(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "A history of Long Island, from its earliest settlement to the present time"

Jt'lftmWw', 





pp 

c M.e 

974.701 
KBlro 
v. 2 
1254231 



GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



3 1833 011783179 



A HISTORY 



LONG ISLAND 



From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time 



PETER ROSS, LL. D. 



VOL. 



Till': LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY 

New York and Chicago 



COPYRIGHT, 1002, 
Lewis Publishing Company, 
new york and chu ago. 



1254231 
INDEX. 



BIOGRAPHICAL. 



Abbot, Charles R.. 367 

1 Abbott. Lyman. 35 

Abraham, Abraham, ^60 

( Allan. J. Glen, 247 

\ Alleman, Lewis A. W., 179 
Allen, Charles C, 339 
Altenbrand, Henry, 186 
Ambler, Alfred S., 529 
Applegate, Joseph. 78 
Ashley. John J„ 4.-8 
Aspinall, Joseph, 50 

Babcock. E. Howard, 306 
Backus. Truman J., 24 
Baird, Andrew D.', 80 
Baird, Andrew R„ 381 
Baldwin, Lemuel G„ 99 
Barley, Jonathan W.. 515 
Baron, Theodore S., 353 
Barth, Vincent, 203 
Bartlett, Willard. 27 
Bartlev. Elias H.. 4=14 
Bates. William H„ 253 
Beardsley. W. H., 233 
Beams, James S., 532 
Beasley, Crawford D., 381 
BeatUe, William J., 506 
Becker, Moses, Jr., 253 
Behan. Purvis J., 448 
Belcher, William N., 165 
Bell, A. X„ 4.S6 
Bell, Harry Kent, 513 
Bell, Lucian T., ^02 
Bellows. Charles M., 515 
Bennet. George H. R., 260 
Bennett, Adolphus. 484 
Bennett, Charles C. 207 
Bennett, Clarence E., 111 
Bennett, John C, 206 
Rennett, N. L. Martin. 332 
Bennett, William R„ 495 
Bergen, F. B., 227 
Bergen, Jerome L.. 510 
Bergen, John C, 227 
Bergen, John L., 497 



Bergen, Theodore V., 66 
Bessey. Henry, 164 
Bierbauer, Bruno W., 144 
Black, Robert A.. 43 
Boston, Joseph H., 156 
Bouck, James B., 363 
Bowlsby, William H„ 384 
Bowman, Edward M„ 337 
Rowron, Francis W., 140 
Bradley, William. 493 
Braislin, William C. 159 
Brandt. Randolph, 415 
Brewster. Richard C. 124 
Brinsmade, William B., 252 
Bristol, Homer C. 22<) 
Britton, Edward E., 63 
Britton, Winchester. 58 
Brockway, Albert H., 549 
Brower, David, 406 
Brown. Thomas F... 165 
Browning. William, 39 
Brundage. Albert H., 322 
Brush. Arthur C. 2^6 
Brush, George W.. '422 
Bu'ffum. David. 380 
Burge, John H. H., 193 
Bush. C. Abbott, 226 
Buttling. William J., 517 
Byrne, "Sylvester J.. 549 

Cameron. Lambert V. B.. 90 
Campbell. William A.. 206 
Campbell, William F.. 373 
Cardwell, John C, 152 
Carr. William J., 128 
Case. George C, 176 
Chapin, Edward, 130 
Christ Church, 263 
Church, Charles W., 26 
Church of Our Lady of Perpett 

Help. 466 
Claghorn. Charles, 561 
Clark, Edward. 257 
Clark, Frank H., 446 
Clark, William G., 103 



Close, Stuart, 358 
Colgan, John J., 306 
Comerford, Peter, 374 
Condon, John, 244 
Congress Club, 232 
Conkling. Henry, 131 
Coombs, William J., 216 
Cooper, James B., 371 
Corbin, Job. 242 
Corwith Brothers, 282 
Cowenhoven, John, 537 
Crafts. Francis M. 236 
Crawford, Frederick D., 101 
Creamer, Frank D., 550 
Cropsey, Garrett W., 158 
Cross. Marvin, 134 
Cruikshank. James 295, 
Cruikshank. William J., 3^3 
Cusack, James, 233 
Cuyler, Theodore L., 8 

Da.lv, Michael J.. 464 
Dai ley, John B., 466 
Dana, Francis E., 311 
Darlington, James H., 262 
Davis, Frederick W., 130 
Day. Albert A.. 325 
Dean. Mathew, 232 
Dean, Samuel, 241 
Dean, Thomas, 241 
Delatour, H. Beeckman, 286 
Deubert, John G., 482 
Dewey, Charles O.. 300 
DeWitt, William C, 418 
Dick John H., 333 
Dick. William, 298 
Ditmars, Cornelius, 528 
Ditmas, Abraham I., 159 
Ditmas. Andrew. 261 
Ditmas. John, 100 
Ditmas. John H.. 101 
Dixon, Thomas H., tI2 
Doane, Charles R., 328 
Dobbs. Edward T., 334 
Donohue, George W., 401 



Donolme, Peter J., 40; 
Dooley. Edward J.. 380 
Dooley, Matthew E.. 266 
Doremus, James M., 555 
Doty. George H., 317 
Dower. A. J., 407 
Drury, George. 150 
Duffy, James S., 438 
Dunning. Benjamin. 531 
Duryea. George T.. 7s 
Dusseldorf. Louis M., 547 
Dutcher, Silas B.. 12 
Dykman. William N., 41 

Eddy, fohn G., 553 
Eddy, William H.. 364 
Eddy, William P.. 219 
Ed-. m. Benjamin. [35 
Edwards. Franklin (,.. 541 
hilu ards, ( leorge W . 303 
Elliott, George F., 258 
Ennis. Thomas \ 526 
Enright, Maurice, 504 

Fagan. John F., 225 
Fagan. John J. P., 264 
Fairbairn, Henry A., ^4 
Fa.irclnld. Julian" 1>. 48 
Felter, William L... 27;, 
Ferris, George X.. 10,1 
Ferris, Henry C. R ., 290 
Ferris, [ M., 537 
Field, Frank H.. 32 
Fischer, Henry C, 147 
Fleck. George, 272 
Fleck, George, jr.. 366 
Fleck. Louis IL, 271 
Fleming. Cornelius D.. 272 
Flynn, James F., 505 
Forman, Uexander A.. 506 
Fowler, George R.. 36 
Fowler. Russell S . =51 
Frazer, William X. 127 
Frey. Bortaventure 531 
Friend. Augustus F . 386 
Froelich. Andrew J.. 379 
Fuchs, J M .. 312 
Fuhs, Jacob, 200 
Fulton. Andrew J . 399 
Furey, William, 
Furgueson, Corneliu 
Furguc on. I lornelius, 307 
Ion guesi 111. I laniel F. M., 309 
Furlong, Henry, to8 

1 , 1 111. odore R . 15 
. Gei irge S . Sj 

Gerkei f. ihn, 424 
( Jibson. Samuel. 595 
Gildersleeve, Charles P., 389 

leeve, James E . (no 
Go. ]o eph, 308 
( loincr. (Ikh les, 279 

1 liandli 1 I''.. 47 
Greene, Frank L.. 414 
( tiffing, George I' . 248 
Griffith . William E. 1S3 
Griswold, Stephen M.. 44 



Grout, Edward M., 33 
Guden, Charles . 470 

Haigh. Henry B., 510 
Haight. E. F.. 129 
Halsey, William E., 2,54 
Hamilton, C. Warren, ,570 
Hamlet. Francis P.. 412 
Hanbury, Harry A.. 411 
Hanning. John H„ 178 
Hard. Henrv E.. 300 
Harding, William J.. 280 
I [arrigan, John. 2^7 
Harrington. Mint !>.. 225 
Hart. Charles, 210 
Hartzheim. Charles T., 544 
Hassall, John, 404 
1 faubert, Charles T.. 410 
Haven.. Edwin B„ 94 
Haviland. Charles A.. 192 
Haviland. C. Augustus. 190 
Haviland. Edward W.. 192 
Haviland Family. The. 188 
Heaney. Arthur J., 503 
Hegeman. Peter A., 19 
Held, Charles W. 372 
Henjes, Gerd Henrv. 242 
Henies. Henrv. 242 
Herries. William. 518 
Hester, William. 71, 
Hicks. Gilbert. 142 
Hick-. John R. [98 
Higginbotham, E. Gaston, 496 
Hill, John O. F., 52 
Hill. Orville F... 320 
11,11. William J., 339 
Hillis, Xewell I). 483 
Hillver, Ellison, 383 
Homiston, Ezra W . 95 
Hooper, Franklin W.. 42 
lloonle. Heber X.. 402 
1 Iupkins. George I i . 20S 
1 1, ipkins, Samuel P., 153 
Houghton, Owen E., 3K> 
Howe, James R. [l6 
Hoye. Steohen M.. 397 
Hubbell, C. W.. is; 
Hubbell, William II.. 82 
Huberty, Peter P., 70 
Hughes & Gray, 200 
I tughes & Scanlon. 4N7 
Hughes, Jam.--. (S; 
Hughes, William, uo 
Hunter, John W.. 468 
Huntington Family, The, 17 
Hurd. William B., 204 
Hurd, William B.. Jr.. 20 
I In- ey, Roberl F. .1 . .500 
Huskinson, Ernesl C, 132 
Hutchison, Joseph C. 390 
, .utchinson, Robert < '•.. i'.o 
Hutchinson, William M.. 75 
llutt. J. \\\. 524 

llicn. Manm. ;go 
Ide, Charles W . 72 
dc, I icorgc I-".. 72 
kli II. in ■> . 70 



Ide. Henrv E.. 71 
Imlay. W. T. B. S.. 415 
Ingalls, janie- W.. 86 
Ingraham, Henry C. M., 430 
Ingraham. Richard, 431 
Ingraham, William M., 431 
Ives, Alfred E., 400 
Ives. Edwin S., 221 
Ives. Robert F.. 27S 

Jackson, T. G.. 7,1, 
Jacobson. Artliur C.. 241 
Jaquillard. Harry. 402 
Jameson. P. Chalmers, 177 
Barrett. Arthur R.. 118 
Jarvie. William. 480 
Jenkins. John A.. 543 
Jewell. Ditmas, s7 
lewett. Charles. 42 
jewett. Henry S.. 125 
Johnson, James W., 530 
Johnston. William H.. 133 
Jones. Frank S.. 96 
Jones. Henrv 0.. 305 
Jurgens, William B. A.. 536 

Keenev. Seth L.. 40 

Kelly, Patrick F . 313 

Kellv Wilham. [82 

Keowen. Samuel S. 238 

Keppy, Frederick B.. 240 

Ketcham, Herbert T., 516 

Kimball, John W., 478 

King. James S.. 550 

Kings County Trust Company, 48 

Kinne, William 177 

Knapp, Oscar, 231 

Kneeland Stillman F, 200 

Kmght. William. 511 

K ichler. Alvm (',.. 122 

Kouwenhoven, William I.. 208 

Kraemer. Frederick ( ).. 318 

Kramer. William. ?I5 

Kulm ( leorge R M., 485 

Kuhn. John R.. 74 

Kulm, Louis 1 )eB., 554 

Lake. Jacobus, 473 
Lake. William B., 472 
Lamadrid. Julio L. 1 1 ? 
Lamb. Alhcrt F... 88 
Lawrence. Andrew W., 441 
Law son, 1. I... 131 
Lefferts Family. The 303 
Lefferts. John. Jr., 303 
Leiter, Joseoh G., 319 
Lemon, Andrew. 221 
Leonard. Algernon S. 122 
Lester. John C. 324 
Levench. Daniel T., 274 
Lewis. Leroy F, 370 
Lewis. Nelson P., jS,, 
Leyendecker. Charles J.. 521 
Leyendecker Family, The. 520 
Leyendecker. John. 542 
Leyendecker, Fohn L. 521 
I eyendecki r, Peter I .-eph. Siv. 520 
Leyendecker. Peter Joseph. Jr.. 520 



INDEX. 



Libbey. George E.. 401 
Lienau, Rudolph C. M.. 417 
Lindsav, George H.. 250 
Linz, John M.. 102 
Littleton. Martin W. 395 
Lloyd. Thomas M., 166 
Lott, Jere. 139 
Lott, Jurien. 306 
Lott. Simon B.. 297 
Lucas, David F., 277 



Maddren. William. --,62 
Mag.ll.gan. Francs J.. 45. 
Magilligan. Lawrence P. 
Maillie, John F.. 202 
Malone, Joseph \V.. 276 
Manufacturers' Trust Co., 
Mapp, Cortez J.. 224 
Marlovv. William. 14(1 
Marvin. Cornelius A.. 4S; 
Masters. Hibbert B.. 180 
Mason, Lewis D., ss6 
Mason, Theodore L.. 556 
Matson. Nathaniel, 127 
Matthews, Azel D.. 53 
Matthews. Gardiner D.. 
Maxwell, William J., 143 
McCaddin, Henry, Sr., rs 
McCaddin, Henry, Jr., is 
McCoy, Daniel J.. 179 
McDougal, Kenneth. 229 
Mclnnes. James H.. 546 
McKelway, St. Clair, 28 
McKeon, John S.. 180 
McLaughlin. Hugh. 92 
McLean. Andrew. 361 
McLean. Henrv C, 278 
McMillan, Lewis A., 315 
McXaughton. George. 30 
Medicus. Charles H.. 104 
Melody, William E., 264 
Meltzer. Frederick, 319 
Gottfried. 294 
John. 539 
Israel L. 432 
1 J-". J 
Imon G.. 396 
Adrian, 14 



M., 486 



II 



?49 



Meltzer 

Meltzer 
Merntt, 
Merritt. Isra- 
Merwin. Alrr 
Mesi 

Meserole, Wa 
Meserole, William 
Meurer, Jacob. 16 
Michaels. Aaron J 
Michell. Henry W. 557 
Miles Alfred S.. 490 
Miller. Ezra. 47 
Miiler. Franklin P., 66 
Miller, Jordan G., 66 
Mills, William j.. <oi 
Mirick, Horatio G.. 148 
Moffett. James. 373 
Monfort. Peter A.. 140 
Mm,, re. W. F., 542' 
Morgan. James F.. 268 
M,rri~. Samuel D., 64 
Moser, John M., 109 
Mosher, Burr B., 104 
Mosscroo, Thomas D.. 
Muren. G. Morgan, 207 
Murphy, John. 539 



433 



10;, 



Naumer, John, 271 
Xeal. John K.. 50? 
Needham Family. The. 351 
Needham, George A.. 358 
Needham, Henry C. ^S7 
Needham. Henrv M., ;;; 
Neefus, John F., 505 
Nehrbas, Fred M.. 121 
Newman, Charles F., 267 
Newton, Albro J.. 314 
Nichols. Louis L., 321 
Nicholson, Angus S.. 565 
Nissen, Ludwig, 84 
Noil. George H, 270 
North, Nelson L.; ; 4 =; 
North. Nelson L„ Ir.. 91 • 
Northridge, William A.. 196 

Obermaver. Charles T.. 378 
O'Brien. Henrv L. 86 
O'Brien, P. S., 249 
Ogden, Robert C . tig 
1 »gden, Willi. L., in 
Olcott, Charles A., 404 
Olcott. Cornelius, 4 1 8 
O'Leary, William J.. 251 
Oltrogge, John F.. 212 
( >rr, Alexander E.. 33 

Page, Emmett D., 77 
Palmer. Ernest. 210 
Palmer, William H. 420 
Parker. Clinton B.. 210 
Parker, DeWitt L„ 554 
Parker. Virgil F.. 164 
Parrott, Malcolm E.. 487 
Partridge, Frank J.. 543 
Patchen. Edward F.. 357 
Patterson. Charles J .. 57 
Patterson. William H. 494 
Pauly. F. G„ 208 
Pearce. Eugene F., 170 
Pelletreau. Vennette F„ 4^0 
Perkins. Frank K., 255 
Perry, Chauncy, S47 
Perry. Timothy. 15 
Peters, Bernard, 184 
Peters. Thomas P., 184 
Pettit. George H. 256 
Philips. William E., 1S7 
Phipps. Charles L.. 509 
Pilcher. Lewis S.. 136 
Polak, John O.. 139 
Poole. J. W.. 213 
Port. William H. 123 
Pouch. Francis E., 312 
Poulson, Niels, 204 
Powell, Henry A.. 185 
Pratt, William H. B.. 114 
Putnam Family, The. 434 
Putnam, Nathaniel D.. 435 
Putnam, William A., 435 

Ouinlan. Thomas A., 202 
Quinn, John R.. no 

Rae, William IV. 332 
Ramsdell, William M . 02 
Rankin & Ross. 26s 



Rankin. James I).. 265 
Rankin, William H„ 405 
Rapalje, Cornelius, 168 
Rapalje and Allied Families, 168 
Rapalje, Peter. 239 
Raoalje, Williamson, 67 
Rappold, Julius C. 514 
Raymond, Joseph H, 387 
Reed, George E., 31S 
Reiss. Bert. 196 
Reinsert. Jacob. 331 
Remsen, Jacob D., 142 
Remsen, Richard. 240 
Remsen. Tunis S.. 334 
Remsen, William, 352 
Reynolds, Edwin, 222 
Reynolds, George G.. s6 
Richardson, John E., 413 
Richardson, William, 412 
Rickard, Wilbur L.. 143 
Ridley, Edward. 42s 
Rippier, Edwin T„ '274 
Roach. James F., 230 
Roe. Samuel D„ 149 
Roehr, Henrv E.. =0 
Ross, Frank H. 288 
Ross. James. 265 
Ross, lames R., 408 
Roussel, Adolph N.. 286 
Russell, fames F... 336 
Russell, William G., 161 
Ryan. Nicholas, 265 

Sandhusen, George, 281 

Scanlon, Edward, 487 

Schenck, Gilliam. 152 

Schenck, John G, =,27 

Schenck. Stephen R.. 383 

Schieren, Charles A.. 16 

Schirmer, William C. 3S0 

- m.lt. John A.. 154 
oeder, \\ illiam, 1 12 
ield, Frederick E., 558 
t. k.itus L.. 254 

Seaver. Alfred D., 177 

Seely Familv. The, 320 



1. Nicholas, 416 

Selding, Edward F..de. 467 
Seventh District Republican Club, 

363 
Sharkey. Robert A.. 382 
Shearman. Thomas G.. 7 
Shepard. Edward M.. 51 
Sheppard. John E.. 87" 
Sherman. Wesley, 221 
Shevlin, M. J.. 511 
Silliman. Beniamin D., 29 
Simmons. William. 1 10 
Siqueland. Theodor, 74 
Sizer, Nelson, '7,, 
Sizer, Nelson B„ 477 
Skene. Alexander J. C. 54 
Sloane. Louis L. 440 
Smith, Bryan H, 22 
Smith. Evan F„ 43(1 
Smith. Heman P.. 385 



VI 



INDEX. 



Smith, Thomas C, 198 

Smith, Wesley W.. 5" 

Somers, Arthur S., 530 

Spence, Thomas B., 270 

Sperry, James A., 316 

Sprague, Nathan T., 68 

Sprole. Samuel M., 374 

St. Agnes' Parochial School, 505 

St. Agnes' Roman Catholic Churcl 

438 
St. Michael's Ger. Rom. Catholi 

Church, 531 
St. Paul's Church, 342 
St. Paul's School, 343 
Stanton, J. J.. 24? 
Steers, Alfred E, 228 
Stegman, Lewis R., so8 
Stewart, William H., 287 
Stillwell Ancestors. The. 213 
Stillwell, Charles R.. in 
Stillwell, Daniel, 382 
Stillwell, George. 211 
Stillwell. George W., 349 
Stillwell. Georsre W., Jr.. 347 
Stillwell, John M.. j,co 
Stoll. Charles. jjf> 
Stoll, William W., 444 
Stoppani, Charles F., 558 
Story, Jeremiah T., 166 
Story. William H.. 227 
Stranahan, Clara H.. 5 
Stranahan, J. S. T„ 1 
Straus, Max 11., 354 
Strong, William A.. 252 
Stryker Family, The, 452 
Stryker, Cornelius S.. 454 
Stryker, Gerrit, 27 
Stryker, Jaques S., 284 
Sullivan. John D., 356 
Suydam, Abraham V., 522 
Suydam, Daniel Lott, 304 
Suydam, Evert, ->jX 
Suydam. Henry, 364 
Suydam. Jerome A.. 255 
Swanstrom. J. Edward, 28 
Szigethy. Charles A. II. de, 73 

Talmage, E. T. II., 104 



Talmage Family. The. 104 
Talmage, John F., 107 
Talmage, J. V. T., 104 
Tandy, Charles W., 205 
Tavlor, Thomas W., 552 
Thompson, John k.. 502 
Th..mp-,,n "l,.-eph M, 48s 



3I> 



Tomes. William A„ 168 
Totten, Joseph, 303 
Tremaine, A. H.. 541 
Trieschmann, George C. M., 89 
Troy, James. 31 
Tully. James H., 144 
Turner, Francis S., 527 
Turner, William J., 200 
Tuthill. Charles E„ 261 

Valentine. Richard K., 377 
Vallette, Marc F., 245 
Van Anden, Isaac, 31 
Van Brunt, Allien H., 498 
Van Brunt, Cornelius B., 129 
Van Brunt. Jaques, ^^ 
Van Brunt, J. Holmes. 282 
Van Brunt. Rulef J.. 347 
Vanderbilt, John. 391 
Vanderveer, Jacob P., 375 
Vanderveer. John W., 1.32 
Vanderwerken Familv. The. 44^ 
Van Note, Frank L.. 158 
Van Pelt, John V.. 476 
Van Pelt, Townsend C, 474 
Voorhees, William K.. 538 
Voorhies, Henry V. D., 297 
V lorhies, lames B., 223 
Vorhees, A. Van Brunt. 38 
Vorhees, John A., 39 

Wackerhagen, George, 214 
Wade. James D.. W4 
Wade. John E., 145 
Waldo. George E., 534 
Walker, Fayette C. 220 
Warbasse. James P., 126 
Ward, Edward G., 49 
Ward, Frederic A.. 52 



Warren, Charles J., 492 
Weed, Marcus A., 307. 
Weir. James, Jr.. 138 
Weisbrod, Frederick, 489 
Weismann, Henry, 403 
Wells, Thomas L„ 209 
Welty, George W., 145 
Wemmell, A. Andrew, 91 
West, Frank E.. 140 
Westfall. Dedrick M., 83 
Whitcomb, Byron. 392 
White Familv, The, 291 
White. John, "82 
White, Laselle H.. 310 
White, Stenhen V.. 20 
Whitney, Daniel D.. 471 
Whitney Familv, The, 470 
Wight, Jarvis S„ 23 
Wight, J. Sherman, 24 
Wilbur. Lionel A., 417 
Wilder, Leonard G.. 135 
Willard. Frank A., 181 
Williams, Francis F., 426 
Williams, Philip T.. 513 
Williamson, Stephen S., 548 
Willis. Theodore B„ 156 
Wilson. Francis H„ 560 
Winans, William M., 230 
Winfield, James M., S33 
Woll, Frederick. 137 
Wood. Walter C, 25 
Woodford, Stewart L., 463 
Woodhull Family. The. i6r 
Woodruff, Timothy L., 35 
Worth, Lewis R.. 310 
Wrav. Albert A., 182 
Wright. Charles W, 551 
Wright. Henrv C. 234 
Wright. James, J48 
Wunderlicb F. W.. 523 
Wvckoff Familv. The, 120 
Wyckoff. Peter', 120 

Yeaton, Moses, 2" 

Young. Charles F.. 366 
Young, Charles S°. 324 

Zabriskie, John B.. 409 



HIST! )RY ( )F L( ).\(, ISLAND. 



season, he entered the district schools, and there 
acquired his early education, which was later sup- 
plemented by several terms of study in an academy. 
From the age of seventeen he depended entirely 
upon his own resources. After completing his aca- 
demical work he engaged in teaching school, with 
the intention of later fitting himself for the pro- 
fession of civil engineer: but the occupation of trad- 
ing with the Indians in the northwest seemed to 
offer greater inducements, and in [829 he visited the 
upper lake region, fie made several trips into the 
wilderness, and these, together with the advice of 
General Lewis Cass, then governor of the territory 
of Michigan, led him to abandon that plan, and he 
returned to his home. 

The elemental strength of his character was first 
clearly demonstrated by his work in building the 
town of Florence. Xew York. From his boyhood 
he had known Gerrit Smith, the eminent capitalist 
and philanthropist, who in 1832 made him a propo- 
sition according to the terms of which he was to go 
to Oneida county. New York, where Mr. Smith 
owned large tracts of land, and found a manufac- 
turing town. He was then a young man of only 
twenty-four years, hut the work was successfully 
accomplished, and the village of Florence. Xew 
York, was transformed into a thriving little city 
of between two and three thousand. His active 
identification with things political began during the 
period of his residence in Florence, for in 1838 
he was elected to the state legislature on the Whig 
ticket. 111 a Democratic district. 

A broader held of labor soon engaged the atten- 
tion and energies of Mr. Stranahan. who in 1840 
removed to Newark, New Jersey, and became an 
active Eactoi m railroad-building. In 1844 he came 
to Brooklyn, and from that tune until his death he 
was a most potent factor in the commercial life, the 
political interests and the general upbuilding of the 
city. He found 11 a municipality with but fifty 
thousand inhabitants. Me went to the city a com- 
parative stranger. For some decades prior to his 
death he was known as "the lir-i citizen of Brook- 
lyn." Therein is found an expression of the high 



public affa 
a grateful 



mayor, hut his party was in the minority and he 
was defeated. His personal attributes at that time 
were not so well known as they were in later years, 
and thus he could not overcome the party strength 
of In, opponent. However, his nomination served 
the purpose of bringing hipi before the public, and 
in 1854, when the country was intensely excited 
over the slavery question, he became a candidate for 
congress, and, although he was a stroDg anti-slav- 
ry man and the district was Democratic, he was 
triumphantly elected. In 1857, when the Metropoli- 
tan Police Commission was organized, he was ap- 
pointed a commissioner, and he was one of the most 
active members of the board during the struggle 
between the new forces and the old Xew York 
municipal police force of New York, Brooklyn and 
Staten Island, who revolted under the new leader- 
ship of Fernando Wood, then mayor. Mr. Strana- 
han had joined the ranks of the new Republican 
party on its organization, and in 1864 he was a 
presidential elector on the Lincoln and Johnson 
ticket In i860, and again in 1864. lie had been sent 
as a delegate to the Republican national convention, 
ami at both times supported the Illinois statesman. 
Lincoln, for the presidency. During the Civil war 
he was president of the War Fund Committee, an 
organization formed of over one hundred leading 
men of Brooklyn, whose patriotic sentiment gave 
rise to the Brooklyn Union, a paper which was in 
full accord with the governmental policy, and up- 
held the hands of the president in every possible 
way. Its purpose was to encourage enlistments and 
to further the efforts of the government in prose- 
cuting the war. Mr. Stranahan had an unshaken 
confidence in the ultimate triumph of the Union 
cause, and his splendid executive ability and unfal- 
tering determination were of incalculable benefil 111 
promoting the efficiency of the committee. His 
labors, too, were the potent element in carrying for- 
ward a work in which this commission was asso- 
ciated with the Woman's Relief Association, of 
which Mrs. Stranahan was president. This work 
was the establishment of a great sanitary fair, which 
has become historical and which was the means of 
raising four hundred thousand dollars to carry on the 
work of the sanitary commission in connection with 
the war. Mr, Stranahan never sought public office for 
himself except in the few instances mentioned, and 
then his nomination came as a tribute to his ability. 
In 1888. however, he was an elector lor Benjamin 
Harrison, ami being the oldest member of the elec- 
toral college, was honored by being appointed the 
messenger to carry the electoral vote from the Stale 
of Xew York 10 Washington. 

It is almost impossible to give in a brief bio- 



HIST< >RY ( IF 



L< >\< 



i si. a: 



graphical sketch an accurate record of the great 
work which Mr. Stranahan did in connection with 
the upbuilding of Brooklyn. His name is a famil- 
iar one in the city on account of his labors in he- 
half of the park system. Under the legislative act 
of i860 he became president of the Brooklyn Park 
Commission, and he remained in office for twenty- 
two years, a period in which the growth of the city 
made demands for a park system that under his 
guidance was developed, and carried forward to 
splendid completion. Prospect Park is an everlast- 
ing monument to him. He was also the originator 
of the splendid system of boulevards, the Ocean 
Parkway and the Eastern Parkway, which has pro- 
vided in Brooklyn a connection of the city with 
the sea in a system of drives unsurpassed by any 
in tile world. The concourse on Coney Island also 
resulted from his instrumentality. The element 
which made Mr. Stranahan's work different from 
that of all others, was that he could foresee p' la- 
bilities. It was this which led to the development 
of Coney Island, for to him it seemed that the natu- 
ral boundary of Brooklyn on the southwest was the 
Atlantic ocean, and he took steps to secure the rare 
advantage of an attractive highway from the city 
to the sea. It seems that every work with which 
he was connected proved of the greatest value to 
the city. 

The enterprises which he managed were gigantic 
in volume and far-reaching in effect. For more than 
forty years he was a director of the L'nion Ferry 
Company, and under his guidance were developed 
the great Atlantic docks. Brooklyn had no ware- 
house on its water front and the region which is 
now the Atlantic docks was shallow water at the 
edge of the bay when he came to the city. He fore- 
saw the possibilities for commerce by establishing 
docks at this point, and he labored with a courage 
and patience that has scarcely been equaled in the 
history of material improvement in the world. It 
was twenty-six years from the time be advanced his 
plans for the dock system before the Atlantic Dock 
Company made a dividend to its stockholders, and 
yet to-day its shipping returns are greater than 
those of almost any other port of the world. Only 
to the civil engineer is the scope of this wonderful 
undertaking familiar. One who has not studied the 
science can not conceive of the amplitude of this 
work. Mr. Stranahan was also connected with the 
Brooklyn Bridge Company from its organi ation, 
and was .me of the first subscribers to its stock; he 
was a member of the board of directors of the New 
York Bridge Company, and be served continuously 
as trustee from the time the work came under the 
control of the two cities until June 8. 1885. At the 



the chair as president of the board, and at that time 
Ills term expired. Hi- also served continuously as 
a member of the executive committee, and upon 
nearly all of the important committees appointed 
during construction. He foresaw the immense vol- 
ume of traffic that would be conducted over this 
mammoth span, and insisted that the original plans 
should be altered to insure to the giant structure 
strength sufficient to enable it to carry a train of 
Pullman cars. Mr. Stranahan consulted with Com- 
modore Vanderbilt, who agreed with him ill the 
opinion that the time would arrive when solid Pull- 
man trains would run in and out of Brooklyn from 
and to far western points. 

The following speech, delivered by Mr. Strana- 
han. May X, 1883, at the annual banquet of the 
Chamber of Commerce of the City of New York, 
in response to the following toast. "The ('.real 
Bridge the Engineering Triumph of the Nineteenth 
Century; us Originators and Directors, for Their 
Patience. Fidelity and' Zeal, Deserve Everlasting 
Gratitude; its Constructors Achieve Immortal Fame 
and its Complete Success," is reproduced for three 
reason-.— because it is historic, because it is a liter- 
ary gem. illustrative of Mr. Stranahan's convincing 
Style of oratory, and because it contains bis views 
in regard to the unii.ii of the two cities: 

Mr. President and Gentlemen: 

I cannot, in responding to the toast which you have 
just read, do less, and will not attempt more, than to 
make a brief reference to the East River bridge. 

That bridge, so long the object of public thought, 
and not infrequently the target of newspaper criticism, 
now substantially finished and destined in a short 
time to be opened for general use, needs no eiflogy 
from my lips. There it stands, its own orator; and 
there for generations it will stand, its own historian. 
It will for ages be one of the attractions and one of 
the wonders of thisgn-.it metropolitan center. Itsfame 
will be world-wide ; and the foreign traveler who seeks 
these shores will feast his eyes ami gratify his curiosity 
in gazing upon a structure that now has no parallel in 
any of the products of human art. 

'The past history of the bridge is so lost in the 
reality of the present, that the briefest reference 
thereto will suffice for the occasion. I hardly need say 
that the construction of this work has, at all times, 
been under the supervision of men of acknowledged 
integrity; and that, for the past eight years, the mayors 
ami comptrollers of the two cities have been members 
of the board of trustees. I know of no public work 
that has been conducted with greater economy or a 
stricter regard for the general good. Though the 
trustees have often been sharply criticised by the 
loose talker and the newspaper scribbler, they have 
steadily and persistently pursued their work, confi- 
dent that time and the result would be their best vin- 
dication. 

High honor should be awarded to the chief engin- 
eers, the elder and the younger Roebling, the former 



HISTORY OF LONG 1SLAXD. 



of whom hist his life, and the latter his health, in a 
work si i ond to no other of its kind in any age. The 
skill and pains-taking labor of the assistant engin ers, 
having the immediate charge of the work, have 
attracted the attention and won the admiration of 
evi rj nt< lligi iii \ isitor to the bridge. 

The original estimate was that the bridge would 

mst S7, , and the land on which it rests has 

cost §3,800,01 0, making an aggregate cost of 810,800,- 
000. The actual mst, including the land taken, is 
about 815,000,000. This estimate, however, did not 
contemplate such a structure as the one that now 
exists. The height of the bridge was increased in 
obedience to the order of the general government, 
and its width and strength by the direction of the 
trustees. The bridge, as actually constructed, will 
support the freight and passenger trains of the trunk 
railways of the country. It has two carriage roads, 
instead of one, as at first intended. The original plan 
was that the approaches to the bridge should be 
simple iron trestle-work, for which the trustees thought 
it expedient to substitute massive arches of brick and 
granite. The cables and suspended structure are 
compiosed of steel, instead of iron. In a word, the 
bridge, as it now is. if it has cost more than the origi- 
nal estimate, is not the bridge that was contemplated 
in that estimate. It is higher, wider and composed of 
stronger material. It furnishes an elevated highway 
between the two cities that is wider than Broadway. 
These changes, in the way of improvement, abun- 
dantly explain the increase of cost. They were ' 
needed to make the bridge wdiat it should be. 

I feel confident that, on the opening of the bridge, 
the opinion of the general public will confer with that 
of a distinguished member of the chamber, who, after 
a walk with me over the structure, exclaimed, as we 
came near the New York side: "Well, I had no idea 
of the magnitude of this work. It is, indeed, grand in 
its conception, and, if possible, grander still in the 
courage o f its execution." The bridge told its own 
story to that gentleman; and that story it will repeat 
in the ears of millions. To stand upon it, and see it, 
and see all that it reveals to the eye, is to admire. All 
sense of danger and all ideas of weakness at once dis- 
appear. The marvel is that human power, even when 
availing itself of natural laws, could produce such a 
result. 

I do not know, Mr. Chairman, whether you have 
heard it or not; yet I may as well say that the people 
of Brooklyn have an idea in regard to this bridge 
which is quite sure to reveal itself at no distant 
period. Brooklyn, as you are aware, is by the East 
river isolated from the main land. The people of 
thai i it) hope that the bridge will remove that isola- 
tion, and pint them m due, i railway communication, 
not only with New York city, but with all parts of the 
country. This will greatl) serve their convenience 
and promote their prosperity. New York will cer- 
tainly not object, and will not be the loser. If a 
bridge over the Harlem rivei connects New York 
u nh the mam land, why should not a bridge over the 
East nver perform a similai service in behaH of 

Brookly n and I ong Island ? Brooklyn i 

utilizing the bridge to this end; and fortunately the 
end can be gained without anj serious disturbance of 
existing i olid il ions in the city of New York. 

'I he Sei ond \\ einie railway has, betwi en the 
Harlem rivei and L'wenty-third street, sufficient 
width foi foul trai ks,and, between this street and the 



possible to utilize it to the full extent of giving to- 
Brooklyn and the system of railroads on Long Island 
an outlet through the Hudson river anil New Haven 
roads to all parts of the country. This view contem- 
plates no public or private concessions on the part of 
the city of New York. It rests simply upon that busi- 
ness theory which so strongly marks the great trunk 
lines of the country, and to which the Hudson river 
and New Haven roads are no strangers. Though 
Brooklyn does not expect to rival the commercial 
grandeur of the greater city, she does expect in this 
way to be put in rapiid and easy connection with the 
outside world, and, by her extended water front, by 
her capabilities of indefinite territorial expansion, and 
by her numerous attractions as a place of residence, 
to maintain, at the least, her past record in the growth 
of population and wealth. 

Mr. Chairman, Brooklyn has another idea, and has 
long had it, the accomplishment of which she hopes 
will be facilitated by this bridge The Thames flows 
through the heart of London, and the Seine through 
the heart of Paris; but in neither case have you two 
cities. It is London on both sides of the Thames, and 
Fans on both sides of the Seine. The corporate 
unity is not dissevered by either river. Numerous 
bridges make the connection between the two sides in 
both cities; and it is best for both that it should be so. 
The population on neither side would be advantaged 
by being split up into two municipalities. Here, how- 
ever, we have our New York city and our Brooklyn, 
with the Last river rolling between them. They are 
distant cities, in immediate contiguity with each other, 
and separated by a water highway. Is this distinct- 
ness of municipality any advantage to either ? I 
think not. Would the consolidation of these two 
cities into one municipal corporation be any harm to 
either ? 1 think not. The people are the same peo- 
ple, have the same manners and customs, and have 
common commercial and social interests; and one 
municipal government would serve them quite as well 
as two, and at far less cost, f know of no reason why 
this distinctness should be continued other than 
the fact that it exists; and I confess I see no good 
reason why it should exist at all. I may be mistaken, 
but I think that the public sentiment of Brooklyn 
would cordially welcome a consolidation of the two 
cities under the title of New York. The East River 
bridge, now superadded to the ferry system, will, as 
Brooklyn hopes, so facilitate their mutual 
that both, without any special couitshi] 
side, will alike ask the legislature of the State to 
enact the ceremony of a municipal 1n.1rn.1-4e; and if 
this shall be done, then I venture to predict that each 
will be so happy and so well content with the other 
that neither will ever seek a divorce. 

1 have thus, Mr. Chairman, briefly responded to 
the toast upon which I have been asked to speak; 
and, as I close, I cannot forbear to express the solid 
satisfaction which the trustees, who have lor years 
given an unpaid service to the construction ol the 
Fast River bridge, now feel, not only in view of its 
completion, but also of the character of the result 
attained. They will pass away; generations will come 
and go; but the monument will live. Centuries will 
roll away; and the bridge, though it may glow old in 
years, and in the far distant future be studied and 
us, ,1 as ili, produi 1 of a by-gone age. will still retain 
its strength. The cables will not snap, and the towers 
will not fall. The anchorages will be true to their 
trust. The massive arches will not collapse. The 
steel and granite will not rot. 1- ire will not burn thi- 



ther 



HIST! IRY < )F L( >NG ISLAND. 



bridge. Freight trains and Pullman cars will nut 
break it. The winds will not shake it. Time and 
toil will not fatigue it. Its youth ami age will he alike 
periods of vigor. That bridge. Mr. Chairman, was 
built to stand; and stand it will— so long that we may 
well call it immortal. 

Mr. Stranahan's work in another regard largely, 
brought about the union of Brooklyn and New York. 
Long before the consummation of the project, he was 
one of the strongest advocates.; in fact, he was the 
first man to put forth the idea. lie viewed the ques- 
tion from the standpoint of a statesman, and worked 
upon the subject with the ability ami skill of a dip- 
lomat. He realized that the completion of the 
Brooklyn bridge was a step toward the ultimate 
success of this condition. He realized that the cost 
of maintaining one central city government would 
he much less than two, and the work in all the de- 
partments might be far more effective, and he lived 
to see the consummation of his hopes. 

Mr. Stranahan was twice married. In early man- 
hood he wedded Marianne Fitch, who was horn in 
Westmoreland, Oneida county, New York, and was 
a daughter of Ebenezer R. Fitch. For three year-, 
from 1837 unt 'l i$-\o. they resided in Florence, New 
York, and during their four years' residence in New- 
ark. New Jersey, their two children were born. 
Mrs. Stranahan died in Manchester. Vermont, in 
August. t866, after twenty-two years' residence in 
Brooklyn. Mr. Stranahan afterward, married Miss 
Clara C. Harrison, a native of Massachusetts. Be- 
fore her marriage she was one of the leaders | n 
educational circles in Brooklyn, and for a number 
of years was principal of a private seminary for the 
Tiigher education of young ladies, which had an en- 
rollment of two hundred pupils, and fourteen teach- 
ers and professors in its various departments. She 
is a graduate of Mrs. Emma Willard's far-famed 
seminary, of Troy. New York. She took a very 
active part in the great sanitary fair as a member 
of the committee on art. and of the committee on 
the postoffice and "Drum Beat." the latter a paper 
issued daily during the continuance of the fair, and 
of which Dr. Storrs was editor. From the post- 
office many hundred letters of greatly varied charai 
ter were distributed. A volume of autograph letters, 
chiefly from statesmen conspicuous at that time. 
were collected and hound through her agency, and 
brought several hundred dollars into the treasury. 
Mrs. Stranahan has ever been an active promoter 
of educational interests. She is a "founder" and the 
Brooklyn trustee of Barnard College. She i- also 
vice-pn sident of the alumnse association of her alma 
mater. She is an ardent advocate of the higher 
•education of women, and in that direction 1- always 



ready to respond to the call for any aid which her 
influence, her presence 01- her pen can give. She has 
become widely known throughout the country as one 
of the most prominent members of the Daughters 
of the American Revolution Tracing her ancestry 
from those who fought for the liberty of the colo- 
nies, she became a member of the organization and 
was elected one of its vice-presidents-general, the 
highest tributes they have paid to her ability as a 
presiding officer and as a parliamentarian; hut her 
prominence in these lines is not less pronounced 
than her fame in the field of literature. She has 
written much upon many articles of interest to the 
public at the lime when her pen gave to the press 
iln- written documents, and her opinions have car- 
ried weight and influence! These, however, having 
served their purpose, have passed from the public 
mind, yet she has a masterpiece of literature in her 
volume, called "A Hisforj of French Painting." The 
fly-leaf of the work is inscribed as follows: 



a lv pert eption of the 
u inanity. 



ii nl.ed m recognition of 
:e to others through his 
of kinship, citizenship, 



The work received the highest praise in artistic 
and literary circles in this country and in Europe. 
The following extract from a . review of the work 
by the able editor of the Eagle, Mr. McKelway. is 
lure pn iduced : 

MRS. STRANAHAN'S PEN. 

( )f the things which she might have done and still 
have had her book pass current as a history, Mrs. 
Stranahan did neither. Sin- might have contented 
herself with the dates and names and general allu- 
sions, or she might have made a pleasant little trip 
along the path of Fre.nch art development, picking 
u]. a few [lowers here and there, tying them into chap- 
ters and calling them a history. There are few cases 
in all literature in wdiich the application of the word 
history is not to a great extent a sort of beneficent 
libel, but that of Mrs. Stranahan's production is a 
most notable exception. It needs the eye of no artist, 
either amateur or professional, to see at a glance what 
she had to do. There is not a page of the book that 
does not tell its own eloquent storv of toil, which 
would have shaken the purposes of any but the most 
resolute of women. The work would have been arduous 
enough t a'.! the materials which she has utilized had 
been, by some impossible literary legerdemain, placed 
.11 her disposal with due reference to chronology and 
sequence. What she would still have had to do, iwen 
under those conditions, would have been exacting 
enough to justify the highest praise, for the manner in 
which she has done it. 

Those wdio know how busy a woman she is. in 
other than a literary sense, are at a loss to compre- 



HISTl IRY < IF Li IXG ISLAND. 



hend how she found time to search out what she 
wanted, to wander among the shadows of the centuries 
that are gone, and to give them a substance as tangi- 
ble as if they belonged to yesterday. Tributes to her 
energy and determination might be made as strung as 
words can make them, but they are entitled to no pre- 
cedence over other acknowledgments, upon which her 
claim is just as clear: the intuitive perceptions of a 
woman have been reinforced by a grasp and virility 
usually incident to a masculine intelligence. As a 
matter of fact, many have fallen into the error of sup- 
posing that the name on the title page, C. H. Strana- 
han, belonged to one of the sterner sex. There is not 
the least sign of uncertainty about the touch anywhere 
between the covers of the book. It is affirmative, 
vigonms and decisive, without a suggestion of dogma- 
tism. If the material that is to be lifted into place is 
right, it is handled with a delicacy that is not 
effeminate; if it is ponderous, there is always in 
reserve for it a surprising degree of strength. 

In her sense of relative importance of things, the 
author is exceedingly fortunate. Liliputians are not 
exaggerate d into Goliaths, and giants are not dwarfed 
into pigmies. It is impossible not to admire the dis- 
crimination which has been shown throughout. Evi- 
dently Mrs. Stranahan's first care was to see that her 
own powers of assimilation were in excellent working 
order. While it is palpable that her appetite for rele- 
vant facts was perfectly omnivorous, it is equally man- 
ifest that nothing was hastily devoured. It is one 
thing to set a trap for the artistic honor of by-gone 
times in France; it is another thing to catch it. Then 
comes the exercise of the supreme faculty of portrayal, 
and it is here that Mrs. Stranahan gives a momentum 
to her work which sends it with a sweep into the front 
rank. There is much in what she herself says about 
the true art that is suggestive of her purpose and of 
the manner in which she fulfills them. 

She was again before the public as a member of 
tin Woman's Hoard, appointed by the New York 
state commissioners to carry on the work of the 
World's Columbian Exposition, and at once was as- 
signed a i active part in organizing the Woman's 
Board ol Managers for the Empire state, and was 
clio i president of the board, her brilliant in- 

tellect, broad knowledge of affairs and rare execu- 
tive ability well (nullifying her for that exalted po- 
sition. She look a firm stand in opposition to the 
opening of the fair on Sundays, and was the only 
member of the hoard who voted in favor of closing 
tin i p ' ition on the Sabbath She was as resolute 
in her objections as she \ tint and help- 

ful in her mpporl of man; ! n. ol work 
trihuted to ill ii triumph of Ann rican art ■ ■ 
intellect Since her man , ,„ |,„- ,„ 

harities of tl 
foi a C| irtei ol a centun wi 

1 I unty Visiting < i : 1 1 , - , i 

ities Vid \ .ciation a id for twentj ,evcn y. ars 
nding el iety for the 

Aid of Friendh I, I i„- labors 

ol M- i, iplemented 

those oi |, i 



advancement in the city but felt the beneficence of 
their aid. 

Private business investments and enterprises 
claimed the attention of Mr. Stranahan. and his 
operations along such lines were mammoth, yet he 
always found time and opportunity to devote to the 
public good. He realized as few men seem to do 
the great needs of humanity in the department of 
material, mental and moral advancement, and his 
labors were so far-reaching and of such varied na- 
ture that in almost every connection Brooklyn can 
truthfully acknowledge her debt of gratitude to him. 
lbs position in the city is indicated by the fact that 
through private subscriptions by his fellow citizens, 
a statue was erected to his honor in Prospect Park. 
The Rev. Richard Salter Storrs, D. IX. led the 
movement in an address before a meeting of the 
Hamilton Club, called for that purpose, in which he 
gave a characterization remarkable in history. The 
site was certainly appropriately chosen — in this park 
made possible by the effort of Mr. Stranahan. This 
is well expressed by quoting as the inscription upon 
the monument, what is said of Sir Christopher 
Wren: "If you ask for a monument of what he has 
• lone, look around you." The idea of erecting the 
monument was heartily endorsed, and no one was 
permitted to subscribe more than a hundred dollars. 
but the necessary amount was soon collected, and 
the commission for the work given to Frederick 
MacMonnies, the famous Brooklyn celebrity now 
residing m Paris. He not only bad marked ability, 
but also the very necessary civic pride which spurred 
his genius to its highest effort, and has produced a 
statue which, when it was seen in public, was voted 
by critics, among them being St. Gaudens, and the 
press generally, to be one of the best examples of 
artistic sculpture in America. For many years prior 
to bis death there was no living man in Brooklyn 
who had such a deep bold upon the hearts of the 
people, and when before was ever the statue of a 
private citizen erected in bis home city during his 
own lifetime? 

He passe 1 awaj in Saratoga, September 3, 1898, 
and bis funeral cortege was the first that ever took 
its way to the cemetery through Prospect Park. 
itn this occasion the workmen of long-time service 
stood in lines of honored respect. Mis remains were 
laid to rest in Greenwood, but the very wide circle 
of his influence is felt and will be felt throughout 
'I time A contemporary biographer has said of 
him: "To citizens throughout Brooklyn and the 
-tate who were acquainted with his character, he 

-1 1 for all that is desirable in a finel} developed 

manhood. If bis word could be secured, it was as 




/7i<?//tc]Ls / */cccrt Wrc** ] 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAM). 



ire 



won— and 



thank. 



rth 



Mr 



t null is Id itself, and if social order <>r social ad- 
vancement needed a support that never bent or 
weakened, it could find it in him." Through all his 
busy career he was the soul of honor, believing hon- 
esty and integrity the best capital that a man could 
possess. His one particular delight was on each 
Sunday-school anniversary to drive up before the 
reviewing stand in Prospect Park and watch the in- 
spiring spectacle of thousands of little ones, attired 
in bright garments, with their banners waving in air 
under sunny skies, marching down the long meadow 
which was the creation of his genius. Shakespeare's 
words would he a fitting epitaph for him: 



'He was a man. Take 
I shall not look upon 1 



im for all 
; like again 



THOMAS G. SHEARMAN'. 



"That 



ay rest from their labors and their 
works do follow them."— Rev. XIV. i; v 

The city of Brooklyn is known throughout the 
world as the "City of Churches," not s, , much be 
cause of the number of its religious institutions as 
because of their influence on the community. That 
Plymouth church has been the most potent factor 
in the accomplishment of these wonderful result, 
goes without saying. Next to Mr. Beecher, the man 
who exercised the greatest influence and probably 
did more than any other man to shape its policv 
was Thomas (.. Shearman. He was a man of broad 
and liberal views, of cool judgment, calm, deliberate 
and dispassionate in his utterances, and withal in- 
tensely earnest, so that be seldom failed to carry 
conviction except to the most prejudiced minds. A; 
the weekly prayer-meeting his voice was always 



;hoe 



community throughout Greater New York, 
name will live while Plymouth continues t 
as a church. It took years to establish this 
but it came near being wrecked in a da\ 
consummate skill with which he handled tl 
combined with bis great legal ability and n 
personal influence, was all that saved it t'n 
ruption. He stood in front of bis pastor ai 
the brunt of the battle, hurling thunderbolts ■■ 
and righteous indignation against the enei 
Mr Beecher, who sought to crush him. It v 
of the most masterly efforts ever made ' 
lawyer in this country. The very best lega 
was employed on both sides, and the result 



tablishment of Plymouth church on a stronger foun- 
dation than ever. Had this been the only achieve- 
ment of Mr. Shearman it would have been glory 
and honor enough for one man; but ibis was only 
an incident in his professional career winch abound- 
ed with great success and gave him a world-wide 
reputation as a lawyer. 

Dr. Hillis, in the course of his remarks on the 
death of Mr. Shearman I September 30, loooi. -a, I: 
"Plymouth church has but one bear: to-day, and 
that heart is sore and heavy. For three and forty 
years Air. Shearman has been coming and going 
out amoimg us and during all these years he has 
wrought for us as trustee, clerk, teacher, superin- 
tendent and friend, loving and beloved. .And now 
that he hath gone, in our grief we have come to- 
getber in this placi that was, save only bis file- 
side altar, dearer to him than any place on earth. 
for Air. Shearman's earliest, latest, profoundest en- 
thusiasm was bis enthusiasm for Plymouth. If by 
reason of his love of affairs, through all the year., 
be went day by day with eager steps toward the 
court-room, the forum and the library, yet all will 
confess that this church was ever rir-t in his loving 
regard and solicitude. Not Jacob's love for that 
-pot in the desert where the heavens were opened 
for the shining ladder on which the angels of God 
were seen ascending and descending: n.it Martin 
Luther's love for the monastery, where he was re- 
born and saw the visions splendid: not Edmund 
Burke's pathetic attachment for the great abbey, were 
so striking as Air. Shearman's love for this build- 
ing, tilt in retrospective mood he rehearsed for us 
ike .1 — unions clustered about yonder pew. that 
a- he said, he had privately consecrated and bap 
tized with the laying on of praying hands and with 
the sacrament of tears. 

One Sunday evening in May, 1857, the youth 
first came in hither out of the darkness and storm. 
lie was the child of a creed that had tortured his 
just spirit, a creed that filled his days with agony. 
Ins nights with sleeplessness; and here Air Beecher 
taught bun the love of God. expelled tile fear that 
hath torment, released him from superstition and 
made bun a citizen of the wide lying universe. Bu: 
if Mr. Beecher and Plymouth church did much for 
bun, pastor and people received much 111 return, for 
Air, Shearman gave back good measure, pressed 
down and shaken together, returned an unstinted tide 
of loyalty, love and self-sacrificing service. While 
the jurists are praising the great lawyer for In- legal 
knowledge and skill, while social reformers are ,-, 
hears, ,,.4 his love for the poor and weak, while the 
pre,s is capitalizing his tine, high citizenship, we 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAXD. 



here and now celebrate his great mind less than 
his great heart. For us his goodness was more 
striking than his greatness : ' We forget the 

advocate and author and remember the true Chris- 
tian." 

Thomas Gaskill Shearman, who might be termed 
one of the ,; old guard" of Plymouth church, was 
born in Birmingham, England, November 25, 1834. 
lie came to New York at the age of nine years 
with his father, win. was a physician, hi- mother 
coming later For Mr. Shearman the hidings of 
power were his ancestry God's first gift was one 
of his greatest,— the :41ft of a good mother and 
grandmother. The tides of intellect and purpose 
flow down from ancestral hill-. Hut. early overtaken 
by misfortune through his father's illness. Ik- was 
thrown on his own resources ami self-educated and 
self-made: his intellect was hammered out upon the 
anvil -I adversity. Romantic indeed, his life's story. 
At twelve he was out in the world for himself, at 
twelve Ins school days ended forever. At fourteen 
he entered an office where he received one dollar 
for the first year ami two dollars for the second. 
Out of his Intl. store of wealth he allowed himself 
three cents each daj for luncheon: but when he 
heard of Macaulay's History of England he reduced 
his allowance to two cents, and after two months 
bought the first volume. 

In 1857 he removed front Xew York to Brooklyn 
and two years later he was admitted to the bar. 
The ensuing seven years were spent 111 writing law 
I,.,,: editing law journals and in other work of 
this character. He earned for himself even at that 
earl) period .1 reputation for accuracy and thor- 
oughness, and was Known to the members of the 
profession as a painstaking student. His work at- 
tracted the attention of that eminent jurist. David 
Dudley Field, and in [860 Mr. field employed him 
as secretary to the ("ode Commission. In [868 Mr. 
Field and his son Dudley took- Mr. Shearman into 
copartnership. This was regarded as a high honor 
for so young a professional man. Mr. Shearman 
being then onl\ tlnm four years ,,f age Five years 
lati 1 ill [873 tin 111 111 of Field & Shi aj man di 
solved and Messrs. Shearman and Sterling (John 
\\ Sterling), both members ol the firm of Field & 
Shearman, entered into close professional relations 
undei the name 1 >i Shearman & Sterling. 

It was about this tune that Mr. Shearman figured 
large!} .11 proceedings in which the Erie Railroad 



Sin 



His originality in devising new and more effective 
methods in litigation subjected him to much criti- 
cism, but these methods were literally copied by his 
opponents and critics. His practice of serving in- 
junctions by telegraph, which was the most severely 
criticised at the time, has since been sanctioned by 
the highest courts in England as well as by some 
of the most prominent American judges. 

After the close of the Beecher trial, to which 
reference has already been made. Shearman & Ster- 
ling were retained in numerous litigations arising 
out of the famous gold speculations of 1869, in all 
of which they were successful. They were also 
largely employed in the foreclosure of railway mort- 
gages, the reorganization of large railway com- 
panies, the organization and administration of vari- 
ous corporations, etc. 

Mr. Shearman always took an active interest in 
public questions. From his youth up an advocate 
of the total abolition of slavery, he worked vigor- 
ously with the Republican party from 1856 to 1868, 
but was never a candidate for office. In respect to 
tariff, prior to i860, he was a "protectionist," but 
he then became a convert to free trade. From 1880 
during the remainder of his life he devoted much 
time to the promotion of absolute free trade and the 
abolition of all indirect taxation. He made numer- 
ous addresses and published several pamphlets upon 
these subjects, which awakened much interest in dif- 
ferent parts of the country. Mr. Shearman was 
probably as well known as a public economist as for 
his ureat legal attainments. 

Anion-; Ins most important works, all of which 
are recognized as standard publications, are Filling- 
hast & Shearman's Practice" (1861 1805); "Shear- 
man & Redfield on Negligence" (1869-88); "Talks 
on Free Trade" (1881) ; "Pauper Labor of Europe" 
(1885); •Distribution of Wealth" (188;); "Owners 
of the United Stales" (1889); "The Coming Bil- 
lionaire" (1800): and "Crooked Taxation" (. 1S91 ) . 
Mr. Shearman married, January 29, 1850, a Miss 
Elmira Partridge, a daughter of James Partridge, of 
Brooklyn. 

THEODORE LED YARD CU"b LER, D. P.. LL. D. 



■ world, but its potency 
New England poet and 
the same line, has said 





Ur^UAp Claj/CWi 



HISTORY OF L< >NG ISLAND. 



the life of every one whom he meet-. If this In- 
true, and the great minds of all ages acknowledge 
that it is so, then the question propounded centuries 
ago. "Am I my brother's keeper?" is answered. It 
is this everlasting truth of the brotherhood of man 
and the fatherhood of God that has led to the relig- 
ious work of the world. 

The stamp designating true nobility of character 
must ever find its ineffaceable tracery on the brow 
of one who sets himself apart from "the madding 
crowd's ignoble strife" and dedicates his life to the 
uplifting of his fellow men. A more than super- 
ficial investigation is demanded when one essays to 
determine the mental struggle and the spirit of un- 
selfish devotion that must animate the man who 
gives all that he has and all that he hopes to be 
to service in the great vineyard of life, seeking 



'■ : " i ■ : and v ork forms the most impi irtant 
chapter in the history of the Lafayette Avenue Pres- 
byterian church, of Brooklyn. He was born in 
Aurora, \'ew York. January 10. 1822, and from 
Huguenots and Hollander-, who came to the shores 
of the new world at an earl} day. he traces his de 
scent. .Members of the family were particularly 
prominent at the bar. His grandfather practiced 
with success in Aurora for many years, and bis fa- 
ther. B. Ledyard Cuyler, also attained to an eminent 
position in the legal profession, but he died at the 
early age of twenty-eight years. The care of the 
son fell to the mother, a lady of strong Christian 
character, who bad marked influence upon the life 
of Iter son. She always cherished the hope that lie 
might enter the ministry, and a little pocket Bible 
which she gave him he learned to read when four 




THEODORE L. Cl'YLER CHURCH, CANTO 
Built bv the Lafayette Avenue Chun 



reward only in that realm "where moth and rust 
■do not corrupt and where thieves do not break 
through and steal." Preparation, for and labors in 
the priesthood are perforce exacting, demanding an 
ever ready sympathhy, a broad intellectuality and 
unswerving fidelity. Scoffing, cynicism and careless 
irreverence would often be silenced if only the in- 
ner life of those who minister in holy places might 
be laid open for inspection. Honor is due and honor 
will be paid when once there comes a deeper under- 
standing of the truth. 

We are led to this train of thought through study 
of the life record of Dr. Cuyler. who from early 

manb 1 has devoted his labor, bis thought and his 

energy to the uplifting of his fellow men, and 



years of age. Other relatives of the family hoped 
that he would become a lawyer, believing that be 
could attain distinction in that profession, and. while 
he bad the mental ability to become eminent therein. 
he determined to enter a calling that led him into 
close contact with his fellow men. bis services prov- 
ing of the greatest good to those with whom he was 
associated. At the age of sixteen he became a 
student in Princeton College and three years later 
was graduated with high honors. The following 
year was spent in Europe, where he formed the 
acquaintance of Thomas Carlyle, William Words- 
worth and Charles Dickens, and his visits to those 
celebrated English writers are among the most 
pleasant memories of bis life. Trawl broadened 



10 



HISTORY OF Li >XG ISLAND. 



his knowledge, and his mind was stored with many 
interesting reminiscences of the sights and seem - 
which he viewed when abroad. Upon his return his 
father's family again urged him to become a mem- 
ber of the bar, but his mother's influence and other 
agencies in his life were stronger. When a young 
man he was asked to address .1 meeting in a neigh- 
boring village. Several inquirers professed belief 
that evening, saying that the young man made the 
way so plain. This brought to him a recognition 
of his influence and power, and he resolved to de- 
vote his activities to the cause of the Master. His 
preparatorj studies for the ministry wen- pursued 
in the Princeton Theological Seminary, where, on 
the completion of a three-years' course, he was grad- 
uated, m May. [846. 

His first ministerial services after being licensed 
to preach was as supply in the church at Kingston, 
Pennsylvania, where he remained ior six months. 
Not long afterward he accepted the charge of the 
Pr'esbyterian church in Burlington, New Jersey, 
where his labors were so successful that it was felt 
he should be employed in a broader field. Accord- 
ingly lie left Burlington to take pastoral charge of 
the newly organized Third Presbyterian church in 
Trenton, where he remained until the summer of 
185.}. In May of that year he received a call from 
' 1 mgi 1 gal ' >nal church, in Boston, Km 
declined il and accepted ;i call from the Market 
eformed Dutch church, in New York city, 
where he felt hi-- field would he broader and more 
congenial by reason of the greater demands it 
would make upon him. Tit— work there at once at- 
tracted public attention. Hi-, earnestness, his clear 
reasoning, his logical arguments and his brilliant 
gift oratorj attracted large audiences, and his 

work among young men was particularly successful, 
yeat he ci mtinui d as pastor of that con- 
gregation, and hi i860 entered upon his important 
work in connection « itli the Lafayctti \v 1 inn I '1 1 
liytcrian church, of Brooklyn, The exodus from 
New York to Brooklyn was beginning to he fell 
1 me. ...,,1 ili, need for better church ac- 
ci mini' idal ions in lad h >ng been ;o 

1 t( 1 engn •- the attenl ic m ■ if m 1113 eat 111 -I 
( 'hrisl 1,111- \ cnnfei eni ■ ■ m 1 he nb.ie 1 » as held 

i -- |i; ,, nunibci nl gentlemen 

with Dr. Spear's "South" church, and il 
ed tn form 1 h So m after its 

1 Hil li nek. of (he 
Union I : ■■ lew Vorl , upplied 

the pulpil and luring hi in ui Irj tin n tin ■ hurcli 



the revival of 1858. — and Park church, for such was 
the name by which it was then known, shared in the 
general improvement and met the demand upon its 
accommodations by building an addition. In Jan- 
uary of the following year. [859, Professor Hitch- 
cock n signed and was succeeded as pulpit supply by 
the Rev. Lyman Whiting, of Portsmouth. New 
I lamp-hire. Six months later he also resigned, and 
for an additional six months the congregation was 
without a regular minister. 

About this time Dr. Cuyler was offered the pas- 
torate, but the outlook of his own church was then 
so promising that he declined the call. Shortly 
afterward, however, the Dutch church began to 
falter in its project of planting it- new- edifice in 
the new and growing part of the city. With keen 
foresight Dr. Cuyler anticipated the rapid change 
thai was soon to transform unpopulated district- 
of Brooklyn, and believed that it would prove a 
splendid field for Christian labor. It was then he 
took into consideration the offer of the pastorate of 
the Park church. He visited the Fort Greene sec- 
tion of Brooklyn, and then informed the committee 
winch waked on him that if their congregation 
would purchase the plot at the corner of Lafayette 
avenue and Oxford street and erect thereon a plain 
edifice large- enough to accommodate aboul two 
thousand people he would accept the call. It seemed 
a great undertaking for the little congregation, with 
its membership of only one hundred and forty peo- 
ple, but the committee agreed to the proposition. 
and within ten day- the purchase of the land was 
1 of twelve thousand dollar-. At 
an additional cost of forty-two thousand dollar- 
there was erected a splendid stone structure, modeled 
after Beecher's church and having also the same 
seating capacitj Work was commenced on the new 
edifice in the fall of [860. and on March 1 2, [862, 
the completed church was dedicated. This was prac- 
tical the work of Dr. Cuyler. win . in \.pril. i85o, 



horn nl sir,, ne determination, firm convictions and 
noble purpose I lis brilliant oratory s,., ,n attracted 
tin attention ol Bro and his f, ireeful 

flowing f, irth the • 1 1 ■ ine purpose, ap- 
pealed to the understanding of all thinkill! 
The church grew with marvelous rapidity, and as 

ended the held of 

his 'abors In 1S66 there were more than three 

U-cnrdingly. in \\ 1 nrial Mis 

lutcomc of 



HI! 



'< IRY ( )F LONG ISLAND. 



of the city. The Fort Greene Presbyterian church 
also had its origin in one of Dr. Cuyler's mission 
schools, which was established in 1861, with a mem- 
bership of one hundred and twelve. The Classon 
Avenue church is also another direct branch of the 
Lafayette Avenue Presbyterian church— and who 
can measure the influence of this work? In the 
twenty-five years following its incorporation Dr. 
Cuyler's congregation contributed seventy thousand 
dollars to city missions, and its gifts as reported for 
the year 1888 exceeded fifty-three thousand dollars. 
The Sunday-school, the Young People's Association 
and the various charitable and benevolent organiza- 
tions became important adjuncts of the church work. 
The church membership in 1890 was nearly twenty- 
four hundred and the Sunday-school numbered six- 
teen hundred, ranking the third largest 111 the general 
assembly. 

With all these extensive and important undertak- 
ings under his supervision Dr. Cuyler also did the 
work of pastor as well as of teacher and leader, 
and perhaps no man in the Christian ministry lias 
ever more endeared himself through the ties of 
friendship and love to his parishioners than he. One 
who knew him well said of him: "He mingles free- 
ly and happily with his people. His feelings are 
ardent and sympathetic, his conversation is fluent and 
interspersed with illustration, anecdote, lively meta- 
phor and felicitous quotations. — so that he united the 
gifts which elicit friendly feeling, promote freedom 
of social intercourse and bind a pastor to his people 
by the innumerable threads of friendly intercourse, 
rather than by one cable of profound and distant 
reverence. Hence, he combined in an unusual degree 
success in pastoral labor with success in preaching. 
He teaches, his people quite as much out of the pul- 
pit as in it. He seeks to make his church an or- 
ganized band, 'who go about domg good,' in work- 
ing sympathy with the poor and outcast. He also 
diffuses a zeal, lengthening the cords and strength- 
ening the stakes of their own influence. Dr. Cuyler 
is accessible both in parlor and in the pulpit, One 
is sure of hospitality at church as well at at home." 

For thirty years Dr. Cuyler remained as pastor ol 
the Lafavette Avenue Presbvterian church and then 
voluntarily severed his relations therewith lie ad- 
dressed his people in the following words on Sunday. 
February 2, 1800: "Nearly thirty years haw elaosed 
since I assumed the pastoral charge of the Lafayette 
Avenue church. In April, i860, it was .. small hand 
of one hundred and forty members By the contin- 
ual blessing of Heaven upon us. that little flock has 
grown into one of the largesl and most useful and 
powerful churches in the Presbyterian denomina- 
tion; it is the third in point of numbers in the United 
States. This church has now two thousand three 



si. m chapels, has one thousand six hundred in its 
Sunday-school, and is paying the salaries of three 
ministers in this city and of two missionaries 111 the 
south. For several years u lias led all the churches 
of Brooklyn in its contributions to foreign, home 
and city missions, and it is surpassed by none other 
in wide and varied Christian work. Every sitting in 
tins spacious house has its occupant, Our morning 
audiences have never been larger than they have 
this winter. This church has always been to me 
like a beloved child. I have given to it thirty years 
of hard and happy labor, and it is my foremost de- 
sire that its harmony may remain undisturbed and 
Us prosperity may remain unbroken. For a long 
tune I have intended that my thirtieth anniversary 
should be the terminal point of my present pastorate 
I shall then have served this beloved flock for an 
ordinary human generation, and the time has come 
for me to transfer this sacred trust to some one 
who, in Cod's good providence, may have thirty 
years of vigorous work before him ami not behind 
him. If God spares my life to the first Sabbath of 
April it is my purpose to surrender this pulpit back 
into your hands, and I shall endeavor to co-operate 
witli you in the search and selection of the right 
man to stand in it. I will not trust myself to-day 
to speak of the sharp pang it will cost me to sever 
a connection that has been to me one of unalloyed 
harmony and happiness. When the proper time 
comes we can speak of all such things, and in the 
meanwhile let us continue on in the blessed Master's 
work and leave our future entirely to His all-wise 
and ever loving care (In the walls of this dear 
church the eyes of the angels have always seen it 
written. 'I. the Lord, do keep it. and I will keep it 
night and day.' It only remains for me to say that 
after forty-four years of uninterrupted ministerial 
labor it is hut reasonable for me to ask for relief 
from a strain that may soon become loo heavy for 
me to bear." 

A feeling of the greatest sorrow was manifest 
throughout the congregation. Many of the people 
then in the church had grown up under his active 
pastorate, and it was almost like a death knell to 
them as they heard In, words On the [6th of 
April, in the church parlors, a farewell reception 
was held, on winch occas : on a nurse of thirty thou- 
sand dollars was presented to Dr. Cuyler— one thou- 
sand dollars for each year of his service as pastor. 
The gift indicated in unmistakable manner the love 
which his congregation bore for him However. 
hi, friends were not limited to his own congregation, 
for through his writings he has become known 
throughout the civilized world and has many admir- 
ers among those who have been helped by his ear- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND 



nest and inspiring words. He has been a constant 
contributor to the religious journals of the country. 
including the Christian Intelligence. Christian Work, 
The Watchman, Christian Endeavor World. Evan- 
gelist and Independent. He has prepared about four 
thousand articles for the press and lias written sev- 
enty-five tract-, many of which have been republished 
in the English, German and Australian newspapers. 
In 1852 he published a volume entitled Stray Ar- 
rows, containing selections of his newspaper writ- 
ings. He is the author of eighteen published vol- 
umes, of which Cedar Christian, Heart Life, Empty 
Crib, Thought Hues, Pointed Papers for the Chris- 
tian Life, God's Light mi Dark Clouds and Newly 
Enlisted have been reprinted in England, where they 
have had a large sale. The Empty Crib wa- pub- 
lished after the death of a beloved boy. nearly five 
years of age. and the subsequent loss of a beau- 
tiful and accomplished daughter was the occasion of 
his writing that marvelously touching production 
entitled God's Light on Dark Clouds. In addition 
to the works mentioned he is the author of the fol- 
lowing: How to Be a Pastor, The Young Preach- 
er, Christianity in the Home, Stirring the Eagle's 
Nest and other Sermons and Beulah Land. A se- 
lection from his writings, entitled Right to the 
Point, has been published 111 Boston. Six of his 
books have been translated into Swedish and two 
into Dutch. 

To a man of Dr. Cuyler's nature the needs of the 
world have been ever manifest and have elicited his 
most hearty, earnest anil devoted co-operation. The 
great benevolent movements and reform measures 
have received his aid, and he has labored earnestly 
in behalf of the Young Men's Christian Association 
mission school-, the Children's Aid Association, the 
Five Points mi ion and the Freedmen, while his 
work in the National Temperance Society has been 
a 111. . - 1 potent influence in promoting temperance 
sentiment among those with whom he has come in 
contacl as teacher and preacher, lb- has served as 
president of the National Temperance Society of 
America. In 1872 he went abroad as a delegate to 
the Presbyterian Assembly in Edinburg, Scotland, 
on which occasion he won the warm friendship of 
many eminent Presbyterian divines of Great Britain. 

His friends have been drawn from the 1 1 cultured 

and intelligent and have ever been an affinity be- 
tween inch. These include Spurgcon. Gladstone. 
I » . ari Stanley, 1 >ickens. Carlylc. Ncal I 1 
Horace Greeley and John G. Whitticr. 

In 185.5 Dr. Cuyler was united in m in agi to 
Miss A, nee p. Mathiot, a daughter of the Hon 
Joshua Mathiot, a member of congn >« from Ohio 
Her labors have ably supplemented and rounded out 
i! f her husband. She has been in hcartv 



sympathy with him in all of his church work and in 
his efforts for the uplifting of man. and in a no 
less forceful, but in a more quiet way. her influence 
has been exerted for the benefit of God's children. 
Since his retirement from the ministry Dr. Cuyler 
has devoted his time to preaching and lecturing in 
colleges and to literary work. A monument to his 
splendid accomplishments is found in the Cuyler 
chapel of the Lafayette Avenue Presbyterian church, 
which was named in his honor by the Young Peo- 
ple's Association of that organization in 1892. A 
large mission church, seating one thousand people 
and erected in iooo by the Lafayette Avenue church, 
in Canton, China, is named the' Theodore L. Cuyler 
church. 

SILAS E. DUTCHER. 

"Those who have attained the age of seventy 
years, as a rule, attest the fact of a sound consti- 
tution and a well spent life." said the Brooklyn 
Eagle editorially, July 12. 1899. "The one is a fine 
inheritance. The other is a fine record. Inheritance 
and record are both the possession of the well- 
known Brooklynite, President Silas B. Dutcher, who . 
was bom seventy years ago to-day. He at once be- 
comes a hope and a vindication. A hope he is to 
those who would equal his claim to respect and re- 
gard, who would match him in mentality and bodily 
vigor, when they reach his present years. A vindi- 
cation he is to those who seek for examples to prove 
that three score years and ten may be really the 
best period of a man's life. Mr. Dutcher very 
likely never thought of himself either as a hope or 
as a vindication. He has been too busy to do so. 
That fact is one of the reasons why he is both. Life 
takes care of the fame of those who are more con- 
cerned with duty than with distinction, for distinc- 
tion is a consequence best following from fidelity, 
energy and wisdom. It is the aroma of a career, 
when the career is what it ought to be." 

Silas B. Dutcher was born July 12. 1820. on his 
father's farm on the shore of Otsego lake, in the 
town of Springfield, (Hsego county, Xew York. He 
is a descendant of an old and highly respected fam- 
ily lis parents were Parcefor Carr and Johanna 
Low (Frink) Dutcher. His paternal grandparents 
were John ami SiKey (Beardsley) Dutcher. His 
grandmother's ancestor was William Beardsley, who 
was born at Steal ford. England, in 1605, and came 
n. America in 1635, settling .r Sn." ford Connecti- 
cut, four years later. His great-grandparents were 
Gabriel and Elizabeth (Knickerbocker) Dutcher. 
-1I1 Knickerbocker was a granddaughter of 
Harm;, 11 lan-e Van Wye Knickerbocker, of Dutch. -s 
county. Xew York. Ills great-great-grandparents 




^/^^-^^^Tp 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



13 



were Ruloff and Janettie ( Bressie ) Dutcher, who 
were married at Kingston, New York, in 1700 and in 
1720 removed to Litchfield county, Connecticut. 

Ruloff Dutcher is believed to have been a grand- 
son of Dierck Cornelison Duyster, under commissary 
at Fort Orange in 1630, whose name appears in deeds 
of two large tracts of land to Killian Wan Rensse- 
lair. 

Mr. Dutcher's maternal grandparents were Ste- 
phen and Ann (.Low) Frink, and maternal great- 
grandparents were Captain Peter and Johanna I Ten 
Eyck) Low, and his great-grandfather was an officer 
in the Continental army. Johanna Ten Eyck was a 
descendant of Conrad Ten Eycke. who came from 
Amsterdam, Holland, to Xew York in 1650, and 
owned what is now known as Coenties Slip, New 
York city. 

Mr. Dutcher attended the public schools near 
his father's farm each summer and winter, from the 
age of four until the age of seven years. Alter that 
he had a little more schooling in the winter season 
and one term at Cazenovia Seminary. He began 
teaching school winters at the age of sixteen and 
taught every winter until lie was twenty-two, work- 
ing on his father's farm during the balance of each 
year. In the fall of i85r. owing to a temporary loss 
of his voice, which prevented him from teaching, 
he found employment at railroad construction, but 
soon became a station agent and subsequently a con- 
ductor and for more than three years was employed 
on the old Erie Railway from Elmira to Niagara 
Falls. New York. He then went to Xew York and 
entered mercantile business, to which he devoted his 
energies through the terrible panics of 1857 and 
1S60 without severe misfortune. In 1868 he was 
appointed supervisor of internal revenue, a position 
which he at first declined, but was urged to accept 
by William Orton and other friends. Against his 
own judgment, and. as events proved, greatly to the 
detriment of his financial interests, he took the office. 
He was unable to give attention to business, his part- 
ner was not equal to its management, and he soon 
discovered that all be had accumulated by twelve 
years of hard work was scattered and gone, and he 
was obliged to -ell the real estate he owned to meet 
his liabilities. 

Even as a boy he bad been more or less interested 
in politic-. His grandfather was a Democrat, and 
Silas was often called upon to read his Democratic 
newspaper to him; his father was a Whig and the 
result was that he had an opportunity to learn 
something of the claims of both parties at an early 
age. Before' he was twenty-one he became inter- 
ested in the question of freedom or the extension of 
slavery in the territories.— the most vital question of 
that day.— and while yet little more than a boy, in 



1848, did some effective campaign spi . ng for Gen- 
eral Taylor. 

When he went to Xew York Mr. Dutcher re- 
solved to have nothing to do with active politics, 
but the breaking up of a Republican meeting in the 
Bleecker building in the ninth ward brought him 
out most decisively and be was quite active political- 
ly from 1856 to 1861. In 1857 he was president of the 
Ninth Ward Republican Association; 1858-59 he was 
chairman of the Young Men's Republican Commit- 
tee, and in i860 he was president of the Wide-Awakes 
Association. During the year last mentioned he 
became a member of the hoard of supervisors of 
the county of Xew York. His business demanded 
his attention and there were other reasons why. in 
the fall of 1861, he moved to Brooklyn in order 
to sever his relations 'with that body. William M. 
Tweed was a member of the hoard at that time and 
began to develop some of the schemes which event- 
ually caused his downfall. Mr. Dutcher was not 
willing to vote ignorantly on any question or to act 
upon the representations of other members, who he 
believed held their personal interests above the in- 
terests of the county. As a resident of Brooklyn he 
again resolved to keep out of politics, hut the riots 
of [863 brought him in close relations with active 
Republicans and he found himself again in political 
harness. He held the office of .supervisor of internal 
revenue from 1868 until 1872, a period of four years, 
at first under appointment of Hugh McCullough. 
the secretary of the treasury, and later under ap- 
pointment of President Grant. In November, 1872, 
he was appointed United States pension agent, re- 
signing that office in 1875 to accept a position in 
the employ of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Com- 
pany, which he held until appointed United States 
appraiser of the port of Xew York, by President 
Grant, which latter position he held until 1880. He 
was superintendent of public works of the state of 
Xew York from 1S80 until 1883, appointed by Gov- 
ernor Cornell At the close of his term in the last 
name 1 office. President Arthur requested him to 
accepl the office of commissioner of internal rev- 
enue, to which he replied that he had held office 
fourteen years and that all he hail to show for that 
service was a few old clothes; that if he accepted 
the position tendered him and held it one or more 
years, be would retire with about the same quantity 
of old clothes as be had at the beginning and so 
much older and le<s available for other business, 
and that the remainder of his life must he devoted 
to making some provision for his wife and children 
nd 1 onsequently he must decline further office-hold- 



ITe 
wlnch 



14 



HIST IRY l »F Li )XG ISLAND. 



appointed by Governor Morton, and was appointed 
a manager of the Long Island State Hospital by 
Governor Black and re-appointed by Governor 
Roosevelt. He was a Wing from 1850 to 1855 and 
became a Republican at the organization of that 
party After locating in Brooklyn he was the chair- 
man of the Kings county Republican committee for 
four year-., a member of the Republican state com- 
mittee for many year-, and was the chairman of 
the Republican executive committee of the state in 
1S76. He served as a delegate to several Republican 
national conventions and was on the stump in every 
presidential campaign from [848 to [888. 

From the time he became a resident of Brooklyn 
until the consolidation was consummated. .Mr. 
Dutcher was an advocate of the consolidation of 
Brooklyn and. Xew York. As a member for four 
years of the Brooklyn board of education, he exert- 
ed al! his influence for the advancement of the 
public school. A, a member of the charter commis- 
sion for Greater Xew York, lie labored earnestly to 
secure equal taxation and home rule for the public 
schools, believing that the system and management 
were belter than in Manhattan and better than any 
other submitted to the community. No work of In, 
life ha- given him more satisfaction than the results 
in the charter on these two points. He has also taken 
an active interest in Sunday-school affairs and was 
superintendent for ten years of the Twelfth Street 
Reformed church Sunday-school, at a time when 
i; was one of the largest schools in the state. 

Mr. Dutcher resinned business to some extent 
in 1885. when he formed a co-partnership with W. 
E. Edmister in a tire and marine insurance agencj 
which still exist,. He was on,- of the charter trus- 
1'nion [lime Saving, Institution, of New 
York city, organized in 1850. and became president 
of that institution 111 [885 and is now the only one 
of the charter trustee, remaining on the board. In 
1I1 pi me "I 1001 he w.i, invited to and accepted 
lie presidency of the Hamilton Trust Company. He 
has Im'h lor twenty years .1 director in the Metro- 
politan Life Insurance Company, is a director in 

the G mi. 1.1 Safe Deposit Company and the G 1 

' ompanj lb i a member of the I 'inch 

1 church, ir.. 1 urer ol the Brooklyn Bible 
Society, one of the managi 1 of the Society for Im- 
proving .be Condition 01 .be Poor, a member of the 
Brooklyn and Hamilton Club, and of the Masonic 
fraternity, and be was president of the Association of 
tl 1: ... n .1 1 onic Veterans .,, i8yo 

When Mr. Dutcher ...ok up his resid in 

Brooklyn the population of the city was about two 
bundled and - icntj five thousand \Vh; 
tlv Pari slopi wn the 11 m» 11 fi. 
settlement known 1 ' 



south of Flatbush avenue. He has seen the city- 
grow from a little more than a quarter of a million 
souls to a million and a quarter. He has seen the 
Park Slope transformed into one of the finest resi- 
dential sections of the city, and he has seen the three 
or four churches in that part of Brooklyn increase 
to more than twenty. When he came the prominent 
Republicans of Brooklyn were Charles \\\ Goddard, 
James Humphrey, William Wall and J. S. T. Stran- 
ahan. He soon made the acquaintance of that good 
old Dutch mayor. Martin Kalbfleisch, whom he re- 
garded as one of the sturdiest men he ever met. He 
has known every one of Brooklyn's mayors from 
George Hall, the first executive, down to the present 
incumbent of the office. Mr. Dutcher has lived in 
Third street since 1872. and his present home is at 
Xo. 496. 

His family consists of In, wife and six children. 
He married Rebecca J. Alwaise, February 10. 1850. 
Mr, Dutcher .- a descendant of John Alwaise. a 
French Huguenot, who came to Philadelphia in 1740. 
Her grandmother was a descendant of John Bishop, 
who came from England in 1645. and settled at 
Woodbridge, Xew Jersey. The children of Silas 
Ik and Rebecca J. I Alwaise ) Dutcher are DeWitt 
P., Edith May. Elsie Rebecca. Malcomb B., Jessie 
Ruth and Eva Olive. Two of Mr. Dutcher's daugh- 
ters are members of the Colonial Daughters of the 
Seventeenth Century. 

The first visit Mr. Dutcher ever made to Brook- 
lyn was to hear Henry Ward Beecher preach in 
Plymouth church. He has stated that he was di- 
rected, as others were, at the Usual hour of church 
service to cross Fulton Ferry and follow the crowd. 
"I arrived at the church a little late." he said, "and 
found only , landing room and hut little of that. 
When I entered the church the congregation was 
singing the hymn A'! Hail the Power of Jesus' 
Name to the good ..Id tune of Coronation, and 1 do 
not recollect of ever hearing in any other church such 
a volume of music. My first unpres,. on was that 
Henry Ward Beecher was the strongest preacher p. 
whom 1 had ever listened and that first impression has 
never been removed." Mr. Dutcher has know 11 per- 
sonally every governor of the state of Xew York, 
from William II Seward to Benjamin B. Odell, ex- 
cept Governor William C Bouch and Governor Silas 
Wright. When he went to Xew York, he was 
brought in contact in both business and pol tic- with 



M. 



Evi 



\\ aki 

Willi 



■is. William 
•r R Marsh, 







&# 



TIMOTHY PERRY. 



HISTORY OF LOXG ISLAND. 



Ear distant u Ik 
the largest pop! 
and be the mo 
York. He pre 
Brooklyn with 
of Manhattan a 
intelligence, nu 



best 



-sib' 



by any people 
nothing to favi 
found his oppo 
did not neglect 
as education, cu 
ening aids. Hi 
with respect, 
any office that 
come a depend 
lie employment 
a business empl 



ilation, the greatest number of voters 
it important factor in Greater New- 
diet- that the year igio will show 
i larger population than the borough 
t that date, and a population that tor 
ependence and a desire to secure the 
al government, will not be surpassed 
in the world. Mr. Dutcher owes 
ir. He "hewed his own path" and 
rtunities and improved them ; but be 
the better things than success, such 
Iture and other refining and strength- 
i political career has been one to note 
He has never been an applicant for 
he has filled, and he has never be- 
ent on a political office. Every pub- 
to wdiich he has been called ha- been 
loyment and be has fulfilled its duties 
>ve his fitness for private employment 
diibits a union of public and private 
is creditable citizenship. 

TIMOTHY PERRY. 



Timothy Perry, who belongs to the oldest law 
firm in the city of Brooklyn, where the original 
founders are still living and practicing, is a son of 
Chauncy Perry, and was born at Xew Ipswich. 
New Hampshire, on the 71I1 of November, 1S20. 
The name is of Scotch-Welsh origin and the earliest 
representative of the family in America located 
near Boston, Massachusetts, at an early period in 
the colonial development of this country. The pa- 
ternal grandfather of Mr. Perry bore the name of 
John Perry. He lived and died in Rindge, New 
Hampshire, where he was a prosperous farmer. 
Isaac Stearns, the maternal grandfather of our sub- 
ject, resided at Ashburnham, Massachusetts, and 
took an active part in the battle of Bunker H il 
as a sergeant. Both he ami hi- brother. William 
Stearns, saw much service in the war of the Revo- 
lution, valiantly aiding the colonists in their struggle 
for independence. 

Chauncy Perry, the father of our subject, re- 
sided for many years in New Ipswich. New Hamp- 
shire, and was a soldier in the war of [812. He 
followed farming as a life work and was recognized 
as one of the -olid men of hi- community, serving 
a- selectman of In- town. He was .1 gentleman ot 
strong native mental powers who never compro- 
mised wrong 01- sacrificed principle for policy; hi- 
honesty was proverbial, and at all time- and 111 every 
relation of life be commanded the respect and con- 



and of education, and he did all in hi- nower to 

provide In- children with g 1 school privileges, 

that they might he well tilted for life'- practical 
and responsible duties. He had a family of five sons, 
three of whom became ministers of the Congrega- 
tional church, while the other two. Chauncy and 
Timothy, constitute the well known law firm of l '. 
& T. Perry, of Brooklyn. The father'- work and 
counsel i- manifest in the lives of bis children. The 
mother bore the maiden name of Abigail Stearns, 
and her tender care and love in the little New Hamp- 
shire borne al-o had marked influence over her -on-. 
Timothy Perry, the youngest of the five brother-, 
obtained hi- elementary education in the district 
schools and afterward entered the Xew [pswich 
Academy, then dne of the most popular and success- 
ful institutions of the kind in New Hampshire. 
For several years he engaged in teaching during 
the winter months, while in the summer seasons he- 
worked upon bis father's farm. For two years he 
wa- teacher of mathematics and natural science in 
the New Ipswich Academy, but at the earnest solic- 
itation of his brother Chauncy he determined to pre- 
pare for the practice of law. The year previously 
the elder brother bad opened an office in Green 
Point, now part of the borough of Brooklyn, and 
making his way hither Timothy Perry became a 
student under his brother's directions, and in April, 
1857, he was admitted to the bar. In May. follow- 
ing, he entered into partnership with his brother 
in the practice of law, and from the beginning the 
business relations between them have proved mu- 
tually profitable and plea-ant. No dreary novitiate 
awaited tin- firm, which soon took high rank among 
the leading lawyers of Kings county. Although en- 
gaged in the general practice of law. for a long 
tune the firm has made a specialty of the examina- 
tion of titles to real estate, in which department it 
take- first rank. 

When Green Point, upon it- consolidation with 

Timothy Perry was chosen to act as alderman id' 
the ward and filled that position in the common 
council from 1858 until [863. That period cm- 
braced the first three years of the Civil war. and the 
council undertook to furnish volunteers and to aid 
the draft by assisting the families of all who en- 
tered the service of their country. Mr. Perry took 
an active part in this undertaking ami was a mem- 
ber of the Citizens' Aid Association of the seven- 
teenth ward, which furnished a large number of vol- 
unteers. From 1863 until 1870 he was a member of 
the Brooklyn board of education, and in 1882 was 
appointed a member of the same hoard l,\ Mayoi 



16 



HISTi )RY ( IF L( >NG ISLAXD. 



accept the position of a member of the board of 
elections of the city of Brooklyn. He continued 
to act as president of the latter board from 1883 
until 1850. Closely identified with the growth of 
In- section of the municipality, his influence has been 
felt in all progressive movements. He has been 
trustee and vice-president of the Mechanics & Trad- 
ers Bank of Brooklyn since 1870, and president of 
the Green Point Savings Bank since 1880. A lead- 
ing factor in the control of these institutions, his 
safe, conservative policy and straightforward meth- 
ods have commanded uniform confidence and there- 
fore gained a liberal support of the public patron- 
age. In his profession he is particularly strong as 
a counsellor and advisor and is widely known for 
his sound sense, his solid learning and his prac- 
tical judgment. 

In January, 1861, Mr. Perry was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Charlotte T. Horton, a daughter of 
William Horton, a manufacturer of edged tools in 
Xew York city. They have ten children, to whom 
excellent educational advantages have been offered, 
The eldest son, George H., is now associated with 
his father in practice. He was born in Brooklyn 
August 9. i86j, pursued his elementary education iir 
the public schools, later attended the high school 
of Brooklyn and subsequently the Polytechnic In- 
stitute. In 1886 he took the degree of LL. B. r.t 
the Columbia College Law School, and in 1896 the 
degree of master of law was conferred upon him 
by the Xew York University Law School. Soon 
after taking his degree he was admitted to the bar 
and began the practice of law in the office of his 
father, uncle and cousin, with which firm lie is now 
associated in business. His specialty in the practice 
is equity and surrogate law, to which he has de- 
voted In- time and attention with the result that he 
has the reputation of a very skillful practitioner 111 
those departments of jurisprudence 

CHARLES A. SCHIEREN. 

Charles A. Schieren, former mayor of Brooklyn, 
i nf German parentage, having been born in Rhenish 
Prussia, February 28, 1842. He came to this coun- 
try with In- parents al the age of fourteen, and the 
family settled in Brooklyn, which has always since 
been \li Schieren's home Vfter completing his 
education he wa engaged foi several years in busi- 
ness with his father. In iNoj he obtained employ- 
ment in the leather belting establishment •■!" Philip 
1 ! ■ lay, in New York city, mid upon the death 
of Mi I 'a ■111.11 in the nccei ding year In- w as made 
ol the concern, a pi 1 lition in which he 
continued until 1868. Having accumulated a mod 
■ '.i.il from his savings, he then embarked 



in business for himself, founding the leather belting 
establishment of Charles A. Schieren. 

Air. Schieren's business career has been one of 
continuous success, and his In, use is among the 
foremost of its kind, not only in New York city, but 
in the world. His personal contribution to the de- 
velopment of the leather belting industry by his in- 
ventions has indeed been most notable and affords 
very substantial evidence of the qualities which 
have earned him a conspicuous place among the 
successful Americans of our times. He is a well- 
known and public-spirited member of the business 
community of Xew York city. He was one of the 
founders, and has long been vice-president, of the 
Hide and Leather Xational Bank." He is president 
of the Germania Savings Bank of Brooklyn, and a 
trustee of the Brooklyn Trust Company. 

In his political affiliations he has always been a 
Republican. He took an active part in the Lincoln 
campaign and was a member of the Famous "Wide 
Awakes," who did most splendid work toward the 
election of Lincoln. He has been an ardent worker 
and member of the Republican party ever since. Mr. 
Schieren was one of the principal leaders who re- 
organized the Republican party in Brooklyn upon 
the election district association plan, which proved 
very beneficial and led to the final overthrow of the 
Democratic ring in Brooklyn. His connection with 
public affairs, however, has been that of a repre- 
sentative citizen, to whom honors have come un- 
sought and not as a reward of formal party lead- 
ership or special partisan activity. Tn 1893 ne was 
nominated for mayor of the city of Brooklyn and 
was elected to that office by an overwhelming ma- 
jority, receiving the general support of the inde- 
pendent voters. His administration of the mayoralty 
has been thus described: 

"He entered upon his duties as mayor under 
great difficulties. He found the credit of the city 
greatly impaired : millions of certificates of indebt- 
edness were outstanding, and contracts and other 
obbgations against the city unpaid. This hampered 
bis administration of affairs considerably at first. 
but be soon mastered the situation, re-established 
the credit of the city, and paid off as speedily as 
possible all just claims against the city. 

"During In- term of office many important pub- 
he improvements were planned and executed Wall- 
about market was remodeled from an unsightly, in- 
convenient mass of wooden frame buildings to a sub- 
stantial, picturesque and valuable market. Through 
his influence and energy the bill authorizing the 
construction of the Xew East river bridge was 
passed by the legislature in 1805. the initial plans 
were made anl the work- was started. Mr. Schieren's 
administration more than doubled (he area of the 




^/„,/.v. r /. '///,„■„■ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



park land of the city of Brooklyn by adding five 
new parks, located in various sections of the city. 
Forest Park, comprising five hundred and thirty-six 
acres, was the largest of these. It is noted for its 
natural beauty and high elevation, affording a fine 
view of both the ocean and Long Island sound. An- 
other, Dyker Beach Park, of one hundred and forty- 
four acres, gives the public several thousand feet of 
ocean front. Riparian rights were secured and final 
plans adopted for the Shore Driveway along the 
Narrows, which, when completed, will make it one 
of the finest driveways in the world. During his 
term Mr. Schieren devoted his entire time to the 
service of the city. He declined a renomination, 
and retired from office, leaving the city in a splendid 
financial condition and a large surplus in its treas- 
ury." 

His term as mayor of Brooklyn ended on the 
31st of December, 1895. He has since been called to 
several honorable appointive positions. In 1898 he 
was appointed by President McKinley a member and 
treasurer of the Cuban relief committee. He served 
as chairman of the New York commerce commission, 
appointed by Governor Black, and was a member 
of the charter revision commission, appointed by 
Governor Roosevelt. Aside from the high reputa- 
tion which ex-Mayor Schieren enjoys as the result 
of his public services, he is one of the most prom- 
ient, respected and useful citizens of the community 
in which he resides. He has long been actively iden- 
tified with religious and charitable work, and is 
known as a man of warm sympathies and as an 
earnest supporter of religious, charitable and prac- 
tical enterprises, as well as movements of useful 
kinds. He is a member of various select clubs and 
societies. 

THE HUNTINGTON FAMILY. 

The history of this family in Easthampton covers 
a period of very nearly one whole century, begin- 
ning in 1797 and ending in 1892. when the home- 
stead on the main street, so long identified with the 
name, was sold to Edward H. Dayton, who now oc- 
cupies it. This homestead was purchased by Dr. 
Abel Huntington early in the last century from the 
estate of Captain James Wickham, who was a man 
of note, having been a member of the Colonial 
Congress, and who, during the war of the Revolu- 
tion, commanded a privateer from Stonington and 
captured several vessels from the enemy. Here the 
Huntingtons lived and died during the major part 
of the nineteenth century, and probably no family 
from the foundation of the town exerted a larger 
or better influence over its social, moral and intel- 



lectual growth and development. Hon. H. P. Hedges, 
in his recent history of Easthampton, speaks of the 
Huntington family as "descended from that famous 
Connecticut family of Huntingtons who shone in 
the spheres of statesmanship, finance, jurisprudence 
and all the professions of scholarship and learning," 
etc. 

The genealogy of the Huntington family, so far 
as it has to do with Easthampton, embraces three 
generations, as follows: Abel (Hon. M. D.), son 
of Ezra, born February 21, 1777, in Norwich, Con- 
necticut. In 1797 he removed to Easthampton. Long 
Island. His wife was Frances Lee, daughter of 
George Lee. of Norwich. She died in Easthampton 
at the birth of her fifth child, which was buried with 
the mother in the same coffin. She was a most es- 
timable lady. The children of Abel were as follows: 
Mariette, born October 9, 1800; she died February 
1. 1882 Cornelia, born June 24. 1803. died April 
IS, 1890. Abby L, born August 9, 1806. died July 
30. 1804. George Lee (M. D.), born July 15, 1811, 
died February 22, 1881. 

The children of George Lee are: Benjamin H., 
born September 21, 1835; Charles G, born March 
3, [838, and died September 8. 1848: Abel (M. D.), 
born October 14. 1X40: George (M. DA, born April 
9, 1850: and Mary E., born December 19, 1853. 

\U'I Huntington, the first of his name in East- 
hampton, after pursuing his professional studies 
with the eminent Dr. Philemon Tracy, of Norwich, 
and obtaining a diploma from the Medical Faculty 
of Connecticut, crossed the Sound in 1797 and lo- 
cated at Easthampton, being then in his twenty-first 
year. After spending a year or more there he an- 
nounced his intention of removing to another and 
more distant field, and was about departing when 
the citizens called a public meeting and drew up a 
testimonial, which was at once expressive of the 
high esteem in which he was held and a plea for 
him to remain. In addition to this a pledge of a 
certain specified yearly sum was guaranteed .1- 1 
sort of retainer. The pledge was signed by most 
of the prominent citizens and was observed for a 
number of years, till the income from his practice 
was sufficient to maintain the Doctor's family. No 
further thought of removal ever arose, and the whole 
long life of the beloved physician was spent with the 
people of his choice; and there was not a house or 
a hovel for miles around in which bis professional 
skill and kind personal presence was not known and 
appreciated. 

In those early days, when qualified physicians 
and surgeons were rare in the land, the field of prac 
tice was often extensive, and Dr. Huntington would 
sometimes be absent a couple of days or more on 



20 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Van Brunt and is able to trace her lineage to 
Rutyert Joosten Van Brunt, who came with others 
from Holland in 1057 and took up a large tract of 
land at Bay Ridge under royal patent. Sons in suc- 
ceeding generations from Rutyert Joosten Van Brum 
were Nicholas, Rulott, Jauues. Ruloff and Jaques. 

STEPHEN V. WHITE. 

In studying the lives and characters of prominent 
men we are naturally led to inquire into the secret 
of their success and the motives that prompted their 
action. Success is a question of genius, as held by 
many, but is it not rather a matter of experience 
and sound judgment? For when we trace the ca- 
reers of those who stand highest in public esteem we 
find in nearly every case that they are those who 
have risen gradually, fighting their way in the face 
of all opposition. Self-reliance, conscientiousness, 
energy and honesty arc the traits of character that 
insure the highest emoluments and greatest suc- 
cess ["o these may we attribute the success that has 
crowned the efforts of Mr. White. 

Stephen Van Culen White was born in Pittsboro, 
Chatham county. North Carolina, August I, 1831. 
His father, Hiram White, married Julia Brewer, and 
in September^ 1831; the parents removed from North 
Carolina to Illinois, where they spent their remain- 
ing days, the father passing away in i860 and the 
mother iii [868. Mr. White traces his ancestry back 
to David White, a native of Ireland, who emigrated 
to what 1- now Wilmington. Delaware, about the 
year [720 Hi- son Charles was born about 1727, 
and became the father of Stephen White, whose 
birth occurred in 1751 The last named was the fa- 
ther of Hiram. White, who was born August 16, 1799, 
and became the father of our subject. He was a 
Baptist in his religions belief and was opposed to 
slavery. During the Nat Turner uprising in 1831 
be defied the sentiments of the community in which 
he lived in North Carolina, refusing to do police 
duty to guard againsl difficulties with the slaves, and 
for this be was obliged to leave the state, He took 
bis family by wagon through Tennessee and Ken- 
tucky and settled iii Ilinois. In the family were 
two -on and a daughtet < 'in- of the former, Na- 
thaniel Brewer White, died in Florida, in the year 
[888. The daughter. Jane Elizabeth Allen, is now 
living in St Louis. 

From an earh age Mr White, of this review. 

d pei ial f mdni fot 1 '■ 1 [e attended 

the Hamilton primary school of Otterville, Jersey 
county. Illinois, and aftei " ..■■]■ 1 | 

lege, being graduated in tied institution on the 22d 
of June, [854, Determining to make thi practice 
of law his life work, he began reading with the 



firm of Brown & Kasson, of St. Louis. He worked 
on the Missouri Democrat, now the Globe Demo- 
crat, and was admitted to the bar on the 4th of Oc- 
tober, 1856. In December of that year he removed to 
Des Moines and opened an office for the practice 
of his profession. In 1861 he successfully defended 
the first treason case ever tried in the state. In 1864, 
during the illness of the United States district at- 
torney, he took his place in the trial of several civil 
and criminal cases. He continued his practice in 
Des Moines until January, 1865, when he removed 
to New York city and for two years was a member 
of the firm of Marvin & White. Wall street brokers. 
During the succeeding twenty-five years he engaged 
in business alone, at which time he formed a part- 
nership with Arthur B. Claflin and F. W. Hopkins, 
under the firm name of S. V. White & Company. In 
1S87 Arthur B. Claflin withdrew from the firm, and 
in 1891 S. V. White & Company failed, Mr. White's 
entire fortune having been swept away. Knowing 
his great ability and his incorruptible honesty, his 
creditors released him in full and permitted him to 
continue on the floor of the exchange. Eleven 
months after his readmission to the New York 
stock exchange he had paid in full, with interest, his 
indebtedness of nine hundred and fifty thousand 
dollars. For many years he was the chief operator 
in Delaware. Lackawanna & Western stock, which 
made him well known on Wall street. His business 
affairs have ever been conducted in the most straight- 
forward manner and he enjoys the unqualified confi- 
dence of all with whom he has been associated. 

Soon after his removal to Brooklyn Mr.. White 
became a warm personal friend of Henry Ward 
Beecher. and was the treasurer and president of 
the board of trustees of Plymouth church. Though 
his business interests have been extensive and have 
made heavy demands upon his tune and attention. 
lie has ever found time to devote to the work of 
the church and has contributed liberally to advance 
its interests. He was one of the founders of the 
American Astronomical Society, and for twenty 
year owned the largest private telescope in America. 
It is the popular opinion that a Wall street broker 
has time for nothing but money making, but through 
a long period Mr. White has spent a considerable 
portion of his time in following the almost mystic 
courses of the stars. He is a man of scholarly at- 
tainments, whose researches have been carried far 
and wide into the realms of scientific investiga- 
tion, and at the same time he is familiar with the 
he, 1 works of literature, reading Latin and Greek 
works in the original text. He is a fluent speaker, 
ami many beautiful and valuable prose and poetic 
works have come from his pen. He made a transla- 
tion of Dies Irae, which has been favorably com- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAXD. 



merited upon. As an indication of his ability and as 
a writer and orator we quote the following, for it also 
bears directly upon the scenes of his life work: 

"Upon the occasion of the retirement of Edmund 
Clarence Stedman, the writer, as a member of the 
Xew York Stock Exchange, the 15th of February, 
1900. his friends and fellow members of the ex- 
change honored him by presenting to him a silver 
loving cup. Never before in the history of the ex- 
change has a retiring member been thus honored. 
At three o'clock in the afternoon, in the board room 
of the exchange, about one hundred of Mr. Sted- 
man's associates gathered around him and S. V. 
White, a prominent Brooklyn member, presented the 
loving cup." Mr. White said : 

"I feel it a great honor, Mr. Stedman. to have 
been called upon to voice the love of a thousand 
men who are compelled to sever their business re- 
lations with you to-day. I have been selected 
through their partiality, — perchance from our long 
connection of thirty-one years as fellow members; 
perchance it is because of our abiding friendship, 
which has never known a break, — but from whatever 
cause, the honor is mine. 

"Clarence, you and I have grown old together. 
I must be permitted to speak plainly for once. I 
must emphasize one fact, in justice to you and in 
justice to me. Your dual life as financier and lit- 
terateur is unique among men. Your friends have 
met you daily for months and years. You seemed 
ever with us — ever in this busy whirl. But at the 
same time you have walked and wrought in an 
ethereal world. 

"In studying your diverse walks I am reminded 
of a night that I spent upon Mount Washington, 
and in the morning, thousands of feet below us. 
there was a sea of clouds, absolutely impenetrable 
and filled with mist and fog. Above, all was clear 
and serene, and I saw the 'crimson streak on the 
ocean's cheek grow into the great sun.' All above us 
was brightness; all below us was mist: and so in the 
two departments of your life you have breathed the 
empyrean and you have drudged with us in the 
mire. 

"Your literary labors have been exhausting am! 
exhaustive. Away back in 1869 you wrote 'Pan in 
Wall Street' and 'Israel Freyer's Bid for Gold;' since 
since then you have given the world 'The Victorian 
Poets' and 'Poets of America;' you have published 
'Victorian Anthology' and 'American Anthology;' 
you have edited Poe in ten volumes and American 
Authors in eleven, and you have edited newspapers 
and written fur the magazines in ceaseless labor. 
No other man has done the same. Whittier, the 
poet of the people, never parted from bis muse, and 
the distant roar of the Atlantic soothed him by 



night and the flowers and bees and birds inspired 
him by day. 

"The author of Thanatopsis' wrote that view of 
death while yet in college, and his later works out- 
side of his editorial field were few and far be- 
tween. Bayard Taylor gave up literature before he 
took up statecraft. Longfellow and Lowell are said 
to have lived at ease on ancestral patrimony, while 
Holmes wrote as a pastime to a medical practice. 
To you it was reserved to be at once banker and 
poet and to achieve success in both. 

"Clarence, when we roughed it together en this 
floor we never forgot for a moment that you lived 
m an. ilber realm. We bad improved on the herds- 
men of Admetus. When Apollo dwelt with them 
they (111 nut know him as the sun god. Hut all 
through our work here we were 'on to your curves' 
in another sphere, and a jaunty boutonniere of laurel 
in memory of the lamented Daphne was tossed you 
m our minds day by day as you worked with us. 
And now I am about to do an act which brings me 
in touch with a great poet, whom we have mourned 
together. 

"To be known as the friend of Whittier' s friend 
brings an honor to one as closely as did the return- 
ing Hibernian who came from Boston to Brooklyn, 
after having been introduced to John L. Sullivan. 
His companion met him with a vigorous grasp, say- 
ing. 'Put it right there, Denny; let me shake the 
hand that shook the hand of Sullivan.' And so it 
can at least be said that Whittier and I have dedi- 
cated something to a mutual friend. 

"The last volume that Whittier wrote was dedi- 
cated to you in a single stanza. I dedicate to your 
double labors ten stanzas to make clear my admira- 
tion for your mysterious power. These are my 



'In the realms of high Olympus 
A youthful dreamer strayed. 

( >f sturdy stuck 

From old Plymouth Rock. 
His boyish fancy played. 

There dwelt the gods in grandeur. 
And the heaven was filled with light. 

While bis dauntless gaze 

Withstood its rays. 
And the Immortals felt his might. 

■There stood old Zeus, the father. 
And there stood Ares brave ; 

And the muses nine. 

With touch divine. 
Their inspiration gave. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



''Athene's wisdom lent its power. 
Aphrodite's beauty shone. 

And the dreamer sang. 

In words that rang 
With a sweetness all their own. 

"Then up spoke sly old Hermes 
(He is the banker's god) 
And he said, 'Forsooth, 
My earnest youth, 
As a poor man do not plod. 

"'Below the clouds is the merchant's mart, 
And commerce spreads her wings. 

There are heaps of gold 

And wealth untold, 
And labor honor brings.' 

"To earth came the poet-hanker. — 
In Wall street's mart he stood. 
Where they shout and yell, 
As they buy and sell. 
And he wrought there as he could. 

"One day in the bright empyrean. 
One day with gains bedight, 
He bought and sold 
MM he gathered gold. 
With brain and nerve aright. 

"With men he's the poet-banker. 
The banker-poet above, 

The pride id' the masses. 

The pride of Parnassus; 
Willi men and with muses in love. 

"Oh. Clarence, our loved .me 1 when hack with 
the muses, 
When hade on ( >K mpus .nice m. .re. 
As you look from your height 
With eye- of delight, 
You'll yearn for the 'boys on the 11. .or."'. 

In 1857 Mr. White was married to Eliza Matilda 
Chandler, of Staunton, Illinois, a .laughter of Hiram 
Chandler and a granddaughter of Joseph Chandler, 
wh.. was at lu- father's side in the battle of Ben- 
nington when the latter was hilled lie bore Hie 

inline of Benj in Chandler Mr- White 1- of the 

eighth generation in desccnl from Mile- Standish 



and 11 


in John Ahlei, a 


Mr. an 


1 Mr-. White h; 


Jennie, 


wh.. is the wife 


banker 




White 


lopkins and StC] 


Arthur 


a s|, icl brol . 



Beecher, a daughter of Colonel Harry Beecher, of 
Brooklyn, and a granddaughter of Henry Ward 
Beecher. They have two children, — Dorothy and 
Stephen Van Culen. 

In his political views Mr. White is a stalwart 
Republican, recognized as one of the leading mem- 
bers of the party. He was a member of congress . 
from a Brooklyn district in 1887-9, and for some 
years prior to that time served as a park commis- 
sioner. He takes a deep and active interest in every- 
thing pertaining to the public welfare, withholding 
his support from no movement or measure calcu- 
lated to advance the material, social, intellectual 
and moral progress. A member of the Plymouth 
church of Brooklyn, he has served as the treasurer 
and a trustee for over thirty years. He has been 
a trustee of the Polytechnic Institute from 1884 
until the present time, and for more than a third 
of a century has been a life member of the Brooklyn 
library. Socially he is a valued representative of 
the Union League, Hamilton. Lincoln and Brooklyn 
Clubs. He has never permitted the acquisition of 
wealth to affect in any way his actions toward those 
less successful than he. and has always a cheerful 
word and pleasant smile for all with whom he comes 
in contact. 

BRYAN HOOKER SMITH. 

Mr. Smith is still a resident of his native city, 
Brooklyn, where he was born January 29, 1829, his 
parents being Cyrus Porter and Lydia (Hooker) 
Smith. His father was the first mayor of the city 
of Brooklyn, elected by popular vote in 1840. On 
the maternal side he is lineally descended from the 
famous Rev. Thomas Hooker, founder of the colony 
of Connecticut. In the schools of Brooklyn he ac- 
quired his education, and after putting aside his 
text-books entered upon what proved to he a most 
successful and honorable business career. For many 
years he was a wholesale merchant of New York, 
and his husines, assumed extensive proportions, the 
house -ending its goods into almost every state in 
the Union. Since 1891 he litis left its management 
entirely to others, practically retired from business 
life. In 1893, however, he was called into active 
relations with the financial world, being chosen 
president of the Brooklyn Savings Bank, in which 
capacity he has since remained, his sound judgment 
directing the affairs of that important institution. 
Otherwise he is enjoying that rest from business 
cares to which a long and honorable career of 
"activity in the trade circles of the land well en- 



1 particularly 
of our land, 




n^-p ■# zy 



q 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



believing intelligence to be the basis of a strong na- 
tion, and his influence and support have ever been 
given to the furtherance of educational movements. 
Since 1896 he has been the president of the Packer 
Collegiate Institute of Brooklyn, and is a trustee of 
the Long Island Historical Society. He is a trustee 
of the Brooklyn Hospital and is connected with many 
benevolent and charitable institutions, but shuns 
every appearance of notoriety in this regard. His 
career has been guided by a spirit of usefulness and 
of conscientious obligations. He is a man of digni- 
fied appearance, commanding respect through an 
honorable life. 

JARVIS S. WIGHT, A. M, M. D„ LL. D. 

In the comparison of the relative value to man- 
kind of the various professions and pursuits to which 
men devote their time and energies, it is widely 
recognized that none is more important than the 
medical profession. Man's most priceless treasure is 
life, and throughout all ages close study and at- 
tention have been given to the mastery of the great 
fundamental laws of life and health. Investigation 
has broadened the field of knowledge until. the work 
now accomplished by the medical faculties seems 
marvelous. Among those who have been leaders 
in the work of solving the mysteries attendant upon 
the phenomena of life is Dr. Wight, who has carried 
his researches far beyond those of others and has 
gained knowledge that has proven of great prac- 
tical value and benefit to the human race. He is 
to-day recognized as one of the most distinguished 
surgeons of the country. He has a large private 
practice, is one of the most celebrated lecturers in 
the Empire state, is dean of the Long Island Col- 
lege Hospital, and at the same time is a student; 
continually thinking upon new and broader lines of 
labor in connection with the practice of medicine 
and surgery. 

A native of Centerville, Allegany county, New 
York, Jarvis Sherman Wight was born January -, 
1834, unto Uzzier and Caroline (Van Buren) Wight. 
He is a descendant of Thomas Wight, who came 
from the Isle of Wight to America in 1635. His 
maternal ancestors were from Holland. They took 
■up their residence in the Mohawk valley in an early 
period in the colonial history of America. A 
brother of a member of the Van Buren family who 
first came to this country settled at Kinter I look, 
and from him is descended the branch uf the family 
to which President Van Buren belonged. 

Dr. Wight obtained his early education through 
close personal study while living in Westfield, New 
York, whither his parents removed about 1S43. He 
was graduated in Tufts College in 1861, with the 



degree of Bachelor of Arts, and won that of Master 
of Arts in 1882, while in 181)4 that of Doctor of 
Laws was conferred upon him. His medical edu- 
cation was obtained in the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons and in the Long Island College Hos- 
pital, being graduated in the latter institution with 
the degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1864. Since 
that time he has engaged in practice in Brooklyn, 
and is indeed an ornament to the profession. For 
many years he has devoted the greater part of his 
attention to surgical work, in which he has acquired 
an enviable reputation. Lie has performed the most 
difficult operations known to surgery, including the 
treatment of a stab wound of the heart. He is a 
lm >st rapid operator, believing that time saved in an 
operation is an important clement in maintaining 
life. His success in this branch of the profession 
is certainly due in a large measure to his wonder- 
ful, minute and accurate acquaintance with anatomy, 
combined with an exquisite power of di 
cool head, steady muscles and great mechanical 
genius. No man, living or dead, no matter how 
great the halo of glory or recollections that may 
arise at the mention of the name, ever had more 
or better success attending his efforts to relieve the 
ailments of suffering humanity than have followed 
as the direct sequence of the work of this truly 
great surgeon. During his long experience in the 
practice of surgery he has recognized the need of 
many surgical instruments which his inventive 
genius has devised. Among these may be mentioned 
artery forceps, forceps aneurism needle, self-thread- 
ing needle especially adapted for the closing of ab- 
dominal wounds, pressure forceps for arresting 
hemorrhage, the first ever made, beaked knife for 
opening the sheaths of blood vessels, ether inhaler. 
bone drill, pile clamp, hysterectomy clamp and others. 

The Doctor's contributions to medical literature 
have been many and valuable, and his opinions are 
largely regarded as authority throughout the medical 
fraternity of the country. Among his writings which 
have appeared in book form are : "A Treatise on 
Myodynamics," "A Memorial of Frank Hastings 
Hamilton, M. D.,'' "Suggestions to the Medical 
Witness" and "A Memorial of Orlando Williams 
Wight, M. P." 

For more than thirty years Dr. Wight has taught 
medicine and surgery, sometimes giving as many as 
ten lectures per week. He has frequently conducted 
six clinics each week and has often performed mm ir 
operations on the following Sundays. Although he 
has delivered more medical lectures than any other 
teacher in the United States, be has never re. el a 
single lecture or even taken notes into the lecture 
room. During the last year of the Civil war he was 
assist. mi surgeon by contract in the I'nikd States 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



army al Baltimore. For some years he was assist- 
ant surgeon in the Long Island College Hospital, 
was professor of materia medica and therapeutics 
from 1 3/0 until 1874. registrar from 1S70 until 1884, 
professor of principles and practice of surgery and 
clinical surgery from 1874 until 1884. \ isiting sur- 
geon since 1874. professor of operative and clinical 
surgery since 1884 and dean of the faculty since 
1895. He has been consulting surgeon of St. Mary's 
Hospital since 1885. of the Brooklyn Eastern District 
Hospital since 1892, and consulting surgeon to the 
Xew York State Hospital for the Ruptured and 
Crippled. He was the founder of the Long Island 
College Hospital Alumni Association, was its presi- 
dent in 1884 and has also been the president of the 
Surgical Society of Brooklyn, of which society he 
was the founder, and with which he has a member- 
ship connection. He wrote the first constitution of 
the Society of Medical Jurisprudence, was elected 
the first vice-president of the organization and de- 
clared its president. He is also a member of the 
Medical Society of the County of Kings, the New 
York State Medica! Society, the American Medical 
Association, the American Surgical Association, the 
Physicians National Association, the British Medical 
Association and Physicians Mutual Aid Associa- 
tion of Xew York. 

])r. Wight was married, January 19, 1871. to Miss 
Marj Center, daughter of Joseph Center, an attorney 
in Brooklyn, and unto them have been born three 
children: Joseph (enter, who married Edith Petitt, 
of Brooklyn, and is an attorney of New York; 
Jarvis Sherman Wight, Jr., a physician, who was 
graduated in the Long Island College Hospital in 
the class of [89s and married Ida Robbins, of 
( )rangc Xew Jersey, by whom he has one child, 
Evelyn: and Carol Van Buren, who married Alice 
Stall Knecht and is engaged in the real-estate busi- 
riess in Brooklyn. Dr. Wight is a man of high 
lity, broad human sympathies and toler- 
ance, and imbued with fine sensibilities and clearly 
defined principles. Honor and integrity are 
synonymous with his name, and he enjoys the rc- 
spect, confidenci and high regard of the community. 
Iii J, Sherman Wight was born twentj eighl 
year-, ago and is a son of the late eminent Dr. 
Jarvis Wight, well known as the dean of Long 
College ] hospital, lie was educated in the 
grammar schools and later under private tutors, 
graduating al the Polytechnic Institute in 1892 with 
B S . and in 189- al Long 1 Ian I 
College Hospital with the degree of M I >. He has 

I in aein e practice, making sonic 

specialt> of urger) He 1- a member of the Med 
ical Society of the Count) ol King . the State Med 



is assistant visiting surgeon to Long Island Hos- 
pital. He is a lecturer and operator in clinical sur- 
gery as well as an operator in practical obstetrics. 
He is a medical examiner for the Xew York Life 
Insurance Company, and served one year as interne 
in the Long Island Hospital. 

He has prepared a number of papers which have 
been read before the medical societies and a num- 
ber of which .have been reported in medical jour- 
nals. Among some of the more important was a 
paper on Double Foetation, which was reported in 
the Xew York Medical Journal ; also a report of 
cases of stricture of the deep urethra. He prepared 
a report of the new method of X-rays photography, 
which was published in the Philadelphia Medical 
Journal: also a reort of cases now coming out in 
the Brooklyn Medical Journal, besides numerous 
other articles. 

He was married to Ida Robbins, of Moorestown, 
Xew Jersey, and they have one child. 

TRUMAN J. BACKUS. LL. D. 

The gentleman here named has a wide reputation 
in literary circles, and possesses a weight of char- 
acter, a native sagacity, a far-seeing judgment and 
a fidelity of purpose that commands the respect of 
all. A man of indefatigable enterprise and fertility 
of resource, he carves his name deeply on the records 
of Brooklyn in connection with the educational in- 
terests of the city. 

He was horn in the town of Locke, Cayuga coun- 
ty. Xew York. February 11. 1842. and his father was 
a distinguished Baptist divine and for many years 
held the position of corresponding secretary and ex- 
ecutive officer of the American Baptist Home Mis- 
sionary Society. On the paternal side the ancestry 
can be traced back to Isaac Backus, of Groton, 
Massachusetts, while on the maternal side he is de- 
scended from Roger Williams. 

In the public schools of the city of Xew York 
Truman Jay Backus acquired his elementary educa- 
tion, which was supplemented by study in the high 
School of Syracuse. Xew York, where he prepared 
for college. He entered the University of Rochester 
in [860 lie w,is graduated with his class at the 
University of Rochester 111 1804. With the intention 
..1' making the practice of law his life work, he be- 
gan reading tin- texl books containing the funda- 
mental principles of jurisprudence, bul abandoned 
the study of law when invited to accept thf chair of 
English literature in Vassar College. Mr. Backus 
entered upon his duties at Vassar alter the college 
had Keen opened for one year, and for sixteen years 

In remained an active member of the facility of that 

institution lie was in el,.,,,:, of the departmenl 





■/^^/ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



of English literature and the collateral department 
of rhetoric. He introduced the method of the theme, 
now prevalent in colleges, where fine work is done 
in English, and he abandoned the old method of 
teaching the history of literature, preferring to teach 
the literature itself. 

In 1883 Mr. Backus was invited to accept the 
headmastership of the Packer Collegiate Institute 
of Brooklyn, and accepted the position. The school 
was gradually transformed along lines looking to- 
wards systematic departmental training in languages 
and science and literature. The corps of teachers 
was largely increased. Strong efforts were made 
by the friends of the higher education of women 
in the city of Brooklyn to have the institute take a 
charter as a college to confer degrees, but Dr. 
Backus took the position and strongly maintained 
it. that the need of higher education of women at 
this time is not the larger number of colleges, but 
of model schools doing advanced work in secondary 
grades. His aim has been to maintain a higher 
high school for young women than is to be found 
elsewhere in the country- His purpose in this 
particular has been heartily sustained by the board 
of trustees, and at this time a course of study at 
the Packer Instituute overlaps the regular college 
course by about two years. Students from the 
Packer Institute have been admitted at colleges as 
members of junior classes. The trustees, acting in 
accordance with the wishes of the principal, have 
adopted the unique plan of sending students to 
enter the freshman class at college as soon as pre- 
pared, and considering them as absent from the in- 
stitute on leave. Such students furnishing the re- 
quired certificate from their colleges that they have 
maintained a high standing in college in the class to 
which they were admitted, are allowed to receive 
their diplomas at the institute, provided students 
thus absent on leave make application for such privi- 
leges. The result is that the students going from the 
institute to college, who secure such special endorse- 
ment from the colleges, with few exceptions, secure 
the diploma of the institute at the time their class- 
mates remaining in the institute are graduated. The 
principal of the institute believes that a thoroughly 
classified high school with a large number of teach- 
ers, secures all the advantages that more detailed 
personal attention to the welfare of the student can 
give, and at the same time gains the power and 
enthusiasm that can be found only in work that is 
done on a large scale under thorough organization. 
Dr. Backus prepared and introduced what is known 
as Backus' Edition of Shaw's History of English 
Literature, which is more largely used as a text- 
book in school than any other history of literature. 

Truman Jay Backus is a member of the Society 



of the Phi Beta Kappa, a member of the Century 
Club, of Xew York, and of the Hamilton Club, of 
Brooklyn, the president of the board of trustees of 
the Young Women's Christian Association, of 
Brooklyn, and for three years was the president of 
the board of managers of the Long Island State Hos- 
pital, and is interested in the state's care of the 
insane. He is a member of Plymouth church, of 
Brooklyn, and in politics is an independent Repub- 
lican. As such he was appointed by Messrs. Schieren 
and Wurster as a member of the civil service com- 
mission of Brooklyn. 

In 1S66 Mr. Backus was married to Miss Sarah 
C. Glass, of Syracuse, who died in 1881. In 188,3 
Mr. Backus was again married, to Miss Helen Hiscock, 
a member of the board of trustees of Vassar Col- 
lege. The prominence of Mr. and Mrs. Backus is 
well known. At this point it would be almost 
tautological to enter into any series of statements as 
showing our subject to lie a man of broad intelli- 
gence and genuine public spirit, for these have been 
shadowed forth between the lines of this review. 
Strong in his individuality, he never lacks the cour- 
age of bis convictions, but there are as dominating 
elements in this individuality a lively human sym- 
pathy and an abiding charity, which, taken in con- 
nection with the integrity of his character, have 
naturally gained to Mr. Backus the respect and con- 
fidence of men. 

WALTER CHILDS WOOD. M. D. 

The subject of this brief outline was born in 
Montreal, Canada, August 4. 1864, and is a son of 

Andrew S. and Lois ( Childs ) Wood, natives of 
Northampton and Conway. Massachusetts, respect- 
ively. His paternal grandparents were Asahel and 
Louise ( Burt) Wood. The Burt family was founded 
111 New England in 1639. the Wood family about 
1700. 

Dr. Wood attended the public schools of Massa- 
chusetts, whither his parents removed in 1879. and 
completed his literary education at Amherst Col- 
lege, at which he was graduated in 1886. Subse- 
quently be entered the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons of Xew York, ami was granted the degree 
of Doctor of Medicine in 1889. For eighteen month; 
he was resident in the surgical department of Bellc- 
vue Hospital, and for a time he was a student un- 
der the celebrated surgeon. Dr. Henry P. Sands. 
Five months were devoted to the study of surgery 
in the L T niversity of Edinburg. Scotland, and upon 
his return to America he spent a year in Xew 
York, giving his attention chiefly to hospital work. 

Thus well fitted for his chosen calling. Dr. Wood 
opened an office 111 Brooklyn, in 1892, and to-day 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



enjoys a rapidly increasing and exclusively surgical 
practice. For a year he was a member of the sur- 
gical staff of the Vanderbilt Clinic and the Hos- 
pital for the Ruptured and Crippled for two years. 
He was an assistant surgeon in St. Mary's Hospital, 
of Brooklyn, from 1892 to 1895, and has since been 
a surgeon in that institution ; assistant surgeon in 
the Brooklyn City Hospital from 1895 to 1897, and 
surgeon since that latter year. The Doctor is a 
member of the Medical Society of the County of 
Kings: the Brooklyn Pathological Society; the 
Brooklyn Surgical Society, of which he was presi- 
dent in 1899; the Brooklyn Medical Society; the 
Associated Physicians of Long Island; and the 
Alumni Association of Bellevue Hospital. Before 
the consolidation of Greater New York he was for 
a few years a medical examiner for the Brooklyn 
civil-service commission. 

On the 8th of December, 1892, Dr. Wood mar- 
ried Miss Ellen R. Davis, of Brooklyn, and to them 
was born one child. Eleanor. The parents are mem- 
bers of the Tompkins Avenue Presbyterian church 
and are socially prominent. 

JUDGE CHARLES W. CHURCH. 

Judge Charles W. Church, of Fort Hamilton, 
was born on the 29th of December, 1833, at what 
is now the corner of Eighteenth avenue and Sixty- 
fourth street. His father was Colonel James C. 
Church, a native of Rhode Island, who came 10 
New Utrecht in 1825 and married Maria Turnbull, 
a daughter of Thomas Turnbull, one of the early 
settlers of this locality, Fler father imported from 
Holland the bell now used in the Reformed church 
on Eighteenth avenue, at Van Pelt manor, and aided 
in building that church of worship. In 1838 Colonel 
Chinch erected the beautiful home which is now 
occupied by Judge Church, on Fort Hamilton avenue. 
He had also established a stage route from the Ful- 
ton ferry in Brooklyn through New Utrecht to Bath 
Beach, by way of Kings Highway. It was the only 
mail route at that time. In 1844 be also established 
a n.nle by way of the Shore road through Bay 
Ridge to Fulton Ferry. He served as colonel of 
the militia, was postmaster of the town and con- 
ducted a store. Active in all political affairs, his 
labors proved of value and benefit to the community 
and he was recognized as one of the leading citi- 
zens of the (own 111 which he made his home. He 
passed away in 1850 ami his wife, long surviving 
him, died in 1895. In their family were six children, 
of whom two are living, namely: Matilda, wife of 
Dr. Whiting, '<i New York, and the Judge-. 

The latter was only four years of age when his 
parents came to tin- home which he now occupies. 



This section of the city was not then built up. Fort 
Hamilton being the only building that stood in the 
neighborhood. Judge Church was a student in Eras- 
mus Hall of Flatbush and later continued his edu- 
cation and was graduated in the New York Uni- 
versity. He had just reached the age of twenty- 
two years when he was nominated to the office of 
justice of the peace and elected. A year later a 
yellow fever epidemic broke out here, and all other 
officials of the town and as many citizens as could 
get away left their homes, but Mr. Church re- 
mained, and by vigorous means stamped out the dis- 
ease. Vessels which had brought the fever were 
compelled to leave the shore and other measures 
were prosecuted until the epidemic was quelled. In 
1856 he was solicited to became a candidate for 
county superintendent and was elected to that office. 
He entered upon the position and at once inaugu- 
rated a series of reform movements against the 
extravagance hitherto practiced. He may well be 
proud of the fact that through his efforts during 
the first year the annual appropriation for the alms- 
house department was reduced from two hundred 
and fifty to one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, 
and the second year only thirty-five thousand dol- 
lars were needed to meet the necessary expenditures. 
During the first year he saved enough to leave a 
surplus, and thus the amount for the second year 
was extremely reduced. These facts are shown by 
the minutes of the board of supervisors. He was 
one of the committee to secure from the legislature 
an appropriation of thirty thousand dollars used in 
draining the marshes near Fort Hamilton and mak- 
ing this district a healthful one. The work was 
accomplished, much to his credit and to the benefit 
of the community. He also solved the problem }f 
direct communication between Fort Hamilton and 
Bath Beach. Previously the distance between the 
points was three miles, but owing to the direct route 
which he inaugurated it is now only one. Civil eu- 
gineers and others said that the work could not be 
done, but he raised a subscription and the feat was 
successfully accomplished. Through his instrumen- 
tality the town hall was built and many streets were 
opened, 'thereby improving the city and adding to 
the value of property. Many of the farmers were 
opposed to those movements, not wishing to have 
their farms cut up, and they would not sell their 
property. Judge Church carried on the work in the 
face of this opposition, the streets were made and the 
consequent growth of the town led many of the 
farmers who opposed him to become wealthy men. 
Many tunes the Judge refused to he a candidate for 
re-election but each year lie was nominated and 
elected without his consent, and his services in that 
position covered a period longer than that of anv 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



other justice of the Empire state, continuing from 
1855 until the annexation to New York city, in 
1898. Mr. Church has heen a leading spirit in 
town affairs. While in office it was his ambition 
and effort to discourage litigation, counselling the 
settlement of disputes by arbitration. While acting 
as justice of the peace he was by virtue of the office 
a member of- the town board and of the police and 
health boards, and all improvements in Fort Ham- 
ilton have been benefited by his support and co- 
operation. 

His home, which was built by his father, is a 
quaint and attractive structure, with wide piazzas, 
supported by Ionic columns extending the full length 
of the house. It is located directly opposite the resi- 
dence of the commanding officer of Fort Hamilton 
and attracts attention by reason of its architecture 
and well kept grounds. On the place is a large 
•linden tree which was planted by the Judge in 1848, 
and was brought by him as a sprig from Flatbush 
when he was a boy of fifteen years. He is a member 
of the Greek Letter Zeta Psi Society of the New 
York University, and his courteous manner, genial 
disposition and his sterling worth of character have 
made him a popular citizen, while his devotion to 
the public good has ranked him among the most 
valued residents of this section of Long Island. 

GERRIT STRYKER. 

Gerrit Stryker, who is engaged in the livery 
business in Flatbush, was born October 10. 1829, in 
the town which is still his home, and is a son of 
Peter and Gertrude (Wyckoff) Stryker. The an- 
cestry of the family was one of long connection 
with events which form the history of Long Island. 
Our subject is descended from Jans Stryker, who 
was a resident of Rotterdam, Holland, and in 1 63 5 
sailed from the land of dikes for the new world 
and established a home in the country which was 
becoming a colonization point for all Europe. Ger- 
rit Stryker now has in his possession a Bible which 
bears the date of 1606, and was brought from Hol- 
land by Jans Stryker. The latter purchased sixty 
acres of land upon which is now- located the stable 
owned by the subject of this review. He secured 
the tract from the Indians and opened Clove road. 
He carried on farming until his death. The old 
homestead was inherited by his son Peter and has 
since remained in the possession of the family. 
The line of descent is traced down from Garrett, 
John. Garrett and Peter, the last named being the 
father of our subject. He has in his possession a 
picture .if the old home that was erected in 1696. 
Throughout the years from the time of the estab- 
lishment (if the family in America to the present 



day its representatives have been prominent in con- 
nection with publlic affairs. The great-great-grand- 
father served as the first sheriff of Kings county, 
and his son, John Stryker, was a justice of the 
peace in the same county for many years. He was 
also the proprietor of the brewery which was lo- 
cated at the corner of Flatbush and Church avenues 
many years ago. Peter Stryker was a farmer by 
occupation, following that pursuit as a source of 
livelihood in order to provide for the wants and 
needs of his family. Of the Dutch Reformed 
church he was a very active member, and in that 
faith he died in the year 1832. His wife, who was 
a daughter of Hendrick Wyckoff, of Gravesend, 
passed away in 1S65, and of their children Gerrit 
is the only survivor. 

Mr. Stryker, of this review, pursued his educa- 
tion in the public schools and in Erasmus Hall, 
which is very dear to him from the pleasant asso- 
ciations there formed and the happy hour- passed 
beneath its roof. He entered upon an independent 
business career at the age of nineteen, opening a 
grocery store at the corner of Church and Flatbush 
avenues. There he continued for ten years, and in 
1849 he established a livery business on the old home 
farm, conducting it in connection with the grocery 
business for five years, when • he disposed of the 
latter, retaining the ownership of the livery -table. 
which he has since conducted. 

Mr. Stryker was married April 24. i860, to Miss 
Eliza Carter, a daughter of Matthew Carter, of New 
York. Unto them were born four children, of 
whom two are living: Viola, who is the widow of 
1 I l: Mott, and is at home: Florence, who is with 
her parents. Mr. Stryker is well known as a re- 
liable business man and has made a wide acquaint- 
ance in this locality, which is the home of his an- 
cestors and has always been his place of abode. 

WILLARD BARTLETT. LL. D. 

Willard Bartlett. a justice of the second judicial 
district, supreme court .if Kings county, Xew York, 
has been a resident of Brooklyn since 186S. He was 
born October 14. 1846, in Uxbridge, Massachusetts, 
son of the late William O. Bartlett. He was pre- 
pared for college at the Columbia College Grammar 
School and the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute, and 
was graduated at Columbia College in 1869. Mean- 
time he had also studied law. and had been admit- 
ted 10 the liar the previous year. In 1869 he began 
practice in association with Elihu Root, in New 
York city. The business of the firm was extensive 
and important, extending not only to the trial of 
cases in almost every countj :n the second judicial 
district, but also to the conduct of litigation in many 



2h 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



different part-, of the L'nited States, as well as before 
the federal courts. In 1883 he was elected justice 
of the supreme court in the second (Brooklyn) 
judicial district, and he retired from his law prac- 
tice. In 1897 he was re-elected to the position on 
the bench which he now occupies. He was asso- 
ciate justice of the Xew York general term in 1886-7, 
and he has been one of the justices of the appellate 
division in the second department since January 1, 
1S96. He is a member of a number of the leading 
social organizations, and he was for two years presi- 
dent of the New England Society of Brooklyn. In 
1895 Hamilton College conferred upon him the de- 
gree of Doctor of Laws. He has for many years 
been professor of medical jurisprudence in the Long 
Island College Hospital. 

J. EDWARD SWAX STROM. 

J. Edward Swanstrom, president of the borough 
of Brooklyn, is a native of this city, born July 26, 
1853. His father, the Rev. J. P. Swanstrom. was a 
Swede, who came to the L'nited States in company 
with John Ericsson, the inventor of the "Monitor." 
the originator of the new type of war vessels. Young 
Swanstrom began his education in the public schools 
of Brooklyn and completed it in the University of 
the City of New York. He entered upon the study 
of law under the preceptorship of Miller, Peet & 
Opdyke, of New York city, and then pursued a full 
course 111 the law school of the University of the 
City of New York, where he was graduated in 1878, 
with the highest honors attainable. He at once en- 
tend upon private practice, which soon became cx- 
tensjve, and the reports of the state bar attest the 
extent and importance of the cases which have been 
committed to his care. He has always been an ear- 
nest friend of education, and he was for many years 
a member of the Brooklyn board of education and 
of it- most important committees, and was for some 
time its president. In 1901 Mr. Swanstrom was 
elected president of the borough of Brooklyn. 

ST.. CLAIR McKELWAY. 

St. Clair McKelway, editor-in-chief of the 
"Brooklyn Eagle," was born in Columbia. Missouri. 
March 15, 1843 Tie is descended from a blended 
Scotch and Irish ancestry, and in him are united 
the robusl physical vigor and strong mental traits 
of both races. His parents were Alexander J. and 
Mary A. (Ryan) McKelway, born respectively in 
Glasgow Scotland, December 6, 1812, and in Phila- 
delphia. Pennsylvania, October 1. TS12. His pater- 
nal grandparents wire John and Isabella Buchanan 
(McGregor) McKelway. both natives of Scotland: 



the former named was educated in the classics and 
in medicine at the university in Edinburg, his birth- 
place, and died at Trenton, New Jersey, in 1877, 
aged ninety-one years, his wife having died about 
three years before. The maternal grandparents of 
our subject were Patrick A. and Mary Ryan, born 
in Dublin, Ireland, and baptized into the Church 
of England ; both died in Philadelphia, the former 
named by drowning, in 1853, and the latter named 
from old age, many years later. 

Alexander J. McKelway. father of St. Clair Mc- 
Kelway, came with his father to the L'nited States 
in 181 7. He was graduated in the classics at Prince- 
ton about 1830. and afterward in medicine at Jef- 
ferson Medical College, Philadelphia. He married 
Mary A. Ryan, in Philadelphia, in 1834. For some 
years he practiced medicine in New Jersey, and then 
moved to Missouri, where four of his seven chil- 
dren were born. He returned to New Jersey in 
1853. and at the beginning of the Civil war was 
commissioned surgeon of the Eighth Regiment of 
New Jersey Volunteers. He served until the end 
of the war and was honorably discharged in 1866. 
He resumed the practice of his profession in New- 
Jersey, and died of complications resultant from 
his war service, in Williamstown, Camden county, 
in November, 1885, in his seventy-fourth year. His 
widow died of extreme age in Philadelphia in 1898, 
in her eighty-sixth year. Both w-ere Presbyterians. 

St. Clair McKelway attended a classical acad- 
emy in Blackwood, New Jersey, the academy in 
Trenton, and the State normal school in that city. 
In 1863 he was prepared for admission to Prince- 
ton College, which he did not enter, preferring 
newspaper work, which then opened to him. In 
Trenton he combined newspaper work with the 
study of law under the late Augustus C. Richey, 
and continued journalism in New York city on the 
'World" newspaper of that day, completing his law 
studies in the office of Blatchford, Seward & Gris- 
wold. and being admitted to the bar in May. 1866. 
He did not enter upon law practice, however, but 
continued in journalism, serving in 1868-9 as the 
correspondent at Washington of the "World," and 
of the "Brooklyn Eagle." January 1, 1870, he be- 
came an editorial writer on the latter named paper, 
and continued as its leader writer until August 15. 
1878. He then became editor-in-chief of the "Al- 
bany Argus" until December S. 1884. when he re- 
turned to the "Eagle." became its editor-in-chief, 
and lias continuously occupied that position to the 
presen! tune. With thorough training, true journal- 
istic instinct, broad knowledge of affairs and inti- 
mate acquaintance with leaders in all departments 
of the world's progress, he reflects honor upon his 
profession, and in his conduct of the "Eagle" he has 



^^^*»p^ 


^^H 


^i 


W j 


\ v Hi 





C/l. ^r>/at/< ^McAe/wat/, 



Editor BROOKLYN EAGLE. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



29 



made it the exponent of the highest interests of the 
community, of the state and of the nation. 

Aside from his newspaper work, Mr. McKelway 
has performed considerable literary labor of great 
merit, but is the author of no books except such 
as have been formed from his addresses upon edu- 
cational, scientific and ethical subjects, such as '"Col- 
leges and Men." "Wealth and Learning," "The 
Lawyer and the Times." "The Doctor and the Times." 
"A Plea for Old-fashioned Preaching." 'Medical 
Experts and Other Experts." "Maker-- of Mm, Inn 
America," and a large number of discourses deliv- 
ered before universities, colleges, academies, scien- 
tific societies and the like. On occasion he has been 
an effective speaker before assemblages of national 
importance. He was chosen as orator for Brooklyn 
Day at the Chicago Exposition, at the Atlanta Ex- 
position, and at the Nashville Exposition, and also 
as orator for the state of New York at the Pan- 
American Exposition. At the request of President 
McKinley he spoke for Xew York on National Day 
at the Omaha Exposition. He has spoken before 
educational and social assemblages in Great Britain 
as well as in various portions of the United States. 

Mr. McKelway has never sought political prefer- 
ment, but he has received appreciated recognition 
from and in connection with various educational in- 
stitutions. In 1883 he was elected a member of the 
board of regents of the state of New York to suc- 
ceed Robert S. Hale, deceased, this being a life 
office. In 1890 he was elected an honorary member 
of Clio Hall, Princeton University. In 1891 he 
received from Colgate University the degree of Ma- 
ter of Arts, and in 1893 from Syracuse University 
the degree of Doctor of Laws. In 189S he received 
from Union L'niversity the degree of Doctor of Lit- 
erature ( D. C. L.). and from St. Lawrence Uni- 
versity the degree of Doctor of Humane Letters 
(L. H. D.). He is a member of the Medic. -Legal 
Society of New York ; of the New York Command- 
ery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, in 
descent from his father; an honorary member 'if 
the Long Island Historical Society and of the Suf- 
folk County Historical Society: a charter member 
and director of the American Social Science Vsso 
ciation, and a member of the American Institute of 
Arts and Letters. 

Mr. McKelway is a member of the following 
clubs in Brooklyn: The Montauk. the Hamilton, 
the Twentieth Century and the Brooklyn : and in 
Manhattan (old Xew York), of the Metropolitan, 
the National Arts, the Reform and the Barnard. 

Mr. McKelway is six feet high, of robust and 
erect carriage, has blue eyes, brown hair, and weighs 
a little over two hundred pounds. His travels have 



comprised a considerable portion of the United 
States in their range, and several European nips, 
in which he has studied England. Scotland, Fiance, 
Belgium and Italy, not merely as a tourist, but as a 
student of their political and social conditions. 

He was married December 10. 1866, to Eleanor 
Hutchison, the sister of the late Dr. Joseph Chris- 
man Hutchison, of Brooklyn, his wife being a na- 
me of Booneville, in Missouri, near Columbia, 
where her father, Dr.- Nathaniel Hutchison, bad 
practiced medicine often in consultation with the 
father of St. Clair McKelway. Two sons. Lee Mc- 
Kelway, born in 1872, and Nathaniel C. McKelway, 
born m 1874. resulted from this marriage. The 
younger son died in the flower of his youth. July 
-0. 1896. The elder son is now connected with 
the Bureau of the "Brooklyn Eagle," in Paris, 
France. Mr. McKehvay's first wife died in Albany, 
February 28, 1884. January 25, 1888. he married 
Yirginia Brooks Thompson, daughter of Samuel W. 
Thompson, disbursing officer of the New York 
custi im-house. 

BENJAMIN D. SILLIMAN, LL. D. 

Among the many illustrious men whom Brook- 
lyn has proudly claimed as its own, Benjamin D. 
Silliman stands pre-eminently conspicuous for 
strong character, profound learning in the law and 
in letters, and for services of great value to the 
community and state. He sprang from the most 
sturdy Puritan stock. Direct paternal ancestors 
served upon the bench and in the legislative coun- 
cils prior to the Revolutionary war, were ardent 
patriots during that struggle, and lived useful lives 
afterward. In the maternal line he was directly 
descended from the Puritan lovers. John Alden and 
Priscilla Mullins. 

He was born at Newport, Rhode Island, Sep 
tember 14, 1805, and was educated at Yale College, 
which had also graduated his immediate paternal 
ancestors through three generations, as well as his 
maternal ancestors in two generations. In 1873 his 
scholarly attainments were recognized by Columbia 
College, which conferred upon him the degrei of 
Doctor of Laws, and the following year bis alma 
mater bestowed the same honor. He studied law in 
the offices of Chancellor Kent, and his son. Judge 
William Kent, and in 1839 was admitted to the pro- 
fession which he was to adorn during a long and 
exceedingly active career. In 1889 he completed 
sixty years of professional life, and the occasion 
was made memorable by a complimentary banquet 
given in his honor and graced with glowing tributes 
paid him by many of the foremost men of the day, 



30 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



In early life Mr. Silliman was a Whig, and in 
1S39 he was a delegate to the Harrisburg convention 
which nominated General William Henry Harrison 
for the presidency. In 1843 he was a candidate for 
congress, but was defeated with his ticket. Later 
he served in the general assembly, and at the ensu- 
ing election declined a nomination for the senator- 
ship. On the disruption of the Whig party he be- 
came a Republican, and he was the first United 
States attorney for the eastern district of New 
York, appointed by President Lincoln, and he served 
until 1866, when he resigned on account of the ex- 
actions of his personal practice. In 1872 he was a 
member of the commission appointed to propose 
amendments to the state constitution. In 1873. with 
the remainder of the Republican ticket, he was de- 
feated for the attorney-generalship of the state. 

Mr. Silliman was an active member of various 
social bodies and others engaged in the promotion 
of worthy public causes. For more than twenty 
years he was president of the Brooklyn Club ; he 
was president of the Yale Alumni Association of 
Long Island, and held a similar position in the 
New England Society of Brooklyn ; for nearly 
forty years he was a manager of the House of 
Refuge for Juvenile Delinquents, in New York, and 
was one of the founders and a vice-president of the 
Bar Association of that city ; at various times he 
was a director of the Long Island Historical Society, 
and he occupied official positions in several benevo- 
lent and literary organizations. 

Mr. Silliman was surpassingly brilliant as a lit- 
terateur and critic. Among his many productions, 
his "Address Before the Graduating Law Class of 
Columbia College." delivered May 15. 1867. and his 
"Review of Benedict's Translation of the Hymns of 
the Middle Ages and other Mediaeval Hymns," pub- 
lished in 1S68. are particularly admirable for deep 
research and discriminating analysis. 

GEORGE McNAUGHTON. M. D. 

Among those occupying the front rank of the 
Brooklyn medical profession, and pre-eminent in cer- 
tain lines of surgery, is Dr. George McNaughton, 
of Clinton avenue. He was born in Mumford, Mon- 
roe county. New York. July 4, 1S56, son of Daniel 
C. and Margaret (Blue) McNaughton. His father, 
who was a manufacturer of agricultural implements, 
was a son of Peter McNaughton, who removed to 
Monroe county from Galway, Saratoga county, 
where Dr. McNaughton's great-grandfather, a native 
of Scotland, was an early settler. Daniel C. Mc- 
Naughton was born in 1808, and died in 1879; his 
widow survives, and yet occupies the old home- 
stead. They were the parents of twelve children, 



ten sons and two daughters, all of whom came to 
maturity, and of whom but three are deceased. 

Dr. McNaughton, the eleventh child in the fam- 
ily, was educated under the old Scotch plan of min- 
isterial tuition, and was thoroughly grounded in 
the English branches. He entered upon the study 
of medicine in the Bellevue Hospital Medical Col- 
lege, and was graduated with his degree in 1878. An 
interneship of one year in the Charity Hospital of 
Jersey City was of material advantage to him, af- 
fording him an opportunity for observation of a 
wide range of cases and for a beginning in practice. 
After practicing for a year in LeRoy, New York, 
his ambition led him to seek a larger field, and in 
18S1 he located in Brooklyn. For a time his prac- 
tice here was of a general nature, but he soon 
developed a special aptitude for gynecology and ab- 
dominal surgery, and for several years past he has 
given his attention almost exclusively to these de- 
partments of medical science, having attained to a 
degree of proficiency which has established his repu- 
tation as one of the most able and successful ope- 
rators in Greater New York. Enthusiastic in his 
desire for personal improvement, and to contribute 
to the advancement of the profession and the relief 
of suffering humanity, he has always been a watch- 
ful observer and intent student, and he has devised 
various methods and appliances which have been 
of great usefulness. He has also given much atten- 
tion to laryngeal surgery, and he was the first in 
Brooklyn to take up intubation of the larynx and 
to report that operation with anti-toxine treatment. 
An invalid's coach, first suggested by him. is now 
in general use throughout the civilized world. His 
observations and views with reference to various 
professional topics, more particularly under the head 
of gynecology, form valuable contributions to medi- 
cal literature, consisting of papers read by him before 
professional bodies in which he holds membership, 
and placed in permanent form through the medium 
of published proceedings, pamphlet editions and re- 
production in the scientific journals. 

In addition to a large personal practice, Dr. 
McNaughton has performed a great amount of hos- 
pital work. For twelve years he has been visiting 
gynecologist to the Long Island College Hospital, 
and at the present time he also holds similar posi- 
tions in the Eastern District Hospital and the Kings 
County Hospital. He is a highly regarded member 
of leading medical societies. He was several times 
chosen as president of the Medical Society of the 
County of Kings, and upon the occasion of his first 
inauguration in that position he advocated the erec- 
tion of a building which should suitably meet the 
greater demands of the professors for library and 
other purposes. His suggestion met with cordial 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAXD. 



:;i 



approval, and as a result was built the beautiful and 
splendidly appointed edifice which is the present 
home of the society. Dr. McNaughton is also a 
member of the Associated Physicians of Lung Island, 
the New York State Medical Society, the New York 
Academy of Medicine, and the Brooklyn Gynecologi- 
cal Society, and he has served as president of the 
last named. He holds relationship with Altair 
Lodge, No. 601, F. & A. M„ the Crescent Athletic 
Club, and the Marine Field Club. With fine phy- 
sique, excellent conversational qualities and pleas- 
ing manners. Dr. McNaughton is as well regarded 
in social circles as he is in his professional capacity 
by his patients and his colleagues. 

ISAAC VAX AXDEX. 

Isaac Van Anden, founder of the "Brooklyn 
Eagle." was of Holland ancestry, and his boyhood 
was passed upon his father's farm in Dutchess 
county, New York. With but a common-school 
education, he became an apprentice in the office of 
the "Poughkeepsie Telegraph," and learned every 
detail of the typographic art as practiced in the 
ordinary printing offices of the day. Having finished 
his apprenticeship, in association with Alexander 
Lee, a fellow workman, he purchased the "West- 
chester Spy," of West Plains, New York. About 
1836 he removed to Brooklyn and formed a part- 
nership with Samuel G. Arnold in the publication 
of the "Brooklyn Advocate." which they conducted 
until 1838, when they abandoned it and began the 
publication of the "Brooklyn Daily News," as a 
non-partisan paper. This was subsequently bought 
in tin- Whig interest, and the firm of Arnold & Van 
Anden was dissolved, the latter named taking up the 
occupation of a job printer with a small equipment 
formerly used in the "Advocate" office. 

In the winter of 1840-1 Henry C. Murphy and 
others began the publication of the "Brooklyn 
Eagle," as an exponent of Democratic principles. 
Shortly afterward the projectors felt a necessity for 
placing a practical newspaper man at the head of 
their journal, and they employed Mr. Van Anden as 
publisher. April 19, 1842, the history of the "Eagle" 
may be said to have really begun. On that date 
Mr. Murphy and his associates sold the paper to 
Mr. Van Anden, who paid on the purchase all his 
frugal savings, and gave notes for the remainder 
of the purchase money, as well as for additional 
necessary equipments. Amid all the struggles which 
ensued before the "Eagle" was firmly established, 
Mr. Van Anden labored incessantly, practicing the 
most rigid economy. In the early part of the day he 
set type, in the afternoon he worked press, and 
when his naper was issued he did the work of 



solicitor and collector on the street. It was after- 
ward a matter of pride with him that as each note 
fell due he not once asked an extension, but met it 
promptly and in full. He continued as sole pro- 
prietor until 1870, when he disposed of the paper to 
the Eagle Association. During all this period he 
had no interest or ambition other than to make the 
"Eagle" a high class newspaper as distinguished 
from the mere political organ, and he esteemed it 
ample reward that he lived to make it a power in 
the city and an influence throughout the state and 
nation. His personality was imperishably stamped 
into the characters of all whom he called into his 
service. Courageous in the maintenance of his con- 
victions, his independence led him at times to differ 
widely from his party, but his sincerity was never 
questioned, and his judgments were habitually vin- 
dicated. He was an inspiration to all who came 
into his service, and faithful effort upon their part 
won him for a lifelong friend. 

An intensely earnest Democrat, he wielded a 
power which would have commanded high political 
preferment, but he strenuously resisted all overtures 
toward candidacy. A loyal friend to the city in 
which he performed his life work, he advanced its 
interests in all directions, by personal effort and 
use of means as well as through his journal. He 
was with the foremost in the bridge enterprise, and 
the twenty-five thousand dollars which he subscribed 
to its building was given in the conviction that no 
return would ever be received. He was an early 
advocate of Prospect Park, and he was one of the 
commissioners entrusted with its conduct. In later 
life he was interested in various banking and in- 
surance companies. 

Mr. Van Anden was never married. For many 
years his home on Columbia street, Brooklyn, was 
also the abode of his mother and widowed sister. 
He passed his leisure hours in his well-stocked 
library, and in pleasant intercourse with his former 
business and social associates. He was courteous 
toward all, and those deserving of his bounty were 
generously relieved. His death occurred August 4, 
[875, at the residence of his brother at Pough- 
keepsie. New York. 



JAMES TROY, 



Jami - Troy, who has made for himself an en- 
viable reputation at the bar. and has acquitted him- 
self with ability upon the bench, is a native of Ire- 
land, born at Asbourne, near Dublin, in 1835. He 
is nf the same family with the Rev. Dr. Troy, a 
distinguished clergyman, who was a contemporary 
of the great Irish patriot am! orator, O'Connell. 

He began his education in Simonton Institute, 



32 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



in Dublin, Ireland. When twelve years of age he- 
went to sea as a naval cadet on a vessel belonging 
to the Peninsular & Oriental Company. In 1851. 
when sixteen years of age, he relinquished his po- 
sition and came to New York city. Soon after- 
ward he began the study of law under the precep- 
torship of the late Judge James W. White, and 
continued his studies under S. 1). Lewis, of Brook- 
lyn. In 1856 he was admitted to the bar. and soon 
placed himself among the foremost men of his pro- 
fession. While his .practice has covered all the de- 
partments of law. he developed special talent for 
the criminal law. and he lias been conspicuously 
successful in the defense of those accused of crime. 
He has from time to time occupied various impor- 
tant positions in the line of his profession. From 
1862 to 1867 he served as assistant district attorney 
of Kings county, and it was while he was occupying 
this position that his phenomenal powers as a crim- 
inal lawyer were first exhibited. In 1867 he was 
elected county judge of Kings county, and he served 
in that position for three years. For six years suc- 
ceeding his retirement from the bench he was occu- 
pied in part with the duties of counsel for the 
sheriff of Kings county. In 1880 he was the Demo- 
cratic nominee for district attorney of Kings county, 
and was defeated by General Isaac L. Catlin. 

FRANK HARVEY FIELD. 

Frank Harvey Field, numbered among the leaders 
of the legal profession in the city of Brooklyn, and 
whose peculiar aptitude in the field of corporation 
law has brought him into intimate professional and 
financial relations with various important corporate 
financial and commercial institutions, and who is 
also prominent in leading church and social or- 
ganizations, maintains his offices in the Temple Bar 
Building. 

He was born August 17, 1863, in Chicago, Illi- 
nois. His parent-. Cornelius R. and Sarah E. 
(Henry) Field, are natives of the state of New 
York, the former named born at Troy, and the 
latter at Albany. The father is descended from an 
old New England family, and the mother from 
French and New England ancestors. They removed 
ti> Illinois at an early day, and became well and 
favorably known in Chicago, where was their resi- 
dence. In 1880 they came to Brooklyn, where they 
now reside. 

Frank Harvey Field began his education in the 
public schools of his native city. He was pre- 
pared for the law school by a private tutor, and 
was graduated with the law class of Columbia Col- 
lege in iXNX. bearing away the firsl lienors in the 
annual college oratorical contest Hi was admitted 



to the bar the same year by the supreme court of 
the state of New York, and entered upon practice, 
occupying offices with Arnaux, Rich & Company at 
Xo. 18 Wall street. New York, under whose tutor- 
ship he had begun his legal studies before enter- 
ing the law school. Shortly afterward he formed 
a partnership with Edwin S. Peck, under the firm 
name of Peck & Field, in New York city, and this 
was continued until 1897, when the firm was dis- 
solved, and he engaged in practice alone in Brook- 
lyn, a valuable portion of his clientele in the for- 
mer named city continuing to be his patrons after 
his removal. In addition to a large business in the 
general lines of his profession, Mr. Field has de- 
voted much attention to corporation law, in which 
department he displays marked proficiency, as is 
attested by the important corporate interests which 
have been committed to his care. He was for a 
number of years counsel for the Electric Light Com- 
pany of Brooklyn, and he is at present counsel for 
the department store of Journeay & Burnham. in 
which he is a director; he is a director and counsel 
also for the Williamsburgh Trust Company and for 
the American Stoker Company and for a number of 
other corporations. In all his professional duties, 
as well as in his personal concerns, he acquits him- 
self as is befitting the well equipped man of affairs 
and the strictly honorable citizen. His standing in 
his profession has found cordial recognition by the 
Brooklyn Bar Association, which he has served 
for several years in the capacity of secretary and 
trustee. 

Mr. Field is an earnest and capable leader in 
various fields of usefulness outside his profession, 
and his interest and capability have led to his being 
called to important positions where his services have 
been most efficient, and his influence most salutary. 
With his wife, he is a member of the Washington 
Avenue Baptist church, in which he is a deacon 
and superintendent of its Sunday-school. He has 
served as president of the State Baptist Young- 
People's Union, and as first vice-president of the 
National Baptist Young People's Union, and he is 
now vice-chairman of the board of managers of the 
Young Men's Christian Association. His political 
affiliations are with the Republican party, and he 
is an earnest advocate of its principles and policies 
in national affairs, while he is conservative and in- 
dependent where local interests are at issue. He 
took a particularly active part in the municipal 
campaign of 1901, and as chairman of the Citizens' 
LTnion campaign committee for Kings county he 
labored with indefatigable industry and masterly 
ability. For three years successively he was called 
upon to occupy the presidency of the Brooklyn 
Young Republican Club. He is a highly esteemed 




fGC^a^C "+'%h*ri€j{. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAXD. 



member of various leading professional and social 
organizations, as the Brooklyn Club, the Crescent 
Club, the Montauk Uub, the Riding and Driving 
Club and the Union League Club of Brooklyn, and 
the Lawyers' Club, of New York city. 

-Mr. Field was married, June 3, 1900. to Miss 
Mary L. Sniffen, a native of Brooklyn and a lady 
of intelligence and culture, who is an abb: helper 
in church and social affairs. The children b irn 
of the marriage are Reginald, Ruth and Paul. The 
family residence is at No. .74 Sterling Place 
Brooklyn. 

ALEXANDER ECTOR ORR. 



Alexander E. Orr. for many years 
financial and political affairs, is a native of Ireland, 
of Scotch-Irish parentage. He was educated with 
a view to his entering upon judicial or military 
service in the East India Company, but this purpose 
was defeated through an accident which he met. 
He visited the United States in 1850. and came back 
the following year to remain permanently, taking 
up bis residence in Brooklyn. He was employe. 1 
successively by Ralph Post. Wallace & Wickes, and 
David Dows & Company, of New York city, and in 
after years he became a member of the latter named 
firm. He became actively connected with the New 
Y'ork Produce Exchange in 1859. and was promi- 
nent in its reorganization in 1871-2, and in procuring 
the erection of the present building. At the present 
time he is the president of the Rapid Transit Com- 
mission, and an officer of a great number of rail- 
way, banking and insurance corporations. 

He has for many years been active in many 
public and quasi-public affairs. Almost annually, 
from 1871 to 1882, he appeared before legislative 
committees to urge reduction of canal tolls, and in 
the latter year he was a member of the committee 
of fifty which demanded free canals. He was one 
of the committee of four appointed by Governor 
Tilden, in 1875, to investigate canal management, 
and the labors of that body resulted in the exposure 
of the notorious canal frauds. His humane dispo 
sition has moved him to take a deep interest in be- 
nevolent and charitable institutions, of a number of 
which he is a trustee and patron. He was originally 
a Republican, but his warm personal friend-hip for 
Samuel J. Tilden led him to the support of that 
statesman for the presidency, and be was a mem- 
ber of the electoral college (elected to fill a vacancy) 
which cast the vote of the state for him in 1870 
For many years he has been independent in political 
action, but active in movements to secure reform 
in the municipal government of New York ami 
Brooklyn. He was a member of the committee of 



seventy which nominated .Mayor Strong, in 1894, 
and a leader in the citizens' movement winch re- 
sulted in the nomination of Seth Low for mayor in 
[897. In [882 lie refused the nomination for comp- 
troller of Brooklyn, offered by both Republicans 

and Democrats, and in 1883 he declined aj intment 

by Mayor Edson to the position of comptroller of 
New York. He has been twice married, and has 
three daughters. 



>WA1 



M GROUT. 



Edward M. Grout, comptroller of New York 
city, whose election to that position was largely due 
to recognition of his zealous devotion to public in- 
terests through a long term of years in face of for- 
midable opposition, is a natne of the city, and was 
born in t86l. Early ancestors aided in building up' 
the great metropolis, and his paternal grandfather, 
Paul Grout, an old-time Democrat, was an assem- 
blyman from 18311 to 1841. 

-Mr. Grout was educated in the public schools 
of Xew York and Brooklyn and at Colgate Uni- 
versity; was graduated at the latter named institution 
in 1S84, and is now a member of its board of trus- 
tees. He studied law under the tutorage of Gen- 
eral Stewart L. Woodford, recently minister to 
Spain, and was admitted to the bar in 1885. He 
practiced with General Woodford's firm until 1893, 
when his conduct of the Adamson. tax-payers' suit 
to prevenl the street surface railroad franchise 
frauds in Brooklyn attracted the attention of Will- 
iam J. Gaynor, and a partnership resulted January 1, 
18113. During that year Mr. Grout look part in the 
litigation growing out of the Columbian celebration 
bills, the New Utrecht gas case, and later in the 
McKane prosecution which followed Judge Gaynor's 
election to the supreme court bench in 1X04. 

In 1895 Mr. Grout became the regular Demo- 
cratic candidate for mayor against Frederick W. 
Wurster. He entered upon the campaign in the face 
of an adverse majority of over thirty-three thou- 
sand by which Mayor Scbieren bad defeated Mr. 
Boody at the preceding election, and was beaten by 
a plurality of only two thousand, running ahead of 
bis a-sociates on the ticket. In his campaign he 
was supported by the citizens' committee of one 
hundred. He was a candidate for borough president 
in 1897, and received a larger plurality than any 
other candidate on either the city or county ticket. 
He found the office to be one to which practically 
no' power had been given by the legislature, but 
through force of character and perseverance he suc- 
ceeded in making himself a notent factor in secur- 
ing for Brooklyn many improvements which the 
city administration was apparently inclined to deny. 



34 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Probably his greatest service to the borough from 
which he was elected was that of leading in the 
movement for borough home rule. lie took the in- 
itiative in Brooklyn, while in all the boroughs "tit- 
side uf Manhattan his suggestions were followed to 
a great extent, and his arguments, as advanced in 
newspapers, circular letter- and pamphlets, went 
far toward convincing Manhattan students of mu- 
nicipal affairs that borough home rule is not only 
a borough right, but also the most effective means 
of correcting abuses in the city government, as well 
as of reducing public expenditures. He sent a cir- 
cular letter to all the members of the legislature of 
1900, urging legislation giving greater power to 
borough officials, and while, early in the session, 
there was a tendency in this direction, so many 
questions arose later on that the entire matter was 
referred to the charter revision coinmi--ion. At the 
request of the commission, Mr. Grout appeared be- 
fore that body and submitted a brief on charter 
changes, and of its provisions the following were 
adopted by the commission : 

Giving each borough president a seat in the 
Board of Estimate and Apportionment; 

Providing for facilitating the opening of streets, 
etc., by authorizing the establishment of a topo- 
graphical bureau in each borough, under borough 
control ; 

The abolition of the Board of Public Improve- 
ment-, a stumbling block in the municipal govern- 
ment ; 

Increase of power of local boards by empowering 
them to authorize assessable improvements with 
the approval only of the Board of Estimate and 
\pp' - tii miiient ; and 

Giving borough presidents the right to appoint 
•certain administrative officials in the boroughs. 

As a member of the Board of Public Improve- 
ments, Air. Grout was the first to attack the Ramapo 
Company's proposal to furnish water to the city of 
New York under contract, and it has been well 
established that it was through the information 
elicited by his attacks that the proposed contract was 
finally successfully assailed. When the history of 
Ramapo is written, it will also be shown that an 
injunction to prevent the making of a Ramapo con- 
tract, obtained bj Uff Grout from Judge Smith on 
November 6, 1890, at hi- own expense, was tin- 
only- afeguard againsl a Ramapo contract for a 
period of four months, this being established by the 
fact that the other injunctions obtained against the 
com] - 11 1I1 nil d 11 1 lecember, [899, while legis- 
lative enactment rei .dug tin Ramapo menace did 

nut become operative until \pnl 5, 1900, Mr. 
Grout's injunction, however, remained in force until 



April 10, 1900, and those who are familiar with the 
record of Tammany officials who proposed making 
the Ramapo contract, believe that, had it not been 
for Mr. Grout's injunction, such a contract would 
have been made during that period of four months, 
notwithstanding public opinion. 

Mr. Grout's nomination for comptroller in 1901 
by the various organizations opposed to Tammany 
Hall came to him unsolicited. He made a vigorous 
campaign, standing before the people as a Demo- 
crat who did not recognize Tammany Hall as the 
Democratic organization of the city of New York, 
but as an organization having for its purpose the 
personal profit of its leaders. He was elected by a 
vote larger in each of the five boroughs of the city 
than that given to any of the anti-Tammany fusion 
candidates on the city ticket. His plurality was 
45,91 4. while that of Seth Low, candidate for mayor, 
was 29,864. 

From the foregoing it will be observed that Mr. 
Grout's three campaigns have been peculiarly note- 
worthy because of the very large vote cast for him 
as compared with that of his associates. Even in 
1895, when as a candidate for mayor of Brooklyn he 
was made the chief target of attack by the opposing 
elements, he received 75.330 votes, while the candi- 
date for district attorney, the office on the ticket 
next in importance, received 74.229 votes. He occu- 
pies the peculiar position of having been voted for 
by practically all the electors of Brooklyn ; in 1895 
and in 1897 by all the regular Democrats, and in 
1901, as a fusion candidate, by practically all the 
Republicans and independents as well as by many 
Democrats. In these various contests he stood as 
the representative of important public interests, as 
well as of decency in political management, and the 
character and numerical strength of his support on 
these occasions affords ample evidence of the appre- 
ciation in which he is held as a representative citi- 
zen, and of the confidence reposed in his abilities. 

Aside from his labors as an official, no public 
movement has taken place in Brooklyn in recent 
years in which Mr. Grout has not taken an active 
and intelligent part. He was an advocate of the 
Greater New York, was chairman of the Consolida- 
tion League, and made several arguments before the 
legislature upon the consolidation proposition. He 
also appeared before committees in the senate and 
assembly in advocacy of the one-dollar gas bill. He 
has long been a diligent student of the question of 
municinal ownership, and his written arguments 
upon that topic have been frequently reprinted and 
quoted. 

Mr. Grout is the president of the Brooklyn Club, 
and is a member of the Delta Kappa Eta Society. 
and of the Manhattan. Montauk, Riding and Driv- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 1J25423X 



ing, Crescent Athletic and Brooklyn Chess Clubs. 
He is it veteran of the Twenty-third Regiment, of 
the New York State Guard, and judge advocate of 
the Second Brigade, ranking as major on the staff 
of Brigadier General McLeer. 

He was married June 4. 1869, to Mis, Ida L. 
Loeschigk, and two children have been b irn 01 tin- 
union. 



TIMOTHY L. WOODRUFF. 

Timothy L. Woodruff, active in many important 
business enterprises in Brooklyn, and a leader in 
political and club affairs in that city, was burn Au- 
gust 4, 185S, in New Haven, Connecticut. His par- 
ents were John and Harriet J. (Lester) Woodruff, 
the former descended from a Connecticut family of 
the colonial period, and the latter from Puritan an- 
cestry. He was prepared for college at Phillips Exe- 
ter Academy, entered Yale University in 1875, was 
graduated at that institution in 1879, and in 1889 
received from it the honorary degree of Master of 
Arts. Following his graduation he completed a 
course in Eastman's Business College, in Pough- 
keepsie, and received his diploma in 1879. He began 
his business career as an employe in the salt fish and 
provision house of Nash & Whiton, in Poughkeepsie, 
and a year later, in January, 1881, he was admitted 
to partnership, the firm name becoming Nash, Whi- 
ton & Company. Later the same year he became a 
resident of Brooklyn, which has since been his home 
and the field of his effort. In 1887 he became pro- 
prietor of the Franklin, Commercial, Nye and Wa- 
verly stores, and of the two grain elevators on Com- 
mercial Wharf, Atlantic Dock. At the organization 
of the Empire Warehouse Company, whose prop- 
erties comprised nearly all the warehouses and the 
pier on the Brooklyn water front, in 188S. he lie- 
came a director and a member of its executive com- 
mittee. The same year, with J. S. T. Stranahan, 
David Dows, A. E. Orr and others, was organized 
the Brooklyn Grain Warehouse Company, of which 
he became a director and the secretary. He has con- 
stantly been connected with numerous other finan- 
cial and commercial bodies, among which are the 
Kings County Trust Company and the Hamilton 
Trust Company, of Brooklyn, in both of which he- 
is a trustee, and the New York Chamber of Com- 
merce. In 1891 he was elected president of the 
City Savings Bank of Brooklyn. In all these and 
other similar institutions he has displayed those 
qualities which mark the accomplished man of af- 
fairs. 

In politics he has always been zealously identified 
with the Republican party. The year of his removal 
to the city he connected himself with the Brooklyn 



Young Men's Republican Club, and engaged actively 
in the campaigns of 1881 and [883, when Seth Low 
was elected to the mayoralty. He was a delegate 
from the tenth assembly district in the Republican 
state convention of 1885, and represented that dis- 
trict 111 many succeeding conventions. In 188S he 
was unanimously chosen to represent the second 
congressional district in the Republican national con- 
vention in Chicago, and he was a member of the ex- 
ecutive committee of the Kings County Republican 
Club the same year. In 1889 and 1K00 he was a 
member .if the Republican state committee, and of 
the executive committee of that body. In November, 
1889, he was appointed by Mayor Grant to member- 
ship 111 the World's Fair committee. 

Air. Woodruff is an active member of the various 
leading clubs, and has given much attention to their 
conducl He was one of the founders of the Mon- 
tailk Club, in which he has occupied many important 
positions, and he also holds membership in the Bry- 
ant Literary Society, the Union League, the Riding 
and Driving Club, and the Crescent Athletic Club. 

In April, 1880, Mr. Woodruff was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Cora C. Eastman, daughter of the 
late H. G. Eastman, of Poughkeepsie. Mr. and Mrs. 
Woodruff have from the beginning of their married 
life been usefully identified with charitable and re- 
ligious work, and are members of the Memorial 
Presbyterian church of Brooklyn. 

LYMAN ABBOTT, D. D. 

This distinguished pulpiteer and writer, who as 
successor to the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher in the 
pulpit of Plymouth church, Brooklyn, not only ac- 
quitted himself most creditably, but also at the same 
time maintained the traditions of the church to a 
degree which could not have been anticipated, was 
a native of Massachusetts, bom December iS, 1835. 
He was graduated in 1853 at the New York Uni- 
versity, and then became a law student in the offices 
of his brothers, Benjamin and Austin Abbott, who 
were both successful practitioners. After four years' 
association with them he abandoned the law and 
studied theology under his uncle, the Rev. John S. C. 
Abbott, the historian. He was ordained to the min- 
istry 111 [860 and became pastor of the Congrega- 
tional church in Terre Haute, Indiana. In 1865 he 
resigned his charge to accept the secretaryship of the 
American Union Commission, devoted to the well- 
being of the freedmen. and he removed to New 
York city, where was the office of the commission. 
He also entered upon the pastorate of the New Eng- 
land Congregational church, in the same city. 

In 1868 he resigned his secretaryship, and the 
following year the pastorate, to devote his attention 



36 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



to literary labors. For some time he was assistant 
editor of the "Christian Union." in association with 
the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, and upon the retire- 
ment of the latter lie became editor-in-chief. At one 
time he edited the "Literary Record" of "Harper's 
Magazine," and edited the "Illustrated Christian 
Weekly." Hi- published works, excluding numerous 
pamphlets, include "A Dictionary of Bible Knowl- 
edge." "Illustrated Commentary on the Xew Testa- 
ment" I four volume- i. "Jesus of Nazareth," "Old 
Testament Shadows of Xew Testament Truths." "A 
Layman'- Story." and "The Evolution of Christian- 
ity," He became acting pastor of Plymouth church, 
Brooklyn, after the death of Mr. Beecher. and suc- 
ceeded in drawing the congregation closely to himself 
through hi- tut and wisdom in the maintenance of 
lofty ideals. At the expiration of a year be became 
pastor, and served acceptably and usefully in that 



capacit 



his de 



GEORGE RYERSON FOWLER. M. D. 

One of the greatest living exponents of the 
science of surgery, in fact one of the greatest the 
world has ye t furnished, is Dr. George R. Fowler, 
of Brooklyn. While the city takes pride in laying- 
first claim to him as one of it- foremost citizens, 
his fame has encircled the globe and his great abil- 
ities are known 'throughout the civilized world. 

Dr. Fowler was born in Xew York city De- 
cember J?. 1848. Hi- parent-. Thomas W. and 
Sarah Jane 1 Carman ) Fowler, were both natives 
of Long I -land, as was also bis grandfather. Duncan 
B. Fowler, who participated in the war of 1812. 
The family is of English origin, and the American 
branches are descended from three brothers who 
were among the early settlers of Connecticut. Two 
of them later removed to Long Island, one locat- 
ing on the northern -bore and the other on the 
southern. From the former of these the Doctor's 
father, who died in [897, aged seventy-two year-. 
was ,! nded, while his mother, who resides in 
Brooklyn, is descended from the other. 

The early life of Dr. Fowler was passed in 
Jamaica, Long 1-land. whither his parents had re- 
moved, and there he laid the foundation of his 
general education. His medical and surgical educa- 
tion was obtained i'l the Bcllevue Hospital Medical 
College, where be was graduated 111 1X71 with the 
degree of I loctor of Medii inc 

He a 1 mce entered upon thi duties of his chosen 
n tin 1 ighteenth ward, Brooklyn, sub- 
sequent!) removing to the twentj first ward, and 
pursuing a general practice of medicine and surgery 
for fifteen years. Since that tune he has given his 
attentii >n 1 xi lu ivelj to surgei j and ha om oi th 



largest practices in that line of work on the Amer- 
ican continent. 

In 1872 he was appointed upon the staff of the- 
Central Dispensary of Brooklyn, from which he 
was forced to resign two years later on account 
of his rapidly growing practice. Upon the organiza- 
tion of the Bushwick and East Brooklyn Dispensary 
in 1S78 he became its first visiting surgeon. When 
the medical staff was complete in its organization 
he was chosen its presiding officer, and upon his 
resignation from the active staff in 1887 was made 
consulting surgeon to that institution. In 1883 he 
was appointed surgeon in chief to the department of 
fractures and dislocations of St. Mary's Hospital, 
and later had entire charge of the department of 
general surgery. He has been surgeon to the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Hospital of Brooklyn since its es- 
tablishment in 1887, is senior surgeon to the Ger- 
man Hospital of Brooklyn, surgeon in chief of the 
Brooklyn Hospital, consulting surgeon to the Relief 
Hospital of the Eastern District and to the Nor- 
wegian Hospital, and professor of surgery in the 
New York Polyclinic. 

When, in 1890. a law was enacted separating the 
educating and licensing powers in the state, the 
State Medical Society recommended Dr. Fowler as 
a member of the medical board and he was accord- 
ingly appointed by the board of regents of the Uni- 
versity of the State of New York", and at the first 
meeting of the board he was made examiner in 
surgery, a position which he still holds. The im- 
portance of this position in the state of Xew York 
with its many splendid medical college- and other 
medical and surgical institutions is very great, as 
in the past half-century, which has been called the 
"home stretch of scientific advancement,'' scarcely 
any branch has made such rapid and well defined 
progress as that of surgery. If such credit is due 
to those who in their respective calling- "keep up 
with the times," how greatly is the world indebted 
to those who. like Dr. Fowler, set the pace. and. as 
it were, blaze the way that leads to the establish- 
ment of new scientific truths and the solving of 
scientific mysteries that for countless ages have lam 
beyond the reach of man. 

Dr. Fowler has been a frequent contributor to 
surgical literature lie was for several years asso- 
ciate editor of the "Annals of the Anatomical and 
Surgical Society," afterward the "Annals of Sur- 
gery." at the present time the only journal in tiie 
English language devoted exclusively to surgery. 
He 1- al-o the author of a large number .if articles 

which were presented before the various profes- 
sional bodies of which be is a member and subse- 
quently published. Among them may be mentioned: 
"Median Operation of Lithotomy. Extirpation ' of 




ts> l/L^yJ^-^ 



C%. 



^-^u 



HISTORY OF LOXG ISLAND. 



37 



Superior Maxillary Nerve and Meckel's Ganglion 
for Facial Neuralgia, Antiseptic Excision of Knee- 
joints, Fractures of the Elbow Joint, Surgical 

Treatment of Facial Neuralgia. The Wire Suture in 
Fracture of the Patella. Excision of the Rectum for 
Carcinoma, The Listerian Treatment of Wounds, 
Antiseptic Incision in Abscess of Liver, Haemai 
throsis of Knee, Lumbar Colotomy, Neurectomy for 
the Relief of Facial Neuraglia. The Importance of 
the Early Removal of Caseous Lymphatic Gland-;. 
Dry Wound Dressing, Compound Comminuted 
Fracture of Patella, Explorative Laporotomy, Alex- 
ander's Operation for Shortening the Round Liga- 
ments, Surgical Infection. Laparotomy for Extra- 
uterine Pregnancy, Gunshot Wound of the Brain, 
Transplantation of Skin. Operative Treatment i t 
Acute Intestinal Obstruction, Resection of Knee- 
joint in Children. Drainage of the Bladder, Gunsh it 
Wound of the Head, Location of Bullet by Means 
of the Telephone Probe, Hallux Valgusa, Laryn- 
gectomy, Radical Cure of Hernia. The Origin of 
Carcinoma, A New Operative Method in the Treat- 
ment of Fractures of the Patella. Gunshot Wounds 
of the Long Bones. The Discussion upon Appendi- 
citis before the Surgical Society of Paris, as Viewed 
from the American Standpoint. A Case of Thraco- 
plasty tor the Removal of a Large Cicatricial Fibrous 
Growth from the Interior of the Chest, the Result 
of an Old Empyema. Observations upon Multiple 
Surgical Operations, with the Report of a Case in 
which Nine Operations were Performed at One Sil- 
ting, the Location and Removal of Missiles from the 
Cranial Cavity. Intractable Trifacial Neuralgia. 
Ligation of the Common Carotid Artery and of the 
External Carotid Artery above the Occipital and 
Facial Arteries, Fractures of the Patella, Exploratory 
Suprapubic Cystotomy in Obscure Bladder Diseases, 
The Surgery of Intra-Thoracic Tuberculosis, The 
Evolution of the Surgery of the Twentieth Century, 
The Question of the Non-Operative Treatment of 
Appendicitis. Prolapse. Procidentia and Invagina- 
tion of the Rectum. Typical Excision versus Inver- 
sion of the Vermiform Appendix, A Case of 
Elephantiasis of the Lower Extremity Cured by 
Ligature of the External Iliac Artery, The Diff r 
ential Diagnosis of Lesions of the Vermiform \p 
pendix in the Adult Female, Septic Peritonitis Con- 
sidered from the Clinical Standpoint. Acute General 
Peritonitis, the Prognosis and Treatment. Radical 
Cure of Femoral Hernia. The Differential Diagnosis 
of Surgical Lesions in the Right Half of the Ab- 
domen and Pelvis, with Especial Reference to the 
Diagnosis of Appendicitis, A New Method for tie- 
Radical Cure of Inguinal Hernia, Intraperitoneal 
Transplacement of the Spermatic Cord ami Typical 
Obliteration of the Internal Ring and Inguinal 



Canal .read before the International Medical Con- 
gress in Moscow in (897), \ Case of Perirenal 
Lipoma, Extirpation of the Tumor, with Incidental 
Nephrectomy and Cholecystectomy, Implantation of 
tin- Ureters into the Rectum in Exstrophy of the 
Bladder, unh a Description of a New Method of 
Operation, The Use of Animal Toxins in the Treat- 
ment of Inoperable Malignant Tumors, Observations 
upon the Injuries of the Cranium and of the Spine, 
Clinical Studies in Appendicitis, Plastic Surgery, 
Spinal Anesthesia, The Relations of the Student of 
Medicine and the Recent Graduate to the Field of 
Surgery, History and Critical Observations upon the 
Surgery id" tiie Liver and Biliarj Passages, 
Tracheotomy with the Galvano-cautery, and Indica- 
tions for and Limitation, of Spinal Cocainization in 
Surgery. ' 

A Treatise on Appendicitis, published in i s 'oj bv 
Lippincott & Company, of New York, revised and 
edition in 1000. and a third edition in 
course of preparation, and translated into German 
and published by S, Kargar, of Berlin, in 189(5, is 
looke 1 upon by the profession as one of the most 
valuable works upon that subject. A work on gen- 
eral surgen so m to he published will undotibtedly 
rank high among the standard hooks treating of that 
branch of science. 

Dr. bowk-r was one of the organizers of the 
Brooklyn Anatomical and Surgical Society in 187S, 
and two years later was elected its president. Hj 
has been for many years a member of the Medical 
Societ) of the County of Kings, of which be was 
president in 1S86 and declined re-election for the 
reason that other- should not be deprived of the 
honor and prestige which that position carries with 
it. He was elected a Fellow of the American Sur- 
gical Association 111 1891, of which he is now treas- 
urer, is a permanent member of the American Mid 
ical Association, and is also a member of the New 
York Surgical Society, the Medical Society of the 
State of New York, the New York Academy of 
Medicine, the Brooklyn Surgical Society, of which 
be wis president in 1891, the Society of Medical 
Jurisprudence and the Physicians' Mutual \id As- 
sociation of the State of New York. Though one 
of the busiest men in the profession, he takes in- 
tervals from his valuable time to maintain active 
relations with these organizations, attending the 
meetings, presenting papers and taking part in the 
discussions. 

In 1897 he was a delegate to the International 
Medical Congress which convened in Moscow. Rus- 
sia, and again to the one that met 111 Pan- in 10 hi. 
Upon the former occasion he visited Athens. Greece. 
and while there, upon the recommendation id' the 
adjutant general of New York, inspected the medical 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



departments of the Greek and Turkish armies, an 1 
very interesting authorities of those countries, an 
account of which inspection was published in the 
"Medical News" of August 21 of that year. The 
Doctor has traveled extensively, both in this country 
and Europe, and, unlike many, he always takes his 
profession with him. He thus combines the pleasure 
of his travels with a constant search for valuable 
facts that may bring still nearer to perfection his 
knowledge of surgery and medicine, and which, 
upon his return to his chosen held of labor, he may 
incorporate into bis work. He is also ever ready 
to give the benefit of bis observations to his brother 
practitioners and the general public. 

During the trip to Europe in 1884 be was pres- 
ent at a meeting for the distribution of ambulance 
certificates at a watering place on the Lancashire 
coast. He there formed a resolution to establish 
classes for instruction in first aid to the injured 
upon his return to America. Arriving home, he set 
about agitating the question of forming such classes. 
His connection with the national guard suggested 
placing the matter on ,1 sound footing in that or- 
ganization, and at the state camp at Peekskill in 
the following year be formed classes for instructing 
the men in caring for injured persons in emer- 
gencies. This was followed by an order, at bis in- 
stance, from General James McLeer, continuing the 
instruction in the armories as a part of the soldiers' 
duties during the winter season. In the following 
year the surgeon general of the state ordered similar 
instruction to be imparted to all of the national 
guard organizations in New York, and in the year 
thereafter an order was issued from the office of 
the adjutant general in Washington extending the 
training to all military posts in the United States. 
In the early part of 1890 the Red Cross Society of 
Brooklyn was organi :ed, and Dr. Fowler was elected 
president. Part of the work done by the society at 
that time was a series of short, practical lectures 
on the care of the injured to the members of the 
police force, for which permission was obtained from 
the head of the department. In 1878 Dr. Fowler 
was commissioned a surgeon of the Fourteenth 
Regiment. National Guard of Xew York, with 
which he has since continued ; was for several years 
surgeon on the staf) of the Second Brigade with the 
rank of lieutenant colonel, and was recently ap- 
pointed surgeon-colonel on the staff of Major Gen- 
eral Roc. 

The Doctor early evinced a liking for military 
affair-. In June, 1801, when a boy of twelve years. 
he walked from Jamaica to Xew York, intending 
to enlist. Weary from bis long walk, he slept that 
night in a vacant cellar, and on the following morn 
ing, in response to an alarm sent mil by bis parent-, 



was taken into custody while trying to discover 
how be could enter the United States service. He 
was taken home by a policeman, and after hearing 
of the great anxiety of his parents and how ponds 
had been dragged and the woods searched for him, 
be promised, though no doubt with some mental 
reservation, that he would restrain his ire against 
those who would dishonor the Stars and Stripes! 
Thirty-seven years later, when he again offered his 
service to his country, the government gladly availed 
itself of them and he went to the front in a Pull- 
man car ! 

He served in Cuba throughout the Spanish-Amer- 
ican war, being commissioned by the president as 
chief surgeon of division, and was assigned to 
duty as medical inspector, consulting surgeon and 
chief of the operating staff of the Seventh Army 
Corps, General Fitzhugh Lee commanding. The 
manner in which he performed the duties of his po- 
sition and the organization of hospital and sanitary 
work which took place under his directions re- 
dounded greatly to his credit, not only as surgeon 
but also as an executive officer. On March 9, 1898, 
General James McLeer and staff tendered him a 
dinner at the Montauk Club in recognition of bis 
faithful service to the army in time of war and to 
the National Guard in time of peace. 

Dr. howler was married, in 1873. to Miss Louise 
Racbael Wells, youngest daughter of the late James 
Wells, of Norristown, Pennsylvania. To this union 
were born four children, three of whom are living: 
Russell S. Fowler, M. D., who is practicing med- 
icine ami surgery in Brooklyn, and is assistani sur 
geon to the Methodist Episcopal, Brooklyn and Ger- 
man Hospitals; Miss Florence G. Fowler, who was 
graduated at the Packer Collegiate Institute in 1898; 
and Royale H. Fowler, who is a student in the 
Adelphi Academy. The Doctor and his family are 
members of the Church of the Messiah, Episcopalian. 

For a number of years Dr. Fowler has been a 
member of Tuscan Lodge. Xo. 704, F. & A. M., and 
is also a member of Kismet Temple, Mystic Shrine. 
He is a member of the Montauk, Riding and Driving 
and the Nassau County Clubs. 

He resides at 302 Washington avenue, and has 
adjoining his residence and fronting on DeKalb 
avenue one of the best appointed surgical offices in 
the country. His beautiful country home is located 
in "The North Country" of Glen Cove, Long Island. 

ALBERT VAN BRUNT YORHEFS. 

\1noi1g the capitalists of Long Island is num- 
bered \lbcii Van Brunt Vorhees, who i, residing at 
Bath Beach. He was born at Xew Utrecht Febru- 
ary 5. 1839, a son of John I. Vorhees, who was born 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



39 



on the old homestead, near Sheepshead Hay. The 
grandfather, Jacobus Vorhees, was a farmer bj occu- 
pation, but the son, John 1 . learned the carpenter's 
trade in early life, following that pursuit for a num- 
ber of years. As Ins financial resources increased 
he made judicious investments in realty and in other 
business ventures. The rapid growth of New York, 
Brooklyn and Bath Beach contributed in large meas- 
ure to his success, and after all his prosperity re- 
sulted entirely from his own efforts, being an out- 
come of his ability to recognize and improve op- 
portunity. Me retired from business in 1855 with a 
handsome fortune, the result of his diligence, capa- 
ble management and keen discernment, Ills remain- 
ing days uere spent in the enjoyment of life's pleas- 
ures, secured to him through his own efforts, and 
in 1893 he passed away. His wife, who bore the 
maiden name of Phoebe Van Brunt, was a daughter 
of Albert Van Brunt, and died in 1873. leaving two 
children, the younger being Ida Jane Vorhees. 

The elder is Mr. Vorhees, of this review. He 
attended the local Schools ami further continued his 
education in Erasmus Hall at Flatbush. after which 
he turned his attention to agricultural pursuits, con- 
tinuing the supervision of bis fanning interests until 
1886, when be retired to private life. He is to-day 
one of the leading capitalists in this portion of the 
island, and displays marked business and executive 
ability in the management of his property interests. 

On the 20th of October. 1S64, Mr. Vorhees was 
united in marriage to Miss Joanna Kowenhoven, a 
daughter of John Kowenhoven, of Bath Beach. 
To them were born four children, but only two are 
now living: John, a practicing physician, and Judge 
Van Brunt Vorhees. In the affairs of the town the 
subject of this review has taken a deep and abiding 
interest, contributing in large measure to the sup- 
port of many enterprises calculated to prove of pub- 
lic benefit. 

JOHN A. VORHEES, M. D. 

John A. Vorhees, a son of Albert Van Brunt 
Vorhees, was born in New Utrecht. March 5. 1808, 
and having completed his preliminary education in 
the public schools he entered the Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, at which he was graduated in 1XX0. He deter- 
mined upon the practice of medicine a- a life work, 
and to this end matriculated in the College of Phy- 
sicians and Surgeons of Xew York, where he was 
graduated with the class of i88q. For a year he 
was in Roosevelt Hospital and thus put to a prac- 
tical test the theoretical knowledge which he had 
acquired. In April. 1S00. he entered into business 
relations with Dr. John E. De Mund, and now enjoys 



a good practice. He makes a specialty of the treat- 
ment of the diseases of the chest, lungs and heart, 
in which he is very successful. For two years he 
was assistant health officer of New Utrecht, and he 
belongs to the Kings County Medical \ ;oi ation 
In fraternal and social circles the Doctor is both 
prominent and popular. He is a thirty second de- 
gree Mason, belonging to Altair Lodge, No. 601, 
F. & A. M., Aurora Chapter and the Consistory, and 
is a member of Kismet Temple, of the Mystic Shrine, 
lie belongs to the Marine and Field Club, to the 
Crescent Club and to the Brooklyn Yacht Chile His 
social qualities render him a valued representative 
of these organizations. 

WILLIAM BROWNING, M. 1). 

One of the most distinguished specialists con- 
nected with the medical fraternity of Brooklyn is 
Dr. William Browning, whose successful treatment 
of nervous and mental diseases has gamed linn 
marked prominence in that line. He was horn 111 
Norwich, Connecticut. July 7. [855, and 1- descended 
from one of the old Pilgrim families that was estab- 
lished in America during the earliest epoch of its 
pioneer settlement. Tt was Nathaniel Browning who, 
crossing the Atlantic from the old world, took up 
his abode at Portsmouth. Rhode- Island, when that 
section of the country was just being opened up to 
civilization. William T. Browning, the father of the 
Doctor, was a farmer and teacher, and married Miss 
Nane C. Avery, who also belonged to an old Con- 
necticut family. One son of the family. Aaron A. 
Browning, a graduate of Yale, is now a successful 
attorney of Norwich, Connecticut, and is prominent 
in political circles. There were five children in the 
family. 

Dr. Browning, of this review, began his education 
in the public schools and afterward prepared for 
college in the Norwich Academy. He then entered 
Yale University, and was graduated in the class of 
1876, with the degree of Bachelor of Philosophy. 
For two years be filled the chair of natural science 
ami mathematics in an academy of Philadelphia, and 
during the second year he also studied medicine 
under the direction of a preceptor and in the Uni- 
versity >:i Pennsylvania, where he took a course in 
anatomy, and in 1X77 won a diploma. In order to 
still further perfect himself in the work which he 
had determined to follow as a life pursuit he then 
went abroad and later was graduated at the Leipsic 
University, with the degree of M. I'. 

Returning to the United States, the Doctor was 
appointed a member of the house staff oi the Ger- 
man Hospital of Xew York city, where he remained 



40 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



until the close of the year 1882. Early in the follow- 
ing year he came to Brooklyn, and opening an office 
on Green avenue, engaged in general practice. He 
early became actively and prominently connected 
■with various medical societies and with the hospitals 
and dispensaries of the city, including the Central 
Dispensary and the Long Island Hospital Dispen- 
sary. 

While hi- practice of, a general nature reached 
large proportions, Dr. Browning soon became known 
as an expert specialist on the subject of nervous 
and mental diseases. He gave special attention and 
study to such, carrying his investigation and research 
wherever knowledge had previously led the way and 
als.i alung original lines .if thought and study, thus 
gaining many valuable ideas, which he has put into 
successful use in his work. Xo other physician has had 
a larger practice of this character, and he is regarded 
as authority mi all matters connected with the nerv- 
ous system, so broad and comprehensive has been 
his study and so all-embracing his professional work. 
In 1887 lie became the lecturer on physiology and 
the nervous system 111 the Long Island College Hos- 
pital, and after occupying that position for about 
three vears, in 1900 he was made professor of ner- 
vous and mental diseases in the same institution, 
and is now connected with the college in that ca- 
pacity, lie is also attending neurologist to the Kings 
County Hospital, serving since 1893; attending neu- 
rologist to the German Hospital: is consulting neu- 
rologist to the Norwegian St. John's Hospital; at- 
tending neurologist to the Brooklyn Hospital, and 
for several year, has been consulting neurologist to 
the Long Gland State Hospital, and while in the 
Children's Hospital he filled a similar position. Since 
1899 he has been a member of the Aertzliches Col- 
legium. It is along the line of his specialty that he 
is conne ted with the various institutions, showing 
how highly he is regarded by the profession as au- 
thority on sue], matters. 

The Doctor is prominent in the Medical Society 
of the County of Kings, was its librarian from 1891 
until 1000. and in urn wa- elected its president. 
He was a delegate to tin State Medical Society from 
1892 until [895 and at the latter date became a per- 
manent member. Mr belongs to the Brooklyn So- 
ciety for Neurology, which he joined on its forma- 
tion, and be was, in 1898, one of the organizers and 
the first president of the Associated Physicians of 
Long Island Since 1893 he ha- been a member of 
tin- American Neurological Association, and is a 
member of the Medical Club of Brooklyn. He w.as 
one of tin- organizers and for the first two years the 
treasurer of the Association of Medical Librarians of 
winch he is still a member, lie is recognized a 1 
active and valued member of all thee societies, am! 



for them has prepared and read papers. He has 
written extensively concerning nervous and mental 
diseases, and his writings have gone abroad through- 
out the country, adding to his yearly increasing fame. 
Among the books of which he is the author is a 
monograph on epilepsy, published in 1S9J: "Veins of 
the Brain," 1S84; and "Circulation of the Central 
Nervous System." The "Reference Hand Book of 
-Medical Science." first part published in 1889, and 
republished in 1901. contains articles by the Doctor 
on the same subjects and on the circulation of the 
brain. He also prepared several articles for Sajou's 
"Annual Encyclopedia of Medicine" on the same sub- 
jects and on brain hemorrhages and vascular dis- 
eases of the brain. 

Not alone in professional circles has Dr. Brown- 
ing attained distinction, for he is a favorite in social 
organizations and in societies for the advancement 
of knowledge. He belongs to the Long Island His- 
torical Society, the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and 
Sciences, and the Phi Gamma Delta, a college fra- 
ternity, and the Union League Club. Since 1885 
he has resided at his present home, at No. 45 Lefferts 
place, Brooklyn. While his fame has gone abroad 
throughout the land as one of the distinguished 
physicians in his specialty, his personal qualities are 
such as to win friendship, and in the city where he 
is so widely known he is very popular and is held 
in the warmest esteem and regard. 

SETH L. KEEXEY. 

The day of small undertakings, especially in 
cities, seems to have passed and the era of gigantic 
enterprises is upon us. In control of mammoth un- 
dertakings are men of master minds, of almost 
limitless ability to guide, of sound judgment and 
keen discrimination. Their progressiveness must 
not only reach the bounds that others have gained, 
but must ever pass beyond into new and broader, 
untried fields of operation ; but an unerring fore- 
sight and sagacity must make no mistake by ventur- 
ing upon uncertain grounds. Thus continually 
growing, a business takes leadership in its special 
line and the men who are at its head are deservedly 
eminent in the wairld of business activity, occupy- 
ing a position which commands the respect while 
it excites the admiration of all. Seth L. Keeney 
to-day takes rank among the most prominent con- 
tractors of Brooklyn, and he has accomplished a 
work which has made his fame spread abroad 
throughout the land. — the construction of the greit 
bridge which spans the East river. He occupies a 
position lire-eminent among the mechanical engin- 
eers and contractors, and his work has been of 
great value. 




^UoO.' 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



41 



Seth L. Keeney was born at Black Walnut. 

Wyoming county. Pennsylvania, on the 26th of May, 
1831, and his boyhood day- were passed upon the 
hqme farm, where during the summer month-, he 
assisted in the work of field and meadow. In the 
winter season he attended the common schools of 
the neighborhood and gained a thorough knowledge 
of the primary branches of learning. Afterward 
he enjoyed more advanced privileges, becoming a 
student in the Wyoming Seminary, in which he was 
graduated with the class of 1851. On leaving that 
institution he secured a position as superintendent 
of the north branch canal, but after about a year 
resigned and secured the contract to build ten miles 
■of railroad for the Delaware, Lackawanna & West- 
ern Railroad Company through the valley of the 
Delaware to the famous water gap. Plans for his 
future had been formulating in his mind, and this 
was the opportunity he sought for their execution. 
The work occupied two years and lie completed 1. 
so successfully that he at once secured a similar 
contract for the Lackawanna & Bloomsburg Rail 
road, which enterprise yielded him considerable 
money, iiis business ability enabled him to extend 
his field of labor, and in consequence he had the 
management of other business ventures, mainly in 
Wilkesbarre and in Wyoming county, where he es- 
tablished and superintended the conduct of stores. 
In 1856 Mr. Keeney determined to take up his 
abode in Brooklyn, and had been a resident of the 
city but a short time when he was in command of a 
large share of the public patronage in the line of 
local contract work, such as the building of th • 
Prospect Park Reservoir and the laying of sewers. 
He also constructed a large part of the old Conduit 
line of the Brooklyn water works. During the war 
he was engaged extensively in mercantile business, 
dealing chiefly in army supplies, and had two 
stores in New York and Washington, thus occupy- 
ing his time at a period when domestic energy was 
at a stand still, awaiting the result of the contest 
of arms at the front. When peace was restored 
Mr. Keeney again resumed contracting and built &.■■ 
Prospect Park and Coney Island Railroad and the 
Coney Island Concourse, also the Conej Island 
Elevated Railroad. Brighton Beach Railroad, tlie 
Nassau das Works and the extension of the Brook- 
lyn Water Works, besides laying main miles of 
water pipes and constructing numerous reservoir?. 
He will probably be longest remembered tor his 
services in connection with the great bridge which 
spans the F.ast river. To the promotion of the 
success of that gr< at venture, a- one of its trus- 
tees, he devoted many of the most active years of 
his hfe. and to his watchful care and sound judg- 
ment it owe- much of its success from a financial 



standpoint and its steadily extended Usefulness to 
the public. He has been a trustei of the Brooklyn 
bridge since r886, and is connected with many other 
important enterprises, being one of the directors of 
the Brooklyn City Railroad, the Brooklyn Ware- 
house and Storage Company, the Brooklyn Ware- 
house ami Dry Dock Company, the Long Island 
Loan & Trust Company, th,- Brooklyn Daily Eagle, 
the I-'.. W. Bliss Company, the Edison A King 1 oun 
ty Electric Light & Lower Company, the Brooklyn 
Elevated Railroad, the Albany & Hudson Railroad 
and other corporation-. Ills keen discrimination 
and excellent business sagacity have been important 
factors in the prosperous conduct of many of these 

In [S66 Mr. Keeney was united in marriage to 
Miss Susan L. Oosterhout, who died in 1891, leav- 
ing two children, a son and a daughter. Regarded 
as a citizen, he belongs to that public spirited, use- 
ful and helpful type of men whose ambitions and 
desires are centered and directed in those channels 
through which flow the greatest and most per- 
manent good to the greatesl number, and it is there- 
fore consistent with the purpose and plan of tins 
work that his record be given among those of the 
representative men of Long Island. He is well 
known to be a man of keen- business instincts, a 
thorough manager and financier, and as most of Ins 
business affairs have been of a public nature, bring- 
ing upon bun the test of public criticism, the high 
regard in which he is uniformly held is an indica- 
tion of his strict fidelity to duty, bis unswerving in- 
tegrity and his honorable purpose. 

WILLIAM X. DYKMAN. 

William X. Dykman, son of Judge Jackson O. 
Dykman, of the supreme court, was born in the vil- 
lage of Cold Spring, Putnam county. New York, 
in 1854. He comes of a worthy and hardy line of 
ancestry devoted to agricultural and commercial pur- 
suits and prominent in the records of the county for 
many generations. Receiving a military education 
at West Point, after bis graduation in 187s he was 
assigned to the Twenty-second United States In- 
fantry, stationed at Fort Brady, in the northern pen- 
insula "i Michigan. His regiment was variously 
transferred, — for a period to the vicinity of Buffalo 
and subsequently to Dakota and Montana, where 
he took part in the campaign against the Sioux In- 
dians that followed the Custer massacre in [876. 

In 1877 Mr. Dykman resigned from the army to 
follow the legal profession He began reading law 
in the office of William II. Robert -on. at that time 
president of the state senate. During the session of 
1S78 he acted as Senator Robertson's private ;ecre- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



tary. Admitted to practice the same year, he entered 
the office of Edgar M. Cullen as managing clerk, 
and later became a partner in the firm of Culler! & 
Bergen. On the election of Mr. Cullen to the jus- 
ticeship of the supreme court and his consequent 
withdrawal from the firm, Mr. D/kman became a 
member of the succeeding firm of Bergen & Dykman. 
Mr. Dykman' s rapid rise in his profession, his promi- 
nence at the Brooklyn bar and at other courts be- 
fore which he lias practiced has been consistent, 
logical and a natural sequence of endowment, early 
training and thorough, scholarly devotion to his 
profession, 

Among the more important litigations which Mr. 
Dykman has conducted with marked success is in- 
cluded that of the Xew York & Brooklyn bridge 
trustees in their endeavor to secure adequate ter- 
minal facilities in New York city, lie also acted as 
counsel in the case growing out of the Scoville for- 
geries and Wall street frauds. 

FRANKLIN W. HOOPER. 

Franklin William Hooper, known throughout the 
scientific world for his high attainments as a scien- 
tist and teacher, is a native of Xew Hampshire, born 
in Walpole, Cheshire county, February It. 1851. His 
boyhood was passed upon the parental farm, and his 
education was begun in the common schools in the 
neighborhood. At the age of seventeen years he en- 
tered Antioch College, at Yellow Springs, Ohio. It 
bad been expected that he would prepare for the 
ministry, but he became so much interested in science 
and natural history that he gave them his greater 
attention, abandoning his first purpose altogether. 
After studying for two years at Antioch he entered 
Harvard University, where he continued his scien- 
tific sind.ies previously begun, at the same time de- 
voting a considerable portion of bis time to philoso- 
phy and language He took special courses in vari- 
ous scientific branches under such famous scientists 
a- Ion,, Agassis, \sa Gray, Jeffries Wyman, Ben- 
jamin Tierce and Josiah P. Cook, and in 1872 he at- 
tended the Agassiz Summer School of Natural His- 
torj at Penikese island. 

In 1876, acting a- an agent for the Smithsonian 
Institution, at Washington, he was engaged for some 
months in a scientific excursion 0,1 the coasts of 
Florida, which afforded peculiar opportunity for the 
investigation of algre and coralline formations. In 
1877 he accepted the principalship of the high school 
al EG 1 lie Mew I [ampshire, and occupii d that posi- 
tion until 1880, when lie relinquished ii to accept 
the 110 nion of professor of chemistry and geology 
ai ihe \d. I0I0 Academy. Bro .1.1ml Mew York. He 
was engaged in the latter work for nine years, until 



June, 1889, when he was elected curator of the Brook- 
lyn Institute. His service in the latter capacity was 
highly creditable to himself and most advantageous 
to the institution, and his opinion had much weight 
in effecting the amalgamation of the institute with 
the newly established Brooklyn Institute of Arts and 
Sciences, which took place in December, 1891, when 
he was chosen director of the new institute. 

In the years which have elapsed, during which 
the scope of the institute has been greatly broadened, 
various large departments have been created, and 
the attending membership has been more than quad- 
rupled. Professor Hooper's influence and effort have 
been recognized as among the most potent factors 
in the results attained. In various other ways he 
has contributed to the advancement of educational 
movements, and he served as a member of the Brook- 
lyn board of education under the administration of 
.Mayor Boody. 

In May, 1S76. while returning from Florida, 
where he had been in service for the Smithsonian 
Institution, Professor Hooper was married to Miss 
Martha Summer Holden, of Augusta, Georgia, a 
lady wdtose father was a man of strong character 
and a prominent abolitionist during the existence 
of slaven'. Three children were born of this union. 

CHARLES JEWETT, A. M., Sc. D., M. D. 

Among the members of the medical profession 
of Brooklyn who have attained an international repu- 
tation, is Dr. Charles Jewett, professor of gynecolo- 
gy and obstetrics in the Long Island College Hos- 
pital. He is a native of Bath. Maine, and is a son 
of George and Sarah (Hale) Jewett. His father, 
also a native of Maine, was a sea captain, who later 
retired to a large farm, where he passed the remain- 
der of his life. Sarah (Hale) Jewett, born in 1815, 
died in January, 1901. Dr. Jewett's grandparents, 
Jonathan and Hannah (Hale) Jewett, removed from 
Massachusetts to Maine about 1800. and were among 
Ihe early settlers of that state. Among lineal an- 
cestors of an earlier day ware Moses Jewett. who 
participated in the Revolutionary war; Jonathan 
Jewett ami Maximillian Jewett ; the latter named, 
with his brother Joseph, settled in Rowley, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1639. Those last named were sons of 
Edward Jewett, of Bradford. England, and previous 
to that the genealogy of the family has been (raced 
to one Henri de Juatt, a knight of the first Crusad- 
ers. Being Huguenots, the family lied from relig- 
ious persecution to England, and -.me of the de- 
scendants continue to reside there. "Maximillian 
Jewett was first deacon id' the church in Row lev, 
and was several limes a representative of the general 
curt; many of his descendants were well known in 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



43 



New England history, souk- of them being promi- 
nent divines, authors, journalists and politicians. 
Sarah (.Hale) Jewett was a daughter of Eben and 
Hannah (Savery) Hale, and her prior ancestors 
were Jonathan Hale, David Hale, Samuel Hale and 
three successive Thomas Hales, the first of whom 
came from Hertfordshire, England, in 1038, and set- 
tled in Massachusetts. 

Dr. Charles Jewett received his early education 
in the high school of his native town, and in 1S64 
was graduated at Bowdoin College, with the degr.-e 
of Bachelor of Arts. Three years later his alma 
mater conferred upon him the degree of Master of 
Arts, and in 1894, the centennial year of the college, 
the degree of Doctor of Science. In 1867 he began 
the study of medicine under the tutorship of Hiram 
Lathrop, M. D.. of Cooperstown, New York, attend- 
ed a course of lectures in the Long Eland College 
Hospital, succeeding courses in the University Medi- 
cal College and in the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons of New York, and was graduated at the 
last named institution in 1S71, with the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. 

Soon after graduation he located in Brooklyn 
and engaged in practice. Eor a time his practice 
was of a general character, but in later years he has 
given his attention exclusively to gynecology and 
obstetrics. In those lines he is regarded as one of 
the most accomplished practitioners in the country, 
and his attainments have found recognition in Ins 
being called to many important positions. After 
service for some time as a member of the faculty 
of the Long Island College Hospital, he was, , n 
1S.S0, appointed professor of obstetrics and pediatrics, 
and in 1900 succeeded the late A. J. C. Skene, M. I > . 
in the professorship of gynecology. For many years 
he has occupied the position of consulting obstetri- 
cian in the Kings County Hospital, of surgeon-in- 
chief to the gynecological department of" tin- Brook 
lyn Throat Hospital, of consulting gynecologist to 
the Bushwick Central Hospital, of whose board of 
trustees he is the president: and he is also a trustee 
of the Brooklyn Eye and Ear Hospital. 

While busily occupied witlt his personal practice 
ami the duties of college and hospital positions, Dr. 
Jewett is an active member of many of the most 
important professional societies, among them the 
Medical Society of the County of Kings, of which 
he was president in 1878-80; tin- Brooklyn Patho- 
logical Society: the Brooklyn Gynecological Socie- 
ty, of which he was president in 180.?; the New York 
Obstetrical Society, of which he was president in 
1S04: the New York Academy of Medicine; the Med- 
ical Societv of the Slate of New York: the Ameri- 
can Academy of Medicine: the New York Physi- 
cians' Mutual Ml Association, of which he was 



vice-president in 1X01-3; the American Gynecologi- 
cal Society; the Associated Physicians of Long 
Island ; the Brooklyn Medical Society, and the Asso- 
ciated Physicians of the City of Greater New York, 
lie has also been complimented with honorary mem- 
bership in the Detroit Gynecological Society, and in 
the British Gynecological Society. He was one of 
the founders of the International Congress of Gyne- 
cologists and Obstetricians, an organization number- 
ing among its members many of the leading special- 
ists of the country, and in 1893 he was honorary 
president of the Pan-American Medical Congress. 

Dr. Jewett- has made many contributions to pro- 
fessional literature, the more important of which are 
regarded by the profession as standard authorities, 
and have had extensive sales, while all have re- 
ceived warm commendation. His own volume titles 
are "Essentials of Obstetrics" and "A Manual for 
Childbed Nursing." lie edited "Practice of Obstet- 
rics, by American Authors,' 1 .mil was a contributor 
to "American Textbook of Obstetrics." Hamilton's 
"System of Legal Medicine." Keating & Coe's "Gyn- 
ecology," and Foster's "Handbook of Therapeutics." 
He is a collaborator of the "American Journal of 
Gynecology and Obstetrics," and of "Obstetrics." 
Many of his monographs ami professional papers, 
read before the leading medical societies, have been 
published in the professional journals. 

Im [868 Dr. Jewett married Miss Abbie E. Flagg, 
of New Hampshire, now deceased To this union 
were born two children. Harold F. and Alice H. 
Jewett; the former named embraced the profession 
of the father, and is rsefully engaged in practice 
in Brooklyn. 

ROBERT A. BLACK. M. D. 

Dr. Robert Alexander Black is assistant sanitary 
superintendent of the board of health of Greater 
New York for the borough of Brooklyn, and in his 
profession he has attained a place of prominence 
that has been gained by his ability, earnestness and 
skill in the practice of his chosen calling. He was 
born in Brooklyn January 4. i860, and is a son of 
Robert and Jane (McMullen) Black, natives of Ire- 
land. His father came to Brooklyn in 184.' and soon 
after engaged ill the drug business, in which he was 
very successful, carrying on operations along that 
line until his death, which occurred in December. 
[896. His willow- still resides in Brooklyn and is 
one of the highly esteemed residents of her section 
of the city. In Masonic circles Robert Black was 
very prominent, being past master of Adytum Lodge, 
No. S40, I ; . & A. M.. past district deputy grand 
master of the third Masonic district, past high priest 
of Nassau Chapter, No. 100. R. V M . past eminent 



44 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



commander of Clinton Commandery, No. 14. K. T . 
and grand commander of New York state in 1876. 
His life exemplified the noble and benevolent prin- 
ciple- of this fraternity which through manj cen- 
turies has upheld all that is best in life. He was a 
lifelong Democrat, stanch in hi- advocacy of the 
principles of the party, and was a member of the 
electoral college in 1884. 

Dr. Black was educated in the public schools of 
Brooklyn and in the Polytechnic Institute, and when 
his literary course was completed he prepared for 
his life work a- a student in the College of Physi- 
cians and Surgeon, of New York, in which he was 
graduated in 1883. Before the completion of his 
course he was acting interne in Mt. Sinai Hospital 
for a year. He then served for one years as interne 
in the Kings County Hospital and this long hospital 
experience, together with his knowledge of the com- 
position and uses of medicine obtained in his early 
years in his father's drug store enabled him to se- 
cure a pharmacist'- license and well qualified him 
for the practice of . his profession, which he began 
in 18S4. He 15 known both in fraternal circles and 
by the laity as one of the ablest physicians in 
Brooklyn, for he has mastered the principles of the 
science of medicine and is very efficient in applying 
them to the needs of suffering humanity. He was 
connected with the Brooklyn Central Dispensary un- 
til the rapid growth of hi- professional duties forced 
him to resign. 

On the 10th of December. 1891. was celebrated 
the marriage of Dr. Black and Miss Emi Ahlers. 
daughter of Herman Ahlers, of Brooklyn, and they 
now have one child. Donald. For a time the Doctor 
was a member of the Brooklyn board of education, 
but in 1898 resigned that position to accept his 
presenl office at the head of the Brooklyn health de- 
partment. He is a member of Adytum Lodge, No. 
640, I-'. X A, M., of Nassau Chapter. R. A. M.. the 
Royal Arcanum and the Crescent Athletic and Carle- 
ton Club-, lie al-o belongs to the various Demo- 
cratic organization- of hi- assembly district and in 
local political affairs takes a deep interest, doing all 
in hi- power to promote the growth and insure the 
success of the party. 



VV1 



STEPHEN M. GRISWOLD 



ink.- 



merchant or whether 

as a statesman 111 senatorial balls or a lecturer in 
tin- forum, tlu- fame and reputation of lion Stephen 
M. Griswold will be gratefully accorded a niche in 
tin- people's pantheon. Because it 1- a beneficent 
as well as an irresistible sentimenl thai has prompted 
mankind in all ages to honor those who have 
achieved such eminent success and honorable distinc- 



tion, we take special pleasure in presenting- such a 
notable example as the gentleman whose name in- I 
troduces this article. It offers to young men of the | 
day who find themselves in circumstances similar to j 

those which beset Mr. Griswold. an opportunity to | 
seize many points of profitable comparison and »vor- 
tby of emulation. 1 

Born at Windsor. Connecticut. November 22, 
1835, his early educational advantages might be 
tersely described as such as the "oak bench" and the 
''New England school" implied at that primitive day. 
When only fifteen years of age his youthful ambition 
led him to seek a wider field of opportunities for 
In- already restless spirit and accordingly, in 1851, 
he came to New York to make his fortune. As a 
humble beginning he first accepted employment in a 
grocery store for his board and clothing, remaining 
there for one year, when he secured a position as 
office boy with the cutlery hardware importing house 
of Frost. Askam & Mossforth, of Manchester. Eng- 
land. During this time he improved his spare mo- 
ments by studying bookkeeping and soon won a po- 
sition a- bookkeeper, at six dollars per week, in a 
jewelry house, where he remained for three years. 
At the expiration of that time, in 1S57, he launched 
his first business venture on his own account, estab- 
lishing himself in the jewelry business on a small 
scale at No. 177 Broadway. He there continued 
with well known success and uninterrupted pros- 
perity for fifteen years, when he removed to No. 18 
John street. He there continued for twenty years, 
when he removed to No. 65 Nassau street, his pres- 
ent location. As a successful diamond and jewelry 
merchant he is one of the oldest in New York 
city. He is president of the Union Bank, of Brook- 
lyn, as well as the Hamilton Bank, an institution 
recently absorbed by the former bank. As a tribute 
to his high standing in the financial world he was 
recently elected president of the Bankers' Associa- 
tion, comprising representatives of forty-eight banks 
of Brooklyn and Long Island, for iqoi. 

While thus signally successful as a merchant and 
financier he has found time and energy to devote 
to other lines of activity and we find him equally 
prominent in political and social fields. Politically 
a stanch Republican, as old as the party, having cast 
his first vote for John C. Fremont, he has been the 
recipient of high honors at the hands of the or- 
ganization. He was a member of the municipal as- 
sembly from the eleventh aldermanic district of 
Brooklyn in 1S75. 1876 and 1878. He was elected to 
the senate in 1886, running over twelve hundred 
ahead of his ticket m the third, senatorial district of 
Brooklyn,— a district which at the time bore the 
distinction of being the largest in the state, repre- 
senting over three bun. bed thousand inhabitants. 




tJni . /JAstA /^>-<kA ■ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



45 



He had the honor of serving on various committees 
of the senate. As a member of that body he intro- 
duced and fathered the measures which gave to 
Brooklyn the concourse lands, comprising two thou- 
sand and nine hundred by one thousand feet of 
land, at Coney Island, and which remains the only 
ocean front she can call her own. Through legis- 
lative action he also secured the construction of 
the extension of the Brooklyn bridge over Chatham 
Square, Manhattan, familiarly known as Griswold's 
extension. 

A man of deep religious sentiment, his whole 
life has keen characterized with the true Christian 
spirit, and he has been an active and valued member 
of Plymouth church for about fifty years, and Eor 
over forty years of that tune he has served as an 
usher. When Henry Ward Beecher, Irs pastor, was 
called by Abraham Lincoln to deliver the address on 
the occasion of the restoring of the flag over Fort 
Sumter, April 14, 1865, which had been so ruthlessly 
lowered in 1861, Mr, Griswold happily conceived 
the idea that in order that fitting ceremony might 
grace so important and patriotic an occasion, a 
large delegation of Dr. Beecher' s fellow clergy and 
citi/ens of Brooklyn should accompany him. The 
undertaking proved highly successful and gratifying 
and made memorable the event to the city of Brook- 
lyn. The Oceanus, a steamer chartered for the 
purpose by Mr. Griswold, as chairman of the com- 
mittee, for eighteen thousand dollars, carried the 
distinguished delegation, which also bore the first 
intelligence of Lee's surrender to the half famished 
and besieged city of Charleston. In 1867 lie and 
his wife accompanied "Mark Twain" in his cele- 
brated tour around the world on the steamer Quaker 
City, visiting Egypt. Palestine. Asia Minor, and all 
the countries of Europe, including Russia, and were 
accorded the unusual courtesy of a three-days' visit 
to the Emperor Alexander II. and the empress and 
the Grand Duke Michael at his summer palace at 
Yalta, mi the Black sea 

Though Mr. Griswold enjoyed little educational 
training, a, previously noted in this article, that he 
possessed more than ordinary intellectuality and re- 
ceptive powers of mind was evidenced 111 the able 
and instructive lectures delivered by him as the 
result of his observations on that tour. Possessing 
an accurate memory and tine descriptive powers, with 
a pleasing style of delivery characteristically his 
own. being devoid of any elocutionary affectation. 
his lectures were most entertaining and highly in- 
structive. Mr. Griswold's artistic tastes find in- 
dulgence in music and painting, his collection of 
paintings, representing some of the rarest produc- 
tions of the old masters, being one of the most 
valuable private collections to be found in Brooklyn, 
in which is included the celebrated Adoration of the 



Virgin and Child, by Quido Roni ; City of Jerusalem, 
by August Land; and Alexandria, Egypt, by War- 
ren Sheppard. In music, himself a clever performer 
on the zither, he owns various costly and elegant 
instruments, including the largest pipe organ m any 
private house in Brooklyn. Socially Mr. Griswold 
is a member of the Montauk Club of Brooklyn, of 
which he was once the president. Mrs. Griswold 
accompanied her husband 111 ad his tour,, and as a 
result of her observations there appeared from her 
pen several years ago a volume entitled. "Woman's 
Pilgrimages," which was immensely popular, over 
twenty thousand conies having been sold. 

Such is a brief review of some of the incidents 
in the life of one who has won success by deserving 
it, and who has achieved for himself a commanding 
position in the financial and commercial world, as 
well as high and distinguished honors as a man 
among men. A upright, conscientious and God-fear- 
ing man, his entire life and public career have been 
irreproachably correct, with a character without a 
stain and a spotless private life. 

THEf IDI IRE I! HATES. 

General Theodore Burr < kites, a distinguished of- 
ficer of the great Civil war and a hero of Gettys- 
burg, has also enjoyed high ' civic honors m the 
gift of Ins state and is now a practicing lawyer of 
Greater New York, lie was born in Oneonta, Ot- 
sego county. Xew York. December 16, [828. His 
education was acquired 111 the common schools of 
In, town, the select school of Rev. Henry Spafford, 
of Cooperstown, and in Gilbertsville Academy. He 
began the stud} oi law with Hon. Erastus Cooke. 
in Oneonta, for his preceptor, and concluded his 
studies under his direction at Saugerties, Ulster 
county, whither he had moved, and was admitted to 
tin bar at Kingston in 1850. In May. 1X51. lie 
bought S. S. Hommel's half interest in the Sauger- 
ties Telegraph, B. M. Freligh being the other half 
owner, and together they edited and published the 
paper until some time in 1853, when they sold out 
to William Hull. General Gates married Maria V. 
L. .laughter of the late Major John V. L. Over- 
bagh, one of the best known and most honored 
cit sens of Lister county, on the _>oth of November, 
1X51.' Three children have been born to them, the 
eldest of whom died in Brooklyn in January. 1871. 
General Gates represented the first assembly district 
of Ulster county in the legislature of 1S55. He was 
nominated for congress from the strongly Demo- 
cratic district composed of Ulster and Greene coun- 
ties in 1864, while he was m the field in command 
of his regiment, and was beaten by the Democratic 
candidate, Mr. Hubbel, of Greene county. In 1866 
be was the Republican candidate for state treas- 



46 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



urer, but the entire ticket was defeated. He was 
president of the village of King-ton in 1866-7. 

He removed from Saugerties to Kingston in 
1850 and formed a copartnership with Erastus Cooke 
in the practice of law. The firm did a very large 
ntil the breaking out of the war of the 
rebellion. The General li.nl been connected with 
the Twentieth Regiment, New York state militia 
(.Ulster Guard), for several year-, and was major 
of the regiment at the beginning of the war. He 
dissolved partnership with Judge Cooke and was 
succeeded in the firm by Hon. William Lounsbery. 
He marched with his regiment to the seat of the 
war in April. 1861. Returning home at the expira- 
tion of the regiment's three-months term of service, 
he engaged in the work of reorganizing the regiment 
for the war, and again marched with it to the front 
in October, 1861. Hiram Schoomaker, who had been 
the lieutenant colonel of the regiment, resigned dur- 
ing the three-months term of service, and Major 
(.ate- was elected lieutenant colonel, and this office 
he continued to hold until the death of Colonel 
George W. Pratt, mortally wounded at the second 
battle of Bull Run. August 30, 1862, whereupon he 
was promoted to the colonelcy and commanded the 
regiment thereafter through all its campaigns until 
November 22, 1804, when he resigned. (See history 
of Twentieth Regiment.) From June 18, 1864, until 
his resignation he commanded the post and defense 
of City Point, Virginia, having under his command 
his own regiment and various other forces. Upon 
his resignation his regiment presented him with an 
eulogistic address testifying to their affection for 
him as a commander and fellow soldier, and to the 
profound esteem and the sincere regard in which 
they hould ever hold In- memory. He was ap- 
pointed brigadier general of United States volun- 
teers by brevet. In 1870 he published an octavo 
volume "i about six hundred pages entitled "The 
Ulster Guard and the War of the Rebellion." 

In September, [863, Major General Abner 
Doubleday wrote a- follows: "Colonel Theodore 
B. Gates, of the Twentieth New York militia, served 
under me in the recent battle of Gettysburg as well 
as on several other occasions. The many battles in 
which this officer has been engaged, his great bravery 
and sound military judgment led me to place de- 
pendence in him. On the first daj at Gettysburg 
he was assigned to the important duty of protecting 
the left flank of the First Corps against the heavy 
forces which threatened it. His manoeuvers were 
all excellent and be held his position for several 
hours until the right of the hue ga 1 e way and forced 
him to retire, which he di.i in good order. Although 
outflanked by a whole brigadi I" mtinued, as I 



have said, to hold them in check, and to fall back 
without disorder to a second position on Seminary 
Ridge. Here he formed line again and most gal- 
lantly checked the enemy's advance until the corps 
had nearly all withdrawn. His position was that of 
a forlorn hope, covering the retreat of corps and 
saving it from a great disaster. Exhausted as his 
command must have been from the desperate and 
prolonged fighting on the first day, he nevertheless 
had an equally desperate combat on the third day 
after the terrific artillery assault that preceded the 
final attack of the rebels on our left center. The 
rebels had already penetrated Hancock's line of 
battle, when the two regiments under command of 
Colonel Gates attacked them furiously in front at 
-hort pistol range, charged and drove them from 
the protection of the felled timber in which they 
were sheltered and took a large number of pris- 
oners. On the occasion alluded to Colonel Gates 
commanded the Twentieth New- York (his own 
regiment) and the One Hundred and Fifty-first 
Pennsylvania Volunteers." 

After General Gates returned from the war he 
formed a copartnership with Air. Lounsbery, who 
had dissolved partnership with Judge Cooke upon 
the latter's going out to the field as colonel of the 
One Hundred and Fifty-sixth New York Volun- 
teers. Subsequently Judge Cooke came into the firm 
and the three remained together for about a year, 
when General < rates withdrew and began practice 
alone. In i860 he removed with his family to Brook- 
lyn, where he has since resided and is now practic- 
ing hi- profession in that city and New York, with 
his office in the former. With the fondness of 
martial scenes still strong within him. General Gates 
accepted the lieutenant-colonelcy of the Thirteenth 
Regiment in 1881. He is a member of United States 
Grand Post, G. A. R., and was president of the 
Veterans's Association of the Thirteenth Regiment 
for fourteen years. He was appointed register n 
bankruptcy by the chief justice of the United States 
supreme court, and in 1865 was appointed major 
general of the Fifth Division. National Guard of 
New York, which he held until his resignation upon 
removing to Brooklyn. 

Pie was appointed by Governor Fenton, in 1S67, 
one of a commission including himself ami General 
James B. McKean, late chief justice of Utah, to 
settle the account- between the state of New York 
and the United States with reference to expenditures 
of the st;iu- in the war of the Rebellion, amounting 
to many millions of dollars. 

General Gates has been twice married. His first 
wife having died 111 November, 1888. on June 28, 
1893, he was again happily wedded, to Miss Ida M. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Dixon, of an old and prominent family of Palmyra, 
New York. Their union has been blessed with a 
daughter, Theodora Margarette, to brighten and 
gladden their home. 

CHANDLER F. GRAVES, M. 1 >. S. 

Chandler F. Graves, who is engaged in the prac- 
tice of dental surgery in Brooklyn, was born in 
Senaca Falls, Seneca county, New York, on the 1st 
of January, 1836, his parents being Lewis and Ade- 
line (Janes) Graves, the former a native of Ver- 
mont. His father in early life was a builder, and 
also occupied the position of magistrate, but after- 
ward studied medicine and was one of the first physi- 
cians in Seneca Falls. He studied surgery under 
the direction of the late Dr. Frank Hamilton, who 
was afterward surgeon general of the United Stat.;? 
army. In 1846 Dr. Lewis Graves removed t.i South 
Sodus, in Wayne county, New York, ami subse- 
quently to Lyons, in the same county. He prac- 
ticed for a number of years in each of those towns 
and then took up his abode in Albany, whence a few 
years later he went to Long Island city, remaining 
at that point for several years. He was postmaster 
there under President Lincoln's second administra- 
tion, under Johnson and during Grant's first ad- 
ministration, and while serving in that capacity lie 
was the recipient of a very unique chart bearing 
the autographs of President Grant, his cabinet, the 
justices of the supreme court, the United States 
senate, the house of representatives and the terri- 
torial delegates. Dr. Graves died 111 1880, at the 
age of sixty-nine years, and was survived by his 
widow until 1856, when she, too, was called to her 
final rest, being then seventy-six years of age. The 
family numbered five children: Eliza, who became 
the wife of Marcus L. Graves, of Auburn, Now 
York; Chandler F. ; Benjamin F., who resides in 
Brooklyn, and is engaged in the wholesale clothing 
business in New York; Thomas, who died in child- 
hood; and Ellen L., who married John Gail Borden, 
now deceased, of the Borden Milk Company. 

In taking up the personal history of Dr. Chand- 
ler F. Graves we note that his preliminary educa- 
tion was acquired in the public schools of Seneca 
Falls and that he afterward studied in Wayne coun- 
ty. In 1855 he began the study of dentistry in the 
office of Crane & Hoffman, of Rochester, New York, 
where he remained for five years. After practicing 
for a few months in Albany he removed to Brook- 
lyn, where for five years he was associated with Dr. 
Hezekiah Stratton, and since that time he has con- 
ducted one of the largest dental practices in the 
city. Lie is a member of the Brooklyn Dental So- 
ciety and the Second District Dental Society. 



On the 23d of October, 1861, Dr. Craves was 
united in marriage to Miss Annie Jones, of Roches- 
ter, and they have two children, Clarence I and 
Abram Lewis, the latter now in the employ of the 
Standard Oil Company. The Doctor belongs to 
Crystal Wave Lodge, No. 638, F. & A. M., of which 
he is past master, hot- eighteen years he has been 
its treasurer, a fact which indicates the high regard 
and confidence which his brethren of the fraternity 
have for him. He is also a member of the Con- 
sistory, having attained the thirty-second degree of 
the Scottish Rite, and is a charter member of the 
Masonic Veterans Association, of Brooklyn. He 
likewise belongs to the Aurora Grata Club, and he 
and In, family are members of the LaFayette Ave- 
nue Presbyterian church. In his political views he 
is a stalwart Republican and has been a delegate 
to the stale and county conventions. LI i s close ap- 
plication, tamest purpose and laudable ambition 
have been salient features in his professional suc- 
cess, enabling htm to work his way steadily upward 
until he now occupies a very enviable position as a 
representative of the dental fraternity. 

COLONEL EZRA MILLER. 

Among the residents of Brooklyn who attained 
an international reputation was the late Colonel Ezra 
Miller, and a brief account of his remarkable career 
cannot fail to be of interest to his many frit nds and 
acquaintances. 

lie was born near Pleasant Valley, Bergen coun- 
ty. New Jersey, May 12, 1812, and was a son of 
Ezra Wilson and Hannah (Ryerson) Miller. His 
father was a native of Westchester county. New- 
York, and his mother was a daughter of George 
Ryerson, a wealthy resident of Pompton, New- Jer- 
sey, and a granddaughter of Samuel Ellis, who 
owned Ellis Island. This branch of the Miller fam- 
ily di icended from John Miller, an English phil- 
osopher who came to America on the boat follow- 
ing the Mayflower. It is essentially an American 
family and has furnished many men who attained 
high standing in the different walks of life. Among 
these may be mentioned the two brothers — Captain 
John Miller, of Penny Bridge fame, and Colonel 
Thomas Miller, who was in command at Fort 
( Ireene, Long Island. 

When Colonel Miller was a boy his parents re- 
moved to New York. They lived in Rhinebeck 
for three years, and finally located in Flushing, 
where he received a good education. His father 
wished him to become a physician, hut the natural 
trend of his mind was toward something more me- 
chanical, and he became a topographical, mechanical 
and hydraulic engineer. 



48 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAXD. 



In early life he was fond of military studies, 
and on the 23d of September, 18.53. enlisted in a 
company of artillery belonging to the Second Regi- 
ment of New York state militia. He was promoted 
as adjutant August 5. 1839, lieutenant colonel July 
2. 1840, and colonel July 4, 1842. Soon after his 
marriage, in May, 1841. he became commander of 
Fort Hamilton. Long Island, where he continued for 
mx years. Robert E Lee, who afterward became 
the great Confederate general, was at that lime sta- 
tioned there, and once while playing with a feed 
cutter Colonel Miller's little daughter. Josephine, cut 
off a portion of the finger of the since famous Gen- 
eral Fitzhugh Lee. 

In 1848 Colonel Miller was sent to Wisconsin to 
make surveys of public lands and attend to the pro- 
tection 1 if the timber of the state. There his natural 
capacity for making friends led to his election and 
service for two years as justice of the .peace in 
Mae.ii ilia, and 111 [852 In bis election to the senate 
of the state. He declined re-election to the latter 
office, but under the administration of President 
Buchanan served a- postmaster of Janesville, where 
in his employ as a barefoot boy was Douglas King, 
now in charge of the money department of the New- 
York postofhee. In 185 1 Governor Dewey appointed 
Colonel Miller to the command .if the Eighth Regi- 
ment of Wisconsin militia, in which capacity he was 
well qualified to render valuable service to his 
adopted state. 

About this time the great railroad lines of the 
country were being built and put into operation. 
Necessarily many of those in charge of trains were 
inexperienced, which, together with the fact that the 
control of tram by telegraph was only in its ex- 
perimental stage, resulted in many accidents. One 
of the wm-st features of these accidents was the 
"tele-coping" of colliding cars. Colonel Miller's at- 
tention w.i- attracted by the terrible fatalities result- 
ing from this cause, ami after an exhaustive study 
of the question decided that much of the difficulty 
could be overcome l>.\ changing the construction 
of the cars. He accordingly set to work, and in 1863 
completed and patented bis first invention of a car 
thai would not "telescope." lie afterward extended 
his inventions to include the coupler, buffer and 
platform, upon which patenfs were successively se- 
cured, and which were eagerly adopted by railroads 
throughout the world. Under the present well reg- 
ulated systems of train-dispatching the number of 
railroad accidents have been proportionately reduced, 
but the awful "tele-coping" of former years is al- 
most unknown to the present generation. This, re- 
sulting from Colonel Miller', inventions, places bun 
among the great benefactors of the human race, and. 



it is pleasant to state, it also resulted in securing to 
him a handsome fortune. 

Returning to Brooklyn in 1865, he continued to 
reside there until 1870. when he removed to his 
palatial home which he had erected in Mahwah. New- 
Jersey, where, surrounded by every luxury, he en- 
joyed the well earned ease of the evening of a well 
spent life. The people of New Jersey showed their 
appreciation of their new distinguished neighbor by 
electing him to the state senate in 1883, and two' 
years later he passed away, having survived by two 
years his wife, who was a daughter of Captain Seth 
Miller. 

To Colonel and Mrs. Miller were born five chil- 
dren : Ezra -Wilson Miller, who occupies the home- 
stead in Mahwah and devotes his time to the cul- 
tivation of the fine farm adjoining; Amanada Jo- 
sephine, who married Marshall L. Hinman, presi- 
dent of the Brooke Locomotive Works in Dunkirk. 
New York; Jordan Grey Miller, a tea and coffee 
merchant of Xew York city, with residence in Brook- 
lyn ; Harriet Martha, deceased, who married John 
Henry Van Kirk, of Brooklyn, also deceased; and 
Franklin Pierce Miller, M. D., a prominent mem- 
ber of the medical profession of Brooklyn. 

JULIAN D. FAIRCHILD. 

In studying the lives and character of prominent 
men, we are naturally led to inquire into the secret 
of their success and the motives that prompted their 
action. Success is a question of genius, as held by 
many; but is it not rather a matter of experience 
and sound udgment. For when we trace the career 
of those who stand highest in public esteem, we 
find in nearly every case that there are those who 
have risen gradually, fighting their way in the face 
of all opposition. Self-reliance, conscientiousness, 
energy, honesty, — these are the traits of character 
that insure the highest emoluments and greatest 
success. To these may we attribute the succes- that 
has crowned the efforts of Mr. Fairchild. 

Julian I). Fairchild, president of the Kings 
County Trust Company and the Union Ferry 
Company, was bom in Stratford. Connecticut. April 
17, 1850, and is the only child of Douglas and Lydia 
Esther (Hawley) Fairchild, natives of Connecticut, 
and of early Scotch ancestry. The name is said 
to have been originally Fairbairn. The family set- 
tled in Stratford at a very early date and the Haw- 
ley family were among the early settlers of Dun- 
bury. Connecticut. Douglas Fairchild died Novem- 
ber 7. 1898, aged seventy-two years, and his wife 
died March 30, 1889, aged fifty-nine years. He was 
a shoemaker by trade and was unable to provide 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



li s son with more than a limited education. Julian 
D. Fairchild attended only the public schools of 
his native town and later those of New Haven, 
luring the hours out of school he sold newspapers 
in the streets and frequently during the noon hour 
went to the campus of Yale College and sold to 
he students home-made molasses candy, which had 
been made by his mother. 

At the age of thirteen our subject put aside his 
text-books and entered the employ of a large hard- 
ware manufacturing house in New Haven, where he 
remained for about three years, filling the positions 
of office boy, entry clerk, and assistant bookkeeper. 
With the money earned in that time he started a tea. 
coffee and spice store, which he continued fur about 
a year and sold out. At the age of twenty-one he 
became secretary to the Quinnipiac Fertilizer Com- 
pany of Xew Haven and Xew London. Connecticut. 
In 1874 he severed his connection with this company 
and came to New York, where he became identified 
with the E. Frank Coe Fertilizer Company, of 
which he eventually became president. But in 1894 
he disposed of all his interests in the fertilizing bus- 
iness, having been elected in May. 1893, president of 
the Kings County Trust Company, and has been 
connected with this institution since its inception, 
contributing largely to its success. He is also a 
director of the Bedford Bank, the Nassau Fire In- 
surance Company, Metropolitan Plate Glass Insur- 
ance Company and president of the Union Ferry 
Company. 

He was married January 9, 1879, to Miss Flor- 
ence I. Bradley, daughter of Charles W. Bradley. 
of X\\v Haven. They have now two children, Flor- 
ence E. and Julian P., who has a position in his 
father's bank. The family attend the Dutch Re- 
formed church. They reside at Xo. 845 Carroll 
street, Brooklyn, and have a summer home at Cedar- 
hurst, Long Island. 

In 1896 Mr. Fairchild was offered the Democratic 
nomination for mayor of Brooklyn, but hi; business 
interests would not permit him to accept the honor. 
He was appointed by Mayor Van Wyck one of the 
commissioners from Brooklyn on the new East 
river bridge, now in process of construction, and is 
treasurer of the board. He is also a regent in the 
Long Island College Hospital, president of the 
Brooklyn Central Dispensary, trustee of the Brook- 
lyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, a director of 
the Brooklyn Club, and vice-president of the Mon- 
tauk Club, and is a member of the Chamber of Com- 
merce, the New York Produce Exchange and the 
Carleton and Field and Marine Clubs. Beginning 
business life at a very small salary. Mr. Fairchild is 
a splendid example of what energy and industry, 
coupled with a determination to win, make it pos- 
sible in this nrogressive country. Small though his 



first earnings were he saved a portion of them, 
not because he was penurious, hut because he did not 
think that extravagance was either a luxury or a 
necessity. His prosperity is attributable to his in- 
domitable energy and the close and assiduous at- 
tention he has paid to the minute portions of his 
affairs. Courteous, genial, well informed, alert and 
enterprising, he stands to-day one of the leading rep- 
resentative men of his state, — a man who is a power 
in his community. 



EDWARD 



W \KD. 



Edward G. Ward, late borough superintendent of 
the public schools and a prominent factor in the 
public educational system of Brooklyn, was born in 
the eastern district of this city in 1843. a descendant 
of an old patriotic colonial family, which, prior to 
the Revolution, came from Connecticut to New York 
and located there. The family name has been con- 
spicuous in the wars of the country. His great- 
grandfather served in the Revolutionary war: his 
grandfather fought in the war of 1812, and two of 
his brothers were in the Union army during the 
Civil war. 

Mr Ward was educated in the public schools of 
Xew York city and Hoboken and in the New Jersey 
State Normal School at Trenton. On leaving school 
he continued his education by a thorough and com- 
prehensive course of private study, covering a period 
of many years and embracing many branches, in- 
cluding language, mathematics, science, literature 
and history. He began his career as a teacher at 
a very early age. and when bill seventeen was male 
vice principal of a grammar school in Hoboken, New 
Jersey. Shortly afterward he became the principal 
of what is now- grammar school Xo. ti in Jersey 
City. Subsequently he held the chair of mathemat- 
ics and grammar in the Jersey City Normal School, 
where he remained for years, until the school was 
abandoned. In 1879 he was called to the principal- 
-h p of grammar school Xo. 10 of Brooklyn, a posi- 
tion which he filled so acceptably that during his 
first year his salary was raised from the 'minimum 
to the maximum figure paid to principals. He re- 
mained there until 1885. when, a vacancy occurring 
111 1 he office of the superintendent of public schools 
of Brooklyn, he was elected by the board of educa- 
tion to the position of associate superintendent. In 
[898, on the resignation of Dr. William TI Max- 
well. Mr. Ward was elected superintendent of the 
schools of the borough of Brooklyn, a position for 
which his previous career had especially fitted him 
and which he held with increasing success during 
the remainder of his life. When nominated for 
borough superintendent he was thus referred to: 

"I refer to Mr. Ward, a practical teacher, a wise 



50 



HISTORY OF LOXG ISLAND. 



and successful principal, an efficient superintendent. 
who has discharged his duties as such with a single 
eye and an intelligent purpose, and at the same time 
has held the friendship and respect of the teachers. 
What better qualifications could be found by search- 
ing in any city or any slate? Added to this high 
order of ability, his familiarity with our schools and 
our teachers and his seniority on this board of su- 
perintendents make him the logical candidate for 
this position." 

Mr. Ward died September 13. 1901. 

HENRY E. ROEHR, 

During his long and useful life, Henry E. Roehr 
was one of the strongest personalities in the business, 
social and political life of Brooklyn, and his influ- 
ence extended to every portion of the Union where 
German-Americans had their homes. 

He was born in Schleiz, in the principality of 
Reuss, Germany, in 1841. His father, Edward Franz 
Roehr, was a prominent leader in the revolution of 
1848, and in 1849 he was obliged to expatriate him- 
self. He came to Williamsburg. Long Island, and, 
after following several occupations, he saved suffi- 
cient money to send for his family, who arrived in 
1S51. After a time the senior Roehr founded the 
"Long Island Anzeiger," which existed for but a 
year. In 1855 he established "Der Triangel," a Ger- 
man Masonic journal, which flourished for twenty- 
five years. 

Henry E. Roehr was but nine years of age wdien 
he was brought to the United States. He at once 
became a paper-carrier for his father, and began to 
learn the trade of printer. Meanwhile he was an 
omnivorous reader, and he acquired a liberal store 
of general information and a taste for literature 
which remained with him throughout his life. When 
sixteen years of age he left home to ply his calling 
elsewhere, ami he worked in Albany and Cincinnati, 
lie was again working in his father's office when the 
Civil war broke out. and. when volunteers were 
called for. Ins was the fourth name signed to an ap- 
peal to the young Germans to enter the military 
service. He enlisted in the Twentieth Regiment of 
New York Volunteers and was made a sergeant 111 
Company I. He was wounded in action at New 
Market Bridge, Virginia, and shortly afterward was 
promoted to a second lieutenancy, and afterward to 
a first lieutenancy. He participated in all the cam- 
paigns of the Army of the Potomac until the sum- 
mer of 1863, when his term of service expired and 
he was honorably discharged Returning home, he 
worked on several newspapers until the winter of 
1864, when he and his father founded the "Long 
Island Anzeiger." It was published weekly until 



1869, when it became a semi-weekly, and in 1872 the 
name was changed to that of the "Brooklyn Freie 
Presse," which became a daily. In 187,3 Mr. Roehr 
bought his father's interest, and the same year he 
began the publication of a Sunday issue called "The 
Long Islander." He conducted the two journals with 
great ability until his death, which occurred in 1901. 

His war service developed a taste for military 
affairs, and he took a deep interest in the National 
Guard. In 1868 he recruited a battalion of four 
companies of infantry, and received the commission 
of major, and later he was promoted to the colonel- 
cy of the Thirty-second Regiment. He brought that 
command to a high state of efficiency, and resigned 
in 1876. He was a stanch Republican until 1872, 
when he joined the liberal wing of the party. Pie 
rejoined the old organization after the election that 
year, but in 1S84 he supported Cleveland for the 
presidency, again returning to his old party. He 
was a member of various fraternal and social organ- 
izations, and was an influential leader in all. 

Colonel Roehr married Miss Anna M. Blank- 
hardt. and to them were born seven children. One 
of the sons. Edward, a highly educated and talented 
man. who has had much experience in journalism, 
has proven a capable successor to his father, and 
now conducts the journals with which the family 
name has been for so many years associated. 

JOSEPH ASPIXALL. 

Joseph Aspinall. county judge of the county of 
Kings, is of English descent, a nephew of the Rev. 
George Hollis. who came from England to Brooklyn 
about the year 18,30. He was educated in Brooklyn, 
beginning in the public schools and afterward attend- 
ing a private school affording what was equivalent 
to an academical course, in which he was graduated 
when eighteen years of age. He found employment 
in a rope manufactory, but he found himself in- 
clined to a professional life, and he entered the law 
office of his cousin. William H. Hollis. under »!in-f 
preceptorship he read law diligently, at the same 
lime attending Columbia College Law School in the 
class of 1S75. After being admitted to the bar he 
became associated in practice with the cousin who 
had aided 111 his professional education, ami he suc- 
ceeded to the business of the firm after the death 
of his partner, in 1881. The business was at that 
lime extensive and important, consisting largely of 
surrogate's, civil and real-estate practice. Mr. Aspin- 
all subsequently became counsel for the National 
City Bank of Brooklyn, and custodian of many im- 
portant financial and real-estate interests. 

Mr. Aspinall has been long prominent in Repub- 
lican political circles, and has been accorded a posi- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



tion of leadership in the ranks of the party. He has 
been frequently a delegate in important conventions. 
For three annual terms, beginning in 1888, he was 
elected to the assembly from the eleventh district 
of Kings county, and in 1891 he was elected to the 
senate, defeating Charles Sutherland, a former mem- 
ber of that body. In 1001 he was elected county 
judge of Kings county. 

Judge Aspinall is prominent in various fraternal 
and social bodies. In Masonry he has attained to 
the thirty-second degree of the Scottish Rite, and 
he is a noble in Kismet Temple of the Mystic Shrine. 
He is a member of the Aurora Grata Club, the 
Union League Club, the Garfield Club, the Brook- 
lyn Club, the Lake Mahopac Yacht Club, the Adri- 
ance Club and the Adelphi Riding Club. 

EDWARD M. SHEPARD. 

Edward Morse Shepard, of Brooklyn, lawyer. 
author, reformer and statesman, a man of splendid 
intellectual attainments and nobility of character, 
was born in New York city in 1850. He was a son 
of Lorenzo B. Shepard. a distinguished lawyer and 
politician, who at the age of twenty-seven years 
was United States district attorney for the district 
of New York, and was afterward district attorney 
for the county of New York, and later counsel of 
the corporation : he was a grand sachem of Tam- 
many Hall in its palmiest days, a delegate to the 
Democratic national convention which nominated 
James Buchanan for the presidency, and was held 
as a friend by Horatio Seymour, William L. Marcy 
and Samuel T. Tilden. He died in 1856. at the early 
age of thirty-six years, at almost the outset of what 
promised to lie a phenomenally brilliant career. 

Edward M. Shepard began his education in the 
public schools of New York, studied one year at 
Oberlin (Ohio) College, and completed his educa- 
tion in the College of the City of New York, at 
which he was graduated in 1869 at the age of eight- 
een years. He was fortunate in having for guard- 
ian, his father's intimate friend. Abram S. Hewitt, 
who took in him a fatherly interest and aided in giv- 
ing to his ambition proper direction. As a law stu- 
dent he came under the kindly influence of John E. 
Parsons, and in later days he became the partner of 
that distinguished man. He supported himself by 
his office labors while engaged in his studies, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1875. The following 
year he engaged in practice in partnership .with Al- 
bert Stickney. and this association was maintained 
until 1890, when he became a member of what is to- 
day one of the foremost law organizations in the 
United States, the firm of Parsons. Shepard & Og- 
den. The efficiency of this firm is unique, and there 
are few cases of metropolitan, national or interna-* 



tional moment in which it is not engaged, on one 
side or the other. 

The public services rendered by Air. Shepard have 
been ot momentous importance. In his young man- 
hood he was an organization member of the Young 
Men'- Democratic Club of Brooklyn, and was the 
chairman of its executive committee for two years, 
and its president for three years. When that body 
gave itself to selfish purposes, Mi-, Shepard and 
others withdrew and founded the Brooklyn Demo- 
cratic Club, which became a leader in the reform 
movement that culminated in the renomination 
and re-election to the presidency of Grover Cleve- 
land in 1892, and in the moral revolution which re- 
deemed the judicial department from reproach and 
tlie city of Brooklyn from misrule in 1893. A fur- 
ther result was the conscience movement within the 
-tale Democracy in 1S94, and the restoration of the 
Democratic party to power. Mr. Shepard was a 
leading and potential agent in these and other re- 
form movements, and he was singled out to occupy 
various official positions in which were demanded un- 
selfish service in the interests of good government and 
the protection of public rights. In 18S4-5 he was 
forest commissioner of the state of New York, and 
in that capacity he acquitted himself most credit- 
ably. In 4891 he became a member ot the judicial 
commission appointed to ascertain and fix the value 
of the plant and franchise of the Long Island Water 
Supply Company: as a leading spirit in this body, 
and a- it- representative in the incident litigation, he 
was the principal agent in saving not less than one 
million dollars to the public treasury In 1805 he 
became attorney general of the state within this de- 
partment, and his services in that position were of 
transcendant importance. The city of Brooklyn was 
relieved from misrule, and the treasury plunderers 
were hunted down. Every guilty man was arrested, 
indicted, convicted and sentenced, after litigation 
originating in the lowest court and terminating only 
111 tlie Supreme Court of the United States, where 
every contention made by Mr. Shepard was sus- 
tained. Mr. Shepard was appointed civil-service 
commissioner by Mayor Low (1883-5), and he orig- 
inated the code which has since been pronounced to 
be the mo c t practical and effective of all inaugurated 
m the United States up to that time. In 1901 he 
became the mayoralty candidate r.f the reform De- 
mocracy, but suffered -defeat by a fusion movement. 

His fine literary abilities have been employed in 
the production of various addresses and monographs, 
covering historical, economic and literary topics, 
some prepared for special occasions and others of 
enduring worth. He has made one lasting contri- 
bution to history in his "Life of Martin Yan Bu- 
ren" in the "American Statesmen" scries, and is 
now engaged upon a work of like value in his 



HISTORY OF LOXG ISLAND. 



"Biography of Horatio Seymour," having at his dis- 
posal all the letters, records and correspondence of 
that distinguished statesman. 

Mr. Shepard is a communicant of Holy Trinity 
(Protestant Episcopal) church, a trustee of the 
Packer Institute and a regent of the Long Island 
College Hospital. The organizations of which he is 
a member are the Cobden Chib, of England: the 
Manhattan, University, Reform and Church Clubs. 
of New York city; and the Hamilton, Brooklyn, and 
Riding and Driving Clubs, of Brooklyn. 

JOHN O. F. HILL, M. D. 

Absolute capability often exists in specific in- 
stances, but is never brought into the clear light of 
the utilitarian and practical life. Hope looks up 
from the valley while effort climbs to the mountain 
top ; so that personal advancement comes not to 
the on,> who hopes alone, but to the one wdiose hope 
and faith are those of action. Thus is determined 
the full measure of success to one who has strug- 
gled under disadvantageous circumstances, and the 
prostrate mediocrity to another whose ability has 
been as great and opportunities wider. Then we 
may well bold in high regard the results of in- 
dividual effort and personal accomplishment, for 
cause and effect here maintain their functions in 
full force. The truth of these statements is ex- 
emplified in the career of Dr. Hill, a most promi- 
nent physician of Coney island, wdiose ability in the 
line of his chosen calling has gained him eminence 
in professional ranks. 

Dr. Dill was born in Guttenberg, Sweden. De- 
cember n, 1863. His father, Ephraim Hill, came 
to the United States, taking up his abode in Brook- 
lyn in 1871. He is a merchant tailor, but his an- 
cestors were fanning people. He married Sophia 
Johnson, who died in TX07. leaving two children. 
The Doctor pursued his education in the public 
schools of Brooklyn and was in the Polytechnical 
Institute in 1882. lb- afterward entered the Long 
Island College Hospital and was graduated in 1886. 
While studying medicine he was employed by the 
New York board of education to instruct Scandi- 
navians in the English branches of education in the 
night schools, lie also acted as court interpreter. 
Upon bis graduation al a medical college, he at 
once opened an office in Brooklyn and has since 
built up a large practice, his business steadily and 
constantly increasing, lie has been the health of- 
ficer of the town of Gravesend and police sur- 
geon, and has charge of the summer homes of the 
New York City Aid Society and the Society for 
[mproved Condition of the Poor, on Coney Island. 
He belongs to the Kings County Medical Associa- 



tion and the Kings County Medical Society. He 
has put forth every effort to perfect himself in his 
chosen calling and make his services of the greatest 
benefit to mankind. He has a very kind and sym- 
pathetic nature and he never hears unheeded a cry 
of distress or a call for aid. He is also the owner 
of the Coney Island Pharmacy. 

Dr. Hill was married, on the 3d of June, 1890, 
to Miss Marietta Williamson, a daughter of S. S. 
Williamson. They have a beautiful home on Coney 
Island and are well known to a large circle of warm 
friends. The Doctor is a very devoted and active 
member of the Masonic fraternity and in his life 
exemplifies its benevolent and noble principles. He 
was raised in Kings County Lodge, No. 511, F. & 
A. M., in December, 1888, and has served as senior 
master of ceremonies and as senior warden. He be- 
came a charter member of Kedron Lodge, No. 803, 
and was its master in 1S94 and 1895. He has also 
taken the Royal Arch degree, was knighted in De 
Witt Clinton Commander}', No. 27. K. T.. and is a 
Noble, belonging to Kismet Temple of the Mystic 
Shrine. He is also a member of an Odd Fellows 
lodge, of the Atlantic Yacht Club and the Crescent 
Athletic Club. He has taken a deep interest in 
everything pertaining to the welfare of the commu- 
nity. He was president of the board of education 
before the annexation of the town to New York 
city. In politics he is prominent, being a leading 
and influential representative of the Democratic in- 
terests of Coney Island. In manner he is most 
genial and has the happy faculty not only of win- 
ning friends but of drawing them closer to him as 
the years pass by. In his profession he has gained 
marked distinction. He possessed marked judg- 
ment and marked discernment in the diagnosing of 
disease, and was peculiarly successful in anticipating 
the issue of complications, seldom making mistakes 
and never exaggerating or minifying the disease in 
rendering his decisions in regard thereto. He was a 
physician of great fraternal delicacy, and no man 
ever observed more closely the ethics of the un- 
written professional code or showed more care- 
ful courtesy to his fellow practitioners than did he. 
Almost as a sacred trust he seemed to hold his pro- 
fessional offices, and he would never forbear to go 
forth to the relief of those afflicted, showing clearly 
that his was an abiding sympathy and that he with- 
held not Ins assisting hand from the poor and needy. 

FREDERIC A. WARD. 

Frederic Augustus Ward, lawyer, is a native of 
Connecticut, born in Farmington, Hartford county. 
April I. 1841. His parents were Augustus and Su- 
san (Cowles) Ward. His father was a prominent 





/? 



&.A 



7^.2. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



•citizen of the town where the son was born, and 
occupied many positions of honor and trust in the 
community; he was active in financial and commer- 
cial affairs, and was a director in several banks, in- 
surance companies and manufacturing associations. 

Frederic A. Ward began his education in the 
public schools of his native town, and completed it 
at Yale College, at which he was graduated with 
high honors in the class of 1862. During bis entire 
boyhood and student life he had an enthusiastic love 
for the languages, polite literature and music, and 
in their pursuit he added to the adornments of a 
collegiate education. Upon leaving college he be- 
came a student at the Columbia College Law School, 
from which he received the degree of Bachelor of 
Laws in 18(15. He then became a clerk to the law 
firm of Mott. Murray & Harris, of Brooklyn, and 
subsequently the managing clerk of Emott, Van 
Cott & Jenks. When the latter named firm dis- 
solved, in 1866, he became a partner of the late 
Grenville T. Jenks, who was an acknowledged leader 
of the bar in the second judicial department. Mr. 
Jenks died in 1870. when Mr. Ward became associ- 
ated with Hon. George G. Reynolds, and the part- 
nership was continued until 1872. when Judge Rey : 
nobis was re-elected to the bench. Mr. Ward then 
practiced alone until 1878. when he formed a part- 
nership with Hon. Almet F. Jenks (now a justice of 
the supreme court), which existed until 1884. from 
which time, excepting during the interval that he 
sat upon the bench ■ of the supreme court, be has 
practiced alone, principally as counsel in the defence 
in court of important corporate interests. For many 
years he has numbered among his clients such large 
corporations as the Manhattan Elevated Railroad, 
the Xew York Central Railroad, the National Bank 
of Commerce, the Union Ferry Company, Green- 
wood, many of the Brooklyn city railways, and 
many of the leading houses in the paper, wool and 
dry Efoods businesses. He has argued manv of the 
leading cases governing the rights and liabilities of 
banks, stock-brokers and carriers of passengers, and 
lie has been associated as counsel in the trial of 
causes with very many of the most prominent law 
firms in New York city. His conduct throughout 
his professional career has been characterized by 
those qualifications which command success and es- 
tablish reputation — clear conception of the questions 
at issue, care in preparation, lucidity and vigor in 
presentation, and absolute fidelity to the trusts com- 
mitted to him. In 1898 he was appointed justice of 
the supreme court, and in that position lie received 
the commendation of his colleagues and of the bar, 
and was nominated by the Republican party at the 
•ensuing election, but was defeated at the polls. 

A Republican in his political affiliations, Mr. 



Ward has in various campaigns given earnesi -.up- 
port to his party, advocating its principles as being 
the most stable foundation of good government and 
commercial stability, and without regard to political 
preferment. He was for a time president of the 
First Ward Republican Association of Brooklyn. 
He is a member of numerous educational and social 
organizations, in several of which he has occupied 
official position. He was president of the Yale Alum- 
ni Association for several years; ami he was for 
several years a director in the Brooklyn Library, in 
the Long Island Historical Society, and in the Phil- 
harmonic Society. He was elected president of 
Greenwood in 1897, of the New England Society in 
1899, and president of the Hamilton Club in 1901. 
Other chilis in which he holds membership are the 
Brooklyn, Lawyers', the Barnard, the Twentieth 
Century, the Republican, and the Wyandanch Par- 
macheuee Sporting Club. He is a director in the Bar 
Association, and in the People's Trust Company. 

Mr. Ward married Mrs. Percie S. Jenks, of 
Brooklyn. September 5, 1871 ; and June X, 1S81, he 
married Miss Jessie L. Thompson. 

AZEL D. MATTHEWS. 

One of the most enterprising of the early mer- 
chants of Brooklyn, and the first to establish a dry 
goods store of the modern type in that city, was 
Azel D. Matthews, who was born in 180Q. in Hins- 
dale, Massachusetts. He came to Brooklyn when it 
was but a village, and he a youth but nineteen years 
of age. He found a clerkship in the store of S. 111011 
Richardson, but after a few days ill health obliged 
linn to abandon work, and for a long time after re- 
covering he was unable to find employment. lie 
finally engaged with the tanning firm of Van Nos- 
tran'd & Tolford, with whom be remained for nine 
years, when the house failed. With his savings, 
about five hundred dollars, he attempted the estab- 
lishment of a tannery in Sullivan county, but the 
project was abandoned. Returning to Brooklyn, he 
opened a dry goods store at 113 Main street, and 
conducted it for eight years, when he opened a larger 
establishment on Fulton street. Later lie opened a 
larger store at no Myrtle street, where the business 
was conducted until 1862. when removal was made 
to Fulton street and Gallatin Place. In 1S79 he ad- 
mitted his sons. Gardiner D. and lames, to partner- 
ship, the firm name being A. D. Matthews & Sons. 

From the first. Mr. Matthews was exceedingly 
active in church and Sunday-school work. On com- 
ing to Brooklyn he connected himself with the First 
Presbyterian church and with its Sunday-school. In 
1833 he removed his relations to St. Anne's Fpisco- 



54 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAXD. 



its Sunday-school until 1S72. ami then removed to 
St. Peter's Episcopal church, where he taught the 
young men's Bihle class for ten years. He became 
manager of the Brooklyn Sunday-school Union at 
its organization, and served in that capacity for 
many years thereafter. He was for several years 
county secretary of the State Sunday-school Associa- 
tion, and was actively connected with the Brooklyn 
City Mission Tract Society and the American Tract 
Society. 

GARDINER D. MATTHEWS. 

Being a Brooklynite by birth, education, resi- 
dence and business interest, it 1- natural that Gar- 
diner D. Matthews should be a number of the So- 
ciety of Old Brooklynites. He was born in 1841, 
and was educated at the public schools and the 
Polytechnic Institute. At the age of sixteen years 
he became a clerk in the employ of his father, and 
after a number of years of service was, with his 
brother James, admitted to partner-hip and the firm 
of A D Matthews & Sons was established. He has 
the responsible duty of looking after the purchase 
of goods from all markets ; in this he has the co- 
operation of the representatives of the house abroad, 
whom he joins from time to time as occasion re- 
quire';. He is a stockholder in several financial in- 
stitutions. He is married and has one son and one 
daughter living. 

ALEXANDER JOHNSTON CHALMERS 
SKENE. LL. D., M. D. 

Scotland has furnished to America some of her 
most distinguished citizens, and prominent among 
these \\a- Dr. Skene, the great gynecologist and ob- 
stetrician of Brooklyn, who was born in the parish 
of Fyvie, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. June 17, 1837. a 
son of Johnston and Jane (McConachie) Skene, 
lie is a direct descendant of the Skenes of Skene. 

According to the best authorities, it appears that 
when Malcolm II. kins of Scotland, was returning 
fn.m tlie defeat of the Danes at Mortlach, on Mo- 
ray, in 1010. he was pursued by a ravenous wolf. 
which was about to attack him, when a younger son 
of Donald of the [sles, seeing the king's danger, 
thrust his left arm, around which he bad-wrapped his 
plaid, into the wolf's mouth, and with his dirk 
stabbed it to the heart. For ihi <t\icc the king 
gave him all the lands which form the parish of 
Skene, Aberdeenshire. This incident also give rise 
to the family name, the word squian meaning dagger 
or dirk, and the armorial bearings of the family 
wet -■ 01 namented u ith three daggi 1 : nd 1 many 
wolves' heads. 



In the thirteenth century, after the death of Mal- 
colm Canmore, John de Skene, in the uncertain state 
of the times, joined the usurper, Donald Bain; but 
having afterward proved his loyalty to the lawful 
monarch, Alexander, he was restored to favor, and 
the estates have ever since continued in the family. 
His great-grandson, John, lived in the reign of Alex- 
ander III, and was of such political importance as 
to be chosen one of the arbiters in the contest be- 
tween Bruce and Baliol for the crown. His grand- 
son, Robert de Skene, was a strong adherent of 
Robert Bruce, 'and fought at Bannockburn. He re- 
ceived a charter from Bruce in 1318. His grandson, 
Adam, married Janet Keith, a daughter of the Earl 
Mareschal, of Scotland, and was killed at the battle 
of Harlaw, in 141 1. Again at the battle of Flodden, 
Alexander Skene, then head of the family, fell fight- 
ing by the side of King James; and James Skene, 
his direct descendant, was killed at the battle of 
Pinkie, in 1547. His great-grandson, James Skene, 
of Skene, adhered to the cause of Charles I. and hav- 
ing suffered much on account of his loyalty.' went to 
the continent and served in the army of Gustavus 
Adolphus, the Lion of the North. He died before 
the restoration, and his son James, who adhered to 
the covenant, was executed in the Crossmarket of 
Edinburg. The direct succession, however, contin- 
ued, and we find a younger son, Major George 
Skene, a brave officer, who served under the Duke 
of Marlborough in the wars during Queen Anne's 
reign, purchasing in 1720 the estate of Careston. in 
Forfardshire. Another son. younger, was killed in 
the battle of Spain and another at the battle of 
Preston, in 1745. 

Previous to this, we find younger members of the 
family distinguished in literature and law. In 1575 
the Regent Morton commissioned John Skene and 
Sir James Balfour to make a general digest of the 
laws of Scotland. For this work Skene, who per- 
formed the principal labor, was pensioned by the 
parliament. He was appointed to other important 
commissioners and in 15S7 was chosen In- the king 
to proceed to Denmark for the purpose of conclud- 
ing a marriage with the Princess Anne. Sir James 
Melville, speaking of Skene, said. "He culd mak 
lang harangues in Latin, and was a glide, treu. stout 
man. lyk a Dutchman." He was the author of many 
works, mostly historical and legal. Among others 
lie was reoorted to lie the author of a collection of 
popular old Scottish tunes, which is preserved in the 

Advocate's Library. It has since been discovered, 
however, that the collection was the work of his son. 

Tlie work was published in 1838. In the medical 
profession we find Gilbert Skene, professor of med- 
icine in Kings College, ol.l Aberdeen, and subse- 
quently physician to the king, which office he re- 




A. J. C. SKENE, M. D. 



HISTORY OF LONG [SLAND. 



signed in 1794. Another George Skene was pro- 
vost of Aberdeen from 1676 to 1685. He was after- 
ward knighted. Meanwhile the estates of Fintray 
and Rubinslaw, Aberdeenshire, had come into pos- 
session of branches of the family, and from the 
Rubinslaw branch came the accomplished and genial 
friend of Walter Scott, James Skene, who was a 
cornet in the Edinburg Light Horse when Mr. Scott 
was quartermaster. His literary tastes and accom- 
plishments as a draughtsman were of great service 
to Scott, who was indebted to him for many scenes 
and incidents in some of his works. Of the same 
family came also Andrew Skene, who in 1834 suc- 
ceeded Lord Cockburn as solicitor general for Scot- 
land: and thus through the history of nearly nine 
centuries the Skenes have been distinguished in 
Scottish national affairs. It is not surprising, there- 
fore, to learn that one of the name has risen to emi- 
nence in America: and it is a pleasure to know that 
the eminent qualities of a long line of distinguished 
ancestors have blossomed in a marked degree in the 
scion transplanted to the western world. 

Dr. Skene, of this review, was educated in Aber- 
deen, but was more proficient as an athlete and at 
hunting and fishing than in the classics. From his 
childhood he had a keen eye for nature, and not 
only in the love for the picturesque in wood and 
wild, but in the closer survey of natural phenom- 
enon exhibited in the animal life. He would have 
trade an excellent companion to Edwards, the 
Banffshire shoemaker, whose pockets were generally 
filled with every kind of creeping thing. In this 
way zoology was his favorite study: but he early 
gave his attention to the study of medicine, and on 
coming to America in 1857 entered the University of 
Michigan. In 1863 he was graduated with the de- 
gree of M. D. at the Long Island College Hospital. 
Perhaps few of the learned faculty saw in the newly- 
fledged young Scottish doctor of that day the dean 
of the college faculty a quarter of a century later. 
His abilities, however, were immediately recognized, 
and he was appointed assistant to Dr. Austin Flint. 
professor of the institutes and practice of medicine 
and clinical medicine. 

The Civil war was then in the heat of action. 
Grant was tightening his gra~p around Vicksburg, 
while Lee was making his wild raid in Pennsylvania. 
The navy of the loyal north was thundering at the 
gates of Charleston, and the terrible struggl 
to hang in the balance. The young stalwart Scut 
felt the breath of battle stir within him. His sym- 
pathies were with the Union, and he resigned his 
position in the college in 1863 and joined the army. 
He was immediately appointed acting assistant sur- 
geon and served one year at Port Royal and i 
ton harbor, South Carolina, and at Decamp's Hos- 



pital, David's Island. He continued to take much 
interest in military affair-; was assistant surgeon 
of the Twelfth Regiment. Xew York National 
Guards, in iS8_'t surgeon of the First Division the 
following year; and in 1884 was lieutenant colonel 
and surgeon of the Second Division, New York Na- 
tional Guards. AYhile serving in the latter capacity 
as a member of General Edward L. Molineux's staff, 
he suggested and set in operation the ambulance 
corps system, now almost universally adopted by the 
national guards. 

It is. however, in the practice of his profession as 
a physician and as an instructor that his name has 
become endeared to thousands of patients and phy- 
sicians. His quick, yet keen, searching and invari- 
ably correct diagnosis, his exquisite and marvelous 
skill in the handling of instruments peculiar to the 
care of the diseases of which he was a specialist, 
and to the study of which he has given a life-time 
of energy and industry, are alike the admiration and 
envy of the medical fraternity, and have attracted 
the attention of the medical scientists in every land, 
bringing to him a practice that required the contin- 
ued assistance of several medical practitioners, each 
skilled in bis calling and each devoted to the methods 
of the skilled master. 

In 1865, after his return from the army. Dr. 
Skene was again appointed adjunct professor and 
instructor in the Long Island College Hospital, and 
has since been actively engaged in professional la- 
bors in Brooklyn. In 1S66 he was made physician 
and assistant to the chair of obstetrics; instructor 
of clinical obstetrics and diseases of women and 
children in 1867: and was professor of diseases of 
women and children and clinical obstetrics from iS6t> 
to 1899. He was surgeon of the hospital from 1885 
to [899, .lean of the faculty from 1S86 to 1893; pres- 
ident of the college from 1893 to 1899, professor of 
gynecology in the New York Post-Graduate Med- 
ici School from [883 to [886, consulting gynecol- 
ogist to the Kings County Hospital 1893-1000, and 
surgeon to the Skene Hospital for Self Supporting 
Women in 1899-1900. 

The Doctor became a member of the Medical So- 
ciety of the County of Kings in 1815. serving a- its 
president from 1874 to 1876; was a delegate to the 
New York State Medical Society in 1874. 1878, [892, 
and 180;. and was a trustee of the same from 1889 
to 1804. In 1871) he was one of the founder, of the 
American Gynecological Society, was pn 
the New York Obstetrical Society from 18-7 to 
1S79. and of the Brooklyn Gynecological So iet} in 
1801 and 1802: was a corresponding member of the 
British. Boston and Detroit Gynecological Soci- 
eties, and of the societies in Brussels, Leipsic and 
raris. and an honorary fellow of the Edinburg Ob- 



56 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



stetrical Society; was also a member of the New 
York Academy of Medicine, the Brooklyn Patho- 
logical Society, the Physicians' Mutual Aid Associ- 
ation of New York State, and of the Long Island 
College Hospital Alumni Association, of which he 
was president in 1880. 

Dr. Skene's contributions to medical literature 
were continuous and valuable. Besides contributing 
various articles to journals, he is the author of many 
prominent works, including a volume on the Dis- 
eases of the Bladder and Urethra in Women, pub- 
lished in New York, in 1878, and a second edition in 
1887; Treatise on the Diseases of Women, published 
in New York in 18S8. an enlarged edition in 1892 
and a third edition in 1898; Education and Culture 
as Related to the Health and Diseases of Women, 
published in Detroit in 1889; Medical Gynecology, 
published in Detriot in 1889; Medical Gynecology, 
in Surgery, published by D. Appleton & Company. 
New York, in 1889. Some of these have been trans- 
lated in whole or part into nearly every civilized 
tongue and are considered among the most valuable 
works on those subjects. The Doctor was a col- 
laborator of the American Medical Digest from 1882 
to 1889: the Archives of Medicine in 1883 and 1884; 
Journal of Mental Diseases in 1884: New York Jour- 
nal of Gynecology since 1891 ; and was the author 
of over a hundred papers, reports and pamphlets, 
which have been highly prized by the profession. 
His writing has a style which is all his own, and may 
be described in ordinary terms as terse and classical. 

Dr. Skene performed nearly all the important 
operations in his specialties in Brooklyn, and was 
the first to successfully perform lapero-lytrotomy, 
which had been vainly tried one hundred and twenty 
years before. Such true greatness as he possessed 
could not always lie confined by the strictest code of 
medical ethics, and few names are so well and favor- 
ably known in the medical world as that of ''the 
great Dr. Skene." as he is familiarly called. He is 
on intimate terms with nearly all the great special- 
ist- in his line throughout the world. G O. Coro- 
milas, M. 1).. professor of gynecology in Athens 
Greece being among bis close personal friends. In 
1885. in reSDpnse to a widespread demand. Dr. 
Skene established a private sanitarium, which had 
first-class accommodations for about twenty patients, 
and has been patronized by people from all over the 
United States 

The Doctor wai married, June 2. 1868, to Miss 
Annette L. W. Van der Wagen, a daughter of 
Abram Van der Wagen, of Brooklyn, a native of 
Belgium. Dr. Skene was a member of the Masonic 
fraternity, but was never given to club life, bis chief 
delight consisting in enjoying the comforts of his 
own home and extending its hospitality, Besides 



his city residence he had a fine summer home on 
High Mount, in the Catskills, where he passed the 
heated season and where he kept several high-bred 
horses and everything that appealed to his aesthetic 
tastes. 

The Doctor's fine artistic tastes found expression 
in many ways. As a writer of verses he has shown 
a delicacy of thought and a sweetness of expression 
which a closer communion with the muses might 
have deepened and broadened into poetry. What 
little leisure time he had, however, was devoted to 
sculpture, in which he did some excellent work. 
His kindly, social nature, together with his love of 
art. never succeeded, however, in winning him from 
bis innate love of nature, as seen in the green fields 
and woody wilderness. The heart-hunger of his 
youth that led him out from the gray granite walls 
of Aberdeen to the lights and shadows of gleaming 
giades and sombre fir woods always haunted him, 
and his highest enjoyment during his summer holi- 
days was when he sought the seclusion of the Cat- 
skills or Adirondack mountains and took a lonely 
but gleeful saunter by hill and dale. 

It was while enjoying these scenes that, on July 
4. 1900. the community was shocked by the news of 
his sudden death. His demise deprived Brooklyn of 
an excellent citizen and the profession of one of its 
ablest members. He was a man who so completely 
personified the strength, calm, self-poise, firmness, 
clearsightedness, large-heartedness, accurate judg- 
ment, innate refinement and the union of friendly 
sympathy with fraternal authority which distin- 
guishes the best representatives of the medical pro- 
fession that the members of it looked to him as to 
a leader, and those who were the subjects of his ad- 
vice and of his treatment went to him with confi- 
dence, and remembered him with an affection which 
made their tribute bis crown and which will always 
make the memory of him gracious, sweet, helpful 
and strong. 

JUDGE GEORGE GREENWOOD REYNOLDS. 

The Brooklyn bench and bar standard, from a 
purely historical standpoint, includes many notable 
names; but if the factors are sought that have 
given to either the bench or bar their character- 
istics that arc worth recording, to-wit. command- 
ing ability and undeviating purity of professional 
life, a dozen and perhaps a half a dozen names 
would more particularly claim prominence. Among 
the latter — and for reasons that no chronicler is at 
liberty to ignore— -would be included Judge George 
G Reynolds. 

As early as 1844 Mr Reynolds, then a young 
lawyer just admitted to the bar. began practice in 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



this city. It was not, however, until 1S54 that he 
became permanently identified with the Brooklyn 
bar. For a decade of years he divided his practice 
between Ulster county, New York, and Pough- 
keepsie, Dutchess county, this state, principally in 
the latter city, wdiere he became thoroughly matured 
and equipped for his subsequent practice. Upon 
his second location in Brooklyn in 1854 he entered 
into partnership with Richard Ingrabam and Rich- 
ard C. Underhill, and at once took a strong position 
among the members of the bar, and by unswerving 
integrity in his practice and pronounced legal ability 
soon built up a lucrative business. The strong- 
impression he was making upon the court, bar, 
clientele and the public was soon attested by popul ir 
favor. Of scholarly habits, marked legal acumen, 
promising withal the judicial temperament and com- 
manding universal confidence, he was, in 1S61. ele- 
vated to the bench, and he served as judge of the 
city court from 1861 to 1867, and again a second 
term from 187,3 to 1887. As judge his able discus- 
sions abundantly justified the expectations of the 
entire bar. Judge Reynolds' subsequent practice has 
been in continuance of the same straightforward 
and successful course that marked his early career, 
and his name, synonymous with the highest ideals 
of professional life, has become indelibly associated 
with the high character of the Brooklyn bench and 
bar. Among the many prominent cases in which 
the Judge has appeared a recent one of great public 
interest was that of Brooklyn against the Long 
Island . Water Works, to acquire title to the same. 
In 1890 he was appointed by Governor Hill a mem- 
ber of the commission to revise the judiciary article 
of the constitution. 

Judge Reynolds bas aKo received from, and con- 
ferred honors upon, his alma mater, Wesleyan Uni- 
versity, Middletown, Connecticut. Conspicuous 
among the alumni his advice and counsel have con- 
stantly been sought, and he has served as president 
of its board of trustees since 1887. Equally prom- 
inent in the affairs of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, he served as member of the general con- 
ference in 1872, 1876. 1880 and 18S4. Supplementing 
his professional life by wide literary culture, be has 
frequently written articles for prominent magazines, 
and a number of papers on legal subjects for "The 
New People's Cyclopedia." 

Judge Reynolds was born in Amenia, Dutchess 
county, Now York, February 7, 1821, the son of 
George Reynolds and Abagail Pennoyer. lie pre- 
pared for college at Amenia Seminary and entering 
Wesleyan University, Middletown. Connecticut, was 
graduated in 1841, was made a Master of Arts in 
1X44. and Doctor of Laws in 1871 by the same in- 
stitution. His legal studies were pursued in the 



law office of Street & Wilkinson, Poughkeepsie, 
New York, and in that of Hon. John Dikeman, of 
Brooklyn, New York. Since his retirement from 
the bench Judge Reynolds has been engaged in tie- 
practice of law in Brooklyn, in association with his 
son, Frank Reynolds. Personally he bas confined 
himself mostly to litigated business, and has been 
employed extensively as counsel in the trial of cases 
for other lawyers. 

CHARLES J. PATTERSON. 

For several years Charles J. Patterson bas held 
an honorable position in Brooklyn as one of the 
leaders of the local bar. He was born in what is 
now the borough of Manhattan. May 19. [853, and 
received his general education in the public schools. 
He entered the law office of General C. W. Dan- 
ford ami remained there until he was admitted to 
the bar. In 1876 he was admitted to practice at 
Poughkeepsie and soon after settled in Brooklyn, 
where he entered upon the professional career 
which, slowly but steadily, has given him such an 
enviable position in legal circles of this old "city of 
churches." Mr. Patterson has devote. 1 himself 
closely to his professional duties, and while he has 
made many brilliant appearances in court his argu- 
ments have been legal ones, pure and simple: and 
probably a case presenting sensational rather than 
purely legal features would be repugnant to him. 
He is regarded especially as an authority on the 
subject of torts, ami many of his best earned vic- 
tories have been in connection with suits in which 
wrongs have been redressed by substantial damages. 

DITMAS JEWELL. 

Among the earnest men whose depth of charac- 
ter and strict adherence to principle excite the ad- 
miration of his contemporaries Mr. Jewell is promi- 
n< 111 Hanking institutions are the heart of the com- 
mercial body, indicating the healthfulness of trade, 
and the bank that follows a safe, conservative busi- 
ness policy does more to establish public confidence 
in times of widespread financial depression than any- 
thing else. Such a course has the Twenty-sixth 
Ward Hank followed under the able management of 
its president, the subject of this sketch. 

For forty-three years he has been one of the 
most active business men in this section of Brook- 
lyn and has labored greatly for the advancement 
and progress of the city, yet always in a quiet and 
unostentatious way. Mr. Jewell is one of the native 
sons of the Empire state, bis birth having occurred 
in Fishkill, Dutchess county, in [822. The district 



5* 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



privileges and when fourteen years of age he left 
the parental roof to earn his own livelihood, work- 
ing on his uncle's farm at Flatbush. He was thus 
engaged for six years, and at the age of twenty he 
became an apprentice to the carpenter's trade. He 
served for a term of three years, and on the expira- 
tion of that period sought employment as a jour- 
neyman, in which capacity he devoted his energies 
to the building interests of this section of Long 
Island until he was about thirty years of age. He 
then rented a farm and carried on agricultural pur- 
suits until 1857, when he abandoned the plow in 
order to embrace an opportunity to engage in mer- 
cantile pursuits. He began dealing in flour. He en- 
tered into partnership with Gilbert H. Bergen, the 
enterprise being conducted under the firm name of 
Bergen & Jewell. On the expiration of four, years 
this partnership was dissolved by the death of Mr. 
Bergen, and the firm of Bergen & Jewell was suc- 
ceeded by that of Jewell & Yoorhees and subse- 
quently by Jewell & Son. In 18S9 the senior mem- 
ber of the firm retired from the active management 
of the enterprise and since that date the business has 
been conducted by John V. Jewell, the junior part- 
ner. 

In the fall of 1888 the first steps were taken to- 
ward the formation of a bank of deposit for the 
Twenty-sixth ward of Brooklyn, and on the 25th of 
March, 1889, the necessary preliminaries having been 
arranged and all legal regulations complied with, 
the Twenty-sixth Ward Bank opened its books for 
business at No. 2509 Atlantic avenue. On its or- 
ganization Mr. Jewell was elected president and has 
held that position continuously since. Under his ad- 
ministration and that of his associates the business 
increased so rapidly as to demand the erection of a 
much larger building, and accordingly, on the 7th of 
July, 1891, the corner-stone of the imposing struc- 
ture on Atlantic and Georgia avenues was laid, after 
which the work of building was vigorously prose- 
cuted until the handsome bank building was com- 
pleted and occupied, Mr. Jewell is also interested 
in the Nassau Trust Company, of which he is a 
trustee. 

On the -Mtli of May, 1849, he was united in mar- 
riage to Joanna K. Voorhees, and unto them were 
born two children: John V., who was born Sep- 
tember 21, 1X50, was married September 20, 1S71. to 
Jennie E. Can. .11. who died leaving two children, 
Crare Elmer, born December 6, [873, and Alice C. 
born November 8, [877. Mary Caroline, born Oc- 
tober jr. [853, was married November 24. 1S7.5. to 
Charles E, North, now deceased. Their children 
are: Josie J, who wa born September 26, 1876; 
Arthur J., born Augusl 13, 1885; Waller E., born 
July 15. 1888; liar.. Id V., born August 25, 1800; 



and Helen, born May 7, 1894. Mr. North died April 
21. 1897. 

Mr. Jewell has long been recognized as one of 
Brooklyn's most prominent citizens. He is very 
prominent and active in church work, doing what he 
can to promote its advancement. In manner he is 
courteous and pleasant, winning friends by his 
genial disposition and honorable character, which 
commands the respect of all. He is public-spirited 
in an eminent degree and through forty-two years 
has given his support to whatever is calculated to 
promote the general welfare. In all the relations of 
life he has ever been faithful and true, and in his 
life work, eventful and varied as it has been, no 
shadow of wrong or suspicion of evil-doing darkens 
his honorable pathway. 

WIXCHESTER BRITTON. 

Mr. Britton was born in North Adams, Berk- 
shire county, Massachusetts, April 9, 1826. His pa- 
ternal and maternal grandparents were hardy, intel- 
ligent New England farmers, of pure English de- 
scent. His mother's maiden name was Harrington; 
her grandfather was a native of Rhode Island, wdio 
very early in life removed to the town of Adams, 
where he became the proprietor of the land upon 
which more than one-half of what is now the vil- 
lage of North Adams is located. 

The paternal grandfather of Mr. Britton was a 
native of New Hampshire and settled in Adams 
when Mr. Britton's father was yet a young matii 
The marriage of his parents occurred at that place. 
His mother died at the early age of eighteen, when 
Winchester was an infant. Before her death she 
gave him to her father and mother, with whom he 
lived on their farm until he was ten years of age. 
His father, having removed to Troy. New York, 
took his boy t.i his home in that city. One of Mr. 
Britton's early recollections is that of accompanying 
his grandfather to the tavern in the then small vil- 
lage of North Adams, and there reading the presi- 
.1. 111's message. As he read with exceeding ease and 
fluency, greatly to the satisfaction of his hearers, the 
guests and others at the hotel, it is certain that his 
education had not been neglected, and that he 
possessed much intelligence. His remarkably bril- 
liant black eyes and his hair, which was as black as 
his eyes, always attracted attention, while strong 
and active physical powers gave abundant promise 
of \ igi .roiis manhood. 

Not long after his removal to Troy he com- 
menced preparing for college at the Clinton Liberal 
Institute, at Clinton, New York, completing his 
preparatory curse at the Troy Conference Acad- 
emy, at Poultney, Vermont. In the autumn of 1847 



HISTORY OF LOXG ISLAND. 



59 



he entered the sophomore class (third term) at 
Union College. While in college he was entered as 
a law student in the office of John Van Buren, then 
attorney general of the state, where he remained 
about one year, during which time his collegiate 
studies were suspended on account of failing health. 
His career as a student under Mr. Van Buren was 
not so confining and enervating as it was in col- 
lege, admitting of greater relaxation. His health 
becoming restored, he re-entered college, where he 
continued until he graduated. His "chum" after 
returning to college and until he graduated was 
Chester A. Arthur, then a member of the junior 
class, in whose easy-going habits and at that time 
somewhat indolent character the recognition of a 
future president of the United States would have 
seemed the wildest dream. Young Britton for a 
considerable time was at the head of his class, but, 
undertaking to pursue both his legal and collegiate 
studies, he divided his time between Union Col- 
lege and the celebrated Law School at Cherry Val- 
ley. This close application to his studies caused a 
second failure of his health, compelling him to 
abandon them. About this time the discovery of 
gold in California created intense excitement 
throughout the nation. Young Britton. inspired by 
the hope of regaining his health by travel, deter- 
mined to visit the new El Dorado. Accordingly, in 
December, 1848, he embarked at Xew York on the 
Crescent City, bound for Chagres. The Crescent 
City was the first steamer that left New York for 
California. 

He remained six weeks on the isthmus and th mi 
sailed from Panama for San Francisco in the sail- 
ing vessel Philadelphia. While on the isthmus the 
cholera broke out with much fatality, but, happily, 
young Britton, though constantly exposed to its 
ravages, escaped its attack. 

After a voyage of eighty-seven days the Phila- 
delphia made the port of San Francisco in safety, 
and the young man found himself in the land of 
gold, where many adventurous men soon found 
themselves in a short space of time transferred from 
poverty to wealth. Imbued with the spirit of ad- 
venture and enterprise, Britton sought the mining 
regions with success. After a few months he ac- 
quired interests in San Francisco, and his time was 
divided between that city and the mines,' and he 
was rewarded by the acquisition of a very hand- 
some fortune. But before he had much time I n- 

gratulate himself upon his good fortune, he learned 
by sad experience that riches often take wings and 
fly away, for in one night his fortune was all swept 
away by the memorable rire that nearly di troyi I 
the city of San Francisco. Yielding to an ardent 
desire which had taken possession of him, he de- 



termined to return to his home. Accordingly, in 
August. 1851, he sailed from San Francisco home- 
ward. On his passage to Panama he again en- 
countered the cholera, under many dangerous cir- 
cumstances. During the seven days' voyage from 
Acapulco to Panama one hundred and fifty-one, or 
nearly one-third, of his fellow passengers died of 
the terrible disease; but he reached his home in 
safety, where he continued until the October of the 
following year, when he returned to San Francisco 
and engaged in business. It was during his sojourn 
at home that he made the acquaintance of the es- 
timable and accomplished young lady who subse- 
quently, in March. 1853, became his wife. She was 
the daughter of William W. Parker. Esq., of Al- 
bany. On his return to California he took a deep 
interest in politics, receiving the nomination for 
member of the legislature of the new state, l lUt w; - 
defeated in the canvass, lie was, however, soon 
afterward elected a member of the common council 
of San Francisco, and supervisor of San Francisco 
county. While alderman he took an active part 
among other things in measures for the supply of 
water and gas to the growing city. While dis- 
charging his official duties an incident occurred 
deeply interesting to him and to the public, one 
which he will never forget. 

Under the peculiar customs of California at that 
period to be a public man. 111 any sense, united 
personal collisions. The bitter antagonism existing 
between John Cotter, then an alderman of San 
Francisco, and John Nugent, editor of the "San 
Francisco Herald," resulted in one of the mist 
celebrated duels in the history of California. .Mr. 
Britton, an excellent shot, was a friend and sec- 
ond of ("Miter. In the contest Nugent was very 
severely wounded and removed from the field, but 
Cotter was unharmed. Since the duel, though as 
we have said Mr. Britton was skillful in the use 
of the pistol, he has seldom, if ever, taken one 111 
his hand. 

( In January I, 1853, in accordance with a promise 
made to his affianced, he bade a final farewell to the 
Pacific slope, and with a large experience, with 
health restored, he returned to his native land, com- 
pleted his classical studies, received bis college di 
gree and returned to his legal studies. 

Such was the diligence, industry and siieees, 
with which he pursued them that, after the lapse 
of six months, he was called to the bar. and he im- 
mediately removed to the city of Xew York, where, 
without an acquaintance, he began his legal career. 
His married life, which, as we have seen, com- 
menced in March, 1853, was an cxcccdmgh happy 
one, but it terminated in 1854 by the death of In- 



HIST' iRY ( )F Li ING ISLAND. 



excessively severe domestic blow. She died in 
Brooklyn, at the early age of nineteen, leaving an 
infant son, who survived her but a few months. 
For a time Mr. Britton was heart-stricken and felt 
himself alone in the world. But time, which as- 
suages sorrow, his indomitable energy and never- 
failing courage and professional ambition supported 
him, enabling him to overcome all obstacles and to 
attain signal success. As an illustration of the ob- 
stacles which Mr. Britton overcame in his way to 
success, it may be remarked that his receipts from 
his first year's practice in the city of New York 
were exactly seventy-five dollars. Not at all dis- 
couraged by this meager return from his profes- 
sion, he took an appeal to time, and with each suc- 
ceeding year his income increased until it was ex- 
ceeded by few in the profession. 

In December, 1855, Ins second marriage took 
place; the lady of his choice was Miss Caroline A 
Parker, a sister of his former wife, a lady possess- 
ing all the accomplishments and all the attributes 
which constitute an affectionate and agreeable wife, 
a tender and hiving mother, capable of presiding 
with graceful dignity over the home (if such a man 
as Winchester Britton, which we may say without 
affectation was one of the happiest of homes. Eight 
sons and three daughters, all of whom are living, 
are the fruits of this happy union. 

In 1870 Mr. Britton transferred his legal busi- 
ness p. Brooklyn, where he had resided since 1853. 
Ills professional reputation had now become so ex- 
tended that be at once entered, in his new field 
of labor, upon an unusually large and remunerative 
practice, not only in the courts of the city of New 
York; in Brooklyn, in the surrounding counties, but 
also in the stale courts and in the court of appeals. 
ll<- li.ul been in practice in Brooklyn but one year 
when he .was elected district attorney for the county 
of Kings, lie entered upon his official duties in 
January, [872, discharging them with singular ac- 
ceptability until within about eleven months before 
the expiration of Ins official term, when charges, 
originating 111 the high political excitement that pre- 
vailed, were made against him, resulting in his re- 
moval from office by Governor Di\, So little foun- 
dation was there for the charge? against Mr. Brit- 
ton. so devoid were thej of merit, that the very 
next fall after bis removal he was re elected to the 
same office by .1 majoritj more than double that by 

Which he was first elected. 

The office of district attorney imposed great 
re poll iibility and labor upon Mi Bi il t< in Lnough 
1 1 11111n.il law practice was not exact K uiited ti 1 his 



exercise of his well-disciplined mental energies, — 
his power of collecting, combining and amplifying. 
It gives scope to his critical knowledge of statute 
law and the subtle rules of evidence." It was his 
fortune during his term of office to be called upon 
to conduct many exciting criminal cases, among 
which was the celebrated case of the People versus 
Rubenstein, tried at Brooklyn in January and Feb- 
ruary of 1876. Rubenstein had been indicted for one 
of the most mysterious and atrocious murders known 
in legal history. The evidence against him was 
purely circumstantial, and many of these circum- 
stances were remote and disconnected, and the whole 
crime was enshrouded in such mystery that the 
work of convicting the alleged perpetrator, who was 
defended by that powerful legal gladiator, William 
A. Beach, was an herculean task, but with consurn 
mate skill and great energy Mr. Britton seized upon 
these circumstances, blended them together, and they 
each tended to throw light upon and to prove the 
other, reaching a conclusion that overthrew the 
ingenious hypothesis upon which a great lawyer 
founded a formidable defense, resulting in the con- 
viction of the prisoner. 

No one can read the admirable and touchingly 
eloquent address to the jury for the defense in the 
case without the highest admiration. None can read 
the closing argument of Mr. Britton to the jury 
without equal admiration. It may be summed up 
in a few words : it was exhaustive, it was learned, 
it was eloquent, it was convincing. It left no doubt 
m the minds of the jury, the spectators or the bar 
that Rubenstein was guilty of one of the most cruel 
murders on record ; his conviction was therefore 
swift and certain. 

Sj?ace will not permit us to give a detailed ac- 
count of the many criminal trials which Mr. Brit- 
ton conducted for the people, but they all tended 
largely to enhance his fame and to place him in the 
front ranks of living advocates. 

Among his civil triumphs at the bar was the 
case of Edgerton versus Page. — a leading case in 
the court of appeals and among the first there argued 
by him. This case established the doctrine of con- 
structive eviction of a tenant by a landlord, with the 
qualification that 110 such eviction could exist unless 
the tenant actually left before the expiration of his 
term, qualifying in this respect the case of Dyett 
versus Pendleton. John Graham, then in the height 
of lus fame as a lawyer, was bis opponent. Taking 
the whole history of this ease, its result was a tri- 
umph for Mr. Britton of which any lawyer in the 
nation might well be proud. 

Up to the time of his death. Februarj 1,;. (886, 

he was in the active practice of l„s profession, in 



HISTORY ( IF L( >NG ISLAND. 



01 



the plenitude of professional success. There are 
very few, if any, important cases in Kings county 
in Which he was not engaged. 

In the prolonged contest resulting in the defeat 

of the project known as the Bond Elevated Railroad, 
he was prominent, and it is not a little remarkable 
that the ultimate decision of the supreme court was 
placed upon the precise ground described in Mr. 
Britton's brief. Among his last important argu- 
ments in the court of appeals was that made against 
George F. Comstock in the case of Crooke versus 
the County of Kings, on the part of the defendant 
and respondent. This case was a contest on behalf 
of the heirs of the wife of the late General Philip 
S. Crooke to establish their title to real estate of 
great value. Among other questions, it involved 
the wills of Mrs. Catlin, the mother of Mrs. 
Crooke, and of Mrs. Crooke," and the validity and 
proper execution of certain powers and trusts therein 
contained, and required a construction of the statute 
of the powers and trusts of this state which had 
been before the court of appeals, and necessarily be- 
came a leading case upon those subjects. 

From the foregoing it will be seen that Mr. 
Britton was a man of untiring energy. Many of 
his compeers at the liar give to their profession 
divided allegiance; many make it second to the at- 
tractive but more ephemeral contests of the po- 
litical arena, but Mr. Britton had an utter distaste 
for those practices and associations which are so 
necessary for a politician, and his abnegation of 
politics, except in the exercise of rational political 
convictions, is thorough and complete, and there- 
fore his success as a lawyer was the reward of a 
constant and thorough mental elaboration and study. 
It was proverbial among his neighbors that none 
of them got home so late at night as not to see the 
lights burning in his well-stocked library. 

He was positive in his convictions, rested con- 
fidently upon them, and was not specially reserved 
in expressing his opinion concerning them. He was 
always sincere and in earnest, disliked hypocrisy, 
and was destitute of those platitdues which enables 
one to agree with everybody. Therefore he was not 
what may be called a popular man with the masses, 
nor was he convivial in his tastes. With his chosen 
friends he was social, genial and approachable. He 
was especially a domestic man, and his home to 
him was an empire of happiness and pleasure, and 
he was best appreciated when seen in his family, 
among his children, to whom he was most tenderly 
attached and to whose success in life his sole am- 
bition was directed. 

On the morning of February I.!. 1SS0, when in 
his library and about to leave his home for his 



Passing into his bed-room, he threw himself upon 

his bed and in less than three minutes he ha 1 
breathed his last, to the indescribable shock of his 
wife and eldest daughter, who were with him, and 
to his law associate, Sumner Howe Ely, who had 
remained in the library waiting his return. The 
years of strain put upon his physical organism 
throughout his busy life finally caused a stoppage 
of the action of the heart. 

On the occasion of his death the courts of Kings 
county were adjourned as a mark of respect, and a 
memorial meeting was held of the Bar Association 
of Kings county, at which the following resolution 
was .1 lopted : 

"The life of Winchester Britton was at the bar, 
and it was as a lawyer that he was known. His 
associates in that profession in Kings county, where 
be lived and largely practiced, deem it fit that they 
should state their appreciation of and regard for 
him, and their recognition of the loss which they 
have sustained by his death in a public manner and 
permanent form. With Mr. Britton the law was 
not a mere trade or vocation ; it was a learned and 
honorable profession. He considered it a duty not 
only to master the principles of the law, as they 
had been understood, but to keep his knowledge 
abreast of the latest application of those principles, 
to the multiform exigencies growing out of the 
developing need- ami business of his time. To that 
task he brought an acute and active intellect, an 
ability for work, persistent industry and a logical 
capacity and power of severe analysis which placed 
him. in the judgment of his associates, in the mind 
of the court and in the appreciation of the public 
in the very front of his profession. To that equip- 
ment he added a power of advocacy and of con- 
vincing and eloquent statement that made his gifts 
felt in all forensic contests. He was a man of 
courage and determination, and to those qualities 
he added courtesy as a gentleman and a lawyer. He 
will be mourned by his associates as a lawyer and 
as a true and honorable friend, whose kindly man- 
ner and frank and generous courtesy had endeared 
him to all who had become intimate with him. The 
bar of Kings county tender to his afflicted family 
their condolence and "sympathy, and they request 
the courts of this county to have this testimonial 
entered upon their minutes." 

The address of Supreme Court Justice Calvin E. 
Pratt was as follows: 

"Mr. Chairman and Brethren of the Bar: I 
feel I speak the sentiment of every man present on 
this occasion when I say we have not yet recovered 
from the shock caused by the announcement of the 



62 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



death of Brother Britton. The blow was so sudden 
and unexpected, the victim a man of such physical 
vigor, of such prominence in our profe 
so closely allied to us all by the tie 
fraternity that the mind is dazed and language 
falter, upon the lip. It is a duty we owe to our- 
selves when such a man dies to halt in our hurried 
march and testify to his merit- as a lawyer and 
character as a man. What place so appropriate as 
this, where he made hi- greatest effort and where 
the most signal victories of his life were won, to 
fill the cup of honor to his memory. If I could 
do otherwise, which haply I cannot, the partialities 
of an uninterrupted friendship of twenty-seven years 
would only permit me to speak of the merits of our 
deceased brother a- I observed them through that 
busy period. Before speaking of my knowledge of 
him as a lawyer. I ought to allude to certain qual- 
ities which he possessed in an eminent degree, with- 
out which no man can be a great lawyer. He had 

a g 1 constitution, as is popularly said, robust 

health, abstemious habits, a strong, vigorous body, 
capable of incredible labor and endurance, and the 
nervous energy of a trained athlete. Combined with 
these he had natural and acquired industry that was 
phenomenal, and a zeal and ambition for eminence 
in his profession that never abated. Born and 
brought up m the country where men earn an honest 
living by labor, he early learned the lesson of self- 
reliance while his heart was filled with human sym- 
pathy. Added to these qualities was the effect of 
a thorough classical education and an extensive ex- 
perience with men and affairs. Upon a mind nat- 
urally active, acute, tireless and discriminating, and, 
above all, honest — such was the foundation upon 
which his character as a lawyer was built. As a 
lawyer he was profoundly learned. No man came 
to the trial of a cause better prepared at every point 
, or presented his case with more zeal or 
learning. In equity, commercial, criminal and con- 
stitutional law he was equally skillful and success- 
ful. His points and briefs were models of terse, 
incisive language and clear reasoning and his oral 
arguments such as to challenge the attention of all 
in the court room, and much easier to overrule than 
to hi wer. As an advocate he had the power to 
grasp a case and hold it in view from the opening 
to i1m 'iid. Mi- power to distinguish errors and his 
aii.ilv i- of testimonj were only equaled by his power 
to combine all the facts of a ease in a harmonious 
chain of logic from beginning to end. J lis style 
w .1 i ha tc and dii ect, and i i t rue eli iquem i i 
in the power to convince he was an orator of high 
degrei fo sum up in a word, whatever we maj say 



of the splendid abilities of some of our brethren in 
particular branches of the profession, I think it will 
be conceded that Winchester Britton, in the variety 
of the cases in which he was employed, the learning 
and ability he displayed at all times, and the suc- 
cess he achieved, he was as eminent as any man 
who has practiced at this bar within our recollec- 
tion. It is not, however, as a lawyer or advocate 
that his example is most to be prized, but his service 
in the profession to others and his qualities as a 
man. He lived devoted to his profession and his 
legal brethren. While his mind and disposition 
were in the highest degree combative — which led him 
in a legal contest to neither give nor ask quarter — 
yet when the contest was over the hand of friend- 
ship was never refused or the animosities of con- 
flict remembered. The stores of his learning were 
ever open to his younger brethren and he never 
turned a deaf ear to one who called upon him in 
distress. Of him it may be truly said 'Friendship 
made no demands he found too exacting.' I regard 
it a high compliment to his character that he was 
not successful in politics. He was too bold, frank 
and outspoken to submit patiently to any defeat, 
but at all times, under all circumstances, maintained 
undaunted his own self-respect. While he was 
justly entitled to the highest honors of his pro- 
fession and was fitted for the most responsible pub- 
lic station, he was better fitted to illustrate the 
dignity and purity of private life. His hopes, his 
ambition, his duty were all centered in his family. 
A kind and indulgent father, a loving and faithful 
husband, he filled the measure of his duty in every 
relation in life. Duty was the pole star of his ex- 
istence. He died as he would have wished, not 
from a lingering disease, but like a true knight, 
with his armor on and in the arena of battle, in 
undiminished vigor of body and without a ray of 
his intellect dimmed. Death had no terrors for 
Brother Britton. He believed that the grave was 
but the black portal opening to a better world. The. 
career of a good citizen, an able lawyer, a wise 
counsellor, a steadfast friend, a kind father and a 
faithful husband is ended. May his surviving 
brethren each lead a life as pure and leave a fame 
as bright." 

General B. F. Tracy followed with an eloquent 
eulogy. "It was my good fortune," he said, "to 
have known Mr. Britton for twenty years, and I can 
truthfully say that the better one knew him the 
better one esteemed him. He was a generous, true 
and faithful friend, open in speech, who never pro- 
fessed wdiat he did not feel. As a keen, untiring, 
discriminating lawyer few surpassed him, — none in 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



this county. As a public official he was faithful and 
honest. I was engaged to conduct his case before 
Governor Dix, and now, standing here by his open 
grave, I 1 declare that that prosecution was unjust 
and a grievous wrong — a wrong which the people 
afterward resented by re-electing him to his office." 

After a warm tribute to the memory of tin- de- 
ceased as a husband and father. General Tracy 
closed with the words: "Beside his many virtues, 
how insignificant his faults." 

Ex-Surrogate Dailey was glad to see that nearly 
every county in the state was represented on tint 
occasion. The news of Mr. Britton's death fell on 
the bar of Kings county like a pall. lie remembered 
Mr. Britton for many years, when he was the asso- 
ciate of Mr. Jenks, and always to know him was 
to love and respect him. Merit in time brought its 
reward, continued the speaker, talent was sure to 
be appreciated, our sins were sure to find us out 
and our virtues to become known. Mr. Britton's 
stormy life left little but pleasant memories, and one 
could but admire the man who stood up against so 
many oppositions. He was one of the clearest 
thinkers of the bar, wdio are one by one being sum- 
moned from the great beyond. "I hope," said the 
speaker, in conclusion, "when we are called to that 
higher court, we shall leave behind us that respect 
with which we part with our deceased brother." 

Mr. Freeman, a fellow collegian of Mr. Britton, 
who had known him nearly forty years, corroborated 
the previous speakers, adding that from his youth 
he had always found him a noble, true and generous 
man. 

Ex-Judge Samuel D. Morris referred with pa- 
thetic regret to a difference between the decease. 1 
and himself which existed for some time, 1ml was 
afterward happily adjusted. The cloud soon passed 
away and now the man had passed away — peace be 
to his ashes. 

Chief Judge Reynolds: "These sad occasions are 
occurring with alarming frequency. It seems but 
yesterday we were called here on a similar oc- 
casion, and then it seemed to me to be but a day 
removed since we were here before: and now Win- 
chester Britton is called away without a note of 
warning. I see about me very few of the men who 
belonged to the bar twenty-five or thirty years ago " 

His Honor pointed out the merits and good 
qualities of Mr. Britton as a lawyer and as a man, 
and was followed in this connection by Mr. Shoudie, 
ex-Corporation Counsel John A. Taylor, Robert 
Benedict and E. B. Barnum. 

Ex-Judge Gilbert was called upon and spoke 
briefly but feelingly of his long acquaintance with 
Mr. Britton and the shock the news of his death 



had been to him: and closed the proceedings with 
some references to his career ami the promise there 
had seemed to be ahead id" him. 

COLONEL EDWARD EARL BRITTON. 

When Governor Theodore Roosevelt appointed 
Colonel Edward E. Britton to be assistant adjutant 
general of the Second Brigade, chief of Brevet 
Major General James McLeer's staff, it was con- 
sidered one of the most popular appointments made 
by that chief executive of this state. The office is 
one of prominence in the New York National Guard 
and all who are acquainted with Colonel Britton 
and his familiarity with the affairs of the Second 
Brigade were satisfied that his extensive military 
experience thoroughly fitted him for this position. 

Colonel Britton is personally one of the most 
popular men in Brooklyn, where he was born in 
1859. He is a son of Winchester Britton, for two 
terms district attorney of Kings county. His an- 
cestors on both sides settled in New England early 
in the seventeenth century. Several were promi- 
nent in the councils and wars of the colonies and 
during Revolutionary times his great-great-grand- 
father represented New Hampshire in the continental 
congress. He received part' of his early education 
in Germany and France, and his first business train- 
ing with William R. Grace & Company, of New 
York. In 1882 he engaged in electric-lighting en- 
terprises and contracted for the present light plant 
on the bridge and also operated the first trolley 
line in Kings county between Brooklyn and Jamaica. 
He resided in Montreal. Canada, for a year, estab- 
lishing electric-lighting machinery, and also went to 
Europe on the business. Later he was occupied 
in government financiering and public-works con- 
tracting in South America, and represented the re- 
public of Colombia as commissioner to the Chicago 
World's Fair. He has been for some years past 
president of the Eagle Savings and Loan Company 
of Brooklyn, which he founded. 

Colonel Britton's first military experience was as 
captain of a company of boys, which he organized 
and drilled in 1S70. at the age of eleven years. He- 
began to collect his military library in 1869 and 
commenced his practical training in 1874. when a 
student at Union College, Schenectady, New York, 
under Captain Thomas Ward, of the United States 
army, now assistant adjutant general in the war de- 
partment. He served in the ranks and as sergeant 
in the Twenty-third Regiment of Brooklyn for 
seven years, until 1887. In his voyages to the 
tropics he visited the West Indies and Central 
America, and penetrated by river travel along the 



64 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



ridges of the Andes and through swamp'? in a dug- 
out over a thousand miles, from the north coast to 
the interior under the equator, often in the company 
• of government troops, On his return he witnessed 
the closing scenes of a revolution which overturned 
the Venezuelan government and was under fire at 
Puerto Cabello and La Guaira. Early in 1898 Col- 
onel Britton laid his plans to lead a volunteer regi- 
ment into the field in case of war with Spain. Al- 
though at the time assistant adjutant general of the 
state, detailed to Governor Black's staff as aide de 
camp, he found no opportunity to go out on the 
first call with a command, to which his experience 
in the tropics could be made useful, but was active 
in equipping the "first-call" troops. 

He was appointed to command the One Hundred 
and Fourteenth Regiment, which he organized from 
raw material and equipped in sixty days. Notwith- 
standing many efforts, including a visit to North 
Carolina and Alabama, to effect a combination with 
the authorities of these states, the war closed before 
the regiment could get to the front. Colonel Brit- 
ton then interested himself by corresponding with 
state authorities, newspapers and members of con- 
gress throughout the country and by the distribution 
of his own publications, in agitation for the reform 
of the obsolete militia laws of 1792 and the reor- 
ganization, on the basis of uniformity in all states, 
of the militia forces, and was awarded in 1900 the 
gold medal of the Military Service Institute of the 
United States for the prize essay on that subject, 
which was presented to him by Major General Nel- 
son A. Miles, commanding the United States army, 
before an assemblage of the Twenty-third Regiment 
and friends al its armory. 

Colonel Britton possesses a letter from President 
McKinley, congratulating him on the patriotic posi- 
tion be bad taken, and has received many marks of 
confidence from President Roosevelt, Senators Piatt 
and Depew, officials of the war and navy depart- 
ments and many members of both houses of con- 
gress from other states. He has an extended ac- 
quaintance in business, social and political circles. 
ll<- was officially thanked by the Interstate National 
Guard Association, which represents one hundred 
and fort} thousand guardsmen, for Ins services to 
the guard. Me ua strongly urged for the nomina- 
tion for congress from the third district, in which 
lie lias resided for the past twelve years, so that 
if elected lie could carry out the work he had un- 
dertaken in connection with militia reorganization, 
but the nominating convention was controlled by 
those who were more interested m practical politics. 

Although (ol,,„el Britten's career has brought 
hnn into contact with the public men and affairs of 



this and other countries, he has confined his con- 
nection with party matters to his own ward, which 
he has represented in the Kings County Republican 
general committee and in state and other con- 
ventions. 

He is a member of the Brooklyn Club, Union 
League Club, Twelfth Assembly District Republican 
Club, Logan Club, the Sons of the Revolution, Sons 
of the American Revolution, Society of Colonial 
Wars, Order of the Descendants of Colonial Gov- 
ernors, Order of the Founders and Patriots of 
American and Colonial Order of the Acorn. At 
Union College he was a member of the Delta Phi 
fraternity. 

JUDGE SAMUEL D. MORRIS. 

Samuel D. Morris, lawyer, legislator and jurist, 
who for the past half-cenutry has been identified 
with most of the prominent movements in the his- 
tory of Brooklyn, is a native of Monmouth county, 
New Jersey, where he was reared to farm life. 
Working early and' late, he received in his boyhood 
but the merest vestige of school advantages. At 
the age of twenty-one years, ambitious to rise, he pre- 
pared himself for college through his own efforts. 
entered the sophomore class at Rutgers College 
and was graduated there in 1S49. He then attended 
the Law School at Balston Spa, New York, where he- 
won high honors as a debater. It is related of him 
that while at this institution he was successful in 
inducing Henry Clay to deliver an address before 
the students, the occasion also being marked by a 
mock trial gotten up by the students for the en- 
tertainment of the great statesman, who was not only 
highly pleased with the conduct of the trial but pre- 
dicted a brilliant future for the participants. 

Admitted to the bar at Plattsburg. New York, 
July 3. 1850, Mr. Morris located in Brooklyn in the 
spring following to enter upon the practice of his 
profession. The next year was that of the presi- 
dential election, and Franklin Pierce, having been 
nominated for the high office, young Morris, an 
ardent Democrat, entered heart and soul into the 
campaign. Fresh from his studies, with keen, quick 
grasp upon the principles he advocated, his brilliant 
oratorical powers and his able discussion of 'he 
questions at issue made a marked impression during 
the campaign, ami brought the young lawyer and 
orator into favorable consideration. As a result, 
in [853, the year following the election, he received 
the Democratic nomination for the assembly and 
was elected. It was in the exciting days when 
Horatio Seymour was governor of the state, and 
when a strong individual conviction sometimes 




Jy w Mwj 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



counted for more than the snap of the party whip. 
Among the important bills that came before the 
assembly was the "Maine Law" bill, upon which 
a committee of nine members was appointed to re- 
port, and as one of this committee Mr. Morris had 
the unique experience of standing alone in opposi- 
tion to the measure. He brought in a minority 
report of protest. Although the bill was passed, 
it was promptly vetoed by Governor Seymour, who 
in his veto message used substantially the argument 
employed by Mr. Morris in his minority report. 
Among other bills in which Mr. Morris was in- 
terested during his term in the legislature was the 
charter consolidating Brooklyn. Williamsburg and 
Bushwick, in the passage of which he was instru- 
mental and effective. Soon after the adjournment 
of the legislature Mr. Morris was appointed as- 
sistant corporation counsel of the city of Brooklyn, 
a position which he held until his voluntary resigna- 
tion in May. 1S55. In the legislature of this year 
the "Maine Law" was again passed and promptly 
signed by Myron H. Clark, who had been elected 
governor upon a temperance platform. Called upon 
in the course of his duties to enforce this law, Mr. 
Morris, rather than aid in the enforcement of what 
seemed to him an unjust law, resigned his office as 
assistant corporation counsel, and at once contested 
the constitutionality of the law. This contest, in the 
celebrated Toynbee case, he carried to the court of 
appeals, where his contention was sustained, and 
the law was declared unconstitutional. 

In the fall of the same year (1855) Mr. Morris 
was elected judge of the county court and served 
a term of four years, but declined a renomination in 
order to become a candidate for the district attorney- 
ship. Discovering that improper means were being 
used to defeat him in the nominating convention, he 
withdrew his name and became a candidate of an 
independent ticket, which so divided the party vote 
that the election of the Republican candidate, John 
Winslow, resulted. At the ensuing election the 
Democratic nomination for the district attorney- 
ship was offered to Mr. Morris, which he accepted, 
and he was elected. He was re-elected to office in 
1865 and again in 1868. Early in his first term he 
took up the prosecution of Rayzky, the murderer of 
Sigismund Fellner. The crime had been committed 
before Mr. Morris entered upon his duties, and the 
accused was held only on suspicion. Ratzky was 
defended by Edwin James, Engler Allen and Sidney 
Stewart, but so skillfully did Mr. Morris conduct 
his case that he secured conviction for murder in 
the first degree. He also prosecuted Gonzales and 
Pellisier (or Salvadoe, as he was sometimes called) 
for the murder of the wealthy Cuban, Gosha Otero. 



and they were convicted and executed. During his 
second term occurred an incident unparalleled in the 
annals of the district attorneyship. A cholera epi- 
demic broke out with unprecedented virulence, and 
the inmates of the jail and penitentiary of Brook- 
lyn suffered from its most violent form. More than 
eight hundred cases were reported, and the fatalities 
numbered more than five hundred, nearly thirty 
persons dying in a single night. Mr. Morris pro- 
cured tents and had the prisoners removed to the 
open air. It was midsummer, and, the judges being 
absent from the courts, he assumed a power which 
ilid not belong to his office and demanded of the 
sheriff the discharge of all prisoners who were con- 
fined for minor offences. He went through the in- 
stitution carefully, and the records show that he 
made a list of one hundred and four persons who- 
were released upon his order. For this act he was 
widely criticised by the profession, but he was amply 
vindicated by the results, and he was subsequently 
complimented by Governor Fenton for the course 
he had taken. 

Mr. Morris retired from office December 31, 
1872. and has since devoted his attention to the 
practice of his profession in the trials of criminal 
and civil causes. As a lawyer he is versed in every 
phase of criminal law, and during his career as 
district attorney of Brooklyn he displayed remark- 
able energy in the pursuit of the criminal classes 
and in the rigid enforcement of law. In addition 
to the cases before noted many remarkable murder 
trials, surrounded by complicated and mysterious 
circumstances,' came under his jurisdiction during 
his term of office, and it was only through his in- 
domitable energy and tenacity of purpose that the 
offenders were brought to justice. After retiring 
from office he devoted his efforts largely to the trial 
of criminal cases, and his undeviating success 
brought him a large practice. He was successful' 
in every murder case in which he was an advocate, 
notable instances being his defense of Francis Hyde 
for the murder of Watson, and of Dr. Irish for 
poisoning Anderson. 

Later, finding the rigors of criminal practice too 
severe, he confined himself to civil business. He 
has been counsel for many large and important cor- 
porations, among them the Brooklyn City, the 
Brooklyn City & Newtown, and the Prospect Park 
& Coney Island Railroads. He has also been coun- 
self for numerous other railway and private cor- 
porations. In all lines of practice which he has 
undertaken he has displayed all the qualities of the 
resourceful and thoroughly equipped lawyer. 

Hale and hearty, in his seventy-eighth year, 
Judge Morris is still in the full practice of his pro- 



66 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



fession, with faculties wholly unimpaired, the same 
warm friend, strong advocate, sterling citizen and 
tireless, indomitable man he has been so well known 
to be through more than half a century of Brook- 
lyn's best life. 

JORDAN GREY MILLER. 

Among the New York business men who have 
their residence in Brooklyn is Mr. Jordan Grey Mil- 
ler, of Throop avenue, who for a number of years 
has been associated with the well known tea and 
coffee firm of Samuel S. Beard & Company. 

Mr. Miller was born in Magnolia, Wisconsin, 
January 31, 1850, and is a son of the late Colonel 
Ezra Miller, whose sketch appears in this work. 
During his early boyhood Mr. Miller attended a rural 
district school which was some distance from his 
home, and, removing with his parents to Brook- 
lyn, in 1S65, completed his education in public school 
No. 11. At the age of seventeen years he secured 
a position in the wholesale drug house of Hall & 
Ruckel, of Greenwich street, Manhattan, where he 
remained for about ten years. For the following 
ten years he devoted his energies to negotiating 
with railroads throughout the L'nited States and 
Canada for the application of the coupler, buffer 
and platform, invented by his father, to their cars. 
The terms of the various patent rights having then 
expired. Mr. Miller turned his attention to the tea 
and coffee business, in which he has since con- 
tinued. 

On March 4, 1880, Mr. Miller was married to 
Miss Emily Wells Beard, daughter of Eli Beard, 
of Suffern, New Jersey, and sister of Mr. Samuel 
S. Beard and of Mrs. John Wells Hollenback. To 
this union were burn two children, the Misses Flor- 
ence Louise and Ethel Cummings Miller. Mr. Mil- 
ler, wife and daughters are members of the Tomp- 
l.in- Avenue Congregational church. 

FRANKLIN PIERCE MILLER, M, D. 

Prominently identified with the practice of med- 
icine in Brooklyn is Dr. F. P. Miller, of 298 Stuy- 
vesant avenue. He is a native of Janesville, Wis- 
consin, bis birth having occurred there on Decem- 
ber 31, 1854, during his parents' temporary residence 
in the "Badger state." Ill- early education was ob- 
tained in public school No. 11, of Brooklyn, and he 
prepared for college in the preparatory school of 
Professor John C. Overheizen. He was graduated 
at the New York University in 1872, and in 1876 
received the degree of Doctor of Medicine from the 
medical department of that institution. After mak- 



ing quite an extended tour of Europe he located in 
the practice of his chosen profession in Leadville, 
Colorado, where he continued three years. He was 
located in Denver for two years, one year in Allan- 
dale. New Jersey, and for nearly a year in New 
York city, and in 1887 removed to Brooklyn, where 
he has since continued. 

Possessed of unusual knowledge of the science 
of medicine, of genial manners, which make friends 
for him wherever his acquaintance extends, and of a 
personality which inspires confidence in all with 
whom he comes in contact, he has acquired a large 
and select patronage which is constantly increasing. 

The Doctor is the author of many scientific papers 
which have been presented before the various pro- 
fessional societies of which he is a member and sub- 
sequently published in medical journals or in pamph- 
let form. He is a member of the Medical Society 
of the County of Kings, the Brooklyn Pathological 
Society and the Physicians' Mutual Aid Association 
of New York, in all of which he takes an active 
interest. 

Dr. Miller was married, December 3, 1878. to 
Miss Elizabeth Arabella Berdell, a daughter of Rob- 
ert H. Berdell, who was formerly president of the 
Erie Railroad Company. To this union were born 
two children: Theodore Berdell, who died at the 
age of eighteen months ; and Franklin Pierce Miller. 
Jr. The Doctor and his wife are members of the 
Church of the Good Shepherd. In his fraternal 
relations Dr. Miller is a member of Acanthus Lodge, 
No. 710, F. & A. M. ; Kismet Temple, A. A. O. N. 
M. S. ; Brooklyn Consistory, Scottish Rite, thirty- 
second degree ; and the Aurora Grata Club. He is 
also a member of Washington Council, Royal Ar- 
canum, of which he has been twice regent, and of 
the Cresent Athletic Club of Brooklyn. 

THEODORE V. BERGEN. 

Among the historic families of Brooklyn and 
Long Island the family of Bergen has been promi- 
nent in all generations since the arrival of the first 
of the name to seek a home in the new world. The 
history of the family is a most interesting one, 
covering every period of Long Island's moral and 
material development, and possesses enough of in- 
terest to constitute the subject of a book by itself. 
Some day some Bergen or descendant of the family 
who has leisure and an inclination will write such 
a book, and it will shed light on every phase of 
Long Island history. 

Theodore Vanderbilt Bergen is now a resident 
of Bay Ridge, Long Island. He was born at his 
father's home on the Shore road, September 8, 1843, 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



and is now the only surviving one ot" the seven 
children born unto Isaac and Sarah (Bergen) Ber- 
gen. Jacob Bergen and his son, Isaac E. Bergen, 
the grandfather and father of our subject, were 
both born in the old family homestead which stood 
at the corner of Hoyt and Sackett streets, Brooklyn, 
on the site of the Roman Catholic church, now pre- 
sided over by Father Duffy. The father was a pros- 
perous farmer, reaping a good financial return for 
his labors. He married Sarah, a daughter of Theo- 
dore Bergen, and they became the parent- of seven 
children. The mother died in 1848 and the father, 
long surviving her, passed away on the jtli of Sep- 
tember, 1898. Their son, Jacob I. Bergen, was 
president of the board of aldermen of Brooklyn for 
a number of years, also served as surrogate for two 
years and was very prominent and influential in 
public affairs, his opinions carrying weight in the 
councils of his party and having marked influence 
in shaping its policy. A lawyer by profession, he 
won a place of distinctive precedence at the bar and 
practiced in partnership with John P. Rolfe, one of 
the old-time and leading lawyers of Brooklyn. 

Mr. Bergen, whose name heads this record, pur- 
sued his education in the public schools near the 
family home and in the Brooklyn Polytechnic In- 
stitute. Reared to the occupation of farming, he 
made it his life work during his active business 
career, successfully carrying on agricultural pursuits 
on an extensive scale until 1898, when he retired 
to private life. 

In 1864 Mr. Bergen was united in marriage to 
Miss Sarah Wyckoff, a daughter of Peter Wyckoff. 
She died in 1865, and for his second wife he chose 
Miss Nettie E. Cowenhoven, a daughter of Garrett 
Cowenhoven. Her death occurred in 1892. Mr. Ber- 
gen has given considerable attention to local affairs 
of political import and has been called upon to fill 
several important town offices, the duties of which 
he has ever discharged in a prompt and capable 
manner, thus winning the commendation of all con- 
cerned. 

WILLIAMSON RAPALJE. 

The numerous and reputable family of Rapalje 
is descended from that of de Rapalie (old spelling), 
which, as early as the eleventh century, possessed 
large estates in Bretagne, and ranked among the 
arriere-ban of the French nobility. Some of its 
members were distinguished as military leaders in 
crusades, others for political eminence and profes- 
sional talents, but in the religious wars of the six- 
teenth century, being known as Protestants, they 
became the victims of Papal animosity and were ex- 



pelled from France. Joris Jansen de Rapalie, one of 

this proscribed Huguenot race from Rbchelle in 
France, was the common ancestor of all the Amer- 
ican families of this name. He came to this coun- 
try witli other colonists in 1623, in the Unity, a 
ship of the West India Company, and settled at 
Fort Orange, now Albany, where he remained three 
years. In 1626 he removed to New Amsterdam and 
resided there until after the birth of his youngest 
child. < >n the 16th of June, 1637, he bought from 
the Indians a tract of land comprising three hun- 
dred and thirty-five acres, called Rennegaconck. now 
included within the town of Brooklyn, a part of 
which purchase was the present site of the United 
States Marine Hospital. There Joris Rapalie finally 
located and spent the remainder of his life. He 
was a leading citizen, acted a prominent part in 
the public affairs of the colony and served in the 
magistracy of Brookjyn. He died soon after the 
close of the Dutch administration, his widow, Cata- 
lyntie, surviving him many years. 

Daniel Rapalie, their youngest child, was born in 
the city of New York, on the 29th of December, 
1650, and May 27, 1674. married Sarah, a daughter 
of Abraham Klock. He was a man of high re- 
spectability and an elder of the Brooklyn church. 
He died December 26. 1725. and his widow passed 
away on the 28th of February, 173 1. Their children 
were Joris, Daniel, Catharine, Annetie, Mary and 
Sarah. Daniel Rapalje was born March 25. unit. 
and was married, October 17, 171 1, to Aletie, a 
daughter of Johannes Cornell, at which time he lived 
in Brooklyn, but he afterward removed to Newtown, 
where he died March 19, 1737, his wife having 
passed away on the 20th of May, 1736. They had 
ten children, of whom Daniel, the eldest son, bought 
the home farm in 1747, and became a leading man 
and magistrate of Newtown. Johannes, the second 
son, married and was the father of Major Daniel 
Rapalje, who was born in 1748 and married Agnes, 
a daughter of Johannus Bergen, and became a 
farmer at New Lots. About this time, by a Dutch 
perversion, the "i" in the final syllable of Rapalie 
was changed to "j," which is still adhered to. 'On 
the opening of the Revolution Daniel espoused the 
Whig cause, served as a lieutenant in the Kings 
County Troop of Horse and was in exile during the 
war. He died at New Lots in 1796. His ; children 
were John, Daniel. Simon and Michael. John 
Rapalje married Charity, a daughter of Abram Van 
Sickelen, and their children were: Cornelia, wife 
of Stephen I. Lott. and Daniel I. Simon Rapalje 
married Heleit. a daughter of Nicholas Williamson. 
Their children were: Williamson, the father of 
our subject and who occupied the old homestead of 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAXD. 



Major Daniel Rapalje on the New Lots road; 
Daniel, who died when a young man. and Eliza, 
wife of Walter Bowen, of Flushing. 

Simon Rapalje was a carpenter by trade, and 
also owned a farm of about sixty acres. He brought 
his son Williamson up as a farmer, giving him, in 
addition to a common-school education, a course of 
training also at the celebrated Erasmus Hall Acad- 
emy at Flatbush. at the time when Mr. Craig was 
principal. When young. Williamson exhibited a 
taste and talent for drawing, with a special liking 
for faces and portraits. At the age of twenty years 
he was united in marriage with Ann. a daughter 
of John Vanderveer. the wedding being celebrated 
on the loth of April, 182.1. Their children were: 
Simon, born February I, 1824, and died May 9. 
1827: Margaret Ann, born September 10, 1825, now 
deceased : John, born March 16. 1827, died June 14, 
1828; Helen, born May 27. 1829, died May 16, 1869; 
Simon, born August 5, 183 1 : John Vanderveer, born 
April 4, 1833, died October 9, 1833; Williamson, 
born September 8. 1834; Daniel, born April 20, 1836; 
Elida Vanderveer, born September 20, 1838, died 
November 16. 1842 ; Eliza, born January 26, 1841 ; 
Henry Lott. born August 15. 1843; Elida Vander- 
veer, born June 11. 1846, died July 31. 1852. The 
father of these children, who was born on the 4th 
of June. 1803, died September 24. 1885; and the 
mother, who was born November 11. 1803. died Jan- 
uary 25. 1868. Their lives had been active, useful 
and successful. Good sense, a vigorous understand- 
ing and a most practical executive ability, joined 
with and controlled by a constant sense of right 
and justice, were Mr. Rapalje's controlling char- 
acteristics, and in the exercise of these his fellow 
townsmen insisted on his serving as assessor for 
many years in the years gone by. In the Reformed 
church of New Lots he was always a leader and for 
a long term an elder. Politically he was a lifelong 
Democrat. II is suns have succeeded him as farmers, 
in which calling they are famed as being the largest 
and most successful in the town. They have built 
large and elegant houses on the old homestead, add- 
ing many attractions on the old New Lots road. 

Williamson Rapalje, whose name introduces this 
review, was educated in the local schools of his lo- 
cality, and after entering upon his business career 
he became very successful in vegetable gardening, 
llr subsequently, however, abandoned that occupa- 
tion, divided In- farm and embarked in the real-es- 
tate business, in which line of trade he has also 
met with a high and gratifying degree of success. 
His devotion to the public good was unquestioned 
and arose from a sincere interest in the welfare of 
his fellow men. while his career at all i.mes «,« 



such as to warrant the trust and confidence of the 
business world. He possessed untiring energy, was 
quick of perception, and his close application to busi- 
ness and excellent management brought to him a 
high and well merited degree of prosperity. 

In the year 1859 Mr. Rapalje was united in mar- 
riage with Elizabeth Meserole Schenck, a daughter 
of Isaac and Catherine ( Meserole ) Schenck, and a 
sister of John C. Schenck. They had one child, 
Catharine Ann. born February 8. 1864. and died 
July 26, 1866. 

Mr. Rapalje was an active and prominent mem- 
ber of the East New York Reformed church, in 
which he served as a deacon and elder during the 
greater part of its history, and he always gave 
liberally of his time and means to the support of 
the gospel. He assisted in organizing the Twenty- 
sixth ward branch of the Young Men's Christian 
Association, in which he held the office of director, 
and w^as also a member of the Holland Society. Mr. 
Rapalje was called from this earth on the 28th of 
December, 1896, and in his death the community 
mourned the loss of one of its truest and best 
citizens. His path was ever upward, both in a 
spiritual and temporal sense, and as a man and citi- 
zen he enjoyed the added popularity which comes 
to those genial spirits who have a hearty shake of 
the hand for all those with whom they come in 
contact from day to day and who seem to throw 
around them so much of the sunshine of life. In 
his lifetime the people of his locality, recognizing 
his merit, rejoiced in his advancement, and since his 
death they have cherished his memory. 

NATHAN T. SPRAGUE. 

The apprehension and subsequent development of 
the subject potential must ever figure as the de- 
lineation of the maximum of personal success and 
usefulness in any field of endeavor, and the failure 
to discover this potential — or line along which lay 
the greatest possibilities for development in any 
specific case — can but militate against the ultimate 
precedence and absolute accomplishments of the 
subject. To a greater extent than is usually con- 
jectured does personal success abide in this element, 
and thus in the study of biography there is ever a 
valuable lesson to be gained. To the subject of 
this review there has come the attainment of a 
distinguished position in connection with the great 
material industries and financial institutions of our 
nation, and his efforts have been so discerningly di- 
rected along well defined lines that he seems to 
have realized at any one point of progress the full 
measure of his possibilities for accomplishment at 






*J 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



that point. A man of distinctive and forceful in- 
dividuality, of broad mentality and most mature 
judgment, he has left and is leaving his impress 
upon the industrial world, while his study of eco- 
nomic questions and matters of public polity have 
been so close, practical and comprehensive that his 
judgment is relied upon and his utterances have 
weight in those circles where the material progress 
of the nation is centered. 

Nathan Turner Sprague was born at Mount 
Holly. Vermont, June 22, 1828, and is a repre- 
sentative of one of the oldest American families, the 
ancestry being traced back to William Sprague. .1 
son of Edward Sprague, of Dorsetshire, England, 
who in company with two brothers left the mother 
country in 1629 and founded a home in the young 
colony of Salem, Massachusetts. One brother sub- 
sequently removed to Hingham, that state, and the 
other to Rhode Island. Among the representatives 
of the branch of the family in Rhode Island were 
Amsas and William Sprague, celebrated print-goods 
manufacturers. Two of the representatives of the 
name became governors of states. In 1786 Nathan 
T. Sprague, one of the descendants of William 
Sprague. was born, and as a young man he began 
life as a merchant in Mount Holly, and for the 
next quarter of a century was one of the most 
prominent representatives of the business enterprises 
of that town. He became a large property owner 
and was also prominent in public affairs. He held 
a judicial position and for nineteen years he was a 
member of the Vermont legislature, representing 
Mount Holly for fourteen years and Brandon for 
five years. In 1833 he removed to the latter place 
and was afterward elected president of the First 
Xational Bank. He married Miss Susan Button, 
and unto them were born five children, three of 
whom died in infancy, the others being Eliza, the 
deceased wife of R. V. Marsh, a prominent at- 
torney of Vermont, also now deceased; and N. T., 
of this review. 

During his boyhood days Nathan Turner Sprague 
was placed in charge of his father's large estate, 
his father passing away in 1876, at the age of 
ninety years. Incidental to the care of the prop- 
erty was the loaning of money. At the age of 
eighteen he assumed the management of a large 
country store, which he conducted with marked suc- 
cess, and in 1851 he located in Walhngford. direct- 
ing his attention to agriculture. Five years later 
he returned to Brandon, where he maintained his 
residence for some time. At one time he was in 
charge of twelve farms, successfully superintending 
their operation. For eight years he was president 
of the Brandon Farmers and Mechanics' Club, and 



for six years was president of the Vermont Merino 
Sheep Breeders Association of the United State-. 
These indicate his prominence in agricultural circles. 
In 1864 he established the First National Bank of 
Brandon, in which his father was elected the tern 
porary president, and about 1867 Mr. Sprague, of 
this review, succeeded to the presidency, while in 
1870 he established the Baxter National Bank, of 
Rutland, Vermont. In 1867 he became president of 
the Howe Scale Works Company, of Brandon, and 
under his supervision the business increased four 
hundred per cent. He continued in charge until 
1876. when he retired. 

Mr. Sprague's connection with the business in- 
terests of Brooklyn began in 1879 by the purchase 
of real estate here, and in 1883 he established the 
Sprague National Bank, of which lie was elected 
president. This is the only national banking institu- 
tion in existence having a living namesake. At the 
end 1 if six months this bank declared a three per 
cent, dividend and since then has paid six per cent, 
annually in dividends. The bank now has a sur- 
plus of two hundred and forty-six thousand dollars, 
and is justly regarded as one of the most reliable 
financial institutions in this entire country. 

On the 14th of November. 1849, Mr. Sprague 
was united in marriage to Mi-s Minerva Hull, of 
Wallingford, Vermont, who died in 1856. In Octo- 
ber, 1858. he was again married, his second union 
being with Mrs. Melinda J. Evans, of Springfield. 
Ohio. On the 28th of June. 1885. his second wife 
died, and on the 14th of October. 1886, he was 
again married. Miss Elizabeth Harris, of Brooklyn, 
becoming his wife. By his first marriage he has 
one living child, a daughter. Flora, wife of Charles 
E. Clark, the manager and treasurer of the Buffalo 
Loan & Trust Company. 

At the time of the Civil war Mr. Sprague was a 
loyal advocate of the Union, raised a company of 
Vermont troops and went to the front, making a 
good military record in Missouri. He won the first 
prize for old relics at the Centennial Exposition in 
Philadelphia in 1876. Among the many interesting 
possessions of this character that he has is a boot- 
jack that was made by John Brown, the noted 
Abolitionist, and given to Mr. Sprague by Brown's 
daughter; a marine glass used by Sir John Franklin 
in all hi- voyages around the world; and several 
sets of Grant memoirs presented to him by Mrs. 
Julia Grant and by Colonel Fred Grant. He served 
for several terms as a member of the Vermont 
legislature, representing the district of Brandon, and 
in 1872 he was elected a senator from Rutland 
county and would have been nominated for governor 
on the Republican ticket had he not repeatedly de- 



ro 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



clined to become a candidate. In 1876. when the 
Green Mountain state failed to make an appropria- 
tion for the Vermont state building at Philadelphia, 
he erected it and when paid by the state he used 
the money to found a free library at Brandon, now 
known as the Spragtte Centennial Library.' He has 
done much for Brooklyn and has the credit of mak- 
ing Brooklyn a central reserve city, which has added 
greatly to its financial strength. In 1S85 he organ- 
ized the City Savings Bank. He has devoted much 
time and money to the various charities and educa- 
tional institutions in Brooklyn. He is a trustee of 
the Brooklyn Institute, the Brooklyn City Dispen- 
sary, the Long Island Free Library, the Hanson 
Place Baptist church, and is president of the Eastern 
Greenwich Water Supply Company, of Rhode Isl- 
and, a member of the New YorK Chamber of Com- 
merce and of the Grant Memorial Association. He 
is also president of the Bay Shore, Islip and 
Patchogue Water Company and also president of 
the Elks State Bank, of Clyde, Kansas. In addi- 
tion he has had large stock-raising interests for 
forty years, and has five farms and a beautiful 
country home in Vermont. He possesses ability of 
a superior order and as a financier enjoys an en- 
viable reputation. Although he has been engaged 
in business for over fifty years he can truthfully 
say that in all that time no man or woman who 
invested capital in his many ventures ever lost a 
dollar so invested. 

The career of Nathan T. Spragtte has ever been 
such as to warrant the trust and confidence of the 
business world, for he has ever conducted all trans- 
actions on the strictest principles of honor and in- 
tegrity. His devotion to the public good is un- 
questioned and arises from a sincere interest in the 
welfare of his fellow men. What the world needs 
is such men— men capable of managing extensive, 
gigantic mercantile concerns and conducting busi- 
ii<" "ii terms that are fair alike to employer and 
employe— men of genuine worth, of unquestioned 
integritj and hono: and then the questions of op- 
t>y capitalists and resistance and violence by 
laborers will be forever at rest. 

HENRY IDE. 

More than a half-century has passed since this 
■ 1— I. ii]. his r< sidi n< e in Brooklyn and 
be L justly numbered among her leading and influ- 
ential citizens. Through a long period he was prom- 
inently identified with the busine - interests of the 
metropolis. His 1 • an honorable rei 01 d of a con- 



ila 



if all 



contact. He has not only rounded the Psalmist's 
span of three-score years and ten, but has passed 
the eighty-third milestone on life's journey, and al- 
though the snows of many winters have whitened 
hii hair he has the vigor of a much younger man 
and in spirit and interest seems yet in his prime. 
Old age is not necessarily a synonym of weakness 
or inactivity. It need not suggest, as a matter of 
course, want of occupation or helplessness. There 
is an old age that is a benediction to all that comes 
in contact with it. that gives out of its rich stores 
of learning and experience and grows stronger in- 
tellectually and spiritually as the years pass. Such 
is the life of Henry Ide, an encouragement to his 
associates and an example well worthy of emula- 
tion to the young. 

Mr. Ide is a native of Wrentham, Massachu- 
setts, born February 23, 1818. He traces his ancestry 
back to the pioneer epoch in the history of New 
England's settlement. The first of the name to seek 
a home in the new world was Nicholas Ide (some- 
times spelled Hyde), who resided in Rehoboth as 
early as 1643 and was a landed proprietor. He was 
numbered among the freemen in 1656 and became 
a citizen of prominence, serving as surveyor of high- 
ways from 1669 to 1674. His death occurred Octo- 
ber 18, 1690. He married a daughter of Thomas 
Blyss, whose name was probably Martha, for there 
is a record of the burial of "Martha Ide" in Reho- 
both November 3, 1676. 

The next in the line of direct descent to our 
subject was Lieutenant Nicholas Ide. a son of the 
first Nicholas. He was born in Rehoboth, in No- 
vember, 1654, and died in Attleboro, June 5, 1723. 
He was a freeman in 1670 and was Rehoboth pro- 
prietor (North purchase) in 1666. His connection 
with military service is indicated by the fact that 
he was called ensign as early as 1702 and later 
was known as Lieutenant Ide. In civil office he also 
loyally labored for the welfare of his community, - 
acting as surveyor of highways in 1696; as assessor 
in 1697; as selectman in 1698-9 and again in 1710, 
1713, 1714 and 1718; town treasurer in 1706, 1713 
and 1714; and grand juror from 1701 to 170(1. He 
was married, on the 22d of September, 1677, to 
Mary Ormsbee, who died September 9, 1690, and 
later he married again, his second wife bearing the 
name of Elizabeth. 

John Ide, a son of Lieutenant Nicholas Ide, was 
born in Rehoboth, Massachusetts, August 27, 1691, 
and his service in connection with public affairs was 
as selectman, which position he filled in 1737, 1752 
and 1753. His death occurred November 2-,, 1761. 
lie married Mehitable Robinson and their son, John 
Ide, Jr., wedded Marx Me and became the grand- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



father of him whose name introduces this review. 
Their son, James Ide, the father of our subject, was 
born in Attleboro, Massachusetts, February 8, 1770, 
wedded Betsy George and died in Wrentham, Mas- 
sachusetts, August 20, 1844. 

In their family was Henry Ide. of this review. 
He is indebted to the public-school system of his 
native town for the educational advantages which 
he enjoyed. . At the age of sixteen he accepted a 
clerkship in the village store, where he remained for 
about two years. In January, 1836, about a month 
after the big fire which occurred in New York, lie 
went to that city and entered the employ of the 
firm of Bailey, Keeler & Remson, dealers in straw- 
goods, with whom he remained until the failure of 
the house during the general financial panic of 
1837. He then became a salesman in the employ 
of Mann, Swift & Company, straw-goods manu- 
facturers, which firm became Swift & Ide several 
years afterward and continued in business under that 
title for about six years, their factory being located 
at Wrentham, Massachusetts, while their offices and 
warehouse were in New York. 

Mr. Ide's next business connection made him a 
member of the firm of W. Carpenter, Ide & Com- 
pany. Business was thus carried on until 1857, 
when he' became a commission merchant and pur- 
chasing agent in the line of straw goods and mil- 
linery, carrying on operations along that line with 
a marked degree of success for nearly forty years, 
in that time becoming well and favorably known 
to the trade throughout the world. He enjoyed an 
unassailable reputation by reason of his straight- 
forward business methods and reliability, and the 
house of which he was the head met with marked 
prosperity. He did not engage in speculation and 
his commercial policy was one which at all times 
would bear the light of the closest investigation and 
scrutiny. 

On the 5th of September, 1849, was celebrated 
the marriage of Mr. Ide and Miss Lydia Smith, 
of Hadley, Massachusetts, who was born October 
16, 1824, and traces her ancestry back to one of 
the oldest families of New England. Lieutenant 
Samuel Smith, with his wife, Elizabeth, and his 
children — Samuel, aged nine; Elizabeth, aged seven; 
Mary, aged four ; and Philip, aged one — sailed for 
America on the last day of April, 1634, on the ship, 
"Elizabeth," of Ipswich. He was one of the leading 
and influential residents of Weathersfield, Connecti- 
cut, and removed thence to Hadley, Massachusetts, 
where he held important offices in church and state, 
and where he died about 1680, at the age of seventy- 
eight years. The line of descent is traced down 
through Chileab Smith, born about 1635 ; Luke 
Smith, born April 16, 1666; Jonathan Smith, born 



March 4. 1702; Seth Smith, born February 6, 173S, 
to Elijah Smith, who was born October 24, 1791, 
and was the father of Mrs. Ide. By the marriage 
of our subject and his wife were born four chil- 
dren : Henry E., Charles W., Mary L. and Georgt 
E. The daughter is now the wife of Francis L. 
Hine. vice-president of the First National Bank of 
New York. 

Although Mr. Ide has led a busy life, controlling 
extensive and important business affairs, he has yet 
found time to devote to church and mission work, 
in which he takes deep interest, laboring effectively 
for advancement along those lines. For over thirty 
years he has been a member of the Presbyterian 
board of foreign missions, of which he is now vice- 
president. He became a member of the First Pres- 
byterian church of Brooklyn soon after taking up 
his residence in this city and has always been active 
in the work of the Sunday-school, realizing fully 
the importance of training the child in order that 
Christian manhood and womanhood may be devel- 
oped. Two years after becoming a member of the 
church he was chosen an elder and has since con- 
tinued in that office. 

In politics Mr. Ide has manifested only such in- 
terest as is consistent with good citizenship, never 
seeking political preferment. He was formerly a 
Whig, casting his first presidential vote for William 
Henry Harrison for president, and since the organ- 
ization of the Republican party has usually affiliated 
therewith. A ripe old age, crowned with the fruits 
of his former labor and honored with the esteem 
of his fellow men, many of whom have been bene- 
fited directly or indirectly through his agency, this 
in brief is the record of Henry Ide. 

HENRY E. IDE. 

The name of Henry E. Ide figures conspicuously 
in connection with the importation and sale of 
precious stones, and the house of IT. C. Hardy & 
Company, of which he is a partner and which is 
situated in Maiden Lane in New York, is one of 
the most prominent in this line of trade in the en- 
tire country. Throughout his entire business career 
Mr. Ide has been associated with this line of busi- 
ness. 

Mr. Ide is one of Brooklyn's native sons and has 
always been a resident of the city. He was born 
here October 3, 1850, and is a son of Henry Ide. 
one of the oldest and most highly respected citizens 
of this place. After completing his literary educa- 
tion and pursuing a course in the Polytechnic In- 
stitute of Brooklyn he entered upon his business 
career, securing a position in connection with the 
jewelry trade in Maiden Lane, the most important 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



center of the diamond and jewelry business of 
America. His close application and good judgment 
were soon manifest and won him continued pro- 
motion until lie is now a partner in one of the lead- 
ing houses of the kind, controlling an extensive 
and profitable trade which is widely extended over 
the country. 

On the 28th of April. 1886. Henry E. Ide was 
united 111 marriage to Miss Emma W. Fellowes, of 
Brooklyn, and they now have two children. Isabel 
Fellowes and Eleanore. With his family he attends 
services at the First Presbyterian church of Brook- 
lyn and is a member of its session. Socially he is 
connected with the Hamilton Club and is one of its 
popular and valued members. 

CHARLES W. IDE. 

Charles W. Ide, a member of the firm of Stephen 
W. Weld & Company, of New York, and of Weld, 
Ide & Company, of Liverpool. England, was born 
in Brooklyn May 9, 1852, and is a son of Henry and 
Lydia (Smith) Ide. Fie enjoyed the educational 
advantages afforded by the Brooklyn Polytechnic 
Institute and thus well qualified to take up the duties 
and cares of business life be became a clerk in the 
employ of the firm of which be is now a member. 
His steady application and ready mastery of the work 
entrusted to him won the attention of his employers 
and promotion followed as a natural sequence. To- 
day he has partnership relations with one of the 
largest cotton houses of the world, controlling a 
business of great magnitude and importance. Mr. 
Ide is also a member of the New York Cotton Ex- 
change, of which he was president two terms, from 
1890 until 1892. He is also a director of the Home 
Life Insurance Company of New York and the 
Brooklyn Trust Company, and is vice-president of 
the board of regents of the Long Island College 
Hospital. 

Mr. Ide was married, December 2, 1875, to Miss 
Fanny Otis Ogdcn, (laughter of Jonathan Ogden, 
of Brooklyn, and they have one child, Alice S. The 
parents and daughter arc members of the First Pres- 
byterian church of Brooklyn, They have a beauti- 
ful countrj home al Bernardsville, New Jersey, 
where they spend the summer months, while 
throughout the remainder of the year they occupy 
their town residenci in Brooklyn Mrs. Ide is the 

author of several 1 k« for children, which have 

become verj popular She writes under the pen 
name of "Ruth ( Igden. In 01 ial cii les Mr. Lie 
is a familiar figure, being one of the most pop- 
ular and highly esteemed member" ol the Hamilton 
Club, the Riding and Driving Club, the Union 
I 1 ague 1 lub of New ■> orl thi Morris County Golf 



Club, the Somerset Hills Country Club and the 
Lawyers Club of New York — names which Long 
Island people will recognize as belonging to the 
leading social organizations of the locality. In 1873 
Mr. Ide enlisted in the Twenty-third Regiment of 
the New York National Guard, in which he served 
for ten years, acting as president of his company's 
organization' for six years of that time. He is a 
public-spirited citizen, deeply interested in everything 
that pertains to the welfare of Brooklyn and that 
tends to promote the progress of the city along 
material, military, educational, social and moral lines. 
His support of many measures has been a potent 
element in securing their adoption and support by 
other residents of the city, and Brooklyn numbers 
him among her valued, representative men. 

GEORGE E. IDE. 

It is unusual to find a family where every mem- 
ber in business life has attained to prominence, oc- 
cupying positions that have marked influence on the 
material development and substantial upbuilding of 
the business world, but George E. Ide is a repre- 
sentative of a family whose name is a power in trade 
circles, for his father and his two brothers, as well 
as himself, have through a long period been ac- 
counted among those whose enterprise and splendid 
judgment have contributed to the general prosperity 
by controlling and increasing commercial activity. 
He whose name forms the caption of this review is 
now president of the Home Life Insurance Com- 
pany of New York. 

George E. Ide was born in Brooklyn May 10, 
i860, and is a son of Henry Ide, one of the dis- 
tinguished citizens of Brooklyn. His preliminary 
education was pursued in the Polytechnic Institute 
of Brooklyn, and subsequently he entered Yale Col- 
lege, where he was graduated with the class of 1881. 
Not long afterward be entered upon his business 
career, becoming identified with the banking firm of 
Dominick & Dickerman, of Wall street. New York, 
where be remained until 1890. In the latter year 
he became secretary of the Home Life Insurance 
Company and soon had become familiar with the 
methods and plans of the organization. After two 
years he was made vice-president, and in 181)4 be 
was elected to the presidency, since which time be 
has been the chief executive officer in the corpora- 
tion. He is also a director in the Fidelity & Casualty 
Company and a member of other commercial 
and financial institutions, where bis sound business 
judgment lias been a strong element in the success- 
ful conduct of their affairs. He forms his plans 
readily, is determined in their execution and never 
fails of success in an undertaking where the desired 




ST. PAUL'S CHURCH. FLATBUSH. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



7:] 



result must depend upon energy, resolution and 
business sagacity. 

Mr. Ide was married. October 25, [885, to Miss 
Carrie W. Hester, a daughter of Colonel William 
Hester, president of the Brooklyn Eagle Company. 
Their home is known as "The Orchard" at Larch- 
mont Manor. New York. Mr. Ide is a member of 
the University Club, the Hamilton Chili, the Yale 
Club of New York, the Yale University Club of 
New Haven, the Larchmont Yacht Club, and is a 
vestryman in St. John's Episcopal church of Larch- 
mont Manor, of which he is also the treasurer. 

CHARLES A. H. de SZIGETHY. M. D. 

Charles A. H. de Szigeth'y, a physician of Brook- 
lyn, of old noble Hungarian birth, born in Hungary 
December 21, 1838, obtained In s. education in sev- 
eral colleges and universities of the leading cities 
of Europe, notably Vienna, Berlin. Budapest. Zurich. 
Pavia, London hospitals and Paris. His profes- 
sional training was completed by his graduation at 
the University of Giessen, Germany, in 1867. at which 
time the degree of Doctor of Medicine. Surgery and 
Obstetrics was conferred upon him. Soon afterward 
he decided to come to the new world, as he could 
not yet return to his native land, from which he 
was still banished for political reasons, having, since 
his boyhood, like all of his ancestors, resisted and 
fought Austria, first under his father in Hungary and 
later with Garibaldi in Italy for the freedom and 
independence especially of Ins beloved own country, 
Hungary. 

Crossing the Atlantic, he located in Troy, Xew 
York, where he engaged in practice for a year, and 
after having practiced another year in Xew York 
city he came to Brooklyn, where he soon became 
recognized as one of the leading practitioners of the 
city, continuing an active member of the medical 
fraternity here until 1883. But constant application 
to his business during those years began to tell upon 
his vigorous health, and at that time he removed to 
California, remaining one of the successful medical 
practitioners of the Golden state until 1804. While 
in California he was a member of the California 
State Medical Association, the Los Angeles Medical 
Society, and was there professor of materia medica 
in the Medical College of the University of South- 
ern California. 

Regaining his health, Dr. de Szigethy returned 
to Brooklyn in 1S94, and is bere agan enjoying a 
very large and lucrative patronage. During the 
early days of his practice in America lie was an 
adjunct physician to the Long Island College Hos- 
pital for many years. He is a member of the Med- 



ical Society of the County of Kings, of the Physi- 
cians' Mutual Aid Association of Xew York, the 
Brooklyn Pathological Society, the Kings County 
.Medical Association, the Xew York State Medical 
Association and is a permanent member of the 
American Medical Association. He was formerly a 
member of various other professional bodies, from 
which he withdrew by his removal to California. 
The Doctor is one of the most classical representa- 
tives of the profession in Brooklyn and converses 
fluently in five languages, besides being a good Greek 
and Latin scholar. 

He was married, in June. 1869. to Mis, Mary 
Stevens Mackenzie, a daughter of Colonel William 
Mackenzie, of Brooklyn. The Doctor is now a lead- 
ing representative of the Masonic fraternity, belong- 
ing to the Anglo Saxon Lodge. No. 137, F. & A. 
M .. Constellation Chapter, R. A. M., ami to the Ma- 
sonic Veterans' Association of Brooklyn, lie now 
ranks among the foremost physicians of the city of 
In- adoption. 

REV. T. G. JACKSOX. 

Rev. T. G. Jackson, rector of the Episcopal 
church at Flatbush, was born January 22, 1858, in 
Catskill, New York. His father, G. A. Jackson, 
was a native of England. The family has for many 
generations been identified with the Church of Eng- 
land, and the great-grandfather of our subject was 
a vicar of Wakefield. In 1840 the father came to 
the United States, settling at Catskill. where he 
followed the occupation of farming. He, too, was. 
very active in church work, doing all in his power 
to promote the cause of Christianity. He married 
Miss Jane A. Pepperrel, a daughter of Matthew 
Pepperrel, a woman whose beautiful Christian char- 
acter had a marked influence over the lives of her 
six children. The father died in 1863. and the 
mother, long surviving him, passed away in 1899, 
her memory remaining as a blessed benediction to 
all who knew her. 

The Rev. T. G. Jackson pursued his preliminary 
education in the local schools and continued his 
studies in St. Stephen's College on the Hudson. He 
was graduated in the General Theological Seminary 
in 1881, and entering upon the work of the min- 
istry he was assigned to the Episcopal church at 
Rome, New York, where he remained fur a year. 
In- service in connection with a church of this de- 
nomination in Baltimore covering four years, and 
for a similar period he filled the rectorship of the 
Episcopal church at Cazenovia, Xew York. In 1889 
he came to St. Paul's Episcopal church at Flatbush, 
where he has since remained, his labors bring of 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



great benefit to the community. The work has 
progressed steadily and at the present time a new 
church edifice is being erected at a cost of one hun- 
dred thousand dollars. When Mr. Jackson assumed 
charge of the church this was a little chapel, but in 
the passing years there has grown up a prominent 
parish, whose influence is widely felt. The nu- 
merical strength of the congregation has been many 
times doubled, and the different societies and organ- 
izations of the church are in good working order. 
The Rev. T. G. Jackson was married, on the 20th 
of September, 1883. to Miss Sophia Fairchild, a 
daughter of Sidney T. Fairchild, a very prominent 
citizen and a representative of one of the honored 
families of New York. In 1897 Mr. and Mrs. Jack- 
son traveled abroad, visiting many points of interest 
in all portions of the world, including a visit to the 
Holy Land and to China. They have a beautiful 
summer home at Cazenovia, Madison county, New 
York. Rev. Jackson is connected fraternally with 
the Masonic order, and socially with the Midwood 
Club, Field and Marine and the Church Clubs. 

JOHN R. KUHN. 

The legal fraternity of Brooklyn numbers among 
its members John Randolph Kuhn, who was born at 
East Berlin, Adams county, Pennsylvania, near the 
now historic field of Gettysburg, on the 28th of 
August, 1844. In the public schools of his native 
town he acquired his preliminary education, which 
was supplemented by a course in Calvert College 
in Maryland, where he was matriculated at the age 
of fourteen. After the completion of the course 
the degree of A. M. was conferred upon him. in 
1870. As a further preparation for his life work he 
attended Eastman'- Business College at Poughkeep- 
sie, New York. In 1866 he came to Brooklyn and 
became a student of law in the offices of Waring 
& Sidell, and later of Crook, Bergen & Pratt, and 
in 1867 was admitted to the bar. He has ever since 
been engaged in active general practice. During all 
these years lit has been a careful, conscientious 
worker in behalf of his clients' interests and now 
enjoys a large and lucrative practice at the Kings 
county bar. 

In February, 1872, Mr. Kuhn was united in mar- 
riage t.> Mi-- Henrietta V] Rabitte, daughter of the 
late Charles Lovelock Rabitte, of Brooklyn, and by 
their union have been born the following children: 
Clara Louise, Miriam Estelle, John Joseph, Henri- 
etta Frances, Anna Geraldine, Marea Jeanette, 
George Edward, Louis Charles, Genevieve Arline, 
Walter Randolph, Eulalie Elizabeth, Leo Balleis and 
Evelyn Lovelock, all of whom survive ami are active 
members of the community. The family are all 



members of the Church of the Nativity. Mr. Kuhn 
was one of the organizers of the Catholic Benevolent 
Legion and the Catholic Women's Benevolent 
Legion, and since 1882 has been the editor and pub- 
lisher of the C. B. L. Record, a monthy magazine, 
conducted in the interests of fraternal associations. 
Since 1867 he has been an active member of the 
Franklin Literary Society, of which he was presi- 
dent in 1871, 1889 and again in 1899. In politics he 
has always been a Democrat and takes an active 
interest in the work of the party. He was a charter 
member and the first secretary of the Bar Associa- 
tion of Brooklyn and stands high in the ranks of 
the profession, the fraternity as well as the public 
acknowledging him to be one of the leading lawyers 
of the city. 

THEODOR SIQUELAND, D. D. S. 

Dr. Siqueland cames from Norway, his birth hav- 
ing occurred in Stavanger on the 8th of July, 1862. 
his parents being Tollef and Olene (Johannsen - ) 
Siqueland. His father, who was a physician, was 
noted among the followers of the old school in early 
life, but afterward practiced homeopathy, being one 
of the first to introduce that system of medicine in 
Norway. He died in 1879, but is still survived by his 
widow. 

The Doctor acquired his literary education in the 
schools of his native country and came to New 
York in 1881, for the purpose of taking up the study 
of dentistry, believing that better opportunities were 
afforded to young men in the new world than could 
be obtained in Europe. He soon became a student 
in the office of Dr. Charles D. Cook, of Brooklyn, 
where he continued for two years and then entered 
the Xew York College of Dentistry, from which he 
was graduated in 1886. He afterward accepted a 
position as assistant to Dr. A. R. Eaton, of Eliza- 
beth. Xew Jersey, where he continued for three 
and a half years, and in the fall of 1S89 he began 
the practice of his profession at his present location, 
at No. 260 President street, Brooklyn. He has a 
large general practice, possessing the essential qual- 
ifications, superior mechanical as well as artistic skill 
and comprehensive knowledge of the principles of 
dentistry. His work is in harmony with the most 
advanced and progressive thoughts and methods of 
the day. For several years Dr. Siqueland has been 
connected with the Norwegian Lutheran Hospital 
in Brooklyn, serving the greater part of the time as 
secretary of the board of managers, and now as 
dentist for that institution. He is a member of both 
the Second District Dental Society and the Brook- 
lyn Mental Society. He holds membership in Plym- 
outh church and is a man of strong personality and 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



sterling worth, enjoying the high regard of many 
friends and patrons. 

He married the eldest daughter of Dr. Norman 
W. Kingsley, one of the patriarchs and best known 
members of the dental profession. 

WILLIAM M. HUTCHINSON, M. D. 



Professional advancement is proverbially slow, 
and the man who would win laurels in any of the 
higher walks of life is he who applies himself dil- 
igently and earnestly to the mastery of great scien- 
tific principles and is accurate and exact in applying 
them to the practical affairs of life. It is such qual- 
ities that have gained to Dr. Hutchinson marked 
prominence as a representative of the medical fra- 
ternity of Brooklyn. Widely and favorably known, 
the record of his career cannot fail to prove of in- 
terest to many of our readers. 

A native of Ohio, he was born in the city of 
Cleveland February 22, i860, and is a son of Jonas 
Parker and Harriet t, Stevens) Hutchinson, the for- 
mer a native of Pepperell, Massachusetts, and the 
latter of Cleveland, Ohio. The Doctor was edu- 
cated in the Brooklyn grammar schools, the Pep- 
perell high school, and under the preceptorage of 
Dr. Guy Daly was prepared for entrance in the Long 
Island College Hospital, in which institution he wai 
graduated in 1881. During his senior year he served 
as an undergraduate house physician. After recen • 
ing his degree he went to Kansas, where he was en 
gaged in the practice of his profession for a year. 
He then returned to Brooklyn, where he has since 
built up a large general practice, giving special at- 
tention to the diseases of children. He was chief 
of the children's clinic in the Long Island College 
Hospital Dispensary from its establishment until 
1899, has been instructor in chemistry and assistant 
to the chair of diseases of children since 1882 and 
was president of the Alumni Association in 1893. He 
has served as a visiting physician to the Seaside 
Home for Children and to the Society for the Pre- 
vention of Cruelty to Children since 1895. He is 
a member of the Medical Society of Kings County, 
having served for five years as its secretary; also 
belongs to the Brooklyn Pathological Society, the 
American Association for the Advancement of 
Science, the American Electro-Therapeutic Associa- 
tion, and was the medical sanitary inspector for the 
Brooklyn board of health from 1893 until 1897. 

The Doctor was married, November 22, 1882, to 
Miss Sophia Hixon Chapin, a daughter of Nathan 
Chapin. of Massachusetts, and they have had two 
children,— Maude Adelaide and Arnold. 

In his political affiliations the Doctor is a stal- 
wart Republican and is the treasurer of the First 



Assembly District Republican Association. He was 
elected in 1900 to membership in the Republican gen- 
eral committee of Kings county. As every true 
American citizen should, he feels a deep interest in 
politcal affairs, but has never been an aspirant for 
office, preferring to devote his time and energies to 
his business interests. The success which has at- 
tended his efforts is but the natural sequence, for 
his position became assured as an able physician, a 
man of sterling integrity and one devoted to his 
profession and to the interests and welfare of those 
to whom he ministered. He is thoroughly en rapport 
with his profession; his heart is ever in his work, 
and he has gained not only the respect and confidence 
but also the appreciative affection of his patients, 
his humanity being ever paramount to his profes- 
sional or scientific instincts. 

GEORGE T. DURVEA. 

George T. Duryea, who throughout his entire 
career has been connected with the grain and feed 
trade and is now successfully conducting a large 
store of that character at No. 46 Wallabout Market. 
Brooklyn, was born at Syosset, near Oyster Bay, 
Nassau county, Long Island, and is a representative 
of one of the oldest families of this portion of the 
state, being of the seventh generation in descent from 
the Holland ancestor who left the land of dykes 
in order to ally his interests with those of the new- 
world. He was among the pioneers of Flatlands, 
Long Island, and in this portion of the Empire state 
representatives of the family have since resided, 
quietly but faithfully performing their duties of 
citizenship and contributing their share to the de- 
velopment, upbuilding and progress of the commu- 
nity. Albert Duryea. the father of our subject, wai 
for many years a substantial farmer of Queens, now 
Nassau county, and is still living, at the age of 
seventy-six years, but has retired from active busi- 
ness life. He married Esther Cheshire, a daughter 
of John Cheshire, and also belongs to an old New 
England family, and is still traveling life's journey 
by the side of her husband, to whom she linked her 
destiny in early womanhood. They became the par- 
ents of four children, two of whom are living, viz., 
oiii- subject and Olivia, Mrs. Charles F. Whitney, 
of Huntington, Long Island. 

The district schools near his home afforded to 
George T. Duryea his educational advantages, and 
upon the home farm he early became familiar with 
the work of field and meadow, assisting in the cul- 
tivating of the home place until 1874. when, think- 
ing he would find commercial life more congenial, 
he came to Brooklyn. Here he secured employment 
in a grain and hay store, and after several years 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



spent in the capacity of salesman he embarked in 
business on his own account, with the capital ac- 
quired through his industry and economy. Opening 
a store at the Wallabout Market, he has since car- 
ried on the trade with good success, and now has 
a large business. His patronage has constantly 
grown until now he annually handles large quantities 
of grain and feed, and from his sales derives a good 
income, which is the legitimate and well deserved 
reward of his business activity. The old Duryea 
homestead and farm at Syosset. Long Island, once 
owned by David Duryea. the great-grandfather of 
our subject, has remained continuously in the pos- 
session of the family for four generations and is 
now owned by George T. Duryea. the subject of 
this sketch. 

In June. 1872. Mr. Duryea was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Dorothea Van Sise. a daughter of 
James and Ruth (Powell) Van ^ise. who belongs 
to a leading and ancient family of Long Island. Mr. 
Duryea resides in a pleasant home at 75 Keap street, 
Brooklyn, and in addition he owns a farm at 
Syosset. the supervision of which claims part of 
his tune and attention. He is a member of the 
Hanover Club and is well known in this portion 
of Long Island, for his entire life has here been 
passed ; and the fact that many of his warmest 
friends are numbered among those wdio have known 
him from his boyhood indicates that his has been 
an honorable and upright career. Mr. Duryea is a 
self-made man in the true sense in which the term 
is used. During his early manhood's years he began 
life on his own account, without capital to begin 
with, and he has by his thrift and enterprise made 
bis way upward in the commercial world, and the 
success he ha- achieved is worthy of emulation. 



\Y 



\M 11ESTKK. 



Among the many agencies which have contrib- 
uted to the wonderful development of the city of 
Brooklyn and have given it worldwide fame, none 
is comparable with the "Eagle" newspaper, and with 
its name is inseparably associated that of Colonel 
William Hester, who has been identified with it for 



Colonel Hester ua^ born in Poughkeepsie, New 
York, in December, 1835. Hi father was Samuel 
Hester, of English descent, and his mother, who 
was a sister of I .1.1. \ an \n len, founder of the 
embryo "Eagle," was ,,f Dutch descent. He ac- 
quired a fail education in a public school in his 



native town and at Rhinebeck Academy. Early in 
1852, when in his seventeenth year, he left home 
and became an apprentice in the printing office of 
his uncle, Isaac Van Anden. in Brooklyn. After 
passing five years in the various tasks imposed upon 
a printer in the days of handpress and hand com- 
position, he became a clerk in the counting room, 
and he was subsequently advanced to the assistant 
management of the business. In 1870 the "Eagle" 
passed into the hands of a stock company, and 
Colonel Hester acquired a small interest and became 
publisher of the paper, Mr. Van Anden being presi- 
dent of the company. On the death of the latter 
named, in 1875. Colonel Hester, who had acquired 
additional stock from time to time, succeeded to 
the presidency. In the more than quarter of a 
century which has elapsed since that time the larger 
growth of the paper and the vast improvement in 
its offices and mechanical facilities have been ef- 
fected under the masterful management of Colonel 
Hester. During this period have been erected two 
complete newspaper buildings, while the mechanical 
equipment has been repeatedly changed to meet the 
necessities of modern methods. Great as have been 
the improvements in these respects, corresponding 
advancement has been made in the making of the 
newspaper itself. To make the "Eagle" a personal 
organ, or use it to further a personal or political 
ambition, were foreign to the nature of its pro- 
prietor, and his sole purpose has been to make it 
what it is. a really metropolitan newspaper and a 
worthy and influential exponent of good morals, 
good citizenship and good government. To this 
end he has drawn to his assistance a rarely able 
and conscientious editorial staff, wdiose loyalty to 
their tasks is constantly stimulated by the conviction 
that they share the spirit of their chief and covet 
his approval. 

In his earlier manhood, before the "Eagle" made 
great exactions upon his energies, he identified him- 
self with various activities in the city. In 1854 he 
was an active member of the volunteer fire depart- 
ment, in the days of hand engines. In 1857 he be- 
came connected with the National Guard as a mem- 
ber of Company A, Fourteenth Regiment, and for 
five years he was quartermaster of the Second Di- 
vision, serving on the staff of Major General 
Thomas S. Dakin, and of his successor, Major Gen- 
eral James Jourdan. 

An earnest Democrat, he has habitually held 
aloof from political prominence. In 1882, however, 
he reluctantly accepted the nomination for congress 
from the third congressional district: his defeat 
was expected, but his personal popularity enabled 
him to reduce the Republican majority from seven 
thousand lo twenty-four hundred. In 1886, while 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



he was making a tour of Europe, Mayor Whitney 
appointed him a commissioner of public parks, but 
the exactions of his business obliged him to de- 
cline the honor. At another time he persistently 
declined a nomination for the Mayoralty of 
Brooklyn. 

Ardent in his friendships, and possessing fine 
social qualities, Colonel Hester has long been a 
popular member of the leading clubs, among which 
are the Hamilton, the Brooklyn, the Crescent Ath- 
letic, and the Riding and Driving Clubs of Brook- 
lyn, the Manhattan Club of New York, the Larch- 
mont and Shelter Island Yacht Clubs, and various 
minor organizations. 

In a souvenir edition of the "Brooklyn Daily 
Eagle" (1901), commemorating the sixtieth anni- 
versary of the paper, appears a fine tribute to Col- 
onel Hester from the fervent pen of St. Clair Mc- 
Kelway, the editor in chief, who speaks as a warm 
personal friend as well as a fellow laborer. He says : 

"William Hester is the best epitome of the public 
to the editor of the 'Eagle' that could be found. 
He has no difficulty in telling right from wrong, 
instinctively or on sight, in public matters. He 
knows at once the extent to which a policy can be 
carried, with assurance of public backing, and the 
point beyond which it should not be pressed. 
* * * He has never used the 'Eagle' for his own 
personal or political purposes. * * * He is a 
strong, modest, fair, even, honest and practical man. 
* * * His tastes are simple, his associations 
are governed by congeniality and sincerity, and are 
maintained with that spirit alone. He appreciates 
wit and eloquence in writing, in speech, and his 
sense of humor is as marked as that of any one 
who could be named. His memory is strong, clear 
and discriminating. His power of mimicry is un- 
usual, though rarely employed, and his liking for 
fiction, for drama, for oratory and for manly sports 
is strong and growing." 

EMMETT D. PAGE. M. D. 

Emmett D. Page was born in Broome county. 
New York, in 1852, on the homestead purchased by 
his grandfather, John Page, in 1806. from the es- 
tate of John Hornby, of the county of Middlesex, 
united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, who 
held it by grant of the British government, so far 
as is known. The Doctor's paternal ancestors came 
to New England in 1638 and were identified with 
the colonial as well as the subsequent history of 
New England down to the present day. The name 
is traced to John Pageham, fourth bishop of Wor- 
cester, England, from 1 151-57, A. D. The name is 
written in various ways, a frequent occurrence in 



old English ancestry, as Pageham, Pagenham and 
Pagham. The Bishop's descendant in the thirteenth 
century was Sir Hugo Page, baronet, and bearer 
of despatches from the king of England to the king 
of Spain. He came into prominence in 1256. Will- 
iam de Pageham was active in the last crusade as 
advisor to Prince Edward of England. One of Sir 
Hugo's descendants was Sir Gregory Page, knight, 
of Greenwich, county Kent, England, who flourished 
about the year 1610. He was made a baron about 
[614 and married Lady Makepeace. They had 
grown sons who, in 1638, came to New England 
ami planted the name on American soil. Dr. Page, 
of this review, is of that line. His grandfather re- 
moved from New England to New York about 
1794. In 1658 Colonel John Page, a younger son 
of Sir Gregory came to America and founded the 
Virginia branch of the Page family, where the coat 
of amis is now lodged. It is the ancient ancestral 
coat, "A." "Sire Edmon de Pagenham, quartile do 
or e de goules, un eagle vert en lun quarter." Roil 
time Edward II, about 1310. Sir Gregory Page 
Turner enjoys the title to-day. 

Asa Page, the Doctor's father, was married, in 
1X4.'. to Miss Clara C. Tracy, who:e lineage may be 
traced back to Woden, who conquered a large part 
of the north of Europe in the third century and is 
buried in Sweden. Woden is sometimes called Odin, 
and by the Romans, Othinus. The line comes down 
through nine generations to Cerdic, the first king 
of the west Saxons, and from him through eleven 
generations more to Egbert, the seventeenth king 
«if the west Saxons and the first Saxon king of all 
England. The representative of the second genera- 
tion following was Alfred the Great, who flourished 
from 847 to 901. Five generations bring the lineage 
down to Princess Goda in 1054 : three more to Lord 
Sudley, who married Grace de Traci, daughter and 
heiress of Henri de Traci, feudal Lord of Barn- 
stable. Her youngest son, William, inherited her 
title and estate and assumed her name. He it was 
who, in 1 170, by order of King Henry the Second, 
with three other knights, assassinated Thomas ,a 
Becket, archbishop of Canterbury. He repented of 
this in later life and built and endowed a chapel in 
the Conventional church at Tewkesbury. He died 
at Morthoe in 1224. His great-grandfather was in 
the battle of Hastings in 1066. Through fourteen 
generations the name comes down to Sir Paul Tracy, 
baronet. He won his title June 29. 161 1, from 
King James the First, and it was his ninth son, 
Thomas, born in 1610, who came to America in 
1636 and settled in Salem, Massachusetts, thus es- 
tablishing the family in America. In England the 
Tracys are related by blood to the Throckmortoiis. 
Carlovingians, the Capetians, the Lucys of Charle- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



cote, the Scottish kings, the Greys, the Astleys, the 
Beauchamps, the Norman dukes, the kings of France 
and other of royal birth and noble lineage. No 
family can claim armorial bearings more ancient 
than the Tracys, lor they were handed down from 
the middle of the twelfth century. 

In the year 1623 the arms of the Tracys of Stan- 
way, in the official visitation of the county of 
Gloucester were recorded as follows: "Arms. 
Quarterly: I and 4. or. an escallop in the dexter 
chief point sable between two bendlets gules, Tracye ; 
2 and 3, argent, on a chevron sable between three 
pellet-, as many roses of the field, Baldington. 
Crest. On a chapeau gules, turned up ermine, an 
escallop sable, between two wings, expanded, or." 
The Tracy motto. "Memoria Pii Aeterna" (the 
memory of the pious man is eternal), is displayed 
below the arms, but its origin can not be traced 
The -Arms of Tracy" being inherited are of the 
most distinguished class of the three classes as 
designated by heraldry, and the name is ranked 
with the literary class. 

Thomas Tracy came to America in 1636 and 
went to the relief of Uncas, the sachem of Mohe- 
gan in 1645, when besieged at Shattuck's Point by 
Pessachus, sachem of the Narragansetts, which led 
to the grant of the town of Norwich, Connecticut, 
in 1659, and thither Thomas Tracy removed in 1660. 
He was deputy from Norwich to the legislature 
from 1667 until 1685. He sat as a member of the 
colonial assembly for more than twenty sessions and 
was lieutenant of the New London County Dra- 
goons, who were engaged in fighting the Dutch and 
the Indians. He died in 1685. 

. Thomas Tracy, the third, died in 1777, in the 
war of the Revolution, and is buried at Lenox, Mas- 
sachusetts. His son, Ebenezer Tracy, married Miss 
Electa Howard, a relative of the Howard who was 
one of the three counsellors to the first governor 
of the Plymouth colony. Thomas Tracy, the fourth, 
was private secretary to one of the officers of the 
war of 1812 and w^as located near Fulton Ferry. 
Brooklyn, and at other places on Long Island. He- 
was the maternal grandfather of Dr. Page. Others 
of the family lived on Manhattan Island in the Leeds 
district during the war of the Revolution and the 
men of the family all served in the army. 

Dr. Page has an older brother, Adelbert, living 
at Grolon, New York, and a younger one. Tracy 
R. Page, who is in business at Cortland, New York. 
where also lives his eldest sister, Mrs. Minnie D. 
Foley, the wife of M. II. Foley. lie has a twin 
sister, Eva, the wife of L. H. Metzgar, wdio resides 
at Groton, New York, and all have families. A 
younger sister, Julia, who recently died, had always 
made her home with her mother, who lives in 



Groton, New York, and is enjoying good health at 
the age of seventy-eight years. The youngest sis- 
ter, Yilla Faulkner Page, has won a most desirable 
name and reputation throughout the state in edu- 
cational lines and is a reader of unusual merit. 

Dr. Page received his education in Groton Acad- 
emy and in the normal school at Cortland, where he 
pursued a classical course and was graduated in 
187S. He then taught in the Fredonia State Nor- 
mal school for two years, after which he entered 
the medical department of Michigan University, 
where he was assistant to the professor of physi- 
ology and microscopy. He was elected president of 
his class there, and had several positions of like 
importance which indicated his popularity as well 
as his scholarship. In 1881 he came to Brooklyn 
and completed his medical course in the Long Island 
College Hospital, in which he was graduated in 
June, 1882. This was followed by a course in St. 
Peter's Hospital, where he remained for a year and 
a half. During the seven consecutive years follow- 
ing he was clinical assistant to the chair of dis- 
eases of children at the Long Island College Hos- 
pital. He is visiting physician to the Brooklyn Home 
for Consumptives ; is medical examiner for various 
insurance companies and orders : and is a member of 
the Medical Society of the County of Kings ; of the 
Kings County Medical Association; of the Long Isl- 
and Medical Association ; of the New York State 
Medical Association; a member of the Alumni Asso- 
ciation of the Long Island College Hospital ; and of 
other organizations connected with his profession. 
He has contributed various articles to medical jour- 
nals and has also written for the press. 

In his social relations the Doctor is a Mason, 
belonging to Hill Grove Lodge, F. & A. M., and also 
belongs to DeWitt Clinton Council, R. A. M., the 
Aurora Grata Club, and to the Union League Club 
of Brooklyn. He was married, in 1900, to Miss 
Helen A. Smith, of Brooklyn,, and they now reside 
in that section of the city known as the Hill. The 
Doctor is enjoying a good practice in that locality. 
Mrs. Page is a daughter of the late Herbert A. 
Smith, wdio married Helen M. Burrill. Both were. 
natives of Lynn, Massachusetts. In politics the Doc- 
tor has always been a Republican, but has taken no 
active part in political affairs outside ; Of 'offices in 
his ward and assembly districts. 

JOSEPH APPLEGATE. 

Almost an octogenarian and yet an interested 
witness of the events which ~o to make up the his- 
tory of Brooklyn, Joseph Applegate is numbered 
among the venerable and highly respected residents 
of the city, whose growth he has witnessed from the 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



time when it was a small town of one thousand un- 
til to-day its metropolitan appearance and propor- 
tions place it in the front rank among the leading 
cities on the Atlantic coast. He was long connected 
with its manufacturing interests, but is now living 
retired in the enjoyment of an ample competence 
which his years of earnest and well directed labor 
brought to him. 

Mr. Applegate is a representative of old families 
of Long Island. His uncle, Samuel Smith, was at 
one time mayor of Brooklyn and married a Miss 
Joraleman, who belonged to an old and noted fam- 
ily of the city. Josiah Applegate, the father of our 
subject, was a native of New Jersey and married 
Ann Smith, a daughter of Zachariah Smith, whose 
ancestors resided for many years at Huntington, 
Long Island. By trade Josiah Applegate was a 
mason and with others he assisted in throwing up 
the trenches in which were interred the bodies of 
so many of those who died on the prison ships in 
the Wallabout during the occupation of New York 
by the British in the war for independence. He 
died when his son Joseph was only about four years 
of age, and his widow afterward married again. 

Joseph Applegate was born September 29, 1S12. 
in the old family home on Main street, near Fulton 
street, in Brooklyn, and after his mother's second 
marriage accompanied his step-father and the fam- 
ily to New York city. He pursued his education in 
the public schools and at an early age learned the 
cabinet-maker's trade, which he followed for many 
years. He extended the scope of his business in 
1859 by engaging in the manufacture of coffins, and 
was one of the first to engage in a wholesale busi- 
ness in that line. His work attained such a de- 
gree of excellence that his reputation in that direc- 
tion spread throughout the country and his business 
increased to extensive proportions. In 1863 he re- 
turned to Brooklyn and here continued a success- 
ful manufacturing business until 1891, when he re- 
tired from active life. The volume of his trade 
had constantly grown and his sales were so large 
that each year he added to his financial resources 
and with a handsome income to supply all his needs 
and provide him with many of the luxuries of life 
he disposed of his industrial interests in order to 
spend his remaining days in the enjoyment of a 
well earned rest. 

In 1835 occurred the marriage of Mr. Applegate 
and Mis, Ianthe Jarvis, a daughter of Ebenezer 
and Bethsheba Jarvis, and together they traveled 
life's journey happily for sixty-three years, but 
deatli at length separated them, the loving and 
faithful wife being called to the home beyond Jan- 
uary 21, 1897. She was a most estimable lady and 
had been to her husband a faithful helpmate. 



Mr. Applegate is a valued member of several 
fraternal and social organizations. He belongs to 
the Hanover Club, the Society of Old Brooklyn- 
ites and to Hyatt Lodge, F. & A. M. He was 
initiated into Polar Star Lodge of the Masonic fra- 
ternity in the early '50s, and during his long con- 
nection therewith filled nearly all of its offices and 
was its trusted and capable; treasurer for many 
years. He attends the First Dutch Reformed church. 

He relates in entertaining manner many interest- 
ing incidents of early Brooklyn life. In hi, boy- 
hood days the city contained a population of only 
one thousand, and he has therefore witnessed al- 
most its entire development, taking just pride in its 
progress and improvement. As the years passed, 
through his business sagacity and thrift he ac- 
quired a competency which brought to him all the 
necessities and many of the luxuries of life, and en- 
abled him to contribute largely to charitable institu- 
tions and benevolent purposes. He has never selfishly 
hoarded his wealth, but prompted by a broad hu- 
manitarian spirit has extended a helping hand to 
many who have reason to hold him in grateful re- 
membrance for his timely assistance in their hour 
of need. Although he has now reached the very 
advanced age of eighty-nine years he is still well 
preserved both mentally and physically and has the 
vigor and appearance of a much younger man ; and 
now in the evening of life, venerated and respected 
by all, he can look back over the past without re- 
gret and forward to the future without fear. 

PETER P. HUBERTY. 

Peter P. Huberty, a member of the law firm of 
Huberty & Greifenstein, and the subject of this re- 
view, is known as a capable lawyer of Brooklyn. 
He was born in Prussia, Germany. June 3, 1845, 
and is a son of Emmerich and Katharina (Koster) 
Huberty, both of whom were natives of Prussia. 
Hi, father. Emmerich Huberty, was a farmer by oc- 
cupation. Both he and his wife were good Christian 
people, respected by their neighbors and friends. 

Peter P. Huberty pursued his classical course of 
learning in Prussia, Germany. He there followed 
teaching for a year, after which lie came to America 
and gave private instruction in German in Brooklyn. 
Subsequently he was for eighteen years a teacher in 
the Most Holy Trinity parochial school, of Brook- 
lyn. During that time he successfully passed the 
civil service examination for chief clerk of the 
police department of Brooklyn, and also entered 
upon the study of law in the office of Henry Fuehrer, 
being admitted to the bar in May, 1893. He then 
resigned his position in the police department, and 
in 1894 opened an office at No. on Broadway, Will- 



-I) 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



iamsburg, for the practice of law. He continued 
alone until January. 1900, when he admitted Fred- 
erick J. Greifenstein to a partnership, and the firm 
of Huberty & Greifenstein have gained an enviable 
position at the bar of Brooklyn. The former was 
a candidate for civil justice in 1895, but was de- 
feated, and in the fall of 1899 he was elected clerk 
of Kings county for a term of two years. He is a 
close and earnest student of law. and his devotion 
to his clients' interests is proverbial. 

Mr. Huberty was united in marriage January 30, 
1870, to Miss Rosa Maurer, a daughter of Ulrich 
Maurer, and unto them have been born seven chil- 
dren, namely: Josephine, wife of C. H. Renter; 
Ulrich, an architect; Rosa; Amelia; Mary; Henry: 
and Paul. Mr. Huberty is a member of the Knights 
of Columbus, the Catholic Benevolent Legion, the 
Arion and other singing societies and the Bushwick 
Club. He is a communicant of the Roman Catholic 
church, and is a Democrat in his political affiliations. 
He has been an active factor in educational circles 
in his section of Brooklyn, and is now prominently 
connected with a profession in which advancement 
depends entirely upon individual merit, close appli- 
cation and marked ability. 

COLONEL ANDREW D. BAIRD. 

A veteran of the great American conflict, the 
survivor of forty-five pitched battles and the hero 
of Knoxville, Colonel Andrew D. Baird, of Brook- 
lyn, has enjoyed many high civic honors and is 
looked upon as one of the most substantial citi- 
zens of Greater New York. The Empire city has 
had a vast army of contributors to the prestige 
its present greatness commands, but those who have 
had to do with the construction of its magnificent 
buildings and the securing of its architectural beauty 
as found in the great structures which in this ma- 
jestic metropolis serve church and state, commerce 
and religion, residence and recreation, industry and 
art, have had a special influence upon the progress 
of their day and have given to the world a visible 
and valuable evidence of their work. Conspicuous 
among those who have contributed to the material 
upbuilding of the city in the line of masonry is the 
subject of this review, Colonel Andrew D. Baird, 
a man of forceful character, strong personality, and 
one who has long been actively and prominently 
identified with the growth and progress of the East- 
tern District of Brooklyn. 

He was born in Kelso, Scotland, October 4, 1839, 
and is a son of Andrew and Helen (Lindsay) 
Baird. He attended the national schools of Scot- 
land until ten years of age. but at the age of nine 
years was put to work. He came with his parents 



to America in 1853, landing in New York city on , 

the 4th of July. His parents located in the East- 
ern District, where Mr. Baird grew to manhood 
and further qualified himself by attending night 
school. He was early apprenticed to a blacksmith, 
but left inside of a year to learn the stone-cutter's 
trade with Gill Brothers. He at an early age evinced 
his extraordinary facility for finance, having, on 
becoming of age, husbanded sufficient margin of his 
meager earnings as apprentice and journeyman to 
purchase a piece of property, upon which he soon 
realized a profit of fifteen hundred dollars as the 
result of his first venture in investment. The south- 
ern crisis had now arrived, and before the awful 
thunder of Fort Sumter had rolled away he had en- 
listed, on May 13, 1861, as a private in the ranks 
of the Seventy-ninth Regiment, New York High- 
landers, a National Guard regiment, of which he 
had been a member and with which he then entered 
the United States service in defense of his adopted . 
country. With this gallant regiment, made up 
largely of Scotchmen, he served from the first fight 
of Bull Run to the surrender of Lee at Appomat- 
tox, participating in forty-five battles and being 
three times wounded. 

It is due to Mr. Baird to say that the records 
show that he was always at his post doing his 
duty in every engagement in which the regiment 
participated. Their first engagement was at Black- 
burn's Ford. July 18, 1861, followed by the first bat- 
tle of Bull Run on July 20th, and in rapid suc- 
cession the battles of Lowinsville, Virginia, and 
Port Royal, Cowessess and James' Island, Sou/th 
Carolina, several skirmishes on the Rappahannock 
river, second Bull Run and Chantilly. In the last 
mentioned battle he received a severe musket ball 
wound in the left arm, where he still carries the 
bullet as a memento of that terrible field of carnage. 
His next fight was in front of the murderous sto.ie 
wall at Fredericksburg, followed by the battles of 
Vicksburg and Jackson, Mississippi, and Blue 
Springs, Lenore and Campbell Stations and Fort 
Saunders, Tennessee. Then came the memorable 
siege of Knoxville, where as captain commanding 
one corner of the fort he successfully repulsed 
the repeated onslaughts of the superior army of 
General Longstreet, with the total loss of but four 
of his men, while inflicting a loss of nine upon 
the enemy. Chivalrous Tennesseeans have never 
forgotten their disgraceful defeat, but in such victory 
they loudly proclaimed to Colonel Baird the un- 
dying glory of being the hero of the fiercely con- 
tested battle of Knoxville. The regiment is next 
heard from in the battle of the Wilderness, Spott- 
sylvania Court House, Mine Run and in all the 
minor engagements in front of Petersburg, and 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



81 



closed its campaign with the surrender of Lee at 
Appomattox after having served four years and 
three months. By his gallant conduct he gained 
rapid promotion from the rank of private to that 
of sergeant, from the latter to shoulder straps and 
through various grades as commissioned officer, and 
from May, 1864. until the Seventy-ninth was mus- 
tered out in July, 1865, he was captain, major and 
colonel commanding. He was three times wounded : 
First in the battle of Chantilly. where the brave 
Kearny and Stevens fell, and previously referred to; 
next, at Blue Spring, he received a gunshot wound 
in the shoulder; and he was struck by a piece of 
shell in the hip in front of Petersburg, — neither of 
the latter, however, retiring him from the field. 

For gallant and meritorious conduct in two of 
the bloodiest battles of the war, the first and sec- 
ond battles of Bull Run, he was promptly promoted 
from the position of corporal to that of sergeant 
and from the rank of second lieutenant to that of 
captain. At a regimental dinner given many years 
after the war his health was proposed by Colonel 
Morrison, who referred to him as the only soldier 
of the regiment who had twice been promoted on 
the field for bravery in action. 

Returning to Brooklyn in 1867, Colonel Baird 
formed a partnership with Robinson Gill in the 
stone-cutting business. Their yards, which occu- 
pied a part of the present location, were the same 
in which Colonel Baird had learned his trade. This 
was one of the oldest and largest stone yards in 
Brooklyn, and the plant to-day is the finest equipped 
in all Greater New York, and has led the world 
in the introduction of improved machinery. The 
first diamond saw for cutting stone was set up in 
this mill. It was invented by Hugh Young, a private 
in Colonel Baird's regiment. The Colonel is a prac- 
tical stone-cutter and gives his personal supervision 
to every detail of his extensive business, and none 
of his large force of men work harder or more 
regularly than he. Among some of the more im- 
portant contracts filled by Colonel Baird were for 
the following buildings: The New Museum build- 
ing of the Brooklyn Institute, the Telephone build- 
ing, the Fire Department headquarters, the Real Es- 
tate Exchange building and the Twentieth Precinct 
station-house. 

Politically Colonel Baird has been active and 
prominent in the councils of his party. As a Re- 
publican he has been nominated for the highest of- 
fices in the gift of the city. He represented the 
nineteenth ward in the hoard of aldermen for three 
terms, from 1876 to 1882. As a member of that 
body, although a stanch Republican, his serv'ce was 
characterized with a fearless and independent spirit 
unfettered by any party trammels, and always he 



sought to serve what he deemed the best interests 
of Brooklyn, holding the welfare of the city above 
political scheming, and later was a supporter and 
adviser of Mayor Low. In 1885 Colonel Baird was 
the unanimous choice of his party for mayor, but 
declined the nomination for mayor in 1887 and 
again in 1889. In 1890 he was tendered the post- 
mastership of Brooklyn by President Harrison, 
which he also declined to accept. He was one of 
the most influential advocates of the new East river 
bridge and was president of the commission ap- 
pointed by Mayor Schieren. He is actively identi- 
fied with business and financial interests in the East- 
ern District. He is a director of the Manu- 
facturers' National Bank and Twenty-sixth Ward 
Bank, a trustee of the Williamsburg Savings Bank, 
the Nassau Trust Company, and treasurer of the 
Kings County Building & Loan Association. 

He is a member of Grant Post, No. 445. G. A. 
R., the Loyal Legion, and has been treasurer of the 
Hanover Club since its organization. 

He has been twice married. For his first wife 
he married a Miss Warner, in 1867. Three children, 
two sons and a daughter, blessed this union: An- 
drew R., who married Elizabeth Bellous and has 
three children,— Andrew D., Alice and Hartwell,— 
is associated with his father; Miss Annie L. Baird; 
And William W., who married Mary McGregor and 
is also assisting his father in carrying on his ex- 
tensive enterprises. The present wife of our sub- 
ject, who was Miss Catherine Lamb, he married 

Andrew Baird. the father of Colonel Baird, was 
likewise a veteran of the Civil war and a stone- 
cutter by trade and occupation. He was born in 
Kelso, Scotland, in 1818, and learned the mason's 
trade, and followed stone-setting before and after 
coming to this country in 1S5.1. He brought with 
him his wife and five children and located in Will- 
iamsburg at the corner of Division avenue and Sec- 
ond street, where he engaged in the stone-setting, 
business up to within two years of his death. 

He enlisted for three years in the Seventy-ninth 
Regiment, New York Highlanders, in August, 1862, 
111 the war of the Rebellion, two of his sons, An- 
drew D. and Alexander L., having enlisted in the 
same regiment at the breaking out of the war. He 
took part in the battles of South Mountain, Antie- 
tam, Fredericksburg, Vicksburg and numerous minor 
engagements, and at the expiration of two years he 
was discharged from the service on account of dis- 
ability contracted in front of Vicksburg, from the 
effects of which he never recovered and died in 
1869. He was a member of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows and the Lee Avenue Congrega- 
tional church. He married Ellen Lindsay, who is 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



still living, at the age of eighty-tun years. Then- 
children were Andrew 1 ). ; Ellen, the wife of Rou- 
ert Fairehild; Alexander L., who is a veteran of 
the Seventy-ninth Regiment and served through the 
entire war with the Colonel, is a member of Mans- 
field Post, G. A. R., and the Free & Accepted Ma- 
sons. He is a stone-cutter by trade and with Irs 
next younger brother, William W., constitutes the 
ing firm of A. L. & W. W. Baird. The 
latter served nine months as drummer boy in the 
Civil war. having joined the Thirteenth Regiment 
the day he was fifteen years old. James B., the 
youngest son. a stone-cutter by trade, is superin- 
tendent of Colonel Baird's immense stone business. 
Thus it will he seen that Colonel Baird, actuated 
b_\ his sense of duty to country and devotion to the 
cause of freedom, won for himself on the field of 
battle a high place in the annals of fame. With 
peace and union restored his active interest and 
hearty support of all undertakings which have for 
their objects the welfare of the community have 
made him a prominent factor in the councils of 
public affairs, and his honest methods and keen busi- 
ness foresight have secured to him an enviable posi- 
tion m the world of finance and trade. 

WILLIAM II. HUBBELL 

Xew England ancestry has produced some of 
our best -.ihJKTs, and the Xew England family of 

Hubbell would appear to have descended from a 
warlike race Some of the members of the family- 
fought for the cause of the colonies in the war of 
the Revolution, and Henry Hubbell, the father of 
Colonel William II. Hubbell, as a member of the 
Forty-seventh Regiment. Xew York Volunteer In- 
fantry, fought for the preservation of the Union in 
our Civil war. 

William II. Hubbell was born in Xew York city, 
M.i-. jo [847, a son of Henry and Phoebe (Garrison) 
Hubbell, and at the age of six years he removed with 
In parent in Brooklyn After acquiring a practical 
education in the public schools of Brooklyn he be- 
came an employe in a wholi .ale dry goods commis- 

ion hou e, For many year- he has been in the same 
for himself, and since [8S8 ha- been in a 

1.1 .<:i torj structure at No. 32 North Moore 

street, New York city. He became a member of 
the Forty-seventh Regiment, New York National 
Guards, April 10, 1865. He was promoted from pri- 
vati to in - 1 lergeant in [877, to adjutant in [884, and 
to lieutenant colonel in [890, lie accompanied the 
regiment to the Spani h war and was with it during 
the entire period ol il ervice in Porto Rico, hav- 
ing been promoted colonel in December, r888, com- 
manding the organization until it was mustered out 



of service on the 31st of March, 1899. Soon after 
the arrival of the regiment in Porto Rico he was 
commissioned as colonel of the Forty-seventh In- 
fantry, Xew York Volunteers, and with two troops 
of cavalry was placed in command of the district 
of Caguos, comprising about one-fourth of the island, 
including eighteen or twenty towns and cities, among 
them Caya, Abonita and Guayuma. After subduing 
the natives and establishing peace among them, at- 
tention was directed to the sanitary condition of the 
island, the correction of bad habits of living among 
the natives and the eradication of lawdess and im- 
moral customs and usages. Colonel Hubbell was 
highly complimented because of the efficient service 
performed by his regiment, the duties of which were 
largely of a civil and diplomatic semi-military char- 
acter, which the training of most of the men had 
scarcely fitted them for. 

Colonel Hubbell is a member of the Spanish 
War Veteran Association of the Forty-seventh Regi- 
ment, and of the William IT. Hubbell Command, 
No. 12, Spanish War Veterans of Xew York, named 
in his honor. He is also junior vice commander in 
chief of the National Army, and senior vice com- 
mander of the Corps of the State of New York. 
Spanish War Veterans. He is a member also of 
the Borinquien Society, composed only of veteran 
officers of the Forty-seventh who served in Porto 
Rico, and of the Society of Foreign Wars. During 
his services in Porto Rico Colonel Hubbell w^as the 
president of a board of inquiry to investigate charges 
of incompetence in the Sixth Immune Regiment from 
Tennessee. At the convention of delegates of the 
National Army, Spanish War Veterans, convened 
at Buffalo, Xew York, August 23, 1901, Colonel 
Hubbell was chosen a- the commander in chief to 
succeed General Nelson A. Miles. He has a mem- 
bership in the Royal Arcanum and other secret 
and social organizations. In politics he is a sturdy 
Republican. 

He married Miss Ada Renison. in 1S8S. a daughter 
of William and Laura (Russell) Renison, of Con- 
necticut. Their children are: Charles, Edgar, Will- 
iam II., Jr., and Laura. The family attend the 
Protestant Episcopal church. 

JOHN WHITE. 

Among the representative men who have made 
their homes in Brooklyn for the past half century 
is John White, who was horn in Woolwich. England, 
May 27, 1829. His parents were John and Eleanor 
(Gowanloch) White, of. English and Scotch ances- 
try. The father came to America in 1S31, and lo- 
cated in Virginia, where he contracted cholera, which 
was at that time epidemic in the eastern part of the 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



83 



United States. He soon afterward removed to New 
York and engaged in the shoe business, which he 
continued until the time of his death. The family 
came to America in 1832. They were the parents 
of four children, of whom John was the eldest; 
George XV., who was for many years superintendent 
of the Lorillard Snuff Factory, is now living in re- 
tirement in Xew Jersey; Elizabeth, deceased, mar- 
ried Dennis McCarty and had four children ; and 
Miss Caroline White has been an invalid for many 
years. After the death of her sister she gave her 
attention to the former's children, and after the 
death of their father took full charge of them. 

John White was educated in public school No. 8. 
of New York city, and at the age of nine years be- 
came an errand hoy in a shoe store on Canal street. 
He soon afterward accompanied his mother to Eng- 
land, where he attended school for about a year. 
Upon his return to Xew York he secured a position 
in a shoe store on the Bowery, in which his father 
was a foreman. He learned the shoe-making trade 
of his father, and followed it for about four years. 
but this not proving to his liking he entered the 
employ of Snyder & .black, lithographic printers, 
where he remained abort four years. At the end 
of that time he opened a confectionery store on 
Atlantic avenue, Brooklyn, where he continued for 
about ten years. He then engaged in the confection- 
ery business on Myrtle avenue on a more extensive 
scale, and after building up a good trade sold out in 
1872. lie then engaged in the fruit and nut business 
in New York, where he continued until 1S75. when 
he retired from active life. He has lived in Brook- 
lyn since 1853, ; "id has witnessed many of the 
changes which have come with the rapid develop- 
ment of the city. 

In April, 1850, Mr. White was married to Miss 
Elizabeth Laing, a daughter of James Laing and a 
sister of Colonel Joseph Laing, of the Seventy-ninth 
Regiment. Mrs. White died in 18S9. They had four 
children: Isabella, who .married John D. Long, 
superintendent of the Ginna Tin Factory, of New 
York, and has two children, Wilbur D. and Florence 
D. ; John, who died at the age of three years and 
seven months; Eleanor Marguerite, who died in 1S00. 
the wife of Mark S. Croquet, who is engaged in the 
produce business in New York, and they had three 
children, Mabel and Bessie, twins, and Mildred; and 
Joseph Laing White, who married Jennie Wyckoff, 
and is a member of the marine insurance firm of 
Smith, Hicks & Co., of New York, and has two chil- 
dren, Edith and Leslie. Mr. White attends the 
Fleet Street Methodist Episcopal church, of which 
his family are members. He is a member o" 
turn Lodge, No. 640, F. & A. M., of which he is 



senior past master, and of Orient Chapter, R. A. M. 
He is past grand of Magnolia Lodge, No. 166, I. O. 
O. F., of which he became a member in February, 
1861. He has been for thirty-five years a member 
of Alpha Lodge. No. 9, Knights of Pythias, of which 
if is p.i-t chancellor and of which he is now master 
of exchequer. He was one of the organizers of the 
Odd Fellows Mutual Benefit Association, of Brook- 
lyn, m 1807. and is now secretary of that organiza- 
tion. He has been active at various times in the 
different organizations of which he is a member, 
particularly in the Odd Fellows lodge and the 
Knights of Pythias, but in hit.' years his chief inter- 
est has been in the Mason's fraternity. 

DEDRICK M. WESTFALL. 

It -■ems that nature has intended that man in his 
later years should enjoy retirement from labor. In 
early hie with full strength, purpose, ambition and 
hope he prepares for work and in the mature power 
of his manhood he carries forward the enterprise 
with which he has become associated, and if he im- 
proves his opportunities and exercises judgment in 
the selection of his life calling he will win success, 
and then when the evening of life comes on and 
his strength begins to wane he will have the com- 
petence which will enable him to put aside the 
arduous cares and responsibilities and enjoy life in 
full measure, Mr. Westfall has not yet passed be- 
yond his prime, but has already entered into retire- 
ment from the active business world. 

He was born in Brooklyn, December 24. 1848. 
His father. Dedrick Westfall. was a native of 
Bremen. Germany, and in 1835 crossed the briny 
deep to the new world, locating in New York, 
where he engaged in the wholesale wine and liquor 
business for many years. In 1840 he removed to 
Brooklyn, where he maintained bis residence until 
his death, which occurred forty years later. He 
served as a captain in the old Fifth New York Regi- 
ment of the State Militia, and was an active mem- 
ber of the German Lutheran church, in which he 
served as deacon and elder. He was one of the or- 
1 1 3 of the church on Schemmerhom street and 
contributed liberally to its support. He married 
Miss Lucy Helms, also of German lineage, and to 
them were born eight children. The mother died in 
1894. 

Mr. Westfall pursued his education in the private 
schools in Brooklyn, and was associated with his 
father in business until 1884. The volume of the 
trade was extensive and brought to them a hand- 
some financial return, so that the subject of this 
review is now the possessor of a comfortable fortune 



84 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



and is living retired. He married Miss Kate Duflon, 
a daughter of L. Duflon, the wedding being cele- 
brated on the 30th of April. 1872. They became the 
parents of three children, of whom two are living, 
Aleta and Gesina. The family is well known in 
Flatbush where they have long resided, and the 
circle of their friends is very extensive. 

GEORGE S. GELSTON. 

George S. Gelston, deceased, was a resident of 
Fort Hamilton, Long island, where he died March 
6, 1890, and the community mourned the loss of one 
of its prominent citizens, for he had been an active 
factor in the upbuilding and progress of his com- 
munity, and had had marked influence in advancing 
the welfare of his section of the island. He was 
born in East Haddam, Connecticut, and was de- 
scended from Judge Hugn Gelston, who emigrated 
from Belfast, Ireland, to Southampton, Long Island, 
in 1717. In 1752 he became judge of the common 
pleas court of Suffolk county, and for twenty-one 
years held that office.— a fact which stands in unmis- 
takable evidence of his marked ability and impartial- 
ity. At the time of the Revolutionary war his 
patriotism was most marked. He served as chair- 
man of the committee of safety, and did all in his 
power to advance the cause of the colonists in their 
struggle for independence. His son, William, served 
as a member of the Colonial army at the age of 
nineteen years, and foi some time was held a pris- 
oner on the ship Jersey. He was the father of 
George S. Gelston, whose name introduces this re- 
view. 

The latter came to Fort Hamilton in 1842, and 
for many years was recognized as the "Tiffany" of 
his day. carrying on business at No. 1 Astor House. 
He also built the Fort Hamilton hotel, a most cele- 
brated resort, where the most influential society 
people went from New York city to spend the sum- 
mer month-. He was prominent both in business 
and social circles, and became the owner of much 
valuable property. He was also a man of unim- 
peachable integrity, his word being as good as any 
bond that was ever solemnized by signature or seal. 
His straightforward dealing and his upright life com- 
mended him to the confidence and esteem of all, 
and he was justly regarded as one of the leading 
citizens of his community. 

Mr. Gelston was united in marriage to Maria An- 
toinette Meinell, a daughter of James Meinell, of 
New York, who belonged to our of the old families 
of the Empire state, and owned much valuable prop- 
erty ai Oyster Bay, Long Island. Mr. and Mrs. 
Gelston became the parents of five children, of whom 
two an living: Maria A. and Thomas H. The daugh- 



ter founded the free library at Fort Hamilton in 1891. 
and largely through her influence it has become an 
institution of which the city may well be proud, 
containing five thousand volumes, of which twelve 
hundred are in circulation each month. The library 
was started with five dollars in money and a set of 
Dickens' works, but it is now incorporated and has 
become an influential agent in the literary improve- 
ment of the place. Miss Gelston is a leading mem- 
ber of the Daughters of the Revolution, and was 
very active in hospital work here during the Spanish- 
American war, devoting her entire time and atten- 
tion to such labors for a year. 

LUDWIG NISSEN. 

''The proper study of mankind is man," said 
Pope ; and aside from this, in its broader sense, 
what basis of study and information have we ? 
Genealogical research, then, has its value, be it in 
the tracing of an obscure line or the following back 
of the course of a noble and illustrious lineage whose 
men have been valorous, whose women of gentle 
refinement. We of this end-of-the-century demo- 
cratic type cannot afford to scoff at or to hold in 
light esteem the bearing up of an escutcheon upon 
whose fair face appears no sign of blot; and he 
should thus be more honored who honors a noble 
name and the memory of noble deeds. The lineage 
of the subject of this review is one of the most 
distinguished and interesting order, and no apology 
need be made in reverting to this in connection with 
the individual accomplishments of the subject him- 
self. One branch of his family gave to Denmark 
her celebrated statesman, George Nicholas Von Nis- 
sen, while his mother's ancestors under the name 
of Von Dawrtzky, ranked high among the Polish 
nobility. 

Mr. Nissen was born in Hussum, Schleswig- 
Holstein, on the 2d of December, 1855, and after 
acquiring his education in the public schools of that 
place he served for a short time as assistant sec- 
retary of the imperial district court of Schleswig; 
but he desired to try his fortune in foreign lands, 
and in the year 1872 he crossed the Atlantic to 
New York, where he arrived with a cash capital of 
but two dollars and fifty cents. However, he was 
energetic and determined, and he worked his way 
steadily upward, scorning no employment that would 
yield him an honorable living, and this advanced him 
step by step, for merit and diligence never fail to 
bring reward. He put aside family pride and 
worked as a bootblack and waiter in a hotel, and 
there his ability, diligence and perseverance were 
noted by his employer, and he subsequently became 
the cashier. Later he became a bookkeeper and 



tm 




HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



85 



was afterward the manager of a hotel. Subsequently 
he engaged in the butchering business on his own 
account, this enterprise being his first independent 
venture. Next he engaged in the running of a 
restaurant, and afterward lost five thousand dollars 
in the wine business, through the unworthiness of a 
partner. He was again not only without capital 
but also burdened with indebtedness; yet with un- 
failing courage he set to work to retrieve his lost 
possessions. 

On the ist of May, 1S81, Air. Nissen, in com- 
pany with a Mr. Schilling, established a small 
jewelry shop at No. 51 Nassau street, under the 
firm name of Schilling & Nissen. Their trade in- 
creased rapidly and at the end of two years the 
business was recognized under the firm title of Lud- 
wig Nissen & Company. In 1885 the business was. 
removed to its present quarters, No. 18 John street, 
and at the expiration of five years Mr. Nissen pur- 
chased his partner's interest and associated with him 
several former employes. He is to-day recognized 
as one of the leading diamond merchants in the 
United States, and so potent has been his influence 
that the New York Jewelers' Association, composed 
of the leading firms in the jewelry trade, electe I 
him its treasurer for several years and finally hon- 
ored him with the presidency. In January. [892, he 
was sent to Albany as the chairman of a jeweler-' 
committee, his associates on the committee being 
Charles I.. Tiffany and Joseph Fahys. They were 
to appear in company with other trade represents 
tives and argue before the senate committee the 
necessity 'if increasing the state appropriation for 
the Columbian Exposition from three to five hun- 
dred thousand dollars. On that occasion Mr- Nissen 
made his reputation as a speaker, forcible and log- 
ical, and his was one of two of the many addresses 
delivered on that occasion that were published, 

As the president of the New York Jewelers' As- 
sociation his administration was marked by bis vig- 
orous prosecution of noted diamond thieves, which 
resulted in the practical suppression of their opera- 
tions. The high rank he holds as an expert on 
diamonds and precious stones has made bun every- 
where famous, and he has been frequently invited 
to lecture on this most interesting subject before 
clubs and societies. He was appointed b\ I 

nessee Centennial Exposition authorities as judge of 
the awards in the department of commerce, to whom. 
with Mr. Kunz, were referred all the exhibits of 
art goods, jewelry, minerals and precious stone-. 
He was the commissioner for Brooklyn to the At- 
lanta Exposition of 1895 an d the Nashville Exposi- 
tion in 1897, having served as the treasurer on both 
•commissions; and in 1899 be was honored by elec- 



tion to the treasurership of the New York state 
commission to the Universal Exposition at Paris 
of 1900. He was elected the president of the Manu- 
facturers' Association of New York in [898, which 
office he continues to fill. 

In the financial world Mr. Nissen is equally 
prominent. He is the vice-president of the Oriental 
Bank of New York city, and is also a trustee of 
the Dime Savings Bank of Brooklyn, which repre- 
sents deposits of nearly thirty million dollars. 

Mr. Nissen is a member of, and officially identi- 
fied with, various social and fraternal societies. A 
Republican politically, be served a term as a civil- 
service commissioner of Brooklyn and enjoyed the 
honor of presiding at the great McKinley and 
Roosevelt meeting held in the Academy of Music in 
October, 1000, the greatest Republican demonstra- 
tion iif the campaign in the city. In 1897, when the 
Citizens' Union of Greater New York nominated 
President Seth Low for mayor and ex-Secretary of 
the Treasury Charles S. Fairchild for controller, 
Air. Nissen was honored, by a unanimous nomination 
for the office of president of the council. Feeling 
assured that that ticket would be elected, be felt 
constrained to decline the nomination on account 
of not being in a position to fill the "iXic^ acceptably 
to himself. 

Immediately following the McKinley campaign of 
1900, about sixty of Brooklyn's mosl representative 
citizens met at the Academy of Music for the pur- 
pose "f organizing a Citizens' Union for bringing 
about absolute union of all forces opposed to Tam- 
many misrule. Mr. Nissen was made chairman of 
the meeting, chairman of the committee on organi- 
zations of the Citizens' Union, and later chairman 
of the borough committee of Brooklyn. lb- was 
,-iKo made vice-president of the Citizens' Union of 
New York, vice-chairman of the committee of one 
hundred and was one of the executive committee of 
twelve winch went into conference with the anti- 
Tammany organizations for the purpose of making 
up .1 Fusion ticket. Throughout the deliberation 
of this conference Mr. Nissen's name was fre- 
quently mentioned for both mayor and comptroller; 
but at all times, owing to the important position 
be occupied in the conference and activity he had 
manifested in the preliminary campaign, he abso- 
lutely declined to allow his name to be used for 
any office whatsoever. Mr. Nissen belongs to that 
high type of our citizenship who ara willing to give 
their time, money and energy for the bettering of 
the conditions of mankind without asking or expect- 
ing return, except the consciousness that right has 
been done. The overwhelming success of the Fusion 
ticket and the disastrous defeat of Tammany Hal) 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



was notably in a large measure due to the magnifi- 
cent work of the Citizens' Union, and for which 
Mr. Nissen is justly entitled to a large measure of 
credit. 

A study of his personality reveals a many-sided 
man. By genius, energy and integrity he has 
forged his way to the front, winning just fame and 
an eminent position among men, — a man, though of 
genuine kindliness of heart, as tenacious as iron to 
a purpose when once he has made up his mind. 

JAMES W. INGALLS, A. B., M. D. 

Dr. James Warren Ingalls, who is engaged in 
the practice of medicine in Brooklyn, was born in 
Ashford, Windham county, Connecticut, August 22, 
1850, a son of Warren and Hannah (Marcy) In- 
galls, The father, who died in Ashford. Connecti- 
cut, was a lineal descendant of Edmund Ingalls, who 
came to America from England in 1627, and two 
years later became one of the first settlers of Lynn, 
Massachusetts. Captain Zebediah Ingalls, the great- 
grandfather of our subject, was an officer in the 
Revolutionary war, and Judge Ingalls, the grand- 
father of our subject, was a resident of Pomfret, 
Connecticut. He was sent by the town of Pomfret 
to the state legislature thirty-two terms, thirty of 
which were consecutive. The mother of our subject 
died in Putnam, Connecticut. She was the grand- 
daughter of Captain Reuben Marcy, who commanded 
the Fourth Company of Colonel Chester's Regiment, 
Wadsworth's Brigade, which was raised in June, 
1776, to reinforce Washington's army in the vicinity 
of New York. Lemuel Ingalls, a brother of the 
Doctor, «;h for more than a quarter of a century 
superintendent of a manufacturing establishment in 
East Tcmplctun, Massachusetts. His sister, Arethusa 
Ingalls, was for a number of years engaged in 
teaching a private school in Brooklyn, New York, 
and later became the wife of the Rev. Nathaniel 
Fox. Her death ocurred in Hartford, Connecticut. 

The Doctor spent his early boyhood as a student 
in the schools of his native town, and in 1870 he 
became a student in Woodstock Academy, of Wood- 
stock, Connecticut. In 1874 be entered Phillips 
Academy, at Andover, Massachusetts, where he was 
graduated in 187(1, and in 18S1 he was graduated 
at Yale College. He won the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine from the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geon 5, of New York, in 1 ss 4 . and then became a hos- 
pital interne for the Kings Count} Hospital, at Flat- 
bush, when I;'' remained until 1885. While occupy- 
ing thai i"> 1 1' >n In also pur: ui d a < ourse in the 
Post-Graduate Medical School. During 

hi bi ' hoi id, when nol attending 1 1 1, lie was cm. 

pl< iyed -11 .' 1 .i"! al a latei pi 1 ^p, ,,i , , ne 



year in teaching, which profession he resumed for 
a year's duration after leaving Woodstock Academy. 
Subsequently he accepted a clerkship in a store in 
Putnam, Connecticut, where he remained for three 
years. 

When he was fitted by a thorough preparation 
for his chosen calling he entered upon the practice 
of medicine. He keeps in touch with the progress 
made by the medical fraternity, with its scientific 
research and with its improved knowledge through 
his membership in the following societies: The 
Kings County Medical Society ; the Brooklyn Patho- 
logical Society; the Kings County Medical Associa- 
tion; Associated Physicians of Long Island; asso- 
ciate member of the American Ophthalmological So- 
ciety; the American Medical Association; the 
( Iphthalmological Section of the Kings County 
Medical Society ; the Brooklyn Society of Neur- 
ology ; the Kings County Hospital Alumni Associa- 
tion ; the Brooklyn Medical Society ; the Yale Alumni 
Association; the Phillips Academy Alumni Associa- 
tion and the Brooklyn Alumni Association of the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons. In the Brook- 
lyn Medical Society he served as president in 1900, 
is surgeon to the Brooklyn Eye and Ear Hospital, 
ophthalmic surgeon to the rirooklyn Central Hos- 
pital, ophthalmic and aural surgeon to the Industrial 
Home, on South Third street, ophthalmic surgeon 
to the Bushwick and East Brooklyn Dispensary, and 
was formerly assistant aural surgeon to the New 
York Eye and Ear Infirmary. To the medical 
journals he has made a number of contributions, 
the titles and dates of publication being as follows : 
Carcinoma of the Stomach. New York Medical 
Journal, March 26. 1S87; Spina Bifida, Brookly; 
Medical Journal. April. ]SSN: Early Correction of 
Ametropia, ibid., September, 1S95 ; Progress of 
Ophthalmology, ibid., April and December, 1897; 
April, September and October, 1898; April and De- 
cember, 1809. Book Reviews, Brooklyn Medical 
Journal, January and November, 1897 ; June, 189S ; 
April and December, 1899; Ophthalmia Neonatorum, 
Lancet. April. 1900. 

In 18S5 Dr. Ingalls was united in marriage to 
Mi>> Aliby Weaver, and they now have three chil 
dren : James Arthur, Edmund and Irving. 

HENRY LEWIS O'BRIEN, D. D. S. 

Among Brooklyn's most promising professional 
men. Henrj Lewis O'Brien occupies a conspicuous 
place. Bom in Paterson, New Jersey, on January 
29, 1864, at an early age be with hi- parents took 
up bis residence in the home which be now occupies 
ai 217 Ninth street, in the southern section of 
I Irool lyn. His early education was acquired in pn- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



vate schools in Brooklyn, and later at the Polytechnic 
Institute. He attended the New York College of 
Dentistry, and in 1885 was graduated at that insti- 
tution with the degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery. 
It was not long after securing his degree before he 
entered upon the active practice of his profession, 
since which time lie has built up and now enjoys an 
extensive patronage. Dr. O'Brien has marked ability 
and- is peculiarly adapted for the work he has made 
his life study: he not only has shown himself an ex- 
cellent student but has demonstrated his aptitude for 
imparting knowledge as evidenced by the fact of his 
having been made demonstrator of mechanical 
dentistry to his alma mater in the year 1886-7. He 
has held other responsible positions, as dentist to the 
Southern Hospital and Dispensary, visiting denli-t I" 
the Convent of the Sisters of the Visitation at 
Blythebourne, Long Island, Little Sisers of the Poor, 
Sisters of St. Joseph, etc. He has also assisted in 
surgical work at the Long Island College Hospital. 
Dr. O'Brien is an esteemed member of the Second 
District Dental Society, as well as of the Brooklyn 
Dental Society; a veteran of the Third Battery and 
of the Twenty-third Regiment. New York National 
Guard, and vestryman in All Saints Protestant 
Episcopal church. He is particucarly fond of out- 
door sports, and greatly enjoys the privileges af- 
forded for indulging his inclination by the Crescent 
Athletic Club of Brooklyn and the Xew Utrecht 
Rod and Gun Club, of both of which he is an ac- 
tive member. He is also the president of the East 
Quogue Gun Club, an organization that controls an 
extensive game preserve at the east end of Long 
Island. 

JOHN E. SHEPPARD, M. D. 

Dr. John Evans Sheppard is a celebrated phy- 
sician whose attention has been largely given to the 
treatment of diseases of the ear, nose and throa'. 
In this connection he has won a high reputation. 
placing bis name among the most prominent aurists 
of the city of Brooklyn. He was born in Stoe Creek 
township, Cumberland county, New Jersey, June r, 
1859, and is the only lineal descendant of George 
Wood and Ruth (Bacon) Sheppard. His ancestors 
were a part of the Fenwick colony that settled in 
the southern part of New Jersey shortly before the 
Quakers began the settlement of Pennsylvania. Tin- 
Doctor is also descended from the Wood family, 
later very prominent in Philadelphia, numbering 
among its members Dr. George B. Wood, who stood 
at one time at the head of his profession in Phila- 
delphia. Our subject's paternal great-grandfather 
was at one time the proprietor of the only store in 
southern New Jersey within a radius of fifty miles. 



Another ancestor assisted in burning a ship-load of 
English tea on the Cohanzie river prior to the date 
of the "Boston Tea Party." Tracing back the an- 
cestry through seven generations, we find that a 
lineal ancestor of the Doctor was buried on the farm 
on which our subject was born, and the table which 
he had brought to this country from England is now 
a treasured heirloom of Dr. Sheppard. All of the 
family were connected with the Society of Orthodox 
Friends. The mother of our subject died January 
16, 1899, at the age of seventy- four years, and the 
father passed away on the 13th of December, 1899, 
at the age of seventy-three. 

Dr. Sheppard obtained his preliminary education 
in a private school in Germantown, was later a 
student in the Friends' Boarding School, al West- 
town, Pennsylvania, and was graduated at Haver- 
ford College in 1870, with the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts. Three years later he won his medical diploma 
in the University of Pennsylvania and. after a year 
passed in hospital work, entered upon the practice 
of his profession in Atlantic City, where he remained 
until 188S. While there he was attending physician 
to the Children's Seashore Home, the Mercer Me- 
morial Home and the seashore annex of the Friends' 
Insane Asylum. During 1888-9 ' le studied diseases 
of the ear. nose and throat in Berlin. Vienna, 
Munich and London, and has since given his atten- 
tion exclusively to this specialty. Upon his return 
from Europe he located in the Williamsburg district 
of Brooklyn, but six months later removed to the 
Heights, where he has a large and lucrative prac- 
tice. He was aural surgeon in the Brooklyn Throat 
Hospital, of Williamsburg, in 1889 and 1800; was in- 
structor in the Xew York Post-Graduate Medical 
School and Hospital from 1890 to 1892; assistant 
aural surgeon of the New York Eye and Ear In- 
firmary during 1801-2; adjunct professor of otology 
in the New York Polyclinic Medical School and 
Hospital from 1893 to 1894; and professor from 
1894 to [897, when he resigned; aural surgeon of the 
New York Church Clinic from 1894 to 1805; as- 
sistant aural surgeon to the Brooklyn Eye and Ear 
Hospital from 1890 to 1805; and aural surgeon sinc< 
tlie latter date; and has been professor of clinical 
otology of the Long Island College Hospital since 
1806. The Doctor is a member of the American 
Otological Society: the American Laryngological, 
Rhinological and Otological Society; the American 
.Medical Association; the American Academy of 
Medicine: the Xew York Stale Medical Society; 
the Medical Society of the County of kin--, <•{ 
which he has been censor since 1898; the New York 
Otological Society; the Associated Physicians of 
Long Island: the Brooklyn Pathological S 
which he was president in [898-9; tin- Brooklyn 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Medical Club; and was the organizer and first chair- 
man of the Laryngological, Rhinological and Otolog- 
ical Section of the Medical Society of the County of 
Kings; and he is also a member of the Hamilton 

and Marine and Field Clubs, of the Second Presby- 
terian church, of Brooklyn, of which he was the first 
president of the Young People's Association. 

On the nth of August. 1894, he was united in 
marriage with Mrs. Janet Argyle Campbell, of New 
York. She is a daughter of Col. Colin J. Campbell, 
of the British army, who was wounded at the relief 
of Lucknow, India, which caused his death twelve 
years later. He was an officer through the Crimean 
war, and was at the siege of Sebastopol, where a 
noted engagement was fought. Mr. and Mrs. Shen- 
pard enjoy the hospitality of many of the best homes 
in their section of the city, and their position in 
social circles is an enviable one. Although his pro- 
fessional duties ami interests are important, he yet 
finds time to devote to other interest,. He is prom- 
inent in church work and withholds bis support from 
no movement or measure that he believes will ad- 
vance the social, intellectual and moral welfare of the 
community, fie is a man whose strong individual- 
ity lies in the strength of bis integrity, virtue and 
deep human sympathy. 

ALBERT E. LAMB. 

Colonel Albert l 7 .. Lamb, one of the leading mem- 
bers of the Brooklyn liar, and for many years an 
active and useful officer in the National Guard of 
the state of Xew York, was born November 9. 1843. 
in Worcester, Massachusetts. His parents were 
Edward and Jane Elizabeth (Smith) Lamb. His 
first American ancestor was Colonel Lamb, who 
came fn ,11 England with the Puritans in 1630 and 
settled at Roxbury, Massachusetts. This early col- 
onist and bis immediate descendants were promi- 
nent in public affairs, ami bore a full share in all 

th rts which contributed to the establish 

nient of social institutions and the founding of the 
commonwealth. Some of their number were 
courageous defenders of the infant white settle- 
ments during the Indian wars, while Others, of a 
later generation, fought in the Patriot army during 
the war For independence. Among the latter was 
Samuel Lamb, great grandfather of Colonel Albert 
E. Lamb, who bore the commission of a captain. 
Three of his family wen- at Hunker Hill and .11 the 

Mi far a gn at uncle n as a colonel in the 

regular ami) Early in the eighteenth century the 
Tamil family became related by marriage with the 
Davis family, which originated' ,11 Wales, and set- 
tled in Oxford, Worcester county, Massachusetts, 



and became one of the prominent families of that 
state. The Smith family, from which Colonel 
Lamb is descended on the maternal side, were 
Scotch-Irish Presbyterians who came from the 
north of Ireland in 1717, and settled in Rutland, 
Worcester county, Massachusetts. Members of this 
family served during the Revolutionary war. 
Among these was George Smith, who was a lieu- 
tenant. 

Albert E. Lamb attended the Worcester high 
school, and completed his education at Yale College, 
at which he was graduated with the class of 1S67. 
He became a teacher in the Vermont University, 
and later in the Norwich (Connecticut) Free Acad- 
emy. He studied law in the same city, and was 
admitted to the Connecticut bar in 1870. In No- 
vember of the same year he came to Brooklyn, and 
wis admitted to the bar of New York in 1871. 
He at once entered upon practice, and in 1876 he 
became junior partner in the law firm of Condit 
& Lamb, and this association was maintained until 
1S81. In the latter year he became a partner with 
Hon. Jesse Johnson, in the firm of Johnson & Lamb, 
which existed until 1897, when the style of the firm 
was changed to that of Lamb & Johnson. In May, 
1000. Mr. Johnson retired, and since that time Col- 
onel Lamb has practiced alone. During bis long 
practice, covering a period of more than a quarter 
of a century, be has given much of bis attention 
to the trial of important cases, and is recognized as 
one of the most capable and successful jury lawyers 
111 Greater New York. His excellent character, 
scholarly attainments and marked ability have, 
throughout his career, commanded the respect and 
admiration of the bench and bar. 

Colonel Lamb was for several years deeply in- 
terested in the National Guard of the state of New 
York. He rendered efficient service in the capacity 
of judge advocate on the staff of General James 
Jourdan. commanding the Second Division, and on 
the staff of bis successors. General C. T. Chris- 
tensen and General Edward L. Mobneaux. He has 
never been an aspirant for political honors, but his 
peculiar capabilities led to his appointment as at- 
torney for the police and excise commissioner un- 
der the administration of Mayor Setb Low. in 1892, 
ami is attorney for the board of park commis- 
sioners, during the term of Commissioner Frank 
Squires. He is a member of the Brooklyn Bar 
Association, a charter member of th - Montauk Club, 
the Brooklyn Club and a member of tin- New 
England Societies of New York and Brooklyn, and 
is connected with various professional and social 
organizations. In bis political principles be is a 
Republican. 





2ZW* 



HISTORY OF LOXG ISLAXD. 



Colonel Lamb was married, April 16. 1879, to 
Miss Annie Louise Kendall, a native of Brooklyn 
and a daughter of the Hon. William B. and Harriot 
M. (Fay) Kendall, formerly of Massachusetts \ 
daughter, Grace Fay Lamb, was born of this mar- 
riage, August 16, 1887, and two sons are deceased. 
The family residence is in Brooklyn. 

GEORGE C. M. TRIESCHMAXX. 

In the old historical city of Ffomberg, near Frank- 
fort, on the river Main, in Germany, occurred the 
birth of George Carl Martin Trieschmann, his natal 
day being September 14, 1827. His parents were 
Henry and Margaretta (Volk) Trieschmann. and 
unto them were born seven children who reached 
mature years, while six came to America, one 
daughter, Catherine, dying in her native land. The 
father was a man well learned and was quite in- 
fluential in the affairs of his town. He was a cab- 
inet-maker by trade and for some years followed 
that pursuit. He exercised strong influence in pub- 
lic thought and opinion, and was a leading advocate 
for independent self government in the German 
states. He became widely known and was recognized 
as a public speaker of ability, taking an active part 
in all the political demonstrations during the period 
of his residence in Homberg. During the revolution 
of 1832-3 the authorities contemplated the arrest of 
Mr. Trieschmann and a number of others, who were 
his friends and supporters, but he was warned of 
the purpose of the government officials and made 
good his escape through the assistance of some of 
his loyal followers. Recognizing the fact that his 
freedom and liberty were in peril, he decided to seek 
a home in the United States, whose government wis 
in accordance with his ideas. Accordingly he made 
his way to one of the north German seaport- and 
took pas-age on a sailing vessel b mnd * >r New 
York city, where he landed in safety aftei .. long 
and tedious voyage. He had been here only a short 
time when he wrote for his family to join him. and 
they accordingly made arrangements to -ail for the 
new world. When their preparations were com- 
pleted the mother and her six children boarded .1 
vessel at Bremen Haven, the good ship Charlotta, 
and after forty-two days reached the harbor of New 
York, in the month of July. 1836, there being met 
by the husband and father. They took up their 
abode in New York city. wh«_re he -pent his remain- 
ing days, passing away July 10. 1870 Hi- wife died 
in the month of September, 1854. They were worthy 
and consistent Christian peopL:, and the father 
frequently filled the pulpit of the Second Lutheran 
church, of Xew York city, through the absence of 
the regular pastor. This worthy couple became the 



parents of the following children: John Teter, who 
was a graduate of the University of Grettingen, Ger- 
many, and for many years practiced law in New 
York city, was married and had a daughter, Louisa; 
Martin, a resident of Xew York city, married and 
had a family of sons and daughters; George C. M. 
was the next of the family, and was followed by 
Conrad; Christianna became the wife of Henry 
Becker and had a family; Sophia became the wife 
of John W. Miller, who was the founder of the 
Ottilia Orphans' Home, of East Williamsburg, which 
institution was named in honor of their daughter. 
Ottilia, who died when about twenty-five years of 
age. She was the wife of Dr. August Seibert, of 
Xew York city. 

Mr. Trieschmann. whose name introduces this re- 
view, acquired his early mental training in his native 
city, and after his arrival in this country continued 
his studies in public school Xo. 14. of Xew York. 
In his fourteenth year he was apprenticed to learn 
the cabinet-making trade under the direction of his 
father, and followed that pursuit for some time. 
Wishing to see more of the country and hoping to 
improve his financial condition in the west, he went 
to California, in 1852, by way of the Nicaragua rout :, 
remaining on the Pacific slope nearly two years, dur- 
ing which time iie engaged in prospecting and min- 
ing for gold. He then returned to the Empire state, 
where he worked at his trade for some time, and in 
187;, he entered into partner-hip with Piatt C. Inger- 
soll. They engaged in the furniture manufacturing 
business in the Seventeenth ward of Brooklyn, under 
the firm name of P. C. Ingersoll & Company, and 
the connection was continued until 1875, when Mr. 
Trieschmann disposed of his interest and engaged in 
building and contracting in the Twenty- -event h 
ward. There he erected many fine dwellings and 
has !■' 1 -me n cogni; ed a- one of the most 
and prominent bulkier- of the eastern district. Since 
1892, however, he has practically lived retired, giving 
his attention only to the management and care of 
his real-estate interests. 

During the war of the Rebellion he was ordered 
out with his company for immediate service, being a 
member of the Sixth Regiment of the Xew York. 
State Militia. He is now an active member of 
\le mi Lodge, No. 20, F, & A. M., of New ,York, and 
tli, I 011^ Island Lodge. Xo. 219, K. of II.. of 
Brooklyn. During bis residence in the Twenty-sev- 
enth ward of the city he has taken an active interest 
in public affairs, supporting all enterprises that have 
contributed to the welfare and good of the com- 
munity. He was married in Xew York city, at the 
Church of the Holy Redeemer, on Third street, to 
Miss Elizabeth Frey, a daughter of John and Eliza 
belli Frey, and unto them were horn the following 



90 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



children : John, who is married and resides in Brook- 
lyn ; Mrs. Mary Price: Mrs. Elizabeth Lamp, of 
Brooklyn: Charles A.; Clement: Henry Alfred; and 
Matilda. The mother passed away in 1882, and for 
his second wife Mr. Trieschmann married Magdalena 
Sexauer, and by this union had two children. Ben- 
jamin Franklin and Frederick Allan. The mother 
of these children died October 20, 1S94. For his 
third wife Mr. Trieschmann chose Miss Emily Seig- 
ler, a daughter of William and Fredrica Seigler. 
They now have one child. George Carl. The fam- 
ily are attendants of the Lutheran church. In 187; 
Mr. Trieschmann \va- a candidate for the office of 
alderman of the old Eighteenth ward on the Demo- 
cratic ticket. He had been a delegate to the state 
convention in 1871, and has served as a member of 
the county general committee of Kings county, and 
as a delegate to numerous county nominating con- 
ventions. The fitting reward of a well spent and 
active business career is an honorable retirement 
from labor, and this has been vouchsafed Mr. 
Trieschmann, who through the active affairs of life 
acquired a handsome competence. His rest is well 
earned, and to him is justly accorded a position 
among the substantial and leading men of hi- sec- 
tion of Brooklyn. 

LAMBERT VAX BATENBERG CAMERON. 



Among the prominent business men of Xew York 
city who make their residence in Brooklyn, and take 
an active interest in the public affairs and general 
welfare of that community, is Lambert Van Baten- 
berg Cameron, senior member of the well known 
firm of L. V. B. Cameron & Company, sugar brokers, 
at No. 121 Front street. Manhattan. 

His parents were Donald and Isabella Catherine 
(Groves) I ameron, the former named now deceased, 
and the latter named a resident of Brooklyn. Donald 
Cameron was born, in 1808, in the colony of Berbice, 
Dutch Guiana, where his maternal grandfather, Abra- 
ham Jacob Wan Batenberg, was governor under the 
Dutch government from 1789 to 1796, and under 
English rule thereafter until 1802. At an early age 
Mr. Cameron went to Inverness, in the Highlands 
of Scotland, where he received his early education, 
d inci d in truction in schools in 
Edinburgh and London. At the early age of seven- 
teen ■ . ai In lefl home to engage in mercantile pur 
suits. In 1855 he came to the United State,, one of 
1 dm ation of his children. 
Soo„ after hi anna] he entered the employ of John 
M. Smith & Company, of New York city, as confi- 
dential clert and I I ' • ■ p. r. Three years later he be- 
came a member of the firm of John M. Smith, Son & 



Company, then among the largest provision shippers 
between New York and the West Indies. In 1SS4 
was organized the firm of D. & D. S. Cameron, the 
eldest son of Mr. Cameron being the junior partner, 
and this existed until after the death of the elder 
Cameron, which occurred July 31, 1888. 

At the time of his death, Donald Cameron was 
one of the oldest members of the New York Produce 
Exchange. He was for many years an active mem- 
ber in St. Peter's Protestant Episcopal church, in 
which he was for seventeen years a vestryman, and 
be was also active in the Sunday-school work of the 
church. During his later years he was a member of 
St. Luke's church, of the same denomination. His 
tastes were domestic, and aside from his business his 
attention was devoted to his family. 

Mr. Cameron married Isabella Catherine Groves, 
and to them were born eleven children : Isabella 
Kate, who married Cornelius Eldert, of Brooklyn, 
second vice president of the Atlantic Mutual Insur- 
ance Company ; Donald Stuart, who married Alice 
Katherine Cary; Henry Groves, who, when twenty 
years of age, a junior in Trinity College, Hartford, 
was drowned while training as a member of the col- 
lege boat crew; Lambert Van Batenberg. before 
named; William Fox, of the firm of Cameron & 
Greenley, of New York, who married Laura Smith 
and resides in Brooklyn ; the Rev. James Innes Hayes 
Cameron, a clergyman of the Protestant Episcopal 
church, residing in Tenafly, New Jersey: Miss Grace 
A. Cameron: the Rev. Lewis Cameron, who married 
Helen Rhinelander, and is rector of the church or 
the Holy Communion at South Orange. New Jersey; 
Alice Paddock, who married Dr. William C. Brais- 
lin. of Brooklyn; Gordon, who is in the publishing 
business, married Ada Cutler, and resides in Brook- 
lyn ; and Edith, who married Harry A. Graham 
Driscoll, a commercial traveler residing in South 
Orange, New Jersey. 

Lambert Van Batenberg Cameron, second of the 
surviving sons of Donald Cameron, was born in 
Brooklyn. September 9, 1856. His early education 
was acquired in the public schools of his native 
place, and he studied the higher branches at Hel- 
muth College, London, Canada. When eighteen 
years of age he entered upon mercantile pursuits, 
and in 1SS0 he aided in establishing the firm of which 
he is the present head and manager. The principal 
business of the house is sugar brokerage, with large 
dealings in coffees, teas, syrups, etc. 

Mr. Cameron has long been active in support of 
the Protestant Episcopal establishment and of its 
benevolent causes. In 18S3 he became a member of 
St. Stephen's church. Milburn, New Jersey, and he 
was soon afterward elected to the vestry. On his 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



91 



removal to Brooklyn, in 1888, he became connected 
with St. Luke's church, and was afterward chosen a 
vestryman. He was for some time treasurer of St. 
Martha's Home for Incurables. He is a member of 
Commonwealth Lodge, No. 302, F. cc A. M. ; of New 
York Council of the Royal Arcanum ; and of the 
Brooklyn Apollo and Brooklyn Church Clubs. He 
has habitually affiliated with the Republican party, to 
which he has devoted much useful service, without 
thought or ambition for personal preferment. 

Mr. Cameron was united in marriage with Miss 
Lily Dupuy Drisler, daughter of Henry Drisler, of 
Brooklyn, November 22, 1901. the officiating clergy- 
man being Mr. Cameron's brother, the Rev. Lewis 
Cameron, of South Orange. New Jersey. 

A. ANDREW WEMMELL, M. D. 

Dr. A. Andrew Wemmell, who is engaged in the 
practice of medicine in Brooklyn, his office being 
located at No. 2600 Atlantic avenue, was born in 
New York city, September 11, 1S44. and is a repre- 
sentative of one of the oldest families of the Em- 
pire state. The first ancestor of the name in Amer- 
ica crossed the Atlantic in August, 1684, settling 
in New Amsterdam on Manhattan Island. Some of 
his descendants were valiant soldiers of the Revolu- 
tionary war, the war of 1812 and the Mexican war. 
and the family has been noted for longevity. The 
grandparents of the Doctor were Charles Frederick 
and Sophia Magdalene (Pietch) Wemmell. and his 
father was Andrew A. Wemmell, for many years 
a prominent figure in the commercial life of New- 
York city. He came to Brooklyn in 1845. and for 
three decades was a prominent and popular resident 
of the eastern district. A devoted member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, he was also an ex- 
emplary representative of the Masonic fraternity, : a 
which his standing was high. He was a man of 
commanding abilities and magnificent personality, and 
was a moralist of the highest type of honor and sa- 
gacity. His death occurred in 1874. His wife, who 
bore the maiden name of Ann Eliza DeGroff, was a 
daughter of Robert and Jane (Giles I DeGroff, the 
former a native of New York city and a descendant 
of Peter DeGroff, who was the first of the family 
to seek a home in the new world. He was a native 
of France, and belonged to a family of rank. Among 
his descendants were also those whose love "f liberty 
prompted their service in the war for independence, 
and like the Wemmell family the DeGroffs attained 
to advanced ages. Mrs. Wemmell departed this life 
in 1885. By her marriage she became the mother 
of twelve children, of whom four daughters and two 
sons are yet living. The brother of our subject is 
the manager of the Merritt and Foote estates, of 



New York city, and is regarded ;h a man of superior 
business ability. 

In the public schools Dr. Wemmell acquired his 
early education, which w-as supplemented by study in 
the Warwick Institute. His professional knowledge 
was acquired in the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons of New York city, the Homeopathic College 
and the Eclectic Medical College, and from the last 
named he was graduated in the class of 1S75. He- 
then began practice in East New York, and from the 
beginning has enjoyed a large and constantly grow- 
ing patronage. He makes a specialty of diseases of 
the kidneys and his patients come to him from all 
seen.. lis of the United States. He was the founder 
of the Twenty-sixth Ward Hospital and Dispensary, 
and for a number of years he has been surgeon of' 
the Long Island Railroad, and for eight years he has 
been United States pension examiner. His success 
as a painstaking and progressive physician brought 
upon him the honor of being appointed health officer 
for Fast New York, police surgeon and register of 
vital statistics, school trustee, trustee of the East 
New York Savings Bank, and medical examiner for 
a number of life insurance companies and societies. 
He belongs to the Medical Society of the County of 
Kings and keeps in touch with the most advanced 
thought of the profession. 

On the 25th of November, 1875, the Doctor was 
married to Sarah R. Johnson, a daughter of Richard 
and Elizabeth (Hampton) Johnson, and a member of 
one of the oldest families of Pennsylvania. Three 
children have been born unto them: Charles F., 
Alexander A. and Grace, the wife of Henry Remsen 
Hazard, of Brooklyn. 

\t the time of the Civil war the Doctor, then 
only in his seventeenth year, manifested his loyalty 
to bis country by enlisting, in 1802. as a member of 
the Forty-seventh Regiment of New York Volun- 
teers, and was wounded at the battle of Gettysburg. 
He is now a member of George C. Strong Post, No. 
534, G. A. R.. and also belongs to the Society of the 
Army of the Potomac. He holds membership rela- 
tions with the Masons and the Knights of Pythias, is 
a Quaker in religious faith, and is regarded a- a 
leading citizen of his community, where all who 
know him respect him highly. 



NELSON L. NORT] 



Tr., M. D. 



Dr. Nelson L. North. Jr., wits born in Brooklyn, 
April 20, 1865, and is a son of Dr. Nelson L. and 
Susanne 1 Brown ) North, the former an esteemed 
member of the medical fraternity. Our subject was 
educate. 1 in the public schools of Brooklyn and in 
the Polytechnic Institute, and prepared for the med- 
ical profession in the College of Physicians and 



'92 



HISTORY OF LOXG ISLAND. 



Surgeons of Columbia University, of New York, 
-where he was graduated with the class of 1886. He 
at once established an office in Brooklyn, and for four 
years thereafter was engaged in general practice, but 
gradually his energies concentrated upon the depart- 
ment concerning the treatment of the eye and ear, 
and for the pa-t eleven years he has devoted his 
energies exclusively to that line and is recognized as 
an expert whose pronounced ability has gained him 
a very enviable and extended reputation. Since 1SS9 
he has resided in a pleasant In .me at No. 118 Hooper 
street. He has written a number of professional 
papers which were read before the various medical 
societies and subsequently published. He has been 
surgeon of the Brooklyn Eye and Ear Hospital since 
1893, and consulting ophthalmological surgeon to the 
Williamsburg Hospital since its establishment. He 
hold- membership relations with the Medical Society 
ot" the County of Kings: the Kings County Medical 
Association; the Long Island Medical Society: the 
Associated Physicians of Long Island: the New 
York State Medical Association ; and the Physicians' 
Mutual Aid Association of New York. 

The Doctor was united in marriage. April 25. 18S9, 
to Mi-- .Margaret Emma Brown, daughter of the late 
Dr. H. Brown, of Brooklyn, and they have three 
children: Sidney Edwin. Miriam Emma and Nel- 
son L. (3rd). The Doctor and his wife are mem- 
bers of St. John's Methodist Episcopal church. He 
also belongs to the Nineteenth Ward Republican As- 
sociation and the Young Republican Club. He is a 
director m the Young Men's Christian Association. 
and takes an active interest in all that pertains to the 
public welfare, whether it be along political, social, 
intellectual or moral lines. 

WILLIAM M. RAMSDELL, D. D. S. 

William Martin Ramsdell, one of the lea. ling 
members of the dental profession in Brooklyn, was 
born in Montpelier. Vermont, ..11 the 14th of Novem- 
ber, 1851, a -,.n of ll..,-a C e B. and Lucretia (Holt) 
Ramsdell. Our subject received his early education 
in the public schools of his native town. Early in 
lif' he began preparing himself for a pr 1 

ginning a systematic study of dentistry un- 
der the mm ..„ ..f the late Dr. 1 Irlando 1' Forbush, 
of Montpelier, \ ermont, one of the ablest and most 
widely known dentists in northern New England, 111 
[874, with whoin he remained a a -Indent for three 
yeai \n. . . ompleting In- studies under the aus- 
pii • of Di LA. u li. I >r Ram d. II located in West 
Randolph, Vermont, where he 1 mained tl 
in the active practice of hi- profession. Desiring a 
larger field of labor, he then cam.- I.. Brooklyn and 
associated himself with Dr. Charles I). Cook, a prom- 



inent dentist of this city, with whom he remained in 
pleasant business relations for two years, a portion 
of which time was spent in pursuing a course of 
study in the Indiana Dental College, at Indianapolis, 
in which institution he was graduated in 1882. In 
that year Dr. Ramsdell began the practice of his 
chosen profession on his own account in Brooklyn, 
and has succeeded in building up a large and lucra- 
tive practice. He is a member of the Brooklyn 
Dental Society, the Second District Dental Society 
of the State of New York and the Brooklyn Society 
of Vermonters. 

Dr. Ram-dell was married in Montpelier, Ver- 
mont, September 2. 1879. to Ida P. Hill, a daughter 
of Lorenzo D. and Nancy (Frost) Hill. To this un- 
ion were born two children, but both passed away in 
infancy. Dr. Ramsdell well deserves mention 
among Brooklyn's most prominent dental practition- 
ers and among her representative citizens. His life 
has 'been manly, his actions sincere, his manner un- 
affected and his example is well worthy of emula- 



hugh Mclaughlin. 

The general recognition of ex-Register Hugh 
McLaughlin as a Democratic leader was almost 
coincident with his first active participation in local 
politics. He came upon the field at a time when 
the labor element of the party, owing to the famine 
in Ireland and the European uprisings of 1848. 
had been largely augmented by immigration, and 
his vocations had brought him into intimate rela- 
tions with the working population, among whom lie 
had a wide acquaintance. His universally acknowl- 
edged industry, ability and integrity, together with 
the reputation of "always keeping his promise,'' 
constituted a very important factor of that repre- 
sentative position to which he so quickly attained. 
The old leaders saw in him a valuable agent through 
whom to influence the labor vote, and he was solic- 
ited to participate in the work of the organization; 
hut when he made his first appearance in a con- 
vention he found that it was himself, not his sen- 
iors, whom his friends desired to support and serve. 
Rivals among the old leaders solicited his co-opera- 
tion, and the fact of his influence was forced upon 
him; but this did not turn his head, although to his 
sagacity in equally balancing contending claims, and 
treating all comers with equal courtesy and honesty, 
his attainment and long-continued occupancy of the 
position of commander-in-chief of the King- County 
Democracy is due. 

Mr. McLaughlin is a man of very few word-; 
he listens, observes, thinks and then acts. He rare- 
ly adopts any course until he has heard all that can 




o^^I fa ^^M>- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



93 



be said on all sides of a question. Well intended 
advice always receives courteous attention from 
him; in fact, he welcomes it from those whom he 
deems informed upon what they speak, and in the 
councils of his party there is no better listener nor 
a more silent man than he. Despite the warring of 
factions, petty local dissensions, national or state 
party differences, he maintains his place, a trusted 
leader, the structure of whose reputation and posi- 
tion is based upon the belief of both opponents 
and allies that "his word is as good as his bond." 
In private life Mr. McLaughlin is retiring and un- 
assuming, but is an interesting person to meet. He 
is a man of domestic tastes, temperate in all things, 
his benefactions to the poor and to religious and 
other institutions are liberally but unostentatiously 
bestowed, and not a few have cause to gratefully 
remember his private charities. 

Hugh McLaughlin was born in 1825, on Furman 
street (then called Everett street), this city. His 
father, who came to the United States in 1S10, and 
helped build the Fort Greene earthwork in 1S12, was 
a lighterman, and through his industry and thrift 
owned the home in which the family lived, the foot 
of the Heights. Subsequently the elder McLaugh- 
lin purchased property at the corner of Jay and Con- 
cord streets, upon which he erected a new dwelling, 
the building long known as the "White House," 
which was for many years locally prominent as a 
political headquarters. In this house the father died 
in 1835. and shortly afterward Hugh, who was then 
only ten years of age, began to earn his own living 
by working on his brother's lighter-boat. When 
thirteen years of age he was apprenticed to Thursby 
& Company, rope-manufacturers in Bushwick. Four 
years later Mr. McLaughlin and one of his elder 
brothers became partners in the fish business in 
the old market on Atlantic avenue, and when the 
new Atlantic market was built they opened a stand 
in it. On the death of his brother, Mr. Mc- 
Laughlin continued the business, and it was not long 
before he was the' principal dealer in the market. 
There Mr. McLaughlin remained until about 1854, 
when, shortly after the consolidation of Brooklyn, 
Williamsburg and Bushwick, he retired from the 
business, with a bank account of over ten thousand 
dollars. He had for some time been constantly 
importuned by his numerous friends and associates 
to take a deeper interest in the management of tin' 
political affairs of the city. The leadership of the 
Democratic party was then largely in control of 
Messrs. Lott, Murphy and Vanderbilt, a legal firm 
prominent in party management. Mr. McLaughb'n 
then being young, vigorous and popular with the 
young men of that day, was urged to the front by 
them to look after their interests and obtain for 



them that recognition of their services to which 
they believed they were entitled. Some time elapsed 
before he consented, but he finally acceded to their 
requests. 

In 1856 and 1857 there were two factions in the 
party: one was styled the "Vanderbilt faction," 
composed of the old timers of that day; the other 
was the "Bradley faction," which took its name 
from Daniel Bradley, who was president. The lat- 
ter faction worked in sympathy with Hugh Mc- 
Laughlin, and was according to usage the regular 
organization of the party. The rivalry between the 
factions resulted in a contested delegation from 
Kings county to the state convention of 1857. The 
Bradley (or McLaughlin) delegation having been 
admitted to the convention, was designated as the 
regular delegation of the county. Previous to this, 
in 1855, George Taylor was elected to congress, and 
Mr. McLaughlin, through Mr. Taylor's influence, 
was appointed a foreman in the Brooklyn navy 
yard. In 1858 Mr. Taylor came up for re-election, 
but the Vanderbilt wing of the party nominated 
E. C. Litchfield against him, which resulted in an- 
other split and James Humphrey, the Republican 
candidate, was elected. Mr. McLaughlin was se- 
lected in 1S60 as one of the delegates to the Na- 
tional Democratic convention, which met at Charles- 
ton, S. C. He was subsequently nominated in the 
same year for the office of sheriff. The Vander- 
bilt wing of the Democratic party nominated John 
McNamee as candidate against him, causing a split 
in the party, whereby Anthony F. Campbell, a Re- 
publican, was elected. 

Then the Civil war began and party lines were 
not so tightly drawn as before. Previous to the 
election of 1861, a call was issued from prominent 
citizens of the city, without respect to party affilia- 
tions, for a union ticket. A meeting was held on 
Fort Greene to further the object in question, and 
Mr. McLaughlin was unanimously nominated for the 
office of register of Kings county, and was triumph- 
antly elected. He was re-elected in 1864. In 18O7 
he was renominated for the third time, but was de- 
feated by Charles Schurig by a small majority. In 
1870 Mr. McLaughlin was again nominated for the 
office of register, and was elected over Benjamin 
Wilson, Republican, by more than twelve thousand 
majority. At the end of ibis term Mr. McLaugh- 
lin retired to private life, and has never since been 
a candidate for office. He has, however, continued 
to take active interest in all public affairs, and his 
influence in the Democratic party has been so great 
that he has for over thirty years been the recognized 
leader of the party in Kings county, being popularly 
known as "Boss McLaughlin." In fact, his po- 
litical strength has been of such extent that it has 



94 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



often controlled decision in state politics, and he 
has been one of the powers to be reckoned with in 
national campaigns. 

To Mr. McLaughlin belongs the distinction of 
having been the first political "boss." In the early 
part of his political career, while occupying his posi- 
tion in the navy yard, he was known as the "Boss," 
that term being then almost universally used to 
designate a foreman. When he left the navy yard 
and entered more fully the field of politics, this title 
clung to him : and not only does it cling to him still 
but political leaders also all over the United States, 
who have attained unusual prominence, have as- 
sumed, by imitation, the sobriquet of which Mr. 
McLaughlin was the original. Being thus known 
for so many years, the later generation, in many in- 
stance-, are not aware that to Mr. McLaughlin and 
his old-time friends the title bears other than a 
political significance. 

Mr. McLaughlin's parents were Hugh and Grace 
(McLaughlin) McLaughlin, and they had ten chil- 
dren: Susan, who married John McLaughlin; 
Margaret, who married Patrick McLaughlin: Pat- 
rick: James; Luke; Nancy, who married a Mr. 
Ames, and later Maurice Fitzgerald; Cornelius and 
Hugh. Two others died in childhood. Mrs. Fitz- 
gerald, who resided in Brooklyn for many years, 
was a well-read lady, of fine character, and was 
frequently a valuable adviser of Mr. McLaughlin 
in matters of importance. All of Mr. McLaugh- 
lin's brothers are deceased, and none of them leaving 
male issue, lie is the last of the name of his family. 

September n, 1862, Mr. McLaughlin married 
Miss Sarah Ellen Kays, daughter of Martin Ryer- 
son and Mary Ann (Dusenberry) Kays, of Lafay- 
ette, Sussex county, New Jersey. Mr. Kays owned 
and operated a large farm end slate quarry, and 
was one of the most prominent men in that section 
lie. He had ten children, all of whom 
reached advanced age. 

His father, John Kays, was a native of Scot- 
land, coming to this country when two years of age. 
He learned 'lie weaver's trade and followed it until 
his death, at the advanced age f ninety-one years. 

There is no more charitable lady in the city of 
Brooklyn than Mrs. McLaughlin. In 1870 she be- 
came identified with the Ladies' Aid Association 
■ if St. Mary's Hospital, of which she was appointed 
a directress by the Bishop of the Long Island dio- 
ce 1 She continued in that capacity until 1898, 
when upon reorganization "i Mir Association, she 
was elected president. After serving two years, and 
declining re-election, she was made, and Mill con- 
tinues, honorary president. J Hiring her long con- 
nection with the hospital she personally secured to 
it donations to the amount of $50,000, not including 



her valuable work in the promotion of fairs and 
garden parties. She was also for several years 
conected with the Newsboys' Home, much to the 
advantage of that institution. During the Colum- 
bian Exposition, Mrs. McLaughlin was a member of 
the philanthropic committee for Brooklyn, in which 
she took an active interest. 

To Mr. and Mrs. McLaughlin were born four 
children. Hugh Harvey died, aged fourteen years; 
Mary Grace died, aged two years ; Helen A., wdio 
is the wife of William C. Courtney, assistant dis- 
trict attorney of Kings county ; and Laura Josephine, 
who married James A. Roach, M. D. 

Since occupying their Remsen street home, Mrs. 
McLaughlin has frequently attended the church of 
St. Charles Borromeo, but Mr. McLaughlin is still 
a regular attendant of the St. James Pro-Cathedral, 
the church of his earlier days. 

In Mr. McLaughlin's luxurious home are many 
fine tokens of regard which have come to him as 
testimonials of friendship during his long and use- 
ful career, as well as many rarities of his own 
selection. One of his most cherished possessions 
is a large bronze medallion of the late Cardinal 
McCloskey. It is the third one made, the first going 
to His Holiness, Pope Pius IX, the second to the 
cardinal himself, and the next one to Mr. Mc- 
Laughlin, 

During the past few years Mr. McLaughlin and 
his family have passed the winters in the south. 
He has traveled extensively in the United States, 
but could never be induced to cross the ocean. Mrs. 
McLaughlin has been even a greater traveler than 
her husband, and has among her pleasant early 
recollections a trip from her home in New Jersey 
to a distant part of Ohio, before the advent of 
railroads. 

EDWIN B. HAVENS. 

It is the enterprise and character of the citizen 
that enrich and ennoble the commonwealth. From 
individual enterprise has sprung all the splendor and 
importance of the land. The greatest merchants have 
developed from the humblest origins and from clerk- 
ships have emerged men who have built great enter- 
prises and promoted the commercial activity of the 
country. America is a self-made country and those 
who have created it are self-made men. No in- 
fluence of birth or fortune has favored the architects 
of her glory. Among those who have achieved prom- 
inence as men of marked ability and substantial 
worth in Long Island is the subject of this sketch, 
Edwin B. Havens, who occupies a prominent position 
in financial circles, being a well known banker and 
broker of New York. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



In the early period of colonial development in the 
new world the Havens family was founded in Amer- 
ica by William Havens, a native of Wales, who 
crossed the Atlantic and took up his abode in Con- 
anticut, Rhode Island, in 1635. Among his children 
was George Havens, the first of the name to settle 
on Long Island, where, in 169S. he purchased a tract 
of land of one thousand acres. He was a man of 
considerable wealth, and was prominent in public 
affairs at that early day. He married and one of 
his descendants in the second generation was Joseph 
C. Havens, the father of our subject. He was born 
March 16, 1804, and for a number of years he en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits in Suffolk county. A 
progressive spirit and unfaltering energy were num- 
bered among his salient characteristics and led to the 
acquirement of a comfortable home, at Orient, Suf- 
folk county, where he spent the remaining years of 
his life, dying on the 20th of August, 1892. He was 
regarded by his friends, neighbors and business ac- 
quaintances as a conscientious and straightforward 
man in all the relations of life, and everywhere be 
went he commanded the confidence and regard of 
those with whom he was associated. His wife, who 
bore the maiden name of Hannah Brown, was a 
daughter of Peter and Phoebe Brown, both of whom 
were descended from old Long Island families. Mrs. 
Havens was born September 22. 1S07, and died 
January 31, 18S8. Like her husband she attained ad- 
vanced age. Both were consistent Christian people, 
and amid refining influences of a good home, Edwin 
B. Havens, their only child, was reared. 

Our subject was born at Orient, Suffolk county, 
where he pursued his education in the public schools. 
At the age of sixteen he started out to make his own 
way in the world and secured employment in the 
coasting trade. For two years he followed a sea- 
faring life, but that occupation did not afford him the 
opportunities he desired lor acquiring information 
and practical knowledge which would enable him to 
rise in the business world and win prominence. Ac- 
cordingly he secured a situation in the office of the 
Republican Watchman, learning the printer's trade, 
where he remained for a year, after which he en- 
tered the service of the firm of Lord & Taylor, of 
New York city, as one of the cashiers in their dry 
goods house. He did not find this entirely congenial 
to his tastes, but made a start in a business career, 
for which he demonstrated his entire fitness when 
he secured a clerkship in the office of Richards & 
Keene, bankers and brokers, in Wall street. This 
vocation afforded him the opportunities which he 
longed for and there he mastered the business, both in 
principle and detail, becoming familiar with the busi- 
ness methods and routine of that great financial cen- 
ter which controls trade in this country and has 



marked effects upon the markets of the world. He 
also spent some time in the office of Hatch & Foote, 
bankers and brokers of Wall street, and for three 
years was corresponding clerk in the Mercantile Na- 
tional Bank, of New York city. Thus the young 
financier by his keen discernment and aptitude for 
hiiMiicss acquired a thorough knowledge of the in- 
tricate methods of the brokerage business, and after 
broad experience, covering a period of ten years 
in Wall street, he was, in 1879, elected a member of 
the New York Stock Exchange. He then entered 
upon what has proved a most successful career, his 
clientele representing some of the leading men of 
Greater New York. On the 1st of January, 1899, he 
established an office at No. 10 Wall street, and with 
his son, Frederick J., as a partner, formed the firm 
of E. B. Havens & Company, bankers and brokers. 
Their business has now reached a large volume 
and Mr. Havens has achieved marked success in the 
financial world, his record standing in exemplifica- 
tion of the splendid opportunities which lie before 
men of determination, ambition and correct business 
habits and principles. 

On the oth of October, 1S70, Mr. Havens was 
married to Miss Maria E. Scholes, a daughter of 
Frederick and Anna M. (Boyce) Scholes. Unto 
them have been born three sous, but one died in 
childhood, while Frederick J. . and Charles Scholes 
are both associated in business with their father. 
The family attend the First Reformed church and 
are prominent in social circles in the portion of the 
city in which they make their home. The Havens 
household is well known for its hospitality, and Mr. 
Havens is very prominent in club life, holding mem- 
bership with the Hanover, Crescent and the Atlantic 
Yacht Clubs, of Brooklyn, and the New York Yacht 
Club, lie has gained distinction and won prosperity 
in the business world, and by his good fellowship, 
genial disposition and true worth of character has 
become popular with a large circle of acquaintances, 
many of whom entertain for him warm friendship. 

EZRA W. HOMISTON, M. D. 

Dr. Ezra Warren Homiston was born in Brook- 
lyn June 10, 1S59, and is a son of Joseph Mans- 
field and Caroline (Madden) Homiston, the former 
a native of Great Barrington, Massachusetts, and the 
latter of New York city. The paternal grandfather, 
Jeremiah Homiston, was born in the Bay state, but 
removed to Wisconsin, where he built and gave to 
the village in which he resided the Methodist Epis- 
copal church. He occupied a high position in the 
community and bis influence was a potent element 
for good. The Homiston family is of English 
lineage and was founded in America by the great- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



grandfather of the Doctor, who, with his brother, 
came from England to the United States before the 
beginning of the nineteenth century and located in 
Great Barrington. Joseph Mansfield Homiston, the 
Doctor's father, was a graduate of Yale College, his 
course of study there including medicine. After 
leaving the classic walls of that institution he es- 
tablished himself in practice in Brooklyn, in 1854, 
and afterward was made surgeon of the Fourteenth 
Regiment of the Xew York National Guard. With 
that command he entered the service of the United 
States on the 21st of May, 1861. holding the rank 
of major. He took part in most of the battles of 
the Army of the Potomac, among them Antietam, 
the Wilderness, Chancellorsville, Fredericksburg, and 
was wounded in the first battle of Bull Run. He 
was taken prisoner and confined for six months 111 
Libby and Charlotteville prisons. He was after- 
ward one of the inspectors of the Army of the 
Potomac and was subsequently commissioned brigade 
surgeon to the Sixteenth New York Cavalry, Thir- 
teenth New York Cavalry and the Second Massa- 
chusetts Cavalry, which was known as the Third 
Provincial Cavalry, a detachment from which cap- 
tured Wilkes Booth after he had assassinated Presi- 
dent Lincoln. In 1866 the Doctor was discharged 
with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, after having 
faithfully performed very efficient service for the 
Union in the line of his profession. 

.Upon his return to Brooklyn Dr. Joseph M. 
Homiston was welcomed by his fellow townsmen 
at an open-air meeting which was tendered him in 
front of the Pierrepont House, upon which occasion 
a medal w^as presented to him by the citizens of 
Brooklyn. He resumed the practice of his profes- 
sion, his office being located at the corner of Sands 
and Jay streets, where he enjoyed one of the largest 
medical and surgical practices in the city. His pro- 
fessional ability was of a high order and gained him 
a very enviable reputation as an eminent repre- 
sentative of his chosen calling. His association 
with military life did nut end with bis return from 
the war. He became colonel of the Second Division 
of the New York National Guard on General Wood- 
ward's staff, and lie was a valued member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, and of the Loyal 
Legion. Socially he was a Knight Templar Mason, 
and professionally he was connected with several 
medical societies. He died in 1879, at the age of 
fifty years, and is still survived by his widow and 
two children, Ezra Warren and Hal Woodward, 
the latter a journalist of New York city. 

Dr. Ezra Warren Homiston began the acquire- 
ment of his education in the juvenile high school 
and the Polytechnic Institute, and was afterward a 
student in the literary department of the University 



of the State of New York. Subsequently he con- 
tinued his studies in Philips Academy, of Andover,. 
Massachusetts, and having determined to make the 
practice of medicine his life work he matriculated 
and was later graduated in Bellevue Hospital Med- 
ical College, as a member of the class of 1883. 
Soon after securing his degree he located in Brook- 
lyn and from the beginning of his professional 
career success attended his efforts. His equipment 
was unusually good, and his native talent and ac- 
quired ability have enabled him to advance rapidly 
to a foremost place in the ranks of the medical. 
fraternity. He engages in general practice, but gives 
special attention to diseases of the lungs and in this 
specialty is an expert, having made a close study 
of the science pertaining to the treatment of pul- 
monary diseases. He holds membership in the Kings 
County Medical Association. 

On the 28th of June, 1881, occurred the mar- 
riage of Dr. Homiston and Miss Adele M. Bumsted, 
a daughter of the late William Bumsted, of Jersey 
City. They have one son, Joseph M., eighteen years 
of age, who is now making his second tour around 
the world as quartermaster on an Australian vessel. 
Socially the Doctor represents the Knights of St. 
John of Malta, in which he has held several of- 
fices, and his political preference is indicated by his 
membership relations with the Third Ward Repub- 
lican Association. In manner he is free from all 
ostentation and display, but his intrinsic worth is 
recognized and his friendship is most prized by those 
who know him best, showing that his character will 
bear the scrutiny of close acquaintance. He is a 
generous, broad-minded man, a true type of the 
American spirit and an embodiment of that progress 
which in the last few years has drawn to this coun- 
try the admiring gaze of the nations of the world. 

FRANK S. JONES. 

MERCHANT, FINANCIER AND PUBLIC BENEFACTOR. 

When a man achieves permanent success in any 
undertaking it will be found that in the great ma- 
jority of cases it is due to hereditary traits of which 
the man himself may be unconscious. These trails 
may remain dormant for three or four generations 
and be suddenly developed under a favorable en- 
vironment. The early ancestors of Frank S. Jones 
were men of strong character, invincible courage 
and great intellectual endowments. The Colonial 
records of Connecticut show the important part they 
took in establishing civil and religious liberty in 
that colony. 

Colonel John Jones was the immediate ancestor 
of this branch of the Jones family. He was gov- 
ernor of Anglesey, member of parliament from Mes- 



»%&« .. 




QauA S.JLu. 



HISTi )RY OF LONG ISLAND. 



'.IT 



sianetshire,' Wales, colonel in the parliamentary 
army and one of the judges who decided the fate of 
Charles I with Whalley, Goi'fe and others. After 
the restoration of the Stuarts, parliament pardoned 
all who took part in Cromwell's dynasty except the 
board of judges, who were beheaded. Three of 
these, Whalley, Goffe and Doxwell, escaped to 
America, and with them William Jones, the son of 
Colonel John Jones. The latter married a sister - E 
Oliver Cromwell. 

Deputy Governor William Jones, son of Colonel 
John Jones, was born in London in 1624, where he 
became a lawyer of some repute. He married in 
England, July 4. 1659, Hannah Eaton, of the parish 
of St. Andrew Holborn, London, youngest daughter 
of Governor Theophilus Eaton, of the colony of 
Connecticut, New England. He came to America 
the following year and arrived at Boston July 27, 
1660, in the same ship with Whalley and Goffe, and 
brought with hint sons, William and Nathaniel, 
born to him by his first wife. He went immediate- 
ly to New Haven, where he resided with his father- 
in-law, Governor Theophilus Eaton. On the 23 1 
of May he took the oath of fidelity with the follow- 
ing qualifications : "That, whereas, the king hath 
been proclaimed in this colony to be our sovereign, 
and we his loyal subjects, I do take the said oath 
with the subordination to his majesty, hoping his 
majesty will confirm the said government for the ad- 
vancement of Christ's gospel, kingdom and ends in 
this colony upon the foundation already laid; but in 
case of the alteration of the government in the 
fundamentals thereof then to be free from said 
oath." The same day he was admitted freeman, and 
five days afterward at a court of election for the 
jurisdiction he was chosen magistrate. 

In a note of the Rev. John Davenport occurs 
the following: "Sir — I mistook in my letter when 
I said Colonel Whalley, sister Hooke's brother, and 
his son-in-law, wdio is with him, is Colonel Goffe, 
both godly men, and escaped pursuit in England 
narrowly." He had doubtless received this informa- 
tion from Mr. William Jones and his wife, who, 
having crossed the Atlantic in the ship with these 
distinguished strangers, had come to New Haven 
to occupy the mansion which Mrs. Jones had in- 
herited from her father. 

William Jones assisted in secreting the regicides 
from the king's officers, who were in close pursuit. 
The record states that on Monday. May 13th, Whal- 
ley and Goffe were conducted by Mr. Jones and 
other friends some three miles into the wilderness 
beyond the mill, where, a booth having been con- 
structed, the colonists spent two nights. 
' In May, 1664, Mr. Jones was chosen deputy gov- 
ernor of the colony. When the first meeting house 



was built, "111 the long -rat" were Mr. Jones, Mr. 
John Davenport, Mr. Yale and Mr. William Gib- 
bard, all men of distinction, being seated according 
to their social position. 

In the deed of trust given by the Rev. John 
Davenport, he "confirmed unto Mr. William Jones, 
assistant of the colony of Connecticut," certain 
property stipulated therein. 

Deputy Governor William Jones, by his wife, 
Hannah (Eaton) Jones, had issue: Theophilus, 
born October 2, 1661 : Sarah, bom August 17, 1662; 
Elizabeth, baptized October .2.5, 1664; Samuel, bap- 
tized July 27, 1666; John, born October 4. 1667; 
Devodat, born March 1, 1670; Isaac, born June 21, 
1671 ; and Abigal Rebecca, born November 10. 1679. 
Isaac Jones, seventh child and youngest son of 
Governor William Jones and Hannah Eaton, his 
wife, was born in New Haven. June 21, 1671. He 
moved to Stratford, Connecticut, and married 
Deborah Clark, of that town. He was the founder 
of the Stratford and Stamford branch of the Jones 
family. Their children were Daniel, William, 
Timothy, Mary, Deborah, Isaac, Hannah, Jacob, 
James and Ebenezer. 

Isaac Jones (2d), sixth child of Isaac (1st), was 
born December 23, 1702. His son, John Jones, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Cluxton. Their son, Josiah Jones, 
married Sarah Smith. Their son. Isaac Jones, was 
born at Stamford, Connecticut, November 11, 1794. 
He married Lois Curtis and had issue a- follows: 
Louisa Jane, born January 20. 1S17; Sally Ann, 
born December iS, 1S1S; Isaac S., born July 15, 
1821; Mary Elizabeth, bom May 6, 1824: Daniel 
Cyrus, born -May 14. 1S27; Henrietta, born Novem- 
ber 12. 1S32; Lois A., born December 2, iSj4 : and 
Cornelia Gertrude, born October 10, 1844. Isaac 
S. Jom . son of Isaac and Lois Curtis, was born 
in Stamford, Connecticut, July 15. 1821. He mar- 
ried Frances J. Wood of Pound Ridge, New York, 
111. probably, of the Weed family, of 
Stamford, Connecticut. Their children were Francis 
S., Mary E., Frank S., Cyrus D. and Charles F. 
- a country merchant and a man of some 
importance. He represented his town in the state 
legislature and held other local offices. 

Frank S .Jones, third child of Isaac S. and 
Francis J. (Weed) Jones, was born in Stamford, 
Connecticut, August 19. 1847. He pursued an ordi- 
nary course i.<i study in his native town, and at the 
age of fourteen entered Eastman's Business College, 
Poughkeepsie, New York, at which he was gradu- 
ated in 1862. He soon after entered a .Yew York 
publishing house as assistant book-keeper, and in a 
few years occupied the position of confidential clerk. 
During his ten years experience as an employe of 
this firm, he was laying the foundation for his 



98 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



subsequent achievements. In 1S72 he organized, in 
connection with his brothers, the Grand Union Tea 
Company, one of the largest and most successful 
business enterprises ever started in this country, 
which has grown to enormous proportions with 
branches in most of the leading cities and towns 
throughout the United States, the annual sales reach- 
ing high into the millions of dollars, and employing 
upward of three thousand men. The headquarters 
of this immense business 1- in Brooklyn. Frank 
S. Jones has been president of the company since 
its organization and directs all its operations. He 
and his brother as an individual firm purchase all 
the supplies and furnish all the material for the com- 
pany. They import large quantities of tea, and 
furnish the capital to run a large importing coffee 
business. They own the Anchor Pottery, of Tren- 
ton. New Jersey, the entire output of which is ab- 
sorbed by the Grand Union Tea Company. Air. 
Jones is also connected with a large jewelry manu- 
facturing business at Newark, New Jersey, is vice- 
president of the Sidney Novelty Company and is 
interested in some fifteen or twenty other business 
enterprises. Success has attended his efforts from 
the start, and during the thirty-odd years of his 
business experience the country has passed through 
some of the greatest financial crises ever known. 
and while hundreds in similar enterprises have been 
forced to the "wall," he has steered his bark safely 
through the storm and accumulated a handsome 
fortune. Instead of hoarding it. he has given away 
thousands of dollars for the promotion of re- 
ligious, charitable and benevolent objects, as well 
as for art and science. He has been a large con- 
tributor in the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and 
Sciences. In 1898 he presented to the institute the 
Gebhard geological collection, which contains many 
tin inland specimens representing each of the geolog- 
ical formations from the earliest Silurian to the 
latest Mesozoic tune li required the patient and 
skillful labor of the tun Gebhard brothers and their 
father lief, .re them for nearly half a century to 
make it. It contains very many priceless examples 
of the forms of extinct life from the rocks which 
underlie the state of New York. Professor James 
Hall, New York state geologist, desired to secure 

tl Hi en, .11 for the stale museum several years 

agu and was instrumental in the passage of a bill 
by the legislature in purchasi the collection for 
nine thousand dollars. The bill did not become a 
law, failing in secure executive approval. The col- 
lection was brought in the American Museum of 
Natural History nearly three years ago and was 
placed there mi exhibition. \n offer of three 
thousand dollars was received for the collection 



while it was in New York, but was refused. Pro- 
fessor Charles D. Walcott, chief of the United 
States Geological Survey, in a recent visit to Brook- 
lyn, said that he had offered the Gebhard brothers 
fifteen hundred dollars for the opportunity to pick 
out certain specimens of great value that could not 
be found in duplicate in any other museum. The 
possession in the museum building of the Gebhard 
collection places the museum, so far as its geological 
department is concerned, among the first class 
museums of the country. 

In 1S08 he also presented to the Brooklyn In- 
stitute the entire Netimoegen entomological collec- 
tion. It is one of the finest collections of specimens 
in existence, — the one gathered by the late Berthold 
Netimoegen, — comprising nearly twelve thousand 
separate species of insects and eleven thousand type 
specimens. Mr. Neumoegen, who spent a period of 
twenty years and about forty thousand dollars in 
money in making the collection, had frequently had 
offers of large amounts of money, one time as much 
as thirty-thousand dollars, if he would consent to 
part with his treasures. The collector was in his 
lifetime a well-known entomologist and a business 
man in Manhattan. He was born in Frankfort, 
Germany, and died in New York in 1S94. He 
traveled in all parts of the world in search of his 
specimens. The time, labor and expense laid out 
in labelling, classifying and properly mounting the 
specimens in air-tight drawers were considerable, in 
addition to the money and time spent in getting the 
specimens. Several of them cannot be found in any 
other collection in the world, and no other col- 
lector m America has so many type specimens, i. e., 
those which were the first of their kind to be dis- 
covered, described and named. Many of them cost 
as much as five hundred dollars apiece! — some of 
them much more ! 

Mrs. Rebecca Neumoegen, of Manhattan, owned 
the collection after her husband's death, but it was 
in the custody of the Brooklyn Institute. It was 
Air. Neumoegen's desire that the work of so many 
years of his life should become the property of 
some public institution rather than of a private col- 
lector. The widow could not. however, afford to 
give the collection away, but set an exceedingly low 
price. — seventeen thousand dollars. For this money 
she offered the collection to the Brooklyn Institute. 
For three years the bargain hung tire, as the money 
could lmt he obtained. A letter from Mrs. Neumoe- 
gen, in which' she said that she could not wait any 
longer, and, unless the institute wanted to buy the 
collection at once, she would have to accept one of 
several advantageous European offers, brought the 
officers of the institute to a realization of what thev 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAXD. 



were about to lose. Endeavors to raise the money 
were set on foot, and they resulted in Mr. Jones 
coming forward and offering to give ten thousand 
dollars if that would buy the collection. Mr-. Neu- 
moegen accepted the offer. In 1901 he gave twenty 
thousand dollars to the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation, of Brooklyn, to start a fund for a new 
building for the Bedford branch. In addition to his 
public gifts Mr. Jones has given thousands of 
dollars to private charities and to other objects that 
enlist his sympathies. He uses the same good judg- 
ment and care in the distribution that he has use:! 
in the accumulation of wealth, and makes a thorough 
investigation of every application for aid or as- 
sistance in any direction. His aim is to promote the 
happiness of his fellow man and to do all the good 
he can with the means at his command. 

His various memberships include the New York 
Chamber of Commerce, the Manufacturers' Associa- 
tion of New York, the Board of Wesleyan Uni- 
versity. Middletown. Connecticut, the Brooklyn In- 
stitute of Arts and Sciences, Brooklyn Young Men's 
Christian Association, Brooklyn City Mission and 
Tract Society, Society for the Prevention of Cruelty 
to Children and the Central Congregational church. 
All of the above mentioned public institutions have 
constantly received his financial support. 

While not engaged in politics, he has been from 
the time he polled his first vote an uncompromising 
protectionist, and each year as he has witnessed the 
results of protection in the business prosperity of 
the country he has been more firmly convinced of the 
principles involved in it. 

There is probably nothing that more clearly in- 
dicates the character of the man than his home life 
and surroundings, and in this Mr. Jones has shown 
excellent taste and good judgment. His residence 
on the corner of St. Mark's and New York avenues 
is one of the most imposing as well as one of the 
most beautiful and costly in the city. The lot has 
a frontage of one hundred and fifty feet on St. 
Mark's avenue, with a depth of one hundred and 
fifty feet on New^ York avenue. The style of archi- 
tecture .of the mansion is known as Colonial. The 
materials used are brick with Indiana limestone 
trimmings. The copper cornice and red slate roof 
give additional effect to the coloring. A striking 
feature of the house is the semi-circular bay win- 
dow which extends to the top of the second story. 
The front piazza is supported by groups of four 
stone pillars resting on stone bases. A balustrade 
terrace of stone is carried from the front along the 
west side, covered with a marble mosaic floor. The 
drive-way entrance from St. Mark's avenue passes 
through a magnificent porte cochere of massive and 
elaborate stone foundation, the roof supported by 



stone pillars ami the top forming a beautiful veranda 
enclosed with a balustrade. The grounds are en- 
closed nn the front and west side with a stone 
coping. The beautiful and well kept lawn with a 
few shrubs and trees is an attractive feature of the 
place. It has all the beauty and comfort of a coun- 
try home with the conveniences of a city residence. 
The interior arrangements are very complete. At 
the entrance is the large oval reception room. The 
library on the right is finished in oak. In the rear 
of this is the music room, and further in the rear 
the dining room. The large square hall and stair- 
case are finished in mahogany. In the rear of this 
is Mr. June-,' "den." finished in Flemish oak. with red 
and gold decorations. The five sleeping rooms on 
tin- second floor, with dressing and bath rooms, are 
in perfect harmony witli all the other decorations, 
variety of coloring and shades to suit the furnish- 
ings. Everything indicates good taste with no at- 
tempt at ostentatious display. A fine billiard room 
mi the third floor, equipped with all the latest im- 
provements, affords pleasant recreation and di- 
version from the daily cares and activities of busi- 
ness life. Take it altogether, it is a model home, 
and the bounteous hospitality of the owner has 
brought him into social relations with the best and 
most desirable of Brooklyn society. The neighbor- 
hood is one of the best in the city, the houses being 
nearly all detached and occupied by the owners. 

Mr. Jones married Mary Louisa Granbery. of 
New York, daughter of Henry A. T. Granbery, a 
native of Norfolk. Virginia, and a representative of 
.me of the old well-known families of Virginia, whose 
wife was Prudence Nimmo, a representative of an- 
other old Virginia family. These are both living in 
New York, having passed their ninety-third birth- 
day. The children of Mr. and Mrs. June- are 
Henrietta Louise and Maude Virginia. 

LEMUEL GRANT BALDWIN, M. D. 

Among the prominent representatives of the med- 
i.al profession engaged in practice in Brooklyn is 
Dr. Baldwin, a most eminent gynecologist. He wis 
bom in Lawrenceville, Tioga county. Pennsylvania. 
November 18. 1863, and is a -on of Moses Stephen 
and Mellicent Hall (Wylie ) Baldwin, the former 
al-o a native of Lawrenceville, the latter of Great 
Bend, Pennsylvania. The Doctor's preparatory edu- 
cation was obtained in the high school of his native 
town, and he commenced the study of medicine un- 
der the direction of his sister, Dr. M. E. Baldwin, of 
Newport, Rhode Island. In 1883 be matriculated in 
the medical department of the University of Mich- 
igan, where he remained two years, completing his; 
medical education in the Long Island College Hos- 



LOO 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



pital of Brooklyn, where he was graduated in the 
class of 1886. 

Soon after securing his degree Dr. Baldwin was 
attached to the house staff of St. Peter's Hospital 
of Brooklyn, where lie remained one year. By a 
competitive examination he was then appointed to 
a similar position in the Women's Hospital of the 
State of New York, which position he filled with 
credit to himself and to the satisfaction of his su- 
periors in 1SS7 and 1888. During the following 
two years he served the city of his adoption in the 
surgical department of the Brooklyn Dispensaries. 
During his early practice he was also connected in 
professional capacities with the health department 
of both New York and Brooklyn. 

In 1890 Dr. Baldwin became assistant surgeon 
of St. Peter's Hospital of Brooklyn, continuing 
as such until 1894, since which time he has had 
charge of the gynecological department of that in- 
stitution. He has been gynecologist to the dispen- 
sary of his alma muter since June. 1893, and in 
1S99 became chief of the clinic in that department. 
From 1887 to 1897 he was connected with the out- 
door clinic of the Woman's Hospital of New York, 
and in May, 1899. became consulting gynecologist 
to St. Francis Hospital, Jersey City. The fact that 
Dr. Baldwin has been so rapidly promoted to these 
positions requiring the greatest skill and ability in 
the science and practice of medicine and surgery has 
a double significance. It indicates that he has been 
regarded as especially capable to perform the duties 
of the-e positions, and their performance has been 
to him the best form of higher medical education. 
He enjoys a very extensive practice, the greater 
part of which is that of being called in consultation, 
and this is most unmistakable evidence of his high 
professional standing. In his specialties of gynecol- 
ogy and obstetrics lie has won an enviable reputa- 
tion, and still a comparatively young man he is un- 
doubtedly destined to secure for himself still greater 
renown and to reflect much credit upon the profes- 
sion of his choice. 

Th'' Doctor 1- a member of the Medical Society 
of the County of Kings; the King- County Medical 
: the Hospital Graduates Club of Brook- 
lyn; the Woman's Hospital Society; the Society of 
Medical Jurisprudence; the \\w York Obstetrical 
Society; the New York Stale .Medical Association; 
the American Medical Association; the Brooklyn 
Gynecological S01 i< ty, -1 v hii h he was presidi m in 
1896 and 1X07; and the 1. 01114 Island College Hospit il 
Alumni Association, of which he was president in 
(897 and [898 ll< takes an active interest in the 
workings of all these bodies, and ha- written many 
papei which have been published and highly valued 
by In : bn ithei pi actitionei - Hi also a member 



of the Crescent Athletic Club of Brooklyn and the 
Pennsylvania Society of New York. 

Dr. Baldwin was married, June 14, 1893, to Miss 
Mary Elizabeth Newton, daughter of Isaac Newton, 
of Norwich, New York, and by this union two chil- 
dren were born, Mellicent Wylie and Jeanette New- 
ton, but the latter died at the age of seven and a 
half months. The Doctor and his wife are mem- 
bers of St. Peter's Episcopal church of Brooklyn. 

JOHN DITMAS. 

Among the many families that can boast of long 
and honorable connection with the history of Long 
Island, none is more conspicuous than the Ditmas 
family. The name has appeared conspicuously in 
association with both public and private affairs 
through more than two and a half centuries. The 
line of ancestry is traced from Jan Jansen, who 
came from Ditmarsen, in the Duchy of Holstein, in 
the Netherlands. He married Aaltje Douws, and 
died prior to 1650. In 1647 ne was the occupant 
of a farm at Dutch Kills, in the village of New- 
town, on Long Island. His son, Jan Jansen von 
Ditmarsen. on April 24. 1681, purchased from Gar- 
rett Lubertsen, a farm containing, according to the 
old records, twenty-seven morgens of land in Flat- 
bush, a tract which Lubertsen had acquired from the 
Indians. It was situated on the west side of the 
road, about one-half mile south of the Dutch Re- 
formed church. Later additional purchases of land 
extended the boundaries of this property, a part of 
which is to this day in possession of the heirs of 
Jan Jansen von Ditmarsen. His son, Johannes 
von Ditmarsen, married Jannetje Remsen. and it 
was he who dropped the "von" from the family- 
name. Johannes, son of Johannes and Jannetje 
(Remsen) Ditmarsen, married Lena Wyckoff, May 
17. 1745. and after her death he married Rebecca 
Staats, in 1762. This Johannes Ditmarsen changed 
the family name to its present form, namely, from 
"Ditmarsen" to "Ditmas." 

By his second marriage. Johannes Ditmas (Dit- 
marsen) was father of a son. Abraham, who was 
born February 5, 1765, and died August 13, 1S03. 
Abraham Ditmas married' Jane Suydam, a daughter 
of Hendrick Suydam. by whom he had four chil- 
dren: Maria, who became the wife of Dr. William 
Creed, of Jamaica, Long Island ; Rebecca, who mar- 
ried Theodorus Polhemus, of Brooklyn; Henry S. 
wdro married Ann Sehenck. a daughter of Tunis 
Schenek ; and John. John married, June 26, 1820, 
Sarah Suydam, daughter of Captain Andrew and 
Phebe (Wyckoff) Suydam. and to them were born 
seven children; Andrew Suydam, Jane Gertrude, 



I 



j&F 4^v 








Oh - 



■-^C 




Q^Las^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



101 



Phebe Rebecca, Abraham. Sarah. John and Henry, 
of whom Andrew, Phebe, Abraham and Henry are 
■deceased. 

Among the descendants of this historic line, is the 
subject of this sketch, John Ditmas, of 104 Pierre- 
pont street , Borough of Brooklyn, New York, who 
was the son of John and Sarah (Suydam) Ditmas, 
and grandson of Abraham Ditmas. He was born 
February 22, 1836. on the old homestead farm at 
Flatbush. His education was received at Erasmus 
Hall Academy, which he left well equipped for the 
the active duties of life. Early in young manhood 
he entered the employ of the Atlantic Bank of 
Brooklyn, in a clerical capacity, and he was after- 
ward advanced to the position of cashier. He 
-manifested a peculiar aptitude for financial affairs. 
and recognition of his abilities led him into larger 
•usefulness in that field. Upon the organization of 
the Long Island Safe Deposit Company, he was 
elected secretary and treasurer, and served in that 
capacity until June, 1881, when he retired. From 
that time he has constantly been connected with 
numerous of the most important financial institu- 
tions, and has been recognized as a prominent factor 
in financial circles. At present he is a director of 
the Brooklyn Bank, and displays marked ability in 
the labors of management. He is also a trustee in 
the Hamilton Trust Company and in the Long Isl- 
and Safe Deposit Company, besides being actively 
connected with various other financial houses which 
form important adjuncts to the commercial life of 
the community, and contribute to its constant de- 
velopment. In all these relations he enjoys the 1 m- 
fidence of his business associates as a man of sound 
judgment, keen discernment and marked foresight, 
and his counsel and opinion carry weight in the most 
sagacious financial circles. 

Mr. Ditmas was united in marriage with Miss 
Louise Rhinelander Thorne, a daughter of Dr. John 
Sullivan Thorne, of Brooklyn, and of this union 
was born a daughter, Louise Thorne. The family 
are connected with the Church of the Holy Trinity 
(Protestant Episcopal), of which Mr. Ditmas is a 
vestryman. He is also a member of the Hamilton 
Club, of Brooklyn. His personal qualities are those 
which mark the cultured gentleman, and he enjoys 
the confidence and esteem of all with whom he is 
associated, whether in social affairs or business con- 



JOHN H. DITMAS. 

John H. Ditmas, son of Henry S. and Ann 
(Schenck) Ditmas, and grandson of Abraham Dit- 
mas. whose ancestral history appears in another 



sketch in this work, was born on the old family 
homestead at Flatbush, in September, 1830. He ac- 
quired his education in the schools of his native 
town, and when he put aside his text-books he began 
to earn his living. From 1S47 to 1S57 he was en- 
gaged in the importation of East India g 1 [n 

the latter year he became connected with the Long 
I -land Bank, in which he served acceptably as teller, 
cashier and vice-president. His service in that es- 
tablishment, in various official capacities, extended 
over the long period of some forty year-, and its 
success was attributable in no small degree to his 
efforl \t the present time he occupies the position 
of vice-president of the Flatbush Trust Company. 
lie is an accomplished financier, a man of marked 
business and executive ability, keen sagacity, deter- 
mined purpose and unquestioned integrity, and these 
qualities have earned for him a high degrei of 
sua ess. 

Mr. Ditmas was married in Flatbush to Miss 
Maria Kouwenhoven, daughter of Cornelius and 
Mary ( William- hi 1 Kouwenhoven. Three children 
were born to them, of whom a daughter. Mary K., 
alone survives. Two sons, each named Henry, died 
in early life. The family occupy a leading position 
in social circles, and enjoy the cordial friendship of 
many of the best families in their section of Brook- 
lyn, their residence. Mr. Ditmas is connected 
with the Dutch Reformed church of Flatbush, of 
which he has been treasurer for a -core of years, 
lie has taken an active part in everything pertain- 
ing to the upbuilding of the community, and has 
ever been a liberal contributor to those enterprises 
which are for its progress and prosperity. Hi- -ir- 
ccss in life has been entirely due to his industry 
an 1 integrity, and hi- career is a living illustration 
of what ability, energy and force of character can 
accomplish. It is to such men that the country 
owe, it- present proud position in all its wonderful 
development. 

FREDERICK D. CRAWFORD, M. D. 

The world has little use for the misanthrope. 
The universal truth of brotherhood is widely rec- 
ognized, also that he serves God best who serves Ins 
fellow men. There is no profession or line of busi- 
ness that calls for greater self-sacrifice or more de- 
voted attention than the medical profession, and 
the uccessful physician is he. who through I've of 
his fellow men. gives his time and attention to the 
relief of human suffering. Dr. Crawford 1- one of 
the able representatives of this noble calling, now 
practicing in Brooklyn. 

Frederick Doty Crawford was born in Saratoga 



LOS 



HISTORY OF LOXG ISLAND. 



Springs, New York. December 2, 1871, a son of 
John D. and Sarah E. (Hall) Crawford, both of 
early Scotch ancestry. His father's lineal ancestors 
were John Fancher, Benjamin, Wallace. John. Rob- 
ert and Archibald Crawford. The last named was 
born on board a ship while his parents were com- 
ing to America. The family afterward settled in 
Westchester county, Xew York. The Doctor's fa- 
ther, John D. Crawford, was for many years en- 
gaged in the hotel business and later turned his at- 
tention to the florist business. His home has been 
in Brooklyn since 1879. He was one of the first 
to respond to hi* country's call for aid in 1861, and 
served three years and nine months in the Sixth 
Xew York Heavy Artillery. 

When a boy Dr. Crawford attended the public 
schools, but the greater part of his general educa- 
tion has been obtained by private study. He was 
early attracted by the medical profession from the 
standpoint of its being the means of alleviating suf- 
fering and conquering disease, and formed the am- 
bition to become a physician. To this end he bent 
all his energies and every resource, and labored on 
with his purpose ever before him until he secured 
his long and earnestly sought degree. He began 
business life as a messenger boy and was for a 
time in a printing office on Broad street, New York, 
and in a shipping office on Wall street. He worked 
through the day in the last named establishment, 
while of evenings he had a tea route in Brooklyn. 
The latter led to his opening a tea store in a part 
of his father's floral establishment. He also dealt 
in milk, butter and eggs. He continued this busi- 
ness for two years and was then employed as a 
drug clerk until he secured the degree of Graduate 
in Pharmacy (Ph. G.), and then entered upon the 
systematic study of his beloved profession. He also 
pursued a three-years course in medicine and won 
the degree of Doctor oi Medicine, and while a med- 
ical stiukm he took the summer course in the Brook - 
ge of Pharmacy, securing the degree of 
Doctoi of Pharmacy (Pilar. D.). pie was grad- 
uated at the Long Island College Hospital in 1898, 
with the degree of I >o< tor of Medicine, and has since 
established a steadily growing practice in the neigh- 
borhood where he lias lived for twenty-two years. 
lie 1- engaged in general practice, but devotes the 
gi eatei pai 1 oi his attenl ion to gj necology. He 
1 to thi chair of obstetrics and gync 
cologj in ill- Long I linn 1 ( olli ge Hospital and 
'ili' ' linii I n '1' ' . - oi women in the 
Polhemus Memo: 1 . 1 1 CI in. I ie is a member of 
the I. one I .land 1 ollege I lospital Uumni ^sso 
ciation and of the Medical Society of the County oi 

Kings. 



tor's greatest delight in his work is the relief he 
is able to give suffering humanity, treating rich ami 
poor alike, and he looks upon remuneration as a 
natural consequence. 

Dr. Crawford has in the past taken an active 
interest in the political affairs of his district and 
served as the president of the Sixth Ward and 
Thirteenth District Republican Association in 1898. 
He is a member of the Baptist Temple and is also 
connected with the Royal Arcanum. 

JOHN M. LINZ. 

The Linz family traces its origin back to Austria, 
Germany, where the ancestors of the family were 
conspicuously identified with affairs of state and 
otherwise. The grandfather of our subject was a 
man of considerable wealth, and resided in Austria. 
He was a loyal citizen of the Empire, and. having 
met with adversity in his political and financial af- 
fairs, he removed with his family to the city of 
Munich, in the kingdom of Bavaria, where he spent 
the remaining years of bis life, dying at the ad- 
vanced age of ninety-four years. His remains and 
those of his wife are buried in the family plot in 
the city of Munich. They were both consistent 
Christian people of the Lutheran faith. By their 
union they had a family of four sons and one daugh- 
ter. Leonard Linz, the father of our subject, was a 
man of considerable learning and had taken up the 
study of medicine, but relinquished the study of 
that profession to engage in the manufacturing busi- 
ness. The lady whom he chose for bis wife was a 
woman of high scholarly attainments. They had a 
family of six children, four sous and two daugh- 
ters, five of whom still survive. The faithful wife 
and mother died in her fifty- second year, and the 
father passed away in bis sevent} first year, both 
having been consistent members of the Lutheran 
church. 

John M. Linz, our subject, was born on the iotli 
of December, 1845. in the city of Furth. He was 
educated; ill the schools of his native city, an 1 
took a full course in the preparatory classes, thus 
qualifying him for entering college. When nine- 
teen years of age he decided to come to the United 
States, and accordingly sailed from Bremen, land- 
ing in Xew York city on the 2d of April. 1865. Pie 
was employed as a bookkeeper until 1SS4, when lie 
became treasurer of the East Xew York Savings 
Bank on Atlantic avenue, and in 1901 was elected 

member of the board of trustees of the same 
institution. That the bank is in a flourishing con- 
dition a glance at the following figures will show 
that on July 1. 1000. their deposits were $1,072,929, 
with a surplus of 8130.000. 



HISTORY OF LOXG ISLAND. 



103 



Mr. Linz has been a member of the school 
board, serving as its trustee and secretary for three 
years, after which time lie was elected treasurer of 
the board, serving for one term of three years. He 
is an active member of the Lutheran church, en- 
thusiastic in its growth and prosperity, having been 
a member of its council since 1872. He is also a 
member of East New York Council, No. 953. of the 
Royal Arcanum, and of William Tell Lodge, K. 
of H., in which he has been dictator for four terms. 
In addition to the other honors conferred upon him 
he was elected president of the Singing Society 
Concordia, which position he has filled to the satis- 
faction of all. 

Mr. Linz was married to a merrtber of a promi- 
nent family of East Xew York, on the 16th of 
May. 1872, a family as old as it is prominent. His 
bride was Miss Pauline R. Sackmann. a daughter 
of Edward H. and Maria C. (Voegele) Sackmann. 
To this union have been born six children, namely: 
Frederick M., Elfrida (now Mrs. Hans Osterland), 
Edward S., Louis A., Laura M. and John J. Paul. 

WILLIAM G. CLARK, D. D. S. 

A native of Wheeling. West Virginia. Dr. Will- 
iam Grier Clark, who is now one of the most active 
members of the dental profession in Brooklyn, was 
born on the 15th of January. 1869, and is of Scotch 
lineage. His paternal grandparents came to Amer- 
ica from Scotland about 1822. and located in Wheel- 
ing, where they spent their remaining days. On the 
maternal side the ancestry can be traced back to John 
Boyd, the great-grandfather of our subject, who was 
among the early settlers of Pennsylvania, where he 
was captured by the Indians, being held by them 
for several years. His son. John Boyd, became the 
father of Agnes Boyd, who gave her hand in mar- 
riage to Hugh Clark, a native of Scotland. Their 
marriage was blessed with six children, among whom 
was Dr. W. G. Clark, of this review. John Ran- 
dolph, their eldest son, resides in Wheeling. West 
Viriginia; Wilma is the wife of T. A. Hammond, 
cashier of the National Exchange Bank of Steuben- 
ville, Ohio; Charles F. was graduated with honors 
in the College of Physicians and Surgeons, of New 
York, with the class of 18S2, and was its president. 
He foliowed the practice of his profession in Bi 
lyn, and had a most enviable reputation concerning 
the diagnosis and treatment of nervous diseases 1>\ 
static electricity. For a time he was a lecturer in 
his alma mater, and he died in 1892, at the age of 
thirty-five years. Anna is the wife "i" George Tl. 
Parks, of Wheeling. West \irginia. Hugh T is 
teller in the National Exchange Bank of Steuben- 
ville, Ohio. 



William Grier Clark, the youngest, pursued his 
education in the Linsley Institute and in the Eng- 
lish Business College, of Wheeling, and then pre- 
pared for professional life as a student of dentistry 
in the office of Dr. C. D. Cook, of Brooklyn, where 
he remained for six months, after which he matricu- 
lated in the New York College of Dentistry, where 
he completed the full course 111 1889, but a- he had 
not then attained his majority he did not receive his 
diploma until the following year. Again he entered 
the office of Dr. Cook, where he remained for a 
year, bringing to the practical test his theoretical 
knowledge. During the two succeeding years he was 
associated with Dr. C. I'.. Parker, of Brooklyn, and 
soon after entering upon practice he secured the ap- 
pointment as dentist to the Brooklyn Orphan 
Asylum, where lie lias since continued. He has also 
been connected with the Children's Aid S 
since'1892. was for four years a dentist to the Tillary 
Street Dispensary, for one year of the Third Avenue 
Dispensary, is a member of the Brooklyn Dental 
Society and of the Second District Dental S iciety. 
The Doctor was married. December 20. 1803, to 
Mrs. Elmyra Agnes Stevenson, a daughter of Jo- 
seph Wells, of Brooklyn, am! they now have two 
children: Charles Momague and Hammond Bowman. 
Tlie Doctor holds membership in the First Presby- 
terian church of Brooklyn, and he is a member of 
the Brooklyn Republican Club. He was from 1889 
until 1800 a member of Company I. of the Twenty- 
third Regiment of the New York National Guards, 
and in 1803 he became commandant of the Temple 
Guards of the Baptist Temple, a position which 
he has since tilled in a manner reflecting credit upon 
himself, while proving of great benefit to the or- 
ganization. 

GEORGE NEWTON FERRIS, M. D. 

George Newton Ferris, a medical practitioner of 
Flatbush, Long Island, was born on the 23d of 
September, 185a. in the interesting village of Tarry- 
town, Yew York. His father. John M. Ferris, was 
bom in Albany and was a son of Isaac Ferris, a 
■ Of New York city. The great-grandfather, 
John Ferris, Sr., was born in Westchester county, 
New York, and traced his ancestry back to Eng- 
land, the first representatives of the family coming 
m the merrie isle to the new world in the early 
part of the seventeenth century. A more .'xtended 
account of the family history is given 111 c mnection 
with the sketch of Rev. J. M. Ferris, which appears 
011 another page of this volume. 

The Doctor enjoyed the educational privileges af- 
forded by Erasmus Hall Academy and further con- 
tinued his studies in college in Germany and Switzer- 



104 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



land, and took a special course in 1875-6 in the New 
York University. He prepared for the practice of 
medicine in the Long I -land College Hospital, com- 
pleting the regular course in that institution in 1879. 
He became interne in the Kings County Hospital and 
the Kings County Insane Asylum for eight years, 
and in 1888 he located in Flatbush, where he has 
been in general practice. He belongs to the Kings 
County Medical Society. 

Dr. Ferris was married to Miss Katharine M. 
Hills, a daughter of Chauncy Hills, of Delaware, 
Ohio, and resides at No. 910 Flatbush avenue. 

CHARLES H. MEDICUS. 

For almost a third of a century Charles H. 
Medicus has engaged in the manufacture of parlor 
furniture and as the years have passed his enter- 
prise has grown until it is now a mammoth concern, 
being one of the leading industrial interests of 
Brooklyn. His life record proves conclusively that 
success is not a matter of genius but the outcome 
of industry practical experience and capability. 

A native of Germany, Mr. Medicus was born in 
the fortress city of Mainz on the river Rhine, in 
Hesse-Darmstadt. December 2, 1S39, a son of Phillip 
Karl and Nannette ( Salla von Grossa) Medicus. 
His mother's family were distinguished for military 
prowess and his brother is a prominent and influ- 
ential citizen of his native province, now serving as 
burgomaster of the town in which he resides. 
Charles H. Medicus lost his father in infancy, and 
when nine years of age accompanied his mother to 
the new world. She had married a second husband, 
who had taken part in the German rebellion of 
1848 and wa.-. therefore obliged to leave the father- 
land. 

At a very early age Mr. Medicus, of this review, 
began earning hi, own livelihood by working in a 
match factory for a dollar per week, serving as of- 
fice boy. He subsequently learned the upholstery 
trade in the establishment of the firm of DeGraf 
& Taylor, of New York city, with whom he re- 
mained for niiM' years, mastering the business in 
every detail and becoming an expert workman. He 
was advanced from our position to another as he 
gave prool 01 I,, kill, and at length he left the 
house where he had been o long employed, and in 
1870 began business on bis own account 111 the man- 
ufacture of parlor furniture in New York. In 1878 
he came to Brooklyn and conducted a factory on 
Fulton street, but latci was Forced to seek more 
commodious quarters and opened a large factory 
near the fool of Ri 1 ;lreel in the ea< tern district 

" { Brooklyn. His g Is became widely known 

throughout the counlrj bv reason of the excellence 



of the manufacture, the novelty and beauty of de- 
sign and also on account of the reliability of the ' 
house, the reputation of which is unassailable in ! 

trade circles. In 1898 he removed his factory to 
his present large quarters on Humbolt and Seigle 
streets, in Brooklyn, where he furnishes employment j 

to one hundred and ten workmen, many of whom 
are skilled artisans. He is just and considerate to 
his employes, who return to him good service, know- 
ing that fidelity to duty on their part insures pro- 
motion wdien opportunity offers. 

On the 20th of April, 1S62. Mr. Medicus was 
united in marriage to Miss Matharine M. Har- 
bers, a daughter of Henry and Elizabeth (Martin) 
Harbers. and unto them have been born five chil- 
dren, three of whom are deceased, namely: Charles 
H.. Valentine and Catharine, who died in childhood. 
The surviving son and daughter are Henry W. and 
Louisa. The former married Emma Trabold and 
they have one son. Charles. Mr. Medicus is a very 
prominent Mason, belonging to Clinton Lodge. F. 
X' A. M., DeWitt Clinton Commandery and the 
Mystic Shrine. He has also taken the Scottish rite 
degrees and is a valued member of the Hanover 
Club, one of the leading social organizations of the 
city. He stands to-day among the prosperous self- 
made men of his adopted city, the possessor of a 
handsome competence well and worthily won. 

THE TALMAGE (OR TALLMADGE ) FAMILY. 

This family name has been variously written in 
different ages Talmage, Tallmadge. Talmash, Tal- 
maske, Tallemache and in several other ways. The 
family is one of the most ancient in English historv 
and is "traditionally believed," says Burke, "to go 
back to Saxon times, to Salmag. a Saxon lord of the 
sixth century of our era." The name is found To!- 
mag in the Domesday Book, time of William the 
Conqueror, and also on the Roll of the Battle Abbey 
of the same century in the Norman form. Tall- 
in, tehe. It is found at Stoke Talmage in Oxford- 
shire 1135,. in Norfolk 1200. at Suffolk at a very 
early date, and at Hampshire soon after 1300. The 
seat of the family in Hampshire was at Newton 
Stacey, an outlying manor of Barton Stacey in the 
eily of Hampshire, in Southampton, and about ten 
miles northwest of Winchester, where the family 
had been long settled. A history of this family is 
given in the Pall Mall Magazine for April, 1S94. from 
which we extract the following: 

The Tallemaches, who can trace their descent 
from Saxons, settled in East Anglia thirteen hun- 
dred years ago, may well claim to be the oldest 
family in England; and that ancient town of Ips- 
wich, where in 1770 the corpse of one of their an- 



HISTORY OF LOXG ISLAND. 



■cestors — an Earl of Dysart — lay in state on its way 
to Hilmingham, is appropriately the starting point 
where an excursion may be made to inspect the 
.grand old noted hall which lies in stately solitude 
some miles to the north. 

To inherit the traditions of a long line of noble 
ancestors whose integrity has never been ques- 
tioned, is something to boast of, even in these level- 
ing-up days, and with justifiable pride might the 
present head of the family replace the old distich 
taken long ago' from the manor house : 

Wheije William the Conqueror reigned with great 

fame, 
Bentley was my seat and Tallemach was my name. 

The connection between the American and Eng- 
lish branches has been fully established. 

Thomas Liehford, an English lawyer, who came 
to Boston in 1638 and returned to England in 1641, 
kept a note-book of legal memoranda recently 
printed, in which occurs the following entry, page 
294: 

"William Talmage, of Boston, in New England, 
Thomas Talmage, Robert Talmage and Richard 
Walker, husband of Jane' Talmage, deceased, sons 
and daughter of Thomas Talmage, brother of John 
Talmage, of Newton Stacey, in the county of 
Southampton, deceased, make letter of attorney to 
Richard Conying and William Dowlying. overseer of 
the will of the said John, deceased, to receive of the 
executor and administrator of the last will and testa- 
ment of Symon Talmage, our brother, and of John 
Talmage, aforesaid, the sums of money due unto us 
by the will of the said John Talmage. and a certifi- 
cate under the probate seal (,L. S.)" On page 311 
is "A Letter of Attorney to William Talmage, 
Thomas Talmage and Robert Talmage aforesaid, and 
Richard Walker, to Air. Ralph King, to 'receive the 
money of said overseer, dated 3rd September, [640." 

James M. B. Dwight, of New Haven, who 
has collected considerable data of the Talmage Ea;n- 
ily. say-, "these memoranda show conclusively that 
there were three brothers Talmage who came to 
America; William, Thomas and Robert, and .1 sister 
Jane, who married Richard Walker, of Lynn. These 
came from England to New England in 1630, and 
no others are known to have come 1m America in 
the Colonial period. The record also establishes the 
fact that they were children of Thomas Talmage, of 
Newton Stacey, in the county of Southampton, or 
Hampshire, England. It also proves that they had 
an uncle. John Talmage. who left each of them 
legacies in his will; and also a brother, Symon 
Talmage. who also mentioned them 111 his will, and 
referred to these legacies. These three brothers and 



sister's husband gave a power of attorney to Ralph 
King to receive the money. Still more recent ad- 
vices carry the trace backward nearly to 1300. where 
the head of the line stands Sir William Talmach." 
1 See Collins' "Peerage.") 

The family heraldry is arms, Argent, a fret sable; 
crest, a horse's In ad erased, or, with wings ex- 
pande 1 pelletee. 

The elder of the brothers Talmage, who came to 
America, William, settled in Boston, and died leav- 
ing only one daughter. Thomas Talmage. the sec- 
ond of tlie three, settled in Lynn, Massachusetts, 
was admitted freeman in Boston in 1634, and was 
allotted there two hundred acres of land, showing 
that he was a man of considerable means and that 
he was one of the largest landholders in the town. 
He removed to Southampton, Long Island, in [642, 
and jomed the colony from Lynn which settled 
there, i This town was named from Southampton. 
England, the birthplace of Talmage.) He removed, 
111 [649, to East Hampton with his son. Thomas 
Talmage, Jr.. who became the first recorder or town 
clerk of the town. The Long Island and Ne.v 
Jersey branches of the family are descended from 
I ;, m is Talmage, Sr., and Thomas. Jr.. the recorder, 
also known as Captain Thomas Talmage. 

Captain Thomas Talmage. Jr., was a man of edu- 
cation with a scholarly and elegant handwriting, 
which resembles that still taught at the famous 
si hool .11 Manchester, so near his English birth-place. 
He was appointed lieutenant in 1665, and after- 
ward captain. He died in 1690. and had as issue: 
Thomas, Nathaniel, John and Enos. 

Enos Talmage. a son of Captain Thomas, w is 
born at East Hampton in 1693, died at Elizabeth- 
town, Xew Jersey, in 1725. He was the progenitor 
of the New Jersey branch of the family. His chil- 
dren were Daniel and Thomas. 

Thomas Talmage (1st), the second son of Daniel 
Talmage. was born at Elizabeth, Xew Jersey. March 
I. [722; died there February 7, 1790. He married 
Hannah Morris, and had as issue Daniel, John and 
Enos. lie married, secondly, Elizabeth Week and 
son named Thomas. 
Major Thomas Talmage (2d), a son of Thomas 
and Elizabeth (Weeks) Talmage, was born at 
Basking Ridge. New- Jersey. October 24, 1755, dud 
at Somerville, Xew Jersey. October 2. 1834, at his 
estate known as Mount Verd. He was a member 
of Captain Ten Eyck's company in the war of the 
Revolution and participated in all the principal 
battles which took place in Xew Jersey. He mar- 
ried Mary, a daughter of Captain Goyn McCoy, sup- 
posed to be a representative of the McCoy family 
of Pennsylvania. Their children were: David, 
born at Somerville, Xew Jersey, April 21, 1 7S 3 ; 



106 



HISTORY OF LOXG ISLAND. 



Thomas, born about 1799: Samuel Kennedy Tal- 
mage. born at Somerville, New Jersey, in 1798, who 
went to Georgia and became president of Oglethorpe 
University and was chaplain of the Confederate 
congress; and Goyn Talmage. born also at Somer- 
ville. in 1778. 

David Talmage, the eldest child of Major 
Thomas (2d) and Mary (McCoy) Talmage, was 
born at Somerville. April 24. 1783. was a man of 
considerable prominence and held several public 
positions. He served three successive terms as a 
member of the New Jersey legislature, was sheriff 
of Somerset county, a position of great honor and 
importance in those days. He married Catherine 
Van Nest, a descendant of Lieutenant John Brokaw, 
of the First Battalion, Somerset county, New Jer- 
sey, who was killed at the battle of Germantown, 
October 4. 1777. She was a niece of Abraham Van 
Nest, 'if Westchester, New York, philanthropist and 
donor of Van Nest Chapel at Westchester. The 
children by this marriage were: Phebe. Rev. Rich- 
ard. Sarah. Peter Van Xess. Daniel, the Rev. John 
Van Ness, the Rev. Goyn, Catharine, David. Mary 
and the Rev. Thomas DeWitt. 

Colonel Daniel Talmage. fifth child of David and 
Catharine (Van Ness) Talmage. was born in Somer- 
ville. February 10. [816, ami died in Brooklyn, New 
York. March 13. [S69. 

The New York Sun in an article on the Talmage 
family s;i_ V s : "The best known one among the Tal- 
mage boys, except the Tabernacle preacher, was 
Colonel Daniel Talmage. the founder of the great 
rice house in New York, new styled Dan Talmage's 
Sims, and pos,e-sing branches 111 Savannah. Charles- 
tun and New Orleans. Dan Talmage was a famous 
politician in central New Jersey and an ardent 
Democrat, who worked for his party as if it was 
hi- bread and butter, and yet who would never ac- 
cept an office of any sort until he was pressed by a 
governor he had done more than anyone else to 
elect, u In n in' became .1 colonel on the executive 
Staff, bought line uniforms and spent hundreds of 
dollars in entertaining his friends. He was warmly 
liked by those who knew him and they mourned 
hi I- lie gave .1 great deal in a quiet way for 

charily, and it is said that his son, the present head 
of lie firm, inherit! '1 thi trail and gave one-tenth 
of his incomi in ilic need) . 

I almage wa one of the leading mer- 
chants of his day ami tin founder of the great rice 
house of I lane! Talmage's Sons. He was the first 
merchant in this country to establish the ;ale oi rice 
a- a regular article of merchandise. Previous co 
thi 1 in southern planters had hi en in 
of shipping rice to their noi thern agi nl 1 m 1 om 
nd r< ceiving in 1 1 hangi m h artii les of 



domestic and household goods as they required for 
personal use. The business proved a great success 
from the start, and this firm is known far and near 
as the pioneers in this business. The old sign of 
Daniel Talmage still remains over the door just 
above the sign of the present firm. Colonel Tal- 
mage married, in December, 1839, Hannah Aymar 
Fowler, a daughter of Pexcil Aymar Fowler and 
Hannah Kip, of New York city, a descendant of 
the French families of Le Brum and Quereaux. 

The issue of this marriage was John Fowder 
Talmage. who was born in Brooklyn July 27, 1842. 
and married, April 26, 1865, Isabella Van Syckei, 
ninth in descent from Major William Phillips, com- 
mander of the Yorkshire forces in 1665, and seventh 
in descent from Thomas Carhart, secretary to Gov- 
ernor Dongan. 

Major Thomas Talmage (3d), the second child 
of Major Thomas (2d) and Mary (McCoy) Tal- 
mage, was born at Somerville, New Jersey, about 
1799. He was an enterprising, sagacious and prac- 
tical farmer. During his life he filled many im- 
portant positions of trust in church and state with 
honor and credit to himself and benefit to the com- 
munity. He married Sophia Van Vichten, a daugh- 
ter of Michael Van Vichten, sou of Dirck. son of 
Hon. Michael Dirckse Van Vichten, son of Dirck 
Teunise, son of Teunise Dirckse. 

Teunise Dirckse Van Vichten came to New 
Amsterdam in the ship "Arms of Norway" in 1638 
with his wife, child and two servants, by way of 
Rotterdam, probably from Veghten on the Veghten 
river near Utrecht. He settled at Greenbush, op- 
posite Albany, where he had a farm as early as 1648. 
He had a son named Dirck Teunise, who was born 
at Veghten, Holland. Pie married Janetza Michaelja 
Vrulandt. He removed to the Catskill before r68l, 
and resided where the old Van Vechten house now 
stands, which is the third built on the same site. 
It was built in 1750. They had twelve children, of 
whom Michael Dirckse was the third. The latter 
\\a- h.ru November 28, 1663, married first Marthia 
Perker, and secondly Janitia Damon, and removed to 
New Jersey with his brother Abraham before 1699. 
and he had a child named Dirck. horn September 
in. im on the Raritans. It is family bible is at 
the Bible House in New York city. His will was 
dated the 17th of April, 1777. and probated the 4th 
of February. [782, lie was one of a company of 
eight who bought, May .?. 1712. the Royce planta- 
tion of fourteen hundred and seventy acres. He 
was one of the assistant judges of Somerset county 
in February, 171 1. He gave the land upon which 
the first Dutch church of Raritan was originally 
built in 1721. The church was destroyed in the 
tune of the Revolution, and the next building was 




Jo-£t^ 7^ y^f^^W/t_ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



erected near the town of Somerville. He had seven 
children, of whom Dirck was the fifth. 

The last mentioned was born September 16, 
1699, and died November 29, 1781. He married 
first Judith Brockholst, and secondly Deborah \n- 
tonides. and thirdly, in 1759. Sarah Middah. His 
farm was the camping ground of the Revolutionary 
armies, and his house that of a bounteous hos- 
pitality to officers and men. General Greene left a 
handsome mahogany table there as a token of ap- 
preciation of kindness received in this hospitable 
mansion. This table is now a treasured heirloom 
in the family. He had five children, of whom 
Michael was the fourth. The latter was born No- 
vember 13, 17114. as shown on the tombstone, but 
the Dutch bible says November 16, 177''. He died 
December 29. 1831. He married, April 10, 1787, 
Elizabeth La Grange, a daughter of John La Grange, 
and had eight children, of whom Sophia was the 
sixth. Sophia was born July 11. 1801, and married 
Thomas Talmage. Thomas Talmage. by his wife. 
Sophia ( Van Vechten) Talmage. had as issue Sam- 
uel and John Frelinghuysen. 

Dr. Samuel Talmage, just mentioned, was burn 
at Somerville, New Jersey, February 20, 1831, 
studied medicine with his father-in-law. Dr. Ephraim 
Clark, of Staten Island, and entered the medical 
department of the University of the City of New 
York, and was graduated in 1870. He subsequently 
removed to Brooklyn and became associated with 
his brother John F., who had already acquired a 
large practice. He adopted the new system of 
homeopathy and continued with his brother until the 
hitter's death, and is still (1901) engaged in prac- 
tice in Brooklyn. At the breaking out of the Cicil 
war he was commissioned by the governor of New 
Jersey captain of a cavalry company. In early life 
he contributed occasionally to the weekly period- 
icals, but his time has since liven wholly absorbed 
in his profession. He married, in 1863, Arabella 
M. Clark, a daughter of Dr. Ephraim Clark, of 
Staten Island. 

John Frelinghuysen Talmage. A. M., M. D.. sec- 
ond child of Major Thomas (3d) and Sophia (Van 
Vechten) Talmage, was burn at Somerville, New 
Jersey, March 11. 1833, and was named after bis 
mother's brother-in-law. He was brought up on 
his father's farm and received bis early education 
at the village academy under the personal tuition of 
his father's pastor, the Rev. T. W. Chambers, D. 
1).. of New York', who at that tune was ettled n 
Somerville. Young Talmage entered Rutgers Col- 
lege, New Brunswick, and took his place in the 
second term of the sophomore class I !■ was grad- 
uated in 1852. his diploma bearing tin- signature 
of Theodore Frelinghuysen. president. 



After his graduation he traveled extensively m 
the southern states and for a time filled the profes- 
sorship of ancient languages in an Alabama college, 
now extinct. At Huntsville, that state, he made the 
acquaintance of Drs. Burrill and Gillson, physicians 
of the homeopathic school of medicine, and became 
interested in their methods, witnessing some remark- 
able cures effected by them. He was thus led by his 
own observation to abandon the convictions of earlier 
years and adhere to the school of Hahnemann. For 
six months he pursued Ins medical studies with his 
friends in Huntsville, and on his return north at- 
tended a course of lectures in the medical depart 
ment of the University of the City of New York. 
The following summer he entered the office of Dr. 
A. Cooke Hall, of Brooklyn, one of the most dis- 
tinguished physicians of the new school of scientific 
medicine of that period. In 1859 he received his 
graduating diploma from the University Medical 
College, in which at that time the eminent Dr. 
Valentine Mott was emeritus professor of surgery. 

Soon after this Dr. Talmage became associated 
with his preceptor. Dr. Hall, as partner, and con- 
tinued these relation, for twelve years. For one 
year be acted as physician of the Brooklyn Orphan 
Asylum, and during that time met with uniform 
success in the treatment of epidemic and other dis- 
eases of a difficult nature. He was afterward ap- 
pointed to the department of diseases of women in 
the Brooklyn Homeopathic Dispensary, but was com- 
pelled to resign after one year's experience, owing 
to tii'' large increase in Ins private practice. At 
the time of the last visitation of the Asiatic cholera 
111 the city in 1866. he issued a private circular con- 
taining hints and suggestions for bis patients. 
Though intended only as a private circular, it soon 
came to the knowledge of others, and so admir- 
ably did it meet a great pressing emergency that 
various public journals, such as the "Eagle" an 1 
"Union" of Brooklyn, the "New York Tribune." 
the "Springfield (Massachusetts) Republican" and 
others reproduced it at length with emphatic com- 
-1 its form and matter. It has since 
become a standard medicine for that epidemic, and 
thousands of sufferers have been benefited bj it. 
^fter tlte death of Dr. Hall, Dr. Talmage nat- 
urally succeeded to a large portion of bis practice, 
which, added to his own. occupied every moment of 
In, tune, and in 1870 he associated with him his 
brother Samuel, who bad taken up the study of 
medicine at a later period than his younger brother. 
The former continued in active practice until his 
death. June 30. 1807. and was at that time one of 
the leading practitioners of the new school of med- 
icine in this part of the country. 

He was for -many years identified with the Church 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



grims. Under General Meserole he served 
as surgeon of the Eleventh Brigade. N. G. S. N. Y. 
He was one of the charter members of the Brooklyn 
Chili, which relation he resigned, and at the time 
of his death he was a member of the Hamilton 
Club. His father. Thomas Talmage. was an uncle 
of Rev. T. De Witt Talmage. another cousin of 
Hon. Thomas Talmage. a former mayor of Brooklyn. 

Dr. Talmage married, in r863, Mi- -Maggie A. 
Hunt, a lady of great personal attractions, the 
youngest daughter of Thomas Hunt. Esq.. widely 
known as one of the merchant princes of New 
York. 

The issue of this marriage were Thomas Hunt 
' Lilian, who married John Murray 
Mitchell. Edward Taylor Hunt and John Freling- 
huysen. 

Goyn Talmage. the fourth son of Major Thomas 
and Mary ( McCoy) Talmage, was born at Somer- 
ville, Xew Jersey, ill 1778. He married Magdalene 
Terhune, a descendant of an old Long Island fam- 
ily. Their children were Thomas Goyn, Catharine, 
Maria and Mertine. The last mentioned married 
Edward Patterson, of Philadelphia, who was the fa- 
ther of I bin Edward Patterson, judge of the su- 
preme court of Xew York city. 

I bui- Thomas Goyn Talmage, son of Goyn and 
Magdalene (Terhune) Talmage. was born at 
Somerville, Xew Jersey, in October, 1801, spent 
ln> early life on his father's farm and came to 
Xew York city at the age of eighteen, entering the 
employ of Abraham Yan Ness, then engaged in the 
saddlery-hardware business on Hanover Square. 
He resided for some time on Stone street, near 
Broad, where two of his children were born. Pie 
began his public career a- earlj as iS_>-. when he 
was ili' ted alderman of the first ward on the Dem- 
ocratic ticket and from that time until his death 
was almost eon, tartly in public office, but always 
for public good an 1 not for self-aggrandizement, as 
his record abundantly prove-. He moved to Green- 
wich village in the ninth ward about 1832, residing 
on Hammond street, now Eleventh street. He was 
elected aldi nn.ni from this ward about 1836, and be- 
idenl of the common council. He was 
elected to tin at legi lature in 1833, during the 
administration of 1 iovernor Silas Wright, with whom 
be enjoyed intimate relations I le \\ as 
strumenl il in the p he 1 'nioti Ferry bill, 

n !i;. li was oi gi cal 1 1 unim rcial impoi tan 1 to the 

B klj 11 lb in. ived in Brooklyn in 1840 

and from that time until his death was identified 
with its interests, and favored every movement tend- 
ing to it- growth and prosperity, lie settled on the 



which consisted of a farm of thirty-four acres 
lying between Smith and Eighth streets and extend- 
ing from Gowanus creek to the Flatbush line. It 
was on a portion of this farm that the gallant Mary- 
landers who fell at the battle of Long Island were 
buried. Mr. Talmage was elected alderman of the 
eighth ward of Brooklyn after a residence there of 
three years and was elected mayor of the city in 
1845. A foundation for a city hall was undertaken 
during the administration of his predecessor, but for 
lack of funds only one story of the building was 
completed, and the debris removed, and plans for 
the present city hall were made and adopted and 
the present building was constructed under his ad- 
ministration. Largely through the efforts of Mr. 
Talmage the debt was/ liquidated, and not long 
after the building completed. 

The most important work of his life, however, 
was in connection with Prospect Park, Brooklyn. 
of which he was the originator and chief promoter. 
He introduced and carried through the state legis- 
lature the bills of i858-'59 and '60 for the creation 
of the park, and was untiring in his efforts until 
the work was fairly under way. The three first 
commissioners appointed by the legislature were 
Thomas G. Talmage, E. C. Litchfield and Charles 
Stanton. When they found they were likely to 
meet with opposition from the Republican side of 
the house, Mr. Stranahan. a Republican, was added 
to the commission. The conception of the enter- 
prise was due to Mr. Talmage, and this he pros- 
ecuted with unabated vigor and energy up to the 
day of his death, which was caused from a cold 
contracted while advocating the measure at Albany. 
Without detracting from the honors awarded to an- 
other, they should be equally shared by him who 
fell at his post of duty a martyr to the cause to 
which he had devoted the best years of his life. It 
is noteworthy also that the man who conceived this 
enterprise was a descendant of one of the oldest 
families on Long Island, among whose descendants 
are found some of the brightest and most dis- 
tinguished statesmen, patriot-, orators and learned 
divines of the country. 

Mr. Talmage was three times married. His first 
wife was Dorothy Miller, daughter of Colonel David 
Miller, of Morris county. Xew Jersey. One of her 
brothers, Hon. Jacob Miller, was ,. United States 
senator from Xew Jersey for about sixteen years. 
and was the contemporary of Clay. Webster and 
other distinguished statesmen of that period. An- 
other brother was William Miller. United States 
minister to France. There were four children by 
ihi- marriage: David M., Maty Louise, William 
Henry and Tunis Van Pelt. Mr. Talmage married 




THOMAS G. TALMAGE. 



HIST( iR-i ( IF L( ING ISLAND. 



109 



secondly Sarah J. Van Brunt, a daughter of John 
Van Brunt, and two children were the issue of this 
marriage: Jane Elizabeth, who married Rev. Henry 
Vonbac, and Adrian. The third wife of Mr. Tal- 
mage was Harriet Joraleman, a daughter of Judge 
Teunis Joraleman, from whom a princip. 
Brooklyn derives its name. By this marriage there 
was one child, Frederick T. 

Tunis Van Pelt Talmage, fourth child of Hon. 
Thomas Goyn Talmage, was born in Clinton, New 
Jersey, in July, 1832, during the temporal 
of his parents at that place. Until he \ 
years of age his childhood was spent in New Y01 k 
city. Since 1840 he has resided in Brooklyn, an 1 
was educated at the public schools of the two cities. 
At the age of seventeen he went to California as 
one of the "Forty-niners," returning in 1852, richer 
only in .experience. He began business in Brooklyn 
that year as a street contractor. He graded Sixth, 
Seventh, Eighth, Ninth and Tenth avenues and all 
the streets between First and Ninth streets. In 1857 
he started in the retail coal business, and since iSSj 
has been engaged in the wholesale coal trade. 

He was engaged actively in local politics for 
many years. His first public office was that of su- 
pervisor, to which office he was elected from the 
eighth ward in i860 for a two-years term, and in 
1862 was elected alderman of the same ward, the 
second year of his term serving as president of 
the board. He represented the fourth district in 
the state legislature in 1S74-5, introducing and carry- 
ing through one of the most important measures ever 
enacted for the people of Brooklyn, but more espe- 
cially tor his own constituents. This was the re- 
adjustment of Prospect Park taxes, which, instead 
of requiring the few property holders whose prop- 
erty was contiguous to the park to bear the entire 
burden of taxation, was distributed throughout 
the entire city. He claimed that as the .whole city 
was benefited equally by the pari:, other property 
holders should share equally the burden of taxa- 
tion. By his strenuous efforts to overcome the 
strong opposition to the measure he made many 
friends in both parties. 

In 1865 Mr. Talmage came within one vote of 
receiving the nomination for mayor, his opponent 
being Mayor Kalbfleisch. He ran on the independ- 
ent Democratic ticket in 1867, but was 
From the first day he entered public life he has 
been actively connected with the Twenty-second 
Ward Improvement Association. 

During the Civil war. as one oi 
he served on the relief committee which gave gen- 
uine assistance to the widows whose husbands were 
killed on the battle-field. He assisted in raising tin 



Fifty-sixth Regiment (of which his brother was 
major), and was commissioned captain by Governor 
Morgan He went with his regiment to the front 
ning the invasion of Pennsylvania by Lee's 
army, and remained in active service until all dan- 
ger was passed, after which he resigned his po- 
sition. 

Until within the past few years he has been 
actively identified with the Reformed church. Since 
[898 lie lias been connected with the Park Congre- 
gational church, of which he is a trustee. 

Me married, in 185,3. Magdalene Van Nest de 
daughter of John I. de Forest, of New 
York. Their children are: Magdalene, who mar- 
vis E. Dodge, and has children named 
•Frank. Linden and Helen: William De Forrest, un- 
married; Katherme A., who married William II. 
Force and has two children,— Katharine and Mag- 
dalene. 

JOHN M. MOSER. 

John M. Moser. having been born in the father- 
land and come to America during his early child- 
hood's years, is an exceptional illustration of the 
contribution of the German-American citizen to our 
composite national character. He was born in the 
village of Obernheim, kingdom of Wurtemberg, 
Germany, December 1, 1841. and 1- .1 -on of Eligius 
and Clara (Lambert) Moser. His father during 
his early manhood's years was engaged in agricult- 
ural pursuits, was a man of exceptional intelligence 
and knowledge of affairs, local and otherwise. In 
[S48, during the perilous period of the German re- 
bellion, he decided to come to America with his 
family that he might here find a more liberal free- 
dom in the exercise of the democratic principles he 
so fondly cherished. He became a good and loyal 
Both himself and his faithful wife were 
consi lent Christians and were respected and es- 
teemed by all who knew them. Mr. Moser died in 
New York city in 1876 and the dutiful wife and 
mother of his children still survives him. 

John M. Mosi r, after coming to the United States 
with his parents, attended the school, of New York 
ompleted his commercial training at the 
Dolbear Commercial College, corner of Houston 
Mieei and Broadway. He then took up clerical work 
in a mercantile house for some time. Having been 
dependent partially upon his own efforts during his 
schoolboy days, he learned the importance of fru- 
gality and industry. These elements contributed 
largely to his successful beginning in life. In 1876 
lie began business on his own account, dealing in 
hop-, which enterprise lie conducted, with good re- 



11(1 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



suits, up to 1880, when he also engaged in the malt 
business, and in tins undertaking- also he met with 
signal success. Since his identification with the 
commercial affairs of the eastern district of Brook- 
lyn. Mr. Moser has become recognized as one of the 
progressive and enterprising business men of his 
community, lie was cue of the organizers of the 
Frank Brewing Company, in winch he has held a 
controlling interest for the past ten years, and is 
now its president. He is also a director of the 
Broadway Bank, of Brooklyn, and a member of the 
Produce Exchange of New York. It will thus be 
seen that his sphere of usefulness exerts a whole- 
some influence in his neighborhood. For a number 
of years he was a member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity; he is a member of the Hanover and Brook- 
lyn Clubs and of the Arion Singing Society. 

Mr. Moser has been twice married. By his first 
union he had four children, of whom Dr. William 
Moser, of Brooklyn, is the eldest. By his second 
union Mr. Moser has one son, Frederick A. The 
family attend the Lutheran church. 

WILLIAM SIMMONS, M. D. 

Professional advancement is proverbially slow. 
It depends Upon individual merit, the development 
of ability, upon strong mentality and close appli- 
cation, and when One has attained a prominent posi- 
tion in any professional line it is an indication of 
the possession and the exercise of the qualities men- 
tioned Dr. Simmons is one who enjoys an enviable 
reputation as a medical practitioner of Brooklyn. 
He is numbered among the native sons of the Em- 
pire state, his birth having occurred in Columbia 
county, on the 21st of April, i860. His parents 
were John Adam and Louise (Van Vliet) Simmons, 
natives of Ancrain, Xew York. During his boyhood 
they removed to Hudson, Xew York, where he pur- 
sued his education in the public schools. Later, 
however, he continued his studies in Chatham Acad- 
emy, of Xew York, and in the Rocky Dell Insti- 
tute at Lime Rock, Connecticut. He was for four 
years a teacher in the public schools of Salisbury 
and for six years was a teacher in. Dr. Holbrook's 
classical and military school at Briar Cliff, Xew 
York. Preferring the medical profession to that of 
educational labor, he began reading medicine alone, 
making Ins recitations to Dr. Samuel F. Mellen, of 
Sing Sing, Xew York. This prepared him for en- 
trance into the Long Island College Hospital, in 
which he was graduated with the class of 1891, since 
which time he has successfully practiced his pro- 
i ui Brooklyn, making a specialty of the dis- 
eases of the eye. lie is particularly well informed 
along this department of medical science and has 



effected some wonderful cures which have gained 
him high reputation in that line of his chosen call- 
ing. During the summer of 1890 he was sub-interne 
in St. Catherine's Hospital, and from 1891 until 
1893 he was house surgeon in the Brooklyn Eye 
and Ear Hospital. From 1893 until 1899 he was as- 
sistant surgeon in the same institution and at a 
later date was appointed surgeon. He has been giv- 
ing an annual course of didactic and clinical lectures 
on the diseases of the eye in the medical depart- 
ment of the Union Missionary Training Institute 
since 1896 and was assistant ophthalmologist in the 
Kings County Hospital during the same period. The 
Doctor is a member of the Medical Society of the 
County of Kings, the Kings County Medical Asso- 
ciation, the Associated Physicians of Long Island, 
the Brooklyn Pathological Society, the New York 
State Medical Society and the Physicians' Mutual 
Aid Association of Xew York. He is a close and 
earnest student, carrying his investigations far and 
wide into the realms of medical science. With a 
comprehensive knowledge of the underlying prin- 
ciples of medicine to serve as a foundation he has 
reared upon this the superstructure of special 
knowledge, gained in the certain departments in 
which he is giving his attention marked prominence. 
Dr. Simmons was married, X'ovember 14, 1893, 
to Miss Ettie Eugenia Pratt, daughter of William 
Pratt, of Irondale, Dutchess county, Xew York. 
He and his wife are members of St. Ann's Epis- 
copal church of Brooklyn and occupy a leading posi- 
tion in social circles where true worth and intel- 
ligence are received as the passports into good 
society. 

JOHX RAXDOLPH QUINN, M. D. 

John Randolph Quinn, a practicing physician of 
Brooklyn, was born in Bangor, Franklin county, New 
York, October 30, 1847, and is a son of John and 
Bridget (Gillen) Quinn. His parents came from 
Ireland about 1840 and located on a farm in Frank- 
lin county, Xew York, where they passed the re- 
mainder of their lives. The family consisted of 
eight children, six of whom are living. 

The Doctor was educated in the Lawrenceville 
Academy, attended the University of Vermont for 
one year and was graduated with the degree of Doc- 
tor of Medicine in the Long Island College Hos- 
pital in 1873. Soon after his graduation he began 
the practice of his profession in Franklin county, 
Xew York, where he remained two years. In 1875 
he removed to Brooklyn, where he has since con- 
ducted a large general practice, making a specialty 
of the diseases of the chest. Dr. Quinn may be 
characterized as a hard worker and has won for 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAXD. 



himself a high standing in the profession. He is a 
member of the Medical Society of the County of 
Kings, the Brooklyn Surgical Society and the 
Alumni Association of his alma mater. 

Dr. Quinn was married, September l8, 1883, to 
Miss Ella S. Smith, of Virginia. To this union 
were born two children, Josephine Agnes, who died 
at the age of five years, and John Randolph, Jr. 
The Doctor and his family are members of the 
Church of the Nativity, Catholic. In his political 
associations he is independent. He has never sought 
or desired public office or its emoluments and has 
never allied himself with any political organization. 
He forms his views independently and gives his sup- 
port where he thinks it best deserved. 

CHARLES R. STILLWELL. 

Charles R. Stillwell, an esteemed resident of 
Gravesend, was born October 13. 1S54, at Graves- 
end, in a house which is still standing. His ances- 
tors were among a company of thirty-nine people 
who received grants of land from Lady Moody in 
1643, and one purchased a plantation, thus becom- 
ing the owner of a portion of Coney Island. His 
father was Jacques R. Stillwell and his grandfather 
was Richard I. Stillwell. The former was born at 
Gravesend. Representatives of the family have long 
been associated with things which have formed the 
history of this portion of the Empire state, for the 
family was founded on Long Island in 1638 and has 
been identified with Gravesend since 1643, Nicholas 
Stillwell being the first to locate at that place. In 
1640 he was associated with Governor Peter Stuy- 
vesant in fighting the Indians. Richard I. Stillwell, 
the grandfather, was a very powerful man, noted for 
his athletic prowess, and was regarded as a champion 
for strength in all the athletic contests throughout 
the region around. Jacques R. Stillwell was a 
farmer by occupation, providing for his family by 
agricultural pursuits. His was a noble nature, his 
life being characterized by benevolence and charity. 
He married Miss Cornelia Stryker, a daughter of 
Samuel G. Stryker, of Gravesend, and both died in 
the year 189S. They had two children. Charles R. 
and Frederick, the latter a resident of Hackensack, 
New Jersey. 

Charles R. Stillwell mastered the branches of 
English learning taught in the schools of Gravesend, 
New Jersey, and in Brooklyn, but at the age of 
fourteen he put aside his text-books and took his 
place upon the farm and for some time he was as- 
sociated with the work of developing and improv- 
ing the fields. For thirteen years he was engaged in 
the cultivation and sale of flowers, and as a florist 
carried on a successful business. He is now quite 



extensively engaged in the raising of fancy fruit, 
and in this enterprise is meeting with well de- 
served success. Industry and careful management 
have always characterized his work, and as the re- 
sult of his diligence and perseverance he has ac- 
quired a comfortable competence. In connection 
with his other business affairs he is now engaged in 
speculating and his keen discernment, sagacity and 
foresight enables him to place his money so that it 
brings a good return. 

In public affairs Mr. Stillwell has been quite 
prominent, having been called upon to fill a number 
of positions of trust and responsibility. In politics 
he is an independent Republican. He served as 
postmaster at Gravesend from 1800 until 1894, re- 
signing his position m the latter year. He was then 
appointed shore inspector and acted in that capacity 
until 1898. He was also deputy inspector of the 
New York harbor from 1895 until 1898. He belongs 
to the Odd Fellows fraternity, which is his only lodge 
connection. On the 23d of October, 1879, occurred 
the marriage of Mr. Stillwell and Miss Elizabeth 

V -hies, a daughter of John L. Voorhies, who for 

many years served as town clerk of Gravesend. 
They have three children: Walter E., Elizabeth J. 
and Cornelia E., and their home is upon a part of 
the original grant of 1643. Coming of a family of 
prominence. Mr. Stillwell's record has cast no 
shadow upon the untarnished name and he is widely 
known as one of the leading, honorable and sub- 
stantial citizens of his community. 

CLARENCE E. BENNETT. 

History and genealogy show that on Long Isl- 
and, as elsewhere, "blood will tell." The great- 
grandsons and sons of men prominent in the early 
days have been prominent in all the years since. 
This is especially true of the old and honorable 
family of Bennett. William R. Bennett, his son, 
Richard R. Bennett, and Richard R. Bennett's -on, 
Clarence E. Bennett, were all born in the old Ben- 
nett house at Ninety-sixth street and Shore road, 
Bay Ridge, the latter Sepember 23, 1852 ; and the 
Bennetts of this family have been active and influ- 
ential in Long Island affairs in every generation 
down to the present. 

Richard R. Bennett is perhaps best remembered 
as an unswerving Union man, who at the time of 
our war of the Rebellion did everything in his 
power to heli) the federal cause and lived only about 
a year after the triumph of the Union armies. He 
was a large land-owner and prosperous farmer, who 
was looked up to by his neighbors in all important 
local affairs, and was an active and zealous member 
of the Dutch Reformed church. Silas C. Bennett, of 



11: 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Colorado, Charles C. Bennett, of Bay Ridge, and 
Clarence E. Bennett are the only ones of his six 
children who survive. Their maternal grandfather 
was Alfred Cook, long a judge of one of the courts 
of New Jersey and otherwise a prominent citizen 
of that state, whose daughter. Julia Cook, married 
Richard R. Bennett, and died at Bay Ridge in 
1864. 

Clarence E. Bennett was educated in the public 
schools at Bay Ridge and in the Brooklyn Poly- 
technic Institute and from the time of his gradua- 
tion until 1890 he was an enterprising, progressive 
and successful farmer. Since then he has lived a 
life of retirement from .-nunc pursuits, devoting him- 
self to the care of Ins estate and to the interests of 
the Dutch Reformed church, in which he has long 
been an active and influential member. In 1879 he 
married Annie C. Connolly, daughter of John C. S. 
Connonlly. the proprietor of the Monmouth County 
Weekly Herald, at Freehold. New Jersey, who was 
a prominent newspaper man of that state, as was 
his father before him. Mr. and Mrs. Bennett have 
had four children, three of whom are living: Rich- 
ard E., Estelle and John C. 

WILLIAM SCIIROEDER. M. D. 

Dr. William Schroeder, of Brooklyn, an ac- 
complished physician, who has rendered to his pro- 
fession services of signal usefulness as historian of 
various leading professional bodies, and to fraternal 
orders, equally useful service through very able and 
numerous papers on topics of great importance to 
them, was born July 26, 1854, m New York city. His 
parents were John Ernest and Johanna Henriette 
(Judenfiend) Schroeder. His father was born May 
2, 1825, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, and died 
December 23, 1890, in Brooklyn, Long Island. His 
mother was born December 9, 1821, in Leipsic, Ger- 
manv. and died December 4, 1S76, in Brooklyn, Long 
Island. 

William Schroeder, son of the parents above 
quired hi, education mainly through his 
own unaided effort. He received his early instruc- 
tion in public schools X"-. 13 and 27, iii Brooklyn, 
but ai tin eai 1 •. agi of eh \ en years h< ceased to be 
1 employment in a printing house, 

where In 3 1 made tin disi overy that to succeed 

he needed to po: 1 more ample knowledge than he 
then commanded. After two yi in of labor, during 
which time he wa .1 dil g< nl re; lei of such books 
as he could obtain, his means enabled him to attend 
1 I ,-i.ii.ni school for a term ol six months, at the 
end of that time resuming labor. About this time, 
following the cholera season of [866, • vcning schools 



were organized in Brooklyn and young Schroeder 
was among the very first to enter evening school No. 
7 held m school building No. 27. on Nelson street, 
under the principalship of L. H. Lewis, and he was 
one of its pupils for a number of winters. From 
1S7S to 1881 he was a student in the evening high 
school, under the principalship of James Cruikshank, 
LL. D., at which he was graduated with the class of 
1881. This period of three years was co-incident 
with his professional studies, for in 1878 he began 
his medical reading under the preceptorship of Dr. 
Charles A. H. de Szigethy, afterward matriculating 
with the Long Island College Hospital, at which he 
was graduated with the class of i88r. the year of 
the completion of his high-school studies in the 
night school. June 19, 1900, he was licensed as a 
pharmacist. Immediately after his graduation in 
medicine, Dr. Schroeder entered upon practice in his 
native city, where he continues to be actively and 
usefully employed. Possessed of a sturdy physique 
and a well disciplined mind, pursuing his calling with 
genuine enthusiasm, and never ceasing to be a stu- 
dent, delighting in an excellent library of profession- 
al and general literature, he has the characteristics 
and habits of thought and action which befit the 
capable and conscientious practitioner. 

Dr. Schroeder became connected with the follow- 
ing named bodies in the years severally designated: 
Alumni Association of the Long Island College Hos- 
pital, 1881 ; Medical Society of the County of King-,, 
1883; New York Physicians' Mutual Aid Associa- 
tion, 1883 ; Brooklyn Pathological Society, 1895 ; and 
Brooklyn Medical Society, 1897 ; Associated Physi- 
cians of Long Island, 1900. He has been the historian 
of some of these bodies, some of wdiich he is yet 
serving in that capacity, and his work in that rela- 
tion has been of enduring value. He has at various 
times delivered a large number of anniversary ad- 
dresses, many of which have been afforded a wide 
publicity through professional and other journals. 

His contributions to the fraternal press, during 
the period between 1884 and 1896, were very numer- 
ous, and their practical worth met with general and 
grateful recognition. The following 1- a partial list 
of the topics treated: Are You in Sound Health, 
The Ballot Box, The Ballot, Chanty, Committee 
Work (this article was republished). Dues and Bene- 
fits, living to Win, Examining Physicians in Odd- 
Fellow Lodges. Eighteen Years of Age Question, 
The Three Great Fraternities. Friendship, Faith, 
Fatherhood of God and the Brotherhood <<i Man. 
Generosity of Opinion, History of Odd Fellowship 
on Long Island (five articles). Lodge Physicians 
(two articles), Love. Medical Examination, The 
Nurse and his Relation to Odd Fellowship, Nation- 




tH^uty 



Af< 



'cfat/, 



/M27.. 



~^\ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



113 



ality in Odd Fellowship. The Reward of Odd Fel- 
lows. What Constitutes an Odd Fellow. The Ord.-r 
and its Philanthropy. A Member Never Dies a 
Pauper, Spread of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen. Pay As You Go, Religion and Odd Fel- 
lowship, Sociability. Truth, Widows and Orphans 
and Why Am I Insured. 

Between 1895 and 1901, Dr. Schroeder con- 
tributed to various medical journals articles entitled 
as follows: Early History of Medicine on Long 
Island: Dispensaries, Hospitals and Medical Societies 
of Kings County, 1830 to i860; Lodge Doctors; 
Council and Faculty of the Long Island College 
Hospital, i860; History of the Brooklyn Patholog- 
ical Society: History of the Medical Society of the 
County of Kings; Utility of Record in the Medical 
Profession; History of the Brooklyn Medico-Chir- 
urgical Society; Speakers at the Laying of the 
Corner Stone of the Medical Society, County of 
Kings; History of the Brooklyn Anatomical and 
Surgical Society; Speakers at the Celebration of the 
Inauguration of Vaccination, at the Medical So- 
ciety of the County of Kings; Meeting Places of the 
Medical Society of the County of Kings ; History 
of the Brooklyn Medical Society; Speakers at the 
Dedication of the new Library Building of the 
Medical Society of the County of Kings; History 
of the Apprentices' Library Building; and Physicians, 
Signers of the Declaration of Independence. 

He also contributed biographical sketches of the 
following named physicians and surgeons : John 
Carpenter, Thomas Wilson Henry, William B. Creed, 
Theodore L. Mason, John Sullivan Thome, George 
Marvin, the ex-presidents ot the Medical Society 
of the state of Xew York, from Kings county, 
Richard Cresson Stills, Lucius Hyde. Chauncey L. 
Mitchell, James Harvey ' Henry. Daniel Brooks, 
Timothy Anderson Wade, De Witt Clinton Enos, 
George I. Bennett, Samuel Boyd, Jr., Christopher R. 
McClellan, Samuel Hart, Joseph C. Hutchison, Abra- 
ham J. Berry, Eugene A. Graux, John Jones, Cad- 
wallader Colden, James L. Little, Valentine Mott, 
Samuel L. Mitchell. Alfred C. Post, Wright Post, 
Valentine Seaman, Samuel G. Arbor, Corydon La 
Ford. Daniel Ayres, Frank Haltings Hamilton, Will- 
iam Warren Green. Benjamin Howard and Alpheus 
Benning Crosby ; and obituary sketches of the fol- 
lowing named physicians and surgeons: Joshua 
Green Wilbur, George B. Sullivan. Arnold Stub, 
Lawrence Swan Woodall, Cornelius Schapps, Janus 
F. Feeley, William H. Caemere. George W. Neideck- 
er, William P. Bowser, James L. Kartright, Gus- 
tave Schmetzer, Julius E. Schroeder, Charles E. 
West, Robert F. Cunnion. Aaron E. Peck, Alexander 
J. C. Skene, William Webb Browning, Frank Stephen 



Milbury, Guthrie Rider Winder. James Byers War- 
den, John Henry Hobart Burge and John Barnard 
Busteed. 

Dr. Schroeder has also contributed valuably to 
the medical history contained in our present work, 
"The History of Long Island." 

The connection of Dr. Schroeder with the Ma- 
sonic fraternity has been as follows: Nassau Lodge, 
No. 536, F. A. M. (of which he is at present the 
senior deacon) ; raised. 1875; Master, 1886; Gate of 
the Temple Chapter, No. 203. R. A. M. ; High Priest, 
1895 ; Clinton Commandery. No. 14. K. T.. April 24, 
1901 ; Evangeline Chapter, No. 51, O. E. S„ admitted 
1894. Patron. 1895 to 1902; Brooklyn Masonic Veter- 
ans, admitted 1897. 

Dr. Schroeder was married. April 23, 1876. to 
Miss Charlotte Beck, of Brooklyn. One son born of 
this marriage is now living. William Schroeder, a 
talented young man. who is associated in practice 
with his father. He received his literary education 
in DeGay's classical school and in the Polytechnic 
Institute of Brooklyn. He began his medical studies 
under the preceptorship of his father, and took full 
courses in the Brooklyn College of Pharmacy and 
in the Long Island College Hospital, and was 
graduated in both the institutions named, receiving 
from the former the degrees of Graduate of Phar- 
macy and Doctor of Pharmacy, and from the latter 
the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He is a teacher 
in the bacteriological department of the Long Isl- 
and College Hospital, and is the present president 
of the Alumni Association of the Brooklyn College 
of Pharmacy, the youngest man who has ever occu- 
pied that position, and is a permanent member of 
the New York State Pharmaceutical Society and of 
the Kings County Pharmaceutical Society. 

JULIO JOHN LAMADRID. 

Our sister republics of the south have contributed 
to the United States many bright and progressive 
business and professional men. The medical profes- 
sion of Brooklyn welcomed to its ranks Dr. Julio 
John Lamadrid, a native of Barranquilla, United 
States of Colombia, who has achieved creditable 
standing as a physician and surgeon and as a 
citizen. 

Dr. Lamadrid was born April 14. 1850, a son 
of Adolph and Blasina (Marriaga) Lamadrid. He 
was educated at the Colegio de Lavalle y Pombo, in 
the town of Carthagena. In 1866 he came to New 
York and was a student at Manhattanville College 
and later at the University of New York, and in 
1871 was graduated in the medical department of 
the University of Pennsylvania with the degree of 



14 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Doctor of Medicine. He began the practice of his 
profession at Middletown, New York, and was suc- 
cessful from the first. From the fact that Middle- 
town is a center of much railway activity he had 
considerable surgery practice, and he recalls the fact 
that in one day he amputated fifteen fingers! He 
remained at Middletown two years and then lo- 
cated in Brooklyn, where he has gained a large 
practice and much personal and professional pop- 
ularity. He is a member of the Medical Society of 
the County of Kings, the Physicians' Mutual Aid 
Association of Xew York, the Alumni of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, the Union League Club and 
Marion and DeWitt Clinton Councils, Royal Ar- 
canum. He has written many papers, pamphlets 
and periodical articles of a professional and semi- 
professional character. 

Dr. Lamadrid was married, March 28, 1S71, to 
Miss Harriet A. Morey, daughter of John E. Morey, 
who was a member of the firm of French, Rich 
& Company, Philadelphia, and she has borne him 
five children: Elasina E. ; Harriet I., who married 
William H. Smith, of Brooklyn, and has a daughter 
named Dorothy Lamadrid Smith; Marie, who died 
at the age of two years ; Julio, who died at the age 
of nine months; and Ethel Adele. Dr. Lamadrid 
and his family are members of St. Mary's Epis- 
copal church, of Brooklyn. 

The Doctor's vacations are devoted to fishing 
and gunning, which are his favorite sports. He is 
a member, and is now serving his second term as 
president, of the Tolland Fish and Game Associa- 
tion, whose club-house and reserves are located ten 
miles from Winstead, Connecticut, where the as- 
sociation owns three hundred acres of land and leases 
about three thousand acres, all of which is well 
stocked with trout and game. 

WILLIAM II. B. PRATT, M. D. 

In the medical fraternity of. Brooklyn Dr. W. 
H. B. Pratt has acquired an enviable reputation as 
an earnest and proficient practitioner and a care- 
ful observer of the laws and ethics of his profes- 
sion, lie was born in Brooklyn October 16, 1842, 
and is a son of Henry Z. ami Lucy E. (Brace) 
Pratt, tin' latter a daughter of Thomas K. Brace, 
the originator and first president of the Aetna Fire 

In hi .mi.. ( pany, ..i Hartford, Connecticut, lie 

died in [864, a: 1I1.' age ■ .1 tin;, two y< ars 

()n the paternal side the Doctor is oi English 
lineage and traces his ancestrj back i" the Rev. 
William frail, ..i lierfordshire, England. His son, 
John Pratt, was born in England in 1620, ami after 
coming to the new world removed from Ma a 
chu etl to Hartford, Connecticut, in the year [636. 



His son and grandson,— the direct ancestors of the 
Doctor, — were also named John, and the line of 
descent is continued on down through William, 
Zachariah and Captain James Pratt, the last named 
the great-grandfather of our subject and a Revo- 
lutionary hero who loyally aided the colonies in 
their struggle for independence. His son, Harry 
Pratt, married Susan Cleveland, a sister of Will- 
iam Cleveland, the grandfather of ex-President 
Cleveland. Harry Pratt passed the Psalmist's span 
of three-score years and ten, dying at the advanced 
age of seventy-five, and his wife reached the extreme 
old age of ninety-eight years. Their son, Henry 
Z. Pratt, the Doctor's father, was a book publisher 
in New York city, where he carried on business for 
a number of years. He died in 1864, at the age of 
fifty-one years. In his family were nine children, 
four of whom are living, and of these the Doctor is 
the eldest. The others are Lucy, who married E. R. 
Kennedy, of the insurance firm of Weed & Ken- 
nedy, of New York; Emily, the wife of Edward 
T. Owen, professor of French in the University A 
Wisconsin ; and Susan C, who married Dr. Henry 
B. Favill, of Chicago, Illinois. 

In the public schools of Hartford, Connecticut, 
Dr. Pratt obtained his early education, continuing 
the course through the high school of that city, 
where his parents took up their residence when he 
was five years of age. Flis preparatory course being 
completed, he entered Yale College, in which he was 
graduated in 1864. He then matriculated in the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, in New York, 
and completed the regular course there in 1867, the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine being conferred upon 
him. 

Dr. Pratt became interne in Bellevue Hospital, 
and after a service of eighteen months in that insti- 
tution he went to Vienna, where he continued his 
medical studies for two years and a half. In i8"[ 
he located in the section of Brooklyn in which he 
now lives, and engaged in the practice of his pro- 
fession. He has a large general practice and never 
content with mediocrity he has so equipped himself 
by study, research and experience that he has long 
since left the ranks of the many to stand among 
the successful few. In iSgo he became visiting 
physician to the Methodist Episcopal Hospital, and 
since 1895 lias been consulting physician to that in- 
stitution. He is also a member of the Medical So- 
ciety of the County of Kings, and is deeply inter- 
ested 111 every subject that bears upon the problem 
of life and that will advance proficiency in his 
profession. 

(in the 28th of December. 1876, Dr. Trait was 
united in marriage to Miss Mary Houghton, daugh- 
ter of Albert G. Houghton, a brother of H. O. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Houghton, of the well known publishing Imum- m 
Houghton. Mifflin & Company, of New York. To 
this union have been born four children : Albert, 
who is a member of the class of loot in Cornell 
University; Lucy, a student in the Packer Collegiate 
Institute ; William, who is pursuing his education 
in the Polytechnic Institute; and Manila. The 
Doctor is a past master of Orion Lodge, No. 717, 
F. & A. M., and also belongs to the Brooklyn Rid- 
ing & Driving Club and the Carleton Club. He 
and his family attend services in the Grace Meth- 
odist Episcopal church. His is a well rounded char- 
acter and from him professional duties, the obliga- 
tions of citizenship and the pleasures of social life 
each receive an adequate degree of attention. Wher- 
ever known — and his acquaintance is a wide one — 
he receives the regard and esteem of all with whom 
he is associated. 

WILLIS LORD OGDEX. 

This name at once suggests a power in the 
world of trade, — a power that to a large degree con- 
trols and directs commercial interests. The day of 
small undertakings, especially in cities, seems to have 
passed and the era of gigantic enterprises is upon us. 
In control of mammoth concerns are men of master 
minds, of almost limitless ability to guide, of sound 
judgment and keen discrimination. Their progres- 
siveness must not only reach the bounds that others 
have gained, but must even pass beyond into new 
and broader, untried fields of operation ; but an un- 
erring foresight and sagacity must make no mistake 
by venturing upon uncertain ground. Thus con- 
tinually growing a business takes leadership in its 
special line and the men who are at its head are 
deservedly eminent in the world of commerce, oc- 
cupying a position that commands the respect while 
it excites the admiration of all. From a humble 
clerkship Willis Lord Ogden has risen to this present 
enviable position as one of the leading wholesale 
merchants of New York and his business record is 
one which any man might be proud to possess. 
Since he entered the business world he has been 
looked upon as a model of integrity and honor, 
never making an engagement that he has not ful- 
filled, and standing to-day an example of what deter- 
mination and force, combined with the highest de- 
gree of business integrity can accomplish for a man 
of natural ability and strength of character. He is 
respected by the community at large and honored 
by his business associates. 

Colonel Odgen was born in Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, October 21, 1843, and traces his ancestry 
back to Richard Ogden, who, with his brother John, 
left his home in England in the early part of the 



seventeenth century and settled .11 Fairfield, Con- 
necticut, where they had a grant of a large tract nf 
land, which also embraced a portion of Long Island. 
It is said that the brothers and their children were 
identified with the establishment and building of 
Trinity church. New York. The great-grandparents 
of our subject were Jonathan and Phebe (Dare) 
Ogden; the grandparents, Curtis and Ruth I Swin- 
ney) Ogden. and all were probably residents if 
Bridgeton, New Jersey. It was there on the roth 
of December, 1809. that Jonathan Ogden. the father 
of the Colonel, was born. He became a clothing 
merchant of Philadelphia, and in 1852 removed from 
that city to Brooklyn. For many years he was .1 
member of the firm of Devlin & Company, of New 
^ ork, and his business activity and ability gained 
him a leading position in commercial circles. For 
several years he was also president of the Long 
Island Insurance Company. He took a prominent 
and active part in public affairs, co-operating heartily 
in every movement which he believed would pro- 
mote the public good and was a stanch supporter 
of the principles of the Republican party, on whose 
ticket he was elected to the state legislature in 1877 
and again in 1879. He was a member of the Union 
League Club, of Brooklyn, and his ability made him 
a leader in business, political .and social life. He 
married Abigail Murphy and they became the par- 
ents of five children: Robert Curtis, a partner of 
John Wanamaker in the dry goods business in New 
York; Helen, the deceased wite of C. Delano Wood, 
of Brooklyn: Willis Lord: Harry C. who died at 
the age of twenty-eight years ; and Fannie Otis, 
who married Charles W. Ide. of Brooklyn. 

Colonel Willis L. Ogden was educated in the 
public schools and the Polytechnic Institute of 
Brooklyn, and when fourteen years of age entered 
upon his business career as a clerk in a hardware 
store in New York. He was thus engaged at the 
time of the breaking out of the Civil war. but with 
patriotic spirit aroused by the rebellion in the south, 
he offered his services to the government when only 
seventeen years old, enlisting at the "thirty days'' 
call, on the 23d of April, 1861. as a private of Com- 
pany G, New York State National Guard. The 
following year he re-enlisted and went with the 
regiment to Gettysburg. In the autumn of 1862 he 
was transferred to the Twenty-third Regiment, in 
which he was for several years captain of Com- 
pany K, and of which he became lieutenant colonel 
in 1SS1. After occupying that rank for a year he 
resigned from the service, in which he had been al- 
most continuously for twenty one years During that 
long period this famous regiment passed through 
some of the most exciting experiences in his history, 



116 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



making for itself a splendid record, reflecting credit 
and honor upon both officers and men. 

Soon after the close of the Civil war Colonel 
Ogden became connected with the wholesale trade, 
and his business activity has since been exercised 
along that line. For four years he was in the em- 
ploy of A. T. Stewart, and then entered the house 
of N. Sullivan & Company ; after beinj employed as 
a salesman for several years, he was admitted to the 
firm, continuing as such for twelve years. He then 
withdrew and in iSoo entered into partnership with 
James Brock, of England, in the establishment of 
what is now one of the leading wholesale houses 
of the city. Success lias attended the enterprise 
from the beginning, and its trade throughout the 
eastern half of the United States is very extensive. 
They do a large importing business and have woolen 
mills located at Broad Brook, Connecticut. In con- 
nection with his other business interests the Colonel 
is a director of the Brooklyn Savings Bank and the 
Brooklyn Trust Company, and his wise counsel and 
sound business judgment are a valuable acquisition 
to any enterprise with which he becomes associated. 

On the ist of June. 1870, Colonel Ogden was 
muted 111 marriage to Miss Ellen L. Smith, daughter 
of the late Mayor Cyrus P. Smith, of Brooklyn, 
Four children have been born unto them : Alice 
Lydia; Elsie H.. who married Alexander M. White, 
of Brooklyn; Lulu and Clara. The Colonel and his 
family are members of the First Presbyterian church. 
They reside in the Smith homestead on Pierpont 
street and their country seat is located in the Keane 
valley among the Adirondack mountains. 

Colonel Ogden takes a deep and abiding interest 
in everything pertaining to the public welfare and 
to the advancement of material, social, intellectual 
and moral interests. He is a member of the Young 
Men's Christian Association, the Society for the Pre- 
vention of Cruelty to Children, is connected with the 
Home for Consumptives and the Packer Institu;e. 
lie also belong-, to the Merchants' Central Club, 
the Hamilton Chili and the Young Men's Republican 
(hib, of Brooklyn, and though he has never sought 
or desired political preferment he has rendered much 
valuable service to the party of his choice and is 
a warm personal friend of Theodore Roosevelt, who 
has so recently become the president of the United 
States. He is the president of the Citizens' Union, 
which took a leading pari in tin- mayoralty campaign 
of 1001. This was a movement instituted by the 
best element in all political parties of Greater New 
York to overthrow the power of Tammany Hall, 
.Mid to be chosen as the leader of such a movement 
is certainly a high honor, indicating as it does that 



life exemplifies the spirit of highest citizenship, of 
honor in public life and of unquestioned fidelity to 
public duty. 

The success of that movement is a matter of 
history, and while Colonel Ogden was unwilling to 
accept any appointive, salaried office at the hands of 
the newly edected mayor, he was prevailed upon to 
become a member of the civil-service commission, 
of which he was immediately chosen chairman in ac- 
cordance with the intentions of Mayor Low. 

What Colonel Ogden has accomplished in the 
world of commerce cannot be adequately told in 
words. It is certainly not asserting too much to say 
of one who can direct ;.nd control a business of 
great magnitude that he must possess, aside from 
mercantile foresight and sagacity, the happy faculty 
of reading and judging men, unusual powers of or- 
ganization and executive ability; and yet, if one shall 
seek in Colonel Ogden's career the causes that have 
led to his success, they will be found along the lines 
of well tried and old time maxims. Honesty and 
fair dealing, promptness, truthfulness, fidelity, — all 
these are strictly enforced and adhered to. 

JAMES R. HOWE. 

Often do we hear it said of those who have at- 
tained distinguished honors that they were men who 
rose to eminence through adventitious circumstances, 
and yet to such carping criticism and lack of appre- 
ciation there needs be made but the one statement, 
that fortunate environments encompass nearly every 
man at some stage in his career, but the strong man 
and the successful man is he who realizes the in- 
trinsic value of minor as well as great opportuni- 
ties ; who stands ready to take advantage of circum- 
stances and even molds adverse conditions until they 
serve Ins ends. Mr. Howe was a man who knew 
when the opportunity for accomplishment was pre- 
sented. His business interests are to-day very ex- 
tensive and have been so carefully directed that he 
has become the possessor of a handsome and well 
merited competence. 

He was born in New York city January 27, 1839, 
and is a son of John and Ann Elizabeth Howe. His 
grandparents were John and Elsie (Robinson) 
Howe, and the ancestry of the family can be traced 
back to Nathaniel Howe, wdio settled in Stamford, 
Connecticut, about 1690. The first ancestor was 
Edward Howe, who came to America in 1635, tak- 
ing up his abode in Lynn, Massachusetts. The 
grandfather of our subject came to Long Island 
from Litchfield, Connecticut, and was the first of the 
name to locate in this section of the state. His 
wife was a lady renowned for her many womanly 
graces and ability of character. John Howe, the 




J>^WU> % , ^ < =^yx 



aTT, 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



I IT 



father of our subject, was born in Auburn. New 
York, and became a builder. 

James Robinson Howe pursued his education in 
the public schools of New York city and has greatly 
added to his knowledge in the broad field of ex- 
perience, observation and reading. When a young 
man he entered a dry goods store, acting in the ca- 
pacity of clerk until twenty-six years of age, when 
he found that through his industry and economy he 
had acquired capital sufficient to enable him to en- 
gage in business for himself on a small scale. He 
carried on a store in New York for three years and 
in 1869 came to Brooklyn, and succeeded II. P 
Morgan & Company, on Fulton street. There he 
carried on business for three years, on the expira 
tion of which period he removed to Williamsburg, 
opening his store on Grand street, where he was 
located for twenty years. In 1890 he retired from 
business, but indolence and idleness are utterly f<n- 
eign to his nature and he cannot content himself 
without active association with business affairs. He 
therefore again opened a dry goods store at Nos. 
287 and 291 Broadway, where he has since conducted 
one of the largest and most popular stores in Brook- 
lyn. It is supplied with a 'very complete stock of 
goods and the patronage is extensive, owing to the 
honorable business methods of the proprietor, wdio 
in all transactions is thoroughly reliable and trust- 
worthy. As his financial resources have increased 
he has made judicious investments in real estate and 
is now the owner of large landed interests in Will- 
iamsburg, also in Florida, where he has farming 
lands, kaolin mines and orange groves. He is a man 
of resourceful ability, whose efforts have been bj no 
means confined to one undertaking. His opinions 
always carry weight in business circles, and he is 
identified with a number of enterprises, including 
the Williamsburg Savings Bank, of which lie U a 
trustee. He has very diligently prosecuted his work 
and his earnings have brought to him an excellent 
financial return and classed him among the wealthy 
citizens of Brooklyn. 

Mr. Howe is also prominent in political, social an 1 
club interests. He is a member of the Union 
League, the Invincible, the Congress and the Han- 
over Clubs, of Brooklyn: is the vice-president of 
the Amphion Musical Society : a member of the 
Apollo Club, which stands without a peer in either 
of the boroughs comprising the Greater New York; 
a member of Clinton Lodge, No. 5,?. F. & A. M„ 
of Brooklyn: a life member and trustee of the 
Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences: a trustee 
of the Eastern District Hospital and Dispensary. 
the Williamsburg Savings Bank and also of the 
Eastern District Industrial Home for Poor Chil- 
dren, and is a life member of the Philadelphia Amer- 



ican Academy of Political and Social Science-. Mr. 
Howe has been a Republican all his life, voting for 
the first Republican president, the great liberator, 
Abraham Lincoln. He is fully alive to the import- 
ance of protecting and increasing our commerce and 
industries and has invariably been a stanch ad- 
vocate of sound finance, sound money, protection to 
American industry and high wages for American 
workmen. He keeps well informed on the issues of 
the day, and his close study of political questions 
has given him an insight into the conditions of af- 
fairs far beyond that of the majority of voters. In 
[894 he was elected to congress from the sixth dis- 
trict by a majority of nineteen hundred, the first Re- 
publican ever elected in the district. He discharged 
his duties so faithfully and with such strict regard 
for the best interests of his community that he was 
re-elected in 1896. by a majority of eleven hundred, 
when there were two opposing candidates in the field, 
that of the Democracy and the Independent Repub- 
licans. He has never been a politician in the sense 
of office seeking, his political preferment coming to 
him in recognition of his ability, his public spirit and 
his loyal devotion to the local good and to the na- 
tional welfare. His first nomination to congress was 
unsolicited, coming to him as a surprise. He was 
not even in the convention, but was at home and in 
bed at the time the nomination -was made. He took 
a prominent part in securing the enactment of the 
Industrial Commission Bill, the Dingley Tariff Act, 
the Bankruptcy Bill and was prominent in bring- 
ing about the defeat of the Pacific Railroad Funding 
Bill, thereby saving to the government more than 
twenty millions, all of which is in the United States 
treasury to-day. He also spoke on the floor of the 
bouse in favor of the appropriation of fifty millions 
at the breaking out of the war with Spain, having 
previously advocated on the floor of the house the 
cause of Cuba and the annihilation of Spanish power 
from the western hemisphere. He also introduced 
an amendment to the constitution for a uniform di- 
vorce law. both in the fifty-fourth and fifty-fifth con- 
gresses, also a bill giving preference to all honorably 
discharged soldiers in the government service, after 
having passed a civil service examination and being 
qualified. Throughout the war with Spain his voice 
and vote went to sustain the policy of the admin 
istration of William McKinley. He firmly refused 
to accept a nomination for a third term, although 
he was again and again urged to take it. 

In T899 he was nominated and elected register 
of Kings county, a most important position, which 
he still holds. He was the only Republican on the 
ticket elected, the four others being defeated by 
about fifteen thousand majority. Here can be seen 
the most clear demonstration that the principles thai 



L.18 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



had been the cardinal factors of his life's career still 
lived, they had not been laid aside, their luster re- 
mained undimmed. Mr. Howe had been long a stanch 
advocate of placing the register, the county clerk 
and the sheriff on a basis of a fixed salary and in 
this way abolish the fee system. A measure has 
passed the legislature making them salaried offices, 
and through the signature of the governor are now 
a part of the organic law of the state. Mr. Howe 
has refused to accept any of the fees that accrue to 
him by virtue of his office, and, therefore, over one 
hundred thousand dollars will remain in abeyance 
during his term. This sum, under the present char- 
ter, rightfully belongs to him, but he regards such 
an arrangement as unjust, and that it rightfully 
should serve to reduce the burden of the taxpayer. 
This a problem somewhat difficult to solve, but 
Mr. Howe has accomplished the solution in a Jove- 
like way. People rarely throw aside one hundred 
thousand dollars; Mr. Howe takes this position; he 
says in effect: "Under the law this money is mine, 
but I will not touch it, neither can you or any 
one else; for morally it is wrong. I will confer with 
any organized body as to what would be a proper 
compensation for my services, and that amount I 
will accept, but the remainder will be devoted to a 
purpose that will benefit and advance the interests of 
the people." His sterling integrity and great force 
of character are here in evidence and they have 
ever been so. He is a genuine Republican of un- 
swerving loyalty, but no political boss can rule or 
dictate to him, and this is a fact fully recognized. 
On the 27th of January, 1863. Mr. Howe was 
united in marriage to Eveline Burr, a daughter of 
John Burr, Esquire, of Fairfield, Connecticut, and 
New York city. Mr. Burr, an old resident of Fair- 
field, was a member of the Connecticut state legis- 
lature and has also rendered valuable service in 
the Indian disturbances of the early part of the cen- 
tury. Mrs. Howe is a lady of culture as well as 
charming personality, and is actively interested in 
all church and charitable work. Unto Mr. and Mrs. 
Howe have been born a son, James R., who is now a 
student in Cornell College, preparing for the prac- 
tice of law. In early life Mr. Howe took much in- 
terest in military affairs and belonged to various 
military companies. He had the honor of securing 
the return of the Forty-seventh Regiment from the 
Philippines. He is a member of Dr. Well's Presby- 
terian church, in which he has been ruling elder for 
twenty years. He is a trustee of the Eastern Dis- 
trict Hospital and Dispensary, also trustee of the 
Industrial Home 'if the eastern district. He is a 
very charitable and benevolent man. and the poor and 
needy count him among their friends, for no worthy 
one has ,-ver sought his aid in vain. His chief de- 



sire in life seems to be to serve his fellow men, and 
helpfulness might be termed the keynote of his char- 
acter. During the financial panic of 1893 and the 
winter of depression which followed, causing the 
most intense suffering among the poor of Brooklyn, 
he opened a station whereby to supply food, cloth- 
ing and fuel to the destitute of Brooklyn. Many 
thousands of dollars were paid out through this 
channel and much suffering relieved. He organ- 
ized a regular system of collecting and distribution, 
with a complete set of officers. In this way alone 
he fed over twenty-five thousand people, greatly al- 
leviating the general distress and getting work for 
the unemployed. This was a demonstration of pure 
philanthropy that will never be forgotten by his fel- 
low citizens. 

At this point it would be almost tautological to 
enter into any series of statements as showing our 
subject to be a man of broad intelligence and genuine 
public spirit, for these have been shadowed forth 
between the lines of this review. Strong in his in- 
dividuality, he never lacks the courage of his con- 
victions, but there are as dominating elements in his 
individuality a lively human sympathy and an abid- 
ing charity, which, as taken in connection with the 
sterling integrity and honor of his character, have 
naturally gained to Mr. Howe the respect and con- 
fidence of men. 

CAPTAIN ARTHUR R. JARRETT, M. D. 

Among the prominent physicians of Brooklyn is 
numbered Dr. Jarrett, who is serving as assistant 
surgeon of the Thirteenth Regiment of New York 
National Guards, with the rank of captain. He was 
born in that city July 8. 1854. a son of James Mifflin 
and Sarah Olivia (Heather) Jarrett, the former a 
native of London, England, the latter of Dungan- 
non, Ireland. The former came to Brooklyn about 
1S45. and the latter years of his life were spent as a 
chemist. He died in 1866, his wife surviving him 
until 1879. Their family consisted of eight children, 
four of whom are living, namely: Arthur R.. Al- 
fred G., Bertha Amy and Edwin Seaton. All are 
residents of Brooklyn with the exception of the last- 
named, who is a member of the firm of Swoeysmith 
& Company, well known civil engineers of New 
York. 

During his boyhood Dr. Jarrett attended tin pub- 
lic srh. 1. .Is of Brooklyn; Bordentown, New Jersey; 
and Downey, Iowa; and for a time was under pri- 
vate instruction. At the age of thirteen years he 
entered the United States navy as a third-class ap- 
prentice, was promoted to first-class apprentice and 
passed an examination to enter the Xaval Acad- 
emy, but was debarred 011 account of chronic sea- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



119 



sickness. In 1S71 he enlisted as a private in Com- 
pany E, Thirteenth Heavy Artillery. New York 
National Guards, and served as such for fourteen 
years. In the meantime he took up the study of 
medicine and was graduated at the Long Island 
College Hospital in 1879, since which time he has 
successfully followed the practice of his profession 
in Brooklyn. Some years after his graduation the 
Doctor took up a post-graduate course in the Poly- 
clinic of New York, and has devoted considerable 
time to dispensary work in Brooklyn. 

In 1885 Dr. Jarrett became assistant surgeon, 
with the rank of captain, of the Thirteenth Regi- 
ment, a position he still holds. He has received the 
twenty-five years' service gold medal of the state. 
At the outbreak of the Spanish-American war he 
volunteered with his battalion, being the only medical 
officer of the regiment to do so, passed the required 
examination and became captain and assistant sur- 
geon of the Twenty-second Regiment, United States 
Volunteers. The action of this battalion secured for 
the regiment from the state and nation the additional 
silver rings for its flag, and furthermore, had no 
part of the regiment volunteered, as it did. it is 
probably that it would not have been reorganized 
after the close of the war. During that struggle Dr. 
Jarrett was stationed in the military hospitals at 
Governor's Island, Willet's Point, Fort Slocum and 
Fort Hamilton. Upon being mustered out. Novem- 
ber 23, 1898, he went before an army examining board 
and passed an examination as acting assistant sur- 
geon of the United States army, in which capacity 
he served five months, receiving his discharge at 
the close of the war. Upon the reorganization of the 
Thirteenth Regiment, New York National Guard, 
he resumed his former rank. In 1895 and 1896 the 
Doctor was post surgeon of artillery at the state 
camp, and at various times has filled vacancies in 
other military bodies, so that he has a wide-spread 
acquaintance and popularity among the military and 
medical men of the state and county. He is second 
vice-president of the Acting Assistant Surgeons of 
the United States army, and is a member of the 
Association of Military Surgeons of the United 
States, the Naval and Military Order, the Officers 
Society of the Spanish-American war, the Army 
and Navy Club of New York, of which he has been 
secretary, and a member of the board of governors. 
and he has recently been elected major in the Na- 
tional Guard of New York, in recognition of his 
long and faithful service. He is also a member of 
the New England Society, the Montauk Club, the 
Medical Society of the County of Kings, the Brook- 
lyn Pathological Society, the Independent Royal 
Arch Lodge, No. 2, F. & A. M. Dr. Jarrett was 
one of the founders of the Bedford Bank of Brook- 



lyn and a member of its board of directors, In 
politics he is a Democrat, and was a member of the 
board of education from 1890 to 1896. He and his 
wife are connected with the Washington Avenue 
Baptist church and are highly respected by all who 
know them. 

The Doctor was married, October 29, 1886, to 
Mrs. Annie F. Seal, a daughter of Robert Thomp- 
son, Jr., of Brooklyn. She has one child by her 
first marriage, Harry E. Seal. 

ROBERT C. OGDEN. 

It is but just to say in a history that will descend 
to future generations that the business record of 
the gentleman whose name heads this sketch has 
been one that any man would be proud to possess. 
Beginning at the very bottom of the ladder, he has 
advanced steadily step by step until he is now occupy- 
ing a position of prominence and trust. Throughout 
his entire business career he has been looked upon 
as a model of integrity and honor, never making an 
engagement that he has not fulfilled and standing 
today as an example of what determination and 
force, combined with the highest degree of business 
integrity can accomplish for a man of natural ability 
and strength of character. He is respected by the 
community at large and honored by his business 
associates. He is the resident partner of the firm of 
John Wanamaker and is in control of their extensive 
New York dry-goods house. 

Robert Curtis Odgen was born in Philadelphia, 
June 20, 1836, and is a son of Jonathan and Abigail 
(Murphy) Ogden. lie was educated in the public 
and private schools of his native city, and at the age 
of seventeen entered upon his business career in the 
capacity of a clerk. He has since been connected 
with mercantile interests and has attained a place 
among the prominent representatives of this line in 
the country. His association with Mr. Wanamaker 
dates from January 1, 1879. From the time he be- 
gan he gave close attention to the mastery of 
business methods, and his application, earnestness 
and fidelity continually won him promotion. On the 
establishment of their New York store he took full 
charge of the house in the latter city. Mr. Ogden 
is widely known in mercantile circles as one of the 
most progressive business men connected with the 
retail trade in this country. His judgment is ac- 
curate: he forms his plans readily and is deter- 
mined in their execution. 

On the 1st of March, 1S60, Mr. Odgen was united 
in marriage to Miss Ellen Elizabeth Lewis, a daugh- 
ter of Walter O. Lewis, of Brooklyn, and to them 
were born two children: Julia Treadwell. wife of 
Dr. George W. Crary, of New Y..rk; and Helen, 



120 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



wife of Alexander Purves, who abandoned a lucra- 
tive business to become treasurer of Hampton In- 
stitute in Virginia. Mr. and Mrs. Purves have two 
children, — Ruth and Robert Ogden. 

Mr. Ogden is a gentleman of broad humanitarian 
principles and fervent philanthropic spirit, yet his 
beneficence is entirely without ostentation. He is a 
director in the Union Theological Seminary and of 
the board of home missions of the Presbyterian 
church. He holds membership in the Holland 
Memorial church, of Philadelphia, and was a most 
liberal contributor toward the erection of its beautiful 
house of worship. Outside of his business interests 
his attention is most largely given to educational 
subjects. Ever since the founding of the Hampton 
Institute he has been one of its earnest advocates 
and has rendered much valuable aid to its chief 
promoter, the late General Armstrong. He has made 
a close study of the needs of the negroes, under- 
stands their capabilities and believes in doing every- 
thing possible to advance them to the position which 
they are capable of filling. 

Mr. Ogden has always been interested in military 
affairs since his early association with the Twenty- 
third Regiment of the New York National Guard. 
He was a member of that organization for seven 
years, and with it served in the Gettysburg cam- 
paign during the Civil war, as a member of Com- 
pany I, and later with Company K, filling a posi- 
tion on the quartermaster's staff. He is a member 
of Lafayette Post. G. A. R. He is connected with 
various societies and organizations which have for 
their object social advancement and intellectual and 
esthetic culture. He belongs to the Union League 
Club, the Contemporary Club of Philadelphia, the 
Century Association, the National Arts Club, the 
Nineteenth Century and the Twentieth Century 
Clubs and the Army and Navy Club of New York. 
He i- also a member of the Pennsylvania Society of 
New York, and at the present writing is filling the 
position of vice-president. His is a well rounded 
character, and though in control of a very extensive 
busine - he does not allow it to monopolize his time 
to the exclusion of other interests connected with 
man's ethical morals or his improvement along in- 
tellectual lines. He is a man of marked individual- 
ity and strong force of character, and his influence 
for good has been exerted in a spirit of Christianity 
and brotherliness. 



The famil 
e of the ol 
spected fa, 



IE WYCKC 

■ is of Holla 



come to America were Peter and Claus Wyckoff, who 
landed here about the middle of the seventeenth cen- 
tury. Claus settled in New Jersey, but Peter, from 
whom the New York branch of the family is de- 
scended, located on Long Island. The land owned 
by him has been handed down from father to son 
to the seventh generation, being now occupied by 
John C. Wyckoff's sons, Abraham, John and Archi- 
bald. 

Abraham Wyckoff, son of Peter, was born No- 
vember 12, 1772, on the old homestead, where he 
spent his entire life as a farmer, dying there May 
6, 1846. He was married, April 16, 1796. to De- 
borah Stoothoff, who was born June 9. 1776, and 
died October 8. 1814. By this union w-ere born four 
children, namely: Gerrit S., born Monday, Sep- 
tember 11, 1797, died January 4. 1857; Peter, born 
Sunday, December 22. 1799. died October 22, 1827; 
Abraham, born Monday, January 23, 1804. died Sep- 
tember 3, 1804; and Maria, born Sunday, August 
18, 1805, is deceased. The father of these children 
was again married April 28. 1816. his second union 
being with Mrs. Ida (Williamson) Jones, widow of 
Mathew Jones. She was born July 21, 1782, and died 
June 7, 1870. By his second marriage Abraham 
Wyckoff had two sons: John A., mentioned be- 
low, and Williamson, born Friday, October 19, 1821, 

John A. Wyckoff was born Saturday, September 
6. 1817. and died March 16, 1891. He was also 
an agriculturist and remained upon the old home- 
stead farm throughout life. On the 6th of April, 
1843, he was united in marriage with Mary Ann 
Fletcher, who was born in Christian, Kentucky, May 
23. 1824. Their children were as follows: Abraham 
Jones, born April 11. 1844: John Calhoun, born Jan- 
uary 4. 1846 : Ida Maria, who was born December 
18, 1847, and died October 16, 1887: Helen Ann. who 
was born October 12, 1849, and was married. No- 
vember 18, 1874, to Ferdinand Higeman ; Elizabeth 
Johanna was born March 18. 1851, and was married 
November 1, 1876, to David J. Crossman : Sarah 
Louise, who was born November 4. 1853. and was 
married October 13, 1880, to William Ryder: and 
Archibald was born February 21. 1855. and was 
married in May. 1892. to Annie Wyckoff, 

PETER WYCKOFF. 

One of the historic landmarks of Brooklyn is 
the old Wyckoff homestead, at No. 1325 Flushing 
avenue. For one hundred and seventy-five years 
it has looked down upon the endless procession "of 
the young men. hot and restless: of the old. sub- 
dued and slow;" the British troops passed the door 
on their retreat after the battle of Long Island, and 
the war closed, transforming the country from a 




PETER WYCKOFF. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



L21 



British province to a republic. Progress lias been 
the watchword of the country, and the old home 
has been a mute witness of the many great changes 
that have been wrought ; it was in this homestead 
that the great-grandmother of our subject spent her 
days, Peter Wyckoff being of the fourth genera- 
tion that has here lived. 

The family is of Holland lineage and was founded 
in America by Peter Claus, who came from the land 
of dykes and in this section of the country pur- 
chased land from the Indians. The property has 
since remained in possession of his descendants, who 
have always followed agricultural pursuits. His 
son Nicholas became the father of Peter Wyckoff, 
who was born in 1704. and his son. another Nicholas 
Wyckoff, was born at Flatlands Neck, Long Island, 
and was the great-grandfather of our subject. The 
grandfather, Peter Wyckoff, was born near the old 
homestead in Brooklyn, while Nicholas Wyckoff, 
the father of our subject, was born in Bushwick. 
The names of Peter and Nicholas have been repeated 
alternately in successive generations down to the 
present. 

Nicholas Wyckoff, the father, devoted his en- 
tire life to the tilling of the soil and his enterprise 
and industry .combined with the rise in land value 
made him a wealthy man. His efforts, however, 
were not confined alone to one line, for during twen- 
ty-one years he served as president of the First Na- 
tional Bank, of Brooklyn. He was also one of the 
builders of the Grand Street & Newtown Railroad. 
In public affairs he was prominent and by appoint- 
ment served as supervisor of his township. He was 
a Whig in political sentiment, giving an earnest ^up- 
port to the principles in which he believed. He held 
membership in the Dutch Reformed church, in which 
he filled all the offices, and on the 24th of June, 
18S3, he passed away at the age of eighty-four years. 
His wife bore the maiden name of Sarah Ann John- 
son and was a daughter of Jeremiah and Sarah Ann 
(Repelje) Johnson. The wedding took place in 
December, 1826. Her father participated in the 
war of 1812. rose to the rank of general and did 
service at Fort Greene. For forty years he was 
supervisor of Brooklyn and throughout many years, 
or until his death, he was president of the St. 
Nicholas Society. He died in 1852. at the age of 
eighty-seven, leaving four children. 

Peter Wyckoff pursued his education in the local 
schools and at an early age began work on the 
home farm. Throughout his business career he has 
been identified with agricultural pursuits and is to- 
day the owner of a very valuable stock farm of 
five hundred acres, situated near Troy. New York, 
on which he raises fine blooded stock and cattle. 
He was also made president of the railroad which 



his father aided in building, and is a trustee of the 
Williamsburg Savings Bank, the largest in the 
borough of Brooklyn, becoming his father's suc- 
cessor in the business. 

Mr. Wyckoff was married to Miss Catherine 
Rapelyea, a descendant of the first white child born 
on Long Island, and they became the parents of 
three children: Charles R. ; Anna R.. the wife of 
John E. Van Nostrad ; and Sarah M., who married 
M. B. Streeter. 

In his political views Mr. Wyckoff has always 
been a Republican and has held many offices of honor 
and trust, always retiring therefrom as he had en- 
tered the office — with the confidence and good will 
of all concerned. No trust reposed in him has ever 
been betrayed in the slightest degree and over his 
public career and his private life there falls no 
shadow 1 if wrong. He is a gentleman of the old 
school, hale and hearty, courteous and considerate 
and possessing wealth that enables him to dispense 
hospitality to his many friends with a lavish hand. 
He is an active member of the First Reformed 
church, of Williamsburg, and also belongs to the 
St. Nicholas Society of Nassau County, the Holland 
Society of New York Colonial Wars and the Union 
League Club, of Brooklyn. 

FRED M. NEHRBAS. M. D. 

On the list of medical practitioners at Flatbush 
appears file name of Dr. Nehrbas. He was born 
December 25, 1867. His father. Anton Nehrbas, 
was burn in Germany and came to the United States 
in 1850, taking up his abode in New York. In i860 
be removed to Brooklyn and is still living in that 
city, at the age of seventy-eight years. During his 
early life he engaged in the manufacture of shoes, 
but subsequently turned his attention to bookbind- 
ing, in which business he is actively engaged as a 
member of the firm of A. Nehrbas & Son, their 
enterprise being located on Williams street. He 
married Miss Christine M. Rauchkolb, of Germany, 
who died in 1895. survived by five of her eleven 
children. The late Judge Charles J. Nehrbas, of 
New York, is a cousin of the subject of this review. 

Dr. Nehrbas pursued his literary education in the 
public schools. When it became time to make a 
choice of the calling to which be should devote 
his energies through life he resolved t<> become a 
member of the medical profession, and to this end 
he entered the Long Island College Hospital, where 
be was graduated in the class of 1S91. He was then 
appointed physician to the King's County Lunatic 
Asylum and remained there and in the state service 
until 1899. He has made a comprehensive study 
of nervous diseases and insanity and is an expert in 



122 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



this line, his ability being widely acknowledged 
by the profession and public. He belongs to the 
Kings County Medical Society. 

On the 6th of February, 1894. occurred the mar- 
riage of Dr. Nehrbas and Miss Mary F. Bouffler, 
a daughter of John Bouffler, of Brooklyn, and three 
children grace their marriage : Theresa A., Edna 
G. and Albert. In his social affiliations the Doctor 
is a Mason. 

ALGERNON SIDNEY LEONARD, M. D. 

This well-known and prominent physician of 
Brooklyn was bom in New York city April 4. 1842, 
and is a son of Moses Gage and Catherine (Bar- 
mure) Leonard, the former a native of Stafford, 
Connecticut, the latter of Rockland county. New 
York. In early life the father took quite a promi- 
nent and active part in public affairs. In 1840 he 
was elected on the Democratic ticket as alderman 
from the ninth ward, New York, and in 1846 was 
appointed almshouse commissioner for a term of 
three years. He was a member of the first common 
council of that city in 1850. During the Civil war 
he was one of the leaders in organizing the Sixth 
Regiment, New York Artillery, and President Lin- 
coln appointed him provost of the tenth congres- 
sional district. He was an active advocate of aboli- 
tion, and was a stanch supporter of the Repub- 
lican party from its organization until his death, 
which occurred March 20, 1S90. He reached the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-nine years and nine months, and 
his wife, who still survives, is also eighty-nine years 
of age, while their married life extended over a 
period of sixty-seven years. The family on both 
sides is noted for longevity. Our subject's mater- 
nal grandmother reached the very unusual age of 
one hundred and two years and three months, while 
two paternal uncles lived to be ninety-three and 
ninety-eight years, respectively. The following chil- 
dren were born to the parents of our subject: Charles 
H., a resident of Sullivan county. New York; Au- 
gusta, wife of John B. Pomeroy, of Nyack. New 
York; Emma, wife of William Chauncey Kibbe, of 
Brooklyn; Algernon Sidney, our subject; Cassie, who 
married Dr. A. J. Steele, of St. Louis, and died 
in 1880; Josephine, wife of Frank Kellog. of New 
York. 

I >i Leonard acquired his literary education in a 
private school in New York and Dr. Fitch's Boys' 
Seminary in Windham county, Connecticut. His 
preparations to enter the medical profession were 
made at the (.'ullcgc of Physicians and Surgeons of 
New York city, where he was graduated, with the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine, in 1866. After one 
year spent in the Charity Hospital on Randall Isl- 



and, he embarked in private practice at Woodstock, 
Connecticut, where he remained until 1883, and then 
came to Brooklyn, occupying his present home at 
No. 131 McDonough street since 1884. He has met 
with marked success as a general practitioner, and 
for some time had charge of the Home for Aged 
Colored People. Fraternally he is a member of 
the Medical Society of the County of Kings and of 
the Windham County (Connecticut) Medical So- 
ciety. 

On the 10th of January, 1868, Dr. Leonard was 
united in marriage with Miss Harriett Phillips, of 
Woodstock, Connecticut, and they have had five 
children, two of whom died in infancy. Those liv- 
ing are Maude L. ; Effie B., the wife of Louis G. 
Leverick, of Brooklyn, by whom she has one child, 
named Leonard Phillips ; and Clara K. The Doctor 
and his family are active members of the Tompkins 
Avenue Congregational church, and in his political 
affiliations he is a Republican. In social as well as 
professional circles he stands deservedly high. 

ALVIN G. KOEHLER. 

"Earn thy reward ; the gods give naught to sloth," 
said the sage, Epicharmus, and the truth of the ad- 
monition has been verified in human affairs in all 
the ages which have rolled their course since his 
day. The subject to whose life history we now 
direct attention has, by ceaseless toil and endeavor, 
attained a marked success in business affairs, has 
gained the respect and confidence of men and is re- 
garded as one of the distinctively representative 
citizens of his section of Brooklyn. He is now pro- 
prietor of a large and well equipped pharmacy and 
is conducting an extensive and profitable business. 

Mr. Koehler was born in Brooklyn December 5, 
i860, and is a son of John G. and Louisa Koehler. 
His preliminary education was obtained in the pub- 
lic schools and when he was thirteen years of age 
he went with his brother and sister to Europe, 
where for two years he studied under the private 
instruction of the Rev. Adolph Koehler, in Coburg, 
Saxony. There he mastered Latin and French, in 
addition to a number of classic and scientific branch- 
es. Upon his return he entered his father's drug 
store and began to master the underlying principles 
of pharmacy. Desiring to become thoroughly qual- 
ified for his chosen calling, he entered the College 
of Pharmacy of New York city, in which he was 
graduated with the class of 1882. He afterward 
entered upon a practical experience in that line as 
proprietor of a drug store. In 1888 he again joined 
his father and with him remained until 1893, when 
he decided to enter business for himself, and opened 
his present establishment at No. 1691 Broadway. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



123 



There he has a well appointed store, filled with a 
large and complete stock. He does both a wholesale 
and retail business, but makes a specialty of the re- 
tail and prescription trade. His thorough under- 
standing of the business, combined with his care in 
filling prescriptions, has gained him a reputation as 
a most reliable pharmacist and his patronage is 
steadily increasing. He is a member of the German 
Pharmaceutical Society of New York and of the 
State Pharmaceutical Association. 

In 1891 Mr. Koehler was united in marriage to 
Miss E. A. Saake, a daughter of Henry Saake, and 
unto them have been born two children, Alvin G. 
and Edith A. The parents are connected with St. 
Paul's Catholic church and are well known resi- 
dents of their section of Brooklyn, where they have 
many friends. The success which Mr. Koehler has 
achieved in his business affairs is the outcome of 
his well directed labors, his close application and 
energy. His life demonstrates what may be ac- 
complished through the possession of these qual- 
ities — qualities which may be cultivated by all. 

WILLIAM H. PORT. 

Prominently identified with the building interests 
of Brooklyn is William H. Port, an enterprising 
man whose success in life is attributable entirely to 
his own efforts. Prompted by a laudable ambition 
to achieve success he has worked steadily, and as 
the architect of his own fortune he has builded 
wisely and well. 

A son of James and Alvira (Snow) Port, the 
subject of this review was born in New York city 
November 8, 1854. His father was born in Camden, 
New Jersey. December 6, 1824, and was a son of 
Hartman Port. He was reared to manhood in Phil- 
adelphia, whence he removed to New York city, 
where he was for some years engaged in business 
as a ship joiner. He died in Brooklyn November 
24, 1894. and his wife passed away April 17, 1891. 
She was born August 15, 1834, in Chaplin. Con- 
necticut, her parents being Samuel Sheffield and 
Alvira (Pond) Snow. The latter was a descendant 
of an old New England family and among its rep- 
resentatives several obtained distinction in the naval 
and military circles of the United States. James and 
Alvira Port were the parents of eleven children. 
Sarah A. is the wife of Aaron Warford, of Brook- 
lyn. William H. is the next in order of birth. 
Lucy E. is the wife of Frederick Gruner, of Brook- 
lyn. Lowell M. died January 27, 1895, at the age 
of thirty years, leaving a widow and three children. 
Francis died July 30, 1898, leaving a widow and one 
child. He was a celebrated musician and was prom- 
inent in musical circles in Brooklyn and Xew York 



city. He pursued his musical studies in Brussels, 
Germany, under the renowned Professor Ysaye, 
and was for some time an active member of the 
New York Philharmonic Society of New York city. 
Susan became the wife of Benjamin Lowe, of Brook- 
lyn. The other members of the family are all de- 
ceased. The parents were consistent Christian peo- 
ple, respected by all who knew them. 

The public schools of the metropolis and of 
Brooklyn afforded William H. Port his educational 
opportunities, but at the early age of fourteen years 
he started out in life for himself, and in consequence 
was forced to abandon his text-books. He began 
learning the carpenter's trade, which he mastered 
in every department, and for fifteen years he was 
employed as an apprentice and journeyman. On the 
expiration of that period, at the age of twenty-nine, 
having become well known in business circles, he 
began contracting on his own account and his busi- 
ness has steadily increased both in volume and im- 
portance. He now employs about thirty-five com- 
petent carpenters and for several years has been 
recognized as one of the leading builders in Green - 
point. Among some of the important contracts he 
has executed are the Drumgoole church at Mt. 
Loretta, Staten Island, which was erected at a cost 
of four hundred and seventy-five thousand dollars ; 
St. Mary's church at Poughkeepsie, New York, 
worth seventy-five thousand dollars ; St. Mary's 
church and parochial school in Long Island city ; the 
Newkirk avenue public school No. 89, of Brooklyn, 
which was erected at a cost of fifty thousand dol- 
lars; public school No. 118, Fourth avenue, Brook- 
lyn, worth seventy-five thousand dollars ; a number 
of stations for the Long Island Railroad Company 
and the Long Island City Railroad Company; the 
power house for the New York City & Queens 
County Railroad Company ; and public school No. 
126 at Greenpoint, the last named now in course 
of construction and costing three hundred thousand 
dollars. He has also built between two and three 
hundred dwellings, as well as several large coal 
pockets. He now has contracts amounting to two 
hundred and fifty thousand dollars. The buildings 
mentioned indicate the character of his work, lor 
large contracts of that kind are never given to any 
but men of well known reliability. He has also 
handled considerable real estate, and at the present 
time is the owner of a number of houses and lots. 
He is also a member of the Greenpoint Board of 
Trade and the Manufacturers Association of New 
York city. 

On the 27th of January. 1880, Mr. Toil was 
united in marriage to Miss Harriet Sanborn, an 
Ohio lady. They have many friends 111 the commu- 
nity and are held in high regard for their many 



124 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



excellencies of character. Integrity, activity and en- 
ergy have been the crowning points in the career 
of Mr. Port, and few men are more widely or favor- 
ably known in the city of Brooklyn. 

ADRIAN MESEROLE. 

Throughout his entire life Adrian Meserole has 
been prominently identified with the upbuilding and 
advancement of Greenpoint, and has probably done 
more to advance its interests than any other man. 
He was born in 1822. in the house where he now 
resides on Lorimer street, it being the old 
Meserole mansion. Although the city has grown 
up all around it. it -till retains many of the quaint 
characteristics of the early farm homestead. A 
large lawn spreads out in front of the house, with 
stumps of trees that were once the charm of the 
place. The farm, embracing forty acres, owned by 
Peter Meserole, the father of our subject, extended 
on the north side from a point half way between 
Calyer street and Meserole avenue, and southward 
to the present Norman avenue. This place was laid 
out in 1845, and two years later was divided into 
town lots. It was about this time that the farms 
of Greenpoint began to disappear and a village 
sprang up in their place. South of Peter Meserole's 
farm was the farm of Captain John Meserole, be- 
tween what is now Norman and Nassau avenues, 
and south of the latter avenue was the farm of John 
G. Van Cott. while the Peter Calyer farm was north 
of Peter Meserole's pi. ice. Fronting on East river 
in successive order northward were the farms of 
Jacobus Cayler, the late L. S. Thomas, John A. 
Meserole and John Meserole. through all of which 
passed the present Franklin street. The Griffin farm 
extended from Newton creek southward to Green 
street, and south of that was the Provost farm. 
Peter Meserole also had a lot of twenty acres in 
what is now the center of Greenpoint, on which 
stands nearly all of the churches of that place, name- 
ly: The Tabernacle. German Evangelical, St. An- 
thony's Kent Street Reformed. Presbyterian, Noble 
Street BaptiM and Ascension Episcopal. The 
farm of John A. Meserole was the first to lie di- 
vided into building lot-, this being in 1835. and 
the first house of the village was erected in 18.^9. 
but within ten years Greenpoint had secured a good 
start. 

During In- boyhood Adrian Meserole attended 

t school, crossing the fields. 

road in Greenpoint at that 
get from one farm to an- 

through gates. The school- 
lear the old Bushwick church, near what 
Bushwick road, then railed the Wood- 



then- bcine, no regular 
time. The only way t 
other was by paths am 



point road, and the teacher "boarded round" among 
the farmers. After leaving school, at the age of 
seventeen, Mr. Meserole worked on the old home 
farm for several years. For a time he was en- 
gaged in the grocery business on the corner of Man- 
hattan and Meserole avenues, and later was en- 
gaged in the brass hardware manufacturing busi- 
ness for ship uses in New York city until 1869, since 
which time he has devoted his attention to his ex- 
tensive real-estate interests. He has done con- 
siderable building, erecting nearly sixty houses in 
the Greenpoint district, and is one of the heaviest 
property owners in that section. He is also a di- 
rector of the Mechanics & Traders Bank and a 
trustee and vice-president of the Greenpoint Sav- 
ings Bank. He has made for himself an honorable 
record in business and is deserving of prominent 
mention among the leading and representative citi- 
zens of Greenpoint. 

On September 17, 1856, Adrian Meserole married 

Miss Mary Monfort, and by their union two children 

were born, namely: Catherine, wife of Dr. William 

I C. Hands, a practicing physician of the Harlem dis- 

1 trict of New York city, their children being Alfred 

1 C, Adrian, May, William and Edna ; and Walter 

Monfort, who married Julia A. Du Bois, and had 

one child, Katherine Du Bois. The mother died in 

' 1887. and W. M. Meserole married Miss Ellen A. 

Wooster. Mr. Meserole has always attended the 

j Reformed church and is also a member of the 

I Holland Society of New York. As a citizen he ever 

stands ready to discharge any duty devolving upon 

him, and has taken an active interest in promoting 

the welfare of his town, encouraging and financially 

aiding all enterprises for the public benefit. 

RICHARD C. BREWSTER. M. D.. M. D. S. 

Among the members of the dental fraternity in 
Brooklyn whose peculiar fitness for the profession 
have won them enviable rank is Richard Caldwell 
Brewster. New York is the state of his nativity, 
his birth having occurred in Middletown on the 
14th of January, 1844, his parents being Joseph and 
Charlotte (Newmann) Brewster, also natives of the 
Empire state. There were seven children in their 
family, namely: George Henry; Charles: Mary 
Elizabeth, widow of Maurice Faucon : Josiah A.: 
Charlotte, widow of Dr. Jason Van Housen ; Richard 
C. : and John Wickham, a resident of Omaha. Ne- 
braska. 

Turning back the pages of the life history of 
Dr. Brewster to an account of his boyhood we find 
that he pursued his 'studies in the College of the 
City of New York. Putting aside his text-books, be 
entered the business world in 1864. ami in 1865-6 




^Misc (Ux/ csfctLj zAt ^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



125 



he pursued the study of law. after which he became 
identified with educational interests as a teacher in 
Goshen, New York, where he remained until 1868. 
He then took up the study of dentistry, and in 187S 
won from the state board of examiners the degree 
of Master of Dental Surgery. Under the direction 
of his brother-in-law, Dr. Van Housen. and of Dr. 
Henry C. McLean he completed a course of medicine 
in the Long Island College Hospital, from which he 
was graduated in 1890. While a student in that 
institution he also acted as dental surgeon in its 
hospital, and was dental surgeon to the Church 
Charity Foundation, of Long Island, from 1872 un- 
til 1899, and to the Waverly Avenue Dispensary for 
six years. He is a member of the Medical Society 
of the County of Kings, the Kings County Medical 
Association, the Brooklyn Pathological Society, the 
First District Dental Society, the Second District 
Dental Society, the Brooklyn Dental Society and the 
New York Odontological Society. 

Dr. Brewster was married December 21, 1870. to 
Miss Carrie C. Lasher, a daughter of Brigadier-Gen- 
eral Philip H. Lasher, of Dutchess county. New 
York. The Doctor is past regent of the Long Isl- 
and Council. No. 173, Royal Arcanum, a member 
of Alpha Lodge, A. O. U. W., and a member of 
the Oxford Club. He has been for ten years a 
member of the board of managers of the Church 
Charity Foundation. 

HENRY S. JEWETT, M. D. 

Dr. Henry Shipman Jewett, one of the leading 
physicians of Brooklyn, was born in New Britain, 
Connecticut, December 4, 1837. a son of the Rev. 
Spofford Dodge and Abigal (Shipman) Jewett. He 
is of the eighth generation of the line of descent from 
Edward Jewett, of Lancaster, England, who emi- 
grated to America in 1635, with the Rev. Ezekiel 
Rogus and his colony, and settled in Rowley, Massa- 
chusetts. From the original founder of the family 
the line of descent is traced down through Joseph 
Jewett, Sr. ; Joseph Jewett, Jr. ; Dean Jeremiah 
Jewett; Dr. Jeremiah Jewett, of Barnstead, New 
Hampshire; and the Rev. Spofford Dodge Jewett, of 
Middlefield, Connecticut ; finally to Dr. Henry Ship- 
man Jewett, of Brooklyn, New York. The grand- 
father of our subject, Dr. Jeremiah Jewett. was a 
prominent physician of Barnstead. New Hampshire. 
He married Temperance Dodge, born in Rowley, 
now Georgetown, Massachusetts, in 1772, and died in 
Barnstead, at the age of one hundred years and 
seven months. Her parents, Jeremiah and Judith 
(Spofford) Dodge, were residents of the Bay state, 
the latter being a native of Windham. Their 
daughter, Judith, became the wife of Thomas Pea- 



body, of Haverhill, Massachusetts, who served as a 
soldier in the war of the Revolution, and died in the 
year 181 1. He was the father of George Peabody, 
the famous banker and philanthropist of London, 
England. 

The Doctor's father was a graduate of Dart- 
mouth College, also of the Andover Theological 
Semininary and was a noted Congregational clergy- 
man. His given names perpetuated the family 
names of both the Spoffords and the Dodges. He 
married Abigal Shipman, and after devoting many 
years to the ministry, he was called to his final rest, 
in 1888, at the age of eighty-eight years. His wife 
also died within one month of that time, at the age 
of eighty years. Seven children were born unto this 
worthy couple : Levi, who was a surgeon of the 
Fourteenth Connecticut Regiment during the Civil 
war and has since engaged in the practice of medi- 
cine in New York city ; Henry S., of this review ; 
Mary, who died at the age of eighteen years; Will- 
iam, who is engaged in merchandising in New York : 
Martha, the wife of Henry L. Co?, president of the 
Manhattan Brass Company, of New York ; Charles, 
a graduate of the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons, of New York, and now a medical practitioner 
at No. 162 West Twenty-second street, Ncu York 
city, where he has been located for the past thirty 
years; and Annie, wife of Everett W. Day, of West- 
chester, Connecticut. 

Dr. Jewett of this review was educated in Bacon 
Academy, in Connecticut, and in Amherst College, in 
which he was graduated with the class of 1858. 
The degree of Bachelor of Arts was then conferred 
upon him, and three years later he received the de- 
gree of Master of Arts. Through a considerable per- 
iod subsequent to his graduation Dr. Jewett success- 
fully followed the profession of teaching, being em- 
ployed in that capacity at Williston Seminary, at 
East Hampton, Massachusetts, for two years, in the 
Academy at Meriden, Connecticut, for four years, 
and in the Poughkeepsie Female Collegiate Institute 
for five years. He was principal of the Pough- 
keepsie Military Institute for six years, and of the 
Ossening Institute for Young Ladies, at Sing Sing. 
New York, for nine years. On the close of this long 
period of educational work he resumed the study 
of medicine, which he had begun in 1866, and was 
graduated in the New York University in 1886. He 
then located in Brooklyn, where he has since built up 
a large and lucrative practice. For several years he 
was medical examiner for the Preferred Accident 
Insurance Company, of New York, and from 1S88 
until 1892 he was assistant sanitary inspector for the 
Brooklyn board of health. 

In July, 1866, Dr. Jewett was united in marriage 
to Miss Harriet Rice, of Poughkeepsie, New York, 



1-26 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



a daughter of the Rev. C. D. Rice, for many years 
pastor of the Congregational church of that city, ami 
later president of the Poughkeepsie Female Collegiate 
Institute for ten year?. The Doctor and his wife have 
had three children, of win 'in two are living. Grace 
and Mabel. The former is the wife of Charles S. 
Parsons, of Brooklyn, and has two sons, Charles 
Jewett and Donald Parsons. 

JAMES PETER WARBASSE. 

There is no question that the patriot stock of 
Revolutionary times has produced some of our best 
citizens in every generation covered by our national 
history. James Peter Warbasse, one of the most 
widely known physicians of Brooklyn, is descended 
from patriot forefathers, and has an ancestral history 
of more than usual interest. Of all his ancestral line 
on both his father's and mother's sides there is not 
a grandparent who came to this country since the 
war of the Revolution. His American blood purely 
antedates the Revolution. Dr. Warbasse was born 
in Newton, Sussex county, New Jersey, November 
22, 1866, and is a son of Joseph and Delphine 
(Northrup) Warbasse, a grandson of "Squire" 
Peter and Anna (Struble) Northrup, a great-grand- 
son of Anthony and Mary (Kays) Struble, and a 
great-great-grandson of John Kays, who was a lieu- 
tenant in Captain Gunterman's Company, the Second 
New Jersey Regiment, in the Revolution. He was 
one of the little baud which accompanied Mont- 
gomery at the attack on Quebec, and who was by the 
side of this b,ave leader when he fell. On his 
Grandfather Northrup's side Dr. Warbasse is a lin- 
eal descendant of Joseph Northrup, who came to 
Connecticut from Yorkshire, England, in 1637, and 
from whom descended a line of Revolutionary sol- 
diers. 

The Doctor'- paternal grandparents were James 
Ryerson and Anna (Tuttle) Warbasse; and his 
great-grandfather was "Citizen" Joseph Warbasse, 
a village blacksmith of Newton, New Jersey, and a 
man of unusual ability. "Citizen" Joseph was a pub- 
lic-spirited man, a student of history and a speaker 
of much force and ability. IK- was married, in 1786, 
to Phoebe Hull, one of the "ten Hull girls." The 
parent-, of "Citizen" Joseph Warbasse were Peter 
and Maria (Schcmlin) Warbasse, who were among 
the early Moravian settlers of Bethlehem and Naza- 
reth, Pennsylvania, and the valley of Delaware. 
Peter Warbasse, born in 1722, came from Jutland, 
Denmark, in 175.;. and was a deacon in the colony, 
lb- helped build the firsl house in Bethlehem, and 
was active in the hazardous work oi planting col- 
onics in the interior. Ih~ name 1- prominent in 



He was one of the survivors of the Indian massacre 
at Gnadenhutten. His son, Peter, was a patriot sol- 
dier in the Revolutionary war and was killed fighting 
the Indians in Virginia. Uriah Terry, another of the 
paternal grandparents of the subject of this sketch, 
was one of the patriot survivors of the Wyoming 
massacre. Joseph and Delphine (Northrup) War- 
basse had four children: Charles Sumner Warbasse 
is a practitioner of law in Brooklyn, New York; 
James Peter Warbasse is the immediate subject of 
this notice ; Joseph Warbasse, Jr., is deceased ; Her- 
bert Northrup Warbasse graduated from LaFayette 
College, in 1900, and is engaged in the study of 
law. 

Dr. James Peter Warbasse received his primary 
education in private schools at Newton, Sussex coun- 
ty. New Jersey, and took a classical course at the 
Newton Collegiate Institute. He then took up the 
study of medicine and was graduated in the medical 
department of Columbia College, New York, in 18S9. 
While in Columbia he taught French in a private 
school in New York. After taking his medical de- 
gree he did not go at once into private practice, but 
for two years thereafter was a member of the house 
staff of the Seney Methodist Episcopal Hospital, 
Brooklyn. Then he went abroad and entered the 
University of Gottingen, Germany, wdiere he devoted 
himself especially to the study of surgery and path- 
ology. Later he continued' his studies in the Uni- 
versity of Vienna. He returned to America and 
began the practice of his profession in the fall of 
1892. He was appointed assistant attending surgeon 
to the Seney Methodist Episcopal Hospital, and 
while building up a successful general practice has 
given special attention to surgery. He has occupied 
his surgical position at the Seney Hospital since 
1S92. He was the surgical chief in its out-patient 
department in 1S94-99. In the Spanish- American 
war of 1S98 he entered the United States Army as 
acting assisting surgeon, with the rank of first lieu- 
tenant, in the Third Division of the Seventh Army 
Corps, with which he served in Florida; and in the 
same capacity he served in the Second Division of 
the same corps at Savannah, and in Cuba with 
General Fitzhugh Lee. Since then he has been as- 
sistant surgeon and captain on the colonel's staff in 
the Thirteenth Regiment, Heavy Artillery, New 
York National Guard. 

Dr. Warbasse is a member of the Medical So- 
ciety of the County of Kings (censor in mm 1 ; the 
New York Stale Medical Society; the Brooklyn 
Surgical Society, of which he was president in 
1900-01 ; the Brooklyn Pathological Society, of which 
he was president in 1S07: the Associated Physicians 
of Long Island; the Association of Military Sur- 
geons "f the United Slates; the Association of Act- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



12< 



ing Assistant Surgeons of the United States Army 
of the Spanish-American War, of which he is secre- 
tary ; the Alumni Association of the Seney Hospital, 
of which he was president in 1893 ; and the Long- 
Island Alumni Association of the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons. He is also a member of 
the Military Service Institution of the United States, 
of the Lincoln Club, and of Orion Lodge, No. 717, 
Free and Accepted Masons. 

Dr. Warbasse is a well known writer on surgery. 
He was a collaborator and one of the American au- 
thors in the preparation of the "International Text- 
book of Surgery," published in 1900, which is re- 
garded as the foremost work of its kind in the Eng- 
lish language. He has written a large number of, 
articles on surgical subjects; he has read a large 
number of surgical papers before scientific societies ; 
and he has been a prolific contributor to the literature 
of surgery. He is the author of many criticisms of 
the new works on surgical subjects. Besides his 
literary and scientific attainments he finds time to in- 
dulge his passion for swimming in summer and skat- 
ing in winter, and he is recognized as one of the 
most expert rifle shots in the National Guard. He 
is a devoted and indefatigable collector of pictures 
bearing upon the history of medicine. He has a col- 
lection of portraits of medical men, from the early 
Greeks and Romans down to the present time, which 
is one of the largest collections of its kind in the 
United States. 

WILLIAM N. FRAZER. M. D. S. 

The term mediocrity has no association with the 
professional history of Dr. Frazer, for long since he 
has left the ranks of the many to stand among the 
successful few and the best indication of his ability 
is the large patronage which is accorded him. He 
is one of the most popular as well as one of the 
most capable members of the dental fraternity in 
Brooklyn, where he has made his home for eight 
years. 

Dr. Frazer is a native of Georgia, his birth having 
occurred in the city of Marietta, March 25. 1S65, his 
parents being William Ashley and Mary (Barnum) 
Frazer, both of whom were natives of Phelps, New- 
York. His father engaged in the jewelry business 
in early life, but afterward became one of the found- 
ers of the Central Safe Deposit Company, of New 
York, with which he was connected until his death, 
which occurred in 1880. He wedded Miss Mr. 
Barnum. and they became the parents of three chil- 
dren : Emily Gertrude, who married James Ruthven 
Crane, of Brooklyn; William Nelson; and Mary Re- 
becca. The Frazer family is of Scotch lineage and 
was founded in America by the great-grandfather 



of the Doctor, whose son. Horatio Nelson Frazer, 
was the next in the line of direct descent. 

In the public schools of New York Dr. Frazer 
acquired his literary education, and, determining 
upon the practice of dentistry as a life work, he 
began preparation for his chosen calling as a student 
in the office of Dr. W. J. Ryder, of Danbury, Con- 
necticut, who had formerly been a student of the 
renowned Dr. W. B. Hurd, of Brooklyn. Dr. Frazer 
secured the degree of Master of Dental Surgery from 
the New York state board of dental examiners in 
1886. and continued in the office of his preceptor un- 
til 1893, adding daily to his experience and knowl- 
edge until, splendidly equipped for an independent 
practice, he came to Brooklyn, in 1893, and opened 
an office. He now has a large and lucrative patron- 
age, which is constantly increasing. He is a member 
of the Second District Dental Society, and is most 
earnest and enthusiastic concerning the advancement 
of the profession, its researches and discoveries. 

NATHANIEL MATSON, M. D. 

Nathaniel Matson, wdio is engaged in the practice 
of medicine in Brooklyn, was born at Schodack 
Landing, Rensselaer county. New York, March 6, 1839, 
his parents being Stephen Johnson and Esther (Van 
Bergen) Matson. The Van Bergens were among 
the earliest settlers of the vicinity of New York, and 
were granted Castle island, and also a large tract of 
land in Greene county, New York, by the king of 
Holland. The Matsons are of English lineage and 
the family was founded in America by Thomas Mat- 
son, who shipped from England with Governor Win- 
throp, the first executive of Massachusetts, and 
settled in Boston, where he died at the age of ninety 
years. The family are noted for longevity. The 
great-great-grandfather and the great-grandfather 
both bore the name of Nathaniel Matson. and each 
lived to the advanced age of ninety-six years. The 
grandparents of our subject were Israel and Anna 
(Johnson) Matson, of Lyme, Connecticut, and the 
former reached the age of eighty-four years. 

The Doctor received his early education in the 
Kinderhook Academy of Columbia county, New 
York, and for three years pursued a scientific course 
at Williston Seminary, Easthampton. Massachusetts. 
Determining to make the practice of medicine his 
life work he entered the medical dpartment of the 
University of New York, in which he was graduated 
with the degree of Doctor of Medicine, in 1804. The 
country being still engaged in civil war. he enlisted 
in the First Connecticut Heavy Artillery as assistant 
surgeon, serving in that capacity for nineteen 
months. His regiment was retained after the ces- 
sation of hostilities and employed in the removal and 



128 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



reconstruction of forts in the vicinity of Richmond 
and Washington. He was acting brigade surgeon 
in charge of the hospitals at Alexandria during the 
absence of Surgeon Skinner in the summer of 1865. 

In 1866 Dr. Matson located in Brooklyn, and 
gradually acquired a large and remunerative general 
practice. Since 1872 he has been medical examiner 
for the Equitable Life Insurance Company of New 
York, and for a number of years has been a mem- 
ber of the medical staff of the B'tshwick Hospital. 
While his practice has been an extensive one he has 
done considerable hospital work, and has given much 
gratuitous service to the poor in the section of the 
city in which he lives. He is a member of the Medical 
Society of the County of Kings ; the Physicians' 
Mutual Aid Association of New York; and is a 
member of the Brooklyn Yacht Club and the In- 
vincible Club; was a charter member of Acanthus 
Lodge, No. 703. F. & A. M. ; belongs to the Masonic 
Veterans' Association of Brooklyn, and is a member 
of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

On the 16th of June, 1872, Dr. Matson was mar- 
ried to Miss Anna Glover, a daughter of John I. 
Glover, of Brooklyn, also a descendant of one of the 
early settlers of Boston, Massachusetts. The Doctor 
and his wife have three children living: Esther 
May, Clarine Van Bergen and Anna Nathalie. Irving 
Glover, the second child, died at the age of two and 
a half years. The Doctor is a man of strong in- 
tellectuality and marked individuality. In his 
chosen field of labor he has attained distinction by 
his great energy and devotion to his work. He is a 
member of the Classon Avenue Presbyterian Church. 

WILLIAM J. CAKR. 

William J. Carr, the assistant corporation counsel 
of Greater New York, in charge of the law depart- 
ment in Brooklyn, represents, by virtue of his po- 
sition, the legal interests of the richest corporation 
in the state of New York and the greatest depart- 
ment of law in the world. Though a young man 
11. it yet in his prime, he has risen to a front rank in 
his profession. 

Mr. Carr was born in Brooklyn, October 10, 1862, 
and acquired bis scholastic training in the parochial 
school of the church of the Assumption, in Brooklyn, 
and in St. Francis Xavier College, in New York 
city, being graduated in the latter institution with 
tin degree of bachelor of arts, in 18S2. He subse- 
quently studied law with the Hon. Samuel G. Court- 
ney, formerly United States district attorney in 
New York city, and was duly admitted to practice 
in September, 188^. Pursuing his profession alone 
until 7888. he then became associated with the Hon. 
J. J. Walsh, now a judge of'the municipal court of 



the city of New York, and the firm of Carr & Walsh 
continued business for two years. In January, 1891, 
Mr. Carr was appointed clerk in the supreme court 
and served in that capacity until January, 1893, when 
he resigned in order to resume private practice. The 
ensuing five years were important ones in his rapid 
rise in his - profession. He was appointed commis- 
sioner of the United States court January 1, 1896, 
serving in that capacity for a year, and on the 1st 
of January, 1898, he was appointed assistant cor- 
poration counsel and assigned to the department of 
law in Brooklyn. His record in connection with 
the office, extending over the most important epoch 
in the history of the department, involved by the 
reorganization of Greater New York and the ad- 
justing and harmonizing of the various incorporate 
interests of the several villages and boroughs, with 
a multitude of legal entanglements following in the 
train, was characterized by ability, keenness and 
learning in the legal interpretation of the new char- 
ter, and on the 1st of January, 1899. he was made 
assistant corporation counsel in charge of the de- 
partment of Brooklyn. As attorney and counselor 
for the borough, the municipal assembly and each 
and every office, board and department and in the 
prosecution and defending of suits for and against 
the city, he personally pleads annually from seventy 
to eighty cases before the court of appeals and the 
appellate division of the supreme court, besides su- 
perintending and directing the general business of 
the department, and these in a measure indicate the 
extraordinary important nature of his office. That 
he has won eighty per cent, of appealed cases elo- 
quently attests his learning in the law and his high 
rank as an advocate. 

A notable action successfully defended by Mr. 
Carr was the case of Hendrickson against the city, 
involving the validity of hundreds of contracts 
made in the several villages just on the eve of in; 
corporation, for the purpose of throwing them upon 
the greater city. That such contracts were void, as 
held by Mr. Carr, was sustained by the court of ap- 
peals. The number of important actions so success- 
fully prosecuted and defended by him are too nu- 
merous to permit of mention in this connection. He 
is a member of the Kings County Bar Association. 
He formerly did considerable writing on subjects 
of a legal character, his articles appearing from 
time to time in the Albany Law Journal and other 
publications of a like nature. He has likewise been 
a contributor to the compilation of the American 
and English Law Encyclopedia. As a lawyer Mr. 
Carr is incisive and painstaking, while as guardian 
of the legal interests of the city he is most ag- 
gressive and ever faithful. 

Socially a representative of the Brooklyn, Co- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



li". i 



lumbian, Montauk and Manhattan Clubs, he is po- 
litically connected with the Democratic clubs of 
New York. He is the vice-president of the Roman 
Catholic Orphan Asylum, of Brooklyn. 

Such is the brief review of the life and success 
of one whose past record bespeaks for him a bril- 
liant future. Personally he is popular and socially 
occupies as high a position as he does professionally 
— and that is in the front ranks. 

E. F. HAIGHT. 

E. F. Haight, a well known contractor and builder 
of Brooklyn, who for a quarter of a century has 
made his home in this city, was horn in Ulster 
county, New York, in November. 1844. His father, 
David Haight, was a native of Ulster county, this 
state, and was a farmer by occupation, devoting his 
energies to agricultural pursuits for many years. He 
married Anna Valett, a daughter of an officer in the 
French army under Napoleon, who was banished 
When the great general was defeated and sent from 
France. Mr. and Mrs. Haight became the parents of 
seven children. They were earnest and consistent 
Christian people, and took an active part in the work 
of the Methodist church, with which they held mem- 
bership. The former died in 1876, but his widow, 
long surviving him, passed away in iSyS, at the ven- 
erable age of ninety years. 

In the district schools E. F. Haight mastered the 
common branches of English learning, and through 
the summer months he followed the plow and per- 
formed other such work in the fields upon his father's 
farm until fifteen years of age. He was a youth of 
only seventeen years when, in 1861, he offered his 
services to the government in defense of the Union, 
enlisting as a member of the Twentieth Regiment of 
the United States Militia, at Kingston, New York. 
He served for one year as a private and then re- 
turned to the north. 

In 1866 Mr. Haight took up his residence in New 
York city. He had previously learned the car- 
penter's trade, at which he worked as an employe of 
others for six years after going to New York, and 
then began business on his own account. Rapidly he 
gained an enviable position in building circles and 
has taken some very large contracts, which he suc- 
cessfully executed. He erected the Temple Court 
building, St. Vincent Hospital and many other large 
buildings in New York and Brooklyn. He furnishes 
employment to many competent workmen and his 
building operations have been of an important char- 
acter, adding materially to the substantial develop- 
ment and improvement of the cities in which his 
work had been carried on. 

In 1870 Mr. Haight married Miss Mary Randall. 



a daughter of Isaac and Martha (Baker) Randall. 
Six children grace this union : Nettie E., Martha B., 
Valettie D., Beatrice. Fowler and Helen. Mr. 
Haight's first wife died in 1890, and he married again, 
in 1895. Alida Goodale becoming^ his wife, and by 
this union he has one son, viz: Douglas G. With 
tin- Masonic fraternity Mr. Haight holds member- 
ship relations and is also a member of the Hanover 
Chili, while for ten years he has been a trustee in 
the Lee Avenue Congregational church. Public- 
spirited and progressive, his interest is awakened by 
the inception of any movement tending to prove of 
general good and to many public enterprises his 
hearty co-operation is given. His life exemplifies 
the phrase "the dignity of labor," for in his business 
career his course has ever been such as to win him 
the confidence, trust and good will of his fellow 
men, and at the same time, triumphing over the 
difficulties which always liar the path to wealth, hs 
has attained an enviable position among men of af- 
fluence in Brooklyn. 

CORNELIUS B. VAN BRUNT. 

Of the old families of Long Island that of 
Van Brunt has a history which is not only most 
interesting but which proclaims.it one of the most 
ancient in America. The old Van Brunt home- 
stead at Owl's Head, the most westerly point on 
Long Island, where Bay Ridge has since come into 
existence, was established two hundred and fifty 
years ago, and the house which now stands upon it 
and is still in use as the residence of a brother of 
Cornelius B. Van Brunt, was originally built in 
1650 and has been remodeled from time to time. 
Rutyert Joosten Van Brunt came from Utrecht, 
Holland, with nineteen others in 1657 and held a 
patent to the land known as "plats 11 and 12 at 
Yellow Hook," from the government of Holland. 
He called the place New Utrecht, or the Utrecht of 
the New World, in compliment to Utrecht, his 
birthplace in Holland. 

Cornelius II. Van Brunt traces his lineage in di- 
rect line to Rutyert Joosten Van Brunt. The sons 
in successive generations were: Nicholas, Ruloff, 
Jaques, Ruloff. jaques, Daniel, and finally Cor- 
nelius B , the subject of this sketch. 

Danjel Van Brunt was a farmer, a man of 
wealth and influence and an active member of the 
Dutch Reformed church. He married Mary C. 
Bergen, daughter of Cornelius Bergen, of Bergen 
Island, Long Island, and died May 24, 1889, his 
wife surviving him and having now reached her 
seventy-third year. Daniel and Mary C (Bergen) 
Van Brunt had nine children, six of whom are liv- 
ing, all at Bay Ridge, namely: Anna C, the wife 



i.jo 



HISTORY .OF LONG ISLAND. 



of Peter A. Hegeir.an; Elizabeth, the wife of 
Charles C. Bennett; Rebeeea B, the wife of Jere 
Lott; Ruloff J., on the old Van Brnnt homestead; 
Jennie, the wife of Garrett W. Cropsey; and Cor- 
nelius B., who was born at Bay Ridge, February 

21, 1866. 

Mr. Van Brunt acquired his primary education 
in the local schools at Bay Ridge. After a prepar- 
atory course at the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute, 
he entered Columbia College, New York, and was 
graduated at the law school of that institution in 
1888, and the same year he was admitted to prac- 
tice in the courts of the state of New York. He 
has since practiced law and given his attention to 
real-estate interests at Bay Ridge. He has been 
successful professionally and financially and is in- 
deed popular on account of his superior qualities. 
He is a member of the Crescent, Ridge, Nassau 
County and Dyker Meadows Clubs and of the Hol- 
land Society. He married Irene Sumner, daughter 
of George Sumner, of an old Philadelphia family, 
April 30, 1S90, and has one child, Neila B. 

FREDERICK W. DAVIS. 



Frederick W. Davis, a prosperous business man 
residing in the Eastern District of Brooklyn, whose 
factory is located at Nos. 62 and 76 Rutledge street, 
was born in New York city in 1857. His father, 
William H. Davis, was born in New Brunswick, 
New Jersey, and his grandfather was a native of 
England. The latter, Frederick W. Davis, located 
at Defiance, Ohio, after coming to this country, he 
having been the first ancestor of this branch of the 
family in the United States. He was a ship- 
builder by trade. Among his sons was William H. 
Davis, the father of our subject. He came to Brook- 
lyn in 1S61 and in 1869 established the iron foundry 
business now owned and conducted by Frederick W. 
Davi-. and he became prominently known as a suc- 
cessful iron founder and manufacturer. He was 
active in social and civic affairs and was a promi- 
nent Mason. His deatn occurred in 1884, respected 
and esteemed by all who knew him. His widow, 
who still survives him, was in her maidenhood Emma 
Davis, and was a daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth 
(Record) l>a\:,. She is a descendant of a promi- 
nent English family. Unto this worthy couple was 
born a family of fourteen children. The parents 
were consistent Christian people and were members 
of tin Baptist church. 

1. W. 1 lav: i, the til eel of tl 

was educated in school No. 16, Oil Wikon street, 

ami was early inured to his father's busil \: 

il twelve years he entered the factory, and, 

beg ng .11 the boii"m ma-tcred successively every 



feature of its conduct. When his father died he 
succeeded to the control, and has widely extended 
its operations. He at the present time employs sixty 
men, who are skilled operators and laborers. 

In 1885 Mr. Davis was united in marriage with 
Frances, a daughter of Thomas and Frances (Sher- 
wood) Love. They have three children, — Frederick 
W., Jr., Edna F. and Ethel. The family attend the 
Reformed church. Mr. Davis is a prominent Odd 
Fellow, belonging to Lodge No. 61. 

EDWARD CHAPIN, M. D. 

Among those who have attained to positions of 
distinctive preferment in connection with the practice 
of medicine is Dr. Edward Chapin, who is recognized 
as one of the leading physicians of Brooklyn. He 
has ever been an earnest and discriminating student 
and holds a position of due relative precedence 
among the medical practitioners of Long Island. 

A native of Canandaigua, New York, the Doctor 
was born August 19, 1847, and is a son of Henry 
and Cynthia M. (Chapin) Chapin, the former a na- 
tive of Massachusetts and the latter of Chapinville, 
New York. Although of the same name, they 
came of two distinct and separate families. During 
his boyhood Dr. Chapin attended the public schools 
of his native town and later pursued a course in the 
Canandaigua Academy, and at an early age began 
teaching, but desiring to more thoroughly qualify 
himself for educational labors, he entered the State 
Normal School, in Oswego, New York, at which in- 
stitution he was graduated in 1871. He then ac- 
cepted the position of principal of the Union school, 
Union Springs, New York, and his ability as an in- 
structor and disciplinarian is indicated by the fact 
that he was retained in the position for four years. 
On the expiration of that period he resigned in order 
to carry out former plans. Like many others of the 
successful men in this country he made pedagogy only 
a ■ stepping-stone to other professional pursuits, and 
the cause of his resignation was the result of a long 
formed determination to enter the medical profession. 
In the year 1875 he entered the New York Homeo- 
pathic Medical College, and was graduated in the 
class of 1878 on the completion of the regular three- 
years course in the institution. He entered upon 
professional life in the field of medical science as 
resident physician in the hospital of the Five Points 
House of Industry, of New York city, where he re- 
mained for one year. On the expiration of that per- 
iod he served for a time as resident physician in the 
Brooklyn Maternity Hospital and was then elected 
one of its visiting staff. 

Dr. Chapin entered upon the practice of his pro- 
fession well equipped for the numerous duties which 




^w ^r^w^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



131 



devolve upon the physician. He had received good 
literary educational advantages, his mind was well 
disciplined and trained and, added to this, was his 
thorough course in the science of medicine and his 
long experience in hospital work. From the begin- 
ning his efforts were attended with a high degree 
of success, his practice steadily growing in volume 
and importance as the public came to recognize his 
splendid ability. Destined to constant increase of his 
already large practice, Dr. Chapin has served for 
many years in dispensaries and hospitals, and has 
been for several years a member of the staff of the 
Brooklyn Homeopathic Hospital, where he has given 
lectures in the training school for nurses. He has 
been a frequent contributor to medical journals and 
an active worker in the medical societies of which he 
is a member, including the American Institute of 
Homeopathy; the Medical Society of New York 
State; the Kings County Homeopathic Society, and 
the Alumni Association of his alma mater. 

On the 21st "of October, 1S85, Dr. Chapin was 
married to Miss Mary D. Miller, daughter of the late 
Colonel James Miller, of New York, who was killed 
in the battle of Fair Oaks while commanding the 
Eighty-first Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers. 
The Doctor and his wife have two children: Edith 
Pitkin and Harold Wolcott. The parents hold mem- 
bership in the Second Presbyterian church, of Brook- 
lyn, and he is a member of Warren Lodge, No. 47, 
F. & A. M.. of Union Springs, New York. Socially 
he is connected with the Crescent Athletic Club, of 
Brooklyn. 

A most enviable reputation is now accorded Dr. 
Chapin in connection with the prosecution of his 
chosen profession. Devoted to a noble and humane 
work, he has ever proved faithful and has not only 
earned the due reward for his efforts in a temporal 
way, but has proven himself worthy of the high re- 
gard and esteem of his fellow men because of his 
ability, his abiding sympathy and his earnest zeal in 
their behalf. Among his patrons are numbered 
many of the best families of Brooklyn. He is of a 
studious nature and is constantly advancing along 
the road which leads to perfection. He is widely 
known as a distinguished member of the medical 
fraternity of Brooklyn, and as one of its representa- 
tives well deserves mention in this volume. 

J. L. LAWSON. 

The father of the well known real-estate dealer 
at 1025 Broadway, Brooklyn, was A. L. Lawson, 
of Glasgow, Scotland, his son, J'. L., having been 
born there. Mr. Lawson, senior, was a baker by 
trade and married in an old Scotch family and set- 
tled in Brooklyn at an early day. dying here in 1885. 



J. L. Lawson was educated in the local schools, 
and on leaving school went to work at the trade 
of silversmithing. At this trade he became so pro- 
ficient that the old and well known firm of Ball 
& Black engaged his services from 1865 to 1881. 
Later he engaged in the brass business for himself 
for many years. Having a disposition to travel, he 
went to California and to Cuba and Central Amer- 
ica. On his return he determined to enter the real- 
estate business in Brooklyn, and in 18S9 established 
his office here. 

In politics Mr. Lawson is an active and aggres- 
sive Democrat, the leader for years of the Democ- 
racy of the Twenty-eighth ward. His effort to be- 
come alderman from his district, however, although 
vigorously made, was not attended by success. The 
Joseph Lawson Association was named after him. 
He has also been a member of Clinton Lodge, No. 
453. F. & A. M., since 1S60. 

Mr. Lawson's first wife was Miss Louisa Miller, 
but she died in 1870. This union was honored by 
the birth of Alexander. William. Isabella and Frank. 
His second wife is Mary Francis Randall, daughter 
of John Randall, a member of one of the old New 
York families of that name, and as an issue there 
are three boys — Joseph, Uben and Oswald. 

Mr. Lawson's success in his line is due to re- 
markable business sagacity, a disposition to deal 
fairly and to have others deal fairly by him, and to 
his energy and push. 

HENRY CONKLING, M. D. 

In the city of Brooklyn, on the 9th of October, 
1863, 1 >r. Conkling was born, his parents being Dr. 
John T. and Caroline E. (Seaman) Conkling, the 
former a native of Smithtown, Suffolk county, Long 
Island, and the latter of New York city. The father 
passed a portion of his early life in the west. He 
w^as graduated at the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons in New- York city, in 1835, and from that time 
until his demise he was engaged in the practice of 
medicine in Brooklyn, being recognized as one of the 
leading physicians of his time. When the Metropoli- 
tan board of health for New York. Kings and 
Queens counties was organized, in 1S64. he was made 
the superintendent for Brooklyn, in which capacity 
he rendered much valuable service through his un- 
tiring efforts toward securing the enforcement of the 
sanitary regulations. In 1866' cholera was epidemic 
in Brooklyn, and during the prevalence of that 
dreadful disease Dr. Conkling rose nobly to the occa- 
sion and handled the matter in a masterful manner. 
He established the ambulance service of the city, and 
was the first to make contracts for the removal of 
garbage. When the Brooklyn board of health was 



132 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



organized, in 1S73, he was appointed one of its mem- 
bers and was reappointed in 1874. His labors in be- 
half of sanitation in Brooklyn were extensive, prac- 
tical and beneficial. Along other lines he also aided 
in promoting the progress of the city. From' 1864 
until 1870 he was a member of the Brooklyn board 
of education, and the schools found in him a warm 
friend. He was a member and at one time president 
of the Medical Society of the County of Kings, 
and was also a member of the Hamilton Club. 

Dr. Henry Conkling, whose name introduces this 
review, completed his literary education in the Poly- 
technic Institute, and under the preceptorage of his 
father pursued the study of medicine, later continuing 
his studies in the Long Island College Hospital, at 
which institution he was graduated in 1886. After 
one year spent as an interne at his alma mater he 
entered upon the practice of his profession and be- 
came his father's successor. In his chosen calling 
he has been very successful. He makes a specialty 
of the treatment of diseases of the heart and lungs, 
and was prepared for this branch of medicine by spe- 
cial courses in St. Bartholomew Medical College and 
the Brompton Chest Hospital, of London. In 1888 
he became an assistant physician in St. Peter's Hos- 
pital and served in that capacity until 1897, when he 
resigned. He is now lecturer on the practice of 
medicine in the Union Missionary Training Institute. 
He is the author of a number of papers upon diseases 
of the heart and lungs which have been read before 
various professional bodies and afterward published. 
His marked skill in the line of his specialty has 
given him enviable prominence in medical circles 
and gained for him a liberal patronage. 

Dr. Conkling was married May 28, 1895, to Miss 
Alice A. Truslow, a daughter of James L. Trus- 
low. of Brooklyn. Both he and his wife are mem- 
bers .it" ill.- (.rare Episcopal church, and he is a 
member of tin- Hamilton Club of the city. His sue- 
ittributable to a laudable ambition, well 
directed efforts, thorough preparation and close ap- 
plication — qualities winch always secure advance- 
ment and which may be cultivated by any one. 



ERXI-.S' 



1USKINSON, M. D. S. 



Among the representatives of professional life in 
Brooklyn is numbered Dr. Ernest Charles Huskin- 
son, who is of English birth. The place of his na- 
tivity is in 1I1. citj oi Nottingham, England, the 
date, May 21, 1861. His parents were John Lovitt 
and Manila (Slater) Huskinson. The father, wdio 
1- .1 dentist, followed tin- practice of bis profession in 
Brooklyn for many years, and in 1893 returned to 
England, where In- nov\ resides. In his family were 
two children, < llarence John, who was for some time 



a member of the dental profession, but is now en- I 

gaged in the drug business in England, and Ernest C. 

The latter acquired his education in the Notting- 
ham schools, completing the high school course in 
that city in what is known as one of the best institu- i 

tions of its kind in England. He entered upon the 
study of dentistry under the direction of his father 
and received practical training in his office. In 1881 | 

he became connected with the English military hos- 
pital service, in which he served in northern Africa 
for five years. On the expiration of that period he 
came to Brooklyn and entered the office of Dr. 
Stevens, of Franklin avenue, as assistant, and secured 
the degree of Master of Dental Surgery from the 
state board of examiners in 1891. He has a largt 
general practice and is a member of the Brooklyn 
Dental Society and of the Second District Dental 
Society. 

The Doctor was married December 17, 1885, to 
Miss Elisa Babette Boechel. a native of Cleveland. 
Ohio, who, at the time of their marriage, resided 
in Alexandria, Egypt. They now have two children. 
Ernest Boechel and Ruby Adelle. The Doctor and 
his wife hold membership in St. Matthew's Episco- 
pal church. He is a member of Anglo-Saxon Lodge, 
No. 137, F. & A. M.. also the Ancient and Accepted 
Scottish Rite bodies and Kismet Temple, Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine. He also holds membership re- 
lations with Aurora Grata Masonic Club; Alert 
Council. R. A.; Court Goringe. Foresters of Amer- 
ica: Court Columbus, A. O. O. F. ; Primrose Lodge, 
Sons of St. George ; and also an active and interested 
member of the Tolland Fish and Game Association 
of Massachusetts. Politically the Doctor usually 
votes with the Republican party. 



JOH 



W. VANDF.RVEER. 



When we attempt to follow the story of the 
Vanderveer family of Long Island we find we have 
to deal with a name which has flourished in Kings 
county for at least two hundred and fifty years — long 
in fact before Kings county itself was heard of. So 
far as can be learned the common ancestor of the 
family was Cornells Janse Vanderveer, who came 
here, in 1659. from Alkmaar, in Holland. Bergen, in 
his "Early Settlers," says: "He bought, February 
24, 1678-9, of Jan Janse Fyn, for two thousand six 
hundred guilders, a farm in Flatbush." and also that 
"his name appears as a magistrate ot Flatbush in 1678 
and. 1680, and on the patent of that town of 1685." 
Evidently be was a man of means and substance, and 
one who wielded a considerable amount of influence 
and was personally popular in the place where he re- 
sided. 

He married Trvntje Gillis de Mandeville, and 





^s3^2&*~j&~~^. A^3j?, 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



L33 



they had five sons and four daughters. From these 
sons all the family now bearing the name of Vander- 
veer in Kings county are descended. The second 
son, Domenicus, was sheriff of Kings county in [736, 
and was the ancestor of the family represented by 
John W. Vanderveer, whose name heads this re- 
view. The family early secured some fine tracts of 
land in New Lots, and at the present the representa- 
tive in a direct line of the eighth generation of the 
family is there living. The name Domenicus has 
been loyally handed down. The grandfather of our 
subject bore it and added to its renown in Xew 
Lots. His son, Charles P. Vanderveer. the father of 
our subject, was the sixth of the name who occupied 
the property. He was a man of more than ordinary 
intelligence, and was respected over a wide extent of 
territory for his sterling honesty and genuine worth. 
He was not a politician, but was a man of strong 
political convictions, and an adherent of the Whig 
and afterward of the Republican party. He was an 
ardent supporter of the house of worship at Xew 
Lots. His greatest hobby in life, however, was the 
old farm of one hundred acres which had come to 
him from his ancestors. He never tired of working 
upon it and improving it, and it was he who, in 
1839. built the substantial house which still shelters 
the family. Charles P. Van 'erveer died on the 4th 
of May, 1879. One of his sons. Dominicus Vander- 
veer, who was born on the 2st of January, 1821. died 
on the 1st of February, 1891. He never married and 
always resided in the old ancestral home. He was a 
Republican in his political views, and was employed 
in the old James mill. 

John Vanderveer, the subject of this review, and 
the son of the honored farmer and miller mentioned 
above, was born on the 28th of October, 1828, and re- 
ceived the best education the local schools of the 
neighborhood afforded. He was also educated under 
the supervision of his father to all the work of the 
farm, and gradually assisted in its management and 
in operating the old mill until, when age began to tell 
upon his father, he assumed the entire control. In 
this he was most successful, and was equally pros- 
perous in the management of the old Vanderveer 
mill. 

On the 14th of January, i860. Mr. Vanderveer 
was united in marriage with Mary Lott, a daughter 
of Johannas Lott and a sister of Simon B. Lott. 
Mary Vanderveer died July -'3. 1901. at the 
age of seventy-eight years. The son John is now 
conducting the old homestead. The place con- 
tains two hundred acres and is located withm 
the city limits of Brooklyn and of Greater Xew 
Vork. It is well known for the excellent quality 
of its truck land, and the old homestead, where the 
eight generations were born, still stands and is in 



a state of good preservation. The father passed 
away on the 24th of February. 1887. His life was 
an upright one, and in his death the community lost 
an exemplary man and a good citizen. 

WILLIAM HAWTHORNE JOHXSTOX. 

It naturally follows in a city of the proportions 
that Brooklyn has reached that there are many emi- 
nent representatives of the professions. Dentistry 
has its full quota, and among the number is Dr. 
William Hawthorne Johnston, who has long been 
recorded foremost rank in the line of his chosen call- 
ing. He was born in Pemaquid, now Bristoi, Maine, 
on the 4th of November, 1847, his parents being 
Morton and Flizabeth (Hawthorne) Johnston, who 
were also natives of the Pine Tree state. His grand- 
father, William Johnston, was likewise born in 
Maine, while the great-grandfather, Thomas Johns- 
ton, was a native of Scotland and crossed the At- 
lantic to America, becoming one of the early set- 
tlers of Pemaquid. The Doctor's American an- 
cestry were engaged in agricultural pursuits. His 
father, now eighty-six years of age, resides with 
him in Brooklyn, but his mother died in 1896, at 
the age of seventy-nine years. 

The Doctor is an only child. He acquired the 
greater part of his early education in Rockford, 
[Uinois, whitlu-r he accompanied his parents on their 
removal to the west, when he was seven years of 
age. At the age of eighteen he entered upon the 
study of dentistry in Rockford. but soon became 
a commercial traveler in the employ of his cousins, 
Johnston Brothers, manufacturers of and dealers in 
dental supplies. Their business has since been con- 
solidated with that of the S. S. White Dental Com- 
pany. Dr. Johnston continued to occupy the position 
of traveling salesman until 1871, and during that time 
he gave considerable attention to the mastery of the 
science of dentistry, improving every opportunity to 
advance his knowledge and gaining new ideas by 
visiting all of the important dental offices of New 
Vork and vicinity. The first dental engine ever 
constructed was used by Dr. Johnston as a sample 
to enable him to take orders. In introducing this 
device, which was warmly received by the profes- 
sion, it having long felt the need of something 
of that nature, the Doctor became acquainted with 
the leading dentists in the portion of the country in 
which he traveled, made many warm friends among 
them and gained many valuable points concerning 
the theory and practice of dentistry. In 1871 he 
located on Fort Greene place, Brooklyn, and entered 
upon the practice of the profession witli which he 
had so long been identified. He has since resided 
in the same block, his present home being at No. 



134 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



73, where he has resided continuously from the year 
1888. He conducts a general practice of dentistry 
in all its departments and has prepared and present- 
ed to various societies several scientific papers which 
have been subsequently published. He is a member 
of the Second District Dental Society, the Brooklyn 
Dental Society, the New York Institute of Stomat- 
ology and the New York State Dental Society. 

Dr. Johnston was married. November 5, 1870. to 
Miss Kate Bostwick, a native of Vermont, at that 
time a resident of New York city. To this union 
were born four children : Morton, who died aged 
six years; John Brewster, who died aged two and a 
half years; and the Misses Ruth and Kathleen Johns- 
ton. The Doctor and his family are members of 
the Hanson Place Methodist Episcopal church, 
where he is assistant superintendent of the Sunday- 
school. He is also one of the active workers in 
carrying on the Sunday Breakfast Association. He- 
is a member of Central Lodge, No. 358, F. & A. 
M., Ancient Order of United Workmen, and Royal 
Arcanum. In his political views he is affiliated 
with the Republican party. He has been for many 
years a member of the Kings county general com- 
mittee and was for two years a member of the 
executive committee. 

MARVIN CROSS. 

The subject of this review is one of Brooklyn's 
enterprising and honored citizens, occupying a lead- 
ing position in the industrial world where his ac- 
tivities have resulted in bringing to him splendid 
success and at the same time have been of value to 
the community by furnishing employment to a large 
force of workmen. 

Mr. Cross is descended from one of the old 
families of the Empire state, of French Huguenot 
ancestry on the paternal side, the name having been 
originally spelled La Croix. The prefix was elim- 
inated in course of time and eventually the present 
orthography was adopted. Family tradition says 
that as early as 1780 the first ancestor in America 
settled in Chenango county and representatives of 
the name become leaders among the pioneers of that 
portion of the stale. Stephen Cross, the father of 
our subject, was born in Chenango county, acquired 

his education in tin mon schools and in early 

life learned the carpenter' trade, which In- pursued 

for so lime. In 1S45 be removed with his family 

to Brooklyn, where 1m- followed the vocation of a 
grain measurer. He married Esther Morton, a 
daughtei -1 Joel and Violel (Wells) Morton, both 
of whom wen de cended from ^"..d old New Eng- 
land families, Mi Morton had even brothers, all 
belonging to oni family, who were soldiers in the 



Continental army in the war of the Revolution. Unto 
Mr. and Mrs. Cross were born four children : Mar- 
vin, John, Orin and Anna Maria, the last named the 
widow of Mathias Kelly. The father died October 
1, 1854, his wife surviving until February 1, i88o r 
when she, too, passed away. They were worthy peo- 
ple who enjoyed the uniform regard of all with 
whom they came in contact. 

Marvin Cross was born in the old town of Virgil, 
Cortland county, New York, August 25, 1817, and 
attended the country schools of the neighborhood. 
During his early manhood he learned the carpenter's 
trade under his father's supervision and upon the 
removal of the family to Brooklyn he took charge 
of a grain distillery here. In 1847 he engaged in 
the sash, door and blind manufacturing business, and 
in 1848 began the construction of portable houses, 
which he shipped to California during the memorable 
days of the gold excitement there. He was one 
of the first to undertake that line of building. Hav- 
ing used large quantites of lumber in his building 
and manufacturing enterprises, Mr. Cross became 
familiar with the various features of the lumber trade 
and having foreseen the future possibilities for the 
development of Brooklyn he gradually extended the 
field of his operation to embrace the lumber trade. 
He is now at the head of one of the largest con- 
cerns of the kind on Long Island, the magnitude 
of the business being indicated by the fact that on 
an average throughout the year employment is fur- 
nished to one hundred and fifty men. The splendid 
success of the enterprise is due to the good judg- 
ment and straightforward methods of Mr. Cross, 
who throughout his business career has manifested 
untiring energy and unflagging application to the 
duties connected with his work. His labors have 
also been extended to other fields, for during more 
than six years he was a member of the board of 
directors of the Manufacturers National Bank of 
Brooklyn, and was for some time a director of 
the Kings County Savings Bank. 

On the 14th of October, 1841, Mr. Cross was 
united in marriage to Miss Sarah M. Jones, a 
daughter of Tisdel and Amanda (Smith) Jones. 
They have three living children : Mary A., the 
wife of James Gerow, of Orange, New Jersey; 
Amanda, who married Charles S. Hall, of Flat- 
bush, Long Island; and Joseph A. The mother 
was called to her final rest August I, 1895. She was 
a most estimable lady, beloved and esteemed for her 
many deeds of charity and kindness. She was an 
earnest church worker and a consistent Christian. 

Since the establishment of the nineteenth ward of 
Brooklyn, in 1S55. Mr. Cross has made his home 
within its boundaries and has taken an earnest in- 
terest in the development and progress of the neigh- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



13! 



borhood and in the welfare of its citizen?. In 1S72 
he was elected a supervisor of the ward and in 
1874 was appointed a member of the board of edu- 
cation. He also served for four and a half years 
on the board of park commissioners of Brooklyn, 
and has exerted a strong and wholesome influence 
for the good of the community and its advancement 
along substantial lines of progress. His business 
career is one which elicits praise and admiration 
and the most envious can not grudge him his suc- 
cess, so honorably has it been gained and so worthily 
is it used. 

LEOXARD G. WILDER, M. D. S. 

Among the representatives of the dental fraternity 
who have won success is Dr. Leonard Goodell Wil- 
der, who is numbered among the native sons of the 
Green Mountain state and is now a well known dent- 
ist of Brooklyn. He was born in Brandon, Rutland 
county, Vermont, October 23, 1842, and represents 
one of the old families of New England. The an- 
cestry can be traced back to Thomas Wilder, a 
native of Lancashire, England, who in the pioneer 
days of the development of the new world became 
one of the early settlers of Massachusetts. The line 
of descent may be traced down through John and 
Hannah Wilder, John and Sarah (Sawyer) Wilder, 
John and Prudence (Wilder) Wilder, to Cornelius 
Wilder, the great-grandfather of the Doctor. He 
was twice married, his first wife being Abigail Wil- 
der, while his second wife was Elizabeth Hasting?. 
The grandparents of our subject were Daniel and 
Sally (McClellan) Wilder, natives of Massachusetts, 
and the latter died when more than a hundred years 
of age. The parents of our subject were Almon and 
Therina (Goodell) Wilder, both natives of Vermont. 

The Doctor is an only child and his literary ed- 
ucation was acquired in the schools of the Green 
Mountain state and of Ohio. His father died in 
Sacramento, California, in 1851, having gone to the 
Pacific coast with the "Forty-niners." In 1S70 he 
came to New York and entered upon the study of 
dentistry in the office of Dr. N. W. Kingsley, where 
he remained for two years. In 1876 he located in 
Brooklyn, where for a quarter of a century he has 
followed the profession of dentistry. He won the 
degree of Master of Dental Surgery from the state 
board of examiners in 1880. He has pursued a 
general practice of dentistry in all its departments 
and has long been recognized as one of the ablest 
members of the profession. In no department of 
business activity has there been greater advancement 
than in dentistry and with the progress and improve- 
ments Dr. Wilder has kept in close touch, so that 
he is one of the most able exponents of the more 



improved methods and practices. He is a member 
of the Second District Dental Society and the 
Brooklyn Dental Society. 

On the 17th of October, 1877. Dr. Wilder was 
united in marriage to Miss Katharine McBride, of 
Jersey City, who died November 20, 1897. On the 
4th of April. iSco. he was again married, his sec- 
ond union being with Miss Letitia Batcheller, of 
Fredonia, New York. The Doctor belongs to Mistle- 
toe Lodge. No. 647, F. & A. M., and is a prominent 
factor in political circles, having for twenty years 
been an active member of the Brooklyn Young Re- 
publican Club. He is also a member of the Hanson 
Place Methodist Episcopal church, and withholds 
his support and co-operation from no movement or 
measure calculated to prove of general good. 

BENJAMIN EDSOX, M. D. 

Benjamin Edson. of 83 St. Mark's avenue, Brook- 
lyn, was born in Otego, New York, May 26, 1831, 
and is a son of Freeman and Sally ( Sheldon) Ed- 
son, native? of Connecticut and Rhode Island, re- 
spectively. He i? a grandson of Benjamin and 
Annie (Johnson) Edson, the former having been a 
physician in Tolland, Connecticut, and later in Otego. 
Fie served as a surgeon in the- Revolutionary war, 
and died at the age of eighty-four years, while his 
wife died at the age of ninety-six years. The Doctor 
still has his grandfather's pestle and mortar, in a 
good state of preservation, and the saddle bags which 
he used many years in riding about Otsego county, 
meeting with the many disadvantages and vicis- 
situdes of a pioneer practitioner of medicine. The 
Doctor's father settled in Otsego county about 1810. 
The Sheldon family, which consisted of the parents 
and thirteen children, located there about the same 
time, making the journey from New England on an 
ox sled. The Doctor's father died in 1896, at the 
age of ninety-three years, and his mother in 1895, 
aged eighty-tight year?. They had four children: 
Benjamin; Henry, a physician of Cortland. New 
York ; Austin, who occupies the old homestead ;, and 
Joanna, who married Silas Ryder. 

The Doctor was educated in the public schools 
of his native town, in the Delaware Institute, of 
Franklin, New York, the Gilbertville Academy and 
the State Normal School of Albany. After teach- 
ing for four years in Schenectady, New York, and 
an equal nine in Albany, he came to Brooklyn in 
1864 to take the principalship of public school No. 
14. where he continued for twenty years. 

During that time he had taken up the study of 
medicine, and was graduated in the medical de- 
partment of the University of New York in 1873. 
He had also pursued a course of l< ctures in the Long 



130 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Island College Hospital and the College of Physi- 
cians and Surgeons in New York. He began giv- 
ing a portion of his time to the practice of his 
profession, soon after securing his degree, and in 
1885 lie resigned his position as principal of school 
No. 14 in order to give all of his time to the prac- 
tice of medicine. He has a large general practice, 
but gives special attention to diseases of children. 
He has been physician to the Home for the Destitute 
since 1874, and has done a large amount of dis- 
pensary work. He is a member of the Medical 
Society of the County of Kings and the Brooklyn 
Pediatric Society, and has been a frequent contrib- 
utor to the medical journals of New York, Brooklyn 
and Philadelphia. 

The Doctor was married, in August. 1870, to Miss 
Mary Waters, of Brooklyn, and has one child, Grace, 
who married William R. Scrimgeour, a bank teller 
of Brooklyn. The Doctor is a member of Orion 
Lodge, No. 717, F. & A. M., of which he is senior 
past master. He is also a member of the Ninth 
Ward Republican Association, and was a member 
of the kings county campaign committee in 1900. 

LEWIS STEPHEN PILCHER. A. M., M. D., 
LL D. 

One of the most exacting of all the higher lines 
of occupation to which a man may lend his energies 
is that of the physician. A most scrupulous pre- 
liminary training is demanded, a nicety of judgment 
but little understood by the laity. Our subject is 
well fitted for the profession which he has chosen as 
a life work, and is to-day one of the foremost sur- 
geons mi" Brooklyn. 

Mr was born 111 Adrian. Michigan. July 28, 1845, 
and is one of a family of five children, whose par- 
ents were Rev. Elijah 11, .lines and Phebe (Fisk) 
Pilcher. The father, who was a Methodist Episco- 
pal clergyman, went to Michigan in 1829, at the age 
of nineteen years. He died in 1887. One of his 
sons, U,\ I.e.m, In- \\\ Pikher, I). D, died at Pekin, 
China, in 1893, a martyr to the cause of Christianity, 
having gone to the orient under the auspices of the 
Methodist Episcopal church \t the time of his 
death he was serving as president of the Pekin 
University. The Doctor's paternal grandparents 
were Stephen and Eleanor (Selby) Pilcher. natives 
of Virginia, who settled in southern Ohio, in 1802. 
'Ili- Pilchei i.Mtnh iv. i founded in America by three 
brothers, who came from England and located in 
Culpeper. Virginia, aboul 1750 The Doctor's ma- 
ternal ancestors were among the early settlers of 
New England. 

Dr. Pilcher was prepared for college at the Ann 
Arboi high -,l I, and in [858 entered the Uni- 



versity of Michigan, at which he graduated with 
the degree of A. B. in 1862, being the youngest grad- 
uate of that well known institution. A year later 
he secured, by examination, the degree of A. M. 
from his alma mater, in 1866 the degree of M. D., 
and in 1900 the honorary degree of LL. D. was also 
conferred upon him by both the University of Mich- 
igan and by Dickinson College, of Pennsylvania. 

In 1864 and 1865 the Doctor was hospital steward 
in the United States army ; from 1867 to 1870 was 
assistant surgeon in the navy, and from 1870 to 
1872 was passed assistant surgeon in the navy. He 
was adjunct surgeon and lecturer on anatomy in 
the Long Island College Hospital from 1872 to 1879, 
and adjunct professor of anatomy from 1879 to 1883. 
lie was a member of the board of corporators of 
the New York Post-Graduate Medical School and 
Hospital from 1885 to 1896, and professor of sur- 
gery there from 1885 to 1895. Dr. Pilcher prepared 
the preliminary plans and instructions for the archi- 
tects of the Methodist Episcopal Hospital at Brook- 
lyn : has been a member of its board of managers 
since its organization, in 1881, and was secretary of 
the board until 1892. He has also been president of 
the medical board and senior surgeon during the en- 
tire existence of that institution ; was a member of 
the Brooklyn Anatomical and Surgical Society, of 
which he was president from 1879 to 1882; is a 
prominent member of the New York State Medical 
Society, of which he was president in 1891 and 1892; 
is a fellow of the American Surgical Association, of 
which he was vice-president in 1893. He was anni- 
versary orator in 1899 OI the New York Academy of 
Medicine, and is a member of the Medical Society of 
the County of Kings, of which he was president in 
1900. It will thus lie seen that he stands high among 
his professional brethren and is justly numbered 
among the most distinguished physicians and surgeons 
of Greater New York. He was a member of the coun- 
cil of the surgical section of the Third Interna- 
tional Medical Congress in 1887. and was honorary 
chairman of the section on anatomy of the Pan- 
American Medical Congress in 1893. 

Dr. Pilcher has contributed many valuable ar- 
ticles to medical literature, was editor of the An- 
nals of Anatomy and Surgery from 1879 to 1883. and 
since [885 has been editor of the Annals of Sur- 
gery, the chief surgical periodical published in the 
English language, being published simultaneously in 
Philadelphia, London and Sidney, Australia. He 
has been one of the editors of the International An- 
nual of the Medical Sciences since 1S04, and was 
editor ,,i the Methodist Episcopal Hospital Reports, 
Volume 1. in 1898. The Doctor is the author of 
The Treatment of Wounds, published in 18S3. and a 
second edition in [808, and is one of the authors 




ocUiytyf Ky^/7A^t 




HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



i:;i 



• of the following well known encyclopedic medical 
works : The American System of Diseases of Chil- 
dren, the Reference Handbook of Medical Science, 
the American Text-book of Surgery, the international 
System of Surgery, and is also the author of upwards 
of a hundred monographs and pamphlets on medi- 
cal, surgical and literary subjects. Dr. Pilcher lo- 
cated in Brooklyn in 1872, and at first engaged 
in general practice, but his great ability as a surgeon 
■constantly asserted itself, so that since 1S90 he has 
ben obliged to give his time exclusively to surgery, 
in which his success is most forcibly told in the fore- 
going. 

On the 22d of June, 1870, Dr. Pilcher was united 
in marriage with Miss Martha Phillips, daughter of 
Aaron H. Phillips, of Brooklyn, and to them have 
been born five children, namely: Lewis Frederick, 
professor of art in Vassar College, married Mary 
Belle Wooden, of Brooklyn, and has one child. Mar- 
tha; Sarah Fisk is the wife of Charles I. Debevoise, 
a broker on Wall street. New York, and a resident 
of Brooklyn ; Paul Monroe was graduated at the 
College of Physicians & Surgeons, of New York, in 
1900, and is now associated with his father in prac- 
tice; James Taft is a member of the class of 1902 in 
the University of Michigan; and Martha Eleanor, 
who died at the age of one year. 

The Doctor has a fine summer home on Lake 
Hopatcong, Sussex county. New Jersey, where he 
spends four months during the year, and is a mem- 
ber of the council of the village. He is also an 
active and prominent member of the Summerfield 
Methodist Episcopal church in Brooklyn, was a 
member of the board of managers of the Brooklyn 
Sunday-school Union from 1875 to 1870. editor of 
the Brooklyn Sunday-school Union in 1878 and ed- 
itor of the health department of the Christian Ad- 
vocate, New York, from 1880 to 1887. He is a mem- 
ber of the military order of the Loyal Legion. 

FREDERICK WOLL 

The Woll family to which the subject of this 
review belongs was founded in America bj his fa- 
ther, Peter Woll, who was born in the village of 
Wieshach, in the kingdom of Bavaria, Germany, in 
an agricultural family, eminently respectable and in- 
dustrious. 

Peter Woll acquired the usual elementary edu- 
cation such as was afforded by the public schools 
of his native land at that time, and when in bis fif- 
teenth year he took up the practical duties of busi- 
ness life, since which time he has been dependent 
upon his own labors and resources for a livelihood. 
Being of an industrious nature and with a laudable 
ambition to win success, he decided to cross the 



Atlantic and seek his fortune in the United States. 
Accordingly he bade adieu to home and friends in 
the fatherland and sailed from Havre, landing 111 
New York city in 1853. He at once sought employ- 
ment and after a time he went to Philadelphia, 
where his labors eventually resulted in bringing 
to him sufficient capital to enable him to engage 
in business on his own account. He therefore began 
the work of preparing all kinds of bristles for 
brushes, being one of the pioneers in this enterprise. 
He commenced operations on a small scale, but by 
careful and judicious management his business has 
constantly grown until it has now attained propor- 
tions of considerable magnitude, furnishing employ- 
ment to a large number of skilled operatives. The 
sales are extensive and shipments are made to vari- 
ous sections .of the country. In order to meet the 
increasing demands of his trade Mr. Woll estab- 
lished a branch house in New York in 1882. 

Coming to America in early manhood, possessed 
■ if a resolute spirit, of energy and ambition, Mr. 
Woll has steadily advanced on the highway to suc- 
cess, and bis life illustrates most forcibly the strength 
of the German- American character in conquering 
obstacles and progressing along a line of labor 
definitely marked out. He lias built up an important 
enterprise and his name and creditable reputation 
are widely known in tile commercial world. He is 
also prominent in social and civic affairs in the 
Quaker city, where his friends are legion. He mar- 
red Mis, Elizabeth Schmitt, whose parents were 
also natives of Bavaria, Germany, and belonged to 
prominent families there. Her grandfather was an 
eminent Lutheran minister. Unto Mr. and Mrs. 
Woll were born four children: Adolph, Peter, Eliz- 
abeth and Frederick. 

The last named was born in Philadelphia. Penn- 
sylvania, September 30. 1866, and enjoyed the edu- 
cational advantages afforded by the schools of lli.it 
city, wherein be continued his studies until fifteen 
years of age. when he entered his father's establish- 
ment and under the direction of his parent gained a 
thorough knowledge of the business in every depart- 
ment. Having thus qualified himself in all the de- 
tails of the trade he was placed at the bead of the 
New York house on its establishment in 1882, being 
well fitted to control its operations and its trade. 
By his keen discernment and aptitude for business 
he soon became the practical head of the firm of 
Peter Woll & Sons, of which he has been a partner 
.for almost twenty years. 

On the I2th of May, 1S96. Mr. Woll was mar- 
ried to Miss Anna M. Lang, and unto them have 
been born three children — Frederick S.. \11na M. 
and Donald L. Mr. Woll is recognized as a leading 
and worthy citizen of the nineteenth ward of Brook- 



i:;s 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



lyn. where he has always manifested an earnest in- 
terest in the social, material and public welfare of 
the community. He holds membership in the Han- 
over Club, a prominent social organization of the 
Nineteenth ward and is a gentleman who has many 
friends. 

JAMES WEIR. Jr. 

The first ancestor of this family to come to the 
United States was James Weir, Sr.. who was born 
in Scotland, where he was educated and was trained 
to the business of a horticulturist and florist. His 
advent to the United States is a splendid illustra- 
tion of the contribution of the British-American citi- 
zen-, to our composite national character. Coming 
to the United States in 1844, he settled in Brooklyn, 
locating at Forty-ninth street and Third avenue, and 
there he became connected with business life as a 
florist. By his thrift and enterprise he soon pros- 
pered, and in the Yellow Hook district purchased 
land, which he cultivated and improved and a part 
of which is still in the possession of the family. At 
the time of his settlement here Mr. Wier was one 
of three florists of Brooklyn, and was the pioneer 
in this line of enterprise in this locality. By his 
thrift and industry he did much in furthering the 
progress and advancement' of the neighborhood. Mr. 
Weir was the author of and an earnest advocate in 
the changing of the name of this district of Brooklyn 
from Yellow Hook to its present name, that of 
Bay Ridge, and indeed it may be correctly said that 
in all the important public enterprises his judg- 
ment was regarded as a criterion in the community. 
Having always at heart the interest and welfare of 
this part of Brooklyn, he did much toward en- 
couraging its progress and development. In addi- 
tion to his many business cares and responsibilities 
he always found time to help others less fortunate 
than himself. He also took an earnest interest in 
church work, and for thirty years served as a vestry- 
man in the Episcopal church of Bay Ridge. He 
passed awa} Vlaj 28, [891, respected and beloved 
not only by his family but also by many friends and 
those who had enjoyed his generous hosprtality. 

James Weir, Sr., was married, in England, to 
Miss Ann Reynolds, who was a native of London, 
England, ami a daughter of John Reynolds, who 
was a descendant oi .111 obi family of London, its 
members having been noted for their longevity, sev- 
eral membei reaching the ripe old age of eighty- 
six, while on,, J, ii (Morris) Russell, an aunt of 
Mrs. Weir, attained the patriarchal aye of one hun- 
dred and sis real Family tradition says that an 
old house which has been recently torn down and 

which st 1 at 11 ( hurch Row, Allgate, London, 

had for iiian\ years been occupied by Jane Reynolds, 



who was a daughter of John Reynolds, and this 
same old building contained a circulating library for 
over two hundred years. Mrs. James Weir, Sr., had 
a family of four children who survived her, name- 
ly: James, Jr., whose name introduces this review; 
John Reynolds, who married Agnes Bennett; Jessie, 
now Mrs. Otto Heinigke, of Bay Ridge; and Fred- 
erick, who married Ann Waters. The mother of 
these children died in June, 1895. She was a most 
estimable lady, possessing many excellencies of char- 
acter, and her death was mourned by many who had 
known her best, while the church as well as the 
poor of the neighborhood lost in her a good friend. 
James Weir, Jr., son of James and Ann (Rey- 
nolds) Weir, was born in London, England, October 
17, 1843, and came to the United States with his 
parents. His elementary education was acquired in 
public school No. 2, in Brooklyn, and for some time 
he attended the Polytechnic Institute. Having 
learned the horticultural and florist business in all 
its various details under the tuition of his father, 
under whose direction he also acquired a good and 
practical business knowledge, he began life on his 
own account in 1866, locating his green house and 
offices near Twenty-fifth street and Fifth avenue, 
near the main entrance of Greenwood cemetery. In 
this undertaking he has met with good and well de- 
served success. Not unlike his father, he has al- 
ways taken an active interest in the social and civic 
affairs of his neighborhood. In 1879, from his ward, 
he was elected a member of the Brooklyn common 
council for two terms, of two years each, and in 
1883 served as president of the board. For twelve 
years he also served as a member of the board of 
education, discharging his duties conscientiously. 
Also like his father in politics, he is a Jeffersonian 
Democrat, while fraternally and socially he is also 
well known, belonging to Minerva Lodge, No. 792, 
F. & A. M„ to the Shelter Island Yacht Club, the 
Atlantic Yacht Club and the Crescent Yacht Club. 
In conclusion the writer may correctly say that in 
all his undertakings he has proved himself a worthy 
scion of a worthy sire. 

Mr. Weir has been twice married, his first union 
being with Miss E. Matilda Waters, a daughter oi 
Dr. Robert Waters, of New Utrecht, Long Island, 
and three of their children survive. — James E. ; Jessie 
M., the wife of Arthur Hawkins, of Brooklyn: and 
Mabel, now Mrs. Howard C. Miller, also of Brook- 
lyn. The faithful wife and mother of this family 
died August 15. 1885. and for his second wife Mr. 
Weir chose Miss Margaret Ouchterloney. a daugh- 
ter of James and Janet Ouchterloney. Unto this 
union has been born one daughter, Janet R. Mr. 
Weir and his family attend the Dutch Reformed 
church. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



139 



JOHN OSBORN POLAK. 

There is probably no history more interesting 
than the history of surgery, and the advance which 
this science has made during the century just 
closed may be regarded as one of the scientific won- 
ders of our age. Brooklyn has many able and emi- 
nent surgeons, and among the younger class of them 
none is better or more favorably known than John 
Osborn Polak. M. D., who is located at No 287 
Clinton avenue. 

Dr. Polak was born in Brooklyn March 12, 1870, 
only child of Carl T. and Elizabeth (Osborn ) Polak. 
His father was a native of Alsace, province of the 
Rhine, Germany, and came from Aix la Chapelle to 
Brooklyn in 1853 and engaged in the dry-goods 
commission business in New York city. lie was 
very successful for many years and is now retired 
and living in Brooklyn. Mary Elizabeth Osborn, 
whom he married, was born in that city. 

Dr. Polak was educated in the public schools of 
Plainfield, New Jersey, prepared for college at Rut- 
gers Preparatory School and was graduated from 
Rutgers College, New Brunswick, New Jersey, in 
1888. He took the degree of Doctor of Medicine 
at the Long Island College Hospital in 1891, and 
received the Dudley medal for the best surgical 
thesis. During that year the same degree was con- 
ferred upon him by the medical department of the 
University of Vermont. For one year he was interne 
at Long Island College Hospital, and for six months 
at the Maternity Hospital, in New York. He began 
the practice of his profession at No. 23 Seventh ave- 
nue, Brooklyn, and in 1897 removed to No. 287 Clin- 
ton avenue. For some years he has made a specialty 
of gynecology and his practice is now almost ex- 
clusively in that line. He has been lecturer in ob- 
stetrics and gynecology in Long Island College Hos- 
pital since 1S92, and professor of obstetrics in the 
New York Post-Graduate Hospital since 1804. He 
has been the visiting surgeon to the Williamsburg 
Hospital since 1892, also to the Eastern District 
Hospital in 1895-8, and since that time has been the 
chief of the clinic in the department of gynecology 
in the Long Island College Hospital. IK- was one 
of the authors of Keating & Coes' Gynecology, pub- 
lished in 1895, and Jewett's Obstetrics, 1901, and has 
written many professional papers which have been 
read before various medical societies and published 
in medical journals. He is a member of the New 
York Academy of Medicine, the American Medical 
Association, the New York State Medical Society, 
the Medical Society of the County of Kings, the 
Kings County Medical Association, the Long Island 
Medical Society, the Brooklyn Gynecological So- 



ciety and the Brooklyn Pathological Society. He 
also holds membership in the Crescent Athletic 
Club and the Rutgers College Club. 

In his political views he is a Democrat. He 
married Bertha Louise Pitkin, a daughter of F. 
Eugene Pitkin, of Brooklyn, June 12, 1805, and has 
one child, named Zorka. 

JERE LOTT. 

The histories of old families sometimes throw a 
strong light on the settlement and development of 
large cities. It is interesting to learn that a pio- 
neer had a farm which is now covered with factories 
ami residences and lived upon it for many years 
when it was trodden only by the plowman and had 
no buildings within its borders but his own farm 
house and barns. There are many people in the 
eastern district of Brooklyn who, when they read 
this, will perhaps learn for the first time that James 
Lott once farmed on ground where a part of Will- 
iamsburg subsequently grew up and that his two 
-hi-. niH' named Aaron, removed to New ( trecht 
about 1840. They may be interested to learn further 
of Aaron Lott that he was assessor of New Utrecht 
for eighteen years and died in office. He also heid 
other important local offices and was active in the 
Dutch Reformed church. He was, all in all. a pious 
and public-spirited man. who deserved well of his 
fellow citizens and prospered. He married Cynthia 
Lott. daughter of Jeremiah, and she bore him four 
children, two of whom are living: Jere Lott, 
silversmith, at 112- 116 Walker street. New York 
city, and residence at 245 Eighty-first street. Bay 
Ridge; and Abraham, who lives at Seventh avenue 
and Garfield Place, Brooklyn. Aaron Lott died in 
1886, Ins wife in lS94- 

Jere Lott was born at Eighteenth avenue and 
Sixty-fifth street, Bath Beach. July 16. 1854- He 
gained his primary education in the public schools 
and then spent two years at the Brooklyn Polytech- 
nic Institute. He acquired a practical knowledge 
of die-sinking and in 1893 was made a special partner 
in the firm of Otto & Schmitt, which was later 
succeeded by the firm of Lott & Schmitt, in which 
he 1- controlling partner. He was a member of the 
board of special commissioners appointed i" < i'nl 
three million, five hundred thousand dollars in grad- 
ing and improving the streets of New Utrecht. i\ 
lifelong member of the Dutch Reformed church, 
he is one of its deacons and is helpfully devoted to 
all its interests. He is a Mason and a member of 
the Crescent and Ridge Clubs and one of the gov- 
ernors of the latter. 

October 20, 1880, Mr. Lott married Rebecca B. 



140 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Van Brunt, daughter of Daniel and Mary C. (Ber- 
gen) Van Brunt, and a lineal descendant of Rutyert 
Joosten Van Brunt, who came from Utrecht, Hol- 
land, in 1657, with nineteen others, and under a 
patent from the Holland government became the 
possessor of "plats 11 and 12, Yellow Hook," and 
named New Utrecht after his native town in Hol- 
land. Mr. and Mrs. Lott have had two children, 
one of whom, Daniel V. B., is living. 

FRANK ELIOT WEST, A. M., M. D. 

Dr. West is engaged in the practice of medicine 
in Brooklyn, and has that love for and devotion to 
his profession which have brought to him success 
and won him a place among the ablest representa- 
tives of the medical fraternity in the city. He was 
born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, February S, 1851, 
and is a son of John Chapman and Maria L. 
(Goodrich) West, natives, respectively, of Wash- 
ington and Pittsfield, Massachusetts, and of early 
English ancestry. 

The Doctor was educated in Greylock Institute 
of South Williamstown, Massachusetts, and was 
graduated in Williams College with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts in 1S72. receiving the degree of 
Master of Arts three years later. Under the pre- 
ceptorage of Drs. Frank K. Paddock and J. F. A. 
Adams he received his medical education in the 
College of Physicians & Surgeons, of New York, and 
the Long Island College Hospital, graduating at 
the latter institution in 1876. with the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. He has since been an active 
member of the profession ami is now consulting 
physician and makes a specialty of the treatment of 
internal diseases. Besides enjoying a large and 
lucrative practice the Doctor has held the following 
professional positions in the Long Island College 
Hospital: House physician and surgeon in 1876-7; 
surgeon of the out-door department from 1878 to 
1885; assistant to the chair of medical practice from 
1SS0 to r886; lecturer on physical diagnosis and dis- 
eases of the kidneys, from 1883 to 1886: assistant 
physician to the hospital in 1883; visiting physician to 
tlu- hospital since [885; and professor of materia med- 
ica and therapeutics and clinical medicine since 1886. 
lb' was president of the Alumni Association in 1885. 
He was also visiting physician to the Kings County 
Hospital from [893 to 1898, and consulting physician 
to that institution since the latter date, and has been 
visiting physician to the Brooklyn Hospital since 
1S04. Il«' is the author of many published pamphlets 
and papers of much value to the profession. 

In [878 I'r. West became a member of tin- Medical 
Society of the Countj of Km--, has been censoi of 
the society at various times, was vice-president in 



1890, president in 1891, and chairman of the board 
of trustees since 1892, and was chairman of the 
building committee which erected the new medical 
library on Bedford avenue, in Brooklyn. He is a 
permanent member of the New York State Medical 
Society, and is a member of the New York Acad- 
emy of Medicine, the Physicians Mutual Aid Asso- 
ciation of New York, the Brooklyn Pathological So- 
ciety, and the Associated Physicians of Long Island. 
He is also a member of the Hamilton and the Cres- 
cent Athletic Clubs of Brooklyn and the Alpha Delta 
Phi Club of New York. 

On the 10th of June, 1896, Dr. West was united 
in marriage to Miss Mary V. Humphries, of New 
York, and they have one child, Frank Eliot. Jr. The 
family attend the Trinity Episcopal church of Brook- 



FRANCIS W. BOWRON. M. D. 

Dr. Francis W. Bowron, of Brooklyn, was born 
January 19, 1846. in the city which is still his home, 
his parents being Watson and Maria (Field) Bow- 
ron. He is a grandson of William and Mary (Story) 
Bowron. who were of the Society of Friends and 
came from England to America prior to the year 
1800. The grandfather was born in county York- 
shire, in November, 1756. and arrived in Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, in November, 1786. He was 
there married to Miss Mary Story, who was born 
in the county of Durham, England, November 9, 
1763. He died January 23, 183S. and her death oc- 
curred October 5. 1840. Their children were Joshua, 
John, Henry, William. Sarah. Hannah and Watson. 
The maternal grandparents of the Doctor were Jo- 
siah and Hannah G. Field, who were descended 
from early New England ancestry, the line of de 
scent being traceable back to Cromwell. The several 
branches of the Cromwell family in America claim 
descent from the same parent stock as that of the 
protector, Oliver Cromwell. It is presumed that 
the ancestor of the American line was Col. John 
Cromwell, third son of Richard Cromwell and a 
brother of the protector. John Cromwell, son of 
Colonel John Cromwell, emigrated from Holland to 
the New Netherlands. In 16S6 he resided at Long 
Neck. Westchester county, afterward known as 
Cromwell Neck. He married and left two sons, 
John and James, the latter born in 160(1 and died 
in 1780. He married Esther Godfrey and had two 
children. John James and William. John Crom- 
well, of Harrison, Westchester county, was born De- 
cember 5, 1727, anil married Anna Hopkins, of Long 
Island, who was born January 1 _>, 1730. lie was 
an active patriot during the Revolution, and endured 
many hardships in the cause of liberty. He died in 




fo^e^f/itf ~^^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



I II 



1805. His children were: James, Daniel. John, 
Joseph, William and Naomi Esther. The latter mar- 
ried John Griffin, of North Castle. He was born 
December 16. 1755, and died September 30, 1826, 
He was married, October 22, 1777, and his wife was 
born January 1, 1760, and died January 16, iS\2. 
Their daughter, Hannah Griffin, was born on the 
18th of November, 1778. Her paternal ancestry may 
be traced back through many generations to Ed- 
ward Griffin, who, at the age of twenty-three years, 
sailed from London, England, on the ship Abraham, 
which weighed anchor on the 24th of October, 1636, 
bound for Virginia. He took up his abode in the 
midst of the colony founded by Secretary William 
Cleyborne, at Kent and Palmer's Island. Owing to 
a dispute between Cleyborne and Lord Baltimore, 
Edward Griffin and others, were seized on Palmer's 
Island, June 30, 1638. Griffin fled to New Amster- 
dam, and there, on the 27th of August, 1640, he was 
brought before the authorities on an application of 
Leonard Calvert, governor of Maryland, to have him 
returned, but as it was proved that he was a prisoner 
in Maryland and not a fugitive he remained in New 
Amsterdam. Thus it was that the Griffin family 
became established in the Empire state. Edward 
Griffin was married in Flushing, about the year 1650. 
He acquired land at Flatbush, and in 1656 he was a 
resident of Gravesend, where, on the 27th of Jan- 
uary, 1658, he purchased a half of a plantation lot, 
which he subsequently sold. He was among the 
early settlers at Flushing, arriving there in 1657 or 
1658, and on the 27th of December, 1657, with others 
he protested against the persecution of the Quakers 
by Governor Peter Stuyvesant. Records show that 
he was still living in 1608. His children were Ed- 
ward, John, Richard and Deborah. His son, John 
Griffin, of Flushing, was married about 1690, and 
died in 1742, while his wife, Elizabeth, died in 1740. 
Their sun, John Griffin, of Mamaroneck, was born 
about 1691, and died in 1759. He was married about 
1711, to Hannah Clarke, and they had two sons. 
the elder being John Griffin, who was born May 29, 
1713. and died subsequent to 1770. He, too, was a 
resident of Mamaroneck. On the 13th of November, 
1 73 1 , or 1732. he married Dorcas Quimby, widow of 
John Clapp, and she died about 1734. His brother 
was Joseph Griffin, who was twenty-four years his 
junior. John Griffin, of Harrison, New York, a son 
of John and Dorcas (Quimby) Griffin, was born in 
January, 1733, and died in December. 1S07. He 
was married, November 21, 1754, to Hannah Havi- 
land, who was born February 3, 1738. and died July 
5, 1758. Their son, who also bore the name of John 
Griffin, resided in North Castle. He was born De- 
cember 16, 1755, and died September 30, 1826. On 



the 22d of October, 1777. be wedded Esther Crom- 
well, and thus two of the old colonial families were 
united. She was born January 1, 1760, and died 
January 16, 1832. Their daughter, Hannah Griffin, 
became the wife of Josiah Field and the maternal 
grandmother of Dr. Bowron. She was horn No- 
vember 18. 1778. and on the 14th of October, 1795, 
married Josiah Field, a son of Uriah and Mary 
(Quinby) Field. He was born September 2, 1774. 
and died April 14, 1859, while his wife passed awaj 
July 30, 1824. Their children were as follows: Esther, 
born June 20, 179S, was married, October 19, 1814, 
to Moses J. Quinby, and died January 19, 1852: 
Phabe, born August 3, 1800, was married November 
9, 1826, to Josiah Barnes, and died June 30. [851J 
Sarah S.. born April 10. 1802, was married. May 9, 
1821, to John S. Bowron. M. D., and died October 
7, 1850; Maria M., born August 30, 1805, was mar- 
ried, February 2^, 1831, to Watson Bowron, and be- 
came the mother of the Doctor ; and Richard Mott, 
the youngest of the family, was born April 12, 1814, 
and died October 27, 1819. 

Watson Bowron, the Doctor's father, was born in 
Newcastle,' Westchester county, New York, January 
S, 1807. He was married, February 23, 1831, to Maria. 
Mott Field, and in 1842 took up his abode in what 
is now the twenty-fifth ward of Brooklyn, on a farm 
adjoining that owned by Adrian Suydam. This farm 
he later divided into building lots and sold at a good 
profit. In doing so he laid out Palmetto, Woodbine, 
Ivy and Grove streets and Evergreen avenue, and 
that section of Brooklyn is still known as Bowron- 
ville. In 1852 he purchased another large farm in 
Flushing, which he also laid out into lots and sold 
to the Bowron Land Association. In 1871 he took 
up his residence at 257 Tompkins avenue, Brooklyn, 
where he died July 13, 1876, at the age of sixty-nine 
years. His widow, surviving him for many years, 
passed away on the 2d of January. 1900, at the age 
of ninety-four years. In their family were four 
children: William Henry, who married Annie 
Woodruff and was for several years in the express 
business 111 Long Island City, but died August 12, 
1892, at the age of fifty-four years: Maria: Louise 
and Josephine, who are twins: and Francis W. The 
Doctor is the youngest of the family. He began his 
education in the public schools, later was a student 
in Flushing Institute and was graduated in the med- 
ical department of the University of New York, with 
the el. is, of 1870. He then opened an office and be- 
gan the practice of his profession. After a few 
months he went with his parents to Brooklyn and 
has since been located in business at No. 260 Tomp- 
kins avenue. He has a large general practice and 
pays special attention to the treatment of diseases 



1 I: 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



of women and children. He is a member of the 
Medical Society of the County of Kings and is med- 
ical examiner for lunacy in Kings county. 

Dr. Bowron was married. May 15, 1878, to Miss 
Eugenia Betts, a daughter of Anthony Betts, of 
Woodside. Long Island, becoming his wife. She 
died December 23, 1SS2. His second marriage was 
celebrated June 2, 1896, when he married Miss 
Georgianna Deitz, a daughter of Alonzo E. Deitz. 
The Doctor and Mrs. Bowron are members of St. 
George's Episcopal church, of Brooklyn. They are 
people of sterling worth and hold an enviable posi- 
tion in social circles because of their many excel- 
lent qualities. 

GILBERT HICKS. 

Gilbert Hicks, of Flatbush, was born at Norton's 
Point, Coney Island, on the 6th of March, 1832, 
in the only house located on the island at that time. 
He represents a family that has long been widely 
known in this section of the Empire state. One of 
its representatives was Elias Hicks, a noted divine. 
Thomas Hicks, the father of our subject, was born 
at Newtown. Long Island, and was a son of Gilbert 
Hicks, Sr. The former came to Coney Island about 
1828 and served as commissioner of common land* 
of Gravesend. He was a deacon and leader in the 
Dutch Reformed church at that place and was a 
leading and influential citizen whose active connec- 
tion with public affairs proved of great benefit to 
the community. He married Cornelia Van Sicklen, 
a daughter of Abraham Van Sicklen, one of the 
early settlers of Gravesend. His death occurred in 
1890. Four of in- nine children still survive him, 
namely: Gilbert; Annie; Mary, widow of Abraham 
Voorhies, of Flatbush; and John B., who is also liv- 
ing in Flatbush. 

Gilbert Hicks attended the local schools in 
Gravesend and entered upon his business career as a 
clerk in a store on Staten Island. He afterward 
occupied a similar position in Gravesend and later 
was appointed -Innkeeper at the county building, 
entering upon the duties of that position in 1857. 
He served in that capacity for thirty years, a fact 
which indicates his fidelity and trustworthiness. 

Mr. Hick- was united in marriage to Miss Emma 
Abrahams, of Linnbrook. Long Island, a daughter 
of Zachariah Abrahams. Their marriage was blessed 
with four children, of whom three are now living, 
as follows. Nettie L. wife of Arthur Hatch, of 
Flatbush; Fannie, wife of Lewis Vernal, of Brook- 
lyn; and Adelaide. In 1857 Mr. links took up his 
residence in Flatbush and has been a promoter of 
many of its interests that have proved of public 
benefit. He is a Democrat in politics, and at one 



time was quite active in the work of the party. For 
many years he has been a Mason and has long served 
as an elder and deacon in the Dutch Reformed 
church at Flatbush, of which he is an esteemed and 
valued member. 

JACOB D. REMSEN. 

The ability of a man to rise above the ranks and 
attain a position of prominence in the world pre- 
supposes a strength above the average, a stability 
of character that will endure all discouragement and 
disappointments and in the end triumph over every 
impediment that obstructs the pathway to success. 
Mr. Remsen is a gentleman who has attained honor 
in his state by personal merits, his integrity of char- 
acter and a strict adherence to the highest standard 
of principles. He is recognized as a leading rep- 
resentative of the Republican party and is now a 
member of the state assembly. Few political gather- 
ings of any importance in the city of Brooklyn are 
complete without his presence. 

Mr. Remsen was born in the house in which he 
now lives, on the 7th of April, 1855. His father. T. 
Schenck Remsen, is still living and is represented 
elsewhere in this volume. The son was educated in 
Erasmus Hall Academy, where he was graduated 
in 1S71, and in 1S75 he was graduated at the Brook- 
lyn Polytechnic Institute. Fie then began farming, 
which he continuously followed until 1885. He has 
taken a very active interest in political affairs since 
attaining his majority, and his fellow townsmen, rec- 
ognizing his worth and ability, have frequently called 
him to public office. In 1893 he was elected justice 
of the peace, and in 1896 was chosen one of the board 
of assessors. In 1899 he became deputy internal rev- 
enue collector and in the same year was also chief 
of the index department of the hall of records in 
Brooklyn. In the fall of 1S99 he was elected to rep- 
resent the eighteenth assembly district, including the 
Twenty-ninth, Twenty-fourth and Thirty-second 
wards and three districts of the Twenty-third ward 
in the state legislature, and is now a member of the 
house. He has been one of its most active working 
members and introduced into the legislature thirteen 
measures, eleven of which became laws. He has 
labored most earnestly and indefatigably for those 
interests which he believes will prove of public 
benefit, and has left the impress of his individuality 
upon the legislation of the state. 

On the 4th of August, 1876, Mr. Remsen was 
united in marriage to Miss Laura Oliver, a daughter 
of Garrett Oliver and a representative of an old 
Long Island family. They now have five children, 
— T. Schenck, Percy. Lillian. Ethel and Arthur. Mr. 
Remsen belongs to the Cortclyou Club and the 




fa^(Jfa«^ 



HISTORY OF LOXG ISLAND. 



143 



Young Men's Republican Club of Flatbush. While 
undoubtedly he is not without that honorable ambi- 
tion which is so powerful and useful as an incentive 
to activity in public affairs, he regards the pursuits 
of private life as being in themselves abundantly 
worthy of his best efforts. His is a noble character 
— one that subordinates personal ambition to public 
good and seeks rather the benefit of others than (lie 
aggrandizement of self. 

WILBUR L. RICKARD, M. D. 

In the comparison of labors to which men devote 
their energies to ascertain the relative importance and 
value, it has usually been accorded that the med- 
ical profession is among the most important, and 
many accord it the first place. A well known mem- 
ber of the fraternity in Brooklyn is Dr. Wilbur 
Lament Rickard, who is located at No. 262 Stuy- 
vesant avenue. He was born in Palatine Bridge, 
Montgomery county, New York, March 4, 1867, and 
is the only child of Charles Henry and Margaret 
Elizabeth (Snell) Rickard. His grandparents, Alex- 
ander and Elizabeth (Fuller) Rickard, were also 
natives of Palatine Bridge, and there resided Fred- 
erick Rickard, the great-grandfather of the Doctor. 
Palatine Bridge was settled by a German colony in 
1710 and the Doctor's ancestors were probably of the' 
number. 

His preliminary education was acquired in the 
public schools and was supplemented by study in 
Canajoharie Academy and the Cazenovia Seminary, 
and his medical education was completed by his 
graduation in the Long Island College Hospital, 
with the class of 1889. After serving for one year 
as interne in the hospital of his alma mater he lo- 
cated on Halsey street, Brooklyn, and engaged in 
the practice of his profession, removing to hi; pres- 
ent location on Stuyvesant avenue in 1896. For sev- 
eral years he was connected with the Bedford Dis- 
pensary and Hospital. He engages in general prac- 
tice and has written a number of pamphlets and pro- 
fessional papers which were subsequently published. 
He is a member of the Medical Society of the County 
of Kings, of Brooklyn Medical Society, the Long 
Island Medical Society and the Physicians' Mum.! 
Aid Association, of New York. During the threat- 
ened epidemic of smallpox in 1895 lie wa 
official vaccinators of the Brooklyn health depart- 
ment. 

Dr. Rickard was married. April 26. 189.1. to Miss 
Emily Johnson, of New York, and they have one 
child, Harold Johnson. The Doctor and Mrs. Rick- 
ard are members of Janes' Methodisl 
church and he holds membership relations with 
Valiant Council of the Royal Arcanum. In his po- 



litical views he is a Democrat, but is not active in 
party work, preferring to devote his energies to his 
professional duties. His close application and his 
earnest purpose have secured him advancement and 
he well deserves the liberal patronage which is ac- 
corded him. 

WILLIAM J'. MAXWELL. 

William J. Maxwell, prominent in political circles, 
popular in social circles and a leader in the com- 
mercial life of Brooklyn, was born in New York 
city in January, 1853, and was there educated in 
the public schools. His business training came 
through a clerkship in various extensive dry-goods 
houses of the metropolis, and seventeen years ago 
he felt himself sufficiently familiar with business 
methods to embark in merchandising on his own ac- 
unit. He therefore opened a store, which formed 
the nucleus of his present extensive business. The 
firm of Maxwell & Company, of which he is the 
senior member, is now doing an extensive business 
at the corner of Fifth avenue and Fifteenth street, 
in Brooklyn, where they occupy a large building, 
fifty by one hundred and seventy-five feet, in which 
employment is furnished to seventy-five people. 
Splendidly equipped and carrying a large stock, the 
house is now enjoying a very extensive patronage, 
which is constantly growing and thereby augmenting 
their success. In connection with his mercantile in- 
terests Mr. Maxwell is a director in the Greater 
New York Savings Bank, of which he was one of 
the organizers, and is vice-president of the South 
Brooklyn Board of Trade. 

As a citizen Mr. Maxwell is deeply interested in 
everything pertaining to the welfare, progress and 
improvement of Brooklyn and is often the leader 
111 movements tending to the upbuilding of the city. 
His co-operation is freely given to all measures for 
the general good, and he is a member of the Com- 
mittee of Fifty, representing the most progressive, 
enterprising and substantial citizens of Brooklyn, the 
purpose of the organization being the purification of 
"1 the development of local improvements. 
Politically he is a Republican and at the present 
time is serving as the president of the Twelfth As- 
sembly District Republican Club, which was incor- 
porated in February, 1901, and occupies rooms .a 
the southeast corner of Seventh avenue and Ninth 
street, where the conveniences include all those of 
the modern club. The present membership i; three 
hundred and fifty, chiefly found in the assembly dis- 
trict, yet associate members may be admitted from 
outside the district. The club participated actively 
and aggressively in all the election campaigns, and 
in the election of the organization nominees at all 



144 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



times, and to the general success of the party. For 
more than twenty years Mr. Maxwell has resided 
in the Twenty-second ward of Brooklyn and has 
long been active in political circles, his value as a 
worker being indicated by the fact that he is fre- 
quently chosen to act as delegate to the conventions 
of his party. 

Of various fraternal and social organizations he 
is a valued representative. He is a member of the 
Craftsmen Club of New York and for twenty-one 
years has been identified with the Masonic fra- 
ternity, throughout which period he has continuously 
held office in one or more of the Masonic bodies. 
His membership is now with Lebanon Lodge, No. 
191. F. & A. M. ; Chaldean Chapter. No. 265, R. 
A. M.; Brooklyn Cottncil, R. & S. M. ; Damascus 
Commandery, No. 258, K. T.. and with Mecca 
Temple, of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. At the 
present writing he is a member of the Grand Com- 
mandery of the Knights Templar of New York. He 
likewise affiliates with Brooklyn Lodge, B. P. O. 
E. He is one of the substantial business men of 
South Brooklyn. Enterprising and progressive, he 
stands as high in the business world as he is popular 
and prominent in the political and social life of the 
locality. 

BRUNO W. BIERBAUER, M. D. 

One of the best known of the younger physicians 
of Brooklyn is Dr. Bierbauer, who was born in 
Mankato, Minnesota, and is a son of William and 
Louise Bierbauer, natives of Dornburg, Germany. 
His maternal ancestors almost as far back as now 
traceable were of the medical profession. He at- 
tended the public schools of his native town and 
also the University of Minnesota, where he was 
graduated with the degree of 11. S. in 1888. 'He 
tlnn matriculated in the Homeopathic Medical Col- 
lege .if New York, where he was graduated in 1891. 

After two years -pint in the Brooklyn Homeo- 
pathic Hospital, Dr. Bierbauer opened an office at 
85 Pierpont -inn. and in that locality he has since 
successfully engaged in practice. His skill and 
ability are attested h\ the liberal patronage he en- 
joys, and he ranks as one of the leading homeopathic 
physicians of the city, lb' is a member of the staff 
of the Brooklyn Maternity Hospital, and has also 
served in the various homeopathic dispensaries of 
Brooklyn. 

Mm Doctor is a member of the Kings County 
Homeopathic Medical Society, State Homeopathic 
Medical Society, American Institute of Homeopathy, 
the Academy of Pathological Science, the Materia 
Medica Society ami the Paedological Society of New 
York. He i- al-o a member of tin- Aesculapian Club, 



the Crescent Athletic Club, the Dyker Meadow Golf 
Club, the Twentieth Century Club of Brooklyn, the 
Titan Club of New York and the Minnesota Acad- 
emy of Natural Sciences. He has written a num- 
ber of scientific pamphlets, one of the most notable- 
being that on the Palaeozoic Fossils in the Northwest. 

JAMES H. TULLY. 

James H. Tully. who has been long in the public 
service and is now deputy fire commissioner for the 
boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, was born in Ire- 
land November 5, 1850. He acquired his education 
in public school No. 17, of Brooklyn, and St. Vin- 
cent's Academy, later taking a special course under 
private tutors, preparatory to studying medicine. It 
was his early ambition to become a physician, but 
abandoning this plan he learned bookkeeping and 
was soon appointed a clerk in the office of the city 
clerk of Brooklyn, in January, 1873. In 1880 he was 
made deputy city clerk and for twenty years was 
clerk of the common council of the city of Brook- 
lyn, being at that time one of the youngest men who 
ever held the position. His capability and trust- 
worthiness, however, are well indicated by his long 
retention in the office. On the expiration of his term 
as deputy city clerk he accepted the position of 
manager of the business of O'Keef & Doyle, who 
were the Long Island representatives of the Albany 
Brewing Company, and with them he remained un- 
til July. 1888, when he was elected assistant secretary 
of the board of education of Brooklyn and annually 
re-elected as such until his appointment as deputy 
fire commissioner, January 1. 1808. Since that time 
he has served in the position and this incumbency 
has added new laurels to a record which is ex- 
tremely commendable by reason of unfaltering fidel- 
ity to duty. 

For many years Mr. Tully has been prominent 
in Democratic politics in Kings county and at the 
present time is one of the leaders of the Fourteenth 
ward. He was one of the organizers and incor- 
porators of the Seymour Club in June. 189S, and is 
now its honored and valued president. This or- 
ganization was formed by a few prominent Demo- 
crats of the Fourteenth ward as a social and po- 
litical cluli with headquarters in the wigwam, a 
small structure built ior the purpose of accom- 
modating the club, but it soon outgrew its original 
home and removed to the old Forty-seventh Regi- 
ment armory on North Seventh street. E. Scott, 
for many years a well known and prominent Demo- 
crat and a former alderman of the district, was 
the first president and continued in that office for 
several years, when Mr. Tully was elected to succeed 
him. The present membership of the club is about 




/£^ >/Liw^_ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



147. 



eleven hundred, and they now occupy quarters in a 
handsome building which was erected by the club at 
a cost of twenty thousand dollars. This is a fine 
brick structure fronting on Bedford avenue and is 
ninety-five feet in depth. The club comprises all 
the features of the modern social club and occupies 
five floors ot the building, the first and second floors 
being used for billiard and sitting rooms, the thud 
floor for the assembly room, the fourth floor for 
parlor and music rooms and the fifth floor for bath 
and miscellaneous purposes. The secretary of tin 
club is Richard Cleary. This district has undergone 
a complete political transformation since 1893, it 
being the banner Democratic district in Kings 
county. 

Mr. Tully is a man of pleasing personality, who 
wins friends and inspires confidence and is well fitted 
for leadership. His business ability and executive 
force are also salient elements in his career am! 
have been important factors in his administration as 
president of the club, contributing in large measure 
to its numerical growth and to its power m Demo- 
cratic circles. Mr. Tully is connected with the 
Friendly Sons of St. Patrick and various other or- 
ganizations and in all is highly esteemed for his 
sterling worth. 

GEORGE W. WELTY, M. D. 

Dr. Welty is a native of the Southland, his birth 
having occurred in Emmittsburg, Frederick county, 
Maryland, on the 4th of July. 1845. his parents be- 
ing Andrew and Rebecca ( Black ) Welty. His pa- 
ternal grandfather. John Welty. and his maternal 
grandfather. John Black, were also natives of Mary- 
land, the former born in Carroll county and the 
latter in Hagerstown. The Welty family is of Ger- 
man lineage and is noted for longevity. The Doc- 
tor pursued his literary education in private and 
select schools in his native town ami in Orange. New 
Jersey, With a view of making the practice of med- 
icine his life work he attended one course of lec- 
tures in the Long Island College Hospital and was 
afterward graduated at the Bellevue College- Hos- 
pital of New York city, in 1870. Previously he bad 
gained a comprehensive knowledge of drugs and 
their uses through his seven years' experience as 
drug clerk, from 1863 until 1870. and as soon as he 
secured his degree he located in South Brooklyn, 
where he has since engaged in the general practice 
of medicine, meeting with a creditable degree of suc- 
cess. He has also done considerable work in the 
charity department of the city and is also a member 
of the Medical Society of the County of Kings, the 
Kings County Medical Association and the New 
York State Medical Association. 



The Doctor was married, on the 7th of Novem- 
ber, 1S70. to Mi,s Sarah Douglas, of Philadelphia, 
who died September 1, 1895. lie has three children, 
Man Rebecca, Elizabeth Agnes and Josephine Lil- 
lian, to whom he has given excellent educational ad- 
vantages, being graduates of St. Joseph Academy 
near Emmitsburg, Maryland. The Doctor and his 
family are communicants of St. Mary's Star of the 
Sea < atholic church. He is a member of the Co- 
lumbian Club of the Order of Catholic Knights, 
and is the medical examiner for the latter. He is 
also the medical examiner for the Penn Mutual In- 
surance Company, of Philadelphia. 

His uniform courtesy and genial disposition have 
gamed the friendly regard of all with whom he has 
come m contact, and in this volume he well de- 
serves representation as an exemplary resident of 



JOHN E. WADE, M. D. 

In the city where Dr. John Edward Wade is now 
practicing his profession he was born on the 24th 
ol" August, 1848. and throughout his entire life he 
has been a resident of Brooklyn. His parents were 
James M. and Elizabeth (Wade) Wade, natives of 
.Yew York city. The father, who was a prominent 
builder, died at the age of sixty years, but the 
mother is -nil living, at the age of eighty-four. The 
Doctor is a grandson of John Wade and great- 
grandson of Edward Wade, who became the founder 
of the family in America, emigrating to this coun- 
try from England about 1800. The Doctor is the 
third in a family of four children, the others being 
James D., a practicing physician of Brooklyn: Will- 
iam H., a builder of this city; and Durlyn, of Brook- 
lyn. 

In the public schools of Brooklyn Dr. Wade ac- 
quired his literary education and prepared for pro- 
fessional life as a student in the Medical College 
of the University of New York, in which he was 
graduated with the class of 1871. Soon after com- 
pleting the course he located in Brooklyn and has 
since engaged in the practice of his profession, en- 
joying .1 successful career from the beginning. He 
soon demonstrated his ability to cope with the in- 
tricate problems that meet the physician, ami his 
labors have been attended with excellent results, 
which indicate his thorough and comprehensive 
knowdedgc of the science of medicine. He was for 
some time connected with the Bushwick and Eastern 
District Hospital, and is a member of the Medical 
Society of the County of Kings. 

The Doctor was married, in 1870, to Miss Hester 
Rogers, of Brooklyn, and they now have two chil- 
dren, — Frank Edward, who is a student in Amhurst 



14f) 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



College, in the class of 1901 ; and Adele Wade. The 
Doctor is a member of the Royal Arcanum, the 
Legion of Honor and the Green Avenue Baptist 
church, and in the last named lias served as trustee. 

WILLIAM MARLOW. 

William Marlow, a successful hardware merchant 
and one of the oldest business men of Greenpoint, 
Brooklyn, was born in Dublin, Ireland, November 7, 
1835, the son of William and Jane (Lemaistre) Mar- 
low. His father, a native of Dublin, was a hard- 
ware merchant there, but came to this country in 
1845, locating first in what was then the village of 
Williamsburg. He established there a hardware 
business at the corner of Grand and Second streets. 
He subsequently was a resident of Newtown for 
several years. Through the succeeding decade he 
engaged in the house-furnishing business on Grand 
street. Later he removed to Ithaca, Michigan, where 
he conducted a general country store up to the time 
of his death. He was a Republican in politics, a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
a zealous member of the Methodist Episcopal church 
and a local preacher of prominence. His six chil- 
dren were: Jane, William, John, George, Thomas 
William and Sophia. The last named died at the 
age of eighteen years. The father died August 4, 
1884, at the age of seventy-four years, and the mother 
passed away August 10, 1877, at the age of sixty-five 
years. 

William Marlow was educated in the public 
schools of Dublin, and at ten years of age came with 
his father to America, serving his first clerkship in 
his father's store in Williamsburg. Subsequently he 
was in the employ of Guy R. Brown, and later re- 
moved to Greenpoint to accept a clerkship in the 
hardware store of Bliss & Brown, wdio later sold 
their interests to Benjamin R. Davis, Mr. Marlow re- 
maining with him until the breaking out of the Civil 
war. An incident then occurred that shaped Mr. 
1 entire future career. Antipathy against 

the war was strung with those who sympathized with 
the outh, and among a class known as such sympa- 
thizers wa-, Mr. Marlow's employer. The young 
man himself was an ardent Republican. Because of 
this he nol onlj suffered from the odium his stand, 
in the mind of his employer, cast upon him, but was 
by bun laid off from Ins employment for a brief 
period. Incensed al this, Mi Marlow at 1 nice opened 
a hardware tore, on a mall cale, next door to his 
employer, and in foui months' time bad worked up 
an oppo ition to him formidable that he was 
forced to sell out his business to Mr. Marlow. With 
thi tarl at independent business for himself he then 



located at No. 142 Franklin street, for a period of 
twenty years, and later was at the corner of Milton 
street and Manhattan avenue, where he remained for 
ten years. He then came to Nos. 759-761 Manhattan 
avenue, his present location. Here Mr. Marlow now 
occupies two floors, 50 by 90 feet, employs twelve 
clerks and does as extensive a business as is done by 
any firm in the eastern district of Brooklyn. 

On the first of August, 1S58, he was married to 
Miss Hannah Phillips. They have had six children: 
William George, who was born May 2, 1859, and died 
September 13. 1891 ; Susie, who was born October 18, 
1864, and died July 15, 1S65 ; Charles, who was born 
August 5. 1866; Jane Lemaistre, who was born Aug- 
ust 16. 1868. and died June 20, 1869; George W. 
Averill, who was born December 12, 1871, and died 
November 28, 1872; and Averill Lemaistre, who was 
born September 12, 1875. 

Ranking among the most prominent men of 
Greenpoint, Mr. Marlow's influence in social circles 
and society organizations is equally commanding. He 
is a member and trustee of the Tabernacle Methodist 
Episcopal church, a member of Seawanhaka Lodge, 
No. 678, F. & A. M. ; of the Osceola Council. No. 
759. Royal Arcanum ; of the Knights of Honor. Cres- 
cent Lodge, No. 1699 ; of the Obelisk Council, No. 
336, American Legion of Hon'or; and of the Hemp- 
stead Bay Yacht Club. Mr. Marlow has a pleasant 
home at Frecport, Nassau county. Long Island, 
where his family spend the summer seasons. 

WILLIAM HUGHES. 

William Hughes is one of the ablest lawyers prac- 
ticing at the Brooklyn bar, having that mental grasp 
which enables him to readily discover the points in a 
case. A man of sound judgment, he manages his 
cases with masterly skill and tact, and is regarded as 
one of the best jury advocates in his district. He is 
a logical reasoner and has a ready command of Eng- 
lish and as assistant corporation counsel for the bor- 
ough of Brooklyn he has carefully guarded the public 
interests with a zeal and fidelity which indicates un- 
wavering allegiance to duty and a patriotic spirit. 

Mr. Hughes was born in New York city, May jr, 
1856, and during his childhood became a resident of 
the Eleventh ward of Brooklyn. His mother died 
when he was only six years of age, and by his fa- 
ther's death he was left an orphan at the age of four- 
teen, since which time he lias been practically de- 
pendent upon his own exertions not only for a live- 
lihood but for bis education. Previous to that time 
he had attended the public and parochial schools and 
later be continued his studies in the night schools, 
eventually being graduated in the evening high 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



147 



school. His first employment was as office boy in the 
service of ex-Judge Troy, with whom he remained as 
clerk and managing attorney until his own admission 
to the bar. His close application to his duties won 
him the approval and assistance of his employer, 
under whose direction he read law, mastering the 
principles of jurisprudence until he was enabled to 
pass the examination for admission. Even then he 
did not sever his relations with Judge Troy but con- 
tinued with him until 1889, when he entered into 
partnership with Congressman Magner, under the 
firm name of Magner & Hughes, a relation which 
was maintained until the junior partner was appoint- 
ed to the position of assistant corporation counsel, <>n 
the first of January, 1S98. under the present justice 
of the appellate division of the supreme court. Hon. 
Almet F. Jenks, who was then corporation counsel. 
In his present official capacity he has charge of the 
litigated business in the trial terms of the supreme 
court, which has to do essentially with the defending 
of suits against the city for damages for personal in- 
juries and injuries to property. In his private prac- 
tice he is at the present time associated with Mr. 
Heistad in the firm of Hughes & Heistad, general 
practitioners, and their clientage is now large and of 
an important character. He prepares his cases with 
thoroughness and exactness, and while omitting no 
detail which will add to the strength of his cause, he 
never for a moment loses sight of or fails to give due 
prominence to the important point upon which the 
decision of the case finally turns. 

Mr. Hughes has been active in political work 
since 1S80, in which year he served as second vice- 
chairman of the Democratic state convention. Since 
that time he has borne a conspicuous part in the pol- 
itics of Kings county. He was a candidate for city 
auditor at the convention in 1884, and in 1891 was 
elected supervisor for the Eleventh ward by the 
largest majority ever given any Democratic candi- 
date in that ward. In 1893 he was elected to the 
general assembly in a district which at that election 
gave about seventeen hundred Republican majority, 
and was an active working member of the house, 
leaving the impress of his legal knowledge upon the 
legislation of the session. Since attaining his major- 
ity he has been chosen as delegate to the Male and 
local conventions and his opinions carry weigh! 11) 
the councils of his party. He has been a member of 
the Democratic committee of Kings county since 
twenty-one years of age and leader of his district for 
the past eight years. He is a member of the New 
York Democratic Club, the Fort Green Democratic 
Club, the Washington Democratic Club, and the 
Tenth Assembly District Club, and at all times he is 



watchful for the interests of the party, advancing its 
growth and success whenever In- can. 

Of various fraternal organizations Mr. Hughes is 
also a valued member, including the Benevolent Pro- 
tective Order of Elks, the Improved Order of For- 
esters, the Knights of Columbus ami the Royal Ar- 
canum. He was the honored president of the Juanita 
Club for fifteen years and also holds membership 
with the Columbia Club. A man's reputation is his 
chief property, and the reputation of Mr. Hughes is 
one which reflects credit upon him. His powers as 
an advocate have been demonstrated by his success 
on many occasions. He is an able lawyer .if large 
and varied experience in all the courts. Thorough- 
ness characterizes all his efforts and he conducts all 
hi- business with a strict regard to a high standard of 
professional ethics. The success of his life is due to 
no inherited fortune or to any happy succession of 
advantageous circumstances, but to his own sturdy 
will, steady application, studious habits, tireless in- 
dustry and sterling integrity. 

HENRY C. FISCHER. 

A leading and representative citizen of the Sev- 
enteenth ward, eastern district of Brooklyn, Mr. 
Fischer, was born at Kingston, New York. April 23, 
1858. His parents were Henry and Barbara (Kline I 
Fischer, and his father was a native of the university 
city of Leipsic, Germany, and his mother was a na- 
tive of the city of Wittenburg, in the kingdom of 
Wurtemberg Henry Fischer, the father of our sub- 
ject, came to America in 1S44 and iocated with his 
family at Kingston, New York, whence he removed 
to Brooklyn in 1862, here taking up his abode in the 
Williamsburg district. He engaged in the foundry 
business here, having his establishment at the corner 
of Graham avenue and Richardson street, where he 
conducted the enterprise from 1S64 until 1S75. in 
which \ear his death occurred. About the same time 
the railroad company purchased this property and his 
son. Henry C, who succeeded to the father's busi- 
ness, removed the establishment and enterprise to the 
Seventeenth ward, then known as the Greenpoint dis- 
trict of Brooklyn. Henry Fischer, the father of our 
subject and founder of this branch of the family on 
Long Fland. was a Democrat in his political affilia- 
tions in early life. He afterward supported Lincoln 
and Grant for the presidency and was independent 
in his political views. While he was a resident of 
the fifteenth ward, in 1870, he was a candidate for 
the office of supervisor from his district. Socially 
he was Connected with the Masonic fraternity and the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows; in hi- religious 



148 



HISTORY OF LOXG ISLAXD. 



faith he was a Lutheran. Mr. Fischer died Septem- 
ber 5, 1S75, aged forty-six years ; the faithful wife 
and mother of his children passed away March 27, 
1873, at the age of forty-two years. This worthy 
couple had seven children, six of whom attained 
years of maturity, namely: Mary. Henrietta, Julia, 
Henry C, Carrie, Peter W. and Pauline. 

Henry C. Fischei, the subject of this sketch, dur- 
ing In- schoolboy years, pursued his studies in school 
No. 23 of Brooklyn. While yet in his thirteenth year 
he left that institution and for some time continued 
his studies in the nighl schools; and concluded his 
business education in the Long Island Business Col- 
lege, at which institution he was graduated. He also 
took a course in the Cooper Institute in New York 
city, there mastering thescience of drawing and 
draughting. When he was seventeen years of age 
and after the death of his father lie succeeded in the 
management of the business for the estate, the re- 
sponsibility of which was a heavy burden to throw 
upon young shoulders, but it was ably borne and the 
business was successfully and carefully conducted 
for the estate until he was twenty-five years of age, 
when he purchased the enterprise which he has since 
carried on as sole proprietor. In 1876 Mr. Fischer 
leased the property at Nos. 26 and 30 Clay street, 
where be remained for three years, and in 1879 pur- 
chased part of the tract of ground now comprising 
twenty city lots, situated on Greene street, which has 
since been added, from No. 234 to 242 Greene street, 
and from 22}, to 241 Huron street. Here Mr. Fischer 
lias erected large and spacious buildings, fitted 
throughout with modern machinery and all the de- 
viceS and accessories necessary for the successful 
operation of his business. In 1900 Mr. Fischer added 
four city lots on Huron street, where he has since 
erected additional buildings, which was made neces- 
sary by the increasing demand of his trade. His 
business is the manufacture of structural iron work 
as well as foundering in all its various branches 
necessary for the trade. Among the specialties of 
this vast business establishment is the manufacture 
of bakers' fixtures, (lie annual sales from this estab- 
lishment aggregating nearly one-half million dollars, 
and the establishment furnishes employment for one 
hundred ami fifty men. a majority of this number 
being skilled mechanics. This fact gives substantial 
indication of the importance and extent of the enter- 
pi ise 

Mr Fischer was one of the organizers and is a 
dire, toi of ib'' Seventeenth \\ aid Bank. He has 
othei invested interests but lias never been a specu- 
lator, He is also owner of con iderahle real estate. 
In the Seventeenth ward, where be now resides, be 
is regarded as one of the enterprising and represent- 



ative business men, for whatever he undertakes he 
carries forward to successful completion, his efforts 
having been principally directed along the line of the 
old and tried maxims. He has assisted in establish- 
ing many new enterprises in Greenpoint which have- 
contributed to the welfare and upbuilding of that 
part of the city. He was a charter member and one 
of the organizers of the Manufacturers' Association, 
and since his residence in the Seventeenth ward he 
has withheld his support from no movement or meas- 
ure which lie believed would contribute toward the 
public good. He is a stanch Republican in politics 
and believes in protecting American enterprises and 
industries. In 1898 he was a candidate from the 
sixth district of Brooklyn for congress, and although 
the district is largely Democratic he ran ahead of his 
ticket by twenty-two hundred votes, — a fact which 
indicates his personal popularity and the confidence 
and trust reposed in him by his fellow citizens. Fra- 
ternally he is a member of Herder Lodge, No. 698, F. 
& A. M.. of the Young Men's Republican Club, also 
the Hanover Club and the Arion Singing Society. 
In the election of 1900 he was chosen by his party 
for one of the state electors. 

Those acquainted with Mr. Fischer's career have 
no hesitancy in predicting for him a successful fu- 
ture, for he depends upon the reliable qualities 
of perseverance, indefatigable industry and careful 
management in all his undertakings. His maxim is 
that "honesty is the best policy." In his dealings 
with bis fellow men he is prompted by those princi- 
ples and therefore enjoys the confidence and regard 
of all who know him. 

In 1S85 Mr. Fischer wedded Miss Anna C. Hei- 
berger daughter of William and Sophia (Hertzog) 
Heiberger. By this union Mr. Fischer has bad three 
children, one of whom died in early life. The sur- 
viving are William II. and Helen J. Mr. Fischer's 
home life is celebrated for its hospitality and the cir- 
cle of friends of the family is very large. 

HORATIO G. MIRICK, M. D. S. 

From the time of his coming to Brooklyn, in 
1852. until his retirement from practice Dr. Horatio 
G. Mirick, of Brooklyn, was looked upon as one of 
the leading members of the dental fraternity. He 
was born in Worcester. Massachusetts, October 
1;. 1832, and was educated in the fine school system 
of that city. 

When eighteen years of age be entered the office 
of Dr. William Newton, one of the most prominent 
and progressive dentists of Worcester, where he 
for three years was under careful training in the 
study and practice of dentistry, as it bad developed 




b 



%*.& s. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



149 



at that time. He left his preceptor with highest tes- 
timonials as to character and ability for practice of 
his profession. 

He received many offers to commence practice in 
his native city, but preferring a wider field of work, 
came to Brooklyn and associated himself with the 
well known dentist. Dr. James E. Miller, of this 
city, one year. In 1853 he opened a dental office of 
his own. and. until 1892, conducted one of the most 
extensive practices in Brooklyn. Since that time he 
has been leading a quiet life ami enjoying the rest 
which he thinks he is entitled to. 

During the early years of his practice Dr. Mirick 
was on the staff of the Brooklyn Dispensary as as- 
sistant to the surgeon, and attended to the dental 
operations, where he had many opportunities for ob- 
servation of operations for diseases incident to the 
mouth, and at the same time familiarize himself with 
general surgery. 

He was one of the organizers and the first presi- 
dent of the Brooklyn Dental Society. He was the 
first treasurer and afterward twice president of the 
Second District Dental Society, of which he is now 
an honorary member. He was one of the organizers 
of the Dental Society of the State of New York. 
and for ten years was its treasurer, and declined re- 
election on account of going out of active practice. 
He was for many years an active member of the 
Odontological Society of New York. but. as in all 
other societies of which he was formerly a member, 
is now an honorary member. 

Having been for many years in active practice in 
• Brooklyn the Doctor has a very large circle of ac- 
quaintances, and is well known to the leading fam- 
ilies, many of whom were his patients. He was 
formerly a great admirer of fine horses, a number of 
which he always owned and drove during his leisure 
hours. He was a member of and stockholder in the 
Prospect Park Fair Ground Association until that 
organization was dissolved, and has been for fifteen 
years a member of the Hamilton Chili. 

Dr. Mirick was married September IK. i860, to 
Miss Lauretta Horton. of White Plains, New York. 
To this union were born two children, Lauretta 
Horton and Lillie Oakley (twins), the latter of 
whom "died aged three and a half years, and the 
former of whom married Arthur M. Con. of Henry 
street, Brooklyn, and has two children, Stanley and 
Arthur. 

Mrs. Mirick died in 1S63. and the Doctor was 
remarried December 2, 1869. to Mi-s Virginia 
Walker, of Belchertown, Massachusetts. By this 
marriage he lias one child. Stanley, who married Lula 
Bridges, of Brooklyn. The Doctor and his wife 
attend Holy Trinity Episcopal church, of which his 



wife is a member, and in his political views he is 
independent. 

In 1871 Dr. Mirick went to Europe on the first 
steamer of the White Star Company, and for a 
number of years crossed the Atlantic every alternate 
summer. For the past few years he has gone every 
winter. On many of these occasions he has been 
accompanied by Dr. William Jarvie, of Brooklyn, 
and their peregrinations have been extended to 
many parts of Europe, and have included the climb- 
ing of a number of the leading mountains of Switzer- 
land. 



SAMUEL D. ROE. 

Samuel D. Roe, now retired from business, is a 
resident of Whitestone, Long Island, and was born 
in that place March 14. 1833, on the old homestead 
which had descended from father to son for four 
generations. Both his grandfather, John Roe, and 
his father. William Roe. were farmers there. The 
latter, in addition to farming, was also a wheel- 
wright, with a pronounced genius for mechanical in- 
vention and construction. He was active in town 
affairs, served as school trustee, was one of the com- 
mittee who had in charge the construction of St. 
George's Episcopal church at Flushing, of which he 
was a vestryman and warden for many years and a 
warden to the time of his death : he died at White- 
stone. March 7. 1867. Mr. Roe's mother was a 
daughter of Benjamin Kissam, of Jamaica. Long 
Island, and she died in Brooklyn, August 30. 1888. 
A sister. H. Maria Roe. died at Walden, New York. 
July 14. 1892. A brother. Charles A. Roe. now re- 
siding at Lakewood, New Jersey, served for a num- 
ber of years as supervisor of the town of Flushing 
and for six years as treasurer of Queens county. 

Samuel D. Roe was educated in the public schools 
of Whitestone and Flushing and at Union Hall 
Academy, Jamaica. Succeeding to his father's farm 
he followed agriculture up to middle age. when he 
entered the flour, feed and milling business in Flush- 
ing. Breaking down in health ten years later, he 
gave up the business and for a period served as dep- 
uty county treasurer. Later he was engaged in busi- 
ness in New York City until 1895. when he retired 
from active business pursuits. In 1871 and 1872 he 
was supervisor of Flushing; for two years was town 
clerk; was village trustee of Whitestone for twelve 
years and president of the board a part of the time, 
and was president of the board of water commis- 
sioners at the time of consolidation with New York. 
A member of St. George's church at Flushing, he for 
four years served as a vestryman. He is a Democrat 



150 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



and has always been active in political affairs. On 
May 24. 1865, he married Mary Emily, the only 
daughter of the late Edwin Powell, also of White- 
stone. Of his children. Edwin P. is 111 the real-estate 
and insurance business; Charles K is in the dry- 
goods business, being connected with a large whole- 
sale house in New York city: and Clinton T. is a 
lawyer practicing in the same city. A daughter, 
Clara L., is now the wife of Dr. H. S. Hayford, of 
Quincy, Massachusetts. 

GEORGE DRURY, M. D. 

A native of the Empire state, Dr Unity was burn 
in Morrisanna, Westchester county. New York, 
April 14, 1857, and is of English lineage, for his 
father. Alfred Thomas Dritry, was born in England. 
About 1851 he came to the United States and was 
graduated at the Medical College of Castleton, Ver- 
mont, after which he practiced his profession for 
many years in New York city. He died in 1899, at 
the age of sixty-nine years, but his widow still re- 
sides in Brooklyn. In their family were seven chil- 
dren, but five died in early life, the surviving ones 
being Mary E. and George. The mother bore the 
maiden name of Henrietta Hannah King. 

Dr. George Drury is indebted to the public school 
system of Brooklyn for his early educational privi- 
leges. He further continued his studies in Professor 
Deghure's College Institute, in which he was gradu- 
ated ,n 1S75. He then engaged in the real-estate 
and insurance business, which he followed for one 
year. This was not to his liking, so he matriculated 
111 the Long Maud College Hospital and on the com- 
pletion of the thorough and comprehensive course 
was graduated in [878. 

Having done much service as a house physician 
previous to bis graduation, in the fall of 1S78 he be- 
gan practice in Nassau street, Brooklyn. He after- 
ward removed to Johnson street where he remained 
for twelve years, when, in 1S98. he opened his pres- 
ent office at No. 235 Washington avenue. He has a 
large general practice and has written several pam- 
phlets and many professional papers, which have 
been presented before various medical organizations 
and subsequently published. These have given an 

aci ' of his researches along new lines and have 

told of In- importani discoveries and new methods 
which have been attended with successful results. 
His skill is undoubtedly of a very superior order, 
and bis marked ability was s, , pronounced that his 
practice ha: teadily increased until the last ten 
years be has found it necessarj to emploj an assist- 
ant. From 1S71) until [886 -he was the physician to 
the outdoor department oi the Long Island College 



Hospital, and was for four years the second assist- 
ant to the chair of the practice of medicine. The 
Doctor is a member of the Medical Society of the 
County of Kings and of the Brooklyn Pathological 
Society. 

On the 27th of April, 1881, was celebrated the 
marriage of Dr. Drury and Miss Mary A. Packard, a 
daughter of Eugene Packard, of Brooklyn. They 
have four children : Irene, Florence Louise, Mar- 
guerite Henrietta and Alfred Thomas. Dr. Drury is 
a member of Commonwealth Lodge, No. 409, F. & 
A. M., and of Royal Chapter, No. 138, R. A. M. 

A man of unswerving integrity and honor, one 
who has a perfect appreciation of the higher ethics of 
life, and has gained and retained the confidence and 
respect of his fellow men, he is distinctively one of 
the leading citizens and prominent practitioners of 
Brooklyn, with whose interests he has long been 
identified. 

HENRY McCADDIN. 

In the early part of the nineteenth century the 
name of Henry McCaddin figured conspicuously in 
connection with the business interests of Brooklyn, 
and his work proved an important element toward 
laying the foundation for the present prosperity and 
progress of the city. Much depends upon the initial 
movement in business and if this be made along re- 
liable lines the subsequent growth is assured. In 
this way Henry McCaddin contributed to the up- 
building and progress of his community. He was 
born in county Donegal, Ireland, in 1792, and be- 
came the founder of the branch of the McCaddin 
family now living in Brooklyn. He was a son of 
Henry and Anna (Montgomery) McCaddin, and ac- 
quired his early mental training in the schools of his 
native country. While yet in his teens he entered 
"Maynooth College and was graduated at that insti- 
tution, but the professional walks of life were not in 
accord with his ambition and tastes. He accordingly 
learned a trade, mastering carpentering and cabinet- 
making. He was possessed of a laudable ambition 
for improvement, and believing that better oppor- 
tunities were afforded in the new world, in his twen- 
ty-third year he sought a home in America, landing 
first in New York city, where he remained for two 
years On the expiration of that period be went to 
Montreal where he pursued his trade as a journey- 
man, having in the meantime assisted in the erection 
of St. Patrick's Roman Catholic Cathedral For a 
number of years be remained in the British prov- 
ince, returning to New York city with his family in 
1819. There be engaged in the carpenter and cabinet- 
making business on bis own account at No. 520 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Pearl street. Within a short time he was in com- 
mand of a large and lucrative patronage. lie car- 
ried a complete line of goods, such as was in demand 
by the city trade and his honorable business methods 
proved very satisfactory in gaining the support of the 
public. He continued alone for a number of years 
and when his son Henry had attained early man- 
hood he was admitted to a partnership in the busi- 
ness, which was afterward conducted under the firm 
style of Henry McCaddin & Son. For many years 
that name was synonymous .with straightforward 
business methods, the firm enjoying an unassailable 
reputation in commercial circles. In 1840 Henry Mc- 
Caddin. Jr.. succeeded to the ownership of the busi- 
ness and the father removed the enterprise to the 
Williamsburg district of Brooklyn, locating at No. 
14 Grand street, where he engaged in cabinet-making 
and undertaking. Sometime later he discontinued 
cabinet-making, giving his attention entirely to the 
undertaking business until 1864, when be retired 
from commercial life and enjoyed a well earned com- 
petence and rest. He died in Brooklyn. March 24, 
1876. 

When Mr. McCaddin came to Williamsburg from 
New York city, he organized a military company 
known as the Oregon Guards, an organization sim- 
ilar to the Jackson Blues of New York city, of 
which he had previously been a member. He took a 
great interest in military affairs and for many years 
was captain of his company. As a citizen he was 
public-spirited and progressive, giving earnest co- 
operation to all movements calculated to prove of 
public benefit and at the same time instituted many 
interests that were for the general good. He served 
as a trustee of the village of Williamsburg for a 
number of years and for three terms held the office 
of alderman. In his political affiliations he was a 
Democrat, unswerving in his advocacy of the princi- 
ples of the' party. Of St. Mary's Roman Catholic 
church he was a communicant and his benevolent 
spirit prompted him to many acts of charity, to the 
great benefit of those who were recipients of his 
bounty. 

HENRY McCADDIN. Jr. 

To the substantial improvement and develop- 
ment of Brooklyn probably no one man has contrib- 
uted in a greater or more beneficial degree than did 
Henry McCaddin, Jr. He was very prominent and 
influential in business circles and controlled exten- 
sive interests whereby he acquired a handsome for- 
tune, yet his wealth was so worthily and honorably 
won that the most envious could nol begrudge him 
his success. 



Born in New York city, on the oth of April, 
1810, he died in Brooklyn. October 4. 1S89. He was 
educated under private tutelage in the Casserly 
Brothers' select school in New York city, where, 
among his early classmates, were George James, T. 
Brady and John McGrath, all of whom became dis- 
tinguished attorneys of New York city. At the age 
of nineteen he entered the office of his father, wdio 
was then extensively engaged in the undertaking and 
cabinet-making business, and his quick business per- 
ception, his close application and his ready adapt- 
ability enabled him to master the principles of busi- 
ness life. He informed himself thoroughly upon the 
details of his father's business and thus became fitted 
for the successful management of the concern. He 
continued to serve in a clerical capacity for two 
years, and at the age of twenty-one he was admitted 
to a partnership in the enterprise which was then lo- 
cated at No. 520 Pearl street. He was soon so thor- 
oughly master of the business in its every depart- 
ment that he was placed in entire charge, and in 
1840 succeeded to the ownership, his father retiring 
witli his family to the village of Williamsburg, now 
a part of Brooklyn. 

Henry McCaddin, Jr.. continued operations on 
Pearl street until 1856, when he sold his store to 
John McCarty, an old employe and journeyman of 
his father. Mr. McCaddin then became an active 
figure in real estate circles, and in 1857 secured a 
membership in the New York Real Estate Ex- 
change, with which he was actively identified as one 
of its leading representatives for many years. In 
i860 he became a permanent resident of Brooklyn, 
locating in the Williamsburg district, and there his 
operations in real estate were extensive. He bought 
and sold property on a large scale and gave much 
time to the development and improvement of the 
Williamsburg district. Principally he handled houses 
for the industrial classes, and the easy terms on 
which he allowed purchases to be made enabled 
many a man to secure a home for himself and fam- 
ily where otherwise it would have been impossible 
for him to do so. On account of Mr. McCaddin's 
broad experience and wide acquaintance his advice 
and counsel were constantly sought, and his genuine 
interest in and friendship for those less fortunate 
financially was often manifest by his practical aid 
and kindly advice. 

Mr. McCaddin's death occurred October 4, 1889, 
and a most honorable and useful life was thus ended. 
But few citizens of Brooklyn, and none in the eastern 
district had been honored by a mure elaborate me- 
morial than was erected to his memory by lit- sister, 
Mrs. WaMi. the wife of Jeremiah Walsh, an old and 
successful dry goods merchant of the Seventeenth 



152 



HISTORY OF LOXG ISLAND. 



ward of Brooklyn. The corner-stone of this hand- 
some memorial was laid on Berry street. Brooklyn. 
in 1897, and the structure was completed at a cost of 
two hundred thousand dollars, and dedicated Novem- 
ber 20, 1898. This magnificent memorial building 
was placed in the hands of the pastor and parishion- 
ers of St. Peter and St. Paul's church to be used for 
the moral, intellectual and physical betterment of the 
people. The souvenir of this memorial occasion con- 
tains this paragraph : 

"Henry McCaddin, Jr., in whose memory the 
building has been erected, was a much respected cit- 
izen of Brooklyn. An active man of great business 
ability, his investments in real estate were so success- 
ful that at the time of bis death he owned many val- 
uable properties in the eastern district. He and his 
sister, Mrs. Walsh, were the children of Henry Mc- 
Caddin, Sr., who was one of the parishioners of Sts. 
Peter and Paul's when it was dedicated in 1848, and 
for several years before that event. He came from 
St. Peter's parish. Xew York city, in 1841. and at- 
tended the old St. Mary's church in First street. He 
soon became prominent in the business and political 
life of the village of Williamsburg, of which he was 
twice elected a trustee, serving the years of 1848 and 
1849." 

In his political affiliations Henry McCaddin was a 
Democrat and believed firmly in the principles of his 
party. He was a consistent Catholic and a com- 
municant of St. Peter's and St. Paul's church. His 
life was an honorable one and in many respects 
worthy of emulation. In his business life he was 
very methodical. He was conscientious and punctual 
in keeping appointments and never incurred an obli- 
gation that he did not meet. He was abstemious in 
his habits, was charitable and benevolent to the poor, 
and the needy found in him a friend. As the day 
with its morning of hope, its noontime of activity 
and it- evening of rest, ending in the grateful quiet 
of the night, so was the life of this man. 

JOHN C. CARDWELL, M. D. 

Dr. John Crean Cardwell, one of the leading 
physiologists of Brooklyn, was born in Germantown, 
Pennsylvania, July 23, 1866, and is a son of George 
C. and Margaretta (Richards) Cardwell, and a 
grandson of William C. and Olivia (Wright) Card- 
well. The grandmother was born in the West In- 
dies, of English descent. The grandfather, who was 
an own cousin of Viscounl Cardwell. Lord Secretary 
to Ireland in Gladstone's first cabinet, came from 
England to Philadelphia, where be did an extensive 
importing Ihmiksv 

T)r. Cardwell acquired bis literary education in 



the public schools of Brooklyn, and received the de- 
gree of doctor of medicine from the University of 
New York in 1888, since which time he has followed 
the practice of his profession in Brooklyn with a 
marked degree of success. In 1888 and 1889 he was 
assistant to the chair of physiology in his alma ma- 
ter ; from 1889 to 1891 was a fellow in physiology in 
Clark University ; from 1891 to 1893 was instructor 
in the same at the Harvard Medical School ; and 
from 1894 to '898 was lecturer on physiology in the 
Brooklyn College of Pharmacy. He has also been 
assistant to the chair of nervous diseases in the Long 
Island College Hospital ; chief of the department for 
nervous diseases of the Polhemus Clinic since 1898; 
was demonstrator of physiology in 1899 ; and be- 
came instructor in physiology in 1900. He has been 
assistant director in the department of physiology in 
the Hoagland Laboratory since 1899. All through 
his college life, hospital work and practice, the Doc- 
tor has made a special study of physiology, and is 
looked upon as one of the foremost physiologists of 
Brooklyn. He is a prominent member of the Medi- 
cal Society of the County of Kings; the Brooklyn 
Pathological Society; the Brooklyn Medical Society; 
the Brooklyn Society for Neurology; and the Asso- 
ciated Physicians of Long Island. 

On the 10th of June, 1897, Dr. Cardwell was mar- 
ried to Miss Grace A. Parker, a daughter of ex- 
Senator H. L. Parker, of Worcester, Massachusetts, 
who is a graduate of Dartmouth College, and is one 
of the leading horticulturists of his state. 

GILLIAM SCHENCK. 

The subject of this review is one whose history 
touches the pioneer epoch in the annals of Long 
Island and whose days were an integral part of that 
indissoluble- chain, which linked the early, formative 
period with that of latter-day progress and pros- 
perity. No man was ever more respected among 
us than he. and long after al! recollections of his 
personality shall have faded from the minds of men 
the less perishable record of his blameless and hon- 
orable life may tell the story of his career and com- 
mend his example for imitation. 

Mr. Schenck was born in the old family home- 
stead at New Lots January 16. 1813, a son of 
Tunis and Gertrude (Cornell) Schenck. one of the 
early pioneers of Long Island. Our subject re- 
ceived his education in the schools of Flatbush, and 
after entering upon his business career he was em- 
ployed as a clerk for John Meserole. In [852 he 
was elected town clerk of New Lots, which posi- 
tion he held for seven years, after which, in 1S59. 
he was elected to the office of supervisor, serving 
in that capacity for sixteen years. Resigning that 




ll. &AsU 



/U @yUJL4u_-(l/fri 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



1 53 



position in 1875. lie then accepted the appointment 
of county treasurer of Kings county, to fill out an 
unexpired term of two years, and was later elected 
for a full term. Mr. Schenck was also president of 
the East New York Savings Bank for many years, 
and for five years was a director of the Twenty-sixth 
Ward Bank. In 1884 he retired from public life, 
his upright, reliable and honorable methods and li 1 -. 
strict adherence to duty having gained for him a 
handsome competence and won for him the love and 
respect of all with whom he had business or social 
intercourse. 

On the 14th of October, 1840. Mr. Schenck was 
united in marriage with Miss Anna M.. the third 
daughter of Hendrick and Sarah ( Emmens ) Eldert, 
of New Lots. Two daughters have graced this mar- 
riage, — Gertrude Cornell, now Mrs. A. H. W. Van 
Siclen ; and Sarah Emmens, now Mrs. Simon Ra- 
palje. For many years our subject was an officer 
of the Dutch Reformed church. For a long period 
he was a most conspicuous figure in this obi town 
of New Lots and was also a prominent factor in 
the official and political life of Kings county, but 
his long and useful career was terminated in death 
on the 6th of May, 1894. Thus passed to his reward 
a man of noble character, one who bad acted well 
his part in life, "wherein all honor lies." and who 
had gained and retained the confidence, respect and 
esteem of his fellow men. His character was be- 
yond reproach, while in his manner be was ever 
modest and unassuming, showing that gentle and 
refined courtesy which was typical of the "obi 
school" and which has unfortunately fallen into a 
measure of decadence in these latter days. His ac- 
quaintance was an extended one and his friendships 
many, and those of the early settlers of Long Island 
who are yet living remember him with a feeling ot 
admiration and almost reverence. Well may suc- 
ceeding generations pay a tribute of honor to a 
noble name and the memory of noble deeds 



well 



SAMUEL P. HOPKINS. D. D. S. 



The professional interests of Brookli 
represented by Samuel P. Hopkins, whose business 
success is assured by his thorough understanding of 
the principles of dentistry and his skill in applying 
them. He was born in Belchertown, Massachusetts. 
December T. 1861. and is a son of Samuel Edward 
and Maria P. (Stockwell) Hopkins, both of whom 
were natives of Massachusetts. The ancestry of the 
family may be traced back through many generations 
to the Rev. Samuel Hopkins, who was born in the 
year 1693 and died October 5. 1755. He had a son. 
Rev Samuel Hopkins. Jr., whose birth occurred ..11 
the . t of October, 1729, ami who passed away on 



the 8th of March. 181 1. Among bis children was 
Stephen Hopkins, who was bom June 1. 1764. and 
died January 13. 1827. He was the great-grand- 
father of the Doctor and the grandfather was Sam- 
uel I'. Hopkins, who was born February 7. 1793. and 
died December 15. 1854. He wedded Mary Church 
Bridgman, who was born January 22. 1801, and died 
September 10. 1866. Among their children was Sam- 
uel Edward Hopkins, the father of our subject. He 
was born in Massachusetts. June 15. 1833. and was 
for many years a merchant in Belchertown. where be 
still resides, now living a retired life. He married 
Miss Maria P. Stockwell, a daughter of Freeland 
and Minerva P. (BalD Stockwell. Her birth oc- 
curred June 5. 1836, and on the 4th of January, 1896. 
she was called to her final rest. Unto Edward S. 
and Maria P. Hopkins were born three children: 
Harry Austin, who succeeds bis father in business; 
Samuel Porter; and Elizabeth, who die.l at the age 
of ten years. 

Hi- Hopkins is indebted to the public school sys- 
tem of bis native town for the educational privileges 
which be enjoyed in his youth. He pursued a high 
school course, and then, determining to enter pro- 
fessional life, he prepared for his chosen calling in 
the New York College of Dentistry, in which insti- 
tution be was graduated in the year 1887. While 
pursuing bis studies be devoted his leisure hours and 
the periods of vacation to acting as assistant in the 
office of Dr. James IT. Race, of Brooklyn, with whom 
he continued until after bis graduation, thus putting 
his theoretical knowledge to the practical test. In 
the fall of 1803 he located at No. 201 Clinton street. 
Brooklyn, and opened an office, where In- continued 
for four years. He then removed to his present lo- 
cation. No. 156 Clinton street. He has succeeded in a 
manner that is an unmistakable evidence of his abil- 
ity. In all departments of dental practice he is well 
versed and competent and his work has given excel- 
lent satisfaction. He holds membership in the Sec- 
ond District Dental Society, and through reading 
keeps in touch with the most advanced methods and 
thoughts of the day that bear upon bis chosen call- 
ing. 

Dr. Hopkins was married, April 16, 1896, to Miss 
Edith 1'eard. a daughter of H. W. Beard, of the 
Beard Dredging Company, of Brooklyn, and they 
now have two interesting children, — Hazel and Be- 
atrice. The Doctor is a valued representative of the 
Crescent Athletic Club and the Nassau County Golf 
Club. He also belongs to the United States Military 
Service Institution. He has a creditable military rec- 
ord, having enlisted on the 15th of March, 1893, as a 
member of Company B. Thirteenth Regiment, of the 
New York National Guard. He entered the service 



154 



HISTORY OF LOXG ISLAXD. 



as a private, was promoted to corporal of Company 
E on the 23d of January. 1S04. color bearer with the 
rank of sergeant. October 16, 1894, and as such served 
on the non-commissioned staff. From December, 
1895. until his discharge, May 24, 1S98. he was bat- 
talion quartermaster of the regiment, with the rank 
of first lieutenant. Mis military record is one of 
which he may well be proud, as he was among the 
one hundred per cent men all through his term of 
service and also stood high as a rifle shot. He is pop- 
ular in military, social and professional circles, and 
enjoys the high regard of all with whom he has 



CHARLES SEIBERT. 

1 iii' of ill. most prominent among the really rep- 
resentative men of affairs in Brooklyn, and one whose 
activities have been extended through the unusual 
period of very nearly a half century, is Charles Sei- 
bert. German by birth and parentage, he inherited 
those qualities of industry and perseverance which 
are characteristic of that race, yet was favored by be- 
ing brought to this country at so early an age that his 
rearing was altogether after the American fashion. 
He was born in the town of Lauterbach. in the 
Grand Duchy of Hesse, a son of John and Magda- 
lena ( Duchardt) Seibert, natives of the same place. 
The father was there schooled, and at the age of 
fourteen years he was apprenticed to a locksmith and 
machinist. Having completed his apprenticeship, he 
traveled for some time through the central states of 
Europe, working at his trade as a journeyman in the 
principal cities. While so engaged at Jena, the bom- 
bardment of the city by Napoleon's army took place, 
and under the reign of martial law he was held by the 
authorities. Returning to his native town, he en- 
gaged in business upon his own account, in which he 
continued during the remainder of his residence in 
the Fatherland. It is to be noted that the family 
homestead, and the shop in which he busied himself, 
are yel -landing intact. Meantime he had married, 
and six sons and one daughter had been born to him. 
Realizing the greater opportunity which America 
offered for his own labor and skill, and for the rear- 
ing and establishment in life of his children, he emi- 
grated to America with bis family, arriving in New 
York city in 1837. Circumstances led him to locate 
at Newburg on the Hudson, where he followed his 
tradi E01 some years. In 1N4; be removed with his 
family to Brooklyn, where be passed the remainder 
of his life. His death occurred in 1855. and that of 
hi-, widow about i.n years later. They wen worthy 
Christian people, and were held in high esteem by 
all who knew them. 



Their son. Charles Seibert. was educated in the 
public schools of Newburgh. He then entered a lith- 
ographing establishment of George Snyder, subse- 
quently Snyder & Black. He then pursued various 
occupations in New York and at Brooklyn and Port 
Chester, New York, and in 1861 entered into partner- 
ship with his brother Henry, the firm name being 
Henry Seibert & Brother. The association between 
the two was always intimate, and in the course of 
time Charles Seibert became interested in the same 
class of enterprises in which his brother was en- 
gaged. He developed a great aptitude for financing 
and conducting railway and manufacturing interests, 
and these have engaged his attention for many years 
past. In all these relations he has constantly been 
regarded as a master mind, and his conservative 
judgment and accurate estimate of conditions and 
possibilities in these lines were ever regarded with 
confidence by his associates. He has been particu- 
larly interested in large railway enterprises, and he 
is a stockholder in and has held close advisory rela- 
tions with the Chicago & Eastern Illinois Railway, 
and is interested in the United States Steel Com- 
pany. 

The family attended the Episcopal church on 
State street, and he contributes to church and charity 
movements. He was married in Brooklyn, in 1858, 
to Miss Elizabeth E. Adrianc, a daughter of George 
YV. and Mary A. Adriance. Mrs. Seibert died in 
18S6, leaving six children. She was a woman in 
whom were united all the domestic graces which 
adorn the character of the Christian and mother, and 
she left tiieir indelible impress upon the character of 
those in whose service her life was spent. 

JOHN A. SCHMIDT. M. D„ D. D. S. 

Dr. John A. Schmidt, the subject of this review, 
has won the degrees of Doctor of Medicine and Doc- 
tor of Dental Surgery, but engages only in the prac- 
tice of dentistry, wherein his skill and ability has 
gained him prominence ranking him among the lead- 
ing representatives of bis chosen calling. He was 
born in Ilion. New York, on the 9th of June. 1864, 
and is of German lineage. His parents. John Valen- 
tine and Katharine (Siebert) Schmidt, were both 
natives of Germany, the former born in Saxony and 
the latter in Oldenburg. In the year 1854 the father 
crossed the Atlantic to America and some time later 
was married in Ohio to Miss Siebert. who had come 
to the United States in 1857, and they are now resi- 
dents of llion. They had ten children. 

Dr. J. A. Schmidt pursued his education in the 
public and high schools of his native town and in the 
Lehigh University. With a broad general knowledge 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



to serve as a foundation upon which to rear the su- 
perstructure of professional learning, he took up the 
study of dentistry in the University of Pennsylvania 
and won the degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery in 
1885. He then began practice in his native town, 
where he remained for five years, when he came to 
Brooklyn, where he has since conducted an exten- 
sive practice that is constantly growing in volume 
and importance, and he is in touch with the most 
advanced methods of performing dental work. For 
some time he has been obliged to employ an assistant, 
Dr. John M. Crego, who is a graduate of the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, now serving in that capacity. 
He supplemented his professional preparation by a 
course of medicine in the Long Island College Hos- 
pital, in which he was graduated with the class of 
1892, with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. For 
five years he was an active member of the Fifth Dis- 
trict Dental Society, of which he is now an honorary 
member. He also belongs to the Brooklyn Dental 
Society, the Second District Dental Society, in 
which he was for two terms vice-president, and in 
1898 was elected its president, but was unable to 
serve. During two years he was a delegate to the 
State Dental Society, of which he has been a per- 
manent member since 1891. He is also a member of 
the New York Institute of Stomatology and an act- 
ive member of the New York Odontological Society, 
and a member of the National Dental Association. 
His name is on the membership roll of the Medical 
Society of the County of Kings, and through these 
various associations he keeps in active touch with the 
advancement that is being made along the line of his 
chosen profession. 

In 1893 Dr. Schmidt erected his beautiful resi- 
dence at No. 1 195 Dean street, and has occupied it 
continuously since 1894. He was married January 
30, 1889. to Miss E. Marie Steers, a daughter of 
Henry Eibe Steers, of Brooklyn, and they now have 
two children, John Eibe and Helen. The Doctor 
and his wife are members of the Episcopal church, 
while his membership relations extend to the Greek- 
letter college fraternity. Alpha Tan Omega Society, 
the Acanthus Lodge, No. 79'. F. & A. M., Constel- 
lation Chapter. R. A. M., Clinlon Commandery, Kis- 
met Temple of the Mystic Shrine, and Brooklyn 
Consistory, in which he has attained the thirty-second 
degree of the Scottish Rite. Of De Witt Clinton 
Council, Royal Arcanum, he is a member, and for 
ten years his name has been on the membership 
roli of the Union League Club of Brooklyn. While 
he has attained prominence in his profession, he has 
gained popularity in social circle- and ha- won the 
warm friendship of all with whom be ha- been 
brought in contact in his home life. 



C. W. HUBBELL. 

In this age of colossal enterprise and marked 
intellectual energy, the prominent and successful 
men are those wdiose abilities, persistence and cour- 
age lead them into large undertakings and assume 
the responsibilities and labors of leaders in their 
respective vocations. Success is methodical and con- 
secutive, and however much we may indulge in fan- 
tastic theorizing as to its elements and causation in 
any isolated instance, yet in the light of sober inves- 
tigation we will find it to be but a result of the 
determined application of one's abilities and powers 
along the rightly defined line of labor. America 
owes much of her progress and advancement to a 
position foremost among the nations of the world 
to her banking institutions, which are the heart of 
the commercial body, indicating the healthfulness of 
trade, and the bank that follows a safe, conservative 
business policy does more to establish public confi- 
dence in times of widespread financial depression 
than anything else. Such a course has the National 
Park Bank of New York followed, of which our 
subject is the general bookkeeper and accountant. 

A native of the Green Mountain state, Mr. Hubbell 
was born November 16, 1835. a. son of Calvin and 
Caroline E. (Wheeler) Hubbell. His father was a 
native of Massachusetts. In 1835 ho cam.- to New 
York, where he was engaged in the book business. 
He was united in marriage with Caroline Wheeler, 
and on both sides their ancestors were valiant sol- 
diers in the struggle for independence, serving in 
Massachusetts regiments. The parents of our sub- 
ject are deceased, the father passing away in 1861. 
They were the parents of seven children. 

C. W. Hubbell, wdiose name introduces this re- 
view, acquired his education in the public schools 
of the Empire state. At the age of nineteen years 
he began the active battle of life on his own account, 
entering a dry goods store in the capacity of a clerk. 
Thirty-six years ago he became connected with the 
National Park Bank of New York, one of the leading 
financial institutions of the city. Almost his entire 
business career, it may be said, has been passed in its 
service, and he has risen step by step to the position 
of head bookkeeper, his long continuation with this 
company indicating his trustworthiness and fidelity 
to the interests of the institution which he so ably 
represents. Engrossed a- he is with business affairs 
connected with the bank, Mr. Hubbell has long 
sought and obtained relaxation in connection with 
the Masonic institution, having manifested a deep 
interest in it from the time that he first took upon 
himself one of its obligations. That was in 1862, in 
Keystone Lodge. No, 235, New York city. While 



156 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



making his home in Brooklyn he affiliated with 
Hyatt Lodge, No. 205, and served that body as mas- 
ter for five years. For two years he was district 
deputy grand master for the second district, and in 
that capacity won a grand record for the diligent 
manner in which he attended to the multifarious 
and sometimes delicate duties of the position, and 
for the enthusiasm which he aroused in the Masonic 
doings of his district throughout both his terms. He 
fully maintained the harmony which should ever 
exist between the lodges, and his visits were always 
hailed with pleasure. He was made a Royal Arch 
Mason in De Witt Clinton Chapter, No. 142, passed 
the ninth veil in Brooklyn Council, No. 4, R. & S. M., 
and received Masonic knighthood in De Witt Clinton 
Commandery. No. 27. He afterward transferred his 
knightly allegiance to Clinton Commandery, No. 14, 
of which he served as commander for two years. 
Mr. Hubbell is also a trustee of the Ross Street 
Presbyterian church, and a prominent member of 
the Hanover Club. He is president of the Brooklyn 
Masonic Temple Association, organized and incor- 
porated under the laws of the state of New York, 
to build and maintain a fitting meeting place for the 
Masons of Brooklyn, which shall be a credit to them 
and an ornament to the city, and one of its most 
notable public buildings. Mr. Hubbell is public 
spirited in an eminent degree, at all times giving his 
support to whatever is calculated to promote the gen- 
eral welfare, and in all the relations of life, whether 
as a banker or private citizen, he has always been 
found faithful and true, and in his life work no 
shallow or suspicion of evil doing has darkened his 
honored pathway. 



J05 



Ml Hl-'.XkV BOSTON. 



The fame that Joseph Henry Boston has won as 
an artist is not confined by the limits of the city in 
which he makes bis home, nor even by the boun- 
daries of the state, lor fie is widely known in artistic 
circles throughout the country and his work has won 
him renown. He now resides at No. 203 Montague 
street, Brooklyn, but Connecticut is the state of his 
nativity, his birth having occurred in Bridgeport. 
His father, William Boston, was born in England, 
and came to the United States in 1850, residing for 
a time in Connecticut and coming thence to Brook- 
lyn 111 [865. lb- was extensively engaged in the 
manufacture of lace and conducted a prosperous 
business. Well Known m Masonic circles, be at- 
tained the Knight Templar degree and in Ins life 
In- exemplified the beneficenl spirit of the fraternity, 
having just regard for his fellow men and the obli- 
gation be owed to them His was a religious nature 



and his Christian spirit was manifest in his daily 
conduct. His death occurred in 1896. He married 
Ann Jane McBridge, and they became the parents 
of six children, four of whom are yet living. 

Mr. Boston, of this review, pursued his literary 
education in the schools of Brooklyn, and studied 
art under the direction of his brother Fred, wdio is 
also a well-known artist. Later his studies were 
pursued with Thomas Eakin, of Philadelphia, as his 
preceptor, and under his able guidance Mr. Boston 
made rapid and substantial progress. For seven 
years be has occupied the position of instructor of 
the day art class in the Brooklyn Institute of Arts 
and Sciences, and was night instructor in the Brook- 
lyn Art Association. He is one of the leading por- 
trait painters of the east, and his skill in this direc- 
tion has been employed by such men as ex-Mayor 
Worster, President Stone of the Brooklyn Club, 
William Cullen Bryant and many other notable per- 
sonages. He is a member of the Hanover Club. 
the Society of American Artists, the Brooklyn Art 
Club and the Salamagundi Club. His native artistic 
talent, supplemented by the ability acquired through 
years of study and practice, has gained him a promi- 
nent position in artistic circles, and to-day he is re- 
garded as one of the most distinguished representa- 
tives of the brush in Brooklyn. 

THEODORE B. WILLIS. 

In past ages the history of a country was the 
record of wars and conquests: to-day it is the record 
of commercial activity, and those whose names are 
foremost in its annals are the leaders in business 
circles. The conquests now made are those of 
mind over matter, and the victor is he who can 
successfully establish, control and operate extensive 
commercial interests. 

Theodore B. Willis is one of the strong and in- 
fluential men whose lives have become an integral 
part of the industrial history of the great Empire 
state. Tireless energy, keen perception, honesty of 
purpose, genius for devising and executing the right 
thing at the right time, have, as conjoined with 
sterling common sense and great will power, been 
the chief characteristics of the man. Understanding 
these points it can not be doubted that his resource- 
fulness and power would find natural application in 
maintaining a potent influence in connection with 
the affairs of that political party with which he chose 
to identify himself, and thus it is that he has been 
a factor in the councils of the Republican party, 
to which he renders a firm and uncompromising al- 
legiance. He stands forth as one of the representa- 
tive business men of New York city, being identified 
with one of her most conspicuous and important in- 




1 1 




X < 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



dustrial enterprises and having shown his marked 
capacity tor the conduct of affairs of magnificent 
scope. His career has been one of clearly denned 
and consecutive endeavor, and to him success has 
come not as an accident, but as a logical result, He 
has been essentially the architect of his own fortunes, 
and his early associations were such as intensify an 
inherent self-reliance, tenacity of purpose and ap- 
preciation of the dignity of honest endeavor. 

Theodore B. Willis is the senior member of the 
well known hardware firm of T. B. Willis & Brother. 
doing business at Nos. 94 and 96 Court street. Brook- 
lyn, at the corner of Schermerhorn street. He was 
born in the city which is still his home. June 6, 
1856. and is a son of Joseph Denton and Sarah 
(Brinkerhoffl Willis. The family is of English 
lineage and was founded in America by the great- 
grandfather of our subject, who was a native of 
England and became one of the early settlers of 
Long Island. The grandfather was a native of Easl 
Williston. Long Island, and had fourteen children, in- 
cluding Joseph Denton Willis, who was also born in 
East Williston. He established the hardware busi- 
ness, of which his sons are now proprietors, and 
which is one of the oldest and largest in this line 
in the city. The building now occupied by the firm 
was erected over forty years ago. Mr. Willis was 
a successful and enterprising business man and was 
well known in commercial circles. He married 
Sarah Brinkerhoff, a daughter of Isaac Brinkerhoff, 
who was one of the first to locate on Fulton street, 
near Bedford avenue, in Brooklyn. For many years 
he served as a member of the board of education 
in the city and took great interest in the schools. 
He was one of the organizers of the present school 
system and was untiring in his efforts to provide 
excellent educational advantages for the youth of 
the city. He was also a very active member of the 
Dutch Reformed church. He was born in Flushing, 
Long Lland, but his parents were from Holland, 
and in his life he exemplified many of the sterling 
characteristics of his Dutch ancestry. 

By the marriage of Joseph Denton Willis and 
Sarah Brinkerhoff were born two children. Theodore 
Brinkerhoff and Henry A., both of whom are in the 
hardware business. The former began In- educa- 
tion in the public schools of Brooklyn and after- 
ward attended Brown's Business College and the 
Polytechnic Institute, of Brooklyn. In 1876 he be- 
came his father's successor in the hardware business 
and two years later admitted his brother to s pari 
nership. They do a general hardware business, car- 
rying a complete line of goods, and the} 
a large trade in builders' supplies, oil,, pa 
their patronage extending all over Long Island. The 



business has now assumed extensive proportions and 
yields to the owner, a handsome income. 

On the 23d of June. 1880. Mr. Willis was united 
in marriage to Miss Ida M. Hardenbrook, a daugh- 
ter of William Hardenbrook. of Jamaica. Long Isl- 
and Their circle of friends is extensive and includes 
many of the best families of their section of the 
city. Mr. Willis is very prominent in clubs and 
social circles and holds membership in the Brooklyn 
Republican, the Union League, the Invincible, the 
Montauk anil the Hamilton Clubs. He also belongs 
to the Brooklyn Saengerbund and is an attendant 
at the services of the First Reformed church of 
Brooklyn. He is indeed a public-spirited and pro- 
gressive citizen, interested in all that pertains to 
the general welfare and progress. From [88] until 
1889 he was a member of the board of supervisors 
of Kings county and served as its president in 1885. 
In [890 he was appointed by President Harrison as 
naval officer of the port of New York, and served 
in a most creditable manner for four years. In 
1890-7 he was commissioner of public works for 
the city of Brooklyn, and in all these offices he has 
discharged his duties with marked promptness and 
fidelity. He is a statesman with an eye to practical 
results, and not glittering generalities. It will be 
observed that Mr. Willis' turn of mind is eminently 
judicial and free from the bias of animosity. Strong 
and positive in his Republicanism, bis party fealty is 
not grounded on partisan prejudice, and he enjoys 
the respect and confidence of all his associates, ir- 
respective of party. Of the great issues which di- 
vide the two parties, with their roots extending 
down to the very bed-rock of the foundation of the 
Republican party, he has the true statesman's grasp. 
Well grounded in the political maxims of the schools, 
familiar with the philosophy which found its highest 
expounder in John Stuart Mill, he also studied the 
less, ,ns of actual life, arriving at his conclusions as a 
result of what may be called his "post-graduate 
studies of the school of affairs." Such men. whether 
in office or out, are the natural leaders of whichever 
parly they may be identified with, especially in that 
movement toward higher polities, which is common 
to both parties, and which constitute the most hope- 
ful political sign of the period. Mr. Willis has 
taken an active part in politics. For ten years, up 
to iN.iS | le was a member of the general Republican 
committee of Kings county, and for a part of that 
time was one the executive committee. He has rep 
resented the county of Kings as a delegate in many 
-lair conventions of late years. In 1888 he was a 
delegate to the Republican convention at Chicago, 
in [892 at Minneapolis, and in 1896 at St. Louis. 

No trust reposed in him has ever been betrayed 



158 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAXD. 



and he is regarded as a most reliable business man 
and worthy citizen, whose word is as good as any 
bond that was ever solemnized by signature or seal, 
and whose private life commands the respect of all 
with whom he has been associated. 



FRAXK L. VAX NOTE, M. D. 

Among the dental practitioners of Flatbush is Dr. 
Frank Lewin Van Note, who through the past five 
years has been an active member of his profession 
in this place. He was born in Brooklyn, on the 
17th of July. 1S70. his parents being Joseph James 
and Emma Elizabeth (Combs) Van Note. On the 
paternal side he is descended from Holland ancestry, 
the first representatives of the name having crossed 
the Atlantic early in the seventeenth century, their 
destination being Monmouth, now Freehold, New 
Jersey. When the colonies became involved in war 
with England members of the family joined the 
American army, participated in the battle of Mon- 
mouth and in many of the other engagements of 
importance which resulted in winning independence 
for the nation. The following generations have 
been well represented in military life by those who 
fought in the Civil war. On the maternal side the 
family is of English lineage and was founded in 
America in the early part of the eighteenth century. 
In the family of Joseph James and Emma Elizabeth 
Van Note were two sons and one daughter, namely : 
Frank L., William Howard and Florence Etta. 

Mr. Van Note, of this review, spent the days of 
his youth in his parents' home, and after acquiring 
his literary education entered upon a preparation for 
a professional career. When twelve years of age he 
entered the office of Dr. F. T. Van Woert, of Brook- 
lyn. He was later a student in the office of Dr. 
James Stcbbins. of Astoria, and of Dr. King, of New 
York. He was graduated in the Long Island Col- 
lege Hospital with the degree of Doctor of Medicine 
in 1895, and soon afterward secured a license from 
the state board of dental censors. He began the 
practice of his profession in Astoria, Long Island, 
but soon removed to Vshland Place. Brooklyn, and 
has been located on Flatbush avenue since February, 
1896. He was dental surgeon to the Kings county 
penitentiary from [896 until 1898. He has a broad 
and comprehensivi knowledge of his profession in 
its various branches, and particularly skillful in ap- 
plying its principles to the needs of his patients. 
Although one of the younger members of the medi- 
cal fraternity, he has already won an enviable posi- 
tion ni 11- ranks and is destined to still further suc- 
cesses, owing to his skill, ability and close applica- 



tion. He is a member of the Second District Den- 
tal Society. 

On the 23d of October, 1896, was celebrated the 
marriage of Dr. Van Note and Miss Frances J. 
Wilson, a daughter of George and Bella Wilson. In 
his political views he is a Republican, and socially 
is connected with Midwood Council, No. 15 16, of- 
the Royal Arcanum : and Kings County Lodge, F. & 
A. M., and the Aurora Grata Chapter of the Eastern 
Star. He also belongs to the Knickerbocker Field 
Club, and to the First Methodist Episcopal church 
of Flatbush. and to the Epworth League. His up- 
right and honorable career has gained him the con- 
fidence and warm regard of his fellow citizens, his 
genial manner and unfailing courtesy have won him 
many friends, and his activity in the line of his pro- 
fession has brought to him prestige as a representa- 
tive of his chosen calling. 

GARRETT W. CROPSEY. 

Among the old. interesting families of New 
Utrecht, Long Island, the family of Cropsey deserves 
special mention in any work devoted to the family 
history and genealogy of that portion of the state of 
New York. The original American ancestor of the 
family was Harmon Cropsey. and the great-great- 
grandfather of Garrett W. Cropsey. of No. 237 
Eighty-second street. Bay Ridge, was William Crop- 
sey. He had a son named James W. Cropsey, whose 
son. G. W. Cropsey. was born at New Utrecht, Long 
Island, at Locust Grove. Twenty-fourth avenue and 
Cropsey avenue. G. W. Cropsey was the grandfather 
of Garrett W. Cropsey and the father of James Crop- 
sey, who also was born at the place just mentioned. 
James Cropsey was long a lumber dealer at New 
Utrecht, a successful business man, a good Christian, 
who held all the offices in the Dutch Reformed 
church, and a man of influence whose life in the com- 
munity made it better. He married Mary B. Hoag- 
land, and she bore him four children: Garrett YV. ; 
T. H. of No. 385 Jefferson avenue, Brooklyn: Annie 
L.. wife of Charles H. Lott. a lawyer at No. 206 
Broadway, New York: and Charles H.. who is serv- 
ing his country as a soldier. 

Garrett W. Cropsey was educated in local schools 
and at the age of sixteen he began to assist his 
father in the lumber business. At twenty-three he 
became a member of the firm of W. R. Creed & 
Company, manufacturers and wholesale lumber mer- 
chants, with offices at No. iS Broadway, New York, 
a concern lining an extensive business, with which 
his fortunes appear to be allied permanently. 

Mr. Cropsey has been prominent in Republican 
ward politics for seven years, is a Mason and a mem- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



bcr of the Royal Arcanum, the Crescent and Ridge 
Clubs and the New Utrecht Rod and Gun Club, and 
has been a deacon in the Dutch Reformed church. 
Unaided by wealth or influential friends, he has 
made his way in the world to a commendable suc- 
cess, in which his friends rejoice with him because 
they know how honestly he has won it and how richly 
he deserves it. In September. 1SS7, he married Miss 
Jennie Van Brunt, a daughter of Daniel and Mary 
C. (Bergen) Wan Brunt, of Bay Ridge, Long Island, 
and a lineal descendant of Rutyert Joosten Van 
Brunt, the Holland emigrant of 1657, an account of 
whom is given in the biographical sketch of her 
brother, Cornelius B. Van Brunt, which is included 
m this work. Air. and Mrs. Cropsey have four chil- 
dren, — Francis B.. Alary H.. Dorothy and Jaques 
Van Brunt Cropsey. 

ABRAHAM I. DITMAS. 

Abraham I. Ditmas. now deceased, was born 
March 14. 1830, in the residence which adjoins the 
home of his widow. His father, John Ditmas, was 
born on a farm south of Flatbush, and the family 
history is given at some length in connection with 
the sketch of John Ditmas, Jr., a brother of our 
subject. Abraham I. Ditmas pursued his education 
in Erasmus Hall Academy and in his early life was 
identified with agricultural pursuits, but later became 
an active factor in connection with the corporation 
interests of Brooklyn. He was made secretary and 
treasurer of the Long Island Safe Deposit Company, 
in which capacity he was serving at the time of his 
death. He was also secretary of the Flatbush Gas 
Company, and his pronounced business ability ren- 
dered his advice a potent element in the successful 
conduct of those enterprises. 

In the affairs of the city and in the events which 
contributed toward the best interests of . mankind 
Mr. Ditmas was known for his active co-operation. 
He became a trustee of Erasmus Hall Academy, 
and was serving as elder of the Dutch Reformed 
church at the time of his demise. He was also 
prominent on the board of improvements and served 
as its treasurer for a number of years. He also 
acted as assessor of Flatbush for some years, and 
was recognized as one of the leading representatives 
of the city, his efforts contributing in a large meas- 
ure to its upbuilding. 

On the 27th of September. 1S54. Mr. Ditmas led 
to the marriage altar Miss Caroline V. Lott. a daugh- 
ter of John I. Lott. of Flatbush. Unto them were 
born five children, of whom four are living, namelj : 
Sarah Suydam. wife of Peter B. Bromley, of Mulli- 
gan: John A., who resides in the home adjoining 



Mrs. Ditmas; Elizabeth Lott; and Caroline. The 
father died September 3. 1894, at the aye of sixty- 
four years, and thus passed from the scene of activi- 
ty ni Flatbush one who was widely known and hon- 
ored. The record of his life finds an appropriate 
place m the history of those nun of business and 
enterprise whose force of character, sterling integrity 
and fortitude amid discouragements to gain success 
in the management of complicated affairs have con- 
tributed in an eminent degree to the development 
of Long Island. His life record is worthy of emu- 
lation, as showing what intelligence and probity may 
accomplish in the way of success in life. 

WILLIAM C. BRAISLIX. M. D. 

William C. Braislin was born in Burlington, New 
Jersey, July 1, 1865. Here for many preceding gen- 
erations certain of his ancestors, of the Society of 
Friends, were born in the old homestead, which is 
still in the possession of the family. Of this line 
was his grandmother, Tamar Gibbs. an immediate 
descendant of Samuel Jennings, the first proprietary 
governor of the colony of New Jersey, a contem- 
porary and personal friend of William Penn. She 
is remembered by many as a woman of unusual love- 
liness and charming personality. Dr. Braislin's pa- 
ternal grandfather was of Scotch-Irish descent. His 
birthplace was where Malin Head looks out on the 
cold sea and the coast of Scotland beyond it. Of 
keen and vigorous intellect, and endowed with a 
natural gift, Dr. Braislin comes of a line of edu- 
cators. His aunt. Priscilla Braislin. held a pro- 
fessor's chair in the department of mathematics in 
Vassar College for a period of twenty-two years, 
beginning with its founding' in 1805; and for the 
first twelve years, being equally proficient in both, 
she taught chemistry as well. It is said of Profes- 
sor Braislin that she "taught quaternions at the end 
of the curriculum as easily as algebra in the begin- 
ning." and that, "her gifts being as much of the 
heart as of the intellect, she supplied a very neces- 
sary and superlative force in the life of the college." 
The Priscilla Braislin School, at Bordentown, New 
Jersey, is a memorial to her. 

Dr. Braislin received his education at the Bur- 
lington high school, later in Crosswicks, New Jer- 
sey, at Peddie Institute. Hightstown, New Jersey, 
at Princeton College fela^s of 1880). and was gradu- 
ated at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
New York, in 1800. As a field for his future work 
he located in Brooklyn, where an uncle, the Rev. 
Edward Braislin, D. D., was at that time filling the 
pulpit of one of the prominent churches in the city. 

On the 19th of October, 1892, was celebrated the 



ioo 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



marriage of Dr. Braislin and Miss Alice Cameron, a 
daughter of the late Donald Cameron. Mr. Cam- 
eron belonged to the clan of Lochiel. His maternal 
grandfather. Governor Van Batenhurg, of Holland, 
served as the governor of the colony of Berbice, 
under the Dutch and afterward the British flags. 
Mr. Cameron's paternal grandmother was Catherine 
Stuart. Dr. Braislin has two children, — William 
Donald and John Cameron. 

As his life work Dr. Braislin has chosen the 
treatment of the diseases of the nose, ear and throat. 
He has been associated as assistant surgeon for six 
years in the aural department of the Brooklyn Eye 
and Ear Hospital, and is aural surgeon to the Will- 
iamsburgh Hospital. He is a member of the Medical 
Society of the County of Kings, in which he is the 
secretary of the section on laryngology, rhinology 
and otology ; of the Associated Physicians of Long 
Island; the Long Island Medical Society; the Brook- 
lyn Pathological Society; the New York State Medi- 
cal Society, and the American Laryngological. Rhin- 
ological and Otological Society. He is a member of 
Burlington Lodge, F. & A. M.. one of the earliest 
Masonic organizations in the state of New Jersey. 
He also belongs to De Witt Clinton Council of the 
Royal Arcanum, and the Seventh Ward Republican 
Association. 

Dr. Braislin and his family are members of St. 
Luke's church, Brooklyn, of which the Rev. Dr. 
Swentzel is the rector. 

JACOB MEURER. 

An example of an enterprising, self-made man 
may be studied with advantage by those ambitious 
to rise in the world by a glance at the career of 
Jacob Meurer, a member of the firm of Meurer 
Brothers, dealers in tin plate, sheet iron and metals 
at Nos 569 to 577 Flushing avenue, and Xos. 266 
to 270 Wallabout street, Brooklyn. Mr. Meurer's 
father was born in Germany, and in 1S49 came to 
this country, locating in New York, engaging in 
business as a baker, and continuing that occupation 
until his death, which occurred in 1880. 

Jacob Meurer was born in New York city July 
5, [862, and attended the public schools until he had 
attained the age of twelve, when he entered the em- 
ploj of John I !< ker & Company, where he remained, 
first as offici 1"". and later as clerk, for three years, 
then leaving the Hecker Companj to engage with 
Hoopes & Merry, of New York, in the same line of 
business as that with which he is now connected. 
He was with the last mentioned firm from 1877 to 
[800, and had so well ma t< red all the intricacies of 



ment he had an interest in the firm. In 1888 Mr. 
Meurer's brother had gone into the metal business 
and bad conducted it in a small way until the en- 
trance into the firm of Jacob, since which time a 
flourishing business has been built up. they having 
agents in all prominent centers and traveling men 
all over the United States. The firm makes a spe- 
cialty of the celebrated Meurer Anchor Ventilators 
and Meurer Metal Spanish Tiles, also of high grade 
roofing plates. 

Mr. Meurer is a director of the Merchants' Bank 
and is a stockholder in many other institutions. He 
is a member of the Union League and the Marine 
and Field Club, and the Montauk Club, and holds 
membership in the Masonic order and the Knights 
of St. John of Malta. He married Miss Conway, 
of Brooklyn, and is the father of four children, — 
May. Grace, Annie and Jacob, Jr. 

ROBERT GEORGE HUTCHINSON, Jr., D. D. S. 

Dr. R. G. Hutchinson. Jr., of 444 Putnam avenue, 
was born in New York city. October 5. 1866, and is a 
son of Robert George and Almira ( Ostrander) 
Huchinson, natives, respectively, of St. Andrews, 
New Brunswick] and New York. His father was for 
more than forty years engaged in the stationery 
business, but is now living retired in Flatbush. Of 
their children, two daughters died in childhood and 
the Doctor is the only survivor. 

Dr. Hutchinson was educated in the public 
schools of Montclair, New Jersey, and for four years 
assisted his father in the store. In 1S86 he became 
a student in the office of Dr. S. C. G. Watkins, of 
Montclair. where he remained for one year. He 
then entered the New York College of Dentistry, 
from which he was graduated in 1889. Soon after 
securing his degree he entered upon the practice of 
dentistry and by close application and hard work he 
soon built up a large practice. But he over esti- 
mated bis strength and in 1896 was obliged for a 
time to give up the work of his beloved profession. 
He established on Bedford avenue a branch of the 
Waltham Bicycle business and in a short time ac- 
quired a g I trade. At the end of a year bis former 

rugged health had reasserted itself, so that he was 
able to again take up the practice of his profession. 
His former patrons were glad to again avail them- 
selves of bis services and his practice quickly re- 
covered from the interruption. The Doctor is a 
member of the Brooklyn Dental Society, the Second 
District Dental Society, the Odontological Society, of 
New York, and the New York State Dental Society, 
in all of which he takes an active interest and for 
the promotion of whose welfare he is every ready 
to lend bis aid. He has been treasurer of the Second 




&fWJ&&4£^<4*~5)r. Ap^St 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAXD. 



H',1 



District Society, and corresponding secretary of the 
Erooklyn Dental Society. 

Dr. Hutchinson was married June 22, 1891, to 
Ella Collins, daughter of Professor Lewis Collins, 
secretary of the Tree-Planting and Fountain Society. 
To this union were born four children : Grace Wal- 
lace, Alice Ostrander, Ella Agnes and Robert George. 
Dr. and Mrs. Hutchinson are members of the Dutch 
Reformed church of Flatbush, and he is a member 
of the Royal Arcanum, the Knickerbocker Field 
Club and the League of American Wheelmen. 



WILLIAM GEORGE RUSSELL, M. D. 

Among those who devote their time and energies 
to the practice of medicine and have gained a lead- 
ing place in the ranks of the profession is Dr. Rus- 
sell, of Brooklyn. He was born on the 24th of Feb- 
ruary, 1844, in New York city, of which place his 
parents, Samuel and Jane (Anderwood) Russell, 
were also natives, while the grandparents on both 
sides were of Scottish birth. The father was an 
extensive contractor and builder of his native city. 
In his family were ten children, but only two are 
now living: Jane E.. the wife of James H. King, 
of New York; and William G., our subject. 

The Doctor was educated in the public schools 
of New York, Carpenter's Academy and by private 
tutors. Later he attended the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons of New York and the Long Island 
College Hospital, graduating at the latter institution 
in 1871. After a year devoted to hospital work he 
engaged in private practice in the eastern district of 
Brooklyn for nine years, and since 1890 has had his 
office at No. 27 McDonough street, where he enjoys 
a large and lucrative general practice. 

Dr. Russell has been connected with the various 
departments of the Eastern District Dispensary, of 
which he is now a consulting physician; for two 
years was a visiting physician to the Eastern District 
Industrial School; from 1872 to 1874 was an assistant 
sanitary inspector of the Brooklyn board of health, 
being the chief of the vaccinating department; and 
for one year was the exclusive inspector of con- 
tagious diseases. For several years he was a mem- 
ber of the Medical Society of the County of Kings, 
of which he was the assistant secretary, and was 
also the secretary, treasurer and vice-president of the 
Eastern District Medical Society, now extinct. He 
is at present a member of the Kings County Medi- 
cal Association, of which he was the first correspond- 
ing secretary; the New York State Medical Asso- 
ciation, of which he was an original fellow ; and of 
the American Medical Association. He is a pro- 
gressive physician, who keeps abreast of the times, 
1 1 



and his skill and ability are attested by the liberal 
patronage he receives. 

On the 13th of November, 1872, Dr. Russell was 
united in marriage with Miss Ella Kate Bruce, of 
Mount Bethel. Pennsylvania, and to them was born 
one child. Fred Bruce, now an editor in New York 
city. The Doctor and his family are members of 
the Tompkins Avenue Congregational church. He 
is a stanch supporter of the Republican party, and 
has served as the secretary, vice-president and acting 
president of the Seventeenth Assembly District Re- 
publican Association. 

THE WOODHULL FAMILY. 

There is no family on Long Island that has for 
a greater period been established here or is stronger 
numerically than the Woodhull family, and investi- 
gation into the history of this portion of the Em- 
pire state will show that no other family has con- 
tributed 111 larger degree toward promoting the mili- 
tary and civil interests which have led to the devel- 
opment of Long Island than have the Woodhulls. 
In direct line the ancestry can be traced back 
to the time when William the Conqueror left his 
home in Normandy and fought the battle of Hastings 
on the English coast, thus infusing a new element 
into the great British nation. Among the number 
who accompanied the conqueror to England and who 
distinguished himself in the army was a man of 
Flemish origin who was known by the name of Wal- 
teras Flanderemis, which in English would be Wal- 
ter, the man of Flanders. The land taken from the 
Anglo-Saxons who fought against William was dis- 
tributed among the followers of the latter, and the 
Flemish soldier as a feudal lord held estates in 
Bedford and Northampton. His castle was located 
at Wahull, now Woodhull. in Bedford. His son 
was also named Walter and was made Baron of 
Wahull for excellent service. The line of descent 
is traced on down through Simon, baron of Wahull, 
who in tlie reign of Henry I gave the church of 
Langford to the Knights Templar; Walter de Wa- 
hull. who paid knight's fees to Henry II. indicating 
very large possessions; Simon de Wahull. who also 
paid knight's fees to the same king, also paid a large 
sum toward the redemption of King Richard I. who 
was held a captive in Germany upon his return from 
the crusades to the Holy Land and gave large grants 
to the nunnery of Godstone. where he had two 
daughters, his death occurring in 1197 A. D. ; John 
de Wahull, who died in 1216: Sauher de Wahull, 
son of John's uncle, who died in 1250: Walter de 
Wahull. who died in 1261 : John de Wahull. who 
die-1 in 1295: Thomas de Wahull, who was SU m- 



US: 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



moned to parliament as baron. January 26, 1297; 
John de Wahull; Nicholas dc Wahull, whose wife, 
Margaret Foxcote, brought by inheritance the sec- 
ond quartering to the coat of arms, and who died 
in 141 1. in the twelfth year of the reign of Henry 
IV; Thomas de Wahull, whose wife. Elizabeth Chet- 
wood, brought quarterings 3, 4- 5 and 6 to the fam- 
ily coat of arms, and who died in 1422, in the 
ninth year of the reign of Henry V: Thomas de 
Wahull; John Woodhull; Fulk Woodhull, whose 
wife, Anna, brought the seventh quartering to the 
coat of arms, and who died in 1509, in the twenty- 
fourth year of the reign of Henry VII: and Nicho- 
las Woodhull. It will be seen that in the meantime 
the name has undergone a change, when Nicholas, 
the head of the family, had bis title changed to 
Nicholas Woodhull, baron of Woodhull. Nicholas 
Woodhull. the head of the family in the seventeenth 
generation — the last mentioned — married, and it was 
through his first son descended the now titled branch 
of the family. Lords Crewe of Steene. The Ameri- 
can branch is descended from his son Fulk, by his 
second wife. Elizabeth Parr, cousin of Queen Cath- 
arine Parr, last wife of Henry VIII. Elizabeth Parr 
was a descendant of William the Conqueror through 
his youngest daughter, Gundred. She was also a 
descendant of Edward the First and of William the 
Lion of Scotland. She brought to the family coat 
of arms the quarterings 8 to 18, by inheritance from 
her father, her grandfather and her mother. 

The representative of the family in the eighteenth 
generation in direct line to the Woodhulls of Long 
Island was Fulk Woodhull, who was followed by 
Lawrence Woodhull and Richard Woodhull, the lat- 
ter the founder of the family in the new world. 
He was born in Thenford, Northamptonshire, Eng- 
land, m 1620, the year of the landing of the Pil- 
grim-, at Plymouth Rock, lie was married in Eng- 
land, and in 164S came to the new world. He had 
been a warm friend of Oliver Cromwell, and he 
deemed it unwise to try and live under the restored 
of Charles II. In 1665 he purchased ten 
1 In hi ; mi] and 1 ighl hundred acres of land in the town 
• .f Brookhaven and took up his abode at Setauket 
■ inch was then called Ashford or Crom- 
"i II' Raj \ pari of his farm is still in possession 
'.1 In de cendanl , having been given to the eldest 
on he cveral generation according to the English 
- 'i tom lb' original coal of arms is still kept at 
in old homestead. Richard Woodhull was justice 
of ihe eoint of a presented the 1 ause of 

Engl ainst the 1 hnch at Hart- 
Ford lb w.i ei ' atlj 1 espi 'id. and 'bid in 1690, 
at the age of seventy yeai His children were 
Rii leu d Nathaniel and I ' 



Richard Woodhull (2) was born October 9, 1649. 
He also was chosen magistrate of his native town, 
and was equally faithful to the civil and religious 
interests of the people. From the records we learn 
that at a town meeting, April 10. 1697. it was fully 
agreed that Mr. Justice Woodhull, of Brookhaven, 
and Justice Smith, of Smithtown, should jointly 
make arrangements with the Rev. George Phillips 
faithfully to perform the duty of minister of the gos- 
pel among them during the time of his natural life, 
etc. At another time it was ordered that one hun- 
dred acres of land be laid out for Rev. George Phil- 
lips by Richard Woodhull, surveyor. The children 
of Richard Woodhull (2) were Richard, Nathaniel, 
John, Josiah, Dorothy and Temperance. The father 
died in 1699. Richard Woodhull (4) was born in 
1691. anil died in 1797. His children were Richard, 
Mary, John, Nathan, Stephen, Henry and Phoebe. 
Of this family Stephen Woodhull was born in 1722, 
and bis children were Abraham, John. Stephen, Oli- 
ver, Hannah, Susan and Polly. John Woodhull was 
born in 1760. and died in 1805. He lived at Ronkon- 
koma. Long Island, and his children were Richard 
and Brewster. The former was born in 1793, and died 
in 1834. He lived at Ronkonkoma. and had eight 
children. He married Fanny Green, who was born 
in 1802 and died in 1872. Their children were as 
follows: Francis Woodhull was born in 1822, and 
died in 1886. He married Ruth Doxsee, who died 
in 1846, leaving a son. Francis Asbury, who was 
born in 1S46 and died in 1847. After the death of 
his first wife he wedded Hannah Maria Terry, who 
was born in 1814 and died in 1874. His next wife 
was Phcebe Elizabeth Doxsee. who was born in 1850 
and died in 1880, leaving a daughter, Jessie Ermina 
Woodhull. who was, born in 1877, and son, Maurice 
WeKb Woodhull. who was born in 1878. For his 
fourth wife Francis Woodhull chose Josephine Anna 
Robinson, who was born in 1838 and still survives 
her husband. 

Charles Ambrose Woodhull. of Sayville, was 
born in 1824 and died in 1890. He married Gloaner 
Green, who was born in 1828 and died in 1804. and 
they li.nl four children: Fanny Green, who was 
born in 1853 and married Charles Floyd Terry, who 
was born in 1850, and by whom she has three chil- 
dren. — Louise Benjamin, born in 1879, Henry Miller 
in 1882 and Floyd Grant Terry in 1885; Arabella, 
who was born in 1S56. and married Woodhull Na- 
thaniel Raynor, who was born in 1S53 and by whom 
she has eight children. — Minnie Emma, born in 1878, 
Rachel Green in 1879, Lucretia Woglum in 1882, 
Lewis Woodhull 111 1X83. Sarah 1 ,e Valley in 1886, 
Elizabeth, who was born in 1880 and died the same 
year, Woodhull Nathaniel, born in 1894 and died in 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAXD. 



L63 



1895, and Fanny Eugenia, born in 1894; Charles Her- 
bert, of Patchogue, New York, born in 1859, married 
Harriet Newell Case, who was born in 1856, and by 
whom he had three children, — Bryan Darett, who 
was born in 1883 and died in 1884, Herbert Case in 
1886 and Julia Bartlett in 1888; and Herman Smith 
Woodhull, of Derby, Connecticut, who was born in 
1867, and wedded Alary Emeline Kimberly, who was 
born in 1869. 

John Alpheus Woodhull, the third child of Rich- 
ard and Fanny (Green) Woodhull, was born in 1825, 
and married Johanna Brown, who was born in 1825 
and died in 1887, after which he married Eliza Miller 
Church, who was born in 1828. By his first mar- 
riage he had eight children : Joel Brown, who was 
born in 1854, and married Abbie Cornelia Hatch, 
who was born in 1853 and died in 1880, leaving two 
children, — Joel Raymond, born in 1877. and Abbie 
Florence, born in 1880, after which he married Eliza- 
beth Henry Hicks, who was born in 1858 and died 
in 1893, leaving a daughter, Mary Henry, who was 
born in 1891, while their elder daughter, Leola Eliza- 
beth, who was born in 1888, passed away in the same 
year as her mother's death ; Charles Edward, who 
was born in 1855, and married Josephine Hallock, 
who was born in 1853, by whom he has one son, 
John Hallock, born in 1892; John Francis, who was 
born in 1857, and married Minnie Ellen Hinkley, 
who was born in 1867, and is the mother of his two 
children,— Mildred, born in 1887. and Hazel in 1890; 
Augustine, who was born in 1859 and died in i860; 
George Ileber. of North Haven, Maine, who was 
born in i860, and wedded Mary Warburton Curtis: 
Florence, who was born in 1862 and died in 187(1; 
Marianna, who was born in 1864. and is living in 
New York city; and Adelia Hallock, who was born 
in 1866 and died in 1876. 

Edward Henry Woodhull. the fourth .child of 
Richard and Fanny (Green) Woodhull. was burn in 
1827 and died in 1S96. He married Charlotte Van 
Brunt and made his home in Sayville, New York. 

Josiah Richard Woodhull, the fifth child of Rich- 
ard and Fanny (Green) Woodhull. resides in Say- 
ville. He was born in 1820. and married Amanda 
Strong, who was born in 1S30. They had two chil- 
dren. William Bangs, the elder, was born in 1858, 
made his home in Poland, Herkimer county. New 
York, and died in 1899. He wedded Mary Eliza 
Acklcy. whose birth occurred in 1856. and by whom 
he bad two children.— Ruth Helen and Clarence 
Irwin, bnih in Poland with their parents, the former 
born in 1883. the latter in 1885. Frank Eugene, the 
younger son. was born in 1863. and makes his home 
in Bayshore. New York. He married Eliza Marion 
Young, who was born in 1864. and by whom he has 



two children,— Beatrice Evelyn and Rollin Young, 
born in 1886 and 1893, respectively. 

Mary Jane Woodhull. the sixth child of Richard 
and Fanny (Green) Woodhull, was born in 1830, 
and became the wife of John Merritt Brown, who 
was born in 1819 and lives at Miller's Place, New 
York. They have two children, the elder being 
George Miller Brown, who was born in 1862 and 
lives at Sheepshead Bay, Long Island. He married 
Grace Agnes Marion, who was born in 1868, and 
their children are: George Marion, born in 1888: 
Ida Frances, in 1891 ; Helen Rosalie, in 1896; and 
Jean Merritt, in 1899. Herman Woodhull Brown, 
the younger son, was born in 1873, and resides at 
Miller's Place, New York. He married Minnie Ce- 
linda Shaw, who was born in 1864. 

George Lee Woodhull, the seventh child of Rich- 
ard and Fanny (Green) Woodhull. was born in 
1832. and died in 1870. He resided in Onawa, Iowa, 
and he married Eleanor Peet Bristol, who was born 
in 1840, and is now Mrs. Leavitt, of Orange City, 
Florida. 

Susan Green, the youngest child of Richard and 
Fanny (Green) Woodhull. was born in 1864, and 
became the wife of George Wells Smith, who was 
born in 1831 and died in 1S57. They had one child, 
Georgianna Woodhull, who was born in 1857. and 
married Milliard Fillmore Robinson, of Fayette. New 
York, by whom she has one child, Grace Woodhull, 
who was born in 1876 and is the wife of Lawson 
Maynard Lambert, who was born in 1873 and lives 
in Fayette. New York. After the death of her first 
husband Mrs. Susan Green Smith married Joshua 
Martin, who was born in 1805 and died in 1S94. She 
now lues in North View, Webster county, Mis- 
'"iin By her second marriage she bad five chil- 
dren: Joshua, who was born and died in 1863; 
John Joshua, who was born in 1864 and lives in 
North View; Mary Susan, who was born in 1866, 
and is the wife of James Ambrose Galbraith, of 
Stafford, Missouri, who was born in. 1872; Fanny 
Catharine, who was born in 1869 and died in 1S70; 
Emma Amelia, who was born in 1872, and is the 
wife of Noah Thaddeus Bruton, of Marshfield, Mis- 
souri, who was born in 1S60, and by whom she has 
one child. — John LcRoy Bruton. born in 1896. Mrs. 
Martin was the youngest member in her father's 
family. After his death her mother married again, 
becoming the wife of William Smith, of Sayville, 
Yew York, who was born in 181 1 and died in 1871. 

There were three children by that marriage. 
Emma Louisa, the eldest, was born in 1839 and died 
in 1876. She married Francis Smith Green, of Say- 
ville. New York, who was born in 1836 and died 
in 1883. 



164 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Ellen Amelia, the second child, was born in 1843, 
and became the wife of Hugh Morrison Ives, who 
was born in 1841. They live in Parksville, New 
York, and have two children, the elder being Will- 
iam Morrison, who was born in 1871 and died in 
1872. while the younger was Edward Duncan Ives. 
He was born in 1875. resides in Xew York city and 
married Wavie Reynolds, who was born in 1874. a "d 
by whom he has one child, — William Morrison Ives, 
who was born in 1898. 

Herman Smith, the youngest child of the mother's 
second marriage, was born in 1844 and died in 1864. 

Perhaps the most famous member of the Wood- 
hull family was General Nathaniel Woodhull, who 
was born at St. George's manor in Brookhaven, in 
1722 (see chapter XX, in the first volume of this 
work). His father was also Nathaniel and was the 
third son of Richard II. Following the example of 
Washington, he rose rapidly to prominence in the 
civil and military service of his country. He became 
a colonel in the colonial army under General Amherst 
and he represented Suffolk county in the provincial 
congress of Xew York, being chosen and serving as 
it- president from 1775 until 1777. In the former 
year be was appointed brigadier general, and in 1776 
led the Suffolk county militia into Washington's 
army, then in the neighborhood of the present site 
of Brooklyn. The story of our defeat at the battle 
of Long Island is a matter of history, and also the 
story of General Woodhull's death as a martyr to 
his country's cause. He was captured by the British, 
and because he refused to say "God save the king" 
he was put to death by the swords of his captors. 
'■ e strong characteristics of tin- family has 

ever been loyalty to honest convictions and to their 
country. Its men have been faithful in citizenship, 
honorable in business, and in many ways have con- 
tribute d to ili' substantial development and prog- 
- various localities with which they have 
been connected, and tints have promoted the welfare 
of the entire land. 



VIRGIL 



ARKER, n. D. S. 



Virgil Ft P D. D. S., one of the lead- 

ing di of I'll' ioklj 11. w a- bi irn in Watertown, 

New York, \pril 22, [863, and is a brother of Clinton 
Burnett Parker, I). I). S. lie was educated in the 
public and high schools of his native town and was 
graduated from the Wv, York Collegi ol Dentistry, 
in 1885 Soon aftei in lie entered upon 

tin fi ;ion, and wa foi four 

yeai ociated with William Jai J D S., of 

Brooklyn He then became associated with In- eldest 
brother, which a .ociation continued until 1S04. 



Since that time he has conducted one ef the best 
and most successful dental practices in the city. 

From 1887 to 1892 he was connected with the 
dental clinic of the Long Island College Hospital, 
and for one year held the chair of prosthetic den- 
tistry in the Xew York Dental School, from which 
he was forced to resign by the rapid growth of his 
practice. He is a member of the Brooklyn Dental 
Society, the Second District Dental Society, the Xew 
York Institute of Stomatology, and the Alumni As- 
sociation of the X T ew York College of Dentistry. 
He is also a member of the Hamilton Club. He 
was formerly a member of the Crescent. Coney 
Island and Xew Utrecht Gun Clubs, and. while not 
now a member of these, he takes much interest in 
the sports which are symbolized by the rod and gun, 
and has a number of beautiful specimens of the 
larger game of Xorth America displayed in his 
drawing room. He is a member of the First Pres- 
byterian church of Brooklyn. 

Dr. Parker was married October 9, 1889. to Miss 
Eleanore Scheidler. daughter of Andrew Adolph 
Scheidler, deceased, protege of Duke Bernhardt Eric 
Freund to the Kaulbach Academy of Art. Munich. 
Germany, and first lieutenant in the Civil war of the 
United States of America. His wife. Kathrine Saw- 
yer Post, deceased, descended from the king of Hol- 
land, the Huguenots and an English nobleman. She 
is a member of the First Presbyterian church of 
Brooklyn. 

HEXRY BESSEY. 

When the Mayflower brought its band of heroic 
pilgrims to the shores of the new world and the first 
settlement was made on the coast of Xew England, 
the first American ancestors of Henry Bessey were 
numbered among those who crossed the Atlantic to 
secure religious liberty in this land. Through many 
generations representatives of the name have resided 
111 Xew England, and there our subject was born in 
[828, — Norwalk, Connecticut, being the place of his 
nativity. His parents were Samuel and Mary (Sco- 
beld ) Bessey, and the former was a weaver by trade, 
following that pursuit in support of his family. 

In the public schools Henry Bessey pursued his 
education, and at the age of sixteen began to learn 
the trade which he has made bis life work, entering 
a printing office in 1844. There he gained a good 
knowledge of the business. Since his arrival in New 
York he has been ■connected continuously with one 
house, a period of almost sixty years. He was em- 
ployed at the case until 1870, when his employer died 
and he purchased the business, which he has since 
profitably conducted. Many of the old patrons re- 





gLe^/47/^Vf 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



163 



mained with the new house and as the years passed 
he secured many new ones. His trade is now large 
and he is widely known as a reliable representative 
of this line of business. System and method prevail, 
just treatment of his employes and honorable dealing 
with his patrons are numbered among the salient 
characteristics of this establishment, in addition to 
the excellent workmanship. 

Mr. Bessey was long a member of the Typothetae, 
also of the Society of Mechanics and Tradesmen 
and of the Hanover Club. He was happily married 
in 1854 to Miss Annie Macgregor, and unto them 
have been born six children, of whom five are yet 
living: Annie M., Cornelia M., Fred A., George H. 
and James M. The life of Mr. Bessey has been a 
husy and useful one, in which industry has enabled 
him to wrest a comfortable competence from the 
hands of fate. Well equipped with a thorough knowl- 
edge of the printer's trade, he entered upon an in- 
dependent business career, and his unremitting labor, 
careful management and diligence have formed the 
rounds of the ladder. 

WILLIAM NATHAN BELCHER, M. D. 

A native of Brooklyn, Dr. William Nathan Bel- 
cher was born December 9, 1862, and is a son of 
Elisha and Elizabeth (Foshay) Belcher. The an- 
cestry of the family can be traced back to England, 
where lived Gregory Belcher, who came to this 
•country in 1634 and was one of the original settlers 
of Braintree, Massachusetts. The line of descent is 
traced down through Samuel, who was born in 1637, 
Moses in 1671, William in 1701, Captain William in 
1731, who was a hero of the Revolution, Elisha, who 
was born in 1757 and was a surgeon in the conti- 
nental army, William Nathan and Samuel Elisha. 
"William Nathan Belcher was the grandfather of our 
subject. He was a renowned physician and practiced 
medicine for many years at Roundhill, Connecticut, 
and was for a time a missionary among the Indians 
in Missouri. It was in that state that his son Sam- 
uel Elisha Belcher was born, in 1823. The last 
named has been for many years president of the Jef- 
ferson Fire Insurance Company of New York, and 
resides in Brooklyn. He has four children, all of 
whom are residents of the same city. 

Dr. Belcher, whose name introduces this record, 
was educated in the Polytechnic Institution of Brook- 
lyn, and received the degree of M. D. from the Long 
Island College Hospital in 1884. He spent one year 
as house surgeon in the hospital of his alma mater 
and then located on South Portland avenue, where 
he has built up a large general practice. He has 
been attending physician to the Long Island College 



Hospital Dispensary for sixteen years, and is now 
also chief of the medical clinic. He was for some 
time instructor in histology, pathological anatomy 
and physiology and is now instructor in materia 
medica. He has been pathologist to the Seney Hos- 
pital of Brooklyn since 1892, was for ten years at- 
tending physician to the Brooklyn City Dispensary, 
for three years to the Brooklyn Home for Consump- 
tives, and for fifteen years to the Graham Home for 
Aged Women. He was for three years assistant 
surgeon, with the rank of captain, in the Forty- 
seventh Regiment of the New York National Guard, 
and later held the same position in the Naval Militia 
of New York. Since 1892 he has been medical ex- 
aminer for the Manhattan Life Insurance Company 
of Xew York, and from 1895 until 1899 he was as- 
sistant sanitary inspector for the Brooklyn board of 
health. 

Dr. Belcher is a member of various medical socie- 
ties, belongs to the Medical Society of the County 
of Kings, and served therein as chairman of the mem- 
bership committee ; the Physicians' Mutual Aid As- 
sociation of New York; the Brooklyn Pathological 
Society, of which he has been vice-president and 
president; the Association of Military Surgeons of 
the United States ; and the Associated Physicians 
of Long Island. 

The Doctor was married April 20, 1898. to Miss 
Caroline Ferris Sumner, a daughter of Adams C. 
Sumner, of Brooklyn, and they have an interesting 
little daughter. Mildred. The Doctor is a member of 
the Society of the Sons of the Revolution, and in 
politics is a Republican. He now enjoys a desirable 
patronage, but his professional prominence is no 
less enviable than his social position, which has come 
to him as the result of his genuine character worth, 
his kindly disposition and his unfailing courtesy. 

THOMAS E. BROWN, M. D. 

On the list of successful physicians in Brooklyn 
appears the name of Thomas Edward Brown. He 
claims Connecticut as the state of his nativity, his 
birth having occurred in New Britain October 22, 
1867. his parents being John and Maria (Bowe) 
Brown, the former of English descent and the latter 
of Irish extraction. The Doctor pursued his literary 
education in the public and high schools of his native 
town and the Holy Cross College. Determining to 
make the practice of medicine his life work, he en- 
tered the College of Physicians and Surgeons of 
New York city, and on the completion of the 
prescribed course was graduated with the class 
of 1890. He was for one year assistant to 
a surgeon in Bayonne, New Jersey, and since 



Kit; 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



that time has been located in Brooklyn, where 
he has a large general practice. When he 
came to this city he was acquainted with but 
two families residing here. During the early part 
of his residence, when attempting to build up a 
practice, his brother and other friends advised him to 
abandon the' struggle and locate where better oppor- 
tunities seemed to await him, but time has demon- 
strated the wisdom of his persistence in remaining, 
and he now enjoys a very enviable reputation and 
has a practice which many an older physician might 
well envy. The Doctor is a member of the Medical 
Society of the County of Kings, the New York 
Medical Association, the Greater Xew York Medical 
Association and the Physicians' Mutual Aid Asso- 
ciation of Xew York. 

On the 22d of April, 1896, Dr. Brown was united 
in marriage to Miss Margaret Kirkpatrick. of Brook- 
lyn. He has become very widely known in the city 
and has a large circle of friends who esteem him 
highly for his genuine worth. 

THOMAS MORTIMER LLOYD. M. D.. Ph. D. 

One who lias gained a high measure .of success 
as a representative of the medical fraternity of 
Brooklyn is the gentleman whose name introduces 
this review. He was born in Salem county, New 
Jersey, February 18, 1855. and is a son of Ephraim 
and Elizabeth (Mulford) Lloyd. His grandfather, 
Stacy Lloyd, was a member of the New Jersey 
legislature and a man of prominence and influence 
in the community where he resided. His great-great- 
great-grandfather was a native of Wales and be- 
came one of the early settlers of southern Xew Jer- 
sey. The Doctor obtained his education in the pub- 
lic schools of his native county and in the Salem 
Institute, and. having determined to study medi- 
cine. Ik- gained Ins professional training as a student 
in tin- medical department of the University of 
Pennsylvania. He was graduated in 1876. witli the 
degree of M. D. Xot long afterward the degree 
of 1'b l> was conferred upon him by the same in- 
stitutii m 

Soon after his graduation Dr. Lloyd became 
interne in the Presbyterian Hospital in West Phila- 
delphia, where be remained over one year, and later 
1"' penl five years as a physician in the State In- 
sane \ ylu Morri town., New Jersey. In Jan- 
uary [883, he came to Brooklyn, where lie has built 
up a large and lucrative general practice. He has 
occupied several professional positions in hospitals 
and dispensaries, and is now attending physician in 
Si Peter's Hospital and consulting physician to St. 
Christopher's Hospital for Babie 

On the Oth .,f June. [883, was celebrated the mar- 



riage of Dr. Lloyd and Miss Grace M. Hinckley, 
daughter of John Goddard and Mary (Minot) 
Hinckley. The late John G. Hinckley, Esq., was at- 
torney of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Rail- 
road. The Doctor and his wife have one daughter, 
Mercy Hinckley. They are members of the Church of 
the Pilgrims, Congregational, of Brooklyn, and Dr. 
Lloyd belongs to the Hamilton Club. He also holds 
membership relations with various societies connected 
with his profession, being a member of the Amer- 
ican Medical Association, the New York State Med- 
ical Association, the Medical Society of the County 
of Kings, the Kings County Medical Association, 
the Brooklyn Pathological Society, the Brooklyn 
Society for Neurology, the Physicians' Mutual Aid 
Association and the Practitioners Club. The Doctor 
has for fifteen years been examiner for the Mutual 
Life Insurance Company of New York, was examiner 
for the New York Life Insurance Company for four- 
teen years, for the Equitable Life Insurance Society 
of the United States, the United States Life Insur- 
ance Company and other companies for several years. 
He possesses marked judgment and discernment in 
his diagnosing of diseases and is peculiarly success- 
ful in anticipating the issues of complications, seldom 
making mistakes and never exaggerating or min- 
ifying the diseases in rendering his decisions in re- 
gard thereto. He is a physician of great fraternal 
delicacy, and no man ever observed more closely 
the ethics of the unwritten code or showed more 
careful courtesy to his fellow practitioners than does 
Dr. Lloyd. 

JEREMIAH T. STORY. 

In all that tends to make noble manhood J. T. 
Story was rich. Endowed by nature with a tem- 
perament keenly sensitive to joy and sorrow, to hu- 
mor and pathos, he lived in close touch with his fel- 
low men in those things which make life brighter 
and better. He was an important factor in the busi- 
ness circles of the city, and along the lines of earnest, 
persistent and honorable endeavor he steadily ad- 
vanced until he occupied an honorable position in 
trade circles and enjoyed a handsome income from 
a business which was built upon energy, industry, 
enterprise and integrity. His loss to society, to the 
commercial world and to his family will long be felt 
and deeply mourned, and many of the poor of the 
city were thus deprived of a benefactor whose as- 
sistance, bestow-ed in a generous and timely manner, 
tided them over dark hours of adversity. 

The life record, to which the word "finis" was 
added July 15. toot, began in Coxsackie, Greene 
county. Xew York, on the 16th of December, 1848. 
He was the only son of Edwin J. and Mary J. 



=4:Iy... 




J . A- • JiA^cyU 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Lffi 



(Flansburg) Story, the former also a native of 
Greene county. From Scotch-Irish ancestry the son 
undoubtedly received some of the traits of character 
which, developed through an active life, led to his 
success. His prosperity was entirely due to his own 
efforts. At the country school he acquired his edu- 
cation, — and a long and weary tramp it was between 
his home and the primitive school-house. When in 
his thirteenth year he started out to earn his own 
livelihood, the financial circumstances of the family 
rendering this step necessary. He found employment 
in a country store, at sixty dollars per year, and 
after a year's experience in mercantile life he re- 
turned home, working on the farm and driving a 
stage. He was ambitious and determined, and real- 
ized that success depended upon work. His life ex- 
emplified the phrase, the "dignity of labor." for he 
scorned no employment that would yield him an 
honest living, yet made the best and most of his 
opportunities and when advancement offered was 
ready for it. He saved his money and when fifteen 
years of age, realizing the value of a business edu- 
cation, he went to Poughkeepsie, where he pursued 
a course in a business college. Again various kinds 
of labor claimed his attention until 1866, when he 
came to Brooklyn and for three years was employed 
in a dry goods store on Grand street. In 1871 he 
accepted the agency for the Wilcox & Gibbs sewing 
machine, beginning at a salary of fifteen dollars 
per week, but he soon demonstrated the value of his 
services to the company, and at the end of four years 
was receiving fifty-two hundred dollars per year. 
Subsequently he traveled for a short time selling 
Butterick's patterns, and in 1875 began business on 
his own account as a dealer in coal. His business 
methods were so reliable, his desire to please his 
customers so genuine that when once he gained a 
man's trade he never lost his patronage while he re- 
mained in the neighborhood. Up to the time of his 
death he had many patrons who had purchased 
coal from him for nearly the entire quarter of a 
century in which he was in business. He made it a 
point to try to put himself in the position of the 
customer, tried to understand his wishes and suit 
his convenience, and thus he was ever found consid- 
erate, and the confidence he had in his patrons was 
undoubtedly an important element in the honorable 
treatment he received in return. He always made 
it a point, too, never to take an undue advantage 
of a customer on account of the temporary condi- 
tion of the market. His business gradually grew 
until his sales amounted to two hundred and fifty 
thousand tons annually, and forty teams were used 
in hauling and delivering coal : frequently others 
were hired. Numerous coal pockets in various parts 



Hi the city bore his name, giving visible evidence of 
the extent of his business, while his main yard was 
from (:.?4 to 64J on Kent avenue, and extended from 
that street to the Wallabout canal. At the time the 
Nassau Trust Company completed its handsome 
building at Broadway and Bedford avenue. Mr. Story 
immediately secured a suite of offices, which he oc- 
cupied as his principal headquarters. 

On the 8th of January, 1874. Mr. Story was 
united in marriage to Miss Margarita, a daughter 
of Filipa and Dolores (Rives) de Mena, both of 
whom were of Spanish lineage and were natives of 
Havana, Cuba. There the father was extensively 
engaged in the sugar trade. With his family he came 
to the United States and settled in New York. His 
wife died while visiting in Spain, and he also is 
deceased. Both were consistent Christian people of 
the Roman Catholic faith, and they had a wide circle 
of friends in their native city of Havana, as well as 
in New York, where they were respected by all who 
knew them. The only surviving child of Mr. and 
Mrs. Story is Edna, now the wife of T. L. Lut- 
kins. Jr. 

Mr. Story was possessed of a genial manner and 
kindly disposition, which won him many friends 
wherever he went. He was a favorite in the clubs 
with which he was identified, including the Hanover 
and the Union League Clubs. He was also one of 
the most prominent members of the Parkway Driving: 
Club, and was a great lover of the noble steed, 
always owning some very fine horses and finding a 
daily source of recreation and pleasure in driving 
behind a fine animal, and being a familiar figure 
along the ocean driveway. He was a patron of art, 
and his taste along this line was most highly culti- 
vated, his home containing some of the finest paint- 
ings and engravings to be secured, and he endeavored 
to foster a love of art and encourage artistic talent 
by founding, in connection with the Brooklyn Art 
Association, the Story prize of one hundred dollars 
for the best picture displayed at the exhibitions of 
that organization. But perhaps what would most 
commend Mr. Story to the love and admiration of his 
fellow men, if it were a matter of general knowledge, 
would be his charity: but though he gave freely and 
generously, it was entirely without ostentation, and 
'doubtless he did not himself know the annual amount 
of his benefits and gifts. Feeling that he was blessed 
in his business, he did not selfishly hoard his wealth, 
but used it largely for the good of the world, — to 
relieve suffering and distress, to add to the beauty 
and joy of living and to the happiness of his fellow 
men. It was known that through Dr. Darlington, 
the rector of Christ church, his gifts included many 
tons of coal each winter, yet ofttimes the recipient 



16s 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



did not know the name of his benefactor. He was 
ever just and considerate with his employe-, many 
of whom remained in his service through long years; 
but his real nature was best seen in his home. It 
seemed that he could not do too much to advance 
the welfare and comfort of his wife and daughter, 
and he ever manifested the most filial and fraternal 
regard for his aged parents and his two sisters who 
survive him. Death came to him while he was on a 
visit to the old family home to see his sister, who 
was ill. He was but fifty-two years of age and 
seemed yet in the prime of life, but he had accom- 
plished much and he leaves to his family the priceless 
heritage of an untarnished name and an honorable 
record. He was a manly man, actuated in all he 
did by the highest principles and a broad humani- 
tarian spirit, and his memory is hallowed by the love 
and regard which he engendered in the hearts of all 
who knew him. 

WILLIAM AUSTIN TOMES. 

Among the well equipped medical practitioners 
of Brooklyn is Dr. William Austin Tomes, who was 
born m this city, February 14. 1865, a son of Dr. 
Robert and Catharine (Fasnet) Tomes. His fa- 
ther received the degree of Medical Doctor from 
Edinburgh University, Edinburgh. Scotland, and en- 
tered upon the practice of his profession, but soon 
engaged in literary work. He was an associate of 
William Cullen Bryant in the editorship of the Even- 
ing Post, and with Miss Booth for some time edited 
Harper's Bazaar. In 1870 he went to Europe in or- 
der to give his children the educational advantages 
of tin' gymnasiums of Heidelberg and Wiesbaden. 
He returned to New York in 1881 and died in 188.?. 
leaving a widow and three children. Miss Catharine 
Maud Tomes is the eldest child of Robert and Cath- 
arine (Fasnet) Tomes. Arthur Lloyd Tomes was 
graduated in Vale College ill 1885 and is practicing 
law 111 Brooklyn. William Austin Tomes is the 
immediate subject of this sketch. Francis Tomes, 
Dr. Tomes' grandfather in the paternal line, was an 
extensive importer in Maiden Lane. New York. He 
had 'elii children: Charles, Francis, Robert, George, 
Benjamin, Mary Elizabeth, who married Edward 
Burkhardt and has lived in Paris, France, for about 
twenty years; Maria, who died unmarried; and Mar- 
garct, who married John II. Iselin, brother of 
Adrian Iselin, of New York. 

Dr. Tomes spent three years .11 Yale College, after 
which he was married, and he was graduated at the 
College of Physicians i\ Surgeons of New York in 
[891 Vfter l\vo year-' interneship in the German 
Hospital, of New York, and threi months in the 



Sloane Maternity Hospital, of New York, he took 
up the work of his profession in Brooklyn and has 
established a general practice. He was for three 
years surgeon at the Tillary Street Dispensary, 
Brooklyn, and since 1895 has been assistant surgeon 
to the Lutheran Hospital at East New York. He is 
a member of the Medical Society of the County of 
Kings, the Long Island Medical Society, the Brook- 
lyn Medical Society, the Associate Physicians of 
Long Island and the New York State Medical So- 
ciety, of the alumni of the New York German Hos- 
pital and of the society of the alumni of the Sloane 
Maternity Llospital. He is also a member of the 
Lincoln and Marine Field Clubs. 

Dr. Tomes married Miss Julia Leavitt Hall, a 
daughter of John Leavitt Hall, of Brooklyn, June 
9, 1887, and has three children, as follows: Valerie 
Gouvernour, William Austin. Jr.. and Yvonne. The 
Doctor and Mrs. Tomes are communicants of St. 
Luke's Episcopal church. High as is Dr. Tomes' 
professional standing, his reputation as a citizen is no 
less creditable. While not a politician and having 
no desire to take any official part in public affairs, 
he is a true son of Brooklyn, solicitous for the 
growth and prosperity of that division of Greater 
New York, and takes a patriotic interest in all pub- 
lic questions. He is a friend of public education 
and a lover of good literature. He gives special 
attention to the literature of his profession and has 
written a number of able papers, which have been 
well received by various bodies and some of which 
have appeared in leading medical and surgical jour- 
nals. 

THE RAPELYE AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 

DESCENDANTS OF J0RIS RAPAI.IE, OF LONG ISLAND. 

According to recent discoveries, Gaspard Colet 
de Rapella (of Rapella), the founder of the Rapalye 
family of America, belonged to the celebrated Co- 
ligny family of France, and was a nephew of Ad- 
miral Colignv. who suffered martyrdom for his re- 
ligious belief at the instigation of Queen Catharine, 
of Navarre, being one of the victims of the massa- 
cre of St. Bartholomew. The titles which he bore 
were Gaspard de Colignv, Marquis de Chatillon, 
Admiral of France, Colonel of French Infantry, 
Governor of Pieardy, Isle de France, Paris and 
Llavre. 

"The house of Colignv was," says a well known 
authority on French heraldry, "next to those of 
Montmorency, Rohan, Leva! and a few others, and, 
always excepting the semi-royal house of Lorraine, 
oik- of the fust in France. The ancestry of the fam- 
ily was traced back to the first Duke of Burgundy. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



In the sixteenth century they had been a great house 
for four hundred years and more. They founded 
the Abbey of Le Mirerir in 1121; those of Mont- 
merle and Crillon in 1202. Humbert de Coligny is 
said to have followed Conrad III in the second Cru- 
sade, but this name does not occur in the Cartulary 
of Jerusalem or in the lists of Families d'Outre 
Mer. * * * The place from which they took their 
name is a small town or village in the department 
of Ain on the line from Lyons to Strasburg, some 
forty miles west of Geneva and twenty-five miles 
north of Main. About one hundred years before 
the birth of Admiral Coligny the family removed 
from Coligny to Chatillon-sur-Loing, from which 
place they took their title. The Admiral's father, 
high in favor with Francis the First, was marshal of 
France, governor of Picardy, lieutenant of the prin- 
cipality of Orange and the county of Guienne." 

Of Admiral Coligny it is said: "He received in 
1577 the Collar of the Order and the command of 
the French Infantry. He acted against the English 
at Boulogne and negotiated the treaty which re- 
stored the place to the French in 1550. In 1557 he 
■commanded the infantry in the campaign of Lor- 
raine and was engaged in the taking of Metz. Soul 
and Verdun, and in the sieges of Rodermark, Dam- 
villiers. Ivry and Montmedy. Fighting under the 
Duke of Vendome in Picardy. he carried by assault 
Hesden and Seronanne. 

"Espousing the cause of the Protestants, he in- 
curred the animosity of Queen Catharine of Xa- 
varre. and was assassinated August 24. 1572. The 
monument erected to his memory recites briefly his 
virtues, his achievements and the honors he had 
won. The armorial bearings of this noble family 
are described as: Coligny- Chatillon: de gueules a 
l'aigle d'argent becquce membree et couronnee 
d'azur ongles d'or couronnee. de due centier; une 
demi-aigle poses de profil. couronnee de becquee 
d'azur. Supports: deux limions, d'argent affrontes 
assis et accoles de gueules. Devise (motto), Je les 
prouve tous. Issue, an dixieme siecle des comtes 
souverains de Bourgogne, cette maison illustre a 
pour chef de nom et d'armes le marquis de Coligny- 
Chatillon an chateau de Choye, Haute-Saone." 

''The origin of the Rapelye family." says a re- 
cent writer in the Brooklyn Eagle, "has often been 
erroneously stated as being of French or Dutch ex- 
traction : but the true origin of the family is Ital- 
ian, they having come from Rapelia, a town in Italy, 
from which place they emigrated to France in the 
fifteenth century. The first mention of the family 
of which we have any detailed account is Gaspard 
Colet de Rapelia. who was a nephew of the cele- 



brated Admiral Coligny. Gaspard Colet was born in 
Chatillon-sur-Loing, a town in France, in 1505. He 
was an officer in the French army, ami a staunch 
Protestant, and during the religious persecutions in 
that country he was compelled to flee to that haven 
of refuge, Holland, in 1548. There he settled and 
married the daughter of Victor Antoine Jansen, or 
in plain English Johnson, of Antwerp, and had 
three children. The first he named after his uncle 
and himself, namely, Gaspard Coligny: the second 
preserved the family name, Abraham Colet; the 
third was a daughter, Briekje, and she married her 
cousin, Victor Honorius Jansen, and bad one son. 
named Abraham, who became an historical painter, 
lie married the daughter of Hans Loedwick, of 
Amsterdam, and had three sons, William, Joris and 
Antoine. 

"The two eldest determined to leave Holland and 
emigrate to America. They sailed from Rochelle, 
in France, in 1623, and settled at Fort Orange, now 
Albany. William died unmarried, but his brother, 
whose full name was Joris Jansen de Rapalie, mar- 
ried Catalynfie Trico, of Paris, France, and. drop- 
ping the name of Jansen, assumed that of Rapalie, 
and became the founder of the entire Rapelye fam- 
ily of this country. The younger brother. Antoine, 
who also emigrated to this country, in 1631, pre- 
served the true family name of Janssen, and was the 
founder of one branch of the family in this country. 

Joris Rapelie removed from Fort Orange to New 
Amsterdam in 1626. and resided there till after the 
birth of his youngest child. On June 16, 1637, he 
bought from the Indians 235 acres of land, called 
Runnegaconck. now embraced within the city of 
Brooklyn. He became the first settler on Long 
Island, and his eldest child, Sara, who was born on 
June o. 1025, was the first wdiite child born on the 
isl uid She married Hans Bergen, and they in turn 
became the founders of the Bergen family of Brook- 
lyn. Joris was the leading man and took a promi- 
nent part in the public affairs of the colony. He 
died soon after the close of the Dutch administra- 
tion, his widow surviving him many years. Their 
children were: 

I. Sara, born June 9. 1625, married first Hans 
Bergen, and secondly Tennis Gysbert Bogert. 

II. Marritie, born March 11, 1627, married Mi- 
chael Van De Voert. 

III. Jannetie, born August 16, 1629, married 
Rem Remsen de Breck. 

IV. Judith, born July 5. 1635. married Peter 
Van Xist. 

V. Jan. born August 28. 1637. married Marya 
Maer, and had no issue. 



170 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



VI. Jacob, born May 28, 1639, was killed by the 
Indians. 

VII. Catalyntie, born March 28. 1641. married 
Joremus Westenhout. 

VIII. Jeronemus. born June 17. 1643, married 
Annetie, daughter of Van Tennis Dennis. 

IX. Annetie, born February 6, 1646, married 
first Martin Ryerse, and secondly Joost Fransz. 

X. Elizabeth, born March 28. 1648, married Cor- 
nelius Derrick Hogeland. 

XI. Daniel, born December 29, 1650, married 
Sara, daughter of Abraham Clock. 

Daniel Rapalie, youngest child of Joris Rapelie, 
was born on Manhattan Island December 29, 1650, 
later removed to Brooklyn, and died there Decem- 
ber 26, 1725. He was a man of high standing and 
respectability, and was an elder in the Brooklyn 
Reformed Dutch church. He married. May 27, 
1674. Sarah, daughter of Abraham Martensen Clock. 
The latter was one of the early proprietors of New 
Amsterdam. His name appears on an old map of 
New Amsterdam, the location being Hanover 
Square, and the tradition being that this name was 
given to it by the family of Daniel Rapelie, by his 
wife. Sara (Clock) Rapelie had issue: Joris, born 
March 4, 1675; Daniel: Catharine, who married 
Joseph Van Clief : Annetie : Mary, who married El- 
bert Hegeman : Sarah, who married Peter Luyster ; 
and Daniel, born March 5, 1691, who married. Octo- 
ber 17, 171 1. Aeltie, a daughter of Johannes Cornell. 
He removed to Newtown and bought the farm on 
Flushing Bay. 

Lieutenant Joris Rapelie, eldest son of Daniel 
and Sara (Clock) Rapelie. was born in Brooklyn 
March 4, 1675. He was the chief brewer of the 
town, held the position of lieutenant in his Majesty's 
forces, and resided in Newtown. In the building of 
the edifice of the Reformed Low Dutch church con- 
gregation of Newtown. December 2. 1731. it is said 
that "encouraging advance having been made in ob- 
taining subscriptions (amounting to £277 12s.), the 
congregation, on May 27. 1732. appointed their 
brethren and faithful friends, Abraham Remsen, 
Isaac Brogaw, Joris Rapelie, Abraham Lent. Nicho- 
las Berrien and Abraham Brinkerhoff, a committee 
to superintend the building of the church, who forth- 
with entered up. hi arrangements ten- the work." 

Lieutenant Joris Rapelie married Agnes, daugh- 
tei ,,1 Cornelius Berrien. He was a man of educa- 
tion and prominence. In 1669 lie settled in Flatbush, 
and in 1685 removed I" Newtown, where during the 
previous year he and his brother-in-law. Abraham 
Brinkerhoff, bought over four hundred acres of land 
at 1 be head of Flushing Bay. Hi- wife was Jannetje, 
daughter of Jan Stryker. Lieutenant Joris Rapelie, 



by his wife Agnes (Berrien) Rapelie, had issue, 
Daniel, Cornelius, Abraham, Jane, John, Jacob and 
Jeromus. 

DESCENDANTS OF JOHN RAPELYE, FIFTH CHILD OF JORIS. 

John Rapelye, fifth child of Lieutenant Joris and 
Agnes (Berrien) Rapelye, was born June n, 171 1. i-i 
the house which his father Joris built. This is still 
standing and in good preservation, being the prop- 
erty of the Elliott family, of Corona. In 1743 John 
and his brother Jeromus bought the paternal estate, 
which they divided, John retaining the farm more 
recently occupied by Robert Willett. He died of 
consumption February 11. 1756. He married, Janu- 
ary 12, 1733, Maria, daughter of Abraham Lent, son 
of Ryck, eldest son of Abraham Rycken, who as- 
sumed the name of Lent. Their children were : 
George, born October 22, 1733; Anna Catrina, born 
August 10, 1736, who married Jacobus Riker; Abra- 
ham, born November 21, 1739: and Daniel, born 
August 15, 1745, who married Ellen, daughter of 
William Livisay. 

George Rapelye, eldest son of John and Maria 
(Lent) Rapelye, was born October 27, 1733. After 
the Revolution he settled at Communipaw, New Jer- 
sey, and on March 22. 1791. was accidentally drowned 
in coming to New York. His remains were recov- 
ered and buried at Communipaw. He married Mary, 
daughter of Colonel Bernard Bloom, of Newtown. 
His widow died June 4, 1819, aged eighty-six, and 
was interred at Newtown. Their children were: 
John, born February 7. 1757: Bernard, born August 
27. 1759; and George, born March 14, 1763. The 
latter married Anna, daughter of Paul Vandervoort, 
and being knocked overboard by the boom of a vessel, 
was drowned in the East river May 28. 1789. leaving 
issue two sons, George and Paul, the first of whom 
was also drowned at New York several years after. 
Thus by a singular fatality a father, son and grand- 
son, each bearing the same name, met a watery 
grave. Paul occupied the farm upon Newtown creek 
formerly owned by Thomas Alsop. 

John Rapelye, eldest child of George and Mary 
(Bloom) Rapelye, was born February 7. 1757. He 
purchased a farm in Newtown from Captain William 
Weyman, and resided in the old farm house, which 
is still standing, being occupied by the son and 
daughters of his son-in-law, Benjamin Moore. He 
married Lemma Boice, of Xew Jersey, and died 
April 5, 1829. She died September 15, 1832. They 
had issue George I.. Jacob, lane, who married Ben- 
jamin Moore, and Mary. The eldest son, George I., 
was born 111 Nova Sen! 1.1. his parents and grandpa- 
rents having gone there with many other loyal- 
ists at the close of the Revolution. Both their sons 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



171 



became two of the most prominent members of the 
Rapelye family. George L, the eldest son, was born 
February 7, 1787, and came with his parents to New- 
town, first locating for a few years at Bowery Bay, 
and afterward purchased Captain William Weyman's 
farm. He lived there for the rest of his life — a 
period of almost ninety years, dying on April 23, 
1883, at the ripe old age of ninety-six years and two 
months. He was familiarly known as "Uncle 
George," and for the latter part of his life was the 
oldest inhabitant of the town. He was a vestryman 
of St. James' Protestant Episcopal church of New- 
town village, and held that and the office of warden 
for a period of sixty years. He held several town 
offices, notably that of commissioner of highways. 
and also inspector of turnpikes. He was the last of 
his generation. 

Jacob Rapelye, the second child of John and 
Lemma (Boice) Rapelye. was born in Newtown 
September 8. 1788. When he was twenty-one years 
of age he became a clerk in the United States Bank 
in New York city, but on the breaking out of the 
war of 1812 he obtained a commission as first lieu- 
tenant of artillery, and was very active in the de- 
fense of New York city. He was afterward ap- 
pointed adjutant to General Izard and did active 
duty throughout the war, and at its close he removed 
to Charleston, South Carolina, and engaged in the 
dry-goods business. In 1816 he received the appoint- 
ment of deputy secretary of state of South Carolina. 
During the insurrection of the negroes in that state 
Mr. Rapelye was placed by the governor on a com- 
mittee of investigation, and he did much in restoring 
public safety. 

In 1828 Mr. Rapelye settled in Brooklyn and 
made his home at the corner of Atlantic avenue and 
Clinton street, where the South Brooklyn Savings 
Bank now stands. After living there for many years 
he removed to 145 Columbia Heights. When he 
came to Brooklyn he entered into the real-estate 
business, with Mr. Charles Hoyt as his partner, and 
he was largely instrumental in the widening and 
improvement of Atlantic avenue and in the opening 
of Clinton and Court streets. He was also inter- 
ested in the establishing of South Ferry and did 
much to further the work. In 1837 he invented a 
machine to clean the streets, the brooms of which 
were on long arms which revolved like a windmill ; 
but on its first trial it was destroyed by an angry 
mob who thought that its, use would throw them 
out of employment ! 

Mr. Rapelye, in connection with Cornelius J. 
Bergen and Alexander Bergen, took a very active 
part in the opening of that part of South Brooklyn 
that is near Carroll Park. In 1853 he bought one 



hundred acres of land at Newtown and named the 
tract Laurel Hill. There Mr. Rapelye built himself 
a fine mansion and made it his home up to the time 
of his death, August 21, 1867. Always of a kindly 
and charitable disposition, he possessed many friends. 
He was identified with the Protestant Episcopal 
church, and rendered material aid toward the build- 
ing of St. Luke's, the first St. John's and Emanuel 
churches of Brooklyn. He married, September 9, 
1818, Elizabeth Van Mater, and had issue: Mar- 
garet, born December 11, 1819; Lemma Ann, born at 
Laurel Hill September 17, 1821, and died January 31. 
1824: Catharine, born at Charleston, South Carolina, 
December 26, 1822. and died at Newtown December 
18, 1895; John, born in Newtown December 30. 1824, 
died December 10, 1825 ; Gilbert Van Mater, born at 
Newtown August 18, 1826. and resides at Rhinebeck, 
New York; John, born August 4. 1828. and died 
August 10, 1844: Augustus, born March 29, 1830, 
and died February 7, 1900; Lemma Ann, born Sep- 
tember 11, 1831. and died November 26, 1874' Mary 
Elizabeth, born June 11, 1833, died May 29. 1866; 
and Jane Moore, born September 28, 1839, and died 
September 17, 1883. 

Augustus Rapelye, seventh child of Jacob and 
Elizabeth (Van Mater) Rapelye, was born in Brook- 
lyn March 29. 1S30. and died February 7. 1900. After 
his father's death he resided for some years at Laurel 
Hill, where bis father had previously settled. In 
June, 1885, he married Miss Helen Schroeder, of 
Woodside, a daughter of Herman Schroeder, of an 
old and highly honored family of German descent. 
Mr. Rapelye in 1890 removed to Newtown village 
and purchased the Sackett-Moore place, where he 
resided until his death. For many years he con- 
ducted a real-estate business in New York, but about 
1890 he retired from active business life and occu- 
pied his time with his many home pursuits. He was 
a public-spirited man and took an active interest in 
town and church affairs. For a number of years 
he was a member of the board of education for dis- 
trict No. 1 of the old town of Newtown, and on the 
retirement of Judge Garretson from the presidency 
of the board he was elected to that position, con- 
tinuing until the consolidation of the town with 
Greater New York. He took a great interest in the 
school and was a most active and useful member of 
the board. In church affairs he was one of the most 
distinguished laymen in the Protestant Episcopal 
diocese of Long Island. For some years he was 
warden and treasurer of St. James' church, of Elm- 
hurst, of which he had been a faithful member for 
many years, and was the chairman of all the impor- 
tant committees of the vestry of that church. He 
was a member and secretary of the standing com- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



mittee of the diocese of Long Island, and was one 
of its trustees as well as a member of the mission- 
ary committee. He was a lay delegate from St. 
James' church to the arch-deaconry of Queens and 
Nassau in 1898, and was a delegate to the general 
convention of the Protestant Episcopal church in 
America, held in Washington, D. C. He was treas- 
urer of the jubilee fund of thirty thousand dollars, 
which was added to the Episcopal fund of the dio- 
cese to celebrate the twenty-fifth anniversary of 
Bishop Littlejohn's episcopate. Mr. Rapelye was 
an intimate and confidential friend of the bishop, and 
was greatly respected and esteemed by all the clergy 
throughout the diocese. 

At the time of Mr. Rapelye's death the standing 
committee of the diocese of Lung Island paid a grace- 
ful tribute to his memory by a series of resolutions, 
beautifully engrossed, which were presented to his 
widow. The following, from these, show the esti- 
mate in which he was held by his associates in the 
diocese : "A layman of such exalted personal worth ; 
so useful to the community, so devout and helpful 
as a son of the church ; so ambitious for the exten- 
sion of the heavenly kingdom. — was truly an im- 
portant factor in any diocesan life; was an enthusias- 
tic friend and supporter of all measures and agencies 
which he believed would promote the interests of 
the Redeemer's cause within these borders." 

Mr. Rapelye was also connected with St. Paul's 
church in Woodside, in which he was an active and 
prominent worker. He was also in charge of a mis- 
sion Sunday-school at Laurel Hill, where he did 
much good work. He was a member of the Long 
Island Historical Society, and was prominently con- 
nected with the Holland Society of New York, of 
which he had been a member ever since its organiza- 
tion. He was likewise one of the organizers and a 
member of the board of directors and secretary of 
the Citizens' Water Supply Company of Newtown. 

As a public-spirited citizen and a noble-hearted 
Christian, Mr. Rapelye held a prominent place in 
the community. He was a fit representative of a fam- 
ily that helped to plant the standard of Christianity 
on Long Island, and his name will ever be kept in 
remembrance by those with whom he was so long 
1 ted 

F 1 \PTAIN IW111 5 RAPELIE, YOUNGEST CHILD 

OF Mil ll.wwr [ORIS NX " ^GNES (BERRIEN) RA- 
PELIE (jORIS, DANIEL, JORIS). 

Captain Jeromus Rapelie, youngest child of Lieu- 
tenant Joris ami Agnes 1 Berrienl Rapelie, was born 
September [4, 171;. lie boughl the homestead half 
of tin- paternal farm mi Flushing bay, ami succeeded 
in fathi r 111 business. He held a commission as cap- 



tain of militia, was a man of great resolution and 
energy, and is said to have been a man of large and 
heavy frame, while his wife was remarkable for her 
diminutiveness. He married Wyntie, a daughter of 
Abraham Lent, a son of Ryck, eldest son of Abra- 
ham Rycken, who assumed the name of Lent. 

An interesting incident is related of Wyntie Ra- 
pelie, showing the strong political differences that 
divided neighbors and friends at the beginning of 
the Revolution. Mrs. Maria Rapalie, mother of 
George Rapalie and grandmother of the last Cor- 
nelius, was spending a social afternoon with her 
neighbor, the wife of Captain Jeromus Rapelie. At 
the tea table the good hostess had prepared to serve 
up her choicest tea, not recognizing the right of 
congress to deprive her of her favorite beverage. 
But her guest, who entertained opposite views, de- 
clined to partake, and upon being pressed for her 
reason, replied : "Cousin Wyntie, I cannot do it ; it's 
against my principles." Overcome by a sense of their 
unhappy position, both fell to weeping. Mrs. Rapelie 
adhered to her purpose, though the two friends lived 
to drink tea together in more auspicious times. 

Captain Jeromus Rapelie, by his wife Wyntie 
(Lent) Rapelie, had issue: George, born December 
12, 1739; Abraham, born December 10. 1741 ; Daniel, 
born November 27, 1743, died September 9, 1762; 
Jacobus, born February 15, 1 74' ' : Cornelius, born 
August 10, 1748; Jeromus, born August 23, 1751 ; 
and John, born March 9, 1755, and died September 
9- 1/76. 

Cornelius Rapelie, fifth child of Captain Jero- 
mus and Wyntie (Lent) Rapelie. was born at New- 
town August to. 1748, resided in Newtown until the 
close of the war, and then went to Nova Scotia and 
remained some years. On his return he took charge 
of the tavern (now- the Rapelye House), which he 
carried on until his death. He married. November 
17, 17S0. Maria, daughter of his cousin, Jacobus 
Rtker. 

Jacobus Riker was born in 1736 and named after 
his uncle, Jacob Van Alst. He remained on the pa- 
ternal farm at Newtown. He married, February 
20, 1761. Anna Catrina, daughter of John Rapelye, 
and May 1. 1770. after his father's death, bought the 
homestead. In the Revolution he desired to take no 
part, and only by circumstances and influences pe- 
culiarly adverse was he found, like many others, to 
yield an apparent compliance with loyalist measures. 
Rut his observation and own bitter experience during 
that reign of terror had the effect of attaching him 
firmly to the Republican party, with which from the 
peace of 17S3 he uniformly acted in exercising the 
right of suffrage. He was a man of considerable 
ingenuity, and thoroughly Dutch in language and 




^fTT^ZccLj 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



173 



habits. Faithful in the practice of useful industry, 
prudence and strict integrity, he enjoyed the respect 
and confidence of his fellow townsmen. He served 
as an elder in the Dutch church at Newtown. Maria, 
his eldest child, born March 27, 1762, was married 
to Cornelius Rapelye. Jacob Riker was the son of 
Abraham (3d), son of Abraham (2d), sun of Abra- 
ham Riker, the ancestor. 

Cornelius Rapelye, by his wife Maria (Riker) 
Rapelye, had issue: Grace, born August 20, 1782; 
Jeromus, burn May 27. 1784, at Newtown; Jeromus, 
born at Shelburn. Nova Scotia. May 27, 1788; James 
Riker, born in Nova Scotia, January 3, 1790; and 
George, born in Newtown February 15, [793. 

George Rapelye, the last mentioned, was born in 
Newtown February 15. 1793. and became a promi- 
nent Xew York merchant and carried on the whole- 
sale grocery business on Catharine street for many 
years, where he accumulated a fortune. He owned a 
fine residence on Madison street, which was then a 
fashionable part of the city, making his summer resi- 
dence at the present Rapelye homestead in Astoria. 
He married Jane Maria, daughter of James and 
Adrianne Suydam, son of Captain Lambert, son of 
Hendrick (2d), son of Hendrick Rycken. 

Hendrick Rycken, a member of the Riker family, 
came from Suydam, Holland, in 1665, and settled in 
New Amsterdam, at what was called Smith's Fly, 
where he purchased a house and land in 1678. He 
removed to Flatbush with his wife, Ida Jacobs, and 
acquired a large estate. His children took the name 
of Suydam. 

Hendrick Suydam. son of Hendrick Rycken, be- 
came a farmer at Bedford (a part of Brooklyn), 
where he bought a farm of his father in 1698. He 
died subsequent to 1743. By his wife Bennetie he 
had Lambert Hendrick (3d) and Elsie. 

Captain Lambert Suydam, eldest child of Hen- 
drick I 2d ) and Bennetie his wife, resided at Bedford. 
In 1740 he was commissioned captain of the Kings 
county troop of horse. He died in 1767. He married 
Abigail Lefferts and had Hendrick, Bennetie, Jane, 
Ida and Jacobus. 

Jacobus Suydam was born at Bedford December 
4. 1758, became a New York merchant and resided 
at Bedford. In 1794 he bought the estate of William 
Lawrence, in Newtown, and lived there until his 
death, June 11, 1S25. He married Adriana, daughter 
of Captain Cornelius Rapelye. and had issue: Lam- 
bert. Cornelius Rapelye, Abigail, Adriana, James, 
Jane Maria and Henry. 

Jane Maria married George Rapelye, and had a 
son named Cornelius. 

Cornelius Rapelye, only child of George and Jane 



Maria ( Suydam ) Rapelye, was born in New York 
November 16, 1833. His mother died during his 
early childhood, and he was raised by his aunt. Grace 
Rapelye Trafford, who did her best to supply the 
place of a mother. She was the widow of John 
Trafford, and her son became prominent in the pub- 
lic affairs of Astoria and did much for its growth 
and development. He purchased a set of chimes 
for the Church of the Redeemer, with the request 
that his remains should be buried in the churchyard 
and that these chimes should be rung on each recur- 
ring anniversary of his birthday. This request lias 
been strictly observed, and the set of bells are known 
as the "'Trafford chimes." Cornelius Rapelye. under 
the careful training of his aunt, grew up an exem- 
plary youth. A certificate of his scholarship has 
been preserved, which shows his good standing at 
school. It reads: "Monthly Certificate of Appro- 




Awarded to Cornelius Rapelye of the Fifth Class 
for his Industry. Punctuality and Good Deportment 
during the past four weeks. [Isaac F. Bragg. Prin 
cipal.]" It is an old proverb, "Show me the boy and 
I'll show you the man," and it proved true in his 
case. He was not obliged to labor for a living. 
having inherited an ample fortune; but he was never 
idle and his time was profitably employed. He was 
punctual in all his engagement-, and his good de- 
portment was shown in his daily walk and conversa- 
tion, which was that of a true gentleman, — courteous, 
kind, considerate and obliging. It might be truly 
said of him, 

'His life was gentle: and the elements 
•So mixed in him that Nature might stand up 
And say to all the world, This was a man. 

He was quiet and reserved and of an even tempera- 
ment. He won the confidence of his fellow men 



174 



HISTORY OF LOXG ISLAND. 



without an effort. His words had no uncertain 
sound or double meaning. 

Astoria, the home of his childhood and manhood, 
owes much to him as a public-spirited citizen. He 
not only encouraged but was an active promoter of 
all public improvements, and had great confidence 
in the future of his native town. Of a modest and 
retiring disposition, he could not be induced to ac- 
cept public honors, but was generous in his support 
of friends who did accept them. In his works of 
benevolence and charity he followed the injunction, 
"Let not thy right hand know what thy left hand 
doeth." He accepted offices of trust and responsi- 
bility in his business connections where he felt that 
he could be useful. He was president of the Astoria 
Ferry Company for many years and a director in 
other corporations. 

He was long an elder in the Astoria Reformed 
Dutch church, to which he was at all times a liberal 
contributor, and when the church edifice was de- 
stroyed by fire he was foremost in the work of erect- 
ing the new church edifice, being a member of the 
building committee. At the time of his death, No- 
vember 20. 1890, the consistory of the church adopted 
the following resolutions : 

Whereas. Almighty God. our heavenly Father, by 
I lis messenger Death has, in His inscrutable providence, 
removed from the midst of us our brother. Elder Cornel- 
ius Rapelye, 

Resolved, That while we know and are sure that 
"He doeth all things well." and "will have compassion 
according to the multitude of his mercies," yet we can- 
not refrain from giving some expression to our sense of 
the great loss sustained by his family and friends, the 
Church and this church in particular. An earnest, up- 
right man. a true and affectionate husband, a consistent 
and devoted elder, a firm and faithful friend has obeyed 
the call of the Master, Come up higher." 

Resolved, That in the consistent walk and conver- 
.:i tii hi <'l l-'.lder K.ipely. and in his unostentatious devo- 
tion to the spiritual and temporal welfare of the church, 
he has shown an example worthy of being followed by 
those with whom he had been intimately and harmon- 
1 iated for so many ; ear,. 
Ri iolved, lli.it 1 onsistory extend to his family its 

:re ;ympathy, with earne t prayers that the Saviour 

will 11. t. mi them in theii affliction. And, rejoicing in 
not even as others 
which have no hope, and in the firm belief that we 
hall one dat meel again « ith .ill tin ■ lo\ ed ones gone 
before \t< to air bri ithi r ' 1 inly ' 1 !ood night, ' be- 

• ■ I an well 

Re olved I lial tin at tion In . rded in the min- 

■ 1 .tut and in the minutes 1 il the Eldership, 



1, li.il ,11 



Referring 



.111 hi' entertained 

'In the -'I "i res 



pul 



pasti ir, for 
rmesl friendship, said: 
framed by consistory, 



the word 'unostentatious' occurs. It is a word pecu- 
liarly expressive of our brother's character. For 
nearly two years, though his pastor and intimate 
friend, I did not discover anything unusual in the 
quiet and simple life he led. Then slowly it began 
to dawn upon me that here was one of the most 
widely misunderstood of men. One by one, ten by 
ten, I began to stumble over the recipients of his 
bounty. Men whom he had made, I found, and 
many of them too. He would not speak about it; he 
would almost resent the intrusion of a word con- 
cerning his benefactions : but, that he was no unim- 
portant factor in the helping and healing agencies 
of the world, and that he conscientiously distributed 
far more upon others than he cared to use upon him- 
self, let the hungry whom he has fed, the homeless 
whom he has sheltered, the unfortunate whom he has 
rescued, this day testify. 

"In little matters he was particular, precise, a man 
of methodical habit and conservative taste. When 
he bought, he bought his money's worth, and could 
not endure to be cheated. But in matters of mo- 
ment and largest concern, easy, generous, untroubled 
over loss, and (what to my mind is evidence of lofty 
character) never dictator}- wdiere he had given large- 
ly and had every right to dictate. 

"Witness his connection- with this church. Nine- 
teen years ago he made confession of his faith, and 
became a member of this family. Five years later 
he was elected deacon, and five years subsequent to 
that he was ordained elder. In the letter of accept- 
ance which he wrote on the occasion of his election 
to the deaconate this significant sentence occurred: 
'The Master's cause will be strengthened, and our 
church prospered, if anything I can do or say will 
help. The underscoring ('our church') is his own, 
and indicates how complete even then was his iden- 
tification with the work of Christ as carried forward 
by this church. How he loved its services! How he 
cherished its fellowship! — SO faithful he was to its 
every meeting, so fond of its music, so quietly appre- 
ciative of all the things good that came from the 
pulpit or the pew! More enthusiastic than was his 
nature he appeared, on the occasion of his return to 
us this fall. 'So good to be home again.' he said : 
'so blessed to sit in the dear church again, and join 
in the worship of Cud!' Perhaps he may have had 
some premonition of trouble; perhaps he began to 
look upon this church as. in some sense, the monu- 
ment which he had builded. Il would have been a 
work impossible without his aid; it would even now 
be groaning under the burden of debt, had he not 
quietly and all unsolicited interposed with the guar- 
anty of a slim exceeding his first munificent sub- 
scription." 



HISTORY OF LOXG ISLAND. 



177. 



Referring to his public efforts and personal rela- 
tions, his pastor said : 

"While never actively engaged in business life, he 
still found abundant occupation in the management 
of the estates to which he-had fallen heir. Nor was 
there wanting an interest in matters of public bene- 
factions, and in those affairs which naturally con- 
cern the citizen. It is perhaps forgotten by tins 
time that he was largely, if not chiefly, instrumental 
toward the completion of those enterprises which 
had been originated and promoted by his cousin, the 
late Cornelius Rapelye Trafford ( with whom was 
associated the late Stephen A. Halsey and others), 
such as the laying of sidewalks, the setting of lamps 
and the general improvement of the village before it 
became a part of Long Island City. He was also one 
of the incorporators of the Hunters Point and Stein- 
way Horse Car line, as also one of the first to re- 
spond in almost every matter of public concern. The 
Astoria ferry owes its present development and pros- 
perous condition largely to the courage with which 
he undertook its resuscitation at a time when its 
affairs were critical. He had faith enough to cling 
to it. and foresight to know that ultimately it would 
prosper. At the time of his death he was president 
of the company, an honored member of the Citizens' 
Committee, as also of the Law and Order Society, 
out of which the citizens' committee grew ; he was 
ever ready to aid in its work, with advice where ad- 
vice was needed, with money where money would 
help. In politics, a Democrat, and loyal to In- party, 
he could nevertheless be independent of party lines, 
a warm advocate of law and order, a citizen zealous 
for the public weal. 

"Concerning his character and private life I feel I 
can speak, if not with authority, at any rate with ap- 
preciation. For nearly six years past, an intimate ac- 
quaintance in the home, in the church, and in the offi- 
cial board of the church, has given me excellent op- 
portunity for knowing him and abundant reasons 
for loving him. From the day when first I came to 
Astoria— when his kindly word decided my accept- 
ance of your call to this pastorate — up to the day 
of death, I have received from him uniform courtesy : 
gentlemanly consideration always, and, when I have 
needed it for personal or parish work, the mo sub 
Stantial encouragement, the most gratifying friend- 
ship. His was no gushing manner which g 
ise of what he could not perform, but the plain, un- 
pretentious bearing that begets no enthusiasm per- 
haps, but what is far better, a confident assurance 
that he will do what he has agreed to do thai he 
am do very much more. Had he been smitten with 
a love for vulgar conspicuousness, what great dis- 
play he might easily have made— what abundant op- 



portunity to make what the world calls a 'figure' in 
life! But wh(3 that knew him ever found hint of 
boastfulness or swagger? Who ever found him of- 
fensively assertive' As natural for him to be un- 
assuming and modest as to be steady, honest and 
gentle." 

.Mr. Rapelye loved the old home of his ancestors 
at Astoria, but he purchased a beautiful summer 
residence at Kidder's on Cayuga Lake, where he 
spent many happy days with her wdio had been his 
life-long partner and helpmeet. Before her marriage 
she was Miss Lydia L. Hyatt, daughter of John B. 
Hyatt, of Newtown, and Ann Burroughs, daughter 
of Thomas and Sarah Burroughs. The Burroughs 
family have filled an important place in the history 
of the world. Among the first of the name men- 
tioned is that of Captain Stephen Burroughs, an 
English navigator, who accompanied Chancellor as 
second in command in his voyage to discover a north- 
east pas-age around the eastern continent in 1553. 
Three years later he had chief command of another 
expedition equipped witli the same object. Me dou- 
bled Cape North, touched at Nova Zembla, discov- 
ered the island Wygaltz and reached north latitude 
seventy degrees three minutes. — a higher point than 
had been reached by any previous navigator. He 
published in England an account of his obsi rvations. 
He was the first who observed the declination of the 
magnetic needle. 

The following armorial bearings were granted 
June 27, 15S6, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, to 
William Burroughs, Esq. : "Clerk and comptroller 
of the Queen's Navy, son of Walter Burroughs, at 
Northam, near Barnstable in the county of Devon." 
\ ! \-ure; a bend wavy; argent, between two 
fleurs de lis,* ermine. The family of Burroughs have: 
been highly honored by their sovereigns at different 
periods, and always distinguished lor their loyalty 
and great learning. 

John Burroughs, the progenitor of the American 
family of this name, was born in Dorsetshire, Eng- 
land, in 1617, and is found at Salem in the Massa- 
chusetts Bay Colony in 1642. He was a member of 
the long parliament that assembled November 3, 
[640, which was dissolved by Cromwell, and with 
many others fled from England to escape religious 
persecution. He removed from Salem. Massachu- 
etts, to Newtown, Long Island, of which he was 
one of the patentees in 1666. He was a fine penman, 
and filled the office of town clerk for eleven years. 
He was a man of resolute character and a warm 
advocate of popular rights. He died in August, 
1678. His will is on record in the surrogate's office 
m Xew York city. He left issue Jeremiah, Joseph, 
John, Joanna and Mary. 



176 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Joseph Burroughs, son of John (ist). was a wor- 
thy citizen and a liberal supporter of the Presby- 
terian church. He died February 16, 1738. His son, 
John Burroughs, married Margaret, daughter of 
James Renne. He served the next year as constable 
of the town, and was subsequently justice of the 
peace. He owned land at Trenton, New Jersey, and 
was also interested in the New Cornwall mines. He 
died in Newtown July 7, 1750, and his widow died 
July II, 1767. Their children were John, Samuel 
and Joanna. 

John Burroughs (2d), son of John (ist). mar- 
ried, April 26, 1747, Sarah Hunt, then the widow 
Smith. He inherited the paternal farm, and died 
February 1S, 1755, leaving an only child. Joseph. 
The latter occupied the paternal estate, was a lead- 
ing man in the F.piscopal church, and died December 
24, 1820, in his seventy-third year. He was twice 
married, — first to Lydia, a daughter of Thomas Hal- 
litt, by whom he had issue John. Thomas, Joseph 
Hallitt, Anna and Benjamin. 

Thomas Burroughs, son of Joseph, succeeded to 
the paternal farm, and married Sarah, daughter of 
George Wyckoff, of Flatlands. He died September 
2u. 1835, leaving issue: Lydia. who married George 
Rapelye; Sarah, who married Charles H. Roach; 
Joseph ; and Ann. who married John B. Hyatt ; and 
George Wyckoff Burroughs. Ann became the mother 
of I.ylia Hyatt, who became the wife of Cornelius 
Rapelye, and still resides at the old homestead in 
Astoria. 

EUGENE F. PEARCE, M. D. 

On the list of medical practitioners of Brooklyn 
appears the name of Dr. Pearce, who is one of the 
native sons of the city, his birth having taken place 
here on the 12th of September. 1S58. His parents 
were Frederick and Margaret (Keane) Pearce, the 
former a native of England and the latter of Ire- 
land. Tn (he public schools he obtained his elemen- 
tary education, which was supplemented by study in 
Adelphi and a course 111 the New York Univer- 
sity, in which institution he was graduated with the 
valedictory honors of tin- class of 1S81. He won 
In degrei of medicine in the Long Island College 
Hospital, in 1883. and for a year thereafter was 
.1 iociated with the well known surgeon. Dr. At- 
1 in on. of Brooklyn, adding to bis theoretical knowl- 
edge by a practical experience that well fitted him 
for the responsible duties of bis chosen profession. 
Entering upon general practice hi has been very suc- 
cessful and has received the patronage of many of 
the best families in the section of Brooklyn where 
he makes bis bonus I I, is s member of lb,- Med- 



ical Society of the County of Kings, the Kings Coun- 
ty Medical Association and for several years was as- 
sistant sanitary inspector in the health department of 
Brooklyn. 

The Doctor was married February 3. 1885, to 
Miss Emily S. Lyons, a daughter of Charles Lyons, 
of Closter, New Jersey, and unto them have been 
born three children: Frederick, Edna and Harry. The 
Doctor is socially connected with the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows and is past grand of Mon- 
tauk Lodge, No. 114, I. O. O. F. He is also past 
president of the order of Sons of St. George, and is 
a member of the Royal Arcanum. 

GEORGE C. CASE. 

Among the prominent lawyers of Brooklyn is 
George Carman Case, who was born at Flatbush, 
Long Island, on the 30th of October, 1865. His 
father, John A. Case, is now living and is a native 
of Brooklyn. The ancestry of the family can be 
traced back to John Case, who came to America in 
1657, locating at Hartford, Connecticut. Subsequent- 
ly he removed to Massacoe. now Simsbury, Con- 
necticut, and represented the latter town in the gen- 
eral court. One of the ancestors of our subject be- 
came a judge of the court of common pleas and re- 
moved to Ohio, where he reared a family of sons 
who became prominent jurists. Another representa- 
tive of the name was Rufus Case, who served as a 
judge in the United States court of Ohio. The 
grandfather of our subject was Richard Case, who 
was a metal-worker and seventy years ago came 
with his family to Flatbush. He was accompanied 
by John A. Case, the father of our subject, who 
learned the trade of metal-working and ultimately 
succeeded to the business which his father estab- 
lished and which he is still conducting. The enter- 
prise is located in Flatbush and is one of the leading 
industries in that part of the island. Mr. Case is a 
very active and prominent member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and is a valued representative of 
the Masonic fraternity. He married Miss Elizabeth 
Curman. of an old Hempstead family, and she is 
still living and is active in the work of the church 
and Sunday-school. This worthy couple became the 
parents of five children, but George Carman is now 
the only survivor of the family. 

Mr. Case, of this review, received the rudiments 
of his education at the public schools of his native 
town. After graduating in turn from the select 
school of Rev. Robert G. Strong and Erasmus Hall 
Academy, he took a special course of two years 
under Professor Amos Clark, of Rrooklyn. New 
York. In 1SS0 he entered the law office of William 




&oc^^a£- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



J. Gaynor, now supreme court judge, remaining as 
managing clerk until 1884, when he entered New 
York University Law School, graduating in 1885. He 
was admitted to the bar, and commenced practice 
in Brooklyn with Hon. Mark D. Wilbur, United 
States district attorney under. President Cleveland. 
Later he occupied offices with William B. Davenport. 
In January, 1888, he formed a partnership with 
Charles S. Taber, of Brooklyn, and in June following 
married and spent four months in European travel. 
Mr. Case enjoys a large corporation practice, being 
counsel of the Wilbur Agency, various paper manu- 
factures, and twine and cordage manufactures, the 
Germania Real Estate and Land Improvement Com- 
pany, of New York, and the Brooklyn Lumber Com- 
pany. He has made a specialty of the law of me- 
chanics' liens, taxation and assessment frauds and 
trusts. In the action brought against the city of 
Brooklyn to foreclose mechanics' liens against the 
public schools, in which he was appointed referee by 
Judge Cullen, and in which the hearings continued 
for two years with a great mass of testimony taken, 
his decisions were accepted without dissent or oppo- 
sition. After a three years' fight in behalf of the 
people adjacent to the Hospital for Contagious Dis- 
eases he obtained judgment against the city of 
Brooklyn for seventy thousand dollars. He has ap- 
peared before the court of appeals in a number of 
successful cases, involving large interests. He has 
charge of large will contests, and has a very exten- 
sive corporation practice. In addition to his work at 
the bar he is a director of the Flatbush Trust Com- 
pany, but his time is mostly given to his practice, 
which is now a very important one and of large 
volume. 

On the 6th of June, 1888, occurred the marriage 
of Mr. Case and Miss Eva G. Austin, a daughter of 
Joel J. Austin, of Brooklyn. They have two chil- 
dren, Ethel A. and Helen G. They attend the Grace 
Methodist Episcopal church, of which Mr. Case is a 
trustee. He is a charter member of the Midwood, 
Montauk, Crescent and Logan Clubs, the Knicker- 
bocker Field Club, National Provident Union, Ep- 
worth League, Aetna Historical Society of Brook- 
lyn, Boston and Brooklyn Law Associations, and 
the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences. 

ALFRED D. SEAVER, D. D. S. 

Dr. Alfred Drew Seaver. who is located for the 
practice of dentistry at No. 154 Berkley place. Brook- 
lyn, is a native of the neighboring state of New Jer- 
sey, his birth having occurred in Newark on the 17th 
of September. 1866. His parents, Joseph A. and 
Mary (Haulenbeek") Seaver, are natives of Roxbury, 



Massachusetts, and Roseville, New Jersey, respective- 
ly. For many years the father has been successfully 
engaged in business as a stock broker, but his mother 
is deceased, having passed away in the year 1875. 

Dr. Seaver, of this review, pursued his education 
in tin- public schools of Newark and in high school 
No. 9, of Brooklyn, at which he was graduated. For 
six years after leaving school he was connected with 
the stock brokerage business, and then entered the 
New York College of Dentistry* with a desire to 
make the profession his life work, pursuing the regu- 
lar studies which form the curriculum of that insti- 
tution, and was graduated in 1889, and his superior 
proficiency is indicated by the fact that he secured 
the medal for operative dentistry and received hon- 
orable mention for the gold medal for that year. He 
then began the practice of his profession in Brook- 
lyn, and -nice 1890 has maintained his office at No. 
1=4 Berkley place. He has a large general practice, 
for his high standing while in college was an indi- 
cation "f the excellent work which he has done in 
practice. He possesses high skill and ability, and is 
now a valued member of the Second District Dental 
Society and the Brooklyn Dental Society. 

On the 2(1 of February. 1886, he enlisted in Com- 
pany F, Twenty-third Regiment of the New York 
National Guard, and served until March 6, 1893, 
with the exception of the two years which he spent 
in college. The Doctor and his wife are members 
of the Presbyterian church, and he belongs to Altair 
Lodge, No. 601, F. & A. M.. the Junior Order of 
United American Mechanics, the Montauk Club, the 
Marine and Field Club, the Ridge Club, of Bay 
Ridge, and the Baltusrol Golf Club, of Short Hills, 
New Jersey. 

P. CHALMERS JAMESON, M. D. 

It is the tendency of the age to devote one's en- 
tire energies to a special line, continually working" 
upward and concentrating his efforts toward ac- 
complishing a desired end. Among those who have 
won prominence in their chosen line of endeavor is 
I)r Jameson, one of the leading oculists of Brook- 
lyn. He is a native of Scotland, born in Kirkcaldy, 
Fifeshire, September -»_>, 1867,, ami is a son of Rev. 
Charles and Grace (Chalmers) Jameson. On the 
maternal side he is a grand-nephew of Rev. Thomas 
Chalmers, D. P.. who took such a leading part in re- 
ligious affairs in Scotland in the early part of the 
nineteen lb century. 

Dr. James. .11 attended the Cham-navy school in 
old Aberdeen from 1877 to 1879: the Glasgow high 
school from 1879 to 1881 : and Merchiston Castle, 
Edinburgh, from 1881 to 1S84. In the latter year he 
crossed the Atlantic and took up his residence in 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Brooklyn, where he afterward matriculated . in the 
Long Island College Hospital, Dr. William M. 
Hutchinson being his preceptor, and was graduated 
in 1892. He immediately entered upon the practice 
of his profession, making a specialty of diseases of 
the eye, in which he has been highly successful. 

The Doctor has acted as house physician in the 
Brooklyn Hospital, is visiting ophthalmic surgeon 
to the Brooklyn Hospital, bacteriologist to the 
Brooklyn Eye and Ear Hospital, assistant surgeon 
to the Brooklyn Eye and Ear Hospital, ophthalmic 
surgeon to the St. Giles Home for Cripples, oph- 
thalmologist to the Concord Street Home for Wo- 
men and Children, and in the past has served as 
house surgeon of the Brooklyn Hospital, assistant 
demonstrator of anatomy in the Long Island Col- 
lege Hospital, ophthalmic surgeon of the Brooklyn 
City Dispensary, ophthalmic surgeon in the Eastern 
District Hospital and ophthalmic surgeon in the 
Brooklyn Throat Hospital. Dr. Jameson is also the 
author of several original papers, has contributed to 
medical journals, and has written among others the 
following observations on "The Prophylaxis of 
Ophthalmia Neonatorum," "Notes on the Bacteri- 
ology of the Conjunctival Sac and its Bearing on 
Surgical Procedure." "The Bacteriologic Elements 
in the Etiology of Acute Catarrhal Conjunctivitis," 
"The Treatment of Trachoma by Superficial Grat- 
tage, with Notes upon a New Instrument Devised 
for the Purpose." 

The Doctor was married June 20, 1894. to Miss 
Jane Hanmer, daughter of Robert Hanmer, of 
Brooklyn, and to them has been born a daughter, 
Jeanetta Chalmers. 

JOHN H. MANNING, M. D. S. 

One of the most active members of the Second 
District Dental Society of the state of New York is 
Dr. John II. Hanning. who was born in Brooklyn, 
February 6, 1X1.7. and is a sou of William Henry 
and Adelia (Cosine) Manning, the former a native 
of Brooklyn and the latter of New York. The fa- 
ther is still living, but the mother passed away 
September 2, [899. She traced her ancestry in di- 
rect line back lo William III of Holland. Her par- 
ents were William Ellsworth and Julia Ann (Hal- 
stead) Cosine, and the latter was a daughter of 
Briggs and Catherine (Brower) Halstead. Cath- 
erine Brower was a daughter of Jacob and \.gnes 
(Brewer) Brower and her father was a son of 
Isaac and Jemmima (Quackenbush) Brower, Isaac 
Brower was a son of Vdolphus and Fanchie (Far- 
don) Brower, and the parents of Vdolphus were 
.lac. .bus and \iu.1m (Bogardu 1 Brower. The latter 



was a daughter of Dominie Evardus and Anneke 
(Jans) Bogardus, who were most prominent in the 
early Dutch colony of New Amsterdam, the latter be- 
ing a granddaughter of William III of Holland. 
The Doctor's father, William Henry Hanning, is a 
son of William Buttry and Ruth Anna (Dickinson) 
Hanning, and his grandparents were the Rev. Alex- 
ander and Abigail ( Sutliff) Hanning. Rev. Alex- 
ander was a son of the Rev. John Hanning, who 
came from Dumfries, Scotland. The Doctor's grand- 
mother. Ruth Anna Dickinson, was a daughter of 
John and Ruth Seely (Bumstead) Dickinson, and the 
latter was a daughter of John and Ruth (Seely) 
Bumstead. Ruth Seely's parents were John and 
Ruth Bumstead, early settlers of Westbury, Long 
Island. Captain John Dickinson Hanning. of the 
Second Rhode Island Cavalry, was an uncle of the 
Doctor. Captain Hanning served with General 
Banks through the Louisiana and Red River cam- 
paign in the war of secession, and was especially 
commended for scouting and personal bravery under 
fire. 

Dr. Hanning, of this review, is the eldest of three 
children. His brother, William Howard, was born 
February 7. 1869. in the twentieth ward of Brook- 
lyn, and was married in 1895, to Florence Downing, 
of this city. George Clarence, the youngest of the 
family, was burn in the third ward of Brooklyn, 
December 30, 1885. 

The Doctor pursued his education in the public 
schools of this city and in April, 1887, he entered 
the office of Dr. Martin E. Elmendorf, as a student 
of dentistry, there remaining for two years, during 
which time he not only mastered many of the prin- 
ciples of the science, but also became familiar with 
the practical workings of the office to a large degree. 
Later he studied under Dr. De Witt Barker. On 
the 9th of May. 1894, he passed an examination be- 
fore the New York State Board of Censors at Al- 
bany, New York, receiving the degree of Master of 
Dental Surgery. Immediately afterward he began 
practice in Brooklyn, but when two years had passed 
a wider field opened to him in the lower section of 
Manhattan, where he is still in practice. 

On the 7U1 of November, 1894, Dr. Hanning was 
united in marriage to Miss Nellie C. Smith, of 
Brooklyn, a daughter of George W. and Emeline 
(Walters) Smith. In national politics he is a Re- 
publican and believes in expansion, being a loyal 
supporter of the present administration. As a cit- 
izen he is public spirited and progressive and a loyal 
son of Brooklyn. Believing that its best interests 
would be promoted under its old form of govern- 
ment, he opposed consolidation with New York. He 
belongs to the Knights of the Ancient Essenic Order 
and to several societies for the promotion of dental 





JCJ4 




^.£■5. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



17!t 



knowledge. In 1894 he joined the Second District 
Dental Society and he is also a member of the 
Brooklyn Dental Society, the New York Odontolog- 
ical Society and the Psi Omega Dental fraternity. 
He thus keeps in touch with the thought and labor of 
other members of the fraternity and is quick to 
comprehend new methods and ideas introduced, 
from which he selects the best, using them in his 
practice as opportunity offers. This has made him a 
leader in his chosen work and his practice is large 
and remunerative. 

LEWIS A. W. ALLEMAN, A. M., M. D. 

The tendency of the age is toward specialization 
in all lines of labor, both industrial and profes- 
sional. This is particularly true in the medical pro- 
fession. With the passing of time, investigation 
has revealed so much concerning diseases, their 
treatment and their care, that it would be impossi- 
ble for any one man to be highly proficient in its 
every department. With a broad general knowl- 
edge, however, of the underlying principles of the 
science, the laws of nature and the rules of health, 
one may then give his time and attention to a spe- 
cial line and therein gain marked prominence. 
Among the leading ophthalmologists of Brooklyn is 
Dr. L. A. W. Alleman, who lias long since left the 
ranks of the many to stand among the successful 
few, having gained marked prestige in his calling. 

The Doctor is a native of Seneca county. New- 
York, born December 10, 1862, his parents being 
Dr. Andrew Joshua and Rubie Palmer (Wood- 
ruff) Alleman. His father was a surgeon in the 
war of the Rebellion and has practiced medicine in 
Seneca county for over forty years. From a very 
early age he has been familiar with medical the- 
ories. His father's work naturally drew his' atten- 
tion in childhood and when he made a choice of a 
profession he determined to devote his energies to 
that with which he had long been familiar. He ob- 
tained his early literary education in the public 
schools and prepared for college under the private 
instruction of Professor Charles Kellner, and was 
graduated in Hobart College in 1883, with the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Arts. Subsequently he entered 
the Jefferson Medical College, at which he was grad- 
uated in 1886. and after a year spent as interne in 
the Germantown Hospital he became assistant to 
Dr. L. Webster Fox, the well-known oculist of 
Philadelphia, thus gaining a practical knowledge of 
the science of ophthalmology. On leaving Dr Fox 
he located in Brooklyn, where he has built up a 
large and lucrative practice, gaining an enviable 
reputation as a specialist in the diseases of the eye. 



He was for several years a member of the staff of 
the New York Eye Infirmary, has been connected 
with the Long Island College Hospital since 1892, 
and is chief of the eye department of the new Pol- 
hemus Memorial. He is also ophthalmic surgeon of 
the Hebrew Orphan Asylum and Nassau Hospital. 

During the summer months the Doctor retires to 
his fine farm of two hundred acres, near Geneva, 
New York, where he spends two months in abso- 
lute rest. There the pure air and sunshine of out- 
door life, the pleasure of caring for his fine stock 
and poultry, all go to make his stay in the country 
delightful and fit him for the arduous work of the 
year to come. The Doctor's prominence in his pio- 
fession is indicated by his association with many 
medical fraternities, of which he is a valued repre- 
sentative. He is a member of the American Acad- 
emy of Medicine ; American Opthalmological Soci- 
ety ; New York State Medical Association ; New 
York Academy of Medicine; Physicians' Mutual 
Aid Association, of New York; Medical Society of 
the County of Kings ; Kings County Medical Asso- 
ciations: Associated Physicians of Long Island; 
Brooklyn Medical Club and the Hospital Graduates 
Club. He is also a member of the Hamilton and 
Crescent Athletic Clubs; the Barnard Club and the 
Phi Beta Kappa Club, of New York. 

The Doctor was married January 7. 1890. to 
Miss Frances Dudley, daughter of James G. Dud- 
ley, of Geneva. New York, and they have three 
children: Dudley. Marion and Elizabeth. In man- 
ner the Doctor is social and is of scholarly tastes 
and attainments, honored alike by young and old, 
rich and poor, humble and great, and he well de- 
serves mention among the most eminent professional 
men on Long Hand. 

DANIEL J. McCOY. 

Daniel J. McCoy, the manager of the Brooklyn 
Alcatraz Asphalt Paving Company, occupies a lead- 
ing place m the business circles of Brooklyn. He 
is a native of the Green Isle of Erin, his birth 
occurring on the 27th of May. 1863. When nine 
years of age lie left his home across the sea and 
made his way to the new world, and here he grew 
to manhood and received his education in the city 
schools of New York. He began his business career 
by learning the trade of a machinist, and he later 
became a locomotive engineer on the Hudson River 
Railroad. In 1891 he entered the employ of William 
Kelly, the paving king of the east, and after the 
organization of the Brooklyn Alcatraz Asphalt Pav- 
ing Company Air. McCoy was placed in charge of 
the construction department. He has indeed proved 



IN) 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



himself a very competent man for the position. His 
business ability has been constantly manifested in 
one phase or another, showing unlimited possibili- 
ties, nothing too great to grasp and master, and the 
extensive concern which he represents owes much 
to his wonderful power. 

As a companion for the journey of life Mr. 
McCoy chose the daughter of William Kelly, the 
president of the firm of which he is a member. As 
a citizen he maintains a high place in the regard 
of the people, being whole-souled, generous to those 
in need, upright in character and genial in manner. 

Mr. McCoy has two children, a son and a 
daughter. 

HIBBERT B. MASTERS. 

Colonel Hibbert B. Masters was born in Kent- 
ville, Nova Scotia, sixty years ago, and his boyhood 
days were passed m Boston, Massachusetts. His 
early education, acquired in the schools of that 
city, was supplemented by study in the Hebron 
Academy, of Hebron. Maine. In i860 he came to 
New York. 

When the Civil war broke out he entered the 
ranks of the Eighth Regiment. New York state 
militia, and served for three months, participating 
in the first battle of Bull Run. On the expiration 
of this brief term of service he was mustered out, 
hut he was not satisfied to remain at home, and, 
securing a commission from the governor of the 
state, he recruited an independent company of in- 
fantry. Soon afterward he was detailed acting quar- 
termaster of Peck's brigade, his company having 
been assigned to the Fifty-fifth New York Regiment, 
Colonel De Trobriand commanding. While attached 
to Peck's brigade. Fourth Corps, under General 
George B. McClellan, he was captured by the Rebels 
and taken to prison at Richmond, Virginia, but 
soon escaped. Recaptured, he escaped again, only 
to be recaptured again, at Miller's tavern. He was 
exchanged while the Union army lay at Harrison's 
Landing, and after the second battle of Bull Run 
he was detailed on staff duty, receiving the appoint- 
ment of commissary of subsistence, which included 
the rank of captain, His service for his country 
was marked for its dash and daring, and he was 

During the war Colonel Masters was married 
to Mis 1 lara Lovell Even tt, of \\ rentham, Massa- 
chusetts, on the i.uh of February, iKr>.5. At the 
end of the war he became engaged in business in 
Portland, Maine, coming to New York to accepl .1 
position i„ the employ of the dry goods firm of 
S B Chittenden & Company, serving with that 



and other houses of like character. After twelve 
years he decided to engage in the commission busi- 
ness for himself, trading .with southern houses, and 
lie is now the proprietor of one of the largest mer- 
cantile establishments of Florida, a partner in a 
large jobbing concern in Mobile, Alabama, and con- 
ducts a large commission trade in Manhattan. 

Colonel Masters is a member of the Salmagundi 
Club and kindred organizations. He served fifteen 
years on the staff of Major General Shaler, com-' 
manding the First Division of the National Guard.' 
In 1898 he was the first vice-president of the Union 
League Club, and was for two years chairman of the 
social committee and for a long time a member of 
the art committee of the same club. He is also a 
member of the Loyal Legion, and is the commander 
of E. T. Tefft Post, No. 355, G. A. R. He was elect- 
ed to the presidency of the Union League Club in 
1900. succeeding Mr. Pulsifer, and re-elected in 1901. 
He is very popular, and insures a continuance of the 
high standard of efficiency for which the government 
of that office has been known in the past. Colonel. 
Masters is tall, broad-shouldered and active. Strict 
integrity, straightforward dealing, generosity and in- 
dependence are his chief characteristics. He is a 
man of culture and refinement, and one of whony 
the city of New York is justly proud. 

JOHN SAVAGE McKEON. 

To say of him whose name heads this sketch, 
that he has risen unaided from comparative ob- 
scurity to rank among the wealthy merchants of the 
metropolis is a statement that seems trite to those 
familiar with his life, yet it is but just to say in 
a history which will descend to coming generations 
that his business record has been one that any 
man would be proud to possess. Beginning at the 
very bottom round of the ladder he has advanced' 
steadily step by step until he is now occupying a 
position of prominence reached by very few men. 
Through his entire business career he has ever been 
looked upon as a model of integrity and honor, 
never making an engagement that he has not ful- 
filled, and standing to-day as an example of what 
determination and force, combined with the highest 
degree of business integrity, can accomplish for a 
man of natural ability and strength of character. 

Mr. McKeon was born in Brooklyn, February 3, 
1845. and is of Irish lineage, for his father, James- 
McKeon, was born in the northern part of the 
Emerald Isle, Ballymena. near Belfast, whence he 
came to Brooklyn in 1840. He was a linen mer- 
chant, and carried on an extensive business in that 
line in New York. For many years he was an 




f/BJfelto 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



181 



■elder in the Presbyterian church, and was a man 
highly respected by all who were familiar with his 
history. He wedded Miss Elizabeth Elder, a daugh- 
ter of John Elder, and they became the parents of 
six children, of whom four are living. The father 
died in 1883, and the mother's death occurred in 
1887. 

Reared amid the refining influences of a good 
"home, there were early implanted in the character 
of John S. McKeon the seeds of industry and in- 
tegrity that have brought forth fruit in a successful 
and honorable career. He pursued his education in 
public school No. 1, in which he was graduated with 
the class of 1859. When fourteen years of age he 
"began working in a clothing house in Fulton street, 
and after two years went to New York, where he 
entered the employ of the firm of Hanford & 
Browning, who had taken large contracts to supply 
clothing to the United States army. Later Mr. Mc- 
Keon was associated with other firms until 1S70. 
when he came to Brooklyn, and for two years was 
associated with the house of Smith & Gray. On 
the expiration of that period he was admitted to 
partnership in the firm of Smith, Grey, Cooper & 
■Company, and two years later the firm became 
Smith, Grey & McKeon. In August, 1878. how- 
•ever, he withdrew from that house and began busi- 
ness alone on the opposite corner, at the intersec- 
tion of Broadway and Bedford avenue, under the 
firm style of John S. McKeon. There he remained 
until about 1898, when he removed his wholesale 
■business to New York city, continuing his retail 
business in Brooklyn as branch until June 1, 1900, 
"having a large establishment at the corner of Wash- 
ington place and Green street. There he is exten- 
sively engaged in the manufacture of boys' and chil- 
dren's clothing, and each year his patronage increases 
50 that his output becomes more and more extensive. 
A very large force of operatives are employed in the 
factory in order to meet the demands of the trade, 
and his goods are shipped to various sections of the 
country. In his relations with his employes he is 
just and considerate, and they know that faithful- 
ness and efficiency on their part means advancement 
when opportunity offers. He is systematic and 
methodical in the conduct of his business, and this 
orderly precision has been one of the features in his 
prosperity. Industry and the absence of neglect of 
■even the slightest detail, combined with his unfail- 
ing integrity, stand out as marked characteristics of 
his business history. As the years have passed his 
business has grown to mammoth proportions, and 
lie is therefore ranked among the leading and wealthy 
manufacturers of the metropolis. 

In connection with his other interests. Mr. Mc- 



Keon is a trustee of the Kings County Savings 
Association, and has been a trustee of the Kings 
County Building and Loan Association. He is a 
director of the New York Clothiers' Association, and 
is identified with many social and fraternal organi- 
zations, so that he has a wide acquaintance in social 
as well as business circles. For two terms he was 
president of the Union League Club of Brooklyn, 
and is one of its governors, belongs to the Hanover 
Club and is a director of the Apollo Club. He is 
vice-president of the Eastern District Dispensary 
ami Hospital, and for twenty-three years he has 
been treasurer of the Ross Street Presbyterian 
church. Believing that it is the duty of every indi- 
vidual to keep well informed on the political issues 
of the day and to cast an intelligent ballot in sup- 
port of the principles in which he believes, Mr. Mc- 
Keon is known as a stalwart Republican, deeply in- 
terested in the growth and success of the party, but 
has always refused to hold office, and declined the 
nomination for alderman at large in 1881. 

On the 10th of May. 1866, occurred the marriage 
of John S. McKeon and Miss Eliza Jane Eason, a 
daughter of Samuel W. Eason, of New York. Nine 
children have been born unto them, of whom seven 
are yet living: Flora E.. the wife of Frank F. 
Healey, of Philadelphia; James E., of Brooklyn; 
Mary B„ Isabel C. Robert L., Charles A. W. and 
Harold N., all at home. The career of John S. 
McKeon has ever been such as to warrant the trust 
and confidence of the business world and the regard 
of all with whom he has been brought in contact, 
for he has ever conducted all transactions on the 
strictest principles of honor and integrity. His de- 
votion to the public good is unquestioned and arises 
from a sincere interest in the welfare of his fellow 
men. What the world needs is such men — men capa- 
ble of managing extensive, gigantic mercantile con- 
cerns, and conducting business on terms that are 
fair alike to employer and employe — men of genuine 
worth, of unquestioned integrity and honor — and 
then the question of oppression by capitalists and 
resistance and violence by laborers will be forever 
at rest. 

FRANK A. WILLARD. 

Frank A. Willard. who occupies the position of 
principal of public school No. 64, of Brooklyn, is 
numbered among the native sons of the Empire 
state, his birth having occurred in Fairfield, Herki- 
mer county. He acquired an academic education at 
Fairfield Academy, where he was prepared to enter 
college. Subsequently he matriculated in Hamilton 
College, and was graduated in that institution with 



1- 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



the class of 1880. During his collegiate career he 
had pursued a course in law and was admitted to the 
bar in July following his graduation. He has, how- 
ever, given his attention to educational work. He 
taught one year in Windsor Academy, in Broome 
county. New York, and one in the Highland Military 
School at Worcester, Massachusetts. He then came 
to Brooklyn in 1882, and has been a teacher in 
schools Nos. 13, 78 and 61 successively, but in Sep- 
tember, 1894. he became principal of public school 
No. 64, and now has under his direction thirty 
teachers and between thirteen and fourteen hundred 
pupils. Mr. Willard is recognized as a competent 
teacher, and earnestly strives to make his work and 
that of the teachers in his school effective and bene- 
ficial. He has won the approval of pupils and par- 
ents and deserves high rank among the most com- 
petent educators of the city. 

WILLIAM KELLY. 

Prominent among the business men of Brooklyn 
is William Kelly, who for a number of years has 
been closely identified with the history of the city 
as a representative of one of its most important 
business interests. He is a man of keen discrimina- 
tion and sound judgment, and his executive ability 
and excellent management have brought to the con- 
cern which he controls a large degree of success. 
The -ale conservative policy which be inaugurated 
commends itself to the judgment of all and has 
secured to the company a large and increasing pat- 
ronage. 

William Kelly, president of the Brooklyn Alcatraz 
Asphalt Paving Company, is deserving of special 
mention in this volume, and his record should serve 
as an incentive to all who have the energy, perse- 
verance and will to succeed in life. A native of the 
Emerald Lie. lie was born in the year 1842, and 
was reared to manhood in the country' of his na- 
tivity. In 1S64 be came to the United States, locat- 
ing in New York, where he was employed in the 
paving business. In 1869 he began operations in 
that hue on his own account, at first taking con- 
tracts on a small scale, but as time passed lie in- 
'"' '■! li ■ facilities and subsequently became known 
as the "Paving Kin-" lie has „oi confined his 
operations to Manhattan alone, but his contracts 
nded into 1:1 >o1 lyn and the surrounding 
country, and a large per cent, of the granite block 
paving 111 Brooklyn is the result of his skill and 
ability. He is also idi nl and gi neral 

of the \-,,liah Construction Company of 
New York. His .nine careet has been characterized 
;y, perseverance and hard work, and to these 



principles his success is due. Since 1880 he has 
made his home principally in Brooklyn. 

Mr. Kelly became interested in the Alcatraz as- 
phalt of California, and so favorably did he become 
impressed with its merits that in August, 1S95, the 
Brooklyn Alcatraz Asphalt Paving Company was 
organized, of which he is the president. The plant 
is located on Third street, near Third avenue, and 
is well equipped with all conveniences for expediting 
contracts, while the materials used are unexcelled 
in quality. A ten years' guarantee is given on all 
work executed by the company, and among the con- 
tracts they have completed may be mentioned Lewis 
avenue, Jerolemon street, City Hall Square, Pros- 
pect Park South, as well as many others of impor- 
tance. While taking a commendable interest in 
whatever has a tendency to permanently benefit his 
locality, Mr. Kelly has no political aspirations, his 
time being fully occupied with his extensive business 
interests. He possesses that true worth which can 
not be hid and which is always recognized by 
people of superiority. As a prominent business man 
and representative citizen he should find a place in 
the history of the men whose force of character, 
sterling integrity, control of circumstances and whose 
marked success in establishing great industries have 
contributed in such an eminent degree to the solidity 
and progress of the entire country. His life has 
been manly, his actions sincere, his manner unaf- 
fected, and his example is well worthy of emula- 
tion. 

Mrs. Kelly, whose maiden name was Sarah Mc- 
Clelland, and who was a native of America, died 
in 1895. The three children are Patrick, Alice and 
James." 

ALBERT A. WRAY. 

The story of the life of the Hon. Albert A. Wray, 
of Brooklyn, New York, is the story of such strug- 
gles and triumphs as characterize the careers of 
self-made men. Mr. Wray was born at Cape Gi- 
rardeau. Missouri. September 6. 1858. His father 
was of Scotch descent, and was born near Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, in 1807, and his mother, a mem- 
ber of the old distinguished family of Jackson, was 
a native of Alabama. They were married in Illinois 
and moved thence to Missouri. At the age of fifty 
five years the father, who was a warm personal 
friend of Abraham Lincoln, responded to the mar- 
tyred president's first call for seventy-five thousand 
volunteers, and as a member of the Fifteenth Illi- 
nois Cavalry served under General Grant during 
bis western campaign after the battle of Vicksburg 
until be was disabled in the litre of duty. His death 




m^\huU^ 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



183 



in 1871 resulted from exposure to which he was 
subjected iu the service. 

Albert A. Wray was educated in the public 
schools and in the State normal school of his native 
state, and taught school there for two years after 
his graduation. He went east in 1S80. and arrived 
in New York with a cash capital of twenty dol- 
lars. He secured employment in the United States 
pension office in New York city and in his spare 
time read law in the office of Black & Ladd, the 
last mentioned of whom was deputy chamberlain of 
the city of New York, and since his admission to 
the bar in 1885 he has been engaged in general prac- 
tice. He has handled some important cases before 
the court of appeals, among them the celebrated 
Long Island Railroad — Tallyho — litigations, in which 
he appeared against such eminent legal lights as 
General B. F. Tracy. William J. Kelley, Fred Ingra- 
ham and John Gardner. He has given much study 
to admiralty and insurance laws, and while bis prac- 
tice is essentially of a general character it is gradu- 
ally becoming specialized in the direction indicated. 

As a Republican Mr. Wray has been honored 
with various positions of trust. He was elected a 
member of the assembly of the state of New York 
in 1894. and was re-elected in 1895 by eight thou- 
sand, three hundred and eighty-five votes, a plural- 
ity of one thousand, six hundred and forty-six votes 
over the votes cast for Walter E. Hough. He served 
as vice-chairman of the committee on insurance, as 
a member of the committee on general laws, the com- 
mittee on soldiers' homes, the committee on cities 
and electricity and the committee on water supplies. 
He was elected to the state senate of New York 
in 1895 and served during 1896-7-8. He managed 
the Hamilton Fish campaign for the speakership of 
the house, and while in the senate was chairman 
of the committee on public education, vice-chairman 
of the judiciary committee and a member of the 
committee on Indian affairs. He drew the bill, which 
was passed in 1898, providing for the taking of the 
soldier vote in the field. He has repeatedly served 
as a delegate to local and state conventions of his 
party. 

Mr. Wray lias lived in Brooklyn since [887, and 
since that time has been a member of the local 
Republican organization. He has long been a mem- 
ber of the Invincible Club, of which for several years 
he has been vice-president. He was a member of the 
Young Republican Club of Brooklyn, and in 
1892-3 was chairman of its advisory committee. In 
1893 he was a member of the Republican provisional 
reorganization committee, which was influential in 
bringing about the reorganization of the Republican 
party in Kings county. He is a member of the 



Union League Club, the Stuyvesant Heights Club, 
the Glenada Club, and of Acanthus Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons. 

Mr. Wray married Miss Jessie Hay. of New 
York, daughter of William Hay. a manufacturer of 
neckwear, and they have three children. His half- 
brother John enlisted with his father for service 
in the Civil war, and was on duty continuously 
until hostilities finally ceased. 

WILLIAM F. GRIFFITHS. M. 1). 

Dr. William Edward Griffiths, who for many 
years has been looked upon as one of the leading 
members of the medical profession of Brooklyn, 
was born 111 New York city, February 7, 1842, and 
is a son of John .Morton and Emma Aurelia 
( Phelps ) Griffiths, the latter a descendant of George 
Phelps, who came from England on the ship "Mary 
and John." and settled near Dorchester. Massachu- 
setts, in 1030. It is worthy of note that it was upon 
this ship that the ancestors of President Grant came 
to Xew England. 

The ancestral line from George Phelps is Jacob. 
Jedediah. Silas, Eliphalet (1st), Elipbalet (2d) and 
Asa Hosmer. The Doctor's maternal grandfather 
married Margery McCottn, a sister of Vice Chan- 
cellor William Townsend McCoun, of New York 
state. The Doctor's great-grandfather, John Grif- 
fiths, came from France as a lieutenant in LaFay- 
ette's forces in 1777. and served with distinction 
throughout the entire Revolutionary war. He mar- 
ried Julia Betts, a sister of William Betts, who 
owned a large farm extending from Fifty-ninth 
street. New York city, to Harlem. He had one son, 
William Betts Griffiths, who married Elizabeth Cow- 
enhoven, of New York, by whom he had seven chil- 
dren. The third child. John M. (iriffiths. was Dr. 
Griffiths' father. He was a chemist in New York, 
and had three sons: William Edward: Henry Clay, 
who died aged seventeen years; and John Morton, 
a retired chemist of Brooklyn. 

Dr. Griffiths was educated in the public schools 
of New York and the College of New York. bur. 
on account of bis health failing, completed his gen- 
eral education under private instruction. At the 
age of eighteen years he entered upon the study of 
medicine under the professional guidance of Dr. 
Godfrey Aigner, of New York, and was graduated 
at the College of Physicians and Surgeons of New 
York in 1868. In November, 1862. he was appointed 
surgeons' steward on the United States frigate 
"Colorado." served as such until March. 1864, and 
was honorably discharged at the end of the cruise. 
He then resumed his studv of medicine and devoted 



184 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



the four following years to the completion of his 
course, which at that time was quite unusual. 

Soon after securing his degree he entered upon 
the practice of his profession, but a year later, his 
health failing, he went to Europe and took instruc- 
tions in pathology under the famous Professor Ru- 
dolph Virchow, of the University of Berlin. This 
was during the Franco-German war, and he em- 
braced the opportunity which offered him to gain 
some experience in the ambulance service of the 
Bavarian army. In the spring of 1S7 1 he located in 
Brooklyn, where lie has since conducted, a large and 
lucrative general practice of medicine and surgery, 
living in the same block all of that time, and in 
his present location since the erection of his house, 
in 1881. 

lie 1- the author of several scientific papers, 
which were presented before the medical societies 
of winch he is a member and subsequently published. 
Among these should be mentioned "Variola Vac- 
cina." written in 1875 and published in the "Discus- 
sions of the Medical Society of the State of New 
York." in 1S77. It was republished and commented 
upon throughout the country, and drew forth much 
discussion on the subject of smallpox and vaceina- 
sion from the profession generally. 

For many years the Doctor did a large amount 
of microscopic work. He was visiting surgeon to 
the St. Mary's General Hospital from the time of 
its foundation, and is now consulting physician. In 
1874-5 he was adjunct physician to the Long Island 
ColKgc Hospital, in the department of diseases of 
the abdomen, but was obliged to resign that position 
on account of his rapidly increasing practice. 

lie is a member of the Kings Comity Medical 
Association, the Brooklyn Pathological Society, and 
was for several years a member of the Medical So- 
ciety of flu- County of Kings, in which be was chair- 
man of the registration committee. He was a mem- 
ber of the Medico-Historical Society of New York 
until the time of its dissolution, and was also a 
member of the Easl River Medical Society. 

Dr Griffiths was married October 17, 1S78, to 
Miss Margaret Snyder, of Greenport, Columbia 
cotuitv. New York. His wife and be attend St. 
Peter's Episcopal church, and he is a member of the 
U S Granl Post. V.. 527, Department of New 
York, G V R 

In politics the :tnr has always affiliated with 

th Republican partv, and has rendered much valua- 
bl. crvicc to il Tn 1RR1 qo , he »;, president of 

the Third Ward Republican \ •iation. and is a 

me,,, her of the Young Kem.hliean Club, of Brook- 
lyn For a per, 0,1 of fourteen years the Doctor 
served the city 111 the health department, occupying 



at various times the positions of assistant sanitary 
inspector, sanitary inspector and chief inspector of 
contagious diseases. 

BERNARD PETERS and THOMAS P. PETERS. 

The name of the Rev. Bernard Peters is indis- 
solubly connected with the history of the Brooklyn 
"Times." This journal was formerly the Williams- 
burgh "Times," which first appeared February 28, 
1848. Its editor and principal proprietor was George 
C. Bennett, an ambitious young Englishman, who 
had learned the printing business and knew a little 
about the Bible and all that was to be known about 
Shakespeare. Williamsburgh was a small village, 
but political feeling ran high. The Democrats were 
divided up between Hunkers and Barnburners, and 
some of the Whigs had joined the Free-soil party; 
but, as a rule, the Whigs held together, and in the 
"Times" they found an aggressive organ which 
vigorously espoused the cause of Taylor and Fill- 
more. The "Times" remained loyal to the party, 
and when, in 1854, that party became merged in the 
Republican party, the "Times" became, as it has since 
remained, an exponent and advocate of Republican 
principles. In that year. also. Williamsburgh be- 
came consolidated with the older municipality of 
Brooklyn, and the Williamsburgh "Times" became 
the Brooklyn "Times." 

Two years later there came to that portion of 
Brooklyn in which the "Times" was published a 
young clergyman, Bernard Peters, who had been 
called to the pastorate of the First Universalist 
church. He was a native of Germany, born in 
Durkheim, Bavaria, in 1827. He was only seven 
years of age when his parents emigrated to Ohio, 
and in training and ideas, as in temperament, he be- 
came intensely American. Mr. Peters made an ex- 
tended tour of Europe during bis pastorate, and 
corresponded regularly with the "Times ;" but re- 
turned before the outbreak of the Civil war. He 
was a zealous Unionist, and he preached patriotism 
so forcibly and persistently that his church soon 
became recognized as a center of the loyal sentiment 
of the Eastern District. In 1S64 Mr. Peters removed 
to Hartford. Connecticut, and soon afterward he was 
induced to leave the pulpit ami assume editorial con- 
trol of the Hartford "Post." In i860, he was invited 
to return to Brooklyn and enter into partnership 
with Mr. Bennett in the management of the Brook- 
lyn "Times." 

\t that time the Republican party was sharply 
divided on factional lines, the feud between Reuben 
E. Fenton and Roscoe Conklinar having divided the 
Republicans of New York into bitterly hostile wings. 




^x^^-*--*— — •+-& 7*^<£^> 



&- 



^ 




( ^/^^ > ^^^m^r~J /^£^£^, 



&■ 



^> 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



ISO 



Mr. Peters was a zealous advocate of Republican 
principles and a warm admirer of President Grant, 
but he cared nothing at all for the rivalries of poli- 
ticians. Mr. Bennett, however, was an aggressive 
partisan of Fenton, and there was some slight dis- 
agreement between the partners in consequence, in 
iS-_\ when the leading Fentonites followed Horace 
Greeley into the alliance between the Liberal Repub- 
licans and the Democrats. Mr. Bennett was eager 
to throw the influence of the "Times" into the 
scale for Greeley, but Mr. Peters strongly objected, 
and. in the end. his views prevailed ami the "Times" 
remained loyal to the Republican party. 

January I. 1875. Mr. Bennett retired and Mr. 
Peters acquired sole control and ownership of the 
Brooklyn "Times." He associated with himself bis 
two sons-in-law, James A. Sperry and William C. 
Bryant, the former as city editor and the latter as 
business manager, and the newspaper speedily 
showed the effect of the new blood that had entered 
it. For more than a quarter of a century it had 
been content to remain the organ of a section <>t the 
city, but it now reached out and claimed all of 
Brooklyn and Long Island as its field. Before long 
it became recognized as the organ of Long Island, 
having a large and steadily increasing clientele in 
every village and hamlet from Norton's Point to 
Montauk, and its influence in building up the strength 
of the Republican party in Queens, Nassau and Suf- 
folk counties has long been recognized. Under the 
■direction of Mr. Peters the "Times" had been, since 
1876. the unfaltering advocate of civil-service re- 
form and of the elimination of the spoils system 
from politics. It was a stanch and unswerving ad- 
vocate of the policy of protection to American in- 
dustries, of the Blaine policy of reciprocity, and of 
the granting of subsidies to American shipping. To 
correct the evils that had sprung up under the ward 
system of party organization, the "Times" made 
careful investigation of the Philadelphia system of 
organization on the election district basis, and. after 
many years of agitation, it succeeded in securing 
the adoption of that system. It has earned the con- 
fidence of the people of Brooklyn and Long Island 
by a course of consistent honesty and unswerving 
fidelity to principle, while its facilities for the col- 
lect!, m of news, the result of more than half a cen- 
tury's experience, during which there has been no 
change of policy, and. for twenty-seven years, no 
change of management, easily puts it in the front 
rank among American newspapers. 

Bernard Peters retired from the active manage- 
ment of the "Times" in the fall of 1S03. and he 
died five vears later. He was succeeded by his wn. 
Thomas Pollock Peters, under whose direction the 



influence of the paper has been largely extended, 
while its general lines of policy have remained un- 
changed. The present editor was educated in the 
Polytechnic Institute, in Brooklyn, and in Columbia 
University, in Manhattan borough, at both of which 
he was graduated. His last year at Columbia was 
spent in a special line of study devoted to political 
economy. In 1897 he was appointed a director of 
the Brooklyn public library, by Mayor Frederick 
\V. Wurster, of Brooklyn, and he was twice reap- 
pointed to the same position by Mayor Robert A. 
Van Wyck, after the consolidation of Brooklyn with 
1 ild Xew York city. 

In 1897 Mr. Peters married Miss Lou A. Dar- 
lington, of Brooklyn. 

HEXRV A. POWELL. 

Henry A. Powell, whose standing as a lawyer 
and citizen is equally high, was born in Chatham, 
Columbia county, Xew York. September 15. 1851, 
and acquired his preliminary education in the old and 
well-known Fort Edward Institute, of Xew York. 
Later he attended Union College, and was graduated 
therein in 1873. He then entered Union Theological 
Seminary, in Xew York city, and completed the 
course in that department by graduation with the 
class of 1S76. Having thus prepared for the work 
of the Christian ministry, he accepted the pastorate 
of the Bushwick Reformed church, of Brooklyn, 
where he remained in charge from 1876 until 1883. 
when he went to the Lee Avenue Congregational 
church, where he continued to discharge his pastoral 
duties until 1S90. In the meantime he had pursued 
a course of law. and was graduated in the University 
Law School in 1882. He then entered upon practice 
in 1890. opening an office at Xo. 296 Broadway. Xew 
York city, where he has since remained. In the 
course of his practice he has handled some very 
large and important estates, among them being that 
of Joseph Wilde. While he has conducted several 
criminal cases which have attracted widespread pub- 
lic attention, his nractice has been essentially of a 
civil character. He is well versed in the principles 
of jurisprudence, and prepares his cases with great 
thoroughness and precision. His is a natural dis- 
crimination as to legal ethics, and he is so thor- 
oughly well versed in the minutise of the law that 
he is able to base his argument upon thorough knowl- 
edge of and familiarity with precedents and to pre- 
sent a case upon its merits, never failing to recog- 
nize the main point at issue. 

In 1875 Mr. Powell was married to Miss Julia L. 
Migatt. who was born in Danbury. Connecticut. 
Both he and his wife are well known in club and 



186 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



society circles, and Mrs. Powell has had the excep- 
tional honor of having served for two years as a 
member of the Brooklyn board of education, her 
influence having been strongly felt for good in behalf 
of the schools of the city. In 1898 the degree of 
Doctor of Divinity was conferred upon Mr. Powell 
by his alma mater, a distinction of which he has 
every reason to be proud. He is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, and served as master of his 
lodge for tw'O years. He is also a member of De 
Witt Clinton Chapter, R. A. M., and De Witt Clin- 
ton Commandery, K. T„ and likewise belongs to the 
Royal Arcanum ; Senate Lodge of the Knights of 
Honor; the University Law Club; the Marine and 
Field Club; the Brooklyn Club-; and the Invincible 
Club. He has also been interested in and identified 
with military affairs, and was chaplain of the Forty- 
seventh Regiment in 1888 and 1889. In the Republican 
party he has ever manifested a warm interest, and 
has taken an active part in campaign work. He was 
candidate for district attorney during the triangular 
fight between Low, Tracy and Van Wycfc, but was 
defeated with the rest of the ticket. In 1894 he 
served as a member of the constitutional convention 
which framed the present constitution of the state, 
and his broad legal knowledge made him a valuable 
factor in framing the organic law of the common- 
wealth. He is a most effective speaker, master of 
the art of rhetoric and with splendid powers of 
oratory he never fails to interest and move his 
hearers. His utterances are forceful, yet eloquent, 
and his services are frequently in demand on patri- 
otic occasions. His love of country and his deep 
interest in her welfare is manifest in his ringing 
utterances, and has kindled a spark of patriotism in 
many a one who has grown cold or indifferent to 
the discharge of his duties of citizenship. He pos- 
sesses a genial nature, strong personality and irre- 
proachable character, is faultless in honor, fearless 
in conduct and stainless in reputation. 

HENRY ALTENBRAND. 

Henry Altenbrand, the president of the Man- 
hattan Malting Company, and a well known resident 
of Brooklyn, was born November 22, 1844. in East 
New York, a son of Louis and Catherine (Siegel) 
Altenbrand, both Germans, the former a native of 
Hesse-Darmstadt, a municipality in the Grand Duchy 
of Hesse, and the latter a native of Saxony. The 
father, a tailor by trade, came to the United States 
in 1S30. locating in New York city. Nine years later 
he removed to Easl New York, where he built a 
hotel called the Railroad Depot House, the fifth 
building in the place; it was much frequented by 
picnic parlies ami excui ioni 1 and he conducted it 



with musch success until i860. He was a man of 
great public spirit, and led in many important move- 
ments. While in New York he aided in the forma- 
tion of the first German military organization, the 
Jefferson Grenadiers, and was the first captain. For 
ten years he was tax collector in New Lots, and was 
also a school trustee. He was instrumental in estab- 
lishing the German Lutheran church there, of which 
he and his wife were members, and took a very active- 
part in its work. He was instrumental in inducing 
many Germans to locate there, and in various ways 
he aided largely in the upbuilding of the town. He 
and his wife, both consistent Christians, are both 
deceased, the death of the former occurring in 1873. 
They were the parents of eight children: Elizabeth 
(Mrs. Joseph Hilderbrand) ; Louis, who served dur- 
ing the Civil war for three years, and then made his 
home in Brooklyn, where he died about 1873; 
Caroline (Mrs. William Kaiser), deceased; Henry, 
who died in early childhood; Henry (second), the 
subject of this sketch; August, who died at the age 
of fifteen years ; Edward, who died aged thirty years ; 
and Albert. 

Henry Altenbrand, the oldest of the two surviv- 
ing of these children, acquired a liberal education in 
the public schools and the Polytechnic Institute of 
Brooklyn. At the age of eighteen years he engaged 
with a produce commission merchant of New York, 
and two years later became a partner in the business. 
After four years thus spent he and his brother 
formed the produce commission firm of Altenbrand 
Brothers, dealers in grain, barley, etc. In 1873 he 
organized the New York and Brooklyn Malting 
Company, of which he became president ; in this 
enterprise his associates were Michael Seitz. Otto 
Huber. George Ehret, Jacob Ruppert, John Kress- 
and August Harrmann, all well known business men 
in New York and Brooklyn. This company contin- 
ued until 1897, when its interest became allied with 
the American Malting Company. In 1890 Mr. Alten- 
brand organized the Manhattan Malting Company, 
with offices at No. 11 Broadway. New York. He 
has been president of the last named from its or- 
ganization, and its successful establishment and con- 
duct is due in large degree to his fine business and 
executive abilities. He was the first to import 
German barley, and the excessive custom duties led 
him to attempt its cultivation in the United States, 
in which he was finally successful. After unsatis- 
factory experiments in five different states, he finally 
decided upon the Gallatin valley, in Gallatin county. 
Montana, where he purchased twelve thousand acre 1 , 
of land, which have been irrigated and brought un- 
der successful cultivation, producing a grain su- 
perior in quality to the imported article. In connec- 
tion with the latter enterprise he organized the 




*? 



iSV^^zZ^i&CX-^ £><!• 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



IsT 



West Gallatin Irrigation Company, which has con- 
structed more than one hundred and ten miles of 
canal, providing irrigation for over sixty thousand 
acres of land, the water supply being taken from 
the West Gallatin river, a head tributary of the Mis- 
souri river. 

About 1869 or 1870 Mr. Altenbrand purchased the 
entire tract of land on the Brooklyn side of Newtown 
creek, south of Grand street, with the view of im- 
provement and development for shipping purposes, 
but afterward disposed of these valuable interests. 
In 1871 he purchased six hundred acres of land, upon 
which was situated the first house on the shore of 
Lake Hopatcong. Xew Jersey, a hostlery which was 
more recently known as the Lake View House. He 
subsequently organized a land company and built 
the first cottage on the shores of Lake Hopatcong in 
1887. 

Energetic and progressive in spirit and resolute 
in business purpose, Mr. Altenbrand has advanced 
steadily from a modest beginning to the accomplish- 
ment of large undertakings in various fields of effort, 
and he is numbered among the most useful of the 
successful men of affairs in Brooklyn. With his 
family, he is a communicant of St. Luke's Episcopal 
church. He is a member of the Hanover Club, and 
he has affiliated with the Masonic fraternity for thirty 
years. 

September 24, 1861, Mr. Altenbrand was united 
in marriage with Miss Louisa Schneider, a daugh- 
ter of John and Christina (Wilhelm) Schneider, old 
and highly respected residents of the sixteenth ward 
in Brooklyn. Born of this union were seven children, 
of whom are living Louise, Lilly, Gertrude and 
Harry. The family occupy an elegant home at 141 
Hancock street, Brooklyn. 

WILLIAM E. PHILIPS. 

William E. Philips, who is engaged in the whole- 
sale produce business, and is well known as a repre- 
sentative of commercial and political interests in 
Brooklyn, represents an old family of French lineage 
that was founded in America in 1789 by George 
Philips, the grandfather of our subject. He was a 
Protestant minister. His family belonged to the no- 
bility and this made him hated by the common people 
at the time of the reign of terror and bloodshed 
known as the French Revolution, and he was obliged 
to leave his native country. He came to America, 
but after the Revolution ceased he again went to 
France. As he could find no trace of his family, 
he once more came to the United States, and mar- 
ried Miss Marks, of New York city, where he re- 
sided at the time of his death, the family home 
being in Hanover Square. 



William Philips, the father of our subject, was 
born in New York in 1805, and was a book printer 
by trade. Later he was engaged in the produce 
business in Catherine market and in the fertilizing 
business. In 1847 he bought a farm at Flushing, 
Long Island, where he spent the remainder of his 
days, devoting his attention to agricultural pursuits 
until his death, which occurred on the 7th of No- 
vember, 1878. A man of strong force of character 
and possessing business ability of a high order, he 
was successful in accumulating a goodly share of 
this world's goods, and was considered a wealthy 
man of the community. One of his brothers, Ed- 
ward Philips, who was the oldest brother, was the 
founder of the Washington Grey Troop, which be- 
came the nucleus of the Eighth Regiment, and had 
the honor of serving as grand marshal at the time 
of the splendid parade held on the occasion of the 
successful completion of the laying of the Atlantic 
cable in 1856. He was an intimate friend of Cyrus 
W. Field, whose genius made possible the electric 
connection with the old world. Another brother, 
Samuel Philps, the wealthiest man of the three, was 
a heavy real-estate owner, and much of his property 
lying between the Battery and Harlem. Manhattan, 
is still in possession of his family. 

The mother of our subject bore the maiden name 
of Mary J. Layton. The family name was originally 
spelled Laton. David Layton. the maternal great- 
grandfather, was the captain of a Wolverholler com- 
pany of militia. He resided at Wheatley Hill, Long 
Island, which has since become famous as the coun- 
try seat of Edward D. Morgan. The first of the 
Layton family came to Long Island about 1665, lo- 
cating near Syosset, and large tracts of land which 
he entered at that time are still in possession of his 
descendants. 

William E. Philips, whose name introduces this 
review, was born in Xew York city, November 14, 
1845. and obtained his education in the public schools 
at Flushing, Long Island, and in grammar school 
No. 40, on Twentieth street. Xew York. He sub- 
sequently pursued a course in the Free Academy up 
to the freshman year, and had the honor of standing 
first in scholarship in a class of four hundred stu- 
dents. Later he learned the trade of a draftsman 
in an extensive Novelty Iron Works, in New York 
city, the largest institution of the kind in the coun- 
try at that time. He worked upon many of the gov- 
ernment vessels, notably the old "Roanoke" and the 
monitor "Miantinoma." as a mechanical draftsman. 
Subsequently he was appointed assessor of internal 
revenue, and later accepted a clerical position in 
the county clerk's office, serving under Charles E. 
Lowe until 1871, when he embarked in the produce 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



business in Long Island City, where he remained 
until 1879, when be came to Brooklyn and established 
his present wholesale produce business. From the 
beginning the enterprise has been attended with 
success. His previous experience in that line, com- 
bined with energy, determination and careful manage- 
ment, enabled him to build up a business which has 
constantly grown until it has assumed extensive pro- 
portions, and thereby he has become one of the sub- 
stantial business men of the city. 

In politics Mr. Philips has long been an active 
worker, and his efforts result in benefit to the party 
of his choice. He allied his forces with the Repub- 
licans, and has labored for the growth and success 
of Republican principles since 1866. He was police 
commissioner under Mayor Van Wyck after the or- 
ganization of Greater New York, serving from June 
until May of the following year, when he was re- 
moved by the mayor upon his refusal to remove 
John McCullough as chief of police instead of Chief 
William S. Devery. He has been a delegate to all 
the local conventions of his party, has been a mem- 
ber of the Republican committee of Kings county 
.for six years, and is one of the party leaders in his 
district. 

Mr. Philips was united in marriage to Miss Laura 
A. Willis, of Williston. Long Island, a village named 
in honor of the family, who owned large tracts of 
land there. The lady is a daughter of Charles C. 
Willis, a prominent and influential citizen of Willis- 
ton. Four children have been born unto Mr. and 
Mrs. Philips, namely: William W.. who married 
Miss Alice Clay: Harriet E., who married Enoch B. 
Whitaker, of Lowell. Massachusetts, who died 
March 12. 1901; Miss Emma L. Philips: and Fred 
W., who married Clara Blow. Socially Mr. Philips 
is connected with the Montauk and Brooklyn Clubs, 
and is also a member of the Tenth Assembly District 
Republican Club. The entire life of Mr. Philips has 
been one of activity and industry. His methods 
have always been in keeping with the highest prin- 
ciple- of honorable and fair dealing and with con- 
scientious regard for the rights of others. He has 
rare social qualities, delights in good fellowship, and 
lacks none of these personal traits of character which 
are indicative of the warm-hearted and high-minded 
gi nth man. 

THE HAVILAND FAMILY. 

Identified with the history of Long Island from 
an early period of its settlement, this family has been 
an important factor iii the development of its best 
interests and has aided materially in advancing its 
welfare. It is fitting, therefore, thai con iderable 



mention should be made in this volume of its various 
representatives, who, through successive generations, 
have done so much for the advancement of this sec- 
tion of New York. 

The earliest record of the family in America is in 
1653. wdien one of that name resided at Newport, 
Rhode Island. The original ancestors were English, 
and a connection has been established between them 
and the Haviland family of England, a history of 
which was printed, for private circulation only, in 
London about 1862. It traces the English line back 
without a break to 1467, in the island of Guernsey. 
Evidences are presented showing that the family 
originated in Normandy, where the name existed as 
early as 888. The book contains one hundred 'and 
forty-four pages of printed matter, including docu- 
mentary evidence extracted from the Norman Arch- 
ives of St. Lo, the Royal Archives of Paris, Public 
Records of London, English Municipal Records from 
1490. Paris Registers of Baptisms. Marriages and 
Deaths from 1538, and Wills from 1590. In includes 
one hundred and four illustrations of coats of arms 
of the Havilands and families into which they mar- 
ried. This book, being out of print and but one o'f 
the original English edition existing in New York, 
was photographed and reprinted through the liberal- 
ity of A. W. Haviland, of Plainfield, New Jersey. 
The earliest evidence of the permanent settlement of 
the family in Guernsey is in 1179. and from Guernsey 
a branch settled in England in 1471. 

The noble Norman family of de Havilland (orig- 
inally Haverland) included the English branches of 
Havelland of Dorsetshire (now extinct), Haviland 
of Hawkesbury. Gloucestershire (also extinct), and 
Haviland of Somersetshire. Of the generations suc- 
ceeding the first representative in England, we note 
the following : 

3. Sieur de Haverland, mentioned a 
pant in the battle of Hastings. 

5. Baron Robert de Haverland, a 
1 130, to the deed of his neighbor, Jordai 
Lord of Barnesville. 

6. Robert de Haverland. in 11 79, deputy govern- 
or of the Island of Guernsey. 

6. Philpin de Haverland, one of the nobles pres- 
ent at the dedication of St. Martin's church in Guern- 
sey in 1199. 

7. Robert. Baron de Haverland, a witness to a 
charter of Philip d'Aubigne in T299. granting certain 
lands in Guernsey to the monastery of St. Michael's 
Mount. 

8. Michael and Rochard de Haverland. who each 
held a fief of the honor of Martain under Philip, eld- 
est son of Philip Augustus, Ring of France, 1233 
which fiefs were forfeited for adherence to the Eng- 
lish Kmg. 



a partic 



ntness, in 
de Roval 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



L89 



S. William, Lord of Haverland, who accom- 
panied Richard Cceur de Lion to Palestine. 

9. Peter, Lord of Haverland, son of William. 
g. Rodnlph ,de Haverland, one of the king's 

Navasseurs of the Island of Guernsey 111 1248 and 
Jurat, 1254. 

10. Bernard de Haverland, whose name occurs 
in an insular document, and who was succeeded by 
his son. 

11. William de Haverland. 

12. Thomas de Haverland, 1299. 

13. William de Haverland. 

14. Hamelin de Haverland and Bernard de lla\ 
erland, who, with the two before named, appear in 
the records of 1331 as tenants of the king on the Isl- 
and of Guernsey. 

15. Thomas, Siettr de Haverland. 

16. His second son, James, who married Helene 
de Beauvoir and had four sons and one daughter, 
Helene, or Elinor; Richard, James, John and Will- 
iam. 

17. Helene, or Elinor, married William, son of 
Nicholas Pitt, who is the first known ancestor of that 
historic family. From William and Elinor Pitt are 
descended four titled branches of the Earls of Chat- 
ham, the Earls of Londonderry, the Barons Camel- 
ford (all now extinct), and the existing Barons 
Rivers. 

17. Richard de Havilland had one son. who died 
young, and three daughters, namely: Dora, who 
married Thomas Guilford; Alice, who was married 
June 15, 1538, to William Newman, of the family 
of Fife Head; Celila. who was married July 30, 1541, 
to John Hancock, of Christ church. 

17. James, second son of James and Helene, by 
his wife Julia, had a son, named 

18. Christopher de Havilland. born in 1512, mar- 
ried September 16, 1544, to Celilia Mann, by whom he 
had several sons and daughters, the latter being: 
Margaret, who married Sir Peter Buck, and Elinor, 
who became the wife of Rev. William Hiley, rector 
of Poole, from whom was descended the Adington 
Viscount Sidmonths. 

19. Mathew, the only son of Christopher that 
lived to mature years, was baptized at Poole June 
IS, 1550, married Mary Kytchen May 9, 1575, and 
settled at Bristol, being admitted to its freedom De- 
cember 15. 1575. He was a stanch supporter of the 
Protestant cause and contributed largely toward the 
equipment of the fleet sent against the Spanish 
Armada. He possessed the manor of Hawkesbury 
and the estate of Albert Grange, also those of Stock- 
land. Bristol, Charlinch and the others in Somerset- 
shire. He died March 11. 1619. 

20. Robert, of Haw'kesbury Manor, married 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Guise, of Elmore, an- 



cestor of the baronets of that name. He had four 
daughters: Mary; Florence, wife of Robert Cuhne; 
Jane, who married William Tory, of New England; 
and Elizabeth, who married Thomas Offeld. A 
member of the family recently saw the headstone of 
Jane Haviland, wife of William Tory, 111 a church- 
yard 111 Maine. The only son of Robert was 

21. Matthew. His grandfather (19) bad, besides 
Robert, the following children: John, of Charlinch 
Hall, ancestor of the Somersetshire branch; Mat- 
thew, who died unmarried in 1624; William, whose 
son, Bartholomew, died young ; Annie, who married 
Sampson Lortte ; and Mary, wife of Richard Hal- 
worthy, Mayor of Bristol, in 1635. 

The original ancestor in America, William Hav- 
iland, was in Newport, Rhode Island, in 1O53, was 
made a freeman, and in 1656 served as a representa- 
tive in the assembly. In 1667 he bought land and es- 
tablished his home on Mad Man's Neck (now Great 
Xecki, Long Island, where he was living as late as 
1088. He and his wife, Hannah Hick-, were the 
parents of four sons, — Joseph, Benjamin, John and 
Jacob. Of these John, the next in lineal descent, 
was living in Flushing, Long Island, in 1698, with his 
wife and son John. (Documentary history of New 
York, volume 1, page 651.) February 26, 1701, he 
bought two hundred acres on Mad Man's Neck, town 
of Hempstead, of William Sart, the purchase price 
being sixty pounds. January 12, 1703, be was chosen 
church warden for the town of Hempstead, at a 
general town meeting. May 1, 1706, he bought land 
on Mad Man's Neck, Hempstead, for sixty pounds, 
the former owner having been John Robinson. 
March 24. 1712. he bought land on Mad Man's Neck 
for one hundred pounds. May 7, 1712, he purchased 
from John Van Horn, for eighty pounds, some 
property near his former purchase. September 5, 
1719. he paid Joseph White three hundred and forty- 
five pounds for one hundred and fifteen acre- on 
Oyster Bay, and one-half of one hundred and fifty 
acres elsewhere. March 27, 1725, he bought from 
Robert White, for one hundred and ninety-three 
pounds, seventy-eight acres in White Hollow. Oyster 
Bay. His will was dated February 16, 1738. He left 
five sons and four daughters: John, Benjamin. Luke, 
Joseph, Peter, Jane, Mary, Sarah and Bridget. 

The next in line of descent was Joseph, born in 
1718, and married to Margaret Roe, their children be- 
ing Joseph, born August 15, 1740: Abigail, November 
3. 1752; David. June 13. 1756; Caleb, September 1. 
1758; William, September 9, 1761 : and Roe. Sep- 
tember 15, 1767. February 12. 1740. Joseph bought 
of John Bregart 26x60 feet in William street. New 
York city. This property he sold May 5. 1750. to 
Godfrey Miller, for sixty-nine pounds. March 3, 
1760, he offered a new house at Flushing for sale. 



190 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



The following year he was one of the incorporators 
of a church at Flushing. February 28, 1763, he 
offered his farm at Bayside for sale. June 25, 1764, 
he sold to John Carle, of Hampstead, which had 
previously been mortgaged for fourteen hundred 
pounds, a house and lot in Flushing, the property in 
the sale including ninety and three-fourths acres, 
bounded on the south by land owned by Thomas 
Hicks, and another piece, twenty-nine and three- 
fourths acres in extent, situated in Flushing, west 
of the land owned by David Roe, father of Margaret 
(Roe) Haviland. 

William Haviland, who was born September 9, 
1761. and died February 2, 1815, was married March 
3, 1784, to Elizabeth Allburtis, of Newtown. Long 
Island. They were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : John, who was born March 28, 1785; Abigail, 
March 19, 1787: William, born October 30, 1789, 
died in August, 1801 ; Elizabeth, born September 10, 
1792: Caleb, November 19, 1794: Hannah, June 12. 
1796: Roe, September 10, 179S: Sarah A. Maria, 
horn June 6, 1801, died August 17, 1802; and Maria, 
born March 9, 1805. 

The fifth generation in America is represented 
by Roe Haviland. born September 10. 1798, died No- 
vember 7, 1856. His first wife was Mrs. Mary 
Cutter, and of their marriage, solemnized in 1824, 
the following children were born: George W., born 
July 10. 1825 ; Caleb, born November 21, 1826, died 
October 28, 1854; Mary E„ born November 15, 1828. 
died December 28, 1892 ; William Roe, born August 
25, 1830, died May 8. 1881 ; and Julia Ann, born 
December 16, 1835. Mary, wife of Roe Haviland, 
died June 9, 1839, aged forty-five years. In 1841 
Roe Haviland married Julia MacDonald, of New 
York, daughter of William and Mary (Smith) Mac- 
Donald. Their children were Charlotte, born Octo- 
ber 12, 1842; Sarah, December 26. 1844; John, Octo- 
ber 19, 1847; Emma, born August 28, 1851, died in 
1854: Henry M., born April 17. 1S53 ; and Eugene 
Caleb. March 7, 1856. 

Of these children George W. married Mary E. 
Roe, daughter of Charles ]<.„•. of Bayside, Long 
Island, March 28, 1840. Mary E. became the wife 
of John Hicks, son of Thomas Hicks, of Little 
Neck. April 29. 184(1; Julia Ann was married in De- 
cember. 1852. to John Cornell, son of John Cornell, 
of Little Neck; Charlotte was married June 3, 1858. 
to Samuel II. Ballon, of Brooklyn, son of Leonard 
S, Ballou: Sarah wa married October 29, 1863, to 
Henry Cox, son of Petei Cox, of Little Neck; John 
was married January 21. 1879, to Susan, daughter of 
baniel Schenck, ol Great Meek; Henry M. married 
Emma V, ilaughtct of ('ii.nl,-, Skidmorc. of Jamaica, 
November 21, 1878. Her father, Charles Skidmore, 
was born February 18. [823, and died December 20, 



1891, being a son of John Skidmore, born April 20, I 

1799, died June 21, 1877. Her great-grandfather, 
Michael, was captain in the war of 1812, and died 
March 21, 1852; he and his brother, Jeremiah, were 
sons of John J. Skidmore. 

Benjamin, Joseph and William Haviland settled 
on Long Island in 1667, and the names of the two 
last appear on the list of patentees in 1685. They 
became prominent and wealthy in mercantile enter- 
prises, and were leading men of their community. 
The most influential member of the family at Flush- 
ing during the present century was Roe, son of 
William and Elizabeth (Allburtis) Haviland. A 
farmer by occupation, he owned about one hundred 
and fifty acres and was classed among the substantial 
agriculturists of the county, as was his father before 
him. 

May 6, 1757, Luke Haviland conveyed to Joseph 
Hewlett two hundred and fifty acres at Mad Man's 
Neck (now Great Neck). The document was found 
on record by Joseph Kissam. one of his majesty's 
justices, at the court of common pleas. The property 
is still in possession of the Hewlett family. Roe 
Haviland, born March 1, 1786, died in 1844, was a 
military man, and during the war of 1812 held high 
official rank in the army. In civic affairs he was also 
a leader and was a man of wealth and influence in his 
community. 

C. AUGUSTUS HAVILAND. 

Honored and respected by all, there is no man in 
Brooklyn who occupies a more enviable position in 
business circles than C. Augustus Haviland. Diffi- 
culties and obstacles of an unusual nature have barred 
his path to success, but with resolute spirit he has 
pressed forward to the goal. He stands to-day as 
one of the leading representatives of law and real- 
estate interests in the city. Tireless energy, keen 
perception, honesty of purpose, genius for executing 
the right thing at the right time, joined to every-day 
common sense and guided by great will power, are 
the chief characteristics of the man. The place that 
he occupies in business circles is in the front rank, 
and the well known firm of Haviland & Sons is one 
of the most distinguished in the city. 

Born in New York, in 1832. C. Augustus Havi- 
land is a son of Caleb Davis Haviland. His paternal 
grandfather. Caleb Haviland, was a son of Joseph 
Haviland. who was born September I. 1758. He 
married Jerusha Davis, who was born on the 14th 
of May of the same year, and for many years they 
were residents of Flushing. During the war of the 
Revolution Caleb Haviland served his country as a 
member of the Colonial army. He was a merchant 
tailor and removed to New York city, where he pur- 





C. AUGUST HAVILAND. 




E. W. HAVILAND. 



C. A. HAVILAND. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



chased a house and lot on Golden Hill street, now 
No. 77 John street, near Gold street, the plot heing 
thirty-one by ninety feet. He carried on the mer- 
chant tailoring business in New York city for many 
years, but eventually died of yellow fever, in 1796. 
His widow continued to reside in her mansion on 
Golden Hill street for many years with her young 
son, Caleb Davis Haviland. but on the 27th of July. 
1816, the property was sold to Henry S. Hurtus. 

Caleb Davis Haviland, the only son of Caleb and 
Jerusha Haviland, was born in Flushing, August 1, 
1792, and on reaching manhood became a merchant, 
carrying on business for many years at No. 225 Pearl 
street and at 29 Cedar street. He served as a private 
in the war of 1812 and was an officer in the Collegiate 
church of New York for many years. He mar- 
ried Susan Fort, a daughter of Major Abraham Fort, 
of Poughkeepsie, New York, in 1814, and unto them 
were born nine children, but only two of the number 
reared families. — John J., who now resides in New 
Jersey, and C. Augustus, who has been a resident 
of Brooklyn since 1876. The subject of this review 
pursued his education in the public schools of New 
York city, and after a short connection with mercan- 
tile life he entered the law office of Dodge & Camp- 
bell, at Poughkeepsie, being admitted to the bar in 
June, 1854, after mastering many of the principles of 
jurisprudence. He then opened an office for the 
practice of his profession in Poughkeepsie. where 
he remained until 1857, when he removed to Daven- 
port. Iowa, where, in connection with the practice of 
law. he also engaged in the real-estate business, 01 ■ 
cupying an office in connection witn Colonel T. C. 
Eads, father of the famous engineer who built the 
Mississippi jetties. He soon became prominent in 
politics of that state and served as a delegate to 
nearly every Republican state convention from 1858 
until 1868. He was also connected with journalistic 
interests, for in 1865 he established the Western Sol- 
diers' Friend, which he edited and published, and 
which afterward acquired a large circulation. 

In order to extend his field of labor Mr. Haviland 
removed his plant to Chicago in 1868, and later es- 
tablished there uvo monthly magazines. He success- 
fully carried on business until 1871. when the great 
fire of that year completely destroyed his property 
and all that he had made in the years of his business 
career. He was left to begin life anew, and with 
determined purpose and resolute spirit he took up 
the task, which he has since successfully accom- 
plished. 

In 1876 Mr. Haviland returned to Brooklyn an 1 
established the law and real-estate firm of Haviland 
& Sons. In addition to the practice of law the firm 
handles and controls extensive real-estate interests 
and conducts a business in searching titles, making 



a specialty of the last named department. This 
has been an important factor in acquiring for the 
firm its success and excellent reputation with the 
Brooklyn public. Since 1854 Mr. Haviland has con- 
tinued in the practice of law as well as engaged in 
the real-estate business, and has conducted many im- 
portant litigated interests during his residence in 
Brooklyn, prominent among which was the cele- 
brated litigation growing out of tile defalcation of 
the Commercial Bank, of Brooklyn, in which he la- 
bored earnestly to secure to depositors sums in- 
trusted to the institution, and to impress upon bank 
officials a thorough understanding of the obligations 
which rest upon them. The firm of Haviland & 
Sons was established in 1876, and numbers amyng 
its clientage some of the most prominent citizens, 
wealthiest capitalists and leading property owners of 
Brooklyn. No firm in the city stands higher for ab- 
solute reliability, and its business has reached a large 
volume 

Mr. Haviland is a citizen wiio appreciates fully 
the responsibilities which rest upon the American, 
who with a ballot in his hand controls the land. 
He does everything in his power to promote the wel- 
fare, progress and advancement of Brooklyn. He 
labored earnestly for many years to bring about con- 
solidation with the Metropolis, and that he gave to 
the subject careful and earnest study is indicated by 
the fact that he was awarded the first prize by the 
New York Journal for suggestions as to "What 
Greater New York- Most Needs" — the article ap- 
pearing in the Journal January 28, 1898. During his 
connection of a quarter of a century with the in- 
terests of Brooklyn, Mr. Haviland has been an active 
promoter of its welfare, and his influence carries 
weight among his fellow men. 

In years gone by, during his leisure hours, Mr. 
Haviland has often allowed his pen to picture idle 
musing under the nom de plume of Frank Myrtle, 
and musical composers have turned many such to 
account, and we here append one which was written 
many years ago, entitled "We'll Win the Race 
Together." 



Old friend, sit down beside me now : 

I've something I would say. 
We've been good friends in days gone by 

We're still good friends to-day. 
We have not long, not very long. 

To tramp the world together. 
How often we have rambled round 

In rough and stormy weather ! 
You know it all, old friend, as well as I,— 
Perhaps we'll meet together by and by, — 
Yes, by and by. 



HISTORY OF LONG ISLAND. 



Old friend, just listen to me now. 

When angels bid me rise 
You'll be a friend to me, I know. 

And gently close these eyes; 
And my old bones—you'll care for them 

And lay them 'neath the heather— 
You know the spot we lingered round 

While worshipping together ; 
You know it all, Ola friend, just wipe that eye, 
We'll surely meet together by and by, — 
Yes, by and by. 

Old friend, sit down a minute more, 

And bring that rocKer near. 
• You've been a faithful friend to me, 

So brush away that tear. 
Now, one thing more: those little sins, — 

Just let them go. together. 
And then, with me. you'll ramble on 

Through every kind of weather. 
You'll wm the race, old friend, as well as I, 
And we shall meet together by and by, — 
Yes, by and by. 

Such is the brief review of the career of one 
who has achieved not only honorable success and 
high standing among men, but whose entire life has 
been irreproachably correct, so that his character is 
wilh' ml stain. His life record demonstrates the fact 
that success depends not upon circumstances or en- 
vironments, but upon the man. and the prosperous 
citizen is he who is able to recognize and improve 
his opportunities. The one who works in the pres- 
ent and not in the future is he who prospers, and 
though he met disaster through fire. Mr. Haviland 
has steadily advanced on the high road to success. 

CHARLES A. HAVILAND. 

Charles A. Haviland, the eldest son of C. Au- 
gustus and Aletta M. (Rapalje) Haviland. was born 
at Wallkill, L'lsler county. New York. December 29, 
1856, and is a member of the well known real-estate 
(inn cit Haviland & Suns, also one of the incor- 
porators of the Real Estate Exchange of Brooklyn. 
He was educated in the public schools, where lie 
pursued his studies until fourteen years of age, when 
he began work in a Chicago printing office, being 
he position technically known as the 
"printer's devil." Mr later became a journeyman, 
compositor, pressman, assi tant foreman, proof- 
reader and subsequentlj foreman. 

In [876 Mi. Haviland returned to the east, and 
after spending four years with the firm of J. J. 
Little & Company, of "Lstor Place, New York, two 
years with Atkinson, at that tune printer of the 



"Forest and Stream," and one year with John Pol- 
hemus & Sons, printers, at the corner of Nassau and 
Ann streets, he entered the extensive establishment 
of Wynkoop, Hallenbeck & Company, on Fulton 
street, as the manager of the jobbing department. 
He was afterward made general superintendent, and 
creditably filled that important position in one of the 
largest enterprises of the kind in the city for nine 
years, and then resigned to become an active partner 
in the firm of Haviland & Sons, in which his father 
is the senior. He is an enterprising, progressive 
man, a gentleman of determined energy and resolute 
will, who carries forward to successful completion 
whatever he undertakes, and is now widely recog- 
nized as a potent factor in real-estate circles, 
handling much