(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "History of Michigan"

^^ HISTORY 

OF 



MICHIGAN 



BY 

CHARLES MOORE 



ILLUSTRATED 



VOLUME IV 



CHICAGO 

THE LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY 
1915 



tn 



THi Mw tow: 







j/iwyd^n dlA Mj^MA/) 



History of Michigan 



Alexander Dodds. It has been asserted that the commencement 
of civihzation is the discovery of some of the useful arts or sciences 
through which men acquire fortune, comforts or kixuries, while the 
necessity or desire of preserving them leads to laws and social insti- 
tutions. In reality, however, the origin, as well, as the advancement and 
improvement of society, is based on mechanical and chemical inventions, 
in connection with which Alexander Dodds, of Grand Rapids, has be- 
come one of Michigan's best known citizens. As inventor, organizer, 
promoter and executive he has shown himself capable, far-seeing and 
energetic, and while he has found no time for public life, has always 
demonstrated a commendable willingness to perform the duties of public- 
spirited citizenship. 

Mr. Dodds was born December 8, 1845, ^t Gouverneur, New York. 
His grandfather, also named Alexander Dodds, was born in 1770, near 
the village of Kelso, on the banks of the River Tweed, Scotland, and at 
the age of twenty-four years was married to Jane Wilson, who bore 
him five children : Katherine, Margaret, Andrew, John and Alexander. 
Shortly after their marriage they began to make plans to emigrate to 
the land of promise across the water, but Mr. Dodds was for six months 
a mere farm laborer at about twenty-five dollars per month, a salary 
hardly conducive to great saving, and it was not until the spring of 
1833 that enough money was accumulated for the family to make the 
voyage. After a six weeks' journey on a sailing vessel they arrived, in 
May, in St. Lawrence county, New York, and purchased a farm two 
and one-half miles from the village of Gouverneur. They lived to see 
all their children settled on good farms, the mother passing away in 
October. 1857, and the father in January, 1864. About the year 1835 
another family left Berwick, Scotland, for this country by the name of 
Witherston, and, getting lost on the voyage, were thirteen weeks on the 
high seas before sighting a vessel from which to get their bearings. They 
also settled in St. Lawrence county, New York, and one of the daughters, 
Jeanette, married the son, John Dodds, and with him took possession of 
"the old homestead. To them were born three children : Jane Elizabeth, 
Alexander and William Atkin. 

Alexander Dodds, of Grand Rapids, was given a good common school 
education in his boyhood, and was twenty-one years of age, or nearly 
so, when he started to work at the trade of machinist. In February, 
1867, he was converted, but could not conceive the teachings of the 
Bible as taught by the church of his fathers, the Scotch Presbyterian. 
and accordingly became a Baptist and united with that faith to do Chris- 
tian work. He came to Lansing, Alichigan, in December, 1867, in com- 
pany with L. L. Houghton, who commenced the manufacture of wood- 

1759 



1760 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

working machinery at that place, and while a resident there was raised 
to the sublime degree of blaster ^lason. Mr. Dodds came to Grand 
Rapids in Alay, 1878. and went to work for the Buss Machine Works, 
and at this time united with the Fountain Street Baptist church and 
remained with that organization until 1883, when, with a number of 
others, he formed the Second Baptist church. He was interested with 
them in the Sixth Ward Baptist Mission school, and, it proving a suc- 
cess, it was thought best that a church should be organized there, and 
with t\yenty-five from the Second Baptist church, and a few others, 
Scribner Street church was organized and he was elected one of the 
deacons. He is also a teacher in the Sunday school of the adult Bible 
class, of which there are more than thirty members present every Sab- 
bath, and is ex-president of the Baptist Alission society. 

On March 3, 1882, Mr. Dodds purchased a half interest in a machine 
shop at the corner of Front and Pearl streets, on the second floor, owned 
by the late Charles A. Whittemore, and on May 9th of the following 
year he bought the remaining half interest. The year 1883 did not prove 
a very successful one, for in June came the great freshet, which will 
be remembered as the time when the logs went out, taking Pearl street 
bridge on a trip down the river. This caused a delay for lack of power 
for six weeks, as the shop was operated by water power, and, coming 
at a time when money was scarce, proved detrimental to successful busi- 
ness. On July 9, 1884, in order to get on the ground floor and thus to 
secure better power, Mr. Dodds moved into what was then known as 
the G. W. Dean building, located on the east side of Canal street, opposite 
the Berkey & Gay Furniture Co. Things moved along very nicely until 
AJarch 16. 1887, when about thirty feet of embankment between Canal 
street and the river gave away, washing in through under the shop 
building and allowing it to all cave in. Xothing daunted, Mr. Dodds 
at once began to get his machinery out of the wreck and to find a place 
to set it up in operation again. During the day he had some business to 
dispose of at the Grand Rapids Savings Bank, then situate4 on Pearl 
street, and at the bank had a conversation with the late C. G. Swens- 
berg concerning what had occurred. At the time Mr. Swensberg made 
the remark : "Well, Dodds. anything that I can do for you or that this 
little bank can do we are ready to do." Mr. Dodds thanked him for his 
kindness, but nothing more was said at the time, and the next morning, 
while Mr. Dodds was working at getting out the machinery, F. A. Hall, 
then cashier of the bank, came to him and said that he did not know as 
he had understood what Mr. Swensberg had said the day before, but 
that they wished him to know that he could have all the money he needed 
to get started. Although he did not expect to need any help, this cir- 
cumstance gave Mr. Dodds more courage and confidence than any one 
thing that had happened. During that day Julius Berkey kindly offered 
to rent him a part of the George W. Gay building, where he was manu- 
facturing tripods at that time, and after moving there, getting fairly 
started, and seeing that the tripod business was growing, he knew he 
would have to seek other quarters. Deciding that No. 43 South Front 
street offered favoring advantages, he leased the ground from the late 
J. W. Converse and commenced the erection of a one-story building. 
28x60 feet in dimensions, into which he moved on May 3rd. The 
demand for the machinery manufactured by Mr. Dodds had increased 
to such an extent by the spring of 1892 tjiat it was apparent that more 
room was needed, and October 19, 1892. ]\Ir. Dodds succeeded in con- 
cluding negotiations with Wilder D. Stevens for that part of the Dean 
propertv on which was located the building. 26x94 feet, four stories in 
lieight, and including water power equipment. After expending over 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1761 

$i,00O on the building, Mr. Dodds moved into it, feeling that he was 
now situated comfortably, with machinery, premises and accommoda- 
tions in first-class order. Business continued to prosper until June, 1S93, 
when it seemed as though everyone who was indebted to the firm had 
concluded to make an assignment under the pressure of the hard times 
of that period, but through his capable management and excellent finan- 
cial ability, Mr. Dodds managed to weather the stomi, discounting his 
commercial paper when due and paying his employes every Saturday 
night. 

As business revived and public confidence was restored, the manu- 
facture of special machinery prospered. Orders increased to such an 
extent eventually that more room became necessary, and in 1907 the 
fine four-story brick building at No. 181 Canal street was built over 
the canal. This enabled Mr. Dodds to double his capacity and add to 
his equipment and output. In 1909 the business was merged into a cor- 
poration, and since December i, 1909, the business has been conducted 
under the style of the Alexander Dodds Company. 

Much of the success of the business has been due to several patents 
obtained, of which Mr. Dodds invented all except the morticing and 
boring machine. The first one was procured June 6, 1S85, on a wood 
lathe; another December 31, 1889, on a rubbing machine; and still 
another April 22, 1890, on an automatic carving machine. ]\Ir. Dodds 
in June, 1887, patented and invented a dovetailer for making furniture 
boxes. Some of these, especially Dodds' new gear dovetailing machine, 
used for dovetailing furniture drawers, and which has made him a 
fortune, are used in every part of the United States where furniture is 
manufactured and in numerous foreign countries. The patent for the 
dovetailing machine was secured June 14, 1887. At this time Mr. Dodds 
occupies offices at Nos. 451-53 Monroe avenue. Northwest. 

On November 10, 1S88. Mr. Dodds was married to Mrs. A. J. De- 
Lamarter. 'Sir. and Mrs. Dodds reside in their own home at No. 325 
Benjamin avenue. Mr. Dodds is a member of the Association of Com- 
merce. He is a Republican in politics, but his business affairs have 
demanded his undivided attention and he has found no time for the 
activities of the political arena. In December, 1894, he became a member 
of Columbian Chapter No. 132, R. A. M. ; in February, 1895, became a 
member of DeMolai Commandery No. 5, K. T., and has since taken 
the Scottish Rite degrees up to and including the thirty-second degree. 

In connection with a biographical sketch of Mr. Dodds, the follow- 
ing editorial appeared in the Michigan Tradesman, of December 8. 1009. 
to which article credit is herewith given for much of the matter that 
appears in this sketch : 

"We laud and celebrate the individual who has achieved extraordinary 
m.erit in art, letters, military renown, statesmanship, and fame world- 
wide rests on such distinctions. Men also become famous in law. juris- 
prudence, medicine and scientific study and demonstration. Yet all 
such masters in their several spheres do no more, often not as much, 
for the well-being of mankind as the ingenious and untiring mechanics 
who discover something and make it conduce to the benefit of an industry 
that is the foundation on which rest the stability, livelihood and happi- 
ness of many thousands of people. Peace hath its victories no less 
renowned than war, and no victors are more deserving of acclaim among 
the chieftains of peace than those who invent something that adds to 
productive power and successfully apply it to general use. The man 
who evolves from the fertile mind a contrivance whereby a utility can 
be developed so as to greatly enlarge capacity to produce useful things 
and at the same time give permanent employment to thousands who 



1762 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

would otherwise have to struggle for a meager and squalid existence, 
has done more for community or state than a general, or legislator, or 
judge, or any other celebrity whose name figures among the galaxy of 
notables in ordinary historical annals. The foundation of society and 
state is in the productive industries, for they are the means whereby the 
population pursues an orderly and prosperous life. In the absence 
of war and consequent destruction of human life there is a growth of 
population. Productive capacity must keep pace with this increase of 
human units or the peoples will lapse into a horde of vagrants, becoming 
savage, gregarious, degraded and, like hungry, predatory animals, de- 
vouring their fellows weaker than themselves. For this reason no one 
' confers a greater benefit upon the country than he who contributes to 
the enlargement of productive capacity. Xot to everyone is given the 
privilege of adding something of value to the commerce of this world. 
Those who do enjoy this privilege have not lived their lives in vain and 
their greatest satisfaction should be the knowledge that their efforts 
have been of a practical, material benefit to all mankind." 

TiiuM.\s J. R-\MSDELL. The first distinction to be noticed in the career 
of Thomas J. Ramsdell is that he was the pioneer lawyer in ^lichigan 
north of the Grand River, and for more than half a century his name has 
been closely linked with both the professional and the industrial interests 
of the city of Alanistee, where he now resides in, his eighty-third year. 
If success consists in a steady bettemient of one's material conditions 
and an increase of one's ability to render service to others, Thomas T. 
Ramsdell deserves mention as one of the exceptionallv successful men of 
this state. 

He was born in Wayne county, Alichigan, in 1832, a son of Gannet 
Ramsdell, who was bom in the state of Xew York in 1802, and came to 
Michigan during the twenties, a number of years prior to the admission 
of the state to the Union. As a pioneer he took up a tract of wild land in 
Wayne county, reclaimed a farm, and became an influential and promi- 
nent citizen. In the early days he owned and operated machine shops, 
was engaged in the buying and shipping of grain, and gauged by the stand- 
ards of the locality and period was a wealthy man. His home was in 
Wayne county until his death. Gannet Ramsdell married and brought his 
wife to Wayne county, and they were the parents of four sons : Ashley, 
Dyer, Jonathan and Thomas J., the last being the onlv survivor of this 
family. The Ramsdell family is of Scotch lineage and was founded in 
America during the seventeenth century. 

Thomas J. Ramsdell was reared on the old homestead farm in Wayne 
county, and as the opportunities for gaining an education were limited 
he devised means to supplement his resolute purpose for a higher educa- 
tion. Independent and self-reliant, he did not wait for fortune to over- 
take him, but went in search of those things which his ambition craved. 
In early youth he set out for Poughkeepsie, Xew York, to acquire a col- 
lege education. A considerable part of his journey was made on foot, 
and on arriving at his destination entered the law department of a col- 
lege and while a student maintained himself and paid his tuition from 
the earnings of his individual labors. He finally completed a course and 
was graduated Bachelor of Laws. On his return to ^Iichigan }ilr. Rams- 
dell engaged in the practice of his profession at Lansing, the capital city 
being at that time a mere village. In 1858 Mr. Ramsdell moved to 
IManistee, then a lumbering town, with all the typical activities and en- 
vironment of such an industrial center. He was the first lawyer to set 
up an office not only in Manistee but in the entire region north of Grand 
river. As a pioneer member of the bar and through his exceptional abil- 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1763 

ity, he soon came to control a large and representative practice, and 
through the medium of his profession and his judicious investments laid 
the foundation of a large fortune. Mr. Ramsdell retired from active 
professional work in 1894, being at the time one of the oldest and most 
honored members of the bar of his native state. Since then his time and 
attention has been given to the supervision of his extensive and important 
propert)' interests, and his estate is one of the largest in that section of 
Michigan of which Manistee is the metropolis. His real estate holdings 
include many improved business and residence properties in Manistee, and 
he took a leading part in the organization and is still president of the 
First National Hank of that city. 

Thomas J. Ramsdell has been a supporter of the cause of the Repub- 
lican party from the time of its organization, and has been one of the 
dominating figures in ]niblic affairs in his section of the state. After 
Manistee was incorporated under a city charter he served as a member of 
the first board of aldermen, and also gave valuable service while a rep- 
resentative of the county in the state legislature. For one who began 
life without financial resources or influence outside of himself, he has 
filled the years with large and worthy achievement, and throughout 
his course has been governed by the highest principles of integrity and 
honor. No citizen has done more to further the best interests of Manis- 
tee, and he takes great pride in the city which has been his home since 
pioneer times. 

Mr. Ramsdell married Nettie L. Stanton, who was born at Lansing, 
Michigan, when that place was a frontier village. To their marriage were 
born fourteen children, eight of whom are still living. One of the sons. 
Dr. L. S. Ramsdell, is a leading physician and surgeon of Manistee, 
and another son, F. W. Ramsdell, has gained distinction in the field of 
art, and spent a number of years in study in Europe, and has a high 
reputation among American artists. 

RoiiERT R. R.-MMSDELL. A son of Thomas J. Ramsdell, the pioneer 
lawyer of Manistee, Robert R. Ramsdell is one of the successful busi- 
ness men of that city, and for several years has given most of his time 
to the management of the large estate founded by his father. 

Robert R. Ramsdell was born at Manistee September 25, 1867, and 
in his youth attended the local schools and finished a course at the high 
school. Some of his younger years were spent in the west as a cattle 
rancher, a life that gave him varied experience and adventure. On re- 
turning to Michigan he became identified with lumbering, with Manistee 
as his headquarters, and his success in this field proves a fine capacity 
for the management of important afifairs. His later years have been 
required almost exclusively in the management of his father's estate, 
which involves a number of important business enterprises. 

Mr. Ramsdell has given his allegiance to the Democratic party, and 
is one of the most progressive and public-spirited citizens of Manistee. 
Fraternally his affiliations are with Manistee Lodge of the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks. In 1895 Mr. Ramsdell married Miss Zoe 
Harris of Chicago. Their two children, Helen E. and Louis S., are 
students in the public schools of ^lanistee. 

Edmund C. Shields. One of the most forceful figures in Democratic 
politics in his state, Edmund C. Shields, has risen to his present position 
as chairman of the Democratic State Central Committee solely through 
merit. A man of vast legal learning, with a broad and comprehensive 
knowledge and understanding of men and affairs, he has on numerous 



1764 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

occasions demonstrated his executive ability and organizing powers, and 
these, combined with a capacity to recognize and readily grasp opportuni- 
ties, an energetic and courageous nature, and an attractive personality, 
make his services of inestimable value to his party. 

Mr. Shields has the distinction of being a native son of Michigan, 
having been born at Howell, Livingston county, December 30, 1871. His 
grandfather, John Shields, was born in Ireland, and was a pioneer of 
Wayne county. Michigan, during the early 'thirties. About the year 1840 
he removed his family to Livingston county, and there settled on a farm, 
where he continued to carry on agricultural pursuits for many years, and 
at the time of his retirement from active labor located at Fowlerville, 
where his death occurred. Dennis Shields, the father of Edmund C. 
Shields, was one of Michigan's pioneers and best known legists. He was 
born at Dearborn, Wayne county, Michigan, September 19, 1836, and re- 
ceived his early education in the primitive common schools of Unadilla, 
subsequently spending one term in the schools of Ypsilanti. He read law 
under the preceptorship of Judge H. H. Harmon and Marcus Wilcox, of 
Howell, and was admitted to the bar in 1862, entering the practice of law 
in that same year and continuing therein until his death in 1898. He was 
a man of many attainments, and for years was a familiar figure in the 
courts of ^Michigan, where his connection with numerous important cases 
of jurisprudence brought him prominently and favorably before the 
public. At one time he was the partner of Judge Person, who is now the 
senior member of the legal iirm of which his son, Edmund C. Shields, 
is now a member. Dennis Shields married Miss Lydia Lonergan, a native 
of Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada, and she died in January, 1910. 

Edmund C. Shields attended the graded and high schools of Howell, 
being graduated from the latter in June, 1889. He subsequently became 
a student in the literary department of the University of Michigan, where 
he received the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1894, and then took the 
legal course in the same institution, being graduated with his law degree 
in 1896. During his college career Mr. Shields was prominent in athletics, 
being a baseball and football hero, and was one of the organizers of the 
Board of Control of Athletics at the university, which has since developed 
into a decided factor in keeping college athletics clean and sportsmanlike. 
Upon his admission to the bar. in 1896, Mr. Shields became associated in 
practice with his father, but at the end of two years formed a partnership 
with his brother, Francis J. Shields, at Howell, this connection continuing 
tintil August I, 1913, when he came to Lansing to enter the law firm of 
Person, Shields & Silsbee. This is now accounted one of the most for- 
midable legal combinations in the state. 

It was but natural that a man of ]Mr. Shields' abilities and energetic 
nature should enter the strenuous field of politics. Allying himself with 
the forces of Democracy, he w-as elected prosecuting attorney of Living- 
ston county by that party in 1900, and succeeded himself in that office in 
1902, serving in all four years. Here his talents were given full play, and 
in 1909, in order to fill a vacancy the leaders of his party chose him as 
leader of the State Central Committee. In 1910, at the state convention, 
held at Kalamazoo, he was elected unanimously to that position, and 
again in 1912 was chosen unanimously to succeed himself. As the leader 
of his party in the state he has shown himself possessed of every trait of 
leadership, and the success of Democracy in Michigan may in large part 
be accredited directly to his sterling efforts. In June, 1913, he was hon- 
ored by appointment of Governor Ferris to membership on the committee 
chosen to recompile and codify the state statutes. While a resident of 
Howell, Mr. Shields rendered signal services as a member of the city 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1765 

council and the school board. He was a delegate at large to the National 
Democratic convention, held at Baltimore in 1912. where with his fellow- 
delegates he did much to advance the presidential interests of Woodrow 
Wilson. 

Mr. Shields was married to Miss Marv Folev. Thev have no children. 



Ellsworth S. Ellis, M. D. In point of years of continuous practice 
Dr. Ellis takes precedence of virtually all other members of his profes- 
sion in the city of Manistee, judicial center of the county of the same 
name, and he is known and honored as one of the able and representative 
physicians and surgeons of Michigan, where by his character and services 
he has lent dignity and distinction to the humane vocation to which he 
has devoted himself with all of zeal and with marked self-abnegation. 

Dr. Ellis claims the old Bay State as the place of his nativity and is a 
scion of a family that was founded in New England in the colonial days. 
He was born on the homestead farm of his father, near Huntington, 
Hampshire county, Massachusetts, on the 2d of October, 1848, and is a 
son of Ebenezer S. and Betsy L. (Hancock) Ellis, both likewise natives 
of Massachusetts, where the former was born in 181 5 and the latter in 
1822. their marriage having been solemnized in 1845. The parents passed 
the closing years of their lives in the state of Massachusetts, and both 
entered into eternal rest in the year 1892, so that, after long and devoted 
companionship, in death they were not long divided. Ebenezer S. Ellis 
devoted his entire active career to agricultural pursuits, and his industry 
and good management brought to him definite independence and pros- 
perity, though he was by no means a man of wealth. He was originally 
a Whig and later a Republican in politics, and in the climacteric period 
prior to the Civil War he was an ardent Abolitionist. He was a zealous 
member of the Congregational church, as were also his first and his sec- 
ond wives. He was a son of Ebenezer and Ruth (Stiles) Ellis, the 
former a native of Massachusetts and the latter of Connecticut, and his 
paternal grandfather was Samuel Ellis, who was a patriot soldier in 
the War of the Revolution, and two of whose brothers were killed while 
serving in the French and Indian war. Ruth (Stiles) Ellis was a daugh- 
ter of Ashbel Stiles and she was born at Windsor. Connecticut, of which 
state her ancestors were very early settlers, having there established their 
home on coming to America from England, in 1634. Ashbel Stiles like- 
wise served in the Revolutionary War, and thus Dr. Ellis is eligible in 
both the paternal and maternal lines for membership in the Society of the 
Sons of the American Revolution. Ebenezer S. Ellis was twice married 
and he became the father of five children, all of whom are still living: 
Charles A., the only child of the first union, is a prosperous merchant at 
Pierport, Manistee county, Michigan; Laura L. is the wife of Mahlon 
C. Sheldon, of Southhampton, Massachusetts ; Dr. Ellis, of this review, 
was the next in order of birth ; Edward A. is a resident of Westfield, Mas- 
sachusetts ; and Benjamin H. is also a resident of Westfield. 

Dr. Ellis acquired his early education in the common schools of his 
native state and supplemented this by higher academic courses in Alle- 
gheny College, at Meadville, Pennsylvania. In preparation for his chosen 
life work he finally was matriculated in the (jollege of Physicians and 
Surgeons in New York City, and in this fine institution he was graduated 
on the 1st of March, 1876^ with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. For 
five years thereafter he was engaged in practice at Aleadville, Pennsyl- 
vania, and for the ensuing five vears he was similarly engaged at Ripley, 
New York. In 1886 he established his home at ^lanistee, ^Michigan, and 



1766 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

here he has since continued liis able ministrations, his practice having 
long been large and representative and marked affection and esteem 
being accorded him by the many families to whom he has given timely 
assistance in the hours of suft'ering and distress. His practice is of a gen- 
eral order, but in later years he found special demands upon him in gyne- 
cology and obstetrics. He is known and honored throughout this section 
of the state, not only as a physician, but also as a man of broad human 
s\-mpathy and tolerance and of invincible integrity in all the relations of 
life. He is one of the most valued members of the Manistee County 
Medical Society, of which he is president in 1914. and he is identified also 
with the Michigan State Medical Society and the American Medical As- 
sociation. During his long years of exacting professional work he has 
not pennitted himself to flag in study and investigation, and he thus 
keeps abreast of the advances made in medical and surgical science. 

Dr. Ellis is liberal and loyal as a citizen and while he has had no desire 
for political preferment he is found aligned as a stalwart supporter of 
the principles of the Democratic party. Both he and his wife are com- 
municants of the Catholic church and he is affiliated with the Knights of 
Columbus. 

On the 1st of January, 1874, was solemnized the marriage of Dr. 
Ellis to "Miss Alary E. Clapp, who was born and reared in Massachusetts, 
and they have four children: Ellsworth S., Jr., is a resident of the city 
of Grand Rapids, where he is in the employ of the John S. Xoel Company ; 
Fidelia is the wife of John F. Bailey, manager of the New Royal Theater, 
in Manistee ; Frederick has charge of the offices of an iron company at 
Elk Rapids. Michigan : and Theodore R. is employed in Chicago, by 
the Germania Fire Insurance Company. 

\\'iLBUR E. Warr, editor and manager of the Daily Nezi's. at Luding- 
ton, has been a resident of this city only since 1912, but there is prob- 
ably no better known newspaper man in Northwestern Michigan at this 
time. Connected with journalistic work since his sixteenth year, his 
labors have carried him to various parts of the United States, and his 
fine talents have received recognition in diversified fields of his chosen 
profession. Mr. Warr is a native of Louisville, Kentucky, and was born 
March 26, 1880, a son of John \\'. and Harriet AI. ( Smith ) \\'arr, natives 
of Ohio, the former born in 1846 and the latter in 1850, and now resi- 
dents of Gardena. California. 

John W. Warr was a graduate of an Ohio college, and early in life 
took up educational work, becoming a college professor and subsequently 
one of the owners of Bryant & Stratton's Business College. For many 
years he was engaged in editorial work and as a writer for the leading 
magazines and periodicals, and although he is now living a somewhat re- 
tired life frequent articles still come from his prolific pen. There were 
five children in the family: Percy B.. who is the proprietor of a retail 
merchandise store at Kansas City, Missouri; Bertha M.. who is single: 
\\"ilbur E. ; Archie J., a bookkeeper of Avery, Iowa: and E. N.. manager 
of a foundry and machine shop at San Pedro, California. Mrs. \\ arr is 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

Wilbur E. Warr received his early education in the public schools of 
Louisville, and at the age of sixteen years graduated from the Moline 
(Illinois) high school. Inheriting his father's predilection for literary 
work, he secured employment at that time in a newspaper office, and sub- 
sequentlv became a reporter for a Moline newspaper, remaining at that 
prominent manufacturing city for about six years. Following this, he 
went to Metropolis, Illinois, where he became the proprietor of a weekly 
publication, but after four years disposed of his interests to take up 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1767 

special work for Chicago and St. Louis papers. While thus engaged he 
was sent to Kentucky during the noted Night Rider troubles, during 
which he had some thrilling experiences, and his reports of the inci- 
dents there were printed in leading papers throughout the Middle West. 
Upon his return he went to Chicago, where he accepted the editorship of 
a paper, but soon removed to Janesville, \\'isconsin, where he was editor 
and manager of the Morning Recorder, severing his connection there- 
with to come to Ludington, in iyi2, to accept the position of editor of 
the Daily' Nccvs. Since that time he has also been made manager, and 
under his direction the sheet is building up a large circulation, having more 
than doubled its list of subscribers within six months' time. Aside from 
his duties with this newspaper, Mr. Warr has done a great deal of spe- 
cial writing under the nom de plume of "Bob Linnett." 

^1t. \\'"arr was married in 1900 to ^liss Pearl N. Giles, of Aloline, 
Illinois. They are consistent members of the Episcopal church, and Mr. 
Warr affiliate's fraternally with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
and the Knights of Pythias. Politically a Democrat, he has taken a keen 
interest in the success of his party, which he has aided through the 
medium of his newspaper as a molder of public opinion. He takes a 
prominent part in the councils of his party here, and has served as sec- 
retarv of the county commissioners. Although a very busy man, he is 
easilv approached, and his friends are legion wherever he is kn— — 



10 wn. 



Re\-. Ed\v.\ud a. C.\ldwell, who has recently become pastor of St. 
Mary's Catholic Church, Saginaw, Michigan, has labored zealously in 
the priesthood for more than a quarter of a century. He was born April 
7, 1861, in the citv of Detroit, a son of Thomas and ]\Iargaret (McDon- 
ald) Caldwell, who were married at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, and are both 
now deceased. The parents of Father Caldwell were in modest circum- 
stances, but were honest, reliable. God-fearing people and devout mem- 
bers of the Roman Catholic church. In their family there were six sons 
and one daughter, the latter dying October 15, 1913. 

When stiU a lad, attending the parochial schools of Saginaw, Father 
Caldwell decided upon devoting his life to the priesthood, although none 
of his brothers engaged in religious work. He prosecuted his studies in 
Assumption College. Sandwich, Ontario, Canada, and in 1887 was grad- 
uated from the American College of Louvain, Belgium. Upon being 
ordained his first charge was St. Patrick's Church, at Grand Haven, ;Mich- 
igan. where he spent three years, then going to St. Mary's Church at Big 
Rapids, where five years were spent, following which he was in charge of 
St. ^ilarv's Church at Sheboygan for five years, and then was sent to St. 
Mary's Church, Bay City, wliere he continued as priest thirteen years. At 
the last-named place. Father Caldwell accomplished possibly his greatest 
work. St. Mary's Church of West Bay City was founded in November, 
1873. when the building now used as a schoolhouse was dedicated as a 
church. The erection of the present house of worship was begun in the 
latter part of May, 1881, and was dedicated November 30th of that year 
by the Rt. Rev. Casper H. Borgess, Bishop of the Diocese of Detroit, and 
completed as the fourth church of the diocese in 1883. A very large 
share of the credit for the erection of this church is due to the untiring 
and zealous efforts of Father Schutjes. The parish was set off from 
Bay City in 1873, and the first pastor was Rev. M. G. Cantors,' who was 
succeeded bv Father Schutjes in the summer of 1880. and on March i. 
1888, Rev. Tohn Sanson became assistant pastor, a capacity in which he 
acted until Father Schutjes returned to Europe when the former became 
pastor. Flis successor was Father Schrembs, who served eleven years, 
and was succeeded in October, igoo, by the Rev. Edward A. Caldwell, 



1768 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

with Rev. Anthony O. Bosler as assistant pastor, tlie latter now lieing 
pastor. In 1887 the school was founded by the Catholic Sisters, the old 
church building being remodeled for school purposes, and it now has 
400 pupils, with eight grades, four high school grades and a commercial 
course, and is placed with the accredited schools of the state. The con- 
gregation consists of 350 families, or about 1,600 persons. On October 
27, 1913, Father Caldwell bid farewell to those with whom he had la- 
bored so long, having been appointed pastor of St. ]Mary's Church at 
Saginaw, by Bishop Richter, to fill" the vacancy caused by the death of 
the late Father Dalton. In his new field of labor Father Caldwell will 
no doubt continue to make his activities a most potent element in the 
growth and upbuilding of Catholicism. He is a man of congenial dis- 
position, broad and charitable in his views, with a smile and pleasant 
word for everyone. In his wide circle of friends, he has probablv as 
many Protestant admirers as those of his own faith, while among those 
with whom he has worked he is greatly beloved. One of his chief char- 
acteristics may be said to be his fondness for a good clean joke, and in 
his rare moments of leisure enjoys a spell of story and anecdote. A 
learned and able man, he commands the respect of people of all denomina- 
tions, and his influence has worked for righteousness in whatever local- 
ity he has labored. 

Hnx. Charles Sumner Pierce. The official career of Hon. Charles 
Sumner Pierce, state superintendent of buildings and grounds, of Lans- 
ing, has covered a period of more than twenty years, and his record has 
been characterized by excellent public services and loyal and conscientious 
devotion to the best interest of his state. 'Sir. Pierce is a native of 
Michigan, born on his father's farm in Redford township, Wavne county, 
June 12. 1S58, and is a son of the late Hon. Onesimous O. Pierca, who 
was a pioneer of Wayne county. He was born in St. Lawrence county. 
New York, in 1S09, and came to Michigan in 1837, the same year that 
the state was admitted to the L'nion. Mr. Pierce became a farmer in 
Redford township, accumulated a valuable property through industry 
and able business management, and was a prominent man in his com- 
munity and was frequentlv elected to township offices within the gift of 
his appreciative fellow-citizens. The mother of Charles Sumner Pierce 
bore the maiden name of Catherine Blue and was born in Oneida county. 
New York, in 1818, from whence she accompanied her parents to Wayne 
county, ^lichigan in 1836, when this was still a territory. She was here 
married to Mr. Pierce, who died in 1872, and she survived until 1893. 

Charles Sumner Pierce was reared on the home farm and secured 
his primary' education in the district schools. Later he entered the state 
normal school at Ypsilanti, and after taking the Latin and German courses 
was graduated in 1882. At that time IVIr. Pierce adopted the vocation of 
educator, and in 1883 became principal of the schools of Au Sable, con- 
tinuing at the head of those schools for two years. During this time he 
purchased the Au Sable and Osceola Mezi's, which he first rechristened 
The Saturday Alight and later The Press, and published the latter until 
1900. In 1884 Mr. Pierce had commenced the study of law, and in 1885 
entered the law department of the L'niversity of Michigan, where he was 
graduated with the class of 1887, receiving his degree of Bachelor of 
Laws. Soon thereafter he was admitted to the bar and began the prac- 
tice of his profession at Oscoda, Michigan, in 1888. and in the following 
year was elected attorney for that village, an office which he held until 

1891. He was commissioner of schools of Iosco county during 1891 and 

1892. and in the latter year was elected to represent the Twenty-eighth 
District as a member of the Michigan State Senate, in which distinguished 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1769 

body lie served one term. In 1897 Mr. Pierce was chosen secretary of 
the Senate, serving in that capacity during the sessions of 1897, 1898, 
1899 and 1900, and in January, 1901, his ability was recognized by his 
appointment as deputy secretary of state, serving as such until [anuary, 
1906. While an incumbent of that office, Mr. Pierce was granted a leave 
of absence to accept the position of clerk of the House of Representa- 
tives, for the session of 1903, and again, under the same circumstances, 
served as clerk of the House during the session of 1905, Two years later 
he occupied the same office, and July i, 1907, was appointed state game, 
fish and forestry warden, an office which he held for four years, or until 
July I, 191 1. The special session of the legislature held in 191 1 saw Mr. 
Pierce again chosen as clerk of the House, and two years later he was 
again honored by that office. In May, 1913, came Mr. Pierce's appoint- 
ment as superintendent of buildings and grounds at the state capitol, a 
position which he has continued to hold. Mr. Pierce's official life has 
been one of intense activity, in which he has displayed executive and 
administrative talents of a high order. He is widely known in political 
circles of the state, and has the friendship of men of all parties who have 
appreciated his steadfast honesty and devotion to high principles. 

Mr. Pierce has been twice married. In 1889 he was united with Miss 
Frances Barnard, of Detroit, who died in 1900, leaving the following chil- 
dren : Barnard, a senior at the University of ^Michigan, where he is 
taking the law and literary courses ; \'irginia, a member of the sophomore 
class at that institution; and Kenneth, who is attending the Lansing High 
school. In 1907 Mr. Pierce was married to Miss Charlotte E. Ken- 
nedy, of Grancl Marais, Michigan, and they have one son — Charles 
Sumner, Jr. 

William P. Kavanaugh. It is no inconsiderable attainment to 
start a poor boy of sixteen and by years of consecutive endeavor build up 
a large industry in the fish business, to become president of a bank, and 
officially connected with several other .well known concerns. That is a 
concise account of Mr. Kavanaugh's present position in the business life 
at Bay City. What he has he owes to the talents, the energies and the 
business qualities of his own character. 

Born near Guelph, Ontario, Canada, December 25, 1872, William 
P. Kavanaugh is a son of Peter and Mdry (Kelly) Kavanaugh. His 
father was born in Ireland, came to Canada early in the fifties, followed 
the trade of saddler and died about 1877. The mother, who was born 
in Canada, and who had five children, of whom William was the third, 
after her husband's death moved to Bay City, where she died in 1889 
at the age of forty. The son was five years of age, when he lost his 
father, and from the time he was sixteen he was out in the world on his 
own resources. In the meantime the public schools of Bay City had 
given him a fair foundation of learning, and after leaving school he 
found employment in the fishing industry, which is one of the large and 
important activities in this section. From a very humble start, he de- 
veloped a business in which a large force of men are now employed, 
and he has a trade which is the largest in live fish, and at the same time 
employs much capital and many hands in the freezing, salting and 
smoking of fish. 

His success in one industry has naturally led him to connection with 
various other enterprises. His headquarters in the fish business are at 
Essexville, and he was one of the founders of the State Savings Bank 
of Essexville, and now its president. This bank is under State super- 
vision and is owned by local people. In August, 1913, its resources were 
over sixty thousand dollars, the capital stock being twenty thousand. 



1770 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

and its deposits over forty tiiousand. Mr. Kavanaugh is also director 
and treasurer of tlie Ro^-al Coal Company. 

A Democrat in politics, he is at this writing a member of the board 
of estimates, and for the past eight years has taken an active part in civic 
affairs. His fraternal affiliations are with the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks, the Knights of Columbus. He belongs to the Catholic 
church, is a member of the Country Club and the Board of Commerce. 
At Bay City on October 5, 1904, occurred his marriage to Miss Nellie 
Callahan, who was born in Bay City, a daughter of Dennis Callahan, one 
of the old settlers of that locality. They have four children, Helen 
Kavanaugh, William Patrick, Jr., Alargaret Kavanaugh, and John Virgil 
Kavanaugh. The Kavanaugh home is at 242 N. Madison Street in 
Bay City. 

\ViLLi.\M H. G.\Y. The precedence of the city of Grand Rapids as 
an industrial and commercial center has been signally fostered through 
the extensive operations of the extensive manufacturing enterprise of 
the Berkey & Gay Furniture Company, which is recognized as the largest 
and most important of the corporations that have made Grand Rapids 
a world center for the manufacturing of furniture. The products of the 
great plant of this company comprise general lines of high-grade furni- 
ture and its trade extends into the most diverse sections of the civilized 
world, with specially wide ramifications, as may be supposed, throughout 
the United States and the Canadian provinces. He whose name initiates 
this paragraph is known and honored as one of the most enterprising 
and progressive business men and most liberal and loyal citizens of 
Michigan's beautiful "\'alley City," and he has done much to further 
the civic and material advancement of his native city and state. He is 
president of the Berkey & Gay Furniture Company and is a scion of a 
family whose name has been long and conspicuously identified with large 
and important business activities in Grand Rapids. 

Mr. Gay was born in Grand Jiapids on the 30th of May, 1863, and 
is a son of George W. and Helen ( Hovey) Gay, the former of whom 
was born in Washington county, New York, in 1837, and the latter of 
whom was born in the city of Boston, ^Massachusetts, in 1835. The 
father passed from the scene of life's mortal endeavors on the 13th of 
September, 1899, his devoted wife having been summoned to eternal 
rest in April of the pre;ceding year. George W. Gay came to Michigan 
in the year 1859 and forthwith established his residence in the small but 
promising village of Grand Rapids, which was at that time known prin- 
cipally as a center of lumbering operations. He engaged in the hard- 
ware business as one of the pioneer merchants of the city, but about two 
years later he turned his attention to the manufacturing of furniture. 
This work of founding a great industrial enterprise was accomplished 
in the year 1863, when he became associated with William A. and Julius 
Berkey. under the firm name of Berkey Brothers & Company. From a 
modest inception was built up an industry that is now one of the largest 
and most important of its kind in the world, and it is fortunate that the 
names of the founders of the business are still retained in the corporate 
title under which the enterprise is conducted, for this is given enduring 
recognition of men who played a large part in the industrial and general 
development and upbuilding of the second city of Michigan. With the 
passing of the years the manufacturing business of the firm expanded 
rapidlv in scope and importance, and in 1873, as a matter of commercial 
and financial expediency, the concern was incorporated under the title 
of the Berkev & Gav Furinture Company, which has been retained dur- 
ing the long intervening years, the extensive operations of the company 
being based on a capital stock of $900,000 at the present time. 




GEORGE W. GAY 



THI MW TOM 






HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1771 

In Grand Rapids the year 1861 bore record of the marriage of George 
W. Gay to Aliss Helen Hovey, who was a representative of one of the 
sterling pioneer families of Michigan, her father, William Ilovev, who 
was born in Massachusetts and who had been a prominent architect and 
contractor in the city of Boston, having come to Michigan in 1857. Mr. 
Hovey built up a successful contracting business in Grand Rapids, but 
he soon became one of the influential figures in the development of the 
fine gypsum mines which were destined to make "Grand Rapids plaster" 
a famous commercial product, and in this field of enterprise he was the 
valued representative of a number of substantial Eastern capitalists. 
yir. Hovey passed the remainder of his life in Grand Rapids, and his 
name merits enduring place on the roster of those who aided in the early 
development of the city's industrial activities. George W. Gay. who 
began his independent career as a youth with no special financial re- 
sources, achieved large and worthy success as one of the world's pro- 
ductive workers, and he was long numbered among the representative 
men of affairs in Grand Rapids, even as he was a citizen imbued with 
utmost loyalty and public spirit. His father, Joel. Gay, was a native of 
^Massachusetts, but became a farmer in the state of Xew York, where 
he took up his residence in an early day and where he continued to 
reside until his death. George W. Gay was a stalwart and well-fortified 
advocate of the principles of the Republican party and, while he had no 
definite ambition for political preferment,, his saijee of civic duty caused 
him to consent to serve in various municipal offices in Grand Rapids, 
including that of member of the board of aldermen and that of member 
of the board of police and fire commissioners. Both he and his wife 
were most zealous members of the Fountain Street Baptist church of 
Grand Rapids, and in the same he held the office of deacon for a luimber 
of years. He was a man of noble character and much business abilitv, 
and his name shall be held in lasting honor in the city in which he long 
lived and labored and to the advancement of which he contributed in 
most generous measure. Of the two children surviving him, the elder 
is William H., of this review, who has proved his worthy successor in 
the direction of the affairs of the Berkey & Gay Furniture Company, 
and the younger is Gertrude Gay Carman, who is the wife of Charles 
W. Carman, her husband having been for a number of years a valued 
member of the faculty of the celebrated Lewis Institute, in the city of 
Chicago, and being now a representative farmer of Kent county. 

William H. Gay attended the public schools of Grand Rapids until, 
he had completed the curriculum of the high school. His health was 
somewhat delicate at this stage of his career, and in order to obtain the 
fullest amount of fresh air and a quota of incidental physical exercise he 
sought outdoor work. After being thus engaged for a time, he entered 
the factory of the Berkey & Gay Furniture Company, and with this 
great establishment he has literally grown up, his experience having 
been such as to familiarize him with all details of the business of which 
he is now the able executive head. Besides holding preferment as presi- 
dent of the company, he is also the general manager of the business, and 
his regime in this capacity has shown by results his distinctive admin- 
istrative capacity and progressive policies. Mr. Gay has other important 
capitalistic interests than those represented in the great corporation of 
which he is president. He is a director of each of the following named 
and representative financial institutions of Grand Rapids : The Fourth 
National Bank, the Commercial Savings Bank, the People's Savings 
Bank, and the Michigan Trust Company, besides which he is a stock- 
holder in other financial and industrial corporations. He devotes the 
greater part of his time and attention to his executive responsibilities 



1772 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

as president and general manager of the Berkey & Gay Furniture Com- 
pany, and is ever found ready to lend his influence and co-operation in 
the furtherance of movements and enterprises projected for the civic 
and material advancement of his native city, where his circle of friends 
is limited only by that of his acquaintances. In politics Mr. Gay is 
aligned as a staunch supporter of the cause of the Republican party, 
but he has had no desire for the honors or emoluments of public office. 
He holds membership in the Baptist church, and ]Mrs. Gay is a member 
of the Congregational church. They are prominent in the representa- 
tive social activities of Grand Rapids, and their beautiful home is known 
for its gracious hospitality. 

In the year 1888 was solemnized the marriage of 2^Ir. Gay to ]^Iiss 
Xetta Cole, daughter of the late Edwin Cole, who was long a representa- 
tive shoe merchant of Grand Rapids, in which city IMrs. Gay was born 
and reared. 

Julius Er.astus Thatcher. Manager of the Thatcher Real Estate 
Exchange, with offices in the Chamber of Commerce building at Detroit, 
Julius E. Thatcher is a native of ^Michigan. He was born at Pontiac, 
Oakland county, Alay 27, 1859, son of Erastus and Fanny Elizabetli 
(Richardson) Thatcher. Grandfather Asa Thatcher, a native of Con- 
necticut, was a soldier in Washington's armj- during the Revolutionary 
war. Julius E. Thatcher is one of the few men still living who had 
grandfathers as revolutionary soldiers and is probably the only member 
of the Michigan Chapter of the Society of the Sons of the American 
Revolution so distinguished. The Thatchers have a long and interesting 
geneaIog}^ The first of the name was Rev. Thomas Thatcher, founder 
and first pastor of the Old South church in Boston, one of the shrines of 
American patriotism. Coming from England to America as early as 
1635, and residing for a time in the Plymouth colony of Massachusetts 
and subsequently moving to Boston, Rev. Thomas Thatcher performed 
his first ceremony service as a minister in what was known as the old 
Cedar Meetinghouse, on the site of which was subsequently erected Old 
South church, an institution that had peculiar relations with the events 
of colonial and revolutionary history. 

Erastus Thatcher, father of the Detroit business man, was born 
at North Bennington, \'ermont, October 30, 1825, and died in \\'ash- 
ington, D. C, December 25, 1898. In the early fifties coming to Michi- 
gan and locating at Pontiac, his learning and ability quickly made him a 
man of prominence. He had been educated in Amherst College, was a 
lawyer by profession and training, served as first mayor of Pontiac, and 
practiced law in that city until a short time before the Civil war, when 
his interests were transferred to Saginaw, where as a merchant his suc- 
cess was as great as had been his work in the law. In 1876 occurred his 
removal to Washington, D. C, and at the time of his death he was serving 
as editor of the Washington Law Reporter. A man of versatile talents 
and abilities, his success in each field of endeavor was clear-cut, and his 
associates regarded him as a leader and an authority. Fanny Elizabeth 
Richardson, to whom he was married in Pontiac, was a native of New- 
York state, of Quaker stock, daughter of Peter Richardson, who became 
a pioneer farmer of Oakland county in Michigan. Mrs. Erastus Thatcher 
died in 1895 at the age of sixty-two. 

After finishing his education in the Ann Arbor high school, Julius 
E. Thatcher in 18S0 entered the service of the United States \\"eather 
bureau at Washington. That service, almost like that of the army, in- 
volved much change of residence, and in 1889 the department sent him 
to Texas, where he worked as a weather forecaster for about three years. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1773 

On leaving the government service 'Mr. Thatcher engaged in the insur- 
ance business at Trenton, New Jersey, as agency director for the New 
Yorlv Life Insurance Company. He was in the bond and banking busi- 
ness at Chicago until 1910, at which time the Thatcher Real Estate 
Exchange was established in Detroit. Mr. Thatcher is the owner of 
some valuable improved real estate in Detroit, and is a member of the 
Detroit Real Estate Board and of the Detroit Board of Commerce. His 
wife before her marriage was Miss Maude A. Metcalf, a native of Rome, 
New York, and a daughter of Eliot and Mira A. (Metcalf) Metcalf. 
Eliot Metcalf was in the direct line of descent from the Eliot family from 
which is also descended Professor Charles Eliot, formerly of Harvard 
University. Mr. and Mrs. Thatcher have one daughter. Vera. 

Arthur Elliott Owen, M. D. Few among the younger genera- 
tion of Michigan physicians have gained a more substantial reputation in 
the special field of diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat, than that 
which has crowned the career of Dr. Arthur Elliott Owen, of Lansing. 
He is a native of Michigan and a descendant of two pioneer families of 
the state, those of Owen and Gardutt. He was born on the family farm in 
Grand Blanc townshij), Genesee county, Michigan, October 6, 18S2, and 
is a son of William Elliott and Ella Mary (Gardutt) Owen. 

The Owen family is of Welsh stock, but its members have been in 
America for at least four generations, the ^Michigan settler being William 
Owen, who was a native of New York state and came to Michigan dur- 
ing the early days of the history of this commonwealth. Taking up land 
in Grand Blanc township, of the present site thereof, he cleared and 
improved a good farm, and there spent the remaining years of his long, 
active and useful life. The farm is stiU in the possession of the Owen 
family. William Elliott Owen was born on the old homestead, which he 
inherited from his father, and resided on it for a number of years, but 
subsequently removed to the village of Grand Blanc, although he con- 
tinued to superintend the operations on the home place. In 1894 Mr. 
Owen left Grand Blanc and went to the city of Detroit, and there has 
continued to reside to the present time. Ella Mary Gardutt, the mother 
of Doctor Owen, was born at Drayton Plains, Michigan, a daughter of 
Richard Gardutt, a Michigan pioneer, and she also survives and resides 
in Detroit. 

The primary education of Doctor Owen was secured in the village 
schools of Grand Blanc, and subsequently he entered the Central High 
school, Detroit, from which he was graduated in 1903. At that time he 
took up the study of medicine, and a short time later became a student 
in the Detroit College of Medicine, being graduated from that noted in- 
stitution with the class of 1907, and the degree of Doctor of Medicine. 
During the following year he embarked upon the practice of his pro- 
fession at Lansing, as assistant to Doctor Foster, with which well-known 
physician he continued two years, and then succeeded him in practice. 
Since that time Doctor Owen has established a professional business 
that extends all over Ingham county, confining himself to treatment of 
diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat. Doctor Owen has been p. con- 
stant and close student of his profession, and has spent much of his time 
in research and investigation. In 1910 he furthered his fine training by a 
trip to Europe, where'he took post-graduate work in the cities of Lon- 
don, England, and Vienna, Austria. He belongs to the Ingham County 
Medical Society, the Michigan State Medical Society and the American 
Medical Association. His finely-appointed offices are located at No. 12S 
West Allegan street, where he has a large medical library and the finest 
instruments known to the profession. Fraternally, Doctor Owen is iden- 



1774 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

tified with Lansing Lodge No. 66, of the .]\Iasonic order, and Lansing 
Lodge, Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. The Doctor is un- 
married. 

Ch.arles N. Belcher has been a member of the Manistee County Bar 
during the past twelve years. The name Belcher is the old French for 
"Bel chere" — good company. "Bon compagnon," or goodfellow, would 
be another form. Chaucer has it, "For cosynage and eek for bele cheer." 
Kingswood, Wiltshire, England, has been the seat of the Belcher fam- 
ily for centuries. The family coat of arms is Poly of six or (gold) and 
gules (red ) a chief vair. The family crest was a greyhound's head erased 
(i. e. not "couped" or cut oil, but torn off) ermine. The motto, "Loyal au 
Mort" — Loyal even to death. 

The Belcher family in America is traced directly back to one of the 
family who came to the colonies on the Mayflower. Later one of the fam- 
ily became Governor of New Jersey, and another of New Hampshire. 

Elisha Belcher, the grandfather of Charles N. Belcher, was born at 
Boston, Alassachusetts, in 1810, and in 1826 came to ^Michigan. He be- 
came a lawyer of exceptional ability and for a number of years served on 
the bench, dying in Kalamazoo, Michigan, in 1852. 

C. M. Belcher, father of Charles N. Belcher, was born at Kalamazoo 
in 1839. He was a member of Co. I, First Michigan Cavalry, during the 
Civil War, the last thirteen months of which he was confined in Ander- 
sonville, Libby and other southern prisons. He was married in 1868 to 
Nellie Norton, who was born at Cooper, Michigan, in 1843, her parents 
having come to Alichigan from Connecticut. ;\Ir. Belcher was engaged in 
the cattle business in "south-western Kansas for a number of years. He 
now resides at Manistee. 

Charles N. Belcher was born at Otsego, Michigan, in 1876. He re- 
ceived the degree of A. B. in 1898 from Kansas University, and M. A. 
from the same institution in 1899. He graduated from the Law School at 
the University of Michigan in 1901. He was married to Elizabeth May 
Vickers of Paola, Kansas, January i, 1903. 

Mrs. Belcher secured her degree of A. B. from the University of 
Kansas in 1899, and M. A. from the University of ^Michigan in 1902. She 
is prominent in club work in ]\Ianistee. Mr. and yirs. Belcher have two 
daughters, Helen aged eight years, and Hazel, aged six years. 

Mr. Belcher has offices in the First National Bank Building. While 
his practice is general, he has specialized in commercial and real estate 
law. He is a Republican in politics and has served as prosecuting attorney 
of Manistee Countv. as United States commissioner, and as a member of 
the School Board of Manistee city schools, of which he was secretary for 
five years. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias and of the Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks, being Past Exalted Ruler of B. P. O. 
E. No. 250. 

Drs. W. and C. M. Ryno. It is not unusual to lind the members of 
a family showing a predilection for the same line of business or 
profession, the son inheriting from the father the qualities which have 
made for success in a chosen field. Particularly is this true in the science 
of medicine, and an illustration in point may be found in the persons of 
Drs. Wakeman and Corydon Mott Ryno, father and son, of Benton Har- 
bor, who are numbered among the most prominent physicians of South- 
western ^Michigan. 

The Ryno family is accounted one of the pioneer organizations of 
Berrien county, where the founder was a worthy citizen, and the two suc- 
ceeding generations have proven themselves worthy to bear the name of 



HISTORY OF AIICHIGAN 1775 

the Michigan pioneer, John Boice Ryno. That stalwart early settler was 
born at Ovid, Seneca county. New York, April 2, 1821, and was a son of 
John Stites Ryno, a native of Westfield, New Jersey. He removed from 
Jersey to Seneca county, New York, and died there' in 1825. John Boice 
Ryno married at Trumanlnirg, New York, Sabra Garrett, who was born 
at that place. Losing his father at the age of four years, John B. Ryno 
acquired only a common school education in the schools of Seneca county, 
and when a youth of seventeen years began an apprenticeship to the trade 
of blacksmith. In 1851, seeking a new lield for his activities, he came to 
the West, securing some wild land in Hagar township, Berrien county, 
where his family joined him in 1856. In 1859 ^^^- Ryno traded his wild 
land for an improved farm near Coloma, in Watervliet township and re- 
moved thereto, and there carried on blacksmithing and farming until i860, 
when, after losing an eye he gave up his trade and concentrated his entire 
energies upon the pursuits of the soil, and continued to be so engaged 
until the time of his death, April 18, 1900, Mrs. Ryno having died in 1889. 
He was originally a Whig in his political views, and subsequently became 
a Lincoln Republican, giving his support to that party during the remainder 
of his life, although he was not an office seeker, he always took a good and 
public-spirited citizen's interest in affairs of a political character. 

Dr. ^^'akeman Ryno, son of John Boice Ryno, was born at Lodi, 
.Seneca county. New York, June 9, 1849. He received his literary educa- 
tion in the common schools at Coloma. and subsequently attended the 
Trumanburg (New York) Academy. He was a lad of seven years when 
he accompanied his parents to Michigan, and here he grew up amid rural 
surroundings, but was not satisfied to remain a farmer, and with the in- 
tention of entering upon a professional career took up the study of med- 
icine. He was graduated from the medical department of the University 
of Michigan with the class of 1872, and received the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine, and two years later took post-graduate work at Bellevue Hos- 
pital, New York City. In 1872 he entered upon the practice of his pro- 
fession, at Coloma, where he remained in the enjoyment of a successful 
patronage until 1891, and in that year came to Benton Harbor, where he 
has since continued. The doctor was one of the organizers of the Ber- 
rien County Medical Society in 1873 ; member of the State Medical So- 
ciety, 1886, and the American Medical Association, 1886; Michigan Cre- 
mation Society, 1887 ; also a member of the F. A. M., K. T. and S. A. R. 
He is the author of "Amen," an astro-theological work, 1910; and "The 
Ryno Family," now ready for the press. 

In 1875 Doctor Ryno was married at Kalamazoo, Michigan, to Miss 
Hannah Jane Rosa, who was born in Hagar township, Berrien county, 
i\Iichigan, daughter of Wallace Rosa, a pioneer of that township. At 
the outbreak of the Civil War, Mr. Rosa enlisted in a Michigan regiment 
of volunteers, as did his three brothers, but while they all returned safely 
home at the end of their periods of enlistment, Mr. Rosa died as a pris- 
oner of war in the horrible Andersonville stockade, of starvation. 

Dr. Corydon Mott Ryno, son of Dr. Wakeman Ryno, was born at 
Coloma, Berrien county, Michigan, January 31, 1876, and early gave evi- 
dence of a predilection for his father's profession. He received his early 
education in the public schools, and after some preparation entered Rut- 
gers College, N. t-. where he was graduated in the class of 1898 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Sciences. He then continued his medical studies 
under his father's preceptorship for a short time, and then entered the 
medical department of Yale University, there receiving his degree of 
Doctor of Medicine in 1901. Succeeding this. Doctor Ryno spent a year 
in study and travel in Europe, and in 1903 returned to Benton Harbor 
and joined his father in practice. Doctor Ryno has also been prominent 



1776 HISTORY OF AIICHIGAN 

in puljlic affairs in the city, having Ijeen elected alderman in 1909. In 
1910 he was elected to the mayoralty, but in 1912 met with defeat, only to 
be re-elected to that office in 1914. He is giving his city a good, clean and 
business-like administration, which has been characterized by progress 
and advancement in civic affairs. 

On July 16, 1902, Doctor Ryno was married to Miss Ida Eder, of Chi- 
cago, and they have three children: Dorothea, Elizabeth and Jane. 
Doctor Ryno is a member of the Berrien County Medical Society, the 
Michigan State Medical Society and the American ^ledical Association. 
He belongs also to Lake Shore Lodge No. 29S, F. & A. IM., to Michigan 
Consistory of the thirty-second degree and to Saladin Temple, A. A. O. 
X. !\I. S., of Grand Rapids, ^Michigan. 

Hox. Orvice R. Leon.\rd. In business circles Mr. Leonard is best 
known in Detroit and through Michigan as general agent in the Lower 
Peninsula for the National Surety Company of New York, and is an 
insurance man of long and varied experience, both in this state and else- 
where. Mr. Leonard has recently completed his second term in the [Mich- 
igan legislature, where his service was particularly valuable in insurance 
legislation and also in the investigation of the affairs of the Pere Mar- 
quette railroad system. A successful business man, he has also been hon- 
ored at various times with -important offices and his home has been in 
Detroit for more than twenty-years. 

Orvice R. Leonard is a New-Ejiglander by birth, born at Keene, New 
Hampshire, September 24, 1865. His parents were Henry O. and Har- 
riette ( Hendrick) Leonard. Henry O. Leonard was born in \'ermont in 
1839, the son of Oliver R. Leonard,. a native of that state and a descendant 
of an old New England family. Henry O. Leonard was for four and a 
half years in the service of the government during the Civil war, and 
though enlisting as a private soldier on account of his fine penmanship 
was detailed for clerical work in the field department. As a boy he had 
learned fine finish work in cabinet making and kindred lines, and that was 
the basis of his regular vocation all his life, being employed on the higher 
class of work on pianos and wagons. His career was spent in ^'ermont 
and New Hampshire until his declining years, and he now makes his home 
in Cambridge, [Massachusetts. Fraternally he is an Odd Fellow and a 
member of the Baptist church. His wife, Harriette Hendrick, was born 
in New Hampshire in 1836 and died in 1887. Ancestors in both the 
Leonard and Hendrick lines served as soldiers in the Revolutionary war 
and the war of 1812. 

Mr. Orvice R. Leonard grew up and received his educational advan- 
tages in the two New England states of Vermont and New Hampshire, 
attending the public schools of Keene and also of Brattleboro, \'ermont, 
and was also a student in the \^ermont Academy at Saxton's River. His 
business e.xperiences began as clerk in a mercantile store, and was varied 
by considerable work as a piano and organ tuner. After coming to De- 
troit in 1890 [Mr. Leonard was for two years chief clerk in the office of 
Register of Deeds in Wayne county. This was followed by eleven years 
in the bond business. In 1903 [Mr. Leonard became resident manager in 
Detroit for the National Surety Company, and since 1908 has served that 
company as general agent for the Lower Peninsular and under his man- 
agement that company has a well fortified position in all parts of the 
state. 

Mr. Leonard has had an interesting military career. Back in X'ermont 
he spent nine years in the National Guards, and after coming to [Michigan 
was in the [Michigan Naval Reserve, and during the Spanish-American 
war went with that notable organization on the famous cruise on board the 



rai jfiw leMt 






HISTORY OF MICHIGAN ]777 

U. S. S. Yosemite, a ship that won unusual honors while in Cuban waters. 
Since locating in Detroit he has been more or less actively identilied with 
the Republican party, and has accepted several appointments outside the 
usual routine of public office. In 1906 President Roosevelt appointed him 
the first marshal of the United States court for China, and for several 
months he was located at Shanghai. President Taft, in 1910, made him 
supervisor of census for the first district of Michigan. In the same year 
came his first election to the Michigan legislature as representative of the 
first district in Wayne county, and in 1912 he was re-elected, his plurality 
the second time being nearly 3.000. During the session of 1913 Mr. 
Leonard was chairman of the committee on insurance in the House, and 
the various important insurance measures that were considered and en- 
acted in the law bore the impress of his thorough experience and judg- 
ment. However, his time was chiefly taken up in that session with the 
investigation of the Pere Marquette Railroad system. It was largely due 
to his efiforts that the bill was passed for the organization of the Michigan 
Naval Reserve. Mr. Leonard is a member of the Episcopal church, affi- 
liates with the Masonic and Odd Fellows order, and belongs to the Detroit 
Athletic Club and other clubs. 

Georce Whitfield P.\rker. Prominent in railway trafific circles in 
Detroit, George Whitfield Parker is one of the well known and active 
business men and civic leaders of the Michigan metropolis, and outside 
of his immediate and chief business has connections with a number of 
the commercial and social organizations of the city. His family has been 
prominent in the city for a great many years, and Mr. Parker is a native 
son of Detroit. 

George Whitfield Parker was born in Detroit, May 5, 1870, a son of 
Thomas and Helen Dodsley (Watts) Parker. The parents were born 
and married in England, coming to the United States about the close of 
the Civil war. Their first home was in Cincinnati, Ohio, from there they 
came to Michigan, and after a residence of brief duration at Saginaw, 
located in Detroit. Thomas Parker was an expert in the manufacture of 
leather belting, and that was his line of work for many years. In the 
religious life of Detroit he had a very active part. Reared a ]\Iethodist, 
on coming to Detroit, he identified himself with the Jeflferson Avenue 
]\Iethodist Episcopal church, a church which at that time had its home at 
the corner of Jeiiferson and St. Aubin Avenues. The subseiiuent removal 
of that church caused Mr. Parker to affiliate with the Memorial Presby- 
terian Church at the corner of Joseph Campau Avenue and Clinton 
Streets. The pastor of the Memorial Church was the Rev. Cooper, D. D., 
who had been a lifelong friend of Mr. Parker. With that church he 
continued a working member, and was also a ruling elder. Some years 
later the family home was moved to the northern part of Detroit, and 
there the late Mr. Parker became a member of the Highland Park Pres- 
byterian church, in which he was a ruling elder at the time of his death. 
He died July 15, 1907, at the age of seventy-three and his widow sur- 
vives, being now in her seventy-third year. 

George W. Parker, during his boyhood in Detroit, attended the 
Duffield school, and the Central high school. His equipment for life was 
further improved by attendance at the Detroit Business University. His 
first regular position on the ladder of advancement was as a clerk in ^Mac- 
Farland's Book Store, a well known old shop, which in those years 
stood on the site now occupied by the Majestic Building. After three 
months' experience in the book shop, ^Ir. Parker found a place with 
greater opportunities, and which opened the way for his permanent career. 
He entered the office of James H. Muir, of the Grand Trunk Railway, 



1778 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

and continued in the traffic department of that road in different capacities, 
inckiding work as rate clerk, chief clerk, soliciting freight agent, and 
traveling freight agent, until September 4, 1900. At that date came his 
resignation in order to take the place of general express and freight agent 
of the Detroit United Railway, and its suburban lines. That is the im- 
portant office which ]\Ir. Parker holds at the present time, in transporta- 
tion affairs centering at Detroit. He is one of the best known traffic 
officials in the city, and has served as secretary three years and presi- 
dent three years of the Detroit Transportation Club. 

On October 8, 1910, Mr. Parker accepted the honorary position as a 
member of the Perry Victory Centennial Commission for the state of 
Michigan. He has since acted as chairman of the Michigan Committee, 
and has also been a member of the executive committee of the Interstate 
Board of the Perry \'ictory Commission, this committee having charge 
of the erection of the memorial of that celebration at Put-in-E!ay. Sep- 
tember loth, and nth, 1913. Among other social and civic relations 
enjoyed by Mr. Parker is his membership with the Detroit Board of Com- 
merce, the Detroit Club, the Detroit Boat Club and the Detroit Athletic 
Club (New). He is prominent in Y. AI. C. A. work and a member of 
the First Presbyterian church. 

On June 20, 1906, Mr. Parker married }\Iary C. McGregor, who was 
born at St. Joseph, Missouri, a daughter of Robert B. and Anne Mc- 
Gregor, now residents of Detroit. 

John Leo Burk.\rt, M. D. One of Michigan's able surgeons and 
stirring and helpful citizens is Dr. John Leo Burkart, of Big Rapids, 
secretary of the Alichigan State Board of Health and for many years 
prominently identified with medical and National Guard affairs. Doctor 
Burkart is a Canadian by birth, born in County Norfolk, Ontario, Feb- 
ruary 28, 1853, and is a son af the late Anselem Burkart, of Canada and 
Michigan, who was a native of Baden, Germany, and came to America in 
1 85 1, settling in County Norfolk, Ontario, Canada, where a brother, Sef- 
rin Burkart, was then residing. 

The first of the family to come to America was William Burkart, the 
eldest brother of Anselem Burkart, a musician, who emigrated in about 
the year 1845 and settled at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a mu- 
sician in the bands of the old circus men, Barnum and \'an Amburg, and 
was a member of the band which played for Jenny Lind, "the Swedish 
nightingale," on her first tour of America under the management of P. 
T. Barnum. Anselem Burkart, the father of Doctor Burkart, learned the 
moulding trade in Germany and in Canada he and his brother Sefrin es- 
tablished a foundry at Delhi, in the county of Norfolk. There Mr. Burk- 
art married the daughter of Squire Patrick Doyle of Talbot street, a 
native of Ireland and a noted pioneer of that county. Later Anselern 
Burkart sold stoves throughout Ontario, traveling through the country in 
a wagon and selling direct to the people, thus disposing of the first stove 
sold in that county. In 1882 he removed to Detroit, Michigan, where he 
became a traveling salesman, and continued to be so engaged until within 
a few years of his death, which occurred in 1899, when he was seventy- 
seven years of age. ^Irs. Burkart still survives, and is now making her 
home with her son. Doctor Burkart, at Big Rapids. 

The primary education of Doctor Burkart was acquired in the Can- 
adian grammar" schools, following which he was prepared for college at 
St. Michael's College, Toronto, and began the study of medicine in 1870 
at Ingersoll. Entering \'ictoria Medical College (now a part of the Uni- 
versity of Toronto) he was graduated with the degree of Doctor of ]\Ied- 
icine in May, 1874, and at once entered upon the practice of his chosen 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1779 

profession at Beechville. County Oxford, Ontario. In 1876 Doctor Burk- 
art spent some time in Philadelphia, and in the fall of the same year at- 
tended Trinity ^ledical College ( now a part of the University of 
Toronto), there receiving his AI. B. degree in 1877. Following this he 
took the examination before the College of Physicians and Surgeons and 
next became a licentiate of the Ontario College of Pharmacy, subse- 
quently opening a drug store at Thamesford, County Oxford, Ontario, 
where he also practiced medicine for four years. In 1881 Doctor Burk- 
art came to Big Rapids, Michigan, to accept a partnership with Dr. W. A. 
Hendricks, and at the same time became attending surgeon to Mercy 
Hospital, Big Rapids, which position he held until he moved to Grand 
Rapids, Michigan, in 1895. In 1894 he was appointed captain and as- 
sistant surgeon of the Second Regiment Infantry, Michigan National 
Guards, in 1895 removed to Grand Rapids, and in April, 1898, went with 
his regiment into the Spanish-American War. While absent from the 
city, he was appointed, May i, 1898, city physician of the city of Grand 
Rapids. Doctor Burkart went into service as captain and assistant sur- 
geon of the Thirty-second Michigan Volunteer Infantry, and served 
throughout the period of the war, seeing service at Tampa and Fernan- 
dino, Florida, and Huntsville, Alabama. Upon being mustered out of 
the army, October 2-j. 189S, he took up his duties as city physician of 
Grand Rapids, from which office he retired in June, 1900. 

In July, 19CX), Doctor Burkart was offered and accepted an appoint- 
ment as acting assistant surgeon in the medical corps of the United States 
army and served his first tour of three years duty in the Philippine 
Islands, seeing active service in the Department of the Vizayas, returning 
to the United States in 1903. During all this time he continued to hold 
his commission in the Michigan National Guard, and in June, 1903, was 
promoted major and surgeon of the Second .]\Iichigan Infantry, serving 
with his regiment in the joint military manoeuvers at West Point. On 
February i, 1904, the Doctor returned to the Philippines and served his 
second tour of duty as acting assistant surgeon of the Medical Corps, 
and in the fall of 1906 was assigned to duty at Fort Sheridan, Chicago, 
and subsequently at Fort Wayne, Detroit. He retired from the service 
December 22, 1908, to return to Big Rapids to take up private practice. 
Doctor Burkart was appointed secretary of the Michigan State Board of 
Health, with headquarters at Lansing, in December. 1913, and took up 
his duties Februarv i, 1914. He is a valued member of the Mecosta 
County Medical So'cietv and of the Michigan State Medical Society, hav- 
ing served as president of the surgical section of the latter society and 
as president of the Tri-County Medical Society of Northern Michigan. 
He held the chair of Materia ^Medica and Therapeutics at the Grand 
Rapids Medical School, and is department adjutant of the Department 
of :\Iichigan of the Spanish-American War Veterans Society. Doctor 
Burkart resigned from the Michigan National Guard in 1904 being the 
first officer to be retired under the new law regulating retirement there- 
from. He has been prominent in Catholic fraternal affairs in Michigan, 
having served as grand president, grand medical examiner, grand chan- 
cellor and in other capacities in the Catholic Mutual Benefit Asodation of 
Michio-an, was a charter member of Grand Rapids Council of the 
Kniglits of Columbus, and belongs to the \\'oodmen and the Independent 
Order of Foresters. 

Doctor Burkart was married in 1888 to Ellen Jane McGurrin, a sister 
of Gen. William T. :McGurrin, who is prominently known in Grand 
Rapids and throughout the state. Four daughters have been born to this 
union namelv: Marv Clarissa, Helen Alphonsa, Gertrude Philomena, 
and Catherine Harriet, all at present attending the University of Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania. 



17S0 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

Robert Daniel Tripp. If to be the founder of one's own fortune, 
to face seemingly insuperable difficulties, and by untiring perseverance 
make a name widely known and respected, be to hold an honored record, 
then Robert Daniel Tripp is worthy of a foremost place on the roll of 
men who have helped to build up the city of Petoskey. A native son of 
this place, although he is still a young man, his career has been one of 
striking accomplishments in varied fields of endeavor, and his versatility 
has been shown by his connection with widely diverging vocations. 

Robert Daniel Tripp was born at Petoskey, Michigan, February 6, 
1878, and is a son of Daniel and Mary (Gorden) Tripp, residents of this 
city. His father, a native of Canada, was in his early life widely known 
as a soldier of fortune who passed through numerous exciting experi- 
ences in the earlv davs of the Far West, being a chum, associate and 
friend of Col. William F. Cody ("Bufifalo Bill"). During the Civil War 
he enlisted in the Eleventh Kansas Cavalry, and took a conspicuous part 
in the activities of that famous organization, also being active 
in the capture of manv desperadoes and bushwhackers during the days 
of the black-hearted Ouantrell and the James boys. Mr. Tripp wooed 
and won his bride, a native of ^lississippi. while on his campaign in that 
state, and at the close of the war came to Midland, Michigan, and settled 
on wild land, hewing a farm out of the woods. There he resided until 
the year 1876, when he sold out and moved to Bear Creek township, 
Emmet county, Michigan, securing another farm, which he homesteaded, 
and which was also improved into a valuable property. Mr. Tripp re- 
tired from farming and in 1904 moved to Petoskej' here becoming a 
member of the police force. ^Slr. Tripp is a Mason, in which he has at- 
tained to the Knight Templar degree, and is a Republican in his political 
views. He and his wife have been the parents of ten children, as follows: 
]\Iarion, who met an accidental death at the age of seventeen years, being 
drowned in Traverse Bay ; Willard, who was fifteen years old when ac- 
cidentally killed by a lumber pile falling on him ; Henry and Bartlett, 
who both died in childhood; a daughter, who died in infancy; Albert, 
who was last heard from seven years ago when at Alabatt, in the Philip- 
pine Islands, a soldier during the Philippine insurrection in the com- 
mand of Gen. Fred Funston ; Robert Daniel : Ralph Ray, who is a resi- 
dent of Toledo, C)hio; Orrell, who is the wife of Samuel Dodge and re- 
sides at Bay Shore, Michigan ; and Effie, who is the wife of George Brill, 
of \\'alloon Lake, Michigan. 

Robert Daniel Tripp was ten years of age when he left school to 
accept a position in the handle works (Brown's) at Petoskey, and sub- 
sequentlv worked on farms until learning the trade of cooper. For a time 
he was emploved at the heading mills at Bay Shore, and then spent a year 
as a sailor, in the meantime working in the lumber woods during the 
winter months. Realizing the need of further education, on every op- 
portunity he applied himself faithfully to his studies, chief among which 
was mathematics, in which he became very proficient. At the outbreak 
of the Spanish-American War, Mr. Tripp enlisted in the Thirty-fifth 
Regiment, ^^lichigan \'olunteer Infantry, continuing to serve therewith 
until the close of hostilities, when he returned to his home. Three months 
later, when President .^IcKinley declared war upon the Philippines, he 
went to Chicago and enlisted in the Thirtieth United States Volunteer 
Infantrv, and went to the islands and engaged in various battles and skir- 
mishes.' seeing a great deal of active service. On his return to ^Michigan. 
Mr. Tripp began a course in civil engineering and mathematics and 
eventually secured a position as assistant engineer under Fred \\'illiams, 
\vith whom he worked during 1901-5, learning every detail of this pro- 
fession. In 1906 Mr. Tripp was appointed city engineer of Petoskey, 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1781 

by Mayor. George Raycraft, a position which he has continued to hold to 
the present time, witli the exception of one year, and during a part of that 
time devoted himself to the building of three miles of stone road as one 
of the contractors. \Vhen his contract was completed, Mr. Tripp went 
to Florida and was engaged for some time in surveying in Orange and 
Seminole counties, and upon his return was again appointed city engineer 
and resumed his duties as such. Mr. Tripp has thoroughly mastered the 
details and practical application of the Storm sewer system, extending to 
sanitary sewering and water works, and during his incumbency of his 
present office has built the greater part of the streets in the business por- 
tion of the city, of asphaltic concrete, without the aid of a consulting 
engineer. A septic tank project is now under way, under Mr. Tripp's 
supervision, and will be completed in 1914, at a cost of several thousand 
dollars. An active Democrat in his political views, Mr. Tripp has long 
taken an active interest in public affairs, and in 1906 his popularity was 
demonstrated when he was elected county surveyor, the first Democrat 
in eighteen years to hold a county office in Emmet county Fraternally, 
Mr. Tripp has been active as a member of the Knights of Pythias and the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, in both of which orders he has 
numerous friends. Mr. Tripp has been the architect of his own fortunes, 
and as one of his community's self-educated, self-made men is entitled to 
the high esteem and respect in which he is universally held by the people 
of the communities in which his labors have been prosecuted and his 
successes accomplished. 

On August 16, 1905, Mr. Tripp was married at the home of the 
bride, in Bear Creek township, Emmet county, to Miss Minnie Bohm, a 
native of Saginaw, Michigan, and a daughter of Karl and Sophia Bohm, 
and to this union there have come two children, Ruth, born December 15, 
1909. Mrs. Tripp is a devoted member of the German Lutheran church. 
The family resides in a pleasant home at Petoskey, where their many 
friends are frequently entertained. 

John Taylor Nichols. This prominent lawyer of Detroit, where 
he has been active in his profession, and also as a business man for the 
last twenty years, is a representative in the third generation of the Nichols 
family, which has probably contributed more to the development of 
manufacturing and industry in the state of Michigan than any other 
individual family group. The grandfather of Mr. Nichols, the lawyer, 
was John Nichols, one of the founders and for many years president of 
Nichols & Shepard Company, of Battle Creek manufacturers. His 
father is Hon. Edwin C. Nichols, who still has a guiding hand in the 
industrial fortunes of the city of Battle Creek and is president of the 
Nichols and Shepard Company. Mr. John T. Nichols himself has an 
executive position as vice president in the great company founded by 
his father, and developed largely by its members. In a history of the 
notable personalities of the State of Michigan, there is an obvious pro- 
prietv in giving space to the record of the \arious members of the 
Nichols famil^^ 

The late John Nichols, the pioneer of the name in ^Michigan, was born 
at Liverpool", Onondaga county, New York, January i, 1814, cameto 
Michigan territory in 1835, and after a long and remarkable career died 
at his home in Battle Creek, April 15, 1891. John Nichols was one of the 
remarkable men of the last century. His work was largely created, and 
his industry and character became the foundation on which rests the 
material prosperitv of one of Alichigan's larger cities. Personally he was 
a man of untiring industry, great executive capacity, indomitable energy 
and perseverence, and never faltered before the untried obstacles that 



1782 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

barred his way. Business sagacity was less an element in his success than 
solid ability to do and direct others in doing. 

His parents, Eliakini and Sally Nichols were early settlers of western 
New York. It was in practically a pioneer community that John Nichols 
spent his youth, and had only limited schooling in the modern sense. 
When thirteen years old he began figuring his own fortune, and at Pal- 
myra became an apprentice to the moulder's and iron foundry trade. This 
trade became the basis for his subsequent career. In 1834 at the age of 
twenty, he married Miss Nancy C. Galloway. They had an unusually 
long and happy wedded life, which was prolonged beyond their golden 
wedding anniversary, until the death of Mrs. Nichols, December 26, 
1892. 

In 1835 John Nichols brought his young wife to the territory of 
Michigan, the settlement of which was only begun in most of the south- 
ern counties. After one year in Lenawee county he found work in the 
machine shops then maintained by the state of Michigan, which was con- 
structing the Michigan Central Railroad. In 1848, he went west and 
located at Battle Creek, which thereafter was his home, and was the seat 
of his larger enterprise. He was first engaged in the manufacture of 
stoves, plows and other farm implements and iron castings. To his plant 
were afterwards added facilities for making engines, saw mill and grist 
mill machinery. In 1850 he crossed the plains into California, but after 
a brief residence tiiere returned, and formed a partnership with David 
Shepard, thus beginning the firm name which has continued for more 
than sixty years, and now has an international reputation wherever 
agriculture flourishes. 

Their earliest output was one of the crude types of grain threshers in 
use during the decade of the fifties. They made a good machine, how- 
ever, and they invented great improvements which soon made it the lead- 
ing threshing machine of its day and generation. Their business ever 
since has kept abreast of the inventions and facilities of each succeeding 
decade. It was largely owing to the genius and practical business talent 
of Mr. Nichols that the product acquired its popularity, and in a few 
years the first shop was unable to fill the orders for the "Vibrator" thresh- 
ing machine as it was called. In 1870 a stock company was organized, 
and extensive works were built on the east side of Battle Creek, at the 
place now called Nichols Station. The late John Nichols was not only 
a great industrial captain, but he also possessed a generous public spirit 
and interest in the welfare of his fellow men. He was the first to under- 
take the building of homes for workingmen, and he did much to make 
the lives of his employes more comfortable. The Nichols Memorial 
Hospital in Battle Creek is a monument to his substantial interest in his 
community. In politics he was first a Whig and afterwards equally loyal 
to the Republican principles. He never sought office and was quite 
content to do his dutv through the avenues of private citizenship. A 
great lover of forest and streams, he was an eager sportsman, and for 
many years it was his delight to take a party of invited friends into the 
wilds of the north and west during the autumn hunting season. For for- 
ty-four successive years did he follow this most interesting habit, and the 
"Vibrator" hunting party, of which he was the host and directing spirit, 
with its multitude of people, its pack of hounds and the camp equipage 
and supplies for entertaining most royally his friends and the passers-by 
for many week, was one of the notable events of each season. Many 
scores of men in Michigan and elsewhere will recall with interest and 
pleasure his generous hospitality. 

The late John Nichols was the father of three children. His daugh- 
ter, ;\Irs. Helen N. Caldwell, died March 8, 1903, and a younger daugh- 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1783 

ter, Alary Elizabeth Nichols, died in 1854. His only son and surviving 
cRild is Hon. Edwin C. Nichols. 

Edwin C. Nichols, both during his father's lifetime and since, has 
been one of the vital forces in the progress of Battle Creek and the State 
of Alichigan. He was born in Lenawee county, at the town of Clinton, 
July 20, 1838, only about one year after .^Michigan became a state. Edu- 
cated in the schools of Battle Creek, he received his practical education 
for a career in the industry founded by his father. He started in at the 
bottom and learned every detail thoroughly. Air. Nichols has been iden- 
tified with the Nichols & Shepard Company, since 1857, and to him is 
due the credit for the later successful enlargement of tlie industry. The 
plant at Battle Creek as developed under his presidency now covers 
about forty acres of ground, gives employment to five or six hundred 
skilled workmen, and its product in threshing machines finds a market 
in all parts of the world. Mr. Nichols is also president of the Old Na- 
tional Bank of Battle Creek, and he is director of half a dozen or more 
large local industries and business enterprises of that city. 

In politics Edwin C. Nichols has done much for the Republican party 
in Michigan. He was a delegate to the constitutional convention. He 
has steadily refused all the larger political honors, such as nomination to 
congress and for governor, but has served his home city as mayor, as 
president of the school board, and was the first president of the board of 
public works of Battle Creek. Edwin C. Nichols is a Knights Templar 
Mason, is prominent in the club life of Battle Creek, and is also well 
known in Detroit, where he has membership in the Detroit Club, the 
Detroit Country Club, and the Yondotega Club. He belongs to the 
old and exclusive Chicago Club of Chicago. While not a member of any 
particular church, he has always been liberal in his support of religion 
and benevolence. The Nichols Memorial Hospital at Battle Creek is an 
institution in which he is much interested, and he has done much to sup- 
port and maintain this hospital. Battle Creek both in its past and present 
attainments owes much to the broad capacity and ability of Mr. Nichols. 

Edwin C. Nichols in i860 married Sarah J. Rowan of Argyle, New 
Y'ork. She was a daughter of James Hvatt and at her death in 1897 she 
left three children. These are Mrs. Helen N. Newberry of Chicago, 
Illinois; Mrs. Harriet Atterbury of Detroit: and John T. Nichols of 
Detroit. All the children were born and partly educated in Battle Creek. 
Both the daughters completed their education in a Seminarv for young 
ladies near Boston, Massachusetts. 

The only male representatives of the Nichols family in its third gener- 
ation in Michigan, John Taylor Nichols was born in Battle Creek on 
February 3, 1868. From the public schools of his native city he entered 
Cornell University, where he was graduated with the class of i88g in 
the literary department. In 1892 he was graduated LL. B. from the 
Harvard Law School, and in the same year was admitted to the bar of 
Calhoun county. Air. Nichols was admitted to practice in the Federal 
court, in 1894. 

His practice as a lawyer began in Battle Creek in the offices of Hul- 
l.iert & Aleetcham. After about a year, in 1893, he located in Detroit, and 
was connected with the firm of Russe! & Campbell until 1889. Since that 
year he has practiced alone. Mr. Nichols has membership in the Detroit 
and Alichigan Bar Associations. As already stated he is vice president of 
the Nichols and Shepard Company of Battle Creek and is a director in 
the Oak Belting Company of Detroit. 

Socially Mr. Nichols has membership in the Detroit Club, the Y'anto- 
dega Club, the Racquet Club, the Country Club, and the New Detroit 
Athletic Club. Mr. Nichols married Helen Beaudrier de Morat of Piiila- 



1784 HIST(3RY OF MICHIGAN 

delphia, the daughter of Oliver Beaudrier de Morat. They are the 
parents of the following cliildren, who are the fourth generation of the 
Nichols name in ilichigan : Helen Ikaudrier de Morat Nichols, and 
Joan Nichols. 

James J. Jones. After James J. Jones had completed his education 
in the schools of Genesee county, he took up a business career, and for 
the past fifteen years has enjoyed an increasing success as a merchant at 
Clio. 

Born at Arcade. New York, April 24. 1870, he is a son of Frederick 
and Amanda F. (Gleason) Jones. His mother, who was born in Rut- 
land, ^'ermont, was of Scotch-Irish stock. His father was born at 
Arcade, New York, of Holland-English stock and in the family there 
is a revolutionary ancestor, Daniel Bakeman, who after his service on 
the American side during the war of independence lived to the extreme 
age of one hundred and nine years, and is buried at Freedom in New 
^'ork State. The father brought his family west to Michigan, on April 
5, 1881, engaged in farming in Genesee county, and now lives on the old 
farmstead at Clio, aged seventy-one years. He also had a military record, 
having served with the State Troops of New York during the Civil war. 
The j)arents were married in Allegany county. New York, and the mother 
died in March, 1907, at Clio when sixty-one years of age. 

James J. Jones, who was the third of five children, was eleven years 
old when the family located in^ Genesee county, and finished his school- 
ing, which had been begim at Arcade Center, New York, at the district 
school, and later the high school at Clio. For several years he was a 
teacher, and on March 11, 1899,- established his present business, which 
from a small beginning he has developed and now carries a lafge stock 
of merchandise with a well established trade over a large community. 
He is also interested in small fruit farming, making a specialty of straw- 
berries, raspberries and peaches. His farm of eighty acres is one of the 
best in the township. He has also done his part in community affairs, and 
served as township clerk for four terms. His politics is Democratic. The 
township is normally Republican by two hundred majority. 

Mr. Jones affiliates with the Maccabees and is record keeper of the 
local tent. His church is the Methodist Episcopal. At Clio, on Sep- 
tember 16, 1896, he married Miss Rose Haven, a daughter of Ahira and 
Rosanna Haven, who were of an old family in this part of Michigan, 
and still live in Clio. To their marriage have been born the following 
children: Ralph \V. Jones, born in 1899, and now attending school; 
Paul Haven Jones, born June 14, 1903, and also in school ; Lois ^I. Jones, 
born June 31, 1910, and died in 191 1. Mr. Jones has always taken a 
lively interest in the religious and educational life of the village of Clio. 
He taught a Simday school class for nearly twenty years and he is at 
present a member of the Board of Education. 

Fr.xxk Elliott Tyler. President and director of the \Vashington 
Theatre Company of Bay City, a director and the largest stockholder in 
the Bav City Bank, a director in the Crapo Building Company, Mr. Tyler 
is one of the old and stanch business men of Bay City, where he has lived 
for over forty years, and where his scope of business and civic activities 
have been centered. In later years he has confined his attention chiefly 
to real estate, but there are a number of concerns which have contributed 
to the ])rosperity and substantial enterprise of Bay City with which his 
name has been identified. 

P'rank Elliott Tyler was born April 4, 1852, at Flushing, Michigan. 
His parents were Dr. Columbus V. and Marie (Harrick) Tyler. With 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1785 

a good home training and with an education practical but not ornamental, 
Mr. Tyler was nineteen years old when he and his parents came to Bay 
City. His first eniplo}-ment was two years as bookkeeper in the dry goods 
firm of iMunger & Company, and from that establishment he went into 
the Bay City Bank, with which solid institution he has been connected 
for forty years, first as bookkeeper, later as assistant cashier, and now in 
the relation which has been above stated. On leaving the clerical work 
with the bank Mr. Tyler engaged in the livery business. His enterprise 
was the nucleus for the Bay City Omnibus Company, on Saginaw street. 
He was one of the organizers of the company, and was its president until 
recent years. He was also on the board of managers of the Shearer 
Brothers Building Company. In business affairs he has always kept with 
the leaders of this community. 

As to his relations with the civic community in which he has lived 
for more than forty years, his part has always been that of a progressive 
and public-spirited citizen, but without a large amount of his time de- 
voted to office holding. He served as a member of the city council for a 
time after being elected in 1890, and was a member of the board of police 
commissioners and a director in the Elm Lawn Cemetery Company. 
Until 1896 he was a Democrat in politics, having been brought up in that 
political faith, but then changed and voted for President McKinley. His 
fraternal afliliations are chiefly with the Masonic order, and his connec- 
tions are with Joppa Lodge, No. 315, A. F. & A. M. ; Bay City Chapter, 
No. 136, R. A. M.; and the Scottish Rite bodies in Bay City and Detroit. 
He belongs to the Detroit Consistory and to the Moslem Temple of the 
Mystic Shrine at Detroit. He is also interested in the organization of the 
First Elks Club in Bay City, and belongs to the Bay City Club. 

In 1875 Mr. Tyler married Ella Fay, whose father, Hon. William L. 
Fay, was one of the first mayors of Bay City. To their marriage were 
born three children, one of whom is deceased. The eldest is L. Fay Tyler, 
and the daughter is Jessie Arvilla, wife of W. D. McX'ay, now deceased. 

L. Fay Tyler, a son of Frank E. Tyler, is one of the vigorous young 
business men of Bay City, and though not yet thirty has already taken a 
position in the business and civic community. He was born January i, 
1885, in Bay City, grew up and attended the public schools, and then en- 
tered the Detroit University, where he was graduated as a mechanical 
engineer in 1905. While a member of the University he was a leader in 
athletic s]iorts, and for two years was a member of the football and track 
teams. On leaving college Mr. Tyler spent four months abroad, and on 
returning to Bay City acted for a time as representative of the Overland 
& Northern Automobile Company. Later he became one of the organ- 
izers of the Pioneer Boat Pattern Company, and for three years was an 
active director in that concern. In 1914 he organized the Bay City Au- 
tomobile Tire & Repair Company, and they have the distribution of 
Firestone tires for northeastern Michigan, and they also have the largest 
and most complete repair shop north of Detroit. 

On the 20th of July, 1910, at Peoria, Illinois, Mr. Tyler married Miss 
Nina Harriet Kuhl. Her parents are Theodore and Harriet (Hurd) 
Kuhl, her father being president of the Block & Kuhl Dry Goods Com- 
pany, the largest dry goods company in Illinois outside of Chicago. Mr. 
Tyler has affiliations with the Phi Delta Kappa, in Michigan, and he is a 
director in the Crapo Building Company and is secretary of the Bay City 
Recreation Club. 

George DeWitt M.\son. In thirty-five years of active practice as an 
architect, George DeWitt Mason has acquired a position in his profes- 
sion in the State of Michigan, and his reputation is well known in many 



1786 HISTORY OF .MICHIGAN 

other sections of the United States. It is unnecessary to make any 
claims for his ability except as are expressed through his record of prac- 
tical achievements. It would be possible to draw up a long list of notable 
•Structures for which Mr. .Mason has drawn the plans and supervised the 
construction, but a few of the more prominent will indicate the character 
of his work and will show that he has been retained as architect on some 
of the best known buildings in the state of ^Michigan and the citv of 
Detroit. He planned and erected the Detroit Masonic Temple, the First 
Presbyterian Church, the Trinity Episcopal Church, the Detroit Opera 
House, the Hotel Pontchartrain, the Detroit Inre and Marine Insurance 
building, the Herman Kiefer Hospital, the office buildings of the Hiram 
^^■alker and Sons at WalkerAille. Canada, the L. \V. Bowen residence 
on Woodward avenue, and the .V. L. Stephens residence on Jefferson 
avenue. 

George DeW'itt ]\Iason was born in the city of Syracuse. New York, 
July 4, 1856, a son of James H. and Zada E. (Griffin) Mason. Both his 
father and mother were born in Syracuse, came to Detroit in 1870. and 
spent the rest of their days in that city. George D. Mason attended the 
public schools of Syracuse, where he lived during the first fourteen years 
of his life, and finished at Detroit, where he graduated from the Detroit 
high school in 1873. Beginning the study of architecture in the office 
of the late Henry T. Brush of Detroit, and being possessed of a special 
aptitude for the art he made rapid strides toward proficiency, and was 
soon doing independent work. In 1878 Mr. Mason formed a partnershii) 
W'ith Zachariah Rice, under the firm name of ^lason and Rice, which 
name continued until 1898. The partners dissolved in that year and Mr. 
Alason has since continued alone in his profession. 

He has membership in the Michigan Chapter of the .\merican Insti- 
tute of .•\rchitects, belongs to the Detroit Club, the Masonic Club and 
other social organizations. 

In 1882 he married Miss Ida \\'hitaker, a daughter of Captain Bvron 
\\"hitaker, now deceased, a former well known citizen of Detroit. ^Ir. 
and Mrs. ^lason have one daughter, Lillian, who married Hal. C. Smith 
at Detroit. 

J.^icon Raquet. a resident of Saginaw since the close of the Civil 
war and now retired from a long career as a brewer. Jacob Raquet de- 
serves honorable mention in any record of Saginaw's citizenship during 
the last half century. His individual prosperitv is bv no means the most 
important distinction of Mr. Raquet, for no other citizen has been more 
liberal handed in his benefactions and has been more ready to assist in 
movements for the advancement of the community along well defined 
lines of progress. 

Jacob Raquet was born in Lamprecht. Rhinepfalz, Bavaria, December 
13, 1844, a son of Henry and ^Margaret (Hofman) Raquet, his father 
having lieen a prominent business man in his native citv. There were 
four children born to Henry and Margaret Raqtiet, and all were edu- 
cated in Lamprecht. The children were two sons and two daughters, and 
both the sons came to -America. Peter Raquet was the oldest of the 
children; Catherine is the wife of Frederick Koelsth and lives in the old 
home at Lamprecht : Elizabeth is the wife of Daniel Koelsth, the sisters 
having married relatives, and she also lives at Lamprecht. Peter Raquet 
came to Saginaw in 1862. and Jacob came at the close of the Civil war, 
in 1866. In the following year the brothers organized what is known as 
the Raquet Brothers Brewery at Saginaw. That institution was con- 
ducted with glowing success by them until 1884, and Jacob continued 
therein until 1912, when he sold his interest and the business was reor- 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN . 1787 

ganized into \vliat is now known as the Star Brewing Company. They 
had an up-to-date business in every sense of the word, and their brew 
quicklv obtain a reputation beyond the local confines of Saginaw. The 
Star Brewery was one of the leading institutions of its kind in the quality 
of its output, and its beers are distributed throughout ^Michigan. Mr. 
Raquet was one of the organizers of the Michigan Paving Brick Com- 
pany, and served on its board of directors until 191 1. With firm faith 
in the future development and prosperity of Saginaw, his earnings have 
been steadily reinvested in local real estate, and he has not only been an 
investor, but has been active in improving all his property, and a large 
number of buildings might be noted in various parts of the city which 
were constructed by his capital. His large property interests represent 
a life time of hard work, energy and enterprise. Throughout his career 
he has enjoyed the confidence of local citizens, and counts among his per- 
sonal friends many of the most prominent men of Michigan. 

Mr. Raquet is a member of the German Lutheran church and also of 
several German societies. His beautiful home is at 118 North Second 
street. On April 14, 1873, occurred his marriage to Miss Emma Erni, 
who was born in Switzerland, a daughter of Jacob Erni, who for a long 
period of vears lived in Cleveland, Ohio, where he followed his vocation 
as watchmaker, a profession he had learned in Switzerland, which might 
be considered the home of watchmaking. Now deceased, he was one of 
the successful jewelers of Cleveland. To the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. 
Raquet were born six children ; three of whom are deceased, and the liv- 
ing are : John, Alice and Wanda. Mr. Raquet has made eight European 
trips, on three of which he was accompanied by his family. 

M.\x Heavenrich. Few merchants in Michigan have made a more 
noteworthy record of progress and enterprise than Max_ Heavenrich, 
whose name has been indentified with successful merchandising in Sagi- 
naw for the past thirty-five years. He and other members of the family 
came to this country 'practically without resources and without friends 
in the new world. Their ability and industry quickly found them useful 
places in mercantile circles, and for a long period of years ^lax Heaven- 
rich has enjoyed more than ample prosperity. With a high sense of the 
duties and obligations imposed by success and wealth, he has long ex- 
tended a liberal hand toward promoting the general prosperity of his 
home city and also to the performance of a great deal of individual 
charity and benevolence. The people of Saginaw gave him special credit 
for his work as a member of the Merchants and Manufacturers Associa- 
tion, of which he is a director, and since 1913 the president. This 
association some years ago successfully undertook the task of raising 
money in the locality and inducing other capital and industry to make 
Saginaw their home' Mr. Heavenrich was chairman of the committee 
of six members who raised two hundred thousand dollars in cash to bring 
factories to Saginaw, and the plan and scope of the undertaking were 
originated by him and his leadership was probably the most effective in- 
fluence in making it a success. ]\Ir. Heavenrich is also an active member 
of the Saginaw Board of Trade. 

Born November 28, 1845, at Bamberg, in Bavaria, Germany, he is a 
son of Abram and Sarah (Bru'ell) Himmelreich. After the sons came 
to America they translated their German name into an English _equiva- 
lent, and Heavenrich is in English what Himmelreich is in German. 
Abram Himmelreich, the father, was a merchant and a man of more 
than ordinary prominence in his native city of Bamberg, where all his 
years were spent. His wife also lived there until death. 

Of the nine children Max was the sixth. At the age of fourteen his 



1788 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

boyhood may be said to have to an end, and in the meantime he had ac- 
quired a general education in his native town. His two older brothers, 
Simon and Samuel, had already gone to America and succeeded in es- 
tablishing themselves in business at Detroit, and Leavenworth, Kansas. 
Max, at the age of fourteen, followed them. After a short visit in Detroit 
he left for Leavenworth, Kansas. The first practical experience of Max 
Heavenrich in America was gained under the supervision of his brother 
at Leavenworth, who left the business in his charge two years later. 
Then returning to Detroit and entering his brother's store, he remained 
until 1868. Then being twenty-one years of age, he started a mercantile 
career on his own account. His savings gave him some capital, and open- 
ing a stock of goods at St. Johns. Michigan, he quickly built up a repu- 
tation with his creditors and with the community, and from that time for- 
ward never had any difficulty in getting the goods he needed from the 
wholesalers, and his financial rating has been of the very best. For ten 
years St. Johns was his center of operation, and during that time he built 
up a very large enterprise. Selling out his interests at St. Johns, IMr. 
Heavenrich moved to Saginaw, in 1878, thirty-si.x years ago. There he 
was one of the organizers and a partner in an establishment' known as 
the Little Jake & Company, the firm being composed of Jacob Seligman, 
Max Heavenrich and Carl Heavenrich. In 1882 the Heavenrich brothers 
bought out the Seligman interests, and the firm then became Heavenrich 
Brothers & Company. They bought the block which is known today as 
the Heavenrich Block, and is one of the largest brick store buildings in 
Saginaw. It is three stories in height, has a frontage of ninety on both 
Franklin street and Genesee avenue, and stands as one of the most popu- 
lar shopping centers in the metropolis of northeast Michigan. In 1893 
the death of Carl Heavenrich removed one of the active members of the 
firm, and his brother Max bought his interests from his heirs. Max 
Heavenrich. since coming to Saginaw, has been the active head and presi- 
dent of the firm, Samuel Heavenrich is vice president, Max Ph. Heaven- 
rich is treasurer and general manager and Miss Pepi Heavenrich is 
secretary. The history of the firm has been one of continued success, and 
the store is the largest for the supplying of clothing and men's furnishing 
goods and men's and ladies' shoes in Saginaw. The sales force is steadily 
kept at about thirty-five people. Besides his activities in connection with 
the Merchants and Manufacturers Association in inducing industries to 
locate at Saginaw, Mr. Heavenrich has directed his means to another 
worthy and really benevolent cause, in the building of homes for work- 
ing jieople and extending every assistance, consistent with conservative 
business, to enable the buyers of such homes to eventually become owners 
and householders. Mr. Heavenrich is known throughout Saginaw for 
his charitable dis{X)sition and he has friends in all the walks of life. 

In 1883 he built a fine home for himself at 603 South Jei^'erson ave- 
nue. In the year 1873 Mr. Heavenrich married IMiss Esther Lilenthal, 
a daughter of Rabbi Max and Pepi (Netter) Lilenthal, of Cincinnati, 
Ohio. Their two children are Pepi Heavenrich, who is secretary of the 
large mercantile enterprise of which her father is president, and Max Ph., 
who is general manager of the store. Mr. Heavenrich has been a member 
of the Masonic order since 18(18, and has taken the degres of the York 
Rite and belongs to the Mystic Shrine. He is also affiliated with the 
Elks and with the East Saginaw and Country Clubs. He is a communi- 
cant of the Hebrew church and a director in the Jewish Orphan Asylum 
at Cleveland, Ohio. During recent years IVIr. Heavenrich has found the 
rigors of Michigan winters too severe for his health, and he and his wife 
usually spend those months in travel in the south. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1789 

John W. Smart. Vice president and general manager of the Michi- 
gan Drug Company, of Detroit, also known as Williams, Davis, Brooks 
and Hirchman's Sons, the largest and oldest concern in the wholesale 
drug trade in the state, Mr. Smart belongs to a family that is generously 
represented in the wholesale circles in Michigan and elsewhere, and is 
himself a splendid example of a successful man who has it in him to 
reach high places and accomplishes his ambition regardless of conditions 
surrounding his youth. Mr. Smart was at one time a "tally boy" in a 
lumber yard, also dusted off the bottles in a retail drug store, and by 
studying the business and showing his ability advanced to association with 
one of the leaders in the American drug trade. In the company of which 
he is now an executive member and director, the other important names 
are: James E. Davis, president; Alanson S. Brooks, treasurer; Maurice 
O. Williams, secretary; William H. Dodd, director; and Robert S. 
Forbes, superintendent. 

John Walter Smart was born in Port Huron, ^Michigan, August 20, 
1874, a son of Rev. James S. and Elmira (Carter) Smart, natives re- 
spectively of Maine and Ohio. Rev. Smart devoted his life to the min- 
istry of the Methodist church, became prominent in his conference, and 
served as pastor and presiding elder of many districts. For a long period 
of years he was agent for the Albion College of Michigan. His death 
occurred at the age of sixty-five years, and his wife passed away when 
sixty-two years of age, both being interred at Mount Clemens. Of their 
eight children one is deceased, and the family record is as follows: 
Frederick A. Smart, the oldest, is a prominent insurance man of Detroit; 
Mary S. is the wife of John W. Symons, a wholesale grocer of Saginaw; 
Nellie is the wife of George A. Skinner, of Mount Clemens, Michigan; 
James S. Smart is a retired member of the wholesale grocery house of 
Lee, Cady & Smart, the largest firm of its kind in the state, and he is now 
living in Santa Anna, California ; Minerva is the wife of Albert M. 
Miller, a lumber man of Bay City, :\Iichigan, and who also holds the office 
of postmaster of that city; Lilla Grace is the wife of Professor Borris 
Ganapol, of Detroit. 

John Walter Smart, after finishing his education in Flint, obtanied 
his "first position, as .clerk in a Flint drug store, a short time later ; the 
A. M. Miller Lumber Company employing him as tally boy, but at the 
age of eighteen he began his real career of progress when he came to 
Saginaw and found a place with the :\IcCausland Wholesale Grocery 
Company. Mr. James Smart, his older brother, was a member of that 
firm. Later this company was reorganized and became the Lee, Cady & 
Smart Wholesale Grocerv Company. In 1898 the company organized at 
Saginaw the Saginaw Valley Drug Company, dealing wholesale in drugs, 
and in 1899 John W. Smart became manager of the local busuiess. In 
1913 another" reorganization occurred, and out of several large constitu- 
ent drug companies resulted the present Michigan Drug Company, whose 
general offices are in Detroit and which is today the largest concern of 
its kind in Michigan, emploving in Detroit two hundred and fifty people. 

On November 25, 1902, 'Mr. Smart married :\Iiss Winifred U. Wood, 
of Lansing, a daughter of John L and Clara (Price) Wood. Their two 
children are: John W., Jr., aged nine, and Richard Carter, aged hv-e. 
Mr Smart occupies a pleasant home at 1997 West Grand Boulevard, De- 
troit, and he also has a pleasant summer cottage^ on Saginaw Bay, where 
the hot months are spent with his wife and family. 

J George Keebler. While Air. Keebler for the past ten years has 
been identified with the wholesale grocery trade in the city of Jackson, 
and is now one of the leading business men of the city, he is perhaps 

Vol. IV— 3 



1700 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

best remembered by most people for his long and efficient service in 
the city treasurer's office. JMr. Keebler was for tifteen years employed 
in that office, first as clerk, then as deputy, and then for six years as 
chief of the office. It is said that no more popular candidate ever ap- 
peared in Jackson for a public office than Mr. Keebler, who had two 
special distinctions, one being that he was the youngest man ever elected 
to the office of city treasurer, and the second that he obtained the largest 
majority ever paid a candidate for a local office. 

J. George Keebler was born on North Jackson Street, in the city 
of Jackson, May 25, i86g. His father, the late J. Fred Keebler. who 
died August 8, 1905, at the age of sixty-nine, was born in W'uertemberg, 
CScrmany, August 17, 1836. and was for more than forty years a resident of 
Jackson. He was a carpenter by trade, and for thirty-eight years was 
employed in one of the wood-working plants at Jackson. He was married 
October 15, 1864, to Wilhelmina Schweitzer. She, too, was born in Wuer- 
temberg, Germany, on November 8, 1844. She came to the United States 
with her parents, Christian Frederick and Barbara (Schuster) Schweitzer, 
March 7, 1855, and they settled at Canandaigua, New York. The mother 
slill lives in Jackson, being now sixty-nine years of age. J. George 
Keebler had two brothers and five sisters, of whom only three sisters are 
living, namely : Wilhelmina Barbara, the wife of Martin Braun, of 
Jackson; Sarah Louise, wife of B. J. Lowe, of Kalamazoo; and Mary, 
wife of L. H. Dabbert, of Saginaw. Gertrude M. married George Breit- 
meyer and both are now dead. She was born July 19, 1865, and died 
May 31, 1906. Christian F., bom August 27, 1867, died March 14, 1894. 
J. Frederick, born December 31, 1870, died January 5, 1871. Katharine 
Eva, born May 7, 1874, died March 3, 1896. 

Mr. Keebler has lived in Jackson all his life, grew up in the surround- 
ings of his home locality, on North Jackson Street, attended school for 
some vears until he had the practical fundamentals of education, but 
at the age of fifteen, in order that he might contribute something to the 
family welfare he left school and engaged as shipping clerk in the sash 
and blind factory of S. Heyser & Sons. It w-as in that factory where 
his father was employed for so many years. He made good use of his 
opportunities there, but was soon called to a broader field of work. On 
October i. 1888, he was appointed deputy city treasurer under E. F. 
Lowrey, and continued to serve as Mr. Lowrey's assistant for five years. 
T. W. Chapin, who succeeded Mr. Lowrey as city treasurer, retained 
the services of this capable assistant four years longer and on .-Vpril 
5, 1897, Mr. Keebler was elected treasurer as candidate of the Demo- 
cratic party. He was at that time twenty-seven years of age, and no 
younger man had ever been called to this important office. He led the 
ticket by a majority of eleven hundred and fifty votes. At the second 
election, on April 3, 1899, ^^^- Keebler received the majority of nine- 
teen hundred and eighty-seven votes, and in the annals of Jackson city 
government, no larger majorit\' has ever been given a candidate for ]3ublic 
office. Again on April i, 1901, Mr. Keebler was elected for a third 
term, and again led his ticket. His final time expired on May 5. 1903, 
and after six years of service in which he made his office a place for 
the orderly and efficient transaction of public business, he retired with 
the continued confidence and commendation of the great host of sup- 
porters and friends, who had steadily stood by him in all his public 
career. Since leaving the office in 1903 he has been a member of the 
wholesale grocery firm of Howard, Solon & Company. 

Mr. Keebler has been a stanch advocate of the Democratic party 
from the time he was able to cast his first vote, and since leaving the 
office of citv treasurer, has served four vears as chairman of the Demo- 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1791 

cratic City Committee, and four years as police commissioner. He is 
a member of the First Methodist Episcopal church of Jackson, is affil- 
iated with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Royal Ar- 
canum, the Jackson Schwaben Verein, the Jackson Chamber of Com- 
merce and the Jackson Country Club. 

On June 7, 1904, he married Miss Mary O'Rafferty, of Jackson. 
Mrs. Keebler was born in Detroit, October 3, 1879, a daughter of John 
O'Rafferty, who came to the United States from Ireland. 

Clarence L. Greilick. The initiative and constructive ability that 
augur for large and worthy achievement have been signally exemplified 
in the career of Mr. Greilick, who is one of the veritable captains of 
industry in Michigan and whose well ordered enterprise has contributed 
in great measure to the industrial and civic precedence of Traverse City, 
the beautiful metropolis and judicial center of Grand Traverse county. 
He is president of the Traverse City Chair Company and also of tiie 
J. E. Greilick Company, manufacturers of library tables, chair-frames, 
etc. These represent two of the leading industrial enterprises of this 
section of the state, and the two concerns give employment to a force 
of nearly 200 persons, the majority of whom are men and skilled artisans. 
The factories are essentially modern, the buildings being of substantial 
order and admirably equipped, the aggregate ground space utilized being 
more than ten acres. The plants are eligibly situated on Grand Traverse 
Bay and are directly accessible to the three railroads and boat lines en- 
tering Traverse City, so that the shipping facilities are excellent and 
adequate. Mr. Greilick has not only shown marked circumspection in 
the upbuilding of these important enterprises but has also stood exponent 
of high civic ideals and much public spirit, so that he naturally holds 
precedence as one of the representative men of affairs in his home city 
and county. 

Further interest attaches to the record of Mr. Greilick by reason 
of the fact that he was born in the city that is now his home and is a 
scion of an honored pioneer family of this part of the Wolverine State. 
He was born in Traverse City on the 14th of August, 1869, and is a 
son of Joseph E. and Nancy (Case) Greilick, the former of whom was 
born in Austria and the latter of whom was born in Gustavus, Ohio, 
her parents establishing their home in Benzonia, Michigan, at a very 
early dav. Joseph E. Greilick. a son of Godfrey Greilick, was a child 
at the time "of his parents' immigration to the United States, and the 
family disembarked in New York City on the nth of September. 1848. 
They remained in the national metropolis until 1854, when they came 
to Michigan and settled in the Grand Traverse region, the development 
of which had at that time been represented almost entirely in connection 
with the lumbering industry, as ]\Iichigan had been admitted to state- 
hood only about a decade previously. Godfrey Greilick became one of 
the pioneer lumbermen of this part of the state and continued to be 
identified with this branch of industrial enterprise until his death, his 
name meriting enduring place on the roll of the sterling pioneers of 
northwestern Michigan. As a youth Joseph E. Greilick learned the car- 
penter's trade, to which he continued to devote his attention for a num- 
ber of years, in connection with other industrial activities. In 1867 he 
engaged in the manufacturing of sash, doors and blinds, as well as doing 
general mill work of incidental order, and he was associated with the 
operation of one of the first planing mills in Traverse City, as an in- 
terested principal in the firm of Hannah, Lay & Company. In 1879 he 
purchased the interests of his associates and he thereafter conducted 
in an individual way a large and prosperous business until his death, 



1792 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

when well advanced in years, his wife surviving liini l)y several years. 
Among- the large contracts carried out by this honored citizen was the 
furnishing of all the mill work for the building of the Northern ]\Iichi- 
gan Asylum for the Insane, in Traverse City. He was one of the pro- 
gressive and influential citizens of Grand Traverse county during the 
long years of an essentially active and productive business career, and 
he did much to further the development and upbuilding of Traverse 
City, where he likewise manifested a lively interest in civic affairs. He 
was generous and charitable and was always ready to aid those in mis- 
fortune or distress, the while both he and his wife were zealous members 
of the Congregational church. Mr. Greilick was an uncompromising 
advocate of the principles of the Republican party and was long one 
of its influential representatives in Grand Traverse county. Of the 
seven children in the family, Clarence L., of this review, was the first- 
born ; Ernest W., is vice president of each the Traverse City Chair 
Company and the J. E. Greilick Company, the latter of which per- 
petuates the name of the honored father; Amy is the wife of Claire 
B. Curtis, of this city ; Frances is the wife of Albert J. Haviland, as- 
sistant cashier of the Traverse City State Bank; Arthur is a member of 
the United States Navy and is serving on the battleship "Tennessee'' ; 
Edna died in childhood, and Josephine, who still maintains her home 
in Traverse City, is aV the present time, 1914, a student in the Cincin- 
nati Conservatory of Music, in the city of Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Clarence Leroy Greilick is indebted to the public schools of Traverse 
City for his early educational training. At the age of eighteen years 
he became associated with the operation of his father's planing mill, 
and he learned the business in all its practical details, besides familiariz- 
ing himself with its administrative policies, his apprenticeship having been 
as thorough as would have been that of any youth not a son of the 
proprietor of the establishment. In 1908 Mr. Greilick effected the organ- 
ization of the Traverse City Chair Company, of which he became the 
executive head, and after the death of his father, in consonance with a 
wish shortly before expressed by the latter, he brought about the incor- 
poration of the J. E. Greilick Company, of which he has since been 
the president. He has shown marked ability and discrimination in the 
up1)uilding of these valuable industrial enterprises and both as a citizen 
and Inisiness man has well upheld the high prestige of the family name, 
which has been long and ]3rominently identified with the history of 
Traverse City. 

Mr. Greilick has shown especially deep interest in educational affairs 
in his home city, where he has served as a member of the board of 
education, in which body he has held membership on a number of the 
most important committees. His liberality and intrinsic public spirit 
were further shown through his loyal representation of the Second 
ward as a member of the first board of aldermen of his native city. 
His political allegiance is given to the Republican party, and in the 
Masonic fraternity he has received the chivalric degrees, as a memlier 
of the local commandery of Knights Templars, besides which he is affil- 
iated with the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, 
the Maccabees and the Elks. He supports the Asbury Methodist Epis- 
copal church of Traverse City, his wife being a zealous communicant 
of the same. 

In earlier years Mr. Greilick showed his appreciation of the unex- 
celled attractions of northern Michigan as a sportsman's paradise, by 
becoming an ardent fisherman and hunter of small game, and at the 
present time he finds his chief recreation in automobile tours. The 
beautiful family home, situated on Grand Traverse Bay, in the western 
division of the city, is know-n as a center of gracious hospitality. 




^y /Ccyt^A-^ ^7^;^^^^C^i-^:^^^^C__ 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1793 

In 1892, at Traverse City, was solemnized the marriage of Air. 
Greilick to Miss Anah McCool, who was born in the State of Indiana, 
and they have three children — J. Edwin, Agalia, and Leroy. 

KiRKE Lathrop. Secretary-treasurer of the Michigan United Rail- 
way Company, Kirke Lathrop has been identified with electric transporta- 
tion and other public facilities in Michigan for the past fourteen years. 
Mr. Lathrop represents an old American family of colonial stock, is a 
native of Detroit, and has a broad and diversified experience in affairs 
both in this country and abroad. 

Kirke Lathrop was born in Detroit, September 12, 1873. His father. 
Dr. Henry Kirke Lathrop, born in ^Michigan in 1849, was for many years 
engaged in the successful practice of dentistry in Detroit. He' was a 
graduate of a dental college at Cincinnati, C)hio, and has for many vears 
been regarded as one of the ablest men in his line in Detroit. Dr. Lath- 
rop's father was Henry Kirke Lathrop, Sr., who was born at West 
Springfield, Massachusetts. The latter was a son of Solomon Lathrop, 
who held the degree of Master of Arts from Yale College, and who es- 
tablished the family in Michigan in 1837, where he rose to the rank of 
one of the leading pioneer lawyers of the state. The ancestry is English. 
The Rev. John Lathrop, AI. A., came from England to America in 1634, 
and some representatives of the name were soldiers in the war of the 
Revolution and had also participated in the earlier colonial and Indians 
wars. Dr. Henry K. Lathrop married Miss Mary Woodward Gillett, 
a native of Torringford, Litchfield county, Connecticut. Her father, 
Rufus Woodward Gillett, was a prominent citizen of Detroit, vice presi- 
dent of the State Savings Bank and president of the Detroit Copper and 
Brass Rolling Mills, one of the early and important industrial enter- 
prises of the city. 

Kirke Lathrop was educated in the Detroit public schools and the 
University of Michigan, graduating B. L. in 1896. During the last 
year of his regular college work he studied law and continued in -the 
law department until 1897. His studies were interrupted in order that 
he might accept the diplomatic duties of vice-consul and acting consul 
for the United States Government at Hanover, Germany. His official 
duties kept him abroad until 1900, and in the meantime he had gained a 
broad knowledge of the German language and commerce and institu- 
tions, and his residence abroad was an admirable training for his busi- 
ness career. Since his return to Detroit in 1900 Mr. Lathrop has been 
identified chiefly with public utility corporations both in Detroit and 
Grand Rapids. Besides his office as secretary-treasurer of the Mich- 
igan United Railway Company, he has at different times been identified 
with other business aft'airs. 

Mr. Lathrop is a member of the American Historical Association, of 
the Society of the Sons of the American Revolution, the Society of 
Colonial Wars, and the Huguenot Society of New York City. He is 
also a member of the Detroit Club, the University Club, the Country 
Club, and the Lake St. Clair Hunting and Fishing Club, better known as 
the Old Club. At London, England, October 5, 1901, Mr. Lathrop mar- 
ried Miss Beatrice Elizabeth Proudlock, daughter of Alarmaduke Proud- 
lock, of Beresford House, Marten, Yorkshire, where the family is one 
of prominence and distinction. Mr. and Airs. Lathrop have two chil- 
dren : Beatrice Anne Gillett Lathrop, and Mary Woodward Lathrop. 

A-Iicii.xEr, C. CoYLE. Division superintendent of the Alichigan Cen- 
tral Railroad and superintendent of the Detroit & Charlevoi.x Railroad 
at Bay City, Air. Coyle has been in railway service since he was thirteen 



1794 IIISTURV Ui' MICHIGAN 

years old, has a splendid record of advancement from a position in the 
ranks, and belongs to a family of railroad men, his brothers occupying 
high positions in transportation circles. 

Michael Charles Coyle was born Marcli 24, 1853, at Angelica, New 
York-, a son of Bernard and Susan (Kilduti) Coyle, both of whom were 
natives of New York City. The father, who moved to Angelica in 1831, 
was one of the pioneer merchants of that town, and continued in busi- 
ness in Alleghany county up to the time of his death, in 1887, when 
sixty-nine years old. His wife died in 1867, and both were laid to rest 
in Scio, Alleghany county. The elder Coyle was prominent in county 
politics, and "for many years was identified with the militia organiza- 
tion. Until fifteen years before his death he was a Democrat, and 
thereafter equally strong as a worker in the Republican interests. There 
were eleven children, and six are deceased. Those living are mentioned 
as follows: Philip Coyle, who was prominent in railway service until 
1907, and has since been traffic manager of the St. Louis Business Men's 
Association in St. Louis, Missouri ; Michael C, who is the second in 
age of those still living; Hugh Coyle, superintendent of the Grand 
Trunk Railway, with residence at Belleville, Ontario: Bernard Coyle, who 
is general freight agent of the Wabash Railroad at St. Louis ; Margaret, 
wife of lohn Ragen of Corry. Pennsylvania; Susan, wife of James 
Keogh, of Rochester, New York. 

Michael C. Coyle grew up in Allegheny county, New York, attended 
the public schools' at Scio, and when thirteen years old became a mes- 
senger for the New York & Lake Erie Railroad. During his spare 
moments he learnei^ telegraphy, and in a short time was promoted to 
the responsibility of a key. From 1871 to 1873 he served as train dis- 
patcher for the Wabash, St. Louis c^ Pacific Railroad, with headquarters 
at Toledo, Ohio, and from that time forward through forty years his 
promotions have come at steady intervals until he is well known among 
the leading transportation managers in the country. From 1873 to 18S3 
he was train dispatcher for the Canadian Southern, located at Detroit. 
I'rom 1883 to 1888 he was dispatcher for the Michigan Central at 
Detroit, and from- the ist of April, 1888, until September i, 1894, was 
chief train master for that same line. Since December. 1898, Mr. Coyle 
has been division superintendent of the Michigan Central, with head- 
quarters at Bay City. On September i, 1910, the additional responsi- 
bility was given him as superintendent of the Detroit & Charlevoix 
Railroad. 

Mr. Coyle has membership in the Masonic lodge of Detroit, and 
is a member of the Episcopal church. In ])olitics he is a Progressive 
Democrat, and has hosts of friends not only in the railroad circles l)ut 
among business men throughout the state of Michigan. He is an en- 
thusiastic trout fisherman, and owns a fine summer cottage at Mullett 
Lake. His Bay City home is at 1701 Sixth Avenue, at the corner of 
Hampton Place. 

On May 30, 1878, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Coyle with 
Miss Georgeana Wallace, who was born in Northumberland couniw 
England, a daughter of James and Eliza (Rexby) Wallace. To their 
marriage have been born four children : Bernard Coyle. who is auditor 
for the St. Louis, Portland Company, at St. Louis, Missouri: Charles 
Covle, yardmaster for the Michigan Central at Saginaw ; Raymond, 
freight solicitor for the Michigan Central at Bay City ; and Grace Coyle, 
at home. 

H()\. JoTix Wir.i.TAM BAii.r.v. There is no more interesting figure 
in the puhJic life of Michigan than the ITon. John William Bailey, mayor 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1795 

of LSattle Creek, a leading legal practitioner and a resourceful and hard- 
fighting Democrat whose indomitable courage, aptitude for organiza- 
tion and innate principles and character to dictate and permit only 
legitimate and honorable courses of action have given him state-wide 
fame and on frequent occasions brought his name favorabl)' forward 
in connection with gubernatorial honors. During all the twenty-five 
years that he has kept in touch with political affairs of his native city, 
but more especially during the period from 1909 to the present, nothing 
of victory has come easy to him as it does to many less worthy. A 
member of a party that is in the minority in his city, success with him 
has been synonymous with struggle at every step of the way. Yet, even 
among those of opposing political beliefs he has won friends and ad- 
mirers, and the fact that he has never overlooked his supporters in his 
well-deserved victories and hard-earned successes has enabled him to 
encourage and retain his loyal and continually increasing following 
through any and all reverses. 

Mayor Bailey is a native of Battle Creek and has resided all his 
life in the comfortable home at No. 24 College Street. His father, 
Michael Bailey, was born in Ireland and came to the United States as 
a youth of fourteen years, settling in Battle Creek, where he met and 
married Catherine McCarthy, who had also been born on the Emerald 
isle. They commenced housekeeping on their wedding day in the 
family home on College Street, which Mr. Bailey had just built on two 
lots purchased from Judge Sands AlcCamly, one of the oldest pioneers 
of the city, who had taken up the land from the Government. For forty 
years Michael Bailey was in the employ of the Michigan Central Rail- 
road, during the greater part of which time he was yardmaster at Battle 
Creek. He died in this city August 9, 1889, while the mother passed 
away November 24, 1892. Their seven children are all still alive, as 
follows : Mary, who is the wife of Peter McLee, of Battle Creek ; John 
William, of this review ; Julia, who is a teacher of mathematics and Eng- 
lish in the Battle Creek high school ; George F., of Battle Creek ; Helen 
B., who is the widow of the late Edward L. Murphy, of Marshall, Michi- 
gan, and the mother of four daughters : Catherine, who was principal 
of the Maple Street school in Battle Creek for several years and foi 
three years principal of the United States Government schools at Ancon, 
Empire and Gorgona, Panama, Canal Zone, and who now teaches at 
Boise, Idaho ; and Anne, a graduate of the University of Michigan, Ann 
Arbor, who also taught in the high schools of Battle Creek, Duluth. 
Minnesota, and Toledo, Ohio, and is now a teacher in the Central high 
school, of Detroit, Michigan. All the children graduated from the Battle 
Creek high school. 

The youngest member and valedictorian of the class of 1876, of the 
Battle Creek public schools, John W. Bailey early displayed his willing- 
ness to take his place among the world's workers in a humble capacity 
and to work his own way upward through individual effort. He was 
offered and accepted a position with the Michigan Central Railroad, 
where his duties consisted of drawing wood with one horse and piling 
it on a stand for use in the old wood-burning engines of that day. Later 
his fidelity, energy and cheerful performance of duty won him promotion 
to a position in the warehouse of the company, and he subsef|uently rose 
to the position of foreman thereof. From that time his consecuti\e 
promotions carried him through the positions of baggageman, ticket- 
seller, cashier and chief clerk, and in 1883 he was appointed freight and 
ticket agent of the Battle Creek station, a position of some importance 
which he held until his appointment in 1896 to the oiifice of commercial 
agent of the Michigan Central lines at Toledo, Ohio, in which capacity 



1796 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

he had charge of tlie freight business of the company and its fast freight 
lines at that point as well as the traffic from the Oliio, Indiana and Illi- 
nois territory and all points south. During all this time, however, he 
continued to maintain his residence in Battle Creek. 

A predilection for the law, which he had always fostered, but which, 
until now, he had been unable to gratify, caused Mr. l!ailey to leave 
the railway service in 1899 and enter the I'niversity of ^Michigan, where 
he was graduated in 1902 from the law depariment with the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws. He at once formed a partnership with George \V. 
Alechem in the practice of his profession in Battle Creek, and this as.so- 
ciation continued until 1905. since which time Mr. Bailey has practiced 
alone. 

Mayor Bailey's connection with pulilic life began in 1889, when he 
was elected a member of the Battle Creek school board, and following 
this he was re-elected for two more terms of three years each, but re- 
signed during the last one when he went to Toledo in 1S96. When he 
was first elected mayor of the city, in 1890, he was the youngest chief 
executive the city has had before or since that time, and' on that occa- 
sion served one term. On his return to Battle Creek, after graduating 
with honor from the University of Michigan, a full-fledged corporation 
lawyer, he had decided to set aside politics for all time. He was unable, 
however, to withstand the continued and strenuous importunities of his 
own, the Democratic party, and his friends in the Republican party, 
and finally, in 1909. allowed himself to become the nominee of the 
Democratic party for the office of mayor. In spite of the fact that 
Battle Creek is overwhelmingly Republican, after one of the most hotly- 
contested campaigns the city has known, he was again sent to the 
mayoralty chair. 

Here a peculiar condition of things was found to exist. The council 
was wholly Republican and frankly antagonistic, and it was predicted 
alike by friend and foe that the new mayor could be but a figure-head 
in the management of the municipality. ]iIayor Bailey, however, while 
inheriting the usual Irish sympathy, responsiveness, humor and imagina- 
tion, also possessed the qualities of alertness and courage for which 
that race is noted, and was not long in asserting himself. "Having Ijeen 
elected mayor," he stated, "l intend to be mayor," and forthwith went 
about to prove it. From that moment forward, until the mayor had the 
reins of government well in hand, proceedings in municipal affairs were ' 
of a distinctly stormy character and attracted widespread interest all 
over the state. At that time the mayor whose term had not yet expired, 
Charles C. Green, a Republican, was in South America, and Alderman 
L. G. Nichols, president of the council, was acting mayor. Custom dic- 
tated that such a condition maintain for two weeks before Mr. Bailey 
should appear in the crowded council chamber and. in the midst of a 
great celebration, assume the mayoralty. Mayor Bailey's eagerness to 
be doing something, however, was shown in his precipitating himself 
into the mayor's office before the first meeting of the council, and his 
act of forcing a Republican, City Recorder Thorne, to swear him into 
office, was eminently characteristic of the man. The Republican alder- 
men, taken thoroughly by surprise and at a loss for a course to take, 
were compelled to allow iheniselves to be sworn in in the same manner, 
one by one, and the annual inaugural show was canceled. 

In his determination to gather about him strong, reliable and prac- 
tical men to assist him in advancing the efficiencv of the city service. 
Mayor Bailey appointed Dr. Eugene Miller, a Democrat, to the office 
of health officer, but the latter was immediately rejected bv the Repub- 
lican council, and Mr. Bailey subsequently named Dr. A. S. Kimball, a 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1797 

Republican, who at that time was in Europe, studying medicine. Doctor 
Kimball was accepted by the aldermen, and the chief executive imme- 
diately named Doctor ]\liller as "temporary" health officer, thus gaining 
his first point. His next appointment was Elza Shoup for street com- 
missioner, but this Democrat was also rejected by the council, the alder- 
men advising that Charles Caldwell, chairman of the Republican city 
committee, be retained in that office. This Mr. Caldwell did until he 
found that without the mayor's signature he could not collect his salary, 
nor the wages for the men he hired, and when the mayor preferred 
charges of graft against him and started to prove them, Mr. Caldwell 
resigned under fire. The mayor at once appointed Mr. Shoup to fill 
the vacancy, an appointment which did not require the council's con- 
firmation. 

Further complications were not long in coming. In the election of 
Mayor Bailey a Republican alderman, F. H. Starkey, had played a 
leading part. Air. Starkey had desired the Republican nomination for 
the mayoralty and had been defeated by Mr. Jacobs, who at the election 
was in turn beaten by Mr. Bailey. For some time ^^Ir. Starkey was the 
new mayor's only support, but subsequently, when he tried to dictate 
to Mr. Bailey, their friendship was broken and !Mr. Starkey assumed 
the position of "opposition leader." Numerous encounters ensued, and 
eventually one evening in the council chamber, when Mr. Starkey be- 
came particularly pugnacious, the mayor ordered his removal. Police 
Captain McCarthy obeyed the order, and when Air. Starkey again en- 
tered the council room he was cowed to some extent, but once again 
became ofifensive in remarks and manner, and the mayor instructed 
Chief of Police Farrington, a Republican, to eject the alderman. On 
the chief's refusal to obey instructions lie was at once suspended for 
ten days, whereupon the police commissioners, whose co-operation the 
mayor had not bothered to enlist, became angry and began to make 
threats, none of which materialized, however. Chief Farrington re- 
mained suspended for ten days, and upon his return assured the mayor 
that in the future his orders would be promptly obeyed. Mr. Starkey 
started proceedings for Sio.ooo damages against the mayor and Captain 
McCarthy, but the suit was ridiculed by the general public and was 
finally dismissed. 

Some of the most bitter opposition to Air. Bailey, both during his 
campaign and after his election, came from the Battle Creek Journal, 
hut the mayor capably replied to its attacks in his message to the council 
and forced the newspaper to print his replies under its contract to print 
the council proceedings. As a result of Mr. Bailey's attack upon the 
Journal, in his message, that paper at one time had libel suits against 
him aggregating $100,000, all of which were gladly dismissed when the 
mayor declared he would prove the truth of his statements. 

Throughout his administration the mayor was forced to meet and 
overcome attacks and opposition in every form, but in every instance 
proved himself equal to the occasion. He did not dare to leave the city 
for fear a council meeting would be held without him, and for this 
reason was unable to accept invitations to banquets outside of the city, 
including one held at Detroit by the Democrats of Wayne county, in 
which he was to share the platform with ex-Governor Folk and other 
notables of the party. From the first to the last, however, he carried 
out the promises made by him, and his record in office is one worthy 
of the man and his nature. Among his achievements may be men- 
tioned the liquidation of $65,000 overdraft and overdrawn accounts ; 
the raising of the wages of all men and teams : the building of more 
' sidewalks ; the putting in of more pavements, the building of more sewers 



1798 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

and the laying of more water pipe tlian in any previous two years in the 
history of the city. The tax rate was not increased, yet in spite of this 
at the end of two years there was in the; city treasury $87,000 cash, a 
larg-er sum than the combined total amount left by outgoing mayors 
during the previous twenty years. Such a record speaks for itself. Mr. 
Bailey thoroughly impressed upon the people of ilattle Creek that he 
was mayor, and his reputation spread so rajjidly throughout the state 
that he would have undoubtedly been the choice of the Michigan Democ- 
racy for the governorship of the stata in 1912 had he consented to the 
use of his name. For business reasons, however, he has steadfastly 
declined to become a candidate for that high office. 

In 191 1 Mayor Bailey was elected a member of the commission to 
revise the charter of his native city. The commission, at its first meet- 
ing, elected him its chairman, and the charter was written and adopted 
at the spring election of 1913. At the same election Mr. Ilailey was 
again re-elected mayor of the city and although liattle Creek was strongly 
Republican he only lacked nine votes of having a majority over all 
three opposing candidates, he having been opposed by a straight Repub- 
lican, a Progressive and a Socialist. The result of this election showed 
the mayor's popularity to be so great that at the charter election, one 
month later, he had no opposition, and accordingly for the fourth time 
became mayor of his native city. Under Mayor liailey's administratitni. 
the commission form of government has been inaugurated and has been 
successfully carried forward during the past year. .As was freely pre- 
dicted by Battle Creek citizens, the mayor at once became the strongest 
and dominant figure in the commission, and has continued to handle all 
matters with the care and good judgment which have always character- 
ized his each and every service and which so w'cll please the great ma- 
joritv of the people of the city in which he has spent his life. 

Mayor Bailey has always resided in the family home on College 
Street. Should he so choose, he could have a more pretentious dwelling, 
but it has been his pleasure to live in the same (|uiet, unostentatious 
manner that characterized the lives of his revered jjarents. His ofifices. 
at Suite No. 309 Ward Building, are the finest in the city. Mayor 
Bailey is prominent in club life, having been third president of the 
Athelstan Club, an office he held five years. During his incumbency 
of that ofifice the .Athelstan and Nepenthe Clubs were consolidated into 
a larger and stronger organization. He also holds membership in the 
Country Club, and in the line of his calling is connected with the County 
and State Bar Associations. His career in every respect has been one 
of noteworthv accomplishment, and as he is still in the vigor and full- 
ness of life he should fulfill his many friends' predictions that he will 
go much further and higher. 

Mavor Bailey was married July 14, 1910. to Miss Billian May Cobb, 
whii. like her husband has spent her whole life in Battle Creek, where 
she is widely known, a daughter of M. W. and Fva May Cobb. On 
June 6, 1912, was born an eight-pound son, John William. Jr., a strong 
healthy lad, whose career, if he follows the wishes of his jjarents, will 
be spent in the legal profession. On March 5, 1914. the mayor and 
Mrs. Bailey were blessed with another eight-pound boy, William Van 
Antwerp, who, his proud parents insist, is the e(|ual of John in every 
particular, and with whom, they predict, will form a pair hard to beat 
when thcv stand together in future years. 

Hox. C.\ssius L. CiL.Nsr.ow. The name of Cassius L. Glasgow has 
been associated with the business and official interests of Michigan for 
more than thirtv vears, and during this time his achievements in the 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1799 

commercial world and the important positions of trust which he has 
tilled have been such as to place him among the front rank of those who 
have succeeded in establishing and maintaining a high standard of busi- 
ness ethics. 

Mr. Glasgow was born on his father's farm in Allen township, near 
Jonesville, Hillsdale county, Michigan, February i6, 1859, and is a son 
of William and Eliza (Glasgow) Glasgow, natives respectively of Scot- 
land and Ireland. The two families, although bearing the same name, 
were not related. The parents came to America about the same time, 
and were here married. The two years following his arrival in the United 
States were passed by the father in a large packing house in New York 
City, and succeeding this he was for two years general manager of a 
farm operated by a contractor in connection with the state prison, at 
Albany. He came to Michigan and settled in Hillsdale county at a time 
when that part of the state was still undeveloped, and, there being no 
railroads this side of Toledo, he walked through from the Ohio city to 
his new home. Here for a number of years Mr. Glasgow was engaged 
in farming, and through a life of industry and energetic efifort succeeded 
in the accumulation of a valuable farm in Allen township, upon which 
both he and his wife passed the remaining years of their lives. 

Cassius L. Glasgow was given good educational advantages in his 
youth, attending the district schools of Allen township, the Jonesville 
Union school and Hillsdale College, and remained on the home farm until 
embarking upon a career of his own as a clerk in a hardware store at 
Jonesville. Like many young men of his day, he was seized with a desire 
to view the western country, and after traveling to various points located 
at Sioux City, Iowa, where he entered a wholesale hardware store as 
assistant bookkeeper and billing clerk. One year later the serious illness 
of his mother caused him to return to his home, and being the youngest 
and only unmarried member of the family he was prevailed upon to re- 
main in' Michigan. Mr. Glasgow came to Nashville in 1881, and here 
purchased the hardware business of C. C. Wolcott, to the operation of 
which he has since devoted a large part of his attention, building up one 
of the leading enterprises of its kind in this part of the state. A furni- 
ture business was added to this venture in 1896, which has also proven a 
decided success, and the concern now handles a full line of hardware, 
furniture and farming implements. A man of the strictest integrity, Mr. 
Glasgow has established an enviable reputation for honorable and 
straightforward dealing, which has caused him to be held in high favor 
by his fellow-business men in all parts of the state. Some years ago, the 
implement dealers of Michigan formed as an association, but the affairs 
of this organization were poorly handled, and two or three years later it 
was dissolved. About 1904 a new association was formed at Lansing, 
and at its inception Mr. Glasgow was honored by election to the presi- 
dency, being re-elected to that office for two successive terms thereafter 
and serving in the directing capacity for three years. He has been a 
director ever since, and during all this time has served as chairman of 
the legislative committee. Various other honors have come to him be- 
cause of his known honesty and administrative and executive jiowers. 
In 1908 he was elected president of the National Federation of Retail 
Implement and Vehicle Dealers, and was re-elected for a second term, 
the first time in the history of this "Supreme Court" of all the state or- 
ganizations, although the policy has since been followed. The National 
Federation does effective work in the settlement of disputes between deal- 
ers and manufacturers, as to prices, terms, discounts, territory and war- 
ranties, and although it does not attempt to regulate prices, demands that 
they be uniform to all dealers. It was this organization which insisted 



1H£ NiW HORK 
till HI \n T T iil» I » V 



ISOO HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

that carriage manufacturers sliould not discontinue warranties on wagons 
and other vehicles, although the National Association of Vehicle Manu- 
facturers had so decided. 

Reared in a Republican atmosphere, Mr. Glasgow has always been an 
enthusiastic and active worker in the ranks of his party. His disinterest- 
edness is known to all political workers, and he has never been a seeker 
for personal preferment. He twice served as president of his village, 
once by appointment and once by election, without an opposing candidate, 
and at the senatorial convention, held in the fall of 1902, he was unani- 
mously chosen by the delegates as candidate for the office of senator of 
the Fifteenth Senatorial District, comprising the counties of Barry and 
Eaton. On the floor and in the conuuittee rooms, his record was such 
that he was unanimously nominated two years later to succeed himself 
for a second term. There his high abilities, both as a statesman and an 
orator won him the presidency of the senate, an office in which he won 
the approbation of every member of that distinguished body. The fol- 
lowing is taken from the Michigan Tradesman, of June 3. IQ14: "Prior 
to 1907 the office of State Railway Commissioner had always been held 
bv a man who was sim[)lv a creature of the railroads, which contributed 
a fixed sum to the campaign expenses of a candidate for Governor with 
the distinct understanding that they would be permitted to name the 
Railway Commissioner. The first time Governor Warner was a candi- 
date, he submitted to this dictation ; but in his second campaign he broke 
awav from this long-established custom and kept himself free from the 
domination of the railroads. For some years prior to this time the 
business men of the State had gradually come to the conclusion that the 
public had rights which should be considered as well as the railways. 
This agitation found expression in a popular campaign in behalf of the 
appointment of Mr. Glasgow, who was universally conceded to be the 
best qualified man in Michigan to deal with both sides at issue fairly 
and dispassionately. ]\Ir. Glasgow was appointed by Governor Warner 
January 15, 1907, and soon came to be regarded as an acknowledged 
authority on transportation matters. When Governor Osborn was elected 
he paid him the highest possible compliment he could confer by sending 
for him and saying: 'The courts have stated that interim appointments 
must be confirmed and I want you to know that you are the only interim 
appointment of my predecessor that I desire shall remain and to that end 
I am going to appoint you to your position and make sure of it.' He 
has, therefore, during his term been appointed three times and by two 
Governors, whether necessary or not. He assisted in drafting the bill 
creating the Railroad Commission some time later. He was chairman of 
the Commission during the six years following and during the entire time 
the work of the Commission was getting started and while the Legislature 
from session to session added to the work of the Commission, by giving it 
jurisdiction over express, water power, electric light, telephone companies 
and over the issuance of stocks and bonds. The election of our present 
Governor made the Commission, by the appointment of new members, 
Democratic, when he resigned the chairmanship in favor of Mr. Hemans. 
Mr. Glasgow was urged to enter the Congressional race in his district 
two vears ago, and again this year, but refused to permit his name to be 
used cither time. The pressure may ultimately become so strong that he 
will have to yield. If he ever does, his friends will see to it that he is 
safely elected and all who know him are satisfied that he will make his 
mark in Congress." 

Air. Glasgow was married in 1S82, at Jonesville, to Aliss Matie C. 
Miller, who was born in Jersey City, New Jersey, and came to jMichigan 
with her parents, her father dying here, while her mother still survives. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1801 

Mr. Glasgow is a popular member of the local lodges of the ^Masons, 
Knights of Pythias and Maccabees, and has friends in every walk of life. 

Hon. Abraham T. Metcalf, D. D. S., was born February 26, 183 1, 
in W'hitestown, New York, and is a representative of a family that 
has been conspicuous in New England history from an early period 
in the seventeenth century. His ancestors were English dissenters 
who sought a home and religious liberty in the New World. The 
early education of Dr. Alctcalf was acquired in an academy in his 
native town, after which he entered upon an apprenticeship as a worker 
in slieet metal. He came with his father's family to Battle Creek, 
Michigan, in 1848, but remained only a few months and then returned 
to New York in order that he might take up the study of dentistry 
in Utica. After his preparation for the profession he began prac- 
tice, in which he was very successful, and continued in the east until 
1854, when he visited his father in Battle Creek. At the solici- 
tation of Governor Ransom, who desired his professional counsel, he 
went to Kalamazoo, Michigan, where he took up his abode in 1855. His 
patronage almost immediately reached extensive as well as profitable 
proportions, but close application to business and the climate proved 
detrimental to his health, and he was obliged to seek rest and recupera- 
tion. In 1S57 he went south to New Orleans, where he rapidly recov- 
ered, and then formed a partnership with D. A. P. Dostie, a dentist of 
that city. After Gen. Butler entered that city, Dr. Dostie was made 
collector of the port, and he was afterwards made a member of the 
Constitutional Convention, for his acts in which body he was shot down 
and killed on the streets of New Orleans. Dr. Metcalf spent the sum- 
mer months in Kalamazoo, but the winter seasons were spent in the 
south, where he continued until the outbreak of the Civil war. 

Dr. JMetcalf was a close and earnest student of the problems which 
aroused the interest of the country prior to the war, and his sympathy 
was with the Union cause, not hesitating to express his ideas as to the 
questions at stake. In the spring of 1861, soon after Louisiana had 
passed the ordinance of secession, the Doctor was imprisoned for treason 
against the state, and this was the first arrest made upon this charge in 
New Orleans. The affidavit solemnly stated that the good doctor had "ut- 
tered seditious language against the government, saying that, if he were 
in Lincoln's place, before a single state should be allowed to go out of 
the Union, he would burn the city of Charleston to the ground and 
drown the city of New Orleans with the water of the Mississippi river; 
and other incendary language." He was released from prison on the 
authority of the attorney general of the state. 

In his professional career Dr. Metcalf attained distinguished honor 
and success. He was instrumental in organizing the ^Michigan State 
Dental Association in 1855, and was the first secretary of that body 
and several times the president and later the historian. He secured 
from the Legislature the first appropriation for the dental department 
for the University of Michigan, a college that stands second to no dental 
college in the world. He was also mainly instrumental in securing the 
passage of the law creating a State Board of Examiners in dentistry and 
was the first president of the board and a member thereof for several 
years. Fie invented the dental engine and the first device of this kind 
ever made he placed on the market. He also invented the dentists' an- 
nealing lamp, which was invaluable to the profession previous to the 
introduction of adhesive gold foil. He was also the first to introduce 
.the preparation for filling teeth known as sponge gold, and with his 
brother invented the tinman's pattern sheet which is an indispensable 



1802 HISTORY (3F MICHIGAN 

guide to workers in sheet metal. In 1S72 the degree of Doctor of Dental 
Surgery was conferred upon him by the \e\v Orleans Dental College, 
and thus in the city in which he had once suffered imprisonment because 
of his loyalty to honest convictions, he was later honored by a leading 
collegiate institution. At the time of his removal to Rattle Creek, in 
iSijo, he retired from active jjractice and has since given his attention 
to real estate interests and to the management of several valuable estates. 
He has done considerable building and contributed largely to the devel- 
opment and improvement of liattle Creek. 

On June 25, 1857, Dr. Metcalf was married to -Miss Helen E. Xoble, 
daughter of Hon. Alonzo Xoble, one of the prominent pioneer settlers 
of this city. She was born in Milton township, \'ermont, March 27, 
1834, and was brought by her parents to I'attle Creek, }ilichigan, in 
1836, and here she acquired her early education, which was supple- 
mented by a course of study in the Ladies' Seminary, of Rochester, 
Xew York. Following her father's death, she and her husband came 
to Battle Creek to care for her mother. They had but one child. Alonzo 
T. Metcalf, who was a very bright boy, but died suddenly of rheumatic 
fever when but fourteen years of age. Mrs. Metcalf, because of her 
culture, refinement and kindly spirit, became a leader in social and 
church circles of Battle Creek. She was very prominent in the society 
of St. Thomas' Episcopal church, and her life was largely tilletl with 
generous deeds, it being noticeable that she rarely, if ever, spoke ill of 
others, always putting a most charitable construction on the motives 
of those with whom she associated. She died in Los Angeles, California, 
Februarv 2C1. 1898, and her remains were brought to Battle Creek for 
burial. As a tribute to her worth and beautiful womanly character, 
the various municipal offices of the city were closed on the day of her 
funeral from two until five o'clock. 

Dr. Metcalf is a member of the St. Thomas' Episcopal church, al- 
though for a numl)er of years he was a vestryman of St. John's church, 
of Kalamazoo, and after his removal to this city continued as vestry- 
man here, and is now senior warden emeritus of St. Thomas' church. 

In Masonic circles, Dr. Metcalf is recognized as a leader throughout 
^Michigan, and is the highest Mason in the United States at this time 
and has been since the death of Gen. Samuel C. Lawrence, of Boston, 
Massachusetts, who died during 191 1. Dr. Metcalf, who is now a mem- 
ber of the Supreme Council for the Northern Jurisdiction, was made a 
Master Mason, November 26, 1856, in Kalamazoo Lodge No. 22, F. (Jt 
A. M., and quickly advanced in the organization until 1861 he was 
made worshipful master. He was re-elected in 1862, in 1863 and again 
in 1869, and in 1887 was demitted with others from Kalamazoo Lodge 
for the purpose of reviving Anchor Lodge of Strict Observance No. 87, 
and in February. 1888, was made the first worshipful master under the 
restored charter. Soon after his removal to Battle Creek, a new lodge 
was formed and named in his honor, A. T. Metcalf Lodge, No. 419. 
of which lodge he became the first worshipful master. He was chosen 
junior grand warden of the Grand Lodge of Michigan, in January, i8fi2, 
and re-elected in 1863, and was elected right worthy grand warden in 
1864-65. He was elected deputy grand master in 1865, 1867 and in 
1868, and became grand master in 1869 and re-elected in 1870. He suc- 
ceeded to this office at a critical period in the history of the Michigan 
Grand Lodge. The many strong and determined acts whicji he performed 
during his first year to correct the loose habits into which some of the 
lodges of the state had fallen, aroused marked antagonism on the one 
hand and remarkable appreciation on the other, and his position and 
attitude were sustained hv the Grand Lodge in the face of all eft'orts 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1803 

to tlie contrary. In Capitular Masonry, he held several offices, having 
been elected high priest of Kalamazoo Chapter in i86i and again in 
1868. His identification with Chivalric Masonry began in i860, when 
he was made a Knight Templar in Peninsular Commandery No. 8, Kala- 
mazoo. He served as eminent commander in 1S68, 1869 and 1882, and 
in 1892 was demitted to Battle Creek Commandery, No. 32, K. T., and 
was elected commander of the latter about the same year. He is an 
officer of Zabud Council, R. & S. M., of Battle Creek, and has been an 
active representative of the Scottish Rite for many years. In 1866 he 
was elected commander in chief of DeWitt Clinton Consistory, and was 
re-elected each succeeding year up to and including 1870. He is now 
and has been for a number of years an active member of Supreme Coun- 
cil of Sovereign Grand Inspectors General for the Northern Masonic 
jurisdiction of the United States, and for si.x years was district deputy 
for Michigan. He has attained an honor accorded few representatives 
of the craft, that of being a thirty-third degree Mason. 

In politics Dr. Metcalf has held prominent positions. As a member 
of the Democrat party, he was elected to the board of trustees in Kala- 
mazoo, and was chosen president of that village by popular suffrage in 
1897. He represented the second district of Kalamazoo county in the 
State Legislature in 1875-76. After his removal to Battle Creek, he 
was elected mayor of the city in 1897, and many of his friends in lx)th 
parties consider him one of the best mayors the city ever had, his 
efforts being among progressive and practical lines, which would prove 
of the greatest good to the greatest number. A clean and well spent 
life has left him sound in body and mind at the age of eighty- two years, 
and much of his good health he attributes to out-of-door exercise, even 
the coldest days of winter finding him taking his long walks. His is a 
familiar figure on the streets of Battle Creek, where he is accorded the 
respect and esteem due those whose activities have served to advance 
their community's interests, and he is universally regarded as one of 
Battle Creek's foremost citizens. 

\ViLLi.\M T- Smith. It would he difficult to find, even were a search 
to be made throughout the length and breadth of Southern Micliigan, 
an individual whose personality has been more strongly impressed upon 
the financial and political interests of this section than has that of Wil- 
liam J. Smith, vice president of the Old National Bank, of Battle Creek. 
A man of firmness, force of character, indomitable energy and executive 
ability — potent agencies for advancement of men to important stations 
in life — his management of men and afifairs has won for him a reputa- 
tion that extends far beyond the limits of the state, while^ his connection 
with political affairs has been such as to win him a position of almost 
national importance in the ranks of the Republican party. Mr. Smith 
is a native of Michigan, born on his father's farm in Charleston town- 
ship, Kalamazoo county, October 26, 1865, and is a son of John and 
Katherine (Joyce) Smith. 

The Smith family is of German extraction, and was foinided in New 
England during the' early colonization of this country. From that sec- 
tion the family moved to New York, ,where, in Genesee county, John 
A. Smith was born. He came to Michigan in 1857, locating in Kalama- 
zoo county, where he resided until 1866, and in that year made removal 
to LeRoy' township, Calhoun county, the balance of his life being syient 
there and his death occurring March 29, 1891. Throughindustry, well- 
directed effort and straightforward dealing, he arose alike to material 
success and to a high place in the confiilence of his fellow-citizens, who 
frc(;uently elected him to positions of responsibility and trust in pul)lic 



1804 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

life. Mr. Smith married Katherine Joyce, who was also a native of 
Genesee county, New York, and a daughter of John Joyce, a soldier of 
the War of 1812, who was of Scotch-Irish origin, the family having 
come to America at an early day in the history of the country. i\Irs. 
Smith still survives her husband and continues to make her home on 
the old Calhoun county farm, a faithful member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church, to which her husband also belonged. 

William J. Smith was a child of one year when brought to Calhoun 
county, and here he was reared to agricultural pursuits and to habits 
of honesty, integrity and thrift. The public schools of West LeRoy 
furnished him with his preliminary educational training imtil he was 
fifteen years of age, at which time he enrolled as a student in the ISattle 
Creek high school, and after spending two years in that institution en- 
tered Albion College, where he took a course of three years. Following 
this he took a course in the Detroit Business University, and, thus well 
equipped for a business career, at the age of twenty-three years estab- 
lished the Exchange Bank, at Climax, Michigan, a business which he 
conducted successfully for a period of two years. At this time, however, 
his health failed, and he disposed of his interests and spent several 
months in recuperating in the South, but in the fall of 1890 returned 
to the North and assisted in the organization of the Farmers' and Me- 
chanics' Bank, of Smith, Cole & Company, a private banking institution 
of Battle Creek, of which he acted as cashier until the spring of 1898: 
In the meantime this enterprise had grown to be an important factor 
in the financial life of Battle Creek, carrying on a most extensive busi- 
ness and enjoying an unassailable reputation for reliability. The close 
confinement made necessary by his arduous duties, however, had once 
more undermined Mr. Smith's health, and he was obliged to lay aside 
all active business alTairs for a time. When the Farmers' and Mechanics' 
Bank was consolidated with the Old National Bank of Battle Creek, 
Mr. Smith was made a member of the board of directors, and in 1906 
he became vice president of this institution, a position which he has 
held most efficiently to the present time. Although not actively engaged 
in outside operations, he has various large manufacturing interests both 
here and elsewhere, and is the owner of considerable farming property, 
but regardless of his various interests he concentrates his energies on 
the affairs of the Old National Bank. 

For a few years Mr. Smith was a supporter of Democratic principles, 
but in 1896 he transferred his allegiance to the Republican party, and 
since that time has risen rapidly to an influential position in its councils. 
He has frec|uently been a delegate to conventions, but has never sought 
personal preferment, confining his activities to the directing end of po- 
litical life. His acquaintance among the leaders of the party through- 
out the country is extensive and confidential and during the past eight 
years he has been a prominent figure in national affairs. He made the 
first canvass in ^Michigan for ex-President Taft, and during 1912 was 
offered the management of the President's campaign in this state, but 
owing to the multiplicity of his business interests was forced to decline 
that iionor. When the President made his famous trip throughout the 
country, it had been originally planned that there were to be but three 
stops in Michigan, the itinerary inot including Battle Creek, but through 
Mr. Smith's influence the route was changed so as to include this city 
Hud smaller points in Michigan, the President speaking in Battle Creek 
Septeml)er 21, 191 1. Fraternally, Mr. Smith is connected with the 
Knights of the Maccabees and the Modern W'oodmen of America, and 
his social connections iticlude memliership in the .Xthelstan and Country 
Clubs and the Sigma Chi college fraternity. With his family, he attends 
the Congregational church. 




ic^tw^ ^V, lO a^^WV^^wv ..vw^ 






HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1805 

On November 5, i8(;o, Air. Smith was united in marriage with Miss 
Mary Lovell, daughter of Hon. L. \V. Lovell, of Climax, Michigan, and 
to this union there has come one son, Wendell Lovell, born November 
16, 1892, a graduate of the Battle Creek high school, class of 1910, and 
now a member of tlie University of Michigan, class of 1914, where he 
is completing a literary course. The home of the Smith family, at No. 
161 Maple street, which was erected by Mr. Smith, is located in one of 
the exclusive residence districts of the city, and is a center of culture 
and refinement. Mrs. Smith has been active in social and charitable 
work, and is one of the best known members of the Women's League. 

Probably there is no man in Michigan who has a wider acquaintance 
among bankers or men in public affairs throughout the country, or who 
is more highly esteemed by them, than is Mr. .Smith. He has been 
distinguished for his faithfulness and unselfish devotion to the interests 
of the banking institution with which he has been connected, but this 
is but characteristic of the man, for fidelity to trust and conscientious 
discharge of every duty have been part and parcel of his nature. His 
life, on the whole, has been a happy and fortunate one : he has the esteem 
of his acquaintances and the affection of his friends ; as much honor has 
been bestowed upon him as he has been willing to accept. Without 
being its slave, he has been diligent in business, which has prospered 
under his hand. ]Man can ask for no more. 

John W. Beaumoxt. During thirty years of active practice as a 
member of the Detroit bar John W. Beaumont has gained a position re- 
spected for his attainments and his many successes in his profession, and 
is now at the head of the well known firm of Beaumont, Smith & Harris. 

John W. Beaumont was born at Elizabeth, New Jersey, July 20, 1858, 
a son of Wallace and Margaret (Belshaw) Beaumont. Educated in the 
public schools of New Jersey and Michigan, in 1882 he graduated from 
the Michigan Agricultural College at Lansing with the degree Bachelor 
of Science, and then prepared for the law by study under private pre- 
ceptorship. He was admitted to the bar at Saginaw in 1884, and his 
first practice was in that city. Since 1886 Mr. Beaumont has lived in 
Detroit and followed a general practice in the state and the federal 
courts. All his time has been devoted to his profession. He served as 
judge advocate of the Michigan National Guard in 1904-06. As a result 
of his membership in the Michigan Naval Reserve at the time of the 
Spanish-American war, he entered the regular service and was detailed 
for duty on the auxiliary cruiser Yosemite. and spent several months on 
board that vessel at Havana, Santiago, Porto Rico, and elsewhere in 
Cuban waters. In January, 1902, he shared in the bounty of fifty thou- 
sand dollars granted by congress to the crew of the Yosemite for the 
sinking of the Spanish vessel Antonio Lopez off the coast of Porto Rico. 

Mr. Beaumont is a member of the Detroit Bar Association, the 
Michigan State Bar Association and the American Bar Association, of 
the American Historical Association, the Detroit Club, University Club, 
the Detroit Boat Club, the Prismatic Club, the Grosse Pointe Riding and 
Hunting Club, the Green Bag Club, and also now a member of the board 
of control of Michigan Agricultural College, associations that indicate 
his varied professional and social activities and avocations. His marriage 
to Miss Alice Lord Burrows was celebrated June 21, 1899. Mrs. Beau- 
mont is a daughter of George L. Burrows, of Saginaw. 

James Hexrv AIustard. Although he is numbered amongthe more 
recent acquisitions to the Battle Creek legal fraternity, to which he at- 
tached himself in 1907, James Henry Mustard is numbered among the 

Vol. IV— 4 



ISOG HISTORY OF JMICHIGAN 

leading representatives of his profession in the city, and as senior mem- 
ber of the firm of James H. and John A. Mustard represents a concern 
of recognized legal strength and is in control of a large and remunerative 
practice. In the political affairs of his adopted county he has also shown 
himself possessed of unusual capacity, an aptitude for organization, and 
the ability to use forces and men thus organized effectively, and at this 
time is chairman of the Republican city committee. 

A native of Seaforth, Ontario, Canada, born Febmary 25, 1880, Mr. 
Mustard is of Scotch descent, his father. Donald Mustard, being born 
in Edinburg, Scotland, and his mother, Catherine (]\IacDonald) Mustard, 
although a native of Glengarry, Ontario, was a daughter of Scotch par- 
ents. The parents of Mr. Mustard were married at Seaforth. Shortly 
after their marriage they settled at Midland, I\Iichigan, where they have 
for many years been successfully engaged in farming. Donald Mustard 
is an influential Republican of his town and county. Of the four 
sons and two daughters, both daughters and one of the sons died in in- 
fancy : James Henry is the eldest ; John A. was for seven years school 
commissioner of Midland county, at the end of that period resigning his 
office to come to liattle Creek and enter the practice of law in partner- 
ship with his brother, and Russell is a clerk in the Midland postoffice. 

After attending the public schools of Midland, where he was gradu- 
ated from the high school in the class of 1899, James Henry Mustard 
applied himself to teaching, a profession in which he made rapid ad- 
vancement. On February 24. igoi, the day before his twenty-first birth- 
day, he received the nomination for the office of school commissioner of 
Midland county, and in the election which followed was successful in 
defeating his two rival candidates. His first two-year term in that office 
proved so satisfactory to the people of the county that upon its expira- 
tion he was again elected, the office at that time having changed its term 
to four years. Mr. Mustard had always had a leaning toward the law, 
and during his service as school commissioner he assiduously devoted 
himself to his legal studies and every other week spent at Ann Arbor in 
the University of Michigan, with the result that he was graduated with 
the class of 1906 and the degree of Doctor of Laws. When his term of 
office expired he came to Battle Creek, June 3, 1907, and first occupied 
offices with D. C. Salisbury, over the Old National Bank, although they 
were not in partnership, and September i, 1909, removed to No. 212 
Ward Building. In 1914 was formed the firm of James H. and John A. 
Mustard, which occupies offices at No. 604 Post Building. Mr. Mustard 
is a valued and appreciative member of the Calhoun County Bar Associa- 
tion, and stands high in the regard of his professional brethren, is a man 
of sterling character and has achieved an excellent reputation as a law-yer, 
a man and a citizen. 

Since coming to Battle Creek Mr. Mustard has interested himself 
actively in Republican politics, and is directing the forces of his party at 
this time as chairman of the Republican city committee. His religious 
connection is with St. Philip's Catholic Church, and he holds membership 
in the Knights of Columbus. His social connection is with the Athelstan 
Club. Mr. Mustard was married at Mount Pleasant, Michigan, June 30, 
igo8, to Miss Blanch Garvin, who was born and reared at Mount Pleas- 
ant, and is a daughter of M. E. Garvin of that place. She graduated 
from the high school in 1898, from the Academy of the Sacred Heart, 
Mount Pleasant, in 1897, and from the Central State Normal School in 
1899. Mr. and Mrs. Mustard are the parents of one child : Margaret 
Catherine, born August 3, 1913. The family home is located at No. 211 
Fremont street. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1807 

Joseph Strong Stringiiam. For many years engaged in railway, 
mining and general engineering, at one time connected with the United 
States Engineer Corps, Mr. Stringham has had his headquarters in 
Detroit since 1900, and for several years has been manager of the 
Monarch Steel Castings Company. Outside of his individual accom- 
plishment, his record is interesting for the fact that he is a lineal de- 
scendant of some of the oldest American families, and his most famous 
ancestor was John Alden. 

Joseph Strong Stringham was born at Saginaw, ^Michigan, October 
31, 1870, a son of Joseph Stringham of Detroit and Pauline Janette 
Backus of Troy, New York. His genealogical descent from John Alden 
is traced by the following certified record: Joseph Stringham, his father, 
was born August 8, 1841, and died January 19. 1910, and was mar- 
ried at Detroit September 14, 1869. His parents were Henry T. and 
Sarah Jane (Strong) Stringham, who were married at Detroit, October 

10, 1839. Sarah Jane Strong was born September 5, 1821, at Roches- 
ter, New York, and died February 16, 1901. Her parents, John Warbam 
and Mary Banks (Root) Strong were married September 12, 1808 (see 
Strong genealogy, 102-3). Mary Banks Root, just mentioned, was born 
September 16, 1791, the daughter of Hon. Jesse and Rebecca (Fish) 
Root, of Hartford, Connecticut, who were married February 8, 1789 
(see Stile's Ancient Windsor 11, 747), Rebecca Fish was born in Au- 
gust, 1770, and died January 27, 1828. Her parents. Dr. Eliakam Fish, 
of Hartford, Connecticut, and Sarah Stillman, of Wethersfield, Connec- 
ticut, were married November 18, 1769 (Stile's Ancient Wethersfield 

11, 671). Dr. Eliakam Fish, who was born February 2, 1740, at Ston- 
ington, Connecticut, and died May 7, 1804, at Hartford, was the son 
of Nathaniel Fish, of Stonington, Connecticut, and Mary Pabodie, of 
Little Compton, Rhode Island. Nathaniel and Mary were married No- 
vember 28. 1736 (Stile's Ancient Wethersfield 11, 671; D.xter.'s Yale 
Graduates). Marv Pabodie was born April 4, 171 1, at Little Compton 
and was the daughter of William and Judith Pabodie (N. E. Hist. 11, 52; 
Genealogical Register in, 57; and N. E. Hist. Genealogical Register). 
William Pabodie, who was born November 24, 1664, at Duxbury, Massa- 
chusetts, and died September 17, 1744, at Little Compton, Rhode Island, 
was the son of William Pabodie of Duxbury and Little Compton and 
Elizabeth Alden of Duxbury, Massachusetts, who were married Decem- 
ber 28, 1644 (N. E. Hist. Genealogical Register in, 57). Elizabeth 
Alden was born in 1622-23 at Plymouth and died ]\Iay 31, 1717. at Little 
Compton. She was the daughter of John Alden of Plymouth, Massa- 
chusetts, and Priscilla Mullins (Molines) of Plymouth (N. E. Histy. 
Genealogical Register in, 64). John Alden the famous character of 
the Plymouth colonv, was born in 1599 and died at Duxbury September 

12, 1687. 

The Stringham familv, according to the above record, was early 
settled in Detroit. Henrv Ten Broeck Stringham (1815-1895) grand- 
father of the Detroit engineer, settled there in 1833, and was identified 
with several earlv Michigan banks. In 1839 'le married Sarah Jane 
Strong, daughter of John \\^ireham Strong, a well known Detroit i)ioneer. 
Joseph Stringham, father of the Detroit engineer, was born in that city 
August 8, 1841, while his wife, Pauline Janette Backus, who was a de- 
scendant of the Mann and Backus families, was born April 18, 1841. at 
Troy, New York. Joseph Stringham, received his education in private 
schools and at Hamburg, Germany, and for many years was engaged in 
the insurance business. During the Civil war he saw service as a quar- 
termaster. He was a member of the Protestant Episcopal Churcli and 



1808 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

in i)olitics. a Republican. All three generations have been members of 
the Detroit Boat Club. 

Joseph Strong Stringham was educated in the public schools and at 
Dufferin College in London, Ontario, and at Ue Veau.x College at Sus- 
pension Bridge, New York. His career began as a grocery clerk, fol- 
lowed by a clerkship with the old Flint and Pere Marquette Railway, 
later as inspector with the United States Engineer Corps, and for a 
time as clerk in an umbrella factory in New York City. ]Mr. Stringham, 
in 1893, was graduated from the Michigan College of Alines at Hough- 
ton. His work as an engineer has taken him into many different local- 
ities, and has been of a varied character with important responsibilities. 
He did work as an engineer in Colorado, California and British Colum- 
bia. During 1897 he was with the United States Engineer Corps, as 
engineer in charge of the rivers and harbors of Michigan, chiefly along 
the shores of Lake Alichigan. During the Spanish-American war, Mr. 
Stringham served as a seaman with the United States Navy on board 
the "Yosemite," the vessel which carried the Naval Reserve, the record 
of which is a matter of pride to Michigan people. In 1899 Air. String- 
ham surveyed the Isthmus of Darien for the United States Government, 
as one of the possible Canal Routes. 

From 1900 to 191 1 his work w-as as constructing engineer for the 
Solvay Process Company of Detroit, and since 1912 he has been man- 
ager of the Monarch Steel Castings Company and vice president of the 
Detroit Seamless Steel Tubes Company. 

Air. Stringham is a member of St. John's Episcopal Church at De- 
troit, is a trustee and vice president of Harper Hospital and a trustee 
of the Masonic Temple Association. In the Masonic fraternity he has 
attained high honors, having received the thirty-third degree of the 
Scottish Rite. 

On June 2, 1910, at Port Huron, Michigan, he married Georgiana 
MacDonald. Her parents were Hilary and Hannah (Pontine) Alac- 
Donald. Mrs. Stringham was educated in the high school and is a 
graduate of the Farrand Training School of Harper Hospital. To 
their marriage has been born one daughter, Helen Strong -Stringham, 
at Detroit, Alay 3, 1912, and one son, Josei)h MacDonald Stringham, at 
Detroit. July 15, 1914. 

Ir.v a. Beck. Whether considered from the standpoint of his pro- 
fessional achievements, from the viewpoint of progressive citizenship, or 
from the position he has attained in social and fraternal life, Ira A. Beck 
is a lawyer of pronounced character. Engaged in practice at Battle Creek 
since i(X>4. he has risen to a recognized position as a legist of broad and 
practical ability, thorough, determined, resourceful, alert and versatile, 
and his election to the presidency of the Athelstan Club is a substantial 
tribute to his standing as a man and a sterling citizen. Mr. Beck belongs 
to one of Alichigan's old and honored families, and w-as born September 
21, 1878. at Charlotte, the county seat of Eaton county, Michigan, his 
parents being John T. and Ella (Foster) Beck, natives respectively of 
New York and Michigan. His father was for many years identified with 
the agricultural interests of Eaton county, but is now living practically 
retired from active life, having an attractive home in the city of Char- 
lotte. A citizen of integrity and public-spirit, he has at all times retained 
the confidence and respect of his fellow-citizens. Politically he is a stanch 
Re])ublican, although he has not entered actively into the activities of the 
political arena. 

Ira A. Beck early displayed abilities far out of the ordinary when he 
graduated from the Charlotte High school when a lad of fourteen years. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1809 

in June, 1893, the youngest person ever graduated from that institution. 
He began reading law under Judge Horace S. :\Ia3nard, and after some 
preparation under the preceptorship of this able member of the Eaton 
county bar was admitted to practice in his native state in 1899, being then 
just twenty-one years of age. In the meantime, in 1896, he had been 
appointed register of the probate court of Eaton county, and this posi- 
tion he continued to fill until 1901. On his admittance to the bar, Mr. 
Beck became associated with Judge Maynard, in his native city, but in 
1901 went to Chicago, where he entered the offices of the prominent law 
firm of Flower, Smith & Musgrave, continuing therewith until January 
I, 1904, when he removed to Battle Creek after an experience especially 
valuable in the line of his calling. On his arrival in Battle Creek he 
formed a professional partnership with Arthur B. Williams, and during 
the five years of its existence the firm of Williams & Beck was regarded 
as one of the strong legal combinations of the city. Since this alliance 
has been dissolved Mr. Beck has continued in practice alone, and now 
maintains offices in the Ward Building. Mr. Beck's law practice has not 
been confined to any special or narrow field, but has been of a broad and 
general character, and his advice is sought by a number of the leading 
business interests of Battle Creek. Since coming to this city he has never 
omitted an opportunity to do what he could toward the improvement of 
the municipality. Both on local and national issues he Iielieves that the 
most good comes from a consistent support of the Republican partv. and 
much of that organization's success in Battle Creek and Calhoun county 
may be accredited to his sterling efiforts. Fraternally he is Grand Marshal 
of the Grand Lodge, F. & A. M. of Michigan, the stepping stone which 
leads by advancement to the office of Grand IMaster of the State, is past 
master of Battle Creek Lodge No. 12, past eminent commander of Battle 
Creek Commandery, No. 33, Knights Templar, and a member of DeWitt 
Chnton Consistory of Grand Rapids, and Saladin Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, Grand Rapids. To his sub- 
stantial and brilliant traits as a lawyer and his stanch character as a man 
are added the possession of the sociable and attractive qualities of the cul- 
tured gentleman, a union of characteristics which has raised him to his 
present enviable position as a lawyer and a citizen. He is president of 
the Athelstan Club and a member of the Country and Community Clubs, 
and he and his wife are members of the Independent Congregational 
Church. The attractive family home, a center of culture, refinement and 
hospitality, is located at No. 69 Garrison avenue. 

Mr. Beck was married March 21, 1906, to Miss Mildred Phillips, who 
was born and reared in this city, a daughter of Dr. Albanus 'SL Phillips 
and Adella C. Phillips, the former for thirty years a leading dentist of 
Battle Creek, and the latter, for several years, the champion lady archer 
of the United States. Two children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Beck : iMargaret and Dorothy, Margaret having recently won the gold 
medal (awarded by the National Race Betterment Conference held in 
Battle Creek), for mental and physical proficiency, in competition with the 
six year girls of the schools of that city. 

Alp-ert a. Arnold. The art of the horticulturist and landscape gar- 
dener has always been given its share of admiration by the world. 
Through it our parks have been beautified, the resting jilace of our 
dearest and most beloved friends has been created into a garden of 
loveliness, and our cities in general have been adorned through the 
artistic arrangement of private residence grounds and those of public 
buildings. In this connection is presented a review of the life of Alliert 
A. Arnold, vice president of the Pontiac Nursery Company, whose ca- 



1810 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

reer is interesting, both because of the high place he holds in his calling 
and for the fact that he has risen thereto through his own unaided 
efforts. 

Albert A. Arnold was born May 12, 1883, at Dayton, Ohio, a son 
of Andrew and Katherine (Haynes) Arnold. The father in his early 
life had been a landscape gardener, but later turned his attention to 
stove moulding and thus continued throughout the active part of his 
career. He is now living retired and makes his home at Dayton, where 
the mother passed away. They were the parents of five children, of 
whom two are deceased, the others being; Howard and Sylvester, who 
are moulders and make their home at Dayton; and Albert A. Albert 
A. Arnold was given but few educational advantages, as the family were 
in modest circumstances and it was necessary that he contribute to their 
support. Accordingly, at the age of eight years, having shown a natural 
predilection for flowers and trees, he was put to work in the nursery 
of Hoover & Gaines, although he continued to prosecute his studies in 
the night schools. Three years later this tirm failed, owing to a terrible 
blight which completely ruined them, and Mr. Arnold went to Xenia, 
Ohio, where he found employment with Gaines & McHeary, the re- 
ceivers for the firm of Hoover & Gaines. He continued with this firm 
for four years, and then had one year's experience in the state of 
Georgia, where he put in an entire year at budding fruit trees. On his 
return to Ohio he located in the city of Cleveland and took charge of 
the Stores & Harrison Nursery Company, a capacity in which he con- 
tinued for about a year and a half. By this time Mr. Arnold had become 
an expert in his chosen profession and his reputation was beginning to 
spread in the line of landscape gardening. Having early learned the 
value of a dollar, he had been of a saving disposition, and when he came 
to Pontiac, in 1906, was able to purchase a block of stock in the I'ontiac 
Nursery Company, which up to this time had been a partnership ar- 
rangement between W. W. Essig and a ]Mr. Buchanan. This business 
had been a failure financially, but was immediately incorporated, and 
through the energy and enterprise of Mr. Arnold, backed by his years 
of practical e.xperience, soon was put upon a paying basis. " Improve- 
ments to the extent of $17,000 have been put in since that time, and an 
inventory in the fall of 1912 showed $67,000 represented in stock, etc. 
The Pontiac Nursery Company, as incorporated in 1910, has a capital 
of $15,000, and its present oflicers are: \V. W. Essfg, president; .Albert 
A. Arnold, vice president ; and B. J. IMonaghan, secretary and treasurer. 
The nursery grounds consist of 200 acres of finely situated lands, and 
the company specializes in landscape gardening, and rearing a full line 
of fruit trees, shrubbery, etc., the business of the firm extending over 
the states of Ohio, Kentucky, Iowa, Indiana, Illinois and Michigan, and 
from fifteen to seventy-five men being employed. Among the numerous 
works of art in landscape gardening done by Mr. Arnold may be men- 
tioned the grounds of the Edison Company of Eastern Michigan, the 
new high school grounds and the waterworks of Pontiac, and all the 
landscape work along the .St. Clair river. The company maintains offices 
in the Jones Building, Detroit. 

Mr. Arnold is a Democrat, but not a politician. He is a valued mem- 
ber of the Elks, and holds membership in Masonic Lodge No. 21, the 
Chapter and Council. Devoted to his profession, he has not even al- 
lowed himself a vacation in years, but when he feels that he can snatch 
a few hours of recreation, arms himself with his rod and goes to whip 
the streams in search of members of the finny tribe. He enjoys the 
comjianionship of his fellows, and being of a genial and likeable disposi- 
tion has a wide circle of warm friends. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1811 

Louis E. Stewart. Through his able qualities as a lawyer and his 
stable, popular traits as a man, Louis E. Stewart, of Battle Creek, has 
rapidly progressed both in the development of a professional reputation 
and a profitable legal business since coming to this city in 1902, and as 
senior member of the firm of Stewart & Jacobs is widely known in the 
field of general and corporation law. He is a native son of Michigan, 
bom near Grand Rapids, Kent county, August 19, 1870, his parents be- 
ing Henry W. and Adeline (Holden) Stewart. 

Henry W. Stewart, who was for many years engaged in farming in 
Michigan, retired from active pursuits during his last years, and passed 
away February 13, 1913, at Braidentown, Florida. For eight years he 
served in the capacity of sheriff of Antrim county, Michigan, to which 
office he was elected in 1882, and in his public capacity established an ex- 
cellent record for courage and fidelity to duty. Mrs. Stewart passed away 
in 1883 in Antrim county, which had been the home of the family for 
eight years. 

After attending the public schools of Mancelona, Michigan, Mr. 
Stewart taught school for a time. He then learned the printer's trade 
at Bellaire, Michigan, but the following year resumed his studies and in 
1894 was graduated from the Bellaire High school. His predilections 
drawing him into the broad and stirring domain of law, Mr. Stewart en- 
tered the legal department of the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, 
from which institution he was graduated in 1896, with the degree of 
Bachelor of Laws, and immediately thereafter located at Albion, Michi- 
gan. During the six years that he remained at that point he was suc- 
cessful in accumulating a handsome and profitable professional business, 
but in November, 1902, desiring a wider field for his activities, came to 
Battle Creek, where. May i, 1904, he formed a partnership with Henry 
F. Jacobs. There is no firm in Battle Creek at this time that is a better 
exemplar of the restless yet substantial ability and the never failing re- 
sourcefulness of the rising lawyer of today than that of which he is an 
equal partner. The firm carries on a general law business, with some cor- 
poration practice, and has a representative practice among some of the 
city's leading business houses. Mr. Stewart has always been a stanch 
Republican in his political views, and since early manhood has been con- 
nected more or less actively with the affairs of his party. He was but 
twenty-one years of age when he was elected marshal of Bellaire, while 
in Albion served in the capacity of circuit court commissioner, was prose- 
cuting attorney of Calhoun county in 1907 and 1908, and in 191 1 was 
elected a member of the Battle Creek board of education for a term of 
three years. He has been connected with various interests of a public 
nature. Always an adherent of temperance, in 1909 Mr. Stewart man- 
aged the anti-saloon campaign in Calhoun county, which was successful, 
Mr. Stewart carrying the county for the "dry" element by ninety-nine 
votes, and which, for the first time in the history of the county, put every 
saloon in the county out of business for two years. Fraternally, Mr. 
Stewart is connected with Battle Creek Lodge No. 12, Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons ; Bryant Chapter, Order of the Eastern Star ; the Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America, of Albion, and the Knights of Pythias, of 
Battle Creek. He also holds membership in the Athelstan Club of this 
city, and with his family is a member of the Episcopal church. 

Mr. Stewart was married at Albion, Michigan, August 5, 1903, to 
Miss Clarissa Dickie, who was born at Hastings, Michigan, and was edu- 
cated at Albion College, where she was graduated from its Conservatory. 
Her father, Dr. Samuel Dickie, M. S., LL. D., is president of that insti- 
tution. Two children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Stewart, namely: 
Mary, born at Albion, and Elizabeth, a native of Battle Creek. The 



1812 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

family have an attractive residence at No. 192 Fremont street, where 
their numerous friends are invited on many pleasant social occasions. 

Richard H. Browne. Twenty-five years ago Mr. Browne began his 
career in Muskegon as a coal shoveler. Today he is president and 
general manager of the Browne-Morse Company, a corporation capital- 
ized at a quarter of a million dollars, and whose manufacturing products 
are sent all over the world. Mr. Browne is still a young man, but has 
accomplished as much in a quarter of a century as would be creditable in a 
lifetime. 

Richard H. Browne was born in Ontario, Canada, November 23, 1872, 
a son of William H. and Elizabeth Howden Browne, both natives of 
Ontario. The father died in 1894, and the mother in 191 1. The grand- 
father, Alexander Browne, a native of Ireland, came to Canada, when 
a young man, and spent the rest of his career as a farmer. The maternal 
grandfather was Richard Howden, born in the north of Ireland, and 
coming to Canada in early years, also following the vocation of farming. 
William H. Brown during his active career was successfully engaged 
in insurance work. He held the rank of major in the Canadian ]\Iilitia 
in the Thirty-Fourth Battalion. He and his family were Church of Eng- 
land people, and in politics he was a conservative. In the Masonic Order 
he belonged to the Lodge, the Chapter and the Council. There were five 
sons, and the four living are : Frederick, a groceryman at Toronto, 
Canada ; Richard H. Alexander, who is foreman in a manufacturing 
plant at Oshawa, Ontario, and George, living in Brooklyn, Canada, and 
connected with the Canadian Department of Agriculture. 

Richard H. Browne had a public school education in his native 
province, and his higher learning was consigned to one week's attend- 
ance in the collegiate institute at Whitby. He was fourteen years old 
when he came to Michigan, and in September, 1888, found a job shovel- 
ing coal for the gas company of Muskegon. His service with the gas 
company continued for fifteen years, and when he retired he was as- 
sistant general manager. For a time he was also one of the stock hold- 
ers in the business. On leaving the gas company Mr. Browne became 
identified with the Howden and Company, steam fitters and plumbers, 
and with that concern learned the trade and also worked as office boy, 
bookkeeper and finally as general manager. In October, 1907, 'Sir. 
Browne organized the Browne-Morse Company, with a capital stock of 
two hundred and fifty thousand dollars of which he is president and 
general manager. This company manufactures office filing devices and 
specialties. During 1912 the company did an aggregate business of two 
hundred and fifty thousand dollars, and its connections have been so 
developed that the products are sent to all the chief commercial centers 
of the world. Mr. Browne is himself owner of the majority of stock 
in the company. 

In June, 191 1, he married Emma D. Dratz, daughter of John Dratz, 
who for many years was a successful merchant at ]\Iuskegon. Airs. 
Browne is a member of the Congregational church. Socially Mr. Browne's 
connections are with the Masonic Order, and the Benevolent and Protec- 
tive Order of Elks, and in the former he has taken the Knights Templar 
degree, belongs to the Consistory, and the Mystic Shrine. He has spent 
practically all his business career in Muskegon, and enjoys the high 
esteem of all the citizens, and has always interested himself in behalf 
of good government and civic improvement. For four years his serv- 
ices were given to the citv as a councilman, and he was at one time can- 
didate for mayor, being defeated by seventy votes. In politics Mr. 
Browne is for the man he thinks will give the best for the most of the 
people. 




RICHARD II. r.KOWXE 



THE NIW TOUK 
FBBllCiUiURY 



AST*" ' ' • ^ ' ■•» 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1813 

James E. Fkrguson, M. D. For more ihan twenty years Dr. Fer- 
guson has been an active member of the Michigan medical fraternity, 
has had a broad range of experience, both as a private practitioner 
and in pubHc service connected with his profession. Since 1909 he has 
practiced at Grand Rapids, with offices in the .\shton building. Dr. 
James E. Ferguson was born July 31, 1868, in Elgin county, Ontario, 
and was the oldest in a family of four sons and one daughter. Two 
of the doctor's brothers are physicians, and his sister married a physician. 
The parents, Dougal and Sarah ( Shearer ) Ferguson, were very pros- 
perous farming people of Ontario. Both were natives of Scotland, 
whence they immigrated to Canada, and located in Ontario, w-here they 
became owners of a splendid farm of six hundred acres. Dougal Fergu- 
son was a man of prominence in his community, and was elected to the 
Canadian Parliament. 

James E. Ferguson was reared in Canada, attended the grammar 
and high schools, graduating from the latter at the age of seventeen. 
For two years he pursued his medical studies at Montreal, and in 1899 
entered the Detroit College of Medicine, where he was graduated M. D. 
in 1890. The first year and a half of his experience were in the Eastern 
Michigan Insane Asylum. For fifteen years he was in active practice 
at Belding, and in ickx) established himself at Grand Rapids, where he 
now enjoys a large practice of representative order-. In 1907, Dr. Fer- 
guson took a special course at the Chicago Eye, Ear, Nose & Throat 
College. 

On July 17, 1895, Dr. Ferguson married Katharyn Wilson, a daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. T. C. Wilson of Port Huron, ^lichigan. They are 
the parents of two sons, Dougal E., now in high school, and James D., 
in the grade schools. Dr. Ferguson is affiliated with the Masonic Order, 
the Knights of Pythias, and the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, while his wife has membership in the Eastern Star. The doctor 
also belongs to the County and State Medical Society, and the American 
Medical Association. For ten years he served as United States Pension 
E.xaminer. He and his' family reside at 141 Auburn Avenue in Grand 
Rapids. 

John C. Reynolds, M. D. The Michigan medical profession has 
been honored by the labors and achievements of some of the leading 
practitioners of the country, men who have won success and position 
through steadfast and devoted loyalty to the best interests and highest 
ideals of their chosen calling. The city of Battle Creek has been the scene 
of the activities of some of the most successful of this group of honored 
professional men, and foremost among them is found Dr. John C. Rey- 
nolds, who for thirty-two years has been engaged in practice here, winning 
constant recognition of his high abilities, especially in the special depart- 
ment of diseases of the head, throat and lungs. 

Doctor Reynolds is a Canadian, born near Port Hope, Province of 
Ontario, April 15, 1857, and was five years old when he accompanied 
his parents, Francis and Margaret (Kells) Reynolds, to Rochester, New 
York. His father early engaged in agricultural pursuits in Canada and 
became the owner of a handsome property, but his extreme kind-hearted- 
ness led him into signing notes for friends, who afterwards proved dis- 
honest, and in this way lost about everything that he owned. In after 
years he frequently impressed upon his children the danger of signing 
their names to notes, and when on his death-bed, his last words to them 
were to that eiifect. Upon leaving his native land and coming to the 
United States, he started all over again in diliferent lines of endeavor, 
and through energy and persistence became fairly successful. He re- 



1814 HISTORY OF iMICHIGAN 

mained in New York from 1862 until 1865 and then came to Battle Creek, 
which city continued to be his home during the remainder of his life, his 
death occurring in 1885. Mrs. Reynolds survived until 1908, when she 
passed away at the age of eighty-six years. They were the parents of five 
sons and six daughters, of whom four sons and one daughter are sur- 
viving at this time, as follows : Margaret, who is the widow of Ezra 
Kipp and resides at her residence on Adams street, Battle Creek ; Frank, 
the first born, who is a resident of Pensacola, Florida; William, who 
maintains his home in Texas ; John C, of this review ; and Joseph W., 
who is a successful practicing attorney at Duluth, Minnesota. One 
brother, Thomas, was drowned at Battle Creek when twenty-one years 
of age. 

The early education of Dr. John C. Reynolds was secured in the 
public schools of Battle Creek, Michigan, to which city he was brought 
Idv his parents as a child of five years. He early displayed a marked in- 
clination for the medical profession and when he was nineteen years of 
age began his medical studies under Dr. Austin S. Johnson, of Battle 
Creek, an able preceptor and helpful friend. Following this, Doctor 
Reynolds attended a course of lectures at the Pulte Medical College, in 
Cincinnati. Ohio, and from that institution received his diploma and de- 
gree of Doctor of Medicine, being graduated with the class of 1882. He 
had already chosen his field of practice, and immediately opened offices 
at Battle Creek, which city has continued to be his field of endeavor and 
the scene of his successes to the present time. He has continued to be a 
student, spending a great deal of his time in research and investigation, 
and in 1895 took a post-graduate course in the Chicago Homeopathic 
Medical College. His deep and thorough knowledge, his superior talent 
and his kindly, helpful sympathy have attracted about him a large general 
practice, but he has given special attention to the treatment and cure of 
diseases of the head, throat and lungs, a field in which he has won merited 
distinction. In the line of his calling, he is connected with the ^Michigan 
State Medical Homeopathic Society. Fraternally, he holds membership 
in A. T. Metcalf Lodge, No. 419, Free and Accepted Alasons, and in the 
Commandery, Knights Templar; and is likewise a member of the local 
lodge of the Knights of Pythias. A stalwart Republican in his political 
views, he has served as alderman of the Fifth Ward for two terms, and 
his public service has been of a distinctively helpful nature. While the 
duties and responsibilities of his large practice have been very heavy, he 
has never been too busy to contribute of his time or services to the ad- 
vancement of any helpful civic measure, and he is thus deserving of a 
place among the builders of the city. His career has been successful in a 
material way, and at this time he is the owner of a large amount of real 
estate, both Ijusiness and residential, and has his home and office at No. 
16 North Division street. 

The marriage of Doctor Reynolds occurred on August 5, 1885, when 
he was united with Mrs. Elizabeth H. Briggs, a daughter of the late 
Major Hudson, who died at Paw Paw, Michigan, December 19, 1881. 
Dr. Reynolds has no children of his own, but is the stepfather of Mrs. 
Allene B. Wells, of Detroit, who is the wife of D. Graham Wells. She 
is the daughter of Mrs. Reynolds by her first husband, whose full name 
was George Allen Briggs. Ujion his death, his surviving widow married 
Dr. Reynolds. At the date of this marriage the daughter, Allene, was 
but three years old. Therefore Dr. Reynolds, from that date forward, 
was in every sense a father to her, and, in his own language, "She was 
to me the same as an own daughter." Mr. and Mrs. \\'ells are the parents 
of five children, namelv: Martha E., Helen, Miriam. lohn A. and Ruth. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1815 

Herbert Pritchard Orr, deputy state insurance commissioner of 
Michigan, and one of the state's well-known legists and influential citi- 
zens, is a native of Michigan and a representative of one of its pioneer 
families. Mr. Orr's father, Frederick H. Orr, was born at Tuscola, Tus- 
cola county, Michigan, in 1859, the son of the late M. David Orr, M. D., 
who was a native of the Empire state, and one of the pioneer physicians 
of Tuscola county, Michigan, where he settled during the early days of 
the history of the state. Mr. Orr's mother was, before her marriage, 
Katie R. O'Kelly, and was bom in the Province of Ontario, Canada, in 
1856, a daughter of Ebenezer O'Kelly, who was a native of Grand Island, 
New York, and moved from that place to Canada and later to Michigan, 
being a pioneer of Tuscola county. The father, Frederick H. Orr, has 
been prominent in the public affairs of Tuscola county and Michigan for 
a number of years. He was elected on the Republican ticket to the office 
of county clerk of Tuscola county, and for several years filled the posi- 
tion of deputy collector of customs for the Port Huron District. 

Herbert Pritchard Orr was reared at Tuscola and his early educa- 
tion was secured in the public schools of that place, he being graduated 
from the high school in 1901. Following this he adopted the law as his 
life vocation, entering the law department of the University of Michi- 
gan, from which he was graduated with the class of 1905 and the degree 
of Bachelor of Laws. During that same year Mr. Orr was admitted 
to the bar, and immediately entered practice and opened an office at 
Caro, Michigan, where he continued in the enjoyment of an excellent 
professional business until 1909. In that year his abilities and acquire- 
ments were recognized by his appointment to the office of actuary of the 
State Insurance Department, an important office which he has held until 
November, 1910, having been reappointed in 1913 by the incoming com- 
missioner of insurance, Hon. John T. Winship. Mr. Orr is a Republican 
in his political affiliation and has been stalwart in his support of that 
party's principles and candidates, but has won friends among men of all 
political denominations by his straightforward actions and earnest devo- 
tion to the best interests of the people of his state. He is well known in 
Masonry, being a member of Lansing Lodge No. 33, F. & A. M. He like- 
wise is connected with the Knights of Pythias, belonging to Caro Lodge 
of that order. 

Mr. Orr was united in marriage with Miss Catherine M. Johnson, of 
Ann Arbor, Michigan, daughter of Leonard S. Johnson, and to this union 
there has come one son, Garrett Pritchard, born in 1907. 

C.\RLiSLE P. Hull. By his business and also through a wide per- 
sonal and family relationship, Carlisle P. Hull is prominently known in 
Grand Rapids and Kent county. With his offices in the Fourth National 
Rank Building, j\Ir. Hull has developed a large business as a realty 
broker and in addition to his local dealings is manager of the Crow 
Agency realty brokers, and agent for the Chicago Bonding & Surety 
Company. Another profitable connection is as agent of the Canadian 
Pacific Land Company, and looks after the interests of that company 
over four Michigan counties. 

Carlisle P. Hull was born at Ravenna, Portage county, Ohio. June 
19, 1866. a son of Calvin E. and Jennie L. (Eatinger) Hull. Calvin E. 
Hull, who was born at LeRoy, Genesee county. New York, Febraary 
7, 1837, was a son of Philo and Emmeline ( \'inton ) Hull, the former 
a native of New York and the latter of Massachusetts. Grandfather 
Hull moved to Canada, and later became a pioneer in Michigan and died 
on his farm in Kent county, while his wife passed away in Grand Rap- 
ids. Calvin E. Hull was a child when his parents moved to Canada, 



1816 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

and in liis fourlecnth year he came to Kent county. Alichigan, settling 
with his parents on a wild farm and growing up in the midst of pioneer 
surroundings. Besides his work as a farmer and stock raiser he learned 
the trade of stone-cutter and mason. A short time before the beginning 
of the war he went to Ohio and enlisted in Company I of the One 
Hundred and Fourth Ohio Infantry. His service was for three years, 
and he participated in many of the well known campaigns and battles 
of the western army, including Resaca, Franklin and Nashville. With 
the close of the war he returned to Ravenna, Ohio, followed his trade 
until 1868, and in that year settled in Lowell, Kent county, Michigan, 
and in 1876 became a farmer in Lowell township. In 1886 Calvin E. 
Hull retired with a competency, and since lived quietly in Grand Rapids, 
surrounded with the comforts of e.xistence. Calvin E. Hull was mar- 
ried at Ravenna, Ohio, April 22, 1861, to Jennie L. Eatinger, who 
was born at Ravenna December 16, 1844. Her parents were Samuel 
S. and Catherine ( Mercer ) Eatinger. Her father was the son of a 
German immigrant and was the second male white child born in Portage 
county, Ohio. Catherine I^Zatinger was born in Beaver county. Penn- 
sylvania. Calvin Hull and wife became the parents of four children; 
Carlisle P.; Winslow C, an Ionia county farmer; Rose -\.. wife of 
James A. Young; and S. Eugene. 

When Carlisle P. Hull was two years of age his parents moved in 
1868 to Lowell, Michigan, and that town furnished him his bo\hood 
environment and its schools gave him his education until he was ten 
years of age. His father having moved out to a farm in Lowell town- 
ship in 1876, the country then became his home until he was twenty 
years of age. Mr. Hull .in 1886 returned with his parents to Grand 
Rapids, and has been a citizen*6f that city ever since. During his early 
career as a farmer Mr. Hull' learned the trade of engineer, millwright 
and builder, and those vocations furnished the basis for his career until 
191 1. In the meantime, however, for three years he had been engaged 
in the grocery business with his father at Grand Rapids. Since 191 1 
^Ir. Hull has devoted his undivided attention to the real estate business 
and his success in that line is indicated by his substantial connections ' 
and by the reputation which he bears in Grand Rapids for safe and 
reliable handling of all matters entrusted to his care. 

Mr. Hull is a progressive Republican, and is affiliated with \'alley 
City Lodge No. 86, A. F. & A. M. He has been twice married. His 
first wife was Isabel Williams, and she left one child. Calvin E., born 
in Grand Rapids in 1890. Mr. Hull's present wife before her mar- 
riage was Nellie M. IMcNally. 

Edg.\r B. Foss has been a resident of Bay county for about forty 
years, and during this entire period has been connected with the lumber 
trade. Commencing in the humblest position, he mastered its many de- 
tails and has continued in the business until he has attained at length a 
commanding position among the enterprising dealers and manufacturers 
of Bay City, and has shown himself able to hold it amid the strong com- 
petition which increasing capital and trade have brought to the city. His 
success is due alone to his energetic character and business capacity, for 
he began life without pecuniary assistance or the aid of family or other 
favoring influences. 

Mr. Foss comes of a family long represented in New England, of 
English extraction. He was born Febrtiary 28, 1853, at Willimantic, 
Connecticut, and is a son of John and Sarah B. (Slade) Foss, natives 
of Massachusetts, the father being engaged in the mercantile business 
while the Slades were farming people. John Foss died when Edgar B. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1817 

was still a small boy, but the mother survived for a long period, and 
when she passed away in 1907 had attained the ripe old age of eighty- 
three years. The youngest of his parents' eleven children, Edgar B. 
Foss attained his education in the public schools of Woonsocket and 
Providence, Rhode Island, but faced the world when still a small lad, 
his first employment being as office boy in the office of Governor Henry 
Lippitt of Rhode Island. He was but fifteen years old when he came 
to Kawkawlin, Bay county, Michigan, and here secured employment in 
the office of Dexter A. Ballou, a lumber manufacturer, with whom he 
received his introduction to the business in which he was later to become 
such an important factor. After several years with D. A. Ballou he 
accepted a position with Van Etten, Kaiser & Company, lumbermen, as 
a traveling salesman, was subsequently with their successors. Van Etten, 
Campbell & Company, and George Campbell & Company, in a like ca- 
pacity, and when the latter firm retired from business he ventured upon 
an enterprise of his own at Bay City. With a thorough acquaintance of 
the details of the business, gained at a period when so many young men 
are wasting their opportunities in frivolity and dissipation, he entered 
into the prosecution of his activities with an enthusiasm and tenacity of 
purpose which guided him safely over the first few years. His initial 
success bred confidence, and he soon broadened the scope of his oppor- 
ttuiities, gradually reaching further and further until today he controls 
a comfortable share of tlie trade between Michigan and the Atlantic 
coast. He manufactures and handles white pine lumber, with saw mills 
in Canada, and planing mills and wholesale lumber yard in Bay City, 
handling about 50,000,000 feet annually, and owning large timber tracts 
in Canada and on the Pacific coast. In the Canadian mills he has about 
four hundred employes, including those in the woods ; in Bay City he 
employs about two hundred and sixty men ; and is also at the head of a 
coal mining company operating in Genesee and Bay counties, which em- 
ploys the services of some four hundred men. His coal output aggre- 
gates about 200,000 tons annually. Mr. Foss' opinion upon matters con- 
nected with the lumber trade is influential with the members of the voca- 
tion, who regard him as thoroughly informed and have confidence in the 
soundness of his judgment. His opinions are often sought as a guide 
to their operations on occasions of doubt and uncertainty. In political 
matters a stalwart Republican, Mr. Foss was a presidential elector on the 
Roosevelt ticket in 1904 and a delegate to the Republican National Con- 
vention in 1908 which nominated William H. Taft for the presidency. 
He is a member of the Masonic order, belonging to the Blue Lodge, Chap- 
ter, Commandery, Consistory and Shrine, and is a valued and popular 
member of the Bay City Club. His religious connection is with the Con- 
gregational church. 

Air. Foss was married in Bay City to Miss Elizabeth Fitzgerald, 
daughter of Thomas Fitzgerald, and to this union there have been born 
three children: Walter I., Edgar H. and Edith Hope. Essentially a 
home man, Mr. Foss is never so happy as when in the midst of his family, 
but he also enjoys motoring and takes frequent trips to various points in 
his adopted state. His sturdy character and sterling qualities make him 
one of the representative men of Bay City, and his signal services to his 
community entitle him to be numbered among its most substantial builders. 

Charles Stewart Mott. Mayor of Flint, president of the Weston- 
Mott Manufacturing Company, president and one of the incorporators 
of the Industrial Savings Bank, Charles S. Mott is one of the enter- 
prising manufacturers who have made Flint conspicuous as a prosperous 
industVial center. A voung man of remarkable personality, energy and 



1818 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

capacity for business, while Mr. ]Mott is largely employed in the man- 
agement and direction of a local industry regarded as a nianisiay of 
Flint, he is at the same time identified intimately with the larger life 
and activities of the community. His business career has been one of 
consecutive growth since youth, when, in New York city, where he 
grew up. he was associated with his father, and eventually became iden- 
tified with the \\'eston-]\Iott Company, which since transferred its enter- 
prise to Flint. 

Charles Stewart Mott was born at Newark. New Jersey. June 2, 1875, 
a son of John C. and Isabella Turnbull (Stewart) ]\Iott. His father was 
born in New Y'ork and his mother in New Jersey. The father was a 
maker of cider and vinegar in New York state, and died at the age of 
forty-nine years. The mother is still living and resides at Glen Ridge. 
New Jersey. There were just two children, and the daughter, Edith 
Stewart Mott, is the wife of Herbert E. Davis of Glen Ridge, New 
Jersey. 

After an education in the public schools ]\Ir. Charles S. Mott, in Au- 
gust, 1894, when about nineteen years of age, went abroad and remained 
one year in the study of zymotechnology and chemistry at Copenhagen, 
Denmark, and in Alunich, Germany. Subsequently, with the class of 
1897, he was graduated as a mechanical engineer from Stevens Insti- 
tute of Technology at Hoboken, New Jersey. Following his technical 
education Mr. ]\Iott went into business with his father in the manufacture 
of carbonators. The firm was known as C. S. ]\Iott & Company. In 
1900, a year after the death of Mr. Alott's father, the plant was moved 
to Utica. New Y'ork. and was merged and continued in the factory of 
the \\'eston-Mott Company, which had been organized in 1896 and of 
which Mr. Mott was already a director. The \\'eston-AIott Company 
manufactured as its chief output automobile axles, hubs, and rims. The 
business grew with phenomenal rapidity, and from the start was always 
on a most substantial footing. With the extension of business it became 
advisable to change locations in order to get nearer the center of the 
automobile world, and accordingly the firm was moved from Utica. 
New York, to Flint. Mr. Mott since February, 1907. has been promi- 
nent not only in the upbuilding of the Weston-Mott Company, but also 
in many business and semi-public activities related to the continued 
prosperity of this city as a commercial community. The Weston-Mott 
Company at Flint built seven large and commodious factory buildings, 
with an aggregate of four hundred thousand square feet of floor space, 
and all the buildings are of substantial brick construction and from one 
to three stories in height. The company is capitalized at a million and a 
half of dollars, and more than two thousand persons are on their payroll. 
No other enterprise in Flint is a more substantial pillar of prosperity 
than this company. Some years ago at Utica the original firm employed 
only about sixty hands. The products of the \\'eston-Mott Company 
are sold all over the world, and ever)- process and detail of the manu- 
facture has been refined to the highest point of efficiency so that the 
reputation for the goods is well deser^-ed. 

Since coming to Flint 'Sir. Alott became one of the organizers of the 
Industrial Savings Bank, primarily as an institution for the benefit of 
the industrial community of which he is the head. This bank, of which 
Mr. ^Mott is president, is housed in a modern two-story brick structure 
opposite the factories at the corner of Hamilton and Industrial streets, 
and has a capital of one hundred thousand dollars with seventy thousand 
dollars surplus. Owing to the growth of the bank business it became nec- 
essan' in the spring of 1913 to open a branch bank in the F. P. Smith 
building on Saginaw street. Mr. Mott is also a director of the Genesee 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1819 

County Savings Bank. Other interests in Flint include a position as 
director of the Flint Sandstone & Brick Company, secretary and treas- 
urer of that company, a director of the Standard Rule Company, director 
of the Copeman Stove Company and of the Sterling Motor Company of 
Detroit, a director of the General Motor Company, and director of the 
Brown-Lipe-Chapin Company of Syracuse, New York. 

In the spring of 1912, as an independent business man and without 
any particular brand of politics, Mr. I^Iott was elected to the office of 
mayor, and has shown what a capable business man, successful in private 
enterprise, can do towards making a larger and better city. He has 
applied himself with great energy to the upbuilding of Flint, along the 
line of street improvements, better schools and better institutions gen- 
erally, and has followed the policy of distributing the resources of the 
city's wealth without special advantage to any one section, it being a 
part of the fundamental policy of Mayor j\Iott that every quarter of 
Flint should receive equal benefit with every other section from the cur- 
rent revenues of the municipality. Mr. Mott has taken a prominent part 
in local Y. M. C. A. work and was chairman of the executive committee 
of the association and a leader in the recent campaign for the raising of 
one hundred and twelve thousand dollars to construct a new building. 
Mrs. Mott has manifested a similar activity in the affairs of the Young 
Women's Christian Association, and is prominent in club and church af- 
fairs. Among his earlier experiences, Mr. Mott in 1898 joined the Navy 
and served through the Spanish-American war on board the United 
States Ship Yankee and also for six years was connected with the 
Naval Militia of New York. He is a member of the American Society 
of Mechanical Engineers and the Society of Automobile Engineers. In 
Masonry he has taken thirty-two degrees in the Scottish Rite, belongs 
to the Knight Templars and Mystic Shrine, and also has affiliation with 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Loyal Order of Moose 
and the United Spanish War \'eterans. His social relations are with 
the Flint Country Club, the Detroit Club, and outside of business his 
chief pleasures are in hunting and fishing. 

On Tune 14, 1900, at New York City, Mr. Mott married Miss Ethel 
C. Harding, a daughter of Herbert B. and Aimee (Culbert) Harding of 
New York City. To their marriage have been born three children, as 
follows: Aimee Mott, born in Utica, New York, April 15, 1902; Elsa 
Beatrice Mott, born in Utica November 14, 1904; and Charles Stewart 
Harding Mott, born in Utica November 4, 1906. Mr. Mott owns a 
beautiful home at 423 East Kearsley street. 

Martin J. Cavanaugh, a successful Ann Arbor lawyer whose prac- 
tice has embraced a large scope, began his career in Washtenaw county 
more than a quarter of a century ago, and along with the solid accom- 
plishments of a skillful lawyer has enjoyed the esteem paid to the public- 
spirited and useful citizen. Mr. Cavanaugh has associated with him in 
the practice of law, George James Burke. 

He represents" an old family of Michigan, and was born on a farm 
in Manchester township, Washtenaw County, in 1865, a son of Matthew 
and Mary (Daly) Cavanaugh. Both his parents were born in Ireland, 
and they had six children, three of whom are living: Martin J., the 
eldest; Thomas J., who graduated in law from the University of Michi- 
gan in 1892 and is now engaged in practice at Paw Paw, Van Buren 
county, Michigan, and Mrs. Ellen Reilly of Washtenaw county. 

Martin J. Cavanaugh attended a country district school, later the high 
school at the village of Manchester until finishing in 1883, and then en- 
tered the University of ^Michigan and was graduated Bachelor of Arts in 



1820 HISTORY OF MICHIGAX 

1887. His law studies had been pursued at the same time with his literary 
course, and in 1887 he passed the required examination and was admitted 
to the bar. The first year was spent in practice at Chelsea in Washtenaw 
county with Michael J. Lehman and since then in Ann Arbor. Mr. 
Cavanaugh is experienced in practically all classes of litigation and is 
noted among his associates for broad and conscientious work. 

He has held the offices of County Commissioner of Public School, 
Clerk of the United States Circuit Court at Detroit and was a member 
of the Constitutional Convention and took a prominent part in making 
the present constitution for Michigan. His services as president for 
many years of the Board of Education of Ann Arbor have contributed 
much to the continued usefulness and progress of the local public school 
system. On November 6, 1889. Mr. Cavanaugh married ^Iiss Mary C. 
Seery. Their four children are Stella, Ralph, Camilla and Ruth. 

Charles Donald Thompson, who has practiced law at Bad Axe sev- 
enteen years, and belongs to a pioneer family in that section of the state, 
w-as born in the eastern part of ''The Thumb" of ^Michigan, on February 
21, 1873. He is the only son of Charles Ezra and Elizabeth (McDonald) 
Thompson. He graduated from the Bad Axe public schools and entered 
the literary department of the University of Michigan with the class of 
'97. Before completing his literary course he entered the law department, 
from which he graduated in 1896, with the degree of LL. B. Since then 
he has practiced law at the city of Bad Axe, the county seat of Huron 
county. He is a Presbyterian, a Republican and a Knight Templar. For 
many years he has served as city attorney, and was a member of the 
Michigan Constitutional Convention of 1907-08. ]\Ir. Thompson is a 
director of the State Savings Bank of Bad Axe, the Consolidated Tele- 
phone Company and other local corporations. 

Charles E. Thompson, his father, was born in Port Huron in 1845 
and came to Huron county in 1854. He was the only son of John Dame 
Thompson, who served in the Twenty-Ninth ^Michigan Infantry in the 
Civil war, and whose ancestors came to America on the ^Mayflower (see 
"Descendants of John Thomson") and Mary A. (Lockwood) Thompson. 
Though prominent as a Republican he was elected to nearly every county 
office, and in many cases by an almost non-partisan vote. He served some 
twenty-two years, having been County Clerk, Treasurer, Register of 
Deeds, and Judge of Probate. Judge Thompson was prominent in both 
the York and Scottish Rite Masonic bodies. His death occurred in 1907. 
Elizaljeth Thompson, the mother, was born at London, Ontario, in 1851. 
She descends through her father from the Clanranald branch of the 
Clan MacDonald, and through her mother from the Earl of Seaforth of 
the Clan MacKenzie of Scotland. She has been prominent in the club 
and social development of her city. There are three younger sisters: 
Grace McDonald Thompson, A. B. ( U. of M.), C. D. F. of Denver; 
Elizabeth Lockwood Tliompson, A. B. and M. S. (U. of M.), now 
an assistant in the Department of Zoolog}' in the University of Michigan ; 
and Helen Beulah Gaige, .\. B. and A. M. (U. of M.), wife of Frederick 
IM. Gaige, A. B. (U. of M.). She is administrative assistant and Mr. 
Gaige is entomological assistant of the Museum of the University of 
Michigan. ]\Iiss Thompson and Mr. and Mrs. Gaige have all been elected 
to membership in Sigma Xi, the National Scientific Honorary Society. 

On January 10. 19 12, Charles D. Thompson was united in marriage 
with Ida Elizabeth Proctor, a daughter of Benjamin Franklin Proctor, 
who served in Berdan's Company of Sharpshooters during the Civil War, 
and .-Vmelia (Robinson) Proctor. Both of Mrs. Thompson's parents are 
deceased. The Proctor familv came to America from England in the 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1821 

early part of the last century, settled first in New Brunswick, then in 
Alassachusetts, then in \'ermont, and later in Western Michigan. Mrs. 
Thompson was born in Ionia county. She graduated from her home high 
school and taught several years in the grade and high schools of her home 
county. She then entered the training school of the Saginaw General 
Hospital and after completing her course became the first superintendent 
of the Hubbard Memorial Hospital at Bad Axe, from which she was 
called to be Superintendent of the Saginaw General Hospital, which posi- 
tion she held until her marriage. 

Ror.KRT G. ;\IacKexzie, A. B., M. D. In 1907 Dr. ^MacKenzie grad- 
uated in medicine from the University of Michigan. His father was 
an alumnus of the same school, and though the family home has long 
been in southern Illinois the city of Ann Arbor has many associations 
for both generations. The younger Dr. MacKenzie chose to remain 
at Ann Arbor after graduating, has become connected with the faculty 
of instruction in the medical department of the university, enjoys a 
good practice as a .physician and surgeon, but is probably best known 
to the rank and file of local citizenship through his official position as 
mayor, to which he was elected in 1913. 

The Scotch ancestors of Dr. MacKenzie settled in Nova Scotia many 
years ago. Dr. Robert Gordon MacKenzie was born at Chester, Ran- 
dolph county, Illinois, June 3, 1882, a son of Dr. William R. and Nellie 
(Gordon) MacKenzie. Nova Scotia was the birthplace of his father, 
who received his earlv education there and in 1870 graduated from the 
medical department of the University of Alichigan. The following five 
years were spent in practice in the historic old town of Kaskaskia, Ran- 
dolph county, Illinois, which was the first capital of the territory of 
Illinois. Since then his home and general practice has been at Chester 
in the same county. Dr. William R. MacKenzie has attained the age 
of three score and' ten. His wife, of Virginia and Kentucky ancestry, 
was born at Chester, representing an old family of that county. The 
oldest of their three children is Dr. William A. MacKenzie, a success- 
ful physician and surgeon at St. Louis : Dr. Robert G. is second : and 
the sister, Adeline, is wife of Dr. Edward T. Urban, also a St. I-ouis 
physician. 

Robert G. IMacKenzie attended the Chester public schools, in 1901 
was graduated from Smith's Academy of St. Louis, and subsequently 
was a student of McKendree College at Lebanon, Illinois. At the same 
time his studies in medicine had been carried on under the direction of 
his father. In 1907 he was awarded the degree of Doctor of Medicine, 
and in 1908 he was graduated Bachelor of Arts from the University 
of Michigan. Since then Dr. MacKenzie has built up a general practice 
at Ann Arbor. He is a memlier of the surgical stafif of St. Joseph's 
Hospital. His professional relations are with Washtenaw County Med- 
ical Society, the Michigan State Medical Society and the American 
Medical Association. In his citizenship he is guided by modern and 
progressive ideals,- and the community regarded itself as fortunate in 
his election to the office of mayor in 1913. Dr. MacKenzie is Republican 
in politics, and fraternally is associated with the Masonic Lodge and the 
Ann Arbor Lodge of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 

On Christmas Day of 1908 Dr. ^MacKenzie married ^liss Marian 
Cole, of his old home town of Chester, Illinois. They have one son, 
Robert Gordon, Jr. 

George A. Striffler. He whose name initiates this paragraph is 
not only one of the representative business men and landholders of 



1822 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

Tuscola county but is a native son of the county and a scion of one of 
its best known and most honored pioneer faniihes. Here he was reared 
and here he has found abundant scope for personal achievement along 
normal lines of enterprise. He is the leading implement dealer at Cass 
City, one of the thriving and attractive towns of this section of the 
state, and as a citizen and business man he is well upholding the honors 
of a name that has been most prominently linked with the development 
and upbuilding of Tuscola county. 

George Albert Striffler was born on a pioneer farm in !-"lkland tr)wn- 
ship, Tuscola county, Alichigan. on the lOth of March, 1804, and the 
place of his nativity is one mile east and one mile north of Cass City, 
his present place of residence. He is a son of John and Mary ( Cenkel- 
man) Striffler, the former of whom was born near Lancaster, Erie 
county. New York, of German lineage, and the latter of whom was born 
in the kingdom of Wurtemburg, Germany. The father was reared to 
manhood in the old Empire state and there he learned the trade of car- 
penter. In 1850 he came to Michigan and numbered himself among the 
pioneers of Tuscola county, where he obtained a tract of wild land, in 
Elkland township, and where he instituted the reclamation of a farm of 
forty acres, in the meanwhile finding much requisition for his services as 
a carpenter, at Cass City and other points in this section. He was num- 
bered among the very early settlers of the county and he erected, for 
William Clark, the first frame store-building in Cass City, besides having 
done much other important work tending to advance the upbuild.ing 
and progress of the village and county. He was identified with lum- 
bering operations for a number of years and threw himself fully into 
the strenuous work involved in the development of a new country. 
He has ever commanded inviolate place in popular esteem and he is 
todav honored as one of the sterling pioneer citizens of the county in 
which he has long maintained his home and in which he has served in 
various township offices. He was born March 15, 1833, and his devoted 
wife, who was born May 22, 1839, was summoned to the life eternal 
on the 4th of May, 1913; he is now living retired in Cass City. (3f 
the seven children, six are still living: Emaline is the wife of .Archi- 
bald Mark, and they reside on the old Striffler homestead ; George A., 
of this review, was the next in order of liirth ; Salome, who resides in 
Cass City, is the widow of William Bein : Miss Martha has supervi- 
sion of the domestic economies of her father's home, in Cass City ; 
Esther is the wife of William R. Kaiser, of this place : and David A. 
is now a resident of Columbus, Georgia. 

George A. Striffler was reared on the homestead farm and well 
recalls the conditions and incidents of the pioneer days in Tuscola county. 
After attending the district school he continued his studies in the public 
schools of Cass City, and he was about thirty-two years of age when he 
went to the city of Detroit, to learn the trade of steam-fitting, in the 
Michigan Central car shops. He completed his apprenticeship and then 
returned to Cass City, where he has since been successfully engaged in 
the implement business, as the successor of his cousin, Jacob H. Striffler, 
who founded the enterprise many years ago, so that it is the oldest busi- 
ness of its kind in Tuscola county, even as it is the largest in Cass City, 
with equipment and facilities of the best type. The original firm was 
J. H. Striffler & Company, and the present firm was first Striffler & 
McDermott and is now composed of George A. Striffler and Charles E. 
Patterson. The firm deals in all kinds of farm implements and machinery 
as well as in buggies, carriages and wagons, the trade of the concern 
being widely disseminated and its reputation being of the highest. Mr. 
Striffler has recently completed in Cass City a handsome and thoroughly 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1823 

modern house of twelve rooms, the same being the family home and one 
of the most attractive in the village, even as it is one of the most hospit- 
able, — a center of much of the social activity of the community. An 
appreciable part of the timber utilized in the erection of this building 
was taken from land owned by Mr. Striffler and is of growth that has 
been made since the disastrous forest fires which swept this section in 
1871. Mr. Striffler himself found satisfaction in assisting in the sawing 
of the logs into the lumber and shingles for his fine new residence. 

Like other representatives of the family Mr. Striffler stands exponent 
of progressiveness and public spirit, and he is one of the loyal and liberal 
citizens of his native county. He was a Republican until the formation 
of the Progressive party, in 1912, when he transferred his allegiance to 
the new organization. He has not been ambitious for public office but 
has served as township treasurer. He is affiliated with the local organi- 
zation of the Knights of the Maccabees, and his wife, who is a leader in 
the social life of the community, is a member of the Woman's Literary 
and Study Club, besides being a devoted communicant of the Protestant 
Episcopal church. 

In the year 1900 Mr. .Striffler wedded Miss Cora Belle Home, of 
Manitowoc, Wisconsin, where she was born and reared, and they have 
one son, Ervine Albert, who was born in Cass City, on the 27th of 
March, 1906. 

Nathan Goodwill Davis. The late Nathan Goodwill Davis, one of 
the pioneers of Michigan, who died on March 20, i88g, was a New 
Yorker by birth, his natal day having been January 22, 1830, so that he 
was just past fifty-nine years of age when death claimed him. He was 
a son of Ezra and Theodosia (Goodwill) Davis, and he came to Jackson, 
Michigan, with his parents when yet a babe in arms, this city represent- 
ing his home from then until the day of his passing, though in his latter 
years he spent a good deal of time in the south and west. At one time 
he spent three years away from Jackson, that time being passed in Kan- 
sas, Colorado and California, though he continued to retain his Jackson 
home and other interests throughout that period. He was in search of 
health when on these peregrinations, and always, when his condition 
permitted it, he would return to Jackson, his home city, and the place 
where he best loved to be. 

When the Davis family first came to Jackson, they settled on a farm, 
which in later years came to be known as the Thomas Kent farm, in the 
southern part of the city, much of Jackson as it stands today being built 
upon what was in bygone years the Davis farm and home. 

As a mere lad, Nathan Goodwill Davis went to work in a grocery 
store for Charles L. Mitchell, in a clerking capacity, and he continued 
with Mr. Mitchell until he was old enough and sufficiently experienced 
to go into business for himself, when he opened a grocery store on his 
own responsibility. Thereafter for a long period of years Mr. Davis 
was counted among the leading grocers in the city, carrv'ing on both 
wholesale and retail activities. He built the block on the southeast cor- 
ner of Mechanic and Cortland streets, and for many years his grocery 
business was carried on in that building. 

Mr. Davis was a shrewd and capable business man, and he ac(|nired, 
in the passing years, the ownership of much other valuable property on 
Cortland street, between Mechanic and Francis streets, on both the north 
and south' sides, all of which, including the block where his business was 
located, is now the property of his widow and children. 

In the year 1874 Mr. Davis retired from the grocers- business and 
purchased the old Exchange Hotel, changing its name to the Davis 



1824 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

Hotel. The place then stood where now is located the building of the 
International Harvester Company. In moving into the hotel Mr. Davis 
was so unfortmiate as to contract a severe cold that developed into an 
acute attack of pleurisy, and though he lived for many years thereafter, 
he never regained his former strength and vigor, a fact that will account 
for his many journeys to the south and west in later years. 

On October 4, 1864, Mr. Davis was married to i\Iiss Elizabeth Jack- 
son, of Blackman, Jackson county, Michigan. She was born in Erie 
county, New York, on October 2~, 1847, coming to Michigan with her 
parents when she was seven years of age. Her father was Rodolph D. 
Jackson, and her mother's maiden name was Anna Meade. The mother 
died in New York state, prior to the removal of the family to this state. 
Rodolph Jackson married in later years ]\Iiss Alma Ferguson, who 
proved herself a kind and devoted step-mother to the four motherless 
children of his first wife. 

Three children were born to Mr. and Airs. Davis. Nathan G. Davis, 
Jr., was born July 2, 1869: Paul J., born February 4, 1886; and Bessie. 
The daughter died in infancy, and the two sons are residents of Jackson. 
The eldest son, Nathan G., was married on August 30, 1904, to Miss 
Lena G. Hoag, and they have two sons, — Paul J., born November 21, 
1907, and Jack H., born July 31, 1910. 

In 1890 the widow of Mr. Davis became the wife of the late Prof. 
Washington M. Skinner, formerly of Boston, Massachusetts, who was 
a talented musician and vocalist, and for many years was a prominent 
instructor and conductor of music. He died on January 31, 1912, without 
issue from this marriage. 

On February 11, 1909. the younger son of Nathan G. Davis was mar- 
ried to Miss Ina Wise. They have no children. 

Nathan G. Davis was a remarkably successful business man, as will 
be conceded by all who have any familiarity with his active career, and in 
the years of his business activity he accumulated a large fortune. 

He was fond of thoroughbred horses and on his fine farm near 
Jackson paid special attention to the breeding of trotting horses, becom- 
ing widely known for his success in that work. Some of the products 
of his stables became famous winners on American race tracks, among 
them being Frank Moscow, and Louis Napoleon Jr. Though he gave 
the most businesslike attention to that enterprise, it was really his recrea- 
tion, and about the only form of sport he indulged in. 

For many years Mr. Davis was recorded as one of the heaviest tax 
payers in Jackson. 

His widow, now the widow of Prof. Skinner, as has been noted 
previously, has her residence at No. 136 Lansing avenue, where she has 
one of the pleasing and desirable homes in the northwestern part of the 
city. 

George H. Clippert. Detroit has for a long period of years been 
a center for the manufacture of clay products and one of the oldest 
brickmakers in the city is George H. Clippert, whose career has been 
associated with brick manufacture for more than thirty years. His 
father before him was one of the earlier brickmakers, a prominent 
banker and active in official affairs. Mr. Clippert is now president of 
the George H. Clippert & Bro. Brick Company. 

George H. Clippert was born in Springwells. now a part of the city 
of Detroit, on March 24, i860. His parents were Conrad and Giristiana 
F. (Pfeifle) Clippert. They were both natives of Hesse-Cassell. Ger- 
many, where Conrad was born February 14, 1834. Brought to the United 
States in 1849, his family located at Springwells, and as a boy of fifteen. 






^^^.^f? 




HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1825 

first in the old country, he began working out a career which eventually 
made him one of the foremost men of Detroit. R. H. Hall was at that 
time and had for a number of years been engaged in the manufacture 
of brick at Springwells, and it was under him that Conrad Clippert 
learned the business and re:nained a faithful employe for more than 
twenty 3'ears, part of the time serving as foreman and as superintendent 
of the plant. In 1876 his long experience was converted into independent 
enterprise as a brick manufacturer, and in 1884 he was joined bv his 
two sons, George H. and Charles F., at which time the firm name became 
Conrad Clippert & Sons. For a number of years Conrad Clippert served 
as supervisor and in 1880 was elected to the office of sheriflf' of Wayne 
county, and re-elected in 1882. His election came on the Republican 
ticket, although at that time the county was normally Democratic, a fact 
which indicates his high personal popularity. In 1898 Conrad Clippert 
assumed the duties of vice-president of the Central Savings Bank of 
Detroit, and was an officer of that institution until his death in Jan- 
uary, igoi. 

George H. Clippert thus grew up in the atmosphere of business ac- 
tivity, and was liberally educated in the St. John's German school, the 
Patterson's private school for boys, and in Goldsmith's Business College. 
A retail grocery store in 1875 took him in as clerk, and a year later he 
began railroading as a fireman with the ^Michigan Central, and three 
years later was promoted to engineer. Leaving railroad service in 1883 
Mr. Clippert entered his father's office, and soon had an important share 
of the responsibilities and management in an industry which had been 
developed to large and prosperous proportions. As already mentioned, 
in 1884 he was taken in as a member of the firm of Conrad Clippert & 
Sons, and for the next ten years closely devoted his time and ability 
to brick manufacture. In 1894 the old firm was succeeded by that of 
George H. Clippert & Bro., and in 1899 was incorporated as the George 
H. Clippert & Bro. Brick Company, of which he is president and treas- 
urer; his brother, Charles F., is vice-president and general manager, 
and Harrison, a son of George H., is secretary. 

In allied activities and in public affairs Mr. Clippert has always 
manifested a public-spirited part. He is one of the leading members 
of the Detroit Builders' & Traders' Exchange, of which he has served 
as vice-president and as president in 1913 ; belongs to the Detroit Board 
of Commerce, and is a member of the board of directors of the \^'ayne 
County and Home Savings Bank. From 1907 to 1909 he was chairman 
of the Board of Control of the State Industrial Home for Girls. His 
fraternal affiliations are with Union Lodge of the Masonic Order, with 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Harmonic Society 
and the Detroit Athletic Club. 

C)n September 28, 1886, Mr. Clippert married Miss Flora A. Lyon, 
who was born in Detroit, a daughter of Adolph A. Lyon, a merchant 
tailor. The children are : Edna, Harrison, Phyllis. Helen and George. 

Thomas Hood. Fifty-three of the seventy-six years of the life of 
Thomas Hood have been connected with the city of Jackson, and except 
a few years of absence in foreign countries, have been spent in the midst 
of the stirring events of this city's activities and as a participant in its 
municipal, business and social growth. Although now living retired 
from active pursuits, he still takes a keen interest in aiTairs connected 
with the lumber trade, in which he was engaged for many years, and in 
the breeding of trotting horses, some of his animals having made his 
name known in various parts of the world. 

Thomas Hood, or "Rodney Hood" as he was affectionately known 



1826 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

by his numerous friends, was born at Pebles-on-the-T\veed, Scotland, 
his ancestors being Scotch Presbyterians. His natal date was July 20, 
1837, and he is a son of James and Belle (Rutherford) Hood. Air. Hood 
was given limited educational advantages, leaving school in his native 
land when he was twelve years old. following which he began to learn the 
trade of a miller, his father's occupation. When he was fifteen years of 
age his parents decided to come to America, and accordingly, in 1852, 
the family arrived in County Wellington, Province of Ontario, Canada. 
There the youth learned the trade of butcher, with an elder brother, and 
continued to be thus engaged in Canada until i860. In that year IMr. 
Hood migrated to the United States, and at once took up his home in 
Jackson, where he has continued to reside to the present date. He arrived 
in this city under rather unfavorable conditions, his cash capital con- 
sisting of fifty cents, but he was industrious and ambitious and soon 
secured employment with the firm of Ford & Lyon, who conducted a 
meat market. He first received wages of thirteen dollars a month, but 
after he had worked for three years his services had become so valuable 
to his employers that he was receiving one hundred dollars a month. His 
position was a congenial one and he was making good wages, but it had 
always been his desire to be at the head of a business of his own, and 
this ambition was realized in 1863, when, in partnership with John Watts, 
a friend, who also worked for Ford & Lyon, he established the firm of 
Hood & Watts, and commenced business in a meat market of his own, 
located on the present site of the Carter building. This venture was a 
success almost from the start and the partners did a prosperous business 
in handling meats and in eventually shipping cattle. In the next several 
vears, however, Mr. Hood became interested in sawmilling and lumber- 
ing, and finally he sold his interest in the market and stock business in 
order to concentrate his energies upon the new line. During the next 
twenty years he had large interests in the pine region of Northern Alichi- 
gan, but through it all maintained his home in Jackson. He still has an 
interest in a veneer factory at Big Rapids, Michigan. Mr. Hood's prudent 
and skillful management of his business afifairs yielded large profits, so 
that at the time of his retirement he had a comfortable competency. For 
years he was one of the best known breeders of harness horses in Michi- 
gan, and was also known as a campaigner. His breeding establishment 
was located one mile and a half from Jackson, and was known as Hamlet's 
Home Stock Farm, a tract of 160 acres, on which Mr. Hood built up 
one of the finest trotting horse breeding establishments in the state. At 
its head was the noted sire, "W. H. Cassidy," which was by "Young 
Jim," in tuni by "George Wilkes." Mr. Hood produced on this farm a 
number of trotters that afterward won laurels on the tracks of both 
America and Europe, and many of the trotters of the present day now 
campaigning in the United States, Europe and Africa, were bred on 
Hamlet's Home Stock Farm. On this farm was produced the famous 
colt "Thomas Hood," named after himself, which at the meeting of the 
Michigan Trotting Horse Association, held at Kalamazoo, in September, 
1912. won a cup which had been offered by the association to the Michi- 
gan breeder who could produce the winner of the three-year-old class, 
a cup of silver, beautifully engraved, and worth more than $200, although 
Mr. Hood values it far beyond that price. Mr. Hood is a popular mem- 
ber of the local lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He is 
a Democrat in politics, but public matters have not appealed to him and 
he has not sought public office. 

On December 27, 1864, Mr. Hood was married to Miss Maria Pond, 
daughter of the late C. C. Pond, during his day one of the wealthy and 
prominent citizens of Jackson. Mrs. Hood died May 15, 1886, having 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1827 

been the mother of two daughters now surviving, namely : Nettie Groom, 
who is now the wife of Wiley Reynolds, of Jackson; and Jessie M., who 
is the wife of Harry Bassett, of Flint, Michigan. Four children of Mr. 
Hood are dead, as follows : Etta Belle, George, William and James. 

Richard H. Fyfe. Of an old Scottish family, represented in Amer- 
ica since the beginning of the Revolutionary War, and identified with 
Michigan practically throughout the period of statehood, Mr. Richard 
H. Fyfe has himself for more than seventy years been a resident of 
Michigan, and as a citizen and business man of Detroit has for a long 
term of years enjoyed the fruit of larger success, and at the same time 
has devoted his exceptional ability to the welfare of his city and state. 
A few years before the war, Mr. Fyfe began his career in Detroit as a 
clerk in a shoe house. His advancement was in proportion to his remark- 
able ambition and industry, and for nearly forty years the firm of R. H. 
Fyfe & Company had a standing in the shoe business second to none. 
All his successes have been worthily won and the prosperity which his 
city has conferred upon him he has in many ways returned in disinter- 
ested and efficient citizenship. 

Richard Henry Fyfe was born at Oak Orchard, Orleans county. 
New York, January 5, 1839, a son of Claudius Liucius and Abigail (Gil- 
bert) Fyfe. The paternal ancestry goes back to sturdy and earnest 
Scotch and the great-grandfather was John Fiffe, of Fififeshire, Scotland. 
Grandfather John Fyfe w-as the first to adopt the present spelling of 
the name. Grandfather Fyfe was born and reared in Fiffeshire. where 
he received excellent educational advantages as measured by the stand- 
ards of that time. In 1775. the year in which the American Revolution 
began, he crossed the ocean and settled near Boston. Not long after- 
wards he volunteered for service in a Alassachusetts regiment, took part 
in the activities about Boston during the siege, and was a patriotic sol- 
dier, especially during the early years of the war. John Fyfe was a young 
man when he came to America, and on February i, 1786, married Miss 
Elizabeth Strong. Her ancestor, John Strong, was the founder of Dor- 
chester, Massachusetts, having emigrated from England in 1730. The 
Strong family has been one of special distinction in connection with 
American history, and it has been said "few families have had more 
educated or professional men among them." Soon after his marriage 
John Fyfe moved to Salisbury, Addison county, \^ermont, where he was 
one of the pioneers and lived there until his death on January I, 1813. 
His noble wife survived him nearly a quarter of a century, until Novem- 
ber, 1835. They became the parents of four sons and three daughters, 
and the youngest was Claudius Liucius. 

Claudius Liucius Fyfe, born in Addison county, Vermont, January 
3, 1798, was reared in a pioneer time and community, and his education 
was limited. He possessed the fine mentality which has been characteris- 
tic of the familv, and throughout his career was always considered a 
man of exceptional attainments in both mind and character. He was mar- 
ried on April 6, 1825, at Brandon, Vermont, to Miss .\higail Gilbert, 
whose parents were among the earliest settlers of Genesee county. New 
York. Mr. Fyfe continued a Vermont farmer until 1830, then brought 
his family to Knowlesville, Orleans county. New York, afterwards re- 
siding in Chautauqua county in the same state. In 1837. the year of 
Michigan's admission into the Union, he brought his family, but remained 
only a short time. His experience in' Michigan was sufficient to create 
a well defined longing for the west, and only a short time passed before 
he finally severed his ties with New York State, and became permanently 
identified with Michigan. He settled at Hillsdale, where he lived a long 



1828 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

and useful career until his death in 1881, when more than eighty years 
of age. He contributed much to the development and progress of his 
county, and was a man of prominence and influence. For a number of 
years he conducted a tannery, and owned large quantities of agricultural 
land in Hillsdale county. His wife died in ^lichigan in 1848. Both 
- were consistent members of the Presbyterian church. Their children 
comprised five daughters and one son^ the only survivor being Richard 
H. His sister Jennie, died October 20, 1913. 

Richard Henry- Fyfe was an infant when brought to Michigan, and 
all his early years were spent in Hillsdale county at the village of Litch- 
field. When he was eleven years old his father met financial reverses, 
which placed the family in somewhat straitened circumstances, and 
the only son at that age had to take up the serious responsibilities of self- 
support. His first employment was in a drug store conducted by Mott 
Brothers at Hillsdale, and he had a previous experience with a drug 
house at Kalamazoo. Thus the beginning of Mr. Fyfe's residence in 
Detroit was in the year 1857. j\Ir. T. K. Adams was at that time pro- 
prietor of a boot and shoe store, and hired young Fyfe as a clerk. Though 
his hours were long, there was much time when he was not engaged in 
waiting on trade and performing other duties, and he utilized this leisure 
by close reading and study, and in this way educated himself, and among 
his associates has never been considered in any wise deficient in educa- 
tional equipment. After six years with I\Ir. Adams, the young clerk 
took a similar place with the firm of Rucker & Morgan, in the same line 
of merchandise. He was an industrious worker and frugal in his living 
and habits, and by his economical diligence, 'by 1865, was able to pur- 
chase the stock and business of C. C. Tyler & Company, who had suc- 
ceeded his original employer, Mr. Adams. The establishment was at 
loi W'oodward avenue, and at this location a factory building was located 
in 1875 to afford adequate facilities for the- large trade which Mr. Fyfe 
had built up through his fair and honorable dealing and careful service. 
His record from 1865, was one of solid and consecutive growth, and for 
many years he has stood at the head of the custom and retail shoe trade 
in the Michigan metropolis. In 1881 he purchased the boot and shoe 
establishment of A. R. Morgan at 106 Woodward avenue, and for some 
time conducted that as a branch of his other store. In 1885 he established 
the present store at 185 Woodward avenue. Since 1875 the business has 
been conducted under the title of R. H. Fyfe & Company, and while Mr. 
Fyfe has had able assistance, the growth and solid success of the enter- 
prise has been due almost entirely to his own efforts and able manage- 
ment. In its equipment and facilities, the Fyfe establishment has no 
superior in Detroit, and thousands of customers in Detroit have for years 
regularly patronized this store, their continuous custom being the high- 
est possible compliment that could be paid to the fidelity and service 
rendered by Mr. Fyfe as a merchant. 

Successful as a business man Air. Fyfe has never been content with 
the more selfish enjoyment of his success, and has always been a liberal 
and public-spirited citizen, and has done all in his power to further the 
civic and industrial progress of his home city. He was one of those 
primarily concerned in the organization of the Citizens Savings Bank 
in 1890, and served as its vice president until 1898, at which time he was 
elected president, and continued until the bank was consolidated with the 
Dime Savings Bank, of which he is now a director. For several years 
Mr. Fyfe served as a member of the board of trustees of the ^Michigan 
Medical College and assisted in consolidating the institution with the 
Detroit Medical College under the title of the Michigan College of Medi- 
cine. He has since served as trustee of the latter institution, which is 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1829 

now one of the splendid educational centers of Michigan. Among other 
interests Mr. Fyfe is the owner of a large amount of valuable real estate 
in Detroit, and by improving his property has done much to advance the 
material upbuilding of the city. 

In politics a Republican, Mr. Fyfe has never been in any sense a 
politician, though his equipment for civic duties have been broad, and 
he has possessed both the knowledge of civic and economics and the 
capacity for judicious action which constitutes the ideal citizen of a 
democracy. ^Ir. and Mrs. Fyfe attend St. Paul's church, Protestant 
Episcopal, of which Mrs. Fyfe is a member. For a number of years 
Mr. Fyfe was a member and also president of the Detroit City Lighting 
Commission, and was president of the commission when the present 
lighting plant was constructed. At one time he served as president of 
the Detroit Municipal League, which rendered most valuable service in 
the cause of good municipal government. Mr. Fyfe has membership 
in the local organization of the New England Society, and the Sons of 
the American Revolution, having been president of the former, and was 
president of the latter in 1908. He belongs to the Detroit Board of 
Commerce, and has membership in the Detroit Club, the Lake St. Clair 
Shooting and Fishing Club, commonly known as the Old Club, and his 
name is associated with other civic and social organizations in the city. 

On October 27, 1868, he married Miss Abby Lucretia Albee Rice, 
who was born at Marlborough, Middlesex county, ^lassachusetts, where 
her father, Abraham W. Rice, was a prominent and influential citizen. 
Mrs. Fyfe for manv years has been a leader in church, charitable, benevo- 
lent and social activities in Detroit, and her beautiful home is recognized 
as a center for the cultured and refined activities of Detroit society. She 
has been vice-regent of the Society of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution, and was at one time regent of the Detroit chapter of that 
order. For some time she was vice-president of the Thompson Old 
Ladies Home, one of the noble institutions of Detroit, and for more 
than a quarter of a century an honorary member of the governing board 
of the Protestant Orphans Home, of which for several years she was 
secretary. A number of her ancestors were soldiers in the Continental 
lines during the War of the Revolution, and this fact and her own actual 
interest in such matters has caused her to be a thorough student of early 
American annals. She was at one time president of the Michigan organi- 
zation of Mount Vernon Society, a society which is credited with having 
preserved the old homestead of General Washington. She was for a time 
president of the Michigan branch of the society, and has also been presi- 
dent of the Detroit Society of Colonial Dames. [Mr. and Mrs. Fyfe have 
no children. 

William R. Brown. Though the late William R. Brown reached 
the unusual age of ninety-two years, it is a fact worthy of mention that 
up to a very few months prior to his passing, he was to be found daily 
at his desk, directing the affairs of his insurance business at his office 
in Jackson. In May, 1911, the state of his health grew to be so unsatis- 
factory that he settled up his affairs, sold his business, and retired. 
He passed away at his home on October 13, iQii, and there were and yet 
are, many who mourn his loss from their midst. 

William R. Brown was born in Stratford, New Hampshire, on 
December 14, 1819. and had his education in Lancaster Academy. In 
the year 1856 he first embarked in the insurance business, devoting him- 
self to fire and marine lines, and locating in Boston, ]\Iassachusetts._ He 
advanced rapidly in insurance circles, and later on he was appointed 
president of the' National Insurance Company of Jersey City, New Jer- 



1830 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

sey. He continued at the head of that company mitil the outbreak of 
the Civil War, when he was appointed to the post of agent to care for 
the wounded soldiers sent from the front to their homes. He had his 
headquarters at Washington, D. C, and it is of record that because of 
his humane and kindly disposition he was regarded by the authorities as 
a most valuable man in that capacity. He continued to so serve until 
the close of the war, when he came to Jackson, ^Michigan, and this city 
was the scene of his activities from then until death claimed him. 

Mr. Brown witnessed the growth of this now thriving city from a 
small village, and it is not too much to say that he performed the full 
share of one man towards the growth and upbuilding of the city, and 
that a generous measure of credit is due him today as one who lived 
with the best interests of the city ever at his heart. 

Practically all his later life .Mr. Brown was a consistent and earnest 
Democrat, and when he was nominated for the office of sheriff in 1872, 
he was elected by a pleasing majority, though 1872 was a banner year 
for the Republican party in Jackson, and throughout the whole country. 
In 1872 he was re-nominated and again he had a victor>' that was a per- 
sonal tribute to his popularity as a man and citizen. In later years his 
party on many occasions urged him to stand for elections to various offices 
but Mr. Brown never would permit his name to stand again. He 
never regarded his political victories as in any way reflecting especial 
credit upon himself, and always felt that any other Democrat would 
have the same chance at the polls, — a supposition that actual happenings 
failed to substantiate on many occasions. 

In 1879 Mr. Brown engaged in the fire insurance business in Jack- 
son, and he continued in that field with all success for more than thirty- 
two vears, or until the infirmities attendant upon his age compelled him 
to withdraw from business, as already stated. 

Few men in Jackson were more popular than was Mr. Brown. He 
was a whole-souled and genial man, generous and kind, and he was one 
to whom an appeal for aid never went unnoticed. 

Mr. Brown was married in Boston, Massachusetts, on April 20, 1845, 
to Mary M. Hadley, who survived him for a brief time, passing away 
on Christmas day, 1912. when she was eighty-seven years of age. They 
had lived together in wedded happiness for more than sixty years, and 
celebrated their sixtieth wedding anniversary in 1905. Their only living 
child is Mrs. W. D. Ford, of this city. ^Mrs. Georgina Brown Ford was 
born in the old Marlborough Hotel in Boston, on March 30, 1846, and she 
was nineteen years of age when she accompanied her parents to Jack- 
son. This city has represented her home from then to the present time. 
Her marriage to Whitman D. Ford occurred in 1863, and concerning 
that worthy gentleman, who died on October 12, 1907, brief mention is 
here made as follows: Whitman D. Ford was born at Colerain, Massa- 
chusetts, on April 30, 1838. but in early life moved to Saratoga county. 
New York, where he spent several years. In 1863 he married Miss 
Georgina Brown, then seventeen years of age, and one year later they 
came to Jackson, which city continued to be their home. 

Mr. Ford was an expert bookkeeper in his youth, and not long after 
he came to Jackson he associated himself with the music house of R. D. 
Bullock, where he continued as auditor and general accountant for more 
than twenty years. He spent thirteen years in South Dakota, looking 
after some mining properties in which he had an interest, and finally 
returning to Jackson, where he took up his residence again, and con- 
tinuing here up to the time of his death. 

Four children were born to Mr. and Airs. Ford, — William R.. who 
died in 1868: Samuel W., a resident of Chicago; Frank C, who sue- 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1831 

ceeded to his grandfather's business in this city, and Mrs. \V. W. Todd, 
also a resident of Jackson. 

Mr. Ford was sixt_v-nine years of age when he passed away, and a 
residence of more than forty years within the city had been sufficient to 
estabhsh him firmly in the confidence and esteem of the best people of 
the community. His widow has a host of genuine friends in and about 
Jackson, and other members of the family here resident have prominent 
places in the business and social life of the city. 

John H. Johnson. President of the Peninsular State Bank of De- 
troit, John H. Johnson has been identified with that one institution for 
twenty-five years, covering almost the entire period of its existence, and 
his progress has taken him from teller to executive head. He is one of 
Detroit's best known bankers and business men. 

Born in Detroit March i8, i860, a son of Jacob and Ann (Dolan) 
Johnson, early residents of Detroit, his youth was spent in his native city, 
and both public and private schools supplied his early education. In 
1879 he found his first place in the business world as an employee of a 
wholesale dry goods house, and was with that firm for ten years. In 
1889 the Peninsular State Bank, which had been only recently organized, 
made Air. Johnson its teller, and since then his promotion has been 
steadily upward. In 1891 he was made assistant cashier, became cashier 
in 1806, and since 1907 has had the executive management of the bank 
as its president. 

Mr. lohnson is also a director of the Security Trust Company of 
Detroit, and a director in the River Rouge Savings and Dearborn State 
Banks. In the Detroit Board of Commerce he has served both as a 
director and as treasurer, and has a large acquaintance among the mem- 
bers of the American Bankers Association, in which organization he has 
served as president of the Savings Bank Section, and also on the execu- 
tive committee. His social relations are with the Detroit Club, the De- 
troit Golf Club, the Detroit Fishing and Hunting Club, and the Knights 
of Columbus, his church being the Catholic. On May 26, 1886, Mr. 
Johnson married Miss Frances M. AIcGrath of Detroit, who died in 
October, 191 2. One daughter was born of that union, Grace E. 

J.\MEs Carey. The life record of the late James Carey is that of a 
man who worked his way upward through the medium of his own exer- 
tions, and whose rise was aided by no fortuitious chance or circumstance. 
His life was one of industry and perseverance, and for many years he 
was one of the most trusted employes of the Michigan Central Railroad, 
and was equally prominent as an influential representative of that power- 
ful organization, the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers. In Jackson, 
where Air. Carey made his home for nearly thirty-seven years, he is 
remembered as a loval and public-spirited citizen, who took an interest in 
the growth and development of his city, and who at all times proved him- 
self an excellent neighbor and a loyal friend. 

Mr. Carey was born July 27, 1847. and the greater part of his boy- 
hood was spent in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. His educational advantages 
were not numerous nor extensive, for when still a lad he laid aside his 
books to enter upon his career as a railroad man, liis first occupation 
being that of newsboy, on trains plying between Alihvaukee and Chicago. 
Later, when he had grown to sturdy young manhood, he secured a posi- 
tion as locomotive fireman, from which capacity he rose to engineer on 
a switch engine in the Chicago yards, and in 1871 came to Jackson, Michi- 
gan, having secured a position as engineer on the Michigan Central Rail- 
road. For thirtv years Mr. Carey handled the throttle for this road, 



1832 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

first on freight engines and later on a passenger locomotive, his run 
being principally between Michigan City, Indiana, and Jackson, Michi- 
gan. In Sejnember, 1903, after a long, faithfnl and honorable ser\-ice, 
he was retired by his company with a pension of fifty dollars per month. 
From that time forward he continued to live a quiet, luieventful life 
until his death, which occurred June 30, 1908. Air. Carey was a promi- 
nent Alason, having risen to the Knight Templar degree, and also be- 
longed to the Order of Eastern Star. He early became prominent in the 
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, and his abilities were soon recog- 
nized by his election to offices of trust and responsibility. For a long 
period he was chairman of the general adjustment board of all the New 
York Central lines, was chairman of the grievance committee of the local 
division of the Brotherhood for many years, and on numerous occasions 
was sent as a delegate to the national conventions of that body. A stanch 
Democrat in his political vie\vs, he was always a hard worker in behalf 
of his party, and served two terms as alderman from the Sixth Ward. 

On January i, 1877, he was married to Mrs. Annie Jones, then of 
Jackson. Alichigan, but formerly of Homer, Michigan. She was born 
Annie Mills, near Hillsdale, Michigan, January 31, 1847, the daughter of 
Orrin and Sarah (Westfall) Mills. Her father, a farmer, was born in 
New York state, but spent the greater part of his life in Homer and near 
Hillsdale and Albion, ^Michigan. He died at the home of ]\Irs. Carey, 
in Jackson, December 9, 1878, and the mother also passed away at the 
home of her daughter, October 29, 1909. By her first husband, William 
Jones, ]\Irs. Carey had one daughter, Alary R., now the wife of Malcolm 
L. Alinkler, of Jackson, and the mother of one son, James Edgar Alinkler, 
aged twenty-two years. There were no children bom to Mr. and Airs. 
Carey. Airs. Carey, who surv^ives her husband, is well known in Jackson, 
residing at No. 1015 East Alain street, is a member of the Order of East- 
ern Star and of the Ladies' Auxiliary of the Brotherhood of Locomotive 
Engineers. 

Louis B. King. Of names that have been closely associated with the 
business enterprise of Detroit during the past seventy years few are 
better known and have a higher standing in business and trade circles 
than that of King. The L. B. King & Company is the largest glass and 
china house in the city of Detroit, and the father of the president of 
the company laid the foundation of the business many years ago in 
this city. Louis B. King was born in Detroit on December 4, 1851, a 
son of the late Robert W. King. The King family has been in America 
for more than a century and a half, and originated in the north of 
Ireland. From that country in 1756 came over the first American an- 
cestor, Robert King, who settled in Northumberland county, Penn- 
sylvania. Later he took part on the American side in the war of the 
Revolution, first with the rank of lieutenant and later as captain. Robert 
King had a forte as a skillful dealer and negotiator with the Indian 
tribes, and exercised much influence over them. For his services in 
forming treaties with the various Indian tribes he was granted a large 
tract of land by the government in Erie county, Pennsylvania. He 
finally settled on that land, and was one of the pioneers in the extreme 
northwestern section of the state. His body now rests in the cemetery 
at \^'aterford, in Erie county. A son of this American patriot was 
John King, who was born in Pennsylvania. He married Charlotte Lytle, 
and among their children was Robert W. King, father of Louis B. 
Robert W. King was born at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in October. 1821, 
was educated at \\'ashington and Jefferson College, and began his busi- 
ness career at Pittsburgh. In 1842 he moved west and established his 




ROBERT W . KING 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1833 

home at Detroit, where in 1849 he entered business on his own account, 
establishing the house which has since become the large china and glass- 
ware firm of L. B. King & Company. As a business man the late Robert 
King was for many years regarded as one of the most successful leaders 
in the local trade. His life was equally useful as a citizen, and he de- 
voted much of his time to public affairs, lending his support to everv 
undertaking designed to promote the welfare and larger prosperity of 
the growing city. For many years he was foreman in the old Fifth 
Ward Volunteer Engine Company, was president of the Young Men's 
Society, was president of the Detroit Board of Education, president of 
the Detroit Board of Estimates, and one of the original trustees of the 
Harper Hospital, being a member of the latter board at the time of his 
death. His church was the Congregational. 

The late Robert W. King married •Elizabeth Buhl. She was born 
in Butler county, Pennsylvania, adjoining the county in which her hus- 
band was l)orn, although they first became acquainted in Detroit. Her 
residence in Detroit dated from 1836, she having come to the western 
city to attend school, where she made her home with her brother, the 
late Frederick Buhl. Mr. King died in December, 1897, and his wife 
in December, 191 1, at the age of eighty-eight years. 

I.ouis B. King received his education in the Detroit public schools, 
and the University of Michigan, being a graduate from the latter with 
the class of 1874, Bachelor of Science. His business career began as 
soon as he had left the halls of the State University, and he entered 
his father's crockery store, where in 1878 he was taken into partner- 
ship. In 1894 the business was incorporated as the L. B. King & Com- 
pany. For a number of years he was secretary of this corporation, and 
since June, 1907, has been its president. 

In Detroit civic and social circles Mr. King is especiall>- well known 
through his membership in various organizations. He belongs to the 
Sons of the American Revolution, is a Delta Kappa Epsilon of the 
University of Michigan, has membership in the Detroit Athletic Clul) 
(new), in the Fellowcraft and Detroit Golf Clubs. 

On March 14, 1883, at Greenwich, New York, Mr. King married 
Miss Jennie Reed Carpenter, daughter of Benoni G. Carpenter. For a 
period' of thirty years her father was general agent of the Home Eife 
Insurance Company of New York City. To Mr. and Mrs. King have 
been born the following children : Dorothea King, Ralph Benjamin 
King, now vice president of the L. B. King & Company : Robert Kent 
King, also connected with the L. B. King & Company ; Janet Elizabeth 
King; and Francis Carpenter King. 

Gideon Vivier. The late Gideon Vivier was one of Detroit's well- 
known and highly honored citizens who for over forty years was identi- 
fied with the various commercial and industrial interests of the city, 
but who, in spite of the numerous business activities that claimed his 
attention, found time to be a leading churchman, and a strong advocate 
of temperance, and to contribute greatly to the welfare of his community 
in his work in moral and religious causes. Born of French Roman Catho- 
lic parents, Mr. Vivier early in life turned to the Protestant faith and 
while still a lad in his 'teens was converted and baptized in the Detroit 
river, at the foot of Hastings street, by the Rev. R. B. DesRoches. then 
home missionary to the French people of this section, and joined the 
French Baptist church. He was afterward a member of the First Bap- 
tist church, but later in life became a member of Grand River Baptist 
church, where, as deacon and trustee, he spent over a quarter of a century 
in earnest and zealous church work. Always an ardent temperance man. 



1834 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

he became one of the early members of the prohibition party and to the 
cause of that organization gave freely of his time and means. For a 
number of years his name always appeared on that party's ticket for one 
office or another, local and state, not that he sought preferment or be- 
lieved that he would be elected, but from a sense of duty to his principles 
and as an example an influence to others. His was a strong character and 
during his long and useful life he was able to render signal service to his 
communitv and its people. 

Gideon Vivier was a native of the Province of Quebec, Canada, hav- 
ing been born at St. Phillipe, near the city of Quebec, January 3. 1836. 
When he was still a boy his parents removed from Canada to Perry's 
Mills, on Lake Champla'in, Clinton county, Xew York. His father and 
grandfather before him had been brick-mason contractors, and so he 
naturally drifted to that occupation, as have his sons and grandsons. In 
1852 he went to Windsor, Canada, and there learned the brick-mason 
trade and worked at that occupation there for several years. Later he 
returned to Pern-'s Mills, Xew York, and there was married, March 3, 
1862, to Miss Clara Hicks, who was born in Lower Quebec, Canada, in 
August, 1830. With their first two sons, Mr. and Mrs. \'ivier came to De- 
troit in 1869 and soon afterwards Mr. \'ivier became a mason contractor. 
For nearlv fortv years he was one of Detroit's leading contractors, dur- 
ing which period he erected many of the leading buildings of the city. 
He retired from active business operations in 1907, and died at his home 
in Detroit, Februarv 28, 1912. Mrs. \"ivier survived him until March 
5th. of the same year, when she followed him, their deaths occurring 
within a week's time. Gideon \'ivier and his wife became the parents of 
three sons and two daughters, as follows: Walter S.. George A., and 
lohn, who are all engaged in contracting in Detroit; Ida, who is the wife 
of Harvey B. Auger, of this city; and Ruth, who is the wife of George 
B. Wadham. Jr., of Detroit. 

Walter Samuel \'ivier, son of Gideon and Clara (Hicks) \ ivier, 
and one of the leading contractors of Detroit, was born at Perry's Mills, 
on Lake Champlain, Clinton county, New Y^ork, September 6, 1863, and 
was a lad of six years when he accompanied his parents to Detroit. Here 
he secured his early education in the public schools, which he attended 
until he reached the age of thirteen years, and then went to work, al- 
though he still continued his education as a student in the night school. 
His first work was as a printer's ^'devil'' in the offices of the Michigan 
Christian Herald, where he devoted about two years to learning the print- 
ing trade, but gave up his position there to become a parcel boy for 
Xewcomb, Endicott & Company, a position he held for six months, at 
a time when the store of that concern w-as located in the old opera house 
building. Following this, Mr. \'ivier became a clerk in the ticket ac- 
counting department of the Michigan Central Railway, where he re- 
mained four or five years, and then accepted a position at St. Paiil, 
Minnesota, with the Northern Pacific Railway, spending a few months in 
that city. On his return to Detroit, in 1883. Mr. \'ivier began work 
for his father as a brick-mason, and two years later, so faithful and 
industrious had he been, he was admitted to partnership, under the firm 
style of Gideon X'ivier & Son, mason contractors. In 1889, however. Mr. 
\'ivier entered the office of the firm of Donaldson & IVIaier. architects 
of Detroit, as their superintendent of construction, continuing there five 
vears, during which time he advanced himself in the line of experience 
as a master builder and also learned a good deal about the subject of 
architecture. ^Ir. \'ivier entered upon mason contracting on his own 
account in 1894, and during the twenty years that have followed he has 
continued to be so engaged, his work being along the lines of residences, 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1835 

stores, churches, hotels and factories. It would not be possible in a 
limited sketch of this character to enumerate fully the structures erected 
by Air. \"ivier, but among them may be mentioned the following: Wel- 
lington, Manhattan, \'alencia. Hazard, Sargossa, Cromwell, Charles, 
Prentis, LaSalle, LaAIotte, Belleview, Franklin and Linfield apartment 
buildings; Hotel TuUer, Hees-Macfarlane Company, Detroit Lubricator 
Company, Hayes Manufacturing Company, Detroit Foundry Company, 
Central Storage Company, National Cutlery Company, E. M. F. Automo- 
bile Company and Timken-Detroit Axle Company factories. During 
the entire thirty years that Mr. Vivier has been engaged in mason con- 
tracting he has advocated the "open shop" and has never had a strike. 
He is a man of keen discernment, who readily solves intricate business 
problems and recognizes and utilizes opportunities in a manner that has 
won him the utmost confidence of his associates. He is a member of the 
Detroit Builders and Traders Exchange, of which he is ex-treasurer and 
ex-director, and a member of the Detroit Board of Commerce. He was 
formerly trustee and treasurer of the Grand River Baptist church, and 
is now a member of the Woodward Avenue Ilaptist Church, in the work 
of which he has taken an active and helpful interest. 

Mr. Vivier married Miss Jennie Clarke, who was born at Aylmer, 
Ontario, Canada, and they have two sons : Norman Clarke and Harold 
Walter. 

John G. R.-ksev. Bv his election in igi2 to the office of sheriff of 
Newavgo county, John G. Rasey was confirmed in the high esteem which 
has long been accorded him as a farmer and business man of this part of 
Michigan. Mr. Rasey has lived here nearly all his life, and the same 
qualities of efficiency and fairness which characterize him as a business 
man, has been introduced into his administration in his present important 
position. 

John G. Rasey was born in DeKalb county, Illinois, October 27, 1866, 
a son of John G. and Eveline (Bunce) Rasey. The paternal grandparents 
were Joseph and Phoebe (Green) Rasey, natives of New York, who 
aftervvard moved out to Illinois, where Grandfather Rasey died at the 
extreme age of ninety-nine years, while his wife attained the venerable 
age of ninety vears. He was a substantial farmer during his active life. 
Grandfather' Bunce was born in New York, was a farmer in that state, 
and married Lovina (Oatman) who survived him and lived to the age of 
ninetv. John G. Rasey, Sr., who was born in New York, June 9, 1823, 
is still living, past ninety, and makes his home alternately in the city of 
Chicago, and at White Cloud, with his son. The mother was born Aug- 
ust 9, 1838, and died July 12, 1894, having been killed in an accident 
caused by a runaway horse. After their marriage in New York, the 
parents moved out to Illinois in 1864, settling on a rented farm, and the 
father managed the place, and at the same time taught school. In 1872 
he moved to Michigan, buying a farm near Fremont, and continued his 
work as a teacher and farm'er for many years. He was active in the Bap- 
tist church, and superintendent of Sunday School work, was a Democrat 
in politics, for manv years held the offfce of justice of the peace, and was 
township commissioner of schools for a long time. He and his wife had 
twelve children, nine of whom are living, and John G. Rasey, Jr., is the 
sixth in order of birth. 

Sheriff Rasey grew up in the states of Illinois and Michigan, getting 
most of his education while a boy on the home farm near Fremont. The 
first seventeen years of his life was spent on a farm, and he then, as a 
result of natural aptitude and inclination went into the stock business, 
and soon developed a large custom in the buying and shipping of live 



1836 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

stock. That was his steady vocation for fifteen years. Mr. Rasey owns 
property in Fremont, and his career has been one of successful achieve- 
ment. Since his election to the office of sheriff in 1912 on the Republican 
ticket, he has given all his time to his official duties. For a number of 
years he has been a worker for the Republican party, and fraternally is 
affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. His wife is a 
member of the IMethodist church at White Cloud. In 1895 'Sir. Rasey 
married Miss Alice Tibbitts. a daughter of Benjamin and Lucinda Tib- 
bitts. Her father was born in Canada, and her mother in Pennsylvania, 
but lived in Michigan as substantial farming people for half a century. 

John J. SiiOLENSKi. It is a rare occurrence for a young attorney 
entering upon the practice of his profession to achieve instantaneous and 
striking success. The path that leads to a large and representative prac- 
tice is in the great majority of cases a long, w^eary and tortuous one. But 
each rule has its exceptions. The young attorney whose career is briefly 
sketched in this review, John J. Smolenski, although one of the younger 
members of the bar of Grand Rapids, has, nevertheless, in the few brief 
years that he has practiced his calling, attained an eminence that places 
him well in the van as a prominent and successful legist. 

Mr. Smolenski was born in Grand Rapids, Michigan, May 18, 1888, 
and is a son of Stanley and Rose (Cukerski) Smolenski, natives respec- 
tively of Russian Poland and German Poland, both born in 1859. They 
were married in German Poland in 1887, and in the following year emi- 
grated to the United States, settling in Grand Rapids, where Stanley 
Smolenski has since been engaged in cabinet-making. Airs. Smolenski 
died in 1S95, having been the mother of three children: John J.; Cas- 
meria, who is the wife of W. J. Jarka, of Alanistee, Michigan ; and 
Michael S., who is successfully engaged in the grocery business in Grand 
Rapids. The father is a faithful member of St. Adalbert's Polish Catho- 
lic church, in the faith of which the children w-ere reared. 

Like his brother and sister, John J. Smolenski was granted good edu- 
cational advantages by a father who realized the benefits to be derived 
from thorough schooling. After completing the prescribed course in the 
grammar schools of Grand Rapids, he entered the high school here, and 
when he graduated, in 1906. expressed a predilection for the law as the 
field in which to work out his life's success. Accordingly, he was sent to 
the University of Michigan, from the law department of which institu- 
tion he was graduated in 1910, and at once was admitted to the bar and 
began his practice in the city prosecutor's office. Since that time he has 
acted in the capacity of assistant prosecuting attorney, a capacity in 
which he has been connected with a number of important cases of juris- 
prudence. Mr. .Smolensk! has one of the largest Polish practices in the 
western part of Michigan. Even before he had completed his law course 
in the universitv he began accepting cases from Polish clients, giving ad- 
vice and counsel, and settling their minor difficulties in a manner that won 
him the universal confidence and esteem of the people of this race. The 
Polish practice of the cities of Ludington. Alanistee. Grand Rapids and 
numerous other cities of Western Michigan is given to him,. but, while the 
greater part of his time is given to this, he also has an excellent profes- 
sional business with people of other races. He has w'on the wholesome 
respect of his fellow-memljers at the bar in a number of hard-fought cases, 
not alone by reason of his Ijroad knowledge and inherent ability, but be- 
cause of his strict adherence to the unw-ritten ethics of his calling. 

Mr. Smolenski is a Republican, but his only public office has been 
that which he now holds. He takes a keen and active interest in all that 
affects the w-elfare of his native citv and has been able to contribute 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1837 

helpfully to its prosperity. Fraternally, he is connected with the Knights 
of Columbus, and he also holds membership in the Grand Rapids Boat 
and Canoe Club of this city, while his religious affiliation is with the 
Catholic church. Mr. Smolenski is unmarried. 

Louis Larsen. The hardest kind of manual labor introduced the 
career of Mr. Larsen in Newaygo county, and having demonstrated his 
ability to_ earn an honest living he subsequently became a source in busi- 
ness affairs and also in community life, and in addition to the acquisition 
of much property is the honored incumbent of the office of postmaster 
at Newaygo and has held other positions of trust from his fellow citizens. 

Louis Larsen is a native of Denmark, born at Aalbok, July 7, 1864. 
His father was Lars Christensen, and after the fashion of "that country 
the^ son took his father's first name with the addition of the suffix indi- 
cating that he is a son of Lars. The mother's name was Lena Christen- 
sen. Both parents were born and spent all their lives in Denmark where 
the father was a farmer, and it is an interesting fact that for many years 
he held the postoffice at Aalbok. They were members of the Lutheran 
church, and the father was a man of considerable means. They had 
four children, Louis being the youngest. Anna is married and lives in 
Denmark ; Christian is also in Denmark ; and Hans remains in his native 
land. 

Louis Larsen had such educational opportunities as are presented to 
the average Danish youth, finishing his studies at the age of fourteen 
and then beginning work under his father in the postoffice. After four 
years in that service, he attempted to join the army, but his services were 
not accepted and hoping to find better opportunities in the new world, 
he came to America at the age of nineteen and settled at Newaygo. He 
found employment in the lumber yards, and also for a time cut logs in 
the woods. A number of years were spent in various operations of lum- 
bering, and gradually he worked himself to places of larger responsibili- 
ties. He became assistant superintendent of a cement plant, and for 
some time had charge of the Converse Manufacturing Company. Some 
seven or eight years were spent in the cement business, and he then en- 
gaged in the produce, coal, flour, feed trade, which he developed to 
prosperous proportions. While Mr. Larsen came to Newaygo with only 
three dollars in cash capital, he has been steadily forging to the front, 
and now has varied interests in local properties and atlairs. He has 
served as city clerk and township clerk, as justice of the peace and since 
1909 has held the office of postmaster. He has been one of the leaders 
in Republican politics in Xewaygo county. 

In 1S84 Mr. Larsen married Lena Larsen, who was born in Denmark. 
They were married at Newaygo and have become the parents of three 
children : Charles, who is an electrician, living at Grand Rapids ; Arthur, 
who is bookkeeper and has charge of a collecting agency at San Fran- 
cisco, California ; Laura, clerk in the postoffice under her father. The 
father attended the Lutheran church and Mr. Larsen is affiliated with 
Newaygo Lodge, No. 131, A. F. & A. M., and with the Modern \\'oodmen 
of America. 

John W. Fifield. A popular and able representative of the news- 
paper fraternity in Kent county, Mr. Fifield is editor and publisher of 
the Sparta Scnt'mcl-Lcadcr, which proves an eft'ective exponent of local 
interests and is one of the model weekly papers of the state of Michigan. 
Mr. Fifield is known as one of the most loyal and public-spirited citizens 
of the village of Sparta, and there he has exerted most benignant in- 
fluence in the furtherance of enterprises and measures that have con- 



1838 • HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

served the best interests of the commuity. He is a practical newspaper 
man of varied experience and through his own efforts, in connection with 
the "art preservative of all arts," he has achieved definite and worthy 
success. 

Mr. Fifield is a native of the fine old Wolverine State and is a scion 
of one of its honored pioneer families, the while these conditions have 
intensified his loyalty to and appreciation of this favored commonwealth. 
He was born in Macomb county, Michigan, on the 13th of June, 1867, 
and is a son of John and Abigail (Knappj Fifield, both of whom were 
natives of New Hampshire, where they were born and reared and where 
their marriage was solemnized, the respective families, of English origin, 
having been founded in New England in the colonial era of our national 
history. Soon after his marriage John Fifield came to Michigan and 
established his home at Memphis, Macomb county, near which village he 
became the owner of a tract of land which he developed into one of the 
valuable farms of that section of the state. He continued to reside in 
Macomb county until his death, which occurred in 1873, the year of his 
nativity having been 1827, as was it also that of his wife. Mrs. Fifield 
long survived her honored husband and was eighty-one years of age at 
the time of her death, in 1908. He was a Democrat in his political pro- 
clivities and both he and his wife were zealous members of the Congre- 
gational church. Of their eight children four are living. Alma E. is 
the wife of Bela W. Jenks, who is a representative citizen of Harbor 
Springs, Michigan, where he is engaged in the banking and the mercan- 
tile business; Franc C. is the widow of D. L. Van Marter, and resides in 
the city of Detroit; and Addie is the wife of Frederick H. Krause, of 
Bellefontaine, Ohio, her husband being superintendent of an electrical 
company in that and two other states. . 

John W. Fifield was aft'orded the advantages of the public schools of 
Mempliis, in his native county, and of the high school at Harbor Beach, 
Huron county. As a youth he served as clerk in a general store and later 
he served a thorough apprenticeship at the printer's trade. He was em- 
ployed for some time in the office of Tribune-Times in the city of Port 
Huron and later was similarly associated with the Free Press and News 
in the city of Detroit, besides working for a time also on the Detroit Tri- 
biiiic. In the metropolis of his native state he finally engaged in the job- 
printing business and later he was there employed as an editor in the office 
of the Western Newspaper Union, his incidental duties including work as 
proofreader. For four years he was editor and publisher of a paper at 
Deerfield, Lenawee county, and thereafter he was a resident of Detroit 
until the death of his wife. 

In 1909 Mr. Fifield established his residence in Sparta, one of the most 
attractive and_ thriving towns of Kent county, and here he purchased the 
plant and business of the Sparta Sentincl-Lcadcr , of vi'hich he has since 
been editor and publisher and which he has brought up to a high standard, 
the paper now having a circulation of more than 2,000 and the equipment 
of both the newspaper and job departments of the plant being of marked 
superiority. Mr. Fifield has built up a satisfactory advertising and job- 
printing business, and in the latter field he does an appreciable amount of 
fine work for Grand Rapids business men. 

Mr. Fifield is known as a stalwart and efifective exponent of the prin- 
ciples and policies of the Republican party and he has served in various 
township and village offices. He is affiliated with the \Voodmen of the 
World, and with the Grand Rapids Lodge, No. 48, of the Benevolent & 
Protective Order of Elks. 

In 1889 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Fifield to Miss Minnie 
E. Hammill, who was born November i, 1869, a daughter of William H. 




/^^^:^^^^^^^^, Q, O/C^r;^^^-^-^ 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1839 

Hainmill, at that time a successful contractor and builder in the city of 
Port Huron, Alichigan. Mrs. Fifield was summoned to the life ete'rnal 
on the 4th of October, 1908, and she is sun^ived by three children, — Roy 
D., who was bom September 23, 1890, and who now resides at Sacra- 
mento, California, where he is in the employ of the Pacific Fruit & 
Express Company ; Howard S., who was born August 16, 1899, remains 
at the paternal home and is attending the public schools of Sparta, as is 
also the youngest son, George A., wdio was born June 28, 1903. 

On the 29th of November, 1909, Mr. Fifield wedded Miss Helen F. 
Bloomer, daughter of Edgar R. and Lily D. (Armstrong) Bloomer, the 
former of whom was born in Ohio and the latter at Farmington, Mich- 
igan. Mr. Bloomer was a printer by trade and vocation and passed the 
closing years of his life at Sparta, Michigan, his widow still surviving 
him. 

J.\MES Alexander Moynes. In recent years probably no firm of 
carpenter contractors has contributed in more important measure to the 
architectural improvement of Detroit than the firm of James A. Moynes 
& Company. In the following abridged record of the companys' activi- 
ties since its organization in 1908 are contained a number of the business, 
public and residence structures which are regarded as the best examples 
of Detroit's modern building growth. Taking cases at random to illus- 
trate their work may be mentioned the following : A warehouse for 
the People's Outfitting Company at State and First streets ; the Frank- 
lin Press building on Third and Larned streets ; Pierson & Hough whole- 
sale saddlery building near Third and Lamed streets ; the Rainer-Taylor 
Printing Company building, on Larned street : factories for Ross & 
Young on the comer of McDougal and Jeflferson avenues ; Holly Bros, 
factory on Rowena and Beaubien streets ; factory for the General Alumi- 
num Casting Company at the corner of Boulevard and St. Aubin street ; 
factories for the Detroit Pressed Steel Products Company on Mt, Elliott 
avenue ; apartment houses on Davenport street, near \\'oodward avenue ; 
one on Forest avenue, near Second avenue : one on Putnam avenue, near 
Third avenue ; one on Willis avenue and John R. street : the residences 
of Mr. Ashdown, on Boston boulevard ; of Charles T. Brennan on 
Edson Place, near Second avenue ; of Rev. Father Dzink on Lovett 
avenue, near Warren avenue ; of Lloyd Axford, of Dr. Brady and many 
others : also the warehouse for the Golden Storage Company on Willis 
avenue, near Beaubien street. The firm remodeled the Ebenzer Methodist 
Episcopal church, built the church for the Reformed Episcopal Society 
on the boulevard, near Hamilton avenue, and at the present writing 
are building a church and a schoolhouse for the Affinity of Our Lord 
Parish on McClellan and Lamb streets ; they built the .Samaritan Hos- 
pital on the Boulevard and Milwaukee avenue, and a number of the 
stores in Highland Park. 

At the head of this important firm, James Alexander Moynes has 
thus accomplished a great deal, though starting in life with a minimum 
of capital, resources and influence. He was born on the home farm of 
his family, near Lindsey, in County \'ictoria, Ontario, May 27. 1871. a 
son of William and Mary (Humphrey) Moynes. His father, who was 
born in England in 1833, came to Canada with his parents in 1841, his 
father, William !\Ioynes, settling on a farm in the vicinity of Lindsey, 
Ontario, where he followed the work of agriculture until he retired and 
died in Detroit in 1888. The mother of the Detroit contractor was born 
in Fenlon Falls. Ontario, and died in Detroit in 1908. Both parents 
were members of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

Tames A. Moynes when eleven years old, in 1882, was brought to 



1840 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

Michigan, and continued his education, first in Marine City, and later 
in St. Clair, spending about three years in those two towns. In 1885, 
when fourteen, he came to Detroit and began learning the upholstering 
trade, but a short experience with that convinced him that it was not 
his ])roper calling, and he soon began work for the contracting lirm of 
McGrath & Walleck. They took him on their pay roll as a teamster, 
and later made him an apprentice at the carpenter's trade. After two 
years with that firm he continued his apprenticeship under Teakle & 
Golden, another firm of contractors, with whom he remained for four- 
teen years, during which time his apprenticeship was completed and his 
services thereafter for about two years were in the capacity of foreman. 
Mr. Moynes then went into partnership with his brother, and did a 
general cari)enter contracting business for seven years. Having sold 
his interest, in 1908 he and IClmer E. WooU formed a partnership under 
the present name of James A. Moynes & Company. Unlike many firms 
of contractors, the James A. Moynes & Company do not rely entirely 
on outside sources for their building supplies, hut maintain a large fac- 
tory for manufacturing all classes of material except sash and doors. 
Practically all their timbers are sawed, fitted and finished in their own 
mills, and they thus possess unexcelled facilities for prompt and thor- 
ough work. In six years they have built hundreds of structures, includ- 
ing residences, factories, stores, churches and schooJhouses ancl all other 
classes of buildings. 

Mr. Moynes is one of the intluential members of the Contractors' 
Association of Detroit, of the Michigan State Contractors' .Association, 
and also of the Chamber of Commerce. He is afifiliated with the Ameri- 
can Eagle Lodge, I. O. O. F., with Zion Lodge No. 1, .\. 1-'. (S: .V. M., 
with the National L'nion Fraternal Order, and carries insurance in the 
Mutual Benefit of Newark, New Jersey. Mrs. Moynes before her 
marriage was Bertha Gayer, of Morriston, Ontario, daughter of John 
and Mary Gayer. They are the ])arents of four chlitlren : Caxer Wil- 
liam. Lillian, .Stanley James and Margaret Bertha. 

GiiORCE LuTox. One of the most successful lawyers of Newaygo 
county is George Luton, who has held a place of usefulness in his com- 
munity for more than forty years, and is a man of most substantial 
attainments and accomplishments in professional and civic affairs. His 
standing in the community is well indicated by the fact that he was for 
twenty-six years continuously the incumbent of the office of prosecuting 
attorney. 

(leorge Luton was burn in the province of Ontario, December 18, 
1844, a son of W'illiaiu and Elizabeth (Crane) Luton. Grandfather Wil- 
liam Luton saw service in the English army, during the American War 
of 1812, was a native of England, and afterwards settled in Ontario. The 
maternal grandfather. Frank Crane, born in \'ermont, moved across the 
line into Ontario, and later w^ent to the state of Illinois where he died. 
\\'illiam Luton, the father, was born in 1820 and died February 13, 
1895, and the mother, who was born March 8, 1822, and was married in 
1842, is still living, though past ninety years of age. Roth parents have 
spent all their lives in Ontario, where the father was a successful farmer. 
They were members of the Christian church, and the father was in poli- 
tics a Conservative. Of their seven children, five are still living and 
the Newaygo county attorney was the oldest, the others being W'illiam 
F., who is governor of the jail at St. Thomas, Ontario ; Liza A., the 
widow of Peter Ostander. of St. Thomas; Edith, who married Dr. M. 
C. Sinclair, a physician of Grand Rapids; Frank L., who married a Mr. 
Church, and lives in Los Angeles, California. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1841 

George Luton grew up and received a preliminary education in the 
schools of St. Thomas, attended the Upper Canada College at Toronto, 
and was graduated in law in 1871. He had to earn the means for his 
higher education and when he began practice at Newaygo in 1873, it was 
as a poor young man without influential friends, and he has won his suc- 
cess entirely on demonstrated merit. In 1876 he was elected to the office 
of prosecuting attorney of Newaygo county, and by repeated re-election 
held the office for twenty-six years, a record in that one office which has 
probably been seldom surpassed in Michigan. He has long been one of 
the leaders in local Republican politics. Mr. Luton is a Royal Arch 
Mason, was Master for eight years of Newaygo Lodge, No. 131, A. F. 
& A. M., and was high priest for four years of Newaygo Chapter, No. 
38, R. A. M. Since 1879 Mr. Luton has served as a member of the board 
of education, and was president of the village for four years. He is a 
director in the First State Bank of Newaygo and has prospered finan- 
cially as well as in his profession. 

Ch.\rles G. Pr.\tt, M. D. Engaged in the successful practice of his 
profession in the attractive village of Sparta, Dr. Pratt is numbered 
among the representative physicians and surgeons of Kent county and 
his substantial and constantly increasing practice affords the best voucher 
for his professional ability and personal popularity. 

Dr. Pratt has the distinction of claiming the great city of Chicago as 
the place of his nativity, and was born on the 7th of June, 1873. He is a 
son of A. B. and Adelaide (Lowe) Pratt, both of whom were born and 
reared in the city of Rochester, New York, where their marriage was 
solemnized and whence they removed to Chicago in 1872, Mr. Pratt be- 
coming a successful merchant in the great western metropolis, where his 
death occurred in 191 1, the year of his birth having been 1852. His 
widow, who was born in 1855, now resides in Chicago. She is a daughter 
of Edward Lowe, who was of English descent and a native of the state 
of New York, where he passed his entire liife. He was a successful salt 
manufacturer and had other capitalistic interests. As a member of a New 
York regiment he was a gallant soldier of the Union during the entire 
period of the Civil war. Zelotes Pratt, grandfather of the Doctor, was 
a resident of the old Empire state during the entire period of his life and 
the family lineage is traced back to staunch English origin, he having 
been a successful school teacher in his earlier years and having long been 
numbered among the able and prosperous representatives of the agricul- 
tural industry in the state of New York. A. B. Pratt was a stalwart 
Republican in his political allegiance, and was affiliated with the Masonic 
fraternity and the Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks. He was a 
zealous member of the Presbyterian church, as is also his widow. Of 
the three children the eldest is R. A., who is engaged in the meat and ice 
business at Woodstock, Illinois; Dr. Charles G., of this review, was the 
next in order of birth ; and James T. is engaged in the retail grocery busi- 
ness at Freeport, Illinois. 

The excellent public schools of Chicago aft'orded Dr. Pratt his earlier 
educational advantages, which were supplemented by his study in the 
academic or literary department of the University of Illinois. In the med- 
ical department of this institution he was graduated as a member of the 
class of 1896 and with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. After his gradu- 
ation he gained valuable clinical experience through serving eighteen 
months as interne in the Cook County hospital, in the city of Chicago, 
and he thereafter was engaged in practice at Chicago until 1901, when 
he established his residence in the village of Sparta. Michigan, where he 
has since followed the work of his profession with all of zeal and ability 



1842 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

and where lie controls a large and lucrative practice. He is a member of 
the Kent County Medical Society, the .Michigan State Medical Society 
and the American Medical Association. He is unfaltering in his devo- 
tion to his humane profession and his chief diversion is gained through 
the medium of occasional hunting and fishing trips. He is a Republican 
in politics and is affiliated with the Benevolent & Protective Order of 
Elks and the Knights of Pythias. 

In i8()~ Dr. Pratt wedded Miss Martha Vincent, of Cleveland, Ohio, 
and they are leaders in the best social activities of their home community. 
They have no children. 

Rudolph Van Dyke. A representative business man of Lowell, 
Kent county, Mr. Van Dyke is a scion of a family whose name has been 
identitied with Michigan history for more than half a century, and he 
finds a definite satisfaction in reverting to this favored commonwealth as 
the place of his nativity. Mr. \'an Dyke is president of the City State 
Bank of Lowell, one of the staunch financial institutions of Kent county, 
and he is one of the progressive and intluenlial citizens of the county that 
has ever rej^rescnted his home and in which his success has been 
achieved through well directed effort along normal and productive lines of 
enterprise. 

Mr. \'an Dyke was born on a farm in Browne township, Kent county, 
Michigan, on the 2d of Januarj', 1866, and is a son of Peter and Margaret 
(Ronan) Van Dyke, the former of whom was born in Holland, in the 
year 1820, and the latter of whom was a native of Ireland, where she was 
born in 1829 and whence she came with her parents to America when she 
was a child. Peter \'an Dyke immigrated from Holland in 1858 and 
established his home in Michigan, having become one of the pioneer farm- 
ers and honored citizens of Kent county and having here continued his 
residence until his death, in 1866. He was a Republican in politics and 
both he and his wife were communicants of the Catholic church. Two of 
his brothers gave loyal service as Union soldiers in the Civil war, and he 
himself was ever imbued with deep appreciation of the advantages of the 
land of his adoption. His wife long survived him and was nearly eighty 
years of age at the time of her demise, in i()o8, their only child, Rudolph, 
of this review, having been an infant at the time of the father's death. 

Rudolph \'an Dyke attended the common schools of his native county 
imtil he had attained to the age of fourteen years, when he began to de- 
pend largely upon his own resources, a fact that indicates fully that he 
has been the artificer of his own fortunes and has proved one of the pro- 
ductive workers of the world. As a boy he was employed in the lumber 
woods and saw mills, and at the age of eighteen years he became a clerk 
in a general store. Later he worked in a clothing store, and for a time 
lie did effective service as traveling salesman for machinery. 

Mr. Van Dyke has maintained his home at Lowell since 1886 and has 
had much to do with the civic and business activities of this thriving little 
city, where he has served in minor municipal offices and also as president 
of the village board of trustees, his administration as chief executive hav- 
ing been notably of benefit to the town. He is president of the City State 
Bank of Lowell, which is incorporated with a capital stock of $2^,000 and 
which maintains a surplus fund of $10,000, the average deposits of the 
institution having an aggregate of $275,000. The bank was organized in 
1907 and has proved a most valuable addition to the financial and gen- 
eral business facilities of the town in which it is established. In 1894 
Mr. Van Dyke engaged in the grocery business in Lowell, and from a 
modest inception the enterprise was built up to one of substantial order, 
the business having been originally conducted under the title of R. \'an 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1843 

Dyke & Company, with Mr. \'an Dyke as one of the interested principals. 
He is now the executive head of this business, which is the largest of its 
kind in Lowell, and he finds ample demands upon his time and attention 
in supervising his grocery establishment and the bank of which he is 
president, the while he has impregnable place in the confidence and esteem 
of the community. 

In politics Mr. Van Dyke is found aligned as a loyal supporter of the 
principles of the Democratic party, and he and his family are communi- 
cants of the Catholic church. He is affiliated with the lodge of Benevol- 
ent & Protective Order of Elks in the city of Grand Rapids and is one 
of the well known citizens of Kent county. 

In the year 1888 Mr. \'an Dyke wedded Miss Nellie Garrick, of Ionia, 
this state, and the two children of the union are Rudolph D. and Beatrice 
A. The son was graduated in the engineering department of the Uni- 
versity of ^Michigan and now holds a responsible position in the city of 
Grand Rapids. The daughter has recently completed a course in a kinder- 
garten training school at Grand Rapids and is also a talented musician. 
The loved wife and mother passed to the life eternal in 1894, and in 1896 
was solemnized the marriage of Mr. \'an Dyke to Aliss ^Minnie Howe, of 
Lowell, no children having been born of this union. Mrs. Van Dyke is 
active in church work and in the representative social life of her home 
city, where her circle of friends is limited only by that of her 
acquaintances. 

Henry D. Woodw.\rd. Some men seem destined by nature to suc- 
ceed ; no matter what obstacles appear in their path, they are able to over- 
come them if for no other reason than that of a persistent determination. 
Michigan's best citizenship is made up of men who were handicapped 
in their earlier years, and whose latent ability have been brought forth 
through the necessitv to labor hard and faithfully, and have thus reached 
a measure of success which under different conditions might never have 
attended their eflforts. An example of such a successful business man 
is Henry D. Woodward, banker, and land owner and former lumberman 
of Newaygo. .Among other achievements to his credit, Ivlr. Woodward 
wore the' blue uniform and fought in the ranks of the Union army dur- 
ing the Civil war. 

Henry D. Woodward was born in .\llegany county, New York, .\pril 
2, 1845, a son of Samuel M. and Lucina I Caswell) Woodward. Massa- 
chusetts was the native state of both parents, where the father was born 
in 1813, and the mother in 1816. After their marriage they came west 
and in 1852 settled in Michigan, where the father was for many years a 
prosperous farmer. Both parents died in the same year, 1883. They 
were members of the Alethodist church and the father was a Republican 
in politics. Of their six children, the only ones now living is Henry D. 
Woodward. 

He was seven years of age when the family settled in Alichigan. grew 
up on a farm, attended country schools, and at an early age decided that 
the onlv way for him to win success was to depend upon his own energies 
and to fight the battle of life srjuarely, and without seeking advantages 
of any kind, except such as came by industry and by vigilance. 

He early became identified with the lumbering in'dustr}-, when it was 
at its high tide of prosperity, and eventually became an independent 
operator and did business on a large scale. That was the foundation of 
his fortune, and he continued as a lumberman until in 1884 he was hon- 
ored with election to the office of probate judge of Newaygo county. 
Twelve years of capable service in this office was followed by his in- 
fluential part in assisting in the organization of the First State Bank of 



184-i HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

Newaygo, of which he is one of the directors. This bank is an institu- 
tion which has long stood the test of time, and service, and has a capital 
of twenty-thousand dollars and a surplus of twelve thousand. 

In i866 Mr. Woodward married Miss .\deline E. Slater, a daughter 
of Amos Slater, who was one of the early settlers and farmers of 
Newaygo county. Mr. and Mrs. Woodward have one child, Jennie A., 
who married Daniel Minogue. They in turn are the parents of three 
children, grandchildren of Mr. Woodward, as follows: Raymond D., 
who is proprietor of a men's furnishing store in Newaygo; Ruth, who 
married Harold Day and lives in Brigham City, Utah ; and Rolland E., 
who is attending college in his senior year at I-^nsing. 

Mr. Woodward is a member of the Methodist church, has been a Re- 
publican all his voting life, and has served as senior warden in the Masonic 
Lodge. In August, 1S63. when a young man of eighteen, he entered the 
Union army in Company A of the Tenth .Michigan Cavalry. His serv- 
ice continued for more than two years until his final discharge November 
II, 1865, several months after the close of the war. At Knoxville, Ten- 
nessee, he was captured, btit was paroled after forty-eight hours. Mr. 
Woodward is one of the large land owners in this part of Michigan, and 
during the past year sold three valuable farms. 

D.wiD G. M.WGE. Of the representative business men of the thriv- 
ing little city of Lowell, Kent county, none is more progressive or en- 
joys a fuller measure of personal popularity than does Mr. Mange, 
who holds the responsible position of cashier of the Lowell State Bank 
and whose advancement in the world represents the concrete results of 
his own efforts. 

Mr. Mange was born at Stryker, Williams county, Ohio, on the 19th 
of December, 1873, and is a son of John G. and Rosa (Krause) Mange, 
both natives of the fair little republic of Switzerland, where the former 
was born in 18.49 'i"fl I'le latter in 1844. They were children at the time 
of the immigration of the respective families to the L'nited States and 
their parents settled in the immediate vicinity of St. Louis, Missouri. 
The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. John G. Mange was solemnized in the 
city of .St. Louis, and their lives were marked by signal consecration to 
high ideals. Mr. Mange gained a liberal education, in Missouri and at 
Upper Alton, Illinois, and for many years he labored zealously as an 
evangelist, in which ca])acity his labors extended into the most diverse 
parts of the Union. He passed the closing days of his long and useful 
life at Lowell, where he died in the year 1906, and his widow' now re- 
sides at Lowell. Of the four children David G., of this review is the 
elder of the two surviving, and Edith ^I. is now a clerical assistant in 
the office of Dr. McDannell. of Lowell, her desire of following the voca- 
tion of teaching having been nullified by a disorder of her eyes. 

To the public schools of Ohio and Michigan is David G. Mange in- 
debted for his early educational discijiline. and he has been dependent 
upon his own resources from early youth. In 1890 he became a resi- 
dent of Lowell, and here he attended the high school for three years. 
In 1893 he assumed a minor position in the Lowell State Bank, and in 
this institution his ability and faithful service have won him advance- 
ment, together with implicit official confidence and public esteem. He 
is now cashier of the bank, which is incorporated with a capital stock 
of $30,000, with undivided profits of $17,000 and with deposits of fullv 
$350,000. Mr. Mange is also a member of the directorate of this sub- 
stantial and popular institution, and in connection with his official duties 
he has built up an excellent business as an insurance underwriter. He is 
a notary public, and as such does a large amount of work in convevanc- 






^•^/ 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1845 

ing and the handling of abstracts of title. He is now serving his second 
term as a member of the village council of Lowell, and his political alle- 
giance is given to the Republican party. He is essentially liberal and 
progressive and has been an active and valued promoter of the work of 
the Lowell Board of Trade. He gives support to religious and benevolent 
activities and Mrs. Mange is a member of the First Methodist Episcopal 
church in Lov^^ell, as well as a popular factor in the representative social 
activities of the village. 

The year 1900 recorded the marriage of Mr. ]Mange to Miss Lavancha 
E. Cogswell, of Lowell, and the two children of this union are Richard 
D. and Lester R. 

Elmer Ellsworth Wooll. Success in no department of human 
activities is possible without preparation and native or acquired ability, 
and the business record of E. E. Wooll, a well-known Detroit con- 
tractor, exemplifies this assertion. While a youth in Saginaw county, he 
gained a knowledge of an important branch of lumber manufacture, 
later took up the trade of carpenter, and finally with long and thorough 
experience behind him joined the firm of J. A. ]\Ioynes & Company, 
known today as one of the leading carpenter contractors and manu- 
facturers of building material in Detroit. 

Elmer Ellsworth Wooll is a native of ^Michigan, born on his father's 
farm in Fairfield township of Shiawassee county, October 24, 1861, a 
son of Moses and Louisa J. (Bates) Wooll. Moses \\'ooll was born 
in England in 1823, and the grandfather, Kingston Wooll, brought his 
family to the United States in 1833, settling in ^ledina county of the 
Western Resen-e of Ohio. About 1850 the grandfather made another 
move, this time to Michigan, and bought government land in Clinton 
county. Moses ^^^ooll grew to manhood in Ohio, learned the trade of 
wagonmaker, and for many years was in business at Oakley, in Saginaw 
county, where his death occurred in 1887. His widow died in Oakley 
in 1891 at the age of sixty-five. 

Ehner E. Wooll was about six years old when the family moved in 
1867 to Oakley in Saginaw county, and that was the locality in which 
his boyhood was passed, where he gained his education, and where he 
made his first ventures in practical life. \\'ith a common school educa- 
tion, he early found himself in the practical routine of self-support, 
and up to 1890 was engaged in a stave factory. That year saw his 
removal to Detroit, and for about four years he was employed as a 
journeyman carpenter. He next became shop foreman for the con- 
tracting firm of Moynes Bros., and about igo8 he and James A. Moynes 
founded the present firm of James A. Moynes & Company, carpenter 
contractors and manufacturers of their own building materials. The 
two partners are recognized as among the ablest men in their profession 
in Detroit, and how successful the firm has been is told somewhat in 
detail in the sketch of the senior member on other pages of this publi- 
cation. 

Mr. Wooll has membership in Olive Branch Lodge No. 38. I. O. O. F.. 
and in Old Glory Encampment No. 171 of the same order; also belongs 
to the IMaccabees and the National Union fraternal organization. In 
the line of his business he belongs to the Master Carpenters' Association. 
Mr. Wooll was married May 21, 1901, to Miss Louise J. Lossing, who 
was born in Sanilac county, Michigan, a daughter of Lanson Lossing, 
who was a native of Ontario, Canada. 

ToHN H.\RWOOD. During a career of more than thirty years at the 
Michigan bar. Mr. Harwood has exemplified all the success and the gen- 



1846 HISTORY OF xMlCHIGAX 

eroiis public service of a representative lawyer. Jrle has been honored 
on many occasions with [jositions of responsibility and trust, and is the 
type of man whose life began without special advantages, except such 
as he secured by his own eftorts, and he rose from a place of conijjarative 
jjoverty to a high rank in his community and state. 

John Marwood was born in England, March 24, 1^43. a son of Rob- 
ert and Hannah (Rugg) Harwood. His grandfather was named Rob- 
ert Harwood, and also his great-grandfather. Grandfather Harwood 
lived in England all his days, and was a blacksmith by trade. Robert 
Harwood, the father, was born in 1809, and died in 1862, while his wife 
was born in 1807 and died in i8()5. Married in England, they moved to 
America in "1852, settling in New Vork Slate, where the father followed 
his trade of blacksmith until his death. He and his wife were members 
of the Methodist church, and after taking out citizenship papers in this 
country, he devoted his support to the Whig and Republican party. Of 
the seven children three are now living, ^lary is the wife of Dr. \\ elsh 
and lives at Castleton, New York; Annie is the widow of Mort Heidctte, 
and lives with her sister in Xew York. 

Mr. John Harwood was nine years old when the family came to 
America, supplemented such advantages as he had received in England 
by further attendance at the New York public schools, and linished his 
education in the Normal school at Albany. At the conclusion ol his 
studies he went before the state board and was given after an examination 
a life certificate as a teacher. Twenty years of his career were devoted 
to educational work, and Mr. Harwood has hundreds of former ])upils 
li\ing in various parts of the country, and many of them are prominent in 
affairs, all of whom recall his capable services with gratitude. In i8f)y 
on coming to Michigan, he settled at Ci>ncord in Jackson county, was a 
teacher there, and while continuing his work in the .school room was also 
studying law. In 1880 came his admission to the bar, and since then he 
has been in practice at White Cloud, though much of his time has been 
taken up with official duties. 

In 1866 he married Harriett A. Fuller, of Cobleskill, New York. The 
one child of that marriage was Nettie who married Arthur W. Robcrt- 
son. of Detroit, a boot and shoe maker in that city. Mr. Harwood mar- 
ried for his second wife, Mary A. Storman, of Saginaw, Michigan, who 
came to White Cloud when a child with her parents. She died in White 
('loud, June 15, 1913. She was the mother of two children, Robert, who 
is in school, and John. .Mr. Harwood affiliates with the lndci)endent 
Order of Odd Fellows, and has long been prominent in the Republican 
party. He served eight years as circuit court commissioner, was school 
commissioner for two years, a member of the county board of school 
examiners for twenty-seven years, and suiiervisnr of Wilcox township 
lifteen consecutive years, one of the highest honors ever paid to a town- 
ship official in tiie county. For eleven years he held the position of post- 
master at White Cloud, and since retiring from the office in 1912, has 
once more resumed the active practice of law. Mr. 1 larwood owns a good 
farm and considerable farm property. ;ind handles real estate in addi- 
tion to his practice in the courts. 

Roy J. TuRXKK, M. D. Although Dr. Roy J. Turner is numbered 
among the more recent acquisitions to the medical profession of Macomb 
county, where he is engaged in the general practice of medicine at Xew 
lialtimorc, he has already won a large and growing patronage, for he is 
thoroughly conxersant with the most modern methods known to the mem- 
bers of his profession, and the results which have followed his labors 
have gained for him the trust and confidence of the jniblic at large. Doc- 



HISTORY OF xMICHIGAN 1847 

tor Turner's success is all the more creditable, in that it has been entirely 
self-gained ; he has won his own way, unaided by any influence or ad- 
ventitious circumstance. 

Roy J. Turner was born at Eureka, Clinton county, Michigan, Janu- 
ary 28, 1880, and is a son of Daniel and Sarah J. (Cliff) Turner. His 
father, a native of New York state, early learned the trade of cabinet- 
maker and was so engaged in his native community for some years. As 
a young man he came to St. Johns, Clinton county, Michigan, and while 
there enlisted in a Michigan Regiment of X'olunteer Infantry for serv- 
ice during the Ci\'il War, but the close of that struggle came before his 
command was called to the front. He became well known as a cabinet- 
maker and for years carried on that business at St. Johns and other points 
in Clinton county, but tinally entered the contracting business as a car- 
penter and is so engaged at this time in Detroit. Although seventy-two 
years of age he continues to be active in his business, in which he has 
gained a satisfactory measure of success. Mr. Turner was married at 
St. Johns to ]Miss Sarah J. Cliff, who was born in England and came 
to America alone in childhood. She first settled at Detroit, where she 
was educated, and became a school teacher, being engaged in educational 
work at the time she met Mr. Turner at St. Johns. She is now a resident 
of Detroit and is sixty-seven years of age. To Daniel and Sarah J. 
Turner there were born four children, of whom Doctor Turner is the 
youngest. 

Roy f. Turner grew up at Eureka, where he received his preliminary 
educational training in the graded and high schools. Later he was a 
student in the high school at St. Johns, from which he was graduated in 
1901, and after some preparation entered the Michigan College of Sur- 
gery at Detroit, being graduated from both the medical departments in 
1906. He at once entered upon the practice of his calling at .Anchorville, 
St. Clair county, and remained there for six and one-half years, at the 
end of which time, seeking a wider field, he came to Xew Baltimore, in 
19 1 3. He inaintains well equipped offices and has every modern appliance 
for the successful practice of medicine and surgery. His practice is 
daily increasing as his ability is becoming recognized, and he already 
numbers among his patients some of the most representative people of 
this locality. An earnest student, a careful practitioner, a steady-handed 
surgeon and a man possessed of deep sympathy. Doctor Turner may well 
be said to be one who has chosen wisely in his vocation. He is a member 
of the St. Clair Medical Society, the Michigan State Medical Society 
and the American Medical Association. His religious connection is with 
the Congregational church, in which he serves as a member of the board 
of trustees. 

Doctor Turner was married at Bancroft, Michigan, September 12, 
1905, to Miss Blanche A. Harrick, a graduate of the Nurse's Institute 
and' Woods' Hospital, at Angola, Indiana, who has been able to assist 
her husband greatly in his work. Airs. Turner is a daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. Hiram Harrick, well-known pioneers of Bancroft. Two children 
have come to Doctor and Mrs. Turner; Roy, Junior, born at Anchor- 
ville, October 27, 1907, and who died at Anchorville, February 20, 1909; 
Lucy Evelyn, who was born at Anchorville, Michigan, in 1909. Both the 
Doctor and his estimable wife are prominent in Xew Baltimore, where 
thev have already gained a host of warm friends. 

Cart. .\. W.agxer. Prominent among the leading citizens and law- 
yers of Port Huron, Carl A. Wagner has long been a conspicuous figure 
'in military circles, having, while inspector of small-arms practice and 
inspector general for the state, very materially contributed to making 



1848 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

Michigan a leader among the other states of tlie Union in regard to rifle 
practice, an important branch of mihtary instruction, in which he is an 
expert. A native of Huron County. Michigan, he was born Xovember 
iS, 1858, in Bingham township, being the second white child born in 
that locality, the birth of the first white child of that township having 
occurred the previous day, on Xovember 17, 1858. 

His father, Andrew Wagner, was born in Bavaria. Germany, June 
14, 1823, and as a young man served for three years in the German army. 
Immigrating to .\nierica, he lived for a short time in Xew York City, 
and subse(iuently followed his trade as a stone cutter in Cle\'eland. Ohio, 
for a short time. In 1855, he bought one hundred and si.xfy acres of 
land of the government in Huron County, and began clearing the land 
and established a home there. About i860 he removed with his fam- 
ily to Detroit, where, after the breaking out of the Civil war, he enlisted 
in the Twenty-fourth Michigan \'olunteer Infantry (Iron Brigade), and 
was with his command in several engagements of importance, includ- 
ing the battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and at Gettysburg. 
In the battle of Gettysburg, on July i, 1863, while carrying the colors, 
he was shot through the breast and left for dead on the battle- 
field. Recovering, however, he returned to his farm in Huron County, 
Michigan, and there resided until his death, in April, 1867. He married 
first in Germany and by that union had one child, Margaret Gertrude, 
who is now the wife of Frank Goetz, of Cleveland, Ohio. Andrew Wag- 
ner married, for his second wife, in 1851, in Xew York City, Mrs. Lucy 
Dorothy ( Mufl^ ) Seitz. who was born in \\ iirtemberg, Germany, Decem- 
ber lo, 1821, and died in Reynoldsville, I'ennsylvania, -September 22, 
1905. She was twice married, by her first union having one daughter. 
Mrs. Louise M. Xefif, of Reynoldsville, Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs. 
.Andrew Wagner became the parents of four children, as follows: Mrs. 
Dora Danenburg, a widow, living in Xew York ; Carl A., the s]iecial 
subject of this brief personal record: Minnie, born in 1862. married 
Wesley Smith, and died at Port Huron, Michigan, April 9, 1901 : and 
-Albert A., of Port Huron, who was born June 16, 1864, and died at 
Port Huron, June 7, 1914. 

-After the death of his father. Carl .A. A\'agner remained witli his 
mother and the family on the home farm in Huron County, and lived 
there until the fall of 1871, when all of the farming propertv was de- 
stroyed ijy the forest fires. The widowed mother then removed with 
her children to Erie, Pennsylvania, and there lived with her daughter 
by her first marriage. Continuing his studies in the public schools of 
Erie, Carl A. Wagner was graduated from the Central high school and 
subsequently traveled a short time as salesman for a firm dealing in 
household specialties. In the spring of 1880, barkening to the "call of 
the soil," Mr. Wagner's mother, brother and sister came back to the old 
farm in Huron county. Michigan, and had just made a good start in 
improving the i)lace. when, in 1881. fire again destroyed everything on 
the place, with the exce])tion of the house. 

Mr. Wagner had charge of a branch store of the Lovell Manufactur- 
ing Company in Worcester. Massachusetts, from 1880 to September. 
1883, at wdiich time he returned to his native state and entered the law- 
department of the University of Michigan, from which he was grad- 
uated with the class of 1887. During the ensuing two years he was 
engaged in the practice of law at Bad -Axe. the county-seat of Huron 
County. In 1889 Mr. \\'agner located at Port Huron, and has since been 
a valued and highly esteemed resident of this city, and member of the 
bar of St. Clair County. He has taken an active part in local affairs, in 
1894 having been elected police justice for a term of four vears, and re- 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1849 

elected to the same office in 1898. He has bulk up a successful law prac- 
tice and enjoys an enviable reputation as a lawyer. 

In 1898 Mr. Wagner was second lieutenant of the Port Huron mili- 
tary company, and when war was declared against Spain he went into 
camp with his company at Island Lake, on April 26, 1898. Soon after 
the Michigan Division of the Sons of V'eterans organized two companies 
from its membership, and offered them to the State of Michigan for 
service. Mr. Wagner was selected as captain of the first company, which 
was assigned to the Thirty-third Michigan \'olunteer Infantry, l)ecom- 
ing Company L of that regiment, commanded by Colonel Boynton of 
Port Huron. The regiment went to Cuba during the Spanish-American 
war, and on July i, 1898, at Aguadores, two of the soldiers in Captain 
Wagner's company were killed and three wounded. In December, 1898, 
at the close of the war. Captain Wagner was mustered out of the serv- 
ice with his company. 

In November, 1900, when Colonel Boynton was appointed brigadier 
general of the ]\Iichigan National Guard, Captain Wagner was commis- 
sioned major and made assistant inspector general on the general's staff'. 
In June, 1903, General William T. McGurrin appointed Captain \\'agner 
major and inspector of small-arms on his staff'. Two years later, in June, 
1905, Governor Warner of Michigan, appointed him inspector general 
of Michigan, with the rank of Brigadier General, a position he held con- 
tinuously until the office was abolished by law in 191 1, when he was re- 
tired from active service. He was a verj' efficient officer and while in- 
spector of small-arms practice built the first modernly equipped rifle 
range ever constructed in the State. When General Wagner was first 
appointed inspector of small-arms practice, very little interest in rifle 
practice was taken by any one in Michigan, but through his persistent 
energy and effort the subject was brought before the military department 
of the state and an active interest was created, and he had the pleasure 
of seeing this branch of military instruction grow, under his fostering 
care, to splendid proportions, Alichigan becoming one of the foremost 
states in the Union in regard to rifle practice. 

Gen. Wagner is a life member of the National Rifle Association of 
America, and was for eight years a member of the National Board for 
the Promotion of Rifle Practice, a board that meets in the office of the 
assistant secretary of war, in January of each year, and formulates rules 
for the National matches. He was deputy inspector of customs from 
July, 1889, until July, 1893, and for a number of years was chairman 
of the Republican city committee. Fraternally he belongs to the Free 
and Accepted Alasons ; to the Independent fjrder of Odd Fellows; to 
the Knights of Pythias ; to the Modern Woodmen of America : and to 
both branches of the Knights of the Maccabees. Since a boy of fifteen 
years he has been a faithful member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

Mr. Wagner was married in Worcester, Massachusetts, June 13, 1883, 
to Minnie E. Rice, and they with their four children have a pleasant 
home at No. 1009 Lincoln Avenue. The children are: Chester S., 
Louise M.. Edith D. and Roy Smith Wagner. 

Waiter Edward Otto. Among Michigan's state officials whose work 
constitutes an important public service and who have measured up to all the 
responsibilities and opportunities of their office is Walter Edward Otto, 
actuary of the State Insurance Department at Lansing. 

Mr. Otto is a native of Michigan, was born in the city of Detroit, 
February 24, 1888, and though less than thirty years of age has already 
made a name and is regarded as one of the experts in his line of work 
in the country. He is descended from two old and well known German 



1850 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

families of Detroit, the Ottos and the Ewalds. His father was the late 
Rudolph Otto, who was born in Germany in 1863, son of Edward Otto, 
who emigrated with his faaiiily to America in 1807, and located in De- 
troit the same year. Edward Otto was a German shoe cobbler, and had 
one of tht old-lime shoe shops of Detroit for many years. Rudolph 
Otto, who was tour years of age when he came to Detroit, grew up in 
that city, learned the trade of machinist, and as an engineer held se\eral 
positions of responsibility with large manufacturing concerns. His death 
occurred in 1893 at the age of thirty years. His wife's maiden name 
was Miss Anna Ewald, who was born in Detroit, daughter of Jacob 
Ewald. Jacob Ewald was likewise a native of Germany, settletl in De- 
troit many years ago, and there became one of the leading mason con- 
tractors, having budt many of the oldtime structures of the older city, 
including contract work on the old Russel House and also the old City 
Hall. 

Walter E. Otto grew ui) in Detroit, aUcnded the graniniar and high 
schools of that city, and his education was hnished with a full course m 
the Detroit University, which graduated him in 1905. His talent for ac- 
counts and other inclinations had already decided him upon work in the 
Held of insurance, and with that ambition he entered the offices of the 
Michigan Mutual Life Insurance Company of Detroit, and spent a year 
in the Actuarial Department. In November, 1907, his service with the 
state began by appointment to a riiinor position in the Actuarial Depart- 
ment of the State Insurance Office at Lansing. After a short time Mr. 
Otto was promoted chief clerk of the department, then was made assist- 
ant actuary, and since June, 1910, has held the responsible position of 
actuary, iiis pronounced ability and his thorough and efficient service 
in the State Insurance Departmejjt. have constituted him an authority in 
his special line of work. Mr. Otto is affiliated with Lansing Lodge, 
No. 33, A. I'. & A. M. 

LiKUT. Einvi.N RuTii\-K.\ II.WE.N'S, of Lansing, dc|)Uty state land com- 
missioner, has been identified as an official of the land office for a longer 
tenure than any man of the present day. Uorn in the town of Stafford, 
Genesee county, New York, May 25, 1842, he is a son of William C. and 
Lisett (Snow) Havens, natives of the Empire state, the father being 
born in St. Lawrence county, in 1805, and the mother east of Albany, 
in 181 1. ']"he parents were married in New York, and in 1851 brought 
iheir family to Michigan, settling in Niles township, IJerrien county, 
where a farm was purchased by the father. Later the parents removed 
to Cass county, Michigan, where the father died in 1884 while the mother 
survived some years and passed away at Lansing, in 1899. The grand- 
father of Lieutenant Havens was .-\bner Havens, a native of New N'ork-. 

Edwin Kuthven 1 laveiis was reared on the home farm in Berrien town- 
ship, and there his education was secured intlic district schools. On June 
30, 1S62, he left home for the first time, going Ui tlic neighboring town of 
Buchanan, where he had secured a position as clerk in a general store. 
On SejHember 12 of the same year, he commenced his military career, 
when he was accepted as a member of ("onipanv .\. Seventh Regiment, 
Michigan Cavalry (General Custer's old brigade), and was mustered into 
the service as sergeant. He was later promoted to first sergeant and in 
June, 1865, was commissioned second lieutenant, being mustered out with 
that rank at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and securing his linal discharge 
at Detroit. December 28, 1865. The history of the Seventh Michigan 
Cavalry is the history of Lieutenant Havens, for he was with it con- 
stantly throughout the war, although after the campaign which embraced 
Gettysburg he was out of the line to some extent, being on daily duty 



THI HV imK 

roBucmRAftir 






HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1851 

with the Quartermaster's Department for about fifteen months. After 
the war, reaUzing the need of further education, Lieutenant Havens took 
a course in a commercial college at Ann Arbor, in 1866, and then ac- 
cepted a position as clerk at the village of Watervliet, in Berrien county. 
In 1872 lie was nominated, without his knowledge, by the Republican 
party, for township clerk of Watervliet township, and the next day was 
also nominated for that position by the Democrats. His election was 
naturally unanimous, and in that office he continued to serve until 1877. 
Three years later Lieutenant Havens was elected on the Republican ticket 
to the office of register of deeds of Berrien coiuity, serving four years, 
and after his official term expired went to Janesville, Wisconsin, and 
for three years clerked in a hardware store. In 1888 he was appointed 
to a position in the Michigan state land office, and continued there until 
a change in the administration occurred in i8gi, when he was released, 
and at that time became a traveling salesman. In January, 1893, how- 
ever, he was again appointed to the Michigan state land office, and has 
continued to be associated with the department to the present time, a 
period covering twenty-two continuous years. Lieutenant Havens was 
appointed deputy commissioner in December, 1898, and ser\ed in that 
capacity until January, KjOI, when on a change in administration, he 
became chief clerk, an appointment which he held until August, 19 1 3, 
when he was again promoted deputy commissioner. His long service 
has been characterized by the strictest devotion to duty, and few men 
have rendered their state more faithful or efficient labors. 

In December, 1 87 1, Lieutenant Havens was married to Eliza Ann 
Stewart, who was born at Coloma, Berrien county, Michigan, daughter 
of Archiliald and Eliza Ann Stewart, and to this union there have been 
born seven children: Lucia, who is now Mrs. W. C. Mealoy ; Lida A ; 
Coral R., a teacher of domestic science in the Detroit city schools ; Charles 
Edwin, a resident of Detroit ; Maribelle ; Edna, and Roscoe R. 

Lieutenant Havens is a member of Charles C. Foster Post, No. 42, 
Grand Army of the Republic. He still continues to maintain his alle- 
giance to the Republican party, an,d is widely and prominently known in 
political circles in the state. His home is at No. 924 ^Vest Ionia street. 

Lloyd Lester Bellville. Although he is numbered among the 
more recent acquisitions to the architectural profession in Detroit, Lloyd 
Lester Bellville may be accounted one of the most promising men of 
his calling in the city. He was born at Wyandotte, Wayne county, 
Michigan, November 5, 1891, and comes from a line of builders, he 
being in the third generation of the family to be identified with Inulding 
and architecture in Michigan. Mr. Bellville's grandfather, William R. 
Belhille. was a master builder in Ohio and Michigan, and erected 
numerous buildings in Wyandotte, among them a numljer of public 
schools of that place. His son, William Bellville, who was associated 
with him for some years, is now a master builder of Wyandotte. Wil- 
liam R. Bellville was born in New York state, from whence he removed 
to Wood county, Ohio. During the Civil War he enlisted in an Ohio 
regiment of volunteer infantry, for service in the L^nion Army, and con- 
tinued to wear the uniform of his country six years. He was married 
in Ohio to Rebecca Williams, who was born at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 
'and in the spring of 1875 he removed to Manistee, Michigan, although 
ten years later he returned to Ohio. In i88g he again came to Michigan, 
this time locating permanently at Wyandotte, where both he and his 
estimable wife passed away. 

Nelson S. Bellville, the father of Lloyd Lester Bellville, was born 
at Perrysburg, Wood county. Ohio, October 18, 1861. He received his 



1852 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

education in the public schools of Ohio and Michigan, and proved him- 
self an attentive and retentive scholar, and when he laid aside his books 
set about industriously to learn the carpenter's trade. At this he worked 
for some years, gradually drifting into the contracting and building busi- 
ness, and continued to follow that vocation until coming to Detroit, in 
1909, when he retired from active building and has since confined him- 
self to draughting. The mother, Oda N. Denno, was born on her father's 
farm in Wayne county, Michigan, November 21, 1875, the daughter of 
Peter Denno, a farmer of Wayne county, and sister of Oliver B. Denno, 
who was a noted Detroit architect, and is now engaged in the practice 
of that profession in Chicago, Illinois. 

Lloyd Lester Bellville was reared at Wyandotte, and was educated 
in the public schools. On both sides of the family he had inherited a 
predilection for building and architecture, and even as a schoolboy 
decided to become an architect and began preparing for the profession. 
As a lad he spent the greater part of his spare time around his grand- 
father's and uncle's offices, and even as a youth in his early 'teens could 
prepare a very creditable plan. In 1910 he entered the offices of his 
uncle, Oliver B. Denno, and studied under him for one year, when his 
uncle took him into partnership. In 1912, when Mr. Denno decided to 
remove to Chicago, Mr. Bellville purchased the business, and has since 
continued by himself with unusual success for one of his years. He 
does general architectural work, and probably no other one architect 
has put up or furnished plans for as many buildings as has he in the same 
length of time. 

At Toledo, Ohio. May 7, 1912. Mr. Bellville was united in marriage 
with Miss Agnes Lemeraud, the daughter of A. Lemeraud, of that city, 
and to this union there has come one daughter: Arittie Catherine. Mr. 
Bellville maintains well appointed offices at No. 542 Mount Elliott 
avenue. 

S.-\M.UEL DeWitt Pepper. Prominent among the state officials of 
Michigan is found Samuel DeWitt Pepper, of Lansing, assistant attorney 
general of Michigan, judge advocate of the ]\Iichigan National Guard, a 
lawyer of established reputation, and a citizen of genuine worth and 
staisility. j\Ir. Pepper was born near the city of London, Ontario, Can- 
ada, of American parents, his father, Alexander Pepper, being a native 
of Rockford. Illinois, and his mother, Catherine (Mc.\rthur) Pepper, of 
County Middlesex. Ontario. His paternal forbears were Virginians, 
while his maternal ancestors were of a Highland Scotch clan of 
Argyleshire. 

.Samuel D. Pepper received his early education at Forest, Ontario, 
and was an honor graduate of the London Normal school, and an imder- 
graduate of Toronto University, after which he taught schol for a few 
years. In 1903 he entered the law offices of Moore & Wilson and Cady & 
Crandall, of Port Huron, and later studied with Phillips & Jenks, also of 
that city. In 1905 Mr. Pepper took a special course in law at the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, and in April, 1906, passed the Michigan State Bar 
examination at Lansing and was admitted to ]>ractice. For a time after 
his admission to the bar, Mr. Pepper continued with Phillips & Jenks, of 
Port Huron, making rapid progress in his profession in the meantime, 
but in 1908 formed a partnership with Hugh H. Hart, of St. Clair, at that 
time opening offices at Port Huron and entering general practice in De- 
cember of that year. Mr. Pepper's advancement was so rapid and his 
ability so fully recognized, that February 12, 1912, the then attorney gen- 
eral of the state, now Judge Kuhn of the Sttpreme bench, appointed him 
assistant attornev general, in which office he has since made an enviable 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1853 

record and has represented the state in some of its most important htiga- 
tion, speciahzing in the school, municipal health, highway, military, 
insurance, banking, and probate laws of the state. At the present time he 
is advisor to the highway department of insurance, department of bank- 
ing, and military department, and at various other times has acted in a 
like capacity for other departments. 

Mr. Pepper became connected with the Michigan National Guard in 
April, 1905, and in September, 1908, was commissioned second lieutenant 
of Company C, Third Regiment, Port Huron. He was subsequently 
promoted and commissioned judge advocate general of Michigan by 
Governor Osborn, in September, 1912, with rank of major, a position he 
has continued to hold. During the recent strike in the Calumet copper 
country, Mr. Pepper represented the state and defended it in the investi- 
gation of the strike during 1913-14, succeeding in exonerating the militia 
of tlie charges brought against it. 

On September 10, 1907, ]\Iajor Pepper was married to Miss Kqtherine 
MacDonald, of Charlevoix, Michigan, daughter of Godfrey MacDonald, 
and they have a daughter, Elizabeth Marion, born October 4, 1910. 
While a resident of Port Huron, Mr. Pepper was prominent and active in 
public and military affairs, and has so continued at Lansing. He is a 
member of the Baptist Church, as is Mrs. Pepper, and fraternally is con- 
nected with the Masons, the Knights of Pythias, the Independent Order 
of Foresters, the Knights of the Maccabees and the Woodmen of the 
World. 

Howard R. Ford. In the young and progressive element of Bay 
City's business circles, Howard R. Ford has a place as member of the 
clothing and haberdashery firm of Ford & Simon. He comes of an old 
Michigan family, and though not yet thirty years of age has established 
himself securely in business. 

Howard R. Ford was born in Bay City September 9, 1885, a son of 
Charles S. and Ella (Crane) Ford. The Ford family originated in Ire- 
land, and the founder of the name in the United States settled in New 
York, where Charles S. Ford was bom. The latter emigrated to Michigan 
as a young man, and established himself in business as a clothier in Bay 
City. During his long and successful career in that community he won the 
confidence of his associates and the esteem of those who knew him on 
account of his industry and honorable dealing. His death occurred Feb- 
ruary 2, 1901, and his wife, a native of [Michigan, is also deceased. Their 
three children were : ]\Iiss Edna, a resident of Bay Cit}- ; Howard R. : and 
Ella, wife of George Kolb, Jr., of Bay City. 

Howard R. Ford attended the graded schools of Bay City, also the 
high school, and subsequently spent one year in the Military Academy at 
Faribault, Minnesota, and one year at Alma College, Alma. Michigan. 
At the completion of his studies he went to Chicago and traveled on the 
road for seven years, for two large Chicago houses. When he decided 
to enter business on his own account, Mr. Ford on September i, 1908, 
formed a partnership with Theodore C. Simon, and under the firm style 
of Ford & Simon opened a haberdashery and clothing establishment at 
702 East Midland street. This venture proved a success from the start, 
and the business has been constantly improved and broadened and is now 
one of the leading stores of its kind in Bay City. 

Mr. Ford is a Republican, but his only interest in politics is that taken 
by every good citizen whose concern is for the best welfare of his city. 
He is a member of the Recreation and Bay City Clubs, a Knight Templar 
Mason and a member of the Mystic Shrine, and also affiliates with the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and the Knights of Pythias. 
He is a member of the Presbyterian church. 

Vul. IV— 7 



1854 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN . 

Albert W. Tausend. Born in Saginaw City, August 9, 1873, Mayor 
Tausend is a son of Jacob and Mary (Trier) Tausend, the former a 
native of New York State, and the latter of Saxony, Gennany. Jacob 
Tausend has for many years been a resident of Saginaw, and was one of 
the early contractors and builders of the city. A man of sterling char- 
acter, he reared and educated his family to be a credit to their parents, 
and has held a high place in the citizenship of Saginaw for many years. 
He is now serving the city of Saginaw as director of the poor, which office 
he has now held for four years. There were five children, the present 
mayor of Saginaw, being the oldest, and the others as follows ; Jacob 
Tausend, Jr., a resident of the state of Oregon ; Caroline, wife of Martin 
Guderitz. "of Saginaw; Anna J., wife of James T. Lehan of Saginaw; 
and William H. of Saginaw. 

.Albert William Tausend had a public school education graduating 
from the Arthur Hill high school. His first regular employment came at 
the age of eighteen, when he became tally boy and shipping clerk for the 
C. I. ^weet Lumber Company of Saginaw. This was followed by six 
months employment as an advertising solicitor, with the Weekly Jl'orld, 
after which the Saginaw Manufacturing Company employed him as ship- 
ping clerk. ?Ie spent two and a half years with that company. Mr. 
Tausend then formed a connection with the Magnetic Spring Water Com- 
pany of Saginaw, who were lessees for commercial purposes of the waters 
of tiie celebrated St. Louis Magnetic Mineral Springs, located at St. 
Louis, ^Michigan. That was in 1894, and in a few years he acquired a 
one-half interest in the business with Chas. A. Khuen as a co-partner, 
and since. January, 191 1, has been sole owner of this plant for the manu- 
facture of high class carbonated and flavored beverages, and for the 
bottling and distribution of the St. Louis magnetic mineral water. The 
product is distributed throughout Michigan and adjacent states. An 
active Democrat, Mr. Tausend served as a member of the city council of 
Saginaw for ten years, and in 1912, was honored with election to the 
office of mayor. His entire career has been spent in Saginaw, where his 
life and character are as an open book to the citizens. Fraternally he is 
affiliated with the Masonic Order, the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks, the Royal Arcanum, and the Knights of the Maccabees also being 
a member of the Teutonia Society and other clubs of Saginaw. 

On April 12, 1897, he married Miss Georgina Melissa Landon. She 
was born in Brockville, Ontario, a daughter of George W. and Anna E. 
(Kilburn) Landon. The two children born to their marriage are; Albert 
Landon Tausend, fifteen years old, and Ann Burr, aged four years. 

Mrs. Fi.ixt P. S.mitii. By her contributions to the Iniilding interests 
of l'"lint, Mrs. Flint P. Smith has won the right to a jjrominent i:)lace 
among those to whom the city is indebted for its growth and material 
advancement. Born September 26, 1855, at .Alexandria, Genesee county. 
New York, she is a daughter of Sebe and Loretta C. (Baldwin) Brainard. 

The Brainard family is one of the old and honored ones of New 
England, the founder emigrating from England and settling in Connecticut 
in colonial times. Harris Brainard. the grandfather of Mrs. Smith, 
served as a colonel in the Revolutionary War and the War of i8t2, and 
his descendants have distinguished themselves in military and civil life, 
in the professions and in business. Sebe ISrainard was born in .Mex- 
andria. New York, in the same house which had been the birthplace of 
his father before him. lie received excellent educational advantages and 
became known as the best grammarian of his locality, took an active 
part in local affairs, and devoted his activities to agriculture. He died 
May 30, 1894. in the home of his birth, aged seventy-two years. Mr. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1855 

Brainard married Loretta C. Baldwin, who also came of an old Con- 
necticut family of English descent, and whose father was Timothy G. 
Baldwin of Revolutionary fame. She still survives in the old Genesee 
county home, at the advanced age of eighty-five years, although still in 
good health. Two daughters were born to them : Carolina Augusta, 
who married Jerome Riddle and died October 7, 1893, at Alexandria, 
New York ; and Franc Amanda, of this review. 

Mrs. Smith, who was four years older than her sister, was educated 
in Alexandria Seminary, and private schools of Rochester, New York, 
being given the best of advantages. She was married in her native city, 
August 25, 1875, to Flint Penfield Smith, who was born at Penfield, 
Ohio, his native town having been named after his maternal grandmother. 
He was born September 26, 1853, a son of Hiram and Maria G. ( Pen- 
field) Smith, natives of Ohio and members of leading families of the 
Buckeye state. His early education was secured in the public schools of 
Penfield, and later he attended the schools of Flint, Michigan, to which 
city he came as a youth of fifteen years. On the completion of his 
literary training he began his business life as a clerk with the firm of 
Vanepps & Bailey, grocers, with whom he was connected several years 
as he was also with Smith & Bridgman. In 1874, at the age of twenty- 
one years, he embarked in business on his own account, securing a cap- 
ital of $1,000 from his father, and after five years spent in the commis- 
sion business entered the lumber business with his father, under the firm 
style of Hardwood, Smith & Company. Three years later his father 
died and Mr. Smith continued the business alone under the style of Flint 
P. Smith Lumber Company until 1899. In that year he removed with 
his family to Orvisburg, Mississippi, and engaged extensively in the lum- 
ber business in Pearl River county under the firm name of Champion 
Lumber Company, a venture in which he met with marked success. He 
continued therein six years, and in 1905 returned to Flint, where he lived 
a somewhat retired life, although his capital was devoted to real estate 
investments. His interests were large and varied, and among others 
included a directorship in the Union Trust and Savings Bank of Flint, 
Michigan, of which he was vice president. He was also a director and 
stockholder in the Meridian Savings Bank of Meridian, Mississippi, and 
the Poplarville Bank at Poplarville, that state, was a man in whom his 
associates and the general public placed the greatest confidence, and did 
much to further the interests of the communities in which he lived. He 
died at Flint, April 20, 1909, when the city lost one of its most forceful 
men. He was a Republican in politics and was active in civic affairs, 
although he never sought personal preferment in public matters. Fra- 
ternally, he was a thirty-second degree Mason and a member of the Elks. 
Fie attended the Congregational church and was a liberal contributor to 
its movements. 

Mr. and Mrs. Smith were the parents of two children: Ward B., now 
a resident and business man of Houghton, Michigan ; and Gwenola, who 
is now the wife of Sidnev Tucker Jones, of New York City. Since the 
death of her husband Mrs. Smith has continued in the management and 
direction of his large estate, and has shown herself a capable business 
woman. In 1910 and 191 1 she erected at a cost of over $200,000, what 
is now Flint's largest office building, the Flint P. Smith Building, named 
after her husband and erected in his honor. It is located in the heart of 
the business district of the city on South Saginaw and Union streets, ad- 
jacent to the Grand Trunk Railway and the Pere Marquette Railroad 
depots, the Interurban Lines, and the leading hotels and banks. This is 
the site of the old postoffice, which occupied the property for some twen- 
ty-five years. It is a nine-story office building, containing 164 offices, 



1856 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

with the most modern methods of fireproof construction, and its tenants 
are furnished with every convenience in the way of hot and cold water, 
gas, electric light and compressed air in every room, while elevator serv- 
ice is available at all hours of the day and night. Mrs. Smith maintains 
offices in Room 012-13 in this building, which is also the home of the 
Industrial Savings Bank. Among other structures Mrs. Smith erected 
the Smith building, and has been the developer of the most beautiful 
part of the city. Knob Hill. She is widely known in social circles of 
the citv, in which she is an acknowledged leader, and has been actively 
known also in religious and charitalile work. 

.\i.LiiX D. Sp.\ngli-:r. The oldest produce and fruit commission mer- 
chant of Saginaw, Mr. Spangler represents pioneer stock in central Mich- 
igan : his father ventured to the frontier, and helped establish civiliza- 
tion a little more firmly, and then sacrificed his life for his country dur- 
ing the war ; and the son has known every ]3hase of Michigan develo])- 
ment since the log-cabin school era. He has long Ijeen one of the most 
successful and substantial Saginaw business men. 

In Clinton county, Michigan, Allen D. Spangler was born September 
26, 1857, a son of Jacob and Philena (Drayer) Spangler, natives of Xew 
York State. The father came to Michigan and settled in the township 
of P.ath in Clinton county, where he secured some wild land, chopped 
lown the trees in order to clear a space for his home, and underwent all 
he hardshi]js incident to existence in that section of Michigan. The 
iiearest mills were at DeW'itl, and Okamus, and it was a regular incident 
of family life to make a trip with ox teams to these mills, and Allen D. 
Spangler himself when a boy accompanietl the wagon. It ref|uired one 
entire day to get to the mills and another to return. Jacob Spangler be- 
came a factor in local politics in Clinton county, held various. township 
offices, and when the war came on enlisted and was assigned to the en- 
gineering corps in the Union army. He contracted fever, and his death 
occurred in a hos])ital in Nashville, Tennessee, in 1862. His widow was 
again married and is now living once more a widow, her second hus- 
band having been John W'atling. Her home is now with her daughter, 
lunily, at Lansing. Michigan. To Jacob Spangler and wife were born 
foin- children, Adelbert A. Spangler, whose home is in Woodhull, and 
who is a prominent farmer in Ingham county ; Perry George Spangler, 
a traveling salesman, with head(|uarters in Cleveland, Ohio; F.mily. wife 
of Edward L. Smith, of Lansing. 

Allen D. Spangler, the oldest of the family, has the honor of having 
brought into Saginaw the first carload of California oranges and the 
first carload of liananas. and is the largest dealer in country ])roduce and 
wholesale commission fruit in the city. For the convenient transaction 
of his business seventy-five hundred feet of floor space are re(|uired. 
and he owns one of the most eligible corners in the business district, at 
Genesee and North Water Street. Mr. Spangler's early education was 
received in a log school in Clinton county. At the age of sixteen, his 
business career began, as clerk in the store of George \V. Christian at 
Lansing, and during his stay at Lansing, he also attended the Parsons 
P)Usiness College. That gave him a familiarity with the business forms 
and jJTOved very heljjful in his subsequent career. His tuition at busi- 
ness college was paid for out of his earnings as a clerk. .Vfter three 
rears in his first work, he got a better place with .Amos Turner, who 
subsec|uently moved his store to Perry, Michigan. Mr. Spangler remained 
with Turner four years and then returned to Saginaw, and with his sav- 
ings engaged in business with Darius Diamond, the firm being known as 
the Diamond Grocery Company. This was a retail concern, and was 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1857 

quite prosperous. After one year, Mr. Spangler sold out to his partner, 
and went as manager for the Bentley Oil Company, with which con- 
cern he worked for two years. The J. T. Bell & Company, wholesale 
produce merchants then gave him a responsible place and kept his serv- 
ices for two years. On leaving the Bell Company, Mr. Spangler engaged 
in business for himself, and though his start was exceedingly modest, 
he has developed along different lines and built up the largest and now 
the oldest wholesale produce business in Saginaw. Until he got into this 
business at Saginaw, the largest importation of bananas had been one 
hundred bunches, which was considered a very large shipment, and only 
a few cases of oranges were ever brought in at one time. However, Mr. 
Spangler inaugurated the business on a much larger scale, and with 
greater faith in the local market, and brought in the first carload of Cali- 
fornia oranges, and shipped bananas by the carload. For many years 
Mr. Spangler also owned and operated a fine farm in the Saginaw valley 
running his place in connection with his markets. In 1812 he sold the 
farm and his entire time is now occupied with his large and still expand- 
ing produce market. 

In politics he is a Democrat, is a Knight Templar Mason belongs to 
the Saginaw Country Club, and takes great pleasure in the game of 
golf. Mr. Spangler married Miss Sarah Diamond, daughter of Darius 
Diamond, at one time the partner of Mr. Spangler. They have no chil- 
dren, but Mr. Spangler is a man of such generosity, such love for youth, 
that he has taken two children into his home, given them the best of edu- 
cational advantages, and has now one adopted daughter, IMarion Isabelle 
Spangler. 

Clyde Willis Hecox. Accomplished, large-minded, and progressive, 
Clyde Willis Hecox, editor and manager of the Saint Ignace Enter- 
prise, has the distinction of being the publisher of the only Democratic 
paper issued in the Upper Peninsula, and is known as one of the most 
popular men in his profession. A son of Charles L. Hecox, he was born, 
June 9, 1861, at Vergennes, Kent county, ^Michigan, of pioneer ancestry. 

Charles L. Hecox was a native of the Empire State, coming from 
a family of considerable prominence, some of his ancestors having been 
contractors for the construction of the Erie canal, their contracts having 
been among the first issued for that great work. Leaving New York 
State at a comparatively early age, he came to Michigan as a pioneer, 
settling in Ionia county, where he built and operated the first sawmill. 
Establishing a successful business, he extended his interests, and was one 
of the first lumbermen to invade the rich pine forests of Montcalm 
county. He married Miss Linda Ford, and of the five children born of 
their union four are now living, Clyde Willis being the youngest child of 
the household. 

Educated in Greenville, Michigan, Clyde Willis Hecox was gradu- 
ated from its schools in 1876, and immediately began learning the trade 
of a printer. Serving an apprenticeship in the office of the Green\ille 
Independent, he subsequently made his way to Chicago, where, under 
the regime of Wilbur F. Story, he was for a while employed on the 
Chicago Times. He afterwards worked on the Louisville Courier- 
Journal, and the New Orleans Picayune, gaining both knowledge 
and experience while thus employed. Returning to Michigan, Mr. Hecox, 
in company with Charles R. Stuart, founded the Chippewa County 
Democrat at Sault Sainte Marie, and later was very active in the for- 
mation of Luce county, and founded the Newberry Nezvs. He was 
subsequently editor of the Soo Record, the Soo Nezvs, the Soo Times, 
and the Soo Democrat, having charge of the latter named paper first. 



1858 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

At present Mr. Hecox is editor and manager of the Saint Ignace En- 
tcrprisc, which has a circulation of one thousand copies, and being 
the only Democratic organ in the L'pper Peninsula, is widely read. 
Mr. Hecox has a perfectly equipped plant, furnished with a Babcock 
press, and a Merganthaler linotype. In publishing and editing his paper 
Mr. Hecox employs four men all of the time, and during the season 
doubles his office force, keeping eight men busy. 

Politically .Mr. Hecox is a straightforward Democrat, and interested 
in jniblic aflairs, in 1883-4 serving as village clerk in the Soo, and in 
1904-5-6 serving in Soo as city recorder. Socially he is a member of the 
Upper Peninsula Press Association, and fraternally he belongs to St. 
Ignace Lodge, No. 369, Ancient Free and Accepted Order of Masons ; to 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, of which he was secretary 
for three years; and is a member, and past chancellor commander of Red 
Cross Lodge, No. 51, Knights of Pythias. Religiously he is a member 
of the Presbyterian Church. 

Mr. Hecox married, June 17, 1884, Miss Ella A. Ashmun, daughter 
of Edward and Amanda ( Chapman j Ashmun. For many years Mr. 
Ashmun was Indian interpreter for the Government for the northern 
counties of Michigan, a position for which he was well qualified, having 
been well educated, and speaking several languages fluently. He was 
afterwards in the lighthouse service, and for two terms was postmaster 
at .Soo. Mr. and Mrs. Hecox have four children, namely : Don M. 
Hecox, who married Miss Ethel Howells ; Florence M., wife of George 
E. Sturt; Paul W. Hecox, and Ella Ruth Hecox. Mrs. Hecox is an 
active worker in the Presbyterian Church, to which she belongs, being 
vice-president of the Missionary Society of Saint Ignace, and a memljer 
of the Ladies' Aid Society. She also is a member, and past chief, of the 
Pythian Sisters. 

Leberecht Wasm,und. The Batchelder-Wasmund Company, cut- 
stone contractors and builders, at Detroit, of which Leberecht Was- 
mund is president, is, from the point of its record of long-continued exist- 
ence, its financial responsibilities, its reliability and competence in per- 
formance, one of the foremost concerns of its kind in the state of Michi- 
gan. The president of the company has a particularly interesting career 
of accomplishment, leading from a worker in the ranks of his trade to a 
place of influence and leadership in the state's largest city. 

.\ native of Germany, Leberecht Wasmund was born in the Province 
of llrandenburg, July 14, 1863. Charles and Minnie (Miller) Was- 
mund, his parents, were also natives of Germany, the father born in 1821 
and the mother in 1824. In 1868 Frederick, a son, and Gusta, a daugh- 
ter of Charles Wasmiuid and wife, left Germany and came to America, 
locating in Detroit the same year. In 1870 the rest of the family fol- 
lowed and all were reunited in Detroit. For a period of five years after 
arriving in that city Charles W'asnumd was employed in different occu- 
pations, and finally bought a small farm north of the city and continued 
as a farmer until his death in 188C. His widow died in Detroit in 1894. 

Leberecht Wasmund received his early education in the Lutheran 
parochial schools of Detroit, and took his first commtmion when thir- 
teen years of age. .\r\ apt and studious ininil, before he left school he 
was frequently in charge of the other i>upils as an assistant teacher 
during the absence of the regular teacher. It was his father's ambition 
to educate his son for the profession of teaching, but his financial cir- 
cmnstances never |)erniitted of this course. Instead the boy left school 
at the age of fourteen and began an apprenticeship at the marble cutting 
trade with Mr. ( ilogner. the old marble man of that day. His four years' 




"'"^^, 







^Hy/J" *'-U 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1859 

apprenticeship was followed by work as a journeyman cutter for Air. 
Glogner until 1885. That year marked his first employment for the old 
sand-stone firm of Batchelder & Long, whose stone yard was at the foot 
of Brush street and was the oldest yard in the city. While with that 
firm the serious illness of his father and the fracturing of a limb by 
his mother necessitated abandonment of work at his trade so that he 
might return to the farm to look after his parents. While his home 
was on the farm until the death of his father, after four months, Mr. 
Wasmund resumed work in the city. About that time Batchelder & 
Long had under way the erection of what is commonly known as the 
"Red Stone church" on the corner of Woodward avenue and Edmund 
place. They put him to work on that contract. The foreman in charge 
of the work died, and Mr. Wasmund finished the job as foreman. That 
is considered the finest church edifice in the city, and it is naturally a 
source of pride to Mr. Wasmund that his connection with its con- 
struction was of such a responsible nature and at so early a period of 
his career. Under the superintending of the architect, Air. Wasmund 
also built Trinity, or the James E. Scripp's Memorial church, at the 
corner of Trumbull avenue and Myrtle street. 

The old firm of Batchelder «& Reed about that time became that of 
Batchelder, Reed & Company, the-copipany being Mr. Wasmund. The 
original Batchelder dying, his intei^^sts were, taken by his cousin, John L. 
Batchelder, and still later J ohn.L.>\Vas Succeeded by his son, Charles L., 
and the firm became Batchelder & Wasmund. When incorporated the 
name was slightly amended as Batchelder-Wasmund Company, with Mr. 
Wasmund as president ; C. L. Batchelder, vice-^president ; Gustav Sly- 
vester, treasurer; and W. M. Panzlau; secretary. .The stone yard and 
offices are located at the corner of Jefferson avenue and Fifteenth street. 

The firm of Batchelder & Wasmund erected, among other buildings 
of importance, the fine residences of John B. Ford, Willis E. Buhl, Dr. 
E. J. Torrey, J. Brooks, Bernard Stroh and many others of the very 
finest in Detroit and in Grosse Pointe. The public buildings erected 
by them include the following: The Detroit Y. W. C. A., the Central 
high school, the Cass Technical high school, St. Andrews Memorial 
church, Dodge Bros, factories, the Herman Kiefer Memorial Hospital. 

Mr. Wasmund was married in 1885 to the daughter of the late Stephen 
Maul. She was born in Detroit, and her parents came from Germany to 
Detroit in 1852. The children of Mr. Wasmund and wife are as follows: 
Edward; William S., who graduated from the University of Michigan 
in the class of 1910, played the position of quarterback on the Michigan 
football team four seasons, was regarded as one of the most brilliant 
football generals in the middle west, and at the time of his death, in 
1912, at the age of twenty-four, was acting as coach for the football 
squad of the University of Texas; Alfred; Elsa, who married Capt. 
David Davie, of Detroit ; Frederick W. ; and Henry, who died at the 
age of two years. Mr. and Mrs. Wasmund are members of the German 
Lutheran church. He belongs to the Detroit Builders' and Traders' 
Exchange, the Detroit Board of Commerce and the Lutheran Bund. 

Benj.\min G. Appleby. Head of the B. G. Appleby Company, real 
estate, loans, building contractors and insurance, Mr. Appleliy has been 
successfully identified with the business community of Saginaw as a 
newspaper man, as a real estate expert, building contractor, and as a 
pul:ilic spirited citizen all his active career. He is one of the most pro- 
gressive and enterprising real estate men in the state of Michigan, is 
probably the largest operator in general real estate in the state, is a 
liberal advertiser, and not onlv does a large volume of business but in 



1860 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 



such a way that its results are for the pc-rmancnt improvement and bene- 
fit of the city and vicinity. As a medium in the excliauKC of rcaUv he 
leads all the real estate men of Saginaw, and his reputation in all ines 
of the business is based on reliable dealing and very high class methods. 

Benjamin G. Applebv was born at Milltown. Ontario. January ii, 
1874, the third in a family of si.x children. His parents, Thomas D. and 
iMarv J (Smith) Applebv, were both natives of Ontario, and on both 
sides' the families have long been prominent. Grandfather. N. S. Appleby, 
was well known in jiolitical circles in the Dominion, was a member ot 
Parliament for manv vears, and was also a large timber and mill operator, 
having come to Ca'na'da from England, where his family were of high 
I)olitical and social position. A cousin of the Saginaw business man, 
Sir Hector Mansfield Howell is a prominent lawyer and is King's Coun- 
cilor at Winnipeg, ^Manitoba, and other near relatives were active in af- 
fairs, one lieing a member of the Canadian Judiciary, and several others 
connected with the Dominion Government. David Smith, one of the 
grandparents, was owner of the Mohawk Mills, and an extensive lum- 
ber operator in Ontario. Thomas D. Appleby, father of the Saginaw 
real estate man, was for a number of years an operator together with 
his father and brother on a large scale in Canada, and in 1889 came to 
Michigan, and settled in Saginaw, where he continued his lumber busi- 
ness, as Superintendent of \he A. W. Wright I-umber Company until 
three years before his death. He retired in 1907 and died in 191 1, at 
the age of si.xty-seven. His wife, who was reared and educated in On- 
tario, is now living in Saginaw at the age of sixty-seven. 

Benjamin G. A])plehy attended school in Ontario, and finished his 
education after moving to Saginaw, but left .school before graduation. 
His first experience was in newspaper work with the Saginaw Globe, 
where he started in as a cub and quickly proved himself valuable as an 
advertising solicitor, reporter, and all-around newspaper man. Later he 
was connected with the Detroit Evening Nezvs for seven years doing 
special work, and on leaving Detroit, became identified with the Evening 
Leader and Courier-Herald at Saginaw. While with the Courier-Her- 
ald Mr. Appleby devised and pushed to a practical business success, what 
is known as the "Rural Mail Directory," and this publication found a 
ready sale, and has-been a pros])erity maker ever since. Mr. Appleby re- 
signed his position on the regular newspaper stafi" to give his attention 
to the publication and in 1902 sold out his interests in the directory. Since 
that date his line has been real estate, building contractor, and insurance, 
and has grown from small beginning to rank hardly second to any sim- 
ilar enterprise in the state. His specialties are the building of homes, the 
sale of real estate, business opportunities of improved farm land, and 
a general business in loans and insurance. During the fall of 191-', the 
companv sold more than a quarter of a million dollars worth of Saginaw 
county farms, and Mr. Appleby is probably doing as much tlirough his 
personal contact with investors and through his extensive advertising to 
make known tlie possibilities and resources of the Saginaw X'alley as any 
other local citizen. His business has been built up on the basis of scjuare 
and fair dealings, and he is always ready to stand behind every transac- 
tion made through his company. The comjiany employ the services of 
an expert iiractical farmer, to give advise free of charge to all customers, 
and thus insure that every investor and farmer starts right, provided he 
is not thoroughly informed as to the best methods of handling crops in 
this section o^' Michigan. The P.. C. Appleby Company are members of 
the Saginaw Real Estate P.oard. members of the Xational Real Estate 
Exchange, and their Saginaw ot^ccs are in the Forester's Temple Puild- 
ing, and branch offices arc maintained in Detroit, Grand Rapids, and 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1861 

personal agents represent the firm in different sections of Michigan, 
Ohio, Illinois, Indiana and Wisconsin. 

Mr. Appleby is a director of the German-American State Bank of 
Saginaw, of the Saginaw Board of Trade, and of the Saginaw Y. M. 
C. A. In 191 1 Governor Osborn selected him as real estate expert to 
procure a suitable site for the Michigan State National Guard, and in 
May, 191 1, he obtained twelve thousand acres of land for that purpose, 
and' without a cent of expense to the state government. All local busi- 
ness men have implicit confidence in the judgment of IMr. Appleby and 
his record is, not only one that indicates the best but has also been 
accompanied by much disinterested service to all his patrons and to the 
public generally. 

Mr. Appleby is affiliated with the Masonic Order having taken thirty- 
two degrees in the Scottish Rite and is a Shriner; with the Knights of 
Pythias : and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks ; is a mem- 
ber of the East Saginaw Club ; Canoe Club and other social organizations. 
In politics he is a Republican, and his church is the Episcopal. 

On June 28, 1889, at Saginaw, Mr. Appleby married Miss Grace A. 
Purdy, a daughter of George and Augusta (Allen) Purdy. Her father 
is now deceased, and many years ago came to Saginaw from New York 
State and was well known as a jeweler. Mrs. Appleby is a talented 
musician and has been organist in the various churches in Saginaw. To 
their marriage have been born three children : Elizabeth G., born at 
Saginaw in 1901, and now in the eighth grade of the public schools; Ruth 
E. DeM., born in Saginaw in 1903, and attending the sixth grade; Esther 
G., born in 1903, and in the third grade of the local school. 

Fr.xncis J. Lee, ]M. D. In appreciating the relative value to man- 
kind of the various professions and occupations to which individuals 
devote their attentions and energies, it is the consensus of general opin- 
ion that none is of more importance than the vocation of the practitioner 
of medicine. From the cradle to the grave human destiny rests largely 
in the hands of the physician, not alone on account of the effect he may 
have at the present time, but because of the discoveries being constantly 
made in the field of his science. By reason of his broad knowledge, his 
skill and his devoted efforts in the line of his chosen calling, Dr. Francis 
J, Lee holds a distinctive place in the ranks of the medical profession in 
Grand Rapids, where he has been in the enjoyment of an excellent prac- 
tice for the past sixteen years. He is a native of Durham, Ontario, 
Canada, and was born January 22, 1868, a son of Robert and Mary 
(Reinbird) Lee. 

Ralph Lee, the paternal grandfather of Doctor Lee, was born in 
Ireland, from which country he emigrated to America and became one 
of the very earliest settlers of his section of Ontario. There he settled on 
a farm, which he cleared from the timber, and continued to be engaged 
in agricultural pursuits throughout the remainder of his life. The ma- 
ternal grandfather, also a native of Ireland, passed away in the old coun- 
try. Robert Lee, father of Doctor Lee, was born in 1827, on his father's 
homestead, received a somewhat limited education in the primitive schools 
of his day, and early in life learned the trade of carpenter. Gradually, 
as the years passed, he drifted into contracting and building, and in this 
line won much success. His latter years were devoted to farming, and 
he died on his place in Ontario in 1907, aged eighty years. In 1851 Mr. 
Lee was married to Mary Reinbird. who was born in Ireland and came 
to Canada in young womanhood, where she died in February, 1914, at 
the advanced age of eighty-six years. They became the parents of eight 
children, of whom Francis J. was the seventh in order of birth, seven 



1862 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

children still survive. Mr. and Mrs. Lee were members of the Episcopal 
church. He was a Conservative in politics, but was a quiet, unassuming 
man, and never sought public preferment. 

The early education of Doctor Lee was secured in the public schools 
of his native place, and he early expressed a predilection for a profes- 
sional career. Accordingly, he was entered as a student in McGill Uni- 
versity, ]\Iontreal, Canada, from the medical department of which insti- 
tution he was graduated in 1896, and in that same year came to Michigan 
and took up his practice at Ada. After two years in that place Doctor 
Lee came to Grand Rapids. He is known as one of the finest anatomists 
in the state, having taught anatomy for five years in the old Grand Rapids 
Medical College, of which he was also secretary. His business has steadily 
increased so that at this time he is physician to many of the best families 
in the city. A keen diagnostician's sound judgment in methods of treat- 
ment, and marked skill, combined with an inherent sympathy and kindly 
nature, have won him rank among the ablest physicians of this city. He 
has never ceased to be a student of his beloved profession, and avails 
himself of all the aids that will further him in his work of relieving the 
distress of mankind. Pie has had post-graduate work in Chicago and 
Montreal. He is also an interested member of the Kent County Medical 
Society, the Michigan State ^Medical Society and the American ^ledical 
Association and served for four or five years as secretary of the county 
organization. He is vice-chief of the staff of the U. B. Hospital, but the 
greater part of his time is devoted to his private practice. In politics he 
is a Republican, but the activities of public life have held out little at- 
tractions to him. His fraternal connection is with the jMasons. in which 
order he has attained the Scottish Rite and Shriner degrees. 

I 

Leo J- RiMMELE. Since 191 1 sheriff of Saginaw county. Mr. Rim- 
mele has been known to the citizens of this county since his boyhood, has 
been recognized as an industrious, independent man of action, and few 
ofiicials in the county have entered office with so thorough confidence on 
the part of their supporters. 

Leo. J. Rinnnele is a native of the city of Waukegan, Illinois, where 
he was horn November 14, 1854. a son of Ignatz and Chriscinia (Laur") 
Rimmele. lloth parents came from the Province of Baden, Germany, to 
America in 1848, settling first in Illinois and later mo\ing to Milwaukee. 
There his father became foreman in a warehouse, and lived there until 
the outbreak of the war. In the early months of the war he served as a 
recruiting officer, and then went to the front as captain of Company F 
in the Forty-Fifth Wisconsin \"olunteers, continuing until the close. He 
took part in many of the southern campaigns and battles, and among 
others was a participant in the brilliant engagement at Xashville, to- 
wards the close of the war. .After his discharge he settled in Saginaw, 
and was engaged in the li(|uor business there until his retirement. He 
finally returned to Milwaukee, where his death occurred August 29, 1885, 
when he was lifty-four years of age. His wife died in Saginaw in 1883, 
also at the age of fifty-four. 

The second of the four children in his parents' family. Leo J- Rim- 
mele was educated in the schools of Saginaw, and after he left school he 
started to earn his living with no capital, and has dejjended upon his own 
efforts to advance him throughout his career. His first business experi- 
ence was in the retail meat business, and he learned that trade thoroughlv, 
later engaging in the grocery trade, and finally sold out his interests in 
both lines in 1911. Soon afterwards, his ])opularity as a citizen and his 
well known efficiency as a man of action, led to his nomination and elec- 
tion to the office of sheriff" of Saginaw county, and since then his ad- 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1863 

ministration has made him known and brought him the favorable com- 
mendation of all classes of the county's population. Besides his present 
office as sheriff, Mr. Rimmele served two terms as supervisor, and as 
alderman for two terms. 

He is one of the leaders in the local Democratic party, and his fra- 
ternal affiliations are with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
the Knights of Pythias, and the A. U. \'. In 1884 at Saginaw, Mr. 
Rimmele married Miss Phillipine Bauer, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Jacob Bauer, early settlers in Saginaw. 

Floyd E. Andrews. It is probable that the law has been the main 
highway by which more men of merit have advanced to prominence and 
position in- the United States than any other road, and it is not unusual 
therefore to find among the leading citizens of a community a legal prac- 
titioner. During the past seventeen years Floyd E. Andrews has been 
engaged in a large and representative law practice at New Baltimore, 
in addition to which he has been well known in the business field and in 
public matters. He was born at Bergen, Genesee county. New York, 
August 8, 1866, and is a son of George J. and Marian J. (Hart) Andrews. 

George J. Andrews was a native of the Empire state, from whence he 
migrated with his family to Michigan during the early seventies, and 
settled on a farm in the vicinity of Battle Creek, in Calhoun county, 
where during his active years he was successfully engaged in agricultural 
pursuits. He is now living retired and makes his home at New Balti- 
more, being seventy-five years of age. Mrs. Andrews, who also survives 
at New Baltimore, is seventy-two years old, and has been the mother 
of four children, as follows: Dr. George R., a successful practicing 
physician of Detroit ; Floyd E. ; Frank W., a resident of New Baltimore ; 
and Julius J., who died at LeRoy, Michigan, in 1894, at the age of twenty 
years. 

Floyd E. Andrews was a small lad when he accompanied his parents 
to Michigan, and his early education was secured in the district schools 
of Calhoun county, where he was reared on his father's farm. Subse- 
c[uently he became a student in the Battle Creek High school, from which 
he was graduated in 1886, and at that time began his law studies in the 
office of Median, Hulbert & Mechan, attorneys of Battle Creek. Later 
he went to Harrison, Michigan, where he was admitted to the bar No- 
vember 9, 1889, and shortly thereafter went to Lansing and established 
himself in practice. For some time he was employed in the office of the 
Secretary of State, but in the spring of 1897 left Lansing and came to 
New Baltimore. Here his devotion to his calling, his systematic and 
methodical habits, his discretion in judgment, his diligence in research 
and his conscientiousness in the discharge of every duty, have made him 
recognized as one of the able and leading memliers of the bar and have 
attracted to him a large and constantly growing practice. He is a mem- 
ber of the Macomb County Bar Association and has taken an active in- 
terest in its work. For some years, in connection with his practice, Mr. 
Andrews has been engaged successfully in the insurance and real estate 
business, his associates in which have found him a man true to every en- 
gagement. A Democrat in his political views, he has taken a keen and help- 
ful interest in civic matters, and his five terms as president of the village 
of New Baltimore were marked by progress and improvement in the com- 
munity's government. 

On July 6, 1890, Mr. Andrews was married at Tupton, Michigan, to 
Miss Winnifred W. Westfall, daughter of Charles G. and Charlotte Jane 
(Chase) Westfall, a well-known pioneer family of this state. Mr. West- 
fall met his death at the hands of Indians in the early seventies in North- 



1864 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

erii Michigan, while the mother died in 1909. in advanced years. Mr. 
.'\ndre\vs devotes the greater part of his time to his practice and his 
business, but enjoys the companionship of his friends, and is popular 
with his fellow-members in the local lodges of the Modern W'oodmen of 
America and the Knights of the Maccabees. 

Jon.\ L. J.\CKS()N. .Something over thirty years ago a small m.-tchine 
shop was established in Saginaw, and that small industry was the original 
of what is now one of Saginaw's greatest industrial plants, the Jackson 
& Church Iron Works. John L. Jackson, who originally started the 
business in 1880 has developed his individual enterprises in proportion 
to the growth of this industry, of which he is now the president, and his 
name is connected in official capacity with several other large concerns. 
He is president of the Herzog Art Furniture Company, and of five brick 
manufacturing plants — the Saginaw Brick Company, the Grande Brick 
Conipanv at (irand Rapids, the South Michigan lirick Company at Kala- 
mazoo, the Jackson-Lansing Brick Company at Kives Junction, and the 
North Indiana Brick Company at Michigan City. 

John L. Jackson, whose importance in the industrial enterprise of 
Saginaw is thus briefly ?ndi<grt?d,was born in this city, August 19. 1854, 
and belongs to one of tlic -pioneer families. His parents were Thomas L. 
and \'eronica fBlatz) j^ack.son. His father, a native of England, for 
many years followed tbe^sea as a sailor up to 1852. In that year he came 
to Alichigan and settled at Saginaw, and became one of the foremost citi- 
zens in infiuence and activity... He was a farmer, a merchaiU, served as 
county treasurer for four years, was superintendent of the county poor 
for thirty years, and at his death on Octolier 8. 1898. at the age of seventy- 
four Saginaw city and county mourned his loss as that of a man whose 
value to the community had been often tested. His wife was born in 
Germany, came to America, as a girl with her father, was educated and 
married in .^aginaw, where her death occurred in 1881 at the age of 
forty-seven. There were only two children and the other son died in 
boyhood. 

John L. Jackson was reared and educated in Saginaw, attending the 
public schools, and after leaving school bis first experience was along the 
line which his father had followed, and for one year he sailed the salt 
seas as a common sailor. Coming to the great lakes he spent two sum- 
mers as a fireman and engineer, and also studied in a private school dur- 
ing the winter months. Perfecting himself in the trade of machinist 
to which his abilities and tastes inclined him, be took up his trade as a 
journeyman during the seventies, and followed this up to 18,80 in different 
localities in the state. Returning to Saginaw in 1880 he went to work 
in a foundry and machine shop, and soon established a small business 
of his own. In 1894 Mr. Jackson formed a partnership with Mr. Church, 
his present partner, and under their combined efforts the establishment 
grew and flourished until it is now one of large proportions, employing 
from one hundred to two hundred men, and manufacturing machinery 
;ni<l supplies for a trade of much more than local character. In 1902 the 
business was organized and incor])orated under the laws of Michigan, 
the three constituent meml>ers being Mr, F. D. Church, Mr. .A. G. Roeser 
and Mr. Jackson. In 1900 the firm of Jackson, Church i^ Company took 
over the McGregor i<: Jackson Boiler Shop, Mr. Church buying out the 
McGregor interest. This business is now consolidated with the Jack- 
son & Church Company. Mr. Jackson also has interests in the Saginaw 
Table and Cabinet Company, and the Saginaw Specialty Company. 

In politics he is a Democrat, and was alderman two vears and trustee 
of the Auditorium for five years. /Vt St. Louis, Michigan, on January 









-M Puij 



^BXl 





'.a-i 




HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1865 

I, 1881, John L. Jackson married Miss Sadie Smith, who died January 26, 
1913. Her parents were Martin S. and iNIary C. Smith, of a well known 
family. Mr. and Mrs. Jackson became the parents of three children: 
Mrs. Edyth M. Ressegye of Saginaw, and the mother of one daughter, 
Mary : Thomas ]\I. Jackson, of Saginaw ; and Mrs. Inez V. Connery of 
Saginaw. 

Henry J. Barber. An active and successful member of Detroit's 
circle of contractors, Mr. Barber has been closely identified with the 
building interests of Detroit for a period of sixteen years, during which 
time as a contractor and builder of his own properties success has been 
continuous and in increasing proportion, until at the present time he is 
not only one of the leading plaster contractors, but is the owner of much 
\;aluable improved real estate. His career is an interesting one, demon- 
strating what industry, perseverance, close application and pluck will 
accomplish. Born in a log house on a farm, receiving only a meager 
schooling so far as text-books go, and beginning his active career under 
adverse circumstances, he has built up a large and growing business 
as a contractor, accumulated a fair share of this world's goods and estab- 
lished a reputation as a contractor, citizen and man which receives the 
admiration of his friends and all who know him. 

Henry J. Barber was born in what is known as Cedar Swamp, Ox- 
ford township, Oakland county, Michigan, January 13, 1879, son of 
Richard S. and Eliza (Golf) Barber. Richard S. Barber, the father, 
was born in Ohio, was brought to ^Michigan by his parents, who founded 
a home in Oakland county, where he was reared and continued to live 
until 1884. In that year the father took his family out to South Dakota. 
then known as Dakota Territory, and took up two government land 
claims near Aberdeen. His venture as a farmer in the far northwest 
was a disastrous experience, and repeated failure of crops finally drove 
him back east, though in the meantime he had proved up one of his 
claims, and abandoned the other. Returning to [Michigan in 1892, Rich- 
ard S. Barber engaged in the carpenter's trade, moved to Detroit and 
became a carpenter contractor, and so continued for a number of years, 
but is now following a somewhat more leisurely life and is in the employ 
of his son, Henry J. Flis wnfe died while the family lived in South 
Dakota. 

At the age of thirteen Henry J. Barber came to Detroit in 1892, 
making his home with an aunt. His first practical work began in 1893 
in the laying of lath, but he soon afterwards went to work as a car- 
penter. In 1898 [Mr. Barber began plaster contracting, and from the 
beginning has made a success of that line. For three years he was a. 
member of the firm of Bason & Barber, since then has carried on busi- 
ness under his own name, and has done plastering work as a contractor 
on hundreds of residences, flats, apartment houses, stores, etc. An 
important feature of his business and source of his prosperity has been 
the building on his own capital of difi'erent types of residence structures, 
and he has erected upwards of a hundred residences, flats, apartment 
houses and stores for sale or rent. At the present time he owns and 
rents a number of valuable pro])erties. The special distinction which 
Mr. Barber has gained in the building trade in Detroit is in stucco work. 
He is probably the leading contractor in that line. His beautiful resi- 
dence on Pennsylvania avenue is a specimen of his workin stucco, and 
is the most attractive home on that avenue or in that section of the city. 
' Mr. Barber is a member of the Detroit Builders' & Traders' Exchange 
and belongs to Banner Council of the National Union. It should also 
be mentioned that Mr. Barber has probably started more men on sue- 



1866 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

cessful careers of their own than any other contractor in Detroit. At 
least thirteen former employes have left him after a thorough training 
in the business to take up contracting independently, and several of these 
men learned the trade from beginning under his direction. 

Mr. Barber married Bertha 1 lennecke, who was born at Lake Lin- 
den. Michigan, daughter of Francis 1 lennecke. To their marriage four 
children have been born, as follows : Bertha Mary, Eleanor Elizabeth, 
Henry Francis and Harvey I'rcderick, but the last named died at the 
age of four years. 

Prof. Arthur R.\tiii-:k. In one of the most difticult of the learned 
professions. Prof. .Arthur Rather has advanced himself to an enviable 
position through the force of his own talent and industry. Still a young 
man, his broad learning, his enthusiasm, his devotion to his chosen fiel^ 
of labor and his undoubted ability to impart to others his own vast store 
of knowledge, ha\e gained him high prestige, and it is the consensus of 
opinion among his fellow-workers in the line of education that he is one 
of the most thoroughly informed instructors in Macomb county. Pro- 
fessor Rather was born in Huron county, Michigan, February 3, 1S86, 
and is a son of Henry and Mary (Bueschlen) Rather. His father, a 
native of Oconomow'oc, Wisconsin, came to Michigan as a young man 
and engaged in agricultural pursuits, in which he has been engaged with 
some success to the present time. He is the owner of a h.andsome proj)- 
erty in Huron county, and is now fifty-two years of age. Mrs. Rather 
was born in County Huron, Canada, and accompanied her parents to 
Huron county, Michigan, in young womanhood. She still survives and 
is forty-eight years old. Henry and ^lary Rather have four children, 
all of whom have shown a predilection for educational work : Arthur, 
of this review ; Mola, a popular school teacher of Macomb county : Selma, 
who is a teacher in the schools of Elkton, ^Michigan ; and Howard, now 
attending the Michigan Agricultural College, preparing for an educational 
career. 

Arthur Rather received his early education in the rural schools of 
Fluron county, spending the summer months in assisting his father in 
the work of the homestead farm. He next entered the Mount Pleasant 
Normal school, from which he was graduated in 1908, and this was sup- 
plemented by a literary course in the University of Michigan. Thus thor- 
oughly prepared, he entered upon his work as an educator at McBride, 
Michigan, where he acted in the capacity of principal of schools for two 
years, and then came to New Baltimore, where he has since been in 
charge of Hathaway Institute. .Since assuming hi? jiresent duties Pro- 
fessor Rather has brought the entire course of study in the institiUe up 
to the standard of the course of the University of Michigan. He is popu- 
lar alike witli students and teachers, and few men have become better 
known in educational circles in so short a period of time. At present he 
is a valued member of the educational board of the village of New Balti- 
more. Although he has found no time to engage actively in public affairs, 
he has shown a commendable willingness to aid movements calculated to 
make for progress, and his influence is always foiuid on the side that is 
aiding in his conmiunity's welfare. 

While a resident of Blount Pleasant, Michigan, in .August, 1008, Pro- 
fessor Rather was united in marriage with Miss Crace \\'right, the esti- 
mable daughter of Mr. and Mrs. .Arthur Wright, who are well and favor- 
al)ly known residents of Isabella county. Mr. and Mrs. Rather have had 
no children. 

Joseph A. Tromblf.v. In 1882 when he was sixteen years old, Joseph 
A. Trombley came to Saginaw, and in the city of that time started out 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1867 

alone, almost friendless, and with only a few dollars in ready money, 
to make his fortune. His was the start of thousands of boys, but though 
he started equal his attainments have been much above the ordinary, and 
he has long since outdistanced many of those who started even with him 
at the beginning. Mr. Trombley is well known as an architect, a de- 
signer, a practical artist in all kinds of wood construction, and maintains 
a large plant in Saginaw, devoted to the manufacture of boats ami other 
classes of fine woodwork. 

Joseph A. Trombley was born at Quebec, Canada, February 13, 1866. 
The sixth in a family of ten children whose parents were Magloire and 
Adela Trombley, his father and mother being of the same name, but not 
related. Both parents were born and reared in Canada, and the father 
conducted a large blacksmith and woodworking plant in Quebec, where 
he died in 1910 at the age of eighty-nine years. The mother passed away 
in 1875, when forty-six years of age. 

Joseph A. Trombley was reared in Quebec, attended the ])arochial 
schools there, and had some experience in the shops of his father, which 
strengthened his inclination and tastes for what has proved his perma- 
nent vocation in life. Coming to Saginaw in 1882, two years later Mr. 
Trombley set himself seriously to mastering the carpenter's trade, and 
following it as a regular workman for fifteen years. 

In igoi Mr. Trombley established in business for himself, and in 
Tgo6 organized and instituted the Trombley Boat Works, of which he 
is sole owner. This establishment not only builds boats of different kinds, 
but manufactures large quantities of fancy woodwork for churches, fine 
residences and office equipment. For a number of years Mr. Trombley 's 
reputation as an architect has been growing throughout Michigan, and 
he has designed and supervised the construction of many schools and 
other buildings in the state. 

His politics is Independent, and his church is the Catholic. At Saginaw 
in 1888, Mr. Trombley married Aliss Julia Plent, a daughter of Stephen 
Plent. a well known pioneer of Saginaw, now deceased. Five children 
were born to Mr. and Mrs. Trombley in their Saginaw home, and they 
are mentioned, as follows: Agnes, born in 1894, and died in 1909; Flor- 
ence, who is attending high school: Edward, born in 1899, and also in 
high school; Blanch, born in 1900, and now the youngest scholar on the 
west side attending high school, being thirteen years of age: Arthur, 
born in 1902, and in the grade schools. 

WiLLi.^M W. Mountain. As president and general manager of the 
Flint Varnish Works, Mr. Mountain is one of the leading business execu- 
tives in Flint commercial affairs. His success illustrates the value of 
keeping to one line of business. As soon as he left college he entered 
a varnish establishment, and has practically known no other line of busi- 
ness, except as an investor in later years. He knows the varnish busi- 
ness as a manufacturer and as a salesman, as an humble employe and as 
an owner and official, and his success in that line has brought him promi- 
nence among the business men of the state, and at Flint he has long 
been regarded as a citizen who performs many valuable services in be- 
half of his community. 

William W. Mountain was born at Howell, in Livingston county, 
Michigan, November 2, 1862. His parents, both of whom were natives 
of New York State, and came to Michigan and settled in Livingston 
county among the pioneers, were Robert S. and Cecelia (Pruden) Moun- 
tain. His father was a contractor and builder in Livingston county, and 
died at Logansport, Indiana, in 1898, at the age of fifty-five. During 
the Civil war he went to the front with Michigan troops, and saw active 



1868 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

service. The mother, who was educated and married in Xew York State, 
died in Indiana in 1903. They were the parents of three children. 

William W. Mountain, the first in the family, grew up in Livingston 
county, attended the schools at Howell, and later entered the University 
of Indiana, where he was graduated in the literary course. On leaving 
college he entered the em])loy of the Murphy \'amish Company, at Cleve- 
land. Ohio. He remained seven years as a salesman with that concern, 
and then became manager of the varnish business of the Sherwin-\\"il- 
liams Co., Cleveland, which position he held until he moved to Flint 
and found similar employment with the Flint \'arnish Works. From 
the position of salesman he has been promoted from one responsibility 
to another, until he now fills the place of president and general manager 
of a million-dollar corporation. The Flint Varnish Company is one of 
the largest industries in Flint. Its paid-up capital is one million dollars, 
and the annual value of its product is above that amount. One hundred 
and sixty persons are employed in the factory, with si.xteen in the office 
stafif, and eighteen on the sales force. The factory covers one entire 
block at Hamilton and St. John streets, and is a four-story brick building, 
supplied with excellent railroad facilities for the distribution of its 
product. 

In the political field Mr. Mountain has never ventured, and maintains 
an independent attitude on political questions. Fraterally he is affiliated 
with the Masonic C)rder through thirty-two degrees of Scottish Rite, the 
Knights Templar, and belongs to the Mystic Shrine, and the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks, of which he is e.xalted ruler. 

.'\t Howell, Michigan, April 19, 1S92, Mr. Alountain married Miss 
Julia Iluck, daughter of Leonard Huck. Her father is now deceased. 
Mr. and Mrs. Mountain have two children, Airs. Maude Edgecomb, who 
was born at Howell, and now lives at Flint, being the mother of one child, 
William B. Edgecomb ; and Grace M. Mountain, born at Cpnnersville, 
Indiana, a graduate of Akeley Hall, Grand Haven, and now attending 
Thomas' Training School in Detroit. Mr. Mountain is well known and 
I)opular in both social and business circles, and is very fond of outdoor 
recreation of all kinds. 

August Goes. Now president of the C. L. Roeser Company, at Sag- 
inaw, one of the largest retail concerns handling hardware and farm im- 
plements in the state, Mr. Goes has had a business career of very notable 
progress, having started as a farm worker, was employed in a creamery 
in both his native state of Wisconsin, and in Michigan, finally became a 
clerk in a hardware establishment, and after some years as a commercial 
traveler, engaged in the sale of implements, he became identified with the 
large concern of Saginaw, of which he is now the executive head. 

August Goes was bom at Jeft'erson, Wisconsin, March 17, 1863. His 
parents were John 'SI. and Mary Anna (Peffer) Goes, both natives of 
Germany, where they were l)orn in 1826. The father came to America in 
1852, taking uj) farm land in Jefferson county, where his life was (|uietly 
spent as an agriculturist until his death in 191 1. The mother died in Jef- 
ferson county in 1895. There were six sons and one daughter in the 
family, the daughter, Lydia, dying at the age of twenty in 1893. Hie 
sons are: John, Leonard, Michael, all three of whom are living "in \\is- 
consin; August; and George and Henry, both residents of Montana. 

.August Goes was reared in Jeft'erson county, Wisconsin, attended 
the local public schools there, and imtil he was twenty-two vears of 
age, lived on a farm. His next experience was in a creamery, and 
two years were silent in that work in Michigan. .After a vear's ex- 
perience as a grocer clerk, he began selling farm implements for a Sag- 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1869 

inaw firm, and three years later became a traveling salesman for the 
Aultman, Miller & Company, covering the state of Michigan for three 
years with the well known line of implements and machinery, manu- 
factured by that concern. On leaving the Aultman company, Mr. Goes 
began his connection with the C. L. Roeser firm, selling farm implements 
for eight years. In 1904 he bought out the interest of Air. C. L. Roeser, 
and since that time has been president of the company. The business was 
incorporated at that time, and the other officers are : John G. Roecker, 
vice president; Fred G. Roecker, secretary. This firm does the largest 
business in this part of the state in the distribution of farm implements 
and hardware to the retail trade. 

Mr. Goes is a Republican in politics, is affiliated with the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, and his church is the Episcopal. At_ Detroit, on 
August 18, 1897, he married Miss Ellen Amelia Versel, a daughter of 
John and Mary \'ersel, the former now deceased. To their marriage 
has been born one son, John Lyman Goes, born at Saginaw, July (), 1900, 
and now attending school. 

Albert N. Treadgold, M. D. The medical profession has in Tuscola 
an able and popular representative in the person of Dr. Treadgold, who 
is engaged in successful practice at Cass City and whose professional 
laliors extend also into the adjoining counties of Sanilac and Huron and 
this demand for his services giving adequate voucher for his technical 
ability and his personal popularity. The Doctor has not confined his ener- 
gies solely to his profession, but his mature judgment and progressive 
policies have led him into divers business enterprises, in each of which 
he has been successful, the while he has made incidental contribution to 
the civic and material advancement of the community. He is aggressive 
and far-sighted as a man of attairs and as a citizen he is most liberal and 
public-spirited. He has won success and independence through his own 
efforts and well merits the proud American title of self-made man. 

Dr. Albert Nathan Treadgold was born at Collingsiftood, Gray county, 
Ontario, Canada, on the 26th of September, 1870, and is a son of Edmund 
and Alary (Taylor) Treadgold, who came to Alichigan in the autumn of 
1879 and settled on a farm in Austin township, Sanilac county. The father 
not only developed one of the valuable farms of this section of the state, 
but also was specially successful in the handling of real estate, in which 
his operations were extensive for a number of years. In 1902 he removed 
from his farm to Cass City, and he li\ed virtually retired during the last 
fifteen years of his life. He died on the i8th of November, 1913, at the 
venerable age of eighty-one years, two months and sixty-two days, and 
was one of the well known and highly esteemed citizens of this part of 
the state. He was a Democrat in his political proclivities, but would never 
consent to become a candidate for public office. He was a member of the 
Baptist church, as is also his widow, who still resides in Cass City. Con- 
cerning their children the following brief data are given : Alary Ann is 
the wife of Anthonv Richards, of Huron county: George H. resides in 
the city of Port Huron, this state: Sarah H. is the wife of Luther Karr, 
of Cass City: Alanton Wright Treadgold is a successful fruit-grower at 
The Dalles. Oregon ; Dr. William Edmund Treadgold was graduated in 
the Alichigan College of Aledicine and Surgery, in 1892. and is engaged 
in the active practice of his profession at Akron, Tuscola county : Dr. 
Albert Nathan Treadgold, of this review, was the next in order of birth : 
Fannie Susan is the wife of John Henry Waldon, of Detroit, Alichigan: 
and Clara Alaude is the wife of Donald AIcArthur, of Lawrence, Kansas. 

Dr. .Albert N. Treadgold was about nine years of age at the time of 
the family removal to Sanilac county. Alichigan, and there he was reared 

Vol TV- -8 



1870 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

to adult age on the homestead farm, in Austin township. After com- 
pleting the curriculum of the district schools he entered the high school 
at Alarysville, St. Clair county, in which he was graduated, 'iiiereafter 
he completed a course in the Ferris Institute, at Big Rapids, and for four 
years he was found as a successful and popular teacher in the schools of 
Sanilac county. In 1894 he entered the Alichigan College of Medicine 
and Surgery, in the city of Detroit, and in this institution he was gradu- 
ated as a member of the class of 1897, with the well earned degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. The Doctor began the practice of his profession at 
Kilmanagh, Huron county, where he remained four years. He then, in 
1901, removed to Cass City, Tuscola county, where he has since con- 
tinued in active general practice, as one of the zealous and representative 
physicians and surgeons of this section and with a clientage of important 
order. He is a close student of his profession and thus keeps in touch 
with the advances made in medical and surgical science. He has not de- 
nied himself the most arduous application in his profession and is fully 
alive to its dignity and responsibility, but his powers seem to have no as- 
signed limitations and he has proved himself resourceful and successful 
as a business man. His ambition and courage have given him admirable 
reinforcement and he has not been afraid to put them to the severest 
tests. Since 1912 he has conducted a successful drug business in his 
home town ; he has been a prominent and inHuential dealer in real estate ; 
he is the owner of and gives his personal supervision to a well equipped 
lumber yard in Cass City, the same controlling a large and substantial 
business; and he was one of the leading figures in the organization of the 
Home Telephone Company of Cass City, in which he is a stockholder at 
the present time. In the year 191 3 Dr. Treadgold gave employment to 
thirty men and his pay roll represented a total expenditure of $40,000. 
His various enterprises, entailing such an expenditure, had patent intlu- 
ence in furthering the civic prosperity of Cass City, where his business 
activities have been centered. At Bandon, Oregon, the Doctor is the 
owner of 326 acres of valuable timber land, the tract being close to the 
water front and within four miles of the village of Bandon. At Pierre, 
South Dakota, he is the owner of a fine village property. In his home 
town he holds much valuable real estate, including his attractive resi-^ 
dence property. The Doctor has been an indefatigable worker, as even" 
the brief outlines of this sketch indicate, and from the time he initiated 
his independent career up to the present he has had virtually but one vaca- 
tiou, this itself being a semibusiness trip to Oregon. 

In politics Dr. Treadgold gives his allegiance to the Republican party, 
and he holds membership in the Michigan State Medical Society, and the 
American Medical Association, besides being identified with various fra- 
ternal and social organizations. His wife is a leader in social, charitable 
and benevolent affairs in Cass City and is a most gracious chatelaine of 
their hospitable home. 

On the 20th of July, 1S97, Dr. Treadgold was united in marriage to 
Miss Lillie Bell Thomas, wdiose birth name was Morrison, she being 
adopted by the Thomases. She was born in the city of Buffalo, New 
York, of Scottish lineage. The one child of this union is \'ernita Lucile 
Carolyn, who was born at Kilmanagh, Huron county, on the ist of June, 
1899; she is now a student in the Cass City high school, as a member of 
the class of 1917. 

Casper Haehnle H, now deceased, was in his day a well-kimwii 
figure in business circles of Jackson. As the founder of the Haehnle 
lirewing Company of Jackson, a concern that is still in existence and is 
among the prosperous industrial enterprises of the city, Air. Haehnle 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1871 

made a name for himself in Jacl<son that is lasting, and that reflects 
great credit upon his energy' and business ability. 

Casper Haehnle was born at Gingen, Wurtemburg, Germany, on Jan- 
uary 19, 1853, ^"d he died in Jackson, jMichigan, on February 10, 1893, 
when he was little more than forty years of age. His father, Casper 
Haehnle I, came to the United States alone in 1854, leaving his wife 
and children in Gemiany, it being his intention to send for them later. 
In 1867, at the age of fourteen, Casper II came over and joined his 
father in this country. The latter had upon first arriving here spent 
some time at Detroit, being employed merely as a w-age earner. Later 
on he embarked in the brewing business here in Jackson, but he soon 
removed to Marshall, Michigan, where he followed the brewing business 
until his death in 1869. Meanwhile, prior to his death, he was married 
again and his children had come from Germany. In 1870 the family 
returned to Jackson. Here Casper Haehnle II, with some associates, 
became the founder of the Haehnle Brewing Company, and he success- 
fully conducted the enterprise then founded until his death in 1893. 
Since that event it has been just as successfully handled by his son, 
Casper Haehnle III, though it should be said- that the latter was but 
a youth of sixteen years when his father died, and but eighteen when 
he took charge of the brewery. The son has also added to the brewing 
industry an ice manufacturing plant, and the two plaints are today 
ranked among the most prosperous industries of Jackson. 

Casper Haehnle II was married in Jackson, Michigan, on December 
19, 1875, to Miss Mary Baltz, who, together with five children, survive 
him. The widow resides at No. 416 South Jackson street, this city, in 
the south half of a splendid double frame house, which she caused to 
be built in 1901. Mr. Haehnle was a man of marked energy and enthu- 
siasm, and the possessor of much enterprise and public spirit. He was 
a kind-hearted man, affable in manner, and known widely as the friend 
of the workingman, often being known to provide work for men in his 
plant when there was really no need for their services, so that, regardless 
of the times, his plant always ran at capacity. He had just completed 
the present spacious brick brewery on Cooper street, which he had built 
to take the place of a former frame building wdiich had burned, when 
he was summoned by death. The new property, completed at an ex- 
penditure of a good many thousands, was modern in every detail, and 
Mr. Haehnle anticipated much additional business prestige from its 
operation. His son, then sixteen years old, two years later took charge 
of the business, and has since conducted it in a manner that reflects 
much credit upon his father as well as upon himself. In the operation 
of the plant and its kindred affairs he has been ably assisted by Mr. 
and Mrs. J. C. Berger, the latter being a sister of Mrs. Mary Haehnle, 
his' mother. Mrs. Berger herself is especially deserving of credit for 
the success of the business, for immediately upon the death of Mr. 
Haehnle she took complete charge of the office and the management of 
the business, and attended to its every detail during the first two years 
before the son became old enough to become manager, and even since 
the son, Casper III, took charge of the outside management, Mrs. Berger 
has maintained complete charge of the books and of the office work. 

Casper Haehnle II was a valuable business man in his community. 
He was a liberal-minded and public-spirited citizen, a kind huslxmd and 
father and a faithful friend. He was a member of the Arbeiter \'erein 
and of the Harmonic Society, both German in their nature. His passing 
was widely deplored in and about Jackson, and a host of people mourned 
his loss. 

The Haehnle family is one to which considerable interest attaches. 



1872 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

and further facts relative to their migration to American shores and ih.eir 
actvities here are offered in connection with the brief facts set forth 
above in regard to the business enterprises of them. 

Casper Haehnle I came to America in 1H54, setting hrst at Detroit, 
later going to Jackson, then to Alarshall, where he died in 1869. Still 
later, after the death of the father, Casper Haehnle II and the family 
returned to Jackson, as has been intiinated in an earlier paragraph. 

■The widow of Casper Haehnle II was born in Detroit on December 
^S) 1855; ii'id her maiden name was Mary Baltz. She was a daughter 
of Frederick Baltz, a native of Germany, who died when his daughter 
was four years old, and of Amelia (Mauch) Baltz, also of German 
birth. She died on May 3, 1910. They were married in Detroit, and 
there spent their wedded lives. After the death of j\Ir. Baltz, his widow 
became the second wife of Casper Haehnle I, the father of him whose 
name heads this review. It will thus be seen that the widow of Casper 
Haehnle II is a daughter of the second wife of her husband's father, 
a somewhat unusual complication. The marriage of the elder couple 
took place some years before that of their children. 

The five children of Casper and Alary (Baltz ) Haehnle are as follows: 
Casper Haehnle III, now managing the brewery business, as has been 
previously mentioned; Amelia, the wife of William Kast, a well-known 
druggist of Jackson, and a member of the firm of Kast & Hoftinan ; 
Benedict, of Los Angeles, California; Lillian, the wife of George E. 
Parks, of Chicago ; and Bertha, who married Roy E. Stanley, of Rich- 
mond, Indiana. 

Walter J. Hunsaker. For upwards of thirty years, Walter J. Hun- 
saker has been identified with Alichigan journalism. Since 1902 he has 
been the publisher, editor and one of the owners of the Saginaw: Daily 
Courier-Herald, and by buying the half interest of Governor Osborn in 
1913, has become sole proprietor of this well known and influential news- 
paper. Mr. Hmisaker got his first experience in newspaper work, over 
forty years ago, while he was still a boy, and is regarded as one of the 
ablest and best known in his profession in the state at the present time. 

Walter J. Hunsaker was born at Keokuk, Iowa, September 19, 1857. 
His parents were George T. and Emeline (Coddington) Hunsaker. His 
early life was spent at Carthage, Illinois, where he was educated in private 
schools and Carthage College. In 1872, in that town, he got his first 
acquaintance with practical newspaper work, and from 1879 to 1S85 was 
publisher of the Creston .RcpiibliLaii and Daily Gazette in Iowa. In 1885, 
Mr. Hunsaker was an editorial writer with the Alinneapolis Journal, and 
then became night editor on the Detroit Tribune, being promoted to man- 
aging editor of that journal in 1888. He was managing editor of the 
Detroit Eveninij Journal from 1892 to 1902, and in the latter year bought 
a half interest in the Saginaw L^aily Courier-IJerald. Mr. Hunsaker 
understands newspaper inihlishing in all its details, is a practical man at 
the business and through his enterprise has made the Courier-Herald one 
of the most profitable and influential jotirnals in the state. Mr. Hunsaker 
is president of the Michigan Republican Newspaper Association, a mem- 
ber of the Republican State Central Committee and president of the 
Michigan Fish Commission. On October 21, 1S85, he married Alma Lyle 
Clarke, of Creston, Iowa. 

Hex. RoLLix Harlow Persox. Judge Person has been for forty 
years a Michigan lawyer, and for the last fifteen years identified with the 
bar of Lansing. Besides his success as a lawyer, he was for about nine 
years a judge of circuit cijurt. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1873 

A native son of Michigan, Judge Person was born in Livingston 
county, October 15, 1850, a son of Cornelius Harlow and Lucinda (Staf- 
ford) Person. Cornelius H. Person was born in New York state in 
1822, and came to Michigan as a youth of fifteen years, the same year 
that Michigan was admitted to the Union as a state. He settled near 
Howell, where he engaged in farming throughout the remainder of his 
career. He also followed school teaching and was known as one of the 
best informed and best read men of his day and locality. Judge Person 
was reared on the old family homestead, and his father supervised his 
early education. That training was so thorough that by the time he had 
reached his nineteenth year he was able to pass the examination and 
secure a teacher's certificate. He was engaged as an educator for two 
years, and upon reaching his majority began to attend public school, 
paying his way with money he had earned while teaching. He was given 
a first-grade teacher's certificate in 187 1 and in the same year was ap- 
pointed deputy register of deeds of Livingston county. In 1872 he began 
the study of law with Dennis Shields, and in 1872-73 was a student at 
the law department of the L'niversity of Michigan at Ann Arbor. The 
latter year saw his admission to the bar and his marriage, and after the 
latter event he took his bride to Nebraska, locating at Republican City, 
then practically a border town and the scene at that time of a county- 
seat war and of numerous Indian troubles. Judge Person's cash cap- 
ital when he arrived at Republican City was less than five dollars. For- 
tunately the county clerk, who was also the register of deeds, felt the 
need of a vacation, and hearing of Mr. Person he offered him all the fees 
of the office if he would take charge for a time. He subsequently lived 
in a dug-out upon a tract of government land and entered into the prac- 
tice of his profession at Republican City. Eventually, however, the grass- 
hoppeu plague, which materially injured the prosperity of that section, 
drove Judge Person back to Michigan, and at Howell he engaged in the 
practice of law in 1875. 

Judge Person served as recorder of Howell in 1876 and 1877 and as 
circuit court commissioner in 1877 and 1878, and then again resumed 
practice. In 1891 he was again called to public office, when he was ap- 
pointed judge of the newly organized Thirtieth Judicial Circuit, and 
served in that capacity from February ist to April ist, when he was 
elected to fill a vacancy in that circuit for three years. In 1893 he was 
nominated by all the parties in the field for judge of the same circuit, 
and was elected without opposition for the full term, expiring in 1899. 
As the end of his term approached. Judge Person decided to refuse re- 
election and since that time has practiced in Lansing with success and 
distinction. In the summer of 1913. just forty years after he had entered 
the office of Dennis Shields as a student of law. Judge Person formed a 
partnership with Edward C. Shields, son of Dennis Shields, and chair- 
man of the Democratic state committee of Michigan. 

In July, 1873, Judge Person was married to Miss Ida May i\Iadden. 
daughter of Judge" Madden, of Monmouth, Illinois. Four children have 
been born to this union : Harlow S., professor of Commerce and In- 
dustry at Dartmouth College: Harry J., a successful business man of 
Lansing: May, residing at home with her parents; and Armand, a student 
at Dartmouth College. 

Albert H. Ryckman. The material development of Saginaw and 
vicinity owes much to the ability of Albert H. Ryckman as a prominent 
contractor and builder. For a number of years he has been identified 
with the structural interests of this part of Michigan, and has to his credit 
a remarkably long list of achievements in houses and large public build- 



1874 HISTORY OF .MICHIGAN 

ings. Mr. Ryckman has become noted for his good management in the 
handling of all contracts committed to his care, and furnishes both a sub- 
stantial and practical responsibility to his every undertaking. 

Born in Sanilac county, Michigan, October 29, 1863, with a common 
school education, with the experience as identified with his father's farm, 
he went through a thorough apprenticeship there as a carpenter, and 
after some years of journeyman work at Calumet and other places has for 
the past six years been an independent contractor and builder, and in that 
time has the following record of practical achievements in the field of 
construction : — the Auditorium Building, the Sommers Brothers factory, 
the Strable Manufacturing Company's plant, the Wilcox Engineering 
plant, the addition to the Plate Glass factory, the addition to the Saginaw 
Table Company's plant, the Saginaw Sheet Aletal Works, the Schmelzer 
apartments, the Schmelzer furniture building, a nine story structure, the 
Germania school building, the Y. W. C. A. building, the Wilcox-McKim 
factory, the Cash Register factory now in course of construction, and a 
large number of the finer residences, including the beautiful home of .Mr. 
A. Lemke and many others. 

Mr. Ryckman was the third in a family of eight children, born to 
William and Harriet (Badgers) Ryckman. His father, a native of Can- 
ada, came to Michigan in the early fifties, and was a farmer in Sanilac 
county up to five years before his death, when he removed to Huron 
county, and died there in Februarj^ 1910, at the age of seventy-eight 
years. The mother was also born in Canada, and was educated and mar- 
ried in that state. 

Mr. Ryckman is Independent in politics, is affiliated with the Independ- 
ent Order of Foresters, belongs to the Methodist Episcopal church, and 
his associations in Saginaw are with the leading business men of that 
city. He is very popular and is well known in many parts of Michigan. 

In 1895 at Bad Axe, Michigan, Mr. Ryckman married Aliss Phoebe 
Spooner, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Spooner. To their mar- 
riage have been born six children, named as follows : Earl, who died in 
infancy; Emerson, who was born in 1895 at Bax Axe, and is now attend- 
ing night school; Hazel, born at Bad Axe in 1897; Ethel, bom at Bad 
Axe in 1900; Y'era, born in 1905 in Saginaw; Lillian, born in 1907 in 
Saginaw. All the children are attending school. 

As.\ T. Sanderson. Probably one of the best known and most pop- 
ular business men of St. Charles. Michigan, Asa T. Sanderson is a native 
of the East, having been born IMay 2, 1850, at Fenner, Madison county, 
New York, a son of William Shakespeare and Rhoda M. (Humiston) 
Sanderson. His father, a native of Yorkshire, England, came to the 
United States at the age of seventeen years and settled first in New York, 
where he attended Casanovia Seminary and was graduated in law. He 
was admitted to the bar of the Empire State, and followed his profession 
there until 1856, in which year he made his way westward to Michigan. 
Taking up his residence at St. Charles, he continued his practice here, 
and also engaged in the lumber business on a large scale, being equally 
successful in both lines of endeavor. His career was cut short at its most 
promising point, however, for he passed away in 1866, when but thirty- 
six years of age. During his residence at St. Charles he occupied numer- 
ous positions of trust and importance in the township of that name, and 
gained and retained the esteem and respect of his fellow-citizens. A 
pioneer in the lumber industry, he did much to foster its growth and 
development, and the position he held in the confidence of his Ijusiness 
associates was impregnable. jMrs. Sanderson was born in New York, and 
first met her future husband while attending Casanovia Seminary. She 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1875 

was of Scotch parentage and was a lady of culture, refinement and many 
social graces, and at the time of her death, in October, 191 1, when seventy- 
nine years of age, was one of the highly beloved ladies of St. Charles. 
Six children were bom to Mr. and Mrs. Sanderson: x\sa T., Harry H., 
Frank E., Miss Annie, Clarence E. and Fred W. 

Asa T. Sanderson received his education principally in schoolhouses 
of the log variety, and when still a lad began to assist his father in his 
operations in the lumber industry. He was but thirteen years of age and 
the oldest of his parents' children when the father died, and he became 
the chief support of the family, working for others in the lumber business 
until he could accumulate some small capital and then embarking in busi- 
ness on his own account. In the meantime he also carried on agricultural 
operations, and was thus engaged until reaching his thirty-fourth year, 
when he engaged in the hardware business at St. Charles. He was the 
proprietor of this business for thirteen years, following which he disposed 
of his interests and for four years lived a retired life. It was not Mr. 
.Sanderson's nature, however, to continue to remain idle, and in February, 
1906, he established his present enterprise, which has developed into the 
most successful in its line at St. Charles. Each of his ventures has proven 
successful, and his standing in commercial circles is accordingly high. 
He has an excellent stock of the most up-to-date goods, well chosen for 
the needs of his large and constantly growing trade. Mr. Sanderson's 
business activities have been carried on in such a manner as to gain the 
good will and confidence of the people, and like his father he has been 
called upon to fill responsible offices. A member of the Republican party, 
he has been elected to every position of importance within the gift of the 
township, and served with distinction as a member of the Forty-first and 
Forty-second Legislatures, where he supported many important measures 
relative to the welfare of Saginaw county. Fraternally, he is connected 
with the Knights of the Maccabees and the Masonic Blue Lodge, being 
the present master of his home lodge. He is likewise widely known in 
banking circles as vice-president of the State Bank of St. Charles. 

On June 9. 1888. ]\Ir. Sanderson was married at St. Charles, Mich- 
igan, to Miss Kitty Stewart, daughter of Alfred Stewart, a well-known 
pioneer of this section, now deceased. Three sons have been born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Sanderson, namely: Stewart C, born at St. Charles in 1889, a 
graduate of St. Charles High school, and now his father's partner in the 
dry goods business; Glenn Dale, bom October 26, 1891, a graduate of St. 
Charles High school, and now attending Albion College : and Lester M., 
born in March, 1894, a member of the class of 1914, St. Charles High 
school and now a student in the dental department of the University of 
Michigan. The Sanderson home is one of the handsome and modem 
family residences of St. Charles. 

George Willi.\m Stolz, among the merchants of Saginaw, has the 
distinction of having within a brief period of years built up the largest 
jewelry house in that city, and his establishment is now regarded as 
one of the leading stores of the shopping district. It is the place above 
all others where the trade in high-class gold and silver goods and jewelry 
is supplied, and not only the equipment but the management of the 
business are a credit to Saginaw^ 

G. William Stolz is a native of Saginaw, bom in this city April 5, 
1862, a son of John and Meta (Neumann) Stolz. His father was born 
in Gunsenhausen, Bavaria, and the mother in Mulsum, Hanover, Ger- 
many. The elder Stolz came to Saginaw in 1852, at a time when the 
city was onlv a straggling village, containing only a few business houses. 
In 1858 John Stolz was married, and his wife died March 26, 1902, when 



1876 HISTORY OF .MICHIGAN 

sixty-nine years of age. John Stolz was born in 1833, acquired the trade 
of butcher in Germany, and after coming to Saginaw started in business 
with limited means and on a small scale, but by giving the best of service 
and by persistent application to his work, became highly successful, accu- 
mulating much valuable real estate, so that in 1894 he was able to retire, 
and afterward lived in the enjoyment of past labors. His death occurred 
on the 30th of April, 1914. He was a Republican and belonged to St. 
John's Lutheran Church. There were only two children, and the son 
Henry died in infancy. 

G. William Stolz grew up in Saginaw, was educated in the public 
schools, worked under his father and obtained a thorough knowledge 
of the butchering trade, and at one time directed his studies toward the 
Lutheran ministry, attending the German Lutheran Seminary at Colum- 
bus, Ohio. However, his career was finally diverted into commercial 
pursuits, where his inclinations were strongest, and in i88g he started 
in business for himself at 412 Genesee avenue. His first stock of 
jewelry was a modest one, but he was soon getting a big trade and ex- 
tending his business, and for a long term of years has stood in the front 
rank of local jewelers. In icjo6 Mr. Stolz moved from his first location 
and opened a business in the modern three-story business block at the 
corner of Genesee and Baum streets, a structure especially remodeled 
by him. There he has a large and well-lighted store room, supplied with 
all the equipment and facilities for his special business, and his stock 
and his large importations are the best in the Saginaw valley. A num- 
ber of clerks and skilled assistants are required in the operation of the 
store. 

Mr. Stolz has undaunted faith in the future of Saginaw as a business 
community, and he built and owns the large manufacturing plant occu- 
pied by the C. \V. Henning & Sons Company, a number of stores and 
office buildings. His fine home is at 906 Holland avenue, and on Timber 
Island, on the shores of Saginaw Bay, he has a fnodest summer home, 
where he and his family spend the open months of the year. 

Mr. Stolz is affiliated with the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, the Royal League, the Royal Arcanum, is one of the choir singers 
in the Germania Society, and has an active part in social and business 
affairs. In 1912 he toured Europe and the Orient, and visited the home 
of his parents, also other interesting points in Germany and Austria. 
In 1913. in company with his two daughters, he again made a European 
tour, and that time visited Germany, Austria, Holland, France and Eng- 
land. On November 2. 1884, Mr. Stolz married Miss Lisette Besch, who 
was born in Saginaw, a daughter of Joseph and ^^lary (Schenk) Besch, 
a pioneer family of this city, her father having been prominent as a 
stone and marble manufacturer. Of the seven children born to their 
marriage two are deceased, those living being: \'iola Flora, a graduate 
of the Saginaw high school; Florence, also a high school graduate; Marie, 
Harold, and Helen. 

John A. Ci-mmerer. A business man and manufacturer of Saginaw, 
who is both enterprising and prosperous, Mr. Cimmerer began his busi- 
ness career without capital, and by his persevering industry and ability 
has gained a place where he is regarded among his associates as one of 
the most aggressive and far-sighted commercial leaders in the Saginaw 
\'allev. \\'hile gaining substantial rewards of effort for himself, he is 
also an imi)ortant factor in making his home city a center of permanent 
business and industry. 

Born in Erie county, New York, October 9, 1862, he is the third in 
a family of five children, born to Henry and Phoebe (Staley) Cimmerer. 



* 



THE MW TOM 






HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1877 

Two of the children are deceased, and the two still living are Levi and 
Henry. In 1873, the parents moved to Michigan, settling in Genessee 
county. In that section in that year pioneer conditions still prevailed to 
a large extent, and the father, who was a contractor and builder, was one 
of the earlv men in his vocation in that part of the country, and built 
many of the first houses in Genessee and Clare counties, and all over that 
part'of the state. The father is now retired at the age of seventy-eight, 
and the mother is seventy-four years of age. 

John A. Cimmerer in early youth attended the district schools, and 
spent his nights in study. At an early age, his ambition for larger at- 
tainment than the average was evidenced, and in school he showed his 
disposition as a leader by keeping up ahead or close to the head of his 
class. The summer months were never spent in idleness, and being strong 
and vigorous at the age of eleven years he took his place at the side 
of his father and helped in the heavy work of the farm. While working 
thus on the old homestead, a merchant named Stringer from Otisville 
was attracted by the evident industry and capability of the boy, and after 
a conference with the father, secured the youth's services as clerk in 
the store. Thus he spent six months with the firm of Stringer & Os- 
born. and the following year resumed his studies in sclioel. The next 
vacation was spent at work in a flour mill at Otisville, conducted by his 
cousin. He spent most of his time there packing flour. That was fol- 
lowed by another clerical job with a Mr. Patton. -and that in turn by 
work in a creamery at Flint. That was more or less of a permanent po- 
sition, and he held it for considerable time. Then, with a companion, 
he went to Harrison, ]\Iichigan, and^ readily found work in the lumber 
camps of a big firm of W. H. & F. A. Wilson. Though still a young 
man, he took his place as a sawyer alongside the hardiest and strongest 
and experienced lumbermen, and continued all that winter in the felling 
of trees at the lumber camp. The exposure of this severe labor brought 
on a cold and such ill health that he was no longer able to stand the 
rigors of a Alichigan winter in the woods. Leaving the camp he ap- 
proached Mr. \\'ilson at Harrison, explained the situation, and sug- 
gested that if given inside work in the saw mill he would be able to keep 
on with his work. He was therefore given a position on what is known 
as the edger, and at the end of one week had displaced the man who 
taught him the job, and better still his health was in a short time entirely 
restored, and he continued at the lumber camp until the following :\Iay. 
While on a visit to his parents Mr. Wilson sent for him to take the man- 
agement of the camp store, and after that he remained with the Wilson 
firm for seven years. That was followed by a period of business on his 
own account at Hatton in Clare county, where he remained an inde- 
pendent merchant for a year and a half, selling out at a good profit. 
He then resumed service with Mr. Wilson, on the understanding that in 
case a proposed deal in Florida should be consummated by which the 
Wilson firm was to begin the clearing and cutting of forty thousand 
acres of timber, Mr. Cimmerer was to take charge of the General Store 
in connection therewith. This proposition was not negotiated, and Mr. 
Cimmerer soon resigned and opened a general store at Harrison. _ His 
three years there was marked by success similar to what he had enjoyed 
at Hatton, and on selling out he transferred his interests to Saginaw, 
and engaged in the grocery business. This kept his energies employed 
for a year and a half, and since then he has been connected with a larger 
field of enterprise. About that time the Highland \'inegar Company 
was in financial straits, and a company was organized in Saginaw to buy 
out the assets. Mr. Cimmerer was one of these reorganizers and after 
the purchase had been made the other members of the syndicate pre- 



1878 HISTORY OF AIICHIGAN 

vailed upon him to take the position of general manager of the concern, 
he having been elected secretary and treasurer of the company. To 
perform his duties he removed to Highland, and at once took charge of 
the plant. Although he knew absolutely nothing about the manufacture 
of vinegar and pickling business, he possessed just the aggressive tem- 
per and the openminded intelligence, which seldom fail, when confronted 
by difficulties that perseverance may overcome. In a short time he had 
the company on a paying basis, and the plant was kept at H^ighland for 
eleven years. In 1902, the entire business was removed to Saginaw, 
large modern building secured from the Hoyt Estate, and the name of 
the enterprise changed to the Oakland Vinegar & I'ickle Company. This 
manufacturing concern is now known all over the country, and its pro- 
ducts are sent to many states. The particular territory in which these 
products are distributed are the states of Ohio, Illinois, Minnesota, Iowa, 
Nebraska, Wisconsin and ^Michigan. Mr. Cimmerer is nov/ regarded as 
an expert in the vinegar and pickling business, and his advice is often 
sought from outside concerns. 

A successful business man himself, he has taken his position among 
the leaders in commercial affairs at Saginaw. For two terms he was 
president of the Saginaw Board of Trade, resigning at the end of his 
second term. He is a member of the Board of Park and Cemetery Com- 
missioners of Saginaw. He is also counsel for this district of the 
Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America. Though a 
Democrat he has never sought any honors in politics. His fraternal 
affiliations are chiefly with the Masonic Order, in which he has taken the 
blue lodge, chapter and comniandery degrees, and belongs to the ^iystic 
Shrine ; also with the Bene\olent and Protective Order of Elks, and with 
other fraternal associations, is a member of the East Saginaw Club, and 
his church is the Presbyterian. 

At Flint, Michigan, in 1885, Mr. Cimmerer married Miss Mary E. 
Requadt, a daughter of John A. Requadt, now deceased. Mr. and Mrs. 
Cimmerer have one child: Mrs. Irma May Hubbell, who was born in 
Harrison, Michigan, and now lives in Saginaw, the mother of one child, 
Mary Elizabeth Hubbell, born in 191 1. Mr. Cimmerer owns a tine home 
in Saginaw, and a summer cottage at White Lake, ^^lichigan, where he 
and his wife and daughter spend their vacations. 

Osc.-VR R. Kr.m'sk. The president of the Banner Brewing Company 
at Saginaw is a business man whose success has been distinctive and a 
citizen, whose philanthropic impulses and activities have made his place 
one of usefulness and honor in the community which has been his home 
since childhood. 

Oscar R. Krause was born at New Baltimore, Michigan, December 14, 
1859. His parents Francis and Johanna (Sliefert) Krause, both natives 
of Germany, came to America in 1850, immediately after their marriage 
and coming to Michigan were among the first settlers in the vicinity of 
New Baltimore. They located on a farm, and it was on that old home- 
stead that the Saginaw brewer was born. Later in 1868 they moved to 
the city of .Saginaw, where his father took up mercantile lines, and con- 
tinued until his death in 1907 at the age of seventy-nine years. The 
mother passed away in Saginaw in 1893, when sixty-three years of age. 

His early training was in the public schools of Saginaw, and with the 
conclusion of his studies in the local schools, he quickly found a place for 
himself in the world of aft'airs where he could be self-supporting and 
where his energies quickly brought him success and influence. In 1900 
Mr. Krause took the leading part in the organization of the Banner Brew- 
ing Company, and this has since grown to be the largest establishment of 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1879 

its kind in the Saginaw valley. There are about forty men on the pay- 
roll, and the products are shipped to all parts of the state. The annual 
capacity is sixty thousand barrels. Mr. Krause is also a director in the 
German American Bank at Saginaw. Politically he is an indepenflent 
Democrat. His fraternal associations are with the Knights of Pythias, 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Fraternal Order of 
Eagles, and the Arbeiter Verein. At Saginaw in 1883 Mr. Krause mar- 
ried Aliss Mary Martin, whose father, Andrew Martin, was born in Ger- 
many, and died in 1906, and was a well known brewer in Detroit. 

Mr. Krause is a citizen whose effective aid is extended to every 
worthy enterprise in his home city. He is popular and genial, has a large 
circle of friends, and has built up a very flourishing business, which is 
regarded as one of Saginaw's leading industries. Mr. Krause is very 
fond of hunting and fishing, and on Saginaw River maintains a private 
clubhouse, at which he spends his summer vacation. A fine steam launch, 
handsomely fitted up and furnished, carries himself and his friends back 
and forth from the city, and the club house is always at the disposal of 
his friends. 

Cecil E. Park. The high position occupied by Cecil E. Park among 
the leading business men of Flushing, Michigan, has been attained 
through earnest and consecutive etifort. Beginning at the bottom, thor- 
oughly learning every detail of the business which he had adopted as his 
life work, and gradually advancing to the ownership of one of the lead- 
ing business ventures of its kind in the county, he has displayed energy, 
perseverance and progressive spirit, and is well entitled to the success 
which is his and the general confidence in which he is held. Mr. Park 
was born in Rose township, Oakland county, Michigan, November 29, 
1856, and is a son of Mortimer and Cordelia (Leland) Park. His father, 
a native of New York state, came to Michigan in 1837 as a pioneer set- 
tler, first following farming and subsequently engaging in business as a 
hardware merchant. In December, 1863, he came to Flushing, where he 
was active in public afl^airs and served as township trustee, township 
treasurer and in other offices.- He died in October, 1905, at Flushing, at 
the age of seventy-two years. Mr. Park was a Republican and a loyal, 
trustworthy and public-spirited citizen. During the Civil War he enlisted 
for service in the Eighth Michigan Battery, but after about one year 
received his honorable discharge on account of disability, having con- 
tracted illness in Mississippi. Mr. Park married Miss Cordelia Leland, 
who was born in Michigan, a daughter of Jeremiah Leland, a Michigan 
pioneer of French descent. Mrs. Park died in 1903, at the age of si.xty- 
eight years, at Flushing, the mother of five children, of whom three are 
jiving: Cecil E. ; Catherine, a resident of Flushing; and Preston, whose 
home is at Flint. 

Cecil E. Park received his education in the public schools of Flushing, 
which he attended until reaching the age of eighteen years. His first 
position was in the tinshop of his father's business, where he learned the 
tinner's trade, following which he entered his father's store and there 
thoroughly familiarized himself with every detail of the hardware busi- 
ness. From 1883 until about five years before his father's death he was 
associated in business with the elder man, and then purchased his inter- 
est and has continued to carry on the business alone. This has proven a 
decidedly successful enterprise, the annual business done amounting to 
between $12,000 and $15,000. To be recognized as a useful and con- 
structive citizen of a community in these modern days of intelligent com- 
petition, means something, and investigation usually discloses that an 
individual so brought forward beyond his fellows possesses abilities and 



1880 HISTORY OF MICHIGAX 

qualitications of a higli order. Such at any rate is the case with Air. Park, 
for his activities are carried on in an ahle and businesslike manner, and 
through honorable dealing he has w'on the high esteem of those with whom 
he has been brought into contact. P'olitically a Republican, he has served 
as township clerk for seven years. He is treasurer of Alasonic Blue Lodge 
Xo. 223, belongs to Flushing Chapter, and is a Pythian Knight. 

^Ir. Park was married at Burlington, Kansas, in 1886, to ]\liss Susan 
Stoutemyre, a native of Ohio and a daughter of Isaac Stoutemyre. They 
have had no children. 

\\'iLi.i.\M Simpson. The president and proprietor of the \\'illiams 
Simpson Ice & Coal Company at Saginaw, is an example of the man who 
starts out with absolutely no capital only his individual ability and judg- 
ment to help him in the world, and who finally reaches a place of inde- 
pendence and secure prosperity. 

William Simpson was born in Saginaw. September 26, 1867, and be- 
longs to a family of old settlers in this vicinity. His parents were James 
and Mary ( Butcher ) Simpson. His father, a native of England came to 
Alichigan when a boy, and engaged in farming in Gratiot county, where 
he still resides at the age of seventy-three. The mother died in 1878 
when thirty years of age. There were five children, of whom William 
was the second. 

After leaving the public schools of ^Michigan, which gave him all his 
school advantages, he got his first experience in the milling business and 
then became identified with the ice and coal trade. His present enter- 
prise was started in 1893, on a very small scale, and has been developed 
by good management. Two wagons are used in the distribution of the 
products handled. There is a large ice and storage plant owned by the 
firm on Hess Avenue. Mr. Simpson has taken considerable part in 
political affairs, has served two terms as school inspector and is an active 
Democrat. His fraternal relations are with the Royal Arcanum. 

In October, 1893, in Saginaw, Mr. Simpson married Celinda Stebbins, 
a daughter of Frank Stebbins. who still lives in Saginaw. Both her par- 
ents were born in Maine, and have lived in Saginaw for the past forty 
years, her father being a veteran of the Civil war. The only child of 
their marriage is Howard Simpson, born at Saginaw in 1903, and now 
attending school. 

Anthony W. Bartak. There is something inspiring in the life story 
of a man who has fought his way over obstacles and through difficulties 
to prominence and prosperity, and at the same time achieved no less for 
his community than for himself. The very existence of some of our 
most prosperous cities rests upon the activities and accomplishments of 
his class. To labor long and faithfully and by so laboring win success is 
a noteworthy* personal distinction, but to contribute at the same time to 
the wealth and welfare of a growing city is to typify the best that lies in 
American citizenship. Traverse City has become one of the most thriv- 
ing and enterprising commercial and industrial centers of Western Mich- 
igan, and its prestige in the business world is due to the efforts of such 
men as Anthony W. Bartak. His activities in advancing the material in- 
terests of the city are so widely known that they can be considered as no 
secondary part of his career of signal usefulness. He belongs to that 
class of representative Americans who, while gaining individual success, 
also promote the public prosperity. His place is foremost among those 
individuals who have conferred honor and dignity upon the comnninity 
no less by his well managed business interests than by his upright and 
honorable life. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1881 

Born in Grand Traverse county, Michigan, May 22, 1858, Mr. Bartak 
is a son of Wenzil and Lucy (Vitzpalikj Bartak, natives of Austria, who 
emigrated to the L'nited States in 1853. While on their way from New 
York City to Chicago, occurred the death of their then only child, Eliz- 
abeth, aged six years, at Rochester, New York, and these people, strangers 
in a strange land whose language they were unable to speak, were com- 
pelled to leave their little daughter behind and to journey on to their desti- 
nation. After a short stay in Chicago they came on to Grand Traverse 
county, Michigan, and here took up wdd land, intending to engage in farm- 
ing. This property, however, proved worthless the soil being principally 
sand, after a hopeless struggle of nine years they purchased another prop- 
erty, four miles from the present city limits of Traverse City, where they 
were located for more than ten years. The father, a cabinet maker by 
trade, worked at that vocation during the winter months and thus added 
materially to the family income. In 1873 the family moved to Traverse 
City, where the elder Bartak engaged in undertaking, and continued in 
this business until his retirement in 1893. He died in 1908, at the age 
of eighty-three years, after a lifetime of hard work and honest labor, in 
which he gained and retained the universal respect and esteem of the 
community. Airs. Bartak passed away at the age of sixty-seven years, 
having been the mother of six children : Elizabeth, who died at the age 
of six years; Anna, who was seven years of age at the time of her death: 
Amelia, who is the wife of Frank Votruba, a leading merchant of 
Traverse City; Anthony; Mary, the wife of Charles Wilhelm, also a 
merchant; and Matilda, who studied music at Florence and Berlin, is a 
graduate of the Boston Conservatory of Music, is now teaching music in 
Pennsylvania, and is the widow of Angus McAIanus who was engaged in 
the general merchandise business at Traverse City* until his sudden death. 

After attending the graded and high schools of Traverse City, to the 
age of seventeen years, Anthony W. Bartak assisted his parents on the 
home farm until eighteen. He then became a clerk in the store of Mrs. 
George Furtsch, and two years later married her daughter. In 1880 he 
formed a partnership with Charles Wilhelm and Frank Votruba, brothers- 
in-law, engaging in the grocery and harness business in a modest way 
under the tirm style of Wilhelm, Bartak & Company, which was destined 
to become one of the leading enterprises of Traverse City. The business 
steadily prospered, and in 1890 the tirm built one of the finest business 
blocks in the city, known as the City Opera House Block, which con- 
tained, in addition to the opera house and office quarters, three stores, 
which constituted the lower floor, and two of which were occupied by the 
firm, one for the harness and saddlery business and the other for the 
grocery establishment. This building cost twenty-five thousand dollars, 
and the company employed from ten to twelve clerks. In 1904 Mr. 
\'otruba withdrew from the firm to continue in the harness business, and 
Wilhelm and Bartak under the firm name of Wilhelm, Bartak & Com- 
pany, continued to devote their attention to the large grocery trade. A 
large loss by fire was sustained in 1906 and in the following year the 
partnership was dissolved, at which time Mr. Bartak erected a new 
block and engaged in business at 146-148 Front street, with his son 
Edward E., as junior partner under the firm name of A. W. Bartak & 
Son. Under the popular name The Majestic, this has been built up as 
one of the largest retail grocery concerns in the city, with an establish- 
ment modern in every particular and a model for neatness and arrange- 
ment. The store room is 33x150 feet, and seven people are required to 
look after the interests of the large trade. Mr. Bartak is the largest im- 
porter of fancy groceries in the city, and commands the custom of the 



1882 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

most representative people of the community, as well as the large resort 
trade. 

His business ventures have been of varied character and extensive 
nature, and have contributed greatly to Traverse City's importance as a 
center of business. Through his efforts was organized the Traverse City 
Milling Company, of which he was the first president, and in 1906 he 
organized the Traverse City Lock Company. Both time and money have 
been devoted to the promotion of an interurban railroad between Old 
Mission and Traverse City, a project now under consideration of eastern 
capitalists. Mr. Bartak was one of the organizers of the ]\Ianistee River 
Power Company, and its treasurer until its absorption by the Common- 
wealth Company. It was his intention to organize a large paper mill 
there, but when the company was merged with the large corporation he 
gave up this plan. Mr. Bartak is also president of the Traverse City 
Brick Company, which was organized by him and several other prominent 
business men. He is a stockholder in the People's Savings Bank and 
the Boardman River Light & Power Company. His private interests also 
include the ownership of several valuable farms in Grand Traverse 
county, considerable city realty, including his modem residence at iii 
West Eighth street. His intense desire to bring about the organization 
of enteqjrises which would benefit his community has frequently cost 
him large sums, but his puljlic spirit at all times has been above selfish 
motives. Having succeeded himself, he has been desirous to help others 
to success, and the full extent of his practical charity in this direction will 
probably never be known. 

One of his, most helpful services to his city occurred in 191 2, when 
the city council decided to purchase what was claimed to be a tract of 
fourteen acres for park purposes. The site had been used during the old 
lumber days as a dumping ground for sawdust, much of which is still in 
evidence. Mr. Bartak knew that the tract contained much less than four- 
teen acres, that the price was exorbitant, and while others were ii^ert on 
the matter and willing to have the public finances sacrificed, he showed 
his independence by circulating a petition remonstrating against the pur- 
chase. The petition was ignored by the city council. Mr. Bartak then 
enjoined the city council, and the injunction was sustained by the courts. 
A later investigation disclosed the fact that instead of nearly fourteen 
acres as claimed by the council the property contained only three and 
three-quarters acres. The plan was dropped, and the citizens of Traverse 
City were saved the not inconsiderable sum of twenty-eight thousand 
dollars. 

This is only one of many instances which might be cited to illustrate 
Mr. Bartak's courage and decision in his civic leadership. He has been 
keenly alert to the needs and wants of the people, and courageous and 
outspoken in their behalf. During a recent campaign to establish a com- 
mission form of government, Mr. Bartak was convinced that the plan 
w'as advocated chiefly for the purpose of terminating the services of a 
city official who was supposed to be unfit for the honorable position he 
held. Conse(|uently he voiced his protest against the change until the 
city's affairs might be cleaned up, advocating that it was the moral duty 
of the people to vindicate or remove an erring official first, and not con- 
sider a change of government for the sole purpose of evading their re- 
sponsibilities. Later, at a business men's meeting, twenty volunteered to 
act as a committee and together with their representative, Mr. J. R. 
Santo, who had already arranged with Governor Ferris for a meeting, 
to give prestige to the cause before the governor and bring about impeach- 
ment of the city official. On the day set, when the party was to leave for 
Lansing, the only committee members to appear were Mr. Bartak and F. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1883 

Hunter. In spite of this defection, these gentlemen carried out their 
plan, and so ably handled the affair that the proceedings took place and 
the offending official was removed from office. This is but one instance 
where Mr. Bartak has kept his given word in the discharge of the duties 
which he considered right. He has been fearless in his defense of his 
opinions, whether upon religious, legal, political or personal matters, and 
it is but natural that in taking such a stand he shoidd have made enemies. 
But the better class of citizens realize his sincerity, his honesty and his 
absolute disinterestedness, and those who disagree with him are found 
greatly in the minority. As a rule he supports the principles and can- 
didates of the Democratic party. He has taken some interest in fraternal 
matters, being a Master Mason and a member of the Knights of Pythias, 
and has numerous friends in both orders. 

In May, 1878, Mr. Bartak was married to Miss Lucy Furtsch, who 
was born in New York City, daughter of George and Lucy Furtsch, and 
to this union there have been born three children : Edward E., born at 
Traverse City, Michigan, July 14, 1881, educated in the public and high 
schools, is now associated with his father in the grocery business. He 
married Miss Sadie Magee, daughter of William and Mary Magee of 
New York, and they have one son, Anthonv Magee, born November 19, 
1912. The second child is Edith, a graduate of the Traverse City high 
school and now a student of the Cincinnati, Ohio, Conservatory of 
Music. The third child died in infancy. 

Charles D. Shaw, Jr. Now county surveyor of Saginaw county, 
Mr. Shaw has been in active practice as engineer and surveyor in Saginaw 
for the past ten years. His professional life has brought him in connec- 
tion with many important works, and with the varied experience both in 
this country and elsewhere. He is a man of unusual capacity and ability, 
and is held in high esteem in Saginaw. 

Charles D. Shaw," Jr., was born at Elmira, New York, December 3, 
1876, a son of Charles D. and Mary (Dickinson) Shaw. His father, a 
native of Michigan, early in life went to New York State, and was en- 
gaged in the hardware business for a nimiber of years, and is now living 
in New York city at the age of sixty-six. His mother, who was born in 
Vermont and educated there was married in New York State and died 
in 1909 at Elmira at the age of fifty-eight. The Saginaw citizen was the 
third in that family of children, the others being as follows: Captain 
Frederick B. Shaw, an officer in the United States army; Howard M., 
and Mrs. Clara Herrick, twins ; Mrs. Grace Collins ; and Harry Shaw. 

With a high school education as his chief equipment for life, Charles 
D. Shaw, on leaving school became dependent upon his own resources, 
and in the office of Mr. Fred Leach got a practical knowledge of civil 
engineering and surveying. After three and a half years of this appren- 
ticeship he went to Porto Rico, where he continued work in his profession 
until illness compelled him to return to the United States. On recovering 
his health, Mr. Shaw spent some time in practice in New York, and in 
1902 came to Michigan. For three years he served as assistant city en- 
gineer of Saginaw, and did much work in the laying out of streets, the 
supervision of the various public works undertaken during that time : and 
has also been in active private practice for himself. In 191 2 Mr. Shaw 
was appointed county road engineer, a position which now takes nearly 
all his time, and having held the office of county surveyor since 1905, he 
now has little time for private work. 

Mr. Shaw affiliates with the Knights of Pythias, and is a member of 
the Teutonic Society. His politics is Republican, and his church is the 
Episcopal. 



1884 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

At Saginaw in September, 1903, Mr. Shaw married Miss Josephine 
Sullivan, a daughter of D. J. Sullivan, a well known resident of Saginaw. 
They are the parents of one daughter, Margaret Helen, born in Saginaw 
in 1904, and now in the fourth grade of the public schools. 

David E. B.\gshavv, M. D. Since getting his first case in Saginaw 
about ten years ago. Dr. Bagshaw has been steadily advancing in favor 
and success as a physician and surgeon, until now there are probably 
none whose ability based on actual success could be rated higher. 

David E. Bagshaw was born at Sunderland, near Toronto, Ontario, 
October 10, 1876, a son of George and Sarah (Evans) Bagshaw, his 
father a native of Canada, and his mother of Wales. The parents were 
educated and married in Ontario, and the father followed farming with 
fair prosperity in that province until his death in 1879 at the age of 
forty-five years. The mother passed away in Sunderland in 1910 when 
seventy-one years old. The doctor was the youngest child, and the other 
three are : Dr. D. J. Bagshaw, a practicing dentist in Toronto ; Mrs. W. 
R. Ashenhurst, and Mrs. H. J. Crowder, both of Ontario. 

Dr. Bagshaw received his early education in the Ontario schools, was 
graduated from Woodstock College in 1S98, then entered McMasters 
University at Toronto, was a student there two years, and subsequently 
was a student in Toronto University in the Medical Department, and 
was graduated from the Saginaw Valley Medical College in 1902;- In 
the same year he took up active practice, went ahead with increasing 
success for five years, and then entered the Jefferson Medical College 
at Philadelphia, one of the oldest and best equipped medical schools in 
America, graduating in 1908. Returning to Saginaw, Dr. Bagshaw has 
since been in the active practice of his profession, and a large clientage 
reposed complete confidence in his ability. Dr. Bagshaw has been secre- 
tary in 1911-12, of the Saginaw County Medical Society, is a member 
of the State Medical Society, and the American ]\Iedical .\ssociation. 
His other affiliations are with the Masonic Order, the Independent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows, and the Saginaw Canoe Club. His politics is of the 
independent order. 

At Toronto, in December, 1900, Dr. Bagshaw married Emma Pugh, 
a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Pugh, who are still living in the 
city of Toronto. To their marriage have been born one daughter Sarah 
Victoria Bagshaw, whose birth occurred in Saginaw in 1901, and who 
is attending the public schools of this city. Dr. Bagshaw owns and with 
his family occupies a beautiful home on South Washington Street in 
Saginaw. 

Erd Motor Company. Of the many important manufacturing plants 
of Saginaw there is none more widely known or of more e-xtensi\e opera- 
tion than the Erd Motor Company, whose works are on Mackinaw and 
Niagara Streets in West Saginaw. The Erd Motor is a name that stands 
for many excellences wherever motors are known or discussed. The 
genius, brains and experience of one of America's ablest engineers are 
concretely expressed in the finely adjusted mechanism, and for efficiency, 
durability, smoothness of operation, and low cost of upkeep, the Erd has 
no superior and few equals on the market. The industrj- is one wdiich 
brings a very large revenue to Saginaw, where it is distributed by the 
large force of skilled workmen in the plant, and is a large item in the 
general prosperity of the city. 

The president and manager of the Erd Motor Company is John G. 
Erd, whose talent in mechanical engineering and whose ability as a busi- 
ness organizer have been at the foundation of the company's success. 




^f /3^<j-^^^-^ ^. ^. 



THI NIW TOM 

?Q£i,lClIi.)URY 






HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1885 

John G. Erd was born in Saginaw in 185S, and his people were among 
the pioneers of the city. His education was received in the country 
schools, and at an early age he took up practical engineering and me- 
chanical work. He followed it as a workman until he perfected what is 
known as the Erd motor, and soon after began its manufacture in a small 
building, and his own labor was the biggest element in the industry as 
then conducted. In March 1900, having shown large jjossibilities in the 
business, he succeeded in organizing a company with a capital stock of 
forty thousand dollars, himself as president and manager, R. H. Knapp as 
vice president, and Harry F. Erd as secretary and treasurer. The present 
splendid plant was built in 1909. It is modern in every respect, fifty 
skilled mechanics are employed in the factory, and the plant has a floor 
space used in the industry of eighteen thousand square feet. The capacity 
is seven hundred complete motors every year. These motors are shipped 
and sold in all parts of the world, and are used in motor boats, automo- 
biles, and for other power uses. 

John G. Erd married Miss Anna Clago. The two children of their 
marriage are : Miss Edith M. Erd, and Harry S. Erd, both born in 
Saginaw. 

Harry S. Erd, secretary and treasurer of the Erd ]\Iotor Company, 
was born at Saginaw, March 3, 1882, during his boyhood was a student 
in the public schools of the city, and got his practical training for life as 
an employe of his father. Thus he acquired all the details of the motor 
manufacturing business, and having a natural talent fof mechanics, he 
quickly proved himself an able assistant to his father, and as a young 
man, his range of accomplishments in the future is also unbounded. At 
the present time he is really the active manager of the Erd Motor Com- 
pany, and looks after all the details of the business, both in the construc- 
tion department and in the extension of its business commercially. 

Harry S. Erd is Independent in politics, is at the present time exalted 
ruler of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, belongs to the 
Canoe Club of Saginaw, the West Side Business Men's Association, the 
Board of Trade, the W. and M. Association, the National Association of 
Engine and Boat Manufacturers, is president of the Marine Engine ;\Ian- 
ufacturers Association, and one of the most influential and able business 
men and citizens of Saginaw. 

Harry S. Erd was married at Detroit, in June igo8, to Miss Grace 
Behr, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Behr, a well known Detroit 
family, where her parents still live. To their marriage have been born 
at Saginaw in June 1912, one daughter, Elizabeth Jane Erd. Both Harry 
Erd and his father stand in the front rank of Saginaw's successful men. 
The father's home is at 725 S. Washington Street, in one of the most 
beautiful residences of that thoroughfare, while Harry Erd resides at 618 
Cleveland Avenue. 

Charles A. Bigelow. Three times elected president of the Michigan 
Hardwood Lumber Manufacturers Association, Charles A. Bigelow by 
his practical accomplishments in lumbering has more than measured up 
to the dignity of his official honor. For more than thirty years beginning 
in early boyhood, he has been identified with the kmiber business from 
the operation of a retail yard to the management of two of the best known 
lumber manufacturing concerns in the lower peninsula. The son of an 
old-time lumberman, he grew up in the atmosphere of the business and 
with an energy and alertness of mind which are well shown in his face, 
he lias long been one of the chief individual factors in his field. 

Charles A. Bigelow was born at Redford, Wayne county, Michigan, 
July 18, 1866, a son of Albert E. and Jennie (Ashcroft) Bigelow. The 



1886 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

Bigelow ancestry in America goes back to English stock planted in the 
colonies during the sixteenth century, and on his mother's side he is of 
French origin. Albert E. Bigelow was born in Wayne county, Michigan, 
and at his death, June 15, 1913, at the age of seventy-three left a splendid 
business record as a lumberman and was also a gallant soldier of the 
Union army during the Civil war. He went in as a private in Company 
I of the Twenty-Fourth Alichigan Infantry, and rose to the non-commis- 
sioned rank of sergeant. He was wounded both in the battle of Gettys- 
burg and in the Wilderness conflicts. His service was from early in 1S63 
until the close of the war, and he was a convalescent when peace came. 
Mr. Bigelow's mother was born at Montpelier, Vermont, a daughter of 
Charles and Martha Ashcroft. The public schools of Detroit gave Mr. 
Bigelow his education, and in 1881, when fifteen years old, he was first 
regularly employed in his father's retail lumber yard in Detroit. Several 
years of work gave him a good knowledge of the buying and selling of 
lumber and the general conduct of the business in its retail features. In 
1886 his father took him in as a partner, and they were associated in 
business until 1891, when the son was forced by illness to retire from 
active work for three years. IMr. Bigelow was married at Birmingham, 
Michigan, October 17, 1887, to Miss Minnie A. Durkee. 

When he again resumed his work in 1894, it was as traveling salesman 
for The Michelson-Hanson Limiber Company at Lewiston, and in 1896 
he became secretary of that company. On May 29, 1901, The Kneeland- 
Bigelow Company was organized, and soon became one of Michigan's 
best known lumber plants. On October 19, 1905, the Kneeland-Buell & 
Bigelow Compay was formed, which in 19 12 was changed to the Knee- 
land-Lunden & Bigelow Company. Mr. Bigelow is secretary, treasurer, 
and general manager of both these companies, while D. M. Kneeland is 
president. The lumbering operations of the two companies are confined 
to large areas of timber in jNIontmorency, Otsego, Presque Isle, and Che- 
boygan counties, the logs being brought to Bay City, where they are man- 
ufactured into lumber in two saw mills, with an annual output of forty 
million feet, and a total volume of business aggregating about one mil- 
lion dollars a year. The companies have operated largely in hemlock and 
hardwood. 

Both physically and mentally Mr. Bigelow is clearly a man for his 
special field of work. In business hours no one can surpass him as a 
hustler, and not only in the transaction of routine matters, but as a thinker 
and originator of new plans and new scope of operations for his com- 
pany. He is very fond of outdoor sport, is a swimmer and horseman, 
a baseball fan, and besides these engaging qualities, has the faculty of mak- 
ing friends, and he has a great host of them, not only in the lumber trade 
Ijut in all classes of ^Michigan citizenship. In politics he is an independent 
Republican, and has often participated in Alichigan public aft'airs, though 
never as an office seeker. At his home in Bay City, ]\Ir. Bigelow is one 
of the best, most prosperous and substantial citizens. He belongs to the 
Bay City Club, the Bay City Country Club, the Saginaw Country Club 
and the Detroit Athletic Club. Mr. Bigelow has been honored with a 
place on the ]\Iichigan State Insurance Department, being chairman of the 
advisory committee. 

He was one of the organizers of the Forest I-'ire Detective Depart- 
ment of Michigan, an organization which in policing and in the instituting 
of other measures for the prevention of forest fires, has done a service 
of incalculable value in the preservation of standing timber, and in be- 
half of the general lumber and public interests. 

It should also be said in this connection that while a very successful 
business man himself, Mr. Bigelow has at the same time done much to 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1887 

assist other men to fortune, and has never been selfish in his attainments. 

Soon after his election in the summer of 1909 as president of the 
Michigan Hardwood Lumber Manufacturers Association, the leading ar- 
ticle in the American Lumberman was an interesting review of the char- 
acter and activities of Mr. Bigelow and was written under the title "A 
Theorist who made Good.'' Extracts from this article will supplement 
the general outline of, facts herewith presented: 

"A few years ago there was a young man in the lumber business in 
Michigan, who was somewhat of a theorist. At that time the lumber in- 
dustry in that state was undergoing many changes. In those days when- 
ever there was a meeting of lumbermen in Alichigan this young man was 
there full of new ideas concerning every operation connected with the 
lumber business from logging in the woods to the final selling of the 
lumber in the open market. For practically every new problem he had 
that which he believed to be the correct solution. His ideas were based 
on his experience in the business and close observation of the manner in 
which the business had been transacted in the past, and in which it would 
have to be transacted in the future to meet the changing order. By many 
he was looked upon as a theorist only. He endeavored to bring other 
men to his ideas, and did not always meet with encouragement. Never- 
theless he had the most sincere confidence in every proposition he ad- 
vocated ; and if other men were not prone universally to agree with him 
it was at least his own intention to put his theories into practice as far as 
possible in the operations in which he was interested. As the years went 
on he saw each of his theories demonstrated, and he saw men who had 
originally scoffed at many of his ideas coming out to put them into prac- 
tice with benefit to themselves and good to the lumber business in general. 
Recently this young man was elected to the highest office in the gift of 
the Hardwood Lumbermen of Michigan, and it was a conspicuous vindi- 
cation of his ideas and appreciation of his services." 

It was during his connection with the Michelson-Hanson Lumber 
Company during the nineties that Mr. Fiigelow "became a conspicuous 
figure in the lumber manufacturing industry of the state. He was pres- 
ent at all of the meetings of the manufacturers that were held. In these 
meetings he took an active part and was frank in expressing his views. 
There was no feature of the business whether it was methods of logging 
or methods of manufacture, the conduct of an office or successful sales- 
manship on which he did not have an opinion w^hich he was prepared to 
maintain. Although a young man about thirty years of age, he attained 
recognition from men much older in years and much older in the busi- 
ness. His aggressiveness and progressiveness demanded and received 
attention." 

Francis R. Alger. A school of practical vocational training, with a 
record to be found in the personnel of a large number of business con- 
cerns in the state of Michigan, is the Bliss-.-Xlger College of Saginaw. 
Probablv no educational institution in the city has a more practical rela- 
tion to the business community, and to the individual welfare of many 
young men and women in that section of the state. Tiie Bliss-.Alger Col- 
lege has ample quarters and facilities for perfect work, and with all the 
necessary equipment, and with a staff' of thoroughly trained and expert 
teachers in the different branches offers courses in general business, in- 
cluding bookkeeping, commercial law, banking, office practice, accounting, 
short-hand and typewriting, court reporting, and a number of the common 
branches, which are fundamental to any business education. 

Francis R. Alger, who represents an old family in the Saginaw A'alley 
was born in Saginaw county, May 9, 1885, a son of David B. and Carrie 



1888 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

(Gray) Alger. Both parents were born in New York State, and were 
brought to ^lichigan and to Saginaw county many years ago. His father, 
who now lives retired in Saginaw, was for many years, active as a farmer, 
and during the Civil war went out with the Fifth Michigan Regiment and 
carried arms in defense of the union throughout the war. Grandfather 
Leonard Alger was also a soldier in the Civil war and died during the 
hostilities. The father is now sixty-eight years of age, and the mother is 
about sixty-two. There were two sons, the other being Dr. Alger, of 
Saginaw. 

Francis R. Alger has largely educated himself and made his own way 
in the world with little assistance from outside sources. At the age of 
nineteen he was graduatd from the Saginaw high school, was a student in 
the Arthur Hill School, and for one year studied medicine in the Detroit 
Medical College. That year convinced him that medicine was not his 
forte, and after attending school for one year at Columbus he went 
to Kalamazoo and was a teacher there one year, and then came to Saginaw 
and with Mr. Bliss opened the institution above described. The present 
enrollment of the Bliss-Alger College is three hundred and twenty-four 
students, and there is an average of two hundred graduates each year. 
This indicates the prosperity and also the high standing of the school in 
the estimation of business houses and the people of northeastern ^Michigan. 

Mr. Alger is Independent in politics, belongs to the Methodist Epis- 
copal church and on June 12, 1907, at Saginaw, was married to Miss 
Madge Alcenia Bliss, whose father was the late Fred H. Bliss, a well 
known citizen of Saginaw. Her mother is still living at Saginaw. To 
their marriage have been born two children: Dorris Bliss Alger, born 
January, 1910; and Ruth Alcenia Alger, born December 12, 1912. Mr. 
Alger is fond of all outdoor sports, and is an enthusiastic member of the 
Saginaw Canoe Club. 

Ealy & Company. This firm, which has its headquarters at Caro, 
does the largest private banking, real estate and abstract business in 
Tuscola county, and few associations of a business and financial nature 
have a record of such substantial character, enduring integrity, and influ- 
ential relations with a larger territory. The enterprise of Ealy & Com- 
pany is by no means confined to the city of Caro. It is the parent concern 
of a large number of branch banks in that section of the state, and the 
constituent members of the company represent capital, business power, 
and resources far above any possible extension of liability. The mem- 
bers of Ealy & Company are Dr. John M. Ealy, his two sons, J. McXair 
Ealy and Milton D. Ealy and Henry Parker. 

Dr. John Milton Ealy, who has for twenty-five years been successfully 
identified with banking in Tuscola county, and who previous to coming 
to Michigan was a successful physician and surgeon, was born in the state 
of Pennsylvania. He graduated from the college at Edinboro. Pennsyl- 
vania, for a number of years taught school in his native state, and with 
the earnings from that vocation pursued his studies and graduated from 
the Cleveland Aledical College with the degree M. D. He has practiced 
medicine at Girard, Pennsylvania, for a number of years, and finally re- 
tired from the profession and located at Caro in Tuscola county, Michi- 
gan, in 1888. Dr. Ealy began his career as a banker by purchasing the 
interest of A. T. Slaight in a private bank at Caro. Previously the firm 
had been Slaight, Staley & Cooper, later Cooper it Slaight, and subse- 
quentlv Carson & Ealy. After Dr. Elaly became interested in the busi- 
ness, its success as bankers and real estate dealers was greatly extended, 
and he continued his associations with Mr. Carson until the death of 
W. H. Carson in 1904. That resulted in the reorganization of a new 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1889 

company, comprising John j\l. Ealy, Henry Parker. Alilton D. Ealy and 
John McXair Ealy. under the present title of Ealy & Company. 

This new company has become one of the strongest and best known 
private banking institutions in the eastern part of Michigan, and since 
the reorganization fifteen branch banks have been established in various 
parts of the state. These branches are as follows : Bank of Akron, Bank 
of Reese, Bank of Fairgrove, Bank of Millington, Bank of Clifford, Bank 
of Silverwood, The State Savings Bank of Caro, Bank of Otter Lake, 
Bank of East Tawas, Bank of Tawas City, Bank of Gilford, Bank of Rich- 
ville. Bank of Munger. Ogemaw Countv Bank at \\'est Branch and Bank 
of Hale. 

Dr. Ealy besides his extensive associations with business aft'airs is 
treasurer of the Gleaners Association of Detroit, and also affiliates with 
the Knights of Pythias and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He 
is a deacon in the Presbyterian church and in politics a Republican. 

Dr. Ealy married ^liss Agnes McNair, who was born in Pennsylvania, 
the McXairs having been prominent and wealthy land owners in that state. 
Dr. Ealy and wife became the parents of three children, and brief sketches 
of the careers of their two sons follow : 

John McXair Ealy, son of Dr. John M. Ealy, was bom at Girard, 
Pennsylvania, December 24, 1885, received his early education in the com- 
mon and high schools at Caro. to which city the familv removed when he 
was about three years of age, and after two years in the New York Mili- 
tary Academy returned to Michigan and began his business career under 
the direction of his father in the banking house of Carson & Ealy. Dur- 
ing the next four years he learned all the details of banking, real estate, 
and related aft'airs, and in 1906 was made a partner in the business, and 
has since been one of the energetic factors in the success of the firm. 

In 1906 John McNair Ealy married in Caro Miss Ha?el Harris, a 
daughter of Benjamin and Clara (De\'oe) Harris. Her father, now de- 
ceased, was at one time prominent in the grain and elevator business in 
Tuscola county. Mr. Ealy and wife have two sons: Horton McXair and 
Harris DeA'oe, both of whom were bom in Caro. Mr. Ealy is a Repub- 
lican, affiliates with the Knights of Pythias and his family are members 
of the Presbyterian church. 

Milton D. Ealy, the second son and junior partner of the firm of Ealy 
& Company, was born in Caro, Michigan. April 26. i8gi. Though a very 
young man his accomplishments are far beyond his youthful years. The 
common and high schools of Caro gave him his early training, and he 
also spent three years in the military academy where his brother had been 
a student before him. At the age of twenty-one he started tO' work in 
his father's bank, beginning with the branch at Silverwood. and after 
one year was taken in as junior partner with the company in June, 1913- 
He is a Republican in politics, was reared in the faith of the Presbyterian 
church, but at times worships in the Episcopal church of which his wife 
is a member. In July, 1913, at Caro, ]\Iilton D. Ealy married Miss Mar- 
garet ]M. Gallagher, who was born in Saginaw. Her father is Rev. Wil- 
liam H. Gallagher, a prominent clergyman of the Episcopal church in 
Michigan, and Grand Chaplain of the Masonic fraternity in the state. 
Her mother is Ann ( Duncan ) Gallagher. Mr. Ealy and wife have one 
daughter. Agnes McXair Ealy, born in Caro, June 26, 1914. 

Henrv Parker, the other member of the firm of Ealy & Company, is 
one of tile highly successful men of Tuscola county, and has come up 
from the ranks of business affairs to leadership and important influence. 

Born in Derbyshire. England. October 7, 1869, Henry Parker is a 
son of John and Sarah (Matkin) Parker, both of whom were born in 
Derbyshire and are now deceased. His father, who was a lace manu- 



1890 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

facturer in his native shire for many years, died in 1880 at. the age of 
fifty-seven, while the mother survived until 1912 and was eighty-one 
years of age at the time of her death. The youngest of, nine children, 
Henry Parker received a grammar school education, but when eleven 
years of age left his books to begin an apprenticeship in his father's fac- 
tory, where he served five years, and learned the trade of lace designer. 
Failing health compelled him to leave the confining vocation to which he 
had been trained, and he came on a visit to America after three years as 
a journeyman worker in the lace industry. He arrived in this country in 
October, 18S7, and was directed to Tuscola part of Michigan by reason of 
the fact that his uncle, Joseph Alatkin, was a farmer in that section, and 
while visiting under his roof began work as a farm hand and in the 
lumber woods and stave mills of that locality. Three years of this 
vigorous outdoor occupation completely restored his health and rugged 
vigor, and since then he has never had any relations with the trade which 
he learned as a young man, but coming to Caro began his business career 
as clerk in a grocery store. Six months later he found a position as clerk 
with the banking house of Carson & Ealy and was paid at first only three 
dollars a week as wages. He showed industry and responsibility, and rose 
rapidly in the confidence of his employers, and for ten years was the of- 
ficial abstractor for.TQscoIa county. In 1906 Mr. Parker became a mem- 
ber of the firm o£Ea;ly.&-Company at the death of Mr. Carson, and is now 
recognized as one of the successful and prosperous business men of Caro. 
His prominence in local affairs is also indicated by his services for two 
years as treasurer of the city of Caro, as assessor for four terms, and as 
a member of the' B'Qa^4 of Education. In politics he is a Republican, af- 
filiates with the Knights of Pythias, and he and his wife are members of 
the Methodist church. 

In (;)ctob*er, 1893, at Caro, Mr. Parker married Miss Violet I!. War- 
ren, who was born in Wayne county, Michigan, and her father, George 
W. Warren, was at one time engaged in the manufacture of brick in 
Caro, but is now a resident of Cheboygan. Michigan. Mr. Parker and 
wife have two children: Fred Parker, who was born at Caro in 1897 and 
is now a student in the high school, and Geneva Parker, born at Caro in 
Novemlier, 1899. 

John B. Goetz. The oldest and largest business of its kind in Sagi- 
naw is the John B. Goetz Greenhouses, which was founded by John B. 
Goetz in 1871. Mr. Goetz had learned his trade thoroughly in his native 
land of Germany, but on coming to Saginaw, he was possessed of very 
little capital, and with the thrift and enterprise characteristic of his na- 
tionality, acquired a little piece of ground and constructed his first green- 
houses with his own hands. He went into the business conservatively, 
supplied the best of everything to his customers, and by careful tending 
and economical management during the first years, saw his business rap- 
idly developing until his prosperity was assured. Mr. Goetz, who now 
lives retired, from active affairs, is one of the honored older business men 
of Saginaw. 

John B. Goetz was born in Phaft'endorf. Bavaria Germany, Septem- 
ber 7, 1844, was educated in the German schools, and at the age of four- 
teen was apprenticed to a florist, and spent four or five years in learning 
the profession which was the basis for his successful career, x^t the age 
of twenty-three he came to New York City, spent four years there, and 
in 1871, established at Saginaw, the John B. Goetz Greenhouses. At the 
present time the Goetz greenhouses have seventy-five thousand square 
feet of glass, and there is no establishment in the state of its kind more 
modern and capable of supplying finer products to the trade. The entire 







B. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1891 

plant is heated by steam. In 1903, Mr. Goetz, having given his close at- 
tention to the business for thirty-two years, retired and turned over the 
active management to his sons. 

Mr. Goetz has been a Republican voter since coming to America, but 
has never shown anv inclination to seek the honor of pubHc office, and has 
been content to perform his citizenship through his private business. At 
I-ake Ridge, Michigan, in 1876, Mr. Goetz married Miss Margareta 
Beland, a daughter of John Beland and wife. She died in the summer of 
1883. Her father died in 1902 and her mother in October, 1910. The 
Belauds were a well known pioneer family, and her father came to this 
part of Michigan many years ago, was a farmer and stock raiser, and 
built his first home out of the rough logs, that old cabin still standing until 
a few years ago. To the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Goetz were Ijorn two 
sons, the birth of both occurring in Saginaw. Henry W. F. Goetz was 
bom in 1877, and J. Fred Goetz in 1S79. Both attended the public 
schools of this city, and on leaving school entered their father's establish- 
ment, got a thorough knowledge of the floral business in all details, and in 
1903 was entrusted with the responsibility of managing the prosperous 
business built up by their father, and have for ten years conducted it with 
increasing prosperity. Henry Goetz was married in Hinsdale, Illinois, in 
1904, to Miss Hermine Mueller, a daughter of Henry Mueller, her par- 
ents still living at Hinsdale, Illinois. Mrs. Goetz was born in Proviso, 
Illinois. Their children are : John B., Jr., born in Saginaw, on Decem- 
ber 22. 1907; Margareta Goetz born on August 20, 1909; and Herbert 
Winfred, born on August 16, 1013. Henry Goetz is a Republican in pol- 
itics, belongs to the German Lutheran church, and he and his family 
reside at 315 N. Webster Street. J. Fred Goetz was married in Saginaw 
in 1907 to Miss Wilhelmina Kurzhals, a daughter of Henry and Wil- 
helm'ina Kurzhals, her father now deceased. J. Fred is also a Republican 
and a member of the Lutheran church. John B. Goetz married for his 
second wife Otelia Yahran, who is still living. 

Joseph Henri Riopelle, M. D. Since 1906 a physician and surgeon 
of high standing and success in Saginaw, Dr. Riopelle represents an old 
French-Canadian family, is a graduate of the best Dominion schools, 
and is a man whose success has been well earned. It was by hard work 
at any honest occupation that Dr. Riopelle earned the money _ needed 
for his higher education, and when he left University he had in addi- 
tion to his diploma a thorough experience and a self-reliance gained by 
actual contact with men and life. 

His birth occurred in Montreal, Canada, September 18, 1868. His 
parents were Louis and Sophie ( Constant) Riopelle, among whose seven 
children he was third in order of birth. Both parents were natives of 
Canada, lived there all their lives and his father followed the business 
of contracting mason, until his death in 1901, at the age of sixty-nine. 
The Riopelle family was founded in Canada during the latter half of the 
eighteenth century, by the great-grandparents, of Dr. Riopelle. Dr. 
Riopelle's mother was at one time^ a school teacher, and her death oc- 
curred in 1901 at the age of sixty-eight. 

Joseph Henri Riopelle, as a boy, attended the public schools, and his 
ambition to get a medical education was pursued under adverse circum- 
stances. Finally he acquired the means to enter the Laval University of 
Montreal, where he was awarded his diploma in medicine in 1894. One 
year was spent in practice at Montreal, after which he went to the state 
of Maine, practicing at Greenville and Brunswick until 1906. Dr. Rio- 
pelle came to Saginaw in 1906. and has since enjoyed a large practice 
and also an influential place as a citizen, particularly among the many 



1892 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

people of his own nationality in this city. In civic and social affairs, he 
has taken a prominent part. For four years from 1908 to 1912, Dr. 
Riopelle was city physician of Saginaw. He is supreme president of the 
French League of Saginaw, has been supreme officer of the Society of 
St. John the Baptist of America for six years ; belongs to the Fraternal 
Order of Eagles, the Knights of Columbus, is a Catholic in religion, and 
a Republican in politics. The doctor belongs to the various medical so- 
cieties, and is a working member of the Saginaw board of trade. 

At Montreal in 1893 Dr. Riopelle married Miss Fabiola Payette, a 
daughter of Medore Payette. Mrs. Riopelle died at Greenville, Maine, 
in 1900. Her two sons were: Joseph Henri Riopelle, born at Montreal 
in 1895 ; and Joseph Edward Riopelle, born in Greenville, Maine in 1899. 
Both sons are students of a school in Montreal, where they are being 
liberally educated in both the English and French languages. 

At Greenville, Maine, in 1903, Dr. Riopelle married Miss Mary Eliza- 
beth Nasom, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Nasom, whose home is 
at Skowhegan, Mame. All the three children of the second marriage 
died in infancy. Dr. Riopelle resides at 902 South Washington Street, 
owns one of the tine automobiles of the city, and uses that machine 
both in the practical work of his profession and as a means of relaxation 
and pleasure. 

H.\RRY E. Oppenheimer. To those who smoke — and their number 
is legion — the title of the Oppenheimer Cigar Company has long been 
familiar in the states of Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan, and stands for 
high standards of merchandise and courteous methods of salesmanship. 
In the three states mentioned, Samuel and Harry E. Oppenheimer now 
operate a chain of twenty-three stores, and handle each year a vast vol- 
ume both wholesale and retail in cigars and general smokers' supplies. 
It is a splendid business representing the modern system of business or- 
ganization, and every one of the stores is creditable to the enterprise and 
ability of the two proprietors. The headquarters of the business are at 
Saginaw. 

In the career of Harry E. Oppenheimer, the junior member of the 
firm, Saginaw has one of its ablest business men, and few have risen in 
so short a time to a commanding position in the trade. 

Harry E. Oppenheimer was born at Richmond, Indiana, February 10, 
1872, a son of Benjamin and Carolina (Kline) Oppenheimer. Both 
parents were born in Massillon. Ohio, where their respective parents 
were early settlers, and both families at an early date removed to Rich- 
mond, Indiana, where Benjamin and Carolina Oppenheimer grew up and 
were married. Benjamin Oppenheimer engaged in the clothing business 
at Richmond, and followed it actively there until 1883, when he moved 
to Saginaw. His death occurred at Saginaw, in May. 1904, when fifty- 
eight years old. His wife survived and is now living in Saginaw at the 
age of sixty-six years. Of the nine children, seven are living. 

Harry E. Oppenheimer who was third among the children, was about 
eleven years old when he came to Saginaw, and continued his education 
here until graduating from the high school. His uncle, Samuel Oppen- 
heimer, had established a cigar business at Saginaw in 1887, and when 
the nephew finished high school, his first' regular work was as clerk in 
the Oppenheimer Cigar establishment. The business was then conducted 
on the ordinary scale of the individual store, and it was largely the 
foresight and keen enteriirise of the junior member that opened up the 
way and did the planning and executed the details in the organizing of 
a svstem of stores, now located in three different states. In a short time 
he had risen from the responsibilities of a clerk to the ownership of a 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1893 

half interest in the Oppenheimer business. Seven of the Oppenheinier 
stores are located in the city of Chicago, though the headquarters have 
always been in Saginaw, I^Iichigan. Necessarily the magnitude of the 
enterprise requires the employment of a large force of skilled tobacco 
salesmen, and the stock and fixtures, and the payroll represent a large 
investment and capitalization. One of the rules of the house is "Always 
be polite and courteous," and that has been one of the corner stones in 
the success of the business. 

]\Ir. Harry E. C)ppenheimer is affiliated with the IJenevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks in Saginaw, and in Alasonry has taken the Scottish 
Rite up to and including the thirty-second degree. He is a member of 
the Elf Khurafeh Temple, A. A. O. X. M. S., one of its charter members 
and very active, and is treasurer and held other important offices in that 
organization. He is treasurer of Saginaw Valley Chapter No. 31 R. 
A. M., also treasurer of the Order of Eastern Star Mutual Benefit Asso- 
ciation. His other local affiliations are with the Saginaw Club, the .Ar- 
beiter Society at Saginaw, the Saginaw Country Club, the Germania So- 
ciety, and as one of the live members of the Saginaw Board of Trade. 
Mr. Oppenheimer states that he has always been too busy to meddle 
with politics, and his attitude in that direction is independent. However, 
his good citizenship has never been a matter of doubt, and he quickly 
allies himself with laudible public undertakings. Mr. Oppenheimer is 
unmarried, and resides with his mother in one of the beautiful homes in 
Saginaw. He is fond of all athletic sports, and is one of the most pop- 
ular and influential young business men in the Saginaw \'alley. 

AI.M.coL.M C. SixcL.MR, M. D. Humanity owes a greater debt to 
medical science and its exponents than to any other profession or class of 
men. The physician from earliest times has borne an important part, not 
alone in the care of the sick, but in the councils of the nations, and as the 
countries have passed, his importance has deservedly increased. The 
life of the medical practitioner is never one of ease; not only is he re- 
quired to devote years to preliminary training, but his studies are not 
completed until he finally lays aside his duties, for medicine is one of 
tb.e most prrigressive sciences known and each day develops new meth- 
ods and discoveries, to keep abreast of which demands unceasing study, 
a broad mind and comprehensive reasoning. Prominent among the merl- 
ical men of Grand Rapids who has won deservedly high place by reason 
of his devotion to his profession is found Malcolm C. Sinclair, M. D., 
who has been engaged in continuous practice in this city since 1876. 

Doctor Sinclair was born on a farm near .St. Thomas, County Elgin, 
Ontario, Canada, October 3, 1850, and is a son of Coll and Jane f^Ic- 
Larty ) Sinclair, natives of Scotland, and a grandson of .Krchibald Sin- 
clair, who sjJent his life in that country. The father was a farmer and 
stockraiser by occupation, and attained success by reason of his native 
energy and thrift. Both he and his wife emigrated to Canada as young 
people and were there married, and both passed away in the faith of the 
Disciples Church. In politics, ]\Ir. Sinclair was a Conservative. Of his 
family of twelve children, all of whom attained manhood and womanhood, 
eight still survive. 

Dr. Sinclair's early education began in a Canadian Country School, 
after which he entered the high and grammar schools of St. Thomas. 
Shortly after this, he became a student in the office of Dr. Leonard Luton, 
St. Thomas. Ontario (who for many years was president of the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario), and then became a student in 
Hahnemann Medical College, Chicago, where he graduated in 1873. Fol- 
lowing this, he spent' some time in Europe, and upon his return to the 



1894 HISTORY OF MICHIGAX 

United States began tlie practice of medicine in Grand Rapids. Michigan. 
Bv that time, the Doctor's resources were about exhausted and he began 
his professional career as a poor and practically obscure doctor. He ex- 
perienced the usual difficulties of the young physician in gaining a foot- 
hold in his profession, but his superior abilities soon became recognized 
and he began to enjoy a good practice. Since that time, Doctor Sinclair 
has advanced rapidly to a high place in his profession, and his achieve- 
ments have given him a high standing among the medical fraternity and 
a firm place in the confidence of his fellow-citizens. He has been hon- 
ored bv appointment and election to various positions of trust and re- 
sponsibility. He was appointed by Governor Pingree a member of the 
first board of registration in medicine in Michigan and was elected its 
first president. He was also appointed by Governor Warner a member 
of the State Board of Health, where he served six years. He also served 
six years on the Grand Rapids Board of Health. He is now a member of 
the medical examiners of the Michigan State Sanatorium at Howell. }^Iich- 
igan. He was also appointed by President Roosevelt memlier of the 
United States Board of Pension Examiners, where he served eight years. 
He has ser\-ed as president of the Michigan Homeopathic State Medical 
Society, of which he is still a member, as well as member of the American 
Institute of Homeopathy, .American Medical Association, West Michigan 
Homeopathic Society and Kent County Medical Society and is on the staff 
of the U. B. A. Hospital, where he was for some time lecturer to the 
nurses of that institution. 

He maintains offices in the \\'iddicomb Building and carries on a gen- 
eral practice, although he is not unknown in the field of surgery. His 
business interests are many and he is connected with the ^ alley City 
Lumber Company, Ltd., and was one of the founders and is still a di- 
rector of the Grand Rapids Building & Loan Association and is president 
of the Grand Rapids Milk Association. In politics he is a Republican, and 
his fraternal connection is with Grand River Lodge Xo. 34. F. &• A. ]M.. 
DeMolai Commanderv and the Shrine, of the Masonic order. 

In 1887. Doctor Sinclair was married to Miss Edith M. Luton, daugh- 
ter of William and Elizabeth Luton, of ]Mapleton. Ontario, and two chil- 
dren have been born to this union : Douglas, who after graduating from 
the Grand Rapids High School entered the University of IMichigan and 
is now treasurer of the ^'alley City Lumber Company, Ltd., and Jean, 
who married Heber \\\ Curtis, vice president of the Kent State Bank. 
Dr. and Mrs. Sinclair and their children are members of the Disciples 
church. 

Emit. P. ^^'. Richter, M. D. A prominent young physician who has 
practiced at Saginaw since IQOO, Dr. Richter belongs to one of the old 
and substantial families of that city, was himself born there and before 
entering upon his profession had prepared by study and training in the 
best schools and centers of learning in both America and Europe. 

F.mil P. \\'. Richter was born in Saginaw. February 10. 1875. the 
second of eight children born to. Fred .-X. and Katherine ('Mueller") Rich- 
ter. His father was born in Prussia, and the mother in Hessia. Germany. 
The grandparents on both sides came to America when Dr. Richter's 
mother and father were about twelve years of age. both families estab- 
lishing their homes in Saginaw, where they have lived ever since. Fred 
A. Richter was for many years in the employ of the Wright Lumber 
Companv. and for a time operated a saw mill business of his own at 
Marion. ^Michigan. Finally he engaged in the drug business at Saginaw, 
and is still active in business affairs. 

Dr. Richter grew up in Saginaw, and was educated in the public and 



HISTORY- OF MICHIGAN 1895 

parish schools. His first training for liis profession was furnished by 
the Saginaw \'alley ^Medical College and he afterwards took post-grad- 
uate work in the New York Post Graduate Hospital, went abroad and 
studied and attended clinics in Berlin and Vienna and other European 
centers, and in igoo began active practice. His career as a physician and 
surgeon has been one of uninterrupted and unqualified success. He was 
president of the County Medical Society in IQII, and is a member of the 
State Medical Society and the American Medical Association. In politics 
he is a Republican. From 1904 to 191 1, he was honored by the citizens 
of Saginaw County with the office of coroner, and in 191 3 was elected 
County Physician, which office he now holds. His fraternal relations are 
with the Masonic Order, including the Chapter degree, and he is a mem- 
ber and is medical examiner for the local organization of the Maccabees, 
the Woodmen of the \\'orId, the Royal Neighbors, the Loyal Mystic 
Legion, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and the Arbeiter Society. 
At Saginaw. September 11, 1901, was solemnized the marriage of 
Dr. Richter and ?iliss Flspeth R. Grenney, a daughter of William and 
Jeanette Grenney. Dr. Richter and wife are both popular in social affairs, 
and he is especially fond of outdoor sports, and takes much interest in the 
local Y. M. C. A. 

Hox. Fr.\xk L. Dodge commenced his professional career in Lansing 
thirty-five years ago and both as a lawyer and a public servant has earned 
a substantial and honorable reputation. He is a native of Ohio, born at 
Oberlin, Lorain county, in 1853, the son of Hervey and Angeline 
( Stevens ) Dodge, and comes of distinguished ancestry. Hervey Dodge, 
his father, was born in Essex county. Massachusetts, July 20, 1806, and 
was by trade a cabinetmaker. His brother was the father of the manu- 
facturer of the well-known Dodge brand of shoes, and he himself was a 
nephew of Nathan Dane, the eminent lawyer. Angeline Stevens, the 
mother of Frank L. Dodge, was born at Haverhill. New Hampshire, July 
22. 1812. the daughter of Col. Bradstreet Stevens, whose brother served 
in the War of 1812. Her remote ancestry was of Revolutionary stock. 
E. L. Stevens, her brother, was for thirty-five years chief clerk of the 
Indian Bureau, at Washington, D. C, and his son. Durham White Stevens, 
served as Japanese consul to Korea. After working at his trade for a 
number of years, Harvey Dodge engaged in the furniture business at 
Utica, New York, from w-hence he came west to Ohio, there meeting his 
future wife, who had migrated to that state in young womanhood. The 
father died in July. 1884. while the mother survived until January. 1890. 

Frank L. Dodge received ordinary educational advantages in Ohio, 
and there entered a business career, Ijut after some years as a merchant 
decided to adopt the profession of law, and accordingly took up his 
studies at Eaton Rapids, Eaton county, Michigan, in the office of the 
late Hon. Isaac M. Crane, of whom he became a partner as soon as he 
was admitted to the bar. In 1879 Mr. Dodge removed to Lansing, where 
he has since continued successfully in the practice of his profession, for 
several years in partnership with the Hon. C. P. Black, formerly United 
States attorney for the Eastern District of Michigan. In his long and 
uniformlv progressive career several personal traits are quite noticeable, 
among them versatility of talents combined with thoroughness of prepara- 
tion and depth of legal knowledge. In 1885 Judge Brown, later of the 
Cnited States Supreme Court, appointed Mr. Dodge Ignited States com- 
missioner, an office which he held for a period of ten years. For twelve 
years he was a member of the Lansing common council and of the county 
board of supervisors. In 1882 he was elected on the Democratic ticket 
to the Michigan State Legislature and was re-elected by an increased ma- 



1896 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

jority in 1884, and served with distinction, ability and usefulness in the 
sessions of that body, introducing and in many cases securing the passage 
of a number of the most important measures. In 1890 Mr. Dodge was 
elected to the Michigan State Senate, and in the upper body of the legis- 
lature served with equal distinction as he had in the lower. Mr. Dodge 
was the original promoter and incorporator, as well as secretary, of the 
Lansing, St. Johns and St. Louis Railway Company, and it was to his 
efforts and unflagging zeal that the successful completion of the enter- 
prise was chiefly due. 

On November 20, 1888, Mr. Dodge was married to Aliss Abby Turner, 
the daughter of the late Hon. James Turner, and youngest sister of the 
late Hon. James M. Turner. Five children have been born to this union, 
namely : Sophie Dane, Franklin L., Jr., Wyllis Osborne, Joseph Nichol- 
son and Marion Elizabeth. 

Edwin Kersten. Thirty years of vigorous business enterprise, of 
faithful and efficient handling of many trusts and responsibilities, and of 
public spirited citizenship, have marked the residence of Edwin Kersten 
at Saginaw. Mr. Kersten's name is too well known in his home city to 
require an introduction, and in connection with general insurance busi- 
ness, with which he has been identified since 1889, and in fraternal -and 
benevolent circles, and in civic affairs, it has always been synonymous 
with the punctuality and fidelitv which are qualities in themselves be- 
speaking the highest praise to their possessor. 

Edwin Kersten, a native of Germany where he grew up and lived un- 
til early manhood was born March 27, 1861, at Brentau, Kreis. Danzig 
in West Prussia, a son of Julius and Emalai ( Strahl ) Kersten. The 
mother, who was born in Germany, in 1834, is still a resident of Saginaw, 
now nearly eighty years of age, and well known in the older-German- 
American circles of the city. When Edwin w'as four years of age his 
father died, and thus the burden of family management and support was 
largely thrown upon the shoulders of the widow. The other children of 
the family, several of whom are residents of America, are mentioned as 
follows : Oscar Kersten, who lives in his native citv of Germany ; Julius 
Kersten, a prominent merchant in Saginaw, since 1879; Clara, wife of 
John Galstrer, who is a prosperous farmer at Frankenmuth, in Saginaw 
county; Lena, wife of Oliver Goldsmith, of Detroit: Hattie, wife of 
Charles McKniglit, who for thirtv years has served as messenger for the 
R. I. Railroad Company. 

AMien eight years old Edwin Kersten entered the Gymnasiiun at Culm, 
but his ambition to secure a college education was made impossible of 
attainment owing to the financial straits of the widowed mother. - At the 
age of sixteen therefore he decided to leave college in order to lighten his 
mother's burden and in 1877 secured a position as clerk in the postoffice 
at Danzig, his native town. From there he was transferred as assistant 
postmaster to the city of Thorn, and in 1883 had become one of the 
proficient employes in the postal service. However, in that year he se- 
cured a leave of absence in order to visit his mother and other members 
of the family who had imigrated to the United States several years previ- 
ously, and had found homes in Saginaw. This visit proved so pleasant 
and lirought him into such agreeable associations that he sought and 
obtained his resignation from the state service of Prussia in 1884, and 
since that time has been a prominent resident of Saginaw. His early 
education and experience enabled him to get work in clerical capacities, 
and he filled every office with credit. 

His early experiences led him into the insurance field, and since 1S93 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1897 

Mr. Kersten has been independently engaged in general insurance and also 
in real estate. His business gradually expanded, and at the present time 
he represents seventeen of the leading companies as agent. These com- 
panies include some of the best known tire companies, also plate glass, 
employers liability, indemnity bonds, life, automobile and tornado and 
wind storm companies. 

In 191 1, Mr. Kersten became one of the organizers of the German 
American State Bank of Saginaw, and has since held the office of vice 
president. His business offices are in the German American State Bank 
Building, at the corner of Hamilton and Hancock streets. ]\Ir. Kersten 
is also a director in the Banner Brewing Company of Saginaw, and a di- 
rector and secretary of the Saginaw Cigar Companv, an industry of much 
importance locally. 

For many years, much of his time and interests have been absorbed in 
secret and benevolent society work, and also in public affairs. For four 
years he has been a Master Mason of Germania Lodge No. 79, A. F. & 
A. M.; is a trustee of the Knights of Honor; Secretary and Treasurer 
of the Knights and Ladies of Honor ; has membership in the Knights of 
the Maccabees ; has the honor of holding the only life membership card 
in the Saginaw Branch of the Loyal Order of Moose, being founder of 
Lodge No. 82 of that order, and a past dictator ; also belongs to the 
Teutonia Society, and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. In 
1888 Mr. Kersten joined the Allgemeiner Arbeiter Bund of Michigan, a 
German Benevolent Organization, better known as the Arbeiter-Unter- 
stutzungs-\'erein. In 1890 he was made secretary of the association, in 
1893, pi'esidcnt of the board of trustees, and in 1S93 '''so president of the 
association, and in 1898 president of the association for the entire state 
of Michigan, holding that office two years. In 1895, Mr. Kersten was 
made treasurer of the association for the state of Michigan, and exercised 
such caie and energy and business prudence in the administration of that 
office as to call out the following tribute from its president, "Allow me 
to congratulate you for your prompt handling of the business entrusted 
to you in the capacity of treasurer. That is what I call efficiency. To 
my own knowledge the orders have never been so punctually paid as un- 
der your direction. C)ne who had sb thorough a knowledge of the office 
has many opportunities for excellent service in this way." 

Mr. Kersten although always active in behalf of the Democratic party 
has never sought office, but has been nominated and elected at different 
times to places of responsibilities, while other nominations have been de- 
clined owing to his absorption in his varied business aft'airs. In 1892 he 
filled an unexpired term as alderman from the twelfth ward, and was re- 
elected serving from 1892 to 1894. In 1897 he was made deputy county 
treasurer of Saginaw county, and was recently Democratic candidate for 
city treasurer of Saginaw. Besides his extensive business in insurance 
and banking, he also transacts a valuable service for his clients as a notary 
public and title abstract work, and is agent for several of the leading 
steamship lines. 

C)n Januarv 22, 1888, Edwin Kersten married J\liss Johanna Rogner. 
of Saginaw county, a daughter of Alichael and Margaretha ( Schnell ) 
Rogner. To their marriage have been born eight children: Emma, liv- 
ing with her parents; Herman; Edwin Jr., assistant to his father; Rose, 
wife of Ernest Grunow, of Saginaw; Ernest, a student in the Lutheran 
Seminary and preparing for the ministery ; Norman ; Ida : and \'era. 
Mr. Kersten lives at 415 North Webster Street. His only recreations 
are his outing trips to Mackinac Island during the summer season. His 
family are members of the Lutheran Church. 



1898 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

John L. A. Galster. Than the lives of those who have risen from 
the ranks and b}' unswerving integrity and consecutive effort have con- 
quered fate, there is nothing more interesting, more elevating or more 
encouraging. The sternest opposition, bitter trials, difficulties apparently 
insurmountable, sink into mere shadows before energy, self-reliance, 
application and earnest perseverance of character. Success may long 
elude, but it is certain of attainment eventually by those who persistently 
and perseveringly strive. These facts the life of John L. A. Galster will 
illustrate. 

John L. A. Galster was born in the city of Buffalo, New York, May 
II, 1879, and is a son of John J. and Louise (Dauer) Galster, the former 
a native of Hamburg, Germany, and the latter of Alsace Lorraine. They 
emigrated to the United States during the early 'seventies, and first set- 
tled in Ijuft'alo, but in 1870 removed to Boyne Falls, and after a short 
stay returned to Buft'alci. Mr. Galster was engaged in a successful busi- 
ness venture there until the year 1881, at which time he disposed of his 
interests and again went to Boyne Falls, where for the past thirty-three 
years he has been engaged in prosperous mercantile pursuits. Mr. Gal- 
ster is one of his community's foremost and most successful business 
men, and his name is identified with a variety of interests, all connected 
with the industrial and commercial activities of his adopted place. Al- 
though he is a very busy man, his extensive operations making large de- 
mands upon his attention, he has found the opportunity and the inclina- 
tion to serve his city, his county and his state in various official capaci- 
ties, and since 1914 has been postmaster at Boyne Falls. Although a 
self-educated man, keen observation and broad experience have given 
him a great fund of general information and few have a better knowl- 
edge of the real issues of the day. Seven children were born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Galster, as follows : Louise, born in Buft'alo, now the wife 
of Benjamin E. Rine, of Detroit ; John L. A. ; Clara, born at Buft'alo, 
who resides with her parents : Elizabeth and Anna, also living at home ; 
Charles, who is interested with John L. A. in the L'nioii Cigar Cooper- 
ative Store, and Henry, who is associated in the insurance business with 
his brother, John L. A., at Petoskey. 

John L. A. Galster received his early educational training in the pub- 
lic schools of Boyne Falls, to which place he was taken as a child, and 
when seventeen years of age began to make his own way in the world, 
his first position l^eing in the capacity of solicitor for the Michigan Acci- 
dent Insurance Association, of Kalamazoo. This company did not suc- 
ceed, and seven months after Mr. Galster began his connection with it 
the concern closed its doors, he at that time finding employment with the 
LTnited States Health and Accident Company of Saginaw. In the fol- 
lowing year, so excellent had been his work that he was made district 
manager for the Michigan Home and' Hospital Insurance Company, of 
Grand Rapids, and remained with that company seven vears, resigning 
his position, in which he had shown his aljility and worth to the insur- 
ance world, to accept the state agency for the National Casualty Com- 
pany of Detroit, his headquarters and offices being at Petoskey, where 
he made a fine record for his company. In 1905 Mr. Galster purchased 
the interest of E. Barnum, of the firm of Wachtel & Barnum, prominent 
in the real estate and insurance trade in this city, with which he was 
identified until it was dissolved by the death of Mr. Galster's partner, 
Philip E. \\'achtel, November 16, 1913. On January i, 1914, Mr. Gal- 
ster purchased Mr. Wachtel's interest from the members of his estate 
and since that time has continued in business alone. From 191 1 to 1913 
he was president of the Michigan Association of Insurance Agents. Air. 
Galster has always been greatly interested in real estate matters, handling 
large tracts of farming property and city realty, residences, business 



^THI NEW mt 






HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1899 

blocks, etc.. and has met with much success in his various ventures. The 
greater part of his attention, 'however, has been given to the insurance 
business, for success in w'hich he possesses the pecuHar quahties so 
necessary to the man who would attain prosperity in this tield. He has 
large and well equipped offices, modern in every appointment, where he 
employs several stenographers. Other lines of endeavor have had the 
benefit of Mr. Galster"s good management and business acumen, he being 
one-half owner of the Royal Cigar Company, and Union Cigar Company, 
two leading retail businesses of Petoskey, was one of the organizers and 
one-half owner of the Northern Automobile Company, of Petoskey, and 
its president for its organization October I, 1912, until he recently dis- 
posed of his holdings : and was one of the organizers of the Petoskey 
Construction Company, which built three miles of stone road in Emmett 
county. A lover of all things beautiful, he has been able as chairman of 
the park board to contribute to the appearance of Petoskey, and in vari- 
ous other w-ays has advanced its welfare. He is also president of Petos- 
key Automobile Association. Fraternally, Mr. Galster is connected with 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. His political views are 
those of the Republican party. 

On November 7, 1903, Mr. Galster was married at Petoskey, to Miss 
Rena Buell, a native of Union City, Michigan, and daughter of David 
and Eliza (Dean) Buell. She is an active member of the Presbyterian 
church, and has been well known for her helpful .work as a member of 
the Ladies Aid Society and in various charitable movements. Mr. Gal- 
ster has the happy faculty of making friends, and the still more rare 
and desirable accomplishment of keeping them. Among his acquaint- 
ances and admirers are to be found men who are prominent in all parts 
of the state. He seldom takes a vacation, but when he does indulge 
himself in a rest from the activities and worries of business life gener- 
ally takes his rod or gun and haunts the fields and stream in search of 
game. He is also a dyed-in-the-wool baseball fan. and may frequently 
be found attending the national pastime. A self-made man in every 
sense, while he has been rising to success he has not failed to help others 
in their struggles. His pleasant home at Petoskey, which is but one of 
his many properties, is one of the commodious residences of the city, 
and is frequently the scene of social gatherings. 

Albert Elwood Snow. I'resent city attorney of Saginaw, Mr. Snow 
is one of the prominent younger members of the Saginaw bar, and he is 
a son of the late Judge Byron A. Snow, who for a long period of years 
was one of the most distinguished lawyers and jurists of northeastern 
Michigan. 

Bvron Albert Snow was born in Jackson county, Michigan, grew up 
in modest circumstances, used his talents to fit himself for the work of 
education, and for -more than three years followed teaching 1)oth in his 
home state and in Kansas. While a teacher he took up the study of law. 
was admitted to practice, and gained recognition as one of the ablest law- 
yers of the Saginaw county bar, having begun his practice in that county 
in 1883. In 1896 came liis election to the circuit bench of the Tenth 
Judicial district, In 1899 he was reelected and again in 1905, he was 
honored with that high dignity. Judge Snow was for years one of the 
leading Democrats of Saginaw county, before his election to the bench 
was on the stump in his district in nearly every campaign. As an orator 
he had a reputation of one of the most effective in the state, and exer- 
cised an important influence in public affairs. In 1903 he had the in- 
dorsement of all the opposing parties for his reelection to the bench. Dur- 
ing the eighties from 1880 to 1889, he represented Saginaw county in 



1900 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

the state legislature. The record of his judicial career was one of the 
most scrupulous impartiality of tine learning and profound judgment, and 
he will be remembered with esteem by the members of the Saginaw bar 
as long as one remains who ever practiced in his court. His death oc- 
curred one month after his reelection on May 5, IQ05. Seldom has the 
passing of a lawyer in the Saginaw bar produced more profound sorrow 
than the death of Judge Snow, and the county. bar association drew up 
resolutions which went beyond the formal tone of such tributes, and in- 
dicated the sincere esteem which members of the bar as a whole felt for 
the distinguished judge who had just passed away. The widow of Judge 
Snow now lives in Jackson, Michigan. There were three children, as 
follows: Dr. Arthur B. Snow, who is now established in the practice of 
dentistry at Saginaw; Albert E. Snow, and Alice Elizabeth, wife of 
\\'alter R. Snow, of Jackson, Michigan. 

Albert Elwood Snow was born in Jackson, Jackson countv. Michi- 
gan, July 16, 1878, a son of Judge Byron Albert and Annie (Stevens) 
Snow. Both his parents were born in Jackson county. Mr. Snow has 
spent practically all his career in Saginaw county, and was reared in the 
village of Chesaning, being a graduate of the high school of that \illage 
in 1897. Entering the State University in 18915. he was graduated in 
law with the class of 1902, and began his practice in the city of Saginaw, 
where his father and family had taken up their residence in 1897. Air. 
Snow has been successful from the start of his practice and now has a 
well established name and reputation in the local bar. On January, 191 1, 
came his first appointment as city attorney for a term of two years, and 
his efficient administration of that office brought about his reappointment 
in January, 1913, for another two year term. Judge Snow, as alreadv 
mentioned, was one of the leading Democrats of Michigan. The son, 
however, has taken an equally strong stand in the Republican ranks, and 
is fre<iuently engaged in the campaigns through his district. Mr. Snow 
is a member of the County Bar Association, is attorney and director for 
the Saginaw Building & Loan Association, and outside of his profession 
finds only occasional opportunities for diversion or other pursuits. Now 
and then he takes hunting trips along the shores of Lake Huron, usually 
accompanied by his w-ife and daughter. Mr. Snow was married August 
23. 1905, to Miss Zella Berst. wdio was born in Leesburg, Indiana, a 
daughter of Henry L. and Mary ( \\'ood ) Berst. They have one daughter, 
Mary Snow. Mr. Snow is a Royal .Arch Mason and also belongs to the 
Elks Lodge in Saginaw. 

Erxst W'e.vzel, a substantial business man of Detroit, contracting in 
plumbing, heating appliances and electrical work at Xo. 636 AIcDougal 
avenue, was born in the state of Pommern, Germany, May 4. i8fifi, and 
is a son of Charles and Theresa (Burau) W'enzel. His father, following 
in the footsteps of his father and grandfather, adopted the calling of 
blacksmith, and was so engaged until the time of his death. Ten years 
later the mother brought her four sons and one daughter to the L'nited 
.States, locating at once in Detroit, her death occurring in 191 1, at the age 
of eighty-one years, at the daughter's home on the East Side. 

Ernst Wenzel was but five years of age when his father died, and 
his educational training was mainly confined to the German schools. Mr. 
AA'enzel was fourteen vears of age when he started to- work in Detroit, 
and for a time was employed at the Casket Works and the shops of the 
Alichigan Central Railroad. In 1893 Mr. Wenzel joined his brother. Paul, 
who was engaged in the plumbing business, and while his work was 
largelv of a clerical nature, Mr. Wenzel so thoroughly learned the busi- 
ness that he felt himself prepared to become the proprietor of an estab- 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 11301 

lishment and in 1901 became a member of the firm of Biirau & W'enzel. 
This firm opened a store on Gratiot avenue and the partnership continued 
for about one year, when Mr. Wenzel went into business under his own 
name at Nos. 879-881 Gratiot avenue, there continuing ten years. Air. 
Wenzel's present place of business, modern in ever}' respect, was erected 
by him in 1912, at No. 636 McDougal avenue. 

Mr. Wenzel is a member of the Builders and Traders Exchange and 
of the Master Plumbers Association, of which latter he has been an ofifi- 
cial. His religious connection is with Salem congregation of the Lutheran 
church. Mr. Wenzel married Miss Man,- Schroeder, a native of De- 
troit, who died January i, 1904, having been the mother of eleven chil- 
dren, and the five living are: Ernst, Jr., a school teacher of Marysville, 
Ohio ; Clara ; Walter, who is engaged in business with his father ; Helen 
and David at a Lutheran high school. Mr. Wenzel married for his sec- 
ond wife Miss Julia Wickley, a native of Switzerland, and they have 
had one daughter, Julia. 

Clarence AIerrill Browne. A practicing lawyer and member of 
the Saginaw bar since 1899, Clarence Merrill Browne, has gained a num- 
ber of distinctive successes both in his profession and in the related field 
of politics. 

Clarence Merrill Browne was born in the city of Saginaw, March 26, 
1876, and is a son of William H. and Elizabeth (Wisewell) Browne. 
Both parents were born in the state of Maine, and were married during 
the epoch of the Civil war. They settled in Saginaw, in 1866, and the 
father was employed by lumbering firms. The parents are now living, a 
well known old couple in Saginaw. During the war William II. Browne 
enlisted from his native state in Company I of the Sixth Maine Infantry, 
and served until the end of the war. His sen-ice was in the army of the 
Potomac under General McClelland. Among the battles in which he par- 
ticipated were those of Gettysburg, the \\'ilderness, Spottsylvania, Fred- 
ericksburg, Warren Hill, Chancellorsville, Lookout Mountain, and Kene- 
saw Mountain. Though a Union soldier, he has always espoused the 
party of Jefferson and Jackson. 

Clarence Merrill Browne, the only son of his parents, was educated in 
the grammar and high schools of Saginaw, and took up the study of law 
in the office of Benton Hanchett, one of the ablest and most distinguished 
members of the Michigan Bar. He also studied in the offices of the late 
Judge Barron A. Snow. On October 13, 1899, Mr. Browne successfully 
"stood the examination before the State Bar Association, and started in 
practice at Saginaw with Frank A. Rockwith as associate. In 1901 came 
his appointment as assistant prosecuting attorney under John F. O'Keefe. 
His term of service in that capacity continued four years, and for two 
years he was assistant prosecutor with his former associate, F. A. Rock- 
with. In 1907 Mr. Browne was regularly elected to the office of prosecut- 
ing attorney of Saginaw county, and gave an administration of that office 
with a fidelity and efficiency seldom equalled up to January, 1913. Mr. 
Browne is a member of the State and County Bar Association, and has 
served as vice president of the local association. Fraternally he is affi- 
liated with the Roval Arch Masons, and with the Knights of Pythias. His 
politics is Republican, a fact which indicates his complete independence 
of family traditions. He has always taken an active part in state and 
countv politics, and it is said that no man in the city of Saginaw is better 
posted on the political complexion of the various wards and precints of 
city and county. Although he has not distinguished himself as an orator, 
yet his thorough knowledge and quiet effective methods have been very 
beneficial to his party. He has always proved that success regularly at- 
Voi. IV— 10 



1902 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

tends the candidate whose cause he takes up. He is a man whose course 
has been devoid of trickery or chicanery, and this fact alone has given him 
a large body of friends and supporters. He counts many men of promi- 
nence among his personal friends, men who hold the highest offices in 
state and national politics. 

On August 19, 1903, Mr. Browne was united in marriage with Aliss 
Rosamond F. Savage, who was born in Saginaw, a daughter of George 
W. Savage of this city. They are the parents of one child, Dorothy Jane 
Browne. Mr. Browne has his offices as a lawyer in the Hamilton Square 
Building in West Saginaw. 

Ai.oxzo \'iNCENT. One of the best known men of Southwestern 
Michigan is Alonzo Vincent, of St. Joseph, Berrien county, who has been 
prominently identified with the affairs of St. Joseph and Benton Harbor 
and of the state for many years. As a hotel man he has won much more 
than local reputation, and his magnificent Hotel W'hitcomb, and the baths 
in connection therewith, are known all over the West. Mr. \'incent is a 
native of New York state, born at Clayton, Jefferson county, January 
ift, 18-14, a son of Albert and Harriet (Slater) \'incent, also natives of 
the Empire state. 

The \^incent family came to Michigan in 1845 ^"d located first at 
Marshall, where they resided for a period of three years, in 184S remov- 
ing to Berrien county and settling on a farm in this then undeveloped 
region, where they contributed largely to the early development of the 
section and won success in agricultural lines. There thev resided until 
1880, in which year they removed to Benton Harbor, and in that city 
Albert \"incent passed away five years later. He was at all times known 
as a good, energetic and industrious business man, and as a public-spirited 
citizen took part in the movements which made for advancement and 
progress. 

Alonzo Vincent was an infant of one year when brought to Michigan 
bv his parents. He was reared in the rural community of Berrien county, 
was brought up to the pursuits of the farm, and secured his education 
in the schools which the young yet growing locality furnished its youth 
Mr. A'incent was but a lad of seventeen years when the Civil War swept 
the country, yet he was patriotic and zealous and in 1861 was accepted as 
a soldier in Company D, Sixty-sixth Regiment, Illinois \'olunteer Infantry, 
which won widespread fame and glory as the "Western Sharpshooters." 
This regiment of sharpshooters was recruited from practically every west- 
ern state, and after its organization, in order to give it a name and rank, 
a census of its members was taken, with the understanding that the state 
furnishing the largest number of men would have the honor of naming 
the organization. It therefore became the Sixty-sixth Illinois, that state 
furnishing the greatest number of its members, but throughout the war 
was known by its more suggestive and decorative title. Air. \^incent 
saw service in some of the most important and hotly-contested' battles of 
the great struggle between the North and the South, including the battles 
of Fort Donelson. Shiloh and luka. the siege and battle of Corinth, and 
many others of a smaller order. Later, he was transferred to the Fif- 
teenth Army Corps, Gen. John A. Logan commanding, and was with 
his regiment on Sherman's famous March to the Sea. thence up through 
the Carolinas and \'irginia and on to Washington, D. C, where he par- 
ticipated in the Grand Review before President Lincoln at the national 
capital. Mr. \'incent was mustered out of the service at Springfield, Illi- 
nois, in July, 1865, with an excellent record as a soldier. He had left his 
home some four years before a mere boy. but he returned a full-grown 
man, with all of man's experience and hardened by numerous campaigns. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1903 

Returning to Berrien county, he engaged in the hotel business at ColcDnia 
and continued there until he removed to Benton Harbor and took charge 
of the American House. In July, 1890, Mr. Vincent became proprietor 
of the Hotel Benton, at Benton Harbor, which he succeeded in building 
up to what was considered one of the best commercial hostolrics in 
Southwestern Michigan. In 1895 ^^ disposed of his interests in that 
property and, removing to St. Joseph, took charge of the Hotel Whit- 
comb. Two years later he bought the property, and has since owtied and 
conducted it. This hotel is one of the largest and most valuable ven- 
tures in the state, and has been so conducted by Mr. Vincent that it has 
grown and developed with each year, while the hotel mineral bath annex 
is one of the largest bath houses in Michigan and is doing a flourishing 
business. Mr. Vincent is an ideal host, fully conversant with the needs, 
desires and privileges of his guests, and with a commendable desire to 
furnish them with all possible comforts. His long connection with hotel 
atfairs has brought him a wide acquaintance, not onlv among hotel men, 
but among the traveling public in general, and there are few proprietors 
who have so many warm friends as he. 

Mr. Vincent has been prominent in republican politics in Ber'Men 
county and the state for many years, and while he has never .sought pub- 
lic office, has been honored by the state. In 1901 he was appointed 
warden of the Michigan State Prison at Jackson, a position filled with 
credit to himself and to the entire satisfaction of the state until 1905, his 
term extending a little more than four years. Mr. \'incent is a memijer 
of George H. Thomas Post, Grand Amiy of the Republic, and of Lake 
Shore Lodge No. 298, F. & A. M. 

In 1866 Mr. Vincent married Elmira E. Enos, a daughter of Joseph 
and Lucy (Young) Enos, of Bainbridge township, Berrien county, Michi- 
gan, where the family were pioneers. Two daughters have been born to 
this union, namely : Maude E., who married Clarence E. Blake, iden- 
tified with the management of the Hotel W'hitcomb, and has four chil- 
dren — Eugenia, Alonzo, Clara E. and Mary ; and Gertrude Marie, v. ho 
married W. S. Bastur, of Benton Harbor. 

Judge Arthur William Ganschow. Judge of probate to Saginaw 
county, an office to which he was elected in 1912, following ten years of 
.service as judge of the recorder's court. Arthur William Ganschow is a 
lawyer by profession and a member of the Saginaw county bar since 1899. 
He is in no sense a professional politician, and it was only at the solicita- 
tion of his friends that he consented to enter the political arena, and accept 
the burdens of public office. 

Arthur William Ganschow was born May 8, 1878, a son of Frank R. 
and Augusta C. ( Wurtzel ) Ganschow. His parents were both born in 
Germany. Grandfather Frederick Ganschow, founder of the American 
branch of this family, came to Michigan and settled in Saginaw when his 
son Frank was a boy. Grandfather Frederick Ganschow was a pattern 
maker by trade, having learned the art in Germany, and for many years 
was in the employ of the F. Bartlett Foundry Company of Saginaw. 
Frank R. Ganschow on the other hand was a printer by trade, having 
learned that art in Cincinnati. In 1862 he enlisted in the Union army, 
and went through the struggle from beginning to end. At the conclusion 
of hostilities he returned to Michigan and located in Saginaw for several 
years, where his name and enterprise were identified with the ownership 
and editorial management of the Sagimm'an, a publication which is still 
in existence. This enterprise was conducted with considerable success by 
the late Mr. Ganschow. He possessed a large following of friends, and 
his intellectual ability and personal character made him in every sense a 



1904 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

leader. His wife died January 2, 1907. Of the eight children in the 
family, five are now deceased. Frank W. Ganschow is president of the 
Commercial and Society Printing Company, and a well known Saginaw 
business man ; the only daughter is Augusta Ganschow, whose home is 
in Pasadena, California. 

Judge Ganschow grew up in Saginaw, attended the grammar and 
high schools, and in the class of 1891) was graduated LL. B. from the 
University of Michigan. His first work was as an assistant in the office 
of James H. Davitt, a prominent Saginaw attorney. Six months later 
he left Saginaw, and spent a year and a half in the northwestern states, 
in Washington, Idaho and California, and was variously engaged in 
newspaper work, mining and other ventures. On his return to this city, 
in the summer of 1902, he opened law offices with A. Elwood Snow, 
under the firm name of Ganschow & Snow. He had been in Saginaw 
but a few months when the importunities of his friends induced him to 
enter politics, and he was a successful candidate in November, 1902, for 
the office of judge of the Recorder's courts. His name was on the Dem- 
ocratic ticket, and he was again and again returned to the office until the 
fall of 191 2. In the meantime he had been nominated, and in November 
was elected, judge of prol^ate for Saginaw County, and entered upon his 
official duties in that delicate and important office in January, 1913. 

Judge Ganschow belongs to the Saginaw County Bar Association, 
has taken the dift'erent degrees in Masonry, and belongs to the Mystic 
.Shrine, is past exalted ruler of the Elks, is past dictator of the local 
lodge of the Moose, and is affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, and the Arbeiter Society. In November, 1902, occurred the 
marriage of Judge Ganschow to Miss Dorris F. Wells, who was born in 
Saginaw, a daughter of Julius and Adeline Wells, of Saginaw, Michigan. 
The chief characteristics of Judge Ganschow are a quick and brilliant 
mind, and active, alert disposition, and he is a witty and genial man 
whose personality has brought to him scores of stauncli and lasting 
friendships. During his high school and college days his popularity was 
already well established, and he was president of his class in the senior 
year in high school. He was also distinguished in athletic sports, and 
is still an enthusiast for all clean outdoor sports. 

Homer Sly. As secretary, treasurer and general manager of the 
Petoskev Crushed Stone Company, one of the most extensive concerns 
of its kind in Northern Michigan, Mr. Sly is known as an influential fig- 
ure in industrial and civic affairs in Emmet county, and he has had the 
distinction of serving as mayor of the beautiful city which is now his 
home. He is a scion of a well known pioneer family of this section of 
the Wolverine State and though he is a native of Illinois he has been, 
save for a few years, a resident of Michigan from childhood. Imbued 
with distinctive progressiveness and marked civic loyalty, he has been 
influential in the furtherance of enterprises and measures that have con- 
served the general welfare of Petoskev, and he is specially worthy of 
recognition in this publication. 

Mr. Sly was born at Lockport, Will county, Illinois, on the ist of 
October, 1871, and is a son of Eugene R. and Emma J. ( Spicer) Sly, 
both of whom live at Bay Shore, Charlevoix county, Michigan. Eugene 
R. Sly has been a prominent figure in connection with the lime and stone 
industry at Bay Shore and Petoskey and is now living virtually retired, 
his home being at Bay Shore. Of the four children the eldest is Elliott 
M., who is now a resident of Kennewick, Yakima county, Wa.shington ; 
Homer, of this review, was the next in order of birth: Lora is the wife 
of Orville C. Atwood and they reside near Benton Harbor, Alichigan ; 



THI JdW irj»« 






HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1905 

and Ruth is the wife of Eugene D. Pennell, a popular teacher iii the 
schools of the city of Minneapolis, ^^linnesota. Eugene R. Sly has long 
been well and favorably known in the business and civic activities of 
Northern Michigan and he has the distinction of being a veteran of the 
Civil War, in which he served as a gallant soldier in an Illinois regiment. 
He participated in many engagements and was captured at the battle of 
Chickamauga, after which he was held as a prisoner of war for eighteen 
months. He is a stalwart Republican in politics and in the piping times 
of peace he has ever shown the same spirit of loyalty that impelled him 
to go forth in defense of the Union when the integrity of the nation was 
in jeopardy. 

To the public schools of Petoskey Homer Sly, former mayor of the 
city, is indebted for his early educational discipline, which was supple- 
mented by a course in Ferris Institute, at Big Rapids. There he con- 
tinued his studies until he had attained to his legal majority, in 1892, 
after which he devoted one year to the teaching of shorthand, in the city 
of ]\Iuskegon. He then spent two years in Chicago in connection with 
the World's Columbian E.xposition, after which he went to Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, where he assumed the position of stenographer in the 
offices of the Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company, a post 
which he retained until 1894, after which he was in charge of the re- 
pair department of the Westinghouse Machine Company, in the same 
city, until 1899. In these connections Mr. Sly gained experience which 
has proved of inestimable value to him in his independent career, and he 
ascribes much importance to the close association which he had with that 
master of detail, the great inventor, George Westinghouse, with whom 
he came in daily contact and whose memory he greatly honors. 

In 1899 Mr. Sly resigned his position at Pittsburgh and became secre- 
tary and manager of the Bay Shore Lime Company,' at Bay Shore, 
Michigan, his father having been at the time the executive head of the 
company. At Bay Shore he continued to be closely and effectively iden- 
tified with the management of the business of this corporation until 
1905, when he accepted the position of manager of the Elk Cement & 
Lime Company, at Elk Rapids, Antrim county. He had much influence 
in the development of the business of this company, as he had not only 
intimate knowledge of the practical details of the enterprise but also an 
admirable administrative ability. In 1908 Mr. Sly became actively 
identified with the Northern Lime Company, in which he is still a stock- 
holder, and he is a valued executive officer of this corporation, which is 
one of the most important of its kind in this section of the State. In 
191 1 Mr. Sly was tendered and accepted the position of secretary, treas- 
urer and manager of the Petoskey Crushed Stone Company, and this in- 
cumbencv he has since retained, his services having inured greatly to the 
benefit of the company, which has the distinction of being the largest 
shipper from Petoskey over the line of the Pere Marquette Railroad, its 
shipments averaging from thirty to forty thousand tons of crushed stone 
each month. 

As a Republican ^Ir. Sly has been zealous in the support of the party 
cause and has been influential in local politics. During 1912-13 he served 
as mayor of Petoskey, having been elected by a gratifying majority and 
having given a characteristically eft'ective and business-like administra- 
tion of municipal afifairs. He is one of the aggressi\e business men and 
progressive citizens of the fair city of which he was formerly chief execu- 
tive, has secure place in popular confidence and esteem and is an active 
and valued member of the Petoskey Board of Trade. 

In the Masonic fraternity Mr. Sly has received the thirty-second 
degree of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite, besides being affiliated 



1906 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

with the Ancient Araliic Order of the Xobles of the Mystic Shrine. He 
is past commander of the Petoskey camp of the Sons of \'eterans, is pres- 
ent commander of the local commandery of the Knights Templars, and 
is affiliated also with the United Commercial Travelers. Both he and his 
wife are members of the Presbyterian church. 

On the 2ist of December, 1894, was solemnized the marriage of Air. 
Sly to Miss Edith Doe, daughter of Calvin \V. Doe, a prominent real- 
estate dealer at Big Rapids, Michigan, of which city he was formerly 
mayor. Mr. and Mrs. Sly have one daughter, Helen, who was born in 
the year 1902. 

Julius William Ippel. The leading dry goods merchant of Sagi- 
naw, West Side, twenty-five years ago was clerk in one of the Saginaw 
business houses at his present location. With his experience and on the 
strength of his large acquaintance, he started in business for himself 
in 1 891. He had a well selected but small stock of goods, had only five 
assistants, and with courage and an exceptional degree of enterprise 
started out to make a success, in a field where statistics proved that 
ninety-five per cent of those who engage fail. Mr. Ippel long since 
counted himself as one of the successful five per cent, and has, along 
with the ability to manage a successful mercantile enterprise, taken a 
leading place among the citizens of his community. 

Julius William Ippel was born August 30, 1861, in West Bend, Wis- 
consin, a son of George and Agnes ( Caste) Ippel. His father was born 
at Bingen, Germany, and Switzerland is the native place of his mother. 
The father came to the United States unmarried, located in West Bend, 
Wisconsin, where his marriage took place, and he was there engaged in 
merchandising. It was a pioneer period when he settled there and the 
Indians were still troublesome. George Ippel raised a company from 
among the settlers to act as home guards and protect the community 
from Indian raids. He was captain of that company, and as a result 
of that experience, when the Civil war came on, he enlisted and became 
first lieutenant of a Wisconsin company, that joined the troops under 
General Hooker, and served until his honorable discharge in 1865. On 
returning from his military experience he removed his family to Sagi- 
naw, where he engaged in the grocery trade, until his death in 186S. 
His death was the direct result of the exposure and hardships encoun- 
tered during the strenuous days of the early sixties. His wife survived 
him a number of years. He was active in C)dd Fellowship, and also in 
the Grand Army of the Republic. Of the five children three are now 
deceased, and the sister of Julius W. is Anna, wife of Andrew \\'irth. 
and their residence is in the old home on Fayette Street, between Cleve- 
land and ]\Ionroe Streets in Saginaw, West Side. 

Julius W. Ippel as a boy grew up in Saginaw, where the family lo- 
cated when he was four years of age. His education was chiefly from 
the grammar and high schools, and also from a business college. At the 
age of seventeen he started out for himself. His first position was as a 
minor clerk in the Bauman Dry Goods Store, which at that time was the 
biggest store in Saginaw. Thirteen years with the Bauman Store gave 
him an experience covering practically every detail of the dry goods 
trade, and in that firm he had advanced from a minor position and office 
work, until for the last eight years he was manager and buyer for the 
Bauman Store. In October, 1891. Mr. Ippel having left the Bauman 
store, made a modest start on his own account. His first stock of goods 
was opened at 412 Court Street. The large acquaintance he had made 
while in the Bauman employ, quickly found him out, and he was soon 
enjoying a large patronage at his new location. Several years later it 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1907 

became necessary to increase his space, owing to the expansion of his 
business, and just across the street he leased a double store, formerly oc- 
cupied by the Saginaw Dry Goods & Carpet Company. Those quarters 
furnished space for the business for six years, and in 1905 he secured 
the large building at the corner of Michigan and Court Street, and since 
that time the Ippel Store has ranked as foremost in its line in Saginaw, 
West Side. Some forty or more persons are employed in the different 
departments. That number, when contrasted with the five employees 
who assisted him at the beginning, furnishes a graphic contrast as an esti- 
mate of his rapid progress. His store has sixteen thousand, eight hun- 
dred square feet of floor space, more than half of the first or ground floor 
space being devoted to retail trade. Besides the large dry goods store, 
Mr. Ippel operates what is known as the Ippels Five and Ten Stores 
Company, a very successful enterprise of itself. Mr. Ippel is a man of 
pleasing and genial nature, and well deserves the high esteem and confi- 
dence paid him by the entire community. 

Mr. Ippel is a director of the Saginaw Hotel Company, operating the 
Hotel Fordney, built and financed by West Side merchants. He has taken 
thirty-two degrees of Scottish Rite Masonry, and is a member of St. 
Bernard Commandery and Elf Khurafeh Shrine. He is a life member 
of the Elks and was twice elected exalted ruler of his lodge. He is a 
past chancellor in the Knights of Pythias, and for the past several years 
has been president of the Teutonia Society, an organization with whose 
success he has been very closely identified, and for which as president he 
took the lead in securing the splendid quarters now occupied by the 
society in Saginaw. Mr. Ippel is also a member of the Arbeiter \'erein, 
and the Saginaw Canoe Club. 

His marriage on April 21, 1891, gave him. as a wife, Miss Anna 
Ringler, who was born in Saginaw, a daughter of Eugene Ringler, who 
is now ninety years of age and lives in Saginaw, on the West Side. To 
their marriage were born three sons, as follows : Eugene William Ippel, 
aged twentv-one, a graduate of the Arthur Hill High School; Julius A., 
aged nineteen, also a graduate of the Arthur Hill High School, and both 
now engaged with their father in the dry goods business ; and Arthur G.. 
aged seventeen, a student in the Arthur Hill High School. Aside from 
his pleasant home at 311 South Webster Street, Mr. Ippel owns and en- 
jovs a summer cottage at Point Lookout, Lake Huron, where he and his 
family enjoy a large portion of the summer season. Mr. Ippel took con- 
siderable time in planning and upbuilding the well known summer resort 
of Point Lookout, which is located sixty miles from Saginaw. He is 
one of a company that bought a tract of land on the point, and induced 
many of his friends to build cottages, the colony being now very suc- 
cessful. 

Austin Frederick Burdick, A. B., M. D. The medical jirofession 
of ^Michigan is worthily and capably represented at Landing by Dr._/\ustin 
Frederick Burdick, whose comprehensive training, inherent ability and 
high achievements have placed him in a foremost position among the 
men of his honored calling in this state. Doctor Burdick is a native 
son of Lansing, born March 23, 1878, and is descended from two Michi- 
gan pioneer families. His father, Ichabod Burdick, was born at Allen's 
Prairie, Michigan, November 15, 1833, a son of Aml^rose S. Burdick, a 
native of New York state, born February 0, 1807. The grandfather came 
to Michigan during pioneer days, taking up government land, but in 
later Hfe" removed to Lansing. His wife, Margaret G., whom he mar- 
ried in New York, was born in the Empire state. December 19, 1808. 
The mother of Doctor Burdick bore the maiden name of ^Mary Yeiter, 



1908 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

and was bom in Ohio, February 17, 1840, a daughter of Frederick and 
Elizabeth (Brock) Yeiter, natives of Germany, the former born July i, 
181 1, and the latter May 5, 1817. They were married in the United States, 
were early settlers of Ohio, and came to Lansing in about the year 1850. 
The parents of Doctor Burdick were married at Lansing, ^larch 26, 1857, 
and seven years ago celebrated their fiftieth, or Golden, anniversary, and 
both are still living and enjoying the best of physical health and unim- 
paired mental faculties. The father learned the furniture maker's trade 
in his youth, and was engaged at this occupation until the outbreak of the 
Civil War, at which time he enlisted in Company A, Twentieth Regiment, 
Michigan Volunteer Infantry. He saw some very active service and 
at one time was taken prisoner by the enemy and confined for five months 
in Salsbury Prison. At the close of hostilities ]\Ir. Burdick returned to 
the peaceful pursuits of his trade, was very successful in his business ven- 
tures, and of late years has concentrated his energies upon looking after 
his property interests. 

Dr. Austin F. Burdick secured his early education in the Lansing 
public schools, and was graduated from the high school here in 1896. 
He was president of his class in both sophomore and senior years, and 
in his junior year was chairman of the Junior Exhibition Committee, 
which committee was the founder o{ the plan to hold the junier exhi- 
bition in the opera house, and which has since become an annual event 
of much importance to the students and interest to the general pub- 
lic. After leaving high school Doctor Burdick spent one year in 
the drug store of his brother-in-law, Dr. Turner, at Webberville, Michi- 
gan, but in 1897 resumed his studies as a student in the University of 
Michigan, taking the full course of six years in one year less than that 
time, and was graduated with the class of 1901, receiving the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts. He was graduated from the medical department of 
the same school with the class of 1902, receiving the degree of Doctor 
of Medicine, and at once entered practice at Webberville. there spend- 
ing one year. Following this he was located at Perry, Michigan, for 
three months, and next went to Beloit, Wisconsin, where he was engaged 
in a special practice in diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat, imtil 
May, 1912, when he returned to his old home at Lansing. Here he has 
firmly established himself in his profession as a specialist. Doctor Bur- 
dick has never ceased to be a close and assiduous student. He has taken 
post-graduate work at the New York City Eye and Ear Infirmary, at 
the Chicago Polyclinic, at the Royal London Ophthalmic Hospital and at 
the Central London Nose and Throat Hospital, London, England. At 
this writing (June 20, 1914), he is preparing to attend the annual meeting 
of the American Medical Association, at Atlantic City, New Jersey, fol- 
lowing which he will go abroad to London, England, to pass the balance 
of the summer at the two institutions above named. It is his intention 
also to attend the clinical congress of North American Surgeons, to be 
held in London. 

Doctor Burdick is a member of the Ingham County ^ledical Society, 
the Michigan State Medical Society and the American Medical Associa- 
tion. His fraternal connections include membership in the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. On June 10, 1903, Doctor Burdick married Jessie 
Stabler, who was born in Clinton county, Michigan, daughter of Charles 
and Carrie (Goodrich) Stabler, and they have two children: Arlene 
Adell and Elgeva June, aged respectively, nine and four years. 

H.\MiLTnN Watson. Outside of the largest cities, there exist few 
exclusive china and glassware estaljlishments. This is due to the fact 
that "Oueensware" is one of the most available stocks to be included in 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1909 

a department store, and china and glass dealers everywhere have to con- 
tend against the keen competition of these general stores. For this 
reason, where a successful individual business of this kind is found, its 
very existence and prosperity are a splendid tribute to the energy and 
commercial judgment of its proprietor. 

One such concern, and one of the largest in Michigan, is the H. 
Watson & Company, wholesale and retail dealers in china and glassware, 
at Saginaw. The president is Hamilton \\'atson, who has been identified 
with this line of trade for more than a quarter of a century. The com- 
pany is the largest importers and dealers in the state. The companv 
was incorporated under its present form in 1904. In their storerooms 
at Saginaw more than twelve thousand square feet are devoted to the 
stock, and show rooms, besides large warehouses, for the surplus and 
wholesale goods. Steady employment is afforded to fifteen or more peo- 
ple, and, as already stated, it is the only exclusive china and glass retail 
store in Saginaw. 

Mr. Watson was bom in Port Huron. Alichigan. ]\Iay 24, 1856, a 
son of George and Ann (Coleman) Watson, both parents natives of Ire- 
land, who came to Michigan when children with their respective parents, 
and settled in the Saginaw \'alley during the decade of the fifties, when 
all this section of Michigan was new and wild, and where the father 
as a farmer endured all the hardships of pioneering. There were four 
children, of whom Hamilton was the oldest, the others being: George 
and James, both prominent farmers of Saginaw county, and Thomas 
Watson, junior member of the firm of \\'atson Company. 

Hamilton Watson attended the grammar and high schools of Sagi- 
naw. When sixteen years of age the firm of Aiken & Company, prede- 
cessors of the present house of H. Watson & Companv. took him in as 
clerk in their establishment. In that house he had the rigid training 
which fitted him for the larger responsibilities of independent business 
management, and he continued as one of the trusted assistants of Aiken 
&• Company until 1878. The business afterwards was reorganized and 
became known as Daudt. Watson & Company. Air. Watson having bought 
an equal interest in the house. This firm continued its successful career 
until the last change was made in 1904. when Mr. Daudt sold his interest 
to the Watson brothers. The retail establishment is located at 420-422 
Genesee Street. That store would be a credit to any city in the country, 
and is one of the distinctive landmarks of the shopping district of 
Saginaw. 

Mr. Watson is a Democrat, is affiliated with Alasonic circles, and the 
Knights of Pythias, and has long taken an active part in the Presbyterian 
church of \\'arren Avenue, his wife being also a member of the denomi- 
nation. In 1892 ^Ir. ^^'atson married Aliss Aha Trowbridge, who was 
born in New York State, a daughter of Mortimer Trowbridge. Mr. and 
Airs. Watson take a prominent part in the social life of Saginaw. Airs. 
Watson, who is of English ancestry, traces her genealogy back to the 
sixteenth century. She is one of the ctiltured women of Saginaw, and 
takes an active part in its social and intellectual life. 

Frank Foster Rogers, one of the leading civil-engineers of Michigan 
and the present state highway commissioner, is widely known in the ranks 
of his calling, but has been particularly brought into public favor by his 
fine W'ork in connection with the organization and development of the 
highway department of the state. Air. Rogers is a native of Alichigan and 
is descended from one of the pioneer families which was found here in 
the territorial davs. This branch of the Rogers family runs directly back 
to the Alavflower, on which historic vessel came Thomas Rogers, who 



1910 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

was the immigrant by this name, who settled in the ^Massachusetts colony. 
The great-grandfather of Frank F. Rogers was Elkaney Rogers, of the 
fifth generation from the original ancestor, and his son, Obediah Rogers, 
a native of Massachusetts, brought the family to Michigan in 1832, five 
years before Michigan was admitted to the Union as a state. The grand- 
father took up government land, paying a dollar and a (|uarter an acre, 
and this farm, which is still in the family, is now located in Raisin town- 
ship, Lenawee county. Samuel R. Rogers, the father of Frank Foster 
Rogers, was boni in Massachusetts in 1830, and was in his second year 
when brought to Michigan. .Succeeding to the farm of which his father 
had been the purchaser, his life was passed in the pursuits of agriculture, 
and his death occurred after a long, successful and honorable career, in 
1898. The mother of our subject was Charlotte Foster, who was born in 
New York, and she died. in 1864. One of her brothers went from New 
York to Kansas at an early day, there became a prominent lawyer, and 
finally was appointed by President Grant as United States district judge. 

Frank Foster Rogers was born on the old family homestead in 
Lenawee county, Michigan, August 30, 1858. Reared on the home farm, 
his education was secured in the district schools and the Raisin \'alley 
Seminary, following which he became a student in the Michigan •■\gri- 
cultural College, from which institution he received the degree of Bachelor 
of Science in 1883 and later that of Civil Engineer. In the year of his 
graduation he located at Marlette, Sanilac county, and engaged in the 
practice of his profession, subsequently ser\-ing two years in the office 
of county surveyor. His reputation having extended beyond the limits 
of that community, in i8c>o ^Ir. Rogers went to Port Huron and in the 
following year was appointed city engineer of that city, an office which 
he held for eight consecutive years or until his private practice had 
reached such proportions that he was compelled to give all his time and 
attention to it. This occupied his energies during the following six years, 
and at the end of that time, with the creation of the department of state 
highways in IQ05, he was appointed deputy commissioner and assisted in 
organizing the department. Mr. Rogers continued as deputy until 1913. 
in which year he was elected commissioner of the department for a term 
of four years. He has been a potent force in the development of the 
department from its inception, when its force embodied the commissioner, 
deputy and stenographer, to the present, when forty employes, in addi- 
tion to the commissioners and deputies, are necessary to manage its 
afifairs. During his administration of one year the department has grown 
in usefulness and importance until it is one of the largest and most effi- 
cient branches of the state government. Mr. Rogers is a member and a 
former president of the Michigan Engineering Society and of the Amer- 
ican Road Builders Association. His fraternal connections are with the 
Mas(^ns, the Knights of the Maccabees and the Woodmen, and in his 
political views he is a Republican. 

Mr. Rogers married Miss Ada Lee, of Marlette, Michigan, daughter 
of the Rev. S. P. Lee, a Methodist minister, and they have the following 
four children : iVtabel, who was graduated from the Michigan Agricul- 
tural College, class of 1910, and is now a teacher of domestic science at 
Alma : Clara, who graduated from the same institution in the class of 
1914, and is now teaching at Owosso, Michigan; Fannie, who graduated 
from the Lansing high school, class of 1914, and is now attending the 
Michigan Agricultural College; and Frederick, who is attending the Lans- 
ing high school. 

Albert FR.\^'CIS Cosend.m. The Cosendai Dye Works, established 
at Saginaw in 1877, is both the oldest and largest establishment of the 



<sll^. 




'^^Hr I 








€^'Z^c^^^ 




'^^^^ 



€yCt^^~^.^^ 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1911 

kind in the Saginaw \'alley. The prosperity of this concern is based 
upon "good service," — abihty to do good work having been the primary 
capital with which the business was launched a generation ago, and the 
same quality having run like a strong thread through all the subsequent 
career of the institution, giving it both continuitv and prosperity. 

Albert Francis Cosendai, who succeeded his father, now deceased, in 
the management of this concern, was born in Saginaw August 4, 1880, 
the son of John Francis and Emma Cosendai. The parents were both 
natives of Switzerland, and the father came to Saginaw in 1875. At that 
time his entire possession comprised no cash capital, but only a thorough 
knowledge and proficiency in the dyeing trade, a business he had learned 
m all its details in his native land. He was an expert, so much so, that 
he might be called an artist, and was certainly an authority in all the 
departments of dyeing. In a little room, a portion of his dwelling, in a 
very modest way, he began plying his industry, doing all his work alone 
at first, and gradually established himself in a very successful manner. 
In later years he built a modern factory and dye plant, and at his death 
left a large and prosperous business concern, the good will of which 
alone was worth a considerable sum. The death of the senior Cosendai 
was the result of an explosion in the dye works. At that time he had 
in his employ twenty or more people, that number representing the ex- 
pansion of the business since he started alone in a small shop. 

Albert F. Cosendai, after getting a good schooling, entered his father's 
employ, and learned the art of dyeing in every phase. Since his father's 
death he has assumed command of the splendid establishment, and has 
enlarged it and expanded its activities in various ways. His progressive 
ideas have enabled him to establish branch houses in many of the more 
prominent centers of northeastern Michigan, and these all contribute 
to the prosperity of the Central concern. At the present time more than 
sixty people find steady and remunerative employment in the works. 

Mr. Cosendai is an Independent in politics, and is strictly a home 
man, his only social and fraternal relations being with the Masonic Or- 
der, in which he has taken a Knight Templar and Shriner degree. 

Louis J. Pelletier, M. D. In composing a brief sketch of the career 
of one who has impressed himself by his gifts and talents upon the 
passing generation, one is pleased to find the all too rare union of high 
philanthropic ends with such practical qualities as have made him a 
successful practitioner of medicine and surgery. However rare may be 
such a combination of qualities, that they are not altogether incompatible 
is illustrated in the life of Dr. Louis J. Pelletier, of Ludington. As a 
resident of this city for more than a quarter of a century, he has been 
devoted to the best interests of his beloved calling, in which he has 
not alone attained distinction as a man of Inroad learning and high 
attainments, but as a sympathizer with the poor and unfortunate, whose 
friend he has ever been. 

Doctor Pelletier was born in Canada, May 19, 1859, and is a son of 
John Baptiste and Adele Gagnon Pelletier. The father, born in Province • 
of Quebec in 1831, there engaged in farming, becoming through his 
energy, thrift and perseverance the owner of a large and valuable prop- 
erty. He died in 1909, in the faith of the Catholic church, of which he 
and Mrs. Pelletier were lifelong members. Mr. Pelletier was a con- 
servative in politics. Of his eight children, Louis J. was the third in 
order of birth. 

Louis J. Pelletier attended a classical college at Rimouski for ten 
years, and was graduated therefrom with the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts, following which he entered Laval University, Canada, and in 



1912 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

1888 received his medical degree. He began practice at Ludington in 
1889, and this has continued to be the scene of his labors and successes, 
his large practice being confined principally to this city. He has never 
ceased being a student, for each two or three years he has taken a post- 
graduate course, and at various times has attended colleges in London, 
Paris, Xew York, Chicago and A'ienna, and whenever he can find the 
spare time he devotes it to study, research and investigation. Doctor 
Pelletier is widely known for his work among the poor, to whom he 
gives his services freely. It is his belief that the medical profession is 
for mankind and that its greatest problem is to secure honest and 
faithful performance of professional obligation ; also that physicians are 
a body of organized men laboring for the good of humanity. He has 
not merely stated these as his opinions, but has practically gone forth to 
illustrate that he believes in them and is willing to prove his assertions 
practically. 

Doctor Pelletier was married in 1893 to ]\Irs. Dr. Shortz. widow of 
a former prominent physician of Ludington, who assists him greatly in 
his medical, as well as his philanthropical work. They are consistent 
members of the Catholic church, and aside from the organizations of 
his profession. Doctor Pelletier belongs to the Knights of Columbus. 
He is a Republican, but has found no time to engage in politics, pre- 
ferring to devote his entire attention to his calling. 

\\'n.Li.\M John !McCrox. Proprietor of the Saginaw Publishing and 
Printing Company, !Mr. [NlcCron has had forty years' active experience in 
the printing and publishing business, began his apprenticeship when a 
boy in London. Ontario, was an expert at the trade of printer in the old 
days before the introduction of such modern machinery as linotypes, 
duplex presses and other facilities, and has succeeded because he has 
never stood still, has always been ready to adopt modern devices and 
adapt himself to them, and by careful management and shrewd control 
of his resources, has acquired the sole ownership of a business hardly 
second to any of its kind in northeast ^Michigan. 

William John jMcCron was born in Ontario county, Ontario, March 
24, 1856, a son of John and Lydia (Grant) McCron. Both parents were 
natives of Scotland. The father came to Ontario when a young unmar- 
ried man, and having been thoroughly trained to the trade of machinist, 
secured the position of master mechanic with the Grand Trunk Railroad. 
That was his position for a period of thirty years, during which time his 
home was in London, and he still resides in that city surrounded by man}- 
friends and enjoying the comforts of a long and prosperous career, benig 
now ninety years of age. His wife is deceased. The elder McCron, 
during his early life in Scotland, was active in the Liberal party, and now 
takes an active part in the Reform party of Ontario. There were ten 
children, and William J. was the third. 

Educated in the grammar and high schools of London, at the age of 
seventeen, he entered a printing shop and began learning the trade. His 
• employment for a number of years was in the office of the London Ad- 
vcrtiscr. and for a total period of twenty years he was connected with 
that firm, for nine years holding the position of assistant manager. Mr. 
]McCron came to Saginaw in 1891 to accept the place of manager for the 
Saginaw Printing and Publishing Company. He was elected trea.surer 
of the company, and continued in that office during the life of the com- 
pany. At the beginning there were twenty-two stockholders in the con- 
cern, but all of tliese have since sold their stock to Mr. McCron, who 
is now sole proprietor of the flourishing business. During his early years 
in connection with the Saginaw Company, Mr. McCron had only four 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1913 

workmen under his supervision, but under his energetic administration. 
the business has increased many fold, and he now employs eighteen or 
more persons about the various departments of the business. The plant 
occupies forty -five hundred feet of floor space, and the establishment is 
equipped with the latest machinery for rapid and efficient press work. 
with a large and varied assortment of material for the job work, and lino- 
types also take care of a large mass of general composition. The busi- 
ness is largely devoted to the manufacture of blank books, linotype com- 
position, general book publishing and job printing of the finer kind. 

jMr. McCron is one of the leaders in the Washington .\venue Pres- 
byterian church of Saginaw, being choir leader and an elder in the church. 
He is a prominent Mason, belongs to the Consistory, has taken thirty- 
two degrees, and also to the Shrine. His other fraternal affiliations are 
with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He is also prominent 
in the St. Andrew Scottish Society, having served as president during 
1893-97. Mr. McCron is a Republican in politics, and has often taken 
an active part in campaigns, as member of committees, and a vigorous 
party worker. His pleasant home is located at 602 South \\'arren Street. 

Reuben Goodrich. The Goodrich family was founded in ^Michigan 
in the year preceding the admission of the State to the Union, and in the 
first and all succeeding generations in this commonwealth those who have 
borne the name have stood exponent of the best in character and achieve- 
ment. Members of this old and honored family have played a large part 
in the development and upbuilding of the Wolverine State, and in earlier 
generations the same fine spirit was exemplified in older settled sections 
of our great repulilic. for the family name has been identified with the 
annals of American history since the middle of the seventeenth century. 
Hon. Reuben Goodrich was a man who left a benignant and enduring im- 
pression upon the history of Michigan, and consistency demands that in 
this publication be entered a brief tribute to his memory and a review of 
his career, the following record being gained largely from an appreciative 
newspaper article that was published at the time of his death, which 
occurred at his home, on Elmwood avenue, in Traverse City, on Sunday 
afternoon, January 8. 1899. when he was in his eightieth year. From an 
excellent genealogical record of the Goodrich family, prepared by S. V. 
Talcott, it is shown that the lineage traces back in America to John and 
Ensign William Goodrich, brothers who came from Bury .St. Edmond's, 
England, and who. it is supposed, first settled at ^^'atertown. Massa- 
chusetts, whence removal was made to Wethersfield. Connecticut, where 
John held lands in 1644 and Will held lands in 1666, as shown in the 
archives of that State. There is a tradition that John and William were 
orphans and came to this country with their mother's brother. W'illiam 
Stillman. this tradition also predicating that they settled first in the New 
Haven colony. Within the limitations of a sketch of this order it is, of 
course, impossible to enter data concerning the various generations of 
the family, but there are salient points that must be touched u|)on in 
noting the family association with Michigan history. 

Reuben Goodrich was born in Clarence, Erie coimty. New York, on 
the 28th of June, 1819. He came of New England lineage, his English 
ancestors having settled in Massachusetts and Connecticut prior to 1650. 
In England the authentic records of the family extend back for nearly 
900 years, man_v members of the family having been prominent in English 
history. Goodrich Castle, the old feudal home of the Goodrich race, still 
exists, though but a gray and ancient ruin, in the county of Ilereford, 
near the border of Wales. Its origin may be traced to the times of the 
Norman conquest, when the Saxon Goodriches were a numerous and 



lyu HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

influential family who, loyal to England and England's king, fought long 
and bravelv for a hopeless cause and who, when the Norman conquest 
was effected, suft'ered forfeiture and confiscation of lands and home. As 
for Castle Goodrich itself, it is authentically told that in 1204 it was given 
by King John to William Earl Marshall to hold, and for the next 400 
years was held by a long line of nobility. In the civil war between 
Charles I and parliament, in 1642, its possession was hotly contested by 
rival factions, and in 1647 '^ was ordered that "Goodrich Castle be totally 
disgarrisoned and abandoned," which order was executed, and the castle 
left in ruins, as they now appear, unchanged save through the ravages of 
time and decay. 

In 1802 the father of Reuben Goodrich married and settled in what 
was then the western wilderness of central New York, his birth having 
occurred in Genesee county, that State. In 1835 his father and brothers 
jnirchased a tract of more than 1,100 acres of land in Genesee county, 
Michigan, and as pioneers they established their homes in the untram- 
meled wilderness of a territory that was soon thereafter to attain to 
the dignity of Statehood. The early development of Genesee county 
owed much to this family of six stalwart sons, and the New England 
father and mother endured all the hardships of the pioneer life of those 
early days. In 1845 Reuben and his elder brother, Enos, founded the 
village of Goodrich and built up a large mercantile and milling business. 
The name of the Goodrich Brothers was known throughout all that sec- 
tion of the country and their efforts had much to do with shaping its 
whole future. In an historical sketch written by Enos Goodrich and read 
at the family reunion held in May, 1886, are found many interesting data, 
and from the article are taken the following statements, with but slight 
paraphrase : "I will point to the general fact that the natural home of the 
Goodrichs is on the farm. Generally they have not shrunk from labor, 
however arduous. One peculiarity of the family, wherever found, is 
that they are home-makers. Rarely if ever was a descendant of Levi H. 
Goodrich known to live even for a single day in a rented house. Turn 
one of them loose in the deepest recesses of the wilderness, come back 
in three vears, and what do you iind? No ruined and deserted cabin, 
with rough boards over the shattered windows and with pathways choked 
with weeds higher than the door caps, but a home surrounded with the 
comforts of life. Their larders and cellars and granaries are stored with 
the necessities and comforts of life; their cattle are grazing in the val- 
leys; and their harvest fields are waving on the hillsides. 'Home, sweet 
home' is a sentiment which they appreciate for themselves and transmit 
to their offspring. It is not strange that their isolated position, their self- 
reliance and their communion with nature begot an original way of think- 
ing and an independence of spirit which so emphatically constitutes and 
dignifies the man. * * * Some of us have digressed from the pur- 
suits of the farm long enough to build and operate mills and to take a 
hand in the affairs of the political world. One flouring mill and five saw 
mills have owed their existence to the efforts of my brother Reuben and 
myself. In remembering these enterprises we have this consolation to- 
dav, — that if they have not made us very rich they have materially as- 
sisted in the upbuilding and improvement of the country. * * * 
Time rolled on, the country grew ; slowly but steadily did the wilderness 
become a fruitful field, and the earth, in response to the pioneers' toil, 
began to give up her treasures with a bounteous hand. Long before the 
era of railroad construction in our section of Michigan Reuben and I 
had combined our limited means, our energies and our credits, and had 
built the Goodrich flouring mill. Reuben was the youngest of the six 
brothers and was thus about seventeen years of age at the time of the 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1915 

family removal to the Territory of Michigan. Our milling enterprise 
was a gigantic undertaking for two such chaps as Reuben and mvself, 
and nothing but the rashness of youth could have tolerated such a scheme. 
How we toiled in mill and store, on farm and in workshop. I have not 
time to tell. How we managed to establish a credit which was 'A Xo. i' 
from Detroit to New York and Boston, is a problem which I can not 
solve today. But when upon our books were found the names of thou- 
sands of customers whose wants we were making superhuman efforts to 
supply, there came an evil day, a day never to be forgotten in the com- 
mercial history of our country. It was the crisis of 1857. Strong men 
bowed before the storm and old established houses crumbled before its 
breath. The earnings of twenty years of such toil of body and mind as 
no man can duplicate in a lifetime, were ruthlessly and irretrievably 
swept away. It was thus that the firm of E. (S: R. Goodrich was dis- 
solved, and consigned Reuben to Grand Traverse and me to the wilds of 
Tuscola county." 

In 1845 Enos and Reuben Goodrich founded the village of Goodrich, 
Genesee county, as previously stated, and they were the most influential 
citizens and business men of the town up to the time of the financial panic 
mentioned. In 1854 Reuben Goodrich was elected a member of the State 
senate, in which he served, with marked efficiency, for two years, as con- 
temporary of such well known citizens as Austin Blair, George Jerome 
and O. D. Conger. The next two years he represented the First district 
of Genesee county in the house of representatives, incidentally taking an 
active part in electing Zachariah Chandler to his first term in the United 
States senate. In public affairs Mr. Goodrich exercised the same energy 
and discrimination that characterized his supervision of his own affairs. 
In those early days he had a great share in the battle over the disposal 
of the State swamp lands and aided largelv in winning the victory for 
the new counties, as against the older settled counties in the southern 
part of the State. In the organization of new townships, the establish- 
ment of State roads, the disposal of the great grants of land which Con- 
gress had made to the State for railroad purposes, Mr. Goodrich was 
always on the side of the frontier settlers. 

For twelve years Mr. Goodrich held the office of postmaster at Good- 
rich, besides being called to manv local offices of public trust. In i860 
he removed with his familv to Traverse City, and the following year he 
was appointed, by President Lincoln, receiver of the United States land 
office, but later was removed bv President Johnson, for political reasons. 
Later he was reappointed, bv President Grant, and he served in this 
office for a total of nine years. He was one of the three members of 
the State highway commission selected by the governor to prepare an 
amendment to the ^lichigan State constitution pro\'iding for a county 
road system, this amendment being adopted by the State legislature and 
also by popular vote at the State election in 189.V For twenty-three years 
Mr. Goodrich was highwav commissioner of the township of Traverse; 
he served long and effectively as a member of the school board and was 
continuously retained as a member of the village council of Traverse 
City, as was he of the council after the incorporation as a city. In the 
later years of his life he gave his attention largely to the real estate busi- 
ness and lumbering, and he platted several additions to Traverse City. 
-Advancing vears did not seem to dull his business capacities, and he was 
active in the supervision of his multitudinous aff'airs until his final illness, 
which was of about four weeks' duration. The entire community mani- 
fested a deep sense of personal loss and bereavement when this noble 
and venerable citizen passed from the stage of life's mortal endeavors. 



1916 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

and he left to the world the priceless heritage of a good name as well as 
a record of worthy achievement and kindly deeds. 

On New Year's day of the year 1857 was solemnized the marriage 
of Mr. Goodrich to Miss Elizabeth J. Eastman, who likewise represented 
fine old New England stock and who proved his devoted companion and 
helpmeet for nearly half a century, the gracious bonds being severed only 
when the husband had been called to the life eternal. Of this union were 
born four children, two of whom are living, the loving mother having 
continued to reside in Traverse City until her death. The survi\ing chil- 
dren are: Clara E., who is the wife of Charles B. Atwood, a prominent 
insurance man of Los Angeles, California; and Frank R., who resides 
in Traverse City, and who is individually mentioned on other pages of 
this work. Mr. and Mrs. Charles B. Atwood liave two children, — Clar- 
ence, who was graduated in Leland Stanford, Jr., University and also 
in the law school of Yale University, he being now a representative mem- 
ber of the bar of San Francisco, California ; and Mary Emily, who is the 
wife of Earl Josef Brank, an architect by profession and a resident of 
Monrovia, California. Mary E. Goodrich, younger daughter of Reuben 
and Elizabeth J. Goodrich, was for many years an attache of the otifice 
of the auditor general of Michigan, in the city of Lansing, and her death 
resulted from an attack of pneumonia. Charles E. Goodrich was a resi- 
dent of Kansas City, Missouri, and connected with the United States 
mail service at the time of his death. 

Frank R. Goodrich. A scion of a family whose name has lieen 
prominentlv and worthily linked with the history of Michigan since the 
territorial days. Frank R. Goodrich is one of the representative citizens 
of Traverse City and is a son of the late Hon. Reuben Goodrich, to 
whom a memoir is dedicated on other pages of this publication, so that 
further review of the family history is not demanded at this juncture. 

Frank R. Goodrich was born at Goodrich, Genesee county, Michigan, 
a town of which his father was one of the founders, and the date of his 
nativity was August 16, 1857. so that he was about three years of age at 
the time of the family removal to Traverse City. He has had a wide 
and varied experience in connection with the industrial and civic develop- 
ment of this section of the State, and achieved special prowess and re])u- 
tation in connection with his activities as a lumberman, his venerable 
uncle, the late Enos Goodrich, having uttered the following pertinent 
statement at a noteworthy family reunion held in 1885 : "Did space 
permit the insertion of the rough-and-tumble experiences of Frank Good- 
rich in IVIuskegon log driving and lumber-camp life, the recital would 
rival in interest the adventures of Daniel Boone, of Kentucky, or David 
Crockett on the head of the Cumberland." Reared under the conditions 
that obtained at the height of the great lumber industry of Northern 
Michigan. JMr. Goodrich naturally became inspired with the spirit that 
was much in evidence, and preferred life in the woods to the prosecution 
of a collegiate course, his early educational training having been obtained 
in the primitive schools of the pioneer days in Grand Traverse county, 
and this having been supplemented by a course in the Benzonia Business 
College, at Benzonia. Benzie county. He initiated his independent career 
in the sturdv and hazardous role of a "lumber jack." and he continued 
to be identified with the operations of the great logging camps of North- 
ern Michigan until the supply of timber had been virtually exhausted and 
the stirring labors and incidents of the early days had become but memo- 
ries. Of fine physique and great muscular power, matured through his 
herculean labors in connection with lumbering operations. Mr. Goodrich 
was given charge of the work of a corps of forty men in one of his 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1917 

father's lumber camps when he was but eighteen years of age. At the 
age of twenty-one he was the "walking boss" of a force of more than 
one hundred and fifty men, in the employ of the Corning Canal Com- 
pany, in the service of w^iich corporation he continued for eleven years, 
within which period he had charge of the breaking of roadways and 
gained familiarity with all other details of the logging industry and the 
manufacturing of lumber. It may consistently be said that he blazed a 
trail across and up and down tlie great lumber forests of Northern 
Michigan, and he incidentally gained reputation as one of the ablest 
managers of large forces of men that the lumber industry could claim 
in the days of its greatest activities in this section of the State. He 
commanded the rough but sincere affection of his men, maintained strict 
discipline but was always considerate and generous, wnth deep apprecia- 
tion of the intrinsic worth of character often concealed under coarse 
exteriors, and his splendid physical powers, coupled with courage and 
daring, made him a favorite in the fastnesses of the lumber camps and 
the perils of the river drives of logs. Only those who have had similar 
experience can fully understand the finesse and resourcefulness de- 
manded in the directing of the labors of men of the staunch type of the 
old-time lumber camps. 

Upon the death of his distinguished and honored father, in 1899, Mr. 
Goodrich became the administrator of the large family estate, a part of 
which is the fine Goodrich farm, a considerable portion of which is now 
within the city limits of Traverse City. He has shown much ability in 
his real estate operations, and, handling the property of his father's 
estate, he has wielded potent influence in the development and upbuilding 
of the western part of Traverse City, where he has platted several sub- 
divisions and successfully carried forward the constructive enterprise 
initiated by his father. For four years Mr. Goodrich served as mayor 
pro tern of Traverse City, and he has also given eft'ective service as a mem- 
ber of the municipal board of public works, the while showing a loyal 
interest in all that touches the civic and material welfare of the city and 
county that have so long represented his home and in which his circle of 
friends is coincident with that of his acquaintances. 

The political proclivities of Mr. Goodrich are indicated by the allegi- 
ance which he accords to the Republican party, and in the Masonic fra- 
ternity he has received the Knights Templar degree, besides being 
affiliated with the Ancient Arabic Order of .the Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine. He attends and gives generous support to the Congregational 
church, of which his wife is a devoted member, besides which she is a 
member of the Ladies' Library Club, past matron of the local chapter of 
the Order of the Eastern Star, which she has represented in the grand 
chapter of the State, and is a leader in the best social activities of her 
home city. Mr. Goodrich is affiliated also with the local lodge of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and with the lodge and uni- 
formed rank of the Knights of Pythias. 

On the 13th of February, 1902, Mr. Goodrich wedded, at Boyne 
Falls, Charlevoix county, iliss Myrtie Thompson, who was born at 
Millington, Tuscola couiity, and who is a daughter of George C. and 
Carrie (Van Wormer ) Thompson. Her father, who is now deceased, 
served as postmaster at Millington, under the administration of President 
Cleveland, and for eight years was a member of the board of supervis- 
ors of Tuscola county, where he was a citizen of prominence and influ- 
ence. He was a Knight Templar Mason. Mrs. Thompson, who is also 
deceased, was a representative of one of the leading pioneer families of 
Tuscola county. 



1918 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

August Celestine Mel:ee. Many years ago ]Mr. Melze was in the 
real estate business. He and Charles V. Johnson owned the tract of 
land on which the town of Merrill was platted by them, and jointly they 
supervised all the work connected with the clearing out of the streets, 
and he was also a merchant in that community. For twenty years Atr. 
Melze has been prominently identified with the larger mercantile enter- 
prise of the city of Saginaw, and is now at the head of the Melze-Alder- 
ton Shoe Company, wholesale jobbers in shoes and rubbers, and one of 
the largest wholesale shoe companies in the state of Michigan. 

August Celestine Melze was born in Stark county, Ohio, six miles 
from President McKinley's home in Canton. The date of his birth was 
October 12, 1851. His parents, Pierre and Louise (Prenot) Melze, were 
natives of France, and early in the forties settled in Stark county, Ohio. 
The father was a cooper by trade, manufactured barrels and did an ex- 
tensive business in that line'at Louisville, in Stark county, Ohio. In 1866 
he brought the family to ^Michigan, locating near St. Johns, but one 
vear later moved to Chesaning, Michigan, wdiere he and his son,_ August, 
"worked in a hoop factory. There the father continued until his retire- 
ment, and the last vears of his life were spent at ease and in comfort in 
the village of :Merrill, where he passed away when eighty-one years of 
age. His wife also ended her davs in :\Ierrill, and both lie interred in the 
cemetery at Hemlock. There were four children, the other three beuig 
mentioned as follows: Emil Melze, who went to the front as a Union 
soldier, was lieutenant of a company, and received wounds in the battle 
of Gettysburg that caused his death four days later; Dr. Louis Melze, 
for som'e years practiced medicine in Saginaw, later reached a promnient 
place in his profession in Chicago, where he died in 1906, after a long 
illness ; Elise is the wife of Peter L. Perkins of Merrill. 

August C. Melze received his early training in the parochial Catholic 
schools of Stark countv, Ohio. He 'was fourteen years old when the 
family moved to Michigan. Soon afterwards his attention was directed 
to the real estate business, and he became owner of considerable land m 
Saginaw countv, including the site upon which he located and laid out 
the'town of Merrill. This little village is on the Pere Marquette Railroad, 
on the Grand Rapids Division. Mr. Melze established the first store in 
that town, cleared off the woods and laid out the streets, was instrumental 
in organizing the first bank, and more than any other individual gave hi.= 
efforts in a public-spirited manner toward the upbuilding of that com- 
munity. His business relations and residence in the town continued until 
1892, 'in which year he moved to Saginaw and engaged in the wholesale 
grocery business. Mr. Melze organized the firm of Melze, Smart & Com- 
pany, 'but in 1895 sold out his interests and again resumed the real 
estate business. In 1896, Mr. Melze became manager of the Waldron, 
Alderton Companv, and then bought the Waldron interests, and has since 
been active head 'of the Melze, Alderton Shoe Company. This business 
has been increased materially under his management, and at the present 
time the stock requires twenty thousand feet of floor space and steady 
employment is given to seventeen office people and salesmen. Their 
traveling representatives cover the entire southern peninsula of Michi- 

Mr. Melze is a director of the Commercial National Bank of Saginaw. 
Since 1907, the year in which it was organized, he has been an active 
member and treasurer of the Merchants & Manufacturers Association of 
Saginaw. This association is made up entirely of wholesale merchants 
and manufacturers, and has been very active and influential m bringing 
in new industries and also in fostering the welfare of local business al- 
ready established, and the general interests of the city. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1919 

In the fall of 1875, !Mr. Melze married Miss Margaret Murph}-, who 
was born in Ohio. They have one child, Nellie Louise Melze, who mar- 
ried Harr)' P. Baker of Saginaw. Air. Melze enjoys his vacations with 
his wife and friends in extended automobile tours. In his private char- 
acter he possesses a kindly, genial nature, and is in the best sense of the 
term, a man of broad and liberal views. 

Nelson Brothers Company. This is now one of the large and in- 
dustrial concerns of Saginaw, and the output of gasoline engines, pump 
machinery, and feed grinders is known to the trade not only in this coun- 
try, but in various foreign markets, and the reputation of their machin- 
ery has been held up to the strictest standards, and has stood the most 
rigid tests of efficiency, wherever used. The Nelson Brothers co-part- 
nership has been a very prosperous enterprise, such as few concerns in 
the state of Alichigan can equal. A few years ago they started in a very 
small way, and at the present time the annual volume of business will 
run between a quarter and a third of a million dollars a year. The three 
partners are Clarence A., Harry B. and Clinton J. Nelson. 

These are all sons of Clinton and Harriet (Boughton) Nelson. Both 
parents were born in Clinton county, Michigan, and the father, who 
was born in 1852, has prospered and become one of the foremost land 
owners and citizens of Gratiot county, where he owns extensive tracts of 
land, and is highly regarded as a citizen and business man. When he 
was twenty-five years of age he started on his own account as a farmer, 
moving to Gratiot county, and as he gradually got ahead in this world, 
all his profits were reinvested in land, and a number of years ago, he 
ranked as one of the largest landed proprietors in that county. During 
recent years, all his time has been devoted to the management of his real 
estate interests. His home is in Alma in Gratiot county. 

His wife died several years ago. There were thirteen children and 
two of these are deceased, the living being mentioned as follows : Burton 
E., who lives at Alma, and is a farmer of Gratiot county ; Clarence A., 
Harry B., and Clinton J., all members of the firm of Nelson Brothers at 
Saginaw : Lulu B., wife of William Fowler, of Sumner, Michigan ; Ora 
D., wife of \\'illiam Bacon, of St. Johns, Michigan ; Floyd, a farmer near 
Alma ; Lyle S., a farmer at Alma ; Ivan J., a student in the University 
of Michigan at Ann Arbor: Fern A. and. Nellie M., who live at home 
with their father. 

Harry B. Nelson was the first of the sons to turn from farming into 
manufacturing, and that was in the fall of 1908. He bought an old es- 
tablished machine shop at Alma, long conducted under the name of J. M. 
Monhigal &: Company. A year later he was joined by his brother, 
Clarence, and during that second year they started the manufacture of 
pumping machinery. It was a very small output at first, and after prov- 
ing themselves successful in one line they added the manufacture of 
gasoline engines. They soon became convinced that Saginaw was a most 
eligible place for their business, not only for its superior railroad facili- 
ties, but for the general industrial situation. In 191 1, the two brothers 
were joined bv their brother, Clinton, and in December of the same year, 
they bought several acres of land at Morse and Owen Streets, upon which 
they built a modern brick plant, up to date in every respect from a sani- 
tary and factory standpoint, installed the latest improved machinery, and 
there their business has been steadily prospering from its inauguration. 
Five mechanics were first employed in their factory, only three or four 
years ago, and at the present time their force numbers more than one 
hundred workmen, the greater number of whom are skilled laborers. Be- 
sides the manufacture of gasoline engines, and pumping machinery, they 



1920 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

put out a general line of feed grinding machines. At the present time a 
greater part of their product has been successfully placed on the foreign 
market, and various parts of the world. Four traveling representatives 
cover the general trade, and one for the jobbing trade. The states of 
Ohio and Alichigan are exceptionally well covered by the Xelson ma- 
chines. A few thousand dollars would have covered the aggregate of 
business during the hrst year, and in 19 13, their gross sales amounted to 
between two hundred and lifty thousand dollars and three hundred thou- 
sand dollars. 

Clarence Nelson, the oldest of the three partners, was born Ajiril 2Ti, 
1880, was educated in the grammar and high schools, and also in a com- 
mercial college, and by his marriage to Miss Olive Church, a native of 
Gratiot county and a daughter of Frank Church, there are six children, 
as follows: Thelma, Irene, Ronald, Earl, and Helen and Hazel, twins. 
Harry B. Xelson, the second in age, was born Alay 9, 1882. received edu- 
cational advantages similar to those of his brother, and in 1902 married 
Miss Cora Rowley, of Gratiot county, a daughter of Frank Rowley. 
They have one daughter, Ruth Nelson. 

Clinton J. Xelson, the youngest of the firm, was born October 11. 
1883, and is a lawyer by training, having graduated 11. A. from the Uni- 
versity of Michigan in the class of 1909, and having taken his degree in 
the law department in iqii. Clinton Xelson married Miss Harriet 
Bailey, who was born in Livingston county, ^lichigan, a (laughter of 
James Bailey. To this marriage has been born one daughter. Myra. 

The brothers are all Progressive Republicans in politics, and likewise 
most progressive business men, their enterprise in this industrial held 
characterizing their relations with the general community. 

William T. Hoey. A life-long resident of Michigan, and a native 
of Alpena, where his business interests are now chiefly centered, William 
T. Hoey is a graduate from that rugged school of the lumber industry, 
and since his earlier experiences under some of the most capable kings 
of that business he has attained an independent position as a manufac- 
turer and dealer. The people of Alpena also esteem Mr. Hoey as a leader 
and a man whose career and influence has had a valuable share in com- 
munity welfare. 

William T. Hoey was born in Alpena September 3. 1875, a son of 
William J. and Constance (Jermain) Hoey. There were four children 
in the family. The father came to Michigan in 1864 and enlisted in one 
of the ^lichigan regiments during the closing months of the war. \\'illiam 
T. Hoey had only such education as was supplied by the grammar schools 
of Alpena, and when ready to take up the serious responsibilities of life 
found employment as a laborer in the lumber woods and in the saw mills. 
At the age of eighteen he took employment with J. A. Widner, and sub- 
sequently became a manager with the great lumber enterprise conducted 
bv Ed Ayer of Chicago. He rose to responsibilities of an executive 
office with that firm, and after some years engaged in business with W. H. 
Sanborn, and was subsequently taken into partnership. Later Riebeneck, 
Sanborn & Hoev organized the .American Cedar iS: Lumber Company. 
Mr. Hoey was president of that concern, but three years later drew out 
to establish himself independently, and has since carried on an extensive 
business with headquarters at Alpena under the name of the Western 
Cedar & Lumber Company. 

William T. Hoey was married to Florence ^Masters, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Amelia (Bradford) Masters. They became the parents of eight 
children, seven daughters and one son, one of whom is now deceased. 
Mrs. Hoey died December 22, 1913. Mr. Hoey is a member of the Epis- 




C.U^>J-,r-^ 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1921 

copal church, has fraternal affiliations with the Masonic Order and the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and in politics is a stanch Re- 
publican. 

Richard Jones. Prominent among the energetic and enterprising 
men who have been ini^uential in developing and advancing the extensive 
lumber interests of Northern Michigan is Richard Jones, of Saint Ignace, 
head of the Jones & Kerry Lumber Company. Beginning life for him- 
self when very young, and under adverse circumstances, his father having 
been an invalid for nineteen years, he helped support the family with his 
meagre wages, but through persevering industry, careful management and 
unfaltering zeal, he has steadily worked his way upward, until now he is 
a power in the industrial and commercial life of the community in which 
he lives. He was born in Ontario, Canada, in 1859, but was reared in 
Michigan. His father, Alexander Jones, a retired farmer, living in Flint, 
Michigan, married Maria Hobbs, whose death occurred in 1901. They 
were the parents of eleven children, four of whom have passed to the life 
beyond. 

The second child in succession of birth of the parental household, 
Richard Jones received limited educational advantages, attending a coun- 
try school three months, only, his help being needed on the home farm, 
owing to the illness of his father. He was a great reader, however, and 
through home study in the evenings he obtained a practical knowledge of 
books". Going to Sanilac county in iS/S, Mr. Jones was there employed 
in a sawmill for six years, during which time he saved but little money, 
much of his earnings being sent to his parents. In 1885. shortly after his 
marriage, Mr. Jones located at Gladstone, Michigan, then known as San- 
der's Point, becoming a pioneer settler of that place. Clearing a tract of 
timber, he erected a sawmill, and began the manufacture of lumber on a 
small scale. Unforeseen difficulties arising, Mr. Jones, at the end of three 
years, migrated with his family to Asheville, North Carolina, to begin life 
for himself once more, and there for a year filed band saws for the French 
Broad Lumber Company. Returning then to Michigan, he took up his 
residence in Bay Citv, accepting a position as traveling salesman for Em- 
erson, Smith & Company, of Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania, nianufacturers 
of saws and mill supplies, being an old and well-known firm, his t^erri- 
tory embracing all of the country east of the Mississippi between the Great 
Lakes and the Gulf. As a salesman he was very successful and popular, 
earning the good will of both his employers and his customers. 

From 1896 until 1900 Mr. Jones spent his time in trying to promote 
patents which he held. In 1901 he entered the employ of the Lake Su- 
perior Corps of the Clargue Syndicate, and at Soo built a large sawmill 
for the Algoma Lumber Company, subsidiary to the Lake Superior Corps. 
The ensuing four years Air. Jones had the management of the Company's 
afifairs at that place, havii-^gin his employ four hundred and fifty men. 
Going to Albuquerque, New Mexico, in 1906, he became general manager 
of the American Lumber Company, of New Jersey, the largest lumber 
concern in the Southwest at that time, in his work giving emplovment to 
eleven hundred men, and specializing in Mexican white pine. The com- 
pany's mill yards covered one hundred and ten acres, and they owned 
1 12^000 acres of timber land, with an estimated cut of r. 500,000,000 feet. 
Mr.' Tones was a large stockholder in that firm, but at the end of a year 
resigned his position'as general manager, and disposed of his interests in 

the concern. 

Returning to Michigan, Mr. Jones was engaged in the lumber busniess 
at Bay City for about a vear, and then, in 1907, removed to Saint Ignace. 
and built the mill which he now owns. He subsequently organized a stock 



1922 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

company, capitalizing it at $75,000, under the name of tlie Jones & Kern- 
Lumber Company, with the following named officers : President, Richard 
Jones ; vice-president, R. Hanson ; secretary and treasurer, Charles T. 
Kerry. This plant covers an area of sixty acres, and has a capacity of 
60,000 feet of lumber, 30,000 laths, and 40,000 shingles, and employs one 
hundred and twenty men. The firm has large holdings of lumber, with 
twelve years' supply back of them, it being mostly hardwood, with hem- 
lock, and some pine. Mr. Jones is general manager of the entire business 
of the company, and is also a director of the Carp River Boom Company. 
Fraternally ]\Ir. Jones is a member of Bay City Lodge No. 129, An- 
cient Free and Accepted Order of Masons ; of Sault Ste Marie Chapter, 
No. 102, Royal Arch Masons; of Cheboygan Commandery No. 50, 
Knights Templar, which he helped organize ; and of Saginaw Temple, 
Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. He is also 
afiiliated with other fraternal organizations, in each of which he takes 
much interest. 

Otto Harxisch. Of one of the most prominent and earliest pioneer 
families in the Saginaw \'alley. Otto Harnisch in the third generation of 
the family residence has increased the distinctions of the name by his 
organization of the Valley Stove & Range Company, the largest jobbing 
concern of its kind in the state, of which he is practically the founder 
and leading spirit. The career of Mr. Harnisch may be said to have 
begun in the days when he was getting three dollars at the end of a six- 
day ])eriod of hard labor, and his advancement has always depended upon 
his ability to work hard and effectively rather than upon any influence or 
fortunate circumstance. 

Otto Harnisch was born in Saginaw, March 18, 1870. His parents 
were Frederick C. and Louise ( Schade ) Harnisch. They were both born 
in Germany. Grandfather Frederick Schade was one of the pioneers 
in the Saginaw Valley, having located there before even the village days 
of Saginaw city. He was the first harness maker to establish a shop in 
what is now the city of Saginaw. His little place of business was a build- 
ing set up on piles at one of the points that is now a center of the business 
district. Grandfather Harnisch was much more than a mere tradesman, 
and took a prominent part in the early civic activities of Saginaw. His 
son, Frederick, served as the first fire chief of the Saginaw \'olunteer De- 
partment, and in recognition of his efficient services in their behalf the 
merchants and citizens, a number of years ago, presented him with a 
beautiful solid silver horn, with his name engraved upon it. That horn 
is now one of the prized possessions of Otto Harnisch. Frederick C. 
Harnisch, father of Otto, was one of the first to engage in the manu- 
facture of cigars in Saginaw, and for a number of years had the largest 
factory of that kind in the city. He was one of the charter members 
of the Germania society, and active in the Arl:if iter Verein. The mother 
of Otto Harnisch still lives in the old homestead in Saginaw. All the 
family have been members of the Gemian Lutheran church, from the 
time of their settlement and the organization of that denomination in 
Saginaw. There were two children, and the other son is Frederick Har- 
nisch, a resident of Detroit. 

( )ttii Harnisch grew up in Saginaw, was a student of the public 
schools, and when sixteen years old entered the employ of the Alorley 
Brothers Hardware Company, they being the leading merchants of their 
line in the city. His wages at the start were hardly sufficient to pay his 
living expenses. He possessed certain qualifications which soon made 
him valuable to the concern and his efficiency may be best judged by the 
fact that he continued with Morley Brothers for twenty-one years, and 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1923 

for five years had charge of their stove and range department and for 
eleven years was a travehng representative, specializing in the distribu- 
tion and sale of stoves and ranges throughout the entire state of Michi- 
gan. In 1907 Mr. Harnisch was offered as manufacturer's agent, several 
of the leading lines which he had sold for so many years, and accepted 
the factory output as a jobber. Thus was organized and came into suc- 
cessful existence the X'alley Stove & Range Company. Mr. Harnisch 
took the leading and controlling interest in the concern, and has since 
built up the largest jobbing concern of its kind in Saginaw. This business 
is in many ways an important factor in the general prosperity of Saginaw, 
since as a wholesale distributing concern, it has linked the city with scores 
of other places in northern Michigan, and there are hundreds of towns 
which now look to Saginaw for their point of supply for the hardware 
goods, especially stoves and ranges. The company's plant is located at 
the intersection of River and Hess Streets, where excellent shipping fa- 
cilities are aft'orded. They handle immense quantities of stoves, ranges, 
furnaces, gas and gasoline stoves, and more than twenty-five thousand of 
their make of Model ranges and Queen heating stoves have been shipped 
from the Saginaw Valley, and more than five thousand of these stoves 
are in use in Saginaw homes. Such an enterprise is a splendid tribute 
to the business integrity and industry of Otto Harnisch. 

Mr. Harnisch since a boy of eighteen years has been a member of 
the Royal League, and for four years was honored with the office of 
Prelate! His affiliation is also found with the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks. 

Marshall R. Morden, M. D. A worthy representative of the medi- 
cal profession in Michigan is Dr. Marshall R. Morden, who began practice 
at Adrian in 1875, and through nearly forty years of successful profes- 
sional work, has dignified his calling by his earnest life and labor, and has 
won a prestige by which he well merits recognition among the representa- 
tives of Michigan medical fraternity. 

Dr. Morden is a Canadian by birth, and was the first of the family to 
come to Michigan, though he was subsequently followed by two brothers. 
He was born at Bay Ouinte, near Belleville, Ontario, August 12, 1844. 
His parents were John H. and Mary (Mason) Morden, both of whom 
were natives of Bay Quinte, the father born in 1804, and died in 1877, 
and the mother bom in 1813, and died in 1893. His father was a farmer 
and fruit grower, and did fairly well in a business way, and offered his 
children a good home and gave them fair educational opportunities. 
There were ten children, named as follows: Mahala, Carolina, Lucy, 
Benson, Lucretia, Marshall R., Lenora, Samuel, Edwin, and Walter. 

Dr. Morden grew up in his native locality, attended the schools of 
Belleville, and later Albert College. Some years after attaining to man's 
estate, he determined upon the medical profession as his future work, 
and bent all his efforts toward his proper equipment for that calling. In 
1871, Dr. Morden graduated M. D. from the then Medical School of the 
University of Michigan, and immediately after graduating located for 
practice at Somerset, in Hillsdale county. Four and a half-years later 
he moved to Adrian, and has since enjoyed the better rewards and honors 
of a long professional career. Dr. Morden is a Democrat, a memlier of 
the l.'nitarian church, and lias very strong views on the temperance ques- 
tion. For recreation^ he enjoys gardening, calls himself a crank on the 
subject, and has a reputation at Adrian as being one of the most successful 
producers of the varied crops of the garden, and it is not only a pleasure 
ijut a source of domestic food supply. 

At Bay Ouinte, Ontario, July 15, 1871, Dr. Morden married Sarah 



1924 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

Jane Terrill, a daughter of Esli Terrill, a farmer of Bay Ouinte neigh- 
borhood. Dr. ]\Iorden and wife have two children. Esli T. and Edwin J. 
Edwin T. Morden is a musician at Adrian, and by his marriage to Wini- 
fred Teachout has one child, Gwendolyn. 

Esli T. Morden, son of Dr. Marshall, has followed in the footsteps of 
his father, and is now one of the best specialists and general practitioners 
in Lenawee county. He graduated in medicine from the Michigan Col- 
lege of Medicine and Surgery in Detroit, in 1901, spent a part of the 
following year in post-graduate work at the Chicago Eye, Ear, Nose and 
Throat College, and in 1902 entered active practice at Adrian, being now 
associated with his father. He belongs to the Lenawee County Medical 
Society, the Michigan State Medical Society, and the American Medical 
Association, and for the past four years has been secretary of the Adrian 
Society for the study and prevention of tuberculosis. He was also secre- 
tary for one year of the Northern Tri-State Medical Society. Fraternally 
he is affiliated with the Masons, the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, and with his family attends the jMethodist Protestant church. Dr. 
Esli T. Morden married at Adrian October 18, 1905, ]\Iiss Florence Swift, 
a daughter of I. W. Swift, an Adrian grocer. 

Cii.ARLES Carleton Jenks. Now president of the Michigan Savings 
Bank and president of the Security Trust Company of Detroit, and identi- 
fied with other financial and industrial concerns, Mr. Jenks began his 
career forty years ago as a bookkeeper, was for some years connected with 
the iron manufacturing and hardware trade and has made a reputation as 
one of the successful business men of the state. 

Charles Carleton Jenks was born at St. Clair, Michigan, August 24, 
1S54. His father was an early Michigan settler, prominent in educational 
affairs and also as a merchant, lumberman and citizen. His father was 
the late Hon. Bela W. Jenks, who was born at Crown Point, Essex county, 
New York, June 6, 1824, a son of Jeremiah W. and Hester Jenks. Bela 
\\'. Jenks was educated in the common schools of Crown Point, in the 
Ferrisburg Academy and in the Shelburn Academy in Vermont, and also 
at the New York State Normal School in Albany. Possessing unusual 
scholarship and thorough training in educational affairs, he came to 
Michigan in 1848, settling in St. Clair county, and establishing a select 
school which he personally conducted for a number of years, and which 
furnished superior advantages to hundreds of the youth of that time. In 
1853 he joined his younger brother, Robert H., in merchandising at St. 
Clair, a partnership that existed about ten years. In 1867 they invested 
in timber tracts along the Saginaw valley, and for many years were con- 
spicuous operators in the lumber industry of that section. Meanwhile 
Mr. lenks invested largely in St. Clair county real estate and also became 
the owner of a large amount of property in the city of St. Clair. In 1869 
he was elected on "the Republican ticket to the Michigan State Senate for 
the Twenty-fourth District, and by reelection in 1871 served two terms. 
\\'hile his public service was of a varied and public spirited character in 
all its relations, he was particularly interested in the cause of education, 
and was the first director of the Union School in St. Clair and for a num- 
ber of years a member of the city board of education. In 1881 Governor 
Jerome appointed him to fill a vacancy on the Michigan State Board of 
Education, and in 1882 he was regularly elected member of that board for 
the term of six years. On November 3, 1853, Bela W. Jenks married 
Sarah Carleton of Granville, New York. 

Charles C. Jenks spent most of his vouth in St. Clair, attended the 
grammar and high schools of that city and finished his education in the 
Fort Edward Academy of New York. Locating in Detroit in 1875, he 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1925 

found work as bookkeeper with the old Wyandotte RoUing ]Mills, and 
later that company made him salesman for its products. He continued 
representing the firm under its original title and also under its successors, 
the Eureka Iron Company. In 1887, after twelve years of active experi- 
ence in the iron industry, Mr. Jenks became a member of the firm of 
Fletcher, Jenks & Company, wholesale hardware merchants, and was in 
that business five years. Mr. Jenks in 1904 became one of the organizers 
of the manufacturing firm of Jenks & Muir, under the name Jenks & Muir 
Manufacturing Company. He is still president of that important concern. 
IMr. Jenks is president of the Xewland Hat Company, president of the 
Michigan Savings Bank and the Security Trust Company, and president 
of the Commercial and Savings Bank of St. Clair, his old home. 

He has membership in the Detroit Board of Commerce, and the follow- 
ing clubs: Detroit, Detroit Country and Detroit Athletic. On November 
5, 1879, occurred his marriage in Detroit to Miss Christena Strachan, and 
their two children are Irene S. and Eloise C. 

George Wayne Syme.s. For a period of thirty-five years the Symes 
family has been closely identified with those activities which constitute 
the business and civic life of a community, and which in the aggregate 
have made Shiawassee one of the most progressive counties of central 
Michigan. The late Edward Svmes, whose remarkable enterprise in busi- 
ness affairs is now continued by his two sons, was the pioneer lumber man 
of Bancroft, and may be justly called one of the builders of that prosper- 
ous little city. He located there when it was nothing more than a country 
settlement, and gave his influence and energy to every subsequent phase 
of its improvements. 

Edward Symes was born in Milan, Ohio, and his wife whose maiden 
name was ]\Iarv Kline, was a native of the same vicinity. Edward Symes 
came to Michigan in early life, located at St. Charles in Saginaw county, 
where he became identified with lumbering. Two years later he returned 
to Ohio to get married, and then brought his young bride to St. Charles, 
and thenceforward for a number of years was one of the leaders in busi- 
ness afifairs at that place. He fonned a co-partnership with his brothers. 
Frank J. and George B. Symes, and Symes Brothers Lumber Company 
was one of the largest and most extensi^•e in its operation in the Saginaw 
\"allev. In 1878 the companv established lumber yards at Bancroft and 
Durand. The brother George was the first to retire from the firm and the 
two remaining brothers then established saw mills at McP)ain, and con- 
tinued actively in business until the partnership was dissol\-ed by mutual 
consent. 

Edward Symes retained the lumber yard while Frank directed the 
operation of the mills. In 1904 Edward Symes sold out the lumber 
vards in Durand. and thereafter devoted his entire time and attention to 
the lumber and coal business at Bancroft. In the death of Edward Symes, 
which occurred at Bancroft, March 26, 1911, the community lost one of 
its ablest business leaders and citizens. Bancroft had been only recently 
established when his firm opened a lumber yard there in 1878, and from 
that time until his death, his name was always associated with prac- 
tically every movement for the upbuilding of the locality. His large es- 
tate at the time of his death included two fine farms in Saginaw county 
close to the village of St. Charles, besides a pleasant home and valuable 
business property in Bancroft. His widow now occupies the old home in 
Bancroft. Edward Svmes and wife had two sons, the older being Louis 
Kline Symes. 

George W. Symes, the vounger son was born in Ivancroft, Michigan. 
August 10, 1887.' His training for life was unusually thorough both as 



1026 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

to school equipment and early associations and experience in practical 
affairs. From the grammar and high scliools of Bancroft, he was for two 
years a student in the agricultural college of Lansing. During his school 
da_ys, and afterwards he was closely associated with his father, and thus 
gained a thorough knowledge of the lumber and coal business, so that he 
was thoroughly equipped to take charge of the business and estate at 
the time of his father's death. 

Mr. George W. Symes in October, 1910, married Miss Mildred Con- 
ley of Oakland county, Michigan. They occupv one of the pleasant homes 
of Bancroft, and fraternally Air. Symes is at¥il'iated with the Masonic Or- 
der, the Knights of Pythias and the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks. His recreations are chiefly hunting and fishing. In politics he is 
a Republican voter. 

Amos O. White. A position of world-won leadership in business 
and civic affairs is that of Amos O. White of Fremont. Mr. White was 
born on a farm in Walker township, Kent county, Alichigan, on lanuarv 
8th, 1848. His great-grandfather, Henry White, was a soldier under 
Washmgton for seven years in the Revolutionary War. His grandfather, 
Samuel White, was born in Kinderhook, near Tarrytow^n, New York, on 
April 1st, 1787. He lived in Otsego county. New York, and moved from 
there to Canada, where he operated a flouring mill. In 1836 he emigrated 
to Walker township, Kent county, where he took up land which is 
now a part of the City of Grand Rapids, and lived there till his death on 
March 4th, 1873. One of his sons, Charles, was a soldier in the Mexican 
War, and the youngest son, Samuel, served as a captain in the war of the 
Rebellion. The latter is still living in Grand Rapids, Michigan, at the 
age of eighty-four. Abel Ford, the maternal grandfather of Amos O. 
White, came from his birthplace of \'ergennes, \ermont. to Kent county 
as one of the early pioneers, and died near Grand Rapids at an advanced 
age. 

The parents of Amos O. White were Milo and Mercy (Ford) White, 
the former being born at Preble, Otsego county. New York, lanuary i, 
1816. and the latter in Vergennes, \'ermont, August 24, 1815. They were 
married in Canada on January 31, 1838, and shortly afterwards came to 
Michigan, where they located in the wilderness of Walker township, 
Kent county, and cleared and developed a farm on which thev lived till 
January. 18(15. In that year they moved to .Ashland township," Newavgo 
county, and took up a homestead of one hundred and sixtv acres, wliich 
had been awarded to his brother, Charles, for services iii the Mexican 
War. Part of this tract with its original forest is now owned by A O 
White. 

There were nine children in the family of the parents, Amos O. be- 
ing fifth in order of birth. Three are still living, viz.: Sophronia M., 
who married Albert L. Russell and resides at Long Beach, California; 
and Violetta P., who married George Rosewarne and lives at Grant, 
Michigan. The parents were members of the Methodist Church and the 
father took a considerable interest in Republican politics and in local 
affairs, and served as supervisor of Walker township in Kent county 
for fourteen years when that locality was overwhelmingly Democratic. 

Amos O. White attended the c"bmmon schools of Grand Rapids and 
nnished his education in the high school of that city and in Newaygo. 
At the beginning of his successful career he taught school for four years 
in Newaygo and Aluskegon counties. 

In the fall of 1878, soon after his marriage, he located at Fremont, 
Michigan, where he has since continuously resided. Here he opened an 
office as representative of tire and life insurance companies, and in that 



<,^ 



■"^'v^-^, 

'""< 




HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1927 

field his success has been pre-eminent. He solicited the majority of the 
capital stock of the Patron's Mutual Fire Insurance Company of Ne- 
waygo, IMuskegon and Oceana counties, a farmers' mutual, and has had 
charge of the company since 1879, and the success of the company has 
chiefly been due to his efforts. He is secretary-treasurer of the company, 
which has grown under his management from $100,000 of insurance at 
risk to over $9,000,000 at the present time. Mr. White has also been 
president of the State Association of Mutual Fire Insurance Companies 
for several years, having previously served as secretary and treasurer of 
that organization. 

Since coming to Fremont, Mr. White has held various township and 
village offices, among them being township clerk, treasurer and justice of 
the peace, which latter office he held for twenty-four years continuously. 
He also served as village trustee and village president. 

In the field of education, Mr. White has always taken an active in- 
terest, and for years served as a member of the school board at Fremont. 
He was largely instrumental in bringing the Fremont schools to their 
present high standard. 

In addition to his other interests, Mr. White is president of the Fre- 
mont State Bank and assisted in its organization. He also organized and 
is a director in the Grant State Bank, at Grant, Michigan. 

Since 1880, Mr. White has, with the exception of one year, served as 
treasurer for the different Masonic bodies of Fremont. He is a member 
of Pilgrim Lodge, No. 180, F. & A. M. ; Fremont Chapter No. 131, R. A. 
M. ; Fremont Council No. 76, R. & S. M. ; Muskegon Commandery No. 
22, K. T. ; Dewitt Clinton Consistory, thirty-second degree, A. A. S. R. M. 
with its subordinate degrees; Saladin Temple A. A. O. N. M. S. ; and 
Magnolia Chapter No. 70, O. E. S. 

A Democrat in politics, Mr. White has •ajitendea' every national con- 
vention of his party for the last twenty-four years, was an elector on 
the second Bryan ticket, and has been a delegate or an alternate at 
Democratic conventions for the past sixteen years. Mr. White, through 
his business energ)' and success for a number of years enjoyed liberal 
means, and has used it for extended travel, having visited nearly all the 
countries of the world. 

On October ist, 1878, he was married to Ida M., daughter of Sulli- 
van and Mary C. (Sheldon) Armstrong, who were early pioneers of 
Michigan. The father was born in Riga, Monroe county. New York, 
March 3rd, 1821. When six years old he came with his parents and 
settled at Wall Lake, ^Michigan. His father dying the next year, the 
mother returned to New York, where Sullivan lived until of age. He 
then came to Kent county, Michigan, and took up land in Wright town- 
ship. On December 4th,' 1844, he married ]Mary C-, daughter of George 
and Sarah M. (Davis) Sheldon, who were among the earliest settlers 
of Grand Rapids, coming from Wilson, N. Y., in 1837, where Mary C. 
was born on October ist, 1827. After living eight years in Wright and 
Walker townships in Kent county, Mr. Armstrong moved his family to 
Ashland township, Newaygo county, in the fall of 1852. He was the 
third settler in this township, which was then a dense wilderness. Mr. 
Armstrong lived to see it all cleared and made to blossom as the rose. 
Six vears before his death he sold his farm and moved to Fremont, where 
he died January 30th, 1890. Mrs. Armstrong died January 12th, 191 1. 

Mrs." Ida M.\Vhite was born in Ashland March 22d, 1856, from a 
long line of Puritan ancestors on both sides, being a direct descendant 
of William Brewster of the Mayflower on her maternal side. 

Mr. and Mrs. White are the parents of three children : Milo A., born 
December 6th, 1879, who graduated from the Ferris Institute and also 



1928 HISTORY OF AIICHIGAN 

from the literary and law courses in the University of Michigan, and has 
been in the practice of law at Fremont, ^Michigan, since 1904, enjoying 
a successful position in the local bar ; he is a member of the Phi Kappa 
Psi fraternity and also a member of the same Masonic bodies as his 
father; Annie L., born February 21st, 1882, the second child, graduated 
from the Musical Department of the University of Michigan, was a 
member of the Kappa Alpha Theta sorority, and married Warren E. 
Emley, who is employed in the government Bureau of Standards at 
Pittsburgh; Mary L., born November 28, 1886, was a student at Yi)si- 
lanti Normal and graduated from the Literary Department of the Uni- 
versity of Michigan and married George H. Brown, who is also 
employed in the government Bureau of Standards at Pittsburgh. 

John Wendell Anderson. One of Detroit's prominent lawyers is 
John Wendell Anderson, who for over twenty years has practiced his 
profession in the Moffatt Building, and who as an 'individual and in asso- 
ciation with other well known members of the local bar has enjoyed some 
of the best distinctions and rewards of the profession. 

A Wisconsin man by birth, John W. Anderson was born at Pa 
Crosse, September 25, 1868, the son of Hon. Wendel A. Anderson, M. 
D., and Susan M. ( Small ) Anderson. He received his early educa- 
tion in the ward and high public schools of La Crosse and then entered 
Cornell University. Here he took a special course in history and po- 
litical economy complemented by a course of lectures at McGill Uni- 
versity in Montreal, at the conclusion of which he entered the law depart- 
ment of the University of Michigan from which, with the degree of LL. 
B., he graduated with the class of 1890. Admitted to the bar in the 
same year he forthwith began his practice in Detroit. The first three 
years he was associated with the firm of Bowen, Douglas ^- Whiting. 
From October, 1893. to January', 1896, he was the senior member of the 
firm of Anderson & Codd. The junior member was Hon. George P. Codd, 
former city attorney, former mayor of Detroit, and now on the circuit 
bench. In 1896 Mr. Anderson formed a partnership with Horace H. 
Rackham, under the firm name of Anderson (S; Rackham, and later as 
Anderson, Rackham & Wilcox. Since the retirement of Mr. Rackham in 
1913 the firm name has been Anderson & Wilco.x. Mr. Anderson was 
one of the original incorporators of the Ford Motor Company, in which 
he owns a substantial interest. He is also a tlirector in the Plighland 
Park State Bank. 

I\Ir. Anderson has meml^ership in the Detroit Bar Association and 
the Michigan State Bar Association. He is a member of the Chi Psi 
College Fraternity ; of the Masonic Order ; of the Detroit Board of Com- 
merce and of the New England Society. His clubs are: Detroit, Old, 
Yondotega, Detroit Athletic, Detroit Boat, Players, Bankers, Green Bag, 
Countrv and University, of which last he was president in 1902-03, and 
a member of its first board of governors. 

On June 19, 1895. Mr. Anderson married Gustava D. Doeltz, a daugh- 
ter of the late Hon. William l~)oelt7 of Detroit. Their two children are 
Wendell W. and Suzanne M. 

Clement McDon.ald Siinii, Judge of the Fifth Judicial Circuit of 
Michigan, is the son of David W. Smith and Leonora (McDonald) Smith. 
The father was a man of English descent and a native of Orleans county. 
New York, while the mother, also a native of New York, was of Scotch 
descent. Judge Smith was born December 4, 1844, near Fort Wayne, In- 
diana, and was brought to Michigan in infancy by his parents, who set- 
tled near Nashville, Barrv countv, on the farm on which they now live. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1929 

The early years of Judge Smith were spent at work on the farm and 
in attendance upon the district school. At the age of sixteen he entered 
the Academy at \'ermontville, where he spent a year in qualifying him- 
self for teaching. From that time until he reached the age of twenty-one 
he spent the winters in teaching and the summers in fami work. In 1865- 
66 he attended the law department of the University of ^Michigan and 
was admitted to the bar in the spring of 1868. In early boyhood he had 
not expected to be a lawyer, but an incident that transpired when he was 
eighteen years of age determined the choice of a profession as his life 
work. He was then a teacher in the country schools and happened to be 
a witness to a collision between two vehicles, in one of which he was rid- 
ing with the owner upon the highw-ay. The accident led to litigation. 
During the course of the trial he was fascinated with the application of 
law to the rights of the parties and especially by the arguments of the 
counsel before the jury. From that moment his decision to become a 
lawyer was fixed and irrevocable. His course of study was chosen with 
that end in view. After his admission to the bar he opened an office for 
practice at Nashville in the spring of 1868. The following winter he was 
principal of the first union school organized in Nashville after its incor- 
poration. In the spring of 1869 he went to ^linnesota and engaged for 
six months in the business of soliciting for a fire insurance company, and 
upon returning to Barry county in the fall, he settled at Middleville and 
formed a law partnership with Harvey Wright, which was continued for 
about six months. He then returned to Naslnille, where he resumed prac- 
tice, continuing until 1876. In that year he was elected Probate Judge of 
Barry county and removed to Hastings on January i, 1877. This office 
he held for eight years, and performed its duties in a manner entirely sat- 
isfactory to the public. During his term of office he continued his law 
practice and was associated for about two years with Charles AI. Knoppen, 
devoting such time as he could spare from official duties to the law business 
under the firm name of Smith & Knoppen. In the fall of 1880 he formed 
a partnership with Hon. Philip T. Colgrove, which was continued until 
Judge Smith was called to the bench. The firm of Smith & Colgrove had 
the largest practice in the county, and was connected as counsel with 
many of the most important cases. The practice of the firm was botli 
civil and criminal. Among the cases of greatest local interest and im- 
portance may be mentioned The People vs. Carpenter, charged with 
murder : People vs. Carveth, charged with wife poisoning, in both of 
which Mr. Smith was attorney for the defendant ; also People vs. ^McKay, 
in which he assisted the prosecuting attorney. He was counsel for the 
defense in the celebrated case of the People vs. Strong, and secured the 
acquittal of his client. Among the most notable civil cases were Baldwin 
vs. City of Hastings, in which the rights of the city to tax the farmers 
for a system of waterworks in the corporation was involved. Another 
case was Mudge vs. Board of Education, to determine the right of women 
to vote at school elections in the city, in which he was employed as 
counsel for the plaintiff. The case was carried to the Supreme Court and 
led to legislation securing the right to women to vote at school elections. 
In 1890 he was appointed prosecuting attorney to fill a vacancy oc- 
casioned by the death of C. H. \'an Arman. January 3, 1893, he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Rich as Judge of the Fifth Judicial Circuit. This 
was the first appointment made by the Governor. At the election follow- 
ino- he was elected for the unexpired portion of the term and also for the 
full term which expired December 31, 1899. 

Among the important cases tried before him as judge are the Butcher 
murder case, from Eaton county ; the Teft murder case from Barry 
countv ; the conspiracy case of People vs. Rosen et al. Eaton county ; Peo- 



1930 HISTURY OF MICHIGAN 

pie vs. Scott, manslaughter, a case growing out of the wreck on the Grand 
■ Trunk Railroad at Battle Creek in 1893. The following estimate is from 
a prominent member of the Bar of Eaton county : 

"Judge Smith has much ability as a jurist and is speedily distinguish- 
ing himself for readiness in grasping and mastering principles. He is 
extremely courteous and kind to members of the bar. Xo attorney has 
ever been heard to complain of not being allowed to state his case fully 
and fairly and try it upon his own, theory. His great strength is seen 
in his quick decisions when once satisfied of the right. Many a harsh 
rule of law is set aside in behalf of justice and conscience in his Chancery 
Court. He is apparently the most interested person in cases tried before 
him. His circuit is the largest in the state, consuming his entire time on 
the bench ; but the facility with which he tries cases enables him to keep 
well up with the business of the docket, although the amount of litigation 
brought before him is very large. He has already taken front rank as a 
jurist in the state. Some of the most noted criminal cases in recent years 
have been tried in his court. A part of his circuit is under local option 
law, which has been fruitful of much litigation. He is a firm adherent 
of the theor\- that all laws should be impartially enforced as enacted, and 
he never allows his personal opinion or feeling to manifest itself in the 
disposition of cases, except that his rulings are all tempered with hu- 
manity and sympathy for unfortunate people. The good advice and words 
of encouragement given to such as are convicted would, if followed, lead 
to reformation and good citizenship. Judge Smith is held in high esteem 
by the members of the bar, and is well spoken of throughotit the state." 

Judge Smith has for many years been a Mason, with membership in 
the Blue Lodge and Chapter of Hastings and the Commandery at Char- 
lotte. He is also a member of the Knights of Pythias and the Uniformed 
Rank of that Order. 

On May 17, 1871, Judge Smith was married to ]\Iiss Frances M. 
\Mieeler, a daughter of Milo T. Wheeler, who was treasurer of Barry 
County. Their family consists of two sons and a daughter. The elder 
son, Shirley W., is a graduate in the Literar}- Department of the Univer- 
sity of Michigan, class of 1897, and at present is the secretary of the 
University of Alichigan. The daughter received her eductaion at the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, and the younger son, Donald D., is a graduate of 
the same university, class of 1905, and at present is the consulting en- 
gineer for the Southern Surety Company of St. Louis, Missouri, where 
he resides. 

Linn M. Cudworth, M. D. Since 1896 Dr. Cudworth has been in 
the active practice of his profession at Perry, in Shiawassee cotmty. Dr. 
Cudworth acquired his education and training for a professional career 
almost entirely from the means earned by himself, and has advanced him- 
self to a place of leadership in the local medical fraternity. 

Linn M. Cudworth was born at Bainbridge, New York, February 
23, 1870, the only son of John W. and Catherine Elosia (]\Iaine) Cud- 
worth. The father, a native of Vermont, moved when a young man to 
Xew York, and is now living at Cortland, New York, a jeweler and opti- 
cian, and at one time postmaster of the village of Bainbridge. He is 
now sixty-eight years of age. His wife, who was born in Connecticut, 
was educated and married in New York State, died in Oxford, New York, 
in 1893, at the age of forty-eight. 

Linn M. Cudworth attended the public schools of his home town, fin- 
ished his literary course in the Oxford Academy, in 1889, and took three 
years special work at Colgate University. His medical studies were pur- 
sued in the city of Baltimore, where he was graduated M. D. in 1896. In 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN l'J31 

the same year he came west and located at Perry, and has been in suc- 
cessful practice for the past seventeen years. In his profession he be- 
long to the County and State Medical Societies, and at two different times 
has served his village as president. In politics the doctor is a Republican, 
is a chapter Mason, affiliating with Corunna Chapter, and was Master of 
his lodge in 1910. His other affiliations are with the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, his church is the Baptist, and he stands high in both 
social and civic affairs in Perry. Dr. Cudworth was married at Perry 
in 1905 to Miss Lucy B. Snyder, daughter of George and Ella Snyder. 
They have a comfortable home in Perry. 

E. A. Robertson. Now ranking as one of the leading cities and trade 
industries in Michigan, Saginaw has been fortunate in the possession of 
a fine body of capable business builders and leaders, including men of 
ability and integrity to direct the large enterprises which have given this 
city distinction among the larger centers of the state. During the past 
twenty years one of these men of enterprise has been Mr. E. A. Robert- 
son, mention of whose name at once brings up the E. A. Robertson Com- 
pany, of which he is president, and which is the largest firm of its kind 
in the state. 

The position of the E. A. Robertson Company, in the industrial 
activities of Saginaw, and what the firm represents in its contribution to 
the aggregate of ^Michigan's manufacture, is well described in a handsome 
book entiUed "Greater Industrial and Commercial Saginaw," published in 
1912. The descriptive matter in that article, which covers the ground 
practically up to the present writing, is repeated herewith : "This is one 
of the most uniformly prosperous of the many important industries of 
which Saginaw boasts. This business was established in 1897, and can 
therefore point with pride to a record of fifteen years of profitable 
operation. The business is that of making high-grade costumes and waists 
for women. The beginning was made in a small way, when only ten ma- 
chines were used, and a dozen people employed. At present the con- 
cern occupies an up-to-date factory building, consisting of three stories, 
and affording thirty-two thousand four hundred square feet of floor 
space. The workrooms are sanitary, light and convenient, and are amply 
supplied with machines of the latest and most modern patterns for the 
rapid and perfect manufacture of this special line of work. The operators 
employed, of whom there are three hundred and fifty, are those who have 
a thorough knowledge of their individual tasks. The increasing volume of 
business necessitates the services of six expert designers, who visit the 
famous fashion centers of Europe annually, and have entree to the estab- 
lishments of the leading masters of fashion. The costumes, dresses and 
waists, fashioned by this house, are eagerly sought by discriminating 
buyers for many of the leading women's apparel shops of the best ship- 
ping centers of the country. Each model produced in the work rooms 
of this concern carries the unmistakable stamp of style, is built on modish 
lines, and bears a chic appearance that appeals to the smartly dressed 
woman of refined tastes. The fabrics used embracing silks of a wide 
varietv. chift'ons, velvet and satins are the choicest offered in both foreign 
and domestic markets. The trimmings are all that the most exacting 
could desire, and include many importations, giving these garments an 
individuality in design and finish, not to be found in the average ready-to- 
wear product. The quality of the materials used and the high grade of 
workmanship in evidence has made the products of this concern widely 
and most favorably known to the trade in this special line as the yearly 
increasing volume of business most positively testifies. A corps of seven 
competent salesmen represent the firm in every state in the Union, and in 



1932 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

the principal cities of Canada, selling exclusively to dealers in high-grade 
wear. The E. A. Robertson Company maintain a permanent oflice at 
1 182 Broadway, New York City, where a special force of representatives 
meet the buyers. The otificers of the company are E. A. Robertson, presi- 
dent and treasurer; E. L. Hackstadt, vice president; and D. P. Toole, sec- 
retary. The officers together with F. B. Gage form the board of 
directors." 

Edmund .\rchibald Robertson, whose energy and broad experience in 
general clothing lines have been chiefly responsible for the up!)uilding of 
the Saginaw industry, was born at Cupar, Fife county, Scotland, May 13, 
1866, a son of John'and Mary Anna (Mitchell) Robertson. The father, 
a man of education, and for many years an office holder in his county and 
a leading dry goods merchant, retired after a successful career at the 
age of sixty years, and. born in 1832, is now eighty-one years of age, and 
lives at the town of his birth in Scotland. His wife is also alive, and 
they enjoy the peace and plenty worthily won by long and well spent years. 
Of their seven children two "are deceased, and the others are: Jessie, 
wife of Alexander Baird, of Winnipeg, Canada ; William Robertson, man- 
ager of the Rat Portage Lumber Company at \'ancouver. British Colum- 
bia; Edmund A.: ^lary, wife of Robert Brown, of Winnipeg; and Edith 
Robertson, who lives at home with her parents. 

Air. E. A. Robertson as a boy was trained in private schools, and 
though he passed the examinations for entrance to St. .Andrews Uni- 
versity, he was turned aside from a University career and at the age of 
fifteen began an apprenticeship at Dundee, Scotland, in a large mercantile 
and export linen goods business. Those who know how systematic is the 
organization and conduct of a Scottish mercantile house, will readily un- 
derstand that Mr. Robertson's business training was exceedingly thor- 
ough, and when he completed his apprenticeship, of four years, he was 
equipped with a training in practically every detail. Then emigrating to 
America, he located at Norwich, Connecticut, where he entered the estab- 
lishment of Porteous and Mitchell, a leading tirm of dry goods merchants. 

Archibald Mitchell, junior member of the firm, was a first cousin of 
E. .\. Robertson. Seven years were spent with that firm and in that 
time Mr. Robertson acquired a complete familiarity with trade conditions 
in -America. He gained a broad knowledge of the technical departments 
of dress goods manufacture. In 1S92 the firm bought out the business 
of Bauman & Company at Saginaw, Michigan, and E. .A.. Robertson was 
sent out to take active management of that new branch. It was in that way 
he became identified with Michigan and with Saginaw, and has since been 
a permanent resident of this city. The business when Mr. Robertson came 
to Saginaw was located on Michigan and Court Street West, was later 
moved to where the large Tanner Department Store stands in east Sag- 
inaw, and Mr. Robertson continued in active charge of the Saginaw estab- 
lishment for five years. At the end of that time he was ready to branch 
out independently, and organized a company to engage in the manufac- 
ture of shirt waists. This company comprised Mr. Robertson, Mr. X. 
Brady, Charles Benjamin and Paul Bernhardt. Since its establishment 
the firm has always gone under the name of E. .\. Robertson Company. 
In the meantime, however, the three associates just named have with- 
drawn, and the company has been incorporated with the officers as already 
stated. 

Besides his position as president of the E. A. Robertson Company, 
Mr. Robertson has many other large and distinctive interests in the city. 
He is a director of the Bank of Saginaw, and of the Argo Electric \'e- 
hicle Companv. He has a life membership card in the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, and his politics is Republican. On October 23, 
1897, Air. Robertson married Miss Fannie Williams, a native of Saginaw, 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1933 

and a daughter of \\'illiam, and a granddaughter of Gardner W'ilhams, 
the latter having been the original saw mill owner and operator of 
Saginaw, and a pioneer whose career was closely identified with the early 
history of that city. Mr. and Mrs. Robertson have two children: 
Harriete ]\Iitchell Robertson and Anne Robertson. 

Henry A. Haigh. One of the leading personal factors in the held of 
electric railway development during recent years has been Henry A. 
Haigh of Detroit, who with his associates has built and operated many 
miles of railway in the state of ^lichigan, and in other localities of the 
Union. From 1878 until 1899, Mr. Haigh was one of the able members 
of the Detroit bar, and for many years his name was prominent in 
affairs of the Republican party in Michigan. Not only in the field of rail- 
way enterprise has Mr. Haigh contributed to the development of the 
country, but he is also a contributor to the literature of law, and at least 
two useful works bear his name. 

The Haigh family have been prominent in Alichigan for nearly sev- 
enty years. In the old "Haigh Homestead" at Dearborn, near Detroit, 
Henry Allyn Haigh was born March 13, 1854. His father was the late 
Richard Haigh, Sr., who was born at Wakefield, Yorkshire, England, 
May 4, 181 1, and in 1825, at the age of fourteen, came to America, and 
first found employment in a small shop in Xew York City, engaged in 
the refinishing of woolen cloth. In 1827 the elder Haigh was employed 
by John Barrows and Son, woolen cloth manufacturers of Xew York 
City, and later in the same line by Peter Schenk of Glenham, Xew York, 
and by Thomas \\'illiams & Son of Poughkeepsie, Xew York. In 1835 
he removed to Rochester, New York, and engaged with the firm of E. & 
H. Lyon. In 1837 he took charge of the buying and sorting of wools 
for the Waterloo Woolen ]\Iills, at Waterloo, New York. At the same 
place in 1842 he embarked in the manufacture of linseed oil, and built 
up a good industry and one that was profitable until the repeal of the 
tariff protecting that industry in 1846. His brother Henry was in the 
drug business at Detroit, and in 1852 Richard Haigh, Sr., moved to 
Detroit, and bought the property in the nearby village of Dearborn, which 
has ever since been known as the "Haigh Homestead." There he lived 
until his death, December 5, 1904. He developed his lands and became 
a successful farmer and stock raiser. His farm originally comprised three 
hundred acres. The original fann house has been improved and enlarged 
and is now the country home of Henry A. Haigh, the subject of this 
sketch. The late Richard Haigh was one of the organizers of Christ 
Church at Dearborn, serving as senior warden from its beginning in 1866 
until his death. Richard Haigh, Sr., married in 1836 ^liss Bessie Wil- 
liams, who died in 1842, and in 1844 he married Miss Lucy Billings Allyn 
of Waterloo, New York. 

Henry A. Haigh, who was a child of his father's second marriage, 
received his early education in the local public schools, and was sent east 
to Waterloo, Xew York, for a portion of his education. In 1874 he 
graduated as a Bachelor of Science from the Michigan Agricultural Col- 
lege. Entering the law department of the University of Michigan, he 
graduated LL. B. in 1878. In the meantime he had taken up the practical 
duties of life, and in 1874 and 1875 taught winter school in Wayne 
county. In -March, 1875, he was appointed clerk in the office of the state 
board of health at Lansing, and served until September. 1876. Soon after 
his graduation in law and admission to the bar in Detroit, he became 
associated with an old classmate, Hon. William L. Carpenter, who later 
became chief justice of the supreme court of Michigan. In 1899 he was 
taken into the law firm of the late Col. John Atkinson, the firm name 
becoming Atkinson, Carpenter, Brooke & Haigh. In the fall of 1893 



19.S4 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

Mr. Haigli became junior member in the firm of Atkinson & Haigh, that 
relationship being continued until 1896. For the past fifteen years Mr. 
Haigh has given little attention to his law practice, devoting his time and 
ability to electric railway construction, to banking and other interests. 

In 1884 Mr. Haigh published "Haigh's Manual of Law," a compila- 
tion of laws, applicable to farm life and rural districts. This work met 
with an extended sale and is still in use. 

During his earlier career Mr. Haigh was an influential figure in Michi- 
gan State politics. In 1887 he took an active part in the political organ- 
ization known as the National Republican League, and. in 1892-93 was the 
Michigan member of the executive committee. In 1888-93 he interested 
himself keenly in the afifairs of the ^lichigan Club, at that time the most 
prominent Republican organization of the state, of which he had been one 
of the founders, and of which he was the first secretary and later presi- 
dent. In 1892 Mr. Haigh was presidential elector from Michigan, and 
was the electoral messenger who carried the vote of Michigan to Wash- 
ington. In 1896 he was president of the McKinley Club and was the 
alternate delegate at large from Michigan to the national convention 
in St. Louis. Of the Michigan State Republican League, organized in 
1888, Mr. Haigh served as first secretary. Mr. Haigh's career as a 
promoter and builder of electric railways began in 1898, when he assisted 
Samuel F. Angus and James D. Hawks in securing rights for the Detroit, 
Ypsilanti, Ann Arbor and Jackson Railway. Later he and Mr. Angus 
promoted the Toledo, Fremont, and Norwalk Railway in Ohio. He was 
chosen treasurer and general ^ceunsel for the company formed to carry 
on the project. The successful •completion of the line was largely due 
to the organization of the Comstock-Haigh-Walker Company, of which 
Mr. Haigh later became president. The road, sixty-five miles in length, 
some years after being completed, was sold to the Everett System of 
Cleveland, and is now a part of the Lake Shore Electric Railway between 
Cleveland and Toledo. 

In 1902 the Comstock-Haigh-\\'aIker Company began the construction 
of the Rochester and Eastern Railway, an electric system connecting 
Rochester, Canandaigua and Geneva, New York. In 1905, after the line 
had been completed, it was sold to the New York Central Company. The 
company next ventured into the state of Wisconsin, where it constructed 
and still owns and opefates the Milwaukee Northern Railway, a system 
which connects and serves five of the most important and prosperous 
counties in Wisconsin. For fifty-eight miles the road runs between Mil- 
waukee and Sheboygan, and another division of forty-two miles, not yet 
completed, extends to F^ond du Lac. Mr. Haigh in 1905 became presi- 
dent of the Comstock-Haigh-Walker Company, following the death of 
William B. Comstock, and about the same time became secretary and 
treasurer of the Milwaukee Northern Railway Company, a position still 
held by him. In 1906 he became vice president and a director in the 
Detroit, Ypsilanti, Ann Arbor and Jackson Railway Company, continu- 
ing tho.se relations until the road was sold to the Detroit L^nited Railways. 
With the death of Andrew W. Comstock, in April, 1908, Mr. Haigh be- 
came president and director of the Cincinnati, Georgetown .-tnd Ports- 
mouth Railway and the Felicity and Bethel Railway, a combined steam 
and electric system, operating about seventy miles of line east of Cincin- 
nati. At the present time he is a director in the Alpena Power Company. 

Among other interests which have made Mr. Haigh prominent in 
financial and commercial afifairs, should be mentioned the following: He 
was one of the original subscribers to the stock of the Peninsular Savings 
Bank of Detroit, and now a director and member of its executive com- 
mittee; he is president of the Detroit Sanitarium; was one of the organ- 
izers of the Continental Casualty Company, now of Chicago, and the 



fUSJTCIURAlTi 








aJjL^ yTTVV-& 




HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1935 

second largest insurance company of its kind in the countr_v, having for 
some years been one of its directors and general counsel for Michigan. 

On January i6, 1895, Mr. Haigh married Miss Caroline Comstock, 
daughter of the late Andrew W. Comstock, a prominent lumberman, 
banker and vessel owner of Alpena, Michigan. They are the parents of 
two children : Andrew Comstock Haigh, a student in the University 
of ]\Iichigan, and Richard AUyn Haigh, a student at the Detroit Univer- 
sity school. The home of the family in Detroit is at 174 Seminole Avenue. 
From 1901 to 1906 Mr. Haigh served as a member of the Michigan State 
Board of Health, and also a member of the American Public Health 
Association. His club and social connections include membership in the 
Michigan Pioneer & Historical Society; the Detroit Board of Commerce; 
the Detroit Club; The University Club of Detroit; the Country Club of 
Grosse P'ointe, and the Long Lake Country Club. Mr. Haigh is a 
Mason and has his membership in Oriental Lodge. 

Charles H. Hackley. Even the most casual visitor is accustomed 
to associate the name Hackley with the city of Muskegon, since its 
most familiar and prominent institutions bear the name and to a large 
degree are the product of the splendid philanthropy of that eminent 
lumberman and financier. While it is true that the careers of many 
men enter into the foundation and superstructure of the city of Mus- 
kegon, it is not disparaging the work of any one to say that the late 
Charles H. Hackley was the foremost factor and influence in the develop- 
ment of this west Michigan industrial and civic center. During the 
early eighties Muskegon was the point of premier production in the 
lumber industry of the United States and no one man contributed more 
to that fame than Mr. Hackley. It is the history of many cities, depend- 
ent upon one natural resource such as lumber, mining, etc., that their 
glory departs with the exhaustion of the material which aflrorded them 
the opportunity to rise. It is the distinction of Muskegon that, with 
the decline of local lumbering, other interests were substituted, and it 
has since gained renown as a city of diversified industry, of splendid 
institutions and public enterprise, and in this latter field to even a greater 
degree than in the promotion of the lumber manufacturers were the 
business spirit and wealth of Mr. Hackley displayed for the permanent 
benefit and prosperity of Muskegon, and even among those who were 
closely associated with and aided him in this epoch of city building, his 
individual efforts are conceded to have accomplished the most substantial 
things in assuring Muskegon's present power and resources as a city. 

Aside from the great material benefit that accrued from his career, 
the life of the late Charles H. Hackley should prove an inspiration to 
all who read this brief biography. This noted lumberman and philanthro- 
pist was born at Michigan City, Indiana, January 3, 1837, and died at 
Muskegon, February 10. 1905. For more than half a century liis life had 
been one of striking activity and accomplishment. While his birth was 
unnoted except in his family and the immediate community, his death was 
mourned by an entire city and distinguished tributes were paid him from 
all over the state. His father, Joseph H. Hackley, was one of the early 
settlers at the south end of Lake Michigan, but when Charles was a child 
the family moved to old Southport, now the city of Kenosha, Wisconsin, 
where the boy received such education as could be obtained from public 
schools in that place and at that time. At the age of fifteen he left school 
and began to support himself. In 1856, a youth of about nineteen, he 
worked his passage on a schooner across Lake Michigar: from Kenosha 
to Muskegon, and at noon on the day of his arrival, April 17th, began 
work as a common laborer for Durkee, Truesdell & Company, lumber 



1936 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

manufacturers. The keen eagerness he showed in mastering the details 
of his work caused the tirm to send him out to the woods in the following 
fall as a log scaler, and in the next spring he was made outside foreman 
of the sawmill, in charge of lumber sorting. His employers recognized 
the possibilities of the future in this young man, and on their advice he 
returned to Kenosha in the fall of 1857 and spent the winter at a com- 
mercial college to train himself in the commercial as well as the technical 
side of lumbering. 

The spring of 1858 found him in 2\Iuskegon again as bookkeeper 
for Gideon Truesdell, successor to the former tirm of Durkee, Truesdell 
& Company. By 1859 he acquired suiificient experience to encourage him 
to enter business on his own account. In the meantime, in 1855, his 
father had moved to Muskegon, and in 1859 the firm of J. H. Hackley 
& Company was organized. They bought a sawmill, a year later added an- 
other and was soon among the successful lumbermen in that section of the 
state. The first members of the firm were J. H. Hackley, Charles H. 
Hackley and Gideon Truesdell, and subsequently two other sons of J. H. 
Hackley were associated with the concern, Edwin and Porter Hackley. 
In 1874 J. H. Hackley died, and some years later came the death of the 
sons Edwin and Porter. The firm of J. H. -Hackley & Company was 
succeeded by Hackley & Son, and that in turn by C. H. Hackley & Com- 
pany. 

From this independent enterprise the name of Charles H. Hackley 
in a few years was one of the most prominent among the lumbermen of 
western ^lichigan. In 1866 he and James AIcGordon, under the name 
Hackley & McGordon, purchased the "Wing" mill, and ran it until it 
was burned some years later. In 1881 Thomas Hume bought the Mc- 
Gordon interest in the firm of C. H. Hackley & Company and also in 
the firm of Hackley & McGordon on the death of AIcGordon. Thus 
was founded the firm of Hackley & Hume, one destined to attain a first 
place among America's lumber manufacturers. Hackley & Hume con- 
tinued operations on the Aluskegon river until 1894, when their tracts 
of timber in that section became exhausted. The members of the firm 
had long foreseen the extinction of the lumber forests in western Mich- 
igan, and as early as 1886 had beg^m buying timber in other states. Their 
early purchases were largely in Wisconsin, Minnesota and Louisiana, 
and later they acquired large tracts of timber land in Mississippi, South 
Carolina, Florida and British Columbia. Thus Mr. Hackley continued 
a large factor in lumber milling after the IMuskegon mills had been^ shut 
down and removed. 

In 1892 ^Ir. Hackley and ]\Ir. Hume bought the interest of S. B. 
Barker in the Itasca Lumber Company of ^linneapolis, which com])anv 
in 1903 ac(|uired the property and business of H. C. Akeley Lumlier 
Company, a concern tliat had been organized in 1889 b_\- Ilacklev and 
Hume and H. C. Akeley and Freeman S. Farr of Alinneapolis. Mr. 
Hackley was one of the heaviest stockholders in the Itasca Lumber 
Company. It would take considerable space to simply enumerate the vari- 
ous interests of the late Mr. Hackley in the lumber and manufacturing 
fields, and it must suffice to say that he was the mainstay of a number of 
Muskegon's industrial concerns. He was a memljer of the Gardner & 
Lacey Lumber Company of Georgetown, South Carolina, of the J. S. 
Bennett Lumber Comi)any of Sandusky. Ohio, and of the Hackley & 
Hume Company, Limited. 

Turning from his achievements in the commercial and industrial 
field, it will be especially appropriate to speak of the many benefactions 
by which Mr. Hackley endeared himself to the people of Muskegon for 
all time. It was in that city that he rose from the ranks of labor to his 



HISTORY OF .MICHIGAN 1937 

eminent position as a capitalist and organizer, and tliere his generosity 
and philanthropy have left their most conspicuous monument. His 
contributions to the useful institutions and civic adornment of his home 
city include one of the most beautiful soldiers and sailors monuments to 
be found anywhere in the United States ; a public square embellished 
with the best work of America's sculptors and landscape gardeners ; a 
public library with a capacity of one hundred thousand volumes ; a manual 
training school which is the only one of its kind in the state; statues of 
Lincoln, Grant, Sherman, Farragut, Kearney and McKinley, the last 
having been the first statue of the martyred president to be erected in 
the United States : and also a modern hospital. While it would be im- 
possible to measure the value of these benefactions to Muskegon and her 
people by their original thought, it is not inappropriate to append the 
following summar)' of Mr. Hackley's various gifts made during his 
lifetime. Individually enumerated they were: Hackley Public Library 
(i88S) $155,000, and endowment (1891) $75,000; Hackley Manual 
Training School and Gymnasium (1895-1900) $200,000, endowment 
( ic)02) $400,000, and additional funds for the maintenance of the school 
from its opening in 1896, $50,000; Hackley Park and endowment ( 1890) 
$60.000 ; Soldiers and Sailors Monument ( 1889 ) $27.000 ; statues of 
Lincoln, Grant, Sherman and Farragut (1898) $26,000;, statue of Phil 
Kearney ( igot ) $5,000; statue of William McKinley (1902) $15,000; 
Home of the Friendless, endowment (1902) $25,000; Hackley Hospital 
and endowment (1902) $340,000; Athletic Field for High School (1902) 
$5,000; First Congregational Church, debt, $6,525. This makes a grand 
total of $1,389,525. 

At his death Mr. Hackley left an estate estimated at $9,000,000, and 
his will contained additional specific beciuests aggregating $775,000; these 
include additional endowment for the Hackley Manual Training School 
amounting to $210,000; additional endowment for the Hackley Hospital, 
$200,000; additional endowment for the Hackley Public Library, $200,- 
000; fund for the purchase of pictures of the Hackley Library, $150,000; 
and a bequest to the Muskegon Humane Union, $15,000. These sums 
designated in the will increased the total of Mr. Hackley's direct gifts 
to the people of Muskegon to the splendid sum of $2,164,525. At the 
death of Mrs. Hackley a sum aggregating $2,000,000 became a trust fund, 
income to be applied perpetually to the maintenance and enlargement of 
the Hackley Public Library, the Hackley Manual Training School and 
to other charitable purposes. Thus, speaking in terms of figures and 
material means and without attempting to estimate the broad and lienefi- 
cent results that have already issued from the career of Mr. Hackley and 
will continue a forceful stream of benevolence for all time, the total sum 
that has so far been placed at the disposal of Muskegon's institutions is 
more than four milllions of dollars. Many thousands of people who 
never knew Mr. Hackley in his lifetime, have proved their gratitude to 
him by use and enjoyment of his benevolences, and the influence of his 
career is beyond all human computation. 

The late iMr. Hackley was married in 1864 to Julia E. IMoore of 
Centreville, New York. They had no children of their own. but adopted 
and reared two in their home. It was through his business that Air. 
Hackley best served the public, yet at the same time he was not without 
a share in the public distinction which naturally comes to a man of his 
standing, though he was always averse to oflicial preferment and accepted 
ofifice only from a sense of obligation to party or community. He was an 
active Republican, and in T874 served as treasurer of Muskeeon county, 
and in the city of Muskegon was an aldennan and a member of the 
board of public works, and also for many years on the board of educa- 



1938 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

tion, having been its president from 1892 until his death in 1905. He 
was a delegate to the Republican National Convention at Minneapolis 
in 1892, and to that in St. Louis in 1896. In 1894 Mr. Hackley was 
elected a member of the board of regents of the University of Michigan, 
but on account of his ill health resigned on the day his term of office 
began. 

Thomas Hume. A Michigan lumberman whose name is one of the 
best known in that industry in the state, Thomas Hume was an Irish boy 
who sought his opportunities in America, finding work in the lumber 
woods of western Michigan, and in a few years rose through the succes- 
sive grades of service and became an independent operator. 

Thomas Hume was born in County Down, Ireland, June 15, 1848. 
His parents were William and Mary Ann (Bailie) Hume, farming people 
who reared a family of eight children, four of whom were sons. Thomas 
Hume was the oldest son and the second child. As a boy he attended 
the Royal Belfast Academical Institution of Belfast, and at the age of 
fourteen was apprenticed to the wholesale and retail firm of John Steven- 
son, dealers in hardware and groceries at Dungannon. This apprentice- 
ship was for a term of six years, and no salary was attached to it except 
his keep. At the end of two years he was put in the office of cashier, 
and later became buyer and stock keeper. When his apprenticeship was 
finished he continued with the finn until his emigration to America, his 
salary ranging from $125 to $300 a year, besides board and lodging. 
Some young men might have been satisfied with the prospects ahead 
of him, but Mr. Hume could not see it that way. In May, 1870, 
he took passage for America, and was landed at Quebec on the 
seventeenth day of the same month. Some relatives lived in Marshall, 
Michigan, and he made his way to that city. Their advice and in- 
formation that men were needed at Muskegon brought him to the 
city which has ever since been his home and business headquarters. 
His first work was as a tallyman for George R. Selkirk. In the 
fall of the same year he went into the woods, and scaled logs for O. P. 
Pillsbury and Company. The next summer was spent with the firm of 
Montague and Hamilton, lumber inspectors of Muskegon, and his work 
was that of inspector. In the fall of 1872, he entered the firm of Hackley 
and IMcGordon as bookkeeper. At that time it may be said that his real 
upward progress began. His services were with Hackley & McGordon 
for nearly nine years, until June 1881. At that time he and C. H. Hack- 
ley purchased the interest of Mr. McGordon in the two fimis of Hackley 
& McGordon and C. H. Hackley & Company. The firm of Hackley & 
Hume then succeeded the first named firm and on the death of Porter 
Plackley of C. H. Hackley & Company, the business of both houses 
was consolidated under the name of Hackley & Hume. That firm name 
for twenty-five years or more has had a reputation second to none in 
the country, and is still in existence, though the business is now being 
closed up. Their interests at one time embraced the ownership of three 
hundred thousand acres of southern timber land, located in the states 
of Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Carolina, in addition 
to the large manufacturing plant at Muskegon. They are also large 
stock holders in the Itasca Lumber Company of Minneapolis. In this 
company and among many others, Mr. Hume has held various offices. 
At the present time he is president of the Itasca Lumber Company, is 
president of the Amazon Knitting Company, president of the Chase- 
Hackley Piano Company, treasurer of the Standard Malleable Iron Com- 
pany, president of the Alaska Refrigerator Company, president of the 
Sargent ^Manufacturing Company, vice president of the Shaw Electric 




/<• 



.. M^ 



hi 



y\)jjilCL\>>' 



iWh?^^ 






HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1939 

Crane Company, vice president of the National Lumbermen's Bank and 
president of the Hackley National Bank of Muskegon. Mr. Charles H. 
Hackley, his partner, died February lo, 1905, and Mr. Hume is one of 
the e.xecutors of the Hackley estate, and is still engaged in winding up 
the business of the firm of Hackley & Hume. At this writing Mr. Hume 
is also president of the Hume-Bennett Lumber Company, whose opera- 
tions are carried on in the state of California, where they have large 
tracts of timber in Fresno county. His sons, Thomas H. and George A., 
are both associated with him in business under the firm name of Thomas 
Hume & Company. His son George A. Hume and George Hefferan of 
Grand Rapids are also associated with Thomas Hume under the name, 
Hume, Hefferan & Company, and under this title are transacting a big 
business in timber lands in different parts of the United States. 

Mr. Hume married at Marshall, Michigan, June 22, 1873, Miss 
Margaret A. Banks, a daughter of Major Banks of that city. To their 
union have been born seven children, namely: Margaret B.; Helen M. ; 
Annie E., deceased ; George Alexander ; Florence V. ; Constance ; and 
Thomas Hackley. Mr. Hume is a vestryman in St. Paul's Episcopal 
church at Muskegon, and in politics is a Republican. 

Albert R. Schneider. The building trades have developed many 
special departments of labor, and some of the business organizations 
representing the highest trained efficiency, equipment and working staff 
and capital have been built up to supply a service for each one of these 
departments. The Schneider Bros, of Detroit, of which Albert R. 
Schneider is the head, specialize in plastering and all kinds of interior and 
exterior decorating work, and as contractors in this line are one of the 
largest firms in the state and have almost unlimited experience, resources 
and labor to perform any contract of any magnitu'de of this kind. 

Albert R. Schneider is a native of Detroit, born February 28, 1877. 
His parents are Charles G. and Mary L. (Holsworth) Schneider. His 
father a native of 2ilichigan and his mother in Ohio. The business of his 
father has always been in the handling and expert management of the 
horses for various large firms, and for some time the family lived in the 
lumber regions of [Michigan, where he had charge of all the horses used 
by the lumber company in its various departments. Both parents are still 
living at Detroit. 

Albert R. Schneider after leaving Detroit public schools began an 
apprenticeship at the plasterer's trade, and altogether spent eleven years as 
apprentice, journeyman and occasionally an independent worker in differ- 
ent cities of the country. In 1905 Mr. Schneider began contracting under 
his own name at Detroit, and a few years later became junior member of 
the contracting firm of .\ustin & Schneider. Two years later ^Ir. Austin 
left the firm, and for the following year Mr. Schneider continued the 
business again under his own name, and then established Schneider Bros, 
by admitting his younger brother. C. W. Schneider. 

Schneider Bros, take all kinds of contracts for interior and exterior, 
plain and ornamental plastering, and some of the large contracts executed 
since Mr. Schneider began an independent business are the following: 
Elliott, Taylor & Wolfenden Company's department store on Woodward 
avenue ; the Owen building at Gratiot and Brush ; the Telegraph building 
at Congress and Shelby : the Dodge Bros, plant, and many other contracts 
worth thousands of dollars in and about Detroit. 

Mr. A. R. Schneider is a member and for 1914 on the board of 
directors of the Detroit Builders and Traders Exchange, belongs to the 
National Union, is a member of the Master Plasterers Association, of 
which he is treasurer and a delegate from that association, and a member 



1940 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

of the executive board of the Builders and Traders Exchange. He has 
been one of the leading men in the Detroit Exchange for several years. 
His church is the Presbyterian. 

At one time ^Ir. Schneider was a member of the old Scott Guards, 
and at the same time was captain of an independent military company. 
He was in a volunteer regiment about the beginning of the Spanish- 
American war and then became a regular as member of Company B of 
the Nineteenth Regiment of United States Infantry, enlisting at Fort 
Wayne at the beginning of the war. He saw service on the islands of 
Cuba and Porto Rico, and after his discharge resumed business activities 
in Detroit. Mr. Schneider married Mabel Irene Corston of Detroit, 
daughter of the late Charles Corston, a painter and decorator. Their 
children are : Gloria and Truman Hendrie Schneider. 

G. G. Goodrich. One of the oldest and best known business men of 
St. Charles, where he has been identitied with the jewelry trade for 
nearly forty years and has held all the important local positions of trust 
and responsibilities, Mr. Goodrich is a successful example of the self- 
made man. When he was twelve years old he was thrown on his own 
resources and was employed at any honest labor that he could find until 
he could get his real start in life. 

His birth occurred in New York City, October i6, 1847, and he is 
the only survivor and the youngest of a family of eight children whose par- 
ents were E. A. and Aiigeline (Lloyd) Goodrich. The father, also a 
native of New York, was descended from a family that came from Wales, 
and one of his ancestors fought on the American side in the Revolutionary 
war. The father .became an expert cabinet maker and furniture manu- 
facturer, and from New York City moved to Washington county, New 
York, where he died in 1856 at the age of sixty-seven years. The mother, 
also of English descent, was born in New York State, and died in New 
York City in 1847, soon after the birth of her last child, the St. Charles 
business man. The latter was able to attend school in New York City 
only until he was about twelve years of age and then went to work in a 
store. At the age of sixteen he began learning the jeweler's trade, and 
his apprenticeship was interrupted by his service as a Union soldier. He 
went out in 1864 with the Twelfth New Jersey Infantry, in Company D 
and was a fighter in the ranks for fourteen months. After his honorable 
discharge he returned home and finished his apprenticeship at the jew- 
eler's and watchmaker's trade. In 1875 ^^r. Goodrich located at St. 
Charles, Michigan, where he established himself in business and his jew- 
elry store is the oldest and most popular establishment of its kind in that 
village. During his residence there his fellow citizens have honored him 
with many positions in the \illage, and he has served as president, clerk, 
supervisor and many other positions. Mr. Goodrich is a Mason and a 
I\Iaccabee, and in religion worships with the Episcopal faith. 

At Bay City, Alichigan, on June 30, 1875, occurred his marriage with 
Miss Dora Bla'ckman. She died at St. Charles in 1901. Her father was 
Horace Blackman. To the marriage were born three children as follows : 
!Mrs. Lizzie Rowley, who was born at St. Charles, and is the mother of 
two children, Florence and William. Fred E. Goodrich, born at St. 
Charles, and now in partnership with his father, has one child, John B. 
Mrs. Angle McEwen, born at St. Charles, where she still lives, has one 
child, Ellen ^McEwen. 

Ch.vrles Cl.vrk HorKiNS. Flaving the distinction of being the first 
and only clerk as now constituted of the Supreme Court of Michigan, 
Charles Clark Hopkins has also the remarkable record of having served 
in this capacity for a period of more than thirty-two years, and there is, 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1911 

probably, no better known figure in legal circles of the state today. Edu- 
cated for the legal profession, he served in several offices until his appoint- 
ment to his present position in 1882, and since that time has devoted him- 
self to the duties of his office, his record being one that in years to come 
will be found hard to equal. 

Air. Hopkins was born on his father's farm in White Lake town- 
ship, Oakland county, Michigan, April 4, 1849, ^^d is a son of the late 
Erastus and Climene (Clark) Hopkins, early Michigan pioneers. Mr. 
Hopkins' ancestors came from Coventry, England, where the family was 
prominent, one member, William Hopkins, Jr., having been mayor of 
Coventry in 1564, while his brothers, Richard and Nicholas, were sher- 
iffis of the same town in 1554 and 1 56 1, respectively. Richard had two 
sons: Sampson, his heir, and \\'illiam, proprietor of the lordship of 
Shortley. Sampson, who was mayor in 1609, had three sons: Sir Rich- 
ard, Sir William and Sampson, the last-named of whom was mayor o£ 
Coventry in 1640. The eldest of these three sons became eminent at the 
bar, attained the rank of Sergeant at Law, was steward of Coventry, and 
represented the city in the Parliament at the Restoration. Their estates, 
by inter-marriage, passed to General Northey in 1799. and he assumed 
the surname of Hopkins and arms of the family upon inheriting the estates 
of his maternal ancestor, and was known as Northey Hopkins, of Oving 
House. 

The early Hopkinses were among the earliest settlers in Connecticut 
colony. One of this family, John Hopkins, progenitor of the line of 
Charles Clark Hopkins, came to America in 1634 and settled iirst at 
Cambridge. From that point he removed to the new colony of Hart- 
ford and the colonial records tell of John Hopkins being the original 
owner of lands then settled. The line of descent from John Hopkins to 
Erastus, father of Charles Clark Hopkins, is as follows: John Hop- 
kins, who was made a freeman of Cambridge, March 4., 1635, removed to 
Hartford the same year and died in 1654, leaving a widow and two chil- 
dren, one of whom, Stephen, born in 1634, married Dorcas, a daughter of 
John Bronson. He died in October, 1689, leaving six children. His 
eldest son, John, had eight children, one of whom, Samuel, .was a graduate 
of Yale in 1718, and for some time a minister of West Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts. Another son, Timothy, was the father of Samuel Hopkins, the 
celebrated divine who founded the Hopkinsian School of Theology and 
was the author of several well-known works and a prominent character 
in ?^Irs. Stowe's "Minister's Wooing." President Alark Hopkins, of Wil- 
liams College, was of the same family. Another son was Consider, who 
died in 177V1, leaving a family of five children. One of the sons, Con- 
sider, Jr., was born at West Hartford, in June, 1723, served in the Con- 
tinental armv, and died in Saratoga county. New York, in 1795. He was 
the father of Mark Hopkins, the grandfather of Charles Clark Hopkins. 
Three uncles of Mark Hopkins were in the Continental army. One was 
captured liy the British and was starved to death on the Jersey Prison 
Ship, in New York harbor, and another was killed by Tory "Cow Boys" 
while home on furlough. 

Erastus Hopkins, the father of Charles Clark Hopkins, was born at 
Paris, Oneida county, New York, August 16, 1804, and came from Steu- 
ben county. New York, to iVIichigan in 1833, located land in Oakland 
county, and in 1834 brought his family out, making the entire journey 
in an' immigrant wagon. He cleared a farm in the wilderness and lived 
to see the entire countrv around settled, remaining upon the farm until 
his death in 1876. His first wife was Lydia Parker, whom he married in 
Oneida county. New York, and who lived only a year and one-half after 
the family came to Michigan. There were five sons born to this marriage, 
two of whom died in infancy and the remaining three were William \\'., 



1942 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

Ralph \\'., and Dan G. \\ illiam \V., and Dan G., served in the Civil war, 
the last-named being mortally wounded at the battle of South Mountain, 
Maryland. The second marriage of Erastus Hopkins was to Climene 
Clark, who died in 1864, leaving three children, George H., Lydia C. and 
Charles Clark. 

Charles Clark Hopkins was reared on the home farm and attended the 
district schools during his youth. In 1867 he entered the State Normal 
school, spending a portion of his time on the farm and a part in teach- 
ing, and graduated in the class of 1872, at once becoming principal of the 
Rockland (Michigan) Union School, where he remained two years. The 
summer vacation of 1873 was spent in surveying a section of the United 
States militarv road from Fort Howard, Green Bay, to Fort W'ilkins, 
Copper Harbor. In the fall of 1874 Air. Hopkins entered the law depart- 
ment of the University of [Michigan, from which he was graduated in 1876, 
and during the legislative session of 1875 was clerk of the house judiciary 
committee, and in 1877 clerk of the senate judiciary committee. In 1879 
and again in 1881 he was assistant secretary of the senate. In the mean- 
time, in 1876, Mr. Hopkins had been admitted to the bar, and was en- 
gaged in the practice of his calling at Detroit until January, 1882, when, 
the Supreme Court having been empowered by the adoption of a con- 
stitutional amendment to appoint its own clerk, Mr. Hopkins was ap- 
pointed to the position, which he has continued to fill to the present time, 
as before stated. 

In 1880 Mr. Hopkins married Clara J. Potter, who was born at En- 
field, jMassachusetts, daughter of Nathan D. and Mary (Clark) Potter. 
Mrs. Hopkins was graduated from Abbott Academy, Andover, Massa- 
chusetts, class of 1878. To Mr. and Airs. Hopkins the following children 
have been born: Edward Potter, born September 21, 1881, graduated 
from the University of Michigan, class of 1903, with Bachelor of Arts 
degree, now holding the position of state bank examiner of Alichigan. 
with residence at Charlotte; George Hayes, born September 11, 1884, 
graduated from the University of Alichigan, class of 1907, with Bachelor 
of Sciences degree, taking special work in marine engineering: Charles 
C, Jr. who died aged one and one-half years : and Carroll Lyman, born 
December 23, 1892, graduated from Amherst College in 1913. with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts. Air. Hopkins is a member of the Phi Delta 
Phj. the Society of the Sons of the American Revolution and of the 
University Club, of Detroit. 

Fred. H. Pr.\tt. The legal profession in Grand Traverse county has 
as one of its representative members Fred. Howard Pratt, who is en- 
gaged in successful practice at Traverse City, the judicial center and 
fair metropolis of the county, and whose ability and personal popularity 
is attested by the fact that he served ten consecutive years as prosecuting 
attorney of the county, a record that has had no parallel in the history 
of the county. Further interest attaches to his career by reason of his 
being a scion, in the third generation, of a family that was founded in 
Alichigan three vears prior to its admission to statehood, and the name 
has thus been worthily linked with the annals of this commonwealth since 
the territorial davs. In addition to controlling a substantial professional 
Inisiness Air. Pratt has wielded much influence in progressive enterprise 
as a dealer in real estate, and he has also an excellent business as an in- 
surance underwriter. 

Air. Pratt was born on the old homestead farm of his father, in E|eer- 
field township. Livingston countv. Alichigan. and the date of his nativity 
was Alav 18, 1868. He is a son of James Allen Pratt and Elizabeth ( AIc- 
Kane) Pratt, the former of whom was born in Livingston county, this 
State, on the isth of September, 1841, and the latter of whom was born 



HISTORY OF AIICHIGAN 1943 

in Ireland, on the i8th of February, 1843. The paternal grandparents, 
James and Clarissa (Thompson) Pratt, came from the State of New 
York to Michigan in 1834, and first settled on a tract of wild land in 
Washtenaw county. After perfecting his title to this property James 
Pratt sold the same and in 1837, the year that marked the admission of 
Michigan as one of the sovereign States of the Union, he entered claim 
to a large tract of land in Livingston county, where he reclaimed from 
the virgin forest a productive farm and where both he and his wife passed 
the residue of their lives, honored as sterling pioneers of the State. The 
subject of this review was born on the old homestead farm of his grand- 
father, and the place is endeared to him by many hallowed memories and 
associations. James A. Pratt was reared to manhood in Livingston county, 
under the conditions and influences of the pioneer days, and there his early 
educational privileges were those afforded in the somewhat primitive 
schools of the period. In his natixe county he was actively identified 
with the great basic industry of agriculture during the entire course of his 
active career, and on his farm he also conducted for many years a pop- 
ular wayside tavern, the locality Ijeing known as Pratt's Corners. He 
became one of the substantial farmers and influential citizens of Living- 
ston county, was a staunch adherent and active supporter of the Repub- 
lican party and was called upon to serve in various township offices. He 
passed the closing years of his life in the village of Fenton, Livingston 
county, where he died on the 9th of June, 1907, and where his memory is 
held in lasting honor by all who knew him. His widow now resides with 
her only daughter, in the city of Los Angeles, California, but, though 
venerable in years, she comes each summer to Michigan, to pass the sea- 
son with her two sons and to renew the tender associations of past years, 
for she likewise is a representative of one of the early pioneer fam- 
ilies of this State. Of the three children the eldest is Edwin, who is suc- 
cessfully engaged in the general merchandise business at East Cohoctah, 
Livingston county ; Fred. H. was the second in order of birth ; and Clara- 
bell is the wife of John Adams, of Los Angeles. California. 

Fred. H. Pratt acquired his preliminary educational discipline in the 
public schools of the village of Fenton, and in preparing for the work of 
his chosen profession he located in Traverse City, where he began the 
study of law in the office and under the preceptorship of the well known 
and prominent firm of Pratt & Davis, his uncle, the late Edwin S. Pratt 
having been the senior member of the firm and Harry C. Davis the 
junior member. Under these conditions Mr. Pratt continued his tech- 
nical reading until he entered the law department of the University of 
Michigan, in which he was graduated as a member of the class of 1895 
and from which he received his degree of Bachelor of Laws. He was 
forthwith admitted to the bar of his native State and he initiated the prac- 
tice of his profession as junior member of the firm of Pratt &- Davis, in 
Traverse City, his honored preceptors continuing their alliance with him 
until the death of his uncle, the senior member of the firm, in June, 191 1, 
since which time he has conducted an individual practice of representative 
order. Mr. Pratt has appeared in connection with much important litiga- 
tion in Grand Traverse county, both in private practice and while repre- 
senting the county as its prosecuting attorney. .\s previously stated, he 
conducts also a profitable real-estate and insurance business, and his real- 
estate dealings are largely confined to the handling of his own properties. 
He is the owner of several farms in Grand Traverse county, as well as 
valuable business and residence property in Traverse City, where his own 
residence is one of the attractive homes of the city. 

Mr. Pratt is a member of the Grand Traverse County Bar Associa- 
tion and in politics he has given veoman service in behalf of the cause of 
the Republican party. He served two temis as circuit-court commissioner 



1944 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

of his county and live successive terms as prosecuting attorney, tliis de- 
cade of consecutive incumbency of this important office having, as already 
intimated, broken all records in connection with the history of the posi- 
tion in the county, both before and since his retirement, after having 
made a record that indicated fully his fine professional ability and that 
proved of great benefit to the county. Mr. Pratt is a Knight Templar 
-Mason and is affiliated also with the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, the Knights of Pythias, the Knights of the Modern Maccabees and 
the Independent Order of Foresters. His chief diversion is in the driving 
of standard-bred horses, and h€ is the owner of several fine specimens at 
the present time, the while he finds special pleasure in attending the well 
ordered racing events in his home county and other parts of the State. 

At Fenton, Livingston county, on the 27th of June, 1900, was solem- 
nized the marriage of ]\Ir. Pratt to Miss Rose U. Leonard, a schoolmate 
and friend of his youth. She was born and reared at Fenton and is a 
woman of culture' and most gracious personality — a popular factor in 
the leading social activities of Traverse City, where she is a popular mem- 
ber of the Library Club and the Woman's Club. Mr. and Mrs. Pratt 
have one son, Leonard Allen, who was born on the 23rd of January, 
igo2. 

P.\UL L. GuGEL. Every communitv has its men of leadership, those 
who have won the honors and responsibilities which go with success. In 
tlie thriving village of Frankenmuth two such men are the Gugel brothers, 
George Frederick and Paul L., dealers in general merchandise, dry goods, 
clothing, boots and shoes, furniture, hardware, a meat market, and other 
lines. Their joint business, established in 1888, has completed its quar- 
ter century of prosperous existence, is the largest concern of its kind in 
Frankenmuth and vicinity, and is distinctly creditable to the abihty and 
enterprise that created it. 

Paul L. Gugel was born in Frankenmuth township of Saginaw county, 
December 7. 1861. a son of John M., Sr.. and P.arbara (Kernthal ) Gugel. 
The father was born in Rossthal, Germany, and the mother in the same 
place. The father during the latter forties settled in Frankenmuth town- 
ship of Saginaw county, where his marriage occurred. A farmer by oc- 
cupation, he started out as clerk in the store of John G. Hubinger, and 
remained for twelve years, investing his earnings in the rich lands of 
Frankenmuth township, and for a number of years combining the voca- 
tions of clerk and farming. He was a Democrat, very prominent in his 
locality, served thirteen years as supervisor, many years as school director, 
and al'wavs bore more than his full share of the responsibilities and obli- 
gations of community life. His death occurred in 1891 at the age of sixty- 
two years. Fle was three times married, had eight children by the first 
wife.' two by the second, and four step-children by the third. 

Paul L. Gugel, who was the fourth among the children, was educated 
in the parochial schools of Frankenmuth township, leaving school when 
fourteen vears of age, and from that time until reaching his majority, 
faithfully' assisted his father on the home farm. His career as a mer- 
chant may be said to have begun in his twenty-second year, when he 
accepted a clerkship in the store of Hubinger Brothers at Frankenmuth. 
His experience with that firm enabled him in 1888 to start for himself. 
In that year was formed the partnership with his older brother Fred, 
and in a modest way they began dealing in a general stock of merchandise. 
Both t)rothers had a large circle of acquaintances, and by their previous 
record had acquired the confidence and esteem of the community, so 
that almost from the start they prospered, discounted their bills regularly, 
and inside of ten years they had a store second to none of its kind outside 
of the city of Saginaw. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1945 

The pleasant partnership relations of the brothers are not confined 
to the store, and both, believing in the future growth and increasing 
values of the country, have become joint owners of a splendid tract of 
sixty acres of fine woodland in Saginaw county at Birch Run. They are 
also jointly interested in the larger flouring- mills of the township, the 
Star of the West Mills, of one hundred and twenty-five barrels capacity. 
Paul L. is treasurer and director of this milling company, also a director 
in the State Bank of Frankenmuth, for a good many vears treasurer of 
School District No. i, village of Frankenmuth, and for many years treas- 
urer of the Frankenmuth Cheese Manufacturing Company. The Gugel 
Brothers' store gives steady employment to eight clerks and assistants. 

Mr. Gugel and family are active members of the St. Lorenz German 
Lutheran church. In October, 1887, occurred his marriage with Miss 
Anna Barbara Jordan, who was born in Frankenmuth, a daughter of 
Frederick Jordan, now deceased, but who was a pioneer settler, and for 
many years one of the leading farmer citizens of Frankenmuth township: 
To their marriage have been born six children: Walter Gugel. now 
twenty-five years of age, is a clerk in the employ of his father and uncle ; 
Ernest Gugel, aged twenty-three, is a teacher at Harbor Beach : Louise, 
aged twenty-two ; Alma, aged twenty-one : Martha, aged seventeen ; 
Lorenz, aged fourteen. All the children were reared in a cultured home 
and received the benefit of excellent schooling in this community. 

Geo. F. Gugel. The older of the Gugel brothers, Geo. F. practically 
grew up at Frankenmuth, and at the age of twenty years he learned the 
carpenter trade. He is a business man from the ground up, and his ex- 
perience and ability have been an important factor in the success of the 
general merchandise house of the brothers. 

Geo. F. Gugel was bom in Frankenmuth, September 2"], 1859, and 
the principal fact concerning his family and its pioneer relations with the 
Saginaw Valley are given in the preceding sketch of his brother, Paul L. 
Educated in the schools of Frankenmuth, Geo. F. Gugel remained at 
home and assisted his father on the farm until he was twenty years of 
age. His first training was for the trade of carpenter, and that was pur- 
sued during the summer months, while during the winter, he found ready 
employment at the door and sash factory of the Neuchterline Brothers 
at Frankenmuth. He thus was well fortified in his early preparation, 
mastered the carpenter's trade, had all the work he could attend to in 
that line, and at the same time was getting a close and proficient knowl- 
edge of merchandising. Thus in 1888 he was ready to join his brotb.er, 
Paul, and take into the firm more than his share of the capital, since he 
thoroughly understood trade conditions in this vicinity, and was prac- 
tically assured of a large patronage among his former customers and 
friends. For the past twenty-five years the brothers have worked side 
by side, and are now regarded as the leading business men, in this 
locality. 

Geo. F. Gugel and family are members of the Lutheran church at 
Frankenmuth. He was married in 1885 to Miss Johanna Jordan, who 
is a sister of Mrs. Paul L. Gugel. They are the parents of four chil- 
dren : Otto Gugel, who clerks in the Gugel Brothers' store ; Johanna ; 
Ludwig, bookkeeper in the Bank of Saginaw : and Rudolf Gugel. a 
student in the Bliss-Alger College of Saginaw. These children have 
been well educated, and have already taken or arc preparing to take 
creditable positions in the world. 

George H.-\rgre.\ves, Jr. Prominent among the manufacturers of 
Detroit is found George Hargreaves, Jr., who is closely identified with 



1946 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

the industrial interests of Michigan as superintendent of the Detroit plant 
of the Railway Steel Spring Company. Mr. Hargreaves is a native of 
England, having been born in Staffordshire, Alarch 12, 1852, a son of the 
late Thomas and Dinah (Lawton) Hargreaves, well-known citizens of 
Detroit for a number of years, and both now deceased. 

The parents of Mr. Hargreaves were born in England, and the family 
came to the United States in 1872, locating immediately in Detroit, where 
the father purchased a home on the corner of Lafayette avenue and Fif- 
teenth street. He was an iron and steel worker by trade and worked at 
that vocation in Detroit until 1876, then moving to Cincinnati, Ohio, to 
which city the son, George, had previously gone. In 1884 the parents went 
to San Jose, California, where they spent about six years, then returning 
to Detroit. During the last fifteen years of his active life, Thomas Har- 
greaves was superintendent of iron and steel plants and for seven years 
was superintendent of the Swift Rolling Alills Company, at Newport, Ken- 
tucky. He was earnestly and activelv interested in church work as an of- 
ficial member of the Preston ■Methodist Church of Detroit, was for 
many years leader of the Young People's Christian Endeavor Society, 
connected with that church, and a memorial window to his memory in 
that direction was placed in the church by that society. Mr. Hargreaves 
died at Detroit in 1901, Mrs. Hargreaves preceding him by one and one- 
half years. 

George Hargreaves, Jr., received his education in the commercial 
school at Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, and then served an apprentice- 
ship at the iron and steel plant at that place. He came with his par- 
ents to the United States in 1872, and in Detroit became identified with 
the firm of George Hargreaves & Brother, large picture frame manufac- 
turers. In 1873 he went to Cincinnati, Ohio, where during the next thir- 
teen years he was connected with the Globe Rolling Mills Company, but 
in 1886 returned to Detroit to become roll designer and consulting en- 
gineer of the Detroit Steel and Spring Company, the Eureka Iron and 
Steel Company, the Baugh Steam Forge Company and the Toledo (Ohio) 
Rolling Mill Company, all of which positions he held simultaneously 
until 1890. In that year he became superintendent of the rolling mill de- 
partment of the Detroit Steel and Spring Company, and held the same 
position until the company was merged with the Railway Spring Company 
in 1902, since which year he has been superintendent of the Detroit plant 
of that corporation. He is also a director of the Lewis Spring and Axle 
Companv^ of Jackson, Michigan. 

Mr. Hargreaves has followed music semi-professionally and as a 
recreation, having held positions in various churches as church organist 
at Cincinnati, Ohio, and Detroit, and was also identified with the May 
Festival Association of Cincinnati, Ohio, for nine years. He was or- 
ganist of the I\Iichigan Sovereign consistory of Detroit for nine years. 
Like his father he has been interested in church work, being' a member 
of the Episcopal faith. He is well known in Masonic circles, having 
attained to the thirty-second degree, Scottish Rite, and also holds mem- 
bership in the Detroit Board of Commerce, the Motor Boat Club and the 
Fellowcraft Club. In 1874 he was married to Miss Mary E. Bryan, of 
Cincinnati, Ohio, and they have the following children: Charles H., 
Fannie L. and Rachel, who married S. D. Campbell. 

H.\RVEY Tones Campbell. Among the men of Benton Harbor who 
have attained prominence because of their activities in the business and 
official life of the city, Harvey Jones Campbell is deserving of more than 
ordinary mention, for he has been identified with the business interests 
of this place since the year 1900, and is serving in the capacity of post- 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1947 

master at the present time. Mr. Campbell's desire to be always doing 
something for the city of his adoption has made him very favorably con- 
sidered by the people of this thriving Michigan community, and at all 
times he has given to his official duties the same conscientious attention 
which characterized his business career and brought him success therein. 

Mr. Campbell is a native of Missouri, born at Rock House Prairie, 
near the city of St. Joseph, December i8, 1S54, and is a son of the late 
Charles W. and Sarah (Jones) Campbell, the former a native of N'irginia 
and the latter of Missouri. The grandfather of Mr. Campbell, Thomas 
Boyle Campbell, was born in Scotland and brought to America when a 
child of three years, the family locating at Winchester, Virginia. The 
maternal grandfather of Harvey J. Campbell was William Jones, a native 
of North Carolina, who became an early settler of ^lissouri, the mother 
of Mr. Campbell being born near Liberty, Ray county, that state. In 
1844 Charles W. Campbell removed from his \'irginia home to St. Joseph, 
Missouri, where he was for many years engaged in the dry goods business, 
and where two of his sons are still engaged in the wholesale trade in the 
same line. He became a successful merchant, displaying far more than 
ordinary ability in his transactions, and was also known as a public-spir- 
ited citizen. He died at his winter home in Florida, in 1904, and there 
Mrs. Campbell also passed away. 

Harvey Jones Campbell was reared in the city of St. Joseph, Missouri, 
and there he attended the pulilic schools, graduating from the high school 
with a good student record. In 1872 he entered upon his business career 
in a dry goods business, continuing until 1898, in which year he removed 
to St. Paul, Minnesota. Mr. Campbell came to Benton Harbor in icjoo, 
to establish the manufactory of the John V. Farwell Company, and con- 
tinued to be identified with that enterprise until his appointment to the 
office of postmaster, February 2, 1913. 

For a number of years Mr. Campbell has taken an active part in the 
activities of the Democratic party, serving for a long period as chairman 
of the Democratic central committee. While he was an applicant for the 
appointment as postmaster and had good backing, his appointment was 
in the nature of a personal one from President Wilson, who risked the 
appointment from the Postoffice Department. Mr. Campbell took charge 
of the office March i, 191 3, and since that time through his energetic labors 
has been able to accomplish much for the good of the service. He has 
always had the capacity for gathering about him men of force of char- 
acter who are capable of accomplishing things, and in this much of Mr. 
Campbell's success lies. Recognized as one of his city's leading men, in 
T914 he was made president of "the board of trustees of the Benton Harbor 
Public Library. 

Mr. Campbell married I\Iary Brown Denney, of Winchester, \'ir- 
ginia, who was born there, a member of the distinguished family of that 
name. Her father, Col. William R. Denney, was a Confederate officer 
during the Civil War and one of the captors of John Brown, at Harper's 
Ferr\' ; and subsequently was one of the charterers of the vessel which 
took'abroad Mark Twain and his "Innocents," out of which voyage grew 
that author's famous "Innocents Abroad," Colonel Denney being the orig- 
inal from whom was drawn the character of "the Colonel." A brother 
of Mrs. Campbell is Bishop Collins Denney, of the Southern Methodist 
church, a graduate of Princeton LTniversity and an intimate friend pf 
President Woodrow Wilson. Mrs. Campbell is widely known in social 
circles of Benton Harbor, having formerly been secretary of the local 
chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution and three vears 
state secretary, and now serving her second term as regent of the Michi- 
gan State Society. ^Ir. Campbell, who is also widely and favorably known 



1948 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

in the city, is a member of the Alissouri Society, Sons of the American 
Revolution, his mihtary ancestor liaving been Daniel Donnell. of North 
Carolina. 

Arthur vox Schlegell. of Detroit, general manager of the Michigan 
State Telephone Company, is the most conspicuous figure in the telephone 
field of Michigan today. He has been identified with this line of business 
during the past twenty years, during which period he has steadily worked 
his way up from the bottom of the ladder until he is now the recognized 
local head of the largest telephone system in the state. 

Mr. von Schlegell was born at St. Louis, Missouri. December 15, 1872, 
and is a son of Lieutenant and ]\Iarie (Muller) von Schlegell. The fam- 
ily has been prominent in Germany for many generations. His grand- 
father was for years commander of the military school at Potsdam, Ger- 
many, while Lieutenant von Schlegell was an officer in Franz Joseph's 
Grenadiers of Prussia. Lieutenant von Schlegell and his wife came to 
the United States in 1870, locating first at St. Louis, and a few years 
later removed to Minneapolis, where the father became prominent as a 
member of the bar and served as judge of the probate court. 

Arthur von Schlegell was graduated from the Minneapolis High 
school and matriculated for the University of Minnesota, but did not 
enter that institution, preferring to enter at once upon his career. For 
two years he served as deputy clerk of the probate court, and the follow- 
ing three years were passed as a clerk in the National Bank of Commerce, 
at Minneapolis, succeeding which he became identified with street rail- 
ways, first with the construction and maintenance department of the St. 
Louis Street Railway Company and later with the operating department 
of the Minneapolis Street Railway Company, being engaged with each 
line for about one year. During the early 'nineties, ]\Ir. von Schlegell 
entered the telephone field, in Minnesota, and in 1895 became contract 
agent for the Northwestern Telephone Company, at Minneapolis. His 
success in this line gained him promotion after promotion, and in 1907 
he came to Michigan to accept the position of general contract superin- 
tendent of the ^lichigan Telephone Company, which, in IQIO, became a 
subsidiary of the American Telephone Company and Telegraph Company, 
and shortly afterwards one of five companies operated as the central 
group of Bell Telephone Companies, and one of the territorial units of 
the Bell System. Mr. von Schlegell's position then became that of gen- 
eral commercial superintendent of the Michigan State Telephone Com- 
panv, the Wisconsin Telephone Company, the Cleveland Telephone 
Company and the Central Union Telephone Company. In 1912 there 
occurred a reorganization of the Michigan State Telephone Company and 
Mr. von Schlegell was made general manager, a position which he still 
retains, being also president of the Cheboygan Telephone Company and 
vice president of the Lenawee County Telephone Company. He is an 
active member of the Detroit Board of Commerce and belongs to the 
Detroit, Fellowcraft Club and the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks. 

On April 3, 1892, Mr. von Schlegell was married to Miss Grace Lara- 
way, of Minneapolis, and to them there has been born one daughter : 
Abby Elise. 

Hon. Gr.xnt Fellow.s. Long accounted one of }ilichigan's most emi- 
nent legists, Hon. Grant Fellows, attorney general of the state, is also 
known as a dominant factor in Republican politics. He is a product of 
the farm, having been born on his father's homestead in Hudson town- 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1949 

ship, Lenawee county, [Michigan, April 13, 1865, and is a son of Xelson 
and Sarah M. (Perry) Fellows. 

Abel Perry, the grandfather of Grant Fellows, was a descendant of 
John Perry, of Waterford, who founded the family in America in 1780. 
The grandfather came to Michigan from New York in 1838 and settled in 
Medina township, Lenawee county, and there spent the remainder of his 
life. Nelson Fellows was a native of the Empire state, and came to Mich- 
igan in 1835, two years prior to this state's admission to the Lhiion. Set- 
tling on land in Medina township, Lenawee county, which he had secured 
from the Government, he engaged- in agricultural pursuits in that and 
Hudson townships, and passed away after an honorable and successful 
career, in 1876, aged fifty-seven years. The mother of Grant Fellows 
was also a New Yorker and Ijelonged to the same family which gave to 
the United States Commodore Perry, who won imperishable fame in the 
War of 1812. She died in 1898, when seventy-nine years of age. 

Grant Fellows received his early education in the district schools of 
Hudson township and the high school at Hudson, and following some 
preparation entered the practice of law, being admitted to the bar Decem- 
ber II, 1886. He has since engaged in the practice of his calling, and since 
1890 has been senior member of the law firm of Fellows & Candler, 
accounted one of the strongest legal combinations in the state. From 
191 1 until his election to the attorney generalship, Mr. Fellows was a 
member of the Michigan State Board of Law Examiners. He has been 
actively identified with the Republican party since attaining his majority, 
and his services as an orator have been in great demand during numerous 
campaigns. Mr. Fellows was nominated for the office of attorney general 
at the Republican state convention held at Detroit, September 24, 1912, 
and at the following election was sent to that ofiice by the voters of Mich- 
igan. One of the most capable of the state oflicials, his record has been 
one of steadfast loyalty to the interests of the commonwealth, and his 
achievements have been such as to place his name prominently among 
those of Michigan's foremost and most useful men in public life. 

Mr. Fellows belongs to the various organizations of his profession, 
and is also prominent in fraternal circles, belonging to the Masons, in 
which he has attained the Knight Templar degree, Adrian Lodge of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and Hudson Lodge, Knights 
of Pythias. 

Dudley M. Wells. Since 1879 Mr. Wells has been in the active and 
successful practice of his profession as a lawyer, for a number of years 
at Coldwater and later at Adrian. While he has not confined all his at- 
tention to one branch of the law, it is in criminal practice that he has 
gained his chief reputation, and as a criminal lawyer is regarded as one 
of the ablest and most successful in the southern part of the state. 

D. M. Wells was born at Blissfield, Michigan, September 20, 1852, a 
son of Marvin B. and Harriet (Dunton) Wells. His father, born in 
Monroe county, in 1826, was a member of a pioneer family in southeast- 
ern Michigan.' He followed the vocation of farming and died in 1863. 
His wife, born in Alonroe county in 1833, and also of an old family in 
the state now lives at Coldwater. After the death of her first husband 
she married William J. Peters, in 1875. Mr. Peters, who was a farmer, 
died in 1889. Her only child is the Adrian lawyer. 

D. M. Wells grew up on a farm, was educated in the common schools 
at Blissfield, and also the high school at Reading. After graduating in 
1875 from the high school he spent two terms in teaching, entered the law 
department of the University of Michigan, and was graduated LL. B. in 
1879. In the same year he was admitted to practice before the supreme 



1950 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

court of ^lichigan, and in 1902 was admittefl to practice in the Federal 
courts. Air. Wells began his career in Coldwater. Michigan, in 1879, and 
in a few years had gained a place among the leading lawyers of the bar 
who have long had a high reputation for ability in the southern section 
of the state. His practice at Coldwater continued until 1902, since which 
year he has been identified with Adrian. 

At Montgomery, in Hillsdale county, Michigan. May 25, 1878, Mr. 
Wells married Miss Hattie Thompson, a daughter of Hiram Thompson, 
a farmer in Hillsdale county. Mr. and Mrs. Wells have only one child. 
Bertha H., whose husband, Emil Huhn, is a plumber by trade, but is best 
known among the thousands as catcher in the Adrian ball club. jMr. 
Wells and family worship in the Methodist church, in politics he is a 
Progressive Republican, and his record of public service includes two 
terms in the city council at Coldwater, and two terms as circuit court 
commissioner in that city. During his early residence in Coldwater he 
was for one year a member of the Coldwater Light Guards. Mr. Wells 
still owns residence property in Coldwater. For his recreation he is 
partial to travel, but enjoys all outdoor sports, fishing being his special 
delight. 

Levi C. Annis, M. D. A physician and surgeon who has done a 
quiet but efficient work as a rural practitioner in Kent county, and whose 
home is at Cedar Springs, Levi C. Annis graduated from medical school 
a number of years ago, and has enjoyed success as a physician and high 
standing as a citizen. 

Levi C. Annis was born January 27, 1864, at Lindsay, Ontario, a 
son of David and Julia A. (Clark) Annis. His father, who was born 
December 11, 1842, is a successful farmer, and still lives at Lindsay. 
The grandfather was William Annis, who married Miss Coleman. She 
came from England. Grandfather Annis was born in 1817 and died in 
1905, while his wife passed away in 1876. His occupation was likewise 
that of a farmer, and in politics he favored the Reform party. Mrs. 
David Annis died in 1900. There were seven children in the parents' 
family, including Mrs. Robert S. Jenkins, Mrs. William I. Simpson, 
Miss Emma and Miss Nellie, and Andrew, the latter a successful farmer 
in Canada, also Jerry, deceased. Mrs. Simpson and the two unmarried 
daughters live at Vancouver, B. C. The father in politics is likewise a 
Reformer, and has fraternal affiliations with the Independent Order of 
Foresters. 

Dr. Annis in politics is a Progressive, and affiliates with the Royal 
Arch Chapter of Masonry and with the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. He was married at Windsor, Ontario, September 14, 1898, to 
Frances B. Scott. She died July 23, 191 1, and on November 30, 1912, 
Dr. Annis married her sister. Walter Scott, an uncle of these sisters, 
is in the active service of the British government in India, and has at- 
tained the rank of colonel in the English army. Dr. Annis has five 
children by his first wife, all of whom are now attending school in Cedar 
Springs. Their names arc William E., Richard C., Gordon C, Charles 
G., and Ethel L. 

Ar.\ B. Hf.wes, M. D. a native Ohioan and since 1903 in practice at 
Adrian. Dr. Hewes by his skill and high character reflects credit on his 
profession, and is one of the most jiopular citizens of his community. 

Dr. Ara B. Hewes was born in Medina, Ohio, December 27, 1873. 
His father, Alanson Hewes, wa.=; born at Medina, Ohio, in 1836, was a 
substantial farmer and honorable citizen of his community and a soldier 
(luring the Civil war. He died in 1874. The maiden name of the mother 





*<Vtv 




^ HE KEw row" 



["S^u^;^: 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1951 

was Alary J. French, who was born at Medina in 1840 and died in 1912. 
Their six children were : Lillian C, Marion £., Adelaide S., Ora K., 
Ara B. and John C. The daughter, Lillian, died in 1910 as Mrs. Mabry, 
her home having been at Medina, Ohio ; Marion died when nineteen years 
old; Adelaide, who died in 1909, was Mrs. Busher, and lived at Oakland, 
California; Ora K., is a teacher; and John is living at Lorain, Ohio. 

Dr. Hewes has made a success in life Ijy hard work. He was edu- 
cated in the high school at Medina, Ohio, and spent one year in Hills- 
dale College in Michigan. His studies preparatory for his profession 
were pursued in the Cleveland Homeopathic Medical College, where he 
was graduated M. D. in 1903. In the same year he opened his office at 
Adrian, and has since succeeded in accjuiring a large general practice and 
is especially successful as a surgeon. Dr. Hewes is a member of the .State 
Medical Society, the Michigan Homeopathic Society, and the American 
Institute of Homeopathy. He was for two years city physician of .\drian, 
and during the Spanish-American war was with the Reserve Hospital 
Corps, a year. Fraternally he is affiliated with the Royal Arcanum and 
the Knights of the Maccabees is a Presbyterian in religion, and a Pro- 
gressive Republican. 

At Rose, New York, October 7, 1903, Dr. Hewes married Alabel A. 
Ferris, a daughter of Henry Ferris, who was postmaster at Rose. To 
their marriage have been born two children ; Helen M. and Richard F. 

Hon. C. E. Gittixs. The work of Mr. Gittins as a lawyer and busi- 
ness man in Detroit covering a period of twelve years has brought him 
a substantial position and reputation in that city, and more recently his 
name has become known over the state as one of the champions of the 
national Progressive party and he is one of the representatives of that new 
political organization in the present senate of the state, having been elected 
in 1912 from the first district of XVayne county. 

Clarence Gittins, who is one of the young and able attorneys of De- 
troit, was born in Wayne county, at Plymouth, September 21, 1884. His 
parents are George I. and Josephine (Knight) Gittins. His father was 
born in Shropshire, England, in 1832, son of George and Charlotte Git- 
tins, who brought him to the United States in 1863, the family settling 
at once in Michigan, first in Detroit and later in Redford, where George 
I. Gittins grew to manhood. Following his marriage he engaged in farm- 
ing, and that was his vocation until 1913, when he retired from agricul- 
ture to take up the hardware business at Milford. His wife was born 
in Detroit in 1857, a daughter of Thomas Knight, a well known lumljer- 
man of the city. Both are members of the Episcopal church, and the 
father is affiliated with the Masonic order. 

Clarence Gittins, like so many men in the city, grew up on a farm in 
Wayne county, and while living in the parental home attended district 
school. For his higher education he supplemented the means supplied 
from home by his own labors, and first prepared himself for teaching by 
a course in the Michigan State Normal school in Ypsilanti. His career 
as a teacher began in 1902, at the age of eighteen, and continued for 
seven vears, with three years as principal of the Lyon graded school in 
Hamtranick, Michigan. While working in the schoolroom he was also 
industriously preparing himself for the legal profession, and in 1909 was 
graduated from the Detroit College of Law with the degree LL. B. and 
was admitted to the Michigan bar in the same year. With this training 
he embarked in practice at Detroit as senior member of the firm of Git- 
tins & Stieler, and in addition to a general practice which has brought him 
before all the courts of the state he has participated in business affairs, 
and is an official in several well known Detroit companies. He is secre- 



1952 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

tary of the Highland I'ark lioard of Commerce; secretary and treasurer 
of the Knowles Heights Land Company : secretary of the Ford \'ievv 
Realty Company; and secretary of the Highland Park Times Company, 
publishers of the Times. 

Ouite early in his career he began exerting some local inlluence in 
politics, and in 1912 allied himself with the new Progressive party. He 
accepted a place on the ticket of the National Progressives as candidate 
for the Michigan State senate from the first district of Wayne county, and 
in this connection it is a matter of interest to record the respective votes : 
Mr. Ciittins' vote was 8,594, and the other candidates for the office were 
Leroy A. Nelson, who received 8,201 ; William J. Lee, with 7,041 ; Otto 
Hinz, with 1,599; and Gerrit L. Smith, with 153. During the last session 
of the legislature Mr. Gittins was chairman of the committee on immigra- 
tion and a member of the railroad and other committees. 

Mr. Gittins has memliership in the Lawyers Club of Detroit, in the 
Delta Phi Delta, in Highland Park Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and in the 
Presbyterian church. On July 10, 1911, he married Lois Goldsmith of 
\"icksl)urg, ^lichigan. 

George F. Soxxer. Both the city of Benton Harbor, which is his 
home, and the State of Michigan are fortunate in the possession of such 
a man as George F. Sonner. A few years ago he retired from a long 
and successful career as a merchant. Early in his life he had been one 
of the brave and valiant soldiers of the L'nion, and won a captain's com- 
mission. About fifty years ago be began his career at Benton Harbor as 
one of the men of small means, but with a large outlook on life and an 
energy and ambition which have in the passing years accomplished much 
not only for his own prosperity, but for the good of the city. In all this 
time he has been closely identified with Benton Harbor's business 
aiTairs, and also with its social and charitable interests. 

George F. Sonner is a native of the Buckeye State, born in Highland 
county, Ohio, June S, 1837. His parents were William and Anne (Cailey) 
Sonner. His father was a native of Highland county, and his grandfather 
came from Germany in the early days and became a pioneer in that section 
of Ohio. Mr. Sonner's maternal grandfather was likewise among the 
Highland County pioneers and a native of England. 

The boyhood and early youth of George F. Sonner was spent in 
Highland county, where he acquired a district school education. On 
reaching his majority he moved to Zanesville, in Allen county, Indiana. 
At the outbreak of the Civil war, however, he was living in Ross county, 
Ohio. Like General Putnam, of Revolutionary fame, whose career is 
familiar to all students of American history, Mr. Sonner was plowing in 
the cornfield when the first news came to him that his services were 
needed to ])ut down the armed force of rebellion. Without completing 
the furrow, he unhitched his team, at once repaired to the rendezvous and 
tendered his services to the government. He became a memb<=r of the 
Sixtieth Regiment of Indiana \'olunteers, and completed one year of 
service with that command. Then returning to Ohio, under orders from 
the war governor of that state, he and Major Irwin began recruiting 
soldiers for a new command. Major Irwin was appointed a major in 
the Second Ohio Heavy Artillery, and Mr. Sonner accepted the position 
of captain in Company A of the same command. With that regiment he 
continued until the close of hostilities, and made an excellent record as 
a brave and faithful soldier. 

On the close of his military career Mr. Sonner came to Benton Har- 
bor, where his mother, who had been widowed and had again married, 
was then living. During his service in the war Mr. Sonner had managed 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1953 

to conserve his means, so that he came to Benton Harbor with a small 
amount of capital. While looking around for an opportunity to invest 
his means in some independent enterprise, he supported himself by work 
in a humble capacity in a box factory. After several years, the oppor- 
tunity came, and he' entered the firm of H. L. Pitcher & Company, dry 
goods merchants, the constituent members of which were H. L. Pitcher 
and R. ^I. Jones. Their store was the leading one of the city. A few 
years later Mr. Pitcher retired, and under the name of Jones & Sonner, 
as sole proprietors, a business was developed which for many years stood 
as a landmark in the business section of Benton Harbor, and was 
synonymous with reliable merchandise, with honest business methods and 
successful integrity. In 1912 Messrs. Jones & Sonner dissolved their 
partnership by mutual agreement, and both retired after about forty years 
of successful merchandising. Since that time Mr. Sonner has been occu- 
pied with his private affairs and investments, though he has always 
been liberal with his means in support of movements and institutions. 

His absorption in private business interests has never interfered with 
his public spirit, and no one has given more freely of his time and 
money toward the upbuilding of Benton Harbor and its institutions. One 
of the older settlers in Benton Harbor, he has continuously for forty 
years or more assisted in the upbuilding and development of the com- 
munity. The old soldiers will always have special reason to remember 
him gratefully since it was out of his private means that the Soldiers' 
Home was l)uilt at St. Joseph. He has also contributed towards the dif- 
ferent churches of the city, has for many years been one of the leading 
members of the Congregational church and for a long term of years was 
trustee of the church and superintendent of the Sunday school. Mr. 
Sonner was one of the promoters and liberal donors of the Benton Harbor 
PuIjHc Library, was chairman of the building committee of that institution, 
and was its first president, a position which he retained from 1902 until 
1914, in which latter year he resigned. 

J. St.wley ]\Iorton. From Michigan's territorial days down to the 
present time the Morton family has ranked among the honored ones of 
the state. For three generations the family has been closely identified 
with the development of the southern part of the commonwealth, and 
probably no other has had so much to do with the growth and develop- 
ment of Benton Harbor. The third generation of the family is honorably 
represented by J. Stanley Morton, who has well maintained the prestige 
of the name, and who is today justly accounted Benton Harbor's foremost 
citizen. 

The Morton family is of old English ancestry-, and was founded at 
Salem, Massachusetts,' in 1620, and members of each succeeding genera- 
tion have been prominent in American history. Among thedistinguished 
members of the name may be mentioned the Hon. Levi P. Morton, 
formerlv governor of New York and vice president of the L'nited States, 
and the'Hon. Marcus Morton, formerly governor of [Massachusetts. The 
Benton Harbor branch of the Morton family was found in Michigan dur- 
ing territorial days, one year prior to Michigan's admission to the Union, 
by the pioneer Eleazer Morton, grandfather of J. Stanley Morton, who 
came here from New York state in 1834. Eleazer Morton was a native 
of the old Bay state, having been born at Stoughton, Massachusetts, Au- 
gust I, 1786. 'He removed to Syracuse, New York, in 1806, and engaged 
in the manufacture of salt, and in 181 1 was married in that city to Miss 
Toanna Cotton, who was a native of Vermont and was teaching school in 
"the Salt City at that time. Soon thereafter, they went to Alexanrler, 
Genesee county, New York, where the grandfather engaged in farming 



1954 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

and manufacturing cloth, but in the spring of 1831 made removal to Brock- 
port. Monroe county, New York, where he was engaged in business on the 
Erie Canal for a short time. In the fall of that year Mr Morton re- 
moved to Ohio, locating at ^ledina, and there turned his attention to the 
keeping of a tavern, but after something more than two years again 
turned his face toward the West, removing to the then territory of 
Michigan and taking up his residence in Kalamazoo county. His object 
in coming to Michigan was to experiment in the making of sugar from 
potatoes. By the fall of 1835 he had abandoned that idea as impracticable, 
and at that time came to Berrien comity. locating first at St. Joseph. 
During the few months that followed, Mr. Morton purchased from dif- 
ferent owners 160 acres of land, in sections 15 and 20, and in the spring 
of 1836 built a log tavern on the Territorial Road, this at that time being 
the only house for seven miles eastward of the river St. Joseph. Mr. 
Morton cleared his land, improved it into a desirable farm, and set out 
a fruit orchard of apple, peach, pear, plum, nectarine and apricot trees, 
which began to bear in the early 'forties, and thus he became a pioneer 
fruitgrower of the state. Also, he was the second man to ship fruit 
from Michigan to the Chicago markets. As the years passed he became 
identified with other business interests until he was justly accounted one 
of the leading and most successful business men of the community. 
Eleazer Morton was a man of unusual ability and of most marked char- 
acteristics. He was a deep student, a profound thinker and a ready and 
fluent writer. Keeping fully abreast of the trend of the times and the im- 
portant affairs of the day. he was constantly in correspondence with nu- 
merous of the leading national men of the time, and was in demand as a 
contributor to the press as a writer of articles upon his favorite topics. 
He was an Abolitionist and a Whig, but subsequently joined the Repub- 
lican party upon its organization. His work, "Morton's Guide to True 
Happiness," had a wide circulation during early days. Altogether, he 
was a strong character and left his impress upon the history of his com- 
munity, an imprint which was in every way beneficial to his locality and 
helpful to its citizens of the succeeding generations. He died July 4, 
1864. his wife having passed away about eight years previous, in Sep- 
tember, 1856. 

Among the children born to Eleazer and Joanna Morton was Henry 
C. Morton, who became a worthy successor of his father and carried 
the prominence of the family through the second generation. Born in 
Genesee county, New York, January 2~, 1817, he was a youth of seven- 
teen vears when he came to ]\[ichigan with the family, and for many 
years was identified with the growth and development of Benton Harbor, 
witnessing the growth of the city from a straggling village to a metro- 
politan conimunitv. thriving, progressive and substantial. He was a firm 
ijeliever in the project of the Benton Harbor Canal and was one of the 
promoters and builders of that waterway. He also gave freely of his 
time, means and advice toward the establishment of other important en- 
terprises, and always did his full share in promoting the welfare and 
growth of the city during his time. On February 8, 1848, I\Ir. Morton 
married Josephine Stanley, who was born at LeRoy. Genesee county. New 
York, and who died at Benton Harbor in September. 1859. Mr. ^Torton 
surviving her until May, 1895. 

T. Stanley !Morton. grandson of Eleazer. and son of Henry C. Mor- 
ton, has w'eli maintained the prestige of the family in the third genera- 
tion, and is regarded as one of the foremost men in business and social 
circles of Benton Harbor today, while his name and rejAitation are famil- 
iar in the business world all over the cotmtrv. He was born at Benton 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1955 

Harbor, September i6, 1850, and attended the public schools until the 
age of fifteen years, at which time he embarked upon his business career 
as clerk in a general store of his native place. In 1869, before he had 
reached his majority, he engaged in the drug business on his own account 
and continued to devote his attentions to that line until 1873. In 1874 
he entered the field of transportation by chartering a steamboat and plac- 
ing it in the trade between Benton Harbor and Chicago, this boat being 
the Lake Breeze, which carried freight and passengers, although at that 
day travel was limited between the Michigan and Illinois shores. Mr. 
Morton continued to operate this boat with success until 1875, when he 
became interested with the late John H. Graham and Anderson Craw- 
ford in a steamboat line between Benton Harbor and Chicago, and, form- 
ing a partnership with these gentlemen, established what is now the 
famous Graham & Morton Transportation Company, which has grown 
into one of the largest lines operating on the Great Lakes. Mr. Morton 
was secretary and treasurer of the company until 1893, when he with- 
drew from the enterprise, but in 1898 re-entered the firm and held the 
same position until the death of Mr. Graham in 1907, when he succeeded 
to the presidency. 

After leaving the Graham & Alorton Company, in 1S93, Mr. Morton, 
in company witl,i other enterprising business men, purchased a controlling 
interest in the stock of the old Excelsior Gas Company, which was re- 
organized under their management, Mr. Morton becoming secretary and 
treasurer of the new concern. This venture was later again reorganized, 
becoming the Benton Harbor and St. Joseph Gas and Fuel Company, of 
which Mr. Morton was vice president until his withdrawal in 1912. At 
this time he is president of the Peck Furniture Company, of Benton 
Harbor. In former days Mr. Morton was intimately identified with many 
important local enterprises, being for a number of years vice president 
of the First National Bank of Benton Harbor, president of the Stevens 
& Alorton Luml)er Company, treasurer of the Alden Canning Company 
and secretary of the Benton Harbor Improvement Company. 

On June 21, 1871, Mr. Morton was married to Miss Carrie Heath, of 
Benton Harbor, a daughter of the late Salmon F. and Julia Heath, who 
came to Benton Harbor from Wisconsin in 1861. Four children have 
been born to this union, as follows: Charles, who died at the age of two 
and one-half years ; Henry, who died when two months old : William H.. 
who has charge of the Chicago offices of the Graham & Morton Lines ; 
and Raymond, who died in October, 191 3, leaving a widow and one 
daughter, Josephine, the latter now aged two and one-half years, and 
the only grandchild in the family. 

Mr. Morton is well known in fraternal circles of Benton Harbor, be- 
ing prominently connected with the lodges of the Masons, the Knights of 
Pythias and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 

Henry L Armstrong. That Detroit gained its supremacy as a manu- 
facturing city is due to several factors, the most important of which is 
the status of its representative business men engaged in the manufacturing 
line, a prominent example being found in Henry I. Armstrong, member 
of the firm of Armstrong and Graham, wholesale manufacturers of 
saddlery hardware, with shops at No. 130 Jefferson avenue, Detroit. 

Henry L Armstrong was born in the city of Detroit, December 10, 
1850, and is a son of the late Thomas and Catherine (Hopson) Arm- 
strong. In the democratic atmosphere of the public schools he secured his 
early educational training, afterward becoming a student at Olivet Col- 
lege, in Michigan, a well known institution from which he passed to the 
University of Michigan and after completing a period there was ready to 



1956 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

make a start in business. In 1870 he secured a position in the laboratory 
of the Detroit medicine manufacturing concern. Parke. Davis & Company, 
and continued so connected for one year, following which he engaged 
with the firm of Hayden & Baldwin and still later was with Glover & 
Campau. In 1875 he entered the employ of Buhl, Ducharm & Company, 
with which concern he remained for ten years, or until 1885, when he 
embarked in business for himself, becoming a member of the firm of 
Armstrong & Graham. The business of this widely known firm is the 
manufacture of saddlery hardware and the scope of its trade has so 
broadened that it has become the leader in its line in Michigan, doing 
an exclusive wholesale business. 

Mr. Armstrong was married March 21, 1877, to IMiss Sarah Aikman, 
of Detroit. He is a member of the Detroit Board of Commerce and 
belongs also to the Detroit Club. While not active as a politician. Mr. 
Armstrong recognizes every duty of citizenship and ever exerts his influ- 
ence toward the making of wholesome laws and to the impartial enforce- 
ment of the same. 

Hon. Edward E. Edwards. It was more than forty years ago that 
Judge Edwards was admitted to the Michigan bar, and with the excep- 
tion of three years his career since 1875 h'^^ been spent in Newaygo 
county, where he is not only one of the oldest lawyers, but his success 
and influence have been measured proportionately with the length of his 
practice. Besides the successes which have come to him as a lawyer, he 
has enjoyed public distinction at the hands of his fellow citizens, and is 
now devoting all his time and attention to the work of the probate judge- 
ship, which he has held since January i, 1905. 

Edward E. Edwards was born in Broome county. New York, Feb- 
ruary 20, 1845. Grandfather David Edwards was born in New York 
state and spent all his life there. The Edwards family originally came 
from Wales. Judge Edwards' maternal grandfather was born in New 
York state also. The parents were David C. and Electa A. (Pettis) 
Edwards. The father was born in New York July 4, 1820, and died 
August I, 1881. while the mother was born in 1823 and died in 1865. 
Some time after their marriage, they moved to Illinois in 1852, and the 
next year went to low^a, and after two years there settled at Greenville, 
Michigan. The father was a farmer in that locality four or five years, 
then became a pioneer settler in Oceana county, and from there moved 
out to the state of Missouri where he died. During his early life he was 
an active worker in the Good Templar organization. In politics he was 
a Democrat, and as a business man was quite successful, leaving ])ro]ierty 
valued at about twenty-five thousand dollars when he died. He and his 
wife had seven children, six now living, as follows: Edward E. ; Cynthia 
G., the wife of A. Harding, who lives at Port Townsend. Oregon ; Clara 
A., who married 'Sir. Armstrong and lives in South Dakota ; Mrs. Cor- 
nelia E. Young, wife of a physician in Iowa ; Mrs. Ella G. ^loore, who 
lives in the northeastern part of Washington ; and Daniel J., who also 
lives in the state of Washington, where he is a carpenter and builder. 

Judge Edwards received a common school education in New York 
state, and in Illinois, Iowa, and Michigan, his youth being spent in all four 
of those states. His practical career began as a clerk in a store, and 
after four or five years, having devoted himself assiduously to the study 
of law, under private direction, he was admitted to the bar in March, 
1870. He was then twenty-five years of age, and after two years of 
practice at Pentwater, and then three years in the southern part of the 
state, he came to Newa,go county in 1875, and set up an office and began 
practice at Fremont. Success came to him very quickly after locating 




CE-<^_«^-T£_<2_V^ C^ ' Gr^^rit^>—^ 



^. 



THE NIW TORK 

fUBi.lvJLURARY' 









HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1957 

in Newaygo county and he has for nearly forty yeais enjoyed a distinc- 
tion as an able and successful member of the bar. His home was at 
Fremont for a number of years, and while there he filled the office of 
circuit judge for a year and a half, having been appointed to that position 
in 1897. After taking up his duties as probate judge he moved to the 
county seat in 1905, in 1910 changed his residence to White Cloud, 
which in that year was made the new seat of government for Newaygo 
county. 

At Pent water in 1867 Judge Edwards married Emma J. Carroll, 
a daughter of Watson Carroll. j\lrs. Edwards, who died in 1869, 
left one son, Edward C, who died when six years of age. In 1872 
the judge married Mary E. Queale, a daughter of Rev. Robert Queale, 
a minister of the Universalist church. By this marriage there were two 
children: Edith M., who lives at home; and Corydon Howard, who died 
in youth. Judge Edwards and family worship in the Universalist faith, 
and he has been prominent in Masonry. He helped to organize Arcana 
Lodge No. 463, F. & A. M., at White Cloud, and has been master in 
four different lodges. He also affiliates with the Royal Arch Chapter 
at Fremont and the Consistory and the Mystic Shrine at Grand Rapids. 
In politics a Republican, he has interested himself in public affairs, has 
been a friend of good government and a worker for the best interests 
of every community where he has had his home. He served as town- 
ship clerk, as village attorney and president in Fremont, was a member 
of the state legislature and made an excellent record in the lower house 
during 1881-82, and in the state senate from 1885 to 1S87, and he at- 
tained to no little distinction while a member of the senate. Judge Ed- 
wards is a man who has well won the various distinctions which have 
come to him, and in every place of trust has accjuitted himself with credit 
to himself and with a fine performance of obligation to the public. 

Hon. Franz C. Kuhn, associate justice of the Supreme Court of 
Michigan, is a worthy representative of the dignity and greatness of the 
state in the domain of the law which he has honored for twenty years, 
and an able and virile product of the city with which he has been for 
so long identified as lawyer, jurist and progressive citizen. He was born 
in Detroit, Michigan, February 8, 1872, and is a son of John and Anna C. 
( Ullrich ) Kuhn, both natives of Germany. The mother belonged to the 
Ullrich family of Mount Clemens, which has long been identified with 
the commercial and financial interests of that city. The parents of Judge 
Kuhn were married in Detroit, but in 1874 removed to JMount Clemens, 
where the father is still engaged in commercial pursuits. 

Judge Kuhn was reared in Mount Clemens and was given a thorough 
literary training by parents who firmly believed in an education as the 
best asset of manhood. After attending the public schools, he entered 
the literary department of the University of Michigan, where he was grad- 
uated with the class of 1893, with the degree of Bachelor of Sciences, and 
in the following year graduated from the law department, receiving the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws. Almost immediately thereafter he was ad- 
mitted to the bar, and during the same year was elected Circuit Court 
commissioner of Macomb county, a capacity in which he served from 
1894 until 1896. From 1898 until 1904 he served as prosecuting attorney 
of ]\Iacomb county, three terms, and in the latter year was elected probate 
judge. He was re-elected to that office in igo8. but June 6, 1910, resigned 
to accept the appointment of attorney general of Michigan, from Governor 
Warner. On October 6, 1910, the Republican State Convention nominated 
Judge Kuhn for the office of attorney general, and he was elected for 
the full term at the ensuing election. In September, 1912, Governor Os- 



1958 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

born appointed Judge Kuhn associate justice of the Michigan Supreme 
Court to fill the vacancy caused by the death of the late Judge Blair, and 
at the Republican State Convention held the same year he was nominated 
to complete the full term of Judge Blair, and was sent to that office at 
the following election. His term will expire in 1918. Judge Kuhn estab- 
lished his residence in Detroit in July, 1913, having formerly resided at 
Lansing. While Judge Kuhn's rise to his present exalted position has 
been rapid, it has been fairly earned. No one has ever had cause to doubt 
his mental strength or his deep and thorough knowledge of law and 
jurisprudence. His decisions have ever indicated a strong mentality and 
careful analysis, and the discovery has yet to be made that he has ever 
been other than impartial. 

Judge Kuhn was married to Mrs. Mina C. Burton, who was born 
in Richmond, \'irginia. and they have one daughter, W'ilhelmina Ann. who 
was born in 191 1. Judge Kuhn is a member of the various Masonic 
bodies, including Romeo Commandery No. 6, Knights Templar, and Mos- 
lem (Detroit) Temple of the Mystic Shrine. He is past grand chancellor 
of Michigan of the Knights of Pythias, and a valued member of the Uni- 
versity Club and the Detroit Boat Club. 

\ViLLi.\M F. M.\LOW. Now at the head of ^lalow Brothers, William 
F. ;\Ialow has for nearly twenty years been identified with the building 
interests of Detroit, and is one of the successful contractors in the city. 
In the modern city's development few firms have taken a more conspicu- 
ous part as builders than this one. Only a few examples can be selected 
and mentioned to indicate the extent of their enterprise. They took part 
in constructing the first Ford automobile factory and erected the trussed- 
concrete building at the corner of Lafayette boulevard and Wayne street. 
They also erected the Country Club building in Crosse Pointe ; the fine 
residences of Henry Ford, of John Dodge, of H. E. Dodge ; the Fisher's 
Woodward Arcade; the original building of the Addison apartment hotel, 
and the firm has just completed an addition to that hotel costing three 
hundred and fifty thousand dollars. 

\\'illiam F. ^lalow is a native of Michigan, born on a farm four miles 
north of Mt. Clemens. October 21, 1868, a son of Henry and Sophia 
(Priehs) Malow. Both parents were natives of Mecklinburg, Germany, 
and were both born in the same year, 1836. After their marriage in the 
old country they emigrated to the United States in 1857. The father was 
already thoroughly trained in tlie trade of wagon maker, and continued 
in that line in ]\Iaconil3 county, where he first settled on reaching this 
country. In later }ears he retired to his farm, and continued actively as 
an agriculturist until 1904. That year he moved to Litica. Michigan, and 
now lives retired. The mother died in 1908. 

William F. Malow was reared on the farm in Macomb county until 
eighteen. In 1886. going to Detroit, he learned carpentry under his older 
brother, Martin Malow. Two years were spent as a journeyman carpen- 
ter in Detroit, and also two years in Cleveland, followed by a similar 
time in Detroit, and in 1897 he began contracting as a member of the firm 
of Malow Brothers. His brother Martin had long been identified with 
the building interests of the city. In 1907 W'illiam acquired the interest 
of his brother in the firm, and is now sole owner, but retains the old and 
well known firm name of Malow Brothers. 

Mr. ^lalow is one of the ])opular members of the Detroit P.uilders & 
Traders Exchange, of the Detroit Board of Commerce, and of the Rotary 
Club. He and family worship in the German Lutheran church. Mr. 
Malow married Flora Rieck, who was born in Michigan, a daughter of 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1959 

William Rieck of Utica. To their marriage have been born three children, 
Arnold, who is bookkeeper for his father, and Esther and Eleanor. 

Hon. George Willard Bridgmax. The sound judgment, the well- 
balanced mind, and freedom from bias that is demanded in those prac- 
titioners of the law who are ultimately honored by elevation to the bench, 
is well exemplified in Judge George \\'illard Bridgman, an honored resi- 
dent of Benton Harbor, and judge of the Second Michigan Judicial Cir- 
cuit. Judge Bridgman comes of famous Xew England ancestry and was 
born at Lee, Massachusetts, July 4, 1848. His parents were George and 
Sarah (Cowles) Bridgman, and the family ancestry, reaching to an Eng- 
lish source, later became signally distingviished in the intellectual life of 
the colony of Massachusetts. 

George Bridgman, tlie father of Judge Bridgman, was born at Belcher- 
town, Hampshire county, Massachusetts, in October, 1813, and was a 
son of Ebenezer Bridgman, also a native of Belchertown, who married 
Abigail Willard. She was born at Petersham, Massachusetts, and was a 
descendant of .Simon Willard, who was the English founder of that fam- 
ily in Massachusetts, where it was prominent for generations. From 
this ancestor came Samuel Willard, who was the first president of Har- 
vard College : his son, also Samuel, was also president of this noted in- 
stitution of learning. It was the third Samuel Willard who was the 
noted blind Unitarian preacher and distinguished author, of Deerfield, 
Massachusetts. Another Willard known to fame was Joseph Willard, 
brother to Abigail, who was the architect of the Bunker Hill monument. 
At Amherst, Massachusetts, George Bridgman married Sarah Cowles, 
who was born at Amherst, in 1814, and was a daughter of Jonathan 
Cowles of Massachusetts. Her maternal grandmother was Esther Graves, 
who was a daughter of Eliphat Graves, who, with his. five brothers, 
served in the Revolutionary War. In 1856 Mr. and Mrs. Bridgman came 
to Michigan, in which state they spent the rest of their lives. In Massa- 
chusetts, Mr. Bridgman was a manufacturer of carriages in early busi- 
ness life and later was connected with the Hosotowac Railroad Company. 
W'hen he came to Michigan he located in Lake township, Berrien county, 
at a point then known as Charlottville, now as Bridgman, a station of the 
Pere Marquette Railway, where he engaged for some years in the lum- 
ber business, later turning his attention to fanning. His death occurred 
in icjoi. He was a man of influence in Berrien county, interested in its 
progress and development but never accepted public honors. Originally 
a Whig, in later years he became affiliated with the Republican party. 

George Willard Bridgman attended the public schools, including the 
high school course and also enjoyed instruction. from private tutors. In 
1861 before making a choice of career, he was appointed to a position in 
the LTnited States Treasury Department at Washington and spent seven 
years in the national capital. While there he studied law, taking the reg- 
ular law course in the Columbian, now the George Washington I'niver- 
sity, and was there graduated with the degree of LL. B., in 1S68, and in 
June of that year was admitted by the Supreme Court of the District of 
Columbia, to the practice of law. In 1872 he returned to Michigan and 
two vears later was admitted to the Michigan bar and began the practice 
of his profession in his old home section. In 1884 he formed a law part- 
nership with George H. Clapp, at Xiles, Michigan, under the style of 
Qapp & Bridgman, which became one of the dominating law firms of the 
state and the association continued until 1889, when Air. Bridgman was 
elected prosecuting attorney, which was followed bv his re-election. In 
1891 he came to Benton Harbor, where he resumed private practice and 



1960 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

continued until the spring of 191 1, when he was elected to the Circuit 
bench for a term of six years. His ideals of the legal profession have 
always licen high and in i)ractice he has lived up to them, thereby gaining 
the public confidence that made his elevation to the bench a matter of 
general congratulation among this law-abiding people. He is a member 
of the Berrien County Bar Association. 

Judge Bridgman was united in marriage with Miss Thyrza Chamber- 
lain, of Cherry \'alley, Illinois, who is a daughter of .\lfred .A., and Xancy 
E. (^longer) Chamberlain. Judge and Mrs. I'.ridgman have three chil- 
dren: Ida C, who married George Schairer, of Benton Harbor; George 
C, who is engaged in the drug business at Benton Harbor; and Emma C, 
who is the wife of William H. Howard, Jr., of St. Joseph, Michigan. 
Judge Bridgman is a Royal Arch Mason and an Elk and Knight of Pythias. 

James Ch.arles W.\rd. In the Detroit building trades no firm has a 
record which includes more notable examples of building construction 
than that of J. C. Ward & Son, mason contractors. J. C. Ward himself 
has been identified with the Ijusiness activities of Detroit for more than 
forty years, and his rise to success has been through the avenue of hard 
work, first at his trade, wdth progressive responsibilities and eventually to 
an indejiendent business of his own. 

James Charles Ward was born in Xew York state, at Brazier Falls on 
the St. Lawrence river, June 2, 1855. His parents w'ere Patrick and 
Anna (White) Ward. Both were natives of County Sligo, Ireland, came 
to America when young and single, and were married in New York state. 
From there they moved across the boundary to Ontario, and for several 
years Patrick Ward was employed at different points along the Welland 
canal during the construction of that great waterway. B.oth parents died 
iu Canada, and were members of the Catholic church. 

The years from five to fifteen James C. Ward spent with his jiarents 
in Canada. His education from books was of an average amount, but was 
less important in his career than his ready industry and thorough training 
as a young man. When still a boy he began learning the trade of brick- 
making in Canada, and had made such progress that when he came to 
Detroit in 1872, at the age of seventeen, he was able to command a jour- 
neyman's wages. His first employer in Detroit was Mr. Albright, the 
pioneer contractor. .Subsequently he was with Joseph Dietz. first as 
journeyman, then as manager, then as partner, and for a period altogether 
of more than twenty years. After two years as a member of the firm of 
Deitz & Ward, mason contractors, Mr. Ward bought out his partner, 
and then continued in business under his own name. Like the majority 
of successful organizations of that kind, Mr. W^ard's beginning was on a 
modest scale, employing a few men and witli limited capital resources. 
The business developed from year to year, and his reputation became 
established as one of the leading mason contractors of the city. In 1912 
I\lr. Ward formed the firm of J. C. Ward & .Son, taking into partnership 
his oldest son. William C. In a brief sketch only the more notaljle con- 
tracts successfully handled by Mr. Ward can be mentioned. They include 
some of the finest residences, factories and business houses in the city. 
Mr. \\'ard put up the addition to the old Ford Motor Works, the large 
factory of Edmund & Jones, the Jewish Synagogue on Farnsworth street 
between Beaubien and St. Antoine streets, and most conspicuous of ;ill is 
the Windeman residence, regarded as one of the finest and most costly in 
the city. 

In the Detroit Builders and Traders Exchange Mr. Ward is one of 
the influential members, and also belongs to the Detroit Master Masons 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1961 

Association. Fraternally he is a IMaccabee, and his church is St. Leo's 
Catholic. 

His tirst wife was Mary Taylor, who died leaving two sons : William 
C, junior member of the tirm of J. C. Ward & Son; and James Francis, 
a brick maker, also associated with the firm. Mr. Ward married for his 
second wife Mrs. Bessie (Pickup) Blackburn of Detroit, who was born 
in Yorkshire, England. 

GoTTLOB C. Leibraxd. At the head of the corporations department 
of the department of the Secretar}' of State, and e.x-prosecuting attorney 
of Gladwin county, ^Michigan, Gottlob C. Leibrand is probably one of the 
best known men in the official and professional life of the state. Al- 
though his career has not covered as many years as those of some of his 
official brethren, it has been characterized by such activity, faithful devo- 
tion and general usefulness as to place his name favorably before the 
people, and to make him one of the influential Republicans of the state. 
Mr. Leibrand is an Ohioan, born at Canton, Stark county, June 4, 1870, 
and is a son of Christian and Catherine Leibrand, both natives of Ger- 
many. The father followed the vocation of teacher of vocal music, and 
died in the year following that in. which his son, our subject, was born, 
and the mother married again and in 1876 came to Isabella county, 
Michigan. 

Gottlob C. Leibrand secured his primary education in the public schools 
of Isabella county, and was reared to the pursuits of agriculture. On at- 
taining his majority he started upon a career of his own, but remained 
on the farm and continued as a tiller of the soil until 1907. It had long 
been his ambition to follow a professional career, and in that year he 
began to study law under a preceptor, although he had previously taken 
a law course in a correspondence school. In 1907 he entered the Detroit 
College of Law, receiving one year's credit, and in the class of 1909 was 
graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. During that same year 
Mr. Leibrand was admitted to the bar, and immediately entered upon the 
practice of his calling, at Beaverton, Gladwin county. The ne.xt year 
marked his entrance into public life, when, as a Republican, he was elected 
to the office of county attorney of Gladwin county, and moved his offices 
and transferred his activities to Gladwin, the county seat. Mr. Leibrand 
served four years in that office, and so ably did he discharge the duties 
devolving upon him that June 4, 1914, he was appointed to his present 
position in the Department of State. Here he is rapidly establishing a 
reputation that promises much for his future political career. 

Mr. Leibrand has long been prominent in Grange matters and during 
his earlier years did much to promote the agricultural interests of the 
communities in which he resided. He was well and favorably known in 
Isabella county, where he served as supervisor for some time, and always 
was foremost in the support of Re])ublican policies. In May, 1914, Mr. 
Leibrand was a delegate to the "welfare" Republican convention, held at 
Detroit. Mr. Leibrand takes some interest in fraternal matters, and is a 
popular member of Beaverton Lodge, F. & A. M.. in which he has numer- 
ous friends. 

In 1901 Mr. Leibrand was married to ]\Iiss INIinnie Kilborn, who was 
born in Saginaw, Michigan. Her father came from Canada when a young 
man and served in an Indiana volunteer regiment of infantry. Three 
children have been Ijorn to Mr. and Mrs. Leibrand: Carl, born in 1902; 
Dorothy, l)orn in 1904: and Raljih, born in 1906. 

Hon. Samuel \\'. Smith. As representative from the Sixth Con- 
gressional District of Michigan in Congress since March 1897, ]\Ir. Smith 



1962 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

is one of the oldest members of this state's delegation at Washington, 
and his services and ability have ranked him as one of the most useful 
men in the national legislature. His public career began with the office 
of prosecuting attorney of Oakland county in 1880, and he has for many 
years been one of the prominent attorneys at Pontiac. 

Samuel William Smith was born in Independence township, Oakland 
county, Michigan, August 23d, 1852, son of Nicholas B. and Mary 
(Phillips) Smith. His father, a native of Monroe county, New York, 
was one of the early settlers of Oakland county, and in 1841 he began 
the improvement of eighty acres of wild land in Brandon township of 
Oakland county. Some years later he bought one hundred and twenty 
acres in Independence township, where Samuel \\'. Smith was born, 
and the latter part of his active career was spent as a merchant in the 
village of Clarkston. His wife was born in New York in 1825, came as 
a girl with her parents to Oakland county, and died there in 1856. 

Samuel \\". Smith was educated in the public schools of Clarkston, 
in the Detroit schools, and was graduated from the Law Department of 
the Universitv of ^Michigan in 1878. Admitted to the bar in 1877, he be- 
gan his regular practice at Pontiac. and for many years was associated 
with the late Judge Levi B. Taft until .the latter's death. For a number 
of vears the Oakland county bar has had no more successful attorney than 
Mr. Smith. 

His attention has been pretty well divided between law and politics 
for more than thirty years. Beginning as a practically unknown young 
attorney he has achieved a place among the national leaders in aiifairs. 
In 1880 the Repubhcan party of Oakland county elected him prosecuting 
attorney, an office he held until 1884. This was followed in the latter 
vear bv his election as state senator from the Fifteenth Senatorial Dis- 
trict. 

In 1896 Mr. Smith was first chosen to represent the Sixth Michigan 
District in Congress, and his service has been continuous since the begin- 
ning of the Fifty-fifth Congress. In 1912 he was re-elected for his ninth 
consecutive term. In Congress he has given his support and has cham- 
pioned much important legislation. He has been recognized as one of the 
foremost advocates of government ownership of telegraphs and tele- 
phones. His speech delivered in the House of Representatives 'Sla.y 2fith, 
1906. has everywhere been regarded as an authority on this subject. He 
spent much time on this speech, and he does not believe that a single 
fact or statement in the same can be successfully controverted. He also 
advocated at a time when it was not so popular to do so, the abolition of 
railroad passes, telegraph and express franks and a reasonable reduction 
in express rates. He had no desire to injure the express companies, and 
has often been heard to say that if the express companies had made a 
fair reduction, it would have delayed the establishment of parcels post 
for many vears. He also favored a reduction in railway mail pay, believ- 
ing that the government was paying too much for this service ; which 
subject is again receiving a great deal of attention in the Sixty-third Con- 
gress. It is to be hoped that the Bourne Commission will make such a 
report as Congress can adopt and one that will be fair and just to the 
government and the railways and settle this very complicated question 
for vears to come. 

The laws regulating the sale of oleomargarine, a measure of equal 
importance to dairymen and consumers : and a bill for improved coup- 
ling of freight cars for the protection of railway employes, received con- 
siderable attention at his hands during his legislative experience : and the 
legislation for the introduction and extension erf rural free delivery of 
mail is one among the better known measures to which Mr. Smith gave 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1963 

much of his attention, and for which he deserves special credit. As a 
result of his leadership in the rural free delivery matter, the Sixth Dis- 
trict was one of the first places in the United States where the system 
was given trial. The cities of Lansing, Flint and Pontiac are indebted to 
Air. Smith for his efforts in securing suitable federal buildings for those 
communities. His constituents have always recognized in him a vigilant 
and untiring worker for their best interests. Until the Republican 
majority in the House gave way to the Democratic success of 1910, Mr. 
Smith was Chairman of the District of Columbia Committee, an office 
which practically made him mayor of the city of Washington, and his 
administration in that post was so efficient and admirable as to receive 
the direct compliments of President Taft at the time Mr. Smith retired 
from the head of the District Committee. 

Mr. Smith was married November 17, 1880, to Aliss Alida E. DeLand, 
a daughter of Edwin Tracy and Susan (Bentley) DeLand. She was 
born near Grass Lake, Jackson county, Michigan. Their four sons are 
Lieutenant E. DeLand, Ferris X., M. D., Dr. Wendell T. and Harlan S. 

Christian Paul Tietze. Few men in Detroit are better or more 
favorablv known among contractors than is Christian Paul Tietze, who 
has gained an enviable position in the line of plumbing and heating, and 
who is also prominent in the councils of the Detroit Builders and Trad- 
ers Exchange. Mr. Tietze is a native son of Detroit, born January 3, 
1859, and is a son of Ernst and Barbara ( Hoetzel ) Tietze, both of whom 
were born in Germany, the father in the province of Prussia and the 
mother in the province of Bavaria. 

Ernst Tietze was born September 21, 1833, and came to the United 
States in 1850, making the voyage in a sailing vessel and being ten 
weeks on the water, during which time he passed through a shipwreck on 
the English Channel. The mother was born January 26, 1833, and 
came to Am.erica, landing at New York after a voyage of eleven weeks. 
She came to Detroit by railroad, and her train was wrecked near Hamil- 
ton. Ontario, but she escaped serious injuries. The parents first met at 
Detroit, where they were married April 22. 1855, The father had 
worked at sewing boot uppers early in life, but later learned the up- 
holstering trade, at which he worked until his death, 2\Iay 31, 1872. His 
widow survived many years and passed away July 9, 1908. They were 
consistent members of the German Lutheran church and were the par- 
ents of the following children : Christian Paul, of this review ; Eliz- 
abeth, born November 18, 1861, who is head of the L. Tietze Company, 
dvers and cleaners, one of the largest firms in that line of business of 
Detroit; George, born December 22, 1862, who died September 6, i8fi6; 
Mina Henrietta, born September 9, 1869, who died July 17, 1S72: Paul 
H., born November 17, 1864, is supervisor of the Fifteenth Ward of 
the city of Detroit: George M., who was born December 21, i866. a 
plumber by vocation, who is employed by his brother. Christian P. : and 
Theodore William, born December 28, 1874, who died March 28, 1874. 

Christian P. Tietze attended the Lutheran parochial schools and 
Goldsmith Business College, and was but thirteen years of as;e when he 
started to work as parcel boy with Friedman Brothers, a wholesale milli- 
nerv firm on \\'oodward avenue. Succeeding this, he was associated with 
F. T. Barnum's wire works, later was employed in a cigar box factory, 
and following that worked in the grocery store of Earnley & Hazelton. 
During this time he had carefully saved what he could of his earnings 
and made the most of his everv opportunity, keeping his eyes open and 
his senses alert for whatever benefit he might gain which would help 
him in later years. On August 9, 1875, he received his introduction to 



1964 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

the plumbing trade when he apprenticed himself to the firm of Jack & 
Reynolds, of Detroit, and when he had completed his training worked as 
a journeyman plumber until 1896. In that year he entered the plumbing 
and heating business for himself under his own name, and since that time 
has carried on a large contracting business. His first establishment was 
located on Gratiot avenue, but in a short time he removed to the rear of 
his residence, at Xo. 558 ^lack avenue, where he has since continued. As 
a journeyman plumber Mr. Tietze had charge of the remodeling of the 
Mofifatt building, of the Cadillac Hotel and of a great number of fine 
residences, among the latter being those of Col. Frank Hecker and the 
late Orin Scotten. As a contractor he did the plumbing and heating of 
the Marvin M. Stanton residence, near Water Works Park, the fine 
residence of Charles S. Chapman at Rochester, Michigan, installed the 
water works system of the Old Club, at St. Clair Flats, the .Addison 
Apartments on Woodward and Charlotte avenues, which are the larg- 
est and finest apartments in Michigan, and in which he is financially in- 
terested, and has carried numerous other large pieces of work to a suc- 
cessful conclusion. 

Mr. Tietze has for many years been prominently identified with the 
city, state and national Master Plumbers associations. He became a 
member of the Detroit Alaster Plumliers Association in 1897, in 1898 
became a member of the State and National Associations, and during 
these years has been active in all connections. He has served as presi- 
dent of the local organization for three full terms and is president 
of the state body for one term, and, in 1914 was chosen vice-president 
of the state body which places him in line for another term as presi- 
dent. He was also secretary and treasurer of the state body for three 
terms in succession, during which time, in the line of duty, he visited 
every city water works plant in Michigan, making two trips to the Upper 
Peninsula. In 1901 he was first elected a delegate from the local asso- 
ciation to the national association convention, at Kansas City, Missouri, 
and was sent also as a delegate to the following conventions : Atlantic 
City, New Jersey, 1902; San Francisco, 1904; St. Louis, Missouri, 1905: 
Atlanta, Georgia, 1906; Atlantic City, New Jersey, 1907: Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, 1908; Boston, Massachusetts, 1909: Detroit, Michigan, 1910; Chi- 
cago, Illinois, 191 1 : Galveston, Texas, 1912; Salt Lake City, 1913. He 
has missed but one national convention since 1901. In 1906 he was ap- 
pointed by the president of the national body a member of its board of 
directors, and was reappointed in 1907 and 1908, holding that position 
three successive terms, which is full time for which an individual is 
eligible to membership on the board. It was through Mr. Tietze's efforts 
that the national convention was secured for Detroit in 1910, at which 
convention the record attendance was broken and the success of which 
was credited in a great measure to Mr. Tietze. 

Mr. Tietze is a member of the Detroit Pjuilders and Traders Exchange 
and chairman of its legislative committee in 1913 and 1914. He is a 
member of the board of directors of the Michigan State Comiiensation 
Insurance Commission, under apj^ointment from Governor Ferris. For 
twenty-five years he has been a member of Pethania Liederkranz Sing- 
ing Society. He was married November 12, 1884. at Detroit, to Miss 
Amelia \\'en(lt, who was born in Detroit, June 15. 1862, the daughter of 
John F. and Julia ( Frey) Wendt, natives of Germany. John F. Wendt 
was a pioneer shoe merchant of this city and saw many and great changes 
in the citv during his long life, he having lived to reach the advanced age 
of cightv-six vears and dving July 24, i<)Oj. Four children have been 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Tietze: Lottie Parhara. born November 12, 1885, 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1965 

who died January 6. 1906; Lillie Julia, born March 24, 1888; Eleanor 
Louise, born December 24, 1891 ; and Edna Carohne, born November 
17, 1894. 

Hon. Milo DeWitt Campuell. The name of [Milo D. Campbell in 
Coldwater and Branch county has for years represented a dominant influ- 
ence in politics, and leadership in public aft'airs. Mr. Campbell is a lawyer 
by profession and has practiced in Branch county for more than thirty- 
five years, his home having been in Coldwater since 1886. While well 
known as a lawyer and Ijusiness man it is his political career which has 
brought him his chief fame in Michigan, and he has long been one of 
the Republican leaders of the state. The public position which he now 
holds is that of United States marshal for the Eastern District of Michi- 
gan, a position to which he was appointed in 1908. His term expires May 
I, 1914. While Mr. Campbell has held many places of trust in local and 
state affairs, these honors always have come to him unsolicited, and it is 
a fact of which he and his supporters are both proud that he has l:)een 
able to fill every position and discharge every obligation in a highly com- 
mendable and satisfactory manner, so that there is not one blot upon his 
official record. 

Mr. Campbell's first public service may be said to have been as a school 
teacher in a country school, when he was seventeen years of age. There 
have been comparatively few years since then in which he has not done 
public work in one capacity or another. Milo DeWitt Campbell was born 
in Ouincy township. Branch county, October 25, 1851, and represents one 
of the older families in the citizenship of that county of this common- 
wealth. His parents were Rollin ^^ladison and Susan Ann Campbell. The 
paternal ancestry is Scotch and on the mother's side the lineage goes back 
to England. Both parents w-ere born in western New York, settled in 
Branch county in 1848, and the father was a substantial farmer all his 
active career. Mr. Campbell's great-great-grandfather was a soldier in 
the Revolutionary war. 

Growing up on a farm, Mr. Campbell attended the country schools 
until fourteen years of age, later went to school in Coldwater, and at the 
age of seventeen got his first license and obtained permission to teach a 
roomful of country boys and girls. After that he taught school and at- 
tended school alternately, until he graduated from the Coldwater high 
school in 1871. His work as a teacher went on at varying intervals, and 
he completed in 1875 the course in the State Normal School at Ypsilanti. 
During the summers he also worked on the farm, and in many ways got 
the practical experience and earned the money with which he prepared for 
his larger career of usefulness. While teaching he was also studying law, 
and in 1877 had completed the studies which enabled him to gain admis- 
sion to the bar of Branch county. 

The first ten years of his professional work he had an office and lived 
in the village of Ouincy. His practice grew rapidly, until it was as large 
as that enjoyed by any lawyer at the county seat, an.d eventually his busi- 
ness compelled him to move to Coldwater in 1886, which city has since 
been his home. ClaytonC. Johnson had previously been a student in his 
office, and they formed a partnership at Coldwater, which in a short time 
became one of the strongest legal combinations in that part of the state. 
Mr. Campbell, besides his practice, has been identified with different busi- 
ness organizations, and is a stock holder in the First National Bank at 
Ouincy, and a director of the Southern Michigan National Bank, Cold- 
water, Michigan. 

Besides his work as a school teacher, Mr. Campbell's first office was 

Vol. IV— 14 



1966 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

that of county school commissioner to which he was elected when twenty- 
one years of age. He was next chosen by popular vote as circuit court 
commissioner of Branch county, and in 1S85 was elected to represent his 
district in the state legislature. During the term of Governor Luce, an- 
other Coldwater citizen, Air. Campbell became private secretary to the 
Governor, and performed the duties of that position four years. In 1891 
Governor Winans appointed him as the Republican member of the state 
board of inspectors, having charge of all the penal and refomiatory in- 
stitutions of the state, together with the pardon board. He served two 
years as president of that board, until the law creating the board was 
changed. Governor John T. Rich in 1893 appointed Air. Campbell a 
member of the railroad and street crossing board, and he was one term in 
that office. In 1897, came perhaps his greatest opportunity for public 
service with his appointment by Governor Hazen S. Pingree as commis- 
sioner of insurance. At the end of two years, he was solicited by the 
governor to accept membership on the board of state tax commission, 
and was president of that board until the close of Governor Pingree's 
office. While commissioner of insurance, Mr. Campbell completely re- 
organized the insurance business of Michigan. He closed up and put into 
the hands of receivers thirty or more insolvent and worthless companies, 
and drove more than fifty other fraudulent and fake concerns out of the 
state. He secured a reduction in fire insurance rates from the stock com- 
panies, resulting in a saving of more than eight htindred thousand dollars 
annually to the people of the state. Also his work was important as presi- 
dent of the tax commission, and in the first year he secured an increase in 
the assessed valuation of state property amounting to more than thirty- 
five per cent. 

Mr. Campbell has also been honored in his home city of Coldwater, 
which he served three terms as mayor, being elected in 1902, 1903 and 
1904. He has attended many state conventions as delegate and was four 
times chairman of the Branch county delegation. He has frequently been 
a delegate to national conventions. His experience in public affairs has 
resulted in his selection to membership on various conferences of national 
or international character, and he was a delegate to the national confer- 
ence at New York to prepare extradition agreements between the states, 
and to national conferences of the board of corrections and charities. Mr. 
Campbell cast his first vote for General Grant in 1872, and has been a 
steadfast Republican ever since. He belongs to the Coldwater Presby- 
terian church, and affiliates with the patrons of husbandry, has taken the 
York Rite degrees of Masonry, including the Knights Templar, and also 
belongs to the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 

At Quincy, on October 17, 1876, he married Miss Marion Florence 
Sears. They have one adopted daughter, Jessie May, taken into their 
household when three years of age and reared with all the advantages 
which they could have bestowed upon their own child. She is now the 
wife of E. R. Clark, a merchant of Coldwater, and they have one child, 
Elizabeth. 

J.\MES Craig. Jr. Among men foremost in Detroit as identified with 
Western industrial enterprises, those who have become known because 
of the magnitude of their operations and the vast extent of their trade 
connections, none is there whose personality is of a more interesting char- 
acter or whose career has been more impressive or beneficial as an object 
lesson to the young than James Craig, Jr., president of the firm of Parker, 
Webb & Company, probably the largest meat packers between New 
York and Chicago. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1967 

Mr. Craig was born in Detroit and is a son of the late James Craig, 
an early business man of Detroit. The latter was born near Fort Ticon- 
deroga, New York, and came to Detroit during the late 'forties, being 
for a number of years engaged in the wholesale grocery business as a 
member of the firm of Craig Brothers. Later he identified himself with 
the wholesale fish business, and also was interested in lake vessels, hav- 
ing owned an interest with the late E. B. Ward, in the old Mohawk and 
other boats. He married Daphney Cook, who was born on Lake George, 
New York, and whose nephew, Joseph Cook, D. D., was a well-known 
Boston divine. Both parents died in Detroit after a long residence here, 
passing away within a year of one another. They were devout members 
of St. Paul's Episcopal church. 

James Craig, Jr., was graduated from the Detroit High school in 
the class of 1872 and at once went to work for his father, in whose em- 
ploy he remained for four years. At the end of that time he became 
shipping clerk, bookkeeper and cashier for William Parker & Company, 
the packer, with whom he remained until 1889. and then went to Omaha, 
Nebraska, where he became identified with Armour-Cudahy Packing Com- 
pany, the old firm of meat packers then doing business as Armour & 
Cudahy. A few months later Mr. Craig became connected with the firm 
of G. H. Hammond & Company, packers, and for two years had charge 
of the company's sales department, at South Omaha. In 1890 the two old 
firms of Willard Parker & Company and Webb Brothers, packers of De- 
troit, consolidated, and soon afterwards Mr. Craig was sent for, he join- 
ing the new firm as manager in 1891. By 1892 he had secured some 
stock in the company and was elected secretary, subsequently became sec- 
retary-treasurer, and in 1908 was chosen president of the concern. From 
the time he entered the service' of the company in 1891 he has been the 
dominating influence in its management and the wonderful success which 
has marked its development may be credited directly to his indefatigable 
efforts, his wise judgment and his fine organizing and executive abil- 
ity. Mr.. Craig is widely known among packers all over the country, and 
in 1913 was president of the American Meat Packers Association. Mr. 
Craig is a director in the Old First National Bank of Detroit. He belongs 
to the Detroit Board of Commerce, the Detroit Club, the Detroit Athletic 
Club, the Detroit Curling Club and the Detroit Boat Club. The record 
of a career that has been so strong and forceful, so active and honorable, 
is necessarily brief, but it is full of useful incentive and lesson. By his 
own energy and labor Mr. Craig has succeeded in achieving a high posi- 
tion, and what he has accomplished is due entirely to his ambitious nature, 
his constant endeavor and his unwearying application. Systematic meth- 
ods, prompt and decisive action under all circumstances, good judgment 
and tact united tO' a high sense of honesty, and an absolute fidelity in 
every undertaking, have, when in such comliination, placed Mr. Craig 
in his present position and given him a reputation of an enviable nature 
among his many friends and business associates. 

Mr. Craig was married to Miss Clara Aspinal, of Detroit, and they 
have two sons and a daughter : Harvey A., Lyman J. and Clare lean. 

Junius E.. Beal. A scion of Revolutionary ancestry, Hon. Junius - 
Emery Beal has fully upheld, through character and achievement, the 
prestige of the name which he bears, and he has exerted large and be- 
nignant influence in connection with the civic and material affairs in his 
native State of Michigan and especially in the city of Ann Arbor, where 
he is known as a broad-minded and public-spirited citizen. He is a repre- 
sentative of a sterling pioneer family of the Wolverine commonwealth. 



1968 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

his grandfather coming to Michigan in 1S35, and his loyalty to Michigan 
has ever been of the most insistent type, so that there are many points 
that make consonant his recognition in this history. He is at the present 
time not only a member of the board of regents of the University of 
Michigan, but is also chairman of the public domain and immigration 
commissions of the state. 

Junius E. Beal was born at Port Huron, St. Clair countv. Michigan, 
on the 23d of February, i860, and to the public schools of his native state 
he is indebted for his early educational discipline, which was et¥ectively 
supplemented by his higher academic work in the University of .Michigan. 
In this institution, of which he is now a regent, he was graduated as a 
member of the class of 1882, with the degree of Bachelor of Science. 
For a long term of -years he was a representative newspaper man of 
Michigan, as editor and publisher of a well ordered daily paper in the 
city of Ann Arbor, and he has been prominently concerned with business 
and public activities in this city, where he still maintains his residence. 
He has been a most zealous and effective advocate of the principles and 
policies for which the Re]niblican party has stood sponsor and has been 
influential in its councils in ^lichigan. In 1888 iie represented his jjarty 
and state as presidential elector, and in the following year he gave yeo- 
man service as president of the :Michigan .Republican League. In 1893 
he was president of the Michigan Press Association, and he has served 
also as president of the Wesleyan Guild. He has various and important 
capitalistic interests and it should be specially noted that he is a stock- 
holder of that staunch arid long established corporation, the Detroit Fire 
& Marine Insurance Company, of which he is a director. In 1Q05 he 
represented Washtenaw county in the lower house of the Michigan legis- 
lature, in which he made an admirable record as an earnest worker with 
the deliberations of both the general body and its committee rooms. He 
was assigned to various important committees, including that on ways and 
means. He has been a member of the board of regents of the University 
of Michigan since 1907, and in this capacity has shown the utmost interest 
in the loyalty to his alma mater. He was elected to this office on the 
Republican ticket and received the extraordinary majority of more than 
100,000 votes. In 1909 he was ai)pointed a member of the Michigan 
public domain commission, of which he is now chairman, as is he also of 
the adjunct body, the immigration commission. He holds membership in 
the Society of Sons of the American Revolution and is identified with 
various civic organizations of representative character aside from this. 

J.x.MKS \'iNCF-XT CuNXi Xi ; II AM . I'cw of Michigan's men. in puljlic 
life have rendered greater or more helpful services during the past several 
years than has the present state commissioner of labor, James Mncent 
Cunningham. In \arious capacities he has disijlayed a high order of ex- 
ecutive ability and administrative power. Born on a farm in Genoa town- 
ship, Livingston county, Michigan, February 3, 1871, Mr. Cunningham 
is a son of James and Mary (McKeever) Cunningham. The father was 
born in County Meath. Ireland, in 1837, and was a lad of twelve years 
when he came to the United States, and as a young man went to Colorado 
, and later to Idaho, there securing employment in the mines. Through 
industry, thrift and perseverance he managed to accumulate enough monev 
with which to return to Livingston county and purchase a farm, and 
carried on agricultural pursuits during the balance of his life, dying May 
4. 191 3. The mother of James \'. Cunningham was born in Oceola town- 
ship, Livingston county, Michigan, in 1842^ and is still living. 

James \'. Cimniiigham was born in a log house on the old homestead. 



*^ ••lis* 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1969 

and secured his education in the old Beaunuan district school and the 
Brighton high school. Reared on the home farm, he remained thereon 
until after passing his majority and in 1893 moved to Detroit and secured 
a position as conductor on the street railways, remaining thus engaged for 
a period of ten years. Air. Cunningham early interested himself in the 
afifairs of the Street Railway Men's Association, of which he was elected 
business agent, and was twice re-elected to that position, resigning in ]\Iay, 
1905, to accept the position of chief deputy under Sheriff James D. Burns 
of \Vayne county. Mr. Cunningham served two terms of two years each 
in that capacity. Succeeding this, Mr. Cunningham was made an adjuster 
for the Home Telephone Company, of Detroit, but after about one year 
became identified with the Columbia Buggy Company, with which con- 
cern he spent a short season. Mr. Cunningham was then appointed state 
factory inspector for the city of Detroit, under Commissioner of Labor 
Fletcher, and held that office for six months, or until the expiration of 
Commissioner Fletcher's term of office. He was next appointed special 
inspector of the Wayne county board of poor commissioners, and while 
acting in this capacity had charge and direction of the sons over sixteen 
years of age of mothers who were receiving aid from the commissioners. 
During his term of office Mr. Cunningham found employment for more 
than 350 boys, who up to this time, although able, were not willing to 
work, although if they had done so would have been capable of earn- 
ing more than the commission was allowing their mothers. Air. Cunning- 
ham takes a pardonable pride in the fact that these boys, the greater 
number of whom furnish material for excellent future citizenship, have 
been set straight by him and for the greater part have remained so. He 
left this position to accept the position of assistant city assessor for the 
city of Detroit, and in 1913 was appointed by Governor Ferris to the office 
of state commissioner of labor, assuming charge of the duties of that 
position July ist of that year. His services have been of the highest char- 
acter and his record in office has continued to be that of an energetic, 
thoroughly capable and progressive official. Mr. Cunningham is a member 
of the Knights of Columbus and the Knights of the Maccabees. 

Mr. Cunningham was married to Miss Mary \\'ilcox, of Detroit, who 
was born on a farm in Washington township, Alacomb county, this state, 
the daughter of Rush Wilcox, a pioneer of Alacomb county. One daugh- 
ter has come to this union : Frances Evelyn. The family home is located 
at No. 769 Tillman street, Detroit. 

All.\n B. W.\llower. Formerly in practice at Detroit, and now one 
of the successful members of the Grand Rapids bar, Allan B. Wallower 
has had many varied and interesting experiences since he started on his 
own responsibility when a boy. He educated himself, has worked in 
various lines, was a soldier during the w-ar with Spain, and a knowdedge 
of men and affairs acquired by constant contact with the world has been 
very useful to him in his profession. 

The Wallower family for a number of generations lived in the vicinity 
of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, where Allan B. Wallower was born August 
15, 1875. His parents were Benjamin F. and Margaret (Harren) Wal- 
lower, both natives of Pennsylvania. Grandfather John Wallower and 
great-grandfather Leonard Wallower were both Pennsylvanians, and 
the latter had a large farm near Harrisburg and was one of the prosper- 
ous early settlers in that vicinity. The maternal grandfather, Levi Har- 
ren, was born in Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, married Elizabeth 
Bates, and all their lives were spent in that county. Benjamin F. Wal- 
lower, who was born at Harrisburg July 25, 1844, and who died July 27, 
1883, spent six and one-half years of his early career in the service of 



1970 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

the regular army and afterwards was a railroad man. During the Civil 
war he was in Troop F of the Twentieth Pennsylvania Cavalry until 
the regiment mustered out, and then was in llattery F of the Third Lnited 
States Artillery until 1867. He re-enlisted in the Twenty-third United 
States Infantry under General George Crook, and participated in many 
western campaigns and was stationed at various military posts through- 
out the country until 1870. He served with the rank of a non-commissioned 
officer. After his army career Benjamin F. W'allower entered the rail- 
way service, and was conductor on the Philadelphia division of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad, running from Harrisburg to Philadelphia, at the 
time of his death. He was married in Harrisburg to Margaret Harren, 
who was born in Cumberland county June 12, 1851, and died December 
15, 1888. Of their four children three are living: Allan B. ; Roland C, 
who is advertising manager for the Frick Company at Waynesboro, in 
Franklin county, Pennsylvania ; and Charles W., who is district plant 
chief of the American Telephone & Telegraph Company at Boston. The 
father was affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and a 
Republican in politics. 

Allan B. Wallower attended school at Harrisburg, and at Champ Hill 
in Cumberland county, but was soon thrown on his own responsibilities 
and continued his education as a result of his own earnings. He took 
a business college course at Eastman College, Poughkeepsie, New York, 
and pursued his law studies at Detroit, graduating in 1908. He was 
connected with the Asphalt Trust, being located in Trinidad, British 
West India, and in Venezuela, from April, 1900, to August, 1903. In 
October, 1903, Mr. Wallower came to Detroit as cashier for the Barber 
Asphalt Paving Company, and resigned that position in September, 1904. 
His practice as a lawyer began in Detroit after his graduation from law 
college, and continued there until January 15, 1913, since which date his 
home has been in Grand Rapids, where he already has a good practice. 

Mr. Wallower is a member of the First Presbyterian church of 
Detroit and affiliates with Zion Lodge No. i, A. F. & A. M., in the same 
city. In politics he is a Republican. For six years of his earlier career 
he served in the National Guard of Pennsylvania, as a member of Com- 
pany F of the Twelfth Regiment, and held the rank of lieutenant, and 
later that of captain and regimental adjutant, having the latter rank at 
the time of his resignation. During the war with Spain he served as 
lieutenant in the Twelfth Pennsylvania Infantry, and while in the army 
fell a victim of typhoid fever and spent se\en weeks in hospital. Mr. 
Wallower is a member of the Naval and Military Order of the Spanish- 
American war, and was recorder of that organization four years. He 
has again entered the National Guard and is now a lieutenant of Com- 
pany B, Second Regiment Infantry of Michigan. 

David I-'dward Thomas. The late David Edward Thomas of Detroit 
was one of Michigan's most prominent insurance men, and was the 
founder and president until the time of his death of the National Casualty 
Company, one of the large indemnity and accident insurance concerns of 
the country. He was born at Cambridge, Michigan, June 4, 1853, and 
was a son of David W. and Selina ( Dickenson) Thomas, natives of Eng- 
land, who were early citizens of Michigan. The father died when David 
Edward Thomas was a baby, while the mother remarried and reared her 
three children to lives of industry and usefulness. 

David E. Thomas received his educational training in the Saginaw 
graded and high schools and supplemented this by a course at Adrian 
College. He was reared as a farmer, and continued to reside on the 
homestead until 1875, during which iieriod he also had six terms of ex- 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1971 

perience as a teacher in the country schools. For three years after leaving 
the farm he was connected with a retail grocery store, at Alpena, Michi- 
gan, in the capacity of clerk, then entering that line of business on his 
own account and continuing to be thus engaged for two years. Mr. 
Thomas then became a '"knight of the road," becoming a traveling sales- 
man for a large flour manufacturing company, but in 1891 entered the 
business in which he was destined to become one of the leading figures 
in business circles of the state. He was content to enter this field in a 
humble capacity, and in the position of solicitor for a casualty insurance 
company for three years familiarized himself with every detail of the 
business. In 1894 he organized the National Protective Society, which at 
first was a very modest venture and of slow growth during the first year 
or so of its existence, but under the able guidance of Mr. Thomas the 
society grew in strength, importance and scope from year to year, until it 
was removed from Bay City to Detroit, and in 1904 was reorganized as 
the National Casualty Company, with Mr. Thomas still president and 
guiding spirit. 

Mr. Thomas died at his handsome Detroit home, April 9, 1909. He 
was a member of the Episcopal church, of the Detroit Board of Com- 
merce, the Detroit Club, the Fellowcraft Club, the Detroit Yacht Club, 
the Detroit Golf Club and the Rushmere Club. He was prominent in 
Masonic circles and was a thirty-second degree, Scottish Rite Mason, and 
a member of the Order of the Mystic Shrine. 

On May 11, 1888, Mr. Thomas was united in marriage with Mrs. 
Maria A. Van Dusen, of Bay City, Michigan, who was born in Ontario, 
Canada, the daughter of Philip and Catherine (Wagner) Empey, both of 
whom were natives of the Dominion, She married for her first husband 
Jacob Van Dusen, a native of Canada, who died in 1880, leaving the fol- 
lowing children : Sue, who was with Mr. Thomas in the office in the early 
days of the insurance company and continued as his assistant after the 
business was finally established, and married William Oliver Turrell, a 
well-known bond broker of Detroit ; Franklin, who is a resident of this 
city ; and W'alter, who is deceased. 

Elmer Justin Way. One of the largest and most prosperous lumber 
companies of Saginaw is the Kerry & Way, the senior member of which 
is Charles T. Kerry, and the active manager of the business is Elmer J. 
Way. Mr. Way is well known in Saginaw business circles, is a man of 
progressive ideas and a willing worker whenever the public interest is 
at stake, and is a man who less than forty years of age has reached a 
commendable situation in life, and has his own industry and ability to 
thank for his success, since he started as a poor boy and earned his own 
education. 

Elmer Justin Way was born in Flushing township of Genesee county, 
Michigan, February 3, 1876, a son of Hiram Parker and Susan (Shanks) 
Way. His father was born in New York and his mother in Indiana. The 
maternal grandfather Shanks was a veteran of the war of 181 2, and 
lived to the remarkable age of one hundred and six years and nine months. 
His last years were spent in Flushing township. He was descended from 
the hardy Pennsylvania Dutch stock. The records for longevity of the 
Shanks family is further indicated by the fact that this centenarian reared 
a family of fourteen children, .seven sons and seven daughters, and all 
lived to maturity. Hiram P. Way, who was born in 1835, when a young 
man of eighteen settled in Genesee county, Michigan, was married there, 
and spent twenty-one years as a contractor in the making of lumber 
drives. Later he followed farming with equal success, and was one of 



1972 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

the men who helped develop the agricultural resources of Genesee county. 
His death occurred August 7, 1913, at the age of seventy-eight, in Mont- 
rose, where he had lived a retired life since 1910. His wife passed away 
October i, 1910, and both are at rest in the town of Flushing. The father 
took an active part in township and county politics as a Republican but 
would never accept any office, and did his civic duties with the cjuiet effici- 
ency whicli characterized him in business. There were six children, and 
their records are briefly stated as follows : Justin, wdio died at the age of 
six years ; Alice, who died aged twenty-one ; Byron, who is a successful 
farmer in Flushing, Genesee county ; Eleanor, widow of Alfred Barlow, 
and living in Montrose ; Elmer J. ; and Arthur, one of the leading mer- 
chants of Montrose. 

Elmer J- ^^'ay is indebted to the public schools of Flushing for his 
early training, while he learned the lessons of industry on the home farm. 
During his early years he S]jent his vacations in selling fence rights, and 
in that way earned enough money to take him through college. In T898 
he graduated in commercial and shorthand course, at Ypsilanti College, 
and then with characteristic energy applied himself to the business of life. 
His first three years were spent in the employ of the Pere ^Marquette 
Railroad Company, beginning as car checker, later as weighmaster, and 
finally as chief clerk in the Bay City yards. Leaving the Pere Marquette, 
he became a commercial contractor, with the ^lichigan Central Railroad, 
and worked in that line until 1908. That was the year in which he joined 
^Ir. Charles T. Kerry in the Kerry & Way Company. They bought an 
ideal location with unexcelled railroad and river facilities at the corner 
of Bristol and Niagara Streets in Saginaw, obtaining between seven and 
eight acres of ground. .\n old mill and other buildings that occupied the 
grounds were razed in order to clear the property, suitable lumber .sheds 
and modern two story brick office buildings erected, and the business lias 
since been develojied to flourishing proportions through the energies of 
Mr. \\'ay, who has active charge of the yards. .At the present time 
thirty-five men are employed in the conduct of the business which began 
in a small way and has been steadily increasing each year since it was 
established. Besides his connection with the Kerry & Way, Mr. Way is 
identified with the Fred R. Welch Company, wholesale lumber dealers. 

In politics he is a Republican, belongs to the Methodist church, and is 
affiliated with the Order of Elks. On June 28, i()05, occurred his mar- 
riage with Miss Margaret Farrell, of Saginaw, a daughter of Dennis and 
Mary (Brown) Farrell. Mary Brown was the daughter of Michael 
Brown, a veteran of the Civil war in the union army, who died from the 
efl^ects of wounds received in the battle of Xashville. Mrs. Way's grand- 
mother was Margaret Whalen. Mr. and Mrs. Way have two children : 
Justin Farrell Way, aged six years ; and Esther Margaret \^'ay, aged five. 

William Anton \\"ellemeyer. M. D. The oldest physician in point 
of active ])ractice at \"assar. Michigan, Dr. \^'illianl Anton Wcllemeyer 
has attained merited distinction in the line of his calling through the ex- 
ercise of natural ability, close application and strict adherence to the 
ethics of the profession. While the greater part of his attention has been 
devoted to the duties of his large practice, he has found time and inclina- 
tion to devote to the needs of his community, and both as physician and 
citizen has gained and retained the confidence and esteem of the people 
of his adopted place. 

Doctor \\'ellenieyer is a native of Xew York state, born at Port Gib- 
son. Ontario county. February 20. 187-7. <i son of John Anton and Emily 
A. (Moore) Wellemeyer. His grandfather, Ignatz Wellemeyer, was born 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1973 

in Germany, where he was educated, grew to manhood, learned the shoe- 
maker's trade, and was married, and in 1842 came to the United States 
and settled at Port Gibson, New York, there continuing to follow his 
trade until his death at the age of eighty-nine years. John Anton Welle- 
meyer was also born in the Fatherland, and was seven years old when he 
accompanied his parents to America. He received his education in the 
village schools of the Empire state, and as a young man received his in- 
troduction to mercantile life as a clerk. He was industrious and am- 
bitious, carefully saved his earnings, and eventually entered business on 
his own account, but when he had accumulated a fair competence he 
gratified a long cherished ambition to become a farmer and in 1881 
moved his family to \'assar, Michigan. Here he purchased a farm four 
miles north of the village, and this has since been his home. He has been 
successful in his operations, by reason of his continued industry and per- 
sistent effort, and at this time is known as one of the substantial men of 
his part of Tuscola county. He married Emily A. Moore, who was born 
at Seneca Falls, New York, ]\Iay 21, 1839. and she died in \'assar town- 
ship, April 27, 1912, aged almost seventy-three years. Three sons were 
born to John Anton and Emily A. Wellemeyer, namely : John Bernard, 
who is connected in an official capacity with the \'assar postoffice and is 
also the owner of a handsome fann in \'assar township ; Henry Moore, 
who is engaged in agricultural pursuits on a property adjoining that of his 
father; and Dr. \^'illiam Anton, of this review. 

After graduating from the local public and high schools of \'assar, 
William A. Wellemeyer entered the Chicago Homeopathic Medical Col- 
lege, from which he was graduated in 1900 with his degree, and at once 
entered upon the practice of his profession at Cass City, where he re- 
mained one and one-half years. His practice there was of a satisfactory 
character, but he desired a wider field for the display of his abilities, and 
deciding that \^assar, also in Tuscola county, offered a more desirable 
locality, he moved to this point, which has since been the scene of his 
labors and successes. He holds membership in the Michigan State and 
Tuscola County Medical Associations and the American Institute of 
Homeopathy, and is a close and constant student, keeping fully abreast 
at all times of the advancements that are being made in the field of medi- 
cine. Fraternally, Doctor Wellemeyer is connected with the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows and the Masons. With his family, he attends the 
Methodist Episcopal church. He is a devoted student of nature, loves the 
woode and streams, and is fond of all out door recreations. Personally, 
he is of pleasing personality and his friends are legion wherever he is 
known. 

Doctor \\'ellemeyer was married first to Miss Agnes Leona Living- 
ston, in 1903, she being a native of Caro and a granddaughter of the late 
Charles R. Selden, one of the pioneers and early treasurers of the county. 
She died in 1904, one year and one day after her marriage. The Doctor 
was married in November, 1906, at Lapeer, Michigan, to Miss Char- 
lotte L. Bradley, who was born at Wingham, Canada, a daughter of 
Nelson W. Bradley, a resident of Crosswell, ^Michigan. IMrs. Wellemeyer 
is widely known in club and social circles, and chiefly in musical aftairs, 
she being a talented vocalist and choir singer. Two children have come 
to Doctor and Mrs. Wellemeyer, namely : Miriam Hope, born at \'assar, 
August 10, 1908; and Bradley Ellis, born at \'assar, March 3, 191 1. 

Edw.\rd C. Rumer, AI. D. Outside those special ones gained by pro- 
fessional training, the general qualifications for a physician are numerous. 
Culture and refinement are certainly prime elements of success in the 



1974 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

medical profession ; nor should anyone of less than average ability at- 
tempt to enter the calling : the training and the tests are severe, and the 
competition, even amongst clever qualihed men, is very keen. Good 
physique is an essential qualification, not alone because of the strain in- 
volved in training, but of that of general practice. The physician's time 
is never his own — his nights are frequently broken and his meals are 
movable feasts. He must be a man of character — capable of firmness 
and swift decision in emergencies ; but for all that, he must be a man of 
tact and of sympathy. In every particular named in the foregoing. Dr. 
Edward C. Rumer possesses the qualifications of the successful medical 
practitioner. The son of a physician, he was reared in a refined home ; 
he inherited a natural ability and inclination, built up a robust physique 
in a military career, has won success in a number of hard-fought cases 
which demonstrated his possession of a high order of courage, and has 
gained friends and patients by his understanding and broad sympathy. 
Since 1905, when he first came to Flint, he has occupied a foremost posi- 
tion among this city's practitioners. 

Dr. Edward C. Rumer was born December 25, 1875, at O.xford. Michi- 
gan, and is a son of Dr. James F. and Melissa ( Scott) Rumer. The father, 
a native of Ohio, came to Michigan about 1868, and settled first at Pine 
Run. At the present time he is a resident of Davison, and is not only 
prominent in the ranks of his profession, but is one of the leading public 
men of his community, having served as state senator from Genesee 
county in 1904 and 1906. The mother is also living, and three of the four 
children survive. The eldest of his parents' children, Edward C. Rumer 
received his early education in the public schools of Davison. He early 
showed an inclination for the science of medicine, and received excellent 
instruction under the preceptorship of his father, with whom he studied 
until entering the Detroit College of Medicine, an institution from which 
he was graduated in 1902 with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. Fol- 
lowing this he became house physician at Harper Hospital, Detroit, a 
capacity in which he acted until 1904, then returning to his home city of 
Davison to take charge of his father's practice while the elder man was 
serving in the state senate. In 1907 Doctor Rumer came to Flint, and 
this city has since been his home. He now maintains well-appointed offices 
at Nos. 805-6 Flint P. Smith building, and is in the enjoyment of a large 
practice which has been drawn about him by his skill and professional 
attainments. On April 26, 1898, Doctor Rumer enlisted for service dur- 
ing the Spanish- American ^^'ar, and participated in the Porto Rican cam- 
paign, being in the Hospital Corps during the greater part of the time and 
connected with General Miles' Division. He received his honorable dis- 
charge in February, 1899. In 191 1 he was appointed first lieutenant of 
the Medical Reserve Corps of the United States .-\rmy by President Taft. 
He is a Republican, with Progressive leanings, and while a resident of 
Davison was elected to the office of health officer for two terms. He 
holds memljership in the Genesee County Medical .Society, the Michigan 
State Medical Society and the American Medical Association, and liis 
fraternal connections are with the Elks, the Knights of Pythias and the 
Modern W'oodmen of .\merica. He is also a member of the Phi Chi and 
Phi Rho Sigma medical fraternities. 

On October 11, 1904. Doctor Rumer was united in marriage in Flint, 
to Miss Leonii Bardwell, daughter of Dr. H. H. l'>ar<lwell, a native of 
Michigan, a veteran of the Civil War, and a retired ])hysician, who was 
formerlv very prominent in the ranks of his profession. Two children 
have been born to Doctor and Mrs. 'Rumer: P.ardwell and James Mc- 
Lean, aged respectivelv seven and eight years, bright, interesting lads who 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1975 

are now attending the graded schools. Doctor Rumer enjoys an oc- 
casional vacation, when he goes hunting and fishing in the woods and 
along the streams in the northern part of the state. He is president of the 
local Gun Club, and has always been interested in the protection of game, 
and the enforcing of the game and fish laws. 

John Frederick Jones. .A. business association of twenty years ar- 
gues stability for both man and enterprise, but particularly does it reflect 
the ability and faithfulness of the human side of the partnership. During 
this period of time John Frederick Jones has been engaged in the plumb- 
ing business as a contractor, and in the same degree that he has been an 
important factor in the commercial life of the community, he has also 
been a helpful and useful citizen in those things which contribute to the 
public weal. A native son of Detroit, Mr. Jones was born May 3, 1872, 
and is a son of Griffith Jones. His father was born at llangor, Wales, 
and came to the United States in 1867, locating first in Detroit and subse- 
quently moving to Wyandotte, going thence to Chicago and returning to 
Detroit a year later. He was an expert stair builder and for thirty-one 
years was foreman for the \'inton Company, later being in the employ 
of Henry George. He died June i, 1912, aged si.xty-six years. He w'as a 
son of John Jones, who passed away in \Vales. Griffith Jones married 
Miss Elizabeth Davies, who was born in Rochester, New York, June 21, 
1849, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth (Ostler) Davies, the former 
born in Wales and the latter in England. They came to the United States 
in 184S in a sailing vessel, and located first at Rochester, New York, sub- 
sec|uently residing in Geneva and Canandaigua until i860, when they re- 
moved to Toledo, Ohio. Two years later they moved to Cleveland, where 
the grandfather was engaged as a carpenter contractor for many years, 
several of the public schools of that city standing as monuments to his 
skill and good workmanship. Mrs. Jones died March 25, 1894, in the 
faith of the old United Presbyterian church, of which her husband was 
also a member, their church being located on the present site of the post- 
office, where they were also married. 

John Frederick Jones early showed himself industrious and ambitious, 
for while he was still a lad attending the public schools he began to carry 
newspapers during his spare time and was one of the first boys to handle 
the Detroit Journal. When only ten years of age, in 1882, he secured a 
position with Andrew McClellan & Company, dry goods merchants, in 
whose employ he spent one year as cash and parcel boy, and then became 
a messenger boy for the Western Union Telegraph Company. He subse- 
quently was employed for two years in making wire and screens for 
Thomas Dowling, succeeding which he went to work for the American 
Car and Foundry Company, but left this concern July 11. 18S7, to begin 
an apprenticeship with John Cameron, one of Detroit's oldest plumbers. 
After serving his four years he became a journeyman plumber and worked 
for John F. Higginbotham for two years, in the fall of 1894 embarking in 
business as a contractor under his own name. He came to his present 
place, No. 791 Hudson avenue, corner of Linwood, in April, 1901, in that 
year completing his handsome residence and shop. Mr. Jones has in- 
stalled the fi.xtures in some of the leading business houses, hotels and 
public buildings in the city, including a number of public schools, the 
McClellan Avenue Police Station, the Metropole Hotel, the \'ictory Hotel, 
the Victorv Annex, the Chinese Imperial Restaurant. Parker & Webb's 
packing house and numerous apartments and private residences. His 
patronage has been gained by superior workmanship anrl strict fidelity to 
every engagement, and today Mr. Jones is justly accounted one of the 



1976 HISTORY OF .MICHIGAN 

leading men in his line in the city. He is prominent in fraternal circles, 
heing a member of l'"riendship Lodge, F. & A. M., Teninsular Chapter, 
Michigan Sovereign Consistory (thirty-second degree), Detroit Com- 
mandery Xo. I, K. T., and Moslem Temple, A. A. O. X. M. S. lie also 
holds membership in the Detroit Builders and Traders Exchange, the 
Master Plumbers Association and the Master Steam Fitters Association. 
His religious connection is with the Grand River Avenue Methodist Epis- 
copal church, %\'1iere he is acting in the capacity of member of the board 
of trustees. 

Mr. Jones was married to Miss Ella M. liriggs, who was born at 
Royal Oak, Oakland county, Michigan, daughter of Benjamin A. liriggs 
and Mary E. { Ferguson ) Briggs, and to this union there have been born 
four children: Ella Irene, Florence M., John F., Jr., and ^label L. 

J. J.\Y Wood is one of the successful and enterprising voung business 
men of Grand Rapids, who by reason of his accomplishment along 
an individual line of endeavor, is particularly worthy of specific men- 
tion in this historical and biographical work. Real estate activities have 
held his interest for the past fifteen years, and his work has been of a 
nature that has redounded to the general good of the city, as well as 
advancing his own fortunes pleasingly at the same time. Homes for 
working people has been the enterprise to which he has given his best 
attention in recent years, and there are many comfortable and well built 
homes in the city today that have been built by Mr. Wood and sold to 
honest workmen of moderate means, but of home-loving hearts, so that 
he has added something to the happiness and well being of a goodly 
number of people in the city as well as something more material to the 
assets of the city. 

J. J. Wood was born in Franklin, Erie county, Pennsylvania, on 
July i6, 1870, and is a son of James M. and Elvira A. (Sprague) Wood. 
The father, who was also born in Erie county, is still living at the age 
of seventy-three. The mother was born in the northeastern part of 
Pennsylvania in 1849. They were married in Meadville, Minnesota, in 
1868. James Wood served in the Civil war, though he was put to a 
deal of trouble to gain the privilege, for he was under age at the time 
of his first enlistment, and his father caught up with him and compelled 
his return to the home in Pennsylvania. The boy was determined, how- 
ever, and he ran away from home and enlisted in the cavalry service. 
He was wounded by the falling of his horse. He served three and a 
half years, and when mustered out was quartermaster of his company — • 
Company L, Second Minnesota Cavalry. He went to the ^linnesota 
home after the war, there in 1868 he married Elvira A. Sprague, the 
daughter of Edgar M. Sprague, a Pennsylvania Dutchman, who was born 
and reared there. .After a short residence in Minnesota they moved to 
Iowa and later to Kansas, taking up land and remaining there for fifteen 
years, when they moved to Missouri, and in 1S88 Air. Wood brought 
his family to Grand Rapids, there identifying himself with the Bissell 
Carpet Sweeper Company, with which he was connected for about 
twenty years, retiring in 1912. Of the four children born to him and 
his wife, J. Jay is the oldest. Rock R. is a letter carrier in Grand 
Rapids; Ethel E. married A. A'. Forsyth, who is vice-president of the 
Burch Furniture Company : Mark M. is a resident of Porterville, Cali- 
fornia, where he is a rural niail carrier, and the proprietor of a small 
ranch. 

J. M. Wood is an active member of the Wealthy Street Baptist 
church, and a Republican in politics. Pie is well established in the city 
that has been his home for the last twenty years, and is prominent in 



TR! NIW TWE 

r'UBiici(;j)URY 






HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1977 

numerous circles. He is a son of Orrin Wood, who was Ijorn in .Penn- 
sylvania and was a prosperous brickmaker and stone mason of that 
state. The family is one of Welsh descent. 

J. J. Wood had his education in the public schools of Grand Rapids 
and in -the Ypsilanti Normal, after which he applied himself to teaching, 
and for ten years was active in that work. He confined his educational 
activities chiefly to the village schools, and only one year of the ten was 
spent in the Grand Rapids schools. In those days the teaching profession 
was. even less lucrative than it has since become, and w-hen Mr. \\'ood 
had an offer from the Decker and Jean Company, real estate people 
of Grand Rapids, to join forces with them in their business he lost no 
time in making the change. He was associated with that firm for five 
years, and then entered a partnership with W. H. Kinsey. Four years 
later this firm was dissolved, and Mr. Wood has since been the active 
head of J. Jay Wood & Company, with offices in the Fourth National 
Bank Building. His activities in the real estate line have embraced the 
usual phases of the work, but he has added to it a home l^uilding depart- 
ment that has brought him not a little popularity, as well as some finan- 
cial advancement. Recently ^Ir. .Wood completed nine new houses, 
neat and attractive in appearance, and well built and satisfactory in 
every detail. The houses are located at Crescent street anrl Diamond 
avenue, and they were built expressly for people of moderate means, 
who could appreciate a cozy home and wanted to be the owner of one, 
but who were so hampered by lack of capital as to be unable to realize 
their ambition. To such as these, Mr. Wood's activities in the home 
building line has been a veritable godsend, for' he has made it possible 
for many to become property owners in a way that is within their means. 
In addition to this feature of his work there are embraced in Air. 
Wood's enterprise all kinds of real estate dealings, a feature of which 
is a farm department. 

For ten years Mr. Wood has been secretary of the local real estate 
board, and in the matter of his public life and his relations to the com- 
munity, no better commentary on that phase of his life could be found 
than in the little booklet circulated by his party when he was candidate 
for the office of alderman in 1913. The article, because of its clearness, 
conciseness, and devotion to facts concerning Mr. Wood, is here quoted 
almost in toto : '" 'Business Efficiency in Alunicipal Affairs' is the motto 
adopted by Mr. J. Jay Wood, candidate for alderman of the Tenth 
W'ard, on the National Progressive Ticket. Mr. Wood stands for an 
efficient, a practical and a business like policy for the city. He is a 
progressive, keen, clear cut business man, well acquainted with every 
part of the city and particularly well informed of the needs of the 
Tenth Ward as they refer to street improvements, street car lines, street 
lighting, etc. The nature of his business experience has been such that 
he has been obliged to give much attention to the subject of taxation, 
apportionment and collection assessments. As a business man Air. 
Wood has demonstrated a remarkable capacity for work and has always 
been an enthusiastic worker in behalf of a clean, healthful and home- 
like city. He has no hobbies to advocate and is ready at any and all 
times to explain his attitude toward any of the important questions now 
before the people, upon which the Common Council will have to pass in 
the near future. He is not a politician, and has never held any office, 
either elective or appointive. 

"He has lived in the city twenty-five years, in the Tenth ward ten 
years, taught school for ten years, and has been in the real estate busi- 
ness fourteen years. He has been secretary of the Grand Rapids Real 
Estate Board nine years and a member of the Wealthy Avenue Baptist 



1978 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

church twenty years. He has a family, and owns considerable property 
in the ward." 

That Mr. Wood is a man who in his public and private life lias 
justified the greatest confidence in his motives and in his ability will not 
be denied, and it is pleasing to record that his fellow citizens so far 
appreciated his character and purpose as to elect him to the office 
for which he was then a candidate. He has thus far proven himself all 
that his sponsor^ claimed for him, and has in the fullest measure lived 
up to their expectations in his official service. 

In 1895 Mr. Wood married Sadie Wells, a daughter of George M. 
Wells, a native of New York, and a cousin of Gideon Wells, former 
secretary of war. On the maternal side Mrs. Wood is a relative of 
former President Harrison. Two children have been born to the Wood 
family. Jay Wells is in school in Grand Rapids, and Oliver Warren 
Wood, aged five. ]\Irs. Wood, like her husband, is a member of the 
Wealthy Avenue Baptist church, and she takes an active part in the 
work of the church. Mr. Wood also is especially interested in church 
matters and he was superintendent of the Sunday-school of his church 
for eight years, while he was chairman of the building committee of the 
Baptist Temple during the process of building the part now completed. 

John H. Houton, yi. D. .\ successful young physician at Flushing, 
Dr. Houton has been in practice there since 1904, and is in every way well 
e(]uipped by native ability and by training for a successful career. It is 
noteworthy that his wife is also a graduate physician, from the same 
school as Dr. Houton. 

Dr. John H. Houton was born at Dearborn, Wayne county, Michi- 
gan, May 20, 1875. His parents were Edward and Mary E. (Stevens) 
Houton, both of whom were born in Michigan. The father was reared 
and educated in this state, and became a shoemaker, a trade he followed 
until his death in Wayne county in 1877 at the age of thirty-five years. 
The mother, whose parents came from Kentucky, and settled in \Vayne 
countv, and whose father was a veteran of the Civil war, was reared and 
educated there, and died in 1882 at the age of thirty-eight. 

Dr. John H. Houton was the only child of his parents and as his 
mother died when he was seven years old, he was taken to the home of 
his grandparents to be reared. His early school attendance was curtailed 
after he was thirteen years old, and he had to work his own way toi a 
professional career. By hard w^ork and careful economy he finally secured 
the means necessary to begin a medical education, and w-ent through 
Michigan College of Medicine, until graduating M. D. in 1904. Previous 
to that time he had spent three years in work as assistant in Dr. J. M. 
Pollard's office at St. Johns, Michigan. Immediately on his graduation 
in 1904, Dr. Houton riioved to Flushing, and has since built up a large 
practice. He has served as health officer and has membership in the 
Genesee County and State Medical Societies and the .American Medical 
Association. The doctor is a Royal Arch Mason, and in politics is a Re- 
publican. 

In June, 1903. at Windsor. Canada, Dr. Houton married Dr. Lillian 
Mae James, who was graduated from the Michigan College of Medicine 
M. D". in 1903. She is a daughter of Richard Gainsforth. now deceased, 
who w^as a minister of the Methodist Episcopal church. The doctor and 
wife have no children. 

Ho\. WiLLi.xM Aldex Smith. ' The successor of a long line of public 
men who have both honored and served their state, Senator William 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1979 

Alden Smith is distinctive in his achievements, liis abilities and his char- 
acter. Many of the homely honest, time-tested qualities of the old school 
of politics are his. At the same time no man in the United States Senate 
exemplifies more vigorously, more sincerely, the modern ideals and ideas 
of our American politics. Senator Smith has vision, but also the practical 
idealism, of the man whose early years were disciplined by hard experi- 
ence and who won business success in the keen individual competition of 
the last century. He has an honesty, not of the negative, myopic sort, 
but positive and keen in discriminating between the grades of good, bad 
and indifferent. With his record of fourteen years in congress from the 
Fifth District and of seven years in the senate, his position as one of 
Michigan's ablest sons needs no fortifying facts of rhetoric or apology. 
The brief facts of his career are as follows : 

William Alden Smith was born in Dowagiac, jMichigan, May 12, 1859. 
His parents were George Richard and Leah ^Margaret (Allen) Smith. He 
is a direct descendant of the original Abercrombie Smith of England, and 
his branch of the family settled at Salem, ^lassachusetts. .Senator Smith 
on the maternal side is descended from Henry Allen of Richmond, \'ir- 
ginia, a man very prominent in his city, and day. 

Senator Smith had all the adversities and difficulties with which many 
American boys have had to contend, and his training was in the highest 
degree individualistic. A common school education started him in life, 
and it was a deserved compliment to his self-won scholarship and the 
varied attainments of a profound mind that Dartmouth College in 1891 
conferred upon him the degree of Master of Arts. Senator Smith's home 
hasi been in Grand Rapids since 1872, when he was thirteen years old. 
About that time he took up the battle of life, and worked as a newsboy, 
was employed as a messenger in the Western Union Telegraph Office, and 
any work, so it was honest was not above him in those years. His in- 
troduction to the arena of legislation came with his appointment in 1879, 
from Hon. John T. Rich, then speaker of the house, as page in the lower 
body of the Michigan legislature. He studied law privately and tinder 
Grand Rapids lawyers, one of whom was Robert M. Montgomery, chief 
justice of the Michigan supreme court. Since his admission to the bar 
in 1883, Senator Smith has been identified with the bar of Kent county, 
so far as his enlarging business interests and public responsibilities have 
permitted him. 

He rapidly gained recognition as one of the leaders in his profession 
and had an extensive practice. Since March 17, 1906, Mr. Smith has 
been the owner of the Grand Rapids Herald. 

Senator Smith served as a member of the Michigan .State Central 
Committee for the Republican party in 1 88(3-1890-1892. ,In 1894, the 
Fifth ^lichigan District elected him a member of the Fifty-Fourth Con- 
gress, and his service in the house of representatives was continuous up 
to the beginning of the Sixtieth Congress, from 1895 to early in 1907. 
His election to the Sixtieth Congress came without opposition. On Janu- 
ary 15, 1907, Congressman Smith was elected bv the Michigan legislature 
to the office of United States Senator as the successor of Senator Alger, 
whose term was to expire on March 4, 1907. On January 28, 1Q07, Mr. 
Smith resigned his seat in congress, and Senator Alger having in the 
meantime died, he was elected on February 5, 1907, to fill out the unex- 
pired term of about one month, and took his seat as a member of the 
United States Senate on February 11. Six years of aggressive work in 
the senate made his return to that bodv almost inevitable so far as the 
judgment of the citizens of Michigan was concerned. In the meantime 
some changes in our political methods had occurred, and the choice of 



1980 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

United States senators has been largely removed from the hands of the 
legislature, — and no one had a more ettective part in that modification of 
old customs than Senator Smith — so that in 1912 he went directly before 
the people to secure his endorsement as candidate of the Republican party 
for the office. In the primaries he received one hundred and fifty thou- 
sand votes and at the same time the Democratic candidate for the office, 
Alfred Lucking, was endorsed by forty thousand votes, and nine thousand 
votes were cast for T. M. Joslin, the Progressive. In January. 1913, the 
legislature gave him unanimous election for his second term, which began 
with the special session of April, 1913. 

As to his record in public life, only the briefest reference can be made. 
No leader in the Republican party fought more consistently for primary 
reform than Air. Smith. That was while representing the fifth district 
in congress, and as some one has said in this, as in many other move- 
ments, Senator Smith was "progressive" in the davs when it was a mightv 
lonesome station in life. His opposition to the proposed Canadian treaties 
which treatened to rob Michigan of her invaluable water-power rights at 
Sault Ste. Marie, was conducted with such courage and tenacity that it 
earned him a comparison with the legendan.- Horatius at the Bridge. Into 
the senate he brought a new type of the aggressive honesty and devotion 
to principle, which was more characteristic of the west than of any other 
section of the country. Consistently with this character he voted on every 
occasion against tlie continued presence of Lorimer and Stephenson in 
the senate body. As a member of the committee on foreign relations. 
Senator Smith has again and again proved himself a foe of the so-called 
"Dollar Diplomacy." He was chairman of the committee on territory 
and did a very prominent work in securing the entry of Arizona and 
New Mexico as the last continental territories of the United States. His 
work as chairman of the investigating committee, on the Titanic disaster 
is still fresh in the minds of the ]niblic. and it is noteworthy that the fear- 
less maimer in which he carried on that investigation and impressed the 
lessons of the calamity was productive of reforms which have increased 
the .safety of ocean travel a hundred per cent, and that the continued 
need of vigilance in this direction is recognized by him, is shown by 
his prompt support of methods which might obviate some of the fatali- 
ties such as occurred in the disasters to the \'olturno. Both in private 
and business life, Senator Smith has been noted for his affability and for 
his direct sympathy with all who have a legitimate call upon his services. 
A successful man of affairs, he is a living example of the fact that high 
achievements in the business world are not inconsistent with an incor- 
ruptible integrity. Every honor paid him by the public has been worthily 
won, and it is not conceivable that William Alden Smith will grow less, 
but rather greater, in both his state and the nation. 

On October 21. 1886, Senator Smith married Miss Nana Osterhaut, a 
daughter of Peter Osterhaut. a prominent lumberman of Grand Rapids. 
Their son and only child is William .Alden Smith, Jr.. who was born 
April 2t. iSQj, was educated at St. Mark's Prejiaratory School, in South- 
boro, Alassachusetts, and in the University of Michigan, and is now sec- 
retary of the Grand Rapids Herald Publishing Company. William Alden 
Smith. Jr.. was married November 1 1, 1913. to Miss Marie McRea. daugh- 
ter of Milton .\. McRea of Detroit. 

H.\RRV CiU.w H.M.I.. An electrical engineer with a reputation for 
ability that classes him among the foremost in that industry in the state 
of Michigan. Harry Gray Hall is now managing extensive properties of 
the Eastern Michigan Edison Comjiany. in eastern Michigan, with head- 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1981 

quarters at Mt. Clemens. Like many otlier workers in this field, Mr. Hall 
is a young man, but at the age of twenty-seven has earned and qualified 
for a position that is of itself a tribute to liis thorough aljility and skill 
as an executive and technical expert. 

Harry Gray Hall was born in Mason, Michigan, July 3, 1886. His 
father, Fred M. Hall, was born in New York State, a son of George A. 
Hall, who came out to Michigan and settled on a farm near Mason. 
George A. Hall was born in England, and his settlement in Michigan oc- 
curred about 1855. Fred M. Hall has long been one of Mason's leading 
hardware merchants and successful business men, and at the same time 
has taken much part in local affairs, having served as township super- 
visor, as alderman and postmaster of his city, and always a worker for 
the substantial interest of his party. He is a Democrat and a Presby- 
terian. Fred M. Hall married Helen A. Gray, who was born in New 
York State and was brought to Michigan by her father, who was likewise 
one of the early farmer settlers near Mason. She is still living and the 
mother of four children. 

Harry Gray Hall, who was the third in the family, grew up near 
Mason, remained on the farm until fifteen, and found his first emplov- 
ment as clerk in the store of his father, at Mason. While there he thor- 
oughly learned all the details of the hardware trade, and developed his 
tastes and formulated his plans for a technical career. After three 
years of study in the engineering department of the Michigan Agricul- 
tural College, he moved to Detroit, and took up the active work of his 
profession. In 1904 he found employment as an underground cable man, 
with the Detroit Edison Company. A year later he was advanced to the 
engineering department, which retained his services until the spring of 
igio, in which year the Detroit Edison Company established the Eastern 
Michigan Edison Company, with Mr. Hall in the position of division en- 
gineer of the Oakland division. In the discharge of those duties, he 
lived at Rochester two years, and then returned to Detroit to take charge 
of the appraisal of all the Eastern Michigan Edison properties. That 
work kept him busy for one year, and he was once more brought into 
the practical field as electrical engineer of the Eastern Michigan Edison 
Company, with supervision over all the property of the company. In 
August, 1912, he was made division manager of the St. Clair division, 
with headquarters at Mt. Clemens. 

Mr. Hall is a Democrat, is member of the Masonic Lodge No. 70 at 
Mason, belongs to Rochester Chapter No. 137, R. A. M., and to the Coun- 
cil No. 8, R. & S. M. at ]\It. Clemens. He also belongs to the Business 
Men's Association of Mt. Clemens, to the Detroit Board of Commerce, 
Detroit Engineering Society, American Institute of Electrical Engineers 
and National Electric Light Association. At Detroit, on November 12, 
1906, he married Miss Edwina Lloyd, who was born at Detroit, a daughter 
of Harper A. Lloyd. Their home is at 16 Mosher Place 

WiLL.KRD James Nash. Although one of the younger members of 
the Saginaw county bar, Willard James Nash has nevertheless won an 
enviable place among his professional brethren and as a practitioner has 
secured' a liberal and representative clientage during the eight years of 
his connection with the courts of the county. He is equally well known 
in political circles and the signal services he is rendering his community 
in the capacity of member of the state legislature have placed him high 
in the confidence of his fellow citizens. Mr. Nash was born in Genesee 
township, Genesee county, Michigan, May 28, 1879, a son of Franklin 
and Rose (Albertson) Nash. 



1982 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

James Nash, the grandfather of VVillard James Nash, was born near 
the city of London, England, and was the founder of the family in the 
United States, settling in, Oakland county, Michigan, as a pioneer dur- 
ing the early 'forties. A well-known trail blazer, he continued to follow 
agricultural pursuits during the remainder of his life, and through in- 
dustry and perseverance became one of the substantial men of his day. 
Franklin J. iVash was born in Oakland township, Oakland county, Mich- 
igan, and there received a district school education and grew to manhood. 
When he embarked upon a career of his own he removed to Genesee 
county, and in partnership with Frank Jaques cleared and cultivated a 
farm of 240 acres. Several years later the partnership was dissolved, 
Mr. Nash disposing of his interests and removing to Lapeer county, 
where he became superintendent of the large farm belonging to Dike 
Cooley, with whom he remained as manager until 1889. In that vear he 
purchased a farm in Tuscola county, which he still owns. He also has 
large land holdings in Alberta, Canada. He married Miss Rose Albert- 
son, also a native of Oakland county, and they became the parents of 
five children, namely: Edna M., who became the wife of Fred Topping, 
of Alberta, Canada, an agriculturist ; Willard James, of this review ; 
Franklin Nash, Jr., connected with the United States mail service at Cass 
City, Michigan; Alvah Wood,, who is engaged in business at Bad Axe, 
Michigan ; and one child now deceased. 

Willard James Nash was granted excellent educational advantages in 
his youth, attending the public schools of Lapeer and Tuscola counties, 
and subsequently entering the Ferris Institute at Big Rapids, Alichigan, 
where he spent the years of 1901 and 1902 in preparatory work. Fol- 
lowing this he accepted a position as stenographer with the Anchor Line 
.Steamship Company, at Chicago, and during his leisure time while thus 
employed read law in the offices of King & O'Connor of that city, hav- 
ing decided upon, a professional career. Later, while still employed in 
the daytime, he took advantage of the opportunities offered in the night 
sessions of the John Marshall Law School. Chicago, and thus prepared, 
in 1903 entered" the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor. He was 
graduated from the law department of that institution in the class of 
1905, and in that same fall was admitted to the bar and began practice 
at Saginaw. About one year later, deciding there was a more prolific 
field for his activities in St. Charles, he came to this city, which has since 
been the scene of his success. He has pro\ed himself an earnest and 
untiring worker in the interests of his [irofession, and his devotion to his 
clients' interests is proverbial. Great care and precision mark his prepara- 
tion of cases, and before court or jury he is a logical, convincing advocate, 
commanding the respect of bench and bar I>y his strict fairness and un- 
failing courtesy. He is a valued member of the Saginaw County Bar 
Association, and at present is attorney for the State Bank of St. Charles 
and other large interests. Mr. Nash has long been connected with Demo- 
cratic politics, being widely known as a stump speaker in his district, 
and his personal popularity is shown by the fact that in the fall of 191 2 
he was elected to the .state legislature on the democratic ticket in a dis- 
trict strongly Republican. Fraternally, Mr. Nash is connected with St. 
Charles Lodge No. 313 of the Masonic fraternity and with the Foresters. 

On Line 24, 1908, Mr. Nash was married to Aliss Dona B. McLachlan, 
a native of Washtenaw county, Michigan, and a daughter of Donald P. 
and Catherine (Walker) McLachlan, natives respectively of New liruns- 
wick and Germany. Doctor McLachlan was a prominent physician and 
served as a member of the Forty-seventh state legislature. Mrs. Nash, 
who became acquainted with her husband while she was a teacher in 




%^^/:xj^>c^ 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1983 

the public schools of Ann Arbor, is a lady of culture and refinement and 
is widely known and very popular in social circles of St. Charles. Three 
children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Xash : Donald Franklin, who 
was born March 31, 1909; Willard \incent, born April 22, 1910; and 
Rebecca Jean, born January i, 1914, all at St. Charles. 

Wilfred C. Leland. General Manager of the Cadillac Motor Car 
Company of Detroit, Wilfred C. Leland, who succeeded his father in that 
position, has been identified with engine and motor car manufacture for 
a number of years, and is one of the best known business men of Detroit. 

Wilfred Chester Leland was born at Worcester, Massachusetts, No- 
vember 7, 1869. a son of Henry ]M. Leland, who was one of the most 
important factors in the development of what is now the great business 
of the Cadillac Motor Car Company. Mr. Leland was educated in the 
public schools of Worcester, also in the schools of Providence, Rhode 
Island, and attended both the L'niversity of Ohio at Columbus and lirown 
L'niversity at Providence. On leaving college he became associated with 
his father in the manufacture of machinery, especially in the product of 
marine and automobile engines. By successive stages the industry with 
which he became connected when a young man developed into what is now 
the Cadillac Motor Car Company and his own experience and skill have 
entered into the finished efficiency of the splendid machines that now bear 
the Cadillac name. . 

Mr. Leland is prominent in both business and social affairs in Detroit, 
belongs to the Zeta Psi college fraternity, afifiliates with Corinthian Lodge 
No. 241, A. F. & A. M., and is a member of the Detroit Club, the Detroit 
Boat Club, the Detroit Automobile Club, the Detroit Golf Club and in- 
numerable benevolent and trade organizations. He is an active member 
of the Westminster Presbyterian church and a member of the official 
board of the National and State Young Men's Christian Association. 

On June 2"], 1907, Mr. Leland married Miss Blanch Mollineau Dewey, 
daughter of the late Judge Dewey of Detroit. They have one son, Wil- 
fred Chester Jr., horn April 6, 1908. 

Hon. William B. Brown. Judge of the Circuit court of Kent 
county, William B. Brown has practiced law in Grand Rapids since 
1895, but during the greater part of this time has worked in public office 
and has made a record of singular efficiency in behalf of the public. 

Judge Brown was born in Kent county, Michigan, July i, 1865, a 
son of Hugh B. and Harriet (Lewis) Brown, the former a native of 
Scotland and the latter of London, England. They both came to 
America before marriage and began their home life in Kent county. 
Hugh B. Brown was a prominent farmer in Kent county, and for about 
forty years was honored with the office of justice of the peace. He died 
in 1908, and is survived by his widow, whose home is now in Grand 
Rapids. They were the parents of nine children, of whom Judge Brown 
was the sixth in order of birth. 

Reared on a farm, William B. Brown attended the district schools 
near his home until he was about sixteen years old. After six months 
of study in the Northern Indiana Normal School at \'alparaiso, in 1882, 
at the age of seventeen he taught his first term of school in his home 
district. In 1884 he returned to \'alparaiso for another six months of 
study, and continued teaching in his home county up to the spring of 
1889. Entering Olivet College, he took the scientific course and gradu- 
ated with the class of 1894. For a short time he traveled for the 
Franklin Educational Company, of Chicago, and in 1893 came to Grand 
Rapids, where he entered the law office of Alfred Wolcott, who was 



1984 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

then serving as prosecuting attorney of this county. Judge Brown from 
his boyhood on the farm has always had the faculty of being able to 
work hard and concentrate his mind, and these characteristics enabled 
him to advance rapidly in his preparation for the bar. He was admitted 
to practice in 1895, and then continued in :\Ir. W'olcott's office until the 
latter's term of prosecuting attorney expired, in January, 1897. In the 
meantime, at the end of 1896, j\Ir. Brown was elected circuit court com- 
missioner, beginning his duties in January, 1897, and was re-elected in the 
fall of 1898. His work as circuit court commissioner was followed by 
his election in 1900 to the office of prosecuting attorney, and by re-elec- 
tions in 1902 and 11x34 he served three terms, two terms up to that 
time being the customary limit of service in this office. However, the 
precedent was broken in the case of Mr. Brown. He then resumed the 
practice of law, which he continued from January i, 1907, to December 
31, 1908. In the fall of 190S he was again returned to the office of 
prosecuting attorney and re-elected in the fall of 1910, thus continuing 
in the office until February, 1912. At that time he took up the duties 
of circuit judge, to which office he had been appointed by Governor 
Osborne in December, 191 1. While in every case which came up during 
his tenure of the office of prosecuting attorney, Mr. Brown displaved 
the energy of the efficient and fearless prosecutor, it was in connection 
with the famous water deal scandal that he made a reputation placing 
him in the same class with such remarkable figures in modern public 
affairs as Joseph W. Folk. As this case is a part of recent historv it 
will not be necessary to more than mention it, but it is remembered as 
one of the most difficult on account of the tangled issues presented for 
the prosecution. Mr. Brown himself went to New York to bring back 
the invaluable witness Garman, and although Garman claimed he was 
offered five thousand dollars if he would go to Italy and refuse to be a 
witness, he was persuaded to return with Mr. Brown. Among other 
noted cases with which Mr. Brown was connected may be mentioned 
those of The People versus Jennie Flood, convicted of murder in the first 
degree in October, 1902; The People versus Sartori, also convicted of 
murder in the first degree, in (Jctober, 1909; and the Kilts Estate versus 
Kent County. Kilts was killed by the falling of the water tower at the 
county home. This suit resulted in judgment of no cause of action as 
to Kent county. 

In December, 191 1, Governor Osborn, as above stated, appointed 
Mr. Brown circuit judge, and he was regularly elected to that office 
in November, 1912. On the 30th of October, 1895, the Judge was 
united in marriage with Miss Mattie Patterson, daughter of Frank and 
Laura Stowe Patterson. They are the parents of two children, William 
Kenneth, born May 22, 1898, and now in high school, and Genevieve, 
born March 4, 1901, and attending grammar school. Judge Brown is a 
prominent Mason, belongs to a number of local societies and organiza- 
tions, and is a Republican in politics. His home in Grand Rapids is at 
153 Clifton Place. 

Joseph Walsh was born in the City of Port Huron in the year 1867 
and is the son of Thomas and ^lary J. Walsh. His father and mother 
were both born in Ireland and came to the City of Port Huron in the 
early days of the city. His early education was in the Port Huron 
Schools, following which he attended college at Sandwich, Ontario, and 
at the St. Michaels College, Tofonto. and the Toronto University. He 
took up the study of law in the law office of Alex R. Avery and later was 
admitted to the bar, February 21, 1889. For many years he was asso- 
ciated with Alex R. Avery and Lincoln Averv. the firm at one time be- 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1985 

ing known as Avery Brothers and Walsh. After the death of Alex R. 
Avery, the firm was known as Avery and Walsh. After many years of 
association between Lincoln Avery and Joseph Walsh, they finally sepa- 
rated. Mr. Walsh has associated his brother, William R. Walsh, with 
himself and they are now engaged in the practice of law in Port Huron 
under the firm name of W'alsh and Walsh. 

As a young man he became private in the Michigan National Guards, 
enlisting at Port Huron, and later was advanced to the rank of Captain. 
In 1896 he was appointed inspector general of the state, with the rank of 
Brigadier General. Two years later when the unpleasantness with Spain 
came to a head with the declaration of war, he became captain of Com- 
pany F, Thirty-third Regiment, Michigan Volunteer Infantry, with which 
organization he saw service in Cuba. On his return he was appointed 
major upon the staff of Governor Warner, and subsequently served in 
a like capacity upon Governor McGurrin's statT. 

James Hosking. The life experience of Mr. Hosking comprises a 
varied line of activities in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. He has 
been a merchant, a mining engineer, and it was his trend for mechanics 
and machinery that led him into his present field of work. He is now 
officially identified with the Munising Electric Light plant, has developed 
that public utility to a degree of splendid service, and through his work 
and his influence is regarded as one of the leading citizens of that city. 

James Hosking has spent practically all his life in the L'pper Penin- 
sula. He was born at Huron, Houghton county, Michigan, in 1863, a 
son of William T. and Elizabeth ( Spargo ) Hosking. His father died in 
1906 and his mother in 1898. The occupation of his father was that of 
mining captain in the copper and iron regions, j\Iuch of his work was 
as advance man in locating new properties. r)ne of his achievements 
was the location of the Isle Royal Mine at Huron. About fifteen years 
before his death he retired, and lived in comfort. There were eleven 
children in the family, and seven are now deceased. 

James Hosking, who was the third youngest in the family, attended 
school in the country and also at Huron up to the time he was fourteen 
years of age. When sixteen he found a job in weighing ore at the iron 
mines. When the Menominee range was first opened the Hosking fam- 
ily moved to that locality, and James worked in different capacities un- 
til he was twenty-two, in the meantime managing to save some money. 
In 1885 the family moved to Gogebic range, locating at Hurley, where 
his father had charge of several properties, and James assisted him in 
their management. That line of work did not give him a feeling of satis- 
faction and his discontent arose from the fact that he regarded his ac- 
tivities as the wrong sphere, since all his inclination was towards machin- 
ery and mechanics. As a result, he finally bought a half interest in a 
liardware business at Norway, Michigan. He was then twenty-five years 
of age. Six months later a fire brought this venture to a disastrous con- 
clusion, resulting in the loss of his savings and capital. An incident of 
the fire was that his young child was discovered to be in the burning 
building, and at the risk of his own life, and the suffering of some severe 
burns, Mr. Hosking rescued the boy. Such was his credit and reputa- 
tion as a young business man that he was offered a new stock of goods 
to enter business again. However, at the age of twenty-six he took 
charge of the machinery in a furniture factory at Eau Claire, Wisconsin, 
and remained there three years. In 1894 Mr. Hosking found work in 
the Concentrating Plant at Iron Mountain, Michigan, and in 1896 took 
charge of the plant of the; Iron Mountain Electric Light & Power Com- 



1986 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

pail}-. In 1898 and for three years following he operated a steam shovel 
for the Oliver Mining Company at Iron River. His ne.xt work was as 
chief engineer of the Electric Light & Waterworks plant at Norway. In 
1904 IMr. Belknap of Munising apjjroached him with the proposition to 
take charge of the Alunising Electric Light & Power plant. That brought 
him to his present field of endeavor. After several years as superintend- 
ent of the plant, in 1908 J\Ir. Hosking. in partnership with JM. A. Doty of 
Munising, bought the plant outright from :\Ir. Belknap. Mr. Hosking is 
now vice president and manager of the company and has full charge of 
its operation. Air. Doty is president and H. H. Hitt is secretarv and 
treasurer. The development of this public utility is the best illustra 
tion of Mr. Hosking's ability and business judgment. The plant at the 
beginning had a capacity of seventy-five kilowatts, and in the past ten 
years has been increased to three hundred and fifty kilowatts. The equip- 
ment has also been changed from a single phase circuit to a three phase, 
so that it can furnish power not only for lighting but also for motors 
without any interruption. The development of the plant is of course an 
illustration of the rapid growth of the town of Munising. An evidence 
of this is that the plant started with 120 meters in service, and now 
has 364. A noteworthy feature is that the plant has not been shut down 
five hours all told during the last five years, a continuous service in the 
highest degree commendable. At the present time the company is also 
installing a central heating plant. Seven men are employed, and they 
work six and a half days a week and are paid for the seven full 
days. It is a group of contented and loyal employes, and the one strict 
rule by which all abide is that the man found intoxicated either on or 
oft' duty is at once discharged. 

Mr. Hosking in order not to interrupt his regular work and at the 
same time increase his efficiency, took a course in mechanical and elec- 
trical engineering at the Scranton School of Correspondence, and that 
proved of great assistance in his present work. Mr. Hosking is a Demo- 
crat, is a member of the Iron Mountain Blue Lodge and of the Munising 
Royal Arch Chapter in Masonry. As a citizen of Munising he stands 
ready to help in even- enterprise for its best welfare. He is particularlv 
devoted to his home. In 18S8 occurred his marriage to Mary Elizabeth 
High, daughter of ^\'illiam B. and Sarah (Johnson) High, fonnerly of 
Ludington, Michigan, and now- deceased. Mrs. Hosking is a graduate of 
a convent at Oconto, Wisconsin. She is a Presbyterian, active in the 
Ladies' .Aid Society, and in the Woman's Club and the Eastern Star. 
Six children have been born to their union, two of w-hom are deceased. 
Those living are: Lina, IxTrn in iS8<); Oakley, born in 1892: Charles, 
born in 1900; and .\lineda, born in nx\V 

Fr.\xcis Thom.\s McDon.vi.d. The qualifications and characteristics 
desirable to the attainment of prominence in the legal profession are of 
so varied and peculiar a character that but few men are found to pos- 
sess them. A mind of more than ordinary activity, with great receptive 
power and equally retentive, a will strong to assert and indomitable in 
resolution and persistence, and a sjjirit unfearing and upright, are nec- 
essary assets. Perhaps it is in the profession of law more than in any 
other that these talents and gifts are given full play to assert themselves. 
The ]5rizes offered to the eminent are numerous and splendid, but talent 
alone cannot win : prolonged and close application must accompany. Of 
Francis Thomas McDonald, still in his thirties, however guardedly one 
must speak on the score of youth, it may be stated unhesitatingly that 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1987 

none of the younger generation of lawyers of Michigan gives noljler 
promise of future achievement. 

Mr. McDonald was born February 3, 1877, at Clarkson, Monroe 
county, New York, and is a son of James and Catherine (Foye) Mc- 
Donald, the former of whom, a farmer, died in 1889, while the latter 
survives and resides at Brockport, New York. After attending the 
Clarkson public schools, Francis T. McDonald became a student at Brock- 
port Academy, from which institution he was graduated at the age of 
eighteen years, and in 1896 entered the law department of the University 
of Michigan, receiving his degree of Bachelor of Laws and graduating 
with the class of 1899. At that time he was admitted to the bar of Mich- 
igan, and from I9C» until 1904 was connected with the law firm of Bissell, 
Carey & Cook of Buffalo, New York, of which President Cleveland was 
at one time a member. In the fall of 1904 Mr. McDonald came to Sault 
Ste. Marie, Michigan, which city has since continued to be his field of 
practice. Aside from his large and representative practice, Mr. McDon- 
ald has been almost constantly a factor in Democratic politics. He has 
been a member of the school board for three years, and at this time is city 
attorney. In 1908 he was the Democratic candidate for secretary of state, 
but owing to the large Republican majority met with defeat. In 1912 he 
was asked to make the race for lieutenant governor but declined, and in 
that year campaigned the state in the interests of President Wilson and 
Governor Ferris. He is counsel for McArthur Brothers Company, con- 
tractors, H. C. Johnson & Company, lumbermen of Drummond Island, 
Jerry Madden Shingle Company, of Rapid River, which is now operating 
in Trout Lake township, Chipiiewa county, and attorney for the Lon- 
don Guarantee & Accident Company, of Chicago, in their compensation 
cases. He belongs to the various organizations of his profession, and 
is prominent in the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, being past 
exalted ruler and a member of Soo Lodge No. 552. He is a member 
of the Soo Club and other social organizations, and belongs to the Ro- 
man Catholic church. Mr. McDonald has been a heavy investor in 
real estate in this vicinity. He is resident attorney for the American 
Surety Company of New York. 

In September, 1908, Mr. McDonald was married to Miss Mabel Ingle- 
hart, daughter of Jake and Frances ( McMahon) Inglehart, of Saginaw, 
Michigan, the former deceased, and the latter now residing with Mr. and 
Mrs. McDonald. They have one child: Francis John, born in 1914. 
Mrs. McDonald is a graduate of Loretto Academy, and has taken a promi- 
nent part in social and club life in Sault Ste. Marie, being a member of 
the Women's Reading Club and other societies. 

Hon. Sherman Theodore Handy. Many distinctions are associated 
with this well known citizen of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. For 
more than twenty years he has been engaged in the practice of law and 
his record has been such as to classify him, as one of the strongest at- 
torneys in the northern part of the state. Besides the various local offices 
which come in the matter of course to able young lawyers, and in which 
he made a record of special skill, he has served in the legislature, has 
performed a large amount of real public service to the entire district of 
upper Michigan, and at the present time is occupied with the office of 
mayor of Sault Ste. Marie and chairman of the board of public works. 
As a city executive he is not the kind of man to take his work as mere 
routine, and has exercised his influence for better and more efficient gov- 
ernment in everv way, and is particularly emphasizing the movement for 
a cleaner and more beautiful city. Mr. Handy is the only resident of 



1988 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

the Upper Peninsula who has membership on the hoard of directors of 
the Michigan State I- air. iiaving succeeded ludge Holden in that capacity 
in 1908. " ' -' 

Sherman Theodore Handy was horn at :\Iorpeth, Howard township 
Kent county, Ontario, April 3, 1867, and has an interesting record of 
family ancestry. He was the second of seven children born to Collins 
and Elizabeth Watson Handy, the former horn in Kent countv Ontario 
in 1838, and the latter at Port Hope, Ontario, in 184^. His mother died 
in 1895 and his" father in 1908. The grandfather, whose name was also 
Collins Handy, was born in Wallingford, Canada, April 7, 181 1, and died 
at Highgate, Ontario, January 7, 1908, being the oldest pioneer in Kent 
county. He attained the venerable age of ninety-eight years and nine 
months. The first Handys were Baltic mariners^ who entered England 
at the time of William the Conqueror. Another familv that earlv be'came 
connected with the Handys was that of Moss, which 'in 1704 was trans- 
planted from England to the State of Connecticut, and in a later genera- 
tion Lois, a daughter of Ebenezer Moss, married Henry Handy on No- 
vember 7, 1785, and the third of their five children was grandfa'ther Col- 
lins Handy. From Salisbury, Xew York, Collins Handy and a brother 
moved to Port Stanley in Ontario in 183 1, making the trip from Buffalo 
in a small sailing craft. From Port Stanley the brothers continued west- 
ward and erected the first houses in Oxford township of Kent county, 
and employed their skill in the erection of a number of other early dwell- 
ings in that section. . Grandfather Collins Handy married Rebecca Bald- 
win on April 22, 1833, and afterwards was associated with his father-in- 
law, Captain David Baldwin, in the buying and selling of grain and in 
other commercial enterprises. In 1832 they had charge of the mail serv- 
ice from St. Thomas to Madden, near Amherstburg, and at that time 
the only postoffice on the route was at Port Burwell. In 1835 Collins 
Handy bought from Captain Baldwin a lot in Howard township of Kent 
county, built a fine home, and sold the property in 1907, after it had 
been in his possession and his home for more than seventy years. Col- 
lins and Rebecca Handy reared a family of eleven children, third among 
whom was Collins Handy, Jr. The latter spent his entire life on the farrn 
where he was bom, and was one of the honored citizens of Kent county. 
He filled offices of trust in the locality, and was affiliated with the An- 
cient Order of United Workmen, and he and his wife were members of 
the Universalist church. 

Sherman T. Handy has had a career in which the chief elements of 
success have been his native ability and his splendid energy in creating 
for himself opportunities for advancement. As a boy ori an Ontario 
farm, he found plenty of work in the summer and was a pupil in the 
district schools during the winter months. In 1880. in line with his am- 
bition to get higher training, he became a student in the Ridgetown Col- 
legiate Institute, and paid his expenses by manual labor and other em- 
ployment through the summer seasons. His liniite<l resources made strict 
economy a necessity, and while in college he lived in a small room and 
boarded himself. \)\ the same system of self-denial and hard work he 
paid his way through Stratford University at Stratford, and was gradu- 
ated a member of the class of 1889. Then followed another summer of 
hard work on the farm, and in the fall of 1889, with some assistance 
from his father, entered the law department of the University of Mich- 
igan at Ann Arbor, and continued' a diligent student of the law'until grad- 
uated LL. B. in 1891. .After his admission to the bar. he came up into 
the Northern Peninsula in February. i8()2, and in that section of Mich- 
igan his career has been worked out, with what success has already been 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1989 

indicated. His first place of practice was Crystal Falls, the pioneer 
center of Iron county, and until the following July he was a member of 
the firm of Kairns & Handy, and then bought his partner's interest. With 
such energy and ability did he apply himself to his chosen profession that 
his novitiate was brief, and he was soon noted as an aggressive and de- 
termined lawyer who fought all his cases to a satisfactory termination. 
Mr. Handy was engaged in individual practice at Crystal Falls until 
July I, 1805. and until October, 1897, was associated with Frederick H. 
Abbott under the name of Handy & Abbott. In the meantime the people 
of Iron county had shown their confidence in his ability by electing him 
in 1894 as circuit court commissioner, and in 1896 prosecuting attorney. 
It was while prosecuting attorney of Iron county that Mr. Handy estab- 
lished his reputation as a lawyer beyond question. At the beginning of 
his term he was the youngest prosecuting attorney in the state, and his 
versatile ability in the trial of causes was shown in his successful prose- 
cution of Peter Bonds for the murder of Pearl Morrison of Crystal Falls 
on July 26, 1897. This crime was considered one of the most heinous 
ever committed in Michigan, and recently a writer referred to Bonds as 
one of the most hardened criminals in America. As a result of Mr. 
Handv's prosecution this criminal was convicted to a life sentence in the 
state penitentiary. In 1898 Mr. Handy was the choice of the convention 
for a second term as prosecuting attorney but at the succeeding legislative 
convention in the Dickinson District, after a deadlock lasting for a nimi- 
ber of (lavs, Mr. Handy was tendered the nomination as a compromise 
candidate, and resigned his place on the county ticket in order to make 
the campaign for the legislature. As a Republican he was elected to the 
legislature bv a good majority and saw active service during the session 
of i8()9-i90i. The district represented by him included Dickinson, Iron 
and Baraga counties. A special honor that was paid him while in the 
house was his choice as speaker pro tem in the session of 1901. It would 
be possible to dwell somewhat at length on his legislative record, but 
one instance must suffice. It was largely due to his brilliant opposition, 
his convincing and logical array of statistics, that the legislature refused 
to pass the bill imposing a tax of two cents per' ton on iron ore, a tax 
wdiich would have seriously injured the great industries of the Northern 
Peninsula. After the close of his legislative career another honor might 
have been his had not the obligations of his private practice caused him 
to decline the nomination for lieutenant governor, which was urged upon 
him by prominent members of the party. 

In 1901 Mr. Handy moved to Sault Ste. Marie, and has continued his 
career as a lawyer with increasing success and responsibility. Official 
honors followed him in his new home, and in 1907 he was elected city 
attorney and was re-elected for severalterms. In 1913 came his election 
to the office of mayor and chairman of the board of public works. Mr. 
Handy is a man of engaging personality, has a large following of friends 
all over the state, and as a lawyer has few equals in his profession. In 
business affairs he has some important connections, including a director- 
ship in the Munising Veneer Company and in the Wynn Pneumatic Punc- 
ture Proo'f Tire Company. He and his wife are both memliers of the 
Presbyterian church, and fraternally he is identified with Bethel Lodge 
No. 358 A. F. & A. M., and has served as chairman of the Committee of 
.A.ppeals of the Michigan Grand Dodge;, with Sault Ste. Marie Chapter 
No. 129, R. A. M.: Crystal Falls Council No. 26, R. & S. M. : Sault Ste. 
Marie Commandery No. 47, K. T. ; and Ahmed Temple of the Alystic 
Shrine at Marquette. Mr. Handy is also a member of the Elks Lodge in 
Sault Ste. [Marie. 



1990 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

On December 31, 1895, Mr. Handy married Miss I,eora A. Anderson, 
\^•llo is a native of Dowagiac, Michigan, the oldest of three children of 
Rev. D. R. and Mary (Averill) Anderson. Her father was born at Paw 
Paw, Michigan, became ]3rominent as a clergyman of the Congregational 
church, and during the Civil war was chaplain of the Nineteenth Mich- 
igan X'olunteer Infantry, being captured and for some time held a pris- 
oner in the notorious Libby prison. Mr. and Mrs. Handv have one son, 
Theodore Anderson Handy, born Decemljer ig, 1896. 

Edwamj John Ciiateli.e. A man of broad thought and liberal 
opinions, energetic and enthusiastic in his work, Edward John Chatelle, 
of St. Ignace, is one of the popular newspaper men of Mackinac county, 
and as editor and proprietor of The Rcpublican-Nczcs. of above named 
city, is widely and fa\orably known. .A. son of Xels Chatelle, he was 
born, October 15, 1880, in Alanistee, Michigan. 

Moving with his family to St. Ignace in 1893, Nels Chatelle has 
since been a resident of that place, at the present writing, in 1914, be- 
ing eni])loyed as freight clerk on the railroad docks. He is quite active 
in local affairs, and is rendering excellent service as supervisor from t!ie 
Fourth Ward. To him and his wife, whose maiden name was Almira 
Haggerty, four children have Iieen born, three of whom are living. l''.d- 
ward John being the second child in order of birth. 

Spending his earlier years in Manistee, Edward John Chatelle there 
obtained his preliminary:; education. Coming with his parents to St. 
Ignace in 1893, he continued. his studies at the high school for two years, 
leaving in 1S93 to work in the sawmill of the J. A. Jameson Lumber 
Com])any. In i8c)r) he again entered the St. Ignace High school, which 
he attended a year, when he returned to his old position in the sawmill, 
and during the ensuing wiuter was employe<l in the lumber woods. In 
7898 he began an apprenticeship at the printer's trade in the office of 
the St. Ignace Republican, which was edited and published by P. D. 
Bissell, and there remained until icjo", during the latter part of the time 
being foreman of the office. Entering then into partnership with his 
father-in-law, T. W. F. Welden, Mr. Chatelle was for two years engaged 
in the timber business, investing in several large tracts of timber, and 
getting out logs, ties, posts and poles, an oi:ieration that proved very suc- 
cessful. At the end of two years the partnership was dissoKed, and Mr. 
Chatelle operated independently for one winter. 

On March i. 1910. ^Ir. Chatelle purchased the plant of the Repub- 
lican-Ncivs. which was a combination of the old St. Ignace Nnvs 
and the St. Ignace Republican, and embarked on his journalistic 
career. Pjuying new machinery and appliances of the latest approved 
modern style and manufacture, he has an up-to-date office in regard to 
its equipments. Under his wise and systematic management the circula- 
tion of his paper has been increased from a subscription list of three 
hundred and fifty copies to nine hundred paid-up subscriptions 
aside from the exchanges. This jiaper now contains eight pages of good 
reading matter, all home print, and as a wide-awake, progressive sheet is 
being published in the highest and best interests of the commdnity, Mr. 
Chatelle being a leader in thought as well as in action. 

Mr. Chatelle married, in 1907, Miss .Mice Welden, a daughter of 
Thomas. W. F. and Lavinia (Prpphet) Welden, residents of St. Ignace, 
where Mr. Welden is carrying on a substantial business as a lumberman 
and general contractor. Mrs. Chatelle was educated in the St. Ignace 
High school, which ranks highest among the educational institutions of 
M.ickinac countv. She is a member of the Methodist Epi.scopal Church, 



Tfii jri w row 
hIBLiCimAKY 



imHwmjt 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1991 

and an interested worker in the Ladies' Aid Society. ]Mr. and Mrs. 
Chatelle have one child, Welden John Chatelle, born December 23, 1908. 
Fraternally Mr. Chatelle belongs to St. Ignace Lodge No. 369, Free & 
Accepted Alasons; to the Mackinac Chapter No. 134 Royal Arch Masons; 
and is a member, and past chancellor, of Gateway City Lodge, No. 93, 
Knights of Pythias. He is a stanch Republican in politics, and has 
served as a delegate to different conventions, including a district con- 
vention that met at Ishpeming, two state conventions that met in Detroit, 
and in 191 1 was a delegate to the convention in Bay City that elected a 
delegate to the National Convention. 

\'iCTOR Joseph Lejeune. One of Detroit's most successful build- 
ing contractors and real estate men was born and reared and received 
his early training in Belgium, came from there a stranger in a strange 
land, successfully confronted all the conditions and competition, and 
though still in his early thirties has won a peculiarly successful place in 
Detroit affairs. 

Mctor J. Lejeune was born in Flemalle Haute, province of De- 
Leige, Belgium, August 8, 1882, a son of William and Elizabeth 
(Noderdom) Lejeune. His father was a mason contractor in Belgium, 
and died at the old home in that country in 1895, when forty-one years 
of age. His widow is still living and in Belgium. 

The common schools of his native town afforded \'ictor J. Lejeune 
the fundamentals of a literary training, but he became practically self 
supporting when twelve years of age, and thereafter his education was 
acquired by attending night school for six years. His first experience 
in the mason's trade was when he was eleven years of age, and he 
worked with his father until the latter's death. Three years were spent 
as a journeyman in Belgium, and in 1902 Mr. Lejeune crossed the ocean 
to the L'nited States, first locating in Toledo, Ohio, but after a year 
moved to Detroit. After one year of experience as a journevman he had 
the courage and enterprise to engage in contracting under his own 
name, and in the past ten years few of his competitors in that field have 
handled so large and important a business as Mr. Lejeune. 

The most of his work has been done in the Fairview district of 
Detroit, and among the many contracts which he has successfully 
handled may be mentioned the following: A ten-house terrace on 
Woodward and Monterey in Highland Park ; the Cowcy building on 
Park View avenue ; the Gladwin Park Theatre ; The Jefterson Avenue 
Hardware Company's building ; The Fairview Home Bakery ; the 
Kircheval-Fisher Hardware Company's building; the ten-house terrace 
on Jefferson and Baldwin avenues; the Michigan Electric building on 
Charlevoix avenue ; and many other apartment houses, private resi- 
dences, etc. In recent years he has contracted on an average for about 
one hundred and twenty houses annually. He is also extensively 
engaged in the real estate business, being the senior member of the firm 
of Lejeune & Rivard, and they handle all classes of Detroit real estate 
and also build and sell homes. 

Mr. Lejeune is a popular member of the Wolverine Automobile 
Club. He married Miss Julia \\'hitmore, of Grosse Pointe, and they 
have two sons. 

Albert E. R.vnsom. During an active career of more than thirty 
years, Mr. Ransom has been closely identified with educational and news- 
paper work in Genesee county. He has been with the Flushing Observer 
since 1882, and the only important interruption to his career in an edi- 



1992 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

torial chair was the seven years spent as county commissioner of schools 
in Genesee county. 

Albert E. Ransom was born in I'lushing township, Genesee countv, 
April 23, 1858. The Ransom family has been identified with Michigan 
since the early days, and another branch of the same name produced 
former governor Epaphroditus Ransom. Mr. Ransom's parents were 
Robert C. and Angeline (Smith) Ransom. Roth parents were natives 
of New- York, and were brought to ^Michigan when children, the re- 
spective families having been among the early families of Genesee county. 
The father followed farming as his vocation, until his death in 1890 at 
the age of sixty-nine and was a man of substantial worth and much influ- 
ence in his community. The mother, who was born in 1825, died at the 
age of seventy-three in 1903. 

Mr. Albert E. Ransom, the fifth in a family of seven children, grew 
up on a farm, attended school in the country, and later graduated from 
the high school at Flushing. In preparation for school work he took spe- 
cial courses, and was master of district schools in dift'erent parts of the 
county. In 1882 he acquired ownership of the Flushing Observer, a 
newspaper plant which under his vigorous management at once was 
vitalized and the paper has since had a profitable circulation and a large 
influence on the thought and life of the community. He closed his active 
editorial connection with the paper in i8gi to take up his duties as 
county commissioner of schools, and held that position from i8gi to 
1807. With the end of his official term, he went back to newspaper work, 
and is still publishing the Observer. Mr. Ransom is a director in the 
People's State Bank of Flushing. 

As a citizen of his home community, he has been honored with every 
village ofince at Flushing, has served as township clerk, and was elected 
on the school board in 1888. In politics he is a Republican, and frater- 
nally is affiliated with the Masonic Order and the Genesee ^'alley Com- 
mandery. 

.-\t Flushing, in 18S0, occurred his marriage with Miss Elizabeth Grin- 
nell, a daughter of \\'illiam and Jane Grinnell, of Genesee county. Mrs. 
Ransom died in igoq at the age of fifty-one years, leaving one daughter, 
Agnes Ransom, who w-as bom at Flusliing, in 1886, graduated from the 
high school, and now lives with her father. 

Rev. Joseph L. Poulix, pastor of Xotre Dame de la \'isitation. at 
West Bay City, Michigan, was born March 16, 1866, at St. John's. 
Province of Quebec, Canada, and is a son of Louis and Malvina 
(Ducharme) Poulin. He is of French descent, and his paternal ancestors 
were among the very first settlers who came from France and settled on 
the St. Lawrence river. Louis Poulin was born in 1829, at St. Joachim, 
Quebec, and the mother in 1835. at Champlain, New York, and both still 
survive. Their family consisted of twelve children, seven sons and five 
daughters, of whom ten children are still living, and Joseph L. was the 
fourth in order of birth. 

Father Poulin received his early education at the College de L'.'^s- 
sumption, Province of Quebec, from which he was graduated in i88q, 
and took his degrees from Laval L'niversity. In the following year he 
entered Grand Seminary at Montreal, to complete his philosophical and 
theological studies, and was ordained priest, December 22, 1894, by the 
Archbishop of Montreal, the Rt. Rev. Edward C. Fabre, for the Diocese 
of Grand Rapids, Michigan. His first field of labor was Au Sable, 
where he was sent as assistant pastor January 10, 1895. and on November 
loth of the same year he was appointed the first pastor of St. Ann's 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN • • 1993 

church, Harrisville, Michigan, with charge of St. Raphael's Church, 
Mikado, and St. Gabriel's Church, Black River, Michigan. In the early 
nineties the congregation of St. Mary's, W'est Bay City, had become so 
large that it was decided to divide it and to organize the French mem- 
bers into another church. Land was secured at the corner of State and 
Smith streets, and in the fall of 1895 the work of building the basement 
of the church was completed, Ijeing built of stone, and for the past eigh- 
teen years services have been held here pending the completion of the 
church. When the new French church was first organized. Rev. John 
Sanson was appointed its first priest, and remained in charge until Feb- 
ruary 22, 1904, when he was succeeded by Father Poulin. 

Notre Dame de la \'isitation was consecrated June 21, 1914. by Rt. 
Rev. Joseph Schumbs, of Toledo, Ohio, after an outlay of $125,000, 
$100,000 of which will have been for the building alone. The frame- 
work is of steel, the exterior is of the finest grade of pressed brick and 
the interior is of purest Gothic design, and it is one of the finest church 
edifices in the entire Saginaw Valley. It is a matter of pride with its 
pastor and builder that not one dollar of indebtedness has been incurred 
in its erection and completion, but as the funds have been ac(|uired the 
building has continued to progress. 

Father Poulin, in addition to his large and constantly-growing congre- 
gation, has also the supervision of a parochial school wherein are taught 
eight grades, with an additional course of two years in commercial work. 
This school has an enrollment of 295 pupils and ranks among the lead- 
ing institutions in the state. The spiritual and material welfare of his 
congregation, together with the religious and educational development of 
his pupils, combine to make no small task, yet Father Poulin has been 
able to give his personal attention to every detail connected wnth the 
building of his church, and never tires of the many and varied duties 
imposed upon him. His labors have been zealous, long and faithful, and 
find their appreciation in the love and reverence of his people unto whom 
he has endeared himself by his great heart, his loving sympathy, his 
tolerance and his unbounded patience. 

Augustus C. Carton. Elected in 1912 as commissioner of the State 
Land Office of Michigan, Mr. Carton has had a long and varied experi- 
ence in public alTairs, beginning, it may be said, when as a boy he was a 
messenger in the House of Representatives, and one of the house clerks, 
and for a number of years now he has been identified chiefly with the 
land office or related affairs. 

Augustus C. Carton was born on a farm in the town of Clayton, in 
Genesee county, Michigan, August 15, 1871. His parents, John and Ann 
(McGuire) Carton, were both natives of Ireland, but first became known 
to each other at Flint, ^Michigan, after they had emigrated. They were 
married at Flint, and the father followed farming up to the time of his 
death in 1898, when he was in advanced years. His wife died in 1903 
when seventy-four years old. 

Augustus C. Carton grew up on the home farm, in Genesee county, 
attended first the district schools and later the FHnt high school, and for 
a time was a student in the Michigan Agricultural College at Lansing. 
It was while a messenger boy in the House of Representatives that he 
was appointed assistant engrossing and enrolling clerk of the house. On 
leaving college Mr.- Carton went into northern Michigan, and for three 
years was a "teacher in Ogemaw county. Another year was spent in a 
Chicago publishing house; after which he returned to Genesee county, 
and took charge of the old school in Clayton township, which he had at- 



19^4 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

tended as a boy. His service there as schoolmaster continued three terms. 
Returning to the northern regions of the state he became idenlitied with 
the lumbering and shingle industry in Ogemaw county, and there re- 
mained for about ten years, until his plant was destroyed by fire. At the 
end of that time, Mr. Carton took a clerkship in the State Land Office at 
Lansing, and following the enactment of the law of 1899 providing for 
the survey of the St. Clair Flats, he represented the state in that survey 
as business manager during 1900-1901-1902. As commissioner of the State 
Land Office he is a member of the Board of Control, which is settling tiie 
affairs of the St. Clair Flats. In 1904 Mr. Carton became agriculturist 
for the Tawas Sugar Company at East Tawas, Michigan, and remained 
there three years. In 1906 came his election to the State Senate from 
the Twenty-Eighth district, and at the end of one term he declined a 
renomination offered him unanimously. In 1910 Mr. Carton was ap- 
pointed deputy land commissioner and subsequently appointed secretary 
of the ptiblic domain commission, the duties of which he performed in 
addition to those connected with his office as deputy land commissioner. 
Mr. Carton has been the only secretary of the public domain commission, 
and as the duties of that office in the last three or four years since the 
commission was created have increased very largely, it became necessary 
for him to resign as deputy land commissioner, and give all his attention 
to the public domain body. The public domain commission by the law 
creating it is also an immigration commission for Michigan, and Mr. 
Carton was appointed the commissioner of immigration to carry out those 
functions of the commission. In 191 2 the Repul)lican State Convention 
nominated Mr. Carton for commissioner of the State Land Office, and in 
November of that year he was successful in election, and took up the 
duties of his office on January i, 1913. He still continues to perform 
the duties of Secretary of the Public Domain Commission, and also as 
commissioner of immigration. Ilis office as land commissioner makes 
him by law a memlier of the Public Domain Commission. 

In 1904 Mr. Carton married Miss Josephine Grace Hazelton, a daugh- 
ter of the late Elias Hazelton of Lansing. They are the parents of two 
children, namely : John Hazelton Carton, aged seven years : and Betty, 
aged fourteen months. > 

Hon. C.\RL E. M.^pes. The Fifth Michigan district in November, 1912, 
sent as its representative to Congress, a prominent young Grand Rapids 
lawyer, who has been in practice in that city since 1899, 'i^d had previous 
legislative experience in both the house and senate of Michigan. Carl 
E. Mapes is a native of Michigan, his family having lived in the state 
since 1845, and comes of a prominent old family. The Mapes ancestors 
came from England in 1649 and settled in New York. There were 
twenty-three soldiers of the name who bore arms in the patriot army 
during the revolution, and several fought under General Washington and 
suffered with that leader at \'alley Forge. .-Vgain in the War of 1812, 
there was one Mapes who was a cajstain, and Col. Samuel Mapes headed 
a regiment from Livingston county, New York. Though many of the 
names have thus gained distinction in military affairs and have in vari- 
ous communities been honored with civil office, Carl E. Mapes is the 
first of the names to enter the halls of congress. 

Carl E. Mapes was born on, a farm in Kalamo township of I'"aton 
county, December 26, 1874. His parents were Silas W. and Sarah A. 
(Brooks) Mapes. His father was a native of New York state and came 
t(i Michigan in 1845. The parents are now living retired at Olivet, and 
durin" their active'career the father followed farming. For a number 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1995 

of years he served as president of a lire insurance company, and in his 
community held the office of justice of the peace and was otherwise hon- 
ored as a man of substantial ability. There were eight children in the 
family, four of whom are living, and the Grand Rapids congressman was 
sixth in order of birth. 

As a boy he grew up on a farm, attended country schools, and sub- 
se(iuently was a student three years in the public schools of Olivet, and 
two years in a preparatory school, and his regular academic work was 
taken during four years in Olivet College. In 1896 Air. Alapes entered 
the law department of the University of Michigan, where he remained 
three years. On completing his course at the University, he came to Grand 
Rapids, in 1899, and has since looked after an increasing private prac- 
tice and become a figure in political affairs. For four years he was an 
assistant in the office of the prosecuting attorney. In 1905 his first im- 
portant political honor was given him at his election to the lower house 
of representatives in which he served one term. In 1909 he was elected 
to the state senate and reelected in 191 1, resigning from that office to take 
a seat in the sixty-third congress in the spring of 1914. 

Mr. Mapes was married August 14. 1907, to Miss Julia Pike, daugh- 
ter of Abram W. Pike, an early settler of Grand Rapids. ^Nlrs. Mapes was 
educated in the Grand Rapids schools and the University of Michigan. 
They are the parents of two sons and a daughter : Robert \V., John P. 
and Jane. Mr. Mapes is a member of the Universalist church. Mr. 
Mapes is one of the Republican leaders in the Fifth District, as a lawyer 
he has his offices in the Widdecomb Building, with his residence at 239 
Morris Avenue. 

F. O. Gaffney. Cadillac has been the home and scene of lal)or of a 
number of men who have not only led lives that should serve as an in- 
spiration for those who come after them, but have also been of important 
service to their city and state through various avenues of usefulness. 
Among them must be numbered F. O. Gaffney, who has been successful 
in the practice of law, has been a prominent factor in the progress and 
development which have marked the city's growth, and has been re- 
peatedly honored by his fellow-citizens by election to positions of pub- 
lic trust and responsibility. 

Mr. Gaffney was born in Detroit, Michigan, February 21, 1858, and 
is a son of John and Ellen (Foy) Gaffney, and a grandson of Owen 
Gaffney and Matthew Foy, the grandparents on both the paternal and 
maternal sides spending their entire lives in Ireland. John Gaffney was 
born in Ireland in 1833, and received a limited education in the schools 
of his native country. He was a lad of fourteen years when he came to 
the United States and located in the city of Detroit, where durhig the 
next twelve years he worked as a laljorer. He was married there in 1857 
to Ellen Foy, who was born in Ireland in 1836, and two years later, seek- 
ing a home, walked to Livingston county, a trip of about forty-four miles, 
there renting a log house in a section known as Pleasant Valley. After 
a few months he returned to Detroit for his wife and child, and on com- 
ing back to Livingston countv commenced working by the day. _ He was 
industrious and enterprising, made the most of his opportunities and 
carefully saved his earnings, and eventually, with the help of his sons, 
purchased a tract of eighty acres of land, for which he paid $2,870. To 
this he added no acres some years later, and finally another piece of ten 
acres, so that at the time of h'is death, in 1886, he had 200 acres of good 
land. ' He was a Democrat in politics, and served three years as moderator 
of his school district. His religious faith was that of the Catholic church, 



1996 HISTORY OF AIICHIGAN 

as was that of his wife, who survived him until September, 191 2. They 
were the parents of eight children, as follows: Edward, a farmer of 
Lake City ; Adelbert J., Thomas H., William and Steven, all farmers of 
Livingston county ; Ella, who married Charles Russell, of Detroit ; and 
John, who is a mine driller of llihhing, Minnesota, and F. O., of this 
review, the first born. 

F. O. Gaffney was an infant when brought to Li\iiigston county Ijy 
his parents, and here he received good educational advantages, attending 
the district schools, the I'.righton High school, the Ann Arbor High school, 
and the University of Alichigan, at Ann Arbor, where he took a law course, 
although he did not graduate. In the spring of 1884 he was admitted to 
the bar by Judge Joslyn, and at once commenced practice at Lake City, 
where in July of the same year he formed a partnership with J. L. AIc- 
Clear. From 1886 to 1889 he served as postmaster of Lake City, under 
the administration of President Cleveland, and also was prosecuting at- 
torney of Missaukee county, but resigned that office in 1889. He was 
again elected prosecuting attorney in iSgo. was re-elected to that office, 
and was then beaten once and elected for two terms more. In the spring 
of i8qo he was elected president of Lake City, an office in which he 
served one year, and in 1893 ^'^'i* again sent to that office, in which he 
served thirteen years. \\ hile a resident of Lake City he also acted for 
sixteen years as a member of the school board. In the fall of 1906 Air. 
GafTney came to Cadillac and established himself in the practice of law, 
in which he has continued to be engaged with marked success. He has 
steadily advanced in the ranks of his calling, and his reputation as an 
able and learned legist has Ijrought him a large share of the city's im- 
portant legal business. \\ tienjie came here he had fully decidetl to re- 
main away from the struggles of the political arena, but his abilities 
could not long remain unrecognized, and he was finally persuaded by his 
friends to make the race for mayor on a nonpartisan ticket, although this 
is a Republican city. In the election that followed he defeated his oppo- 
nent, Charles C. Douhan, by fifty-two votes, on the largest ballot ever 
cast, although he was subse(|Uently beaten by Mr. Douhan by eigb.ty votes. 
In the meantime he ser\ed as city attorney during 1908 and 1909, and in 
1913 was elected one of the>commissioners to prepare a new charter for 
the city of Cadillac, which was subsequently accepted by the people. On 
January 15, 1914, Mr. Gaiifney received the appointment to the post- 
mastership of Cadillac, and this was confirmed by the Senate, February 
17. 19 1 4. He is giving the people excellent service in his official capacity, 
and, as in all his other offices, is evidencing his high regard for the re- 
sponsibilities of the trust and confidence [ilaced in him. While Mr. 
Gaffney 's l.-iw i)ractice has been heavy and the duties of his various offices 
onerous, he has found time to engage in various enterprises of a business 
nature. He is known in financial circles as one of the principal owners 
of the Missaukee County Rank and the Falmouth Lank, and is largely 
interested in farming and farming lands, lie is possessed of excellent 
organizing and executive ability, and took an active interest in organizing 
the Cadillac Turpentine Company and the Cadillac Chair Compan\-. and 
is now one of the directors of the Cadillac Chair Company. Honoral)le 
in business, loyal in citizenship, prompt and efficient in the discharge of 
public duty, and firm and loyal in his friendships, he may truly be ac- 
counted one of the foremost men in a commimity not lacking for men of 
stalwart character. He is a member of the Catholic church, and here 
also his influence has been felt, for he has been a liberal contributor to re- 
ligion, and is ser\-ing actively as a member of the board of trustees. He 
is also president of the State Federation of Catholic Societies. His fra- 






^mtc 



^i^M 



'"SV--^j^ 




^^J, 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1997 

ternal connections include membership in the Elks, the Knights of Colum- 
bus and the Catholic Knights and Ladies of America. 

On November 25, 1884, Mr. Gaffney was married to Miss Helena 
Miltner, of Livingston county, Michigan, and to them there have been 
born four children : Louise, who is deceased ; George, a resident of De- 
troit; Florence, who is attending Trinity College, Washington, D. C. ; and 
Mary, a high school student. 

William Franklin English, M. D. No other class of citizens 
has greater opportunities for practical social service than the physician, 
and by the very nature and force of circumstances surrounding medical 
practice, the profession calls for social service of the highest type. 
Among the physicians of Saginaw, whose careers have been distin- 
guished by special attainments, not only as individual practitioners, but 
also in the larger field of the public -health movement. Dr. William F. 
English is esteemed not only as a very successful physician, but as a 
practical philanthropist, and in recent years has done as much as any 
other one citizen for the betterment and improvement of those measures 
which safeguard the health of the public, particularly the school 
children. 

William Frank English was born at Jeddo in St. Clair county, Mich- 
igan, August 14, 1867, the son of a pioneer family in that part of the 
state. When he was small his parents removed to Sanilac county and 
settled at Mills, which became their permanent home. His father was 
a hard working farmer, and belonged to the old school of industrious 
and rugged citizenship. His parents were William and Mary Ann 
(Mills) English. His father, born in Canada, in 1832, came to Michigan 
at the age of twenty, settling on a farm in St. Clair county. He was in 
that section among the settlers who had cleared out the forest and made 
the first improvements in a wilderness, and his first habitation was con- 
structed out of rough timber and logs, and it was in that house that Dr. 
English first saw the light of day. The old cabin was still standing 
until a few years ago. The father continued farming operations up to 
within a few years, and then on account of feeble health retired, and 
was prevailed upon to make his home in peace and comfort with a son 
at Croswell, Michigan. The mother who was born in England in 1831, 
was brought as a child to Canada, where she grew up and was married. 
Most of her education was obtained from Canadian schools. Her death 
occurred at Sandusky, Michigan, in 1903, and her body now rests in the 
family cemetery at Mills, Michigan. 

Dr. English, seventh in a family of nine children, was not onlv born 
in a log cabin, but the first school he attended was conducted in a small 
wood building in Sanilac county. To reach that school re(|uired a 
walk of several miles back and forth each day, and its instruction was of 
a primitive character. He could attend school only during the winter 
months, and during the summer as soon as he was gifted with a boy's 
strength he helped his father perform the manifold duties of a farm. 
For a period of seven years Dr. English taught school in the "Thumb" 
country of Michigan. Later the family resources were such that he 
was able to enter the Northern Ohio LTniversity, but left that insti- 
tution before his graduation. By work in other lines he eventually 
accumulated some money, and then entered the medical department of 
Wooster University at Cleveland. Ohio, taking part of the course 
there, and then entering the Saginaw Valley Medical College, where he 
was graduated in igoo. In looking over the general field and selecting 
a place to practice, Saginaw seemed best adapted to his needs, and since 
IQOO his practice has been growing and has brought him not only many 

Vol. IV— ic 



1998 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

opportunities for service, but also tlie material success which his work 
has well merited. 

Dr. English is obstetrician and secretary to the staff of the Woman's 
Hospital of Saginaw, and surgeon to the Saginaw Coal Co., and the 
Saginaw, Flint & Bay City Railway. He is a member of the board of 
education, with which body he has been connected for a number of 
years, and he introduced and had passed the bill for the sanitation and 
medical inspection of the schools. The introduction of sanitary meas- 
ures into the schools is largely due to the energetic work of Dr. English, 
and it is a matter of pride that the health of the school children has 
materially improved since the beginning of these reforms. A local paper 
quoted Dr. English in March. 1909, with the following statement regard- 
ing the beginning of this important work; "In Saginaw several physi- 
cians volunteered to sacrifice time and expense for the benefit of public 
health to prove the efficiency of medical inspection at home. Beginning 
February i, 1909, free service was continued for a period of six weeks. 
During this time 470 pupils were examined, 233 notes of information 
were sent to parents, •j'] children were placed under medical treatment, 
and 85 excluded from school because of existing disease." 

Dr. English has membership in the County and State Aledical 
Societies, and the American Medical Association, and is one of the few 
members in Michigan who belong to the National Legislation Medical 
Department for the improvement of sanitary conditions in community 
life. He has written many articles on scientific subjects and medical 
inspection of schools. From a public article on the latter subject, writ- 
ten in 1909. by Dr. English, a few sentences may properly be quoted : 
"In assuming medical inspection the state does not trespass upon the 
domain of private rights; simply informs the parent of the needs of 
his child, which he would not otherwise know, and leaves the parent 
to meet those needs. By protecting the child the state protects itself by 
insuring efficiency of its citizens, not only on the education of intelligence, 
but on physical health and vigor. It is reasonable that if training in 
intelligence may be made mandatory, so, also, is the training for physical 
soundness and capacity. . . . Wherever established, the good results 
of such inspection have been evident. Epidemics have been avoided, a 
better classification as to the course of study has been worked out, and 
parents and teachers have come to know that it is safe for children to 
continue in school in time of threatened or actual epidemic, and the 
realization is dawning that it is unbusinesslike to figure too closely on the 
cost of the school doctor and disregard the cost of death and disease. 
If an education is to be attained at the sacrifice of health it is useless. 

"When the work is new, as in Saginaw, some questions may arise 
as to objections on the part of parents concerning interference with the 
family physician, or interruption with school work, etc., which it seems 
are not tenable if those connected with such supervision and the medical 
fraternity work together for the conmion interests of the movement. As 
to the legal aspect of the question, the board of education does not 
exceed to a great degree the power now exercised by sending cases of 
suspected illness home and requiring a certificate of good health for their 
return." 

Dr. English belongs to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the 
Saginaw Board of Trade, the Good Roads Commission, the Canoe Club, 
the Winter Chib, an Exclusive Eiterary Society, the East Saginaw Club, 
and other local organizations. 

At Marlette, Michigan, in 1894, Dr. English married Miss Kate 
Hager, daughter of .Abraham Hager. a well known pioneer. The doctor 
and wife have a beautiful daughter, Mildred David English, now six 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 1999 

years of age. Mrs. English is well known in Woman's Club circles, is a 
social leader, and is a vigorous exponent of the Woman's Rights move- 
ment, and the social centers work of the country. Dr. English has taken 
post-graduate work at various times in the New York and Chicago 
Post-Graduate hospitals. Fond of travel, practically all his leisure time 
is spent in that way, and his travel is most for pleasure and education. 
He and his wife reside in one of the finest homes of Saginaw, and have 
the facilities and the taste for the enjoyment of life, and at the same 
time he is performing valuable services to his fellowmen. 

Paul G. Taylor, bom at Port Huron on the loth of April, 1875, 
energetic in business as a young man, and of more recent years the head of 
an enterprise which adds materially to the prestige of his city in in- 
dustrial circles. Starting in the lumber trade in a humble capacity, by 
untiring energy he has developed a trade which extends all over this 
section of the state, and as president of the Center Lumber Company 
must be accounted one of the forcible business men of his city. Mr. 
Taylor is a son of Edward Bancroft and Maria Stryker (Newcomb) 
Tavlor, the former a native of Wisconsin and the latter of Pennsylvania. 

Edward Bancroft Taylor moved from Wisconsin to Pennsylvania 
prior to the outbreak of the Civil War, and there enlisted as a private in 
the Seventy-first Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. Almost 
the first engagement of any importance in which his regiment participated 
was that at Ball's Blufif, where Mr. Taylor had the misfortune to lose 
his right arm, in the explosion of a shell. This nearly caused his death, 
but a rugged constitution pulled him through and after some months in 
the hospital he was able to continue in the government service. He was 
given charge of the arsenal at Philadelphia, and continued in this re- 
sponsible position until the close of the war. In 1866 he came to Mich- 
igan, and here, in spite of the handicap of his misfortune was able to 
make a distinct success of his business operations. For many years he 
was the proprietor of a planing mill, located on the present site of Port 
Huron, was city comptroller for a long period, and during the last fifteen 
years of his life served as adjutant general at the Soldiers' Home, Grand 
Rapids, Michigan. He died April 28, 1910, aged sixty-nine years, after 
a long and useful career, in which he at all times merited the respect and 
esteem in which he was held by his fellow citizens. Mr. Taylor was 
married at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Miss Maria Stryker Newcomb, 
who was born, reared and educated in that city, and she still survives 
the father and lives at Port Huron. Five children were born to Mr. and 
Airs. Taylor, namely: Mrs. John M. Wright, a resident of Detroit. 
Michigan; Mrs. Edith Papson, who lives in Washington, D. C. ; John W., 
a business man of Century, Florida ; Edward B., whose home is in De- 
troit : and Paul G. 

The youngest of his parents' children, Paul C. Taylor, received his 
education in the public schools of Port Huron, following his graduation 
from which he secured an appointment as page to the speaker of the 
House of Representatives at Lansing, there continuing to serve through 
two terms. He then received his introduction to the lumber business, 
with Frank D. Jenks, of Port Huron, and continued in his employ until 
igio, in which "year was formed the Center Lumber Company, witli the 
following officers: Paul G. Taylor, president; Frank D. Jenks, vice- 
president ; and H. S. Owens, secretary. This company maintains offices 
at No. 1701 Stone street, and has grown to be one of the leading enter- 
prises of its kind in the city, the product being lumber and building 
material of all kinds. Mr. Taylor possesses excellent executive ability, 



2000 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

and the causes which have led to his success are to be found along the 
lines of well-tried and old-time maxims — honesty, fair dealing, perse- 
verance and fidelity — all these he has strictly adhered to, not alone upon 
his own part, but has also required the same qualities from his em- 
ployes. He is a member of the board of directors of the Port Huron 
Business Men's Association and of the advisory board of the Young 
Men"s Christian -Association, and is prominent in fraternal circles as a 
member of the Masons, in which he is senior deacon of the lUue Lodge; 
the Woodmen of the World, and the Hoo Hoos. 

On April 26, 1905, Mr. Taylor was married in Port Huron. Michigan, 
to Miss Helen Grace Wakeham, daughter of John C. and Mary A. Wake- 
ham, pioneers of Port Huron, who are still living in this city. One child 
has come to this union: Colniore Xewcomb, born Decemlier 26, 1908, 
who died at the age of twenty-two months. 

Frederick J. .\nd Christian Reitter. For many years the Reitter 
family have been identified with farming, business and civic affairs in the 
Saginaw \'alley, and for more than a quarter of a century the brothers 
above mentioned were a.ssociated in the development and management 
of the leading Gemian weekly newspaper of Northern Michigan, pub- 
lished at Saginaw under the title Post-Zeitung. 

The father of the brothers was Christian Reitter, who was born in 
Bietigheim, Wiirtemberg, Germany, came to America in 1849. atul 
settling in the woods of Saginaw county became one of the pioneers in 
that valley, and went through all the experiences and hardships of early 
settlement. Up to i86i he conducted a small country store at Blumfield, 
and in that year moved to Frankenmuth, where he followed the trade of 
carpenter, and under ap])ointment from President Lincoln he held the 
office of postmaster until 1865. In the latter year the family again re- 
turned to I'llumfield, and there the father exhibited his pioner enterprise 
by beginning the clearing of another farm. Frederick and Christian 
being the oldest sons, and then young boys with considerable strength in 
their bodies, had a good share of that pioneer undertaking. The family 
consisted of three sons and six daughters. In 1858 Christian Reitter 
married .\nna Marie Walz, a native of Egenhausen. Wiirtemberg. Ger- 
many. Both parents are now deceased and rest in Blumfield cemetery 

Frederick J. Reitter was born in Saginaw county, in Blumfield town- 
ship, Alarch 2(). 185Q. His education came from the country schools of 
the county, and in 1887 he and his brother Christian engaged in the print- 
ing business at Saginaw, and began the publication of the German 
weekly, the Saginaw Post. In 1898 they bought the Saginaw Zeitung 
and the Saginaw Sonntagshlatt, consolidating these enterprises under 
the composite title of Saginaw Post-Zcitmig. Both brothers were prac- 
tical men in the printing and publishing business, and while develo])ing 
an influential journal also built U]) a large |)rinting business. In \()oy 
they erected a modern brick building for the sole use of their ]irinting 
and publishing enterprise. In 1909 they bought out the George P. Smith 
Printing Company, and at that time incorjiorated under the firm name 
of F. & C. Reitter Company. On January i, 1914. the business was sold 
to Seeman & Peters. 

Frederick ]. Reitter is a nemocrat in jinlitics. a member of the tier- 
mania and Arbeiter Gennan Societies, and of the German Lutheran 
church. On Noxember 29, 1888. he married Miss Martha Stolz. who 
was born in Saginaw, daughter of George H. Stolz. Their two children 
are: Rose Reitter, a teacher in the pulilic schools; and Carl C. Reitter. 
a Lutheran minister at Terre Haute. Indiana. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2001 

Christian Reitter, the younger of the two brothers, was born in Sagi- 
naw county April 13, i860, was educated in the country schools, and 
became practically self-supporting at the age of thirteen, working for 
several years on the homestead with his father, and after 1887 taking 
an active part in the printing business with his brother. IJoth the Reitter 
brothers are stockholders in the Herzog Art Furniture Company of Sagi- 
naw. Christian Reitter lives at 1300 Germania avenue and owns other 
real estate in the city. He is likewise a Democrat in politics, has served 
as a member of the Board of Education, has been prominent in municipal 
affairs, having been a member of the Board of Police Commissioners, of 
which board he was president for two terms, was a member of the 
Saginaw Board of Trade, is a member of the Masonic Order, the Ger- 
mania and Arbeiter Societies and active in the German Lutheran church. 
On April 12, 1887, he married ^Maggie Fox of Saginaw. They have two 
sons : Raymond F. and Harold C. 

LoRix Marsh Page. The late Lorin Marsh Page was distinguished 
as one who had to his credit more than half a century of continued resi- 
dence in Grand Rapids, and it will not be denied that such a record is no 
empty distinction. He was born at Concord, \'ermont, on ^larch 28, 
181 1, and he died in this city in 1900, when he was eighty-nine years of 
age. The son of Enos Page, who was New England born and bred and 
who came to ^Michigan when late in life and spent his declining days 
with his son, Mr. Page was a resident of his native community until the 
year 1836. He had his early education in the schools of Concord, and 
also furthered his training by a course of study in a London (Ontario) 
Academy. He served an apprenticeship to the painter's trade, and when 
he was twenty-five years old came to Grand Rapids, then a small village, 
luit a growing one. For a time he occupied himself at various employ- 
ments, but eventually he drifted into the house painting business, in 
which he continued successfully for some time. He had, in school, given 
special attention to the subject of accounting and was regarded as an 
expert in that line, so that he gained considerable prominence as an 
auditor of accounts, and his services were in demand by the banks and 
merchants of the city, in which work he was occupied for a good many 
years. 

In 1837 Mr. Page was married in Grand Rapids to Miss Jane Soper, 
who was born in Dutchess county. New York, on the 28th of January, 
181 3, and was thus about two years younger than her husband. Darius 
\^'insom of Grand Rapids performed the ceremony that made them one. 
The wife and mother lived to the fine old age of eighty-seven years, and 
reared a goodly family of nine children, whose names follow : John, 
Fernando, Adeline, Charles F., James B., Enos, Jessie, David and 
Frances M. Of these, Fernando, Charles F., James B. and Enos served 
in the Civil war. Fernando lost both legs at the battle of Yorktown, 
\'irginia. and for thirty-two years he was gallery door-keeper at the 
House of Representatives in Washington. He is now deceased. Charles 
F. was killed at the battle of Spottsylvania Court House, and James B. 
and Enos still survive. 

ToHN Ball. Noteworthy among the earlier and more prominent 
settlers of Grand Rapids was John Ball, who was distinguished not only 
ior the honored New England ancestry from which he traced his de- 
scent, but for his own life and works. He was born at Tenny's Hill, 
Hebron, New Hampshire, November 12, 1794, and w-as a descendant in 
the seventh generation of John Ball, the immigrant, the line of descent 



2002 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

being as follows: John (i), Nathaniel (2), Nathaniel (3), Nathaniel 
(4), Ebenezer (5), Nathaniel (6), and John (7). 

John (i) Ball emigrated from WeUshire, England, to America in 
1650, bringing with him two sons, Nathaniel and John. He located in 
Concord, Alassachusetts, and was there a resident until his death. Natha- 
niel (2) Ball came from England with his father, and subsequently lived 
with his wife, Mary, in Concord, Alassachusetts. Nathaniel (3) Ball, 
born July 3, 1663, married Mary Brooks. Nathaniel (4) Ball. Septem- 
ber 7, 1692, married Sarah Baker. 

Ebenezer (5) Ball was born December 20, 1721. He moved in early 
life to Hollis, New Hampshire. In 1775 he was one of the "Minute 
Men,'" and during the Revolutionary war served for eight months as a 
member of Captain Reuben Dow's Company, with his comrades serving 
under General Prescott at the Battle of Bunker Hill. He married Sarah 
Gookin, and to them several children were born. 

Nathaniel (6) Ball was born in Alassachusetts. Januarv 24. 1751. He 
accompanied the family to New Hampshire, and. as the History of Hollis, 
that state, shows, was also a soldier in the Revolutionary war. Migrat- 
ing to Hebron, New Hampshire, he purchased a large farm on Tenny's 
Hill, and was there successfully engaged in agricultural pursuits until his 
death, the farm which he cleared and improved being now owned by his 
descendants. His death occurred Alay 30, 1834, when upwards of four 
score years of age. To him and his wife ten children were born, nine of 
whom grew to years of maturity. 

During the days of his boyhood and youth John ( 7 ) Ball assisted his 
father in the care of the home farm, in the meantime making the most of 
every offered opportunity for advancing his education. As a voung man 
he earned enough money by teaching to take a preparatory course at 
Franklin Academy, after which he again taught for a few terms. Having 
accumulated some money, although not enough to pay his expenses 
through the entire college course, he entered Dartmouth College, and 
when the time for his graduation came he was in debt to the college for 
$200. His classmates endorsed his notes, and he was graduated with the 
class of 1820, among the members of his class having been George P. 
Marsh and Rufus Choate. After leaving college Mr. Ball taught school 
and studied law in Lansingburg, New York, for two years. Deciding 
then to go South, he embarked, in New York City, for Georgia. The 
vessel on which he took passage was wrecked off the coast of Georgia, 
and the Captain was drowned. Mr. Ball, who was among the saved, 
reached Darien, Georgia, friendless and penniless. Soon securing a 
situation as teacher near Savannah, he taught there six months, and 
then returned to Lansingburg. He was subsequently admitted to the 
New York bar at Utica, and later was engaged in the practice of his pro- 
fession at Troy, New York, where he was elected justice of the peace. 

Soon after he had accepted that office, Mr. Ball's brother-in-law, 
William Powers, who owned and operated an oil cloth factory, was 
burned to death, and at the solicitation of his sister he assumed the man- 
agement of the facton,'. He was very successful as manager of the 
works, finding new marl^ets for the output of the factory, and paying 
all of the debts. He then turned the business over to his sister, Airs. 
Powers. In 1832 Mr. Ball joined a small company headed by Captain 
Wyeth of Salem, ^Massachusetts, and started for Oregon. The party 
went first to Baltimore, thence by train to Fredericksburg, Maryland, the 
terminus of the railroad, and from there by land and water to Saint Louis, 
Missouri. There he and his comrades met and joined a fur trader. Wil- 
liam Sublette, who was to command a party going across the plains. The 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2003 

united companies, consisting of eighty men, left Saint Louis on the i8th 
of April with three hundred horses and a lot of cattle that were to be 
slaughtered for food. These brave men safely made their way across the 
dreary plains, and over the rugged mountains, being the third party to 
cross the Rockies. In Idaho Mr. Sublette and his contingent halted, but 
Captain Wyeth with his little band of twelve men continued westward 
to Fort Vancouver, Oregon, arriving there on October 29, 1832, having 
journeyed continuously for seven months. 

Mr. Ball opened a school in that locality, his pupils being half-breeds, 
and in the spring of 1833 he sowed ten acres of wheat. He is now repre- 
sented in Oregon history as having been the first school teacher in that 
state, and the first man to sow w'heat. In the fall of 1833, having de- 
cided to make a change for better or worse, Mr. Ball sold his crop of 
wheat, receiving a sufficient sum of money to pay his passage to the 
Sandwich Islands. Stopping while en route at San Francisco, he there 
met General Fegeurao, and at Honolulu had the honor of dining with 
the king. Taking passage there in a whaling vessel, Mr. Ball sailed to 
Rio Janeiro. While in that city Mr. Ball formed the acquaintance of 
Captain Farragut, later known as Commodore Farragut, who was then 
in command of a man-of-war. Entering the Captain's service as a clerk, 
Mr. Ball made the homeward trip with him, landing at Hampton Roads 
on July 16, 1834. Making his way to his early home in Hebron, New 
Hampshire, Mr. Ball found his mother living, but his father had died 
while he was away. Returning then to Troy, New York, he resumed 
the practice of his profession, remaining there until 1836. 

Coming to Michigan in that year, he arrived in Grand Rapids on the 
i8th day of October. The following winter was an open one, and he 
spent much of his time prospecting in Kent, Ottawa and Muskegon coun- 
ties. In the spring of 1837 Air. Ball became a permanent resident of 
Grand Rapids, and dealt extensively in lands, in that business making 
many trips on horseback to Detroit. In the fall of 1837 he was elected 
as a representative to the State Legislature, and later he was appointed 
by Governor Barry to select the lands given by the United States to 
Michigan. In 1840 he formed a partnership with A. D. Rathburn, and 
was for several years actively engaged in the practice of law in Grand 
Rapids, where his death occurred in 1883. 

His wife, whose maiden name was Alary Webster, was born in Ply- 
mouth, New Hampshire, a daughter of Arthur L. and Ruth (Powers) 
Webster, and died in Grand Rapids, Michigan, in 1884. They reared 
five children, namely: Frank W., Kate, Flora, John H., and Lucy. The 
youngest child. Miss Lucy Barry, was for ten years librarian at the 
Grand Rapids Public Library, and has written several interesting papers 
on the early history of the city. 

Andrew C. Sisman. Among the general contracting firms of De- 
troit which have won prominence not only in this but in other cities of 
the state, one of the foremost is the Schmied-Sisman Company, of which 
Andrew C. Sisman is vice-president and treasurer. Mr. Sisman has been 
connected with the building interests of the City of Detroit for more 
than a quarter of a century, and his activities have contributed materially 
to the growth and development of a municipality which he has seen grow 
to a population of half a million souls. He is a native of Detroit, born 
February 29, 1868, a son of O. C. and Mary (Kalsow) Sisman, both of 
whom were born in Germany and came to America when they were chil- 
dren. The paternal grandfather, Louis Sisman, was the founder of his 
family in Detroit, while the Kalsow family was founded in this city by 



2004 HISTORY OF iMICHlGAN 

Charles Kalsow, the maternal grandfather. Mrs. Sisman passed away 
in K;o5, while the father is still living and makes his home in Detroit. 

Andrew C. Sisman was given good educational advantages in his 
youth, first attending the public schools and subsequently taking a course 
in the old Goldsmith's Business College. In 1884 he became office boy 
for the old firm of Xuppenau & Clark, where he received his introduction 
to the contracting business, and that firm later became \'inton Com- 
pany, contractors. When the new firm was established Mr. Sisman was 
made bookkeeper, and from that time on rose rapidly in the company, of 
which he eventually became secretary and treasurer and a director. In 
1908 Mr. Sisman left \"inton Company and assisted in the organization 
of the present concern, which was incorporated on June 1st of that year 
as the Schmied-Sisman Company, of which Air. Sisman became secre- 
tary and treasurer, and of which he is now vice-president and treasurer. 
This is now one of the largest general contracting firms in the State of 
Michigan, and among the numerous large and important structures in 
which it has executed the carpenter and interior wood work may be men- 
tioned : Large Y. M. C. A. addition, Detroit: Contagious Disease Hos- 
pital ; Universal Motor Truck Company building ; Knights of Columbus 
building ; Detroit Stove Works, warehouses ; Chalmers Motor Company, 
factory building and offices ; Morgan & Wright, warehouses : Normal 
Training School, Detroit; Louis K. Liggett Company's new building; 
Trumbull Avenue Presbyterian church addition ; J. L. Hudson Com- 
pany buildings. Woodward Avenue; and D. M. Ferry, residence, Crosse 
Pointe. 

They are also general contractors for the following: Brooklyn The- 
ater, Alichigan Avenue ; Garland Theater, Woodward Avenue ; Wood- 
ward Theater, Woodward Avenue; Forest Theater, Woodward Avenue: 
and Jewel Theater, Gratiot Avenue. . ... 

Other structures include the residences laf Major F. W. Fuger, Grosse 
Pointe; Mr. R. H. Webber, Irocjuois Ay.enue; Air. J. H. Brady, Grosse 
Pointe, and Mrs. Alary N. Parks, St.' Clair, Alichigan ; Parke. Davis & 
Company's laboratories, Rochester, Alichigan : General Alotors Garage 
building, Lafayette Avenue ; Crowley, Alilner warehouse ; Wayne Cigar 
Company ]3lant ; and recent addition to Belle Isle Bath House. In addi- 
tion to the abov-e, during the past year, they have built some sixty-nine 
dwellings, farm buildings, etc.. at Walkerville, Ontario, being general 
contractors on the same. 

Air. Sisman is widely known in business circles, and is a valued mem- 
ber of the Detroit Buil'derg & Traders Exchange, the Employers Asso- 
ciation and the Detroit Board of Commerce. He is also a director of the 
Gabriel Reinforcement Company, manufacturers of reinforcing steel for 
concrete construction. His fraternal connections include membership in 
Ashlar Lodge, F. & A. AL, Alonroe Chapter, R. A. AI., Detroit Com- 
mandery No. I, K. T. He also belongs to the Detroit Athletic Club, 
Detroit Yacht Club and the Detroit Church Club. 

In September, i8y6. Air. Sisman was married to Aliss Emma Tip- 
ling, of Detroit, and three children have been liorn to them : B. Andrew, 
born in 1899; Warren, born in 1902; and Aluriel, born in 1904. Air. and 
Airs. Sisman are members of Christ Episcopal church. 

From his youth. Air. Sisman's career has been one of constant in- 
dustry and steady advancement. Brooking no obstacles that would yield 
to determined, earnest and honorable purpose, he has worked his way up- 
w-ard in business life, and has been a valued representative of business 
interests in Detroit, where he is known for his thorough reliability and 
close adherence to a high standard of business ethics. 



^^^uZ. 






HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2005 

Alexander \V. Blaix, M. D. Among the most successful surgeons 
in Detroit is Dr. Alexander W. Blain, youngest son of A. W. Blain, Sr. 
Dr. Blain was born in Detroit, where he received his early education 
through attendance at the public schools and high school. He subse- 
quently entered the Detroit College of jMedicine and Surgery, from 
which he was graduated in the class of 1906, with the degree of !M. D. 
During his last three years at college he served as assistant to the late 
Dr. H. O. Walker, the eminent surgeon. 

Upon leaving college he was made resident surgeon of Harper Hos- 
pital, which position he held for two years, the last as chief of the resi- 
dent statt. Following his interneship the Doctor visited all of the western 
states studving the health problem of Colorado, New Mexico and Ari- 
zona and visiting the larger clinics from Chicago to San Francisco, and 
especially the Mayo clinic at Rochester, Minnesota. The summer of 

1910 he spent in Europe at the surgical clinics of England, Scotland, 
France, Germany, Switzerland and Austria. 

Dr. Blain, is at present attending surgeon on the staff of the Harper 
Hospital Polyclinic. He is surgeon, with the rank of first lieutenant, in 
the ^ledical Reserve Corps of the United States Army. He is instructor 
in Surgery at the Detroit College of [Medicine and Surgery. He has 
serA'ed as chairman of the surgical section of the Wayne County ^ledical 
Societ}', and as a member of the board of directors ; secretary of the 
Alumni Society of Harper Hospital and as a member of the executive 
board of the Alumni Association of the Detroit College of Medicine 
and Surgery and was formerly editor of the "Leucocyte," the official 
organ of that society. He is also a member of the American Medical 
Association and the ^Michigan State Medical Society, and the Tri-State 
^ledical Society. Dr. Blain was one of the four hundred representative 
American Surgeons which met in Washington in May, 1913, and organ- 
ized the American College of Surgeons. 

Dr. Blain has been active in scientific work aside from surgery, 
being interested in zoology and especially ornithology, the science of 
birds, and he was for three years editor of the Bulletin of the Michigan 
Ornithological Club. He is also a member of the American Ornitholo- 
gists Union. The Cooper Ornithological Club of California, the Wilson 
Ornithological Club, having been a member of the board of trustees 
of that society, and The Detroit Zoological Society and the Michigan 
Academy of Science. In 1906 the fellowship was conferred upon him 
by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and in 

191 1 he was elected a member of the Royal Society of Arts, of London, 
England. He is a collaborator in surgery of the staff of the Detroit 
Medical Journal and the International Journal of Surgery. Dr. lilain 
has been a frequent contributor to both surgical and zoological litera- 
ture, his writings during the past two years refer mainly to surgery of 
the neck, particularly goitre and surgery of the alidomen and cancer. 

Dr. Blain is a member of the Detroit Club, the Detroit Board of 
Commerce, the Detroit Yacht Club and the Royal Societies Club of 
London. England. He is also affiliated with Zion Lodge, F. A. ]M., King 
Cyrus Chapter, Detroit Commandery, Knights Templar, Michigan 
Sovereign Consistency, Moslem Temple, Order of the Mystic Shrine 
and the Greek letter society, Nu Sigma Nu. Dr. Blain's office organi- 
zation at 1 105 Jefl:'erson Avenue East, in the old Hunt homestead, is 
one of the largest and most complete in the state. Dr. Blain also main- 
tains the only private surgical research laboratory in the state. The 
doctor is a bachelor. 



2006 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

James H. Barnard, M. D. In comparing the various learned pro- 
fessions with the view of defining their relative usefulness to mankind, 
it is found that tlie verdict should rest with that of medicine. Other 
vocations minister helpfully to the needs of the ])eople, but none holds the 
importance of that of the healing art. The individual may adjust his 
differences with his fellow men without the aid of members of the bench 
or bar; his own religious salvation may be worked out without recourse 
to the ministratibns of the clergy; he may perfect himself in languages 
and the arts although unaided by the educator ; but his bodily welfare 
rests entirely upon the skill and services of the physician and' surgeon. 
From time immemorial each nation has had its men of medicine, and as 
civilization has advanced so have those who have conserved the bodily 
welfare of those who have made the advance possible, and today there 
may be found no body of men standing higher in dignity and prominence 
than the practitioners of medicine and surgery. 

Michigan is the home and scene of endeavor of some of the most 
skilled and learned men of the calling, and all of these are not found in 
the large cities, for many have preferred to remain in the smaller locali- 
ties, where their services may be of greater benefit to mankind through 
their ability to get into closer touch with the people. Through seven 
years of devoted and self-sacrifiqing service. Dr. James H. Barnard has 
become firmly established in the confidence and gratitude of the people 
of Tustin, Michigan, while his professional skill and wide learning have 
enabled him to reach a place of prominence among the medical men of 
Osceola county. He is a native Michigander. Ijorn at r.enzonia. Benzie 
county. March 21. 18^)4, and is a son of Alonzo and Mary E. (McDonald) 
Barnard. His grandfather, a native of \'ermont, left that state after the 
death of the grandmother, became a pioneer farmer of (Jhio. and there 
died at the age of ninety-three years, at Lorain. Alonzo Barnard was 
born June 2. 1817. at Peru, \'ermont, and was still a youth when he ac- 
companied his father to Ohio. He was ambitious to become an educator, 
but his father was in modest circumstances, and he was forced to teach 
country schools in order to secure the money with which to pay his 
tuition through Oberlin College, from which institution he was graduated 
in 1837. At that time he entered actively into the practice of his adopted 
calling, teaching at various points in Ohio and gradually forcing his way 
to the forefront. He was married August 10, 1854, at Pittsfie'd, Ohio, 
to Mary E. McDonald, who was born at St. .\ndrews. ^Manitoba, and 
they became the parents of five children, of whom three are still living: 
Sarah L., John J. and James H. For fifty years Dr. Alonzo Barnard 
was a missionary among the Indians in Minnesota and the Dakotas. and 
in the field of his labors gained national reputation. He was the first man 
to trv to redeem the Ojibway language, having text books printed for 
the Indians of that tribe, and was the first man to endeavor to translate 
the Indian language into English. Seven years prior to his death lie 
went to Pomona. Manistee county, Michigan, and there passed awa\' 
April 7, IQ05, his wife having died .\ugust 23, 1900. 

The early education of Dr. James H. Barnard was secured in the 
l)ublic schools of Bcnzonia. and after graduating therefrom he took up 
the study of medicine. .After some preparation, he became a student in 
the Grand Rapids Medical College, from which instituiiun he was gradu- 
ated in 1900, and immediately thereafter commenced the practice of his 
calling at Pomona, Manistee county. After seven years spent at that 
place he came to Tustin. and here has continued in the enjoyment of an 
excellent practice to the present time. His knowledge of the science of 
medicine is comprehensive and accurate, for he has always been a close 



HISTORY OF AIICHIGAN 2007 

student of the profession and has kept in touch with the progress 
and improvement which mark its advancement at the present. In the 
practice of his caUing he has made many friends, and his kindly, sympa- 
thetic nature has proved a valuable supplement to his medical skill His 
career has been characterized by devotion to duty in the various walks 
of life. Politically, Doctor Barnard is a Republican, but his profession 
has kept him too busily engaged for him to think of activities in the 
public arena. His fraternal connections are with the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows and the Masons, and he also belongs to the various or- 
ganizations of his calling. 

Doctor Barnard was married at Royston, Ontario, Canada, Septem- 
ber 3. 1903, to Miss Ethel M. Alexander, who was born in the city of 
London, England, received her early education there, came to the United 
States in girlhood, and is a graduate nurse of Butterworth Hospital. 
Grand Rapids. Doctor and Mrs. Barnard have two bright and lovable 
children : George A., who is nine years old ; and Alexander J., aged 
seven years. 

Hugh J. Jacksox. \Mien Hugh J. Jackson first arrived in the city 
of Flint it was under somewhat unfavorable circumstances for his visible 
assets consisted of five cents in money and a fairlv respectable suit of 
clothes. What was infinitely better, however, he possessed a stout heart, 
a strong and willing pair of hands, a determination to make a place for 
himself, and a native shrewdness that caused him to choose the lumber 
business for his field of activity, and withal he had no false pride to keep 
him from entering the business in a humble capacity. Today, as head of 
the Randall Lumber Company. Incorporated, he directs the operations 
of one of the largest industries of its kind in this part of the state, and 
is universally accounted one of Flint's most forcible and influential men. 

Mr. Jackson was born in Orleans county, Xev/ York, April 15, 1852, 
and is a son of William W. and Emily (Joyner) Jackson. His father was 
also born in that county, while his mother was a native of Sumner county, 
Tennessee, and both have been dead for many years. They were the 
parents of five children, Hugh J. being the third in order of birth. He 
was reared to agricultural pursuits, his father being a farmer, and re- 
ceived his education principally in the schools of St. Catherine's, Canada, 
where he lived until eighteen years of age. At that time his mother died, 
and he came to Flint, penniless and friendless, to seek his fortune. Here 
he soon secured employment with the lumber manufacturing firm of 
Begole, Fox & Company, where he received his introduction to the lum- 
ber business, and continued to remain in the service of this concern for 
two and one-half years. Succeeding this, he was connected with various 
lumber companies in the Saginaw A'alley and Bay Shore until 1875, 
then going to work for Pifer & Thompson, of Five Lakes, Lapeer county, 
continuing there until 1879. In that year Mr. Jackson took a trip to 
Middleport, Niagara county. New York, and there entered business 
with a brother, Thomas W. Jackson, but in iSSo returned to Michigan 
and located on the upper peninsula. He continued to be engaged in the 
manufacture of lumber, and in the fall of 1882 returned to Flint and 
entered into a partnership with Samuel C. Randall, under the firm style 
of S. C. Randall & Company, which was later succeeded by the firm of 
Randall, Newell & Company, and continued as such until 1903. Then 
was incorporated the Randall Lumber Company, Incorporated, with a 
capital of $200,000, of which Mr. Jackson has since been president. The 
yards and offices of this concern now cover three square city blocks, and 
Its materials are confined in large, well-built storage houses, of which 



2008 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

there are eleven in number. The yards have three railroad switches, 
which are adjacent to the storage houses and make the receiving and 
shipping of lumber an easy and inexpensive task. The yards also con- 
tain a large planing mill and manufacturing plant and ii dry house in 
which all manufactured articles are thoroughly seasoned before manu- 
facture. The product of the Randall Lumber Companv finds a ready 
market all over the United States and some fifty men are required to 
handle it. Throughout a long and active career Mr. Jackson's opera- 
tions have earned him a reputation for integrity, honorable dealing and 
strict probity, and in the management of his enterprise he is displaying 
signal business talents. He is a memlier of the firm and a director of the 
Imperial Wheel Compan)-, and a stockholder in a number of financial 
institutions, also having various and varied interests in Flint. In Masonry 
he has taken the degrees up to the Scottish Rite, and also holds member- 
ship in the Flint Country Club. He \vas one of the organizers and is a 
member of the board of directors of the Board of Commerce. He is a 
staunch Democrat and while not an office seeker has always been in- 
terested in community affairs, and served for five years as a member of 
the board of education. The good qualities he has manifested in all life's 
relations have won him the confidence and trust of his fellowmen and 
gained him those warm personal friendships which are not based upon 
honor, fame or success, but have their bases in individual character. 
With his family, he attends the Episcopal church. 

In October, 1879, Mr. Jackson was married to Miss Laura A. Buck, 
of Sheboygan Falls, Wisconsin, daughter of Lorenzo and Emily Buck, 
and she died in March, 1901, at Flint, leaving five children. Mr. Jack- 
son was married in 1904, at Flint, to Bessie B. Brow, the daugh- 
ter of Andrew J. Brow, a native of Detroit, Michigan. They have had 
no children. The Jackson home, pleasantly located at Xo. 525 Garland 
street, is one of the handsome residences of the city and is the scene of 
numerous social gatherings, in which Mr. and Mrs. Jackson dispense 
liberal hospitality to their many friends. 

Edward M. Lawsox. There is no position with which there is con- 
nected a greater amount of responsibility than that of the head of -1 
reformatory institution. In the old days there could be conceived nothing 
more forbidding, grim and devoid of all inspiration than the house of 
correction of a great state, but in these modern times the conscientious 
superintendent of such an institution voluntarily burdens himself with 
the moral responsibility of those placed in his care and endeavors to re- 
turn them to society with softened natures and worthy ambitions. Few^ 
men in the country are doing a greater work along the line of moral 
reform than is Edward M. Lawson, superintendent of the Michigan In- 
dustrial School for Boys. Connected with this institution since 1S89, 
when he joined its forces as a teamster, he has won promotion from 
position to position, and since 1906 has been its directing head, a capacity 
in which he has exerted a strong and far-reaching influence for good. 

Mr. Lawson was born February 20, 1861, in the city of Detroit, 
Michigan, and is a son of .Alexander and Mary Jane (Martin) Lawson. 
His father was born in Scotland, in May, 1S32, and there learned the 
business of saddlery and harness-making, a trade which he followed 
after emigrating to the city of Detroit in 1851. Subsequently he en- 
gaged in business on his own account, having a shop opposite the City 
Hall, and during the Civil war fitted out several companies of cavalry- 
men of this state with their ec|uii)ment for the service. In 1875 Mr. 
Lawson removed to Grand Ledge, Eaton county, Michigan, where he 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2009 

continued in business for several years, and then retired to his farm 
near that place, on which he has since resided. The mother, Mary J. 
(Martin) Lawson, was born near Sligo, Ireland, in 1833, and is still living. 

Edward AI. Lawson spent his early years in Detroit, where he attended 
the Tappan Union school until reaching the age of fourteen years. His 
family being in modest financial circumstances, it was necessary that he be- 
gin work at an early age, and as a youth he secured employment on a farm, 
being employed by one man for nearly seven years and thus early demon- 
strating his fidelity and close application. W'hen his parents removed to 
Grand Ledge, in 1875, he accompanied them, and remained with his 
father until 1882, when he began work in the lumber woods of northern 
Michigan. Here he displayed the ability to do his full share of the hard, 
unremitting work of the lumber camps, and received a training that has 
been of much value to him in later years. The year 1885 found Mr. 
Lawson seized with the western fever, and in company with a number 
of others he made his way to western Kansas and took up from the 
Government a homestead and timber claim, 120 miles ahead of the rail- 
road, a tract upon which he resided four years. He yearned, however, 
for the activities of the more populated regions, and in 18S9 returned tp 
Michigan and secured a position at the Michigan State Industrial School 
for Boys, as a teamster. After several promotions, earned through 
fidelity and industry, he was given charge of the farming department. 
During the administration of Governor Winan, Mr. Lawson engaged in 
farming at Grand Ledge, but in 1893. when the late J. Edgar St. John 
was appointed superintendent of the school, Mr. Lawson returned to the 
institution and became cottage manager and farmer. He was appointed 
assistant superintendent in Decemljer, 1896, by Mr. St. John, which posi- 
tion he held until appointed superintendent by the board of trustees. 
January 2, 1906. In his management of the affairs of the institution, 
Mr. Lawson has shown himself a thoroughly capable official, with much 
executive and administrative ability. He is a strict disciplinarian, but 
has at all times tempered his actions with sympathy, gainetl through a 
broad know-ledge of human nature, and has w^on the devotion and re- 
spect of his many youthful charges. An intensely' earnest man, with a 
supreme faith in his pupils, he continues to carry on a work that should 
place him among the most useful citizens of the state. 

Mrs. St. John, widow of J. Edgar St. John, paid a fitting tribute to 
Mr. Lawson"s faithfulness, by saying: "Xo man could have been more 
loyal to another than was Mr. Lawson to Mr. St. John : and when 
obliged to be away from the school, Mr. St. John said he always felt that 
his interests as well as those of the institution were in safe hands. I 
could make no better wish for him than that he might have as faithful an 
assistant and as faithful a corps of officers as did Mr. St. John." .At 
the time of Mr. Lawson's appointment to the superintendency, Treasrrei 
Horatio H. Earned said : "We considered Mr. Lawson distinctly the 
best man we could find for the place. He has been there si.xteen years : 
is thoroughly informed in regard to all the work in every department. 
He has the regard of the employes and of the boys. We believe, also, 
that his own career offers one of the best object lessons for those boys 
that could be put before them. He went there sixteen years ago as a 
teamster, and was steadily advanced in his work. We believe we have 
put him in a place where he will grow still more. There is one thing 
that can be said : Mr. Lawson never asked for the place. Neither from 
him nor from his friends has there been one word. He was aware that 
the board knew of his work there, and if he had any desire for the place, 
he rested in the fact that the board did know him. He was elected antl 



2010 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

then I brought him in from his work and introduced him to the board as 
supernitendent. He was nearly overcome with the surprise of it " The 
last several sentences will give a further insight into Mr. Lawson's char- 
acter. He has no false sense of modesty, vet has never thrust himself 
forward, but has plodded steadily forward, content in the rewards that 
his industry and fidelity to duty have brought him. It is to such men 
that our state institutions owe their success. 

In February, 1890, Mr. Lawson was married to :Miss Alice Russell 
of Grand Ledge, Michigan, daughter of Edward O. Russell, a native 
of New \ork and a pioneer of Alichigan, whose father built the nr-^t 
dam in Grand river, at Grand Ledge. Mr. and" Mrs. Lawson are the 
parents of four children: Edward R. Lawson, deceased: John \V., 
Robert and Alice. -Mr. Lawson is a Republican in politics, and his fra- 
ternal connections are with the Alasons and the Knights of Pythias. 

Emil C. Pokorxy. In the light of present accomplishment it would 
be interesting to recall the progressive steps by which a beautiful, well 
planned and sanitary city like Detroit of today, has emerged from the 
past through the skill and trained ability of its architects, contractors and 
engineers, the enormous range of whose activities have brought tweniieth 
century building to the highe.st point of durable art. Detroit is fortunate 
in being the home and business field of such professional men as those 
represented by Emil Charles Pokorny, Iniilding contractor and engineer, 
who has won deserved success. 

Emil Charles Pokorny was born in the city of Detroit, June 9, 1S77, 
and is a son of Cenek and Anna Pokorny. Emil Charles" attended the 
Detroit public schools until promoted to the eighth grade, at which time 
he decided to become self-supporting. He happened to have, however, a 
very sensible and practical father, one who realized as the son did not. 
that a future time would come when the lad would need the higher edu- 
cational training that boyish impatience led him to forego, and only con- 
sented that his son should leave school so early with the understanding 
that he continue his studies in a night school. Emil Charles accepted his 
father's ultimatum, although it entailed much self denial and very liard 
work, and under these conditions learned the sheet metal trade, subse- 
quently winning a correspondence school scholarship after taking that as 
a supplementary course. He continued work at his trade, but his ambi- 
tion prompted him to look to further advancement and he devoted as 
much time as possible to mastering the details of general building. In 
1902 he determined to still further advance himself, in another direction, 
and this resulted in his entering the Michigan Agricultural College, al- 
though he found it necessary to secure private tutoring in order to pass 
the entrance e.xamination. In the meamvliilc. in 1891). Mr. F'okornv had 
married Miss Ida Burger, who was born on her parents' farm in Livona 
township, St. Clair county. Michigan. She is a daughter of Anthony 
Burger, a member of an old family of that section. Mrs. Pokorny not 
only sympathized with her husband in his ambitions, but also determined 
to place herself under a private tutor and thus be prepared to enter col- 
lege with her husband, which admirable [ilan was put into e.xecution and 
husband and wife spent five years together in the college and together 
were graduated in 1907, both securing^degrees, Mr. Pokorny that of me- 
chanical engineer. During this period Mr. Pokorny found a way to 
more or less pay his expenses through his own industry, doing some of 
the slieet metal work on the college buildings and in the neighborhood, 
thereby not only relieving himself of all indebtedness but being able to 
accumulate enough capital to enable him to buy a lot at East Lansing, 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2011 

on which he built a house and occupied the same until his graduation, 
when he found no difficulty in disposing of it. In his subsequent career 
Mr. Pokorny has found his wife a real helpmate. She it is who draws 
the most of his plans, aids him by her intelligent advice and keeps his 
accounts. At the same time Mrs. Pokomy attends carefully to her house- 
hold duties and the rearing of their two children, Helen aged six years, 
•and Inez, aged three years. 

After leaving college Mr. Pokorny returned to Detroit and entered 
the employ of the American Blower Company, as heating and ventilating 
engineer, where he spent one year, since when he has been engaged in 
general contracting on his own account, mider the lirm name of Pokorny 
& Company, he being sole owner of the business. He has made a 
specialty of the building of flats, for which he furnishes all the plans and 
does all the work, including every line of building, employing his own 
carpenters, masons, painters, plasterers, plumbers and decorators, in the 
end turning over a completed structure. As mentioned in the opening 
paragraph, Mr. Pokorny has achieved remarkable success. Beginning 
in a small way in the poorer neighborhoods he has advanced year by year 
until, for some seasons, he has been mainly erecting in the restricted dis- 
tricts of the city, building the finest class of flats, many of which he has 
built on his own capital and later sold. He has erected twenty-eight 
family apartment houses, a large number of flats and many stores. At 
the time of writing, August, 1914, he has just completed, on his own ac- 
count, an eight-family apartment house of brick construction and 
modern architecture and equipment, at Nos. 50-52 Palmer avenue, east, 
in an exclusive neighborhood. Mr. and Mrs. Pokorny occupy their 
beautiful residence, a handsome brick house, modern in every particular, 
standing at No. 275 Lysander avenue. In the rear of his residence, Mr. 
Pokorny has erected a three-story building extending across three city 
lots, which is said to be the largest building plant owned by one man and 
also to be the best equipped plant for the business in Detroit Mr. Po- 
korny is a member of the Detroit Engineers' Society. 

D.wiD Walker McKeighan. On the pages of Saginaw county's 
business history, the name of David Walker McKeighan stands forth 
prominently as one who has been the architect of his own fortunes, who 
has labored long and faithfully and who has builded well. Obliged to 
cut short his studies at an early age, on account of the death of his father, 
he cheerfully took his place among the world's workers, and in the years 
that followed laid so firmly the foundations for his career that he rose 
rapidly to business success, and today is not only one of his city's sub- 
stantial men of business, but a citizen who has fulfilled every public duty 
devolving upon him. 

David Walker McKeighan was born November 21, 1S77, in the city 
of Cleveland, Ohio, and is a son of David and Alary (Corcoran) Mc- 
Keighan, natives respectively of Albany, New York, and Jersey City, 
New Jersey. The father, a railroad man, was for a number of years a 
train conductor, traveling on various lines out of Cleveland, and died in 
that city in i8q8, when fifty-two years of age. The mother, who still 
survives, is a resident of Flint, Michigan, making her home with her 
sons, John James, George W. and William McKeighan. There were nine 
children in the family of David and Mary (Corcoran) McKeighan, of 
whom three are now deceased, the others being: Thomas, of Malaga, 
California, secretary and treasurer of the Malaga Packing Company : 
David Walker, of this review: Jane, who became the wife of Paul AIul- 
hauser, of Cleveland, Ohio: John James, of Flint, Michigan: George 



2012 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

\\'.. of that irity ; and William H., also of Mint. The three last-named 
are in partnership at the AIcKeighan Drug Company, and are the owners 
of several leading pharmacies of Flint. 

David Walker AIcKeighan received his early education in the inihlic 
schools, following which he became a night student in the Cleveland 
Commercial College, an institution of which he was a pupil at the time 
of his father's death. The latter had been in very modest circumstances 
and the mother ^vas left with a large family, and accordingly David W., 
as the next to the oldest, was expected to contribute to the family sujjport. 
He was a lad of only thirteen years, yet he resolutely set to work to 
make the most of his opportunities, and while working at whatever hon- 
orable employment he continued his studies in the night school. In 1897 
Mr. McKeighan came to Saginaw, Michigan, with a coal testing com- 
pany, and in the meantime studied law in the office of Judge Kendrick, 
now judge of the Circuit Court of Saginaw county, with whom he re- 
mained one year, his next field of activity being at St. Charles, he coming 
to this city to become bookkeeper for the J. H. Somers Coal Company. 
After seven years of experience in that field of business, he felt com- 
petent to engage in business on his own account, and accordingly formed 
a co-partnership with Mark Allen, and under the firm style of Allen iS: 
McKeighan engaged in a modest way in the hardware and implement 
business. This venture pro\ed a successful one from the start and the 
association was continued from 1905 until 1910, in July of which year 
Mr. AIcKeighan purchased his partner's interest and since has continued 
to conduct the business alone. The enterprise has proved a profitable one 
in e\ery particular, and Mr. McKeighan now em])lovs a clerk to assist 
him in liandling the trade. He carries a complete line of the finest goods, 
uses modern and reliable methods, and is known as a man who can be 
absolutely depended ui^on. In addition to his splendid business and store 
building, 1.20 by 100 feet, he is the owner of a handsome residence and 
much \aluable city realty, and has a half interest in an eighty-acre farm 
adjacent to St. Charles. Mr. McKeighan is independent in his political 
views, and has acted in various official capacities, having served three 
terms as supervisor, three terms as president of the town, four terms as 
township treasurer and three terms as Village assessor. He has always 
proved himself faithful in the discharge of duty, and his signal services 
have won him the regard of the general ]>ublic, while his straightforward 
methods have made him friends among the members of all political 
organizations. With his family, Mr. McKeighan attends the Roman 
Catholic church, and has been active in its various movements and 
charities. 

In 1905 Mr. McKeighan was married to Miss Maud Allen, the esti- 
mal)le daughter of Mark and Adeline (Simmons) .Allen. She was born, 
reared and educated in St. Charles, and is widely and fa\orably known in 
social circles of the citv. Mr. and Mrs. McKeighan ha\e had two chil- 
dren: Iteatrice Mav and David Mark. 

Georcf. \\'. W'EADOCK. Admitted to the Michigan bar in 1876 and 
since the following year in practice at Saginaw, George W. Weadock 
has had a career of active practice that makes him not only one of the 
oldest but one of the best known members of the Saginaw bar. At the 
same time he has been identified with public affairs, and was honored 
with election as the first mayor of the consolidated city of Saginaw. 

The fourth in a family of seven children, George \V. Weadock was 
born at St. Mary's, Ohio, November 6, 1853. His parents, Lewis and 
Mary (Cullen) Weadock were natives of Ireland, brought three chil- 



THE MW TORK 
PUSIICLURARY 




L.8"«k»X A KB 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2013 

dren to America, and George W. was the first born on this side of the 
water. They settled at St. Mary's, Ohio, where Lewis Weadock was a 
practical farmer until his death on December 8, 1863, at the age of 
forty-three; his widow died October 11, 1876, at the age of sixty-one. 
Of the children three came to Michigan and all entered the law, T. A. 
E. Weadock being located at Detroit and John C. Weadock formerly of 
Bay City now practicing in New York City. 

George W. Weadock, for his early schooling attended the local 
schools at St. Mary's, Ohio, followed teaching for several years, and 
largely with the means acquired in this work entered the law department 
of the University of Michigan in October, 1875. In September of the 
following year he was admitted to the bar, and after a brief practice 
at Bay City moved to Saginaw in January, 1877. Foi" niore than thirty- 
seven years he has been an active and prominent member of the Saginaw 
bar. From 1878 to 1891 Mr, Weadock was partner of Hon. Timothy 
E. Tarsney. After the dissolution of that partnership Mr. Weadock 
took Miles J. Purcell as a partner, and that association was continued 
about fifteen years. After that Mr. Weadock's three sons, John Vin- 
cent, Jerome and Phillip S., became members of the firm under the 
firm name of Weadock & Weadock. 

At the consolidation of the city of Saginaw, Mr. Weadock was 
elected to the office of mayor on the Democratic ticket, and during two 
terms gave a wise and efiicient administration of local affairs. He has 
been honored with the office of president of both tlie county and state 
bar associations, is a member of the American Bar Association, and 
belongs to St. Mary's Roman Catholic church of Saginaw. 

On September 16, 1878, at Saginaw Mr. Weadock married Miss 
Anna E. Tarsney, a sister of Tiniothy, E. T.arsney. Mrs. Weadock at 
her death on March 16, 1893, left seven children, as follows : Lewis T., 
George L., John V., Barnard T., Mary Louise, Joseph Jerome, and 
Phillip S. All the sons have taken up the practice of law. On April 16, 
1896, at Grand Rapids, Mr. Weadock married Mary Grace McTavish. 
To this marriage were born four children ; Arthur, Mary Frances, 
Edward E. and Robert Emmet. 

Michael Chambers. While it is with that portion of upper ]\Iichi- 
gan known as St. Ignace that the career of Michael Chambers has been 
especially identified, his name is not unknown by reason of his public 
service and his standing as a business man in many other sections of this 
state. For more than forty years he has been active in local aft'airs as 
a member of the firm of Chambers Brothers, which were the first to en- 
gage in general merchandise at St. Ignace, and their enterprise has meant 
much in the development and upbuilding of that community. 

Michael Chambers was born in St. Ignace June 12, 1850, a son of 
John and Margaret (O'Malley) Chambers. His father and mother were 
both born iii County Mayo, Ireland, the former in 1801 and the latter in 
181 1, and for many years lived in St. Ignace, where the father died in 
1885 and the mother in 1897. Margaret O'AIalley had two brothers, 
Charles M. and Tally O'Malley, whose work as pioneers in the Upper 
Peninsula deserves some special mention. They located on Mackinac 
Island in 1834, several years before Michigan entered the Union, and 
were employed by John Jacob Astor, the founder of the great American 
Fur Company, whose operations extended throughout the Middle West 
and even into the far Northwest. Leaving the fur trade, they estab- 
lished a mercantile business of their own. They were both men of fine 
intellectual gifts and had been thoroughly trained in Ireland and also 
in the University of Montreal. Charles was elected a member of the 



2014 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

Michigan legislature in 1846-47, and was honored as speaker pro tern 
of the house. He was also chairman of the committee on education, and 
was the first signer of the report of the committee of a bill for the estab- 
lishment of the L'niversity of .Michigan. All visitors to Mackinac island 
recall the noted Island House, which was established as the first transient 
hotel on the island by Charles O'Malley. His public career included 
service as probate judge of Mackinac county and in the same ofiice in 
Delta county, after his removal to Escanaba. He was a resident of 
Escanaba when the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad was built into the 
Upper Peninsula. He and his brother Tully were prominent lumbermen, 
and the latter saw public service as sheriff of Mackinac county at the 
time the ]\lormons established themselves on ISeaver Island. In that 
official cai)acity he arrested a number of Mormons for robbing vessels 
at Beaver Harbor, taking a detail of United States troops then stationed 
at Fort Mackinac for the purpose of making the arrests. The Mormons 
were then at the zenith of their power under King Strang, and w'ere 
charged with the commission of many depredations on fishermen and 
settlers. 

John Chambers, father of Michael, in 184(1 immigrated to America 
on a sailing vessel, and from the city of Philadeli)hia made his way into 
the west and for a time was employed during the construction of the old 
Illinois and Michigan canal from Chicago to the Illinois river, and had 
his residence in Bridgeport, which is now included within the city limits 
of Chicago. In the spring of 1849 he moved to the Upper Peninsula of 
Michigan, establishing his home on Alackinac Island, where he was 
joined by his wife and children. The four children born in Ireland were: 
William, Bridget, Patrick and John, and after coming to America the 
other four children that came into their home were : Michael, Mary, 
Catherine and Charles. John Chambers for many years was identified 
with farming and fishing, and reclaimed a farm near Castle Rock at St. 
Ignace. Both he and his wife were Catholics, and he was a Democrat 
in politics. A man of sterling integrity and of fine mental powers, per- 
haps the best tribute spoken of him was contained in the following words : 
"He taught his children the essential elements of industry and straight- 
forward dealing, through which they have gained prosperity and financial 
independence." 

In the locality where he was born Michael Chambers attended the 
somewhat primitive schools, and early became acquainted with the duties 
of his father's farm, and also with the changing life and activities of 
this lake port. In 1870 he became associated with his brothers in the 
general merchandise business at St. Ignace, where they erected a store, 
and thus founded an enterprise which for nearly forty-five years has 
borne the original title of Chambers Brothers. 

The history of this firm is to a large degree that of St. Ignace as a 
commercial center, and a brief outline of its growth has appropriate con- 
sideration. The firm of Chambers Brothers began its career about the 
close of the Civil war and marked an important chapter in the history of 
modern St. Ignace. This city has three distinct historical periods. It 
was founded about the time Philadelphia sprang into existence, and the 
mission reports indicate it to have been a village of sixty houses, all in a 
row, in which lived ten professors and five hundred students. This was 
as earlv as 1700, and the Catholic mission at this ]ioint was one of the 
most important in t'he great wilderness of Northern .Xmerica at that 
time. Its existence as a modern city began in the latter half of the 
nineteenth century, when it again became a commercial point. Fishing 
and lumbering for nianv vears furnished the onlv means of existence to 



THE K£W fOKS 







c^^/il^l^ 




HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2015 

the inhabitants of St. Ignace, and fish and himber were the articles of 
commerce that were sent out from this northern country. The Chambers 
brothers saw an opportunity for doing a good business at St. Ignace in 
the supplying of the fishermen with merchandise. For this purpose the 
brothers opened a small store, and not long afterwards extended their 
operations by buying, packing and selling fish. Still later they also en- 
gaged in fishing, in which connection they utilized the gill-net and the old 
pound-net. In the height of their career as fishermen they operated two 
tugs, besides numerous smaller boats, and eventually built up a large and 
prosperous business, abandoning the industry only when the supply of 
fish became too small to make their operations profitable. Iw the mean- 
time their mercantile business had greatly increased, and for a time they 
conducted a branch store at Naubinway. In 1874 the firm of Chambers 
Brothers constructed the first dock at St. Ignace, and that was the prac- 
tical beginning of the town as a lake port. Since then they have erected 
a number of stores, and have become owners and improvers of local 
real estate. The present firm is composed of Patrick and Michael Cham- 
bers, their brother John having died in 1891. 

Michael Chambers has long enjoyed a secure place in the confidence 
of his community, has served it with eminent public spirit, and for two 
terms was honored with the office of mayor of St. Ignace. A higher 
honor came to him with his election to the state legislature for the session 
of 1899-90. While at Lansing Mr. Chambers gave close attention to the 
work of the legislature, and two points should be mentioned as showing 
his public spirit in behalf of his home community. He was the author 
of the bill known as House Bill No. 115, entitled: A bill to protect fish 
and preserve fisheries of this State by prohibiting certain deposits in the 
waters of the State, and to repeal Act No. 350 of the pulilic acts of 1865 
and all amendments and additions thereto — the immediate purpose of 
this bill being to protect the waters of the straits around St. Ignace from 
being used as a dumping ground by the lumber mills. He also intro- 
duced the bill to prohibit the fishing of nets in Les Churaux Island 
channels, Mackinac county. In 1902 Governor Wynans appointed Mr. 
Chambers a member of the board of control for the Michigan School of 
Mines at Houghton. The political allegiance of Mr. Chambers has been 
with the Democratic party, and he is a faithful member of the Catholic 
church, in which he was reared. Mr. Chambers is unmarried. 

Fuller Claflin. The Claflin family to which this well known De- 
troit architect and theatre builder belongs is one of the oldest and most 
prominent in America, and has given some notable figures both to poli- 
tics and to business. Governor Claflin of Massachusetts died in ic)05, 
and H. B. Claflin was a New York merchant who ranked with the 
Stewarts, the Fields and other merchant princes of America. The great 
drv goods house of H. B. Claflin Company of New York city has numer- 
ous branches in various cities, and one of them is located in Detroit. 

The family name is a corruption of the old Scotch name Mackcloth- 
lan. The founder of the family on this side of the Atlantic was Robert 
Mackclothlan, a Scotchman, who was in the Massachusetts Colony as 
early or before 1660. The records of the town of Windham in Essex 
county has an entry showing that on the 4th of November, 1661, "Robert 
Mackclothlan is accepted a townsman." A family tradition is that this 
pioneer settler was a Scotch soldier, and it is thought probable that he 
was one of the Scotchmen taken prisoner by Cromwell at the Battle of 
Dunbar, some of these prisoners having been sent by the Protector to 
New England. The name was changed to Claflin probably during the 



2016 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

first generation of its American residence. The direct line of descent 
from this Robert Mackclothlan down to the present is as follows: Rob- 
ert Alackclothlan ; Daniel (i); Daniel (2); Cornelius (i): Increase; 
Cornelius (2); Benajah ; Nelson; and Fuller. 

The founder of the Claflin family in Michigan was Benajah, in the 
seventh generation from the original American of that name. He was 
born in Windiiam, New York, on July II, 1812. On March 15, 1836, 
he married Polly. AI. Hatch, and his death occurred at Albion, Alichigan, 
^lay 7, 1890. He came to Michigan from New York state during the 
early thirties, and his settlement near Jackson made him a pioneer in that 
portion of -the state, which was then practically a wilderness. Subse- 
quently he moved to Iknton, in the same part of Michigan, and still 
later to Albion, where he and his wife spent the remainder of their lives. 

Nelson Henry Claflin, father of Fuller Claflin, was born at Benton 
near Jackson, Michigan, on Christmas Day, 1839, and on Christmas Day, 
1855, at Jackson, married Lucina Sheldon Blakeman. She was born at 
Union City, Michigan, June 25, 1842. Nelson H. Claflin was educated 
for the medical profession, and practiced with success and with eminent 
usefulness in several different communities. He was for a time at East 
Saginaw, later at Albion, and finally removed to Southern California. 
He was a member of one of the first regiments of Michigan soUliers who 
responded to President Lincoln's call at the beginning of the Civil war, 
and continued in service until the final surrender of the Southern troops. 

Fuller Claflin, who was born at East Saginaw, now a part of the city 
of Saginaw, on January 29, 1872, was about nine years old when the 
family moved from Saginaw to Albion, and about four years later they 
all went out to California. His education was principally received in the 
public schools of Michigan and California. In 1890 he entered the office 
of a San Francisco architect, and architecture has been his study and 
practical work throughout his entire career. In 1892 he became a mem- 
ber of the firm of Wood and Lovell, San Francisco architects, who made 
a specialty of theatre construction. When that firm subsequently moved 
its headquarters to Chicago. Mr. Claflin was left in charge of all its 
Pacific coast business. In 1895 ^^^- Claflin removed to New York city, 
and became a member of the firm of J. B. McElfatrick and Son, theatre 
architects, whose services were of national scope, extending to all states 
and cities. ^Ir. Claflin continued with that firm about five years, and 
eventually became a partner of E. C. Horn, a general contractor with 
ofifices in New Y'ork city. Together they built many theatres both as 
architects and contractors. Mr. Horn's death terminated the partner- 
ship, but Mr. Claflin continued building theatres, and in 1909 established 
offices in Detroit. He has built theatres in many cities of the Union and 
in Canada, and has a very notable record in Michigan, made since he 
opened offices at Detroit. Among others in the last half dozen years he 
has built the Family, the Garrick, the Gayety. the New Empire and the 
Forest theatres in Detroit, and also erected the Gladmer Theatre at Lan- 
sing, which is one of the finest theatres of the state. Other theatres in 
many smaller cities have been constructed on plans drawn In- Mr. Claflin. 
with the construction supervised from his office. 

Mr. Claflin married Plleanor R. Winslow, of New York city. They 
have one son, Graham Phillips Claflin. 

Jonx N. Kemp, M. D. In many respects Saginaw's leading physician 
and surgeon is Dr. John N. Kemp, who has practiced there upwards of 
twentv vears, whose patronage is found among the best families, who is 
himself one of the leaders in social and civic affairs, and whose career 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2017 

from every point of view has been one of successful accomplishment and 
gratifying attainments. 

John N. Kemp was born in St. Clair, Michigan, February i8, 1872. 
His parents were Thomas L. and Ellen (Crompton) Kemp. The father 
was born in Liverpool, England, a son of Rev. John N. Kemp, who emi- 
grated to America, and settled at St. Clair, Michigan, when Thomas L. 
was seven years of age. The Rev. Kemp took up a homestead and worked 
it in connection with his ministerial duties, and at the same time managed 
to rear his family and provide well for each one of them. Thomas N. 
Kemp spent most of his boyhood in St. Clair county of this state, had the 
ordinary district school education, and his occupation during his active 
life was chiefly in farming, at which he made a success above the average. 
His descendants will always pay him a tribute of honor also, because of 
his military record. In the spring of 1862 he enlisted in the Twenty-Sec- 
ond JNIichigan Infantry, and saw constant and arduous service until the 
end of the war. He was twice captured, and his hardest experience was 
the ten months in which he was confined in the notorious Libby Prison at 
Richmond, Virginia. After his exchange and release from that prison, 
he again took up arms and in the battle of Chickamauga was recaptured, 
and then spent six months at Andersonville, which was hardly less noisome 
as a prison than Libby. He went into the army as a sergeant, and came 
out with the rank of lieutenant. On reaching Michigan he bid down his 
arms and took up the quiet vocation of farming in which he prospered 
until the close of his life and his death occurred on the old homestead 
at St. Clair in 1904 at the age of sixty-three. His wife, who grew up 
and was married in Michigan, died at St. Clair in 1909 at the age of 
sixty-three. On his mother's side Dr. Kemp is descended from two 
patriots who saw service in the Revolutionary war. 

John N. Kemp, who was the second of four children, spent his early 
youth at St. Clair, attended the public schools until graduating from the 
high schools, and then entered upon an unusually thorough preparation 
for his chosen work. The doctor graduated in 1894 from the Detroit 
College of Medicine, continued his study in the Physicians and Surgeons 
Hospital at St. Louis, Missouri, and while there served one year as in- 
terne in the St. Louis City Hospital. During 1906 he took post-graduate 
work in the New York Post-Graduate College. The doctor began indi- 
vidual practice at Saginaw, in 1895. His ability to serve the people skill- 
fully, and with the best knowdedge of the science of medicine, combined 
with his personal popularity to bring him a large practice almost from the 
.start, and in later years it is generally conceded that no physician in the 
city has a more lucrative business than Dr. Kemp. Dr. Kemp is secre- 
tary of the County Medical Society and has membership in the State So- 
ciety, and the American Medical Association. Among other professional 
attainments he is house physician at St. Mary's Hospital in Saginaw, for 
ten years had charge of the County Hospital for contagious diseases, had 
charge of the county infirmary fifteen years, and is a member of the Sagi- 
naw Board of Health. 

In politics Dr. Kemp is Republican. He has taken the Scottish Rite 
degrees in ]\Iasonry, up to and including the thirty-second degree, also is 
a Knight Templar, is affiliated with the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks,, and the Knights of Pythias, and belongs to the Saginaw Club. 
At Cleveland, Ohio. November 25, 1896, Dr. Kemp married ]\Iiss Ethel 
Beelman, a daughter of M. P.. and ]\Iary Beelman, the former of whom 
is still living. The two children of their marriage are Beelman Kemp, 
born December 28, 1897, at Saginaw, and now a student in the local high 
schools ; Marion E. Kemp, born at Saginaw, January 19, 19CX), and also 
in hiCTh school. 



2018 HISTORY OF AIICHIGAN 

Dr. Kemp has in the course of his residence of practice at Saginaw 
acquired many interests outside of his profession in the more formal social 
and fraternal circles. He is interested in some of the leading industrial 
establishments, and his connection in a financial way with the Coats & 
Fordney Timber Company of Oregon, and the Fordney & Faucett Timber 
Company of Louisiana, Congressman J. W. Fordney of Saginaw, being 
one of the chiefs in these well known concerns. 

Dr. Kemp owns and resides in a splendid home in west Saginaw, and 
possesses a fine summer cottage at Higgins Lake, where the summer 
months are spent with his family, and in a colony composed of the most 
prominent citizens of Bay City and Saginaw. An ardent sportsman, the 
doctor enjoys nothing more than hunting and fishing, and every fall 
during the n^anth of November with a select party of associates, he spends 
two or three weeks in the northern peninsula, camping and hunting and 
pursuing the many interests of the wild and open woods. In his home 
Dr. Kemp has a number of fine trophies of his skill as a hunter, and 
several noble animals which have fallen before his unerring aim have 
been mounted, including a giant moose, which weighed two thousand 
pounds, and the head of which makes a magnificent specimen. Dr. Kemp 
is an expert automobilist, and has one of the fine cars seen on the streets 
of this city. 

Wii.i.i;\M H. Morris, M. D. A physician who stands high in his pro- 
fession and who has gained success through his own efforts, is Dr. Wil- 
liam H. Morris, who for more than ten years has been located at Port 
Huron, and has spent all his professional career in this state. 

I'.orn in Leeds county, Ontario, October, 1871, William H. Morris 
was the second of seven children born to Joseph and Mary Jane (Barker) 
Morris. Both parents were born in Ontario in the year 1844. The mother 
lived in New York City, during the period of the Civil war. Both are 
still living, their home being at Owen Sound, in Ontario. 

Dr. Morris attended the schools of Canada when a boy, and early 
began to depend upon his own efforts to advance himself in the world. 
He was a student in the collegiate institute at Owen Sound, and in 1892 
matriculated in medicine from the Trinity Medical College at Toronto. 
Later, in 1896, graduated from the Medical Department of the Western 
University at London, Ontario, and in the same year established his 
practice at Dollarville in Luce county, Michigan. That was his home un- 
til 1899, after which he spent a year at Mass City. Michigan, and was at 
Ewen in Ontonagon county, until 1902. Since then his home has been 
at Port Huron, where he has enjoyed a large and extending patronage. 
Dr. Morris was vice president of the St. Clair County Medical Society 
in 1909, and is a member of the State Society. While in Upper Michi- 
gan he was health officer of McMillan township, and has been interested 
in the cause of public health as well as in looking after his private prac- 
tice. He was High Court Physician in the high court of the Independent 
Order of Foresters, of Copper Penninsula in 1898-99. 

Dr. Morris is a Master Mason, and belongs to the Knights of Pyth'as, 
is a member of the Fpiscopal church, and has been president of the 
South Park Society Hall ever since its organization. At ^Nlaniuette, 
Michigan, in December, 1899, he married Miss Mary Moran of St. Clair 
county. Her father, Newell Moran, still living, was an early settler of 
"this state and went out with the Michigan Troops for service in the Civil 
war. Dr. Morris and wife have two children : Irma Irene, born at Ewen 
in ]March, 1901, and now attending the Port Huron schools; Flora Mar- 
garet, born at Port Huron, in Xovembcr, 1905, is also in school. 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2019 

Albert Berend Kli.se. Among the men foremost in Petoskey as iden- 
tified with Michigan industrial enterprises, those who have become known 
far and wide by reason of the magnitude of their operations and the vast 
extent of their trade connections, none there is whose personality is of 
a more interesting character or whose career has been more impressive 
or beneficial as an object lesson to the community at large than Albert 
Berend Klise, president of the Blackmer Rotary Pump, Power and Manu- 
facturing Company, a leading and successful business man and a pioneer 
lumberman of the state. A native son of Michigan, he was born near 
Schoolcraft, Kalamazoo county, October 29, 1863, and is a son of Berend 

A. and Anna (Howard) Klise. 

The Klise family was founded in the United States by Albert Klise, 
the grandfather of Albert B., and his brother, William, they coming from 
the Netherlands with the Van Ralte Company of settlers during the 
early 'forties. William Klise settled three miles south of Holland, 
Michigan, and hewed a farm out of the wilderness, spending the remain- 
ing years of his life in its cultivation. Albert Klise located on a prop- 
erty three miles north of that point, and also developed a farm, but did 
not long survive to enjoy the fruits of his labors, as his death occurred 
when he was but forty-five years of age and his widow was left to rear 
the family. At the time of his father's death Berend A. Klise was a lad 
of but twelve years, but he bravely started to work to assist his mother 
in the cultivation of the home fields, and subsequently, with a team of 
oxen took a man's place in the grading of the Detroit & Milwaukee Rail- 
road. At the outbreak of the Civil War he enlisted as a soldier in the 
Twenty-eighth Regiment, Michigan Volunteer Infantry, and upon re- 
ceiving his honorable discharge returned to his home and began mer- 
chandising, farming and lumbering, continuing to be thus engaged until 
his death in 1889. He was a man of industry and integrity, held a high 
place in the esteem of his fellow-men, and was known in his community 
as a helpful and ])ublic-spirited citizen. He was independent in his po- 
litical views, and, with his family, attended the Dutch Reformed church. 
His widow survived him until 1912, passing away at the age of seventy- 
one years. Three children were born to them, as follows : Martha, who 
became the wife of Edward Frick, and resides at Grand Rapids ; Albert 
Berend ; and John Albert, who is a prosperous business man of Granc* 
Rapids and manager of the Klise Manufacturing Company, manufac- 
turers of machine-cut moulding, etc. 

Albert Berend Klise secured his education in the public schools of 
Holland and the old Hope College, and at the age of fifteen years be- 
gan his business career in the employ of his father, commencing at the 
bottom and thoroughly familiarizing himself with every detail of the 
lumber business. At the time of his father's death he had been admitted 
to a partnership in the business, and following the elder man's demise 
went to Sullivan, Michigan, and engaged in the lumber and land busi- 
ness. Here his business grew to large proportions, and in spite of a 
disastrous fire in which he lost every dollar he possessed, he was able 
to build up a handsome and paying enterprise. Owing to the exhaustion 
of the forests in that section, Mr. Klise left Sullivan in 1895 and went to 
Sturgeon, Michigan, where he began business operations on a large scale 
and for three years was alone. In 1898, however, he organized the A. 

B. Klise Lumber Company, of which he still continues as the president, 
the firm now operating at Gilchrist, Michigan, where it owns large tracts 
of timber land and engages in manufacturing lumber, broomhandles, and 
other forest products, employing during the busy season some 200 or 
more men. 



2020 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

In 1906 ^Ir. Klise came to Petoskey and engaged in a general hard- 
ware business, under the style of the Northern Hardware Company, first 
taking stock in and later becoming sole owner of the largest hardware 
store in the city. In 191 1 he became interested in the Blackmer Rotary 
Pump, Power and Manufacturing Company, as a minor stockholder. 
This company, up to that time — a period of five years — had never been 
able to pay a dividend, but Mr. Klise, with unerring business judgment, 
decided that this iact was due to poor management, and succeeded in buy- 
ing enough stock to give him control of the concern. Knowing that he 
had a winning proposition, he then completely reorganized the company 
and began a systematic course of advertising, spending $7,000 for that 
purpose, to the consternation of the other holders of £tock, whose strict 
conservatism made them feel that such a course was fatal. In spite of 
the predictions of his associates to the effect that he was bringing ruin 
upon them, the business began at once to show the beneficial efl:'ect of 
Mr. Klise's methods, and during the first year of Mr. Klise's management 
the company paid its first dividend. The mill has been constantly en- 
larged and new hands employed to keep abreast of the increased business, 
eighteen men are now on the pay roll, and a great enlargement to the 
plant is contemplated in the near future. These pumps are now in use 
all over the world, including Chili. Argentine, New Zealand, Holland and 
Australia, while in the United States they have an enormous sale. The 
Blackmer Rotary Pump is constructed upon entirely new mechanical lines, 
dififering very materially in' every respect from any other rotary or cen- 
trifugal pump on the market. It is used by brewers, chemical works, 
cottonseed oil mills, bleachers, tanneries, soap factories, wine houses, dis- 
tilleries, farms, packing houses, ships, mines, water works, quarries and 
sugar refineries, and is used to pump water, kerosene, gasoline, linseed 
oil, cottonseed oil. bilge water, lard, butterine. lye. glue, varnish, milk, 
sugar, vinegar, asphalt, tar, etc. The office and factory of the company 
are located at the corner of Sheridan avenue and the G. R. & I. Rail- 
way. Petoskey, while the export office is at 24 State street. New York City. 
The present officers of the concern are : A. B. Klise, president ; G. S. 
Rice, of the Michigan Tanning and Extract Company, vice-president ; 
Leon Chichester, of the First State Bank, director; and O. C. Gregory, 
of the Petoskey Wholesale Grocery Company, secretary. Mr. Klise has 
various other interests and is a large property owner, having extensive 
tracts in Howell county, Missouri, and Mackinaw and Ontonagan coun- 
ties, Michigan, and a pleasant home in Petoskey. Fraternally, he is 
connected with the Masons, in which he is a Knight Templar, and a 
Shriner, and with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He is 
independent in his political views. 

Mr. Klise was married February 16. 1884, at Coopersville, Michigan, 
to Miss Minnie Shippey, a native of Jackson county, Michigan, and a 
daughter of Paul G. and Sophronia (Ashcraft) Shippy, natives of the 
Empire state and early settlers of Michigan. To this union there have 
been born two sons : Elmer L., born near Sullivan. Muskegon county. 
Michigan, ]\Iarch 19. 1885. educated in the University of ■Michigan, now 
a member of the Klise Lumber Company and a resident of Petoskey. mar- 
ried Bertha Crandle, and has had two children — Robert and Mrginia, 
both born in Petoskey, the latter of whom died in April, 1914, at the age 
of eight months ; and Bernard S., born at Sullivan, Muskegon county, 
in August, 1 89 1, studied law at Washington (D. C.) University for two 
vears, now manager of the Klise Manufacturing Company of Gilchrist, 
"^lichigan, married Miss Nellie Weaver. 

Mrs. Klise is one of Petoskey's leaders in social, religious and club 






^k 



^^y, 



^^j-. 







/M-c^ 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2021 

life, being an acti\e member of the Presbyterian cliurch, the Daughters 
of the American Revolution, several ladies' clubs, the Eastern Star and 
the White Shrine, and has traveled extensively. Mr. Klise has also 
found much pleasure in traveling, and spends a large portion of the winter 
months in southern climes. This record of a career that has been so 
strong and forceful, so active and honorable, is necessarily brief, but it 
is full of useful lessons and strong incentive. By his own energy and 
labor Mr. Klise has succeeded in achieving a high position, and what he 
has accomplished is due entirely to his ambitious nature, his patient en- 
deavor and his unwearying application. Systematic methods, prompt and 
decisive action under all circumstances, good judgment and tact united 
to a high sense of honesty, and an absolute fidelity in every undertakmg 
have, when in such combination, placed Mr. Klise in his present position 
and given him a reputation of which any man might be proud, the dis- 
tinction of being a truly worthy citizen, a helpful participant in his com- 
munity's activities, and a thoroughly representative Michigander. 

William B.^rie. This Saginaw merchant has a record as a business 
builder with only a few parallels in the state. With several hundred 
dollars of capital he opened a stock of goods in i860. He was pro- 
prietor, clerk, bookkeeper and looked after every detail of the business 
for a time. The history of the Barie store has since been one of steady 
progress, of reliable and straightforward dealing with the public, and 
for a number of years Mr. Barie has supervised a large department store 
with a staff of two hundred and fifty employes. It is possible to serve 
a community as well through a large business of this kind as through the 
avenues of public office, and the Barie store is not only a fine monument 
to the enterprise of a great merchant, but is an institution affording a 
very practical and necessary service to thousands of people almost every 
day in the year. ]\Ir. Barie is still in active affairs, though it is no longer 
necessary for him to keep his supervision directly over the management 
of the store, and much of his time is spent in travel in Europe and the 
south and west. 

William Barie was born at Detroit, ^Michigan, February 16, 1839. 
His father, William Barie, was born in Alsace, Germany, came to 
America and was married in Pennsylvania, his wife dying when their 
son William was a child. An early settler in Detroit, the senior Barie 
followed his trade as a baker and conducted a shop for several years. In 
1850 the family home was established in Saginaw, where William Barie 
Sr. was proprietor of a hotel, the Germania, on Water street until his 
death in 1857 at the age of forty-five. There were three children in the 
family, of whom the Saginaw merchant was the second in order of birth. 
His early education was given by the Saginaw public schools, and after 
his father's death he went to live with an uncle at Erie, Pennsylvania, 
spending several years while there as clerk in a grocery store. _ Returning 
to Saginaw with a capital of three hundred and ninety dollars in i860, he 
opened a small stock of groceries, and later added a line of dry goods. 
With the increase of his trade, he finally disposed of his grocery stock, 
and has ever since devoted his energies to the uplsuilding of a dry 
goods business on a scale which now makes the store one of the largest 
in the state. The Barie store occupies four large floors and annex, with 
thousands of feet of floor space, and its stock includes not only all kinds 
of dry goods, but general merchandising including furniture and a com- 
plete line of household equipments. Two hundred and fifty people are 
employed in this store as clerks and general office employes. 

William Barie is a director of the Bank of Saginaw, having served 
since its organization; has served as president of the Board of Trade 



2022 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

and has been director of same for many years, his membership going 
back forty-five years ; was one of the organizers of the Germania 
Turnverein, in 1856, and in early life one of its leading athletes; is a 
staunch Republican in politics and was an alternate delegate to the 
Philadelphia National Convention of 1900; and his church is the Con- 
gregational. 

William Barie was married at Saginaw December 11, 1S61, to 
Gabriel Otto, who died in the year 1890. To their union were born six 
children : William Barie, Jr., who was born at Saginaw and died in 
1909, while his father was on a European tour, was then forty-five 
years of age, and left one son, William Barie III; Adelia Schirmes, 
born in 1870, died in January 1912; Mrs. Elsie Barie James living in 
Saginaw ; Mrs. Tulia Barie Wesener is the wife of the vice-president 
and secretary of the Barie Dry Goods Company ; Mrs. Blanche Barie 
Bearinger lives in Saginaw ; Mrs. Otto Barie Rice lives in Saginaw. 

On July 16, 1901, Mr. Barie married Mrs. Emma Malette of Bay 
City. Mr. and Mrs. Barie spend their summer months in a very elegant 
residence at Saginaw, while the winter is spent either in travel through 
Europe or in Southern California. 

James H. H.-\vs, M. D. With residence and professional headquar- 
ters in the attractive village of Cass City. Tuscola county. Dr. Hays con- 
trols a practice whose large proportions and representative character in- 
dicate alike his distinctive technical ability and his personal popularity. 
He is recognized as one of the leading physicians and surgeons of this 
section of the state and as such is entitled to specific consideration in 
this publication. 

In the village of Jeft'erson, now known as Frankfort, Clinton county, 
Indiana, Dr. James Hampton Hays was bom on the 17th of September, 
187 1, and he is a son of William S. and Elizabeth (Allen) Hays, both 
likewise natives of the fine old Hoosier state, where the respective fam- 
ilies were founded in the pioneer epoch of its history. The genealogy of 
the Hays family in America runs back to a period antedating the war of 
the Revolution. William S. Hays was a farmer by vocation throughout 
his active career and he was but thirty years of age at the time of his 
death, which occurred in 1873, in Clinton county, Indiana, where he was 
born and reared. His marriage to Elizabeth Allen resulted in the birth 
of five children, of whom one died in infancy. Joseph .Allen Hays, eldest 
of the four surviving children, is a prominent agriculturist and stock- 
grower at Hemingford, Boxbutte county, Nebraska ; Loyal is a pros- 
perous farmer and stock man of Nanipa, Canyon county, Idaho ; Dr. 
James H., of this review, is the next in order of birth ; and William S. 
is a representative farmer at Xaponee, Franklin county, Nebraska. Mrs. 
Elizabeth (.Allen) Hays ultimately contracted a second marriage, becom- 
ing the wife of David Foster, in 1878. Of the five children of this 
union four are living, namely : Lawrence, Ellen, Mary and Charles. 
While on a visit in the home of her son. Dr. James H. Hays, of this re- 
view, in Cass City. Michigan, Mrs. Elizabeth (Allen) Foster was sum- 
moned to the life eternal, on the 17th of February, 1907, and her memory 
is revered by all who came within the sphere of her gentle influence. 

Dr. Havs passed the davs of his childhood and early youth on the 
home farm in Clinton county. Indiana, and after fully availing himself 
of the advantages of the public schools he accompanied other members 
of the family on their removal to Nebraska. There he finally entered the 
State Normal School at Peru, and after his graduation in this institu- 
tion he devoted two vears to teaching in the public schools at ^lason City, 



HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 2023 

. that state. His success in the pedagogic profession was instinctive and 
for two \'ears after his initial experience he was the popular suiierintend- 
ent of the village schools at Ansley, Nebraska. With a delinite purpose 
in view he had formulated his plans and had carefully conserved his earn- 
ings, and with the means by which he thus fortified himself he set 'forth 
to accomplish the desired end. In 1898 he was matriculated in the great 
University of Michigan, and in the medical department of this institution 
he was graduated as a member of the class of 1901, with the well earned 
degree of Doctor of Medicine. In the junior year of his medical course 
Dr. Hays gained valuable experience by serving six months as interne in 
the Jewish Hospital in the city of Chicago. 

After his graduation Mr. Hays went to Rockford, Ohio, and there he 
manifested his excellent judgment by devoting six months to practice as 
an associate of one of the oldest physicians and surgeons of that locality. 
At the expiration of that period, in the autumn of 1901, he established his 
residence at Cass City, Michigan, where he soon gained a substantial 
practice and where he has since continued in the successful work of his 
chosen profession, his practice ramifying into nearly all parts of the 
county and his friends in the community lieing in number as his accjuain- 
tances. The Doctor has insistently availed himself of every possible 
means of keeping in touch with the advances made in the sciences of 
medicine and surgery, and in the autumn of 1907 he completed a post- 
graduate course in the Philadelphia Polyclinic, in which institution he 
worked under the direction of the most eminent authorities of the metrop- 
olis of Pennsylvania and specialized in the diseases and treatment of the 
eye, ear, nose and throat. At the expiration of his si.x months' post-grad- 
uate course he was graduated in the Philadelphia Polyclinic with high 
honors. 

Dr. Hays holds membership in the Michigan State Medical Society 
and the American Medical Association, and he is affiliated with the 
Masonic fraternity and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. His 
political allegiance is given to the Progressive party, of which he be- 
came a memlier at the time of its organization, by transferring his alle- 
giance from the Republican party. He takes a lively interest in public 
affairs and keeps well informed concerning the questions and issues of 
the hour. As a citizen he is distinctively progressive and public-spirited 
and in his home city he is ever found ready to support measures and 
enterprises projected for the general good of the community. That his 
high civic ideals meet with objective appreciation is shown by the fact 
that at the time of this writing, in 1914, he is serving his fourth term as 
mayor of Cass City, a position in which his administration has been most 
admirable. The Doctor is a stanch supporter of temperance movements, 
he and his wife hold membership in the Presbyterian church, and he has 
been prominent in local educational aft"airs, as he served five years as 
chairman of the board of education of Cass City. 

On the 2d of July, 1898, was solemnized the marriage of Dr. Hays to 
Miss Anna McCoy, the ceremony having been performed in the city of 
Ann Arbor, site of the University of Michigan. Mrs. Hays was born at 
Yutan, Saunders county, Nebraska, and is a daughter of Peter R. and 
Mary (Rogers) McCoy, both natives of Pennsylvania. Peter McCoy and 
five of his brothers were gallant soldiers of the Union in the Civil war. 
in which Peter served nearly four years as a non-commissioned officer in 
Company I. Eighteenth Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. The maternal 
grandfather of Mrs. Hays likewise was a loyal soldier in the Civil war, 
as were also three of his sons. Peter McCoy established his home at 
Yutan, Nebraska, in 1868 and was one of the sterling pioneers and in- 



2024 HISTORY OF MICHIGAN 

fluential citizens of Saunders county. He died at Yutan in 1913. at the 
age of seventy-five years, his wife having passed away in 1897, at the age 
of fifty-two years. Mr. McCoy was a farmer by vocation, was an ardent 
temperance worker, and he and his wife were devout adherents of the 
Chui'ch of Christ. Of their twelve children Mrs. Hays was the fifth in 
order of birth, and of the others, seven are still living. Mrs. Hays was 
graduated in the Nebraska State Normal School at Peru, where she 
formed the acquaintance of her future husband, and for ten years she 
was a successful and popular teacher in the public' schools of her native 
state. She is a woman of gracious personality and is a popular figure in 
the representative social activities of Cass City, where she delights to 
extend to her many friends the hospitality of her attractive home. She 
is active in church and club work and is appreciative of the best in 
literature and science, to which she devotes much attention. Dr. and 
Mrs. Hays have two children — Luvern, who was born June 13, 1902, 
and James H., Jr., who was born May 14, 1905. 

J. Martin \'oorhees, M. D., ^I. O. ^Misfortune is not infrequently 
the medium through which individuals gain success. What at one period 
may seem to be the most discouraging of circumstances often proves to 
be what we are pleased to call the inexorable workings of fate, which 
change men's lives and direct them along lines in which they eventually 
attain positions of high eminence. A case in point is found in the career 
of J. Martin Voorhees, ]\I. D., M. O., of Lansing, who, in search of lost 
health, found not that alone but the vocation which was destined to be his 
life work, and in which he has become one of the best known men in the 
state. Doctor Voorhees was born at Newburg, Shiawassee county, Mich- 
gan, June 7, 1869, and is a son of George and Lydia (Gorham) Voorhees. 

George Voorhees was born at New Hudson, Michigan, in 1843, a son 
of George Voorhees, who was a pioneer of Oakland county. He was a 
graduate of the Michigan Normal school, at Ypsilanti, and taught school 
at New Hudson and Newburg, and subsequently was the proprietor of 
a hotel at Coruna. the county seat of Shiawassee county. From that 
point the father removed to St. Johns, ^lichigan, where he engaged in a 
wholesale mercantile business, and there his death occurred in 1872. 
Lydia (Gorham) Voorhees, the mother of Doctor A^oorhees, was born in 
Cattaraugus county. New York, the daughter of J. M. Gorham. Her 
father, a native of West Rutland, A'ermont, removed in early manhood 
to C)hio, where he was united in marriage with Miss Ruth A. Bascom, 
and subsequently went to New York state, from whence he came to 
Shiawassee county, Michigan.