* \ a s S <_: ~P < & of i 1 1 1 .5JAE-UNIVERS/A I 3 I dT r k " 3> Hj 5 5 ^ ^"*-^^ <; ^OJIWD-JO^ ^.OF-CAIIFO/?^ i =3 3 ? "x, . v^71S %OJnV3-JO^ %OJI1V3-JO^ I.OF-CAU f \ IF-CAUFO^ MIBRARYQ^ ^E-UNIVERS/^. ,svlOS-ANGElr;> ' % ^^ ~^ * * ^N-.^ THE HISTORY OF A LIE "The Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion" "Sin has many tools, but a lie is the handle which fits them all" OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES. A STUDY BY HERMAN BERNSTEIN AUTHOR OF "Wrrn MASTER MINDS," ETC. NEW YORK J. S. OGILVIE PUBLISHING COMPANY 57 ROSE STREET COPYRIGHT, 1921, BY J. S. OGILVIE PUBLISHING COMPANY Oldl>IV Annex 3T 05? FOREWORD This is the history of a Lie of a cruel and terrible Lie invented for the purpose of defaming the entire Jew- ish people. Given out as fiction, by a German anti- Semitic writer, involved in the Waldcck forgery case, who concealed his identity under the pen-name of an English-' man, it was gradually changed and elaborated, and finally groomed as fact. Agents of the Russian secret police department and of the unscrupulous "Black Hundreds" then utilized this fiction as the framework for the "pro- tocols" through which they sought to crush the Jews and prop up the tottering Russian dynasty. Tsarism destroyed itself, but the agents of Tsarism, still dreaming of their past glory and of a restoration of their privileges, are at work again, both here and abroad. Out of the scraphcap of Russian autocracy, they have exhumed their old weapons and are striking at the Jews again. Upon the structure of the old myths they are striving to erect new falsehoods in order to intensify everywhere chaos and confusion and dissatisfaction so that they may attain their own dastardly and selfish ends. In the war's aftermath the Jews are being blamed by the minions of autocracy and reaction for all the ills that have befallen mankind. Some blame them for the war, and others for the peace. Some attack them for the defeat of the German military machine, and others^ for the victory of the allies. In Germany they are at- tacked by the Junkers for having opposed the submarine warfare and thus assured Germany's defeat; while in some of the allied countries the Jews are denounced for constituting "the brains of Germany," 411 the revolu- 3 2042110 4 THE HISTORY OF A LIE tionary leaders of Germany are credited to the Jews, and bolshevism, which has as little in common with Judaism as it has with Christianity, is branded as a Jewish move- ment; and there are Jew-baiters -who in their blind madness have gone so far as to declare that ex-Kaiser Wilhelm was not only influenced by the Jews but is him- self of Jewish descent, and for this reason did not defend Germany as loyally as he should have done. He conspired against the Hohenzollern dynasty and under- mined it. He destroyed his own throne because he was serving the secret Jewish world organisation. On such absurdities have people been fed, since the armistice, in civilized countries by antisemitic agitators and their dupes, while Jews have been slaughtered in the Ukraine, in Poland and in Hungary. I submit in this little book the documentary evidence showing how the so-called "Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion" on which this new crusade is predicated, were forged. HERMAN BERNSTEIN. New York, February, CONTENTS PAGE . 3 CHAPTER ONE THE MYSTERIOUS PROTOCOLS The Lie of a Jewish World Conspiracy Is There a Jewish Conspiracy? Anonymous Accusations The Mysterious "Protocols" of Sergei Nilus How did "Nilus" Secure Them? Contradictory Explanations Who is "Nilus"? How his Sponsors Disagree What Russian Publicists Say ........ ......... 7 CHAPTER TWO THE STORY FROM WHICH THE PROTOCOLS WERE FABRICATED Essence of "Protocols" Was German Fiction of "Sir John Retcliffe" Who Was "Retcliffe"? His Infamous Rec- ordHis Bloodcurdling Story The Meeting in the Cemetery An Avowed Myth Meeting Every Hundred Years Attended by "Representatives of the Twelve Tribes of Israel" The "Son of the Accursed" Also At- tends and Provides Comic Interludes ..... .16 CHAPTER THREE FICTION FORGED INTO 'TACT" The Lie in its Second Stage The Tale Becomes "Fact" The "Rabbi's" Speech Its Authenticity Vouched for by "Retcliffe" An Illuminating Footnote A Dedication to The Russian "Black Hundreds" The Imaginary "Speech" Bears Witness to Authenticity of "Protocols," Themselves Based on "Speech" Three Stages of the Li ........... ....... 43 i ii CONTENTS PAGE CHAPTER FOUR THE RUSSIAN SPONSORS OF THE FORGERY Nilus on the Protocols Only "the God-Anointed Tsar of Russia" Can Save the World Passages from Nilus Omitted by Translators On Tolstoy On the Emanci- pation of Women On the "Sanhedrin" and "its Faithful Ally, England" 55 CHAPTER FIVE FORGERS DISAGREE The Butmi Protocols "Representatives of Zion" Not to be Confounded with "Zionists" Butmi Contradicts Nilus- Plan for World Conquest Conceived 929 B. C. E. The "Symbolic Snake" Universal Suffrage a Jewish Device Every Jew Familiar with Plot . ... . . . . . : 59 CHAPTER SIX THE BLACK HUNDREDS, THEIR DUPES AND CRIMES Russia in 1905 The Unsuccessful Revolution The Reaction and the Reactionaries Lutostansky and His Work The "Symbolic Snake" According to Lutostansky Who Plagiarized? Lutostansky on the English People Are the English the "Lost Tribes"? How the Protocols Wcr "Doctored" by Butmi Conclusion . . x . A 63 CHAPTER ONE THE MYSTERIOUS PROTOCOLS The Lie of a Jewish World Conspiracy Is There a Jewish Con- spiracy? Anonymous Accusations The Mysterious "Proto- cols" of Sergei Nilus How did "Nilus" Secure Them? Contradictory Explanations Who is "Nilus"? How his Sponsors Disagree What Russian Publicists Say. Is there a Jewish conspiracy against the world or is there a conspiracy against the Jews? What are the so- called "Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion?" Who is "the Russian mystic," Sergius Nilus, the sponsor of the Protocols? What forces are behind the anti-Jewish propaganda that is international in scope and that seeks at this time to spread all over the world the poison of prejudice and hatred against the Jews, reviving long- exploded mediaeval legends? Many Americans have asked these questions ever since the publication of "The Cause of the World Unrest," "The Protocols and World Revolution," "The Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion," and the anti- Jewish articles in Henry Ford's Dearborn Independent. In 1919 a translation of extracts from what purports to be a book by one Sergius Nilus was published in Ger- many. During 1920 a translation was published in Eng- land under the name of "The Jewish Peril," and under various titles, in different versions, it was reproduced in the United States, France, Sweden, Denmark, Finland and even Japan. The Japanese edition is in the Russian language. In all these books "the Russian mystic," Sergius Nilus, is given as the sponsor of a number of secret "documents" by which it is intended to show that 7 IB [THE HISTORY OF A LIE the Jews are responsible for all the ills that have already befallen the world and that are still to come. The method is simple. Was there a revolution in Rus- sia? Blame the Jews. Was there a revolution in Ger- many? Blame the Jews. Who made the French Revo- lution? The Jews. Who caused the World War? The Jews. Who profited by the war? The Jews. Is there anywhere an industrial crisis? The Jews are, of course, the cause of it. Has the World War brought forth Bol- shevism ? The Jews are naturally the fathers of it. First the Jews engineered the war, and then they pulled the strings behind the scenes of the Peace Conference. They secured special privileges at the Peace Table, because, according to the Protocols, they control the gold of the world, the press of the world, the rulers of the world. And if, as a result of the World War, millions of Jews have suffered untold agonies, persecution, starvation, and pogroms, it is no doubt only part of their deep-laid plot to gain control of the world for Zion through poverty and suffering! Are governments just to the Jews, giving them equal rights ? Then it is obvious that Jews are either at the head of such governments or are hidden behind the present rulers. If the Jews cannot exert sufficient in- fluence over the rulers themselves, there are Jewesses in high places, through whom the cause of Zion is served and all this is done by the Jews with but one aim in view to dominate the world, to become its autocratic masters, to break down the moral power of Christendom and set up Israel as "the despot" over the peoples of the earth. According to the Protocols, all this is engineered with the aid and through the instrumentality of the Free- masons. The propagandists everywhere, in Germany, England, THE HISTORY OF A LIE 9 France, the Scandinavian countries, Japan and the United States, basing all their arguments on the "Protocols" vouched for by "the Russian mystic" Sergius Nilus, see in the present chaotic conditions the absolute fulfillment of the prophecies outlined by the so-called "Wise Men of Zion" years ago. The propagandists are violent and vicious, foaming at their mouths, appealing to the basest passions, insinuating, accusing, pointing their fingers at "the source of all evil" at the Jews who constitute but a fraction of one per cent of the world's population, and who are in Europe to-day, after the close of the World War, more wretched and miserable than ever before, persecuted, hounded and starved. What are these mysterious Protocols? How did they come to "the Russian mystic" who revealed them in 1905, and which have now been exhumed from obscurity for the purpose of enlightening the world, and which point to the Jews as the cause of all unrest, chaos and con- fusion? Nilus, "the Russian mystic," is credited with several versions of how he had secured the Protocols, and his stories flatly contradict one another. In 1905 he said that the Protocols were given to him by a prominent Rus- sian conservative whose name he did not mention, and who in turn had received them from an unnamed woman who had stolen them from "one of the most influential leaders of Freemasonry at the close of a secret meeting of the initiated in France." Then, several years later, Nilus wrote that his friend himself had stolen the Protocols from "the headquarters of the Society of Zion in France." Several years afterwards, in a new edition of his book, Nilus said that the "Protocols" came from Switzerland and not from France. This time he named his Russian conservative friend, Sukhotin, who had died to THE HISTORY OF A LIE in the meantime. He added that the Protocols were not Jewish- Masonic but Zionist documents secretly read at the Zionist Congress in Basle in 1897. Then followed a new edition of the Nilus book bearing the date of 1917. A translation of this edition has re- cently appeared in this country, containing a brand-new explanation as to how the Protocols were rescued and given to the world. This explanation is taken from the German version published in Charlottenburg. The intro- duction to that edition says that the Protocols, having been read from day to day at the Basle Congress, were sent as read to Frankfort on the Main. The disclosure of them came through the infidelity of the messenger. The 1917 edition is published with a prologue and an epilogue, like a drama, which indeed it is, with all the ingredients of melodrama a villain, a mysterious woman, a Grand Duke, a conspiracy to destroy the world, and a saint Nilus, who convicts himself in his own writings of falsification in the giving of these various accounts of how the Protocols came into his possession. Nothing is known of Sergius Nilus. Russian standard reference books and encyclopedias contain no mention of his name. The anonymous American editor of the Nilus book gives the following information about Nilus: "Serge Nilus, in the 1905 edition of whose book was first published the Zionist Protocols, was, as he states, born in the year 1862, of Russian parents holding liberal opinions. His family was fairly well known in Moscow, for its members were educated people who were firm in their allegiance to the Tsar and the Greek Church. On one side he is said to have been connected by marriage with the nobility of the Baltic provinces. Nilus Himself was graduated from the University of Moscow and early THE HISTORY OF A LIE n entered the civil service, obtaining a small appointment in the law courts. Later, he received a post under the Procurator of a provincial court in the Caucasus. Finally, tiring of the law, he went to the Government of Orel, where he was a landowner and a noble. His spiritual life had been tumultuous and full of trouble, and finally he entered the Troitsky-Sergevsky Monastery near Moscow. 'In answer to his appeal for pardon, Saint Sergei, stern and angry, appeared to him twice in a vision. He left the Monastery a converted man.' "From 1905 until the present, little is known of his activities. Articles are said to have appeared from time to time in the Russian press from his pen. A returning traveller from Siberia in August, 1919, was positive in his statement that Nilus was in Irkutsk in June of that year. Whether his final fate was that of Admiral Kolchak is not known." The American editor of Sergius Nilus's book containing the "Protocols" is hiding behind anonymity. The name of the traveller from Siberia who was so positive in his statement that Nilus was in Irkutsk is also concealed. And Serge Nilus to whom Saint Sergei "appeared twice in a vision" "is said to have written articles in the Rus- sian press" of which nobody has knowledge. In Germany, Nilus is described as follows : "Sergius Nilus was an employee of the Russian secret police department, of the okhrana, connected with the Church, especially relating to 'foreign religions.' He lived for some time at the Optina Pustina monastery. In 1901 he published a book entitled The Great in the Small and the Anti-Christ.' According to the Lutsch Sveta, Nilus claims to have received in 1901 a copy of the text of the Protocols from the secret archives of the Main Zionist organization in France, but he published the 'protocols' 12 THE HISTORY OF A LIE only in 1905. A second edition appeared in 1911, and finally another edition was brought out in the beginning of 1917, but all copies are said to have been destroyed." "The Cause of the World Unrest," an anonymous book published in England and reprinted in this country, speaks of Nilus and the "Protocols" as follows: "In the year 1903 a Russian, Serge Nilus, published a book entitled The Great in Little. The second edition, which was published at Tsarskoye Selo in 1905, had an additional chapter, the twelfth, under the heading 'Anti- Christ as a Near Political Possibility/ This chapter con- sisted of some twenty pages of introduction followed by the text of twenty-four 'Protocols of Meetings of the Learned Elders of Zion,' and the book ends with some twenty pages of commentaries on these protocols by Nilus. "Directly after the protocols, comes a statement by Nilus that they are 'signed by representatives of Zion of the thirty-third degree.' These protocols were secretly extracted or were stolen from a whole volume of proto- cols. All this was got by my correspondent out of the secret depositories of the Head Chancellery of Zion. This Chancellery is at present on French territory." In the edition of 1917 Sergius Nilus wrote : "My book has already reached the fourth edition, but it is only definitely known to me now and in a manner worthy of belief, and that through Jewish sources, that these protocols are nothing other than the strategic plans for the conquest of the world under the heel of Israel, and worked out by the leaders of the Jewish people and read by the 'Prince of Exile,' Theodor Herzl, during the first Zionist Congress, summoned by him in August, 1897, in Basle." It will be shown later that the so-called Butmi edition of the "protocols" published in 1907 contains the definite statement of the man who claims to have translated them THE HISTORY OF A LIE 13 into Russian from the French in 1901 that the Elders of Zioi mentioned in the Protocols are not to be confounded with the Zionist movement. In the 1917 edition Sergius Nilus wrote: "In 1901 I came into possession of a manuscript, and this comparatively small book was destined to cause a deep change in my entire viewpoint as can only be caused in the heart of man by Divine Power. It was comparable with the miracle of making the blind see. 'May Divine acts show on him.' "This manuscript was called 'the protocols of the Zionist Men of Wisdom,' and it was given to me by the now deceased leader of the Tchernigov nobility, who later became vice-governor of Stavropol, Alexis Nikolayevitch Sukhotin. I had already begun to work with my pen for the glory of the Lord, and I was friendly with Sukhotin. He was a man of my opinion, that is, extremely conservative, as they are now termed. "Sukhotin told me that he in turn had obtained the manu- script from a lady who always lived abroad. This lady was a noblewoman from Tchernigov. He mentioned her by name, but I have forgotten it. He said that she obtained it in some mys- terious way, by theft, I believe. "Sukhotin also said that one copy of the manuscript was given by this lady to Sipiagin, the Minister of the Interior, upon her return from abroad, and that Sipiagin was subsequently killed. He said other things of the same mysterious character. But when I first became acquainted with the contents of the manuscript I was convinced that its terrible, cruel and straight- forward truth is witness of its true origin from the 'Zionist Men of Wisdom/ and that no other evidence of its origin would be needed." Feodor Roditchev, one of Russia's most famous lib- erals, a member of the nobility, a former member of the Duma, writing recently of the Nilus protocols and of Sukhotin whom Nilus described as a man of his own opinion, says : "For months I hear on all sides about the Nilus book and its success in England, and I am asked, Who is Nilus? There was a Nilus, an associate justice of the Moscow District Court. It 14 THE HISTORY OF A LIE is said that the manuscript was given to Nilus by Sukhotin, the notorious zemstvo official of Chernsk. "The Berlin edition contains no mention of Sukhotin, but in that edition Nilus said, 'Pray for the soul of the boyar Alexis.' "The name of the notorious Alexey Nikolayevtich Sukhotin means nothing to the present generation. But there was a time when his name attracted attention. "Sukhotin arrested the peasants of a whole village for re- fusing to cart manure from his stables because the animals there were infected with glanders. Judge Tsurikov released the peasants. Tsurikov was removed for this, while Sukhotin justi- fied his act by writing to the Minister of the Interior, Durnovo, that he had arrested the peasants not because they refused to cart his manure but because they dared disobey him as a zemstvo official. The reactionary Chersnk nobility made Sukhotin mar- shal of nobility. So it was this man who furnished the protocols of the secret meetings of the representatives of Zion 1 But how did Sukhotin get the protocols? An unknown friend had brought them to him. They were given to him by an unknown lady who had received them from an unknown but energetic participant in the Basle Congress. Is this credible? Well, then, there is another version of the origin of the protocols but that is for the German readers. The Russian government sent a spy to the Basle Congress. He did not go to the Con- gress himself, but bribed one of the participants. He was carrying the protocols from Basle to Frankfurt to the local masonic organization. He stopped on the way in a little town, and gave the protocols to the spy. He engaged copyists who worked all night and 9opied the protocols. "In the first Russian version the protocols were supposed to have been brought to Russia in French. According to the Ger- man version, the protocols were copied, consequently they were in German, but the most important thing is that the protocols are not protocols at all, but a monograph which could be called 'the dream of a member of the Black Hundreds.'" A distinguished Russian publicist says of the sponsor of the "protocols" as follows : "In Russia the problems of Christianity and Judaism have been studied by such men as Vladimir Solovyov, Professor Troitzky, Professor Kokovtsev, Kartashov, Bulgakov, Berdyayev THE HISTORY OF A LIE 15 men of profound intellect and a living conscience. In them the counterfeit ravings of the ignorant monk (Nilus) evoked but a smile of contempt. The low level of the circles in which men like Nilus moved and worked is only too well known. It was the world of police denunciations, divorce perjuries, mo- nastic servility and feigned, blasphemous piety. In order to attract attention, Nilus's 'Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion' had to emigrate from Russia. And the further away they went, the better they fared." CHAPTER TWO THE STORY FROM WHICH THE PROTOCOLS WERE FABRICATED Essence of "Protocols" Was German Fiction of "Sir John Ret- cliffe" Who Was "Retcliff e" ? His Infamous Record His Bloodcurdling Story The Meeting in the Cemetery An Avowed Myth Meeting Every Hundred Years Attended by "Representatives of the Twelve Tribes of Israel" The "Son of the Accursed" Also Attends and Provides Comic Inter- ludes. The query now naturally arises, what is the origin of these much heralded "Protocols" which were published in Russia by Sergius Nilus in 1905, and a copy of which, it is triumphantly announced, is now in the British Museum ? The anti-Jewish propagandists everywhere content themselves with the "history" of the origin of the "Pro- tocols" as given by the "Russian mystic" Sergius Nilus. But fortunately "murder will out," and the criminals who perpetrated the stupendous forgery for the purpose of slandering the Jews have left behind clues that enable one to visualize the very process that they pursued in the perpetration of their crime. In 1866-1870 there appeared in Berlin a series of novels entitled "Biarritz Rome" purporting to have been writ- ten by "Sir John Retcliffe," the pseudonym of Herman Goedsche, a German novelist with an unsavory past. To conceal his identity and to convey the impression that the antisemitism with which his writings abounded emanated from English sources, he selected "Sir John Retcliffe" as his pen-name. According to Meyer's Konversations Lexikon (Sixth 16 THE HISTORY OF A LIE 17 edition, 1904, Volume VIII, page 77), Herman Goedsche was born in February, 1815, in Trachenberg, Silesia, and died on November 8, 1878, at Warmbrunn. He was em- ployed in the postal service, but as he was implicated in the Waldeck forgery case, he left the service in 1849, an d devoted himself to literary work. Under the name of "Armin" he published a number of works of fiction, but he was best known under the name of "Sir John Ret- cliffe," having published a series of sensational novels describing the Crimean war, "Sebastopol," "Rena-Sahib," "Villafranca," "Puebla," "Biarritz," in 1866. A new edi- tion of these works appeared in Berlin in 1903-4. Brockhaus' Konversations Lexikon (supplement vol- ume XVII, 1904) refers to Goedsche, the novelist, known under the name of "Sir John Retcliffe" (formerly "Armin"), as having played an infamous role in the Waldeck forgery case. He was compelled to leave the postal service, and later became a member of the staff of the Preussische Kreutz Zeitung. The chapter of the Goedsche-Retcliffe novel which on even a cursory reading will be found to contain the very essence of the Nilus Protocols was published as a sepa- rate booklet in a Russian translation in 1872, avowedly as a work of fiction. I have found a copy of this little volume in the Russian Department of the Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. An examination of this chapter, entitled "The Jewish Cemetery in Prague and the Council of Representatives of the Twelve Tribes of Israel," will disclose the fact that every substantive statement contained in the Protocols and elaborated in them is to be found in the Goedsche- Retcliffe novelette. We are thus supplied with an early draft of the so- called Protocols, which have now been given worldwide 18 THE HISTORY OF A LIE publicity by anti-Jewish propagandists, and which were first introduced to the world in the form of a clumsy piece of blood-curdling fiction of the dime-novel variety. In substantiation of this statement I now present a translation of this chapter of the Russian version of this novel found in the Library of Congress in Washington, published in St. Petersburg nearly fifty years ago. THE HISTORY OF A LIE COBm I1PEACTABHTEJIEN KOJI-BHTb THUG! 1 ?A*IS TOBAPE1HECTBA OBmECTBEHHAH nOJTE>3A, DO uofiss, y EpyriAio PUSKA,- }& & 1872; FACSIMILE OF TITLE PAGE OF THE FANTASTIC STORY PUBLISHED IN RUSSIA IN 1872, CONTAINING THE FIRST DRAFT OF THE PROTOCOLS IN THE FORM OF FICTION. 20 THE HISTORY OF A LIE Translation of Title Page THE JEWISH CEMETERY IN PRAGUE And THE COUNCIL OF REPRESENTATIVES Of The Twelve Tribes of Israel ST. PETERSBURG Printed by the Association "Obschestvenaya Polza 1 On the Moika, at the Round Market, No. 5 1872 THE HISTORY OF A LIE 21 nPEJJHCJIOBIR Oiracame espeffcKaro Kja^ama B-B nparfc H Jieren- o coSpama npe^CTaBHTejeS XB-BHafl- rfm saHMCTBosaHEi HS'B HCTOPHEO-: ponana Cepa ^aona Pe^Kia**a <flfl Ce- B sypnaii, H3AaBaeMOM% HHKO- CrenaHOBHieirb JltBOBHMt. Co^epsame jereH,nBi ne ecTb BHMHceit oxnoro Pe^t Pe^KJiH**^ C-B CBOH cTBeHHOMt eny *aH- Boo^pasesieirB, co^pa^t ^acTH B^ Offio H OKpacnxB BCC noaTBraecKHMH KpacKaMH, nopa- CHTB, ^pesM'fepHOK) apKociiK), HO He nenie npe^CTaBjaiommiH imxepec'b. C.-HeT6p<5yprt, 17-ro Ma 18f72 FACSIMILE OK THE FOREWORD TO THE STORY PUBLISHED IN 1872, SHOWING THAT THE AUTHOR REGARDED IT AS A "LEGENDARY STORY," COLORED BY THE AUTHOR'S "FANTASTIC IMAGINATION." THE HISTORY OF A LIE (Translation) FOREWORD "The description of the Jewish cemetery in Prague and the legendary story of the meeting of the representatives of the twelve tribes of Israel are borrowed from the historico-political novel by Sir John Radcliff, 'To Sedan/ published in the magazine edited by Nicholas Stepanovitch Lvoff. "The contents of the legend are not the invention of Radcliff himself; rather Radcliff, with his characteristic fantastic imagination, collected various parts into one whole and painted all with poetic colors, which strike one perhaps by their excessive gaudiness, but which are never- theless interesting." Passed by the Censor, St. Petersburg, May 17, 1872 This product of "Radcliff's fantastic imagination," the work of one experienced in the perpetration of forgeries, will now be permitted to tell its own story. It requires no commentary. It clearly foreshadows the protocols, with all its accompaniment of melodrama, not even omit- ting the Devil, himself. THE JEWISH CEMETERY IN PRAGUE and The Council of Representatives of the Twelve Tribes of Israel "The Jewish quarter of Prague represents a remarkable labyrinth of crooked and narrow streets; it is situated in the outskirts of Prague which witnessed numerous bloody episodes of Bohemian and German history. The dwellers of the dirty and dilapidated houses of this quarter are engaged in petty THE HISTORY OF A LIE 23 trading and profiteering in their own as well as in other parts of the city. Prague is the only city in Germany where the Jews live entirely isolated from the nation whose name they have taken in order to avail themselves of the privileges of the city population and to exploit it for their own purposes. The Jewish quarter in Prague is the same as the rag- fair in Vienna and the Temple in Paris. In these places deals amounting to thousands are transacted daily. "If you take a few steps along this dirty, foul market-place, you will suddenly come upon an old, high, decayed wall which surrounds a space of from two to three acres. Elder-trees and other wild shrubbery wind around this wall. Old Jewish houses are crowded all along near this wall, threatened with destruc- tion at any moment. The strange circle formed by this wall has an unwelcome, puzzling appearance. "This is the city of the dead the renowned Prague cemetery. "In this abode of rest may be seen the spirit of the nation, whose bones found shelter here after long wandering, here is stamped all its history, full of sufferings, struggles and re- sistance. "It seems as though at any moment these tombs, overgrown with shrubbery, are ready to open, these stones growing for thousands of years are ready to raise themselves, and to let out into the world the restless wanderer with a pack upon his shoulder, with a staff in his hand, in order to go again to strange peoples, to cheat and combat them and to seek a new Canaan his dominion! The Jewish cemetery in Prague is the very oldest cemetery known. It was closed by order of the government a hundred years ago. For foreigners it is a historical landmark; for the Jews it is a sacred place. The impression of this deserted spot is intensified by its surround- ings. Amidst the closely crowded tombs and monuments, over- grown with moss, only a narrow passage remains which is almost entirely covered with shrubbery of thorn-bushes and mat-weed. "During the inspection, the watchman will tell the visitor the history of the death of Rabbi Ben Manasseh, the great conqueror of death, and Rabbi Loewe, the most learned Rabbi of the i7th century; he will speak of Simon the Just and of the Polish princess Anna Shmiless. He will then lead the visitor to the monument of Anna Kohn on which can be read the mysterious figure 606, which shows that the Jews, more than twelve hundred 24 THE HISTORY OF A LIE years ago, had buried their dead here, in the legendary times of Lyubush and her daughters. "If we are not to believe this figure, we must nevertheless agree with the opinion of the Jews that this is the oldest settle- ment and the first Jewish community in Europe. "Silently the Jewish guide and the curious foreigner go by one place where under an old lilac bush a heap of stone stands out, and when the foreigner asks, What is this?' the guide gives an evasive answer '"Beth Chaim the house of life/ Thus is the cemetery called. Yes, indeed, this place of rest is a house of life, for from here is given the mysterious impulse which makes the exiles masters of the earth and tyrants of nations, the impulse which directs the golden calf to the chosen tribe. "The Jewish town has assumed a holiday aspect The stands of the petty retailers have disappeared; Jewish boys and girls were strolling about in their holiday attire. The houses and windows were adorned with green branches. On the old benches sat men, talking seriously; in the alleys youths were chatting. From time to time men and women in their best Sabbath clothes were going to the synagogue, carrying prayer books in their hands ; while poor Christian women whom need had forced to work in this quarter were running with keys and dishes in order to prepare for the feast. "It was the last day of the Feast of Booths, the day of Assembly, and dusk was gathering over the narrow streets, while the Christian part of the city was still brightly illumined by the last rays of the setting sun. t Two men (the older wore a black silk mantle, with long earlocks, which showed that he was a Polish Jew ; the other was middle aged, in modern clothes, with diamond studs in his shirt and a heavy golden chain on his vest) walked along the narrow streets, without paying any attention to the crowd. "The younger seemed to be the guide. Having come with his companion to the little house where the watchman of the ceme- tery lived, he knocked at the closed door, through a crevice of which the bright light of wax candles was seen, showing the watchman's holiday mood. It was a good summer a large number of foreigners had visited the cemetery and were gen- erous in their gifts. "In the doorway appeared the thin face of the watchman, THE HISTORY OF A LIE 25 whose short-sighted eyes began to look fixedly into the darkness. " 'Come out into the street, Joel, somebody wants to talk to you!' " 'O, God of Justice,' said the watchman with amazement, as he came out of the door, 'One of the trustees! What is your pleasure to command me?' "'This Rabbi desires to make a brief prayer in the cemetery; he is leaving to-morrow morning by train.' "'In the cemetery? This evening? But you know yourself, Mr. Banker, that I am forbidden to open the gates after sunset, and to-night is also the holy Sabbath.' " 'First of all, there is no need for you to shout here about my calling,' replied the banker, displeased. 'Every Jewish rag-picker will know that banker Rosenberg was here to see you. As for the permit to open the gates, I myself, as a trustee, authorize you to do it I will wait here until he has completed his prayer. The company in your house must not know what we are doing here. Arrange it 59 that the curious crowd will not rush in there.' "The watchman disappeared in the house, but soon returned with a bunch of keys and opened the gates of the cemetery. He took a lantern along and was about to light it "'Don't!' said the Rabbi in a low voice. 'I don't need any light. Lock the gates from the inside!' "'But, Mr. von Rosenberg ' "'Lock it, I say!' "The watchman obeyed. " 'Now lead me to the grave of the holy Rabbi Simeon-ben- Yehudah!' " 'Hold on to my coat, esteemed sir,' said the watchman. It is dark and you may stumble over the old graves.' "'I can see better at night than in the daytime, my son!' answerd the learned Polish Jew. " *Here is the grave !' "The old Rabbi reverently leaned over the tombstone. The watchman heard him pronounce a prayer in Jewish. He used so many words of ancient Hebrew, or some other words of a language he did not understand, that he knew only a few sepa- rate expressions, although he himself had been in the past a teacher at the Bohemian community. "Having completed his prayer, the stranger turned to the watchman of the cemetery: 26 THE HISTORY OF A LIE " 'When you accepted the position from your predecessor, did he not give you certain instructions?' "'Me?' " 'Yes, you ! It was so from the day the first person was buried in this place.' '"Well, and what if he did give such Instructions, how does that concern you? This is the first time I am asked about this matter since I am employed here.' "'Because this happens once in a hundred years, and human life rarely lasts as long as that' "'I see that you know about it, Rabbi,' said the frightened watchman. 'But I can obey you only if you mention the word which was given to me by my predecessor, because I took a sacred oath on the Bible.' "The Polish Jew bent down and slowly pronounced a word of seven syllables. "The watchman bowed respectfully. " *You are the Rabbi !' he said. 'All will be done as you com- mand I' '"You will send away the friends who are feasting in your house before the clock strikes eleven. At the first stroke you will open the gates of the cemetery, and at the last stroke you will get into your house, lock the doors and windows, lie down in your bed and turn into a corpse together with the members of your household, into a corpse that sees and hears nothing.' "1 will neither look nor listen.' "The angel of death will leave your soul in your body and will force you to wander about among the graves to the end of time if you do not carry out my orders correctly. Now go, and remember that by virtue of your position you are the servant of the great Jerusalem synagogue. I need not tell you that you should not say anything to that vain, worldly man who brought me here.' "Both returned to the gates, near which the banker was still on guard. '"Well,' he said, 'your desire is fulfilled, Rabbi, and you may inform my friend in Warsaw that Rosenberg and Son are always ready to do a favor to a guest recommended by such a personage. Now let us go home; my wife is waiting for us.' " *Let us go, my son,' replied the Rabbi. 'But relieve me of worldly pleasures, I shall spend the night in prayer 1' THE HISTORY OF A LIE 27 "The banker shrugged his shoulders and gave the watchman a gold coin. " 'Joel,' he said in a low voice, 'the other trustees of the com- munity must not know about this violation of the rule.' "The watchman nodded, and the companion again disappeared in the dark streets, which had already become deserted, while in the houses people talked merrily and the sounds of holiday festivities were heard. "How poor, dirty and dark these little houses looked from outside I But it was quite different within ! In the rear rooms of many of these houses the bright light of numerous wax candles was reflected in the splendid high mirrors, in expensive dishes and precious rugs. Girls and women, who in the morning per- haps walked with trays in their hands, now were seated at the tables in heavy silk gowns with golden chains and bracelets; their jewels and diamonds were glittering. "The clock in the town-hall tower struck ten. In the chapel, near the statue of St. Nepomucenus, upon a stone bench, sat a large-sized man, with the pale serious face of Germanic type. Every physiognomist, looking at him, would have said that this man had devoted his youth to serious scientific work and that he had spent many sleepless nights over books. "The clock had just struck ten when upon the bridge appeared a man in a light summer coat, of about the same age as the young scientist. His face was pale, of waxen color, without the slightest natural red in his cheeks; his particularly prominent nose indicated his Jewish extraction; his forehead was high and large, his head was strongly developed. He walked straight over to the man who was waiting and who quickly arose. '"Good evening. I see you have received my letter. Have you it with you?' " "Yes, I know it by heart, I have read it so many times. "My friend," it is written there, "I have promised to give you the key to the Caballah, if I ever find the opportunity to do so. Although I am not always in the habit of fulfilling my vows, I am ready to fulfil this one, if you will wait for me in the evening of October 8, in Prague, on the old Moldau bridge, under the statue of Nepomucenus," Then follows your name.' 28 THE HISTORY OF A LIE " 'Yes, that is correct. Have you not yet given up your de- sire?' "'Less than ever beforel You would render science an in- valuable service.' " 'Listen, doctor, bend down a little over the rail ; that of which we speak must not be heard even by the waves of the Moldau, if we wish to remain alive.' "The young scientist looked in astonishment at his comrade, but did as he desired. "'Three years ago, in Rome, when I promised to acquaint you with the mysteries of the Caballah, I did it more for the sake of boasting of a power and authority which, in reality, I did not possess. Although I had studied for some time the traditions of my nation, rather out of curiosity than because of the love of knowledge, I knew very well that I could hardly penetrate the corridor of those mysteries which I am still re- garding as the sophistry and roguishness of exalted minds, in- vented for the purpose of holding fools in fear and subordina- tion. But several accidental discoveries, made by me since then, have changed my views and have aroused in me a sense of curiosity. '"You know, notwithstanding our brief acquaintance, that I am not the type of man who would abandon a clue or a con- ceived plan. What has caused me to make you my companion in satisfying my curiosity that does not concern you. It is enough that now we have an opportunity to satisfy our mutual desire, and all depends on whether you will agree to accept the conditions upon which I can make you a partner in my investigation.' "'If these are not against honor and conscience.* "'In this respect you have nothing to risk, you are rather risking something else your life. Do you feel that you are capable of facing a serious danger?' " 'For the sake of science, yes 1' "*Very well, in that case I must tell you that I will lead you to a place which we will not leave alive, if our presence is discovered. The slightest suspicion that we were uninvited witnesses of the secret will bring upon us persecution which will kill us sooner or later.' "'You are whetting my curiosity, signor!' "That is all I wanted to tell you. The other thing you THE HISTORY OF A LIE 29 know that I am a Jew by birth. Although the Jews have driven me from their midst and cursed me according to their custom and traditions because I adopted Christianity, still I have my own reasons for stipulating a condition your word of honor that you will be silent about all you will see and hear, until I authorize you to speak.' " 'I swear by my honor.' "'Very well. You will recall in your investigations of the Caballah that in the mysterious books mention is made of a meeting of the heads or chosen ones of the nation, a meeting which takes place from time to time?' "'Yes, in the Yezire it is said very definitely, and if I under- stood correctly, such meetings take place every hundred years.' "'Yes. The last meeting took place in 1760 and you recall that shortly afterward the movement of Judaism started. It is now 1787 years since the destruction of Jerusalem and this year is designated for a meeting of the Cabalistic Sanhedrin. This is the day of the meeting; the place is this city. I want to be present at this meeting in spite of the danger and am ready to take you along with me.' "'But will it not be dishonest to listen, will it not be an un- lawful interference with other people's secrets?' "'Per Bacco! as we Italians say; with such hesitations you must abandon once for all the idea of fulfilling your desire. Or do you think that the people who guard the secret of the Caballah will bring it to you on a tray? As far as I am con- cerned, I shall discover the secret, at any cost!' "After reflecting a few minutes, the scientist came to a de- cision. "'I shall go with you, come what may!' " 'Very well. Now we have agreed. Let us go, there is no time to lose.'" "The tower clock of the town-hall struck eleven. At the first stroke a key clicked in the lock of the cemetery gates. Then followed profound silence which indicated that the cemetery was open. The lights in the Jewish houses were gradually dying out, and at the same time the sounds of the merry feast- ing also subsided. "Mysterious silence reigned in that terrible place. 30 THE HISTORY OF A LIE "The gates creaked softly; the rustling of long coats was heard, touching the stones and shrubbery; finally a vague white figure appeared and slipped by like a shadow along the path- ways. "This figure knelt before one of the tombstones; three times it touched the stone with its forehead and softly whispered a prayer. "Along the path leading from the gates came an old man, bent, limping, sighing and coughing. He came over to the ancient tombstone, and lowered himself on his knees near the white figure that had entered before him, and he, too, whispered a prayer. "Then heavy footsteps were heard, and a tall, impressive figure appeared on the road, clad in a white mantle, and he, too, fell down on his knees, as though unwillingly, in front of the tombstone. "Thirteen times this was repeated. Thirteen old men came over to the tombstone. The doctor counted them, but he could not understand whether they were alive or dead. A shiver crept down his back, his heart began to beat faster from fright. He involuntarily recalled the terrible legend of the Day of Atonement in the tenth month, Tishri, in the synagogue of Posen when, during the prayer of Kol Nidrei, the congregation kept growing larger and larger; unknown people, pushing one another, wrapped in prayer shawls, came in, one hundred after another, until the terrified Rabbi lifted his hand as if to curse and exclaimed : *He who has flesh in his cheeks, let him throw off the prayer shawl!' Hundreds remained cov- ered, and when the prayer shawls were torn away from them, all saw the skulls of the dead who had come out of the graves to celebrate the Day of Atonement with the rest of the congre- gation. "As there, it seemed to him that the prayer shawls had fallen off the heads of the praying old men, and a row of dead skulls appeared. At that moment the clock struck twelve. A sharp metallic sound rang out on the grave, after which a blue flame appeared and illumined the thirteen kneeling figures. " 'I greet you, Roshe beth Aboth (heads) of the twelve tribes of Israel,' announced a dull voice. '"We greet you, son of the accursed.' "'A hundred years have already passed. Where have the Nesiyim (princds of the tribes) come from?' \ THE HISTORY OF A LIE 31 '"From the lands where the nation of Adonai has been scat- tered by the orders of our forefathers.' " 'Are you ready to fulfil the promise during the coming cen- tury?' '"We are ready!' '"Then say, whose representatives are you, and where do you come from? Tribe of Judah?' '"From Amsterdam,' replied a strong, loud voice. '"Tribe of Benjamin?' " 'Toledo !' came the dull answer. "'Tribe of Levi?' " Worms !' "Tribe of Manasseh?' " 'Budapest I' "Tribe of Gad?' " 'Cracow !' "Tribe of Simeon?' " 'Rome !' " Tribe of Zebulun?' " 'Paris P "Tribe of Dan?' " 'Constaninople 1' " Tribe of Asher?' " 'London !' " Tribe of Issachar?' "The answer came in a faint voice and could not be heard dis- tinctly. "Tribe of Naphtali?' "'Prague!' "'And I am the representative of the unfortunate and exiles,' said the man who asked the questions in a dull voice. 'I am my- self wandering about all over the world in order that I may unite you for the sake of the cause of redemption which has been promised to the seed of Abraham and which was taken from them by the sons of him who was crucified! Who is here of the house of Aaron, let him rise, scrutinize the heads of the tribes and gather the council.' "The man who was the first to arrive rose and then seated himself upon the tombstone. One by one the others came over to him and whispered in his ear a seven-syllabled word, and each time he nodded in approval. After that all returned to 32 THE HISTORY OF A LIE their former places. 'Brethren,' said the Levite, 'our fathers formed a union which compels all those chosen as representatives of the tribes to gather every hundred years at the grave of the great teacher of Caballah whose doctrines give the chosen ones power on earth and supremacy over all the descendants of Ishmael. Eighteen hundred years the struggle has been con- ducted by the nation of Israel for supremacy which was prom- ised to Abraham and which was taken away from us by the Cross. Trampled under foot by our enemies, under the terror of death and all kinds of humiliation and violence, the nation of Israel, nevertheless, has not abandoned this struggle, and as they are scattered all over the earth, the whole earth must be- long to them ! Our learned men are conducting this struggle for hundreds of years ; the nation is gradually rising from its fall ; its power is growing and spreading. To us belongs the earthly god, which was made for us with such sorrow by Aaron in the desert ... the Golden Calf which the backsliders are wor- shipping !' " We hear !' they whispered on all sides. " 'When all the gold on earth will be ours, the power will go over to us. Then will be fulfilled the promise made to Abraham. Gold is the ruler of the earth. Gold is power, reward, pleasure ... all that human beings fear and desire. This is the mys- tery of the Caballa ... the teachings concerning the spirit which rules the world, and about the future ! Eighteen centuries we have belonged to our enemies. The future belongs to us. For the fifth time in the course of the thousand-year-old struggle to which we have consecrated ourselves, those who know of the ex- istence of the secret union have gathered here to take counsel as to the means which are afforded us by the sins of our enemies, and each time, for five hundreds years, a new Sanhed- rim, ordered the fiercest struggle. But, excepting Russia, not a single century has been crowned with such success as this one. Therefore we may think that the time for which we are striving is near, and we may say, "The. Future is ours 1" ' "'Yes, if persecutions against the Jews will not take place in the meantime !' pointed out one of the men with a bitter smile. " 'The dark days of such a danger are passed. The success of so-called civilization among the Christian nations may serve as the best protection for our endeavors. Before listening to the THE HISTORY OF A LIE 33 individual opinions, let us examine the material means, the pure capital possessed by the nation of Israel. . . .' " 'But against the three and a half million Jews with their money there are 265 million enemies in Europe, or rather 500 million fists,' remarked one of these present. " 'The head will protect us against the fists, as in the past. Labor is the slave of speculation, and violence is the slave of wisdom. Who will deny that cunning is the distinctive trait of our nation? " Our nation is ostentatious and greedy, arrogant and pleasure- loving. " 'Where there is light there is also shadow. It is not in vain that Adonai our God gave his chosen people the tenacity of a snake, the cunning of a fox, the look of a falcon, the memory of a dog, the diligence of an ant, and the sociability of a beaver. We were in captivity on the rivers of Babylon, and have become powerful ! Our temple was destroyed, but we have built a thousand new temples ! For eighteen hundreds years we were slaves ; now we have grown head and shoulders above all other nations.' "All the twelve pronounced the concluding words " 'Brethren,' said the Levite, 'the time has come when, in ac- cordance with the laws of the founder of our union, we must determine ways and means by which the Jews shall attain their goal as soon as possible ; our experience of a hundred years will help us in this. We who know must direct and guide the masses which are blind. We, the builders, will combine the dead stones into a pillar which must reach the sky.' "'The Tower of Babel was destroyed by the hand of Him whose name I dare not pronounce,' said the sceptic. " 'Our structure rests upon the foundation of the promise made to Abraham. It is your turn to speak, representative of the tribe of Reuben! By what means will the Jewish nation achieve power and supremacy over all other nations on earth?' "A shrill, unpleasant voice then spoke: " 'All the princes and the lands of Europe are at present in debt. The stock exchange regulates these debts. But such things are done only by movable capital; therefore all the movable capital must go over to the hands of the Jews. The foundation for this is already laid, judging from what we have heard here. If we will be supreme in the stock exchange, we will attain the 34 THE HISTORY OF A LIE same supremacy in the governments. Therefore it is necessary to facilitate loans in order to get them into our hands all the more. Wherever possible, we must take in exchange for capital, mortgages on railroads, taxes, mines, regalia and domains. Fur- thermore, the stock exchange is a means for the transfer of the belongings of the small people to the hands of the capitalists, by drawing them into stock gambling. Transactions in securities are a splendid invention of our nation. Although the stock ex- change members cheat one another sometimes, it is the outsider who always pays in the end.' "The voice which resounded on the Paris Bourse became silent. "'Do the sekenim agree with the opinion of our brother?' asked the Levite. "A whisper of approbation was the answer to this question. " 'Representative of the tribe of Simeon, it is your turn now I' "A serious, dull voice resounded after this order. Each word was pronounced slowly and thoughtfully: " 'Ownership of land is always the iron-clad, everlasting pos- session of every country. This in itself gives power, respect and influence. Therefore, the Jews should secure the possibility of acquiring real estate. It will not be hard to accomplish this, if we acquire movable capital. Therefore it is necessary to facilitate loans on land. Under the fear of scandal we will destroy land wealth and minimize its importance. Ownership of land should be mobilized, if lands are sold as other com- modities. The more we help in the breaking up of estates, the more easily will they fall into our hands. Under the pretext of relieving the poor classes, it is necessary to levy all taxes of states and communities on the land owners. When the land is in our hands, the labor of the Christian workers and farmers will give us a tenfold income/ "He who did not belong to any tribe laughed sneeringly. "This advice is good, but not new. Ask in Paris and in Vienna, who owns the houses there?' "A whisper of approbation was heard again. "'Tribe of Judah, your turn!' "The voice that resounded was marked with conviction and reminded one of the sound of the Thaller. " 'Industry, the power of the burgher, which hinders the Jewish nation, must be paralyzed even as agriculture. The manufac- THE HISTORY OF A LIE 35 turer should be no better than an ordinary worker. The means to accomplish this may be the unlimited freedom of trade. The manufacturer will take the place of the artisan as he does not have to work, only to speculate. The children of Israel can adapt themselves to all branches of work. Their capital and dexterity will be the substitute for right. Transforming the artisans into our factory workers, we will be in a position to direct the masses for our political purposes. Whoever resists this system will be destroyed by competition. The senseless and ungrateful masses will not support the artisans in this struggle, if commodities are reduced in price to a certain extent. "A noisy approbation of the new Sanhedrin showed that the soundness of this advice had long been appreciated and even ap- plied in practice. " 'Now it is my turn,' said the representative of Levi 1 speak in the name of the tribe of Aaron. The natural enemy of the Jews is the Christian church. Therefore we must try to hu- miliate it, we must instill into it free-thinking, scepticsm, and conflicts. Therefore we will, first of all, start a war on the clergy, we will try to arouse suspicion against it and ridicule it. The main pillar of the church is the school. Therefore we must gain influence over the young. Under the guise of progress and the equal rights of all religions, we will destroy the study of religion in Christian schools. Then the Jews may become teachers in all schools ; then religion will be taught at home. And as there is little time left for that, the spirit of religion will gradually decline, and eventually it will be destroyed alto- gether. Agitation for the appropriation of property belonging to the churches and schools, the transfer of church property to the state, or (what is the same) into the hands of the Jews, will be our reward !' "Again approbation followed the words of the man who had spoken. Nobody contradicted him and he announced: " 'Representative of the tribe of Isaachar, it is your turn !' "Now an old, trembling voice spoke: "'Let our brethren strive for the abolition of armed force. The coarse military art is not for the sons of Israel. Not every- one can be a Gideon ! The army is for the defense of the throne and the school of narrow patriotism.. Not the sword, but reason and money must rule. Therefore at every opportune instance, it is necesaary to help the downfall of the military class, to arouse 36 THE HISTORY OF A LIE suspicion in the masses against it, and to incite animosity against one another. It is enough for the soldiers to do police duty and to protect the wealthy from those who have nothing.' " The Lion of Judah has spoken,' said the stranger angrily. 'David conquered Goliath. The nations will soon wear long coats instead of military armour. A slap on the bourse will be equivalent to a lost battle.' "It looked as though a storm was rising against this arrogant sarcasm, but one word from the eldest restored them all to calm. "'This is the son of Baall He may say whatever he pleases. But he will do whatever is decided by the council of the tribes.' "'The tribe of Zebulun may speak 1' "A dull voice, like a storm in the distance, said as follows! " 'Our nation is conservative to its very root, and clings fast to what is old. But our interest demands that we participate, or, rather, direct the movements of nations. It is indisputable that ours is a time of many reforms, whose main purpose is the amelioration of the material condition of the needy classes. But for this the propertied classes must sacrifice their capitals. Cap- ital is in the hands of the Jews. Therefore they must outwardly take part in the movement and try to divert it from social and political reforms. The masses themselves are blind and foolish, and permit the shouters to rule over them. Who shouts more loudly and more shrewdly than the Jews? Therefore our nation has been the first on the platform, in the press, and in all Chris- tian communities \ The more communities and meetings, the more dissatisfaction and idleness. From this it follows inevitably that the people grow poorer, that they become subjected to those who have money, leading to the enrichment of the latter. Be- sides, every movement makes us richer, for the smaller people are ruined and are contracting debts. The unstability of the foundation increases our power and our influence. Therefore the support of every kind of dissatisfaction, every revolution, increases our capital and brings us nearer to our goal.' "This terrible speech was followed by prolonged silence. Every member of this secret Sanhedrim seemed to be thinking of its terrible meaning. The son of Baal again laughed hoarsely. "'Are you afraid of blood? It isn't yours.' "Then one member of the gathering expressed his approval, and all others followed his example. THE HISTORY OF A LIE tf '"Son of the tribe of Dan, your turn!' "The answer bore the stamp of a Jew of the lower order : '"Every business in which there is speculation and profit must be in our hands. That is our natural right. First of all, we must get control of the traffic in liquor, butter, wool, and bread. Then we shall have in our hands agriculture, farming. We can prepare bread everywhere, and if dissatisfaction and want should arise, we can easily throw the blame on the government. Petty wares, which give a great deal of trouble and yield very little profit, we can leave in the hands of the Christians. Let them work hard and suffer as the chosen people suffered for several centuries.' "This speech scarcely needed approval. The Levite called on the next one. '"Tribe of Naphtali?' "The following words rang out shrilly and with assurance: "'All governmental positions should be open to us. Once this principle is established, the cunning and flattery of the Jewish employees will help them to penetrate even there, and they will have real influence. I am speaking only of the posts which bring honor, power, and pre-eminence. Positions which require work and knowledge may remain for the Chris- tians. Therefore the Jews may neglect positions of secondary importance. Justice is very important for us, the law is a great step forward. This occupation is suited to the cunning and skill of our people and gives us influence and power against our natural enemies. Why can't a Jew be Minister of Education as he has already been more than once Minister of Finance?' " 'Remember the scaffold of Haman, the fate of Shushan and Leopold!' said a warning voice. " "Why does the raven croak about the past which is so distant and almost forgotten? More than one of our people has been a Minister in France and respected by the King himself.' "Approval was expressed in a tone of satisfied pride; then the orator continued: '"Our people must be among the legislators of the govern- ments. The laws of the goyim against the children of Israel must be abolished. We will maintain the laws of our Fathers. We need no longer any laws that would protect us. No. We must concern ourselves about laws that will give us privileges. A mild law respecting bankruptcy, promulgated in the interests of 38 THE HISTORY OF A LIE humanity, would be a golden mountain in our hands. First of all we must see to it that the law regarding usury is abolished in all countries under the pretext that money would thereby be- come cheaper. Money is just such a commodity as others, and the law should give us the right to regulate its price according to our desire.' "'Now is the turn for the tribe of Benjamin.' '"What can I add to the counsel of such wise men? The Jew should also make use of honors, and should be at the head of all organizations that may give him honor without risks, and he should engage in science and the arts which are more adapted te the character of our people and which we can master more easily. We can become good actors and philosophers, because there is room for speculation in these domains. In the arts our people will look after the reception and will burn incense to ourselves. In science we will take up medicine and philosophy. These afford opportunities for theories and speculation. A physician penetrates the secrets of families and holds their lives in his hands.' "Tribe of Asher, your turn!' " We must demand free marriage between Jews and Chris- tians. Israel will only be the gainer, even though there be an admixture of impure blood to a certain degree. Our sons and daughters will marry into renowned and powerful Christian families. We give money and thus have influence. The Chris- tian relationship cannot have a bad influence on us, while we can exert a strong influence over them. That is one thing. An- other thing is that we respect the Jewish woman and we enjoy the forbidden pleasure with the women of our enemies. We have money, and for money we can get everything. A Jew must never make a daughter of his own race his mistress. If he should desire to sin against the Seventh Commandment he should content himself with Christian girls.' "'What is the use of employing the beautiful girls of the goyim in our stores if not for this?' angrily interposed the rep- resentative of the evil spirit. 'Whoever will not want to satisfy our desire will get no work, consequently no bread. Go to the large cities and you will see that they are not waiting for your wise men's orders. Substitute a contract for sacrament in the marriage of Christians and their wives and daughters will come to you still more readily.' THE HISTORY OF A LIE 39 "The terrible cynicism of these words, touching such a deli- cate subject, must have produced a profound impression, espe- cially since the views of the ancient doctrines were so strict on the topic of moral purity. "'What does the law say?' asked one of the twelve. "'For adultery with a woman of our own people death ; for seducing a girl a fine, if she was not betrothed; if she was betrothed death. But the law is not so rigorous with regard to one who lives with a slave her body belongs to her master.' "'Are the goyim better than our slaves?' "This explanation was followed by a whisper of approval. " The tribe of Manasseh may speak now !' "The last of the orators lifted his hand and during his speech he raised and lowered it, as if desiring thus to make a stronger impression by his words. His voice was hoarse and unpleasant, but he spoke skilfully and with assurance. "'If gold is the first power in the world, the press is the| second. Of what value are all the opinions and advice given here without the aid of the press ? We will attain our aim only when ' the press is in our hands. Our people must direct the daily publications. We are cunning, shrewd, and we possess money which we know how to utilize for our purposes. We need great political newspapers which mold public opinion criticism, the literature of the streets and the stage. In this way we will crowd out the Christians step by step, and will dictate to the world what it should believe in, what it should respect, and what it should curse. We will repeat the sorrowful cry of Israel and the complaints against the persecutions which are directed against us. Then, even though each individual may be against us, the masses, in their stupidity, will always be for us. With the press in our hands, we can turn wrong into right, dishonesty into hon- esty. We can shake all foundations, and separate families. We can destroy faith in all that our enemies, until now, have believed. We can ruin credits and arouse passions. We can declare war; we can award fame or disgrace. We can uplift or ruin talent '"When Israel shall have gold and the press in his hands, we will be able to ask: "On what day will it please you to put on Atarah (crown) which belongs to us by right, to erect Shisse (?) and extend the Shebet (sceptre) over the nations of the earth?"' "A noisy greeting followed these words and the agitated men 40 THE HISTORY OF A LIE who listened hardly understood for some time what was being said at the meeting. At last the voice of the Levite called upon all to be silent. "'The Roshe-Bate-Aboth of the twelve tribes have uttered words of wisdom. These words will be as pillars for the times to come, if the son of him "who has not rest" will write these words upon his memory and spread the seeds among the nation of Israel in order that it may grow to be a mighty tree. They will be the sword with which Israel will strike down his enemies. Our posterity must share among themselves happiness, wealth and power as it shared misfortune and dangers. They must help one another. Wherever one of them places his foot, he must drag another his brother along with him. If one of them is unfortunate, others must help him, if he but lives according to the law of our nation. " *He who was in prison for ten years, may become a rich man to whom princes will bow, if only our people will not for- sake him. Where everybody is against us, all will be for us. After forty years of wandering in the desert, the hand of Jehovah brought us to power in the land of Canaan; the same hand will lead us after forty-five times forty years from our misfortune and miseries to rule over lands which are forty-five times vaster than Canaan. If Israel shall obey the decision here adopted by the Sanhedrin of the Caballah, our grandchildren, coming a hundred years hence to the grave of the founder of our union, will announce to him that they have indeed become the princes of the world and that the promise made to the nation of Israel has been fulfilled. Other nations will become his slaves ! Renew our oath, sons of the golden calf, and go to all lands of the world/ "The blue flame flared up brightly upon the grave of the Rabbi ; each of the thirteen threw upon the tomb a stone which each carried under his cloak. "It seemed to the doctor that on the top of the tombstone, in the bluish flame, there appeared a monstrous golden figure of an animal. "Then he heard the same metallic sound that he had heard when the light first appeared. Then impenetrable darkness cov- ered the cemetery. "The white figures again slipped by among the tombstones, The gates creaked softly, THE HISTORY OF A LlS 41 "The clock in the tower struck two past midnight. The last of the mysterious visitors knocked at the window and a hoarse voice said (as though the speaker knew that the watchman was not asleep) : " 'Close the house of life, watchman of those who are awaiting the resurrection, and may your lips be sealed with the seal of Solomon for a hundred years/ "The scholar still lay motionless; he was afraid to stir; all he had heard had made upon him such a dreadful impression. "A noise near him indicated that his companion was rising. "To concentrate in their hands all the capital of the nations of all lands ; to secure possession of all the land, railroads, mines, houses; to be at the head of all organizations, to occupy the highest governmental posts, to paralyze commerce and industry everywhere, to seize the press, to direct legislation, public opin- ion and national movements and all for the purpose of sub- jugating all nations on earth to their power! Nol I shall struggle against the golden calf and shall smash it to pieces as Moses smashed it in the desert.' '"What we heard is a threat against all society. Here is my hand, I will be your comrade in this struggle against the power of gold.' 'The Italian shook his head, but accepted the extended hand. 'No,' he said, 'I want to act alone. There is a force which, if properly directed, is not weaker than gold. That force is pov- erty and her companion, labor. I shall call them out and lead them into battle. Proud Israel! Beware! I shall put against you the Artel (union) and Labor.' "'And I,' said the scholar, with animation, 'all that is lofty and noble, science, idealism, faith I shall lead these against this materialism.' "His comrade laughed: " "Your ideals will crumble as clay striking against metal. Only the forces of poverty and hunger can be the fighters that will defeat the golden calf. Our ways part here; you will go one way, and I another. My promise is fulfilled ; but remember your vowbe silent as to all that you have heard and seen her* !' " 42 THE HISTORY OF A LIE This is the weird, fantastic "thriller" from which sprang the Protocols. It is the first stage. According to this story not only were there present at a secret meeting in the Prague Cemetery, the representatives of the twelve tribes of Israel, ten of which totally disappeared nearly twenty-five centuries ago, but also the son of "the accursed one," the Devil, was there, making side- remarks from time to time. His assigned function was that of spreading the decisions of the Wise Men of Zion among the Jews in order that they conquer the world. Dr. Herman L. Strack, professor of theology at the ^niversity of Berlin, one of the foremost Christian authorities on theological and religious literature, com- menting on this Goedsche-Retcliffe concoction, says that this tale of the ghostly convocation in the Jewish ceme- tery at Prague, discloses no real knowledge of Judaism, that the reference to mixed marriages indicates gross ignorance of actual Jewish thought, and that the Hebrew words supposed to have been employed by the spokesmen for the various tribes appear to have been borrowed from a dictionary. He also points to Goedsche-Retcliffe's story and the "Rabbi's Speech" about to be mentioned as the sources of the Protocols. CHAPTER THREE FICTION FORGED INTO "FACT" The Lie in its Second Stage The Tale Becomes "Fact" The "Rabbi's" Speech Its Authenticity Vouched for by "Ret- cliffe" An Illuminating Footnote A Dedication to the Rus- sian "Black Hundreds" The Imaginary "Speech" Bears Witness to Authenticity of "Protocols," Themselves Based on "Speech" Three Stages of the Lie. A number of years after this Russian translation of the Goedsche-Retcliffe story appeared, Sir John Retcliffe, alias Goedsche, deeming it important for his purpose of adding fuel to the flame of anti-semitism that had been lighted in Germany, undertook to convert this work of fiction, this offspring of his imagination, into a statement of fact. This led him to adopt the simple device of con- solidating into one continuous speech the dialogue con- tained in his shilling shocker, and putting the speech into the mouth of an imaginary Rabbi in such a way as to make it appear to be an address delivered by him to a secret convocation of Jews. And the very man who had invented the speeches set down in his work of fiction twenty years before, now vouched for the authenticity of the obviously fabricated speech which he attributed to a Rabbi who had his birth in the contorted mind of this notorious forger. A translation from the Russian of the apocryphal "Rabbi's Speech," with the introductory note as published in Russia by G. Butmi, in 1907, in a book entitled "The Enemy of the Human Race," dedicated by the author to the Black Hundreds, will now be laid before the reader. 43 44 THE HISTORY OF A LIE A comparison of it, with the scene in the cemetery, will at once demonstrate the identity of authorship. Below is a facsimile of the title page of this book, a copy of which is in the Russian collection of the Library of Congress, in Washington, D. C. OEJlMHI/ITEJlbHblfl Pt>HI/l. BPATH POAA HEJIOBtHEGHAFO. COW3S PVCCK4FO HAPOflJL Vemat'pmoe, o6pa8omannoe u uono/meHHoe usdam'e. xoHtnuji. ropoaa, J& 1907. THE HISTORY OF A LIE ^5 THE RABBI'S SPEECH To the Jewish People * [Paragraphs which are indented and parts in italics were omitted in the Butmi version, but are given in the French publication "Le Peril Judeo Magonnique I. Les Protocols des Sages de Zion," by Jouin, Paris, 1920.] ~~ "Our fathers ordained the chosen ones in Israel to gather, without fail, once every century, at the grave of our great Master Caleb, the sainted Rabbi Simeon Ben Judah, whose great knowl- edge is imparted to the elect of each generation to gain the power over the whole world and authority over all the descend- ants of Israel. . . . "It is already eighteen centuries that the war of Israel is being waged with the power which had been promised to Abraham but which had been snatched away from him by the Cross. Trampled under foot, humiliated by his enemies, ceaselessly under threats of death, of per- secution, of rapine and violence of every sort, Israel has not succumbed; and if he is dispersed over the whole world it is because the whole world should belong to him. "It has been for a few [eighteen] centuries now that our learned men have been fighting against the Cross with courage "NOTE. (Toward the end of the last century there appeared a book in London by Retcliffe entitled "A Review of Political and Historical Events During the Past Ten Years." This work was translated into French. The French periodical press, without waiting for the com- plete translation, of the book, reproduced certain parts of it because they were of special interest. Thus the French newspapers and maga- zines published translations from the English of an intensely interesting speech, most edifying for Russia (from the Hebrew), delivered by one of the Rabbis, THE AUTHENTICITY OF WHICH SPEECH IS VOUCHED FOR BY THE ABOVE-MENTIONED AUTHOR. This in- imitable gem must in the eyes of Russians assume all the more im- portance since it is brought out by that "highly civilized" humane and practical country, England, which has given protection to the Russian Jews against the unsuccessfully invented persecutions on the part of the Russian government and people. This monstrous document was sent at the time in printed forni, in the French language, to the editorial office of the Odessa newspaper "Novorosisk Telegraph" for those who might want to examine the accuracy of the translation pub- lished in No. 4996 of that newspaper, dated January 15, 1891, and re- printed in No. 21 of the Petersburg newspaper "Znamya," dated January 22, 1904. THE SPEECH RELATES TO THE TIME OF THE SAN- HEDRIN OF 18W.) 46 THE HISTORY OF A LIE and persistence which nothing can break. Our people is rising gradually and, with each day, its forces are growing. It is to us that this God of the day belongs, which was erected by Aaron in the wilderness, this golden calf, this universal deity of the epoch. "When we become, at last, the sole possessors of all the gold to be found on earth, the true power will practically be trans- ferred to our hands, and the promises made to Abraham will be fulfilled. Gold is the greatest power on earth; it is wight, re- ward, the instrument of every authority, it is all man, both fears and desires. This is the sole mystery, the most profound science of that spirit with the aid of which the entire world is ruled. This is what the future holds in store. Eighteen cen- turies have belonged to our enemies ; this century and the fol- lowing must belong to us, the People of Israel, and will be ours, without fail. Here, for the tenth time during a thousand years of cruel and incessant struggle with our enemies, have assembled at this cemetery; at the grave of the great Master, Caleb, the sainted Rabbi Simeon Ben Judah, the elect of each of the tribes of the Israelite people, in order to discuss and agree upon, the means of making use, in the interests of our cause, of all the tremendous mistakes and errors, which our enemies the Christians have not ceased to commit. Every time the new Sanhedrin (assembly) proclaimed and preached merciless warfare against our enemies, but not once during the past centuries did our forefathers succeed in concentrating in our hands such an enormous quantity of gold [and conse- quently of power] as the nineteenth century has given us. We are therefore able, without any senseless illusions, to flatter our- selves with the hope of attaining our goal before long, and we can look forward with assurance into the very eyes of the future. "Persecutions and insults, these sombre and tortuous times, which the people of Israel bore with heroic patience, have for- tunately come to an end, owing to the progress of civilization among the Christians, and this progress is the best shield under which we can hide and scheme, in order that we may cover quickly and decisively the last leg of that distance which divides us from our supreme aim. Let us cast a cursory glance at the THE HISTORY OF A LIE 47 economic situation of Europe and analyze the resources which fell to the Israelites from the beginning of the present century, owing to the concentration in their hands of the tremendous capital which is in their possesson at the present time. It turns out that in Paris, London, Vienna, Berlin, Amsterdam, Hamburg, Rome, Naples, etc. [and in all lands the Rothschilds], that everywhere, the Israelites are the masters of the financial situa- tion, being as they are possessors of many billions, not to men- tion localities of the second and third class where all the financial funds are in their hands and not mentioning that, without their direct influence, no financial operation, no work of any im- portance, could be carried out anywhere at any time. At pres- ent, all the emperors, kings and ruling princes are burdened with tremendous debts incurred in order to be able to maintain numerous standing armies [to sustain their tottering thrones]. The Bourse quotes and regulates these moneys, and we are the full masters of the Bourse in all the centres of the globe. The problem before us now is to facilitate even to a greater extent the means of contracting these loans and thus to become the sole managers of all valuables, after which the exploitation of all their railroads, mines, forests, large factories and industrial plants, as well as of all other (real property) including duties and taxes, will fall into our hands, as a security for the capital lent by us to the various States. "Agriculture will forever remain the principal source of a country's wealth. The possession of large plots of land will pave for us even a broader way to honors and will strengthen our influence (over the highest officials of the country). From this follows, that our efforts will be directed towards inducing our brethren in Israel to make large agricultural purchases. We must, therefore, do our utmost to break up large estates into small parcels, in order to be able to purchase them in the easiest and quickest way. Under the pretext of trying to help the work- ing classes, it is necessary to oppress the large landowners with taxation in all its severity. When these possessions will thus gradually be transferred into our hands, the whole labor of the Christian proletariat will become for us a new source of tre- mendous profits. Since the Christian Church is one of our most dangerous enemies, we must work tirelessly to weaken its in- fluence, and in order to accomplish this, it is necessary to use all our efforts to implant in the Christian intellectual class ideas 48 THE HISTORY OF A LIE of atheism, scepticism, dissension and to call forth religious disputes among the newly-formed groups and sects of Christen- dom. "Logically, we must begin by depreciating the min- isters of this religion. Let us declare open war on them, let us provoke suspicions on their devotion, on their private conduct, and by ridicule and persiflage we shall be right in the consideration attached to the state and the costume of the priest. "Every war, every revolution, every political and religious up- heaval brings nearer the moment when we shall attain the great end for which we have been striving so long. Commerce and speculation these branches, most plentiful in their fruits, must never be suffered to slip out of the hands of the Israelites. "... and once these branches have become identi- fied with us, we shall, through the flattery and perspicacity of our executives, know how to penetrate to the prime source of true influence and power. It is understood that we are concerned only with those pursuits that entail honors, power or privileges, for all those that require knowledge, labor or disagreeable conditions, these can and should be left to the Christians. The magistrature is an institution of prime importance for us. The legal pro- fession develops most the faculty of civilization and initiates one furthest in the affairs of our natural ene- mies, the Christians, and it is through it that we can subject them to our mercy. Why should not the Jews become Ministers of Instruction when they have so often been Ministers of Finance? The Jews must also aspire to the rank of legislators with the object of abrogating the laws made by the Goim, faithless sinners, against the sons of Israel, the true believers, in their invariable attachment to the holy laws of Abraham. "Moreover, on this point, our plan is nearing the most complete realization, for progress has nearly everywhere recognized and accorded to us the same civic rights as to Christians, but that which it is of importance to ob- tain, that which must be the object of our ceaseless efforts, is a law less severe on bankruptcy. We shall make of it a gold mine more rich than were ever the mines of California. THE HISTORY OF A LIE 49 "With this object in view the people of Israel must direct its ambition towards those high offices of authority which have the power to distribute honors and esteem. The most assured way of attaining such offices is to have weight and importance in the various industrial enterprises, financial and commercial op- erations, and to be on guard for all pitfalls and temptations which may lead to the prosecution of the sons of Israel in the country's courts. "Our people, in deciding upon one operation or another, must be guided by wisdom and tact, which are the distinguishing traits of its natural gifts. We must not remain passive to any- thing that may aid us in gaining a place of honor in society; philosophy, medicine, law, political economy in other words, all branches of science, art, literature represent a wide field where even our smallest successes, developing our abilities, will be of great benefit to our cause. "These vocations are inseparable from speculation. Thus the production of a musical composition, even though it be very mediocre, will furnish to our co- religionists a plausible reason for elevating on a pedestal and surrounding with a halo the Jew who will be the author of it. As for the sciences, medicine and phil- osophy, they must equally be a part of our intellectual domain. "To the physician are usually confided the most intimate secrets of the family and he, therefore, holds in his hands the health and life of our ancient enemies the Christians. We are obliged to encourage matrimonial unions between Israelites and Chris- tians, for the people of Israel, risking no loss whatsoever from such contact, will only gain from such unions. "... The introduction of a certain quantity of im- pure blood into our God-chosen race will not corrupt it. Our daughters will furnish us with these marriages alli- ances with Christian families that possess influence and power. In exchange for the money that we give, it is just that we obtain influence on everything that sur- rounds us. "Our relationship with the Christians will not make us deviate from the path we have always been following; on the contrary, with a certain degree of artfulness and cunning, this relationship will gradually make us full masters of their destinies. It is 50 THE HISTORY OF A LIE desirable, that the Israelites refrain from keeping concubines of our holy faith and rather select Christian girls for the part. The substitution of the simple formality of a contract before some civil power for the church ceremony is of the greatest importance to us, because on this condition Christian women will overflow our camp. If gold is the first power on this earth, then the second power is undoubtedly the press. But of what significance is the latter without the former? Since we cannot realize all the above-stated aims without the assistance of the press, it is absolutely necessary that the management of all the newspapers and magazines of all the countries, be in our hands. The possession of gold, of the press and of sufficient means for the satisfaction of certain qualities of its soul, will make us masters of public opinion and will subjugate to us the masses. "Following this method on every step of our way with a per- sistence which is one of our highest qualities, we will push the Christians aside and reduce their influence to zero. We will dictate to the world what it should believe, what it must revere or despise. It is possible that persons will be found who will arise against us ; arming themselves, they will hurl insults and curses at us ; but the docile, ignorant masses will harken to us and will take our part. Once we become absolute masters of the press, we will easily be able to refashion the ideas of honor, of virtue, of faithfulness- and to deal the first blow td the family-conception which is considered to this day as the most sacred institution and which must be reduced to a state of decay. We shall then be able to uproot the belief in that which our enemies, the Christians, shall have worshipped until that time and instead of that, having brought up the army in a spirit of infatuation with the various passions, we shall openly declare war upon everything that the gentiles are at present revering and worshipping. "May all this be understood and noted, and let every child of Israel become imbued with its true principles. Then our might will grow like a gigantic tree the branches of which will bear fruits, known as riches, pleasure, power. " . . . as a compensation for that hideous condition which for long centuries has been the unique lot of the people of Israel. "When one of us makes a step forward let the next one follow him. If his foot slips let his co-religionists hasten to THE HISTORY OF A LIE 51 support him. If an Israelite is trapped by the court of the country in which he resides, his brethren in faith should use all their efforts to get him out of trouble or to help him other- wise, but on the condition that the Israelite in question acted according to the laws which Israel observes strictly and guards for so many centuries, and the precepts of our religion. "Our people is conservative, faithful to the religious ceremonies and usages which our ancestors have be- queathed to us. "It is very important for us to pretend to be expounders and protagonists of social questions prevalent at the time in a coun- try, especially of those whose aim it is to better the fate of the workingman; but, in reality, our efforts must gravitate towards possession and rule over the movements of public opinion. "The blindness of the masses and the tendency of their leaders to yield to oratory, as empty as it is loud, make them easy prey for us and a double weapon for our popularity and credit. With the aid of oratory, our speakers will be able to make people believe our artificial enthusiasm which Christians usually attain through the medium of genuine sentiment. "It is necessary, to support as much as possible, the Proletariat and to subjugate it to those in charge of the finances. Acting in this manner, it will be for us to incite the masses, when- ever we shall need them. We will use them as weapons for up- heavals and revolutions and each of these catastrophes will move our cause forward with gigantic strides and will bring us, with a quick pace, nearer our goal to reign over the entire world, as it was promised by our Father Abraham." 52 THE HISTORY OF A LIE [For the sake of illustration, the following extracts, out of many that might be selected, are taken from the Goedsche-Retdiffe novel which were afterwards elabo- rated and presented as facts.] FIRST STAGE OF THE LIE-THE NOVELETTE If we will be supreme in the stock exchange, we will attain the same supremacy in the governments. Therefore it is necessary to facilitate loans in order to get them into our hands all the more. Wherever possible, we must take in exchange for capital, mortgages on railroads, taxes, mines, regalias (?) and domains. (Page 32.) Ownership of land is always the iron-clad, everlasting possession of every country. This in itself gives power, respect and influence. Therefore the Jews should secure the possibility of acquiring real estate. Therefore it is necessary to facilitate the loans on land. The more we will help the breaking up of estates, the more easily they will fall into our hands. (Page 33.) Industry the power of the burgher, which hinders the Jewish nation must be paralyzed even as agriculture. (Page 34.) The natural enemy of the Jews is the Christian Church. Therefore we must try to humiliate it, we must instil into it free-thinking, sceptic- ism, and conflicts. Therefore we will first of all start a war on the clergy, we will try to arouse suspicion against it and humiliate it. Let our brethren strive for the abolition of armed force. . . . Not the sword, but reason and money must rule. (Page 35.) Our nation is conservative to its very root, and clings fast to the old. But our interests demand that we participate, or, rather, direct the movements of nations. It is indisputable that ours is a time of many reforms, whose main purpose is the amelioration of the material condition of the needy classes. But for this the propertied classes must sacrifice their capital. Capital is in the hands of the Jews. Therefore, they must outwardly take part in the movement and try to divert _it from social and political reforms. The masses themselves are blind and foolish and permit the shouters to rule over them. . . . The instability of the foundation increases our power and our influence. Therefore the support of every kind of revolution increases our capital and brings us nearer to our goal. (Pages 36-37.) Of what value are all the opinions and advice given here without the aid of the press? We will attain our aim only when the press will be in our hands. Our people must direct the daily publications. . . . We need great political newspapers which will mold public opinion criti- cism, the literature of the street and the stage. In this way we will crowd out the Christians step by step, and will dictate to the world what it should believe in, what it should respect and what it should curse. We will repeat the sorrowful cry of Israel and the complaints against the persecutions which are directed against us. ... With the press in our hands we can turn wrong into right, dishonesty into honesty. We can shake all foundations and separate families. We can destroy faith in all that our enemies believed until now. We can ruin credits and arouse passions. Wo can declare war; we can give fame or disgrace. We can uplift or ruin talent. (Page 43.) JHE HISTORY OF A LIE 53 [ The -following art parallel extracts from the imaginary Rabbi's speech vouched for by the author of the novelette as fact a number of years later.] SECOND STAGE OF THE LIE-"THE RABBI'S SPEECH" When we become at last the sole possessors of all the gold to be found on earth, the power will practically be transferred to our hands, and the promises made to Abraham will be fulfilled. Gold is the greatest power on earth, it is might, reward, the instrument of every authority, it is all man, both fears and desires. . . . The problem before us now is to facilitate even to a greater extent the means of contracting these loans and thus to become the sole managers of all the valuables, after which the exploitation of all their railroads, mines, forests, large factories and industrial plants, as well as of all other real property, including duties and taxes, will fall into our hands, as a security for the capital lent to us by the various states. Agriculture will forever remain the principal source of a country's wealth. The possession of large plots of land will pave for us even a broader way to honors and will strengthen our influence over the highest officials of the country. From this follows, that our efforts will be directed towards inducing our brethren in Israel to make large agricultural purchases. We must, therefore, do our utmost to break up large estates into small parcels, in order to be able to purchase them in the easiest and quickest way. Under the pretext of trying to help the working classes, it is necessary to oppress the large landowners with taxation in all its severity. When thsse possessions will thus gradually be transferred in our hands, the whole labor of the Christian proletariat will become for us a new scarce of tremendous profits. Commerce and speculation these branches, most plentiful in their fruits, must never be suffered to slip out of the hands of the Israel- ites, with this object in view the people of Israel must direct its ambition towards those high offices of authority which have the power to distribute honors and esteem. Since the Christian Church is one of our most dangerous enemies, we must work tirelessly to weaken its influence, and in order to accom- plish this, it is necessary to use all our efforts to implant in the Christian intellectual class ideas of Atheism, scepticism, dissension and to call forth religious disputes among the newly-formed groups and sects of Christendom. It is very important for us to pretend to be expounders and protagonists of social questions prevalent at the time in a country, especially of those whose aim it is to better the fate of the working- man; but, in reality, our efforts must gravitate towards possession and rule over the movements of public opinion. The blindness of the masses and the tendency of their leaders to fall for oratory as empty as it is loud, will make them easy prey for us and a double weapon for our popularity and credit. With the aid of oratory, our speakers will be able to make people believe our artificial enthusiasm which Christians usually attain through genuine senti- ment. . . . Once we become absolute masters of the press, we will easily be able to refashion the ideas of honor, of virtue, of faithfulness and to deal the first blow to the family-conception which is considered to this day as the most sacred institution and which must be reduced to a state of decay. We sHall then be able to uproot the belief in that which our enemies, the Christians, shall have worshipped until that time and instead of that, having brought up the army in a spirit of infatuation with the various passions, we shall openly declare war upon everything which tht Gentiles are at present revering and. worshipping. . . , 54 THE HISTORY OF A LIE [The following are extracts from the new -version of the "protocols" introduced by Nilus in 1905, sho^v^ng the different stages of the forgery.] THIRD STAGE OF THE LIE "THE PROTOCOLS"* All the wheels of the government mechanism are driven by the motor which is in our hands, and that motor is gold. (Prot. 5.) To make it possible for liberty definitely to disintegrate and ruin Gentile society, industry must be placed upon a speculative basis. The result will be that all products extracted from industry from the soil will not remain in their hands but will pass through speculation into our possession. (Prot. 4.) The aristocracy of the Gentiles as a political force has passed away. . . . But as owners of land, they are harmful to us in that they are independent in their sources of livelihood. Therefore at all costs we must deprive them of their land. The best means to attain this is to_ increase land taxes and mortgage indebtedness. These measures will keep land ownership in a state of unconditional subordination. (Prot. 6.) See second quotation above. At the same time it is necessary to encourage trade and industry vigorously and especially speculation, the function of which is to act as a counterpoise to industry. ... It is necessary for industry to deplete the land both of laborers and capital, and, through speculation, transfer all the money of the world into our hands, thereby throwing the Gentiles into the ranks of the proletariat. (Prot. 6.) It is for this reason that we must undermine faith, eradicate from the minds of the Gentiles the very principle of God and soul and replace these conceptions by mathematical calculations and material desires. (Prot. 4.) We have taken good care long ago to discredit the Gentile clergy and thereby to destroy their mission, which at present might hamper us considerably. Their influence over people diminishes daily. (Prot. 17.) It is indispensible for pur purposes that, as far as possible, wars should bring _no territorial advantages. This will nhift war to an economic footing and nations will perceive the strength of pur su- periority in the aid we render. Such a condition of affairs will place both sides under the control of our international agents with their million eyes, whose vision is unhampered by any frontiers. (Pi-ot. 2.) We will represent ourselves as the savjors of the laboring classes who have come to liberate them from this oppression by suggesting that they join our army of socialists, anarchists, communists, to whom we always extend our help under the guise of the fraternal principles of the universal solidarity of our social masonry. . . . (Prot. 3.) We will adopt for ourselves the liberal side of all parties and all movements and provide orators who will talk so much that they will tire the people with their speeches until they turn from orators in disgust. (Prot. 5.) We shall handle the press in the following manner ... to end of Protocol 12. These extracts are taken from "The Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion," published by the Beckwith Company, New York, 1920. CHAPTER FOUR THE RUSSIAN SPONSORS OF THE FORGERY Nilus on the Protocols Only "the God- Anointed Tsar of Rus- sia" Can Save the World Passages from Nilus Omitted by Translators On Tolstoy On the Emancipation of Women On the "Sanhedrin" and "its Faithful Ally, England." In 1905 the second edition of Serge Nilus's book ap- peared, printed on government presses at Tsarskoye Selo, containing a new and elaborated version of the protocols. The translators of the Nilus protocols published in his 1905 edition, a copy of which is in the British Museum, have deliberately omitted numerous passages from his prologue and epilogue. These passages show clearly the purpose of the volume. Nilus writes: "We may per- haps be reproached, and justly, for the apocryphal char- acter of the document presented. But if it were possible to demonstrate its accuracy by documents or through the testimony of trustworthy witnesses, if it were possible to unveil the faces of those who are at the head of the world conspiracy and who hold its bloody strings in their hands, then the very 'mystery of lawlessness* would be infringed upon, and it must remain intact until its in- carnation in the 'son of destruction/ " Then he goes on to say that the world is rushing towards its destruction, and that there is only one force that can save it, and that is the "God-Anointed Tsar of Russia." The omitted portions of the Nilus book show distinctly that it is a work of propaganda for the Russian autocracy. Nilus denounced Leo Tolstoy, the emancipation of women, and all movements leading toward progress. 55 4 $6 THE HISTORY OF A LIE The editors of the protocols in Europe and America, realizing that these passages wotilfi disclose to intelli- gent people the real motive of the Nilus protocols and thus discredit them, have deliberately omitted them in the translations. Here are some of the omitted portions of the notorious Nilus book, which are his own utterances and do not purport to constitute a part of the Protocols. They are translated from a photographed copy of the volume in the British Museum: ******** "We have succeeded in obtaining for our use from a man close to us, now deceased, a manuscript in which are described with unusual precision and clearness the course and progress of the universal fatal mystery aiming to bring the apostate world to an inevitable catastrophe. This manuscript was given to us about four years ago (in 1901) with the assurance that it was an accurate copy a translation of the original documents stolen by a woman from one of the most powerful and sacred directors of Freemasonry after one of the secret meetings of the 'initiates' in France, the present nest of the Freemasen's sect. This manu- script under the general title 'Protocols of Meetings of the Wise Men of Zion' I now call to the attention of all who wish to see or hear. These 'Protocols' at a first cursory glance might seem to be what we are accustomed to call truisms ; they are more or less commonplaces although expressed with a boldness and a hatred not altogether customary in commonplaces. A proud, deeply-rooted, ancient, for a long time secretly growing, and what is more frightful than all, a religious rage boils between the lines, bubbling over and escaping from the overfilled vessel of violence and vengeance, already approaching complete triumph. "It must be mentioned, by the way, that the title of the manu- script does not fully justify the contents: these are not protocols of a meeting but rather the report of someone in power, divided into parts which are not even always logically connected: the impression remains that this is a fragment of something much more significant, the beginning of which has been lost The origin of the manuscript, as given by us above, furnishes suf- ficient explanation of this. ******** THE HISTORY OF A LIE 57 "We may perhaps be reproached, and justly, for the apocryphal character of the document presented. But if it were possible to demonstrate its accuracy by documents or through the testi- mony of trustworthy witnesses, if it were possible to unveil the faces of those who are at the head of the world conspiracy and who hold its bloody strings in their hands, then the very 'mystery of lawlessness' would be infringed upon, and it must remain intact until its incarnation in the 'son of destruction.' In the complexity of the present criminally-earthly process we must not search for direct evidence; we are forced to content ourselves with indirect proof and of these it seems that the attention of the sad Christian observer is fully satisfied. "The history of the Rothschilds show that the whole repub- lican era of France is due to Zion and that not a single one of those elected to office has to this time ever done what he prom- ised to do, if the demands of his electors did not coincide with the plans of the government of Zion. "What has become of unfortunate France! . . . " 'Let him who has ears, listen !' " ******** " 'Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; "'Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron; " 'Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth.' "Is net this Tolstoy and his followers scattered over the whole world ?!" ******** "In every age there have been many women 'drowning in sin and led on by various lusts': the ebb and flow of this sin in woman's heart characterized whole epochs of particular human defection but at no time of the seeming triumph of sin have there been women 'constantly studying' this sign represents en- tirely a universal inheritance and is an exclusive characteristic of our epoch. "Who is ignorant of the so-called 'woman question,' the eman- cipation of woman, that has already succeeded in breaking up so many families and which threatens an even greater disruption in the future ?1 . , , 58 THE HISTORY OF A LIE "For the sake of some phantom the bride and mother aban- dons her true mission. Is not this the greatest and most un- fortunate world revolution!" **** * * * * "The Sanhedrin was unseizable and invulnerable. It carried the roots of evil from France into Scotland, where under a different name it entered into a league with united England, with whom, after having let it in behind the curtain of its secret and having declared deadly war to papism, it cooperates even to the present day, helping out England in her exploits over the whole world with its capital and concessions, in which respect the Sanhedrin was never penurious. "As to the question why England and no other European gov- ernment was chosen as the point of resistance for the fighting Sanhedrin, the Sanhedrin gives no reply. We are inclined to think that the cause is to be found in the isolated island position of the sufficiently strong government, and perhaps in the kinship between the English and the Jews.* "Having covered the whole of Europe with a network of Masonic lies (the symbol of the temple of Solomon is preserved for them also), possessing countless millions, in face of the general fall of the Christian spirit among the European peoples, in whom there was artificially spread and supported the cult of the golden calf; having poisoned the idea of godliness and spirituality in the heart of the peoples by 'scientific' theories, the Sanhedrin the priest of the golden idol created by it, has gained control of the spiritual life of all Europe, and with its help, with the help of its gold, with the sold consciousness of those standing at the helm of power, and with the help of its faithful ally England, it has corrupted and perverted all the political foundations of Europe, and through them the well-being and spiritual health of its population. The French revolution, glori- fied by the Masonized historical science of 'greatness' and the fall of the 'great' Napoleon have shown to the world the sig- nificance and strength of the Sanhedrin. But the world did not recognize the new .manifestation of Satan: at that time the words of truth of the Evangel and the apostolic foresight had become alien to him." * As is known, there is a scientific theory which tries to prove that the English are the descendants of one of the scattered tribes of Israel. The Sanhedrin which directs the course of contemporary sci- ence, is not ashamed to produce whatever theories are advantageous to them. According to certain tenuous evidences in the air it seems that a new theory is being produced according to which the honor of birth relationship with the God-elected Sanhedrin is extended to America and , . , Japan. AVIS A L'ANGLETERREl . . . ) CHAPTER FIVE FORGERS DISAGREE The Butmi Protocols "Representatives of Zion" Not to be Con- founded with "Zionists" Butmi Contradicts Nilus Plan for World Conquest Conceived 929 B. C E. The "Symbolic Snake" Universal Suffrage a Jewish Device Every Jew Familiar with Plot. In the book issued by G. Butmi to which reference has been made, and which contains the "Rabbi's Speech" already considered, there is to be found still another ver- sion of the protocols. Butmi was a Black Hundred writer. It appeared in 1907 and was dedicated to the Black Hundred organization. Appropriately enough it was published by the Society of Deaf and Dumb, as will be seen from the facsimile reproduction of the title page. With exceeding naivete Butmi published the forged speech attributed by Retcliffe-Goedsche to a Jewish Rabbi as proof of the genuineness of the protocols, and side by side with the fabricated speech appears the Butmi ver- sion of the protocols which had undergone further changes subsequent to the publication in 1905 of "the documents" by Serge Nilus. The headlines over the protocols in the Butmi 1907 version read as follows: "PROTOCOLS TAKEN OUT OF THE SECRET DEPOSI- TORIES OF THE MAIN OFFICE OF ZION. "'(Extracts from ancient and modern protocols of the Sages of Zion of the Universal Organization of Freemasons.)' 59 60 THE HISTORY OF A LIE Thus the Protocols were in 1907 presented by G. Butmi, dedicated to the Black Hundreds, as Masonic, not as Jewish documents. In his introduction thie author says, in part, as follows: "These secret protocols were secured with great difficulty in fragmentary form, and were translated into Russian in Decem- ber, 1901. It is almost impossible to get at the secret depositories again where they are hidden, and therefore they cannot be rein- forced by definite information as to the place, day, month, year, where and when they were composed. " 'The reader who is more or less familiar with the secrets of Freemasonry will draw from the general character of the criminal plot, outlined in the protocols, the conclusion as to their authen- ticity, and from several details he will suppose with great cer- tainty that the mentioned protocols were taken from the docu- ments of the Masonic lodge of Egyptian ritual, or Mizraim, which is joined mostly by Jews. . . . "'But the above-mentioned failure to mention the time and place where the protocols were composed might call forth in the reader, who is entirely unfamiliar with the abominations of Masonic doctrines, doubts as to the authenticity of these docu- ments.' " At the end of the "protocols" published in this edition by Butmi, in 1907, there appears a note by the man who declares that he had secured and translated the docu- ments from the French, on December 9, 1901, and in the very first two lines of his note, he states that the repre- sentatives of Zion mentioned in the documents are not to be confounded with the representatives of the Zionist movement. The Russian mystic Serge Nilus, in his later editions, connected the documents with the Zionist Con- gress in Basle and with the head of the Zionist movement, Dr. Theodore Herzl. The translator, as do Nilus and Lutostansky, also gives a version of "the political plan devised by the Wise Men of Zion." This translator, however, states that the "po- THE HISTORY OF A LIE 61 litical plan was conceived 929 years before the birth of Christ. It was invented by Solomon and Judean sages in theory." Here follow extracts from the so-called Translator's Note: BO 6C.1H HMT> H6 flaTb KpOBH, OHH H6 CUSlTb, & <5opK)TCfl... flpHMtsame nepeeoAHKKa. HsjioaceHHbie npotoKOJiH noffnucaHti QOHCKHMH npeflCTaBHTeJiSMU (ae CM-BinHBafiie CT> npeacTaBiiTejmMH cioancTCKaro ABiimeHifl). OHH BuxBaieHH H3T> uliJiofl KHHFH npoTOKOJioBi, Bcero coflepHtaBla Koiopofi He y^a'jiocb nepenHcaib no KpaiKOcra BpeMean, flaaaaro Ha npOHTenie HXI> ncpeBo^HHKy 3THxi> npoiokoJioB'b. K-B OHjio npnJio;K6HO eiue Hedojibiiioe npu6aBaeaie 11 nnaB3< aaBo Mipa EspeflMH MupabiM-b nyieMt. STII npoxoKOJibi H HepTeacT> Ha ^paeuyscKoa xeppnTopiH. Ha ynoMflHyroM'b lepTeafb aHannjica sees no.iHTii^ecKifl Cioaa no oTHomeaiio KI> HMtioinHM-b 6utb npoflaenHtiMH Translator's Note. "The expounded protocols are signed the representatives of Zion (do not confound them with the representative of the Zionist movement). They were taken out of a whole book of protocols, the entire contents of which it was impossible to copy because of the short time allowed the translator for reading these protocols. A small appendix was attached to them and a plan of conquering the world by the Jews by peaceful means. These protocols and the Sketch were taken from the secret depositories of the Main Office of Zion, now located on French territory. "The above-mentioned sketch contained the entire political plan of Zion with regard to the stages to be passed through by this movement and to the means of passing from one to another. The aforesaid political plan was conceived 929 years before the birth of Christ. It was invented by Solomon and the Judean Sages in theory; according to historical events, it was elaborated and enlarged by their followers initiated in this plan. 62 THE HISTORY OF A LIE "These sages decided to conquer the world peacefully for Zion, with the cunning of the Symbolic Snake, whose head should be composed of the Jewish Government initiated in the plans of the Wise Men (always masked even to their people), and the body the Jewish nation. "Crawling into the bosom of governments, this snake has undermined or eaten away all non- Jewish governmental powers, according to their growth, in various continents, but particularly in Europe, which he should do also in the future, following exactly the outlines of the plan until the cycle of the road travelled by it will close by the return of the head of the Snake to Zion, that is, until this snake will include in the sphere of its circle all Europe, and through Europe the whole world, utilizing all forces conquered by economic means in order to draw the other continents into the sphere of its cycle. . . . "For instance, the economic theory of the ballot system has made it possible to carry out everything that was desirable in the interests of the elevation of Zion. The Jewish authorities commenced to act by means of bribing or by instigating the majority of votes as soon as they succeeded to manage so that the decisions of that majority became the determining factor in questions of national life. The crowd always in need, or the greedy intelligent class, short-sighted liberals and other blind people have also rendered good service to Zion. Therefore the republican is the most desirable and convenient form of govern- ment for Zion because it gives full sway for the activities of the armies of Zion for anarchists of thought and action, called socialists. "All that which is outlined above is the work of the hands of the nation without a territory, constituting but a drop in the ocean of humanity, but possessing the most ideal Government, every member of which is familiarized with the plan of action worked out in the course of centuries, from which he cannot deviate. The politics of the goyim is the politics of accidental circumstances, engineered by the Jews, and tends not towards perfecting the affairs of the state, but towards struggle for the sake of greed, or more often for the personal aggrandizement of the administrators. "From this it is clear, on whose side there must be victory and the guidance of the world. "Translation from the French, December 9, 1901." CHAPTER SIX THE BLACK HUNDREDS, THEIR DUPES AND CRIMES Russia in 1905 The Unsuccessful Revolution The Reaction and the Reactionaries Lutostansky and His Work The "Sym- bolic Snake" According to Lutostansky Who Plagiarized? Lutostansky on the English People Are the English the "Lost Tribes"? How the Protocols Were "Doctored" by Butmi Conclusion. As the writings of Sergius Nilus are typical of the "literature" produced under the auspices of the Russian Black Hundred organizations which sought to save the Czar's throne by pogroms, I examined a large number of publications brought out in Russia during the period when "the Russian Mystic," Sergius Nilus, pub- lished his pretended discovery, the "Protocols." His book, "The Great in the Small and anti-Christ," appeared in 1905 after the Russo-Japanese War, when the Russian revolutionists made an attempt to overthrow the Czar's government. A new organization was formed for the sup- port of the Russian throne. It was known as "the Union of the Russian People," "the Black Hundred," whose program was Jew-baiting. It was then that Russia adopted a definite, anti-Jewish policy of vengenance a pogrom policy. The "Black Hundred" held the Jews re- sponsible for Russia's defeat in the war and for the at- tempted revolution, and neither the Czar nor his loyal organization of the "Black Hundred" ever forgave Count Sergius Witte, who won for Russia at the Portsmouth Peace Conference what she had lost on the battlefields, for inducing Nicholas II to grant a constitution to Russia. "The Black Hundreds" nicknamed Witte "the Jewish Count of Portsmouth." They attacked him and at- tempted to assassinate him. They assassinated at that 63 64 THE HISTORY OF A LIE TAII III 8 EBPEI 1- BDCH H A*Jmji HX* no \ w _ mi ymm m*m\ i UKiaTfipCBF8 DpaBocjiaBsaro namiiHCKaro ^BopaniiHa OTcrasBoro yurrejia luiacc. H3AAH1E TPETbE H OHaHHTe^n>Ho A. H C.-nETEPByprb T-sa .CB-BTL.- Hesctift. Uflt 909. FACSIMILE OF TITLE PAGE OF LUTOSTANSKY'S BOOK PUB- LISHED IN 1907 CONTAINING ANTI- JEWISH AND ANTI-BlUT- ISH ATTACKS. THE HISTORY OF A LIE 65 doiraro esiMBoniiecHaro 3iik PE&CTABJIEHHLrf! nojiimreecRi& naairc, 3tn'fl, TeopiH, no nip* xe HcropHiecKass co6H- iiS paspaSaTHBaeirb a aono.iHaein> npoc- 9rn wyjpeuu piiunjin smpno nip!, wa CioHa, et xHTpocitio CHMBOJIH- qecKaro 3Mia. Fjiasa 3Hia nsoSpaaraeil. a ryjoBame eapojcs Hpono.isaa BT> rocyjiapCTBeHHua 3MiB 3Ton> noffraiHBaeit HJH no-' Bci ee iyaeicKia rocyaapCTBeH- HHfl CHJIH, no nipt Hxi> pocia ua paa- BHXT> KOHTHHeHTaXt, HO OCOCCHHO Sb EB- TTO OBI aoaaeffB A^JiaTt H et 6y- npH TOIHOMI c.iiOBaHia no", npex- jsaiepraHiain> njaaa, so rtx-b nop,. : .ttOKa UHiurb npoBseH- naro ant nyre He coMKHeica BOSBpaToir^^juiaBH 3Mia na ,CioH%^ TO ecrb nofta OTOTB 3Mift se; saBjnOTOn, KB. cBoero Kpyra BCK> Espony, a "repeat nee sect Mipi. ciapawTca BHCCTH Bctim FACSIMII.E FHOM LUTOSTANSKY'S BOOK, "THE TALMUD AND THE JEWS/' PUBLISHED IN 1907, SHOWING THE PASSAGE U8F.D BY NlLUS IN HIS BOOK CONTAINING THE PROTOCOW?, 66 THE HISTORY OF A LIE nyrem. cmiaMB, ^To6w sasjieii. ro c$epy ceoero qmwa ocrm- Htie KOHTHHCHTM. TaKt K3KB B03BpaTB T.iaBH 3Mlfl HOPE COBCp- uiHTbca jiams no crjiaaenHNMi pasBauHHaui rocy^apcTBCHHoff womH BCfcxT>eBpone2cKHxi>cTpain>, qepeat naaenie 3108 Momn, on> 3KOHOMHqecicaro pascTpoBciBa H paaopeaia, Bcroiy Bnoqa- Haro CioHOMi, lepea-B HpaBCTBeHHuS ynaiOKB. BHOCHMoe CT> noMomtio xnaoBOKi, BsaarouiHXi ce6a aa nyazeHOKi, H HtajitHHOKi., Koroptia flaate <JIHKTHBHO uawrb H Kpeiuenie, noTOHT> At.iaiOTca ^euaMH BaiKHbixi> .nmT> na noao6ie 6H6.ieficKoB EC$HPH, a npa HHX-H sceraa co- nyrcTByiOTb Mapioxea H npoHSBoaan. CBOIO nojinraKy fft no.i63y acHiOBCTsa. BTH-TO MHHHHS ^paHuyaeHKH a Hiauifc- HHKHHBJinroTca'caMbiMH jyHiiiHMH HOCHTejbHHuaMH pacnytcTB* HpasoB-B c^ utcia ea Mtcro. 9ra xeHmHHM cjiyxarb jvia. lixt, Koropwe, 6jiaro^apa HUT,, Bceraa ny^aaioTca vb ACHI>- raxi>, a DOTOMV OXOTHO topryrorb coBicTbio, rro6ia ao6uTi> aeeerB BO rro 6w TO HH ctajio. Jleabra a?e TOJWK> ccyxaMTca- iaKHMT> ToproBtiain. coBicra. TTO 6cipo BOS- BparaaroTca BI pyKH, ccyxcaBiuia HX-B, noioMy ITO CT> no- Mombro TBXI, e eHuiHHi pacipaiHsaioTca cKopo noc.it HXI no^yqeHia. CioHCKia ctra paaciaBJieHU aa sctxt ny* ax^ roeBi" H UHKJn> 3nia noaBHraetca BT. XX CTOJ*TIK 6HCTpOTofl sypbepcKaro wuxemx KB naMt^eHHOfl CBoett utaH. "lIojiHoe esjioxeide BC^XI laBHCTBeHHUXT, HPOTOKOJIOBT> CioHCKHXi HCHAOBCKHXI MyipeaoB^ Becb ojiaHi aaBoeBama saero Mipa, 6y A erb noMtmeno n. VII-Mi od0lMW TQH* .TajiMyAt H espea". K-b jA&cTsiauT, Tafiaaro cioHCEaro 3Mia OTHOCHica H iweBeta Bawaa, BSBeaeHnaa Ha ysasaeiiaro, BO BceB Poccia o. npoioiepea loanna KpOHiirraaTCKaro. BI 3TO tfficTBie anwoBi, o6HarjitBuiHxi B mwrfW speiia jyia noiptiBa npaBoc-iaBHoS peaariij a.noKOJie6aHia rtp Ha ysaxeHia CBSTOCTH nepKBH H npeiaHHOcta Uap . Bci raseiH, neiaiBH KHHrnaaa Toproai . . ffeu pynax^, .iero se Bca T iyHa 6bijia yse nojn, mnaoBCKoa onaH)io. omeica CBKO noKO, e 6a TI ,, a n<m> -ipoHyT* FACSIMILE FROM LUTOSTANSKY'S BOOK, "THE TALMUD AND THE JEWS," PUBLISHED IN IQO7, SHOWING THE PASSAGE USED BY NlLUS IN HIS BOOK CONTAINING THE PROTOCOLS, THE HISTORY OF] A LIE <Sfc time two Jewish members of the Duma, Yollos and Hertzenstein. It was during that period of Judophobo- mania that Sergius Nilus published his book introducing the "Protocols" in Russia. In my investigation I naturally examined the works of the Russian arch anti-Semite, Ippolit Lutostansky, who first accused the Jews of the most despicable crimes, and then, in 1882, after the occurrence of the pogroms in the south of Russia, wrote a volume retracting all his previous anti-Jewish accusations, and declaring anti-Semitism to be nothing but an outgrowth of ignorance and malice. Sev- eral years later he resumed his anti-Semitic agitation and became one of the most vicious vilifiers of the Jewish people on the eve of the notorious Beilis affair which was staged by the Russian government for the purpose of discrediting the Jews and of justifying the Russian gov- ernmental anti- Jewish policy before the world. After the collapse of the Beilis prosecution, which involved the absurd charge of ritual murder, Lutostansky approached several prominent wealthy Jews with an offer to retract his new charges against the Jews, provided they would pay him a certain amount of money for his book. The Jews declined to have anything to do with the charlatan who had caused so much harm to the Jews of Russia by his monstrous accusations. His works attracted special attention because of the fact that they were endorsed and supported by Russian Grand Dukes and by the Dowager Empress of Russia. While examining one of his books entitled, "The Tal- mud and the Jews," published in 1907, in which he prom- ised the publication of "the Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion" in his forthcoming volume, I came upon an amazing passage in his introduction, outlining an alleged secret plan of the Jews to gain world domination, which 68 [THE HISTORY OF A LIE I find reproduced, word for word, with but a few phrases changed, in the epilogue of "the Russian mystic," Sergius Nilus. Did Sergius Nilus plagiarize Lutostansky? Or was it Lutostansky who plagiarized Nilus ? Or were they one and the same person? At any rate, both served the purposes of the "Black Hundreds" against the Jews, and both employed the same weapons. Here is a translation of Lutostansky's introduction: From Lutostansky's Introduction, 1907 EXPLANATION OF THE ZIONIST SYMBOLIC SNAKE "The political plan represented in the form of a snake is very old and was devised by the Judaean sages in theory, and in the course of historical developments it is elaborated and augmented by their initiated followers. These sages decided to conquer the world peacefully for Zion, by the cunning of the symbolic snake. The head of the snake represents the sages of Zion, and the body the Judaean nation. Crawling into the bosoms of govern- ments, this snake undermines eats away all non- Judaean govern- mental forces, as they grow on various continents, but especially in Europe, which it is to do also in the future, carefully fol- lowing the outlined plan, until the cycle of the road travelled by it is completed by the return of the head of the snake to Zion, that is until this snake will include within the sphere of its circle the whole of Europe, and through Europe the whole world. First of all they are endeavoring to introduce everywhere irreligion and moral decadence, utilizing all forces they have won economically in order to drag the other continents into the sphere of their cycle. As the return of the head of the snake could be accomplished only over the razed ruins of the govern- mental power of all European countries, through the collapse of this power, through economic disorganization and ruin, intro- duced by Zion everywhere by means of moral decadence. Cor- ruption is introduced with the aid of Jewesses under the guise of French or Italian women, who even undergo fictitious baptism for these purposes and then become the wives of prominent men, like the biblical Esther, and they are always accompanied by their Mordecais, and make their politic! for the good of the HISTORY OF A LIE 69 Jew?. These so-called French and Italian women are the best carriers of immorality from place to place. These women are used for those who, because of them, are always in need of money, and therefore willingly barter their conscience to secure money at any cost. The money is reality only loaned to such con science-bar terers, for it quickly comes back to the hands of Asia yxyn> nftwtfaSiaeirtt $pajHiy3 K&niouanefi. KOHCIBO, ro TpefioBaBiOwifc a* Kacaerca eratf yipezjieaifi, 3roBaeMui an *pamriB> oootWHira cocfasaMH e npaaBtejbcm, wo Apef%capOBCxaa jpnuovatia Bucrynaetk aa CioBa H oncpHuaen, DTJTV AJur.mionBaanJH OR Mwofl- Asia.' GioBi Bcer^a eaBocBunajrB ceQt i^cra T uixaie CBOH paCoiia- CKOTI, tn, i&iosiHecKHrt juwaiur, no BUIK eaert Ta^tyxi. ace ge-espeflCKoe ^eioBtiecTBO. IIo jairaiisn, rafiaaro espeBCKaro Cionflsua, COJOSIODOMI a xpyraira lyjeftCKHMH siy^peaaMH em,e. sa- 929 An. AO Poauc- CTBa XpHCTOBX fiUJTB B3MIJIII.ieHl BJ> TCOpill nftinTIWCCKJfl uaai uBpaaro saBoesaHia nxa Cidfia BceiCBHofl. flo nt.pt BcropHTecKHxi coGmift, n.iain. aron, Cujn paspa- a uouMBaem, nocBamciiaiuiH n aio A*.W nowt- '), fcnra-TH iiapao. sasoeBan iiipi v* Ciomt SHrpocTtio CnMBOJHsecKajo Suis, caasy soroparo JMBO Ou.io cocraBJum, nocB^mesaoe B% n.fanij jiyxpeAOBi npaBnie-ibCTBd eapeeBi (scerAa saMacKapOBanHkefxase or* csoero aapoiaX a Tyaosame napca* lyjeflQEia. TlpoaHKaA BI atipa ficrp-B- qacMuxi BUI aa nyra rocyAapciBx, SiiiiS aion noATa<tHBa.ii a nosBpsui (cBeprarf axi) sci rocy^apcTBeHaun, nM>BpcB-. CKiff, CBJU, no nipt HXT. pocra. 3ro se AOJBI OH* gfeuTb H,BT> Cyxymein. upa TOIDOMI crtAOsaaiu npeaaaieprauiflM* luaaa, xo TBXI nopi, noka vfnun, npofljcHHaro uin. nyru HC cosiKBerCfl BOSBpaTOin, Tjiasu ere aa Cioat -a nosa, T- EBire oCpasoMi, 3uifi Be saK-iwiarB, ae cocpejoroqHTk BI c$epfe, CBoero Kpyra acett Efiponu, a qepcai act n Hip*, no-iwyacb BCBMB ciwaiiH aaBoeiwHieirk a. ayrem, qxoCu noAiHBHTb CBOCiiy B.iiHHiio, iiiaii6 CBoero nawa-i B ocrajibBue KOBTHHreaTu. '). An. Daserk. KaKi, OWHI us* HaH<ku*e iapoBiitilx* yiennisoBi. 4- imwltytofi WK8JN. Be Mon, MC 6im nocBami'ui m. nc .ranny OrtiaKO- uia, Ma$ojinBinyDc Irj, .AtSPisiu' a. BI cro npenH. Orrvx* ocofiaa iq04 roBHU\H'Bero CO nopoau BonBtTBymaro llapaiu* FACSIMILE OF PAGE OF SERGE NILUS'S BOOK CONTAINING THE PROTOCOLS SHOWING THE SAMB PASSAGE AS IN LUTOSTANSKV'S BOOK. 70 THE HISTORY OF A LIE those loaned the money, as it is squandered with the aid of these women soon after they receive it. The Zionist nets are spread out on all the roads of the goyim (gentiles) and the cycle of the snake is moving along in the Twentieth century with the speed of an express train towards its goal. "The complete outline of all the secret protocols of the Zionist Jewish sages, the entire plan of the conquest of the whole world, will be included in the next (seventh) volume of 'The Talmud nd the Jews.'" And this is a facsimile reproduction and translation of Sergius Nilus's epilogue taken from the copy of the "Protocols" in the British Museum, from which the American translation was made. From the Nilus Epilogue, 1917 "According to secret Jewish Zionism, a political plan was de- vised in theory for the peaceful conquest of the world for Zion, by Solomon and other sages already 929 years before the birth of Christ. In the course of historical developments, the plan was elaborated and augmented by their followers initiated in this affair. These sages decided to conquer the world peace- fully for Zion, by the cunning of the symbolic snake, whose head should constitute the government of the Jews initiated in the plans of the sages (always masked even from their own people) and the body the Judean nation. Penetrating the bos- oms of the governments encountered on the way, this snake has undermined and eaten away (overthrowing) all govern- ments, non- Jewish forces according to their growth. "This it should also do in the future, carefully following the outlined plan, until the cycle of the road travelled by it is com- pleted by the return of the head of the snake to Zion, and until the snake will thus include and concentrate in the sphere of its circle the whole of Europe, and through Europe the rest of the world, utilizing all forces of conquest and by economic means in order to subject also the other continents to its influence, to the influence of its cycle. The return of the head of the snake could be accomplished only over the razed plains of the govern- mental power of all the European countries, that is through THE HISTORY OF A LIE 71 economic disorganization and ruin, introduced by Zion every- where by means of spiritual decadence and moral turpitude, chiefly, with the aid of Jewish women under the guise of French, Italian and Spanish women, the best introducers of immorality into the conduct of the rulers of nations. Women in the hands of Zion serve as bait for those, who owing to them are always in need of money, and therefore barter their conscience in order to get money at any cost. This money, in fact, is only loaned to them, for it quickly comes back to the hands of bribing Zion through these very women, and at the same time they have secured slaves for Zion." A comparison of these pages shows that Nilus merely added to Lutostansky's version the statement to be found in Butmi's version that the political plan for the peaceful conquest of the world for Zion, was devised in theory by Solomon and other sages p-?p years before the birth of Christ. Lutostansky said in 1907 that "the head of the snake represents the sages of Zion, and the body the Judean nation," while Nilus said that the "head should constitute the government of the Jews initiated in the plans of the sages (always masked even from their own people) and the body the Judean nation." Thus the sages of Zion were transformed by Nilus into "the government of the Jews" in order to connect the "political plan" all the more closely with the "protocols." The American editors have omitted this part of the Nilus epilogue, evi- dently because it seemed even to them too absurd for American consumption. All of the literature about the "protocols" that ap- peared in various parts of the world in 1920 is based on the "documents" vouched for by the mysterious Sergius Nilus, and fortified by the irresponsible Jew-baiter and intellectual pervert Ippolit Lutostansky. That the Nilus-Lutostansky-Butmi campaign was just what the Tsarist government desired may be seen from 72 THE HISTORY OF A LIE the photographic reproduction of the letter sent to Lutostansky by Grand Duke Michael, who was regarded as the most liberal among the Russian Grand Dukes. The letter appears together with other letters of congratula- tion from members of the Imperial family in the volume containing the passages quoted above. CocToamjfl npn Focyaapt HacjrtAHHKfc BEJIHKOITb KHH3* MlWOCTHBMft EPO HM1JEPATOPCKOE BLICOTECTBO rocyflAPb HACJIUJIHHK'B H BEJiHKift KHfl3bMHXAHJn>AJIEKCAHAPO- B H 1 T> coBSBOJiBJii 6jarociuoHHo noAHeceHHtifl BSMH Tpyn ..Taji cpHieMi EFO BbIC04ECTBy 6uao nopyiHTb UH* iiepeAaifc BaMt, EFO HCKpeHHK) npHBHaieabHOCTb aa B*rae BeceHie. BjaroBOJiHTe npiraaTi, B MO rjyOoKyio npH3HaT&ii>HOCTb aa MB* 9KseMDJijipi Bamefl Kaara. Ero BucoKo6iaropoAi Hpomy Baci npHHaik yBtpenie n co- H. I. JbOTOCTaHCKOMj. BcpmeiiHOMi, nioeui yBaxeaiu a Bcer^a roroBufl KT> ycjiyram Jf. flauocon. LETTER OF THANKS SENT BY GRAND DUKE MICHAEL TO LUTOS- TANSKY FOR HIS ANTI-SEMITIC WORK. For the benefit of the antisemitic agitators in England, such as the editors of The Morning Post, The New Wit- ness, The Spectator, Blackwood's Magazine, and a num- ber of irresponsible publications needless to name, it will prove instructive and interesting to reproduce a few addi- tional passages from the same volume, in order that they may know and appreciate not only what that authority THE HISTORY OF A LIE 73 said concerning the Jews but also what he thought of the English. On pages 279, 282 and 283 of volume six of "The Talmud and the Jews," after outlining the alleged Jewish plot to gain world dominion, Lutostansky wrote, in 1907 : "The English are typical pure-blooded Israelites. In ancient times they were all red-headed, as we see from the descriptions in the Bible and the New Testament. The characteristic of the Israelites is known to the whole world under the sun. The characteristic of the English, if we follow it closely, does not differ from the Jewish in the slightest degree. Who are the English? This question has long occupied the minds of many people in Europe, as well as in England itself. The universal trading traits of the sons of Albion, their looting politics, based on unfair business, and many other characteristic traits of the nation which are not peculiar to any of the other European na- tions that are even less cultured and civilized that the English all these have long seemed very suspicious and have drawn attention to a certain kinship between the Anglo-Saxons and the Jews. During the past two decades, in England and America, also on the European continent, particularly in France, a whole literature has been created, proving on the basis of many facts, suppositions and historical references, that the origin of the Anglo-Saxon race is not Germanic, but Semitic, that the Eng- lish are the direct descendants of the Israelites, thrown by his- toric fate to the shores of the distant Albion. . . . "Indeed, the lion of Judah, has become the British lion and adorns the coat of arms of the King of England. The harp of King David to this day represents the coat of arms of Ire- land. . . . "But not only are the kings of England the direct descendants of Jewish Kings, they are even seated on the throne of David, on which the ancient Jewish kings were married. This throne, on which Jacob fell asleep on that night when he dreamt of the ladder and when the Lord promised the kingdom tojiis posterity. This stone, called 'the Stone of Fate,' which served for the weddings of Jewish Kings, was brought to Ireland by the prophet Jeremiah. Tergus (?) transferred it to Scotland, whence it was taken to London. 74 THE HISTORY OF A LIE "It is curious to note that many prophecies about this fate of Israel fit England absolutely, as for instance, the prophesy that Israel will become a great nation, a kingdom on islands, ruling over large colonies. "North America is inhabited by the tribe of Menasseh of whom it was said in ancient prophesy that he will become a 'sepa- rate great nation." The very word saxon is derived from Isaac- son, that is the son of Israel. . . . "As one of the signs of kinship between the population of England and ancient Israel, we cannot help pointing out the close similarity between the English and Jewish tribes, the similarity in their manner of speech, and above all, trading as the fundamental characteristic of both nations. . . . "The particular reverence in which the English hold the Bible smacks of the Old Testament of the Jews. Even the preference on the part of the English for long clothes indicates something Asiatic. . . . "Arousing of late the unanimous indignation of the whole civilized world, the English at the same time call forth amaze- ment at their traits, instincts and aspirations which positively make them a monster in the family of cultured and civilized European nations. As the proverb says, there is no family with- out a black sheep. Every monstrosity, however, is to be ex- plained Jews come from Jews." * * * * **** This interesting information is taken from Lutostan- sky's book. Nilus and other writers of the Black Hun- dred camp pictured England in the same manner imme- diately after 1905. It was then the Russian govern- mental policy to discredit England and the Jews in the eyes of the Russian people, and the Black Hundreds were employed by the Tsar as the medium through which to carry on this agitation. The "Black Hundreds" started their campaign in 1905, but their work was so venomous, so absurd and so steeped in ignorance that there were few people even in Russia who paid any attention to it. That the Nilus protocols which were published by the Black Hundreds were not taken seriously in Russia by the reactionaries or even by the Black Hundreds who THE HISTORY OF A LIE 75 sought every means of discrediting the Jews, may be gathered from the fact that in the most stupendous anti- Jewish plot ever devised by the Russian government to justify Jewish massacres, the notorious Beilis case, the protocols published eight years previously were never used by the prosecution, even though it resorted to every foul means that could be conjured up of slandering and vilify- ing the Jewish people. The very persons who were in- strumental in spreading the "protocols" in Russia in 1905 seemed to have realized that the false accusations which they contained were too transparent and too clumsy to deceive even the most credulous, and so they were dis- carded. But suddenly, after the armistice, a new edition of the Nilus book containing the "protocols," dated 1917, made its appearance as suitable to the chaotic conditions that prevailed in Russia and during the past two years, as has been shown, it was reproduced in various countries. This time the antisemitic propagandists are trying to connect the "protocols" directly with Theodore Herzl and the Zionist movement. The war, the peace treaty and bolshevism are characterized as the fulfillment of these "protocols" which they say had been devised no less than 929 years before the birth of Christ, by Solomon and other Sages. The present "protocols" have been elaborated from the "Retclifre-Goedsche" versions by the Russian secret police department and the Black Hundreds who ascribed all the evils in the world to the Jews. The Black Hundred writer, G. Butmi, whose book "Enemies of the Human Race," containing the fabricated speech by a "famous Rabbi" side by side with the "pro- tocols," gives several characteristic passages in his intro- duction that will convey to the reader a clear conception of the type of men who have stood behind the movement 76 THE HISTORY OF A LIE to discredit the Jews through the so-called "protocols." On page 36 of this volume, Butmi wrote: "The French Revolution, which ended in the execution of Louis XVI in 1793, was engineered by England with the aid of the Jews and the Judaized Masons. Only the Jews profited by the French Revolution, even as they profited by the English Revolution, attaining in the general turmoil equal rights with the native population of France." Discussing the traits of the English people and finding a similarity between them and the Jews, Butmi said on page 38: "The British traits are well known all over the world their exceptional selfishness, their inhuman cruelty to foreigners, their inherent instinct of exploitation, their theoretical stupidity are mingled with practical shrewdness and utter brazenness." On page 39 he said : "Meanwhile the Britons have not distinguished themselves in anything, if we are not to take into consideration the fact that being thoroughly incapable of creating their own language, they have by their talent to distort languages given to the present English people a repulsive Judeo-Carthaginian imprint through their shameless self-satisfaction, arrogance and treacherous in- clinations." On page 41 he said : "In 1843 the first lodge of the new Jewish union 'Bnai Brith' was organized in New York. Gradually this Jewish 'Bnai Brith' concentrates in its hands the direction of all Masonic lodges in America, and through them it directs American poli- tics." s T sis iii! iJI! lift lli| J !i s iMS!- 'IJlfti 1 'llmli sg * s oi & i i :i||.||;iilfli|slli!iil!lil-i 78 THE HISTORY OF A LIE [Translation of the Nihts Protocol published in Russia in 1905.] "When we become rulers, we shall regard as undesirable the existence of any religion except our own, proclaiming one God with Whom our fate is tied as the Chosen People, and by Whom our fate has been made one with the fate of the world. For this reason we must destroy all other religions. If thereby should emerge contemporary atheists, then, as a transition step, this will not interfere with our aims. It will serve as an ex- ample to coming generations who will listen to the teachings of the Mosaic religion. By its sound and reasonable system, we have achieved the subjugation of all nations. We shall empha- size its mystic law in which we will say lies all power. "On every occasion we will publish articles in which we will compare our beneficent rule with the past. The benefits of peace, though achieved through centuries of turmoil, will stand out in relief in this era of blessings. The shortcomings of the Gentile administrations will be pictured by us in the darkest colors. We will sow such antipathy toward their governments that the masses will prefer peace in a condition of servitude to the rights of the so-called liberty which so tormented them and destroyed the very springs of human existence and which were exploited by a host of adventures, not realizing what they were doing. The masses will become so satiated with the endless changes of administration, which we instigated among the Gen- tiles when we were undermining their governmental institutions, that they will tolerate anything from us rather than risk under- going again such struggle and hardships. We will especially emphasize the historical mistakes of the Gentle administrations which caused mankind to suffer for many centuries through lack of real understanding in all that concerned its true welfare, pur- suing fantastic projects of social welfare and not noticing that these projects made worse instead of better the state of general relationships which are the basis of human existences. "The chief strength of our principles and measures will lie in that they are put forward and interpreted by us as a sharp contrast to the old and decayed order of society. "Our philosophers will discuss all the shortcomings of the Gentile religions, but no one will be allowed to discuss our re- ligion from the true point of view except our own people. We shall have a fundamental knowledge of it and will never dare to disclose its secrets. THE HISTORY OF A LIE 79 M 17. cB oporoxon !-> Rorfla MH Bo'uapHMca, MH OyaeMi npn KawaoMt yaoOaoM* cay- Tjat cpaBHHBaTb Hame (Saaroe IlpaBJieHie CT> npomauMH OeaajiaCep- EHWB aanHHHCTpan.iaMH... OmnOKii roeBCKHii napcTB-b Oyayrt onu- HBaTbca HaMH B^ caMHXT> apKHX-b KpacKan>: MH nocfceMi tano* npesptHie H orspameHie KT> HHMT>, TTO eapo^H npeflnoTryn. noKott f uapb B% KptnocTHOM-b COCTOHHUI np'aBan> npecjOByrofl CBOfioaH, crojib HaMyiiremea HXT> BI Teienie BtKosi, HcromuBTj cauna BCTOIHHKH cyTnecTBOBaaia, nonnpaesrae npoioaHMuanH, de B*Aato- HHMH, rro TBOpan*. BeanoJiesHiiii, ae (JiaKTo, nepentHH npaBjieHia, Ha KOTOPHH MITT xcb noa6HBajm, Koraa noaKanHBajin HIT. crpofl, ao Toro HUT. Ha<- jiofenan ao Tin nopt, TTO OHH npeanoiryn. npHa>rrb Bee TO, ITO- 3iH mil HaBfl*eMi, Jinmb <5n ne pncKOBatb nepeHcnHTaib nepeatK- Tbia HessroaH n BOJineaia... TfcMT> CoJi'be, TTO MH (5yaeMT>, ny6aHi- ;HO KpHTHKOfl, ocoOeHHO Doa^epKHBatb omuOKD ynpaB-iesiH roes- KHXI npaBaemfl, cTo^bKo B*KOBI> npoxyHirainHxi, leaoBtqecrBO- BeaocraTKOMi cooOpasHTejibHOCTH Ha HCTHHHHJI 6.iara, BT noront a*. ma-s 6un> HtKOTOpan, Mtpu STH yxyamajiH Bceofkuia v nopaaoKT> crpo.s, Ha Koropon> HaniH npHHimnH u utpu 6yayn> HMtib BT> CBOD nojibay TO, HTO- BH 6yayn> Hcro^KOBaHH H BbicrasJieHH, KaKi> xoHtpacrb CT. paano- ;RHBIDHMC^ crapuui nopaaKaMi o^mecTBeHHaro cxpoa. HauiH (pHJioco<pbi Oyayrb oOcywaarb H KpHTHKOBatb BC* eeao- -craTKn roeBCKHTb BtpoBauifl. BT. nein. OHH nani oTBtTUTb e MO- ryrb no OTHomeBitT' Hamen Btpu, noiony STO HHKTO en Taftm. H 9Baen>, xpotcb HamHii rajiHyaiiCTOB'b H paBBitBoBi, a OHH Hnnoratt ae Bbi.aaa.vn> HXT>, noroMy <rro Ha RKXT> ocaoBana cii.ia ynpacaenin . nacTBon Hamea. MH coaaajm OeayMHyw. rpaaByw, oTBpaTHTejibnyio JinrepaTypy. -oco6eHHo BT> crpanaxi, HaausacMuxi nepeaoBUMH. nocnb BCTJTUIP- Hla Hamero BO B.tacib uu HtKoiopoe BpeMS) He aanpcTiiui ea, BO -6yaen> ee ncKopenaTb cTporo KPIITHKOB, ITOH oaa, KBK^ ocra- rsob roeBCKim, pymi, peflbe(pHte oOpncoBHBa^a KOHTpacT ^TO paaaaBaibta 6yaen> CT> Hamefl BUCOTU, CT> rbMT>, HTO Hcioaii oo.iOTa roeBCKmci> FACSIMILE OF THE SAME PROTOCOL CHANGED BY BUTMI IN 1907. 8o THE HISTORY OF A LIE "In countries that are called advanced, we have created a senseless, filthy, and disgusting literature. For a short time after our entrance into power, we shall encourage its existence so that it may show in great relief the contrast between it and the written and spoken announcements which will emanate from our exalted position. Our wise men, educated for leadership of the Gentiles, will prepare speeches, plans, notes, and articles, through which we shall influence their minds, directing them along the lines of knowledge and understanding which we intend them to follow." [Translation of the same Protocol published by Butmi in Russia in 1907, showing the changes made in the Protocols within two years.} "When we become rulers, we shall at each suitable occasion compare our beneficent rule with the former unsystematic ad- ministrations. . . . The mistakes of the administrations of the Gentiles will be pictured by us in the most lurid colors : we will sow such antipathy and hatred toward these governments that the masses will prefer peace and quiet in a condition of servitude to the rights of the so-called liberty which for many ages had so tormented them and destroyed the very springs of human existence and which were exploited by adventurers, who did not realize what they were doing. "The masses will become so satiated with the useless changes of administration, which we instigated when we were under- mining their institutions, that they will accept anything that we may give them rather than risk undergoing again such struggle and disorder. . . . Moreover, we will, through public criticism, especially emphasize the mistakes of the Gentile administrations which caused mankind to suffer for many centuries through lack of real understanding in all that concerned its true welfare, pur- suing fantastic projects of social welfare and not noticing that these projects made worse instead of better the state of general relationships which are the basis of human existence. "Our principles and faith will be especially useful inasmuch as they will be put forward and interpreted by us as a contrast to the old and decayed order of society. "Our philosophers will discuss and criticise the shortcomings of the Gentile religions, but the latter will not be able to an- swer with regard to our faith, for no one is acquainted with THE HISTORY OF A LIE 81 its mysteries except our Rabbis and Tadmudists, and they will never reveal it, for on them depends the power of guiding our flock. "We have created a senseless, filthy and disgusting literature, especially in the so-called advanced countries. For a short time 345 iHTpocn,K> n npoHujwftBOcnw BO spesifr neperoBOposi- b co- Mameaifl, HO m TOUT, <rro aa&jJBaeTc* B <M[moia.ibBuiiv JKIUW EOMT,", HU CyAeiii Aepzmca nporaBonojoxBoft t&smtu a 6yAeMi KasatBca qecrauMH n eroBOpinBtiiiB. TaKiixi o6pa-' son HapoAU H npaBHTejucraa roem, Kotopuxi uu npiymuB cMorpfrrfr TOJBKO na nosasayfo ciopOBy toro, HTO MIJ "nii7. npeacraBaaein, npHicyrb nact eiaf sa (Jjaroilrejea a cua- cmejefl poja qejOBtqecEaro. HaKasjoenpOTBBOAtacTBieMu SO^SHU Curt Bl'COCTOaHiH OTBtTHTb BOBaofi Cl OC* <UM toU 1 crpaHt, Boropaa ocM'MHTca navi npoinBOjtfl- CTBOBiTt, BO, CCJH H COCtjH 9TB 3 a jy MaWIl C.T8JS KO-I-ICETHBHO npOTESl BaCl, TOVU XOJZBQ'.XiTb, OTnopi BCeoCn;efi sofiaofi, FjaBRHfi ycntxx BI DO.IP.TBBB saMKiacTOjiBTi tafiat ft npejt- DpiflTiS: CJOBO HC AWISBO cowacoBaxtca cijtficrBiiH"ABTUOHaTa. 'Ki XBacTBiftMt 01 nonsy maposo saxyvaaiiaro- aan0 njasa, yate Cjnsaiuarocji vt, Boju&rfeaBOiiy Konny, MU'XOJXBU' EUHyajait rocBCKia npaBHTejBCTBa JBO^M o(>n\ecT8eB- nuin, MH"tHieMX, staiini noACTpoeHBMMis B'axn npn noMomn xasi aadiiBaexoB ^sejHBofi Aep? zacu* neiaiB, KOTopaa, sa tte'MHorauit HCBUIIO-. qeuiflMH, c% ROiopuMff c^nraibca ae crojm, eca yze BI pysazi Bamnxi. 'OAHBHI CJIOBOMI, itofo peawmptBaTE Samj cBCTCiry o6f- sjania roeBcsaxi npapaie-iLCTBT. BI Eopoui, uti OABOMy an> BBXI no^ay-eiit CBOK> CH.iy noBymeniaJor, T, e. Teppopoxv, a Bciirt, ecJH aonyc-nrn, axi eoacrasie nporaBi aaci, iiu OTBtTBUl AMepBKaHCKHMB BJB KHTafiCEHMB, HJU npoTOKp.it. MH WJIBU aapyTOitca xaa c5a - ficiin paxa Eamn npOTiiBHiiKn MOMB 6u Bocnb.ibsoBaTtcn naci. Mu AOJSBU oyjein> BiracicBBaii BI CAMUXI TOBBBXI eupaaefliaxi H sarBOSABaxi upaBoeoro c.iOBapn onpaBABBia FACSIMILE OF NILUS PROTOCOL WHICH WAS PUBLISHED IN IOX>5 AND CHANGED BY BUTMI IN 1907. 82 THE HISTORY OF A LIE after our entrance into power we will not prohibit this literature, but will weed it out by means of destructive criticism, in order that, as a remnant of the Gentile ruins, there should be a stronger contrast between the literature that will come down from Our Height and that which emanated from the filthy mud of the Gentile governments." 52 fljw aocrnaceHU storo, BO Bceft Espon*, a CT, noHouu> ea or- BomeHia H na apyrnxi KOHTHHeHrarb, MH aojutsmj cosaaib Gpoxe- Hia, npepeKaalfl. paaaopu n Bpaway. Bi STOMI laoaK&st norwa: BO nepBurb, MH aepJKHM-b BT> ctpax-b BC-B crpaHM, lopomo Btflsuomw. ITO MH BJiacTRU npoiwBcciii ao jKenaBin 693nop^oKR njni BOABO- pim> nopflflOKi> B~b HHXT>. Ont npiiBbiKJiu BsatTb Bi> BacT> neo6xo- AHMOe naB^enie: *u sanymajiu acw. Humu, npomxiymtia n rocydap- ctnetHHue KaGunemu eft:uif>Ho<o noAutnuKOu, JKOHOMU^CCKUMU doto- eofmMu UAU do.izoskiMu oGxiamejittmeaMu. Jlfla AOcriuceBla 3Toro nocatSHaro oOcToaTCjibCTBa BaHi> naao Cbuio Boopyxim>ca 6ojibrao iHTpocibn H aaate npoBHp.iiiBoen> BO spesw neperoBopos-b H oo. rjiamealfl: HO BI> TOUT>, HTO HaauBaeicfl o<p(pucua.ibBuvi> asuKOicb, tof floaatHbi 6ti.iu Kaaaxbca croBop<jnBHMH H npaBaHBHJtH. TOKHM* oCpasom ron, xomopuxi Mtt npijvujiu CMompnmt mojiwo na no- Kainyic ' cmopony mo:o, vmo MU ujut npedcmas.ixeMi, npllHHvaixr* aaei erne sa OjaroatT&aefl H cnacHT&nefl poaa ienoB*TCCiMiro. Ha Kaataoe npoTHBoatflciBie MU TOTOBH orBtmrb npOTHBoatfl- CTBymefl CrpaH* BOSHOD ci coctaaMH. a com iworie Baayiianrfc BOJmeKTHBEO aificruoBaTb npoiuBi Haci>. TO MU 3aBaseu'i> j'sea'b BI> no.iimiKli saK.iwiaeTCH BI> Taflrt ea npea- npbrrlfl: caoBa HC aoji*Hbi cornacoBaibca ci atDcTBUun mrom. N*5. (no pyKonnca nporoitoa-b 2-fl). Haul Beo6xoA*iTMO, iiofu BOQHU Be aaBaait Teppnropiaj&Huxi BHroav 9to nepeeecerb BOO ay na axcmosiRHeeKyn noisy, aa KO- topofl HauiH yCtaarca BI TOJTI>. TTO npeo6aaaaHie BaBHcan, orb nauieu noMomu, a raicoe nojo^eHie Bemett orjacrb out cropouu BT pacnopaxeHie Haraefl UHTepnaoiOHajibBoa areHTj-pu, o6.iaaamen NnioiioHaMK raaai>, B30poBi>, Be nperpawaeHnun. HHKaRiiuH rpaHH- aaioi- Toraa Hamn HBTepHauioBa-ibHua npasa coipyrb set na- poanua npasa 5* Oyayn> x uxn npasuTb raKt. KaRi> rpaxaaBCsoe FACSIMILE OF BUTMI PROTOCOL PUBLISHED IN I9O7, SHOWING THE CHANGE MADE AFTER THE RSVOLUTION. THE HISTORY OF A LIE 83 Thus it is seen that Butmi, publishing his version of the "protocols" in 1907, two years after the Nilus version had appeared, changed the text to suit his pur- poses. In 1905, before the first Russian revolution, the Nilus version of the "protocols" said "we will show one of them our strength by means of violence, that is, by terrorism" After the revolution, Butmi changed this sentence to read "We have shown one of these govern- ments our powers by assassination, by terrorism" And now the introducers of the "protocols" in this country and in Europe are pointing to bolshevism as the fulfillment of the "documents" which have been concocted, elaborated and changed by antisemites to serve the devi- ous political purposes of their masters and their own. The "protocols" came into the world with the trade- mark, "made in Germany" and were elaborated under the auspices of the "Russian Black Hundreds" in their efforts to save the dying Russian autocracy. When the Russian autocracy was overthrown and members of the "Black Hundreds" were scattered in various lands, their financial and "moral" support shattered, they set out in quest of new sources of income. They are now resorting to their old discredited methods in a new environment and thus the poison of the Russian Black Hundreds is being spread in England, Germany, France, the Scandinavian countries, Japan, and even in this country. The voice is the voice of dead despotic Russia, and the hand is the hand of the same "Black Hundreds." And now cowardly anonymous writers are embellishing the "protocols," adding new lies to the old ones, making accusations against the Jews that even Nilus-Lutostansky- Butmi dared not make in darkest Russia. Perhaps some day these new legends and absurd, malicious myths may evolve into a new and revised edition of secret Jew- ish "protocols." 84 THE HISTORY OF A LIE In periods of turmoil and unrest such venomous fab- rications may gain credence among the ignorant and may poison their minds. But, like all anti-semitic myths of old, the new anti-Jewish legends are bound to destroy themselves. A lie shuns the sunlight. It thrives in dark- ness. It cannot survive analysis. The truth will prevail. Israel has no secret protocols, no hidden designs. After all its tribulations, its dream is still of peace, of justice and of human brotherhood. After all the centuries the word that came from Sinai and the message of the prophets of old are still enshrined in its heart. Indeed as has been aptly said: "The Holy Scriptures are the only authentic protocols of the Wise Men of Zion." THE END HERMAN BERNSTEIN RESURRECTION. By Count Leo Tolstoi (Published 1900.) It depicts with a master hand the ocean of life rocked by storm and lulled to sleep and ease. In the splash of every wave is heard the story of human emotions, misery, disen- chantment, suffering, crime, and life, that is true even in art Illustrated. Cloth bound. Price, $1.00; postpaid. FOMA GORDEYEV." By Maxim Gorky. (Published 1901.) This book made Gorky's literary reputation, in Russia, Ger- many and France. It is a most remarkable novel. The New York Evening Post says: "Maxim Gorky, the young 1 Russian poet of the vagabond and the proletariat, the most ardent worshipper at the shrine of Nietzsche and his ideal 'Over-Man,' owes much of his sudden popularity to his per- sonality. The son c-f a poor upholsterer, Gorky was thrown upon hl own resources at the age of nine and since then has experienced a wide range of human emotions, struggles, depravity and misery. Shoemaker, apple peddler, painter, dock-hand, railroad workman, baker and tramp, this unique author had a thousand and one similar occupations, and had even made more than one attempt to take his own life." This version of Foma Gordeyev, is in no way abridged, giv- ing the exact reproduction of the thought and expression of the author. Cloth bound. Price, $1.00; postpaid. THE SEVEN WHO WERE HANGED. By Leonid Andreyev. (Published 1909.) What reviewers say: "It Is by reason of its art even more real, more horrifying, more Impressive than any other Russian fiction translated in a long time. Under the crystal simplicity of Andreyev's style each spirit reveals itslf, stripped of its bodily covering, In its inmost truth." New York Times. "Grewsome because it IB fearfully real. But it la compelling for the same reason." New York World. "It is not a mere morbid probing into th abnormal and horrible. It has its mission. It is a grim and terrible pUsture, and it is painted with tremendous art the art of a Dore." Chicago Inter-Ooean, Cloth bound. Price, $1.00; postpaid. THE FORGED COUPON. By Count Leo Tolstoi. (Pub- lished 1912.) This story shows the successive evil and wrong resulting from the forging of a bank note by a student in need of money. Numerous crimes succeed each other as a result of this first wrong act, until the wave of crime is checked by a poor, ignorant woman and a lame tailor, who follow the real teaching of Christ The book contains also After the Ball, a story of love and military life; Korney Va- sflyev, a story of peasant life; Tolstoi's Tital Humanitarian Ideas, giving the very essence of the fountain-spring and in- centive of all the literary work ever written by this wonder- ful man a peep, as it were, at the power-works of his think- ing machine. Cloth bound. Price, $1.00; postpaid. 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