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By ■/ 

Pastor Grace Methodist Episcopal Church, 
Newport. Kentucky 




Mrs. O. G. Ragan. 

(iSffg 333ifc anb Co-laborer 


O. G. R. 


Dear Readers: We have gleaned the ma- 
terial for these pages from every known source, 
and have spent many days and months in ar- 
ranging these facts that you might not only be 
pleased, but instructed. Now, as we present 
this volume to you, receive it and read it in the 
spirit in which it is written, and we will be 

We owe a debt of thanks to our many 
friends for the cheerful assistance rendered; and 
especially do we thank Messrs. J. S. Mavity, 
John H. McCann and J. B. Bradley for their 
personal interest and zeal for the successful pub- 
lication and distribution of this book. 

It is proper and right to say that the author 
is responsible for the historical facts; but for 
the biographical sketches others are responsible. 
Very sincerely, 

O. G. Ragan. 


The richest heritage of any generation is the 
heroism and valor of a noble ancestry. The 
mind and the heart are the only secure places 
for such a glorious heritage. From lip to ear, 
or from printed page to eye, are the only meth- 
ods by which such values are handed down. 
He who collects and puts in lasting form for us 
the items of such inheritance has done us service 
that exceeds all possible compensation. 

The only apology offered by the author for 
the production of this book is a desire to render 
to the former and present citizens of Lewis 
County that enduring service of a connected 
history of their devoted fathers. 

What is dearer to us than the traditions of 
our fathers .f^ What is sweeter than the loving 
service of our mothers.^ To have a book telling 
us of the heroic deeds of our ancestors is a 
privilege few possess; but with such we are 
favored in the possession of this book. It tells 
us that these fertile fields were once peopled 
with trees and clinging vines that yielded to 
the swing of the axman's blade in the hand of 
our fathers. It tells us that the smiling mead- 
ows were once the wilderness home of the 


8 Preface 

treacherous Red ]Man, and were bought for us 
at the price of blood and life. It tells us that 
these laughing brooks and streams that now 
sing their songs of wealth and plenty were once 
the battle lines of our sires contesting with the 
savage for a home in the wilds. These templed 
hills of Lewis County that echo the call of the 
happy plowman or the laughter of the merry 
milkmaid had their first silence broken by the 
crack of the rifle and the groan of the suffering 

But lost in the midst of the gathering years 
are the glories of those struggling heroes. Buried 
in unmarked graves of sacred soil are the forms 
of our immortal dead — forgotten their work; 
unsung their praises; unthanked their service. 

From the fast-fading memory of the oldest 
inhabitants the author has gathered the folk- 
lore and traditions that render the unwritten 
records of Lewis County; and with much care 
and toil, from documents and letters fading 
with age, he has gathered the authentic history 
and put it all in a form convenient and perma- 

So that now while the ivy, myrtle, and 
clambering wild-rose drape with fadeless green 
and recurring blossom the resting-places of our 
loved and own, in the chimney seat or parlors 
of our (lod-blest "Home, Sweet Home" we 

Preface 9 

shall read the records of their loving toil. Or 
while the winter snow blankets with the emblem 
of purity the narrow beds of the silent dead; or 
while the wintry winds chant the requiem of 
peace over those tired but resting servants of 
the past — with this book in hand we will revive 
our thoughts and increase our love as we read 
again and again the undying deeds of our noble 
sires; and we will drop our tears of gratitude 
and love to the memory of our precious mothers, 
those Madonnas of the AYoods and Hills. 

George AYalter Bunton. 
Covington, Ky., June 1, 1912. 




Early Settlements: Salt Lick, Kinniconnick, 
Quick's Run, Cabin Creek, Sycamore, Pop- 
lar Flat, Concord, Tollesboro, Vanceburg, 
Clarksburg, Quincy, Valley, Petersville, 
Garrison, and Burtonville 15 


County Organization: Act Relating To — First 
County Seat — First Court — Removal of 
County Seat to Clarksburg — Rival Towns 
— Removal to Vanceburg — Conveniences 
AND Inconveniences Arising Therefrom — 
Change of County Offices — The Infirmary 
— Growth of Vanceburg — Wise Heads Who 
Bought Property at the Right Time — Pres- 
ent Condition of the City — Its Hopes for 
THE Fltture 87 


Legislative Acts In Favor of the County 137 


Succession of Officers — List of Representa- 
tives — Politics — Issues in the Various Cam- 
paigns — Delegates to the Constitutional 

Conventions 240 


12 Contents 



Common School System — Commissioner — Super- 
intendents — Boards of Education — Teach- 
ers — Growth of the School System in the 
County — Districts and Schoolhouses 348 


War Periods: Indians — Soldiers of 1812 and 
1861 — Companies Organized — Officers — 
Number of Enlisted Men — Those Killed in 
Action — G. A. R. Posts — Monuments 362 


Public Road System: Macadamized Roads — 
Originators of in the County — The First 
Built — Number Now in the County, and 
Location — Cost of Construction — County 
Subscription — Present Road System 367 


Biography of Important Men: The Bar — The 
Pulpit — The Forum — Teacher — The Doctor 375 



OF 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 
1880, 1890, 1900, 1910— Area— Occupations: 
Agriculture, Horticulture, Mining, Man- 
ufacturing — Soil — Climate — Society — 
Churches — Sunday Schools — Secret Soci- 


Contents 13 


ETiES — Water Transportations — Railroads 
— Political Parties — Newspapers — Public 
Debt — Capitation and Property Taxes- 
Division OF County Fund — Magisterial Dis- 
tricts AND Voting Places — Map 464 


Anecdotes and Traditions — Closing Remarks. . 490 


Chapter I 

Early Settlements: Salt Lick, Kinniconnick, 
Quick's Run, Cabin Creek, Sycamore, Poplar 
Flat, Concord, Tollesboro, Vanceburg, Clarks- 
burg, QuiNCY, Valley, Petersville, Garrison, 
AND Burton viLLE. 

The history of Lewis County begins con- 
temporaneoiisl}^ with that of the State of Ken- 
tucky, for within its borders Vanceburg was 
one of the landing places for emigrants who 
came from Pennsylvania down the Ohio to the 
famous hunting grounds of "Old Kainturckee." 
It is stated in Collins' History of this State that 
the first horses brought to Kentucky were landed 
from a flat boat at the mouth of Salt Lick Creek, 
and that there was a marked trail from the 
salt Avorks at Vanceburg up the creek and on 
past Burtonville to the Cane Ridge Settlement 
in Bourbon County. 

Lewis County was formed from Mason 
County in 1806. Its first county seat was at 
Poplar Flat, and the logs which formed it are 


16 History of Lewis County, Kei 'uchy 

still extant, and are now builded into a ^arn 
on the farm of John McCormick. The county 
was named in honor of Captain Merriwea her 
Lewis, the great explorer, and was the fo ty- 
eighth in order of formation. It is situatec in 
the northeastern portion of the State, and is 
bounded on the east by Greenup, on the soi th 
by Carter, Rowan, and Fleming; on the w( st 
by Fleming and Mason Counties; and on ti e 
north by the Ohio River to the extent of fortv^ 
miles. Its surface is much diversified by hi 1 
and dale, and watered by many creeks whos * 
sparkling depths, clear as crystal, are full ol 
fish of many kinds. 

Among the principal streams are Kinnicon- 
nick. Salt Lick, in the eastern portion of the 
county; and Sycamore, Crooked Creek, and 
Cabin Creek in the western; and Mud Lick, 
Buck Lick, and North Fork of Licking in the 
southern portion. 

Products. — The valleys of the Ohio and the 
creeks are very productive of all the cereals and 
roots usual to the Western countrj^ The 
eastern portion is of free-stone formation, and 
produces the best of stone for building purposes. 
It is also famous for tan-bark, hoop-poles, staves, 
and cross-ties. The southeastern portion is of 
limestone formation, and the uplands are gen- 
erally very productive as well as the bottoms. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 17 

The timber of this section consists of oak, ash, 
hickory, wahiut, maple, dogwood, and kindred 
growths, which at one time densely covered 
the virgin soil and was the natnral bivouac of 
the Red Man and the bear. But mighty changes 
have taken place here also, and the forest and 
its untamable occupants have given place to 
the fields of golden grain, rich pasturage, and the 
beautiful homes of peaceful citizens. 

Fruits. — The county is noted for its apples, 
peaches, pears, plums, and all the small fruits. 

Exports. — Cattle, hogs, tobacco, corn, wheat, 
timber, lumber, cross-ties, and cooperage. 

Mineral Waters. — There are many mineral 
springs in the county, the most noted of which 
are McCormick, Esculapia, and Glenn Springs, 
at the head of Salt Lick Creek. Esculapia was 
a famous watering place in 1840 and 1850 
under the management of Gould & Company. 
Its buildings were allow^ed after this to fall into 
decay, and in 1860 were destroyed by fire. 
Within the last few^ years the place has been re- 
built and modernized, and under the man- 
agement of Walker Bros, bids fair to become 
the most popular watering place along the 
Ohio River. 

There are other wells and springs, the most 
important of wdiich are the Salt Wells, near 
Vanceburg, and Kirk Springs, near Burtonville. 


18 History of Leiois County, Kentucky 

The salt wells have long since been abandoned, 
and the charcoal remains of the salt furnaces 
testify to their exact location and stand as a 
souvenir to daring deeds of the pioneer, while 
the Indian mounds on the hills just above as 
fully testify who were their wily foe and cunning 

Minerals. — Of minerals near Vanceburg, we 
quote Collins' History, page 467: 

"Near Vanceburg, in this county, is a large 
quarry of slate stone; and immediately at the 
water's edge at a common stage of the river, 
at the same place, is a quarry of white limestone 
rock, which produces remarkably white lime, 
and is said to contain from fifty to sixty per 
cent of magnesia. Free white or sand stone is 
found in great abundance on the Ohio, a few 
miles from Vanceburg, where there is also a 
large quarry of alum rock. On Salt Lick Creek, 
near Vanceburg, there is a copperas bed, from 
which the people of the county supply them- 
selves with that article; and one mile distant 
there is an extensive blue clay bank, suitable 
for stone ware and fire brick. There are also 
in the neighborhood two salt wells, three 
hundred feet deep, which afford a large quan- 
titj^ of water, from which this part of the State 
was formerly supplied with salt." 

There has also been a lot of zinc discovered 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 19 

near the mouth of Quicks Run, and it is said 
a silver mine exists on the same creek. Also 
silver has been found on "Kinney" in the days 
gone by, and is supposed to have been mined 
and minted by one Waite, who came over 
from Adams County, Ohio. 

Survey. — The first survey within the bounds 
of Lewis County was made in Forman's bot- 
tom bj^ Captain Thos. Bullett, in June, 1773. 
The land was afterward sold to William Trip- 
lette, who came to it in 1776. (See "Collins" 
History," page 465.) 

Surface. — Ours is a hill county, with narrow 
but fertile valleys. Along the river front the 
hills are much higher than those in the interior, 
and also the valley along the Ohio, in places, 
is wide, level, and fertile, with few sv/ampy 
sections as is common along some parts of the 

Going further back into the county you 
find the surface broken by high hills, but for 
the most part tillable. Along the principal 
streams you find the most level land, although 
there are broad plateaus of very rich soil on 
the uplands. 

Our county is not made principally in hills 
or valleys, but there are parts of the country 
gently sloping plateaus of very rich soil. In 
fact, there is scarcely a part of our county but 

20 History of Leuns County, Kentuclx'y 

can be utilized in one way or another to the 
great advantage of our farmers, either in till- 
able soil or pasture lands. 

In those sections of the county where is the 
really rough part, high cliffs and deep gorges 
break the earth's surface. Here, too, is found 
the most rugged scenery in great boulders, tall 
trees, and the ivy clinging to the precipitous 
cliffs in absolute profusion. Here is found the 
nest of the eagle and the den of the fox and 
mountain lion. 

Towns. — The principal towns are Vance- 
burg, the county seat; Clarksburg, Tolesboro, 
Fire Brick, Quincy, Garrison, Concord, Sand 
Hill, Poplar Flat, Petersville, Burtonville, and 

Manufacturies. — The manufacturing indus- 
try is chiefly confined to lumber mills at several 
points in the county; flour mill, a button factory, 
and can factory, hogshead heading mill, spoke 
factory, saw mill, and planing mill at Vance- 

There are still great possibilities in the quar- 
rying and manufacturing of freestone blocks. 
There is a brick plant at Fire Brick of large 
capacity, and at Garrison is a heading mill and 
spoke mill. 

Religion. — Chief among the denominations 
represented in the county are the Methodist 

History of Leivis County^ Kentucky 


and Southern Methodist, Disciples, Baptist, 
Presbyterian, and New Light Disciples Church. 
Salt Lick. — As Salt Lick seems to be con- 
nected with the first route from the river back 
to the settlements, we would suppose that 
settlers would probably be attracted to it sooner 
than to other parts, and for this reason we will 

Ox Team. 

give the history of its early settlers first, as it 
has been related to us from the children of those 
who actually made the settlements. We refer 
to Elijah Thomas and Dudley Calvert, both 
dead. The following is as Mr. Calvert related it: 
"The first cabin in the Salt Lick Valley, I 
think, was near the mouth of Dry Run, where 
the remains of the first salt furnaces are yet to 
be seen, about one mile from Vanceburg. 

22 History of Leiois County, Kentucky 

Where the next was I am not sure, but I think 
it was not far from the "fork," as it is called — 
say the farm owned by Mr. Bertram or the 
farm owned by Wm. E. Carrington. The first 
was made by John McDaniel, and the other by 
Isaac Halbert, the grandfather of Wm. C. 
Halbert, late of Vanceburg, now deceased. 
When we get on as far as the year 1800, 
there were several cabins in different parts 
of the valley, occupied by the Carringtons, 
Thomas, Shortridges, Campbells, Wilsons, John- 
sons, Eshams, Cottinghams, Calverts, Melsons, 
Harpers, Fishers, Davis, and others. 

"We now come to the year 1806, that gave 
birth to our dear old Lewis County. Landon 
Calvert was the first justice of the peace for 
Lewis County after the county was organized. 
A Baptist Church was organized and an edifice 
erected in the primitive style of the times. The 
graveyard on the pike, near Mr. Bertram's 
residence, is where the old house stood. It is 
now among the things of the past. There was 
also another church building near where the 
Meffords lived, and this will bring us up to the 
year 1808. At this time there was some trouble 
to get corn ground for bread. There was a grist 
mill on the creek about one and a half miles 
below the Esculapia Springs; but it was said 
that a hungry hen could eat as much as it would 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 23 

grind. This mill was owned by one Wilson. 
After this a grist and saw mill was bnilt near 
Clarksburg by Rowland T. Parker, and a horse 
mill was started near Bethel Church by Wm. 
Cordingly. A horse mill was started by Mr. 
Swearingen, and a grist and saw mill on Cabin 
Creek by Swearingen, and one near what was 
known as Old Union Church. 

"But I have left Salt Lick Valley. I will 
now come to the year 1812, when the first 
steamboat passed down the Ohio. She was 
called the 'Orleans.' This year, '1811,' there 
were great shocks of earthquakes that alarmed 
the people very much, and also strange sounds 
in the air, crashing like the falling of many 
large trees, sometimes like drums beating. And 
in the year 1812 we all know was the beginning 
of the war with Mexico. There was much stir 
and commotion about this time among the 
people in the valley. Half of the young men 
volunteered this and the next year. 

"The only school house in the valley was 
near where the Grange Hall stood. The first 
teacher occupying the old house was Edward 
Viers, or Veers. The scholars who attended 
school then are about all passed away. In the 
days spoken of we were much troubled by wild 
beasts of the forest, such as wolves, bears, 
panthers, wildcats, etc., so that it was hard 

24 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

to raise hogs or sheep, and even cattle and 

Some of the citizens of Salt Lick to-day will 
be interested to know the names of those old 
pioneers of a hundred years ago. 

Beginning at Esculapia Springs, which was 
at that time a forest, never having been touched 
by the ax, the first man to begin improving was 
John Fowling, an Englishman. He built a few 
rough houses, lived there a while, then moved 
to Maj^sville. The first improvement below the 
springs was by Jesse Melson. He cleared four 
acres of land, and built a cabin and moved in. 
The next to build, or rather to improve, was 
John McDaniel, who bought out Jesse Melson, 
and lived in this homestead until he died. This 
now leaves Mr. McDaniel the uppermost in- 
habitant of the valley. 

We now come to what was known as the 
Carmack farm. This was owned by William 
Wilson. This old settler had several sons who 
built cabins on his land, one of which was built 
on the site of the old Jones' tanyard, and two 
others above and below the old home place in 
the same vicinity. One of the boys owned and 
operated a grist mill. 

The next home was built by a man named 
Parker, from Ohio, and was afterwards known 
as the Cropper farm. In later j^ears it was 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 25 

bought by Carmack, and became a part of his 

Down the creek farther was what was known 
as the Martin farm, first settled by Fisher and 
Joseph Melson, and was afterwards owned by 
Spurgin Melson, who built a grist mill and saw 
mill, then sold out to Martin. 

The next farm down the valley is the Pugh 
farm, first settled by Henry Armstrong and 
afterwards sold to Daniel Thomas, who sold 
in turn to William Esham, and then was bought 
by Pugh. Down the valley, farther still, was 
the home of John Tulley, who seems to have 
been a tenant. John Tulley was the grand- 
father of John D. Tulley, of Cabin Creek. 
This place, after Tulley's time, was sold to 
Michael Dean, who sold to William Harper, 
and he sold to Daniel Thomas, and Thomas 
sold to Joseph Frizzell, and he to William Strade. 

Next in order is the farm on which the 
above-named Harper lived when he owned both 
farms. The next home was owned by James 
McPike, and when trouble began to arise about 
land claims, McPike pulled up and left. 

Next in order is the Campbell farm, owned by 
by an old Revolutionary War veteran. He 
served under Washington and fought at Brandy- 
wine Creek. Now comes the Calvert farm, 
settled by Landon Calvert in 1800. The Israel 

26 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Thomas farm is next in order, laid out by 
by Bartholomew Thatcher, and subsequently 
bought by Israel Thomas. The Carrington 
farm was laid out by Samuel Shortridge, then 
sold to Jesse B. Carrington, who lived and died 

First Deaths, Births, and Marriages. — The 
first death was an infant son of Israel Thomas. 
The next was Landon Calvert. He was the 
first man that died, and was buried in the ceme- 
tery back of the old Baptist Church, long since 
torn down, and no one can tell the spot. It 
has long been a resort for cattle and sheep. 
The first birth was that of Sarah Thomas, 
March 16, 1802. The first marriages were 
Israel Thomas and Catherine Thomas, William 
Campbell and Mary Tulley, Henry Halbert 
and Sallie McDaniel, Archibald Frizzell and 
Alice Hance. The last of the early marriages * 
was in the spring of 1805. The first settlers 
w^io belonged to any Church were Baptists, 
except George Thomas, who was a Presbj'terian. 
William Carrington's family was grown when 
he arrived in the valley. His son Jesse taught 
the first school. The house stood on the pike, 
north of where the second tollgate used to 
stand, near the Valley post-ofiice. Carrington 
married Margaret Esham, eldest daughter of 
William Esham. 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 27 

It was here the author of a few notes for a 
part of this article, EHjah Thomas, witnessed 
his first dance. It was in the year 1809 or 1810, 
and the fiddler was Randall Smallin. He said 
one of the dancers was dressed in buckskin 
moccasins and hunter's shirt and trousers, with 
red fringe. 

We have had a history of the early settlers 
and their deaths, births, and marriages; now 
we will study the people for a while. The 
Carrington people were well represented in the 
valley. In that early day the McDaniel family 
consisted of eight children, four boys and four 
girls, all grown to manhood and womanhood, 
and were married at the old homestead, except 
the eldest daughter, who died in childhood. 
Two sons and two daughters moved to Ar- 
kansas, and the eldest and youngest sons and 
the third daughter moved to Missouri. Am- 
brose, the eldest son, stopped in Rock House 
Prairie, Buchanan County, and was murdered 
by the guerrillas in 1864. Nancy Celia settled 
in the same county. She was the first woman 
to settle in Buchanan County, and died there 
in 1865. The youngest son, William, settled 
in Caldwell County, and was murdered by a 
Jiighwayman. The same year, the "Squire," 
as he was called, after the death of his wife, sold 
the old home farm and bought the Halbert farm. 

28 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

and built a tanyard. Soon after this he died, 
and was buried by the side of his wife, on the 
point of the hill in the woods on the east side 
of the creek, opposite his old farm. 

Landon Calvert had five sons and three 
daughters, and all grew to maturity and mar- 
ried. After the death of the father, the widow 
with her famil^^ except the eldest and youngest 
daughters, moved to Arkansas. The youngest 
son came back among his people and made a 
permanent home with them. 

KiNNicoNiCK. — Next in order comes the 
settlements of Kinniconick, which are of about 
equal date with those of Salt Lick. The Bruces 
were, perhaps, the most conspicuous among 
the early settlers of what is known as lower 
Kinny. Henry C. Bruce, a father, I believe, of 
a worthy citizen of Vanceburg bearing the 
same name, settled at the mouth of Spy Run 
in the year 1812, and built a mill at that place; 
and shortly afterwards George W. Bruce, Sr., 
and his brother Alexander, commenced their 
memorable career. At one time they had seven 
water mills running on Kinny, four of them 
sawing lumber, and three grinding grain. At 
an earlj^ date in the history of our county, John 
Craig located near the mouth of McDowell's 
Run. About the same time J. Moore, Thomas 
Clark, Basil Duke, and Abner Brightman set- 



History of Lewis County, Kentucky 31 

tied on the same creek, above the mouth of the 
run. Ohver Dewey built a small cabin at the 
mouth of Trace Fork, and lived at that place 
about the time Lewis County w^as struck off 
from Mason. A short time afterwards, in 1807, 
Aaron Stratton and Basil Burriss located Ken- 
tucky land warrants on the west side of the 
main creek, opposite the mouth of Trace Fork, 
and lived upon their premises respectively for 
a number of years. The next early improve- 
ments on the creek, above the last named, was 
by Balden Smith, at the mouth of Town Branch, 
about five miles from Vanceburg, and is now 
occupied by a man named Conrad. (?) Major 
McDaniel, an old citizen then living on Salt Lick 
Creek, located a Kentucky land warrant at an 
early date on the creek, near and opposite the 
mouth of Laurel Fork, and settled a tenant 
upon it by the name of Morgan. About this 
time Ambrose D. McDaniel, a son of the old 
major, made an improvement on the Laurel, 
and went into the stock-breeding business, and 
finally sold out to Thomas Stone, Sr., and 
emigrated Westward. About this time the 
Bloomfields, Eulitts, Staggs, Dyers, Staffords, 
and others also commenced their careers on 
Laurel Fork. Simultaneously with these move- 
ments were those settlements made on what is 
known as LTpper Kinny, or the Big Elk Fork, 

32 History of Lewis Coiinfij, Kentucl'ij 

by McEldowneys, AYallingfords, Jones, Burriss, 
Rankins, and others. With a few exceptions, 
all these old citizens of Kinniconick have been 
gone for a number of years, and some of them 
have now not a single descendant left in the 
county to tell the story of their lives. 

Quick's Run. — The general course of Quick's 
Run is nearly" east or a little north of east. 
This stream, for more than half its length, is 
only separated from the Ohio River by a ridge 
with many low gaps. Collins says, in his 
"History of Kentucky," that a line of forts was 
built on the Ohio River, in 1784, and fortified 
possession was taken of Kentucky, and was 
never after relinquished. So now, in the ab- 
sence of any other historical information, we 
conclude that the old Block House Fort was 
built near the mouth of Quick's Run about this 
time, and that John G. McDowell was placed 
in command and was still in command when the 
Red Man gave up his beloved hunting ground for 
ever. Caldwell's "History of Adams County, 
Ohio," tells of two children being toma- 
hawked and killed by the Indians near the 
mouth of Quick's Run. They were John and 
Obadiah Stout, children of Obadiah, Sr. 

George Calvin, a noted Indian fighter, was 
then an inmate of the old Block House Fort, 
and gave aid to the settlers against any band of 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 33 

lurking Indians, and his services were marked, 
and his hatred for the Red Man was very bitter. 
Mr. John H. McCann tells us he was shown a 
spot, several years ago, by Samuel Ails, now de- 
ceased, that Calvin pointed out to him where 
he, Calvin, had killed an Indian. It happened 
about this way: In an early day it was the 
custom, when you turned your horses out to 
graze, to fasten a bell to- the leader's neck so 
they would be easily found. On this particular 
morning the horse was wanted for some purpose, 
and search was made for it, but it could not be 
found. Finally the sharp ear of Calvin detected 
the sound of the bell far back in the forest on 
the side of the river hill. He became suspicious 
at once. Slipping away into the forest with 
his trusty rifle in hand, he crossed the ridge on 
the Quick's Run side, coming up behind the 
spot from which the sound of the bell was com- 
ing. He had a suspicion it was an ambuscade 
of one or more Indians, using the belled animal 
as a decoy. Moving silently and carefully 
through the forest, ever on the alert for Indian 
sign, he was finally rewarded. Looking just 
ahead of him, he saw an Indian standing watch- 
ing the approach of the men from the valley. 
His intention was too plain to be mistaken. 
Calvin, raising his rifle, took deliberate aim and 
fired. The Indian leaped into the air with an 

34 History of Lewis County, Kentuclxy 

agonizing yell, and fell at the foot of the tree, a 
crumpled heap. Mr. Calvin died many years 
ago, and is buried near the old church at Martin, 
on Quick's Run, in an unmarked grave. 

James Martin was another occupant of this 
fort, and while there, in 1793, his wife gave 
birth to a daughter. She was named Sarah, 
and afterwards became the wife of John Stalcup 
and the mother of B. C. Stalcup. Mr. B. C. 
Stalcup is still living near the mouth of the 
creek on a part of the old homestead, and is 
past eighty years of age. 

Perry Martin, a relative of old James 
Martin, is still living at this date, and has 
reached the advanced age of ninety-four years. 
He was a soldier of the Civil War. 

James Martin, after serving at the station 
for a year or two, moved from there and took up 
a large tract of land on the waters of Quick's 
Run, about two miles from the station on a 
stream that has ever after been called Martin's 
Fork. He remained here the rest of his life, 
and was buried on the farm. He has numerous 
descendants in the county. Mr. James Strick- 
lett is the owner of the old farm at the present. 

Jacob Stricklett was another occupant of 
this fort. He married Martha Cox, a widow, 
whose husband had been killed by the Indians. 
They were married in Adams County, Ohio, in 


History of Lewis County, Kentuchy 35 

1798, and soon after settled near where Mr. 
Thomas Irvin now hves, at the mouth of 
Martin's Fork. He reared a numerous family, 
and many of his descendants are living in the 
county still. William G. Stricklett is a grand- 
son, and Mr. Thomas Stricklett and son, of 
Vanceburg, are all descendants of his. He died 
many years ago, and is buried in the old burying 
place near Martin. 

Mr. Turner Davis came to what is now 
Lewis County in 1796, and proved up on a 
large tract of land extending from Martin's 
Fork, up Quick's Run, including what has been 
known in later years as the Henry Pell farm. 
He had a large family, and settled them on land 
around him. The old homestead is still stand- 
ing, and, no doubt, is one of the oldest houses 
in the county. John Doyal married one of his 
daughters, Christena, in 1796, and settled on a 
farm up the creek about one-half mile, on what 
was known for years as the Doyal Branch. Mr. 
Doyal was of Irish descent. He was born in 
Maryland in 1762, and fought in the Revolu- 
tionary War. He came to Kentucky soon after, 
and fought the Indians for several years. He 
was one of the spies, in 1792, that ranged up and 
down the Ohio River from Limestone (Mays- 
ville) to the mouth of Big Sandy River. (See 
"Collins' History of Kentucky.") When Lewis 

36 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

County was organized, in 1806, he was appointed 
justice of the peace, and occupied that office 
for several years. You will find his name 
prominent among the first officers of the county 
in its organization. He was a volunteer in the 
War of 1812, and served one year. The most 
of his life was spent in the service of his countr3^ 
He died December 8, 1845, and was buried on 
his farm, and his grave is marked only by a 
grove of pine trees that are keeping vigil over 
the old warrior and pioneer's resting place. He 
left a large number of descendants: David M. 
Doyal, of Carrs; AYilliam T., of Martin, are his 
grandsons; and Mrs. Susie Ruggles, of Martin, 
is a grandaughter. 

Another daughter of Turner Davis married 
Turner Nelson, and settled at the mouth of 
Nevel Branch. David, a son, settled on what 
is known as the William Pool farm, but did not 
remain there long, selling out to Mr. Shephard 
and moving farther West. The mother of the 
Hon. S. G. Hillis, deceased, was a daughter of 
this Mr. Shephard, and was born there in 1800, 
and married William Hillis, the father of S. G. 

Another daughter married Mose Arms, and 
settled on what has been known for j^ears as 
the Henry Pell farm. They had several chil- 
dren. One daughter, Sarah, born in 1800, mar- 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 37 

ried Henry Pell, and came into possession of 
the old farm. The whereabouts of the other 
descendants is unknown. 

Mr. Pell was the father of several children, 
but most of them went West, and none now live 
in Lewis County. 

The Ails family were early settlers on 
Quick's Run Creek. Benjamin Ails had a 
claim of several thousand acres of land near 
the mouth of the creek. They also had one or 
two water mills. Numbers of their descendants 
are still living in this county. 

The Voires family were also early settlers, 
and many of the descendants are living on this 
creek and in the county. 

The Thomas family were also early settlers 
on this creek. Plummer Thomas, who repre- 
sented this and Greenup County in 1809 in the 
State Legislature, lived on the farm now owned 
by William Doyal. 

John Carter, father of Thomas Carter, of 
Vanceburg, deceased, and of several other sons 
and daughters, settled on the farm now owned 
by Mose McVaney. 

John and Elijah Cox settled on Martin's 
Fork in an early day, John on the farm where 
William Lawson now lives, and Elijah on the 
farm now owned by William Stricklett. They 
both built water mills in the forties, but have 

38 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

long since died. The Millers ran these mills 
until 1855, when a great cholera epidemic broke 
out in Martin's Fork, and a large number of 
the Bevens, Burrises, Kenards, and others, died 
with this dreadful disease. 

John Irvin, grandfather of Thomas M. Irvin, 
Esq., of Martin, and Mrs. Elijah Graham, Mrs. 
George Queen, Mr. Robert N. Irvin, of Man- 
chester, Ohio, bought the farm now owned by 
Elijah Graham and T. M. Irvin, of a Mr. Pitts, 
in 1827. Also a water mill and a distillery. 
Mr. Irvin discontinued the distillery, but oper- 
ated the water mill for years, grinding both 
wheat and corn. He took several boat loads of 
flour to New Orleans. The mill has long since 
gone down. Mr. Irvin's first wife, Margaret, 
died March 13, 1839. Mr. Irvin died Decem- 
ber 15, 1864. 

John Greenhow emigrated from Yorkshire, 
England, to the United States, and moved to 
Lewis County and settled on Quick's Run. He 
bought the old John Doyal farm. Several 
children were born, who are among the best 
citizens of our county. Mr. John Greenhow still 
owns the old farm. Mr. Richard Greenhow, of 
Vanceburg, is one of his sons. Mr. Greenhow 
and his wife died several years ago, and their 
lives were not in vain. 

Nevel, a tributary of Quick's Run, was 

History of Leuns County, Kentucky 39 

named in honor of its first settler, who built a 
home on this creek in an early day. Whatever 
became of him is not known. 

Thomas Essex was the next settler, and he 
sold out to Edward B. McCann, in 1852. Mr. 
McCann raised a large family, a part of which 
is now dead. Edward and his wife, Elizabeth, 
have long been dead. W. W. McCann, the 
youngest son, still owns the old homestead. 
William McCann was born in Pennsylvania in 
1788 of Irish parents. His father's name was 
John, and his mother's maiden name was Nancy 
Culbreath. They came to Kentucky in a flat- 
boat in 1792. The party was attacked by 
Indians near the mouth of the Scioto River, 
and some of the party were killed. They landed 
at Limestone (Maysville), and went from there 
out to Miller's Station, in Bourbon County; 
and after the danger of Indians was passed, they 
settled on a farm in what is now Nicholas 
County, not far from Carlisle. Big John 
McCann, as he was called, raised three boys — 
William, James, and John. James went to Indi- 
ana in an early day, and his descendants live 
now in Boone County, Indiana, and near Indi- 
anapolis. John married and remained in Nicho- 
las County. William came to Lewis County 
and married Jane McKinzie, daughter of Alex- 
ander McKinzie, in 1812. In 1820 he bought 

40 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

a farm of Samuel Cox, near the headwaters of 
Quick's Run. He and his wife raised a family 
of eight children — four boys and four girls. 
John, the oldest son, went to Illinois in 1839, 
where he died, leaving one son. Alexander 
was married twice, and raised a large family, 
and was a soldier in the Civil War. He is now 
dead. The third son, Edward, married Eliza- 
beth Burris, a daughter of Abel Burris, one of 
the pioneer families of the county. Thomas, the 
fourth son, left a family of three children. One 
daughter, Ella, occupies the old homestead. 
Mary Ann, the oldest daughter, and also an- 
other daughter, Amanda, who never married. 
Nancy married a man by the name of Bolinger. 
They had no children. Ailsie married Morgan 
Cadwalader and had one son, and they live near 
Martin's on Quick's Run. William, his wife, 
and all of their children have long been dead. 
He was in the War of 1812, and witnessed the 
killing of Tecumseh, the great Indian chief. 
Thomas Pool settled on the headwaters of 
Quick's Run in the early part of the last century. 
He served in the War of 1812, and was with 
Commodore Perry when he captured the English 
Fleet, Captain Barclay in command, and sent 
that great message to General Harrison, "We 
have met the enemy and they are ours." They 
landed then and helped General Johnson defeat 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 41 

Tecumseh and the English, at the battle of the 
Thames, on October 5, 1813. Thomas Pool 
was truly a great and good man. He married a 
daughter of Alexander McKinzie, and was a 
brother-in-law^ to William McCann. He raised 
a family of several children, all of whom are 
dead. He has some grandchildren in the West. 
He died about 1853, and is buried in the old 
graveyard at Salem Church. 

Shaw, Frank G., was born in New York in 
1801, and moved to Decatur County, Ohio, 
with his parents. In an early day he moved 
from there to Ripley, Ohio, and learned the 
tanner's trade at Maysville, Ky. He moved 
from Ripley, O., to Vanceburg, K3^, in 1845, 
and went into the drygoods business in a little 
corner store, just below the old Cane's building. 
The next year he moved into the old Cane's 
building, on Front Street. He built a lanyard 
near Esculapia Springs, in 1846, and sold it 
to Jesse R. Grant, father of U. S. Grant, and 
bought a lanyard of the Grimes brothers, on 
Quick's Run, about two miles above the village 
of Martin, and took possession of it in 1847. 
He operated this tanj^ard two years, and then 
turned it over to his sons and moved back to 
Ripley, O., and bought a lanyard there, and 
operated it until 1865. He died at Washington 
C. H-, O., in 1874. He married Harriet M. 

42 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

Harden, and to this union were born seven 
children. R. H. Shaw died four years ago on the 
old farm near Muses Chapel, and is buried at 
that place. Allan lived in Illinois, and died in 
1911. E. A. lives on Salt Lick, was in the Civil 
War, and is a jolly good fellow. Frank, Green, 
and Alfred, we think, are all dead. 

The Village of Martin. — G. L. Queen 
and Thomas M. Irvin, general store and post- 
office; B. F. Jackson, grist mill and steam saw 
milling; Thomas Jackson, blacksmithing; James 
Stricklett, farmer and dealer in railroad cross- 
ties and fence posts; C. E. Stout, physician and 
surgeon; one Odd Fellows Lodge; one Independ- 
ent Order of Red Men; Henry and Shumate, 
farmers and blacksmiths; Elijah Graham, farmer 
and poultry raiser. The town contains one 
Christian Church, a fine building, and the 
Church is in a flourishing condition; one fine 
public school building, finished in 1911. Claude 
and Forest Queen, farmers and dealers in fine 
stock. William Kissick, retired farmer; John T. 
Beven, Ll M. Beven, Moses McVaney, Roland 
Harvey, Morgan Cadwalader, S. B. Campbell, R. 
O. Parish, W. W. McCann, George Greenhow, 
Frank Greenhow, Robert Gilbert, John Doyal, 
Arthur McCann, John L. Thoroughman are 
farmers of marked ability and enterprise. Wil- 
liam Law^son, mail carrier; a Methodist Episcopal 

Christian Church at Martin, on Quicks Run. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 45 

Church, situated two miles above Martin, on 
Quicks Run, Rev. W. H. Morris, Pastor; W. H. 
Hughs, carpenter, and Eli Belyew, farmer. 

Jacktown. — Craycraft and Henderson, deal- 
ers in drygoods and groceries, and post-office; 
Thomas Ruggles, blacksmith and general repair 
shop; x\ndrew Jackson, Thomas Burris, R. H. 
McCann, T. J. McKey, John McCall, Peter 
McCall, Thomas Manley, B. G. Kirkendall, 
Charles May, and John McCane are farmers of 
no mean ability of this community, and hon- 
ored and respected citizens. William McCane, 
carpenter. There is one school house, District 
No. 25, near Jacktown. 

Ails District. — One schoolhouse, one 
Christian Church, Elder Hilderbrandt, Pastor. 
There is, running the length of Quicks Run, 
and then east up the river to Vanceburg, one 
turnpike road in very good condition. 

Cabin Creek. — Cabin Creek lies almost 
entirely in the limestone belt of Lewis County. 
Its course is very irregular, running, during its 
length of fifteen miles, towards nearly all points 
of the compass; but a straight line down from 
its source to its mouth would have a bearing of 
about N. 70° W. Its source is in a free-stone 
formation, and its upper waters is what is termed 
soft water. While the lower twelve miles, as it 
passes through the lime-stone, gradually loses 

46 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

its free-stone nature and changes to hard water. 
No section of Kentucky could boast of finer 
timber than grew along the hillsides and on the 
bottom lands of Cabin Creek. Sugar tree was 
the predominant growth, but black walnuts, 
blue ash, and black ash hickory, and red oak 
were abundant ; and if the original black walnut 
trees were standing as they were in a state of 
nature, they would be worth on the market 
to-day, perhaps, half as much as the assessed 
valuation of the land. It was no uncommon 
thing to see one four feet in diameter and fifty 
or sixty feet without a limb. Such a tree, to-day, 
would pay for several acres of land; in fact, so 
plentiful was this timber, and so little did the 
early settlers value it, that not longer ago than 
tAventy years a large per cent of the ordinary 
fence rails was of black walnut. Fully fifty 
per cent of the natural growth was sugar tree 
or hard maple, as it is usually called, and every 
farmer had his sugar camp opened each year 
as soon as the season would permit; and the 
sugar-making season was quite an active one. 
Troughs were usually made of soft buckej^e, 
which was admirably adapted to the purpose 
and seemed to grow in that locality for this 
purpose alone. The wood is soft and easily 
converted into troughs, but, lacking durability, 
great care was required in keeping them dry dur- 

History of Letvis County, Kentucky 47 

ing the warm season. But alas for change! 
these primeval forests are mostly gone. The 
soil upon which they grew, when cleared, would 
produce large crops of any of the cereals, suited 
to the climate, such as corn, wheat, oats, po- 
tatoes, etc., and the sugar camp was made to 
give place to the cornfield. However, quite 
a number of the more thoughtful farmers on 
the creek have sugar tree orchards yet. 

The timber growth on land usually indicates 
the quality of the soil, and while this is not 
at all times a safe guide, it may be taken as 
a very strong indication. Sugar tree, black 
walnut, blue ash, etc., may, at times, be found 
growing in inferior land, but it will be found 
characteristic of Lewis County, at least, that 
they never predominate on this soil. 

The soil on Cabin Creek is a dark-brown 
loam, and is the most productive in the county. 
On many of the north slopes and in the bottoms 
it is frequently two feet deep. As an evidence 
of the fertility it may be as well to give an 
example. Mr. William Barkley had a bottom 
field measured by a surveyor, and then care- 
fully measured the corn that grew on it one 
year, and found it produced a fraction more 
than one hundred bushels per acre. 

About the year 1840 farmers began the 
cultivation of hemp, and found it to be a profit- 

48 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

able crop. But few of them, however, engaged 
in its cultivation, owing to the fact that it in- 
volved a great deal of very hard labor; William 
Fenwick, John D. Tully, Chas. J. Tully, and 
John L. Bradley being the only men on the 
creek who made a regular business of it from 
year to year. The cultivation of tobacco was 
not begun to any great extent until about the 
year 1875, after the introduction of the white 
burley variety. From that time to the present 
tobacco raising has been the principal business 
of most of the farmers, obviously to the injury 
of the land. Tobacco raising has not proven a 
success to the farmers of Cabin Creek — they are 
poorer to-day, and their land is poorer than it 
would have been if they had never commenced 
its cultivation. Apparently twenty years' ex- 
perience ought to convince them that it is best 
to abandon its cultivation altogether and go 
back again to stock and grain raising. The 
raising of tobacco, instead of adding to the 
wealth and prosperity of a community, is evi- 
dently an element of weakness to it, if long 
persisted in. 

About the year 1854. or 1855 James H. 
Barkley introduced the short horn breed of 
cattle, and made a faithful effort to induce his 
neighbors to do the same thing; but the process 
was slow. Previously the stock of cattle was 

History of Leivis Coiniiy, Kentuchy 49 

inferior, but gradually the scrubs were made 
to give place to superior stock; and principally 
through the persistent effort of Wm. Barkley, 
assisted a few years later by Harlan Teagar, 
Cabin Creek can boast to-day of as good cattle 
as are to be found anj^where. However, they 
were twenty-five years in doing what might 
have been done in ten. 

Strange as it may seem, reform along all 
lines are slow in their operation. People seem 
inclined to hold on to old ideas and habits 
until forced by circumstances to let them go; 
and in no case is this peculiarity more rapidly 
carried out than in an effort to improve stock. 
Farmers, by the way, and very much to their 
own disadvantage, take hold of improvements 
more sluggishly than any other class of men. 
Even in this advanced age, when the demand is 
for the best of everything, many of them per- 
sist in handling inferior varieties of stock, 
vegetables, fruits, grains, etc. There is no 
paying market for an inferior article when the 
superior is obtainable, and the sooner the farm- 
ing element of our country learns this truth the 
better it will be for them. "Produce a less 
quantity and a better quality," should be the 
motto of every farmer. 

The geological character of Cabin Creek is 
peculiar in that its rocks seem to have been 


50 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

formed, almost exclusively, of the remains of 
sea animals. The loose surface stones, es- 
pecially, are the pure fossiliferous limestone. 
Every rock is a study for the geologist, and 
various kinds of petrified sea animals may be 
found along any of the tributaries of the creek, 
while in places, for instance in the vicinity of 
Cottageville, the geological specimens are plenti- 
ful and interesting, especially to any one who 
delights in tracing the origin of things along 
dim lines. He might ask, "How did these 
little creatures get so far away from their 
natural home?" — at least six hundred miles 
from the nearest sea water, and fully four 
hundred feet from the sea level. "What great 
upheavel of nature located them where they 
are.^ What mysterious power changed them 
from animal life to indestructible stone .^ Has 
our old world yet assumed its unchangeable 
makeup.''" And many more questions of a like 
character might suggest themselves to the 
scientist — all of which we leave for him to 
answer. While timber growth is a strong indi- 
cation of the quality of the soil upon which it 
stands, yet it is only an indication, but rocks 
may be taken as a proof, and all soil having 
fossiliferous limestone as its basic mineral prin- 
ciple is rich in the elements of plant food. 
The entire slopes of Cabin Creek, excepting a 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 51 

few of its upper tributaries, are abundantly 
supplied with this stone; in fact many of the 
hillsides facing the south have them so abun- 
dantly as to be somewhat in the way when plow- 
ing, but they are of a fine shape for fence build- 
ing, and can be, and are, largelj^ utilized for 
that purpose. Perhaps there is more stone 
fence on Cabin Creek than on any other creek 
in the county of its drainage. In the creek bed 
the stone lies in regular strata having a slight 
dip to the east. 

These strata are from three to eight inches 
thick, and can be quarried at small cost, so that 
even fence necessary to be built on any of the 
farms on the creek can be put up at a cost not 
to exceed $1.25 per rod. This provision of nature 
renders the farmers independent of the owners 
of timber and the manufacturers of wire. This 
is true not only for the present, but will be true 
for thousands of years yet to come. In an 
early day, when driftwood was abundantly 
distributed along its banks, the creek would^ 
at times, do much damage by washing away 
soil and fencing. By getting rid of the driftwood 
this has largely been checked, so that now but 
little damage is ever done by high water; how- 
ever, since most of the hillsides have been cleared 
off, and quite a number of them have been set 
in blue grass, the shedding of the water into the 

5% History of Lewis Co7inty, Kentucky 

creek channel after a rain is much more rapid 
than formerly, so that, at long intervals, the 
creek yet does much damage. But if the land- 
owners would quarry the rock from the creek 
bed with which to build fence, instead of taking 
"them from the surface, where they are needed 
as a fertilizer, the channel would be deepened 
and all danger from high water would be ob- 
viated. It will not be out of place to note in 
this connection, that if Cabin Creek ran towards 
the east, instead of running towards the west, 
high waters in it would be much more common. 
The creek and clouds would then be moving in 
the same direction, and the smaller streams 
would all be brought down together — of course 
this assuming that a very large majority of our 
storm clouds move eastward, which is the fact. 
They come up from the west and shed their 
waters first on the lower tributaries, and, owing 
to the fact that the drainage is sudden and 
rapid, the lower tributaries receive and dis- 
charge their waters before the upper waters 
come down. It can be seen that if the creek 
and cloud were moving in the same direction, 
and the condition as to soil and other circum- 
stances remained as they now are, tremendously 
high water would frequently be the result. 
Salt Lick runs towards the east, but lacks one 
important condition in the chain of natural 

History of Lewis Coimiy, Kentucky 53 

causes that tend to make a creek subject to 
damaging floods, namely, a clay subsoil. When 
the territory is perfectly saturated with water, as 
it sometimes is, this logic fails, so that streams 
conditioned like Salt Lick are, under such cir- 
cumstances, liable to get verj^ high — usually in 
the winter months, and very rarely in the 
summer. Nature seems to have provided for 
these matters by causing streams, in this sec- 
tion at least, whose water-shed has a clay sub- 
soil, against the general direction of storm 
clouds. Cabin Creek is bridged three times — 
once by the M. F. S. L. and V. Turnpike Road 
Co. — this is a substantial lattice bridge, built 
by Thos. Hinton, of Flemingsburg; once by the 
T. P. F. and C. Turnpike Co., and once by Cabin 
Creek Turnpike Co. These last two bridges 
are substantial structures, built by a Mr. 
Bryant, of Ohio. 

Tributary to Cabin Creek are about twenty- 
two miles of macadamized road, operated under 
five different charters; and, having plenty of 
limestone for repairs, they are among the best 
roads ih the county. Cabin Creek has ohe 
pike exactly five miles long, extending from the 
Tollesboro and Concord pike, down the creek 
to the Mason County line. This is one of the 
nicest buggy roads in Kentucky, being through- 
out its whole length very nearly- level, and is 

54 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

kept in repair with gravel of the best Hmestone 
variety, which is abundantly distributed along 
the creek. This road can be kept in repair for 
$20 per mile, and if it was extended up the creek 
a distance of two miles, so as to top the Vance- 
burg and Tollesboro road at the bridge, the 
travel on it would be very largely increased 
and the pike would become a nice paying insti- 
tution. Under the present toll system, with 
the extension mentioned, the toll receipts would 
reasonably amount to $500 per year, leaving a 
net profit to the owner of $400 per year. 

Cabin Creek was so named on account of 
the great number of Indian huts found along 
its banks, and while the name is not at all 
euphonious, it has clung to it for over one 
hundred j^ears, and will probably be its name 
Avhen Gabriel comes to wake up those who 
sleep there. Cabin Creek post-office was es- 
tablished by the Government in the year 1798, 
and was the only post-office outside of a large 
radius for the first forty years of the county's 
existence. Afterward Orangeburg was given a 
post-office, then Poplar Flat, and later still 
Tollesboro, so that the old Cabin Creek post- 
office is one of the oldest offices in the county. 
The mail was carried on horseback from Mays- 
ville to the mouth of Big Sandy once a week. 
By the way, our worthy fellow-countyman T. B. 

History of Lewis County, Kentuchy 55 

Harrison, when a boy, carried the mail on this 
route one year. It was a dangerous route in 
those days on account of high water, and re- 
quired a boy of good nerve and sound judgment, 
both of which Mr. Harrison possessed to an 
extraordinary degree. His judgment, however, 
was better on the dangers hirking in a stream 
of high water than on a horse trade — to which 
George Featherkile can testify, if he is yet ahve. 
This post-office has a feature in its history 
worthy of mention — it has never been a pohtical 
office. During the twenty-four years of Re- 
pubhcan administration it was kept almost all 
the time by a Democrat, and during the eight 
years of Mr. Cleveland's administration it has 
been kept all the time by a Republican. The 
postmaster at this place has uniformly been 
acceptable to the people, and they did not 
desire a change. 

The first fifteen or sixteen dwellings built 
on the creek were built on almost precisely the 
same plan, varying only in size. They were 
built of logs and covered with clap-boards. All 
the lumber used in their construction was whip- 
sawed, there being at that time no other kind 
of lumber obtainable. They were usually 20 x 
30 feet, and 1}^ stories high; the lower part 
was divided by a partition, leaving the front 
room 20 x 20 feet, in which was a large fire- 

56 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

place, usually wide enough to admit a 5-foot 
backlog. The remaining 10 x 20 Avas divided 
into two small bedrooms, with a stairway 
between them. Along one side was an open 
porch, and at the end of the porch another log 
room, which was used as both kitchen and 
dining-room. In fact, up to the \^ear 1837 
every house on the creek was built on sub- 
stantially the same plan. In about the year 
1837 or 1838 William Norwood made quite an 
addition to his house, and put weather-boarding 
over the old part, and painted the whole struc- 
ture. This was the first painted house on the 
creek, and remained so for about ten years, 
when Mr. Moses Given renovated and painted 
his house, where Mr. Daniel Farris now lives. 
Not one of these old dwellings is standing to- 
day that has not been done over and put in an 
unrecognizable shape. Quite a number have 
been torn down and a more modern structure put 
in their places. Several of them have been 
burned down by accident, and the remainder 
have been added to and modernized. Thus has 
passed away most of the old landmarks of Cabin 
Creek. Mr. John G. Fee and his followers 
made an effort to have the name changed from 
Cabin Creek to Glenville, but were unsuccessful. 
The people of the vicinity persisted in calling 
it "Feetown" in derision. Strangers, in passing 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 57 

up and down the creek, would many of them 
get the idea that there were two places instead 
of one. They would get confused as to its 
location and distance away very naturally', but 
for quite a number of years this condition of 
affairs niust be explained to all strangers when 
passing through. But in 1886 Mr. Thos. J. 
Tully, who was postmaster at Creek, succeeded 
in getting the name changed from Cabin Creek 
to Cottageville, and by the latter name it is 
now quite well known throughout the countr3\ 
During these good old times we were speak- 
ing of corn huskings were very popular and 
were events of much enjoyment. The corn 
would be gathered and thrown in a long ridge. 
The hands needed no invitation until the even- 
ing of the husking. Plenty of whisky would be 
on hand, and a bountiful supper would be 
prepared. The buskers would, usually, bring 
their wives with them, or, if he had no wife, 
his sister, and if no sister, then some other 
fellow's sister. The suppers were never eaten 
until the husking was all over. The women had 
to work hard to prepare a supper for seventy- 
five to one hundred men, women, and children. 
It was generallj^ eaten between 11 and 12 P. M. 
Usually two captains would be selected of com- 
petitive strength, whose duty it w^as to divide 
the buskers into two lots, as nearly equal as 

58 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

possible, and be captain over those of his own 

The ridge of corn was then divided in the 
middle by laying a rail across it. All hands 
would then get on one side of the ridge so that 
the corn could be thrown on the other, and the 
race would begin. Of a moonlight night — and 
such nights were usually selected for the purpose 
— it was a most interesting sight to watch the 
white ears of corn flying across the pile like 
great flakes of snow. In a company of forty 
or fifty the stream of corn would be constant. 
As the pile of unhusked corn melted away the 
pile of husked corn grew larger, and as the 
whisky in the jug went down the spirits of the 
buskers went up; and as the rail in the center 
was approached the hilarity would increase. 
The finale came when the successful side had 
reached the center mark. Their captain would 
be lifted up by some of his men and tossed on 
the captain of the other side. Then would 
begin a trial of strength between the two, w^hile 
their men would cheer and yell until the hills 
for miles would ring with their shouts. Usually 
the affair would terminate not in favor of the 
strongest, but in favor of the one who had 
been most temperate in handling the jug. 

And now^ for the supper — meats of all kinds; 
butter, milk, and cream to overflowing; great 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 59 

stacks of apple and pumpkin pies; wheat and 
corn bread; tea and coffee — all eaten at one 
course and finished up with hot biscuits and 
butter, sweet milk, and maple molasses — enough 
to make one's mouth water to think of it, even 
at this late date. 

Emigration from Cabin Creek to the Western 
States began to be frequent along in the forties. 
William Norwood and his son James went to 
Washington, Iowa. David and Melville Maple; 
John, James, and George Brown went to Wa- 
pella, 111. James Tolle went to Missouri, and quite 
a number of others sought homes in the more 
level lands of the West. James Norwood married 
the oldest child of Captain Samuel Ireland, and 
a sister of Judge William Ireland, late of Ash- 
land, K^^ During the fifties the spirit of emi- 
gration struck the younger generation, and 
quite an exodus took place. Daniel, Samuel, 
and Thomas Barkley, sons of Wm. Barkley, 
went to Wapella, 111.; Harvey Gidding to 
Champaign County, 111.; John L. Tully to 
Ohio; Benjamin and Moses Given and families 
to Fleming County, Ky. ; and Thornton Farrow 
to Piatt County, 111. Cabin Creek has, since 
its first settlement, been remarkable for the 
liomogeneousness of its population. The entire 
population has been, and is yet, purely Ameri- 

60 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

In 1807 Ramsey and Young put up a water 
mill and built the first dam across the creek. 
This mill passed into the hands of several parties 
without any* material change being made in it 
in the way of improvement. In about 1836 
John D. Tully bought or traded for the property, 
and did considerable improvement during his 
two or three years of ownership; after which 
he sold it to Mr. Wm. Norwood, who changed 
it into a five-story flouring mill and put in a 
steam engine, the first one ever operated on 
the creek. James Norwood, in the year 18 — , 
put up a sash saw mill, which was the first mill 
of the kind for miles around, and, together with 
the steam engine at the flouring mill, attracted 
a great deal of attention and became quite a 
place of resort for the people of the neighbor- 
hood. The flouring mill, however, was .short- 
lived. Improved methods of converting wheat 
into flour forced it to stop, and, although several 
efforts were afterward made to change it and 
put it in shape for successful work, it was never 
a paying institution. Minor and John Barrett 
did considerable work on it. They rubbed the 
rust off the old engine and put in a saw mill 
to be operated by steam, which might have 
paid, at that time, had it not been for the intro- 
duction of improved machinery, both in the 
way of steam power and saw mills, but steam 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 61 

engines underwent such an improvement about 
this time that such as were manufactured by 
Mr. James Jacobs in Maysville, Ky. — and this 
was a Jacob's engine — could not compete with 
the new engine, and w^ere forced to idleness. 
New methods of converting logs into planks 
also came into general use and drove out the 
old, clumsy sash saw. 

The Barretts, like their predecessors, lost 
money in the operation, notwithstanding they 
were good business men, industrious, frugal, and 
upright. When the great car of improvement 
comes along it crushes all who do not adopt its 
methods. Some men are fortunate in getting 
on the right side of these changes — make for- 
tunes out of them — and then imagine that 
their own shrewdness has achieved the result; 
when, in truth, they have been only the passive 
recipients of favors, bestowed by circumstances 
with which they had nothing whatever to do. 
Others happen to get on the wrong side, and 
are crushed under the massive wheels of im- 

The Barretts sold out to Mr. Andrew^ Blount, 
from Nicholas County, upon whose hands the 
old mill sank further and further into decay, 
and seemed a weight upon the shoulders of its 
owner. The property then passed into the 
hands of Asa McNeal, who had learned from 

62 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

the experience of his predecessors that the day 
for improving and operating such a mill was 
past, and that nothing could now be done Avith 
it more than to utilize the water power, al- 
ready belonging to it, and use it as a grist mill. 
While Mr. McNeal operated the mill in such a 
way as to lose no money on it, it proved a very 
costly experience to his son, Johnson McNeal. 
In November, 1861, Johnson, then a young 
man just in the prime of life, met with an acci- 
dent that rendered him a cripple for life. He is 
living yet, and enjoying as good health as most 
men of his age, but has not been able to walk 
a step since the accident. When a boy he was 
of a quiet disposition, loving books and solitude 
much better than company, and this part of his 
nature has had much to do w^ith lessening the 
burdens of his confinement for the space of 
thirty-five years. He is now fifty-six years old, 
and, while his hair is gray, his appearance, 
otherwise, is that of a man much younger. 
Books are his associates, and, having a good 
memory, he is, to-day, among the most intelli- 
gent men in the county. The accident from 
which he is suffering could so easily have been 
avoided that thoughtlessness alone is to be 
charged with it. It was not one of those calam- 
ities that come upon men sometimes in such a 
manner that no human ingenuity or forethought 

History of Leiois County, Kentucky 63 

could have avoided it, but was the direct result 
of a want of care, not only on his part, but 
upon the part of those who Avere in the mill 
with him at the time. He was sitting on the 
lower one of a large pair of buhrstones, dressing 
it, and had raised the upper stone by means of 
a large wooden screw, fixed, permanently, for 
the purpose, and so arranged that when the 
stone was raised it could be swung around so 
as not to be over the lower stone. By this 
arrangement it was only necessary to raise 
the stone a few inches and then swing it around, 
leaving the lower stone free to be worked on, and 
obviating all danger. Instead of doing this, he, 
with the help of his brother James and the 
miller, Enos P. Fuller, had raised the upper 
stone, weighing, probably, one thousand lbs., 
sufficiently high for him to sit under it and work 
without swinging it around. The screw em- 
ployed was of birch wood, about 4 or 43^2 inches 
in diameter, with a good, heavy spiral, and had, 
when new, been of sufficient strength to safely 
sustain such a weight; but it was very old, had 
probably been exposed to the action of the air 
for thirty years, and had in a large measure 
lost its strength. Without a moment's warning 
this ponderous stone stripped the threads from 
the screw and came down on young McNeal, 
crushing him in a frightful manner. By almost 

64 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

superhuman efforts, his brother and Mr. Fuller, 
using levers, lifted the stone and dragged him 
from under it, to all appearances dead; but, 
after suffering intensely, and struggling between 
life and death for three or four months, he so 
far recovered as to know that immediate death 
would not be the result, but that he was doomed 
to the life of a helpless invalid. And for thirty- 
five years he has been deprived of the use of his 
lower limbs; yet, in spite of this affliction, he 
seems to enjoy life as well as many others, 
owns a good farm, lies in bed and transacts his 
own busfness; reads, smokes his pipe, and takes 
life easy. The old mill finally passed from 
McNeal's hands, and became the property of 
J. B. Bradley; and, at last, in August, 1886, it 
crashed to the ground during a heavy storm, 
and thus disappeared from Cabin Creek one of 
its oldest landmarks, "Norwood's Old Mill." 

From about 1850 to ISG'i there were three 
water grist mills on the creek. To-day there is 
none. The steam engine has driven them to 
idleness, and hence to decay. 

The public schools of Cabin Creek have 
probably kept pace with other schools of the 
county. Before the creek was bridged it seemed 
necessary to make the creek district boundary 
lines. Since the bridges have been built the 
reason for making the creek the verge of school 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 65 

districts instead of making it the center no longer 
exists. Prior to building the bridges, and while 
the creek was the district line, schoolhouses 
were built as nearly in the center as possible. 
This arrangement placed them away from the 
creek, and hence away from the pike and the 
denser population; and, although many efforts 
have been made to have the unlucky combina- 
tion changed, and the schoolhouses brought 
out and placed on the pike, none has ever been 
successful. Our county school superintendents 
seem to have seen no way to make the change 
agreeable to all concerned, for, while it would 
be a great benefit to a large majority of the 
patrons, it would be a present injury to the 
minority, and minorities have their rights. 
The disadvantage and injury to the minority 
would be only temporary, for what they would 
lose by having the schoolhouse at a greater 
distance from them, they would more than 
gain by improved schoolhouses and renewed 
interest on the subject of education, and, no 
doubt, ten years after the change they would 
not wish to return to the old state of affairs. 
Any change that will encourage the cause of 
education generally should be made, even if 
there are a few objections. 

Cottageville should have a schoolhouse by 
all means, but unless its citizens pull loose from 


66 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

the school district on which they are located, 
and build a school of their own, they are cut 
off from all hope while the main creek remains 
a divisional line. This little village of fifteen 
families, having a church house, two stores, 
two grist mills, post-office, blacksmith shop, a 
physician, and resident farmers, is incomplete 
without a schoolhouse; and a change making 
it the center of a school district, instead of plac- 
ing it on the verge of two, would awaken a 
new interest in the subject of schools, and the 
whole neighborhood would feel the good in- 
fluence. For the benefit of this quiet little vil- 
lage, permit us to call the attention of those in 
authority in these matters to this opportunity, 
here offered, to do its people a lasting good, and, 
at the same time, push forward the general cause 
of better schools. 

Lewis County has been organized as one of the 
counties of the State for more than one hundred 
years, and during this time it has been repre- 
sented in the State Legislature thirty years by 
citizens of Cabin Creek. This is much over its pro 
rata, and would indicate that lawmakers thrive 
best in a limestone country having a clay subsoil. 
Benjamin Given served one term; Joshua Given, 
one term; Clayton Bane, one term; Thomas 
Marshall, three terms; Lu-iah McKellup, one 
term; John L. F^tch, one term; Rufus Emmons, 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 67 

one term; A. J. Hendrickson, one term; Frank 
Hull, one term; Isaiah Grigsby, one term; Dr. 
Wm. Bowman, two terms; and A. D. Pollett, 
one term. There are only about forty-five square 
miles of territory tributary to Cabin Creek, 
which is just one-tenth the area of the county; 
yet this small territory has furnished one-third 
of the county's representatives. Coming to the 
office of county judge, we find but one ac- 
credited to Cabin Creek — Thomas Henderson, of 
Poplar Flat — and making a mathematical cal- 
culation, we find that nine county judges should 
have been sent up from this section. This ex- 
cess of lawmakers, and extraordinary lack of 
county judges, coming from this particular part 
of the county, evidently teaches this lesson, that 
lawmakers, generally, must get some one else 
to explain the laws they have made. 

Cabin Creek, like all other sections of the 
county, was violently divided in sentiment 
when the Civil War broke out. Quite a number 
of its citizens saw cause to oppose the coercion 
of the seceded States to the authority of the 
President-elect, and seemed to treat the mat- 
ter as one which w^as yet a subject of argument. 
Men of good moral standing — intelligent and 
upright, patriotic in every sense of the word — 
who would not consider for a moment a propo- 
sition to disobey lawful authority — failed to 

68 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

consider the fact that the time for argument 
was over when the President-elect of the United 
States was denied the right of authority over 
a certain portion of its members. It must not 
be considered that those who opposed coercion 
were rebels, and desired a divided government. 
True, this epithet was applied to many of them 
during the excitement of actual war; but with 
the return of peace came a return of greater 
liberality, and society very soon came back to 
its old conditions of good feeling. While the 
strife lasted, however, the feeling of animosity 
between those favoring the war and those oppos- 
ing it was very bitter, and manifested itself 
many times in unpleasant scenes. It is remark- 
able, and at the same time praiseworthy, to 
note how rapidh^ this bad feeling passed away. 
A very short time after the close of the war 
differences vanished and neighbors were neigh- 
bors again. 

Cabin Creek was fully up with other por- 
tions of the county in furnishing soldiers for the 
Union Army. The 4th, 10th, 16th, and 54th 
regiments were all represented. Most of these 
escaped the dangers of war, returned to their old 
homes, and probably one-fourth of them are 
yet living in the same neighborhood from 
which they enlisted. Fully one-fourth of them 
failed to answer to the home roll-call, the re- 

History of Leiois County, Kentucky 69 

maining half have either emigrated to other 
parts of the country or crossed over the River 
of Death. Casualties and violence belong to 
the history of Cabin Creek, as well as to other 
portions of Lewis County. Every county in 
every State of the Union, unfortunately, has 
these things to contend with, and no history 
would be complete that omitted them. His- 
tories should go in pairs — one should be written 
by a friend and one by an enemy. The friend., 
following the impulses of his love and sympathy,, 
is inclined to enlarge upon everything praise- 
worthy, and to minimize everything of an oppo- 
site character. Thus he shows us the place and 
the people of whom he writes, not in their true 
light, but presents them with enlarged virtues; 
while their vices are either hidden entirely or so 
bound around with palliating apologies as to 
leave an impression on the mind of the reader 
far from correct. If we read only history written 
by a friend we lose much information to which 
we are, of right, entitled, and which belong to 
a full knowledge and understanding of the 
places and persons writt^'n of. History should 
be truth; and while it may be unpleasant to 
make record of crime, when speaking of home and 
home people, yet it must be remembered that 
the reader is entitled, not only to the truth, but 
to the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. 

70 llisiorij of Lewis County, Kentucky 

During the winter of 1856, probably in 
January, Brigadier General Thomas ]Marshall 
was shot and instantly killed by John Tyler. 
The shooting took place in the yard of Mrs. 
Gray, on the headwaters of Clear Creek, a 
small stream emptying into Cabin Creek about 
one-fourth of a mile below Ebenezer Church. 
The circumstances surrounding the shooting 
were of such a nature as to deprive Marshall 
almost entirely of the sympathy of the neighbor- 
hood, and but little eli'ort was made to capture 
Tyler, who made his escape and was never 
brought to trial. Marshall was impetuous and 
overbearing, and especially to those who would 
not readily yield to his authority. Tyler was a 
stern, uncompromising man, easily insulted, 
and revengeful, and both men were strangers 
to fear. They had had a difficulty about the 
measurement of some land, during which ]\Iar- 
shall struck Tyler across the left temple with a 
heavy cedar cane, the small limbs of which had 
been left about a half inch long, and then 
sharpened. The blow was a savage one. The 
blood flowed from the wounds made by the 
sharp knobs on the cane in torrents, and to add 
to Tyler's rage, Marshall's men, of whom he 
had three or four with him at the time, would 
not let Tyler get hold of him, or the trouble 
worild have been settled on the spot. Tyler, 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 71 

finding that he could do nothing with Marshall 
at that time, went immediately home and got 
his gun, and then went on the hunt of his 
adversary, and, as has been stated before, 
found him at the widow Gray's, just in the dusk 
of the evening. He took no advantage of 
Marshall, but immediately notified him that 
one of them must die that evening, and told 
Marshall to get ready. Marshall took him at 
his word, and went hastil^^ into the house and 
got his rifle and came out with it presented 
towards Tyler. Tyler fired, and Marshall fell, 
mortally wounded. Just as he fell, he exclaimed, 
"My God, he has killed me," and never spoke 
afterward. Thomas Marshall was a man of 
but few kind impulses, and rendered assistance 
to the needy only to show his superiority. He 
was a man of considerable wealth, and conse- 
quently had influence; was chosen three times 
to represent his coun+y in the Legislature, and 
was a boastful, but efficient, representative. 

In October, 1859, George W. Bovard struck 
Jack Johnson on the head with a stone, from 
the effects of which he died in about twenty- 
four hours. This unfortunate occurrence took 
place at Brown's Run schoolhouse during the 
progress of a debate among the boys of the 
neighborhood. Johnson had been to the mouth 
of Cabin Creek on some business, and had 

7''2 History of Leiois County, Kentucky 

been induced to drink of the whisky sold there. 
The mouth of Cabin Creek is in Mason County^ 
about three miles from the crossing of the Lewis 
County line, and was known by the name of the 
Dead Fall for miles around; and, indeed, a more 
appropriate name could not have been found. 
It proved a dead fall to many a poor fellow. 
Jack Johnson among the number. He came to 
the schoolhouse on the evening referred to in 
a maudlin state of intoxication, and behaved 
in such a manner that Bovard, in a gentle way, 
undertook to quiet him. But Johnson became 
more boisterous than ever, and instead of 
quieting down, took offense at Bovard's re- 
marks, and, drawing a long knife, made as 
though to cut him. A bystander told Bovard 
to get out of his way, that Johnson had a knife. 
Bovard backed away from him until obstructed 
by the schoolhouse, when he suddenly stooped 
down and picked up a rock, weighing about 
two pounds, and struck Johnson on the head, 
just over the left ear. Johnson fell unconscious, 
and died within twenty-four hours. Previous 
to this time Johnson had been in the emploj^ of 
Mr. George Rowland as a farm hand. He was 
a member of the Christian Church, and had 
behaved himself in the most exemplary manner 
during his entire stay in the neighborhood. 
Bovard had an examining trial before Magis- 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 73 

trates Jas. Boyd and David Ferris, and the 
evidence was so much in his favor that the 
case was dismissed. But some member of the 
grand jury had him indicted at the December 
term of court of 1859, and his case came up 
before the June term of the Circuit Court of 
the next year, Judge Ehjah Phister presiding. 
When the case was called and the witnesses 
sworn, only two witnesses for the defense had 
testified when the judge peremptorily threw it 
out of court, pronouncing it a plain case of 

Until about 1850 Cabin Creek had never had 
a resident physician. Dr. W. D. Greer about 
this time came from New Hampshire and 
settled about half a mile above Cottageville, 
and commenced the practice of his profession. 
Shortly after he came to Cabin Creek his wife 
died, and he afterwards married Harriet Boyd. 
In 1861 they moved to Aberdeen, O., and again 
Cabin Creek was without a physician. Some 
time in the sixties Dr. Barnett practiced medi- 
cine a few years at Cottageville; also Dr. 
Barnes tried it a while immediately after Dr. 
Barnett. After this there was a space of prob- 
ably ten years, during which time there was not 
a physician on the creek; then Dr. N. F. Jordan, 
of Bloomington, 111., came and began practicing 
at Cottageville, and he remained a little over a 

74 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

year. A Dr. Winters succeeded him, and re- 
mained about six months. After him came 
Dr. Honaker, a former resident of Vanceburg, 
and remained about three years, and then 
moved to Pond Run, O. Dr. Morgan PolHtt 
came next, and remained about two years, and 
moved to Maysville, leaving his practice to 
Dr. Dumont, who had ah*eady invaded his 
territory. Dumont remained but a short while, 
and moved to Georgetown, Ky. Dr. Winder 
then, after purchasing a nice house and lot of 
T. J. Tully, and beginning like a man who 
intended to do something, moved his family 
and began the practice of medicine in 1893 at 
Cottageville. Since then he has built up a good- 
paj^ing practice, gained the respect and esteem 
of the community, and has made himself so 
useful that he could not well be dispensed wuth. 
Dr. T. J. Rowland also practiced medicine at 
Cottageville a few years, probably about 1858-59, 
and Dr. Day at Poplar Flat, sometime during 
the seventies. 

Ebenezer Presbyterian Church house w^as 
located about 1806, and is consequently one of 
the oldest church houses in the county. It was 
first built of logs, and the old log structure re- 
mained until 1850, when it was remodeled in- 
side and out, Mr. Jas. Gidding doing the work. 
It seemed to be an idea of those olden times 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 15 

that church, schoolhouse, and grave ground 
should be located near each other — that the 
trio formed an inseparable combination; and 
in accord with this idea a schoolhouse was 
located within fifty yards of the church house, 
and the church house was located inside the 
graveyard. Some w^ho are living on Cabin 
Creek to-day attended school for the first time 
in this old schoolhouse, but about 1847 it was 
torn away, and schoolhouses began to spring 
up in new places. Washington, Brown's Run, 
and Owl Hollow schoolhouses were built about 
the time Ebenezer schoolhouse was abandoned, 
and afterward these houses determined the 
location of school districts; for, in districting 
the county, according to the public-school 
system which was at this time being set in oppo- 
sition, these houses were made, as nearly as 
possible, the centers of districts. Sometime in 
the fifties, D. H. Baldwin, of D. H. Baldwin & 
Co., of Cincinnati, O., taught singing school 
at Ebenezer Church. He could not sing on 
account of some defect in his voice, but was 
fully acquainted with the principles of music, 
and had good use of the violin, so that he was 
a successful teacher. Ebenezer being the only 
church house for miles around had much to do 
with shaping the religious sentiment of the 
neighborhood, so that +lic community was, and 

76 History of Lewis County, Kentuclxy 

is yet, strongly Presbj^terian. Dr. Grundy, of 
Maysville, was their preacher for many years. 
Rev. Hendrick, of Flemingsburg, has preached 
there, regularly, a portion of the time, and, 
occasionally, for the last fifty years. He 
seemed to have, by common consent of the 
members, a general supervision over the affairs 
of the Church, and is to-day regarded by them 
as their best adviser. Rev. Condit, of Washing- 
ton, Mason County; Adams, Fate, Gould, 
Fields, and Brown, who is their pastor now, 
have all preached there. The last four were 
regularly installed as their pastors for the time 

Sycamore. — Sycamore Creek has its head 
near Covedale, and runs in a northerly direction 
to the Ohio River. Like many of the other 
streams of Lewis County, it had along its course 
many of the early settlers. Chief among the 
historic spots along Sycamore is the site of the 
old water mill back of Concord, which was 
operated by Elijah Wade more than seventy 
years ago. He sold out to Jesse Marklin, who 
operated the mill until about 1884. Since then 
the old mill has fallen into decay. The machin- 
ery has been removed and the building used 
for a barn. 

Among the early settlers were Rolley Fea- 
gans, Paul and Abraham Blew, Joseph Epson, 

History of Leivis County, Ko ducky 77 

William Reed, John Vance, Henry Tolle, Charles 
Wood, Frank Feagans, and Henry Schwartz. 

It is said that the noted and eccentric Lorenzo 
Dow, a Methodist preacher, once owned land 
and lived on this creek. 

CovEDALE. — Covedale is situated on the 
watershed at the head of Sycamore Creek, and 
one branch of the east fork of Cabin Creek. 
The public buildings consist of a schoolhouse 
and a church, owned by the Christian denomina- 

E. M. Marshall is postmaster and general 
merchant, and J. H. Reidinger, D, F. and S. V. 
Fry are tobacco merchants; and J. N. Hughes 
is a dealer in lumber. O. E. Secrest, Matthew 
Tirgin, H. C. Myers, Bruce Vance, O. M. 
Reganstien, A. H. Graham, C. A. Taylor, and 
G. W. George are prosperous farmers. 

Concord. — We are under obligations to W. 
R. Burns for the following history of Concord: 

"In 1828 Chauncy B. Shepard, the repre- 
sentative from Lewis County, had a bill before 
the General Assembly which authorized the 
formation of a town or village on the land 
owned by John and Edward Stephenson in 
said county, and at the March term of the 
Lewis County Court, in 1830, on petition of 
said John and Edward Stephenson, said petition 
was granted and the name Concord given the 

78 History of Leuns County, Kentucky 

village. It is situated on the Ohio River, im- 
mediately below the mouth of Sycamore Creek. 
The area was 463^ acres, and the same was 
vested in the hands of Chauncy B. Shepard, 
George Boyd, Tavenor Moore, and William 
Watkins, as trustees. 

''Samuel Stephenson was appointed clerk 
for said village. The village was laid off in lots, 
streets, alleys, and out-lots. The lots were sold 
on July 16, 1830, and Thomas Lindlej^ was made 
treasurer, and Isaac Chandler, collector. 

"To give all the names or history of those 
who were here in the earlier days would be 
impossible now; all are dead, perhaps, and 
their descendants gone. 

"Samuel Stephenson was the first postmas- 
ter. He had a general store in these days. 
Only two or three mails each week were re- 
ceived, and these by overland route. In those 
days Mr. Stephenson and John Lovel, who was 
also in the general store business, bought their 
goods in Philadelphia and Baltimore, going and 
coming in wagons. 

"Mr. Stephenson retired from business here 
and moved his family to his farm, a few miles 
from here, where he died some years later. 
Luther and Calvin Stephenson are his sons, who 
inherited his estate and are among our most 
thrifty farmers and respected citizens. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 79 

"There was at one time a large tannery here, 
operated by the Grimes family, who were 
related to Jesse R. Grant, who worked in the 
tannery for a time. It is said that General 
U. S. Grant did some work also in this tanyard. 
The large currier's stone used to dress hides on 
in this yard is now in front of the Burns' home. 

"When the village was laid out, a large part 
of it, fronting on the river, was reserved for 
the purpose of the farmers, who put their logs, 
w^ood, and tanbark there to send away on 
flatboats, or to sell to the steamboats. Some 
times three or four wood yards were here sup- 
plying the boats with fuel, and a number of 
cords were sold daily. All this reserved ground 
has been carried away by the river, and what 
was once a wide street (100 feet) none remains. 
In 1874 several feet of land and several build- 
ings were carried away by a slip in the bank; 
fortunately, no lives were lost. 

"Flatboat building was at one time carried 
on extensively here, as many as eight or ten 
buildings at one time. Five or six steamboat 
hulls have been built here. 

"Mr. John Lovel had the first saw mill here, 
and did a large business. Several houses now 
standing received their lumber from this mill. 
Uncle Patrick Bivan (colored) was the engineer. 
He lived near here on a little farm. (Died 1901.) 

80 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

John Taylor succeeded Mr. Lovel in the niilHng 
business, and he was succeeded by Hon. R. B. 
Lovel and G. L. Purcell. 

"At one time the fine Merchant Flouring 
Mill, built by Taylor & Brown, did a large 
business and made the best of flour; for a few 
years last past it has done no other than a 
small custom business in grinding and sawing 
lumber, there having been a saw mill attached 
to it. 

"The old saw mill, first built and then re- 
built on the same ground, was wrecked in the 
flood of 1884, being then owned by G. L. Purcell. 
It has never been rebuilt since that time. 

"There are three churches in the village — - 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, built 
in 1848; the Freewill Baptist Church, built in 
1888; and the old Union (brick) Church, built 
in 1830 and deeded to trustees to be used bj^ 
all religious denominations in good standing, 
has been replaced by a building now owned 
by the Christian, or Disciples denomination. 

"We have a good new schoolhouse, just 
completed, which is a credit to the village. 

"In 1850 Concord had the first newspaper 
published in the county. It was called the 
Concord Pioneer, and later Pioneer of Progress. 
It was edited and published by E. Holderness. 
A few copies are still to be seen. We extract 

History of Lewis County, Kentuchy 81 

from the issue of September 6, 1850: 'A Gala 
Day at Concord.' — -'A gala day at a celebration 
given by the Sons of Temperance of this place.' 
'Professor Bell, of Maysville,' was orator of the 
day, and the 'Manchester Band' discoursed 
sweet music. 'Fifteen hundred to two thousand 
people were present.' The editor then lauds 
the citizens of Concord for their hospitality, etc-. 
'Sam. P. Armstrong' also made one of his fine 
speeches. 'Pacific Division' of the Sons was 
then one of the largest in the State, and it 
seems to have been spreading itself on this 

"In the same issue, J. L. Boyd advertises 
as having just received a fine, large stock of 
goods and groceries, and adds, 'Call, and get 
more than you can carry away, for a little 

'"The Boyd House and Wharf boat, No. 1,' 
'John R. Duke, Saddler,' 'Wm. Rea, Hotel and 
Wharfboat,' are among the advertisers. 

"The Pioneer was a four-page, four-column, 
14 X 20 sheet, published weekly, containing very 
good editorial matter, together with some prose 
and poetry as general reading matter. Its 
motto was: 'Justice, Truth, and Virtue.' 

"At the regular election for village officers 
the following voters and candidates appeared: 

"J. H. Hayslip, John Irvin, William Wade, 

82 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

John Lovel, James H. Davis, D. B. Morgan, 
Edward Stephenson, M. Harvey, J. L. Boyd, 
James M. ]McMiller, John Greenlee, A. Levy, 
Thos. Tncker, Arthur Stephenson, Thos. Lind- 
ley, D. Sampson, Wihiam Greenlee, W. Barrett, 
C. B. Shepard, Samuel Stephenson. The candi- 
dates received the following vote: J. M. Hay- 
slip, 13; x\rthur Stephenson, 15; E. Berriman, 
12; John Lovel, 13; David Sampson, l-l; Samuel 
Stephenson, 11; J. L. Boyd, 8; J. H. Davis, 2. 

"Wyatt Owens, R. M. Owens, R. D. Taylor, 
J. V. White, and William Sparks have been 
blacksmiths here at different times. The only 
one of these now living is Mr. White, who resides 
at Manchester, O. J. M. Freeman, Samuel 
White, and John Sparks, Sr., have been the 
wagon makers, of whom Mr. Sparks is still 
alive and living here, and Mr. White living at 
Manchester, O. ]\Ir. Freeman died a few years 
ago. All these shops had a good run of business 
— wagons, plows, single and double-trees being 
shipped from here to the South. ]Many of the 
wagons — timber wheels — for the South, had 
only two wheels, 10 or 12 feet in diameter, with 
an iron screw through the axle to raise logs up 
from the ground while hauling. The tongue of 
these wagons was crooked so as to come down 
to the level of the team to be attached. 

"In the early part of this centurj^ Mrs. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 83 

Camming, a widow with seven sons, came to 
this connty and located on the farm now known 
as the Bedford farm. They bought the land 
just below Stout's Run, at the foot of Brush 
Creek Island, down to Sycamore Creek. At the 
foot of this island they had a horse mill, and also 
a mill built on two flatboats with a water wheel 
between them, so that the current of the river 
ran the mill. 

"The horse mill on the bank was later turned 
into a steam mill. At this mill lumber was sawed 
to build several flatboats and the steamboats 
'John Hancock,' 'Clendel,' 'Lady Byron,' and 
'Elk.' They also had a flour and saw mill just 
above the mouth of Sycamore Creek. At this 
mill George Dozier went crazy over trying to 
produce a perpetual motion machine. One of 
the buhrs used in this mill is now in front of 
Burns' residence in the village. William Cum- 
mins was the first man to command a steam- 
boat between Cincinnati, O., and Charleston, 
W. Va. He married Eliza Myers, on Februarj^ 
1, 1827. His widow and two daughters, now 
in Newport, Ky., still survive him. He owned 
about three hundred acres of land, known as 
'the Cummin's tract,' and about thirty slaves 
at one time. 

"Some Short Items of Interest About Con- 
cord. — At Cummin's mill, near Sycamore, Jack 

84 History of Lewis County^ Kentucky 

Stevenson built a 'horse-boat' to run from 
Maj'sville to the mouth of Great Kanawha. 

"In 1859 Jack Parker killed Solomon Dil- 
linger with a skiff oar. 

"John Calvin was shot and killed in Parkers' 
Hollow in 1861. 

"Wilson Phipps shot and killed Pleasant 
Stricklett in 1874. 

"Aunt Polly Stevenson burned to death in 
a fire. 

"John T. Wood gored to death b}^ a bull in 

"Some time in the '40's Ezekiel Berriman 
had a carding mill here, run by horse power. 

"Buck Fegeans was killed in the saw mill 
here in 1855. 

"Edward Stevenson was first magistrate; 
Larkin J. Proctor, first attorney; David Mum- 
ford, first hotel and bar-room; King D. McClain, 
first brickyard — all the brick houses now in 
Concord got the brick at this yard; Dr. Lindley, 
first physician; John Lovel, first cabinet maker; 
Samuel Stevenson, first merchant and post- 
master; Martin Bliss, first tailor; Thomas Brown, 
first regular ferryman. Mr. Brown also built 
barges and flatboats. His two sons, Hon. 
Paris C. (dead) and August W. Brown, are now 
in business in Cincinnati. 

"J. P. Hendrickson was the first cooper, and 
John Tavlor had the first wharf boat. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 85 

"In ye olden time, and up to 1870, perhaps, 
large balls were given, where the brave lads and 
fair lassies would trip the light fantastic toe 
after the music of Roch. Robb and the Mitchell 
brothers until the wee sma' hours. 

"In December, 1845, the steamboats "Del- 
arck' and 'Martha' collided in front of Con- 
cord, and both boats were a total loss. A few 
weeks after, in January, 1846, the 'Raleigh' 
run into the 'Lawrence,' just below town, and 
both boats sank in very shallow water. Two 
of these boats were laden with flour. 

"In the town to-day there is a lodge of 
Free Masons and a lodge of Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows; both have good halls for their 
meetings, and each have a large number of 

"Concord and vicinity sent many brave 
boys to the war in 1861; some wore the blue 
and some — a few — wore the gray. Many re- 
turned to their homes after the war. Some were 
killed or died in the service. Dr. Cartmell, 
now of Maysville, Ky., was a physician here 
in 1830-40, and w^as a surgeon in the 16th 
Regiment Kentucky Volunteers, a company of 
which came from Lewis County. Cartmell was 
succeeded as physician in Concord by Dr. M. H. 
Burns, in 184"^, who practiced his profession 
here until October, 1864, when he died suddenly 
of apoplexy. At the time of his death he held 

86 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

the second highest office in the Grand Masonic 
Lodge in the State. Dr. L. A. Grimes and 
Dr. W. H. Campbell located here after the 
death of Dr. Burns. Dr. Grimes is still living 
}iere. Dr. Campbell moved to Vanceburg 
several years ago. Dr. \Y. L. Day is also a 
resident physician here, and at this time both 
these physicians have a good practice. Hon. 
K. B. Lovel, born and reared here, was at one 
time a merchant and saw mill owner in the 
village, and later sheriff of Lewis County for 
two terms, and once State Senator, representing 
Lewis and Mason Counties in the Kentucky 
Legislature. Mr. Lovel is now in business in 
Maysville and enjoys a flourishing trade. 

"The following are the remaining business 
men and places of Concord: 

"W. H. Currin, hotel proprietor and organ 
and piano dealer; A. A. Shenhurst and Son, 
general merchants; McCone & Parker, general 
merchandise; W. W. Secrest and Son, general 
store and post-office; O. D. Carr, general store; 
C. A. Taylor, grist mill; A. A. Taylor, grist mill; 
John Sparks, blacksmith; McClain & Blyew, 
dealers in logs, railroad ties, and posts; Burns, 
wharf master; one two-room schoolhouse." 

Chapter II 

County Organization: Act Relating To — First 
County Seat — First Court — Removal Of County 
Seat to Clarksburg — Rival Towns — Removal" 
TO Vanceburg — Conveniences and Inconven- 
iences Arising Therefrom — Change of County 
Offices — The Infirmary — Growth of Vance- 
burg — Wise Heads Who Bought Property at 
THE Right Time — Present Condition of the 
City — Its Hopes for the Future. 

Act Organizing Lewis County: — Be it re- 
membered that in pursuance of an Act of the 
General Assemblj^ of the Commonwealth of 
Kentucky, passed on the second daj^ of De- 
cember in the year of our Lord one thousand 
eight hundred and six, and in the fifteenth 
year of the said Commonwealth; and an Act 
supplementary thereto passed on the twenty- 
seventh day of the same month, for the division 
of the county of Mason and establishing a new 
county called and known by the name of Lewis: 
George Fearis, Aaron Stratton, Aaron Owings, 
John G. McDowell, John Stephenson, Landon 
Calvert, George Brown, Hugh Hannah, and 
John Dyal met at the house of Oke Hendrickson 
in the said county, on Monday, the twenty- 


88 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

seventh day of April, one thousand eight 
hundred and seven, and each produced Commis- 
sion from his Excellency, Christopher Greenup, 
Esquire, Governor of Kentucky, appointing 
them justices of the peace in and for the said 
County of Lewis, with all the rights and privi- 
leges thereto pertaining. 

Whereupon Aaron Stratton, Esq., produced 
a certificate from under the hand of John G. 
McDowell, a justice of the peace for said county 
— who had himself been previously qualified as 
such before Benj. Bajdes, Esq., a justice of the 
peace for the County of Mason — of his having 
taken as well the oath to support the Consti- 
tution of the United States as the oath prescribed 
by the Constitution of Kentucky. S. Plummer 
Thomas produced his commission as sheriff 
in the same court. "And therefore a County 
Court was begun and held for the said County 
of Lewis." 

The first act of the court w^as to appoint 
Walker Reid as clerk for said court. 

The following attorneys were also admitted 
to the Lewis County Bar: 

Thos. Dougherty, Aaron Beatty, Wm. P. 
Fleming, John D. Stockton, Marshall Key, 
John Miller, and John G. Heath. 

John G. Heath was appointed common- 
wealth attorney for the county. 

fe rtPn _'-« o^' 


History of Lewis County, Kentucky 91 

Lewis County was made from a part of 
Mason, and was organized April 27, 1807. Its 
first county seat was at Poplar Flat, and its 
first court was held at the house of Oke Hendrick- 
son by the following magistrates: Landen 
Calvert, George Fearis, Aaron Stratton, John G. 
McDowell, George Brown, Hugh Hannah, John 
Doyle, and John Stephenson. We have found 
the record of this court, and therefore give 
further on some of the causes considered by it. 

The first sheriff was Plummer Thomas; 
county clerk, Walker Reid; county attorney, 
John Heath; coroner, Samuel Cox. The repre- 
sentatives of these families are still among the 
best citizens of the county. We note the family 
of the late Lewis Calvert, near Clarksburg; the 
Fearis family, at Fearis P. O., on East Fork of 
Cabin Creek; Mr. Robert Stratton, deceased, on 
Spy Run; Thomas and David Hannah, of Quick's 
Run; D. M. Doyle, of Carr's Landing; Thomas 
and Plummer Thomas, of Kinny, and Dick 
Thomas, of Kirk Springs; Zachariah Heath and 
his son Erastus Heath, formerly of Vanceburg; 
W. H. Cox, late of Concord, are all descendants 
from that list of first county officers, besides 
a generation of younger people more remotely 
connected with them who still reside in the 

First Court, April, 1807. — Each of the jus- 

92 History of Lewis Couniy, Kentuchy 

tices showed his commission from Governor 
Christopher Greenup, as also did Plummer 
Thomas, as sheriff, according to the Constitu- 
tion of 1799. The record says, "Whereupon a 
Count}'' Court was begun and held for Lewis 
County." It is styled in the record book "The 
April Court of 1807." This record book is in 
good state of preservation in the countj^ clerk's 
office in Lewis County. The corners of its 
cover are protected hy "buckskin," and it is 
well bound, but has no lines ruled in the paper. 
It shows the evidences of the "goosequill pen" 
of that day. It has a home-made index, which 
is w^ell executed. The first order appoints 
Walker Reid as clerk. He produced his certifi- 
cate from the Court of Appeals, which the 
Constitution required, before his appointment. 
He gave bond in the sum of one thousand dollars 
for the discharge of his duties. His bond was 
attested by George Fearis, presiding justice — 
there was no county judge under that Consti- 
tution — the magistrate oldest in commission, 
present, presided at any court. The second 
order was "That Samuel Cox and Jonathan 
Kenyon be recommended to the governor for 
surveyor of the county." 

The following constables were appointed: 
Geo. N. Davis, Murdock Cooper, James Mc- 
Clain, Elijah T. Davis, and Baldwin Bane. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 95 

John G. Heath was appointed commonwealth 

The following road reviewers were appointed 
and all reported at the next term of court: Wil- 
liam George Wilson, Thomas ^Nlcllvain, Robt. 
Robb, and Wni. Kennard for the road from 
Lewis to Mason County. 

Elijah T. Davis, James Martin, William 
Sutherlain, and Robt. Voiers, from Sutherlain's, 
on Quick's Run, to the Ohio River, passing by 
Catt's and Cumming's mills. 

Robert Taylor, William Watkins, Daniel 
Hendrickson, and Daniel Swearingin from Swear- 
ingin's mill, on Cabin Creek, to Salt Lick Road 
where it crosses to Williamsburg (now Orange- 

Hugh Hannah, Thomas Collins, Henry 
Smith, and Joseph Donovan for the road from 
Salt Lick to Oharrow's mill. 

William Harper, James Wilson, Landen 
Calvert, and John McDaniel for the road from 
Gunpowder Gap to intersect Salt Lick Road 
below McDaniel's. 

Samuel Cox produced his commission from 
the governor as coroner for Lewis County. 

Aaron Stratton and George Fearis were au- 
thorized by the governor to "celebrate" the 
rights of matrimony. 

John McDowell was licensed to ferry from 

96 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Yancebiirg to the Ohio shore, etc., "according 
to law." John Stevenson also established a 
ferry from the mouth of Sjxamore (Concord) 
to the Ohio shore. 

Oke Hendrickson, of Poplar Flat, where the 
court was held, was granted tavern license. 

The May term was held at the same place, 
and gives the following restrictions to tavern 
keepers as to charges: 


"For Warm breakfast 25 cents 

" Cold " 17 " 

Warm dinner 25 

" Cold " 17 " 

Warm supper 25 

" Cold " 17 " 

" Oats or corn by the gallon 8 

" Hay, blades, and stableage for 24 hours.. .25 
" Pasturage for 24 hours 8 

Lodging in clean sheets 8 

" French brandy per half pint 373/2" 

Madeira wine " " " 50 

" Any other kind of wine per half pint 373^2" 

Peach brandy " " " 12}^" 

" Whisky " " " 123^" 

Cider, Roj'al, per quart 17 

" Cider " " 123/^" 

" For Holland gin per half pint 25 

The last will and testament of James Savage 
was admitted to probate. May term, 1807. At 
the same term William Cordingly was "natural- 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 97 

ized" as a citizen of the United States and of 
Kentuck3^ His grandsons, John and Frank 
Cordingly, still live on "Kinny." 

The report of David Ballenger, Cornelius 
Hall, and William Fleming, commissioners ap- 
pointed by the act forming Lewis County, 
gives the following place and boundaries for a 
seat of justice for Lewis County: "Beginning 
at a beech tree marked W. F. D. B. C. H., 
standing on the bank of the Ohio River, north 
Q5 west 38 poles from the mouth of Quick's Run; 
north Qo west to a dogwood, marked as before; 
thence south 25 west 20 poles to a beech tree, 
also marked as before; thence south Q5 east 12 
poles to a beech sapling, marked with the same 
letters; and from thence to the beginning, con- 
taining the quantity of one acre and eighty 
poles." There is a plat of this survey and 
rates explaining it in the order book. 

The court then appoints some road over- 
seers and allots hands, each of whom is named 
on the order, except in one instance, where 
there seems to be a numerous family of the 
same name, and then the order says "all the 

The minutes are signed by George Fearis 
as presiding justice, with a skill in penmanship 
hard to equal in these later days of educational 
advancement — this signing was done by the 


98 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

clerk. The June term appoints the officers of 
the next general election, as follows: 

John Dyal and Aaron Stratton, judges in 
Salt Lick precinct, and Jonathan Kenyon, clerk; 
Ohio precinct, George Fearis and George Brown, 
judges, and Walker Reid, clerk. There seems 
to have been only these two precincts, but the 
elections were held for three days, so that 
everybody might have a chance to vote. The 
only persons voted for at that time were rep- 
resentatives, senators, and governor and lieu- 
tenant governor. Magistrates, coroners, sher- 
iffs, and other county officers were appointed 
by the governor on the recommendation of 
the .magistrates. 

In order to weave into our history the names 
of those people living in the county, and to 
show their locality therein, we give the record 
of the court in regard to road overseers and 
allotment of hands, who are usually named. 
On the East Fork and main Cabin Creek Road 
the names of James Barkley, overseer, and 
Samuel Cox, David Peters, Humphrey Bell, 
John Archard, Robt. Robb, William Robb, John 
Brownfield, Thos. Mcllvain, William Murplw, 
John Murphy, Robert and Jack Roberts, Neal 
and John Wallingford as hands appear. As 
this road extended from East Fork to main 
Cabin Creek, we know^ that these people lived 
in that section of the county. 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 101 

On the road from Wilson's Ferry — that is, 
Wilson's Bottom — to East Fork of Cabin Creek 
we have John Boyd, overseer, "all the Hilter- 
brands," the Pitts's, the Looneys, James Vande- 
graft. Widow Wilson's hands, Samuel Wilson, 
William George Wilson as hands enumerated 
by the court. 

On Cabin Creek, below Swearingin's mill, 
were William Graham, David Fenwick, George 
Brown, Edward Chaney "and his own and 
John Swearingin's hands." On the road above 
the forks of Quick's Run at Widow Davis', 
Richard Elson is overseer, "and all the hands 
above the forks." On the road from Sycamore 
to Salt Lick — up the river — the following land- 
holders are mentioned by the viewers of the 
road: John Stephenson, Samuel Cummins, Re- 
becca Cummins, William Aills, Rebecca x\ills, 
John Aills, Graham Bedinger, and Alexander K. 
Marshall, the last at mouth of Salt Lick, and 
the others in order of their lands from Concord 
up to Vanceburg. 

In order to show what the Lewis County 
people were doing in those days before the War 
of 1812, and to find the succession in office, we 
follow the County and Circuit Courts still further 
by their record. In the June term of the County 
Court, held at Oke Hendrickson's home on 
Poplar Flat, Samuel Cox presented his commis- 

102 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

sion as surveyor, and took the oath, gave bond, 
etc., and became the surveyor of Lewis County. 

In October the county levy was laid at $1.75 
on 506 tithes (polls), and amounts to $775.50. 
The whole county expenses, including the sur- 
veying of the county line, the election, and the 
commissioners to fix a place for a county seat, 
amounted to only $175.70, leaving a balance 
in the hands of the sheriff of $709.80. 

At the December term it developed that 
James McPike had objected to a road through 
his land, and a jury had fixed his damage at 
$13. The court decided that to be "enormous," 
and finally, to get the road, the following gen- 
tlemen decided to pay it themselves: 

G. N. Davis $1.50 

Landen Calvert 4.50 

William Harper 2.50 

John McDaniel 1.50 

Plummer Thomas 1.50 

Walker Reid 50 

Total $13.00 

William Roper appears as an attorney in the 
Lewis Circuit Court, and is allowed $66.66 for 
prosecuting the pleas of the Commonwealth in 
the Lewis Circuit Court. His order was made 
on the sheriff of Lewis County. 

William P. Fleming's claim against the 

Methodist Episcopal Church, \'anceburg. 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 105 

county as attornej^ since its organization till 
January, 1808, was only $28,123^. 

Court of January, 1808. — Anna McKenzie 
was appointed guardian of Thomas, Anna, 
Sally, x\lexander S., and Hannah H. McKenzie, 
her children, and orphans of Alexander Mc- 
Kenzie, deceased. 

"Ordered that John Dyal be appointed com- 
missioner assessor of the revenue tax for the 
year 1808." Bond of two thousand dollars was 
given, with John Stephenson as security. 

Elizabeth Harrison was released from tax 
for the future on her negro man named "Peter." 

David Gooding was appointed constable. 

It appears to have been the duty of the 
sheriff to collect taxes, as we find a record of 
Plummer Thomas coming into this court and 
"taking upon himself" the collecting of the 
revenue and county levy, and of his then and 
there giving a bond of ten thousand dollars for 
the revenue and fourteen hundred dollars for 
the levy. 

We find the Stricklett familj^ mentioned in 
this court — one, Peter Stricklett, being old and 
infirm, was released of county levy. 

In the militia of the State, Lewis County 
was represented by the 69th Regiment, and 
Thos. Parker was commissioned by the governor 
as paymaster of that regiment. 

106 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

The death of John Thompson is noted in 
this court. 

James Rowhmd was appointed road over- 
seer some phice in the Tolleboro neighborhood, 
with Joseph and James Fitch, John Sahsberry, 
Peter Giddyns, and Lewis Giddyns as hands 
allotted; and \Ym. Carr connected with him as 
overseer from North Fork of Licking on the 
Fleming Road. 

When a case Avas appealed from a magis- 
trate's court to the County Court, the appellant 
became subject for costs, and had to pay up 
if it was continued. We note that in one case 
it was ordered that Jonathan Ruggles pay 
Mathew Burris "two shillings and one penny" 
for one day's attendance as witness. In fact, 
that was the price fixed when no mileage was 

In a case of perjury of which Ally Alexander 
was charged on account of her having sworn 
that she saw somebody carrying one of her 
father's hogs on a "dutch mare," the evidence 
was about such as is rendered in a present day 
court, and Miss Ally was discharged. This 
case is found in the March term, 1808, and came 
from Quick's Run. 

The Legislature passed another law on the 
subject of Lewis County's seat of justice, and 
appointed the magistrates to fix a place. They 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 107 

fixed upon a plat of land given by Oke Hendrick- 
son at Poplar Flat, and ordered a jail built 
there. Then Mr. Hendrickson deeded fifty 
acres of land, in trust to trustees, on which to 
build a town to be called "Mt. Vernon." The 
jail contract was given to Henry Miers and 
Adam Tegar at $650. They finally finished the 
jail, and sued the sheriff for the money; but he 
beat them, and they were given another order 
on a new^ sheriff by the court, and got their 
money. James Herbert was appointed jailer, 
and everything would have been all right this 
time, and Poplar Flat w^ould have been the 
metropolis, had not John McBride thought there 
w^as some other place that suited better, and he 
brought a suit by his attorney, Marshall Key, 
and stopped the proceedings in "Mt. Vernon's" 

In the meantime George Fearis, the pre- 
siding magistrate, had been made sheriff and 
John McDaniel, because of the death of Landen 
Calvert, had been commissioned justice of the 
peace, as also had Archibald Boyd, on account 
of the promotion of George Fearis, the election 
had passed and the county lev}^ for the second 
year of Lewis County's existence had been 
laid at $1.25 and amounted to $727.50. Taxes 
to the amount of $17.44 had been collected by 
the clerk, making a total credit to the county 

108 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

of $744.94, from which the expenses, $206. 15>^, 
is deducted, leaving $538,783/^ still to the credit 
side of the ledger. But this brings us up to the 
time when the next move was made at fixing 
the seat of justice. 

It will be observed that the mouth of 
Quick's Run had been selected and abandoned 
for Poplar Flat, and now that "Mt. Vernon" 
had failed, the Legislature, by act of January 
28, 1809, appointed Thomas Sloan, John Harri- 
son, Jesse Hard, of Mason; Robt. Morrison, Jas. 
Reed, of Fleming; Thomas Warring and Charles 
Lewis, of Greenup County, commissioners to 
attend to the matter. They selected Clarks- 
burg as the county seat, where it remained till 
January, 1864. (See Act, Chap. 3.) But the 
people of the county did not quit living now 
the court ceased to meet because the seat of 
justice had left Poplar Flat. 

In October, 1808, commissioners had laid off 
two acres of land at Concord for the purpose 
of building a warehouse to inspect "hemp, 
tobacco, and flour," and thus, it seems, Mr. 
Stephenson, who owned the land and ware- 
house, started Concord on the road toward be- 
coming a town. 

In a settlement made with the sheriff, it 
was found that he still owed the county $408.02 
for the vear 1808. 

l'i<i,-.ia ii.m \N (hircii, Vanceburg. 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 111 

The record of the court shows cases of felony, 
larceny, bastard}^ murder, etc., but none of 
the accused are convicted of being guilty, ex- 
cept one case of a Miss Catt, charged with mur- 
dering an infant; she was bound for her appear- 
ance at the Circuit Court. 

Court of 1809. —Rowland T. Parker built the 
new jail at Clarksburg, and also gave land for 
the county seat and the town of Clarksburg. 
He kept a hotel, and gave one room for a clerk's 
office, "free of charge." 

In the May term— May 22, 1809— Mr. 
Parker w^as granted tavern license, and at the 
June term Aaron Stratton, J. G. McDaniel, and 
Winslow Parker, as commissioners, fixed upon a 
place for the jail and also plans for building a 
court house, which was to be of "hewn logs, 
two good stories high," and 24 x 30 feet — which 
was done. 

We have traced the history of the county up 
to the removal of the county seat to Clarks- 
burg. Giving the succession of offices and 
officers; how they obtained them, and also how 
justice was meted out to the citizens of the 
county by concrete examples. We have the 
court, at Clarksburg, in the June term of 1809, 
commissioning Aaron Stratton, J. G. McDaniel, 
and Winslow Parker to fix upon a place for 
the jail and to lay plans for a two-story log 

112 History of Lewis County, Kentuchj 

court-house, to be 14 x 30 feet in size. This was 

We now refer you to Chapter 4 for the suc- 
cession in office of those hardy pioneers who 
have run so ably and well thus far, and w'ho 
give to their successors examples of sobriety, 
veracity, and loyalty to their county that will 
call forth their best efforts to emulate. 

We pass over a few years, as Chapter Four 
is helping us out, and dwell only on incidents of 
rivalry between the two thriving towns — Clarks- 
burg and Vanceburg — until we see the times 
nearly approaching when Clarksburg will lose 
in the struggle and Vanceburg will win. 

I have no doubt in my mind but that the 
experiences incident to the times intervening 
between the settlement of the county seat, at 
Clarksburg, and its change to Vanceburg at a 
later date (1864), was fraught with large interest 
to many men. There is always more or less of 
interest, financially and otherwise, in a small 
tow^n just coming into prominence; but when 
that town is favored so generously as to become 
the county seat it becomes a rival to others 
and possibly more pleasantly and conveniently 
located towns. So it was with Vanceburg. She 
had the advantage of location, and naturally 
began a campaign for herself. 

There was much in favor of Vanceburg, and 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 113 

each point was given due prominence, I have 
no doubt. So the rivahy went on until the 
chances for a change, in the county seat, in 
favor of Vanceburg, became more of a cer- 
tainty. Then property began to advance in 
price; buildings began to improve, and merchants 
to advertise more extensively until that all-suc- 
cessful December in 1863, when the decision 
for a change became a fact. Then there was, 
indeed, rejoicing, not over the loss Clarksburg 
sustained, but the gain Vanceburg had made. 
One good thing, in the change of place, was 
that all having interest in Clarksburg were not 
so far away but that they could transfer their 
business with but little cost, comparatively 
speaking. Fortunate, indeed, were those who 
had teams of their own. They soon were able 
to make the transfer and also to help their less 
fortunate neighbor. Some did not desire to 
move, and as a result are, or their descendants, 
living on the old town and court-house site, 
dwelling in peace and plenty. 

Removal to Vanceburg. — In December, 
1863, the Legislature passed an act for the 
removal to Vanceburg, and appointed John 
Thomas Parker, F. M. Carr, and W. R. Strick- 
lett as commissioners to attend to the matter. 
In January, 1864, the removal of the offices 
actually took place, and the archives of the 

114 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

county were plaeed in the Old City Hall, on 
Main Street. 

Then came the rush of attorneys, court 
attaches, fortune hunters, and adventurers, and 
Vanceburg rapidly rose from an old meadow, 
surrounded by a swamp, to an incoprorate city, 
with streets, alleys, hotels, bar-rooms, business 
houses, all accompanied with the vim, vigor, and 
enterprise of that war period, and always the 
accompaniment of an inflation of currency. 
Besides, at this time the Legislature was char- 
tering oil companies by the hundred, and this 
vicinity was not without its part in that great 
excitement and money-spreading carnival. 

The removal to new quarters was a source 
of trouble and worry to the officers and at- 
torneys, as the records had to find new places 
of deposit and the change was uncustomary 
and unhandy, besides the amount of labor it 
required to handle, sort, and arrange the various 
books and papers connected with the county 
and circuit clerk's offices. The want of suit- 
able places for the deposit of all this accumula- 
tion of years was keenly felt, and could only be 
remedied by the building of a new court-house 
with proper apartments for the various court 
records and for the accommodation of the offi- 
cers. But this was to be speedily done, for an- 
other act was passed by the Legislature — Jan- 

Christian Church, Vanceburg. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 117 

nary 30, 1864 — empowering the county to issue 
bonds and levy taxes for the purpose of build- 
ing the new court-house. F. M. Carr, John 
Thomas Parker, and John C. Ingrim were ap- 
pointed by the act as commissioners to let out 
the contract to build the house. They were 
also given power to sell the material in the old 
public buildings at Clarksburg, or to convey 
suitable parts of it for use in the construction 
of the new building. 

The contract was given to a Mr. Flora, of 
Bracken County, and the buildings were fin- 
ished in 1865 at a cost of $25,000. It can be 
said to the credit of the commissioners, the 
contractors, and the county that they antici- 
pated the future growing needs of the county, 
and built a court-house adequate in dimensions 
for the increasing business of the years to come. 
They also gave a structure which for solidity 
and quality of material is not surpassed by any 
mountain county in Kentucky. For architec- 
tural design and adaptability to the purpose 
for which it is used it is not surpassed by many 
of the wealthy counties of the State. 

It seems that there was one undesirable in- 
stitution belonging to the county which had 
never been removed from Poplar Flat — that 
was the county infirmary. It remained there 
until about 1879, and also remained a source 

118 History of Lewis Couniy, Kentucky 

of distribution of revenue far beyond any good 
derived from it. In 1880 it Avas removed to 
the farm of Colonel G. W. Bruce, on "Kinny," 
which the County Court had purchased of him, 
and also made him keeper of the inmates. The 
inaccessibility of the situation, and other causes, 
made a reversal of contract necessary, and 
another appropriation of the people's money 
became necessary to the proper maintenance 
of the "unfortunates." As applications for ad- 
mission to the "poorhouse" had to be passed 
upon by the county judge, it was thought best 
to plant the institution near the county seat. 
Therefore, a deal was made Avith David Seaman 
for his farm on Salt Lick, lying within a short 
distance of Vanceburg. The county retained 
<iontrol of the farm, furnished its teams, seed, 
implements, and provisions, and appointed com- 
missioners from the magistrates to see to its 
management. They also appointed a "keeper" 
and paid him a monthly salary to superintend 
and work such of the inmates as were able to 

Under this system, it has been found, from 
report of R. H. Fisher, commissioner, that the 
products of the farm almost support the in- 
mates, and gives them a better living than many 
of the poor people of the county make for them- 
selves on the outside. 

Riverside Seminary. 

History of Leiois County, Kentucky 121 

There was only one part of the old regime 
that still stuck to the management of the poor 
which was still detrimental to the interests of 
the taxpayer, and that was the habit of the 
magistrates in granting aid to poor people out- 
side of the infirmary; but, happily, that has 
come to an end. We append the order of Judge 
Hillis in regard to this matter, of date February 
17, 1896. 


"Section 3,931 provides that the county judge 
shall have the power to order a poor person (or persons) 
to be taken to the poor house, and to cause medical 
aid to be employed at the public expense for such poor 
of the county, when admitted, as he may deem proper. 
The practice of the judge, ordering the doctors to wait 
on persons outside the infirmary has, like the allowances 
made heretofore, increased to such an extent as to 
amount to hundreds of dollars, and Judge Hillis is sus- 
tained by not only the county attorney, but all law- 
yers, in his position that these allowances are wholly 
unwarranted by law, and that any taxpayer could ap- 
peal them and permanently enjoin the payment. Our 
officials are certainly correct and right in discontinuing 
these practices, as they are amounting to thousands of 
dollars and fast absorbing the county's fund. The 
change may make a hardship for a while as to some 
extreme cases, but when the doctors fully understand 
the situation they will no doubt cheerfully aid our 
taxpayers in bearing the light burden of aiding and 
assisting the worthy poor of our county. No more 

122 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

orders will be made, except after admittance to the 
infirmary, on and after the first day of December, 1895. 
Now let the doctors and people take due notice and gov- 
ern themselves accordingly." 

In order that it may be known to what ex- 
tent this practice had grown before the above 
order was promulgated, we append the pubhshed 
allowances made by the Lewis County Court, 
principally for aid outside, made at the session 
of April, 1894: 

Medical Aid $453.75 

Merchandise 1,007.37 

Coffins 46.00 

Transportat''on and care 52.72 

Total $1,559.84 

It is probable that of the merchandise item 
$600 worth was furnished to the infirmary 
proper, and $172.75 were fees of the physicians 
at the infirmary; but this still leaves $787.09 
expended on the outside, that Judge Hillis has 
thought it his duty to have a decision of the 
courts against this leak in the county treasury. 

Groavth of Vaxceburg. — With the com- 
pletion of the new public buildings in January, 
1861, the city of Vanceburg began to grow with 
amazing rapidity. Men of wealth saw an op- 
portunity for speculation in town lots, and, in 
fact, there seemed to be a sort of general exodus 

Methodist Episcopal Church, South, Vanceburg. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 125 

from the surrounding countrj^ to the city; and 
as money was plenty and the oil excitement 
raging, quite a number of citizens concluded 
that raising corn and hogs was a process too 
slow in getting rich. None of them made a 
million, and many of them, launching into 
some business they did not understand, and 
meeting a counteracting current after the war, 
closed, went down in the general wreck that 
follows most town booms. 

A few men with means to "stay on," and a 
knowledge of the meaning of the phrase "terra 
firma," put their money into town lots, and 
then aided enterprises, such as turnpikes, that 
help build up a town, and have been rewarded 
by the accumulation of wealth by others as 
well as by themselves. Among those who have 
built houses and aided in upbuilding the city, 
may be mentioned Joshua B. Fitch, Judge G. M. 
Thomas, L. B. Ruggles, Socrates Ruggles, 
Henry C. Bruce. W. C. Halbert, Wm. and Mart 
Plummer, Wm. and Thos. Stricklett, G. W. 
Stamper, John Cox, Thomas H. Carter, and 
Clark & Hammond. Many others have built 
splendid residences such as that of Senator 
S. J. Pugli's built by J. R. Pugh, and the home 
of Chas. Hammond, H. K. Cole, G. W. Stamper, 
G. T. Halbert, and W. B. Fisher, besides a lot 
of cottages built by Miss Mary Halbert; and, 

126 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

in fact, single residences too numerous to men- 
tion which now adorn the city and show the taste 
, of their owners and the architectural skill of 
the mechanic who put them together. Besides 
the private residences and business houses, 
lately there has been a church-building mania 
"on" in Vanceburg. The Methodist Episcopal 
Church was destroyed by fire several years ago, 
and that congregation turned itself loose and 
put up an edifice superior to any that then 
existed in the city. The contagion spread, and 
the Presbyterian congregation wanted a church, 
and they got up a model, though less in dimen- 
sions than that of their Methodist brethren, yet 
surpassing it in unique designs and finishing 
touches. Then the Christian Church, being a 
large congregation, began to plan for a new 
building. They soon found out the railroad 
trains made too much noise, and that their 
church was too close to the depot, so they pro- 
ceeded to build a house that would not only be 
a fine structure, but with several departments 
to accommodate any phase of the Church work 
they might undertake. Thomas Carter, dead 
lately, built a three-story hotel of brick, with 
finishing touches in Italian marble, and the 
Church members argued that if business can 
have such a house as that in Vanceburg, religion 
should have a place of worship equal to if not 

History of Leuns Coiiniy, Kentucky 127 

more beautiful than any. But space does not 
permit an enumeration of the various and 
single efforts at building which now make up 
this compact little city. But we must not fail 
to note the splendid school building, erected by 
Professor L. Rolf, as Riverside Seminary, in the 
east end of the city. This is a model school 
building, and evinces the acumen of its projector 
in the needs of a school. 

Vanceburg to-day has a railroad, the C. &. O., 
running the whole length of Third Street, and 
crossing over to Second, passes between it and 
Front through the remainder of the city. In 
the last few years the streets have all been graded 
and macadamized with limestone. The sewers 
and gutters have been completed, and solid stone 
and concrete pavements are laid on almost all 
the streets, beside a board and stone walk to 
South Vanceburg, almost a mile in length, has 
been in use several years. 

There are five church buildings, viz.: the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, South, the Presbyterian, the 
Christian, and the Heinsch Chapel Colored 
Methodist Church. 

The public school building and the build- 
ings of the Riverside Seminary are edifices that 
denote the intellectual vigor of the citizens, 
and, together with their effects, these buildings 

128 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

are a monument to education of which all 
Vanceburg citizens are proud. Beside these 
there is now open each year a county high school, 
under the efficient management of Professor 
C. S. Dale and two assistants. Also each year 
there is conducted a normal for the benefit 
of young men and women wishing to prepare 
for examinations. 

In the mercantile pursuits there are three 
drygoods stores — G. \Y. Stamper, S. J. Pugh 
& Co., and J. T. Ort; M. Marcus, gent's clothing; 
three drj^goods and grocery stores — E. G. Clark, 
and Hike, of South Vanceburg, and E. Heinisch; 
and six grocery stores — G, W. Stamper & Co., 
J. M. Donehoo & Co., J. L. Chad wick, John 
Cox, Bagby & Co., and D. Boyd, of South 
Vanceburg; and two hardware stores — N. G. 
Fisher & Son, and Ingram and Foster; one 
planing mill — John Cox & Son; one button 
factory — The Vanceburg Button Factory Co.; 
one canning factory — Vanceburg Canning Fac- 
tory; one tannery — A. J. Stein & Co.; one 
tobacco hogshead stave factory — W. W. Dugan 
& Co.; one ice and electric light plant combine 
— Vanceburg Electric Light and Ice Co.; two 
livery, feed, and sale stables — Sam'l Pollitt & 
Son, and Benjamin Stricklett; three blacksmith 

shops — William Grote, Huber & Co., ; 

three feed stores — Henderson and Stricklett, 

High School Building, Vanceburg. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 131 

Staggs Bros., and Captain Webb & Co.; three 
hotels — Carter House, St. Nicholas, and St. 
Charles; three millinery establishments — G. W. 
Stamper, Mrs. Powers, and M. Marcus; two fur- 
niture stores — John Cox & Son and G. W. 
Stamper; one printing office — The Vanceburg 
SiDi; one poultry commission house — H. A. 
Staly & Son; one telephone exchange — The 
Vanceburg Telephone Co. ; three barber shops — 
Hawthorne, Ham and Barnes; two drug stores 
— The Gem Pharmacy and Opera House Drug 
Store; one undertaker's establishment — Plummer 
Bros; one monumental works — The Vanceburg: 
Monumental Works Co. As these pages go to 
press there is being completed plans for a Loose 
Leaf Tobacco Warehouse, to be erected inside 
the city limits. 

Professional. — Four physicians and dentists; 
and three lawyers. One magistrate and county 
attorney and circuit judge and the county judge; 
the sheriff and circuit clerk; coroner and county 
surveyor. There are four resident ministers — 
two Methodist, one Presbj^terian, and one 
Disciples minister; eight teachers in the city 
schools, and the county superintendent of schools 
has his home and office here. 

The city has seemed to be able to pass 
through all the close, panicky times without 
serious damage. 

132 History of Lewis Connty, KentucJ^y 

Compared with other cities of hke dimensions 
(Vanceburg is a city of the fifth class) and 
wealth, Vanceburg seems to be in better condi- 
tion than many others. (For taxes, debts, offi- 
cers, etc., see table at end of this chapter.) 

This city has hitherto drawn its support from 
the timber resources of the adjacent countr3% but 
that supply is nearly exhausted, and other 
means must be found to continue the growth 
and prosperity of the city. One important 
industry started in the country near is fruit 
growing. The canning establishment now being 
operated in the city, which will be an impetus 
to that industry, already of no mean propor- 
tions, and will give spirit and enterprise to all 
kinds of business from the money it will dis- 

The County Fairground is located one mile 
south of Vanceburg— a cut of which is shown 
on page 135. 

Some Incidents of Note. — The land for the 
county buildings w^as donated by W. C. Hal- 
bert, Sr. Probably the first bonds issued by 
Lewis County were those issued by County 
Clerk Thos. W. Mitchell for the purpose of 
building the court-house, in 1864. There w^ere 
no stubs left of these bonds, and it is not certain 
just how many were issued, but it is known that 
the buildings cost $25,000. Bonds were a new 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 133 

sort of investment in Lewis County, and capital 
seemed a little chary of them; but Judge Thomas 
came forward and subscribed for $1,500 worth 
of them, and then afterward they went lively, 
for then, as now, people put confidence in the 
judgment of the judge in all financial transac- 

Joshua B. Fitch was the sheriff^ to whom was 
intrusted the collection of the additional levy 
to pay off this bonded debt. Socrates Holbrook, 
whose picture hangs in the court-house as a 
souvenir of kindly remembrance by Lewis 
County people, was county judge at this event- 
ful period in our county's history. 

W. C. Halbert, Sr., who donated the land 
for the buildings, was county attorney, and to 
him the people are indebted for the decent public 
buildings they now possess, and it may be said 
for the very existence of Vanceburg as any- 
thing more than a one-store town, with a hitch- 
ing rack and two good-sized mudholes; for it 
was to his indefatigable effort in securing a 
petition with the names of all the voters in the 
county and presenting the same to the Legis- 
lature that the act was passed to remove the 
county seat from Clarksburg to Vanceburg. 
Just think of Clarksburg as a county seat after 
a railroad was built along the river, and see 
how Lewis County was helped to the front by 

134 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

the removal in 1864. In fact, the act of Judge 
Thomas in subscribing for bonds, the push and 
vim of Mr. Halbert, and the industry, energy, 
and honesty with which the county officials, as 
a body, did their whole duty, brought Lewis 
County to the front, and made the county town 
equal to those more wealthy districts of the 

Chapter III 

Legislative Acts In Favor of the County. 

Acts of 1808: An Act establishing academies 
in the Counties of Lewis and Clay. ^ 

First. — Be it enacted by the General Assembly 
that Winslow Parker, Robert Robb, Aaron 
Stratton, William Walker, John Radford, James 
Barclay, and Rowland Thomas, gentlemen shall 
be, and are hereby constituted a body politic 
and corporate, to be known bj^ the name of the 
trustees of the Lewis Academy, and by that 
name shall have perpetual succession and a 
common seal, wdth power to change or alter the 
same at their pleasure; and as a body corporate, 
shall be authorized to exercise all the powers and 
privileges that are now enjoyed by the trustees 
of any academy or seminary of learning within 
this State; and, on the death, resignation, or other 
disqualification of any of the trustees aforesaid, 
or their successors, a majority of the remaining 
trustees shall fill such vacancy, and the person 
so appointed shall be vested with the same 
power and authority as if specially named by 
this act; and the by name and style of the 
trustees of the Lewis Academy may sue and 


138 History of Leiois County, KentiicJiy 

implead, or be sued and impleaded in any 
court in law or equity, or before any tribunal 
having cognizance of the same. 

Second. — The said trustees and their suc- 
cessors shall have power in their corporate 
capacity to purchase, or receive by donation, 
any lands, tenements, inheritance, moneys, 
rents, goods, and chattels, and to hold same by 
the name aforesaid to them and their successors 
forever for the use of said Academy, and to 
sell, alien, or transfer any such lands, goods, 
and chattels and apply the proceeds thereof to 
the use and benefit thereof. 

Third. — The said trustees are entitled to 
locate, survey, and patent the quantity of six 
thousand acres of vacant land, on the terms 
and conditions prescribed in an act entitled, 
"An Act to establish and endow certain acade- 
mies," and the several acts amendatory thereto; 
and for that purpose, any contract with any 
person or persons, to locate and have the same 
surveyed, for which services they are authorized 
to give and convey to such person or persons a 
part of said lands, not exceeding two thousand 
acres, and may also dispose of one thousand 
acres for the purpose of erecting the necessary 
buildings and providing books and other ap- 
paratus for the use of the said academy. 

Fourth. — The person first named herein, or, 

History of Lewis Couniij, Kentucky 139 

in his absence or refusal to act, the next, shall 
notify the time and place for the first meeting 
of the trustees, and on an attendance of a 
majority thereof they shall appoint a chairman 
and clerk, who shall severally take on oath 
"well and truly to execute the duties of their 
office," and thereafter the board may be called 
by the chairman or any two of the trustees. 
The said trustees shall have power to adjourn 
from day to day, to make and ordain such 
laws, rules, and ordinances as they may deem 
proper, not inconsistent with the laws of this 
Commonwealth; and moreover, to fix on a 
proper place for erecting the buildings for the 
said acadenw. Provided, that a majority of 
all the trustees shall be necessary to attend on 
the making of any contract, by-laws, or fixing 
the permanent seat for the same. 

Fifth. — A majority of the said trustees shall 
have power to engage and employ a competent 
number of masters and professors to said acad- 
emy, to fix their salaries and the salary of their 
clerk, as also the terms of tuition; and, on the 
misconduct of any master, professor, or student, 
may dismiss or expel such master, professor, or 
student from the said academy. 

Acts of 1809: An Act allowing additional 
justices of the peace in certain counties. 

First. — The County of Lewis shall have one 

140 History of Lewis County, Kentud'y 

in addition to the number already allowed by 

An Act for fixing the permanent seat of 
justice of Lewis County. 

Whereas, it is represented to the present 
General Assembly that the seat of justice for 
Lewis County is improperly fixed; for remedy 

First. — Be it enacted by the General Assembly 
that Thomas Sloo, John Howison, and Jesse 
Hard, of Mason County; Robert Morrison, 
James Reed, of Fleming; Thomas Warring, Sr., 
and Charles Lewis, of Greenup, be and they are 
hereby appointed commissioners, or a majority 
of them, to fix upon and establish a place for 
the permanent seat of justice in said County 
of Lewis. 

Second. — Be it further enacted, that the 
said commissioners or majority of them, after 
having severally taken an oath before some 
justice of the peace for said county, that they 
will well and truly execute the trust confided 
by this act, without favor, affection, or partiality 
shall meet at the present place of holding court 
in said county, on the third Monday in March 
next, or any such day thereafter as may best 
suit, and having so assembled, shall proceed to 
view so much of the said county as in their opin- 
ion will be necessarj^ to form a correct knowledge 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 141 

of the probable population thereof, and such 
review being made, shall proceed to fix upon a 
place for a permanent seat of justice in said 
County of Lewis. 

Third. — And be it further enacted, that the 
said commissioners or majority of them, having 
so fixed upon a spot for such permnaent seat of 
justice, shall make out their report in writing, 
signed and sealed; therein laying off, by proper 
miles and bounds, one acre of land, designated 
for the establishment of public buildings; which 
report shall be returned to the next County 
Court of said county, to be entered on the record 

Fourth. — And be it further enacted, that the 
County Court of said county shall immediately 
thereafter proceed to contract by purchase, or 
otherwise, for said acre of land; as soon as 
may be, have the necessary public buildings 
erected thereon for the use of the county, which 
shall thereafter be the permanent seat of justice 
for said County of Lewis. 

Fifth. — And be it further enacted, that each 
of the commissioners attending under this act 
shall be entitled to two dollars per day for each 
day they may be employed in the execution 
thereof, to be levied and paid out of the next 
county levy of said county. 

Acts of 1809: An Act to alter the time of 
holding certain Circuit Courts. 

142 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

Section 6. — The Circuit Court of Lewis 
County shall commence and be held on the 
third Monday in March, in every year, instead 
of the fourth, and may, at such time, continue 
six judicial days, if the business thereof require 

Acts of 1810: An Act to alter the holding 
of the Lewis County Circuit Court. 

First. — Be it enacted by the General Assembly 
of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, Section 3, 
that the Circuit Court for the County of Lewis 
shall be held on the third Mondays in June 
and September instead of the fourth Mondays 
in July and October. And the County Courts 
for said county shall, after the first day of 
March next, be held on the same Mondays in 
every month, in which Circuit Courts are 
respectively directed to be held, except the 
months in w^hich the Circuit Courts are holden. 

There seems to be no acts in favor of Lewis 
County in the years of 1811-12. In 1813 we 
find an Act, approved January 8, 1814, author- 
izing one additional justice of the peace in Lewis 
County; also an Act approved January 30, 1812, 
changing the Circuit Courts to the fourth Mon- 
days of April, July, and October in each year, 
and the Countj^ Courts to the same days, except 
the months in which the Circuit Courts are held. 
(See Act of 1812, p. 55.) 

History of Lewis County, Keutucky 143 

Acts of 1814: There is an Act on page 292 
of the Acts of 1814 estabHshing an election pre- 
cinct in Lewis County. 

Acts of 1815: There were no Acts in favor 
of Lewis passed at this session, so far as can 
be determined from the record. 

Acts of 1816: We find an Act, approved 
February 4, 1817, changing the time of holding 
the Lewis Circuit Courts to the third Mondays 
in April, July, and October. (Acts of 1816, p. 

Acts of 1817: iVn Act to authorize the 
County Court of Lewis County to lay an ad- 
ditional levy. 

Whereas, it has been represented to the 
General Assembly of Kentucky that the jail in 
the County of Lewis w^as consumed by fire 
since the sitting of the last levy court in said 
county, and in consequence thereof the citizens 
of said county are subject to considerable in- 
convenience : For remedy thereof. Be it enacted, 
etc., that the County Court of Lewis County 
be, and is hereby authorized, at their next 
February court, to lay an additional levy and 
make an appropriation for the erection and 
building of a jail in said county, a majority of 
all the justices in commission for the county 
being present at said court. 

Acts of 1818: x\n Act to establish election 

144 History of Leicis County, Kentucky 

precincts, Section 3. Be it further enacted, 
that the place of holding the election in the 
first precinct in Lewis County be changed, and 
that hereafter the election in said precinct shall 
be held at the house of John D. Everitt. 

There seem to be no Acts in 1819-20-*21-*2''2. 

Acts of 18'23: An Act to declare "Kinni- 
connick," in part, a navigable stream. 

Whereas, it is represented to the present 
General Assembly that it would be of great ad- 
vantage to a portion of the citizens of Lewis 
County to declare Kinniconnick a navigable 
stream, so far up from its mouth as Jeremiah 
Moore's mill. 

Therefore, Be it enacted, etc., that from and 
after the passage of this Act the said stream, 
known bj^ the name aforesaid, in the said County 
of Lewas, shall be, and the same is hereby de- 
clared, a navigable stream from its junction with 
the Ohio River so far up as the mill of said 
Jeremiah Moore, and any person or persons 
who may be convicted of felling timber into 
said stream, or otherwise obstructing or in am^ 
way injuring the navigation thereof, from its 
said junction w^ith the Ohio River to the afore- 
said mill, shall be subject to all the pains and 
penalties now imposed by law for a like offense, 
in relation to any other navigable waters within 
the Commonwealth; Provided, however, that 

History of Leuns County, Kentucky 145 

rights of any person or persons now owning or 
possessing any mill, or other machinerj^ upon 
said stream shall not hereby be impaired or 

Acts of 1823: An Act to allow additional 
justices of the peace. 

Section 12. — That there be allowed to the 
County of Lewis one justice of the peace, in 
addition to the number now allowed by law, to 
reside on the waters of Kinniconnick Creek, 
in the neighborhood of Solomon Thomas. 

Acts of 1825: An Act to authorize the 
trustees of Lewis Academy to sell the lands 
belonging to that institution. 

The trustees are authorized to sell and con- 
vey the lands of the institution, and to take 
bond from any agents they may appoint to sell 
the land. (See Acts of 1825, p. 26.) 

Acts of 1826: Chapter 70 is an Act for the 
benefit of Margaret Alice Tracy, nee Norman, 
relieving her of marriage vows with Isaac Tracy, 
who was spending her fortune in Indiana. She 
had left him and started back to Lewis County, 
Ky., but he overtook her at Cincinnati and had 
her remaining property, by an order of court, 
vested in a trustee in said city; and she was 
unable to get it while she was legally his wife. 
For this reason she was granted divorce. 

Acts of 1827: Chapter 101. — "That town 


146 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

of Vanceburg in Lewis County shall be, and 
hereby is established, a town, by the name 
aforesaid; and that it shall be the duty of the 
County Court to appoint five trustees for said 
town as soon as practicable: the said trustees 
to meet at the house of R. T. Parker, in said 
town, and take the oath of office of trustee 
aforesaid, form a board, appoint a clerk, and 
cause a survey to be made in conformity to 
the original plan of said town," etc. This is 
the first legislative charter for Vanceburg, and 
was approved January 24, 1827. 

Acts of 1828: An Act to establish election 
precincts, etc. 

Section 4. — Be it further enacted, that all 
that part of the County of Lewis included and 
lying on the waters of Kinniconnick Creek, and 
between said creek and the Greenup County 
line, and including what is called Upper Kinni- 
connick, shall be an election precinct in said 
County of Lewis, and that the elections be held 
at the house now owned and occupied by 
William McEldowney, Esquire. 

Acts of 1829: An Act to change the time of 
holding Circuit Courts in certain counties. 

Section 3. — Be it further enacted, that the 
Circuit Court for the County of Lewis shall 
commence on the third Mondays in March, 
June, and September in each year, and sit, at 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 147 

each term, six judicial days, if the business 
thereof shall require it; and all writs, subpoenas, 
recognizances, attachments, or other process, 
which has been or may be made returnable to 
the next term of the Lewis Circuit Court, shall 
be returnable to the same at the time herein 
provided for its sitting. 

Acts of 1830: An Act to change time of 
holding Circuit Court, etc. 

Section 4. — Be it further enacted, that the 
Circuit Court for the County of Lewis shall 
hereafter sit on the fourth Mondays in the 
months of March, June, and September, and 
may sit six judicial days if the business requires 

Act Act for the benefit of Archibald Frizzell, 
coroner of Lewis County. 

Be it enacted, etc., that Archibald Frizzell, 
coroner of the County of Lewis, be, and he is 
hereby, allowed until the first day of April next 
to renew his official bond, which may be given 
at any time before said time; and any forfeiture, 
which may have taken place on account of 
failing to renew his bond aforesaid, is hereby 

Acts of 1831: An Act to change voting pre- 
cinct, etc. 

Section 2. — Be it further enacted, that the 
place of voting in the election precinct in Lewis 

148 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Countj^ " Kinniconnick " precinct be, and the 
same is hereby changed to the house of John 
Thompson; and it shall be the dutj^ of the 
Count}" Court of Lewis County to appoint 
judges and a clerk of the election, who shall 
meet at the house of the said John Thompson 
and conduct the elections according to the laws 
of this Commonwealth regulating elections. 

An Act to change the time of holding 
Circuit Court in Lewis County. 

Be it enacted, etc., that hereafter the Circuit 
Court for the Lewis Circuit shall commence on 
Wednesdays succeeding the fourth Mondays in 
March, June, and September; and that all 
process and bonds, or recognizances returnable 
to the March term of said court, and hereto- 
fore held, shall be taken and considered return- 
able to the time fixed by the Act for holding the 
said March term. 

Acts of 1832: An Act to change the time 
of holding Circuit Courts, etc. 

Be it enacted, etc., that the Lewis Circuit 
Court shall hereafter commence on the second 
Monday in April, the second Monday in June, 
and the second Monday in October, and con- 
tinue six judicial days, if the business thereof 
require it. 

An Act to change places of voting, etc. 

Section 1. — Be it enacted, etc., that the 

History of Leuns County, Kentucky 149 

place of voting in the election precinct called 
Everett's, in Lewis County, be changed from 
the house of John D. Everett to the town of 
Concord, and the same rules and regulations 
shall be observed in voting and comparing polls- 
as now directed by law. 

Sec. 2. — Be it further enacted, that the 
place of voting in Forman's Bottom precinct, 
in Lewis County, be changed from the house 
formerly" occupied by Green Smith to the house 
now occupied by William Marshall, and the 
same rules and regulations shall be observed in. 
voting and comparing polls as now directed by 
law governing election in this Commonwealth. 
(The session of 1832 passed an act authorizing 
the Legislature to meet on the last day of De- 
cember in each year.) 

Acts of 1833: There is a long Act passed 
by this Assembly relating to land warrants to 
be issued and laid on vacant land in the county 
for the purpose of improving the State Road 
from the North Fork of Licking, via Clarks- 
burg and Vanceburg, to the Greenup County 
line. For this purpose James Hannah, John 
McDaniel, and Pleasant M. Savage were ap- 
pointed commissioners. Also for the improve- 
ment of the road to Concord from Barton Lee's 
to the town of Concord. Joseph Cox and 
Samuel Stevenson were appointed commis- 

150 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

sioners for this work. One hundred and fifty 
dollars worth of land warrants to be issued for 
the Concord road and three hundred and fifty 
for the first-named road. The commissioners 
^vere prohibited from selling the warrants for 
iess than "Five dollars for one hundred acres." 

Acts of 1834: iVn Act allowing additional 

Section 1. — Be it enacted, etc., that there 
shall be allowed an additional justice of the 
peace to the County of Lewis. 

Note. — Justices were appointed by the gov- 
ernor until 1850, the Legislature authorizing a 
certain member to be appointed in each county, 
according to populations, etc. 

Acts of 1835: An x\ct to change the holding 
of the Greenup and Lewis Circuit Courts. 

Section 2. — Be it further enacted, that the 
Lewis Circuit Court shall hereafter commence 
on the first Mondays in April, July, and Oc- 
tober, and shall continue five judicial days if 
the business of the court require it. 

Acts of 1836: It was enacted by the Legis- 
lature of 1836 that Lewis Circuit Court be 
changed to last MondaA^s in March, June, and 

An Act to establish an election precinct, etc. 

Section 1. — Be it enacted, etc., that all that 
part of Lewis County, including the voters 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 151 

living on the waters of Laurel and Grassy Creek, 
shall be an election precinct, at which the 

elections shall be held at the house of 

Staggs, Sr., under the same rules and regula- 
tions that elections are held in other precincts 
of said county. 

Sec. 2 — That hereafter the place of holding 
the elections in the Kinniconnick precinct shall 
be at the house of William Heath, in said 

Acts of 1837: There were four Acts passed 
at this session relating to Lewis County — one to 
appoint commissioners to make the line be- 
tween Lewis and Greenup Counties, two Acts 
for the benefit of the sheriff, giving him more 
time to collect his fees; and one for the benefit 
of the jailer. 

Acts of 1838: One additional justice of the 
peace was allowed Lewis County, and an Act for 
the benefit of Thompson N. Stratton, late 
sheriff, was passed at this session. 

x\cTS OF 1839: In this session Mower's 
precinct was established, and the place of voting 
fixed at the house of Jacob Mowery. An Act 
was passed for the benefit of W. B. Parker, 
late sheriff, allowing him to list his claims with 
the present sheriff for collection, as he had 
moved into Mason County. An Act for the 
benefit of Charles Cain, sheriff, was also passed, 

152 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

and one for the benefit of William Watkins, 

iVcTS OF 1840: The session of 1840-41 passed 
Acts for an additional constable in Lewis County, 
for the benefit of Thomas Mitchell, jailer, al- 
lo\ying him to live in another house than the 
county jailer's house, and to collect fees during 
the time he had no bond in force. Also two 
Acts for the benefit of Sheriff Chas. Caines, 
and W. B. Parker. 

Acts of 1841 : More Acts for the benefit of 
the sheriffs of Lewis County, one allowing 
Thos. Parker more time to settle with the 
auditors, and also requiring the auditor to 
settle with Chas. Caines, late sheriff of Lewis 
County for the year 1840. 

Acts of 184'2: The voting place in Forman's 
Bottoms was changed by an Act from the house 
of William Marshall to that of Nathaniel 
Garland, Februarj^ 28, 1842; also the voting 
place in Laurel precinct was changed from the 
house of Joseph Staggs to that of Josiah W. 

Acts of 1843: There appears to be no Act 
concerning Lewis County in this year. Our 
representative, Socrates Holbrook, probably 
thought we had enough Acts for the benefit of 
the sheriff' and changing the time of holding 
Circuit Court. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 153 

Acts of 1844 : An Act to allow one additional 
justice of the peace to reside on Lurel or Grassy 
Fork of Kinny was passed on February 16, 

Acts of 1845: Chapter 295 reviews the Act 
of January 25, 1833, in relation to the town of 
Concord, and Section 2 appoints Arthur Steph- 
enson, Thos. A. Duke, John Lovel, B. D, Taylor, 
and Henry Grimes as trustees to continue in 
office until May, 1846. 

One Act for the benefit of Thomas Parker, 
Alexander Bruce, John Johnson, and Charles 
Caines, allowing further time to collect fees as 
sheriff and late sheriffs of Lewis County, is all 
we find in 1844-45. 

Acts of 1846: An Act for the benefit of 
Daniel O'Neil and Sarah Graham, allowing 
Lewis County Court to appropriate money for 
their support. 

Acts of 1847: Four Acts were passed in the 
session of 1846-47. One adding a justice of the 
peace to reside in the town of Clarksburg, an 
Act to prevent persons not residents from sein- 
ing on Kinniconnick. 

A special term of the Circuit Court of Lewis 
County was authorized to be held beginning 
on the second Monday in June, 1847, for the 
trial of chancery and criminal cases. Also an 
Act changing the time of holding the county 

154 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

court, April and October terms, to the first 
Mondays in said months. 

Acts of 1848: An Act legahzing the acts of 
John P. Pell, survej'or, and giving more time 
to execute bond, etc. Also an additional justice 
at Esculapia Springs. 

Chapter 116 in the Acts of 1848-49 incor- 
porates M. T. C. Gould, William C. Halbert, 
Mark Wallingford, and their successors as the 
Esculapia Mineral Spring Company, with an 
authorized capital of fifty thousand dollars. 
The Act was approved January 26, 1849. 

The State Road, between Anderson M. 
Garland's and Robert Meredith's, was author- 
ized to be changed by this Legislature. 

Acts of 1849: Section 3, Chapter 455, 
Acts of 1848-49, appoints Thomas Marhsall, 
Mark Wallingford, M. T. C. Gould, James 
McCormick, John McDowell, and S. Holbrook 
as commissioners to build a turnpike road 
through Lewis County, to be known as the 
Maysville and Lewis County Turnpike, and to 
extend from Maysville by way of Esculapia to 
Vanceburg. This is another of the bubbles 
which bursted coincident with Gould's Mineral 
Spring scheme. 

The Legislatures of former years were rich 
in "vacant lands," and many were the acts 
trying to get rid of it; for instance: 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 155 

"Be it enacted, etc., that the Lewis County 
Court shall apply the proceeds of the vacant 
lands of said county to the removal of obstruc- 
tions in Kinniconnick River and to the im- 
provement of the navigation of said stream." 

Acts of 1850: There are only two Acts con- 
cerning Lewis County passed at this session. 
Both relate to roads; one changes the charter of 
the Maysville and Lewis County Turnpike 
Company so as to allow the company to use 
plank instead of gravel on said road, and the 
other authorized the Lewis County Court, on 
petition of Henry Adair, to change the State 
Road through his lands. 

Acts of 1850: An Act appointing Isaac 
Middleton, J. R. Duke, U. R. McKellup, George 
M. Thomas, Joseph Sparks, Judge Baldwin, 
and N. R. Garland to divide Lewis County 
into eight magisterial districts was passed and 
approved December 12, 1850. 

Acts of 1851 : An Act placing Lewis County 
in the tenth judicial district, together with 
Bath, Fleming, Greenup, Carter, Lawrence, 
Montgomery, and Morgan. 

An Act appointing Hesekiah Jenkins, Thomas 
Glascock, Thomas Marshall, and Mark Wal- 
lingford commissioners to remark and survey 
the time between Mason and Lewis Counties. 

Chapter 528 changes the places of voting 

1.56 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

in district number five from the house of 
Stephen Nowland to Josiah Staggs, and lays 
off the boundary of district number six, and 
leaves the voters to decide whether the polling 
place shall be at John B. Fenley's house or at 
the town of Tollesburg. 

An Act to organize County Courts fixes the 
time for the court of Lewis County on the 
second Monday in March, June, September 
and December, 

Note. — Under the Constitution of 1850 the 
Legislature met biennially. 

There were no Acts for 1852. 

Acts of 1853: An Act giving Wm. S. Parker, 
sheriff of Lewis County, further time of two 
years to collect taxes, fee bills, and muster 

Acts of 1854: An Act for the benefit of 
J. M. Todd, sheriff' of Lewis County, releasing 
him from all damages upon a judgment standing 
against him for failing to pay over the revenue 
of 1852, he having already paid the full amount 
of revenue, interests, and costs. 

An Act to prescribe the time of holding the 
Greenup and Lewis Circuit Courts. 

Section 2. — That hereafter the Lewis Circuit 
Court shall commence on the Mondays succeed- 
ing the termination of the May and November 
terms of the Greenup Circuit Court in each year. 

History of Leivis County, KentucJx-y 157 

and continue twelve judicial days, if the busi- 
ness thereof require it. 

An Act placing Lewis County in the Ninth 
Congressional District passed February ^24, 1854?, 
over the veto of the governor. 

Chapter 665 reads as follows: "Be it enacted 
by the General Assembly of the Commonwealth 
of Kentucky, that after the passage of this Act 
the April and October terms of the Lewis County 
Court shall be held on the third Monday of each 
month, instead of the first Monday. 

There were no Acts for 1855. 

Acts of 1856: Li February, 1856, the Legis- 
lature passed an Act authorizing the building 
of the "Mud Turnpike" from Vanceburg to 
Mt. Carmel. 

Acts of 1857: An Act in relation to a road 
in Lewis and Carter Counties allows further 
time for collecting tax to build same. 

There is also a similar Act on account of a 
road in Fleming and Lewis Counties — the 
"Mud Turnpike." 

There was also a long Act passed appointing 
commissioners, laying off road districts, and 
stating who are exempt from work; also reduc- 
ing all road laws in Lewis and Greenup Counties. 
Also an Act to increase the county levy to two 
dollars for the purpose of building a jail in 
Lewis County. 

158 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

There were no Acts for 1858-59-60. 

Acts of 1861 : At a called session held in 
May, 1861, an Act was passed changing the 
voting place in Henderson precinct to the school 
house at Poplar Flat. 

An Act incorporating the town of Quincy, in 
Lewis County, making the boundary as fol- 
lows: Beginning at a large elm tree at the 
lower landing on the land of Geo. Fruit, de- 
ceased, on the bank of the Ohio River; thence a 
straight line to the house of Samuel McKee, 
including the same; thence a straight line to 
the house of Abram Thomas, including the 
same; thence running so as to include the saw 
mill and house of S. Smith to the county road 
at the mouth of the lane running to the New 
Hampshire landing; thence with said lane toward 
the river to the lower line of Labun Woodworth; 
thence up the river with his line to the upper 
lane to the upper Woodworth tract, and with 
the line of the said Woodworth tract down said 
lane toward the river until it strikes the river; 
thence down the river to the beginning. 

Nelson G. Morse, Wm. S. McKinny, and 
Henry McKee were appointed judges of an 
election for town officers, to be held the first 
Saturday in May, 1861. 

An Act amending an Act passed January 30, 
1851, granting Lewis County power and right 

Histonj of if?r?V Coifiitij. KcntucJn/ 159 

to sell seminary land: the amendment gives 
Lewis County the right to sue and be sued. 

Chapter 4''28: Be it enacted, etc., that Salt 
Lick Creek in Lewis County, Ky., from its 
main forks near Adam Bertram's to the mouth 
of said creek be, and the same hereby is, de- 
clared a navigable stream. 

This Act shall take effect from and after its 

An Act paying Geo. T. Halbert twenty-five 
dollars as State Agent in collecting taxes on the 
lands of Moylan's heirs, in Lewis and Carter 

Acts of 1S(H: This session was prolific in 
Acts for Lewis County. In the first place we 
have an Act for the benefit of J. 11. Garland 
and his sureties as sherifi'. Next, an Act grant- 
ing the trustees of the Tollesboro school district 
time until the first day of February, 180*2, to 
teach and report the free school. 

Acts of 1863: An Act amending the charter 
of Concord. Wharfboats and other boats shall 
not occupy the j)ublic grade without license from 
the town truslees. Trustees may charge not 
exceeding thirty dollars for use of said grade, 
per annum. A fine of five dollars for disregard- 
ing Act to be collected before any justice or 
police judge. 

x\n Act changing the voting place in Kinni- 

160 History of Leicis County, Kentucky 

connick district to the Jefferson schoolhouse; 
also another Act incorporating the Kinnicon- 
nick Bridge Company, authorizing Geo. W. 
Bruce, Jubes Fruit, and other persons to build 
a bridge or finish approaches to the railroad 
bridge, and charge toll upon the same until 
they had received the money expended and 
ten per centum thereon, when the County Courts 
shall declare the bridge free to public travel. 

An Kci to incorporate the Salt Lick Bridge 
Company makes Wm. H. Taylor, James Hiner, 
James C. Cole, Jackson Norris, Robert Bedford, 
W. C. Halbert, N. B. Webster, J. C. Ingrim, 
Thos. H. Thomas, John McCall, and Thos. D. 
Parker corporators and authorizes a capital 
stock of $3,000, in shares of $10 each, to open 
subscription book, and when $1,000 is sub- 
scribed, to call meeting and hold an election 
for officers. The stockholders were then to 
pay for the stock and to begin work on the 
bridge. When the bridge was completed they 
had power to collect tolls and pay dividends, 

An Act allowing the sureties of James M. 
Todd to replevy the judgment held against them 
by the Commonwealth. 

An Act for the benefit of the Vanceburg 
school district, allowing till June 1, 1862, to 
the public school. 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 161 

Chapter 778 incorporates the Vanceburg 
Male and Female School, with W. C. Halbert, 
Thos. D. Parker, Geo. M. Thomas, Thos. H. 
Thomas, and H, Ingrim as corporators. This 
is the beginning of the public school building 
now in use in this city. (Page 446.) 

Chapter 1049 legalizes the election of trus- 
tees in the town of Vanceburg, on account of 
some irregularity in holding the election. 

Acts of 1864: An Act for the removal of the 
seat of justice for Lewis County. 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the 
Commonwealth of Kentucky: 

First. — That the seat of justice for Lewis 
County be, and the same is hereby, removed 
from the town of Clarksburg and established 
in the town of Vanceburg. 

Second. — That John Thomas Parker, F. M. 
Carr, and W. R. Stricklett be, and they are 
hereby, appointed commissioners to select, in 
the town of Vanceburg, a suitable site and 
grounds for the erection of a court-house, jail, 
and other necessary public buildings, not to 
be less than one acre. Said commissioners shall 
have power to contract for the land for said 
public buildings, upon such terms and at such 
prices as they may agree upon, or to accept a 
donation of same. The land selected by the 
commissioners, and purchased or donated, shall 

162 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

be conveyed by the grantor or donor by deed to 
the Lewis County Court, and their successors 
in office. The sum agreed to be paid for the 
land shall be allowed by the next succeeding 
Court of Claims for said county, and payment 
thereof provided by the county levy. The said 
commissioners shall also procure suitable rooms 
in the town of Vanceburg for holding courts 
and clerk's offices, to be used for such purpose 
until suitable buildings are erected; so soon 
as such buildings are procured, and a deed of 
conveyance made for the land selected for 
public buildings, the commissioners shall make 
a report to the Lewis County Court, together 
with a deed, which shall be recorded. When 
the commissioner's report shall be filed as afore- 
said, it shall be the duty of the clerk of the 
Circuit and County Court, and the judge of the 
Quarterly Court, within twenty days thereafter, 
to remove all books, records, and papers be- 
longing and appertaining to the respective offi- 
cers aforesaid to the rooms provided therefor 
in Vanceburg; and the Circuit, County, and 
Quarterly Courts for said county shall there- 
after be held in Vanceburg, at the time pre- 
scribed by law: Provided, that until the re- 
moval of the records, etc., as above provided, 
the courts for said county shall be held at 

History of Leivis County, Kenhicky 163' 

Third. — It shall be the duty of the judge of 
the County Court, at the first term of said 
court held in the town of Vanceburg, by order^ 
to cause the justices of the peace for said county 
to be summoned to attend at the next term 
thereafter of said court, at which time, if a ma- 
jority of the justices in said county be not 
present, the court shall adjourn from day to 
day, until a majority of said justices are present, 
and may issue attachments to compel attend- 
ance; and when a majority of said justices are 
present, they shall take the necessary steps 
and make all necessary provisions for the erec- 
tion of public buildings for said county. 

Fourth. — That the County Court of Lewis 
County, a majoritj^ of the justices being present 
in court, shall have full power and authority 
to make sale, to the highest bidder, at public 
auction, on such credit as the court may de- 
termine, of the public ground, and buildings 
thereon, in the town of Clarksburg in said 
county; and they shall take bond from the 
purcliaser for the price, with good personal 
securit}^ payable to the said County Court, 
and their successors in office, which bond shall 
have the force of a replevin bond. They may 
appoint a commissioner to make the sale and 
prescribe the terms, but such sale, if made by 
a commissioner, shall be subject to the approval 

164 History of Leivis County , Kentucky 

and confirmation of the County Court. The 
justices of the peace for said county, a majority 
being present in court, and concurring, shall 
liave the power and authority to remove the 
public buildings, or any part thereof, that they 
may wish to use in the erection of new buildings 
at Vanceburg, and to sell what may remain, as 
above provided. The County Court shall ap- 
propriate the proceeds of the sale to the erec- 
tion of public buildings in Vanceburg. 

Fifth. — That, upon payment of the purchase 
money for the public grounds, and such of the 
public buildings as may be sold, the county 
judge shall execute to the purchaser or purchas- 
ers as deed of conveyance therefor, vesting in 
the purchaser or purchasers such title as the 
County Court may hold to said property. 

Sixth. — That any two of the commissioners 
named in the second section of the Act, concur- 
ring, shall have full power to perform the duties 
required of the three. And in case said commis- 
sioners should fail or refuse to act, or die, it 
shall be the duty of the County Court of Lewis 
County to appoint others — such appointments 
to be made not later than the February term, 
1864, of said court; and the commissioners, so 
appointed by said court, shall have all the 
powers of those named in the second section of 
this Act. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 165 

Seventh. — This Act shall take effect from its 

An Act providing for the erection of public 
buildings in Lewis County. 

Be it enacted, etc.: 

First. — That an ad valorem tax of ten cents 
is hereby levied upon each one hundred dollar's 
worth of taxable property subject to taxation 
for State revenue, in Lewis County, for the 
purpose of building a court-house, clerk's office, 
jail, and jailer's house in the tow^n of Vance- 
burg, Lewis County, which tax shall be levied 
for and during five years in succession, commenc- 
ing with the year 1864, which shall be the first 

Second. — The sheriff of Lewis County shall 
collect the tax authorized by the Act, and pay 
the same over as ordered and directed by the 
County Court of Lewis County. The sheriff 
shall execute bond, in the Lewis County Court, 
with good security to be approved by said court, 
conditioned to faithfully collect and pay over 
said tax as the said court may direct; and he 
and his securities shall be liable on said bond 
for all money collected or which he could have 
collected under this Act, which he shall fail to 
pay over when due, and ordered to do so, by 
the County Court of Lewis County; and suit 
may be brought on said bond, in the name of 

166 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Lewis County Court, in the Lewis Circuit Court 
for any failure of his duty under this Act. The 
said tax shah be due from the sheriff, at the same 
time that the State revenue is due. He shall 
receive and retain in his hands the same com- 
pensation for collecting said tax as is allowed 
by law for collecting the State revenue. 

Third. — It shall be lawful for the clerk of 
Lewis County Court to issue the bonds of the 
County of Lewis in one, two, three, four, and 
five years, bearing interest at six per centum 
per annum, and payable annually, for the pur- 
pose of building said court-house, clerk's office, 
jail, and jailer's house. The bonds aforesaid 
may be sold by said Countj" Court clerk on such 
terms as to him may seem right and proper; 
and the tax authorized to be collected bj^ Act is 
hereby pledged to the payment of said bonds 
and the interest thereon. The said clerk may 
issue said bonds and hand them over to the 
contractor upon the order of the commissioners 
authorized to let out the contracts for the 
public buildings, which bonds shall be in such 
amounts as said commissioners may direct; and 
the money arising from the sale of said bonds 
shall be paid over to the contractors, upon the 
order of said commissioners. Before said County 
Court clerk shall receive the money on said 
bonds, he shall execute a covenant with good 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 167 

security, to be approved by the County Court, 
to the County Court of Lewis County, for 
faithful performance of his duty under this 
Act, which bond shall be executed before and 
attested by the county judge, and filed in the 
Lewis County Court clerk's office; and suit 
may be brought on said bond by said County 
Court for any failure of duty by said County 
Court clerk. 

Fourth. — That F. M. Carr, John Thomas 
Parker, and John C. Ingram, or any two of 
them, shall have full power and authority to 
let out the contract for the erection and com- 
pleting the public buildings authorized by this 
Act; and shall have power and authority to 
enter into such covenants from contractors as 
shall be necessary; and shall see that the cov- 
enants of the contractors are complied w^ith 
before any money shall be paid. Said com- 
missioners shall have full power and authority 
to remove to the town of Vanceburg for the pur- 
pose of using same in building public buildings, 
all or any portion of the material in the old 
court-house, clerk's office, jail, and jailer's 
house, in Clarksburg. If the commissioners, or 
any of them, should die or refuse to act, the 
County Court of Lewis County shall, at its 
next term after such death or refusal, appoint 
suitable persons to fill such vacancy and shall, 

168 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

from time to time, fill such vacancies, and make 
such orders as become necessary to carry out 
this Act. Said commissioners shall receive and 
appropriate to the erection of said buildings 
all donations and subscriptions made for that 

Fifth. — That the County Court of Lewis 
County, a majority of all the justices of the 
peace in and for said county being present in 
court, and a majority of those present concur- 
ring, shall have power to increase the county 
levy to any sum, not exceeding two dollars on 
each tithe, and may do so for five years. 

Si,vth. — This Act shall take eftect from its 

An Act to amend an Act passed March 30, 
1861, to incorporate the town of Quincy, in 
Lewis County. 

Be it enacted, etc.: 

First. — That an Act incorporating the town 
of Quincy, Lewis County, Ky., approved March 
30, 1861, is hereby amended, that the boundary 
of the said town of Quincy shall be as follows: 
Beginning at the upper line of a tract of land 
owned by Eifort, Dodge & Co., at the low water 
mark of the Ohio River, and running back with 
said line so as to exclude the tracts of lands of 
Samuel McKee, James Lew^s, Abraham Thomas, 
John J. Hackworth: thence with said line of 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 169 

Hackworth, George Aumiller, and Woodworth's; 
thence with said Aumiller and Hackworth's 
line to the Ohio River; thence with the meander- 
ings of the river, at low water mark, to the be- 
ginning, containing an area of about three 
hundred acres. 

Second. — Thus W. S. McKinney, William 
Hackworth, and Wm. B. Thompson shall be 
the trustees of said town of Quincy till the 
regular election takes place, on the first Saturday 
in May, 1864. 

Third. — That said trustees, or their suc- 
cessors, shall have power to lay a tax on so 
much of the real estate within said boundary, 
so incorporated, to open streets and grade a 
wharf, as they may see proper; and in all other 
respects the laws of the State concerning laws 
regulating and governing towns shall apply to 
and govern the town of Quincy, and be a part 
of its charter. 

Fourth. — This Act shall take effect from 
and after its passage. 

An Act establishing a new precinct on 

Be it enacted, etc.: 

First. — That the Lewis County Court shall 
have power, and are authorized, to make a new 
election district on Kinny Creek, out of parts of 
Laurel Fork precinct and the precinct known 

170 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

as the "Crossing of Kinny" precinct, and to 
locate and fix the place of voting in said precinct; 
and, when said court shall affix the boundaries 
of said district and appoint the place of voting 
in it, and enter the same on the records of said 
court, the said district is declared established. 

Second. — That at the next regular election 
after the making of said district, two justices 
of the peace and a constable for said district 
shall be elected, as prescribed by the Constitution 
and Laws of the State, who shall hold their 
offices until the next regular election of said 
officers in said district. 

Third. — This Act shall be in force from its 

An Act to change voting place from Clarks- 
burg to Vanceburg. 

Be it enacted, etc.: 

First. — That hereafter the place of voting 
in election district number three, in Lewis 
County, be and is hereby changed from Clarks- 
burg to Vanceburg, in said county. 

Secojid. — This Act to take effect from its 

Acts of I860: The first page of the Acts 
of 1865 reveals the Kinniconnick oil excitement, 
as there we read of James D. Smith, William 
Overend, Samuel Bate, and Henry J. Smith 
made corporators of the "Kinniconnick Central 

History of Lewis Comity, Kentucky 171 

Oil and Mining Co." Mr. Samuel Bate, new 
of this city, will take pride in telling you of the 
wells they bored, and he can actually show 
you some oil in that locality yet. 

The " Kinniconnick and Salt Lick Petroleum 
Co." came into existence with George M. 
Thomas, Wm. C. Halbert, John P. Willim, 
Thos. W. Mitchell, and Thos. D. Parker as 
incorporators. They had a capital stock of 
$500,000, divided into shares of from $5 to $50. 
They had power granted open books, and when 
$20,000 was subscribed the company might 
proceed to business. 

Judge Thomas did not make his money 
out of oil, this Act to the contrary notwith- 

Chapter 1304 gives Seth Parker, late sheriff, 
more time of two years to collect his fee bills, 

Adjourned Session of 1865: Chapter 849 
corporates Wm. S. Rand, Seneca W. Ely, Wil- 
liam Halbert, Jacob W. Rand, George Halbert, 
Thos. J. Davis, and their successors, as the 
Vanceburg and Kinniconnick Railway Com- 
pany, with a capital stock of one million 

Chapter 1018 incorporates the Lewis County 
Petroleum Co., with John R. Morton, John 
McLean, Jas. R. Hawley, John G. Wells, Robt. 

172 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

E. J. Miles, L. Barney, and E. L. Van Winkle as 

Note. — This company was probably in- 
tended to furnish freight for Colonel Rand's 
railway, as above noted. 

An Act to change the voting place in 
Laurel Precinct from Brightma's to William 
Stafford's, and to make two places in the cross- 
ing of Kinny precinct, one at Briery schoolhouse 
and one at McKinney schoolhouse, was approved 
January 27, I860. 

An Act for the benefit of J. R. Garland, 
giving him two more years to collect his fee 
bills, etc., or place them in the hands of proper 
collecting officers, was passed February 3, 1865. 

Acts of 1866: Chapter 41. — Be it enacted, 
that the voting place in Mower district in Lewis 
County be, and the same is hereby, changed 
from Temperance Hall to the house of Jacob 

Chapter 414 establishes an additional vot- 
ing place at the house of William White, in 
Esculapia district. 

Chapter 421 establishes an additional voting 
place at Kinny Mills and tanyard, in the Elk 
Fork district, and changes the boundary of 
said district so as to extend down Kinny to 
Straight Fork, including the house of John 
Peckelsimer, persons living on Straight Fork 
to be in the Laurel precinct. 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 173 

Chapter 426 compels Vanceburg to levy a 
tax in aid of the construction of the bridge 
over Salt Lick Creek. 

Chapter 505, p. 426, Acts of 1865-66, makes 
Vanceburg a city, and gives the following 
boundary: "Beginning at the mouth of Salt 
Lick Creek; thence up Salt Lick Creek to the 
mouth of Dry Run; thence up Dry Run to the 
mouth of the branch running into Dry Run 
between Kaleher's land and N. B. Webster's 
land; thence up said branch to the head; thence 
a straight line from the head of said branch to 
the head of the Southeast Fork of Slate Branch; 
thence down Slate Branch to the Ohio River; 
thence down the Ohio River, with its meanders, 
to the mouth of Salt Lick Creek, the place of 

The new Constitution has rendered void 
most of the remainder of this Chapter, and 
therefore we do not copy it further. 

Chapter 410 places the farm of James H. 
Darragh in Vanceburg voting district, and 
those of Anthony Evans and Thos. Nolan in 
the Crossing of Kinny district. 

Chapter 277 gives the first charter for a 
"Deposit Bank" in Vanceburg. The incorpo- 
rators were Jas. C. Cole, James Hiner, Joshua B. 
Fitch, George T. Halbert, William R. Stricklett, 
John P. Willim, Thos. W. Mitchell, Thos. D. 
Parker, and Thos. B. Harrison, or rather they 

174 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

were appointed commissioners to raise a capital 
stock of $100,000 by subscription at $100 per 
share. Evidently that was too much money 
for Vanceburg, and the whole scheme collapsed. 
The Deposit Bank of Vanceburg is not that 

Chapter 500 incorporates the Vanceburg 
Flouring Mill Co., with John P. McAndrew and 
William C. Halbert as the incorporators, allows 
them a capital of not over $100,000, the use of 
a common seal, and the right to build a grade 
and wharf the entire length of their land on 
the Ohio River. 

This is one of the corporations that actually 
did something, as the mill and grade testifies 
by yet remaining as a monument of their work. 

Chapter 501 produces another corporation 
in the persons of Wm. R. Stricklett, James R. 
Garland, and Warner Clary, known as the 
Vanceburg Hotel Co. The capital of this com- 
pany was to be $50,000, divided into shares of 
$25 each. 

The probable outgrowth of this charter is 
the "St. Charles Hotel," on Second Street, in 

Chapter 287 is an Act allow^ing any school 
district to vote a tax in aid of the common 
school. Section 5 relates to Vanceburg as fol- 
lows: "That the election in the Vanceburg 

History of Leiois County. Kentucky 175 

district shall be held at the schoolhouse of the 
Vanceburg Male and Female School; and the 
free school for said district shall be taught at 
said house, and the trustees of said high school 
shall be deemed the trustees of said common 
school district; and three of said trustees may 
sign the notices with the common school com- 
missioner and do all other acts required of 
trustees of common schools under this Act 
and all the laws in regard to common schools 
of this State." 

Chapter 285 is an Act amending an Act 
providing for the public buildings in Lewis 
County. It authorizes the county judge to 
call the County Court into session and have it 
levy an increase of the ad valorem tax to 30 
cents on the $100 worth of property, and gives 
power to increase the poll tax to $3 on each 
tithe, and the same Avas to remain in force until 
the debts due on the public buildings were all 

Chapter 425. — An Act authorizing Lewis 
County Court to levy a tax to create a bridge 
fund for Lewis County. 

Be it enacted, etc., Section 1, That the 
County Court of Lewis County (a majority of 
the justices of the peace for said county in com- 
mission being present in court, and a majority 
of those present concurring) shall have power 

176 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

and are hereb}^ required, to assess and collect 
a tax annually, of not more than ten nor less 
than five cents on each one hundred dollars 
worth of property assessed for State purposes, 
for the creation of a fund for building and re- 
pairing bridges in said county; this tax shall be 
perpetual, and be dedicated to the purpose of 
building and repairing bridges, and not diverted 
to any other purpose." 

This is the law yet in force in the county. 
It requires the sheriff to collect the tax, and 
requires the county judge to appoint com- 
missioners, and first build or repair the bridge 
most in need of it. 

Acts of 1867: An Act allowing J. R. Gar- 
land two years to collect his fee bills as sheriff 
of Lewis County. 

Seth Parker, late sheriff, was also given two 
years to collect fee bills. 

Thos. W. Mitchell, clerk of the Lewis County 
and Circuit Courts, was allowed to list his fee 
bills with any officer and given time of two years 
to collect same. 

An Act giving Seth Parker two years, as 
administrator of John T. Parker, late clerk of 
Lewis County and Circuit Courts, to collect 
fees, etc. 

An Act for the benefit of Seth Parker and 
his sureties, releasing them from damages in- 

History of Lewis County, Kentuchy 177 

eluded in a judgment against them, and also 
released of $687.76 military tax for the year 

Alfred Harrison was allowed two years to 
collect fee bills as surveyor of Lewis County. 
Chapter 237. 

Chapter 157 continues the ad valorem tax 
of thirty cents on the one hundred dollars, to 
aid in furnishing public buildings to the county, 
and applies it to building turnpikes: Provided, 
that the Act was ratified by the people at an 

An Act to amend an Act to levy a tax to 
aid in building turnpike roads in Lewis County. 

Be it enacted, etc., that an Act entitled an 
Act to levy a tax to aid in building turnpike 
roads in Lewis County, approved March 5, 
1867, be so amended that the tax directed to be 
levied and collected by said Act, and by an 
amended Act passed at the present session, shall 
be collected and paid upon each one hundred 
dollars worth of real estate within the distance 
prescribed in said Act and amendment; that 
said tax shall be collected on all real estate 
within two miles of the commencement of said 
road at or in the city of Vanceburg, including 
the real estate in said city. 

This was the turnpike road year for Lewis 
county. The following roads were chartered: 


178 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

"Mt. Carmel, Esculapia, and Kinniconnick," 
with G. A. Henderson, Charles Nute, xVlex 
Foxworthy, N. A. Glascock, John Bateman, 
and W. C. Power, incorporators; "Concord and 
Tollesboro," with R. D. Taylor, R. B. Lovel, 
John Lovel, John M. Myers, and Jesse Mark- 
land, incorporators; "Lewis and Mason," with 
a company to be organized after stock was 
subscribed; "Vanceburg, Quick's Run, and Con- 
cord," with T. B. Harrison, Wm. R. Stricklett, 
J. C. Cole, Thos. J. Bruce, Robert Bedford, 
Thos. H. Mitchell, and Thos. D. Parker as 
corporators; "Vanceburg, Salt Lick, Tollesboro, 
and Maysville." As the last named was the 
first chartered road, and as the charters of the 
others were modeled by it, we will give that 
Act entire as a sample of Turnpike Legislation 
for Lewis County : 

Chapter 1347. — An x\ct to incorporate the 
Vanceburg, Salt Lick, Tollesboro, and Mays- 
ville Turnpike Road Co., in Lewis County, and 
to establish a Sinking Fund Board for said 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of 
the Commonwealth of Kentucky. 

Section 1. — That a Company is hereby 
formed and created a body politic and cor- 
porate, by the name and style of the Vance- 
burg, Salt Lick, Tollesboro, and Maysville 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 179 

Turnpike Road Company, to consist of a 
president and five directors, with other stock- 
holders, for the purpose of making a turnpike 
road from Vanceburg, in Lewis County, up Salt 
Lick Creek to Mason County line; and from 
thence to intersect some turnpike road leading 
to Maysville, the place at which the road shall 
reach the line between Lewis and Mason 
Counties to be selected by the board of com- 
missioners hereafter named in this Act. Said 
road shall be built upon the macadam plan. 
Said company, by said name, shall have per- 
petual existence and succession, and all the 
rights and privileges and franchises incident to 
such a corporation; and shall be capable of 
taking and holding their capital stock, and the 
increase and profits thereof; and of purchasing, 
taking, and holding, to them and their suc- 
cessors and assigns, and of selling, transferring, 
and conveying, in fee simple, all such lands, 
tenements, and hereditaments and estate, real 
and personal, as shall be necessary to them 
in the prosecution of their work; and to sue and 
be sued, plead and be impleaded, answer and 
be answered, defend and be defended in all 
courts of record, or any other places whatever; 
to contract for, buy, and own the right of way 
for said road; to have a common seal, and to 
do all and every other act and thing whatever 

180 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

within the object and scope of their incorpora- 
tion, which body poHtic or corporate may law- 
fully do. 

Section 2. — That the capital stock of said 
company shall be one hundred thousand dollars, 
and may be increased to any sum necessary to 
build the roads and branch roads authorized 
by this Act, to be divided into shares of twenty- 
five dollars each. Books for the subscription 
of stock shall be opened on the third Monday 
in March, 1867, or as soon thereafter as com- 
missioners may direct, at the clerk's office of 
the Lewis Circuit Court, in Vanceburg, and 
continue open until the stock shall be subscribed, 
or until the board of directors may see proper 
to close them. The books shall be opened 
under the direction of Thos. W. Mitchell, J. B. 
Fitch, Geo. M. Thomas, Geo. T. Halbert, J. R. 
Garland, and Thomas D. Parker, any two of 
whom may open the books at said place, and are 
hereby empowered to act and are appointed 
commissioners for that purpose; said commis- 
sioners shall procure books, and the subscribers 
shall enter into the following obligation: "We, 
whose names are hereunto subscribed, do re- 
spectively promise to pay to the president and 
directors of the Vanceburg, Salt Lick, Tolles- 
boro, and Maysville Turnpike Road Company 
the sum of twenty-five dollars for each share of 

History of Leuns Couniy, Kentucky 181 

stock set opposite to our names, in such pro- 
portions and at such times as the said president 
and directors may require." 

Sec. 3. — So soon as ten thousand dollars are 
subscribed to the capital stock of said Company 
(or sooner, if the commissioners judge best), it 
shall be the duty of said commissioners to give 
notice, in writing, to the stockholders for a 
meeting of said stockholders, at such time and 
place as they may designate, for the purpose 
of electing a president and three or more di- 
rectors, not to exceed five; the said officers shall 
be elected from among the stockholders, and 
one vote shall be allowed for each share of stocky 
and the said officers shall continue in office 
one year, and until their successors are in like 
manner duly elected. A majority of the di- 
rectors shall be competent to transact business. 

Sec. 4. — So soon as said company is or- 
ganized by the election of officers, the president 
and directors shall possess all the powers, rights, 
and privileges, and shall and may do all acts 
and things necessary for laying out and causing 
a survey of the most practicable route for said 
road, and for carrying on and completing said 
road; and may have and enjoy all the rights 
and privileges and be subject to all the duties, 
qualifications, and restrictions hereinafter pro- 
vided for. 

182 History of Lewis County, Kentucliy 

Sec. 5. — Said president and directors shall 
fix and regulate the elevation and grade of said 
road, width or part thereof to be covered with 
stone, and the width or part thereof to be ele- 
vated and graded, and left uncovered with 
stone; they shall designate the place for the 
erection of gates, not exceeding one for every 
five miles of said road; and they maj^ charge 
and receive the same tolls which are allowed 
by law to the Maysville, Washington, Paris, 
and Lexington Turnpike Road Compan^^ as 
amended by Act of the Legislature, approved 
January 29, 1829: Provided, the width of said 
road shall not exceed sixty feet, and the part 
covered with stone shall not be less than twelve 

Sec. 6. — The president and directors may 
-call on the subscribers of stock for any portion 
of their stock subscribed, not exceeding one- 
fourth of the total amount at a time, nor on 
shorter periods than three months after the 
first call; the first call of one-fourth may be 
called for and payment enforced at any time 
after said board is organized, until all the stock 
subscribed shall be paid in by the subscribers 
of stock. 

Sec. 7. — The president and directors shall 
deliver a certificate, signed hy the president, and 
countersigned by the treasurer, to each stock- 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 183 

holder for the shares by him held, which certifi- 
cate shall be transferable on the books of said 
board, according to the order, in person or by 
attorney in fact of such stockholder; but no 
share shall be transferred until all calls or arrear- 
ages thereon are paid. On the transfer of any 
share, the original or existing certificate shall 
be surrendered and a new one issued in the 
name of the purchaser thereof, who shall there- 
upon become one of the corporators, and be 
entitled to all the rights, privileges, and bene- 
fits of the corporation generally. 

Sec. 8. — That the president of the board 
may call meetings of the board at such times 
and places as he may think proper, and a 
majority of the directors shall be necessary for 
the transaction of business; said board shall 
keep a record of its proceedings, to be entered 
in a book to be provided for that purpose; 
and each day's proceedings shall be signed by 
the president or presiding officer; and they 
may adjourn from time to time, as it may be 
necessary in the judgment of the board. 

Sec. 9. — That the board of directors shall 
have power and authority to agree and contract 
with, and appoint all such surveyors, engineers, 
superintendents, artists, and officers as it shall 
judge necessary to act within the authority of 
the board, and fix and pay, all salaries thereof; to 

184 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

prescribe the time, manner, and proportions in 
which the stockholders shall make payment 
on their respective shares, subject to the condi- 
tions hereinafter prescribed; to draw orders on 
their treasurer for all moneys necessary to pay 
the salaries or wages of persons employed, and 
for materials and labor furnished; and to do 
all other matters and things as by this charter, 
or by the by-laws under it, said board is author- 
ized to do; and the president shall give twenty 
days notice of the amount of the call on each 
share of stock, and of the time of payment. 
And if any stockholder shall refuse or neglect 
to pay his proportion of said stock for the space 
of twenty days after the time appointed for 
the payment thereof, every such stockholder 
shall be subject to suit by warrant before a 
justice of the peace, or in the quarterly or 
Circuit Court for the amount or amounts so 
called, and shall pay interest upon it from the 
time it should have been paid, at six per cent 
per annum, until paid. And in the event of 
said corporation failing to make any portion 
of any share of stock, the whole amount which 
shall have been paid thereon shall be forfeited 
to the company, and passed to the general items 
of profits. 

Sec. 10. — That the said road shall be located 
by the president and directors, commencing at 

History of Lewis County, Koitucky 18.5 

Vanceburg, and from there up Salt Lick Creek 
to the headwaters thereof, and thence the most 
practical route to the Hne between Lewis and 
Mason Counties; said board may give prefer- 
ence to that route upon which the citizens 
and property holders give the most liberally 
and subscribe the most stock. Said road shall 
be laid out and graded as president and direc- 
tors may order; and they, their surveyors, engi- 
neers, and other agents, are hereby authorized 
to occupy, use, and own any public road, or 
any part thereof, between the termini of the 
road to be built for all purposes necessary to 
the construction and use of said turnpike road 
on the macadamized plan, making reasonable 
provision for travel on said public roads while 
said turnpike is being constructed. Said com- 
pany may also go upon any lands or inclosures 
contiguous thereto, to examine any lands, 
quarries of stone, or other material necessary for 
the construction or use of said road, and the 
board of directors and the owners of said land, 
quarry, stone, or material can not agree upon 
the price which shall be made by the company 
for the same, application shall be made on be- 
half of the company to the County Court of 
Lewis County for a jury to assess the value of 
the same; and, after return and confirmation 
by said County Court of the inquest made by 

186 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

said jury, said company shall make payment 
of or tender the value of any land, quarry, stone, 
or other material, and shall thereupon proceed 
to occupy, appropriate, and use the same in the 
construction of and for the use of the said road; 
and all persons employed in the construction of 
said road with wagons, carts, and all other 
necessary implements shall have free ingress 
and egress to and from said lands, quarries, 
stone, and other materials for the purpose 
aforesaid; and the directors shall have power 
to agree with the owner or owners of anj^ lands, 
quarry stone, and material for the same or the 
use thereof. 

Sec. 11. — That when said road, or any 
continuous section of two and one-half miles 
of said road, shall have been completed, the 
board of directors shall have power to erect a 
gate and collect half toll — that is, one-half 
the amount for five miles, according to this 

Sec. 12. — The tollgate keepers shall be ap- 
pointed by the president and board of directors; 
said board shall also appoint a clerk and treas- 
urer, the latter of whom may be required to 
enter into a bond, with good security; said 
bond shall be made payable to said company. 
The clerk shall keep in a well-bound book a 
record of the proceedings of said board, which 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 187 

shall at all times be open to the inspection of 
any stockholder. The bond of the treasurer 
shall be conditioned that he will faithfully dis- 
charge his duties as treasurer, and that he, at 
all times, will pay over any money in his hands 
to the order of the president and directors of 
said board; suit may be brought on said bond 
in the name and president and directors of said 
company for any default of said treasurer in 
any court having jurisdiction of the amount 
claimed to be due from said treasurer. 

Sec. 13. — The president and directors may 
let out any portion of said road as soon as 
four thousand dollars are subscribed, and the 
balance of said road, or an additional part there- 
of, at the discretion of the board, as soon as 
the capital stock is subscribed to an amount suf- 
ficient to build the road to Cabin Creek, or a 
less distance. Said board may let out the build- 
ing of any portion of said road from one to 
fifteen miles as fast as the money is subscribed 
to build the same. As soon as said road is fin- 
ished to Salt Lick Creek, and a suitable bridge 
erected across said stream, they may erect a 
tollgate and collect toll for that portion of said 
road. The charge for toll shall be in conformity 
with the general law of the State regulating 
tolls on turnpike roads; they shall only be 
authorized to charge toll for so much of said 

188 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

road as shall be completed and in good repair 
for traveling. 

Sec. 14. — If any person shall go around or 
turn off said road with the intent to avoid the 
payment of tolls, as fixed by the president and 
directors, he, she, or they shall, on conviction 
thereof before any justice of the peace or other 
magistrate, be fined five dollars, to be collected, 
and other sums, under the jurisdiction of said 

Sec. 15. — The president and directors shall 
have power to construct branch roads from the 
principal road, and for constructing said branch 
roads, on any one of them, the president, di- 
rectors, and company shall have the same 
powers and privileges that are given to them in 
this charter to construct the main road. 

Sec. 16. — That all suits, pleadings, and 
process, there shall be no change in the name 
or style of the president, directors, and com- 
pany of the Vanceburg, Salt Lick, Tollesboro, 
and Maysville Turnpike Road Company; and 
in the management, construction, and govern- 
ment of said main and branch roads, the powers 
of the company shall be the same in all respects, 
and all gifts or grants to one may inure to both 
by consent of the president and directors and 
stockholders of such branch road. 

Sec. 17. — Said company shall have power 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 189 

to acquire, hold, or sell real and personal estate, 
so far as deemed by said corporation necessary 
in the construction, use, and repair of said 
road or branch roads, to build bridges, erect 
gates, houses, and do all other acts and things 
necessary in the exercise of the powers herein 
expressly conferred. 

Sec. 18. — The president and directors of 
said compau}' are authorized to sell stock in 
said company to any amount they may judge 
proper, to any person or persons, and take 
their obligations, payable in labor on said road, 
or part in labor and part in money, at such 
prices as may be agreed on between the parties. 

Sec. 19.^ — The power of holding and conduct- 
ing the election of the oflGicers of said company 
shall be vested in any one of the commissioners 
named in this Act. The first election shall be 
held at the clerk's office of the Lewis Circuit 
Court, in Vanceburg; after the first election, 
the board of directors shall fix the time and 
place of all future elections, and who shall 
hold and conduct the same. The president, 
directors, and other officers of said company, 
from time to time elected, shall, before entering 
upon the duties of their office, take an oath, 
before some officer authorized to administer 
oaths by the laws of this State, well and truly 
to discharge the duties of their respective offices. 

190 History of Leicis County, Kentucky 

Sec. 20. — That the president and directors 
shall have power to adopt and enforce such 
by-laws, rules, and regulations as they may 
deem necessary and proper for enabling them 
to construct, control, and manage the road, and 
all branch roads and property belonging to the 
same, contemplated to be constructed by this 
Act, it being the intention to confer power on 
said company to build said main road, as many 
branch roads as said president and directors 
may choose and can raise the money to build. 

Sec. 21. — It shall be the privilege of each 
individual through whose land the main road 
or any branch road may pass, who may sub- 
scribe stock, to work out the value of his stock 
through his land, and adjoining thereto, at the 
estimated price for labor done, or he shall have 
the preference at the lowest bid; all subscribers 
of stock shall have the privilege of working out 
their stock subscribed under the direction of 
the president and directors of said company, or 
their agent. 

Sec. 22. — In order to encourage the building 
of macadamized roads in Lewis County, it is 
hereby made the duty of the County Court of 
said county, whenever one-half of the stock of 
said company shall be subscribed by responsible 
individual shareholders, to build said turnpike 
road ten miles of its distance and length, and 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 191 

proof of such subscription shall be made to said 
County Court, to subscribe to said Turnpike 
Road Company one thousand dollars per mile 
for and in the name of Lewis County; and said 
county shall, upon such subscription by the 
county judge of said county, become a stock- 
holder in said company to said amount. The 
stock of said county shall be represented and 
voted at any election of officers of said com- 
pany by the presiding judge of the County 
Court and the clerk of said court, each voting 
one-half of the stock of said county at all elec- 
tions held by said company; and when said 
county judge is satisfied of sufficient stock hav- 
ing been subscribed by responsible individual 
stockholders in said company, to build one- 
half of an additional number of miles of said 
road, or any branch thereof, not less than three 
miles in length, at a time; said presiding judge 
of the Lewis County Court shall again sign for 
and in behalf of said County of Lewis one 
thousand dollars per mile to the stock of said 
road or branch road, as the case may be. 

Sec. ^3. — That the Lewis County Court is 
hereby authorized and directed to issue the 
bonds of said county, payable at not a longer 
date than twenty years, to bear interest not 
exceeding six per cent per annum, which bonds 
may be in such amounts, and principal and in- 

192 History of Lewis Couniy, Kentucky 

terest payable at such place or places, as the 
said County Court may direct — the interest to 
be paid annually. Said bonds may be sold by 
order of said County Court, and the money 
paid to the president and directors of said turn- 
pike road company, or said court ma}' order 
said bonds to be issued and delivered to said 
president and directors; and if so delivered, said 
County of Lewis shall thereupon become a 
stockholder to the amount of money called for 
in the bonds issued and delivered to the presi- 
dent and directors of said company. 

Said County Court is also authorized to 
issue the bonds of the county, and loan them 
to said turnpike road company, in amount suf- 
ficient to enable said company to build fifteen 
miles of the main road the first year after the 
same is commenced; said bonds to draw six 
per cent per annum, the interest to be paid 
annuall}^; said bonds may be issued to fall due 
not more than fifteen years hence. For the 
bonds loaned to said company the county shall 
have a lien upon said road, and its toll and 
revenues, until the county is reimbursed. 

Sec. 24. — To meet the annual interest on 
said bonds, to pay all expense incident to the 
issual thereof, and the payment of principal 
and interest, and all expenses incident to the 
conducting a sinking fund, and to provide a 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 193 

sinking fund fully sufficient to pay and liquidate 
the principal when due, it shall be the duty of 
the County Court of Lewis annually to levy 
an ad valorem tax on the property subject to 
pay State revenue assessed for taxes in Lewis 
County, which, when added to the poll tax, 
shall be sufficient to defray the necessary county 
expenses, and the expenses before named, and 
put with the principal of the sinking fund a 
sum annually, sufficiently large, so that it will 
be ample to redeem and pay off all the bonds 
issued b}^ said County Court for turnpike road 
purposes, and bridges, when said bonds shall 
become due. Said County Court shall appoint 
three discreet persons sinking fund commis- 
sioners, and they and their successors are con- 
stituted a body, politic and corporate, by the 
name of the Lewis County Sinking Fund Com- 
missioners; and as such and by that name may 
contract and be contracted with, sue and be 
sued; but before the funds of the county raised 
for the sinking fund purposes shall be put into 
their hands, they shall execute bond to the 
Commonwealth of Kentucky, with good surety, 
to be approved by said County Court, in double 
the amount of funds which may go into their 
hands, or be under their control for the ensuing 
year; and it shall be the duty of said court to 
renew said bond annually; said County Court 


194 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

may issue said bonds, payable not beyond the 
time named in this Act, but conditioned that 
said bonds may be redeemed and paid off sooner 
if said County Court so elects. 

Sec. 25. — Said county bonds shall be or- 
dered to be issued by said County Court at a 
regular term, and shall be signed by the pre- 
siding judge of the County Court, and attested 
by the County Court clerk; and if semi-annual 
coupons be desired by said court for interest, 
they shall be signed by the County Court clerk. 

Sec. 26. — The president and directors of 
said company shall have power, and are hereby 
authorized, to open books for the subscription 
of stock at any place they may judge best for 
the interest of said companj^; and should com- 
missioners all refuse to act, or die, or remove, 
the County Court of Lewis County is hereby 
authorized and required to appoint other com- 
missioners to open books for the subscription 
of stock in said company; and commissioners 
thus appointed shall possess all the powers of 
those named in this Act. 

Sec. 27. — This Act shall take effect from 
and after its passage. 

Amended March 9, 1867, as follows: 

First. — Authorizes the clerk to issue the 
bonds on demand of the road company. 

Seco7id. — To take effect when ratified by 
vote of the people. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 195 

The second section of this amendment was 
repealed by a later Xci. 

Chapter 1879. — An kci for the benefit of 
A. E. Cole, late teacher in district No. 11. He 
made a mistake in his report in regard to the 
number of his district, and therefore could not 
draw his salary. The iVct authorizes that paj^- 
ment be made to him out of the surplus fund 
due Lewis County. 

Chapter 1590. — Changes the voting place in 
Elk Fork precinct from McEldowney's school- 
house to Hamrick's mill. 

Chapter 1676. — Changes the line between 
Tollesboro and Esculapia precincts to the State 

Chapter 1708. — Is the Act authorizing a 
tax of fifty cents to the one hundred dollars 
worth of land on each side of the turnpike 
roads in Lewis County. 

Chapter 1746 changes the time of holding 
the Court of Claims from the third Monday in 
October to the third Monday in April. 

Chapter 1903 authorizes the trustees of the 
Union Meeting House, on Cabin Creek, in 
Lewis County, to sell said land and appurte- 
nances and distribute the proceeds among the 
Christian Church, the Baptist Church, and 
the New School Presbyterian Church. 

Chapter 2035 incorporates the Salt Lick, 

196 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

Esculapia, and Mt. Carmel Turnpike Road 
Company. Samuel B. Pugh, Wm. F. Jones, 
David Arthurs, Jr., Howard Sliepard, W. F. 
Redden, John P. McAndrew, and Thomas D. 
Parker were the incorporators. 

Chapter 2028 is an Act for the benefit of 
J. B. Fitch, late sheriff, giving him two years 
time to collect his fee bills. 

Chapter 1751 is an Act for the benefit of 
the city council of Vanceburg, validating a 
contract made by them with the Grade Com- 
pany, of Vanceburg, and also providing for the 
election of a mayor for said city. 

Acts of 1868: Chapter 774 changes the 
Tollesboro and Esculapia precinct line so as to 
include John M. Spence, Jr., in the Tollesboro 

Chapter 1195 changes the line between 
Carter and Lewis Counties so as to include 
the residences of AYilliam Kinder, Marion Mc- 
Clung, Alexander Pendland, \Ym. Rayborn, 
Henry Rayborn, George Pendland, Wm. H. 
Logan, Tobias Logan, O. H. Holland, and 
James A. Patrick in the County of Lewis. 

Chapter 1178 enables the qualified voters 
in Vanceburg Common School District to elect 

Chapter 929 is an Act in favor of Samuel 
Ellis, late sheriff of Lewis County, giving him 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 197 

till the first day of June, 1868, to finish paying 
the revenue due from him to the State. 

Chapter 1855 is an amendment to two Acts 
in regard to Vanceburg. It changes the time 
of holding elections to the first Saturday in 
January in each year, and requires all incumbent 
officers to hold over till January, 1870. It also 
gives the city council authority to fill vacancies 
by appointment. 

x\cTS OF 1869: Chapter 1884 incorporates 
the Cabin Creek, Springdale, and Maysville 
Turnpike Road Company. 

This charter allowed the company to build 
a road from Bull Creek up the Ohio to Cabin 
Creek, up Cabin Creek to the forks; thence up 
the South Fork to Indian Run, in Lewis County, 
so as to intersect the Concord and Tollesboro 
Road, with the right and privilege to construct 
and keep up a branch from the forks of Cabin 
Creek by the most practical route to the Ohio 
River, opposite Manchester, and from thence 
up the Ohio River to Concord. 

The capital stock was to be $75,000, and the 
incorporators were W. J. Tully, Jackson Sweet, 
Thos. M. Fry. Headlj^ Harrison, Samuel West, 
J. D. Tully, Jno. McNutt, P. B. Vauden, Robt. 
A. Cochran, Henry C. Barkley, Robt. Means, 
Robt. Lovel, David W. Fearis, Thomas Wilson, 
Pres. Moore, and John Purcell. 

198 History of Leivis County, Kentuchy 

Every road named in this charter has been 
built except the one to Concord, and it is now 
building. The company has also extended its 
charter and roads with a branch from East 
Fork to Main Cabin Creek, and from D. W. 
Fearis' house, on East Fork, to the head of said 
creek and to intersect the C. & T. Road, near 
Salem Church. There is also an extension up 
Indian Run to the V. S. L. T. & M., at the head 
of Salt Lick, near Herrin's blacksmith shop. 

Chapter 2067. — Be it enacted that Samuel 
Ellis, sheriff of Lewis County, shall have until 
the April County Court, in 1869, to make out 
and return his delinquent list. 

Chapter 1254 defines the limit in which taxes 
shall be collected for the benefit of the Vance- 
burg, Salt Lick, Tollesboro, and Maysville 
Turnpike Road. As the taxes on the road have 
ceased, we deem it useless to copy the long Act. 

Chapter 1394 is an Act in favor of J. B. 
Fitch, giving more time to collect his fee bills, 
etc., and allowing him to list with other officers. 

Chapter 1482 is an Act to reduce into one 
all Acts in regard to the town of Concord. The 
boundary is to remain the same as in the 
original town plat. All the concerns of the 
town are vested in five trustees, who are to be 
elected annually by the voters who have paid 
their taxes. A police judge and marshal is also 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 199 

to be elected and hold office one year. The 
returns of said election are sent to the County 
Court, which shall certify the same to the 
governor, who is to issue commission to the 
police judge. The said judge must take oath of 
office, and has the same jurisdiction as a justice 
of the peace, but only in the limits of the town. 
He has the power of commitment to the county 
jail. He shall hold his court on the first Satur- 
day of every month, and continue till the causes 
are all disposed of. The right of appeal from 
his court is granted to all parties in the same 
manner as from the justice's courts. The chair- 
man of the board of trustees is to preside when 
the police judge is absent, for any reason, 
from his court. If a vacancy occurs in his 
office, the trustees are to recommend some suit- 
able person to the governor for his commission 
for the unexpired term. The police judge must 
execute bond, with security, to the town trustees 
for the payment of all money coming to his 
hands and belonging to the town. The marshal 
must serve all processes, warrants, etc., collect 
fines and taxes, and has the general powers of 
a constable. He is also inspector of streets and 
alleys, but the trustees may appoint a com- 
missioner instead of him. 

All taxes were made due from the marshal 
on the first of August, and he is to make settle- 

200 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

ment with the trustees at the regular meeting 
in that month. 

The trustees have a right to appoint a clerk, 
who shall keep a record of the meeting and all 
ordinances passed by the board. They are also 
required to appoint an assessor, with duties 
usual thereto. 

The trustees have the power to levy a poll 
and ad valorem tax, to tax shows, charge 
wharfage, license hacks, etc. They shall have a 
lien on property for taxes, and the marshal 
shall advertise and sell the same. 

The trustees have power to charge venders 
of spirits fifty dollars as a license fee, and the 
County Court is prohibited from granting license 
to sell liquors in said town without the consent 
of the board of trustees. • The trustees may do all 
other things in the town of Concord that any 
well-regulated town is authorized and required 
to do, but which are too numerous to be here 

Chapter 1500 incorporates the Vanceburg, 
Dry Run, and Kinniconnick Turnpike Road 
Company, with the following persons as com- 
missioners to open books for subscription of 
stock: Thos. W. Mitchell, Thos. B. Harrison, 
F. H. Rice, and Wm. Pell, at Vanceburg; and 
Jacob W. Rand, Samuel Bate, and Thos. Bate 
at the house of J. \Y. Rand. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 201 

The general provisions of other turnpike 
legislation was made applicable to this road, 
and it is another of the finished roads in the 
county, and extends, under this Act, from 
Vanceburg to Thos. B. Harrison's place on 

Chapter 1503 incorporates the Vanceburg, 
Quinc3% and Springville Turnpike Road Com- 
pany. The commissioners appointed were Thos. 
W. Mitchell, James McDermott, J. R. Garland, 
of Vanceburg; Samuel Kibby, B. F. Branham, 
N. G. Morse, of Quincy; and Samuel Yeager, 
Champ. Osborn, and Dr. Fulton, at Springville. 

This road w^as built about three miles from 
Vanceburg, and then failed. 

Chapter 150''2 is an amendment to the 
charter of the Concord and Tollesboro Road, 
but as that road has been taxed to death, it is 
useless to go into details in regard to this Act. 
Said road is now a ''free county road." 

Chapter 1657 diverts the taxes raised under 
an Act to finish public buildings to aid for 
building turnpikes in Lewis County. It also 
authorizes a poll tax of three dollars on all 
citizens over twenty-one years of age, which, 
after paying ordinary county expenses, is to 
be in aid of the roads. And in order to avoid 
a separate Act for each road, it was enacted 
herein that each mile of turnpike road building 

202 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

in Lewis County shall have one thousand dollars 
in bonds of the county in aid of its construction. 

Chapter 1662 is an Act to protect birds and 
game in Lewis County. It is unlawful under this 
Act to pursue, kill, or hunt, or in any manner 
injure any birds commonly known as the blue- 
bird, swallow, martin, robin, wren, or any 
other bird whatsoever, at any season of the 
year, or at any time, or under any circum- 
stances, without the consent of the owner of 
the lands. The Act also makes it unlawful to 
hunt for other game mentioned on the premises 
of another without his consent, and makes it a 
fineable offense to offer such game, so taken 
from the premises of another. 

Chapter 1725 incorporates the Cabin Creek 
Road Company, which was to build a road 
from the C. & T. Road, down Cabin Creek to 
the Mason County line. Lender this charter 
the road was built. The commissioners were 
Asa McNeil, D. M. Dunbar, Thomas Hender- 
son, Geo. W. Rowland, John H. Reganstine, 
Alex. McKensie, A. J. Hendrickson, John D. 
Tully, and Wm. Fenwick. 

Chapter 1726 is an Act to amend the charter 
of the Mason and Lewis Turnpike Road Com- 
pany. It authorizes the company to extend 
their road from Burtonville to Kinniconnick 
Creek, in Lewis Count3% and to connect with 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 203 

roads in Fleming County, if expedient. It 
authorizes more taxes, but the road has never 
reached Kinny yet. (A. D. 1896.) 

Acts of 1870: Chapter 882 amends the 
law in regard to stockholders paying taxes of 
the V. S. L. T. & M. Road. It requires stock- 
holders of said road living between Cabin Creek 
and the Mason County line to pay taxes just 
the same as non-shareholders. 

Chapter 986 repeals an Act allowing voters 
of school district No. 46 to vote on a proposition 
to levy a tax. 

Chapter 755 authorizes the Vanceburg, Salt 
Lick, Tollesboro, and Maysville Turnpike Road 
Company to borrow money, issue bonds, etc., 
in order to complete the road to the Mason 
County line. The act also requires the county 
judge to issue a bond of one thousand dollars 
as fast as each mile was completed. It also 
authorized the companj^ to establish a tollgate 
within one mile of the court-house in Vance- 

Chapter 759 incorporates the Fleming and 
Lewis County Turnpike Road Company. 

Said turnpike road has not been built. 

Cabin Creek, Sand Hill, and Manchester 
Road. John Sullivan, Robert Hoop, Geo. W. 
List, James Nash, David Craig, Andrew Wilson, 
Geo. M. Tolle, Thos. Biggar, Ellis Tucker, 

204 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

John T. Hendrickson, and David W. Fearis, 

This road has been built, and several 
branches, as stated in another place in this 

Chapter 723 incorporates the Vanceburg 
Male and Female Academy. The trustees ap- 
pointed by the act are G. M. Thomas, W. C. 
Halbert, Thos. D. Parker, Thos. W. Mitchell, 
Geo. Little, Henry C. Bruce, James R. Gar- 
land, Andrew Smalley, Thos. B. Harrison, 
John Armstrong, and John C. Ingrim. They 
were authorized to levy a tax. The trustees 
had the right to appoint a faculty and w^ere to 
keep a number of professors in the several 

This was the beginning of the public school 
building which now is the sole property of the 
Vanceburg Common School District. There 
are other Acts, hereinafter produced, which 
brought about the effect. 

Chapter 749 amends the charter of the 
Cabin Creek Road Company, and allows them 
to levy a tax of fifty cents on each one hundred 
dollars worth of property within one-half mile 
on each side of said road. Provided, the tax- 
payers should assent. 

Chapter 350 authorizes the Lewis and 
Mason Road Company to charge the same 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 205 

tolls as charged by the Maysville, Orangeburg, 
and Mt. Carmel Turnpike Road Company. 

Chapter 580 extends the Concord and 
Tollesboro Road to Mt. Carmel, and changes 
the title accordingly. 

Chapter 685 charters the Cabin Creek, 
Sand Hill, and Manchester Turnpike Road 
Company, with a capital stock of $30,000. 
The following commissioners were appointed to 
open books: Headly Harrison, D. M. Dunbar, 
Thos. M. Fry, Pascal Vawter, T. H. West, 
Thos. J. Himes, Jacob P. Mower. 

Acts of 1871: Chapter 1302 is an Act 
authorizing William L. Fitch to be granted 
license to practice law before he had attained 
to the legal age. 

Chapter 1303 is an Act authorizing a tax 
for a bridge fund in Lewis County, not more 
than ten nor less than five cents to be laid on 
the one hundred dollars. 

Chapter 1294 is an amendment to the 
Concord and Tollesboro Road. Authorizes the 
county judge, under certain conditions, to issue 
bond, to each mile, of one thousand dollars. 

Chapter 1403 is an amendment to the Act 
incorporating the Vanceburg Male and Female 
Academy. It releases personal property from 
taxation, and changes the schoolhouse to a 
house for the common school of the district. 

206 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

The house must not cost over four thousand 
dollars. The tax on real estate and the poll 
tax was extended to the whole school district 
outside of the city as well as in it. 

Chapter 1519 requires all the turnpike road 
companies to make settlement with the County 
Court, showing an itemized account of all re- 
ceipts and expenditures, annually. The first 
settlement must show all receipts and expendi- 
tures from the commencement of their work on 
the road. The county clerk is required to keep 
a record of the same. This act was approved 
March 13, 1871. 

Chapter 1571 amends the Concord and 
Tollesboro Road charter by allowing the com- 
pany to issue bonds of the road and sell the 
same at par, to aid in the construction of the 
road. The taxes and tolls, after paying for 
repairs, were to be applied in payment of said 
bonds. This Act also requires the company to 
settle with the County Court. These bonds 
were issued, and finally got the people and the 
purchasers into trobule. 

Chapter 1596 amends the charter of the 
Cabin Creek, Sand Hill, & Manchester Road 
Compam^ Allows them to issue bonds, borrow 
money to the extent of six thousand dollars, 
and pledge the bonds in payment with ten per 
cent interest attached in coupons, secured by 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 207 

mortgage on the road, its taxes, and tolls till 
the same is paid. 

Chapter 1636 incorporates the Quick's Run 
and Sout's Landing Turnpike Road Company, 
and appoints F. M. Carr and James Stout as 
commissioners to receive subscriptions to the 
stock, the capital being authorized at $50,000. 

Chapter 1638 incorporates the town of 
Tollesboro in the following language: "That 
the town of Tollesboro, of Lewis County, be, 
and the same is hereby, established and in- 
corporated under the name of the "Town of 
Tollesboro," w4th the following boundaries, to 
wit: The eastern boundary to run w^ith the 
farthest limits of T. J. Barkley's farm; the 
western boundarj^ with the farthest limits of 
Lewis Middleton's farm; and the northern and 
southern boundaries running parallel with the 
Vanceburg and Tollesboro Turnpike, extending 
one quarter of a mile on each side of the pike." 

Sec. 2.— That W. N. Wallingford, Geo. W. 
Jordon, and W. B. Perkins are hereby appointed 
trustees of said town, to hold their offices until 
trustees are elected or appointed and qualified 
as their successors, under the general law regu- 
lating towns established by County Courts. 

Sec. 3. — That all power conferred by law 
on trustees of towns established as aforesaid 
are hereby conferred on the said trustees and 

208 History of Leicis County, Kentucky 

their successors; and, in addition thereto, they 
shall have exclusive, and full, and complete 
power to regulate or prohibit the sale of spir- 
ituous, vinous, or malt liquors by tavern 
keepers, coffee house keepers, merchants, or 
others, within said town. 

Sec. 4. — This Act shall not relieve the 
Vanceburg and Tollesboro Turnpike Road Com- 
pany from the duty of keeping up their road 
through said town, nor prevent the said com- 
pany from charging toll as heretofore. 

Sec. 5. — This Act shall take effect from its 

Acts of 1872: Chapter 46 is an act ap- 
propriating part of the public school money of 
district No. 8, in Vanceburg, to a school taught 
under the patronage of W. C. Halbert, and the 
rest to a school taught in the Methodist Church, 
under the direction of the trustees of said 

This Act was repealed by the same session 
in Chapter 489. As Mr. Halbert had received 
part of said money before the Act was repealed, 
suit was brought by Jos. A. Sparks, commissioner 
of common schools, for the recovery of said 
money. The suit was decided in favor of the 

Chapter 208 is an amendment to the charter 
of V. S. L. T. & M. Road, and limits the land 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 209 

subject to taxation from Bertram's farm, on 
Salt Lick, to Esculapia. 

Chapter 293 incorporates the Cabin Creek 
Turnpike Road Company, and appoints J. E. 
Hall, Geo. W. Rowland, John D. Tully, and 
Robert Gillespie as commissioners to open 
books and receive subscriptions. 

This is the charter under which the road was 

Chapter 772 appropriates $140.25 to the 
keeping of two lunatics in the Lewis County 
jail, and authorizes the payment of the same to 
Lewis Plummer, jailer of Lewis County. 

Chapter 825 amends the charter of Cabin 
Creek, Sand Hill, and Manchester Road. It 
allows the company to issue bonds and borrow 
money in the sum of $12,000. 

Chapter 968 amends the charter of the town 
of Quincy. This Act extends the limits of the 
town to Kinny Creek, and prohibits the sale of 
liquor in said town. 

Chapter 969 regulates the payment of turn- 
pike taxes so as to be paid to the treasurers 
of said roads in Lewis County, and if not paid 
before November must be listed with the 
sheriff of the county. 

Chapter 981 directs the auditor to draw 
his warrant on the treasurer for the sum of 
fifty dollars, in favor of John P. McAndrews, 


210 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

for conveying Lewis Kirk, a lunatic, to the 
as^^lum, at Lexington, Ky. 

Acts of 1873: Chapter 150 releases the 
sheriff of Lewis County from collecting taxes 
for the Lewis and Mason Turnpike Road Com- 
pany, and authorizes the company to appoint a 

Chapter 169 authorizes the Vanceburg Male 
and Female Academy to sell part or all of the 
land purchased by them, and to buy five acres 
more land, if all is sold, and to use the proceeds 
in the erection of building; and also to use 
$634.95 of money proceeds of former seminary 
land belonging to Lewis County, which was in 
the hands of W. C. Halbert. ' The land and 
building not to cost more than $10,000. 

Chapter 198 reduces the county levy from 
three dollars to two dollars per tithe, and re- 
quires the sheriff to return his delinquent list 
of 1871 and 1872 to the county clerk, who 
shall record the same and list them with officers 
for collection. 

Chapter 199 authorizes the Lewis County 
Court of Claims to levy an ad valorem tax of 
ten cents on the one hundred dollars worth of 
property for the purpose of repairing or building 
a new jail, and purchasing a lot for the site 
thereof. The court was also directed to use 
the money due the county from Samuel Ellis, 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 211 

late sheriff, in furtherance of this object. The 
act allows bonds to be issued and the tax thus 
anticipated, but pledges it in payment of the 
bonds if so issued. 

Chapter 215 issues the bonds of Lewis 
County for one thousand dollars to build a 
bridge across Salt Lick Creek, at Bertram's 
farm, on the Salt Lick, Esculapia, and Mt. 
Carmel Road. 

Chapter 289 legalizes the Acts of a special 
term of the Lewis County Court, held June 28, 

Chapter 291 legalizes an order made by 
W. S. Parker, acting as special judge of Lewis 
County, in favor of J. R. Garland, and author- 
izes the sheriff, who has paid said order, to be 
allowed the same in his settlement. 

Chapter 313 authorizes the County Court to 
make an allowance to the Circuit Court clerk 
for cross indexing the suits in the Circuit Court. 
The Act states that hereafter the claim shall 
be allowed annually. 

Chapter 451 authorizes R. B. Lovel, late 
sheriff, to list his fee bill and tax receipts with 
the constables for collection, gives the con- 
stables same power in collecting as held by the 
sheriff, and makes them liable on their bond 
for such collections as shall be made. 

1873 — Vol. 2: Chapter 531. — All taxpayers 

212 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

on any turnpike road may pay their taxes to 
the collectors of said road on or before the first 
day of November in each year; but if not so 
paid they shall be listed with the sheriff, and 
ten per cent added. 

Chapter 532 compelled the tavern keepers 
to pay a license of from fifty to one hundred 
dollars to the trustees of the Vanceburg Male 
and Female Academy for the privilege of selling 
ardent spirits to people outside of the city 
limits. Said money was to be used in building 
the schoolhouse. 

Chapter 555 defines the limits of the fifth 
ward in the c\ij of Vanceburg. 

Chapter 563 authorizes the court to increase 
the ad valorem taxes fifty cents on one hundred 
dollars, and appropriates the same to the pay- 
ment of the county debts. It also requires the 
county clerk to procure a book and make an 
entry of all the bonds issued by the county, 
the date and amount thereof, and the road issued 
to, and when due; the clerk shall furnish the 
sheriff, each year, the bonds due in that year, 
and the sheriff shall pay the bonds in the order 
they fall due. The additional taxation author- 
ized by this Act shall first be used in paying 
bonds hereafter issued, and the taxes so collected 
shall be pledged to redeem the bonds hereafter 
issued, and the bonds shall draw ten per cent 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 213 

interest, payable annually. The bonds here- 
after issued shall be used in aid of turnpike 
roads and bridges, and are to be paid in the 
order in which they fall due. 

Chapter 589 authorizes the Cabin Creek 
Turnpike Company to cross Cabin Creek at 
\Ym. Henderson's, and requires the county to 
subscribe one thousand dollars to aid in build- 
ing the bridge. 

Chapter 603 authorizes Lewis County to 
subscribe fifteen hundred dollars to the stock of 
the Cabin Creek, Sand Hill, and Manchester 
Road for the purpose of building bridges across 
Cabin Creek and Crooked Creek in the line of 
said road. 

Chapter 619 authorizes the Lewis County 
Court to subscribe two thousand dollars to build 
bridges on the line of the Vanceburg, Salt Lick, 
Tollesboro, and Maysville Turnpike Road. The 
company was given the right to appoint an 
assessor, who must return his book to the 
County Court for revision, etc. 

All laws exempting stockholders from paying 
taxes were repealed by this Act, and after the 
road should be completed the president is to 
be allowed fifty dollars per year as salary. 
The directors have their toll free during their 
continuance in office. 

Chapter 673 gives the Concord Road their 

£14 History of Lewis County, Kentucl^y 

bridge grub of one thousand dollars from the 
county, and authorizes the company to issue 
bonds of said road to two thousand dollars per 
mile, and pledges the taxes to be collected for 
payment. This Act also allows the company 
to charge persons hauling logs w ith double team 
£i double toll. 

Chapter 866. — An Act for the benefit of 
Lewis Plummer, jailer of Lewis County, pays 
him seventy-nine dollars out of the treasury of 
the State. 

Chapter 1019 gives the Kinny Bridge on the 
V. Q. & Springville Pike the usual one thousand 
dollars from the county, but authorizes the 
court to appoint commissioners to put the 
money in the bridge. 

Chapter 1021 is an amendment to the 
Vanceburg and Quick's Run Road charter, but 
the main point is to get three thousand dollars 
from the county to build a bridge across Salt 
Lick Creek. Said bridge is built. 

Chapter 1056 releases R. B. Lovel from a 
five per cent assessment of $156.65 against him 
by the auditor, he having paid into the treasury 
the full amount of the revenue due the State 
from him for the year 1871. 

Acts of 1874: Chapter 28 prohibits the 
Cabin Creek Turnpike Company from col- 
lecting taxes off people who have been assessed 
by the Concord Road Company. 

History of Leuns County, Kentucky 215 

Chapter 119 is an Act to regulate the sale 
of liquor in Lewis County. It requires that no 
less quantity than two gallons shall be sold. 
It was voted on and approved by the people 
November, 1874. 

This stopped the open sale of liquor in Vance- 
burg, until 1876, when a new city charter was 
granted admitting the sale and placing the 
money to the credit of the city schools. Judge 
Hargis, of the Criminal Court, decided that the 
granting of license against the expressed voice 
of the people at the polls was illegal and void. 
And this closed the bar-rooms again until an 
Act was passed allowing the citizens of Vance- 
burg to vote on the proposition of license, 
March 1, 1880. "For license " won by a majority 
of 29, and since that time the "dispensaries" 
have been open. 

Chapter 143 amends the Vanceburg, Dry 
Run, and Kinniconnick Turnpike Road Com- 
pany. Changes the tax to be levied to five 
cents per acre on lands lying along the road, 
etc. (Page 178, Acts of 1873-74.) 

Chapter 173 gives Seth Parker, Samuel 
Ellis, and R. B. Lovel, late sheriffs of Lewis 
County, two years more time to collect fee 
bills, etc. 

Chapter 213 amends an Act in regard to the 
county levy in aid of turnpikes, makes the taxes 
collected under this levy subject to the pay- 

216 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

ment of the county indebtedness already in- 
curred, and prohibits its use otherwise. The 
county judge is to appoint a turnpike commis- 
sion under this Act, who is to inspect all roads 
that are reported built, or parts thereof. 

Chapter 243 advertises sales of real estate or 
personal property by the sheriff, under execu- 
tion from the court, all notices of the sittings of 
Master Commissioner for settlement of the 
estate of deceased persons in the Vanceburg 

Chapter 282 exempts "Riverside Academy" 
in Vanceburg, from all city, county, and local 
taxes for the year 1874. 

Chapter 380 appropriates the money for 
tavern license — fifty dollars — for the use of 
the common school in the town of Concord. 

Chapter 25 amends the charter of the Con- 
cord and Tollesboro Turnpike Road. It pro- 
hibits teamsters from "rough locking" their 
wagons, and requires them to use a "rub lock." 

This Act also authorizes the County Court, 
if petitioned by the taxpayers, to levy fifty 
cents additional on the one hundred dollars to 
pay off the bonds at sixty cents on the dollar. 
The taxpayers probably did not petition, as 
the bonds were the cause of several suits, and 
finally the road reverted to the county for the 
stock it held in it. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 217 

Chapter 30 makes the special taxes listed 
with the sheriff in favor of the Cabin Creek 
Turnpike Road, due and payable on the first 
day of February following the time of listing. 

Acts of 1875-76: Chapter 45 amends an 
amendment to the Concord Road, makes all 
fines collect payable to the treasurer of the 

Chapter 145.- — An Act for the benefit of 
Madison Thomas, appropriating three hundred 
dollars for the support of a lunatic. 

Chapter 272 prohibits a greater interest 
than six per cent on any future bonds of the 
county, appropriates the taxes of thirty cents 
on one hundred dollars exclusively to the pay- 
ment of the turnpike bonds and interest; 
prohibits a greater levy than five cents on the 
one hundred dollars for bridges, except by the 
unanimous consent of the magistrates, but in no 
case to exceed ten cents. All claims are to be 
paid out of the county levy, unless otherwise 
specially provided for, the county levy to be 
due on the 31st day of December, of each year. 
Other taxes due, one-half on December 31st 
and one-half on April 1st. Statement of all 
moneys collected the previous year to be made 
by the county judge on June 1st and published 
in the county paper. 

Chapter 692 reduces into one all the Acts 

218 History of Lewis County, Kentuclcy 

in regard to the city of \ anceburg. This chapter 
leaves the boundary " the same as heretofore, 
lays the city off into five wards, makes the 
officers consist of a mayor, nine councilmen, 
marshal, city attorney, assessor, collector, and 
treasurer, city clerk, street commissioner, 
ganger and weigher, coal and wood inspector. 
The mayor and council are to be elected by the 
people, for one year, and the others appointed 
by the council. 

This is the famous charter which contained 
the license clause — Section 22 — and which was 
decided illegal by Judge Hargis. 

It is also the charter under which the city 
was governed imtil 1891. Having been super- 
ceded, it is too long to copy for its worth to 
this volume. It can be found on page 433, 
Acts of 1876, Vol. 2. 

Chapter 776 incorporates the Tollesboro 
Cemetery Company. The incorporators are 
Dr. Nesbitt Taylor, W. N. Wallingford, Isaiah 
Grigsby, James Barkley, Alex. M. Rummins, 
and Maudly Trussell. 

Acts of 1878: Chapter 87 authorizes the 
trustees in school district No. 26 to report a 
four month school instead of five, and to re- 
ceive the money for same. 

Chapter -135 amends the charter of Vance- 
burg by making the city attorney, marshal. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 219 

street commissioner, and assessor elective offices 
by the qualified voters. 

Chapter 501 authorizes the Lewis County 
Court to sell the "poorhouse farm," and to buy 
other property. This Act was approved March 
16, 1878, and under it the poorhouse was re- 
moved to Kinniconnick. 

Chapter 558. — An Act to incorporate "The 
Woodland Cemetery Association," of Vance- 
burg, in Lewis County. 

The incorporators are H. C. Bruce, S. Rug- 
gles, L. B. Baird, T. B. Harrison, T. B. Strick- 
lett, J. W. Darrow, James R. Pugh, John C. 
Ingrim, T. W. Mitchell, and W. C. Halbert, Jr. 

The beautiful cemetery on the hill above 
Vanceburg is the result of this Act. 

Chapter 760. — Be it enacted, that the turn- 
pike laws of Lewis County be so amended as to 
require all persons holding evidences of indebt- 
edness against the Cabin Creek, Sand Hill, and 
Manchester Turnpike Road Company be re- 
quired to produce such evidences of indebted- 
ness to the County Court of Lewis County, on 
three months' notice, to be given by the county 
judge of said county, by posting a written notice 
on the front door of the court-house of Lewis 
County, and by publishing said notice in the 
Vanceburg Courie)' and Maysville Bulletin for 
at least three months. 

220 History of Leiois County, Kentucky 

Said evidences of indebtedness, when pro- 
duced, shall be registered upon the record book 
of said court, and any person failing to produce 
any evidences of indebtedness as above, shall 
forfeit their right to any interest they now be 
entitled to receive on said evidences of in- 

Sec. 2. — This Act to take effect and be in 
force from and after its passage. 

This Act was never advertised, as it requires. 
Perhaps it was un-Constitutional in that it 
aimed to vitiate a contract. 

Chapter 763 is an Act to amend the charter 
of the Cabin Creek, Sand Hill, and Manchester 
Road. It reduces the officers from five to two. 

Chapter 929. — An Act appropriating five 
hundred dollars to W. T. Warder, sheriff, and 
to the family of John Ruggles for the capture 
of Jesse Underwood. We give a full account of 
this in another chapter. 

Chapter 962 authorizes the State treasurer 
to pay H. T. Warder, sheriff of Lewis County, 
$37.50 on account of payment made by him to 
Edward Stone, committee of Laural Stone, a 
pauper idiot. 

Chapter 1031 changes the time of holding 
the Criminal Court. In Lewis County it is to 
be the fourth Monday in June and third 
Monday in November in each year. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 221 

Acts of 1879: Makes W. R. Hull, John 
McCormick, James Thomas, Isaiah Grigsby, 
J. Win Parker, S. G. Hillis, Geo. W. Davis, 
S. D. Gardner, M. W. Wallingford, and all other 
persons who may hereafter hold policies in this 
corporation, in the manner herein prescribed, 
be, and are hereby incorporated, etc. 

This was a mutual, pro rata assessment 
company, and, of course, went to the wall after 
a few barns were burned and assessments made. 

Chapter 150 gives the County Court power 
to grant tavern license to sell ardent spirits 
in the city of Vanceburg. 

Chapter 202 gives the taxpayers on the 
C. & T. Turnpike Road until the first of De- 
cember to pay their tax. 

Chapter 422 authorizes the Court of Claims 
in Lewis County to levy an ad valorem tax of 
ten cents on one hundred dollars worth of 
property for county purposes, and to raise the 
levy of poll tax to two dollars. 

Chapter 605 permits persons whose lands 
have been sold for taxes due the Vanceburg, 
Dry Run, and Kinniconnick Turnpike Road to 
redeem same within twelve months from date 
of sale, by the party paying to the purchaser 
the amount of purchase money and ten per 
cent interest on the same. 

Chapter 711 appropriates thirty -four dollars 

222 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

to T. B. Bullock, late deputy sheriff of Lewis 
County. The Act does not say what the ap- 
propriation was for. 

Chapter 775 repeals part of an Act in re- 
gard to selling liquors in Lewis County — in- 
sofar as it refers to the town of Concord. The 
Act requires the trustees to take a vote as to 
♦ whether the citizens want liquor sold ; and, if they 
do, then the vendor is to pay Miy dollars 
license fee to go into the school fund. 

Chapter 781.^ — Amendment to the city 
charter of Vanceburg. Allows the officer to 
take out his fees from rhj fine paid first, and the 
remainder to be credited to the fine imposed. 

Chapter 792 authorizes the trustees of the 
Vanceburg Common School District to issue 
bonds to finish the schoolhouse begun by the 
Vanceburg Male and Female Academy. Also 
a tax of fifty cents on the one hundred dollars 
worth of realty, beginning with the year 1880, 
and to continue till the house is paid for. The 
bonds were to be signed by the county clerk, 
and taxes to be paid out by him — some more 
lame legislation. 

Chapter 930. — An Act for the benefit of 
J. W. Parker, or rather of school district No. 30, 
Avhose trustees had failed to list forty-two 
pupils. The Act directs the auditor to pay said 
Parker, as teacher, $8 LOG. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 223 

Chapter 1168 amends Sec. "l^ of the Vance- 
burg City Charter, by substituting "Common 
School Commissioner" for "Treasurer." This 
is in regard to tavern Hcense fees to sell whisky 
in Vanceburg. 

Chapter 1174. — An Act for the benefit of 
H. T. Warder, sheriff, allowing him to list his 
fee bills with the officers. 

Chapter 1188 gives justices of the peace 
jurisdiction in all cases where the matter in 
controversy, exclusive of interests and costs, 
does not exceed one hundred dollars. 

Chapter 1292 relates to advertising by 
master commissioners and sheriffs, and fixes 
the times and rates therefor. 

Chapter 1294 fixes a fine for "dead locking" 
and injuring the Vanceburg, Dry Run, and 
Kinny Turnpike. 

Chapter 1304 authorizes Lewis County to 
construct a bridge across Salt Lick Creek on the 
line of the Vanceburg, Salt Lick, and Tolles- 
boro Turnpike Road, at the Caine's farm; issue 
bonds, more taxes, ten cents on the one hundred 
dollars, and the county to have stock to the 
amount invested in the bridge. 

Acts of 1881: Chapter 123 makes the 
Laurel Fork of Kinny a "navigable stream" 
below the mouth of Grass^^ 

Chapter 781 incorporates the "Kinnicon- 

224 History of Leans County, Kentucky 

nick Creek Turnpike Road Company," with 
L. A. Muleer, Wm. Hardy, Jonathan Easham, 
Samuel McEldowney, Joseph D. Rredden as 
the incorporators. This Act repeals that part 
of the Vanceburg, Dry Run, and Kinny Road 
as should cover the same ground as this charter. 

Chapter 791. — This is the Act which finally 
transferred the Male and Female Academy to 
the trustees of the common school, in Vanceburg. 
The "whereas" shows that, beside paying for 
the lot, the building cost about seven thousand 
dollars. Being still in debt, at the passage of the 
Act, in the sum of six thousand dollars, the 
trustees were authorized to levj^ a tax of one 
dollar on each one hundred dollars worth of 
property subject to taxation for State revenue, 
lying in the district, and to continue said tax 
till the debt was paid. The school is to be 
free to all children at least five months each year, 
and is to receive the public school money, to- 
gether with fines and liquor license fees, etc. 

The trustees have power to have a higher 
grade school taught after the five months' free 
school, and to regulate the attendance, tuition, 
and course of study therein. The name and 
title of the school is the "Vanceburg Public 
School and Seminar3^" Thej^ also have the 
right to select teachers, same as the common 
school trustees of other districts. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 225 

Chapter 874 is the charter of the Vance- 
burg and Concord Turnpike Road Company. 
The incorporators are L. B. Baird, John Moore, 
John Monteith, Thos. J. Bruce, F. M. Carr, 
Lewis B. Ruggles, and L. A. Grimes. This road 
is to run from Vanceburg, down the Ohio River, 
to Concord. Two and one-half miles of it have 
recently been built, from Vanceburg to Quick's 
Run Creek. 

Chapter 900 is the incorporation of "River- 
side Male and Female Seminary," at Vance- 
burg, Ky. The principal, H. K. Taylor, and 
trustees, Samuel J. Pugh, A. H. Parker, H. C. 
Bruce, L. B. Piersal, T. B. Harrison, Dr. J. M. 
Wells, A. L. McKay, and F. M. Taylor, are 
mentioned in the Act. The institution has the 
right to confer degrees of "Maid of Science," 
"Bachelor of Science," "Maid of Arts," "Bach- 
elor of Arts," and further honorary degree for 
a three years' course in literature. 

Chapter 1217 incorporates the Vanceburg, 
Quincy, and Springville Turnpike Company. 
Geo. T. Halbert, Isaac Voiers, A. P. Frizzell, 
Leonidas Darragh, A. I. Yancy, A. F. Moore, 
W. W. Agnew, and B. F. Branham were men- 
tioned as incorporators. 

Chapter 1332 amends the Vanceburg city 
charter. Gives the treasurer only three months 


226 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

after his successor is qualified to make complete 
settlement with the city. 

Chapter 863 is the charter of the Tolesboro 
and Mt. Carmel Turnpike Road Company. 
A. D. Pollitt, Isaiah Grigsby, J. Win Parker, 
A. H. Pollitt, James Thomas, G. W. Reader 
are appointed commissioners to open books, etc. 

Chapter 1149.— J. Win Parker, R. W. Pol- 
litt, and G. P. Bane, and their successors be, 
and are hereby incorporated, under the name 
and style of Robert M. Owens Lodge, No. 588, 
of Free and Accepted Masons. This lodge has 
built a neat house at Tollesboro. 

Chapter 1271 incorporates the Tollesboro 
and Esculapia Road. James Toncray, Jackson 
Teager, Thos. Ruggles, Hiram Warder, James 
Hull, and William Jones are the incorporated 
board of directors. 

Chapter 836 is an act to establish a road 
law in Lewis County, but we think it has been 
superseded by another General Statute law, and 
is, therefore, unimportant. 

Chapter 840 is the incorporation and charter 
of Poplar Flat and Indian Run Turnpike Road 
Company. Thompson Henderson, Horace Ap- 
plegate, George Herron, Moses Ruggles, Aaron 
Hamlin were constituted a board to act until' 
the first election. 

This road has been built. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 227 

Chapter 1197 amends the Act authorizing 
the sale of the poorhouse farm. This Act re- 
quires the court to levy and collect taxes 
authorized in the former Act, before the farm 
is bought, so as to have the money ready. 

Chapter 1165. — An Act for the benefit of 
John F. Pollitt. It authorizes the payment 
of $28.95 out of the school fund belonging to 
Lewis County. 

Chapter 992. — Because S. H. Parker, as- 
sessor of Lewis County, had his book and blotter 
destroyed by fire on the 7th day of February, 
1882, and thereby lost over five hundred lists, 
he is allowed thirty days additional time to 
make up his book to be returned to the auditor, 
and is allowed fifty dollars additional pay for 
the extra service in remaking the book. 

Chapter 1320.— The Court of Claims of 
Lewis County is by this Act authorized to levy 
ten cents tax on the one hundred dollars to 
build a bridge across Kinny, at the upper 
Blankenship Ford. The bridge is built. 

Acts of 1883-84: Chapter 6. — An Act in 
relation to a bridge over Salt Lick Creek at 
Vanceburg. Authorizes a tax and bonds for 
the purpose. 

Chapter 56 incorporates St. Mary's Lodge 
of Free and Accepted Masons, at Concord. 
R. M. Owens, S. G. Hillis, L. A. Grimes, 

228 History of Leiois County, Kentucky 

B. T. Wells, and John Freeman are the incor- 

Chapter 56 enacts that John D. Tully, 
Amos Means, Mandley Trussell, and J. W. 
Tully be created a body politic and corporate, 
by the name of "The Ebenezer Cemetery As- 
sociation, of Lewis County." 

Chapter 60 enacts that John M. Myers, 
Benjamin Biven, S. G. Hillis, James H. Barkley, 
and the present trustees of East Fork Christian 
Church be, and are, created a body politic and 
corporate under the name of "The East Fork 
Cemetery Association." 

Chapter 59 enacts that B. T. Wells, S. G. 
Hillis, L. A. Grimes, W. Traber, Jas. H. Gar- 
rett, William Sparks, and J. T. Hines be, and 
are, created a body politic and corporate by 
the name of "The Concord Lodge, No. 260, 
I. O. O. F. 

Chapter 156. — An Act for the benefit of 
J. Win Parker. Gives him $81.06 as teacher, 
and repeals a former Act for the same purpose. 

Chapter 248 establishes the Vanceburg 
Deposit Bank, and appoints Geo. M. Thomas, 
Socrates Ruggles, Wm. M. Bireley, A. H. 
Parker, and W. C. Halbert commissioners to 
open books and receive subscriptions to the 
capital stock of said bank, which is $25,000. 
The stock was subscribed, and the bank 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 229 

established, and is in good condition and all 
O. K. 

Chapter 448, for the benefit of Mrs. J. K. 
Carr, appropriates $35.75 to finish paying her as 
teacher, in district No. 14, because the trustees 
failed to properl}^ take the census. 

Chapter 541 amends the Act incorporating 
the Tollesboro and Mt. Carmel Turnpike by 
extending the time to take subscriptions to 
July, 1884. 

Chapter 584 amends the Vanceburg and 
Quincy Turnpike by making said road begin in 
the center of the bridge in Slate Creek. And, 
it seems, it also ends there. 

Chapter 558 amends the Mason and Lewis 
Turnpike Company by allowing a branch road 
to be built from Beech Lick, via Mrs. R. H. 
Lee's, Mrs. Man Davis', and to Farrow's mills. 
Lewis County to take one thousand dollars per 
mile stock. 

Chapter 477 amends the Cabin Creek, Sand 
Hill, and Manchester Road; allows a branch 
road up East Fork to the C. & T. Road, near 
Salem Church. The road has been built. 

Chapter 624. — Another "oversight "in the 
trustees in district No. 2 causes this Act to be 
passed by the Legislature in order to secure 
$44.33 to the district. 

Chapter 709 amends the charter to the city 

230 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

of Vanceburg; first, by making the marshal 
perform the duty of street commissioner, and 
secondly, making a "qualified voter" in said 
city only those who had paid the poll tax. 

Chapter 750 incorporates the Poplar Flat, 
Indian Run, and Salt Lick Turnpike Road 
Company. Geo. W. Hevin, Alex. Harrison, 
Horace Applegate, W. K. Hampton, Thompson 
Henderson, and A. J. Hendrickson are the in- 
corporators. The road is built. 

Chapter 858 releases J. W. McNeal from 
State and county taxes on account of his being 
a paralytic. 

Chapter 1052 gives the Vanceburg public 
school trustees to issue more bonds and levy 
taxes to protect the school property on the 
river front. 

Chapter 1421 amends the Tollesboro and 
Esculapia Road charter by authorizing a county 
subscription of one thousand dollars to the 
mile when the road is let to contractors and 
one mile is made. Books were to be opened prior 
to September 1, 1884. Said road has never been 

Chapter 1577 levies a tax of twenty-five 
cents on the one hundred dollars worth of all 
taxable property in V. S. L. T. & M. Road 
district, for the purpose of building approaches 
to the bridge at Caine's farm, on Salt Lick 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 231 

Acts of 1885-86: Chapter 28 repeals an 
Act of May, 1884, in regard to levying a tax 
on the people along the line of the V. S. L. T. 
& M. Road, to build approaches to a bridge. 

Chapter 149 authorizes the County Court 
to build a bridge across Kinny, near the mouth 
of Trace, and to issue bonds and levy a tax to 
pay the same. 

Chapter 282 authorizes the Lewis County 
Court to appropriate out of the bridge fund, 
and pay to the officers of Cabin Creek, Sand 
Hill, and Manchester Road Companj^ the sum 
of one thousand dollars for the purpose of 
erecting two bridges on said road. 

Chapter 291 authorizes the Poplar Flat, 
Indian Run, and Salt Lick Road Company to 
elect officers as soon as two hundred dollars 
is subscribed. 

Chapter 433 incorporates the Esculapia 
Springs Company. W. F. Jones, W. W. Bean, 

A. R. Mullins, J. W. Baldridge, John Gates, 

B. A. Wallingford, Geo. T. Hunter, Joseph 
Power, Harvey Parker are the incorporators. 

Chapter 438 directs the judge of Lewis 
County Court to issue bonds of the county in 
the sum of six thousand dollars, and subscribe 
same to the stock of the Maysville and Big 
Sandy Railroad Company, said bond to be 

232 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

issued in paying for the right of way in Lewis 
or other counties. The bond shall draw interest 
at six per cent, and a tax of five cents on each 
one hundred dollars' worth of property is levied 
to pay them. Chapter 969 of the same session 
amends this Act by increasing the bonds to 

Chapter 550 enacts that the trustees of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, in Vanceburg, 
may convey lot No. 48 to T. M. Games, S. 
Ruggles, B. W. Parker, Alfred Harrison, and 
L. B. Piersal, and their successors, in trust for 
the benefit of said Church. 

Chapter 686 provides that a fee of ten 
cents for each suit entered on the general and 
cross index to suits in the Lewis Quarterly 
Court. This claim is to be allowed the county 
clerk each year. 

Chapter 807 incorporates the Sand Hill 
and Concord Turnpike Road Company. The 
incorporators are Jackson Norris, B. T. Wells, 
John M. Freeman, G. S. Doyle, and W. S. 

Chapter 880 incorporates the Manchester, 
Crooked Creek, and Covedale Turnpike Road 
Compan3\ The incorporators are A. M. Lang, 
John M. Myers, Amos Means, G. S. Doyles, 
J. H. Garrett, and Jas. G. Wilson. 

Chapter 899 amends the Cabin Creek, Sand 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 233 

Hill, and Manchester Road charter. Permits 
them to build a branch from Thos. M. Rea's, 
via Bink Gilbert's and Mrs. L. Crawford's, to 
John McCarahan's house, on Main Cabin Creek. 
Said road is allowed one thousand dollars per 
mile county subscriptions, and was built for 
that amount. 

Acts of 1887-88: Chapter 14 empowers the 
County Court of Claims to levy twenty-five 
cents instead of ten cents as per Act March 10, 

Chapter 15 authorizes the County Court to 
issue bonds and levy twenty cents on the one 
hundred dollars to build a bridge at the mouth 
of Montgomery and over the stream of Kinni- 

Chapter 278 authorizes and charters the 
Cabin Creek, East Fork, and Concord Turnpike 
Road Company. This road was to run from 
Thos. M. Rea's, on East Fork, via East Fork 
Cemetery to the C. & T. Road, near the lands 
of Jeremiah Well man. 

Cornelius Hughes, Jonathan Truesdell, Saml. 
Fry, T. M. Rea, D. H. Boyd, and F. M. Trues- 
dell were appointed commissioners, etc. This 
road was not built. 

Chapter 439 authorizes the Cabin Creek 
Road Company to build a branch road up 
Clear Creek to Tollesboro. They did not do it. 

234 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Chapter 866 amends the charter of Vance- 
burg so that the assessor shall begin his duties 
on the 10th day of September, each year. He 
shall report his completed work in November 
to the council, which shall appoint three super- 
visors. They are to report in December. The 
city clerk shall list the taxes with the collector 
by the 15th day of January. After the first 
day of May the collectors shall advertise and 
sell property for taxes, and may be redeemed 
at any time within two years by cost and thirty 
per cent interest. 

Chapter 1185 authorizes the circuit clerk 
to make a general, direct, and revised index to 
suits off the docket. 

Chapter U62 divides the V. S. L. T. & M. 
Turnpike Road into two sections, and allows the 
election of officers on each section. Section 
No. 1 extends from Vanceburg to the Cabin 
Creek bridge, including the bridges; and No. 2 
from said to the western terminus. It also 
authorizes the building of a branch road from 
Tollesboro one mile toward Richland. 

Acts of 1889-90: Chapter 143 amends the 
charter of the Quick's Run and Ohio River 
Road so that the road may run to Vanceburg, 
or to Carr's Landing, on the Ohio. 

Chapter 218, for the benefit of J. C. Wil- 
lim, sheriff, allowing him further time to make 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 235 

official bond, said right having been forfeited 
by an oversight in neglecting to obtain his 

Chapter 325 amends the title to the Cabin 
Creek, East Fork, and Concord Road, making 
said road begin at the residence of Jacob Mower 
and run along Chalk Ridge to E. F. Courtney's, 
and thence to the C. & T. Road, at the residence 
of Cooper Means. 

The usual ration of county bonds is pre- 

Chapter 373 incorporates the Kinniconnick 
and Freestone R. R. Company. The road is to 
run from the Ohio River, up Kinny and through 
Carter or Rowan Counties, to intersect the 
Lexington and Big Sand}^ R. R. 

The incorporators are all persons who be- 
come stockholders, and the commissioners to 
open books are A. H. Parker, J. W. Sweet, 
C. B. Houghton, and George W. Bruce, Jr., of 
Lewis County. 

Chapter 450 changes the boundary line of 
Lewis County as follows: "Beginning at a 
point where the line now crosses the Orange- 
bury and Tollesboro Turnpike Road; thence 
with said road east 36 rods and 10 poles to a 
corner of the lands of Samuel Hull and S. D. 
Gardener; thence with their line north 196 rods 
to a corner in the lands of Humphrey Marshall 

236 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

and S. D. Gardener; thence west with said 
Gardener's Hne 1^^ rods to its intersection with 
the present line between the two Counties of 
Mason and Lewis; all lands lying to the west 
of above named line shall hereafter be in Mason 

Chapter 463 permits the Cabin Creek Road 
Company to build a branch from Cottageville, 
in Lewis County, to Rectorville, in Mason 
County, and prescribes the usual one thousand 
dollar county bonds for both counties. 

Chapter 499 amends an Amendment to 
the V. S. L. T. & M. Road, properly naming 
the boundary of the two divisions of said road. 

Chapter 504 makes it a misdeamor finable 
in the sum of twenty-five dollars or imprison- 
ment not less than fifteen days for any person 
to take intoxicating liquor to a church or 
school. This Act applies to Lewis County and 
a few others. 

Chapter 685 amends the charter of the city 
of Vanceburg so as to allow the city to dispose 
of lands that she may own. 

Chapter 912 authorizes Lewis County to 
levy a tax of ten cents on the one hundred 
dollars for the purpose of building a bridge 
over Kinny Creek, at the mouth of McDowell. 

This Act has never been carried into effect. 

Chapter 1034 incorporates the Vanceburg 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 237 

and Stout's Lane Turnpike Road Company. 
The incorporators are W. J. Willim, B. F. 
Bradford, T. J. Bruce, John Hammond, G. K. 
Cole, J. C. Cole, E. Falls, A. H. Parker, and 
W. C. Halbert. 

Chapter 1014 makes it unlawful to vend, 
sell, loan, or give away any kind of intoxicating 
liquors within two miles of Oak Ridge Baptist 
Church, in Lewis County, or to engage in danc- 
ing within the same distance. The Act makes 
the offense a misdeamor finable from ten to 
fifty dollars. 

Chapter 1158 amends an Act for the benefit 
of county clerks, in so far as Lewis County is 
concerned. It changes fees from fifty to twenty- 
five dollars. 

Chapter 1244, for the benefit of school 
district No. 75, authorizes the trustees to levy 
a tax to build a schoolhouse. 

Chapter 1459. — Covedale and Ohio River 
Turnpike Road Company is hereby incorporated, 
with Dyas Pence, Amos Means, Isaac T. Hines, 
Henry C. Myers, and B. F. Wells as the in- 
corporators. The road is to run from Cove- 
dale to the Pence schoolhouse, on the Ohio 

Chapter 1590 authorizes Lewis County to 
levy a tax to build a bridge over Scaffold Lick, 
in Quincy Precinct. The tax authorized is 

•238 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

twenty cents on the one hundred dollars' worth 
of property in the county. 

This bridge has been built, and is an ex- 
cellent one. 

Chapter 1663 incorporates the "Petersville 
and North Fork Bridge" Turnpike Road Com- 
pany. Dyal D. Lykins, Peter D. Lykins, 
John F. Lang, Dyal Gullett, Landen C. Brown, 
Edward Becket, and Jesse Miner are the incor- 
porators. The road has been built; it was 
finished in 1895. 

Chapter 1761 amends the charter of the 
town of Quincy. Makes the election for trustees, 
police judge, and marshal to be held on the 
first Saturday in April of each year. It pro- 
hibits the sale of intoxicating liquors under any 
license except druggists', and that must be on 
prescription signed by regular practicing phy- 
sician, stating the reason therefor. From sixty 
to one hundred dollars was the fine fixed. 

Acts of 1891-92-93: This is the long session 
immediately after the adoption of the new 
"Constitution of 1890." It did not deal in 
any special legislation, except to repeal several 
local Acts. 

The new Constitution prohibits the Legis- 
lature from passing any special legislation, and, 
therefore, our chapter on "Acts" necessarily 
ends here. But before closing this chapter, we 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 239 

must say that local legislation has been the 
bane — the curse — to the State of Kentucky. 
During its existence it was impossible to tell 
whether the law in one county was the law in 
another, or whether the General Statute was not 
modified by certain legislation from being ef- 
fective in some localities; but a worse effect of 
it was that a few people in a certain locality 
wanting a turnpike road, for instance, would 
get a charter and subject the people of the whole 
county, who had no interest in their scheme, to 
pay a tax on county bonds for the benefit of 
that locality. It made the county pay taxes to 
raise capital for a corporation to do business 
on, and then give it the power to continue the 
tax by charging the public for services rendered 
from institutions produced mainly by their own 
capital. If "turnpiking" is a business done 
for profit, the profit ought to accrue to those 
who furnish the capital, but some of the roads 
have been built on the county bond alone, and 
the people who paid the taxes have also paid the 
toll, and have never received a cent in return; 
in fact, there is only one road in the county 
that ever paid a dividend, and that is the Lewis 
and Mason Road, from Burtonville to Maysville. 
We firmly believe that these roads ought to be 
turned over to the county, it being the largest 
stockholder, and made free to the use of all 
citizens of the count3\ 

Chapter IV 

Succession of Officers — List of Representatives — 
Politics — Issues in the Various Campaigns — 
Delegates to the Constitutional Conventions. 

The Constitution of 1799, under which Lewis 
County was organized, did not name a county 
judge, but the oldest magistrate presided at 
the County Courts, which were held once a 
month. George Fearis seems to have been 
that magistrate from two reasons — he signed 
the court records as presiding justice, and he 
was first appointed sheriff in the county, custom 
requiring the magistrate oldest in commission 
to be appointed. Some seem, however, to think 
Landen Calvert was first; but the evidence 
above refutes that idea. 

Landen Calvert, however, was the first 
grown person to die on Salt Lick; the date is 
not given, but I find that he was last in court 
of June 27, 1808, and his successor was ap- 
pointed in January, 1809, so that he must have 
died between those dates. The old graveyard 
where he is buried has been tuf-ned into a 
pasture, to the shame of Lewis County, be it 
said, in thus neglecting to commemorate her 
pioneers by even a decent graveyard. 

Succession of Officers: At first there 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 241 

were only two election precincts — Salt Lick and 
Ohio precincts — but the election lasted for three 
days, if any one of the candidates desired it. 
There was an election every year for the purpose 
of electing one representative in the Legislature 
and one senator. The senators, after the first 
election under the Constitution of 1799, were 
to serve four years. The first senators elected 
were divided into four classes by lot, one class 
going out each year, and a new member taking 
his place. 

There was no election of the judiciary" or 
minor offices of the county. The magistrates 
composing the County Court were appointed 
by the governor, with a "during good be- 
havior" tenure of office. There was only three 
ways to get them out — bad conduct, death, or 
promotion to sheriff. The two oldest magis- 
trates were always recommended to the gov- 
ernor by the court for sheriff, who, it seems, from 
the various appointments, held office for two 
years. There is nothing in the Constitution of 
that day in regard to his term of office, and we 
judge from the appointments made that the 
term was two years. The coroner, jailer, and 
surveyor stayed in during good behavior, unless 
they resigned, which several of our county's 
first officials in these offices did. 

The court appointed the clerk, constables, 



History of Leicis County, Kentucky 

jailer, and county attorney, and the governor 
appointed the justices, sheriff, coroner, and 
surveyor. Generally one person held both of 
the last named offices, though not always. 
When we come to consider the expanse of terri- 
tory covered by Lewis County, and think that 
it was most a wilderness untouched by the ax 
in the period of which we write (1807 to 1810), 
and that neighbors might be only ten miles 
apart, we cease to wonder that the court would 
lay off a road from Salt Lick to Washington 
(Mason County) with the same self-satisfied 
information as a Vanceburg citizen would speak 
of an alley between Second and Third Streets. 
The sparseness of population can be judged 
somewhat by the number of polls listed for 
taxation each year, from 1807 to 1820: 

1807. . . 

. Tithe.s in Lewis County 


1808. .. 


1809. . . 


1810. . . 


1811. .. 


1812. .. 




1814. . . 


1815. .. 


1816. . . 


1817. . . 


1818. . . 


1819. .. 


1820. . . 


History of Lewis County, Kentucky 243 

This included not only the white males over 
twenty-one, but also the colored people, over 
sixteen, on whom their owners had to pay taxes. 

In resuming the narrative of succession in 
office, that chapter two carried up to the June 
Court of 1809, we will begin in November, at 
the taking of the third county levy, as there 
was no change of officers or other important 
events in the interim that calls our attention. 

November Term of Court of 1809. — The third 
county levy, as shown on the record of the 
County Court, is as follows: 

382 white tithes, per $1.25 $573.00 

102 black " " " 153.00 

Taxes, etc 39.42^ 

Total $765,423^ 

Claims allowed $214,583/^ 

Balance $550.84 

April Term of Court of 1810. — Joseph Robb 
was made county clerk, Joseph B. Reid having 
followed the example of his brother. Walker 
Reid, and resigned. Walker Reid afterward 
became the noted Judge Reid, of Kentucky. 

Mr. Robb served Lewis County as clerk for 
forty-four years, and this fact is made part of 
an epitaph on his tombstone in the Clarksburg 

244 History of Leims County, Kentucky 

The fourth county levy was made in the 
October Term, 1810: 

535 tithes, at $1 $535.00 

Taxes, etc 8.68 

Total •. $543.68 

County Claims $287.44 

Balance $256.24 

The sheriff's salary was $40.00 

The county attorney's salary was 34.00 

The Commonwealth attorney's salary 

was 100.00 

They were given an order on the sheriff to 
be paid when collected. 

The following commissioners of revenue (as- 
sessors) were appointed for the coming year, 
February 11, 1811: 

Thos. Mitchell, in the bounds of J. G. McDowell's 
Company of Militia; 

W. B. Parker ("Red Buck"), in Rowland T. Parker's 

Garret Smith, in John Radford's Company. 

James McClain, in John Cummin's Company. 

George Fearis, in Thos. McElvain's Company. 

John Donovan, in George Means' Company. 

Wm. P. Ball, in John Phillipp's Company. 

This shows a peculiarity of the institutions 
of that day, which may need a little explanation. 
Every able-bodied man was a militia man, and 

History of Lewis County, Kentuchy ^4<5 

belonged to some company. Those living 
nearest together belonged to the same company, 
and the bounds of that company were limited 
like a voting precinct is now. The captain had 
the name of all his men, and the assessor could 
get to them easily, being himself a member of 
the same company which he assessed. Each 
man had to give in his property to the com- 
missioner or be called into court for contempt. 
Every able-bodied man had to pay a tithe 
muster, be fined, or furnish a substitute. The 
fines collected and reported in county settle- 
ments were mostly from this source. 

There seems to have been seven companies 
in Lewis County in February, 1811, and the 
regiment was known as the 69th Kentucky 

February Term of Court of 1811. — The County 
Court ordered a "Stray Pen" built at Clarks- 
burg, and appointed, first. Garland S. Parker,, 
and afterward James Winter, keeper. It was 
for the purpose of impounding strayed stock 
so that their owners might recover them. 

August Term of Court of 181^. — John R. 
Chitwood was made county attorney, and 
Joseph Robb was clerk of both County and 
Circuit Courts. 

246 History of Lewis Coimty, Kentucky 

October Term. — Mr. Robb presents this ac- 
count of taxes to the County Court: 

Taxes on 5 County Seals, per 50 cents . $2.50 
Taxes on 38 Deeds, per 50 cents 19.00 

Total $21.50 

-Commission, 5 per cent 1.073^ 

Due County $20,423^ 

Circuit Court: 

Taxes on 33 writs, per 50 cents $16.50 

Taxes on 4 Chancery supb., per 50 cents. 2.00 

Total $18.50 

Commission 923/^ 

Due Commonwealth $17,573^2 

The name of David Johnson, in a probate 
to his last will and testament, appears in the 
October court. Whether he is progenitor of the 
large family of that name is for them to de- 

Lewis County had not yet got started on her 
career of debts and bonds, for we notice the 
Fiscal Court, in October, 1812, only allowed 
claims to the amount of $395,673/2? and levied 
$426.75 with which to pay all expenses. 

William Cottingham's name figures in this 
court. He objected to a road being established 

History of Lewis County, Kentychj 247 

through his land, and a jury awarded him 
213^ cents, which was immediately paid in 
open court by Arch. Frizzell, and the road to 
Catt's mill, on Quick's Run, was ordered to 
be opened. 

November Term. — David Brown, as attorney, 
represented the Commonwealth against Esquire 
James McClain, in the November Court, 1812. 
It seems, from the record, that some new law 
in regard to magistrates returning fines in their 
hands was not understood by them, and the 
county attorney brought suit to teach them 
their duty in a way they were not likely to 

January Term of Court of 1813. — Aaron 
Owens got his commission as sheriff, and Fred 
R. Singleton was appointed his deputy. 

The Commonwealth attorney was ordered 
to bring suit against Benjamin Aills, contractor 
to build a court-house, but the commissioners 
came to his rescue and changed the contract 
somewhat, and accepted his work with a proviso 
that a stove be furnished instead of stone 
chimney. In a short time afterward, the stove 
failing to appear, the court ordered the chimney 
built, and the next session was held in the 
new house. 

February Term. — Some more new names 
appear in the February session of the court, viz. 

248 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Christiana Lantz, George and Ferdinand Frj^ 
John Hymes. They are mentioned as being 
on the road from Wilson's Bottom to "Big 
East Fork" of Cabin Creek. The descendants 
of these still hold the fort in that neighborhood. 

March Term. — Jonathan Kenyon had a ferry 
privilege on the Ohio side, at Vanceburg, in 
1812, and in March, 1813, John McDowell got 
the same privilege from the County Court in 

April Term. — Henry C. Bruce w^as commis- 
sioned April 8, 1813, as justice of the peace, and 
Richard S. Wheatly was appointed county 

June Term. — On June 28 Israel Thomas was 
appointed administrator of the estate of George 
Halbert, deceased, and John Radford was com- 
missioned surveyor and coroner of Lewis County, 
June 3d. 

August Term. — August 23d John Hamlin and 
James Swearingin had a suit in court, and Mr. 
Hamlin let his temper get away with his judg- 
ment, and used profane language in court, and 
was therefore fined one dollar, which he paid. 

September Term. — Harry Parker emancipated 
William Moore, a slave, and had the paper 
recorded in the court. 

November Term. — In November of this year 
the name of Jesse Hamrick appears as a citizen 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 249 

of Lewis County, he being allowed a claim by 
the County Court of Claims. 

February Term of Court of 1814- — James 
Winters, a boot and shoe maker, had a boy 
apprenticed to him. The names of some more 
of our county citizens appear at this session — 
James Boyd, in a last will and testament; Robt. 
Juck, as a constable; Samuel Reiley and Robt. 
Rayborn, as road overseers; Joseph Lyons and 
Robert Rea, as hands on a road from Salt Lick 
to forks of Cabin Creek. 

August Term. — A colored man, named 
"Harry," was tried for felony, he having stolen 
a gun and powder horn from Jno. W. Leach. 
At his first call into court his owner, Mary Lewis, 
of Mason County, did not appear in his defense, 
and the case was continued to next term, when 
he was tried before a jury and found guilty, and 
a verdict that he should have thirty lashes on 
the bare back was rendered. The court ordered 
that the sheriff execute the sentence imme- 
diately, and remanded the prisoner to jail until 
the sentence was executed. 

September Term. — We find the names of 
James Dazier and David Vance connected with 
a road order from Concord up the left fork of 
Sycamore, and extending from John Stephen- 
son's mill to Joseph Taylor's blacksmith shop. 
. The county levy in this year was only fifty 

£50 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

cents on each poll, but it was thought sufficed 
to build a stone chimney to the log court-house 
at Clarksburg. 

January Term of Court of 1815. — The court 
refused to pay twelve dollars for damages to 
land by opening a road. 

John Dyal about this time demanded his 
seat as justice of the peace, but the court refused. 
He took the case to the Circuit Court, and ob- 
tained an order that they show said court their 
reasons for such action. At the next meeting 
of the County Court the justices rendered their 
reasons: That the said John Dyal had been a 
regularly enlisted soldier in the United States 
Army, and that he had gotten a furlough from 
his commanding officer; that he had failed to 
return when his furlough expired, and had been 
in hiding until he had, by promising to pay 
certain moneys to the Court of Lewis County, 
been discharged from the army; that he had 
not paid said money, and therefore they re- 
fused to seat him. This statement went before 
the Circuit Court, but he obtained a mandamus 
against the County Court and was allowed 
his seat. 

February Term. — February 27th G. N. Davis 
presented commission, dated January 27, 1815, 
from the governor, making him coroner of Lewis 
County, and John G. McDowell presented' a 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 251 

commission as sheriff, and Thomas Mitchel was 
appointed his deputy. 

John G. McDowell owned the land at the 
whirlpool at Vanceburg, where the mill and the 
west end of the city now stand, and was en- 
deavoring to establish salt works there. He had 
commissioners to view a way from C. Greenup's 
salt wells back of Vanceburg through the lands 
of Moses Baird and Robt. H. Grayson to the 
river at the whirlpool, and also a jury to assess 
damages on a writ of ad. quad darinum. He got 
the way for salt water pipes. 

March Term. — Frederick R. Singleton was 
commissioned as surveyor and Joseph Robb 
renewed his bond as clerk, a thing which he 
continued to do for forty years. 

May Term. — Aaron Stratton and Thos. 
Mitchell had built a cabin at the mouth of what 
was then called Hazel Hollow, and they also got a 
right of w^ay for salt water from C. Greenup's 
wells. There is an old salt well on Hazel yet. 
The property is owned by Mr. Thompson 

The names of Baily Bryant, John Spence, 
and John Purcell appear about this time as 
citizens of Lewis County. 

Ju7ie Term. — Robt. Bagby and Thos. Shain, 
justices of the peace, were appointed judges of 
the election in Kinniconnick precinct; Winslow 

252 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

Parker and John McDaniel, in Clarksburg; and 
Hugh Hannah and Arch. Boyd, in Cabin Creek 
precinct. This shows three election precincts 
in the county in 1815. 

John G. McDowell, it appears, was continued 
sheriff, with J. W. Leach, deputy. 

August Term. — Charles Fetters was ap- 
pointed overseer on the road from Taylor's horse- 
mill to the South Fork of Cabin Creek, and Wil- 
liam Kelly on the State Road toward Fleming 
County. Besides these, the following gentlemen 
were found living in Lewis County, according to 
the record in August, 1815: On the road up the 
river above Kinny to Rowland Thomas' farm, 
James Stephenson, Sr., James Stephenson, Jr., 
Thos. Mahan, William Burk, the Forman's, 
Jonas Hare, Josh. Baily, Wm. Bilderback, Wm. 
Harmon, Robt. Bagby. Jacob Scott, Ed. Scott, 
Wm. Dorch, David and Wm. Shain, Robt. Shain, 
J. W. Leach, and Thos. Shain. From Rowland 
Thomas' up to Greenup County, James Laugh- 
lin, James Applegate, Joseph Huston, John 
Hardy, Anthony Thompson, Thomas Veach, 
John S. Laird, David Hudson, Wm. Hudson, 
Levy Connelly, Michael Stockwell, Christian 
Staily, and Rowland Thomas, Jr., Abraham 
Dean, Israel Halbert, Jas. Moorehouse, and 
William Cottingham are neighbors on Salt Lick. 

September Term. — At this session of Lewis 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 253 

Count}" Court, held at Clarksburg, began a 
trial which resulted in the only case of capital 
punishment that has been legally performed in 
Lewis County. 

The culprit was a negro slave named George. 
He was the property of James Hill, of Bath 
County, and was charged with attempt at rape 
on the person of Mary Davis, a girl eleven years 
old, daughter of Walter Davis. The witnesses 
against him were John Harrison and Thos, 
Mitchell. A jury consisting of Henry Halbert, 
Geo. Thomas, Larret G. Smith, Archibald 
Frizzell, William Cottingham, John Frj^ Thomas 
Gayle, Plummer Thomas, Robert Voiers, Samuel 
Cummins, Elias Stalcup, and James Martin, 
were empanneled, and the prisoner was allowed 
counsel (who failed to appear). The jury found 
him guilty as charged in the warrant, and then 
his owner appeared with his attorney and en- 
deavored to get an appeal on account of error 
in the proceedings; but the court overruled his 
motion, and, on the 27th day of September, 
1815, he was sentenced to be hanged. The 
negro was valued at five hundred dollars and 
recommended to the mercy of the governor, 
but was at the same time sentenced to hang on 
the 27th day of the following October. The 
sheriff was immediately ordered to build a gal- 
lows for the execution, which was to be between 

254 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

the hours of 10 A. M. and 3 P. M. of the day 
appointed. John G. McDowell was the sheriff 
at the time, and the execution took place on the 
hillside opposite Clarksburg. 

. About this time Mr. Henry C. Bruce died, 
as w^e find on the order book where Polly Bruce 
relinquished her right to become administratrix, 
and John Bruce and Joseph Morgan were ap- 

The county claims for 1815 amounted to: 

Fines, etc., to $82,923^ 

640 tithes, at 50 cents 320.00 

Total $402,923^ 

Debtor 248.413^ 

Balance due county $154.51 

December Term. — David Looney made appli- 
cation to the court to build a mill on Crooked 
Creek, near what was then known as Massie's 
Fork. We think it was the same mill site which 
was lately owned b}^ the Ruark family. 

January Term of Court of 1816. — William G. 
Bullock was made deputy surveyor. This is 
not the W. G. Bullock who was deputy sheriff 
under Thos. Wilson a few years ago; but it is 
one of his relations. 

February Term. — The family names of 
Brewer, Osborn, Hillis, and Myers, who still 

History of Lewis Covtify, Kentuchy '255 

have representatives in the county, are found 
in the order book of the Lewis County Court, 
in February, 1816. Edward Brewer made ap- 
phcation for permission to build a mill on Cabin 
Creek, and Samuel Hillis (or Hillhouse) was 
one of the jury appointed to condemn the land 
for the site of the mill. Jacob Myers was an 
overseer of the road from Sycamore to Crooked 
Creek. John Means had his property improperly 
listed, and was released thereof, and Richard 
Conway was an overseer on Cabin Creek Road. 

August Term. — Thurston Wollen is made 
constable, and Arch. Frizzell took the oath as 
coroner of Lewis County. 

William Worthington appears as an at- 
torney in a case between James Winters and 
G. N. Davis. John Stockholm also had a suit 
with Reuben Plummer, who, it seems, from an 
alias warrant, lived in Fleming County. John 
Halbert was appointed commissioner on a road 
from Salt Lick to Quick's Run. Thos. Bragg 
was a witness in a cause between Wm. Watkins 
and Daniel Swearingin. 

September Term. — The last will of Wm. 
Graham was presented with James and William 
Barkley as witnesses, and Robt. Robb and Geo. 
Fearis as executors named. George Maple and 
James Rowland were appointed appraisers of 
the property. These parties all lived on Cabin 

256 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Creek, and all except Maple have representa- 
tives still living in Lewis. 

Evan Harry was allowed four dollars for an 
armchair for the court-house, and Andrew 
Moore allowed witness fees. The Harry family 
lived on the mountain, between Mudlick and 
Burtonville, and the jNIoores lived on the head 
waters of Mudlick. The irrepressible J. T. 
Harry is still a resident of Kinny, and Amos 
Harry lives near Burtonville. Both these gen- 
tlemen are now old men who can look back 
over sixty 3'ears and still not see the ancestor 
mentioned in this section. The author can 
remember seeing Uncle Jimmie Moore, an old 
man on crutches, who used to visit his father 
in 1853. He was the grandfather of Lewis Moore, 
now residing near Esculapia, and of Elder E. L. 
Moore, of Honey Landing. 

John Montgomery, on Quick's Run; David 
Arthurs, on the State Road; John and George 
Fry, East Fork of Cabin Creek, are all mentioned 
in the November term of the court. Their chil- 
dren's children are still here. 

County Levy for 1816: 

655 polls at 50 cents $327.50 

Fines, taxes, etc 46.34 

Total $373.84 

Allowances 208.123/^ 

Balance due county $165,713^ 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 257 

November Term. — The names of the follow- 
ing citizens are found: G. W. Bruce, Solomon 
Fuller, Daniel Olds, Martha Zornes, Catharine 
Olds, Richard Clary, Joseph Clary, the first 
part of whom lived on Kinny; but the Clarj^s 
lived on the road from Cabin Creek to Phil- 
lips Creek, and were appointed commissioners 
to view a roadway there. 

January Term of Court of 1817. — This court 
was held at Benjamin Wood's house, in the 
town of Clarksburg. There seems to have 
been something the matter with that "stone 
chimney" to the court-house, as several times 
when the time indicates that the weather might 
have been cold the court was held at other 
places than the court-house. 

Andrew Wilson was made a justice of the 
peace, and John Stephenson became sheriff at 
this session. Squire McClain had Elizabeth 
Brown, a pauper, under his care, and he had 
ordered fifty pounds of meat and 3 bushels of 
corn to be given her from some of the citizens 
for her sustenance. William Hull was allowed 
one dollar in this court for the corn. 

March Term. — Thomas Marshall announced 
his commission and took the oath as a justice. 
The Kinny precinct had been formed by Act 
of the Legislature, and made four voting places 
in the county. 


258 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

November Term. — This year William Pitts 
got permission to build a mill on Quick's Run, 
and Tavenor Moore's stock mark was recorded. 
John Taylor also died this year. 

The court made the following levy: 

By 671 polls, at 75 cents $503.25 

By fines, etc 35.64^ 

Total $538.89% 

To claims allowed 292.05 

Balance "deposituni" $246.84^^ 

Jacob ]\Iyers was made overseer from Syca- 
more to David Looney's, on Crooked Creek, and 
Moses Irvin from James Dixon's, on Sycamore, 
to the "two-mile tree," near Moses Bevins' 
farm. The court also contracted to build a 
clerk's office on the public square. 

By reference to the Acts of the Legislature 
we find that the jail was burned after the 
county levy had been laid. The Act authorizes 
the court to lay an additional levy to rebuild 
the same. There was a peculiar custom of the 
court in those days which might have had 
something to do with the burning of the jail. 
When a man became involved in debt more 
than he could pay on demand he was placed 
"in bounds," that is, he might not go outside 
of a certain boundary till he had paid his debts. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 259 

If he did so he was to be jailed. It is probable 
that the man "in bounds" thought if there is 
no jail there is no jailing. In February, 1818, 
Winslow Parker, Aaron Stratton, and Ben, 
Woods were appointed commissioners to build 
the jail or to have it done. The jail w^as to have 
two apartments, one for debtors and one for 
criminals, with a hall between them. The 
part for debtors was built out of hewn logs 
twelve inches square, and the room for criminals 
was to have double walls of logs, filled between 
with stone. The jail was built by Joel Stratton, 
building contractor, for $730. W. B. Parker 
was jailer at that time, and had charge of the 
prisoners if there were any. 

About this time the names of Joseph Sparks, 
Geo. Sparks, Elias Gilbert, and James Nash 
are shown to be citizens of the county by a road 
order appointing them to work on a road from 
the "Sand Fields," near AYilson's Ferry, up 
Crooked Creek. 

The old "cloth mill" seems to be established 
at or near George Fearis', as he had a boy, 
David Mackelroy Gosset, bound or apprenticed 
to him to learn the "trade and mysteries" of 
fulling and finishing domestic cloth. 

The Tolle family are represented in the 
person of John Tolle, who resided near or on 
Phillip's Creek. 

260 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

On the motion of John Thompson, whom, 
it seems, Hved on Kinny, a road was opened 
from the fork of Kinny to Spurgin's mill, on 
Salt Lick. 

February Term of Court of 1818. — Alexander 
Bruce was given a certificate of "honesty, 
probity, and good demeanor" as a lawyer. 

March Term. — The court had the road from 
Wilson's Ferry to Sycamore viewed and laid 
out. This was the first public highway along 
the river from Wilson's Bottom to Concord. 

The family name of Ruark is first mentioned 
in the person of Jordon Ruark, who was paid 
as a witness for Joseph Ward in a case between 
liim and John Brewer. 

May Term. — Jacob Colvin, in the records, 
presents the name of that family in Lewis 
County, and in xVugust the name of John Tully 
appears on record. 

November Term. — The Court of Claims met 
and made the following levy: 

702 tithes, per 70 cents $526.50 

Fines, licenses, etc 219.94 

Total $746.44 

Claims allowed 230.573^ 

Balance due county $515,863^ 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 261 

That stone chimney to the court-house had 
two fire-places — one downstairs, 43^^ feet wide 
at the back, and one upstairs, "3 feet in the 
clear." It was built by Henry Halbert at a cost 
of $129.50. 

It appears in evidence that John McDaniel 
was a hatter, as one, John Clem, was ap- 
prenticed to him to learn that trade. 

In the same court (November) Charles 
Queen was made road overseer from Kendrick's, 
on Salt Lick, to Vanceburg. 

December Term. — This session turns to view 
some of the wealth owned in those days. The 
assessor had not been able to get the list of 
John and Horatio Bruce, and they were called 
into court to give in their list, which shows 
some wealth for those days. It is as follows: 

2 white males, over 21 years; 10 black, over 16, and 
2 other blacks, total, 1*2 blacks; 7 horses, 400 acres of 
second rate land, valued at $10 per acre; 350 acres 
of second rate land, valued at $10 per acre; 350 acres of 
second rate land, valued at $25 per acre; 6,500 acres in 
Mason County, valued at $7 per acre; 175 acres in 
Bourbon County, valued at $40 per acre; 100 acres in 
Garrard County, valued at $20 per acre, with a total 
valuation of $77,600. 

January Term of Court of 1819. — Hugh Han- 
nah produced his commission as "High Sheriff" 
of Lewis County, and W. J. Simspon was ap- 
pointed deputy sheriff. 

262 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

March Term. — This year Aaron Stratton is 
engaged in the salt business at Vanceburg, and 
had a way viewed by commissions to convey salt- 
water from Greenup's wells to a lot in the town. 

Samuel Redman was appointed road over- 
seer from Clarksburg to Cottingham's branch. 
W. B. Parker qualified as assessor under the 
new Act, and Benjamin Aills was admitted 
to the bar as an attorney. Rowland T. Parker 
removed to Vanceburg, and got tavern license 
there. Thos. Bragg was also allowed tavern 
license at Vanceburg. 

June Term. — W. B. Parker resigned as 
jailer, and Thos. Mitchell was appointed in his 

John and Horatio Bruce, in this month, were 
also trying to increase that wealth by making 
salt at Vanceburg. 

August Term. — John Stephenson presented 
to the court his conniiission as justice, and took 
his seat. Robt. Meridith's will was probated, 
w^ith his wife, Rebecca, as administratrix. 

"Old Ebenezer" in August, 1819. The 
congregation elected George Means, George 
Maple, Archibald Boyd, Samuel Boyd, and AYil- 
liam Robb as trustees and certified them to 
the court as proper persons to whom deed for 
the church property might be made, and the 
court recognized them as such. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 263 

Elijah Moore built a mill on the East Fork 
of North Fork of Licking, adjoining the property 
of Jonathan Wilson — at least he got permission 
from the court, in August, 1819, to do so. This 
mill ought to be found somewhere near Burton- 

September Term. — Wm. B. Parker returned 
his lists as assessor, also his account for services 
rendered. It took him seventy days to take all 
the lists, at the cost of one dollar per day. He 
also was allowed ten dollars for making out the 
list, amounting in all as salary the sum of eighty 

The county was laid off into districts in 
September, as follows: Beginning at the mouth 
of Kinny, and including all settlements on it 
to the mouth of Laurel, thence up Laurel, 
including all settlements on it; thence a straight 
course to the Greenup County line, to be one 
district to be called District No. 1, or Kinny 

No. 2. Beginning at the mouth of Kinny, 
thence down the Ohio River to the first branch 
above Samuel Cummins; thence a straight line 
to the dividing ridge between Sycamore and 
Quick's Run, and with same ridge, dividing 
the waters of Salt Lick and Cabin Creek, and 
the waters of North Fork and Kinny, following 
the highest points of said ridge to the Greenup 

264 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

County line; thence with said hne to the bound- 
ary of District No. 1, and with said boundary 
to the beginning, to be one district, to be known 
as District No. 2, or Clarksburg precinct. 

No. 3. Beginning at the top of the dividing 
ridge between Thos. Parker and Joseph Watkins, 
on the State Road, and with the said road to the 
forks of the same at the Williamsburg Road, 
and with the Williamsburg Road to the Mason 
and Lewis County line, at Dr. Alexander Duke's. 
Thence with Mason and Lewis County line to 
the mouth of Crooked Creek, and thence up the 
Ohio River to the first branch above Samuel 
Cummins'; thence with line of District No. 2 
to the beginning, to be one district, known as 
District No. 3, or Cabin Creek precinct. 

No. 4. Beginning at Dr. Alex. Duke's, thence 
with the Lewis and Mason County line to 
North Fork of Licking, at the corner of Mason 
and Lewis Counties; thence with the North 
Fork and Fleming and Lewis County line to 
where the Greenup County line strikes the same; 
thence with the Greenup and Lewis County 
line to where it intersects the line of District 
No. 2, on the ridge, and with said ridge to the 
beginning of District No. 3, to be one district, 
known as No. 4, or North Fork precinct. 

November Term. — Edward Kelly got permis- 
sion to build a mill on Little East Fork of Cabin 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky ^Qo 

Creek. Thompson Ward was admitted to the 
bar as an attorney in Lewis County. John 
Thompson was appointed constable in District 
No. 1, Murdoc Cooper in District No. 2, WilHam 
Bo3^d in District No. 3, James W. Singleton 
in District No. 4. 

In November the court made its levy on 

789 tithes, per $1 $789.00 

Fines, licenses, etc. .• 18.653^ 

Total $807,653^ 

Claims 4Q6.5514 

Balance due county $341.10 

December Term. — The Polly family, of 
Quicks Run, are first mentioned in this session, 
in the name of David Polly, who is authorized 
to keep an insane brother at the county's ex- 

James McCormick, of McCormick Springs 
on the head of Salt Lick, is mentioned as a road 
overseer from John McDaniel's to the top of 
the mountain above Gunpowder Lick. 

January Term of Court of 1820. — The court 
laid off an additional magisterial district, to be 
called Sycamore District, and numbered it No. 
5. John and Andrew May and Joseph Spence 
are named as being on the boundary line in 
said district. 

266 History of Lewis Couniy, Kentucky 

May Term. — Bushrod Fry was appointed 
constable in the Sycamore precinct, and John 
M. Logan, at Clarksburg, at the same court 
above mentioned. 

Samuel Criswell, living on Kinny, at the 
mouth of Grassy Fork, made application for a 
road over to Clarksburg. 

The name of William Chapman appears at 
this time as a Lewis County citizen. 

Joseph Ruark was released as overseer on 
the Three Island Road. ]\Ir. Waugh and Joseph 
Lane are mentioned in connection with a road 
from Boj^d's horsemill to Mason County line. 

June Term. — The school trustees at Clarks- 
burg were permitted to have a school taught in 
the court-house. 

Fred R. Singleton was commissioned sur- 
veyor for the county. 

September Term. — The last will of William 
Cottingham was admitted to probate and his 
wife, Polly Cottingham, named as executrix, 
with George Thomas, Stephen Halbert, and 
John Halbert as securities. 

Christopher Fort, as a citizen of Lewis, is 
mentioned as a juryman to assess damages on 
a roadway. An old lady, Peggy Fort, lived with 
Alex. Vance, near Concord, in 1837. She was 
one hundred and five years old when she died, 
and had been blind for a number of vears. 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 267 

She was Mr. Vance's mother-in-law and the 
grandmother of Mr. George Vance. 

December Term. — Mr. Robb presents the fol- 
lowing bill for blank books: 

Mr. Joseph Robb bought of Edward Cox, Maysville, 

1 Record book, 6 quires $12.50 

1 " " 4 " 7.00 

1 Small blank book 2. '-25 

1 " " " 1.00 

Total $22.75 

Received payment, 

Edward Cox. 

Thomas Marshall's estate was valued in a 
court assessment at $34,600. 

A road was established from the mouth of 
Holly Fork of Kinny to McDaniel's, on Salt 
Lick. Solomon Thomas had a cabin at the 
mouth of Holly, and John Fowler is reported 
to the court as the owner of the land up Holly, 
through which the road passed. 

January Term of Court of 1821. — John Dyal 
received his commission as sheriff, dated No- 
vember 26, 1820, and became sheriff in January, 
1821. He had Nathan Halbert appointed dep- 

When a justice died, or was promoted to 
sheriff, he brought all his books and papers to 

268 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

court and they were turned over by the clerk 
to the nearest magistrate to the one deposed, 
and retained by him till a successor was ap- 

February Term. — Daniel Wood, a tanner, 
had Richard Wilson Lee apprenticed to him to 
learn the trade. 

The March term failed to meet, and, in May, 
Jesse Truesdale was appointed overseer on 
road from Boyd's horsemill to Robt. Rea's. 

A road from Scott's branch of Laurel to 
Grassy Fork of Kinnj^ and thence on a road 
already established, to Clarksburg, was laid out 
at this time. Also a road from the Greenup 
saltwells to the mouth of Trace, on Kinny. 

June Term. — Henry Halbert was commis- 
sioned as justice of the peace, and John Carter 
made overseer of road from Quick's Run to 
Heath's mill, on Salt Lick. 

The following citizens appear on the roads 
designated: On the Quick's Run Road, William 
McCann, Thomas McKinny, Thos. Oliver, Val- 
entine V. Crawford; on Cabin Creek Road, 
Jonathan Laish, James West, John West, James 
Richards, John Riggs, John Brownfield, Peter 
Hoover, Jas. Graham, Sam'l Lane, Wm. Mc- 
Nutt, John Hoover, John Downey, Richard and 
William Fry; on x\ndrew Henderson's road, 
James Dickson, James Calhoun, Andrew Slier- 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 269 

dine, Chas. Wood, Francis Henderson, James 
Henderson, William Boyd, Simon Kinnard, 
Ferdinand Fry; on a road from McKenzie's to 
Concord, or some place in that neighborhood, 
are John Piper, John McKenzie, John Thomp- 
son, Thomas Taylor, John McClain, John 
Carson, x\mos Means, Thomas Yapp, Robt. 
Means, and King D. McClain. 

On a Crooked Creek and Little Fork Road 
are Jesse Truesdale, John Gilbert, Elias Gil- 
bert, Abraham Bilyen, Joseph Taylor, and 
Daniel Sexton. 

Jacob, Michael, and Chas. Fetters, John, 
David, and Samuel Riggs, Henry Myers, Peter 
Loonej^ and "all the Pittsis'" worked on the 
road on Crooked Creek. 

On the road from Sycamore to Crooked 
Creek, Jacob Myers, as overseer, had John 
and William McCandless, John Dyal, Alex. 
Dyal, Simon Dyal, John Kellum, Stephen 
Dwiar, Robt. Myers, James Wiley, Thomas 
Wright, and John Stevenson. 

On the road from Concord, John Stephenson, 
as overseer, had John Bilyen, Thos, Bedford, 
Ben. Bedford, John Reid, John Trent, James 
Bivins, Ed. Stevenson, Joseph Means, John and 
W'illiam Reed, Thos. Berryman, Paul Bilyen, 
Paul Vanhorn, Pres. L. Stevenson, Alex. Davis, 
and David Dyal. 

270 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

W. P. Ball had as hands John Feagans, David 
Gault, Wm. Yancy on some road back of Con- 
cord or Poplar Flat. 

On the road past Thos. Marshall's are Peter 
Duzan, Gabriel Peed, Ezra Toncraye, David 
Toncraye, Wm. AValker. On Cabin Creek and 
Brown's Rmi are Alex. Osburn, Thos. Gillespie, 
David Maple, John and Thomas Hines. 

August Term. — It is made a matter of record 
on the order book that Thos. Marshall had 
married the widow of John Boyd, and he 
wanted the administrator of her estate to show 
cause why he did not settle with the court. 
At the next session the said administrator settled 
and paid over nine dollars he had received for 

Thompson Ward was appointed county at- 

November Term. — The court levied 75 cents 
on 896 polls, and allowed claims amounting to 
$486.14. The levy amounted to $672. 

The August term authorized a road to be 
viewed from the mouth of Grassy, on Kinny, 
near Benjamin Cole's farm, and thence up Kinny 
to the head and over the ridge to Mudlick; 
thence down same to North Fork. 

The commissioners appointed to view that 
road the following citizens living on the route: 
Benj. Cole, Samuel Criswell, William Murphy, 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 271 

Solomon Thomas, Samuel Spurgin, Andrew 
Means, John Thompson. Well's Camp, Thomas 
Thompson, Abraham Plummer, James Silvey, 
John Maddox, on Kinny; and thence the road 
went up Sugar Camp hollow to the dividing 
ridge between Kinny and Mudlick, and fol- 
lowed the path to Mudlick, leaving H. C. 
Martin's house to the right; thence through 
John Bell's lands to John Green's farm; and 
thence down Mudlick past Caleb Taylor, John 
Hammon and Joshua Powers to William Quin- 
tance, on the North Fork of Licking. This is 
perhaps, the first road up Kinny from the 
J. B. Harrison farm to Petersville, and thence to 

December Term. — John Chambers was a 
witness to the will of Augustine Cowne, and 
Green H. Smith and Jacob Neal had a lawsuit 
which resulted in a judgment of fourteen dollars 
for Neal. 

January Term of Court of 1822. — Francis T. 
Hood was admitted to the Lewis County bar. 

James McCallister, Mathew Thompson, W. 
H. Calvert, David W. Davis, Robb Robb, Sr., 
John Piper, Jas. Rowland, David Hendrickson, 
John Owens, and John Bell are said to live near 
Mudlick, and were appointed commissioners 
to value property under execution on that 

27*2 History of Leuus County, Keiitucky 

March Term. — The first school districts in 
Lewis County were laid off according to an Act 
of the Legislature. The first district began at 
the mouth of Slate Creek, above Vanceburg, and 
thence with a path known as Barrett's trace to 
the Sandy saltworks to a point where said 
trace crosses the Lewis and Greenup County 
line; thence with said line to the Ohio River, and 
with the river to the place of beginning. 

The second district began at the mouth of 
Slate, and thence, with the Slate Road, to the 
top of the ridge dividing the waters of Salt Lick 
and Kinny from Cabin Creek and the North 
Fork of Licking, and with said ridge to the 
Lewis and Greenup line to Barrett's trace, and 
with said trace to the beginning. 

Number three began at the whirlpool in the 
Ohio River, at Vanceburg; thence with the 
State Road to the top of the mountain above 
Thos. Parker's; thence with the chain of ridges 
which divide Quicks Run from Cabin Creek 
and Sycamore to the Ohio River, so as to strike 
the river between the mouth of Sycamore and 
Samuel Cummin's mill; thence up the river to 
the beginning. 

Number four began at the mouth of Sj^ca- 
more; thence down the Ohio River to the 
mouth of Crooked Creek; thence with the 
Lewis and Mason line to the Salt Lick Road at 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 273 

Alexander Duke's; thence with said road to the 
top of the hill above Thos. Parker's; thence with 
the chain of ridges dividing the waters of Quicks 
Run, Cabin Creek, and Sycamore to the Ohio 
River, between Cuniming's mill and the mouth 
of Sycamore; thence down the river to the begin- 

Number five — and the rest of Lewis County 
shall be district number five. 

William J. Simpson, on account of contem- 
plated removal from the county, was released 
as commissioner to settle with the sheriff, and 
resigned his commission as justice of the peace. 

On motion of Joseph Staggs and John Knox 
it was ordered that commissioners be appointed 
to view a road up Laurel and Grassy to the 
Greenup County line. 

May Term. — Richard Aills released as road 
overseer from forks of Quick's Run to Ohio 
River, and Jonathan Ruggles was appointed. 

Isaac Pitts was made overseer from widow 
McKensie's to Sand Hill. 

Richard Pell and Thos. Mitchell were granted 
tavern license in Clarksburg. 

On motion of James McCormick commis- 
sioners were appointed to change the Gunpow- 
der Lick Road. 

James Carr licensed to keep tavern in Vance- 


274 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

Hugh Mcllvaine, a tanner, had Stuart 
Marshal apprenticed to him to learn the trade. 

Beverly Stubblefield and William Hannah 
were allotted to Wm. P. Ball's road. 

Thos. Mitchell presents his account as jailer 
of Lewis County. 

June Term. — Fred R. Singleton resigned the 
office of surveyor of Lewis County. 

John G. McDowell lost his ferry license at 
Vanceburg by order of the court. He seems 
to have been away and not to have been at- 
tending to his ferry. 

There was no court held in August. 

September Term. — David Garth and Henry 
Bedinger were appointed overseers on Salt 
Lick Roads; John Stalcup on the Ohio River 
Road, from Cumming's to Quicks Run; and 
John Halbert from Quick's Run to Vanceburg. 
Samuel Reily, Nelson Plummer, John and Ben 
Maddux, Anthony Swim, and Charles Vincent 
were allotted as hands on a Kinnj^ road. 

Aaron Stratton was granted a license to 
ferry at Vanceburg, and Lucy Bragg license to 
keep a tavern at her house, above Vanceburg. 

Francis T. Hord and Benjamin x\ills were 
practicing attorneys in this court. 

Novemher Term. — Daniel Halbert was ap- 
pointed tax commissioner. 

Joseph H. Knapp had Ezinah Ames, a poor 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 275 

boy, bound to him to learn the carpenter's trade, 
and Spencer Cooper had John Slater bound to 
learn the trade of stone-cutter. 

John O. Fowling had a license granted him 
to keep a tavern at the White Sulphur Springs. 
This evidently was the beginning at Esculapia, 
as it will be seen by the letter of Mr. Calvert, in 
"Early Settlements on Salt Lick," and that 
Mr, Fowling lived in that section and at the 
farthest settlement up the creek. 

William Cofin was granted a license to keep 
a tavern at Vanceburg. 

The claims allowed in this year amounted to 
$303.32, and the levy, at 623^ cents on 929 
polls, to $576,871/^. 

January Term of Court of 1823. — William 
Watkins was commissioned surveyor, and John 
McDaniel sheriff, with commissions dated No- 
vember 20, 1822. 

William Heath was appointed guardian of 
Jane Heath, daughter of John Heath, de- 

Ben Givins was appointed overseer on the 
road from Farrow's mill to the mouth of Little 
East Fork of Cabin Creek. 

Thomas Mitchell was appointed superin- 
tendent of the public buildings at Clarksburg. 

John Fry renewed his bond as constable in 
District No. 5. 

276 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

Ambrose McDaniel appointed commissioner 
to view a road from Scott's Branch, up Laurel. 

Francis T. Hord, county attorney, was au- 
thorized to contract for the first County Seal 
Lewis ever had. He contracted with Pleasant 
Beard for the engraving and furnishing of said 
seal for the sum of twenty dollars. 

February Term. — Commissioners were ap- 
pointed to view a road from Gun Powder Gap, 
on the Left Fork of Salt Lick, to Truitt's mill, 
on the State Road, near Aquilla Smith's. 

April Term. — In this term Jacob Colvin was 
made overseer from Clarksburg to Quick's 
Run. James Singleton renews his bond as 
constable in District No. 4. 

The Gun Powder Gap and Aquilla Smith 
Road passed through lands of George Graham, 
Henry Powers, John Kendrick, and Abraham 
Van West. 

Winslow Parker sent from Vanceburg his 
resignation as justice of the peace, which was 

John Thompson was allowed $9L75 for the 
maintenance of Peter Nogle, a pauper, for the 
year 1822. 

Samuel B. Victor and William Wilson pe- 
titioned the court for a road from Victor's house 
to the State Road. 

William Walker was appointed overseer on 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 277 

road from the well on Little Stone Lick to where 
the road from Williamsburg (now Orangeburg) 
intersects the road to Salt Lick. 

Peter Duzan, Henson Tolle, and Gabriel 
Peed were appointed commissioners to view a 
road from Phillip's Creek to Salt Lick. 

Alexander Young established a mill on Cabin 

Charles Cox was granted a license to keep a 
tavern at the house lately occupied by Rachael 
Jack. This was probably near the mouth of 
East Fork of Cabin Creek. 

Thomas Parker and Joshua Powers were 
recommended to Governor Adair as suitable 
persons for justices of the peace. 

Carr, Davis & Co., mercantile firm, had 
several suits in court, appealed from the de- 
cisions of various magistrates. Henry Bedinger 
and George Graham w^ere also litigants. 

James Chancy was overseer on the road 
from Lewis and Mason line to Farrow's niilL 

Jeremiah Moore obtained permission tO' 
build a mill on Kinny, below the mouth of 
Town Branch. 

Thos. Marshall, Esq., gave information 
against John Hern in favor of Milton Hern, a 
poor orphan, and also against John Luman for 
the benefit of his children, to show cause why 

278 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

they should not be bound out to some person 
able to take proper care of them. 

William Peters was appointed overseer on 
""Three Islands" Road, from Wilson's Ferry to 
East Fork of Cabin Creek, at Taylor's horse- 

Edward Brewer was appointed overseer from 
John Swearingin's mill, on Cabin Creek, to 
Lewis and Mason line. 

It was ordered that a road be made on 
Kinny from Thomas Shain's, past Moore's and 
Bruce's mills, to the mouth of said creek. 

James McCormick failed to open the Gun 
Powder Gap Road, and the court removed him 
and appointed James Adkinson in his stead. 

James Boyd was appointed overseer from 
Wilson's Ferry, down the river to a bear wallow, 
near James West's. 

James Fearis was appointed overseer from 
Lewis and Mason line, up East Fork to Hum- 
phrey Bell's. 

The minutes of this court were signed by 
James McClain. 

May Term. — Hannah Johnson, having mar- 
ried William Williamson, was released from 
being executor of the estate of David Johnson, 
her former husband. 

Samuel Wilson, overseer on Crooked Creek 
Road, had the following hands allotted to him: 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 279 

Curtis Lantz, Peter Heloy, Christian Lantz, 
Leonard Lantz, Joseph Sparks, John G. Wilson, 
Jos. S. Wilson, James S. Wilson, and John 

William Peters, overseer, had the following 
hands allotted to him: John Wilson, Hugh 
Wilson, Richard Nash, Edward Boyd, John 
Peters, Aaron Peters, James Adams, Theophilus 
Latin, John Huffman, Samuel Cax, William 
Cox, Andrew Wilson, George Switzelm, David 
Peters, Jr., James McClain, Richard Huffman, 
William McNutt, and John McNutt. 

James Fearis, overseer on East Fork Cabin 
Creek, had the following citizens on his road: 
Thos. Hughes, James Haines, Levi Darnell, 
Daniel Fetters, James Rea, Thomas Rea, Robert 
Rea, Towsand Hoggins, Noah Pitts, Thos. 
Vaughn, Eli Vaughn, John Vaughn, Michael 
Fetters, Lewis Fearis, Thomas Taylor, Charles 
Cox, James Band, and Ferdinand Fry. 

Rev. Samuel G. Lowery, a minister ordained 
by the Ebenezer Presbytery, was granted a 
license to solemnize the rites of matrimony. 

James Orcutt, Daniel Priest, Sam'l B. Victor, 
Marmaduke Swearingin lived on the road above 

Stephen Calvert, John Johnson, Jos. John- 
son, John Nash were hands on the State Road, 
under Stephen Halbert, overseer. 

280 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

July Term. — The following business was 
done in the July term of court: 

Thomas Parker took his seat as a new 
justice of the peace. 

Jacob Frizzell appointed constable in Dis- 
trict No. 2, and John Leitch in District No. 1. 

Alsea Victor and Stephen Halbert were ap- 
pointed administrators of the estate of William 
B. Victor, deceased. 

James Price, Thomas Pool, and Alexander 
Irwin are mentioned as hands on Quick's Run 

Ophelia Hunter was apprenticed to Charles 
Watkins to learn housewifery. 

August Term. — Samuel White was appointed 
road overseer from Catt's old mill to Upper Pond 
Run, on the Ohio River. 

John Kendrick, overseer from Gun Powder 
Gap (Esculapia) to the house of Aquilla Smith, 
on the State Road; the following hands were 
assigned him: W'illiam Hannah, Phillip P. 
Dornan, Samuel Williams, and Henry Powers. 

On motion of Richard Evans, Jeremiah 
Moore, David Evans, Martin Coker, and Basil 
Burris were appointed commissioners to view 
a road on Lower Kinny. 

On the river road, above the mouth of Kinny, 

the names of John Forman and Charles Cooley 

are mentioned, in addition to those already 

ed on that road, 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky '^281 

There was no court held in September. 

October Term. — Nancy Carrington and Dan- 
iel J. Carrington were appointed administrators 
of the estate of William Carrington, Sr., de- 

Joshua Easham was appointed administrator 
of the estate of Alex. McDaniel. 

William B. McDaniel, son of Alex. McDan- 
iel, was apprenticed to Joshua Owins, a farmer. 

Claims against the county amounting to 
$386,941^ were allowed, and a levy of 623^ 
cents laid on 894 tithes, amounting to $558.75. 

Constables and guards had their claims 
certified to the auditor of State, and were paid 
from the State treasury. The circuit clerk made 
settlement with the County Court, but fees 
received by him were turned into the State 

January Term of Court of 182Jf.. — On motion 
of Samuel Cox, Joseph Taylor, James Price, 
Daniel Sexton, and Moses Ormes, Jr., were ap- 
pointed commissioners to change road from 
Moses Ormes, Sr., on Quick's Run, to John D. 
Everett's, through the lands of Thomas Pool 
and William McCann. 

Nothing of importance occurred during the 
February court, and there was no court held in 

April Term. — Harry Parker, being sixteen 

28*2 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

years of age, selected as his guardian Mr. 
Pliininier Thomas. 

Henry Bedinger released and Samuel Martin 
appointed as overseer on road from Catt's old 
mill, near the mouth of Quick's Run, to Heath's 
mill, on Salt Lick. 

Woodruff Roberts was appointed overseer 
from Cottingham's Branch to Clarksburg. 

Jesse Hamrick appointed overseer on the 
State Road from Daniel Carr's to George 
Truitt's mill, on North Fork. 

David Woodruff was appointed constable, 
vice John Johnson, in the Clarksburg district. 

Robert Grant was appointed commissioner 
to take the tax assessment in the county. 

Robert Bagby resigned as justice of the 
peace, and Joshua Owens and Jno. W. Leach 
were recommended to the governor for appoint- 

May Term. — George Rea was appointed 
constable in District No. 3. 

John Robb was appointed deputy county 

July Term. — The following judges and clerks 
for the annual election were appointed: 

In Forman's Bottom Precinct: Henry Halbert, 
Joshua Owings, judges; John Thompson, clerk. 

In Clarksburg Precinct: Aaron Stratton, Thomas 
Shain, judges; William S. Parker, clerk. 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 283 

In Cabin Creek Precinct: James McClain, John 
Stephenson, judges; Thomas Parker, clerk. 

In North Fork Precinct. Archibald Boyd, Andrew 
Wilson, judges; Asabel Brewer, clerk. 

August Term. — John Maddox was appointed 
overseer on road from Bear Branch to James 
Silvey's, on Kinniconnick. 

On the road up Holly Fork of Kinny, Solo- 
mon Thomas was overseer. 

October Term. — The claims amounted to 
$337,733^; levy on 939 tithes, at 50 cents, 

Geo. W. Bruce gave in a list of his property, 
amounting to $4,985, which the commissioner 
had failed to assess. 

The court ordered a whipping-post estab- 
lished in the court-yard, at a cost of six dollars. 

Francis T. Hood was discontinued as county 

November Term. — Benjamin Aills was ap- 
pointed county attorney, with no other reward 
than the use of two volumes of Little's Digest, 
which were owned by the county. 

January Term of Court of 1825. — Rev. Elias 
Oliver, a minister of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, was licensed to solenmize the rites of 
matrimony. Mr. Oliver lived up the river, above 
the mouth of Kinniconnick. 

Archibald Bovd was commissioned sheriff 

284 ^ History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

October 30, 1824, and presented his commission 
to this court, took the oath of office, and gave 
the several bonds necessary to enter upon the 
discharge of his duties. 

Wilham P. Henderson was appointed deputy 

Thomas Shain, Esq., signed the minutes of 
this court. 

February Term. — The last will and testament 
of Moses Irwin was proven by John Boyd and 
John Irwin, and Betsy Irwin and John Irwin 
were appointed as executors. They gave bond, 
with Caleb Richards as security, and had 
Samuel Hampton, Jacob Mj^ers, John Fry, and 
Thomas Thompson appointed as appraisers of 
the property. 

April Term. — Aaron Stratton, who owned 
the land on the lower side of Kinny, where the 
State Road crossed, and Matthew Thompson, 
who owned the land above Kinny, applied for a 
ferry license across said stream, and the same 
was granted them. 

James W. Sing'leton qualified as constable 
in District No. 4. 

Jas. Cooper granted tavern license at his 
house in Vanceburg. 

James Carter the same at Clarksburg, and 
Amos Spurgin at White Sulphur Springs. 

Green H. Smith qualified as constable in the 
Kinny precinct, and John Fry in District No. 5. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 285 

Lewis County was divided into two districts 
for the purpose of assessing the taxable property. 
The dividing Hne was the State Road, from 
Vanceburg to the North Fork. The side down 
the river was called the North District, and 
that above the road the South District. John 
Halbert was appointed to assess the South 
District, and William J. Simpson the North 

Jacob Frizzell was made constable in Dis- 
trict No. 2, and Joseph N. Ralston in the 
Clarksburg District. 

Mathias Tolle was appointed road overseer 
from Wilson's Ferry, on the Ohio River, at 
Manchester, to George Fearis' shorsemill, on 
Cabin Creek. 

Abraham Carr, overseer from Jonathan Hay- 
den's to Thomas Parker's. 

May Term. — John Harrison was released as 
road overseer on account of age, and Thomas 
Ruggles appointed in his stead. This was on 
the road from crossing of Cabin Creek by the 
State Road to the house of Thomas Parker, on 
the hill toward Clarksburg. 

Geo. W. Bruce had a road established from 
the river over the hill and down Spy Run to 
Kinny, to intersect the Moore's mill road on 
that stream. 

July Term. — James Lane Pitts and Samuel 

286 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Campbell Pitts were appointed executors of 
the will of William Pitts. 

Alexander Young was commissioned as jus- 
tice of the peace. 

Clifton A. Ganet was admitted as an at- 
torney at the Lewis County bar. 

Charles Woods, overseer from the head of 
Quick's Run toward Concord. 

Stephen Bliss as overseer about Sycamore. 

There was no court in August. 

October Term. — William J. Simpson, com- 
missioned as justice of the peace, took his seat 
first at this session. 

Elizabeth Maddox and Hesekiah Griffith 
granted administration of the estate of John 
Maddox, deceased, with James Silvey, William 
Heath, James Hughbank, and Humphrey Beck- 
ett as appraisers. 

This is the first mention of the Beckett 
family, many of whom lived on the hills between 
the head of Kinny and Mudlick, and one. 
Reason Beckett, lived on Mudlick where the 
Kinnj^ Road came over the hill to that stream. 
On the hill we can mention Thomas Beckett, 
William Beckett, and John Beckett. Humphrey 
Beckett lived on the ridge between Mudlick 
and the head of Bucklick and Salt Lick. 

John Stephenson resigned his commission 
as magistrate, and Edward Stephenson and Jas. 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 287 

Johnson were recommended to Governor Desha 
for appointment. 

Joseph Robb renewed his bond as county 
clerk, with John Stephenson, Samuel Cox, 
George Boyd, Fred R. Singleton, x\aron Strat- 
ton, George Means, and John Piper securities. 
It seems that Mr. Robb could have given half 
the county as security, had it been desired. 
His annual settlements with the court show 
him honest to the fraction of a cent, the make- 
up of his records declare him competent, and 
his leniency in judgments in his favor against 
hard-pressed sheriffs prove the goodness of his 
heart. Jos. Robb's official tenure is part of his 
epitaph, and well might his friends refer to his 
official character and integrity as a monument 
more lasting than the marble slab at his grave. 

George Means, overseer on the road from 
Cabin Creek to Williamsburg (name later 
changed), was released on account of age, and 
John Teager appointed. 

It took John Halbert twenty-six days and 
cost twenty-six dollars to assess one-half the 
county, and William J. Simpson thirty-six days 
to assess the other half. Each received one dollar 
per day, so that the entire assessment cost the 
county only sixty-two dollars. 

Doctors Duke and Leonard produced an 
account for medical aid to Ichabod Wheaden, a 

288 Hi si or y of Leuns County, Kentucky 

pauper, amounting to seventy-two dollars. This 
is ten dollars more than the whole assessment 
cost, and shows the doctors of that day were 
"up to snuff." This aid was authorized by 
Thomas Marshall, a magistrate, and shows a 
long line of precedents for the actions of later 
day magistrates and physicians and a practice 
which the county got rid of in 1896. 

The claims this year were $205. Fines, etc., 
collected, $31,443/^; 1,029 tithes, at 373/^ cents, 

November Term. — In the settlement with the 
sheriff, Archibald Boyd, it was found that for 
1824 he only owed the county the sum of $8.73. 

December Terrji. — The administration of the 
estate of William Arnold was granted his widow, 
Nancy Arnold, and Upton Arnold. They gave 
bond in the sum of $15,000, with Jno. Arnold 
and Moses Dimitt securities. 

John Wallingford was made overseer on 
road on Kinny, from Bear Branch to James 

The records closing up the year 1825 were 
signed by Aaron St rat ton. 

January Term of Court of 1826. — Joshua 
Owings removed to Bath County, and resigned 
his commission as justice of the peace. 

Edward Stephenson was commissioned as 
justice instead of John Stephenson, resigned. 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 289 

February Term. — Zachariah Williams, who 
was a local preacher in the " New Light " Church, 
is mentioned in connection with Jesse Hamrich, 
a Methodist Episcopal minister who obtained 
much notoriety when the slave question split 
his Church, on account of his strong anti-slavery 
sentiments. They were appointed commis- 
sioners to view a road from Buck Lick to Truitt's 
mill, on the North Fork. 

On petition of Humphrey Beckett, James 
Moore, Benjamin Plummer, John Wallingford, 
and Solomon Plummer were made commissioners 
to view a change in the road from Mudlick, 
over the hill to Kinny. 

The administration of the estate of John 
Thompson is granted to his brother-in-law, 
Francis Henderson. 

John W. Mavity, who for some reason ap- 
pears to be at his brother-in-law's, James Mc- 
Cormick's, home, near the head of Salt Lick, is 
ordered to help work the Gun Powder Gap Road. 

Mr. Robb had Harrison Taylor appointed 
deputy county clerk. 

April Term. — David Maple appointed over- 
seer on the Three Island and Flemingsburg 
Road, from the South Fork of Cabin Creek to 
the crossing of the road from Clarksburg to 
Washington, Mason County. 

"Pine Hill," on Lower Kinny, had received 


290 History of Leiois County, Kentucky 

its cognomen prior to 1826, as shown by a road 
order in this session. 

Sheriff Arch. Boyd was ordered to pay 
WilHam Barkley $7.50, Hugh Walker $6.50, and 
George Maple $2.50 out of the levy for 1825. 

William Nicholls was granted the adminis- 
tration of the estate of David Powell, with Geo. 
Means and Thomas Marshall securities. 

On motion of Joseph Robb, William Priest 
was bound to Joseph Hampton to learn "the 
art and mystery of the manufacture of leather." 

Thomas Grover was appointed road over- 
seer, in lieu of Richard Taylor, released, on the 
State Road, from Thos. Parker's to Swearin- 
gin's mill, and Richard Taylor, Nesbit Taylor, 
Thomas Boggs, and Thos. M. Grover allotted 
as hands. 

Charles Cox is granted tavern license at his 
house in Lewis County, and James Carr the 
same at Vanceburg. 

Israel B. Donaldsons, overseer from Quick's 
Run to Vanceburg. 

Harry William, John Cottingham, and James 
Cottingham are mentioned as having been 
appointed to use a hoe on the public road on 
Salt Lick. 

From the following order we can gather the 
change in plan of assessment, the names of 
company commanders in the militia, and the 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 291 

various assessors for the year: "Agreeable to a 
late Act of the Legislature, Nathan Halbert is 
appointed to take the lists of taxable property 
in the bounds of Captain J. W. Leache's Com- 
pany; Daniel Halbert, in Captain Robt. Parker's 
Company; John Thomas, in Captain William 
Heath's Company; John Halbert, in Captain 
Nicholas Elson's Company; Simon Dyal, in 
Captain Ellis Owens' Company; William Bark- 
ley, in Captain W. P. Henderson's Company; 
Anderson Osburn, in Captain Alex. Osburn's 
Companj^; W^illiam Walker, in Captain John 
Hendrick's Company; William P. Ball, in Cap- 
tain iilfred Owens' Company. 

W^m. J. Simpson, Esq., granted license to 
solemnize the rites of matrimony. 

May Teiin. — Peter January made applica- 
tion for tavern license at Esculapia, then called 
W^hite Sulphur Springs. On account of a ma- 
jority of the court not being present, his applica- 
tion was deferred till next court, when it was 
granted. He probably took the place of Wm.. 
O. Powling, who had previously obtained license 
at that place, and of whom Mr. Dudley Calvert, 
in "Early Settlements on Salt Lick," says he 
sold out and went to Maysville. In all proba- 
bility Mr. January followed his example. 

July Term. — According to an Act passed 
December 21, 1825, the county clerk furnishes 

292 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

and records a list of all the public law books 
in his possession, both in the county and cir- 
cuit clerk's offices. 

This report shows that he never had any 
copy of the Acts of the Legislature farther back 
than 1808. 

He had a few "Reports" and "Digests," by 
Xittle, Marshall, and Bibb, and some volumes 
of United States Laws, amounting in all to 
eighty-one books. The Act required him to 
display these books once each year before the 
court, so they could see how well he kept them. 

August Term. — David Maple was allowed 
the following hands on his road : John Mortimer, 
Thomas Himes, Robt. M. Himes, John H. Himes, 
Thomas Gillespie, Joseph Gillespie, Fleming 
Jones, Wm. Starky, and Thomas Weaver. 

Joseph Toncray was appointed overseer 
some place along the State Road. 

October Term. — William Yancy is mentioned 
as a member of a commission to set apart the 
dower of Catharine (Davis) Elson. 

The Court of Claims allowed debits against 
the county to the amount of $246.83, and levied 
a tax on. 945 tithes at 373^ cents, amounting 
to $352,873^. 

Andrew Zorns was overseer on the road on 
Kinny, from Shain's to Stratton's, and Stephen 
Lewis is named as one of the hands. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 293 

December Term. — The last will of James 
Laird was presented, and Nathan Halbert ap- 
pointed executor, with will annexed. 

January Term of Court of 1827. — The death 
of Marmaduke Swearingin is noted, and Polly, 
his widow, appointed as his administratrix. 
James Swearingin and Alfred, children over 
fifteen years, chose Aaron Stratton as their 

William McEldowney was commissioned jus- 
tice of the peace October 30, 1826. 

Alexander Bruce's wife, Amanda Bragg, 
daughter of Thomas Bragg, who died intestate, 
moved the court for commissioners to assign 
her interest in his estate. 

Thos. Shain was commissioned sheriff Oc^ 
tober 30, 1826, and John and Daniel Halbert 
were appointed his deputies. 

February Term. — Robt. B. Garland was re- 
leased as overseer on the Spy Run Road, and 
Nathaniel R. Garland appointed. 

The children and heirs of Anderson Gar- 
land, viz.: Robt. B., Cynthia Ann, and Ander- 
son N. Garland chose G. W. Bruce as their 

April Term. — On petition of Ann W. Cal- 
vert, Seth Porter, Jesse Carrington, Wm. Camp- 
bell and Robert Shepherd were appointed com- 
missioners to change the road through her lands 

294 History of Lewis County, Kentuchy 

on Salt Lick. (See Dudley Calvert's letter, 
** Early Settlements on Salt Lick.") 

Daniel J. Carrington, overseer on the State 
Road from John McDaniel's (now Valley) to 
Thomas Parker's house (now the Mefford farm), 
was discharged, and William Hamlin was ap- 
pointed in his stead. 

Solomon Thomas, on account of age, was 
released as overseer on the Kinny Road, from 
mouth of Grassy (T. B. Harrison's farm) up 
to Holly, and up said Hollj^ to the head, and 
David Arthur was appointed in his stead. 

AYilliam Heath, overseer from mouth of 
Holly to Bear Branch, on Kinny Road, was 
released, and Hesekiah Griffin was appointed. 

John Bell, overseer on the road from Benja- 
min Plummer's to North Fork, was released on 
account of age, and Joshua Powers appointed 
in his stead. Of those named to work under 
the overseer were the following: Benjamin 
Plummer, who lived at the top of the hill above 
the head of that branch of Kinny which turns 
westward from Petersville; Jeremiah Beckett 
lived farther out on the same ridge toward the 
head of Mudlick; Reason Beckett's farm was 
on Mudlick, just where the road came down the 
hill; John Hammond, when his apprenticeship 
w^as over, settled on North Fork at the mouth 
of Mudlick, and adjoining his master, Mr. 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 295 

Powers, who lived where the road first came to 
North Fork, and perhaps half a mile from the 
crossing; Thomas West's farm was on the hill 
on the west side of Mudlick. The turnpike 
road from Peters ville to Mt. Carmel is on almost 
the same ground, except some changes on the 
hillsides, that was traversed by the road worked 
by Mr. Powers and his hands in 1827. 

A new constable district, called the Kinni- 
connick District, was laid off with the following 
boundary: Beginning at the mouth of Laurel, 
and passing up Kinny to the Lewis and Fleming 
line, and with the same to the Greenup or 
Carter line to the head of Grassy Fork of Laurel, 
so as to include all the waters of Kinny and 
Laurel. William Heath was appointed con- 
stable in the new district. He gave bond of 
two thousand dollars, with Wm. McEldowney 
and Henry Halbert securities. 

John G. McDow^ell was appointed constable 
in District No. 1, vice Green H. Smith, resigned. 

Peter D. January was still at this time 
"holding the fort" at the White Sulphur Hotel 
(Esculapia), as is shown by his motion for an 
order to change the Salt Lick Road. 

Hugh Mcllvaine was appointed trustee in 
the town of Clarksburg in the stead of Thomas 
Bragg, deceased. 

It was ordered that W. B. Parker and John 

296 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Carter go to the house of William Fink and 
examine into the situation of said Fink and 
family, and ascertain if they stand in need of 
any provisions, etc., and furnish them what 
will be necessary for their use till the next court, 
and make report of the same to the court. 
*' That's how they did it then!" said an old 
citizen, "and that's how humanity manifested 
itself toward a suffering or unfortunate member 
of society, in our grandfathers' days." 

John Wallingford was made overseer of 
road on Kinnj^ from James Silvej^'s house to 
Benjamin Plummer's, on the ridge above the 
head of Kinnj^ 

Joshua Power produced a commission as 
magistrate and took his seat in the court. 

Rowland T. Parker, James Carr, George 
Swingle, Joseph N. Ralston, and Ben T. Holton 
were appointed trustees for the town of Vance- 
burg, according to an Act of the Legislature, 
approved January 24, 1827, establishing the 
said town of Vanceburg. 

Jonathan M. Grover emancipated a colored 
woman who was his slave, and gave bond for 
her maintenance, should she ever become a 
charge on the county. 

Henry Biven and Jas. H. Biven are men- 
tioned as hands on the road from Quick's Run 
across Martin's Gap to the Ohio River. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 297 

Marniaduke Swearingin's administrators 
listed his property as 100 acres of land, on Salt 
Lick, and 2 horses — total value $350. 

June J'^'r?/?.— Charles Wood, overseer of the 
road from Quick's Run to head of Sycamore, 
had the following additional hands allotted to 
him: John Irwin, James Calhoun, and Andrew 

Mr. Wood lived on what is known as the 
John Wood farm, just at the top of the hill at 
the head of Quick's Run. Messrs. Calhoun 
and Sherdine both lived on the farm where 
Mrs. Brunette Secrest now lives. Mr. Wood 
had a tanyard, the remains of which are still 
to be seen. He w^as the father of John Wood, 
who lost his life on the same farm by being gored 
by a vicious bull, in 1872. Mrs. John Wood, 
nee Sarah Bell Stout, daughter of James Stout, 
later moved to Vanceburg. Her son, James 
Wood, who w-as deputy county clerk under 
R. D. Wilson, became paying teller in the 
Metropolitan National Bank, at Kansas City, 
Mo., and was a model young man of strictly 
correct habits. 

The Deatley family first come on the record 
at this session of the court. Austin Deatley and 
Gufhn Deatley are named as living in the 
bounds of a road from James Boyd's blacksmith 

298 History of Leicis County, Kentucky 

shop, on Cabin Creek, up the branch, and over 
the hill to Mason County line. 

July Term. — John Thompson was commis- 
sioned justice of the peace April 30, 1827. 

There appeared only two magistrates in 
August, and no court was held. 

September Term. — A road was made down 
Brown's Run, on Cabin Creek, on a route known 
as Tolle's path. George Rea, John Ginn, and 
Jose Tolle were the hands living on it. 

Daniel Swearingin, on account of old age, 
was released from being road overseer on Little 
East Fork of Cabin Creek. 

The Mudlick constable precinct was laid off, 
with the following bounds: Beginning at Rob- 
ert's old mill, on North Fork; thence with the 
county road to the top of the mountain above 
Esculapia; thence with the dividing ridge be- 
tween the waters of Salt Lick, Kinny, and 
North Fork to the Fleming County line; and 
with said line down North Fork to the place 
of beginning. 

The claims allowed this year against the 
county amounted to $28L16. The levy on 970 
tithes, at 50 cents, amounted to $485. 

John H. Reganstine was found by the 
sheriff as a taxpayer not listed by the assessor. 
Mr. Reganstine lived near the head of East 
Fork of Cabin Creek, near McKenzie post- 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 299 

office. His son, Henry, lived in that locality 
until his death, a few years ago, a model citizen, 
respected by all. His children were teachers 
in the county, possessing the best grade certifi- 
cates. Omar attended the Bible College of the 
Kentucky University, at Lexington, with the 
intent of becoming a minister of the gospel. 
He actually began to preach, and gave promise 
of much ability; but an attack of phthisis so 
affected his delivery that he has been compelled 
to desist from public speaking for some years, 
but recovered. He was married to Miss Ida 
Wellman, daughter of Jeremiah Wellman, some 
time in 1895. 

December Term brought in a settlement with 
the sheriff, showing him indebted to the county 
in the sum of thirty-nine dollars. 

Robert Smith was awarded a contract to 
repair the court-house in Clarksburg. 

H. C. Bedinger gave in lands and slaves 
valued at $5,636.50. 

January Term of Court of 1828. — On motion 
of Andrew May, it was ordered that Ezra 
Toncray, Baily Bryant, Daniel Thomas, and 
William Easham, Sr., were appointed commis- 
sioners to view a road beginning on the State 
Road at Cordingley's path; thence the nearest 
route to intersect the Salt Lick or Gunpowder 
Gap Road, near the house of Daniel Thomas. 

300 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Peter M, Cox, a regularly ordained minister 
of the "New Light" Church, was granted 
license to celebrate the rites of matrimony. 

Some years after this Mr, Cox became a 
little daft in mind, and was attending a meeting 
and baptizing under the ministry of Elder 
Hathaway, on the farm now owned by James 
Hampton, on Henderson's Fork of East Fork. 
After the candidates had all been baptized. 
Rev. Cox appeared on the bank of the creek 
at a place still known as "Hathaway's hole," 
where the baptizing occurred, and demanded 
that Elder Hathaway baptize him. The minis- 
ter protested, saying, "You have been baptized. 
Brother Cox." But he said "That John the 
Baptist at first refused the Savior, but He said 
suffer it to be so, for it becometh us to fulfill 
all righteousness, and. Brother Hathaway, you 
must baptize me." 

Hathawa}" got away from Brother Cox, who 
was still standing on the creek bank, and seeing 
that he was not likely to succeed in getting 
baptized, called out, "If you won't baptize me 
I will do it myself," and throwing up his hands, 
made a plunge into the water, and came out 
on the other side of the creek, much to the 
amusement of the spectators, some of whom 
are yet living in the county. 

On motion of the trustees and inhabitants 

History of Leivis Comity, Kentucky 301 

of Clarksburg, leave was granted them to build 
a schoolhouse on the public square for use of 

February Term. — The name of Charles Caines 
appears on the road list, from Clarksburg to 
Vanceburg. This is the first mention of the 
Caines family in the court record; but Mr. 
Caines afterward took a prominent part in the 
county's history, being a sheriff, accumulating 
quite a fortune, and rearing a large and influ- 
ential family. His old homestead is still stand- 
ing, about two miles from the river at Vance- 
burg, on the S. L. T. & M. Turnpike Road. 
It is now in possession of his son, C. G. Caines, 
whose daughter, Mrs. Morgan, and son Charles, 
are residing on it. 

The last will of David Looney was produced 
and proven by John Boyd and John Wiley. Mr. 
Looney was one of the earlier settlers on Crooked 
Creek, having probably settled there as early 
as 1800. There are none of his descendants 
now in the county. The family removed to 
Rush County, Ind., and carried some of Lewis 
Count}^ apple trees with them. In 1877 one of 
the family presented some of these apples, known 
as "Little Milam," to the editor of the Rush- 
ville Republican newspaper, who comments on 
Mr. Looney having brought them with him 
from Kentucky. But Mr. Looney did not 

302 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

bring them from Virginia. Mr. Israel Thomas 
did that by tying a few scions to a saddle and 
riding through from Virginia to Lewis County 
with them. In 1840 to 1850 the ''Milam" was 
the apple of Lewis County, a majority of all 
orchards being made up of that variety. There 
are many of these apples j^et, and as a general 
good keeper none are better. 

French Martin was relieved as overseer of 
the road on the "left hand fork of Salt Lick," 
and James McCormick is appointed in his stead. 

April Term. — Edward Wallace was appointed 
the first constable in the Mudlick District. 

Robt. Parker was appointed overseer of the 
road above Clarksburg to Cottingham's bridge. 

On motion of the heirs of George Wilson, 
deceased, it is ordered that the ferry at the 
upper end of Wilson's bottom be discontinued. 

Mathias Tolle, Daniel Fetters, Charles 
Himes, and Peter Hoover were appointed com- 
missioners to view and mark a roadway from 
the Ohio River, opposite Manchester, O., the 
nearest and best way over the hill to intersect 
the Crooked Creek Road, near Irwin's mill. 

Aaron Stratton granted tavern license at 
Kinny Crossing on the Ohio River Road, and 
W. B. Parker the same at Clarksburg. 

June Term. — On motion of William Watkins 
and John P. Savage, leave was given them to 

History of Lewis Couniy, Kentucky 303 

build a mill dam on land they owned, embracing 
the stream of Indian Run, a branch of Cabin 

Se'ptemher Term. — The last will and testa- 
ment of George Wilson, on account of the death 
and removal of the subscribing witnesses, was 
proven by the oaths of Samuel Wilson, Andrew 
Wilson, and W^illiam Hendrickson. 

Chancy B. Shepherd gave in a list of prop- 
erty for taxation embracing 13 blacks over 
16 years of age, and 11 others, a total of 24 blacks 
and 26 horses and mules, at a total value of 

The claims allowed this year amounted to 
$617.11, and the taxes assessed on 994 tithes, 
at $1 each, to $994. 

January Term of Court of 1829. — The last 
will of Francis Henderson was admitted to 
probate and proven by Joseph Taylor and 
James Dickson. 

James McClain, who had been commissioned 
sheriff November 11, 1828, resigned his seat 
as justice of the peace in the court. John and 
Daniel Halbert were appointed his deputies. 

February Term. — There was no court held 
in February nor March. 

April Term. — G. "Washington" Bruce got 
permission to build a mill above the first island 
in Kinny above the mouth. 

304 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

William Fletcher Mavity, a minister of the 
gospel in the Christian Church, on Cabin Creek, 
was granted a license to celebrate the rites of 
matrimon3\ He gave bond with Daniel Hal- 
bert and John Irwin securities. 

The settlement of Motley M. Morrison's 
estate was ordered. 

John G. McDowell renewed his bond as 

Lewis G. Fry was made a constable in Dis- 
trict No. 3. 

The last will of Susanna Thomas was proven 
by James McClain and William McEldowney. 

James McCormick was discharged and Jacob 
Strode appointed overseer on Salt Lick Road. 
Woodford Roberts made overseer on the road 
above Clarksburg to Cottingham's bridge, and 
Laban Tolle on the Three Island Road, to 
Brown's Run, on Cabin Creek. 

Jonathan Corns had moved from Ohio to 
the river bottom above Concord, and he was 
given an order on the sheriff for six dollars as 
per an account filed with the court. 

May Term. — David Polly died intestate, and 
his wife, Elizabeth, and his father, David Polly, 
were granted administration. 

July Term. — Andrew Wilson resigned as a 
magistrate, and Alexander Young having re- 
moved from the countv, did the same. 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 305 

Barton Palmer was appointed one of the 
commissioners to examine and settle the estate 
of Thomas Bragg; but he was afterward re- 
leased and another appointed in his stead. 

William Barkley was appointed guardian 
for the children of John Hendrickson. 

August Term. — James Fyffe died intestate, 
and administration was granted his wife, Nancy, 
with Wm. Watkins, J. P. Savage, and Thomas 
Grover as her securities on a bond of five thou- 
sand dollars. In November Nancy married 
Joseph Watkins, and her securities moved the 
court for counter securities. 

September Term. — Thomas Marshall resigned 
as justice of the peace in Lewis County. 

John Stalcup was appointed overseer of the 
lower Quick's Run Road, vice John Voiers, re- 

October Term. — On a proposed road up the 
river from Wilson's old ferry to Concord, the 
commissioners found the lands of George Wil- 
son, deceased, David Davis, John Stephenson, 
heirs of Thomas Forman, but occupied by 
John Purcell, Littleberry Bedford, Michael and 
John Doyle, Ben. Bedford, John Stephenson, 
Esq., a Mr. Tolle, Tavenor Moore, and Edward 
Stephenson. Above Ed. Stephenson's the road 
was to strike a street in the town of Concord, 
and follow the same to the crossing of Sycamore 


306 History of Lewis Connty, Kentucky 

Creek. John Wilson was ordered to open said 

John Fry resigned as constable, and Wni. 
McEldowney as justice of the peace. 

Five new justices were recommended by 
this court to the governor, Thos. Metcalf, for 
his appointment. 

Caleb Richards was appointed by the court 
as constable in stead of John Fry, resigned. 

Larkin Liles, the first of that family men- 
tioned, is named as a hand on John Thompson's 
road, on Kinny. 

Curtis Launtz, overseer on the Three Island 
Road in the stead of Samuel Wilson, and John 
appointed on the Quick's Run Road, from the 
forks to the dividing ridge toward Cabin Creek. 

Joseph Robb, County Court and Circuit 
Court clerk, produced commission from the 
governor as notary public. 

The claims this year were $534.91; levy on 
1,017 tithes, at $1, $1,017. 

Robert Grant died intestate, and F. R. 
Singleton was appointed administrator. 

George Warner was allowed a fee as a guard 
over criminals. 

November Term. — Daniel K. Putman, a min- 
ister in the Methodist Episcopal Church of the 
United States, was granted a license to cele- 
brate the rites of matrimony. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 307 

Fred R. Singleton and John Johnson were 
commissioned as justices October 24, 1829, and 
took their seats in court. 

December Term. — John Fry was commis- 
sioned as a justice of the peace October 24^ 

Charles Cox got tavern license at Clarks- 
burg this year. 

John Patterson lived on Reed's Run, near 
the forks of Sycamore, and Edward Stephenson 
owned the tanyard at Concord, as shown by a 
road order from the house of Patterson to the 
Ohio River, passing by the tannerj^ That road 
was probably on the exact ground now occupied 
by the C. & T. Turnpike. 

February Term of Court of 1830. — Henry Hal- 
bert being about to remove from the county, 
resigned his commission as justice of the 

Robert Bagby, Jr., chose Mathew Thompson 
as his guardian. 

March Term. — Edward and John Stephen- 
son petitioned the court for the establishment 
of a town on their lands at the mouth of Syca- 
more. They had complied the law in such cases 
made and provided by advertising on the court- 
house door and by notice in the Maysville Eagle 
newspaper, and "On due consideration of the 
application of the proprietors and petitioners 

308 History of Leivis Comity, Kentucky 

hath been granted them by the court agreeable 
to their petition and notice, a town established, 
called Concord." The following are the re- 
corded metes and bounds of the said town: 
"Beginning at the stone on the bank of the 
Ohio River, North 52° West from the mouth of 
Sj^camore and 42 poles below the mouth of 
said creek. Then from said stone, South 36° 
West 72 poles to another stone as a corner, and 
from thence North 54° West 100 poles to a 
stone, and from thence North 36° East 76 poles 
to a stone on the bank of the Ohio River, and 
from thence up the same and binding thereon 
to the beginning, containing forty-six and one- 
quarter acres, more or less." 

A ferry was also granted to John Stephenson, 
and the rates established as follows: ''For 
wagon, team, and driver, $1 ; for carriage. Dear- 
born or phaeton, horses, and driver, 50 cents; 
man and horse, 25 cents; single or led horse, 
12V? cents; every head of horned or neat cattle, 
634 cents; every sheep, hog, or goat, 3 cents; all 
other property in proportion to these rates." 

Hugh IVIcIlvaine removed from the countjs 
and W. B. Parker was appointed in his stead 
as trustee for the town of Clarksburg. 

April Term. — George McCreary had been 
commissioned as justice of the peace, and took 
his seat in court. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 309 

G. Washington Parker was appointed deputy 
county clerk. 

Abednego Hunt made counter claim against 
Thomas Marshall for the maintenance of John 
Dredden and wife, for whom the court had 
granted Marshall an order on the sheriff, and it 
was ordered the sheriff retain said money in 
his hands till a settlement was effected with 
Mr. Marshall. The money was afterward paid 
to Mr. Hunt. 

The court refused to adopt as the road law 
an Act of the Legislature relating to roads. 

The Rev. Thomas Gibbons, minister of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, was granted a 
license to unite persons in the bonds of matri- 

Caleb Richards resigned as constable, and 
William Hamlin was appointed in his stead. 

William Lloyd bought the dower of Mary 
Kennard in the estate of William Kennard and 
prayed for a division of the property. 

Thomas J. Walker was appointed assessor 
of that half of the county lying northwest of 
the State Road from Vanceburg to the North 
Fork, and William Heath of that portion lying 
southeast of the same road. 

William Norwood had been commissioned 
as justice of the peace, but refused to qualify, 
and court recommended James Boyd and John 

310 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Tolle to the governor, one of which was to be 
appointed. The court then made Mr. Norwood 
overseer of the road from the Mason County 
line, up Cabin Creek to Swearingin's horsemill — 
they seemed determined that he should have an 

Abel Burris was appointed road overseer 
from Thomas Parker's to Jonathan Hayden's, 
and Jacob Applegate from Swearingin's mill 
over to Widow McKenzie's, on East Fork. / 

Preparations for the first alms or "poor- 
house" was begun at this court. Aaron Owens, 
John McDaniel, Mathew Thompson, and Arch. 
Frizzell were appointed commissioners to find 
a, site and contract for land for the same. In 
about a year afterward they reported that they 
had bought of Daniel and William Hendrickson 
thirty acres on Indian Run, a tributary to Cabin 
Creek, at two dollars per acre. The court ac- 
cepted this, and the poor-house was established 
there, where it remained till 1881. 

Jiily Term. — Willis Bagby was appointed 
guardian for William and John Bagby, infant 
heirs of Robt. Bagby, deceased. 

August Term. — Last will of Ruth Burris was 
proven by Jno. P. Savage and Barton Lee, sub- 
scribing witnesses. Richard Taylor, Nesbet 
Taylor, William Watkins, and Thomas Boggs, 

History of Leivis County ^ Kentucky 311 

September Term. — Rev. John Thompson, a 
"New Light" minister, was granted a Hcense to 
marry people. 

October Term. — Edward Wallace resigned as 
constable in the Mudlick District. 

The levy on 1,050 polls was $657.50. 

Alexander Bruce was ordered to take care 
of Anges Ruffner, who was sick at his house, and 
mentally deranged, and to employ medical aid 
for him; and if no friends came to pay his bills, 
to report the same to the court. 

November Term. — John Fry resigned as 
justice of the peace. Mr. Fry seemed fond 
of resigning. He had twice before resigned as 
constable and once as road overseer before he 
resigned as magistrate. 

December Term. — The last will of Thomas 
Kukins was probated, with Thos. Y. Payne and 
John M. Roulston witnesses. 

January Term of Court of 1831. — G. "Wash- 
ington" Bruce built two more mills on Lower 

Joseph G. Ward, a minister of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, was granted a license to 
"practice matrimony on other people." 

Wm. P. Ball was commissioned sheriff No- 
vember 6, 1830. 

W'illiam Taylor admitted as an attorney at 
the Lewis County bar. 

312 History of Lewis Comity, Kentucky 

February Term. — Archibald Frizzell renewed 
his bond as coroner. 

March Term. — James W. Singleton was ap- 
pointed a justice January 24, 1831. 

April Term. — Robert Means was appointed 
constable in District No. 4, to fill the place of 
James Singleton, promoted to justice of the 
peace; and Mathias Tolle also in District No. 2,. 
while W. C. Logan and ^^illiam Heath renewed 
their bonds as constables in other districts. 

A new constable precinct was formed, begin- 
ning at Samuel Cummings' farm; thence down 
the river to the mouth of Blockhouse Run; 
thence up the same to the dividing ridge between 
the waters of Crooked and Sycamore, and with 
said ridge around and including all the waters 
of Sycamore to the place of beginning. Mathew 
Hanning was appointed constable in the new 

Thomas Mitchell, who had been acting jailer 
since 1819, but who had failed, through neglect, 
to give bond at proper times, had a special Act 
in his favor passed by the Legsilature under 
which he renewed his bond in this court. 

Abednego Hunt was allowed fifty dollars 
for keeping his mother-in-law, Mrs. Dredden. 

Ambrose D. Parker was appointed asses- 
sor in the South District, and Thos. J. Walker 
in the North District. 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 31 S 

At this court an excellent plat of the town 
of Concord was presented to the court and was 
recorded in the order book. It shows all the 
streets and alleys as first laid out. Water Street 
and the lots in front of it, and also about one- 
third of the width of those back of it, are now 
gone down the Ohio River. The next street 
parallel to the river is "Madison." It is now 
the roadbed of the C. & O. R. R. The first 
street next to Sycamore, and running back from 
the river, is Washington, and then in order fol- 
lowing are "Jackson," "Main," "Adams," and 
"Jefferson." The "public spring" at the north- 
east corner of the lot included by Main and 
Madison, is shown, and it still exists in the 
corner of Mrs. W. H. Coxe's yard. 

George F. Fox was appointed overseer of 
the Three Island Road from near Donovan's to 
Phillipp's Creek, and Thomas Essex was ap- 
pointed on the road from Quick's Run to Salt 
Lick, called Hance's Trace. 

Reason Beckett on the road from Benjamin 
Plummers to North Fork. 

The court authorized commissioners to build 
a permanent bridge across Salt Lick, at the 
"Sycamore Ford." At a future court it was 
found that the contract had been awarded to 
James Cooper, at $250, of which $18.25 had 
been subscribed by citizens, and the remainder 

314 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

was appropriated by the court out of money 
in the hands of the sheriff. 

Wm. H. Taylor was appointed Common- 
wealth attorney by the court, and his salary 
fixed at fifty dollars for one year. He was also 
allowed to read that "Little's Digest," for which 
reading Benj. Aills served the county one j^ear 
as attorney. 

The settlement with the late sheriff, James 
McClain, for two years showed the county in- 
debted to him by overdrawn orders during the 
first year of eighty-six dollars, and that he owed 
the county for the second year $15.68. 

June Term. — William Watkins was commis- 
sioned surveyor April 26, 1831. 

John G. McDowell was appointed constable 
in District No. 1, with Rowland T. Parker, 
Alexander Bruce, and John Halbert, securities. 

John Aills was granted permission to build 
a mill-dam on Quick's Run. 

July Term. — Nicholas Elson w^as commis- 
sioned justice of the peace June 25, 1831, and 
received the books of Thos. Marshall. 

John Strode was granted tavern license at 

August Term. — rElijah H. Thomas, overseer 
on the Kinnj^ Road, is ordered to begin Ben. 
Cole's (T. B. Harrison's) and work up to Bear 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 315 

September Term. — The first road from Ben. 
Cole's to Vanceburg was laid off at this time, and 
passed up the right hand fork of Grassy to the 
top of the hill, and then turned to the left to 
the point leading into Dry Run Branch; and 
thence down said branch to the Ohio Lick, and 
thence to the river, at Vanceburg. Ambrose D. 
McDaniel, overseer and hands; John W. John- 
son, overseer and hands; Ben Cole, overseer 
and hands; Elijah H. Thomas, overseer and 
hands; Cole Redden, overseer and hands, were 
ordered to assist John Thomas, who was over- 
seer of the new road, in opening the same. 

October Term. — The clerk, Joseph Robb, re- 
ported seventy deeds as recorded hy him from 
October, 1830, to October, 1831. Quite a large 
number of them were for lots in Concord, and 
one of these was to John Lovel, father of Hon. 
R. B. Lovell, now of Maysville. 

The claims allowed this year amounted to 
$321,081/2, and the tithables were 1,128, at 
623^2 cents each, amounting to $705; fines, etc., 
collected, $16.69, making a total amount of 

Commissioners were appointed to build a 
poorhouse at Poplar Flat, on the land purchased 
of Messrs. Hendrickson. 

The sheriff found Johnson Littleton as a 
taxpayer who had not been assessed. 

316 History of Lewis County, Kentiicky 

Noiemher Term. — The sheriff, after having 
advertised in the Maysville Eagle and on the 
court-house door, according to law, proceeded 
to sell the lands on which taxes had not been 
paid. No bids were offered, and the lands were 
"knocked down" to the State as purchaser. 

W. S. Parker was paid $17 for a stove for the 
county clerk's office. 

January Term of Court of 1832. — The last 
will of Thomas Mackey was probated, and 
Thomas Mackey and William Kelly were execu- 

March Term. — Wm. D. Lyons, of Quick's 
Run, made a motion to have the road changed 
from the upper corner of Wm. Pell's field to 
the upper corner of his own field. 

John Hilles was appointed a commissioner 
to view a road from the mouth of Clear Creek, 
a tributary to Cabin Creek, across the hill to 
Robt. Rea's, on East Fork. 

April Term. — There is a meeting house men- 
tioned as being on Sycamore in April, 1832, 
and a place on the Ohio, above Pond Run, called 
"The Deadening." It seems to be on the land 
of Geo. G. Graham. 

Joseph Tolle was appointed overseer from 
f^ Widow McKenzie's, on East Fork, over the 
ridge and down Crooked Creek to Wilson's 
sand fields. 

History of Leivis Couniy, Kentucky 317 

On the Quick's Run Road, from Moses 
Ormes' place, to intersect the Salt Lick and 
Washington Road at a schoolhouse on the top 
of the hill, between Parker's and Everett's, 
James Price was appointed overseer and Thomas 
Pool, Andrew Pool, David Irwin, Wm. McCann, 
and John McCann were allotted as hands. 
Alexander Irwin, overseer, over age, was re- 
leased from this road. 

James Pollitt was made overseer from Swear- 
ingin's mill to where the Salt Lick Road crosses 
the Three Island Road; one of his hands not 
hitherto mentioned was William Hillis, an 
uncle to Lewis County's present county judge. 

William Cropper was overseer on Salt Lick 
from Daniel Thomas' house to Gunpowder Gap. 
He had, as hands, William Esham, Allen 
Martin, Dudley Martin, Solomon Cropper, 
James McCormick, Jno. B. McDaniel, Elias 
Spurgin, George Johnson, James Ruark, and 
John Esham. 

King D. McClain was appointed deputy 
county clerk. 

W. H. Taylor refused the appointment of 
county attorney, and he was also fined one 
dollar for contempt concerning an order of the 
court appointing road commissioners. 

Henry C. Bedinger is charged with having 
the Ohio Salt Works this year (1832). 

318 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

June Term. — Jacob, Myer, overseer from 
Sycamore over to Crooked Creek, had John 
Myers, Robert Myers, Jacob Slaton, Richard 
Kelhim, Joseph D. Smith, Jos. Moore, John 
Patterson, Samuel and Ezekiel Doyle, Jos. 
Huffman, John, James, and Charles Stevenson, 
Brice Virgin, and John Moore as hands on his 

Tavernor Moore, overseer on road from the 
bottom below Concord up Sycamore, had, as 
hands, Ezekiel Reed, Jas. Reed, Samuel Cogan, 
John Pasahal, John Robb, Edward Parks, 
Sheldon Riggs, Arthur Stevenson, Michael 
Spawn, Wm. Wade, John Hayslip, John Morris, 
Thos. Tacker, Jos. Davis, Allen Williams, John 
Greenlee, Thomas, Isaac, and Joseph Linley, 
Samuel Stevenson, George Rea, James Stephen- 
son, John Munford, Edward Stephenson, D. B. 
Morgan, Jesse Mathiny, John Lovel, John L. 
Boyd, Eli Bilyen, Samuel Bilyen, and Paul 

The older citizens in the Concord vicinity, 
and some of the younger ones, will remember 
most every man named in this list as citizens 
of that little town, or adjacent to it. The Reeds 
and Cogans are still residents of that vicinity. 
John Greenlee went to Iowa; the Rea, Steven- 
son, and Bilyen families still have representa- 
tives on the old camping grounds of their fathers. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 319 

John Lovel and John L. Boyd died in Concord, 
but the Boyd family is still living there. 

July Term. — Charles Himes, Ferdinand Fry, 
Mike Fetters, Joshua Graham, Wm. Fry, Lewis 
G. Frj^, Daniel Fetters, James Kennard, John 
Hoover, Wm. and Jacob Mowery are all men- 
tioned as hands on the Chalk ridge and Mc- 
Kenzie Road. 

Elijah H. Thomas was appointed clerk of 
the election on Kinny. 

Henry Bivan was made overseer from Ken- 
nedy's bottom, over Martin's Gap to Quick's 

John Hunter chose Elijah H. Thomas as 
his guardian. 

Elijah H. Thomas, above mentioned, was the 
father of Judge G. M. Thomas, of Vanceburg. 

September Term. — Clayton Bane, John and 
Madison Osburn are new hands on John Walker's 

Harrison Ball was appointed deputy sheriff 
under Wm. P. Ball. 

October Term. — Joseph Robb, county court 
clerk, made his annual settlement w4th court 
of the taxes received by him. The amount due 
the State was $U5.S^^. 

Tavern license and license for clock peddlers 
cost ten dollars each. There was a great rage 
in clock peddling about this time. The clocks 

320 History of Leivis Couniy, Kentucky 

were sold on credit at about thirty dollars each, 
and many of them are still to be found as heir- 
looms in the families of the descendants of that 

Thomas Meglassen is named as a hand on 
the "Three Island Road." 

The name of Uriah McKellup, who was af- 
terward a representative of Lewis County in 
the Legislature, first appears in the record of 
this court as a hand on the Cabin Creek Road, 
under the supervisorship of Eli Vaughn. 

John Thomas renewed his bond as consta- 
ble in the Mudlick District. 

Charles Caines got the job on the court- 
house repairs at forty-three dollars, of which 
sum the county clerk assumed five dollars and 
the count}^ the remainder. 

In those days those magistrates were selected 
by the court each year to grant injunctions, 
writs of ne exeat, restraining orders, writs of 
habeas corpus, etc. This year Alex. Bruce, 
F. R. Singleton, and \Y. B. Parker were selected. 

Claims allowed amounted to $268.25. The 
tithes were taken at 1,128, per 62}^ cents each, 
amounting to $705. 

The Legislature had changed the law in 
regard to assessing, and no assessment had 
been made. The estimate was made on the 
previous year. 

History of Leivis Coimty, Kentuclcy 321 

Jefferson Evans was appointed county at- 

The poorhouse was received of the con- 
tractor, Stephen Halbert. 

December Term. — The Rev. David Hatha- 
way, of the Christian or "New Light Church," 
was hcensed to perform the marriage service 
for people in Lewis County. 

The first mention of Socrates Holbrook, who 
was ever after a conspicuous figure in the Lewis 
County Court till his death, at Vanceburg, in 
1885, and whose picture, life-size, now hangs in 
the court-room, appears in this session of the 
court in a bastardy case between William Ham- 
lin and Mary Swearingin. Mr. Holbrook won 
the case for his client, and the court, on his 
motion, proceeded to recommend him as a 
young man of honesty, probity, and good de- 
meanor to the judges of the Circuit Court. 

It was ordered that a set of rules for the 
observance of everybody connected with the 
court be drafted, and Joseph Robb and two 
of the magistrates were appointed to do the 

January Term of Court of 1833. — Samuel 
Ezekiel Forman was appointed overseer to cut 
out the new road from Wilson's old ferry, op- 
posite Manchester, O., to widow Lewis' land, in 
Doyle's bottom. 


322 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Aaron Stratton was commissioned sheriff 
October 26, 1832. 

Robt. Means was appointed assessor in the 
*' North District" and John G. McDowell in 
the South. 

February Term. — Aaron Stratton died, and a 
court was called to qualify a new sheriff. It 
was found that Thompson N. Stratton had 
been commissioned by the governor, and he 
was therefore qualified. 

Henry C. Bedinger had removed and John 
Carter was appointed road overseer in his stead 
on the road from Quick's Run to Rocky Ford 
of Salt Lick, near Vanceburg. 

March Term.— The order book for 1832-33 
was the first that had ruled paper, and the 
clerk did some artistic work in colored inks in 
marking the headings of the different monthly 
courts. It must be seen to be appreciated. 

Abner Brightman was commissioned justice 
February 22, 1833, and was seated in this ses- 

On the road from the top of the mountain 
above Esculapia, to North Fork below Robert's 
old mill, lived William Mackey. Thos. J. 
Sabins, John West, Henry Luman, Jesse Luman, 
Thomas Osburn, George Sanders, Wm. Rayburn, 
Louder Pollitt, Thomas Pollitt, James Pollitt, 
James Warren, Benjamin Williams, Lander 

History of Lewis County, Kentuchy 3'23 

Hurst, Nimrod Thomas, Henry Morrison, Staten 
West, George Johnson, and John Fiord. 

Daniel Cupp is noted as a citizen on the road 
from the lower end of AYilson's bottom to James 
West's, on the hill near the Lewis and Mason- 
County line. 

April Term. — Isaac Eads was road overseer 
up Brown's Run to Wilson's old farm, near the 
Mason County line, and William Tully and 
Jackson Tully were hands on his road. 

On the Salt Lick and Washington Road 
John Hayden w^as overseer, and Abraham Carr, 
Jonathan Hayden, Jesse Truesdale, Charles 
Taylor, Harrison Everett, Abel Burris, and 
Alex. Menix were hands to work under him. 

Silas Wallingford is an additional hand on 
Coleman Riddle's road, on Kinny. 

Mathias Tolle received his bond as consta- 
ble in Lewis County. 

John A. Clark and Curtis Smulling, ministers 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, were granted 
licenses to marry people. 

Jesse Hamrick, also of the same Church, 
granted the same privilege. 

June Term. — Rowland T. Parker, Alex. 
Bruce, George Swingle, Jeremiah Snyder, and 
Thos. E. Redden were appointed trustees of 
the town of Vanceburg. 

Constable District No. 2 was divided into 

324 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

two sections for the upper end of the whirlpool, 
at Vanceburg, back with State Road to the line 
of District No. 1. The upper side to be called 
Kinny, and the lower or down-river side to be 
called Vanceburg District. 

Wm. Frizzell was allowed to keep tavern in 
Vanceburg one year by depositing ten dollars 
with the clerk as license fee. 

John G. McDowell renewed his bond as 
constable in District No. 1. 

July Term. — John' Dojde proved in court, in 
order to get a pension under certain x\ct of 
Congress, that he was a Revolutionary soldier. 
The record further on shows others doing the 
same, and we hope to be able to show thereby 
the names of all Lewis County's soldiers of the 

John and George Hoobler were citizens liv- 
ing on the river road above Vanceburg, and in 
the neighborhood of Pleasant M. Savage. 

August Term. — Richard Bane is also proven 
a soldier of the Revolution. 

The court ordered that Alex, and John 7 
^ McKenzie, John G. Piper, Ambrose Thompson, 
William Thompson, Ellis Owens, Amos Means, 
Willoughby Flinn, Isaac Dickson, Geo. F. Elijah, 
and John Hendrickson, Francis Fagan, Raleigh 
Fagans, and Henry Pagans work under John 
Piper, and keep the road from McKenzie's, Jk 
toward Concord, in repair. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 325 

September Term. — Benj. Henness was ap- 
pointed trustee in Vanceburg instead of Geo. 
Swingle, removed from the town, and Thos. N. 
Davis in place of Alex. Bruce, who refused to 
qualify. George Swingle and Thomas Williams 
were two more of the soldiers of the Revolution. 

October Term. — John Means produced a com- 
mission as paymaster of the 69th Regiment of 
Kentucky Militia. 

The claims allowed this year amounted to 
$374.89. Fines and taxes collected to $36.33, and 
the levy on 1,154 tithables, at 50 cents, to $577. 

There was nothing of importance in the 
January term of court of 1834. 

Februaj-y Term of Court of 183 Jf. — Thomas 
Marshall, road overseer, had Henry Lucas, Wil- 
liam King, and Mr. W. Brittam as hands to 
work under him. 

The following rather peculiar, though per- 
haps valuable, record was made in the order 
book of the Lewis County Court: "The follow- 
ing persons are the only heirs of James P. 
Savage, deceased: Pleasant M. Savage, James 
Savage, John P. Savage, Francis Asbury Savage, 
Samuel P. Savage, William P. Savage, Mary 
Jane Johnson, late Mary Stout, the daughter and 
only child of Sally Stout, who, previous to her 
marriage, was Sally Savage and the daughter 
of the above-named James Savage, deceased; 

326 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

and James A. Frizzell, Alexander Frizzell, and 
Margaret Frizzell, children of Polly W. Frizzell, 
deceased, who was, previous to her marriage, 
Polly W. Savage and the daughter of the above- 
named James P. Savage, deceased." 

April Term. — Rowland T. Parker resigned as 
constable in Vanceburg. 

Thos. J. Bunn, overseer of road near Clarks- 
burg; Henry Pell above the forks of Quick's 
Run; Samuel Pollitt on the Clarksburg and 
Williamsburg Road; Thomas Sanders on the 
Spy Run Road; James Ruark on the Salt Lick 
and Flemingsburg Road; Daniel Thomas on 
the left fork of Salt Lick; and George Moss on 
road from Quick's Run to Vanceburg. 

On motion of Rowland Parker a road was 
ordered viewed from State Creek, over the hill 
to Kinny, at the mouth of Trace, and thence 
up the same to Greenup County line. 

George McCreary Wilson, Esq., was granted 
license to celebrate the rites of matrimony. 

May Term. — King D. McClain was ap- 
pointed justice April, 1834. He lived in Con- 

Samuel and Andrew Manuel were hands on 
the Quick's Run Road to the top of the hill, at 
Joseph Taylor's. 

Jacob Staily died intestate, and his widow, 
Susan Staily, was granted the administration. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 327 

A commission to settle accounts of guardians, 
administrators, and executors was appointed, 
according to an Act of the Legislature, and Wm. 
Mitchell, W. S. Parker, and Joseph Robb were 
the appointees. Thus slowly the business affairs 
of the court was developing toward that period 
where a county judge should be elected and 
take charge of these several side issues in the 

The following gentlemen seem to have lived 
on the Spy Run Road: Jason and Elias Miller, 
Henry Liles, James Clark, Thomas Zornes, 
John and William Royster, Levi Royster, 
Thomas Bruce, Thomas Williams, Constantine 
Bruce, Thomas and Edward Campbell. 

The last will of David Davis was proven 
by John Kelly and Samuel Spencer. 

A road from Buck Lick to Fleming County 
passed through the lands of Thomas West, 
Henry Morrison, Bullock's heirs, Harmon Hurst, 
William Rayburn, James Duke, Nicholas Wal- 
lingford, Jordon Ruark, and Milton Grigsby. 

September Term. — The last will of James 
Graham was proven in part by Joshua Graham, 
and laid over for further proof. 

October Term. — The commissioners appointed 
to let the poor-house had not succeeded in finding 
anybody who wanted it, and the court author- 
ized to offer for bids again, and to let the public 

328 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

know that the county would pay seventy dollars 
per annum for the keeping of each pauper. 

John Thompson was made constable in the 
Mudlick District. 

George Conway was granted the adminis- 
tration of the estate of Richard Conway. 

Claims allowed amount to $344.83; 1,183 
tithes, at 62J/2 cents, amount to $739.37j/2- 

iVlfred Frizzell admitted as an attorney at 
the Lewis County bar. 

Willis Bagby was appointed road overseer 
from Montgomery Run, up the river toward 
Portsmouth to John Thompson's. 

November Term. — Benjamin Aills had been 
commissioned justice of the peace, and took 
his seat in the court. 

December Term. — John Stockholm was regis- 
tered in court as a Revolutionary soldier. 

Joseph Foxworthy, Dudley Calvert, Wm. 
Winsor, and Isaac Ginn are hands on William 
Campbell's road. 

William P. Savage was appointed as deputy 
county clerk. 

January Term of Court of 1835. — Thompson 
N. Stratton got a ferry privilege across Kinny, 
near the mouth. He also was granted tavern 
license at his house on the bank of Kinny. 

William B. Parker was made sheriff of Lewis 
County November 1, 1834. 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 329 

George Means was appointed constable in 
District No. 4. 

Robt. W. Robb got license to keep tavern 
in the house once occupied by Rowland T. 
Parker, in Vanceburg. 

William S. Parker and Harry Willim were 
recommended for justices. 

Wm. Mitchell, John Kendrick, and Leroy 
Preston Parker were appointed deputies to the 
high sheriff. 

The court appointed commissioners to im- 
prove the State Road, and took their bonds, as 
required by an Act of the Legislature. (See 
Chapter of Acts.) 

John Purcell, through his attorney, Horatio 
Bruce, moved the court for a change in the road 
through Doyle's bottom. 

Nathaniel Kirk wanted the Gun Powder 
Gap and Flemingsburg Road changed, some- 
where near Kirk Springs. 

Larkin Liles, of Lower Kinny, died between 
the December term of 1834 and the January 
term of 1835, as is evidenced by an account 
brought into the latter term in relation to him. 

February Term. — AYilliam S. Parker, justice 
of the peace, appointed in the room of W. B. 
Parker, promoted to sheriff. 

March Term. — This term was principally 
taken up by suits against Thompson N. Stratton, 

330 Hisiory of Leuns Cowity, Kenhicl~y 

administrator of the estate of Aaron Stratton, 
deceased; but it seems that Mr. Stratton got out 
"on top" in most of the cases, even if "Socrates 
Holbrook was against him." 

The last will of John Means was admitted 
to probate with Amos Means as executor. 

Henry Halbert's property was administered 
by John Halbert. 

Elijah H. Thomas was appointed constable 
in the Kinny District. 

May Term. — ^Yillianl Kellum was granted 
the administration of the intestate property of 
Richard Kellum. 

King D. McClain took the administration 
of the estate of AYilliam Mackaboy, upon the 
refusal of Francis Feagans and Willoughby 
Flinn, his nearest of kin, to qualify. 

Jacob Stricklett was overseer of the road 
from Kennedy's bottom over to Martin's Fork 
of Quick's Run, in the room of Henry Bivan, 

For thirty years we have given you, in the 
succession of offices, the doings of the courts as 
well; but feel we must call a halt for lack of 
space and only give you from here to the con- 
clusion of this chapter simply the succession 
of officers. 

Officers from 1833 to 1835.— Joseph Robb, 
clerk County Court; William Watkins, county 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 331 

surveyor; Archibald Frizzell, coroner; Thos. 
Mitchell, jailer; Jefferson Evans, county attor- 
ney; Aaron Stratton, sheriff, deceased; Thomp- 
son N. Stratton appointed sheriff February, 

Justices. — Thomas Parker, Edward Stephen- 
son, Joshua Power, Fred R. Singleton, John 
Johnson, George McC. Wilson, Alexander Bruce, 
James Boyd, James McClain, Chas. C. Marshall, 
Abnor Brightman, King J. McClain, Benjamin 
Aills, William S. Parker, Robert Means. 

Constables.— Jno. G. McDowell, No. 1 ; Math- 
ias Tolle, No. 3; William Hamlin, No. 5; John 
Thomas, Mudlick; Joseph H. Davis, Concord; 
James H. Cooper, No. 2; Jacob Frizzell, Vance- 
burg; Elijah H. Thomas, Kinniconnick; George 
Means, No. 4. 

Officers from 1835 to i5.S5.— Joseph Robb, 
county clerk; Thos. Parker, sheriff; William 
Watkins, surveyor; Thos. Mitchell, jailer; Soc- 
rates Holbrook, county attorney. 

Justices.— -Zoshn^ Powers, Fred Singleton, 
John Johnson, George McC. Wilson, Alex. 
Bruce, James Boyd, James McClain, Chas. C. 
Marshall, King D. McClain, William S. Parker, 
Robt. Means, John T. Waddle, John Hampton, 
Jonathan Ruggles, Harvey Griffith, Chancy B. 

Constables. — John Laech, No. 1; Jas. H 

332 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Cooper (resigned), No. 2; Mathias Tolle, No. 3; 
Geo. Means (resigned), No. 4; William Hamlin 
(dead). No. 5; John Thomas (resigned), Mudlick; 
Jas. H. Davis (out). Concord; Jacob Frizzell 
(out), Vanceburg; Elijah H. Thomas (out), 
Kinny; Humphrey Beckett, Mudlick; Chas. T. 
Apperson, Kinny; Richard W. Davis (out). 
Concord; Robt. Robb (resigned), Vanceburg; 
Harry Parker (resigned), No. 2. 

Officers from 1838 to 181^2: Charles Caines, 
sheriff (resigned) ; Alexander Bruce, appointed 
sheriff; William Watkins, surveyor; Thos. Mitch- 
ell, jailer; Socrates Holbrook, county attorney; 
Robt. W. Robb, treasurer; Joseph Robb, clerk. 

Justices. — Joshua Power (resigned), Geo. 
McC. Wilson (dead), James Boyd, James Mc- 
Clain, Chas. C. Marshall, King D. McClain, 
William Parker, Robert Means, John T. Waddle, 
Jonathan Ruggles, Stephen V. Bliss, Joshua 
Power (reappointed), Geo. F. Hendrickson, 
John Thompson, Geo. W. Collins, Richard 
Nash, Robt. W. Robb, Alfred H. Frizzell. 

Constables. — John Leach, No. 1 ; James Dick- 
son, No. 2; Asa McNeal, No. 3; Wm. H. Thomp- 
son, No. 4; James Hoover, No. 5; Jno. R. Duke, 
Concord; William F. Hamrick, Mudlick; Jos. M. 
Montgomery, Clarksburg; John Stone, Laurel 
Fork; Jeremiah Snyder, Vanceburg. 

Officers of 18J^Jf.. — John W. Mitchell, coroner; 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 333 

John P. Pell, surveyor; Thomas Mitchell, jailer; 
Larkin J. Proctor, county attorney; vice S. 
Holle; Robt. W. Robb, treasurer vacant land 
warrants; Joseph Robb, county clerk, notary, 
and treasurer jury fund; James McClain, sheriff. 

Magistrates. — King D. McClain, Wm. S. 
Parker, Robert Means, John Waddell, John P. 
^ Hampton, Jonathan Ruggles, Stephen V. Bliss, 
Joshua Power, John Thompson, Geo. \Y. Col- 
lins, Richard Nash, Robt. D. Taylor, Nathaniel 
R. Garland, James Boyd, Robt. G. Carter, 
Nathan B. Webster, John W. Veach. 

Officers from 181^2 to 181^9.— John Mitchell, 
coroner; John Pell, county surveyor; Larkin J. 
Proctor, county attorney; Robt. W. Robb, 
county clerk; James McClain, sheriff. 

Justices. — King D. McClain, Wm. S. Parker, 
Robt. Means, John W^addle, John P. Hampton, 
Jonathan Ruggles, Stephen V. Bliss, Joshua 
Power, John Thompson, Geo. W. Collins, Rich- 
ard Nash, Robt. D. Taylor, Nathaniel Garland, 
James Boyd, Robt. C. Carter, Nathan B. 
Webster, John Veach. 

Constables. — John W. Leach, No. 1 ; William 
F. Hamrick, Mudlick; James H. Garrett, No. 3; 
Wyatt S. Owens, No. 5; Thos. D. Dickey, 

Officers from 1849 to 1851. — Joseph Robb, 
county clerk; John Pell, surveyor; John W. 

334 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Mitchell, coroner and jailer; Robt. Robb, treas- 
urer; King D. McClain, sheriff. 

Justices. — John T. Waddle, Jonathan Rug- 
gles, Joshua Power, John Thompson, Geo. W. 
Collins, Richard Nash, Nat. G. Garland, James 
Boyd, Nathan B. Webster, John W. Veach, 
Stephen Bliss. 

Constables. — Jno. W. Leach, Jos. G. Garertt, 
Francis M. Owens, William Hamrick, Jno. W. 

Officers from 1851 to 1855. — Joseph Robb, 
clerk; Jno. Pell, surveyor; John Mitchell, coro- 
ner; Socrates Holbrook, county attorney; Lewis 
C. Stricklett, Keeper of Stray-pen and jailer; 
Robt. Robb, Treasurer; John Waddell, sheriff; 
William C. Ireland, police judge. 

Justices. — Jonathan Ruggles, Joshua Power, 
John Thompson, Geo. W\ Collins, Richard Nash, 
Nat. R. Garland, James Boyd, Nathan B. 
Webster, Stephen V. Bliss. 

Constables. — John V. Leach, Leroy P. Parker, 
Robt. McEldowney, Thos. G. Wallingford, Mil- 
ton Evans, John Fry, Uriah B. McKellup. 

"An election having been held (under the 
New Constitution) on Monday, the 12th day 
of May, 1851, for the purpose of electing county 
and district officers, in pursuance of the Consti- 
tution and laws on that subject. And it appear- 
ing from the returns and certificates of the elec- 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 335 

tion, filed in the clerk's office of Lewis County 
Court, that the following persons were duly 
elected by the qualified voters of Lewis County, 
as county and district officers in and for said 
County of Lewis agreeable to the Constitution 
and the Acts of the Assembly in such case made 
and provided: Order Book, page 26. 

Thomas Henderson, county judge; Joseph 
Robb, county clerk; James M. Todd, sheriff; 
Thos. O. Mershan, coroner; John Pell, surveyor; 
Socrates Holbrook, county attorney; Lewis C. 
Stricklett, jailer; Leroy P. Parker, assessor. 

Justices. — Asa McNeal and Jacob Mower, 
No. 1; Edwin F. McFarland and Jonathan 
Ruggles, No. 2; Wm. B. Ruggles and Stephen 
V. Bliss, No. 3; Mathias Meredith and Patrick 
H. C. Bruce, No. 4; George W. Stamper and 
Edward Roe, No. 5; Josiah Burriss and Austin 
B. DeAtley, No. 6; John B. Fenley and Numan 
Glasscock, No. 7; John Thompson and Dempsey 
Power, No. 8. 

Constables. — John Fry, constable in District 
No. 1; Thos. G. Wallingford, District No. 2; 
James Cottingham, District No. 3; John W. 
Leach, District No. 4; Benjamin Rayborn, Dis- 
trict No. 5; Nesbit Taylor, District No. 6; 
Gabriel Bane, District No. 7; Robert McEl- 
downey, District No. 8. 

Officers from 1855 to 1858. — At the October 

SST) History of Leuris County, Kentuchy 

term of the County Court of 1855 the following 
new names as justices of the peace are found: 
Samuel B. Pugh, P. H. Clark, David W. Fearis, 
John R. Duke, William Blankenship, and Samuel 

Special Term, September, ISoJf.. — Thomas 
Henderson was shown to be re-elected as county 
judge in an election August, 1854; and James R. 
Garland elected sheriff, Alfred Harrison, sur- 
veyor; George T. Halbert, county clerk. 

August, 1858. — James R. Garland elected 
county judge; John Mitchell elected assessor; 
James D. Secrest coroner; Seth Parker, sheriff; 
James Rowland, jailer; Alfred Harrison, sur- 
veyor; Geo. T. Halbert, county clerk; Socrates 
Holbrook, county attorney; R. B. Case, justice 
of peace; G. M. Thomas, school commissioner; 
George Hughes, constable. 

Officers from 1868 to 1864. — James Ruark 
elected constable; Robt. Voiers appointed con- 
stable District No. 3. 

Officers 1862. — Socrates Holbrook elected 
county judge; Dr. R. G. Barber, coroner; 
James S. Pollitt, school commissioner; xingus V. 
Wilson, county clerk; John W. Mitchell, asses- 
sor; Seth Parker, sheriff'; Wm. R. Hendrickson, 
jailer; J. B. Fitch, 1861, sheriff; John T. Parker, 
appointed county clerk at special term, Sep- 
tember 1, 1863, on account of the death of 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 337 

Angus V. Wilson; Alfred Harmon, surveyor; 
W. C. Halbert, county attorney. 

In 1863 David Fearis, David M. Dunbar, 
Wm. S. Parker, Robert Richards, N. R. Gar- 
land, Edward Roe, Peter Duzan, A. H. Seatley, 
Samuel McEldowney, Jesse Markland, Peter 
Mawk, Lewis C. Stricklett, Dudley Calvert, and 
W. T. Jones were elected justices of the peace. 

List of County Officers, October, 1865. — James 
S. Pollitt, judge; Lewis C. Stricklett, Samuel 
Ellis, Jesse Markland, Samuel McEldowney, 
Peter C. Mawk, Nicholas Moore, Edward Roe, 
W. D. Parker, Wm. Ruggles, N. R. Garland, 
A. H. Deatley, Peter Duzan, Dudley Calvert, 

Manley Trussell, county attorney; J. B. 
Fitch, sheriff; Wm. R. Hendrickson, jailer; 
Alfred Harrison, surveyor; Thomas W. Mitchell, 
county clerk. 

Officers from 1864, to 1869.— First court held 
in Vanceburg, on Monday, March 21, 1864, 
Hon. S. Holbrook, county judge. 

Thos. W. Mitchell appointed as deputy 
county clerk May 17, 1864; and, upon the death 
of John T. Parker, he was appointed county 
clerk at a special term, July 4, 1864. His cer- 
tificate as clerk of the Circuit was signed by 
L. W. Andrews. 

1865. — James S. Pollitt, county judge; Thos. 


338 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

W. Mitchell, county clerk; Mandley Trussel, 
county attornej^; J. B. Fitch, sheriff; R. G. 
Barber, coroner; James lVrcT)ermott. assessor; 
Wm. R. Hendrickson, jailer; Geo. M. Thomas, 
1868, county judge, on resignation of J. S. Pollitt; 
Mandley Trussell, county attorney; Thos. W. 
Mitchell, county clerk; Wm. R. Hendrickson, 
jailer; James McDerijiDtt, school commissioner; 
R. G. Barber, coroner; Smauel Ellis, sheriff; 
Alfred Harrison, surveyor. 

Officers, 1870. — Geo. M. Thomas, county 
judge; Mandlej^ Trussell, county attorney; W. R. 
Hendrickson, jailer; Thos. W. Mitchell, county 
clerk; Alf. Harrison, surveyor; John Woodworth, 
assessor; R. G. Barber, coroner; Samuel Ellis, 
sheriff; James McDermott, school commissioner. 

August, 1870, to 1871. — James R. Garland, 
county judge; Joseph X. Spark, county clerk; 
Thos. W. Mitchell, County Court clerk; Lewis 
Plummer, jailer; Samuel Ellis, sheriff; Henrj^ C. 
Bruce, treasurer; Robt. B. Lovell, 1871, sheriff; 
Thos. W. Mitchell, school commissioner; W. C. 
Halbert, county attornej^; Alfred Harrison, 

Officers from 1871 to 1878. — Justices of the 
peace: D. W. Fearis, D. H. Brightman, L. C. 
Stricklett, W. W. Moore, Wm. Ruggles, Samuel 
W. Williams, Thos. J. Walker, Jesse Markland, 
D. M. Dunbar, J. J. Fitch, Wm. S. Parker, 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 339 

Dudley Calvert, Henry McKee, and Peter D. 
Lykins. Joseph T>. Secrest later elected; also 
R. R. Hines, John Hackworth, Peter C. Mawk, 
N. R. Garland, Lewis Dickson, D. H. Boyd, 
Wm. P. O'Doherty, Joshua D. Fitch, Richard P. 
Thomas, Dudley Calvert (re-elected), Samuel 
McEldowney, R. R. Williams, Samuel W. 
Williams (re-elected), J. J. Fitch, Thos. J. 
Walker (re-elected), James R. Gidding. 

August, 1874-1878.— M. P. Lewis, county 
judge; W. L. Fitch, county attorney; Thos. A. 
Mitchell, county clerk; Jos. A. Spark, County 
Court clerk; H. F. Warder, 1872, sheriff; A. J. 
Harrison, 1874, sheriff; Willis Hisey, jailer; 
Peter C. Mawk, surveyor; A. Dud. Pollitt, as- 

Officers from 1878 to 1882.— A. W. Fryer, 
county judge; Thos. A. Mitchell; Jos. A. Sparks, 
deputy county clerk; S. J. Pugh, county at- 
torney; Thos. C. Wilson, W. G. Bullock, deputy 
sheriffs; Willis Hisey, jailer; Peter C. Mawk, 
surveyor; R. G. Barber, coroner. 

Magistrates. — James M. Dunbar, Isaiah 
Grigsby, D. H. Boyd, D. W. Fearis, Geo. W. 
Herrin, John W. Keyser, Alexander Plummer, 
Benj. F. Branham, B. W. Parker, Henry McKee, 
Isaac W. Lykins, Wm. M. Parker, E. G. Ray- 
born, F. M. Taylor, J. J. Fitch, Jas. Nolen, 
B. D. Pollett, W. E. Reed, Jas. M. Fults, Jesse 

340 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Markland, Amnion Cooper, Isaac Conley, Wm. 

Officers from 1882 to 1886.— A. W. Foyce, 
county judge; R. D. Wilson, countj^ clerk; S. I. 
Pugh, county attorney; Samuel L. Hall, 1882, 
S. H. Parker, 1884, sheriff; J. W. Cottingham, 
jailer; W. G. Bullock, assessor; Dr. W. H. 
Campbell, coroner; Peter C. Mawk, surveyor; 
T. B. Bullock, superintendent schools. 

Magistrates of 188^. — Henry McKee, S. I. 
Dodd, G. H. Harrison, D. H. Boyd, J. E. Lang, 
W. B. Parker, Geo. W. Heselton, A. J. Arm- 
strong, G. H. Gilbert, H. I. Bell, R. H. Fisher, 
Geo. W. Herrin, B. D. Pollett, G. H. Bane, Jesse 
Markland, W. E. Reed, A. N. Coofer. 

Officers from 1886 to 1890.— Samuel J. Pugh, 
county judge; E. H. Fitch, county attorney; 
Thos. A. Mitchell, county clerk; J. C. Willim, 
sheriff; Joseph W. Cottingham, jailer, 1890-94; 
Henry C. Myers, assessor; T. J. Adam, J. M. 
Wells, coroner; Wm. H. George, school com- 
missioner; Alfred Harmon, surveyor; S. A. 
Agnew, treasurer. 

Magistrates 1889.— R. W. Higgins, E. R. 
Hays, W. H. Wright, L. N. Rayborn, J. W. 
Lykins, W. B. Cooper, Isaiah Grigsby. 

Officers from 1890 to 189Jf.—A. W. Fryer, 
county judge; Thos. A. Mitchell, county clerk; 
W. C. Halbert, county attorney; J. C. Willim, 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 341 

1890, Ed. Willim, 1892, sheriffs; Joseph W, 
Cottingham, jailer; Jack Hendrickson, assessor; 
G. E. Dunbar, school commissioner; A. Harrison, 

January Term, 1890-93. — Magistrates: R. H. 
Fisher, H. L. Bilyen, W. D. Gully, Jas. M. Lee,, 
Thos. W. Irwin, B. F. Branham, Wm. Sparks, 
John T. Dodd, G. W. Hamilton, Isaiah Grigsby, 
B. D. Pollett, R. W. Higgins, Wm. E. Reed, 
R. M. Parker, J. T. Bowman, Ralph Stafford, 
E. W. Hackworth, W. K, Hampton. 

1893 to 1894-—^.. G. HjlHs, county judge; 
Thos. A. Mitchell, county clerk; W. C. Halbert, 
county attorne}^; Ed. Willim, sheriff; Geo. W. 
Dale, jailer; W. H. Hamrick, assessor; Dr. G. 
M. W^ill, coroner; E. C. Rowland, surveyor; 
Geo. E. Dunbar, school commissioner; E. A. 
Jones, treasurer. 

1897, New Constitution. — Ed. Willim, county 
judge; O. P. Pollett, county clerk; W. C. Hal- 
bert, county attorney; Marshall Bertram, sheriff, 
Thomas Cooper, assessor; E. C. Rowland, sur- 
veyor; Geo. E. Dunbar, school commissioner; 
E. A. Jones, treasurer; C. A. Tamnam, jailer. 

Officers of 1903: Magistrates. —E. W. Mc- 
Clain, W. E. Darragh, W. H. Wright, Joshua 
Stampa, J. W. Lykins, W. B. Cropper, Isaiah 

Officers from 1901 to 1905.— Z. M. Lee, county 

342 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

judge; O. P. Pollett, county clerk; W. C. Thor- 
oughman, county attorney; T. M. Bowman, 
sheriff; David Smith, assessor; Ernest H. Staley, 
surveyor; J. T. Burchart, coroner; W. Rich. 
Henderson, school commissioner; C. L. Tam- 
nam, jailer; Geo. E. Dunbar, treasurer. 

Officers from 1905 to 1909.~J. M. Lee, county 
judge ;.0. P. Pollett, county clerk; W. C. Thor- 
oughman, county attorney; M. Bertram, sheriff; 
Thos. Cooper, assessor; Dr. J. T. Owry, coroner; 
W. R. Henderson, school commissioner; G. P. 
Adams, jailer. 

Officers, 1909. — Same officers, except G. W. 
Lykins was elected sheriff, H. F. Sullivan, jailer, 
and Dr. J. M. Wells, coroner. 

Officers of 1911: Magistrates.—^. H. Mc- 
Clain, No. 1; A. R. Campbell, No. 2; Theo. 
Bagby, No. 3; H. L. Walters, No. 4; O. T. Lee, 
No. 5; R. M. Parker, No. 6; P. G. Henderson, 
No. 7. 

List of county judges and county clerks: 

1856 Thos. Henderson, Judge. 

1860 J. R. Garland, " Geo. T. Halbert, Clerk. 

1865 Socrates Holbrook, " Thos. W. Mitchell, " 

1866 J. S. Pollett, 
1870 J. R. Garland, 

1874 W. S. Lewis, " Jos. A. Sharks, 

1878 A. W. Fryer, " Thos. A. Mitchell, " 


1886 S. J. Pugh, " " . 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 343 

1890 S. J. Pugh, Judge. Thos. A. Mitchell, Clerk. 

1894 A. W. Fryer, " 

1894 S. G. Hillis, 

1898 Ed. \Yillim, " O. P. Pollett, 

1902 J. M. Lee, 



Representatives. — The following are Lewis 
County's list of Representatives. 


State Senate 

W. C. Halbert 1866-1870 

R. B. Lovell 1873-1877 

H. C. Bruce 1880-1884 

S. J. Pugh 1894-1895 

J. D. Rummans 1895-1899 

W. H. Cox 1900-1906 

B. C. Grigsby 1907-1910 

T. F. Bagby 1912 

House of Representatives 

Aaron Owens 1810-1813 

Samuel Cox 1813-1816 

Thos. Marshall 1817 

Aaron Stratton 1818 

Samuel Cox 1819 

Wm. B. Parker 1820 

Alex. Bruce 1821 

F. R. Singleton 1822-1823 

C. B. Shepherd 1824 

Alex. Bruce 1825 

C. B. Shepherd 1826 

John Bruce 1827 

Thos. Marshall 1828 

344 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

John Bruce 1829 

Thos. Henderson 1830 

C. B. Shepherd 1831-1832 

Thos. Henderson 1833 

Chas. H. Marshall 1834 

Israel B. Donaldson 1835 

Thos. Marshall , . 1836 

W. B. Parker 1837 

T. J. Walker 1838 

Thos. Marshall 1839 

Manley Trussell 1840 

Socrates Holbrook 1841 

Thos. Marshall 1842 

Benj. Given 1843 

Thos. Marshall 1844 

U. B. McKellup 1845 

L. J. Proctor 1846 

James Bilderback 1847 

N. R. Garland 1848 

John L. Fitch 1849 

John Thompson 1850 

Cleaton Bane 1851-1853 

Joshua Given 1853-1855 

F. M. Wood 1855-1857 

T. H. C. Bruce 1857-1859 

G. M. Thomas 1859-1861 

Same (resigned August 16, 1862) 1861 

P. S. Layton 1862-1865 

P. H. C. Bruce 1865-1867 

J. B. Fitch (declared ineligible) 1867-1869 

Alex. Bruce 1867-1869 

A. J. Hendrickson 1869-1871 

Thomas J. Walker 1871 

(Seat contested and declared vacant, 1872) 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 345 

G. M. Thomas 1872-1875 

Rufus Emmons 1875-1877 

J. D. Thompson 1877-1879 

Isaiah Grigsby 1879-1881 

F. H. Hull 1881-1883 

Wm. Bowman 1883-1887 

S. G. Hillis 1887-1891 

G. T. Halbert 1891-1893 

Wm. Bowman 1893-1895 

A. Dud. Pollitt 1895-1897 

D. D. Lykins 1898-1900 

Jas. Cooper 1900-1902 

R. C. Hanna 1902-1904 

W. C. Halbert 1904-1906 

J. D. Lowder 1906-1908 

T. M. Bertram 1910-1912 

Before 1810 Lewis and Greenup were rep- 
resented together, hj Plummer Thomas, in 1809, 
and other gentlemen of Greenup County. 

General Elections. — The issues before 
the people in 1798, at the time delegates were 
elected to form a new Constitution, were the 
slavery question and the election by the people 
of the office holders. The famous "Resolutions 
of '98," probably from the molding hand of 
John Breckinridge, came into existence in the 
Legislature of 1798. But this was before our 
county was born — a few years; yet the Consti- 
tution then framed was that under which she 

346 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

came into existence, and under which her course 
was guided for nearly fifty years. 

The subjects for discussion before the people 
in 1849-1850 Convention were: 

"First. — The relation of the State to slavery. 

"Second. — The election of all officers by the 

Third. — The inhibition of the use of the 
credit of the State for internal improvements. 

"Fourth. — The Constitution of the several 
courts of the State. 

"Fifth. — The introduction of a clause for 
the prevention of dueling. 

"Sixth. — The distribution of representation 
in the State Legislature. 

" Seventh. — A common school system." 

(From "History and Texts of the Constitu- 
tions of Kentucky," by Bennett H. Young, 

This Constitution went into effect in June, 
1850, and was the supreme law of the State for 
about forty-one j^ears. Under it Lewis County 
elected her officers, fought in the great Civil 
War, builded her present county seat, organized 
her macadam road system, helped build a rail- 
road, went through a tobacco growing mania, 
saw the rise and fall of the Farmer's Alliance, 
discussed at various times the temperance 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 347 

question, promulgated the gospel, built churches 
and schoolhouses in every section of the county, 
and now, under another "New Constitution," 
she is moving smoothly and each year marks a 
change for the better in some of the abuses of 
the county's administration. 

Chapter V 

Common School System: Commissioner — Superin- 
tendents — Boards of Education — Teachers — 
Growth of the School System in the County — 
Districts and Schoolhouses. 

"The Common School! O, may its light 
Shine through our country's story; 
Here lies her wealth, her strength, her might; 
Here rests her future glory." 

The "Free School FrNo" of Kentucky orig- 
inated from money distributed by the General 
Government before and up to 1836, to those 
States that had no land grants for educational 
objects. By that time Kentucky had received 
$1,433,757; but the subject of the schools and 
of education, by the Constitution of 1799, had 
been left to the tender mercies (?) of the Legis- 
lature, and by 1837 the fund had been reduced 
to $1,000,000, and, in 1838, to $850,000. In 
1845 an Act passed the Legislature authorizing 
the school bonds to be burned in the presence of 
the auditor and treasurer. This was actually 
done, and the enemies of free thought seemed 
to have triumphed by wiping out the last ob- 
ligation of the State to educate its citizens. 


History of Leivis County, Kentucky 349 

But this spirit of injustice aroused the friends 
of common schools, and a set of representatives 
were returned to the Capital in 1847 who passed 
an Act requiring the governor to reissue the 
bond, or rather, issue a new bond, and also pro- 
viding for submission to the vote of the people 
of an additional tax of two cents on the one 
hundred dollars for schools. The people ratified 
the tax by a majority of 36,000 votes. 

By the time the Constitutional Convention 
of 1849-50 had met there was due the school 
fund from the State $1,276,391.71. 

It was upon this condition of affairs that the 
Convention began to discuss the proposition of 
placing a school clause in the New Constitution. 

The discussion was opened by Benjamin 
Hardin, delegate from Nelson County, in which 
he made a roaring speech against the proposi- 
tion, wherein he ridiculed the "free school," 
stigmatized its teachers as a set of low, brutalized 
ignoramuses, and said that they were a "miser- 
able set of humbugs." He declared his county 
never had, nor ever would have, a free school. 
He had "no opinion of free schools — none in 
the world." 

He thought it would take forty -five hundred 
schools to accommodate the children of the 
State, and that the expense would be more than 
she could raise. He was sending all the time 

350 History of Lewis County, Kenhicky 

five or six children, beside liis own, to the 
Methodist and CathoKc Colleges, and he seemed 
to think that was the better way to educate 
the future citizens of the State. 

All this tirade of abuse put the friends of 
education on their mettle, and Larkin J. Proctor, 
of Lewis County, threw down the gauntlet to 
Mr. Hardin in defense of the education of the 
masses. "He not only contended that the adop- 
tion of this provision of the Constitution for 
the permanent security of the school fund was 
demanded by the people, but was demanded by 
all lovers of free government and intelligence 
and virtue; that the members of the Convention 
were engaged in making a Constitution which 
was to be thoroughly democratic in all its oper- 
ation; that they were throwing back into the 
hands of the people all political power, and that 
it was essential now to secure to these people 
and their posterity the means of giving their 
children the blessings of an education in order 
that they might be qualified to discharge the 
duties that might devolve upon them." He 
said: "While, however, these great and im- 
portant truths are recognized and admitted by 
all, it is to be feared that gentlemen are not 
practically alive to the important influence of 
these truths on the operation of our government. 
The gradual extension of the privilege of free 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 351 

suffrage in the provisions of the Constitution 
which we are about to adopt, and which is to 
place in the hands of the people the selection of 
every officer of the government, imposes on 
the members of this Convention the solemn duty 
of making a corresponding eft'ort to extend the 
great privileges, the light of knowledge, and the 
means of cultivating the minds of those who are 
to come after us. For, sir, if we mean to pre- 
serve our free institutions, we must watch over 
them; we must learn to know and number our 
great political rights; we must study the tenure 
by which we hold them, and must also qualify 
ourselves to discern from afar off the dangers 
that threaten us — for the rights and liberties 
of man are always in danger from some quarter." 
That the children who are now basking in 
the beams of the sunshine of education vouch- 
safed to them by the Constitution may know 
what a valiant fight its friends in the Convention 
made for it, we copy a few of the speeches made 
in its favor. Mr. Taylor, Chairman of the 
Committee on Education, made a grand speech. 
He said: "There are in Kentuckj^ (1849) ninety- 
one thousand children whose parents are mostly 
unable to educate them, and yet we are be- 
sought not to interfere. Great God! Can it be 
possible that we shall be non-combatants in 
the great battle of life — for knowledge is life. 

352 History of Leicis Coimiy, Kentucky 

I ask if gentlemen can look upon this barren 
and unproductive field and not desire to plant 
and nurture within it the tree of knowledge 
(perhaps of life also), to lead through it those 
fountains of living water which slake not, but 
rather increase the thirst of him who drinketh? 
Who does not desire to cast upon this still and 
unfruitful pool bread, with the cheering assur- 
ance that it shall indeed be gathered after many 
days? To sow broadcast over this land the 
seeds of knowledge which shall germinate and 
produce for ever? With the startling facts 
presented in this report of the second auditor 
how can gentlemen hesitate about the absolute 
necessity of a constitutional provision for some 
system of general education? It can not be that 
this convention will adjourn without the ex- 
pression of some solicitude on this great matter. 
We have been told by the gentleman from 
Nelson (Mr. Hardin) that the Catholics are 
opposed to this system of common schools, and 
that if we put it in the Constitution they wull 
oppose its adoption. Sir, I do not believe it. 
I will not do them the injustice to believe this 
imputation upon their patriotism and intelli- 
gence. They will not send their children, as 
said, to free schools. Be it so. Let them edu- 
cate their ow^n children; they have the right to 
do so, and the ability, too. Is that any reason 

History of Leuns County^ Kentucky 353 

why the friends of education should neglect to 
provide for such a system of public instruction 
as will hang up at every man's fireside the lamp 
of knowledge? We have erected the lamp — if 
I may use the figure — like the brazen serpent 
in the wilderness, and invited every man to look 
and live, and if he will not, we have the consola- 
tion that it is not our fault or our neglect." 

William B. Machen, afterwards United States 
Senator, took grounds against this constitutional 

Dr. William K. Boiling, from Logan County, 
made a magnificent oration for the common 
school clause. He says: 

"But the gentleman from Caldwell (Mr. 
Machen) would not force the State to pay the 
interest on this National gift, made sacred by a 
solemn Act of the Legislature for ever, to edu- 
cational purposes. He thinks it might be in- 
convenient. That is her concern, not mine. It 
will not be denied that she justly owes the 
money, for she has, through her Legislature, 
ordered the evidences of the debt to be listed. A 
listed debt, I understand from the lawyers, is 
not assignable, and therefore does not require 
the baptismal fire to stave off its payment until 
a more convenient season. But, sir, let these 
hundred chosen delegates go home and tell the 
anxious thousands that will greet their return 


354 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

that a part of our labors here insures to the 
descendants of this land of heroes and song the 
keys to the temple of knowledge; that hence- 
forth, under the new organization, schools are 
to spring up in every neighborhood, and to be 
as free as the gush of waters from the mountain 

"Tell them that the mountains and the 
valleys and the plains of this heavenly heritage 
are to be studded with schoolhouses, which, 
like the temples of the living God, are to be free 
to all, without money and without price. Tell 
the children of the poor and unfortunate that 
hope, heretofore that mystic shadow of good 
which receded as they advanced, and whose 
home was fabled terminus of the rainbow, has 
been made to receive substantive proportions 
and become a smiling reality. Tell them that 
the fountains of living water have been opened 
up, in which the budding desire for knowledge 
may slake its thirst, and where all are invited to 
come and partake freely. Let this be told them, 
sir, and a voice redolent of thanksgiving and 
benediction will go up from half a million of the 
best of our people to the God of the widow and 
the fatherless." 

T. J. Hood, of Carter County, also made a 
speech in favor of the schools. He said: 

"We are also admonished by that same 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 355 

gentlemen (Mr. Hardin) and others upon this 
floor to leave the school fund and the proceeds 
of the school tax to the guardian care and 
tender mercies of the Legislature. Sir, the 
experiences of some eleven years have demon- 
strated to the people of Kentucky the necessity 
of placing that fund upon more elevated ground,, 
and securing it against that rapacious spirit of 
legislation which has not hesitated to lay violent 
hands upon it whenever an emergency seemed 
to require a prostitution of its means. The 
general principles of this report, as I before re- 
marked, meet my cordial approbation. It con- 
secrates and forever establishes the school fund, 
and places its principal beyond the reach of 
legislative abuse, while, at the same time, it 
secures the faithful application of the interest 
to the education of the children of all classes of 

"Under the benign auspices of these extended 
means for intellectual development we shall see 
loom out from every city and country, from 
lowland and mountain, many an intellectual 
giant, with names gilded with no phosphoretic 
aureola borrowed from a distinguished ancestry, 
but with minds swelling with energies; fresh, free, 
native, and vigorous, and owing their attractions 
and power alone to their own masculine pro- 

356 History of Letvis County, Kentucky 

"Then, indeed, will Kentucky become what 
I would have her as distinguished for virtue 
and intelligence of her citizens as for the 
chivalry of her sons and the beauty of her 

The outgrowth of all this oratory and logic 
was the admission into the late Constitution of 
Article XI, on Education. 

It has been preserved in the New Constitu- 
tion of 1890, and is to-day the bulwark of de- 
fense against the enemies to the common school, 
w^ho, thank Providence, are growing fewer 
every day as the system becomes more and 
more perfect. 

There might have been some excuse for 
Ben Hardin's reproach of the ancient peda- 
gogue, but it was the fault of a faulty system 
which had not thrown around it those safe- 
guards which now prevent ignoramuses from 
taking the chair of the teacher. 

In 1839 a change was made in the school 
law, reducing the county commissioners from 
five to three. There seems to have been more 
officers than schools up to 1851. 

As well as I can determine, although there 
were five districts laid off in Lewis County in 
1822, the common schools went into operation in 
Lewis County about 1853. The first free school 
was taught on IVIudlick by John S. May, who 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky Sol 

died only a few years ago, in that same locality. 
He was followed by Artensia Everett, now Mrs. 
Hardin Shaw. Next came Mr. Joshua T. Harry, 
who died on Upper Kinny a few years ago; and 
after him came Mathew Mitchell, who was an 
excellent teacher and far above the average of 
his day in educational attainment. Under his 
management our log schoolhouse, with its split 
log branches, received its first blackboard, and 
he also introduced the study of grammar, 
geography, history, and organized a Friday 
evening debating club. The subjects for dis- 
cussion were such as would require historic 
research, and to stimulate the boys to do their 
best the good-looking girls were put on the 
stand as judges to decide which side produced 
the best argument. I will never forget how I 
studied my speech and then spread myself in 
its delivery, when Lavinia Virginia Martin, 
Mary Louise Evans, and Emily M. Beckett, 
or either of them, might have been on the judge's 

The history of the school on Mudlick is 
parallel to that of almost every school in the 
county. It was slow but gradual development 
toward a better order of things. The payment 
of money by the State served to draw teachers 
from the Eastern States, who were generally 
poor, pecuniarily, but shrewd, erudite Yankees, 

358 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

well qualified to teach and excite the pupils 
to seek a broader field of research for knowledge. 

The War of 1861 affected the schools to 
considerable extent, preventing any noted im- 
provement during its continuance; but after its 
close, and its passion began to subside, the 
schools started on again toward a better system. 

Step by step the coils have fastened, by leg- 
islation, around the teacher, the trustee, and the 
patron, till now the teacher must be an educated 
person and the common school curriculum con- 
tains all the elements of a good English educa- 
tion. The teacher must not only know science, 
but he must be examined in theory and practice 
as well. He must show ability to teach as well 
as knowledge of the subjects to be taught. 
Then, again, the "Reading Circle" and "County 
Teachers' Library" are widening the scope of 
his mental horizon and giving him an introduc- 
tion to classic literature, to the works of the 
ancient masters in his own art, and to the 
mythology of the primitive ages. Indeed, to 
be a teacher in the common school now requires 
character, erudition, ability to command and to 
impart instructions to others. Instead of the 
"miserable humbug" which Ben Hardin pic- 
tured in the Convention of 1849-50, the teacher 
is the peer of the foremost statesman in that 
Convention. His moral character, scholastic 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 359 

attainments, and respectability place him on a 
place far above the trickster politician who has 
sought, through legislative enactment, to put 
out the lamp of knowledge among the masses. 

The "commissioner," with his "examiners" 
scattered over the county and "holding exam- 
inations on the top of a rail fence," has given 
away to the superintendent, who must himself 
possess a first-class certificate, and a Board of 
three examiners, also possessing certificates of 
the highest grade, and examinations held at 
regular intervals at the county seat upon a list 
of questions on eleven difl^erent subjects, pre- 
pared by the State Board of Education. In 
these examinations the strictest rules of order 
are observed, and any attempt at fraud is pun- 
ished by failure to pass, "for reasons." 

The Teachers' Institute is another worthy 
feature of the common school system, for it 
brings together all the persons in the county 
engaged in teaching and places them under the 
instruction of a normal school graduate. It 
also gives opportunity to compare experiences, 
discuss difficulties, and discover means to over- 
come them. It also brings about a spirit of 
fraternity which tends to make the teacher feel 
that teaching is a profession, and, like others, 
he must have his associations and teachers' 
meetings to further his interests and advance 

360 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

his cause. He must also have his "organ," the 
School Journal, that he may keep to the front 
in educational ethics. 

All these demands on the teacher require 
that he keep ever learning, and thus he patron- 
izes the "Normal Schools" to expand his 
information and to get better methods of teach- 

These conditions make the teachers grow 
intellectually, and this influence is felt in the 
schools and disseminated in the community. 

The more advanced teachers have felt that 
some more potent means than persuasion has 
been needed to reach a certain class of should-be 
school patrons, and, therefore, they have urged 
the Legislature to pass some compulsory bill. 
At last they have been heard, and a mild, but, 
we hope, effective law has just passed and be- 
come a law, requiring at least eight weeks at- 
tendance each year of all children in the school 

Since 1865 several distinguished gentlemen 
have held the office of commissioner or super- 
intendent: Rev. Alfred Harrison, Joseph A. 
Sparks, E. A. Jones, A. Harvey Parker, Thos. B. 
Bullock, Prof. W. N. George, Prof. G. E. Dun- 
bar, and Prof. R. C. Henderson, the present in- 
cumbent. Each of these gentlemen, as a school 
officer, has borne well his part and performed 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 361 

his duty as he had been given light to see it; 
but much of the progress in material interest 
as well as intellectual advancement is due to 
the untiring effort and progressive spirit of 
these men, who, with the law as their guide, 
can square up to their duty without fear or 
favor. They may have made a few enemies 
and mistakes in their performance of duty, but 
their friends are a solid phalanx of the true 
friends of education. 

With the Nation's flag, *'01d Glory," float- 
ing over the schoolhouse, and the young patriots 
within breathing the free air of heaven as they 
study the history of the "Declaration" and of 
Washington, we may well say the common 
school is the "wealth, strength, and might" of 
our country, and therein "rests her future 

Chapter VI 

War Periods: Indians— Soldiers of 1812 and 1861 
— Companies Organized — Officers — Number of 
Enlisted Men — Those Killed in Action — G. A. R. 
Posts — Monuments. 

War of 1812.— The War of 1812 produced a 
great commotion in Lewis County, and the in- 
herent patriotism of the true Kentuckian mani- 
fested itself by sending about three-fourths of 
the men to the Canada battlefields. 

Militia of 1832.— 69th Regiment: John 
Tolle, colonel; A. D. McDowell, lieutenant-col- 
onel; James Boyd, judge advocate; Robt. Means, 
adjutant; John Cutcher, quartermaster; Nesbit 
Taylor, surgeon; Thos. Lindley, assistant sur- 
geon; John Walker, color bearer; John C. 
Barkley, sergeant major; George Saulsberry, 
fife major; Geo. W. Himes, drum major. 

Appointments, May 19, 1832. — Thos. J. 
W^alker, captain; Jas. W. Singleton, first Keu- 
tenant; Joseph Hampton, second lieutenant; 
Samuel Pollitt, captain; Elijah H. Thomas, 
captain; Nelson Plummer, lieutenant; John 
Staggs, ensign; Robt. Jack, captain. 

Delegates to Convention. — Hon. S. J. 
Pugh, 1894. 


History of Lewis County, Kentucky 363 

Indians. — There are no Indian records in 
Lewis County, except those ah-eady told in 
this History. 

There is no record of the names of the soldiers 
of 1812 Militia. 

Lewis County had the 69th Regiment of 
7th Brigade Kentucky Militia, 1849. Captain, 
L. B. Buggies, R. R. Williams, Amos Means, 
D. W. Fearis, Joseph Sparks (Kinny). 

W. R. McKellup, judge advocate. 

Wm. J. Taylor, colonel; and Wm. Carr, lieutenant 

Wm. J. Tully, colonel; and Geo. W. Reeder, major, 

James R. Garland, captain, 1852. 

Joshua D. Fitch, captain, 1852. 

James P. Stricklett, captain, 1852. 

Geo. M. Thomas, sergeant major, 1852. 

James M. Lee, sergeant major, 1852. 

Robt. T. Voier and Henry Gilespie, ensigns. 

Austin Dudley, lieutenant. 

John S. Edwards, ensign. 

William Fitch, captain. 

George Conway, ensign. 

John T. Carrington, captain. 

Wm. Swearingen, lieutenant. 

Moses Ruggles, ensign. 

Wm. Boyd, captain. 

Samuel Hampton, lieutenant. 

Wm. Sparks, ensign. 

Wm. Wade, captain of Light Infantry. 

Wm. Corns, lieutenant of Light Infantry. 

Jno. M. Greenlee, ensign Light Infantry. 

364 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

March of 1861: 

Company I, 4th Regiment Kentucky Veteran Volun- 
teer Infantry. James B. Brewer. 

Company G, 10th Kentucky Cavalry. Captain Mil- 
ton Evans. 

Company K, 16th Regiment Kentucky Volunteer 
Infantry. Jas. A. Lee, captain. 

Company E, 22(1 Regiment Kentucky Veteran Vol- 
unteer Infantry. Alexander Bruce, captain. 

Company K, 23d Regiment Kentucky Veteran Vol- 
unteer Infantry. Ephraim P. Mavity, captain; Thos. M. 
Hamrick, major. 

Company A, 45th Regiment Mounted Infantry. 
Jos. W. Cottingham, captain. 

Company C, 54th Regiment Kentucky Mounted 
Infantry. Dexter B. Gray, captain; Jas. W. Stewart, 
first lieutenant. 

Besides these companies, organized wholly 
in the countj^ there were perhaps a hundred 
men, belonging to Lewis County, who enlisted 
in outside organizations. 

There were also a company of Confederate 
troops organized mostly from this county, and 
commanded by Captain Geo. Seaman, whose 
family lived on and owned the farm which is 
now the county infirmary. 

The monument in the court-house yard, 
erected by Lewis County citizens, contains the 
names of Lewis County soldiers killed in action 
during the war, as follows: (See page 93.) 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 365 

Company I, 4th Regiment Kentucky Volun- 
teers.— J. Maffeth, T. J. Barard, J. W. Blaunt, J. O. 
Carter, J. W. Dunning, G. W. Ford, N. R. Bennett, 
J. H. Falkner, J. E. Fetters, G. H. Himes, H. G. Kauff- 
man, J. R. Himes, W. E. Himes, W. D. Himes, W. H. 
Himes, J. Hilterbrand, G. R. Hughes, J. D. Hollenger, 
H. G. Boyd, C. A. Thompson, J. Witty, G. Kellum, 
A. Kellum, R. Penrod, W. W. Fry, H. G. Logan. 

10th Kentucky Cavalry. — J. Bryant, T. Hughes, 
J. S. Holland, Jno. McDaniel, A. Plummer, J. Spurgeon, 
Alex. Staggs. 

Company K, 16th Regiment. — Wm. H. Rowland, 
Sylvester Blankenship, T. M. Dunnegan, D. Feather- 
kyle, Wm. R. Wallingford, Harrison Fetters, M. V. 
Simer, S. Cox, Geo. Fry, F. Roe, S. A. Nolen, G. Red- 
man, S. Spillman, D. D. Reed, W. H. Knapp, G. W. 

Company E, 22d Regiment. — W. C. Stewart, Simon 
Clark, E. G. Faber, S. L. Winter, Robt. Petitt, R. A. P. 
Riggs, S. M. Bruce, Jabez Truitt. 

Company K, 23d Regiment. — Major Thos. H. Ham- 
rick, Captain E. P. Mavity, D. O. Swearingin, Ambrose 
Shain, S. T. Ruggles, Hiram Hamlin, John Tearin, 
E. V. McGinnis, Wm. Parker, Wm. Ruby, G. S. Ginn, 
J. T. Busby, B. Jones, W. R. Gully. 

Company I, 41st Kentucky Infantry. — R. S. 
Davenport, A. B. Burris. 

Company A, 4oth Regiment. — A. V. Wilson, W. H. 
Bailey, T. M. Clark, O. S. Crane, T. A. Hicks, Ira 
Yates, J. Gillespie, J. Sparks, R. T. Walker, H. Hoover. 

Company C, 54th Regiment. — M. D. Moore, J. W. 
Webster, W. D. Spurgin, O. C. Poe, G. W. Hendrickson, 
S. R. Johnson. 

366 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Spanish-American "War Veterans of 1898-99. 

Company M, 3d Regiment Kentucky In- 
fantry, Captain A. W. Brewer. 117 men. 

G. A. R. Posts 

E. P. Mavity Post, Petersville. 

Craxton Post, Fearis. 

John T. Parker Post, Vanceburg. 

No. 57. G. H. Reeder, commander; J. S. 
Mavity, adjutant. 

There are over five hundred pensioners now 
in Lewis County. 

(We discover, as we are about to go to 
press, that the numbers, commanders, ad- 
jutants of E. P. Mavity and Craxton Posts 
have not been submitted to us. — O. G. R.) 

Chapter VII 

Public Road System — Macadamized Roads — Origin- 
ators OF IN THE County — The First Built — 
Number Now in the County, and Location — 
Cost of Construction — County Subscription — 
Present Road System. 

In the beginning the roads were authorized 
by the County Court, and were "cut out" and 
worked by overseers and hands Hving along the 
route. These roads were first viewed by com- 
missioners, who reported to the court whether 
the road was needed, if it could be built over 
such route, and whose lands it would pass 
through and whether the owner was willing. 
If he was not, a jury was summoned and the 
damages assessed. If the amount was not too 
much, in the opinion of the court, it was paid 
and the road ordered opened ; but if the court de- 
cided the allowance of the jury to be "enormous," 
they quashed the order for the road and let the 
fellow who wanted damages get to market the 
best way he could until he became satisfied that 
a road was necessary. 

The following are some of the roads laid out 
and opened in 1807-8-9. In 1807 a road from 
Lewis to Mason; from Sutherlains', on Quick's 


368 History of Leids County, Kentucky 

Run, to the Ohio River; from Swearingin's mill, 
on Cabin Creek, to the Salt Lick Road where it 
crosses to Williamsburg; from Salt Lick to 
Oharrow's mill; from Gunpowder Gap to Salt 
Lick, below McDaniel's; from East Fork to 
Main Cabin Creek; from Wilson's bottom to 
East Fork; from Sw^earingin's mill to Mason 
County line; from the forks of Quick's Run to 
the head of the same creek; from Sj^camore up 
the river to Salt Lick. In 1808 from Cabin 
Creek to Tollesboro; from Tollesboro to North 
Fork. In 1809 a road from Vanceburg, up the 
river, to Greenup County line. 

About the time the county seat had been 
well established at Clarksburg a road was made 
across the mountain to Grass^^ Fork of Kinny — ■ 
this was probably not till 1819. In 1820 a road 
up Holly Fork of Kinny to Salt Lick, near 
Valley. Previous to this a road had been es- 
tablished from upper Kinny to Spurgeon's mill, 
on Salt Lick, and in 1819 a road over the moun- 
tain from Esculapia to some place on North 

Some time before 181*2 the State had a 
system of roads known as State Roads; two of 
these passed through Lewis County. In 1833 
the Legislature passed an Act appropriating the 
proceeds from the sale of public lands to the 
aid of these roads. A road from the North Fork, 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 369 

by way of Clarksburg and Vanceburg, to the 
Greenup line, was the recipient of some of these 
land warrants. John McDaniel, James Hannah, 
and Pleasant M. Savage were appointed com- 
missioners to attend to this road. On a State 
road from Barton Lee's to Concord, Joseph Cox 
and Samuel Stephenson were appointed com- 
missioners. Three hundred and fifty dollars 
worth of land warrants were issued to the former 
of these roads and one hundred and fifty to the 

In 1849 the Legislature, by an Act, author- 
ized the Esculapia Springs Company to build a 
turnpike road from Maysville, via Esculapia, to 
Vanceburg. It is needless to say it was not 

In 1856 the Legislature passed an Act au- 
thorizing a "Mud turnpike" to be built from 
Vanceburg, up Kinny, to Mt. Carmel, or to the 
county line at North Fork, near William White's 
residence. This road was built bj^ a capitation 
tax on the citizens, and several Acts giving more 
time to collect the taxes were granted by legis- 
lation. The writer can remember the building 
of this road through his father's land on the 
ridge between Kinny and Mudlick. This was a 
well-graded road, and onlj^ needed stone to 
have made it a first-class road. 

In 1863-64 Colonel W. S. Rand built an 


370 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

"air line" railroad, by the aid of the Legis- 
lature, from Kinny to Vanceburg. The Colonel 
and his associates were unable to determine 
whether they desired steam or horse power as a 
means of locomotion, and as it has never been 
determined, the road is still resting on the 

In 1867 the Vanceburg, Salt Lick, Tolles- 
boro, and Maysville Turnpike Road Company 
was chartered. (Said charter can be found in 
Acts of the Legislature in this volume — See Act, 
1867.) This was the real beginning of the 
macadam roads in the county. But Mr. A. 
Dud. Tolle claims to have held the first turnpike 
meeting at his house. We give from the Vance- 
burg Courier of December 30, 1879, his story: 

"The first turnpike meeting held in Lewis 
County, and looking to the building of the Lewis 
and Mason Turnpike Road, was held in the 
house of A. Dud. Tolle, in the southwestern 
corner of the county, and greatly surprised his 
lady, who, returning home from Illinois without 
previous knowledge of the turnpike meeting, 
found some forty men gathered at her home, and 
supposed that "there was a funeral;" but just 
such a funeral as that gave the ball its impetus, 
and put in motion the scheme that gave Lewis 
County all the turnpike roads she has." 

The charter of the V. S. L. T. & M. Road has 

History of Leivis Cowity, Kentucky 371 

had the following amendments by legislation: 
An Act in 1870 amends the law in regard to 
stockholders paying taxes — it makes them pay. 
In 1872-73 an amendment changes the limit of 
lands taxed in aid of said road. In 1884 a tax 
was levied to build bridge approaches at the 
Caines' farm, on Salt Lick. This x4ct was re- 
pealed in 1885. The Act of 1888 divides the 
road into two sections, and allows two sets of 
officers thereon. This Act is amended in 1890, 
properly naming the divisions of the road. 
This road is nineteen miles in length, and has 
had $21,000 worth of county bonds issued to it. 
In 1877 it has cost over $64,000 to build it. It 
has never paid a cent of dividend on its stock, 
and was, in 1880-81, in the hands of a receiver. 
It has since managed to keep in tolerable repair 
from the money received from tolls. 

The other roads chartered are: Salt Lick, 
Esculapia, & Mt. Carmel, in 1868; The Cabin 
Creek, Sand Hill, and Manchester, in 1869; 
The Vanceburg, Dry Run, and Kinniconnick, 
in 1869; The Vanceburg, Quick's Run, and 
Stout's Lane, 1869; The Cabin Creek Road, 
1869; The Mason and Lewis Road, 1869; 
Concord and Tollesboro, in 1867; The Fleming 
and Lewis Road, in 1869; The Kinny Creek 
Road, in 1881; Vanceburg and Concord, in 
1881; Vanceburg, Quick's Run, and Stout's 

372 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

Lane, rechartered in 1881; Tollesboro and Mt. 
Carmel, in 1881; Tollesboro and Esculapia, in 
1881 (never built) ; Poplar Flat and Indian Run, 
in 1881; Vanceburg, Quincy, and Springville, 
in 1883; Cabin Creek, East Fork, and Concord, 
in 1888; Quick's Run and Ohio River, in 1890; 
Vanceburg and Stout's Lane, rechartered in 
1890; Kinny and Laurel, in 1894. 

Most of these roads have been built, and 
one of them, the Concord and Tollesboro, has 
surrendered its charter and is now a county road. 
The county has aided, by its bonds, or otherwise, 
the construction of every bridge in the county. 
We name the following: Bridge over Crooked 
Creek, near Sand Hill; bridge over Cabin Creek, 
near Cottageville, and over same on C. & T. 
Road; over same on V. S. L. T. & M. Road; 
over Salt Lick, at Valley; over same at Caines' 
farm; over same at Vanceburg; over Kinnicon- 
nick at mouth of Montgomery; over same at 
mouth of Trace; over same at Blankenship's; 
over Scaffold Lick; and over Quick's Run, near 
its mouth. These bridges are either solid iron 
structures or they are covered wooden bridges 
of the most approved pattern. They have cost 
the county quite a large sum of money, which has 
been raised by a tax set apart as a bridge fund. 

In 1881 a long Act was passed by the Legis- 
lature entitled a General Road Law. It seems 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 373 

to have been a " Grand Muddle," as nothing was 
ever accomplished under it in Lewis County. 
In 1893-94 another iVct was passed author- 
izing the counties to be laid off into road dis- 
tricts, permitting delinquent taxpayers to work 
out their taxes, and appropriating some money 
to hire labor on the roads. Under this system 
Lewis County is now laid off and the date 
fixed to begin work. We append the report of 
Judge Hillis to the county paper: 

"Lewis County Court 

"(S. G. Hillis, presiding judge; T. A. Mitchell, clerk.) 

" Febntary Term. — Order establishing 99 road pre- 
cincts and fixing boundaries for same, as per provision 
of Section 4309, Chapter 110 amended road law. 

"Order allotting all the able-bodied male citizens 
to work six days in the year on said road, viz: between 
the ages of 18 and 50. The delinquent tax list will be 
listed, and same to be worked out on the roads at the 
rate of $1.50 per day. 

"The pro rata per mile is $8. There is 320 miles of 
road established, and the county attorney and judge 
have fixed April 9th as the day to commence road work, 
and the wages will be 60 cents per day for team and 
hand, and in no instance is there to be expended more 
than the amount allotted to each road. Each supervisor 
will be furnished with a blank payroll and ledger ac- 
count book when they qualify." 

374 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

There has been a law passed b}^ the late 
session of the General Assembly (1896) looking 
to the purchase or surrender of all the turnpike 
charters, and to changing them into free roads 
to be maintained by taxation. The Act is 
rather a "bungled" affair, and seems to have 
been drawn with malice aforethought against 
the roads or the people who want them free; but 
it is hard to tell which. It may have been that 
the author of the bill was scared at Bradley's 
Militia, and was unable to do his best — in a 
literary effort. But jokes aside, Lewis County 
means to have some free macadam roads and 
some good ones of the ordinary kind before the 
new century dawns. 

January 20, 1899. — The turnpike roads have, 
at this date, all surrendered their charters to the 
county and are now all free roads. Some little 
mob violence occurred to accomplish this, but 
the mob did not hurt anybody or get hurt by 
anybody — only the long poles across the road 
felt the power of the mob. Our county judge 
and the turnpike officers took a sensible view^ of 
affairs and turned over the turnpike investments 
which never had paid any dividend to the 
county, to be maintained as public roads. 

Chapter VIII 

Biography of Important Men: The Bar — The Pul- 
pit — The Forum — Teacher — The Doctor. 

The history of the Nation is the acts of the 
men composing that Nation. The following 
sketches represent a few of Lewis County's citi- 

Bruce, John, whose wdfe was Elizabeth 
Clay, came from Virginia and settled in Garrard 
County, Kentucky, late in the eighteenth cen- 
tury. From this marriage the following sons 
were born: General George W. Bruce, H. C. 
Bruce, Alexander Bruce, Constantine Bruce, 
Horatio Bruce, John Bruce, and Richard P. 

Bruce, General Geo. W., came to Lewis 
County in 1804 or 1805. He married a widow 
Garland in Virginia, in 1815. His sons were 
Thomas H. Clay, who married Susan Crawford. 
Their children were Perry G., who married 
Isabel Bruce, and Horatio, who died unmarried. 
Colonel Geo. W., who married Delia Stratton, 
daughter of Thompson N. Stratton, and resided 
on Kinniconnick, near the mouth of Spy Run. 


376 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

BRrcE, John, the son of John Bruce, of 
Garrard County, Ky., came to Lewis County 
m 1804 and engaged for a short time in the 
manufacture of salt on Dry Run, near Vance- 
burg. The following are his children: Thomas 
Bruce, Mahala, who married a Mr. Jamison and 
went to Missouri; Therese, who married Mr. 
Gaw, and died without issue; Aristides, who was 
drowned; Patrick H. Clay, who is still living in 
Clay County, Kan.; Aaron B., Margaret, An- 
drew J., Alexander, who was the late Captain 
Alexander Bruce, of Forman's Bottom, in Lewis 
County; and Robert, who died without issue. 

Bruce, John, was a representative of Lewis 
County in the General Assembly of Kentucky 
in 1823. 

Bruce, Henry Clay, came to Lewis County 
about the time of the arrival of his brother 
John, and, in partnership with Horatio Bruce 
and Joseph Morgan, operated the Ohio Salt 
Works, in 1809. On April 8, 1813, he was com- 
missioned as one of the justices of the county. 
He married a Miss Mary Price, of Bourbon 
County, and died in 1815 without heirs. It 
was the estate of H. C. and Horatio Bruce which 
was given in the Lewis County Court at $77,600, 
as shown in another chapter in this volume. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 377 

Bruce, Horatio, also came with his brother 
from Garrard County, and continued for some 
time in the manufacture of salt after the death 
of his brother, Henry Clay Bruce. He married 
Eliza Beasley, of Mason County. There was 
born to them the following children: Elizabeth, 
who married a Mr. Weathers, but soon after- 
wards died; Horatio, wdio w^ent to Johnson 
County, Texas; Henry, who was a "'49er," and 
died in California; Richard, who was an attor- 
ney-at-law in Mason County for a while, but 
finally went to Garrard County, where he died. 

Bruce, Constantine, the twin brother of 
Alexander, w^as the "Daniel Boone" of the 
family. He cared only for the dog and gun, and 
loved the chase more than the business pursuits 
of men. 

Bruce, Richard P., married in Garrard 
County, and then moved to Indiana. His wife 
and children all died of fever and ague, and in 
1830 he returned to Yanceburg, Ky. He mar- 
ried Sallie Cof rin, by whom he had two children : 
Horatio, who is dead, and Robert, who lived in 
Forman's Bottom. Richard Bruce had a small 
farm on Cabin Creek, where he died. 

Bruce, Alexander, the father of Hon. H. C. 
Bruce, of Vanceburg, came to Lewis County with 

378 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

his other brothers and studied law. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar in Lewis County Court in 
February, 1818. 

Bruce, Washington, engaged in the sawmill 
and lumber business on Kinny. He was at one 
time justice of the peace in Lewis County, also 
sheriff, and was twice elected to represent the 
county in the Legislature in the sessions of 1821 
and 1825. In canvassing the county in 1850, 
as a candidate for county judge, he contracted 
pleurisy, of which he died before the election 
was held. 

Bruce, Thomas J. M., one of the sons of 
Alexander Bruce, lived in Stout's Bottom until 
his death, March 18, 1896. 

Bruce, John L., brother of Thos. J., also 
owns an adjoining farm in Stout's Bottom, 
where he resided until the death of his wife, a 
few years ago. He now lives with his daughter, 
in Vanceburg. His children are: Alice, who mar- 
ried John Brooks and moved to Kansas, where 
she still resides; and Minnie, who is the wife of 
John Cox, one of the leading merchants in 

Bruce, Henry C, the second son of Alexan- 
der Bruce, is in business in Vanceburg, having 
been continuouslv so since 1869. Before that 

History of Leans County, Kentucky 379 

time he was connected with steamboating, hav- 
ing gone on board Captain Thos. Redden's boat, 
"Hunter," as clerk, in 1836. He was on the 
river about thirty-three years before he settled 
in Vanceburg and became one of its merchants. 

Bruce, Samuel E., who is now the trusted 
cashier of the Deposit Bank, whose photograph 
is found elsewhere in this volume. He was 
united in marriage to Josephine Smith, of 
Bourbon County, Ky. 

Bruce, Doctor Wm. E., who married Pauline 
Jones, of Vanceburg, and is now practicing his 
profession in Silver Cliff, Nevada. 

Bruce, John L., married Martha W. Smith, 
of Bourbon County, and is a prosperous attorney 
in one of the best legal firms in St. Louis, Mo. 

Kline, Eliza Bruce, is the wife of John Kline, 
of Garrison, Ky. 

Bruce, Thomas H. Clay, son of General 
Geo. W. Bruce, married Susan Crawford, and 
to them was born the following children: Thos. 
H. C. Bruce, who married Nancy J. Alley; 
Perry G., whose wife was Mary Logan; Nancy, 
the wife of Elias Sellards; Virginia, wife of 
Frank Staggs; Brunette, the wife of Professor 
John Keyser; and Susan, wife of Ralph Stone. 

380 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Bruce, Captain Alexander, son of John 
Bruce, was born in Lewis County, Ky. He 
was a farmer and lived in Forman's Bottom, 
above Quincy, until his death. During the war 
of 1861-65 he was captain in a company of a 
regiment of Kentucky Volunteer Infantry, and 
did good service for his country. After the 
war, 1869, he was elected representative of 
Lewis County, and served until 1871. 

Belyew. — This family introduces itself to 
the Lewis County Court from the Sycamore 
neighborhood. Its first representatives are iVbra- 
ham Belyew and his wife, Anna. Paul Belyew 
seems to be one of his children, but others 
may have and may have not existed. Certain 
it is, however, that Paul made up any lack of 
progeny in his parents. His wife was Sallie 
Snider, and his children are: Eli, who married 
Betsy Patterson and lived on Brush Creek, in 
Ohio; Samuel, who also married a Miss Patter- 
son; William, who married Susan Watson; 
Hiram, who went to Iowa; Nancy, who married 
John Greenlee, and moved to Iowa; Betsy, who 
lives in Concord; Harriet, who married John../ 
^Taylor, of Concord, famous as a mill and steam- 
boat owner, but now residing at Higginsport, 
O.; Margaret, who married William Vance. 

Easham, William, who came to Lewis County 
in 1806 and settled on the farm known as the 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 381 

Pugh farm, on Salt Lick, married Martha Ruark, 
and died in 1850. The following are their chil- 
dren: Peggy, Joshua, Nancy, John Handly, 
William, Lucretia, Harriet, Rebecca, and Arthur. 

Easham, John Handly, was born in 1804, 
and died 1877. His children are William, John, 
Nancy, Robert, and Betty. 

Easham, William, married Lucy Thomas, 
and now lives on Indian Fork on Kinniconnick. 
His children are Betty, who married William 
Jordan; Richard, who is married and lives with 
his father; Frederick, Nancy, Parma, William, 
Clay, Lucy, and Clark, still children at home. 

Easham, Elisha, was born 1802 and died 
1868; married his cousin, Lucretia Easham, and 
settled on Kinniconnick, near Crum Post-office. 
To them were born the following children: 
Jonathan, who still lives on Kinniconnick; 
Edward, who lives on Paint Lick; Eliza, Eliza- 
beth, Martha Jane, and Nancy, who is the wife 
of Marion Meadows; George, Mary, and Sarah. 

Easham, George, married Virginia Meadows, 
and lives on the old Ben Plummer farm, at the 
top of the hill on the road from Petersville to 
Mudlick and Mt. Carmel. He has four children: 
Charles, Crosby, Marion, Ora. 

382 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Williams, Zachariah, was born in Mary- 
land in 1787, and died in Lewis County, Ky., 
in 1863. He was married to Sarah Hoover, in 
1806, near Frederick, Va. She was born in 
1789 and died in 1882. They are buried in the 
Beech Chapel Cemetery, in Fleming County, 
Ky. Zachariah Williams came to Fleming 
County in 1818, and removed to Leiws County 
in 1820, settling in the neighborhood between 
North Fork and Burtonville, where he lived 
until his death. In the latter part of his life 
he became a minister of the gospel. Seven 
children were born to this union, as follows: 
John W., Benjamin, Robert, Thomas, who lives 
near Poplar Plains, Ky., and Sallie Ann, who 
lived in Johnson County, Mo. ; and Washington, 
who lives near Burtonville. 

William's, John, wife was Mary Walling- 
ford, of Kinniconnick, Lewis County. They 
were married in 1828. The following are their 
children: Lucinda, who was the wife of Andrew 
Jackson, of Quick's Run; James, who married 
Kate Rigdon, daughter of Clayborn Rigdon, in 
1860. Their children are Lorenza, Joseph, Cora, 
wife of Samuel Moone; William, Robert, Mary, 
who is dead; and John. The above-named 
families have and still live in Lewis County, 
near Valley. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 383 

ToNCRAY, Ezra, was born in Duchess County, 
N. Y., and emigrated to Rockbridge County, 
Va. He married Hannah Mitchell, and came 
to Kentucky in 1804. He came by way of Lex- 
ington, and settled in Lewis County where the 
old homestead now stands, on the old State 
Road. There was then neither road nor path 
by which he could travel farther on his journey, 
so he built him a shanty in the woods, near the 
blazed trail, and settled his family as comfortably 
as he could until he could move on farther. 
But he concluded later to stay, and bought the 
land where he was camped and immediately 
set about to make a home in the wilderness. 

Parker, William, of Virginia, was the father 
of Harry and Thomas Parker, who were citizens 
of Lewis County at its organization, in 1807. 
Just in what year they came to Lewis County 
is not definitely known, but perhaps about the 
year 1800. 

Parker, Harry, married Joanna Thomas, 
and they were the parents of Charles, whose 
wife was Jane Cooper. They had no children, 
and he died in \ anceburg. 

Parker, John F., who married his cousin, 
Nancy Parker, and he married at Fairview, 
and the following are their children: William, 
who is dead; James, a cigarmaker, now dead; 

384 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

and Robert H., commonly called "Kitty," and 
who lives on Black Jack Branch, near Vance- 
burg. Robert, the third son, married Elizabeth 
Parker, December 19, 18^23, and died July 27, 
1859, near Clarksburg. The following are his 
children: Harry Thomas, died in Greenup, 
November 30, 1859; Melvina Ann, married 
W. W. Winter in June, 1848; Benjamin W., once 
a saddler in Vanceburg; Harriet Luc3% wife of 
W. T. Swearingin, now living in Ashland, Ky.; 
Mary Jane, wife of Joseph W. Cottingham, of 
Vanceburg, both deceased; John Grant, who 
married Sarah E. Thomas in March, 1860, died 
in Vanceburg in June, 1871; Martha Ellen, born 
July, 1837, and died November, 1847; Georgia 
Ann, born June, 1840, and was married to 
P. M. Stricklett December 21, 1860; Mary 
Eliza, born April, 184'-2, and was married to 
J. M. Ruggles in December, 1869, and now^ lives 
in Saybrook, 111, Mason Brown, the tenth child, 
was born November, 1844, and died in Sep- 
tember, 1873. Harry, the fourth son of Harvey 
Parker, married Elizabeth Mitchell, by whom he 
had a son, Edwin, who now lives in Vanceburg. 
Mr. Harvey Parker afterward married a second 
wife, and later moved to Missouri. 

We now take up the history of the Thomas 
Parker branch of the family. Thomas Parker 
was twice married — first to Betsy Smith, of 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 385 

Fayette County, Ky., and secondly to Miss 
Botts, of Fleming County. His eldest son, 
Garland S., was born in April, 1794, and died 
near the mouth of Kinniconnick. His wife was 
Patsy Voiers. Their children were Rebecca, 
John, Robert, Plummer, Sallie, and Seth. Be- 
sides these there were several girls w^hose names 
we were not able to obtain. 

Parker, William S., was born May, 1799, 
and died in May, 1880. His wife was Theresa 
Mitchell, daughter of Captain Thomas Mitchell. 
Their children are: Granville S., living in Black 
Oak Bottom; Thomas, who died at Fairview; 
Anna Maria, late wife of Dr. John White ; Eliza- 
beth, who married a Mr. McCall; Harriet Lucy, 
wife of Fred Savage; Susan, who married John 
Frizzell; and Eliza Preston, who lives with her 
sister Harriet, near Fairview. 

Parker, Ambrose Dudley, is represented at 
Vanceburg b}^ the families. Thomas Parker, 
who was scalded to death in a mill vat, in this 
city, in the year 1807. His widow and son Jesse 
are living on a farm near the city, and their 
daughter Lizzie, now Mrs. Marion McGill, lives 
on a farm two miles west of Vanceburg. 

Parker, Fred H., his second son, also lives 
in this city, and has four children: Emma, 
William, John, and Priscilla. Robert, the third 


386 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

son, went to the war of 1861, and has never 
been heard of since. There were also three 
daughters, one of whom is Mrs. John SulHvan, 
another Mrs. Abraham SulHvan, and the last 
first married Thomas Moore, and, after his 
death, married J. Cole Redden, of Valley, Ky. 

Rowley. — This family came to Vanceburg in 
1838. It consisted of Charles Rowley, Amanda, 
his wife, and seven children: Hiram T., George 
W., Benjamin F., Edwin S., Charlotte S., James 
H., and Eliza J. Mr. Rowley was born on 
Long Island, N. Y., and his wife was born in 
Connecticut; but her parents moved to Canan- 
dagua Lake, in Lew York, when she was a child. 
After leaving New York the family went to 
Indiana. From there they moved to Branden- 
burg, Meade County, Ky. From this place 
they moved to Washington County, O., and 
thence to Vanceburg, Ky., in 1838, as above 
noted. They have lived here since that time, 
except George, who married James Carr's 
daughter, and moved away, making his home 
elsewhere. Hiram and Ben never married. 
James H., who is known as one of the best 
steamboat pilots on the Ohio, married Miss 
A. J. Ingram, and lives on Second Street, in 
Vanceburg. His children are James H., also a 
pilot, who married Miss Anna Carter, daughter 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 387 

of Thomas Carter, of Vanceburg; and Millie J., 
who married Mr. James Gardner, of the Vance- 
burg Flouring Mill Company. 

Mower, Samuel D., the son of Jacob P, 
Mower, was born in 184'2, and is a citizen of 
the county precinct that bears his name. Mr. 
Mower is a business man of marked ability, and 
has a wide acquaintance in business circles. 
His farming interests are extensive, and he 
sustains a large tentantry. He was united in 
marriage to Rebecca Cox. To this union were 
born twelve children, nine of whom are living. 

Means, John. — About one mile west of the 
Covedale Post-office John Means settled in 
1846. He was born in Miflin County, Pa., 
February 21, 1744. In 1794 he came to Ken- 
tucky, settling at Maysville. He was the father 
of six children, three sons and three daughters, 
as follows: John, Robert, Amos, Phoebe, Nancy, 
and Margaret. 

Jackson, Jesse W., was born in Mason 
County in 1788. He fought in the War of 1812, 
and was wounded in the battle of Lundy's 
Lane. He married three times, and to these 
unions twenty-one children were born. He 
built and operated a water-mill on Quick's 
Run, in 1842. He died in 1875. 

388 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

Herbert, Dr. William, was born in Xew 
Jersey about 1796, and came to Kentucky, 
with his parents, in 1802, and settled at Poplar 
T'lats. He later became a phj^sician, and prac- 
ticed medicine for sixty years. He was married 
three times, and raised thirteen children. Most 
of his children are now dead. S. J. Herbert, 
one of his sons, still lives at Sand Hill, and is an 
old soldier of the Civil War, aged eighty years. 
One daughter lives in Maysville, Ky., the wife 
of Mr. S. McKellup. One daughter on Cabin 
Creek, the wife of John D. Tully. Another in 
New Richmond, O., the widow of Marion 

WiLLiM, Harr3% was born in England. He 
came to Kentucky at an early date, and mar- 
ried Mary Spurgeon. They then moved to 
Salt Lick, about 1824, and he operated a tan- 
yard in Clarksburg. To this union were born 
six children, four boys and two girls, as follows: 
Ernest, William, John P., Sarah, Catherine, and 
Thomas H. Lewis Spurgeon and Mary Spurgeon 
are half brother and sister, older than the Wil- 

RoBB, William, was born in Julj^ 1775, in 
the city of Luxenburg, Germany. His wife, 
Elizabeth McGougin, was born in 1773, and 
thev were married in 1800. David Robb was 

History of Lewis County, Keutuchj 389 

born October 13, 1801, in Pennsylvania. He 
was married to Martha McNutt in 1825, in Lewis 
County, Ky. Joseph Robb was born March 2, 
1831, and was married to iVmerica Launtz in 
1849, in Lewis County, Ky. Joseph Robb, now 
Hving, is eighty years of age. He is a cousin 
to the Joseph Robb who served forty -four j^ears 
as a circuit clerk of Lewis County. 

Parker, William M., the grandfather of 
this sketch, was born in Philadelphia, Pa., in 
1752. He served in the Revolutionary War, and 
came to Lewis County, Ky., in 1802. He was 
married to Miss Mary Lisson, and settled on 
Quick's Run. He died in 1850, aged ninety- 
eight. His son, Daniel Parker, was born at 
Marietta, O., in 1796, and moved to Lewis 
County and married Miss Margaret Knox. He 
died in 1869. The subject of this sketch, 
W. M. Parker, was born October 7, 1828. He 
served as justice of the peace for eight years, 
and was notary public for sixteen years, and 
now, at the age of eighty-three, is enjoying 
good health, lives at Concord, and has never 
lived out of the county. 

Mower, Jacob P., was born in Pennsylvania 
about 1811, and came to Lewis County in 1834, 
and was married to Frances Fry, in 1836. To 
this union ten children were born, eight boys 

390 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

and two girls. He was an honored citizen of 
the precinct, and served as justice of the peace 
sixteen years. Three of the sons are now living, 
viz: David S., Samuel D., and J. L. P., who all 
now reside in Lewis County and in this precinct. 

Stone, Thomas, father of Ezekiel Stone, was 
born in Virginia and came to Kentucky early in 
the last century, and after living one year on 
Big Sandy River, moved to Kinniconnick, near 
the mouth of the Laurel Fork. He was the 
father of a numerous family, and most all the 
Stones in this part of Kentucky are descendants 
of his. 

Doyle, John A., was born in Maryland 
November 16, 1762. He came to Kentucky 
about 1790 as one of Simon Kenton's spies. 
(See Collins' History, page 553.) He was mar- 
ried to Christen Davis, daughter of Nicholas N. 
Davis, who lived on the farm now owned by 
William Kissick, March 18, 1796. To this union 
were born nine children, four sons and five 
daughters, viz: Edward, John, David, and 
Nichelson; Rebecca, Nancy, Elizabeth, Susan, 
and Ann. In the year 1798 he went to the 
Indian War and served four years. He also 
served in the War of 1812, and died December 
8, 1845. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 391 

Bevin, John F. — James H. Bevin, the grand- 
father of the subject of this sketch, was born in 
Charles County, Md., in 1775, of English 
parents. He taught school for a number of 
years in Maryland. He emigrated to Mason 
County, Ky., about 1803, where he married 
Miss Mary Evans, November 22, 1807. He 
taught school in that countj^ until 1820. He 
then bought a farm on Martin's Fork of Quick's 
Run, Lewis County, and moved to it the same 
year. His father died in Maryland about this 
time, and he fell heir to sixteen slaves, which 
were shipped to him. With this force a farm 
was soon cleared in the wilderness. His family 
numbered seven children, four boys and three 
girls, as follows: Harrj^ W., Chloe, Elizabeth, 
Catherine, Benjamin D., Charles A., James T., 
Benjamin D., the father of the subject of this 
sketch, married Miss Jane Henderson, Novem- 
ber 28, 1839. To this union were born six chil- 
dren, as follows: John F., Lonzo J., Richard B., 
Mary E., who died in infancy; Albert R., 
Andrew C. John F., the subject of this sketch, 
married Miss Charity Hampton, daughter of 
Squire John Hampton, September 29, 1859. To 
this union were born four children, as follows: 
Elizabeth J., Paris C, Cora A., and Ben R. 
Lizzie and Paris C. died single. Benjai nin R. 
married Miss Olive Irvyj, daughter of Squire 

392 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

T. M. Irvin, of Martin, Ky. She taught in our 
public schools for a number of years, and now 
owns a store in Carrs, Ky. Cora A. married 
James D. Jackson, and they now live on the old 
Bevin homestead, on Martin's Fork. John F. 
and wife are still living at a ripe old age, sur- 
rounded by many comforts of life. 

Fitch, John L., son of Benjamin and Olive 
Fitch, was born January 3, 1821. Mr. Fitch 
was one of the early pioneers and legislators, 
having served in the State Legislature in the 
early days of the county's history. He died 
May 15, 1859. 

May, John, son of Thomas May, came to 
this county from Pennsylvania in 1792, and 
settled in Lewis County about the same year. 
He lived to the ripe age of ninety-one, and died 
September, 1874. Thomas May, father of 
John Maj^ came to Lewis County and lived 
with his son until his death, in 1811. 

Freeman, Daniel, and wife moved from 
New Jersey to Dark County, O., in the latter 
part of the eighteenth century. The romance 
connected with this couple differs so widely 
from the romances of the twentieth century, I 
think it will bear relating. At that time it was 
contrary to law for the young man to steal the 

History of Leiois County, Kentucky 393 

girl. But as wit and schemes prevailed in those 
days as they do now, the young lady overcame 
that difficulty by stealing the young man. As 
in the days of our Puritan fathers, we see two 
seated on one horse, but the young man riding 

To this couple were born eight children. 
A. E. Freeman, a farmer resident of Lewis 
County, Ky., being one. He was born February 
7, 1810, in Dark County, O. At the age of 
twenty-three he was married to Elizabeth 
Hoover, whom he met while she was visiting 
her brother, who lived near him. They moved 
to Lewis County, Ky., in 1844, where he prac- 
ticed his trade of shoe making, until he was 
about forty years old. He then began to culti- 
vate the soil, and to clear out the forests which 
then covered a great part of Lewis County. 
Through the aid of his good wife, and his son's 
perseverance, he acquired a large farm and 
some other real estate. To this union were 
born nine children, three of whom still live in 
Lewis County. 

Elizabeth Freeman died at her home, near 
Trinity, Ky., May 9, 1891. A. E. Freeman 
then went to Boone County, where he spent 
the remainder of his days, these being com- 
paratively few after the death of his w^ife. He 
died December 1, 1891. He was then brought 

394 History of Leiois County, Kentucky 

back to Lewis County and placed beside his 
wife in the old Mower Cemetery. 

Halbert, Judge William C. (taken from 
"Johnson's Historj^ of Kentucky and Ken- 
tuckians"), who is the present incumbent of 
the office of judge of the Circuit Court of the 
Twentieth Kentucky District, is a lawyer of 
prominence and influence in Lewis Countj^ Ky. 
He was born on a farm fourteen miles west of 
Vanceburg on the ^5th of February, 1856, but 
his parents removing to Vanceburg six w^eeks 
after his birth, he has since that time made his 
home in Vanceburg, and has seen it grow from 
a hamlet of twelve houses to its present size 
and importance. In this growth Judge Halbert 
has taken and contributed an active and gener- 
ous part, and, like his father, has ever been 
one of the most public-spirited and important 
factors in the growth of his native city. 

Judge Halbert is a son of William C. Hal- 
bert and Lavinia A. Halbert, who were cousins. 
They were both born and reared in Lewis 
County, Ky., their parents on each side having 
been born in Bourbon County, this State, and 
their parents on each side having come from 
Culpeper County, Va., in the early settlement 
of Kentucky, to the central part of the present 
State of Kentuck3\ Isaac Halbert, the great- 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 395 

grandfather of Judge Halbert, was a native of 
Scotland, born not far from the Enghsh border 
or boundary hne, from whence he came to Vir- 
ginia prior to the Revolutionary War, settling 
first near Alexandria, in Fairfax County, where 
he married Elizabeth O'Daniel, and then moved 
to Culpeper County, in that State, where he 
continued to reside until he removed to Ken- 
tucky, in March, 1785. He served as a private 
soldier from Culpeper County in a Virginia 
regiment during the War of the Revolution. 
In March, 1785, as stated, Isaac Halbert emi- 
grated to Kentucky, moving his family and 
household goods by land from Culpeper County, 
up the waters of the Potomac, to Pittsburg, and 
then, by what was known as a family or house- 
boat, he made his slow journey to what was 
then called Limestone, now Maysville, where 
he landed and took the old buffalo trail or road 
to Boonesborough station, or fort, where he 
lived for the next three years, and in which 
his eldest daughter, Catharine, and perhaps 
one of his sons, was born in May, 1787. In 
April, 1785, Isaac Halbert located and surveyed 
various tracts of land, by virtue of treasury 
warrants obtained by him from the State of 
Virginia, aggregating about three thousand 
acres. These lands were situated in the vicinity 
of the station, where he then lived, and are now 

396 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

in Bourbon, Clark, and Jessamine Counties, 
this State, but then in Fayette County, Va. 
Daniel Boone, then deputy surveyor of Fayette 
County, Va., surveyed one of these tracts of 
land for him, and his survey and plat are now on 
file in the records of the land office at Frank- 
fort, Ky. He was a friend of Boone and Simon 
Kenton, and bore his part in the struggle to 
wrest the new country of his adoption from the 
Indians and to make it a State. In 1799 he 
purchased four thousand nine hundred acres 
of land on Salt Lick Creek, in what is now Lewis 
County, but was then Mason County, in this 
State; and in the winter of 1800 he erected a 
dwelling house on this land, at the forks of Salt 
Lick Creek, seven miles west of Vanceburg, and 
in the spring of 1801 he moved into this house, 
which w^as the third house built in what is now 
Lewis County. He continued to reside on this 
land until his death, in 1825, and he is buried 
in sight of his home, where he died. He was 
a member of the first petit jury that was ever 
impaneled in the Lewis Circuit Court, in July, 
1807. His wife was born in Virginia, of Irish 
stock on both sides, and she survived her 
husband twenty-two years, dying in 1847, in 
her eighty-seventh year. Isaac and Elizabeth 
Halbert became the parents of nine sons and 
three daughters, all of whom reached maturity. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 397 

and six of their sons served as volunteer soldiers 
in the War of 181 '2 in various Kentucky regi- 
ments; three of them were at the battle of the 
Thames, and one served as a marine on board 
of Perry's fleet in the memorable battle of Lake 
Erie. Stephen Halbert, grandfather of Judge 
Halbert, was one of these sons who responded 
promptly" to the call of Governor Shelby and 
marched with him to the Thames and helped 
to end the war with honor and victory in that 
section of the Northwest Territory. Another 
of their sons became a member of the colony 
that settled in Texas in 18*28, and received a 
league of land on the Brazos River from the 
Spanish Government for settling on it. He 
afterward served in the war between Mexico 
and Texas, and subsequently served as circuit 
judge in his adopted State. 

Stephen Halbert, the paternal grandfather 
of Judge Halbert, was born in Bourbon County, 
Ky., in March, 1793, and came, with his parents, 
to Lewis County in the spring of 1801. He 
married Mary Cottingham in that county in 
April, 1813, who died in 1829, at the early age 
of thirtj'^-two. She was born also in Bourbon 
County, the daughter of William Cottingham 
and his wife, Mary Johnson, who emigrated 
from Snow Hill, Worcester County, Md., and 
settled in Bourbon County in an early day. 

398 History of Letvis County, Kentucky 

He came from Ireland, or his parents did, and 
his wife came from England, or was of English 
descent. To Stephen Halbert and his wife, 
Mary Cottingham, were born eight children — 
five boys and three girls — and of this number, 
William C. Halbert, father of the Judge, was 
the second in order of birth. He was born in 
Lewis County on February 20, 1817, and was 
there reared to maturity on a farm. When 
barely of age he served as deputy sheriff of 
St. Francis County, Ark., for three years. 
Resigning this position on account of ill-health, 
he returned to Kentucky, and shortly after his 
return he was appointed acting sheriff of Lewis 
County (all the county officers being then 
appointed and not elected), and he continued to 
discharge the duties of sheriff, and without any 
deputy, for six years to the entire satisfaction 
of the court and the people. It is said that he 
never returned a warrant not executed if the 
person named in the warrant was in Lewis 
County; that he never summoned any one to 
help him arrest a person for whom he had a 
warrant, and that he never carried a pistol while 
acting as sheriff; and that he promptly collected 
and accounted for all public taxes and moneys 
that came or should have come to his hands as 

He read law, and was admitted to the bar in 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 399 

1856, and then removed from his farm to Vance- 
burg, where he made his home and engaged 
in the active practice of his profession until 
his death, in September, 1877. He was elected 
and served as county attorney of Lewis County 
in 1862, and again in 1870, and served eight 
years in all. He w^as nominated in 1852 for 
State senator by the Whig party from the 
Fleming and Lewis District, but declined the 
nomination on account of ill-health. In 1865 
he w^as nominated by the Democratic party for 
State senator from the Mason and Lewis Dis- 
trict, and was elected and served four years. 
He declined a renomination from that party in 
1869, on account of ill-health, and the demands 
of his private business. He was the leader of the 
Whig party in Lewis County from the time he 
acted as sheriff of the county until the demise 
of that party. He then became a member of 
the Democratic party, and continued the leader 
of it in Lewis County until his decease. He 
had a talent and a liking for politics, and could 
lead and organize his party as but few men 
could in his day, or since then, in Lewis County. 
He never drank, used tobacco, or gambled, was 
a strict member and an elder in his Church, 
and his one diversion was playing politics; but 
he never sought office for himself, and when he 
made a race at all he was drafted to help out 

400 History of Lewis Comity, Kentucky 

his party and lead a forlorn hope, he having 
always belonged to the minority party in 
Lewis County. He was never defeated wiien 
he did run for office. 

He was a very successful lawyer and enjoj^ed 
a wide reputation and large practice in Lewis 
County, where he was on one side of every im- 
portant case tried in that county for years 
prior to his death. He procured the passage of 
the law that secured the removal of the county 
seat from Clarksburg to Vanceburg, and to his 
efforts almost alone does Vanceburg now enjoy 
the honor of being the county seat. He was 
the father of the turnpike road system and the 
bridge law of Lewis County, under which more 
than one hundred miles of turnpike were built 
and many bridges erected over all the main 
streams in the county. He gave the site for 
the court-house and jail to the county. He also 
gave the site for the Christian Church, of which 
he was an elder, in Vanceburg. He was a 
charter member of Polar Star Lodge, No. 363, 
F. & A. M., and of Burns Chapter, No. 74, of 
Vanceburg. He built the flouring mill in 
Vanceburg and many of the dwelling houses 
therein, and took an active and intelligent in- 
terest in building up the town, of which at one 
time he owned practically half the land in it. 

Judge William C. Halbert was the fifth in 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 401 

order of birth in a family of nine children, and 
he was six weeks old at the time his parents 
settled in Vanceburg, in April, 1856. He at- 
tended the public schools of Vanceburg, and 
for two years attended the National Normal 
School, at Lebanon, O. When seventeen years 
of age he began reading law under his father, 
and in May, 1874, when slightly over eighteen 
years of age, was admitted to the bar. In the 
fall of 1874 he returned to school at Lebanon, 
O., and remained there until June, 1875, when 
he returned home and began the active practice 
of his profession as a partner of his father, with 
whom he continued to practice until the death 
of his father, in September, 1877. For three 
terms he served as city attorney of Vance- 
burg, and in August, 1890, was elected county 
attorney of Lewis County; was re-elected in 
November, 1894, and again in November, 1897, 
serving until January, 1901. In November, 
1905, he was elected to the Legislature and 
served two years as a member from Lewis 
County. He was a member of the committees 
on judiciary, criminal law, and amendments to 
the Constitution while in the Legislature, and 
took an active part in the deliberations of that 
body while one of its members. He declined to 
accept a re-nomination for the Legislature on 
account of the demands of his law business. In 


402 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

November, 1909, he was nominated and elected 
without opposition as circuit judge of the 
Twentieth Judicial District for a term of six 
years, and is now discharging the duties of that 
office. In June, 1910, he was commissioned by 
the governor as special judge for the State-at- 
large, under an Act of the Legislature passed 
in March, 1910, and held by the Court of 
Appeals as constitutional. 

In politics Judge Halbert is a Republican, 
of which party he has been one of the most active 
and faithful of its workers in Lewis County, 
and on the stump and at the polls has fought 
its battles earnestly and with great zeal, fidelity, 
and ability ; but on the bench he has endeavored 
to forget politics and mete out the law to all 
regardless of politics. He has so far succeeded 
in this effort that he decided against the candi- 
dates of his party in election contests involving 
the offices of county judge and sheriff in Boyd 
County, in which much feeling was involved. 
His decisions in these cases were subsequently 
approved hj the Court of Appeals. It can be 
truthfully said of Judge Halbert that he is well- 
equipped both by nature and legal training for 
the position he now holds, and that he has 
given very general satisfaction both in his own 
district and as special judge when called to act 
outside of his district. He is strictly fair, cour- 
teous to and patient with the humblest member 

History of Letvis County, Kentucky 403 

of the bar, and has untiring industry and energy 
to clear up the dockets and congested Htigation 
in his district. 

Judge Halbert is a member of the Masonic 
order, holding membership in Polar Star Lodge, 
No. 363, F. & A. M.; Burns Chapter, No. 74, 
Royal Arch Masons; and Maysville Command- 
ery. No. 10, Knights Templar. He is also a 
member of the Junior Order United American 
Mechanics of Vanceburg, 

In April, 1887, Judge Halbert was united in 
marriage to Miss Fannie Bate, who was born 
in Newport, Campbell County, Ky., and who 
was a daughter of Samuel Bate, a successful 
wholesale merchant in Cincinnati during and 
prior to the Civil War. He w^as born in Cheshire 
County, England, in 1818, and emigrated to this 
country in 1839, settling in Cincinnati, where he 
married a descendant of one of the first settlers of 
that city, and for whom one of the streets there 
is now named. To this union five children were 
born, of whom four are now living, whose names 
are: William C, Jr., John Bate, Harlan R., 
and Frances A., the eldest being twenty and 
the youngest nine. Judge Halbert and his wife 
are members of the Christian Church in Vance- 
burg, to which his grandparents adhered under 
the preaching of Alexander Campbell, the 
founder of that Church." 

404 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

"Orville p. Pollitt (taken from "John- 
son's History of Kentucky and Kentuckians), 
the present popular and efficient incumbent of 
the office of county clerk of Lewis County, Ky., 
is now serving his fourth term in office, and in 
discharging the duties thereto is acquitting 
himself with all of honor and distinction. Mr. 
Pollitt was born at Portsmouth, O., on the 
18th of September, 1871, and he is a son of 
James and Lucy C. (Parker) Pollitt, both natives 
of Lewis County and both members of old 
Kentucky families. Alexander H. Pollitt, pater- 
nal grandfather of the subject of this review, 
was born and reared in Maryland, whence he 
came, with his parents, to Lewis County in 
an early day, location being made on a farm. 
James Pollitt studied law as a youth, and be- 
came an eminent practitioner of his profession 
in Lewis County and in Portsmouth, O. He 
was summoned to the life eternal at the age of 
forty-seven, his death having occurred at Ports- 
mouth, in 1885. He served as judge of Lewis 
County for several terms immediately after the 
close of the Civil War, and was verj^ prominent 
in public affairs during his lifetime. His 
widows who still survives him, now maintains 
her home at Vanceburg. Mr. and Mrs. James 
Pollitt became the parents of two children, .of 
whom Orville P. is the onlj^ one living in 1911. 

"Mr. Pollitt of this review was a lad of but 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 405 

fourteen years of age at the time of his father's 
death. He was reared to maturity at Ports- 
mouth, his education consisting of such advan- 
tages as were afforded in the pubHc schools of 
that place. He also attended school at Vance- 
burg, and after leaving school he worked on a 
farm for a short time. In 1888 he was appointed 
deputy clerk of Lewis County, remaining in 
tenure of that office until the fall of 1897, at 
which time he was elected county clerk, of 
which latter office he has continued incumbent 
during the intervening years to the present 
time, this being his fourth term in office. His 
administration has been characterized by good 
judgment and stanch devotion to the duties 
at hand, and it is worthy of note here that in 
the last election he met with no opposition in 
either the primaries or in the election proper. 
"In politics Mr. Pollitt is a stanch advo- 
cate of the principles and policies for which 
the Republican party stands sponsor, and he has 
ever been an ardent supporter of all measures 
and enterprises projected for the good of the 
community. In a fraternal way he is affiliated 
with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and 
the Junior Order of the United American 
Mechanics. In his religious faith Mr, Pollitt 
is a devout member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. He is unmarried." 

406 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Judge Joseph M. Lee (taken from John- 
son's "History of Kentuckj^ and Kentuckians.") 
— "Lewis County figures as one of the most 
attractive, progressive, and prosperous divisions 
of the State of Kentucky, justly claiming a high 
order of citizenship and a spirit of enterprise 
which is certain to conserve consecutive devel- 
opment and marked advancement in the ma- 
terial upbuilding of this section. The county 
is signally favored in the class of men who con- 
trol its affairs in official capacity, and in this 
connection the subject of this review demands 
representation, as he is serving his county 
faithfully and well in a position of distinct trust 
and responsibility, being the present county 
judge, to which office he w^as first elected in 
1901, and in which he has continued to serve 
with efficiency during the long intervening years 
to the present time, in 1911. Judge Lee has 
long been known as an enterprising agricultur- 
ist, and he is a man whose business methods 
demonstrate the power of activity and honesty 
in the industrial world. 

"Joseph Marion Lee, of Vanceburg, was 
born on a farm in Morgan County, Ky., on the 
8th of August, 1856, and he is a son of James 
Harrison and Armilda Jane (Hunt) Lee, the 
former of whom was a liative of Rowan County, 
Ky., and the latter of whom claimed Mont- 

Joseph M. Lee. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 409 

gomery County, this State, as the place of her 
nativity. James Lee, the great-grandfather of 
him whose name initiates this review, was born 
and reared in Virginia, and he traces his an- 
cestry back to stanch Scotch-Irish- stock. 
Early in the nineteenth century James Lee, 
with his family, emigrated from the Old Do- 
minion Commonwealth to Kentucky, locating 
on a tract of land in Rowan County, where he 
was identified with agricultural pursuits during 
the remainder of his life. He became the father 
of a large family of children, of whom six sons 
settled in various parts of the old Blue Grass 
State and in Indiana. Of those sons, Louis 
Lee, grandfather of Joseph M. Lee, was born 
in Virginia, and he was a mere child at the 
time of his parents' removal to Kentucky. He 
was reared in Rowan County, where was sol- 
emnized his marriage and where he reared to 
maturity twelve out of a family of thirteen 
children — ten daughters and three sons. Of 
those children James H. Lee became the father 
of Joseph M. Lee. He was reared on the old 
parental homestead, and after his marriage he 
established his home in Morgan County. In 
1863, during the strenuous days of the Civil 
War, he removed, with his family, to Sangamon 
County, 111., traveling overland and carrying all 
the portable goods in a covered wagon, drawn 

.410 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

by an ox-team. At that time Joseph M. Lee 
was a child of but seven years of age, and he 
walked most of the way, driving before him 
three cows. While in Illinois Mr. Lee, who 
was an ardent L'nion sympathizer, organized a 
company for service in the war, but after being 
mustered into the army his entire family was 
taken suddenly sick with the smallpox, and he 
was compelled to remain at home in the capacity 
of nurse. After the close of the war he returned 
to Kentucky, where he soon made permanent 
residence in Lewis County, where his death oc- 
curred in 1906, at the venerable age of seventy- 
five years. His widow survives him, and now 
resides near Petersville, Lewis County, at the 
age of seventy-five years. Mrs. Armilda Jane 
(Hunt) Lee is a very wonderful old woman. 
During the early years in Kentucky there were 
no doctors in the neighborhood, and quickly 
recognizing the urgent need for medical attend- 
ance, she took up the study of medicine and 
became a practitioner, following the same with 
great success for many years. Although now 
quite advanced in years, she still retains in much 
of their pristine vigor the splendid mental and 
physical powers of her youth. She is a woman 
of most gracious personality, and is dearly be- 
loved by all who have come within the sphere 
of her gentle influence. She was a daughter of 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 411 

Joseph Hunt, a native of Montgomery County, 
his parents having been born in North Carohna, 
whence they came to Kentucky in the early 
pioneer days. Mr. and Mrs. James Harrison 
Lee became the parents of seven children — 
five boys and two girls, four of whom are living 
at the present time. 

"Joseph Marion Lee was the second in order 
of birth in the family of seven children, and he 
was twelve years old Avhen his parents located 
permanently in Lewis County. As a result of 
the ravages of the Civil War the family was very 
poor, and as Joseph M. was the oldest son, many 
important responsibilities fell upon him while he 
w^as still quite young. The father was a trader 
and was obliged to be absent from home for 
long periods, during which Joseph M. had 
charge of the work and management of the 
home farm. As his early years were taken up 
with hard work, he had little time for schooling. 
His education consisted principally of such 
training as could be gleaned from reading and 
experience. When he had attained to the age 
of nineteen years he was married, and there- 
after he was engaged in farming on his own 
account. Subsequently he engaged in the buying 
and selling of stock and in tobacco trading. In 
1882 he was elected , magistrate of Petersville, 
serving for one term in that office, at the ex- 

412 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

piration of which he dechned re-election. In 
the fall of 1901 he was elected county judge 
of Lewis County, and through successive re- 
elections he has continued incumbent of that 
position to the present time, acquitting himself 
most creditably in the discharge of the duties 
incident to the office. In politics he is aligned 
as a stalwart in the ranks of the Republican 
party, in the local councils of which he has 
been an active factor for many years. In a 
fraternal way he is affiliated with the Knights 
of Pythias, the Junior Order of the United 
American Mechanics, and with other social 
organizations of a representative character. 

"In the year 1875 was solemnized the mar- 
riage of Judge Lee to Miss Margaret Aldridge, 
who was born in Wayne County, W. Va., and 
who is a daughter of Frank Aldridge, a skilled 
mechanic, who built a number of large steam- 
boats. To Judge and Mrs. Lee have been born 
six children, namedly — Nancy J., Mary E., 
James F., Lennie B., Rosie A., and Thomas R. 
In their religious faith the Lee family are devout 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and they hold a high place in the confidence 
and esteem of their fellow citizens." 

"Judge George Morgan Thomas (taken 
from 'Johnson's History of Kentucky and 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 


Kentuckians'), of Vanceburg, Lewis County, 
Ky., who is now living practically retired from 
active participation in business and professional 
affairs, long held prestige as one of the most 
brilliant lawj^ers in the State and as a politician 

George Morgan Thomas. 

of the first rank. In the many and varied politi- 
cal ofiices of which he w as incumbent, he served 
his State wdth the utmost proficiency and with 
all the ardor inspired by a good cause. He is a 
fine old man, and one who is eminently w^ell 
worthy of representation in this publication, 
devoted to Kentucky and Kentuckians. 

414 History of Lewis Couniy, Kentucl'y 

"Judge Thomas was born on Salt Lick Creek, 
Lewis County, Ky., on the 23d of November, 
IS^S, and he is a son of EHjah and Araminta P. 
(Boggess) Thomas, the former of whom was a 
native of Lewis County, and the latter of whom 
claimed Loudoun County, Va., as the place of 
her birth. George Thomas, grandfather of the 
judge, was born in Culpeper County, Va., in 
1770, a son of Michael Thomas, the latter of 
whom was likewise a native of the old Dominion 
State, and who traced his ancestry back to 
stanch Welsh extraction. Michael Thomas 
was twice married, and became the father of 
fifteen children by his first and ten children by 
his second marriage. He died in Virginia, in 
1799, and his widow, who long survived him, 
came to Kentucky, with representatives of the 
Thomas family, and she passed away in Lewis 
County at an advanced age. Michael Thomas 
gave valiant service as a soldier in the War of 
the Revolution, and he was a man of influence 
and prominence in public affairs in the com- 
munity in which he maintained his home. Of 
his children by his second marriage, George 
Thomas was the oldest in order of birth, was 
reared in Virginia, and soon after his father's 
death he emigrated, with other members of the 
family, to Kentucky, sojourning about one 
year in Clark Countv, where he married. In 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 415 

1801 he and his wife came to Lewis County 
and settled on Salt Lick Creek, he being founder 
of this branch of the family in Kentucky. In 
those early days the country was new, and he 
lived the pioneer life of the day and died in 
1834, at the age of sixty-four years. He was 
one of the founders of the Christian Church in 
Lewis County, to whose doctrine the Thomas 
family have long been faithful. He built the 
first log church of that denomination on his 
farm, and he now lies buried in its churchyard. 
This church weathered the storms of many 
years, and was but recently razed. The widow 
of George Thomas, whose maiden name was 
Levina Schull, was a native of Clark County, 
Ky. Her mother was born in North Carolina, 
whence she came to Kentuckj^ her death having 
there occurred, in 1848, at the patriarchal age 
of one hundred and one years of age. She 
emigrated to this State as a member of the 
colony headed by Daniel Boone, and was at 
Bryant Station when that stockade was under 
siege by the Indians. She w^as a woman of strong 
and noble character, and was of much assistance 
in those strenuous, pioneer days, even leaving 
the fort to go to the spring after water, as the 
Indians were supposed not to shoot at women. 
George and Levina (Schull) Thomas became 
the parents of three sons and eight daughters, all 

416 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

of whom were reared to adult age in Lewis 
Count}^ where they married and had large 
families, George Thomas and his brother 
Israel were gallant soldiers in the War of 1812. 

"Elijah Hart Thomas, father of him to whom 
this sketch is dedicated, was the second in 
order of birth of the children of George Thomas, 
and his birth occurred in Lewis County, in 1804. 
He was reared on the old homestead farm, and, 
being the oldest son, early became identified 
with his father in the work and management 
of the estate. He was engaged in agricultural 
pursuits during practically his entire business 
career, and his death took place in 1883, at the 
home of his son, the Judge. His wife was a 
daughter of Captain Thomas Boggess, a native 
of Loudoun County, Va., and a captain in a 
Virginia regiment in the Revolutionary War. He 
was captured by the English and held prisoner 
on one of the islands of the West Indies for some 
time. After the close of the war he returned to 
his home State, and there was married to a 
Miss Smith, of Culpeper County, one of whose 
ancestors was at one time governor of Virginia. 
Captain Thomas Boggess removed, with his 
family, to Nicholas County, Ky., in 1814, and 
two years later he established his home in Lewis 
County, where he was summoned to eternal 
rest in 1832. In those earlv davs he and his 

History of Leivis Coiuity, Kentucky 417 

wife frequently made trips on horseback across 
the mountains of Virginia to visit relatives and 
friends. Araminta P. (Boggess) Thomas was 
born in 1801, and was a child of eight years at 
the time of her parents' removal to Kentucky. 
Her marriage to Elijah Thomas was recorded in 
1826, and they became the parents of four chil- 
dren — three sons and one daughter, of whom 
Judge Thomas, of this review, is the only one 
living at the present time, in 1911. The mother 
died in 1863. 

"Judge George M. Thomas was reared to the 
invigorating influences of the home farm, and 
his early educational training consisted largely 
of private instruction. He remained under the 
parental roof until he had attained to his legal 
majority, at which time he went to Clarksburg, 
where he was engaged in the pedagogic profes- 
sion for a period of two years, in the meantime 
studj^ing law during his leisure time. He was 
admitted to the bar of the State in 1851, and 
concerning his subsequent career as laywer, 
jurist, politician, and statesman extracts are 
taken from a review of his life made by Hon. 
Robert D. Wilson, at a banquet given by Judge 
Thomas to members of the Lewis County Bar, 
on June 4, 1901, to celebrate his retirement 
from active practice. 

"George M. Thomas was born on November 


418 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

23, 1828, on Salt Lick Creek, near the valley in 
Lewis County, educated in the common schools 
in the county^ — taught school, read law, and was 
admitted to the bar in 1851. Elected school 
commissioner in 1850, and served nine years. 
Elected county attorney in 1854, and served 
four years. Elected a member of the Kentucky 
Legislature in 1859, and re-elected in 1861. In 
1862 elected Commonwealth attorney in the 
Tenth Judicial District, and served six years. 
Elected county judge in 1868, to fill a vacancy, 
and served two years. In 1871 nominated for 
lieutenant-governor by the Republican con- 
vention, and made a joint canvass of the State 
with Hon. John G. Carlisle. In February, 1872, 
elected a member of the Legislature, to fill a 
vacancy, and re-elected in 1873. In 1874 elected 
circuit judge, and served six years. Defeated for 
circuit judge in 1880, and in the same year was 
a candidate for Congress in the Ninth Con- 
gressional District, receiving eight hundred 
more votes in the district than General Garfield, 
candidate for President, but was defeated by 
Judge Phister. Was appointed, in 1881, United 
States District x\ttroney for Kentucky by Presi- 
dent Garfield, and served for four years. In 
1886 elected a member of Congress in the 
Ninth District by two hundred and eighty-six 
majority. In May, 1897, was appointed solicitor 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 419 

of Internal Revenue by President McKinley, 
and served four years, at the expiration of 
which he returned to Lewis County, and, after 
fifty years of professional and official work, 
retired from active labors. Judge Thomas, as 
he is familiarly known to almost every citizen of 
this section of our State, and to every politician 
of any note in the State, is a man who has been 
eminently successful as a lawyer of recognized 
ability, a judge of strict integrity and sound 
judgment, and one who delivered the judicial 
ermine to his successor in office without spot or 
blemish. In every position of honor or trust 
to which he has been called he gave his time, 
his energy, his unceasing zeal, and almost un- 
erring judgment to the work incident to the 
office. Although a man of delicate health, yet 
by his strong will in governing his appetite and 
in dieting himself, he has, no doubt, been able 
to accomplish a vast deal more than many men 
of rugged and robust health. One of his mottoes 
has been: 'Nothing succeeds like success.' How 
applicable this trite saying has been to his re- 
markable career! 

"Teaching school, as nearly all our great 
men do in their early careers, reading law at 
odd times until, at the age of twenty-three, 
he was admitted to the bar, and, as hereto- 
fore shown, what a record is his from that day 

420 History of Leicis County, Kentucky 

until the present time! In all these years of 
arduous toil his energy never lagged, his vigilance 
for the welfare of his clients never ceased, and 
he was a doer — not a dreamer. If one was 
called to the court-house in the early morning 
he would find the Judge there reading the orders 
of the previous day. He would not rely on the 
clerk to see that the orders were promptly en- 
tered, for he knew the clerk to be often over- 
worked during the short time our courts are in 
:session. He has often said that his client was 
paying him, and not the clerk, to see that the 
work was properly and efficiently done. In 
all the long j^ears he was an active practitioner 
no one who ever knew his unfaltering devotion 
to his clients' interests ever whispered that he 
wavered or faltered in doing all that the require- 
ments of the profession demanded at his hands 
to advance and protect the rights of his client. 
He was never found occupying the anomalous 
position of representing two clients whose in- 
terests were antagonistic. His career has dem- 
onstrated that one of the old ideas "that a 
good lawyer could not be a good financier" is 
untrue. For in this respect he has shown 
himself to be a financier of no mean ability, 
although not trying to become a Rockefeller 
or a Pierpont Morgan. As a judge of human 
nature it is conceded that he is not excelled by 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 421 

many. This has been often demonstrated in 
the court-room, much to the discomfiture of 
opposing counseL As a historian, I do not be- 
Heve there is a man in Lewis County or Eastern 
Kentucky who has read more extensively, and 
retained what he read, better than the Judge. 
His memory at this late date is apparently as 
good as when he was in the prime of life, and 
then none possessed a better memory for facts 
or events. As a politician, it is conceded by 
those who know him, and who have suffered 
from the 'solar plexus blows' he was able to 
deliver, that he is unsurpassed by any members 
of either party in the State. 

"On the 8th of July, 1850, was solemnized 
the marriage of Judge Thomas to Miss Catherine 
Willim, the ceremony having been performed 
at Clarksburg, this county. Mrs. Thomas is a 
native of Clarksburg, where she was born in 
1831, and she is a daughter of Harry and Mary 
Wallace (Purnell) Willim, the former of whom 
was a native of Staffordshire, England, and the 
latter of whom was born near Snow Hill, Mary- 
land. Mrs. Thomas' parents were married in 
Union County, Ky., in 1819, and in 1825 they 
removed to Lewis County, where they passed 
the residue of their lives and where their deaths 
occurred, in 1867. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas be- 
came the parents of three children, one of 

422 History of Lewis Courity, Kentucky 

whom died in infancy. Bruce Fraser was born 
on the 20th of April, 1851, and died January 2, 
1882. He studied law, was admitted to the bar, 
and practiced his profession as a partner of his 
father, until his death. He was graduated in 
Miami University, at Oxford, O., and at the 
time of his demise was survived by a wife and 
two children. Walter William Thomas was 
born September 1, 1853, and died September 
9,5, 1854. The third and only living child is 
Araminta, whose birth occurred on the 25th 
of July, 1855. She is now the wife of Judge 
Pugh, of this city. Judge and Mrs. Thomas 
have five grandchildren and nine great-grand- 

"As already noted. Judge Thomas was active 
in business and professional affairs for fully 
half a century, during which time he has aided 
materially in the upbuilding of his home city 
and of the State at large. He is the owner of 
considerable valuable property in Lewis County, 
and has constructed several of the best business 
blocks at Vanceburg. In addition to his other 
interests, he is an extensive stockholder in the 
Citizens' Bank of Vanceburg. In a fraternal 
way he is affiliated with the Masonic order, 
with Avhich he has been connected since 1859. 
Politically, he is a stanch Republican, and it 
may be said without fear of contradiction that 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 4^23 

no man in Kentucky has done more for the good 
of the party and more for the general welfare 
of the State than has Judge Thomas. He is a 
man of broad and generous thoughts, of high 
ideals and untarnished morals, a man whose 
entire life record will bear the searchlight of 
closest investigation, and one whose career may 
well serve as lesson and incentive to the younger 
generation. The splendid and almost unequaled 
record made hy Judge Thomas in the service 
of his county, his district, his State, and the 
Nation is highly appreciated by all who are 
familiar with it." 

"Robert Dye Wilson (taken from 'John- 
son's History of Kentucky and Kentuckians') is 
an eminently successful and popular attorney 
at Vanceburg, Lewis County, Ky., where, 
through well-applied energy, unflagging deter- 
mination and perseverance in the active affairs 
of life, he has won a high place for himself in the 
confidence and esteem of his fellow citizens. 
Mr. Wilson was born on a farm in the western 
part of Lewis County, the date of his nativity 
being September 18, 1855. He is a son of George 
F. and Sallie A. (Wells) Wilson, the former of 
whom was likewise a native of Lewis County 
and the latter of whom claimed Mason County, 
Ky., as the place of her birth. Representatives 

424 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

of the Wilson family were numbered among 
the pioneers of Kentucky, and they figured 
prominently in the history of the American 
Colonies, different ones having served as valiant 
soldiers in the War of the Revolution and in the 
War of 1812. John Wilson, great-grandfather 
of him whose name initiates this review, and 
George Wilson, his brother, were born in 
Washington County, Pa., whence they came to 
Kentucky, in 1795. They laid the first land 
warrant in the western part of Lewis County, 
on Crooked Creek, the same being for a tract of 
twelve square miles of land, extending three 
miles along the bank of the Ohio River and 
four miles back from the river. Soon after they 
had laid this warrant one Samuel Beal laid 
claim to the tract by right of a grant from 
King George III, of England. The controversy, 
however, was settled in favor of the Wilson 
brothers. The two oldest sons of John Wilson, 
Samuel and George, settled within one mile of 
each other on this tract, both becoming the 
fathers of large families and both being very 
prosperous and influential citizens in this sec- 
tion of the county. Of them, Samuel Wilson 
was the grandfather of Robert D., of this review. 
He had ten children, of whom George F. Wilson, 
father of Robert D., was the fifth in order of 
birth. George F. Wilson was identified with 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 425 

agricultural pursuits during the major portion 
of his active business career, was an active and 
devout member of the Christian Church, and 
he died on his home farm at the age of seventy- 
five years. His wife, who passed away about 
1900, lived to the venerable age of eighty years. 
She was a daughter of John S. Wells, whose 
plantation was located four miles distant from 
Maysville. The Wells family were early settlers 
in Kentucky, the original progenitor of the name 
in this State having been a native of Pennsyl- 
vania. To George F. Wilson and his wife were 
born nine children, of whom but two are living 
in 1911. One son, John Samuel, was a member 
of the Fourth Kentucky Volunteer Mounted 
Cavalry in the Civil War, and he was one of the 
four or five who made their escape from capture 
in Georgia, all the rest of the company being 
taken prisoners. 

*' Robert Dye Wilson was the sixth in order 
of birth in the above-mentioned family of nine 
children, and he was reared on the home farm, 
his preliminary educational training consisting 
of such advantages as were afforded in the pub- 
lic schools of this county. Subsequently he 
attended Professor Smith's Academy, at Mays- 
ville, and he also pursued a course of study at 
Center College, at Danville, Ky. Prior to grad- 
uating from his collegiate course he was obliged 

426 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

to give up study on account of trouble with 
his eyes. In 1882, however, he was elected 
clerk of Lewis County on the Democratic 
ticket, he being the first Democratic county 
clerk to be elected after the war. In 1893 he 
was appointed master commissioner of the 
Circuit Court of Lewis County, remaining in- 
cumbent of that position for the ensuing fifteen 
years. In 1897 he was candidate on the Demo- 
cratic ticket to represent his district in the 
State Legislature, but met defeat by a small 
vote in a largely Republican county. While 
county clerk he began the study of law, and he 
was admitted to the bar of the State in 1889, 
after which he immediately entered upon the 
active practice of his profession at Vanceburg. 
For three years he was a lay partner of W. C. 
Halbert, present circuit judge. He has been 
identified with the work of his chosen vocation 
for more than a score of years, and during that 
time has won for himself an enviable place as 
an eminently skilled lawyer and as a business 
man whose methods have ever been of the most 
honorable and straightforward order. In addi- 
tion to his legal work, he is deeply interested 
in various industrial concerns in the vicinity of 
Vanceburg. He was largely responsible for the 
establishment of the button factory at Vance- 
burg, the same employing a force of sixty men 

History of Lewis Cou7ity, Kentucky 4*27 

at the present time, and he also helped to 
organize and is one-third owner of the spoke 
factory, which is doing a most prosperous busi- 
ness at Pikeville, Ky., employing fifty men. 

"As already intimated, Mr. Wilson is a 
stanch Democrat in his political convictions, 
and he has ever manifested a deep and sincere 
interest in all matters projected for the good of 
the general public. He is an active politician 
and has done much to advance the interests of 
his party in this section of the State. Fraternally 
he has passed through the circle of York Rite 
Masonry, holding membership in Only Hope 
Lodge, No. 363, Free and Accepted Masons; 
Burns Chapter, No. 74, Royal Arch Masons; 
and Maysville Commandery, No. 10, Knights 
Templar. In his religious faith he is a devout 
member of the Christian Church, while his wife 
is a zealous Presbyterian. 

"On the 23d of May, 1892, was recorded 
the marriage of Mr. Wilson to Miss Margaret M. 
Ingrim, who was born and reared at Vanceburg 
and who is a daughter of the late John C. Ingrim, 
long a prominent business man in this city. 
No children have been born to the union." 

"Mr. George T. Willim (taken from 
* Johnson's History of Kentucky and Ken- 
tuckians') was born on a farm near Vanceburg, 

428 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

on the 4th of October, 1874, and he is a son of 
Thomas H. and Mehssa R. (McKellep) WilHm, 
both of whom were born and reared in Lewis 
County, Ky. Harry Wilhm, grandfather of 
him to whom this sketch is dedicated, was a 
native of England, whence he emigrated to the 
United States as a young man. He brought 
with him a large stock of queensware from 
England, intending to engage in business in 
New York City, but the ship on which he took 
passage was wrecked and everything on board 
was lost, the passengers being compelled to 
swim ashore. Traveling overland to Virginia, 
Harry Willim went down the Ohio River on a 
boat to Kentucky, and it was on this trip that 
he met his future wife. Subsequently he settled 
in Lewis County, at the old county seat of 
Clarksburg, where he operated a tannery for 
several years. Later he disposed of that busi- 
ness and purchased a tract of timber land, 
where he erected and operated a sawmill for 
many years. He died on his farm, near Clarks- 
burg, in August, 1867. He and his wife, whose 
maiden name was Mary Wallace Bishop, be- 
came the parents of six children — four boys and 
two girls — of whom Thomas H., father of 
George T., was the fifth in order of birth. 
Thomas H. Willim was reared to adult age on 
the home farm, w^hich he later inherited and 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 4*29 

on which he continued to reside during the 
residue of his Kfe, his death having occurred 
in 1895. He married Mehssa R. McKelhip, 
who survives her honored husband, and who 
now maintains her home at Valley, Ky., and 
to this union were born nine children, seven of 
whom are living in 1911. 

"Seventh in order of birth of his parents' 
nine children, George T. Willim grew up on 
the old paternal homestead and he received his 
preliminary educational training in the district 
schools, later supplementing that discipline by 
a course of study in Riverside Seminary, at 
Vanceburg, T^y., and by a commercial course 
at Nelson's Business College, at Cincinnati, O. 

"When twenty years of age he secured a 
position as bookkeeper in the Deposit Bank at 
Vanceburg, and he continued incumbent of that 
position until the organization of the Citizens' 
Bank, in 1903, since which time he has been 
connected with the same, first as cashier and 
since 1907 as president, as previously noted. 
In politics Mr. Willim is aligned as a stalwart 
supporter of the principles of the Republican 
party. He is a former member of the Vance- 
burg city council, and in 1909 he was honored 
by the Fiscal Court with election to the office 
of treasurer of Lewis County, He is acquitting 
himself most creditablv in discharsins" the duties 

430 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

incident to his present office, and he is also 
trnstee of the jury fund. Mr. Wilhm is a man of 
fine intelligence and extraordinary executive 
and financial ability, and in all his business and 
personal transactions he is widely known as a 
man of honorable and straightforward conduct. 
He is affiliated with various fraternal and social 
organizations of representative character, and 
his religious faith is in harmony with the teach- 
ings of the Methodist Episcopal Church, while 
his wife is a devout member of the Christian 

"In July, 1898, Mr. WilHm was united in 
marriage to Miss Emma Jones, who is a native 
of Lewis County and who is a daughter of Ruf us 
N. and Sallie (Voiers) Jones, the former of whom 
was long a prominent business man at Vance- 
burg. No children have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Willim." 

"Ulysses Cravens Thoroughman (taken 
from 'Johnson's History of Kentucky and Ken- 
tuckians') was born in Lewis County, Ky., on 
the 12th of March, 1865, and he is a son of 
George W. and Nancy (Bonham) Thoroughman, 
the former of whom was likewise born in Lewis 
County, and the latter of whom was a native 
of Fleming County, Ky. The Thoroughman 
family is one of old standing in the Blue Grass 

History of Leiois County, Kentucky 431 

State. It is said that three brothers of the 
name, natives of Virginia, in the latter part of 
the eighteenth or early nineteenth century, fol- 
lowed the tide of Westward emigration, two 
going to Ohio and one to Kentucky. The latter 
settled in the vicinity of May's Lick, Mason 
County, this State, and there made a home, 
was married, and reared a family. Of his 
offspring William Thoroughman, grandfather of 
him to whom this sketch is dedicated, was born 
near May's Lick about the year 1808. As a 
young man he came to Lewis County and es- 
tablished a home on Cabin Creek, eventually 
acquiring a large plantation, which he reclaimed 
from the wilderness, and he gained recognition 
as a man of prominence and influence in this 
section of the State. He married a Miss Ginn, 
a daughter of Isaac Ginn, an early settler in 
this county, and to them were born four sons 
and one daughter, who grew to maturity, and 
four children who died in infancy. After the 
death of his first wife Mr. Thoroughman married 
Miss Mary Blanton, by whom he had eight 
children — four boys and four girls. William 
Thoroughman was summoned to the life eternal 
in 1892, at the age of eighty-four years, and 
his widow, who still survives him, now main- 
tains her home in Ribolt, Ky. 

"Of the children by William Thoroughman's 

432 History of Leuns County, Kentucky 

first marriage, George W. was tlie third in order 
of birth, and he became the father of Ulysses C, 
of this review. George W. Thoroughman was 
reared to adult age on the homestead farm, 
where his birth occurred on the 1st of April, 
1842. He continued as an inmate of the parental 
home until he had attained the age of nineteen 
years, at which time he was married, after which 
he located on a farm of his own in this county, 
to the conduct of which he devoted his atten- 
tion for the remainder of his life. He died in 
1905. His wife, who was called to her reward 
in April, 1885, in her thirty-seventh year, was 
a daughter of Nehemiah Bonham, who was for 
a number of years an expert cooper in Fleming 
County. When the Civil War was precipitated 
upon a divided Nation Mr. Bonham went to 
Ohio and enlisted in a Union regiment as a 
bugler. He was lost track of, and it is supposed 
that he lost his life while in service. Mr. and 
Mrs. George W. Thoroughman became the 
parents of three children, two of whom died 
in infancy, Ulysses C. being the only one to 
attain to years of maturity. 

"Ulysses Cravens Thoroughman was reared 
to the invigorating influences of the home farm, 
in the work and management of which he early 
began to assist his father. He received but lim- 
ited educational advantages in his youth, such 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 433 

training as he did receive consisting of attend- 
ance in a crude log sclioolhouse, which was but 
meagerly furnished with mere slabs for seats. 
Later he gained some private instruction, for 
which he raised potatoes as tuition. Mr. Tlior- 
oughman himself states that much of his pre- 
liminary education was received under the old 
apple tree at home, where he used to read all 
the books which came into his possession. 
From earliest youth he was ambitious for an 
education, farming being particularly distasteful 
to him. Subsequently he had occasion to attend 
school for a short time at Tollesboro, and still 
later he pursued a course of study at the Vance- 
burg Normal School. In due time he secured a 
third-class teacher's certificate, and, armed with 
that, he began to teach, at the age of twenty 
years. He was most successfully engaged in 
the pedagogic profession in Lewis County for a 
period of fifteen years, in the meantime studying 
law with William Fitch, at Vanceburg. He was 
admitted to the bar of the State in 1891, but 
continued to teach school until the spring of 
1902, at which time he became a candidate for 
nomination on the Republican ticket for the 
office of county attorney of Lewis County. 
After a closely contested primary, he received 
the nomination by a majority of sixty-seven 
votes in Lewis County. His opponent was the 

434 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

former county attorney and is, at present (1911), 
judge of the Circuit Court. Mr. Tlioroughman 
has been twice re-elected to the position of 
county attorney, and he is now serving his 
third term in that office, his last election having 
occurred in the fall of 1909, without opposition 
for nomination or in election. In politics he 
endorses the cause of the Republican party, and 
he has ever manifested a keen interest in public 
affairs. He is an active politician, and has made 
many campaign canvasses for himself and friends 
in this section of the State. He is very popular 
and influential as a citizen, and no business 
man in Lewis County holds a higher place in the 
confidence and esteem of his fellowmen than 
does Mr. Tlioroughman. He is a man of brilliant 
mental attainments, and is well-learned in the 
minutia of the law. He has participated in 
many important litigations in the State and 
Federal Courts, and holds distinctive prestige 
as an able and versatile trial lawyer and as a 
well-fortified counselor. 

"Mr. Thoroughman has been twice married, 
his first union having been to Miss Hattie Shaw, 
in 1892. She was a native of Lewis County, 
where she was reared and educated and where 
she was a popular and successful teacher in the 
public schools prior to her marriage. She was 
a daughter of the late Richard H. Shaw, a 

History of Leiois County, Kentucky 435 

farmer and tanner. No children were born to 
this union. After the death of his first wife, 
which occurred in 1903, Mr. Thorouhgman 
was united in marriage, in 1908, to Miss Tacie 
G. Jones, who was born in Ohio but who was 
reared in Lewis County, Ky. Mr. and Mrs. 
Thoroughman have one son, Walter Grave. 

"Fraternally Mr. Thoroughman is affiliated 
with the time-honored Masonic order, in which 
he holds membership in Blue Lodge, No. 363, 
Free and Accepted Masons; and Burns Chapter, 
No. 73, Royal Arch Masons. He is also con- 
nected with the Woodmen of the World and the 
Junior Order of the United American Mechanics. 
In religious faith his wafe is a devout member 
of the Christian Church at Vanceburg, and 
they are popular and prominent in connection 
with the best social activities of the community." 

"George W. Stamper (taken from 'John- 
son's History of Kentucky and Kentuckians'). — 
Vigor, enterprise, and persistency — these are the 
qualities which make for success and these are 
the characteristics which have dominated the 
career of George W. Stamper, who, through his 
own efforts, built the ladder by which he has 
climbed to affluence. He has been identified 
with farming, blacksmithing, merchandising, 
lumbering, and banking, and in each of these 

436 History of Lewis Comity, Kentucky 

enterprises his success has been on a parity with 
his well-directed endeavors. He has also been 
an important factor in connection with public 
utilities, and as a citizen he holds a high place 
in the confidence and esteem of his fellowmen. 
"George Washington Stamper was born on 
a farm in Lewis County, Ky., on the 26th of 
December, 1850, and he is a son of George W. 
and Catherine (Dyer) Stamper, the former of 
whom was a native of North Carolina and the 
latter of Morgan County, Ky. John Stamper, 
grandfather of him whose name initiates this 
review, was born, reared, and married in North 
Carolina, and in the early '20s he emigrated to 
Kentucky, locating on the Kentucky River, in 
Wolfe County, where he engaged in farming. 
He and his wife, whose maiden name was Sallie 
Stamper, and who was a cousin of her husband, 
raised a family of ten children, most of whom 
were born in Kentucky. The father of George 
W., Jr., was the first born, and he was an infant 
at the time of his parents' removal to the Blue 
Grass State. W^hen he was fifteen years of age 
the family home was established in Carter 
County, and there he grew to manhood, married, 
and, in 1845, engaged in agricultural pursuits 
on a farm near Olive Hill, Lewis County. He 
was very industrious, an excellent farmer and 
business man, and in due time he accumulated a 

History of Leiois County, Kentucky 437 

competency. About 1865 he opened a store on 
his farm, continuing to be identified with the 
general merchandise business for the ensuing 
twenty -five years. His death occurred on his 
old homestead in 1905, at the venerable age 
of eighty-two years. He was a stalwart Demo- 
crat in his political convictions, and' he served 
for several years as justice of the peace. His 
wife was summoned to eternal rest in 1898, at 
the age of sixty-eight years. She was a daughter 
of Francis Dyer, of Morgan County, Ky. Mr. 
and Mrs. George W. Stamper became the parents 
of twelve children — five boys and seven girls — 
nine of whom are living in 1911, and of the 
number the subject of this review was the 
third in order of birth. 

"George Washington Stamper, Jr., passed his 
youth in a manner similar to that of the farmer 
boy of that day, attending the district school 
during the winter months and working on the 
home farm during the summer seasons. When 
he had attained to the age of sixteen years he 
entered his father's store, where he learned the 
details of general merchandising, and he con- 
tinued an inmate of the parental home until he 
had reached his legal majority. Thereafter he 
worked in a blacksmith shop for a time, and 
was engaged in farming on his own account for 
a couple of years, at the expiration of which he 

438 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

started a general store on a small scale on 
Grassy Creek. This store, which he still owns 
and operates, has been doing business for the 
past thirty -five years. For thirty-three years 
Mr. Stamper was the able incumbent of the 
office of postmaster at Head of Grassj^, and he 
was one of the oldest postmasters, in point of 
continuous service, in this section of the State. 
He also became interested in the timber busi- 
ness while located on Grassy Creek, and he was 
for many years engaged in the stave business 
and in other enterprises most successfully. In 
1888 he established his residence at Vanceburg, 
and in the following year he organized the 
Stamper Stave & Lumber Company, which 
carried on an extensive trade for nine years, at 
the expiration of which that firm was dissolved 
and Mr. Stamper continued in the lumber busi- 
ness in partnership with his brother, Joshua 
Stamper. Two years later, in 1900, he became 
a member of the firm of Johnson & Stamper, 
the same engaging in the railway tie business, 
getting out railway ties at various points in 
this section of the State. This business is now 
controlled by Johnson & Stamper, who are 
successors to the Elliott Tie Company, which 
conducts its operations on the Little Sandy 
River. The annual output of this concern is 
from two hundred thousand to five hundred 
thousand ties. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 439 

"In September, 1889, Mr. Stamper laid 
the foundation of his present large mercantile 
establishment at Vanceburg by opening a gen- 
eral store in one room. This concern has grown 
to such gigantic proportions that it now occupies 
space equivalent to nine ordinary storerooms, 
the stock consisting of everything found in a 
modern department store, except hardware. All 
Mr. Stamper's successes are due to his inde- 
fatigable energy and great business ability, and 
it is no exaggeration to say that he is one of the 
greatest hustlers in the State. In addition to 
his other interests he owns several fine farms 
in the Ohio valley, and he has extensive real 
estate holdings in Vanceburg, where he has 
constructed a number of residences and the 
majority of the business block he now occupies. 
He was one of the organizers of the Deposit 
Bank at Vanceburg, of which he is president at 
the present time and in which he is one of the 
heaviest stockholders. At the time of the 
building of the local electric plant he was elected 
president of that corporation, of which position 
he is still incumbent. He is a man of tremen- 
dous vitality and most extraordinary executive 
capacit3\ Beginning with practically nothing 
in the way of worldly goods, he grasped his op- 
portunities as they appeared, and made of suc- 
cess not an incident, but a logical result. To-day 

440 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

he is recognized as one of the biggest financiers 
in Eastern Kentucky, and his fair and honor- 
able methods in all his business dealings have 
gained to him the highest regard of his fellow- 

"Mr. Stamper is a loyal Democrat in his 
political proclivities, but he has not had much 
time for political activity, having been a mem- 
ber of his first convention in 1910, at which time 
his influence was felt in no slight degree. In 
the Masonic order he has passed through the 
circle of the York Rite branch, holding member- 
ship in Polar Star Lodge, No. 363, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons; and Maysville Commandery, 
No. 10, Knights Templar. He and his wife are 
devout members of the Christian Church, to 
whose charities and benevolences he has ever 
been a liberal contributor and in whose faith ^ 
his children have been reared. 

"In 1862 was solemnized the marriage of 
Mr. Stamper to Miss Sophia W. Stafford, a 
native of Carter County, and a daughter of 
Sylvester Stafford, a farmer who served in the 
Union Army in the Civil War and who died in 
service. Mr. and Mrs. Stamper have eight 
children, namely — Rebecca, Cinda, William J., 
James E., Cora Mae, Julia, Bessie L., and 
Marie, all of whom were born in Lewis County 
and all of whom were afforded excellent educa- 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 441 

Samuel Pollitt was born at Tollesboro, 
this county, in 1862, and spent his early life on 
the farm. At the age of seventeen he com- 
menced to drive teams, and has been associated 
with the horse business ever since. At the age 
of twenty he commenced to drive an omnibus 

Samuel Pollitt. 

between Tollesboro and Maysville, which occu- 
pation he followed for fifteen years, having 
been in the same business between Germantown 
and Maysville for three years of this time. 
While in this business Mr. Pollitt made hundreds 
of friends, who will forget him only after they 
have answered the last roll call. In 1898 he 


History of Lewis County, Kentuclxy 

came to Vancebiirg and has since been closely 
identified with its business interests, and has 
conducted his business in such a manner that 
he enjoys the respect and esteem of all who 
know him. Since coming to Vanceburg he has 

A. J. Steix. 

been honored by election as school trustee and 
city councilman, and many other offices in the 
gift of the people of Vanceburg. 

Mr. a. J. Stein was born and educated in 
Germany, coming to this countrj^ in 1877 and 
locating at Catlettsburg, where he learned the 
tanner's trade and became associated with his 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 443 

father in that business there, conducting suc- 
cessfully the largest plant in Catlettsburg for 
sixteen years. He came to Vanceburg in 1893 
and took charge of the Buckhorn Tannery, and 
has built up a large circle of friends and an ever- 
increasing business. He is the principal stock- 
holder in our local telephone system, and the 
various telephone systems over the county, 
and the public can thank him alone for being 
instrumental in the development of that great 
convenience in our city and county. 

That he is respected and honored by our 
people is shown by the fact that he was twice 
elected to the office of city council, in which 
office he showed so much ability in the manage- 
ment of municipal affairs that he has since 
been elected mayor of our city. 

He is a member of the Masonic fraternity 
and has attained the Mystic Shriner Degree. 
He is director in the Deposit Bank, and is a prime 
mover in every movement which is made to 
benefit the business interests of Vanceburg. 

J. Louis Rowsey, the subject of this sketch, 
was born November 19, 1864, at Cedar Grove, 
Rockbridge County, Va. His work was in a 
construction crew on a railroad, and he worked 
in that capacity in several different sections of 
the country, being employed at one time on 

444 History of Lewis County^ Kentucky 

the C. & O., between Augusta and Wellsburg. 
He came to Vanceburg from Georgetown, Kj^, 
on February 23, 1894, and was working life in- 
surance at that time. He continued in the in- 
surance business for about a year after he came 
to Vanceburg, and then opened a photograph 
gallery in the Alden Building, on the corner of 
Third and Market Streets. He moved his 
gallery to his present quarters, two doors north, 
in 1903, and now has one of the nicest arranged 
and best-equipped studios in the State. Mr. 
Rowsey is a first-class artist in his line, and has 
taken several freak pictures that have gained the 
attention of the large city daily papers. There 
is no class of work in the way of photography 
which he is not prepared to do and do well. 
He enjoys a fine business and has hard work 
keeping up with his orders. 

W. T. Cooper was born September 27, 
1857, on Kinniconnick. His early life was spent 
on the farm and in teaming. In 1890 he went to 
Osgood, Ind., and engaged in the livery business. 
He remained there about five months and then 
returned to Vanceburg. He then went into the 
business of logging for J. K. Valley, and then 
hauling lumber and merchandise for Houghton 
& Sweet and lumber and logs for John Bidell, 
hauling one log for him from Salt Lick sixty 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 445 

feet long and thirty inches at top with ten 
mules. After that he went into the livery 
business in the old Front Street stable, which 
was destroyed by fire several years ago. He is 
director in the Lewis County Fair Association, 
and is ever ready to take part in an undertaking 
for the betterment of Vanceburg. 

Dr. J. M. Wells is one of tw^elve children 
born to Wm. W. and Matilda Wells, in Nicholas 
County, Ky., near the town of Mt. Olivet. 
There were two boys by a former marriage, 
which, added to the other twelve, makes four- 
teen children in all — seven boys and seven girls. 
Of the boys three became physicians and two 
ministers of the gospel. Dr. Wells received his 
education in Nicholas County, Ky., and Cler- 
mont County, O. He graduated from the 
Eclectic Medical Institute, of Cincinnati, Feb- 
ruary 23, 1877, and was married March 8, 1877. 
He located at Milford, Bracken County, Ky., 
where he practiced his profession for two and 
one-half years. Upon solicitation he moved to 
Vanceburg on November 10, 1879, and is to-day 
one of our most prosperous and successful 
physicians. He has always been prominent in 
Church and social circles^ and enjoys the confi- 
dence of a host of friends. He is an elder of the 
Church of Christ, and has been a Christian 


History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

for manj^ years. He is a member of the Ken- 
tucky Medical Association, the Cincinnati Ec- 
lectic Medical Society, the Alumni of the Ec- 
lectic Medical Institute, the National Eclectic 
Medical Association, and honorary member of 

J. M. Wells. 

the "Wisconsin State Eclectic Medical Associa- 
tion, and secretary of the Board of Pensions of 
Lewis County, and is coroner of Lewis County 
at present. 

He has contributed numerous articles to 
the various medical journals which have given 
him a national reputation among Eclectic phy- 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 447 

sicians. It is said of Dr. Wells that "he is a 
man of strong convictions and stands firm for 
that he believes is right." 

R. C. PoLLiTT was born at Rectorville, 
Mason County, Ky., May 10, 1869. He was 
raised on a farm until he reached the age of 
twenty, when he went into the music business 
in Maysville. After staying there six months 
he went to Ripley, O., and followed the same 
business for three years. He then went to 
Muncie, Ind., and remained the same length 
of time before coming to Vanceburg, in 1894. 
He has since made his headquarters here, and 
has sold a large number of pianos and organs 
in Lewis County and adjoining counties. 

Win Parker Bowman, of Vanceburg, Ky., 
was born at Tollesboro, Lewis County, Ky., 
June 7, 1876. His father and mother, Dr. W'il- 
liam Bowman and Maggie J. Bowman, both 
came from Brown County, O. 

Win Bowman was educated at the common 
schools of Tollesboro, and at fifteen years of 
age was employed in the United States Con- 
sular Service, at Tientsen, China. Returned 
to Kentucky in 1893. He taught in the public 
schools of Lewis County till 1901, when he went 
to New York and served as a nurse in Bellevue 


History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Hospital, but gave up the nursiug business as 
too confining and returned to Lewis County, 
in 1902. Later he was employed by the Pru- 
dential Life Insurance Co., at Dayton, O. In 
June of 1904 he again located in Lewis County 

Win Parker Bowman. 

at Vanceburg, here he established an insurance 
office. He has put large energy into his work, 
and now enjoys the income of an extensive in- 
surance business. 

Mr. Bowman is not only a successful busi- 
ness man, but a Church man as well, holding 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 449 

the position of local preacher in the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, doing earnest, honest service 
in the Church of his choice. His membership 
is in First Methodist Episcopal Church, Vance- 
burg, Ky. 

Ellsworth Regenstein. — Among the sons 
of Lewis County who in early manhood have 
risen to distinction is Ellsworth Regenstein, 
formerly State Superintendent of Public In- 
struction. He was born at McKenzie, near 
the Mason County line, December 4, 1874. He 
is the youngest of four brothers. His father, 
John H. Regenstein, was the only son of John 
H. Regenstein, Sr., who was of German blood, 
but was born in London, England, in 1785, and 
came to America with his parents in 1789. The 
family settled in Virginia, near Mt. Vernon, 
the home of Washington. At the age of twenty- 
one John H. Regenstein, Sr., moved to Ken- 
tucky, and settled at Limestone, now Mays- 
ville. A few years later he moved to Lewis 
County, purchased land and built the handsome 
old country home where John H. Regenstein, Jr., 
and his children were born, and which is still 
in the possession of the family. John H. Regen- 
stein, Jr., was married in 1860, to Miss Susanna 
Belle Moffett, a neighbor girl, who became 
the mother of the subject of this sketch. She 



History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

was the daughter of a Virginia family of Enghsh 
blood, that crossed the Alleghenies in pioneer 
days and settled near Ripley, Brown County, 
O., but soon moved to Kentucky, the haven 
then for Virginia settlers. Of the six children 

Ellsworth Regexsteix. 

born to this couple, Henry L., Omar M., and 
Maurice E. are prosperous Lewis County farm- 
ers; Anna B. is a teacher in the schools at Ft. 
Thomas, Ky., and Clara, another daughter, 
died in her sixth year. 

When Ellsworth was fourteen years of age 
his father died, and while the farm yielded a 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 451 

comfortable living for the family, there was 
not sufficient income to give the children an 
education beyond the country school. But in 
his boyhood Ellsworth determined on a pro- 
fessional career, and by means of the training 
he received at the little country school and by 
home study, he prepared himself to pass a 
teacher's examination, and at eighteen years of 
age taught his first school at Pence's Station, 
near Concord. He taught three years in Lewis 
County, and was then elected principal of the 
school at Helena, in Mason County. Within 
three more years he had established such a 
reputation as a teacher in Mason that the 
board of education of Maysville elected him 
principal of the first district school of that city. 
He held this position for three years with such 
success that the board promoted him to the 
principalship of the high school. He held this 
position two years, and was then elected to the 
principalship of the Newport high school. After 
serving two years in this capacity, the Newport 
board promoted him to the superintendency, 
which position he held four years. While he 
was superintendent of the Newport schools. 
State Superintendent of Public Instruction J. G. 
Crabbe appointed him to the State Board of 
Examiners, which position he filled during 
Superintendent Crabbe's term of office. At the 

452 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

close of the second year of his term. Superin- 
tendent Crabbe resigned to accept the presi- 
dency of the Eastern Kentucky Normal School, 
and Governor Willson appointed Mr. Regen- 
stein to fill the office for the two years of the 
unexpired term. 

By his own efforts Mr. Regenstein acquired 
the education which enabled him to fill the 
position which he has held. The money earned 
while teaching in the Lewis County schools was 
spent at the close of each five months' term in 
attending the County Normal School, at Vance- 
burg, and the State College, at Lexington. 
While teaching in Mason County and in Mays- 
ville he spent the summer months at the North- 
ern Indiana Normal, the Northern Ohio Uni- 
versity, and the University of Chicago. In 
1903 the Northern Ohio University conferred 
on him the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and in 
1905 this institution made him a Master of 
Arts. He passed a successful examination in 
1899 for a State certificate, and in 1906 for a 
State diploma. At the annual Commencement, 
in June, 1911, the State University, at Lexington, 
conferred on him the degree of Doctor of Laws. 

Although an eminently successful schoolman, 
Mr. Regenstein's great ambition from boyhood 
was to practice law. While a teacher in the 
country schools he purchased Blackstone and 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 453 

read both volumes through several times. While 
a teacher in Maysville he read law with L. W. 
Galbreath, a brilliant young attorney, who died 
in 1906. After locating in Newport he entered 
the McDonald Night Law School, took the 
complete course, and graduated with the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Laws. He was admitted 
to the bar in 1907. On retiring from the ofRce 
of State Superintendent of Public Instruction, 
he engaged in the practice of law at Newport, 
and is one of the leading attorneys at the 
Campbell County bar. 

In 1904, before leaving Maysville, Mr. 
Regenstein was married to Miss Marian Worm- 
aid, an attractive daughter of one of Mason 
County's oldest and best known families. She 
is a great-granddaughter of Judge Lewis Collins, 
the Kentucky historian. The couple im- 
mediately took up their residence in Newport. 
They have two children, Elizabeth and Ells- 
worth, Jr. 

Mr. Regenstein is a vestryman in St. Paul's 
Episcopal Church, of Newport, and is a prom- 
inent member of the leading business and social 
organizations of his city. In politics he is a 
Republican, but liberal in his political views. 
As State Superintendent he appointed a non- 
partisan board of examiners, and did much in 
many ways to remove the schools from politics. 


History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

He is a skillful debater, and has a State-wide 
reputation as a public speaker. While his 
father was a man of strong character and of 
high standing in his community, Mr. Regen- 
stein attributes his success in life chieflj^ to the 

John S. Mavitt. 

influence of his mother, a woman of high ideals, 
who gave careful attention to the rearing of 
her children. 

Mavity. — John S. Mavity, the subject of 
this sketch, was born in Bryantsburg, Ind., 
July 9, 1844. His father moved to Lewis 
County, Kj^, when John Mavity was one year 
old. He settled on the hill between Petersville, 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 455 

on Kinniconnick Creek, and Mud Lick. His 
early training was received on the farm and 
in the pubHc schools of that day. Later he 
became a teacher in the county, having fitted 
himself at State University, at Lexington, Ky. 
At the age of seventeen he joined the army, in 
the War of the Rebellion, enlisting November 
8, 1861, in Company G, 24th Regiment Ken- 
tucky Voluuteer Infantry, serving three years 
and eight months. 

Mr. Mavity has been editor, teacher, and 
county servant in other capacities all the years 
since the war, and has ever proven himself a 
true citizen and business man, as he proved 
himself a soldier in the rebellion. 

Mr. Mavity has been of invaluable service 
to us in the accumulation of facts for this work, 
due to his extensive knowledge of the county 
records and people. — [The Author.] 

McCann. — John H. McCann was born Jan- 
uary 31, 1855. He is of a family of twelve chil- 
dren — six boys and six girls. His father, Ed- 
ward B. McCann, and his wife, Elizabeth 
Burriss McCann, bought a farm and settled on 
Nevill's Branch, a tributary to Quick's Run, in 
1852. At this time Nevill's Branch was an al- 
most unbroken wilderness. So the subject of 
this sketch early learned the use of the maul and 

456 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

wedge, the ax and the hoe. In fact, girls and 
boys ahke, in this family, worked in the fields 
and woods to win a home from the forest and 
keep the wolf from the door. 

Mr. McCann, like many another of our older 
citizens, obtained his larger education from 
*'Red Brush College." However, he had ad- 
vantage of the best school facilities his com- 
munity afforded; the regular three months' 
term of public school in the old log schoolhouse 
accommodated, with split saplin seats, and he 
walked two miles and a half to get this ad- 

His parents were stanch Methodists, and 
trained their children in this faith. 

John McCann was united in marriage to 
Miss Flora Marshall, daughter of Humphrey 
Marshall. To this union were born nine chil- 
dren, three of whom are now dead. On the 
sixth day of April, 1908, Mr. McCann buried 
his wife. He now lives on his farm, near Martin, 
Lewis County, Ky. His children are all single, 
and some of them live with him in the old 

Mr. McCann has for thirty years been a 
close student of history, especially local history. 

It was through Mr. McCann's solicitation 
that the author undertook this work, and many 
and generous have been the kindnesses of this 
man to us in this capacity. — [The Author.] 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 


Plummer, Louis P., was born near Mt. 
Carmel, Fleming County, Ky., December 15, 
1815, being the first born to his father's second 
marriage. WilHam Phimmer, the father of 

Louis P. Plummer. 

Louis Phunmer, came from Pennsylvania early 
in the century and settled at Mt. Carmel. 

In the year 1828 the Plummer family moved 
to Lewis County, near the town of Burtonville. 
It was in this neighborhood Louis Plummer 

458 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

courted and married Sarah Luman. To this 
union were born fourteen children, six girls and 
eight boys, of which number three girls and six 
boys survive, as follows: H. F. Plummer, San 
Jose, Cal.; W. A. Plummer, Portsmouth, O.; 
Almedia Rourk, L. P. Plummer, M. L. Plum- 
mer, L. K. Plummer, A. M. Plummer, Cordelia 
Plummer, and Jennie Adams, of Vanceburg. 

In 1865 Louis Plummer moved with his 
family to Vanceburg, and in 1870 was elected 
jailer of the county, filling this position during 
his encumbency with credit to himself and the 

The descendants of Louis Plummer are hon- 
orable citizens of the county and stand for 
progress and purity of government, and take 
such active part in political affairs as will insure 
the betterment of the community. 

PuGH. — Samuel Johnson Pugh was born in 
Greenup County, Ky., January 28, 1850. His 
father, Samuel B. Pugh, and his mother, Mary 
A. Pugh, moved to Lewis County in 1852, and 
the son has been a resident of the county ever 
since. He was educated in the common schools. 
Chandler's School of Vanceburg, for over five 
years a pupil of Rand's Select School, and 
finally graduated at Center College, Danville, 

He studied law for about three vears with 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 


Samuel Johnson Pitgh. 

Judge George M. Thomas, and was admitted 
to practice in 1872, in which year, November 6, 
he was united in marriage with Mary R, Minta 
Thomas, only daughter of Judge Thomas. To 
this union were born three daughters and one 
son — Bessie H., now wife of Dr. F. A. Fitch, 

460 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

of Huntington, W. Va.; Nellie May, now wife 
of H. G. Hanford, of Washington, D. C; 
Beulah L., now wife of Elder D. M. Walker, of 
Stanford, Ky.; and Bruce T. Pugh, now of 
Washington, D. C. 

Judge S. J. Pugh served our State with 
credit to himself and his constituency in the 
State Senate of 1894-95. Judge Pugh has ever 
proven himself not only a stanch supporter of 
the political party he represents, but is alive 
with religious forces of his community under the 
direction of the Christian, or Disciples, Church. 
Mr. Pugh, among other offices tendered him 
in the gift of the people, now occupies the po- 
sition as city attorney of Vanceburg. Mr. Pugh 
is not only interested in pure politics, but is a 
gentleman in his own community, honored and 
respected by all. 

FuLTZ, Charles H., M. D., was born near 
Wesleyville, Ky., March 3, 1876, and lived on 
a farm until fourteen years of age. At this time 
his mother died and his father, John Fultz, 
moved to Olive Hill, Ky. A few months later 
the subject of this sketch went to the country 
to work on the farm for an uncle, and never 
lived as a member of his father's family after- 
wards. However, after missing two full school 
years he managed to spend ten months in school. 

Charles H. Fultz. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 463 

and at the close of this term secured a first-class 
teacher's certificate in Carter County, Ky. Two 
years later he came to Lewis County and was 
here granted a first-class teacher's certificate. 
He taught three schools in this county and 
studied medicine in the intervals at St. Louis, 
Mo., and Louisville, Ky., graduating in Louis- 
ville, June, 1901. He then located at Garrison, 
Ky. Shortly after which he was married to 
Anna Cooper, daughter of James and Julia 
Cooper, of Ruggles, Ky. 

After having practiced his profession at Gar- 
rison for four years he attended one term in 
medical college, Cincinnati, and then located in 
Vanceburg, November, 1905. He remained here 
ten months, then took a course of eight months' 
training at the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons at Baltimore, Md., graduating there June 
3, 1907. He then returned to Vanceburg to 
resume his practice. 

In the early fall of 1910 Dr. Fultz buried 
his wife. Mrs. Fultz w^as a true wife, and in- 
tensely interested in her husband's success. 

Dr. Fultz occupies a place of distinction of 
being one of the most prominent physicians in 
his section of the State to-day. He is loved 
and honored by all wdio know^ him. 

Chapter IX 

Wealth of the County- — Population: Census of 
1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1890, 
1900, 1910 — Area — Occupations : Agriculture, 
Horticulture, Mining, Manufacturing — Soil — 
Climate — Society — Churches — Sunday Schools 
—Secret Societies — Water Transportations — 
Railroads — Political Parties — Newspapers — 
Public Debt — Capitation and Property Taxes — 
Division of County Fund — Magisterial Dis- 
tricts AND Voting Places — Map. 

Wealth of County from 1876 to 1911. — The 
wealth of the countj^ as assessed by its officers, 
embraces the lands, stones, animals, and all 
other taxable property. 

52,439,473 Thos. A. Mitchell, 

H. I. Mitchell. 
1,964,700 Thos. C. Wilson, 

R. D. Wilson. 
1,871,494 S. L. Hall, 

F. A. Mitchell. 
2,315,522 J. C. WilHm, 

O. P. Pollitt. 
2,239,215 O. P. Pollitt, 

Ed. Willim. 
3,174,325 O. P. Pollitt. 

M. Bertram. 
















History of Lewis Coimty, Kentucky 465 


State County 

1905 T. M. Bowman, 

O. P. Pollitt. 

1909 2,406,803 M. Bertram. 

O. P. Pollitt. 

1910 (3501 voters) 4,613,787 Geo. Lykins. 

Population. — The population of the county, 
as given by the census reports, are as follows: 
1810, 2,357; 1820, 8,977; 1830, 5,229; 1840, 
6,306; 1850, 7,292; 1860, 8,361; 1870, 9,115; 
1880, 12,407; 1890, 14,803; 1900, 17,868; 1910, 
16,887. There are about 200 colored people 
in the county. 

Area. — The county is about forty miles 
along the Ohio River front and about an average 
of twenty miles width, which would make it 
cover an area of four hundred square miles. 
But its shape is so irregular that without an 
actual survey it is hard to determine its exact 

Occupation. — Most all the people are en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits, though of late 
years horticulture and market gardening have 
been receiving a share of attention. Mining has 
become one of the lost arts in Lewis County, 
though some little effort has been made of late 
years to locate zinc and lead mines that used to 
be worked, and if we are to believe the very 
creditable story of Mr. Battey, silver was, at 


466 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

one time, plentiful on Kinny Creek, and mined 
by French and Indians, and also by others. 

There have been, in times past, some manu- 
factories in Lewis, but lately there is nothing 
except skiff oars, cooperage, railroad ties, flour, 
buttons, canned vegetables, and leather prod- 
ucts. At one time Vanceburg boasted ten 
cooper shops, a hub and spoke factory, a planing 
mill, a furniture factory, and several other 

Soil. — The soil of the county consists of 
almost every variety known to the United 
States. The western portion of the county is 
limestone, the valley of Quick's Run red rock 
or bastard limestone, and the remaining portion 
off the river is of sandstone formation. The river 
bottom lands are either sandj^ loam or limestone. 

Clii^iate. — The climate is in general health- 
ful, though of recent years the winters have 
been quite variable, changing from heat to 
extreme cold very suddenlj^ 

Society. — ^Lewis Countj^ like every other 
place on earth, presents a stratum of society in 
which men and women of all stations in life 
may find their "kind;" but quite a large major- 
ity of her citizens are civilized and enlightened, 
are members of some religious body, and are 
endeavoring to educate their children. 

Churches. — The Methodist, Baptist, Chris- 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 467 

tian, Presbyterian, and perhaps several branches 
of these, are the Church organizations of the 

Sunday Schools. — There were thirty-three 
Sunday schools reported last year. Vanceburg 
has four schools which have an enrollment of 
over three hundred and fifty pupils. The Chris- 
tian Sunday school and the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
South, and the Presbyterian. 

Secret Societies. — The Free Masons, the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Knights 
of Pythias, and the Junior Order United Work- 
ingmen are the orders represented in the county. 

Water Transportation. — The only navi- 
gable stream in or near Lewis County is the 
Ohio River, running for forty miles along the 
northern boundary. A large amount of the 
county's products goes out and its imports 
come in by means of boats. 

Railroads. — The C. & O. Railroad runs the 
entire length of the county along the river, and 
passes through Vanceburg on Third Street. 
The Kinny branch of the same passes up Kinny 
from its mouth to Trace Fork, thence up said 
fork to the Carter Avenue line. Lewis County 
gave ten thousand dollars in bonds to aid the 
building of the C. & O. 

Political Parties. — The Republican party. 

468 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

the Democratic party, the People's party, or 
Popuhsts, and the Prohibition party are all 
represented in Lewis County. 

Newspapers. — The first paper published in 
the county was the Pioiieer of Progress, published 
in Concord in 1850, by E. Holderness. (For 
fuller description see History of Concord, in 
Chapter 2.) The second paper was the Vance- 
burg Kentuckian, established by Thos. Foster. 
It was afterward sold to the Republican Printing 
Company, and edited by Judge S. J. Pugh. 
The company sold it to W. S. Lewis and W. L. 
Fitch, who used it to political advantage and 
elected Lewis, a Democrat, county judge, and 
Fitch, a Republican, county attorney. Having 
no use for a paper and an office at the same 
time, they sold it to George B. Swap, who 
finally moved the plant away from Vanceburg. 

The next man to be enveighed into the 
newspaper business was Jas. S. Mavity. He 
published the Vanceburg Courier from April, 
1876 to October, 1880, at a loss of $2,200 be- 
sides his own labor. John B. Bradley, who had 
been the only successful sawmill man in the 
county, thought he might like the news business, 
and traded the proprietor some rock piles on 
Holly for his "elephant," but after a few weeks 
payment of expenses of five dollars above the 
income of the office, he rented it to Bullock and 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 46d 

Eaton for the consideration of "that they would 
not let the paper die." Messrs. Bullock and 
Eaton straddled the tripod and made paste in 
the sanctum for one year, when Mr. Bradley 
sold the outfit to A. L. McKay. Mr. McKay 
spent another fortune on the paper and office 
material, and made rather a better paper than 
any of his predecessors. But aggressive politics 
and financial trouble brought him to his back, 
and he left the office standing silent and alone 
in its hall, and, like the Arab, silently stole away. 
Somebody tried to run a religious journal from 
that office and with that material, but it was 
"no go." The old material lay around till 1888, 
when J. S. Mavity, feeling that "he hadn't had 
enough," launched the Vanceburg Times. Mav- 
ity, like the Farmer's Alliance, forgot that he was 
committed to the "non-political," and, with the 
Alliance, w^ent through one of the hottest cam- 
paigns that w^as ever fought in Lewis County. 
A short time after he concluded "he had 
enough," and turned the paper over to J. W. 
Allen, who finally sold it to the Sun Publishing 
Company. The Times became extinct, and the 
Sun started off to light the citizens of Lewis. 
It made one annual revolution and suspended 
for a short time, when it was sold to Dr. J. P. 
Huff, who edited and published it for one year 
as a Republican paper. He sold it to D. J. 

470 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

Drennan, who published a readable paper and 
made a living, both of which no other news- 
paper man had ever before done, in Vanceburg. 
At the present the Vanceburg Sun is owned 
and edited by Mr. M. O. Wilson, who has for 
four or j&ve years published a paper that shows 
a healthy growth from the start. You will not 
find a more readable paper in any county in 
Kentucky. We trust Mr. Wilson will always 
prosper and for many years edit the Siin. 

Public Debt. — The county's first public 
debt of any magnitude, or when bonds were 
issued against the county, was contracted for 
building the present court-house, in 1864, and 
is described in Chapter 2. 

The maximum amount of indebtedness was 
incurred in building the macadamized roads, and 
is shown by Public Debt Statement, issued and 
published in the Vanceburg Courier by Thos. A. 
Mitchell, county clerk, as follows: 


Statement of Eugene A. Jones, Treasurer of Lewis County, 

April 7, 1897: 
County Levy — 

Amount received from all sources from 

April 6, 1896 $4,015.31 

Amount disbursed 2,157.78 

Balance on hand April 6, 1897 $1,857.53 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 471 

County Revenue — 

Amount received from all sources since 

April 6, 1896 $6,634.51 

Amount disbursed 5,615.55 

Balance on hand April 6, 1897 $1,018.96 

Infirmary Fund — 

Amount received from all sources since 

April 6, 1896 $4,146.08 

Amount disbursed 1,433.17 

Balance on hand April 6, 1897 $2,712.91 

General Bridge Fund — 

Amount received from all sources since 

April 6, 1896 $861.92 

Amount disbursed 273.04 

Balance on hand April 6, 1897 $588.88 

Railroad — 

Amount received from all sources since 

April 6, 1896 $8,371.16 

Amount disbursed 6,890.00 

Balance on hand April 6, 1897 $1,481.16 

Quicks Run Bridge — 

Amount received from all sources since 

April 6, 1896 $4,817.43 

Amount disbursed 3,730.81 

Balance on hand April 6, 1897 $1,086.62 

472 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Forfeited Land — 

Amount received from all sources since 

April 6, 1896 $291.76 

Amount disbursed 322.60 

Deficit April 6, 1897 $30.84 

Road Fund — 

Amount received from all sources since 

April 6, 1896 $5,320.95 

Amount disbursed 3,172.76 

Balance on hand April 6, 1897 $2,148.19 

Bonded Debt — 

Turnpike bonds outstanding $32,150.00 

Railroad bonds outstanding 6,000.00 

Quicks Run Bridge bonds outstanding. . . 900.00 

Total bonds outstanding $39,050.00 

Paid on Bonded Debt during year 1896. . . $7,850.00 

Tax Levy 

The total levy for year 1897 is 70 cents 'per $100, and 

is as folloivs: 

County Levy 12 cents per $100 

County Revenue 15 " 

Road Tax 20 " 

General Bridge 5 " 

Railroad 5 " 

Infirmary 3 " 

Turnpike 5 " 

Total 70 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 473 


Statement of Eugene A. Jones, County Treasurer of 
Lewis County, for year ending April Jf., 1899: 

County Levy — 

Amount received from all sources $4,286.02 

Amount paid out 3,007.92 

Balance on hand April 4, 1899 $1,278.10 

County Revenue — 

Amount received from all sources $4,551.08 

Amount paid out 2,651.63 

Balance on hand April 4, 1899 $1,863.45 

General Bridge — 

Amount received from all sources $2,108.70 

Amount paid out 585.37 

Balance on hand April 4, 1899 $1,523.33 

Railroad Tax — 

Amount received from all sources $1,224.21 

Amount paid out 129.00 

Balance on hand April 4, 1899 $1,095.21 

Quicks Run Bridge — 

Amount received from all sources $1,202.34 

Amount paid out 1,051.29 

Balance on hand April 4, 1899 $151.05 

474 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Forfeited Land Fund — 

Amount received from all sources $139.11 

Amount paid out 66.42 

Balance on hand April 4, 1899 $72.69 

Infirmary Fund — 

Amount received from all sources . $3,188.90 

Amount paid out 2,876.25 

Balance on hand April 4, 1899 $312.65 

Turnpike Tax — 

Amount received from all sources $2,134.46 

Amount paid out 1,094.15 

Balance on hand April 4, 1899 $1,040.31 

Road Fund — 

Amount received from all sources $10,764.23 

Amount paid out 5,794.58 

Balance on hand April 4, 1899 $4,969.65 

Indebtedness Paid — 

County bonds $1,755.00 

Note on Infirmary farm 888.30 

Turnpike 969.15 

Total, 1899 $3,612.45 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 475 

Bonded Indebtedness — 

The following is a statement of the bonded indebted- 
ness of Lewis County: 

County bonds Nos. 471, 487, 489, 490, 491, 
495, 496, 500, 501, 557, 558, 559, 560, 
561, 562, 563, 564, 565, and 566, ag- 
gregating the sum of $9,630.00 

County refunding bonds Nos. 1 to 74, 

inclusive, aggregating the sum of 23,400.00 

Railroad refunding bonds Nos. 5 to 16, 

inclusive, aggregating the sum of 3,600.00 

Total bonded indebtedness, April 18, 

1899 $36,630.00 

The bonded debt was cleaned up in 1906. 

The Vanceburg, Dry Run, and Kinnicon- 
nick had a small lot of bond issued to it in 
February, 1908. 

Capitation and Property Taxes. — The 
property tax rate for the State has ranged from 
forty-five cents on the one hundred dollars to 
fifty cents. 

The poll tax on tithe runs from fifty cents 
to three dollars (1869) per head, and is now 
one dollar. The county tax is divided into the 
Road Fund, the Bridge Fund, the County 
Infirmary Fund. 

Report of county clerk, 1878, to the pre- 
siding judge and justices of the peace composing 
the Lewis County Court of Claims. 

476 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

The undersigned has learned, from various 
sources, that the people and taxpayers of Lewis 
County were desirous to know the exact fi- 
nancial condition of the county — the amount of 
its bonded debt at this time, and its resources 
to pay same. The records of my office contain 
all the information obtainable. The debt of 
the county now existing was contracted in aid 
of a system of internal improvements within 
its borders. The principal thoroughfares of 
the county are now^ macadamized turnpikes. 
In each and all of said roads the county is a 
stockholder to the extent of one thousand dol- 
lars per mile, and to pay the calls on said stock, 
subscribed by its officers, in obedience to law, 
the first bonds of the county were issued in 
October, 1868. From the records of my office, 
running through the terms of my mediate and 
immediate predecessors, I have coupled a state- 
ment showing the number, date, and amount of 
each bond issued; to what road issued and de- 
livered; when due, and which bonds have been 
paid. From said statement it will be seen that 
the bonds of the county have been issued and 
delivered to the various turnpike roads in the 
county as follows: 

To the V. S. L. T. & M. T. R $21,000.00 

To the Concord and Tollesboro Turnpike. . . . 11,750.00 

To the Mason and Lewis Turnpike 4,200.00 

To the C. C. S. H. & M. Turnpike 7,800.00 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 


To the S. L. E. & Mt. C. Turnpike $1,000.00 

To the V. D. R. & K. Turnpike 5,781.25 

To the Cabin Creek Turnpike 5,250.00 

To the Vanceburg, Q. R. & C. Turnpike 3,000.00 

Making a total of $59,781.25 

On the bonds so issued there has been paid, 

as shown by the statement referred to. . 29,991.18 

Leaving due and unpaid the sum of . . . .$29,790.07 

To pay these bonds, or rather, $29,790.07 
of them, we have a special county revenue tax 
of thirty cents on each one hundred dollars' 
worth of taxable property in the county, which, 
under an Act of the General Assembly, approved 
February 29, 1876, can not be used for any 
other purpose than paying the bonded debt 
and interest on same. (See Acts 1876, vol. I, 
Chapter 272, Section 3.) Said revenue tax 
yielded, for the year 1877, after deducting de- 
linquents, costs of collection, etc., the sum of 
$5,470.80. Assuming that in the succeeding 
years the tax will yield the same amount, we 
can pay, in the year — 

1878, after paj'ing interest for said year $3,652.16 




Total amount that will be paid in 6 years. .$25,474.96 

478 History of Leivis County, Kentuchy 

This leaves us only the sum of $1,315.11 and 
interest on that amount to pay out of the tax 
for 1884; therefore it is safe to say that the 
whole bonded debt and interest will be fully 
paid off in seven years. 

The $3,000 — amount of the bonds issued to 
the Vanceburg, Quicks Run, and Concord 
Turnpike — were issued for the purpose of build- 
ing a bridge across Salt Lick Creek, at Vance- 
burg, and the amended charter of said com- 
pany expressly provides that the $3,000 in bonds 
to be, and which were, issued to said company, 
shall be paid out of the bridge fund tax. (See 
Section 2 of Chapter 1021 Acts 1873, Vol. 2.) 
The bridge tax is five cents on each one hundred 
dollars' worth of taxable property in the county; 
and said tax yielded, for the year 1877, after 
deducting delinquents, exonerations, costs of 
collecting, etc., the sum of $875.14. Taking 
this as a basis, the said bonds and interest w^ill 
be Avholly discharged in four and a half years. 
These bonds, and also the bonds issued to the 
Vanceburg, Dry Run, and Kinniconnick Turn- 
pike, were issued for ten per cent, and the in- 
terest is counted for each year ten per cent. 

This labor has been undertaken and per- 
formed by the undersigned for the reasons herein 
before stated, and from a desire to inform those 
who are compelled to bear the burden, of the 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 479 

extent and probable duration of the debt, and 
hoping that it will prove beneficial to those for 
whose satisfaction and in whose interest it was 
prepared, it is respectfully submitted. 

Thos. a. Mitchell, 
Clerk Lewis County Court. 

Statistics 1879 vs. 1896 
Lewis County Statistics, 1879 

Average value of land per acre, $5.07. 

Number of acres cultivated, 289,658. 

Value of land tilled, $1,507,164. 

Number of horses and mares, 4,653. 

Value of horses, $154,855, 

Number of mules, 306, 

Value of mules, $13,950. 

Number of genets, 29. 

Value of genets, $825. 

Number of cattle, 4,487, 

Value of cattle over $50, $34,637. 

Number of stores, 60. 

Valuation of stores, $45,325, 

Value under Equalization law, $119,869. 

Value of gold and silver plate, pianos, etc., $18,145, 

Total valuation of taxable property, $2,149,099. 

Tax at 40 cents on the $100, $8,580.20, 

White males over 21 years old, 2,772. 

Colored males over 21 years old, 42. 

Legal white voters, 2,718. 

Legal colored voters, 42. 

White children between 6 and 20 years of age, 4,189. 

Colored children between 6 and 20 years, 54, 

Hogs over six months old, 4,165. 

480 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Studs, jacks, and bulls, 6, 

Taverns licensed, 4. 

Blind white persons, 5. 

Deaf whites, 4. 

Number of sheep killed by dogs, 48. 

Value of same, $144. 

Pounds of tobacco raised, 237,300. 

Tons of hay raised, 496,700. 

Bushels of wheat, 37,985. 

Tax Commissioners' Report, 1896 

To the Judge Lewis County Court: 

We, the undersigned tax commissioners, year 1896, 
would respectfully report, on the completion of our 
labors, that we find the total amount of taxable property 
of Lewis County to be as, returned by the assessor, all 
told, $2,164,094 as against $2,191,305 for 1895. There 
are 3,725 voters, a gain over the return for 1895 by 222. 
In view of the depressed condition of business generally, 
and the very low prices of all farm stock and produce, 
and at the suggestion of our county judge and attorney, 
we adopted a rule at our first setting not to raise any 
list unless it was a very clear case of "too low in value" 
— our object from start- to finish to hold up the assess- 
ment to 1895 as near as possible. The presence of the 
assessors was of great benefit to us, and will result in 
a much more correct tax book, and less annoyance to 
our taxpayers in having to come to the County Court to 
get errors corrected. All of which is respectfully sub- 
mi tteR, S. A. Agnew, 

E. C. Sellards, 
Geo. M. Davis, 
I. I. Walker, 
Jas. H. Garrett, 


History of Lewis County, Kentucky 481 

The total value of taxable property in Lewis 
County in 1865 was $2,471,269. White males 
over 21 years of age, 1,673. Enrolled in the 
militia, 848. The money paid for common 
schools out of the State fund was $2,722.50. 

In 1896 the valuation of taxable property 
was $2,164,094, which is a decrease since 1865 
of $307,175. This is perhaps one of the benefits 
of "resumption." 

The number of voters in 1896 is 3,725, an 
increase of 2,052. The value of each voter's 
property, on a general average, in 1865, was 
$1,477.60; in 1896 it is $580.96, or a loss on each 
of $896.64. Counting the same number of 
voters in 'Qo as '96, the loss is $814.77 to each. 

Expenses 1895-96 

Statement of the receipts and expenditures from April 
1, 1895, to April 1, 1896, of the taxes in hands of treasurer 
and collected for year 1895, as shown by settlements made 
with sheriff and treasurer for year 1895: 

County Levy Tax Fund — 

To amount in hands of treasurer, April, 1 

1895 $942.92 

To amount transferred to the fund from 
Scaffold Lick Bridge fund, being sur- 
plus left in said fund after completing 
bridge 945.08 

To amount received from Lewis and Mason 
Turnpike. Dividend on stock held by 

Lewis County in said turnpike 208.00 


482 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

To net amount of county levy tax collected 

for year 1895 7,563.68 

Total amount chargeable to the fund, $9,659.68 

By amount drawn on this fund by Fiscal 

Court, October term, 1894 $2,729.43 

By amount drawn on this fund by Fiscal 

Court, April term, 1895 3,895.02 

By amount drawn on this fund by the 

County Court during the year 1895 . . . 3,443.16 

Total amount drawn on this fund. . .$10,067.61 

Amount overdrawn $407.93 

County Revenue Fund — 

To amount in hands of treasurer, April 1, 

1895 $1,289.08 

To net amount of county revenue tax col- 
lected for year 1895 2,069.68 

Total amount chargeable to this fund $3,358.76 

By amount drawn on this fund for payment 
of Lewis County Turnpike bonds and 
interest during the year 1895 $2,548.69 

Balance in hands of treasurer, April 

1, 1896 $810.69 

Quicks Run Bridge Fund — 

To amount in hands of treasurer, April 1, 

1895 $1,301.07 

To net amount of Quicks Run Bridge, tax 

collected for year 1895 2,956.68 

Total amount chargeable to this fund $4,257.75 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 483 

By amount drawn on this fund for pay- 
ment of bonds and interest, and to make 
fill and fencing to said bridge during 
year 1895 2,360.83 

Balance in hands of treasurer, April 

1, 1896 $1,896.92 

Railroad Tax Fund — 

To amount in hands of treasurer, April 1, 

1895 $1,197.65 

To net amount railroad tax collected for 

year 1895 1,065.61 

Total amount chargeable to this fund $2,263.26 
By amount drawn on this fund for pay- 
ment of bonds and interests during 
1895 $947.83 

Balance in hands of treasurer, April 

1, 1896 $1,315.43 

Infirmary Tax Fund — 

To amount in hands of treasurer, xA.pril 1, 

1895 $2,990.66 

To net amount Infirmary tax collected for 

year 1895 887.09 

Total amount chargeable to this fund $3,877.75 
By amount drawn on this fund by the 

County Court during the year 1895. . $2,652.18 

Balance in hands of treasurer, April 

1, 1896 $1,225.57 

484 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Road Tax Fund — 

To net amount road tax collected for year 

1895 $4,416.30 

By amount drawn on this fund by County 

Court during the year 1895 $1,515.83 

Balance in hands of treasurer, April 

1, 1896 $2,900.47 

General Bridge Tax Fund — 

To amount in hands of treasurer, April 1, 

1895 (no tax levied for 1895) $667.66 

By amount of orders drawn on this fund 

by County Court during year 1895 .... 535.86 

Balance in hands of treasurer, April 

1, 1896 $131.80 

Forfeited Land Fund — 

To amount in hands of treasurer, April 1, 

1895 $44.70 

To amount paid to treasurer by T. A. 
Mitchell, county clerk, during year 
1895 215.86 

Total amount chargeable to this fund $260.56 
By amount orders drawn on this fund by 

County Court during year 1895 $232.06 

Balance in hands of treasurer, April 

1, 1895 $28.50 

Claims — 

Claims allowed by the Fiscal Court payable out of 
the County Levy Tax of 1896. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 485 

October Term 1895, viz.: 

For aid to paupers outside of infirmary. . . $1,324.98 

" work on roads 248.85 

" county officers' fees 432.05 

justice of the peace fees 146.25 

" constable fees 34.65 

" miscellaneous claims 255.60 

" justices of the peace attending this 

court 42.00 

Total amount claims allowed, Oc- 
tober, 1895 $2,484.38 

April Term 1896, viz.: 

For aid to paupers outside of infirmary. . . $899.43 

work on roads 515.63 

county officers, fees 1,432.20 

justice of the peace fees 57.95 

constable fees 60.60 

officers of election, 1895 143.80' 

miscellaneous claims 126.0^ 

rent of room to hold elections 31.00- 

justices of the peace attending this 

court 54.00 

Total claims allowed April term, 

1896 $3,319.6^ 

Total claims allowed by Fiscal Court, pay- 
able out of County Levy, 1896 $5,804.01 

Bonded Debt 
The bonded debt of Lewis County is as follows: 

Total amount turnpike bonds outstanding $33,578.84? 

Total amount railroad bonds 6,500.00 

Total amount Quicks Run Bridge bonds . . 5,350.00 

Total amount of bonded debt of 

Lewis County $45,428.84 

486 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Bonds Due 1896— 

Turnpike bonds $3,750.00 

Quicks Run Bridge bonds 4,450.00 

Three of the railroad bonds will be paid off 
in 1896, and the balance, $5,000, will 
be refunded as per order of the Fiscal 
Court, April term, 1896 1,500.00 

Total amount bonds to be paid in 

1896 $9,700.00 

TAX LEVY, 1896 
The taxes levied hy the Fiscal Court for the year 1896 
are as follotvs: 

County Revenue 20 cents per $100 

Quicks Run Bridge 10 

Infirmary 10 

Road 10 " 

Railroad 5 

General Bridge 23^ " 

County Levy 20 " 

And $1.50 on each male over twenty-one years of age. 
(Attest:) Thos. A. Mitchell, 

April 23, 1886. Clerk Lewis County Court. 

The statements above are of previous years. 
Now, to get a more thorough understanding of 
the conditions of the county, we give you the 
following statements of 1911: 

Statement of Geo. Willim, treasurer of Lewis County, 
term ending April 4, 1911: 
County Levy — 

Amount received $ 6,124.37 

disbursed 4,586.83 

Balance on hand $1,537.54 

History of Leivis Conniy, Kenhicky 487 

County Revenue — 

Amount received $7,161.08 

disbursed 3,357.14 

Balance on hand $3,833.94 

Road Fund — 

Amount received $10,835.01 

disbursed 6,706.11 

Balance on hand $4,128.90 

Bridge Fund — 

Amount received $3,769.68 

disbursed 2,274.25 

Balance on hand $1,495.43 

McDaniel Bridge Fund — 

Amount received $3,207.12 

'' disbursed 2,632.00 

Balance on hand $575.12 

Forfeited Land Fund — 

Amount received $345.59 

disbursed 142.75 

Balance on hand $202.84 

Infirmary — 

Amount received $2,910.08 

disbursed 2,872.84 

Balance on hand $36.24 

Bonded Debt — 

McDaniel Bridge Fund $2,500.00 

488 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

Magisterial Districts. — There are seven 
Magisterial Districts, numbered from one to 
seven, consecutively. They are fully shown on 
the accompanying map. In each district are 
two voting places, except in No. 3, Vanceburg 
District, there are four places to vote. The 
districts are also named — No. 1 being called 
Mowers; No. 2, Vanceburg; No. 3, Quincy; 
No. 4, Laurel; No. 5, Petersville; No. 6, Burton- 
ville; No. 7, Tollesboro. The polling places are 
all known by names. In District No. 1 are 
Mowers and Concord; in No. 2 are Martin, 
Valley, Vanceburg No. 1 and No. 2; in No. 3 
are Quincy and Tannery; in No. 4 are Laurel 
and Grassy; in No. 5 are Rands and Petersville; 
in No. 6 are Burton ville and Esculapia; in No. 7 
are Tollesboro and Henderson, sometimes called 
Poplar Flat. 

The law allows one magistrate and one 
constable in each of these districts, so that 
under the present law there are only seven 
magistrates instead of twenty-two, as under the 
old Constitution. This is quite a saving in 
expenses when the Court of Claims is in session 
and the justices are allowed three dollars per 
day. Three times 22 are 66, but 3 times 7 are 
21, a difference of $45 in one day. 

Lewis County. 

Chapter X 
Anecdotes and Traditions — Closing Remarks. 

The following anecdote of Thos. Stratton and 
William Sympson is told by the older people at 
Vanceburg : 

"In the long time ago, when the wild turkey 
still inhabited the hills of Salt Lick, Thos. 
Stratton and William Sympson were out hunt- 
ing, but both unconscious of the other being 
near him. Both of them heard a turkey gobbling 
and went in his direction, but from the side of 
opposite hills the turkey was sighted in an oat 
field in the hollow where Thos. Case lived. 
Both men saw the turkey and fired at the 
same time, and as he was killed, both went 
for the game. When they met in the field both 
claimed the turkey, and each showed the other 
how he killed the bird by the wound on his 
side which was toward him. Thej^ could not 
decide the matter, and agreed to take the turkey 
to Captain Mitchell, who lived near, and have 
it cooked for their dinner. In dressing the bird 
Mrs. Mitchell found two bullets welded to- 
gether in the middle of its carcass. This re- 
vealed the mystery — both had hit it, and their 


History of Leuns County, Kentucky 491 

shots had met in its body, with the result above 

A great deal of the unwritten history of a 
country can be picked up from the tales and 
traditions of the older inhabitants. Many 
times valuable secrets creep out in this w^ay, 
which for some unaccountable reason the old 
inhabitant thought it was his duty to hold 
locked in his memory, and which, if divulged 
at the proper time, might have been of immense 
value to coming generations. The first two 
following are specimens of this class. 

"About the year 1822 two men came, late 
in the evening, to the house of Robert Rea, on 
the East Fork of Cabin Creek, and at the same 
place where Thos, Rea now^ resides, and asked 
permission to stay all night. With the usual 
generosity of the Kentucky pioneer, Mr. Rea 
granted their request, and as the weather was 
warm, and they desired to sleep out on a porch, 
he also granted that request. In the morning 
he discovered that his two visitors had a haver- 
sack full of lead that they did not have the 
evening before, but they refused to tell him 
where they got it, though they intimated that 
they could not have gone far during the night. 

Two old gentlemen who lived in that neigh- 
borhood always claimed that they knew where a 
lead mine was situated. Their names were 

492 History of Leivis County, Kentucky 

Wau and Miller, and they indicated that the 
mine was somewhere between Mr. Rea's and a 
roundtop, known as "Bald Knob." It is said 
that Mr. Wau once took a man by the name of 
Looney, who resided in the neighborhood, to a 
spot in the woods and showed him a large stone, 
with the remark that "this rock looks like one 
where I used to get lead," and pointing to an 
old handspike, he said, "That looks like the 
spike I used to lift rock with, and that cut limb 
on a dogwood looks like the place where I used 
to hang my powder horn when I came to get 
lead." Mr. Looney, whom it, seems, was well- 
named, did not think till he had been led away 
what the old man was really trying to disclose 
to him, but afterwards concluded that Wau was 
showing him the lead mine, and he spent many 
days vainly searching for the place again, and 
could not find it; because Wau had taken him 
such a circuitous route to and from the place 
that it was lost to him. The old settlers have 
always claimed that the Indians got lead in 
this vicinity. Mr. Peter Hoover attempted to 
locate the mine, but failed. In later years 
Messrs. Brady and Bassett spent months in 
excavating shafts and cutting trenches about 
Bald Knob, but to no purpose, as the mine is 
still as much a hidden mysterj^ as it was before. 
But there seems, from the concurrent testimony 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 493 

of old citizens, that there is no doubt of a pocket 
of lead being hidden somewhere in the region 
of the "Bald Knob." 

Silver Mines on Kinny. — The following 
letter is from the Portsmouth Press, the latter 
part from the author of the Press letter direct 
to the author: 

A Silver Article 

Recently the Press contained a letter from a gen- 
tleman who knew the Waites, who used to make silver 
money in Adams County. That letter stirred up Mr. 
W. R. Beatty, Sr., of Sciotoville, who kindly contributes 
the following interesting information relative to the 

"Editor Press. — Having seen the articles in your 
columns relative to the discovery of silver in Adams 
County, O., and the mention of the family of Jonathan 
Waite and the so-called 'Waite dollar,' I thought the 
following would be of interest to your readers. 

"The log cabin referred to by your former correspond- 
ent was a veritable mint where thousands of silver dol- 
lars were coined, which passed as current as the coin of 
the realm. 

"But Waite could not work ore so impure as that 
found in Adams County. The Waite dollar was made 
from the ore just as found, without refining, and con- 
tained more silver than the American dollar. 

"Waite procured his ore on Kinniconnick, in Lewis 
County, Ky. My great uncle, Andrew Beatty, dis- 
covered the mine in 1812, and it was through the in- 
timacy of his and my father's family that Waite 
came to a knowledge of the mine. 

494 History of Lewis Comity, Kentucky 

"Andrew Beatty's prospecting extended from the 
head of main Kinny to within twelve miles of Boone 
Furnace. Here the ore became impure, and was not 
traced further. This territory embraces nearly the 
whole of Lewis and Carter Counties. My uncle, after 
many failures to open and work the mines, died upon 
the eve of success, and none of my ancestors ever made 
any further attempt in that direction. 

"Waite was interested in the matter, and one day 
came to my grandfather's and told him that, as it ap- 
peared that they would never get to do anything with 
the mines legally, he intended to make immediate ar- 
rangements to begin 'free coinage.' My grandfather 
tried to persuade him not to do so, but when he would 
not be persuaded, he gave him several hundred weight 
of the ore, which he then had in his possession, and 
this ore made the first installment of Waite dollars. 
Waite took into his confidence a smart Yankee, who 
assumed an Irish character, and who was supposed to 
be insane. He was known as Billie Johnson. Billie 
was not infrequently absent for months. His business 
was to transport the ore to the Ohio River, at a point 
now known as the Boone Furnace landing, it being taken 
across the river in a 'dug-out' and concealed in a place 
agreed upon. Waite was very ingenious, and divided 
his time between his mint and a perpetual motion 
machine. The latter showed more ingenuity than his 
curious and skillful method of striking coin. His ma- 
chinery, when once set in motion, would run until worn 
out, if not stopped. Gravity was the motor, and the 
power could be increased at pleasure. This machine was 
never brought to public notice, but it served Waite 
many a good purpose. Science may declare perpetual 
motion impossible, but those who saw this curious piece 
of mechanism will doubt the dictum. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 495 

"Waite's phenomenal success induced parties in 
Highland County, whose names I do not care to men- 
tion, to increase their finances by the same method, 
and thousands of dollars were made there. The quality 
of this ore may well be guessed, when it is remembered 
that there was not a mile of wagon-road between High- 
land County and Kinniconnick, and the only means of 
transportation was the pack mule. 

"A man named Sprinkle, of Kentucky, was the 
next to enter the ring. (I know that some will dispute 
this and claim that the scene of Sprinkle's operations 
was in Virginia.) The principal scene of his operations 
was on Laurel Fork of Kinny, and they were of no mean 
proportions, either. Sprinkle often crossed the river at 
Greenup, and his first stopping place on this side was 
at a house near what is known as Giant Oak Mills, on 
Pine Creek. On these occasions he was always loaded, 
but he much oftener made his way to Vanceburg, and 
many a goodly structure in that vicinity owes its ex- 
istence to Sprinkle dollars. (Two Sprinkle dollars are 
now owned in Vanceburg.) The next to take the cue 
was Shepherd, of Kentucky fame. The scene of his 
operations was about fifteen miles from Boone Furnace, 

"Shepherd was a regular 'moonshiner,' and had a 
smelter of no mean proportions concealed in the moun- 
tains, which was guarded night and day. He was soon 
trapped, and was sent to the penitentiary for eight 
years. The ore worked by him was not very good, and 
gave him a good deal of trouble to flux it. It is to be 
found about ten miles beyond Boone Furnace, where 
my uncle left off prospecting. 

"The next to add to the circulating medium was 
George Wright & Co., of near Haverhill, in this county. 
Shepherd having served his time in prison, returned to 

496 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

his old haunts and questionable ways. Wright and 
others, all well-to-do farmers in the vicinity of Haver- 
hill, O., formed an acquaintance with him, and undertook 
to work the ore on this side the river. Wright was an 
ingenious mechanic, but the impurities of the ore baffled 
him. Shepherd came to his relief by smelting the ore 
in his furnace, and casting it in long strips the exact 
thickness and width of a half dollar. These bars were 
taken to a trysting place near Greenup and turned over 
to Wright. Wright procured a powerful machine from 
Cincinnati. This machine was working with a lever, 
and every stroke made a half dollar. But the old 
proverb — 'The wicked are taken in their own crafti- 
ness' — was here verified. A slight indiscretion of one 
of the parties revealed their little scheme. Wright 
went up for five years, the others for a shorter term. 

"Shepherd was indiscreet, and being closely watched, 
soon found himself the second time in 'limbo,' and 
went up for a long term, dying before his time expired. 

"I have endeavored to give a brief and connected 
outline of the principal actors upon this curious drama. 
Many others of lesser note might have been instanced, 
but to follow the devious wanderings of all would make 
this too long a newspaper article. 

"The question may well be asked, what became of 
all this spurious coin? The answer is easy: 

"Having once passed into circulation, it could not 
be distinguished from the genuine, because it was silver. 
After becoming a very little worn, the slight defect of 
execution could not be noticed; and if any one should 
receive a Waite or Sprinkle dollar to-day he would be 
satisfied to know that it was silver without having it 
tested for the copper alloy. They are all in circulation, 
and if you should chance to have two dollars in your 

History of Lewis County, KentucJaj 497 

pocket, one from Waite's and the other from the United 
States mint, you can not tell 'which is which.' 

"This article would seem incomplete without a 
brief outline of the circumstances that led to the dis- 
covery of silver by my ancestors in the territory here 
named. One who has ever visited Kinny will be surprised 
at the number of weird traditions related to him by the 
old settlers, and would find it a hard task to trace the 
traditions back to their origin. In the year 1776 a small 
party of men were making their way from the East to 
the new settlements of Kentucky. On the journey they 
were attacked by Indians, and one of their number, 
named McCormick, was taken prisoner. He was taken 
to the head of Kinny, where the main body of Indians 
were encamped. He was tied to a stake, and they pro- 
ceeded to roast him after the manner of their instinct. 
As the Indians were firing the fagots, three white men 
approached. The three white men proved to be French 
missionaries, who interfered and saved McCormick's 
life. On the day following an Indian brought into camp 
a specimen of pure silver, which excited the curiosity 
of these Frenchmen. Upon making inquiry they found 
that it existed in abundance near the camp. After a 
careful investigation they decided to work the mine, 
and one of the men — De Burtte by name — and an 
Indian started to Fort Pitt for men and material. In 
due time they returned with sixteen other Frenchmen, 
and proceeded to build a small smelter, to make char- 
coal, and to open the mine. Twenty of the Indians 
remained with the French, and they continued their 
operations for the space of nearly three years. The 
Revolution was now in full blast, and the Indians went 
on the war path. Nearly the entire product of this 
mine, consisting of silver bars, was concealed near the 

498 History of Leicis County, Kentiwhy 

scene of operations. The above is a condensed statement 
of De Burtte's story, given in writing thirty-five years 
later. Andrew Beatty had discovered the old furnace 
and the old mine, and had prospected the entire country 
from the head of main Kinny to near the Spheherd mine, 
and had found many rich deposits of silver before he 
ever saw De Burtte's statement. Perhaps the richest 
of these is on Laurel Fork. My father had what he 
considered some 'lean samples' of this ore assayed, 
which yielded seventy per cent of silver. 

"But this article has increased in length far beyond 
my expectations, and I am not through. If it should 
seem to interest any one, I may have more to say 
hereafter. W. R. Beatty, Sr." 

"If any one is curious to locate the old mine worked 
by the French and Indians, they will proceed up main 
Kinny until they come to the property owned, in A. D. 
1867, by a man named Coleman. About one mile above 
the Coleman residence, a long, deep hollow intersects 
Kinny on the right as you face up stream. At the 
mouth of this hollow (in the fifties) stood a log cabin 
owned and occupied by a man known as Billy Burriss. 
The cabin burned down long since. This cabin stood 
on nearly the exact spot where McCormick was tied 
to the stake, and also on the spot occupied by the little 
smelter which was built by the French, and is truly an 
historic spot. Standing on this spot, with the face up 
Kinny, the old mine is on the left, a short distance up 
the hill, and is an object of much interest. It is easily 
found, and presents a strange appearance. The furnace, 
when found by my uncle, was compeltely in ruins. All 
the mining tools and implements used by them were 
in the furnace, and a small portion of their last heat 
was chilled in the crucible. 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 499 

"I know that geologists will and do say that the 
geological conditions of Southern Ohio and Northern 
Kentucky preclude the possibility of the precious metals, 
but since the declaration of these geologists silver has 
been discovered in Adams County, Ohio, and I speak the 
words of truth when I say that I know there are rich 
silver mines in Lewis and Carter Counties; and further, 
some as rich specimens of gold quartz as I ever saw were 
found on the dividing ridge between main Kinny and 
Triplet Creek. I have been in many placer gold mines, 
and I wish to say with emphasis that the locality here 
named shows every evidence of free gold. Has there ever 
been a single panful of dirt washed in all this region? 

"W. R. Beatty." 

"Mr. Sprinkle's Good Dollars 

"'I saw by the papers the other day where three 
of the famous "Sprinkle" dollars had shown up,' said 
F. L. Strowbridge, of Peoria, 111., to a Washington 
Times reporter. 

"'Do you know what the "Sprinkle" dollars were? 
No? Well, Josiah Sprinkle, the man in question, lived 
in one of the roughest sections of Lewis County, Ky. 
Washington, the county seat of Mason, was then a 
thriving town. One day Sprinkle, then an old man, 
appeared at Washington with a buckskin pouch full of 
silver dollars of his own make. 

"'In every respect they appeared the equal of the 
national coin. The weight was more than at present, 
and the quality and the ring were all that could be 
asked for. He spent them freely and everybody accepted 
them upon the assurance of Sprinkle that they were 
all right, except that they were not made by the United 
States mint. Upon being asked where he got the silver, 

500 History of Lewis Comity, Kentnchy 

he replied, "Oh, it do n't matter! There is plenty of it 
left." The inscriptions on the coins were rudely out- 
lined, and in no wise was an attempt made at imitating 
the national coin. On one side of the coin was an owl, 
and on the other a six-pointed star. The edges were 
smooth. The coins were considerably larger and thicker 
than the United States coin. Whenever Sprinkle came 
to town he spent the dollars of his own make. 

"'At one time he volunteered the information that 
he had a silver mine in the West, but the old man re- 
fused to tell any one where it was located. Finally the 
Government agents heard of the matter and came on 
to investigate. Sprinkle was arrested and brought 
into court, but the dollars were proved to be pure 
silver, without alloy, worth, in fact, a trifle more than 
one dollar each. After an exciting trial he was acquitted. 
When the verdict was announced Sprinkle reached 
down in his pockets and drew out a bag of fifty of the 
coins and paid his attorney in the presence of the as- 
tonished officials. Sprinkle was never afterward both- 
ered, and continued to make the dollars until the time 
of his death. He died suddenly and carried the secret of 
his silver mine with him. This was in the early thirties, 
and it has been twenty years since a Sprinkle dollar 
has been found.' " 

It was on the trail from Vancebiirg to the 
interior settlements, and near Kirk Springs, 
that the only recorded fight with Indians in 
Lewis County occurred. Collins' History gives 
it as follows, on page 300: 

"A party of Indians having stolen horses from 
some of the u])j)er stations, were pursued by a party of 
whites, who called at Stockton's Station for reinforce- 

History of Leivis County, Kentucky 501 

merits. Ben (a colored man belonging to Major George 
Stockton), with others, gladly volunteered. The Indians 
were overtaken at Kirk's Springs, in Lewis County. 
The whites, dismounting, secured their horses and ad- 
vanced to the attack. Only eight or ten Indians could 
be seen, and they retreated rapidly over the mountain. 
The whites followed, but in descending the mountain, 
discovered, from an attempt to outflank them, that the 
retreating Indians were but part of the many remaining 
behind to decoy them into an ambuscade, prepared at 
the base of the mountain. Various indications plainly 
showed that the Indians were greatly superior in num- 
ber, and the whites were ordered to retreat. Ben was 
told of the order by a man near him, but was so in- 
tently engaged that he did not hear. The man, in a 
louder tone, warned him of his danger. Ben turned 
upon him a reproving look, with indescribable grimaces 
and ludicrous gesticulations, admonishing silence, and 
springing forward, set off at a furious rate down the 
mountain. The man, unwilling to leave him, started 
after, and reached his side in time to see him level his 
rifle at a huge Indian down the mountain, tiptoe on a 
log, peering, with outstretched neck, into the thick 
woods. Ben's rifle cracked, and the Indian, bounding 
high in air, fell heavily to the earth. A fierce yell 
answered this act of daring, ' and the Indians (said Ben) 
skipped from tree to tree, thick as grasshoppers.' Ben, 
chuckling with huge self-satisfaction, bawled out, 'Take 
that to 'member Ben, de black white man,' and set off 
in earnest after his retreating party." 

Isaac Carr used (1836) to run a hotel that 
was situated on the river bank, at Vanceburg, 
just in front of where the Bireley flouring mill 

502 History of Lewis County, Kentucky 

now stands. In one of the carousals at the inn 
a general fight took place, and Larkin Liles, of 
Kinny, bit off the lip of Ed. Campbell. He was 
sentenced by the court to serve one year in the 
penitentiary for his offense. W. B. Parker, 
who was sheriff at the time, was to take him 
to Frankfort. Mr. Liles told him that, as it 
was now fall, and that his corn needed cutting 
and his family would need wood for the winter, 
that he would go home and attend to these 
matters and then meet him in Vanceburg on 
a certain day, ready to make the trip to Frank- 
fort. Strange as it may seem now, the sheriff 
consented to this arrangement, and on the ap- 
pointed day, true to his promise, Mr. Liles ap- 
peared. He then told the sheriff that he would 
walk through the country to Frankfort, and 
that he could go round by the stage route and 
meet him there. This was also agreed to, and 
Mr. Liles reached the Capital several daj^s in 
advance of the sheriff. Not being able to find 
Mr. Parker, Liles reported to the governor, to 
whom he told the whole story, and also said 
that he was ready to go to the prison and com- 
mence serving out his time. The governor in- 
formed him that he had no right to commit 
him to prison till the officer should arrive with 
the necessary papers and identify him as the 
prisoner. He waited till the sheriff arrived, and 

History of Lewis County, Kentucky 503 

when he did so and vouched for the correctness 
of Mr. Liles' story, the governor pardoned 
him, and he and Mr. Parker came back home 

Between 1840 and 1845, Brown, Wooster and 
Company were operating a lot of gang sawmills 
on Kinny, near the residence of T. B. Harrison, 
and they built a tram railroad from their mill, 
up Grassy and over the mountain, and down by 
Dry Run to Vanceburg. Over this road, with 
cars drawn by mules, they hauled their lumber 
to the river. Part of the old timber of the road 
could still be seen only a few years ago, and 
perhaps it is still there. 

It is said that there was an old trunk in the 
McKellup family which was one hundred and 
two years old. It was sent from Wilson's Bot- 
tom, March 17, 1896, to Elizabeth Woodworth, 
Russelville, Brown County, O. There is also 
an old stew pot in Robert McKellup's posses- 
sion which twice crossed the Atlantic from Eng- 
land to Virginia, and finally emigrated to Ken- 
tucky, about 1800. It is supposed to be about 
four hundred years old. 

Robt. Carter at one time thought the salt 
water at Vanceburg might still be of some value 
if it had been superseded for salt making, so 
he built a vat near the present residence of 
N. B. Webster, filled it with salt water, and 

504 History of Letvis County, Kentucky 

then planted it with oj^sters. He intended that 
Chesapeake Bay should be brought right to 
the door of Vanceburgians ; but alas for human 
expectations, his oj^sters failed to thrive, and 
the enterprise had to be abandoned. But he 
furnished lots of fun for the gossips, and as he 
was wealthy he did not mind it much. He was 
only experimenting, anyway. 

Ezekiel Stone tells the following story: 
"About the year 1800, when all the 'Kinny' 
country was a vast wilderness, an old hunter 
by the name of Barker built his cabin on Laurel 
Creek, wdiere the bear, deer, and other game was 
plentiful. One day he found it necessary to go 
for salt at the furnace near Vanceburg. A\- 
though it was bitter cold, he fared forth, and 
nearing his journey's end, he came by a giant 
poplar tree, on the farm now owned by Jas. 
Stone, and leaning against the base of the tree 
was a little white boy, frozen to death. The old 
hunter thought, of course, the boy belonged to 
some neighbor. He started out to find his 
home, and although he looked and inquired 
among the few settlers, no trace of the boy's 
home was ever found. The old hunter buried 
the little fellow at the foot of the great tree, 
and his origin still remains a mystery."