school house. 

By Act of Assembly, this property was sold in 1871, for the sum of $4,050 
which amount is placed on interest as a special school fund, giving the sub- 
district at present a ten months' term. The children living within two miles of 
the school house are entitled to attend the school during the summer term, giving 
them a great advantage over the surrounding districts. The Moravians com- 
menced a school at Emaus in 1746, one year previous to their organization of the 
church in 1747. Christopher and Mary Heyne were the first teachers at Emaus, 
in 1752 the Moravian school at Oley, Berks county was removed to Emaus, and 
in 1753 both were removed to Bethlehem on account of the Indian troubles in the 

At Egypt, Whitehall township, a school was established in 1733. At 
New Tripoli, Lynn Township, the oldest school in the upper part of the county 
was established in 1750. At the same time schools were established at the Le- 
high church, Lower Macungie and at Heidelberg church, Heidelberg township. 

In 1790, John and Jane Wetzel conveyed by deed to the trustees and 
their successors, two acres of land for school purposes at Centreville, near the 
borough of Macungie. The property was sold in 1868 on ground rent reservation 
and the annual receipts therefrom, amount to one hundred and fifty dollars, 
which with the sum otherwise provided, enables the district to have ten months 
school term annually. Andrew Eisenhard, Cornelius Hughes and John Herman, 
in 1790, donated two acres of land at East Texas for school purposes and erected 


thereon, at their own expense a school house, this property was sold in 1874 for 
13,750. The district derives the sum of two hundred and twenty-six dollars an- 
nually, a portion of which is expended in maintaining a summer school. 

In 1760, a great drawback was made in the schools of the county, caused 
by the teachers leaving their profession and entering the ministry, as many of the 
congregations could not secure regular pastors. And less qualified teachers took 
the places as teachers, consequently the schools suffered much from the change. 
When the schools were first started the instruction was exclusively in the German 
language until iSoo. In 1820, the English language was introduced in most of 
the progressive schools of the County, and taught in connection with the Ger- 
man. During the same period very few entirely Engiish schools had been estab- 
lished in the County. 

The first entirely English school was established at Egypt in 1809, and 
Jacob Kern was the first teacher at a salary of fourteen dollars a month, the 
school was kept open until 1857. The English School Society of New Tripoli was 
organized in 1812 and opened a school there which was kept until 1850. At the 
same time English schools were opened at Allentown and Balliettsville in 1816, 
in Upper Saucon in 1833. When the free school system in 1834 was first put into 
operation it met with fierce opposition, but which soon passed away and since 
that time the schools have made rapid progress. There are many graded schools 
in the County outside the boroughs. The schools are under the supervision of the 
County Superintendent of Public Schools, who is elected for three years by the 
school directors of the County, the first Tuesday in May every third year. His 
duties are to hold examinations for examining applicants for teachers certificates 
and grants the same to those who pass the examination successfully. He has 
power to grant two grades of certificates, the first one is a provisional certificate, 
good for one year only and cannot be renewed. The second one is a professional 
certificate which holds good during his term of ofiice and is good for one year 
under the new superintendent, is granted only to those who have acquired pro- 
fessional skill in the art of teaching. 

He holds teachers and directors meetings, the County teachers institute, 
local institute and other meetings that seem necessary for the benefit of the 
schools under his supervision. He has charge of all the schools outside of Allen- 
town, and his entire time is given to the attention of the schools under his charge. 




THE SOIL of the County is very fertile and suitable for raising all of the 
grains pertaining to the temperate zone. The grains raised are wheat, rye, 
corn, oats, barley, buckwheat, potatoes, etc. Dairying and trucking are 
carried on a large scale. The products raised find ready market in Allentown and 
surrounding towns. The climate is delightful and healthy, well suited for the 
industry of the people, and the natural resources are great, nowhere can be found 
a people that are more industrious and frugal than the people of Lehigh County. 
The principal industries are cotton and woolen, boot and shoe, silk and knitting 
manufactories, hardware, cutlery, breweries, furnaces, foundries, flour mills, 
tobacco, cement, etc., which gives employment to many people. The other em- 
ployments are farming, mining, dairying and trucking. 

The geological ages are as follows : ist. Azoic, 2d, Palaeozoic, 3d, 
Mesozoic, 4th, Camozoic (new life), representing three period sand four divisions. 
To the Azoic age belong the South Mountain belt of rocks, extending from Eas- 
ton on the Delaware to Reading on the Schuylkill in a broken line, where they 
sink under a plain of the next higher order or Palaeozoic age, which constitute 
in our county, the limestone and slate in the valley and the sand rocks in the 
Kittatinny Mountains. In the past ages the South or Lehigh Mountains now 
averaging one thousand feet above the sea level, were an immense mountain sys- 
tem of five miles in height, covered by 30,000 newer rocks, comprising the lime 
stones and slate of the Lehigh Valley, the sand rocks of the Blue Mountains, the 
shales, hydraulic limestones and sand of Stroudsburg and Lehigh Valley. The 
red and white sand stones of the Mauch Chunk Mountain and the one north of it. 
Remnant of the Palaeozoic age are still found in the patches on the South Moun- 
tains. The character of these rocks are principally of two kinds: — ist, strictly 
stratified, thick bedded, massive gneiss, a mixture of granular quartz, while or 
pink feldspar with the absence of mica, belonging to that variety of gneiss called 
granulite. 2d, stratified syemite, a mixture of hornblende feldspar, little or no 
quartz, magnetic oxide of iron is found abundantly in the hornblende rocks In 
Lehigh county, the mountain mass is split in two by the Saucon Valley, the 
western half called the Lehigh Mountains, is a belt two miles wide composed 
chiefly of the harder .syemite gneiss, extending from Bethlehem through Upper 
Saucon, Salisbury and Upper Mil ford townships The other belt is mostly con- 
fined to portions of Upper Saucon and Lower Milford townships. 

The Palaeozoic rocks in the County are the Potsdam sandstone of which 
only two members have been found in the County, the sandstone, the upper 
slate, magnesian limestone and others. The Mesozoic age is found along the 
Bucks countv line in Upper Saucon and Lower Milford townships. The Camozioc 


is the new age and is found sparingly in the nuid and gravel along the Lehigh 


Principal formations of the different townships of Lehigh county are 
as follows : Hanover, shale, slate and limestone ; Heidelberg, shale and slate; 
Lower Macungie, syenite and limestone ; Lower Milford, red sand, stone and 
syenite ; Lowhill, shale and slate ; Lynn, shale and slate; North Whitehall, 
shale and limestone ; Salisbury, syenite, quartzite and limestone ; South White- 
hall, limestone ; Upper Macungie, limestone and shale ; Upper Milford, shale 
and slate ; Upper Saucon, red sandstone, syenite and limestone; Washington, 
shale and slate ; Weisenberg, shale and slate ; Whitehall, shale and slate. 

Mountains an? Hills. The Blue Mountains form the northwest boundary 
of the county, the Lehigh or South Mountains in the southern part are the only 
mountains within the County. There are several hills or knolls which will be 
mentioned under the head of townships in w^hich they are located. 

Rivers and Creeks. The Lehigh is the only river in the County, and 
forms the boundary between the Lehigh Gap and the north line of Hanover town- 
ship, Lehigh county, and of Northampton county, and from there forms the 
boundary line between Hanover and Salisbury townships. Its most important 
branches in the county are Trout creek, which rises at the foot of the Blue 
Mountains in Heidelberg township, flows east in the Lehigh River two miles 
below thd Lehigh Water Gap, turning a number of mills. Antelawny or Maiden 
creek rises in Lynn township flows west along the Blue Mountains into Berks 
county where it empties into the Schuylkill river. It turns many mills. Coplay 
creek rises in North Whitehall township, flows southeast into the Lehigh River, 
between Catasauqua and Hokendauqua about 5 miles north of Allentown, turning 
several mills but often fails in the dry season. Jordan creek rises at the foot of 
the Blue Mountains in Heidleberg township flows in a very crooked course south- 
west into the Little Lehigh creek at Allentown about 100 feet above its mouth. 
This stream turns many mills and the quantity of its water depends on the season. 
The Little Lehigh Creek rises in Lower Macungie township flows east into the 
Lehigh river at Allentown, many mills are along its banks. There are numerous 
smaller streams in the county, which are principally in the townships where they 
will be described. 

Animals. The following wild animals are found in the county, the red 
and grey foxes, raccoon, mink, rabbit, opossum, woodchuck, skunk, cat, flying, 
ground, red and grey squirrel, chipmunk and weasel. Birds. The birds are the 
eagle, turkey buzzard, screech and great horned owl, fish hawk, heron, whippor- 
ville, night hawk, mocking bird, swallow, quail, bluebird, blackbird, crow, 
robin, gold finch, oriole, wren, jay, crane, cat bird, sparrow and others. 

Botany. Among the plants that are found in the county are the daisy, 
calomel, mullein, bitterwort, thistle, burdock, golden rod, aster, balsam, bella- 
donna, bloodroot, buttercup, catmint, chamomile, etc. Trees. The forest trees 
are white, red, black, burr and scrub oak, chestnut, maple, hickory, birch, beech, 
pine, walnut, wild cherry, etc. ; the fruit trees are the apple, apricot, peach, plum 
cherry, pear, quince, crabapple and others. 

Religious Denominations. The following denominations are found in the 
County : Protestant Episcopal, Lutheran, Reformed, Baptist, Presbyterian, 
Methodist Episcopal, Evangelical Association, United Evangelical, United 
Brethren, Mennonite, Mennonite Brethren in Christ, Free Methodist, Sweden- 
borgian. Catholic and Moravian. 




HANOVER. This township lies east of the Lehigh River, and is bounded on 
the north and east by Northampton county, south and west by the Lehigh 
river. The population was at the last census of 1900, 3,324. The Lehigh 
river and Monocacy creek are the principal streams that water the township. 
The soil is fertile and of limestone formation ; The land is level and the principal 
occupations of the people are farming, stock raising, dairy, trucking, and there 
are also iron works, flour mills, silk mills, tanneries, brick works, fire brick 
works, lime kilns, limestone quarries, etc. 

VILLAGES— Rittersville, a town midway between Allentown and Beth- 
lehem on the Allentown and Bethlehem turnpike and the Lehigh Valley Traction 
railway ; it has a fine park and is a nice Summer resort for the city people, has 
numerous stores, hotels, churches, schoolhouse and cemetery. It was founded in 
1808 by Michael Ritter. The population in 1900 was 525. Schoenersville, situ- 
ated on the boundary line between Hanover township, Lehigh county and Han- 
over township, Northampton county, the population in 1900 estimated about 200. 
It contains a store, hotel, post office, and was founded in 1784 by Adam Schoener. 
East Allentown was founded in 1S28 is a suburb of Allentown, it contains several 
stores, hotels, mills, tannery, fire brick works, lumber yards and limestone quar- 
ries. The Lehigh canal, Lehigh and Susquehanna R.R. and the L. V. Traction 
railway pass through the place. It is connected with Allentown by a fine large 
bridge. Population 1200. Post office— Allentown. The earliest schools in the 
township were at Schoenersville, Rittersville and West Bethlehem. The free 
school system was accepted in 1834, while the other townships in the County 
rejected it in that year. It contains excellent .schools both graded and ungraded. 
The first road in the township was the one leading from Bethlehem to Gnaden- 
hutten, (now Lehighton), and was laid out by order of the court of Bucks county 
in 1747, it was used as a military road from 1755 to 1761. The next road was the 
one leading from the Philadelphia road in Salisbury township crossing the Le- 
high river by a ford near the old house on the Geissinger's farm, passing through 
what is now Rittersville and Schoenersville. 

This township is bounded on the north by Carbon county, east 
Heidelhpro' ^^ Washington township, south by Lowhill township, west by 
"^ o Lynn township. Population in 1900 was 141 1. It was organ- 
ized as a township in 1752, it included at first Lynn and Wash- 
ington township, and lies in the northern part of the County. The surface is 
hilly and the Blue Mountains cross the northern part of the township. Bake Oven 
Knob is situated in the northwestern part, the soil is white gravel and is, however, 
capable of producing good crops, if well cultivated. The principal streams that 


drain the township, are the Jordan and Trout creek with a number of smaller 
streams, and furnish abundant waterpower for mills and manufactories. 

Alle-mangel, the whole region embraced in Heidelberg and Lynn town- 
ships to Albany township, Berks county, known by that name, meaning wanting 
everything, namely, no roads, no place of defence against the Indians. 
The settlers were of German descent and were kept constantly in alarm, 
during the Indian Wars in the colonies in 1755-56, the township was nearly de- 
serted by the settlers, who fled to Bethlehem and other places for refuge from the 
savages who h?d threatened their lives and properties. The next alarm was 
when the settlers heard of the Whitehall massacres in 1763. 

The settlers belonged to the Lutheran and Reformed denominations, and 
churches were founded all over the township and were well attended. They 
.strictly adhered to their faith and tried their utmost to bring their children up in 
the precepts of Christianity. They were honest to the core ; as the following il- 
lustration will show : When a man loaned I500 or f 1,000 from his neighbor the 
lender did not even take a note but merely marked down the amount of the 
money and the time opposite. When the amount or interest, was paid, it was 
marked with a piece of chalk against the house joists or on the large house clock. 
When the money with interest was due it was always forthcoming and there was 
hardly a failure. It was considered a crime if one failed to fulfill his agree- 
ment. Thev held to the old maxim "His word as good as his note." 

The oldest church in this township is Heidelberg church, organized in 
1740 and is one mile east of Saegersville nearly in the centre of the township. 
Rev. J. F. Schertlein was the first Lutheran pastor and Rev. P. J. Michael was the 
first Reformed minister. 

The settlers of this township were nearly free from incursions, scarcely a 
murder was committed while nearly all of the surrounding settlements were de- 
stroyed. Fathers Longnour, Kemmerer and others went to Gnadenhutten and 
assisted in burying the dead after the massacre there. The reason that the set- 
tlers were so free from Indian troubles was due to the Providence of God and the 
fact that no Indian villiage stood within the limits of the township. The nearest 
one was in Lynn township on the other side of the Blue Mountains and south of 
the Slue Mountains on the other side of the Lehigh River. An Indian path led 
in a straight line from Lehigh Gap through Saegersville. The first public road 
laid out was in 1770, and during the later years many good roads were made in 
this township. The highest point in the township is Bake Oven Knob on the top 
of the Blue Mountains, 1560 feet above the sea level, it being the center of the 
county line of Lehigh and Carbon counties, and it has been for years a signal 
station in the United States Coast Survey. The summit of the knob affords a fine 
view of the surrounding country. Bear Rock, two miles west of the Bake Oven 
Knob, is another point 1 ,500 feet above the sea level. There are three rocks 
standing in a row connected by smaller ones piled on top of each other ; it is the 
dividing line between Lehigh, Carbon and Schuylkill counties, a fine view can be 
had from its summit, looking southwest, the city of Reading can be seen, by 
the naked eye, the sm^ke as it pours forth from the stacks of the numerous fur- 
naces, factories, mills, etc. Looking south over our county, Allentown and the 
beautiful Kittatinny valley dotted with thriving towns and villages can be dis- 
tinctly seen by the naked eye at least twenty miles distant. Viewing Carbon 
county. Switchback, Delaware Water Gap, etc., are seen distinctly. Tourists 
proclaim the finest scenery they have ever viewed with the exception of the Alps. 
The scenery that one can view from the Bear Rock presents the grandest view 


that can be met with anywhere. In 1832 a rifle factory was established by 
Philip Hess, Jr., one mile west of Balliett's furnace, on a road leading from the 
road from Saegersville to Lehighton across the mountains ; the road is still 
known as the factory road. The factory was in successful operation for a long 
time and was later on used as a distillery. The first grist mill was erected in 1808 
by John J. Snyder, on Jordan creek later known as Kressly mill. The Schuylkill 
and Lehigh R. R. passes through the township, giving an outlet to the farmers 
for their products. The schools compare favorably with those of the other town- 
ships in the County, and are steadily advancing ; the teachers are progressive and 
the Board of Directors are energetic, domg the best for the schools under their 

VILLAGES — Saegersville. a post village situated six miles west of Slat- 
ington, contains a carriage factory, hotel, one store, post office which was estab- 
lished in 1829, daily mail. It was founded in 1760 and is a popular stopping 
place for city folks who leave the confines and tumults of our large eastern cities 
during the sultry Summer months. Population 460. Deibertsville is situated two 
miles east of Saegersville, contains a post office and a number of dwellings, was 
founded in 1842, population in 1900 was 60. Germansville, one mile west of Saeg- 
ersville, contains a store, hotel, machine shop, brick kilns, post office, is on the 
Schuylkill and Lehigh R.R. Founded in 1742 by Adam German, and the present 
population is about 320. Pleasant Corner is one and one-fourth miles southwest 
of Saegersville, contains a store, hotel, grist mill. Founded 1744 by John Rice 
and population in 1900 was 300. 

Bounded on the northeast by Salisbury township, southeast by 

Lower upper Milford township, northwest by Upper Macungie town- 

,. ship, southwest by Berks county. Population in 1900 was 

IVl&CUngie 2,920. It is one of the richest townships in the County, the 

soil is very fertile and productive and is of limestone formation. 
Rich and valuable hematite ores are found. The Flats near East Texas in this 
township are especially rich in iron ore. The principal streams that drain the 
township are the Little Lehigh and Swabia creeks. Industries are the Lockridge 
furnace near Alburtis, Macungie furnace, flour mills, etc. The people are largely 
engaged in farming, mining, dairying, trucking. The schools are in fine condi- 
tion and compare favorably with the schools of the County. The teachers and 
directors are working together for the welfare and advancement of the schools 
under their supervision. The first settlement was made in 1738, near Macungie, 
by some German settlers led by Michael Schaeffer. 

VILLAGES — Centreville is a suburb of Macungie, contains a hotel, store, 
schoolhouse and number of dwelling houses, post cffice Macungie, electric rail- 
way passes through the town. Population 360. Albuitis on the East Pennsyl- 
vania Branch of the P. & R. railroad and the terminus of the Catasauqua & Fog- 
elsville branch of the same railroad, is a thriving town and has several stores 
hotels, silk mill, .shirt factory, post office, school house containing four schools'; 
was founded in 1857 and its population in 1900 was 780. East Texas is a small 
village, seven miles from Allentowu on the line of the Allentown & Kutztown 
Traction Co., it contains a store, hotels, school house and post office. The popu- 
ation in 1900 was 240. Wescoesville. a small village, five miles from Allentown, 
has a store, hotel, church and school house, the Allentown & Kutztown Tractioti 
Co.'s electric railway passes through. Population in 1900 was 200. 


This township lies in the southern part of the county, and is 
I e>\Art*r bounded on the northeast by Upper Saucon township, south- 

^ west by Bucks county, northwest by Upper Milford township, 

Milford and southwest by Montgomery county. Population according 

to the census of 1900 was 1233. It was organized a separate 
township in 1S47. The soil is very fertile, being shale and gravel and very pro- 
ductive, the surface is very irregular. Farming is the principal pursuit of the 
people. The following hills are within the township, Hosensack Hill (Muehl- 
berg) in the southern part, Chestnut Hill in the northeastern part, Mosser's Ridge 
(Dillingers) in the northwestern part, Mill Ridge in the central part. Hosensack 
creek rises on the west side of Chestnut Hill, flows southwest into the Perkiomen 
creek, Dubbs, Eberhard, Dickenshied, Schantz, Walter, Indian, Trump, Swamp, 
Hickens, Saucon, Krauss and Ortt's creeks are the other streams which drain the 
township. The first settlement was undoubtedly made in 1715, about one-fourth 
mile west of the Swamp Church , the building was still standing a few years ago and 
the date 1715 could still be seen on the mantel piece. The early settlers came 
principally from Germany as can be seen by the names of Schuler, Eberhard. 
Ortt, Yeakel, etc. 

OLD LAND MARKS. The Old King's High Road and the Great Phila- 
delphia Road were the first roads in the township. Walbert's tavern near Krauss- 
dale which was founded in 1735 is now abandoned ; Larosch's tavern, between 
Hosensack and Zionsville on the property of the late Dr. John Ziegler, was open- 
ed in 1786, and is now abandoned ; the Swamp church was built in 1730 near the 
county^ine of Lehigh and Bucks counties, on the road leading from Dillingers- 
ville to Spinnersville, it belongs to the Reformed denomination. Chestnut Hill 
Union church (Lutheran and Reformed) was founded in 1740 ; Schwenkfelder's 
church was founded in 1755. Schools were early established and among the first 
schools were those at Swamp Church, 1725-30, Hosensack, 1734, Chestnut Hill is 
not known, Kraussdale, 1742. The schools at the present time compare favorably 
with the schools of the other townships, there are eleven schools and term is seven 
months. John and Andrew Krauss, sons of Baltzer Krauss, Jr., built their first 
organ in 1790, and continued the business in the vicinity of Kraussdale until 1840 
when they moved their factory to Palm. Montgomery county, and it was there, 
for a long time, continued by George S. and Edwin B. Krauss. 

The first grist mill was built in 1745 near Hosensack on the Hosensack 
creek, and was known as Kriebel's mill ; Schantz's mill, 1800 ; Gehrhard's mill, 
T785 ;"stauffer's mill, 1786; Heiler's mill, 17S0; Heist's (Walter's) mill, 1790- 
and Dubbs' mill, 1800. Among the other industries were Antrim's Casement 
mill, Dubbs' pottery, Dillinger's oil mill, Burkhalter's and Dubbs' tanneries and 
Dubbs' forge. Limestones are found in large quantities and limekilns for burn- 
ing lime found everywhere. There are four creameries in the township at Hosen- 
sack, Kraussdale, Limeport and Plover, all of which are doing an excellent 

VILLAGES— Dilling'ersville. is situated on the road leading from Zions- 
ville to Spinnersville. It was founded in 1735, contains a store, hotel, post office 
and is the election place of the township. Population in 1900 was 150. Hosen. 
sack is situated on the old King's High road, twelve miles southwest of Allen- 
town, it was founded in 1759 and contains a store, hotel, creamery and post 
office. The Farmer's Alliance of the lower end of the County has its headquar- 
ters there and are in good condition. Population 100. Limeport is on the road 
leading from Allentown to Steinsburg, it was founded in 1825, and contains two 

4 2 

stores, two hotels, post office, creamery, limestone quarries and lime kilns. Pop- 
ulation in 1900 was 200. Kraussdale, on the old King's High road, founded in 
1735, contains a creamer)-, grist mill and the machine shops of Krauss Bros, were 
until lately located here. Population in 1900 was 30. Corning, on the Perkiomen 
R.R. contains a store, post office and coal yard. Population in 1900 was 130. 
Plover, on the road leading from Dillingersville to the Swamp church, contains a 
store, creamery and post office, founded in 1S81 by \V. R. Schuler. Population 
in 1900 was 70. 

is bounded on the north by Heidelberg and Lynn townships, 
1 r«XA7fii11 on the east by North Whitehall, on the south by Upper Ma- 

cungie and South Whitehall townships, and on the west by 
Weisenberg. Population in 1900 was 715. It was organized in 
1753- The principal streams flowing through the township are Jordan and Lyon 
creeks, they furnish water power for a number of mills. The soil is fertile, the 
principal grains are raised, and potatoes extensively cultivated. The surface is 
hilly and abounds in springs. The principal occupation of the people is farming. 
The first land warrant was made in 1743 to John Conrad Redd. The other settlers 
were Henry Hauser, Michael Kimbald, Richard Vodgas, John Rifle and others. 
Some of the old land marks were Mosser's mill (Hollenbach's) built in 1700. 
Balzer Fritz kept the first store in the township on the road leading from Fogels- 
ville to Claussville. Lowhill church was built in 1769, in the northwestern part 
of the township. The third building was erected in ] 858. Morganland church 
in the southeastern part, was built in 1858. One of the first public roads waslaid 
out in 1813, from Christian Hartman'.s house to the Great Philadelphia road. 
The schools are comparing well with the schools of the surrounding to-^nships, 
the first schools were established in connection with the church. Among the 
earlier teachers were John David, Jr., Jacob Hart, John Benner and Israel 

The first public house was opened before the Revolutionary war at 
Leather Corner Post. 

VILLAGES — Weidasvllle was founded in 1765. Population in 1900 
was 100. It contains a store and post office. Lyon Valley, founded in 1845. 
Population in 1900 was 200. It contains a store, hotel and post office. Clauss- 
ville, founded in 1801, contains a store, hotel and post office. Population in igco 
was 132. Leather Corner Post, the oldest village in the township, and con- 
tains a store and hotel. 

Bounded on the north by Schuylkill countv, east by Heidel- 
Lynn ^^^^ township, south by Weisenberg township and West by 

Berks coun.ty. The population in 1900 was 2,366, and was or- 
ganized in 1752. The soil is productive. Grain and other 
cereals are raised. The principal occupation of the people is farming. The first 
mill in the township and probably the first in the county, w^as erected on Sweit- 
zer's creek in 1740, one fourth mile below where Greenwald's mill now stands. 
The first English school was established in 1812, other schools connected with 
the congregations existed earlier. The free school system was adopted in 1838. 
Ebenezer church, at New Tripoli, w.-is erected in 1761 ; Jacob's church, at Jack- 
sonville, was built in 1750; St. Peter's church, south of Lynuville, was built in 

VILLAGES — New Tripoli was founded in 1812, was at first called 
Saegersville, and was changed in i8i6to New Tripoli in honor of the success of 
the American navy at Tripoli, in 1815. The town is regularly laid out, the streets 


running north, south, east and west at right anj^les ard mostly named after 
prominent men of the United States, it has two stores, two hotels, mills and 
post office. Population in 1900 was 400. Jacksunvflle was founded in 1820, 
it contains stores, church, hotel and post office. Population in 1900 was 329. 
Steinsville, founded in 1756, and contains a store, hotel, post office, narble 
vard, mill :ind foundry. Population in 1900 was 596. Lynnville, founded in 
1S06, contains a store, hotel, post office and school house. Population in 1900 
was 16S. Rabert's Corner, formally Oswaldsville, was founded in 1S60. The 
population in 1900 was 126. , Lynnport, founded in 1S14, contains a store, hotel, 
post office, mantel factory and school house. The population in 1900 was 436. 
New Slatedale was founded in 1854, Population in 1900 was 100. 

is bounded on the northeast by Northampton county and 
«, ,, Whitehall township, southeast by South Whitehall township, 

*]|*^5 , nortliwest by Washington township and southwest by Lowhill 

Whitehall township. Population in 1900 was 3,280. It was organized in 
1753. The surface is undulating and the soil is very fertile and 
all the principal grains are raised. Iron ore, limestone and cement are found in 
large quantities. The principal streams that drain the township are the Jordan. 
Rock, Fell's, Mill and Coplay creeks, on the banks of Mill creek were committed 
the Indian massacres of 1763. The people are engaged in farming, mining and 

The schools are among the best in the county, the first school was estab- 
lished in 1755, at what is nowUnionville. The first English school was establish- 
ed at Balliettsville in 1S16. Union church is the oldest church and was built in 
1750 ; the first Reformed minister was Rev. John D. Gross, and the first Lutheran 
minister was Rev. John H. Schaum. 

VILLAGES— Balliettsville. founded in 1749 by Paul Balliett, contains a 
store, hotel and post office. Population in 1900 was 120. Unionville, founded in 
1S15, contains a store, hotel and post office. Population in 1900 was 200. Iron- 
ton, founded in i860, is situated in a rich mining district and is connected with 
Coplay by the Ironton R. R. and contains a store, hotel and post office. Popula- 
tion in T900 was 300. RuchsviUe, founded in 1800, contains a store, hotel and post 
office. Population in 1900 was 1 12. Siegersville. founded in 1750 contains a store, 
hotel and post office, is simated in a rich mining district. Population in 1900 was 
125. Schnecksville. founded in 1845, contains a .store, two hotels and post office. 
Population in 1900 was 200. Laury. founded in 1S32, contains a store, hotel, flour 
mill and post office. Laury's Island in the Lehigh River is a well know summer 
resort. Population in 1900 was 250. Rockdale, founded in 1856, contains a store, 
hotel and post office. Population in 1900 was 150. Kernsville, founded in 1806, 
contains a store. Population in 1900 was 60. 

is bounded on the northeast by the Lehigh River, northwest 
Q |. , by South Whitehall township, southeast by Upper Saucon 

Salisbury to^.uship^ southwest by Upper Milford and Lower Macungie 
townships. Population in 1900 was 4,583. It was organized in 
1753 as a township. The surface is rolling and the soil very fertile. The Lehigh 
Mountains form the southern boundary, between Salisbury and Upper Saucon town- 
ships. The most important streams that drain the township are the Little Lehigh, 
Trout and Little Trout creeks. The principal occupations of the people are farm- 
ing, manufacturing and mining. Iron ore is found along the Lehigh Mountains. 
The first settlement was made in 1736, on what is now the Geissinger farm on the 
Lehigh River, by Solomon Jennings. 


The oldest homesteads are Lorentz Klein a few miles west of Allentown 
on the Little Lehigh settled by Christian Kassel in 1730 and Jacob Bogert's place 
on the same creek a few miles from Klein's farm, settled by Peter Bogert in 1738, 
both of the farms are still in the possession of the Klein and Bogert families. The 
first public house was licensed in 1786, and was kept by Martin Ritter. Salisbury 
church was built in 1741 is situate 1 on a hill, overlooking the Little Lehigh creek, 
one and one-half miles north of Emaus. The first Lutheran minister was the Rev. 
J. W. Straub ; the first Reformed minister known was the Rev. J. P. Leydich. 
Tradition says that over a hundred years ago a church stood on the site of what is 
now Jerusalem Church, the graveyard belonging to it is still in use ; the present 
church was erected in 1843. The first Lutheran minister of the present church 
was the late venerable Rev. Joshua Yeager ; the first Reformed minister was the 
Rev. Max Stem. The Mountainville Evangelical church was built in 1863. 

Salisbury had few schools originally; those living near Bethlehem sent 
their children to that place ; those living near Emaus to that place ; and those liv- 
ing in the vicinity of the Salisbury church to that place. One of the oldest school- 
houses was Markle's, built in 1820. The schools are in fine condition and com- 
pare well with the other schools of the county. 

VILLAGES — Mountainville, was founded m 1856, contains three stores, 
two hotels, church, carriage factory and is on the Allentown and Coopersburg 
turnpike and Allentown and Emaus electric road. Population in 1900 was 250. 
South Allentown, a suburb of Allentown, contains a number of stores, hotels, 
churches, flour mill, furnace. The Allentown and Bethlehem Electric railroad 
passes through it. The population in 1900 was 2,000. The State Fishery in the 
western part of Salisbury, is a fine place for pleasure parties and the fish hatchery 
is well worth visiting. 

is bounded on the northwest by North Whitehall township, 
South southeast by Salisbury township, and southwest by Upper and 

_^_.. , - Lower Macungie townships. The population in 1900 was 2,472. 
Wniten&ll The surface is generally level with the exception of Huckle- 
berry ridge, which runs west for about two miles, the soil is 
very fertile. It was organized as a separate township in 1810, and was formally 
included in Whitehalltownship, (which included the three Whitehalls.) The 
two principal streams are the Jordan creek which flows through the northern 
part and Cedar creek which flows through the southern part. The first settle- 
ment was made in 1735, by Nicholas Kern. The Catasauqua & Fogelsville R.R. 
passes through the township and is an outlet for the numerous ore mines along 
its route, it crosses Jordan creek by the famous Iron Bridge which spans it, the 
length of which is 1165 feet, consisting of 11 spans of 100 feet each, supported by 
a series of suspension trusses. 

The old roads are the Allentown and Easton and the Mauch Chunk roads. 
The Jordan Lutheran church is the oldest in the township, it was founded in 
1744, the first minister was Rev. Berkenstock ; Jordan Reformed church was 
founded in 1752. the first minister was the Rev. J. H. Goetchius. Cedarville 
Union church was founded in 1855, the first Lutheran minister was Rev. Jeremiah 
Schindel and the first Reformed minister was Rev. Joseph Dubbs. The same 
year the Evangelical church was built. 

The earliest schools in the township were those that were connected with 
the Jordan Lutheran and Reformed churches. and were opened the same time the 
churches were founded. The schools of the township compare with the other 
schools of the County. 


VILLAGES— Cetronia, formerly Cedarville, was founded in 1850 by .' 
Charles Mertz and contains a stdre, hotel, three churches, flour mills and post 
office. Dorney Fish Wier and Park, a quarter of a mile west, is a fine summer 
resort. The Allentown & Kutztown electric road passes the village and Dorney 
Park. Population in 1900 was 150. Crackersport, a small village, contains a 
store, hotel and carriage factory. Population in 1900 was 90. Griesmersville, 
founded in 1806 by Abraham Griesemer, it contains a hotel, limekilns, and the 
famous Duck Farm is located here. The Allentown & Kutztown electric railroad 
passes through it. Population in 1900 was 150. Guthsville. founded in 1780, and 
contains a store, hotel and post office. Population in 1900 was 50. Mechanics- 
ville was founded in 1823 by John Scheirer, contains a store and hotel. Popula- 
tion in 1900 was 125. Orefield was founded in 1813 by Joseph Kern, store, hotel, 
post office, etc. Population in 1900 was 164. Wennersville, founded in 1837 by 
William Wenner, contains a store, hotel, school house, post office and church. 
Population in 1900 was 140. Snydersville was founded in 1835 by George Snyder. 
Population in 1900 was 25. Guth's Station, on the Catasauqua & FogelsvilleR.R. 
and contains a store, hotel, vitrified brick works and post office. Population in 
1900 was 140. 

is bounded on the east by South Whitehall township, south by 
_- Lower Macungie township, north by Lowhill and Weisenberg 

Upper townships and on the west by Berks county. The meaning of 

Macungie the word Macunge is of Indian origin and means the "eating 

place of bears." When food became scarce on the mountains 
the bears came to the valleys. Population in 1900 was 2,084. It was organized as 
a township in 1742. The first settlement was made in 1729, at Spring creek near 
Trexlertown, on what was later known as the Schwartz's farm, by Jeremiah 
Trexler and children. The first public road through the township was made in 
1732 from Trexlertown to Goshenhoppen. The surface is level, the soil is fertile 
and is of limestone formation. Iron ore and limestone are found in large quan- 
tities in the vicinities of Foglesville, Breinigsville and Trexlertown. The Cata- 
uaqua and Foglesville R. R. passes through the township and is an outlet for the 
same. The principal streams that drain the township are the Macungie creek, 
Spring creek. Little Lehigh creek and Haas creek flows in the northern part and 
empties into the Jordan creek. Cedar creek, in the southeastern part rises in the 
Schantz spring, and empties into the Little Lehigh creek at Schreiber's Mill, turn- 
ing many mills in its course. Schantz Spring which is situated in this township 
about five miles west of Allentown, is a very large spring of pure water, being 
nearly free from mineral substance. The power and force of the water of the 
spring is very remarkable, it propels a saw mill at its very beginning. A 36x12 
inch stream of water pours forth at one place. Cedar Creek propels four flour 
mills along its course. It was a pleasant meeting place where the red men used 
to assemble in days gone by. The first settler at the spring was John George 
Guth in 1744, though settling about a mile from the spring and erected a grist- 
mill there which he sold to his son George, together with sixty acres of land in 
1766. In 1774 Adam Eppler became the owner ; in 1788 Henry Bortz, and Jacob 
Schantz in 1792. In 18 18 Jacob Schantz, Jr. became the owner and in 1844 his 
son Hiram J. Schantz came into possession of it and lately disposed of it to David 
Koch who afterwards sold it to the City of Allentown (in 1900) who intend laying 
pipes and bring the water of the spring to the city. The people came from far 
and near to have their grain ground at the mill in the early times. 

Lehigh County Poor House was founded in 1844, upon the farm bought >/ 


from C. and S. Mertz in South Whitehall township, containing two hundred and 
sixty acres for $27,742. 

The first constable of Macungie was John Brandberg, appointed in 1737. 

VILLAGES — Srelnigsville, contains a store, hotel, schools, church and 
a post office. The AUentown and Kutztown trolle}- line passes through the village. 
Population in 1900 was 213. Chapman's on the Catasauqua and Foglesville R. 
R., contains a store, hotel, post office, a coal and lumber yard. Population igco 
was 60. Trexl-Ttown, the oldest town in the township, is on the Catasauqua 
and Fogelsville R. R. and on the AUentown & Kutztown trolley line, 8 miles from 
AUentown, and contains a store, three hotels, a Lutheran and Reformed church, 
post office, coal and lumber 5'ard, machine shop, graded school and Masonic Hall. 
Population 1900, 345. Fogelsvtile was founded in 1798 by Judge John Fogel, and 
contains three stores, two hotels, two schools, three churches and a post office. 
Population 1900, was 638. 


bounded on the northeast b\' Salisbury and Upper Saucon, 
_ southeast by Lower Milford, northwest by Lower Macurgie, 

southwest by Berks county. The form is rectangular and was 
iVllllOrQ formed into a separate township in 1852. Population in 19C0 

was 2,712. The surface is hilly and the soil is fertile being 
principally gravel and red shale. Iron Ore of different kinds are found. Perkio- 
men creek flows through the western part in the form of a horse shoe; Leibeit's 
creek is in the northeastern part and flows through Leibert's Gap and empties in- 
to the Little Lehigh creek; Fetterman's creek is in the norihern part empties into 
Leibert's creek at Vera Cruz; Miller's creek is in the northern part empties into 
the Little Lehigh creek. The first settlement was made at or near Old Zionsville 
ill 1733. by the Mennonites. The township was organized in 1734. 

The first road was the King's High road leading through Shimerville and Zions- 
ville from Trexlertown to Goshenhoppen, 1736, the second road was the Qreat 
Philadelphia road laid out in 1740, the third road was laid out at the same time 
from Emaus to Chestnut Hill Among the old sites are Fisher's tavern between 
Shimerville and Macungie, on the King's High road, opened prior to 1795, by 
Jacob Fisher, the property being now owned by Ambrose Schantz; Seider's tavern 
opened in 1785 by George Seiders, on the Great Philadelphia road upon the piop- 
erty now owned by U. H. Wieand. The early churches were Zionsville Reformed 
church, founded in 1750, Rev. John E. Hecker was the first pastor. Zionsville 
Lutheran church was founded in 1735, Rev. L. H. Schrecke, was the first pastor. 
The Mennonite church, was founded in 1735; St. Peters church was founded in 
1843, Revs. D. Kohler and H. Bassler were the first Lutheran and Reformed min- 
isters. The Evangelical church was founded in 1830 by Bishop John Seybert; the 
Mennonite Brethren church was founded in 1857 by the Rev. William Gehman, 
who had withdrawn from the Mennonite church on account of differences of re- 
ligious doctrine. Peter Walbert w^as appointed the first constable of Upper Mil- 
ford township, in 1739. 

The first schools were established in connection with the founding of the first 
settlements in 1735 by the Mennonites at Zionsville, the schools of the township 
compare well with the schools of the rest of the county. There are at present fif- 
teen schools, both graded and ungraded. 

VILLAGES — Old Zionsville, founded in 1734, on the old Kings High road, 
Hereford & Shime.-vrille turnpike, cont das four stores, hotel two, churches and post 
office. Population 1900 was 160. Zionsville, founded in 1S76, on the Perkiomen 


R. R., and contains a store, hotel, coal yard, flour and feed store and post ofiBce. 
Population in 1900 was 100. Shimerville on the old King's High road ?nd Here- 
ford and vShimersville turnpike, founded in 1734 by Durk Jasen, contains a store, 
hotel and post office. Popiilation in 1900 was 140. Powder Valley, on the Indian 
creek, contains a store, pottery and post office. Population in 1900 was 125. 
Sigmund, situated in the Perkionien valley and on the site where Hampton Fur- 
nace stood and whose ruins can still be seen contains a store, creamery and post 
office. Population in 1900 was 120. Vera Cruz on the Great Philadelphia road, 
founded in 1763, contains a store, hotel, creamery and post office. Population in 
1900 was 200. Vera Cruz Station, on the Perkiomen R. R., contains a flour and 
feed store, coal yard and depot. Population in 1900 was 130. Dilling€r's on the 
Perkiomen R. R., contains a store, flour and feed store, coal yard and post office. 
Popalation in 1900 was 120. West Emaus, a suburb of Emaus, contains several 
hotels, printing office, pipe works, furnace, meat market, 2 coal and lumber yards 
and Miller's Park. Population in 1900 was 500. 

is bounded on the northeast by Lower Saucon townsliip, North- 
_- hampton county, southeast by Sprinfield township, Bucks 

Upper county, northwest by Salisbury, southwest by Upper Milford. 

Saucon Population in 1900 was 2,721. The surface is diversified, the 

Lehigh or South Mountains are in the northern part. The val- 
leys are of limestone formation, the soil is very fertile and highly cultivated and 
large crops are raised. Iron ore, limestones are found in quantities, and the fam- 
ous^zinc mines of Friedensville are in this township. The township is well drain- 
ed by the numerous small streams that flow through it, Saucon creek is the prin- 
cipal one and a number of mills are turned by it. The first settlement was made 
near Coopersburg in 1730, by English, German and Welsh settlers. It was organ- 
ized as a township in 1743- 

The first public road was laid out in 1750, from Heller's tavern, Lanark across 
the Lehigh Mountains. The Mennonite Meeting House near Coopersburg was 
built in 1738; Blue Church, (Lutheran and Reformed) founded in 1740. The first 
Lutheran minister was Rev. Henry M. Muhlenberg; the first Reformed minister 
was Rev. Hoffmeir. Friedensvile, church founded in I793- The first Lutheran 
minister was Rev. John C. Yeager, the first Reformed minister was Rev. John H. 
Hoffmeier. The Mennonite Brethren in Christ Meeting House was founded m 
1863. The Rev. Abel Strawn; was the first minister. M. E. church Friedensville 
was founded in 1863 by Rev. M. B. Durrell; Free Methodist church. Centre Valley 
was founded in 1883 by Rev. Manshart. 

Allentown and Coopersburg turnpike passes through the township. The North 
Pennsylvania branch of the Philadelphia and Reading R. R., also passes through 
it, affording an easy outlet for the products of the township. 

The first school was established in 1738 near Coopersburg. The schools are in 
an excellent condition and keep apace with schools of the other townships of the 

VILLIAGES— Centre Valley on the North Pennsylvania R. R., contains 
two stores, three hotels, two churches, a mill and a post office. Population in 
1900 was 527. Freidensville, contains several stores, two hotels, two churches 
and a post office. The famous Zinc mines are located here. Population in 1900, 
was 363. Locust Valley, Spring Valley and Lanark, are small post villiages and 
contain a store and a hotel. There are also several creameries within the town- 

The following anecdote of the early settlers has been told the writer by one 


whose grandfather had been at the place where it happened. On a certain day 
an Indian came to the blacksmith at Lanark, to have some work done, when the 
blacksmith told him that if he would furnish the fuel he would do the work. 
The Indian said if that was all that was required he would get some coal. He 
went away and soon returned with coal enough to have his work done, where he 
got his coal is a mystery to this day, rumor has spread time and time again that 
the Lehigh Mountains contain a deposit of coal. Search for it has been made in 
vain thus far to discover the place where the Indian got his coal. 

bounded on the north by Carbon county, northeast by North- 
ampton county, southeast by North Whitehall, west by Heid- 
^Vdshin^tOn ^l^^^^g. Population in 1900, was 3,096. It was organized as a 
township in 1847. The surface is generally level, the soil is 
very fertile and the grains raised are similar to those of the 
surrounding townships. Slate quarying is the principal industry, the slate is 
found in large quantities all over the township. The slate is used for roofing, 
school slates and black board surfaces, etc. The principal streams that drain the 
township are the Trout and Little Trout creeks. The first settlement was made 
in 1742, between Unionville and Slatington by Casper Peters. 

The first school of which there is any record was established in 1712, and the 
schools at the present time are equal to the schools of the surrounding townships, 
and they are steadily advancing. 

VILLAGES — Fricdensvillc, founded in 1847, contains a store and a church 
(Lutheran and Reformed.) Population in 1900 was 100. Slatedale, is on the Berks 
and Lehigh R. R., and contains two stores, two hotels, two churches and a post 
office. Population is 500 Williamstown, contains a store, hotel and church. 
Population in 1900 was 150. Franklin, contains a store, hotel and slate mantel 
factory. Population in 1900 was 400. 

bounded on the north by North Whitehall township, east by 

Northampton county and Hanover, south by Allentown, west 
^^hitehdwll by South Whitehall. Organized in 1767. Population in 1900, 

was 7,935. The soil is very fertile and of limestone formation. 

Iron ore and cement are found in large quantities. The prin- 
cipal streams that drain the township are Jordan, Coplay and Mill creeks. The 
Lehigh Valley, Catasauqua and Fogelsville R. R's., pass through the township 
and aflFord an easy outlet for the products of the farmers, iron ore and cement. 
The first settlement was made near Egypt, in 1733, by some emigrants from Ger- 

The first school in the township was in connection with the Egypt church 1733. 
The schools of the township are among the best in the county, being graded and 

The people are employed in farming, dairying, mining, quarrying and manufac- 
turing. Cement works are found in Egypt and Cementon. 

VILLAGES— Cementon, founded in 1770, by John Siegfried, aud contains 
stores, hotels, churches and a post office, and is on the Lehigh Valley R. R. 
Population in 1900, 500. West Catasauqua, a suburb of Catasauqua contains stores, 
hotels, foundries, factories of various kinds and graded schools. Population in 
1900 was 600. FuUerton, founded in 1862, contains car shop, wheel and forge 
works, rolling mill, foundry, stores, hotels, churches, schools and post office. 
It is on the Lehigh Valley R. R. Population in 1900 was 800. Egypt, founded 
in 1733. contains stores, hotels, churches, schools and a post office. The first 


church in the township was built in this place in 1733. Population in 1900 was 
1,200. Mickley's is a growing town along the Lehigh Valley R. R., and has a 
post office. Catasauqua, Egypt and Fullerton are connected with Allentown by 
Electric roads. 

is Bounded on the northwest by L,owhill township, southeast 

WpisenhGftf ^^ Upper Macungie township, northwest by Lynn township, 

* southwest by Berks county. Population, in 1900 was 1366. 

The surface hilly and broken, the soil is gravel. The 
following streams, drain the township ; the Jordan Spring, ShaflFer's run, Hass, 
Lyon, Willow, Weiss, Holben, Switzer and Silver creeks. Farming manufactor- 
ies, is the principal pursuit, of the people. The first settlement was made in 
1734, in the vicinity of the Ziegle's church, by people from Palatinate and 

Ziegle's church, was founded in 1744 ; and Rev. Jacob Schertlein, was 
the first Lutheran minister and Rev. P. J. Michael, was the first Reformed min- 
ister ; Weisenberg church in the northwest corner of the towship, was founded in 
1754; Rev. Jacob F. Schertlein, was the first Lutheran minister; Rev. R. 
Kidenweiler, was the first Reformed minister. 

The first schools were established as soon as the first settlements were 
made. The schools of the township, are making the same progress as in the 
surrounding townships. 

VILLAGES — Seipstown, founded in 1820, contains a store, hotel, church 
and post office. Population, in 1900, 200. Hynemansville. founded in 1740, is in the 
central part and contains a store, hotel and post office. Population, in 1900, was 
100. Seiberlingsville, founded in 1790 and contains a store, hotel and post office. 
Population, in 1900, was 120. New Smithville, founded in 1812 and contains a 
store, hotel and post office. Population, in 1900, was 130, Werley's Corner, 
founded in 1838 and contains a store, hotel and post office. 





The only city in Lehigh county is the county seat, Allentown, 
AllentOWn ^^^ Queen city of the Valley and was founded in 1762 by James 
Allen, from whom it received its name. The first settlement 
was however made in 1751, is beautifully situated on the west 
banks of the Lehigh river and the mouths of Jordan and the Little Lehigh creeks. 
Is beautifully laid out, the streets run north and south, east and west, crossing 
each other at right angles, Hamilton street running east and west is the princi- 
pal thoroughfare and over two miles long. It has a fine public square at yth and 
Hamilton streets formerly called Centre Square, now called Monument Square 
on account of the beautiful monument erected there to the memory of the 
Soldiers and Sailors of the Civil War, 1861-65, who had enlisted from the county. 

The high flood of 1841, the failure of the Northampton Bank in 1843 and 
the great fire of 1848, known as the disastrous decade, were important events 
in the history of the town from 1840 to 1850, out of which the city like a magic 
sprung forth and was more substantially built. The building of railroads helped 
to advance the growth of the city. Among the public buildings are the Court 
house, banking buildings, business houses, market house, fine hotels, Opera 
houses. Hospital, fine large public school buildings, the Fair Grounds and Build- 
ings of the Lehigh county Agricultural Society and Cemeteries. 

Manufactories. The city has many and various kinds of industries, 
among which are the following : furnaces, founderies, wire mills, boiler works, 
silk mills, breweries thread mills, cigar factories, carriage factories, shoe factories, 
fire brick and building bricks, flour mills, machine shops, planing mills, oil re- 
fineries, blank book manufactory, furniture factories, etc., which give employ- 
ment to many people. 

Newspapers. The first English Newspaper, was the " Lehigh Central, " 
established in 1817 by C. L. Hutter. " Der Friedensbote and Lecha 
County Anzeiger " was established in 1812 by Joseph Ehrenfried. " Lehigh Bul- 
letin, " was established in 1837, changed to the "Democrat" by John Royer. 
The " Lehigh Register, " was established in 1846 by Augustus L. Ruhe. The 
^' Daily News, " was established in 1866 by Peter Correll. The Chronicle was 
established in 1870 by Robert Irdell. The " Evening Dispatch, " was established 
in 1866. " Daily Herald, " was established in 1873, by T. F. Emmons. "The 
Bugle, " was established in 1876 by William P. Snyder and A. S. Orr. The 
" Evening Telegram, " was established in 1882, by Eugene Lochman. The 
" Critic, " was established in 1883, by Samuel S. Wolever. The " Allentonian " 


was established in 1850, by William J. Grim. Der "Jugend Freund " and Die 
*' Lutherische ZetschriflFt, " were established by the Rev. S. K. Brobst, in 1847. 
*' Our National Hope, " was established by H. S. Rice. "Zion's Watch Tower, " 
was established by Rev. Gernert. The " Morning Call " was established in 1896 
by David Miller, Charles Weiser and others. The "Daily City Item" was 
established in 1873, by Cyrus Kuntz and others. The " Muhlenberg, " published 
monthly, in the interest of Muhlenberg College ; Jugend Freund, published 
monthly. American Phonographic and Literary Journal, published quarterly. 
The " Lehigh Patriot " published monthly in the interest of the P. O. S. of A. 
Founded in 1901, by David H. Jacks and W. P. Steinhaeuser. The Allentown 
Star, founded in 1901, a weekly. 

The National Bank, was opened for business in 1855 and the Second 
National Bank, in 1863. The Lehigh Valley Trust and Safe Deposit Company 
was opened for business in 1886. 

Education. Schools were early established and instruction was given 
in both the English and German languages. The English teachers came from 
the Irish settlements, Allen township, Northampton county. Mr. Brown was the 
name of the first teacher known, taken as a whole the teachers were able in- 
structors. The schools were kept in private houses until 1773, when the first 
schoolhouse was erected in the rear of what is now Zion's Reformed Church, and 
was in the shape of an Octagon. The schools of that time were all subscription 
schools. A school for girls was opened in 1813, night schools were in operation 
from 1813 to 1845. Allentown Academy was opened in 1831, a Ladies Seminary 
in 1848. By Act of Assembly, the borough of Allentown, Salisbury and North- 
ampton townships paid I421.71 in 1824, for the instruction of their poor children. 
In 1833, Allentown alone paid for the same purpose I434.77. 

The free school system was adopted in 1834, and since then the schools 
have made rapid progress and are at present in the front rank of the schools of 
the state. The schools are under the supervision of the city superintendent of 
schools. The high school was established in 1858. The first principal of the 
high school was Prof. R. W. Alpme, the first city superintendent of schools. Prof. 
R. K. Buehrle, the first graduating class of the high school in 1869. Muhlenberg 
College, belonging to the Lutheran church, and Allentown Female College, be- 
longing to the Reformed church, are two well and widely known institutions of 
higher learning, and afford all the requirements necessary for a complete colleg- 
iate education, and the Allentown and the American Business Colleges are locat- 
ed in the city and are well patronized by the community. 

Churche.y. The following religious denominations have a strong foot- 
hold in the city, the Lutheran, Reformed, Presbyterians, Baptist, United Breth- 
ern, Free Methodist, Evangelical Association, United Evangelical, Methodist 
Episcopal and Catholics, all of which have fine church edifices. The Jews, 
Mennonite, Drethern in Christ, Moravians and others are represented but have 
no churches of their own and worship in halls and other places. 

Societie.r. There are many secret and beneficial societies which have a 
large membership. And the city has several of the finest bands that can be 
found in any city, and other fine musical organizations. 

Transportion F2k.cilitie./-. The following railroads terminate or pass 
through the city, giving it great facilities for traveling and for transportation, 


east, west, north and south, to New York, Philadelphia, Buffalo, Chicago, the 
coal regions and other points : the Lehigh Valley R. R. and Lehigh and Susque- 
hanna R. R. give it communication with the east and west, the Philadelphia and 
Reading R. R. with its branches connects it north and south, and the Perkio- 
men R. R. to Philadelphia. And Electric roads connects it with Bethlehem, Ban- 
gor, Catasauqua, Coplay, Easton, Egypt, Emaus, Hellertown, Macungie, Nazareth, 
Siegfried, Slatington and intermediate points. 

History. When the Revolutionary was began in 1775, Allentown, had a 
population of 350 souls. But it was a place of some importance already. After 
the battle of Trenton, (December 26, 1776.) the Hessian prisoners which Wash- 
ington, had captured there were taken to Allentown. and confined in rude pris- 
ons located near where Gordon street, crosses the Jordan creek. Other prisoners, 
followed and were confined here. It was a safe place to keep the prisoners. 

It is not generally known, that General George Washington, with his 
staff, not long after the battle of Trenton, passed through Allentown, up Water 
street (now Lehigh street). They stopped, at the foot of the street, at a large 
spring on what is now the property occupied, by the Wire Mill. There are 
several springs in the vicinity on both sides of the street, and near Wire street. 
They rested and watered their horses, then went their way to their post of duty. 

In the Spring of 1777, the only Church in Allentown, was turned into a 
hospital for the sick and wounded American soldiers. The citizens of the town, 
not only cared for the sick and wounded American soldiers, but also kept a 
watchful eye on the Hessian prisoners, and were also menaced by hostile Indians. 

The Whitehall massacres, were still fresh in the minds of our fore- 
fathers, and that on one Sunday morning, the Minister in Allentown, in 1763 
had to cut his sermon short, to organize his congregation into a military com- 
pany, to repel the threatened attack of the Indians, fiow that the war had broken 
out, their old enemy was more active than ever, and the citizens of the county, 
were constantly menaced. The price of liberty and of their lives, was eternal 
vigilance on their part. 

Provision was getting scarce, meat in most families was a luxury, the 
most common articles of food necessary to sustain life, were often not obtainable. 
Salt was twenty dollars a bushel, the grease obtained by boiling the stems of 
the " candelbeny " bush, was the only material for making candles. 

In 1777 Toryism, was in the Ascendency at Bethlehem. The govern- 
ment found it necessary to remove their cartridge manufactory, to a safer place, 
and the town of Northampton, (Allentown,) was selected. In July 1778, the 
government had 12,000 stands of arms, here for the army. Arms, saddlers &c., 
were manufactured and repaired. 

In 1778 when the rations ran short in the army, the farmers in the county 
brought their grain and cattle and sold them to the commissaries of the Ameri- 
can army, taking payment for the same, "Continental money," instead of 
British gold. 

The two principal roads that passed through the town, were the Old 
New York and Pittsburg road, from Easton to Reading, through what is now the 
Union and Jackson streets. The other from Bake Oven Knob, by the way of 
Helfrich's Spring, through what is now Seventh Ptreet. 


Incorporated as a borough in 1811, called Northampton, the name 
changed to Allentown in 1838, became the county seat in 1812, made a city in 
1867 ; its limits include the township of Northampton and adjacent parts of Sal- 
isbury and Whitehall township, containing 3.14 square jniiles or 2011.27 acres. 
The first Homeopathic School in the United States, was established in the city 
in 1835, by Dr. Constantine Hering, several years later removed to Philadelphia. 
The first officers of the new College were ; President Dr. Constantine Hering, 
Vice President, Dr. John Romig, Jr., Secretary, Solomon L. Keck, Directors, 
Dr. William Wesselheft, Dr. Henry Detweiler, Rev. C. Becker, John Rice, 
Joseph Saeger, Christian Pretz, George Keck Sr., Trustees. William Eckert, 
Rev. P. H. Gcepp, Henry Ebner, J. B. R. Hunter, John J. Krause. The school 
opened in a building on Penn street, between Hamilton and Walnut streets, now 
used as a public school building. 

A fire on the first day of June 1848, destroyed the business portion of the 
town, loss |;20o,ooo, known as the great fire. Captain Trexler's company of 48 
men marched to defend the frontier settlements, during the Indian war of 1755. 

The names of the streets of Allentown, were at first as follows : Tilgbman 
now Fourth, Penn now Lehigh, Margaret now Fifth, William now Sixth, Allen 
now Seventh, James now Eighth, Union now Union, John now Walnut, Hamilton 
now Hamilton, Andrew now Linden. The part of Allentown, lying between the 
Jordan Creek and the Lehigh river, was formerly called Lehigh Port, by the 
people, "St Domingo" Mingo. Judge Allen, of Philadelphia, owned five 
thousand acres of land on both sides of the Lehigh River, in what is now Salis- 
burg, Whitehall and Hanover township. The whole region was known as 
Macungie; where Muhlenberg College is situated. Judge Allen, erected a resi- 
dence which he called " Trout Hall, " on account the trouts that abounded in 
the streams. 

Lynford Lardner, of Philadelphia, owned a tract of land between the 
Jordan and Cedar Creek, and erected thereon a building which he called " Grouse 
Hall " on account of the many Quails found in the vicinity. The building being 
painted white went by the name of " White Hall " which gave the name later 
to the township. The above region, was a regular Paradise for the hunters and 
fisherman and many of the high ofl&cials cam e to this famous resort for hunting 
and fishing. The Governor, once came too for hunting and fishing and stayed 
over Sunday with a certain farmer, whom he asked for an interesting book for 
reading wherewith he could better spend the time. The farmer replied that he 
had such a one, and brought in a well worn bible, and handed it to him. The 
govemer took it and read it that day without any murmur. 

Among the early settlers of Allentown, were the following: (1764) 
Leonard Able, laborer ; Simon Brenner, carpenter ; David Deschler, shop keeper; 
Martin Derr, wheelwright ; Martin Froelich, George Leyendecker, locksmith ; 
George Lauer, Daniel Nunnermaker, Abraham Rinker, Peter Schwab, Peter 
Miller, tailor ; George Wolf, tavern keeper. In 1766 thirty-three families resided 
in Allentown, and in 1774 forty-nine families, in 1776 the town had fifty-four 
houses and seven taverns. The rents for houses per year were from four to eight 
dollars, and the population of the town, was in 1776 three hundred and thirty. 
In 1792, the town had fifty-nine dwellings. The valuation of the property from 
1762 to 1776, were twelve shillings, (|i.6o) for each house, the taxes were from 
ten to twenty cents for each house. Taverns were taxed, from six to ten dollars 
each. In 1763, Jacob Roth, a minister petitioned the Lieutenant Governor, 


James Hambleton, Commander in Chief, to form a company to repell, the in- 
cursions of the Indians, and that he should send them one hundred pounds of 
powder, four hundred pounds of lead, one hundred and fifty stands of guns. 
The petition was granted. In 1800, the town had ninety families. In 1843, 
the failure of the Northampton Bank, caused a financial crises from which the 
town soon recovered. In 1846, the first furnace, was built. Benjamin Perry, 
was the first superintendent, he was succeeded by the late Samuel Lewis. In 
1848, a great fire broke out incurring a loss of |2oo,ooo, which was covered only 
by $40,000 insurance. The people did not get discouraged, and went to work 
and soon there arose out of the ashes a new town, more substantially built. 

The first borough election held in Allentown, was held^ in a small stone 
hostelry, where the Hotel Allen now stands. The first market house in the city, 
was at the corner of Seventh and Hamilton Streets. It was opened in 1817, The 
first water company, was formed in 1816. The first Fire company was formed in 
1811. The name of the town, changed from Northampton to Allentown, in 1838. 
On April 23, 1853, the borough was divided into three wards. Allentown, was 
incorporated as a city, March 12, 1867. The first Fire engine was bought in 1820. 
The oldest church in the city, Zion's Reformed church, corner Church and Ham- 
ilton Streets. Mr. Brown, opened a school in 1795. Among the other early 
teachers were Messrs. Thatcher, Eberhard and John Ryan. The first teachers 
meeting was held in 1827. The Allentown Academy; was founded in 1814, at the 
Northwest corner of Eighth and Walnut streets. Young Ladies' Academy, was 
founded in 1831. Allentown Seminary was opened in 1848. Allentown High 
School, was opened in 1858. Muhlenberg College, was founded in 1867. Allen- 
town Female College, was founded in 1867. 

The first store was opened by Peter Snyder in 1794, the second store, 
by George Graff, near the Monument Square in 1795, in a red building, which 
was taken possession of in 1800 by James Wilson and continued by the same until 
1815 when he took into partnership Mr. Selfridge, trading as Wilson & Selfridge 
till 1845. The first hotel was opened in 1764 by George Wolf, the first post oflace 
established in 1812, before that time the people received their mail at Bethlehem, 
George Savitz, the first postmaster. First Burgess, Peter Rhoads, 181 1, the first 
Mayor, Samuel McHose, 1867, Population, 1900, 35,416. 

This thriving borough is situated on the left bank of the 

f*^Xj. ^j.-.Q„^ Lehigh river, three miles north of Allentown with which it 

" is connected by an Electric road, the Lehigh Valley and 

Lehigh and Susquehanna R. R., and the eastern terminus 
of the Catasauqua and Fogelsville R. R. It was founded in 1839. Population, 
1900, was 3,963. It derived its name from the creek of the same name which 
empties into the Lehigh river below the town, it is an Indian name. Incorporat- 
ed as a borough in 1853. 

It is a busy manufacturing town, the following are the principal works : 
the Crane Iron works founded by David Thomas, Catasauqua Manufacturing 
Company, Founderies, Rolling Mill, Horseshoe Works, Brick Works, Planing 
Mills, Grist Mills, Gas Works, Water Works, Silk Mills and several Newspapers. 

The Religious Denominations of the town are the Lutheran, Reformed, 
Congregational, Presbyterians, Baptist, Evangelical Association, United Evangel- 
ical and Catholic. 

Before it was incorporated as a borough, the schools and borough were 
embraced in the Hanover School district, the first school within the borough was 


located on Race street. All the school buildings are of brick structure and of 
modern architecture. The High school was established in 1863 ; R. C. Ham- 
mersly, was the first principal. 

Coolay Founded in 1853. Population, 1900, was 1581. Is situated 

on the same side of the Lehigh river as Hokendauqua, and 
was the seat of the Coplay Iron Works and has Cement Works, a number of 
stores, hotels, churches, graded schools and the Lehigh Valley R. R., passes 
through it, and is connected with Allentown, by an Electric road. 

Founded in 1818. Population, 1900 was 556. On the North 
l^r»rtn*»r«hiirrf Pennsylvania R. R., contains stores, hotels, factories, 
Vi/OOperSDU g churches, graded schools and Cooper's Stock farm, the 

Philadelphia and Lehigh Electric road connects it with 
Allentown. Incorporated as a borough in 1879. 

£in&US Founded in 1747 by the Moravians. Population, 1900, was 

1468. Is on the East Pennsylvania Branch of the P. and R. 
Railroad and the Perkiomen Railroad, contains stores, hotels, silk mill, cigar 
factories, furnace, foundry, graded schools and churches. Incorporated as a 
borough in 1859, and connected with Allentown, by the Allentown and Emaus 
Electric road. 

A suburb of South Bethlehem, founded in 1850. Popula- 
'Prtifnfain Hill *^*^"' ^9°°' ^^^ 1.214. Contains stores, hotels, brick yards, 
r OUniain mil ^^^^ ^^^ Electric road connects it with Allentown and 


This thriving town is situated on the right banks of the 
Lehigh river, founded in 1854. Population, 1900, was 
1,500. The seat of the Thomas Iron Works, has number 
of stores, hotels, churches and graded schools is an in- 
dependent school district. On the Lehigh Valley R. R. and connected with 
Allentown by an Electric road. 


Founded in 1776 and is four miles west of Emaus, with 
IVId^CUn^ie which it is connected by the Allentown and Emaus Electrig 

road and is its western terminus. Population, 1900, was 692 
Contains stores, hotels, furnaces, factories, foundry, churche 
and graded schools, and is on the East Pennsylvania Branch of the P. and R. 
Railroad, and was incorporated as a borough in 1857. 

Founded in 185 1 and is situated on the right bank of the Le- 
Sldwtin^ton ^^^^ river, on the Lehigh Valley R. R. and is the eastern 
terminus of the Berks and Lehigh R. R., 20 miles north of 
Allentown, to which it is connected by the Allentown & Slat 
ington Electric road. Population, 1900, was 3,773. Incorporated in 1864, con- 
tains numerous stores, hotels, water works, rolling mill, factories, several news- 
papers, national bank, churches and graded schools, the high school was estab- 
lished in 1864, H. A. Kline, was the first principal. It is in the center of the Le- 
high slate region and the slate quarries and slate factories where are manufactured 
school, mantel, blackboard, etc., of all kinds, is the principal industry of the 


West Bethlehem 

Founded in 1869, is situated on the left bank of the 
Lehigh river and Monocacy creek. Population, 
1900, was 3,465. Incorporated as a borough in 1880, 
and contains stores, hotels, silk mills, factories, 

foundries, churches, graded schools, connected with Allentown by an Electric 

road and turn-pike, and Bethlehem by a fine iron bridge. 

The schools of all the boroughs are in a fine and flourishing condition, 
having regular courses of study and the pupils of the high schools, passing 
through a full course of study, graduate therefrom and many are able to enter 
the schoolroom as teachers or enter other vocations. The schools compare with 
the best in the state and are under a supervising principal. The schools are also 
under the supervision of the County Superintendent of Schools. 



Judges. — When a County has more than 40,000 inhabitants it has 
one or more judges learned in the law. The number of judges is increased 
with the increase of the population. Counties less than 40,000 inhabitants or 
joint districts of two or more coimties in each. The counties of such districts, 
have each two associate judges, not learned in the law ; the district elects one 
judge learned in the law, who, is called the President judge. He holds court in 
the counties in time. His duties are to preside at the trial of cases, to conduct 
the trial impartially, to hear the evidence, to decide points of law raised in the 
progress of the trial, to charge the jury with instruction for making up a verdict. 
He issues the various writs — habe corpus, of mandamus, of injunction, of qvo 
WARRANTO, the Staying of executions, the granting of petitions, of issuing natural- 
ization papers, removal of certain officers, the chartering of corporations, not for 
profit, as cemeteries, hospitals and secret societies. Term, ten years, salary 
I4. 000 a year, except in Philadelphia, (I7.000) Alleghany, ($6,000) and in Dau- 
phin and Westmoreland, ($5,000). He can be re-elected. The associated judges, 
have the same power that the President judge has, but seldom exercise them. 
They are mainly advisory members on the bench. They exercise an eqaal 
voice in establishing roads, granting licenses. They reside in the county, where 
there services are a convenience in the absence of the President judge. Their 
salary is five (I5.00) a day when actual serving. There are three kinds of juries, 
the Grand Jury, the Petit Jury and the Traverse Jury. Twenty-four men are 
drawn for the Grand Jury, one of whom is excused to avoid a tie. The duty of 
the Grand Jury is to decide what cases should be brought before the Court. It 
hears only the evidences for the Commonwealth, that is against the accused. If 
a case is made out the foreman of the Grand Jury endorses the bill of indictment, 
which makes it a true bill. Only one witness is allowed to be before the Grand 
Jury, at one time and no one but the district attorney is allowed to be present 
during its sessions. The Grand Jury inspects annually all the public buildings, 
of the county, and approves the location of county bridges. The Petit Jury, 
usually consists of from thirty-six to sixty men each. This jury tries criminal 
cases, after listening to the evidences, the pleas of the attorneys and the charge 
of the judges, must retire to a room and make up their verdict without talking to 
anyone, but the judge. Their verdict must be unanimous whether it is Guilty, 
or Not Guilty. In cases of larceny of goods not amounting to ten dollars of value, 
the verdict is not Guilty, they have the power to put the costs on the prosecutor, 
or the defendent, or the county, or apportions them between the prosecutor, or 
the defendent. If they cannot agree there must be a new trial. Traverse Jury, 
the Traverse Jury, tries civil cases and their verdict is either for the Plaintiff, or 
for the Defendent. If there is any damages the jury fixes the amount which 
constitutes a part of the verdict. The jurymen of all the juries get $2.00 a day 
and 12 cents mileage. 

Notary Public— This is strictly speaking a State office and is appointed 
by the Governor, for a term of four years. His salary consists of fees fixed by 
law. There may be appointed a notary public in every place having a banking, 
or saving institutions. He must pay $25.00 to the State Treasurer, before he can 
receive his commission. His duties are to protest notes, bills of exchange, 
administers oaths, takes depositions and affidavits, takes proofs and acknow- 


ledgeinents of instruments which are intended to be recorded. He places his 
seal upon all his acts which gives authenticity to them, which is recognized all 
the world over. 

County Commissionkrs.— There are three County Commissioners elect- 
ed for three years, they correct the assessment or valuation of taxable property, 
fix the rate of the county tax. They pay the county bills by orders drawn on the 
county treasurer, erect the county buildings, as well as the larger bridges. They 
are paid I3.50 per day actual time spent in the discharge of the duties of their 
office. No person can vote for more than two commissioners so as to allow the 
minority party to elect one commissioner. 

County Treasurkr. — He is elected for three 3'ears, and cannot be re- 
elected to succeed himself, he receives the state and county taxes, pays the 
former to the State Treasurer, the latter he uses to pay such bills as are approved 
by the commissioners. He receives a certain percentage on all the money paid 
out of the treasury, which is fixed by the commissioners and approved by the 
auditors. He also receives a percentage on all the state tax that pass through 
his hands, as well as on special taxes that may come into his hands. He gives 
a heavy bond for the faithful performance of his duties. 

Sheriff.— He is elected for three years and is the county's chief ex- 
ecutive officer, he serves writs and summons of the court, suppresses serious dis- 
turbances and protect property, he sells property for debit of the owner, when 
execution has been ordered by the court. He makes arrests and has charge of 
the criminals during their trials and delivers them to the jails or penitentiary, in 
the smaller counties is the jailer, and whh the jury commissioners he draws the 
juries and summons those whose names have been drawn. He gives notices of 
the elections by advertisements in the newspapers or hand bills. His salary is 
fixed by law and are jjaid in fees, he gives bonds for the faithful performance of 
his duties, he cannot be re-elected to succeed himself. 

Prothonotary.— He is elected for three years and is clerk of the court 
of Common Pleas, he makes up and keeps records of the court, issues its writs 
and summons and calls up the jurors and administers the oaths to the witnesses. 
He enters in books the judgments, mechanics liens and keeps a record of the 
state and national elections returns. His salary is paid in fees fixed by law. 

Ci.ERK OF Quarter Sessions.— He is elected for three years and keeps 
a record of this court, calls up jurors and administer the oaths to witnesses, he 
has charge of laying out of roads, the granting of liquor licenses and keeps a 
record of all township, borough and city elections held in the county. His salary 
is paid by fees fixed by law. 

Ci.ERK of Orphan's Coi^rt. — He is elected for three years and keeps a 
record of the Orphan's court. His salary is paid by fees. 

Register of Wills.— He is elected for three years, probates the wills 
left by citizens of the county at their death, he issues to the executors- letters 
testamentary, and if no executor or executors have been appointed by the will, 
appomts administrators, issues to them letters of administration, copies the wills 
in books and keeps the wills safely themselves. He gives a bond for the faith- 
ful performance of his duties, he is paid by fees. 

Recorder of Deeds — He is elected for three years, records all deeds 
and mortgages, and his salary is paid by fees. 


Coroner. — He is elected for three years, inquires into the cause and 
manner of death of any person who is slain, or is accidentally killed or dies 
suddenly, by summoning a jury of six men, if the jury finds any one guilty of 
homicide, it is the duty of the coroner's jury to connnit him to jail. The Coroner 
performs the duties of the sheriff in case of the latter's death or removal from 
office, until a new sheriff is appointed. His salary is paid by fees. 

District Attorney. — He is elected for three years and is public prose- 
cutor, conducts the trials of persons charged with committing crimes. He must 
be a lawyer and is paid by fees by the county. 

County Surveyor.— He is elected for three years and is official county 

Jury Commissioners. — There are two Jury commissioners elected for 
three years, a person can vote only for one candidate so that each party is repre- 
sented. They with the sheriff draw the jurors from the list of persons selected 
by the jury commissioners and the judge. They receive $2.50 for each day spent 
in the discharge of their duties. 

Directors of the Poor. — They are elected for three years and have 
overseer of the poor and the management of the Alms or Poor house. Their 
salary is f 100 per year. 

Mercantile Appraiser. — He is appointed by the fcounty cot::missioners 
for one year, he makes estimates on the amount of business done by the dealers 
in the county, upon which a state tax is paid. He receives 75 cents for visiting 
each place of business. 

County Auditors.— They are elected for three years and one can vote 
for only two of them so as to give minority party a member too, they have the 
disbursment of the public fund. They see that the taxes and other duties are 
collected and accounted for. Their salary is $3.00 for each day they .spend in the 
discharge of their duties. 

Prison Inspectors.— They are appointed by the court and the county 
commissioners for one year, they have charge of the prison affairs. They receive 
a small salary. 

County Superintendent of Schools.— He is elected by the school 
directors of the county for three years, he has charge of the schools of the county, 
he holds teachers exminations and grants a provisional certificate to those that 
successfully pass the examination which is good for one year only, he also grants 
a professional certificate to those that have acquired skill in the art of teaching, 
good during his term of office for three years and can be renewed without 
examination by him, and is good for one year under his successor. He holds the 
annual county Teachers Institute and local institutes, collects and transmits the 
reports and statistic of the schools to the Department of Public Instruction. 
Salary, $1500. 

Township ASSES.SOR. He is elected for three years and makes an assess- 
^c£' ment of the real estate and other property in the township, 

VJniCerS ^^^ reports the same to the county Commissioners, upon 

which all taxes are laid, prepares each year a list of all the voters of the town- 
ship, a copy of which he must place on the door of the building where the elect- 
ions are held. His salary is |2.oo per day for actual work done. 


Supervisors. — They are elected for one year except where otherwise 
the law directs, their duties are making and repairing the roads and bridges 
of the township. They fix and collect a road tax to pay the expenses of the 
same, they represent the township in its corporate body in all things except 
school matters. They receive from $i to $2 per day for the time spent in work 
and 5 per cent for collecting the road tax. 

School Directors. — Every year two school directors are chosen who 
serve for 3 years, making 6 directors in all, their duties are to provide school 
facilities for all the children of school age in the township between the age of 6 
and 21 years, they build and care for the schoolhouses and grounds, employ the 
teachers, fix their salaries and the length of school term at not less than 7 months, 
adopt the books that are to be used and make rules for the goverment of the 
schools and supervise their work. They deteimine the school tax to be levied 
for school purposes, have the right to borrow money for erecting school buildings 
or purchasing grounds, they receive no pay for their services. 

Tax Collector. — He is elected every year and collects the state and 
county tax, his commission is from 2 to 5 per cent on all the money collected. 

Town Clerk. — He is elected for one year and serves as clerk to the 
supervisors, keeps the township record and the record of stray animals. This 
officer has few if any duties to perform and is not deemed of much importance. 

Auditors. — One Auditor is elected every year to serve for three years, 
the three Auditors meet once a year and audit the accounts of the township 
officers, which they post in written or printed handbills, detailing the receipts 
and expenditures of the township officers in different parts of the township, thev 
receive ^2.00 a day for each day of actual duty. 

Justice of the Peace.— Each township elects two Justices of the 
Peace for terms of 5 yrs.. Commissioned by the governor, has jurisdiction any- 
where within the county, issues warrants of arrest and for minor offices inflicts 
punishment by fine, rarely by imprisonment, generally he sends the case to 
court. For light crimes he may release the prisoner on bail until court, if he 
cannot get bail, he must await trial in jail, for grave crimes the justice must send 
the accused to jail, when he can only be released by the Judge through a writ of 
habeas corpus, suits for debts not exceeding I300.00 may be brought before a 
justice of the peace and where his decision involves not more than 1:5.33 it is 
final, if more it can be appealed to court. Administers oath* or affirmations, 
acknowledges deeds and other papers, issues search warrants, authorized to per- 
form the marriage ceremony, his pay is from fees paid by the parties interested 
and are fixed by law. • 

Constable. — He is elected for three years, preserves the peace of the 
township, makes arrests upon warrants issued by the justice of the peace, takes 
persons to jail if committed by the justice, serves subpoenas upon witnesses, and 
summons in civil suits. He makes searches of suspected premises for stolen 
goods, seizes and sells debtors property upon the justice's execution. He gives 
official notice by posters of township elections and four times a year is required 
to attend the court of Quarter .Sessions and report violations of law of which he 
has any knowledge. He is paid by fees which are fixed by law. 

Township Treasurer. — He is elected for one year and has charge of 
the funds of the township and gives bail for the performance of his duties. 


n /L Chiff Pt rgess. — He is the executive officer of the borough, 

o he enforces the ordinances of the Council, preserves the order 

Officers and the peace of the borough. He may punish offenders by 

fine and short imprisonment, term is 3 years and is elected by 

the people of the borough. 

CouNCii,. — They are elected for three years, one third going of office 
every year, they have control of the streets and sidewalks, of the nuisances, pro- 
vide for the lighting of the streets, water^ for general use, for protection from 
fires, lays taxes for paying the borough expenses, may borrow money for borough 
improvements The other officers are the school directors, constable, treasurer, 
supervisor, auditors whose duties are the same as those of the township. 

Mayor. — The executive officer of a city is the Mayor, his 
\^lty duties are executive and judicial. The other officers the 

Offi^gfP Aldermen, controller, assessors, collector of taxes, street 

commissioner, treasurer, solicitor, health officer, police, audi- 
tors, superintendent of schools, sometimes other officers. A city is divided into 
wards of convenient size and the officers are similar to those of the township. 
The laws are called ordinances and are enacted by the select and common 
councils and signed by the mayor or if he has any objections to the same, he 
vetoes them. A city has a charter under which it operates. 

The early justices of peace, prior to 1804 were the fol- 
Ea^rly Justices lowing : Andrew Buchman, District of Heidelberg and 
of the Peace Lowhill, townships, 1784. Frederick Laubach, District 

of Upper Milford township, 1784. Peter Rhoads, Dis- 
of Northampton and Salisbury townships, 1784. George Breinig, District of 
Macungie and Weisenberg townships, 1786. Jacob Horner, District of Heidel- 
berg and Lowhill townships, 17S7. Ludwig Stabler, District of Upper Milford 
township^ 1788. Peter Kohler, District of Whitehall township, 1791-' James 
Gill, District of Upper Milford township, 1791. Nicholas Sieger, District of 
Whitehall township, 1794. Abraham Buchman, District of Heidelberg and Low- 
hill townships, 1794. John Shimer, District of Upper Milford township, 1795. 
Henry Kooker, District of Upper Saucon township, 1795. Charles Deschler, 
District of Salisbury township, 1797. Henry Jarrett, District of Macungie and 
Weisenberg townships, 1798. Leonard Nagel, District of Salisbury township, 
179S. John Van Buskirk, District of Macungie and Weisenberg townships, 1799. 
Conrad Wetzel, District of Upper Milford township, 1799. Henry Haas, District 
of Heidelberg and Lowhill townships, 1801. David Owen, John Cooking, of 
Upper Saucon and Lewis Merkel of Macungie, were draw as members of the first 
Grand Jury, after the formation of Northampton County, October 3, 1752. 
Members to the Provincial Congress from Northampton County, (embracing at 
that time Lehigh and Carbon Counties,) in 1775 were George Taylor, John Oak- 
ley, Peter Kichlein and Jacob Arndt. Ambrose Stabler, District of Upper Mil- 
ford and Upper Saucon townships, 1802. 

That part which comprise of what is now Lehigh county was re-divided 
into new districts in 1804 and were numbered and called as follows : District 
number 4, comprising Nazareth, Bethlehem and Hanover and the justices were 
from 1804 to 1809, Adam Daniel, George Brader and Jacob Sweisshaupt and from 
1809 to 1812 was Mathias Gross. District number 7, comprised Salisbury and 
Whitehall townships, the justice from iSc^to 1812, was George Yundt. District 


number 8, comprised Macungie and Upper Milford townships and the justices 
from 1804 to 1808, were John Schuler, Anthony Stahler and Jeremiah Trexler 
and from 1808 to 181 2, Jacob Klen. District number 10, comprised Heidelberg 
and Lowhill townships and the justice from 1804 to 181 2, was William Fenster- 
macher, District number II, the justices from 1804 to 1812, were Daniel Saeger 
and John Weiss and comprised Lynn and Weisenberg townships. 

The County was divided again in 1812 into new districts as follows : ist 
district, comprising Northampton, Salisbury and Whitehall townships and the 
justices were Leonard Nagel, Peter Gross, Nicholas Sieger, Charles Deschler, 
1812 Jacob Diehl and Anthony Murich 1813, 2nd district, comprising Hanover 
township, the justice was C. F. Beitel, 1812. 3rd district, composed of the town- 
ships of Heidelberg and Lowhill, the justice was Conrad German, 1812. 4th dis- 
district, composed of Macungie and Upper Milford townships and the justices 
were John Fogel, 1S12 and Lorentz Stahler, 1813. 5th district, composed of Lynn 
and Weisenberg townships, the justice was Peter Hass, 1814. 6th district, com- 
posed Macungie and Lowhill townships, the justise was Henry Haas, 1814. 





«»-The figures at the end of each name represent in which congress he ser^-ed : for example, 
Joseph Frey, 1827-1831. 20 and 21 mean that he was a member of the 20th and 21st Congress. 

Joseph Frey, 1827-1831. 
Henry King, 1831-1835. 
Peter Newhard, 1839- 1843. 
Jacob Erdman, 1845-1847. 
*John Hornbeck, 1847 — 
tSamuel Bridges, 1847-1849. 

H. C. Longecker, 1859-1861 


4S=-Members under the first constitution, 1790, were elected for 2 years, under the constitution 
of 1838 for 3 years and under the constitntion of 1S74 for 4 years. 

Henry Jarrett, 1813-1815 i term 2 yrs Jacob Schindel, 1858-1861 i term 3 yrs 









*Thomas B. Cooper, 1861 
JJohn D. Stiles, 1862-1865 
" 1867-1871 
James S. Biery, 1873-1875 
Wm. H. Sowden, 1885-1889 
C. J. Erdman, 1 893-1897 
*Died in office. 

tSucceeded the Hon. John Hornbeck, dec'd. 
tvSucceeded the Hon. Thos. B. Cooper, dec'd. 

37 and 38 



49 " 50 

53 " 54 

Joseph Frey, 1817-1821 2 
Henry King, 1825-1829 2 
W. C. Livingstone, 1831-3 i 
John S. Gibbons, 1840-43 i 
Jacob D, Boas, 1 846-1 849 i 
William Frey, 1S52-1855 i 

Geo. B. Schall, 1864-1867 i 
Edw. Albright, 1870-1876 2 
Evan Holben, 1876-1S82 2 
M. C. Feni inger. 1882-94 3 
Harry G. Stiles, 1894-1902 2 




4®=-Under the Constitution of 1790 and iS 
Constitution of 1S74 for two years. 

8, the members were elected annually and under the 

Abraham Rinker, 1813-1817 
Philip Wint, 1813-1813 

Peter Newhard, 1817-1819 
Wm. Fenstermacher, 1817-22 
John J. Knauss, 1820-1822 
Geo. Eisenhard, 1823 

Samuel Mayer, 1824 

Peter Newhard, 1824-26-29 
Jacob Dillinger, 1826-1828 
Geo. Miller, 1816-1828 

W. C. Livingstone, 1829 

4 years. 




Daniel Edgar, 1830 

Peter Knepley, 1830-31-33 
Christian Pretz, 1831 

John Weida, 1832-1833 

Jesse Grim, 1834 

Jacob Erdman, 1834-36-3? " 
Alexander Miller, 1835 

William Stahr, 1835 

Geo. Frederick, 1836-1842 
Martin Ritter, 1837-38-39 
Benjamin Fogel, 1839-40-41 

1 yrs. 





Peter Haas, 1840-41 2 years. 

Geo. S. Eisenhard, 1842 i 

Reuben Strauss, 1S43 -44-45 3 
M. Jarrett, 1843 i 

Jesse Samuels, 1845 i 

David I^aury, 1846-50-51-52-53 5 



Peter Bauman, 1846-1847 
Samuel Marx, 1847-48-49 
Robert Klotz, 1848-1849 
James S. Reese, 1854-1855 
Joshua Frey, 1854-1855 
Herman Rupp, 1856-1857 
Tilghman Good, 1858-1860 
Samuel Balliett, 1858-1860 
Samuel J. Kistler, 1850-61 
W. C. Lichtenwalner, 1860-1 
Samuel Camp, 1862-1863 
Nelson Weiser, 1863-1864 
James F. Kline, 1863-1864 
John H. Fogel, 1866- 1867 
I 868- I 874 
Daniel Creitz, 1867-1868 
Adam Woolever, 1869-1870 
Herman Fetter. 1870-1871 

*Boas Hausman, 1872 
Robert Steckel, 1872-1873 
James Kimmett, 1873-1874 
George F. Gross, 1874-1876 
F. B. Heller, 1876-1878 
Ernest Nagel, 1876-1878 
Charles Foster, 1879-1880 
Patrick Boyle, 1880-1882 
Amandas Sieger, 1880-1882 
W. B. Erdman, 1880- 1882 
Hugh Crilly, 1884-1888 
M. B. Harwick, 1884-1888 
M. R. Schaffer, 1884-1888 
D. D. Roper, 1887-1888-1890 
Jeremiah Roth, 1886-1892 
I 898- I 900 
H. C. Wagner, 1888-1890 
M. N. Bernhard, 1890-1894 
Alvin Kern, 1 894-1 896 
John H. Pascoe, 1892-1893 
Joseph C. Rupp, 1892-1896 
M. J. Lennon, 1890-1894 
Perry Wannenmacher, 1894 

M. J. Kramlich, 1896-1898 
Jonas Moyer, 1898-1900 
Joseph W. Mayne, 1900 
*Died in Office. 

I year. 

















JUDGES FROM 1812 TO 1901. 

Robert Porter, 1812-1831 22 years. 

Garrick Mallory, 1831-1836 5 
John Banks, 18^6-1847 11 

J. Pringle Jones, 1847-1851 4 
Washington McCarty, 1851-56 5 
Henry D. Maxwell, 1856-57 i 

John K. Findly, 1857-1862 
John W. Maynard, 1861-1867 
J. Pringle Jones, 1867-1868 
A. B. Longaker, 1868-1878 
Edward Harvey, 1878-79 
Edwin Albright, 1879 — 



John Fogel, 1815-1823 

8 years, 

Jacob Stein, 1823-1838 


John F. Rufe, 1838-1839 


Joseph Sseger, 1839- 1840 


Peter Hass, 1840-1843 

1848-1849, 1851-1852 


James Frey, 1866-71 



Jacob Erdman, 1866-68 


Jacob Dillinger, 1843-48 

1852-1855 5 

John F. Rufe, 1849-51 2 

Charles Keck, 1855-56 i 
Willoughby Fogel, 1856-66 10 

Joshua Stabler, 1856-66 10 

Reuben Guth, 1866-1867 i 

S. J. Kistler, 1868-1871 3 

David I/aury, 1868-76 S 

4®="The office of Associate Judges was abolished by the Constitution of 1S74. 



From 1854 to 1901. Term, 3 years. 

Charles W. Cooper, IS54-55 i yrs. 

Tilghman Good, 1855-57 2 

H. H. Schwartz, 1857-60 3 

Tilghman Good, 1860-62 2 

Jacob Ross, 1862-63 ^ ys. 

E.J.Young, 1863-72 9 

J.O. Knauss, 1872-93 21 
Alvin Rupp, 1893 — 

.e®=Salary 1S54 to 63, $500, 63,to 66, $800, 66 to 69, $1000, 69 to 93, $1300 and 93 to 1902, $1500 per year. 

1902 to — $1800. 


R. K. Buehrle, 1868-78 
George Desh, 1878-81 

From 1868 to 1901. 

10 yrs. 

Term, 3 years. 

L.'B. Landis, 1881-93 
F. D. Raub, 1893 

12 yrs. 

4®=-Salary 1868, S900. From 1893 to— $1500. 



From 1812 to 1902. Term 3 years. 
The Sheriffs were appointed until 1839, when the office became elective. 

Peter Hauck 
George Klotz 
Anthony Musick 
Charles L. Ilutter 
^Abraham Rinker 
Daniel Mertz 
Jacob Hagenbuch 
Jonathan D. Meeker 
George Wetherholt 

* Ser%'ed two 

David Stein 
Charles Ihrie 
Joseph F. Newhard 
Nathan Weiler 
Henry Smith 
Charles B. Haines 
Herman M. Fetter 
Jacob Holben 
John P. Miller 

Owen W. Faust 
Edwin Zimmerman 
Thomas B. Morgan 
George Bower 
Charles B. Maberry 
Frank Rabenold 
Frank Bower 
Frank C. H. Schwoyer 
Wayne Bitting 
J. B. Waidlich 

John Mulhollen 
Henry Wilson 
Christian Beitel 
Charles L. Hutter 
Daniel Kreamer 
E. W. Hutter 
Charles Craig 
Jacob Dillinger 


From 1812 to 1902. Term 3 years. 

Jesse Samuels 
Daniel Mertz 
Nathan Miller 
Francis E. Samuels 
James Lackey 
Isaiah Rehrig 
Jacob S. Dillinger 
Henry Saylor 

Henry Wagner 
Tilghman D. Frey 
James Hausman 
Edwin Stein 
Rufus E. Erdman 
William H. Snyder 
John F. Stine 


Leonard Nagel 
George Marx 
James Hall 
John Wilson 
William Boas 
A. Gangewere 
George Stein 
Nathan German 

Leonard Nagel 
George Marx 
James Hall 
John Wilson 
William Boas 
Samuel Marx 
Tilghman Good 


From 1812 to 1902. Term 3 years. 

Charles Gross 
Benjamin Krauss 
George S. Gross 
Joseph Saeger 
Jonathan Trexler 
Silas Camp 
John F. Seiberling 
Edwin Breder 


From 1812 to 1902. Term 3 years. 

Edward Beck 
Joshua Stabler 
Samuel Colver 
Jacob Slemmer 
S. R. Engleman 
E. R. Newhard 
Henry German 

Dallas Dillinger 

Joseph Rupp 

Henry J. Gackenbach 

Morris Stephens 

E. R. Benner 

W. Mattias Ritter 

George E. Knerr 

E. B. Horlacher 
Tilghman F. Keck 
Obadiah Peiflfer 
James B. Smith 
Henry Heiiman 
Franklin Weaver 
H. F. Longecker 


John MulhoUen 
Henry Wilson 
Christian F. Beitel 
Fred Hyneman 
Henry Jarrett 
Jacob Dillinger 
Henry W. Knipe 
Charles S. Busch 

From 1812 to 1902. Term, 3 years. 

W, Selfridge 
John D. Lawall 
Nathan Metzer 
James Mickley 
Boas Hausman 
George W. Hertzel 
J. E. Zimmerman 
A. L. Ruhe 


Joseph Hunter 
F. J. Newhard 
John P. Goundie 
James H. Crader 
Allen W. Haines 
Nathan E. Worman 
E. L. Newhard 
F'rancis Kreitz 
Oscar P. Werley 

John Muhlhollen 
Henry Wilson 
Christian F. Beitel 
Fred. Hyneman 
Henry Jarrett 
Jacob Dillinger 
Henry W. Knipe 
Charles S, Busch 

From i8i2to 1902. Term, 

W. Selfridge 
John D. Lawall 
Nathan Metzgar 
James Mickley 
Boas Hausman 
George W. Hertzel 1 
J. E. Zimmerman 
A, L. Ruhe 

3 years. 

Francis Weiss 
John Van Billiard 
Henry W. Mohr 
Charles B. Klein 
W. R. Klein 
L. S. Lenhart 
Franklin Hartman 
Martin Klingler 
Albert O, Strauss 


From 181 2 to 1902. Term, 3 years. 

Peter Dorney Jacob Marx Ephraim Yohe 

Peter Newhard Solomon Gangewere James Busch 

Henry Weaver John Eisenhard William H. Romig 

Daniel Mertz Charles Troxell Americus V. Mosser 


Andrew Knauss 
Benjamin Fogel 
Jacob Schantz 
Peter Miller 
Daniel Klein 
Charles Foster 

John Erdman 
Jacob Mayer 
Joshua Stabler 
Owen Sanger 
Owen Faust 
Edwin G. Martin 


John Osman 
Israel Troxell 
Thomas F. Martin 
W. S. Berlin 
Howard Kramer 
Alfred J. Yost 
James Goheen 

From 1812 to 1902. Term, 3 years. 

John Pogel 
Charles I,. Hutter 
Henry Weaver 
Jacob C. Newhard 
Charles Saeger 
Abraham Gangewere 
Michael Eberhard 
John J. Krauss 
George Haberacker 
George Rhoads 
Jacob D. Boas 
William H. Blumer 

Tilghman H. Martin 
Joshua House 
Charles H. Martin 
Ephraim Yohe 
Aaron Troxell 
Jacob Fisher 
Thomas Steckel 
William Reimer 
Reuben Engelman 
David Schaadt 
J Franklin Reichard 
Simon Meyer 

Daniel Bittner 
Peter Heller 
Peter Hendricks 
Charles Keck 
John J. Trexler 
George Kuhl 
Tilghman Buskirk 
Daniel Wannemaker 
John J. Schaadt 
John R. Gossler 
James M. Sechler 
Sylvester Hartman 


From 1814 to 1902. 

George Eisenhard 
Andrew K. Witman 
John Sherer 
Francis Weiss 

Term, 3 years. 

Jonas Haas 
Willoughby Fogel 
John Lawall 
George Blank 

Solomon Fogel 
Jesse Samuels 
Tobias Kessler 


From 1812 to 1902. Term, 3 years. 

Wm. Fenstermacher 
Abraham Greisheimer 
John Yeakel 
Philip Kleckner 
Jacob Newhard 
Jacob Schaffer 
John Yeakel 
John Billig 
John Spagenberg 
John W^annemaker 
Abraham Schaffer 
Solomon Gangewere 
Peter Marx 
Conrad Knerr 
John Bogert 
John Rinker 
John Greenewald 
Joshua Frey 
Henry Pares 

Timothy Weiss 
John Yost 
Daniel Stabler 
Peter Romig 
Charles Foster 
Samuel Camp 
John Lichtenwalner 
Benjamin Breinig 
Samuel Knauss 
Peter Engelman 
Daniel Hausman 
Joseph Miller 
John Weber 
Samuel Sieger 
John Erdman 
Gideon Marks 
Levi Dornblaser 
John Peter 
Paul Bjilliett 

Hiram Balliett 

Jacob A. Leiby 

Jesse Soliday 
*Daniel Lauer 
*Alexander Singmaster 

Alexander McKee 

David L. Bamer 

Jonathan Barrall 

Thomas Casey 

George K. Carl 

William F. Schmoyer 

John Hottenstein 

Charles F. Hartzell 

W. B. Moyer 

W. Stephen Knaus."; 

Daniel Schmoyer 

Daniel Weiser 

John L. Schreiber 

Wayne Holben 


Jacob Ward 
Casper Peters 
Jacob Schwent 
William Eckert 
J. Smidt 

Solomon Greisheimer 
Martin Ritter 
John Scherer 
Jacob Derr 
Henry Leh 
Philip Pierson 

George Neinieyer 
Daniel Bittner 
William Gabel 
Joseph Newhard 
Reuben Banner 
Jonas Hollenbach 
Daniel Focht 
Thomas Jacoby 
Henry Pearson 
Stephen Kern 
John Strauss 

Cornelius Acker 
Harrison Bortz 
Phaon Diehl 
James F. Jordan 
Milton Kurtz 
Stephen Neumoyer 
Richard Klotz 
Edward B. NefF 
George F. Schlicher 
William Brown 
Joseph P. Snyder 


From 1813 to 1902. Term, 3 years 

George Rhoads 
John Knecht 
George Rhoads 
James Hall 

Josiah Rhoads 
Abraham Ziegenfuss 
Jesse Line 
Edward Beck 

Godfrey Peters 
Lewis M. Eugelman 
Victor Earner 
Henry C. Wagner 
Henry W, Fusselman 


From 1813 to 1902. Term, 3 years. 

George Eisenhard 
John Spangenberg 
John Weiss 
Henry Weber 
George Eisenhard 
J. Geiger 
John Stein 
John Wilson 
Samuel Moyer 
James Hall 
George Breinig 
Jacob Dillinger 
Andreas Schifferstein 
John Marx 
H. W. Kneiss 
Peter Kneppen 
Benjamin Fogel 
H. VV. Kneiss 
Jacob C. Kistler 
Henry Guth Jr. 
Joseph Frey Jr. 
Daniel Fried 
Jacob Moser 
Charles C. Buroch 
David Follweiler 
John Ritter 

George Miller 
Benjamin Breinig 
John D. Lawall 
Nathan Miller 
Charles Ritter 
Nathan German 
Herman Rupp 
Paul Balliett 
Charles L. Newhard 
John H. Clifton 
George Blank 
Jonas Haas 
Hiram Schwartz 
Franklin J. Ritter 
Eli J. Saeger 
Samuel J. Kistler 
John R. Schall 
Daniel H. Creitz 
Robert Yost 

*W. J. Hoxworth 
Charles Foster 
Joel Stettler 
Owen Schaadt 

*George Blank 
Daniel Clader 
Abraham Zienfuss 

*Served two terms 

Jacob Lichty 
Wilson P. Reidy 
Solomon F, Rupp 
J. Wilson Wood 
Franklin Harwick 
Franklin D. Acker 
Alvin Diefenderfer 
Frank J. Peter 
George N. Kramer 
Jacob S. Renninger 
Astor Saeger 
Morris Schmidt 
Henry Kelchner 
Alexander J. Zellner 
H. C. Kleckner 
Clinton O. Fogel 
Charles S. Shimer 
Edwin Heilman 
Frank Brinker 
Milton Schantz 

*Frank Faust 
Charles H. Kramlich 
P'ranklin L. Roth 

*Williani H. Knauss 
Thomas P. Roth 
Alexander Fatzinger 
R. H. Heil 



From 1846 to 1902. Term, 3 years. 

R. E. Wright 
C. M. Runk 
H. C. Longecker 
John D. Stiles 
William S. Marx 
Geor^^e B. Sdiall 
Adam Woolever 

Jesse Grim 
M. D. Eberhard 
John Blank 
Henrj' Schantz 
Jonas Brobst 
Daniel Miller 
Henry Diefenderfer 
Hiram J. Schantz 
Peter Romig 
Solomon Klein 
Samnel Eberhard 
John Maddern 
John Bortz 
Jesse Grim 

Thomas Faust 
Thomas B. Faust 

Edwin Albright 
Thomas B. Metzgar 
William H. Sowden 
C. J. Erdman 
M. C. Ilenninger 
Arthur Dewalt 
J. M. Wright 


From 1S44 to 1902. 

Benjamin Jarrett, 
Leonard Meyer 
Jacob Andreas 
Perry Weaver 
Charles Wenner 
Jacob Andreas 
Jacob SchafFer 
Solomon Griesemer 
Daniel B. Mohr 
Henry Ritter 
Reuben Henninger 
John Erdman 
Jonas Hartzell 
Reuben Henninger 
Silas G. Croll 


William Dech 
Thomas B. Faust 

Marcus C. L. Kline 
Harry G. Stiles 
James L. Schaadt 
John L. Schwartz 
Clinton A. Groman 
E. J. Lichtenwalner 

John Erdman 

Jonas Hartzell 

John Sieger 

David Wisser 

Jesse Marcks 
John Sieger 
Owen Schaadt 
Willoughby S. Guth 
John W. Schwartz 
Samuel B. Engleman 
William Deibert 
Reuben M. Roeder 
Tliomas F. Good 
Elias Bittner 
Erasanius Kern 

Josiah Henninger 
Moses Kern 
S. A. J. Kern 




Following is the list of soldiers who marched to the defence of our 
country from the French and Indian War, 1754, down to the Spanish-American 
War, 1898. They were all mustered in from Lehigh County : 

(*) Killed in battle or died in the service. 

French and Indian War, I754-I763* 

George Wolf, Capt. 
Abraham Rinker, Lieut. 
Philip Koogler 
Peter Miller 
Jacob Wolf 
Simon Lagundaker 
George Nicholas 
David Deschler 

Abraham Savitz 
George Lauer 
George S. Schneff 
Michael Rothrock 
Leonard Abel 
Tobias Dittes 
Lorentz Hauk 
Simon Bremer 

25 men 

Revolutionary Wa.r. 1775-1783. 

John M. Derr 
Peter Roth 
Frank Kieffer 
Jacob Mohr 
Martin Frederick 
John Schreck 
Daniel Nunnemacher 
Peter Schwab 
Frederick Schachler 

1st Company, 2nd Pennsylvania Battalion, Colonel Arthur St. Clair, Commander. 

Thomas Dobbs 
Evan Evans 
Daniel Foulk 
Samuel Grimes 

Thomas Craig, Capt. 
Rudolph Burner, Capt. 
Andrew Kachline, Lieut. 
Isaac Dunn, ist Lieut. 
John Craig, 2nd Lieut. 

Leonard Haus 

James Armstrong, 2d Lieut William Hirkie 

Thomas Park 
Abraham Dull 
Robert Marshall 
Peter Smith 
Abraham Horn 
Christian Shous 
John Cary 
John McMichael 
John Minor 
George Gauge were 
Stephen Fuller 
Peter Byle 
Henry Powleson 

Frederick Horn 
George Huntsman 
Nicholas Kautzman 
George Kuhns 
Leonard Labar 
John Mann 
Lawrence Mann 
Conrad Menges 
John Mock 
Leonard Nagel 
George Phass 
Stephen Prang 
Conrad Rusarch 

Peter Fleek 
Henry Freedley 
Philip Groob 
John Hindman 
Ludwig Hoffman 
John Hubler 
Jost Martin 
Charles King 
Michael Kuhns 
Melchior Labar 
Christian Miller 
Matthias Miller 
David Minton 
Robert Morey 
Samuel Ney 
Jacob Powells 
Thomas Ramsay 
Daniel Reyley 
Abraham Rinker 


Robert Schearer 
James Sweeney 
Samuel Mann 
John Acker 
Anthony Assur 
Jacob Byle 
Peter Bowerman 
John Boyer 
Adam Branthuwer 
Jacob Davenport 
John Davis 

91 men 

John Arndt, Capt. 
Peter Kichline, Lieut. 
Robert Scott 
Jacob Kichline 
Daniel Lewis 
John McFerren 
Jacob Wagner 
Henry Wolf 
Henry Fatzinger 
Daniel Sehler 
Benjamin Depui 
Henry Unangst 
James Ferrill 
George Essig 
Valentine Yent 
Jacob Miller 
^Andrew Heister 
*Thomas Seybert 
*Joseph Stout 
*Martin Derr 
*Metthias Steittinger 

Philip Arndt 

Elijah Crawford 

Peter Richter 

John Middagh 

Robert Lyle 

Samuel McCracken 

Michael Kehler 

Isaac Shoemaker 

88 men 

Jonathan Richard 
Timothy Roger 
Josiah Crane 
Butler Crist 

Alexander Cunningham 
Peter Daily 
John Darling 
David Darling 
*Evan Davis 
Daniel Diehl 
John Docker 

Baxter's Battalion. 

Christian Stout 

Alexander Sylleman 

Adam Yohe 

Conrad Smith 

John Kestler 

James Symonton 

Michael Kress 
*Andrew Kiefer 
*John DufFord 
*Jacob Weidnecht 
*George Frey 
*Henry Bush 

Peter Bush 
*Jeter Blyer 

Peter Lehr 

Peter Fress 
^Abraham Peter 
*Laurence Erb 
*Isaac Shimer 

Henry Althouse 
*Christian Rodt 
*John Ross 
*John Bush 
*Paul Reiser 
*Isaac Berlin 
*Jacob Engler 
*Joseph Keller 
*Fred Wilhelm 
*Adam Bortz 

Thomas Schaffer 
John Shearer 
Peter Smith 
Peter Standley 
George Sterner 
Robert Wilson 
John Shannon 
Philip Smith 
David Stinson 
James Thompson 
Jacob Weiss 
Felty Yeisley 

Total number of men furnished during the Revol 
W&r of 1812. 

^Frederick Wagner 
*Henry Fretz 
*Henry Straup 
*Chri9tian Harpel 
*Henry Weidnecht 
*Adam Weidknecht 
*George Edinger 
*Peter Kern 
*Anthony Frutchy 
*Philip Bosh 
*Barnett Miller 
*John Harpel 
Joseph Martin 
*John Arndt 
*John Wolf 
*James Hynshaw 
*Jacob Andrews 
*Conrad Bittenbender 
*John Shuck 
*Frederick Rieger 
*Lewis Collins 
*William Warrard 
*Henry Wolf, Sr. 
*Samuel Correy 
*Henry Bush, Jr. 
Isaac Koon 
*Joseph Minim 
*Jacob Transfeeter 
*Jacob Kreidler 
*Jacob Chase 

utionary War. iSo 

5th Company, 2nd Light Infantry. 

John Ruhe, Capt. 
Jacob Blumer, Lieut. 
S. Fatzinger 

Daniel Keiper 
Barthold Balliett 
Jacob Mohr 

David Huber 
William Keiper 
George Mertz 


William Miller 
"William Dobbins 
George KauiTman 
Isaac Gangewere 
John Mohr 
Daniel Schwander 
John Miller 
Andrew Keiper 
John Klotz 
Charles A. Ruhe 
George Haveracher 
Peter Biery 
Peter Keiper 
Jacob Mickley 
Henry Stattler 

Henry Ebner 
John Reep 
John Wagner 
J acob Houck 
Charles L. Hutter 
John Wilson 
Benjamin Raser 
John Stettler 
Christian Seip ^ 
Peter Keichline 
Leonard Nagel 
William Weaver 
John Weal 
David Houck 
Adam Gudeknecht 

WiUiam Keiper 
George Mertz 
Matthias Schwenk 
N/ Jacob Seip 
John Good 
Samuel Horn 
Abraham Derr 
Andrew Klotz 
William Keichline 
George Spinner 
Jacob Gossler 
Charles Weaver 
Henr}' Gross 
William Ginkinger 
Henry Reichard 

58 men 
1st Company of Riflemen, Pennsyl 

Abra. Gang were, Capt. 
Daniel Moyer, Lieut. 
Jacob Newhard, 2d '" 
Jacob Stein 
John Dull 
Daniel Quier 
Jacob Ouier 
Joseph Long 
Joseph Nagel 
Daniel Quear 
Daniel C. Daniel 
Jacob Schwenk \> 

Daniel Keik 
Joseph Keider 
Solomon Brobst 
Abraham Moyer 
James Yundt 
Benjamin Shoemaker 
Daniel Hilman 
James linkinger 
Peter Hoff 
Henry Brobst 
Henry Amheiser 
George Floats 
George Kentz 
Adam Keller 
Pitkin Minor 
Abraham Beidelman 
Abraham Keiper 
Daniel Bickel 
Jacob Keiper 
John Boyer 
Joseph Rose 

Charles Hauer 
Peter Hoffman 
Henry Hartman 
George Fisher 
Henry Good 
Jacob Long 
Matthias Eline 
Peter Laudenschlager 
George Henry 
David Huberstine 
Gottlieb Foght 
Thomas Gangwere 
Henry Acker 
Jacob Shivrj' 
William Shriver 
Gabriel Woodring 
John Flexer 
James Hamor 
John Miller 
Jacob Frack 
John Schantz 
John Guishler 
George Hill 
Michael Freyman 
Solomon Rownholl 
Adam Highleager 
Frederick Heller 
Peter Minnich 
Henry Rice 
George Breder 
Israel Troxell 
John Caldwell 
Henry Fatzinger 

vania Militia. 

John Diehl 
John Besh 
Michael Good 
Jacob Reichenbach 
Michael Druckenmiller 
John Nerfer 
Jacob Nagel 
John Miller Jr. 
Cornelius Reinbolt 
William Schleifer 
Frederick Rider 
Peter Kuntz 
Henry Rish 
Henry Snyder 
George Herner 
V Peter Seip 

Peter Ebenrider 
Jacob Koch 
Jacob Erich 
Elias Kiefer 
Jacob Hower 
Jonathan Ott 
John Flower 
Jacob Mushlitz 
Michael Sentel 
Philip Nagel 
Conrad Well 
Jacob Hillegas 
Henry Schantz 
George Wetzel 
John Snyder 
Michael Poe 
George Lehr 


John Frain 
Nicholas Moyer 
Daniel Rhoads 
George Litzenberger 
Philip Kuntz 

John Ehrhard 
Henry Bering 
Henry Kemnierer 
John Laudenschlager 
George Besh 

114 men 

i8th Section of Riflemen. 

Conrad Rau 
Abraham Luckenbach 
Jacob Schantz 
Jeremiah Heller 
Solomon Good 

Abraham Rinker, Capt. Adam Hartzel 

Peter Knauss 
Peter Lehr 
Jacob Marck 
John Strauss 
John ShiflFert 
George Nunnemaker 
Conrad Stahl 
John Keck 
Ferdinand Woodring 
Henry Bower 
Daniel Siegfried 
Henry Hartzell 
George Mayer 
Adam Smith 
Jacob Hartzell 
John Reinbold 
Solomon Lucas 
George Strauss 
Jacob Yohe 
Christian Deily 
Peter Moll 

Light Horse Company. 
been preserved. 

Peter Ruch, Capt. 
William Boas, Lieut. 
Peter Good 
James Seagus 

13 men 

Peter Steinberger 
Conrad Kerschner 
Charles Dull 
Solomon Kleckner 
John Whiteman 
Michael Shoudt 
Henry Nunnemaker 
David Keck 
Michael Lehr 
Adam Lehr 
Adam Mensch 
Andrew Hartzel 
Jonathan Diefenderfer 
Jacob Deily 
Nathaniel Yost 
Jacob Whiteman 
George Moritz 
Solomon Hartzell 
Jacob Gordon 
Adam Good 
Peter Cook 65 men 

Only partial list is given as the muster roll has not 

George Horlacher 
Lewis Kunkel 
Jacob Beidelman 
Adam Hicker 
Michael Lower 
Henry Swander 
Daniel Fetzer 
George SchafTer 
John Billig 
Daniel Eschenbach 
George Bortz 
Frederick Newhard 
Jacob Steinberger 
Jonas Spangler 
Adam Sherer 
Jacob Bachman 
John Rau 
Peter Klotz 
John Ealer 
Peter Mensch 
Henry Frantz 

Peter Troxell Michael Frack 

Solomon Steckel John Swartz 

John Deichman Jacob Schreiber 

Peter Burkhalter Daniel Leisering 

Peter Leisering 

Captain Dornblaser's Co. Not all the members of the company were from 
Lehigh county, but from Northampton and Pike counties. 

Jacob Place 
Frederick Horeman 
Sylvester Kincaid 
Anthony Vanetter 
Robert Impson 
Isaac Steel 
John Beard 
John Lowman 

J. Dornblaser, Capt. 
John V. Bush, Lieut 
John Winters 
David Smith 
John Hartzell 
Nicholas Teel 
Samuel Stocker 
Isaac Saylor 
John Dietz 
Peter Snyder 
John Ostertack 

George Nolf 
Jacob Bunstein 
Adam Young 
George Wil lower 
Joseph Winner 
Leonard Kehler 
Daniel Kehler 
John Staufer 

Jacob Gangwere 
Lawrence Nye 
Joseph Stein er 

John Stine 
Philip Keeter 
Henry Miller 


Joseph Shaffer 
Samuel Hoffert 
Conrad Walter 
David Stocker 
Abraham Miller 
Freeman Price 
J. Hutmacher 
Christian Wineland 
Jacob Stocker 
Jeremiah R. Holman 
Andrew Nye 
Daniel Miller 
George Hahn 
Peter Schick 
Frederick Greys 
John Winner 
Frederick Fenner 
John W. Morrison 
Jacob Hartzell 
Henry Barrett 
William Brady 
Jonas Hockman 
George Rape 
John Ward 
- John Young 

Peter Hahn 
George Myer 
Jacob Keyser 
Jacob Swartwood 
Philip Fisher 
John Crawford 
David Shepherd 
David Evans 
John Barr 
Leonard Kester 
Obed Morris 
Adam Barr 
William Bureau 
Samuel Smell 
John Grover 
George Serfass 
Jacob Christman 
John Mack 
George Miller 
James Brewer 
Jacob Merwine 
George Rinker 
Alexander McGammon 
John Faulk 

Cornelius Van Horn 
Joseph Cooper 
John Clark 
Jacob Arndt 
Conrad Ehrie 
Henry Myer 
Dewald Fisher 
John Klinetrup 
Thomas Pasty 
John Schwenk 
Christopher Smith 
John Huston 
Samuel Reese 
Peter Strunk 
Garret Coolbaugh 
Barnet Bunnel 
John Adams 
Samuel Vandenmark 
John Howe 
William Vansickel 
Levi Cortright 
George Watson 

107 men 

Peter Jayne 
Number of men furnished during the war of 1812. 353. 

During the Mexican War of 1845 and 1848 not many volunteers went forth 
from our county, because mostly of them came from the Southern States on ac- 
count of their nearness to the seat of war. Among those that went from Lehigh 
county was Henrj^ C. Longecker, who served as Lieutenant and Adjutant of his 
Regiment under General Winfield Scott in his campaign from Vera Cruz to the 
city of Mexico, taking part in all the battles leading to the capture of the city by 
General Scott, Lieutenant Longecker, afterwards served as Colonel of the 9th 
Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861 and 1865 and acquitted himself with 
gallantry and honor. 

The Civil Wa.r of 186I to 1865. 

Allen Guards. Three months service, mustered in April iSth, iS6f. 

Thomas Yeager, Capt. 
James Wilson, ist Lieut. 
Joseph Wilt, 2d Lieut. 
John E. Webster 
Solomon Goble 
Daniel Kramer 
Charles Dietrich 
Milton Dunlap 
Gideon Frederick 
William G. Frame 
James Geidner 
John Houck 

Henry W. Derr 
William Early 
Nathan R. Fuller 
Edwin Gross 
George F. Henry 
Nathan Hillegass 
George Hoxworth 
Edwin M. Hittte 
William Kress 
Martin W. Leisenrinj 
Edwin H. Miller 
Charles A. PeifTer 

John F. Uhler 
Allen Wetherhold 
William Wagner 
Benneville Weyandt 
David Jacob 
George W. Keiper 
Franklin Leh 
Henry McNulty 
Jonathan W. Bieber 
Ernest Rothman 
John Romig 
Henry Storch 


Joseph Hettinger 

. F. Wilt 
William Wolf 
Ignatz Gressor 
Norman Cole 

William Rulie 
George W. Rhoads 
Sanmel Sclienck 
Charles A. Schiffert 
Lewis G. Seip 

Company I, First Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers 
2oth, 1861. 

]\I. II. vSigman 
Adolphus Scheidler 
Ernville Scheidler 
David Weiss 
Joseph Weiss 

51 men 

Mustered in April 

William Gougler, Capt. 
E. P. Rhoads, rst Lieut. 
Benjamin Roth, 2d Lieut. 
Edwin G. Mensch 
Noah Trumbore 
Mahlon Frick 
Charles Mertz v/' 
Augustus Ebert 
James Albright 
Wellington Blank 
Anthony Behler 
Nelson Christ 
Tilghman Dennis 
Perry Egge 
Abeile Heelman 
Henry Fried 
Henry Trumbore 
Daniel C. Miller 
Julius Benkert 
Tilghman Albright 
Henry A. Blumer 
^Daniel Bechtel 
David Bergenstock 
William Desh 
John Eichel 
William Ginginger 

William Gaumer 
Jonas Heldt 
Peter Huber 
William Hilliard 
Charles Haines 
David Hardner 
Thomas Keck 
Solomon Kramer 
William Kleckner 
Henry Keiper 
Thomas Laubach 
Tilghman Miller 
Henry Mohr 
William J. Moyer 
John Nunnenmacher 
Andrew Nagel 
Peter Remmel 
Tilghman Ritz 
Edward Remmel 
Richard Saeger 
Charles Schwenk 
James Stuber 
Franklin Trexler 
Walter Van Dyke 
Abraham Worman 
Franklin Wasser 
Henry Wagner 

Henry Guth 

Company D, 9th Regiment, Pennsylvania 
24th, 1861. H. C. Longecker, Colonel; Wm. H. 
G. D. Hand, Capt. Benedict Fondran 

C. A. G. Keck, ist Lieut. John Grate 
Enoch Phillips, 2d Lieut. 
William Semmer 

Morgan Richards 
Richard Wilson 
Granville Hangams 
William Miller 
Samuel Barrows 
Hugh Clement 
Richard Crogan 
Henry Detweiler 
Daniel Daniels 

John Hopkins 
James Elliot 
Francis Henry 
Robert Hammersley 
Joseph Jones 
John Kane 
Edwin Keiser 
Tilghman Leist&r 
Peter Leister 
William Meyers 
Charles Michael 

Willoughby Gaumer 
Oliver Hiskey 
William P. Harris 
Ellis Hammersley 
Martin Hackman 
Charles Hackman 
Henry Haldeman 
Lewis Kochler 
Franklin Keck 
Melchior Konald 
Alonzo Kuhns 
Benjamin Kleckner 
Zomes Leiser 
Henry Miller 
Charles Miller 
James McCrystal 
Daniel Nunnenmaker 
Jesse Ochs 
Edwin Rehr 
Lewis Rehr 
\/ James Seip 

Christian Stahley 
Joseph Steele 
Joseph Smith 
Henry Trexler 
George Wenner 

81 m«n 

Volunteers. INIustered in April 
H. Hangen, Lieutenant Colon ef. 

Cornelius i\IcGee 
Joshua McHose 
John Patrick 
William Paul 
Wilson Rohn 
Joshua Schwab 
James R. Snyder 
William Schlosser 
Stephen Smith 
David A. Tombler 
Charles Vouland 
Robert Williams 
Abraham Wolf 


John McCloskey 
John McHecker 
Levi Stubler 
Tilghman Miller 
Charles Nolf, jr. 
William Williams 
Henry Stresser 
Samuel Arthur 
William Baumeister 
Levi Craft 
Michael Cooney 
Isaac Davis 
Evan Edwards 

Henry Eckenberger 
John Graham 
William Hopkins 
James Hughes 
James Hetthenson 
Jacob Hacker 
Edward Kramsic 
Lorentz Kick 
William Keiser 
Samuel Lockwood 
Thomas Llewellyn 
John Morrison 
Lewis Mauley 

William Pauley 
David Ruse 
Augustus Ritter 
William T. Snyder 
William Sattenfuse 
Samuel Smith 
Henry Steiuberger 
James Vansyschell 
Frank Wilson 
William Werley 
Francis Xander 
James Young 

I men 

Company G., 46th, Regiment Pennsylvania 
17th, 1 861 

Vcdunteers. Mustered in Aug. 

Solomon J. Rowe 
William McGonegle 
John Brown 
William Pritchard 
*David McCandless 
*John A. Richards 
*Frank Ward 
John Blair 
Thomas Mooney 
James McCracken 
John Reed 
Samuel Zellner 
John McFadden 
Benjamin Beidelman 
Thomas McMurtrie 
Elias Beidelman 
James McClellan 
John McMurtrie 
Edward Rogers 

57 men 

47th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers. Three years service. Mustered 
in from August 17th to September 20th, 1861. Colonel, T. H. Good, Lieutenant 
Colonels, J. P. S. Gobin and G. W. Alexander, C. W. Abott, Majors, Wm. Caus- 
ler, Levi Stuber, J. W. Fuller, W. H. H. Hangen, James Van Dyke, Francis Z. 
Heebner, W. H. Ginkinger. 

Company B. 
E. P. Rhoads, Capt. Ambrose Detrick 
H. A. Halteman, Lieut. John Flemming 
Allen Balliett, 2, " John Fries 
William Kleckuer *Edwin Fink 

Thomas F. Sourwine William Geist 

William Gangwere 
W. H. Ginkinger 
Allen L. Kramer 
Levi Knerr 

Lewis Arnold, Capt. 

W. R. Thomas, Lieut. 

Joseph Matchette 

Robert Wilson 

Daniel Davis 

Morgan Edwards 

John Moore 

Robert Williams 

Hugh Lyons 

Wallace Price 

John Leo 
*David Bachman 

Alexander Donegle 
*Andrew Sinly 
*George Hasson 

James McQuillen 

Isaac Davis 

Edward Cramsic 

William McMonagle 

John Patrick 
John Davis 
John H. Price 
Daniel Desmond 
John McQuillen 
Daniel Dyer 
*John Cannon 
Philip Hill 
John Kilpatrick 
James McLaughlin 
Patrick Reily 
W. S. Thompson 
Patrick Sullivan 
Philip Gallagher 
James Adams 
Condy Patrick 
Edward Mullen 
H. W. Ehret 
Jeremiah Keef 

T. Bergenstock 
Charles E. Miller 
*Edwin G. Minnich 
R. A. Hillard 

Daniel E Hettle 
John Horn 
*Joseph Repsher 
Joseph Housman 
Alvin J. Hartzell 
Peter H. Halteman 
Peter Halteman 
*William Hilliard 
James A. Jackson 


*Allen Gaumer 
John Houck 
Franklin Fatzinger 
Oliver Hiskey 
Matthew R. Tuller 
John Eisenhard 
Charles H. Knauss 
T. Reinsmith 
Harrison Geiger 
Allen J. Reinhard 
Francis H. Strachley 
John A. Darrohn 
Thomas Miller 

*Francis Xander 
Henry Strominger 

*Alfred Eisenbrown 
G. Assenheimer 

*John Apple 
William Bieber 
Jacob Bast 
Frederick Bohlen 

*Henry Beltz 
H. Bergenstock 
G. Chamberlain 
Ephraim Clader 
John Dingier 

*Solomon Diehl 
Perry Eggye 
Peter Ferber 
George Funk 
Evan Geidner 
John Graver 
Charles Bachman 
Henry Kramer 
Daniel Gehrhard 
Valentine Fisher 
George J. Weiss 
Henry Storch 
Henry A. Schwartz 
v^ Lewis Seip 

*Aaron Fink 
Jesse Remmel 
James Hamilton 
Adam Garrett 
John D. Albright 
Cornelius Acker 

*Jacob Apple 
H. Bergenstock 
Alexander Blumer 
Lewis Brong 

*Josiah Braden 

Howard King 
*William Kern 
Leander Labar 
Josiah R. Lentz 
John D. Lansteren 
Samuel Lutz 
George Mennig 
Dennis Miller 
Henry Miller 
Luther Mennig 
Philip Metzgar 
*Conrad Meirknecht 
George Nunnenmacher 
Andrew Osman 
Henry Pauley 
*Edwin Pammer 
George Reichard 
Christian Reinhard 
Allen P. Rhoads 
Ernest Ruttman 
*Nathan George 
Franklin Hiskey 
Thad. Heckworth 
William Hillard 
Francis Z. Hubner 
Levenas Hedrick 
George Jacob 
*John Johnson 
John King 
Henry Knauss 
Henry Kramer 
Phaon Kein 
Alonzo Labar 
Martin Leisenring 
James F. Liegen 
James Lutz 
Charles Labold 
Albert Miller 
Barnett Morgan 
Levi Martin 
Joseph Mentz 
Charles A. Martin 
John T. Nixon 
Allen Newhard 
Charles PfeifFer 
Obediah PfeifFer 
Tilghman Ritz 
Peter Remmel 
Edwin Remmel 
George Rich 
Samuel S. Rogers 

John E. Shaffer 
Thomas James 
Isaac N. Smith 
Benjamin Smith 
William Smiley 
Casper Schreiner 
Aaron Serfass 
Charles Siegfried 
William Stuber 
*August C. Scherer 
Charles Swenk 
Joseph Smith 
Charles Savitz 
Allen Trexler 
*James Tice 
Oliver Van Billiard 
Charles Wagnar 
William J. Weiss 
John Wieand 
Abraham Wolf 
Dallas Xander 
Joseph Young 
Henry Reinhard 
Joseph Repshar 
Haldeman Reymond 
John Seislove 
W. H. Smith 
Barclay Smith 
Franklin Smith 
Charles Studley 
Hiram Schaffer 
Franklin Sieger 
James Springer 
F'rancis Stuber 
*John Schimpf 
George Smith 
*Thomas Steffen 
David Steffen 
Charles Trexler 
Christian Ungerer 
Martin Van Billard 
Nelson Wilhelm 
Harrison Wieand 
William Wieand 
Benjamin Wieand 
Franklin Young 
Daniel Young 
*Franklin Rhoads 
George Shaneberger 
George Deal 
Joseph Danohn 


James Barry 
Thomas Cope 

J, D. Rabenold 
Edwin Reichard 

190 men 

Company F, 47thRegiment. From Catasauqua. 

Henry Hart. Capt. 
Ed. Gilbert, 
G. Fuller, ist Lieut. 
Henry Bush, 2, " 
T. F.Lambert, 2 " 
Richard Schwab 
John L. Jones 
Albert McHoe 

*David A. Frey 
John Guth 
Thomas B. Glick 
*Addison R. Geho 
*Joseph Gross 
William Hollenbach 
Joseph Hossler 
Joseph Heckman 

James Fuller, i, Lieut. Henry Hummel 

Benjamin Bush 
F. Longenhagen 
Spencer Tettermer 
Martin O'Brien 
Walter Moyer 
James E. Patterson 
Joseph Schwab 
Franklin Arnold 
David Tombler 
Peter Andreas 
David A. Akroth 
Henry Buss 
Philip Bohner 
Stephen Beers 
Godfrey Betz 
Alfred Biege 
P. Bartholomew 
Charles Buss 
W. Bartholomew 

Joseph Hunsicker 
L. Hultheiser 
Edwin Haldeman 
James Johnson 
Abraham Jassum 
Isaac C. Jacoby 
Philip King 
George Kline 
William Kuntz 
Owen Kern 
John C. Collins 
John Crotto 
Michael Deibert 
William Ebert 
Joseph Ebertz 
William Eisenhard 
Martin C. Frey 
Frederick Fisher 
LieutWilliam Fried 

Augustus Eagle, 2 " 
James Tait 
Joseph Lilly 
John W. Heberling 
William Glace 
William Fink 
Preston M. Rohn 
Joseph Walk 
Geo. Longenhagen 
Robert Cunningham 
James M. Bush 
Augustus F. Eberhard 
W. Van Dyke 
James Ritter 
Simon P. Kiefer 
David Andrews 
George Armsberg 
Hiram Beidleman 
William Barnhart 

Amandas Fritz 
Joseph Geiger 
Preston Gettys 
*Rainy Grader 
Isaac Jacoby 
William Jordan 
Edwin Jassum 
*William Jackson 
George Kerchner 
Reuben Klein 
Nicholas Kuhns 
George King 
Charles King 
J. K. Longenhagen 
Peter S. Levan 
John Lucky 
Emery Lindster 
James Lilly 
Franklin Laubach 

Thomas A. Smith 
Gottleib Schrum 
Llewellyn Sleppy 
John G. Snyder 
Jefferson Kepner 
John Laub 
J. Laudenschlager 
Alfred Lynn 
Tilghman Lehr 
Lawrence McBride 
Joseph Mersch 
George Moll 
Uriah Moyer 
Philip McCue 
John Merkoffer 
Peter Moser 
Albert Newhard 
Michael O'Brien 
Thomas B. Rhoads 
Griff Reinhard 
Aaron Roeder 
Matthew Snyder 
David Schaffer 
Samuel Snyder 
Francis Schaffer 
Lucin Schroeder 
John G. Seider 
John Schreck 
Robert M. Sheetz 
Michael Smith 
Peter Shireman 
Fi^uklin Siegfried 
James Troxell 
*Jacob Scholl 
James A. Trexler 
George Youss 
Gilbert Whiteman 
John P. Weaver 
James M. White 
*John Weiss 
Ambrose Wtesner 
Hiram Werkheiser 
Conrad Warneck 
Franklin Wilson 
Adam Wuchter 
John Whorley 
Levi Werner 


Abraham Bander 
Faustiu Boj-er 
*E. Bartholomew 
Ernest Bender 
William Clader 
John Curran 
William Christ 
Frederick Coulter 
Samuel Dankel 
Frederick Engel 
Augustus Engel 
Henry Falk 
George W. Frame 
Orlando Fuller 
Samuel Smith 

Franklin Mensch 
Sydney Miller 
V. Minsenberger 
Peter Moser 
Joel Michael 
Daniel Newhard 
*John O'Brien 
Edward Rensheimer 
Francis Roth 
Charles Rohrbacher 
Edward Remaly 
Matthew Smith 
Joseph Savitz 
Reuben Siegfried 

William Moll 
W. H. Moyer 
William Offhouse 
Henry Soltzman 
*Harrison Lilly 
*Charles Michael 
William Reiser 
Levi Getter 
William Heberling 
George Hatter 
John F. Haldeman 
Osborne Hauser 
William Herman 
William A. Hauser 

184 men 

Company G. 47th Regiment. 

*C.Mickley, Capt. 
*John Goebel, " 

T. B. Leisenring, Capt. 

W. Steckle, ist Lieut. 

C. A. Hackman, " 
H. T. Dennis, 2d " 
Jacob W'orman 
Daniel Mertz 
Martin Hackman 

*James Crader 
Benjamin F. Schwartz 
Frederick Wilt 
Constant Losch 
William Hausler 
Solomon Becker 
Solomon Wieder 
William N. Smith 
Richard Arnbruin 
William Ruskirk 
Benjamin Bortz 
G.Huntzberger, i Lieut 
Charles Henry, 2d " 
James Crader 

D. K. Diefenderfer 
John Pratt 

John G. Helfried 
John Click 
Harrison Guth 
George Helpler 
John Kneller 
Nelson Coffin 
R. M. Fornwald 
Allen Wolf 
James Guidner 

Levinus Hillegass 
Henr}' Hornbeck 
*Philip Hower 
Jacob Rollinger 
George Butz 
Hiram Brobst 
David Buskirk 
*Jacob Beidleman 
Alfred Boynton 
Edwin Crader 
Charles Carter 
Jacob Diehl 
Lewis Dennis 
Alpheus Keck 
Henry Daisor 
William L. Eschbach 
Milton A. Engelman 
Francis Everett 
Peter G. Fegely 
William Frick 
Ferdinand Fisher 
Henrj' Gelter 
Franklin T. Good 
William Gupitill 
William Geissinger 
William Hertz 
Ed. Hunsberger 
*Jonathan Heller 
Cornelius Heist 
Solomon Hillegass 
Franklin HolTert 
*John Heil 
*Jacob Hay 
John E. Helfrich 

Daniel T. Reiser 
Allen P. Kemmerer 
James Knerr 
William Kramer 
Benjamin S. Koons 
Jacob Knappenberger 
Isaac Haas 
Emanuel Loeffler 
Benjamin G. Lucas 
George Lehr 
John Lynn 
Nathan Miller 
Hiram Mertz 
William Mertz 
John Meissenheimer 
Edmund Miller 
Franklin IMoyer 
Gideon Moyer 
William Mercer 
Benjamin F. Neur 
*Franklin Oland 
Aaron Peter 
Francis Pfeiflfer 
Jonathan Reber 
Israel Reinhard 
Jonas Scherer 
Francis Stuber / 

Reuben L. Se'lp '^ 
Daniel Scheetz 
John Schimpf 
Francis Schmetzer 
Erwin Stabler 
Walter C. Smith 
Edmund G. Scholl 


Daniel Anspach 
Peter Bernd 
Jacob Blank 
Jeremiah Bernhard 
John Brensinger 
William L. Borger 
John Barton 
Joseph Barber 
Jacob Bowman 

*John Becker 
Adam Bachman 
Thomas K. Crader 
John Curran 
Timothy Deterline 
Timothy Donahue 

* Benjamin Diehl 
Henry Doll 
Charles Eckert 

*William Eberhard 
Mantes Eisenhart 
Malari Faust 
Joseph Fisher 
William C. Frame 
James Gaumer 
Preston B. Good 
John Great 
Henry C. Gracely 
John Harte 
Max Hallmeyer 
George T. Henry 
Henry Henn 

Charles Kauffman 
William Keck 
Lewis Keiper 
George Knauss 
John Kremmill 
*William Kennedy 
*John Kuntz 
D. Leibensperger 
William Leiby 
George W . Lightf oot 
*Julius Lasker 
Charles Moyer 
Wellington Martin 
Franklin C. Mertz 
William Martin 
Henry Meyer 
Orlando Miller 
Barney Montague 
John R. Moody 
Daniel Mead 
James Noddins 
Condy O'Donnell 
Moses Peter 
Henry Rice 
George Reber 
William C. Reinsmith 
J. W. H. Stronninger 
Ambrose L. Schultz 
Christian Smith 
Charles Stem 
Frederick L. Jacoby 

*Henry Smith 
Carl Shorp 
W. H. Trumbower 
Luther M. Tooney 
John A. Ulig 
Fred. Vaughn 
Frederick Walter 
Edward Wieand 
George Wooten 
^^euben Wetzell 
Peter Weller 
George Xander 
*William Young 
Jacob Stangala 
William Sieger 
*Irwin Scheirer 
^Christian Schlay 
*Jeremiah Strahley 
Florence Sly 
Lewis Teichman 
Nathan Troxell 
Augustus Upman 
*J. Vartin 
Simon D. Wolf 
Frederick Weisbach 
*John E. Webster 
Jeremiah Westcott 
David Wieder 
Joseph Young 
Engelbert Zanger 
*Henry Zeppenfelt 
195 men 

Company I. 47th Regiment. 

A. Coleman, Capt. 
Levi Stuber, " 
Theo. Mink, " 
James Stuber, 2d Lieut 
William H. Moyer 
Edwin Camp 
Owen Kuder 
Thomas Kerr 
Isreal F. Hartzell 
Charles Dankel 
Alvin Hartzell 
D. Nunnenmacher 
Allen La wall, ist Lieut 
W. Halteman, 2d, " 
Edwin Keiser 
Thomas Burke 
*Charles Nolf 

Charles Kaucher 
Solomon Krecho 
*Elvin Knauss 
Samuel Lutz 
Peter Lynd 
*David Lost 
William Mensch 
Charles Matskowsky 
Oscar Miller 
Sylvester McCabe 
Leander Morrell 
*Jeremiah Metz 
William McLaughlin 
Jacob Newhard 
Jacob Feter 
Cornelius Rowan 
Joseph Rockell 

William Bayne 
Theodore Baker 
J, Bondenchlager 
*John Bartholomew 
James B. Cole 
John Clemmens 
Edwin Dreisbach 
John Dias 
Samuel Dillingham 
Conrad Eckhart 
Joseph Freeman 
William Fenstermacher 
Israel Foy 
Charles Gross 
Alexander Great 
George T. Gross 
Allen P. Gilbert 


Stephen Hettinger 
Joseph Hettinger 
Jeflferson Kunkel 
Henry Miller 
T. W. Fritzinger 
John W. Diehl 
Joseph Kramer 
*William Frack 
Tilghman Desh 
John Benkhart 
Frank Allenspach 
Theodore Anderson 
John Bush 
John Bullard 
William Baker 
William Baumeister 
John Burns 
Augustus Colvine 
William Dreisbach 
T. T. Drawback 
Frederick Drester 
*L. Druckenmiller 
Peter Dopstadt 
Walter P. Fetzer 
Francis Farrall 
*Owen Fetzer 
John Gross 
Henry Guthart 
A. Genstenleiter 
Samuel Guth 
"Francis Gildner 
Eli K. Hunsberger 
Granville D. Hangen 
Francis Daufer 
Allen Knauss 
Michael Fitzgibbons 
Benjamin Huntzberger 
Whippelt Benkhart 
George Acher 
William Burger 
Thomas Ziegler 

Solomon Gross 
Charles Henry 
Joseph Hawk 
*William Ellis 
*David C. Hawk 
George Hartzell 
Uriah Henry 
Levi Kraft 
Xavier Kraflf 
David F. Knerr 
Charles Klotz 
Ogdeu Lewis 
John Lawall 
Franklin LefHer 
JaiTies Lutz 
Harrison Miller 
William Martin 
Aaron McHose 
Jesse Moyer 
Philip Miller 
John Mclntire 
Nicholas McKeever 
Samuel Moss 
Alfred C. Pretz 
George Rhoads 
William Reed 
nVilliam Radeline 
S. M. Rauvenbush 
William Schwartz 
Reuben Snyder 
David Shaffer 
Henry C. Suavely 
Charles G. Sassaman 
William Smith 
Stephen Schechterly 
Frank Siegfried 
Albert Hiller 
William F. Henry 
Daniel Kramer 
Edwin Keiper 
Frederick Ziegler 

Company K. 47th Regiment. 

*George Junkert, Capt. 
Charles Abbott, 
Matthew Miller, " 
Fred. Beisel, ist Lieut. 
Elias Benner, 2d " 
John Bischoff 
Samuel Reinert 
Peter Reinsmith 

James Robertson 
Marcus Roth 
Milton Stephens 
Levi Stein 
Jacob Seber 
Henry I). Spinner 
Frederick Scarbecker 
Gottleib Schweitzer 
Samuel Smith 
Charles Smith 
Francis Stick 
Jonas Snyder 
*Joseph Stevens 
Isaiah Schlocter 
Clinton Sage 
Edwin F. Trickier 
John Transue 
Israel Troxell 
Daniel Vansyckle 
William Walter 
Henry Weil 
Henry Weiser 
Samuel Wirebach 
Lewis Warner 
Nathan Xander 
Peter Yeager 
Henry Schlagir 
Frederick Stephens 
Peter Stockschlager 
Levi Schoitt 
Henry Trask 
John Troxell 
James Van Syckel 
Eli Wieder 
Harrison Weil 
Gideon Weiser 
William Whipky 
Daniel Wannemaker 
Francis Xander 
Joseph Yonkert 

172 men 

Edwin Moyer 
C. Weiderbach 
William Hinkel 
Nathan Handwerk 
David H. Fetterolf 
*A. Schmoyer, 2d Lieut. 
George J . Scherer 
Samuel Kumfer 

*George Leonard 
*Abraham Landis 
Harrison Metzger 
Lewis Miller 
John Moser 
Lewis Metzger 
Paul Strauss 
Daniel Strauss 


Phaon Guth 

William Landis 

Conrad Volkanand 

W. H. Berger 

Manoah Carl 

Edwin Person 

John Saylor 

Amos Sliitter 

George Kruck 

Martin Guth 

William Guth 

Daniel Fritz 

Benjamin Amy 

William Barr 

Francis Boger 

Henry A. Breinig 

M. Bornscheier 

Tilghman Boger 

William Brecht 
*William H. Berger 

John Bower V 

Peter Cope 

John Delp 

E. Druckemiller 

Daniel D. Dackratt 

Philip W. Datzius 

Werner Erbe 

Charles Fisher 

Paul Ferg 

Rudolph Fisher 
*Edward Frederick 

John Gulty 

Jesse Geesey 
*Edwin Gross 

Jacob F. Hertzog 

William P. Heller 

Edward Houser 

John Hinderer 

Lewis Benner 

Joseph Frack 

William Schubard 

Valentine Amend 

Charles Acker 

Peter Berkemeyer 

Charles Bower 

*Paul Houser 

*George Hoffman 

George Kase 

William Keiter 

John Knerr 

Frederick Knell 

Jacob Kentzler 

William Scherer 

Joseph Bachman 
William Barber 
Tilghman Breisch 
*Lewis Berliner 
William Carl 
Francis Dankel 
John Dottery 
Alfred Diehl 
*Lewis Dipple 
William Eastman 
William Fiey 
John Fersch 
Joseph Freas 
Harrison Fegely 
*Gottlieb Fiessle 
Benedict Glichler 
Lewis Warner 
Nathan Xander 
Peter Yeager 
Henry J. Schagle 
Lewis G. Seip 
John G. Snyder 
Levi Stahley 
James Strauss 
Evan Strauss 
Andrew Snyder 
John Schimf 
William D. Schick 
*Matthias Gerrett 
Charles Grim 
Charles Heiney 
Harrison Handwerk 
Henry Hantz 
William A. Heckman 
Josiah Siegler 
Christopher Ulrich 
John C. Siegel 
*John Sell u chard 
James Sieger 
James D. Weil 
Samuel Woodring 
*Samuel Wolf 
Benjamin Zellner 
Tilghman Sourwine 
William Snyder 
Anthony Krause 
*George Kilmore 
*John Kolb 
David Klotz 
William Leonhard 
Daniel Long 
Elias Leh 

William Sterner 
F. Sackenheimer 
John Scholl 
Alfred Smith 
Henry Savitz 
Franklin Smith 
Charles Stout 
"■^'Lewis Schneck 
*Augustus Scheirer 
Henry O'Toole 
David Moesner 
*John McConnell 
*Patrick McFarland 
*Conrad Nagle 
Charles Preston 
Martin Reifinger 
*Charles Resch 
William Schrank 
Benjamin Shoemaker 
*Nicholas Hagelgaus 
Jacob Hull 
Abraham Keiter 
Edward Keller 
James E. Knerr 
John Koffler 
John Holdhoff 
John Keiser 
*Moses F. Klotz 
Hiram Kolb 
Julius Landrock 
W. A. Liepensberger 
Lewis Long 
*Amandas Long 
*Joseph Louis 
*Solonion Long 
Jonas Metzger 
Peter Miller 
Samuel Madden 
Alfred Muthard 
*Martin Muensch 
*Jacob Madden 
William Noll 
Frederick Nessler 
Elias Read)' 
Henry S. Romig 
*Charles Richter 
David Semmel 
William Shoemaker 
Lewis Wasser 
Lovi Wagner 
Christian F. Wieland 
*William Walbert 

182 men 


92d Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, Ninth Cavalry. Three years' service. 
Mustered in the 29th of August, 1861. 

Samuel Schneck 
Til. Miller, 2 Lieut. 
Daniel Becktell 
. Ellis T. Hammersley 
\^ Henrv Mertz 

Company A. 

John Masenheimer 
Edward G. Yeager 
James R. Hammersley 
Charles Dickson 

August Ebert 
Oscar T. Hoffman 
Victor Mataner 
Richard Saeger 

13 men 

i2Sth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, 9 mos. service. Mustered in the 15th 
of August, 1861. W. \V. Hammersley, Lieut. Colonel. 

John Dillinger, Capt. 
V Walter Seip, ist Lieut. 
Wm. Miller, 2d Lieut. 
Franklin C. Wasser 
Stephen Schwartz 
William G. Moyer 
George F. Hawk 
Tilghman F. Horn 
*Abraham Worman 
James Albright 
Frederick A. Boas 
Henry A. Berger 
Henry Burger 
Allen Blank 
^Sylvester Burgen 
Dallas Dillinger 
Edwin W. Fried 
Daniel Fried 
William Glees 
*Henry Good 
Peter Hillegass 
Phaon Hartman 
J. H. B. Jarrett 
*George Keck 
William D. Miller 
John Nagle 
Henry A. Breinig 

Company D. 

Benjamin C. Roth 
*George Diefenderfer 
*Frederick A. Ruhl 
Ignatz Gresser 
George Hoxworth 
William Sowden 
*Alonzo Kuntz 
William Graver 
Stephen Henry 
James S. Hoffert 
Philip Helweid 
Solomon S. Frederick 
Victor Fahringer 
Edward Bloss 
*Franklin Bloss 
Aaron Frederick 
James A. Jackson 
Harrison Knauss 
William Kern 
H. Nunnenmaker 
Henry K. Reiss 
Daniel Schleigler 
Henry G. Wagner 
Joseph Yingling 
Henry Peiffer 
Rinehart KeiflFer 
James A. Bieber 

James Lutz 
*David Maddren 
Henry Nagle 
Theodore Siegfried 
William Weaver 
James Wetzel 
John George 
Andrew Gangwere 
Jacob Sutton 
Frederick Weaver 
*Tilghman Peter 
Jacob Richard 
John E. Schaffer 
Charles Nagel 
Peter Romig 
Charles Snyder 
Jeremiah Siefried 
Jeremiah Transue 
Harry Wieand 
William Wagner 
Richard Grauff 
Moses L. Klotz 
Nathan Keifer 
Emanuel Knauss 
J.B. Lichtenwalner 
Mahlon H. Beary 
Franklin Bower 

Company G, 128th Regiment. 

Peter Huber, Capt. 
Dan'l Miller, ist Lieut. 
*James Lucas 
Benjamin F. Leech 
Preston Brock 
Charles A. Pfeiffer 
Reuben D. George 
*John Stull 
James R. Roney 

William A. Goranflo 
William Haas 
Henry Huber 
William Kenner 
Gabriel Kern 
*James Krum 
Theodore Knauss 
*John Lentz 
*Henry Lucienbill 

*William Smith 
Henry Snyder 
Reuben Sorben 
John Watt 
*Hiram Wilt 
Thomas Zellner 
Milton Beaver 
Joseph Barriss 
*Lewis Daubert 


Milton H. Dunlap 
Wellington Martin 
G. Hamilton, 2d Lieut, 
William Schlosser 
Solomon Kramer 
*Henry Weiler 
*David Hoilenbach 
Lewis Fink 
Samuel Smith 
Tilghman Keck 
*Willoughby Knauss 
*Elias Andraas 
Robert Attreed 
*George Berger 
Tilghman Bloss 
Thomas J. Brader 
J. Berkemeyer 
*Ira Coffin 
*Albert Dorward 
Daniel J. Dillinger 
C. Fenstermacher 
*William Fry 
*Andrew Flatta 
*Thomas F. Good 

*Daniel Moyer 
David Miller 
William J. Miller 
*Samuel B. Parker 
*David O. Pritchard 
*William H. Reitz 
Abraham Bechtel 
*Reuben Bittner 
Henry W. Butz 
Levi Reidy 
Thomas J. Ra^-nes 
*Franklin S. Ritter 
Henry Shenton 
Benjamin F. Smith 
*Henry Stout 
Jeremiah Sourwine 
Daniel Strauss 
John P. Weaver 
*Daniel Weiss 
Henry Richard 
William Richard 
Griffith Schindler 
William Schnerr 

Charles Diefenderfer 
Hugh O. Davis 
*James Eli 
*Edwin Fretzinger 
David Gackenbach 
*Aaron Krum 
*L. W. O. Goranflo 
*Mandes Henry 
*Tilghman Jacoby 
Jeremiah Kern 
*Alfred Klotz 
*James Kunkle 
*Henry Wint 
Franklin J. Keck 
*Jacob Long 
Daniel F. Mertz 
Howard C. Manvill 
Henry Merkel 
Franklin Moyer 
^William Mertz 
Emanuel Paules 
*Paul Rehrig 
Jonathan Reber 

99 men 

176th Regiment, drafted Militia. Nine month service. 

ber 7th 1862. 

Mustered in Novem- 

Levi Schmoyer, Capt. 
Monroe Miller, i Lieut 
A. Singmaster, 2d " 
J. Franklin Mertz 
^ Jacob Geary 

Amatias W. Jacoby 
James G. Gorr 
Edward Doll 
Jacob Hinkel 
Simon S. Miller 
Henry Schmoyer 
John Bleiler 
Jacob Acker 
David Bexter 
Henry Bleiler 
David Derr 
^William M. Flexer 
Lewis Eisenhard 
Levi Giering 
v' William F. Seip 
Lewis Reinhard 
Jonas F. Gorr 
Charles Hiskev 

Company A. 

^Augustus Fegley 
Stephen Fegely 
William Gorr 
Edward Harlacher 
*William Hiskey 
James Haines 
John Hoflfner 
Alfred Haaz 
William Kehm 
William Albitz 
Nathan Bortz 
John Fritz 
David Frederick 
Daniel Faust 
Linneus Gripply 
Amandes Knerr 
L. F. Laudenschlager 
John Mest 
William Miller 
Jacob Miller 
James Neumoj'er 
Benneville Oswald 
James F. Romig 

John Haines 
Carolus Hass 
John Keck 
Amandes Kemmerer 
John Bernhard 
Sylvester Engleman 
Joshua Fritz 
C. W. Fenstermacher 
William Guth 
Michael Kuder 
Milton Laudenschlager 
John Mayberry 
John Mongold 
Charles Nuso 
Moses Nelford 
Jacob Ritter 
William Rano 
Amandas Stephens 
*Tilghman Schwartz 
David Stewart 
William Wieder 
Josiah Rochel 
Nathan Rickert 


Franklin Schmoyer 
Edwin Lorish 
William Jarrett 
John Fries 
John Seislove 
Reuben Ahner 
Benjamin Boyer 
Frank Christian 
William David 

Samuel Lehr, Capt. 
Daniel Knauss, i Lieut. 
John Culberston 2nd " 
Frunklin C. Balliett 
B. Frank Abbott 
Aquilla Knauss 
John A. Long 
John Lehman 
John Bahringer 
Milton Guth 
Samuel Roth 
Moses Schaadt 
William Acker 
John Beidler 
*Solomon Blank 
William Cope 
Alexander Kepple 
James Kline 
Nathan Adam 
Jacob Bast 
Charles Frantz 
Alfred Guth 
William Herman 
William Kratzer 
Andrew Keck 
James Kichline 
Solomon Long 
Andrew Loughridge 
Adam Miller 
,*Joseph Moyer 
Milton Nunenmaker 
Daniel Roth 
Evan Strauss 
Lewis Schaller 

David Schaadt, Capt. 
Charles L Koch, " 
S. A. Brown, ist Lieut 
John Morgan 
Silas T. Biery 

Alfred Sturk 
Henry Schaffer 
Stephen Wieder 
James Weil 
John Ruhf 
Augustus Frederick 
William Gorman 
Jacob Horace 
John P. Haas 

Company B. 176 Regiment. 

Esekias Wisser 
Henry Schuler 
" Henry Smith 
Peter Weaver 
Henry Lehr 
Solomon Miller 
William J. Minnich 
Frederick Oswald 
John David 
Alvin Fink 
Daniel Fink 
William Fry 
David D. Gilbert 
Charles Hensinger 
Thomas Hoffman 
Samuel J. Kramer 
Tilghman Keinert 
William Kerr 
Solomon Ritter 
* Aaron Beisel 
Joseph N. Ruch 
James Kuder 
James Knauss 
Charles Beltz 
Aaron Fahringer 
Lewis Gaumer 
Daniel George 
Henry W. Jarrett 
Daniel Kerschner 
*Edwin Koch 
Charles Kichline 
Levi Levan 
Alfred Moyer 
Tilghman Beisel 

Company D. 176th Regimen 

Isaac Moyer 
Adam Miller 
Samuel Oldt 
Willoughby Peter 
Amandes Reinert 

Charles Remsen 
Peter Schiffert 
Charles Smelsley 
Henry Smith 
Peter Shell 
Jacob Sorber 
'j ilghman Wetzel 
John Eisenhard 

97 men 

Allen Troxell 
Uriah Sanders 
Edward Steyer 
Alfred T. Bernhard 
William Schaffer 
Edward Bauer 
Ferdinand Buchman 
Benneville Bart 
John Deily 

Edward Y. Engleman 
Charles Frick 
Abraham Miller 
John Moyer 
A. Nunnenmaker 
Edwin J. Sell 
Lewis Sell 
Jeremiah Speigle 
Charles Smith 
Madison Strauss 
Daniel Taylor 
James A. Yeager 
Elias Laser 
Nathan Muthard 
Franklin Miller 
*Daniel Ferver 
Phaon Guth 
Joseph Gackenbach 
Michael Hauser 
Josiah Knerr 
Franklin Kline 
John Kuhns 
Daniel Pattison 
Joel Steines 

102 men 


William Harmony 
William Hunt 
John Kiffle 
Isaac Laub 
George Loeb 


Joseph Koch 
Jacob Herling 
John Lindenmuth 
William J. Frantz 
Henry Lorish 
Isaac George 
Gideon Moyer 
Charles Menuingle 
Robert Newhard 
Herman Peter 
Joseph Protzellen 
Henry Schafler 
Thomas Scheirer 
Philip Siegle 
Reuben Snyder 
Frederick Scherer 
Aaron Wenner 
Henry Lauer 
Charles Miller 
Peter Miller 
Patrick Nugent 
Henry Olsander 
Jacob Roth 
Frederick Schermer 
Israel Schmoyer 
Tilghman Smith 
Edwin Trively 
Joseph Younkert 
Stephen Kechline 

Lewis Scheirer 
Edwin Biehl 
Andrew Buder 
Edwin Diehl 
Christian Flarkle 
Charles Gross 
Moses Hauser 
John Herman 
Evan Holben 
Nathan Hauser 
Renades Kleckner 
Lewis R. Brown 
Francis Carter 
Franklin Snyder 
William Smith 
*Milton Snyder 
William Wright 
John Link 
Abraham Miller 
Nathaniel Moll 
Edmund Newhard 
Solomon Rawe 
Allen Roth 
Matthew Schwerer 
Moses Semmel 
Philip Storm 
James Frietz 
Lewis Hopper 

Company E. 176th Regiment. 

William Merkley 
Josiah Kern 
Jesse Wambold 
Reuben Helfrich 
Josiah Saeger 
Lewis Miller 
Joseph Miller 
Frank Gorden 
*Alexander Brown 
James Bates 
Peter Bowman 
M. Druckenmiller 
George Eisenhard 
Anthony Fogel 
William Hauser 
Henry Hausman 
Charles Holy 
William Wilson 
Alfred Miller 
John Martin 
David Lauchner 
Jacob Kepple 
Jacob Kromer 
Philip Horn 
James Fucherty 
Phaon Diehl 
Samuel Clader 
Louis Kratzer 

101 men. 

T. Sleiker, Capt. 
P. Graybill, ist Lieut 
H. Wierbach, 2nd " 
*John Hohe 
John Albright 
Charles Rockel 
Joel Roth 
Larus Koch 
Charles Hohe 
Henry Sleiker 
Samuel Furry 
Lucas Baumer 
William Ziegler 
William Hohe 
Christian Neuchler 
Frederick Binder 
Charles Breisher 
James Carroll 
John Derr 
Francis Dimmel 

Edward Garlich 
Adam Klauss 
George D. King 
Frederick Martin 
Samuel Mack 
Charles Ziegenfuss 
Henry Billard 
John Albright 
Alfred Butz 
Hirman Burger 
Henry Chron 
Edward Dallas 
*Willoughby Egner 
Franklin Fritzinger 
Charles Ferguson 
John Hower 
John Hartman 
John Johnson 
Isaac Kloughertz 
Reuben D. Long 

John McFarland 
John C. Newcomer 
Edward Reichard 
Martin Seibert 
Joseph Somereither 
Jesse Shoemaker 
Tilghman SchoU 
John Schleifer 
Gideon Schnable 
Henry Sell 
Reuben Sell 
Jonas Schaffer 
Samuel Smith 
Henry Weichter 
Benjamin Wagner 
William D. Weaver 
Henry Young 
Tilghman Young 
Charles Weiss 
Absalom Weierbach 


J. Fenstermacher 
Samuel Faust 
^William Hartnian 
George M. Hoffman 
Jacob Hopper 
Levi Knerr 
Samuel Kern 
Paul Michael 
John Bergland 
William Brown 
David Ehrig 
Nathan Ebert 
Franklin Finev 

Joseph Moory 
John Boyd 
James Crader 
Henry Ehe 
William Ebertz 
Edwin Gernet 
Alfred George 
John A. Knerr 
Edward Klauss 
David Mack 
Ephriam Moyer 
Frederick Miller 
Washington Miller 

Thomas Widrig 
William R. Wimmer 
Tilghman Weil 
Joseph Unkel 
Michael Stoneback 
Daniel Shoemaker 
John Stilb 
William Shields 
Willoughby Rickert 
Israel Rumfeldt 
Moses Rau 
George M. Pilgard 

98 men. 

Company G. 176th Regiment. 

L Hecker, Capt. 
J. Cornett, ist Lieut. 
W. Hecker, 2d " 
William G. Freyman 
Levi Oberholtzer 
William Kurtz 
Edwin Osenbach 
Gideon Lentz 
J. R. Reichard 
Benneville Roth 
Lewis D. Steckel 
W. Newhard 
Benneville Stehley 
Michael Klein 
Jeremiah Oswald 
William Fisher 
Jeremiah Deibert 
John George 
Adam Everett 
John Handwerk 
Benjamin Rockel 
David Buchman 
Peter Baer 
Peter Benner 
William Best 
Charles E. Clader 
John Deibert 
Solomon Deibert 
Henry Donvart 
Benneville Eisenhart 
Charles Frantz 
John Geusenleiter 
Carl Holier 
Nicholas Helms 

Jeremiah Kerschner 
Levi E. Kistler 
Charles Kunsraan 
Peter Kuntz 
Owen Kern 
Nathan Kennel 
*Andrew Kratzer 
William Krauss 
Joseph T. Leibenguth 
Henry Miller 
Reuben Miller 
Adam Minnich 
Reuben Mertz 
William Morgan 
Stephen Newhard 
William Newhard 
Jonathan Paul 
Joseph Bersheig 
Lewis Deibert 
John Fisher 
Frederick Frahlic 
Daniel Keiser 
Henry Kern 
James Krause 
Lewis Leh 
William Measimer 
Jeremiah Miller 
William Montz 
Richmond Newhard 
Moses Peter 
Levi Peter 
Tilghman Rebert 
Cyrus Reichelderfer 
Matthias Winsch 

Joseph Rickert 
Edwin Rex 
*Reuben Roth 
Henry Rex 
Willoughby Shaffer 
Elias Schneck 
Hilary Schneck 
Jeremiah Schneck 
Lewis Schneck 
Charles Schneider 
Henry Steibling 
John Samuel 
Henry Smith 
John Witmer 
*Conrad C Wolf 
Jonas Wright 
Valentine Wright 
William Wright 
Alfred Yehl 
Charles Yehl 
Samuel Yehl 
Joseph Yehl 
Levi Zerfoss 
Mana A. Rockel 
Elias Roth 
Oliver Roth 
Ephraim Schreiber 
Moses Sensenger 
Harrison Simons 
Samuel Smith 
Peter Snyder 
Josiah Steckel 
Tilghman Stehley 

102 men. 


Company I. 176th Regiment 

Alfred Creitz, Capt. Willoughby Camp 

L. Harmony, " William Freed 

W. Grosscup, 1st Lieut Edwin Harmony 
Wm. Cassler Owen Krauss 

Stephen Stiegerwalt David Kistler 
Levi Stiegerwalt Edwin Konig 

Manassah Behler Jacob Moser 

Allen Xander, 2d Lieut John Miller 

Amandas Harmony 
Henry B. Crietz 
Daniel Moose 
David Horn 
David Wartman 
Michael Bachert 
Owen Grosscup 
Reuben Daubert 
Levinus Smith, 
Thomas Everett 
*Daniel Bachman 
Charles Smith 
Elias Herber 
Thomas Brauscher 
Henry Billig 
C. Druckenmiller 
Joseph Dengler 
Jonas Grim 
Henry Hartranft 
Levi Greenawalt 
William Henninger 
Anthony Coleman 

Robert McDaniels 
Samuel Sechler 
Samuel Arnold 
Lewis Schultz 
Dennis Northstein 
Levi S. Follweiler 
Reuben H'unsicker 
John Shappel 
Jacob Hartman 
Samuel Follweiler 
Daniel Billig 
Jacob Brobst 
Charles Deppe 
Edward Everett 
Joseph Hausman 
William Eckroth 
*Daniel Heintzelman 
Jefferson Kunkel 
Daniel Creitz 
John Camp 
Joseph Handwerk 
Samuel Knecht 

Company K. 176th Regiment. 

Benjamin Kunkel 
Stephen Leh 
*Samuel Loch 
John Miller 
Lewis Miller 
Daniel Olenwine 
Isaac Oswalt 
Jonas Philips 
Solomon Riegel 
*Reuben Phillips 
Solomon Riegel 
*Reuben Phillips 
*Charles F. Reed 
Harry Snyder 
Daniel_ Smith 
*John F. Snyder 
Benjamin Weida 
Elias Zellner 
Solomon Zettlemoyer 
Jacob Oswalt 
Benjamin Ranch 
Thomas Ruch 
Adam Rupple 
Jacob Schoedler 
Benneville Smith 
Samuel Wagoner 
William Sicks 
Henry Schwens 
Henry Sizelove 
Charles Winderholder 
90 men. 

S. C. Lee, Capt. 
G. Neitz, 

E. Seibert, ist Lieut. 
P. W. Flores, 2d " 
George G. Rodenberg 
Daniel Schantz 
*Charles Heil 
William M. Roeder 
Willoughby Stoudt 
Henry Bower 
Robert Groman 
William Williams 
William E. Bennedict 
Willoughby Bander 
George Repp 
William Wieand 
James F. Smith 

David Gery 
Richard T. Jones 
William Heil 
John Brecht 
Franklin Flores 
Franklin Weidner 
Levi Schuler 
Charles Staudt 
Joseph Koons 
Amandas Rick 
William Shiffert 
John Tombauer 
William B. Williams 
Samuel Schaffer 
George Schmoyer 
Jeremiah Swartz 
G. Laudenschlager 

Francis Schaffer 
Edwin Weil 
John Wolf 
Nathan Seibert 
Jacob Stauffer 
Jeremiah Steichter 
Daniel Thomas 
George Stein 
John D. Schell 
Charles Schell 
S. Rothenberger 
Gottleib Phflueger 
Solomon Mill 
Seth Miller 
Jesse Mangold 
Willoughpy Doney 
William Ettinger 


Eugene T. Tool 
John Fegely 
C. Foster, ist Lieut. 
Thomas F. Mohr 
George Knoll 
ohn Dice 
Martin Ackerman 
Benjamin Roth 
Elias Diehl 
Josiah Doney. 
Franklin Dieter 
David Fisher 
Charles Furry 
Addison Frey 

202nd Regiment, 
in August 30th 1S64. 

V Walter Seip, Capt. 
B. C. Roth, 
J. Lucas, 1st Lieut. 
A. Mellin, 2nd " 
Jeremiah Transue 
Henry Weiand 
George Benson 
Henry Wittenmeyer 
Franklin Brobst 
Madison Coles 
Lewis Fluck 
John D. Gangwere . 
David Gackenbach 
Albert Herman 
Franklin Kromer 
Harrison S. Kern 
Adam Koch 
Willoughby Kuhns 
William Knauss 
Levi Kraft 
Aaron Moyer 
John Nagle, Sr. 
Theodore Nagle 
William Reinhard 
William F. Reinhard 
Joel Sterner 
Augustus Schitz 
John Schaffer 
Joseph Trumbower 
Depue Ueberoth 
Henry. Burger 
W'illiam Becker 
Frank Ernst 
Thomas Baker 
Franklin Doyle 

David Rudolph 
William Sicher 
Solomon Fritz 
Tobias Gehrhart 
William Knoll 
Isaac Klein 
David Kriebel 
John Lewis 
Henry R^ohr 
Amos Miller 
John T. Roberts 
Michael Nuss 
Lewis Reinbold 
Charles J. Fegley 
Pennsylvania volunteers. 

Company E. 
*W^illiam Fusselman 
Amos Giess 
John Gorman 
Edwin Hess 
William Kieffer 
Anthony Kleinsmith 
James Kern 
Edwin Knechel 
John Keiffer 
Henry Knerr 
*David M. Miller 
Aaron P. Nagle 
John Pettitt 
Lewis F. Ruhf 
Emanuel Reinhard 
Aaron Frederick 
Milton W. Reichard 
*C. Laudenschlager 
Henry D. Brown 
Jacob H. Burger 
Jeremiah Beidelman 
G. H. Good, 2nd Lieut. 
Alfred Smith 
W'illiam Trexler 
John Knerr 
Eugene Stettler 
Milton Kichline 
Henry Smith 
Hiram F. Schaffer 
Edwin Troxell 
Jeremiah Biery 
Henry E. Burger 
Augustus Bechtel 
Henry Derr 
Nathan Gaumer 

Enoch Field 
EH George 
William Heft 
Solomon Hallman 
Jonathan Bickel 
Bernhard Behringer 
*S. Leibensperger 
James Kidd 
John Knoff 
William Jones 
Daniel Heimbach 
John A. Griffith 
Jonas Fritz 

92 men 

One vear service. Mustered 

Amandas Hack man 
Charles Hartman 
James J. Kiinkel 
William Lentz 
Jesse Lehman 
James Moore 
Harrisson Miller 
Lewis Miller 
William Osman 
Herman Stettler 
Franklin Smith 
Milton Saeger 
Edwin Schertinger 
George Wolf 
Harrison Young 
Moses Hoffman 
Henry Kleckner 
Uriah Keck 
Charles Lick 
William A. Lynn 
Nathan Miller 
Addison J. Knauss 
Augustus W. Mennig 
Eli L. Fatzinger 
Allen D. Burger 
George Burger 
J. Bartholomew 
John Young 
John Vogel 
Jacob A. Smith 
Jacob Strieker 
Frederick Saxenheimer 
Hiram Parker 
John Nagle, jr 
David Miller 105 men 


209th Regiment, Pennsylvania volunteers, 
in September 14th 1864. 

W. Miller, Capt. 
W. Knerr, " 
L. Fink, 1st Lieut 
Albert Dorward 
John Lutz 
William Marshall 
A. O. Frankenfield 
Penrose Rex 
William Coffin 
Paul Michael 

John Kressler 
Francis Kuhns 
Albert Kleckner 
Hiram Kratzer 
*Jonathan Klotz 
Henry Levan 
Cornelius Lentz 
James Mace 
Ephraim Michael 
*Amandas Moyer 

. D. Overholt, 2nd Lieut Joseph Arnold 
William Morton, jr Reuben Brader 
William Keener 

Cornelius Fagen 
Tilghman Wagner 
James Snyder 
Levi Ziegenfuss 
Lewis Kratzer 
Thomas Arnold 
Moses Allender 
George Blocker 
Jacob Christ 
John Darrohn 
Jacob Ebert 
William Edwards 
Milton Eckert 
Jarrett Ferber 
William Greissley 
Jeremiah Geiger 
Tilghman Hartzell 
Charles Holy 
Aaron Handwerk 
Michael Herley 
Matthew Zimmerman 

Wilson Benninger 
*William Clark 
Francis Develin 
John Eastman 
C. F. Engelman 
O. H. C. Fallweiler 
William German 
Amandas Gernett 
Anthony Gehrig 
Tilghman Handwerk 
James N. Hersh 
Hezekiah Hippie 
John Jones 
Charles Krauss 
Josiah Klotz 
Jacob Koch 
Samuel Keiflfer 
James Kane 
John Lawrence 
Edwin Loch 
Moses Metzgar 


One year service. Mustered 

Henry Meyers 
Thomas Murray 
Samuel Mace 
William McDonald 
William Nagel 
Elihu Oswald 
Robert Ohl 
Joseph Rex 
Sanmel Roth 
William Ruhe 
William Rex 
Edwin Rex 
Tilghman Reber 
John Snyder 
Henry Sell 
David Y. Williamson 
Thomas West 
Francis Weaver 
Patrick McCann 
William Nicholas 
Robert New hart 
Peter Oswald 
Emanuel Paules 
Francis Rabenold 
Alfred Ritter 
Robert F. Roberts 
Lewis Rex 
Irvin Rober 
Amandas Roth 
Charles Shiffert 
Simon Snyder 
Henry Weiss 
Henry W. Weiss 

98 men. 

5th Regiment was organized, September T3th, 1862. The field and staff 
officers were H. C. Longecker, Colonel; J. B. Clemens, Lieutentaut Colonel; Mel- 
chior Horn, Edwin D. Lawal, Milton J. Kramer, George Mish, William M. Culver, 
Thomas Metzger, Elisha Forest, Jacob Wolle, George C. Hand. 
Company C, 5th, Regiment. 

I. Gregory, Capt. Francis Kramer 

B. Hagenbach, i Lieut. William Lind 

B. Sweitzer, 2nd " 
William Kress 
Simon Price 
Tilghman Kemnierer 
William Desch 
John Stopp 

Benjamin Lucas 
David Miller 
Charles Present 
Solomon Reinsmith 
Charles Reinsmith 
James Ritter 

John O. Yingling 
Gabriel Keiper 
William Knauss 
Stephen Lutz 
Edward Lucas 
Augustus Manning 
Tilghman Osman 
Charles Egge 


Israel Yingling 
Charles Arthur 
William Basher 
Jeremiah Beidleman 
William Burnham 
James Christ 
Henry Cole 
George Dieffer 
Milton Eckert 
Edward Englema-n 
Franklin Freed 
Amos Guth 
W'alter Getter 
Peter Hartman 
Henry Heckman 
Solomon Helfrich 
Moses Kehm 
William Keyser 
Daniel Keyser 
Daniel Keiper 


W. Marx, Capt. 
C. Mertz, ist Lieut. 
W. Wannemacher 
Charles J. Haines 
James Smith 
Thomas Ruhe 
Alfred J. Breinig 
Allen A. Huber 
Henry A. Evans 
Charles Mohr 
Frederick A. Baldwin 
Jonathan Becker 
John Bergland 
Jacob S. Dillinger 
Jacob Goebel 
John Hartzell 
Benneville Hine 
Benjamin F. Jacoby 
William Laubach 
Edward D. Lawall 

G. Schall, Capt. 
T. Snyder, ist Lieut. 
8. Weller, 2nd " 
Cornelius Fagen 
Franklin Beck 
Elias Shingler 

Joseph Ruhe 
Henry Seagreaves 
Edwin Hittle 
Edward Young 
E. F. Powell 
Alfred Ettinger 
E. Roth 

Edward Shiffert 
Charles Apple 
Jeremiah Biery 
Henry Bitting 
J. Burger 

Washington Chrisman 
Dennis Diefenderfer 
Solomon Dorney 
Edwin Strauss 
Paul Wald 
Benjamin Weaver 
Henry Weikel 
John Weiss 

Company E. 5th Regiment. 

Eugene Master 
Daniel Miller 
S. R.Missly 
Isaiah Rehrig 
W'arner Ruhe 
Thomas Keck 
Amandas Wagner 
Elisha Forest 
Samuel B. Anewalt 
Joseph E. Balliett 
Henry Gangwere 
Jacob Blumer 
J. A. Aikens 
John Bechtel 
Samuel Becker 
James Cahoon 
Conrad Emig 
W. Hagenbuch 
Solomon Hartzell 
Edward Heiber 

Company G. 5th Regiment. 

John Sykes 
Jacob Snydej- 
Leonard Smucher 
Stephen Smith 
Alfred Smith 
Edwin Troxell 

Frederick Frantz 
Peter Grim 
Uriah Gnth 
George Hagenbuch 
Joreph Hecker 
Henry Heimbaoh 
Simon Houck 
George Kauffman 
Charles Quier 
W'alter Reinsmith 
Franklin Rinker 
Adolphus Rosstaischer 
Uriah Sanders 
William H. Simons 
Charles Wagner 
Thomas Wenner 
Milton Weaver 
Francis Weidner 
Henry Wuchter 
Emanuel Yohe 

84 men 

John Krauss, jr 
Edward Laubach 
Walter Losch 
Thomas B. Metzgar 
Harrison Miller 
John Nunnenmacker 
William Roney 
Alfred Saeger 
Charles G. Sassaman 
David O. Saylor 
Richard Snyder 
George Terraberry 
Peter Wanner 
Henry W^orman 
Milton Sassaman 
Peter Shutz 
Sanmel Smith 
Willoughby Trexler 
Wilson Wieder 

59 men 

Benneville Christman 
Henry Daubert 
Jacob Eckert 
Robert Fatzinger 
Peter Fegely 
James Gernert 


Milton Beidler 
George Engelmati 
Daniel Gilbert 
Francis Strachley 
Alfred Adam 
Benneville Ecker 
Owen Fatzinger 
Amandas Greenawalt 
George Hand 
William Hertz 
Isaac Hummel 
William Kuder 
Henry Kercher 
Tilghman Kramer 
James Kuder 
Allen Mohr 
William Mohr 
James Neff 
Charles Richter 
Tilghman Ruhe 
Tilgeman Reinhart 
Henry Schwartz 
August Weber 

Jacob Wint 
Jesse Wombold 
Hezekiah Weiser 
Edwin Yeager 
William Burger 
Matthew Bliche 
James S. Biery 
Edward Clauss 
Tilghman Daubert 
Henry Diener 
Allen P. Steckel 
James P. Roder 
Allen Newhard 
Charles Shout 
Jacob R. Wolle 
Allen Pfeiffer 
Edwin L. Young 
Joseph Moll 
Allen Burger 
Jacob Bast 
James Beck 
Jonathan Bear 

Daniel Hood 
William Hintz 
Herman Haverly 
William Leibensperger 
Tobias Kessler 
Milton Kramer 
Solomon Long 
Samuel Miller 
Tobias Moser 
Edwin Peter 
Charles Ruhe 
Petter Yoder 
John Ross 
Peter Reinhard 
Augustus Schitz 
George Schaffer 
John Snyder 
Henry Schafier 
Charles Schaffer 
Reuben Schout 
Esaias Trumbore 
Charles Wolf 

85 men 

Company H. 5th Regiment. 

W. Hoffman, Capt. 
F. Seller, ist Lieut. 
A. Heilman, 2nd Lieut 
Henry Ritter 
Henry Ruhe 
Franklin Trexler 
Henry Schwartz 
Owen Mertz 
Moses Schneck 
Almon Nagel 
Henry Borneman 
Peter Cortright 
George Daufer 
Edwin Eisenhard 
George Fried 
Daniel Fink 
Wilson Gross 
Charles Hertzog 
William Hufert 
Jonathan Knauss 
Isreal Lehr 
Tilghman Miller 
Henrj- Odenheimer 
Solomon Rant 

Lewis Roth 
William Ruhe 
Hernion Schuon 
Henry Fried 
D. F. Deschler 
George Hoffman 
Henry Trexler 
William Mininger 
Benjamin Fleckner 
Franklin Hersh 
Allen F. Barber 
Samuel Baum 
Jacob Cleaver 
Charles Erdman 
Charles Everett 
Tilghman Frederick 
Daniel Fritz 
Martin Heft 
Gottlieb Herzog 
William Henry 
Robert Latimore 
Hiram Mertz 
John Nelig 
William Raut 

William Roth 
William Ritter 
William Reinhard 
Morris Stemler 
Daniel Shitz 
John Sowers 
William Sassaman 
Francis Smith 
Lewis Shetton 
Peter Stark 
Daniel Trump 
Edwin Wieand 
Jacob Weaver 
Henry Zink 
Edward Sherer 
Nathan Snyder 
Reuben Steble 
Tilghman Snyder 
Charles Sane 
Francis Troxell 
Frederick Wilt 
Benjamin Wonderlj' 
William Yohe 

71 men 


37th Regiment; Emergency troops. Mustered in June 19th, 1863. 
Company H. 37th Regiment. 

I. Gregory, Capt. 
Ed. Young, 1st Lieut 
B. Sweitzer, 2nd " 
Edwin Hittle 
Charles Dankel 
Samuel Anewalt 
Joseph Balliett 
Jacob Bass 
James Mosser 
Edward Schiffert 
Henry F. Ames 
Owen Bachman 
Daniel Biedelman 
Samuel P. Bliss \ 

Reuben Desch 
William Dicht 
Charles Eckert 
William Reiser 
Thomas Keck 
Theodore Siegfried 
Alfred Ettinger 
John Stopp 
William Baucham 
John Johnson 
John Anthony 
Hiram E. Bectelman 

Charles Beahm 
Milton Brong 
Michael Correl 
Alpheus Desch 
Milton Eckert 
Jacob Fries 
Peter Fegely 
Franklin Grim 
Walter Guetter 
William Knauss 
Wilson Kistler 
Charles Knauss 
Constantine Martin 
Hiram Mertz 
Augustus Minnich 
Allan Moore 
George Reeder 
Walter Reinsmith 
Benjamin Smith 
Eugene Stettler 
Hiram Shimer 
Levi Ziegenfuss 
Christian Smith 
Aaron Tice 
John Weiss 
Alfred V. Willenmeyer 

Francis Weimer 
Milton Weaver 
Henry Wittenmeyer 
Eli Fritzinger 
/ mos Guth 
Solomon Helfrich 
Charles KaufTman 
Lewis Kistler 
Frank Laubach 
Harrison Miller 
f Frank Mertz 
Theodore Mohr 
David Overholt 
William Rees 
Daniel Reinhard 
y" Reuben .Seip 
Franklin Smith 
John Shaffer 
John Shimer 
Franklin Troxell 
Theodore Taylor 
Charles Wagner 
M. Wetherold 
Allen Wolfinger 
Edwin Wiand 
Edwin Yeager 

78 men 

38th Regiment; Emergency militia. 

chior H. Horn, Colonel. 

Company B. 38th Regiment 

Mustered in July 3rd, 1863. Mel- 

J. Hunt, Capt. 
E. Mickley, ist Lieut. 
J. Morrison, 2nd " 
Henry Welty 
William Williams 
Charles G. Earp 
William Andreas 
John Nolf 
Milton Berger 
Charles Graffin 
John Courtney 
Reuben A. Boyer 
John Barr 
John Black 
David Bowen 
William Bates 
John Case 
Jacob Case 

George Hopkins 
William Hock 
Joseph Humphries 
Samuel Kieflfer 
Uriah Kurtz 
John Kieffer 
Charles Lantz 
William Stewart 
Robert Stewart 
Frederick P^agle 
William McKibben 
Llewellyn Thomas 
Samuel McKeague 
John McClenaghan 
Godfrey Osenheimer 
Johnathan Price 
Henry Raup 
J. Stofflet 

John Cane 
Joseph Cane 
WilHam Craig 
John Church 
John Hunter 
Joseph McMullen 
Joseph McFetridge 
Jacob Donecker 
Morgan Emanuel, jr. 
James Fuller 
Orange Fuller 
Adam Freund 
Samuel Friess 
Joseph Forrest 
Lewis Gutenday 
John Hille 
David McFetridge 
Dennis McFadden 


John Conway 
James Moran 
Tilghman Michael 
William Miller 
James McCleary 
James McNab 
David Davis 
Owen Eastman 
Charles Fuller 
Jacob Funk 
Barthold Fritchej- 
Adam Fulton 
John Gross 
Thomas Hunt 

Franklin Smith 
Charles Troxell 
William R. Thomas 
Evan Williams 
Daniel Yoder 
George Matchett 
Daniel Milson 
Evan Edwards 
Franklin Eckensperger 
Charles Andreas 
David P. Bowen 
Joseph Broadseller 
William Boyle 
James Blair 

Enoch Phillips 
Thompson Porter 
William Rankin 
John Snyder 
John Steward 
John Thomas 
Benedict Vantram 
David Williams 
Peter Hunt 
Thomas James 
William Krone 
Peter Keeling 
Allen Kurtz 
Tilghman Moyer 

96 men 

William Biery 
Tilghman Breisch 
Franklin Bower 
John Campbell 

Company C. 38th Regiment. 

William Hopkins George Minnich 

Samuel Wolle William Wheeler 

William Horn F. P. Laubach 

Simon Kester John Keifel 

Alfred Lynn 13 men 

41st Regiment; Emergency militia. Mustered in July ist, 1S63. John 
H. Oliver, Major; A. B. Longaker, Quarter Master. 

W. Seip, Captain. 

B. C. Roth, ist Lieut. 
James Lucas, 2d " 
Henry Stanton 
James Roney 

John Nagel 
James Lutz 
Henry Burger 
Henry Wiand 
Andrew Gangwere 
John D. Albright 
Augustus Bechtel 
Madison Cole 
Solomon Fatzinger 
John Grotz 
William Schlosser 
Harrison Butz 
George T. Young 
Daniel Miller 
John Lackey 

C. Laudenschlager 
Aaron Frederick 
Dallas Xander 
Adam Beers 
Henry Custer 
Edward T. Engelman 
Nathan Gaumer 

Henry Horn 
Charles Huber 
William Ibach 
Henry L. Kenner 
Benjamin Ibach 
Benjamin Kleckner 
Emanuel Knauss 
Israel Lehr 
Jesse Lehman 
Lewis P. Levan 
Gottlieb Lutch 
William Mohr 
James Nagel 
Edward Ochs 
Lewis P. Queen 
George Reese 
Charles Richter 
William Roth 
Henry Roth 
Augustus Scherer 
Tilghman Snyder 
Jeremian Scholl 
Jeremiah Shuman 
Jesse Smith 
Otto Geier 
Henry A. Heckman 
Uriah Hartzel 

Moses Kehm 
Peter Kroner 
Christian Kuntz 
Edward Lucas 
Daniel Lehr 
Jacob Leibensperger 
Milton Laudenschlager 
Wellington Martin 
George Nunnenmacher 
Jesse Ochs 
Charles Preston 
Reuben Raub 
William Reinhard 
John Ross 
William Roney 
Tilghman Reiss 
Benjamin Schwartz 
Isreal Schneck 
Peter Schultz 
Peter Schreiber 
John Schreiber 
Clinton Trexler 
James linger 
Frederick Wilt 
Henry Weinsheimer 
Henry Willenmeyer 
Depue Ueberoth 


Frederick Gangwere 
Jacob Goebble 
William Young 

C. Keck, Captian 

D. Kline, ist Lieut. 
S, Smith, 2nd " 
Abner A. Campbell 
James A. Bieber 
Daniel Reinsmith 
Benjamin Schlosser 
David Deily 
David Pfaflf 
John Roth 
Jacob Berger 
William Bergenmoyer 
Eugene Breyfogel 
Lewis Baer 
Francis Balliett 
Solomon Bachman 
Peter Coop 
James DeLong 
John Evans 
William Fry 
Levi Krauss 
George Diefenderfer 
Alfred G. Peter 
Gideon Smith 
Joseph Hough 

Henry I bach 
Jeremiah Scherer 

Company I. 41st Regiment. 

Leon F. Roeder 
Irwin Raber 
John Ratley 
Eli Reinert 
Paul Smith 
Charles Leinberger 
Daniel Snyder 
Benjamin Allender 
James Bachman 
Peter Benner 
Sylvester Bieber 
Samuel Balliett 
Alfred Biege 
David Clause 
Wilson Druckenmiller 
Aaron Druckenmiller 
Josiah Fatzinger 
Josiah Fry 
Lewis Frack 
Jonas Gery 
John Gerber 
Elias Hartman 
Stephen Hallman 
Ephriam Keeser 
John Long 

Peter Wenner 
Peter Weller 

Ellis Peter 

Asher Queer 

Jacob Seiss 

Daniel Snyder 

David Steffan 

Aaron West 

John Wilbert 

Phaon George 

John Groff 

Levi Haaf 

Phaon Hausman 

Milton Kachline 

Jonas Ludwig 

Jacob Oswald 

Alfred Peter 

James Reinsmith 

Samuel Ritter 

Joseph Ray 

Solomon Reinsmith 

Sebastian Silliman 

Joseph Snyder 

Levi Smith 

Willoughby Shoemaker 

Horace Troxell 

Philip Werley 

Robert Young 76 men 

V c. Mertz, Captain 
A. Heilman, ist Lieut 
Henry Freed, 2d " 
Thomas Snyder 
John A. Young 
Henry C. Huber 
Daniel Smith 
Jeremiah Transue 
William Hass 
Sylvester Weller 
Charles C. Moore 
Blackford Barnes -, 
Adolph Clauss 
Edwin Desch 
Tilghman Frederick 
Benjamin Fatzinger 
Benjamin Fink 
Andrew Gangwere 

Company K. 41st Regiment. 

William Reichard 
William Moyer 
Henry Trexler 
Milton Bieber 
David Hardner 
John Lentz 
Stephen A. Henry 
Samuel Apple 
Charles Bennett 
Hugh Cassidy 
John Eisenhard 
Robert Fatzinger 
Daniel Fritz 
Charles Gorr 
John Gorr 
Charles Hart 
George Hand 
David Howard 

Henry Moore 
John Manhart 
Aaron Moyer 
John Masonheimer 
Andrew Nagle 
Tilghman Ott 
Werner Ruhe 
Edward Reichard 
Christian Stahley 
Hiram Schaffer 
Joseph Stempfle 
William Landis 
Josiah Leferre 
Owen Metz 
William Moore 
lohn Moyer 
Josiah Doll 
Wilson Moyer 


James Gallagher Philip Hill Theodore Nagle 

Moses Hoffman Philip Helvert William Ruhe 

Solomon Heberly Charles Kramer Lewis Roth 

Henry Hardner Harrison Kern Amandas Sieger 

John Hill Willoughby Kern Tilghman Steinberger 

Edwin Jacoby John LaRoche Ludwig Schultz 

Henry Kemmerer George Minnich 74 men 

* Killed in battle or died while in service. 

The whole number of men furnished by Lehigh county during the Civil War 
of 1861 to 1865, was two thousand and sixty-three. The number of men killed 
in battle were eighty-three; number of men wounded in battle sixty-four; number 
of men that died in camp were two hundred and thirty-three ;^oumber of men 
captured by the Confederates were two hundred and fifty-seven; number of men 
that were drowned three; number of men, missing in action were forty-nine and 
four hundred and eighty-three men mentioned as killed and wounded and miss- 
ing, making a total loss of one thousand two hundred and eighteen men. 

Allen Gua^rdy. They were one of the first companies that responded to 
the Nation's call for volunteers for the defense of Washington. The first Regi- 
ment did garrison duty but were not engaged in any battles. The Ninth Regi- 
ment did iUo 5 irrisoa daty an 1 wa^ not in any battles. The Forty-sixth Regiment 
was in the following battles : Winchester, Cedar Mountain, Antietam, Chancell- 
orsville, Getteysburg, Resaca, Dallas, Kennesaw, Peach Tree Creek, Pine Knob, 
Marietta, Atlanta. The loss of the Regiment while in the service was two hun- 
dred and forty-three men. The Forty-seventh Regiment was in the following 
battles, St. John's Bluff, Jacksonville, Pocotaligo, Red River expedition, Shena- 
doah campaign and lost during its service was five hundred and thirty-eight men. 
The Ninety-second Regiment was in the following engagements, Lebanon, 
Moore's Hill, Tompkinsville, Richmond Ky., Shelbyville, Perryville, Franklin 
Rover, Middleton, Cowan, LaFayette, Chickamauga, Dan bridge, Newmarket, 
Mossy creek. Fair Garden, McMinnsville, Lovejoys, Macon, Bear creek, Waynes- 
boro (2) Buckhead creek, Buckhead church, Aiken, Lexington, Black Stakes, 
Averysboro, Bentonville, Raleigh, Hillsboro, Morrisville. Their loss was very 
heavy. This Regiment had the honor of firing the last gun before the surrender 
of General J. E. Johnston. The one hundred and Twenty-eight Regiment was 
in the battles of Antietam, where it lost thirty-foui men in killed and eighty-five 
men wounded, and at Chancellorsville where two hundred and fifty of their num- 
ber were taken prisoners. The one hundred and Seventy-sixth Regiment did 
garrison duty at Newberne, N. C. and Hilton Head S. C. The two hundred and 
Second Regiment was in the battle of Salem and guarding railroads in the 
Shenadoah Valley, during General Sheridad's campaign. The Two Hundred 
and Ninth Regiment fought in the battle of Chapin's Farm, Mead Station, 
Petersburg and Appomattox court house. The Fifth and Twenty-seventh Regi- 
ments (Militia of 1862) were organized to aid in repelling the invasion of the 
Confederate army. The Thirty-eighth Regiment (Militia, of 1863) guarded 
property, repairing railroads and gathering Confederate stragglers after the 
battle of Gettysburg. The Forty-first Regiment (Militia of 1863), saw service 
at South Mountain and guarding property. 


The Spani^h-Americ&n War. 

Companies B and D, 4th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers were from 
Lehigh county. The officers from our county were Charles O'Neill, Lieutenant 
Colonel ; W. D. Mickley, Major ; Morris F. Cawley, Surgeon Major ; Frank D. 
Beary, Adjutant ; J. Howard Martz, Sergeant Major ; Harry Bower, Quartermaster 

Company B. 

J. A. Medlar, Capt. Peter Hertzog 

C. D. Rhoads, ist Lieut J. Allen Newhard 
O. Miller, 2nd Lieut William Ruch 

Oswell Reidy 
\V. F. Weiss 
Otto R. Wollmuth 
Lewis Spangler 
Edward Fried 
Wilson Desch 
George Wieand 
George A. Rex 
James F. Wieand 
William Bower 
William Smith 
Harry Christ 
Harry Lambert 
Ralph Weaver 
George Knecht 
Joseph Peters 
John Abbott 
Roy Applegate 
Frank Bartholomew 
William Buckland 
Frank D. Baughardt 
Frederick Becker 
Albert Connolly 
Charles E. Clader 
Percival Confer 
Adam Epp 
Ray Percival 
Harvey Frantz 
Victor Geist 
Ernest Gross 
Tilghman Ginkinger 
Edward Goheen 
S. A. Hammar 
Philip Walters 

Orange M. Frantz 
John Thomas 
Hugh Stevens, jr. 
Frederick Able 
Harry Adams 
Harry Balliet 
Guy Brown 
John Bloss 
William Benson 
Solomon Brown 
W. Cox 

Charles Campbell 
Harry Elliot 
Clinton Fenstermacher 
Robert E. Frantz 
Howard E. Gaulger 
Morris Gehring 
John Gallmoyer 
Leidy Garnet 
Frantz Hall 
Harvey Held 
William Hohe 
Frank Hildenburger 
George Hafner 
Edwin Hoats 
Franklin Kramlich 
W^illiam Kunkel 
Raymond Kerschner 
George Lutz 
Austin Leidy 
Francis Laudenschlager 
William Labold 
Allen Hagenbach 
John Wotring 

Company D. 4th Regiment. 

€. Spangler, Capt. Harry Geansley 

E. Wittemyer, ist LieutEdwin Eagle 
S. Chubbuck, 2nd " William Bechtel 
George Shillinger Allen Berger 

Charles Matter n 
Robert Miller 
John Mover 
David McMahon 
Herman Naiell 
Fred Reichard 
Frank Schreiber 
George Steinberger 
Paul Smith 
John Thomas 
William Trump 
Henry Weibel 
Walter Ward 
David Yates 
Henry Hersh 
John Helwig 
Frank Hagei 
Albert Reener 
John Kahler 
Albert Kramer 
Edmund Lloyd 
Frank Lynn 
Newton Leidy 
Clement Lawskowski 
Robert Martz 
Robert Mest 
Calvin Moyer 
Charles Miller 
Herman Nikalai 
William Pierce 
John Schick, jr. 
Frank Seislove 
Charles Schlicher 
Paul Schantz 
Paul Tilton 
Thaddeus Weaver 

no men 

Edwin Seisslove 
William Sassaman 
Herbert Trumbauer 
George Hersch 


Elmer Aniey 
Oscar NefT 
Oliver E. Miller 
Edward Rose 
Morris Knauss 
*Oscar Keinert 
Barney McNulty 
John Wetherhold 
Robert Ouinn 
William Hering 
Frank Ahlum 
Edwin Bernhard 
George Hamersley 
Edwin Keck 
William Wittemyer 
Edgar German 
Martin O'Laughlin 
Calvin Boehm 
Harrison Burger 
Harry Bush 
Charles Chubbuck 
Michael Connollj^ 
Horace Dennis 
Charles Draper 
Ira T. Eudy 
Patrick Gallagher 
Richard Moeder 
George Wieder 
Harry Dietrich 
Wellington Koch 
John Roberts 
John Potts 
Oswald A. Yehl 

Joseph Boehmer 
Harry Burger 
Herbert Boorse 
Wm. Collins 
Ira Danner 
Isaiah Dennis 
Alvin Eitner 
Dallas Frankenfield 
Irwin Gaugler 
John Hartzell 
Harry Heist 
Charles Hertzog 
John Home 
Edward Jacoby 
Walter Kleekner 
Lewis Krick 
Charles Lester 
Daniel McCoanaghy 
Charles Miller 
Edwin Mosser 
Edward Nagle 
Henry Nonnemacher 
Lewis Oswald 
Franklin Ott 
Riles Raub 
George Ruhmel 
Lewis SchafFer 
Oliver Schmuk 
John Scott 
Harry Sensebach 
John Smith 
Robert Steinmetz 
Harvey E. Ziegler 

Lewis Hildebrand 
Elmer Hoffort 
Edwin Keiper 
Henry Kressley 
Elmer Kuhns 
Robert Lucas 
Patrick Mahon 
Harvey Miller 
Harry Mo3-er 
Allen NeflF 
Fred Oberholzer 
Harry Oberly 
Reefe Raub 
Calvin Reitz 
Harvey ]. Saul 
William Scheirer 
*George Schwartz 
Leonard Sefing 
Jeremiah Sifnons 
Henry Steinbicker 
George Stevens 
William Schell 
Joseph Troxell 
Charles Wagner 
Edward Wagner 
Harry A. Weaver 
William Weinsbeger 
Herbert A. Warg 
Joseph C. Berwick 
Adam B. Weaver 
Harry Wetherhold 
William M. Wieand 

no men 

The following served in other companies. 

Boas Hausman 
James Roxberry 
Jefferson Mosser 
Edward Reichard 
Ray Tice 
Paul Ellenbogen 
S. Marsh 
Preston Fritz 
Warren Bover 

Warren Heimbach 
Edward Malburg 
Jerry Newhard 
William Wetzel 
William Fry 
William Walker 
Allen Hiskey 
Oliver Diehl 
Will Hoxworth 

Frank Beisel 
Jacob Nixon 
William Baines 
G. W. C. Snyder 
Arthur Yocom 
Frank Reese 
Lewis Baker 
Charles Osmun 
William S. Roth 

27 men 



Mrs. Betsy Ross, of Philadelphia, made the first National flag. Congress 
had passed a resolution June 14, 1777 that the flag should consist of thirteen 
stripes, alternate white and red and thirteen white stars on a blue field. The 
flags of the navy are the following : A distinctive blue flag with four white stars 
more at the top of the main mast, represents the highest naval officer and com- 
mander of the ship or squadron, namely an Admiral. A blue flag with three 
white stars on the top of the mizzen mast, is a Vice Admiral's flag. A blue flag 
with two whit e stars is a rear Admiral's flag. A broad blue pennant with one 
white star is a Commodore's flag. A red flag hoisted at the foremost signifies 
danger, powder being taken on board. 

A yellow flag is the flag for quarantine. A flag of truce is a white one. 
To lower or strike the flag means to pull it dow'n or take it in, out of respect or 
submission. Sign of yielding. The sign of mourning is to hoist the flag at half 
of two-thirds of the hight of the most of vessels, on land at one-half of the staff. 
The stars had at first eight points. Paul Jones' flag displayed on the 
Serapsis in 1779 at Texel, had eight pointed stars and the stripes were red, 
white and blue. 

The French navy first saluted the American flag February 14, 1778. 
The first naval engagement under the American flag was between the American 
ship Raugu and the English ship Drake, the latter being captured, April 24, 
1778. Captain John Rathburne, first unfurled the flag over a foreign country, 
when he captured Fort Nassau, New Providence Islands, February 6, 1778. The 
ship Bedford, first displayed the flag in British port (London). The flag that 
carried us through the war of 1812, consisted of fifteen stars and fifteen stripes. 
Elken Appleton, Youkers, New York, has the flag in his possession that waved 
over Fort McHenry, when Francis S. Key was detained on board the British 
warship during the bombardment, wrote the Star Spangled Banner. Captain S. 
C. Ried, suggested that the flag should consist of thirteen stripes and a star for 
each State admitted. April 4, 1818. The present flag was fixed. A new star is 
added on the admission of every State, on July 4 next, succeeding such admission. 

The Revenue flag, at first consisted of 16 perpendicular stripes and the 
Union bore the Armies of the United States, in blue on white field, first authori- 
zed in 1799, changed in 1871 to 13 blue stars, on a white field. Flags at half 
mast are signs of National mourning. When the Union is turned down it is a 
sign of distress. Dipping the flag is hauling it down a few feet and then runing 
it up again. Salutes are made by dipping the flag. In the Navy when the flag 
is hoisted at "colors" or halted down at sunset, the officers and men are re- 
quested to salute the same. 

1775 the Virginia Militia bore a banner with the devices of a rattle snake 
and the injunction of "Don't tread on me," and Patrick Henry's words "Liberty 
or death." Massachusetts flag in the Revolutionary war bore the emblem of a 
"Pine Tree" and the words. "An Appeal to Heaven." Colonel Moultrie's at 
Fort Sullivan 1776 was blue in color, with white or silver cresent in the right 
hand corner and the word "Liberty." 

The Stars of white on a blue field represent our National constellation. 
The stripes the thirteen original colonies. White stands for purity, red for valor 
blue for justice. The only banner that ui:>holds and proclaims liberty to all. 


Post Offices. Attorneys. Physiciacns. Etc, 



fAllentown (c b) 






*Centre Valley 








East Texas 









Guth's Station 









Jordan Valley 


^Laury's Station 

Lehigh Furnace 



Locust Valley 




Lyon Valley 







New Tripoli 

Old Zionsville 



Powder Valley 




















Steins Corner 



Vera Cruz 





Werley's Corner 



*Money Order Offices, t International Money Order Offices. c h Court House, 


Henry Wilson 
John Ewing 
Charles Davis 
Samuel Runk 
John S. Gibbons 
John Wurtz 
John McFarland 
Samuel Bridges 
Jesse GriflSth 
Augustus F. Boas 
Robert Wright 
John Stiles 
Nathan Miller 
Robert S. Brown 
Frederick Heller 
Henry King 
John Evans 
John D. Roney 
Henry Jarrett 
Andrew L. King 
Silas Hickox 
John Hornbeck 
Phaon Jarrett 
Peter Wickoff 
H. C. Longecker 
William P. Miller 
S. E. Buzzard 
Charles M. Runk 
Charles Cooper 
James S. Reese 
J. Depuy Davis 
Edmund Moore 
Elisha Forrest 
W. S. Marx 
Henry Bonsall 
Gilbert G. Gibbons 
James R. Struthers 
Adam Woolever 
Uriah Brunner 
John Oliver 
William Ainey 
George Schall 
H. Schwartz 
A. B. Schwartz 
R. Clay Hammersly 
Arnold C. Lewis 
Robert S. Leyburn 
Henry A. Bigler 
A. Leyburn 
Evan Holben 

W^ni. H. Sowden 
John Rupp 
Edward Harvey 
Levi Schmoyer 
Wm. H. Deschler 
Henry S. Floyd 
C. J. Erdman 
Eli G. Schwartz 
David Roper 
H. C. Hunsberger 
Wm. Glace 
Samuel A. Butz 
W. D. Luckenbach 
George H. Rupp 
R. E. Wright 
James S. Biery 
Joseph Hunter 
Wm. S. Young 
J. Winslow W^ood 
M. L. KauflFman 
George K. Wilson 
James B. Deschler 
E. A. Muhlenberg 
E. A. Lochman 
Harry F. Kramer 
Wm. P. Snyder 
J. M. McClure 
Willis Forrest 
Nathanial M. Orr 
Oscar E. Hollman 
M. C. L.Kline 
John M. Kessler 
M. G. Henninger 
W. H. Muschlitz 
Edwin Stine 
A. G. Dewalt 
Thomas Foley 
R. A. B. Hausman 
Henry Rose 
Albert Erdman 
James Schaadt 
A. B. Longaker 
Charles Runk 
Harry Stiles 
J. L. Marsteller 
W. Lichtenwalner 
Allen Focht 
Morris Hoats 
John Ulrich 
S. S. Duffy 

F. G. W. Runk 

Philip McNulty 

T. F. Diefenderfer 

F. M. Trexler 

E. F. Schoch 

Henry O'Neill 

A. P. Crilly 

E. H. Renninger 

H. A. Weller 

Enos Erdman 

M. E. Schaadt 

Jonas Kline 

E. F. Lichtenwalner 

Norton Martin 

D. R. Home 
Clinton Groman 
Oscar Stein 

E. E. Butz 

F. T. L. Keiter 
A. L. Biery 
Austin Glick 
A. N. Ulrich 
Wilson Mohr 
J.J. Snyder 

A. H. Sieger 
Frank Jacobs 
Reuben Butz 
Samuel Kistler 
John Schwartz 
Robert Schiffert 
Ralph Metzgar 
Calvin Arner 
Leo Wise 
C. D. Thomas 
Francis Lewis 
George Lutz 
H. Cyphers 
Robert Taylor 
James Bowen 
J. T. Schantz 
Frederick Wittman 
Joseph Stofflet 
Malcolm Gross 
Max Erdman 
Joseph Slough 
O. R. Leidy 
George Spang 
Marcus Hottenstein 
Ira Erdman 
John Diefenderfer 

Edwiu Albright 
Jacob S. Dillinger 
Thomas B. Metzgar 
F. A. R. Baldwin 
Mahlon Biery 

J. D. Christman 
John Kocher 
Thomas Martin 
P. E. Stem 
James Graver 
Henry Saylor 
John Hendricks 
Josiah Kern 
Solomon Bernd 
Abraham Fetherolf 
Samuel Young 
Eugene Dickenshied 
D. Fritch 
William Herbst 
Charles Keim 
John Romig 
Frank Schlough 
William Erdman 
M. E. Hornbeck 
Henr}' Riegel 
William Schlough 
S. C. D. Fogel 
Henry Helfrich 
William Hassler 
Thomas Cooper 
J. A. Fetherolf 
F. W. Quig 
Henry Grim 
W. Kistler 
Philip Palm 
Aaron Miller 
Edwin Martin 
Wilson Berlin 
Constantine Martin 
Robert Young 
Harvey Horn 
George Romig 
N. T. Hallman 
W. J. lyochman 
Peter Meyer 
Frank Erdman 
William Romig 
John Helfrich 
Albert Erdman 
William Romig 

W. LaMonte Gillette 
Henry German 
Thomas Gross 
Wm. Stein 
J. M. Wright 


Josiah Koch 
Fred Seiberling 
Daniel Shade 
Francis Frietag 
John Dickenshied 
E. S. Beaver 
L. B. Balliet 
Wilson Kistler 

E. G. Steinmetz 
Jeremiah Bowers 
H. T. Trumbauer 
Nathaniel Ritter 

F. M. Laubach 
W. E. Loyd 
James Cole 
Roger Hunt 
Palm Helfrich 
Thomas Scherer 
W. Hamersly 
William Rentzheimer 
Abraham Kistler 
Agnes Schloiigh 

B. P. Backus 
John Brobst 
Harvey Bean 
Charles Brobst 
Augustus Bancroft 
Louis Berkenieyer 
Oscar Blank 
Cornelius Bartholomew 
A. J. Becker 
Elmer Bruch 
William Brader 
Albert Bittner 
Joseph Blank 
Alfred Barrall 
Robert Blaksley 

G. T. Fox 
Jacob Feisel 
Gerhard Frick 
Robert Frey 
Harry Feller 
Ambrose Gery 
William Garvin 
Frank Garis 

Jacob Erdman 
Victor Tice 
George Aubrey 

John A. Roth 
William A. Riegel 
Albert Sovereen 
Oscar E. Schaeffer 
Edward Sell 
William Schantz 
Augustus Soper 
Charles Schaeffer 
Peter Steltz 
Daniel Shade 
Harvey Snyder 
Charles Seler 
W. O. Smith 
Harry Snyder 
George Seiberling 
John Siggins 
Samuel Swavely 
Peter Bleiler 
Morris F. Caw^ley 
Anna C. Clarke 
Charles Dare 
Henrj' Dunnell 
William Estes 
Horace Erb 
William Eschbach 
Edwin Eshleman 
John Egge 
Roger Hunt 
John A. Helfrich 
A. H. Howard 
William Hertzog 
George Haas 
Henry Herbst 
Irvin F. Huff 
Franklin Holben 
Emanuel Howerter 
A. Eugene Heimbach 
Mattie Hassler 
John Trumbauer 
Dallas Trumbauer 
A. Trumbauer 
Peter Wickert 
Joseph Weller 
Samuel Weam 
Charles Weida 

10 3 

Alfred Martin 
Daniel Yoder 
Monroe Holben 
S. A. Apple 
John Laross 
Robert King 
M. J. Kline 
Thomas Nagle 
Charles Martin 
Charles D. Martin 
John Trutnbauer 
Jacob Miller 
Eugene Mohr 
John Diller 
Thomas Strasser 
Louis Collins 

D. W. Follweiler 

E. h. Reichard 
Ralph Sowden 
Orlando Fegley 
Charles Apple 
William Hartzell 
Charles Meyer 
Mahlon Hill 
Tilghman Koons 
Daniel Hiestand 
Francis Ritter 
Albert Miller 
Joshua Seiberling 
Henry Clemens 
Edwin Miller 

J. D. Erdman 
James Pelles 
Welcome Powell 

E. A. Gearhart 
Edward Grewer 
Nathaniel Guth 
William Hacker 
C. L. Johnstonbaugh 
Edwin Kirkpatrick 
Alvin Kern 
John Kressly 
Bertram Klotz 
Eugene Kistler 
Nelson Kistler 
Edgar Klotz 
Isaac I. Kalbach 
Morgan Kern 
Frank Kessler 
Jesse Kistler 
John A. Laros 
F. M. Laubach 
E. Longshore 
Henry Leh 
James Lowright 
John Lehr 
Andrew Lieb 
William Laros 
Walter Levan 
Charles A. Moyer 
Miles MacLaggart 
Howard Mickley 
Jason Moore 
John Mack 
Thomas Nagle 
Nathaniel Peter 
Henry Riegel 
Franklin Scheirer 

David Williams 
John Williams 
Mitchell Walter 
Henry T. Wickert 
Martin Yost 
Norton Yeager 
Alfred Yost 
Nathan Ziegenfuss 
Roderick Albright 
M. J. Backenstoe 
E. M. Bingaman 
John S. Behm 
John N. Bauer 
Jacob T. Butz 
Henry Carmichael 
Leo F. Elsion 
Howard Fehr 
Robert Fly 
Irvin Heubner 
James Horn beck 
George Hubbell 
William Hertz 
Henry Keim 
Allan Kisner 
Palmer Kress 
George Krauss 
LeRoy Lechner 
George Lazarus 
H. A. Litzenberger 
Wallace Lowright 
E. S. Mantz 
R. C. Peters 
Robert Strasser 
H. T. Wickert 

*Joseph Dubbs R 

*N. S. Strassburger R 

*A. J. G. Dubbs R 

*Williah Helfrich R 

Eli Keller R 

J. J.Fogel R 

A. R. Bartholomew R 

J. Dubbs R 

*W. H. Richards L 

*Joshua Yeager L 

*S. K. Brobst L 

*J. Schindel L 

*W. H. Rath L 

T. L. Seip L 

J. D. Schindel L 


Wm. Wackernagel L 

C. J. Cooper L 

*J.Wood P 

W. H. Heil U E 

C.K. Fehr E 

J. C. Bleim E 

A. R. Home L 

J. A. Little P 

M. C. Peters R 

*W. R. Hufford R 

T. J. F. Schantz L 

J. B. Rath L 

S. G. Wagner R 

*Jacob VanBuskirk R 

*W, G. Mennig L 

*Abraham Blumer R 
R. Lichtenwalner U. E. 
B. J. Schmoyer U. E. 
R. Kline P E. 
Thomas Bowman E. 
*Richard Walker P 
*Cornelius Earl P 
*Jeremiah Schindel L 
*J. C. Becker R 
*John Helfrich R • 
J. D. Acker U. E. 
J. D. Woodring U. E. 
E. S. Woodring U. E. 
J. A. Brunner U. E. 
J. Shirey U. E. 


S. A. Repass L *J. Daniel Gross R H. J. GHck U. E. 

G. A. Geiss h 

*Deceased. R. Reformed, L. Lutheran, P. Presbyterian, U. E. United 
Evangelical, E. Evangelical Association, P. E. Protestant Episcopal. 


Teachers that were granted Permanent Certificates from 1868 to 1901. 

R. K. Buehrle 

R. Clay Hammersley 

F. W. Siegfried 

F. G. Bernd 
J. O. Knauss 

G. W. Brinker 
E. D. Rhoads 
Anna M. Smith 
Katie M. Smith 
George P. Bates 

E. J. Haines 

A. E. Reichard 
William K. Derr 
Henry G. Paff 
Samuel C. Lee 

B. C. Snyder 
R. A. Little 

A. F. K. Krout 
J. Jacoby 
Rebecca Sigley 
Edvpin Breder 
Charlotte Bear 
Cecelia Wonderly 

F. S. Hartzell 
Owen R . Wilt 
Wm. T. Morris 
William Albright 
Joel P. Geiger 
Theodore Smith 
Edward Hermany 
Wm. R. Henninger 
Edwin Heilman 
George Kunkel 

E. A. Troxell 

E. J. Young 

F. B. Heller 
Mrs. C. Stoneback 
M. N. Bernhard 
Lewis P. Hecker 

B. F. Abbott 
L. B. Landis 
R. Kramm 
Ella T. Gabriel 
Annie Schwartz 

Alvin Rupp 
F. D. Raub 
M. Cawley 
P. B. Oswald 
Laura E. Busse 
J. George Kerschner 
C. Rhoads 
Solomon Rupp 
Henry Rupp 
H . Rosenberger 
H. S. Schell 
Sarah J. McTntyre 
M. Lizzie Steltz 
Margaret Sykes 
Wm. S. Eruey 

E. A. Nunnenmacher 
I. A. Conrad 

A. R. Ritter 
O. J. Heilman 
Mary M. Craig 
Hannah Davis 
J. J. Hauser 
George Kilpatrick 
Henry D. Andreas 
P. J. Lantz 
Anna Goth 

F. A. McCafferty 
M. V. Cafferty 
James F. Guth 
P. B. Nuss 
Maggie Roberts 
Chester A. Frantz 
N. N. Benfield 

E. R. Hottle 
Carrie Koons 
Clinton N. Bauder 
W. Nunnenmaker 
W. B. Neumoyer 
W. O. Lichtenwalner 
S. K. Wetzel 
O. P. Leh 
Samuel Kern 
Maurice Schmale 
H. W. Stephen 

J. W. Gernert 
W. E. Hoffman 
Annie Conaghan 
C. S. Kunkel 
Henry Kistler 
Carrie Wotring 
Lizzie Overfield 
Annie Kistler 
W. G. Gehman 
Jennie Wieder 
A. L. Christman 
Wilson Rex 
Frank Beary 
Belle Fulton 
Alonzo Hittle 
Sallie Heckrote 
George Haas 
Wm. Heilman 
S. E. Heilman 
Alice Kern 
Elmer Kistler 
Tillie Mann 
Jane Reichard 
John Ritter 
Mary Roth 
Orville Ritter 
Lewis Snyder 
Lillie Warnikessel 
Mary Weaver 
Emma Weida 
Margaret Home 
Mamie Diehl 
Aaron Greenwald 
Blanche Hallman 
Laura Mull 
H.J. Schaller 
S. F. Gehringer 
George Ross 
Alice E. Ay res 
I. H. Bartholomew 
Robert Norgang 
Minnie Blank 
Mary Daubert 
Hattie Dreifoos 


Lewis Jacoby 
A. N. Ulrich 
Peter A. Lantz 
Frank J. Stettler 
Clara A. linger 
E.J. Young 
Wm. Knauss 
J. Winter Rogers 
L. J. Busse 
M. R. ShaflFer 
J. Muschlitz 

A. G. Romig 
Annie Haas 
A. J Herber 
R. D. Wotring 
Katie Lees 
Amanda Funk 
D. W. Benedict 
Sarah McHenry 
R. McMonagle 
T. F. Frederick 

Gertrude Keiper 
Lottie Smith 
E. Jane Sykes 
Joseph Brunner 
S. C. Schmoyer 
Charles Ott 
W. A. Henry 
Elsie Bittner 
Elsie Engle 
Sallie Hartman 

Population of Pennsylv&.nia from 1790 to I90O. 

1790, 434.373 ; 1810, 810,091 ; 1830, 1,458, 233 ; 

1800, 602,365 ; 1820, 1,047,507 ; 1840, 1,724,033 ; 
1870, 3,521,951 ; 18S0, 4,282,821 ; 1890, 5,258,014 ; 

1850, 2,311,786 
i860, 2,906,215 ; 
1900, 6,302,615. 

Population of Lehigh County from 1820 to 19OO. 

1820, 18,895 ; 1830, 22,256; an increase of 3,361 ; increase per cent, of 
17.7; 1840, 25,787; an increase of 3,531; increase per cent, of 11.3; 1S50, 
32,479, an increase of 6,692 ; increase per cent, of 25.9 ; i860, 43,753 ; an increase 
of 11,271 ; increase per cent, of 34.7 ; 1870, 56,796 ; an increase of 13,043 ; increase 
per cent, of 29.8 ; 1880, 65,969 ; an increaseof 9,173; per cent, of 16. i ; 1S90, 
76,631 ; an increase of 10,662 ; increase per cent, of 16.1 ; 1890, 93,893 ; an increase 
of 17,162 ; increase per cent. of22.5. 




Mennonite Congregation was founded in 1735, is between OldpZionsville 
and Zionsville and among the first members of the congregation were : 

John Stahl 
Derrick Jensen 
Conrad Staunn 
Henry Schleififer 
George Weiss 
John Stauffer 
Abraham Meyer 
Ulrich Bassler 
Jacob Hiestand 

Daniel Stauffer 
John Meyer 
John Gehman 
Peter Meyer 
Henry Funk 
Michael Meyer 
Philip Geissinger 
Christian Musselman 
Rudolph Weiss 

Barbara Stauffer 
John Schantz 
Sarah Meyer 
Catharine Stauffer 
Daniel Greter 
Christian Oberholtzer 
Elizabeth Stauffer 
Henry Fretz 
Anna Meyer 

Great Swamp Church, was founded between the years 1725 and 1730, 
belongs to the Reformed Church. Among the members of the congregation were : 

Francis Rus 
Ulrich Rieser 
Ivudwig Bitting 

A. Diefenderfer 
Peter Lynn 

J. Schmidt 
Christian Miller 
N. Miller 

B. Weiss 
N. Kindig 
David Traub 
Andreas Graber 
John R. Kitweiler 
Ulrich Spinner 
"Barbara Rilser 
Moria C. Klein 
Jacob Witmer 
Annie M. Hillegass 
Jacob Eberhard 
Philip Eberhard 
John Hillegass 

5> M. Hillegass 
George Klein 

Elizabeth Rieser 

Christian Willauer 

Catharine Rieser 

Jacob Dubbs 

Jacob Wetzel 

Jacob Wetzel, jr 

N. Kessler 

Felix Brunner 

J. Buskirk 

Joseph Eberhard 

Michael Eberhard 

Joseph Eberhard, jr 

Michael Eberhard, jr 
-4 Ulrich Spinner 

J. Bleyler 

Alsop Heger 

N. Hick 

J. Huber 

Abraham Kraft 
_j Henry Huber 

Jacob Huber 

Rudy Huber 

A. Huber 

N. Willauer 
John Huber, sr. 
John Huber, jr. ' 
Philip Boehm 
Valentine Kaiser 
Daniel Kocker 
N. Huber 
J. G. Titlow 
E. Dubbs, (Schwenk; 
Catharine Spinner 
John G. Ruch 
Eva Harlacher 
Anna M. Ruch 
John Rieser 
Anna M. Eberhard 
Sybilla Rieser 
Daniel Dubbs 
Casper Rieser 
George Mumbauer 
Eva Rieser 
John P. Mumbauer 
Henry Mumbauer 
Philip Ball 


David Spinner 
Elizabeth Munibauer 
Catharine Eberhard 
George Harlacher 
John Dubbs 

Rudy Frick 
Abraham Titlow 
J. Nic Mannbauer 
Saul Saiiipsel 
Andrew Rieser 

John Blyler 
Conrad Schmidt 
John Dubbs 
Anna B. Blyler 

Rev. John Henry Goetschius, was the first Pastor. 

Chestnut Hill Church was founded in 1757. Among the members of the 
congregation that established the church were the following : 

George Olewein 
Yost Olewein 
Jacob Smith 
Martin Schwenk 
Jacob Bilthaus 

Christopher Heller 
Nicholas Franz 
George Welden 
Peter Kurtz 
Jacob Huber 

John Gottwalt 
John Schumacher 
Christian Miller 
Peter Schlosser 
Peter Long 
Andrew Englenian 

Frederick Dellicker 


First Reformed pastors known were Rev. 
Casper Mack. 

Nain, an Indian village, was situated in Hanover township, Lehigh 
county, two miles northwest of Bethlehem and one mile east of Rittersville, on 
what was formerly Geissinger's farm, later known as the Mack farm, was 
founded as a home for converted Indians and was their home for five years from 
1757 to 1762. 

Shoenersville church was organized in 1780 by Rev. John Faust, the first 
Lutheran minister and Rev. Gross, the first Reformed minister. There were 
twenty-four communicants at the organization of the church. The first church 
built in 17S0 was a log building which was replaced in 1S19 by a stone structure, 
and in 1872 by the present church. 

Schwenkfelders were among the first settlers in the lower part 
county, at Hosensack where the following settlers lived and are buried : 

of the 

Abraham Kriebel 
Jeremiah Yeakel 
George Yeakel 
Baltzer Yeakel 
Melchoir Yeakel 
Casper Yeakel 
Jacob Seibert 

Baltzer Schultz 
Jeremiah Krauss 
Peter Gerhard 
Barbara Gerhard 
Susanna Yeakel 
Anna Yeakel 
Casper Yeakel 

Rosina Yeakel 
David Krauss 
Andrew Schultz 
Maria Homiller 
Melchior Schubert 
Anna Schubert 
Anna Krauss 

Rev. George Kriebel was the first pastor of the congregation at Hosen- 
sack. The congregation at Kraussville was founded in 1772 upon land formerly 
owned by George Schumacher, in 1734, who sold it to Baltzer Krauss, Sr., in 
1749 and he sold it to his sou Baltzer Krauss, Jr., in 1772, who deeded it to the 
trustees of the congregation, who used it for a cemetery and erected thereon a 
church in 1815. The following were among the members of the congregation : 

John Krauss 
Andrew Krauss 
George Krauss 
Jacob Kreibel 
George Schultz 
Samuel Schultz 
David Yeakel 

Charles Yeakel 
Christopher Neuman 
Jacob Gerhard 
Jeremiah Meschter 
Christopher Yeakel 
Casper Yeakel 
Baltzer Krauss, sr. 

Anna Andreas 
Susanna Krauss 
Baltzer Krauss, jr. 
Maria Krauss 
Rosina Hunsberger 
Anna Kriebel 


The Dillingersville congregation was founded in 1735 from which origin- 
ated the Zionsville church. Among the founders of the congregation were 

Henry Reiss 
Christian A. Giithman 
Jacob Busch 
Leonard Lutz 

John Mechlin John Post 

Henry Dielinger Andrew Eckhard 

Martin Weitknecht Casper Ritter 
Michael Moser Peter Ross 

Peter Wentz Matthias Ochs 

The first pastor known was Rev. L. H. Schrenke. 
berg visited this congregation. 

The present Zionsville Lutheran Church, was founded in 1757 and 1758. 
The pastor was Rev. Rchaffer, Peter Hittle gave the land upon which the church 
is built. Among the first members of the congregation were : 

Rev. H. M. Muhlen- 

Frederick Kemmerer 
Henry Kemmerer 
Jacob Kemmerer 
Adam Gaummer 
Peter Kehl 
Balthaser Fettermau 
Annie E. Schwartz 

Cassimer Fetterman 

Herman Fetterman 

Jacob Stocker 

Andrew Stocker 

John G. Yeakel 

George Huft 

David Schartz 

The Reformed Church at Zionsville, was founded between 1740 and 1750. 
One of the first ministers of the Reformed Church was Rev. John Hecker., 
Among the early members of the congregation were : 

Christian Reinhard 
Gabriel Koehler 
Philip Flexer 
Jacob Rum f eld 
Anna C. Derrin 
John Fisher 

Anna C. Reiss 
Anthon Stabler 
John Ortt 
Nicholas Schwartz 
John Metzer 
Matthias Kem 
Eva Kem 
John. Reiss 
John G. Reiss 
Apolonia Schuler 
AnnaJVI. Hertzog 
Anthony Schuler 
Philip Walter 
Dcuuel Schwartz 

Yost Wieand 
Jacob Arner 
George Reinhard 
Adam Strickard 
Michael Ernet 
Philip Fisher 
Stephen Wander 
John Nic Seidel 
Peter Arnold 
Joes Leischel 
George Hartzel 
Henry Yeakel 
Peter Merkel 
Simon Schneider 

George Derr 
Peter Troutman 
Michael Schuley 
Martin Mack 
Anna Rosina Danison 
Christian Dabhnannin 
Margaritta Dielin 
Anna C. Folkin 
Anna B. Kercherin 
Maria C. Flexer 
Barbara Henserin 
Anna M. Steininger 
Elizabeth Metzerin 
Ursula Spiegelsin 

Early settlers of Upper Saucon township were the following : 

Christian Newcomb 
(leorge Lobus 
John Yoder 
Christian Smith 
Samuel Newcomb 
Fclty Staymetz 
(ieorge Troon 
Owen Owen 
Thomas Owen 
John Thomas 
William Murray 
r^Iichael Narer 

Adam Wanner 
John Williams 
John Tool 
Joseph Samuel 
Isaac Samuel 
John Appel 
Henry Kehrer 
George Marsteller 
Henry Rumfield 
George Hertzel 
Henry Hertzel 
Christian Laubach 

John Danishaus 
Jacob Mauser 
Frederick Weber 
Max Gumschafer 
Rudolph Oberly 
Michael Lintz 
Joel Arnimer 
Rudolph Illig 
George Bachman 
Daniel Cooper 
Michael Landis 
David Rinker 


Jacob Hertzel 
Matthias Menscher 
Dieter Kauss 
George P'reiman 
George Peter Knecht 
Peter Risser 
Paul Frantz 
Matthias Riegel 

Jacob Muschlitz 
Jacob Seider 
Joseph Frey 
Christian Heller 
George Brinker 
John Matthias Eichner 
Daniel Cooper 
John George Blank 

Jacob Gonner 

George Bockman 

Philip Kissinger 

Henry Rinehard 

John Reeser 

Henry Bowman 

Benedic Koman 

Henry Rinkard, jr. 

Frederick Wittman 

They had no wagons, horses, cattle, farming implements or provisions and 
often they had to go to the settlements on the Lehigh to get grains and other 
necessary articles. During the French and Indian war, 1754 to 1763, many of the 
settlers of Heidelberg and Lynn townships fled to Bethlehem and other places 
for protection from the Indians. 

Western Salisbury Church, founded in 1741. First Lutheran pastor Rev. 
John William Straub, Rev. Daniel Schumacher, was the first Lutheran pastor after 
the church had joined the Synod, 1753. The date of the erection of the second 
church is not known, but the third one was built in 1819. Among the first mem- 
bers of the congregation who lived, died and are buried at the Western Salisbury 
Church were : 

John G. Glick Adam Dorney 

Elias Weber George Keck 

George H. Mertz Michael Bastian 

John P. Kohler Christopher Bortz 

Jacob Danner Jacob Wieand 

George Bieber Henry Diefenderfer 

Martin Lazarus 

On Geissinger's farm is the burial place of Solomon Jennings, and his 
wife and also 10 or 12 Revolutionary Soldiers, Saucon is an Indian word mean- 
ing, — the valley, — where the creek has its beginning. 

Northampton County was taken from Bucks County in 1752 and the 
county line of Northampton was made by John Chapman, John Watson, jr., and 
Samuel Foulke, the following counties were taken from Bucks County : North- 
ampton, Lehigh, Monroe, Pike, Wayne, Susquehanna, Wyoming, Luzerne, 
Lackawanna and part of Schuylkill and Northumberland counties. 
The early settlers of the Macungies were 

George M. Brader 
Lorentz Klein 
Henry Kemmerer 
Christian Schneider 
Conrad Marck 
Christian Andreas 
Martin Ritter 

Peter Trexler 
Peter Walbert 
Jeremiah Trexler 
Joseph Albrecht 
Jacob Wagner 
Melchoir Schmidt 

George Steininger 
John Lichtenwalner 
William Meyer 
Henry Steininger 
Jacob Schlauch 

Lorentz Schaadt 
Bernard Schmidt 
Frederick Roraich 
He \ Trexler 
Peter Haas 

Philip Henry Rapp, 
The first Reformed 

The Lehigh Church was founded in 1745 by Rev, 
Lutheran minister. The first church was built in 1750. 
minister was Rev. C. G. Herman. 

Ziegel's Church was founded in 1745 and was later known as the Ma- 
cungie Church. The first members of this congregation were the families of Carl, 
Fenstermacher, Haas, Zimmerman, Reichard, Brauss, Schmidt, Schneider, Lynn, 
Mayer, Neff, Bernhardt. In 1771 Adam Brauss and Jacob Grim deeded the prop- 
erty to the congregation. 

Trexlertown Church was founded in 1784 by John Helfrich, 

The Evangelical Association's first church within the County was organ- 
ized in 1828 in Upper Milford township near Zionsville and the first building was 
erected in 1831. Bishop John Seybert was the first one to preach in these parts. 
Rev. W. W. Orwig and Charles Hammer were the first pastors. 

Among the first members were David Schubert, Christopher Schubert, 
George Yeakel, Peter Wiest and others. 

Early Settlers of the County. 

Valentine Clader 
Adam Clader 
Jacob Clader 
Henry Kramer 
Mr. Hartzel 
Mr. Hatz 
Jacob Bast 
Jonathan Ott 
George Ervenreider 
John C. Yeager 
Henry Beitel 
Christian Beitel 
Charles Colver 
Peter Kelchner 
Henry Fatzinger 
Michael Kelchner 

Jacob Arndt 
Andrew Martin 
Jacob Coltner 
Andrew Clymer 
Henry Diehl 
Jacob Daubenspeck 
Tobias Eberth 
John Eberth 
Leonard Foot 
Henry Francis 
Henry Frey 
Leonard Fahr 
Philip Fiddler 
Henry Frantz 
John Feller 
Christopher Fahr 
Peter Frantz 
John Frey 
Jacob Frey 
Francis Gilpner 
Peter Granwall 
Adam German 
Henry Geiger 


Daniel Flint 
Joseph Albright 
Henry Fogelman 
Jacob Sterner 
George Meyer 
Nicholas Steiner 
Anna Laubach 
George Laubach 
John G. Kurtz 
Joseph Dewalt 
Barbara Quier 
Daniel Ouier 
Michael Reichard 
Abraham Sterner 
Christian Sterner 


Nicholas Handwerk 
Peter Herger 
Henry Hair 
George Hafe 
Martin Kooger 
Frederick Kern 
George Knedler 
John Kuntz 
John Kunkel 
Michael Kunkel 
John Kern 
John Lapp 
Robert Levers 
Christian Lanahuer 
John Lintz 
Christian Langenohr 
Jacob Mowrer 
Jacob Moyer 
Peter Miller 
Peter Missimer 
Conrad Marms 
Felix Mantsingler 
Peter Musgenong 

John Sterner 
Barbara Sterner 
John Keim 
John Kelchner 
Jacob Keiper 
John Keiper 
Ludwig Keiper 
Abraham Keiper 
Joseph Kidd 
John Knauss 
Philip Kleckner 
Jacob Hauer 
Jonathan Hauer 
Christian Young 
Henry Brader 

Rudolph Peter 
Elias Painter 
Adam Reeder 
Peter Reege 
John Rhoads 
John Rockel 
William Rex 
Charles Ross 
Peter Raigh 
Michael Ramilie 
John Ruckel 
Peter Ruch 
Jacob Reedy 
John Rumple 
Conrad Reedy 
Henry Reinhart 
Andrew Shitler 
Frederick Schneider 
Melchior Schultz 
Daniel Schneider 
George Siegler 
Lawrence Simon 
William Silfoose 

Francis Giltner 
Frederick Giltner 
Jacob Giltner 
Joseph Garber 
Henry Hauser 
Henry Hoffman 
Michael Hevener 
Michael Hiskey 
John Handwerk 
Elizabeth Hoffman 

Heidelberg Church 

Jacob Peter 
Casper Peter 
William Peter 
John Hunsicker 
Jacob Mayer 
David Gisi 
Conrad Wirtz 
Frederick Niseli 
Ulrich Neff 
Henry Hoffman 
Peter Miller 
Henry Roeder 
George Kriim 
Jorg Schmaltz 
Henry Ohl 
Jacob Reidy 
Michael Fritzinger 

Michael Avers 
Peter Boll 

Valentine Bermerhoflf 
Martin Buehman 
John Bear 
Adam Kline 
John Correll 
Peter Derr 
Peter Doutface 
Michael Dieber 
Andrew Eschbach 
Martin Eighler 
George Ebenhart 
Martin Eutert 
Jacob Froch 
Henry Fuerbach 

Lowhill Church, 

Jacob Bachman, jr 
Jort George 
Nicholas Mauserbach 

Conrad Miller 
George Meal 
Ulrich Neff 
Ulrich Henry Neff 
Henry Oswald 
Michael Ohl 
Henry Ohl 
Henry Polinger 
Charles Pennington 
Jacob Peter 

was organized in 1740. 

Ulrich Sensinger 
Jorch Recks 
Peter Handwerk 
John Krauss 
Michael Mosser 
Daniel Burger 
Nickel Klein 
Henry Oswald 
Adam Winsch 
Leonard Mayer 
Andreas Schissler 
Frederick Schneider 
Jonas Matzinger 
Rudolph Peter 
Philip Wangheman 
John Weaver 
Simon Weho 


Peter Frantz 
Philip Fenstermacher 
Henry Hauser 
Christian Hoffman 
John Hartman 
Jacob Horner 
Michael Kimbell 
Philip Kerger 
George Kint 
John Klotz 
Henry Krellon 
Jacob Klotz 
Michael Mosser 
Peter Neider 
George Oldwine 

George Lind 
Teeter Seidler 
Christian Smith 
Christian Schmidt 
Henry Smith 
Frederick Snyder 
Philip Lehr 
Jacob Traubespeck 
George Welger 
Jacob Weaver 

First members were 

Peter Woodring 
Casper Weaver 
Leonard Wassen 
John Yeager 
George Ziegler 
Henry Kistler 
Philip Hess 
Solomon Walter 
Frank Walter 
Creorge Newhard 
Nickel Burger 
Michael Ruch 
Peter Miller 
Jacob Schlung 
Hans Ulrich Arndt 
John Niessle 

was organized in 1769. 

Andreas Eschbach 
John Hartman 
John George 

Jacob Riffle 
Maudlin Robenholder 
Andrew Rees 
David Riffle 
Jacob Row 
Zachary Satler 
Henry Shedd 
John Christian Stahl 
Andrew Sendell 
Peter Sell 
Andrew Sclizer 
Reynard Vogdeas 
John Wolfshurter 
Jacob Weimer 
John Conrad Redd 

First members were 

Peter Weiss 
George George 
Engel Thomas 

Jacob Bachman, Sr. 
Nicholas Bachman 
Christopher Knorr 
Henry Kempfer 
Peter Kocher 
Paul Bachman 
John Simon George 
Sylvester Holben 
William Holben 
Elizabeth Reichel 
Bernhard Schneider 
J. W. Schneider 

Peter Ball 
Abraham Knorr 
Lorenz Bachman 
Frederick Schneider 
Henry Ohl 
Michael Deibert 
John Teissluss 
Cathrine Ennes 
Christian Reiss 
John Reinschmidt 
William Stump 
Nicholas Kocher 


Valentine Barontheisel Michael Miller 
Michael Baumgardner Michael Moser 
Henry Brenigh 

Peter Beisel 
Jacob Billman 
Martin Brobst 
Michael Buck 
Peter Baldauf 
Jacob Barr 
Henry Bredieh 
Adam Clause 
Adam Creitz 
Gottleib Dennet 
John Everitt 
George Enos 
Philip Enos 
Philip Eberth 
Thomas Everitt 
Gabriel Foagher 
John Flugh 
Samuel Friess 
Daniel Heister 
George Harmony 
Zachary Heller 
Christian Henry 
Abraham Kerper 
Henry Kuntznian 
Jacob Kistler 
John Kistler 
Henry King 
Evan Long 
Jacob Leeser 

Simon Moser 
Jacob Muntz 
Conrad Muntz 
Lawrence Miller 
Christian Miller 
Frederick Michael 
Adam Miller 
George Nongener 
George Neiss 
John Neart 
George Oswald 
Daniel Oswald 
David Pillman 
Adam Potts 
Michael Poke 
Henry Pedneck 
Godfried Peatzle 
Mathias Rhoads 
Baltzer Redenhower 
Henry Rubrecht 
Job Siegfried 
Charles Straub 
Henry Snyder 
Andrew Leachler 
Nicholas Smith 
Jacob Snyder 
Melchoir Geer 
Gabriel Vogel 
Sebastian Verner 
Martin Wydsell 

Michael Brobst, Sr. 
John A. Geiss 
Jacob Bar 
William Schmetten 
Jacob Musserylang 
George A. Guthekunst 
Adam Duess 
Jacob Horner 
George Folk 
Philip Fenstermacher 
Mathias Schliman 
Nicholas Impody 

Philip Wertman 
George Witzell 
Henry Wiuderstein 
Michael Wertman 
Baltzer Yeager 
George Zimmerman 
George Hermany 
Peter Hunsicker 
Jacob Fetterolf 
Peter Fetterolf 
Philip Fetterolf 
John Fetterolf 
John Heil 

Marcus Wanneniacher 
Jacob Wannemacher 
Philip Wannemacher 
Casper Wieser 
Sylvester Holben 
John Holben 
Solomon Holben 
Bernhard Follweiler 
Edwin Schitz 
Joseph Gibson 
Christian Weber 
George L. Schut 
Henry Oswald 
Philip Gabriel Vogel -" 
Conrad Vogel 
John Vogel 
Valentine Schneider 
Jacob Lynn 
Peter Lutz 

Ebenezer Church, was founded in 1740. The first members were 

Peter Scholl 
Peter Beisel 
Mathias Schitz 
William Mayer 

Stephen Gross 
Abraham Schellhammer 
Philip Schuman 
Martin Grentler 

Ehrhard Ziesloff 
Jacob Grunewald 
Michael Fenstermacher 
Jacob Oswald 


Henry Widerstein 
Bernhard Schneider 
Aaron Hartzell 
Jacob Hoflfman 
Jacob Lynn 
Christian Miller 
Joseph Gerber 
John Schmidt 
Burkhardt Mosser 
Michael Bock 
Michael Hattinger 
Peter Kirschner 

George Moltz 
George Hahn 
John Lichtenwalner 
John Kuntz 
Abraham Yeakel 
Hans Jacob'Moyer 
Nicholas Meyer 
Balthaser Yeakel 
Richard Hockley 
Richard Johnson 
William Mohry 
Herman Mohr 
Philip Gabriel Vogel 
Eqidus Grim 
John George Guth 
Jacob Schwartz 
George Rupp 
George L. Breinig 
George Schall 
lacob Witchner 

George F. Schaffer 
Michael Schaeffer 
Frederick Roniig 
Adam Desh 
Conrad Haas 

Sylvester Holben 
Michael Habbes 
Adam Brentz 
George Brenner 
Philip Mosser 
Philip Wertman 
Philip Antoni 
Martin Schuck 
Dietrich Sittler 
Melchoir Duer 
Jacob Manz 
Joseph Holder 


Henry Hauss 
Conrad Billman 
John Kressley 
Andreas Straub 
Thomas Everitt 
Henry Konig 
George Kistler 
Abraham Offenbach 
Adam Arndt 
Jacob Donatt 
Frederick Hess 

William Heintz 
Daniel Schmoyer 
Casper Blyler 
Conrad Bean 
John Baar 
Jacob Eagner 
Andrew Eisenhart 
George Free 
Nicholas Free 
Christian Gorr 
Jacob Hoenberger 
George Hoflfman 
Adam Heberly 
Leonard Heychler 
John Jarrett 
Edward Jarret 
Jacob Koller 
Philip Kebler 
George Kebler 


Peter Butz 
Joseph Albrecht 
Philip Lauer 
Philip Christman 
Rev. Jacob VanBuskirk 

George Kerr 

George Mayne 
John Miller 
Henry Nobloch 
John Overcast 
John Reiss 
Andrew Reissell 
Casper Reiss 
Valentine Schick 
Jacob Shoemaker 
Jacob Strong 
Frederick Sikes 
Frederick Seitz 
Philip Shearer 
Martin Speigle 
Peter Trexler 
Godfried Tippendewer 
Jacob Wagner 
Matthias Weaver 

Adam Singmaster 
Peter Miller 
Lewis Larose 
John Y. Erdman 

Lehigh Church, 

Jeremiah Trexler 
John Matthias Egner 
M. Knappenberger 
John P. Fetherolf 
William Fegley 
Daniel Schmeier 
Frederick Seitz 
Christian Schmeier 
Jacob Barth 

was founded in 1740. The first members were 

Nicholas Schmidt Andreas Eisenhard 

Adam Moser Jacob Herman 

John Dietrich Valentine Meckley 
Gaumer Matthias Steinlein Michael Warmkessel 

Jacob Koller Bastian Druckenmiller 

Jacob Stephan George Christ 

Philip Drescher George Acker 

Stophel Miller Michael Shiffert 

Christian Gorr Balzer Federman 


John Peter Klein 
Jacob Wagner 
Jacob Wagner 
Jacob Banner 
George Ruch 
Mathias Heinli 
George Adam Bortz 
John Dee 

Frederick Basserman 
Philip Boehm 
Christopher Eschbach 
George Hoffman 
Conrad Hertzel 
John Kurtz 
Benedict Needingler 
Jacob Rickey 
John Raun 
William Raup 

Joseph Samuels 
Henry Brunner 
David Owen 
Philip Geissinger 
John Reeser 
Casper Wister 
George Zervitz 
Christian Newcomer 
John Bush 
Michael Cyder 
Henry Keiber 
Henry Taylor 
Owen Owen 
Christopher Hansel 
Samuel Newcomer 
William Murry 
George Bachman 
Henry Rumfield 
John Rothrock 
Henry Weber 
Conrad Walp 
Jacob Walp 
Andrew Walp 
Valentine Young 
George Marsteller 
John Tool 

Valentine Steinmetz 
Michael Weaver 
Benedict Camen 
Balthauser Beil 
John Appel 

Simon Ham 
Lorentz Schod 
Andreas Trexler 
Martin Boger 
Peter Mattern 
Emanuel Pfeiffer 
Lorentz Kuchele 
Matthias Ludwig 


George Spahn 
Abraham Transue 
George Weiss 
Solomon Jenning 
Jacob Geissinger 
Henry Knauss 
Martin Ritter 
T. Kemmerer 
Henry Keck 
Joseph Zimmerman 


Richard Thomas 
John Blackledge 
John Yoder 
George Strahan 
Peter Hillegas 
John Pugh 
Abraham Danahower 
John Bitz 

Carl Ludwig Keiper 
John Thomas 
Tobias Bahl 
Christian Meiner 
Samuel Everhard Kopp 
Peter Marsteller 
Christian Rinker 
Thomas Mayberry 
Adam Warner 
Rev. J. Berkenstock 
Peter Fuchs 
George Reinhard 
John Miller 
Philip Trapp 
Andrew Wint 
Henry Cressman 
Peter Meesemer 
John Ludwig 
Erasmus Boschim 
Frederick Derfinger 
Daniel Smith 
John Elfree 

Jacob Schankweiler 
Leonard Kuhns 
Conrad Kolb 
George Seller 
Joseph Albrecht 
John Weber 
Adam Desch 
Henry Koch 

Lorenz Klein 
Christopher Klein 


Philip Klein 
Nicholas Uberoth 
John Adam Euberoth 
William Line 
Jacob Spinner 
Jacob Merkel 
G. W. Moritz 
Daniel Diehl 

George Dutt 
John Koehler 
Anthony Boehm 
Jacob Bachman 
Philip Sharry 
Valentine Sherer 
Conrad Miller 
Frederick Gardner 
Matthias Egner 
Matthias Otto 
Jacob Gangewre 
Ludwig Bush 
Adam Kurtz 
John Philip Flexer 
John Adam Stout 
Cornelius Crump 
Christian Fry 
George Bastian 
Jacob Kiebler 
Adam Romich 
Richard Thomas 
Peter Reinhard 
Bastian Nave 
Tobias Paul 
Peter Bower 
Michael Flexer 
Leonard Boydelman 
Andrew Erdman 
Charles L. Koch 
John Erdman 

Equithius Grim 
Adam Braus 
Peter Grim 
Ludwig Reichard 
Conrad Neflf 
Daniel Knauss 
Michael Brobst 
Jacob Greenewald 
Daniel Stettler 
David Xander 
Casper Sunn 
Berndt Rupert 
Nicholas Beesaker 

Ziegel Church, founded in 1749 
The first members were 
Adam Brauss 
. Ludwig Reichard 
Bernhard Smidt 
Nicholas Mayer 
Peter Haas 


Daniel Zollner 

Philip Henn 

Jacob Stein 

Gottleib Ettinger 

Adam Bear 

Killian Leiby 

John Leiby 

Jacob Holben 

Jacob Schumacher 

John George Schumacher 

Abraham Knerr 

Peter Herber 

Sebastian Werley 


John Derr 

Rev. Daniel Schumacher 
George Rupp 
Nicholas Gehringer 
Leonard Danner 
Christian Seiberling 
Philip Wendel Klein 
Jacob Earner 
Rev. John H. Helfrich 
Frederick Hyneman 
Charles Hire 
John Bear 
Jacob Bear 
Known at first astheMacungie church. 

Jorch Schaffer 
Karl Oorn 
Urham Friebel 
John Merkel 
Daniel Krauss 
Michael Hotz 
John Hergerether 
Equtius Grim 
Zacharias Heller 
Frederick Windisich 
Adam Weber 
George Boyer 

John N. Gift 
George Zimmerman 
Michael Old 
Henry Gagenbach 
Melchior Ziegler - 
Philip Breinig 
Peter Heimbach 
Bartholomew Miller 
George Leibensperger 
Jacob Kuntz 
Albrecht Hummel 
David Nuzgenug 
Michael Confort 
Andreas Sassamenhausen 
George Schumacher 
>/ Melchior Seib 
Henry Miller 

Weisenberg Church, was founded in 1747. 

Peter Herber 
Jacob Herber 
Peter Weiss 
Jacob Holben 
Theodore Kempfer 
John Ehrenhard 
Henry Krechloch 
John Krechloch 
Jacob Bachman 
Christian Miller 
Andreas Riess 
John Carral 
George Zimmerman 
John Zerfass 
Valentine Derr 
Henry George 
John George 

Michael Bieber 
Michael Bock 
George Emery Schick 
Andrew Sinckell 
George Sieger 
George Kneedler 
George Schissler 
Eberhard Schmidt 
George Kind 
John Adam Klein 
Sebastian Werley 
Peter Frantz 
John DeLong 
Jacob Heilman 
Frederick Seiberling 
Matthias Schnieder 
John Dietrich Herman 

John Vogel 
Jacob Rummel 
John Herman 
Conrad Neflf 
John Heider 
Adam Schmidt 
Philip Klein 
John Bar 
Jacob Goho 
Frauz Wesco 
Yost Schlicher 
Philip Fenstermacher 
Jacob Acker 
George Falk 
Daniel Heftier 
Jacob Weitknecht 
John Doll 
The first members were 
Frederick Weigand 
Jacob Senser 
Jost Diehl 
Sebastian Gehringer 
Michael Hallenbach 
Peter Rabenold 
John Mayer 
Peter Bahl 
Daniel Stettler 
John A, Giess 
John Knerr 
John U. Weiss 
Christopher Frey 
John Daniel Werley 
Michael Thomas 
Casper Bittner 
Casper Hartman 


Adam Bar 
Leonard Fry 
Jacob Greenawald 
Wendel Holben 
Michael Broucher 
Nicholas Kemp 
Martin Buchman 
Abraham Diehl 

Michael Hoffman 
Lynford Lardner 
Peter Troxell 
Jacob Kohler 
Christian Steckel 
,_John Mickley 
Adam Deschler 
Anthony Deschler 
David Deschler 
Ulrich Burkhalter 
John C. Leisenring 
Ulrich Flickinger 

Paul Balliet 
John N. Saeger 
Paul Gross 
Melchior Sieger 
John Schaad 
George Ruch 
John Woodring 
Christian Bear 
Adam Romich 
Jacob Graff 
Martin Semmel 

Nicholas Kern 
Lorentz Guth 
Casper Wister 

Casper Peters 
Henry Hoffman 
John Rober 
John Rachel 
Adam Rachel 
Jacob Rex 
Wm. Fenstermacher 
Peter Handwerk 
Michael Wehr 
John Kunkel 
Michael Kunkel 
George Kunkel 
Leonard Wasson 

Henry Hartman 
William Schmetter 
Andrew Eschbach 
Peter Kocher 
Peter Schopp 
Philip School 
Valentine Kramlich 


George Ringer 
Michael Kelchner 
Joseph Showalter 
Christopher Kern 
George Koehler 
Joseph Bosler 
John Schreiber 
George Newhard 
John Eastburn 
Godfrey Knauss 
Jacob Wertz 


Michael Laury 
Adam Scheuerer 
Anthony Frantz 
Sebastian Miller 
Michael Newhard 
Adam Schneck 
Leonard Schis.sler 
John Lichtenwalner 
Henry Geiger 
John Ulrich Ahlmer 


Jacob Henninger 
George Wenner 
John Troxell 


Andreas Kunkel 
Henry Geiger 
Ambrose Remaly 
George Remaly 
Adam German 
Henry Hauser 
Nicholas Handwerk 
George Hofe 
Frederick Kern 
John Kuntz 
John Kunkel 
Michael Kunkel 

John Bar 
John Schissler 
Henry Schissler 
Leonard Schlosser 
Peter Schlosser 
George L. Schutz 
Henry Brunner 

George Hoffman 
Michael Harlacher 
Daniel Harlacher 
Christopher Blank 
Michael Kolb 
Adam Miller 
Stephen Snyder 
Jacob Schnarr 
Alexander Diefenderfer 
Jacob Yundt 
Henry Biery 

Philip Diehl 
Felix Arner 
John Hertzog 
Peter Burkhalter 
Jacob Saeger 
Nicholas Marcks 
Jacob Mickley 
Nicholas Allemang 
Adam Brown 
Samuel Sieger 

John Troxell 
Peter Steckel 

John Kem « 
Jacob Moyer 
Jacob Mowrer 
Peter Missemer 
George Nyhart 
Henry Oswald 
Jacob Peters 
Rudolph Peters 
Adam Reeder 
John Ruck el 
Peter Ruch 
Simon Wehr 




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NOTE :— Under the Constitution of 1790, a Governor could serve 9 years 
out of 12 years. Under the Constitution of 183S, he could serve 6 \'ears out of 9 
years. Under the Constitution of 1873, he could serve i term of 4 years only and 
he cannot be re-elected to succeed himself. 

Valuation of Lehigh County for 190I. 

AUentown, Taxables, 13,042 ; Real estate valuation, |;2o,290,3ii ; County 
assessment, 120,594,216; County tax, 145,307.11 ; State tax, 118,778.94 ; Money 
on interest, $4,694,729. Catasauqua, Taxables, 1,266 ; Real estate valuation, 
|i, 715. 745- County assessment, $1,770915; County tax, $3,896.00; State tax, 
|i, 964.44 ; Coopersburg, Taxables, 222 ; Real estate valuation, $266,310 ; County 
assessment, $288,300 ; County tax, $633.25 ; State tax, $969.44. Coplay, Taxables 
617 ; Real estate valuation, $501,495, County assessment, $543,035 ; County tax $1,- 
19469 ; State tax, $113.29. Emaus, Taxables, 539 ; Real estate valuation, $433,745 ; 
County assessment, $478,835 ; County tax, $r 052 99 ; State tax, $60211. Foun- 
tain Hill, Taxables, 374 ; Real estate valuation, $700,525; County assessment, 
$576,530 ; County tax, $1,268.36 ; State tax, $59226. Macungie, Taxables, 337; 
Real estate valuation, $271,661 ; County assessment, $287,281 ; County tax, 
$632.01 ; State tax, $573 Slatington, Taxables. 1,315 ; Real estate valuation, 
$1,070,256 ; County assessment, $1,178,995; County tax, $2,593.79; State tax, 
$519. West Bethlehem, Taxables, $1595; Real estate valuation, $1,326,663; 
County assessment, $1,308,928 ; County Tax, $3,099.63 ; State Tax, $773-49- 

Hanover, Taxables, 1,370; Real estate valuation. $1,473,798; County 
assessment, $1,525,618 ; County tax, $3,356 36 ; State tax, $1,255 26. Heidelberg, 
Taxables, 486 ; Real estate valuation, $569,088 ; County assessment, $600,034 ; 
County tax, $1,320 05. State tax, $5,694 32. Lower Macungie, Taxables, 1076 ; , 
Real estate valuation, $1,360,906 ; County assessment, $1,450,106; County tax, 
$3,190.24 ; State tax, $599.46. Lower Milford, Taxables, 507 ; Real estate valua- 
tion, $701,590 ; County assessment, $736,480 ; County tax, $1,620.25 ; State tax, 
$651.81. Lowhill, Taxables, 256 ; Real estate valuation, $315,307 ; County assess- 
ment, $325,9x7 ; County tax, $717.02 ; State tax, $206.58. Lynn Taxables, 686; 
Real estate valuation, $1,131,860 County assessment, $1,177,212 ; County 
tax, $2,589 85 ; State tax, $587.64. North Whitehall, Taxables, 
1,165 ; Real estate valuation, $1,250,561 ; County assessment, $1,335- 
271 ; County tax, 3:2,938.59 ; State tax, $672.40. Salisbury, Taxables, 1789 ; Real 
estate valuation, 11,776,864 ; County assessment, $1,898,819 ; County tax, $4,177 40 
State tax, $582.96. South Whitehall, Taxables, 820 ; Real estate valuation, $1,459- 
755 ; County assessment, $1,506,955 ; County tax, $2,315.30; State tax, $78097. 
Upper Macungie, Taxables, 756 ; Real estate valuation, $1,168,804 ; County assess- 
ment, $1,216,904 ; County tax, $2,677.18 ; State tax, $406.49. Upper Milford, Tax- 
ables, 1042 ; Real estate valuation, $1,505,307; County assessment, $1,083,271; 
County tax, $2,383.20 ; State tax, $845.77. Upper Saucon, Taxables, 1024 ; Real 
estate valuation, $1,140,040 ; County assessment, $1,233,775 ; County tax, $2,714.31 
State tax, $967.67 ; Washington, Taxables, 1,041 ; Real estate valuation, $825,- 
025 ; County assessment, $896,396 ; County tax, $1,972.07 ; State tax, 567.72 ; 
Weisenberg, Taxables, 492 ; Real estate valuation, $591,535 ; County assessment, 
$607,048 ; County tax. $1,335.50 ; State tax, $349,39. Whitehall, Taxables, 2,646; 
Real estate valuation, $3,398,340 ; County assessment, $3,512,635 ; County tax, 
$7,728,02; State tax, 5857.14. 

Total valuation, Taxables, 34,625 ; Real estate, $44,735.91. County assess- 
ment, $46,233,726 ; County tax, $101,714.12 ; State tax, $34,767.96 ; Cleared land, 
174,957 acres ; Timber land, 18,175 acres ; County debt none. 



In 1873 Lehigh county had a debt of 1404,742.61 In 1886 the last rem- 
nant of indebtedness was paid off, and no other has been created since. The 
total amount of county taxes levied and collected from 1856 to 1886 was 14,227 - 



$ 26,064.79 


28, 979-39 















































1 881 










I 22,625.01 
26,505 03 


46,606 24 






116,186 47 

$ 5,840.00 










The following figures were taken 
show Lehigh's importance as a manufactu 

Invested in land. 
Invested in buildings, 
Invested in machinery 

and implements 
Cash and sundries. 
Total capital invested 
Salaried officials 
Wage earners 

Men over 16 years 
Women over 16 years 

I 2,328,543 









from the official census report and 
ring centre : 

Wages 710,695 

Children under 16 years 1,100 

Wages 151,071 

Miscellaneous expenses : 
Rent of works 151,269 

Taxes, not including internal 

Revenue 62,829 

Rent of offices, interest etc. 1,279,692 
Contract work 529,855 

Total miscellaneous expenses 

Cost of materials, including mill 

supplies and freight 15,833,723 

Total cost of materials 17,593,067 

Value of products 31,250,205 


Have you ever stopped to consider 

what a prompt historian the the daily newspaper is ? 




has always aimed to present the complete news of 
Lehigh County as promptly as possible and that 
this is appreciated is attested by its large and well 
distributed circulation covering the entire county. 

Delivered in the City early each morning and 

reaches every Post Office in the County 

on the Day of Publication. 



Marcus C. L. Kline. 


S27 HAMILTON ST., STii.ES buiuoing 


Buy your milk 

fresh from the dairy. None 
but pure milk and fresh 
cream handled. Milk deliv- 
ered to all parts of the city. 

Watch for MOLLET'S Milk De- 
livery Team. 


Mountainville, Pa. 

P. O. AUentown, Pa. 

D. Fritz. J. R. Wahler. 


Staple and Fancy 

Provasions and Meats, 
Teas, Coflfees, Canned Goods, Etc. 

Fresh Eggs and Choice Butter. 

4th jwnd Gordon Sts., AUentown. Pa. 

John F. Kemmerer, 

Goods delivered to all parts 
of the city. 

Lehigh 'Phone. 




For L0C&.I History 

You are concerned about. 




Published Weekly at 


An excellent Advertising 

J. C. RACE, 

Cor. Third and Main Sts,, 
Emaus, Pa. 

Dealer in all kinds of 

Fresh and Smoked Meats, 

Groceries and Green 


Which will be sold at lowest 
Cash Prices. 



Notary Public, 
Real Estate and 
Collecting Agent, 

P.O. Box 322. 


Reuben Stettler, 

Dealer in 

Flour, Feed, Grain Baled 
Hay and Straw. 

Emaus, Pa. 

T* Niemoyer & Co* 

Dealers in 

Dry Goods, Groceries, 

Boots, Shoes, Hats, 
Caps, Queensware, and 

General Merchandise, 

Second and Main Streets, 

R. C. KING, M. D. 

Physicia^n and Surgeon, 

Limeport, Lehigh Co., Pa. 


Until 9.00 A. M. 

From 12.00 M. to 2.00 P. M. 

After 6 00 P. M. 

Trcd Rein$mith« 

Practical Funeral Director. 

And dealer in 

All kinds of Furniture 

J 38 Main St., Emaus, Pa. 

For the Best made 


and Saddlery Goods in 
Lehigh County, visit 

J. F. Sntitli & Son 


Harness, Collars, Flynets, Cairiage Robes 

For Pictures go to 

Photographic Studio. 

627-629 Hamilton Street, 
Allentown, Pa. 

Also fine assortment of Brooch Pins. 



General Merchandise, Dry Goods, 

Groceries, Hardware, 

Boots and Shoes. 

Shipping Station — 

Zionsville, Pa. 

Country produce is taken in exchange for 
which highest cash price is paid. 


J. F. Fretz. J. E. Fretz. 

J. F. Fretz & Bro., 

327 MAIN ST., EM AUS, PA . 


Havana and 
Domestic Cigars. 

H. S. FUNK, 


H. H. FUNK, 



Times Publishing Co., 





Advertising rates reasonable. 
Fine job work a specialty. 

John P. Shive, 






Emaus, Pa. 

Picnics and Parties Supplied at 
short notice. 

J. R. DILLER, M. D. 

Physician and 

Cmaus, Pa. 

7 to 8.30 A. M. 
OFFICE HOURS: 12 to 1.30 P. M. 
7 to 9 P. M. 

A large Variety of Goods at the 

very Lowest Prices always to 

be had at my Store. 


Dealer in 

Dry Goods, Notions 

and Groceries. 

Gents' furnishing goods a Specialty. 

Cor. 3rd and Main Sts., 

Reliable Cigar Factoryp 


Manufacturer of 


Factory : — Railroad Street. 
Office :— South 3rd Street. 



W, R. SCHULER, Prop., 

Of the original 

Plover Creamery. 

Manufacturer of the finest 
quality of 

Butter and Cheese, 

and Dealer in 


Plover, Pa. 

Shipping vStation 
Zionsville, Pa. 




3331^ Main St., Eniaus, Pa. 

Watches, clocks, Silverware and Jewelry of 

evevy description at Lowest Prices 

Give me a call. 

Satisfaction guaranteed and good and 

prompt service. 

Life-Sized Portraits and Frames furnished on 

short notice. 
Repairing of all kinds promptly attended to. 

Reliable Cigar Factory. 


B. H. Hamman, 

Manufacturer of 

Fine Havana 
and Seed Cigars, 

Factory, Railroad street, T:j^^^,,_ O- 
Office, South 3d Street, XilllttUS, l <X, 



Dealer in FLOUR and 


Orders promptly filled and goods 
delivered. Office, Yard and Store 

Zionsville, Pa. 

Perkiomen R.R. 

Dealer in 

Groceries, Poultry, 
Tobacco and Oysters, 

Main Street, 

The best and nicest goods in town. 

BUTZ & CO., 

Wholesale Dealers in 



140 N. 7th St., ALLENTOWN.PA. 

Trank Bucbman 

^ Liquor 

Chestnut Street, 




And Manufacturer of the 

Famous **Bos$" Steam PrcSzeU. 

Picnics and Parties Supplied. 

Emaus, Pa. 



our Presses by electricity enables us to turn out about twice as 

much work as the old fashioned foot-power printer, and we can, 

with all the Modern Appliances, do any class of work that is 

done in all the large printing offices in the community. 


The Printer, 

10-12 South 6th Street.