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Ex tibris 

The History of 
The Lowell Institute 

The Founder of the Lowell Institute 

From the only portrait extant, painted in Egypt at the time of the 
execution of the will endowing the Institute 


The History of 

The Lowell Institute 



Lamson, WolfFe and Company 

Boston, New York and London 

Copyright, 1898, 
By Lamson, WolfFe and Company. 

All rights reserved. 

Norwood Press 

J. S. Gushing & Co. Berwick & Smith 
Norwood Mass. U. S. A. 


Author's Preface ..... ix 

The Lowell Institute I 

A List of Lecturers and the Subjects of their 
Lectures in the Lowell Institute, 1839- 
1898 49 

Index 95 


A List of Publications corresponding to, and 

mainly the direct result of, Courses of Lect- 
ures delivered before the Lowell Institute . 106 




THE Author and Publishers gratefully recognize 
their obligations to representative New Englanders, 
for numerous courtesies received during the writing of 
this history ; but especially to Augustus Lowell, Esq. , 
Benjamin E. Getting, M.D., and Professor William 
T. Sedgwick, for confirmation and approval of their 
united labors. 

List of Illustrations and Portraits 

John Lowell, Jr., the Founder of the Lowell 

Institute .... Frontispiece 

Opposite Page 
The Odeon, corner Federal and Franklin Streets, 

Boston ...... 7 

John Amory Lowell, Esq. . . . .15 

Professor Jeffries Wyman . ... .18 

Dr. B. E. Cotting . . . . .20 

Marlboro Hotel, showing Passageway to the 

Marlboro Chapel . . . . -25 

The Lowell Drawing-School Room in Marl- 
boro Chapel . . . . .28 

Dr. Josiah Parsons Cooke . . . -33 
Professor Louis Agassiz . . . -39 

Rogers Building, Massachusetts Institute of 

Technology . . . . -43 

Huntington Hall, Rogers Building . . 45 

Plan of Huntington Hall . . . .48 



SOME years since, in the course of 
other professional work, it became 
necessary for me to make intelligent men- 
tion of the Lowell Institute in connection 
with Professor Henry Drummond's pres- 
ence in America, as its lecturer, at which 
time I discovered with surprise that this 
noble endowment had no written his- 
tory. An intense love of my native land 
prompted me to make a thorough review 
of this unique American institution, and 
the following pages are the result of three 
years of delightful investigation. 

"How do you estimate the influence 
which the Lowell Institute has had upon 
the intellectual life of the country ? " I 
asked of Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, 
within four months of his death. 

" When you have said every enthusi- 
astic thing that you may, you will not 

x Preface 

have half filled the measure of its impor- 
tance to Boston New England the 
country at large," he replied. 

"I myself," he added, "feel that its 
benefits have been of the largest signifi- 
cance to me, since at the time I was in- 
vited to deliver a course of lectures on the 
English Poets, I was not a well-equipped 
critic, but as an honest man I went about 
fitting myself for this important public 
service which resulted in almost re- 
making my intellectual life, in its larger 
outreach. No nobler or more helpful 
institution exists in America than Boston's 
Lowell Institute," he concluded. 

To the memory of John Lowell, Jr., 
the founder, and to the memory of 
John Amory Lowell, first trustee of this 
beneficent foundation, this brief history is 
dedicated by a citizen, as a grateful tribute 
to the Institute's first threescore years of 
life and effective work, in a country whose 
early history is fast waxing old. 


BOSTON, March, 1898. 

The Lowell Institute 

AMONG the numerous educational 
institutions of Europe and America 
there is doubtless not one so unique and 
individual in its character as the Lowell 
Institute of Boston, a foundation which 
has existed for almost sixty years, with- 
out ostentation, and with no written his- 
tory, yet whose influences have been so 
far-reaching that it has taken rank as one 
of the noblest -of American institutions, 
and is perhaps even better known among 
many circles in the Old World, through 
the men eminent in literature, science, 
and art who have crossed the sea to give 
before it courses of lectures. It is so 
substantially endowed as to be able at 
all times to command almost any man it 
may name as lecturer, and to remunerate 
him generously for the careful preparation 
which it always demands. 

The Lowell Institute 

To understand how the Lowell Insti- 
tute came into being, one must look 
backward and learn something of the 
intellectual life of early New England. 
In the old days the rigorous Puritan con- 
science forbade all worldly amusements ; 
and the playhouse, above all, was abso- 
lutely prohibited. Courses of lectures on 
religious subjects, however, were encour- 
aged as essential to the training of the 
young. These lectures, which in Massa- 
chusetts were numerous, became so long 
and burdensome, although after all they 
seem to have been the delight of the 
Boston people, that in 1639 tne General 
Court took exception to the length of 
them and to the ill effects resulting from 
their frequency, whereby it was claimed 
that "poor people were greatly led to 
neglqct their affairs, to the great hazard 
also of their health, owing to their long 
continuance into the night." Boston 
expressed strong dislike at this legislative 
interference, "fearing that the precedent 
might enthrall them to the civil power, 

The Lowell Institute 

and besides be a blemish upon them with 
their posterity, as though they needed to 
be regulated by the civil magistrate, and 
raise an ill-savor of their coldness, as if it 
were possible for the people of Boston to 
complain of too much preaching." The 
magistrates, fearing trouble, were content 
to apologize and abandon their scheme 
of shortening the lectures or diminishing 
their number, resting satisfied with a 
general understanding " that assemblies 
should break up in such season that 
people dwelling a mile or two off might 
be at home before late night-fall." 

With the British troops in the Revo- 
lutionary period came the first American 
theatrical performances, given by the 
redcoats as simple matters of diversion in 
their rather stupid existence. The more 
worldly-minded of the colonists were to 
some extent affected by the curiosity, at 
least, which these plays awakened. 

Instruction by means of lectures had 
always been a favorite method among 
New Englanders, so much so that when 

The Lowell Institute 

theatrical plays were later attempted in 
Boston, during the autumn of 1792, it 
was found necessary to call them " moral 
lectures" in order to secure public interest. 
College professors taught their classes 
by means of lectures, and instruction in 
the professional schools of law, medicine, 
and theology was also largely given in the 
same manner. These professors and the 
clergymen were called upon to deliver not 
a few such lectures for the benefit of the 
various communities, while the lawyer, if 
the town had one, was also expected to 
assist, and the village doctor, seldom a 
ready writer, now and then contributed a 
discourse of a practical if less pretentious 
character. Almost any one, therefore, 
possessed of an idea and the least facility 
in expression was quite certain of being 
asked to deliver himself of it in public, 
for a fee ranging from five to fifty dollars, 
according to the standing of the individual 
and the financial ability of the society em- 
ploying him. A high city official, a gen- 
tleman with one lecture and that verbose 

The Lowell Institute 

and extravagrant, boasted at the end of a 
season during this period, that "he had 
delivered his one lecture ninety times, and 
for ten dollars at each delivery." Wen- 
dell Phillips at a later date delivered his 
famous lecture on " The Lost Arts " two 
thousand times, we are told. 

He could name his own time and price 
for it : audiences were carried away and 
were in almost a constant state of ap- 
plause, during its delivery ; every para- 
graph seemed to elicit especial response. 
When asked by a near friend how it was 
possible to secure such an effect at the 
close of each sentence, the lecturer re- 
plied that "when he found that one 
form would not do it, he altered the 
phraseology ; that not succeeding, he made 
other changes, or substituted another 
paragraph, until the whole was satisfac- 

The mention of Phillips of course 
brings us to the time of the New England 
lyceum. Agencies were established to or- 
ganize the required courses of lectures, and 

The Lowell Institute 

for a percentage to attend to all necessary 
details. It was not " good form " in an 
influential family not to encourage some 
one or more of these lecture courses, and 
generally the tickets were readily sold at 
prices which insured pecuniary success. 
From 1825 to 1850 or later lectures may 
be said to have been epidemic in New 
England. Various organizations, like the 
Mercantile Library Association in Boston 
(composed of young merchants and clerks), 
the Society for the Diffusion of Useful 
Knowledge, the Mechanics' Institutes and 
others, provided courses of lectures to re- 
plenish their funds. At times the people 
seemed to become satiated with the more 
serious discourses, and various novelties 
were introduced to sustain the public in- 
terest, like the interpolation of a concert 
or two or the exhibition of a juggler. In 
some localities really solid work was at- 
tempted, like continuous courses on liter- 
ary, historical, or scientific subjects. These, 
however, were usually but partially suc- 
cessful financially, and it was difficult to 


Corner of Federal and Franklin Streets, Boston 

The Lowell Institute 

obtain lecturers of sufficient ability or 
public spirit to undertake such ventures. 

The prejudice against the theatre had 
not subsided, but was rather intensified. 
The theatre itself, as it was then con- 
ducted, was largely responsible for this. 
Boston's first building especially appro- 
priated to public amusements was Concert 
Hall, erected in 1756, at the head of Han- 
over Street. It was designed for concerts, 
dancing, and other entertainments, and was 
doubtless the place in which, for the most 
part, the British officers conducted their 
amusements while in possession of the 
town. A law of the province, passed in 
1750, prohibited theatrical exhibitions 
under a severe penalty. This law was 
considered "unconstitutional, inexpedient, 
and absurd " ; and years later, in obedi- 
ence to public wishes, the theatre in Fed- 
eral Street, at the corner of Franklin, was 
built and opened in 1794. 

During the time when the English held 
Boston, the North End, in the vicinity 
of Copp's Hill and North Square, was 

8 The Lowell Institute 

the court end of the town. But after the 
Revolution the neighborhood in which 
the theatre was built had become the resi- 
dential centre of the wealth and refine- 
ment of Boston. Near here were the 
Federal Street Church (afterward Dr. 
Channing's) and Trinity Church on Sum- 
mer Street, besides the only Roman 
Catholic Church in the city, and its 
bishop's house, together with many hand- 
some private residences. 

In 1796 the Haymarket Theatre was 
built at the foot of the Common, near 
Avery Street; later the Washington, 
Tremont, Lion, and National Theatres 
and the Howard Athenaeum, the latter on 
the site of Miller's Tabernacle, a great 
barn-like structure, occupied by the Mil- 
lerites, who flourished in the early forties. 
These theatres were all constructed after 
the manner of the English theatres of that 
period with " refreshment rooms " so 
called, which were in reality common grog- 
shops, contiguous to them or within easy 
access, with an entrance directly from the 

The Lowell Institute 

pit and the first row of boxes. Free ad- 
mission was granted to women to the 
"third row." To make no mention, 
therefore, of the performances of the 
poor, degraded stage, these places were 
in themselves sufficiently demoralizing to 
condemn them to the religious and re- 
spectable of the community. This reli- 
gious element resolved "that the theatre 
must go, and go forever." The Federal 
Street Theatre had already been taken by 
the Boston Academy of Music ; and under 
the direction of the president, Mr. Samuel 
A. Eliot (the father of President Eliot of 
Harvard University), changed into the 
Odeon. The National, or Warren, sub- 
sequently died of inanition. The Tre- 
mont Theatre building still remained. 
The Baptist denomination secured this, 
and made it over into Tremont Temple, 
dedicating it in 1839, "henceforth to re- 
ligious purposes," while it was openly 
declared that "there was never to be 
another theatre in Boston." 

These, then, were the conditions of the 

io The Lowell Institute 

educational and amusement life of New 
England preceding the foundation of the 
Lowell Institute. People were yet de- 
sirous of intermingling instruction with 
their diversions, but much profitless work 
was being done in the miscellaneous, de- 
sultory lecturing which, after the theatres 
were closed, seemed the only recreation 
left to the people. During the winter of 
1837-38 twenty-six courses of lectures 
were delivered in Boston, not including 
those courses which consisted of less than 
eight lectures ; and it is estimated that 
they were attended by about thirteen 
thousand persons. These facts sufficiently 
show the importance and the popularity 
of the lectures at this time in the neigh- 
borhood of Boston, and the questions of 
reform and improvement involved. 

In two points this lecture system was 
evidently defective. First, the means of 
the organizations under which the lectures 
were given were usually too meagre to 
induce men of talent and broad culture 
to undertake the preparation of thorough 

The Lowell Institute n 

and systematic courses ; therefore the 
work was almost wholly miscellaneous, 
and no thorough series upon any particu- 
lar branch of knowledge could be per- 
manently sustained under such financial 
conditions. Secondly, it was evident that 
the system contained no principle for a 
steady improvement in the nature of the 
instruction it could furnish, unless it could 
raise the standard of the literary character 
of its work. 

Mr. John Lowell, Jr., whose public 
spirit, farsightedness, and generosity, al- 
ways exercised with the modesty of which 
the Lowell Institute is but typical, was 
the individual who solved for New Eng- 
land the problem of the higher lecture for 
the average citizen which in reality 
closely resembles what the leading col- 
leges and universities elsewhere are now 
establishing in what is known as univer- 
sity extension. This plan of Mr. Lowell's 
was in harmony with the New England 
lecture system, yet went beyond it by 
making its work systematic and thorough. 

12 The Lowell Institute 

The confiding of the whole management 
of the Institute, financial and intellectual, 
to one individual is its most marked pe- 
culiarity, distinguishing it from all other 
similar endowments. In his will Mr. 
Lowell thus prescribes : 

" I do hereby constitute and appoint the 
trustees of the Boston Athenaeum for the time 
being to be visitors of the said trust fund, with 
power to require accounts of the administration 
thereof and to compel the appropriation thereof 
to the use aforesaid, but without any power or 
authority to prescribe or direct by whom the 
said lectures shall be given, nor the subjects 
thereof; considering it best to leave that high 
personal responsibility upon the trustee or trus- 
tees of the fund for the time being. 

" Each trustee shall appoint his successor, 
within a week after his accession to the office, 
in order that no failure of a regular nomination 
may take place. 

" In selecting a successor the trustee shall 
always choose in preference to all others some 
male descendant of my grandfather, John 
Lowell, provided there be one who is compe- 

The Lowell Institute 13 

tent to hold the office of trustee, and of the 
name of Lowell." 

Mr. Lowell came of a distinguished 
New England family, whose later descend- 
ants have at the present day an inter- 
national renown in the departments of 
science and law. Of John Lowell, Jr., 
it has been said : " He was a young Bos- 
tonian intended by nature for a states- 
man, whom the caprice of fortune had 
made a merchant." 

The great-grandfather of John Lowell, 
Jr., was the first minister of Newburyport. 
His grandfather, Judge John Lowell, was 
among those who enjoyed the public con- 
fidence in the times which tried men's 
souls, and bore his part in the greatest 
work recorded in the annals of constitu- 
tional liberty, the American Revolution. 

In 1779 h was chosen a member of 
the convention for framing a constitution 
of state government. 

He it was who in 1780 introduced the 
clause in the Massachusetts Bill of Rights, 

14 The Lowell Institute 

under which the Supreme Court of Massa- 
chusetts freed every slave in the state who 
sought his freedom. 

This was the first prohibition of human 
slavery in any statute or constitution which 
was ever written, and every loyal Ameri- 
can should be willing to accord to Judge 
John Lowell his reverent gratitude for 
this momentous and historic act of patriot- 

In 1781 he served in the Continental 
Congress, and on the adoption of the 
constitution, he was appointed by Wash- 
ington a judge of the District Court of 
the United States, and later chief justice 
of the Circuit Court. 

Of the three sons of Judge Lowell, the 
eldest, John, was an eminent lawyer and 
writer upon political and agricultural sub- 
jects. His only son was John Amory 
Lowell. The second, Francis Cabot 
Lowell, the father of the founder of the 
Institute, was a merchant, who during the 
War of 1812 conceived the idea of manu- 
facturing in this country the cotton goods 

The Lowell Institute 15 

which he had been wont to import from 
India, and by reinventing the power-loom 
did more than any one else to establish 
that industry in America. The young- 
est, the Rev. Charles Lowell, was the 
eminent Boston minister, the father of 
several distinguished children, the young- 
est of whom was James Russell Lowell. 

John Lowell, Jr., like his father, was a 
successful merchant. Early bereft of 
wife and children, he passed the few 
remaining years of his life in travel, and 
died in Bombay, March 4, 1836. He 
was only thirty-four years of age when 
he made his will giving half of his prop- 
erty to the support of public lectures for 
the benefit of his fellow-citizens. This 
sum bequeathed by Mr. Lowell, with its 
accumulations, amounted at the time of 
the opening of the lectures to nearly two 
hundred and fifty thousand dollars. The 
trustee appointed by the will was Mr. 
John Amory Lowell, a cousin and inti- 
mate friend of the founder, who thor- 
oughly justified the expectation of his 

1 6 The Lowell Institute 

kinsman. When told by his lawyer that 
he could find no one capable of carrying 
out his purpose, Mr. Lowell replied, " I 
know the man." During an administra- 
tion of more than forty years John Amory 
Lowell had the sole charge of the en- 
dowment, selected the lecturers and the 
subjects to be treated, and managed the 
finances with such skill that the property 
nearly doubled in his hands. Seldom has 
so responsible a duty been imposed upon 
any one man. But Mr. Lowell was 
rarely endowed for the position. To his 
eminent qualities of strong sense, great 
courage, and large acquirement, which 
enabled him to select wisely, he added 
knowledge of affairs and great singleness 
of purpose. Modest and retiring, he 
never appeared in the management farther 
than was absolutely necessary, but was 
content with a silent authoritative con- 

The list of the lectures and lecturers 
subjoined will give some idea of the 
amount of work involved, as well as the 

The Lowell Institute 17 

extent of the benefit which the commu- 
nity must have derived from the estab- 
lishment of this noble institution, of 
which the influences may be said to have 
only begun, since it is to last forever. 

By the terms of the will, as previously 
described, the trustee for the time being 
must appoint as his successor some de- 
scendant of the grandfather of the founder 
and of the name of Lowell, if a suitable 
one can be found. Under the exercise 
of this authority, the present trustee, Mr. 
Augustus Lowell, has held the position 
for the past fifteen years. Under his 
administration the work of the Institute 
has been extended by the establishment 
of new courses of lectures, and the en- 
largement of those already founded, until 
now there are delivered annually between 
five and six hundred lectures, all under 
Mr. Lowell's personal management. The 
value of bringing all these riches of 
knowledge to the very doors of Boston 
and her suburbs, without money and 
without price, is a continual reminder of 

1 8 The Lowell Institute 

the opulent wisdom of Mr. John Lowell, 
Jr., in the founding of the Lowell Insti- 
tute, and of the integrity with which the 
trust is sustained and developed in influ- 
ence and power. 

Notable as has been the history of the 
Lowell Institute, it has been unusually 
fortunate in the management of affairs in 
its relations with the public. These duties 
have been delegated to one named the 
curator by Mr. John Amory Lowell, the 
first trustee, and therefore so termed at 
the present time. The first curator, who 
served for three years, was Dr. Jeffries 
Wyman, the eminent comparative anato- 
mist, whose early death took from the 
ranks of American science one of its most 
brilliant and thorough students ; of him 
James Russell Lowell has said : 

" He widened knowledge and escaped the praise; 
He wisely taught because more wise to 

learn ; 
He toiled for Science, not to draw men's 

But for her lore of self-denial stern." 

yV ^J^ N r^^v^/^v/v^- 

The Lowell Institute 19 

Associated with him from the com- 
mencement, and his successor after 1842, 
was Dr. Benjamin E. Cotting, who for a 
period of fifty-eight years (until his death 
May 22, 1897 in his eighty-fifth year) 
attended from the first discourse nearly 
every lecture delivered, and had the re- 
sponsibility of serving Mr. John Amory 
Lowell and his son and successor in the 
administration of the business connected 
with the lectures, including the advertis- 
ing and distribution of tickets, and the 
arrangements in the several halls in which 
the lectures have been given. These duties 
require a man of affairs and ready adapt- 
ability, acquainted with physical science 
and modes of lecture demonstration, to- 
gether with a readiness to catch the pe- 
culiarities of the lecturers and to make 
for each all necessary arrangements in a 
way satisfactory to him. 

In Dr. Cotting all these essentials were 
united, and the Lowell Institute was most 
judicious in retaining in its service for more 
than half a century this gentleman, whose 

2O The Lowell Institute 

position in his profession of medicine and 
surgery was of the highest, not only in its 
practice, but in the life and literature of his 
profession, he having been successively 
secretary, councillor, orator, and president 
of the Massachusetts Medical Society. 

Dr. Getting was ever recognized as a 
gentleman of rare business instincts and 
calm judgment, interblended with most 
gracious social qualities, which rendered 
his official relations with the leading men 
of America and the Old World alike 
pleasing to the lecturers and valuable to 
the Lowell Institute. 

In April, 1897, William Thompson 
Sedgwick, professor of biology in the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
succeeded to the curatorship, Dr. Cotting 
having resigned this office on account of 
advancing age and infirmities. Professor 
Sedgwick's association with the Lowell 
Free Courses in the Institute of Tech- 
nology, and his familiarity with scientific 
and other educational developments made 
his appointment logical. 

The Lowell Institute 21 

On the evening of December 31, 1839, 
the last day of the year, an interesting dis- 
course was given in the Odeon, which 
seated about two thousand persons, by 
Edward Everett, consisting of a memoir 
of Mr. John Lowell, Jr., together with 
some anticipatory suggestions of the value 
of such an institution. This discourse 
was repeated on the evening of January 2, 
1840. Then followed the regular courses 
in a manner similar to that which has 
since prevailed ; and the Lowell Institute 
was established. 

The first lectures were a course given 
by Professor Benjamin Silliman of Yale 
College, on geology. Mr. Silliman was 
at that time one of the most noted of 
American lecturers, a man prominent in 
science, but whose reputation abroad was 
perhaps chiefly due to his long and able 
management of the periodical known as 
Silliman s Journal. So great was his popu- 
larity, that on the giving out of tickets for 
his second course, on chemistry, the fol- 
lowing season, the eager crowd filled the 

22 The Lowell Institute 

adjacent streets and crushed in the win- 
dows of the " Old Corner Book Store," 
the place of distribution, so that provi- 
sion for this had to be made elsewhere. 
To such a degree did the enthusiasm of 
the public reach at that time in its desire 
to attend these lectures, that it was found 
necessary to open books in advance to re- 
ceive the names of subscribers, the num- 
ber of tickets being, distributed by lot. 
Sometimes the number of applicants for a 
single course was eight or ten thousand. 

From the advertisements of those days 
we find that tickets were distributed, ac- 
cording to necessity, to those who held 
numbers divisible by 3, 4, or 5. This plan 
was followed until the number of appli- 
cants did not much exceed the number 
of seats. When this occurred, the tickets 
were advertised to be ready for delivery, 
to adults only, on a certain date. At the 
time and place appointed a line was formed, 
that the first comers might be the first re- 
ceivers of tickets. For some years past 
a large hall has been secured, capable of 

The Lowell Institute 23 

receiving under cover several thousand 
persons at a time, so that applicants, no 
matter how many or how eager, can be 
arranged in line and receive their tickets 
in the order of their coming. 

The several lecture courses, with time, 
place, and conditions for obtaining tickets, 
are announced in certain Boston news- 
papers, usually at least a week in advance 
of each course. Such tickets, with re- 
served seats, are good for the entire 
course, but always to be shown at the 
door. There are a limited number of 
admission tickets, without reserved seats ; 
while admission to single lectures may 
also usually be obtained at the hall by 
waiting in line for a few moments just 
before the lecture. 

During the season of 1895-96, a some- 
what larger privilege was granted citizens, 
in obtaining course tickets, by the an- 
nouncement in connection with the adver- 
tisement of lectures that any tickets with 
reserved seats, which remained after the 
line distribution, could be secured by appli- 

24 The Lowell Institute 

cants who enclosed stamped and addressed 
envelopes to the lecture management. 
This method has proved a great conven- 
ience to the public, and larger audiences 
have, in consequence, greeted the lecturers 
since this additional favor was bestowed. 

To prevent interruption and secure a 
quiet audience, certain rules were adopted : 
first, the closing of the hall doors the 
moment a lecturer began speaking, and 
keeping them closed until he had con- 
cluded. This rule was at first resisted to 
such a degree that a reputable gentleman 
was taken to the lockup and compelled to 
pay a fine for kicking his way through an 
entrance door. Finally the rule was sub- 
mitted to, and in time praised and copied 
as, in certain measure, at the Boston 
Symphony concerts. The lectures were 
also limited to one hour ; and in general 
the audiences have gradually been induced 
to applaud the lecturer only when he enters 
and retires. 

The lectures were given in the Odeon 
from their establishment in 1839 unt il 

Showing passageway to the Marlboro Chapel 

The Lowell Institute 25 

1846, when that building was converted 
into warehouses. The following season 
they were given in Tremont Temple. 
After this they were held in Marlboro 
Chapel, previously a lecture-room formed 
of an L of Marlboro Hotel on Wash- 
ington Street. The hall itself was in 
that mysterious square which only a 
born Bostonian can understand. It was 
bounded by Washington and Tremont, 
Winter and Bromfield streets. Music 
Hall was in the same square, and a close 
neighbor to the Marlboro Chapel. The 
entrance to the lecture-room was through 
an unattractive arched passageway, which 
all Bostonians of mature age will remember 
for its aromatic odors and the resonant 
notes of practising musicians thereabout. 

This chapel had for some time previous 
been the rendezvous of all the ultra asso- 
ciations, which found it difficult to obtain 
lecture-rooms elsewhere, being composed, 
as Dr. Holmes puts it, of " lean, hungry, 
savage anti-everythings." In 1846 it 
was thoroughly remade into a reputable 

26 The Lowell Institute 

lecture-room ; and in it the Lowell lect- 
ures were given until 1879, when again 
commercialism invaded and it was closed 
to educational purposes and given up to 

The best available hall was then found 
after much search to be Huntington Hall, 
in the Rogers Building of the Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology. Its situ- 
ation was thought, in 1879, to be quite 
removed from the lecture centre of the 
city ; now it is not only such a centre, 
but nearly the centre of population of the 
city itself. 

In the spring of 1850 Mr. John Amory 
Lowell, the first trustee, wished to estab- 
lish in connection with the Lowell Institute 
a free drawing-school. Dr. Cotting was re- 
quested to undertake this work during Mr. 
Lowell's absence in Europe. Two plans 
were devised and presented in writing to 
Mr. Lowell. He selected the one which 
was afterward followed, principally on the 
ground of its being the more elementary. 
It was peculiar, in that it required the 

The Lowell Institute 27 

pupil to begin and continue through his 
entire course to draw from real objects 
only "the round," as it is technically 
called, from rectangular forms up to the 
living models, and never from copies or 
" flat surfaces." The principle and plan, 
as well as most of the details, were of the 
curator's devising. In few drawing-schools 
in the country, if in any, had "the round" 
found any place at all up to that date, 
and its exclusive use in none, so far as 

It was not easy to secure a suitable 
teacher willing to undertake to carry out 
this plan. By chance an artist was over- 
heard to express at random views which 
were similar to the curator's. After much 
persuasion, and with great distrust on the 
artist's part, his services were secured. He 
proved a most successful teacher ; and 
during its entire course of more than a 
quarter of a century remained the school's 
chief. Mr. Hollingsworth's enthusiasm 
was the school's life ; his devotion its un- 
failing support. 

28 The Lowell Institute 

The school began in the autumn of 
1850. At first it met with much ridicule 
from professional teachers, art critics, and 
others; but it soon grew popular with its 
pupils. Many curious and amusing anec- 
dotes might be told of its early history and 
later progress. Prominent teachers and 
artists, some of whom later became famous, 
at times attended the school to obtain its 
peculiar advantages. Mr. Rollings worth 
was an original, and his assistant, Mr. 
William T. Carleton, had many valuable 

The school was eminently successful in 
establishing correct methods of drawing, 
and had the satisfaction of being imitated 
all over the country, almost to the entire 
revolution in the teaching of drawing. 
Nowadays no school is without its "real 
objects" on its programme, if not in 
actual use. 

In 1879, on the loss of its rooms in 
Marlboro Chapel, the school, to the re- 
gret of many students, came to an honor- 
able end. 

In Marlboro Chapel 

The Lowell Institute 29 

From December 31, 1839, to January, 
1898, there have been given under the 
auspices of the Lowell Institute four hun- 
dred and twenty-seven regular courses of 
lectures, or four thousand and twenty 
separate lectures ; these, with those re- 
peated, bring the number to four thousand 
three hundred and twenty-five, all ab- 
solutely free lectures, prepared by the best 
minds of the age, and representing the 
highest developments in all the various de- 
partments of science, literature, and art. 

In addition to these there have been 
given five courses in the name of estab- 
lished local societies (e.g. the Academy of 
Arts and Sciences, and the Massachusetts 
Historical Society) by representative mem- 
bers named by the societies themselves. 
Sixty-one such lectures, added to the num- 
ber of regular and repeated lectures, make 
the grand total five thousand four hun- 
dred and twenty-five, given by three 
hundred and fifty-two different lecturers. 

Crude theories and plans for moral and 
political reforms are not to be found in 

jo The Lowell Institute 

the Lowell lectures. The selection of 
lectures and lecturers is made from a 
broad and comprehensive knowledge of 
the safe thought and intelligent study of 
the time, and with an active sympathy 
for the varied interests of the community. 

The income of the fund, with the ex- 
ception of one-tenth, which must annually 
be added to the principal, is applied, in 
strict accordance with the founder's de- 
sires, directly to the maintenance of the 
lectures, and never has been, or can be, 
invested in buildings. Hence the gen- 
erous remuneration, which in early days 
was sometimes larger for a single course 
of lectures than the annual salary of the 
most distinguished professor in any Amer- 
ican college or university. The same 
liberality is yet a marked financial feature 
of the Institute, its lecture fees continuing 
to be much larger than those of any other 
American educational institution. 

In the long line of eminent men who 
have lectured on their several specialties 
for the Lowell Institute may be mentioned, 

The Lowell Institute 31 

in science, the names of Silliman, Lyell, 
Agassiz, Gray, Levering, Rogers, Cooke, 
Wyman, Peirce, Tyndall, Whitney, New- 
comb, Ball, Proctor, Young, Langley, 
Gould, Wallace, Geikie, Dawson, Cross, 
G. H. Darwin, Farlow, and Goodale. 

The four gentlemen who have given 
the largest number of lectures, all of 
which were illustrated by experiments, are 
Professors Levering, Agassiz, Silliman, 
and Cooke Lovering leading the list 
with one hundred and sixty-eight, followed 
by Agassiz, who gave one hundred and 
sixteen, next to whom is Silliman, who 
delivered ninety-six, while Dr. Cooke was 
heard ninety-two times. 

Among the lecturers on religious sub- 
jects are the honored names of Palfrey 
and Walker, Andrew P. Peabody, J. L. Di- 
man, George P. Fisher, Richard S. Storrs, 
Lyman Abbott, Mark Hopkins, Henry 
Drummond, and William J. Tucker. 

Literature, philosophy, art, history, and 
education have been represented by men 
like Edward Everett, Sparks, Felton, 

32 The Lowell Institute 

Bowen, J. R. Lowell, Child, Whipple, 
Norton, William Everett, Barnard, Chan- 
ning, Howells, Perkins, Bascom, Clapp, 
Hale, Lanciani, Fiske, Bryce, and Eliot. 

The course delivered by Oliver Wendell 
Holmes in 1852-53 was exceptional; 
being all freshly written lectures, of which 
he said " that the ink thereon had hardly 
time to dry," and each of which was 
concluded with a new and original poem. 

James Russell Lowell's course in 1886- 
87 on "Early English Dramatists" was 
also a memorable one; indeed so popular 
that great difficulty was experienced by 
the management in handling the immense 
audiences which applied during the even- 
ings without tickets. i 

Professor Drummond's course, and the 
recent one by Edward Everett Hale on 
"The Local History and Antiquities of 
Boston," have drawn perhaps as large and 
enthusiastic audiences as any in recent 

Among the many lecturers of the In- 
stitute, there is one whose history is so 

The Lowell Institute 33 

interblended with its own, that he often 
called himself "a child of the Lowell 
Institute " ; and in this close relationship 
both Dr. Josiah Parsons Cooke and the 
Lowell Institute are to be felicitated. It 
was the fulfilment of a relationship the 
like of which may have suggested itself to 
the far-sighted founder. 

When a boy of thirteen years of age, 
Josiah P. Cooke as he told the Boston 
schoolmasters in his address delivered to 
them in 1878, on "The Elementary 
Teaching of Physical Science" attended 
the lectures of Professor Silliman at the 
Odeon. He was one among the throng 
turned away from the Old Corner Book 
Store, when the distribution of tickets 
was stopped, at the time the windows 
were crushed in by the eager appli- 
cants. So great was his disappointment 
on being unable to secure a ticket, that 
his father, ever thoughtful, purchased from 
a fortunate possessor, for a handsome 
price, his much-prized ticket, that the 
future great chemist might attend these 

34 The Lowell Institute 

lectures. Of them Dr. Cooke said : " At 
these lectures I received my first taste of 
real knowledge, and that taste awakened 
an appetite which has never yet been 
satisfied. A boy's pertinacity, favored by 
a kind father's indulgence, found the 
means of repeating in a small way most 
of the experiments seen at the Lowell 
Institute lectures, and thus it came to 
pass that before I entered college I had 
acquired a real, available knowledge of the 
facts of chemistry. My early tastes and 
inheritances were utterly at variance with 
this interest in science, which was simply 
determined by the associations which sat- 
isfied that natural thirst for knowledge 
which every child experiences to a greater 
or less degree, and which I first found at 
the Lowell Institute lectures." 

At sixteen years of age, in the year 
1844, the young student entered Harvard, 
graduating in 1848. In September, 1849, 
after a year's absence in Europe, he re- 
turned to Harvard as a tutor of mathe- 
matics ; and among his first pupils was 

The Lowell Institute 35 

the present president of the University. 
At this time no chemistry was being 
taught to undergraduates ; but within six 
months Professor Cooke began to give 
instruction in this science, in connection 
with his other work. This continued 
until December 30, 1850, when he was 
formally appointed to the professorship 
of chemistry, a position which he held 
for the remainder of his life, a period of 
forty-three years. 

Dr. Cooke said of his preparation for 
this work : " When I was unexpectedly 
called upon to deliver my first course of 
lectures in chemistry, the only laboratory 
in which I had worked was the shed of 
my father's house, on Winthrop Place, 
Boston, and the only apparatus at my 
command was what this boy's laboratory 
contained. With these simple tools or 
because they were so simple I gained 
the means of success which determined 
my career." 

The first course of American lectures 
illustrated by a stereopticon were those on 

36 The Lowell Institute 

" Glaciers," given by Professor Louis 
Agassiz at the Lowell Institute, and illus- 
trated for him by Dr. Cooke. The " ver- 
tical lantern " with which Dr. Cooke 
illustrated his own Lowell lectures on 
"The Chemistry of the Non-Metallic 
Elements," in the season of 1855-56, 
was invented by him for use on this occa- 
sion. The lantern has since become fa- 
mous. But the desire to serve the Lowell 
Institute was the inspiration of its inven- 
tion. In this instance the Lowell Insti- 
tute, in having thus served to develop the 
genius of one who so long and success- 
fully honored America's leading university 
and the Institute itself in the successive 
courses of scientific lectures delivered 
under its auspices, besides for many years 
serving the Academy of Arts and Sciences 
as its president, reached the ideal of a per- 
sonal influence for which the legacy was 
provided. Dr. Cooke's association with the 
institution is full of significance ; and his 
life-long impulse to emphasize the influ- 
ence which the endowment accomplished 

The Lowell Institute 37 

for him must ever be a matter of grati- 
fication to the descendants of John 

Noteworthy among the many things 
to be considered in connection with the 
Institute and its influence in Boston is 
the quality of the audiences which it 
usually assembles for the lectures. They 
are trained audiences, and the attention 
and interest which are given by them to 
continuous courses of even deep scien- 
tific lectures are remarkable. This has 
always been recognized by the lecturers, 
and especially by those from the Old 
World, who have often revised their work 
after their first appearance before the In- 
stitute audience ; this being true even as 
recently as when Professor Drummond 
delivered his admirable course, after find- 
ing that he had entirely underestimated 
the intelligence of his average listener, 
and so rewrote his entire course after 
his arrival in Boston. 

Another influence of such an estab- 
lishment as the Lowell Institute, which, 

38 The Lowell Institute 

though not so obvious at first, is neverthe- 
less distinct and worthy of notice, is that 
on the lecturers themselves. One who is 
going to lecture must consider what will 
be his audience ; and if he is a careful 
scientific man he will, in preparing such 
lectures, study to make everything clear, 
by statements couched in words of es- 
tablished meaning readily understood by 
the average intelligent listener not par- 
ticularly versed in technicalities. In other 
words, learned and scientific men must 
make themselves clearly understood by 
the average auditor. This necessity is 
an influence which is most helpful for 
lecturer and community alike; and this 
good effect has often been seen and ac- 
knowledged by the Institute's lecturers 

Literature has been enriched by the 
publication in book form of many courses 
of lectures prepared and first delivered 
for the Lowell Institute. The recent ap- 
pearance of Professor Drummond's work, 
" The Ascent of Man," is a single illus- 

The Lowell Institute 39 

tration of this fact in this realm of 

The indirect influences of Mr. Lowell's 
endowment are inestimable ; for it has 
touched almost every educational insti- 
tution in the United States. Professor 
Agassiz's engagement as lecturer for the 
Lowell Institute resulted in the establish- 
ment of the Lawrence Scientific School 
at Harvard, with this great man as its 

In 1842 the Prince of Canino, a natu- 
ralist almost as ardent as Agassiz, opened 
a correspondence with the latter regard- 
ing a visit together to this country, in 
which Agassiz was to be the Prince's 
guest. Agassiz was then absorbed in the 
publication of his great work on fossil 
fishes, so that from year to year this 
visit was postponed. In 1845 Agassiz 
wrote the Prince : " I have received an 
excellent piece of news, which I venture to 
believe will greatly please you. The King 
of Prussia, through the ever-thoughtful 
mediation of Humboldt, will grant me fif- 

40 The Lowell Institute 

teen thousand francs for our scientific mis- 
sion to America." At the suggestion of 
Lyell, a mutual friend, Mr. John Amory 
Lowell in this same year invited Agassiz 
to come to Boston and deliver a course 
of lectures before the Lowell Institute. 
Thus encouraged by invitation and pecuni- 
ary aid, he crossed the Atlantic in Octo- 
ber, 1846, and in December made his 
debut in America as a Lowell Institute lec- 
turer. He was not accompanied, however, 
by the Prince of Canino, who then found 
this visit inexpedient. Hitherto Agassiz 
had been the brilliant discoverer; now he 
was to become the explorer and teacher. 
He lectured, and was delighted with his 
audience and the spirit of research that 
his work aroused. The Lowell Institute 
was intended by its founder to fertilize 
the general mind, rather than to instruct 
the select few ; consequently its audience, 
democratic and composed of strongly 
contrasted elements, had from the first a 
marked attraction for Agassiz. A teacher 
in the widest sense, who sought and found 

The Lowell Institute 41 

his pupils in every class, but who in the 
Lowell Institute's audience for the first 
time came into contact with the general 
mass of the people on this common 
ground, this relation strongly influenced 
his final resolve to remain in this country. 
This purpose was reached in 1 847 through 
an offer of Mr. Abbott Lawrence, who 
then expressed his willingness to found the 
Lawrence Scientific School in connection 
with Harvard University, and to guarantee 
a salary to Agassiz as professor of zoology 
and geology. Thereupon Agassiz ob- 
tained an honorable discharge from his 
European engagements, and fixed his 
abode in this country, associating him- 
self with Harvard's great scientific school. 
Agassiz came to Harvard with a new 
method of teaching : he brought power 
and accuracy of observation, and accuracy 
of record ; this revolutionized completely 
the methods followed in all departments 
of the college ; thereby giving a new im- 
pulse to science throughout the entire 
continent. In his son, Professor Alex- 

42 The Lowell Institute 

ander Agassiz, America has also inherited 
from Agassiz a representative of the high- 
est scientific ability and acquirement. 

Professor Tyndall's enthusiasm for 
American science and scholarship and 
their development led him, after his 
Lowell lectures, to give back to America 
the ten thousand dollars he had received 
for his American lectures in gifts for 
scholarships to the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, Columbia College, and Harvard 
University. These institutions now have 
men studying abroad as the result of Pro- 
fessor Tyndall's interest in higher educa- 
tion here, a direct influence of the 
Lowell Institute in having first led Pro- 
fessor Tyndall to know us and appreciate 
our possibilities. 

In carrying out some other provisions 
of the will, chiefly that in which it is 
stated "that besides the free courses 
given for the general public there may be 
others given, more erudite and particular, 
for students," the trustee, in 1866, en- 
tered into an engagement with the Massa- 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology 

The Lowell Institute 43 

chusetts Institute of Technology, whereby 
any persons, male or female, might, with- 
out expense to themselves, attend courses 
of lectures for more advanced students ; 
the appointment of the lecturers and 
the subjects of the lectures to be made 
with the approval of the trustee. These 
courses are generally given in the evening, 
in the class-room of the professors ; from 
year to year they are more or less varied, 
in their entire scope including instruction 
in mathematics, mechanics, physics, draw- 
ing, chemistry, geology, natural history, 
biology, English, French, German, history, 
navigation and nautical astronomy, archi- 
tecture and engineering. Of these lect- 
ures (known as the Lowell free courses 
of instruction in the Institute of Technol- 
ogy) there have been given, during the 
thirty-one years of their existence, four 
thousand two hundred and sixty-five. 
The only conditions of attendance on these 
courses are : first, candidates must have 
attained the age of eighteen years ; sec- 
ondly, their applications must be made 

44 , The Lowell Institute 

in writing, addressed to the secretary of 
the faculty of the Institute of Technol- 
ogy, specifying the course or courses they 
desire to attend, mentioning their present 
or prospective occupation and the extent 
of their preliminary training. 

For many years past the Lowell Insti- 
tute has also furnished instruction in 
science to the school-teachers of Boston, 
both by lessons and lectures, under the 
supervision of the Boston Society of Nat- 
ural History, and more recently has fur- 
nished instruction by lectures to working- 
men under the auspices of the Wells 
Memorial Workingmen's Institute, upon 
practical and scientific subjects. For the 
purpose of promoting industrial art in 
the United States, the trustee, in 1872, 
also established the Lowell School ,of 
Practical Design. The corporation of the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
having approved the purpose and general 
plan of the trustee of the Lowell Insti- 
tute, assumed the responsibility of con- 
ducting it ; and in the same year the first 

Rogers Building 

The Lowell Institute 45 

pupils were admitted. The expenses of 
this school are borne by the Lowell Insti- 
tute, and tuition is free to all pupils. 
The school occupies a drawing-room and 
a weaving-room on Garrison Street. The 
weaving-room affords students opportuni- 
ties for working their designs into actual 
fabrics of commercial size, in every variety 
of material and of texture. The room is 
supplied with two fancy chain-looms for 
dress goods, three fancy chain-looms for 
fancy woollen cassimeres, one gingham 
loom and one Jacquard loom. The school 
is constantly supplied with samples of all 
the novelties in textile fabrics, such as 
brocaded silks, ribbons, armures, and fancy 
woollen goods. Students are taught the 
art of making patterns for prints, ging- 
hams, silks, laces, paper hangings, carpets, 
oil-cloth, etc. The course is of three 
years' duration, and embraces (i) techni- 
cal manipulations ; (2) copying and varia- 
tions of designs ; (3) original designs or 
composition of patterns, ; (4) the making 
of working drawings and finishing of de- 

46 The Lowell Institute 

signs. Instruction is given personally to 
each student over his work, with occa- 
sional general exercises. Information re- 
garding this school is also obtained from 
the secretary of the Institute of Technol- 
ogy. The school has been most successful, 
and in its practical results and extensive 
influence is one of the noblest and most 
helpful of the Lowell Institute's great 

Such is the history of a truly noble en- 
dowment, which has been well defined as 
" a public beneficence to be kept in the 
Lowell family and dispensed by it for the 
public good." 

The few sentences "penned with a tired 
hand " by John Lowell, Jr., on the top of 
a palace of the Pharaohs, were the expres- 
sion of a great and liberal spirit in its last 
aspiration for the welfare of home and 
native land. 

As we leave with our readers, in con- 
clusion, the complete list of the lectures 
and lecturers of these fifty-nine years, 
reflecting that we have seen only its first 

The Lowell Institute 47 

half-century of existence, with the know- 
ledge that so long as time lasts this 
memorial of Mr. Lowell's interest in our 
higher life will abide, we can but feel that 
it already has fulfilled what Mr. Everett 
in his opening address said it must ac- 

" Let the foundation of Mr. Lowell's," 
he exclaimed, " stand on the principles 
prescribed by him ; let the fidelity with 
which it is now administered continue to 
direct it; and no language is emphatic 
enough to do full justice to its impor- 
tance. It will be from generation to gen- 
eration a perennial source of public good, 
a dispensation of sound science, of useful 
knowledge, of truth in its important asso- 
ciations with the destiny of man. These 
are blessings which cannot die. They will 
abide when the sands of the desert shall 
have covered what they have hitherto 
spared of the Egyptian temples ; and 
they will render the name of Lowell, in 
all wise and moral estimation, more truly 
illustrious than that of any Pharaoh en- 

4 8 

The Lowell Institute 

graven on their walls. These endow- 
ments belong to the empire of the mind, 
which alone of human things is immortal ; 
and they will remain as a memorial of his 
Christian liberality, when all that is ma- 
terial shall have vanished as a scroll." 


A List of Lecturers and the Subjects of 
their Lectures in the Lowell Institute,* 

No. of Lectures ... , i * QQQ AA No. of Lectures 

Announced Dec - 31 > 1839-40 G l ven 

I (r)t Hon. Edward Everett, LL.D. 

Introductory. Memoir of John 

Lowell, Jr 2 

I2(r) Prof. Benjamin Silliman, LL.D. 

Geology 24 

8 Rev. John G. Palfrey, D.D. 

Evidences of Christianity . . 8 
9(r) Prof. Thomas Nuttall, A.M. 

Botany 18 


I2(r) Prof. Joseph Lovering, A.M. 

Electricity and Electro-magnetism 24 
iz(r) Jeffries Wyman, M.D. 

Comparative Anatomy ... 24 
12 Rev. James Walker, D.D. 

Natural Religion 12 

I2(r) Prof. Benjamin Silliman, LL.D. 

Chemistry 24 

* Lectures maintained by the Lowell Institute, but not immediately 
under its own management, are not included in this list (see pp. 42-46). 
The titles of the lecturers and their subjects as here given are as a rule 
those submitted for public announcement by the lecturers themselves. 

t (r) signifies that the lectures were repeated before a second audience. 

50 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

8 Rev. John G. Palfrey, D.D. 

Evidences of Christianity . . 8 

iz(r) Charles Lyell, F.R.S. 

Geology 24 

8 Rev. John G. Palfrey, D.D. 

Evidences of Christianity . . 8 
12 (r) Prof. Joseph Levering, A.M. 

Mechanical Laws of Matter . . 24 
12 Rev. James Walker, D.D. 

Natural Religion 12 

I2(r) Prof. Benjamin Silliman, LL.D. 

Chemistry 24 


I2(r) Prof. J. Lovering, A.M. 

Astronomy 24 

12 Prof. Jared Sparks, LL.D. 

American History 12 

12 Prof. J. Walker, D.D. 

Natural Religion 12 

I2(r) Prof. B. Silliman, LL.D. 

Chemistry 24 

1 2 (r) George R. Glidden, Esq. 

Ancient Egypt ..... 24 

The Lowell Institute 51 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

12 (r) Prof. J. Levering, A.M. 

Optics 24 

12 Pres. Mark Hopkins, D.D. 

Evidences of Christianity . . 12 
I2(r) Prof. Asa Gray, M.D. 

Botany 24 


1 2 (r) Arthur Gilman, Esq. 

Architecture 24 

I2(r) Prof. Henry D. Rogers, F.G.S. 

Geology 24 

12 Prof. Alonzo Potter, D.D. 

Natural Religion 12 

I2(r) Prof. Asa Gray, M.D. 

Botany 24 


I2(r) Charles Lyell, Esq., F.R.S. 

Geology 24 

1 2 (r) i . Lieut. H. W. Halleck, United States 

The Military Art 13 

12 (r) Prof. Asa Gray, M.D. 

Botany 24 

12 (r) Prof. Joseph Lovering, A.M. 

Astronomy 24 

52 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures 1 QACAI* No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

12 (r) Prof. Henry D. Rogers, F.G.S. 

Geology 24 

12 Rt. Rev. A. Potter, D.D. 

Natural Religion 12 

12 (r) Prof. Louis Agassiz, M.D. 

The Plan of Creation as shown 
in the Animal Kingdom. One 

French Lecture 25 

1 2 (r) Prof. O. M. Mitchell. 

Astronomy 24 

1 2 Geo. S. Hillard, Esq. 

Life and Writings of Milton . . 12 


1 2 (r) Prof. Eben N. Horsford. 

Chemistry 24 

12 Rev. Alonzo Potter, D.D. 

Natural Religion 12 

1 2 (r) Prof. L. Agassiz, 

Ichthyology 24 

8 Francis Bowen, A.M. 

Systems of Philosophy as affect- 
ing Religion 8 


1 2 (r) Prof. Adolphus L. Kceppen. 

Ancient and Modern Athens . 24 

The Lowell Institute 53 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

1 2 (r) Prof. L. Agassiz. 

Comparative Embryology . . 24 
12 (r) Prof. Jeffries Wyman, M.D. 

Comparative Physiology ... 24 
12 Prof. Francis Bowen, A.M. 

Application of Ethical Science to 

the Evidences of Religion . . 12 
1 2 (r) Prof. Henry D. Rogers. 

Application of Science to the Use- 
ful Arts 24 

I2(r) Prof. Wm. H. Harvey, M.D. 

Cryptogamia 24 

12 Rt. Rev. Alonzo Potter, D.D. 

Natural Religion 12 

1 2 Geo. T. Curtis, Esq. 

Constitution of the United States 1 2 
1 2 (r) Prof. Edward Lasell. 

Physical Forces 24 

12 (r) Prof. James F. W. Johnston, F.R.S. 

Agriculture 24 

12 Prof. Francis Bowen, A.M. 

Political Economy . . . . 12 
12 Prof. L. Agassiz. 

Functions of Life in Lower Ani- 
mals . 1 2 

54 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

12 Rev. Geo. W. Blagden, D.D. 

Evidences of Revealed Religion . 1 2 
12 Prof. Arnold Guyot, Ph.D. 

Physical Geography . . . . 12 

12 Rev. Orville Dewey, D.D. 

Natural Religion. " Problem of 

Human Destiny " . . . . 12 
12 Prof. C. C. Felton, LL.D. 

Greek Poetry 12 

12 B. A. Gould, Jr., Ph.D. The Progress of 
Astronomy in the last Half- 
century 12 

12 Francis Bowen, A.M. 

Origin and Development of the 
English and American Consti- 
tutions 12 

12 Sir Charles Lyell, F.R.S. 

Geology, etc 12 

1 2 Chas. B. Goodrich, Esq. 

Science of Government, etc. . 1 2 
12 Rt. Rev. Alonzo Potter, D.D. 

Natural Religion 12 

12 Prof. C. C. Felton. 

Life of Greece . . 12 

The Lowell Institute 55 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

ix Dr. O. W. Holmes. 

English Poetry of the 191)1 
Century 12 


10 Fellows of the American Academy of 

Arts and Sciences . . . . 10 
(*) Prof. Joseph Levering. 

What is Matter ? 
(^) Prof. Joseph Levering. 
What are Bodies ? 
(f) Charles Jackson, Jr. 

History of the Useful Arts. 
(</) Prof. H. L. Eustis. 

The Britannia Bridge. 
0) Prof. J. P. Cooke, Jr. 

(/) Prof. A. Guyot. 

Psychological and Physical Char- 
acters of the Nations of Europe 
compared with those of the 
American People. 
() Prof. A. Guyot. 

The same subject continued. 
() Dr. A. A. Gould. 

Aquatic Life. 
(/) Prof. Joel Parker. 

The Science of the Law. 

56 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

(y) Prof. H. D. Rogers. 

The Arctic Regions. 

12 Prof. L. Agassiz. 

Natural History 12 

12 Prof. J. Lovering. 

Electricity 12 

4 E. H. Davis. 

Mounds and Earthworks of the 

Mississippi Valley .... 4 
12 Rev. Orville Dewey. 

Problem of Human Destiny . . 12 


12 Prof. C. C. Felton. 

On the Downfall and Resurrec- 
tion of Greece 12 

12 Hon. John G. Palfrey. 

New England History . . 12 

24 James Russell Lowell. 

English Poetry 24 

6 Rev. Frederic H. Hedge. 

Mediaeval History .... 6 


1 2 Rev. Orville Dewey. 

Education of the Human Race . 1 2 

The Lowell Institute 57 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

12 Rev. W. H. Milburn. 

Early History and Settlement of 

the Mississippi Valley ... 12 
6 Geo. W. Curtis. 

Contemporaneous English Fiction 6 
12 Prof. J. P. Cooke, Jr. 

Chemistry of the Non-metallic 

Elements 12 

1 2 Prof. E. Vitalis Scharb. 

The Great Religious and Philo- 
sophical Poems of Modern 
Times . 1 2 


12 Dr. Geo. W. Burnap. 

Anthropology 12 

6 Prof. Guglielmo Gajani. 

Early Italian Reformers ... 6 
6 Lieut. M. F. Maury. 

Winds and Currents of the Sea . 6 
12 Rev. Henry Giles. 

Human Life in Shakespeare . . 12 
6 Dr. David B. Reid. 

Ventilation and Acoustics . . 6 
12 Rev. Wm. R. Alger. 

The History of the Doctrine of a 
Future Life . 1 2 

58 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

12 Prof. Wm. B. Rogers. 

Elementary Laws of Physics . . 12 


12 Rev. Henry W. Bellows. 

Treatment of Social Diseases . 12 
1 2 Reinhold Solger. 

History of the Reformation . . 12 
1 2 Rev. Thomas T. Stone. 

English Literature .... 12 
12 Prof. Francis Bowen. 

Practical English Philosophers and 
Metaphysicians from Bacon to 
Sir Wm. Hamilton . . 12 

1 2 Rev. John Lord. 

Lights of the New Civilization . 12 
4 Dr. Isaac Ray. 

Mental Hygiene ..... 4 


12 Prof. F. D. Huntington. 

On the Structure, Relations, and 
Offices of Human Society 
as illustrating the Power, Wis- 
dom, and Goodness of the 
Creator . 1 2 

The Lowell Institute 


No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

12 Prof. William B. Rogers. 

On Water and Air in their Me- 
chanical, Chemical, and Vital 

Relations 12 

12 Prof. S. G. Brown. 

British Orators 12 

8 Rev. William R. Alger. 

Poetical Ethics 8 

12 Edwin P. Whipple. 

The Literature of the Age of 
Elizabeth 12 

12 Prof. C. C. Felton. 

Constitution and Orators of 

Greece 12 

1 2 Dr. Reinhold Solger. 

Rome, Christianity, and the Rise 

of Modern Civilization . . 12 
1 2 Rev. Thomas Hill. 

Mutual Relation of the Sciences . 1 2 
12 Prof. Joseph Lovering. 

Astronomy 12 

12 Rev. Henry Giles. 

Social Culture and Character . 1 2 

12 Rev. James Walker. 

Philosophy of Religion ... 12 

6o The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of ^Lectures 

Announced Given 

12 Hon. George P. Marsh. 

Origin and History of the English 

Language 12 

I 2 Rev. Mark Hopkins. 

Moral Philosophy . . . . 12 
12 Prof. Benjamin Peirce. 

Mathematics in the Cosmos . . 12 
1 2 Prof. Josiah P. Cooke, Jr. 

Chemistry of the Atmosphere 
as illustrating the Wisdom, 
Power, and Goodness of God 1 2 

12 Prof. L. Agassiz. 

Methods of Study in Natural 

History 12 

12 Rev. Geo. E. Ellis. 

Natural Religion 12 

12 Rev. Robert C. Waterston. 

Art in Connection with Civiliza- 
tion 12 

12 Prof. Wm. B. Rogers. 

Application of Science to Art . 1 2 
12 Guglielmo Gajani. 

Italian Independence . . . . 12 

12 Rev. Henry Giles. 

Historic Types of Civilized Man 1 2 

The Lowell Institute 61 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

6 Capt. William Steffen. 

Military Organization ... 6 
1 2 Charles Eliot Norton. 

The Thirteenth Century ...12 
12 Prof. Geo. W. Greene. 

American Revolution ... 12 
12 Rev. Dr. A. P. Peabody. 

Natural Religion 12 

6 Capt. E. Lesdakelyi. 

Field Service 6 

1 2 Prof. Henry W. Alden. 

Structure of Paganism ... 12 
10 Prof. Daniel Wilson. 

Ethnical Archaeology . . . . i o 
6 Rev. J. C. Fletcher. 

Man and Nature in the Tropics 6 
1 2 William Everett. 

The University of Cambridge, 

England 12 

1 2 Prof. Henry James Clark. 

The Origin of Life ....12 
12 Henry Barnard. 

National Education .... 12 

12 Rev. Henry Giles. The Divine Element 

in Human Nature . 12 

62 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

1 2 Rev. J. C. Zachos. 

English Poets 12 

1 2 Prof. William D. Whitney. 

Language and the Study of Lan- 
guage 12 

3 Col. Francis J. Lippitt. 

On Entrenchments .... 3 
1 2 Prof. Josiah P. Cooke, Jr. 

The Sunbeam, its Nature and its 

Power 12 

6 J. Foster Kirk. 

Life and Manners in the Middle 

Ages 6 

8 Prof. L. Agassiz. 

Glaciers and the Ice Period . 8 


1 2 Prof. Francis Bowen. 

Finances of the War . . . . 12 
6 Rev. E. Burgess. 

Indian Archaeology .... 6 
12 Richard Frothingham. 

American History, Union . . 12 
12 Samuel Eliot, LL.D. 

Evidences of Christianity . . 12 
1 2 Prof. J. P. Lesley. 

Anthropology 12 

The Lowell Institute 63 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

1 2 Rev. J. C. Fletcher. 

Pompeii 12 

6 Edward A. Samuels. 

Music and its History ... 6 
12 Prof. Joseph Levering. 

Sound and Light 12 

12 Prof. P. A. Chadbourne. 

Natural Religion 12 

4 Dr. Burt G. Wilder. 

The Silk Spider of South Carolina 4 


12 Prof. L. Agassiz. 

Brazil 12 

12 Chas. S. Peirce, S.D. 

The Logic of Science and Induc- 
tion 12 

12 T. Sterry Hunt, F.R.S. 

Chemical and Physical Geography I 2 
12 Wm. P. Atkinson. 

English Literature . . . . 12 
12 E. Geo. Squier. 

The Inca Empire . . . . 12 
12 Rev. E. Burgess. 

The Antiquity of Man ... 12 
12 R. H. Dana, Jr., LL.D. 

International Law 12 

64 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

12 Rev. W. L. Gage. 

Biblical Geography .... 12 

12 Win. T. Brigham. 

Volcanic Phenomena . . . . 12 
12 Hon. Emory Washburn. 

Comparative Jurisprudence . . 12 
12 Mark Hopkins, D.D. 

Moral Science 12 

12 Robert Morris Copeland. 

Improved Agriculture and Land- 
scape Gardening . . . . 12 
12 Capt. N. E. Atwood. 

Fisheries of Massachusetts Bay . 1 2 
12 Prof. D'Arcy W. Thompson. 

Education 12 

12 Rev. A. P. Peabody. 

Reminiscences of European Trav- 
els 12 

12 Howard Payson Arnold. 

The Great Exposition, Paris, of 
1867 12 


12 Robert von Schlagintweit. 

Orography and Physical Geogra- 
phy of High Asia . . . . 12 

The Lowell Institute 65 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

6 Alex. Melville Bell. 

Elocution 6 

12 Rev. A. A. Livermore. 

The Debt of the World to Chris- 
tianity 12 

1 2 Prof. J. P. Cooke, Jr. 

Electricity. ......12 

1 2 Geo. W. Greene. 

The American Revolution . . 12 

13 Members of Massachusetts Historical So- 

ciety : The Early History of 

Massachusetts 13 

(a) Robert C. Winthrop. 

() Rev. George E. Ellis. 

Aims and Objects of the Founders. 

(r) Rev. George E. Ellis. 

Treatment of Intruders. 

(//) Samuel T. Haven. 

Grants under the Great Council. 
(*) William Brigham. 

The Plymouth Colony. 
(/*) Prof. Emory Washburn. 

Slavery in Massachusetts. 
() Rev. Charles W. Upham. 

Records of Massachusetts. 

66 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

() Prof. Oliver Wendell Holmes. 

The Medical Profession in Mas- 
(/') Samuel Eliot. 

Efforts for the Indians, 
(y) Rev. Chandler Robbins. 

The Regicides. 
() Prof. Joel Parker. 

Religious Legislation. 
(/) Rev. Edward Everett Hale. 

Puritan Politics. 
(z) George B. Emerson. 

Education in Massachusetts. 

12 Rev. Ed. A. Lawrence. 

Providence in History . . 12 

12 Alexander Hyde, A.M. 

Agriculture 12 

6 Dr. F. G. Lemercier. 

Physiology of Man, Animals, and 
Plants 6 

12 Prof. L. Agassiz. 

Deep Sea Dredging . . . . 12 
12 John Bascom. 

Mental Philosophy . . . . 12 
12 Wm. H. Channing. 

Progress of Civilization . . 12 

The Lowell Institute 67 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

12 W. H. Niks. 

Geological History, Ancient and 

Modern 12 

1 2 Hurt G. Wilder. 

Hands and Feet of Mammalia . 1 2 
12 Rev. E. E. Hale. 

Divine Method in Human Life . 12 
12 Members of the American Social Science 

Association 12 

O) C. C. Perkins. 

Art Education in the United States. 
(J) F. L. Olmsted. 
Public Parks, 
(f) Prof. Francis Bacon. 

Civilization and Health. 
(</) Gen. T. A. Duncan. 

The American System of Patents. 
0) Prof. D. C. Gilman. 

Scientific Technical Instruction. 
(/) Prof. B. Peirce. 

The Coast Survey. 
() Prof. Raphael Pumpelly. 

The Chinese Question. 
() E. L. Godkin. 

Rationalism in Legislation. 
(;') William B. Ogden. 

Material Growth of the North- 

68 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

(j) George Derby, M.D. 

Air in its Relation to Health. 
(J) Pres. T. D. Woolsey. 

The Sphere of Public Power. 
(/) David Dudley Field. 

The Representation of Minorities. 

1 2 Albert S. Bickmore. 

China and the Chinese ... 12 

12 Alex. M. Bell. 

Shakespeare and his Plays . . 12 
12 Wm. D. Howells. 

Italian Poets of Our Century . 1 2 
1 2 Edward S. Morse. 

Natural History 12 

12 Thomas Hill, D.D., LL.D. 

Natural Sources of Theology . 12 
12 Rev. Geo. E. Ellis. 

The Provincial History of Mas- 
sachusetts 12 

12 Rev. R. C. Waterston. 

-N The Rocky Mountains and the 

Sierra Nevada of California . 1 2 
12 Prof. Geo. P. Fisher. 

The Reformation 12 

1 2 Pres. Paul A. Chadbourne. 

Instinct 1 2 

The Lowell Institute 69 

No. of Lectures i QTI "o No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

1 2 Edward Lawrence. 

The Philosophy of Travel . . 12 
12 Alex. M. Bell. 

Modern British Authors ... 12 
12 Wm. T. Brigham. 

Water as a Geological Agent . 1 2 
1 2 Charles C. Perkins. 

Grecian Art 12 

12 Rev. Mark Hopkins. 

An Outside Study of Man . . 12 
12 Chas. F. Hart. 

Geology of Brazil 12 

12 N. S. Shaler. 

Geology of Mountain Ranges . 1 2 
12 Wm. P. Atkinson. 

English Literature . . . . 12 


6 Prof. John Tyndall. 

Light and Heat . . . , . 6 
1 2 Walter Smith. 

Linear Perspective . . . . 12 
1 2 Prof. J. P. Cooke, Jr. 

The New Chemistry ... 12 
12 Sanborn Tenney. 

The Physical Structure and Re- 
sources of United States 1 2 

yo The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

12 Isaac I. Hayes, M.D. 

Arctic Discoveries . . . . 12 
12 Hon. B. G. Northrop. 

American and Foreign Education 1 2 
12 Prof. G. L. Goodale. 

Vegetable Physiology . . 12 

12 B. W. Hawkins. 

Comparative Anatomy . . 12 

4 C. E. Brown-Sequard. 

Physiology of Mental Faculties . 4 

1 2 Richard A. Proctor. 

Astronomy 12 

6 J. T. Fields, Esq. 

Modern English Literature . . 6 
1 2 Prof. John Bascom. 

Philosophy of English Literature 12 
12 Prof. E. C. Pickering. 

Practical Applications of Elec- 
tricity 12 

12 Prof. Samuel Kneeland. 

Rocky Mts., California, and 

Sandwich Islands . . . . 12 
6 C. E. Brown-Sequard, M.D. 

Nervous Force 6 

12 Chas. C. Perkins, A.M. 

Italian Art 1 2 

The Lowell Institute 71 

No. of Lectures lfi"d 7 1 ; ^- ^ Lectures 

Announced Given 

12 Rev. A. P. Peabody, D.D. 

Christianity and Science ... 12 
3 Prof. Bonamy Price. 

Currency and Finance ... 3 
I 2 John Trowbridge. 

Recent Advances in Electricity . 1 2 
6 Prof. Samuel Kneeland. 

Iceland 6 

12 C. F. Adams, Jr., Esq. 

Railroads and their Development 1 2 
12 Prof. W. H. Niles. 

The Atmosphere and its Phe- 
nomena 12 

12 Rev. H. G. Spaulding. 

Antiquities of Rome, Christian 
and Pagan 12 

5 John T. Wood, B.A., F.R.S. 

The Great Temple of Diana . 5 


I 2 Richard A. Proctor. 

Astronomical Subjects . . 12 

1 2 Rev. W. L. Gage. 

Wayside Notes in Palestine . . 12 

6 Wm. A. Hovey, Esq. 

Coal, Steam, Iron, Steel, Gas, 
and Glass . 6 

72 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lecture* 

Announced Given 

6 F. B. Hough, Esq. 

Forestry ....... 6 

12 Prof. S. Tenney. 

Geology 12 

12 Prof. C. A. Young. 

Popular Astronomy . . . . 12 
12 Prof. Geo. P. Fisher. 

The Rise of Christianity ...12 
1 2 Rev. James T. Bixby. 

The Physical Theory of Religious 
Faith 12 


12* Prof. C. E. Norton. 

Church Building in the Middle 

Ages 12 

6 Luigi Monti. 

Modern Italian Literature . . 6 
12 Pres. P. A. Chadbourne. 

Natural Religion 12 

1 2 Members of the American Social Science 

Association 12 

(4) Samuel Eliot. 

Educational Service Reform. 

* Prof. Norton began this course the previous year, but on account 
of his ill health the course was postponed, after two lectures, to the season 
of 1876-77. 

The Lowell Institute 73 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

(J) Prof. B. Peirce. 

Form, Law, and Plan in the 

(<) F. B. Sanborn. 

The Province of Social Science. 
(</) Emory Washburn. 

American Jurisprudence. 
(0 David A. Wells. 

Financial Depressions. 
(/) Pres. Runkle. 

Russian Industrial Education. 
() Gamaliel Bradford. 

Comparative Politics. 
() Prof. Franz von Holtzendorff. 

European Jurisprudence. 
(/) Prof. W. R. Nichols. 

Sanitary Chemistry. 
( Carroll D. Wright. 

The Census of Massachusetts. 
() Prof. Henry Adams. 

Woman's Rights in History. 
(/) Prof. F. A. Walker. 

The Labor question. 

6 Prof. N. Cyr. 

Contemporary France ... 6 
12 Rev. H. G. Spaulding. 

Roman and Pagan Life in the 
First Century 12 

74 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

12 Prof. Wm. R. Ware. 

Architecture 12 

1 2 Rev. Edward C. Guild. 

English Lyric Poetry in the 

Seventeenth Century . . 12 

1 2 Prof. Francis J. Child. 

Chaucer 12 


12 Prof. Carl Semper. 

Conditions of Existence of Ani- 
mal Life 12 

1 2 Bayard Taylor. 

German Literature . . . . 12 
1 2 Gamaliel Bradford, Esq. 

History of British India ... 12 
12 Wm. Everett. 

Latin Poets and Poetry ... 12 
12 Chas. C. Perkins. 

History of the Art of Engraving . 1 2 


6 Prof. Wm. James, M.D. 

The Brain and the Mind . . 6 
1 2 Rev. Selah Merrill. 

Recent Explorations of the East . 1 2 
6 Chas. S. Minot, S.D. 

The Phenomena of Animal Life . 6 

The Lowell Institute 75 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

1 2 Prof. J. P. Cooke, Jr. 

Crystals and their Optical Rela- 
tions 12 

6 Chas. Wyllis Elliott. 

Household Life and Art in Middle 

Ages 6 

4 Gen. L. P. Di Cesnola. 

Cyprus, its Ancient Art and His- 
tory 4 

1 2 Prof. Francis A. Walker. 

Money 12 

1 2 Prof. Francis J. Child. 

Popular Ballads of England and 

Scotland 12 

6 Prof. Benj. Peirce. 

Ideality in the Physical Sciences . 6 
12 Rev. Geo. E. Ellis, D.D. 

The Red Man and the White 

Man 12 

6 Thomas Davidson, Esq. 

Modern Greece 6 


6 Prof. Archibald Geikie. 

Geographical Evolution ... 6 
12 Prof. Joseph Levering. 

Physical Science 12 

j6 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

12 Prof. W. G. Farlow. 

Lower Orders of Plant Life . . 12 
1 2 Prof. John Trowbridge. 

Philosophy of Science ... 12 
2 Rt. Hon. Lyon Playfair, M.P., F.R.S., LL.D. 
() Inosculation of the Arts and 


(J) Public Health .... 2 
6 Hon. Carroll D. Wright. 

The Labor Question Ethically 

considered 6 

12 Prof. W. H. Niles. 

Physical Geography of the Land 1 2 
12 Rev. J. F. Clarke, D.D. 

Epochs and Events in Religious 

History 12 

6 Prof. Henry W. Haynes. 

Pre-historic Archaeology of Europe 2 
1 2 Prof. J. L. Diman. 

The Theistic Argument ... 12 
6 Henry Cabot Lodge, Esq. 

English Colonies in America, 
1760 6 


1 2 Prof. W. Boyd Dawkins. 

Primeval Man . .... 1 2 

The Lowell Institute 77 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

6 Luigi Monti. 

Dante, and his Times and Works 6 
6 Wm. F. Apthorp. 

The Growth of the Art of 

Music 6 

12 O. W. Holmes, Jr. 

The Common Law . . . . 12 
4 Geo. Makepeace Towle. 

Famous Men of Our Day . . 4 
6 Thomas Davidson. 

The History of Greek Sculpture . 6 
6 Chas. Carleton Coffin. 

Machinery and Modern Civiliza- 
tion 6 

12 Rev. E. C. Bolles. 

Historic London 12 

3 G. P. Lathrop. 

Symbolism of Color in Nature, 
Art, Literature, and Life . . 3 

10 Rev. Richard Salter Storrs, D.D. 

The Divine Origin of Christianity I o 

6 Prof. M. Coit Tyler. 

American Literature of the Revo- 
lution 6 

i Rev. W. H. Milburn. 

Recollections of Thomas Carlyle I 

7 8 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures , OQ1 fio No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

6 Edward A. Freeman, D.C.L. 

The English People in their Three 

Homes 6 

12 Gamaliel Bradford, Esq. 

Modern Europe, Social and Poli- 
tical 12 

12 Prof. Simon Newcomb. 

History of Astronomy ... 12 

8 James Bryce, D.C.L., M.P. 

Past and Present of the Greek and 
Turkish East 8 

1 2 Prof. Edward S. Morse. 

Japan 12 

6 Edward B. Drew, A.M. 

China 6 

12 James F. Clarke, D.D. 

The Comparative Theology of 
Ethnic and Catholic Religions 12 

6 Hjalmar H. Boyesen, Ph.D. 

The Icelandic Saga Literature . 6 

6 Horace E. Scudder. 

Childhood in Literature and Art 6 

The Lowell Institute 79 

No. of Lectures IQQO QQ No. of Lectures 

Announced 188<!-8iJ Given 

1 2 Wm. B. Carpenter, M.D., LL.D., F.R.S. 
Physical Geography of the Deep 

Sea 12 

12 Prof. G. L. Goodale. 

Geographical Botany .... 12 
6 Prof. T. C. Mendenhall. 

Motion and Matter .... 6 
12 Dr. Samuel Kneeland. 

The Philippine Islands ... 12 
3 W. M. Davis. 

Storms 3 

2 J. W. Fewkes. 

Jelly Fishes 2 

12 Prof. Samuel P. Langley. 

The Sun and Stars . . . . 12 
1 2 Prof. James T. Bixby. 

Inductive Philosophy of Religion 1 2 
6 Prof. Frederick W. Putnam. 

American Archeology ... 6 


1 2 Rev. J. G. Wood. 

Structure of Animal Life ... 12 
12 Prof. E. S. Morse. 

Japan 12 

8o The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

iz Prof. Chas. R. Cross. 

Sound . . . . . . . . . 12 

6 Mr. W. M. Davis. 

Winds, Cyclones, and Tornadoes 6 
1 2 Dr. T. Sterry Hunt. 

Mineral Physiology . . . . 12 

6 Mr. Geo. Kennan. 

Asiatic Russia 6 

10 Rev. Edward C. Mitchell. 

Biblical Science and Modern Dis- 
covery 10 

6 Dr. Morris Longstreth. 

The Germ Theory of Disease . 6 


6 Prof. R. S. Ball, LL.D., F.R.S. 

Chapters on Modern Astronomy 6 
6 Dr. Thomas D wight. 

The Mechanics of Bone and 

Muscle 6 

6 Prof. Edmund W. Gosse. 

The Transition from Shakespeare 

to Pope 6 

6 Dr. David G. Brinton. 

North American Indians ... 6 
6 Frederick A. Ober. 

Mexico and its People ... 6 

The Lowell Institute 81 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

6 Rev. Leighton Parks. 

Christianity and the Early Aryan 

Religions 6 

6 Edward Stanwood, Esq. 

Early Party Contests .... 6 
12 Gen. F. A. Walker. 

The United States as Seen in the 

Census 12 

6 John C. Ropes, Esq. 

The First Napoleon .... 6 


7 Rev. H. R. Haweis. 

Music and Morals .... 7 

8 Prof. James R. Soley, U.S.N. 

The American Navy .... 8 
6 Thomas D. Lockwood. 

The Electric Telegraph and Tele- 
phone 6 

6 A. G. Sedgwick, Esq. 

Law 6 

1 2 Prof. Francis J. Child. 

Early English Poetry . . . . 12 
8 Rev. James De Normandie. 

The Sunday Question ... 8 
12 Prof. Chas. A. Young. 

Popular Astronomy . . . . 12 

82 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

1 2 (r) Officers of Both Armies. 

The Late Civil War. (Lecturers 
selected by the Military Hist- 
orical Society of Massachusetts) 1 2 

(/?) Gen. Charles Devens. 

(J) Col. J. Hotchkiss. 

Pope's Campaign, 
(c) Gen. G. H. Gordon. 

(</) Col. Theodore A. Dodge. 

0) Col. W. Allan. 

Stonewall Jackson. 
(/) Gen. Francis A. Walker. 

() Col. T. L. Livermore. 

The Northern Volunteers. 
() Major H. Kyd Douglass. 

The Southern Volunteers. 
(/') Gen. Wm. F. Smith. 

(_/') John C. Ropes, Esq. 

The Campaign of 1 864. 

(/*) Col. Henry Stone. 

Franklin and Nashville. 

The Lowell Institute 83 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

(/) Col. Frederick C. Newhall. 

The Last Campaign .... 24 


8 Alfred Russell Wallace, LL.D. 

Darwinism and some of its Ap- 
plications 8 

1 2 Prof. Rodolfo Lanciani. 

Recent Archaeological Discoveries 

in Rome 12 

6 Sir J. William Dawson, LL.D., F.R.S. 
The Development of Plants in 

Geological Times .... 6 
6 Wm. F. Apthorp, Esq. 

Music 6 

4 Dr. Leonard Waldo. 

Horology 4 

8 Geo. M. Towle, Esq. 

Foreign Governments ... 8 
6 Mr. Henry A. Clapp. 

Shakespearean Dramas ... 6 
6 (r) James Russell Lowell. 

Early English Dramatists ... 12 


6 (r) Mr. Henry A. Clapp. 

Dramas of Shakespeare ... 12 

84 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

1 2 Prof. J. P. Cooke. 

Necessary Limitation of Scientific 

Thought 12 

8 Rev. G. Frederick Wright. 

The Ice Age in North America . 8 
6 James R. Gilmore. 

The Early Southwest .... 6 
8 John S. Billings, M.D., U.S.A. 

The History of Medicine . . 8 
8 Prof. James Russell Soley, U.S.N. 

European Neutrality during the 

Civil War 8 

6 Prof. D. G. Lyon. 

Ancient Assyrian Life ... 6 
6 Prof. George L. Goodale. 

Forests and Forest Products . . 6 


8 Prof. Charles H. Moore. 

Gothic Architecture .... 8 
6 Ivan Panin. 

Russian Literature .... 6 
4 Eadweard Muybridge. 

Animal Locomotion .... 4 
8 Prof. N. S. Shaler. 

Geographical Conditions and Life 8 
6 Wm. Bradford, Esq. 

Wonders of the Polar World . 6 

The Lowell Institute 85 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

6 Col. Theodore A. Dodge. 

Great Captains 6 

8 Richard Salter Storrs, D.D. 

Bernard of Clairvaux .... 8 
6 George Kennan. 

Eastern Siberia 6 

8 Prof. Edward S. Morse. 

Peoples and Institutions Abroad . 8 


8 Prof. Edward D. Cope. 

The Evolution of the Vertebrata 8 
2 Carl Lumholtz, M.A. 

Amopg Australian Natives . . 2 
8 C. C. Coffin. 

The Unwritten and Secret His- 
tory of the Late Confederacy . 8 
6 Prof. Thomas M. Drown. 

Water Supply in its Relation to 

Public Health 6 

8 Prof. William G. Farlow. 

Lower Forms of Plant Life . . 8 
12 John Fiske, Litt.D., LL.D. 

The Discovery and Colonization 

of America 12 

8 Louis Dyer, Esq. 

The Gods in Greece as Known 
by Recent Excavations . . 8 

The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

7 Augustus Le Plongeon, M.D. 

Ancient American Civilization . 7 
6 Prof. William Rotch Ware. 

Equestrian Monuments ... 6 


6 Hon. John A. Kasson, LL.D. 

Diplomacy and Diplomatists . . 6 

7 Louis Fagan. 

Treasures of the British Museum 7 

8 Prof. Barrett Wendell. 

English Composition .... 8 
8(r) Mr. Henry A. Clapp. 

Dramas and Sonnets of Shake- 
speare 1 6 

8 Prof. Charles E. Munroe. 

Explosive Substances .... 8 
6 George M. Towle. 

The Era of Elizabeth ... 6 
8 Francis G. Peabody, D.D. 

The Ethics of the Social Question 8 
10 Prof. James Geikie, D.C.L., LL.D., 

Europe During and After the Ice 

Age 10 

3 A. Lawrence Rotch, S.B. 

Mountain Meteorology ... 3 

The Lowell Institute 87 

No. of Lectures , Q QI no No. of Lectures 

Announced 188J1-94 Giyen 

6 Oliver W. Huntington, Ph.D. 

Meteorites 6 

6 Charles W. Eliot. 

Recent Educational Changes and 

Tendencies 6 

8 Charles Valentine Riley, Ph.D. 

Entomology 8 

8 Rev. Lyman Abbott, D.D. 

The Evolution of Christianity . 8 
8 William Everett, Ph.D., Litt.D. 

Saints and Saintly Service . . 8 
8 Prof. A. V. G. Allen, D.D. 

Christian Institutions ; their Ori- 
gin, Development and Results 8 
10 Prof. G. Frederick Wright. 

The Origin and Antiquity of the 

Human Race 10 

6 George L. Fox, M.A. 

The Public Schools of England . 6 
8 John Murray, Ph.D. 

Oceanography 8 


4 (r) Mr. Henry A. Clapp. 

Dramas of Shakespeare 
6 Prof. T. C. Mendenhall. 

Earth Measuring . 

88 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

12 Mr. C. S. Peirce. 

The History of Science ... I z 
8 Prof. Josiah P. Cooke, LL.D. 

Photograph Sketches of Egypt . 8 
6 Louis C. Elson. 

Music, its Origin and Develop- 
ment 6 

6 George H. Martin, A.M. 

Evolution of the Massachusetts 
School System ...... 6 

12 Prof. George L. Goodale. 

Ceylon, Java, Australia, and New 
Zealand I z 

8 Prof. Charles R. Cross. 

The Acoustic Phenomena Under- 
lying Music 8 

9 A. Lawrence Lowell, Esq. 

The Governments of Central 

Europe 9 

6 Prof. Gaetano Lanza. 

Engineering Practice and Educa- 
tion 6 

12 Prof. Henry Drummond, LL.D., 

F.R.S.E., F.G.S. 

The Evolution of Man . . . 1 8 
The last six repeated. 

The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures 1000 a A No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

4 (r) Protap Chunder Mozoomdar. 

The Religious and Social Life of 

India 8 

1 2 Prof. Charles R. Cross. 

Modern Uses of Electricity . . 12 
6 George L. Fox, M.A. 

English Public Schools ... 6 
6 Prof. Gaetano Lanza. 

The Strength of Materials . . 6 
6 Prof. William T. Sedgwick. 

Bacteriology 6 

8 S. R. Koehler. 

Engraving 8 

6 Sir J. William Dawson, LL.D.,F.R.S. 
The Meeting Place of Geology 

and History 6 

3 Carl Lumholtz, M.A. 

The Characteristics of the Cave 

Dwellers of the Sierra Madre . 3 
8 Prof. Edward B. Poulton, M.A., F.R.S. 

The Colors of Animals ... 8 
8 Frederick S. Dellenbaugh. 

The Native Races of North 

America 8 

1 2 Prof. H. Von Hoist. 

The French Revolution Tested 
by Mirabeau's Career . . . 12 

90 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

6 Percival Lowell, Esq. 

Japanese Occultism .... 6 
8 William Jewett Tucker, D.D. 

The Influence of Religion To-day 8 


4(r) Mr. Henry A. Clapp. 

Historical Dramas of Shakespeare 8 
6 Prof. T. W. Rhys Davids, Ph.D., LL.D. 

Buddhism 6 

8 Major Wm. R. Livermore, U.S.A. 

Light-house Systems .... 8 
8 Rev. F. H. James. 

China and the Chinese ... 8 
8 Rev. Frederick H. Wines. 

Crime and Criminals .... 8 
12 John Fiske. 

Early Settlement of Virginia . . 12 
6 C. Howard Walker, F.A.I.A. 

Decoration Applied to Architect- 
ure and the Industrial Arts . 6 
4 Percival Lowell, Esq. 

The Planet Mars 4 

6 Alexandre S. Chessin, Ph.D. 

Russia and Russians .... 6 
8 Philip Stafford Moxom, D.D. 

The Church in the First Three 
Centuries . . 8 

The Lowell Institute 91 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

8 George F. Kunz. 

Precious Stones 8 

8 Rev. E. Winchester Donald, D.D. 

The Expansion of Religion . . 8 

6 Sir J. Wm. Dawson, LL.D., F.R.S. 

The Beginnings of Life ... 6 
8 Prof. Arlo Bates. 

The Study of Literature ... 8 
8 Prof. Henry S. Nash, D.D. 

The Establishment of Christianity 
in Europe, in Relation to the 
Social Question .... 8 
4 Francis C. Lowell, Esq. 

Joan of Arc 4 

12 Lectures on Engineering 12 

(4) Desmond Fitzgerald, Esq., C.E. 

Water Supply. 
(2) Prof. D wight Porter. 

(4) Prof. C. Frank Allen. 

Roadways, Pavements, and Rail- 
(2) Prof. George F. Swain. 

10 Prof. C. Lloyd Morgan. 

Habit and Instinct . . 10 

92 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

6 Prof. John F. Weir, N.A., M.A. 

Some Principal Centres and Mas- 
ters in Art 6 

8 Prince Serge Wolkonsky. 

Russian History and Russian Lit- 
erature 8 

6 George W. Cable. 

The Story-teller and His Art . 6 
8 Rev. George Hodges, D.D. 

Present Christian Problems . . 8 
8 Henry P. Walcott, M.D. 

State Medicine 8 

8 Prof. A. E. Verrill. 

Mollusca, Shell-fish and their 
Allies 8 

10 Louis C. Elson. 

The Symphony and the Sym- 
phony Orchestra . . . . 10 
8 Prof. William James, M.D. 

Exceptional Mental States . . 8 
6 Daniel G. Brinton, M.D., LL.D. 

The Religions of Primitive Peo- 
ples 6 

6 Prof. Wm. Z. Ripley, Ph.D. 

Anthropological History of the 
European Races .... 6 

The Lowell Institute 93 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

6 Rev. G. Frederick Wright, D.D., 

Scientific Aspects of Christian 

Evidences 6 

6(r) Henry A. Clapp, A.M. 

Comedies of Shakespeare ... 12 
8 Prof. Charles R. Cross. 

The X Rays of Rontgen ... 8 
10 Prof. Arthur Gordon Webster. 

Electricity and Magnetism, Light 

and the Ether 10 

6 Prof. Felix Adler. 

The Ethics of Marriage ... 6 
10 Capt. A. T. Mahan, U.S.N. 

Naval Warfare 10 


10 Prof. G. H. Darwin, F.R.S. 

Tides 10 

6 Prof. Michael Foster, Sec. R.S. 

Some Features of Brain Work . 6 
2 Prince Kropotkin. 

(</) Savages and Barbarians. 

() The Mediaeval City . . 2 
6 (r) Edward E. Hale. 

The Local History and Antiqui- 
ties of Boston , 1 2 

94 The Lowell Institute 

No. of Lectures No. of Lectures 

Announced Given 

12 Prof. George Lincoln Goodale, LL.D. 

Food Plants and Their Products 1 2 
6 Rev. T. K. Cheyne, M.A., D.D. 

Jewish Religious Life after the 

Exile 6 

10 Rev. Jean Charlemagne Bracq, A.B. 

Contemporary French Literature 10 
3 (r) Prof. Kakichi Mitsukuri, Ph.D. 

The Social Life of Japan ... 6 
12 John Fiske, Litt.D., LL.D. 

The Dutch and Quaker Colonies 1 2 

6 Prof. William E. Story, Ph.D. 

The Beginnings of Mathematics 6 

7 Hon. William Everett, LL.D. 

Some Poets of Our Grandfathers' 

Days 7 

6 Alexander McKenzie, D.D. 

The Divine Force in the Life of 
the World . 6 



Abbott, Lyman 87 

Adams, C. F 71 

Adams, Henry 73 

Adler, Felix 93 

Agassiz, Alexander 42 

Agassiz, Louis 31, 36, 39, 52, 53, 56, 60, 62, 63, 66 

Alden, Henry W. 61 

Alger, William R 57, 59 

Allan, W. 82 

Allen, A. V. G 87 

Allen, C. Frank 91 

American Academy of Arts and Sciences 29 

Apthorp, William F 77, 83 

Arnold, Howard Payson 64 

Athenaeum, Boston 12 

Atkinson, William P 63, 69 

Atwood, E. W 64 

Bacon, Francis 67 

Ball, R. S 80 

Barnard, Henry 61 

Bascom, John 66, 70 

Bates, Arlo 91 

Bell, Alexander Melville 65, 68, 69 

Bellows, Henry W 58 

Bickmore, Albert S 68 

Billings, John S 84 

Bixby, James T 72, 79 

Blagden, George W 54 

Bolles, E. C 77 

Bowen, Francis 52, 53, 54, 58, 62 


9 6 

The Lowell Institute 


Boyesen, Hjalmar H 78 

Bracq, Jean Charlemagne 94 

Bradford, Gamaliel 73, 74, 78 

Bradford, William 84 

Brigham, William 65 

Brigham, William T 64, 69 

Brinton, David G 80, 92 

Brown, S. G 59 

Brown-Sequard, G. E 70, 71 

Bryce, James 78 

Burgess, E 62, 63 

Burnap, George W 57 

Cable, George W. 92 

Carleton, William T 28 

Carpenter, William B 79 

Chadbourne, Paul A 63,68,72 

Channing, William H 66 

Chessin, Alexandre S 90 

Cheyne, T. K 94 

Child, Francis J 74, 75, 81 

Clapp, Henry A 83, 86, 87, 90, 93 

Clark, Henry James 61 

Clarke, James Freeman 76, 78 

Coffin, Charles Carleton 77, 85 

Cooke, Dr. Josiah Parsons, 31, 33, 55, 57, 60, 62, 65, 69, 75, 84, 88 

Cope, Edward D 85 

Copeland, Robert Morris 64 

Cotting, Dr. Benjamin E 19 

Cross, Charles R 80, 88, 89, 93 

Curators, and duties of 18, 19, 20 

Curtis, George T S3 

Curtis, George William 57 

Cyr, N 73 

Dana, R. H 63 

Darwin, G. H 93 

Davids, T. W. Rhys 9 

Index 97 


Davidson, Thomas 75, 77 

Davis, E. H 56 

Davis, W. M 79, 80 

Dawkins, W. Boyd 76 

Dawson, J. William 83, 89, 91 

Dellenbaugh, Frederick S 89 

De Normandie, James 81 

Derby, George 68 

Devens, Charles 82 

Dewey, Orville 54, 56 

Di Cesnola, L. P 75 

Diman, J. L 76 

Dodge, Theodore A 82, 85 

Donald, E. Winchester 91 

Douglass, H. Kyd 82 

Drew, Edward B 78 

Drown, Thomas M 85 

Drummond, Henry v, 32, 37, 88 

Duncan, T. A 67 

Dwight, Thomas 80 

Dyer, Louis 85 

Eliot, Charles W. 87 

Eliot, Samuel 62, 66, 72 

Elliott, Charles Wyllis 75 

Ellis, George E 60, 65, 68, 75 

Elson, Louis C 88, 92 

Emerson, George B 66 

Endowment. See Fund. 

Eustis, H. L 55 

Everett, Edward 21, 47, 49 

Everett, William 61, 74, 87, 94 

Fagan, Louis 86 

Farlow, William G 76, 85 

Felton, C. C 54, S 6 , 59 

Fewkes, J. W. 79 

Field, David Dudley 68 


9 8 

The Lowell Institute 


Fields, James T 70 

Fisher, George P 68, 72 

Fiske, John 85, 90, 94 

Fitzgerald, Desmond 91 

Fletcher, J. C 61, 63 

Foster, Michael 93 

Fox, George L 87, 89 

Freeman, Edward A 78 

Frothingham, Richard 62 

Fund of the Lowell Institute 12, 15 30, 

Gage, W. L 64, 71 

Gajani, Guglielmo 57, 60 

Geikie, Archibald 75 

Geikie, James 86 

Giles, Henry 57, 59, 60, 61 

Oilman, Arthur 51 

Gilman, D. C 67 

Gilmore, James R 84 

Glidden, George R 50 

Godkin, E. L 67 

Goodale, George Lincoln 70, 79, 84, 88, 94 

Goodrich, Charles B 54 

Gordon, G. H 82 

Gosse, Edmund W. 80 

Gould, A. A 55 

Gould, B. A 54 

Gray, Asa 51 

Greene, George W 61, 65 

Guild, Edward C 74 

Guyot, Arnold 54, 55 

Hale, Edward Everett 32, 66, 93 

Halleck, H. W 51 

Hart, Charles F 69 

Harvey, Wm. H 53 

Haven, Samuel T 65 

Haweis, H. R 81 

Index 99 

Hawkins, B. W 70 

Hayes, Isaac 1 70 

Haynes, Henry W 76 

Hedge, Frederic H 56 

Hill, Thomas 59, 68 

Hillard, George S 52 

Hodges, George 92 

Hollingsworth, William 27 

Holmes, Oliver Wendell v, 25, 32, 55, 66 

Holmes, O. W., Jr 77 

Hoist, Herman Eduard von 89 

Holtzendorff, Franz von 73 

Hopkins, Mark 51, 60, 64, 69 

Horsford, Eben N 52 

Hotchkiss, J 82 

Hough, F. B 72 

Hovey, William A 71 

Howells, William D 68 

Hunt, T. Sterry 63, 80 

Huntington, F. D 58 

Huntington, Oliver W 87 

Huntington Hall 26 

Hyde, Alexander 66, 67 

Jackson, Charles 55 

James, F. H 90 

James, William 74, 92 

Johnston, James F. W. 53 

Kasson, John A 86 

Kennan, George 80, 85 

Kirk, J. Foster 62 

Kneeland, Samuel 70, 71, 79 

Koehler. S. R 89 

Koeppen, Adolphus L 52 

Kropotkin, P 93 

Kunz, George F 91 

ioo The Lowell Institute 


Lanciani, Rodolfo 83 

Langley, Samuel P 79 

Lantern, the vertical 35 

Lanza, Gaetano 88, 89 

Lasell, Edward 53 

Lathrop, G. P 77 

Lawrence, Abbott 41 

Lawrence, Edward A 66, 69 

Lawrence Scientific School 39, 41 

Lectures, total number of 29 

Lectures, early popularity of in Boston 3 

Lectures, publication of 38 

Lecturers, selection of 30 

Lemercier, F. G 66 

Le Plangeon, Augustus 86 

Lesdakelyi, E 61 

Lesley, J. P 62 

Lippitt, Francis J 62 

Livermore, A. A 65 

Livermore, T. L 82 

Livermore, William R 90 

Lockwood, Thomas D 81 

Lodge, Henry Cabot 76 

Longstreth, Morris 80 

Loom, power 15 

Lord, John 58 

Levering, Joseph 31, 49, 50, 51, 55, 56, 59, 63, 75 

Lowell, A. Lawrence 88 

Lowell, Augustus 17 

Lowell, Rev. Charles 15 

Lowell, Francis Cabot 14 

Lowell, Francis C 91 

Lowell, James Russell 15, 32, 56, 83 

Lowell, Judge John 13 

Lowell, Judge John, sons of 14 

Lowell, John Amory vi, 14, 15, 16, 18, 40 

Lowell, John, Jr vi, n, 12, 13, 15, 18, 21, 46 

Lowell, John, Jr., ancestry of 13 

Index 101 


Lowell, John, Jr., will of 12, 15 

Lowell, Percival 90 

Lowell Drawing School 26, 28 

Lowell Free Courses in the Massachusetts Institute of 

Technology 43 

Lowell Free Courses in the Wells Memorial Institute 44 

Lowell Institute, audiences of 37 

Lowell Institute, influence of v, 39, 42 

Lowell Institute, opening of 21 

Lowell Institute, origin of 12 

Lowell Free Lectures of the Boston Society of Natural 

History 44 

Lowell Free School of Practical Design 44 

Lumholtz, Carl 85, 89 

Lyceum, the New England 5 

Lyell, Charles 50, 51, 54 

Lyon, D. G 84 

Mahan, A. T 93 

Marlboro Chapel 25, 28 

Marsh, George P 60 

Martin, George H 88 

Massachusetts Historical Society 29 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology 26, 43, 44 

Maury, M. F 57 

McKenzie, Alexander 94 

Mendenhall, T. C 79, 87 

Mercantile Library Association 6 

Merrill, Selah 74 

Milburn, W. H 57. 77 

Minot, Charles S 74 

Mitchell, Edward C 80 

Mitchell, O. M 52 

Mitsukuri, Kakichi 94 

Monti, Luigi 72, 77 

Moore, Charles H 84 

Morgan, C. Lloyd 91 

Morse, Edward S 68, 78, 79, 85 

IO2 The Lowell Institute 


Moxom, Philip Stafford 90 

Mozoomdar, Protap Chunder 89 

Munroe, Charles E 86 

Murray, John 87 

Muybridge, Eadweard 84 

Nash, Henry S 91 

Newcomb, Simon 78 

New England, early intellectual life of 2 

Newhall, Frederick C 82 

Nichols, William Ripley 73 

Niles, William H 67, 71, 76 

Northrup, B. G 70 

Norton, Charles Eliot 61, 72 

Nuttall, Thomas 49 

Ober, Frederick A 80 

Odeon, The 9 

Ogden, William B. 67 

Old Corner Book Store 22, 23 

Olmstead, F. L 67 

Palfrey, John G 49, 50, 56 

Panin, Ivan 84 

Parker, Joel 55. 66 

Parks, Leighton 81 

Peabody, A. P 61, 64, 71 

Peabody, Francis G 86 

Peirce, Benjamin 60, 67, 73, 75 

Peirce, Charles S 63, 88 

Perkins, C. C 67, 69, 70, 74 

Phillips, Wendell 5 

Pickering, E. C 70 

Playfair, Lyon 76 

Poets, English vi 

Porter, Dwight 91 

Potter, Alonzo 51, 52, 53, 54 

Poulton, Edward B 89 

Index 103 


Power loom 15 

Price, Bonamy 71 

Proctor, Richard A 70, 71 

Pumpelly, Raphael 67 

Putnam, Frederick W 79 

Ray, Isaac 58 

Reid, David B 57 

Rhys Davids, T. W 90 

Riley, Charles Valentine 87 

Ripley, William Z 92 

Robbins, Chandler 66 

Rogers, Henry D 51, 52, 53, 56 

Rogers, William B 58, 59, 60 

Ropes, John C 81,82 

Rotch, A. Lawrence 86 

Runkle, John D 73 

Samuels, Edward A 63 

Sanborn, F. B 73 

Scharb, E. Vitalis 57 

Schlagintweit, Robert von 64 

Scholarship, Professor Tyndall's 42 

Scudder, Horace E 78 

Sedgwick, A. G 81 

Sedgwick, William T 20, 89 

Semper, Carl 74 

Shaler, N. S 69, 84 

Silliman, Benjamin 21, 31, 49, 50 

Slavery, first prohibition of 14 

Smith, Walter 69 

Smith, William F 82 

Soley, James R 81, 84 

Solger, Reinhold 58, 59 

Sparks, Jared 50 

Spaulding, H. G 71, 73 

Squier, E. George 63 

Stanwood, Edward 8r 

IO4 The Lowell Institute 


Steffen, William 61 

Stereopticon, first use of 35 

Stone, Henry . . 82 

Stone, Thomas T 58 

Storrs, Richard Salter 77, 85 

Story, William E 94 

Swain, George F 91 

Taylor, Bayard 74 

Tenney, Sanborn 69, 72 

Theatres, early 3, 8 

Theatres, prejudice against 7, 9 

Thompson, D'Arcy W 64 

Tickets, distribution of 21, 23 

Towle, George Makepeace 77, 83, 86 

Tremont Temple 9 

Trowbridge, John 71, 76 

Trustee, powers and duties of the sole 12, 16, 17 

Tucker, William Jewett 90 

Tyler, M. Coit 77 

Tyndall, John 42, 69 

Upham, Charles W 65 

Verrill, A. E 92 

Walcott, Henry P. 92 

Waldo, Leonard 83 

Walker, C. Howard 90 

Walker, Francis A 73, 75, 81, 82 

Walker, James 49, 50, 59 

Wallace, Alfred Russell 83 

Ware, William R. 74, 86 

Washburn, Emory 64, 65, 73 

Waterston, Robert C 60, 68 

Webster, Arthur Gordon 93 

Weir, John F 92 

Wells, David A 73 

Index 105 


Wells Memorial Workingmen's Institute 44 

Wendell, Barrett 86 

Whipple, Edwin P. 59 

Whitney, William D 62 

Wilder, Burt G 63, 67 

Will of John Lowell, Jr 12, 15 

Wilson, Daniel 6l 

Wines, Frederick H go 

Winthrop, Robert C 65 

Wolkonsky, Serge 92 

Wood, J. G 79 

Wood, John T. 71 

Woolsey, T. D 68 

Wright, Carroll D 73, 76 

Wright, G. Frederick 84, 87, 93 

Wyman, Jeffries 18, 49, 53 

Young, C. A 72, 8l 

Zachos, J. C 62 

A List of Publications correspond- 
ing to, and Largely the Result of, 
Courses of Lectures delivered be- 
fore the Lowell Institute.* 

Abbott, Lyman. 

Christianity and Social Problems. 
Lowell Institute Lectures. 

Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1897. 

(Lowell Institute, 1891-92.) 

Adams, Charles Francis, Jr. 

Railroads : their Origin and Problems. 
G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1878. 

(Lowell Institute, 1874-75.) 

Agassiz, Louis. 

Comparative Embryology. 
Flanders & Co., Boston, 1849. 

(Lowell Institute, 1848-49.) 

Geological Sketches. First Series. 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1866. 

(Lowell Institute, 1853-54.) 

Methods of Study in Natural History. 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1863. 

(Lowell Institute, 1861-62.) 

* This list, which includes books only, has been compiled with 
care but is believed to be still incomplete. Information bearing upon 
it will be welcomed by the author, who may be addressed in care of 
the publishers. 


The Lowell Institute 107 

Geological Sketches. Second Series. 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1875. 

(Lowell Institute, 1864-65.) 

Alger, William Rounseville. 

A Critical Study of the Doctrine of a Future 

George W. Childs, Philadelphia, 1 860. 

(Lowell Institute, 1856-57.) 

Allen, Alexander Viets Grisnold. 

Christian Institutions. 

Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1897. 

(Lowell Institute, 1891-92.) 

Arnold, Howard Payson. 

The Great Exposition : with Continental 

Kurd & Houghton, New York, 1868. 

(Lowell Institute, 1867-68.) 

Bascom, John. 

Science, Philosophy, and Religion : Lectures 
delivered before the Lowell Institute, 
G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1871. 

(Lowell Institute, 1869-70.) 

Philosophy of English Literature : Lectures 

before the Lowell Institute, Boston. 
G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1874. 

(Lowell Institute, 1873-74.) 

io8 The Lowell Institute 

Bates, Arlo. 

Talks on the Study of Literature. 

Lowell Institute Lectures. 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1897. 

(Lowell Institute, 1895-96.) 

Bowen, Francis. 

Lowell Lectures on the Application of Meta- 
physical and Ethical Science to the 
Evidences of Religion. 
Little & Brown, Boston, 1849. 

(Lowell Institute, 1848-49.) 

Brigham, William Tufts. 

The Volcanic Phenomena of the Hawaiian 

Riverside Press, Cambridge, 1868. 

(Lowell Institute, 1867-68.) 

Brinton, Daniel Garrison. 

Religion of Primitive Peoples : American 
Lectures on the History of Religions. 
G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1897. 

(Lowell Institute, 1896-97.) 

Burgess, Ebenezer. 

What is Truth ? An Inquiry concerning 
the Antiquity and Unity of the Human 
Race. Lectures before the Lowell In- 
Israel P. Warren, Boston, 1871. 

(Lowell Institute, 1866-67.) 

The Lowell Institute 109 

Chadbourne, Paul Ansel. 

Lectures on Natural Theology before the 
Lowell Institute. 

G. P. Putnam & Sons, New York, 1867. 

(Lowell Institute, 1865-66.) 

Lowell Lectures : Instinct ; its Office in the 
Animal Kingdom, and its Relation to 
the Higher Power in Man. 

G. P. Putnam & Sons, New York, 1872. 

(Lowell Institute, 1870-71.) 

Clark, Henry James. 

Mind in Nature : Origin of Life and Mode 
of Development of Animals. With 
D. Appleton & Co., New York, 1865. 

(Lowell Institute, 1863-64.) 

Clarke, James Freeman. 

Events and Epochs in Religious History. 
Being the Substance of Twelve Lect- 
ures delivered in the Lowell Institute, 

Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1881. 

(Lowell Institute, 1879-80.) 

Ten Great Religions. Part II. A Com- 
parison of all Religions. Lowell Insti- 
tute Lectures. 

Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1883. 

(Lowell Institute, 1881-82.) 

no The Lowell Institute 

Cooke, Josiah Parsons. 

Religion and Chemistry ; or, Proofs of God's 
Plan in the Atmosphere and its Ele- 
Charles Scribner, New York, 1864. 

(Lowell Institute, 1 860-61.) 

The New Chemistry. 

D. Appleton & Co., New York, 1874. 

(Lowell Institute, 1872-73.) 

The Credentials of Science the Warrant of 

R. Carter & Bros., New York, 1888. 

( Lowell Institute, 1887-88.) 

Curtis, George Ticknor. 

History of the Origin, Foundation, and Adop- 
tion of the Constitution of the United 
States, with Notices of its Principal 
Harper & Bros., New York, 1854. 

(Lowell Institute, 1849-50.) 

Davids, Thomas William Rhys. 

Buddhism : Its History and Literature. 
G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1896. 

(Lowell Institute, 1894-95.) 

Davis, William Morris. 

Cyclones and Tornadoes. 

Lee & Shepard, Boston; Charles T. Dilling- 
ham, New York, 1884. 

(Lowell Institute, 1883-84.) 

The Lowell Institute in 

Dawson, Sir John William. 

The Meeting Place of Geology and History. 
Lectures for the Lowell Institute, Boston, 

Fleming H. Revell Co., London and New York, 
1894. (Lowell Institute, 189394.) 

The Relics of Primeval Man. The Sub- 
stance of a Course of Lectures on 
Pre-Cambrian Fossils, delivered in the 
Lowell Institute, Boston. 
Hodder & Stoughton, London, 1897. 

(Lowell Institute, 1895-96.) 

Dewey, Orville. 

The Problem of Human Destiny, or the End 
of Providence in the World and Man. 
Lowell Lectures. 
J. Miller, New York, 1864. 

(Lowell Institute, 1851-52.) 

Diman, J. Louis. 

The Theistic Argument as affected by Recent 

Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1881. 

(Lowell Institute, 1879-80.) 

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. 

Great Captains. Six Lowell Institute Lect- 
ures Showing the Influence on the Art 
of War of the Campaigns of Alexander, 
Hannibal, Caesar, Gustavus Adolphus, 
Frederick, and Napoleon. 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1889. 

(Lowell Institute, 1888-89.) 

112 The Lowell Institute 

Donald, E. Winchester. 

The Expansion of Religion. Lowell Insti- 
tute Lectures. 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1895. 

(Lowell Institute, 1894-95.) 

Drummond, Henry. 

Lowell Lectures on the Ascent of Man. 

Pott & Co., New York, 1895. 

(Lowell Institute, 1892-93.) 

Dyer, Louis. 

Studies of the Gods in Greece. At certain 
Sanetuaries recently excavated. Eight 
Lectures given at the Lowell Institute. 
The Macmillan Company, London, 1891. 

(Lowell Institute, 1889-90.) 

Everett, Edward. 

A Memoir of Mr. John Lowell, Jr., deliv- 
ered as the Introduction to the Lectures 
on his Foundation, in the Odeon, Boston, 
Mass., 3ist December, 1839 ; repeated 
in the Marlborough Chapel, 2d January, 

Published by the Lowell Institute. 
Little & Brown, Boston, 1840 and 1879. 

(Lowell Institute, 1840-41.) 

Everett, William. 
On the Cam. 

Sever & Francis, Cambridge, 1 866. 

(Lowell Institute, 1863-64.) 

The Lowell Institute 113 

Felton, Cornelius Conway. 

Ancient and Modern Greece. Lectures be- 
fore the Lowell Institute. 2 vols. 

Published by the Lowell Institute. 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1867. 
(Lowell Institute, 1851-52, 1852-53, 1854-55, 

Fisher, George Park. 

The Reformation. Lectures before the 

Lowell Institute. 

Scribner, Armstrong & Co., New York, 1873. 
(Lowell Institute, 1871-72.) 

The Beginnings of Christianity. With a 
View of the State of the Roman World 
at the Birth of Christ. Lectures deliv- 
ered before the Lowell Institute. 
Scribner, Armstrong & Co., New York, 1877. 
(Lowell Institute, 1875-76.) 

Fiske, John. 

The Discovery of America, with Some Ac- 
count of Ancient America and the 
Spanish Conquest. 2 vols. 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1892. 

(Lowell Institute, 1889-90.) 

Old Virginia and her Neighbours. 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1897. 

(Lowell Institute, 1894-95.) 

Fletcher, James C. 

Brazil and the Brazilians. 

The author published this book with D. P. Kid- 

H4 The Lowell Institute 

der in 1857, incorporating in it the substance 
of his Lowell lectures. Later editions were 
published in subsequent years up to 1879. 
Childs & Peterson, Philadelphia, 1857-79. 

(Lowell Institute, 1863-64.) 

Freeman, Edward Augustus. 

The English People in its Three Homes ; 
the Practical Bearings of General Euro- 
pean History. 
Porter & Coates, Philadelphia, 1882. 

(Lowell Institute, 1881-82.) 

Giles, Henry. 

Human Life in Shakespeare. 

Lowell Lectures. 
Lee & Shepard, Boston, 1868. 

(Lowell Institute, 1856-57.) 

Gliddon, George Robbins. 

Ancient Egypt : her Monuments and Hiero- 

T. B. Peterson, Philadelphia, 1848 and 1850. 
(Lowell Institute, 184344.) 

Goodrich, Charles B. 

Lowell Lectures on the Science of Govern- 
ment as exhibited in the Institutions of 
the United States of America. 
Little & Brown, Boston, 1853. 

(Lowell Institute, 1852-53.) 

Gosse, Edmund W. 

From Shakespeare to Pope : Inquiry into the 

The Lowell Institute 115 

Causes and Phenomena of the Rise of 
Classical Poetry in England. 
Dodd, Mead& Co., New York, 1885. 

( Lowell Institute, 1884-85. 

Greene, George Washington. 

A Historical View of the American Revolu- 
tion. A Statement of the Cause of the 
Revolution, its Development and Prog- 
ress, and the Principles involved. 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1865. 

(Lowell Institute, 1862-63.) 

Guyot, Arnold. 

The Earth and Man. Translated from 
Guyot's French Lectures before the 
Lowell Institute, by Prof. Cornelius 
Con way Felton. 

Gould, Kendall & Lincoln, Boston, 1850. 

(Lowell Institute, 1850-51.) 

Hodges, George. 

Faith and Social Service. Eight Lectures 
delivered before the Lowell Institute. 

Thomas Whittaker, New York, 1896. 

(Lowell Institute, 1895-96.) 

Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr. 

The Common Law. Eleven Lectures de- 
livered before the Lowell Institute. 
Little, Brown & Co., Boston, 1881. 

(Lowell Institute, 1 880-81.) 

n6 The Lowell Institute 

Hoist, Hermann Eduard von. 

The French Revolution: tested by Mira- 
beau's Career. Twelve Lectures on 
the History of the French Revolution 
delivered at the Lowell Institute. 
Callagan & Co, Chicago, 1894. 

(Lowell Institute, 1893-94.) 

Hopkins, Mark. 

Lectures on the Evidences of Christianity, 

before the Lowell Institute. 
T. R. Marvin, Boston, 1846. 

(Lowell Institute, 1843-44.) 

Lectures on Moral Science. Delivered before 

the Lowell Institute. 

Gould & Lincoln, Boston ; Sheldon & Co., New 
York; G. S. Blan chard, Cincinnati, 1862. 
(Lowell Institute, 1 860-61.) 

Kneeland, Samuel. 

An American in Iceland. Lowell Lectures. 
Lockwood, Brooks & Co., Boston, 1875. 

(Lowell Institute, 1874-75.) 

Lanciani, Rodolfo. 

Ancient Rome in the Light of Recent Dis- 
coveries. With 36 full-page Plates (in- 
cluding several heliotypes) and 64 text 
Illustrations, Maps, and Plans. With 
slip-cover in the Italian style. 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1888. 

(Lowell Institute, 1886-87.) 

The Lowell Institute 117 

Lesley, John Peter. 

Man's Origin and Destiny, sketched from the 
Platform of the Sciences. 

J. B. Lippincott & Co., Philadelphia, 1868. 

(Lowell Institute, 1865-66.) 

Lodge, Henry Cabot. 

A Short History of the English Colonies in 
America. Lowell Institute Lectures. 

Harper Bros., New York, 1881. 

(Lowell Institute, 1879-80.) 

Lowell, Abbott Lawrence. 

Governments and Parties in Continental 
Europe. 2 vols. 

Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1896. 

(Lowell Institute, 1892-93.) 

Lowell, Francis Cabot. 
Joan of Arc. 

Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1896. 

(Lowell Institute, 1895-96.) 

Lowell, James Russell. 

The Old English Dramatists. Lowell Insti- 
tute Lectures. 

Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1892. 

(Lowell Institute, 1886-87.) 

Lowell, Percival. 

Occult Japan, or the Way of the Gods : an 

n8 The Lowell Institute 

Esoteric Study of Japanese Personality 
and Possession. 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1894. 

(Lowell Institute, 1893-94.) 


Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1895. 

(Lowell Institute, 189495.) 

Lumholtz, Carl. 

Among Cannibals : an Account of Four 
Years' Travels in Australia and Queens- 
land. Translated by R. B. Anderson. 
Charles Scribner's Sons, London and New York, 
1888. (Lowell Institute, 1889-90.) 

Lyell, Sir Charles. 

Travels in North America, with Geological 
Observations on the United States, 
Canada, and Nova Scotia. 2 vols. 
John Murray, London, 1845. 

A second Visit to the United States of North 

America. 2 vols. 
John Murray, London ; Harper Bros., New 

York, 1849. 

(Reviews of American travels during his engagements 
as a Lowell Institute Lecturer in the Seasons of 
1841-42 and 1845-46.) 

Marsh, George Perkins. 

The Origin and History of the English Lan- 
guage, and of the Early Literature it 

The Lowell Institute 119 

Embodies. Lectures prepared for the 
Lowell Institute, Boston. 
Scribner & Co., New York, 1862. 

(Lowell Institute, i 860-61.) 

Martin, George H. 

The Evolution of the Massachusetts Public 
School System : a Historical Sketch. 
Lectures written for the Lowell Insti- 
D. Appleton & Co., New York, 1894. 

(Lowell Institute, 189293.) 

Massachusetts Historical Society, Mem- 
bers of the. 

Lectures delivered in a Course before the 
Lowell Institute on Subjects relating to 
the Early History of Massachusetts. 
Published by the Society, 1 869. 

(Lowell Institute, 1868-69.) 

Milburn, William Henry. 

Pioneer Preachers and People of the Missis- 
sippi Valley. 
Derby & Jackson, New York, 1 860. 

(Lowell Institute, 1855-56.) 

Moore, C. Herbert. 

Development and Character of Gothic Ar- 

The Macmillan Company, London and New 
York, 1890. (Lowell Institute, 1888-89.) 

I2O The Lowell Institute 

Morgan, Conway Lloyd. 

An Introduction to Comparative Psychology. 
Walter Scott, London ; Scribner's Sons, New 
York, 1896. 

(Lowell Institute, 1895-96.) 

Morse, Edward Sylvester. 

Japanese Homes and their Surroundings. 

With Illustrations by the Author. 
Ticknor & Co., Boston, 1886. 

(Lowell Institute, 1881-82.) 

Moxom, Philip Stafford. 

From Jerusalem to Nicaea: the Church in 
the First Three Centuries. 
Lowell Lectures. 

Roberts Bros., Boston, 1895. 

(Lowell Institute, 1894-95.) 

Nash, Henry Spencer. 

Genesis of the Social Conscience : the Rela- 
tion between the Establishment of Chris- 
tianity in Europe and the Social Ques- 

The Macmillan Company, New York and Lon- 
don, 1897. (Lowell Institute, 1895-96.) 

Norton, Charles Eliot. 

Historical Studies of Church Building in the 
Middle Ages Venice, Siena, Florence. 

Harper Bros., New York, 1880. 

(Lowell Institute, 1876-77.) 

The Lowell Institute 121 

Ober, Frederick A. 

Travels in Mexico, and Life among the 
Mexicans. With 190 Illustrations. 

Estes & Lauriat, Boston, 1884. 

(Lowell Institute, 1884-85.) 

Palfrey, John Gorham. 

Lowell Lectures on the Evidences of Chris- 
tianity. 2 vols. 

Published by the Lowell Institute. 

James Munroe & Co., Boston, 1843. 
(Lowell Institute, 1839-40, 1840-41, 1841-42.) 

Panin, Ivan. 

Lectures on Russian Literature : Pushkin, 

Gogol, Turgenef, Tolstoy. 
G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1889. 

(Lowell Institute, 1888-89.) 

Parks, Leighton. 

His Star in the East : a Study in the Early 
Aryan Religions. 
Lowell Institute Lectures. 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1887. 

(Lowell Institute, 1884-85.) 

Peabody, Andrew Preston. 

Christianity, the Religion of Nature. Lect- 
ures delivered before the Lowell Insti- 
Gould & Lincoln, Boston, 1864. 

(Lowell Institute, 1862-63.) 

122 The Lowell Institute 

Peabody, Andrew Preston. 

Reminiscences of European Travels. Lowell 

Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1868. 

(Lowell Institute, 1867-68.) 

Christianity and Science. 

Robert Carter & Bros., New York, 1875. 

(Lowell Institute, 1874-75.) 

Perkins, Charles Callahan. 
Italian Art. 

Little, Brown & Co., Boston, 1875. 

(Lowell Institute, 1873-74.) 

Potter, Alonzo. 

Religious Philosophy ; or, Nature, Man, and 
the Bible witnessing to God and to 
Religious Truth: being the Substance 
of Four Courses of Lectures delivered 
before the Lowell Institute, between the 
Years 1845-50. 

J. B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia, 1872. 
(Lowell Institute, 1844-45, 1846-47, 1847-48, 

Price, Bonamy. 

Currency and Banking. 

D. Appleton & Co., London and New York, 
1876. (Lowell Institute, 1874-75.) 

Ray, Isaac. 

Mental Hygiene. 

James R. Osgood & Co., Boston, 1863. 

(Lowell Institute, 1857-58.) 

The Lowell Institute 123 

Ropes, John Codman. 

The First Napoleon : a Sketch Political 
and Military, with a Rare Portrait, 
Maps, and Appendices. 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1885. 

(Lowell Institute, 1884-85.) 

Scudder, Horace Elisha. 

Childhood in Literature and Art, with Some 
Observations on Literature for Children. 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1894. 

(Lowell Institute, 1881-82.) 

Storrs, Richard Salter. 

The Divine Origin of Christianity indicated 

by its Historical Effects. 
Randolph & Co., New York, 1884. 

(Lowell Institute, 1 8 80-8 1.) 

Bernard of Clairvaux : the Times, the Man, 
and his Work. An Historical Study in 
Eight Lectures. 

Scribner & Sons, London and New York, 1802. 
(Lowell Institute, 1 8 8 8-90. ) 

Taylor, Bayard. 

Studies in German Literature. 
Putnam's Sons, New York, 1879. 

(Lowell Institute, 1877-78.) 

Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth. 

Wayside Thoughts : being a Series of Desul- 

124 The Lowell Institute 

tory Essays on Education. Read before 
the Lowell Institute. 
D. Appleton & Co., New York, 1868. 

(Lowell Institute, 1867-68.) 

Tyndall, John. 

Lectures on Light. 

D. Appleton & Co., New York, 1873. 

( Lowell Institute, 1 8 7 2-7 3 . ) 

Walker, Francis Amasa. 

Henry Holt & Co., New York, 1878. 

(Lowell Institute, 1878-79.) 

Wallace, Alfred Russell. 

Darwinism : the Theory of Natural Selec- 
tion, with Some of its Applications. 
The Macmillan Company, London and New 
York, 1889. (Lowell Institute, 1886-87.) 

Wendell, Barrett. 

English Composition : eight Lectures at the 

Lowell Institute. 
Scribner & Sons, New York, 1891. 

(Lowell Institute, 1890-91.) 

Whipple, Edwin Percy. 

The Literature of the Age of Elizabeth. 

Lowell Lectures. 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston, 1888. 

(Lowell Institute, 1858-59.) 

The Lowell Institute 125 

Whitney, William Dwight. 

Language and the Study of Language. 

Twelve Lowell Lectures on the Princi- 
ples of Linguistic Science. 
Charles Scribner & Co., New York, 1867. 

(Lowell Institute, 1864-65.) 

Wines, Frederick Howard. 

Punishment and Reformation : A Historical 
Sketch of the Rise of the Penitentiary 
System. Lectures prepared for the 
Lowell Institute. 
Crowell & Co., Boston, 1895. 

(Lowell Institute, 1894-95.) 

Wolkonsky, Serge. 

Pictures of Russian History and Russian 

Literature. Lowell Lectures. 
Lamson, Wolffe & Co., Boston, 189697. 

(Lowell Institute, 1895-96.) 

Wright, G. Frederick. 

The Ice Age in North America. 
D. Appleton & Co., New York, 1889. 

(Lowell Institute, 1887-88.) 

The Scientific Aspects of Christian Evidences. 
D. Appleton & Co., New York, 1897. 

(Lowell Institute, 1896-97.) 

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