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Full text of "A history of Monmouth and Ocean Counties, embracing a genealogical record of earliest settlers in Monmouth and Ocean counties and their descendants : the Indians: their language, manners, and customs, important historical events..."






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A HISTORY 



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./aONMQUTH AND @GEfiN iOiiNTiES, 

K M £3 R A CIXgY^^v 

GENEALOGICAL KECORD 

Of Earliest SiaTij.:ns t\ yl^^y,y^x^^:■>:^A xs\> Oceax Coun- 
ties AND TIIEil; DesCL'XIUNTS. 

THR INDIANS: 

Their Language, Manners and Customs. 
IHPOFTANT fiLSTORICAL EVENTS. 

The Revo] a uic nary War. 

Battle of Monmouti], 

The War of the R-cjellior:. 



<^no-:ijvcd ir> it, etc., ctv'. 



t.VZ)~. 



By EDWIN SALTER, 



KAYOXXE. X. J. : 

E. Gauonei: tt Sn-_ I'l-J.ljshor.s. 
1800. 



Gc 
974 

M75 
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1539315 



INDEX. 



Title Page i 

lii.tiSTitATiox- Portrait ol tho Anilior ii 

PretVeLy the Editor iii 

mutuary Norico ut' EJwiii Salter, tbe Aut!.<>r v 

j;ML;ra]j!!y < f tlio Aatli^r vii 

Table of Coiitt lits xi 

Sttiier I'auiily Crest r^v 

Iiitrfvlnctory I 

HiSTury of Mon'iiouth au'l Ocean Ccnnties .', 

All Aacieiit Patent II 

,. Po;,nder8 of Mounio.itli 11 

A Woma'., of C-MirKt- ! V.] 

A Mfuioralile Scene 14 

,-,-Tiie Pir^t Cu-Usli Sett'er of Xcv Jersey IG 

The ruril\i.3 P:.teuTees ]''. 

. Tli'^' Kb.Kle IsL.iid ^.ioniccva':h A->:r,rlation 17 

The Moruiioutn Pateut :^ t 

. Oo'amienceiiieut of Setth'tm uts 27 

..- The Firxr Le.,'i-l-;tive A>i',iiP!i\ 'i. New Jersey ;i2 

Biiyiag LfUid cif the Iieli it's IJ:', 

Monnunrth Conniy - Wht^ii KsT'ihlishe.l ;!il 

r>:-:.'ovc-ry of ')ce.;U (, niriuy M7 

. Old ?ilouiiiomh ];)eseriiie 1 hy au Am if :;t 'A'riter ;JS 

Old Aloiiui'-'ritb Pader tbe i>:r:e'ii id 

- — Causes ot rile Pevwiutioi;, cti; 4-2 

J'ostoii A.'k:io\il':dues }iM;uu!Oiith Ooijtii])nti<ias o^ 

If-.d.i.iu Claiiiis iii MoniiK'Uiii. O'-'-aTi, etc . . .IS 

MeiiiJ er>! of Provin.uai V-seiiddy .,.• . (;0 

A.'.avl;, l;l:-,tory of < ;ld M.ieniMiita ("2 

Tradit;o-ia:y ~-rories o' die Puna? -s i',i 

Indiaii Will, an Eeeei'Viio Ah'irij;ii'al '',7 

Peliaa P.'te:- 72 

A'j Tiidiaii i 'inner A Sav<iry 1 )i;^^. 73 

vq Cai't. \ViiUaM! 'I'oni 71 

■^ Priv>deeni;g 7S 

Pvivat, rriiiL; 1 innnv.; tut: IteV'ilaiiiiT) >S0 

< '!d Moruiicuth iJiiciie.r tin,' le'voiatiou .s.j 

Fveeji.'ld ia rli- iLe\'o!idin!i. ;.Hi 



CO 



:--* 



IVDEX. 

JTpj.er FreoLdUl -'^ 

old Tiiat-s -All Aufitmt Tavern r.i.iok •.'■"■ 

0!il Times iu Ocfaii Cuuuty '•'•' 

The Coiuiiic,' ot the ^\'h\^t^ Man Ill 

Tf'-.vusuiiis in Ocean Cunnt y ] lo 

Our Coast IIT 

Scenes iu Old ^louniontli ... 121 

Ancient xMai^s and Ohaits 121 

The IJevoln til. nary Wav Navies of SfJdi^rs 1: 

lb,- IJattlc of Mouniontli 1-' 

( Mil 'liiius in < »ld Monui'.iilb i<'.i'> 

The Atiack on tlif Ituss'.i! Faniiiy ITd 

i'bi:. WKitf^'s Capturt- and Death 172 

^^:lIlnaha^vke!l iu the ];i'v.>liitiou 171 

E^eention I'f :: Sfiy 1^2 

Cajft. Jeshna llnddv. tlie ir-M-c (if Ti/nis Itiver is3 

Toi.is River TJiuiiiLT the llevolation . I'.Jl 

.['rival oevin.L,' at Toms ];iv( i l'."l 

DeTtb .'f (apt. .^.shna Str.ds.m 2m2 

The ,At^a;-k nil T'.i.is itis-er 2iil 

Cai.t. -John l^;;eon, tu'' :li-fi'^ce Lf-aihr; 2iw 

i;a-un at (rrK.dliick, I'.irked Jiiv^a-, e-ic 2i">S 

i iie .Mass:u-re on Lrun: iJem-h 2'.';) 

r)i-:itb I'f l!:vr,ii. tiie Xutorion.s Kofiu^'e 2lt» 

iJiek 15ird, the W'tt^-rs I'lffk Dutlau- m 

The KpfiiL;ei- Daveiip :;t -id bis D.;;ith ' . 213 

Manriahawken iu ti'.e il( snintiori 21-1 

Fifth Oompauy -M...nn'..,ith Militin, 214 

iLLUsTFi.vnoN — Ciits of •■ >bi Pt-nneni Cii""irch aind Parsonaa;e 2io 

Th^ Old Teuneut CliUivb 215 

Visitor- at the IJatth' (ii-nimd 210 

(■,^i>t^i:n :\riliie Pit'-h. r :i;20 

i;-:iiiorkablu Trid of lU's". Wn;. Tennent tor re)jnry 221 

Tr-uis lliver Dur)r'L; the llevoiution 22i^ 

Barnsiiat 2:{7 

Ee'iijioijs liistori- 2-il 

Methodism in ( 'M M.>'im'!,ua 212 

Ei^iseopaliani'-'u iu < )ld >i<iumouth 2il 

The llof,'eri!ie Jlijitv-t^ 24'.) 

Mcnnouisu! iu ' )e( an ( 'Tuity . . -'y^ 

Ih ise-i ■jalianisMi io lianieLrat ~^)i 

K' li'^ious Su'.ifties 2■^.^ 

E'o.ly Settl'ji-s -i 'reatii'u of To\viishi].s. en- 2iv7 

(.'id, ri;u<-> iu Oc.' in ( 'Miuily l,ast V> e.r wit]) Knu'laiid 2'Ji! 

];ivtl;phue nf ridv,-,vdisui 21) I 

]i.i.rsi!;\iiuN (dd i'littei- Cbr.reb rit 0.,'Mnn.'k 20") 

I'ni'.TK.^rr of I'av.M'ii Mniiay (if O.iodhu k Clmr.'ii ■.^'•'7 

('apt. Adam Hyier 2;ts 



INDEX. 

Xfw Jf v>ry VVati'viu;^' rinces :10 J 

("(.■nteuiiial Ye.ir of P.ju'e :)(".) 

High Fn.^f for a Moiiui'vuli H'lok M?, 

An Ann ^Vj.'^ Srr.itngfUi 3 i J 

The Skinaish at Mauuahawkon :^!('. 

lLLt'sTr.AiiON--Battlt' MoUllllli'Ht, Freehold . . IJi'.t 

The Battle Moniuac-nl Ettons to Ereot it ;;-J0 

Monnuient Meetiu^,' 3-1 

History of Battle Muuniiu u: < h-.;atiiz:iriou ;V2S 

Oeean Cunnty 8oliii' rs in War nf IIlI,. iliou :i'2'.t 

Ocean Couiity J\-nsioiiMrs :M7 

Old Dovor Tow -iship Sol 

Nt vesinl :<^ t 

Early Na\-i^atovs 357 

PurohaoCrs of ^--haros of Larnl 3o;* 

Refor'ls of Cattle ^larks and Estrnys 3()-> 

Oeof^-npliioit' iLidex t" Surveys iu Ucf-an ('ouuty 'M'i 

Early Sui v-^ys in ( )ce;iT! County '. 3fV.t 

Kev. William Mills 37i' 

A l\eniarkal>le Indian . . 371 

Was Oliver I'r.anweil's Brcthr an Early Settler''. . :>"^1 

Ad C»ld Irish Ba.tent ot N'olukr .■ li^o 

History ...f the J'ntt.r Chnr.h :.si 

Fresbyterlf.nisui iu I > ii iCed lii\a.r ')'.' t 

Presbyteriarr ('hur"h at Forked Kiver 3'.>fi 

Gen. John Lar-y -ion 

History of the Baj/tists iu ( )eeaii County 1' ):] 

Island Hci-lit;, -lOG 

Methodism in < icean County 4'';! 

The Battle of .Moun/outh ill 

Inlets ns 

Salt Works ! lit 

Charaet.n- of the Befuuees 42o 

Ive^■ohlt!'>naly Eennnisconees i:'':2 

Almost Hanm'd by '.Mistake FJo 

The Mvirder'T Peter Srour 4-") 

Intf restiui,' Events 4i' '. 

Th:- Coasting; Trade j -Js 

lUacks in the Ucvnlati. n 12'.) 

Ii-LfsniATKN'— Ex-Goveruor Jr-el Parker 43o 

Memorial atid l^ioor; phv of Jot 1 I'arker 4;jl 

}\ rsor-utii I: I if Mliakel^ 438 

Tales -if the Fort st and Sefi 441 



INDEX. 



\ — Ahr.-ibaui, A'Taiu, .Vil.ini-;. Akir.s. A1'_;or. Allen, \. lliay, Aiiiitrsnu, 
Antonidfs. Autviiu, Api-'u'vnte, Aruc-y. Av'-lu-r, AriiiM, Ai iMWsiuith, 
Arsiey, Asbtoii, Aui'.ihi-Il, Austin, Aii^teu, A^ti.!;. AurkuKiu. 

IJ-.l?alver, Barc.-^low, B.irke'.o, Eaird, Basliau, Barues, Barclay, l^uley, 
Baley, Baylis, Beakes, Bedlf. BpciUe, Bitldlo, Bf-iiiiett, Be ore, ji.ers. 
Borry, BilTby. Bibbc, r>ii;r.tii»v. liills, Bird, b'laokiuau. Boels, ]?oili, 15i iliue. 
BoUen. Booraoni, l^oorein, rxiruDi. Borden, Burden, hower. Bowers. 
Bowne, I'owker, Bo'.\L;ar. Bomle. H(n\,le. Boyd. ISoys, Buys, i^ray, Bree.se, 
Brinley, ]5riudley, Brittaiii, Brittou, i-rov,n. Browcr, Brewer. Biypn, 
Ih-yer,' Buekule-.v, Bunnell, Bonn ill, Burr(nvs, Burtia, Buck, Burid^'e, 
Butcher. 

(I — Campb.-U, Cii,nd)i;rL!. CaiiMck. CatiUan, raunon.\ Carman. Cassa- 
booni, Carr, (/arbarr, I'art.r. ( arwittiey, (Jbadwick. t.'banilierliun, -'baiti- 
ber.s, rbeL'semau. Chc-^bire, (_bUd, Chuto. Clark. Clarke. Clavton, < br'ton, 
Clotbier, CodiuLjton, Co':,'ueshall, Ci^le, Col^iuan. CmIHus. Coivfr, C'uhveH, 
^'oinbs, Comptou, Cunklin, Cooke. Cook, (.'doj er, Corlie--, Cotin-ll, Cnu-*-- 
ney, Ccveuboven, Cciiovev, C<,\er;. CoAaid. Cowdrii;k. Co\viM-rt;r>.aite. 
v''o\. Craft, Crane, Craniiier. Ci-.J.;.;, Crouie, Craven, Cra,vford, Crc>\-.'ell. 

It— Da%-is(, Davis.'L, DeV;jo<,'li, DeBo-b'. Bebow. De^Iart. D-.'nise. 
Deuni... iJeuvke, Devill, Lu-H. l)in-ert:aux, I)e'\';I.ley, b>ey. iJye. I'lk-'uiau, 
Dyckmau, Dillon, DcrM^rt, b'l'U^i^las:-;, Bove. Diauuaond, DunL,'au. 

E-Eftrle, Easton. Bid-.n, Bedes. Tvb^c, Edwar.ls. Klli-,, Tdlison, 
Euipsou, Kni,'Usb, EsKll, ii.rrvk-s'j:i, Evi'nn'.;b ;in, Evibaan, Evilbean, 
Eioa^'uel, Knilay, Ei)i"oleY. 

F I'aiKinbnn,', FaobiM r.-.-iloa, J-^bnn. Fiibian. Fi^li. Foruian, 
Foreman. Fu n;an, F'.xail, !• n-tlii;rii, FrcU'-ii, Frcm an, Frytbowart, 
f ullertou. 

<; Caun'.t, <4ib(s:)n. < i'rlbrrson, (rd)bnn^.. Critl'rrd, (b.i.dbo<U, 
;l(ird(in. Goubi, (inuldi:i;_;, '.bildia^ C-raudiii, (jraut, Groui. (fi-ovi^r, 



C„.i 
'■.nliek. 



If - Tlrdl, riaiu'bt, liaines, Havnes, HaF--y. Tiaiailton, HaMi]>ton. 
Ilam-e, l!ankius, Hankias"n Ma-i-.iii. Hart. Ilarkenr, Marker. !lavt>^- 
borne, Fi uia.L;. Ilaiiou, lluttcai, ilavens. il-viland, lleavil.anil, lb^,v^^s, 
rit aid. 

L — Lefevev, Laferra, L ii-i_', T.'ar 1. Ba'a>oTi.LnnJ«son, Fane. T.av.vmco. 
Lawrie, Bauric, Lavbai, i. ;>. ton. LeCu'd;. Laec.ck. LeCeit'.-, F> rd^, 
T,-Ilerts, T,eifert-<.>n, "r.td.aislv.-. .M -.-[■•is. Fcaeird. L.dts. L.-^.s. Fb,yd, 
Bi-'ld, Liniiiiia^, F ai.a\. f.iia-.'ja. Lii.i,e'iicoU, Japoit, Jattle, Ldhastieet. 
Luear, ra.ike,-. ],...,k.r. la., II, 

1[ Maddorks. Mub'.olai. .\ra,us. Marsli. ^.^^ttu^:. McKav. McKni'jbt, 
Melvin, MM.iili. M- ^i,n,,-i, .\!i.;,i!. :Mn, Mdla'..-. ^Flb•d.u.e. Mibi. i-. Mdls, 
Mrb.n. ibdi.ai. .Mo.. re. .M.io)'. .Mc!-t..rd. :ii<u-ii^, .M..tt, Moant, 

X X*-oe-r, N.ti'ier. Ne"ivbi la-y, Newman. N'» wi-li, Niib'ill.-;, Ni^aa-.tb. 

0,■d^ley. O-bovii, oliidiam. ( >:a.'. Oaau. (>la-.>n, OsbH^mc. 

V l';i'-.'e, F.t.ve, Fanalaua:. F i.rr, Fattrrswa. j'.ard, I'.aya.'. F -arce, 
Pier.o. I'.rey, Feikia... I'.rriai;-. F.-^v I'l-.a^'. FlaiH;i.~, biatad. J'!:lr^ 
]>(.l'.,auis F'ltrii, Fo'.vrd I'n damre', i'!i-.t'>a. Fi i>a-, Fnvd aa., I'.aid.-n, 

/ 



FurdN 



INDEX. 

\i lluiv. llees. riau(1<.li>li. Fit/ Rau.lclpli. ReapH. Epcow. Rackhow, 
R.i.l. Rclfrii-vl. ^l^-lIliul.'t..u. Reynolds. RauoliU. Ri-nsliall. Rhea. Rea, 
Ki.-iianl-nn. Riiluway. RoMiius, R.Ajiusvui. Rr-i-khead. R<K-k!icd, Roi.;ors, 
i;^)ia<_vii. Rcauiue, Ruse, Ruckitiau, liut.-. Ruluu. Russi.-ll, Ryull. 

S -■^adlt r, S I eiii. Sali>iii, Seh'-uck. .'^civel, Salinou. Sfott. SeaViruok. 
>■ ralj, S.aji. lit, ^:.laa^rrly, shattr.ok. Shavii, Sherman, Shephcnl, .Shep])ard. 
S!,!iin. .shreve, Shdi-katea.. Silver. Sihser. Silverwiiiid. S;,-lvester, Sissdl, 
.Siiivjll, SkeUuii, Slack, Sla^dit, Sloeuui. Smith. Smock. Smack. vSnawsell, 
.Snuwhill, S'jiom'in, So<iy, Soper. Southard. Speare. Spicer. Spratz^', Staulie, 
.<tarkey, Stelle. Siephens. Stt-wavr, Stilhvell, Story. S^t'Utt, Ste[ihe;i, 
Swaii!. Swinu'ler, Swiny. Swiuny. 

1' -Tahc]-. Tao'jr, Tallmau. Tartle, Taylor, Tharp), Thoqi, Thomp-ou, 
Toinsou, 'rhoru^lxa^iri'^li., rhroi.-kmorton, Toiakius, d'ownseui'i, Trn.:ix, 
Tueker, TnMi^ou, TurLier. 

r -rsselt...r. 

V -Van Di'ikle, Vau Brockle, VaTie. Van .\rsda.le. Van Brnut. Van 
<Tfhur, V.m ("ieef, Vau Ch-ve. V->nderveer. Van Doreii. VaudcK'n. Van 
Dfventor, Vau Dyke, Van 4ook, Va.u Horue. Vauhi.-,&. Van Kirk, Van Me- 
ter, Vaui^hu, Va'rylian, N'erway, Vickers, Voorhoes, Viedt-'uhoiuh, Vrom. 

Vl' - VVatr. Vieh: W.ieir, Wainri'_;l'T, Walker. "'A'all. WadliuL', V.'aileu, 
\S'ah..!i. Ward. Warden. \\ arf. n L Warne. \Varuer. ■Vars'.)U, Webb, Web- 
l.v. 'vVells, Wills, West. White. Mdiitloek. \\ilbnr. Winner, Winnow, 
W:,-!- Wdkins, Willett. Willctts, Willis. W'iih..ms, Vv'iUiamson, Wiis n. 
NVii.i.r. V.'iur-r, "^^'intert-iu. Woici^tt. WooUnitt. Wo'>d. Vroodmafsee, 
V.'(i/.d!u;incy, V>'' jdrow, \\'o.jdrari.i, ^Ve-.(4h;V. Worth, .Voi'dilt^y, Wijrdeu, 
V.',!id>n, Wyckoi, Wykoti. ■ 

Y-Yard. 

[Fur additional names under L'. I. J. K. L. and P of Genealogy, s^e 
\>:\\:.' s Ixvii t'> Ixxx, as follows: 

H — Hand' 11. ll^rndeli. Harjutale. lde■li-^e, H.,broD, Reoburn, flfdl'-'n. 
H'lli-u.-., H(ude:s.);i. Hcodvi-ksou. liepbuii". Herbert. liarbnrt. Haibor. 
ii. i:.:ues, Heydrr, Hiek. r!:^hanl. lii.Lft^'eus. Hi..d..He. T:ilb,)nie, Holf, Hoff- 
Tiire, l[o!.;e. Holman TI.UM'hin, Horivleil. HornruH, Fkru^r. IIors:;!an, 
H--.vs.rd. Hui.l.ard. Hnbbs. HimMv, ib.ief.. HiiM. H.-Avrt. llid.et. irulevr. 
l!;nl, Kvdshart. It il.-;a 'rt, 4iiu. liiuiu, H'^nJock. Hu;^t. ilutchins.m. llnt- 
t'.n. ITyeis, Hie>-,, Heyers. 

I -lie.lay lui.'h.iH!, In'^ram, Inm.iu. runess, Isaacs. Irt.ms, Iviiis. 

,\ Jackson, Tacob, -lamc-s. .Te*'-'rey, Jerney. •Tomoy, Jei.sun, .ri^nkins, 
■b-t. in ri .,'-■. .ffwell. .Ttcd. ■Ji'ues, .Job. .Job-,. .Tohnstone, Johnston. John.son. 
•b-iU, .Iolh:j, Ju.iah. 

K - Kaiuhu, Kaii;hin. Ker. Kerr, Killie, Kimui.ins, King, Kinman. 
K:.'!:uon, Kdchaui, Kirby, Ivipp, Kip, Kuoct. 

Ij -Larcv, Lutftra, Lambert. Lu'-ar, Lcjuard. 

i* -i'arker. 



PREIFAGE 



Tlie work of jfarlieriiig muteviul nncl writiiiLj an accurate 
" Histoiy of Moutnoutli aial Ocean Coiuities covorinp; a 
])criod of over two centuries, so full of interest to resi- 
dents of these counties and to tlie people of Xew Jeisey, 
generally, occu}tie(l tlie spare time of the author of this 
"work for nearly oue-half of his life-time, or mor^^ than a 
quarter of a century. Xot l)eing engaged in active 
business during the L-ist three years of liis life. Mr. 
Salter's time was exclusively devoted to research and 
investigation foi- rhe purpose of securing reliable infor- 
mation in regard to the early settlers of Old Monmouth 
CountN' of which tli^^ C'ounty of Ocean was on.ce a part. 
In order to accompl'sh this great undertaking, the oificiai 
records not oidy (if Motinu/uth and Ocean Counties, and 
a numher of otlnu' counties of this State were searched, 
but several other States were visited at great cost of time 
and TUf^'ans and "".ne State and county records jiatiently 
and (Tirefully exami;ied--]iotal'ly those of Wii'stern States, 
to w hich many of hie citi/ens of Moum'-nth au'l (U'tan 
Counties had froui tiun^ to time emigr;:ted. The result 
was, tlie obtaining of a v;'.st amount of valuable historic;il 
iiiforni;ition. +he cojlocti*?!! of a gn'.tt number of intt-ri'stiug 
hx'al incidents, aatl iiuiraestioriably tne fullest and most 
valuable (ieiiealogi( ;il Ih-'ord of the th'st settlers of Mon- 
mouth ant I Ocean Couutit\s and thi-ir deceiidants, ever 
compiled. For tw>-'ity-ti\ f years previ(/us to his death 
Mr. Saltt-r was a eoTvespondin^ meii.bcr of the Xew 
Jersey Historieal Suirty and the rc^coi^aii/t'd authoi'ity on 
gcnealogieal history, having been for y-'ars on its Stand- 
ing Citmmittee of (renealogv of Xew Jers"V fa.)nili<'S. It 
was conciMh-d during the lifrthme of the author that there 
^s■as no iiian in the State so thorouLiiih' inftu-nieil of the 



iv rHZFACi:. 

history of first families of Xow Jersey (1(3C1-1G78) a^ 
Edwin Salter. 

The desi;!;u iu pablishiug this book, primarilv, is to 
oarrv out the hmg-folt desire of the deceased author to 
furnish the citizens of Monmouth and Ocean cjunties 
•svith a reliable and interesting liistorical wm-k ; secondly, 
to perpetuate the honored name and memory of the dis- 
tinguished author, and thirdly, for the benefit of his 
esteemed widow, who for so many years encouraged and 
aided her husband in his arduous and responsible duties. 
To the undersigned — l^etween whom and tlie lamented 
author tliere existed for nearly twenty years a close and 
abiding friendsldp — was assigned the duty ot editing and 
preparing for }aiblication the yaiuablo material left hy 
tlie deceased Lustorian. In this responsible undertakino- 
the Editor lias studiously endeavored to omit nothing 
essentia] to the completeness of the history, but has 
striyen to present the worli in the form which he belieyes 
would haye been acce})table to the lamented author. In 
the hope that it may be equally so to the citizens of 
Monmouth and (J)cean counties, for ^^'hom it has especially 
been prepared, the work is respectfuljy subuiitted. 

E. GAKD^'EH, Epitoh, 
Dccemljcr 1, 1SS9, Bayonne, X. J. • 



OBITTUARV NOTIGR. 

[From the Thaes and JohikuI. Lnkewoo'-], X. J., Dec. 22, 1883.] 

TO EDWIX SALTER'S MEMORY. 



To give iu a cold ami couventional way an outline of 
the life of Edwin Salter would be an easy, and to us an 
ungrateful, task. It is so little to tlie ]nirpose that lie 
lived more than sixty years; tliat he died at ForJ^ed 
River; that he was a meniber of the Legislature and 
Speaker of the House : that he v\'as lor a score of rears a 
.ckrk iu one of the Departments at Washington — 
these are the things that vve all know, and in some sense 
lie may be measured by them. But our immediate con- 
cern with his life, now tii;it he is done with it. is how and 
to what purpose lie lived it. Men. of as little moment, 
after tliey go lience (and often l)efore! as a dead letter in 
a waste-l)asket, go to tlie Legislature, sit in the Speaker's 
€hair, or hold a clerkship uinler the government. The 
i:)olitical status of the State has come to this, whetlier In' 
progress or retrogression is of no moment liere except to 
confront tilt' face of the fact and be — it solia]~)pens often — 
ratherbelittled than distinguished l')y it. Edwin Salter 
was not one of the little men of either liis time or his 
generati'in. T\ hen he sat as a servant of the people, it 
was to their honor and his credit. "When lie was a gov- 
«^rument clerk, he was faithful and ethcient. His public 
life was clean and merit(orious. So inucli for truth and 
|or liim in this respect. 

But, C()m]);Lred to \\\>. life as a student and chronicler 
iii State history, his ]>ublic life was as a tiickei' besi<le a 
•Hanie. "\Vi>en tho one is admost forgot teii. and wlien it 
would b:' critirclv so l)ut ft<r his naiU;' bfin'_r linked with 
it, his coi!tributii>ns to thn career of ilie State and his 
<lelineations of the character of its m^^^\ and womoii, will 



"vi oi!rn'A];Y notice. 

he. growini!; lirigbter in a steadier, stronp-er li.u'lit. ^^'ilell 
the one will lie almost valueless save as a clironelotiiral 
fact, tlio otlier Mill be invaluable as a historical heiiloin 
to all future }j:enerations of Jerseynien. By this wcik he 
will live in tlie association of num of renown; his work 
will be perpetual, because upon its merits it will deserve 
perpetuity. lii^ ])at:ence in collecting: ihita, his industry 
in the })ursuit of information, his care and iud|.;-ment 
iu selectie)n, his love of veracity and resp,eft for faet, 
his clearness in detail and al)ility in setting the -"vlnde 
sum of his studies beiiu'e the v\"(,)rld, his modest and 
unpretenticnis com-ealment of himself — these are some* 
and (ji)ly some, of the chara.cteristics of Edwin Salter "^ 
life. 3Ipn of this stamp do not die and be for,!i>jtten< 
They are not e})ht'meral. Thev ''still live" wheli the 
riiulti])lying years have left their unrecognizable dust 
far behind. Students of history must ])ause to do 
honor to their rin-mory and be grateful to them for tiit' 
good they dul v/ith little ]u)pe of re^\ard. Indeed, rc-- 
ward, beyinid such as nece.-^sity jnay ha\'e entailed, did 
not enter iuto the consideration with Edwin Salter. He 
loved his chosi^i Avork, and gave oi his uieaus to it as 
freely as he avouM have lightened the burdens of ;i be^-- 
gar at his dojr, giving ail tiiat he had. His private life 
Avas that of the Christian ma.n — ])ure and undehled. He 
was gener<nis to ;i doulde faidt, inmorable to tin- breadth 
of a h;iir, miid and gentle as the vilbige |)reacher whose 
life is per]):'tu;ded in und}-ing verse, and true as tlie loA'e 
that A\;'-- bene.'icer.tiy given to him that lie might slia'.-.- it 
witli otl>ers. Tlius we knew hijn, and here we lay tins- 
tribute to a l)el(ived memory iqiwn the bier of its de- 
parted slia.de. 



BIOGRAPHY. 



Ethviu Salter died at Forked Piiver, N. J., December 
15. 1S8S, aged sixty-lVnir years. He Avas tlie son of AmOR 
Salter and Sarah Frazier, and was descended from some 
of the oldest families of Monmouth county — the Bownes, 
Lawrences and Hartshoriies. His original ancestor in 
America emigr;ited from Devonshire, Eughuid, and set- 
tled at Middletown previous to 1G87. He was a lawyer, 
a man of distinguished al)ility, wldch was illustrated in. 
the part wliicli lio took as counsel with Captain -John 
Bowno in the contj'i->versies of the people with the Lords' 
Proprietors. 

Edwin Salter vras horn in Bloomingdale, Morris Co., 
February 'itli, 1S:M. AVliile ;i j-outh, he removed wiih 
liis parents to the nnu'e lun-tlieru part of rhe State. At 
the age of f(>urtecji, he became a rjiember of a Presby- 
terian Suntlay school in Xrwark ; three years lat«?r he 
made a profession of his fidtli iii Clijist, in a churcli of 
the same order, lie subs<-(jLitntl}' removed to I'hiladel- 
phia and was there employed as a clerk in. a book"-store, 
but aftei'wai'ds removed to Forked Piver and taught 
school. For a time he led a sea taring life, being master 
of a sciiO(»nerin the coasting trade. 

In 1857 he was elected by the Pie])ul)licans of Ocean 
county as tlieir re];reseTitativo in the As.-jembly of !}>ew^ 
Jerse^y, the iirst Free Soil nnuuber in thid liody. He was 
returned for the tsvo lolhiV'.'inLC ye;irs and iri tiie session 
of 1850 h.^ \v;is elected Speaker and iilled the position 
will) great a])ility. I)i ISill ]ie received an .-ippointmoit in 
tlie United States '.Freiisury ])ei)artun nt, whieli he held 
foi- tivc years, when ]ie res.igned. He was r<'appointed 
shortly at'to'wards to a clerkship in the Fonnh Auditor's 
olKce, where iie remained til; IS^C), wjien he returned to 
C)cean County. 



Vlll BIOGRAPHY. 

He had a taste for historical research, es])eciany i)i the 
studv of ^enealof^ical lines. He spent much of his time 
in his later years in prosecuting his researches into the 
history of the early families of Monmouth a-ml Ocean 
Counties, his n-sidence at ^\ ashin<^^fon alfording him 
])eculiar facilities for the work, through his ready access to 
Ihe National Archives. The informati<'»n here obtained 
A\ as su})pleiaeuted by searches of the public rec(;vds of 
States and cotinties, north, and south. At the time oi his 
•death lie had accumulated a vast amount of historical and 
genealogical matter — the work of years of patient and 
la,borious research — for a history of Monmouth and 
Ocean counties, vrhicli he had long contemplated ]yah- 
lishing. deferring to notices he had prepared of the 
principal families now re}U'esented in Monmoutli, he 
■\vrote in a- letter to a friend on the 1-ith of November, 
1S88, only a month l)efore his death, " Take the matter 
altogether, I Ijelitne it will be the most complete uccouut 
of the early .-settlers (and settlement) ever ■j)ublished of 
any countv in the Uiiited States settled previous t() ]70()."' 
Mr. Salter was the author of a series of historical sketches 
l)ublished in the ^[onmonth I ><:ii,(h-r(tt, lS7-i-'74, entitled 
" Old Times in Old MounKvatli."" His frequent contri- 
butions to t])e journals (if ]\Jonmouth ami Ocean over the 
signatures of " Si'al: S,^ii rrh,t'" and " 7V7'.7," bear testi- 
mony among others to his zeal m historii-al studv ;;nd 
liis readiness to give the fruits of his research t(j his fel- 
low citizens. 

Edwin Salter's nanit^ stands enrolled as a member oi a 
Pi'esbyt. rian Siin.lav-srhoo] at Forked riivm-, in ISMI. In 
18G(J, he was superintendent of the sanu^ scIk^oI, beside 
teaching the Bible-class. He marrietl, in IS.Vi. Margaret 
Jjodme, of Ijarnegat, \\\n) survives him. Their son, 
George W. Salter, a nn)st estimable young man, died at 
Piio de Janei'i-o, Brazil. Maich ^Tth. 1880, of typlius leVer, 
•ivhile stationed at tliat port as payiaaster's cle)-k of the 
United States Naval Depot. 

Mr. Salter vras a Jiian of great iorcQ of char:ieter. gen- 
erous, open-hearted and strong in the nuiinten.ince of tlie 



BIOGRAniY. IX 

right. He had no sympatliy with hiwlessness or lowuess 
of aim. TS'ithont preteusiou, lie aspired to the best in 
personal, (hnnestie and social life. In his relin;ioiis life 
tli^ere was no atlet-tation or c;int. A ji^^ennine heartiness and 
catholicity of spirit nionlded his c]'eed and liis conduct. 
His inanners were fi;enial, his spiritwas broad and lilit^raL 
He v:as a simpl^-liearted, earnest Christian c^eutleman. 
He filled a large place in the atiections of his friends and 
acquaintances, by whom his death is most sincerely 
mourned. 

He was el^^cted a member of the New Jersey Historical 
Society on May 21st. 180'], and was esteemed one its most 
yaluable members in promoting the purposes of its organi- 
zation. His remains were laid in the Masonic Cemetery 
at Barucgat, after a funeral scryice held at the Presbyterian 
Church. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



SUBJKCTS. 

OcKXX CofXTY — Oiilen Tiinos in , Disci i-.\ry, SiUlen'ent; "S^lirn «ct 
off fin<l esral)Ii.-.LviI : Ih-oprietfi-s" Division of L.'iuus : First ]";isoii^ ;i> t.-ike 
lip land -.•; DusItioss lu Oiii Tiuics ; (Vcni-.-ilou'v ; Cburcli iiistory, lii-volr.- 
tionai-y anil Mi>.-!_llan»-oiis ^MaUtv; Scc-ni_s vu ti.e Coasr; Inaiau Tnali- 
tions ; Tales of the- Forest ami of tin- S,-(, A'.-. 

HisTOKY OF Ocean Cuvntv -Di-cvc-ry l^y Henry Ilutlson i:i J ('.00; 
LxplorinL; oiii- Coast; Bnyine; Laml of the Indians; Copy of the notodi 
Mom'ior.th l'atr-7it L'ranted in li'^h') ; Account of the iiiivi-ha.-~es of land- 
froni the Indiavi'-;- pri 'es paid and naujes of jiureh:is.-rs ; Httrlers oi 
Middletown. Ttie Stont Family; TiMiUtiou. 

MoxmolT:! (,'ot-nty — "\^'h..•n est.d)lisj\ed. Henry Hudson's visit t.i Oh\ 
■Monraor.tLi. Ol.i Times in Old ?tionniouil; ; The liattle of ;Moanii'u!h: 
Causes of the llevolution — Principhs involved ; The Dattle I^I(.>nnident ; 
^lonnionlh tnider the Dutch. 

The Indians —Tools of t;ie Indian.; ; Makin'; Canoes; rdakii:.; Fi'.-.r; 
Indian j^et.r ; Tr aluions : Iniiian i-.tjiies ; Iii lian Claims in tJceai. and 
^loninouth C^. unties, and vicinity ; Indian Will, a noted charnct r. 

FinsT Families in (..'hi Monnioutli ; i'riv.;t;n_,' on our Co:isl ; (J!d ^to.:. 
mouth DurinL,' the li.-'.olmion ; ih':-.d:iiseenees, do; Captain -F.shr.a 
Iluddv, Tlie Hero r.Iartyr of (_)I(1 ?»[onmourli ; Capiain M ilHa.m I'on! ; (Jl^u- 
gressional liepv-jsenti.tives ; F|iisc'.'paiianism in Old I.ionnioutli. 

The I'.Kvoi.i-rioxAnY Vv'ai; — So!ui'-:s i.f tJie Ilevolnti'in ; List of nvjcev--: 
and Privates of ( ;ld rwnnnionth ; Toms I'dver durin:_' the KLV<,lr.th n ; 
rrivateeriiit,' ; Attack en Toms liiver ; IJiTrn-im,' the Village; A Day o:: 
Horror; C'aptuvi., of i_':iptain Jo.stjua Hii.ldy ; Attack on the- iius.^e'.lFamiiv; 
Ciipiain Adam Hyler tiie darinu' Priv;it<.'er of the iicv(jlutiv-n : The noted 
Kefugoe Da' euport and hi.^ dtath ; The last War with EnL'l-md. 

Toms L'-.vEr. — (_)ni,'in of the naire; ; India.n T.tni ; Deli;:ious Ilist-n-v 
Captain VViiham Tom; The lloi^erine Daiitist^. ; M-maonism iu Occ.:U 
Count}. 

•The PoTTCTt Chtp.cu— Tlie llev. John Murray the fast preachoi- of 
I'mviTsahsnrui Ameiica ; He sailed from Fn;.'land for Nev York. Julv21-t. 
177't; His a.cei leiital meeiin'_' wit!) Thomas I'ott.r and remarkahle call to 
beeoine a Prea: '.ar ; Jji/thjilai-e of Fuivers di -'.in in .\!:a-ri'..a ; Celebration 
«,)! the Centenary of l'niver.salis!i; at (ioudiuck in isT'). 



I. ./...■• Ill 



XU CONTENTS. 

EAPvyEGAT — Its iliscovcry over two Luudred years ac;o ; The first lioiiso 
■built at loa.st us wirly r;s 17-(l : lu-iiL^-ious Societies ; First Cburcli was a 
Q,na!:ev "Mcetiug Hniisr- Imilt in 177i> ; The Presiiyterians anions early 
rJigiouy pioneers in ITOo; The Episenpali/uis in IT.j'J ; the Methodises io 
1S"2'J ; iitoords of the iSevend deuouiinatious, Ac. 

IIi.STOKY OF MosMOtTH — An Ancient Patent ; Disputes between the 
Dutch and EugHsh in rcLTJird to its Settlement ; the "Whites euterint< S;i!idy 
Hook in lo"21 ; Provisions of the ilonmouth Patent ; "A i:ood hind lo iall 
in with and a pleasant land to see"; "Free liberty of Conscience \\"ithintt 
any niolestatii'U or disturliance whatsoever in the way of worship"; V^'as 
Oliver Croui:\ ell's brother un early settler? 

TiiK ForxDKr.s of IMonmouth ; -who they were and whence they eair.e ; 
A iiemoralile Scene ; The first En^-dish Settler in Ne^^" .Jersey, liiehani 
Stout, in about lt;i5 ; 'xhe Twelve i'ateutei's ; The IHiode Island jb.tnnnnuh 
Asscciation ; List of names of persons who contributed toward bu^iii;^' the 
laud in ilonmoutli of the Indians. 

Te):,:s P.i\f;i; dui ing tlie Eevolution ; Sketclies of the Leading C'iii7.cn3 
of L'over tuwnshit), Ac. 

Old Dovek ToA\-x..HiP"-The TL>->vn Book of old Dover containing a list 
of OlficerS; front 178:} down to 1 -.'l ; Procee.liugs at ancient town meetings; 
Ttie poor of the town-hip suld annually ; Members of the Townshi]i Com- 
mittee ado wi-d 'Jl.'JO per d,iy ft)r sevvJees ; 1 he Fish laws; The record of 
Cattle marks and Estrays ; List of Presiding Ulheers or Moderators, from 
18-iG to IsCd. 

Ckukciies AND Societies IN Oceax CorMY--Presbyterianis]n at Toms 
lliver ; Aletliodism do. ; Baptist Seaside Association ; IsLiud Heights ; Lava.- 
lette City; Episeopalianism at Tows .Iliver ; Baiiti.st Chu'ch at Turns 
Piiver. Presbyterinuism at Brieksburg. 

CaE.viR.N Of TowNSjties in Oce;'n County ; Jackson, ITumsied and 
Union ToNsiediips ; Interesting Pecords. 

Hi.sTor.\ OF Pij-:lioi.i'-s .Socikties, Bani^s. Pe;ads, Pailroads, S;nge Lines, 
Seaside Lesorts, Cranberry Statistics, Fi.^h, Fowl, Game Luws. Forest 
Fires, Ac. 

The Wau or lsi2 -An o;d Monmoiuh Preacher; (^I'.-ean Cj^rinty 
Familii.s ; Fjr.-,t FamiHcs of ( .'Id lUemmonth ; Freehold in tiie Pevobuien ; 
iiistoriecJ lienuuiseence'^, Ac. 

BioofiAViricAL Skkt'-hes - Forman, S<.yin<mr, Iblmes, Bird.^all. i'.-irker, 
A.shfield, '\\"ri./at, L;jy,ter, ^Hot.im-a. Lev. Ob.'idiuh ib.lmes, lila.rl, Tikon. 
and oth.^.s. 

T: ::,r SEiTr.ir.^ of Or.D ^^"XM()T•TH- Foumii-rs of Fannlies ; One 
y TiiOi;..,.„ .1 r-.rnan.is ; Intcn >ting HL-dorical In>i.i>-r.ts. 

Co::".rENCE?.iE\'r or S>;tti.k:mknts— \\'arranrs for kuids gn-anted j 
Chureh.-s. 

Fir.sT SeN:];.».Y Srn.„,f. •■.* Fiirk.><l J;iv.T ; I'rcsbMeriain.vn; and :\b;h,i.l- 
ism at F-rkrd Piver, and e'hiir.dies ; lIoh:!es' Old 31.11; Lae-y T..Mn.sin2); 
&eu. Laccv. 



CONTENT^J. xni 

Ocenn County Soldier-^ i:i tli-^ V>',ir of the Rebellion ; Names, 2)t:rir'ils of 
Enlistments, Xaines of Compiiui'js, disca:iri^es, transftTs, deaths, A"c. 

Chi-rcues in Ocean Coun'ty— Cedar Grove, Manchester, Collier's ^liUs, 
Pleasant Grove, Stattor Iville, Point Pleasant, Motcleeunk, ilanahav^ken, 
Cedar Run, Herbertsville, Kettle Creek. r>.^thel. "Whitin,!?, Pleasant PJains, 
Baj'A'ille, Toms River, RrioksbtirL,', Cassville, West Cretk, JJarnegat, V.'ares- 
town, Quakers, Rogerine Baptists, itc. 

DoYEP. To^^■^"s^IP — Roman Catholic Church : r>i1'le Christian Chv,rch ; 
Cedar Gr(_)ve M. E. Church ; Pleasant ]"'laius IM. E. Church. 

Lakewood !M. E. Church Organized ; Methodists at Lakc^oi) 1 ; Epis- 
copalianisrn in Ocean County ; Eirst Baptist Church at Bricksburg ; Liberal 
Christian Society at Lakewood. 

Lakewood — Hotels ; Joseph "W. Brick ; Hotel and Land Associ.ition ; 
Tobacco factory. 

PEESBYTERiAyi.s:M olong shore as early as 174(3 ; The Potter Universalist 
Church nt Goodluck ; Baptist Church at M;uiaha\vkf n. 

Tow.vsKiPS ; Plumsted Tov\-nshi]> ; New Eg\-|it ; Chr.rche ; in Xew 
Egjpt ; Sons of Temperance, i)i\'ision >»o. 12 ; Plumsted InstitutL-. 

Br;icK To\^'ysHip — Burr-- .ill. ; ^letetecunk ; M. E. Church ; Point 

Ple^-sant Churches ; Herbertville ; Point Pleasant Land Co.; Arnold City; 

Baptists in Brick Township , di >. at Kettle Creek ; Silvertou ]\L E. Church ; 
Mantoloking ; Bay Head ; Churches, Ac. 

Ferkago-B AMBER ; Forire built 1S)-1; Gen, Joha Lxce y ; L'lcey 
Township ; Eagleswood Tov.nship ; West Creek ; Staifurd^ille ; Churches. 



^^ ''-■'^) tit 







TH]<: SALTEP. FAAIILY C'EEST. 



Tlio pulilisiK^r is iiidci-teiT to Jamhs Stkex. Es(|.. 
0(>uns(-ll()i- it-Law. ot Eatoiitov.ii, X. J., for the Crest, or 
Coat-oi'-aiius, ()[ tlio Salter iViTnily. [t was ])aste(l in a 
law i)()()k ovt'v (>!](' linii(lr(Mi aiul tit'tv years old. ..'WUfd by 
La',\\'(M' Stepu. which he >i;eiiHi-()Uslv loaiieo the ]ail>li>h(r. 
and froia \\']':.(h th<- ;ih>>M' elv-cti'oiv|>tMl ciit was ]iia*h-. 
In his lettm' rt4'erriii;j; to the ]>hite. Air. Steer; s;iys : 

Jvvioxj->'.\;-. N. J., Sell!. 2S, l^s',) 
Mk. E. Gaudnkk ]>il\i: Sih: 

Voia.> ut' 27tu roipivi-.!. While the -jiU'tiire is iiiidniiliteiHy the Cuac-i.i'- 
.-irius. it i> teclinir:iil\- r ilicii ;. ■•In.d]. pl.-ite" -,veeu llseil a.s in fLi> ca>..-. 
Kichanl Salter of ■ J;ai-li;i(!<-.s eaiiie Tc i\b>ii;ii(iiitl) cuiuity aud was 'i Jus- 
tice lieivtia- Uialiy Veals, I thiiik. The tlrst iime he appeai'Cil at Cuurt was 
1)11 Ai.i\ 'IW. ITi'l. wiieii tile t'.init sai af .Shi-ewslniry. 

I Li.- iu my j.Mss! -isimi a :uaiiii>;-vi'ir ho.,!-:.)! a.e:-Mniits uf the Over- 
seers or the i'lH). Ml Shrewslniry towu-uii). e(.utaiiiin<_; six sii^naLuri s 
•■a:ti".;iaphi ot Ja.-Mee i'liehardi Salt. a, aivliriii'^ the ci\ erseers' aceoniu.^. as 
\v"as required h} la\\ at that tiiii'-. Tiie tirsf \^ as .\.[iril ii, 174fi ; the ia'-t 
Ji'Ue -LW. 17-ls 

My 'a'.ipre.-sini; is. that aiuote,' Mr. Salter's sketches you will iiial i^iie 
ot th-. S .'i, r i;::iiily. aim w ill he ahle to trace ri latioushi]-. 

I'erhaa,^ liiiiianl Salter of ITni. was lather oi lliehavd Salter <.f 
174tj. • 

Voiirs tinl\, 

JAMILS STKEN. 



i;i I ( .\ {\! i 'I ;!.! i \iy. A\\\ 



I ,.• 



.' , ^r. I,.,, , -I 



IMTKODUGTORV. 

The renowned Diedrich Knickerbocker in liis famous 
History of ^ew York contended tliat in order to rrive a 
pro]ier nndprst.indin^- of tlie origin of tlic scttlenient of 
New York, it w.-ts necesisary to begin with im arciauit of 
the creation of the worhl, for said he "if this woi'hl had not 
been formed it is mo]-e than |)rol);dde that this rendv.ned 
ishind on which is sitiiateil the City of N'-w Yoilv, would 
never Jiave had an existence! " nnd after <?stablishintj; the 
fact tliat tlie worhl really was fornied, he ;)roceeds to 
give an outline of A'arions nofcd events in its histor^' fi'oin 
tltat time down to the commencement of tlie settlement 
of Xew York. 

In giving an account of tke settlejnent nf ^[onjuouth, 
the writer will venture to ile|)ait from the preeedeiit set 
l)y so ]iotcd an author and vnijI take it for granted not 
c>uiy that the world v as created and that manv important 
events had ]ia[)pened in its isistory. but also, foi- tlie 
present, avIII assume that the county w;is discovered be- 
fore any attem})t to s<'tt]<' it \vas niade : 

The various accoants by lh<' first whites \vh(.) are 
kn(jwu or su])posed to have disco\ereil tlie sliores i.if 
Monmouth, or lamled 071 its soil, undoubt'-dl v sliouli.l 
liave a place in the history of th" C'onjjt\, but ina^mucii 
as most of these have been piibiislied in general and ]oi;d 
liistories of the country, it i< thought suHicieut to com- 
meuv-e directly with an ac-ount of tlie lirsi: etl'orts to es- 
ta])lish settiemeuis in the eouid\. 

Some writer says tliat llichai-d Stout aiid familv and 
five otlier fa.milies liiade an attempt to settle in ?.Iiddle- 
town in ICjIs, bid- aftt r i-i-maijiing four or \\\i' vea.i's tliev 
AV'-'re comjfelled io b^c^-e on account of threateiiiil attacks 
from Lulia.ns. This (h»i-s not <'or)'es])ond wiihtlie vei'siou 
of thesiorvpnldislied over a c'>3itui->-au-o inS]ijitli\s IIistor\' 



2 niSTOKY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN ('OUNTIES. 

of Xew Jersey. Tliat states that there -were about fit'tv 
fauiilies in the infant settleineiit at the time oi this threat- 
ened attack, and th;it they were u«-)t frightened off i.)nt 
remained. Th's indicates that tiie affair occurred after 
the settlement had been permauentiy established. 

At the time of the first s^^tlemeut of Monmouth, the 
difficulties between the Dutch and the English r(dating 
to the ownership and sovereignty of New York and New 
•Jersey originated in the question of earliest discoveries 
by navigators. The Englisii based their claim on dis- 
coveries made in the reign of Henry 7th, by Caljot, and 
the Dutch l)ased theirs on tlic discoveries made by Sir 
Henry Hudson in 1009. There is nothing on record to 
show that Cal)ot ever landed on the soil of tlie disputed 
territory. The iirst account of Wliites landing in this 
section is contained in Yerazzana's account of his voyage 
in lo2J, to the King of France, under whose auspices his 
expedition had been fitted out. 

The Xevisinck or Navisink Indians occupied the tract 
of land in Monmouth between the Atlantic and the Eari- 
tan Bay. It is evident that the Dutch of New Amster- 
dam, at an early period in the settlement of that place, 
carried on a trade m their small sloops with the Xevisink 
Indians. The noted Patroon, Yan Piensalhpr, Imd a land- 
ing place, known as Ixensulher's Pier, near the High- 
lands. In hJWj, the Indians, for some cause, were 
aroused against the Dutch ; one of their traders named 
Aert Theunnisen, said to have been from Hob(jken, prob- 
ably not knowing that the Navesinks were among the 
hostile tribes or bands, crossed over in his sloop to 
Shrewsbury Inlet, then called by the Dutch Beeregat, 
where he was surprised and killed. 

O'Callagluin's History of Xe^v Netherlands, says a 
patent for an Indian tract on th-r^ Piaritan was granted to 
Augustus Heermans, March 28, 1G51, and for a colony at 
Nevesinks to Cornelius Yan AVerekhoven, November Ttli, 
1G51. 

. The writer has found no mention of any attiTupt to 
settle on the land purchased by the Dutch, but as the i-re- 



INTltonrcTOKY. 3 

siTniptloii is tlin.f 'MIC ()l)]\'ct in viowAvn-; toiViniid a settle- 
ment, it I'fH-alls rlic statement maile in cnie versifm of tlie 
familiar stovvof Pem^l'^pe Stimt to tlie et^Vn-t tliat .Nliortly 
after slie mariicd riicliard Stout tli^v settled wliere i\Iid- 
dleto'\\n now is. and there were at that time but six white 
tamilies in the settlrmeut, incdudini;- their own, and that 
this was about I()4S. aud that aitiT a t'fw ^'ears thevwere 
ci~)mpelled to abandon tln^ place on ace-rnintof threat(med 
Indian troubles. Tlu' viu'sion i;iven in Smith's Historr 
of New Jersey, says that at the time of this tlireateut d 
India]! trouble there were some tittv families at i\[iddle- 
town ; but thi< version cvid'-ntly L'ivi-s the tr;iditioual 
number of fanrilies at 3Iiddl('teiA\n when the perijiaut'iit 
settlement was eti'ected a nuuilxn' of years later, aiid it is- 
not probalde that this thr* aten»'d Indian trouble occurr* d 
alter th.it, a> if it had b>Mii the rase thei-t^ would in all 
])robability liave bern some allnsion to it in ani'ifMit rec- 
ords, such records for instarat as the t>id Miildletowu Ttrm 
Book. 

In l(jl:> a \v;ir existed bi^tween tlie Ji)utch and In- 
dians during; v.hich a iTO'ty of eighty Indians at Pavonia 
■were nmssacred in the'r sleej), by Dutch soldiers, an act 
which _Li;reatly V N^cited the indi,:.i;nation of De yri(^s, wlu- 
says : 'This was a feat worthy (^f the heroes of (jld Itcune. 
to massacre a parcel of Indians in their slf^e]). to t.dve 
children from the Ineastsof their jnothers and to buteher 
them i]i the presence of tlndr ]iarents, or throv.- t])eir 
man^^led liml)^' into the lire or water I Other sucklinj^'s 
had been fastened to little boards and in this positiou- 
tiiey were cut to pieies! S(nne were thro^vn info. the> 
river and when their })arents ruslied in to save them, the 
soldiers ju'evented their landinir, and let parents and 
chiMren drown. ' Tlie ldHin<;- of Tluumnisen in Shrews- 
bury Inlet was undoubtedly an act of retaliation l»v the 
iXavesink Indians for this and similar acts. 

To refer a^'ain to the Stcnit tradition: This states 
that after the six families had lived at Middletown iiveor 
six years, they were '-ompfdled tf> leave on account ot" 
troubles betv/eert Indians and whites. This time corre^ 



4 HISTOllY OF MONM(K'T}I AXU OCEAN COrNTIE.^. 

s]-)(ni(ls vei'v ucnrlv to tlie time of the foartui Iiulian u]n'is- 
in^- in Xow Yoi'k in Hh)~). The Indians then niassat-red 
all the inliahiiants of Pavonia, now inehnled in Pludsiai 
County, an<l then jiasse-d over to Staten Island and h-ft it 
■without an inhabitant or <i house. In three da\ s over 
a hundrtnl ])nt(dL were hilled and a hundred and tiftv 
taken prisoners, and jiroperty to tlie amount of two 
liundred thousand florins Avas destroyed. 

In Au;i;ust, ICiD-l, ihe Dnteli at New York surrendered 
to the En^lisli expedition under C'cjI. liiehard Xieolls.and 
by September '4(1 the Enj^lisli were fairly established iu 
the fort, and fi'om that time Xew Amsterdam V>ecame 
known as Xew York. 

The Gvavesend peo})le then made another and ;i suc- 
cessful etibrt to ]iurchase lands of the Nevesiuk Iri- 
dians for the pur})ose of establishing; a settlement, and 
shortly after, during the same year, made two otlier pur- 
chases. The abandoned maize or eorntields of the In- 
dians, referred to by Tienhov(ui. may haAe saved the set- 
tlers some trouble in elearinu' lands. 



HISTORY OF 



ilONMOUTH AND 



TIES. 



DISCOYEFvY OF MOX:\rC)I'TH COUNTY. 



AEinVAr. OF SIK HENi;\ nuiisox. 
In tlie yenv 1()!>1), Sir Hciirv Hiidscii visited our .'oast 
ill the yaclit or slrii) Hall Moon, a vessol of aliont eighty 
tons buitlien. About tlio last of ,\.u^-usr he ejitered the 
Dehiware Bay, l)ut tindiu;^- the navii;atir)n daiii;"erous he 
soon left ^virlioiit i^oiiiL;; ashore. After ^^ettiiig out to sea 
lie stood north-eastwardlv and after aAvhile hauled ir- <ind 
made the land prol),Llily not far distant from Great Ti.^'f^ 
Harlior. The journal or Iol;' hoDic of tliis vessel Avas Icept 
hy the mate, Alfred Jnet, and as it eontains the tirst no- 
tices of Ylonmoutli eountv hv tlu' ^vhites, remarlcs ahout 



the conntrv, its inh.diitantM and 



durtious, first >and- 



inp;, and other inteiestin<.!; nnitter, an extract is ]le^('^vitll 
f;iven, (••niinienciiig with Sejttendx'r '2d, K)!!',!, -wl.Mni tlie 
Half Moon made land neai' El!,-^ Harlxu'. The same day, 
it svill be seen, tin.', -diip ])ass'^d ]3arneL;at Inlet, and at 
nigld anchored near the beach Avithin sight of the High- 
lands. . 

Their first impiession of old ^ronmonth, it ^vill be 
seen, Vv'as "thiit it is ii, r,_ri/ //(khI htii'l in TnU i/i >/'f^/i, an I 
II jth-Ksinit I'hi'l to .V, r ; ■■ an opinion ^Ndiich in the uiiuds of 
Dur peoph' ;it th.f pies'id d;:v shows tliat good sense and 
correct judgniiMi! v,fri' nor lacking in Sir Henry Hudson 
and his fidlow voyagm'sl 

Hit r.lrt f roil, t!u. L..^I-l',ool of (],,- ILlTf Moiii. 

Sej)t. ^d, 1 r.Dl I. -AV hen the sun arose we stt ei'ed 



6 nisTOKY <)]' :\i()N:,torTH and (Ut.ax r(U"N'rn,>^. 

llOiili ai;-;iiii ;ui(l saw laiitl tVcui t]n^ wo^t l)y ]inrth to t\\o 
Uortli-Avest, all alike, broktuj .slanls. aiul nur S'niiulaitr^ 
wei'c oloveii latlnnns ami ton failmm^,. Tho c-i>ni'so aloiiii 
the land we fcMunl to !);■ iioirli-cast 1)_v nortli. From the 
land which we tirst had s:uht of until we eanie t(,» 
a great lake of waicr, as we t-ould jud-e it to !)'->, ( Itumr- 
gut I>i('j\) beinii drowne<l kmd ^\hieh unide it rise like 
islands, which was in length ten lta_iues. The nn)ntli of 
ih-dViike [ Ijiiriinji't Iii'rf) had niariv ^^ho,•ds, and tin- sea 
breaks upon them as it is cast on: of the nmulh of it. 
And ironi that lake or hay the land lies north hy east, 
and we had a ,i;ieai stream out of tlje hay ; and from 
thence our sonndinL;-s was ten fatlmms two lea.ur.cs fi-om 
hind. At live o'clock wc anchored, Ix-iiil;- li:j;ht v,:nd, and 
rode in ei<;-lit fathoms water ; the niuht v,-;is fair. Tliis ni^ht 
I found the land to haul the compass eiuht (h,^L;rces. Far 
to the north v/ard of us we saw hiuh hills i ///y///^///,/ .'I : 
for the day liefore we found not ahove twr) dei^n-os of 
variation. 

This is a very <j;ood land to fall in with and a pleasant 
land to see. 

Sept. 3d.— -The nntrniuLMiristy u)itil ten o'clock; then 
it cleared and the wljid came to the si. nth-southeast, so 
we wei,i;hed and stood nortlnvard. The land is verv 
pleasant and hii^h and hold to fall withal. At three 
o'clock in tju' afternoon we raiiie to three j^reat rivers 
(A'/z'/v 2(.'.v, liitcl'ii innj //,'' f iiiiil f!>> lliti'it'u ) : so we stood 
alon;; the nortliAvard \ }!i'<-J,n <i-,nj hiKf^) thinkinji; to have 
gone in, hut we found it to have a very skoal 1»ar hefore 
it for we had hut ten hn-t watei'. Tlnni \\ e cast ahout t<j 
tlie southwai'd ajid h>und tN\o fathoms, three fathoms 
and three and a (piai'ter. till ue cam'- t') thesouth(-rn side 
of them : then we had five and six fatluuns and returned 
ill an hour and a half. So we weiuhid and wejit in and 
rode in tivi- fathoms, ooze ground, and s.-iw manv vahmms 
and niullt^ts and ravs very uieat. Tlie hei^dd is -IM deu-, 
30 min. (/'/^V "■</'.) 

First hi i,(Trn<i nf tl- 117 /As'/// Oil M<nii'<>>,tl.. 

Se])t. -Ith.-— In the n;oi-niii;4 as scmn as the day was 



DISCO vet;y or :.roN:MOT-TiT couxty. 7 

li_u;lit, wo saw tii.if It v. as ^, )i),l r:>1■,ll^■ fartlu-i' up ; so ^yo 
sr-nt oui' boat to souiul. aiul fnuii<l that it vvas a V(rv lJoo:.! 
liai l)()r and four m- live lathonis, two calile lengths from 
tli€' slior(\ Tlieii wo wo.-i't''! .■ui'l Went in with our ship. 
Then oai' boat wont on hnul wiJi our net to lish, an-1 
faup;ht ton i;rt at niiilU^ts of a foot anil a half loii^f. n 
])laico aiul a ray as uroat as four nion oouhl haul 
iut(^ tlu' ship. S(' w(^ ti'ininitMl our boat and rodo still all 
day. At niii,hl tho w:nd bloA haid at tlio uoi th-\\>'st. and 
f)ur aindior oamo honu, ;ind \\r di'ovt^ on shore, but took 
no liurt, and thank (t<m1. for tho ground is soft sand a.nd 
Doze. This day tin' i)r'ople of the oonntrv (.-anio aboard 
of us and s'Mun.'d viu'v L';hid (;f our comiiii;, and brouulit 
gveen tobaceo h\-ivcs ami -avo us of :t for knives and 
beads. Thev ^o in d.ei' skins, loose and well dressed. 
Tliey have yellow ooi)p r. They d(\sire olotln^-s aiid are 
very civil. They have a ;.;roat store of njaize (U' Indiau 
Avheat, whereof they niako i^^ooil luoad. The couurrv is 
mil of ,i;i-eat and tall oaks. 

Sc'pt. r>tii. — In the nmrn.n'j,', as soon as tlio day av;1?5 
light, the "iud c-ased and the tiood oame. So wo heaved 
oft' the sh,p again Jito iivo lailonjs, aiid sent oui boat to 
souiid th ' bay, and wo found, tha.t there was throe 
fathonis li.i](l by tl'i' soutln-rn shore. (.Mil' nnui went on 
land tlnui and sa^^■ a :;ii aL' store of men. women a.nil ehil- 
dren, who gave tin ni tob.ieco at their eonring on land. 
>So thi'V Went up inio the wood:-, .ami saw a great st<jro of 
-very goodly o.-dcs au'l suni ■ ourrants. ( yv'"'/- '///// //"'•/7e- 
Ici rits). For ojio of thoni came on board and biought 
pome di'it'd. and gavi- me sonm. v,-hich were sweet a.nd 
good. Th;sday nniny of the ]nM)plc cann;on board, some 
in raaath's of featln-rs, .and -.cnc in skins of divers sorts 
jDf g"o<l furs. Some wonicn also rame with jiemp. Thev 
had rod copp.^r toiia.L-co pip'<, ,and otlnu' thingsof copper 
they did w.-ar abon: t!i 'ir n-ol^^. At ni>d.it thev wmt on 
land aga".n, so -\\c rode wvy cpiiet bat durst not trust 
iheni. 

'J'hr First 117 '■■ }["„ h':i\,J. 

Sunday, S.'jit. Oth.- — In the morning \\ as f.air. weather. 



8 HISTOIii OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIE^!. 

and C)ur innster sent J<jli]i Colinan, with four otliev iiieii. 
ill our Ijout over to tlie ]Si)rtli wide to stniud tlif .)ther 
river {^'■j /■/•</ 'cs), l)oiug four leagues from iis. Tl^ey found 
by the way sho;il water being two fathoms ; but at the 
north of the river, eighteen and tAventy i';'th(»ms, and very 
good riding fur ships, ;aid a Aery narri)W river t(j the 
westward bet',vt:'eii two islands {Si'itcn [xlaml on, J Bertjta 
Point,) the laud tliey told lis, was as pleasa.nt with 
grass and tlouers and goodh trees as ever they had seeii^ 
and here very sweet smell came from them. ^So they 
went in two leagues and saw an open sea i Xeicm-k Hoy.) 
and I'eturned, aiid as tliey came ])ac'k th(>v were set ui)uii 
by two canoes, the one havini;- tw(dve men and the father 
fourteen men. The nit;ht came oii and it began to rain.- 
so that their ]jjatc]i v.ent out; and they ]ia<T one mau 
slain in the h^ht, which was an Ihiglishman uained John 
Coliiian, with an arro\\" shot in his tlutjat, and two more 
liurt. It grew so dark that they could not lind llie shi|y 
that night, l»ut labored to and fro on their oars. Tlu^y 
had so great a stiain that their gratmel wcuild not hold- 
them. 

Sept. 7th. — W;:s fair, and by ten r)"clock they re-- 
turned a])oard the slii}) and brought our dead man 
with them, whom we carried on land and buried and 
named tlu- j)oiut after his name, t'olman's Point. Then 
we hoisted in our boat and raised her side with waist 
boards, for defence of.'our men. So we rode still all 
night, having ^ood regard for our watch. 

Sept. 8th. — ^\'asA('rv fair weather; we i ode still very 
Cjuietly. The peopL- came aboa.rd of us and ])ruught to-- 
baceo ami liuban a heat, to exchange for knives and beads 
and ottered us no violence. So we tittint;- up our boatdul 
mark them to see if they Would make any show of tiie 
death of oui' Juan, vdi.ch tln^y did not. 

Se}>t. '.>tli.-— Fair weatht'r. In tlie morning two great 
canoes came alxMid lull of jneu ; t]u.' one \\'X\\ their l)o\vs 
and arrows, and the otliei' a\ siiow of bux'ing kn,\<'s, to 
betra.y v.s ; Init we ])ercei\ed tlie.'r intt-ni. A\'e took tw:> 
of tlicjii to ha\'e k''}pt tliem. and ]iut red coats (ui llieju, 



TIW. ^VHITES ENTKRIXCr .>ANDY HOOK. 9 

and would not sutier tlie others to come near ns. So 
they v."ejit on l.-nul and two others came ahoard in a 
canoe; we took thf> one and hd tlie other 140: hut ho 
which Ave li;ul taken got ujiaud h-aped overh'oarcL Then 
we weighed and went oli" iiitc^ the channel of the river and 
ancliored there all night. 

The foregoing is all of the log-book of Juet that re- 
lates to Monnn)Litli county. The next nn)rning the Half 
Moon })roceedeil up the North Iliver, and on her return 
passed out to se;i without sto}iping. 

In tht^ extract given ahove. the words in italics are 
not of course in tlie original, Imt are underscored as ex- 
planattjry. 

THE AVHITES EXTEIUNG SANDY HOOK. 



The earliest accounts we have of the whites l)eing in 
the vicinitv of ^lonijujuth count v is contained in a letter 
of John de YtM'azzano to Erancis 1st, King of Erance. 
Terazzano entered Sandy Hook in the spring ot l.?2i in 
the ship Dolphin. On his return to Euro})e, he wrote a 
letter dated July 8th, 1.V24, to the King, giving an account 
of his vovage from Carolina to New Eouudlamh Eroni 
this letter is extracted tiie following: 

"After proceediDg a hundred leagues, Ave found a 
very pleasant situation aiiumg some ste^p hdls, through 
which a very large river, deep at its mouth, forces Us way 
to the sea, fi'om the sea to the » lary of the river any ship 
heavily lader. might }>ass with ti;e- help of the tide, which- 
rises eight feet. But as we wtn'*;^ riding at good berth Ave 
would not v-ntur.' up in '.ur vessel Avithout a knowledge- 
of its nn)ut!i; therefore we took a boat, and ent^'riUg the 
river we found tJie coujitry on its banks Avell j)eoplcd. the 
inhal>itaiits not diitering mu< h from the otie^rs, being 
dressed (,(it with feathers of ieirds oi various cohirs. 

Histoi-ians gcMierallv c(.i:i-ede that the foi'egouig :s 
the hrsi not:. c v;e have of the white's cuterii'g Sandy 
H-.'ok. visiting tlu' harbor of Ne\A York or being in the 
vicinitA' of mIiI i^douuiouih. 



10 IJ]STOl;V- (■]■ :,!0NM()l"TH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

Tlu' liist tleetl f]-om tin- Iiidiuiis av.u.s dated 'iotli of 
1st ni<)]i{]!, IC)!')!. Tliis ^vas turlaiuU at Nevesink. t'lom 
till' Saeliem Pop niiora, and .■i;.;rrod to l)y Ir.s livotUtn', 
MisluK'oIiiL;. to James Hul)l>ai(l, Jolin ]5owiie, Jolni Til- 
ton, Jr., Ivicliai-d Stout, AVdliain Gonld'.ii^- ajid Samuel 
8]»ieei-. The artlele>. i^'^ven t*; tlie Indians in exehane;e 
for the hind \\<-re 118 fathoms sc^awani]), i')S fathoms of 
"whieli were to l>e Avhite and. .~() Lhiek seawam]). 5 eoats, 
1 i;un, 1 clout eaj'p, 1 shirt, 1'2 H^s. toh;ua'o and 1 anker 
Avine ; all of wliieli were acknowledged as havrni;' lieen 
received ; and in aCiddtion S'i fathoms of seawamp was to 
be ])aid tAvi-lvt nn>nths hence. 

Poponnu'a. a.nd his hrother went over to New York 
iirid ackno^\ ledi;ed, the deed ludore ('K.vernoi' ^>icholls, 
April 7, liiC)."). The olUcial reci)rd of this deeil is in the 
office of Seci'etary of State at Aloanv, N. Y., in T.il). o, 
page 1. A co})^' of it is also ]'(>corded in Pro]irietor's of- 
fice, Perth And)ov. as is also a ma}) of the laral em- 
braced in the jearcliase. and also in the Secretary of 
State's otlice, Trenton. 

Two other deeds foll()\\ed and were similarly re- 
corded, and on Ain'il Sth the (io\erno]' siu'ned the noted 
Monmouth Pateiii. This instrunu''nt ^iN'es the uame-s of 
" tlic rest of the comp;inv,"" refericd to in tin" third deed; 
they were 'Walt: r Cdarkt\ AN'illiaiu Peape. Nathaniel Sil- 
vester. ()l);id!.ah Holmes and Xii-h-olas l)a\ is, twidve in 
all, to whoii) till' I'.a^ent was ^;ranted. 

(.)nx' of the conditions of the i^Ioinnouth ]'ate-nt was 
" that tin said l^aten.ti'es and tlied- associates, their In^irs 
or assi,u''i-^. >^l':iil ^\'it:Lin tlje s]i;ice of three yea. rs, l)eLi-.u- 
nin.u;- from tin' day of the date hereof, nnuiure and iilant 
tlie aforesaid la.ndt and jn'eniises and settle there one 
huudreil families at the least. 

It seemed iniposilde fui- the (ira\esend men alone to 
induce that numht r of families to si'ttk- within the pre- 
sci'ihed tijjn', hut they had warm pi'rsonal friends iu 
JUiode Islandi, Sandwii.di, Yairuouth arid otlnu' ])lac;-^ in 
i\Iassac)iusetts, .n J)ovel-, New l!ampshii-e. and also in 
<litl'eiiMit Khodj' Island town.s. arid the stipuhitioU was 
complied witii. 



.\X ANCIENT I'ATLNT. 



11 



The fi)Uiulcrs ol the settleuu-iits ;ii MoDinoutli \voi-.-> 
not only hoii'unMe, coiiseieiiti'ius hk ii in thcii' (It-;;!-- 
ings, l)iit also rNc-ee(hi3<i'l_v caiel'nl aid iii;'lh( d'.i-.d '.m tln-ir 
business traiisactii)us. Ihis .s sliown l>y tlie ^t■] v cou-i- 
plete account, still preservtHl in the C'ounty ('Icrks otlief 
at Freehold., of the puichaso of the lauds of the Indians. 
the amount p;iid and to whom, and also tin- nam<s (*f 
those who contributed mojiey toward paying the Indians 
and for incidental ex})enses in mahing the <lit'tV'r<']it pur- 
chases. 

Among the ])U"rchasers were a nund)er who Inid been 
victims of persci-ut:'>ri for tlieir i-tdig!ous faith: son!',- had 
felt the cruel lash, somr had been imprisoned and otiiers 
had been comi^cllrd to] lay heavy tines : otlii-rshad liad w-iiY 
relatives sutler thus. Among those wiio had snlVrrt-d 
were William Shattock. Edward AMiarton. Sannu'l S])icer 
and iMrs. .Micall Spicei-, his mothfi. Eliakim AVard^d and 
wife, Thomas Clifton anil daughter Hop(\ >s'ic]iolas '{);!vis. 
"William licapr, -Mthn Jjowne (the Quaker of Flashing.) 
Eol'-ert Story, .Tohn Jenkins, John ;ind (leorge Alien, and 
Obadiah ITolmes. And a jJumbiM'of others nanied an'ong 
purchasers, s(une of whom did not- s.-ttle in tlie c.nnty. 
ha.d many years ])ef(;re been di^arined and banisledi fiom 
iNIassachusetts. on account of adlurenet- to Antranmian 
^iews. 

Tke prin.('i]»al reasons tleit eaused the founo-.mr of 
the settlements of .MomiiOutli may be summed u]> :n the 
following extracts : 

"This is a vkkv ooor* i.a>:t» to fall in v/ith and a 

n.EASAM TAM> TO SF.E."' ^V/' lltiiiij 1 1 nds, n' .s J.( i:-]i> n],-^ 

lOoU. 

"FlIJ'E ]^,JJ;El;T^ OF CoNSCIF.NiE WITIIOT"!" ANY ^n iFEsTA- 
TJON Ol: I»IS'!'l hnANCK \VHA'!Sol-,VKl: IX TilE WAY ol WnKSlIir. ' 
— 7\[i mmnii], J'ii(t;l\ It'iC).'). 



AX ancifxt patent. 



Sjirewsbui'v township) in old i^foumouth i)i':'.r.nallv 
extended to tin^ extienie southern limit of tlie ] ires,.nt 
county of Oeean. In tin' vearlTlO, ;i poition of the lov. er 



12 HISTOHY OF MON'.A[OrTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

part of SliveAvslniry was ^vt otl'and formed iutij tlio tov.i!- 
slu}) of Staii'orJ. The patent creatiij<i; tLe township of 
Startbrd is dated Marcli iJd, 174U, and was issued in the 
rei;2;n of Georii;^^ the Second, and is sigjied \)\ Govprnor 
Jonathan Belcher, wlio was g-overnor of the province of 
Xt'W Jersey from IToTto 1707. As this patent is tlie tirst 
2)nl)lic oliicial d(>cninent rehitini^' exclusively to the pres- 
ent county of Oce-an. it is a matttu' of gratification to know 
that it is still in existt^m-c and in a good state of preser- 
A'ation. It is on parchment with the great seal of the 
province attached, the ini})ression of which stdl shows to 
good advantage. 

On the Itack I'f the j)ati'nt it is endorsed l)y Et-g:ster 
Read as having been recorded in the Secretary's otiice at 
Burlington. 

It sounds oddiv at the present day to readsiuh higii 
sounding titles as are found on the patent : " Creoi'ge "id, 
King v)f Great Britain, France, Ireland, Defender o( the 
Baith," tVc, "'grants of his especial grace, certain knowl- 
edge, and /.vrr/' motion, *\Vc. And A\hat weighty titles has 
Governor Belcher I •'('a^jfain-Gencral. and Goveruor-irL- 
Cliief, Chancellor, Vice Admiral," iCc. 

This patent will he deposited in tlie othc.j of the 
County Clerk of Occvm Ciuinty. 

THE FOl^XBEBS OB iMONMOBTH. 



WHO THEY ^\EKE AND Fl;o.M WHENCE THEY CAME, 
"luijuire. I }»ray tbef. ct' the furnitr ag-', and j)veii:ii-e thyself tn the 
starch of tht' fathivs. " -Ji'is viu-,s. 

If the |M'-opie of ;iriy section of this great country 
liave reason to lie proud of their aricestry, the iieople rif 
3Ioiimouth most assuredly ha\e. New Englamlers never 
tire of boasting of the Bilgrim hitiiers, hut a noted v,] iter 
of history in an adjoinir.g state, more than half a ceiituiy 
ago, has said t)i;d '" Fast .h'lsey was settled by the l)f>t 
blood of New Jinglaiul."" \1.J'. IlbZ/v.^/.v /// AHi"il-<i;f 
Pliihnlrljj.ni.) The Bilgrim Bathers, the Xev. Bngland- 
(■rs ]io-,v tak(> ph-isure in telling us, W( re not all l'iu:tans 
of the stiaight ho ed, p( isecutitig orde)', but that a large 



A ^YOMAX, OF COUIiSE. 13 

proportion ]i;ul resi)oet for persons wlio c.':>nseientiini:-ly 
ditfered fronj tJieni in leliLiions c)];iuion. And of tJiis i-lass 
of the Pilgrim F.-itliers Ave find uere the principal ni; n 
who founded the settlenient in Monmouth. 

The first o})inion left on record of the section of 
country no\v Imo-wn as ^loninonth is that ^vhich ^vas re- 
cordevd in the log-l)ook of the sjjip Half 31oon, Sir Henry 
Hndson, commander. On the night of the '2d ()f Sej^tem- 
ber. 10()9, he aiichored along tlie beach not far from Long 
BraDch, Willi the Highlands of ]Sevisiuk in sight, and his 
mate recorded the following in the log-bonk: 

'"This is a very good land to fall in Avith and a pleas- 
ant land to see."' 

EverA' good citizen of the connty, it is safe to say. 
will cordially endorse that opini(m at the ]>resent day I 

A AYOMAN, OF COniSE ! 



To a woman, it may be said, shonld the credit bo 
given c>f being the cause of the earliest efforts bv A\hites 
to settle iji iM(;inuonth. P( r,.lo]te Stont, whose rciiarh- 
able history is too well hnoAsn to repeat here, during h.M; 
captivity anuiDg the Indians, had made friends with 
them, and after she had reached Xcw Amstcrd; n\ and 
had married liicbard Stout, she induced lier husbanri 
occasioually to sail across tlie bay trj visit h^i pre- 
server and other Indijin friends, and it is reasonable 
to itresii))!,- that on theses tri])s thcA' were scunetimes 
accompanied bv white friends. These visits so v.eil 
satisfied Iticliard Stout and his Dutch friends that ••this 
WHS a gootl land to fall in Mith.'" tlnit al)out bIbS, 1dm- 
self and iour oi- ti\e other Leads of families sett^'d 
where Middletown no^v is. I'ut tiny remained hove only 
a fe'-v years, a.s they A\ei"e compelled to le.ive on accoiini 
of a war breaking out Itetween the Dutch and Jnilians, 
In Itioij some Oraveseiul njen atten)]'te'l to ]jnik'~' ar- 
rangements vithtlu^ Indians of iMoimsouth foi- settliiig, 
but they uere \vai-.ued otl' bv the Dutch, but th'' vear 
aitev, tlu^ J'higbsh took iiossession of 2se\\' Yoik ajul the 
Graveseiid m.eii rene\ved tin- atteni|)t. 



; :.< t 



■ I . .' J r. . ! • . f t ■ ' . 



"it 



HISTOIIY OF .^[<>NM()^T}I AX]> OCEAN COUXTIE^^. 

A .MjdfOEADLJ': SCENE. 



Eroiii wli;it liMs Ikh'Ii left on I'ocorcl it wonlJ soom 
tliat in t]u' ]i;ill of the old Stadt Honsc^ in New York, ou"' 
Jav two lr,i]ulr(Hl and t'sv* nty ytais auo. tliero ^^as an as- 
send)laue of mou wiiose nioctini:; was one (>f the nio.st im- 
portant events connected witli fonnd:n<_'' tln^ settlements 
in Mliat is now ]\[onn!ontli ("onnt}'. ]t must liave lirf^j a 
scene well ^v(^i•tlly the ei'forts of the nainter. hoth Un' the 
iin])or+ancf of the ohject and ])i iuc;]'l:'S tln^se men Lad 
met to (h'H'iile ii})on and for the strihini;' contrasts in the 
appearance of tlic dillcrcnt panics ]n-esent. The Icadinp' 
person -.n this meet.iiu' was the new British u-overme. of 
New i'^oih. Colonel Nicholls, wlio wc inav jviw^sn.m'- w;is 
attcuidi'd hy h:s stafV. ;ind arrayed in the nniform of the 
British, otticei' of his ihne. Then tliere were men in oroad 
Lrimmed lniis.l<nec lirf^'dies and sliail-hellied coats, pivino; 
evidc-nc' of their ()uals'er faith. Some IV-'W were ])ri)l);il)lv 
dressed in the then usual style of the Dutidi citizen of New 
Amsterdam, a stvle so ura]>hic;dlv desci'ihvd hv Diedrick 
KniclKM'liocher in Ir.s hist<n'v of New York. CHhers in- 
tert^ste(l in the proceedings were pj-oh.-dolv in the usual 
fa>shion of the Pil-.Tim fathers of that daM Euf most 
stnlcin;;' ejf ;dl ~\\as the a]/})eai'anc(> of a nuinher of liclian 
oh^eis, the sachems of the sctioii noAv l<:noA\'n as i^^on- 
moutli county. S.uni- of tliesi' lia<l or. 'hahh' so faradtoj)ted 
file fashion of tlie v^hites as to Av»-;ir coats — the coarse, 
h^ose woolen "■mardi coat."' to wliich the Tn(hians tooh a 
fancy, hut it was manv \ears hefi.re thev tooh to ])anta- 
h^ons ; "Indian's Ic-s stand <-old like ^\hite man's face,"' 
said one of tliem. A\ lien these Tn<hians aoiteared hefore 
Colonel Nitdiolls in 1 lifi."), no white nien lived in i\I on mouth. 
hut icitain I'csidents of ( iraA-eseu'l. Eonu' Island, had 
visited it and found it "a --ood land to, fall in wilk" and. 
a desii'ahle land to :>ettle u^on. 'T'liexhad inter\ i-AVi^d 
tile Indians and securedi (heii- frienil:-,]ii]i and made trr-.-U- 
ies Avlii-h wei'c siL:;iic<l "|,y the <arhi'ms. and tlie^- liad 
])aid th.-m to tlieir f:di satisfaction for their land. Ihit 
he|( ire takiU";' poss-, 'ssa lu of coinincncjiiu' set tie men Is, tliev 



A memoi;ai5Tj: scene. ' " 15 

desired also to ol'tain a t^tlc h-om tlio n^]>r(>seiitHtiv(' ot' 
the I'ritisl] crown. So tlicsi' foiisciontlons iu(-ii had 
sailed from (h'avt'si'iid across to t]i<' shores of ?>rori]i)oi',t]i 
aud ^t;atIior('d toi;'ether the sachem^ and took thera in 
their vessfd across the hay, and up to New York, and 
then to tlie Stat( House t;) call oji tlie ( roAci-nor. Colonel 
Xieholls -vNa.-^ ah't'adv aware that th"se (h'avesend men 
"wished to ohtain a [>at'.'nt for the land, Init the object of 
this assemhlv w.is to have tlu^ Governor receive the 
personal assrirauces of the sacliems themselves that their 
land had heen r>aid for to the!]- fiili satisfaction, and that 
they desired thesr^ men to settle on it. The eovciiior at 
this meeti]!^" receivjii^' from the chiefs themsehes these 
assurances, dec d"<l to ;j.rant the ])atent ; l»ut the (rraves- 
end men wished that tl'is instrument shouhl not only 
show th.it the lands had heen linnoraldy jiurchased of 
the Ind ;ins. hut thev also insisted that in it should he 
put a pledge of unrestricted relieious toleration for set- 
tlers under it. The result was the issuini: the celebrated 
document kno\v]i as the iNJonmouth J-'atent, Avitli its 
declaration that the land had l)e(ui honorahly purchased 
of the Indians, and \^■ith it its guarantee of unrestricted 
religious toleraticm. Fhis ])aTent was reco]{h^d in the 
office of the lvec>n'der of New York, Novemher Sth. 
1C()5 ; it was also the lirst instrunn^nt recorded in tlie 
archives of the Sta.te at Trento)i and in the County 
I'ecords at Freehold.. 

Home seventeiMi y.NMrs later, V/iljiam Penn nnide his 
celeVjrated treaty v>dth the Tn<tians. and how his praises 
have l>eeu scnaided f<'r ])a.vine tJu ni for their land! Our 
3Ic)nmouth ancestoi-s had done the same thing Avithout 
boast or as.-umption of sup.erior justice long Ixd'ore \Vil- 
liarii Penn came to America oj' had e\'en turnfMl <^>uaker. 
The year tliat the Indian sachems of iMonmouth ap- 
peared l)i;i'oie (iovern:>r !Nicholls was thi- same year th.at 
"N^illiam Penn, aimed and e(pii})]ied a.s a soldier, took 
part iu the siege of a t<jwn in Ireland. The fact of iNnn's 
making a trtMty v>ith the Indians and paying them for 
their hiral has keen tliought s.» remarkable that })ictures 



16 IltsTOKY OF 3rOXM()UTIl AM) (XF.AN COrXTIl'S. 

of the scene may l)e fouiul in l>ooks in e\erv school in 
tiie h\in\ ; but that scene in ^se^v York "^vlicn the sacliems 
])uiiirecl to the }'')un(h~'i>; of ^roniucntli. sayi^ii^' in suli- 
stance, "These men hav(* })ni(l ns for onr land — L'i\e thmi 
a patent," Jias a prior riL;iit to l»e commemorated. 

THE FIRST ENGLISH SETTLEIl OF XEAV 
JEESEY. 

In the efforts to treat ^viT]l the Indians for their hui'l. 
"sve may feel assured th;;t li:c]iar<l Stout, the tirst English 
settler of Xew Jorsev, was the in^im-ij^al ap;ent. An Eu- 
<.^lishmaii by birth, he had livi'd so Ioul; amonu' the Dntch, 
and Avith a Dutrii wile, that lie Avas familiar Avith tlieir 
]an!4"iia!4-e, Avhic-h must have been also familiar to liis ehil- 
dreii in their early years. And sevei-al years" rt^sidence 
amonp; the Indians must havi' made him accjuaiuted Avitli 
their lan!4nau;e, also. From th.eir ac(|uaintance Avith him 
and knoAvleil^e of his fair dealin<i;s, the Indians no doubt 
had fcu'metl a favorable o]>i]rion of his associates. A\ hen 
Gravesend ujis settled about ICib"), Eichard Sttutt Avas 
one of Ihe thirty-nine ori,u;inal -ettlers. Theeonsentof 
the Imlians haA'inp; been obtained and the patent ,u;r.inted, 
ilie next stf^^i* on tlie ])art of the ])atentees Avas to secure 
th.e one hundred settlers Avithiu the three yoars, as re- 
quired by the ];atent. This necessitated energetic etlbris 
on the ]^art of the ])roiectors. (_)f i-ourse tlu {.iraxes'-iai. 
jnen did A\hat they eonld, bnt they h;id a sjuall ti.'ld to 
work in, btit tfiey rect-ived nn)st eifeetixe help fj'oni Xi-w- 
port, 111 I ode IslamL 

THE TWELYE PAIT^XTEES, 

It Avorld natuially be sitppe.sed 1»hat the tAvelve men 
nann^d in tiie iMonn.ionth patent A\'(m!d i)e annoi^- the 
actual settlers, but the fact is, only four (>f them settled 
her<\ viz: Eiehanl Stoat. James Gi'ovi*)-, John. I'oune 
and IJichard Giblx/iis. iNTauA- vears after, it is Ni(p[Hised, 
James Hubbard ''ame in his old auc. \\ illiam (be.ihl.nj^;, 
Si'.mael SiJieer, Sj., aiid -b/hn Tdtoii remained at Graxes- 



THE 1:H(^T)E ISIAM) ^rOXMOUTII ASSOCIATION. 17 

end. Nntliiiuiel Sylvester veiniraied at liis lionio at Slu-lter 
Island, at east end of Lonn- Island. (,)l)ad:ali Holmes 
and A\'alter Clarke reniaincMl in Ivliode Isiund. Miehol.is 
L)avis, of Xev.])oi-t. li. I., \vas drowned altout li)72. AVil- 
liam lleaiie, an active, energetic promoter of tlie settle- 
ment, Avas a vouni;- (Quaker merchant i<f ^^ew])ort, A\'ho 
died 1()7'J; liis widow, Sarali Iiea})e. cume to M(nimontli 
and lier only son, William. ll^"(Ml with her, hnt was insant- 
from early mariliood. ^^lenihers of tlie families c^f 
most of the jtatentees, howe\<>r. canu' here, and of eonrse, 
all are entitled to honor for crforts to aid in est:d>lishiuii' 
the settlement of the eonnty. 

THE EHODE ISLAND IMOX^IOITH ASSOCIA- 

TIOX. 

While the (IravesfMnl men seem tc: have initiated the 
moA'ement, yet residents of Xewjioi't, IJliodt- Island, were 
considerahly in the majority in making the riKjvenn^mt 
successfiil, l)y furnishinu the u'reater pait of the nn)ney 
to ]^ay tlie Indians for their lind, and ^n inducing j)crsons 
to settle on it. It is very evident that there w;is tjnite 
an intimate intercottrse hctween tin- Enj.d''^h ]-esi(lents of 
Gravesend ;nid the citi/.iMis of Newport, aiui in some 
cases families of tln^se pku-es were nearl}' related. 

At Newport an ;issoeiation or "coirjp-.iny of ])urch;is- 
ers" w;is formc'il to aid tin,' settleme^it of 3[oiimouth. of 
Avhich AValter Clarke, snhsecptently ;j(>verno]- of that 
colojiy, Avas seriv'tarv, and n( Avhich A\'ili":am lua]>e was 
l^rohahly the most eflectiv(> mendx'i-. Eea])e's luisiness 
as a me)"chant eansed him to traAel nuieh on Lon^ Island 
and to varions to\\'ns iu ?dassachtisetts. Avhich i^ave him 
0})l)oriU]dties. to enlist recruits fi-r the ])roject. a.nd he 
w.'is snch a zcjilnus (Quaker that he was a]'V(\sted in 
Plymouth Colony hy tlie Jhnitans, and on Lone; Isl.ind 
Ijy tlie Dutch" foi' tiavciiiie- with (^)n;do'r ipreachers. 

It seems diliieuir to .-icrount foi' the ^u1)stanti;i.l as- 
sistance e-]s(.uto theefl'urt to secure tiie one liund I'ed 111 C'l) 

A\'ithin there(pi;red time, l)c nieu at SanJv.icli, 'iaiinonth. 
Salem an<l other towns in iMa.ssachuseits, e.\;ce])t on the 



18 HiSTOliV OF MOXMOUTK AM) (x'tAN COUXTIKS. 

tliecry tL;it AN ;ll'aiii ll(\-i}i(', tlio busy, oiior'j;ot^' ^oimo 
Quiiki r, in his travtls ('ul;st<Ml tlirin in the canst-. 

jjost of tlio inu'ilt' Island and L-. >ni;- ]s!and men who 
aided in sotthinu- i\[(inni()nth I'ad nvi'viduslv h\od in Aias- 
sachusetts, and a nnnd.cr were of linulish l>;i-tli. 

Several y(\ars ai;n the PrDi'eediims of the ]>i-C'en- 
tennial C'idc1i|-at!on of the New .jers(-v Leojslature 
Avere pul>lishfd hy th<^ State, and 'n the' A])pcndix the 
writer i^'ave a li>t of tii-st settlers of iMomnouth, Asitli tJie 
places from avIkcIi fjich caiae as far as then ascertaiited. 
This list v,as snl»tant!ally i-opi(-d in tjie rec(nit historv 
of iMoiinn)nth county, hut :t was incomplete, and the 
com}i:ler of that h.stoi-y added ;i few items, soine of -w hich 
need correcLi'ni. 

The follow. n:^- is ;; list of sonn^ of tln^ names, alpha- 
betically arran j,:-.l. of tlr.' j) >rsons wlio ctntrihuti^d tow- 
ard buyinu; the land i)i i\Ioi:uiouth of the Indians aial 
for incidental exprnisi-s in treatim;- with tliem, and also 
the amoujit ]).iid by eacdi: 

£ s. ,/. 

ChristM|,her Alhney . .f I;. 1 4 

*Jub .Mlui.y. " i 

John Allfi! au.l Kol.f-rt Tiiyl.-r. 11. I :3 

Steveu Aniuia, •' .\ 

John l^owiif, (if ( ;r:;v,-„a)(l. T.. I -J: 

*Jobii B.i'.vn,', nf I'lri>luui,'. L. I :3 

James Downc. L. 1 1 it f, 

William Eo'.vur. L. I . ] i ,»; j> 

Gen'urd l^DaiJie. K. 1 4 la 

rdcn.ti'l JJcnWii. ll. ' 11 lo 

Beiijamiii iHinLii ■aid < n.i>rL;o Moant tl 

Nicholas Brown-. U. I 4 

*Fi'an(:-is Briiil. y, ji I ;5 lu 

*neiiry Bull. 11. I ^ 3 

John ( 'ouklin. L.I l.> 

* NV alter Clarke, Iv. I ;J 

Eohert Tan-, 1!. I :j 

*Kobert Ciur ami Wnit.-v t Luko, K. 1 1 

*John Co^'.^'e^hall ' 3 

^Joshua C'oi;..^rsliai; all.! Da.ijicl CnmUl, i:. 1 3 10 

*Wni. Co,l.Iini.'t..i,. R.I ■^ 

Thomas < 'lii'ica. It. 1 ;j 10 

John Cn-^kv' 11. I 3 

George C'hnttr, K. I 3 



THE KHODE ISLAND .MONMOUTH ASSOCIATION. 19 

£ .<?. d. 

Tiidiiiiis Cox. L. I 3 iU 

Joseph Colt-niau ... 3 

*Nicholus Davis, K. I 8 

Roger Ellis aud Son, Mass 

*Peter Essoii (Eastoii, ) I\. I. . . . 3 

James CTiwvtr, L. I . . . i 

Richard Gil.Lnus, I.. 1 1 

*Zachary (^aniitt, R. 1 1 10 

Wiliiaui GuuUliij- L. 1 1 

*Ralpli Goldsiuitli. '• 3 10 

*DaDifl Gould (see J. C^i^es'-iall. ) R. 1 3 

Samuel Holliman iHoluiau i 3 

John Horabin '2 1 ^> 

Obadiah Holmes, R. I i 

Jouathaii Hviliufs. It. 1 3 

Tobias Handscn, iR. I Vi. 4 

John Hauce i Wales Vi 4. 

*^Villiam James, R. 1 1 5 

*JoLn Jenkins, ^[as-; 3 

John Jenkins find Wm. SLaddiiek, Mass 2 

Eilmund L.'.'.'t-tra <Iii;;{ncnot '.'i 3 10 

Henry Lijvpitt. R. 1 4 

Richard Lippencott, L. I 10 10 

*Thomah ^door. L. I 1 13 i 

Francis IMaslers. iN. Y. V) 3 10 

George ^I"Uiit iMt- 1>. Baidani 

Thomas ]'ott< r, R. 1 4 

Edward RaUison, Mass 4 

John Ruekuian. Ij. I 4 

Riehai-l R'ehardsi.u 4 

Samuel Spieer, L. I 4 

Richard Stout, " 4 

*Xath'l Svhester, L. I t> 

Thomas Shaddock, i Ma-^s ?t 3 

AVm. Shaddo.-k and (io. Webb, ,Mass 1 

'vVilliam Shaddock (see J. Jenkinsi 

l^dward Smith. R. T 3 

]lob/rt Stor-, N. Y. < ity 

V.'m. Sliaberly, iS.Mbail'HS 4 

Richard Susscdl. R. 1 4 10 

Joun Tilt* 'U, Ii. 1 4 

''John Throckmorton, R. I 1 C, S 

John Townseiid, L.I 4 

*Ed-A ard Thurston, R. I 3 

Nathan TonrKins, it. 1 4 

E(! ward Tanr. ilMass^i 3 17 C, 

ro.b.-i Taylor (se, J Allen, ) R. I 

Emanuel Vo(jllev, R. 1 3 



20 nisTOiiY OF :ifONMorTii a\d ocean counties. 

€ s. I?. 

TboH. AViutfi't. Ill, IM 3 

*E<ln-aia AVliartoii. :Mass :3 

Eliakiui Wanltll, '• 4 

Geo. Wfbb (si-e Win. Sbaddock, ^ilass. i 

Thomas \Vhitlo!-k. L. 1 3 17 G 

'' Bartholomew Wet^t, E. 1 4 

Eobert West, IL I. 1 

Walter Vs'all. LI i 

John Will, •• 3 10 

John \\'ilM m 4 

John "Woo.l, E. 1 4 lU 

In adflitiou to tlic alxne uaintMl tl'O follo-wiiiij; ])t'r- 
sons were al.S(i ])nr(*liasers or settlers, }»r(>1>al)l_v betV,re 
the expiration of the thi-ee years' limit in the Patent : 

James Ashtini, 11. I. Bai-tholouian Lippen(?ott, L. I. 

Jo3e])h Lryce. Wilhaiu La\ ton. E. I. 

John Bird, Wm. Lawreiice, L. I. 

Abraham Brown, ill. T. '?! James Leonard, Mass. 

Wm. ClAfOsman. L. I. Le-.\is ?kIattox, II. 1. 

Wm. C'oMijiton, " Wm. Newi^iau, (Mass?) 

Jacob Colo. Jo.st'ph Parker, It. I. 

Eenj. Deiull, E. I. I'eter Barker. 

Thonias Dnngan, I'.. I. Anthony I'a^e. 

Daniel Estell, L. I. Henry Perey, E. I. 

Gidt-ou Freeborn, E. I. AVilliam Eoi^'ors. 

William Giffovd, Mass. V.'illiam Eeape, It. I. 

Janice. Grcvf'r. Jr., L. T. Jdm SIncuiu, I;. I. 

Thumas Hart. E. I. Samufl Sh.uldnck, Ma.^s. 

John Hall, E. 1. Wm. Shearman, E, I. 

Eobt. Hazard, |E. I. ''.) John Smith, iH. I.Vj 

James lb ard, r^I.ass':'! John Stout, L.I. 

Eaudali Ilnet, Sr., N'. X. Eiehurd Sadler. 

John Ha^\es, Barth. Shamqncscpie. 

Eandall ILiot, Jr., N. Y. John Tom.son, Mass. 

Joseph Hr.et, '• .Job Throekmortou, E. 1. ■• 

George HiiL.tt, (E. I. ?i Ptter Tilton, L. I. 

John Huven.s, E. I. Thos. V, ansii-k. 

John .Jobs. Eobt. Wtst, Jr., E. I. 

Robert Jones. X. Y. Thos. Wri-lit. 

Gabriel Kirk. Marmadn];- Ward. E. 1. 

Jolin Jenkins, of SancVsvieli. ?.Ia_ss., sokl iiis share of 
hiii'l .Jiily ()th, lG7o, to Cfeorgc Allf^j. a noted (^)uaher of 

Til-' p'-r.-ii ii;s marked with an a>tfrisk I ^ 'i did n.it settle in ib'' < '■ ■n.'if/, 
and, mo--t i>t' thiiu transferred th.ar claims to nth.'rs. A lew wiio -".i-re (ini'e 
pr<»mini'nt in the lirst Sr-tth-meiit of the county eventually wmt ba'-iv to 
Ehode Island, .me'nf.; ^\bom nere .stc\-en .Vnujld, JoJiatLau ibJm>s 
but C'hristoi)her AUmey. 



1 ■ '.'.i 



THE imODE ISLAND JIONilOUTH ASSOCIATION. 



01 



Sanclwicli, some cf -wliose doscpiidjiiits cauie t(3 Mou- 
moutli. 

JJanicl (lonlvl of XeAvport, 11. I., and .Joshua Goj^'j^'es- 
hall of Portsiiioutli, li. I., also sold sliares to George 
Allen, July Ttli, KT/'i*. 

Walter Ciarki^ also sold a share to George Allen, 
September 1st. IdTii. 

Thomas ]Moore, vrho was a pjromineut citizen of 
Southold, L. 1., sold his share to Capt. Christopher 
Allmey, August -21, 1071. 

Piobert Story, -who Avas the leading Quaker in Xew 
York City, sold his share to John Jay of Burbadoes, AV. I. 

William Shaberly, also of Barbadoes, sold his share 
to John Jay. 

Robert Carr of Bhode Island, sold his share to Giles 
Slocum of Portsmouth, -who crinAcyed the sauie to his 
son, Captain John Sloeuin. Xovembcr 'J,'2, 1072. 

Zaeliary Gauutt sold his shurf to his brother, An- 
nanias, in IfJOS. 

AVilliam (ioiilding of Long Island, sold his share to 
Pichard Ha.rtshorne. 

Samuel Borden of Portsmouth, P. I., sold his sliare, 
1()71. to Lnvis Mittox of the sanii' phice. 

Governor. AVilliaui Cw.ldiugton, was said to be the 
%vealthii:'st man in Phode Ishiud ; the writer has found 
no record f^f his transf»-rrii)g liis share, but thinks it possi- 
ble that G-eorge Pluhdt, an original settler, may have 
occupied it, as a ]>erson of that name was in Clovernor 
Coddington's employ, liiol, and previously, and the name 
disappears in Phoih> Island after IGGl. 

Oo!) AUmey. I'liis name is now generally given as 
xVlujy. Jol) and his bi-uther, Christopher, both paid for 
shai'es of haid in thr origiucil purchase of lands from the 
Indians. ■ They were sous of AVilliam Almy, vrho it is 
su])]tosed came ovlU' A\'ith Governor Winthrop to ^^lassa- 
chusf'lts alujut l<i:;l, and retui-ncd to England for his 
family, l(j;)5. lie located tir.^t at Lyyn. Mass., next at 
Sandwich, and in 1014 settled at Portsmouth, a town in 
close proximity to Xev/port, P. I. William Almy was 



I/. .1',.. 



l:.>r 



■■} 



i;.i' •' I '.') \ 



22 mSTOEY OF MONMOl'TII AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

born iil)(nit lliOl and died It'.TC). He is said to have l)oeu 
a member of tiie Society ;>f Friends. His son, (Jliristo- 
pher, who came to r^fonnioutli, was l>orn in Eni^laiid 
about li')'.j'2, and died Jauuary oO, ITl^i. Job Alniy Avas 
probably bom in ]}Iassaehusetts, and he died in the 
Sprini; of 1G84 at Portsuioutli, li. I. He married Mary 
Unthank of Warwick. 11. I., and h'ft several children. He 
lield several honcn'able positions in the coIodv of llliode 
Island — was deputy in the Colonial Assembly, 1G70-2, 
Governor's assistant, ItiTo, etc. 

Francis Brinley. This j^-entleman vras a G(jvernor's 
assistant and leading judge in Ilhode Island. Pie was a 
son of Thomas Briidey, wlio was auditor of revenues of 
Charles 1st and 'id. A sister of Francis Bi'inley married 
Nathaniel Sylvester, one of the Monmouth patentees. 
A descendant of tlie Brinley family, named I'ldvrard, mar- 
lied Janet Barker of the Andxiy l*avk'^r family, and one 
oi their children was the well remembered surveyor gen- 
eral of East Jersey, Francis W. Brinley. 

Henry Bull. This honi^st, ind()mita])le old (Quaker, 
one of the active friends of tlie settlement of Monmouth, 
was Governor of llhode Island. lG8o-l)0, and died 1()9-1, 
at an advanced age. Before settling in llhode Island he 
had been a victim or I'uritan persecution in Massachu- 
setts. His history and the genealogy of liis descendants 
have been quite well ])reserved. 

Ilobert C'arr was of New|)ort, II. I., and 1)r>>Lher of 
Caleb, wlu) v. as Governor, iti'i-"). These two were ])r(jba- 
bly the Robert Carr, aged 11, and the Caleb, aged 11 
years, v,"ho came to Ann^rica in the ship Elizabeth and 
Ann, lV}'.]i). They are b(;th named as freemen at New- 
port, I'ioo, and lloV)ert is named there, iCtST. He sold 
his share of laud in Monmouth to Gik's Sloruni in BJT'i, 
who conveyed the same to his son, Capt. John Slocum, 
who settled in MonnunUh. 

'Jdiomas Clifton Avas an orie-inal settler of Iiehobith,. 
Mass., 1()I;!, ;unl sabsiM^ucntly became a (,^)uaker. On 
account of beinu" [lersiM-uted f.)r his faitii he went to 
Uliode Island, Avhere he lived when he paid for a share 



THE rJIODE ISLAND MOXMOT'TH ASSOCIATION. 23 

of land ill Monnioiitli. His (lau<.^liter, Hope Clifton, -was 
also a victim of Quaker persecution. He Avas a deputy 
ill the 11. I. colonial assenil>ly, 1()75. 

William Coddiui^'ton. This is another honored 
Eliode Island naiiie. He was about the v/ealthit^st of 
the original settlers of Rhode Island, Avas Governor, 
1G68, 1()7I:-G, and died, KiT^. His name is one of the 
most prominent in the early history of that colony. Ho 
did come to Monmouth. He had in IGGI a man named 
George Hulate in his employ, wliose name disappears 
after that date in R. I., and then as the same name ap- 
pears among original settlers of ^Monmouth, it may be 
that George Hulate settbd on Governor Coddingtou's 
share of land. 

XJcholas Davis was one of the tM-elve patentees, and 
also paid for a share of land. He was born in England , 
was a freeman at Barnstal)le, I'll:), became a Quaker, and 
being subjected to persecution, settled in lUiode Island 
and was admitted freeman at Newport, IGTl. He wa9. 
drowned in 1G72. His widow, Sarah, was in Monmoutli 
for a time. 

Tliomas Dungan was a ]n'ominent Baptist preacher, 
and in IGTS was a deputy from East Greenwich in the 
E. I. colonial assembly. It is ]K)Ssible that lie visited 
MonniDuth as pveaciier. In IGSI: lie left Rhode Island 
and settled at Cold Run, Rucks Countv, Pa., where he 
, died, 1088. 

Roger Eliis and son are named as jiaying for shares 
of land. Roger Ellis was an early settler at Yarmouth, 
Mass. ; he married Jane Lisham and his son, .loliu, was 
born Deceml)or 1, 1(118. His name is sohiotirnes given 
in records of Plymouth c(»lonv as Else. 

Henry l^idl of W. I., was ]U'ominerit in forwarding the 
stdtlement in Monmouth bv inciting persons to aiil in 
purchasing the land of Indians and indueiug settlers to 
locati^ there. He was a meml)er of th^ Rhode Island 
•'company of purchasers, '" of whicli Walter Clarke was 
secretary. 

Robert Carr of R. L, paid for a share of land ill 



ti I : r' i . ( . : ;• 1 



24 HisTor.Y or MoxM'^rTir and ocean counties. 

Moumontli, M-]iieli ho sold to Giles ?^loeuin, who deedetl 
the siimc' to his son. John Sloeum, u'lio sotllod on it. 

William Chadwiek and Thomas Cliadwich settled iu 
Moumoutli amon^' original settlers. Thev are suyiposed 
to have come from 1\. I. Th^ name is so often misspelled 
as Shaddock and Shattock, that in some cases it is difii- 
cult to distin^^'nish the family fiom that of Ys illiam Shat- 
tock, the noted Qnakev, who Avas persecuted in ]Mas.>a- 
chusetts, who also came to Monmoutli. and ahout a 
dozen years later, moved into I]iii'linL;"ton County, X. -T. 
He was a (Quaker of the ]n"imitive stripe ;ind a personal 
friend of Geor.u'e Fox. His (.]iiaker nou-resistent vicAvs 
seriously interfered with his duties as (TO"vernt)r to exert 
his position to have soldiers enlisted and armeil to dt^f.nid 
the colonists from tlu- fearful attacks ot the Indians in 
the time of Kini;" Phili[i. In some of the em(n',4'eneies 
some subordinate took mihtary matteis in liand. A\ liile 
his first act as Governtn-. in ]May, KJTH, was to issue a 
commission to Capt. Arthur Feuner as "Chief Com- 
mander of the Kin;^"s Garrison at Providence,*' which 
was established in view of Indian troubles, which does 
not a])pear to 1)6 iu accordance with C^uaker principles, 
yet William Edmund son, the celebrated Quaker, says in 
his journal that he could not ^dve his consent to kill and 
destroy men in the Indian wars at that time. Governor 
Walter Clarke occupies a very important and memoraV)le 
page in Khode Island history. He died in 1714. 

THE MOXArOFTH PATENT. 



THE DATE OF TH]^. SECOND INDIAN PLIiCIIAsE ^VAS AI'lJE 7. 
1()))0 ; THE EOIJ.oV.'iNG DAY, ffOVElL\(U: NICOlLS GKANTED 
THE NOTED MONMoETH I'ATEXT WHICH WAS VS FOLLOWS : 

■'*To all whom these j)reseni;s shall eome : I Piehard 
Xicolls E>.(}., Governor under his Poyal Hiuhiu'ss tlie 
Duke of York o,i al! Ids Tej-ritories in America send ureet- 
iit"'. 

"Wheieas there is a certain tract or jiarcel nf land 
within this <^-ovevnment. hin^ a.nd beiuj,' \i:r,iv S.iM'ly 
Point, up)on the Alain: wlr'ch said piarcel of land ]iat]i 



THE :MOXMOrTlf r.VTEXT. 25 

been witli iTiV consent and a})|>rol);ttiou lioup;lit by some 
of tlie inliabitants of GravoscnJ upon Lonu" Is];ind of the 
Sachems (chief proprietdrs tlicrofi wlio before mc Ib-nu 
ackiK:)wkHlucd to have received satisfaction for the same, 
to the end tliat the said land may be ]danted, manured 
and inliabited, and for divers other good causes and con- 
siderations. I have thouuht lit to j^ive, contirui and u'rant, 
and by these presents do ,u'ive conlirm and pTant unto 

"WiLLIA.M CT(»ri.DIXG, SA.Mri:i, Srie'EK, liICHARD (.'lir.IJONS, 

liicHAKD Stoit. James (ii;ovEi;, Joiix Lowx. Joiix Tiltox, 
Xathaxiel Sylvestei;. A\'ilt.ia:.[ lli-ArE, "WAErij; Clauke, 
Nicholas Davis, Ojiadiait Hoi.:,ies, ])atcnttn's, and tlieir 
associates, their lieirs, successors and assigns, aJl that 
tract and ])art of the main Larid, beuinnini;' at a certain 
phice comnnjnlv calKnl or kuo^ivn bv tlie name of Sandy 
Point and so rviniiiiiL;" alonu; tlie l»ay West North AVest, 
till it comes to the mouth of the luiritan ^ii^er, from 
thence g'oinp; along the said river to the ^vesternmost part 
of the certain marsh land v\diich divides the river into 
two parts, and from that part to run in a direct south-west 
line into the v/oods twelve miles, and thence to turn avray 
south-east and by south, until it falls into the main 
ocean ; together with all lands, soils, rivers, creeks, har- 
bors, mines, nuinerals (Itoyal mines excepted,) quarries, 
^voods, meadows, pastures, marshes, waters, lakes, fish- 
ings, hawkiugs, huntings ami fowling, and all other 
profits, commodities and herpditameuts to the said lanvls 
and premises l>elonging and appertaining, with theii- and 
every of their a])purtenances and of every part ami iiar- 
cel thereof, to have axd to hoed all and singular tin- said 
lands, hereditaimmts and premises with their and evi ry 
(ji their ajipurtmiances hereby given and graritt-d, or 
lierein before nu-ntioiied ti> b? given and granted to the 
only proper use and b;dioof of tljp said jiatentees and 
their associates, tludr heirs. success(<rs and assigns for- 
ever, upon siich terras and I'ondititnis as her<''after are ex- 
press'Ml lliat is to s;!y, th;it th*- suid patentees and their 
;issocia'ics, their heirs or ussigns shall within the space 
of three years, heginiiing fiom ilie day of the date hereo", 



2G HISTORY OF 5I0NM0UTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

manure and plaut tlio aforesaid land and premises and 
settle there one hundred fannlies at the least ; in oonsid- 
eratioji whereof I do promise and .f;rant that the said 
patentees and their associates, their heirs, successors and 
assigns, shall enjoy the said hind and premises, witli 
their ap]5urteuances. for the term of seven years next to 
come after the date of these presents, free from ])ayraent 
of any rents, customs, excise, tax or levy whatsoever. 
But after the expirati6n of the said term oi seven years, 
the persons who shall he in })ossL>ssion thr>reof, shall pav 
after the same rate which others within this his Koyal 
Hip;hness' territories shall he obliu-ed uuto. And the 
said patentees and their associates, their heirs successors 
and assigns, shall have free leave and ill )erty to erect and 
Iniihl their towns and villages in such places as they in their 
discretions shall think most convenient, provided that 
they associate themsehes, and that the houses of their 
towns and villages he not too far distant and scattering- 
one from another ; and also that tney make such fortifi- 
cations for their defence against an enemy as may be 
needful. 

"And I do likewise graiit unto the said patentees 
and their assoi'lates, thgir hdr.s, successors anl assigns, 
and unto any and all otlr^r person-, Avho shall j)laiit and 
inhabit in ;\uy ot the laml aforesaid that thev shall luvve 
free liberty of conscience, without aiiv molestation or 
disturbance whatsoever in their wav of worship. 

" And I do farther grant unto tii ■ aforesaid patentees, 
their heirs, successors anl assigns, that they shall liave 
libarty t i elect l)v tas vots of the major }»art of the iu- 
lnil)it-iuts, five or seven other jiersous (^f the ablest and 
discre?t;3st of the s lid inhibit cats, or a greater iuiml>er 
of them (if the patentees, their heirs, successors or as- 
signs shall see cause) to join with them, and ihey to- 
gether, or the major [lart of thi/m, shall have full ])ower 
and authority to make such peculiar and prudential laws 
find constitutions amono^t the inhabitants for the better 
and more ordeily governing of them, as to them shall 
seem meet ; provided they be not repugnant to the pub- 



C0M3[ENTEMFA'T OF SETTI.K^fEXT.S. 27 

lie laws ol the o-ovorainpnt ; and tlifv shall also Imve 
liberty to try all caiise.s and actions of d?l)ts and tres- 
passes arisinnr amou-st themselves to tlip value of f,n 
j>o>nids, Avitliout ai)iieal, l)nt tlipy may remit the h!:'aring 
of all crin)inal matters to the assizes of New York. 

"And furthermore T do promise and rrrant unto the 
said patentees and tlieir associates aforementioned, their 
heirs, successors and assio-ns that they shall in all thino-.s 
have equal privileoes, freedom aiid immunities with auv 
of his majesty's sul)J!H'ts within this i^-overnm-nt, these 
patentees an<l their associates, their heirs, successors 
.and assio-us rendering aiid paying such duties and ac- 
knowledgments as now are, or Jiereaftor shall l)e consti- 
tuted an.l established by the laws of this government, 
ruider ol)edience of his Iloyal Highness, hi"s heirs and 
successors, provided they do no way enfringe the privi- 
leges above s|,ecitied. 

"Given under my hand and s<.;d at Fort James in 
New York in Manhattan Island the Sth <lay of A]n-il, in 
the 17th year of thereign of oursovereign lord Charh-s'the 
S(>con.dby the grace of God, of England, Scotland. Fi'ance 
and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith. .Ve-.. and in the 
year of our Lord God IOIkI 

raCHAltD XiroLLS. 

'' Knh reil In tJw (,tfirr nf rr-ord in \en' York, th>: <hnj 
and iJLdr ahore iri-'dh n. 

MATTfiiAs XicoLT.s, Secretary-." 

CO.MMEXCEMEXT OF SETTLEMEXTS. 



THE TATEXTEES AND THEIlt ASSOCIATES.— O HANTS AND COX- 
CESSIOXS 'iO SET-JLEi:s.— THE AfOXMoUT}! I>ATEXT.— THE 
FIltST J.l-OJSLATIVE ASSEMlU.y OF NEW .lEKsEY.— LUYIXG 
LAND OF J'HE 1XI»LV\S. 

Tlie years in whith some of the settlers came to 
Monmouth is given in their claims made in K;;."), for 
"Eights of LiimI due acffM-diiig to Grants and Concessions 
nia.lc by th.. Pro]naetors." A rercn'd of these claims is 
presei-ved in the- ollic-e of Surveyor (lenrral of East Jer- 



28 IllSTOKY OF MOX-MOUTH AND OCEAN OOUNTIKS. 

sev ;it Pcifli Amnoy, j'roiii wliic]! tlio folio vviiiL;; f\tT;tet« 
are maili' : It will l)o seen tliat iiiuler the "Ciriiuts and 
Concessions," tine men nam.Ml m the A[()nniouth ]'ateut 
"vvere allow(fil ,"30',) acres each; then each man and ^\'ife 
120 acres each ; tli'-n rdlowaiices i'ov cluldren, and also 
for servants. 

The names of most (jf the early Sf^ttlers of 7\_ro]im(^iitli 
are ^u;iveri in Pro]ir!etors' ]vec >i'ds at J'erth Anil)oy, l)nt iu 
a majority of c;is"s. the year is ne)t ^iven when they came. 
"\ ery raany to mIioisi v.arrarits for land ^vere issui'd in 
1()7;") and snbsequently, had been settlm's ff)r a numlxn' 
of years })revi(^ns. 

TIte following' list of wairajits ,^•i^es nann^s of per- 
sons who ch-rimed laml iiiulev Clraiits and Concessions 
and the uniounts .urantcd tht^ni : 

1(17"). Here begins the li'_i;-hts of Land dne accord- 
ing to Concessions: 

Eicbaiil Stcnit, of MidiUftown. livniLi^ for his ri^^'hls foi- biuiself, bis 
vifo, his two SOU';. Ji. !ra and liirbruil. l^narre- each. 4su ncivs. i!>>iri. — 
For bis sons and (laii^^'hteis that ar-^ to coiue of ii,'e since the yoar lliij", 
viz : J;anies, reter, Mary, Alice and Sarah, each 00 acres — 300 acres. Tot ah 
780 acres. 

John Stont, of Middl-jtown, tor himself and wife, 2iO acr^s; Iciebard 
Stout in his own riijhl, Shrewsbury. 120 acres; James i^tout in hi^ own 
right, CO acies; I'e-ter Stora in his own ri<,'ht, iri acr^s; Sarah Stout in her 
own right, i',0 aia>'s: James Bourn 1 (Bov.-nei in riL,ht (^f biinself uud wife, 
Mary Stout, '210 ucres: John Throckmorton in riL,'Lt vl himself and wife, 
Alice Stout, 21i( arves. "^ 

Thomas Whitloek. of . Middletown, f(>r bis rights from the y>- a- K'.iU 
for himself, wife ami tnree sons, Thomas, Willi i:i' an 1 John, iu all, fivo 
persons, at .120 p.'r head, tU)0 acres 

Katherine IJr. )wn. the wi;low of ]? irtholomew West, of Shrewsbury, 
in right of lier^elf and deceased, husband, from I'W'.C,, '.la a,-ros eai-b— 180 
acres; and for her twi) sons and dau-iucr, Stephen. Wiliiaiu and Audry 
West, (10 eacli-lso arv<-s 

Nicliolas lii'own in bis <.wn ri^bt from ll';;.3. I:i0 acres, ,i.nd bis wife's 
from l('.i;i;, '.(0 acres - 210 acres. 

Captain John liowne. of A[i liUtcu a. for liis ri,:,dits, l^th .March, 
IGTo, 5uo acr;.'s as (i.-in_' a rirst ))ur.-!!aser - r)!!.) a/ri s. //.,)),- For riuhts 
of himself and wire. Id-- father, nc'lber, ami for \ViHiam L'ompt cl and bis 
wife from lirsl yea'-, 12il a'-res each, 7s;) arn-s; three servaTits ,it t'.o acres 
each. ISO acres. 

Jonathan Ilcliurs dr'ma.uds for his .7)a avre-, uci' en by ili,' Lords 
Proprietors ,(s bei!i-- one o, the I'.d'-ntees und. r tir-t purcb.a-e at Nave.^ipk, 
and iji ri;.;bt of self an ' wire, 2li! a -res -7b' acres. 



COM-ArFNCEMEXT Ol' SJ.TTT.EilENT.S. 21,' 

Ob.-iiliali H..li')i's f..r .sdf aii.1 witV. -2 Id acres. 

Edwiu-d Siiiiib. :\[!il.llft(.\vn. silf. T-^n acivs. 

Jauies Aslir(.n, si If ainl viti,\ "JU) arns. 

Tliouias Cox, stU and witV. 241) aens. 

Julin Tliiirdvinoitdu aii'.l wiiV fiuni tirst ;.ear, 'i-lO acres; ami in n'glit 
of his father, Jolni. -2-1:11 acres. 

Job Thr(_ii'ki;K"-t()ii, ^elf, 120 acres. 

Charhs Hyiics ill ivik-'.m aud wife. 24tl acres. 

J(;seph Hint in ri.Ljht of JJauilall Huet and wife. 240 acres. 

Sarah Iiea]ie dfii:ands fi-i- hei riL.'Lts: lu ri'_'iil of IScnjaniiii Speare, 
Shrewsbury, 240 acivs; Jnhii Hornd.ll. >hr('w-,bnry, 2Hi acre,^; Thomas 
Dunj^aii, Slirewsbiiry, 240 acres: James Leonard. Slirewslmi-y, 240 acres; 
Marmaduke ^Vard, Shrew.-^bnry. 24; t acres; William James, half share, 
Shrewsbury. 12ii aci-es; S^-lf and husband. Shrewsbury. 240 :'.crcs; Self and 
husband, Middletuwu, 2 40 acres; Samuel l^orden, three-fuurtli .^hare, 
Sbre\.sbary, iM acre>*5iJosep.h Bryer, 120 acres — 2010 acres. 

Christopher .Vllmey demands for his rights, Imp"d foi himself and 
wife and thice seiViinr, in the vtar b'.O". at 120 acres a head, which is in 
part in fence, COO a.]-es; in vi-ht of John Ji^all. wlio rame same year, 120 
acres; in right of lU my Lull, one of ihc first pureh;isers, 120 acres; in 
right of HeuryPiersie ami wife from the year iriijC, isif acres; man servant, 
00 acres— lOKO acres. 

Jonathan JbJmes as being a first purchaser, ."JOO acres; and f(jr self 
and wife, 240 acres; Obadiah Holmes and wife, 240 acres, Edv ard Smith, 
120 acres; James Ashton and wife, 240 acres; Tliomas Cox and wife. 240 
ucre.s; John Throckmovtou and wife, 240 acres; John^^hi'ockmonon for 
his father, Jthn, 24U acres; Jo]> Tlirockmorton, self. Tit* acres. 

^Variants ioj' trjiel^- vi laiid to l>e subsfqiioittly lo- 
c-ated and survcved, were is.sued \)\ tlie Propi-iotoir, to 
the foUoAving among (nbor persons : 

1G75. Nichola- JSrown, 210 acres; Thomas ^\'a.inright a.nd wife ISO 
acres; Katherine Brov.n, late \\idew of Bartholouiew AVest, in right of her 
deceased husband, ISO ac'es; Stephen. William and Andry West, CO acres 
each, 180 acres; Edward Lafetra and wife, l^i) .icres; Robert West, 12^> 
acres; .Vln-ahani Brown and v.-ife, 12o acres; Joseph I'arki r ami wile, 21't 
acres: Kichard Stout, Jr., and wife. 120 aciv-s; Kichard Stout. Sr , ami whe, 
780 acres; John St^ut. 120 acres; Jame.-,, Pe^ter and I\Jary Stout, I'.o i^ach. 
ioO acres; rdch.tvd Hartshome, 200 acres; I'eter Pa'-ker, isO aciv.-; Francis 
Le Maisvre. 240 ,ie.-,_.s ; Cleme^ut ami Bauliue Masters. 120 a, -.-es; Tlnimas 
\V right, self and wife. ISi* acres: i Gabriel Stelie. 12o acr '.i. 

1070. Christophei- Ailmev in ri'^htof si If, wife and others, lO>Oacj-es. 

Sarr.h lieape in ri^ht of ten persons. 20iu. 

John Th.-ickec'iTon, 4-;o acres; J,ib Tuv, ,vka;orton. 120 acres; Jaiiies 
Asht >n, 2!oaeies; Tlionia-- ( ox. 210:t.T-s; Josepii Ilm t, 2lii :cr.<; Jai.ies 
];Owue, 210 acres; 'iho, ,,./.-, Wanie. 2 to arres ; St.plien Arn.ild. D'^O aer^:,; 
IlanTiauiah Crirt'i.rd ami win.-. 2iOacre<; Tl'om.as L-i .]s, Sr., ainl wife. 12'! 
acres; Wdiiam Leeds auil wife. I>orothea, 120 acres; j)aniel Leeds a,nd \\ife. 
Anne, 12;i acres; Tliouia-. Leeds. Jr., 12j acre.-.: Cleui. ni Siiiun and Lii/a 



30 HISTOriY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

bis wife, T2tl rtores ; Creon:;*' Shinu, (i(t ficrfs ; Tlioiuas Jacol) and wife, 120 
acres; William Hey Jen, (JO acres. 

lOTi). Tb.i'.nas Coolc, 00 acres ; John Cliampners, OU acres ; Vf'illiaiu 
Sbuttock, i^C.ii. 

Sanmel Spicer. for bis rii^bcs from Lords Proprietors, -"iOO acres; and 
for self and wife, 2i') acres— 740 acres. 

Col. Lewis ^lorris, (for iron wurks. i about 3,000 acres. 
Jobn Hance. ;!;'.(» acres: Ki<'bard liii.-bardsou, loO acres; .fobn AV'ilsr)n, 
240 acres ; James Crrovcr. loOt) and ;iilM) —SGO acres; Peter Tilton ("lOi) and 
570)— 1070 acres; Ricbard Gibbons. 5011 acres; Sarab Pieape. .500; Xatbaniel 
Silve.'-'ter, oOO .acres; James tirover, Sr.. 400 acres; Her.rv Leonard. |450 and 
3G0) — 7.10 ar'res : Riv-buvl .Sailer, ■210 a'_'rc-s; .Jobn Jobs. PiO acres ; George 
Jobs, 1-20 ajres ; Francis Harbert. 12) acres; Tbomas H irbert, 1 132 and 
240)— 372 acp^s ; Benjamin Devell (iJeuelli, 2>0 acres ; Jobn Vau'/nau, 135 
acres. 

li;70. V.'aUer Wall and wife. 210 acres; Willi mi Liyton and wife, 
240 acres; Jobn Smitb and wife, 21i"l i-rcN ; Eiebrrd Dans and. wife, 120 
acres; Daniel I'^stell and wife. 120 acres; James Dorsett and ^\ ife. 240 acr'^s; 
George Moniu tiiid wifi^. 21'i acres; William Cbfeseman. 120 a"res.- Tliomas 
]\Iorford, 120 acn^s ; Jnbn Williama an<l wifr. 2-i(i a.a-cs; Henry Tdarsb, 120 
acres; William \\bitfl,ck. ]2f) a(rHs; Jolm Wbit'docr. ]2ii acre's. 

Rieb^ird Hirtsb.ivne. in ri ;bt r,t' serv;iius tlint le- bath brought. 00 
acres each, 270 acres; riubt nf Willimn Coidnigand wife. -.'lO acres; right of 
Eobert Jones and wife. 240 aia-es -75n. 

William liawrence. in vlvM of sdf and sister. Hannah Lawrence, 
240 acies. 

Jobn Havrns and wife. 24'1 ;tcre-;; William ^Vortb and. wife. 240 acres; 
Mori-is Worth, 12^ acr^-s 

1077. Caleb Shrife iShrievei. iii r-bt of J<,hn (^.ol-e, 210 acr. s; Jobn 
Slocum and wife. 2t0 acres , Penjannn Pnidan and wife, 201 ai'Vis ; John 
Hauce, \vife and man hcrvant. ;;on acres: in right ot Ji'h!i F.'xall. 240 acres- 
in nglit of 4'boilouh Swin v. 'Jlo a-re- ; Fdward Wlaiyt.ui and wite. 2l0 
acres; Prancis I'mrden in riiriit of Xatbaniel Tompkins. 240 acres: an 1 for 
self and wife. 24') acres- 4><0; Jolin Px.rden and wife. 2 O'l .-icres. 

Sarah J!ea])e. in riu'bt of Thos. Wjitt-r^MTi and "if-. -jltO acres; also 
Christopher Y-^>-y<- I'r') a^id wife. 240 aiavs; nl<n Gahrifl Ili.-k.^ and wi^'e. 240 
acres; also ^^lavmidnr.e Ward. 210 aia-es ; also William James, 120 acre^; 
also self and hiisbaii.i. 2)it acri-s; al>o S.-.mnel I'lirden. '.!<» acres --141M. 
1070. Hr'jb Dik.'inan, wif^- an<l daughter. :',c,0 a-'^res. 
Abrab;im P.n.wn riul wife. 24i1 ac-ivs. and in ri;;ht IVter Tiltt^n and 
■wife, 240 acres - ISO ; Isaac Onu'i' and wife r-iire-n-s; John Knckman raid 
wife, 2i0 acr'^s ; Richard Lippfiieott. ^\lfe aixl two sons and two sr-ivants, 
fiOO aci.s; Jobn I.ipi'cn-ott aial ^vife. 240 a,-r. s ; John A\'i m >ll<-y and wife. 
120 acres; ]::ii,d:im Wurd.'ll, in ri^'bt <if Ni.-hobis Davis, ten siiares. 4sO 
acres; Tbomas \\'an\ and wifn, I'lo acres; St. jdien Arnold -ind wifi-. in 
riurbt S;;mnel ibihiuan. r,(;0 acr.s ; (4, oru'e Hub tt and wife. 2 to arrrs ; 
Thomas iSarm s, wile :njd maid s,.vv;ii:t l^ti arrcs. 

1077. Tl,oT;as A].ph'_:at'\ Sr,. 2t<. acr.'s ; 'I'li-anas Apph--0.-. Jr., 120 
rtcres; Jobn Ring. ";0;u-i-,.s, Ebcn- ■/.( r Cnttn-il. 12tiacr.-s; ddiojaas Wilii-uus, 



COMMENCEMENT OF SETTLEMENTS. 31 

60 acres ; Adam Ch;aint-lb(mse, 2-4'i aeu-s ; Uo^nu' Liiipencott aii<l wifr-. ilU 
acres; Peter Eustoii ^uul wiU'. "Jin arrts ; Pett-r Tiitiai. in iiL^bt "t h[> 
brotlier JoLu and witV. "il'' acres; (Tideim FrfeV)'>ni aud wife. 2H' acres; 
Jacob Cole and witV\ "iiit ;ures ; Uenjaniiii KoLjers and wife. TiO a_-rTs ; 
Keiuend)ranee I.ii)pen(()tt am! wife, '24:1.' a.eres ; Judaii Allen, in riL'Lt of 
Aunauias (iaiTett, "ilO acres ; Ji.idah Allen, in rii/iu Daniel (rould. 1'2^^ acres; 
Judali Allen, iu }'iL;ht Jnslina Co'^'geshall, I'H) acres; AnnaniaU (Tiff'Til. in 
right Wiu. Gittord. 1"JU acres: Elirdviin Wjuxlell and wife, •21i» acres; 
Eliakini W ariiell. fia- Kuliert M'>ry and wife, "J-liJ acres; Saiuuel Wnnlcf.tc 
and wife, "i-K.' acres ; llannab Jay ali;.s Hannah Conk, GU acres ; Sannrel 
Hattou (no .inunuti. 

1(378 — JJaiiiel Ai>ple'4ate, T20 acres; Smnvu-l Leuuard. "2-11) a.-re.s ; 
Xathauiel Leonard, 12ii .u-res ; Thvunas Lei>u:ird, Vl\) acres; Ih nry 
LeonartL Jr., 1:^0 acres; .Jolm Leon.-u-il, r2i_i acre< ; Sanniel Willett and 
■wife, r2u acres ; Lewis ^Littex. three tracts; Ci'inclivis Steeni-ien. adjoining 
lands ; William Lawrence, m ri_;ht of cri^'inai purchaser, for self, wife and 
son, SOU acies. 

' 1(j7U. liihcer Ellis. 440 acres; V.'iHiam Conmtun, 2mj acres; Nicholas 
Serrah, 8U acres; lsa.ac Bryan, 840 acres; Jacob Triax, iTrnexi l"2i} acres; 
Peter Paiker, Geurye Parker. Stejihen V\'e>,t, John Jerson. Clirisiiipher 
Gilford. Janet W all and wile, liiUacres; Jiandall liuet aud wife, -241) acres: 
Derrick Tnm.'S'iu an^l wife, 'Mo acres; Jcshua SilverweiO'l and wife, 12(J 
acres. Safety Gi-over and ^\■ife, 120 acres; Jacob Triax ! I'ruax i, l"20 
acres; liob'.rt Hannlton. Ion acres; i'honias Potter, wife, son and daughter, 
at Dealc, oOO acres; Francis Jeftrey, at Dcale, l20 acns; Isaac Bryan. I'op- 
lar Swamp, self, wife, four children and eij^ht servants. S4n acres. 

ItlSl. Patents, or ce.ntirniatinus of titles for laud were panted to 
Gideon Freeborn, Hannah Jc>y, l-itnr> IJownii'.n, <_'al-b Shrieff, (Shrievei. 
Peter Ea.ston. Johji Williams, <Tei'rL;e Parker. Nathanir-l Cammack. Samnel 
Woleiitt, Francis Jedries, l.'aniei Leeds, Jose^ih Wanleli. Jcbn Chaiiiui.s, 
Pirstre Lipji-iicott, Ibnienibrauce Lii'iicncott. Jobn Lipix. ncott. (..hristo- 
pher Gritb ird, Morris Worth, Annauias tblford. Edward Wharton. Henry 
Mar.sh, John Slocum. Natbani, 1 Slocum, Thomas Potter. Eliz dieth Hatton, 
JoV) Haven.s, Samnel Sjacer. William Skattock John Hance, Peter Parker. 
John Clayton, Stephen \*. est, Edmond Lafetra. William West, Francis 
Pardon, (Pnvtlame r ), John C]ja;i;l)ers. liol.,rt West. Thomas Hillorne. 
Tobias Hansen. Jobn ijoiden, Jolm Worthley, HiiLrii r)ick:nan, Wil!:;un 
Morth, F.li.d'Cim V. anTrrrrJ^t^rTJerson, benjamin Pou-rs. 

In li'iN.j to Pichard Ganliner, .Samuel Colvor, Garret Wall, and 
George Corlies. 

In iCiSii to Gir.-h.-m liowne, ' '■eorge ^lonnt, Safety Cirover, James 
Grove", Jr., Joseph Wesf, George Keith, ilobert Hamiltt)n and Francis 
Jackson. 

In b'lST to \^'il^!anl Shidock. E Isvard WiUiaias, Tliomas Eaton^-, 
Jacob Lip.jiencott Thomas Huet, Aliigail Lippencott, Francis Borden. John 
Borden, I'eter \\ liiie. .(olm (Jianfvnd, John Brea (Brayi, Samuel Wbiie, 
Job Jenkins and Nath.iiuel Parl-er. 

In icsjs, ^ba-de,.ai(.ibbon,. ill iv.;ht of his fatlier, Pi.-bard Gibb(.;is. had 
contlrmed t(j him a tract of ."JID aires. Aud so called '• head lands " v,ere 



3'2 illSTOIlY OF MONMOUTil AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

granted to Juines Paul and Isabel, bis ■svife, 3!' feres ; Itobert and Mary 
Cole, 30 iu-res ; AreLiliald Siliver and Christiana, bis wife, 30 aeri s ; also 
patent tip Tbouias and Iliebard Hankinson, 120 aeros. 

In IGSO Eeliecca Coward, a servant of William LHiekiira, bad a 
patent tor 30 aeres. ^vbiea sbe trinsi'erred to John Bowne. 

In 10',)2 Iliebard llartsbi>rne bad jiatent iit ri^bt of Walter Clark, of 
K. I., one of tbe patentees. oUO acres. 

In 10'j3 Tboinas AVebley bad patent in li^lit of Stepben and Aitdry 
West. 

In 1C07 ]>atents vrere given to Gersbom Mott and Jobn_Cbanjberlain._ 



THE FIEST LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY IX XEW 

JELSEY. 



It is very evidoiit thnt (luriu.o the first two or three 
years of the settlement, there must h;ive l)eeul>risv times 
for the litth'j sl')0])s in c.-irryim;- settlers to and frc* and in 
luingino; over their families, household goods, mercdiaii- 
dise, jnml)er, etc., from their old homes t(j tlnj iiewsettle- 
meJii. AVe may «-onje( ture th;it after the hrst setth^rs 
landed and Jiad selected their lots or tracts of land that tiie 
first work -would he puttino- up shelters, either log hou>es 
or perha])s more pretentious dv.'el lings of lumherhrought 
from Gravesond, X^ewport oi' elsewhere. Clearing the 
land and putting U[> fences \v,is the next seri(nis task. In 
tliis work the hrst year would prohahly be occupied. 
Perha}>s many of th(-m did not i»ring over their fnmilies 
to reside perniauently until this work was accomplished, 
lu 1(507 the settlers louuii themselves so f;i]' advam I'd, 
with dwellings erected and lands cleared, that tiny had 
op}iortunity to take measures to ei^tablish a hx-al govern- 
ment. 

By tlie terms of tiie Xicedls patent, i^the ])atentees 
named, I t]ieir associate's, hidrs, successors, and assigns 
had lihorty to elect by tlie v(,te of the major jiart (A the 
inliahiiants, "live or .->eveii other persons of tlie ulilest 
and discrr-etest of said iidiaoitaiits '' to join with th. lu in 
making such ])eculiar and j)rudential hiws as to tlK^m 
seemed meet. 

In ]>ui'surance of [his pei'mission a General Assem- 



BUYING LAND OF THE INDIANS. 33 

l>ly of delegates from the three towns w;;s lield in Shrews- 
bury on the 14t]i of December. hU'u. This w.-us the first 
legishitive Ixnly ever assembhsl in Xew Jersey, rdelmril 
Piichardson was cliosen as its secretary, and appointed 
to record acts, orders and deeds, and hence may l>e con- 
sidered the tirst County Clerk of Monmouth. His rec(u-d 
of the proceedin-s of this Assembly is still well Dre- 
served. 



BUYING LAND OF THE INDIANS. 



In Auo-nst. K^CI. the Dutcli at New Amsterdam sur- 
rendered to the English and soon after, the Gravesend 
men befV)re alhuhil to. ma<1e another and a successful 
eifort to purcliase land of tlie Indians .'ind witliin a few 
months made two other purcliases. 

The first Indian juirchase was by a deed dated Jan- 
uary '2o, lODl. legal year. Januaiy -J."), ICfi.",, bv our cal- 
endar year; the original record of this deed is at Alliany, 
N. Y., Liber 3, page 1. It was from Popomora. chief of 
the Nevesink Indians to Janu's Hubbard. Jcdm Px.wnM. 
John Tilton. Jr., ]Mchard Stout. William Goulding and 
Sanuiel Spicer. ad of (bavesend. This docd was also 
agreed to by .Mishacotng. a In'ofhor of IVrpomora. It 
was witnesse<l by Imlian^ nam.-d Pickhoran, <Jhecockran, 
Chrye. Serand and .Mingwasli. The considerations given 
were as Ibllows : 

118 fathom seuv.-amp(wam])um), of wdiich u8 fathom 
-was to b<> M-hite si-awamp, and ;")(.) fathom l»hick, 5 coats, 
1 gun. 1 clout cai>]). 1 shirt, 12 lbs tobacco, 1 .inker wine; 
all of whicli wn-e rcknovdeelgcd as received, and 82 
fathom-- additio]ial of scaA\anipto be- paid twelve nn)nths 
hence. 

The int^^rpretc rs were John Tilton. Sr., James Bowne. 
John H(U'a!»in, Ifan.lail Huet and J.-hn A\"ilsoii. The 
tact ol thoc m(M) being iidcr])retei's slunvs that thev 
previously liad had considerable intercour^.e with the In- 
dians. 



lo < 



34: 



HISTOr.Y OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 



The second j.urdiase was dated April 7, lOlJo •url 
^-as from In.liaus unmed Taplawappainiuun.l Mattain.-- 
hickainck, l.-nvi.ocliamniuiid, Kaekeidiam. ^Jattanoh 
>orclion and (,)urrineck and tlie deed was to John Tiltou 
br., Samuel Spu-er, William Gouldin- lli.-liard Gil.bons 
James Chover an.<l llidiard Stout. 

^ Tlie third purchase was dated June .5, 1(565 and 
irom India,Ls named Manavendo, Emmerdesolsee 'pop- 
pomera, Checawsen, Slianliemun, Craman^^cum Wine- 
germeen and Mac.-a, and tlie deed was to James Grover, 
John Lowne, Pichard SLout. John Tilton, Richard Gib- 
bous, A^ dham Gouldi)!^, Samuel Spieer and " the rest of 
the company." 

The articles -iveiilorthe second and tiiird purchases 
were wampum, wine and tol.ac.-o, 11 common coats three 
pan;sof breeches.!) blank-s, J5 yard-, dutlbl , coarso'cL.th. 
4 1-2 lbs. powder, 15 U2 lbs. lead, etc.-in all about the 
same value m ].rop:.rti(.n as for the tirst purchase The 
ongnal record of tlu^se deeds is also ;d Albany and 
copies are recorded at Terth Ambov and at T;enton. 
Xhese purchases were acknowledge before Governor 
^icolls at New y',,rk. In their first land sales, the In- 
dians were anxious to procure coats, but thev seemed to 
have cared but littl^ fur bresches, preferrin^^to .^o bar- 
egged ; said an Indian : '• Indian's legs like ^vhhe ma^.'s 
ace, no want covering- But Popomora and some of 
lis chiels were prol)a])ly induced to wear breeches as 
they liad to visit the settlement at Gravesend an,l also to 
goto^ew \<,rk, to ackm.w]cd;^e tlie deeds bef.^ve the 
Goverma, and Tilton, St(mt and the others would natu- 
rally- object to the Indians paradin.^ through the streets 
Ot ^ew York, dressed ^vith only a short coat and nerhaps 
a lew feathers stuck in their Imir ! 

The fodowin- account is a sample of receipts and 
expenditures m the original purchase of the lands oi the 
Xnaians and the names of the purdiasers and shares 
awarded is f,-om Book A, Freehold Pecords : 

Xe^vasink. Xarun.sniik aiul Puotapeck, Dr. as foiloweth to WiUr.aa 
Iveape : 



I "i! J ■ ! -I '. ■: 



r' ,_A I .i (,. .1 ) 







35 


£ 


.V. 


<i. 


•24 


5 


u 


2:3 


10 





2;-, 


02 


(t 



BUILXG LAND OF THE INDIANS. 



To Ju)in Tiltnii .111(1 I 'ouiiiaiiy 

in pcTij^'iie * 
lu rniii ;it tyuios at 7-C> p,>r qrillon 

-ir, dnrt'-ls 

To thy .^iichciu of yo -ift ],'m,l 

aiul to It-.uilal Hui't in rn.ni j 00 ,3 

To a sloop Lire 10 ,lays, \\itli fxpeiicos " ""■ 

iu provisions np<m ,1 voy.-i-o with the 

I'atentres to rontnpeek Nock 4 OG 

To the charL;e i>f thi-ee nitti sfut 

from lihodf Island to settle ye, the 

connterey attVti)-s here ^ ^^^ ^ 

To the use oi; Derriek Smiilis sloope 

for their transp.irt -l 11 T 

To 21 days for luyself on ye 

publiipie affairs with })ro\isions 3 o;j 

To the forbearame of niyniou.'V 00 

To ijiy exi)f nse of new atlendin.^' the 

puhli(pie servie.' at the making of 

this aeeonut 



1539315 



00 

£SU 07 



11 



The above aceoni])t of (lisLmsoiiieiits of Willi;ii„ 
Eeape, amountino- to i'Sl) (i7s Od is owned l)v ns, the 
Patciiter-s and ])eputi('s now ].resent at Portland Point 

Witness cur hands tld^ Jth d<iy 0/ Jujij, 1G70 : 

Will CIoulding, 
Jajiks Glovei;, 
John J3owne, 
IJiciiAr.D Ginj30Ns, 

Ids 

PiicHAiiD X Stout, 

mark 

Patentees. 
•loiiN IIancj^, 

ElIAKIM A^'AIIDELL, 

Jam]:s Bowne, 
Te.H{i<: 11. IJicjrAiJDSGN. 

' IJaclius- History onj.q.tist. says a w;.u;).nia rcag.ie .vas ^vortb ouc-sixth of a i^eiiuy. 



II > 



BicccsJ: 



3G iiistoi;y or moxmouth and oceax countiks. 
iMOXMOL-IH COUNTr--A\HEX ESTAliLTSHE ]\ 

The name Moiiiiiontii was olHciallv ..-iveii to iha 
county 3Iarcli Ttli, 1G83, as will be sppu by tlie fnlh.wiiu; 
extracts : ' '"^ 

" Att a Couiu-ill liol.l tlie 7th day of the nio-1 culled 
March ICS 2-:] - - ^^ ' - ^ ^ \ 

"A l)ill sent doAvno from the Dopntves for devidcin-- 
the p'vmce iuto Countyes read and" agreed vtiio;'-- 
Journal of proreedln<js of Goc. cb (V"^//'-//, 1G.S2— 1703. 
Tlie followi)i,o; is au extract from the l)ill'referred to : 
" At a (len.^i-al Assembly begun and holden at Eli/a- 
bethtown in this Province of E.-,st X.nv Jersey the first 
day of the ^lonih called March Anno Domini li;S2 and iu 
the Eiye and Thirtieth year of the reign of King Charles 
the' Second, oyer England, ^c. and there continued by 
seyeral adj<nirnments thereof until the tAyeafy-eio-ht day 
of the said Month of 3Iarch, for the public W^ale^f thi^ 
.eroyince ^yas Enacted as folhr^ys : 






• "IV. An Act to dlclde the Provhire into Fn.., 
6^^^^...-Haying taken into consideration the necessity 
of diyidmg the Province into respectiye Counties for the 
better govermng and settling Courts in the same •— 

-ne Uj-na.-t,_d, by this General Assembly, and the 
Authority thereof, that tliis Province be divided into four 
counties as folhnv..th : (Here follows the bounds of ]3.r- 
gen, Essex, and Middlesex, after which the bounds of 
Monmouth are given as follows :; 

'^ JA....^..A^ Co.nttj to begin at the "^^estward 
Bounds of Middlesex county, containing Middletown and 
Sl^rewsbury and so extend Westward, Southward, and 
iNorthward to the extream Pounds of the Province 
Irovided tins distinction of the Province into Counties' 
do not extend to the infringement of any Eiberty in an.' 
Charter already granted." 

The munc Moiunouth was giy^n to the countv 

lirough the influcnee of Col. E.wis Morris who at tJ.; 

beginning oi this session (Maivh 1st,, u-as said to havJ 



DISCOVEIIV OF OCE.VX COrxTV. 37 

been '-EloWed f,„. .Sli,..wsl„u-y - as ,. l>p„tv l,„t J.i, 

Oc-tober 2otli, 1«70, .ai,l to cnutai,, a,54„ a.-r.s wh.,'' 

pon ho locate, a. described in Jr.sO. ■■ ,„. ;,;;';,: 

n,3I„oors, aud divers other buildings for l,is servants 

the Jill a Hi Husbandrv. To tins ],la„(ation be -ave tbe 

DISCOYEi;!- OF OCEAX COUXTT. 

. m'° '^'■•■" 'li«™vered"lwrseetion of onrconntrv' 

T^_ho first en eredna™e,at Bav, and ex,,lored its so ' 
1. ho ^vere tko lirs, whites vho located here ? Ha 'e an; 
accounts of the India,, ouce Kvi., here y,,,, .^.^J^o 
These are among- the first une.strons which „at,'; 
in-esen themselves in n,a!nn, inquires into th e V h ^ 
tory of this section of our .State WU^ „ , : 

furm.sli as full answers as dosiraWe v.^t mm] I'n 
preserved wldc-h is c-f interest to li '''.'''''-^' ^""^ ''''^'' 
ang imormation on these and kindred points " ^ ^" 

as Oca'', Com?,'" '"' *,'"" '""' "*'^'-- J"-r --- known 

^"t),ecedbratedoi;i'i::;:s;:^::^-^-; 

was quite small. l.Aino- of onlv ..••] ^ + -L'U-^ slup 

ofain.i,dtha,w-on,d^,,:v";:':.:::::;;;;:r:,:;;:t-.T' 
oe..ioLdywere;::r^;h:r;;r:ii^:;'^-t:-::::f 

:-::::.:;;i;:::a;;t;;;dr;t:r:"r''"'''--"-^^' 

CoiuiK. ■ '^ spaturiu- m.^n of Ocean 






'}{)') 



38 HJSToriY or moxmoujh and (Hi:.\y cotnties. 

This shi]i, tv.-o or tliroo Jays ])rtnioiisl_v. liad trieu to 
enter Delaware IJay, bur IjikIiul;" tlu' nawiuatioii dan^er- 
ous, no atteia])t an as mad;' to land, and she a^ain <l()(»d 
out to s< a. Afte]' u-(^ttiii^- fairly out, Hudson liHad<Ml 
nortli-eastwardly, and after a while hauled in an<l made 
land, Sf'pt. '2d, near E^u' llarhor. A vtu-y coui])h'te loo- 
of tlie ship was keipt hy the mate, Alfred J net, and the 
part relatinii;- to M<uimoutli and Ocean ec^unties is 2)u1)- 
lished elsewhere in these ])a<4es, 

Samuel H. Shreve, Esq., who in past years has furn- 
ished many valuahle histcu'ieal itenis to the y?w Jersey 
6'(:>'//vV/', says in a e())nmuiiic'ati(m <h-ited January, ISOS : 
''Ferrago Forge was erected l>y (-en. Lacev in ISO'J. and 
t}ie same year Dover Forge was built by W. L. Smith, 
the son-in-hiw of Lacey." 

It has liiH'U stated that Eacey expended ten thousand 
dollars at Ferrago in budding tin- dam alone, and the 
constrnetitni of tlu' foi'ge and otiier buildings and of rhe 
road to Forked Eiver must have requi^-ed a A'ery consid- 
erable outlay of nnjney. 

OU) :\IO^'M(.)UTH DESCRIBED FY AX AXCIEXT 

AVFJTEF. 



MIDDLETOWN, SHKEXASBUJIY ANlJ EllEEIiOT.!) IN 1708. — NEW 
JERSEY A r'AEAIiIHE. 

We copy the follovring from the celebrated but quite 
rare work of Oldmixoii, published in ITOS. The car<itals, 
ortln tgraphy and italit-s are about as in the original. 

After describing ^liddh sex couiity. he says : "We 
cross over the river from ^Middlesex into 

Mtn'uiKmtli County; ^\'liere Ave first me(d witii Ji/V- 
(Jhfjm a ])retty Gooij Town consisting of ]00 Families 
and 30.000 Acres of (i round o]] A^hat thev call here (hit 
Plantations. "Tis about 10 or 12 miles over Eand, to 
the XorfhA\ard of Shrt^wsbnry and 2(j miles to the South- 
ward of Fiscattaway. Xot far oil', the Shoar winds ilself 
about like a Hook and Ijeinu sandA' gives Xame to all the 
Bay. 

S],reii'shii rn i>, the inost Southern To\\-n of the Frov- 



OLD MONMOUTH ]>Esci;nri:r) v.x ax axcient wiuTEn. 39 

ince and roc-koiiM tli* rlr.ef j'owu of tlic Sliire. It con- 
tains abont lllO Taiii'lirs aiu] od.Cdu Acivs of ^V/// Planta- 
tions, belong'inij,- <o its J)l\',s;on. "Tis situated on tlie 
Side of a fiT'sli AVatev Str( ;;ni. tlieuco t-allcd Slire-\vsl)nrv 
River, not far fioni its iMor.th. Between this Town and 
Jl (ddl<to}i is an Iroii AVoik l)utAve do not n]ulerstaLid it 
lias been any <i:i*at Benetir to tlie Pro|)i Jetors. ('ol. 
J/o/v'/.y is building' a I'iiUicL ;it the Falls. There's anew 
town in the t'tjnnty e;died 

J" reeJiohl, whuh has not been laid out and inhabited 
lonp;. It does not eoiitjiin as yet above -tO Families and 
as to its (V?/?" Plantations we su})])ose they are iiiucli the 
same in i'und>er with the rest and niay count it about 
30,000 acres. 

U'e have 3iot divided the counties into Paiishes and 
that foi' a ^'ood reasoir there l)einii; none, nor indeed a 
Church in the whole Province worth that Name. P>ut 
there are several ("oni;re_;;at;ons of Churcli of KiKjhnid 
men as at Sh i-tu'dm r]!, Andn y^ rAi'^cJ'tth To^\■n and /'/(^t'- 
Zio/''/ Avhosc IMinister is iMr. -/o//;; Juiili:-, liis Income is (;5/ 
a year; and a ('hurcdi is l-uilding at Saleiii. 

In anotlier place (Jhlmix!)u in s])eaking of the iirst 
settlers of ^^ew Jersey says : 

" ^^'e must note that most of the first Eijf:,lish Inhabi- 
tants in this country (East and AVest .Tersey; were ]3es- 
senters, ami most of theiu (^)uakeis and Anaba])ti>ts. 
These pe(,|)lL^ a.rc u;.:'n:'rallv industrious: I3e tlieii' Hypo- 
crisy to tle^ms(dve>, if they are Hypocrites; but we must 
do them the Justice ti - o\\ n that they are the httest to 
iidiabit a uevr disci )\-ered (/(-untry. as v'^^sessiuL!,' Industry, 
and shunninii; those pTi])]ic Vices which beeet Idh-uess 
and AVant. T]i(-\r enenries drove ^reat nundters of them 
oat of Enis^land, and the Jei-seys hail their .-.hai-e of them. 
The People here are for this Pieason Dissenters to this 
Day, there beiuL;" but t\\ o C'liurcii of Fnu;hnid iNIinisiers in 
both Provinc's : and t]r.s nia\' be one reason mIiv there 
are uo Pai^isli C'huri-lies, whieh tin- Inhabitaiits may be 
afraid to 'Duild, least :t miuld !)■- w temjttation for more 
Orthodox ] )i\ines to eome amou''' them. 



40 



illSTOKY or 3I<:)NM0UTn AND (,)CLA\ COUNTIES. 



"A geiitlcmau asking one of tlio Proprietaries " If tl>.n:: 
wen nn Tjiirijt'rs: in the •/c/'V'//.v /' ^Vas answered 'A'f-'.' 
AnJ tlu^n "IffJierr ir,,'i:nn J'}ii/sJr'ni,i.< / ^ The Projiri- 
ctor replied ' ^A''^' ' Xor P(i/'s<.ns .■'' adds tlie Gentleman. 
' A'o,' says the Proprietor. Ijion wliieli tlie other ervM 

' If'/"// ./ /iilJ'J'!! I'l'lrr: iiL>l-sf t/'is lir a in! Iidir ICOi'fJuj ihe 

name of i\ua'/i'< .' ' "\\'e do not })erhaps dili'er more from 
this gentleman than we agree with hinj."' 

Oldmixon dt-rived liis information of Xew Jersey 
from two of tlu^ Pruprietors as will be seen hy the fol- 
lowing extract from hi- preface : 

"Mr. I)<ii:li_ri'<i and ]Jr. ('•:■'■ were lioth so kind as to 
inform him fully of the J]:i,si:ys and Mr. l\:n did him the 
same Favor for I'lU ii-^tj.vd n'ni ', these iJiree Crentlemen 
doing him tlie H()nor to admit him into their Friend- 
shi})." 



OLD MOXMOl'TH UNDEP THE Dl'TCH. 



Ex-Governor Parker, dec"d, in his valuable ad.dress 
before the Xew Jersey Historical Soci<'ty, proilnced the 
old t<jwn book of ?uidd]etow]i tuwnsliip, Vvhicli gives the 
history of tliis section of East Jer.->(-y from KKV? to 1702. 
After the Dutch ccnquest in IC-TM, it was stated that little 
or n{>thing is record.td in the toA\ii bo<ik ilurinti their 
brie't' rule (jf less than a vear. 

The Dutch had the supremacy in Xew York and Xevv- 
Jersey until KKM, when the English conquered tlie 
Durch. In I^■|7^^ a A\arha\ing a^ain broken out between 
Etigland and Holland, a sn)ail Dutch sipiadron a\;is sent 
over and aire^rd at Staten Island. .July iM'ltli. Gaj'ta.in 
Manning, the English otUcer temporarih' in coiiiiiiand at 
XcM' York, surrendi red at once without any ethu't to de- 
fend tlie ]ihu e and the Diitc-h again resumed swa\' ovr 
Xew York, Xew -Tersey an;l settlemcuts jilong the Dela- 
ware. They retai'aed it however ouh' a few months, as 
by a ti'eaty made ii; Ee!>i-uary followiiiL;, thes*^ ] 'laces 
wej-e c<-ded back to J:ingland, thou-h the liluglish ajipea)- 
not to liave-taken formal possession until Xoveiijbcr fol- 



OLD .MONMoUTil UXDEII THE DUTCH. -il 

lo^viii^f. Diiiino; this slioit tiuio Avliilo tl)e Ihitcli Avere arr;iin 
in autlioiity. «-iril;-'-.K-inu- the time tliai tlie MiilJlc-town 
towiisliip l)<)ok T(H-(ir<ls 1 nit little or iiotliiuL;;. tLe folh-w- 
iiio- items relating- to Old ^lornnoiitli, are iV)uu(.l aniou^- 
the official records of tlie Dutch at Xew Yorlc. The lirst 
is an order issued shortly ;ifter their arrival ; the ortJio- 
g'raphv is i;i\en as fouu<h 

" Tlie inhal)itants of Michlletown and Shrews i>ury, 
are here]>y elmru'eil and recjuircnl to send their deputies 
unto us on Tues(hiy nn>rninu' next, for to treat with us 
upon articles of surrenderini;- their said towns under the 
ol)edienee of their Hi L;h and !N[;,u,hty Lords, the States 
General of the said I'nited ih'ovinees, and his serene 
Highness, the Prince of Orange, or l>y refusal! we shall 
be necessitated to subdue the phu-es thereunto l>y force 
of arms. 

"Dated at Xew Orange this bith (hiy of August, A. 
D. 1073. 

" CoitxKLis EvKirrsE, Jr. 
"Jacob Bexckes.'" 

In coin])liance with the' above order, de])uties from 
ShreAvsbury. jJidiUetowu and otlier ]»laees m Ea.st Jer- 
se}', a])peared in eoui't on the ]Sth (»f August, antl upon 
tlieir verbal reipn-st the same privileges A\t're granted to 
them as to DureL eiti/ens. 

" August 1 lull, biT;!. .Middlevown. Shrewsbury and 
otlier towiir^ in Achter C'oH, to name two (h'])Ut:es each, 
who shall nom'nati' thrie persons for Schout and three 
for Secreta)-\ s. <iui of whieli said nominateil persons by 
us shall be elected for each town, thre.' magestriites and 
for the six towns, one Sellout, and oic^ Seei'i t;iry. 

'■ Jacou ]b:xcKKs. 
" CoKXEEls Evi:i;TsK, Jr." 

Aeld'T ("oil above nientioni'd, is said to mean "be- 
yond the hills.'" that is. bevond ll^-rg-n Hills. The 
Duleli in New 'i'ork, il is -,!ated. sometini. s called Oiil 
iMcnii.aouih and othei- luuls of I'kist Jersev, be\()nd ]>er- 
gen Hills, by this name. 

"A[ir:! liUli, liJTJ. A certain judclamatioii Ix-iiig (h'- 



• ■•I'-. 



,1.; -Mi I •.itli<li,,< (.1 I 



./. ,J-M\|<.</. »•> /t:f. lULi -iilj -o^aJijO 



42 HisTOi;Y or .aion.uouih and ocean counties. 

livoreJ into Couiu-il from tlu^ :\[a.n-ostr;itos of tlio T(ninc 
of ^Mid'lletouuo, ])ri)liil)itiii,i;- all inlial)itaiits fr. >ni (lp})art- 
iii<T (^ut of said tciuiK', uiili'ss tliev i^ivo hail to retniii as 
soon as their Lusiiifss will have boon jx-rforiued. or thov 
be em})love(l in piiolic service tVc. reqnestii).<j; tlie Gov- 
erners approval of the same, which heinjj; read and con- 
sidered, it is resolved and ordered hythe (ioverner (len- 
eral and Council, that Jio inhal»itant can he hindered 
chan-^inu; his domicile, wdhin the Province unless 
arrested fin- la wf'.d cause ; however <n'dered that no one 
shall depart from the tonne of Middletoune, unless he 
previously notities the Ma^cstrates of his intention.'" 

CAUSES OF THE llEVOET^TIOX - PKIXCIPLES 
INYOLYE.D. . 



EARLY STAND TAKEN r,Y THE CriT/ENS OF MONMOUTTf. — Pr.o- 
CEEDING.S OF VIEiriTNOS IN DIEEEliENT ToWNSHU'S IN 

1774-5. — Fiirj:Hoi.i) eeads t}ie state. — C(trNTY reso- 
lutions. — AX AD.MIEAllEl-: document. — PATltlOTS APPEAL 
to THElPt Dl.sCENDANTS. — ''A FAFIHEUL P.ECOP.d"' OF 1774. 

Historians of other States lup.e a.hvays conceded 
that the citi/ens of New Jersey were amouii- the earliest 
and most active oppoiients of those tyrannn-al ai-t> of 
Great Britain which broui^ht on the war, and tinally re- 
sulted in sepai'ation. Lar^re and siiirited ])ul>hc met-t- 
iugs were held in \arious parts of the State m 1774-0. to 
deiKtunce the ohnoxious laws, and to or<.i;an.ze for counsel 
and defence. 

At this sta>;-e of atl'airs, reparation from Eni;la]id had 
not Ix'cn ])rop()s;-d. ami uiost of tl-i-se me(4in'4"s, \\'hiie 
condemning;- th(^ acts of the ]>i-itish 3liu'..-.try and Parlia- 
ment, still expressed decide.l loyaJlv t ' the Kiui;'. < >liv 
ancesto)'s warmly serondiMl tlie :-.tam^ t;vken l>y tin- pi'opie 
of Boston, and frrcly forwaided coulrihutioiis to the .>uf- 
ferin^- iidial'ilauis of that city. 

W" annex extrac ts froiu the proceed in;j,'s of some of 
lliesr^ me tin-s in ( )ld Monmouth, as they exhihit the 
timelx /cal and hrm and decided spirit of its citi/cns, and 



CAUSES OF THE l;EV()r,UTI()\ — ri'JXCIPLES INVOLVED. 4'.> 



nlso furDisli tlu' iiaiups of some -tf tlio leaJiivj; s])iiits ^\■llo 
Avero proniiiieiit in the oniiy stai^;*'^ uf ]iol',t:c;il hiom'tuphIs 
Avliioli l)rou.':;lit on tli*^ llpvolntiou. Tlie st-veral '.-(umtK^s of 
tlie State AV(>rtM'<MjuosttMl to sciul ilde^ates to int'ct at^o'W 
Bi'imswiek. -Inly 21si. 1774, to consiilH]- what afti<»ii slionltl 
1)0 taken 1)v tlie citizens of tlie ])rin"inee of New Jersey. 
Tliis convention was uenerallv s|token of as tlie "Pro- 
vincial Conu'ress of Xew Jersey/' and w as a Jilt'erent ImhIv 
from' tlie Ije^islatnre ; in several instances, liowevei', the 
same persons were members of l»oth bodies. A unmber 
of persons named in these proceedings were afterwards, 
dnrin^j,' the war, conspicuous in niilita.ry or civil life, for 
their services in bidialf of their couuti'v in legislative 
halls and on the tield of battle. 

For a year or two the citizms of the county appeal 
to have been about unanimous in their sentiments, but 
when timdly the subject of a se])arat:on from the mother 
country was boldlv advocated, rliere v.-as found to l)e a 
diversity of opinion, and some who were amou'j; the 
most active in the nieetinf;s of 1771-5, earnestly oppos(^l 
the propositi(ui, and eventually sided with Eiiiiland in 
the later years of tlmt memorabh' struggle. The fearful 
cousequenct s of rlns d;\ision, in which it would seem 
almost every man capai>ie of bearinii; ainis was {'r)m})elled 
to take sides, wi- have emleavori^ri to ,L;:ve in other 
chapters. 

The citizens of Freehold had the honor, we believe, 
of holding the first meeiiLig in New Jerst^y to denounce 
the tyranni( al acts of CJreat Fritain — of iriauguiating the 
movements in our S'";ite which liuallx' resulted in ln<le- 
pendence. The date of their tirst meeting is June iJth, 
177-1; thc> railiest date of a meeting in ajiy other ])l;ice 
that we have met with, is of a meeting at Xewai'k, Juiie 
I lltli, 1774. 

The following is a copv of the Fretdiold Ih'oi'eedings : 
LoWEn Fkeefioi.d Fesoeuiions. 

"FiiEEMoLD June 'Jth 1774. 
"At a me.^ting of the Freeholders and InhabitiUits 
i of the T(e,viiship of Lower Freehold in the county of 



V/1 



44 



histoi;y of .monmoith axd ockax couxties. 



Moiiinonth in Nrw Jersey, oji Aloiulav tlie (Uh duv of 
JuiJO, 177-:^, al'tci' notice ;L;iv*^n of the time, place and oc- 
casion of this nicetin^i;: 

" Ucxtdr,<l Tliat it is the unaninioiis o|.inioii of this 
meetiu,u', that the cause i]i which the inlial)itants of tlie 
town of Bnsti.ii are now sutierinLi; is the conniKm cause of 
tlie whole Continent of Xorth America; and that unless 
some general sjurited measures, for the puhlic safety l>o 
speedily entered into there is just reas(')n to fear that 
every Province may in tiTrii share the same fate witli 
them; and that therefore, it is liiuhly im-und>ent on them 
all to unUe in some eifcctaal means to ohta.in a repeal of 
the Boston Port Pill and any other that may follow it. 
Avhich shall he deemed snhversiAe of the rights and privi- 
leges (>f fret> horii Americ-ans. 

"And that it is the ojtinion of this meeting that in case 
it shall hereafter a])pear to he consistent Avith the gen- 
eral opinion of tln^ trading towns ;ind tlie conjmercial 
]i)art of our c(^u]itrynu'n, that .\n entire sto])j)age of im- 
portation and ex])ortaiion from and to (heat Britain and 
the AVest Indies, until the said Port Jiill and othei- Acts 
he repealed, will he contlucive to the safety anil preser- 
vation of North America and her liherties, tliey will yit-ld 
a cheerful ai-'juiescence in the measui-e and eai'ntstly 
recconuuend the same to adl their hrethren iu this Prov- 
ince. 

" //cAvV/'r//, )nn,-ei>rei\ That the inhahitants of this 
townslii]) will join in an Association Av;th the several 
towns in the county and hi conjunction with tlicm, with 
the several counties in the Ihovince i if, as we douht not 
they see tit to acctMh' to the projiosah in any measures 
that may ai)peai' hest a.dapted to the wt\-tl and safety of 
iXorth America and all her ioval siais. 

'W>,v/r/v7 'Jdiat 

John AxmaisoN Y,<.k) Piyri'.i; Fo;;max 

Hkxdiik'K Smock Johx Foi;.max 

xVsHEi; Hon.Mf.s Ca.pt. Jxo. ( "ovi:xhov];x 

an;l Dr. Xatjivxiil Scri.i)]-.!; 

h>e a committcf for tln^ townshi]) to join those who may 



CAUSES OF THE IIKVOLUTION — l'];i.\Cirj.ES INVOLVED. 45 

he elected for tlie iiei!4lil)i)i'iiiij,' townships ov counties to 
constitute a (Tcneral Committee for any purpose^ similar 
to those ahoAc nu-ntiout^'l. ; and tlnit the gentlenieu s<j a])- 
pointed do immtMliately solicit a correspondence with 
tlie adjacent tov^ns."' 

(Dr. Scud<ler sulise([uently was a Colonel in the First 
Hegiment Monmouth Militia, and killed October loth, 
1781, as (h^^scrilx'd elsewhere.) 

Th(^ toUowim;- wetdc the citizens of Essex sent the 
following to the patriots of Monmouth : 
Essex to Mt>x3ioi'TH. 

" Elizai;];th']'owx June l.'J 1771 

"Gentlemen: The alarming' Measures which have 
been lately taken to (l"i)rive the Inhabitants of the Ameri- 
can Colonies of their constitutional liiu,hts and Privilei^es, 
together A\'ith the late ^'iolent attacks made upon, the 
rights and lil)erties of the Colonv oi the i\rassachu>:<etts 
Bay (tor asserting and endeavoring to maintain tlieir 
rights) nmnifestly iiitended to crush them without Mercy 
and thereby distiiute ;ind weaken the Colonies, and ;;i 
the same time dare lliem to assert or own their Constitu- 
tional liights, Jjiberties ov Pro[)erties, under the I'enalty 
of the like, and if possible, wors(^ treatnnuit : and as tlie 
Assend)ly of New Jersev are not like to meet in time to 

answer the Desii-n itioixtsed, and the neiuhluu'ine' Colo- 

•. .. . 

nics are devising aiid exjiectin^' the imnu'diatt? itnion of 

this Colony with them. 

"Sundry of tin Inliabitants of th*^ County of Essex 
by Advertisements, conx^uied a gene]-a] iMt^etinu' ( *f said 
County at Newark on i-^aturday last, when the said in- 
habitants unanimously entej-ed into certain Lh-sohes and 
Declarations upon tlia.t occasnuj, a co]iv of wh.ch \nn 
have en(lose(l. We tlu' Cnmmittei- a]t]iointed In- the >aid 
Meetirig. do earjiestU' recpiest that You will immeiliateh 
by Advertis(Uiients or otherwise, call a general fleeting 
of you I County for the purp(.'ses afoi\ said as soon a^ ]>os- 
sible, as we have int. Uigem-e that it .s most ju'olial >le the 
General Coiiu-r.'ss of the Colonies will Ix l;eld the latter 
end of Julv n"Nt. We thii^k New Brunswick the most 



In- 



46 



HISTOIIY OF :\[ON."\r(»L:rir AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 



suitable place for the committee tonieet, aii'l with sub- 
mission to them desire tliev M'ill meet us at Xcm' Bruus- 
Avick on Thursday, July "ilst next, at 10 o"clc>ck in tlie 
morning, unless soni'^ other time and place more suitable 
shall in the meantime be a-;rped upon. 

" We earnt^stlv retpi(;st your answer as soon as pos- 
sible. 

"Letters of this Tenor and Date we now despatch to 
tlie other Counties iii this Colony. We are, Clentlemen, 
" vour n)ost ob"t servants 

Stephen Ciiane, Chairman. 

''By order; 

"To Messrs. Edward Taylor, Pilchard Lawrence, 
Elisha Lawrence, John Tayhjr and Henry Waddell and 
other Inhabitants of the County of Monmouth, Friends 
to tln^ Liberties and Privileges of the American Colo- 
nies." 

(The above letter was directed to the abc)ve named 
gentlemen "or to anv bodv else in Monmouth County. "'j 

Delegates from the diJhu'ent townsn:]>sin the county 
assembled at Pretdiold. July Phh, and the result of their 
decision is found in the following admijabh^ document. 
It is lengthy, but will well lejiaA' perusal. In the closing 
paragraph they trust that some faithfttl record will trans- 
mit the reasons which actuated them, to their posterity 
to whom ihcy nnd^e a bi icf but eloquent ajipeal. As 
they desired, this r< cord has been preserved, and as they 
desii'ed. we do what we can to place it before their de- 
scendants: 

Monmouth County Pesolujkins. 

"On Tuesday, July P.ltli. 1774, a, majority of the 
C()mm]tt(H's fi'om the sineral townships in the Countv of 
^Monmouth of tlie Colony of Xew Jerse^-, nu-t according to 
appointment at the Court House at Freehold in said 
county: and a])pearing to have been regularly chos(Ui 
and constitntfd by theii' respective townships. tlu'V unani- 
mously agrci'd U|)on lli<^ pi'ojtricty and (■x])ediem'V of 
electing a committee to repicscnt the whole cmntv at 
the a})pro;tching Provincial Convention to be held at the 



ii:i.n.; il' ' .'■ ^ ' 



^ 1 . -.--^Iw:. 



,.<; .,1 (. .• .'.lih '\ » 



TAUSES OF THE ItEVOLl'TIOX — ri;L\( 'Il'LES INVOLVED. 4 ( 

city of New Lruuswick, for t]ie iioccssarv ])U)'|iose of coi!- 
stitutiug dek>jj;;ite^ fr(»in tin's rrovJiK-(^ to tlic <.',oii(aal 
Congress of the CoU'iiios ami for all ollie-r such import- 
ant |)urposes as shall hereafter be found necess;ir\'. 

"They at the same time also reeor(h:'(l the following 
Resolutions, Determijiations and C)})inions, vshit h they 
^vish to be transmitted to posterity as an am})h> testimony 
to their loyalty to his British Majesty, of their firm at- 
tacdiuK'nt to the principles of the glorious Itevolution 
and tlndr fixed and unalttr^rable pur[)os^'. by every lawful 
means in their power, t<:» maintain and defend themselves 
in the jiossession anti enjoynnuit of tliose inestinnible 
civil and religious privileges which theii' forefathers, ;it 
the exjjense of so mneh bhjod aiid ti'easure, have estab- 
lished and handed down to them. 

"1st. In the names and behalf of their eoiistituents, 
the good and loyal iidKd)itants of the county of i\Io]i- 
moutli, in the colony of New Jersey, they do chcerfull\" 
and publicly proclaim their unshaken allegiance to the 
person and go\crnni>" nt of his most gracious ildajcstv. 
King Gecn-ge the Thinl. no^\' on the British throne, and 
do acknowledge themselves l)ound at all times, and to 
the utmost exertion r-n their power in maintain his dig- 
nity and lawful S(_)vereignty in and over ail his colonies 
in America ; and that it is their most fervent desire and 
constant prayer that in a Protestant succession, the de- 
scendants of the illustrious House of Hancn-er, may cr)n- 
tinue to sway the British sceptre to the latest postcritv. 
"2d. They do highly esteem aiid ju-ize the ha})]>i- 
ness of being governed and having their libert\' and 
property secured to them by so excellent a system of 
buys as that of Great Britain, the Itest doubtless iii the 
universe ; and they will at all times cliecrfidly obey aiid 
render every degree of assistance in their power to the 
full and just execution of them. But at the same time 
will, with the greatest alacrity and resolution oppose any 
iinwarrantabl(» innovations in them or any additions to 
or alterations in the grand system which may ar)])eai- un- 
constitutional, and consequently inc.yiisistent witii the 



J. ■• ,/ 



48 HISTOPA' OF .MOX-^rOrTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

liberties and privileoes of the doseeiuLmts of free l)orn 
Ameriean Jhitons. 

"3(1. As tliere lias been forn;j;es past, a most lia]-)p_v 
iiuion and uninterrupted ronnection between (xreat ]>rit- 
ain and lier colonies in America, they conceive tlieii' in- 
terests are no^\ bt^come so intimately blended ti'^ether 
and their mutual dependence u])on each other to be at 
tliis time so delicately great that they esteem evei-ything 
which lias a tendency to alienate aiVection (jr disunite 
them in any degree, highly injurious to their common 
happiness and directly c-aU-ulated to produce a lievolu- 
tiou, likely in the end to prove destructive to both ; they 
do therefore heartily disclaim every idea of that spiYit of 
inde]>cndence wliich has, of late, by some of our mistaken 
brethren on each side of the Atlantic, been so giouud- 
lessly and injuriously held tip to the attention of the 
nation, as having through and)ition, possessed the br'-asts 
of the Americans. And moreover they do devotttly be- 
seech the Suprejue Disposer of all events, graciously to 
incline the heart of our Sovereign and all his Ministers, 
to a kind and im])artial investigation of the real senti- 
ments and disposition of his truly loyal American sidi- 
jects. 

"4th. Xt^twithstanding many gri^tt men ami aide 
writers liave employed tlniir talents and pens in fav<3r of 
the nev.ly adopted mode of taxation in America, thev are 
jet sensible of no convictivc light l)eing thrown u])on the 
subject; and therefore, although so aitgust a l)Ody as that 
of the Jbvitish Parliaimuit is now actually endeavoring to 
enforce in a military way, the execution of some distress- 
ing edicts upon the ca]utal of the Massachusetts colony, 
tliey do freely and solemnly declare that in conscience 
they deem them, and all others that are, or ever may be 
framed u])on the same ju'inciples, altogether unprece- 
dented ;ind unconstitutional, utterly im-ousisttuit witli the 
true original intention of Magna Cliarta, subversive of 
the jtist rights of free born Englishmen, agrt^'abh; and 
satisfactory (Uily to the domestic and iVu-cign enemies of 
our nation, and consecjiuuitly ])regiiant with c(unplicat»^d 



CAUSES OF Tin-: ]■;l:^(1LU'J lox — riiTXcirLKs involved. -iO 

ruiu, aud tending; directly to the dissolution ;md destvue- 
tiou of the British Empire. 

"5th. As they, ou th ? one haud lirnily believe that 
the inhabitants of tiu^ Massaehnsftts colony in ^'cneral. 
and those of the to^^■n of Bosti:)n in ])articul;'.r, are to all 
intents and })urpoS(S as loyal subjects as any in all his 
Majesty's v.idely extended dominions ; and on the other, 
that (althon,u;h the present coercive and oppressive meas- 
ures against them may have taken rise in some jiart 
from the grossest ;ind most cruel mlsrepresentaticni both 
of their dis])ositio]i and conduct) tlie blockade of that 
tovrn is principally designed to lead the way in an at- 
tem2")t to ex<'cute a dreadful dee}> laid plan f'>r enslaving 
all America. Tliey are therefort.' clt'a)ly of opinion, tliat 
the Bostonians are now eminently sutlVnang in the com- 
mon cause of Ameri;'an freedom, and tliat thcdr fate may 
probably prove decisive to this AT-ry extensive continejit 
and even to tlie \vhole British natioji ; and they do verily 
expect that nnh^ss some generous spirited measures for 
the public safety be speedily entered into and steadily 
prosecuted, every other colony will soon in. turn feel the 
pernicious etfeets of the same detestal)!''^ restrictious. 
Whence they earnestly entreat every rank, denomina- 
tion, society and ])rofession of their brethren, that, lay- 
ing aside all bigotry and every party dispo-^itiou, they do 
now universally (.-oncur in (me generous and vigorous 
effort for the encouragement and support of their sulfer- 
iug friends, and in a resolute assertion of their birth- 
right, liberties and ])rivileges. In consequeiice of wliich 
they may reasonably expect a s|)eedy repeal of all the 
arbitrary edicts res])ecting the 3Iassachusetts govern- 
ment, and at the same time an effectual })reclusion of any 
future attempts of the kind from tlie enemies of our 
liappy Constitution, either upon them or any of their 
American brethren. 

" Otli. In case it shall hereafter appear to be con- 
sistent with th(^ result of the deliberation of the general 
('Ongvess. tliat an interrapti'm or entii'e cessation of 
commercial inten'onrse with Great Britain and even 



50 IIISTOFiY (IF ^roXMOUTH A\D OCEAN COUNTIES. 

(painful as it may ho) with tlio AVi^st Iiulios, until sucli 
oppressive Acts be repealed and the liberties of xVnieriea 
fully restored, stated and asserted, -w ill on this deplor- 
able emer^i^ency be really necessary and condut-ive to the 
puldic L;"0()d, they promise a rejidy ac([uiescence in everv 
measure and will rt-commend the s.-ime as far as tlieir 
influence extends. 

" 7tli. As a ;u;?neral C'onL^ress of .D3puties from the 
several American Cohjnies is proj'josed to be h'dd at 
Philadelphia soon in S 'ptombei- next, they declare their 
entire approbation of the desig-n and think it is the only 
rational method of cvadin-j; those aji^'ravated evils wiiich 
threaten to involve the whole continent in one general 
calamitous catastr>plie. They are therefore met this 
day, vested \\ith due authority from their res])ective con- 
stituents, to elect a committee to represent this county 
of 3Ionmo;ith in any future necessary transactions re- 
specting the cause '>f liberty and especially to join the 
Provincial ConvenLion sorui to be held at New Brunswick, 
for the purpose of nominating and constituting a numlier 
of Deleg;'(tes, who iu ])ehalf of this Colony may steadilv 
attend to said general Congress and faithfully serve the 
laboring cause of f.eedora and they liave consecpiently 
chosen and deputed the following gentlemen to that im- 
portant trust viz : 

Edward Taylor John Andtnson 

John Taylor Dr. Nathaniel Scudder 

JohnBurrowes John Covenhoven 

Joseph Holmes Josiah Holmes 

Edward AVilliams James Grover 

John Lawrence. 
"Edward Taylor l>eing constituted chairman and a-iv 
five of them a sul'!lci.M;t number to ti'ausact busim-ss. 
And they do b,^st_^in h, entreat, insti'uct and enjoin them 
to give their voice at sai^l Provincial Convention, for no 
persons l)ut such as they in good c(mscience and from 
the best iirformation shall verily believe to be amply 
(pialiiied for so irderesting a department; particul;i]ly 
that they be itnui highly approved i'or integrity, honesty 



CAUSES OF THE KKVorJ'TIi )\— }>l;lX(II'Jj:s I>,V( )I,VED. ol 

auil n})vi'4litiiiss, faithfully attaclnMl to liis i\Iajcstv"s per- 
son and lawful LioveniiirMit, well skilU'd in the i)v:n('i|ili-s 
of our pxcrdlcnt ci institution ami steady assertors of all 
our civil and rcliuious lihortii's. 

"8th. As und'-i- tlu"' prt'sent opMMtion of th-' Boston 
Port Bill, tliousauils of our resp ndod brtdlirnn in that 
town must necessarily be reduced to ,ureat distress, thev 
feel themselves aiite'-ted with the sincerest sym}»athv and 
most cordial comniisr>ratiou ; and as thei>- exp.'^-t, under 
Gi)d, that the final deliveranc ' of Ani"i'ica will h^ owini;-, 
in a great degree, to a continuance of their \irtuous 
struggle, they esteem thenis'^'lves iiouu'l in dntv and in 
interest to aft"o]\l them every assist uic:' airl alh'viatiou 
in their power ; and tiiey do now in l);dief of th-^ir con- 
stituents, dei-lare their readiness to contribute to the re- 
lief of the sutt'ering jioor in that town : therefore they re- 
quest the several committees of the counti'v. m hen met, 
to take into serious considerati(m the nee >ssitv and ex- 
pediency of forwar ling under a sanction frou] theiii, sul)- 
scriptions through every part of the ('olon^, for that 
trnU' hunuine and laudal)le puipose ; and that ;i ])ro)>er 
plan be concerted for lavdnu out the ]>roduct of such sub- 
scripti<»ns to the l)est ailvantage, and ;ift'-rwirds trans- 
mitting it to Bost(jn in the safest and least expensive 
way. 

"0th. As v,-e are now by our ("ommitttes in this, in 
conjunctifui with those of other colonies, ab'out to dele- 
rrate to a nundie]- of our countrvnuMi a power eipial to 
any wherewith human natui'e alone Avas ever invested ; 
and as we tirndy i-esoive to accpiiesce in their delibera- 
tions, A\e do therefoie earnestly entreat tliem, serujusly 
and conscieMitiously tc> weiuh the inex])ressible im})ort- 
ance of their arduous (h'partment, and fervently t':i solicit 
that direction and assistance in the discharge of their 
trust, which all the pcjAvers of humaidty cannot atford 
them; and we do hund>ly and (Nimestlv beseech that 
Crod, in M'hose hand ai'e the hearts of all flesh and \\]if) 
ruleth theji) at his ]»leasnre, graciously to infuse into the 
Avhole C'ongresN a spirit of true wisdom, })rudence and 



52 HISTOIiY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

jxist moileration ; ;uul to direct them to such uuaiiiuious 
and happy conclusion as shall terminate in His o\^'n 
honor and ^lorv, the establishment of the Protestant 
succession of the illustrious House of Hanover, the 
mutual weal and advanta^-e of Great Britain and all lier 
DoiDinions and ;i just and })ermanent conlirmatioH of all 
the civil and relifj^ious liberties of America. And now 
lastly, under the consideration of the bare possibility 
that the enemies of our constitution will yet succeed in a 
desperate triumph over us in this age, we do earnestly 
(should this prove the case) call upon ;dl future genera- 
tions to renew the ghn-ious struggle for liberty as often 
as Heaven shall ;tftbrd them any })robable means of suc- 
cess. 

" May tliis notification, by some faithful record, be 
handed down to the yet unborn descendants of Ameri- 
cans, that nothing but the most fatal necessity could 
have wrested the ]n"esent inestimable enjoyments from 
their ancestors. Let them universally inculcate ujjon 
their beloved oh"s])ring an investigation of tliose truths. 
respecting both ci^•il and religious liberty, wljich have 
been so clearl}- and fully stated in this generation. May 
they be careftilly taught in all their schools ; and may 
they never rest until, through Divine blessing upon tlu'ir 
efforts, true freedoiu and lilierty shall reign triumpliant 
over the Avhole (ilobe. 

" Signed by (uxler of the Committees, 

"Edward Tayloi: Chairmaji." 

BOSTOX GRATEFULLY ACKNOWLEDGES 3lOX- 
MOUTH CONTLICUTIOXS. 



Tlie patriots of Monmouth })romptly and freely con- 
tributed to the sulfering inhabitants of Boston. In for- 
warding their first contribution " tliey entreated their 
brethren not to give U[\ and if they should want a further 
supply of bread to let them know it." 

On tlie 21st of Octolx^", 1774, a letter ■was written on 
behalf of the Bost(^nians, to the citizens of Moumoutli, 
in which they say: 



BOSTON ACKNOWLEDGES jrONMOUTH CONTrJBUTIONS. 53 

"The kiml and .G;euerous donations of tlie County of 
Monmouth in the Jorsies Ave are n(r<v to aeknowh'^dge 
and Avith grateful hearts to tliank you therefor, having 
received iVom the Committee of said county, per Captain 
BroAvn, eleven lumdred and forty (^114(J) bushels of rye 
and fifty barrels of rye meal, for the sutiering poor of 
this town, which shall he applied to tlie purpose intended 
by the donois; and what further cheers our hearts, is 
your kind assurances of a further supply, if necessary, to 
enable us to oppose the cruel Parliamentary Acts, lev- 
elled not only against this town, but our whole Consti- 
tution." 

"Committees of Or,sErtVATioN and Inspection." 

"Freehold December 10th 177-1. 
"In pursuance of the recommendation of the Con- 
tinental Congress and for the preservation of American 
Freedom, a respectable body of the freeholders of Free- 
hold townslu}) met at the Conn House antl unanimously 
elected the following gentlemen to act as a Committee of 
. 0bs8r\'ation and Inspection for said township : 
John Anderson Hendrick Smock 

John Foj'nian John Covenhoven 

Asher Holmes Dr. Nath'l Scudder 

Peter Forman David Form an 

Dr. T. Henderson. 
"The committee were instructed l)y their constitu- 
ents to carry into execution the several important and 
salutary measures pointed out to them by the Coutiuentnl 
Congress and without favor or atfection to make all such 
diligent inquiry as shall Ije found cojiducive to the ac- 
complishment of the great necessary purposes held up to 
the attention of Ann^ricans." 

Up})er Freeliold, Do\eraud Middletown formed simi- 
lar committees, and notified the Freehold committee. 

Shrewsbury ho'.vever failed to appoint a committee. 
This may have been owiug to the prevalence of (^)uaker 
principles in the township. An attempt by the T)atriot3 
of Shrewsbury wa,s made tt) have a Committee appointed, 



i> I' '/. J '- f ;. 



''A' '•'■ 



I 



<*':imK v.i-'V 



54 msTOIIY OF MOX-M(U'TlI AND OCEAN COUXTIKS. 

as Avill he seoii l»y tlio t\.'llo\viiig copy of an advertise- 
meut ])nx up in tliis township : 

'• AinKirnsEMENT. 

" SHi;i:\vs];u];Y Jauuarv '2]u\ 177."). 

" A;j,ieeal-lo to tli'_' lu-solutions of the late (Tcncral 
Continental ('onijiess — Tlie Inhabitants of the to>\n of 
Shrewshurv, more espeeiallv sueh as are ])r<)j)erl^' ouali- 
fied for elii>osin_i' 11 'pri'sontatives to serve in the Cieuei'al 
Assembly are hereby warnfJ to meet at the liouse of 
fjosiah Halst Till, hi sahl ShrtMvshnrv, on TuesdaA- the 
17th of this :nsta]]t January at noon, in order to ehoc^se 
a ('i)minittee lor the se\eral pui'poses as directed l>v the 
Haiti Congress. 

"As the method or(h^recl by the Congress seems to 
be the only jieacealile method the case will admit of. on 
failure of whicJi either c.mitirnu'd Slaverv or a civil war 
of cou]'se succeeds; the b.-'.rr mention of either t^f the two 
last is shoeking to huriian nature, more ]>articularlv so to 
all tJ'ue frientls of rlie Enudish Constitution. 

"Therefore it beromes the indispensable dut\- of all 
such to use tlieir utmost eiideavors in favor of the first 
or peaceable methoil, and sutlV^r it not to miscarry or fail 
of its salutary and nnndi desired el'i'ects 1)\ nutans of an^' 
sinister views or indoh-ncH of tlndrs. Surelv expiM-ting 
on the one liand to be loaded with the curses arisiu' 
from slavery to the lati^st ])(»sterity. or on tlu;^ other hand 
the guilt of blood of tliousands of their brethren and 
fellow (.'hristi.in-' to h;y at tlieir door and to be justly 
re(piired at their hands. 

'•Tliink well of this before it be too late and let not 
the precious moments jiass."" 

A numl)er of the i-itizens of Shrewslnirv assembled 
at the time and jtlace mentioned in the advertiscanent 
but they failed to ap]ioint a committee. The following- 
shows the conclusion to which the meeting came. It 
concludes more like a (^)uaker fleeting epistle than 
a town meeting resolve: 
"Extract from a letter to a gentleman in Xew York 

dat.'d Shrews! )urv X. J. January 18th 1775. 



:t ■ 'ill 'III '•/. 



BOSTON ACKNOWLEDGES -M( »N.M()l TH CONTiaiU'TIONS. OO 

"111 conse(|iieiic(^ of an aiK^nymons advi^rtiseineDt 
fixed up ill tins |)l;icf, ^'xViiip; notice t<- Ire clio] Jits and 
others, to meet <>n Tiicsdav the ITtli iiist. in order to 
olioose a C'onnnittt'O of Insyieetion.ete., between thirty and 
forty oi the most respectable freeholders accordini^dy 
met and after a few dehades on the business of iIk-- (hiy, 
which were carried (.ii with ,i;reat dect^ncv and modera- 
tion it was generally iigreed i there being only fmir or live 
dissenting \otes) that the ;t.ppoiiitment of a committee 
was not only us(d(>ss, but tli'^y wi-re a}ipr(diensivi' v,-oukl 
prove a means of disturbing the peace and (piietness 
which had hitln-rto existed in tht- townsliip. ami would 
continue to use their utmost endt iiv<n">- to presin'V" and 
to guard against running upon that rock on which, with 
much concern, they bt held otliers, through an inatten- 
tive rashness, daily splitting/" 

Tlie Freehold (_'oiiimittt'e of ( )])servation and Ins])ec- 
tioii at a meoting held 3Iarch 17th. 177o, took up the case 
of Shrewsbury township, and after .-stating the subject in 
a })reaml)le they resolved that from and after that day 
they would esteem and treat the citizens of Shrewsbury 
as enemies to their Kin^- and couutrv and deserters of 
the comnioji cause of Freedom; and ^\(Juld i)reak oh' all 
dealings and coniuHdions witli them "uidess they shall 
turn from the evil of thc^ir \vays and testify their repent- 
ance by a'J.opcing the measures of Congress."' 

The New Jersey ]^rovincial Logislateav. in 'Slay fol- 
lowing, authorized other townshi])s to aiip.oint dele;i;ates 
for Shrewsbui'y. but -he same month th<M'eiractory town- 
ship, as \\ill l»e seen by th<' following, chose delegates 
and also a (.onnr.ittee fjf Observation, and so the un- 
pleasantness ended. 

SiiRFAvsiirKY Falls Into Line. 

"At a meeting of Freid.iolders and Inhabitants of the 
the townshi]^ of Siii( ^v^^b^lrv this •^7th da\' of i\[ay 177-"). 
the foHowiiii; persons \\(i'e 1)\- a great majoiity. rlioscu a. 
cr)mndit''e ^'^i observation for the said town ai;re('abli- to 



56 HISTOKY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

the directiou of tlio General Continental Congress held at 
Philadelphia September 5th, 1774: viz. 
Josiah Holmes John Little 

Jos. Throckmorton Samnel Longstreet 

Nicholas Yan Brnnt David Knott 

Cor. Vanderveer Benjamin Dennis 

Daniel Heudriekson Samuel Breese 

Thomas Morford Garret Longstreet 

Cornelius Lane. 
" Ordered : That Daniel Hendrickson and Nicholas 
Van Brunt, or either of them, do attend the Provincial 
Congress uoav setting at Trenton, -with full power to rep- 
resent there, this town of Slnewsl)ur3\ And that Josiali 
Holmes, David Knott and Samuel Breese be a sub-com- 
mittee to prepare instructions for the Deputy or Depu- 
ties who are to attend the Congress at Trenton. 

" Josiah Holmes Avas unanimously chosen chairman. 

Josiah HoI;MES. 
" Chairman and Town Clerk." 

Freehold Patriots Indignant. — Novel Proceedings. 

March 6th, 1775. 

A Tory pamphlet entitled " Free ThoiKjJiU on the 
JtesoLces (>f Contj/'e-^y iij A. W. Fanner^'' was handed to 
the Freehold Committee of Observation and Inspection 
for their opinion. The committee declared it to be most 
pernicious and malignant in its tendencies and calculated 
to sap the foundation of American liberty. The pamphlet 
was handed back to their constituents wlio gave it a coat 
of tar and turkey buzzard's feathers, one person remark- 
ing that " although the feathers were plucked from the 
most stinking of fowls, he thought it fell far sliort of 
being a pro|)er emblem of the author's odioasness to the 
friends of freedom and he wished he had the pleasure of 
givi]ig the iiutlior a coat of the same material." 

The ])amp]ilet in its gorgeous attire was then Mailed 
to the [)i]lory nost. 

The same committee severely denounced a Torv 
pamphlet writteji bv James Biviugton, editor of Hiving- 



J ',. VI I 



1^: .. 1 h. 



Sp< .p....-<-,,,i'> 



BOSTON ACKNOWLEDGES MONMOUTH CONTEIBUTIONS. 0/ 

ton's Eoval Gazette, tlip Tory paper, printed in Xew 
York. 

By the followini:^ resolves it Avill be seen that the 
citizens of Upper Freehokl favored armin*;; the peoph^ if 
necessary, to oppose the tyrannical acts of Great Britain. 
A striking illustration of the sti]-ring events of that p^eril- 
ons time is found in the fact thai; before a year had 
elapsed some of the prominent men in this meeting were 
aiding Great Britain to the best of their ability by voice, 
pen, or sword : 

UrrEii FjiEEHoLP Eesolutions. 

" May 4th 1775. This day, agreeable to previous 
]ioticc a very considerable number of tlie principal in- 
habitaiits of tliis townshi]» met at Imlaystown. 

" John Lawrence Esq. in the chair : When the fol- 
lowing resolves were unanimously agreed to : 

" Besolved, That it is our lirst wish to live in unison 
with Great Britain, agreeable to the principles of the 
Constitution ; that we consider the unnatural civil war 
wliich we are about to be forced into, with anxiety and 
distress but that we are determined to oppose the. novel 
claim of the Parliauient of Great Britain to raise a 
revenue in America and risk every jiossible consequence 
rather than to submit lo it. 

"Besolved. That it ajipears to this meeting that 
there are a suihcient numbei' of arms for the people. 

" Besolved. That a sum of money be nov.- raised to 
purchase v'hat further (juantity of P(jwder and Ball may 
be necessary ; and it is reccommended that every man 
capable of liearing arnis enter into Companies t^) train, 
and be prepared to march, at a minute's warning ; and it 
is further recommended to the peo]ile that they do not 
waste their ])owder in fowling and hunting. 

" A subscri})tion was opened and one hundred and 
sixty i^otrnds instantly [);iid into thf hands of a person 
ai)point('d for tliat ]varpose. The offii-ers of four com- 
panies were then chosen and the meeting l>roke up in 
perfect unanimity. 

"Eeisilv Laweence, Clerk." 



• 1 , II Ml- i j 



-. /r .or. ! 



nil 111 iw!l •• .I'.- ! VM„| .I«(i.»l." 



ol 



58 iiisioitv (iF jioxjiouth and ockax counties. 

INDIAN CLAIMS JN M( )X:\[( )rTH, OCEAN AND 
TRINITY. 



Tlio bisi lands hi < )ltl ^iDiiinoiitli rlaimtHl l>y tlic 
Indians w.^'o des(.-i-d):-d in c '.'talu papTs, ]),)\vt'i's of at- 
torney, iVc, pi-r^senl 'd til a (.'onftnvnc.' li;'t\voen the 
w]iit?s and Indians li'dd at (.'rosswAdvS. X. J., in I'(d)- 
I'lxarv, 17")^, Vor .several years prcNions the Tnd;ans liad 
expressed nmcli (lissatisfavtion beeaus • tliey had not re- 
ceived jsay for several tr.uds of land, some of them of 
considerable extent in iMonmoiith and othrr eonnties. 
When tlie ill feelinu; of the Indians l)>H-amf aj'pan'nt, the 
Lf*e-isjatui'(^ ap[»o;nted eommis. .oneis to exam.ne aito the 
causes (>f dissatisfaction. S.^veral (_-onfer'>ne:^s w;"re held 
at Crosswieks, BurliiiLiton. East.-m, Pa., cVc., betwe-en the 
conimissioners andi the lepj-csentatives of s.'vtM'al ]jidian 
tribes v.'ith reference to thi' lands, and satisfactory set- 
tlements made. 

In the year JjiTS. a claim was bronuht by the 
Indians a;j;ainst ivichai'd Ila!tshornt>. an earlv set- 
tler of old iMoniuoiUh, who Iiad previoiislv boiij;iit of 
tliem Sandy Hook, and. lands aronnd the Highlands. In 
that year, to prevent their trespassing- njion his huids, he 
had to iiay them to ridiii(|uisii their i-laini> to hnnd, hsh, 
fowl, a.nd leather beach ]>lnnis. The foUowine is a copy 
of tlie ap;i'eenu'nt: 

"The ,sth of .Vn^iisr, JOTS. AVh'.-reas the Indians pre- 
tend thr.t foi'iie'rb , when they sold all [lir land ni ion Sandv 
Hook, they did not sell, or i\:<] exci-p!" lib.-rtv to pbims, 
or to s.ay the Indians should have libert\' to 0:0 on Sandv 
Hook, to ^et plum- wh.'n tlie ]»lease. anl to hunt ni>on 
tin- lan.l, and ti->!i, .anl to rak ■ dry tre'-; thitsnit'I th-m 
for caiinows. Now kn()\v all men |)\ tlies,' presents, that 
I, Tiicliard HaiL->lioi 11.'. of l^ortland. in the coi!nt\' of 
31onniout:i. :n Jvist dei-., -y, for p.-ace and (paietness sake, 
and t'.) the end tliere nia\ !)■ no eaas» of trouble with 
the ind.;nis and tliat 1 ma\' not for the future ha've an\' 
trouble with tleau a^ !o:-mal\- I iia 1. in tle'ii- do^s kill- 
in;.' my ■-lu-ep, a.nd iii. ii' huiit.iij; on m \- lands, and their 
lish.iiL;'. I liav • a^ret (I a> lollow.'tli : 



>. .V lllil 



INDIAN CLAIMS IN .M( )N;.l()rTII, OCKAN" AND VICINJ'IY. ">".> 

"These p)'esHuts witnessetli, tlint 1, VrAvnva] lOii, 
Hendricks, llie Indians sonn. JiavJiiji; all the Idu-rtv and 
privileges of plnniiiijj; ou SamU Hock, hnntiug, llshing. 
fowliuic, i>:ett:nu- eannows ^e., l»v these i)resi>nts, i^ive 
a'raut, ])ar<'"ain, sell, uDto Hiehard HartsJiorne, his luirs 
and assigns forevf'r, all the lilxM'ty and privilege ofpliun- 
ing, tishiiig, i'o'.vling, and limiting, and howso'^vei' re- 
served aud excepted l)y the Indians for him, the said 
1-iichard Hartsliorue. his heirs and assigns, to have, hold, 
possess, and enjoy fon^ver, to say that no Indi.m, or In- 
dians, shall or hath no jU'etonse to lands or thnlier, or 
]il)erty, ]irivileges on ]io ])ret'"'ns'^ whatsoe\'',o' i>n an\' 
part a pai'cell <if la.nd, h^'jonging to tlie said lii<'l!ard 
Har-tshorne, to say Sandy Hi>nk or land adjoijiing to it, 
in consideration the sanl Hartshoriie, hath ])aid unto the 
said Vowava]V)n, thij'teen shillings money; and I the 
said Yov.avapon, dt) acknowledge to lia\e receiv.'(l thir- 
teen shillings by these })resiMits. Witns^ss my hand and 
seal. 

" YoWAVAi'ON X his'maj-k 
" Torus X his mark. 
"Signed, sealed and d'livered in the presence of 

John Stout."' 

Having delivered their claims to the C'cnnmission- 
evr,, til? Indians present executed a p/o\vor of attorixn to 
Tom Store, iMos':^s Totann , St '])hen Calvin. Isaac Still 
ami John Pom])sir.re, <.r the major part of them, to 
transact all future business Avitli the state government 
respe<.'ting lands. 

In ]7o7 the governm Mit had a])])ro]n-iat:'d Cl,() )() tn 
puj'chasi^ a release of Indian cdaims: onedialf tohelaidimt 
■ in ])nrchasing a settlement for the Indians < tn the south 
side of th? I'lai'itau. A\h(n'eon they might iesid':> ; the other 
half to pro'chase latent claims of hack Indians not resi- 
dent in th(> pi'i.'N'ince. Ai thi- conference at I'iiaston. in 
Octdliey. J7')S, it 'A as (h'cid 'd ti) pr.rchas," a, tract of land 
iu Ev(;siiaii! tcv/iisliip. liarii ji.;ton. i-nntaining ov^-r /'.ilOO 
acres, for tin Ind.ans to l()c;i::' upon. riieif was tlirre 
a sawmill and :-edar sv\;imo and satisfa.c'.or\' hiinfim': 



60 HiSTOliY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

grouud. The Indians soon removed to this reservation, 
named Brothertou ; in removing their l)niklii)!rrs thev were 
assisted by government. A house of worship and several 
dwellings Avere soon put up. 

In 17()0, it is said, there were ahout sixty persons 
settled there. 

About tlie last remnant of Indians remaining in our 
state, sold their lauds to the whites al)out 18()1, and the 
year following renio\'ed to New Stockbridge, near Oaeida 
Lake, New York, from whence, aljout 1824, they removed 
to Michigan, where they purchased a tract of land of the 
Menomonie Indians, on both sitles of the Fox river near 
Green Bay. 

In 1832, the New Jersey tribe, reduced to less than 
forty souls, delegated one of theii' nunib3r named Bar- 
tholomew 8. Calvin, to visit Trenton find ap]>ly to our 
Legislature for remuneration for hunting and fishing- 
privileges on unenclosed lands, which they alleged had 
not been sold Avith tiie land. (*alvin was an aged man 
who liad l)een educated at Princeton, Avhere he was at 
the breaking out of the Revolution Avlien he joined the 
American army. The claim, so unusual, Avas met in a 
spirit of kindnc^ss by our Legislature, who directed the 
State Treasurer to pay to the agent of the Indians, the 
sum of two thousan;! dollars, thus satisfactorily and h(~)n- 
orablv extinguishing the last claim the Indians brought 
against onr state. Hon. Samuel L. Southard, at tlie close 
of a speech made at the time, said: "It avjis a proud fact 
in tlie history of New Jersey, that (n-ery foot of lier soil 
liad been obtained from the Indians by fair and volun- 
tary purchase and transfer, a fact that no other st;ite of 
the I'uion, not even the land Avliicli bears the name of 
Peun, can boast." 

ME>rP>El{S (IF TIIE NEW JERSEY PROVINCIAL 
ASSEMBLY FROM 310NM01TH COUNTY. 



FitOJI TIIEIil FIRST SESSION I'Jv.lAN NOVEMBER IOtII, 1703, AT 
PERTH AAIROY, ']() THE ];EV0EUTI0N. 

In the list of members of the Assemblv, or "House 



memi^urs of the xew jeiisey rRovr.'CiAL as.semf.ey. G1 

of liepreseutatives (^f the Proviuee of Xova Cesarea or 
New Jersey," from 1703 to 1700, duriup; Avhic'li time there 
were four sessions, the names of • the counties to which 
they severally belonged are not given. The records sim- 
ply mention that they are from East or West Jersey as 
the case may be. Among the members from East Jersey 
it is probable that the following are from Monmouth 
County: 

1st Assembly, 1703. QLaJiaiiBuwue, Richard lliirtshorne. 

.-, , ., ,r-..- \ llichunl HnrtshoiTie, jQba^lkrwne, 

( Richard Salter. Obadiah Rowne. 

oi •. 1",,- ( JoLu Bowue, Willituii LawrtSce, 

3d •' 1(U(, - ' 

! Lewis Morris. 

4th " 170S41, Gershom Mott, Elish'i La^vrcnce. 

After this sessit)n the names of the counties to wliich 
tlie members belonged are given. 

5th Assembly, ITli^i, Elisha Ea\\rL-nrf, Gtrshnin Mott. 

6th " 1710, Gei-^hi'Ui M^itt, ^\'illia!u Lawrence, 

7th, " ITltj, William Lawreuce, Elisha Lawrence. 

8th, " 172E William Lawrence. Garret Sehenck. 

9th, " 1727, John Eaton, Jan^es Grover. 

10th, " 1730, .Tohn Eit'-.n, James Grnvv-r. 

11th, " 173S, J.)hn Eaton, Ct)rnelius Vandervere. 

l'2th, " 1710, John Eaton, Cornelius Vandervere. 

13th, " 1743, John Eaton, Robert Lawreuce. 

llth, " 1711, John Eaton, Robert Lawr^'uce. 

loth, •' 171o, John Eaton, Ri'bert Lawrence. 

10th, " 1710, Jolin Eatc>n, Robert Lawrence. 

ITtb, " 174". John Eaton, Rolicrt Lawrence. 

18th, " 17-')1. Robert Li^wrruce, Jmucs Holmes. 

19th, " 1751, Roliert Lawrence, James Holmes. 

20th, " 1701, Jau't's Hc>lmes, * Richard Lriwrence. 

21st, " 1700, Robert Hartshorne, Edward Taylor. 

23d " 177'2, Eil\v;ai TuvUt, Richarvl Lawrence. 

Piobert Ijawrence was speaker of the Assembly in 
IT'IG-T, and again from 175-4-1758. 

THE rilOVIXClAL CONGRESS OF NEW JERSEY. 

Tlie delegates appointed Ijy the several counties to 
take action in regard to th'"- tyrannical acts of Great 
Britain, assembh-d al New Ib'unsuick, July 'ilst, 177-i, 



*Jumcs Kdmes died aud John .\nderson was chosen in his place. 



■'■'nhr f»] -titt'. 



62 



HTSTOKY OF MONMOITH AXU OCEAN rOUNTIES. 



and (.oiit^iJUtMl in s.-ssion tlirco days. S;'ventv-t\\'t) dele- 
gates were ])resent. The tollowini;' Ijud been elected 
from 7\l()iHii()utli countv l)y a nuH'tiug held ;it Freehold 
Court House, July I'.'th. viz: 



Edwavil 'JViylcir, 
Jauii's (imvcr, 
John Hmri.Wf.^, 



■luliu Ar-dt'isuii, 
John Liiwrfucf. 

■los.-ph HnhntS. 

Edward Williams. 



•Joliu Taylnr. 

J>r. Natli'l SeuddtT. 

Jnsiah Holmes, 



Edward Taylor was a[)pu:nted ehairnian of the dele- 
gation. The ]'rovincial Congress ideeted Ste'])hen Ci'ane, 
of Essex, ( 'li;iiriii.in, and .Jonathan }). Sargent, of Som- 
erset, clerk. Ivesolutions Avere ])assed shnilar in cdjar- 
aete}' to those adopti-d l>v the Monmouth meeting. 

EAUEY UJSTOEY OF OED MOXMOrTH. 



ti;avelix(. two {'EX'rriiiEs aoo — citossixci the state in 

ANCIENT TLMES— lElilLOrs Ti;AVEElN(f — INDLVN HOTELS 
AND HOSPITAJ.rTIES. AC. 

It is (h)ul)iful if any more ancient accourds of travel- 
ing aei'oss New Jei'sey can hn found than the following, 
extracted from the joui'nals of John liurnyeate and 
George Fox, distinguished members of the Society of 
Friends; in com|)an\ with them were Eohert A^ itlan's. 
(leorge Pidison and others, smne of whom i-etuj-aed l)y 
the same route a lev," months afterwards. ThesL- not-^d 
Quaker pi^eaciiers left Ma.ryland 'j; the hitler ]iart of IVd)- 
ruarA', i(')72, and arrivfMl at New Castle, l)i-laware, about 
tlio tirst (^f Alai'ch. From thenci^ liuruyeate gives the 
foll(e>\ing a<'couiit of their iourney ai-ro^s tlie State to 
Mi.hlhdi-wn: 

"We staid there i New Castle) that ni-'ht, and th" 
next dav we got over the river ( l)(>lav,'are i. AA hen we 
ffot o'.'er we could not uet an Eidiau for a uuide. .md the 
Drdchmau weha'l hired w >uld not go without an Indian, 
so Are wert> fo]a.'i'd to stay th'Tc that day. The m xt day 
we ro;h' about to seek an Indian, but ci.idd 'j.ri none to 
i.<;>): 1)Ut lato in til" evening- tlieiv cane- sonn^ from the 
other side (.( the to'.vu, and \\'e hin-d nue, and so be;^-an 
our iouiaicvTU''- earlv th<' next nnn-nin''- to travel throu^^h 



^•11. )' 



■ ill /' 



EAIiLY HISTOItY OF (>I,1) MOXMOUIH. Oo 

tlic coiiutrv, wliic-li is now eallotl Xpav Jpi'soy ; and we 
travelleil we^ su]>p;'»s;Hl iiearlv 4'* miles. In tlu' pveuini;' 
Ave '^ot to ;i t'r^v Ituliau wi^-\v,uu-^, wliich are tlieir house's : 
Ave saw no man, nor woman, liouse n<ir dwi^llin'^. tliat 
day, for there dw-dt no Eui;lisli iu that country tlien. 

" We lod;^;ed that ni'j'ht in an Indian v.iowjiiu. and 
lav nnon the u"ronud as the Indians themselves did. and 
the next dav we travelled throm^li -^PA'eral of their tov.ns, 
and thev were kind to ns. and lnd})ed us n\vv the cretdvs 
Avitli tlieir canoes ; we made our hr)rses swim at the sides 
of tlie canoes, and so travelled on. Towards eveninii" we 
irot to an Indian town, and when we had put our horses 
out to ^rass ^vo went to th;' liidian Kind's hoirse. who re- 
ceived us kindly, and showed us verv civil respect. I)Ut 
alas! he Avas so poorly provided, having" ^ot so little that 
daA, tha.t nn^st of us could neither i^-et {•) eat or drink in 
his Avijj;wam : l)ut it was because he liad it not — so we 
lay as Avell as he, u]>on the L^round — only a mat und"i' iis. 
and a piece of wood or any such thim;- under r)nr he;;ds. 
Next morniuL^ ejirly we to )k horse and traAelled throUL;h 
seA'eral Indian toAvns, and that uight Ave lodge; l in the 
Avoods ; aiul the next morning got to an English planta- 
tion, a town called Middletown, in East Jersey, Avhere 
there Avas a plantation of English and several Frieiids, 
and Ave c;une down v.ith a Friend to his liouse near the 
water-side, and he carried us ovei- in his l)oat and our 
liorses to Lt>ng Island."' 

It is im}'ossi])le to read thi^ accounts of traA'elling at 
this early })eriod Avithout being forcildy reminded of the 
contrast in traveling then and novr. Many of the (Quaker 
preacdiers speak of crossing streams in frail Indian ca- 
noes, Avith their horses swimming l)y tlieir side ; imd one, 
the fearless, zealous John Kichardsou, (so noted among 
other things for his controA-ersies Avitli "tlie apostate 
George Keith") in substance recommends, in traveling 
across XeAv Jersey, " for Mifety, travellers' horses slnnild 
have long tails."' The reason for this sinuular sugges- 
tion Avas that in crossing streams the frail canoes A\ej-e 
often capsized, and if the traveller could not swim, he 



' .. 



;i ') ■ // 't '• : I , II 



64 HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

inif>lit i)robably preserve his life by grasping liis liorse's 
tail. Mr. Pvicliardsoii describes how one man's life was 
preserved by this novel life })reserver; in this ease the 
life-])reserver being the long tail of Mr. ll.'s own horse; 
and in commenting n]'on it he quaintly observes "that 
he always a}iproved horses' tails lieing long in crossing 
rivers." 

Long before Fox and Bnrnyeate crossed tlie state, 
the whites, particularly the Dutch, fre(piently crossed 
(yur state Viy Indian paths, in going to and fro between 
the scittlements on the Dela^vare and New Amsterdam 
(Xew York), though they have left but meagre accoujits 
of their jourueyings, and there are strong proba1)ilities 
that the Dutch from Xew Amsterdam, after furs and 
searching for minerals, crossed the stata as far as Burl- 
ington Island. Trenton, and points far up the Del- 
aware from forty to fifty years before the trip of these 
Quaker ])reachers. 

That their jtuirneyings were not always safe, is show]i 
in the following extract of a letter written l)y Jacob Al- 
ricks, Scptemljer 'iOth, 16G9 : 

"The Indians have again killed three or four Dutch- 
men, and no person can go through; one messenger vrho 
was eight days out returned without accomplisliing his 
purpose." 

TIic next day he writes: 

I have sent oli messenger after messenger to the 
Manhattans overland, but no one can get through, as the 
Indians there have again killed four Dutchmen. 

At the time of writing these letters Alricks resided 
in Delaware, and they were addressed to the Dutch au- 
thorities at Xew York. 

TllADITIOXAKY STOPJES OF THE IXDIAXS. 



Of the different accounts by ancient writers of the 
manners and customs of the Indians of our })art of the 
State and West Jersey, about the clearest and most 
readalde is by the celebrated Swedish traveller, Professor 



J ■■ I 



..' J 



TRADITIONAUY STOitlEs OF THE INDIANS. (!5 

Kalm, who visit'Ml our Shito in 174S, ami from wliose 
Avritings tlio tollowiiig extracts are taken : 

INDIAN :\IODE OF FELLING TLEES. 

When the Imlians mtentletl to fall a thick, stroi\^ 
tree, they cmihl m-t make use of their clumsy stone 
hatchets, ami for w.mt of proper instruments, employed 
tire. They set tire to a great quantity of Avood at the 
root of the tree, and made it fall l)y that means. Jjvt 
that the lire miijjlit not re:ich higher than they woukl 
have it, they fastened some rags on a ])ole, di})ped them 
in water, and kt^pt constantly wetting the tree a little 
above the tire. 

MAKING CANOES — A SEIilOUS TASK. 

Whenever the Indians intend to hollow out a thick 
tree for a canoe, they hi}' dry branches all along the stem 
of the trees as f.ir as it must be holloAved (nit. Then they 
put iire to these dry branches, and as soon as they are 
burned out, they are replaci-il by others. AMiile these 
branches are burning, the Indians are very l)usy with wet 
rags and pouring water upon the tree to prevent the lire 
from spreading too far in ;it tlie sides and at the ends. 
The tree l)eing Vnirnt hollow as far as they found it 
sullicient, or as f;ir as it could without damaging the 
canoe, they took their stone hatchets, or sharp Hints, or 
sharp shells, and scraped off the burnt part of the wood, 
and smoothed the boat within. By tins means they like- 
wise gave it what slmpe tln'-y ])leased ; instead of using a 
hatchet they shaped it by tire. A good ^ized canoe was 
commonly thirty or forty feet long. 

PRErAKING LAND EOll CORN — RUDE FARMING. 

The chief use of their hatchets was to make fields 
for maize plantations ; for if the ground where they in- 
tended to make corn lields was covered with trees, they 
cut oil" the bark iill aroujid the trees with their hatchets, 
especially at a time wlu-n they lose their sap. By that 
means, tlie trees l)ecame dry and could not part;dve any 
more nourisliment, and the lea\es coidd no long(n' 
obstruct the ray>^ of the sun. The small trees were j>ulled 



. 'I ■ • I'M 



/ -A< 



i)C) HISTOliY OF MON.MOUTII AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

out by force, and the m'ouml was a little turned up with 
crooked or sliarj) l)rauclies. 

MAKING FLOrP. — INDIANS ASTONISHED. 

They had stinie pestles about a foot lon'4 and as thick 
as a niaifs arm. for poundin;j; maize, whicdi was their 
chief and oidy corn. They pounded all their corn in 
holh^w trees: Some Indians had onlv wooden ])estles. 
They had neither wind mills, water mills, nor hand mills 
to grind it. and did not so mu(di as know a mill before the 
Europeans came to this country. I have spoken with 
okl Frenciimen in C'aiiad;;, who t<dd me the Indians had 
been astonished l);/yon.d expression, when the Fi-ench set 
up the first wind mill. They came in numbers even 
from the most distant parts t(^ view this wonder, and 
were noi tired with sitting near it for several davs to- 
gether, in ()i-der to oliserve it; tliev were long of opinion 
ti]at it was not driven l>y \\i]id. bvd bv spirits who lived 
within it. Tle'V were })a]-tly under the same asti>nish- 
ment when the lii'st water mill was V)uilt. 

TOOLS OF THE INDIANS. 

Before the coming of the Europeans, the Indians 
were entirely unaccjuainted with the use of iron. Thev 
v\-ere obliged to su})}»ly the Avaut with sharp stones, 
shells, idiiws of birds and wild beasts, j>ieces of bone and 
other things of that kind, whenever they intended to 
make hatchets, knives and such like instruments. From 
whence it a|)]iears they must Inive le<l a verv wretched 
life. Their hatches were made of stone, in shape similar 
to that of wedges used to cleave wood, about half a foot 
long, and broad in proportion : they are rather blunter 
than our wedges. As this Jiatchet must be fixed with a 
liandle, there was a notch made all around the thick end. 
To fasten it. tliey split a stick at one end, and put the 
stone between it. so tliat the two halves of tlie stick came 
int') the ])otches of the stone; then they titnl the two 
split ends together witli a rope or something like it, 
almf)st in the sanie wav as smiths fasten the instruments 
Avith which th'^y cut off' iroji, to a split stick. Some of 



'.i; 



INDIAN WILL. 07 

tliPse stoDo liatcliPts wt-re not iiotclK^il or furrowed at t]i" 
up-per eii<l, aud it sooin^ that tliey oiilv liolJ these in tlieir 
liaiids to how or strike with clieiii, aiul did not rjiake 
handles to them. Some were nnuh^ of liard roek or 
stone. Fij^h liooks were made of bones or l)irds' chiv.s. 

INDIAN WILL. 

AN ECt'ENTIUi' AROIIIGINAL OF THE SflorE. 

Ill days gone by, the singnhir character and eccei)- 
trie acts of tlie noted Indian \Yill formed the theme of 
many a fireside story amonu; our ancestors, man^' of 
Vihich are still rememl)ered by older citizens. Some (^f 
the traditionary incidents L;iven ])elo\\- differ in sonn^ inir- 
ticnlars, l)nt we .uive them as j-elated to us man^' ye.-irs 
ago by ohl residents. Indian AA'ill was evidently (jnite a 
traveler, and well known from Barnegat almost to the 
IIighlan»ls. At Forked Iiiver, it is said he often visited 
Samuel Chamberlain on the neck of land between the 
north and jniddle branches, and was generalh' followed 
by a pack of lean, hungvy dogs whicdi he kept to defend 
liimsclf from his Indian enemies. The followincr tradi- 
tion 'vas ])ublished in 1^4:1. by Howe, in Historical Col- 
lections of New Jersey : 

" About the ye.ir ItiTiC the India ];> sold out the sec- 
tion of country near Eatorttown to Le^is i^Io)-ris fVu' a 
barrel of cider, and e^^dgi'ated to Crosswi(dcs an<l Cran- 
bury. One of them, calleil In.dian V\''i]], remained, and 
dwelt in a wigwam betv.een Tinton Falls and Swimming 
Iliver. His tribe were in conse([uence exasiierated, ;v.id 
at Yari')us ti?nes sent messengers to kill hijn in single 
combat ; but, being a brave, athletie man, he aLvavs 
came ori' comjueror. One d.ay wiule ])artaking of a 
brealJast of suppawn and milk Avith asiherspoon at ]\[r. 
Eatovi's, lie casually ri-marked ^hat he knew where there 
were phmty of such. They ])romised that if he would 
bring them, they would give him a red coat and cocked 
hat. In a short time he was arrayed in that dress, and 
it is said the Eatons suddenh became wealthy. .Vbout 



1.:! // // !(l/l 



(,.t: 



i..Ml ! 



08 iiist(>i;y of ^ionmouth and ocean counties. 

80 years since, in pulling down au old mansion in 
Shrewsbury, in whirli a maiden member of this family 
in her lifetime liad resided, a ([uantity of coh dollars, 
sa})})'^sed by the superstitious to have been Kidds money, 
was found concealed in the celhir wall. This coin was 
generally of a square or oblong shape, the corners of 
which wore out the pockets." 

A somewhat simihir, or ];HM'ha])s a variation of the 
same tradition, w«- h;ive frecpipuily heard from old resi- 
dents of Ocean ctmnty. as follows : 

" Iji.dian Will often visitt-d the family of Derrick 
Jjongstrcet at Manasquan. and oUt' time showt-d them 
some silver m«>ncy which exc-ifcd their surjirise. Tliey 
wished to know wli-^re lis .got it and want'il Will to 
let them liav<' it. Will refiistul to part with it. 
but told tliem he had found it in a trunk alonu,- the 
beach, and there was jdenty <^f yellow monev besidie : 
but as the yellow jnoni^y was not as prettv as the wdiite, 
he did not want it. and Longstreet miudit liave it. 
80 Longstreet went w:th him. and found the monev in a 
ti'unk, covered o\in' with a tarji.iuliii and Iniried in the 
sand. Will kept the white money, and Longstreet the 
yello'\ 'gold I. anct this s;itisfactory division made the 
Longstn '?ts w. althy. 

It is }irobal)le that A\'ill f;)nud money along the 
l.ieach : l)ut whether it had l)een i)uried bv pirates, or 
was from some shipwrecked v>'ssei, is another questioji. 
However, the conn(M-tion of Ividds name with the monev 
Avould indicate that Will lived long aftei' the vear named 
in tlie first 4Uf)ted tradition illt7()). Kidd did not sail on 
his piratical cruises until lOOfi, and, from the tradition- 
ary infoi maLion the writer has been enabled to obtain, 
Will must have lived many years subsecpient. The lat(> 
John Tilton, a promient. much-res})ected citi/en of Uar- 
negal, in early y(Mirs lived at S(|uan, ami he was (juite 
confident th.it agedi citizens wh.> i-(date<l to him stories of 
Will, kn.'W him |nrs(mally. Tliey described him as 
SLoul, broad-shouldc^red, with prominent Indian features, 
and rings ;n liis ears, and a gijod-sized one in hi-, nose. 



■' > . r. ! i 



II ( II..I f>j Irvjftfi li. // t, 



T rv. )>>il -J •-/ •( 



INDIAN WILL, 09 

Tlie fo]Iowiii!_>; are some of the stories relat.^d ot'liiia : 
Amoiio- other tliiriijs wliich Will hi\<l (h)iie to excite the 
ill-will of other huliaiis, he was cjiaru-ed M'itli haviii,i;' 
killed his wife. Her Itrother, named Jaeol). (h'tenuined 
on reveii^'e. He pursuiMJ him. and. hiidimi; him unarmed 
uudeitook to march him otH'c.-iptive. As they were goinrr 
along, AYill espied a })iiie knot on tlie ground, managed 
to pick it up, and suddenly dealth Jacol) a fatal Idow. 
As he dropped to the ground, Will tauntingly exclaimed, 
"Jacob, look u|i at the sun — youdl never see it again!" 
Most r)f the old residents who related traditions of Will, 
spoke of his finding lioney at one tiine on the dead l)odv 
of an Indian Ik- h.ad killed ; but whether it was Jacob's 
or some other, was not mentioned. 

At one time to make sure of killing Will, four or five 
Indians started in ])ursuit of him, and they succeeded in 
surprising him so suddeidy that he had no chance for de- 
feace or flight. His ca|)t(U's told him they were about to 
kill him, and he must at once pre})are to die. He heard 
his doom with Indian stoicism, and he had only one favor 
to ask before he was killed and that -was to be allowed io 
take a drink out of his jug of li(|Uoi' which had just beeu 
filled. So small a favor the captors could not refuse. 
As \\ ill's jug was full, it was (Uily common politeness to 
ask them to drink ;dsn. Xi>\v, if his i';iptors had any 
weakness it was for rum, so tliey gratefully accepted his 
invitation. The drink rendered them talkative, and they 
commericed reasoning with him uj^outhe enormity of his 
offences. The comh-mned man admitted the justness of 
their reproaches and l3egged to l)e allowed to take 
another drink to drnwn the stings of conscience; the 
captors cons3nt?d ft) johi him again — iuilead it would 
have been cruel to refuse to drink with a man so soon to 
die. This gone tlu'ough widi, they persuaded Will to 
make a full conft-ssion of his misdeeds, and their magui- 
tude so arous-nl the indignation of his captors that tln-y 
had to tak ^ another drink to enaljle them to do their 
duty bec(^/!ningi\' ; ii! f;ic!; thev took di\ers drinks, so 
overcome wer.j they by his hari'owing tale, ami then they 



70 Hirror.Y of ink^x.mch'th and ocean counties. 

^rere so completely uiniiMuned that they had to try to re- 
cuperate hv sloe]). Then craiLV Will, who had really 
drank hut litth^, sot'rlv ar(").-^e, found his hatchet, and soon 
dispatched his would-be ca])lorM. 

It was a rule with Will not to waste any annnuui- 
tion, and therefore he was l.xjiaid to eat whatever game 
he killed, but a buzzard whicli he onc3 shot, sorely tried 
him, and it took two or three days' starving before he 
could stomach it. One time when lie Avas alone on tlie 
beach he was seized with ;i ht of sickness and thouglit 
he was about to die, and not wish.ing his body t(j lie ex- 
posed, he succeeded iu digging a shallow grave in tlie 
saml in which he lay for a while, but the sickness passed 
ofif and he crept out and went on his way rejoicing. Iu 
the latter part of his life he would never kill a \\illet, 
as he said a willet once saved his life. He said he was 
in a cauoe one dark stormy night crossing the bay, and 
somewhat the worse for liquor, and unconsciously about 
to drift out of the Inlet into the ocean. Avhen a willet 
screamed and the ])eculiar cry of this bird seemed to him 
to say " This way. Will! this way. Will ! '" and that way 
Will went, and reached the beach just in time to save 
himself from certain death in the breakers. When after 
"wild fowl he would sometinn'S talk to them in a 1()V>" tone : 
"Come this way, my nice bird, AVill won't hurt youl"' 
II he succr--eded in killing one he uorild say : " I'on fool, 
you believed me, eh ? Ah, Will been so much with white 
men he learned to lie like a white man ! ' 

Near the mi/utli of Siiuan river is a di'e\^ placr 
known as '~ Wills Hole."" Tlnnc arc two versions of the 
origin of the name, liut both connecting Indian Will's 
name with it. Esquire ]3enjamin Peai-cc, an aged, intel- 
ligent gejitleman, residing in the vicinity, iid'ormed the 
writer tliat he understood it was so i-allcd because Will 
himself was drowned in it. 'I'he other \ersion, related 
l\v the late well rememberiMl Tiion^as C'o(jk, of I'oint 
Pleasant, is as follows : 

Indian \\'i\\ lived in a caltiii in th;' woods ncjii- Cook's 
place ; one dav he brought home u mnskrat whicli lie or- 



INDIAN WILT.. 71 

dereJ liis wife to v<>(Ai for 'liDner; slie oheveJ, but wliPii 
it was pLu'fil uj»oD tlic t;i,l)lt' slie refused fu })artake dI' ir. 
*' Very weJl,"" said he, "if you are too <^ood to eat musk- 
rat YOU are too ^ood to live v.ith uu^."' And tliereupou 
lie took lun di)\vn ti> the phu-t- or liole in the river spokeu 
of, aud drowned lier. Mi. Cook j.;ave another tradition 
as foUows : Indian WiU liad three brothers-in-hxw, two 
of "whom resi(h'd on Lon^- Ishmd, and wjien, in course of 
time, w(U(l reaelied them that their sister had ])ceu 
drowned, they crossed over to Jersey to avenge her 
death. When they reaelied Will's cabin, he was inside 
eating clam soup. Knowing thei]' errand, he invited 
them to dinner, telling them he Avould tight it out with 
them afterward. They sat down to eat, but before con- 
cluding their dinner W ill ])reteuded he heard some one 
coming, and hurried to the door, outside^ of which the 
visitors had left th(dr guns, one of whieli AVill eaughf up 
and fired and killed one Indian and then shot the other 
as he rushed to close in. In tliose days the Indians held 
yearly councils about wh,er(^ Lnrrsville nr)w is. At one 
of these councils V* ill imd the third brother-indaw. and 
when it was over they started home together carrving a 
jug of whisk:}y batwjeii them. <Jn the way, iuthuned 
with liquor, this Indian toM Will he meant to kill him 
for droAvuing his sister. They closed in a deadly tight, 
and Will idlled his aidagonisj- with a pine knot. 

Mr. (.'ook sa:<l, Indian Will finally died in his cabin 
above mentioned. From the traditions related to us 
many years ago by Eli laiu John Collins and John Til- 
ton of r>arn;-gab Ticubcn A\ illiams of Forked Iliver, and 
others, and Irom Th<>mas ('(mjc's statements, it is evideid 
Indian A\ :li :iiu>;t have lived uutilabmita i-enturv ago, 
and if lie ])r^'tfstcd ag;viijst any sale of land, it must have 
been ai^ainst th< titles ceded about 1758. At the treaties 
then, ;'ji Indian c-alleil ('a})iain John. ci-iiunMl the lands 
from Metedeconj^ to Toms lliver, l)P.t oriier Indians said 
th.ev A\ere alt-io coiiceriual. 



72 



JIISTOKY OF 3l()\3lOUTn AND OCEAN COUNTIP'.S. 

INDIAN PETEFv. 



A TILMJITION OF IMFAYSTOWN. 

Aliout a eentiirv ai;') an Indian named Peter, said to 
have l)een conneettMl l)y velationsliip and in Lusine^s 
vritli tlie noted Indian Tom, after Avliom some, we think 
erronet>nslv, eonsidin'f-d Toms Pivcr to be named, re- 
sided at Toms Iviver. hut owiiiLj; to an unfortunate habit 
of mixing' too mueh ■\vldslcy ^\ ith his water, he l)e<-a!ne 
ll3lf()rtunat^'. and about the tin\e of the w.ir removed Avitli 
his family to the Aieinily of Iirdaystown, Avhere he built 
a wigAvam by .-i pond, not far froiu the village. 

Shortly ;ifter In^ b^-ated here his v, ife sickened ;ind 
died. Pett r dearly loved his scpiaw, and Avas aim 'st 
ht^art-hrokeu on account of the unlucky event. He 
covdd not hear the idea of jiartini;- Avirh his wife, of put- 
ting her under ground fuit of siglit. For a dnv or two 
he was inconsolable and Jcncw not Avhat to do; ;it length 
a lucky idea occurred to him ; insteaAl of l>urying her 
where he never more i-ould see her, lie would put a rope 
about her neck and ]»lacc her in the pond and daily 
visit her. This idea he at once put into execution, and 
as he daily visited her. it somewhat assuagcnl hi>5 
poignant grit^f. On one of his mehmfdudy visits tf> tlie 
departed partner of his 1) )som. h-^ n jti'/ mI in tlie water 
around her a large numl»er of eels. To turn these eels 
to account was a matt::n' of imp )ri:anc3 to Peter, l(jr 
though he loved his Avife, yet he loved money, too. So he 
caugld the eels daily, and for a \\eek or so visited the 
village regularly and found a ready sale for them aanoui;- 
the Aillagers. 

But at leni;th the suDply failed — liis ]!ovel ecd trap 
gave out. A fcAv davs thereat ter he wa;^ in the village 
ami numerous Aveie the iiKpiiries why h' did not 1)ring 
anv more of tliose o-ood eels. 

"Ah,"" said I*eter very innoc.Mitly. drawing a huig 
sigh. " nie catcli no raore eels — me s'pniw all gone — boi> 
— hoo I " 

His grief aii'l singular r"ply calh'd for an expla na- 
tioii, and he. thiidcing nothing wrong, gave it. 



AX INI. IAN DIXXEC — V SAVORY DISH. 73 

The result ^vas u ^euHral eastini:; up of accounts 
aaiong tlie villai^'Pi's;, t'.HTib]^ anathemas up;>!i the Tn- 
diau, and a holy horror of cols anioni;- that ^-piioration of 
Tmlavstowii i-iti/ons, and even to this day it is said some 
of their descendants woiild as soon eat a snake as an eel. 

(The ali(»vc tradition we have no doubt is substan- 
tially ccu-rect ; we derived it frf^ni Hon. Charles Parker, 
for many years State Treasaier. father of (Imv. Parker, 
Avho some sixtv y(\irs a'^o, while at Toms lii\er. met with 
some of the dis-aist^d |)urcha-;ers of Indian Peter's eels.) 

AN INDIAN DINNEli— A SAVOllY DISH. 



];KTIISIIEr,A, THE IXDIAX (,)UEEX. 

The last i-enmant of the Indians wlu:» fre(juenttMl the 
lower ]')ai-t of old Moinjiouth, liad their princ:]ial settle- 
ment at a ])lace called Edp;epelick or Edge Pillock, about 
three miles from Atsion in Burlington ccmnty, from 
v.dience they removed to Oneida Eake. New Yorl:, 18(>"2. 
Before theii- I'emoval, memb'-rs of this tribe with their 
families W(,)uld visit the shore once a year and sjend 
some t:me li>hii)g, o-\ste]:rg, making baskets, Ac. The 
most noted anunig the last In«b!ans who regulai'ly visited 
the shore Avei'e Charles ]Moluss, his A\ife. and \vif<^"s sister, 
who 1)()rethe eup-honious najiies of Bash and Suke, among 
the ancient lesidents of old Stafl'oid toAvi:sh:p, Imt :n 
Little Egg Harbor. P)urlingtoii county, wheie they also 
were frequent visitois, Moluss" wife was known as Path- 
sheba, and considcrid as a kivd of Ir.dian (^ueen, on ac- 
couiit of the thread respetd shown to her by her |eo]ile 
and by the (^)uak(ns of Ibirlington, because of her ]!os- 
sessing n.iore intel!igenc(\ and having a more pre])ossess- 
ing personal a])])earance than the lest of her ti'ib(>. At 
Tuckert<in, when Inn- (,-(mi]>any visitr(( there and jmt up 
tlieir tents, Bathsheba v.as gene-rally ijivited to make her 
home v\ith soim^ on*' of tlie ])i'inc:] al inhabUants of the 
place. At l-)arnegat, her comjiany generally camped on 
the place lately o'vned bv Captain Timothy Falkinbnrgh, 
wher(^ they -\vere on fiieiidh- teims with the whdes and 
(piite disposed to Ix' hos])itable, but Bathsludta, Indian 



74 



IIlSTOItY OF M(^\".\[()rTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 



Queen tliouu'li sIk^ may have been, occasionally pre- 
2)ared Indian elelu-aeies fen' the tal)h^ wliu-li the '.vhites 
sehhnn ajipreciateih Some thirty yeais ai^o Eli Collins, 
a well i-emem])ei-(Ml aged eiti/en of Barnegat, told the 
Avriter of this, that when he Avas a you]!g man, one time 
lie had heen out from home all day, and on his way back, 
sto]>]ted at tlie hut of Moluss. His wife Bash, or Bath- 
sheba, was boilijii;' sftmething in a pot whieli sent forth a 
most delightfnl odor to a hungry man, and he was cor- 
dially invited to dine. As he had been without anything 
to eat all day he willingly accepted the invitation ; but 
he soon changed his determination wIkmi he found the 
savory smelling dish was Jioj) t< dd ■:<(iiii>. 



CAJ^'JWTX AVILi;iAM TOM. 



A WEST JElISEV rioNEEi; — AFITK W]loM WAS TOMS IIIVEI: 
NA>fEDV — THE COMING OF Tli]: ENOEISII — INDIAN JI'STICE 
— DISCOVEKY OF Toms lilVEK. 

in regard to the origin of the name of Toms Bdver, 
we have two distinct tratlitions; oiu; alleging that it was 
named after a somewhat noted Indian, wXm once lived in 
its vicinity; the ..tln'r attribiues it to a certain C'a])tain 
A\ ilhani Tom, \\\u) resided on the Delaware two hundred 
years ;ig(;, and who it i>, sa.id penetrated through the 
wihh.-rness to tlu' seashore, on an e\:])loring (^N"]>i'dition. 
where he discovered the stream now known as Toms 
Bivi]' ; upon his return he made such fa^^n•able repre- 
sentations of the land in its vicinit\% that setthn's were 



induced to come Ijcr;' 



il locate, and these settlers 



named it Toms J(i\cr, aftei' Mr. Tom. because he rirst 
l)ronght it to tin- notice of the whites. 

'>\ hile the wiiter of this, after ])atient investigation, 
acknowledges that he can hml nothing tliat t (.n'-l usive' ij 
settle^ the (J iicst ioii, vet he is stioi'g in the belief that 
the }dace derises its name from Mr. 'lorn, for the follow- 
ing reasons: First — 'I hough tiieie wasanoti^l Indian 
residing at 'Finns !u\er a centur\ ago, known as "Indian 
Tom.' yet the ])l;u-e is known to ha\'(^ liorne the- mime of 



CAPTAIN ^Vlr.LIA.M TO.M. 



Toms River wlioii he was (}ulte a younu" mau; it is not 
reasoiialjle to suppose tiie ])l;u-e was iiaiiied after iiiiii 
Avlieu lie was sciiree out of Jiis teens. Se(*()U(l — The posi- 
tion and liusiuess of Captain William Tc>m, was sueh as 
to render it extienielv })r(^l)al)le that the tradition I'elat- 
ing to him is correct. iNJnch dilhcultv has l>een found in 
making researches in this mattei'. as Cai)t. Tom ^\as an 
active man among onr first setth^rs before our A\ est Jer- 
sey records begin, and inforiaation regarding him has in 
he sought for in the older records of New York and New 
Castle, Delaware. In his dav Southern and A\'estern. 
Jersey were under control of othi-ials whose headcjuar- 
ters were at New Castle, Del.; these f>tHcials Avere ap- 
pointed l)y the authorities at New York. In his time 
Ca[)t. John C arr a})]>ears to have be^-n the highest olHcial 
among the setth^s on both sides of the Delaware, actinu' 
as Comnrissioner, Ac. ]'>ut at times it Avould seem that 
Ca})t. Tom A\as nio]\' relied u]!on in managing jiablic af- 
fairs by both the (iovcniors at New Yoi'k and the earlv 
settlers, than any other man anioi:g them. In the various 
positions \\liic-h he lidd, lu' a]i]»eais to have unselfishly 
and untiringly exerted himself for the Ijest interests of 
the settlers and th(^ government. 

He held at dilVcrent times tl:e positions of Cc)maiis- 
sary, Justice, Ju.dge. Toun Clerk and Keeper of Official 
Records velatitig to the settlenjents on b(_)th sides of (he 
Delaware. Collector of (i^uit Rents. Ac. As collect(U" of 
(^)uit Rents and agent to sell lands, his duties cidled Idm 
tliroaghout the Southern half of (air State, wherever set- 
tlers weie found, and in se;:i(h (-i eligil-le places for 
settlers to lot-ate. A^'e iind that ('a]>t. 'J'om Mas continu- 
ally trav(diiig to and fio in the perfoi mam-e ot his duties. 
W!is among the tirst white Uien to i-ross the State to New 
York, Wi!s on g(«od ttunis with the Indians, with whom 
lie continually must have mingled, and it is not at all 
unlikeU- in the j)erfoimance of his duties, he crossed to 
the shore })\ Ind.aii paihs, --o numei'ous and so fre- 
quented bv the red men in his time, and thus Aisited the 
stream now kiiowii as Toms River. 



7G nisTOKY or M(>.\:\ioi;tu and ocean counties. 

As no outline of ('apt. Tom's lito and services ]ias 
ever Ix'cn imblislied. we L^ive tlie snl)stanfe of tlie facts 
foinul relatiii;^' to liini, not oriU' because of its prolialue 
bearing on tlip history of oUl Monmouth, and that' oui- 
citizens niav know w]{o ho was, but also Itecause it !j;ives 
au interesting- cliaptcr in tlie histi^ry of ourState. It will 
be seen that he was a prominent, trusted and intiuential 
man before tlie foundinj^; of Philadelphia, Salem or jjurl- 
ington, or l)efo}-e anv considerable s<Htlenients cxistcil m 
New -Tei'sev. In loolcing back to the jiast. it seems a long 
x'.-hile to Indian 'J'om's day, but ('apt. William Tom lived 
nearlv a ccmturv Ix^forc him. The fol]o\\'ing items are 
collected fr(U)i New "^'ork. PtMinsylvania and l)ehn\ are 
records: 

Capt. A\'iliia:\[ Tom came t*^ this c(uintry with the 
English expedition under Sir Jiobcrt (_'arre and Col. 
Piichard Xicholls wliicli concpu'red tlie J)utch at New 
Amst(>rdam, iNfw York) August, l()()Jr. Immediately 
after the English had trdccii formal possession of Xew 
York, two vessels, the '■(luinea" and the "AVilliam and 
Xicliolas,"' under command of Sir liobert Carre were 
des])atclied to attack th<^ Dutch settlements on tlio 
Delaware rivei'. After a feebh- resistance the Dutch sur- 
rendered about the first of ( )ctober of the same year, 
(lf)()I>. ('a])t. Tom acceuiipanied this expeditit^n. and 
that he rend'-'red v;ilu;i.bl" s m-v!c > tli?re is evid/Miced by 
.an (■)rder issin^d b-.' (rov. Nicholls. June :!•>, ](i()5, which 
states that for Willi'im Tom's "good services at Dela- 
ware," there shall l»e giii.itcd to him the lands of Peter 
Alricks, contiscated for hostility to the J'iuglish. ('apt. 
Tom remaineii in his ui:^j(^^^ty"s service until August '17, 
IdOS; during tliv last two ye.irs of this time he v.'as ('<uii- 
missarv on the- Di'lawnre. ITe was discharged from his 
inajestA's service on the ground as is alleged " of gooil 
IxdiaViour. " 

In ]iJ7") ('ai>t. Tom was ajtpo.ntcd on" of four a]")- 
praiscrs to .vet a vabc on 'I'lnicum Island in the Dela- 
ware. In 1()74 lie was ;ipj)oiiited secretary or '■/,//■/,■ for 
the town of Xew ("ast!i% and lie a]i[)ears to ha^e had 



tl'li ■'» '/ -111 



:<\ r 1 ' 111 . :'(,r u n \\l ff 



/I 



CAPTAIN V.'IIJ.IA.M TOM. ( / 

charge oi tlu^ ]nil)lic loconls for several years. In lOTo 
tlie Dutch re<.'-ai]j(Ml their |io\ver in New Y(^rk, New Jer- 
sey and Dela^varr, l)ut retained it only a few montlis; 
after they wtn-e again displaced iri l(i74, Gov. An-dross 
appointed Captains C'antwell and Tom to take pi^ssessiou 
for the King's use, of the fort at Xew Castle, with the 
public stores. They were authorized to proviiU^ for the 
settlement and repose of the inhabitants at New Castle, 
AVhorekills (Lewes) and other ])laces."" 

In l(j7~) some st>ttlers complained against Ca]u. Tom 
for molesting tliom in th(^ enjoyment of meadow lands 
Avhich adjoined their jilantations. The settlers prol);d)ly 
supposed because thev owned uplands, tlipy shoidd 
also have the same use of meadow land without ])aying 
for the same. The (lowrnor ordered a coniprom:sf. In 
1G7G he was a})po:nted one of the Justices of the Peace 
and a Judge of the court. He sat as one of the Judges 
in an impoi'tant suit in whicdi th-' defendant Avas John 
Fcnwick, the Salem Proprietor. Judu;m 'ut was given 
against Fenwiek, and a warrant issued to take him dead 
or alive. Fenwiek hn<ling it useless to resist, gave hiir^- 
self up, and was seid ]irisoner to New \ork. 

Capt. Tom Avas rea])|)oJited justice and judge m lOi 7. 
Towards the lattei' part of this y.'ar t-omplaint was mad*:' 
that the town records of Xt-w C'astle were in confusion. 
and !N[r. Tom was ordered to ari'aiige and attest them. 
It is not impr(/l)a]»h' that il! health ]irevented him frtun 
completing this task, as we tind his death announced Jan- 
uary 12, l(i7S, coupled A\ ith the simple r<'ma]-k that, "his 
])apers were in confusion." 

From the foregoing and other facts that ai'C ])re- 
served, it would a])[»ear that Williaju 'loiii wasalxrit the 
most ]irominent. useful and trustworthy man among the 
settlers from the time of the connng of tln^ Jiinghsli to his 
decease, that he enjoved the confidence of Coveriiors 
Xicholls, Lovelace and Aadross, that his varied duties 
vvere pcM'formed witli L^ein^ral satisfaction to settlers, In- 
dians aiul otlicials, and wt' may safely ijiier that he did 
as much or m(>re than anv man in h.s dav "towards the 



> ,n' - i 



li ; (' 



Niirl f'M" •,t.l( 1" -v.;! tiHI'.^. •Hi T 



1 1- ''".., •ll! ll- . 1' " 



•(> ' ,1 -. • I-fcf! ?J 



78 HISTORY OF .ArONMOUTII AN'D OCEAN COUNTIES. 

sottLmieiit iiud repi^sp of the iiiliabitaiits"' oil Ix^tli sides 
of the ])eL-i\vai't\ It is no dist-i-edit to the naiiie of Toms 
llivei' tliat it should l)e (hndvei' from siudi a man. 

In s])eakinL!; of ('apt. Tom's disL'over:n;j,' Toms Iviver, 
Ave do not refer to its (M'itjinal discovery, nor wish to cou- 
vey the idea tliat lie was the tirst white man who visited 
it. Tlie stream v,as discovered 1)\' navigators llftv years 
before Capt. Tom canr' to America. Tht^y simply marked 
the stream on tlicii idiarts v/ithout namini;- it. Tin-' fact 
that this rivtM' had l)cen previoush' visiteil hvthp Dutch, 
Avas probaVdy not known to (\a])t. Tom and the English 
in tliis^ day. 

PEIYA TEE RING. 



CAPTAIN sTom:i;. 

The following- is from an ancient ])aper ]Hil)lished in 
1782, just [U't'vious to tlie close of the war. 

" ^\ e learn that till' lirave ('ajjtaiii Storer, commis- 
sioned as a })iivatc l)o;it-of-v,-ar \indcr the State, and who 
pi-omises to he th;' <:;cnuiiu^ succ's-^or of the late Captain 
Hvler, has :L;ivcn a reci-nt instance of his valor and con- 
duct in capturiii!^' on(- of the enemy's vessels. He went 
in two ])oats thr(ju;jh the British th/et in the Narrows 
and l)o;irdcd a vessel undei- the tla.:.- stall' hatti'rv. He 
ca})tur(Hl the vess.^1 witliout alarm. Sh ' wa-; a sloop in 
the Eii^-hc^. rs' dep,irim;-nt of H. B. M. service, and was 
carried a\\ay safely." 

CA1>TAIX WJLLIAAt AIARKINEII. 

Ca]itain .Marriner li^'ed in Xew Brunsnick diiriui;- 
the war. Ihom notice of him in ancient ]iapers, Ave ilnd 
lie was another hrave enter])i'is:ne; ]iartisan, ;is the fol- 
lowing- extracts will show. The hrst is from a letter 
dated June 17th, 177^. 

" AA illiam ]Mar]-inci', a Vdlunti^er, with elevennnui and 
Ijieulenant -h,.hn Schenck, of our militia, went last Sat- 
niday ev( ninu,- frtun Middletow n Point to Eoni;' Ishnui, 
in order to tak*.' a few ])iisoners fi'om Eiathush, and re- 
turneil A\ith .Alajor MnjuTiett' and Mv. Thcophilus l5;icho 
(the \\orshiiiful Ma\-or and Tormeutor-Cieneral, Daviil 



; r '.■■,..] 



)/ 



.■■.<> ^_,:rit,i 



--rli ; .f/.- < . 



:;..■> •' t.; 



■I:\ 1 



'•I - i/ U H •'. t. 



■If: ( ] 



PRIVATEKlilNG. 79 

]Matth(Mvs, Es(j., who li;is intlicted on orir ]n'is(>iiers tlie 
most uiihoai'd of rruoltios, aiul who was the principal 
object of the expeditiou, hciug unfortunately in the citv,) 
with four slaves, and l)roup,ht them to Princeton, to Ite 
delivered to liis excellency the Governor. ]\[r. Marrincn* 
with his ])arty left Middletown Point on Saturday even- 
ing, and returu'^d at six o'clock next moridng, haviu"- 
traveled hy land and v.-ater above hfty miles, and ])a- 
haved with greatest prudence and bravery." 

The following is from an othcial naval work in the- 
Lil)rary of Congress : 

"The ])rivateer Blacksuake was captured bv the 
British, but in April, 1780, Ca^itain AVilliam Marriner, 
with nine men in a whale boat, retcmk her. Captain 
Marriner tlien put to sea iji his })rize, and captured the 
Morning Star, of (3 swivels and oo men, after a sharp re- 
sistance, in which she lo.st three killed ar,d live wounded ; 
he carried liotL })rizes into Egg Harbi»r. "' 

After the war Captain Marrin(H- removed to Harlem, 
where he lived man_\ years. 

The Daniel Matthews .-ibove spoken of was the Torv 
Mayor of New York, daring the Revolution, and noted 
for his enmity to all fa^ (jring the Ameiicans. 

CAPTAIN JACKSON. 

" Decend)er ISth, 178-2.— Capt. Jackson <^f the Grey- 
liound, in the evening of Sunday, last week, with much 
address, captured within the Hocik, the schooner Dol- 
phin and sloo}) Diamond, bound from ?Nev\- York to Hali- 
fax, and brought them into Egg Harbor. These vessels 
were both cimdemned to the claimants, and the sales- 
amounted to £10,-200. 

SUCCESSFUL EXPLOIT. 

In tho foll(,n\ ing itfm from the I'urh'et Jan. 1771), no 
names are mentioned. 

"Some Jerseymen went in row lioats to Sandy 
Ho(jk and took four slof)])s. one of which ^\■as armed. 
They lniruiMi three and took one; ;dso nineteen ]»risoners. 

The share of prize money ])er man, was .€400.' 



t,.-/.- ) 






l.-,U..i ( (I 



■ffl ).. M,.^ 



ii f .( 



!i. li ,-; J. -Y >/"/ 



80 HISTORY OF MOXMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

PllIYATEERING OX GTE COAST— TOMS llIVEll 
DinilNG THE ItEYOEUTIOX. 



PiaZES TAKEN — A.MEKICANS CAPTUliEJ) — AN ENE.AIY SEAF.CIITNG 
FOr. WATEi; LOSES HIS ];UM — OU) cr.ANIlEEiri inlet, iVc. 

Toms Piiver a])po;irs to have l)eeu oc-eiipieel hx the 
Americans as a military })()st Jiii-iuu- the greater part of 
tlie Revolntiou. The soUlicrs stationed here were gen- 
erally t\\'elve months men, eommanded hy ditierent otli- 
cars, among wlion) may be mentioned, Captains Bigelow, 
Ephraim Jenkins, Jam 'S ^Nlott, John S'ont and Joshua 
Huddy. Ca})tain Mott had command of a ccnupany 
called the " Sixth Conijiany "' of Dover, aiid Captain 
Stout of tlie S?venth C*omp:\uy. Tiie Fifth Company was 
from Stalford, and commanded by Capt. lleuben F. lian- 
dolph. These companies all belonged to the militia or- 
ganizatio'U (^f fdd Monmouth. 

The duties of fli'- militia stationed at Toms Fiver, 
ap})ear to have b,een to guard the inhabitants .-igainst de- 
predations from the refugees ; to (.dieck contraband trade 
by way of old Cranbiury Inlet to New York, and to aid 
our privateers who br(;ught prizes into the Iidet, wldrh 
A^as a favorite resort iov Xew Jersey, New E'jgland and 
other American privateers. 

By th^ followiii.'j extracts, it will h3 seen that old 
Dover township was the scane of m my stirring inci( hints 
during the war. 

Alxuit tlie 1st o[ Ajn-il, 1778, the government salt 
works near Toms Jliver. were destroved bv a detachment 
of British under (.'jqnain PvoT>ertson. One building they 
alleged belonged to Congress and cost €r),00.). The salt 
works on our coast at ^Nlanasquan, Shark Fiver, Toms 
Fiver, Barnegat and otiier ]il;ices, were so important to 
tlie Americans during tlie war that we propose to notice 
them in a sepai'ate article. 

Miy 2 2(1. 177S, it is announced that a British ',e<sel 
v.'itii ;i cargo of fri'sh herf and iiork, wa^ taken bv Ca]>- 
tain Andi'vsoii and sixteen men in an ai'me<l boat, auTl 
l>)'ou<;iit into Toms IJiver. 



1)111 *•: 



)>i:ii 



PIUVATEERTXf} DUKING THE ItEVOEUrioX. 8i 

In the early part of Auii-asl foUowiii'^-, tli^ Biitisli 
ship "L:)ve an T Unity,'' vrith a valiialde c-ai\L;;o was 
brought into tli^ Inh^t ; tli ^ carg.) wan sav3.1l>;it tlie slup 
^vas subsequently ivtak?n by a larga British force; the 
particulars nl ih'^ cip'iire anl recMpLure are as folhnvs 
from ancient letters : 

"August 12th, ITT-^. ^^e learn that on Tiiursday 
night, the British ship " Love and X.^uity" from Bristol, 
with 80 hhds of loaf sugar, several thousaml l)ottles Lou- 
don porter, and a large quantity of Bristol beer and ale, 
besides manv other v;ilual>le articles, was designedly run 
ashore near Toms Biver. Since Avhich, by the assistance 
of some of our militia, she has been brought into a safe 
port and her cargo ])roperly taken care of/' 

The cargo of this shi|) was advertised to be sold at 
Manasquan, on the ifjth of August, by Jolm Stokes, Y. 
S. Marshal. The articles enumerated in the advertise- 
ment show that th ' cargo m i-;t have b^eu a very valu- 
able one. Tile Am^ricin^ were not quite so lucky with 
the ship a5 with the cirg), as will be seen by the folio v,"- 
ing extract : 

"Friday, September l.^th. 1778. Tw(^ British armed 
shi])s and two brigs, came close to tlr^ bar oif Toms Iliver 
(Cranburv) Inlet, wher.3 they lay all night. Xext msjrn- 
ing between seven and eight o clock, they sent seven 
armed boats into tin.' Iidet, and re-to.)k the ship Wash- 
ington formerlv "Love and Lnity" Avhicli had been 
taken by the Americans; they also took two sloops near 
the bar and captured most of the crews. 

The capt.iin of the ship and most of his otlicers es- 
caped to the main land in one of the ship's boats. After 
they got ashore a man named Bobert McMuUen, who 
had been condemned to death at Freehold but afterwards 
]^ardoned, jum]);:'d into the b )at, hurreJiiiig for the Brit- 
ish, and rowed oil and joiu'^d them. Another refugee 
named William Dillon, who had also been sentenced to 
death at Fr.ehold anl pardoned, joined this party (jf 
British as pihjt. " 

Bv the foUowine- extract it will be seen that the ren- 



82 HisT()];v or moxmotth and o.'kw counties. 

e<^M(l3s McOInll.^u :iu(l Dillon, hail lu'eii out of jail l)ul a. 
verv few weeks, when t!r?y aided the ]5i-itish in this ex- 
pedition : 

"Jnly -ii'd, 1T7S. AVe hearn that at th- Court of 
Oyer and Torniiner, hehl at Monnnnith in June last, the 
foUowing parties wcn^ tried and found <j;uilty of burularv, 
viz: Tln^nias Euinions alia-; Burke, Jolin ATood, Michael 
Millery, AVilliam DiHon and llohert ^FcMuden. The two 
former were executed on Friday last, and the other three 
roj^rieved." 

McMullen p>'ol»ably had some connection with tlie 
expedition, perhaps to spy out the whereaV)outs of the 
captured cargo, as he would not have l)een in that viciuitv 
unless assured that a British force \v;is at hand. 

One tradition states that when he jum})_^d into the 
l)oat he was tiying for his life — " that h" was pursued liy 
the Americans and esca])ed by swimminp; his horse across 
the ri^er near its nioutli to a point which In? calletl (rood- 
htck Point to commemoi'at ' his escape." 

CTOfx.lluek Point near the mouth of Toms River, un- 
doubtedly received its name from some person flying for 
his life in the ab(j\"e niann m-, and it is possilde that it 
might ha\e been McMidlen. 

"On tire 'Jth of December, 1778, .it is announced that 
a British arn'U'd vessel, bound from Halifax t(> New York, 
and richly laden., canu- ashore near Barnegat. The crew 
about sixty in number, surrendered tliemselves ])rison- 
ers to our mditia. Cbjods to the amount of five thous- 
and pounds stei'ling were taken (.>ut of her by our citizens, 
and a number of pi'isoners sent to Bordeutown, at which 
place tlie balaiic;- of jtrisoners were expected. Aliout 
March, 1771*, tlie slonp Saecess, came ashore in a snow 
storm, at Barne-rat. She had bo^n taken l)y the lilritish 
brig Diligence, and was on her v.av to Xew York. She 
jiad a v.divbli' ..-ai'go of )'uiii, nn)lass(.'S, eotfee, coi'<);i, tVc., 
on ])(ja,rd. Th.e pri>:e, master and three hands were made 
}'risoners and sent to Pi'inceton. In the ease of this ves- 
sel and the one ]>ievi()usl\- nnuition^d, it is probable the 
Tcnns Piiver militia aided, as the name of Barnegat Avas 



! stl 



.Imii'*! Ill ^-h'n ■'•>(' 't f! 



rrjvA'ri:F.i:iN-(r duiuxc; thf, itF.vor.UTiox. 83 

frecpiPiitlv ;ip})lie(l to the shore north of the iiih't. l)orh 
on the beach and on the main hunh 

Feb. 8th, 177'.>. the sloop Fancy and sclioonei' Hope, 
M'ith cargoes of pitch, tar and salt are advertised for sale 
at Toms Piiver by the J. S. Marshal. They were probablv 
prizes. The Major Yan Emburg mentioned in the fol- 
lowing, belonged to the "id Eeg. Middlesex militia ; he 
was taken May 14, 1780. 

On the oth of Jnne, 17^0, an am-ient paper says : 
'• Ou Snnday morning, M;i jo]- A'an Embnrg and eight or 
iiiue men from West Jersey, on a tishing pai'tv, Aver^^ sur- 
prised in bed at Toms Hirer by tlie Refugees, and put 
ou board a. vessel to be sent prisoners to New York. Ind 
before the vessel sailed they fortunately managed to 
escape." 

Toms Kiver then did not seem c[uite as desirable a 
place for pleasure resort as it is in the present day. 
History does not tell us whether tlie ^Nlajor was success- 
ful iu catching fish : all we know is that he got caught 
himself. 

About the middle of J3eceml)er, 1780, a British brig 
in the West India trade, was captured and brought into 
Toms Fviver. This brig was short of water and }»rovis- 
ions and mistaking the land for Long Island, sent a boat 
and four men ashore to obtain supplies. The militia 
hearing of it manned two boats and vrent out and took 
her. She had on boaid I-IO Idjds of rum aiid spirits, 
which our ancestors ]u-onounced " excellent," V)y which 
we conclude they must have considered themselves com- 
petent judges of the article ! With the British, rum 
must have been a necessity, as in every prize takeii from 
them rum was an important })art of Uit: cargo. 

■The Britisii brig Molly, was driven ashore in a snow 
storm near Barnegat ; her pnizo crew Avere taken ]>ris- 
oners by the militia, and sent to Plnladvlphia. 

In Deoenilier, J7''^0. Lii'ut. Joshua Studson of Tvons 
llivrr. \\:is shot by liie refuget? Bacon, inside of Cran- 
berry inlet. The })artirulars of this affair are giveij in a 



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84 HisTor.v vT ?.iox3[0L'rji and ocean counties. 

iiotii-e of Bucoij's career, ajid theiet'ore it is umiect>ssarv 
to repeat tlieiii. 

Mareli 19. ITS'i. The privateer Dart, Ca[>t. Wm. 
Gray, of Salem Mass.. arri^ell at Toms Ifiver ^\•it]l a ])rize 
sloop, taken from the Bi'itisli <;alle_v, Blaek Jack. The 
next day lie went Avith his boat and seven men in ])ur- 
suit of a British l»ri<j: mar th^ bar. I'ufortunately for 
C'apt. Ciray, insti^ad of takin;^; a })rize he Avas taken him- 
self. Tor a loui;' time after, the TViins Uiver peo])le 
wondered what had become of him. In Anunst follow- 
ing they heard from him. After L;ettin^ outside the bar 
he was taken prisoiier, ;uid carried to Halifax, and sub- 
seqneutiy leleased i.ui }»arole. He stated he Aras Aveil 
tieated while a prisoner. 

A few da_\s after Capt. Gray was taken, the British 
attacked and burned Toms Eiver. This was the last 
affair of any importance occurring in the immediate 
vicinity of Toms Biver during the v,:\r. But south of 
Toms Biver, several noted ati'airs afterwards ovcnrrtML 
T>aveu}tort burn* d the salt works at Forked BiAcr, and 
Asas himself killt'd in June ; in Octolier, Bacon ;dtacked 
and killed several men on the beach south of P>arnegat 
lighthouse ; in December, occurred the skirmish at ('echir 
' Creek, where y(">ujig Co(.>ke v, as killed ; (-n the 3d of AjU'il 
following, (T7t!3,) Bacon ^s•a!s killed near "West Creek. 

A IIHODE ISLAND nilZE. 

The original and followiug certificate is in ])osses- 
sion of Ephraiiii P. Kmpson, Esq., of Collier's Mills : 

PiiOviDENCE, Feb. 21, P777. 
This may certify that Messrs. Clark and >«ightin- 
gale and Captain T\'illiam Bhodes have puichas( d here 
at vendue, the sjhooncr ]'<>i<'s ILntl, wliich was taken 
by the privateers Sally and Jost'])h (under our connnand) 
and carried into Cran'jerry Inlet, in the Jersics, and 
there dHiixered to the care of Mr. James Bandoljjh by 
cur prize masters. 

James Mai:o. 

John Fish. 



•>JII' 



rRIVATEEllING DUIUXG THE REVOLUTION. 85 

MlSf'ELLAXEOrS ITEMS. 

Duriui;' tlio Avar thore were iiiterestiuu; events oceurr- 
ina" iit Toms lliver, outside of niilitarv and naval matters. 

In Jamiiirv, 1778, Hie sloop, Tavo Friends, C'apt. 
Alex. Bonnett of Hisi)aniola, Avas cast away near Barn.e- 
gat, Avitli 1,000 bags of salt, 49 lilids. molasses, also a lot 
of rnm, sugar, A-c. Only 160 galls, rum saved. The 
.sliore peojde went to tlieir assistance, but one man was 
lost. Tlie Capt. of tlie Two Friends, Alex. Bonnet, tlien 
shipped as a }/asscnger in the sloop Endeavor of Toms 
River, for ]Sew Yorlv, but sad to relate, while she lay at 
anchor in the inlet, a storm id night ])a]'ted the cable 
and ail on boartl were drowned in the bay. 

In Decerul)er, 1778, Capt Alexander of the sloo]) Eliz- 
abeth of Baltinnjre, was taken by the British, but hcAvas 
permitted to leave in his snndl l)oat, and landed in Toms 
Eiver inlet. 

It Avas during the Ava]', in the year 1777, that Be v. 
Benjamin Abbott, exjtounded the then new principles of 
Methodism, to the ]H'0])le of Toms Iliver. tirst at the 
house of Esquire Abipl Aikens, and then at another })lace 
Avhen " a Frenchman fell to tlie floor, and neA'er rose until 
the Lord converted his soul. Here (at Toms Biver), Ave 
had a happy time," so says Abbott in his journal. 

During the Avar there Avas of course no communica- 
tion A\'ith New York, biit the peo})le of "J'oms Biver had 
considerable overland intercourse Avith ^Vest Jersey, 
Philadelphia ami l'L-(ndH)ld. 

OLD MONMOUTH DIMaXG THE BEVOLUTION. 



Historians generally (•oncede that no state among 
the old thirici'n suUereJ during the Avar more than did 
NeAV Jersey; and it is generally admitted that no county 
in our state suii'ered moi'e than did old Monmouth. In 
addition to th.- cuttrages to Avhich the citizens Avere suib- 
jected from tlie Britisli army, they Avere continually har- 
rassed by dt preihitioDs comuntted by regularly organizrd 
bands of B'-fugees, and also l)y the still more hiAvless 



86 HISTOUY OF 31CN MOUTH AND OCKAN COUNTIKS. 

acts of a set of oalcasts kuc.wu as tlie I'iuo AVooils lu)!)- 
bers, who, though preteudiug to be Tories, yet if oppor- 
tunity offered, robbed Tories as well as "\\ hii!;s. 

The Eefugees, or Loyalists as tliey called themselves, 
were geueraliv native boru Americans who sided with 
the British reoularly orii;anized, with officers commis- 
sioned bv the ]:>oard (^f Associated Loyalists at Xew 
York, of which body the President was William Franklin, 
the last Torv uMVi-j'no)- of Xew Jersey, an illegitimate sou 
of Dr. Eeujamin l^'rankliu. The Lefugees h;id a strougly 
fortified seitlement at Sandy Hook, the lighthouse there 
defended with cann(-n and Lritish ves.-^ek of war always 
lying in the vicinity. From this settlemeiit or -'Lefugees' 
town,", as it was sojuetinies called, these ni.'irauders would, 
sail V forth to plunder and murder in the atljoining county. 
To show the p'.u-ils by which the citizens of old Mon- 
mouth were surrounded and tlu' eaiti'ages to whicu they 
were subjected, we a})pend some extracts chietly from 
ancient papers, which tlnnigh plaiii and unvarnisheci, n^t 
will o'ive f! vivid idea of life and times in this ctniiitv in 
the chirk days of the Levt^lution. 

REFUGEE EAIDS IN OLI» MONMOUTH— I'lK EMINENT l'ATi:i0T3 

i!or.]'.EL>, cai'TUi:ei) and ,\[U];deri:d. 
"Juue od, 1778. \\'g are informed that ou A\'ednes- 
day mornijig last, a ])arty of about seventy of the Greens 
from Sandy Hook, landed near ^Cajor Kearney's (near 
KeyportJ headed for Mill Creek, Middhdown Point, and 
marched to IMr. .Tohn P>urrows, made him prisoner, iuunt 
his mills and both his sicn'ehouses — all valual)le build- 
ings, besides a great deal of Jiis furnitui'e. They also 
took prisoners Lieutenant Colonel Smock, C.q^taiu 
Christopher Little. Mr. .Tose].h "Wall, Captain Joseph 
Coveuhoven (Conov*^ri and s(n-er;il other persons, and 
killed ;\bssi's. Pearco and \'an ProckJe and wounded au- 
otlier man niort;diy. Having completed this and several 
other barbarities they ])recipitatelv returned the s.ime 
nn.o'nijig to give an accouijt of their abominable deeiLs to 
their bloodv ei.jplovers. A 3iuiid)er of these gentry, we 
learn, were f.'jrmcrly inhal>itants of tluit neighborhood.'' 



OI.P MCtNMOUTII DriaXG THE UEVOLUTIOX. 87 

Tlie "Greejis" above mciitionod, it is said, were 
Eefu,i>;ee or Loyalist Jerseymen who joined tlie Britisli. 
Their organization was sometimes called "the Xew Jer- 
sey Iloyal Yolunt'^ers," under command of (leneral Cort- 
landt Skinner. 

"April 2()tli, 1779. An exp(Hlition consisting of seven 
or eight hundred nn^n under Col. Hyde went to Middle- 
town, lied ]]anh, Tiiitoii Falls. Slirewshui'v and other 
places, robbing and burinng as tliey went. They took 
Justice CV,venh<)ven and others ])risoners. Ca])tain Bur- 
rows and Colonel Holmes asseml)led ou]- militia and 
killed tliree and wound<nl hftccn of the enemy. The 
enemy liowm-er succeeded in ca.rrying ott liorses, cattle 
and (^ther jdunder." 

In the above extract the name of Justice "Coven- 
hoven" is nu^utioned. The names of ditt'erent members 
of the CoveidioNon family are frecp.n^ntly "met Avith iii 
ancient pajiers antl records among those A\ho fa.voj'ed 
the patriot cause. Since tliat time the name has gradu- 
ally changed from Covenlioven to Conover. 

In ]\I ay, two or thi'ee wt'td^s after the above atlaii', 
some two or tlo'ce hundred Tori(>s lauded at Middletown, 
on what was then termed a " picarooning" expedition. 
The term " ])icaroi!n" originally meaning a })lnnderer or 
pirate, seems to have been used in that day to convey 
about the same idea tJiat ''raider" did in tlie late Re- 
bellion. 

'Miiue Htli, 177'.>. A partv of about lii'ty Refugees 
landed in LMonmouth and marched to Tint<n! Falls undis- 
covered, v.here tliey siir])rised and cari'ied ott' Colonel 
Flendrickson, Colon(d AVyckotV, Captain Chadwick and 
Captain ^[(dvniiiht, with scAeral ])ri\at(^s ot the militia, 
and drove off slie(M^) and iiorned cattle. About thirty of 
our militia hastily collect'.Ml, made some resistance but 
were rejiulsed Avitli t!ie loss of two men Ivilled and ten 
Wounded, th(^ eiiemvs loss unknown. 

A])ril 1st, 17SI). About this time, the Tories made 
another raid to Tinton Fails, and look otf se\en prison- 
ers. Another ])arty tcK)k Mr. IJowne prisoner at Middle- 



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88 HISTOIIY OF M(JNMOUTH AN"D OCEAN COUNTIES. 

town, who, but throo days before had been exchan,<2;ed, 
and had just Liot lionie. 

Al)out the Last of April, the Refugees attacked the 
house of Johu Hohnt^s, I'pper Freohohl, and I'obbed hiia 
of a hirgo amount of condnenral money, a silver wateh, 
gold riuj^, silver Iniekles, pistols, clothing, <S:c. 

June 1st, 1780. The noted Colonel Tye, (a mulatto 
formerlv a slav^ in Monmouth Co.) with his motley com- 
pany of about t-\\enty blacks and whites, carried oft' 
prisoners Ca])t. Barney Smock, and (liibert Van 31ater, 
S])iked an iron i-annon and took foui' hcu-ses. Their ren- 
dezvous Vi a> at Sandy Hoi,k. 

Sh'jrtly aftei' this, C'olojiel Tye aided in the attack (Ui 
Capt. Joshua Huddy, at his house at Colts Neck. Col- 
onel Tve, I or Titus, fvuineriy a sla\(^ belonging to John 
Corlies, ) though guilly of having a skin dark(U' tlian our 
own, yet was generally acknov.ledgcd to be abcut the 
inc».>f hr>noral)le, brave, generous and determined <>! the 
liefugee leaders. Like our for-fatiiers, lie fought for his 
liberty, which (Uir ancestors uniortunately refused to 
give him. 

October 1."), 17S1. A party of Ib'fugees from Sandy 
Hook landed at night, at Shrew.vbury, and marcheil un- 
discovered ti' Colts Neck, and took six ] ir.'soners. The 
alarm rcjudjed. the Coui't House aixiutfuur or five o'clock 
P. M.. and a nuijib.iv of in liabit;nit<. annuig whom was 
I)]'. Xatharjiid Scinlder, went in pursuit. They rode to 
JUiack l%>int to try to recaptui'e the six Ainei-ic-ans. and 
wliile tiring frouithe Itank, Dr. Scudder was killc^d. ])r. 
Scudder was one of the most prc>nbnent, acti^■e and use- 
ful )<at:iots of jlonnuuirh, and his death v>as a serious 

lor>S to the Ameii(-ans. 

About tlie l>eg!i,ning of August, ITS-^. llichard Wil- 
gus, an Am(-rican, was sliot below Alh-ntown, while nu 
guard to }>rt'^■ent c. /ntrabainl ti'a.di- with the I5)'iti->li. 

F(d)rmu'y bltli, llX'l. Jvbout l(U-ty I'efugees under 
liieut. Steejiiian, came \ ia San.dy Hook to J'leasant \ al- 
ley. They tool,- t'.veiiiv hor-es and tivc sleighs, which 
they loaiiv'd v, ith piuiidt r ; the\ also took sevei'al pris- 



vH.;> )!: 



>- 1 1 1 ir. 



OIJ^ MON.'^K'UTH Dri:i\(. THE liEVOI I'TION. SO 

oners, viz : Hoiulvick Ileiulrit-kson avA liis two soiw, 
Peter CovouhoviMi, or Couover as tlu' iiamr is iio^v calltMl, 
was ]na<le prisoner oui'e before in 1771'. as l)efore rt'lattnl, 
Garret Hendriekson, Samuel liownc and son, and James 
Denise. At (Tarrct Hendi-iekson's a vonnp^ nmn jnimed 
William Tln.)m}).so!r ,u;ot np slyly and went off and ir.- 
fornnMl C'a}>t. John Schenek, oi Col. Holmes' regiment, 
who collected all the men lie could to pursue. Thev 
overtook and attacked tlie refugees, and the hefoi-e men- 
tioned AVilliam Thomjison was killed and Mr. C'ottrcl 
woundf'il. TJie}' however took twelve refugees pris- 
oners, tliree of wJi-im Avere A\'(nijided. ]>ut in return- 
ing, thev unexpectedly fell in Avith a party of sixteen 
men under Stevensori, and a sudden tiring caused eight 
of the piisoners to escape. But C'apt. Sehenck ordered 
liis men to chai-ge hayonet, and the tories surrendered. 
Capt. Schenck took niiieteen horses and five sleighs, and 
took twenty-one ]n-isoners. 

The first of tke foreL^-oing extracts, relating to a raid 
of the British in ?>Liddletovrn townsliip, in 177^S, and land- 
ing near Majc:)]" iveariieA'"s, in the vitdnity of Keyporr, is 
prohablv tlie ai'i'air reft-ri'ed to in a ti-adition given in 
H<^v,'e"s eollectioiis, which we give below, as it explains 
why the lielugees iled so preci]'itateiy. It will be 
noticed, hoAvever, that ihe tradition (hies not a^ree' Avith 
extr.'ict (puited as to dainau'e done : but we have no doubi 
but that tile statenii^nt copif^d from the a.ncient paper 
(Collins" Chizettei is correct, as it w;is written Imt a feAv 
days after the affair took place. 

" The i)roximi1y of this part of Monmouth <:-ounty to 
^iew Yoik rendered It, in the war of the Pievolntion, 
peculiarly liable to tlie incui'sious of the jji-itish troops. 
Many of tiir- inhabitants, although serretly fav(n'abh- t) 
the American i-ause, were obliged to feign alh\giance to 
tlu' crown, or lose tlieir propert\' bv niaramling patties 
of th(^ refugees, from \essrls generaUv h'ing oft' Sandy 
Hook. A'.noiig tinise of this deserii'tion Avas iMajor 
Kearney, a )-esident near the pr-*sent site of lvey|io]t. <).i 
one occas.on a |)arty of thirtv or forlA" j'efugees stoppc^i 



.J I' 



"/ 111?: t. /• -Ml] ill .'r 



90 HISTOIIY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

at his (iwelliii.u; on their way to Mithlh'town Point, wlu-re 
t'liey iuteiuled to burn a dwelling and soino mills. Kear- 
ney feigned orntitication at their visit, and falsely in- 
formed tlieni there were prol):d_)ly some rebel tioops at 
the Point, in which ease it would be dan;j:erous t'oi ihem 
to mandi thither. He oi'dered his neti;ro servant. .Tnbt\ 
thither to make inquiry, at the same time seei-etly giving 
him the cue how to act. In due len,L!;th of time Jube, 
who had L;inie Ijut a short distance, returned and hastily 
entered the room where Kearney and the PiefuL;eos vrere, 
and exclaimed : " Oh Massa ! Massa ! tlie rel)els are at 
the Point thii'k as l>lackl)e]'rios I They Inne just coiue 
dosvn from the Court House and say tlu'y ai'e g-oin;.^- to 
march down here to-nip;ht. The ruse sueceeded ; the 
Piefuy;ees. alarmed, precipitately ndreated to their boats, 
leaving- the 3Ia_i\)r to rejoicH at the stratai;-em wldch had 
saved the propeily of his friends from destruction.' 

The pro])aV)iiit V is tliat the ruse pi-evc-nted the Piefu- 
gecs from doing a.s much damage as they had intended, 
although they remained long enough to inflict considci-a- 
ble injury, ;is has been ]-elated. 

fi;eeh()];d in the PE\'()LrTi()X. 

A few davs jn-ovious to the ])attle of Monmouth, the 
prisoners in Freehold jail, six of whom wi-re nudei' sen- 
tence of dcatli, well' removed to the jail at ^forristown, 
nnde)' charge of Nicholas A'an ]>runt, wlu) A\"as at the 
time 8heri^' of 3binmouth C*<uiniy. The following is an 
extract fro.n the minutes of tlic St;ite Council of S.ah^ty, 
ni.'der date of Septendjer "2S, 177H : 

"Agreed tlmt tluu-e l)e ]>aid ti> Mr. Schenck for the 
us(' of Niclunas V.-in Brunt, SluM-'ft' of "Monmouth, for his 
e.v|,eriscs in remo-sing th(^ prisomn's from tlic gaol in 
M')nmouth Co. to tliiit <:f Morris, at the time of tlie 
enemy's m.arch ilirough Monnumth A' in fclching bacl'v to 
]Morim-.>nth t]iir-;i- \\-ho were tliert^ to be executed, as jhu' 
Ir.s jiccouiit. tlie sum of I' IS (is." 

It 'vi'l l.'e r*'ne inlte, cd tliat the corpse of <''api;iin 
Joshua Hud.d',-. after his miudei', was brougld to tlie 



•,l» . nh 



FliKEHOLD IN THE IIKVOLUTK )X. 91 

liouse of Captain Janios Green, at Freeliokl. Captain 
Greens house seenis to have l)eon the principal ])laoe. 
for a time, in Freehuld, for nr-etin^-^ to transact pul)lie 
business. A nunibn- of trials were held there, notahlv 
Courts of Admiralty to try claims for prizes ca]>tnred 
l)y the Americans. Es'jnire Ahi(d Aiken, of Toms liivin'. 
liad one here the week befoi'^^ Huddy was taken, to trv 
the clainrs for the ])rize " Lm-y.' of which William ])il- 
lon had l)een master. Dillon ^\•as one of the ei^ht men in 
Freehold jail under seiitcnce of death. !■> whom Rev. 
Abel Morgan preac-hed in June. 1778. but he somehow 
escaped deatli. The iK^xt week ;ifter E>-(jriire Aiken liad 
the examination at Ca])tain (Treen"^^ Ijousc. at Freehold, 
for claims against Dilhoi's vessel. ])illon piloted the 
British expedition into Toms Fdver, which destr'.)ved the 
block house. c-a])tured Rud.ly and others, and bui'ued 
the vilhiL^e and Esquire Aiken's hv)usf anions- the rest. 

Ca})tain James Green 'uav have bef-n a seafarine 
man ]>revious to the war. At a Court of Admiraltv li.- 
at one tnue had claim on tire /j"' '///. a captured jirize. 

It will be remeniben^il that on- ;)f Captain Huddv"s 
daup;htt^rs married a Gi-een and tlie othei' a Piatt. This 
last was a 31iddlesex C )u;ity nanu'. John Piatt was 
sheritl'of i\[iddlesex iu 177'.^ and thereabouts. John Van 
Kirk was sheritf before him, and John Coiiwav followed 
him. 

In Monmouth. durinLi; tlie war. Xi(diolas VaiiDrunt 
^vas sheriff, tlien David Forman, and the last vear of the 
"vvar John ]5urrows. Jr. 

In 1780, salt\s were advertised to t.ike place at the 
house of Daniel liaudol[)]i, Fr(^ehold. A vei-v ju'cnuinent 
man at Toms Itiver in the early ])ai't of the war was 
James Randolph, extensively en^-aued in saA\- mills and 
other business. He died about 178], and Daniel I[an- 
doli)irs ap;)earance. then, at T'uns Rivi-r, sUL;;j,(^sts tiiat 
he mi^dit haveMone tlno'c to nnina.;" the estate. An ex- 
ecut(U- named J^eujandu Juiudolph tleui lived in Cjie^^t- 
nut street, J^hiljideljihia. 

Janu^s ^Vall is named ;is au inuk'"^]>er, at Fi-ecdiold. 



it »,- . 






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02 histoi;y of jioxmouth and ocean corN'iiES. 

in 1778, and ^^ illiani Snydrv, iniiko'^})er, is luiMied 1779. 
Tlir (^nly |ia]nT pnblislied in Xew JersHv ilion was 
the JTetr ./,;/'■'•■<' >/ (nc.cL'e, of wbirli Isaac Collins Avas pub- 
lisher. There ^vere no post offices then in ]\[onnioutli. 
The nearest ono \v;is at Trenton, of which T>. Smith was 
Post-Master. The ^^c\v Jersey ^riLicffr had many snl)- 
scribers in Monmouth, to whom jiapei's were d(div('red 
by post riders wh<> uinhu'took such business on their own 
account. 

UrPEK ITIEEHOLD. 



GETTING I;EA]>V I'O TAi; AND EJ:ATHE1; THJ: iaN(i S EAWVElt — 
MONEY PANIC A.MONO "THE .MON'.MOUTII rEOI'LE," 17G11 

By the ('om'tcsy of ('. 1). Dfshler, Est]., of the Xew 
Brunswick Historical Club, the Editor of the Mn/i nn.i't,', 
iJe hi < )i /-(if, 'Mx. ^[uwt-s S. ^ ,:r(b "^vas ^iven permission to 
pul)lish the followinu- i,'jtcrescin;.>: ])a})er commnnit'ated by 
Mr. Deslder to the ''luli, fcom wliich pa]K-}' it is copied: 

Bernardus E(\L;vaiiuf, an attoriiey living- at Xew 
Brunswick in 17')!), was ciouplaiiied of to the Assembly 
for having taken <-Noibitant fers. Eor tliis he was r^jiri- 
manded by tln^ C'ouiei', 'out tJus jjunislimcnl was miti- 
gated b\- theii' ])ub)isiiinL;', subsetpienlly, lett"rs from 
Cliief -Tustiee Smitli, ;uid Second Justice Head, \sliieh 
stated that liis chaig.'s w>'i-e oidy sucli as were custom- 
arily nui'le. 

Shortly aftei-, a saigular bdter \\as adib-essed to Le- 
grange. It was anonymous, and was tlu/Ught to he of 
sutticient importance to be inserted in the Minutes of the 
Assembly. Jt ^\as as foHv.ws: 
To 11 i)>'J.i<l nx Ij'ijr<ih(,e. /''^<,'., Aifiriirii <7 Liin- ! it A'/'" 

FitJEND Ij'.(;i;aN(;e-— ,Vs 1 am a lov-r of peace and 
concoj'd, tlicre is Jiothiiig gA<s mc gvcati)- pli'ii^iiic tkan 
bebolding tlu- same luiviiig a subsistr-iHc among man- 
kind. \\\:\ OH the olh<-r hand tlnrc is r.otliiiig can give 
me so mncii ])a ii as to ^cc aii\' of tJic liuiuan ^pc-ies lie- 
coitie a Xuis;ine(- t > the commou;iitv of mankind. 
AVliether the\' l)rromM su.ch thro' ;ni wt of inmlverten'-.^ 



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UPI'KR FREEHOLD. \}o 

or from a seltisli ambition. As for tho 1st I lieartily bo- 
nioau ainl VKM\ail tluMu (as it may tlow from some iiatviral 
passioni an^l I tliiuk so oiiulit all considorato men ratlier 
than ridifule 'em ; for my own part I am always led to 
pitvt'i- lament the rimditiou of that man 1 see act against 
his own })eaee iV well-heim; here. And if it is Aiid)it^,on, 
that has ma(h' him surh to his feUow eroatnres, Oli ! 
Wretch imh'cd I that Satan shonM lift up his mind, that 
he sliou'd become the cans(> of his own ruin, and the du- 
rision and hissinii of the iiener;d ])art of his ac(]uaint- 
auce. AVhat has oc^otten you the hatred A- aversio]i of 
the public in these parts arc best knovn to thysidf, A' 
whether dtserv(-dlv or un<h'served!y I shall not <hd(^r- 
mine ; but one rhin^ I c-an. a-ssure you. that tliou h;isr 
accrued it to the liiLdu'st (h-L;ree. And. if thou coniest 
tliis vrav. mav (lod Alm;i;lity liave Mercy on thee, for I 
am. conA"inc(^d the peojih^ have none, if the Lord does not 
turn their hejirts from their ]tresent resolutie)ns. 

I will let tliet^ know what I heard the other dav 
amonu' a Darcel of people, liavinL:; met accidentally with 
'em at the Mill at lh;e;lisli town conceiarinu' yon and ^om'^ 
more of ViUir brethren: thee especially tliey seemed to 
liave the greatest c;Tud,L;-e against: One of tluun said. 
Ho wished that fellow Legrange would ccune to C'ourt 
this Uionth, he >-]i'inld not escape fr'un out of a back 
windov.-' as he did l):.'fore; .-aiother of the com])any makes 
answer Damn hira. 1 heai' lie is to ciune and act as King s 
Attorney; but that ^liall not screen the rast';d, says he ; 
Ave, savs he, tlse lawyers has d'ine rliat a j)ur])ose, that 
we might not di:~tiir!i tiie villaiji ; but if ^\■e cat(di him. 
we will T.egvai)ge him I • 

I hearing the people ev|ri-essi]!L;' themselves in this 
manner J began to exanniie them wi-at you had done unto 
them that enraged them so against yon. A\diy, says (Uie. 
he will bring (.town our lje els A' humble us. They say 
y(m egged up their Creditors to put theii- bonds m siut 
saying Monmouth peo})le are all like to fail, and much 
more of the like nature. And, I irupi.ired, if they cou"d 
prove their assertions against you, they say, ves they can, 
b\- sonu' of their cieditor-; ami will it you c-a)'ry sonnj 
acti(ni ; ]»ut 1 could not learn against whom, or where 
the persori lived. 

Yesterd;i\" T ^\as ii; '/p[)er Freehold annmg somt^ 
Com])a]iy, where 1 heard tliem resohc eoncernnig you. 
mmdi the same as abo\<'; wishiui;- \"ou miuht come to 
Court, for there were between se\-ei) and eight hnndi'ed 
of them readv t<' receive \-ou. Xav, I have heartl soUit,' 



9-1 HISTOltV OF M()N^[OUTII A^D OCF.AN COUNTIES. 

of tliem clecluro solemuly they would use you as tlie iu- 
formers Avere iisimI at New York and lMiila<lol}»liia. I 
kuoAV, tliev oollected some money to jinrdiase two ])arvels 
of Tav and have a!j;reed with a inau tu haul it a ]Monday. 
And as fai- as I eau h^arn it is for yon. They intend tc- tav 
S: feather yon, and to cart yr)u fifnn tlie Court lionse to 
Yankirk's Mill iV hack .i^aiu. In imitation of the Oister- 
raau in New York. 

I shoud have taken the trouble to come to -yovir 
house and inforuuHl you of the plotters against your per- 
son ere n(jw, only, a.s I have some consi(hn'al)le property 
in this County, 1 know they would utti rly rain me if they 
knew I divuij;ed to you the least matter. 

Friend Lcu,ranG;e, ydu can act as you think will l)est 
suit you. Only 1 would advise you ;is a friend, to con- 
sider seriously the fury of an eni'aj.;ed mol>: mail with 
oppression; and thini: deliljerately with yoursi'd how 
you expi'ct to escape their hands : O. I beseech You I to 
])onder well in your l>^\-]i breast, the fate of many Kinp's 
A; Princ-es, Av])e]i tiny btH-onie obnoxious oi- hateful to the 
people. And the s^tirit of riotinc; seems to increase in 
our day ; think of the iaU'. of jMajor James (\i;den. and 
many of the eu.-^tom house ohicers. Xjiy, we have daily 
instances of one or another falling- a satritice to, the peo- 
ple when prov(»ked. And J c.-in j)ositively affirm if thou 
liadst dwelt in this County there would not been left one 
stone on another of your house ere now. 

Earo antecedeutem scelestum desiruit peiie p>o'na- 
ceaudo. 

I ordered mv yonn^- man to Ic.ne this lor you, at 
your house oi' ])utl"s for tliee. 

This letter w;is thought of sullic icnt importam-e l)y 
the House of Assemblv to be made the subject of its 
action, ;ind tlic following- additional record is to be fouuil 
concerninp: it in the Minutes of Ass'-mbh' : 

"On tlie question 

" Fvesf'lved that the said lettt-r is scand;ilous and un- 
wariaididih' : Jind thai ihis house loo.k ujxui the saine as 
manifestly temline- to a breach of the public peac. 
Tlie voices b(-ine eipi, I,] tlic S}»eaker decided in tlu- AtUrm- 
ative." 

On the \ote the members from Afidllesex voted in 
the !U'<;ative. an<l those from iMoiimoiith and Stunersid 
wovo divid<';l. 



OLD TI.MES. 05 

OLD TDIES. 



AX AM'IHNT TAVEIiX BOOK. 

Certiiiulv tlie tavtn-u urcouuts of a Xe\v Jersey Coun- 
try Inn, of o^•er an liuudreil years old, would be a 
curiositv. The kindness of a friend lias placed before us 
just sucli a doeunu'nt. It is a liome-nuide book of tlie 
ancient ribbed and unnded fools-cap paper. The bonk 
is made by folding each leaf down tlie niiddh^ lengthwise, 
so t'Uit each shei't makes four leaves ctr eig-ht ]iagt^s. 
The leu'^th is thirtet^n ijiclu'S, and the width is nearly 
four and one-lialf inches. The cover is also home-made, 
being of a coarse, thin [^;iste-l>()ard, made 'oy [)asting to- 
gether several sheets of ])aper, and tht-n pasting a strip 
of thin paper a quaiter of an inch wide round the bt)rder. 
The opening is made on the inside of the ccn'er, where 
the OAvner writes: "'His Book of Tavern Accompts 
Xovend)er I'h ITfHi liie ^iloney prock."' The abbreviated 
word ''pro'-k' needs explanation, which ha- been kindly 
furnished by jlr. C. ] ). Desl.der, oi the ]St-w Brunswick 
Historical Club. It alludes to the t^tricial and legislative 
])roclamations regulating tii.e currency as to its valae. 
The accounts, however, are kept [th(.)ugh not ^ery artisti- 
cally, yet Avith carej iji pounds, shillings aii.l pence. 

A private note accomjtauA'ing the book informs us 
that it is "the account of a hotel in tSouurset county." 
However that may be, the iianies found in the entiies are 
the family names of nearly all the old families of Mon- 
mouth cr)unty. and the adjoining county t)f Middle.st^x. 
There are accounts with one hundred and forty persons. 
Very nujnerous anunig these are the Cowenhovens. Of 
these one is entered Avith strict formality is '" Wm. 
Cowenhoven Pt ft." and another as " C(>urt h:>nse AVillmm 
Cowenhoven."" ^\'e have also the Buckelews, Carliles, 
Comltses, Claytons, Casslet rs. Campliells, darks, Craigs, 
Millers, C;)opers, Disbornv.vs. Dorsots, Englishes, Em- 
leys, Erricksons, Eornians, (rastoiis. Pages, Herberts, 
Hagenmns, Loyds, Laiids. 3.1uii-avs, Mox(;ls, M(jrfords, 
Ncwells. Perines, Patersons, Bue, Jleed, Smalley, Snntii, 



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96 HiSTor.Y OF :H()XM,)UTTl AND OCEAN COUNTIi:S. 

ScoLey, Poll;, -111110608, Tiltoii, Wooley, AViiiorito, "Wliito, 
i^'c. It is seen that those names avo spolJoJ ditFerontly 
iir)\v. And vorv oiirious aro the entries in tliis old book. 
Doubtless the following customer was a hard working, 
sturdy woman of those times. T\ e oopy the whole entry; 

1707. DOLLFA' IIAGFMAX, Dr. 

January 2 To 1 mug of Cider iV 1-2 Dram 6. 

To 1 mug of ]3eer 6. 

To 1-2 Dram 2. 

To 2 mugs of ]>eer 1 — . 

A]n-il 8 To 1 Dram 4. 

To 1-2 Dram 2. 



0. 2. 8. 
So DoUey's " aooompt '" wa^ 0£. 2s. 8*1. She paid the 
aeoouut, as it is oanoelled by two lines drawn diagonally 
across the page. Slu' is tiie only lady customer this 
trusting publican had. A customer named Rogei's has a 
long and varied account. "To 1 mug of ('id'*r 4iV oc- 
curs often. AVe tiud him on Xoav Year's ilay taking " 1 
mug of C'id(3r at Id.." and again on the sanio d.-iy indulg- 
ing in two inuus, for ^s"hich he is charged 8d. The next 
day we find him cliargod ^ith "2 Pin.t> of Cider 4d. 
(Query: did a mug of cid(M' contain two pints, as it is 
charged -Id., also ? Ifso, vn New Yeai's he must have 
taken three cp.nirts of ap^'lo juice.) This s.imr d;iy he is 
charged " to Victuals ")d. To 1 Dram 4d. To Su}^}ier 
lOd. To Hot IJum Is. 2d." As a dram was ji gill, and 
cost 4il., this hot ram ut 14 }>ence must have been a 
pretty heavy nigh(:-c-a[) aftiM supptn'. But this customer 
was generous, as wo find lam clnirged " 4'o lirjuor in 
Com])auy (that is, to treating round) Is. 7d.'" Other en- 
tries against him ;:i'e in ]\r;irch, "1 mut^ of Jmht <)d." 
Next month occurs au tiitr\- ''2 mugs of beer *jd,." 
((^uery: did tlicy lia\(- dilVeivnt sized mugs'?) Tlie en- 
trios occur "To Ifoer and egu- rum Od. To lici^uo]' i'(: 
Dread .V Cheese Is. Ud. To D-m-i' A" J:gg Ibim '.)d. Ajnal 
<>. To 1 Dram A- Pint of D-vr 7. To Cash 2s. To 1 Pgg 
Dram i\. ( )n t1iis date is an entrv to his fa\«)r: " ( "r. ijv 



OLD TIMES. 97 

Cash 7s. (5(1 "" Two days after, anotlicr lit of good mature 
comes on, so lie is charged "To DiuDcr A' Li(|Uor in 
Coinp. is. Sil. "■ and tli:' sani^day lie borrows of thelaiul- 
lord Is. On tin' 'iTth lie stands cliarj.;ed "' To "2 ])ranis 
8d. To Egg Ilnni A V.'ine Is. -Id." 

In an account running against one William Orchard 
through several months, we find among n.rmv entries for 
drinks certain items that would indicate him to be a ped- 
dler, and which aii'oitl .-^ome insight ijito traveling f^x- 
penses : "To Victual iV mug of Cider Is. (id. To Lodg- 
ing 4d. To hay A oats for horses Is. To breakfast and 
dram Is. To hay 1 dav A' 1 Xight Is. To 2 (,hiarts of 
oats 4d. To Breakfast A' nuig Ciih-r Is. "2d. To ],)inner 
Is. To hay for yoiir horse Is." A'c. 

A curious account is one that shows a bad debt 
brought from the day book, and the landlord s shrewd- 
ness in his further <h:aliiig. The account is as follows : 
170(1 ]Matjhe\v Hue, Blacksmith Dr. 

Dec 10. Brought from the Day Book 1. G. 

Jan 3U. To mug of ]> ;er on a shi]) in j)a '.v'n (5. 

So the poor Itla.cksmith had to pawn a miniature 
ship in order to get his drink. As to lu^w the att'aii' emh-d, 
there is no clue. 

Araong a good many entries, V ilb'am Carlile is 
charged " To 1 Sling (jd. To 1-2 Bowie of Punch !). To 
1 Pint of Beer od. To 1 mug of Bef^r C.d."" It would 
seem, then, that tlie mug ^vas (jf the capacity of a (piart. 

In the account of Daviil AVelch, January 12, 1707, is 
the entry : " To mug of Beer Wagered on Carlisles Wed- 
ding 0." The same day Welch is clmrged "To Stewed A' 
Iiuni od." What cookery may be iiujilied in the M'ord 
"stewed" is not ch'ai', as tlie }trice does not ])ern\it the 
following to ex])l;iin it: "To Cieler, (Quaker A' I'eer Is. 
3d. To mug of Stew(Ml ()uaker Is."' This "Stewed 
Quaker" consisted of cider witii soiin^ cider oil in it, .anda. 
hot roasted ap]>le tl>>iting on top. Idiis v\'him of the fre- 
(]uentt!rs of (Uiv aiiciiMit Am nacaa 'lavern mms really only 
a refinement t;n tin- inxurv iiululgevl in by the evening 
patrons of the old J-^nglish hostelry, when a r(jasteil or 



98 IIISTOIIY OF MON-MOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

wild apple Avjis iioated cm tlie imi^s oi al^". David 
Vrelcli's account runs tliron^li four inontlis. and foots up 
los. 2il. At tlu' bottom is ^\]■itten: " TliP aV)ove ace. is 
paid." 

One Petcv Yatsuian runs an account in the years 
1766— ()7~(JIS. 1 1'oni the nature of the entries it would 
seem that lie is a traveler — likely a peddler — as amoni;- 
similar entries is foiind this on*-; "To hay Stabling, Sup- 
per, Lodging A' Rum 'is. cSil." The heaviest single entry 
iu the book oct'urs in his account. " To li(pior cV Vict- 
uals in Com. {j>. ''hI." He is also cliargcd " To 1 Bole of 
Toddy Is.," and to "a jvtundand a half of Tol)acco lid."" 
AVe sus})ect a half ]iound was meant. Peter is credited 
by " 31s. york,"" nhich is entered as " 1 C. Os. 6d.,"" and 
finally ((i rare case, certainly i, the landlord makes a 
closing entry of 7s. "id. in Yatsman's favor. 

One Da^id Wilsoii seems remarkably free, as in a 
short account he is charged seven times li(pioring and 
victualing the conijiany. This Mr. AViJson stand.;, in one 
entry, credited with "two turkeys, t<'»tal os. 6d. ' 

A John Co\\'enlioven stands charged "■ To 1 njrig o( 
Swczel." What that is, docs not a})})ear; but it cost lOd., 
and as a mug of cider cost but -1, and a mug- of l)eer bitt 
6, it was ratiu-r costly. 

Charles Scobey gets credit " By soaling 2 ]3;iirs oi 
Shoes, -Is. 

Jonathan F(U-man gets credit for "' two bushels of 
Coiii, 6s." 

In settling one account certain diti'erences are struck 
between York money and Brock 'proclamation) money, 
and an allowance is made for what is called " ligiit 
money." 

This sh()rt sketch from this curicms old Ixjok, is 
given to slio-.v the prices of some things at that titnc It 
would be iiilHrt'sting to get at the old time talks, when 
tlie oJd folks gathered at this hostelry to hear tlie news 
and discuss the scandals. 'J'he 1 mh .k shows vividh" the 
soci;d status (jf the au-ohol (piestion then, .'i-iaong the' 
names is one Cdlbcrt Tcnnent — we dare not sav it was 



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OLD TIMES IX OCEAN COUNTY. 9(J 

tlic minister, 1)Acaiiso we ;iro not snro. But tliis is cer- 
tain, tliat since then the clian;^-e in sentiment lias been 
stupendous. It was then no disgrace to sit in the tavern 
and indulge — tht^ wedding, tlie funeral, the ministers' 
gathering, all saw tlie social cuj) pass freely. Yerily, 
temperance men have wrought wonders ; and the world 
moves for the Letter, as is testified to l\v this old witness^ 
of the days of 1760. 

OLD TIME"^ IX OCEAX COUXTY. 



PvEMINISOENCES OF ITS DISCOVERY — SETILEMENT — CHURCH 
HISTORY — REVOLUnON.VRY AND MISCELLANEOUS MATTER- 
SCENES ox THE COAST— FISHINlf AND WHALING — RELIG- 
IOUS SOCIETIES, .^C. 

The first mention by Eu]'0])eans of that portion of 
our State now comprised within the limits of the county 
of Ocean is contained in the following extract from the 
journal kept by Robert Juet mate of the "Half Moon,"' 
of which ship Sir Henry Huds(^n was commander. Sir 
Henry Hudson himself has given us no account of his 
discoveries on this trip iiL ICU'.). The Half Moon left 
Delaware Bas' aid was proceedijig northerly ah^ng our 
coast when Juet wrote as follows : 

"Sept. 2nd IGOU. The course along the land Ave 
found to be X. E. by X. from tlie land which we first had 
sigJit of until we came to a great lake of water as we 
could judge it to be, l)eing dro'vjied land ■\\'hicli made it 
rise like inlands, was in length i^Mi leagues. The mouth 
of the lake has mariv sho;ils and the sea l)reaks upon 
them a^ it is cast out of the mouth of it. And from that 
lake OY bay th*' land lays X'. 1)V E. and we had a .^reat 
stream cut of the bay, and from thence our soundings 
was ten fathoms two leagues from land. At live o'clock 
we anchored in eight fathoms water, wind light. Far to 
the no]"th\vard we saw high hills.'' 

The next moriiing the Half Moon procee<led on to- 
wards the Highlands. 

Juet's descripti<'n of the coast, its two courses, one 



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100 }iisto!:y or ^roNxtouTii and ocean tounties. 

above and tlie other i)olo\v Barue^'at gives it as it st j1 is ; 
tlie souiidiugs aiv al>out as lie dt^scribes. aud the inlet 
and bay still present the same appearance. 

SAV>' AND Gi;lST MILLS IN AXC'IEM TL^UES — FOIJD. FEi;i:Y, ETC. 
AT TOMS laVEIi. 

Among the sawmills first erected in Ocean county 
maybe mentioneil the following: 

John Eastwood had a sawmill on Cedar Creek pre- 
vious to 17-iO. 

Edward Beak's, sawmill, Kettle Cr.'ek, IT^'i. 

Yan Hook's sawmill. Dry Cedar Swamj) ]]rook, J740. 

Everingham's sawmill, ncjrtli briiiich T(^ms River, 
1750. 

Yan Horn's sa^^ mill, Yan Horn's brook, Toms Piiver, 
1750. 

Coward's sawnnll, n(Vith Inaiich Toms lliver, 17()'2. 

In the New Vurk 'V./:-^ /'/'/% April, 1768. a|)pears an 
advertisement otfrring for sale a trait of lan<l of 1.000 
acres at Toms Jliver ; also a sn^inill four rnih s from t)ie 
l)ay, renting foi' 82.0;)) f^ct goo 1 in^di !.K)ards a. year. 
The adverti^emeni is >ignt';l by Paul anl Aliraham 
Schenck, and reference given to John AVilliams. Tiniconk 
Bridge. 

Jackson's 3Jills aiul Sdienck's Mills, Jackson town- 
shi]), Willctt's^Iills, Stali'ord.Kimmons' Afills. X(-,vEgy|>t 
and mills on Forked llivca- (up{)''i- mill), 'W'aretown aud 
Oyster Creeks, were also built at an t^arly date. The saw 
and grist mill at 'l\>ms Tiiver i where the village ]iow is) 
v/ere burnt by the British, March, 178"2. 

We find tlnd some of these mills Avere est.-iblished 
farther up some of these streau) ^ than ntituv now woidd 
su]»pose would be the case ; fie" iumOrv would be made 
into small mirrow rafts and floated down towards the 
b;iv, whtre vc^s^d-^ vould i)e in readiness to carrv it to 
market. Old Cr;i!ibi'i-i-y Inlet being theiL open it was 
much more convenient to get to New Y<uk tliaii at the 
present dav, 

In 17-hS wo ;i i I in ancient records mention of 
Marcus Hedden'; un at Toms liive.v called ''The old 



l.J 



i;k, H fn;V 



Ol,D TIMES IN OCEAN COUNTY. 101 

giviiapr over }>lnce ; '' otlier \vritinL:;s spo.-ilc of " The old 
ridiug overpLiee." wliicli \v;is near the present bridge. 
In 1741) we tind nientiou of A. Lukers F^rry at Toms 
Eiver. 

The first land taken ii}) at Toms lliver ap})ears to 
lia\'e been a small tr.iet of 17 l-'2 acres along the river 
near Messrs. Anmaek's store Nov. 14th, 1741 ; and same 
date a traet 7") aeres liaek of Cowdjieks Hotel — by 
James Alexander, Survevin' Geueial. 

OrjOIN AND SK UNIFICATION OE SOME OE THE NAMES IN OCEAN 
COl'NTY, HlSTOIilCAL, TKAlJlTIONAL AND CON.TECTri!AL. 

Ma/iiialuiti'h'l II : This name is from the original In- 
dian designation of the plaee and signifies "good corn 
land." 

Barih [jilt : From the Dntch and signifies "Breakers 
Inlet,'' or an inlet with ]>re;ikers. It v\'as hrst written 
" Bar-ende-gat," then " Barndegat " and tinally the present 
orthography A\as ado])teil. 

\\'(ir, fiurn : So eaded from an early settler named 
Ahraluiin ir^M'//' \vh() di.d in that village March 24th, 
1768, aged '^vy years. 

Toiih'i Jin-ri' : So (.-ailed from a noted Indian living 
there ])r(^vious tc^ tlie IJevolution. It is said he held some 
ofBee under the British Government, but proving a de- 
faulter was der)rived of it and disgraced. 

jXnr JOjujit: Oiit) tradition says this plaee Avas 
formerly called " Kimmons Mills'' a man named Kim- 
mous owning the mills there ; and from the amount of 
corn raised and S()ld in the vicinity, people at a distance 
used to speak jokingly oi " going to Egypt to buy corn,"' 
and hence the name. 

Goo'lliul: : There is a tradition t(j the eiYect that a 
man on horseback being })ursued by smiie enemies in- 
tent on taking Iris life, rode his horse into the bay and 
swam him acioss to the point of land near the mouth of 
Toms Biv(M- u(M\ known as Grxxlluclc P(jint by v,-hieli 
mean^s he eseaped and to commemorate his deliverance he 
called it '' Goodluck Point."' In regard to the name of 
Goodbick aD[>lied to the Nilhige, a.notJier tradition .-.ays it 



102 HISTOKT OF MOXXOUTH AND OCE-iJN COUNTIEi?. 

was given by Kev. John Mtiririv on acconnt of the ;i<:K:»d 
lu-ek wh icli he 5^eriie<l to meet "R-ith there. As Alunay must 
have ori.Lrinally landed near G.»Jluck Pi 'inr. it is n-o i im- 
probabie that fanovin;: the name as applie-1 to the Point 
he might under the eircTtmstaneeshave bestowed it upon 
the viUage. 

JB'i/'eiid'^-^TO.t : The name Barende-gat in Datoh 
signifies Bi ''Kei-^^ >'u. t or an inlet -with breakers : it ar»- 
pears to have l>eeu ap]»iied t > tL'=' inlet, not as a perma- 
nent name, but oniv as one Jx-i-J^'^Jr^ of the inlet, l-v the 
first discoverers akmg our coast ; the same name is fonn<l 
nix>n some ancient maps applied l»oth to Absecon and 
Barnegat. 

The Dame Barutrgat in ancient tim<=>s was not only 
applied to the inlet and bav bnt to much or most of the 
land bordering on the bay. 

zxrLCTxzxT or '^m^js" cor>"TY te-.-ei,-. 

The establishment of saw mills reudrred it necessary 
io have vess-i-ls to cmry lumber to maiket ; these ve:?sels 
were generally sKh:»p>. This we.s about the beginnii:^' of 
the coasting ti'ade for which Ocean county La-^ since been 
so noted. After a time these first vessels fotind ad*di- 
tiomil empl«?ymeut in canying ce'iar mils to market ; 
after a time this trade ]>egan to luil l»ut about the time 
it failed the invention of a.^.-./<s.-/-^ caused a viemand for 
pine wcHxL Since tht-n a hirge numl»er of vessels '"^vned 
and manned by citizens of This county have t^een >tea.Iily 
engaged in the wo-.^d tra;le : when the supply of vane 
wcHxl failed in the cjunt^ . larger vessels were built and 
proceeded to Maryhmd and Vir-inia t«:> ol»trdn it. 

"When the largest of the timber — such as was fit 
for juarketable woixi. was cut ofi". the charc<:>al trade next 
furnished emphjtvment fc>r m:iny ••! the smaller class 
coasting vessels. The charcoal trade was commenced 
about forty years ago. 

At the present time m^.^st of the coastiui: ve>>?ls 
; generally schcH"»uers — two or three masted' are to*.i large 
to enter our bay loaded ; tljey are engt.ired in the coasting 
rade froru ^cw York to Southern and E;\steru j>orts. A 






! I 



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' ' OLD TIMES IX OCEAN COUNTY. 103 

large amount of capital is invested by our citizens in 
these vessels, nuicli lai-ger than Custom House records 
would show, as most of them take out papers at New 
York, Perth Aml)oy, Little Ei;g Harl)or and other places 
out of the county or out of the Custom House district. 
It is difficult now to give the precise amount of capital 
invested, but it is probable that between half a million and 
a million dc)llars is now invested in vessel property by 
Ocean county- citiz.^ns. Mcjst of these vessels are built 
in the county, but some have been built on the Xortli 
River, at Allowaystowu, X. J., and other places. 

(As there is no Custom House in Ocean counry, my 
impression is that much of the vessel property owned 
here is credited to other places ; for instance, if three- 
fourths of a vessel is owned here and one-fourth in Xew- 
York, the vessel v.ill be enrolh'd in New York, as it is 
convenient to renew papers there, i 

CATT. Hi:Nr>i;iCKSON ANJ) 'JIIE " OXKEST."' 

The first Euro|)eans wlio ever landed A\"ithiu the 
limits of our county, it is probable, were Capt. Hend- 
rickson and Ids companions in the celebrated yacht 
" Onrest"' (Restless', although we have no positive infor- 
mation to settle tlie })oiut. The evidence, thoug]i cir- 
cumstantial, is strong. It will be rememl)ered that Mr. 
Brodhe;id. the Historian of X. Y., discovered a ma]> in 
Holland supprised to have be:^n })ub]ished or made about 
October, lOl-f. This maj) gives so correct a representa- 
tion of ]l-irneg;it 13ay and tlie various stre.ims running 
into it that it b^ars u}):)!i itsfaci' evidence of liaviug been 
made from actual explorjitior;. In regard to the author- 
ship of this map of 1014, T am unaware of its being- 
attributed to any ouf^ ; 1)ut it Avill be remembered that 
the little " Onrest,"" after returning from her cruise in the 
S})ring of that year uader Adrien Bh)ck (from the East- 
ward >, v.%m take) i in cliar^-e by Capt. Hendric-kson who 
sailed oat of Si'mIv H:);>k soutluM'lv for the exju-ess pm- 
pos'^ of !i) ikiii^- disr )veries and ex-plorin^- tiie c-oa^t. 
Most mi})-; ma'l ' diirin.;- the succee'ling tift\' o]- sev.Mity- 
five years give so iii<-;)rr-c!- rejU'esentations of I'arnegat 



i 'j.'ll- 



';f,i,. 






lO-i HIST(M;V of .MON^riU'TH and ocean COUNJIES, 

Bay and tlie stroains pdi] (tying int(j it tliut they doubt- 
lessly wero nnid:' by pe-rsons who never entered the bay 
at all, bnt only saded ulouj; oatsid* the lieavdi. Naviga- 
tors in ve^s.ds ont-^idc could easily (h^terinijic the length, 
and quite ai-ruratedy th ■ width, also, bnt could see no 
streams. It is true tlnd: in the noted ''Figurative" map 
of 161G, of Capt. Hendrickson's, we lind notlungto justify 
the supposition that he entered this bay, but that map 
does not a})])ear to liavn b;'en made to give exact particu- 
lars of discoveries, but oidy to give general outlines of 
the coast for an especial and ditterent ])uriK)se, viz : to 
illustrate and explain his demands for cintain special 
trading privileges. From the olijVct he had in \iev\' in 
cruising along our coast in Idl-l ; from the si/e of his 
little vessels so well adapti'd for coming in our inlet 
which the larger Dutch ^'essels coUld not do : fiom the 
improbal)ility of any other nixigator cruising alcng here 
that year; fi'o;u the date of th'^ map correspondiiig so 
nearly to th'^' time of his trip : froiu the ])robal)ilities that 
he miTst have made a more minute map (jf the coast than 
his figurative one — from all tliese circumstances combined, 
it seems reasonable t(^ supi^ose tiiat the " Onrest," the 
first vessel ever built in Am nica, wa« tli" iirst that ever 
entered Barnegat Bay. 

FISf{IXO AND \V!iAJJNO. 

The fishing privileges ari'ordcd in the vicinitA" of 
Barnegat Bav were freiniently enlarged uponbv tln^ Pro- 
prietors and otliers, t:^ inilu-' ]>'rs:)nsto settle along tin- 
bay and eve!i whaling was expn-ted to prove <prite 
•pvotitable. The celebrated navigator De Yries tells us 
that on tlie 15th wf April, lG3o, he was ott' '' Barendegat, 
Avhen? in two Innirs lie. to;)k upwarcls of eightx' codtish 
bettei' than those of New Foimdlaiid. Samtrel (Iroome 
in order to eil'ect the establishment of this brancli- of 
coiumerce wa-; very anxious for a sp?;'dy arrangiMuent 
with the Indians wh 'reby lauls n?ar Biru^git might be 
secured."" 

The work of S.jott, 1('..S,"), before alluded to, s;iys : 
" ]3ornogat\ or Burning Hole, is saifl to be a very 



OLD TIMKS IN Ol'EAN t'OUNTY. 105 

goud ]>la -e. for lisliiu;- ;iUvl thei'e are some desiring t<> 
ink?. UM la-} 1 t!i 'V? \v\i > iut'ora us that it is good land 
aud Hltundauco of meadow lying in it."" 

Thoiigji whaling turn(Hl out uenerally nn])]'ontalde. 
yet our lirst settlers found indueenients enougli to locate 
here in other tisheries, the abuuda'ie? of oysters, wiM 
fowl, etc.; these, together with the meadow and farm 
laud adjacent to th:' bay, rx^ndered the necessaries of life 
easily obtain ible. Tn^^e first settlers, lo-iring th:^m- 
selves along the bay or upon streams near the l)ay, do 
not appear to have taken upland; the pvesumptitui is, 
that the Proprietors persuiided them to come and locate 
u])on their hnuls (U' were an.xious to have tliem do so as 
a means of drawing other settlers here. A few families 
ap})ear to have been in th^:^ county scattered at various 
points as early as about 1701), and slowly increased in 
numbers until from 17-5-") to 171'), abont which time (as 
far as I have been able to ascertain) settlers tirst l)egan 
to take up land. Then (17'>") b)i we find the next in- 
ducement to hx-ate here was the valuable sites for //.^//.v 
afforded by the num:^i'oiis stream-; ai;:l the facilities for 
the lumbar tralf" ; s;)m^ of the tirst mills establislunl in 
Ocean county it may be })rop<n' to mention. 

s]:ttlei:s v\um long island. 

It is sa'.d' that the Dateh. after displacing the 
Swedes along the Del.-tware in ll)5-"), and whih:- under the 
Governorshi]i of Peter Alricks and otliers, acquired large 
tracts of coiintry u]>on the eastern side of New Jersey. 
Arx'ording to some traditionary accounts, persons, eitiier 
8v,"edes or Dutch, from al>)iig the Delaware about this 
time visited Ocean county and endeavored to induce };er- 
sons to settle along Toms luvei'. but this point is n^it as 
yet conch;sively settled. 

Besides the ivasons offered by the Proprietors to in- 
duce persons to settle hei'c we have other causes which 
actuated manv of the tirst setth rs to locate hrre and in 
other part-< of East Jersey, given, in the following extiart 

■■■■■ HiNt. c.ll. \. .!. 



...II.. 



'I 



106 HISTORY OF M0N3L0UTH AND OCI^AN COUNTIES. 

from a letter of Lord Cornburv's to the Board of Trade, 
dated July 1st, 1708. 

" Two sorts (jf people remove out of tlii^s (_Tovern- 
ment (Xew York; to iieigiiborhii;- }>roviuL'es ; the tirsfc are 
trading men; of these but few ]>ave removed since I 
came liitlier. The other sort are husbundmen. Of tliis 
sort many are removed lately, esix^eially from Kings 
county, Long Island. Many of our early settlers along 
shore came from Long Island abDui the time referred to 
by Lord Coinbury— those on the lo\ver ])art of our 
county chiefly by uay of Egg HarV)or. And the reasons 
they remove are of two kinds, namely: The first is l)e- 
cause Kings county is small and full of peo]»ie, so as the 
young grow u]) they are forced to seek laud fai'tln r oii' 
to settle on. TJie land in the Eastern Division of New 
Jersey is g(jod and not ve]'y far from Kings ci)unty ; 
there is oidy a b;ty to cross. The other rejison that in- 
duces them to move into New Jersey is because they ])ay 
uo taxes ; no, nor no duties. ' 

Lord C'ornbury then ])roceeds to propose plans to 
check this emigration, but we iind that Gov. ilobt. Hun- 
ter, (A])ril ijOth, 17I(i,) still coiii])l;iius of " the great 
numbers of the younger smt "who le;ive Long Tslund 
yearly to })l.inr, in Nc\\- Jerst^y ;iud EennsylviUiia. 

KAIiLV SF.ni.EitS Oi" 0(JKAN. 

As before stated, mjinyof the early settlers of ()c(an 
county came from liOiig Island, prol)ably ;i inajority (tf 
those in the lower j)art of the c-ouuty. Many of these, 
perha])s most of them, cauK' bv tlie ^^'av of Little Egg 
Harbor. 

From Long Island tax rat"S lOT-"). to IC'S'S, are gath- 
ered the following among other familar ()c(^in county 
names : 

(hj^tn- Ji.'ii : Lirdsalls. Willetts, Horners, T..wu- 
sends, Andrews. 

(i rai'c.-<< nil : I'iltnns, j)avis, Woolh-ss. Ji^hnsons, 
Stilhwlls, Wilkins. 

Jirixildi 1 1'< n : Salmons. Jk(>gers, Llatts, Jones, 
('ox:\s. H'.ilses. 



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OLD TI^fES IN OCEAN COUNTY. 107 

Sovthaihjjt'm : Eoses, Mills, Cooks. Koinj)toiis. 

Su>itJio]<^ : Baileys, Salmons. 

Ko>it If<nnpt'.>n : Osboriies. 

Xi irfini'ii : Lawreiu'es, Paui^borns, Moores, Siaitlis, 
Soniliaids, Salmons, '\^ hites, AVilliams, Formans, Bird- 
sails, Bnrcliams. 

In several Lon,u' Island towns are the Lawrences, 
Conklins, Williams. ii<jgers, etc. 

From Burlington county came the Pharos. Bidi;- 
ways, Imlays, Jennings, ]Mills, etc. 

Among families supposed to have come from Middle- 
.sex are th^ Barkers, ■• (Tulirks, Bandolphs, Bredmores, 
etc. 

A large number of early settlers came from Mon- 
mouth: tiie Stouts, Holmes, Conovers, Lawrences, Bus- 
sells, Herl)erts, and others too numerous to meution. 

Many families of the same name appear to have 
com9, in ditTorent parts of the county, from different 
places, as Mills, Cooks, Jcihnsons, etc. 

Among early settlers who are referred to in ancient 
deeds but of whoin little is known as to their origin, we 
find Wm. Chamberlain whose house stood on the north 
side of Oyster Creek, 17o0 ; Bobert Hewlett's dwelling, 
Goodluck, 174rS, ami Niehojas Brov.-n, 3Ianmiliawkin. 

JIc>// : The cunty was so s])arsely po])ulatetl a 
century ago tiiat I doubt if it contained over twelve or 
fifteen hundred })eopl(\ though so large in territory. 

OLD SHHEWSIiUllV TOWNSHIP — TJIE DUTCH IN NEW JEKSEY. 

Ocean it will b(^ remembered was once a ])art of 
Monmouth, and MonuKmth was formerly divided into 
Middletown and Shrr-wr^'hurv. Shrewsbury then ex- 
tended to th:^ most southerly pohit <->f the })resent county 
of Ocean ; it is therefore jjroper to make some reference 
to old Slir(nvsburv. 

The celebrated Stout manuscript savs that in 164:8 
the]'e W(M'e only six white fiunilies in IVriddletown. It is 
doubtful if there ivcit^ any then in Shrewsbury. Sln'(^ws- 

* For PaiKei- f.u.lilv .s,c • (\>iitril)utiniis to K. I Ulst. 1>\ W. A. Whit.li. ud ' 



I •'»'.' 1 ' 'pttMl • .. . J 



108 HISTOIIY or .MONMOUJ-II AND Oi'KAN (OUNTIKS. 

l)iirv was iirst sottltul l)y I'liiigruiits from ( 'oiiiuH-tic:ut 
in 16G4. 

Tlie follo'\\iiig items roLiting uot only to SliriMvsbury, 
but to other parts of East Jersey, may he new to some ; 
tlier arc from the Dnteli rec(^rtls during their l)ri('f sway 
in 1G73. 

After displacing the Englisli, the Dutch sent olHcers 
into East Jersey to administer to the inhal>itants : 

THE OATH OF ALTj:olA\( T.. 

"Aug. 12th, l()7:i Thi^ inhabitants of Middh'town 
and Shrewsbury aie r^upiired and chai-g^d to send th"ir 
deputies unto us on T;n^s(La\' nn')rning next to treat' upon 
snrrenih'ring their said to'>vns to tlie Dutch. 

(Signed) CoiiNELius EvF.iriiE, 

Jacob Bexckks. 

" 11th 7l)er KiTo. (/apt. Knyti" and Lieut. Snell re- 
turned \esterdav morning from Aiihter Coll"'' and reixjrted 
tliat pursuant to their c-ommissions they liad aibuiiiis- 
tered tlie (»ath of allegiance to tht> inhabitants of th(- 
undernamed towns, ^\ho are found to number as in tiie 
lists lierewitli delivered to Council : 

Eliz;il>etlito\\'ii, Sf) men. "(> took oatJj — rest abscid". 

New Wark, SO " 75 " 

AYoodbridge, 'A " oi) " "■ one absent. 

J^iscatJiway. lo " lo " 

INIiih.tletowji, (lO " ~y2 

Shrewsbury, CS ■■ o8 " " LS (Quakers 

})romised allegiam-e — rest abseni." 

]:*>y the foiegoing census it appears that the men in 
East -b-rsey that year numbered '-VJl. Alhnving the i>"p- 
ulation to h;ive b:^en foui" times as many jUs the ])opula- 
tion of J-';ist .fers-v that veiir ii07-)i uould have b;"'en 
lofjl, ;ind of Shrewsluirv •27-. *■ 

]Many original Monmouth settlers were i^utch from 
Holhind. The Holland Dutcii origin is stdi proser-^ed 
by nni ny f;iniiliar names as shown else-vh'ne. 

The Holland Dutch iorbow Dutch, i are ])roverbially 

^. A ;;ii (■•-.• e(.ll. ,„• A.-1k.-iC..'1 i,i.aijiii-'--lji joiul the IiiUr." -bcvdiKl Bcr;,'rii Hili-- 
tli.' ii:).;,if :ipiil;.(l ti. Hast .Jcrs.j 



OLD TIME'< IX OCKAN COUNTY. 109 

a remarkably cloaiiiy and neat people — so nnn-li so, that 
Ave liardly dare call iu question the truth of the story of 
one of our very neat, tidy ]Mouniouth Dutch (Grandmoth- 
ers who scrubbed her tioor so thorou^ddy and so often, 
that one day slie scruV)bed through and fell into the cellar 
and broke her neck. 

The follo^vin;J; item also relates to Shre^vsbury : 
"Whereas the late clK>sen ]Mai^istr;ites of Slirews- 
hwry are found to be ])ersi)ns whose reli*^iou will not 
sutler them to take an oath, it was ordered that a new 
nonnnation of four })ersuns of true Protestant Christiau 
religion out of Avliich T shall elect tv.o ;ind contiiiue 
one of the former Magistrates. 

AXTHOXY CoT.YE, Gov. 

29th 7th bor KiTM 

Magistrates of Shrewsbury, sworn Sept. 1st, ]<^»7'!: 

John Hance, Eleakim A\'ardil. Hugh Dyckman. 

Ca])t. Knytl" and Lieut. Snell reported also that they 
had sworn in certain otlicers of the militia in s.-iid towns. 
For Middletown and Shrev/sbury Avere the following : 

Middletown — Jonathan Holmes. Ca}>t;iin; Jolni 
Smith, Taeut.; 'J'homns \A'liitlock, llnsign. 

Shrewsbury - William Xewman, Capt:iin; John 
AA'illiamson, Jaeut.; Xieh's Ijr^'wn, Ihisign. 

In 1682 the popnlatioi; of Shrewsbury was estimated 
at JOO, and sever;d thousnud ;icres of laud were under 
cultivation. 

rKOl'KIKJ'OKs" DIYISION OF LANDS. 

The tirst mention that I now remeralier to have met 
with Ox any part of the })resent coimty of ( )cean in any (jlh- 
cialy//'//- l\n<iJ>s]i ,;rn/uls is, ill the grant of the Duke of 
York to Beikely and C;irtei. t July 29th, 1^74. In giving 
theboundsof territory it i>. described as extending " as far 
soutliwai-d as a certain creek calle<l />''/•/?■:/'//, beingabout 
the middle point bi'tweeii Sandy Ho<)k ani (Jap;' ]M,iy. 
and bounded on the '..vest in a strait line from said creek 
called Bii/'ii' -iiif to a cer(;iin creek in Delawaic river next 
adjoining to and below a coitain creek in Delawart- river 
called ilenkokus." (Leaming A' Spicer, p. 4(i.) 



li. il\ •\ 






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110 HISTOKY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

The above quotation is rejieated iu Carteret's iu- 
struetious to planters and settlers, (^Learning and Spicer, 
p. 50.) 

In tlie Proprietors' Instriietious to the Deputy Gov- 
ernor, July od, lt)S5, it is ordered : 

" That whenever there is a eon^ enient Ph^tt of land 
lying together, contaiuiing twenty-four tlxousand acres as 
we are inft^rnied will more especially be the case at Bar- 
neydtic, it Ije dividi'd and markecl into twenty-four })artS) 
a thousand acres t(j each Proprietary and tlio parts being 
made as equal as can be for quality and situation, the 
first comers settling to liave the choice of the Divisioiis 
and where several stand equal in that respect u})on equal 
Terms and Time of settling it be determined by lot," etc. 

'^The sections proceed to give farther directions in 
regard to dividing the lands which are to be found in 
Leaming and S]»ii-i'r, pages 2l0-"211. ) 

TltWELINi; IN ANCIENT TIMES. 

Altlnnigh the niajority of ])ersons wh(3 earliest A'isited 
Ocean county travelled alom;- tiie shore, yet it is pro))able 
that the north-westerly and northerly poi'tions of the 
county were occasionally tiaversed by travelers crossing 
our State long before there were any settlements of 
whit('s in the central portion of New Jersey. These trav- 
elers crossed tlie State 'iov various reasons, some for 
curiosity, perlnips, ov to eN:|)lore it ; some on ])ublic or 
private business between the early settlements in New 
York and i^ast Jersey, adjiu-cnt. and the settlements on 
the Delaware, as iji tlic case of Capt. ^Vliliam Tom and 
Peter Alricks. 1(371 ; othev's as missionaries or tra^eling 
preacliers betwet'H settlements in this .'iiid otlnn- States. . 

I know of no account 'which )j;iv('s the' pivcise i-oute 
usually travelliMJ tlien. but it would be reasonable to sup- 
])Ose they foUoweil the usual liulian trails or paths. 
Among these- ])aths we liud or-casional mention in ancif^nt 
jMonmoutli and Ocean records of '' Purlinpton o].l ])atli,'' 
aiuong oHier pjaces referred to in 17*37 in the act creating 
the township of Oovei' ncjw in ()c(Mn. 



I'. ' 



,' IV-DlL ' .-. 



THE COMING OF THE WHITE MAN. Ill 

THE COMING OF THE WHITE MAN. 



WHAT THE INDLVNS THOUGHT OF Tiil'. WHriFS AND THEIll 
SHIPS. — THE NATIVES AST*)NISHE:). — THE :\[AX IX UED AND 
THE RED MAN. — FIUE WATER AND ITS FIIIST INDIAN VIC- 
TIM. THE FIRST INDIANS DRUNK, .tr. 

After Sir Henry Hutlson's dej)artxire Irc^ni'tlie shores 
of ]\[onmo\ith he proceeded towards Manhattan Ishiiid 
and tlience up the river now bearing- ]iis name. The foi- 
lowin<^ traditionary account, the coniiuj^ of ilie "Whites 
according to Heckwelder, was handed down aniong l)oth 
Delaware and Iroquois Indians. It is not often we meet 
in fact or fiction a more interesting stoi y than this phiin, 
simple Indian tradition. After exphiining that the Indian 
chiefs of old Moumoutli County notiiied tlio chiefs ou 
York or Manhattan Island, and tliat tlie ciiiefs of the 
surrounding e-ountry finally gathered at tlie last named 
place to give a. formal receptiou, the tradition says : 

A long time ago before men with a white skin had 
ever l)een seen, some Indians tisliing at a place where the 
sea widens, espied something at a distance moving upon 
the water. They hurried ashore, collected their neigh- 
bors, whf) together rehirni'd and viewed intently tliis 
astonishing phenomenon. What it could l)e, baiHed con- 
jecture. Some supposed it to be a large tish or other 
animal, others tlnit it was a large house floating upon the 
sea. Perceiving it moving tovrards the land, the spec- 
tators concluded that it would be proper to send runners 
in ditl'erent directions to cany the news to their scattered 
chiefs, that they might send olf for the immediate attend- 
ance of their warriors. — These arrived in nttmbers ti> 
l)eliold the sight, and perceiving that it was actually 
moving towards them, that it was coming into the river 
or bav, they conjectured that it must l)e a remarkably 
large hous ; in wiii^-h th3 Manif'o or (Ireat Spirit was 
coming U) visit them. They weri> much afraid and V(^t 
under no a])piehension tiiat the (ireat S]>irit would injure 
tluMu. Tliev worsiiipped Jiim. The ciiiefs. now asscMubicil 
at New York Island aiid consulted in wh;it manner thev 



t.-ii' ,f!i 



112 HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCK.VX COl'NTIES. 

sliould receive their ]M;tiiittn ; lueat avus pvepjired for a 
sdcriiii'?. Tln^ woui;-!! wei'.-'. direi-ted t.i ])r?]'>;ire tlieir l)est 
victuals. l;l<«ls or iiiiaue^ were examined and ])ut in 
order. A i;raud dance they thou^lit would be pleasint;', 
and in addition to the sacritice might appease him if 
Inmgrv. Tlu^ conjurers were also set to work to deter- 
mine what this ])h'^noiiienon ]>orten(h'd and Avhat the re- 
sult would l>e. To the coiijure'-s. men. women and chil- 
dren looked for ])rote -tJon. rtterly at a loss what to do, 
and distracted aitcrnatelv between hope and fear, in the 
confusio]] <! <^rand <bint-e conimenceih Meantime fresh 
runriers arrived, dt'clariui.;- it to be a j^reat house of vari- 
ous colors and full of living- cr'Mitures. It now appeared 
that it was their Manitto, ])rob:d)ly brinnint;" some new 
kind of game. Others ari'iviiig d.-dared it ])ositively full 
of peo[)le of different color and di-ess froju theirs, and 
that one aj)}teared altogether in /■(■//. (This was su])- 
posed to be Sir Henry iimlson. i Tins then mrist l)e the 
jManitto. Tliey were h^st in admiration, could not 
iniau'ine what the vessel was, whence it came, or what all 
this portended. They are now hailed fi'om the vessel in 
a Iciuguage they could jiot understand. They answered 
by a shout or yell in rlieir wav. Tlc^ house or large 
canoe as sc^nu^ call it. do[»s. A smaller canoe c(jmes on 
shore with tlie red iiian in it: soni" stay b\- the canoe to 
guard it. The chief and wis(» men form a circle into 
wdiich the 3'ed nnin and two attendants entei-. He salutes 
them with friendly countenance, and they retitrn the 
salute after their manner. They are amazed at tiieir 
coun' and di'ess, particularly with him, who glittering in 
red, wore something, ptrhajis Jace and buttf>ns, the\- 
could not eoiiiprehe]](L He must be tlie great jvlanitto, 
they thought, but why sii'nild he have a v\dnle skin? 

A large elegant JInU'-],Jni'-J: (goui'd, /. <\ ln^ttle, d<^can- 
ter, kQ.^) is brought by ruic- kA the sujtposed Manitto's 
servants, from v.diicli a substain-*' is -placed inio smaller 
cups r,r glass(^s and lianth-d to the ^Janitto. He drinks, 
has the glassr-s refilled and handed to the c'hief near 
him. He takes it, smells it, and ])asses, it to the nt\xt, 



H| . .. 



i i\ / 



.\> ■\ II f !' 



/ I'.'ll 



'j'HE COM rx(i oy the wpitte man. li;» 

■\vlio tloes tlio same. TIic ^lass in this niniuu'i' is ])ass(Ml 
around tlu- c-irdc and is alx-ut to be I'etui'ned to the red 
clothes uiau, wlu^n one of the Indians, a L!,reat warrior, 
harangues them on th*' nnpi-opriety of 7'(^turning tln^ cuit 
imemptied. Tt was haiuh-d to them, he said, l)y the 
Manittr), to diiidc out of as he had. To fo]h>\v liis ex- 
ample would please him — to reject, might ])rovoke his 
■\vrath ; and if no oije else would, he Avould drink it him- 
self, let wliat would follow, for it were l)etter for one man 
to die, thaai a wlioK- nation to he destroyed. He tlien 
took the glass, smelled it, again addressed them, bidding- 
adieu, and drank its contents. All eyes are now fixed 
u})on the tiist Indian in M(>w York, who had tasted tlie 
poiscm, which has sinee eti'ected so signal a revolution in 
the condition of th(^ initive Ameiicans. He soon began 
to stagge]'. The women i-ried, su})iiosing him in fits. 
He r<jlled on the gi-ound ; tlu^y henioan his fate ; thev 
thought him dying; he fell asleep; they at first thought 
lie had ex]iired, but soon perceived he still breathed ; he 
awoke, jumped u|i, and declared he never felt me)re 
happy. He a?5ked fm- more, and the whole assembly 
imitating him became intoxicated. While this int<ixica- 
tion lasted, the' wliites ronlin(Ml thems^dv(^s to theii' Aes- 
sels ; aftt-r it ceased, the man witii the red (dotlies re- 
turned and ilistributiMl beads, axes, hoe.-^ and stockings. 
They Soon became familiar, and c(jnversed by .signs. The 
whites made them understand that tlu^y wmild now re- 
turn home, but the next year they would visit them again 
Avith presents, and stay with tlieui awhile; but as that 
the^' could not live witlnmt eating, they should tium 
want a little land to som- seeds, in order to raise her1)sto 
put in their In'otli. 

Accordingly a vessel arrived the season -follow iug, 
when they were much rejoiced to see each other ; but 
the whites laughed when they saw axes and hoes hang- 
ing as ornaments to their breasts: and the stockings 
used as tobacco })ouches. Tlie whites now put handles 
in the axes and hoes and eiit downi trees before their 
eves, dug the ground, aiid showed them the use of stock- 



-mI; .11 (- 



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,!■,../' - 



•..I 



'I . 'i>\ i.f ! (-.;t!t'l'i 



.»f., 



11-1 HISTOliY OF MON.MOL'TII AND OCEAN (•0UXTIP:8. 

ings. Here, say the ludiaus, a general lau<;li ensued — 
to think tliey Lad remained ignorant of the use of these 
things, and h;id horn*^ so lonti; such lieavv metals sus- 
pended around their necks. Paniiliarity daily increas- 
ing between them an.d the xvhites — the latter pre})ared to 
stay Avith them-— askinp; them only for so much land as 
the hide of a hullock s})read before them would cover ; 
they granted the request. The whites then took a knife, 
and, beginning at a place on the hide, cut it up into a 
rope not thicker than the linger of a little child. Thev 
then took the rope and drew it gently ah^ng in a circular 
form, and took in a large ])iece of ground ; the Indians 
were sur}u-ised at their superior wit, l)ut tliey did not 
contend with them foi- a little ground, as they had 
enough. They lived cimtentedly together for a long 
time, l)ut the new comeis from time to time asked for 
more land, wliich was readily oV)tained, and thus gradu- 
ally proceeded higher up the J/c/i/ro/in/tf'"-/,' { //"t^sor, 
Rivei'), until they begaii to believe they \\ould want all 
their country, which proved eventually to be the case. 

The name v.hich the Indians first gave to the whites 
was Wo'ij>'<icl Lem)<ij,c\ wliicJi signitied white people. 
But in itrocess of time, when disagreeable events occur- 
red between them, the Indians laid aside this name and 
called them >i<-}i ironndcl- — the salt })eo})le — because they 
came across the salt water ; and this mime was always 
after a])plied io the whites. 

The foregoing traditions are said to have been 
handed down among bijth Delaware and Iro(|uois. 

The Delawares owned and Avere spread over the 
Avhole country, from New York Island to the Potomac. 
They saA' thev had a great many tcnvns, among other 
places a number on the Lennapewihittack or Delaware 
river, and a great many in Sf.rijirJihi on tliat part of the 
country now named Jersey. That a place named (J/n- 
choliiir!, now Trenton, on the l^aiiua])''wihittuck a laj-ge 
Indian tr;\vn had b/ecn for mai^y years together, where 
their great ciiief resided. The JJelawares sav Chick- 
oliacki is a i)lace on the east side of the Del.iware river 



■j'owxsHiPs IX 0(']:a\ rorxTY. 115 

above riiil;id':'li)IiiM, at or neiir a juroat l>f'ii<l wlirve the 
white ppople liave since built a town wliirli tlu-v call 
Trenton. Their ohl town "was on a hii;-h Ijhit'f Avliicli nas 
ahvay> tninblinu- <h:)\vn. vrherefore tlif town was ealh:"J 
Chiehohac'ki, wliieli is fiii,iJ,!n,<i ])an]vs, nvfuHuKi h.iuks. 
^Yhen the Europeans lirst arrivf^d at Yo]'k TslamT 
the Great Unanii (.-hiet of the Turtle trilie resided south- 
ward across a lar^e sti'eam, or Avliere Amhov now is. 
That from this towji a veiw loni;- sand bar (Sandy Hook) 
extended far into the sea. That at Aniboy and all the 
way up and down tli.dr larp;e riveis and bays and on 
great islands they had towns when the Europeans lirst 
arrived, and that it was tlndr forefathers v^'ho first dis- 
covered the Europeans 'on their travel, and ^^•ho met 
tliem on York Islaiid after they lauded.. 

TOWNSHIPS IX 00]'. AX COFXTY. 



The ])resent comity of Ocean, as before stated, wa.-4 
once a part of ShteA^sbury. This was the case iintil 
1749 Mhen a portion of the lower jiart of Shrewsl)ury 
was set oii' and fcumed into the township of Staftord. 

The patent i-reatino- the township of Statibrd is 
dated March od, 1741'. and M'as issued in the reign of 
George II, and is signed by Gov. Belcher. As this is 
probably the lirst <>ijh_uiil jub^ic (h)cument relating to 
any portivUi of the present county of Ocean it is a mat- 
ter of gratilicati(jn to know that this })atent is still in ex- 
istence iji go(^d preservation. It is, as was usual, ttpon 
parchment, with the great seal of the province of Xew 
Jersey attached, the impression of whicli still shows to 
good iidvantage. 

(This patent at present Avriting is in the care of the 
author hereof. ) 

The next division of Shrewsbury aftecting the 
county of ()cean, w'a.s tlie creation of the township of 
Dover June "2I:th, 17!)7, Aviien Wni. Franklin was Gov- 
ernor. In the recital of the boundaries of Dover, men- 
tion is iiiade of "Burlington old ])ath"' wdiere it crosses 









i ) 



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110 niSTOKY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

the nortli l)raii<-h of T^miis R'v^r, \tc." (Ttiis "BLirliii'^-- 
tou old path"' is tho oin^ ov-foie referi'ed to as haviiiu; 
hcen |H-oh;il)'y Lia\ oi scd liy i';n-l_v traveh'rs. ) 

The other to\v]ishi[is in ()>.'eau liavo heeii set oti" 
withiu hite years. 

Jii,-k-^'>n was oviL''inally set olf iu 1S41 ; Pi iini.<ir(J in 
1845 ; ri,'i<>ii iu iSlii ; ///•; ■/,- in 18.")(). 

PI " niste'i, it is sail I, \\as named in honor of ('l('nu»]it 
Pluuisted o]ie (^f the eaidy Pro})iietovs ; Bj-i k after -Jo- 
seph AY. Brick, a prouiiu'Mit citi/en of the township ; 
'Jark-sn/i, prol)al>ly after Cieneral Andrew Jackson, hnt 
some t-ontend it was also after the proprietor of "'Jack- 
sou's Mills," who Mas an t\irly and prominent settlm' in 
the township; perhaps the ton"nslitp re(.-ei\ed its uanu'. 
on aeconut of both. 

AVhcn ap]dir;itii>n was made to have "Union " set 
off it was proposed at lii'st to ca.ll it " Stratton," after 
Gov. Charles Stratton, hrit tlie }U'op>>siiion failed. 
roi'UL.vTiON OF ]:.vsr Ji^iisEV, shuewsuuky. \-(:. 

It may not he amiss to iiitroduee some brief items 
relative to auvl sh>)wiu;j' tli^' iuereasp of p(:)])ulation in 
this section of the State and also of the State at ]ai-i;e. 
as possessing.'; some ^ruera! intei'est ; thonu'h some, per- 
haps all of them, may ht' famdiar to those "well versed iu 
our earlv historv, \rt ihei,' mav contain scmethiuLf not 
generally kuov.n to +he [)ablic. 

In 1018 the celebrated Sr(mt mauuscriiit says there 
were only six white famiiiovs In Middletown. 

In 1073 C.q^t. Ki'.yti" ari'l Lieut. Snelhs rej)ort show.-, 
there \\-ere o91 male adidts in l:',L-.t Xe\\" Jersi'v. 

In 1082 the }K:ipnla'ion of Shre^^■sburv townshij) was 
estimated at 101). and ^li llh'town lOi) families. 

In ITC'i tin; populati > i ^)i the whole- State was esti- 
nmtodat about 2M,0!);j. ( ,M > Hist. Coll. X. J.) 

In 17');! Col. Lr'wis ?[ ):'r.s estimates the poj-idatiou 
of Ea.st Jersey at 8,!)()o. 

(Historical Coliectio :s of X. J. iiaep •_>(), says the 
poY)ulatlon of New Jerse - ['i 1702 was su])posed to be 
al)out 2l),()0;), of whi(.h jv'.))) b(doneod to East Jersey 



H" f'- 



' I. Tliilo 






■ l' "• ■.;,. .r 



'A ,/..' ?;i^V7;<;|j., 



M . \- ,1' /• I 



OUJ! COAST. 117 

aud 8.000 to West Jerspv, aii<l 3iiliria 1.400 ; Init C'.)l. 
'Morris estimates as alxive only S,()()() in ]i!ast Jersey the 
followiiip; Tcjir. > 

In 17'JO tlu^ j'Opulatioii o-f the ^^llo]e■ State was 
32,442. As tliese ap[)ea]- to lja\e been tlie tirst nearest 
approach whieli I h;ive met with to a ec^mplete eensns of 
the State this year (172()) I append tiie tabh-^ herewith as 
I notice tliat it appt\'irs to liave eseaped the attention of 
some Mi'iters well versed in the early jiistory of our 
State. It will be noticed tliat there were only ten coun- 
ties then. 

(See ceiisus table accomj)anying".) 

In 17.38 til.' popnlatiuu of X<:w .Terser was 47,300 —slaves 3,981. 
171o " '• '• " Gl,4(»3- slaves -4,(303. 

The last two are i^iven on authority of ^Morse's Geoo;- 
rapliy (old Ed.) 

1765. The New York " Post B03-," Decend^er 1705, 
estimates the number of whites aud blacks capable of 
bearing arnis in New Jersey thon, at 20,000. The British 
autliorities ;ip])ear to have kept account of the men 
cap;djle of bearing ai'iiis about this ])eriod. as they occa- 
sionally made (.■;dls or drafts foi- men. F(jr instance, in 
1757-8 during tlic old Frejich ^\ ar, in our State, soldiers 
lue/y /'ifi.sr I hif (IriiJ'f to go North to meet the Frencli. 
This draft operated witii severity among (^)uakers, espe- 
cially ; many v/cre forced into the ranks and marched 
!>sorth, but foi'tunately got into no battles. 

OUE COAST. 



DR. Koin/S KESEAr.CIIES. 

There are many interesting items relating not only 
to Ocean county bnt to the State at large to be collected 
from ancient maps aiul ciiarts. And I will here take the 
liljerty of calling attention to that portion of tlie I{e])Oi't 
of the Superintendent Ignited States Coa.-^t Survey for 
1850 winch refers to th.- lalxu-s of Dr. J. G. Kold. By 
the sketch given of Dr. Ivolds re}iort to the United 
States Superintendent it a[)pears that lie has examined 



I):.; r, , 






) h. 



. .' , . : 1 . ,/ 



I .'I M • ■ 1 



-f '».'• •■ ■' ■ !>,[/. :■ ■ V f, ,,■ r;, 



fV 'li. 



118 HTSTOltY or MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

al)out live luinJred cliarts, ia;i]is .-ind As'orks relating to 
our coast fioin 14'.*7 to IS.").!. Tlics;' were foiind in this 
country and l^uropc. and his researcdu^s for information 
rehitive to tlie .Vmcrican coast wore probahly the most 
thorough ever nnide, and it is ;i groat misfiu'tune that his 
report lias never hoi^i }uil)lish(Mh hut yet lies huried in 
the archives of the Superintomh^nts otfico at Washing- 
ton, As the I'nited States Su])erintendent"s nrport iV)r 
I806 is easily to Ik-- ohtainiMl for reference, it is unneces- 
sary here to give a fall descripticm of ])r. ICold's report : 
it will sutMce to state that, among other matters, it con- 
tains : 

A history of the Duttdi d:sc(iveries and of ex])editions 
to the regions 1»etv,-een A'irgirria and New England execu- 
ted during the fust «piarter of the 17'th century by Navi- 
gators IIutls<:>n, Blai-k. Hendrickson, C'hristiansen, May, 
Tries, and otiiers. (Part 1st, Chap. 10. ) The tirst part 
has also a maj) tracing the routes of tho prii;c:[)al discov- 
erers, and to all tho ])rin(';pal hays, harbors, t*v:c.. ou the 
coast is ap]»ended the nann-s of tlu^ ]U'iucipal exphn'ors. 

The S<_'ci,i,<I part of Dr. Jvohl's report contains a 
)'evi*'ir <if the luiiiit':-: on the Atlantic i-oast ; to every 
name is added an essay or note giving the origin and 
changes of name, its history, kc. Part 1st, Cha}). 13, 
gives Nev,' Jers<'y coast from Shrews'ourv inlet to L'a|)e 
May; c]i;i})tor 11 gives Deiav\-are l)av and river. 

The TJ'ii'il part contains among other matter a list 
of the titles of 1)ooks winch treat on the Iristory, geog- 
raphy, i^'C, of our coast, with critical notices; also lists 
of ma}»s and surveys ; and has copies of 10 princi}»al 
maps ha s'ing especial historical interest. 

A copy of so much of l^r. K<d]rs repent as relates 
to New .J(U'sey Y.'onld i)rove a valuable ac([uisition to our 
Historical C^)llections. Inasmucli as our (Government 
hasy>'^//V/ for his report it should b*^' puluished. 

SCENES ON TTIE COAST. 

August 5th, 1778. " Pately retaken and l)rought 
into Little Egg Har'oor by rno New England privateers 
in company with Cnpt. Jr)hn llice, a bilg and a sloop 



!»■ ' ), 






JM. 11/ 



J ■'■'■ I 



or 11 COAST. 119 

loaded. Several at t]ie same time taken into Great 
Egg Harbor by the ])rivateer sloo}> Cornet, Capt. Yel- 
vertou Taylor and others." { X. J. Gci'.tfr.} 

''By a gentleman i'roiii Egg Harbor Ave learn that a 
few days since a slc-op from Jamaica bound to Xew 
York was brought in tliert^. It seems that a number of 
Americans captured at st\i and carried to that isl.-nul had 
b^eu put on board in ord^r to b3 seiit to New York, and 
on their pussage rose and secured the master and hands 
and l)roug]it the ves.-~,el into the al)i'>ve port. Slie was 
loaded with rum, sugar, ;^tc." 

In November, 178' >, several persons were a})})re- 
liended in Philadel}>hia, for carrying on a ccjutraband 
trade with the enemy by way of Egg Harbor vt:\ssels. 
Their vessels woidd clear for lj<:)ston but had British 
passports. A'.nDug those taken were Caj)t. James Steel- 
man, John Shaw, Black; a man named Atkijison 

concerned with them esca])ed. 

CAPJ'. v;-^[. .MAiiUiNLi;. 

"June 17th, 1778. ^i\in. ]\Iarriner a volunteer with 
eleven men and Eieut. John Scheuck of our militia went 
last Saturdav e^enin«•• from Middlevown Point to Tjonii; 
Island in order to take a few prisoners imin Elatbush, 
and returned with Major Moncrieli' and Mr. Theophilus 
Bache (the worshipful 3I;iyor ar,d Tf)rmentor-(ieneral, 
David Mathev.'s, Es([.. w Ji'i iias inliicted on cnir prisoners 
the most unheard of cruidties and who was the })rincipal 
object of the expedition lu-ing unfortiinattdy in the city,) 
with four slaves and br.umht thviu to Princeton to be de- 
livered t<> his Excelienrv tlu^ Cl-overnor. 3Ir. Marriner 
with Ills p;irty lelt ^[i<ldIeto\vn P(dnt on Saturdav even- 
ing and returned at six o'ck)jk tlu^ next morning having 
traveled by land and water u])ove liftv miles andbeiuned 
"svith the greatest braverv and pruiU'iice. ' ( (T'l.-iettc.) 
scKXEs ON' 'Jiir. c'OAsi- i)Li;i\-.; jju: i;i:vorxTiox. 

The sloop Susannah, ('a])l. Sto.-ker i -f ei;iht gunsand 
thirty-tlve meri, tittcd out at Egg Harbor. (,>n the 20th 
of August, 1778, oif tliat ])ort fell in Avitli tht; " Emerald"" 
man of war tendei', a sloop of ]() guns, wh<-n a severe en- 



■!•, a m:- ; ((. ( 



'-.ii.ii id. 1 I. . ' ., l!| 



120 iiisTOiiY or Mo:>MouTn and ocean coixties. 

gagement ensued in wliioli llie Lienten.-int who crtni- 
mandcd tlio tender Avith several of the crew fell and tlie 
vessel Avas only saved by tliglit. Two vessels under con- 
Toy of the teudei- in the beginning of the action stood to 
the northward and also escaped. Capt. Stoeker during 
tlie engagement showed the greatest l)ravcry and has 
gained the esteem and contidence of his crew ; he had 
one man killed and six wounded. 

The privateer Creneral Lee came around from J-^iS'j^ 
Harbor on Saturday last. (Packet, S./]:)t. 177S.) 

About the last of S -ptember, 177^, a fleet of thirty 
British vessels, and the next day fifty more, sailed south- 
ward along our coast. 

August -ioth. 177'.». The Schooner :Mars, Capt. Tay- 
lor, took a v/t""' to niiistt'd vessel) the "Falmouth" i see 
Hist. Coll. }). G(),,> a |iacket and forty-tive prisoners; but 
the prize was retaken by the- BritisJi : (,'apt. Taylor got 
safe into Egg Harbor. In Se])tend>er, 1770. Capt Tay- 
lor took n pri'>:e into Egg Harlxu', containing a Hes^iau 
colonel and lil-f privates, alsn dry goods, etc. 

In Jitne, 177'.'. some Jcrseymen went in rowboats to 
Sandy Hi)ok, and took from the British four sloops, one of 
which was armed; tliey lLtr7i h1 three ;ind took one, also 
nineteen prisoners ; the share of prize money was i!fOO, 
per man. 

Aitout ])ecember 1st, 177S. Ca})t. I^-tevens, in a }'riva- 
teer belonging to R'j:\^ Harbor, took the S(diooner Two 
Friends, Capt. Sion of Xew York ; the Two Frieiids had 
six carriage and twelve s^\-iv(d gujis, and twenty-two 
men. 

About September 1st. 178*2, Cajit. Douglas with some 
Gloucester County militia a.tb'icked a Uefugee boat at Egg- 
Harbor v.'ith eigliteen Befugees oii boaril, fourteen of 
whom were shot ordrownel, and four escaped. This was 
supposed to be the band tliat r(_)bbed Mr. Fennemr)re, 
Collector of Burlington County. 

Jli'/i/.—-Yevy manv exploits on onr coast have been 
jiublished in ^lodern works and are here omitted. 



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SCENES IX OT.D .^rONMfil'TIT. 121 

SCENES IX OLD MONMOUTH. 

Auuust Ttli, 17^!2. Alioiit tliis time an American 
named Eicliard Wilgus was sliot while keeping p;uaixl 
below Alleutown to prevent contraband goods being 
taken to the British. 

In regard in the attack on Capt. Hudclv's honse the 
^Philadelphia /'"'■/.' f contains some items not mentioned 
in other accounts. The /^^7v7^^■ statements are as rela- 
ted by Capt. Huddy hiniself. It says tlipre were seventy- 
two men attackiMl him under Inent. Joseph Parker and 
William Hewlett about :in hour bcfi^re day. They c(jm- 
meneed stoning a window to pieces which aroused Capt. 
Huddy; the girl liel]>ed defend. Mrs. Huddy and another 
woman tried to inibice liim to 3urrender, as they thought 
defence ^s'as useless. Tve wIk) is here called " one of 
Lord Dunmore's crew," recei^'ed a wound. After Huddy 
surrendered, they ])lundered the house. They were fico 
]ioii/'s !)i fdhiiK/ /tii'i. Six militia came near and tired and 
killed their commai^.der. Ensign Vincent and sixteen 
men of the State regiment attacked them as the}' em- 
barked and accidentally wounded Hu(hlv ; the liring 
made confusion in th^ boats and one overset and Huddy 
swam ashort\ This paper savs the Eefugees '' made a 
silent and shameful retreat with disgrace — two hours for 
seventy-twf) men to t dee one man." 

The liefugee town at Sandy Hook was not allowed 
to remain unmolesteil by the Americans. Ca})t. Adaiii 
Hyler was continually on the alert seizing their vessels 
there and taking prisoners, A'c. 

Of the Pine Robbeis such as Fenton, Burke, Eagan, 
and others, it is not necessary here to speak. Accounts 
of them are alreadv ]>ulilished in modern works. 

April, 1870. Abcmv tlie last of April the Eefugees 
attacked (lie house of .John Holmes, 1 pper Freehold, 
and rolibed him of a v(^]-y large anmunc of Contintntiil 
money, a silver Avat(di, gold ring, silver buckles, pistols, 
clothing. A'c. 

June 1st, 17.S0. ColoJiel Tve (Mudattoi with his 



122 iiis'i\)i.Y or MO.\3iouTn and ocean counlies. 

motley e(~)m|).iny, t\\>'Ut_v black-; ;uul whites, e.-irriod oil' as 
prisoners, Gaptaiu ]]-irney Smock and Ciilbert Tan Ma- 
ter, si]>ik<M] an iron cannon anil took fcnir lioises. Their 
rendezvous was said to ho Sand}- Hook. 

About this time Colonel Tye Avith sixty I'lCiugees at- 
tacked Cai)taiij Hnddy's dAvcHinp; at Colt's Xeck. ^See 
Hist. Coll. p. ;)(j.3.) 

friie liefu.gees had a settlement or "town'" as it Avas 
often called at Sandy Hook.) 

October 15th, ITWl. A party of IJefugees from Sandy_^ 
Hook landed at niL^lit at Shrewsbury and marched undis- 
covered to Cult's Xcck and took six |»risoners. I'he alarm 
reached the Court House about 4 or o o'clo<-k, P. M., and 
a number of iulmlhtaids, among whom was Dr. Nathaniel 
Scudder, Avent in pursuit. They rode to Black I'oint to 
try to reca})ture the six Annnicans. and whilf tiring from 
the bank Hr. Scudder was killt^d. 

Tebrnary Sth, 1782. About forty Refug* es under 
one Lieut. Steelman came /•/(/ Sandy Ho(^k to Pleasant 
Yalley. They t(jok twenty horses and five sleighs, vrhich 
they loaded with ptlunder; t]i.ey also took several prison- 
ers, viz: Hendrick Hendrick.-von and ids two si')ns, Peter 
Covenlioven, Escj., (iarret Heiulrickson, Samuel Bowne 
and sou, and Ja'-ques Denise. \i (Garret Hendrickson"s 
a young nmn nann-d A\ ilUam rhomi)--ou got uj> slyiy aud 
went off and ii.toiined C'aptain .Jolm Srheiick of ('ohjutd 
Holmes' regiment, who oUectetl all the men he ccnild, to 
pursue. They overtook and attacked them, and the be- 
fore mentioned V\dlli;un Thomp.-,r>n was killed, and a Z\Ir. 
Cottrell wouu'l'tl. Thev. howevi r, ti lok twelve- liefugees 
prisoners, threi^ of wjjom v.ere woundetl. Jbit in rtdurn- 
ing they unexpectt-dlv fell in with a })artv of sixteen men 
under une SLe\enson, aud a sudden liring caused ( ight of 
the prisoners to escape. But Captain S( heiu'k ordered 
liis luen to charge ba\'onets and this itaih' r)f Tories sur- 
readered. Captain Schenck letook nineteen Inu'ses and 
five sleigh;^, and took tweatv-one jirisiuievs ; amiuig the 
latter were si'veral "well l^nowu atrocious villains. — - 



SCF.N]:s IX OLD Mox:\iorTH. 12o 

couiiT norsK ix mo n. mouth. 

Gov. Fiobert Hunter, in a letter to the BoaiJ of 
Trade, aated NeM" Yoik, Mny Ttli, 1711, .^ays : 

"I am diieeted li_v your Lcnlships t') seuJ vou un' 
observations on the past in Xew Jersey during CoL In- 
goldsV)y"s adnnnistrati(ui."" After alluding to otlier mat- 
ters he refers to an act fo]' building and re}»airing gaols, 
and says "by vij-tue of this art tln'y have designed a 
Court House in the renif)test eijruer of the eounty of. 
jNIonmouth whieh will lie a great tax u}>on the j)eo]ile 
of that county and was /,n/r party picjue."" (Was this 
at Freehold?) 

OLD SIIKE WSP.UJ:Y— lllEEHOLT". 

About the year 17(>o Col. T,ewis ]\loi'ris sent a memo- 
rial to ]]ngland ft)r a missionary to ])e sent to East Jer- 
sey, })articularly to Shrewsbury. Tl;is memorial con- 
tained the following iteirjs relating to Middletown and 
Shrew"sbury. 

'* Tln^ po])uhition of Ncav .Jersey (East Jerse\ ■?! is 
about S,0(>(). Freelio]d was settled by emigrants from 
Scotland. Mr. jveith (Ceoruei, began tlie tirst settle- 
ment tlure and made a tine ])lantation. One-half of the 
peo2)le "were Scratch Frcsbyterians. Tiu re is in town a 
Qmiker meeting house but most of the Quakers had sece- 
ded with Keith. Shrewsbury, he says, w.as settled bv >*mi- 
grants from Xo^v England and Xew Yorlc. There is in it 
jibout thiity (^)uak<'rs of both sexe?, and tliev have a 
meeting house."' 

Oldmixon in ITOS says : 

" Shrew-sbury is tiu^ most southern to^\•n of the })ro- 
Tince ami reckoned the chief town of the shire. It con- 
tains about liiO families; and o(),(X)<> acres of out planta- 
tions belo)i<j; to its ilivisio)). There is a new tov,-n i]i tiie 
county called ]-'i-e(di(.ld, ^\hi<•h h;is not \i<'i'ii laid (Uit and 
inhabitcnl l"ng. It does ]iot contain as yet above fortv 
families.'' 



124 IIISTOIIY Ol -MOVMOUJ}! ANJ» OrKAN COUNTIES. 

AX(7ENT ^[APS AND rHAllTS. 



Oil jiiicioiit in;ii»s and cliarts. Avliicli I have had op- 
})ort'iiiii_v of t'xaiiiitjiiiL;-. the foriowiii^- items liave seemed 
to me Avorthy of note : 

ir)14. The map found hy l)rod]iead in Hollanih sup- 
posed to liave Ix'eTi maih? Octohcr ITtli, 1014. lias upon. 
it Eyre Haven, (Eg^' Haihor,' and lu-rth of it an iidet not 
named, meant for Barnegat. Tiie hay nov>- Iniov.u as 
Barnegal Uay is hiid do\\ n w ith islaiids. rivej-s. iVc ; so 
fair a reprosentatiou of Tonjs Jlivei', EorJ^ed Iviver, Oys- 
ter Creek and other streams running into it i-- giveri tliat 
it is evident the nnap was math-' hy aetu.d txplorarion. 

1(310. Capt. Hen(h'irhson"s (•el"d»rat('d I'ignrative 
16in has hut one inh't on our v-oast, ]U'ohal)ly meant for 
Egg Harhor and one rivi'i-. 

1014-21. On a map in tlie Lil)i'ary of tije XeA\- Jer- 
sey Historiead Society, lt>14-"21, iharnegat Inlet is given 
as Barendegat. 

1G5G. A map (>f l*!,")*; i Vissehers ? i has Ba.ruegat 
Inlet, called Barndegai ami Al)seco]i Inlet also called 
Barndegat. 

1G5(). A anderdionck s ma]), 1h"">(), has only river 
running into iJarm^gat Bay, and its course southeily ; 
this river is evidently marked at random, not from actual 
exploration. Ou this ma]) is named a ti'ilie of Indians 
about tlie lov/er ])art of Ocean and Biirliii^ton : this trilje 
is liere called '"Ermomex;" near the line of Ocean and 
Monmouth is another tribe callvd the ■■A([ininaidu»(|nes." 
Two Indian villages are also laid down, a])])areutly not 
far from the lines of this county : tln^ northerly village is 
called '• Amacaronck : "' the southerly onr^ "]\Ieotam Ka- 
rouck." The tribe of Indians on this nia]» called J'h'jno- 
inex in other jdaces is called Armeotiiexs. Erwomee. Ar- 
mowamex, Arwavmons, Arwamex, Armeomeks. S:c. (See 
also Barker's Prim. Settlements ou Del.) 

lOSJ.s. (iabritd Thomas' n)a]>, lOOS, locates the above 
meutiop.ed Indian vilhm<' of Amacaronck about ll shcuiid. 



» , .- 11 



i;j;'.) 



\.. J ...u:-. I ../h .1, 



I • / 



ANCIENT .MAPS AND CHARTS. 125 

suppose! tlio liead of Toms liivev, and Mcohiiii Ivaionck 
probably iu tln^ vicinity of Maurit-e lAiver. 

One (^r two Avrircrs I notice liave doubted wLetlier 

tliere ever were such villages ; as far as the existence of 

Indian villages is c(->ncerned, tlie travels of l^urjiyeute 

alone settle tliat ]ioint ; it is iniiualcrial A\hetljer or not 

tlie names are con/ectly given, thougli nis impression is 

tliey could not Ix' far from corj-ect. ;is tli<^ last syllalde of 

each name, "' onck," is a '.s'ord signifying " })lace,"" in the 

dialect of the Indiaus in tiiis section. 

*' In Memorv of 

ABRAHAM A^ JvVIl^, 

Died M;irch -J-lt]), ITOS, 

Aged S.5 years. 

Whose inocent life 

Adorned true liglit." 

Tradition says tliat AhrahaDi \\ 'a(>ir came fi'om th<> 
vicinity of tlie Karl (/^ate, where he liad a- mill Avashed 
away in a storm, .-ind then cann> and settled at t1iis place, 
wliere one or tsvo mills were standing in liis time ; and 
that he belonged to a singula)- religious society of whii h 
notice is given elsewhere. 

(fystr ('i< >h. From the ijuanlity of oysters in its 
vicinity. In old deeds this cr(Mdv is sometiuu-s called 
"McCoys"" Cieek an(' - McCays " ( ^•eek. 

V(/rk'(l Ji'ii'-r. J'h'om its branches, thrc^e in number, 
shaped somewhat like a fork. 

Cedar t'l'icl:. From tlie cednr along its banks. 

Pottera ( ',■•■, k. The family of the Potters wei-e among 
tlie first and principal setth^rs in iis vn-inity. The father 
of Thomas l-^otter, tlie founder of thc: ( io. -dluck I^niver- 
salist Church, Avas ])i'obably tire iirst. 

T<nni< Jiivfr. ( )ne tradition, (juite gt-iierally act-ept(Ml 
in the vicinity, says that it a\ as naiued after a noted In- 
dian named Tom who resided on an island neai- its 
mouth, and whose iiione A\as said to be Thomas Fumha. 
A map oi- slcetch made in 17 K) of ^-losijuito Cove and 
month of Toms Ftiver ( jn-oli.-iltly by Sui\eyoi- Lawrencei. 
has marked, on it " Ihii-negatt Tom's Wigwam." locatetl 
upon north pcnut of Mos([uito Co\e,. (This map is in pos- 



. 1 



.. .;.// I 



•111 '*.•:! 1 1 I 



12G }iistoi;y of moxmouth and ocean counties. 

session of S. H. Slireve, Est}., Toms Ilivei'. ) ludiau Tom, 
it is state<I on 8eemiiiu;ly j^ood authority, resided on Dil- 
lon's Isbind, iii^ar tlie mouth of Toms Hiver, dirrin;jj tho 
llevolutiou. As tlie name " Toms liiver,"" is found about 
fifty year-^ before (17"27,) it throws some doubt upon the 
statement that the name was derived from him. 

AnotJiev tradition, and a more reasonable one, says 
that the plaec was named after Captain ^Villiani Tom, a 
noted man ahniL;- the Delaware from 10()4 to 1674. A 
manuseri})! in tiic Library of the oSew .Ter;>ey Historical 
Society — I believe the author's name is Henry — says 
the stream was named after Captain William Tom. One 
or two aged citizens who spent much time aliout Toms 
Kiver about fifty } cars ago, inform me they saw it also 
stated in old ])ui)licati(nis at Toms Eiver or vicinity when 
they were there. 'JMie manuscrijit above referred to gives 
a cpiotation ((dsewhere given) from Delaware records 
wdiich, however, is not conclnsi^e. I do not consider the 
facts ijct presented on either side give satisfactory rea- 
sons for deciding either way upon the origin of the name. 
I will append som .' few l>rief items relating to Ca[)tain 
T(jm, whicli show tljat he was a prominent, trustworthy 
man, at least, wiiethcr the ])lace was named after him 
or not. 

Toms liiver, as has clsinvliere been stated, was often 
called (loose Creek. The first tinn^ it is called (Joose 
Creek ^ as far ;is 1 ha>'e been able to find i is in a patent 
to liol)crt ])art-lay and also one to Di'. Jolmson, ItlljO. 
The last tinn- I have noticed it so called is on (\areys 
map, iNll, where it is called "Goose or^Toms Creek." 
Toins liiver was also S(^raetimes called the " Towii of 
Dover" — as in liivington's lloyal Gazette \\hen describ- 
ing Block House affairs. 

d///' ■/,'///,. Iji'ick 'J'owiishi]>. Sometimes called Me- 
tedeconk, <if Indian derivation, ])robablv from tlie words 
" Alittig-Coucl:— -a ])lac(^ where tliere is !j;oo(l, (U- thrifty, 
or living timbf-r. " 

Xt'ir F.'jijj 1. A liii;h. ly esteemed citizen of this vi- 
cinitv gives the fe>llowing and only account 1 havehea.rd- 



I-. ■ ,.i .1: 



M' ' 



"■i r-i ■ \ -• . > ' I ',■•■> 



• ( J . ■ , - ( 1 //• 



... .,1 >'-,•; 



ANCIENT MAPS AND CHAins. 127 

of the oi'ip;in of tlie name of this ph\ce. A man named 
Cow})eithwaite KiniDions, formerly owned a mill h^vo, 
and the place was called *' KinniK^iis" iMills." From the 
amount of corn raised and sold in this vicinity, ppople 
at a distance used to s]ieak jokingly of "going to Egypt 
for corn," and this iiame thus applied, tinally became 
generally adopted as ap})ropriate for a place so noted 
for corn. 

Colher's 21 ills. So called after a lato ]»roprietor, 
John Collier. Before him tlie mills were owned l)v a 
man named Shreves, and then called Sluvves' iNIills. 

Ca.s.sn'/ie. After Lewis Cass. This place was for- 
mei-ly calh^l Goshen — (so^netimes still called so.) 

DoicusrUle. After S;anuel Do\vns, a resident. 

Gocdlticl'. Goodlnch Point at the jnouth (d' Tojus 
River, it is said, was so named hy some man in am-ient 
times wdio was pursued hy an enemy seeking liis life and 
who escaped by swimming his horse across the river; as 
he landed he called the })iace " Goodhick." on account of 
his good luck in escaping. The village of Goodluclc 
2:)robably derives its name tVom Gijodluek Point. 

DonliJc Creek. This Creek upon wdiich Bariicgat 
village is situated derive;-; its name from its d<)uble 
mouth — having two moutiis about half a Uiile apart. 

ManoJiedee. Aft<^r Manchester in England, proba- 
bly so named by Wm. Torrey, principal proprietor of the 
village. 

JJiirrbviHe. After Jhn/illa Jjurr. a })rominent citi- 
zen there many years ago. 

In regard to the oiigin of the Indian names in 
Ocean county I do not place much reliance ttpon the 
definitions given in the befoie-mentioned mainiscript in 
the New Jersey Historical Library. I have given the 
meaning after cai-eftd examination (.i authorities, the 
most satisfactory of winch I have found to 1)e School- 
craft in cjno of the volumes of the Snuthsonian Institute. 

In regard to the Iiuliaii word ans^vering to our word 
" place," en- locality, I find it variously given in names ile- 
rived fron) the Indians as, c'.nr]:. h)h(l\ <-<i)l\ cinih', (.n<-k, 



i)|-| ». Cl'jl .. 



V. 



II j: .1 •|,.iii». •/. I |> -ifiiiii 



128 HIf>TORY OF MONMOrril AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

(■(rv., (I/I, )in. (imj, i-itl: (Aluoiujuin, S;iiikilvan udiI Moliicnu/) 
iMrFioi'LiY or op.'j'AiNJNo ea];ly tiistohv of ocean county — - 

'• (lOINtT ol'T WEST." 

Al)out ht'tv ov sixty yoars ;il;(> ;1 lai'^ip inimlu'v of 
fainiiies from soino of tli" "villuL^cs aloii^- tlio l>av, par- 
ticularly from (ioijJbick, Cedar Creek, --md tlierealxnit, 
] removeii to ivnlstoiie, Pennsylvania, tlieii ca.Ued "the 
' Ivedstcnie eonutry." (•(nisiderml and calleil at tliat da^' 
"Out We^t." 

Among tiie families who theii went were David 
AVoodmansce, William l^ml, Sammd Piorcf-, Alxd amd 
Jonathan Piatt. John Smith, Ac. 

About ft~>rty years am> a lai'iie number of families 

• removed from various jjlaces in ou.r eountv to Clenesee, 

New York, to ()hio, AEi^-higan, I^idiana, and other States. 

The nurjiber of " ohl residents" now living iu our 
county is unusnally ^inaii \\i proporta^n to the popula- 
tioii , the reasons ai-e chieliy the removals out of the 
county of one class, and t.he atteutiou given by so many 
of the remainder to coasting affairs Avhich so notoriously 
shortens lif('. 

It is stated by Societies in Xew York and other 
places devoted to bencs'olcnt I'tt'orts among seamen, tliat 
the average life of a suih-r is l)ut i-rdrr; vears, from the 
time he (Hjuirnences following tlu- s<'a. 

In. oui- coun.ty it is a strikijig fact that out of the 
hirge i)ro})orti(jn of oni' j/ojiulatiou engaged in liiarine 
alTairs that it is almost irii]iossible to meet Avith rni old 
sailor or sea ca}>tain ; I can hardly ]t/call i m such, avIio 
lias followed the sea steadily. Accidents and disasters 
at sea, and fevers cont)actiMl ju Southfrn })oris are the 
occasion of this. 

DIFI'U I'LIV Of ')jiTAINiN(; UilS'iOilli At. INFOinLVTION OF OCEAN 

COUNi V. 

J*ro])abjv iio county in the State presmts greater 
obstacles in the way of r'.jierting historical intorniidion 
tliaii dot s ()et'an (•ouiif\-. for Chr foUo-Ain^- reasons : 

< )iir an.'-i<mt local record^ are at Fre(di')ld, Afon- 



AXCJKXT M.Vl'S AND CHAKTS. 



1-JO 



moutli county (43 mil<'s from Ji.inieg;it) «:)r at Perth Aia- 
boy sonu' iSO or Oil miles distant: the ilist.-uu-e of tlic^se 
places, the (-xpeiisive tr.-neliiiL; ;ui<l other exptvnsfs, pro- 
sent one Jiftieulty. 

Public liibrarid's at New York. Newark, Trenton ami 
other ])hu-es so distant ami ineouveiiient. 

The county of Ocean beiiie oru' of the largest in 
territor^' in the State, is due of the most dit'tieult to 
travel, through wnnt of p\;blic (•onve^■;lnees, luavv rcjads, 
Arc, ren(h'riug it inconveinent to trav(d tor loeal ti'adi- 
tion, I'jc. 

Probabh fewei' old persons, natives of the couiitv, 
reside iu Ocean in jtroportion To tbe })opulaf!oti than in 
any otlier roniity in the State. This is owirig to the ex- 
tensive emigration twenty-live to lifty years ago of natives 
of the county ti> Western Stjites ; and to the fact that ^o 
many of oui' citizc-ns are and have Ikm'Ii engaged in the 
coasting trad(\ whieli so shortens life that it is almost 
imjjossible lo timl an old sailor. 

(]\rany of the families ]'emo\ing West lup.e carried 
family records, fandly history. Ac, with them. > 

IIKLICIOI'S SOCrr.TlKS in OCE.VX COL'NTY. 

The early settlers of Ocean county were chiefly 
Baptists, Quakers, and I'l'esbyterians, or Corgregational- 
ists. Pefoi-e any Jiouses of Avo]'shi]» wei-e built in the 
county traveling ]ireaehers of various denominarions 
would hold foith at ]>rivate houses, as we liii'l from the 
journals of some of these ju'eachers and fi'(^m other 
sources. 

I'rom th(^ bc>st information now to be obtained it ap- 
])ea.rs that the /■.'V.s/ Inmse of worship eret-t<'d in iht^ 
county was the eliuich known as the Jiajitist (Tiurch at 
]\Iannaha.\vkin. Tlie deeil fo]- the land upon which this 
cliurch is situated is dated August "Jltli, 17')S, and from 
the deed it, ajipears that the ehuri'h was then already 
built. 

The second church built in the t-ounty Wiis |U'obably 
theiild "Potter Cliurch'" at (ioodluck, nrcA known as a 
]\[et hodist churcdi. This chur'-li was built b\- 'I'hoiiias 



iil r-'l-' II ',1- 



/•."/ rt ■ /:/.i •<:. 'I 



l:]0 



insTOUY or Mc'NMOUTM AN1> OCEX'S COl'XTIES. 



Potter, origiually as :\ free rliurcli, l)ut >ul)se([ueiitlv 
given by liini to the Uuiversalists ^vitli the pri^'ilege to 
other societies to liold uice rings in it. 

(The history of tins chureli, so reniarkalile. is 
given; thougli prol»aV)ly familiar to mauv, it shouhl 
occnpy a ])romiufut phace in the history of Ocean conntv. 
The exact year v>-lH'n it \vas Lnilt is not known, but it 
m'obablv was from ITi)'^ to 17( '»•"). i 

J. * 

The (^^laker chureli at Barnegat conies next. The 
deed for this church is dat(nl June lltli. 1770, and bv it 
it appears that this diurcli was also built when the deed 
was made. 

Though these were the first houses of worship built 
in the county, yet there A\as a religious societv at Ware- 
town as early as 174tj : of what denomination is n(jw un- 
certain. A place of wovshi}> at Waretowu. it is said, was 
standing al)0ut a century ago — probably used as a free 
church. 

Though nearly a century ago we iind as yet but four 
churches ;ilong shore, yet this speaks well for the peofde 
as we find that there were less than a thousand people, 
men, women, and children, to attend them. 

(Thomas Potter tells Pev. Murray, 1770, that there 
were 700 within twenty miles, i Probaldy he meant from 
Toms Piver to !^^an.nahawkill where these churches were. 




,i , .1 A' 



,.. t 



■n l<- ■■:■ ti'it -li.i'i 



THE liEVOLTTrONAlIY WAE. 

THE ]IE\OLX:TI()XAr.Y WAR. 



i;5l 



soi,dij:!;s' or the hevolutiox. 

As, (huiiju' the IteA-olutioii. Ocean County was a part 
of Monm>^ur]i, tlu' ])arvi(>ts a\ ho served in tlio army i'l^tni 
the present rouniy oi ( )i^'an A\ere enroUeJ anions (,)thci'.s 
of the ohl eouniy. 

The folh>\vinL;- is ii list of oiHcers and jirivatps of Ohl 
Mop.niouth, as statt'd in (n-nv.i'al Stryicer's llepcvrts of 
Ottleeis ant] MvHi of tlu' llevohitiini : 

OFriCEUs. Thi'nnas Seaorooh, 3Jilitia 

DAVID FOiniAX. J^ni-a- • ■^^■'•^ St.de Troops. 

dier Cienrrah Jevsty Mi- 3[AJOEs. 

liti'i- ' J.dui Cook, 2d Tve-d, killed 

COLONELS. ,it X,,!^,^ Ia^er. :\rare]i 

David Br.arhn, "id Kr-"t. 24, .17.^2. 

^ionmoatu. Dennis Dvuist-, '^d IU^j:, i- 

Samuel lU M-se. ^''■d llt-u't, Thomas Huiin. 1st Ih'u" t. 

^Monnnnitii. Jaiaes H. Inday. 

Jol'.n ('(.iV -Lhovi^n. Wiili.un MolitL;omev^^ 2d 

Samu-l T-.riiian. 2d lh--d, 11 -d. 

Monmouth. ' James :\l.,th 2d ro/t. -'' 

Daniel Hmdrieksom -Id Hendrh-k A'an Jirujd, 'M 

Ji('!_; t, -SLoniaouth. ' vei;'l. 

Asher iloimcs. 1st lh'-"t, Elislia "\\';dtou. 1st lie^^^d. 

3[oumouth, and 8t;de Jjimes "Whith-vk, 1st Tie-'t. 

troo[!S. 
■Elisha. LawiejicL (aiid 

()uai'termaster. ' 



David Khea. Jr.. 1st H<'ii"t. 



AJ'.IUTAXTS. 

An- lerson Kennethd st reu: t, 

X- . 1 . T ^ 1 i> Monmontli. 

JSatnanxd ."^eauu^r, 1st L-,t'u'. ,< ,,, ,. . , ^ ' l 

Monmouth. Kiihai Octo- >- ,i, 

bev 15, ITsl. 
Jolm SnuK-k. Isi 11, uiment. 

Moniaouih. oi-aute!;3IAsteus. 

Ge<r,..v, T.tvlor, (h caelied 1^^<-^i.lv(L Hartsh(n'ne, 1st 

Milithi.- ' ^«p^'^- 

! David llhea. 

LTE'TENAXT COLoNi.LS, T 1 ,, s: + ;iL 11 1 .4^ 1> . -f 

„,, n • -1 '''iln' otlllN.i'li, 1st ile^ t. 

inodias lj.ci!'U-r^on, iii t ol. 



]''onaa!i's hati 



]'AY.MA.-rE]:> 



Jo.w'jJi S;dtt-r, 2d Ih'-imeiiL Y''^'-}' Covrrdeiven. 
]»h.amout;i. ' David E-.iajiaii. 



J:Llislia J jaw -vnc 
]\[.)iiiiioiuli. 



iic'j;!. .-CJ:e;Eo.\s. 

Thomas iJarl^cr. 1st IJc^t. 



CAI'TAIXS. 



]o2 IJTMT()J;Y OF 3iqNM0LTn AND OCEAX COUNTIES. 

.Tacol) Huin^.-iva. 1st llo-'t. Tlioiuas Little, Od Eeg-t. 
Jdlni SruiliL'i', surL;TM)]i"s Auvon Loiiu'streot, Lit^ut., 

luato, .1st ll<-g"t. i Moiimoutli, and C'ajitaiii 

: iu Miaaiesox ]{t-"t. 
i Richard 3IrKiiiglit. 
.John Peairs. 

David Andorsoii. Tol)ias Polheinns, 1st Vivj^t. 

George Aiulorsou. Xatlianiol Pollifians. 

David Baiid. 1st Pv\i;-"t. J<)soi)li F. P;iud.-}pli. 

Joshua Pouiiott. Pt^ul)eu P. iiaaduiph. 

jji'OMOv. i William Pioihsmu. I;iij;ht 

Andrcsv Brown. Hor^e. 

.Tanifs Lruovo. ^d Jlor(i. Pohort Phoa, 1st Pr-ir"t. 

•Tohii Biu-ic.-dow. AViiliani Scham-k, 1st J{<'L;'"t. 

JoliR Barrows, ist li-,i^"t. Moses SjiP])V)ard. 1st P.'u't. 

John Burrovrs. Jr., 1st Pei:"r. Xatlia.n Shcppard. State 

Samnel Cai'liart, 1st Ivou't. troops. 

Thomas CliadAirh.ild Peo-t Bariios ^Sm<H•h. 1st }^■^■'t. ^- 

John Colatou. Bai'nes Sniot-k, Jr.. Lii;ht 

J()hn Coni'ver, INIilithi and Hoi'se. 

Slide tr')Ops. Hendrick Smoek. 3Pinute 

Joseph C()\v])ei tliANaite, 1st man and Isi; l'i':^i2:'t. 

Peg't. .l(jse[>]i Stil]v."t'l). Cnmiiiand- 

Jac-ol) (.'ovenhoven. Pigld iw^ Gnanl. S;indy Hook. 
■ Horse, A- c. i a]id in J >ida(,-iifd ^filitia. 

Beujandn Dennis, ' ALicir-udSw ei'i:man.lstPeu"t 

John. l_')e'nnis, "iil Pogt. Swci'tmau, ."Id Pcu't. 

Samtn 1 Dennis, 1st Peu"i. Xiohclas A'an Brnnt, -U] 
John Di!\viii<\ lid pc-"t. Peg r. 

Steplien Fleming. .■Jit lleg't. John \'un Cleuf. 
.JoiLalhaii Porman.T^t Peg't. Vmlli.-un 's'an ( 'leaf.lr^t P.eg't 
Da.vitl C-rordon. 1st Peu't. Benjamin \':in Cleve lor 

Guisoert CaisPertsen, iM Cleaf,) 1st Peu-"t. 

Peg'... ■\Villiam Van Cieve, 1st 

Kenneth Hankinson, 1st Peu't. 

lieg t. , Joseph A andike. 

John Henderson. C(.>rnelins A'an Plater. 

Daniel Hendriekson. Ligiit Tlionnis \\'a(hlell. 

Horse. . Th<nnas AVauiriglit. 

Joshua Hinldy, Arti]lei>\ : Pouis Wailiii--. 

hung 1«\- Tories, A|wii Thom.is Availing, 1st Peg"t. 

P2, 17''v_', J'.hn Walton, Light Dra- 

Da\iil l]ida\, (.'ol. HiJuies" eo'Aiis, 

^ P<'L^;t., Ae! Peter Wyrk.nV. 2d Peet. 

Lplira.im .l(i;l:ins. Ja.nUv-s Deidse, (.'a])ta!r,. 

Cliristo^.lier Liitl(\ ! Lieut( want. Light j>)a- 

TJicophilus Jiittle. ; goons. 



■I 



TFIK liEVOLT'TIOXARY WAl^. 



1 •->"■> 



I.TEUTEXAXiS. 

Thomas AnJorson. 
Barnes Beimett. 
Joliu r>]al-'\ 1st IJouiiiK^nt. 
John JJrir.lt'v. Vol. Fois 

man's l)attali»)n. 
E]ihraim J>nc-k. 
Ji)l) ('i)m]U('ii. 
Ihililt" C'oncver. 
Georu- Cook. 
Thomas Cook. Ci'l. F^]- 

man"s battalitui. 
lial]ih (/<jveiih'ivri:. 
llulif CoWllliriVOli. 
James Cox, 1st lli'i;'., aud 

State tn )(.}!-. 
John Pavi.^, {'apt. (';irli,ni"s 

Company. 
Moses l^ivis, Capt. Tianldn- 

son's Company. 
Ezekiel Emliy. 
Jaeoh llemin-j;. 
Samuel P. I'orm.-iu, 
Epliraim Foster. 
Da via Hav. 
Davitl Hendrieks( )n. 
Al>raliam Lane. 
Gilbert Fongstr( et, e<ipt. 

"Wyekotr's co. 
Clias. ]\rcC<)\ . ea}>t. 15^-no]e\s 

CO. 

Aliraham Osl >orn. 

John <^nay. 

Antl'ony lu*rkless, sapp.ers 

and minejs. rout"! arm v. 
David ElK^a. li-lit hor:.^; 
I'^zekial SaA'rc 
Samnel Srxton. 
Henry STiiork. 
}l-'nry Sti-ylcfi. cainain 

Sm"ci-:'s liijilit dra'j;oo]is. 

J(;s]lUa Stlin>:>!!, CJll.t. Ji 11- 

kins" fo.,kilbMl !).':■. 17S(). 
Jacolt TiMi Fvc]<, cajil. v' 1 1- 

Inirts CO. 
Hc'idrick A'an ]^)runt, Jr.. •v.1 

voil'i. 



Hendrick Yanderveer. 
James AVall. capt. Smock's 

liu,ld drau'oons. 
Joim Wliiilork, 1st reg-'t, 

killed Fcl). I'k 1777. 

rrr.sT Liinrr.XAXTs. 

Jeremiah Cha.dwick, capt. 

Clntdw icl-;'s .o., 'Ad w -j^ t. 
Joim Ci'aiu-, ra])t. Flisha 

\\ a.ltoii s v( ). 
Auice IJcndrickson, capt. 

AVykolt's (•(,. 
Ciari-et H^Midrii-k^on. .-ajn. 

^Vni. S(di'>nc]v s co. 
Isaac- I'lilay. 
IjaAvrtMiCi-' Ta.ylor. 
JacoltTicc, ca[,)r. Hunt.; and 

John Srlieiu-ks co s. 
John "\\"alton, capt. Hankin- 

scjn s CO. 

SFa •( >\r> LlF.r TF.XAX IS. 

Peter Con noy. 

J osepl 1 (/os^reve. 

PiMij.a'ii Covenlioven, ca]>r. * 

Hendrick Smocks co. 
Jo];)i Courad, capt. A\ }'ck- 

otr's co. 
Thoma:, Fd^val■ds. 
David Formaii. ca])t. Elislia 

Walton r^ CO. 

Jonatlian IFdmcs, capt. 
PiUrrov.'es' co. 

James ^Va.l!, AV;n. Sclienck's 

C'l. 

EXST> IXS. 
John Puikalew. 
James Crai-:;. cap>t. AValton s 

liiilit draL'OOiis. 
y.athaid.J Davids';)n, capt. 

Wvckolf's CO. 

Alon'i^ D.'Hajt,.-apt. Cliad- 

\vu-\: s CO. 
Jolu) ji.rricksoii, 1st reg \. 
AVilliam Hdlv.r. 
John ]lutr!i; rapt. AVyck- 

(^tV's CO. 



Vl 



:i ■ < 



134 IITSTOllY OF MONMOUTH AND OCJvVN CO(.'\TIF.S. 

Ezekiel Tiiilay, ea]>t. H;ni- j James Her])ort, capt. ITan- 

kiiisou's CO. I kiii.s()u"s en. 

Williaiii JinlriV. .lolni Tfoll', capl. Saiiiuei 

LainlxM'f .Tdlmsoii. capt. i l>('in)is' co. 

]>ai'iios Smock's c-o. ; Kobort James, capt. A\'a(l- 

Mattliias Jnhiisoi!. oaiJ. delTs co. 

Carliait's Co. i Petev -lolnison, rapt. Wal- 

J?sso ^[ais];, caj»t. Jc'iilcrL ton's li^lit liovse. 

liaiuLJpii's CO. Iiicliard Laink ca]/t. A^'al- 

Joliii Moi'iis, (■a]>t. Walton's i ic^iTs li'j,lii iioise. 

state trooj)s. \ Pavid liaudtMi, capt. Hml- 

eJoliu (1. St-lu'iick, ca],'t. ; (l_v"s artillcrv. 

Hunn's CO. I Samuel J.A'oiiaVd. capt. A^ ail- 

P-^'ttH' \ aialcr]io(>f, <-a])t. ; dell's co. 

Samael I'arltait's co. • "Wni. Llovd, capi. Baiid's co. 

ijnh \\'alt('ii. capt. Haulciit- ] Alcxamlpi I^ow. 

sou's CO. I , fames Xcwell. 

Epliraiiii Vriiitk'ck, R(\M-(rs I iiicdrd l-'ittiiiger, ca[!t. WaJ- 

brijiadc. ! tons c(k 

Jonatliaii Fijrjiiai). coKuiet, Jolni Keid^, capt. liiiiikiu- 

ca})t. A\ a.ltoMs cii. soli's c(». 

siatOK V.XTS. i •Toll]} Jdiea, capt. ^^'alt'.)ll s 

Jacob Alleu. eapt. Car- ' ircM)]). . ^ ^ 

hart's CO. i Jolui JJnsseik capk Walton's 

Tunis Anmock, ca.pt. ]]ar]ies I troop. 

Smock's CO. \ EHsha S]ie])pard. •• p t. 

Jolm j'jrine, Lieut. Jacol) ; Hunn's co. 

Tice's <-o. '. Heiu'v Strieker, capt. ^A'ai- 

JoliuCl;asev. <-apt. AValton s ■ tor,s troop.^ 

light dra.uooiis. i D'^rrick Sutipiieji, ca])Lains 

Gea Collins, capt. JJrnere's '. ^ '^'^'•"^'^^."'l •^■"^ Smock. 

eo, i.Sani'l T])rockmi')]ton. ca]). 

Joseph Combs, capt. '^Val- ' W add* il's tw. 

ton's liuht ]i()r,-i'. i Hen<lric]-: A anderbeit, capt. 

^ Lewis Covevjliovcn. liw]u ! Samuel J)rMinis' co. 

liorse. ! 'I'uuis A'andci'vi-cr, ca.ptain 

Tkeodorus Covenhov.Mi, Parjics Sun-ck's i-o. 

caj)t. Ifankinson's co Cnvt \:\n Koyor, ca}>taiii 

David Cvai--. '-apt. Walton'^ i Hunn's co. 

!i<.Tit lun'se. : Wm.A\'ail<tii, ca])t. Bruerc's 

John Linejis (]{!mmoL.s?i <"'•• 

capt. ILiun'.. c. Joliii '^'^l\<<:. 

Tennis l-'orman. : Ab.aha in \\'<;llcv, capt. Wal- 

AVilliam i'orm.an. caj.t. lian- ^-"" -^ iro m.. 

kinsi»j;s CO. ; roKi'OHAJ.s. 

A\'ii]iam Ciradiii, capt. Wadt- ; -josc])li ])o\', nc, ca])l. Wad- 



dells CO. 



(I(nl S CO 



!• i. 



-li. // 



' '»i.,[ 



/Ifi. H !.(, 



THE ItEVOLUTIONAIlY AVAi:. 



1:5; 



Henry Frf;is<\ cai^t.iiii Dauicl Apple <4ate, 3[:itr( 

Broure's co. 
AVilliaui Hankiiisoi!, caipt. 

Haiikinson.s ("\ 
ixQiK ?s[(iu]it, cap:. Jh'ucio's 

CO. 

])niiis ^lori'is, capt. C'ar- 

liart s ci>. 
Samiiol ()sl)();ic, f;i|)l-. \Va,l- 

(Icirs vo. 
Derrick Sij^plirn 1 Su'phei). 1 

capt. Hull] IS en. 
-Idljii 'riiroi'kiiiortdi:, capt. John Ai'v.iii, cap!. Walton s 

AA'addclks CO. troo|), I'lLrlit dragooiis, 

Heiu-y \'ui!cl;. ' Mouaiouth. 

AVm. Wickitfi', capt. A\"a!l- ; lioliorl- Asliton, cajit. Wal- 

j ton's troop, li_o;lit o.ra- 
o()oiis. ^-iouvnoiith. 



capt. Hmlilvs co., ai'tilv, 

state trooiis. also cont 1 

army. 
•Tolitj Ai)]ilci;-att\ 
liol)(.rt A])plc^•ate. cai'tain 

Haiikinsoii s co., 1st vi'i.^"t. 

Moiinioutli. 
AA'illiam .\])p](\i;at<\ 
•Taui''s Arwin, capt. V.'.al- 

toiis tr<)oii, liulit (Ira- 



'v r 



00ns. 3j.i mijioutli. 



devil's CO. 

MUSK'LVXS. 

Jas. Kil]iatrick, dirniiiiui-r, 

"id reg't aiid coiit'l aviii',". 
Sannnd Srnirli. diToaim-r. 

ca])t. Carhari's co. 
Aaron Forviia)), diTiniiacr, 

capt. ^.A ;l;ldcirs co. 
Ji)sliaa Soil, vail i Sullivan, 1 

iifei-, capt. A\'add(drs co. 
Piokiert Dunn, huuli^r. ca])r 

VraltonV. CO. 



•Tacol) Atlcn. 

.ino. Aranock, Jratross. c;ipt. 

lK:iVuos Snjoclcsco. avt'y, 

jJojiinoutli. 
Jolin A unlock. 
AViUi.an Aunio.-k. 
Uicdiar'.l A'.'rcs. 
•Touarlian Ijailov. 
Ohadialj Daird.^ 
Jol.n ]?alcy .or]5aily.i ±\ 

i3;^"'t, Zvlonnioui:ii : also 

contiiu-ntal arm v. 



la;iVATi:s. 

AVilliam Aikcrs, also ^-ont"! David Dukclow. 

armv. 'lames liatos. 

David"Ai^.cn. ^^dllial!l J-.r-ck. dd n\u-'t. 

John Allen, also contdarmv -^'"'i Bc'dlo. 



Jndali Allen. 

NatlniJi .\de]i. 

David Ame-''. al^-o conti- 
nent;d ;a in v. 

Elijali A Mder.->o;i. 

Jolin A.nd(r.-.on. 

John A}idevs')n. ca]tt. Wad- 
dell's CO., l:-,t l-e-'t, Moii- 

jiniulli. 
■j.unis Anderson, ca'p:. ^)al!l- 

nel l)ennis" co.. Isi it u't. 

^lonm-nrdi. 
AA illiani .'Vial-rson. 



'Lliomas Deedlo, 1st re^;' t. 

3ionmorLtij. 
iJicdiard r>'/nii,ani. 
J-M'.vard J 'ennett. 
•Jacob ijen.nett. 
■fi'Vi mia.li j'ennett. "id i. !^'"i, 

A< onnioutii ; also, c. 11! 1 

:w:i{\'. 
Joim Jjennott, Lieut. Darn-.-s 

Smock's trfM)]), iiu-jil di-;'- 

<.,')oiis. Alcmnioiitli. 
A\';dter J M-rdine. lien t. 'rice's 

CO., l.-^t reu; 1, i\!onn,ionlli. 



13G HIST(»1;Y of MONArOUTH ANT) OCJ^AX COUNTIES. 



Henry Berry. 

John J'orry. 

James 1V\\\\. 

AA'illiain ]3ir(l. 

^Valter JMidiiu', rn])t. Car- 

liart's CO., 1st le^'t, M(«]i- 

inouth. 
Samuel lM)L;art. 
Dedfonl BolioiiLousc. 
Cojemaji I'omai!. 
Jesse ]>or(l(Mi. 
Joliii ])Oi'deii. 
AVilliam 15'nvlt'ii. 
AVan. jM)st\vuk. v.xyt. ^\'vA- 

(lell's CO., 1st reL;"t, jloii- 

montli. 
Joliii J;anls(M-, also cirntl 

army. 
John Jjowers. 
Jolm l>oM 111;;'], capt. Hii;iir>> 

CO., 1st rco-"t. jionniouih. 
Davi'l How ne. 
Eiias L'o\vr>e. 
Joseiili jjowne. 
Peter l5oA\]ie. caiit. U ad- 

(lelVs CO.. 1st reu't, Mon- 

montli. 
8;unTiel liovnie. 
Jolin iJraiKl. 
Isaac Draisunl, ca]»t. \^ ai- 

ton's '.rf.oj), ii^lit i,lra- 

U'()ons. j[o]n]ioii.tli. 
Joliu J>reai-l"y, -:\1 rep'imeiit, 

?.Loitmoutli. 
JoJuj ih'i'cse. also cont 1 

army. 
Jaco!» I'l'over. 
Jolm ]'i•c^v'■r. c;i;)t. P ii'iiTs 

CO., Jst v."/t. rJi i]iii)()iit h. 
( lcor'j;c !.'riiiliy. 
Jacon I'linicy, v-a])t Wal- 
ton's li'oo],, liuiit (|)-a- 

ij,o( (lis, Aloiiii'c tr.tli. 
William nrin! -x'. 
Al)]-a}ia!a JJrilfon, c.qit. .Ja- 

col) 'lice's CO., Kt J'ci;'t, 

31onnioutJi. 



Israel Oritton, cajtf. "Wad- 
dell's CO.. 1st re|u"t, -Mou- 

mouth. 
Alisaloiu Droderick. 
A\ ni Jjrodcrick, ;dso cout'l 

.army. 
Joiiatlian Brooks. ca]!tain 

HanIsill~^o)^s CO., Isr reu,- 1. 

^1 onmontli. 
.Vbralia.m Bacwcr. 
I^avid Brown, capt. Bru'-re's 

c(^., rvLoninoutli. 
Jolni ]5r(^\v]i. 

Saiiiuid r.r"\vii, cai)t. Wal- 
ton's, tr'>M|i, liL;ji.t dra- 

jj,'oi )3is, Ai oiiinom h. 
Williaja llrowji. caj)t. A\'al- 

ton's trooj), 1i'j,-lit d_ra- 

!_;'oon-, Al< 'UmoiTtli. 
Jolm Jiruer, ca])t. Hnnns 

CO.. 1st rcu't, Alonmonii). 
AVilli;mi Jk'vant ; also con- 

tmenlal arnn'. 
Samuel B-acivadt-As , caiit. 

Wadttiu's troo]!, ii ■.; \\ t 

dra^j,'! !'• .'II •-. All annour]). 
I'aniorti B>imtiri;j.-, 1st rt'_';"v. 

AJonmoutli; also contl 

army, 
•losepli jjurd: als(j cont"! 

a^niy. 
Bicliard Bui'd; also couti 

army. 
Wiiliaai Ijurden. cajit. A\'al- 

ton's tri )!)]). liulit dra- 

u'o( )n>. Ajonjuoutli. 
Samuel Burk. 
•]o-^i p]i. ('aiiiliiirn. captain 

Beuoen Bando!]ili"s .-o.. 

AJonmoutli. 
J<.ini CaUip^cH, capt. A\'ad- 

d-cil's CO.. 1st rc,!i;"t, A!on- 

jnoiitL. 
'I'liiUiias ( 'ai'iial't. 
KolxTt Carhai't. 
rri-'di ( "arl, lieu.f. J. Tice's 

CO., 1st reg't, Alonmoutli. 



hilt) ii-iU .! 



THE KEVOLUTIOXAIU' V.'A];. 



137 



Adrian C:iilt\ 
^-'•Franeis C'.M'ltoii. 

J):iiii(''l ( 'arnian. 

]i!lijali Carman. 

Xathani*4 Carman. 

Elionczor Ca.rr, (.-aiit, "Wal- 
ton's troojt, liu'lit Jra.- 
f>oons, Minininatli. 

Adrian C'arroll, Lst roy,"t, 
Monmontli: also conti- 
nental army. 

"\A m. Case, 3Iatross, ca})t. 
HuddyV; co. 

John Cav;ra;i, ;dso Co'iti- 
uental arniv. 

Thomas Chatt'.'v. 

Aaroii Cliamocrlaiu. 

Henry Chamltrrlain. 

Thomas (iiamhci-lain, ca]*!. 
Iiouhen lla!!d<*]['irs c-o., 
Monmontli. 
I James Chambers, also CN)n- 
\ tinental army. 

; John ChaiJi1)('rs, c-;;]!i. ^\'al- 
I toll's troiip, li^ht dra- 

,U'oons, M. )iinit.utii. 

Ivohcrt ChamMi'r<, r;!i)lain 
]])-U'M'<''s Til., r\]oiinioutli. 

A\'iiliain Cliaijd>rrs. 

William Clicfscman. 

John ('hildcrhiaist', ;ils() 
Conlinc nial army. 

.Alexander Clarlc, captain 
Ilunns CO.. 1st rcn't., 
Monmontli : killcil ar^Iid- 
dlctoAN n, I'cl.. l.'iili, 1777. 

Alexaudrr Cda^l^. lien V J. 
Tiee's CO.. 1st rei;"t, Mon- 
month. 

William C];!ri', ca]it. hJrn- 
erc s ('.)., A[' )'ii!n aiih. 

Asher Clayt^.n, i-:i]u. W^al- 
ton's troiij). li^'ht dra- 
^•oons. 

Cornt'lius Cove!iho\cii iV). 
cajit. Carha'-t's ro., 1st 
reu't. 



Xicholas Clark. 

Cornelins Cr«Vf nhoven (2), 

ca])t. Carhart's co., 1st 

re<;-'t. ■ 
Cornelius CovMdiove]!, cap- 
tain Ha.idciiison's co., 1st 

r.y-'t. 
David C'oveidiovtMi. 
Crane: Cov(>]dioven, capt. 

Carhart's c(~).. 1st r(\u-'t. 
Isaac- C<jvenhoven, ca^itai]] 

Hankinson'sco., 1st rei^'t. 
Jacol) Covenhoven. captain 

Hnnn's c-o.. 1st re^'t. 
Job Covenhoven, ca})t. Han- 

kinson's co., 1st rei;t. 
John C*o\enhoven, captain 

Hnnn's co., Is} re^-t. 
.John Covenhovf'n, cap<tain 

A^'alton's troop, liuht 

dra.u;oons, lient. Smoc-k's 

troo]\ light dragoons. 
Josejdi C( 'vc uhoven. 
Malthia^' C* i\'cnho\'cn, c-apt. 

Sannnd l)<>;inis" co., 1st 

r(^g't. 
lUilitt Co\enhoven, captain 

Walton's tro( >i\ light ilra- 

goons, capt. Ilankinson'.-^ 

CO., lst I'egt. 
Thcoch i.->ins C o ve n ho VtMi. 

ca.p.t.A\'alton"s ti'oop, light 

dragoons. 
AVilliam Covenhoven, lient. 

hiarncs Smock's troo}), 

light dr;:g( >ons. 
\Adlliam I'ovcidioven, capt. 

Hankinson's co., Istreg't. 
Adrla]! Covert, ca])t. ( 'ai.r- 

hart s CO., 1st rcg't. 
])cn. Covert, cai)t. Walton's 

troi)j), light dragoons. 
Will. CoNcrt, capt. Hunns 

CO., 1st rcg't. 
Will. Covc-rt, !Matross, ca]it. 

])ar:i'>s Smock's c-o., ar- 

tillc^rv. 



-l.ll. 



-III--. ) 



138 IJIST0];Y of M':'X310LTF and ocean COrNTIER. 

Buiiyau ('overt. Xichdla^ Cottreli. 

Joseph C'ow.u'il, also, Coii- William Cottreli. 

tiiiLTital :uu!y. Allx.'i't Coveiilioveu. 

Sjimurl Coward. ljonja'.iiin( "riVonlioveii.caMt. 
""^ A.slior Cox. ■ Huii]j"s CO.. 1st rfg"t, clis- 

•Jv^ilJi Comptoil, Ist ■■■■;;''t, cliar;;'«HL 

also Coiitiuoutaj ariuy. Asher ('layloii, oajit. A\'al- 
.losej)li Coiin)ton. tou's tvoop, lii;lit dra- 

Levii^ Comptoil, capt. Eli- <_>;ooiis. 

sjia A\alto;i's (-o., 1st J-Uijah Cl;iyton. 

reg't. .Toim Clayron. capt. Wal- 
Thoaias L'oiicr, i-a]it. C.o'- tou's tvoop, light -Ira- 

li.'trts CO., 1st leg t. goous. 

Heiulrick Conk. .iouathaii Clayton. ca])taiii 
John Conic. AValtou's troop, light tUa- 

Johij ('oi'.uelly. Ist reg t, goons. 

also Cciiitiueiifal army. Jonathan Clayoni, caj^tain 
^la'.thcw v'onuet. ca]it. llan- AN'adilcij's co.. 1st ri'gt. 

kins(";n"s co., ]st ]-cg"t. lose-ph < 'layton. 

Eiias L'oiu)vcr( J. i capt. W'ail- John Cl;iv:ou. 

dell's CO , 1st rog't. Jiohert Clayton, ca,i)t. AV;d- 
Eiias Corovsr I'J.^ captain ton's troi.p, light di'a- 

AVaUdeil's co.. 1st reg't. goons. 

J.)i!n \. Conover. Zelndon Clayton. 

A\'illiam C^)no\■cr. captain ticurgc ( 'linron, capt. A\'al- 

AVadvhdl's CO., 1st rcg't. ton's troop, liglit dra- 

Ije\ i (. '( mj'o. u'( n Ills. 



Thomas CouvcN'. ' Jacob Corad. capl. Walt- 



■ n 



George Cook. capt. \\'ad- troo]), li^lit drago(.ns, 

(hdl's c(^.. Jst it'^'t. c.-rpt. jEuikinson's v-o., 1st 

Cieorg.' Cook, captain iiaii- I'cg'l. 

kius(iii"s cv)., 1st rfi;''t. David C(.)ok, capt. A\'altou's 

George Cook, caiitain Jlan- tro lu, liidit dragoons. 

kinscai\s CO., Isi rig't. AViliiam ('->!(•, .1st rcg't: 

Peter Cook. ca])laiu .[oim died .Mardj l.'>th, itlS, 

Schciicks CO.. l>t reg't. while ]/risouer. 
Thomas Coo!;. ; John Collins. ca])t. Samuei 

AVilliam C.-ok. Dennis' c.k, 1st i^^g't. 

James \\ . Coor.cv, captain -laiiies (M.an. 

Samuel J)e'inis* co., 1st lames C(l\ in. capt. 1>lu -re's 

reg't. ^^ CO. 

Joseph Coiur it, capt. Han- Isaac Comos. 

kii!soii's CO.. 1,^1 reu-'t. John ('ond>s. ca])t. AVad- 

])a>id Coslid;. ' deli's -o.. 1st ivg't. 

liJ.eazer CoUo 11, Jos,.|di Cond>s. capt. '\'al- 

Thos. Coltrel!, deal. Jacoh toil's troop, li.Liiit dra- 

llce r, CO. 1st rei> t. iioollS. 



(. ) 



'...// 



THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 



139 



Eobert Coraiinns, t.-ipt. Wal- 
ton's tivjop, ]iglit ara- 

goons. 
George Coin])to)i, 1st rog't 

also State troo];s. also 

Coutiiieiital aniiy. 
Jaeol) Comptnii. 
.Tames Compton, cai)t. Bra- 

ere's co. 
James Complou, 1st reg't, 

also State troops, also 

Conii]ii:'iital army. 
Jolj C'o]iiptoil. 
John Com])ton, ('a})t. Bra- 

ero's CO. 
James C\>x. 
Joliu Craig, capt. "Walton's 

troops, light dragoons. 
John Craig, ea[)t. AVail dell's 

CO.. 1st leg't. 
Samuel Craig. 
Seth Crane, captain Ban- 

dolph's CO. 
Silas Crane, '2d reg't, also 

Continental army. 
William Craves, 1st reg't, 

also Continental army. 
James Cra^vford, capt. Car- 

liart's co.,]st reg't. killed 

Bel). 13th, 1777. at :\[id- 

dleto'wn. 
Stephen Ci'awfi »rd. 
William G. Crawfrn-d, -^api. 

Waglun^-^ CO., 'id reg't, 

also ^Middlesex. 
William Cutl'ey i Indian), "id 

reg't, ('oUtinental army. 
James Dane, Huntc]'do]i. 
Josepii Bane. 1st le^ t, als(j 

Coatinei'.tal army. 
Jolm B'avis. 
Jose])]i Davis. 1st re^'t, 

di.Mi while pris )ner, Mch 

11, 1777. 
Jaiiics DaA'ison, cajit. Wal- 
ton's troop, ligiit dra- 

ifooiis. 



liichard Cnmmins. 

Boheri Cnmmins. 

John Davison, capt. Wal- 
ton's troo]>, light dra- 
goons. 

AVilluDii Davison. ca}>tain 
Haidcinson's co., 1st reg't. 

Matthew Dean, capt. Sam- 
ntd Dennis' cc, ist reg't. 

James Denight, also Conti- 
nental army. 

John Denight, also 'Conti- 
nental army. 

Daniel Denise, capt. Wad- 
dell's CO., 1st reg t. 

Jose]>h Dennis. 

Bhillip Dennis, capt. Bru- 
ere's co. 

John ]3ey. 

Josiah Dey. 

Cyrus Dey, capt. Hankiu- 
son's CO., 1st reg't. 

Samnel Dishrow, Middle- 
sex. 

John. D. Dishrow, infantry 
and artillery. 

David Dodge, Matross, cap- 
tain Huddy's CO., artillery 
State tro(^})s. 

Cornelius Do) en, capt. Car- 
hart's CO., 1st reg't. 

Nicholas Dorcn, capt. Car- 
hart's CO., 1st reg't. 

Benjamin Dorsett. 

John Dorset I. 

.Jose])h Dorsett, capt. Den. 
ins' CO., 1st reg't. 

Sarjiuel Dorsett. 

James Dorsett. 

Linton Doughty. 

John Driskey, ca])t. Wal- 
ton's ti'oo]j, light dra- 
goons. 

John Driskell. 

Andrew Diumn. 

Christian Drumn, '.'>d regt., 
also ( 'ontiiH-ntal armv. 



fi-l.l » ,11 . .-. 



/'I f.i' . 






I! ,r.,:.'V;<I .<! ,til >l 



140 



HISTORY OF M0N3I0UTH AND OCLAX COUNTILS. 



Miiiiasali Duiilirnii, ca})Luiu 
C'lirliavt's CO., 1st I'ej^t. 

Samuel Dunlo]), also Cou- 
tiueiital army. 

William Duviuiiey. 

Peter Eakmaii. 

John Eaton. 

James E<lsall, JMatr(jss, cap- 
tain Huikly s CO. 

John Eldridiie. 

E/okiel Embley. ca])t. Han- 
kinson's co., 1st regt. 

Jojiatliau Em ley, captain 
Walton's troop, liglit dra- 
goons. 

Josepli Emley. cayit. \\';il- 
toon's troo}>, light (La- 
goons. 

Abraluim Emmons, ca})tain 
Hunn's co., 1st regt., also 
State troops, also Con- 
tinental army. 

Amos Emmons. 

Jesse Emmons. 

John Emmons, capt. Hunns 
CO., 1st reg't. 

Ezekiel Ennuons. 

Peter lunmon's. ca])tain 
Hunn's CO., 1st regt. 

James Englisli. 

Errick Erricks( m. 

]Michael Errickson. 

Thomas Erilcksi )U. 

John Ervin. 

John Erwin, c.-ipt. \Valt;n.:"s 
troop, lii;ht dragoons. 

SLt^])hen Essick, also ( 'on- 
tmental army. 

A\ illiam Even.gew. 

John Everingham. 

Nathaniel E vp I'i n u li a le . 

Thomas Ev^niiigl' am . 

John Earr, ?>latross. ••aj>t. 
][iiddv's </o., artilii'i'v. 
State troops ; kilJr<l at 
Toms lliver, ]\[arch '24:, 
178± 



A\'illiani Eary. Continental 
army. 

George Fenton. 

Tlioraas Fenton. 

Nathaniel Ferris, capt. Wal- 
ton's troop, light dra- 
goons. 

AVilliam Ferris, c;i])t. Wal- 
ton's tioops, light dra- 
goons. 

Ahsnlom Ferroll. 

Henry Fi>her. 

James Fitzsimmons, capt. 
Walton's troop, light dra- 
goons. 

Jacol) Fleming. 

Dennis E(n'man, capt. Car- 
hart'.«. CO.. 1st. regt. 

Jonathan Fornifin, captain 
Wad.lelVs CO., 1st reld. 

Samuel Fornnm, capt.W;id- 
delVs CO.. 1st re.ut. 

Williairi Ftirman, ca}lt.^^ al- 
ton's light dragooi!-^. 

John Freeman, ca])t. \\:\\- 
ton"s ti'oop, light d]-a- 
goons. 

]^hillip Freeraan, capt. ('ai'- 
hart's CO., 1st regt. 

Hendrick ]''rieud, 1st reut. 

James Fi'isalear. 

Thomas (ravau, ca])t. ('ar- 
hart's <•<).. 1st regt. 

(iiirret liarjismi, ca])t. S;i!u- 
ucl Deuiiis" CO., 1st regt. 

] ^aniel (Taston. 

AAillium Ciastoii. 

Jose])h Ciiiierson. cupt. B. 
Dennis" co. 

John (dll, 1st regt., also 
Continental army. 

Peter (iillidHt. 1st root., al- 
so Coiitiin-ntal ;,i-my. 

Ciiarlcs (iilhiian, 1st regt. 

( '!tar]«'.-> ( liiiiiorr. 

Elcnc/ci' ( ioUahar. 

Lewis (iollahar. 



THE rtEYOLUTIONAliY WAT:. 



141 



Peter Gordon. 

James Gore, cnpt. Walton's 

troop, ]i,!j;lit dragoons. 
Daniel Grv-^enwood, also 

Continental army. 
-Tolm Ci re gory. 
Eddy Gritty, eaj't. Braere's 

CO. 

Matthew Griggs. 

Thomas Griggs, capt. Han- 
kinsou's co., Ist reg. 

George Gronies, also Con- 
tinental army. 

Benjamin Gnynrdi, als(j Con- 
tinental army. 

Dollwyn Hagamau. 

John Hau,erty. 

George Haih^v. 

David Hall, c;ipt. ].)riiort'"s 
CO., also cont 1 aimv. 

Jacob H:dl, 1st reg't, also 
Cont'i army. 

John Hall, .'•apt. Walton's 
troop, light drao'(jous. 

William Hall, 3d reg't, also 
State troops, Avonndenl at 
Middletown, .t u n e 2"2d, 
1781, also contl army. 

Josiah Halstead, od r<'g t, 
also !Stat3 troops, also 
cont'i ainiy. 

James Hampton. 

John Hamj)ti)n. 1st reg't, 
also cont'i ai-my. 

John Handrix;, i-apt. A\'a.d- 
dell's CO., 1st regt. 

Daniel Haukins. 1st reg't, 
also State troo]is. also 
cont 1 arL'iv. 

Joseph Haukins, 1st r^gt, 
also cont'i armv. 

Thomas Haukins. 

James Hankin.-on, 
^^'altou's troop, 
dragotms. 

John Hankinson, 



;a pt. 
i Li h r 



I p t. 



AVad dell's co., 1st ivis'i 



\^'illiam Haidcins. 

rit'nl)en Hankinson, capt. 
AVaddell's CO., 1st reg't. 

William Hankinson, capt. 
Walton's troop, 1 i g !i t 
dragoons. 

Samnel Han/ey. 

John Hai'ber. 

James Harbert, capt. Wal- 
ton's troop, light dra- 
goons. 

Daniel Harbert, capt. Wcd- 
ton's troop, light dra- 
goons. 

John Harbert. 

William Harconrt. 

John Harker. 

Edmond Harris, capt. Wad- 
dell's CO., 1st i-eg't. 

George Harrison. 

Job Harrison. 

Ebenezer Hart, M a t r o s a. 
capt. Barnes Smock's co.. 
artillery. 

Jesse Havens. 

Moses Havens. 

Daniel Hayes, capt. Han- 
kinson's co., 1st reg't 

John Hays. 

AVilliam Hays, capt. AVal- 
ton's troop, light horse. 

Joseph Heaviland, 1st reg't, 
also cont'i army. 

Job Heaviland. 1st reg't, 
also contl ;aniy. 

Samuel Heingey, Matross, 
capt. Barnes Smock's co., 
artillery. 

l^avid Hinderson. 

lolin Hinderson, capt. Wal- 
ton's trf)op, light dra- 
goons. 

Abraham H ^' n d r i c k son, 
(•a]»t. Hnnns cf).,lst J'cgt. 

Abram Hendrickson, ^la- 
tross, Ca})tain. Barm-s, B. 
Smock's CO., artillerx'. 



.-ll.tli// 



.) v^i 



l-i2 HISTOr.V UF MONMOUTH AND OOE.VN COL'NTIKS. 

Cornelius Hpuilrickson. Joliij Hugiiius, cjq^t. l>ru- 

Daniel Hendrickson, C;i|)t. ore's eo. 

Walton's tr(->op li,^■llt (lr;i- Mavties Hulel)art, captain 

<>i)ons. ( 'ariiart's co., 1st regt. 

Elias Hendric'kson, Captain ^lattliew Buln. 

Walton's troop liglit dra- William Hubi. 

goons. BeujainiLi HiTlsart, 1st re;j; t. 

Heudrick He n d r i i' k s o n, C« irnelius Hidsart. 

Capt. Carhart's co., 1st Cornelius H. Hulsurt, 1st 

reg't, also troop light regiTiient. 

horse. Mattln^v Hulsart, Lieut. 

John Hen(lriekson,Mati-(_)Ss Tices co., 1st reg't. 

Ca})t. liarnes Siaock's CO., \^'ii]ianl Hulsart. 

artillery. ' 'Cimothy Hulse, ca])t. Car- 

Williani Hendricks(ni. ' liart's co., 1st reg't. 

James HerUert, troop light John S. Huan. 

horse. i William Hurley. 

Thomas Heri)ert. ' Jonatlian Imlay. 

James Hibbetts, 1st reg't, lio])ert Imlav. 

died while prismier, June James Irons. 

1st, 17nO. I Jonathan Isleton, 1st reg't 

William l{iei'. also cont'l a.rmy. 

John Hight, Cap<:. \\'altoii"s Abel Ivins. also (.'ontinen- 

troo]) li^;ht dragtjoiis. tal army. 

James Hill, also State Sohunon Ivins, 1st reg't, 

tn^ops. j State troops, Ccnitinentai 

John Hill. army. 

Jonathan Hillow, a.lso Con- Hi;gh Jackson, capt. Dru- 

tinental army. ere's co. 
William Hilsey. William Ja.mcs. 
Joint Hihi^'. I Fiaucis Jetfrey. 
Simon Hilyer. ! Hum]>hrey JehVcy, ca[>t. 
John Hires, I'apt. Hunn's Wnlrnn's troop, light dra- 
co., 1st r(M:im(-ni. gijons. 
Jau'es HojigLmd, ?vl;itr(jss, ' John Jemisnn. c;ipt. ^A'al- 

ca]'t. ]>. Smock's co., ar- ton's troo}), light dra- 

tillery. | goons, also ContiiuMital 

.Anthony Holmes. i arm^'. 

John IL>liMcs. , Jjhn JcnvcU. capt. Walton s 

Stout floime^s, ] tr(jv)]), ligiit dragoons. 

Yv^iliiam Holmes. i John Jew. 11, capt. Hankiii- 

/Edward Hoplcins. , | son's co., ] st rt ^'t. 

\/''Samuel Horner, i Iiolxul Jolx-s, caijt. Wal- 

])euj. Hortoii. ' ton's tror)p, 1 i ^- h i il r a.- 

JaciJins Hub'bniil. goiijis. 

David Hubbs, 1st r^^g't.aiso David Jolinson, capt. lb 

Continental army. ; llandoiph's co. 



THE i;eyolutioxai;y wak. 



U3 



Heurv Johnson, 1st i"<\u'"t. 

John Johnson, c;'q)t. Ijurnes 
Smock's cr>., 1st rG^L^inient, 
taken ]n'isono]' LY'lM-uary 
13th, 1777 ; died w h i 1 e 
prisoner. 

Joseph Johnson, caijt. S 
Dennis' co., 1st re,u- 1. 

Peter Johnson, 1st re^' t. 

AVilJiam Jolnisou. (1) caj)t. 
Walton's troop, li.uht Ji'a- 
goons. 

William Johnson. i"2i ea])t. 
Walton's troo[>, lii2;ht dra- 
goons. 

A brail a in Johnson. 

Hendriek J ohnstou. 

John Johnston. 

Joseph Johnston. 

AVilliam Johnston. 

Henry Jones, 1st reg't, also 
State troops, also eont'l 
army. 

James -Jones, eapt. -jafol) 
Ten Eyck's co., 1st reg't. 

Jonath;ni Jones, 1st reg't. 
also Sta'e troops. ;ilso 
contl army. 

Michael •lordan, 1st reg't, 
also contl ai-m\'. 

John Kel.'^cy. 

Ebeuezar J'verr. 

Walter Kerr, also cuntin'l 
army. 

Watson. Kerr. ca})t. Wal- 
ton's troop, light dr.iu'iis. 

William Kerr. c;i[)t. Hank- 
inson's co., 1st rc^inifnt. 

Willh.m Keri'ilL 

Georg(^ Khicard. continont 1 
army. 

James Kinsley. 

Jaines Kinslry, 3Iati'os<. 
capt. H'uhh".-. ro. Hiiil- 
lery, State I'l^-wps; killeil 
at Toms Jlivor, March 
2ith, 1782. 



Joseph Knox. capt.Waltous 
troop, light drau;i)onv.. 

Rob'^rt Lainl. lienr. j^>;n'nt's 
Smoek's CO.. light drag's. 

William Laird, eapt. W al- 
ton's troo|i. light drag ns. 

John Jjake, capt. Hnnn's 

CO., 1st ]'Cg't. 

Aaron Laiie, 1st regiment, 
Avonnded July, 177S. 

Jacob Ijane. 

William Tan(\ 

William Lard. ca])t. AVad- 
dell's CO., 1st reg't. 

Daniel Lawrence. v-apt;iiu 
Waddcdi's (-..., 1st reg't. 

EichardLciird. capt. Hauk- 
iusou's CO., 1st ri'g't. 

AVilliam Leard, ca})L. H.mk- 
iiison's CO., 1st reg't. 

John Lee, 1st reg't, also 
cont'l army. 

John Leistel. 

Isaiah Tjemon. 

Thoinas Lemmon. 

AVilliam i^etpit-ar. 

Tlmnias Lidson. 

•John Let's, ist reg"t, <ilso 
ri >ut L ai'mv. 

Xeln-niiah Letts. 

liichurd T-.ovings, iK.aitenant 
Tice's CO. 

Ezekiel Lewis, Alatross, 
capt. Barnes Smoek's 
CO., artillery. 

Thomas Linsev. 

Jacob Lippincoct. capla.in 
W altoii's troo]). lii^ht dra- 
goons, also ront'l army. 

AVilliam Lippincott, t-apt. 
AVaiton's troop, light dra- 
goons. 

David Lloy.l, capt. AVad- 
di.'ll's eo.. 1st reif't, 

Thomas ] Joyd. 

Aaron Longstreet. cajaai)! 
AN'addeU's eo.. 1st rei^'t. 



14^ HISTORY OF M(:>X.>rOrTTI A.VJ") OCEAN COUNTIES. 

JohnLoii!j;stnH^t, c.-.pt.AVad- John Mc-MuUou. 

doll's CO., 1st icgt. IvMvis ^[cKiii^-lit, c.njtniii 

Stotfel Looaii. Haiikiuson's en., 1st roj^'i. 

David Lord, v:i\)t. Walton's Tli<)ni;is Midillct^)'!, (,•.: j)rain 

troo]i, l'ii;]it dr;i!L;oons. W;iltoirs troo]), lijjlit di'.a- 

Jolii! Lnif, va])t. \\ alton's i;-oons. 

troop, liglit dra^dons. Tlioiuas r\[iddletoii. 

Williarn Ijuis (or Le-\vis), Frodciick ]Mil]er, captaiu 

capt. Hankiiison's co.,]st ]3rueL'<^"s co. 

reg't. James Miteludl. ^Latmss, 

Thomas Lnkor. oapt. Hiuhlvs cd., .u'til- 

Joliu Mageo, licut. Tick's levy, Sta*:e troo})S. 

CO., 1st reg"t. (xideoii Molatt, coiit'l army. 

Andrew Mains, 1st reg't, (Vdeb ^locn-e. cont 1 army. 

wound(;d at Gernjantown, Edward Moore, capt. Sam- 

Oct. 4tli, 1777. nel Dennis" co., ist reg't. 

AVilliam Mains. .Tolm Moore. 

Andry ]\lans, capt. llnnn's Joseph ]Moore. 

CO., 1st reg't. Mattliias Moore, 1st reg't, 

James Marsh, cap't. ( 'ai-- also continental army. 

hart's CO., 1st reg'r. Thomas Moore, 1st reg't, 

William ^larti}!, continent.-d also S*:ate troo])s, aiso 

army. continental arinv. 

Joseph ]\[asou, cajit. Wal- John ^Morford, i-apit. AVal- 

ton's iroop, liglit drag"]is. ton's troop, light dra- 
Moses May. goons. 
John M(d5r:de. cont 1 army. John iMori'ord, capt. Han- 
James iMcCiiesney. ]ciusc»n's co., 1st re^'t. 
Stephen ?Jc('ormick, capt. Enoch i\[organ, 1st rog't. 

AValton's troo]), light dra- Jas. Morgan, capt. ^^'alt(m's 

goons. troo]), light dragooics. 

Cornelins Mid)ani>'l, 1st John Morris, Matross, c.-ipt. 

reg t, also cont I arm's. Hnjhlvs co. 

Benjandn iMcDonald. cont'l Robert i^.lorris, ca]it. Wad- 
army. I dell's CO., 1st reg't, also 
James iMcDat'fc^. ..\fatross, ' '■ontinc]ital armv. 

ca]it. Dames Smociv s co., , Daniel Morrison. 

artdlevv. ' ^Villiam .Morrison, cai^tain 

Dolx'rt ?u.cl>ult'ee. ■ Hankinson's i-o, 1st rcu'l. 

AVillia7n iMcDongal. Je.-ise iM(;ni:t. capt. Dair<i's 

Janies ^NLcne-^, 1st regt, co., 1st i"cg"t. 

also ca[)r. \\ ittall's aK. Moses Monnt, cajit. AA'al- 

State troops; also cont 1 ton's ti'oop. ri!j;lit vh'a- 

army. ' goons, also iiit'aidry. 

Josepli iNfcKnight. Jidm iMnlicn, '.\d rci^'r, also 

Daniel McLanghiin, cont'l Stale troo[)S, also cont'l 

army. ' armv. 



:.. I'M 



Tin: itEvoLi'TioNAin: war. 



145 



Xatliaiiifl ]\Jouiit. 



Joso}^li Parlcer. 



Josojili MuiiTiv, 8(1 i'c-<^'t, Jolm Parlcer, !Matros>, ea})t. 

killed In- Tories at ^dul- Hu.Llv s co. 

dlctowij," -Tiino Stli, 1780. :\raTk Parker. 

Christian Xak/crliii!^-. couti- .Toliii Pavrent, cr.pt, AVal- 

ueutal armv. toil's troMp, li.L;lit dra- 

•Toliu XaiK-o, eoiit 1 armv. p;oons. 

John Nestor. Piobert Parrout, capt. ]>ru- 
HngliNewelL i-a})t. Pniere's ere's co. 

CO. Jolm Parse, 1st r^u't. 

"William Newman, 1st reu-"t, Jonathan Parse, 1st re^'t, 

also State troo])s. also John Parsoiis, '2d reg't, also 

continental army. continental army. 

Jolm Xiverson, eapt. Pmr- John Patton. 

rowes" (•(.. 1st re^-"t ; Ma- Penjanii]! Paul, ('a])t. Bur- 

tross, eapt. Hndih's eo., rows" co., 1st re^^'t, eapt. 

artillery State troops ; Wikoifs eo., 2d reaft. 

Matross, raptain Parnes AVm. Paxon, ea})t. JJnie]-e"s 

Smock's CO.. ai'tilleH-y. co. 

Nathan Nivison. Samuel Pear("e, lieutenant 
Burrows Norris. i B;irnes Snioeks troop, 
John North. ! li^-ht Inu'se. 

AVilliam Ouhorn, lieutenant William Pearee, :jd rec^-'t, 

Barnes Snn)ek"s troo]'), also State troop, also con- 

light drauduns. tinental arniy. 

Piohert O.uleshie. Samuel Pease.' 

Henry O'Neal continental Samuel Peep, ea])t. Walton's 

i^^l^y. i troop, lio-ht drau(70i]s. 

John O'Neal. ' Jonathan Pe.^r. 1st re,o-"t, 

John Otson, 1st re;;- t, als(^ also tVmtincntal armv. 

State troo])?, also r-onti- Hei'm Pt-it. 

nental armv. 
Conrad Ovcj Adt. -apt-AVad- 

dell's CM., Ist re-'t. 
Henrv ( )\"ei't.'ur. 
Tinn/thy I'aue. 
Samuel Pairs. 

PhilipP;dm.-r, iM rp;i-'t, also L^-wis Pcriine, (•.ipt. M :\\- 

co7it:no]it:il armv. 
Limis ]?aij,ul)(>rn, kiljfd at 

Mauah;iwken. New .ler- 

sey, Dec. :;'», I7sl. 
Nathaniel Pa_]vd>orn. 
Klisha Pa.rk-r.'^ 
Cii^n'^e Parker, IMatross. 

eapt. llnd.;l\"s co.. a.vrii- 

lerv, State troops. 



Jonatha.n Peiree. 

S.uiiuel Peiree, eapt. Car- 

hail's eo., 1st re<j: t. 
Henry l'( rrin<'. 
Jol) Perrine. eapt. Hankin- 

son s eo., 1st rt'u't. 



ton's troop, li,L;"ht dra- 

;_;"oons. 

Silas I'erriue. eapt. Han- 

kinsi Ill's vo.. !.■>{ re^'t. 
Samu(d P"rse', <-apt. V\"al 

ton's tre.o]), li-ht dra- 

;j,'oous. 

Poh-'lt INtte, (•;M)t. Nixoil's 

troo])s, li,Ldit horse. 



!-'! 



1-lG inSTOKY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

.Taii3('S Porrine. ' Jolni Price. 

Joiiallmn Pettomoio, capt. Peter Qnaclvenhush, capt. 

Huddys (•(\. State troops. Huim"s co., 1st re^'t. 

Picliard Petteiiovr. David (,)ueen. ea];t. Wa]- 

Tosepli Pe^s-. ton's troo]t. liiilit draix'u-^. 

John Pliillips, contiuentai IXavid (^)niii. 

army. Janies Paiid()l|)]i. 

.Jofte})h P]jilii])s. ' Samuel liarjdiolpJi. 

j:>a\id Phihiielie. David Kay, capt. WaddelTs 

Abrahain Pliilwell, eapitain a^.. 1st reu't. 

Keeu"s co., State tr(M->j)s. Pobert lu'ckless, wounded 

also hoatman. at (Jedar Crt'ek,Deceml)er 

David Philwell. Mntross, -JTth. ITS'i. 

ca])t. Dames vSmorlc's CO., Aarcn Peed, c-a]it. Dankin- 

artillery. sou's cd., 1st re;.; t. 

Isaac Pidgern. capt. Drrt- .\aron ppod, capt. AValtou's 

ere's C('. tro<~»p, lii^ht draL;"oons. 

Jo]iat]);i]i Pierce, ca]>t. C:\y- Jo1> IummI (or Pcid^ capt. 

hart's CO., 1st rei;"t. Hard^in^on's fo., 1st rcLi't. 

Thomas M. Pike. ; Joloj iteed, inl'nntry, li-ht 

Samuel Pittcnj;er, ca|)raiu liorse. 

AN^rddelVs CO., 1st reg't. Hosea Roeves. 

Francis Piatt. I John lieid, Matross, capt. 

James Polliemus. | Barnes Smock's co., artil- 

Leil'ord Polhemus. lery. 

Xatliau P<jlhemus. i Jonathan Peitl, Matioss, 

Pdchai'd Poliu^v i capt. J^ai-m^-^ Smock's co., 

Samuel l^olini;. i artillery. 

John ]*ortev. James Ileynohls. 

(Jeoige Post, 1st ^'ceft. Jolm Ileynohls isuhstitnto, 

Chas. Pastens, Stat^' tro(j}is. 1st re;^'"t. 

Jacob Pasteus, State troops, liobf}rt Plica, cai^t. \\'al- 

also, v>'aL!;on master. tons troop, li^ht di'ai^-'ns. 

Charles Pastei-, capt.AVal- A\ illiaiii J liortl). cfintiiUMital 

tons troop, iiuiit dra- army. 

f;"oons. John liitdiardson. 

Pilchard Pastley, capt. Wal- ' Georu-X' Pivi^s. 

ton's tr<^op, light ilrao'ns. .]ose])h Dobbins. 

Paul Potter. ' Moses Dobbins, Matross, 

Picubcn Potter. capt. Hmldy's I'o., artib 

A\ illiam Potts, contl army. lery. State troo})S,\^"oand- 

Joh]i Preston. ed at Toms Di \ cr. ^vbandi 

Jost-ph ]*reston. 1st r<'g't, 'J-ltli, ITs-J ; c ,nt 1 army. 

also cont'l a.rmy. i AVilliam ilobbins. 

Ad.am j'i'immoi-. ^Iatth<''\v Kob^rts. caitfain 

Dicjjard I'urdy, captain : • Carharbs co., 1st rcg't, 

Jbaicre's co. j Sta1«^ ti'ooos. 



THE liEYOIA'TIONAP.Y WAI;. 1-17 

]M;ittliOAV lioherts, lieuten't ' Iiulief Seluuior, captain 

Tiee's co., 1st rou't. Huiiiis co., ]st roL-^'t ; dis- 

Tlioiuas Iiobei'ts, capt. Car- ! charged. 

hart's CO., 1st reg't. ; C]-ineyc»n(>e Scheuck. 

Edmiuid llo})iu8()ii. ' Cvrouus Scheiick, lientoii't 

Samuel Iiogers, lieut. Tice's Jaeol-) Tice"s eo.. 1st reg't. 

CO., 1st reg't. j Garret Scheuck, lieuteuaut 

James Kogers. i Barnes Smock's troop, 

I'licliard^llogers. _ : lioht dragoous. 

Pliilip Koler, 3d reg't, also Peter ScJieiick. 

State tr<)(n)s ; also, coutl A\%-n- . c i i r *^ 

i- ' \\ lUium SclieiicK, neuteu- 



ant Jacol) Tices co., 1st 
re"-"t. 



arm v 

WilliaVn Jiolls. 

William llooler. : t'; .^ +i, cj - i i ^\' i 

T- 1 -p, i i\' 11 • iimotliv Scol)^^ ca])t. \\ ad- 

.Jose])li Jiose. capL. \\ altijii s i iv,-^ t v •; 

, '■ T 1 , 1 ^ »i^il s CO., 1st reg 1, 

trooi), light horse. tic n /^x- i 

Thomas l{ost<niider, Ma- 'T<'1) Scudder. capt.A^ alton s 

tross. capt. Huddvs Co., ^''""''V, li^^^t dragoons. 

artillery. State tivurps. James Searln-ook, captain 

Henry Rue, capt. Walton's Samnel Dennis' co., 1st 

ti'oo}), liuht dragoons. tx^*"^^!' . 

Jol. ltne,ca].t. Hankinson's }2l\^r^ Sexton. 

c(x, 1st re-.-t. \N]dn-iin Sexto]i. 

Matthe^v Hue, cai.t. H:!nk- ^^ i\li'^"» Shatey. 1st reg t, 

inson's co., 1st re^ t. : ,^ also .continental army. 

John Hue, capt. Waltcm's ' l^ohert Sharp, capt. \\ al- 

troo]., Hu-ht drauoons. ^^'" « ^^"^''T- iiM"^^t dra- 

Matthewlluccai^t. Walton's : rTM^'^"^'^^'^,, , ,,. , 

troop, light drau-oons. , ^^'9''}}}'' ^^^'V^- '''4'.t- ^^ ^^'-^- 

-\r ,.n • -i> ■ ■\->' 1 • led s CO., 1st reg t. 

^lattlnas line. ensi'_n. \\ al- i • i ..i 

T . ,. , .Jnsian Siicarn.ian. 

ton s CO., J St r('_;' t, <in'd ;it -n ., .•! i i t j. 

>^- ^- , ,, , T,,^. ilioja.is Sheplierd. lieut. 

Jsew loik, 1(d). "iStJi, n,. , / 

T!-^- 1 -1 • .. J lc(^ s CO.. ist rei-- t. 

J///, Willi'' priS(Uier ol \i,n,,.- c;i i i' 

* Aohcrtiis Sliockalcar. 
wji.r. 

nr-MT r, , n,, 1 Dayid Sickle (or \'an Sickle I 

\\illiam iiue. cai)t. \\ al- .,1 u- ^^ i- i ^ 

• , T 1 J 1 ■ -^l reu t, also continental 
ton s tjTurp, iiLdit diai; ns. 

11 7. ' • .■ 1 army. 

'J'.'liil iiUc, captain Saiiiuc i * . - ii t ^ --r- ' 

,. • , J-, ,, -James hickles, lieut. lice s 

JJennis Co.. jst rcu' t. - i^ ■*- 4^ ^r i 

CO., 1st reg t, ca])t. W al- 

John Ku'i. c;.i,i::,„i S.iMucl , ton's tvony. light dra- 

J'cnnis CO., l.rregr. ' a'-'ons; Matross, captain 

Jnmjannn Salter. J':iNtern ; Jiarnes Snu^ck's co., ai- 

h.'ittalion: l;i]](-i S-^ptejn- tillery. 

I.er r,th. 1771). James Sniadley, caj.t. Wal- 

\\i.ham Sanford, tons troo];, light dra- 

C'oriiclius S(dianck. captain goons. 

llunns CO., 1st reg't. i Benjamin Smith. 



148 HISTOKY or 3t:0\M0rTlI and OCKAX '.'orXTIES. 

Geoi'go Siiiitli, Clip'". Hunir.s Peter Stiiil'\\;ii:,(>ii. 

CO., 1st reir't. Ciarit't Still well, ik'nteimut 
GidsiUi Siii'th. l];inies Smock's ir<)ci|>. 

Ja;'(jb Smith, ■■•apt. Hniikhi- lij;]it dra jooiis. 

son's CO., 1st y.-'u't. Gf'r.>ii;>ia Siillwell. 

Jcliii Smith, (-apt. Hiiiin's Johu Stilhv.'lh (•a])t. S,imU'_'l 

CO., 1st re:j,'t. Dennis' co.. Is: re^^'t. 

Joseph SmitJi, Mntross, ■ Oheaiah Stilhvell. 1st i>-'r. 

capt Jxivnes Smoek'r, .-o., ah.,\ April l:], 1777, vdiile 

artilh-rv. pri,-,Mn.n-. 

Peter Smith. _ ^^ ^ Thomas S;illwoll. 

Samuel Sm:th, lieut. Tice's "Matthew S'.iner. 

CO., l>,t rei^'r. John S-orer. 

Thomas ^1m;tl!, 1st r^'_;-"t, Luke S-.-iri'v. 

aisii State tvoop.s, also Seth Stoiv>y, Matross, capt. • 

coiitl army. Hmldys cr>., artilierv, 

William Siiiith. 1st re-^'t. State tro;^ps. 

also State troops, also -Tames Stoat. 

contl army. -Teremiah Stout. 

C<3rnelias Smock. Jonathan Stout. 

George .Smock. Tlumias SNuir. capt. S.im'l 
Chris. SneiJer, c(!nt*lanny. Dennis' (•!>., 1st le^t. 

John Siiei<ler Atlam Stiiker. ca])t. Samuel 
William Sne^\(len. Dennis' co.. 1st res.^t. 

John Solouian. capt. \V;il- John St\]Hir.-;. 

ton's troop, li^-ht Jra- pt^.T Sivuiits. 

g'>o";-^ DaAid Su-hn, captain V\'al- 
John Solomau. ist reg't, to]i's trooi., light (lra;/i.-,. 

also cont'l arjuv. t^i, (^,tm;,. * ,, f ^v ,u , • 

,-,.,.,.• -loo ourn.n, ca;»t. \\ alton s 
Jolm Springsteiu. ^ j-^.^^ Jragoons. 

Isa;icSt;mtser,capt^ j.arnes j^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^ capt: Haukm- 

Smock s ci;.. anil er\-. .,.'. . i <. ,t- . 

T ■-., 1 -vT- V . >>on s CO.. ist rei;L. 

Isaac .^talm, cai-t. \\ alton s ^ i .. . ', • ^,- , 

troop, liuht uvauoons. '^"^'^P'^ Sutnu.captain A. al- 
^Ym. Starhev, ^.tate trooi), ton s .nu.p, hgiit Jra^- n.. 

also cont'l armv. ' Abram buTpiieu. 

Isaac States, ..i^t. Waitoji's ^-om-t Snrpheu, capt. A> ad- 
troop, li^ht .uago.ms. ^^^^'^ ^•^'- -^"t ^'* -^• 

Piobert Steath. ' John ^ Sutphen. capt. W cl- 
AleKan<lr.i- Sit^voivt, 'l\ y-j't, ^<'ii'"^ troop, light dra-f-ns. 

also coat lariuv. : Peter Sutphen. caj^t. V»'a!- 

William Stewart^ ton's troop, lii^ht dra-ijs. 

Elisiia S:ill, capt. Di'uere's Jruias Sutton, -Jd r.^^u't., ai>.o 

CO. i-ont 1 ai-iuy. 

Jacob St}lli\ ago!). 3rano.-,s, liichaid Su\(lam. 

caj)l. 11 uddy s co., ai'tii- Jacobus Suaii^.der, cap a;ri 

Icry, Slat.; troop. Brucre's co. 



f' !•• 



- • I' t;; 
\ . ■ , -I 

'1 r-.-t' ..■. ) 



THE ItEVOIA'TIONARY WAIL 



141) 



Jesse Sv.eiu, 'Id rc^t., iilso 
cont'l army. 

Obailiah Sylvrslov. (•a]<taii- 
AValtoii's troop, li^bt dia- 
o;ooiis. 

William Tallmaii. eontiu'l 
army. 

James' Ta})scott, capt. Wal- 
ton's troop, ]i;_';ht (Irau'ij--. 

Charles Tatem, ea])t. Wal- 
ton's troo]i, ii;j;ljt drai; lis. 

Edward Taylor. 

James Taylor, Statv troops. 

J(jlin Taylor, ca]>tain Wad.- 

• deli's CO.. 1st reud'. 

Joseph Taylor, 1st reot. ; 
wounded at Germ ant' wn, 
Oct. 1th, 1777. 

John Test, capt. Walton's 
troo]~), lii^ht dra,i;-oons. 

Jonathan Thorpe. 

Eicliard Thfunas. 
'-- Kobert Thomas. 

Benjamin Tliompson. 

Lewis Tliompscm, captain 
Waddell's co., 1st regt. 

William Thompson, capt. 
Samuel Dennis' co.. 1st 
regt. 

David Thompson. 

Eenjamin Thorp. ca}>t. Han- 
kiuson's co., 1st regt. 

James Throckmorton, capt. 
Waddell's co., Isl reg't. ; 
also tr(^f-]i light hurse ; 
also cont 1 army. 

Eichard Tice. 

-Benjamin Tilton. 

, Benjamin Tilton, Jr., ]Ma- 
tross, ca[)t;iin JJarnes 
Smock's ro., artillery. 
Edward I'iltmi. 
John 'J'ilton, captain ^^ ad- 
dell's CO., 1st r«'gt. 
John Thompson, (iqitain 

Wa.ldell's vi)., 1st r.-gt. 
Isaac Tonstni. 



John Trihit. 

Abraham Truax, capt. Han- 

kinsou's CO., 1st regt. 
Jacob Tiuax. 
Samuel Truax. capt. Samuel 

Dennis' co., 1st regt. 
Samuel Truax, lieut. Tice's 

CO., 1st regt. 
Cornelius Tunis(m,lieuten't 

]3arnes Smock's troop, 

liglit dragoons. 
John B. Turner. 
•Toliu Tyson, 1st regt. 
John 1 nderwood. 
Thomas Valentine, Matross, 

ca]:)t. Huddy's co.. State 

troops. 
WilliaiJi Yalentiiie. 
Jacob C. YanArtsdalen. 
David Van Blarkin. 
Stephen Yan ]3rackley, capt. 

Carhart's co., 1st ]'egt. 
John \iiu Cleave. 
Joseph A'an Cleave. 
Peter Yan Cleave. 
John Yan Court. 
Cornelius A'anderlnlt. 
Jacob Yanderl)ilt. 
Abraham Yanderhall, ca])t. 

Waddell's CO., 1st reg't.; 

also cont'l army. 
Cornelius P. Yajiderhoof, 

capt. Carhart's co., 1st 

John A anderhoof. 

Gershoin Yanderhull, 1st 
reg't ; died March 28th, 
177vS, of wounds received 
at Ciermantown, Pa., Oct. 
4th, 1777. 

Abraham Yauderhull. State 
troops. 

Henrv Vanderliull. 

Cornelius A'undervefn', tr p 
light horse. 

John Vanderveer. 



!''ii3i:' 



■ u^iir. // 



150 HISTORY OF MONT'lOUTII AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

Jos. YautlervtMM'. ]\[;iti"<iss, Jolm Yniit\\ i!-ke,ei)utii;<?:itai 

capt. Barnes Smncks l-o., army. 

artillery. Joseph A^a^t^^ icke. conti- 
Peter Yamlervent^'r. noutal ariuv. 

Denise Yaiuline. Henrv A'o.)rhees, capt.Y'ad- 
Isaac A'aiiDoru, troop, ligjit delTs co. 

dragO(^ns. Lucas Yoorliees. 

Nicholas Yaii Doru. Tunis Yoorliees, Matro.-^s, 
Jemiseu Yankirk, ea]>taiu captain Barnes Sniock"s 

Haukiuson's co., 1st rent. ''o.. artillery. 

lieuten't Jacob Tice's CO., William Voorhees, captain 

1st re-t. AVadd-irs co. 

Benjamin Yan Mater, caiU. [TH-pies Y<)orh(^<.s. 

AVadJells co., 1st re-t., ^ n-e<'iit A^_aln^yrl-ht. 

captain Barnes Smnek's '^'']^' A\ amwri-ht, captain 

CO., aitilJt'i\. . 

r, ■ ^' -vr . . rorman Walker. 

Cvnonce \ an Mater, capt. /-,>,,,.,„ U',n-^.. .,^4- av.i 

"-i-cr 1 T IT ^ (,reori/e \\ jilker. eaiit. \> >\d- 

W addells <ju. i -n- ^ 

.-^ . ,- -. r <lell S CO. 

Lvrinus van ALater, capt. tt--i,- t.- i. 

'Waddell^ CO A^llh;Mu A\ alien. 

James Yan Xorman. 1st :\v!!;! ^' ^^V;':-/'""''^ ■^"">'- 

re^- 1 ; also confl armv. ^ ^l^^=^=^,^;l^^^«- 

Martin Yan Nortwick. ' •! ames A^ ilkiUM^n. 

Alexander Yan Pelt. ca])t. Humphrey T\ illett, captain 
Carharfs CO.: also Staf^ ^^unuei Dennis co., l>t 

(■hristophcr Yan Pelt, cai.t. -^!'; ''.'•'' ^^ ^}'']^^'^^- 

C'arliarts cii. ^^ illiam Williamson, ca])t. 
HendrickAan Pelt, captain Hunus c<)., 1st re.i^j't. 

Carliarts co. Henry A\ illin, coutl ai-my. 

Jacol) A'jtn IVlt, capt. Car- Andr.-.v Wii>,(.n, contiiiental 

harfs c(;. army. 

Johannes A'an Pelt. captKin Benjamin Wilson, captain 

Carharts co. Samuel ])^■nnis co., 1st 

Tunis A'an Pelt, capt. < 'ar- ^■'^- ^- ,. 

hai-t's CO. " Jacol) \\ il>,)n. 

AVilliam A'.-cU Pelt, captaii; Jf^nies AVilsoii, caj.t. W;il- 

Carhart's CO. ton's n-e..p. light dri- 

AVilliam A'.in Pelt. ca})tain 

AVa]t(«n's troop, light -^''^ii' ^^'''• 

dragn.vns. ' Pete]' Wils.iii. 

Court Van Schaick. :Ma- J-'ines AN'inter. 1st rt^Lj-'r, 
tross, c;0|)tain ]>arnes "^"'''l Alarch ItJi, 1777, 

Smock's e.... artillery. v.hiie pii-oiu-r. 

Benj.'imiii .]. A an Skoick. JacJ, \"\';lchell, contiiu'nt li 

J >ii;i]i \ an Skeii-k. armw 



•< >ns. 

' -ion. 



.!;..:'[ 



.!• il I f.l 



. •» 



>.\ I 1.: 

■I' >'.' < 



THE i;lvolutioxai:y V.'Ar.. l.)l 

Jdseph Wollcn, captain George AVarner. 

Hiiiiirs t'()., l>t i)alt;ili<)ii. John AVan-ick. rapt. \\';il- 

Beujainiii Wou,l. ton's troo|), liu-lit dva- 

Georp;e Wood. o-ooiis. 

Mathias '\^"oo(l. William Watson, 'I<1 rcg't, 

James Wootlma.ucv. also contl arm v. 

Al)raliam A\'ooley. Artlinr Weeks. 

Steplieii Wi)lvcrtoii. Valentine Wilet. eapt. Wal- 

Nieliolas Won>'l, »';i])tain L<m's troop, li^j.'t '\v:\- 

Barnes Smock's CO., artil- j^'oons, capt. Hankinson's 

lery, Matross. co., 1st reg't. 

John Worth, cape. Walton's Ste})ijen West. c;ipt. Wad- 

troop, llulii: ilra-oons. dell's co., 1st reg't. 

William Woi'th, Isr r.'g't. Thomas West, capt. Hau- 

also State trt)o])s. cont'l kinson's co., 1st reg't. 

army. Lewis White. 
John Yateman. * William White. 
Benjamin Yates. James Whitlork. capt. Car- 
William Yates, capr. Wal- hart's co., 1st reg't. 

ton's troop, light dra- Lockhart Wliitiock. 

goons. Garret Wickoit'. 
Carhart Walling. Jacob Wickott", capt. Han- 
Daniel AValliiig. kinson's co., 1st re^g'i. 
James Walling. Samuel Wickoff. 
John Walling. William Wii-koff, ca|)tain 
Phili}) Walling. 1st reg't, Hnnn's co., 1st reg't. 

wonnded at ]Middlet(nvn, John Wilher, INlatross. capt. 

New Jersey, June 21st, Hnddv's co., artillery, 

1780. State troops. 

Carhart AValton, capt. C ar- AVilliam Wilber. 

hart's CO., 1st r( g't. Steron Wilherson. 

William Waid. ]st r.-g't, Eicdiard Wilbnr, captain 

also contd armv. Jiruere's co. 



11 



il 



•M.H ' <- 



15"2 IILSTOIIY OF MOX3rOUTlI AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

THE BATTLE OV 3[()XM()rT?I. 

COMPILED FKOZM CONTEMl'OKANEOUS HISTOUY AND DESli>Ni;D 
TO INCLUDE EVEKVTHINC O]' LNTEJIEST J;i:LATIN(f TO 
THAT EVENJ-. 



(rroni Gi.irilon's History of Xi-w Jersey.)* 



A"l>out th(> tini" the coinuiaiKl of tlio nrinv d^'volved 
upon Sii- Heiirv riiutoii. ordovs v,-(^ro rtH't'ivcd fov the, 
evacuation of TliiJadflplrlji. The part wliieli Ernncc was 
aLout to take in rlio war, with the naval fdi'cp sht had 
prepared, rend^ned this rity a daui^cr'nis position, ;'.ud^ 
detorniined tlu' auniinisrrutio!!, entij-(dy. io n];anihirx the 
Dehrware. Ere])arations to this end were ;K•tiv<:d^' ])ur- 
sueil, hut it was some time uncertain to ^liat point the 
arrny was destined. At lenj^th tlie intention was a]>p;tr- 
eut to r^arh X<mv Y(nk thrr)n_:;h tlie Jej-seys. I'jion tliis 
presumption Cicnerul V\ aslrington conducted his (jj^er- 
ations. 

General Maxwel], with tiie Jersev I>riij,ade. was or- 
dered to take ])o.'-t ahont r\L(»uiir Holly and to unite witli 
3.Iajor-Cleneral i^iek'^nsun, mIio was a^smihliin:;- the mil- 
iti.'i for the purp(j-;t' of hr-ndcinf; down hridt^'es, fallinu; 
trees in the roads, and otlierwise einliarassinu- the jn.-indi 
of tlie iJiitisli (icn-ra!. I]i<lructions were <^-:ven to ttiese 
oliicei's to LOnard earrfnily at^ainst a r(ji/j, ii> ntn'tn^ and to 
keep the miiiria in .>mall, ii^lit ])art:fs du his tlaad^s. 

^'heu '\\ ashin:.;"tiai learned tliat the ^r'-ater pro]/or- 
tiou of the i'riiish arm)' ha;i erossed tlie ] >idawar<\!- he 
convened a conjicd of i^i-neral (^itieers to d(4i"i'mini' on his 
course. TJie forci' of the aiaai.'S was near! v (Mpial, tin.^ 
numerical advanta-i- heiin;; witii th*' Ainericans ; the 
J^uitisli havin;;- t'-n and the .Vmei-icans ht-tween U'^\ and 
eleven tln^msaud. < >f sc\-entecn ;j,>'nei'al ofii'-'U's. Wayne 
and Caalwalader alone wer;i d(3cideil]y in favoL' of attack- 
ing tln^ enemy. Ea E.iyetle inclined U) iinat o[i;!jion 



* The i-[i^t.lI■y r.f Nf-vv J. rscy f-ui.i ;rs In^;. .st-ry \y; r.ur.iiK ii'.s to tlif a.lo;.tion 
of till' Fraciid Cuistitiaii.ii. J!v i'lioi.j..r 1-. (t..i-iwii. I'rtnitoii i'ul.li.-li.d l.v H.iii:.-! 
Fcutolj. 1^:.!. 

t June IS, 17:s. 



hU 



THE ];ATTT,F. of .ArOXMOUTH. iod 

Avithont o]»only nnliraeinu; it. Con.'^oqiieiitly it was 
resolved not to risk ;i l):ittli'. 

Sir He iiry Clinton moviil with ^rr'at deliberation, 
seeming to await tlie approaeli of liis adversavy. He 
])roeefded tlir-nigli Haddontield,;|: M()unl Holly, Slab- 
town and Ci'osswic-ks t*) Allentown and Inilaystown: vrliieli. 
lie readied on the t\^■ent^ -fouith. 

Dickinson and ^laxwtdl retired l>'foi-e him, unable 
to olistruet liis mai'eh otherwise tlian by destroying the 
bridges. As his route, until h<^ |);iss<^d C"rossv,'leks, lay 
directly up the Delaware, and .it in) great distance from 
it, General A\"ashi]iLito]i fodiid it nccessai'v to riiake an 
extensive circuit to pass the river at Coryidhs !''ei-ry. 
Pursuant t(/the settled plan of avoiding an engagement 
he kept the high grounds, directing his army sc) as to 
cover the important passes of the Highlands. He crossed 
the river on the t^^■enty-secoud, and remained the twenty- 
third at Hop:- well, in devat.^d country, adjacent to the 
river. 

General Arnold, whose wounds vet unl^tted him for 
service, was directed to p:^ssess himself of Philadel- 
phia, and to detach four hundred continental troo]is and 
sncli militia as could be c!>llected, to harass the rear <)f 
the enemy. 

This s.^rvice, by th'^ ordr-r of tle^ comraander-iu- 
cliief, Avas c )iiii 1:^:] t) G^n M'al C i Iwali 1 ^r, wlio could 
only add to his continental f.)rce tifty volunteers and 
forty militia, co]nmanded by (Teneral Liicy. Frf)ni Hoiie- 
well, ?\Ior'.;an, whlx six hundii.-,d riflemen, was detached 
to annoy his right tlank ; l)irkenson, with about one 
thousand Jersev militia, and 7^1 ixwells brigade, hung on 
his left. 

In this position of the armies (leneral Washington, 
who had rather acquiescd in than a])p"roved the decision 
of the hde .'uuneil i if Awir. an.il v.'as disposed to seek ba.t- 
i\o, again subinUtfd the projxisal to the cons]deration cjf 
the o-oneral tithco's. 1)v w]i')iu it was a^'aiu nee;atived. 



I Till- iimht i!lC the I'.etish oikmiui.,-.! at H:i,l loun. !■]. Cai.taiii M<[..n\".. liy 
niiloi' {fcMi i:-i,.'ial .\iloUi. pas'-cd tlir.'iiyh tli'-ir 'jaiiiii, ai.il ri'lrnti-d tlii-ir Mti.a- 
tju[i t,> tlic (.1 iivi-:v!. 



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lo-A IIISTOKY OF MOXr.IOrTH AND OCEAN COTNTIES. 

B>' tlieir advice a c-lu>seii lioilv of tit'teen liuiulroil lucu. 
under ]>ri;L;"adier-CTeiieral Sc-ott. was addt;d to tlie corijs 
ou the loft tlank of tlie enemy. r>ut AVasiiinu-tou beiuLi' 
su])ported ])v the wishes of S(jine oi'tii-tn's wlioin lir liiijldy 
valued, deteruiiued on his own responsiltility, to Inini;' on 
a general en^au'onicnt. The enemv bein^j: on his jlareh 
to Moninontli Court-House, he lesolved to strengthen 
the foree on his lines hy despatching (ienoral AVayne 
■with an additiiaiul cor|)s of one thousand nieu. The 
Continental trooi)S now thrown in front of the army 
amounted to fom- thousand men, a foree s-atiieient to 
recjuire the direction of a major-g<'nei'al. I'lie tour of 
duty was CTL'ner^u Lite's, but he liaviug dfM-l;fi'»Ml strongly 
against liazarding even a partial engagi'incui, an<l sup- 
posing that in ronformity with the advice signed by ail 
the generals in cam}), save one, nothing would be at- 
tem})ted beyond veconnoitering the enemy and restrain- 
ing the })luu<lerihg parties, showed no disposition to as- 
sert his idaim, but vielded tlie command to (Teiieral I^a- 
Fayette. All the continental ]>arties on the lines were 
placed under his direction, with ortlers to take measures 
in concert with Cleur ral Dickenson, to impede the march 
of the JJiitish and to occasion them tht} greatest loss. 
These m-^asures demonstrated tlie wishes of the com- 
mander-in-chief, tending alniost inevitably to a general 
battle. Wayne inid t'aiaiestiy advised it, and La Tayette 
inclined tov:;irds ;i partial engagenn.MU. Colonel Hamil- 
ton, who accoiii])anied him, Jiad the strongest desire U< 
signalixe the detachment, and to acc(nni>lish all the 
wishes of Washington. These dispositions having been 
made, the main army was moved to Cran])cary (ui the 
tweutj-sixlh, Uj support the advance. The intense heat 
of the weather, a lieavy stoiin, and a t«Mnpor;iry A\ant of 
provisions, prevenied it from ))roceeding further uex.t 
day. The ad\ance ciH'ps had pressed forwaril and taken 
a position on the 3Ionmouth road, about tive miles in 
the rear of tlie enemy, with the intention of attacking 
him (Ml the next morning, it was now, however, too re- 
mote and too far on the right to i)e sujniorted in case of 



THE BATUr.E OF .^r()N."\[orTri. 155 

actiou ; aiul, pursuant tt) orJcis, tlio ^I;a-(|iiis lilt.il otfliy 
his left to\v;n-ds Eii;4lisiitown, early in the inoniiug of tlie 
tweuty-seveiith. 

Gene]-al l^.'e IiaJ declined tlie c-(^nnnand of the ad- 
vance party, under the ojjiirion that it Avas iivf dfsit^iicd 
for eti'ective service ; but ])erceiving soon after its niarcii 
tliat much importance ^vas attached to it, and dreading 
lest liis rejnttation might sullei', he earn(\stly solicited to 
he placed at its head. To reliev(- ]iis feelings, without 
vruuuding those of La Fayette, Washingion detached the 
former with two otiier brigades to su})port the Mar([uis. 
Lee wuidd, of (-ourse, have the ilirection of the vrhole 
front division, amounting now to five thousand men ; but 
he stipvdated that if any enterprise had beeu fornnnl by 
La Fayett?, it sh )ul 1 hi exec a.;' las if the ciim aiaudiug 
officer had no': bc-en change. 1. 

Sir Henry Clinton liad talcen a strong position on 
the liigh grounds about Monmoutli ( 'ourt House ; Inning 
his right tlaid'C in tlie skirt of a small wood, his left se- 
cured by a thick one, and a morass toward his rear. His 
whole front was also covered l)y a wood, and for a con- 
siilerable distance toward his left, by a morass, and lie 
was within twelve miles of the hi^h grounds about Mid- 
dletowu ; after reaching which he would be perfectly 
secure. 

Under these circumstances, Geiiej-al Washington (h:- 
termined to attack their rear, the moment they should 
move from their ground. This determination was com- 
municated to Lee, witli ordei's to )iiake his dispositi()n 
and to keep his tror)ps constantly lying on their arms, 
that he miglit be in readiness to take advantage of the 
first movement. Corresponding orders were also given 
to the rear division. 

About tive in the morning of tlie twenty-eighth, in- 
telligence was received from Chmeral 1 Dickenson, that the 
front of the enemy was in moti(jn. Tlie troo})s were im- 
mediately underarms, aud Lee was directe<l to mo\e on 
and attack tlie rear, "unless there siiouid l»e })uwerfnl 
reasons to the contr;ir>'." He was at tht^ same time in- 



150 HISTORY OF :\rOXMOUTII .\yD OCEAN COUNTIES. 

forniod, that tlio in;i;u ;vniiy would inarcli to siippr)rt 
liira. 

Siv Henrv C'liutou, pcrroiviiiL;' tliat the Auit'iicar.s 
were in liis ]ieiL;lil)()i-h<)()(l, elianued the oi'der nJ lii.s 
march. Thp ba'j;!::au;e was ])lac-tMl under tlie eai'e of (ren-- 
eral KnypliausiMi. while the tiower of tliis arn\y. unin- 
cumbered, foriiU'd tJi!' rear division commanded hy Lord 
Corjrwallis ; wlio, t(-) avoid pressiuu" upon Jvnypliau-^en, 
remained on his ground untd about eii;-ht, a'ld th(^n ih- 
scpndin.;- fr.)m th:^ h:^:^-hts of Freehohb into a plain of 
about tln-ee miles in extent, took n]) his line of nnirch in 
rear of th;' front division. 

(lenoral L^' nri le tlio dis[))sii:ions n-^c?ssary for e\- 
ecutin'4' his (»rders ; and. s;).)n after the rear of the enemy 
was in motion, [)i'. -pared to attack it. (reneral Dickenson 
had been direct:'d to dnach soin^ of his best troops to 
co-o]i(^rate with him, and Mor_;;in to act on the enemy's 
right tlank, but with so mncli caution as to l)e al)le read- 
ily tc^ extricate himself and to form a jnnctio-n with the 
njain body. 

Lee ap}M\-ircd on the hei;.;"hts of Frei hohl sor)n .after 
the enemy Imd left them, and following the Jiritisli into 
the plain g-ave ru-ih'rs to General Wayne to attack their 
covering" party ho as to halt tliem. bur not to ju'ess them 
sufticieutly to forca them up to the in lin body, or to 
(baw reinforcements from th'^n:-.^ to th dr aid. In the 
meantime, he ])roposed to gain their front V)V a shorter 
road on tln'ir left, and entirely intercepting their com- 
munication ^\'ith the line to bear tliem off before they 
couhl be assiste'l. 

AVhilo in til!' cxc^cnticin of tiiis d 'sign, a gentlenmn 
of Generad VN'a.shing'ton's suit;' cane- up to gain inti'Ui- 
gence. and t > him L:'e cunnmnicated his present (»l\iect. 

Sir lli'V.ry ('linton, sooa after the r.^ar division was 
in lull niarrh. (,.b-;:\'ved a. column of t]\>^ Americans on his 
L-ft tiaidv. 'I'h!s Icing militia, wa.s so^n dispiu'sedi. ^\dlen 
Ir.s ]-e;vr gin-u-d had desi-"ndeil fj-om tlie idll. it was fol- 
lowfil by a c!;vj>s; ^oon af:"r which a. cannonade upon it 
A\as commenced from some pieces commanded by (a)l- 



THE jiATTLE OF :\royMorTH. 157 

onel 0.sA\;il(l. and at tlio same tiuic lie received iiitelli- 
gence that a ve.s])ectable force had shmvu itselt on Loth 
his tlaiiks. r>elieviiig ade.siij;ii to have been formed uu his 
baggage, -which in thi^ detih's v/ouhl 1)e ex})osed, he de- 
termined in (irder to secure it to attack the tr<jO})s in his 
rear so xigorously as to eom])el them to call oli' tliose (3n 
his thinks. Tlris induced him to march l)ack his whole 
rear division, which nn)vement vras nndcin;u- as Lee ad- 
vanced for the purj^ose of reconnoitering to the front of 
the wood adjoinin.ii- tin- ])!ain. He soon jierceived him- 
self to haAe mistaken th!> foi'ce which formed the rear of 
the British, hut he vet ju'oposed to engage on that 
ground, althougji his judgment, as was afN_^rwarils stated 
by himsetf, (>n an in(|uirv into his conduct, di>a[)proved 
of it ; tlun's being a morass immediately in liis rear, 
whieh could not Ix- passed without difheulty, and which 
would necess;irily impede the arrival of reinforciMnents 
to his aid iind emb;irass his retreat should he be tinallv 
over]>owereih 

'.Ihis \\"as about te)i o'elovk. AVhilr both armies 
were preparing for action, (renera.l Sc(,tt (as stated bv 
General Lee), mistool: an obliipie march of ;in American 
column for a retreat, ainl in tli^^ apprehension of bt-ini;: 
abandoned itd't his pi^sition and repassed the ravine in 
his rear. lieinjj himself of opinion tljat the ground r)n 
which the army was drawn u]) was ])y no nutans favora- 
ble to them, Lee did. not correct the error S/ott had com- 
committi'd, but directed the whoh^ detachment to regain 
the heiglits they had })assed. He was jn-essed by the 
enemy and thv' same slight skirmishing ensued during 
this retr.)grade movenmnt, in wiiich not much hjss was 
sustained on eitlu'r side. 

\\ hen tiie iirst fifing anuounced tlie c()mmence- 
ment of tij^* ac:.on, the rear divisioa threw oif thinr 
paidcs and advanci'd raj)idiy to support the front. As 
they a[ipfoachcd the scene of ai-tion, A\'ashington, 
who had rec;dv.'d no int dligsqu-e from Lee notifving his 
reti'eaf, rode foi ■^vavd., and abou!: noon, after the ai'mvhad 
marched live miles, to his utter astimishmcnc and mortiii- 



158 nrsTo;!i- of Mowiorrn and ocean counties. 

cation, met the ;ulvaiu-(;'(l corps rotiriiii;- l)ct'oro the ciicni}' 
with but lia\i]ii^- made a siiiL^lt' etl'ort to maintain their 
crroiind. Those whom he tirst i'eli in with neither nii- 
tlerstooJ the mi>ti\\-s wliieli lia 1 ^ovcnuHl (ieneral Lim_^ 
nor liis present (h'si^ii, and eoahl ^'i\'e n(^ otiun' info]ina- 
tion than that hy his >)rders they had lied withont 
fighting. 

AVashini^ton rode to the rear oi the di^•ision, whicli 
was ch)sel_v pressed. There he met Lee, to whom he 
spoke in terms of sonn^ warmtli, implyini;' disapproba- 
tion of iiis eondnct. He also u;ave immediate orders 
to the i'eij,iments commanded by Coh^nel Stewart and 
Lieutenant-C'oloii(d liamsay to form (jn a piece of ground 
which he deemed ]n;o|>er for the ])urpose of tdn^cking the 
enemv, who were advancing ra})idlv on them, (general 
Lee was then directed t>) tal;e ])roper measure with the 
residue of his forei- to stop the JJritish column on that 
gr(niml. and the C'oijim;iJid(-r-in-c)iief r(;de back himself 
to arrange the rear divisit^n of the army. These orders 
wei'e executed with firmness. A shai-p conllict ensued, 
an<l when forced from tJie gj'ouud on whicli he h;id been 
placed, Lee In'ouglit oil' his troops in good order, and v>'as 
then dii-ected to form in the rear of Englishtown. 

Tlw (dieek tjiiis giv<'U the enemy, att"orded tinn:', to 
draw u]) the ielt wing and second line of the Aniei-ican 
army on lui eminence, }iartlv in a wood, and partly a\ an 
open held, covere^l 1^}' a nn-.)'ass in front. Lord Sterling, 
who couimande<l the wing, brought U]) a detacliment of 
artillery, under Ijieutenant-Colonel Carrington, with some 
field pieces, which piayd with considerable eti'ect U[!on 
the enemy, who had })assed the morass and were })ress- 
iiig (>ii to the charge. The })ieces, with the aid of sev- 
ernl parties of infantry detached for the purpose, ellec- 
tually put a sto]) to tiieir advance. 

Tin; Americaii artillery were drawn up in the open 
field, and maintained tlieir ground with admiral )le ilrm- 
iiess undei' ;i heavy and persevering lire^ ir<'in the J>ritish. 

'J'he right wing was f(^r the day commanded by (4ene^ral 
Greene. 'Vo ex])edite the march, and to preveiit the en- 



THE BATTIJ: of 3I0.\M0L'TII. 159 

emy from turning the rjglit tiaiilc, lie had been orJeresl 
to file oH* by the new cLurcli, two miles from Englislitown, 
and to full into the Monmouth i-oad a small distance 
iu the rear of the court houst\ while the i-.'sidue of the 
army proceeded directly to that ]ilace. He h.ad advanced 
on this road considerably to the right of and rather be- 
yond the ground on which the armies were now engaged, 
when he ^vas informed of the retreat of Lee, and of the 
new disposition of the troop.s. Ho, immediately changed 
his route and t(jok au advantageous position on the 
right. 

AVarndy opposed in fr(^nt the enemy attempted to 
turn the left flank of the American army, but Avere re- 
pulsed and driven back hv }»art''es of infantrv. Tliey 
then attempted the right with as little su^'^•t^ss. (xeneral 
Greene had advanced a body of ti'oops, with artillery, to 
a commanding piece of ground in liis fmnt. which not 
only marred their design of turninu- the right. l)ut severe- 
ly enfiladed the party which yet remained in front of the 
left wing. At this moment, General WaAiie advanced 
with a body of infardry in front, who kept u}> so hot 
and well directed a fire of musketry that the Jjrit- 
ish soon gave way and withdrew behind tlu^ ravine to the 
ground on which the lirst halt had been made. 

Here the liritisli line was formed on very strong 
ground. J3o(h flanks were secured by thick woods and 
morasses, while their front could be reached only 
through a narrow j)ass. T.he day had l)et>n intensely hot 
and the tr<;)(jps were much fatigued. Still, ^Washington 
resolved to renew the enuagement. Fm- this |)urpose 
Brigadier-General Poor, with his own and the (,/arolina 
brigade, gained the enemy's right liank. wjiile Woodford, 
with his brigade, turned th'ir left, and the artillery ad- 
vanced on them in fiont. But the impi-diments (ui the 
■flanks of the enejny wen.' so considiTablt.' that before 
they could be overcome and the troo])s ;ip[-r<*ach mar 
enough tocommence the attack it wasnt-ai-ly dark. Indca' 
these circumstan.ces further opcr.-uions were deferred un- 
til morning. The brigades on the ilaid^s kept tLcir 



■• J-' !■ 



!, M fl 






) . ' I 



1 ..;! 



I . /'' . 



100 HISTOKY OF M(.)N."\[OI-TH -AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

j^Toiiiitl tlir<Mii;li tli'^ niulit and the othor ti'oo]^s lav nM 
their arms !u the ti^lil of l)aitl(' in orJei to he in pvrfeet 
reiivliiu\-^s to s;T])|ii)i't tliciu. (i.'ueral Washington, Avho 
ha J through the (hiv Ii^T'ii extremely actiAv, passed t'.io 
niglit in his eloalv in the midst of his soldiers. 

In the meaniinie. the British were eni]doved in re- 
moviri;^ vheir woun h>d. Ahout niidnii:,h: thev marched 
away in sueh silence that their retreat was widjoiit the 
kuowledii'e of (rcncral l^^>or, who lav verv near them. 

As it was pcrf'-ctly cer;ain that he would gain the 
hij^h {^rounds alxmt ^liddletown l)efore thcv could he 
(tvertaken, where they could not he attacked with ailvan- 
taj^"e, as the face of the country all'ordcd no prospect of 
opposin.t;' their emharkation; and as the hattle. already- 
fought, had terminated fav«n-ah]y to the re])utati.>n of 
the American arms, it was tliought advisable to relin- 
quish the pursuit. I^eaA'ijig the Jersey In-iM-ado, 3[or- 
gan"s cor})s ajid M'T.ane's command to hover ahoat 
them, to countenance desertion, and ])rotect the C(nintrv 
from their de])i-e(hations, it was resolved to move the 
main hody of the army to the Hudson, and take a posi- 
tiou which should effectually cover the important passes 
in the Highlaii'l-^. 

The less of the Americans Avas eight olHcers and 
sixty-one pi'ivates killed, aiul about one huudreil and 
sixty wouu-ded. 

Among the slain a\ ere Lieut. -Cidonel Bonner, of 
Pennsylvania, and ^lajor Dit-kinson. of A'irgiiiia, hotli 
much ragi'etted. One hundr^'d and thirtN w(*i-e missin"- ; 
of whom many afterwards joinei] their ri^giments. 

Sir Heiiry Clinton stated his dejud and ndssin^ at 
four officers, and one hundred and eiglit\'-ionr jnivate.-^ ; 
liis woumh^d at sixteen officers, and one hund]"ed and 
lifty-four privates. This account, so far as respects the 
dead, cannot he correct, as four officers and two hundred 
and forty-tive ]n-i\;ites \\ere buried on the htd(h and 
some few wore- ;d't;)"\\'a!-ds found and bnri(.'d, so as to in- 
crease the^ number to nearh' three huudnd. The un- 



I'i ^iliUl(:il< 



T1IJ-: i;attt.k of mon.mouth. ir»l 

common lieat I )f tlio Jay was fatal to sc'veral on liotli sides. 

As nsual wiu^ii a l);iit]L' has no!: been (Teeisivo, liotli 
jiarties claimed the vift(»v. In tlie eaiiv -part of the 
day the advantam' was ccrtiiiidy \\ itli tlje ]5iitish; in the 
latter part it may l)e }>]'unonnced v ith equal certainty t(^ 
have been widi the Americans. They nniintaiued their 
<j;ronnd, re})ulsed the e:iemy by whom they were attackcnl, 
"were ]_)revenLe(;l cmly by the uiti;]it, and the retreat of Sir 
Henry Clinton from renewing- the action, and sutt'ered in 
killed and wounded hss than their ailversarii's. 

Inde])eudeut of the loss sus;aine,l in achicni tlie 
British army was t'onsid^r.-ddy wi.^akened in its way 
from Philadidphia to ]Sew York About one hundi-ed 
prisoners -were mad(\ and near a tliousand soldiers, prin- 
cipalh' foreijj;ners, many of ^vln»m had married iji Phila- 
delphia, deserted the Prilish standard duriu^i;' the march. 

A\ hilst the armies '>\(Me traversintj; the Jerseys, 
Gates, Avho commanded on tln^ ]Sovth Pive]'. by a \^'e]l- 
timed and judicious movfjuent down the Hudson, threat- 
ened Xew York for tln^ ])ur|><>se of restraininsj,- the "gar- 
rison of that ])lace from reinforcin;:; Sir Henry (dinton- 
should such a measure l>e contemjilated. 

The conduct of Lee Avas ;4fn(n-;dly d;sap])r(n'ed. As, 
liowever, he had possessed a lai'^e share of the contr- 
dence of the commander-in-chief, it is ])vol)able that ex- 
planations miLdit hav;- l)ee)i made which would have res- 
cued liim from the imputatioiis east o!i him, and have 
restored him to the esteem of the army, could his 
liauu'htv temi)er have Vn'ooked tlie indiirnitv he believed to 
have heen offered hiia on the field of battle. Gener.d 
"\Yashin!j;t(Ui had taken no measures in conseij^uence of 
the events of that day and jtrobably would have come t':) 
no resolution concerniiii;' tluMU without ari amicabltM^xpla- 
nation had he not receiv(Ml fi-om Lee a letter, in very vin- 
becominu' terms, in which lie manifestly assumed the 
Rtati(jii of a su})erior, and n-ipiired rcparatifUi for the in- 
jury sustain(Ml from tlj^"" very s;n':j;ular expressions said to 
have been used on the <lay of the action by the com- 
inauder-in-chief. 



l-» " 



ltl«<l 



1G2 HISTOKY OF 3I()NM()LTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

This letter was ausvered by an assurauoe, tliat so 
soon as t'ireuuistanc-es would admit of au inquirv, he 
should have au opportunity of justifyin;.; liiiuself to the 
army, to Ameriea, and to the world in general, or of con- 
vincing them that he had been giiilty of disobedience of 
orders, and inisb(diavior before the enemy. On the same 
day, on Lee's ex})ressiug a wish for a speedy investiga- 
tion of his conduct, and for a court martial rather than a 
court of inquiry, he was arrested : 

First, For disobedience of orders in not attacking the 
enemy on the -iSth of .Tur.e, agreeably to repeated instruc- 
tions. Secondly, For misbehavior before the enemy on 
the same day, :'u making an unnecessary, disorderly and 
shameful retreai. Thinlly, F(jr disrespect to the ct)m- 
mander-iu-ehicf in lv,o letters. Before this corres]ioud- 
ence had takc^i pl;ico, str<,>ng and specitic clnirges of mis- 
conduct had been mad':' against Geaerai Lee by several 
olHcers of his detachment, and particular]}' l:>y GeueraLi 
AVayne ;ind Si'ott. Li tliese tlie transactions of the ihiy. 
not being well understood, were re})resented in colors 
much more unfavorable to Lee than facts would justify. 
Tliese representati(ujs, most probably produced the 
strength of tli' t'X[)ressious contained ii; the second ar- 
ticle of tlie chargi\ A court martial was soon called. 
over which Loid Sjirling presided; and after a full in- 
vestigatic^n, Lee was fe>uud guilty of all the tdiarges ex- 
hibited against hiju. and sentenced to be suspend<-d for 
one year. Thi- sentence was afterwards, though with 
some hesitation, ajiproved. almost unanimously by i'(ju- 
gress. Tlie court softi'ued. in scune degree, the severit}' 
of the seconiL (diame liy linding 1dm guilty, not in its 
V(.M-\ ^^•o]•ds, but of misbeliavior bed'ore the enemy, by 
inaki]ig an uuiiecessarv. ajid, in some few inst.-vnces, a. 
disorderly letreat. 

Lee defendi'd himself with his accustonu'd ability. 
He sag^est'Ml a \avievy of reasons justifving his retreat, 
which, if tlie\ .lo not absohiteb.- establisli its pi-opriety, 
g'ive it so ([Uestiotiabl" a form ;ts tei rc-nder it ]'robable 
that a j)ablic e\aniinati()n v\-ould never have taken })lace, 



^Ii.c ;. . I • 



t' . -I 



THE liATTLK OF MoN^rorxji. 1(;3 

could liis proud s[)irit Iiuvo stoo]tod to ollor explanation, 
instead of outra<i;e, to tlio commandev-in-cliief. 

From "■ Dawson's Battles of the Ignited States,'' this 
most important incident of the dav is thns (h'ScriLed : 

AVhile Creneral "Washinu-ton's faithful and intelli^-ent 
secretary Colonel Harrison. Avas engaged in the front, en- 
deavoring- to ;!>eertain ihe cause of the retreat, Gene^'al 
Washington u'ivs not less active in seeking- information 
and in checking the retreat. Riding forward and accost- 
ing the several commandaiits of regiments as he met 
them, he received the same negative answers and the 
same evidences of dissatisfaction that his secretary had 
received, until in the rear of tlie retreating- column he 
met tlie commands of Colonels Ranisay and Stewart. 
Calling these officers to him and telling them that he 
"should depend upon them that day to give the euemv 
a check," he directiHl (reneral Wayne to form them with 
two pieces of artillery on their right, and hold theenemv 
in ch&ck. At this instant the guilty author of the mis- 
chief, General J^ee. rode up, and the commander-in-chief 
demanded, in the sternest manner, "' V.'hat is the mean- 
ing of all this, sir?" Disconcerted and crushed under 
the tone and [orril)le appearance of his chief. General 
Lee could do nothi)ig more than stammer, " Sir, sir "? " 
AVhen, with more vehemence and with a still moi'e indi---- 
nant expression, the question Avas re})eate(k A hurried 
explanation was attemjtted — his troops had been misled 
1)}' contradietory intelligence, his otHcers had disobeved 
his orders, and he had not felt it his duty to oppose the 
whole force of the enemy with the detachment un- 
der his command. Further remarks were made on both 
sides, and closing the interviev,- with calling General Lee 
a "damned poltroon,"''" the comrjiander-in-chief hastened 
l>ack to the high ground between the meeting house and 
the bridge, a\ heie he formed the reginn-nts of Colonels 
Shreve, Patterson. ( h'ayson, Livingston, Cillev and 0'>-- 



* Tin's Ktatcnipjit is riiadr nii the authoritr of Gonrrul La Fayf>tt(-. wlm t'avp it oii 
tiic iii.i/za of tlj.' rcsidru'.-i) of Viri-iir,-.-,!.!. m, Daiiifl J). Toiiii>k;!is. SuimIhv irKuii- 
iii«. AiiriiKt I--.. )H>i. General Lii Fayette ir-tc-rreil to it an the only iustance wlu-rt-iii 
lio had JR-aril tlio (■■••iieral .s»iiai'. 



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164: HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

cleii, and the left wiujj; under ]j(>rd Stlrliii<j;. When the 
first line of troo})s Juul ]:»een formed on the heights, (ren- 
eral Washington rode u]) t(^ General Lee and im^uirtnl in 
a calmer toue, " Will yon I'etji.in the command on this 
height or not '? If ytni Avdl, I will return to tlie main 
body and liave it fornn:^d on the next height." Cxeneral 
Lee accepted the command ; ^vhen, giving up the com- 
mand, General Washington remarked, " I ex])ect yon 
Avill take proper means for cliecking the enemy," and 
General Lee ])rcmiised, "Y(nir orders shall he obeyed; 
and T shall not be the first to leave the ground." 

The attention of General AA ashington was no<\v turned, 
principally to the north River, towards wliich the march 
of his army was directed, with the intention of continu- 
ing some time about Haverstj'aw. And soon after he 
crossed the ]Sorth liiver to AVhite Plains. 

After remaining a few days on the high grounds of 
Middletown, Sir Henry C'lijiton })roceedeil to Sandy 
Hook, whence lie passe;! his army over to New York. 
This transit was eilected by means of a ticet under Ijord 
Howe, which had arrived ofi" the Hook on the '28t}i of 
June. 

I'pon the day of battle the French fleet, undm- Count 
D'Estaing, liaving on board a respectalde l)odv of land 
forces, made the ctjast otf' Chincoteague Inlet. Had it 
arrived a few days earlier its supt^rior force would have 
shut Lord Howe and the British fieet in the Delaware, 
an<l the censure of the army under Sir Henrv Olinton 
would, pro])ali]3, have followed. The Count proceeded 
to Sandy Hook for the -[jurpose of attacking tlie British 
fleet in port, and should this be found imp.racticable, to 
make an attemj>t on Khode Island. The first was de- 
feated l)y the shoalncss of the bar at the mouth (:»f the 
liarbor.- 

Auother account of tlie battle closes by stating that 
after the terrible reprimand of General L-^e by the C^om- 
mander-m-i-hief, that othcer, however much he had 
erred, bore himself with gn-at, thouj^h boastful gal- 
lantry thi-oughout the renuiinder of the action. Enough, 



: ..I '" 



Mf. lit: 



THE BATTLE OF MONMOUTH. IGo 

that from tlie moment of Wasliiugtou's eoraini:::, however 
hartl to niulo the eri'or of an liour, the tide of Ijatth' re- 
mained at a standstill if it did not at once tiow in favor 
of tlie jjatrioto. When the ni.^lit fell the })alm of assured 
victorv was almost within the grasp of the patriot com- 
mande)-, and only the one question remained whether 
C'linto]) was or was not too nauch crippled to resume his 
march towards Sandy Hook. Only the hroken character 
of the ground thwarted AVashingtou's intention of test- 
ing his strength hy yet another attack after nightfall ; 
Avith such impediments, and in the exhausted state of 
his trot)])s, the second attack was deferred until morning. 
Both forces lay on their arms very neai- each other, but 
a little west of Monmouth Court Hons -, when the night 
came on ; hnt when the morning broke the British camp 
was deserted and the harassed liosts of Clinton were be- 
yond the Court House and out of reach, having left 
so silently that even Creneral Poor, in command of 
the American ad^ anced corjis, had no snspicion of the 
intention (jr its fultillmeut. With this departure and 
virtual escape of the British, necessarily the comljat 
was at an end. Clint<jn })ursued his way by the hills 
of Middletown to Sjiudy Hook, and the tieet of Lord 
Howe, whicli bore his troo])s away to New York; 
and Washington — his enemy driven from the Jerseys 
if no more — marched nortln\ard with his army to Xew 
Brunswick, and thence to the Hudson. 

The enemy's loss, it is said, was Lieutenant-Colonel 
Hon. H. Alonckton, Captain Gore, Lieutenaiits Yaughan 
and Kennedy, four sergeants and litty-s'^ven rank and 
file killed ; three sergeants and fifty-six rank and file 
died from fatigue ; Colonel Trelawney, Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel 8imco(\ Major (rardner, Captains Catluart, Bereton, 
Willis, Leigh ton, Powell, Bellue and Ditmas, and Lieu- 
tenants Kelly, Paumier, Crorofie, Desborough and Gil- 
christ, seven sergeants, one hundred ami forty-eight 
rank and file \vound»Ml ; and seven sergeants and sixty- 
one rank and file missini^.'- The American armv lost 



The militia haU rctiuued to their boiuea immecliutely after the action. 



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' .I'lJ.r V. 



166 His;T(n;Y of monmoutii and ocean counties. 

Lienten;iDt-('olnuel Bomior. Majr,]' Dickiuscm, three cap- 
talus, tliree litniteuaut.s, 0:1.^ srM'ueant, seven inatrosses. 
one boiiil)anlu-r auil tiftv-"\vo rank and tile killed; two 
colonels, nine captains, six lientenaiits, one ensimi. one 
adjutant, nine serL^eauts. one gunner, tm niatrosses and 
one liuudiT'd and twenty-two rank and lile wonnal^'d ; 
live ser<:;oants, one niatr'jss, and one Imndredand twenry- 
six rank and tile niissinu;, many of whom, who had l>een 
overcome Ity the heat, afterwai-ds came in. 

OLD TIMES IX OLD M(JNMorTH. 



OLD MONMOrTil THE ITONEEJl OF liEEIOIOUS TOLFJIATION. 

Kvery citi/en of old ]\ionnn)uth has jnst canse to lie 
proud of the fact that tlie ori-inal pat'-Mitees were ann.mg 
the iirst ir. America to ,L!;ai;mtee t<»hn;dion to all settlers 
in religious matters. In lUnxh^ Island, while Roger "Wil- 
liams advocated "a free, full and absolute lilierty of ron- 
science,"' it is charged that Koman Catholii-s weie ex- 
cepted in tlie charter of IGIJ:]. The much vauutinl toler- 
ation act of 3iaa-yland limited toleration to "all who 1)e- 
lieved in Jesus Christ. ' \A'illiani Teiin did not arri^"e 
in America uritil LJctolx^-, l(i8'2, nearly eighteen years after 
the Monnif/Uth patentees declared that every settler 
shouhl have Fi:ee LuiEKi'V of ('onsciexce vrFinoFT any 

MOLESTATION Ol; DiSTUELiANCE WHATSuEVE]! IN THE WAY oF 
THEIE WOKSHIP. 

HEYOLUTION VEY TIMES — SOME TEF^SONAE FvE3[ENTSrENrE?. 

This section of New Jersey is e>:ceptionallv rit-h in 
reminiscences of the past, extending from the colonial 
times down tc the present. Tht.^ ge()graphical situation 
of Monmouth (/(»uuty has always exposed its eastern por- 
tion to the furious sweep of st(U"m an<l tem[)est, and at 
the same time, left it 0])en to the ravages of the enemv, 
whenever invohr-d in loreii^-n war. This was peculiarlv 
the case in tJie wai- of IHV*. when the I^)ritisli cruisers lav 
ofi the coast, ami hold -;acJi a constant menace (n"er the 
section, tlml nrav of tli' citizens were drafted, hut A\ere 
ordered to hohl then.iseh'-s in i-eadiness t(j repel invasion. 



OLD TLMKS IN MOX.Me^UTH. 1G7 

Judge John* S. Foumax, a former Jiidij;e of Moumoutli 
county, a hale old man of vi<4()rous frame, wlio^e memory 
ran l)at'k almost four score years, bad a Avide and accu- 
rate kuowlediic of the Iristory of Monmouth for a century 
previous and whose father hlcw a life at the IJattle of 
Monmouth, in June. ITTS. related the following-: "I was 
then only a lad of tldrteen or fourteen years." said the 
Judge. "I liave often heard my father describe tlie battle. 
The day was fearfully ]iot. and my father was bh^wing 
■with all his ndght, Avhen the buttle became fiercer and 
fiercer, an<l it drev,- more of his attention tlian did the 
music. While he stood tiius, his uncle, Colonel Samuel 
Forman. mounted u])o]i a white horse, halteil within a 
short distance, and Ix-gan e-iving (U'ders to some officers 
near him. His nephcM', still holding his fife to his nn^uth, 
stood with idle ti]]gers, staring and listening, and forget- 
ful entirely of his own duty. All at once the Colonel 
spui'red his rliarger up to the young man. and making a 
sweep at hiii' with his sword rhnndered out, ' \ou little 
rascal, if von don't till th;it hte and keei).time. 111 run 
you through.' \oung I'oi'inan 'keijt time' until the whist- 
ling of the bullet.s ;uhl the thunder of the cannon ended 
and Washington drove {he British from the held. 

"It was a favorite custom of the English cruisevs to 
send a liarge .-sshore. at sonn^ ptnnt on the coast, kill and 
dress a ninidi'-r of cjitth'. and take the beef back t(^ the 
ship with theui. On o]i(> c)f these occasions. \\ hen a barge 
was aiming for Ijarnegat, two tishermen were engaged ou 
sl-'ore. One of them natur;dlv enough took to the Avoods, 
and kept out of sight r.ntil tliev wei'e gone. The other 
was a well-renieudiered cliai'acter, known as (reorge Ha- 
vens, suj^posed liy man_\ to l)e underwitted, bat. as ir, oftiMi 
the case, with a certain vein of shrewdness and cunning 
that more fliaii om-e made ]dm a match fi>r those who 
A\ere su})})os"d to be more highly endowi'd than he, he 
dete)-nunt'<l to v.ait ami s^-e the ]Ji-itish, (piite coniiilent 
that he e(ndd ladl through any ti'oubh} i]ito which he 
was likely to ;_^t. Ha\ens had a thin, scjueaking voice, 
and wjien tJie Iv.i^iish landfd. he made them a low obeis- 



168 HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

ance, as if deliglited to meet them. Gatlieriug arouiul 
the old man, they instautly hesieped him with questions. 
They -wished to know whether there was any American 
force near at hand, and pointiuo- to the masts of some 
vessels that could be seen several miles uj) the bay, they 
gave him to understand that they meant to luini them, 
and unless he piloted them across to the bay, he would 
be shot. Havens, with mouth and eyes wide open, lis- 
tened to nil they had to say. and then. Ids face lit up, as 
he replied that they were correct. Ho had often foiind 
the nests of sea gulls himself, in the sand along shore, it 
being their custom to lay two. three and sometimes four 
eggs. The exasperated foragers plied him with other 
questions, but a deafer man than Havens Avas never seen. 
To every inquiry he returned the most ridiculous an- 
swers, and when they orilered Inin to help kill and dress 
some of the cattle ])rowsin'4- near, he still was unable to 
comprehend their meaning. When they were ready to 
eml)ark, the old man was frightened to hear tln^m discuss 
whether they should take him along as a prisoner or not. 
The officer in charge was desirous of carrying him aboard 
ship, as were a nui)d»e)' of his subordinates; V)at, after 
quite an extemlod debate, they conchnh^d that he was too 
deaf to be of any use, and he was left. 

"Tiie American coasters hiding in tho rivers and in- 
lets were constantlv on the lookout for a chance to slij) 
out and run up to \ew ''t'ork, with their cargoes of M-(^od 
and material that Avere in gri'fit demand. l>uiing a storm 
I have fre(pLrnt!y stood on the l»eacli, and looking out t) 
sea, have heen unable to detect a singh' sail. It is then 
that all prudent navigators make haste to get out of 
sight of the .Jersey coast. It v/as on such occasions as 
these, that the little American vessels stole cautiouslv 
out of the iidet, and crowded all sail for New York. It 
was assuming', grr^at risk, but, if successfn.l, the\' were 
sure of making a handsome proht on their cargo, and all 
were eager to take the (.■l)anc(\ 

'"I was down in the meadows," saitl the Ju'lg(\ "one 
dav in the month of Julv, iSi:;, when I noticed that a 



OLD TIMES IX MONMOUTH. IGO 

British brig; that liad l^eoii stamliiiji; on and oft' shore for 
a luimber of weeks, had all s;'.il crowded on, and was 
heading almost directly in. As tlu> white foam curled 
away from her prow, it was easy to see that she was 
coming with great speed, or there Avas some mischief 
afoot. A glance northward told what it meant. Two of 
our sloo})s, after m.akiug the run into New York, were 
creeping down the coast, hoping to reach slielter unol»- 
servod, vrhen the hrig sighted them and instantly spread 
every stitch of canvass for the purpose of cutting them 
off. Well knowing their peril, the coasters ran with des- 
perate haste for Stjuan lid^r, certain tliat if they could 
once get in there, all danger would be at an end. Tlius 
all three were heading t(^ward the same point, and at one 
time they were about e(pii-dista.ijt. The sloops were mucli 
the faster, and had everything been favorable, would 
have effected their escajie ; but, when they turned to run 
into the inlet, tlie vrater was too low. There Vv-as a heavy 
thump, and. as the bmvs lurched upward, we could see 
that l)uth were immo\ably grounded The crews were in 
the boats in a twinkling, and in a few minutes later landed 
safely. 

"The brig approached as close as was prudent, and 
then opened tire upon the h(d})less sloops. The shots 
were well directed, and the luill and ligging were s[)lin- 
tered and l^attered until it seemed as if they were totally 
destroyed. St^me i;)f the shots passed over the bluff, and 
struck a mile or t\V(^ inland. They fell all about the 
liouse of Uncle Tommy Cook, and one of them. I recol- 
lect, jnst grazeel the top of his barn and ploughed u]) the 
field beyond. Thev were not chai'v of their shots either, 
but ke]>t hammering av.ay at the sloops, until certain 
they were destroyed, they witlub-f'w to watch for other 
daring coaste^-s that nriglit be prowling along slnu'e. 
After tln'y wei'e out oi the way. and tlie tide had risen, 
we got tlie s]oo]is over the bar and up the inlet, v/here 
they Wine )e))airi'd and used for \ears afterward. T'hree 
thonsand tuo hundred ]iiiunds of shot wei-e picke<l u[) lu 
the sliapc (*f cannon bi'dls. 1 remember that we expected 



170 HI.STOliV OF MciNMOUJ'H AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

tlic Biitisli would iund that iiit;ljt, am] there were a hun- 
dred anil t ii^litv of us under arms, and on the hjokout. We 
woiddhave given a go(^d deal to induce rhem to do s(.. hut 
they were all very timid al)out venturing on shore, andpn^- 
ferred to dro]) a shot now and thou upon us, from their 
men-of-war, or to land only long enough to steal a feu- 
cattle and make off again." 

Among revolutionary im-idents is one giving an aeeount 
of the shooting of a m.'torious lioise tlnef and torv 
named ronton. He \\as a sort of Modoe, who \\as in 
constant einumunieation with the IJritish, and took a 
devilish pleasure in leading them against his neighbors, 
many of whojn were utterly ruined thr(jugh his treach- 
ery. A ccuiple of Americans COL ceaied themselves under 
some hay anill);u-rids in a wag',>]i, while a third, under the 
guise of an honest farmer, rattled otV down the road Itv a 
house where Fenton was reported to l)e. Xot suspecting- 
the trap set for Idm, the miscreant summoned the wagon 
to halt, st't dowu his gun. and siarted out to take posses- 
sion of the stores that lie supposed were in the vehicle. 
He had just thi'own one foot over t!n^ fence, when the two 
meii in c(.-ncealnient rose up and shot him dead. Jud'.'-e 
Forman stated to mt; that his father's housekeeper was 
standing only a few feet away at this nmrneut, and saw 
the wretch uieet his doom in the luanner d^'.-^cri]»ed. 

THE ATTACK ()X THE EUS.SELL FAMILY. 



This outrage was an un-isuallv aggi-a\;ited one even 
for tJje Fiefugees, and tin- particuia'.s will sjiow why JMuL 
White was afraid that he would l>e hung if he reached 
Freehold, .jolin Itussell, 'Uie of hi^, guards, :d\ov the 
war, removed to old J,)over townslijp. near Cedar ("reek, 
and his descendants uow li\-e at Jiaruegat. 

Thi' following extia.ct is frora th'- 2New Je]-sev 6'..':r,Yr, 
puMish"d dui-i.i;g rhe I'o'volution : 

"On the ;;!)th ot .\i)]'A, IVso. a paity of negroes and 
Fiefugees from Saiidy Ih.ok landed a.t Shrewshury in 
oi-der to i)l!inde)-. huiing iheir excursion, a ^Iv. luisscdl, 



I.,t I. 



i\ :, I ' 



( ' 1. . o - M fi; 



THE ATTACK OX THE KUSSELL FAMILY. 171 

who attenijittHl some rcsistnuce to tlioii- de})reilati(;)iis, 
was killed, ;iiul bis ^ramlchild had tive halls shot tlir(>u>;li 
liiin, l»ut is yet liviiirr. Captain A\'avner, of the privateer 
hriif Elizabeth, was made prisoner l)y these ruffians, l)ut 
u'as released by i>;'.^iiiL;' them two and a half joes. This 
banditti also took ott' several prisoners, amon<j; whom 
were Captain James Cireeu and khisign John M<jrris, of 
the militia."' 

The followini.'; is from Hewes' Collections : 

"Mr. liussell was an elderly man, aged about sixty 
years. As the party entered his dwelling, winch was in 
the nigjit, he tired and missed. William (Tillian, a native 
of Shrewsbury, their leadei', seized the old gentleman by 
the collar, and was in the act of stabl)ing him in the face 
and eyes with a bayonet, when the tire blazed up and, 
shedding a momentary light upon the scene, enabled the 
younger Pvusscll, avIio lay wounded on the floor, t(> shoot 
Gillian. John Farnham, a nativ(^ of Middletowu, there- 
upon aimed his musket at tlu^ young man, but it was 
knocked up by Li[)pencott, who had married into the 
family. The jiarty theii Avent oft". The child was acci- 
dentally W(Tunded in the ati'ray." 

The Lippenccjtt alcove nnuiticuied, we presume, was 
Ca|)tain llichard Li})})cncott, A\ho subsecjut^ntlv had the 
command of tlic paity which lumgenl Captain J(jshua 
Hiuhly. John riiissell. mentioried above as having been 
wouiuled. and v>ho subs.MpUMitly was one of Phil. AVhiies 
guard, li\ed to (piiit> an advanced age. at Cedar CrtM-k, 
and his ac-count of the aliair, as related to the late Cap- 
tain Ephialm Atcheson. was substantially as follows; 

"There were seven liefu^ecs, and he (.[ohm saw 
th(?m tli)-ough till- wimh.'w. and at one time they got so 
tliat he told his i.tther he could kill four of them, and he 
wished to tire, as he believed, the othei- three would run. 
His father persuaded him not to tire. Out to do so wht-ri 
they bioke into the lionse. WIk'u they broke iu, the 
father tlre;t lirsl, but misseil his aim. He was thoi tired 
U])on and killed. John Ibissell tlnvi lired npon aiid 
kilh^l Cijiiar.. who had shot liis tatlier. Durine the 



172 HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

affray John "was shot iu the side, auJ the scnrs of the 
wouud were visible until his (h^alh. After being woundr-d 
he fell on the tioor and ]VL-etended to be dead. The 
I'efngees then went to plundering the house. The 
mother and wife of -lohn were lying in bed with the child. 
The cdiild awoke and asked : " (ri'andniother. what's the 
•matter?" A Eefugee pointed his gun at it and tired, au<l 
said, 'That's what's the matter I" Wliether he intended 
to wound the chihl or only tt) frighten it is uncertain, but 
the child, as l)efore stated, \v;is badly wounded, Init 
eventually recovered. As the liefugees were preparing 
to leave, one of theii' number ])ointed his musket at J()]in 
Iiussell as he lay ou the floor, ;uul was about again fu-ing 
at him, saying he didn't believe he was dead yet, where- 
iijton anorh(>r, probably Li}>])encott, knocked up tlie 
musket, saying it was a shame to tire u])<:m a dving man. 
and the load went into tln^ ceiling. After the liefugees 
were gone, John got u[) and had his wounds dressed, and 
exclaimed to his wife : ' Ducky I bring me a glass of 
whiskey ; I'll come out all right yet.' He did come out 
all right, and before the war ended he aided in visiting 
merited I'etribution on the liefugees for their doina;s at 
this time. ^\'lien sonn- two years later he aided in the 
capture oi riiil. \'\'hit(', one of the partv who killed his 
father, it is not probahle lliat he desired his deaili be- 
fore reaching Freeiiold, as it ^\■as (juitt- certain justice 
would be meted out to him there. ( )f the seven Ivi'fngefs 
concerned in tlie attack on ^hc liussell family, ac least 
three met wiih, their just ileserts. viz: (TiHian, killed at 
the time ; l-'ariiham, sid>stMjuently ca|)tured and hanged 
at Freehold; und Phil. White, killed while attempcin.g 
to escape."' 

PHIL. ^>\ HITE S CAPTPPE *AX]) DEATH. 



Among Some old ;-(3S!dents. the ]-{efng.-e ver.>ion of 
Phil. White's (h>alh at one tiiiu- si-enu-d so far accepted 
as to ii!ij>Iy a b. lief in wanton cruelty to \Vhite, and 
Howf-s' Histoiical C'olkn-tioii seems iin-line<l to favor the 



PHIL, white's captuue and death. 173 

same belief. J3ut tlioy seem uot to luive been aware that 
the whole matter was thoronglily investigated by both 
the British and Americans shortly after it occurred, and 
the evitlence, subse([iieiitly tiled in the State De[)artment 
at AYashiugton, conclusively pr('vcs the falsity of the 
Refugee assertions of wanton cruelty. This evidence is 
given in full in a report riiade to Congress, February 14, 
1837, on a report relating to pension claims of Captain 
Joshua Huddy's heirs. Annnig the ailidaviis taken and 
forv/arded to General Washington were those of Aaron 
Wliite, a brother oi Phillii) AMiite, wlio was taken 
prisoner v.itli hiiii, Jolai North, "William Borden and 
John Ilussell, v^ho were his guards. AVhiie was captured 
near I;ong Branch, and the guartl was ordered to take 
him to Freehold. Before starting lie was told if lie at- 
tempted to escape he would be sliot down. When be- 
tween C(jlt's Neck and Fn^ehold. White slip[)ed oil' his 
horse and made for the u'cjoos; the guards calh/d on him 
to sto[). l)ut he refused to halt and they lired on him ; 
the ball tired by Inu'den wounded him and he f(dl on Ids 
hands and knees, but got u}) and ran for the woods, but 
Noi'th leap'-'d a feiice on horseback and Invaded him off 
when he made f<,>r a bog ; North jum[)ed fr<,m his liorse, 
drop[>ed Ids gun and pursue'd liim with drawn sw< )rib and 
overtook him ; \Mjite would not stop, and Xivrtlj struck 
at him with the sv.'ord which wountled liim in the face, 
and White fell, c]-ying that In^ was a dead mail. Bxirden 
repeatedly called •' White, if you will give u[) you shall 
have quarters yet.'" W Ijites !>odv was talcen to Fre«diold. 
and the evidence of (leiieial i)a\ id Forinan and otliers 
who saw th(> body, showed that lie had received no otiier 
wounds hut the gun slu)t in his bieast ;ind cuts of a 
sword on his face. 

The, ju'o1)abilit\ is thai Phil. A\'hite suj»posed if lie 
was taken to Fi'cehold jad, thai he would be tiicd an^l 
hanged for his [;ai'ticii'atiou iii tiu^ murd'-r of the fathei- 
of John .lbiss(dl, •..•lie of his gu;u'ds, and the attemjit to 
kill Jlusstdl Jdmself, as well as in oilier ndsdemeaiiors, 
and so lie det'-rmined to Xvy to r-sca])e, and he made the 



174 nisTOiiY nr .MDNMeiuni, and ocean counties. 

eiYm't at a [jlju-e A\lu-re lie tli(ju;j,lit the woods, fences, 
]jiarsli and brook wmiul im])eJe tlu- light liorsenien. 

MAXXAH1\\'KTX IN THE EEVOLFTIOX. 



THE r.AXDOEPHS, CUAXE.S, .TOirXSOXS AND OTHEllS — MEANING 
OE THE XA.AiE ^IaXXAIIAWKIX, »V('. 

Probably no ])laee i]i old ^Monnioutli furnished a 
greater numljer of men in |)ro]>(n'tion to population for 
the service of the country during the Revolutiorj than 
did Mannaliawkin. Ca[)tain lleuheu Randolph Avho 
owned the ]>ul)iic house on tlie site of the one at present 
occupied l)y ^Ir. .jc/scph 11. A\ illdus. was, with his heroic 
band of militia, M'rv active in guarding against Tory out- 
rages at hoint' as vrell as abroad. Among thost- who 
nobly stood by him besides his own two sons, Thomas 
and rb)!), \Tfr<^ thi^ ancestors of manv well-known families 
now residiiig in tliat village, annnig Avhons nmy be 
named, the ("rancs, Bennetts, Johnsoiis. Pangbnrns, 
Browns, Ijctts, llayvrrxxls, Pauls and others. 

At one time it was runitjrt'd that l'.,icon A\"itli a party 
of refugei's was coming to ^lannahawkin on a plundering 
expeilition, and such oi the memb.'rs of the militia as 
eonid 'be notihcd wc}e hastily sumnnmed together at 
Captain Piandolj)h"s house to prcpar(> ti> liieet them. The 
militia }'c-maijii'd ku the alert the greater pa.rt of the 
night, but lindirig tlic Tmlcs faih'd to make their ap])ear-- 
ance, tiicy concluded it v\-as a false alarm and retired to 
sleep afcer ;i]>]i.)intiiig ^^entinels. JT'rom th(:> best informa- 
tion now tibtaiued it is nn)st prob;i])le rliat Jeremiah 
Penin-tt and .b)b Ihindolph wei-.' sejitiaels on one post 
and Setii <.'i';i]ie and S;vmuel lMMi]!<'tt on another, and 
Captain liandolpli iuuiself also vol anteering. 

The r(d'uge('s canu' down the ro;ul from towai'ds 
.Parnegat and tlu' tirst intimation tic sentinels -stationed 
near tlu> iJiiptist cliurtdi had of their comine" was by 
hearini; their bayonets strike togethiM' a< they were march- 
ing. Tiie S'Mitiiu'ls hiilt<'d h»ng enou.gii to see tliat the 
party was cpiite hirge, nundu'i-ing perha])s thii'ty or forty, 



If.'/ >/^ -/-Wyi .< 



,) .1. 



■ I ■ ., . 7,' J I , ■ ' • ^ I . ! 



'1 .„. v.. ,!..!. 



, I 



MANNAHA^VKIX I\ THE IIEVOLUTION. 17-3 

and firiiio;, van across the tiolds to the public lirnise io 
give the ahirm. By the time tho tV'^v inilitiainen wove 
aroused. tl;e refuo-ees v.ere abreast of the house, and he- 
fore t]ieyo(»uid form, they were tired upon and Lyons P:ing- 
burn was killed and Sylvester Tilton severelv wounded, 
both men belonging to Captain l{andolpirs companv. 
The militia were compelled to retreat dmvn the lane bi^- 
fore they could organize, when finding the refugees well 
armed and nearly doidile their nundiei-. they were reluct- 
antly compelled to dci-line pursuing them. The refugees 
made but a shiu't, if any halt, and passed down the road 
towards AVest Creek. In the ]';'.rty Avith Bacon was tlie 
same Englishnmn, AVilson, alluded to in the case of 
Keuben Soper in a previous cha|)ter, and also a man 
named BrcAver. 

Tilton, who was so severely wounded, miraculouslv 
recovered, although the l:)all passed clear through him, 
going in l)y one sliotdder and out on a little one side of 
his breast ; the physician, as is well authenticated, 
passed a silk handkerchief completely through the 
wound. Severed of our citizens yet living often saw tlie 
scars of this Avoun(L Sometime after the war was over 
Tilton renioved to Colt's Neck, where it is l)elieved some 
of liis descendants now live. He alwa^'s bolicned that 
Brewer was the nian win) wtjunded him, and as after the 
war ]5rewer had tho hardihood to i-cmain in the vicinity-, 
Tilton determined to punish him, and did give him a 
severe chastisement. One traibltion of tlds punishment 
is, that Avhtni Tilton found out Avhere Brewer was, he 
started after him unarmed. On his way lie met James 
Willetts then quite a noted and highly esteemed Quaker, 
who, upon fnidinj^ out Tilton's errand, v;iinl\' pursiiaded 
liim to turn back; finding he would Jiol, AVilhtts asked 
permissirjn to go along, ho]/ing sometliiiig would tnru up 
to make a peaceable end of the atfaii-. Tilton wilHngly 
accepted his coimtany, but ]^lum]i!y ti'ld him if he intei'- 
fered he w(;rdd tlo^ lihu, too. An-ixing at the house wliere 
Brev.er was, 'i'ilton suddenly o])('ncd tl?e door and rushed 
toward him and gras|)ed him before he could (juite reach 



I !'•>/> >f >c. 



176 insTouY OF MOXMorxii and ocean counties. 

liis musket whieli Le li:ul kept ready expeetiug sucli a visit. 
Tilton (lrai:ij]!;ed liiin to tlie door and puinnielled liiin to 
his hearts i-ontent ; telling hini. "You scoiindrel, you 
tried to kill nie once, and I mean now iu settle with you 
for it. 1 want you now to leave here and follow the rest 
of the refugees." (Most of tlie refugees had then gone 
to Xtna Scotia!. 

Two unarmed memlters <A this militia company of 
Maunahawkin one time captured three refugees each 
armed Avith muskets! The following were the circum- 
staiices: Seth Crane and David J</hnsonhad heen fishing; 
as their hoat lay alongside of the meadovrs on their re- 
turn, the tliree refugt^es came down to the l>oat and the 
leader leaniiig his musket against the side of the l)oat 
step])ed al)oard and went aft and jucked out a lot of the 
finest fish and s.iid he meant to lutve them. Crane told 
him he couldn't without paying for them ; the refugee 
said he would take them by force. Crane, quick as a 
flash, picked wy an eel s]>eai and liold it over him, told 
him to drop the tish or he would run it in him. Seeing 
a serious fight now before them, .T<:)huson who stood on 
the meadows l>y the f»ther two tories instantly knocked 
one of them with liis powerful hst into the salt })Oud, 
musket and all, then grasped the niusket leaning against 
the boat, In'ought it to liear upon the other who was so 
startled by the unexpected turn of arfairs that lie had 
started to lun and told him to dro]i his musket instantly, 
or he Avould shoot ; the terrified man did as ordered. 
Johnson and Crane then t.x^k the muskets ; the refugees 
were let go with a reasonal)le warning against ;>gaiu at- 
tempting to steal tish. 

The uotoi'ious Joliu Bacon, the refugee leader, had 
before tlie war worked a year or so in the Crane familv 
as a farm lalxuer. 

It is sjiid that (jii another eveuiiiL!: a ])iomiuent Whig 
named Silas Crane, of the same family as Seth, was severe- 
ly wounded at his own house. It 1>eing warm weather, 
tlie front door was op,en and also a window on the op- 
posite side (jf the room by which Crane sat. Happening 



MANXAHAAVKIX IX THE REVOLUTIOX. 177 

to look out of the ilo<or lie p;ot a glimpse of two or three 
men with iniisketH, A'C, and knowiii^^ the refuj^oes had 
threatened hiui, lie sprang out the window ; as he_inin[)ed 
he A\ ;i>^ tired np(^u and tliough severely wounded in the 
thigh managed to escape. Captain Randolpli himself at 
ojie time was surprised, taken j)risoner an<l taken to a 
swamp and tied to a tree, l)ut managed to escape. He 
and his brave comrades just previous ti> the hattle of 
Monmouth, marched on foot, though the wt3ather was 
most intensely hot, to join Washington's force, l)ut were 
unexpectedly })re vented from joining him in season ; tra- 
ditionary accounts fail to give a reason for their going so 
near yet not ;ictually participating, yet the history of 
that battle and Washington s disposition of his forces 
satisfactorily ac counts for it. Washington had stationed 
General Morg'au at Shn mar's ^Nlills with positive orders 
not to move until he should again hear from him, and 
through that ever memorable day ^Morgan Avas compelled 
to listen to the distant tiring and burned with im])atience 
for orders to join, but the orders did not c(uue. The 
Mannahawkiu militia when they got to Shumar's Mills 
would most probably l)e placed under Morgan's com- 
mand and this would account for their not participating. 
The goodly village of Maunahawkin is fertile in in- 
teresting local reminisjences. The name of Manuahawkin 
is an Indian word signifying ■' good corn lajid ;" its his- 
tory shows it could also boast of its good men. In the 
company vx'hi'^h lately left that village for the seat of war 
it is gratifying as well as sigiiiiicant to see among them 
so many descendants of active heroes of the revolutitm ; 
it proves them worthy sons of noble sires. 

A PATllIOT WOT'XDED ; AXOTHER CAPTURED — THE MAX'XA- 
HAWKIX MILITIA, AXP THE BATTLE OF MOXMOLTH. 

Another account says that one v/arm summer even- 
ing during the war there bad been religious services at 
the church at Mannahavvken. After services the minister 
went home with one of the Cranes (Silas Crane, we think 
it was,) when the minister and Crane sat conversin<;- until 



17S HISTORY OF MON.N[oUj JI AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

liito ill tl)o PYOiiiiig. Tlie front door was (^})Oii, ami also 
a window on tlif o}i])osit(' side of the r(/oni, hy wliicli 
Crane sat. At lenotii. Iiaj)p(-ninj4 to iook at tiie front 
door, Crane "ot the !'limi)se of two rir three men with 
muskets, a.id knowiuij; the Fiefugees had threatened his 
life, ho SjOrriiii;- t]irou>;h tiie l^aek window. As lie jumped 
lie was fired upmi, and though severely woundoil in the 
thigh he managed to escape. 

Tilt' notorious llefugee leader, John Bacon, it is said, 
worked as a farm lal)orer, a year or t^^o for the Crane 
family, Lefore the war. 

Captain Eandolph and his heroic militia, just ]n'e- 
vious to lilt' hattle of Monmoutli, marched on foot, 
though the ^\•eatller was intenselv hot. to ioin Washing- 
ton's forces Ijeyond Freehold, but were unexpectedly 
|)revented from engaging in the battle. Traditi(jn fails 
to give a reason why they went so near and yet did not 
partici}iate. but the history of the battle and of Wash- 
ington's disposition of his forces suthcieiitly explain it. 
Washington had stationed General Morgan at Shumar's 
Mill's (near Blue BalT), with jiositive instructions not to 
move until he should receive orders, and through that 
memorable battle Morgan was compelled to listen all 
day to tilt? distant firing, chating with impatience for 
orders to join, but orders failed to come. The 3[anua- 
liawkiii militia, Avhen tliey got to Shumar's Mills, Avere 
probaVjly placed under ^[orgaus command, and this 
would account for their not participating in the battle. 

During the war Captain Bandolph was one night 
surprised in l)ed at home by Befngees, taken prisoner 
and carried to a s\'.ara]) and tied iu a tree, but managed 
to escape. At another time the Befugees surrounded 
and searcliod his house while he was in it. but his wife 
successfnll} concealed him under feathers in a cask. 

^vII,LIA^t (.ii;i:i;soN. the KEn'OEK, and the .mannaiiawkin 

-M.'EITIA. 

Buiiiig the WAi tlie liefuge(- leaders a]'>pear to h;ive 
had our shore divided into districts. IJavenport and his 
men h.ad 1 >over townslii]) for thcjr "stamping" ground; 



I.v/ ). 



MANNAHAWKIX IN THE liEYOIXTION. 179 

Bacon from (%^i,lar Creek to I'arkcrtown, bplow AVest 
Creek ; aronnd 'rurkei-tou and ])el()\v it .Toe ^MuUiner and 
Gibersoii, from their ]iea(T(|narters at the forks of the 
Mullica river, sallied forth on their ])!'<^dat'jrry excursions. 
These men do not ap})ear to have k4't their respective 
districts exce})t to aid tlieir confederates. 

One time Bill (riherson (as he was usually called) 
Avitli a part of his hand, sudilenly appeared at Tuckei'tou, 
and tliiidving they were safe, went to Dariiel Falkiu- 
Iturgh's tavern (A^liere Dr. Pai;'c's Inmse uoav is) and de- 
termined to have a oood tivnt\ ThcA' heij^an by making 
niglit hideous Avith tlieir bacchanalian revels. Some of 
the villagers at once sent word to the MannahaA\kin 
jnilitia, and Sylvester Tilton and three or four more 
started in a farm wagon to attempt to capture or dis- 
perse the outlaAvs. Giberson was informed by a Torv 
that the militia had been sent foi', and so he retreated 
towards the landing, to a good position near his boats, 
and Avheu the militia ai-rived he poured into their ranks 
such a volley that they were compelled to retreat, as they 
found the Befugees were in greater force tlian had been 
repi'esented. 

The militia jumped into their wagon and diove back, 
followed hy Cliberson and his men, who juirsued them to 
AVest Cieek bridge, where the Befugces halted. This 
little atl'air Avas about the <nily one during the war that 
gaA"e the Befugees a chance to l»oast. and so they often 
related the st(»rA'Avith great glee and mucJi exaggeration. 
But after all, there was but little to brag al)out, in a 
strong force i*ausing the Aveak one to retreat. As the 
militia Avere driving over West Creek crossing a mishap 
occurred to the Avagfui-tougue — one end dropping doAvu, 
A\h;c]i checked them long enough to allow the Befugees 
to tire again, but fortunat^-Iy Avithout effect, 

Cilxn'son Avas Avounded by the ]'»atriot-^ during the 
war, and the ])arti( uhirs are tlius given in ^Tickle's 
Bu'ininisceiices of Camden : 

"Ca])tain .lohn l)a\is was s<Mit Asith a c(,)mpanA of 
men to I'jgg lTaiT)or. Here his lituitenants, Bx'nj.imin 



ISO ' HlSTOliY OF .^LOlN MOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

Bates and liieliard Howell, were iufonne.l that the Refu- 
gee officers were ciiucoaled iu a certain Iiouse. Tliev 
called early in the morning and i'onnd and captnred 
William Gibei'son and Henry Lane, both Picfugee lieu- 
tenants, the former a not<^rions rascal, who had comijiit- 
ted many outrages and killed one or two Ameiicans in 
cold blood. On tludr way to the c|uarters of Davis" 
company, (.Tiberson called Bates' attention to something- 
lie pretended to see at a distance, and ^^ hile jjates was 
looking that way, (libprscm started and ran tlie other 
way, and being a fast runner, made his esca})e, although 
Bates tired his musket. The next day Bates went to 
hunt for him at the same house, and AvJiile o})ening the 
door heard the click of a musket-lock behind a large tree 
within a few feet of him, and turning around saw CHher- 
son taking aim at him. Bates dr(,i])ped on his knees, and 
the ball went through the rim of his hat. Ciilierson then 
started to run, l)ut b(^fore he got many ro'ls Bates gave 
him a load of buckshot, which broke his leg. (Hberson 
was then well guarded and taken to Burlington jail, 
whence he finally escaped to New York." 

Tradition says that Giberson escaped from Burling- 
ton jail by assistance of liis sister. She obtained per- 
mission to visit him, and Avliile in the cell exchanged 
clothes with him. So strikingly did they resemble earli 
other that^'hen he came out of the cell the jailor tliought 
it was the sister, and actually helped him in the wagon 
and thus he escaped. 

Mickle corroborates tJie StatiVuxl and Egg Harl:)or 
traditions in regard to the nnirvelous strength and 
activity of (4iberson and his sister. It is said that " at a 
hop, skip aiid jumj) he could clear an ordinary l']g^- Har- 
bor wagon," and v,as fleet-footed as an Indian ; and that 
his sister ccnild staml in (uie hogshead, and without 
touching her hands, would jump into anv:»thcr l)y its side 

After tlie war (ril)erson's sister, it is pro])able, re- 
moved to Salem county, as traditions there s])eak of a 
woman naijied (libv-i'soii who eoidil [lerform the iVut of 
]ea])ing from one hogshead into another, (liberson Inin- 



MAXNAHAWKTN IN THE KE VOLUTION. 



181 



self wfiit to Nova S>.(>tifi, with otlu r Refugees, about 
ITb^!, Init after a fev years be returneil to Atlantic (\)ui)tv, 
where he settleu down lo a peaceful life. 

Mrs. l^eali IHackniau says the lu use where Oibersou 
sought refuge, wheu Bates Nvas seeking him, was on a 
small lot 1>p1o\v Tuckerton, between tlie farms of James 
Dovrns an;l Dr. T. T. Price, ami that he had a latde hut 
in the centre of a thicket, called Oak Swamp, in the 
neighborhood of Down Shore. TJiis hut was composed 
of brandies of trees, leaves and moss, and called " Giber- 
son's Xest." She says he was wounded bv a hickorv 
tree near Downs' farm, and this tree was freoiientlv 
pointed out to her. 



^VHALE FISHEllY 



A license t(^ engage in whale lislierv was granted 
Februarj- 1-i, 1078, to .Toseph Huet, Thomas Ingram, 
llichard Davis, Isaac Bcnit, Eandal Huet, Thorras Huet, 
Heurj' Leonard, Thomas Leonard, John "^Ahitlork, Joim 
CratTcml (Cranfordi, Thonnis Applegato and Charles 
Dennis, '' twelve persons or raore,'" they having made 
proposals to undoitake the fishing trade. Thev were 
licensed to take whales or like great fish betvreen Barne- 
gat and the eastern part of the Province, and to pay for 
tlie })rivilege one-twentieth of th(; (^il. 



I) .-111? t.i:.". 



182 HISTORY OF MOX.MOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

EXECl TIOX OF A SPY. 



One allair wliicli (.-uised the most intense excitement 
tliroughont oM Mfmmonth, uml elsewliere JuriuL; the war 
of the llevolution, was the arrest, trial ami execution of a 
yoiinjj: man nameil Stephen E<lwarris, on the chaip;e of 
being a s})}' for the ]3ritish. Thfingli reference to it is 
rarely met witli in our liistcu'ies, yet there were Imt few 
events in the eounty duriuu; the Iievolution. that created 
a greater sensatiou than did tins. 

One of the oilic<'rs who tried Edwards, and assisted 
at his execution, was C;iptain Joshua Huddy, and this 
furnished one of tlie excuses the refugees gave for his in- 
liuman murder iiear tlie Highlands some three years after. 
On the trial of the refugee leader, Captain Richard Eip- 
peucott, by a ] British Court Martial at X-nv York, in the 
Summer of 17S"i, fcir his pa.rticipation in tlie hanging of 
Huddy, refugee witnesses testitied that even while Huddy 
was a prisoner in their Jiands, and but a few days befcu'e 
his death, lie Ixildly arknowl^dged his participation, and 
justilied it ou the grouuil that he was fouiid with treas')n- 
able papei'S in his possession, ^\hiejl coneiusively proved 
liim to be a s]»y. 

The following aecftniit of Ste]^Jien Edwards arrest, 
trial and exeeution. from "Howe's ( 'oUeetions' is believed 
to be subsLantially correct : 

Stephen E(^. wards, a young man, in the latter part of 
the war, left his home in Shrewsbury and join«Ml the 
lovalists |r^''fiig'"'es) in New \ork. Ei'om thenee hf was 
sent bv Coloii(d 'ra\ior of the refug'-es, ii former residt-nt 
of Middh.'town. baek to [Monmouth c )Uiirv. Avith wi'itten 
instructior.s to asct-rtain the fo'.x-c of liic .\ mcru-ans there. 
Informatiiiu hi'.^■;llg been convey* il to the latter, Captaia 
Jonathan I■^)l•man of the cavalry, w.is or;iere([ to s 'ai'ch 
for him. Susi.eeting he might be- at his fathei- s i-.'Sid.-nc' 
lialf a mile below rjadonlowii, he euier<-d at midnight 
Avi'Ji a. partv or men, aiiil fonud h::'i m b'll with his u'lle, 
tlis';uis<'d ill till ui^li! caji of li femal '. 

■'\\ lio ha.ve \"ou here V said I'oriiiau. 



.', {.'APT.VI.V JOSHUA irUDDY. 183 

*' A lalxnin^ uoia;Ui, " replied Mrs. Edwards. 

The eaptaiii dcttn-ttMl tlie d;su;uise, and on looking 
Tinder the bed, saw Edwar<ls" clothing, Avhieli he ex- 
amined, ;ind in which lie ionnd the ]iapers gi\'en him by 
Colonel Taylor. 

He then said, "Edwards. I am sorry to.jfmd you! 
You see these papers V You have brought yourself iirto 
a very disagre^alde situation — you know the fate of 
si)ieB ! '" 

Edwards denied tln^ allegation, rennirking that he 
^■as not such and could not so be considered. 

This occurred on Saturday night. The prisoner was 
taken to th(> Court House, tried by a Court Martial next 
day, and executed at lo o'clock on Monday morning. 
Edwards' fatlier and mother had come u]> that morning 
to ascertain the f.-ite of their son, and returned with the 
corpse. Eduards Avas an amiable young man. The For- 
man and Eilwards families had l)een on terms of inti- 
mate friendship, and rlie agency of the memlters of the 
former in the transaction, excited tln^ir dee})eHt sympa- 
thies for the fate of the unfortunate prisonm'. 

The guilt of Edwards was ccmelusnely proven ; deep 
sympathy was felt foi- his 'parents and wife, but the perils 
of tlie patriots at tliis tinu' were so great that prompt 
and decisive action was necessary for their own preser- 
vation. 

The foolhardiness of Edwards in keejung treason- 
aide papers alh.ut Ir'm was remarkable. Some features 
of this affair will r.Mnind the reader of the uufortnuate 
Major Andre. It is-pi-obable that I'^dwards v.as exetuted 
about Se|)teml)er, 1778. 

CAPTAIN JOSHUA HI^DDY, 

THK UF.JiO OF T(KMS i:lVF.i;. 

Among the nndtitude of heroic men furnished by 
our Statt^ in .aiil of the struggle for ijidependence. the 
name of Captain Joshna Huddv should ever occu])y a 
oons})icuons place in the memory of Jersi^yraeu. Yet 



184 HISTORY OF M0N3L0l'TH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

wlieix Ave recall liis darhi-- deeds, his patriotic efforts and 
sacrifices, and his unfortunate end, it is doubtful if less 
justice has been dc-]ie to tlie services and memory of any 
other liero (^f his day. Tliouoli tlie Continental Congress. 
as well as General AVasliington and other noted men tes- 
tified their warm apin'eciatiou of his services; thou,udi 
his name at one time was a household word, not only 
throughout this country but at the c<nirts of England and 
France; and tin ugh his unfortunate death and its con- 
seuuences, for a time caused the most intense excite- 
ment on both sides of the Athmtic, yet in the sul)stance 
of the langu;ige of a report ado[»ted by Congress in 1.S37, 
"It is fearful to state that after a lapse of fifty years, 
while tlu' sei'vi(,'es of others of so much less merit have 
been made the thenn) of tlie l)iographer and the poet, 
the menn.)ry tjf Huddy has ncjt l)een honored with an 
epitaph. His country, it would seem, has outlived the re- 
collection of Ills services, and forgotten that such a vic- 
tim was sacrificed for American liberty." 

OUTLINE OF CAPTAIN JIUDDY's LIFE. 

Tlie following extracts from the archives of tlic State 
De]>artment of Xew Jersey, were furnished in 1837 to a 
Congression:il committee at the retpiest of the chairman, 
by the late Goveimor l^liileiuon Dickenson: 

" Captain Joshua Huddy is ap})ointed by an act of the 
Legisli>,ture, passed Sept. 21, 1777, to the command uf a 
company of artillery, to l)e raised frtnu the militia of the 
State, and to continue in service not exceeding one year. 

"In the accounts of tJie }>aymaster of militia there 
is an ejjLry of ;i paymerit made on the 8l»th of Jul v. 1778. 
to Ca])tain Joshua Huddy, of the artillery re^imenr for 
services at Haddonfield, umler Ctdonel Holmes. In the 
same acc;nints a puAmcnt is also made to Ca})tain Huddy 
031 the 1st ()^' July, 177'J, for the use of his horses in the 
artillery."' 

Ca])t;un Hud'ly, with other prisoners, was taken to 
New Yoi'k and lodged in the not'-d SuLfar Housi' p.ris')n, 
from wheiu'c he svas taken on Monday, April 1st, 17S-2, 
to the prison of tlie Pi-ovost Guard in New Nork, where 



.!'jM ,;h 



.,,,.';. I . T'Jt.. •'.'=' 'I:-'^ 



..•.„I ;..,t ')"./' "' 



iv -.ilJ 



.(h ..» .. . . 



CAPTAIN .lOSlIlA III'DDY. 



1S5 



lie was closely cdiil-hiod until Mr/uday, April Stli, ^vhen lie, 
"with Daniel rkandolph and Jacoli Fleniinu- ilxitli of whom 
were taken })risoners with Huddy at Toms Eiver, but 
goon exedian^ed for two tories, named Captain Clayton 
Tilton and Aaron WliittO, were taken on board a sloop 
and ironed. 

The following is a eo}n' of the order to the Commis- 
sary of Prison at New Tork, to dfdiver him to the care of 
Captain liichard Lippeneott, of the Refugees, to l)e taken 
on board the sloop : 

New Yoi;k, April 7th, 178-2. 

Sir: — Deliver to Caiitain Iiiehard Li])])eneott the 
three following inisoners : Lieutenant Joshua Huddy, 
Daniel Randolph and Jaeob Fleming, t() ndce down to the 
Hook, to procure the exchange of Caj^taiii Clayton Tilton 
and two other associated Loyalists. 

l>y order of the Board of Directors of Associated. 
Loyalists. 

S. S. 13lowei:s. Secretary. 
To Mr. Commissar^' ChalloiKn-. 

Huddy, Ra.ndol[)h and Fleming were kept in irons 
in the hold of the sloop, until Tufsday evening, April 
9th, when tliey wei-e transferred to the guardsliip at 
Sandy Hook. The ship Avas the British man-of-war Bri- 
tannia, Captain ?vlorris. I'ai'ly on thel"2ih Idppencottcame 
on board the shi}) for Huddy and showed ('aptain Mcn-ris 
two })apers, one being a label which was afterward fas- 
tened to Huddv's breast. Captain ?dorris asked Li})pen- 
cott whitt he int'-nded to do with Huddy. Lippeneott 
replied th;it h.e intended to put in execution the orders 
of the Board of .Vss<H-i;ded Loyalists of New York, which 
was to hang Huddy. He herrowed a rope from Captain 
Morris, and then ])roce(H]ed on his infamous mission. 
Huddy Avas then taken ashore ;d the Highlands where a 
gallows v/as erecleil from three rails and a l)arrel placed 
under it from vrhieh In^ Avas launched into eternity. The 
label attached to Lis ])r<'ast hail tlie following inscrip- 
tion : 

" ^^^^ the refng.-es. having long behehl Avitli grief the 
crue> muuders of our l)rethren, and llnding nothing bui; 
such measures dailv carvviim into execution ; we there- 



ISO HISTOllY OF MONAlOrTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

fore determine not to sutt'ev without taking,- veiiuoiiiico 
for the numerous (.-ruiOties, ami tlius Ijouiu, haviii;L;: made 
use of Captain Huddy as tlie lirst object to present U> 
your vieAV, and deterjnine to hang man for man while 
there is a refugee existing. 

UP GOES RUDDDY FOR FlIIL. WHriE." 

Ciiptain Huddy executed liis will undin^ the gallows, 
signing it on the l>arrid from whicii he was ;i fewmoments 
afterward launched iido another world. 

CAPTAIN ]1L"1)DY's ^VILL. 

The following is a copy of the will of Captain Hud- 
dy, signed by him uudei- tlie gallows: 

"In the name of God, amen ; I, Josliua Huddy, of 
Middletown, in tin- ccnmty of Monmouth. l)ping of sound 
mind and memory, l)ut expecting shortly to (lc])art this 
life, do declare this my last will and testament : 

"First: I comujit uiy ^oul into thp liands of Almighty 
God, iioping lie may rtu-eive it in mercy ; an 1 next I com- 
mit my body to the earth. 1 do idso ;ip])oiQt mv trusty 
friend, Samuel Forman, to l)e mv lawful executm. and 
after all my just dcltts are paid, I desire that he do di- 
vide the rest of my substance ^vhether by b(-)ok debts, 
notes or any eti'ects what'/^ver hclongiug to nn\ ecjually 
between my two children, Elizal)t'tli and Martha Huddy. 

"In wituess whereof ] have hei'eiinto signed my 
name this twelfth ilay of A])ril. in the year of our lionl 
one thousand seven hundred and eightv two. 

" JOSIIUA HUDPY."' 

The will was -writtt ii oji half a shetd of foolcap ])aper, 
on the l)ack of which was the following endorsement, 
evidently written shorlly aftei" the will was executed : 

"The will of Captain Jf)shua Huddy. made and ex- 
ecuted the same da\' the refugees murdeitMl him, April 
12th, 17«2.'" 

The will was found stime years ago among the pa- 
pers of his executor, the late Colonel Samuel Fornmn and 
subsequently camt; into the })ossession of Judge Berniing- 
ton F. Fvand')!])!!, who dfiiosited it in the libi'urv of the 
New Jersey Historical S.)ciety. It was signed by Capt- 
Huddy, but was apparently written by anothor jievson. 
The daughters uajiu'd in the will sul»se([uently beeame 
Elizabeth Gi-cnm and ^larlha Piatt. The last named 



CAITAIN JOSHUA HUDDY. 187 

luoved to Cincinnati wliero sho lived to an advanced age. 

"Timothy Brooks, a refugee, who was (^ue of I.iijpt'u- 
cott's party, testitied in New York Iteforo a Board of In- 
quiry, that Huddy was ex(H-uted hy a neg^-c^ and tliat I.i})- 
]V3neott sh'jok hands witli Hu<hly as the hitter was stand- 
ing on the ])arrel by Huddy"s request. 

After his inhuman murder his hody was h^ft liang- 
iug until afternoon, when the Americans came and took 
it to Freehold, to the house of Captain James (li-eene, 
where it was, April loth. He was buried with the homers 
of wa)'. His funeral sermon was preached by the well 
remendiered llev. Pr. John ^Voodhull, pastor of the First 
Piesbyterian Churtdi. Freehold. 

The e^recution of Huddy was regarded by the Com- 
mander-in-Chief as a matter of such high import that, iu 
anticipation of the action of Congr.'.-s u})on his letter, he 
had directed that the general oilicers of the armv, and 
the otlicers commanding briga(h>s and regiments, should 
assemble at ^A est l\)int and decide on what nu^asures 
should be jidopted. On the I'.Uh day of April the meet- 
ing was held at the t[uarters of (xeuerid Heath, when the 
folhnvmg questions projioundrd by A\ ashingt<ui were 
stated : 

'•Shall there be retaliation for tln^ murder of 
Huddy y 

"On whom shall it be inflicted V" 

"How shall the victim be designated?" 

General Heath in his luemoirs describes the de- 
liberations of the t^tiicers as indi-'pcuidcnt of each (ttlier; 
no conversation 'a;is jK-rmitted bi'iwf^en them on the 
question submitted, liut (;ach on(^ was to write his own 
opinion, si>al it u}\ au;i address it to the C*ommander-in- 
Chief. ]iy this jiKicess it was found the derision Avas 
un;\niinous that rt'taliatio]i should take place; tliat it 
should be intbrted on an otnccr of ecjual i-ank ; and the 
designation sinudd bt- made' by lot from among the 
prisoners of var \v]jo had surr<n<lerr(l at disc-rolioe, and 
not undtn- convention or capitulation. 

I'his dfeisif)ii v>as aj)prove(l bv Washington, who 



■Ixlill' 



ilj .•;. 7ii 



^ I <7 / 



■Vf : .- . f ii< 'I!!'!. "• lj T'>I.'I''l 






V' !'>l»IlifU •il(l <<'^ 



^•i.M), 



J >-K '; ii> t il'ji, • 



188 HISTORY OF :.IOXMCH'Tn AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

gave imiuetliate infurnuitiou of his iiitenlinn to relaliatp, 
to tlio ]k'itisli CoinuiMiulor, unless the |)erpetrat<)r of tho 
bh^ody deed shoidd be <;iven u}) for exeeution. 

Baron de (Iriinm, iu his ceh^hrated ^Memoirs, states, 
withont any (jualificatious, //"'/ <i>.<)v<je HI \iavc ofhr^ 
^'t/idt the aufhiif nf <i (I'li/lr irh'ifli il'i^ffmnnrcil tfiu F.injlislt 
nattori, shniihf hr ijlfiu iij> for jm ni^liriHui''' \>\\\: he was 
not obeyed It is highly prol)able that this statement is 
true; the writer recorded it in 1775. and from tlie advan- 
tageous position he oc'eu}ned, jnust be }»resunied to have 
known tlie fart. (Vol. iv.. p. 'J7i2. ) 

The people of New .Jersey were exasperated 1)eyond 
measure ;it the bloody catastrophe; but Avben it was 
ascertained thai the murderer would not be suriemleretl 
or punished, their indip;n.Mtion })rom])ted the bold attempt 
to seize the miscreajit by force. To eli'ect this purpose, 
Captain Adani Hyler, of Xew Brunswick, having ascer- 
tained tbat Lippencoit resided in Broad street, Xcav 
York, with a crew disguise'l as a J3ritish press gang, left 
tlie Kills at dark in a single boat, and arrived at White- 
; hall about nine o'clock. Here he left the boat in chnrge 
; of a few men, and passed directh' to Lippeucott's liijuse, 
where, on in([uirv, it was ;iscin'taint'd he had gone to 
: Cock Pit. (Xa\'al ]NJai;a/in(\ Xoveml.ier, LS;j!). i Tlip ex- 
■' pedition of eoursr failed ; but th<^ ]u-omptness with -vhich 
' it was ccmducted proves tiie devotion of the brave men 
\- M'hci u'ere engaged in the common cause, ainl their exe- 
'; oration of Hmhlys assassin. 

[ The demand for Lij)]it'ncott havinir l.)een refused. 

General AVashington, on the Ith of !May. 'lirected Briga- 
dier-General Hogan t(^ designate by lot. from arQon<;- the 
prisoners at either of the jxjsts in Pcnnsyb.ania or ^M.iry- 
land, a .l>ritish Captain Avho had been unconditionally 
surrendered. As it v,-as asccitained that no such otHcer 
"was in his p.ower, a second order was IssuimI on tin- B!th 
of May, extending the seloi'tion to tho otHcers who had 
been made ]trisonevs bv convention or canitulation. 
Under tliis last dispatch, the j^i'itish Captains wlio hail 



CAri'AIN JOSHUA IirDDY. 1S9 

Ijeen ca])tiii'ed at Yorktown Avere !isseml)led at Lancastei", 
Pennsylvania, and tlie l(it fell npon <Japtain Asgill 

Charles As<j;ill was a Captain of the gnards, of a 
noble family, and at the time lie was desiunated to sntt'er, 
but nineteen years of a;;'e. He was captured at York- 
town, confined during tlie winter of 1781-82 at Winelies- 
ter, in Virginia, and liad been removed but a short time 
to York, Pennsylvania, when the lot was cast ai^ainst 
him. 

Captain Asgill was c(^nducted to Philadelphia, and 
from thence was removed to Chatham. He was accom- 
panied by his f}'iend. Major Clordon, Avho attended liin^ 
witli tlie devotion of a parent to a child. 

In the meanwhile the execution was suspended, but 
every effort was exerted, every plan that ingenuity could 
devise or sympathy suggest adoptod to save the imif^cent 
sufferer. ^lajor Gordon appealed to the French Minister, 
then in Philadelphia ; he wrote to the Count de PdcIi em- 
beau, and despatched niessengers tn nuine/ous intlaential 
Whigs throughout tlie Colonies ti3 interest them in be- 
half of his friend ; and so ehxiuent anil importunate were 
his appeals, tliat it is said by (h^neral Graham, '' that 
even the family of Captain Huddy l)ecanie themselves 
suppliants in AsgiiTs favor."' IMiese untiring exertions 
unquestional)ly ccntrilnUevl to post^ione the fate of tlie 
victim until the tinal and successful intercession of the 
French Coui't obtained his release. 

When Lady Asgill heard of the peril which im- 
pended over her son. h<-r husband w;i,s exhausted l)y dis- 
ease, and while the ellect: of the intelligence was })ent 
povi-erfully up in lier mind, it produced delirium in that 
of her daughtei'. Fnjlor all these eiubarrassments she 
ajiplied to King Creorge the III., who, it is said, ordered 
the cause of this jneasure of ret;iliation. the wretchf'd 
Lippcncott, tf> be ddiM^red up. wliich Clinton contrived 
to avoid. She did not cease her inijioi-tunitics until she 
had clictaicd a most e]o(|ui-nt and imjtassioncd apjttal to 
the Count de A'^ergemics, who laid it Itefore the King and 
Queen of France, and was immediately diitn-ted {o com- 



1*.)0 niSTOUY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

mimicate with Geueral AVasliingtou ami implore the re- 
lease of the sutl'erer. A letter, says the 13aroii de Grimm, 
'■ the ek')(]uem-e of A\"hic'li, iu(lei)t;'ii(lent of oratf)rieal 
forms, is tiiat of all pe()])le, aud all laiij;u.Hp;es, hecauso it 
derives its power fioin tlie first and iioldest sentiment of 
onr nature." 

For seven montlis the fate of this interestino- yonno; 
officer remained suspended, when, chietly throujj;h the 
intercession of the French Court, he was set at liViei'ty. 
The foHoAvinj^- ;'re the ])roceediniLfs of Congress directing 
his discharge : 

Thursday, Xm-emher 7, 1782. 

On the report of the C^ommittee, consisting of ^Ir. 
lUitledge, 31r. Osgood, Mr. Montgomery. Mr. Boudinot, 
and Mr. Duaue, to wliom was referred tlie letter of tlie 
19th of August last, from the Commandor-in-Chief, the 
report of a committee tiiereon, ;ind ihv, motives of Mr. 
A\ illiamson aud Mr. lUitledge : and als<?, another letter 
from th(^ Comnmniler-in-Cliief. with a copy of a hotter to 
liim frcnn tlie C'nmt <le \'eiuennes, date'l July 'I'.Kli last, 
interceding for Cai)tMiu AsLdll : 

Ilesolvt'd, Tliat tlje Commander-in-Chief he. and he 
lierehy is directed, to set Ca|>taui Asgill at liherty. 

A co})y of the foregoing proceedings and resolution 
was forWfirded by Generui A\';ishington to Captain Asgill, 
together v>ith a letter, given Indow, which exhihits the 
moral excelhuice, tin. great and commanding attrihutes 
that always distiiigaish''d the Father of his Country. 
'"The decision of General A\'ashi)ia"rou in this delicate 
afl'air, the dec^p interest felt l»y the Ann.^iic-an people for 
the youthful sufferei- the pathetic aiipeals of Lady Asgill 
to the Count de A'ergennes in hidialf of her son (in the 
language of Congress in ]So7), forms one of the most im- 
portant and instructive portions of revolutionary his- 
tory. 

GENKUAL W.\SHJN(iTON TO (AI'TAIN ASCHLL. 

SiK : — it att'.iids me singular satisfaction to have it 
in my ])o\\er to iruusmit to ^•ou the enclosed coj)y of an 
act of Cougres^; of the 7th iiist., hv Avhich vou are relieved 






I1» i. 



.'■rjii i/i:;. 



TO.MS lUVF.R DUKINPt THE llEVOLUTION. 101 

from the disa^reeubio circmiistain'os in wliicli yon liave 
been so long. Snj^posing that yon \vonlvl wis]i to go to 
New York as soon as possible, I also enclose a passport 
for tliat }tnrpose. Your letter of tlie IStli came regnlarly 
to my hands. I l)eg of yon to believe that my not answer- 
ing it sooner did not proceed from inattention to yon, or a 
want of feeling for yonr sitnation; bnt I daily ex})ected 
a determination of }'(3nr case, and I thont;ht it better to 
await that tban to feed yon with hopes that nnglit in the 
end prove frnitless. Y'ou will attril)nte my detention of 
the enclosed letters, -which have been in my possession 
a fortnight, to the sann^ canse. I cannot take leave of 
yon, sir, witliont assnring yon that, in whatever light my 
agency in this nnpleasant attair may be vicAved I was 
never intlneaced thronghont the whole of it by san- 
gninary motives, bnt what I conceived to be a, sense of 
duty, which londly called npon im^ to use measnrt>s, h>jw- 
ever disagreeable, to ])revent a repetition of those 
enormities A\hich have l)een the snl)ject of discussion; 
and that this imj»ortant end is likely to be answered 
without the ett'usi(ni of the i>lood ot' an innocent iterson, 
is not a greater relief to yon than it is to me. 

Sir, t^-e. (teoiioe "Washixgtox. 

Immediately aiter this letter released hhn, C'a]irain 
Asgill prepai'i'd himself to return to England, and in a 
short time eml)arked. The sn',)nd letter of L:nlv Asgill 
to Count de "S ergemies cmitained the eloquent outpour- 
ings of a grateful heart. 

TOMS liniLll DLTvINlr THE KEVOLrTlON. 

During the Iievolutiouary war, Toms Piivor, fm- sucli 
a small village, vras evidently (piite a busy, lively place, 
bet^veen the militia., the IJefugees and th<^ arrival and 
departui'i; of })rivai(;ei's and tln^ir prizes; the arrival of 
boats and teams with salt from the sevi^'al works ah">ng 
tliebay; the departure of teams for AN'cst .[er-^.y witli 
salt, oysters, fish, etc., and their return with merch.-indise ; 
tlie visits of business men from dit'i'ereiit iiarts of the 



192 HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

Stat(^ to purchase ca])lnre(l vessels or their carj^oes, and 
tl\e rafts or seows from the sawmills with ]uml)er for ves- 
sels to carry to places in the State when they could run 
"with safety. It would seem also that sometimes pleasure 
or tishing parties from other ]ilae«'s visited the v'illa;4-e. fis 
on the Idth of May, 17S(). 3Iajor John Van Emburgh, of 
Middlesex count}', and eight or nine men came to Toms 
River to go out on a ilsluug exrursiem, l)ut thev were 
sur})rised in beil by tlie lvefag»n^s and ])i;i<h^ prisoners, 
and put on board of a M'ssel to V)e sent to New York. 
They were fortunate enough, however, to escape a few 
days after. 

Near Toms Iliver bridge were buildings owned bA- 
men ciigaged in the manufacture of salt. Thev were used 
to store salt from the various works along the bav, and 
also for })rovisions and supplies for men emploved in the 
manufacture and transportation of this article. In 1777 
Colonel John 3Iorris, of the Xew Jersey Iiov.-d A\)luu- 
teers, a llefugee organization, was sent to destroy these 
buildings. But a man named John "Williams "had 
placed the signiticant letter ' 1 1 ' on them by o)'der of 
General Skinner" (says Sabine, in his History of Lcn'al- 
ists). Gene'ral Cortlandt Skinner was in the British ser- 
vice and commander of a brigade of about eleven hun- 
dred Xew Jersey Pvefugees, or Royalists, as they called 
themselves. Xo explanation is given of what was meant 
bj " the signiticant letter ib'" but the inference is that 
some of the owners had acce})ted yjapers guaranteeing 
British }>rotection. whndi were given by John Lawrence 
(of Lawrence's line uotei, and perhaps others, to all who 
signed a pledge not to aid the Americans, but to adhere 
to the Crown. The partnership business in some of the 
salt works above Ton^s Ttivpv^ which had their depot in 
the village, seems at times to have jierplexed ;irmeil par- 
ties of both sides, as some owners were known acti\e 
]>atriots, and others sym])athized with the JJiitish. A 
British ex]>edition from Xew York in 1778 destroyed 
works at tln^ liead of tin- bay. v.hich were owned in ]»art 
by Ijoyalists. much to their dissatisfaction and to tlu) 
gratilication of the Americans. 



TOMS VAXEil DUKING THE REVOIA'TIOX. l*.):} 

The soldiers stationod at Tom.s ]Ai^'or during- the 
war ■were wiaiidv tv.flvr mnutlis" luen. nut pro^ablv oc- 
casionally by men who were to serve four months, al the 
expiration of which time they could he relieved, uidess 
in actual service against the enemy. Among tlie otiieers 
wlio were statientnl here were Captains Ephraim Jenkins, 
James Mott, John St.)ut and Joshua Hu(hly. Captain 
Mott had command of a company called the Sixth Com- 
pany of Dover, and Captain Stout, of the S(M"enth Com- 
pany of Do\er. The Tifth Company of militia was c^m- 
manded hy Captain Eeuben F. liaiuh)lph, of Manna- 
liawkin. The commissions of some of these men are in 
the librarv of the Xev,- Jersey Historical Society. 

It would si'cm that a number of soldiers fr«)m Penn- 
sylvania were also stationed not far from the village, as 
the Pennsylvania State Council. Xovember 2, 1776, 
ordered that an otlicer and twenty-tive men be sent to 
Toms Piiver to guard salt works erected by that State, 
the soldiers to take twe]ity-li\e spare muskets, two 
liowitzeis and a suiticient quantity of ammunition for 
defence in case (tf attack. On the 8th of April, 1777, the 
following resolution wa.-. ])assed !)}' the Continental Con- 
gress : * 

" /?< .so//% ,/, That it 1)6 recommended ti^ the Governor 
anil Counril of Safety of Xew Jersey not to rail into the 
field such j)art of their militia, not exceeding forty, as 
are necessiirilv tMnploved in the salt works now erecting 
in their State by the Governor of Peunsyivauia; ])rovided 
it be not inconsistent with the hiAvs of the State."" 

To this the Jsew Jersey Council of Safety made the 
following re})ly : 

"The exen]]iti(5n above recommended is inconsistent 
with the militia law of the State, but if the Government 
of Pennsylvania will cai-ry on said works with the in- 
liabitants of their own commonwealth, care shall bo 
taken to have theiri exempted as above, though ihey will 
alsr» be liable to be called into tlie held by the said act 
as it ]iow stands, as becoming, bv their residence here, 
subjects of tliis State to that }»nrpose. 

■' William ]^ivrx(;sToN."' 

■ The duties of the militia stationed at Toms Jiiver 



194 niSTOUY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

were to ouard the iultaltitaiils ivoui (Ippi'edatious l)y the 
Kefugee.s ; t • check coutrabaii<l t]-ade with the euemy at 
New York l»y way of C^'anberry Inlet, aud to aid our 
privateers who l)rou!j;])r ves.sels into tlie iulet. 

Cran])erry Iidet. nearly opposite the mouth of Toms 
iliver, was tlieu open, and perhaps the l)est inlet on the 
coast, except Little E.u'g Harbor. On this account it was 
a favorite base of operations for American ])rivateers on 
the lookout for vessels carrying supplies to the British 
at New York. 

PlUVATEEHINCx AT TOMS lUVEll AND 
VICTNITY. 



In the early ]y:\vt of 1778 Captain Peter Anderson, 
in a boat with, sixteen men, captured the sloop "Hazard" 
and brouglit lier into Toms Eiver. She was loaded with 
Irish beef ami pork. The Oourt of Admiralty to adjust 
his claim and that of his ruen, for their prize was held at 
Allent(rvvn, at the hou>,^ of Oilbert Barton. 

About tlie first of Au'^ust, 1778, the British ship 
"Love andb'nitv ' was run jishore, it was said designedlv, 
on the beach nearlv oy.posite Toms Iviver. She had a 
valuable cargo, cousist:)iL;' of eighty hogsheads of loaf 
sugar, several thousand bottles of London porter and 
]^>ristol 0(H'r, and other arricdes. She was taken posses- 
sion of by tlii' militia from Toms Biver and Itrought into 
Cranberry Inlet. Thi^ sljip Avas ou'^ of the most valu- 
able ])rizes ciipturrd by the Americans in this vicinity. 
A Court of Admiialty was held at the (/ourt House at 
Trenton. August 'JS. 177'^, to tr}- the claim of Benjaudu 
Pratt and others of ]u,-i- captors. Tlie ship Avas adver- 
tised to be ^ol'! ])y tlie Mrirshal, John Stokes, at Toms 
Kiver, August )-jl, togetlier with a ])art of her cargo, con- 
sistiiui of ]>ristol beer, cidi.n', ]t<^u't('r, salt, Hon!', cheese, 
red aud white \vim\ (^Micen's and d'^lf ware, doubic-fiint 
\Nine glasses aud tumli]r]s. ct.-. A pai't of her cargo ]iad 
bt'cn I'.'lJiovLil to ?tLaiias<;ua II, aud was ad\ citisrd t(tbe 
sold ten days bifcr, on Septembci' lid. The ship A\as re- 



i\y.l :LI /r.i •■\r<i'v r/ ^ 



.J , \ (,,, \. , ,.' 1 ^''Tr I,, \ 



rmvATEKi;iX(i at klms iuvek and vk'Imjy. 195 

iiameJ the " W;isli)iigiOu" by the })ni\-lias('rs at tlio sah-. 
She was too valuabh^ for the ]^ritis,h iiot to alte:i:['t tn 
regain her. On Septemher IS, a little over two v.ecks 
at'tei' her sale, tno British armed ships and t\v.; hri^-^ 
came cdose t(^ the bar of the iidet where tliev lay all 
night. Next morning between 7 and 8 u'cloc-k th-y ^enr 
in seven arnH>d boats and retook the ship, and als. • t vtk 
two sh»o])S near the bar and fa|)tnred most of their 
crews. The Amo-ican (.•;i]')tain of the shi[) antl inMst of 
his men esraperl to the main land. The }iilot of tlie 
British expt^litioii was the notorious AVilliam l)illon. 
who had just before been in j'^reeliold Jail undri- senteiu-e 
of death. After th'- American caj^tain of the ship reafheij 
shore, a refugee named Bobert McMuUen. who had bc^^'n 
in Freehold Jail and c(^ndemned to death with Dill-ni 
but })ardoiU'(l, jumptMl into the boat, hurrahing for the 
British and rowed off and joined them. 

In the early [>art of March. 1770, the sloo]:i •' Suc- 
cess"' came ashore on the north bea(di and was made a 
prize of by the militia under John, probaVdv the John 
Price of Goodluek, known as ^lajor after tlie w;ir. Tijc 
shjop ])roved to b(^ a vaiualde pj'i/e, as she wns I'ad^d 
with molasses, collei'. cocr)a. rum. etc. She had pr-^vidii-- 
ly beea captured b,y the British brig •'Diligence" aiul a 
prize master and thi-ee nsen put on board of her to ta.ke 
her to ^s'ew Yoi'k. A\ hen she came asluu'e the i»rize ma.s- 
,ter and the three men were made prisoners and sent to 
Princeton. Siie was advertised to be sol<l as she lay m 
Islanil Beach, by order of the Court of Admiralty, by 
Joseph potts. Mai-shal, on A])ril 7, 177'b the sale to take 
})lace at Toms lii\in'; her cargo was t<) be sold at tlie 
sann; time. On tlu> "ifith of April. ]\Iarshal Potts pub- 
lished tlie followiuL;- (U'dt-r: 

"'The peo]de concerned in cajiturin^' the sloo], --Suc- 
cess"" are dcsii'ed to nieet nu^ at the house of Daniid 
Griggs a.t T(nas Bivei-, on Tliursday the PUli of May 
next, to leceive tliedr ])ri ^portion of the iiuuiexs ansiui,: 
fi'om the sales of said sloo]) and cargo. All]HU'S()ns indel >t',(l 
for goods bought at above sale are reijuested to make 
imijiediatc pa\ ni'Mit to ?.l r. Abiel .\kins at Toms Bivci-, 



1... . 1 •II.'' ('! -'.11 '■•' I' 



•,r; .ri; / •Hh I'.fU 



],-. .'^ '.i-ij iiii 



,J . .mT 



196 HISTOr.Y OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

or to the subscriber at Cranberry, that he m;iv bo able to 
close the aceouuts by the time mentioned. 

Joseph Potts."' 

Major Jol)u Cook, who was killed in the action at 
the Block House, was a resident of Toms Iliver and in- 
terested in ]irivate<^rin,£;-. He captured the sloop " Fanny." 
Captain Bell, and his claim was adjudicated at a Court 
lield at the house of Gilbert Barton, Allentown, February 
21, 1779. 

John Chadwick had a claim before tlio same Coiirt 
for the capture of the schooner "Hope." This vessel and 
the " F;i.nny,"" (•a])iured by Major Cook, were brought to 
Touis River and they and their cargoes, consisting of 
pitch, tar, salt and other articles, were advertised to be 
sold here M-irch 1, 1779, by Joseph Potts, Marshal. 

Jt)hn Ivaiglin about the same time, claimed as a prize 
tlie slooyj "Fxperiment." The vessel and her cargo, 
Avliich consisted of 1,500 bushels of salt, was at the Union 
Salt \Vorks, Manas(p-ian, and she wasadvertised to be 
sold May 7, 1779. No particulars are given of her ca})- 
tnre, ln;t it was alleged that some persons in that vi- 
cinity owniijg salt works or shares in them, were British 
sympathizers and had accepted |iape]-s guaranteeing 
British })rotection to (J.itaiu which they ha;! to pledge al- 
legiance to the Crown to agents of the British. John 
Ijav.rence. the noted surveyor who ran the celebrated 
Lawrence Line between East and West Jersey, was the 
most prominent agt^nt'of the British in secretly traveling 
around and persuadir.g people to a<-cept British protec- 
tion ; ho was linally arrested for it by the Americans and 
impiisoned in Burlington Jail. The Union Salt "Work^) 
above named, were advertised to b*^ sold Mar<li 21. 1779, 
l)y Nathaniel Lewis, Joseph Xewbold and John Kaighn, 
all ]irobably of "West Jersey. 

. Joseph Salter advertised to sell May 2, 1779. tlie 
sloop "lavcly," ti>gether with her c-argo of lumb(n\ at the 
h(/use of Jdm Cook" i Major Johii ('o(;kpt. It is nr)t 
stated v.liy tlx' Vfssd Avas to be sdd. Sh*^ mav have been 
the private ])ro])(Mt\' of Salter, wh.o, it is su}i])osed, re- 



rRIVATEEPJNG AT TOMS: RTVER AND VICIXTTY. 197 

moved from Toms Eiver about this time. The meutiou 
of lumber shows that tiie lumber business was still car- 
ried ou in the vii'iuity. 

lu the latter part of 178!), Captain Joshua Studson of 
Toms Eiver took tw(j pnizes, the schooner "John" and 
sloop "Catherine," in Ilaritan Bay, near south side of 
Staten Island. The prizes v»-ere taken to Middletown 
Point. The Admiralty Court to adjust claims for these 
prizes was held at the house of Isaac Wooil, ]M<«uut Hol- 
ly, and the vessels were ad\ertised to be sold at Mou- 
moutli Court House, January 1, 17S1. Just a month be- 
fore this, Captain Studson was killed by the Eefugee 
Bacon at the inlet, o})posite Toms Eiver. 

Al)out the close of the year 17S0, Captain Samuel 
Bigelow, who, before the wa?-, lived on Wrangle Brook, a 
short distance from Tonas Eiver, ca])tured a prize under 
the following circumslances : The brig "Dove," from 
Tortola, West Indies, bound to New York, fell short of 
water and ])ro visions ; her master, Captain Hannel, mis- 
took this coast for Tjong Island and sent a l)oat with four 
men ashore to obtain sup^ilies. These men were retained, 
and Captain Bigelow and others manned two boats and 
went out aiid oa])ture<l tlie brig and brougiit her up to 
Toms Eiver without c4tric\ilty. The brig, with her cargo 
of 1-10 puncheons of rum, was advertised to be sold at 
Toms Iiiver, January '5, 1781. by John Burrowes, ^Mar- 
shal. On tlie 25th or January, 1781, Captain Bigelow and 
Samuel Allen had their claims for prize money for these 
sales before a Ci>urt held at the house of Gilbert Barton, 
AUeutown 

Captain Bigelow also made a prize of another vessel 
called the "Betsey," wliieli h.id belonged to citizens of 
Delaware, where she v,-as taken by the ]3ritish out of a 
]Jace called ^Nluskmeh^n ('reek. On her way to Xew 
York she was driven in a storm ashore near the liar of 
Cranberry, where ('a])tain Bigf^low recaptured her. His 
prize claim was adjusted at a Court held at the house of 
Isaac Woods, ^f(tant Hollv. 

On .THnuar\- 21, 178i), a sale at the house of James 



198 nisTOKY or monmoutii an!> ocean counties. 

Lipj^eni'ott, Toms River, was advortised to tako plac-e. by 
Zaeliariali Piossell, Marslial. of a (juantity of ruiu ; also 
of sails, rij^'jjjiuo; aiul hull of ship lyiiiti; at Cranberry Inlet. 
Perhaps the sloop Avas the " J3etsoy/' captured by Cai)t. 
l:>igelo\v. 

James Handolph and Moses Kobbins, of Toms 
River, presented a claim Ixdcn-c au Admiralty Court at 
Alleutowu, January "Jo, 1781. aLrainst tlie slof»p '•Bruns- 
wick," of wliich .Josliu.i ^^ o(;Jin^ had been captain, whitdi 
had been cast away on tlu> beach. Kaudol})h and Kob- 
bins' claim was on bt-lialf of themselves. Jacob AVilcot 
and others, A\ho took possession of the \cssel. 

In the early pait of \7'^'2, just l)efore the Block 
House at Toms K'ver w is taken by the British, Ca])ta,in 
William Gray, .n the privateer "j)arl./' of Salem, Mass.. 
took a prize sloop from the British ii;alley "Black Jack."" 
Captain (-Iray seems to have l>een a drivini;/ daring nn-m, 
who lost no chance to aniu^y the enemy. It was an- 
nounced. 3Iarch. li), 17^2. tliat h ' iiad br.tU'jht liis prize 
sloop to Toms Kiver. The iiext d;i\" In- ^\ent with his boat 
and seven men in pni'suit of a British hrii;- near the inlet. 
Uni(jrtun;it*dy for him. insread of takiiiu;- a ])rize, Ik' was 
captured hiinseU". For sruue time the ]>ee>])le t)f Toms 
lliver wondered what had b.'i-ome of him ; in August fol- 
lowing they heard that after he got ont of the inlet he 
was taken prisoner and cari'ied to Halifax, and subse- 
quently released on })arole. He said he was well treated 
while a ]n'isone]-. 

While Ca])!ain (iray w;i-: ci-uising out of Toms lviv(n- 
he ca])tured one prize tliat ju-obaiilv was one cause of 
the expedition which caiitur--<l the Block House and 
burned the village of Toms Bivrr. Tliis ]irize was the 
sloo]) " Lncv,"" of wliich the notorious ^^"il]!am Dillon 
Avas captain. She aa as engau'ed. in contrabauvl trade fi-om 
Egg Harltor and other shore [daces to N(-a\- York. Tln^ 
following is a copy of the adv..']-tiseiiient relating: to Dil- 
lon's vess(d published in tiie early [lart of March, 17^2. 

"To all whom it inav conce)!! ; 

" ^o///r /.y li<r,-liii i/l_rrn, l'h;it a ( 'olivt will be held at 



.,1 1 /I .ri II I. 



ri{IVATKEl;ING AT TOMS PlIVEII AND YICIXITY. 199 

the Jimise ')f .laiot-s (Trton, at FreoliDld, in the t-ounty of 
Moniiioutli, ou tlif iC.tli (l.iy ni March uox.t, at the hour 
of ten o"(.-h^ck of ttie forenoon of the same (hiy, theu ami 
tliei'e to try tlif truth of the facts alh:'i;-e(.l iu the bill of 
Ca])tai]i Atilliam Gray (wlio as well, cVe.,) against the 
sloo]) or vessel called tlie '' Lucv,'' taken on her voyag-e 
from Egg Harlioi- to Xcw York, William Dilhm lat(^ mas- 
ter, with her tarkh'. furniture and cara'o, and a no^';ro 
man named York. To the mid and int(^u: that the owner 
or owmns (.f sjiid vcss.'l. or an''.' other person or })ersous 
intt^estiMl therein, may appear and sliow c;iuse, if any 
they have, why the said cargo and neuro man sliould not 
be condemned to the i-aptors ]uirsuant to the jirayer of 
said bill. Ami:L Akin." 

Abiel Akin was a leading patriot of Toms lliver. Jus- 
tic? of the Pe;ic^ and j)rominent generally in ]niV)lic mat- 
ters. Captain Jam^s Cireen. at whose house at Treehold 
the court was to l)e h-dd, it is supposed wa.s the same 
who married (";!])ta!n Joshua Hu<ldy's danght>-r, ami it 
Wcis to his ]n>use, shortly after, that the body of ('■a])taiu 
Huddv was ])rought afcer iie wa.s murvh^red by the Itefu- 
gees ueai- tlie ttigidands. Many trials \ve]-e held at Cap- 
tain Green's h>)as(- durinu' tie" war. 'Jdie court to ailjn- 
dicatt- on tdaiius r.datim;- to ]>rize "Lucy" was to be held 
the ItJ'h of ^Iirch. which was Satunlav. The following- 
Saturday thi' ]biiish cxp'dition from New Y'ork arrived 
at Cranberry inlet, and the next da_\ the Ulock House 
was cap::ured an;l tin- viHage burne.l, E^iptire Abiel 
Akin's luKi-^r- aai :)nj; tlr^ rest J)ill(ui, from whose family 
Dillons Island derived its name, was evidently well 
accjitainted with tln^ coast, as he was t-a]i:ain of a coast- 
ing vesscj and liad liv-'d so in^ar the l»ay. He bore no 
good will to the ])atriots, for he had once been sentenced 
to death ] 'V tlipm, and ]iow he had h;id his vessel cap- 
tured. The JJritish iiad sent expeditions to destroy 
privateers uii the iiaritan as fai- as Xew Brunswick, and 
aUo ;it Chestnut Xeck and other ])laces ar(.)und Egg Har- 
bor. Ami tlie expedition to Toms lliver, so soon alter 
Dillou lost Ills vess(d, leads to the con(dusion that he 
Went to New \\n-k and liiduced the Ibitish commandant 
there to sen I the expeditioii to ']\>ms itiver and inflict 



200 HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

vengeance on all persons interested in privateering, or 
who aided tlie patriot cause, witli most of whom he was 
personally acquaiiited. And he was the willing pilot of 
this iieet that came to destroy his former neig]i))ors and 
burn their homes. It was undoubtedly he who pointed 
out what houses to destroy and what to spare. The 
house of Mrs. Studson, whose husband had recently been 
murdered by Bacon, was spared, and also the house of 
Aaron Buck, whose M^ife vsas a niece of Dillon's, Buck 
having married his brother's daughter. 

Another prize lirouglit into Toms Eiver was the 
schooner " 8})eedwell," whii-h had been captured l)y the 
daring Captain Adam Hyler. The " Speedwell "" was 
nearly new and of about twenty-two terns burden. The 
sale of this vessel was advertised to take place at Free- 
hold June 20, 1782, at the house of Captain James Green, 
by Eobert Hr.de and John Bray, agents. This vessel 
had been captured by the British and recaptuj-cd by 
Captain Hyler. Toms .Biver had been burned about 
tliree months before this sale took place, and it is not 
probal)le that there were any houses in the village to 
accommodate persons who might desire to purchase the 
" Speedwell," and hence a reason for the sale at Free- 
hold. 

In the early })art of 1783, some of the ^lanr.ahawkin 
militia, under the lead of Captain Joseph Bandol^il! and 
Nathan Crane. Adjutant in the militia, made prizes of 
the schooners " Bolly "" ;iud " J)ill\' Batta," Avith two hun- 
dred and two barrels of tl<uir and fifteen kegs of bread. 
These vessels had l)een c>i|)tured by the J^>ritish and cast 
away on the beach, wh"rc they were retaken by the 
Americans. The })ri/t^ cLnnis of Captain Bandol})h and 
Adjutant Crane As'ere adjudicated }jy a ciuirt held at the 
house of Benjamin Lawrence, Allen town, Joseph Law- 
rence, judge. 

The following account of the capture and salei)fa 
prize brings to light an interesting fact in the Ib'volu- 
tionarv historv of Toms Jvive}-, wliich is the name of nne 



PEIVATEEFJXCi AT TOMS lUYER AND VICINITY. "2Ul 

of the first, if not the first, of the citizens of the phice 
wlio rel)uilt a house after the viihi;j;e was burDecl. 

In the earlv part of 1783. Captain John A^'anton, in 
the armed boat "General A\'ashington,"' captnred the 
sloop '• Rebecca " and bronglit her into Toms Eiver. She 
liad been captured by the Britisli brig "• Renown,"' and 
retaken by Captain W;\nton. The fohiowing is a copy of 
the advertisement for her sale : 

"To be sold at public vendue, at 10 o'clock, on Fri- 
day, March 14, ITS."), at the house of Moses Robbins, at 
head of Tojns River, the sloop Rebecca, with her cargo 
of 330 bar]'els ot ilour. a few l»arrels of pork. \:c., lately 
captured by Captain John AV;uit*)n. 

" David Potter, Marshal." 

Erorn the al)ove it seems that Closes Robbins, who 
was wounded in the fight at the Block House, had a 
house then built suitable for business. 

The following notice of a prize Ijrougiit to Toms 
River bv Rhode Islanders is from a certificate in posses- 
sion of Hon. ]]phraim V. Emsv>n: 

"Providence, J^'eb. 21, 1777. 
•' This may certify tiiat Messrs. Clark and Nightiu- 
ga,le and Captain William Rhodes have jmrchased here 
at vendue tlie schotnier Popes Head, whicli was taken 
by the privateer "Sally and Joseph'' i under our com- 
mand) and carried into Ciaidn-rry Inlet, in the Jersies. 
and there delivei^d to tlie care of Mr. James Randol])h 
by our })rize masteis. 

"James Maro, 
"John Fish.'" 

On the 9th of Decemlief. 1778, it was announced that 
a ]jritish armed vessel, bound frcun Halifax to Xew York, 
and richlv ladened. came ashore near Ijarnegat. I^he 
crew, about sixtv ia number, surremh-red themselves 
prisoners to th:^ militia, (iinuls to the amount of five 
thou.sand jjcnnds ^.{e^•li!ig wei'e taken <>'it of her l)v our 
citizens, and a nundier of priso'ners sent t(^ Bordentov-n, 
at udiicli plac'- tlie b.ilaiie.' of 1 prisoners were expected. 

In tlie winter of 17S() 1 tiie Bi-itisli sliip "Molly" 
was driven asliore in a snow sidrm oti tlie bt-aeh at Aviiat 



202 HISTOIIY OF MuXMOUTn AM) (X'KAN COUNTIKS. 

pc^iiit not dilated I ;aul hov crew inatlf ])ris()iiprs and senl 
to Philralflpliiu. 

In Decouiber. 177S. (_'a}itaiu x\le\aiider, of the slooj) 
" Elizalietli," of Ivultiuiore. was takoii ])y tlie British. 
He vv;is peruritteil to leave in a small boat, ainl he lauded 
at Craulterrv Inlet. 

Iii Jannary, 1778, the sloo}» "Two Friends," Captain 
.Alexander ijonnett, of His]>ani(jla, was cast auay near 
Baruegat Inlet witli l,()On ha^s of salt, forty-ei,i;-lit hoL;s- 
lieads of nioiiisses, also a lot of rum, sugiir, etc. ( )uly 
IGO oallons of rum was snved. The sh(_»re people went 
to their assistance, but one man vras lost. Captain Jion- 
uett then shipped as a ])asseiiger in the sloop '" Kn- 
deavor," at Truns Bivrr. for New "i ork ; but, sad to 
relate. A\'hih^ sh^ lay at tlie inht at anchor a storm ])arted 
her cable and all on boaril were drowne<l in the l)ay. 

DEATH or CAPTAIN JOSHUA STCDSON. 




Baritan Bay. The ])ri/.es were taken to 3I:ddletov, n. The 
Admiralty Coiirt, \\ liich adjusted ])rize cliims in his case, 
met at tlie hous(i of Isaac Wood, Mount Holly, and the 
vessels A\ere advertised to be sold at luibln; salt; at Free- 
hold Couil House, .Janua.r\' 1, 1781. Just a month ind'ore 
this sale, on Occemlier 1, 1780, Studson was killed l>y 
the Befiitive J>;icon. It would seem thai after takiuu; his' 
])i'izes to 3Iiddh-town l*o:ut, he sailed down the br'ach and 
into the inh't. and thtuui' up to Toms Biv(-r, probal)ly to 
lay up his vessel for wintei-. The ]»articulai-s of liis death 
ha\e been liande.l down as foHov\'s: 

Three men livin-' ahuig the I>ay, name-d Asa \\ ood- 



ItEATH OF CAT'TAIN J'JSHUA STUDSON. 20o 

maiisee, liirliMixl l)uiL('V anl Tliouiart Collins, lit^arin^- 
that fai'Tii product" was brinn'iu^- eKorl)itaiit prictis ainout;- 
the Britisli at Xew Yovk, loaded a whale boat with triu-k 
from farms aloii^- the hay and j>roceeded to Xew lork \)y 
way of old (^rauherry liilct, which y\as then open nearly 
opposite To]ns ]ii\ei-. These men wei'c" not known as 
Hefu^ieas, but uuderL;)ok the trip merely to make a little 
money by a kind of "running' the blockade'' business on 
a small scale. Tliey arriyt^d >aftdy in Xew \ork, sold out 
their produce, and were about returniuL;' home, when the 
noted liefu^-ee, Captain John B;icou, called on thein and 
insisted on takiuL;; passa;j;e bark in the whale boat. 
Much a;^ainst their will they were foi'ced to allow him to 
come on board. Tiiey arrixed near Cranberr}' Inlet be- 
fore sundown, and lay outside until after ilark, beinp,' 
afraid to yeuture in the bay during tlie day. In th(^ mean- 
time the patriot militia stationed at Toms liiver had m-ot 
wind of tlieir ]n'oceediiii;s, and beiu-- detei mined to put 
a sto})ti> the contraband trade, a small ]>arty under com- 
mand of Ijieutenant Joshua Studson took a l>oat and 
went across to tlie inlet and concealed themsehes hehind 
a ])oint just insid.'. After dark the vdiaie Ix.at came in, 
but no sooner had it rotmded the jjoint than to tin- con- 
sternation of those on board they saw tlie h )at of the 
militia so close by tliat tht-re was no a[ipa!'eiit chance of 
esca])e. IJen.ti nant Studson s-oud up in his boat ;i.nd 
called n])ou them to surrender. The untortunate specai- 
lators were unarmed and in fayo)- cA yn ld:n^f, hut l>acou 
knowini; that his life was already foi-teited, refused, and 
havinj^- his musket loaded, ^uddeidy tireiTwith so deadly 
an aim that the brave lit',iten;int in^^taritly drop}i;Ml dead 
in the bo.it. The suvhhn, unexpiM-ted hi'inu;, and the 
death of S:,uds;)n, tliri-w ta.' militia in.t > momentary con- 
fusion, and before the;,' could det-;,le how t > act tic 
Avhale boat was out of sijjht in the d.irkiie-s. The Juii- 
itia rowed ])ack to Toms liiver the same ni-ht, and. land- 
ing in front of the hous(\ some of the numbei- went up 
and aroused ^Irs. Stmlson, and told her the sad news. 
His un(>x}-»ected death, and so shortly after leavin-- liome. 



204 HISTORY OF .MONMOUTH AMD OCEAN COUNTIES. 

completely ovarAvhehneil lier with sorrow. The men pro- 
cured a blaulcet horn tlie house and went down to their 
boat, took the body u( Captain Stadson and put it in the 
blanket aud e-irriel it up to the house. 

The crew of the whaleboat, knov.-ing it was not safe 
for them to remain at home after this aifair, fled to tl:'.e 
British army aud were forced into service, but were of 
little use as "they were sick with the small pox, and suf- 
fered everything; l)Ut death,'' as one of them (Collinsi 
said, duriug their stay with the iiritish. Taking ad- 
vantage of one of General Wushington's prcjelamations, 
offering pvotectiou to deserters from the British army, 
they were afterwards allowed to return home. James 
Mills, an aged, respected citizen now living at Barnegat, 
born ISni). in his young days resided with one of the 
AYoodmansees ou the James Jones place, at Forked 
River, and frecpaently met one or two of these ill-starred 
blockade runners. Thomas Collins lived to an advanced 
age, and was ah\';iys l)adly scari'ed from the small })ox, 
which he caught within the British lines. 

Not long after tlie Vvar. Mrs, Studson married a man 
named Cliamberlain .-it Toms Biver. 

THE ATTACK OX TOMS BIVEB. 



]U:r;NlNO OF THE VILLACJE — CATTURE OF CAPTAIN .JOSHUA 
HUi)])i — A DAY OF HORRORS. 

In giving an .'iccouut of this att'air we shall first copy 
a brief statement from //r//V'",y (^'nlirrt'ions the editor of 
which visited the place in lbi-1'2 in search of histtuical 
infornnition relating to olden times in old Monnu)Uth : 

"In tlu' A_mei'ican lievolution, a rude fort or block- 
iiouse v\-:is erccti'd a short distance north (jf tlie l)]i;lge, 
at the viihige of Toms Biver, on a hill about a hundred 
yards east ot the ro.-nl to l^'reidiuld, on land now ludong- 
ing to tlie heirs of I>[iiiih Bobbin^, dec(\-ised. In the lat- 
ter part i>f the w.-ir. this bhickhouse was ;>.ltackt'd by a 
su}/onor lorce of the t^iiemy. ] is commander, Ca[»tain 
JosliPa. ilu(.ldy, most galhuitlv defejided it until ins am- 



THE ATTACK ON TOMS IJVER. 205 

muuitiou was exjieuded ami no alternative \n\i surren- 
der left. Alter the l)rave little garrison was in tlieir 
power, it is said they deliberately murdered tive men ask- 
ing for quarter. From thence Captain Huddy, Justiee 
Kandolph, and the remainiuj^ }nisiiners were taken to 
Xew York, where, sulterinii the varii)us T»rogrcssioiis of 
barbarity inHicted u})on those destined to a Niolent or 
lingering death, these two gentlemen, with a Mr. Fleming 
were put into the hold of a vessel. Captain Huddy was 
ironed hand and foot, and shoitlv after barbavfuisly 
hanged on the shore of the Highlands of Navesink." 

The tory organ, jyi r'l n:jtnn' s Ui.ijiO inizi-tte, of New 
York, gave the following account of the battle : 

"On Wednesday, the "iOth inst. iMirch, 1782,) Lieu- 
tenant Blanehard, of the armed whale l)oats. and about 
eici:htv men belonuinLf to them, with (.'attain Thomas and 
Lieutenant Eoberts, Ix^th of the late }3ucks Countv Vol- 
unteers, and between thirty and foriy other Fiefugee 
loyalists, the Avhtde under the comma id of Lieutenant 
Blancha)'d, proceeded to Sandy Hook under the c<>nvov 
of Captain Stewart Ross, in the arujed brig 'An-ou;ad,' 
where they were detained by unfavorable winds until the 
23d. About 12 o'clock on that night the party landed 
near the mouth of Toms River and marched to the Block 
House at the town <,)f Dover in<iw Toijis River), and 
reached it just at daylight. On their way tlu-y were cli;d- 
lenged and tired upon, and when they came to tlie works 
they found the rebels, consisting of twenty-tive or tv.cnty- 
six twelve moiiths' men and militia, apprized of their 
coming and prepai'ed for defem^e. 

" The }iost into wliich the rel)els luul tjimwn them- 
selves was six (^r seven feet Jiigh, mad;- wjtJi large h'gs, 
with loop-holes l)etween and a numljer of brass swivels 
on the top, which was entirely o[ien, nor was there any 
way of entering but by cllmbin.i^ over. They had, bt-sides 
swivels, muskets v/itli bayonets and long pikes for iheir 
defence. Lieutenant l)l.anchard summone'l them t'.> sur- 
render, whit'ji thev not onlv refused, b-ut bid tlie ])ai'ty 
defiance; on whicli Ju^ ijnnu'diatelv ordered tlie place to 



200 HISTOltY OF 1N[0N MOUTH A^"D OCEAN ('OU.\TIi:s. 

be stormeil, whit-h Avas accurdingiy doiut, and tlioiii^]i de- 
feudeJ with oltstiiiacv, -wa-s soon caniL-d. Tlic' rid)eis had 
niue men kiUod in tlu- assanU, and twelve madt^ ]))-is')Ur'rs. 
two of.wiioni are wouudeiL The rest made tindr cseape 
ill the confusion. Amon<4 the killed was a iNlajor of the 
militia, two (.';']>Lains and <me Lieutenant. The Captain 
of tlie twelve months' meMi stationed there is among the 
prisoners, who arr all lirought safe to town. On our side 
t\\() Were ki]]t-d — Limitenant Ii'edell, of tlu^ armed boat- 
men, and Lieudenant Inslee. of the Loyalists, lnjtli very 
l)rave otHeers, who distinguished themselves on the at- 
taek, and whose loss is uiueh lamented. Ideutenant 
Ivoherts and five others are wounded, Imt it is thought 
none of them are in a dangerous way. 

"The Town, as it is called, consisting of about a 
dozen Injuses, in v.hich none but a piratit-al set of ban- 
ditti i-esided, together with a grist and saw-nnll, were, 
with tJie LloL-k House burned to the ground, and an iron 
cannon spiked and thrown into the river. A fine large 
barge (ealled Hxier's barge, i and anothei- boat in whieh 
the reV»els u>ed to make their excursions (m tln^ coast, 
wei'e l)rought oil'. Sonu^ other atteni[)ts we're irdended to 
have been made, but the aj»])earance of ba;l weather, 
and the situati )n of the wounded, being without either 
surgeon or mediiiiu\^, induced the party to return to Xew 
lork A\iii-]-e tiuiv ariiA'e(l on the 'ioth. " 

The att;ick on Toms Liver was m;ele on Sunday 
morning, Mareh '.Mdh, 11>^'2. No T(U'y or bory sympa- 
thizer was tolei-ati'd in the village of Toms Liver, which 
was the only rea.-.on that eausetl U'l i:(ii<jti,!i s liinial 
ijazdt' to call its pe<)ple •"handitti. 

L})on thi' ap])roach e-f the Lritish, the Amerieans 
opened tire so elieeLinill\ tliat the Jb-itish .'i.ceount acknow- 
ledges th;'t sev,,'!! ^\,_re killeil or W(junded, though the 
damage intlicfd ujion theni must ha\e been gr(\ater. A 
negr>( lud'dgee killf-d, v-.as left 'by them outside of the fort 
for the Americ;i,ns to l.n.rv. 

What a terrihle ilay to the inhabitants f<f Toms Liver 
v.'as that memorai)le Sabbath I Piobabh- not less than a 



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CAPTAIN JOHN liACON. 207 

liuinlred woDien and chiUlrfU were reudeied lioineless ; 
the killed and Avounded demanded immediate attention ; 
husbands and fatliers were carried away captives, their 
honseliold goods, provisions — their all destroyed. Some 
families were entirely broken up, the heads killed, 
mothers nnd children scattered, never as families jneet- 
ing again. 

CAPTAIX JOHX BACON, 



THE REFUGEE LEADER OF MONMOUTH AND liUllLINOTON — AN 
OUTLAVr's CAI:EE!1 and H[S DUEADFUE E\I). 

This noted I{?fiig.-3 leadc-r, wlio-i^ n laie is so well 
remenibered by old residents of Monnioutli, Ocean and 
Burlington, appears in have contiued his operations 
chiefly to the lower })art of old MuumiHitli couiitv. lie- 
tween Cedar Creek in what is now Ocean county and 
Tuckertou in Burlington County. Hiselfor^s were mainly 
directed to plundering th*' dv.idlings of all well Ivuown 
p.cfcive raembers of the old ]\Ionniouth militia. Himself, 
and men were well acquainted with the roails ami p:iths 
through tlie forests of Burbugtiui and old 3Ionmouth, 
;uid had nujuerous liiding places, ca'o'^i.--. caves, A'c., in 
the woods and swam[)s, wlnn'e tliey could remain until 
some trnstworthy spy informed tlieni of a safe idiance to 
venture out on what w;is tiien teniu'd -a />'• '< rn,,niiuj t:^\- 
pedition. 

About Decemlx'r 1st. 17S0, Bacou kiUiMl Lieutenant 
Joshua Stuilson ; the particulars of tIjIs ,-! Ifair are given 
in the chapter relating to Hevolutionary * vents at Toms 
Biver during the Be volution. 

Auothei- airair in vvhich Bacon was a ])iomiuent actor, 
was the skinuisli at Mannahaw kin, in (.)ct an ctumt}', De- 
ceiubMr oOtli, ITS]. The militia of this place, under com- 
mand of Captain Beuben F. l^mdolph. liaving heard that 
]^a'-on. with his band, was on a raidiuu expedition and 
would jirobably try to plnnder some ot the patriots in 
that village, assembled at Ihe iiiu of ( a.ptain Baiidolph. 
prepared to give them a reception. .Vfte)' wait- 



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) I. 



208 HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

iiig Tiutil twn (ir til roe o'clock in tlio moririii;:^-, tliey cou- 
cluileil it was a i'also alavni, aiul sc^ rotired to rest, taking 
tlie ju'ecantioii to })ut out sentiaels. Just l)ct'ore daylight 
the liefugee.s came down the retail from the north on 
their way to AVest Creek. The alarm was given and the 
militia hastily tinned out. l>ut were compelled to retreat, 
as the l{,='fag8es lia I a much larger force than they anti- 
cipated As they were reti'eating, Bacons party tired 
and killed one of the patriots named Lines Pangborn 
and wounded another named Svlvester Tilton. 

After this ail'air Tilton removed to Colts Neck, near 
Freehold, where we believe liis descendants yet live. 

BACOX AT GOODLUCK, TOBKED BIVER AND 
AVARETOWX. 

Oa one of his }Mcarooning or raiding ex^p?litions, 
Bacon, with lifte?n or sixteen msn, plundered the dwell- 
ing house of John Holmes at Forked Biver, who then 
lived at the mill known in late years as Fi-ancis Cornelius' 
mill. The party camp?d in the wools, n3ar the house, 
until daylight, and then came and demanded money. 3[r. 
Holmes v.-as su|>posed to be s;>mewhat forehanded, and 
they hoped to have made a goo 1 haul. In the expecta- 
tion of such a visit he hid buried m in_v of his valuables 
in his gard'^u. The Bi'fugees ]")ointed a Ijayonet to his 
breast and threatened to kill him if the m )nev was not 
forthcoming. Mr. Holmes" wife happened to have some 
money about her, which she deliverel u]), and this 
seemed to satisfv them as far as money was concerned. 
They then ransacked the house a^id took provisions and 
such other things as they wanted. 

An ancient i)aper says that about the last of April, 
1780, "the B;d'ugees attacked th:^ house of John H>)lmes, 
l'p])er Freehold, and r.)bbeil him of a lai'Lie amount of 
ContiirMital money, a silver watch, gold ring, silver 
buckles, pistols, clothing, etc." It is |)ossibl(^ that this 
refers to the sam > allaii' ; if so. it o;-cu;-red in old Dover 
townshi}> instead of I'pp.'r Fit'ehold. 



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THE ArASSACTiE ON LONG liEACH. 200 

Bacon's pir'v, a: this tim^, entered the houses of 
the Prices and took whatever they couhl carry, though 
we believe these patriots, like others iu those dark days, 
kept buried iu gardtms aud fields many things they feared 
the Eefugees might covet. 

Among other zealous Americans for wlioni ]>acon 
liad strong autipatliy were Joseph So]:)er aud his son 
Reuben, botli members of Captain Reuben F. Raiulolph's 
militia company. They lived about half vray between 
A^'arptown and Barnegat, at a place known as " Soper's 
Landing." His attentions to the Sopers were so frecpient 
that they often had to sleep in the adjacent sv/amps 
along Lochiel l)rook. 

Mr. Soper's sou Reuben was murdered by Bacon on 
Lou" Beach, about a mile south of Barnegat Inlet. 

At one time Mr. Soper had received pay for building 
a small vessel. AVilscui, a treaclierous em])loyee, acci- 
dentalh was a witnes-; to bis receiving- tlie money, but h^' 
did not know the amount. After Wilson had lett, Mr. 
Soper suspected he would inform Bacoj, aad so lie 
divided his money into two parcels ; a smill aanount in 
one parcel and the largei' part in another, aud then buried 
both lots in separate |)laces not far from the liouso. 

Mr. Soper at tliis time had taken refuge in the 
swamp, anil th'' house was occupied only by wom^n and 
young cLiidren. Tlhdr threats com})eHe 1 th;^ women to 
lead them int(3 the garden to the spot where the smaller 
amount of money Avas buried, after receiving which 
they seenied to be satistit'd, thinking it vras all tlie\ h;ul. 
They then returned to tlr^ house ami made a c-k^an swee}). 
Among otlier things taken by Bacon at tliis time was one 
of Mr. Soper's shirts, v^-hich afterwards served as Bacon's 
^\•inding sheet, as he v\"as subsequently killed with it on. 

THE :\[ASSACRE OX LOXG BEACH. 

BACON KILLS CAI'TAIV STEELE AN, UEUl'.EN' SOI'Ei; ANO 
OTHERS — MrRDER OV SLEEPLXO .MEN. 

This was the most atrocious altair in which Bantu 
was engagk'd. Idie inhuman massacre of slcejiing ntfu 



.;i 



•210 



niST(M;Y OF MOXMOlTir AND OCEAN COrNTIES. 



was ill kecj)iu;_r \vitii the nieuioral)le affair iit Cliostuut; 

>se(.-k. near TuckertDn. when Count Pulaski's guards were 

murdered Oy tLe British and llet'uu-eos. 

The massacre at l^ong Beaeh took phu-e about a 

mile south of Barn;'_;a^ liuhtdiou<e, and thei-e were, we 

think, more men kilhnl and wounded then than in any 

other action in that part ot' Old ^ronnioutb now com- 

})rised within the limits of ()cean county. 

A toiv ]);ipcr gives the followdnu' version <<( the atfaii-: 
"A catt*n" from ( )stHiid, hound to St. Tliomas, ran 

a<rround o!i Daj'n.'L/at Shoals, ()('tol)er '1~), 17S'2. The 

^ , ... 

American gjdlcy 'Alligator." ("aptam Steriman. fi-cnn 

Cape Ma\'. with twentv-tive men, pluiidered Uti-r on 

Saturday uigld hist of a quantity of Hyson tea and otluu' 

valuahle articles, hut was attacked tlie same night h-v 

Captain John liacon, with nine men, in a small hoat 

called tlu' ■ Hpr'.>'s Rev<-ngc.' who killed Steeluian and 

wounded the First Lieutenant, and all thr^ party e.N.ceVt 

four or hve were either kdhM.l oi' wouudt-d.' 

In this account the numh.'r of Steclman's men is 

doul)th;s> overestimat "1 and J>:ij.)n's und^resliniated. 



THE jh:.vth or bacon. 



The following account (""f tln^ detitli of I'acon was 
frirnished to the New York Historical Society hy th^ hde 
(rovernor Cv-orge Y. Fcn-t. 

".Tohn liacou was a. notorious llefugee who had com- 
mitted manv depnMlat'on:^ along tlie shores of ]\[onmout]i 
and Burlington counti(^s. After having lieeu a ti^rror tt^ 
the people of this section fo]- sunu' time. John Stewart, 
of Arne\town, (aft<'i\vards Cajitain Stewart i. resoh.ed, if 
jiossil)le, to take him. There had Ijeen a ivward of fifty 
})ouljd^; sterling otteriMJ hv flit' (4()\-ernor and Cruim-il for 
ids c.i]iture, dead or aliv<_\ A sliort time ]irevious, in an 
eiig;ig('m«''nt at ('edar Creek Bridge. r>a:-o)i and Ids com- 
]>any had discomlited a c< 'usidieralde o<)d.y of State 
troop,^, killing a l>rot!i."f of .lotd Cook. Burlinu'ton county, 
^\ liich excited niuch alarm and exasperated the whoh^ 
county. On tlie orcasion of his ai'rest. Captain Stmvart 



THY. i>]:at}{ (1f i;aco\. -Jll 

to(.ik \vitli liiui Joel ('t)i»k, Jiilii] l>ru\vij, Thomas Siuitli, 
•Toliu Jones, ;ni;l aiiotlicr jt.'rs(_)U wliose nanu: is not rot'ol- 
lected, anJ started in [)ursrtit, well armeil. 

Tliev traversr-(l the shore and fouml l^aron sfparaacd 
from his men at the puMic In use or eal)in of AVilliam 
liose, between AVe--t Creek and C'himtown mow Tuidcer- 
toui. in l>uriinu;ton Oonnty. The ni,u,])t v\-a.s verv dark, 
and Smith beinL!; in advance of the party, a|i|)roaclied the 
house, and diseo^■ered through the window a man sirtini;- 
with a eun between his knees. He immediatelv in- 
formed his eompardons. On arrivinu' at the hoiise. ("a])- 
tain Stewart opened tlie door and 'presentinu,- his mnslcet 
demanded a surrender. The fellow sprauij.- to his feet, 
and eciekiuL;' his ^-un wa.s in tht^ ac-t of hrin^in^' it round 
to the hrt'a.st of St^^wart. when tlje latter, instead of di>,- 
ehar^-in^u; his pieee, closed in with liim and sueeeeih-d af- 
ter*;', scuhle in briniidni^ him to the floor. He then 
avowedi himself to he John J>at-on, anil a.sked for ([uarter. 
wluch v.;is at once readily ^ura.itetl to him 1)\' Stewart. 
Thev arose from the ti )or. and Stewart 'still reta.iiiiriL:.- ]ii.- 
hold on ]>aconi called to Cook, who. when lie disco\'ered 
the su|!|:i()sed mnrd<'i'er of Ids 'nrotlu'r. l)ecame exasper- 
ated, and stejipin^ l)ack L;a\(' IJacon a l)a\"onet tljrnst un- 
known to St-^wart oi' his companions. ]]acon a]»peared 
faint aiid hdl. AfttM- a short time he rec(»vered and at- 
tempted to escape l)v the hack door. Stewart ptislied a 
table against it. Dacon hurh^d it aw a} and struck Stew- 
art to the tloor. o])ened the do ,i-, ai)d aeain attempted to 
}ia-.s out; but was shot by Stewart i who Inid regained 
his ff et) v.hile in tin- act. The ball passed through his 
body, tlirtuigh a part of the biulding, and stiaiclv the 
breast of Cook, who liad taken })osition at the back door 
to prevent egress. Cfjok's com])ani.)ns were ii;norant (^f 
tlie fat-t that he Inid given IJacim the ba\"onet Avouml, 
and would scarcfly credit him wlien lu' so informed them 
on their wav ]n)me. Thev examun/d Ijacon's body at 
-NbiU'it ?>Iisery. and the wounds made by both l)a}i)net 
• Old ball Were ol)\ioUs. Tlle\- brought his dead bodv to 
Jacobstown, l')Urlinu-ton countv, and v.'ere in the act t^f 



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'2l'l iriSTOItY OF MOXMoFTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES^. 

Imrying it in tli*' public hiuliAvay, near tlie villaiiT in tlie 
])resen(,-e of man^' ritizi-n.'^ who liad colUn-ted on tlic occa- 
sion, when ]>acon s hrotlnn' ap])''ai'ca anion;^' thcni auil 
after much entreaty succetMh'^il in olitainin,i;- his Ixxly for 
private luiriaL"' 

This atf'air took ])]ac(^ on Thnrschiy eveninii;, A}>ri[ 
Hrd. ITS:-'.. 

The liefui^ee leaders i]i our State — Hettiehl. ])aco]i. 
Lip}iencott, Davenport, ]\loo(ly and others — all (h)ulitles- 
lield co]nniissions from the '• ]3oard of Associated Loval- 
ists,'" of which the Presideiit was William Franklin, tlie 
hist Ih'itish Governor of New Jersey. 



DICK IJIRD, 



'J'HE rOTTEKS TltEEK OTTLAW. 

This scou)\drel, who was ])rolial)l\' one of Daven- 
port s .u;ane-, was exceedinjj;ly ol)noxious to the Americ-ans 
ou account of outra.ees in Avhich he was concerned. He 
Avas intimately acijuainted with all the roads and 1)\- 
paths in the wocjds and swamt>s in old Dover t(nvnshin. 
wliicdi then exten(h-^d to Oyster Creek. Tradition savs, 
that early in the war ho had a cave near tlie head-waters 
of Cedar Creek. 

Near Quail linn was a woman of low character, whom 
lie often visited. On the (hiy he was shot he called «)n 
liei- ; she told him as the militia were after liim, thev 
Avould tind him ther.', and advised hini to go to a less 
8US])ected })lace. He was seen by some patriotic women, 
Avho sent information to his ])ursners. who sm-prisei] him 
at the house while the woman was sittim; on his la]t. Ih- 
sprang for his musket, which m.ls in the chimney corner, 
and just as he i-eached it his pursuers tired thr()U<^di the 
\\in(h>w and killed liim instantlv. 



«i;ri;i- A )ia 



THK rj:ru<;EE davi:ni'oi;t and his dka'jh. -21:; 

THE ijErr(4]:i: dayexpoiit at eoPvKi:!) 

lUYEEv, AND HIS DEATH. 

(^11 the tirst of Juno, 17S-2. Davenport with eii;-lity 
men, lialf ot wliom were hlai'k and half white, in two 
h)ng l)ai-,u-es laiuh'Ml at Eork-nl Fiiver. first on the nortli 
side ■wIjpvh tlie^- denianded provisions of Samuel and 
James AVoodmanst'e. hrothers wlu) then livtMl on the 
James Jones and Jose})h Hohnes pLaces. They tlien 
proceeded to the sonth Inanch of Forked lliver, to the 
lioiise of Samnel Br(v,vn. an active member of the militia, 
who then lived on the jilac;' owned som^ twenty odd 
years a,i;"o by Jolin Wrip'lit, still known as the Wright 
place. They jdundered his hoiis)-, hurnt his salt works, 
and came near ('a])turing Mr. I^rown himself, who just 
had time to escape to the woods. Mr. Drown often had 
to sleep in the woods f(»r fear of Itefugee raids at night. 

After coni|)leting their work of destruction, the two 
barges ]n'oceeded down Forked liivcr to its nn-uth, when 
one went up the bay, wliilt' the other with Davenport 
himself proceeded down the liay with the intention of 
destroving tlu' srdt works of the Americans at Waretown 
and vicinity. Davenport exiiected to meet with no op- 
position, as he supposed no militia were near enougij to 
check him. l^ut before he reached ( )yster C'riM'k he per- 
ceived a boat heading foi' hinj. ilis crew advised him to 
turn Ijack. as the^' said the other boat must have some 
advantage oi- tliey v\'ould not venture to apprt^ach. 

Davenport told them the^■ oidd see the other boat 
had fewer men. and ridiculed their fears. He soon found, 
hov-ever, why it was that the American boat ventured to 
attack them. Daveiiport's men had only muskets with 
which to defend themselv^-s : the Americans had a can- 
non or swivel, a.ndi when within proper distance they dis- 
charged it with sti elVertive an aim that l)aven])ort, who 
was standinu' up in the boat, wa-^ killeil at the iirst dis- 
charge, and his bai'u;*' danniged and up^>et by his frigiit- 
ened rrew. it happtMied that th*!' watei- was only alxjut 
four feet oee]> and his ci'cw waded ashore and landed 



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214 HISTOIIV OF ."MoN.MOUni ANli (KT.AN COT'NTIICS. 

near Oyster Creok, imt fur from tii ' })lai-e lately owiumI 
by James .Vmlersoii. dee.^asiHl. ;i;!>l tliu-^ I'scaped. sratt(n'- 
iiig tlienist'lvfs ill various ilii'.M-tious in tliK woo, Is ;iinl 
swain})S. The lateJoliii (Rollins of D-irue^at rem -iiilt." ed 
some of them calliii'j: on his father ami othei' (Quakers 
beggiujj; for provisions. 

l)ack of Toms lli'.er is a str;'am calhMl Daveiijiort's 
Branch, which some suppcist^ to Jiavi- deprived its iiaiiii-> 
from his having |ih-ici-s (»f courfalii) Mit on its ]);iiiks, hut 
this is an error, as th.^ stream w.is kii >\\'n h -fore the war 
as " Dav(>ni)ort's Ta\ern ]5ranc]i."* 

Samuel thrown. al)ove named, after the A\'ar removed 
to Manuahaw kin airl lias many desfi-ndaiits now living 
there and elsewhere. 

MANXAHAWKLX IX THE likAOLrTJON. 



Maniiahaw kin, dnriiiL;- th" II volution, was noted for 
the }>at]-iotism of its citi/ens. l-'roni a manuseript origin- 
ally found in Cougressioiial lieem-ds, hut now in the 
library of the New Jersey Historical Society, it ;ip)tears 
that the militia company here was cdled the I'ifth ( 'om- 
pany of Monmouth, lveul)en F. Lhmdolph. cajit.-du, and 
Nathan Crane, lieut'-nant. C'aptain JiandolpJi was ori!;i- 
iiallv from Midddesi-x; c(mntv. Abour the tinn' of the war, 
he ke])t the puMic liovise at Mannahawkin. His sons. 
Thomas and Job, were in his companv. As tlie names of 
the heroic men of his com})any shonld ]»e preserved as 
far as possilile, and ^'Specially by tli 'ir Vscendants, we 
give a list of such as we have ascertained. 

FIFTH COMFAXY, MOXMOITH 3111X11.1. 



Fieubeu F. Ihuidolph, captain : Xathan Crane, lieu- 
tenant ; Jjimes ^larsh, ensign. 

Pilvates — Miclpud F>-'nnett, Jeremiah 15ennett, Sam- 
uel IJennett, Israel J>enningron, Joseph Brown 1st. Josejdi 
Brown 2(1, .loseph Cnmburn, 'I'hoinas (Jlnnnberlain, 
AViUiam Cas.-.(dma,n, Luke Coujtney, Seth Ci-ane. Amos 



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Curt'oe, ])avi;l PIdwcIK David Jolmsoii, Tiioiuas .jolinsou, 
David JdiK^s, Thomas Ktdsoii, P]ii]ip Palnu-v. -^v.. 1)0U- 
janiiii P. Pe\ars')i!, iMMijaniin Paul, luioi'li Jieal, Job Pvau- 
ilolpli. Thomas Pamlolpii, ! )avi J Suiitli. •Lxr-ph Soj-'er, 
Pveulx'ii Si.|nM-. /acliatiali S;mthai\l. Jt'imy Sutton. Lines 
Pau,u,l)ura, Svlvost'^r Tilton. 

Of the above, lioul) -ii So]):^r was killnd ])v the Pofu- 
<^feps on T^oiip; ]jeacli. in ( )ctoli(']', ll^^'I. He ]fft a ticui, 
named Pmibeii. '.vho lias cldldi'di still li\iuu', among 
them Mivs, (ieor;j,'e A\'. Li])j»enrott, of Tucke^iton. who has 
preserved stn'oi'al intert-stim;- old-tiuic ivlics: and her 
In'othcr, also jiamcd Pii'uhi ii Sojier. inlu-iitinu" the }iatriot- 
ism of his ^vandf.i'-h.'r, iMilistcd in tli-^ Pnioii ai'iuy, in thi^ 
IJidxdlioii, was mortalh' wounded, and died tlil'ee weoks 
aftiT in SatrrhM' In isjiita.l. Uncs Pann-hurn was killed in 
the skirmish at ]Mannaha \vkin. DtTtMnlier ilOtlj. 17^1. 
Svlvester Tilton was i]anu;:<'rou:^l\" woundcl at tlio samr 
time. One of thi' francs was wounded n^ar his own 
residenee. 



THE OLD TLNXKNT OHIPdi. 



The Pi(-v. ,T. y. Halsi'V. wlio was foi- two years a 
JMislor of the (diurrh, wr(~)tc to the editoi- of the. J/c/>- 
iiL'nitl, J), ninrfif in IsTM, i^ivin^' him infoi-mation relating- 
to this hi^to]-ica] old (.-hurcli, wliicli ^v■H copv. He writes: 

" Li tlu' early historv of the Pres]»\terian Ciiurrh in 
3Ionmouth rouijt\', X. d., a .-])rcial mcetinL; was Indd to 
pi'ay that the Lonl v.'ou.hl >,end the]n a minister, and at 
that meeting;" ;i Mr. r":irr Avas >,tdei-ted to u'o to the \jO'J, 
C'ollege inoAv Hartsviile, Ta. ■, whr-re the Falhv^r of the 
Tfnmerds jui^aehed and tau.uht. Idioii^h it v.as at har- 
vest time, so eaL;cr was ^Ir. ('an' to e^ei-ute his mission 
tliat he starteil the 'eiy next daw Wdien he had madti 
known the ohjert i)f hi^ \•i^it, lie •could eet none of the 
sons to constMit to l;o. Pat as lu^ h fr to return home he 
said: 'So sure am 1 that 1 have eoiiu- on the Lord's 
e>rand, and Ih.at (>ur pra\-ers will he huorahU answereil, 
that Psh.a]! not reaeh lioiiu' before \(ui will send for me 



1.7/ (• • 



•■..i:l-|. 



! .'.•■., 



•is', ( |-'«' ' I I, !(■ li' ' '/ ' ». 



I I.IJ 'II 



' .-(l 'I.. 1 ..', -.1. 



1 mU 



210 HISTORY OF MUXMOU'J'U AN]> OCEAN COLMIES. 

fiud assure me tliat I liave ijot taken tliis jouiiiey in vain,' 
and so bid tlieni faTcwcll. 

'■And sn]'c ciii)Ui;'h. lie liad jiot i^one on his ^vay 
more tliaii a ie\v miles l)et()Vt' a mrssen^er (jvertook him, 
eallini;' him hack, anil assured him that li^v. .lolui Ten- 
iient would return v^itli him as their minister, wliieh he 
did. He Hvcm] and labored amniiL'; them h'ss tliau two 
years, and ^\■as sucrneded l>y his hrothtr. Eev. ^^dlliam 
^ Tennent, A\iii> labored ;it I'reeliold forty-ei^dit years. au>l 
is burii'd in the aisle of tlie chnrrh. 

■'I said lln'it .Mr. (\arr went on his mission to Xey- 
handne-s, 1^1., lea^inu' Ids hai'vcst unreaju^-l. Whentlie 
farmers had hiirriedlv i^'athrred in tlndrs. feelin;:;' tliat he 
had goiie on their busin-'ss as well as his o\vu---that iie 
was tlie ehureh's ser\ant — they turned out and eut his 
gr<dn for him. ainl ]Mr. Cair, on his return, found it put 
up in sliocks in the field. A sudden ami long rain eom- 
peded him to leave' it standing so, and so it haiipeued 
that wlien the next season for sowing ajaived the best 
seed gi'ain was 3Jr. Carrs. as his neighbors had gathered 
ill tlioirs before it was thoroughly ripened, and many 
a})plied to him for seed. 

" Such was the tradition told me more than half a 
century ago by smne of my aged elders, who tlnMuselves 
liad been gatlaM-ed into the t-hureli under the ministry of 
llev. William Tennent. .1. F. Halsey."" 

YbSITOUS AT THJ': JbVTTLE GllOUND. 

THE 01-1) TENNEXT ClirilCH AM) EAitSONAGE. 

The autlnu- of the Field I>o<ik of the ] {evolution says : 
"J visited the battle ground of ^lonmoutli towai'd 
the close of Se])tember, Ls.")!). and had tlie good fortune 
to be favored with tlie eom])ain' of ])oetor John V» ood- 
liull, of Freehold, in mv ramble over that interesting 
locality. Dr. A\'oo(lliull is the son of th<^ beloved minister 
of that name who sueceeih'd llev. William Tennent in tln^ 
])astorial care of tlu^ cougrei^fation th;d worsjiipped in the 
Freeliold meetiiig-iioiise, ami who, foi- fort\-si\ conseeu- 



,.. ,-,; ,... ?.:•.•.' ;<•;■) 



A) 



..< I.MU ,••' JJiMl'tK I- 



/III !• 

. Milt • 



YlsnoiIS AT THK r.ATTLK GIIOrXD. '117 

tive years, pveaclietl and |)ravtMl iti tliat vt'ueratf'(l cliaiirl. 
Dr. AVooJliuU ^v•as liorii in tlio parsonage yet n]i"ii the 
l)attle grouiiil, and is so t'ainili;ir witli »'^erv locality and 
event conneeted with the eontliet, that I felt as if travers- 
ing the Itattle tield with an aetor in tlie scene." 

Mr. Lossing next speaks of a heavy storm which 
c()m])elled him to tak<* shtdter in the old Tennent church; 
resting his portfolio on the high hack of an old }iew" he 
sketched a picture of the neat monujiunit erected to the 
]neniory of llcv. John ^^'oodhnll, D. D., who died Xo- 
vember '2±]. lM'2 1, aged Ml years. He next rehq-s to liov. 
"William Teiment who was |)astor of that flock for forty- 
three yeais, a.nd then sa\ s : 

^ "When the storm ahated we left the church and 
]>roceeded to the hattle ground. The old pars(>nage is in 
tlie p<resent (iossessiou of Mr. AVilliam T. Sutphen, who 
has allowed the parlor and study of Tennent and A\oi>d- 
liull to he used as a de})ository of grain an<l of agricul- 
tural im}>lenu'nts I 'J'he careless iK^glect which permits 
a mansion so hallowed by religion and |)atriotie events 
to fall into ruin is actual (h^secration, and mach to be 
reprehended and deplored Tiu^ windows are destroyed, 
the roof is falling into the chambers, and in a few years 
not a vestige will be left of that veneral>le meuu'nto of 
tlie 'field of Monmc^udi." 

"We visited the spot where Monckton fell: the 
})]ace of the causeway across the morass (now a sundl 
bridge n[)fui the main road i ; and aftei' t:dcing a general 
view of the whole ground of contlict and sketching a pic- 
ture, returned to F)-echold. 

"It had been to iue a day of rarest interest and. 
}>lcasure, notwithstandini; the inclement weather, for no 
battle-field in our country has stronger claims to the 
revei-ence of the American heart than that of the plains 
^)i ?don)iiou.th. ■••■ ••" "" ■■ • ■•■■ "- 

"Tlie men and wotnen of the liev(dution, but a few 
yeais since numerous in tlie neigliliui'hood of Freehold, 
liave passed away, ])ut the narrative of their trials during 
the war have left abidiii^ records of patj-iotism U|)ou the 



Ml' .' 



■ I r V 1 1 1 ■ ] '■' • I ■ I .' Mil 



■ .i ■■< /,) \, f. 



;; , .»! ' «^j. l< 'III 11/ J •"•< ' !'ii 



•21s UISTOnV OV MoNMOriH AND OfEAN roUNTIES. 

lieai'ts (if tli'MV (Us('t>iul. lilts. 1 liste'Rod to many tali^s 
coiiceniir.^- tlif ]^hu' HohLcrs ami otll^'r (l^'^^])<'liulot'S of 
tlie time, wlto k.-])t \hv people of Moinuou'li rouuty iu a 
state of I'oiitii'U.il alarm. ^Maiiv iiobh^ ileeds of daiiui;" 
were acliieAed ny the tillers of the soil ami their mothers. 
Avives ;ni(l sisters: a.ml while the tield of Monmouth 
attest'Ml the Oravejv and eiidn.iance of American soldier^, 
the iid.iahitants. whose Inmsehold-^ w.-re disturbed on 
that memorable Sabbath morninu' by the buude and the 
cannoii })eal, exhibited in their daily course the loftit.-st 
patriotism and manly (.•ouraL;e. ^^'e will leave the task 
of recordinu' tlie acts of their heroism to the pen of the 
local historian." 

The foUowiuu- item we hnd ])ubli.-,hed in a ma:.^a/ii>e: 
"Attentiou has latel\- l)een called to the condition of 
the o'l^-ne of ( 'oloiud Alouckton. in the burial L;)'ound of 
the Freehold TvItH^ini^ House, in ?^Ionmouth county, N. J. 
It should be ju-operh' cared for. for ^^[onckton. thor,_di a 
foeman to the .\mericans when lie fell moitallv woumh'd 
at the batth^ of ^[onmonlh. wa-^ a L;;illant olhcer, and a 
man of irre]>roachad>le nn»rad chiiracter." 

COLONEL MONCK'l'OX AND THE laiYAL OLLNADIl'.Ks ,T THE 
]'.ATTLE OF .MONMOUTH. 

Lieuten:int-( 'olonel Honorable H. .A[on<d-:ton, tren- 
erally called ('(.l(>n<d Moiickton, accoi-dinu' to both writ- 
ten and ti-aditionar\' accounts was one- of the most 

I liono]-able ollicers in the service of the jbitish — accom- 
plished, bra.ve, of splendid pei'sonal appearance, and ol 
ii'reproatdiabli' moral charactei'. He was in the battle ot 

[ -IjoiiM Ishimi iu Au;iUst, 177<), wlieii he v. as shot throULih 
the body, and lav for m.any w<'ek>. at tlie ]>oint of death. 
He recovered, ainl fo!' his L;aHantry on that ('ccasion was 
]>r(unoteil from the Idfth Company, Secoml (irenadiers. 
to bt- liieutenant-C'olonel, and was in couunand of the 
battalion at the J.'a.rtle of ^roinnouth, in \\ h'ch the I'ir^t 
and Second ]!o\al Gi'enadiers bore a conspicuous ]iart. 
an<l in a i-har-e the heroic- >b)nckton ami the liieater 
jiarl of the i>ihc. IS of the (Inuiadiei's — the llowei- of tin' 
Jbilish arn!\- -fell from a terrible tire from the .Vnnricans 



'■ »llj Hi 



VISITORS AT 'IETF. liATTI.E (UlOUND. 



L>1U 



Tiiidov (leDH'val \\';iyiio. Tlic spot wliere Colonel ]\[o!uk- 
ton ^vas kilK'il is s;i 111 to ])(■ aboiitnolit roils uortli-ca'^t 
of the old paisoiia^e of tlie TtMiueiit Cliurcli. and he \vas 
buried about six feet from the Ast-st end of tlu- ehuridi. 
About thirty vears a^"> a. board was set up to mark his 
grave by William ]|. \\ ilsoii. a native of Scotlaixl. who 
Avill 1ou:l;- and fa\"(U-ablv l)e reiiiembered bv hiiiidn ils of 
citizens of ^fonmonlh and ( )cean as a successful teacher 
and for his many ^ood (pialitics of iiead and heart. He 
died at Fork-^d IJive'r, in Ocean countA", thirtv-tive vt^ars 
fig'O, and the respect retained for him liv his old scholars 
near the l)attle-ground and elsewhere in rvioninouili. was 
evidenced b\' the fact of their sending for his bod\ ami 
giving it a suitable final resting j)lace in the vicinity (:>f 
his iirst hdxns in tJiis cnuutv. Mr. AVilson, oi' "'Doniinie "" 
AA ilson, as he \\as familiarly t-alled on acc-oU]it of his 
once having heen a ch-igyman, deserves a nioi'e extended 
notice than we have space to give. 

Oil the board pie])ar(Ml and set up by Mr. Wilson 
■\vas inscribed : 



Hie .lACKl 
( '(iI.oNKI, ^IiiNt KTi.N. 

Ivillcil -is .Iniie, i77:s. 

\v, i:. ^v. 



]\Ir. AVilson mav ]ia\-e Ixnni induced to put up the 
l)oard. by iioliciiig that in the J't^niniscences of the balth^ 
pul)lisheil by fl.'iu'y ll!>we, who visited the ground in 
18i'2, attention was called to the fact that no monument 
marked tlie ;.;i-ave. 

In iS'A), ilenson J. .lj.)ssing \ isited the liatile ground 
and made a sketcli of tlie head-l)oard whicii was given 
in his ^ahmide work, tlie [■'jeld liosik of the lieNolulion. 
and it i-< also given in a late nund'T of the American 
PTistoric-al It 'cord. Mr. l^nssing sa\-> tliat when he vi>,il(-d 
the gra\e '"the only nn >nument that marked tiie S])i)t was 
a ])laiii board ]iain-ted led, much \\»'at!ier Avorn, on v hicli 
'vvas dra'vvn in black letters the insiM'ij ition seen in the 
]uctui'e given. 'Idie 1)oard liad been set U}) some years 
befoi'e bv a Scotch s(dio( /Imaster iiamed William A\ il- 



220 HISTORY OF :M0N.M<)UTII AM) OCEAN C( »UNT1F.S. 

^.oi!, win:) tiuiL^lit 111!' \oniii;' people iu the sflii)<)lli'.Mi>e 
npon the gi'L't^n luar the old ^IeetiiJ<j,h()U.se."" Jii speak- 
iii<_;; (if Colonel ^foin'kton he savs : "At the lu-iid of his 
fvenailiers on the lii'ld of Moniin)iith, he kent thejn sihiit 
until thev were, v.iihin a few rods of tln^ American^, when 
Avavm;;' his swoid he shoiiteil, "Foi\\ard to th(' iduir^el' 
Our General AVayiic v, as on his front. At the same nio- 
nieiit " ]Mad Anthonv"" ,L;ave a siunal to tii'e. A ten-ihlo 
volley ]ioiired destruction u[)oii Mom-ktou s Lirenadiers 
and almost evcrN' British ol'ticcr fell. Aujouust them was 
their brave leader, (her his hodv the i-ornbalants fought 
desjieratelv until tht^ AnuM-ieans s(M'Ui-ed it and horc it to 
the rear."' 

CAPTATX 3IOJJ.Y TITCHEli. 



HKl: r.KAVEKV AT l"Oi:T CI.I.NT(JX and .MON.MOITH — 
HEi; SAD END. 

From various articles rtdatin;^- to this noted woma.n 
the following- are selected : 

"The stin'v of a woman v. ho rendered essential ser- 
vice to the AnnM'icans in the battle of Mrmmouth is 
founded on fact. She was a female of masculine jii')uld, 
and dressed in a nn>ngi-e] suit, witli the petti'-oats of her 
own sex and an artiller\ nuuis coat, cock^-d hat and 
feathers. Tlie anecdote usually related is as follows: 
Before the armies engaged in general action, two of the 
advanced l)atteries commenced a sev<'re tire against each 
other. As ihe heat v>as exct-ssive, ]Molly, who was the 
Avife of a cannonier, constantly ran to bring her husband 
water frorii a neighboring spring. AVhile passrng to his 
post she H'dv: him fall au-i on hastening to his .issist.-inc)', 
found him dead. \t the same moment she heard an of- 
licei- order the cajuioii to l)f removed from its phu/e. com- 
plaining he could not till his post with as lirave a man as 
had been killed. "No,"" said the intrepid ?^Iolly. rixing 
lier eyes up'on the i.llice]-. "ilm cannoji shall not be re- 
moved fo)- the want of some one to sei\«' it ; sinci- my 
brave hu^>band is no moi-e, ] uii! ust- iiiy utmost e-xej-- 
ti(ms to avenue his death." 'J'ln- activity and courage 



TIUAJ. Of KEY. WILLIAM TENNKXT lOi; I'KL.TrKY. -il!! 

\vitli Mliirli sli(^ perl'oniKHl the uttieo of raiiiinnier (lui-iiiu;; 
tlit^ Hcticju, uttrurtoil the attcntit.ni of all wlio \\ itin^ss'-il 
it, Hud tinally of \A a^shingtrm himself, who aiterwavd Li.aw 
her tlie rank of lieutenant and i^ranted her half pay dur- 
ing life. Slie Avore an t'})aulette and was called ever after 
Captain 3L)lly. — //-///•< "x ( \ilUi t'lons. 

Lossinij; in the I'ield Book of the Kevrdution thus 
mentions Molly Pitcher: 

"Ca];>ta!n Molly was a stout, reddiaired, freckled- 
faced young Irish woman with a haudsonif. [litncing eye. 
The Frencli officers, <-harnjed l)v ths/ st(U\'of her livavery, 
made her niany prese^its. She would sometimes jiass 
along the Frencli lines witli her cocked jiat an>l get it al- 
most tilled witli crowns." 

The same writer visited the locality of Forts Mojit- 
goiuery and C'lintcui (m the Hudson, where Molly Pitcher 
ended her days and tliere found old residents who "re- 
meml)ered. the famous Irish woman calh--d Captain 
Molly, the wife (^f a cannoiiier who wejiked a field piece 
at the l)attle of ^lonmouth on the death of her husband. 
She generally dr^-ssed in the p»etticoats of her sex with 
an artiller\ man s coat ovei-. She wa.s in F(n't Clint«ni 
•with her husband whi']i it Mas attackeil in 1777. When 
the Americ-ans recreated from the fort, as the enemy 
scaled the ramp.-irts her husband drop[ie(|. Ids matcli aiid 
lied. Molly cauglii it up, touched oft' the ]tiece and then 
fscampered oti'. It was the hist gun the Americans tired 
in the fort. ,Mrs. Pose remembered hei' as "Dirty Kate,"' 
living betAseen Fort ^lontgoiuery and i3uttermilk F;d]s, 
at the (dose of the war, where slie died ;i li(n-ril)le death 
frcuu sy])hil;tlc disease, ^^'asilington had lionoi'ed her 
^\ith a lieutenants commission for hei' bravery e)n the 
field of Monmouth nearly nine months after the 1-attle, 
vvlic'ii re\iewii'g its events."' 

THF ItKMAPKAPLF TPIAL OF PFV. WIIJ/IA^E 

nyxNFXT i-op PEP.irpY. 



The i>>mai-':ab]e ti'ial of Ih.'v. A\'illiani Teiineut. of 



'I'l'l HISTORY OF .ArnXMoI'TH AX1> OrEAX CttUXTIES. 

tlie olil Teniieiit C'liurrh, for jiorjurv, took ]^l;iee at Trt'i\- 
ton in 174"i before Cliiei .Tustirc liolH-rt Hunter ^[oviis. 

The intlietnient n.])(>n "wJiic]! Mr. TennrMit \v;is ti'ied 
was one of a series of iiidictnit-nis all ui'owin^;- oat of the 
s;tine tvaiisaetion — th*- alJei^fd stealing' of a liorse hv the 
]vev. Ml', liowhand : aiul the indiviilual who was the cause 
of all the v\'oes aiid ]>ei'ils whieh befel the unfovtunatt- 
<ientleinen who were -^n|l|>o.se(l to he ini}ilieat;-(h was a 
nott>rious sc-oundrel nam. d Tom l^ell, whose exitloits 
wouhl not suth'V liv a (-(Uuiiaiason wirh thostr- of Jonathan 
AVild o\- Jack Siiejipard. He was an aih/pt in all the art> 
of fraud, theft, rooluyry and foi-^ery. JJut his ehief 
anuisenient eonsistdl in M'a\e}in>4 from ruie juirt (^f the 
countrv to another ]>ersonatint;' dilterent individuals an.d 
assuming a v;irit^tv of cluo/aeters. l>y tui'iis he ^\•as a 
sailor, a merchant, a lauvfu-. a (h)ctor. a j-reacher. and 
sustained each c-liararri'r in suc-h a wav f(U- a time as to 
impose on tiie ))ul)]ic. The latt- dnd^e liieliard S. Tield. 
ir> a ])a])er read he'dn- t]:e New .ferse\: Fiistoru-al Sorietv 
in 1851, reviewing; rli- rc-]iorts of this ren;arivalile trial, 
furnished (juite a list of t!ie mk-iiee^s of th;< ^dliian. 

V>y far the nio-^t hriliinut <>! al! 'I'om Jiril's .achieve- 
ments v,as uiuiue^t i' >i!;,l.l\- th.-it Olil of ^v]dell urew tla in- 
dictment of Jlev. Willian: Tenntuit fo; o* rjnry. ft so 
ha])}iened tliat IJell i)r.]-,. a striking; resenjhlanre to Hi,- 
1h-v. ^Ir. llovdaiid. a jx.jiular virt^acher of th.- da;\ . an<l a 
frieu.l and associate of AVliitheld .-tnil tln^ 'la'iineiits. 

One evening;' ]>• 11 made his apjiearaiice at .a ta\er!i 
in I'rinceton die>>ed in a daik uiey ciiat Hf there nn-t 
John Stockton, j''s(j.. father of Jlichaid Siockton. a si'jner 
e;f the iJerlaratnui of Inrleiiendi nc(-. u iio. (•.)min'^" Uji to 
him. at once accosted him as the }(ev. ^Iv. Ilowland. and 
invitei] hiiit to his lioe.se. Ijell assur*^d Inm tlia.t lu' was 
mistaken--tiial lii.-, nan.ie was not Ihe.vlantl. ^Ir. Stoc-k- 
tcni acknow l.'dued h'-s f-) ro!-, an^i toiti him it ])rocee(ivil 
from the vei'\- dose re>cmiilat;<-f he hore to that i^entle- 
nian. 'I'liis link vcas .noULih foi' Tom \'>-'U. It at onv-e 
oc'-urred to hi:a tiiat heri' was a chanc"- for plaviiej,' ouc 
of liis tricks. 'I'he \eiv next d;i\- lie went into what was 



•1- .J' 1. :n:'i.i I 



'J TJAL OF i;r.V. WII.r.lAM TKNNKXT FOK I'linJLKV. Tl\ 

tlieii the c'ountv oi' HunttMilou aud .stop})eil at a [>lart' 



tlieii the c'ountv oi' HunttMilou and .stop})eil at a [>lart' 
where tlif Ju'v. 'Sir. Ivowlaud had oet-asioually preaclicd, 
but wbc've hp was not well known. HiM'e he iutroduciMl 
himself as 'Sir. lh_)wland, wa.s invited to the house of a 
gentleman in tlie nfii;li1)orhood. and asked to pi'eaeh on 
the following Sal)l)ath. Fie consented to do so, and 

iio+"i/'0 ii-\ fliiif ijt4u<'*- ^j-'i^ !i I'/'i \i'i 1 1 111 rl A- •ti\-Cii^ W lunn 1-lii> 




ILim. 

Itev. Mr. ll')wl;ind wa.-> at this time ai)sent from Xcw 
.T»'rsey. He li:id gone for tli«,' i)urpos(^ of jjreaehiug in 
lNMne:.ylvania or ^larvhind in '-onnjany with Piev. William 
lennent and two pious laynnMi o[ tlic eounty of Hunter- 
don l)y the names of .josliua Anderson and 15enjamin 
Stevens, meuioers of a eliureli rrmtignoiis to the one at 
whieli Tohi ImA\ j>ro]iosed to olUciate. As S'jou as the_>' 
I'turued, ?»iv. Jlowland was charged with tiie rohlunv of 
the horse. At tlui next term of Oyer and Terminer for 
Hunterdon eounty an indictment was preferred against 
Inm. 

(ii-e;i.t Was the excitement jjroducetl hy this event. 



2-21 



}ri?;T(»i;Y ov :^[o^^\r()l"J'H and ocean counties. 



owinu' ill |i;irt t<> tlu' |!tn-u]iar state of the Colony at tlin 
tinu'. 'riiroiiLi-ii tin- laliors of Mr. AMiittield ami his asso- 
ciates, amonp: whom v-nre Messrs. Teniioiit ami Piowland, 
a ^'vejit revival of reli,L:;iou had tak<-u placi' in the 
I'roviiices J>nt tli'-re was a partv in tiie Colonvwho 
were verv hostile to this religious movement. avIio de- 
iiouneetl its authors as fan,itic> and enthusiasts, and 
some of whom did not hesitate to brand them as hypo- 
crites and imposters. ('oiis])icuou.'> among' this i)artA' 
was the Chief .justice, liiibert H. Morris, v.-h(\ whatever 
claim he ma^" Inive had to resjiect, was certainly not dis- 
tinguished eithei' for religion or morality. To such men 
this charge against ?*Ir. liowland. one of the preachers 
who were turning everything upside down. w;is of course 
occasion of great triumph and rejoicing, and the most 
strenuous etf'orts made to procure his conviction. The 
Grand Jury at first refused to find a Itill against him. but 
the^■ ^\ere reproved by the Court and sent out again. 
They again returned without an indictment, but the 
Court sent them out a second time with threats of pun- 
isliment if they ])ersisted in their refusal, and then they 
consented to find ;i trm* bill. 

Thus Mr. i'lowland was sul\jected to the ignominy of 
a trial. A ch'ar case wrs made out on the ])art of the 
prosecution. A large number of witnesses swore })Osi- 
tively that li<^ was the identical ])erson who Inid commit- 
ted the robbery. On the other hand, the defendants 
called as witnesses Messi-s. Tennent. Anderson and 
Stevens, wln^ testiti^'d that on the very (hiy on which the 
robberv was cr)mmitted they were in com})anv with Mr. 
Rowland at some place in Pennsylvania or ]^^ar^'lan(h 
and heard him prerudi. An alibi being thus (dearly 
])roved. the jury wilhont hesitation ac([uitted him. 

But still the ]>ublic mind was not satisfied. The ]>ei-- 
son whose horse ];atl been st'»len and v.hose houst^ had^ 
been 5'ol»bed ^\ as so convinced that ]\[r. Rowland was tln- 
roUber. and so many in li\iduals had, as the\- su]>[)osed, 
seen him in possession of the horse that it v.as resolved, 
not to h't the matter <irop. Messrs. Tennent, Amhn-sou 



. !• ir H • 



,,!i \.. ..... I..,. -ul Af 



I .' 



, |f . <ii 'r |i. ., .<• 



ti;tal or !:kv. wiij.ia.m j-kxm'.xt I'oi; iT:i;.yri;v. •I:]' 

iiiid Stcvons w'.M'o tlitTcfor" .-iit.-uuikm] Lcforr the Couri 
of (^)n;irt(M' S.'.-^sio'is, of HiintcrdDii, upon tho clinrL;-*' of 
liaviiij;' swoni falsely jijidii tlic ri'ial of Mr. Ilowlainl. anil 
indii-tinciits were foimd aL;aiiist (\ac]i of tlif'in for ])orjnrv. 
Tliest' iriilirtiii'Mits -wev)' all removPil to tlif- Sa])r.Muo 
Court. Amlersou. conscious of liis iinioceiu'P ami iiu- 
willing to lie tiiidcr tlr^ imputation of sucli a crini?, (L-- 
mandetl his trial at t!i(> ucxt term, of ()yt'r and Terminer. 
AYliat evidonci' he i)tt'ered in his (hd'ont-o (h)es n<.)t a|)pea.r. 
but ho was (^ nivictt'd and oon(h^nined to stand one hour 
oil tlie Court House steps with a |)a])Rr on liis breast 
wliereoii was written in large letters, "'/'/'/'v /'s fo/> ir'ih'nl 
an<l '■(!)• J' II jif. j If I'/" /■!/." The trials of Tennent and Stevens 
were postpoiiod. 

Tennent we are told, being entirely unused to legal 
matters and knowing no pt^'son by whom he could ])rove 
his iinK^cence. hail no other resource but to submit him- 
self to Divine \vil]. and th.inkiiig it not unlilcely tliat he 
might l)e convicted, had ])repared a sermon to preacdi 
from the pillory. True, he employed Mr. .Tolm ('oxe, an 
eminent lawyer of the Pi-ovinc-e to assist, and when he 
arrived at Trenton he found ^Nir. William Smith, one of 
the most distinguished meml)ers of the New ^'ork l)ar. 
who jiad \oluutarily attended on his behalf; and [Nfr. 
Tennents brotlier (rilb.'i-t, wdio was then ])astor of a 
cdiurcdi iri rhiladel}»hia. had l)rought with him ^fr. John 
Kiiisey, an eminent lawyer of that city, to aid in Ids de- 
fence. But what could they do \s'ithout evidence? AVlieu 
Mr. Tennent \vas desired bv his counsel to call on his 
"svitnesses thid they might examine them l)efore going into 
Court, he declared he kns'w wo witiH^sses but (xod and 
his conscience. His coiihsmI assured him. tliat however 
Avell founded this t-ontidence might be, ;ind however im- 
portant befo)'e a heavenly tribunal, it would not a\ail 
him in an r-arthly court. And they therefore urged tliat 
an ajiplication sliDuld be maile toijostpon*^ the trial. \\\\\ 
this he Would by no nu'aiis consent to. Thev then in- 
tV)rmed him they ]iad discovr-red a llaw in the indictment 
and ]>roposed that advantage should lie l,ak<^ii of it. ^dv. 



Id ': I • «t .1 ;ii. 



i'.ijj ■~..IT 



'2'2{\ HISTOIIY OF ^[oXMin'TH AND OCEAX ( OUXTIES. 

Stevens took M(lv;i!itau;e of this tiaw and wms eleareil. ) 
Mr. Teniiout n'sisttd \vit1i uToat vohcmtMico. sa\iiiL;' it was 
another snare of t\\t' th^vil, and bid'oro ln^ would consent 
to it he v,"ouhl suffer (k-atli. In tlu' meantime tln^ bell 
summoned tliem to tlie ("ourt. AVhih' on tlie way to tlie 
Court House ^Lr. TenuiMit is saiil to liaxf met a man ai;'.! 
liis wife ^\■ilo sto})ped and asked if liis nanu' was 'J^uimMit. 
He s?ud it Mas. and Vx-^oed to know if tin v had any busi- 
ness with him. Tln-y rejilied, '• You know best." They 
theu'infornu'd him that thev resided in a i-ertain ])laee in 
Pennsylvania or Maryland, and that u])on oue oecasion 
he in t-omjian\ witli lenvlamh Anderscmand Stevens had 
lod^^ed ;it their liouse ; that on the foUowiuii' dav they 
had ]u-ai'd liim and I'lOwLand pieaeh : that some )du,iits 
l)efore tin-y left liome, thcN' had eaeji of tliem dreanned 
that Ml'. Teiineut was at Trenton in the i^reatest |)ossibi" 
distress, an<l that it was m tludr ]iower. and in theii's 
alone to relie^"e Irim ; that this dream v.as twice re|)eate(l 
and in jU'ecisely tln^ sanu- mann^'r to each of thenj, and 
that it made so (hn^j) an im]iression on their nnnd^ that 
they Jiad at once set off u|)on a journev t;) Ti-ent on. and 
were there to know of iiin^, wliat thev wm'e to do. ^Ir- 
Tennent hand<d them over to Ids counseh wlio. to their 
astonislnnenv. found that tiunr testimon\' was entirelv 
satisfactory. Soon aftei\ Mr. Jolin Stockton^, who mis- 
took Tom ]5^dl f<n' Ih'V. ^li-. 1 lowland, also appr-ared and 
Avas examined as a witness for 'Sir. Tennent. In short 
the evidence Avas so ch-ai- aiid conclusive, that, notwith- 
standing;- the nmsj strenuous exertion of th.e Attorney- 
(leneral to pivscure- a con\"iction; the jur\' without hesita- 
tion ac(|uitted Mr. Tejim-nt. 

TOMS IHATJI DrrJXC THE lU^VOLrTIOX. 

i;esiokxts IX Tin; vhjaof, and vkixitv. 

^Nlajor John Cook, who was killed in the action at 

the'. Jjlo(dc House, was a ca])tain in the Second IJeuim-'ut. 

]N[onnu)uth, and ajipointeil Second ^Major in sanu' re:;i- 

iiieid, October ]:>, 1777. jnobably to succeed Janu's ^lott. 



TOMS lUVER DUliING THE l;KVOLr'Jl(A'. 2l27 

■ who lived at one time near Ti)nis lliver. Public sales of 
• privateers and tlieii- car<i;oes were sometimes held at his 
house. The i'oUowinL!,- notice in reftn-ence to the settle- 
ment of his estate was jniblislied in the New Jersey 
Gfizefie, January 2'2. 1783 : 

"All ])eiS()ns indelited to the estate of ^Major John 
Cook, late of Toms Itivei-, deceased, are hereby requested 
to settle their resi-ective accounts, o\\ or before the lOtii 
day of rel'ruary next, ;is this is the last notice they are 
to expect from 

Thomas Cook, 

Administi'ator. 

N. 13. — On saitl n;'.y the above administrator will at- 
tend at (ieorge Cook's tavern at Crosswicks, in oixler to 
adjust matters agreeable to law; also to receive all de- 
^ mands against said estate tliat shall be ]>ro[)erly [)roven." 

Jolni Conard, before and during the early part of 
the Mar, ^v•as a })rominent business man at Toms Eiver 
and ([uite an oxtensi\-e owner of timber land. Ho was as- 
sociated f(jr a time vvith James .Ilandolj)h. He died, 
probably in 1770. Ills executors were James Eandolpli 
and T<-)l)ias Jlendrici-ison, who published the folloAving 
notice in Oaiiuary, 1781) : 

"To bo sold at })ubUc vendue, on Tuesday, Fel>riiar'\', 
1780, at the hous(i of Daniel Criggs at Toms River, 
seventy acres of very good young green cedar SM"amp, 
very handy to water carriage, on the branches of Cedar 
Creek, late tlie ]n'operty of Jolin Coward, deceased. At- 
tention will be given for several days before the sale at 
Toms Tviver to show the ])remises. The land will be sold 
as best suits the purchasers, as to ipiantity arid attention 
will be given by 

" James PlA^•DOEPH, 

^'TOLIAS HENDrJCKSON, 

Executors." 
James lbindol|)h, just l)efore and during the early- 
part of the war, was pc-rhaps more extensively engaged 
in lumb(^r and ()thor business than any. other ])ers()u in 
the vicinity of Toms rdver. He was an executor of John 



i- /4|lt M .|J;iii '.-si •■'!» >■; .-r ) >-. ,i 



•ttii / '* 



•'» ;•) Vi,., 



.) < .■ i .. . /n.I • '' 'liic't "rji: 



• Jil' "litU' I'l ii ''.li /' ,1 



I > 1 'I I ' « ' 



> .-J ,»- 



228 HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COl'XTIES. 

Coward and at tlie sale of some timlier laiul L'eloiit^iiif;- to 
the estate of Cowiird, in February, 17^0, Kandolpb adver- 
tised also to sell })rf)]H'rty of his own as follows : 

"Tlie sul)seril)er has for sale a very good farm, in 
situation convenient for salt works near Toms River, with 
near three hundred ac-res of goo 1 salt meadows, Avhich 
Avill su]:)port one hundred head of eattlo, ;uid is exceeding 
handy for fish and oysters. Also a good saw mill with 
a large quantity of valuable eed;ir swamp to said mill. 
They will ho sold ut private sale before vendue, or on 
that day, or any day after, when any ])urehaser shall 
oft'er, and a good title made. 

"James IIandou'E. 

" December :]0, 1779." 

He probably died about the latter part of 1781, or 
early j)art of 17<S'2. The folhnving substanc-e of a notice 
irublislied in Mardi, Vti^'l. ve^ardiiig tlK> settlement oi his 
estate, gives an idea of the extent of his business : 

"To be sold at publu- vendue, on Mtjnday, April '20, 
1782, at the liouse of Samuel Torm;in, inn keeper. l'pj>er 
Freehold, tiie following tracts o]' lavid of estate of Jaiues 
liandol[)h, late of Monmoutli (''uudy; 

"One plantation at 3Ios(pnto Lan<% conlaiuing o50 
acres, the greate)' }>ait salt meaih'ws, with a frame 
dwelling house, salt wt^rks, go(.;d Jisiierv, cVc. One 
sawmill in l)aAen])ort irnoutli of AVvaugl,' C'reek) near 
Toms liiver, goes witli two s;lws, together with )une 
and Cedar hauls. Two-fifths oi a le-w saw mill aud f'>ur- 
lifths of land a^l jiiinjiig. nc;ir James llaiidolph's kite 
dwelliug, Judd in j^n'tricrship Avitli Tobias Hendrickson. 
Eighteen or twenty lots of cedar sM-rnn}) in Wiaugle 
Creek, Fnion, Horrict^ne, Lenkers, iVc. 

"A])[ily to Tob;;!s ITeiidrickson, ne;n- th(_^ hUe dwelling 
of James l\andol])h, <^r to ]>enjamin liandolph. Chestnut 
sti'eet, Fhilaihdphia. Signed bv jjenjaiaiu Jlandoipli ;uid 
Tobias Hcuidrickson. who won' liis executors. l\art of 
Ids estatt', the ?iios([uito I-ani,' plantati(:>n, was again ad- 
vertised to be sold tlu"' following year, June, 17>S.">.'" 

There was a J;uiit-s ]vanihil])h in tlie militia of ."\lon~ 



•o.T.' 



TOMS lUVER DUlUNd THi: IIEVOLrTlOX. 229 

mouth, ])ossil)ly the same. 

Daniel Kauth')l})li. Es(|nire, was amouijj tlie prisoners 
taken at tlie iJhick HtMise in ]March, 17S2. A person of 
this name lived at Freehold, down to within two rears 
previous to the burning of Tom.s River. Sales were ad- 
vertised to take place at his house at Froeliold in 1780. 
The appearance of the same name at Toms liiver, sh(,)rt- 
Iv after the decease of James Eandolph, suggests the pos- 
sibility of his being ft relati^.^ and that he came to Toms 
Eiver on business connected with the care or settlement 
of the estate of James. 

James Attiu must have been somewhat ]n-omineut at 
Toms Ivlver in the early part of the war, judging from 
the following advertisement published in the Xew Jersey 
Gazeitt::. He may have Ix-en froin Middlesex county 
where the surname was not unusual. His advertisement 
was as follows : 

" To be sold at vendue, on Monday, the 0th day of 
>September, 1770, at the h juse of the subscriber in the 
township of Dover and county of Monmouth, viz: 200 
acres of pine hmd, well timbered, about two miles belovv 
Toms liiver Bridge ; 50 liead of cattle, 40 shee}), G horses, 
10 liogs and 8 negroes, a set of blacksmith's tools, 200 
bushels of wlieat and rye, 20 acres of Indian corn, a 
quantity of tanned leather and tar, a variety of farming 
utensils and household goods too tetliotts to mention. 
Same time will be sold a valuable plantation, with a 
great quantity of fresh nnd salt meadows; a grist and 
saAv mill, with plenty of timber; a valuable fishery, with 
400 acres of land. All maybe entered upon immediately. 
For terms, a]iply to the subscriber on the premises. 

"John Attix. 

"August 18, 1770." 

The otYering for s;de of eight negroes, recalls a dif- 
ference between then and now. 

Abiel Akins. wlio, fru- many ypars was the j^rincipal 
Justice of the l\;ace at Toms lUver, lived during the 
wai', aecor'Hng to a tradition of old residents, on tlie 
south side t)f Toms liiver, on the }>lace formerly the 



■, lil'i 



230 ni8T0]!Y OF MONMOrXH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

residence of Antlujiiy Ivins and snbsecjueiitiv of A. P. 
Stantou. His Lcuse was a st<)})pi]i<j; place foi; llo\. Beij- 
jamiii Al)bott, a jiioneer of ]Methodisiii. It v.as huriied 
by the ]>riti>;li at the time when the vilhige was hurnech 
It is said that he sul)sequently resiihMl oji the north side 
of the river l)elow the hridi^e. His ancestry is noticed in 
tlie sketch of thf Akin family. For almost a i;eneration 
he seemed to have performed most of the marriage cere- 
monies in his vicinity. The follbwing were some parties 
married liv him . 

Dillon Wilbur to L?acr(Atia Bird, Octol)er 14, 1795. 

"William Itunnels (Eeynolds ?; to Leonah Francis, 
August 10, 170.3. 

(lilbert Lane to Sarah Aumack, January 10, 1796. 

Abel Piatt 1.. Melah Letts, ?,[a)-ch 2(1 ITMl 

David Pvogevs to Susaniiali (^liadwick, ^f.-iv 1, 179(5. 

James "Wikoer to Flizabctli Ho])kins, Juno '2(). 179(i. 

Jacolj) Applegate to ^Ma.rgarct Luker, Juh' 10, 17iK). 

About 1808 the Legislature passed a law for the re- 
lief of Al>iel Akius, as he had met with reverses in busi- 
ness. 

jMoses Kohbins was a matross in Captain Huddv's 
company, and was seriously woun(h'd in the a.ciion at ihe 
BJock House. He v^as one (>f t]ie first to liavi^ a dwelling 
erected after the village uas buiaied, and the sale of a 
cayilured })ri7,e was ad^■ertised to take idace at his house 
in March, 1788. In 1792 lie ])urchased timber land back 
of Toms Piver, and Holmes A' Pobbins' null is loeutioued 
the same year. In 1793 liis heirs had a tra.et on the 
road fr.)m Toms Ilivej- to Sehcnek's Mill, sold. From 
this it woidd s(-em probalde tliat he died between 1792 
and 179-"), In the early part of the present centurv Elijah 
Piob'bins owned the lan.d on whicli the Ploek House h;id 
been sit a at ed. 

A mati'oss V. as a meinlan' of an irtilltnv companv 
who assisted in ].)adi:ig eamioii, and also carrieil a 
musket. 

Aaron ]>uck was one of the two ])evst»ns in the vil- 
lage who hid the I'oilune of liavir.g their housi-s s|)ared 



TOMS liJVEIt DUlIIXCi THE ItEVOLUTRiX. 231 

when tlio villa^je was burned. It is sii])])o.se(T this was 
because he was related to the Refugee, A^ iliiam Didou, 
the ])ih)t of tlie British, liuek liaviiif,' niai-ried a dau;ii-hter 
of Didon's brother. ]M]'s. Studson's liouse was the 
otlier spared, and her house and I3uck's allbrded a tem- 
porary I'efuge for tlie unfoitunate v\onnni and children 
whose homes had liern burned by the British. Before 
the war he was a land (•wnei', and in IT'i") sold a tract 
near Toms Biver to Albcrtio Sh(Mdcelia. He had two 
daughters, one of whom man-ied Judge El)euezer Tucker, 
for whom Tuckerton was named, and the other married 
John Bogers, ancestor of most of tlu^ Bogers family from 
Toms Biver to Ceth-ir Creek. It is said tliat Aaron Buck 
was captain of a coasting vessel after the war, and 
eventually committtMl suicide by hanging himself (Ui the 
rigging of his vessel as she lav in Toms Biver. 

Ca]itain E])hraim Jenkins, aec<uding to tradition, 
lived in the village of Toms Biver, and his dwelling was 
among those burned bv the ]jritish in llS'l. It is sup- 
posed that he was killed in the action at the Bhx-k House, 
and his family Avas left unprovided for. ( )ne of his child- 
ren was taken care of by one of the Prices at Goodluck, 
ancestor of Dr. T. T. Price, of Tuckertfjn. Captain Jen- 
kins was commissioned cai)tain in Colonel Asher Holmes' 
battalion, June M. ITSO. 

Captain Joshua Sfudscni. who was killed liy the 
Befugee JoIdi l^acon. iJecember 1, ITSO. lived along the 
edge of the river, just below the l)ridge. He was a})- 
])ointed a lieutenant in Colonel Aslier Holmes" battalion, 
June id, 1780, and was al.-^o a captain in the privateer 
service. In the latter ])art of 1780 he took t\vo prizes, 
the schooner ''.b)hn"" .and tke slooj) •"Catharine," on the 
south side >)f Stateii Isl.uid. The Admiralty Court, to 
adjust his ]iri/e claims, was appointed to be held at 
Mount Holly, January 1, 17Sl. Just a month liefore this 
lie was killed. It is said that a few years after his death 
Ids widow mari'ied a man at Toms Biver named Cham- 
berlain. 

Jjimes IjijipiMicott's house was one at which sales tc>ok 



232 HisTOFY or mon31outh and ocean counties. 

place during; the -vvar. lu 1791 Samuel Pease (Pearee?) 
.ai)cl wife sold to James Lippeiicott land iu old Dover 
township. And in 1702 James Lip])eneott bou<::(ht land 
of AVilliam Cox and wife. Pic-hard Smith and wife, AVilliani 
Smith and wife, John Hoskins, Sr., and John Hoskins, 
Jr., and Edward Pi'le, ail in same township. 

James ]Mott. Jr., svas another p'-ominent man around 
Toms River duriuu,- the early part of the war. He piolia- 
blv lived easterly of the ^■iHau,•e on the Ijay, ()n or adjoin- 
ing the place siil)se(puHitly o\Aned by the late James 
Cook. His i)roperty is thus descril:>ed in an advertise- 
ment publishetl in CoU'iis 2\i'ir Jt-rneij Gaz<-ti<'\\\ Septem- 
ber, 177'.l : 

" To h<- SolJ : A valuable tract of land adjoining 
Barnegat Bay, near Toms lliver, in the town of Dover, 
Monmouth county, containing aliout 1,000 acres, ahi>ut 
280 acres of salt meadow, 30 jK-res of cedar swamp (part 
of Avhicli is very goodi, aboiit 50 acres of ui)land, cleared 
and fenced with cedar : a new frame dwelling house 
thereon, 20 feet l>y 2(5, with tv.'o tire-places on tirst tioor, 
and a stone cellar under tJie same ; .also a kitchen ad- 
joining, 16 feet scpi;ire, witli a brick oven, and a well at 
the door; the remainder wrxHlland. The land is good 
for rye, Indian corn, for raising stock, and is as vcell situ- 
ated for manufacturing salt as any in New Jersey. It 
"\vill be sold together or Vie divided, as shall suit pur- 
chaser. For terms ap])iy to Abiel Akins. Jiisij.. at Toms 
liiver, or to the subscriber on tl'.e })reniises. 

'■ James Mott, Jk."' 

In ^Marcl) the same a'lvertisement iu substance was 
publisjied, ]>ut a})})lication to be ma<le to Joseph Salter, 
Toms liiver, and "to be sold for Continental bills of 
credit or loan certificates."' 

There was a James Mott captain in the militia, 
stationed at Toms P.iver. He was apjiointed nnijor, and 
resigned June IS. 177(). In 1770, James Mott was a 
member of the Legislature from Monmouth. The name 
appears as a prope-riv owner in Mitldletown, J77.Sand 
1700, and also in Sln-ewsbui'v townshij). He purchased 
land in Dover te>\Niisl)i]i in 1705. He w;is probably re- 
lated to Joseph Salter, who at (»ne time c)wn(,'d a tract on 



■\>'. It *l\'\ ii. 1 1 Jl ; 






TO-MS rJVElt DUiaXG THE liEVOLUTION. 233 

tlie bay, possibly the same advertised by Mott, as Joseph 
Salter nianit d a Mott. 

Edwaid Tliomas, of Black Horse, Burliuoton county, 
owned a place a<ljoini]ig James Mott's, which he thus de- 
scribed in an advertisement published in 1777 : 

" A plantati<ni in Dover t(iwnshi}), ailjoininp; Barne- 
^at Bay, bounded by lands of James Mott and Pennsyl- 
vania Salt Works ; 300 acres, 70 acres salt meadows, 
remaind»^r i;-ood timber land; soil t^a)od for corn and rye, 
and Avitli small expen.->e (by brin<j,in^ij seaweed) will be 
good for raising- wheat. On it a lo'j liou.se. also a cellar 
dug and walled, 20 by '2(), and frame timber, tV:c., sufficient 
to build. AVeli located for erecting salt works." 

Edward Thomas A\as a mem1)er of the militia com- 
pany that came along shore in pursuit of the Refugee 
Bacon, and finally killed liim near West vJi'eek. 

Joseph Salter ;it one time owned a pJace near tlic 
bay, possibly the same onc-e owned by Jauies Mott, to 
wliom he was related by marriage. He was at Toms 
Eiver as early !\s 1774, and a relative, Thomas Salter, had 
pui'chased considerable land in the township twenty-live 
or thirty years l^efore. He was a member of the Provin- 
cial Assembly in 177"). He was a|«pointtd Lieutenant- 
Colonel in the militia, but soon resigned. In the minutes 
of the New Jersey Provincial Congress, October 21, 1775, 
it is stated that — 

" Joseph Salter, Esquire, liaving returned his com- 
mission of Lieutenant-Cohiuel of the Sectjud Pu-gimeut of 
Militia for the County of ]\[(nimoutli, and desired leave 
to resign the sjinie : 

'' hesiiii'ci] II ail n'l ■ni>:ii<l ij^ that his resignation l)e ac- 
cepted.'' 

His first wife was Sally, <latighter of Samuel Plolmes^ 
by whom \\(- had .i son Willia.m. His second \vife was 
Huldah Alott. by whom he had several children, sonie 
of whom came into p(x-;seNsion of the place at T<jms 
Iliver, which Hventnally was purchased by James Cook, 
who in ISoO soM l!ie same to (iuviu Jira.ckiuiridge, who 
in tni'U sold it to Thomas (tiU'oim], jukI in the descri}.t;i('ii 
of the land occurs the h)llo\\-iiig claust^: 

"■ J'LxceotinLi: thereout '-ww hundred and tiftv a( res 



23-1 HISTCiRY OF ?.rON'\rOUTiI AND OCEAN COUNTrES. 

lying on the wei^t side, fouveyeil by Sarah Salter, Eli/a- 
l)eth Salter, Margaret Salter and Hannah Salter to Garri't 
Irons, which said tract of land is henceforth to be de- 
scribed and known by the name of Ballantrae." 

Ballantrae means a settlement or place ])y the sea or 
Avater ; an a}>propriate naine for the tract. 

Joseph Salter was snmmoned before tiie Conncil of 
Safety in A]>]'il, 1777. and Isaac Potter and Daniel Griggs. 
of Toms Piiver. gave sonn^ evidence against him, of which 
the purport is not given, an<l he was committed to Bur- 
lington jail. 

- John Lawrence, who was committed to the same jail 
the same week, was charged with high treason. Ht^ was 
an agent to fui-nisii J>ritish protertion papers. 

Possibly S;dter had acrepteil papei's giving Bi'itish 
protection, but in ()ctobt'r of the same veai- he took the 
oatli to the Provincial (xovt'rrnnent, and was released. 
He remained abinit Toms liiver until al-Dut May, 177U, 
when he removed els<where. It is said that he founded 
Atsion Furnac^^ in BurliDgioi) coujity, in 177' I. His son 
Pilchard lived at Toics liiver in the cariy ])art of the 
])reseni century. He had a so!i James, w ho was proba- 
bly the James SaUc-i. treasurer of the St;'de <.f New Jer- 
sey in 1701). and who died December V.\ 1S(»:;. 

Captain Samu' 1 BigiJow v.as engaged in the })rivateei' 
hnisiness, ajid som > of his ])rizes are ]i.)tie'ed in the 
account of Priviiteerijig at Toms lUvr. Hr" seems at 
times to liave h;ul < iiarge of bargee, or w]i:de-l)oats, then 
in common u^io by bolh Americans and British for ser- 
vice in bavs aud on th" oreau n;'ar the iidcts. He is 
rated as "mariner"' in tlu^ rost^^r of oriicers and men of 
the llevoiiirioii. His residence is d(^-^cribed in a survey 
made hi 177-5. , is on the north side of ^Vrangle Bro(^k, 
thii'ty ( hains above Ivuidoljih s saw-mill, whii-h was at 
the junctit'ii of Wracuie Brook with 1 )a\ tii j-.oit. 

Edwanl V\'ilbur took u]) land b.-forc th ' war, in 17t>'2. 
three-quarters of a ndle north of T(un>- Bivi'r. AN ht-u 
the village was biii-n.'d in 17^2, tlu^ ln)us(^ of a AVilbur. 
.situated about the sauu' distam-i' frcmi the river, was not 



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TOM>^ RIVElt DliaXd THE KEVOIA'TIOX. 



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l)uriied, possiltly lipcause it w;is too far ott', or l)ee;iuse 
related to tlie ])illt)n family, .-us Dillon AVilbur, somewhat 
prominent just after the war, received his name from the 
Dillon famil\ . 

John AVilluir was a memher of Captain Joshna Hiid- 
dy"s company, and was rated as a matross. 

James Dillon was ipiite n()ted around Toms Pviver 
before the v.-ar. In 17()] he tcn^k n\) lanil above Tojns 
liiver on one of its lu-anclies. In 17(»"2 lie was taxed 10s. 
3d. In 17()o, it is said, he elainn^d to own "Toms 
Island," suV»se(|nently known as Dillon's Island. He 
had a daughter wdio marrit^l Aaron Buck, and it is ])rob;i- 
ble he was related to tln^ Wilbur family, as a meml)er of 
it was named Dillon Wilbur. 

William Dillon, the noted liefu<j;ee scoundrel, was 
imprisoned at one time in Fi-eehold Jail under sentence 
of death, but was eithei' jiartloned or esca]ied, ]i)'obablv 
the hitter, as he soon after appeared at Toins Iviver as a 
Ilefu^-ee pil(,)t. He enua^cd in contra'oand trade b;-twetMi 
New York and Ei^ii Ha.rbor, and his v^sstd was capturi'd 
by C'aptain (Vrey, a New Enalandf^', wlio c-ame in. his 
vessel to Toms llivcr. The A<lmiralty Court, to try thtr- 
claim of the cajitors (^f Dillon's vessel, was called at 
Fi'eehold, by notice si^-ned hy Esipurt- Abiel Akins, to 
nu^et ^larrh IC), 17S"2. Within a week after, Dillon v\as 
]>ilotinL;- thf ]>ritish expedition which burned Toms 
liiver. After the war he left with otlu'i- Ivefui^ees for St. 
Johns, New Brunswick, where lie was in 17^^'5 _i;iven to\\'n 
lot number l,<)r.». 

Ijenjamin Johnson, just before the war. and proba- 
bly during the v\-ar, lixed in the north or north-eastei-ly 
])ai't of the villap,-e. A person of the same name had a 
d^^■ellinl.^ house on the south side of Toms Ifiver, towards 
81oo}> T'reek, in 17-iL some thirty odd years before the 
war. Benjamin Johnson is named as deceased in a sui'- 
vey in 17SS. The family a]>p-ears to have been anion;.;' 
the earliest settlers in the vicinity of Toms Ilivei. 

]*enjamii) Smith li\ed on the west side of Jjon;^- Swani]), 
where he built a new house ju.st before tlu^ war. A per- 



236 HI8T0HY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

son of tliis name was a member of the raibtia from old 
Moumoiith. ^Nlpiubers of the Smith family were among 
tlie earliest who reeeived patents for land in what is now 
Ocean county, soirje of whom resided in old Middletown 
township, to which the first members came from I\ho(.le 
Island. 

David and T]ii>mas Lnker were among- meml)ers of 
the Monmouth militia. The family was among the first 
to settle at Toms lliver. Daniel Luker's dwelling is re- 
ferreil to in a survey in 1747. Lnher's Ferry, over Toms 
liiver, is mentioned 1741) and subsequently, and Luker s 
Branch and Luker's Bridge a1sf) nained previous to the 
Bevolution. 'I'Ik^ n;ime is gf^nerallv given in old records 
of surveys as Luker, V)ut it is also given as Lucar and 
Louker. Tlie names Looker. Lucar and Leuker apparently 
are of tlie same origin. Among earliest settlers of Eliza- 
bethtowu were Lookers, and members located at A^ ood- 
bridge, in Middlesex. 

llichard Bird, commonly known as "Dick" Bird, 
the Eefugee, lived near Toms Bivcu'. and perha})s of the 
familv of AVilliam Bird. who. in 1773, lived on the s<juth 
side of Toms Biver at Eagle's Point. About the same 
time John Bird lived near Forked Biver. "• Dick " Bird 
was killed during the war by the Americans. He had 
rtdali^'es, it seems, in the lower part of what is now 
Berkely township. 

J'rancis JetVrey owned land on the south side of 
Toms Biver, and prol)al)ly resided within a short dis- 
tance of the village during the war. He was a member 
of the Monmouih militia. The name Francis has been 
})i-eserved in tlu^ family for two I'enturies. John Jetireys 
and Humphre\' Jeifreys were also memV)ers of the militia 
during the Bcvolnticn. 

Edward Worth owned land on the soutli side of 
Toms Biver, and jirobably lived wiiiiin a vt>rv few )niles 
of the village. John Woi'th Wi!s a member of Captain 
Walton's j^ight Dragoons, and \\ Uliam Worth was in the 
^[onmouth militia and also in the C'<uitinental army. 

John Williams resided near Toms Biver, and dni'ing 



]5AUNK<iAT. 



237 



the war "was interpsted iu the store-house for salt at Toms 
Kiver, ou wiiich he marked tlie h:^tter ''11" to save it 
from being destroyed hy the British. He, or a person of 
the sauie name, owned hinds iu okl Dover townshi]), and 
a saw-mill on Cedar Creek twenty years before the war ; 
also lauds near Meteteewik. 

George Parker, Jolin Parker and Joseph Parker were 
members of Captain Josliua ilnddy's company iji the 
Block House. After the war meml»ers of the family lived 
uear Toms Eiver. In 171)7 GtMn-oe Parker and Abraliam 
Parker bought of Isaac; Culick "lands at mouth of Toms 
Paver, known as ])illon"s Island," which they sold in 17'.10 
to Abel Middletou, of Upper Freehold. Penjamin Par- 
ker had a tar kiln (ni Little Hurricane in 1795. 

Jacob Jacobs took up. land in 17*^1 east of Long 
Swamp, not far from Dillon's Island. The line of bis 
land here is referred to in a survey in 1775. 

In 17(3t) Jacobs' saw-mill, on the south side of Toms 
River, is named, and jifter that date Jacobs" branch and 
Jake's branch are fre(juently named, proV);ibly from Jacob 
Jacobs. He left Toms lliver, and in 1770 he was over- 
seer of Speedwell saw-mill. fo,niprl_\ called Eandle's 
(Ixandolph'si mill, o]i the east branch of Wading iUver, 
wjiieh mill was advertised for sale in February, 177'.', by 
Benjamin Randolph. 

The )iames of man\- of tiie leading citizens of Dover 
townshi]), as it was at the close of the war, will be found 
in the extracts from the old Dover Town B(jok. 

barxe(;at. 



The village of J3arnfgat derives its uam(^ from the 
inlet, which was (originally called Baremle-gat by the first 
Dutch discoverers on our coast. Barende-gat, meaninp; 
an inlet with breakers, was sid)se(|uently corrupted by 
the English to Bn.rndegat. and tinallv to JJarnegat. 

Amon;^ the tirst whites who settled at liarnegat and 
vicinity, tradition saNs, were Thomas Tinims. Fiisha Parr, 
Tlionnis Jiovelady, Jonas Tow i ]>ronouiK-ed like tic woi'd 



238 iiisTonY or .^roN.Mou'rii and opean counties. 

noic) and a man named Yaull. Thomas Lovelady is the 
one from wliom Ijoveladv s island, near liarnej^at, takes 
its name. The tirst settlers seem }2;enerall_v to have 
h)eated on the a])laijd near tlie meadows, tni or near the 
Collins, Stokes and [Mills farms. Tlieve was a honse 
binlt on the Collitis jilaee by Jonas Tow. ;it least as early 
as 17"20. The i)ei-!sniis namod above as the lirst coraersr 
do not a]i])ear to have been ])ermanent settlers, and 
traditio)! fails to state what l)tH-ame of any of them, with 
the exception oi Jonas Tow, who it is said died here. 

Among the first permanent settlers, it is said, were 
"\\'illiam and Levi Cranmer, Timothv Kidgway, Steplien 
and Nathan iJirdsul! and Ebenezcr Mott ; and Ebenezer 
Collins followed s(jon after. The ancestor of. the shore 
Piuluns was also an early settler. Tradition says he lived 
on the road to Cedai' Bridge two or three miles west c^f 
the present village of iJarnegat and on the ])lact' known 
in hite years as the Corlies ])lace. 

The first periiianent settlers at P>arnegat. as well as 
at other places along shore, ;ip])eared not io have pur- 
chased titles of the ])roprietors nntil sevei'a! ye;irs after 
tlif^y came. Tiie first lan<l taken \\\) fi'om tlie proprietors, 
it is said, was the tract of iO!) acres, bonglit l)v Timotln' 
liidgway and Ltni Craumer, September Dth, 1759, id 
Oliver Delancey and Henry Cuyh^r, Jr., agents for the 
])roprietor, 'William J)o;-kwia. This tract included the 
lot upon wjjicli the (Quaker church is ])nilt, Init the main 
poi'tiou lay south-» u.-terly. The land .along shore was 
originally divided oh" into tv\-o tJ'acts of about a thousand 
acres, Ijy John Tved, surveyor, and alloted in alternate 
divisiojis to the pro])rietors ; William Dockwra liaving 
fo]- his ])ortion a large part of the land on Avhich stands 
the village ; next ne.rth came llobert Burnett's, and then 
Lord Xeill Campl)eirs. [jochiel brook, between IJarnegat 
and A\ aretown., it is ^^aid, was named in comiplinient to 
Campbell's estate in Scotland. 

'J'he tirst Cranmer family at Jiarnegat lived in the 
frae( pnicliased as above mentioned, and theii- dwelling 
was on. or near the site of the one owuclI in inodern times 



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F.AFtNKGAT. 23'.) 

by Captaiu Isaac Soper, and subscquciitl} by C'ji.plaiii 
Jolm IIusspU. 

Tlie luu'kliow yoixd was laid out by Peter liaekhow, 
a son of Daniel llaekliow, who onee lived in the place 
now owned ])y Samuel Birdsall, Es(i., A\ aietowu. Ivack- 
how, it is said was a Dutclunan, who eventually chani;ed 
liis name to Eichards. He had two sons — Peter, above 
named, who was a reputable youni;- man, and another 
who joined the Piefujj;ees, went oti' with them and w;is 
not heard oi afterwards. 

The first inn or public house in ]')arnegat was estab- 
lished in 18'20 ])y David Oliphant, on the site of the pres- 
ent one, at the corner of the main shore road and the 
road to the landinj,';. 

The well-remembeied <jld ])uldic house of Eli C(j1- 
lins was occasicnially patronized lifty or sixty years a^i'o 
by distinguished visitors, among them the noted Prince 
Murat with quite a. train of servants. He was one of the 
most expert hunters of his (hiy. 3Iurat v/as a large pow- 
erful man and of remarkable poAvers of endurance — a!)le 
to tire out almost any (jtlier hunter or gunner he met. 

Another celebi-atedi ])ersonage who occasionally 
t-:topped here was ]ji(Mit., or Ca|)tain Hunter, of Alvarado 
fame. Once, as he drove up, an hostler ste})ped out t') 
attend to his horses and addresstHl him by name. (.'apt. 
Huntf]' was siirprised to tind himstdf addressed so fajuil- 
iariy ])y so humble a persoiiage, and upon inquiry found 
that the hostler had once held S(nne ollice in the Xavy. 
and been on a man of war with him up the ^Nbditer- 
ranean, and while tliere had acted as Hunter's second in a 
duel. Hunter replied: "Proctor, I know you, but I 
(h)n't know your clothes I "" Prt>ct<n' had considerable 
natural aV)ilitv, Intt it was the old sioiy, liquor sent him 
on the down g)'ade. Frank Forrester (A^'illiam H-.-nry 
Herl>ert) tlie great auth.ority and noted writer on tield 
sitorts. was evidently Mt'll ac-quainteil here, as his writ- 
ings- show WDiiderful familiarity with this section. 
1 ncle Eli Collins' house and the lower tavern oii'c kept 
by ])avid C'huii-h were old well-known headquarters for 



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240 HISTORY OF MON^IOUTH AND OCEAN COUXTIES. 

giiiiuers from (listaut plsices. Speakiu*;- of ^uuuers, re- 
miiuls lis (^f oue who sto])]ie(l once at the lower tavern 
witli a lierce bull dog. The landlord told the gunner to 
kee}) his dog away from a yard where he had a loon 
M'ounded in his wings, as the loon might hurt the dog- 
The idea of a loon or any other wild fowl hurting his bull 
dog amused the gunner, and he ofl'ered to bet fifty dollars 
that his dog would kill the bird. The landlord took the 
bet, the dog was let in, but in an instant the loon jiicked 
out the doo-'s eves by suddenly darting; his sharv) bill in 
quick succession. 

])uring the lleyolutionary v/ar, parties of both 
Eefr.gees and Patriots, as they trayeled up and down 
shore, would sto}) at the houses of the Baruegat Quakers 
and demand yictuals, but on the whole, the residents 
sutiered less during the war than did those of any other 
place along shore, exce})t ])erliaps West Creek. They 
had. however, but little reason to congratulate them- 
selves on this score, as they sutiered enough after the 
war; for then in time of peace, on account of their con- 
scientious scruples against militia tiaining and paying 
fines foi- non-attendance, they were continually liarrassed 
by lawsuits, arrests, tines and executions, and imprisoned 
or property sold for non-compliance with militia h'.ws. 
The once notorious Es(pnre William Piatt, of old Denver 
township, bore no enviable name among the (Quakers f(^r 
his vexing them with suits on this account. 

During the Pievolution quite ext(Mjsive -<alt works 
wei-e carried on at Parnegat, on the meadows near the 
farm of Mr. James Mills, b_\ tin; Cranmers, Pidgways. 
and others. The usual plan to manufac ture salt was to 
seek some place on the salt meadows Avhere no grass 
could grow. Py digging wells in tlies*' liar^' }>]acf^s, the 
water \Nas found to be strongly fmvjreguated with salt- 
'I he water from these wells or springs was ]mt in large 
boilers with a kind of arrhed oven undi'rneath, in wliieh 
• \ tire was built. After most of tin- w ntor was boilt'd 
•■iv.ay, th(^ remainder, thick with salt. \va.- jtouivd into 
lia-.kfts of sugar-loaf shapje, made to allow tlie wate)- to 



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liELIGIors HiSTOItY. 2-41 

di'ain out. One of these curious-shaped baskets was })re- 
served and in possession of the late Uncle Eli Collins 
as late as ISGO. 

The remains of shell beds on the farm of James 
Mills, Esq., and at other places sIkuv tliat the Indians at 
Barnegat, long before the \vhites came, cauglit shell tish 
in great quantities. Some of course were eaten here, 
but the principal object of the Indians ap})eared t(^ be to 
prepare a quantity to take bade ^\ ith them. This was 
generally done by roasting and then taking them out of 
the shell, stringing and drying tliem in the sun. 

RELIGIOUS HISTOKY. 



The lirst preachers who visited any part of the New 
Jersey shore of a\ horn we have any account, beh^nged to 
the Society of Eriends, commoidy called Quakers. Tliis 
society estal)lished a meeting at Tiickertou in 1701, and 
built a meetinghouse there in 1700. 

The first religious society estai)lished in Ocean 
County was ])Vobal)ly that of the Piogerine Baptists, a 
com])any of whojn came t») Wiirctowu abiMd 17o7 and 
remained here aliout eleven years and then left. They 
were singular petjple in their ideas of worsld]). Among 
other pt'culiariti<^s, the members took work to nn-eting 
with tliem, jind during services the juen made ax'' and 
hoe handles, the women knit. s(^\vcd, iVc. The princi}>al 
meml)er of the society was Ab]-aham Waeir, from wliom 
AVaretown detivcs its name. It is probable they h(dd 
meetings in a building used as a schoolh(mse. 

.An E))isco})alian clergyman named lU'v. Thomas 
Thoin])son, visiteel Barnegat ami Manaiurvvkin while he 
was ;i missionary in old ^slonmouth, from 171') to 17-")!, 
and on his return sent Christopher Ilobert Reynolds, who 
was a schooliiiastt-r of tlie •■Society for the Pr.qi.-igation 
of the (Jospf-l in J''or<ign Parts."" to labor ;d these two 
places, but r.u arcount of his age and iutirjiiity he re- 
7ii;iined bid a sliort time. 

A church, whic'i tradition savs was li'ee to all 



24'2 IIISTOKY OF .M(iNM(^i:Tn AM) OCEAN COUNTIES. 

deiiominntious. was built at Maiialunvkin as early a;s 
1758, wliieh wus tlie tirst cliuicli Ixiilt in Ocean County. 
This rlnircli is now known as the Ijaptist C'liuia-h. Tiie 
Baptist Society was orivanized in it Auo;ust 'J")tli, 1770. 

The secou<l church V)uilt in Ocean County was the 
noted Potter Ch\irch, at (roodluck. built l)v Tlionias Pot- 
ter in 1766, which ho intended to be free to all denoniina- 
tions. 

The third church binlt in Ocean County was the 
Quaker Meeting House, at .P;u-negat, erected as early as 
1770. This was the tirst church in the county built for a 
parti culai' society. 

METHODISM IN OLD MONMOUTH. 

THE rrONEERS OF THE SOCIETY. 

There is reason to believe that tlie -pioneers of Meth- 
odism visited the county within a very few years after 
the principles of tlie society were first i)roclaimed in 
America, and that occasionally some preacher v/ould 
hold forth in some of our churches, schoolhouses or 
private houses as early as 1771. Some uncertainty exists 
as to where the first prea'diers held services in the 
county, owing to the fact that the early hei'oes of Meth- 
odism were not always very j>recis3 in giving the names 
of places where they preached, dates and otlier partii-u- 
lars interesting to tlie historian of the present day. Tlie 
most complete anl s i;isf;iL'l:)rv journal is that of the 
faithful, zealous, untiring Bisho]> Fi-ancis Anbury, which 
is the more remarkable as ii is doubtful if any ininister 
of any denomination ever |>erformed as much laljor as he 
did in traveling and ju'e.o hing. We ajjpend extracts 
from his journal relating to his labors in ^^Ionmouth. 
Otlier preachers had pr(M-eded him, Pev. William 
Watters, the tirst T^Iethodist traveli]ig preaclier of Ameri- 
caii !>ii'di, w;is station<'<l in our St:tte in 177-1. ;iud he may 
have visited our county, tlnnigli he makes no mention of it 
in his journal. Tluvt e.arnest minister of the OosF»e], Pev. 
Ijcnjamin Al)b(jtt, visited oM ^[oiiiiiouth in 177S. ?.Ir. 



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METHODISM f.N Dl.D ^[OX.MOUl H. 248 

Abbott, ill his jiiuiual, spcjiks of |ne:u-]iiu_u' iii viiiious paiis 
of okl Moiiinontli now c'(^inpoh(nl within tlu- limits of ( )<'o;r;t 
county, Mnionu' wlncli wort^' Maiinahuwkin. AVai'ttowii, 
Goodhu-k iiml Toms Piivpr. ]>at after leaviuir I'oajs 
Piiver ho omits to name |)hiros ; he merelv uses sucii 
ex})i'essions as '"at niv next a])pointment, " cVc. wirhcjiit 
naming wli^M'e it was. He probably preaclieil at I'ree- 
hokl and other phices within the limits of the present 
county of Monn:)outli. 

llev. John Atkinson, in his "Memorials of Metho;]- 
ism in Ne\\' Jersey," says : 

"The Methodist Society of Monmouth (Freehold?) 
must have been formed at an early };eriod, probably 
about 1780, as in that year Job Throckmorton, of Fi-ee- 
hold, was converted under the ministry of liev. liichar.i 
Garretsou. and 1)ecame a member of the society. H-- 
was one of the tirst members in that region. Tin- I\l<'c]i- 
odists vrere much persecuted there at that time. His 
house ^^as a home for jireachei's, and very likely Asburv 
was entertained at his dwelling during his visits to Free- 
hold. Eveiitt, Freelxu'n Garretsou, Ezekiel C'oo])er, 
Ware and others, were accustomed to sto}) at his hmise. 
He was accust(jmed to relate incidents of Fiev. Benjamin 
Abbotts powerful ministry, one of which is as follow^ : 

"On one occasion meeting was held in the wood.s, 
and after Freeborn Garretsou had p)reached. Alibotl 
arose and looked around over tJie congregation very sig- 
nificantlv, ami exclaimed; "Lord, begin the work! Lord. 
be<^in the work ikav .' Tv.nd, l»egin the work iust ?'/(i",'t / ' 
pointing at tlic same time towards a nn\n who was stand- 
ing beside a tree, and the man fell as suddenly as if he 
had been slu>t, auvl cried aloud for mercy." 

In 1780 Trenton circuit probably included TrentoD, 
Pemberton. !\bjunt Holly, Jjurlington and Monmo^ith. 
Pieverends P»ol)e]'t S])Hr1vS and Pobert C'aun, preacher^.. 
In 1787 liev. J-^zekiel Co(>per and Itev. Natlianiel P>. 
Mills were the prea.chers. In 17iS8 llevs. John ?ileirick. 
riiomas 3Iuii'eH and J(-ltus Johnson Asere tlie pi'e.-U'h- 
ers. 



[iij'Mm;-'!/ I ' 



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24-i HISTOr.Y OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COL'NTIES. 

EPISOOPALTANISM IN OLD MONMOrTH. 

The folio wium' is an acci^uiit of the missionary Hll\)i-ts 
of Rev. Tlionias Tlionipson in old ^Monmouth, nearly a 
century and a half airo. 

In his account of his visit it will he noticed that he 
S[»eahs dis}iara;Li-ini!;ly of the early settlors in what is now 
Ocean county. His ze;il for the tenets of tlie society hv 
which he was employed, seems to have led him to n:)ake 
animadveisions a^jainst the iioj^h^ h^re, ^\hiv•ll it would 
ap])ear were not deserved according; to the testimoin' of 
i-iinisters of o + her denominati<ms. It will he noticed 
that while he accuses them of ureat ignorance, he vet 
acknowledii^es havim;- manv conferences and disputes ou 
religious topics witli them, whicli shows that they were 
consi(_lera])ly posted in scriptural matters, hut undoul't- 
eclly opposed to th.e ( harch of England. 

Mr. Thompson says: Jii the spring of the year 17I-") 
t end)aiked for America, leing ap]i(>inte<l ^Missionary of 
the Society for the Propag.'iti.m of the Oospcl in I'oreign 
Parts u]:)on i-ecommemlation of my Pu-verend Tutor Dr. 
Thomas (Jartwright. lati^ Archdcncon of Colchester an.d a 
member of the So-dety. myself then a Fellow of Christ's 
C'ollege, Camhu'idge. I wpid in a ship called tlu^ All)any, 
belonging to New York whiclj sailed from (Iraveseud ou 
the StJi day of ]\Iay and pi'ovidentiallv escnping some 
instant dangers on the jiassage, arrived at New York on 
the 29th of .Vugust. The Sunday following I preached 
botli 3Iorning and Afternoon at the Episc(^|(al Church in 
that city, whej'cof tJie Pieverend Mr. Cominissary Yesey 
had then been rector more than fo]-ty years. On the next 
Sunday I passesl o\'er to Elir^iabeihtown in New Jersev ou 
my journey to ]\I.eMimoat]i County in the Eastern Division 
wiiere I v.as ajipointed to reside and have tiie care of 
( hurches in thai '-ounty, Iteing also liciMised thereto hy 
tiie Piiglit lieverend ilu! late Lord ]>ishop of London. 

Peing come, to the idace of my nussiou I presented 
riy CJ'edentials and was kindlv received and. took the first 
(v;>poriiinity of wailing u]uin tlu' ginernor Lewis ]\[orris 



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EPlSCOl'ALrANISM IN' OLD MONMOUTH. 215 

Esq., at liis seat at KiiiLi;.sburi]j Avliidi is iu the Western 
Division, and took tlie oath of allegiance ii.nd supremacy 
and also the al)iurati(>n (.)ath and subscribed the Declara- 
tion in presence of his Exccdlency. 

U])on making incpiiry into the state of the chnrclu-s 
witliiu my District, I found that the members ^\ ere much 
disturl)ed and in a very unsettled state, insomuch, that 
some of them had thoughts of leaving onr communion 
and turning to the Dissenters. The })articular occasion 
of this I forliear to mention. 

That part of the country abounding in Quakers and 
Anaba])tists, the intercourse with these sects was of so 
bad iutluence, as had produced among the Church people 
thus conforming with their tenets and example. However, 
the main lault was I'athei' carelessness of the ba])tism 
and a great deal was owing to prejudice respecting the 
matter of godfathers and godmothers. 

I had three chnrches immediately in mv charge, 
each of tliem situated in a ditterent townsliip, wliicli had 
regular duty in such proportion as was agreed upon and 
subscribed to at a geiieral vestry meeting soon after my 
coming there. The names of the townshi])S are Freehold, 
Shrewsbury and ^NJiddletoAvn. I also otficiated at Allen- 
town in l'])]ier Freehold while that church was destitute 
of a minister. These four townships comprised the Avhole 
county although 40 or oO miles in length and in some 
parts of it consideraldy wide. I also did occasional 'luty 
at other places. 

As to the (diurch buildings I have found them all 
much out of condition, esjjecially the cliurch at Middle- 
town, which Avas l)eguu to l)e built but the year before I 
came there, and had nothing done on llie inside, not even 
a floor laid. So that we had no ])lace for the pi'esent to 
assemble in Divine worship, only an old liouse which had 
formerly V)een a meetingliouse. 

I had now a <4reat and very dit'ticult task of it to 
bring people to th»^ communion. The}' that were con- 
foiniablc to this sacrt'(l ..irdiiumce were in very small 
nund)ers. 3Iany persons of 50 or OO yt-ars of age and 



24.C) HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AM) OCEAN COUNTIES. 

some older li;ul never juldressed tlieiiiselves to it. I took 
all possil)le pains to sati.-,iv thi^h: scruples. i.';M\'e tlieiii 
fre(iiieut o}iportnnities of Ihe eoiinnnnio]!, and by tlie 
blessini;- of (rod gained most of the ancient peo]jle beskles 
many others, who gave due and devout attention to it 
ever after. 

The number of my catechumens began now to in- 
crease and sevrral of ripei' years presented themselves 
witli a seeming e.-irnestness to receive the benefit of tlds 
instruction. So I carried it furtinn- and )»ut Lewis' Ex- 
position into their hands and a[)poiuted them a dav 
about once a month to come to the C'onrt fbmse and sav 
the ])arts which I set them t(j get bv lieart, and this 
course I continued tdl some of thein could recite it from 
end to end. 

In the year 174.0 the chni'cli at ^Middleti^wn, which 
liad stood useless, being, as 1 have l)ef'>re mentioned, 
only a shell of a Iniildiug, had now a lioor laid and was 
otherwise inade lit to h.-ne divine worsid]) performed iu 
it. The congregatioji of this church ^\■as but small and 
as the service could not ])e oftener th;in once a mojith, it 
was morally impossi!)le to increase the number mudi. 
es}»ec''ally as there was a weekly nu^etiiig of Anabjiptists 
iu tlmt town, so that it was the most 1 couhl propose to 
prevent tiiose, that were (u' tlie cdiurch froui l)eing drawn 
away by dissenters. 

St. Peters, in tlie townshi]> of Freehold, which had 
been built many years V)ut was never (piite comjdeted. 
was afterward lifted up. 

The situation of St. Peters Clnircli at '/'nj'Ofh //tex, 
which is distant from any town, is however, conveniejit 
enough to the congregation ami was resorted to In* manv 
families in .^tuldlesex county living within the several 
districts of Cranljerry, Mach(^]>oiieck an<l S(uith River, 
their missionary, my fi'ieud and brotlier. ]\Ir. Skinner, 
gladly remitting to me tlie care of them. 

At a town cabed 3Iiddl(-town ]^)il^t T preached 
diver.-^ tiun-s. t!ie ])lace being renn)t(% and few ul the set- 
tlers In'.vine' aiiv wav for coiivenience of comin<r toclini'ch. 



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ETIS( OPAI.IAMSM rx OLD .MOXMOlTH. 247 

The iiihaliitaiits of Frepliold t<">\vjisliip wero at least 
lialf of tlieni Piesl)yrerian. Tlit^ cluueli peoyde and 
these interspeised aiuouL;- eacli other, had lived less in 
charity and la'othei-ly love than as beeomes churches. 
Bvit they beg-an on both sides to think less of the things 
in which thi^v diileri'd in ()])inion than of those in which 
they agreed. 

The Church of ]-^nglaud worship had at Shrewsburv 
been provided for by tije liuilding of a rhurcli before 
there was any other in the i-onnty; but this rhurtdi wns 
now too small for the nunun-mis congregation. People 
of all sorts re.sortf^l thither and of the (Quakers, which 
are a great body in tliat township, thei'e were several 
who made no sci'U})le of being pi'esent at divine service, 
and were not too precise to nncovei- their heads in the 
liouse of God. 

I went si^nndimes to a place called ?>Janas{pian, 
almost twenty miles dist.uit from my habitation where, 
and at Shark liiver, ^shirh is in that neighl>orlu<od some 
church families wti'i'e settled who were glad of all oppor- 
tunities for the exercise of r(digion. 

From ^Ian;i.>(puin, for twenty miles fui'ther on in the 
country, is all one pine f'jrest. T traveled throULdi this 
desert four times to a phice called ]>;n'neg;it, and tlniice 
to Manahawkin, almost sixty miles froni lunne, and 
preached at places wir^re no foot of minister had ever 
come. 

In this >,ei_-tion I Incl my views of heathenis?n just as 
thoroiiglily as 1 have eser siuct^ beheld it. The inhabi- 
tants are thinly st-attered in regions of solid wood. Some 
are decent peci|>le. who had lived in better places, but 
those v>ho were born and bred here have ntdther religion 
nor manners, and do not knr)\v so much as a letter in a 
book. 

As ()uakerisin is the nane' under which all thr)se in 
Amerii-a shade themselves th.it liave been l)rought up to 
none, but Would be thought to l>e of some religion; so 
tle.^se poor ]ie(ej,le rail themselves (^)uakers. but they have 
no nuH'tiiiu^^, aud man\ of them make no distinction of 









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248 HISTORY OF AIONIklOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTTF.S. 

days, neitlior ()bsel•^ing Lord's Day nor the Sal)batli. 

In my journeying tlirougli this part of the country I 
had many coufereuces and disputes with the ]ieople. 
Some oi" them were 'vvilliug to see t]ieir errors, and others 
■were as obstinate in defending theirs. It jdeased God 
that I brought some to a true sense of them, and I gained 
a few to the communion, and baptised, besides cliihlren, 
seventeen grown persons, of which number was Nichohis 
Wainright, nearly eighty years of age. 

I had ]iow seen a grerd chari^e in the state of my 
mission witlrin the s}iace of three years, through the 
grace of God rendering my hibois elTectual to a good 
end : in pa.rticuhir as to the peace and unison whicli the 
church mond)ers, after having been much at variance 
among themselves, were nosv returned t(), and the ceasing 
animosities betwixt them a)id those of other societies. 
For these I acc(nnit the most valual)le success that 
attended my ministry. 

In the latter end of tin- year IToO. having then been 
about live years in America upon this mission, I Avrote to 
the venerable and honorable society a letter requesting 
of them to grant me a mission to the coast of Guinea, 
that I iniuht go to make a trial with the natives and see 
what ho])es there woidd 1>p of introducing among them 
the Chrisl.ian religion. My recpiest v,-as granted and on 
November 2.''^tli, IToi, 1 went on board the brigantine 
"Prince (Tcorge,"" bound ioi' the coast of Africa. 

The most noteil a;iioi)Lr the first clerjfvmen (^f the 
Protestant ]i!piscopal Church who held s^'rvices in the 
county, was tlie celebrjite-l li-v. (reorge Keith. When 
he first li.e;ited at Fieehold lie was an active member of 
the Society of Friends, as it would seem were others of 
the first settlers. lie left Freehold in 1(;S".> uud went to 
reside in Plnladeljiliia. In IGO-t he went to London, and 
soon aftf-r abjured the doctrines of the (^)uakers and b»^^- 
i-ame a /eadous clergyman of the ( "hurcli of Fiiu'laiid. He 
officiated some time in his motiiei- ecmntrv, and in ITO'i 
he was sent to Ampri<;'a as a missionarv of the '" Sot-iety 
for the Ih'opagation of the Gitsjxd in Foreign I*arts.'" He 



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THE KOGERINE BAl^TISTS. 240 

sailed from Eiiglaud April '2^, 1702, iu the ship " Cen- 
turion," l)ouud for Boston. After his arrival he traveled 
and })reached in various })arts of Xew En^'land and New 
York, acc'orn})anied and assisted by the ilev. John Tal- 
bot, mIio h;id been chaplain of the shi}i, and who. a few 
years later, located in Burlington, N. J., in chari^e of the 
Protestant Episcopal Society there. Mr. Keith arrived 
at Aniboy and ])reached his first sermon iu Xew Jersey 
in that phu-e ()ctober o, 1702. He says that among the 
audience were some old accpiaintances, and some had. 
been (^uakei's, but were conui over to the church, par- 
ticularly Miles Eorster and John ]jarclay (brother to 
llobert Barclay, who puldished the "• Apology for 
Quakers'"). After stop})ing a few days witli Miles Forster 
he left for Monmouth cnunty. where he preached h\-i 
lirsfc sermon (_)ctob»u' 10, 1702. He traveled and preacheil 
in various parts of the county for about tW'^ years, t]',en 
went to Burlington and Philadelphia, and shortly saile<l 
for England. 

THE EOGEBINE BAPTISTS. 



A SINGUT.AR i;Erj(rTOL'S SOCIETY AT WAKETOWN. 

About the year 17-)7 a society i>f Pvogcriue Ba]>tists, 
or (Quaker Ba])tists, as they were then called, located ;'.t 
AVaretown, now in ()c-ean count\\ From v;ui<;)us. notices 
of the histoTN of this siuiiulnr sect and ho\^• a society 
came to bt' located in ()ceau countv, we extract the fol- 
owing : 

This society was founded bv .lohu Bogers alio'jt 
1071; his followers li;i])tised by immersion; the Lords 
Supper they admiuistei'cd in the evening with its ancient 
;i]ij)endages. 'J'hey did not believe in the san.etitv ol 
the SabbatJu The> l).diev(Ml that since the deatJi <A 
Christ all days were lioly alik'-. Thev used no medicim^s 
nor employed doctois or surgeons ; would n»)t sav grace 
at meals : all jirayei-s to O,- saul nu'utallw excejil when 
the s[)irit of pia\ev comj>dled the us • of voice. They 
said, "All unscriptni'nl parts of I'eligious wttrship aie 



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HISTOIU' OF ^rOXMOrTH AM> 0<EAN COUNTIES. 



itlols," ami all i;i)ntl Christians sIkmiM exert tlieuisclves 
a-^ainst idols, etc Aiaon!>- the idols tliev nlac-fd the 
observaiiee of the S;ilil)ath, infant iKiptisni, t'te. Ihe 
.Sal)l)atli tlu-y called the New J-'n^land idol, and the 
methods tliey took to demolish this idol were as follows; 
The} would on Sundays try to oe at some manual labor 
near meetin^liouses or in the way of ]>eople !j,'(->iiii;' to and 
from church. They would take work into meeti]!y,'liouses. 
tlio v.ouKMi knittini;", the men whittlini:" and makinL;; 
splints for baskets, and every now and then e<»utradiet- 
ing the preachers. "This was seeking- jiersecution," 
says one writer, "and vhev received ])]enty of it. inso- 
much that tin- New Enelanders left some of theui neither 
liljurty, propert}' or whole skins.'" 

John llogers, the founder of tlu^ sect, who, it is sr.id, 
v.'iis as churlish and c(jntiary to all men as Ihoii'enes. 
preached over forty years, and died ir, 1 7'21. Thec>cca- 
sion of his death was siiiuul;\r. The smallpox, was ra.u'- 
ii!g ten'ibh" ni jjoston aral spread an alarm to all the 
country ar<_>UMd. Ib'-tr^ was confident that he could 
mingle ^vith tln> diseased and that th(^ strength of his 
f:'>ith wonld preserve him safe from th.e niorral coutaeion. 
AcitordiuLilv he was presum])tu(nis enough to rravel one 
]:nndred mih's to I'.oston to brine his faith to tlie te-t. 
The result was that he caui;ht the contagion, came home 
and died with it, the disea.-,c alss. spreadinu lu h.s famil\' 
an.d among his neighbors. This event om* woidd think 
would have somewhat shaken the faith of his followers, 
but on th(> contrar\' it seeme'l to increas;- tln'ir zeal. 

]n 17"2o a coiepjinv of Iiogei-ines wert- taken u]) on 
tlK' S.ibhath in Xorwicii. Conn., wdiile on tlieir way from 
tludr place of residence to Lebautni. They were treat< il 
v-ith much abuse, and many of tli'em whipped in a ne^t 
unmerciful manner. 'J'his occasioned (To^■. Jenics. ot 
Pihode Island, to u rite s])li-ited!v ai;ainsr th"ir piU'socu- 
toi-s, and also to coiid(Mnn the lvog(U-inc-s for their jirovok- 
ing, disordeiT,' c( -nduct. 

One fannly of the llouerines was nam-'d Colvei, oi- 
Cidv.e.-, Tvlwards' History spells it one way an-l (">ov. 



THK ItOuElUNF. I'.AI'TISTS. 



0:M 



JeiilvS the otiu-r. ) Tliis family consisted of Jolm ColvtM' 
and liis wife, who were a ])aft of the ctJinpaiiy which wa>^ 
treated so I'udclv at Norwich, and five sons and tive 
daughters, who. with their fan.ilic^,, made U]) t]ie number 
of twenty-(me souls, la the year 17-'>1 this lar^e family 
removed from New Loii»h)n, Conn., and settled in Nt.^w 
Jersev. The first place they ])itched npon for a residence 
was on the east side of Stdiooley's ^fountain, in ]\Lorris 
county. They t-ontinued here ahout tliree years and 
then went in a l)otly to AVaretown, then in ?k[onmouth, 
h'Ut now iu Ocean county. AVhile here they had their 
meetings in a schoollionse, and their peculiar manner of 
conducting services was (piite a nov.dty to otlier settlei's 
in the vicinity. As in England, during the meeting th.e 
women Avcudil 1)e engaged in knitting or sewing, and the 
men in making ax*' liandles, basket s)»lints, or ejigag(Mlin 
otlier work, but we liear of no att<Mu})t to disturb other 
s(~)ciotics. 

Thc^y ciuitinui'd ;it V. arc^town about (^leven years, 
and then went back to Alorris countv and settled on the 
west sid(^ of the mountain from whi(di tlicv hadremo\'e(L 
In l-TDO thev we're reduced to two old persons whose 
nami^s were 'J'iiomas C'oher and Sarah ^Lann; l)ut the 
posterity of John ('olv(^r, it is said. i>; yet (piite numer- 
ous in Morris count\. Abraha.'u A\ ;ieir, from whom the 
village of ^\'aretow!l d_(M'i\t's its name, ti'adition says was 
;i nu^mlier <»f the llogerine Society. Wle^i the main 
liody of the soci(!t\' left he reniaineil l)ehiud, a.nd became 
cpiite a ])romiuent !>usirL(\ss man, generally esteemed. He 
died in 17<)S, and Ids desceailants i-. 'moved to Sijuan anil 
vicinity, near the lu-ad of I'Jariiegat J>ay. 

]:>efore coiicluding this notice i>f the Ivigerines, it 
should be stated that anothef thing in tln^ir O'eed was, 
that it w;i,s not nec3ssarv to ha\'e marria^ 'S peformed liy 
miiHsters or legal ctlicers. The\- held that it ^\as not 
necessary foj- tJie man and wcunan to <^xchang<' \(»\\s of 
nuirriage id n:-d<.} iheceremon\ biiid;ne. .-V zealous Jtog- 
erine once took to himself a wilt' in this simple manner, 
and then, to tautali/e (iovcrnor Saltonstidh caUed on him 



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252 IIISJ'OUY OF .MCNMOl.'J'}! AND OClvVN COUNTIES. 

to inform liiin tliey hud niairied themselves witliont aid of 
chiireli or state, and tliat tlie}' intended to live tc^L;-etlier as 
husband and wifr withont their sanction. "\\'liatl'" said 
the Governor, in ap[»ai-e!it iiidi;L>natiou, "do you take this 
woman for your Avife?" "Yes, I most certainly do," re- 
plied the man. "And do yon take this man for your 
husband? " said he to the woman. The woman replied 
in the afrii-mative. "Tlien," said the wily old (lovernor, 
"in the name of the CV)lJnnon^\ ealtli I }>ronoinu'e \oii 
husband and wiiV — whom God hath joined toiiether let 
no man put asunder. Yon are now married according to 
both law and i^osjx'l/" 

The eou]»le retired, much chagrined at the unex- 
pected way the Governor Jiad turned the tables on them, 
despite their boasting. 

M01L"\[()N1SM IN OCEAN COrNTY. 



In 1SI>7. lllder iJcnjanjin A\ inehester pri-achtnl the 
Urst ^Mormon sermon in Oci^an countv, in a schoolhouse 
iu New Eg}pt. ^A'inrhfster was from the State of New 
York, ami (Uie of the early diseiples of .[o8e])li Smith, 
He continued for sonie time toliold legalar services here, 
and in his disc(jurses gave minute aeeonnt of the alleged 
original disco verv cd' the golileu plates of the Bo(jk of 
Mormon near Palm\ ra. New Yurk, bv Jo-.e[ih Smith, and 
their translation l)v Jiim and Si'lnev JUgdr»n. ami churned 
that thev were (h-positcd bv a ]).M)pk' two thousand years 
l)efore, whom they said were tlie Ijost Tril)es of Israel. 
He also pi-eached in neighbo)'in^' [Uaces. He m;ide some 
fifty converts, who were bapti/eil ; auiomj; them was Al)ra- 
ham Euitis, wlio Ix-came a preacLer, and a large uumiier 
joined tlie societv nt Horn(^i-st(>\vn, wjiere they tinally 
V)uilt a church, and wheic a good manv resjiecdable ])eo- 
ple adhej-ed to the faitli. Tiie churcdj has since o'one 
down, but a feu peojiie remained fav<n'ably impressed 
with th^' i)rii)ci I )[!'.-,. Their iab(jrs i \t mi li;d to Toms River, 
iind h( re, tt)o, thev built a small (diurch t)]\ th" stuith side 
of the river, wl^iidi is renn-mbeied as tlie hist buiMing 



yj/ JO > y.L. 



MOKMONISM IX OfEAN COUNTY. 253 

ill wlueli tlie Oi'pjiu Coiiuty Courts were held after the 
C'ountv was 'established, and before the coiTrt house was 
liuilt. Theii- preachers also went as far south as Forked 
lliver, where they made a considerable impression, and 
baptized soiat' in the mill i>orid — the })reaclier comjdi- 
mentin^ one convert, it is said, by sayinu', after immers- 
ing lier. that he saw the devil as bjg as an owl leave her I 

Joseph Smith, the fc^under of ]\[ormonism, visited 
New Egypt, Hovnerstown and Toms River, in 18 iC, and 
sealed ;i larg-^ nund.)er. William Snnth. biothei- of iIk- 
l)rophet. frequen.tlv preached at New Ei^yjit ; he preached 
the funeral sormon of Alfred ^^^ilson, who was originally 
a Methodist, l)ut bt^cauic a ]>{ormou jueaclier. James 
L. Curtis, originally a INiethodist, also i)ecame a Mormon 
preacher. The present successor of .Tose])h Smith and 
Brigham Younu', as head of the ^b)rm(.n Church, is John 
Taylor, who lias also ju-eached in Ocean county, and was 
])robabiy the last v.ho prea'-heil as far south as Forked 
Eiver. He held forth about Ib^l, in tlie old P'orked IMy- 
er sehoollionse, ana his sermon seemed to ditl'er l)ar little 
from an old-fashiou':d Metliodist sermon e)n the ]iecessity 
of salvaticuj, a- he n'ade but litth^ allusion to the '_;eculiar 
tenets of 3b)rmonisiJi Ab(tiit LS.~)'J ni;iu\' ^lormou ^-on- 
yerts left Ocean county for Salt f ake C'itv. iimong whom 
Avere Josf>jih Clia.id>ei'laiu and family, ><f Foi'ked !\iver. 
and a number I 'f respectable families from T(~r;ns Idver. 
They encountered -^erii-us liardshiijs i.'i crossin-^ the 
plains. It is genei-ally i-onced(v.l that the !Mormon con- 
verts wiM'e noted fr)r si]u/erit\-. industry ami frugality. 

Of .Joseph S'.iiitl) s visit to New lyi;]»vt. some aniusing 
stories, probably "xai:,L;-erat(jd. ar(^ t<dd ;it the expen!--e of 
converts, such ;is of a \vealthv man l)einii told by Sm.th 
to rejiair to a particular tr^■l^ at a certain hour of the 
night and piay for dii-ection from Hea\en, and the L')rd 
would rc|>iy. .Vccordiiiuly tie- man soULjfht tiie p.lace an'l 
prayed as dii-ecti d : li(> v.as answei-ed bv a voice from 
abov(% \\iii'-li, a.iuMiio' otlier things, directinl him to uive ;i 
good share of bis woiidly ^'oods to the ])rophet Smitli . but 
the man seemed to doul)! it !)ein^- the voice of an auuci — 



25-1: histoi;y of moxaiouti[ anj) ocean countiks. 

it souuded nioic likp Smith himself eoiicealeil in the 
In-auclies. 

The litih^ ]\[(niii<'ii cliurch ut Toms River was bc^nj^ht 
iu 1878 by Friiukliii Haiiis aiid is now a part of his 
storelioiise. 

In June, LS7S, Kiv. Wm. Small, a Mormon preacher, 
lield services iu Shinu's Hall. New Egypt. 

EPISCOPAL!. \NJSM JX BAPXEGAT. 

Pev. Mr. Shafer, an E])isc()palian clergymjiu, of Jjur- 
lin<^'ton, held services (jnce a month for a year or so in 
1872-3 at Parncoat ;ind Ma'iali.iwkin, ;iud Pev. ^Sir. Pcttit. 
of Bordentown, preached at Manahawkiu in 1873. 

Bisho]! Odcnheimer visite.l Barne.i;at, July 25, 1875, 
and held services in the ^P E. chnndi, assisted by Pev. 
Ml". Shafer, on '\vhich occjssion l*rof. 13. 1. Xoith nnited 
himself with the P];i>copal d. ■nomination. 

Th<^ 3P';hod!sts used flic old free chni-ch lor many 
rears, but on E* i^rnarv JO, 1S5)!, a certiticaie of incor])o- 
ration ^va~. tiled in tlu' County Clerk's oilice. n.-imiiet;' a..s 
trustees of the 3[. ]\. SociMty, -Job liidwards, Lawj-ence 
Pidgwav, (i.-ibiitd M. Inmaii, Tanis jM.diue and Jeremiali 
Predmo]-e. A lot was bt)Ui;ht an<l i^n the 22 ! of .VuL;'iist. 
1857, th.e corner stone of th.eiv church was iaid,. on which 
occasion Pevs. Messrs. Ste.cklon, Corson aiai others of- 
iiciateth The l>asement was deilicated January 17tli. 
18511, Pev. A\dlliam C. Sti>ck*^oii, pastor in charij:(\ Pe'-' P- 
P>. LawreiK-e and orhers present. The main auilience- 
rooni w.ts dedi(.-ated January 51st. lMii;la-\-. A. E. Pal- 
lard ])reached the dedication •xad fie- pastor P^ev Samuel 
H. Ji)hnsoii assisted in the s-rxices. Idie church was 
burned dA\ n i)!i the mornia;:' of May ■.'5d. ISS'i. Meas- 
ures w'viv at once taken to rebuild it au5 tlie m^w ccu-nei' 
stojie was laid 5ul\- 1 Itli, b^>'J, on which day it wasaii- 
iKUinced lliat -"^"ijOon liad heen raiseci to ward >. the build inu 
fund. 'I'he baschseiit was d. beat al i>ecend).-r loth, Iss-J. 
while pi \. J. .1. (iraw wa-^ [:astoi. Pe'>. -bihn Milh^r. e.I 
Trenton, pitaciied m the fuoniinu and in the cNi^niuL';. 



RKLTCJOUS SoCnyjIES. 2.).) 

Presi(lii),^ Elder Slioclv i-oiulm-teil tlie services. Tla- 
ehuri'li so far as then completed cost s(J,(iOO, of Avhirli all 
but sl'iO had been raised. 

EELIGK )rs SOCIETIES. 



The first church bniU at 13ariie,u;at was the t^)uakei- 
meetiu^uhoust;'. The dend for the land on which it is sit- 
uated, is dated Jurie 11, 1770, and is from Timothy liid^,- 
wav and Ee\i CranuuM' to Steplipn ]>irdsall arid Jolt 
iiidgwav, of Barnegat, and ])aniel Shrouds and Joseph 
Gauntt, of Tuckerton. The deed calls for one acre and a 
half (juarter — consider,. tion money, twenty sliitlings. The 
meetinghouse was then alr(>adv built, as the deed i_-alls 
for the beginning <jf the survey at a cntriin course and 
distance "from the south-east (■•niier of the meeting- 
house.'* The Job Ilidgway named in the deed died July 
•24, 1832, ag^^d SD yeai-s. 

The Prcsbvterianv were anioug the early religious 
pioneers of the village, min about 17G0 they ..•ommenced 
holding regular f>r occasional services. Among tlie first 
preachers were Ifev. Messrs. ('hesuut. Green, McKnight 
and. John Brainerd. E»-o'ii a lettei' written by llev. Joliu 
Brainerd in 17G1, it seems the Presbyternms iipld their 
meetings at the house of Mr. Bulon. 

The Presbyterian Society now at Barnegat is of 
recent origin, having b'cen organized in February. Is7(], 
Avith nine memlters. 

The lij'st etfort to introduce Episcopalianism in Ijar- 
negut was i>y Jlev. Thouras Thom[)son, 1>etween 1740 and 
1750, which he uientions in his pul dished accc^unt of 
missionarv ser\ices in old Monmouth in those years. 

Th(> Methodi.-,t pioneers held regalar or occasi<inal 
services ]>robid)ly as far i)aek as the Bovolution. The 
tli'st Methodist Society was oi'gani/iMl in 1821), with tht' 
late Bev. Job Edv.;n\ls as tlie first rla>s leader and local 
preachei'. ]Mr. Edwards" grandfather. James Edwards. 
who had been a soldiei; in the old Er-undi War. was one 
of tlie earliest ;iud most <arn('st convei'ts {o Methodism 



256 HisTiatY OT MON:\ro( Tii axd opeax corxTirs. 

alono- sliore. and in move nlod^^l•n times the Society in 
this section lias had no more /t^ahuis, suecessfal laliorei- 
than He V. Job J-'dwards. "He still lives"' in the (diev- 
ished rememhiance of his i'ellow-nn'^mbers, aiid in the 
evidences of his works in the cause of his Master. 

THE OLD ];Ai;Ni:(rAT fi:i:k niuju'if. 

The followinii' copy i>i a paper shows the orijj;iii of 
the old Barne,!j;'at I'ree (Uiurch. To residents of this sec- 
tion the names appended will he read with interest, as 
they recdl their })]edecessors of fifty years ago: 

Stafi oi;7). June od. lS"2iJ. 

"\\ e, the suLscrihers, inhahitants of Jjarnc^ai, iu the 
township of Staffoi'd, and county of 3Ionmouth, do pro- 
pose to build a meetii]<4liouse for the })urpose of ])reach-- 
inn', in the village of ]^j;irnegat, free and open for the rc- 
ce]»tion of preacher's of all Christian denominations. 
^e therefore solicit the aid of all charirably disposed 
persons, as we are fally })<'rsuaded that all thai is given 
for such a purpose will l)e abundantly made up to us in 
this life, and tenfold in that whicli is to coim-, for we con- 
sider it our reasonable <bitv to use ever^ means pre- 
scribed in the (-iospel to aid in the diil'usion of the Word 
of God throughout our land. 

AA e therefore promise to pay unto tlie trustees Avho 
shall be appointed to receive the same, the sum annexed 
to our several signn.turcs, on or iiefore tlie tirst dav of 
August next ensuing, if thereto required: 

Daniel Smith. ^;2(); Thos. B. Odell, SiiO; D. S. Hay- 
wood, >:10; Joltn Tilt(m, SlO; Caleb Cranmer, .<20; Sracy 
•lemiings, S.); .)ob Inman, r^o ; John Ferine, So; Eldwa.rd 
Jennings, .<.*>; Orrin Chandicrlain, .^5; l^enjamiu Collins. 
S5 ; Lawrence ]'all:ijiburg, $5; Daniel Conover. •■^3; .lohn 
Cranmer, s.~) ; S.-unuel Ferine, ."^-i ; Amos liird^all. Jr., s;; : 
AV][i. Chandler, si ; Sar.ili Jlemsen. S|(t ; James CMllins. 
^]0: Jaivis Hazleton. sj; David Fc.mI. si, Daniel W. 
Holt, S.') ; J^oe.^hty S(ip»er, S2 : J)aniel Ferine. >:>; Solomon 
So])ei'. S.l; ,bi!in Jiinlsall. s.") ; Sanuiei l^dwards. >."> ; S(dah 
()liphant. So; Jesse Jlulon, S."); Isaac 1'. Peckwoith, S!) ; 



PvELKilors S(»( TKTIF.S. "J,.) i 

Joliii Luuguiis, sl ; Etluard -leiiiiui^s, -Ir., si. 50: Hezo- 
kiali Soper, s~) ; ],);iviil .inlnison, sl; Samuel Tavloi'. S:.* ; 
AVra. Letts, S') , .Jul) ('()(ik, sl ; Win. Union, sl ; James I\ 
Berline, slO; David C'linrch, s.", ; Charles JUiiler. SIO; 
JobEd^va^as, Sl") ; Tln.s. Lewis, slO; TIk.s. FAhvards. Sr.. 
.?5; David lUdon, s"); rioiitice Jln..diee, slO; AN'm. D. 
Olipliant, So ; J. F. Eandol}>li, So : Adam Mvcrs, So; 'i'uuis 
Bodiiie, SlO; Moses Headley. So; .John C;un])iiiii, So; 
Timothy Can(h>e, ■:7'2\ E/ekiel Smith, '^^i: ?*Iieliael Inman. 
S3; Joshua llinear, So : Ja.uu>s liiuear, So; Jolu) rarker, 
$5; Jonathan Olijdiant, s;;; ,ler<^nii;di Lredmoro, S'i ; 
Matthew Miller, S2; (Ta1)ri<d Mills, slO; Jolm SolsLixro-, 
Sl ; Ei)hraim P]-edmore, SlO; ilichard Jiidgway, .so ; 
James Ivlwards, >^o , George Edv/ards. s") ; James .Mills, 
So; Alex. Duncan, So; Lenjamin Olipliaiit, Sf) ; -lohn 
Einear, sl ; David Swain sl; Jes.sc Pena, s;]; Samuel and 
John C'orlies, S4 ; Thomas, M. Cook, s*J ; Zalman Cliurcdi, 
$3; Samuel Lirdsall, So; Jann^s (Uberson, S3; Xoali 
Edwards, sl. Total, slOS.oO. 

IJAYVILI.E METHODIST ETISCOT'AL rTIURCH. 

A eertilicate of iucorpoi.ilio)! oi" the Methodist Epis- 
cr)])al cliureh at Potter's Creek (now Payvillei reofu'ded at 
Tojn.-. River, is datml Jannai v 0, ISoo, and nanie^ as 
trustees Samuel T, Rogers. Ronben I'illon. Cale]) (Irant, 
"William JejiVe^- and Moses R. Anderson. 

The eertiiieate of incor])t)rati(m of the ''Trinity 31. E. 
CluuTdi of Ba.yville," fOe-l Si^ptember 20,187-2, states tliat 
at a meeting held ^Nlay 9, Ls72. the following persons were 
elected trusti^es : Samuel R. Bunnell, Thonms Harvey, 
Richard Plnliips, VN^illiam JeilVey, Barzillai B. Andersoii. 

Tlic corner stone of the P)a.yville 31. E chui'di was 
laid Se]Uen2l)er 0. 1873, and the church was dedicated 
June 20, LshO, Rc\. L. Yansant oliiciating in the cen^- 
monies. 

r.ETHEL MKjyjING HOUSE, I'.EltKELY TcnVNSHl 1>, J'COU'ESTA.NT 
3tETH01)lS'r SorTETV. 
At a meeting of ^lethodist Protestant.-> of whi'-li Rev. 
liCwis L. Nerd was chairuian, lieM Octoiier 23, bs.l.l, the 



of. 



•i.is 



HISTOltY ^)F MO.NMOITJI AM) OCEAN COUNTIES. 



followiuj^' persons w(n-p t4fM-te(l trustees: (^'lark Newman, 
Ezekiel Lewis, Deiij. S. r.t^wis, Jjenajali Everinj^haiu, Beu- 
jaiiiin ]*earee. 

This J^etlu'l ]\i('etir.i;- House was tlu' olil DoAer 
(']uii)el. 

METHODIST i'ltOTESTAN'r CHriH'H 3[ETE TECENK. 

This eliuvch, on what was tenneJ the Athiutic cir- 
c-uit, at a lueetini;- \io]'\ OctoiuT 11, lSo5, eleeteJ the fol- 
h)wi]ij^- trustees: Jsaae ( )sb< iruc, John M. Brown, Julin 
C. Curtis, .Tose})h S. AVarth^H, Edward Cook. The eertih- 
cate of ineoi}:>oration w.ts rec(U'ded Jaiinar\' ii), ls.")7. 

Ohl Dover Chapel was built about Is-J'.i as a church 
free to all denoujinations. Jt ^vas us^d niainh- bv the 
Methodist Episco])al Society and next by the Protestant 
Metliodists. 

sonirrY oe eiuends at ijahnegat. 

The (Quaker meetinghouse at Barue^'at, was origin- 
ally built at least as early as 177U, as the deed for the 
land on which it is situated is dated June 11, 1770, and it 
speaks of tlie nu^etin^^house as then built. 

The deed was from Tinjothy Ividu-wav and Levi 
C*i'aiimer, of Staiibi-d townshi]), Monnioutli eount\', to 
Stephen Ijui'dsail and, J(d) Itid^w ay, son (^i -aid Tiuiothw 
of the same }ilaee. and Paniel Sh(>urds aiid J')s<'ph 
Gauntt, of Tjittl(> I\u;u; Harbor, in Ibnlinutiui couutv, i-on- 
sideration inoney twenty shillings. The tract is thus de- 
scribed: 

One piece *u- ^kU'ccI of land containing one acre and 
I'alf qviarter, lying at I>arnegat. in tlie townshi]) of St;i.f- 
ford, in the county of ^[onnniuth, it being part of a 
tract of five huiidred acres that the said Eidg\sav and 
(Jrantncr p(irch;e;ed of ( )li's-er Delanev and Henry Cu\'- 
ler, dr., by (me indenture^ of bargain and sale under their 
I'iinds and seal.-., dated the ninth day of Se}itember, 17-"'.'. 

Tlie grantet's abo^(" n;inn'd deedi^d the lot, the same 
date, to " 1'he j-,e(-.p|e of ( ro.l cilled (^)uakers. behmging 
to the montld\- nn-eting held at Little Egg Harbor, in 
J)Urlin<>"ton i iv." 



.,1/ : ■ ' I ; ' '. Ill '11 , I .■ . •!>..•, I' f.j- 



ill /I I 1/ .il t..ri / ) 






KELUaOUS SOCIETIES. 259 

The tirst iianitHl deed was proved before Silas Craue, 
Judge, July 17, I8I0, and recorded at Freehold, Book \V, 
p. 'shi, July ±2, 1.413. 

The last named deed was proved before Judge Silas 
Craue, July 22, 181:5, and is recorded at Freehold, Book 
W, p. 305. The witnesses to the first deed were Biehard 
Ridgway and Levi Cranmer, Jr. 

Before the meetinghouse at Baruegat was built, 
(Quaker })reaehe]-s travelled along shore, and the tirst 
place in what is now Ocean county where they held 
meetings, was at West Creek. 

John Fothergill, Jane Haskeus, xlbigail Bowles. John 
Woolman, Peter An.drews, Benjamin Jones, Patience 
Brayton, Job Scott, Elizabeth Collins, and other noted 
preachers travelled antl held meetings ''through the des- 
erts, from Chesterfield, in Burlington county, to Little 
Egg Harbor, extending the love of truth to the poor 
people thereaway, ' during a period extending from 1722 
to 17G5. 

On September 15, 17S5, JoV) Scott preached at Bar- 
negat, and says : "I had a very laborious meeting at 
Barnegat, though a few exercised friends were |)resent. " 

ST. John's eomax CATiiOLic church, maxchesteh. 

A lot was ]iresented to the Catholics of Manchester 
l)v "William Torrey, Es(|.. antl work was commenced in 
building tJie church al)out October, lS70. F;ither De- 
laney received fourteen members May 3, 1874 In 1S7C, 
Father Donelly lield services here the first Monday in 
each month. 

The certiticiite of inc()r]ioration, filed January 18. 
1878, named jis trustees lU. Bev. Michael A. Corrigan, 
Roman Catholic Bislio]^ of the Diocese of New Jersey ; 
Yerv licv. Geo. H. Doane, Vicar-Cieneral of same diocese ; 
The YerN Bev. Sianislaus J,)amelovr, pastor, anil A^'i^iam 
McLaughlin and Patrick McElheuney, lay raeml)evs. 

^:a\ci[kstei; m. e. cHUitcn. 
Th>^ comer stone of the M. E. C'hurch at tliis place 
was laid June 24, bsc.O, Puxr^. E. H. Stokes, W. W. Moli'ett, 






j'.iii 



.:,7 /J. i 



// riu,-'\i\ U •! I ■!■ 



260 HISTORY OF MOX^rOUTTI AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

P. (J. Jolinsoii, A\'. F. Morris, ;ni(l J. W;i<2;<i; oliiciatinti;. 
(xeueral Jolm S. SclmUxf was PrpsidiMit of the i>oaril nf 
Trustees. The chui'cjj was conijdoted XoveinlxM- 2;),187(i. 

MAN(HEsT]:i: T'i;es]:ytei;ian ( uracil. 

In 184-1, savs llev. 1. G. S\iiiinos, a house of worshiu 
was erected at ^NEaiudu-spr and dedicated in Novenj])er of 
the same year, II'm-. l>r. Sauiuel H. Cok olliciatini;. The 
cliurch was ori^anizei! in the Spring- of the next vtar l)_v 
the l'resl)\tery (jf Iji-odkivn. New School. Tlie succeed- 
ma: Sjn'inu', 181:1, Mr. \Villiani 11 Schenek, subsec[uently 
of the Presliyteriau Board of Publication, a licentiate of 
the P]'esl)ytery of N(>w PruriSAvirk, was called. Then oc- 
curred what is believed to have been the first fraternal 
corre8})on(h^nce between the Old andXew School bodies, 
between the P]'esl)yterv of Brooklyn, and the Pj'esl)ytery 
of New P>runs\vi(dc ; and the ('hurch of Manchester was 
transferred by the former to the latter Presbytery, andi 
Mr. Schenck was ordaiiied and instalh-d first past(n-. A 
lar<^'e coniniittee, lur-aded by J)r. ]3enjaniin Bice, came 
down to install hiin, and the oin-asion was a memorable 
one in that part of tlu- county. 

Mr. Srhencklcft in two years, and ihc idiurch passed 
throuiL!;h two nunc brief ])astorates before 18.")1. 'Idien 
came a peiiod ot ^reat depression in business and the 
villa<j;e was ncailv (h'populat<'d for ten years. ]b'!4ular 
services and Sabl)ath school, however, were maintain(Ml 
l)v Elder AVilliam It.ri'ey, witii occasional ministerial 
hel]), until Aui^ust, 1801, v\'lien a regular pastor v^as se- 
cured. Then Bevs. ^Messrs. Chailes ]). Xott, James 
l\'tri>' and K. M. Ivello^jj; came iri rapid succession, re- 
mainini;- each but a short tiie.e. The Ijrief ministry of 
Dr. Schenck was y;reatly blessed. In 1877 the rnember- 
shi}) was tifty-six. 

The followiu;,;; is a list of the pastors of the 3Ianches- 
ter Prt'sbyte-rian cluirch wliich was organized ]Mandi lo. 
184'2 : 

Piev. William ]■:. S(du-nck, 1). D., from February 28, 
1813, to :^Jav 14. 184.1 



KELIGIOUS SOCIETIES. 201 

Eev. Morse Howell, Dec. 0, 1845, to April 1, 184,S. 
Rev. diaries D. Knott, Au.oust 11. 1801. to Auoust -Jl, 
1805. 

Rev. James Pptrie, November 15. ISOO, to 31arc]i 12, 
1872. 

Rev. E. ^L KelloL,'-, -Tuly 21, 187:5, to October 22, 
1871. 

Rev. B. T. Pliillips May 0, 1870— wlio still (I88O1 re- 
niaius pastor. 

At a meeting of tlie mGinl>ers and fiieiuls of the 
Presbyterian ':'hurcli at ^[aneliester, held Dee. 8, 1880, 
the following trustees were elected : IViu. T. AVortzel, 
Chas. L. Rogers. John X. Dettrell, Wm. R. Sehultze, 
James M. Quiidiy. ]Mark Souden, Jolin S. Schultze. 

Certificate hied Feb. 5, 18<S1. 

The historical sketcli 01 Mouviioiitli Presbvtery, by 
Rev. Josepli Cr. Syjinnes. iniblishej 1877. in speaking of 
the Whiting Cliurch, says : 

"At pres-mt Rev. rrtM)rge AV. C'ottreli is acting as 
stated su[)j>ly. aii'l be lias under his care a tract eighteen 
miles long and iourteen miles wide. The pojnilation is 
scattered, c(jiicentrated for the most part at four railroad 
points — Whitirig, Wlieatlaiul, AVoodmansie and Shamony. 
There are sixteen members in the new church. "' 

The above liistorica! sketch says the church was 
organized in 1^75, which is probably a typographical 
error, as it was organized the previous \ear. 

Tlie certifcate of incorporation, riled October 15, 
1875, named as trustees, Geo. W. Cottrell, W. H. Wright, 
and B. 1'. Errington. 

WKiriXd AM) SHAMONY rnESBVTEKIAN <'HUUCH. 

The T'nion Presbyterian Society was organized at 
Wliiting on the eviuiiug of August 5, 1871, witli X. R. 
Todd, of Shamony, ;ind W. R. Wright, of Whiting, as 
Riding Idders. A commission of the Momnonth Pres- 
bytery, c(jnsistin_i; of the \\(\. Messrs. Dashiel, Van Dyke 
and Everett had held tv.o days" services at Whiting and 
adjacent ])laces. This societv, it was said, Avas the im- 



.1 // A'"] M 



!li..r 



HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 



lediate result of the labors oi Martin Kellog_L<, a studeut 
If Princeton Seminary. During the following year a 
|ood church edifice was built at Whiting, which was ded- 
icated September 15, 1876. 

WHITING M. E. CHURCH. 

This church was built about 1866, according to Eev. 
|G. W. Simpson, who was at one time its pastor. 

WEST CREEK M. E. CHURCH. 

In an article published in the New Jersey (k^v.rier, 
[May 25, 1881, Mrs. Leah Blarkman says: "'Between 
fifty and sixty years ago there was a Methodist Church 
built at West Creek, and the meetings in the old school- 
house were given up. A few years ago another Metho- 
dist Church was erected at West Creek, and the old 
church was sold t') hWa Baptis^ts, Avho now have a society 
there." 

The new ^dethodist ]']})iscopal C^hurch at A\ est Creek 
was dedicated December 17, lS(;8, during the pastorate 
of Eev. W. S. McCowan. 

The most prominent member of the society at this 
place for \ey\ many years was the late Hon. Joel Hay- 
v^'ood, who, as a local minister, vras well and favorably 
known throughout the lower part of the county. 

A debt of sl,:i(iO ^\hich the West Creek 31. E. Cluirch 
owed, was entirely paid oil" aliout the beginning of lbS3, 
while llev. E. T. Gwynu was ])astor. Of the amount, the 
late Esquire Jolui Willets g:ive SlOO. 

r.AI'TLST CHURCH, WEST CREEK. 

At a meeting lield July 13. 1.S76, Cliarles A. Mott, 
moderator; Dr. T. T. Price, elei-k, the folhjwing trustees 
were elected : Charles Cox, Jouatlnui Shinu, Charles 
Parsons, Samuol Hcadley, J]'.. Sannnd E. Sliinn, Bodine 
Parker, Josej)h King. Certitic;ite recordeil July "iO, 1876. 

STAEEORiniLEi: M. E. CHURCH. 

Tlie coiTier-stone of a 31. E. Church at tliis ])iace 
was laid .luiic ] 2. lS76, Bevs. Gra.w, Sylces, Sini[)si)n and 
Parker olUciatini'-. 



■ V.r-l 'H-. J< M ../rriHw 



...l .,l . 



11. • !(•> .■^ K 



•fMl.'iMi,; 



'•'. A 



; •• ft I. ./' . I /• 



III , li' '111! .;.! Ml 



It..)/ i 



RELIGIOUS SOCIETIES. 2G3 

A CLERliYMEX's SETTLEMENT. 

About 1877 a tract of about seven liuiidved acres, 
lying about lialf-way between Earuegat and Mannaliaw- 
kiu, aud a little west of the main shore road, was bought 
by Kev. Messrs. 11 8. Arndt, H. D. Oi)dyke, Keifer, 
Wright, Middleton, C. E. Little and D. Habrom, aud 
divided into one hundred acres for each owner, which 
they commenced clearing up and improving. The land 
proved productive, and on it good crops of corn, grain 
and fruits of different kinds v.ere raised. Good dwellings 
and outbuildings were erected. The owners were mem- 
bers of the ><ew Jersey M. E. Conference, and they put 
their places under care of iiired employees or tenants, 
occasionally visiting the place for rest and recuperation. 

MANNAHAWKIX DIVISIOX SONS OF TEMPERANCE, NO. o4:. 

The certificate of incorporation of this Division was 
dated June 1.5, 1S50, and signed by Isaiali Cranmer, W. P., 
and Isaac P. Peckwortli, Pi. S. 

CEDAR RUN M. E. CHURCH. 

The corner-stone of the M. E. Churcli at Cedar Pun. 
near Mannalnnvkin, was laid November -0, 1871^, Pevs. 
Ballard, Graw, Parker aud Clark assisting. The church 
was deciicated December IT), 1S^S0. 

The name of Unionville was given to Cedar Pun 
about a doxen years ago. 

CEDAR (iRoVE .M. E. CHURCH. 

The ^L E. Churcli at Cedar Grove, in Stafford town- 
shi]), near Job Corlies' residence, was dedicated Decem- 
ber 24, 1874. Tlie certificate of incorporation, tiled Eeb- 
ruary 4, 187-'), namod tlie frillowmg trustees : Peuben C. 
Corlies. Ji]in Br)\VH]-s, Jol) 31. Corlies, Joliii G. Corlies, 
JosJiua M. Corlies, Samuel Stackliouse, Jr., William 
Cranmer. 

An effort ^\■as made about 1880 to cliange the name 
of Cedar Cn'ove to Corlisville. 

MANNHAWKIN ];A1TIST CHUr.CH. 

Tlie early ]iist(n'y (^f this chardi is given in the cha]>- 



1' .{I •l.niA. f. ;l 



ii{i"j ..:;!. 



M,. :r I!' 



Iii-t 



u') A .K. / v-'-^.i. ';•/ 



4 ... :.,'... :-.^ -:■-■■ 

•r.a ;•(.("» /i' I 'I'll !■• ij. ..•'■■■(■ . .i!; '.. i" 



J ' / .1 1 .'fy rr. '/ 



H i.' 



2(U HISTOKY OF MON3[OUTH AND OCEAN COUNTTKS. 

ter relating to ancient cliurclies in the eonnty. A certiti- 
cate oi incorporation of this chnrcli was lihnl at Toms 
lliver, May IS, Js")?, which states that the foHowing 
trustees were ehx-ted April '21, LSoT : Jarvis H. Brown, 
Amos B. Brown, John V>. Crane, Jr., Stacey Genniugs 
and Joseph I{. ()li])haut. 

The church was rol)nilt and dedicated July 10, 18G7, 
when Bev. Mr. Smith. >>i JUoomheld, X. J., preached the 
dedicatory sermim. Bev. Joseyih Perry, of Philadelphia ; 
Bev. ^h: C'onuollv, of the Mctljodist l-^piscopid Church, 
and i\e\. Edwin S. r)rowe, the pastor, assisting in the 
services. The cost oi rebuilding, includiu'j; furnishing, 
was aViout S'2,77G. A l>;dance of sdOO, due dedication 
day, was all raised on that day, and the cliurch thus 
cleared from debt. The whole amount, except >?'20U, was 
raised in the vicinity. 

The centennial of the organization of tln^ Ba})tist 
Society here was cele])rateil August "25, 1S70, on wliich 
occasion, among tlie s]»eakers, was Bey. Daniel Kelsey, 
who had been a fo]'mer pastoi- for nine years, and also a 
teacher, btrt had been away about tweuty-two years. He 
was accompanied by his two sons, l)orn in tlu^ \illage, 
one of whom Avas also a I^aptist ininister. 

At a nn-eting held SejUcinber •"), 1S7(), Cliarles A. 
^fott, nujderator ; Jarvis H. ]^>rown, clerk; the f(dlowing 
trustees were elected, viz : -Toseph B. Oliphant, Josiah B. 
Cranmnr, Samuel (t. Peckwortli, l^dward Hazleton. Jarvis 
II. Blown. 

Bev. C. A. Mott }>reached his farewell sermon the 
last Sunday in .Inly, lS7S, afti/r whicli he renn)ved to 
A'lneland. 

Bi'V. E. L. Stager became pastof J;\'biaiarv, JSSO, and 
di'-d Api'il 1:5, lSS-_!, aL;ed ■>."> yt-ai's. 

A j>arsonage was erected in ISS'i. Bev. J. T. Bender 
began ));eaching about JfUiuai'W ISS,";. liev. W . H. 
J^idred^c was jiastoi' Jannarw JsiSl. 

MANNAllAWKIN M l•:•|'l!oIl|^■^ i;iMS( ( il'A I. CHCIMII. 

The trustees of .Ma iniaha w kin ^\. Iv (Miureh iiamed 



■, . ,'f r.. ,.•■■■] 



r.?l:d :•:,•..(! /. Jl . 



♦ "I 



11 .';i ii!()'f -M-.i 



UKLKrIOrs SOCIETIES. '2(1.") 

March 1-2, 1803 {Bvuk X, pa.o-e (380, rrooliold records), 
were ]>enj;LMiin Seaman. Samuel Bennett. Edward Lamb- 
son, Benjamin Eaiidol])]!, litnjry Pearson. T'liomas llan- 
dolpli, Matiian i Crane Vi Levi C'amburn and William 
Eandolpli. The deed for churcdi lot to them from Beu- 
ben Eand(>l})h on that ilate, uave lutnnds thus : 

Begins tive feet from west end of stdiooi hou>.e. aiid 

runs — 

S. 88 A^^ 1 chain 75 links. 

S. -2 E. 1 " 50 " 

N. 8S E. 1 ■• 75 •' 

N. 2 W. 1 ■• 5(» " 

Containing one-(piarter acre more or less. CV>ii- 
sideration, ten didlajvs. Witnesses, David Bartine, Stacy 
"Watkinsou. 

The v.itness, David Bartiue, was proVtablv the noted 
Methodist minister of that name. 

The corner-stone of a new edifice for the society was 
laid August 7, 1S72. and the churcii dt'ilicated August (5, 
1874. In the Summer and Eall of 1883 the entire u])}»er 
story of the building was taken down and reconstructed, 
and th*' editice raised ten feet. lu January. 1881, thf- re- 
constructed church was de<licated. Bishop Harris, liev 
Dr. Haulon and the "pastor, Bev. "W. E. Perry, otficiatmg. 
HEr>i;Ei;isviLi.E. 

This is a village situated in Brick towushi}). aixmt 
one mile west of the ?danas(pian Biv(-r, and four and a 
half from the Atlantic. The po[)ulation is about three 
hundred, mi>stlv emploved in fai'ming. There is a ]Metho- 
dist ('liurch ; a pul)lic school, with snenty pupils; two 
saw-nulls, ( ijie steam and on;; water; and tw.) brickyards^ 
Its chief attractions are th( f'-r';ili'y of the soil and the 
haiulsotue faiins bv wliich it is surro\inded. its fin*- ele- 
vated situation near tiie banlc- of the beautiful !Manas- 
(pian, audi its who!; si.nie air. 

The M. K. { liurch at this plac ■ \sas dedicated -laii- 
iiary ilO. ]S7o, B -vs (i,au aul S ik^-s olli -iating. 

A posr-ol'tice was e^^tabl:s[J -d at iierb.-rtsville in 
Auuusl, ISM. 



,{„.(.. „i K, 



266 HISTORY OF MONMOVTH A\D OCEAN COUNTIES. 

BAPTISTS IN BiaCK T0\\ XSIIIP. 

The Baptist Century Book says that " the Baptist 
Church of Squan and Dover" was recei^ed into the ]>a}>- 
tist Association in October, 1805, and the same year 
Samuel Haven was a delegate, and the society had thirty- 
eight members. In 1807 Samuel Haven was again a 
delegate, and the cliurch reported forty-five members. , 

The Orient Baptist Clinrch was built in 1857, at a 
cost of 81,500. Its size was 26 by 35 feet. 

FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH OF KETTLE CltEEK. 

The certificate of iucorpoi-ation of the First Baptist 
Church at Kettle Creek, in Brick township, recorded 
May 8, 1855, states that the following trustees were 
elected at a meeting held January 20, 1855 : Cornelius 
Strickland, Peter W. Havens, Isaac Osboin, Lewis .lohn- 
son, William Dowdney. 

BETHEL M. E. CHURCH. 

The Metliodist Episco}ial Cliurch at Bethel (Ij;ike- 
wood charge) had dedicatory services November 30 and 
December 1, 1807. Rev. E. H. Stokes, tlie pastor, Bev. 
S. H. Asay and otliers participated. 

CEDAR BRIDGE M.. E. CHUJ.'CH — BRJCK TOWNSHIP. 

The trustees of this church, named i)i the certiiicate of 
incorporation ^Larch 1-i. 1851, were David C. WooUey, 
William M. AYooHey, John C. AVarddl, ]]. H. Fielder, 
William Clayton, William Downey, Thomas Tilton. 

SiLVEltTOX M. E. CEIUIt.'EI. 

At ;i meeting held Jidv B>, b~^7;!, tiv(^ trust'H'S were 
elected. The pioceedings were signed i»y !Miles ]\[cdvel- 
vey, President ; ( 'ornelius Hawkins, Si.'cretary ; and llev. 
E. B. Lake, Witiie.-s, but trustees names are not given 
in the certiiicate. wljieh was illed July 21, bS7;). 

poix'i" i-ij;asant m. e. chuiu it. 
.-Vt a meeting of friends of this sucidx. <>f ^^•]lich 
Barton I'wiford was cliaiiniaii in 1S"»;'>, tlic fullowing jter- 
sons were elected ll■ustel^s: .foloi C. Curtis, Jolm 31. 



-Ull'U- ''I 'V ., 1 



EARLY SKTTT>Elt8. 267 

Eeyiiolds auil AVilliani L. Cliralwick. The certificate was 
filed February 19, lS5r3. Auotlier certificate of incorpo- 
ration was dated October 2^. 1870, wlucb states that at a 
meeting hehl Se})teuil)er 18, 1870, the following p,ersons 
were elected trustees: Thompson B. Pearce, William H. 
Bennetts, James Loveland, William P. Stout, William B. 
Pearce. A new church wiis dedicated August 13, 187G. 

I'OIN'J' PI.F.ASAXJ' riiESliVTEPJAN CHUItCH. 

This church was com])leted in Fel>ruary, 1883, and 
first services held the 11th of the same month. The 
.society was incorporated Xov. 11, 1882, and the corpora- 
tors were Charles E. Knox, Julius l^'oster, Fredf^rick M. 
Trask, Kichard C. Marley and A. V. D. Sdienck. Bev. 
Samuel T. Lum was })astor 188(1-7. 

\ liAPTlSTS AT J'OINT I'LEASWT. 

In July, 1887, the r»oruugli Hall was tendered to the 
Baptists, by the Mayor, for religious purposes. These 
were conducted by Ivev. Mi'. A^ dkinson. 

ST. MAiiY m; riiK ska i: i:. chukcfi. 
The Pri)testant Episcopal Church at Poini Pleasant, 
" St. Mary l>y the Sea," was contracted for April 24, 1880, 
and July Jth the buihliiig v,-;is iiuished ;aid services held 
in it. Services wer*' ccnducted by Rev. Dr. Hills. The 
church was dedicated August 4, 1881. by Bishop Scar- 
borough. 

EABLY SETTLEUS CBEATIOX OF TO^>'NSHIPS. 

ET(\ 



r.r-icK •Tov;x.-,i[ii'. 
The townshlj) C'f P>rick was oi-igiually est;iblished in 
the same act creating tlu- County of ( )cea]i, approved 
]'%4)ruai-\' 1'), ]8."'.!L Its bor.nds wcjt thus <lescribi'd: 

So much of the towjiship t>f Uovcr us lifs north <>f ,i 
line rriuning cast fjom ;i point v.]i«ic the line b( twccn 
the to\vnshi)iS of -Tackscm nnd Ibnvtdl iiicct the i.'ovcr 
township linr-; thence a straight line to I'olhenuis" mills, 



208 JIISTOKY or MON\[()l'TJI AM) OCEAN CdUNTIES. 

ou the souili braiioli of Kottlo rreck ; thence aloiioj said 
creek to t]ie 1>ay ; tlicucc across the ha\ to the s(\-i, ami 
all those parts of the t<r,\ nsjiijis <ii' Howell and J^ovcr 
iuclnded in tlu- follov.-in,<^; honnilarits, vi/.: Be^iuuinL!; at 
Mauasquan iidet and month of Manas(|nan river; thence 
u]) the middle of said river to the hist l>ridi!;e over the 
same; thence westerlv to .i corner o)i tlie south side of 
said river, near the old !iridM-(^; thence a south-westerly 
course till it strikes the road leading- to Jacksons mills; 
thence along" said road till it meets tli<> line hetween 
Jackson and Howell to\vn^,hi|)s ; thence along said line 
to the DovtM' townshi}) line ; thence a straight line to 
Pohlhemus" mills, on the soutl) hranch of Kettle creek; 
thence rdoiig said creek, tli' sevi-ral courses thereof, to 
the hay; thence across the hav to tlie sea; thence along 
the sea to the place of heginniug. 

The first town meeting of the inhahitauts of the 
township of Jjrick was 1>_\ the ahovt- act direeti-d to he 
held at thti h:)use of Kichard ]3urr. Burrsville, on the 
second Tuesday in March, IS.")!). 

OCEAN ToWNSHIi'. 

The act estahlishing the township of ( )eean was 
appr(ived A})ril 1/), Isji), and thus dehne's its hounds: 

All that part of the tiiwnshi])s (;f luion and Lac^'V, 
in the county of (^cean. l\inu within the following 
boundaries, that is to s;iy : beginning at the sea and 
running, lirst, nortli sixtv-scxeii and a half degrees west 
to the mouth of Litth' Hoise Neck Cre^k. known as the 
north fork of l.oehiel Inaiu-h; thc-nc.'. s;^co]id. westerl}' 
up said lirancli to the liridue on tl:^- imiin si'ore road 
leading from ]>ai-negat to W'aretown; them-,-, thiid. north 
tifty-seven degrees west to the noitii side of the ][e/ekiah 
Sopf)- old housf standing on the we.^t m-!v side of the old 
nnun road; tivMic-. fourth. m>rlh .-exeniN-i-igiit degrees 
"^Vest to the PaiicoMst i-o-ei; tiieue,-. lU'ii, wc'Stei'iy aloUg 
said Panc.);ist ro;,.l to a >tom' on thf nortli sid- >>( s.-dil 
I'oatl on tin- e;;-,t iin- of a tract of land eontaini nu': .iliout 
"lie hundre.l and s 'V.-n! \-tiv,' aci'.'S now htdoiiuiii'.:, to 



/I ! .: ■ . r .:)J' 



-.h.h. -.u. .11 , 



lij !>■> -.ill . ,,:'iliU •• 



EARLY SETTT.EUS. '1C)0 

Samuel Birdsall, said stone bejji^- twenty-one chains 
easterly from Avliere the middle of the l>aniegat strai<4'ht. 
road to CVdav J>ridi;(' crosses said Pancoast road ; thence, 
sixth, north sixtv-scvcn ami a half dt^u'recs ^vest to a 
point where the road leadini;- from Millvilie to the 
Barnegat and Cedar Bridge straight road intei'sccts said 
line; thence, seventli, northerly to a point where the 
Jones road crosses the Wells Mills road; thence north- 
westerly on or along said .JoncN road to the south line ol' 
Lacev township; thcmu", eighth, easterly along the 
southerly line of said Lacey township to the niotdh of 
oyster creek; thence, ninth, south seventy-seven degrees, 
forty-live minides east to th<' s-^a ; thence, tenth, along 
the edge of the sea, o-ossing Baj'iiegat inlet to the hegiu- 
ning. 

S'J'Al Fom) TOWNSHU'. 

Statlord v.as set otV f I'om riie lov>-er v>art of old Slu'ev/s- 
bury township in 11 V. I Tin patent c'reating the town- 
ship was issued in the reign o!' (reorge II.,, atnl is now 
preserved in the office of the (-oiuitv Clerk at Toms IlivtM'. 
It is the oldest ])ul)lic olHcial d >cunient r<^lating to the 
present connt\- of Ocean. It is on [>arelinn^nt with the 
great seal of the Province of Aew Jersey affixed. The 
following is a c<)pv o'l 

The PitirDf of Sijirl'i,i-'J y'v""/;y///y^ ( >'-rirn. (Jnt, n1 (J : 
George the Second 'ov the Cirace of Cto.I of Creal Brit- 
ain, Fi'am-e and Ireiaml, Jving JJefeiuler of the I'aith, iVc. 
TO ALL to wliom these presents shall co!ue ( riiEKTLN:; KxoW 
YE that \ve of orir ''Sliecial Ci-a.ce c-ertain kiiowLed;4'e a:id 
meei- motion ]l\\l(o'v(mi and (i ranted and by tin-se I'les- 
ejits i.i(> (,iive and (iraut for us oui' Heirs ii nd Successors to 
the luhal'itants of th(- South v. e-^tfra part of the Town- 
ship of Shrewsbur\' iji luir 'e'ouutv of },[onnnaiih lu oar 
J')(>\iiice ot Xi-">v Ji'rsc\- A\"ithiu tlu^ following b,)Uiid- 
aries I to wit) Biv.ixxiX'; a' ()1;1 ihn'n-uat inl.'t and froui 
the North Ih.nl of th.' B.'a<-h lyiii- t.. tJi • Soiilhward of 
the said Fiilu, running oviu' tii;- J'»ay Nortli forty-six de- 
U'rees \\'"st !i\e Mih'S aaii t iiirt\ -se\ en chains to liie 



Ill' ,' /•• r I 'I I" 1 » /. 1 ■ 



270 IIISTOIiY or MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

Mouth of Oyster Creek aiul then West Eleven Miles and 
Seventy chains to Pine tree in the Soutli West plain in 
the Old pai-tition line of East and A\''est Jersey formerly 
run hy Georjj;e Keith tlienee bounded hy the said (^Id Di- 
vision line Soiitli Nineteen degrees East Nineteen Miles 
and Sixty Chains to the south Statiouary Point of Di- 
vision between East and AVest Jersey at the Main Sea 
North Easterly to the place of J>eginning according to 
the phm liereunto annexed to be and remain a Perpetual 
Township and Community in Word and in Deed to be 
called and known by the name of the Township of Staf- 
ford. And we further Grant to thr^ said Inhaldtauts of the 
Townshi]) ai(»resaid and their Successors to choose an- 
nually two Ctnnmissioners of the High Ways, one Over- 
seer of the High Ways, one Overseer of the Poor, one 
Assessor, one Toavii Collector, and one Constable for the 
Town afoi-esaid and to have hold and Enjoy all other 
Privileges Rights Eiberties ami Immunities that any 
other Township in oar said Froviju-e do or may of riglit 
Enjoy. And the said Itdiabit.-aits are hereby Constituted 
and a])})ointed a towii^^lii]) l»y the Name aforesaid. To 
HAVE HOED AND EN.ioV thi' Privilf-gos aforesaid to thmji In 
Testimony wh'^reof we have causpd th^se our Letters to 
be made patent and the Great Se;il of mir Province of 
New J ersev to V)e hereunto aiiixed. AAriNEss our Trusty 
aud wt-U bc'loved JoXA'j HAN JjVajUVAI Es^)!; : our CLi])taiii 
General and Governor in ciiief in and over our Province 
of Nova Ca'sarea or New Jersey and Tt-rritinics thereoji 
depending in Anierira, Chancclloi- aud A ii-.' Admiral m 
the Same Ac. at DurlingUm tlu' rhird 'l.i.y of A[;ii-c]i in the 
twenty third year of r,ur Jh-luii A. D. MDCCXLIX. 

"Tim Plan aniitxcd "' is on pap:'r. and has bnt a 
fragmeni left. It bi-gins with tin- words: "The Pounds 
of Stafford Township in ?>l(>nm'. mth cnunty. and ^nds with 
tlie date February. 10 17 l'.»-wi». It is in a dilln-ent haml 
writing. The I'anMit i> on parch)ri:'nt. and the .-hiro- 
glapliy is beautiful. 

The (uidorsemcnt on^thc back reads: '-Let the Great 
Seal ff jlic I'l'ovincc <>f N(MV .b-rscv be liei'cunto athxed. 



i. u. -.J ••) 



III I'lH-- •••!} -•• 



'«<fr| /(«!( I'l -111 > "•. . I . --: i-l ,( > 



7i:jit I' . I >\} ■.-■•w: /■ 



nr/:" • ;<>'j 



; j-ii :T t;i" --•'•• '( 'f !■ '/'Mr 



EARI,Y SETTLEIIS. 271 

To the Secretary of tlie Province of New Jersey. 

J. iielclier. 

"Recorded in the Secretary's Office in Burlin<.i;i()u in 
Lib. A X A. of Commissions fol. 305 <kc. J. Read, Re^a-. 

The name Staft'ord w;is probably given through tlie 
influence of James Haywood, as the Haywood family was 
an ancient family of Stairordshire in England. 

Benjamin Paul was born at Deghton. Mass., and de- 
scended from William Paul, wlio came frcmi England in 
1635. Luke Coui-tenay, it is said, was born in England 
and came to this country just before tlie Revolution. 

During the war (i}i Deceniber, 17S0, > a shocking ca- 
lamity occurred at Mauahawkiii, by which several lives 
Avere lost. A dwelliughouse owned by William Pidgeon. 
on what was once kn(5\vn as the Haswood place, t>>ok tire 
and l)urned d'nvu. Captain Isaac Andrews lived in the 
house. His two daughters, one white liiredman and two 
colored men were burned to death, so ra]ud was the lii'e, 
occasioned by a higli win!. Six persons in the h<.)use 
managed to escape, Ijut without a}/})arel. Mr. Pidgeon 
at the time was ill in tlu' house, and got somewhat hiinie«l, 
but leaped out of a second-story window and was then 
taken to a heighlioring hcmse ; he was taken worse from 
excitement, and caught cold that night, having been re- 
moved in his shirt, and diid a few days after. 

James Haywovul, s;iid to lie from near Coventry, 
England, bought land in StiitiVird in 1743, and is frequent- 
ly named subse([uently in 'h-eds, and. he also was tlie 
chief man in Iniildin^- the old cliurch, originally a f]"ee 
church, but svil)set[uent}y known as the Baptist church. 
Thomas, George and A\'illiaui Haywood are named 1)e- 
tween 17t^)'J and 1770 and subse'pientlv Jvcubcn, j'hoijias 
and Job jiandoljih. Nathan an<l Setli (^'rane, Louis Pang- 
born, Lidce CiHirlenay, David and Thomas Johnson, Ijen- 
jaiiii)! P.Pearsou, Bonjainin Paul r.nd Zachariah Sourhard 
. we)'tj settled here ]tre'.-iou> (o tlie l''.'\oliatioii. andboi';'an 
h(>n(jral)le share in that w ar. 'J'lie Pandoijijis jn'oba.lilv 
cane:' from Middlesex, and Cranes, l^.inglnjrn and l/ear- 
son from Essex. 



272 IIISTOKY OF MOX.MGl Til AM) OCEAN COUVriES. 

The late AVilliani Auinack, who long- lived at Cedar 
Creek, Ijviilt, altont tit'tj years H'^o, the old stf;reliouse .-it 
Manahawkiii, in tlie up;)?r p.irt of tli-' villa.;'': h" was 
father of JdIih Auina<.'k. Jiow of T(iiq< liirer, lilx-SheritV 
B. F. Aiiiiiaek aiid Elijah and other elnldreu, and he sat 
up some of his sohs in ltusi)iess here, and they, carried 
on an exti'nsive business for a number of years in mer- 
chandise, chareoal, etc. After them Henry (_'., and Hor- 
ton Giilick had tin"* stauiL Aniouu; tlbur sueivssors in the 
same stand were Ilandolph A" Ablx.tt. Allen iV Son. 
Joshua S. Lawson, (diaries ?d. Sloan, S])ra_i;'ue A Oli- 
phant. Alfred IJrown. I. Al. Iiinian, Leuis B. Peekworth 
and Peckwortli A Pros., vdio iii PSSO, sold to Charles H. 
Cranmer. 

Manahawkin seems to have l)een one of the earliest 
settled places ivi Ocean ctjunty. The name is said to l)e 
from Indian w<)rd> signifying good laiul or good la'nd for 
corn. The nanu} was anciently vv'ritten ^NLannahocking 
and Manahocking. 

Among early ^.dtlers was Xicholas I^rown, who died 
about til H begiriniiiu of 1 72d. He came from Puriingiou 
aud was the son of Abr.iiiam Brown, who came to that 
county from ^[ounumth and was of Pihoile Island origin. 
Nicholas Brown had wilr- Elizal);dh. and sons Abr.diam 
and Joseph aiid dauLi;]iters. 

EAGLi;s\\ 0(.)!i TOWNSHIP. 

The act creating this township was appr'^ed ^Ma.rch 
17, 1S74. The boun-ls of tlie townshi]) are thus s<?t 
forth : 

All that part of the township of Staltord contained 
within the iollovv-iug l)ounds: Pe-ginning at a stone in 
the main liighwav leading Iron. ^Vest Creek to Manna- 
hawkin, iri a north-easterly direction om^ liundred and 
ninety-five chains and forr\' links from the nuddle of 
West Creek mill .-^trt^am : then-.a- lams, tirsr, noi'th forty- 
five degrees w*'s[, l)v a straight lini' to the J>urlinLdon 
and Occiin countv line ; thence, sectnid, bou[ided by and 
follou-iu<r the said lint^ between liu;lini;ton and Ocean 



EAKI.Y SKlTl,i:i;s. •_'(.; 

counties, ill u soatli-pusttnly diicftidii t" tlio Atlanti'- 
Oreaii, uuil tln'iu-c i'uiiiiiiil>: in a nortli-tMst'M-h- (lirHeti<'ii 
to ;i, point soalli-t?:i.st tVnui tin- ])hu-(^ of l)0!4inn!ii,u;. 

The tirst town nieetinu' in l^a;^les\voo<l was tixt-il to be 
lield at tin- ]K)iise of (leor-^f: Coiskt^l, V\'.,\st ("leek, on the 
seconil Tnt'sihi\' in Aj)iiL LST-h 

West Cret'ic v,as one of the *^arliest, if ii(»t the 
earliest settled |)hi<-es in th(> ]>resent t-<nin1y of Ocean. 
The name was aneicntiv j^iv( n as A\ est«'eonlc or Weste- 
cunk, an Indian name, ])rolia1)ly si^nifyinu '" a ydace to 
got meat or eatables,' and indicating!; that this was a 
jilace oi reso.rr for ovstcrs, iish, chuns. eti-. Ainon<i; tin- 
lirst settlers at V> est i'reek \\a.-. (ier-.as I'harc^ son of 
James and Ann, hoiii in Line olnshire, h!ni;iand, o mo. 15, 
1G75. He came to this country ^.vith his |iai-i>nts in the 
ship Shields, iu ]!]7S. His f;ithej' di(;d in liJSS, when he 
was e)nly 13 jn-.irs old. He was left, hv his father's will, 
two or three tracts (;f land, one of which, in Spriugheld, 
was the c»ne on v\diich his [lai'e-nts resided. In 170(3 he 
sold this to liis hrotii. r-iii-luw, Jiiidiard llhl^way iM, anil 
not Joul.;; after moved to Wt-st Crepk. In I7<t] he married 
at Hempstead. I.. I.. Idi/alM-th Willett^ dauuhtor of 
H(jpe and ]\fary. of that ])l;i<-r. The same year liichanl 
Pvidirway, '2d. married Mary W'illctts. a.nother dau*i;htei- 
of Ho})e and iMar\', who are d,,--crilH'd then as .jf Jerusa- 
lem L, I.. (iervas I^haro died in 17.'3'>. leaving an onlv 
son named .laines, fiijm whom descend the I*haros ••)! 
Little Iv^'4' Harbor ;ind Ocean county. iMtMidoers of the 
^Yilletts, or '\\ illis and Cianmer families were alsoamoni;- 
early settlers. 

LACKV TOWNSHIP OKN'KIJ.VL .TOU.V nACiOY. 

Lacey tov.iislii]i derives its name from (if'iieral Jol-n 
Ijacey, who, in tlu' Summei' .uid Fail of l"-'!)'.', built at 
Feri'a;^o the tii-,-,t f < u\L'"e and als(j dwelliii;Li' houses, barns, 
stables, etc., there; and bcu^ht lar^e traits of laud in 
that vieinity. In I'^lO he appliei] foi- autlioiity to have a 
road laid out from Forked lliver Landim: to Ferra^'o and. 
thenr(» on to Hanover Furnaee. In Sejiti inbei', ISKi, the 



» J ; - .-M I. 



'!(». I'tC// 



1" Ml 



274 HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

Supreme Conit aii])ointe(l as Coinniissioners three meii 
from Bvirliii^rtoji county and three from Monmouth. From 
Burlington, tlie men ai^ixnuted were Eli ?vlathis, Daniel 
(Matliis?) and John Irick ; from Monmouth, John Hay- 
wood, James Edwards and Abraham Woolley. Tlie re- 
turn was dated October 13, ISIO. The length from 
Forked River Landing to south end of the dam at Ferrago 
was eight and one (Quarter miles, less three chains ; four 
I'ods wide from Hanover to Forked River landing. 

This road, the v.ell known "I^acey road," was run 
out by John Black, at one time President of the Mount 
Holly Bank, who, when a j'oung man, followed surveying. 

In ITiO tliere was a landing on t)ie north branch of 
Forked Biver and a cart-way from swamp to the landing 
is named in a survey of that year. 

Eobert Hulett and Moses 3Iay had dv.ellings near 
Goodluck l>etween 1740 and IToO; there was at this time 
at Forked Iiiver, a bridge over north branch and also 
an "upper bi'idge.'" A LieAv causway was also then built. 
In 17-18 James Holmes 1 'ought 70 acres C)f land near 
Robert Hulett's liouse. 

Samuel Worden, or A\ avden, as it was recorded, liad 
sadt works at Forked Riv^r in 17~)1. Between 1750 and 
17G0 Peter P(\sliin(' had dwelling on north liranch, and 
John Towson (jr To/(n", in ]7oO, had dwelling bet\\een 
south V)r;!.ich and Oyster Creek; about the same time 
John Bird lived between Forked River and CT(K)dluck. 
In 1770 Benjamin Allison lived l)etween middle and 
south brandies of I'orked ]»iver. James Mills took up 
land near bridge on north Inanch. 17S0-'.)0, am] ha'l a pub- 
lic house on the site ot the piX'sent Lafa\ette House, 
•lohn A\'innow or \\ inner at same time had dwelling be- 
iv\r'cn north ami middle blanches, west of main road, on 
tlie place owned in late years by Daniel ('hanil)erlain, 

ileceased. 

Tliomas Parkei and Fi'ancis Letts together l)onght 
land on Cedar ( j-eek in 170.!; and Tliomas I'arkr-r 
bouuhr. in bSO.";, fifty aeres i)etwe(n norlli and mid. lie 
blanches. About this time his son Ant lionv settled .at 



F,Ai;iA' SKlTI.!:i;S, etc. Z(.) 

Forked llivci-. iit-av wln^rc tlu' Iiiversido hotel now is. 

At ("edar ("reek. aiiioiiL'' ]>^'rsoiis wli<> early touk up 
laud were (ial>ricl au<l J)a\id A^ ooditiansee, son.- of 
Thomas. David owiu.mI tlie Jud^e IV I. ('. lv'>L;ors iilace. 
They were settled li»'re at least as early as 171*0. I)a\id"s 
sons, Samnel, James and rtal)riLd, settled between Stout's 
Creek and lu^rth bramdi of Forked liiver. 

Thomas i*otter. Sr., -lud his son, Tliom;is P(jtt(^r, the 
frieud of lie v. Jolin Aliuray, were settlers at Goodluek 
about ITOO. 

Johii Holmes, ealh'd "'the Elde)'," took u|) laud near 
the U|>}/er IMill. Torkeil Uivcr, 17o0 and T;!) ; and another 
John Holmes, who niariied Catharine Brown in 17'Ji, 
lived at the mill Ixd'ore and durini;- the lievolutio].:. 
Samuel lJ)'owji. brotlu^r of John Holnu's" wife, had a 
place oil south hraneh of I'orked liiver. After the war 
he moved to Man.nahawkin. 

Caleb Talkinbur^- took u}) laud in LS'Oo between 
Forked liiver and Sttnits Creek. His house was on the 
j)hice owued by the lat<? Ca]»tain Joseph llolnus. 

The tirst settlers of Larey generally located so-me 
distance east of the main sh(.)re road, and not fai- from 
where the u])hinds join the meadows. Their dwellings 
iji this vicinity we^'e generally situated about in a line 
from the old Ca]itain Benjamin Stout farm, east of (.ood- 
luek Church, across Stout's (.'reek,l)y the -loseph Hc'iJiies 
and Jaraes Joiies places, and thence to the south sid-- of 
Forked PaAcr, by tin- old James ( 'hamberlain o]- I!/ -'liel 
Lewis place, and Jantes Anderson's; then across O -if-r 
Creek, by the old ('amburn Inunestead. And the o) iu'ijjul 
main rout*? of travel along here a])pears r(» have be. i; In' 
these ])laces. Then the little north br.'.neh of i'orkevl 
liiver, no\'. known as Fridge Creek, ha-1 a lu'idge ov-j- it, 
a.nd there was a ferr\- across Forked Fiver, nearly o;.])o- 
site the old AWdls swani}., at the place still called •• Tlie 
Ferry" by old residents. 

A c-entuiy ago, the most noted residents apjjc;:..'- to 
have been : l)a\id Woodmansee, who liv.^i on the s!ace 
r.ow owjied l>v .ln*hre 1). 1. C. llotrers : Thomas J-*- r.-ri-, 



276 KISTOPY OF MON.MOUJII AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

who lived on tlie farm east of CiooJluek Cliureli; Sanrael, 
James and (xabriel AVoodmansee, sous of David, \vho 
lived on tlie James Jones and Josejdi Holmes farms; 
Samuel Blown, who lived on the old Wriji;ht place on 
south lu'aneh of Forked Eiver; and John Holmes, \vho 
lived at the up])er mill. Forked Biver. 

Eev. John Pri<'e, who A^^•ls made Major after tiie war, 
moved to (Toodhick two or three years before the war 
ended. There was a tavern at (xoodluek before the WiU', 
and one just over (^edar ( 'retdc during- ^hc war. 

The act establishini;- tin' township of Lacey was 
approved March 2^), 1S71. ami its l)oiinds are thus de- 
scribed : 

" All that ]M\vt of the townships of Union and Dover, 

in the coiinty of Ocean, cont.-iineil vs"ithin the following- 

])oundaries. that is to say: .Beuiinninji; at a point in the 

line between tlie counties of Ocean and Burlin>.;ton wln.'i'e 

tlie southerly and easterly line of Man.chester township 

meets the same ; thence, first, alou^- said towjiship line 

in a north-easterly direction to a point where the road 

from Giberson's mill to Dover Forp;e crosses said town- 

shi]) line ; thence, second, easterly alouj^ suid road to 

Dover Forge; thence, tl'.ird. south-easterlv alon<;- Ciuise's 

road, by Dover For^•e ]>ond. to the middle of Cedar C'retdc; 

thence, fourth, alon'j; trie middle of ('edar Creek to its 

junction with Bai-ne^at ]*.ay; tlience, iil'tli, on a course 

due east t*- the Atlantic Ocean ; thence, sixth, soutluM-lv 

along said Atlantie ()eean to tlip north side of Barnegat 

Inlet; thence, seventh, on a course westerlv to the moutii 

of Oyster Creek; thence, eighth, westerly ;dong said 

Oyster ('reek to where the road from AVa.reto\vu to tlie 

head of Factory or south braiu'h of Cedar Creek, knov.n 

as Stout's Bioad, crosses the same ; thence, nintli, westerly 

in a straight line to the hercl of said Factorv brancdi, on 

the divisioii line iietwt^en Dover aial Union tov,i(Shi})s ; 

tlieiice, tenth, soutli-westevlv along said division line to 

the countv line of Burlington a!id ( >i-ean ; thence, eleventli, 

* .' . 

along said line ji()rth-\vesierl_\ to the place of begin- 

nin«r." 



EAKLY SETTLF.RS, ICTC. 277 

The first tovru Dieeting was appointed to be held at 
the lioiise of Martin Hall, at Forked lUver, on the second 
Tuesday in A])ril, 1871. 

FElinA(iO-r.AMJ:iEii. 

Ferrago came into possession of lleuben Eockwell, a 
native of Vermont, wJio came to Avhat is now Ocean 
county about 1813. ]N[v. liockwell was informed that 
the milldam was unnsn;dly costly, as near slO,0()0 was 
expended on it. 

The ore in tlie ]>lace had some years l^efore been 
exhausted, and Mr. liockwell and Joseph Austin, who 
was connected with liim, procured ore from up the Xorth 
liiver, probably near Fishkill. 

William Hurry, of New York, became owner of the 
Ferrago tract, which, witli other lands bought by him, 
composed about 10,000 acres owned liy him. He named 
the place Bamber, in remembrance of ])r. John Bamber, 
of Barking, in Essex county, England, from whom his 
mother was descended. 

Ferrago forge was built in the Snmmer and Fall of 
1809 by General J(din Lacey, who, about the same timc^ 
erected dwelling, barns, etc. It is said that Lacey also 
owned an interest in Hanover Furnace. He wished to 
establish a road from Hanover Furnace. l)y Ferragc^. to 
Forkf^d River landing, and as it would run through two 
counties, lie had to a}>ply to the Supreme Court to have 
comcnissioners appointed to lay out the I'oad, which was 
done September 10, 181(1. The commissioners made 
their return October 13, 1810. The road was to l^e four 
rods wide froin Hanover Furnace to Forked River 
lauding. 

The name Ferrago is from the Latin word ferr^irn, 
iron. 

MANCHESTER ToWXSIIIP. 

The act creating the To\\iishi]) of ^Manchester was 
approved A})ril (i, 18(»."), and it thus defines its bouiids: 

All that p(U-ti'.;n of the 'j'ownship of l^over, in the 
county of Ocean, lying and bciiig within the boundaries 



ii;-i I I ' •!' 



278 HisToi;v or .monm()T"J}i and ()(-v..\y. corNTiKs. 

as follows : ]*M'L;uniiii;j; in tlu' uiidiUe of tlio rlia'.iiiel of tiic 
north or iiiiiiu l>i-;uu-li ot Toms Itiver, at tlu' soutliHvl\' 
bouudarv of thf towusliip of -L-u-kson, un.l ruiiiiin^ lliciice 
down tlie iiiiMillc (if tlii' cliaunei of said Itraiirli to where 
it UJiitc'S \\\[\] llid-way hrandi. Theiiec to a stako in 
the niaiu sta^e rtjad from Toms lli\er to the villaii,t^ of 
Mancliester. Avhicli .-^tak^' is rlie dividini;- line ll('t^\"eeu 
Inuds of A. P. Stanton ami the kinds of Jann^s Jj)'ov n, and 
riinniiig thom-i^ in .i straiglit line to a point on the line 
between Iiurlin__;;ton and Ocean e<nuities, (listan( e two 
miles easterly from the ctMitre of the track f>f the Dela- 
"wai-e and Ilaritan raili'oad ; thence north-westerly aloiiL; 
the di\ idmu,- line tr) the sonth-eastc-rly line of Plumsted 
tov.'ushi}). Theuce alonu'; the sontli-easterlv line of ]>lujn- 
sied and Jackson townships to the place of beginning-. 

The fi)'st town nieetin;,;; \\as desinnateil to be held at 
the Innise of Liidi^wav Ta\ lor in Mancdicst'.n-. 

Solomon and Job Piidnway bought land on Avest side 
of north V)ranch of Toms Iviver, four miles aV)ove Schenck's 
uiilk in. 17G"2, ;ind other tracts at ilifl' rend times. liidg- 
Ava3''s sawnull is fre.|nently named IT'.'i) to ISOI). 

Eidgway's sawnjill appears to have originally been 
l)uilt by James Hepburn ami Stephen l\-ingl)orn bi^fore 
1751, as surveys speak of Hep'oui'n iV: r'angi)orn's mill, 
now Enlgv,ay"s. 

A^aninuiies new saumnll is name(l 17T.); in 17-">') Mat. 
Yanhorne's sawmill ])lact^ and \ nnln>rne"s hi'ook are 
named. Mat. Vanhornes bridge over T)avenport is luimed 
17CU. In 17'Jo Tice N'anhorues brraudi, Tice A'anhorne's 
and Tice Nanhome s (dd sawmill are liamed. 

Wlieathmd i.-, on the New Jer-^ey railroad, near the 
Burlirigton t-omuy line. 

.D(d)by j.datt piaee was a note*! hotel where the' road 
from the shore forics, one going to Hanover, another to 
New Jv^ypt and a, third to Collier's Mills. It is since 
known as Ijoyd's hotc I. 

Ferrago Station is on the \t-w J.n-sey Southern rail- 
road, and Oil the road from J-'errago or IJamber to Han- 
over. 



1 I') I I ' lil r:H\ 



. (l,(..(i J' ..) 



.1,1:' !• 



. .1 :,.' 



I 1 I 1 '(-.J I ■ _ ,..,,. r-t. -f' •■:'.<■■ ' '■•lU 



-'•■/•.ill ^ .! ■ . I iif ■' 'ft / 



/i.ii 



,»r^iii. ( 



EAIUA' SETTLE i;s, ETC. 



279 



Buekiugii.-iiji diM-ives its iimiuo from .lolm P>nckinu;- 
liaiii, a iiativt- of ('oinioeticut, wlio in earlv lifo settled in 
Eati)iito\vii, ^Moiiiiioatli coiintv, a!itlsMl)so(|Ut'nt]\' removtHl 
to the village of Manehester. j-'rom tlieiic:' lie luoved to 
the [)L-i(*o now known as ]5uc-kinu,hani, whtM <^ a sttrran saw- 
mill and two <)]■ three dwdlings jiad heen ]>n[ u]) wliich 
he purchased. 

The Pine [.and Im])rovtM!j(Mit (N»m]>anv. for im]n'ov- 
ing lands almi^ tht- radroad hetween ^lahi'hi'ster and 
Lakew(M)(l, wr.s iiieni'|Mii-;iti'd Deeemh'n' 'Jo. ISSil. The 
incOi])orators were .iDbn E. Howell. New ^crk : Chai'les 
C. Lathrop, Xi'wark ; Ciiarl.'S D. Morrow. Xi-wark; J. li. 
Mallory, New A'ork : John Ti)r)c\', Monnnjiuh Jjearh. 

The postolllfc at ^NCanVluster was e-^tal)lished in 
October, 1841. ;ind Hcniw L. l>ulkly was tl;e tirst })(>st- 
master. The next Avas Pt-ter D. Ivrndski-rn. appointed 
Septemhrn- oO, JShi. lie held the otHcc for a numl)er of 
A'ears. AA'iHiani 'J\*;thv was ])o.-,t)inistfi- ahvnt IS-lo-J:. 

Union sawmill, huilt hy or liL'forc 1 ('•")(>, was j)rol»a- 
hly at Mancjif'stcr, and from ic rniou hi-auch (hn'ived its 
name. 

The Picvolntion seemed to have thrown many saw- 
mills out of business, and this mill must l.ave sulVcred 
Avith others. 

A ci'ntnrv a^o 3[antdiester was known as Federal 
Forge, and t!en as I'edcral Fnruacc 

A forge was erected luu-e al;ont 17^-^'.'. it is sa!(h by 
David Wi-igiit and (';d.-b Iviiis. " The old J'cilcral House, 
which was built for tlic use of J)a\id AVrighbs toru>^," 
and "Ffdci-al C'omj)anv"s coaling Inuisc.'' an<l "David 
"Wright's coaling ground " are named in s'uveys betwe(Ui 
I7'.k') and bSOf). l'\Mh'ral furnace Avas Iniilt not long be- 
fore ISOO by John \\. Coilfrey. of lMdia(h>!] .hia. In L^Lj 
Federal furnace was o\vne,l liy (irillith -Jones and I. 
Hohnes. Jn sur\evs ls:;il and rliereabouts "Dov'r fur- 
nace, late Federal fui'nace,'" is nam<Mh iDovct forge was 
on (.'edar Creek, i 

In 17Gb in a survey to D. Knott on Hurricane, 
reference is made to •• the edue of the i.laee wiiere the 



\f 



280 HISTOin OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

Hurricane wind passes t]ir<)n;j;li the swamp." This 
seems to imply that it was thcm^ht Hurricane derived its 
name fn^m the liurrieane wimL 

'VHiTixi;. 

Xatlian C*. Whitinj^;, from wliom Wliitiai;- derives its 
name, came from Xew Haven, Conn., t(^ Oeeau county 
about 1S;">"2, and purdiasod :in extensive tract of wood 
land and eret-ted a s;c\v-mill, and enga^;ed in the luudier 
business. After about twentv years, he sold out his 
interest anil returiie<l to New Ha\'en., where he died April 
28, 1884. He was a son of ]>cac.,n Xatlian AVhiting, 
editor of the L'''''<J'"'>ls Inf< l!J<;ti(r,:r of New Haven. 

Phoniix T-\n'u;e, a sln)rt distance l)elow Fo(hn-al, was 
built by Jcnies iV AA'ood, and at first Avas called Lower 
Forge. It v.as buvn-'il down and rebuilt, jaid hent-e the 
name of Phd'jiix. 

Mr. Benjai)nn Snydci-. of Ijakewood, says that 
Samuel (>. A\'iig]it ouce owju-d Federal furnace, and 
after him came IJeniauiin J*. Howidl, and then his sons, 
Henry and Tjcwis Howeli, who pnt ui» another stack. 

AVilliam Torrey has an order sent by General A\ ash- 
ingtoii, in his own handwriting, to 'Six. "J'orrey's father, 
who was a C'olontd in l"he Jh'volution. and In.^ also has 
two swords which lieh-ngcd to his fatirr. Colonel Torrey 
was present at the executit.ii of ?.[aj or An<lre. 

Mrs. Torrev, wife of Y\ illi;ini Toii-cy, wben a little 
girl, sat at thi' bi'dside of Tom r.-iiue. His room she 
descrilx's as tlitlu'; a bariel for a table, a threedegged 
stool for a chair, ;i dilapidated bedstead, etc. He had 
on a red nightcap. 

EAYVir.l.E. 

The village of ] ).i \-vil](\ Ocean county, was formerly 
known as J^otter's I'j-eek. Tlir name was cliai;ged to 
Chaseford, iifter Hon. S. J'. ('base, Secretary of the 
Treasury. ]''rom this it was changed to Fayville. 

Among ancient settlers i)f this township was John 
Grant, Av ho was jiinoag tax})a\<rs 17<)t, andwho is tre- 
queiitly nanu'd in ai'cient ivcoids. .lolin a:id Joseph 
Tlalt wei-e also ta:\j)ayers ITCib 



i,r.,,„- "i., :, ,,.(1 



EAIIIA' SF.TTT.i:i;S, Eii'. 



281 



Tliouui.s Pott-r, i'iitlifr of the Thomas who was the 
frieiul of llev. JoJiu Muii-ay, boup;ht hind iii v.hat is now 
]3('rkeley in 11 m). ;uu1 at otlu'V times. 

John ^lA'illiams took u[) himl in the mitliUe of htst 
eentnrv and owni d sawmills, etc. 



TNIOX TOWNSHIl'. 

The townshi)) of I'nion was oiiLiinally estahlished Ity 
an aet apj-vovtM] Ftd^'naiv 7, l^-iii. entitled. "A]! Act to 
set oft'fr(i;n the tov.'ns];i])s of Statl'ord and Dover, in tlie 
eonnty of A[onnn)nth, a new townshi]) to i>e called the 
townshij) '>f I'nion. its hounihs Mere thus (h?sci'il^ed. : 

"Be^inni)!u at the sea, and rnnnint.;, tirst, a due west 
course to the soiitherN' point i)f Harvest I'oint ; thence 
north foitv-tive dej^-rees west, crossing' tin- hay to the 
main meadows: thence noi'th-easte; Iv alon^- the edi;"e of 
the same to the moulli of (Junnin-- liiver : thein-e n]i said 
river its \'ari()us cotir-^es (<> the nnmth i>f J'h'esh Creek; 
thence .ip said creek its \arious courses to the north line 
of a. tract of land kimwu as the Fiesh (_']-eek lot. now 
owned liy the heirs or devisees of Samuel (t. A\ri,i4'h't. de- 
ceased, and others; thence Avesterly aloni;; said line to tlui 
westei'ly end thereof; them-e north iifty-t\\'o decrees and 
fifty minutes west aloiiL'; a lin;' known as the Ot^-den line, 
to a stone, Ixdni; the secon.d corn.ei- of a tract of land 
kmnxn as th- ()L;den tracL stan lin^- on a course nc-rth 
ten decrees and twrntv-oiic minulis east, eiijjlit t-]niin< 
and seventy-hve links fiom a large stoue standim;- on 
Par's cahin know] : then.ce liorth- westerly to tlie north- 
west corner of a t)-act of land tJmt Jos-.pli W. Pliaro ])ur- 
chased o[ the executors of Sanmjd Pharo, deceased; 
tluuice north nft\' (h ^-riM's w.>s^ one hundred and ei^ht 
chains ano twimtv--^ev,-n links to a stone in the west line 
of Sonman's patent; thence north seventy deij;rees west 
to tin- ]*.urlln_;:on countv lliic ; tiieiu/t' up and aloui;' sai'i 
countv \'v\:' to in'-rs-'/u wilh a du" west course from the 
head of tlie maia >.oul]e-rl\- branch of ( 'e(har ("r.-ek. known 
as Fa;-l)r\ branch ; thence down an 1 alo:iL;' s;iid oran^di 
and i-ieek to the 1), IV ; thence a du:- east course to th:- 



• ■■ -l.ll lii 



'1- • /■•-( y^yv.: \ 



l''\ } .li. 



J.-*'' // .III. I. .)- -"i'; ;.ii;iiiMl I 



282 histoi;y of moxmouth and ocean rouNriEs. 



sea; tJioiice soiitlieih- aloii^' tJio od'^e of the same to the 

Tlu"" act was to 140 into er't'(H't 0.11 tljc st'coiul Tufsdav 
of Marili, ISK). 

TJiP tii'st auijiinl town nicotini;- of tlu' townsliip Avas 
ordereil l)y the aliovt^ act of tl;e Lc^islatiu-e to l>c In-ltl at 
the house of ]^)eniannn Predniorc, Warerown. on the day 
appointfMJ 1 ly hi Av for hokling annual toAvn uuM'tings in the 
other to',vnshi})s of tin- county of ^Monmouth, and after- 
AA^ards at such phtcc in tln^ t'^unsliip of I'liion as the 
inhabitants of said townsljip hliail (h'tt-Lininc-. 

As h^n,u' as the townsliip of Union prcscrvetl its 
original bounds the toAsn meetings were usually htdd at 
the same house. 

In 1871 Lacey was set ott" from ["niiai. Fn l87(' its 
bounds Avere i!Lj;ain IcsstMunl by tln> act creating tlie town- 
ship of Ocoan. 

BEJIKEEKY JOWNSHIl'. 

The act creatini^; the townsiii]' of . ]5crk(d"y was 
approved Marcli :jl, l^'^To, and its bounds are thus de- 
fined : 

"All tlnd part of the to-vnship of l!)oA-er, in the 
county of Ocean, contained A\itljin titc fiillowimj boun- 
daries, that is t<_) say : 

'■ I3e<;inning on tlie soutli-Avcst corner of the town- 
shi}) of Dover at a po'inc where the road from (liitirson s 
mill to Dover I'tU'gc crosses the easteib- lin ■ of tin- town- 
shi]) cji Manchester; tJi'-Mu-,-, jjrst. easterh' aicng said 
load to Dover Forge, said road bidii'^ tin- bouiuhiry line 
betweiwa the townshi[)S of Dover and T>acey ; tlience. 
second, sinitherb,' alonu' (iuise's road bv l)()\er I'^orge 
pond to the nii<ldh' of (/edar (,'reek ; thence, third, 
easterly alcmg the mnidh- of ( '--Mlar C'ri^ck to its jum-tiou 
with l>arn'-gat Ij.iy ; thence, fourth, on a course ilue ea^t 
to the Atiantii- < )cean ; the abo\e metis and bounds 
beiiig the di\ isioji iiih- Ix'twc h the i.ownslii))s oi Dover 
arid Laci>_\ ; thenc"', tlftii, nortln-rlx alonu' said Atlantic 
C)cfan to the soutli sidf of ohl Cranlicrrv inlet: tln^nce, 
sixth, oil a course WestciK to the middle of Toms lliver 



.-•.iiT i<( 



I) I,, vi.l'-' '--^ 



/' .1 i,i,.'!tt!i . .!■ 



<\. I!'-! M- 






nil- 



.' I I (M TM 



I 1-. 



•H V; I •) •Ml 1 1. . 1 .;. ii 



eaplLY settleiis, vac. 283 

at its juiK-rioii Avitli Jiaruo^-at l>ay : tli-Mico, seveiitli, 
Aveslt'ilv aloiio t!i(' niiddlt' nl' said Toms Jlivov aiid n\> the 
i]()i-tli ])vaiii-li til tl)( Toms jiiver and I\Jain-]ioste'r liail- 
road ; tlieue-o, ei^ditli, aloi);^- said ladlroad to tli<' cast 
division lino ITotween tl'i' townships of ])ovc!' and Man- 
cliestor ; tbeinv', ninth, southvily ,;lonL;" said divisi(>n lino 
to tlie phu-o of beginning." 

The name Bevkeloy \\ as srdecte<l for tlds township 
\)\ llie late Samnel H. Shi'cv*'. foniiiM-lv Survevor and 
Civil laiginf.'V of Toms liiver. 

John ]). Taiiur is said to havt^ ])Ui-(diast'd thf tract 
known as l)ai-n(\L;at Park, west of IkayviJlc, l^x'rlctdi-v 
township, in tlic Spring of k'^87. Tt ^^■as designed to liave 
lots sold to armv and nav\ ot'tii-t'is and their friends. 
About fifty lots hail bieii sohl iiy duly fidlowing. 

Thomas I'hicide, a well-];nov\n actor, resided in 
Berkelev, on south sidi^ of Torns Jiiver. not far from the 
Conntv Seat. He was of a fanuiy of actors, his fatlier, 
mother, brothci- and two ..,isters Ijaving followed that j-re)- 
fession. His biotiier had bcm a great snii'erer from a 
cancer, and he became a victim of the saini^ complaint, 
and it so preved on jiis miiHl tliat in a ht of des])eTation 
he took his life Jtdy "Jd, 1^77. He was I'd! years (jf age. 

^J'he oldest monument in lnn-k(dey is on the old 
Anderson ])l.eje, near ].)over ('ha])el. On it is inscribed: 
"Here lies the body of V\d!liam t'lieambn. He died ]_)e- 
cember 18, 17.3'.', agv-d oti years." The name C'heamlin 
was }irobabbr intended foj- Cliamberlain. 

^Jarv \\ I u'tli. living in i.lie soutliern jiai't of IJerlceley. 
reached tim adNanci'd age of IDC, yt-ars. Slie died ^larcdi 
5, 1873. 

SOl'Klfs LANl'IN',. 

The tirst S(-tthi' on the Soper jilace, IxMween Ware- 
town and I'iarneg.ii, accor.lini;' to the late .Ti^remiah 
S])ragg. an ag^'d ciri/''n of Uarm-gai. wa-; John l.'erl-'.ins, 
wdios(^ daiight(M- married Janus Spiagg, father of dere- 
nuah. ^J r. Peri^ins eame fr<un l'',ngland during the old 
Trench war and located ni'ar Soper ^^ lauding-, and siib>e- 
(»(. tinentU sold out to Josepli So] m'I', aucestiM- of the uumer- 



j-.r.M Ml) 



•'SI hist(u:y or :M('>;u()r'n[ and •"'(•!• ax countiks. 

ous Sdper f:imilies in this viriiiity ;iii.l t'lscwluMc The 
first bouse V)uilt on tlu^ Ix-.-u-h oi-positc to Wiirctown, 
ucconliu.L:: to Mr. Spia---. was l.y Tlioinas Jlo-crs. It 
was locat.nl neai the iiih't, nud in it live.] ih^-vis, and 
also Jjimes Sj.i-ag^-, fathrr of .I.'vtiniah : and (lurin-- the 
Kovolution tli(\v wituessiMl nwiny oxcitin-- scoirs. stu-li as 
shipwivcks of war and unMcdiant v.^ssols, and coiirests 
l)(.tw,"en the T.rili>h ai,:l Ainevicaiis in etfo-ts to oavture 
civws anil (-ir-o.'s. The tirst Soper in Xe\v -J.^rscv was 
TluMiias So]K_'r, wJio hnuled in West Jt-vsey m IfiTs The 
old niembi^is of this t;unily li;id ;) tradition that tliey 
were of Hu-u.^not descent. The Oc.N-m county Suocrs 
descend Iroiii H^-niy Soper, wiio s.dth'd at Huiitin-t -n, 
L. I., in ICC.;;. His sou Uichard <-.-an - to MiddhseK 
county, \. J., ;ind his son Joseidi <-auie to r,a.rn-,L;ut. 
MASONIC (■i:MF;r!:uv. r.AKN'XiAT. 
On Monday eveniii,.;-. danuaiy I'J, ]S.-)7,a ineolin^ was 
held at Temporanec Hail, at iJavn.-at. U-v i!:" purpose 
of foianini;- a J5arne-at :Masoni.- ('"nictcry i'^soc!atH«;i. 
C';iptaiii T. \V. Falkiid)Ui--- was chairman, and Janie.s 
IJodine secretary. Tho fodow in-' pi'rsons wri'c the 
original a^sociati-s: Charles i. l^i rick<. ui. TMin.thy >\ • 
Faildid)ur--, Jam. s ih.l.iu^on, dames i'.o Hue. .John ^^ . 
Dennett, Natlian S. (h annier, d< »se j/n H.. To^vn>e!ld. Ld- 
win Salter, Thomas hih^ards. Josepli And^^r-on, AieK- 
aiider S. Letts. Stepl;en Coukiin, Jan.es \\ . ( 'oHin>. Jr., 
Levi Cranne-r, Tliarle.-. Soper, William Jhriekson. 

The A>sociati(Ui was iueoriporaled under th(> act 
rclatin- to cene-teries j.assed hy tin- ! //-isla I nre in Is.")!.. 
The followin-- i)ersons were elected as truste.-s at 
the tiVst lueetm--: For on;' year. Ciiarles T. Krre/k-on. 
•lames K>.binsMn: two vears, T. Vv . k alkiul.ur-, Joseph 
Anderson; three vear:.^!anles JJodine, John W. n,-unett 
The annual n'leerin- wa. hxed for Januarv lo, l^^T. 

'MTi;!^ l;Uor!lK|;s 1. [VISION SONS ..I' Ti:Mla:i:AN<i;, NO. i<»J. 
];A!;NF.'iAT. 
The certilicat' of in-orp .radon of ties Division was 
"•'■^•"ided Marcli id, IS.likae.d si-n-d l.y Jod F. Fai.d.olph. 



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EAKTA' SET'lLKRS, KTC. 



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"\V. P., ;uul Gabliel M. IlilUJili. Fv. S. The Ind-e \v;is 
instituteil some time l)etV-ie this. pi()li,il)ly jiboiit l.si*). 
For a time tiiey iiehl theii' nu'etin^'s in an u[)per room or 
hall prepared for them. nn<\ also used for oilier imrposes. 
iu the Tejuperance House, kept l»y (iahri(d ^I. lumau. 

Bariiei^at Lod,u;e, KiiJu'lits of Pytliias, Xo. 71, was 
irioorpor.ited .lanviarv '10. 1^S~. Incorporators Ira S. 
Cranmer, Thomas ]>amford and Jose])h (). Elbertsou, 
trustees. 

Mariners" Lodj^e. Xo. I.IO. ]•'. A. ^1.. was ori^anized 
Fel_)raarv 7. 1881. It had Ihh n \\(n'kiuu under a dispen- 
sation gran.ted May ~), 1881). 

The Town Hall at liarneLjat was completed al^out 
■> January, 1871. 

The ^Masonic Cemetery containcMl 1-J7 burials up to 
July 4, 187-2. 

j;ri:i;sviLi.F.. 

The fori;'e at Burr.-.vi|]f was .^-tablisii;' 1 about !March, 
181^8, l)y John Lip[)i^ncott. Jt was sulistMpr.Mitly bouydit 
by Barzill.ii IJurr and John jiutcdit-)'. an<l was once 
known as Ijutchcrs forLjf. Ijiursxilh- dtMives its name 
from Barzillai Burr. 

In 1808 John Tap])iucott bought hind of Pco[U'iet(.)rs 
descril>ed as on "sr)uth side of ^letct^'cunk. near Indian 
sta!4e, ;ind near road from new bi-idi:;i' over ^Ictet-'cunk 
to Cedar ]:>ridL;c." Ib^ aUo bouj^liL sub>c(pu.Mitly, numer- 
ous tracts near ?ilet!'tiH-[i;iIc rixTr anJ Ki^tth- Cj'i'ek. 

The Bostollice at this [ilac- \va-> (.'.-vtMblishi^d about 
ISo'.'or '10, and called Metrtecunk. and so continvit'd down 
to about lss4, wle-n the P. ( ). l);-partmeiit changed it to 
Burrsville. B. H. Picldci' was the tlrst l^iistmastr-r ; 
amont;' his successors was Hon. A. ( ). S. Ha\ens, the sec- 
ond member of the .'\s>end)l\' from ()cean county. 

v.i:tktj:( UNK m. k. (•iiri;( fi. 
Tlie 'SI. E. churcii at this place was dedicated Decem- 
ber •_>'.), 1,S78. 

v.w nr.Ai). 
This i/lace liolds the l;e\- of the mainland at the 



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280 [IISTOIIY OF MONMcrTII A\D OCEAN COUNTIES. 

ii'ithonnost oxtroinity of Unniogat ]3;\y. On July 25, 
188.'), ,^roiiiid was brokon fur tlie erection of tlie otHee of 
tlie C'onij^any. At this tiim^ a nuniV)er of lots had beeu 
sold and several cotta^",-^ fciitvacted for. 

A Postofilce was cstal'lislied at ]>iy Hfad in the 
Summer otl8S2, Julius I'ostei', Postmaster. 

The Bav ITe;id ].aud Company was ineor]:)<)rated 
Se])teml)er (!, 1S7'.». (\a]ut;!l .-;12.i)!»0. Incorporators 
David H. :>[ouiit. Ilofky Hill, Edward Howe. Leavitt 
Howe and T\'illiam Harris, of I'rinceton. 

This (piickh' developi'd SumnKn' resoi't may 1)e said 
to have contriliutcd lar,u-"ly to the ci.irrent of jtripular fa- 
vor now hestowed upon this jioj'tion of Ocean county. Tt 
is situated at the liea<l of i'aiucuat Bay, from which it 
takes its name of "Bav Hrad."" There are al)out 280 
lots in this tract. .")()xl()!) fi-ct in size. Its present popula- 
ation is sevejitv-tive. The impr(jvements in 1882 com- 
prise 20 new cotta.ii;es. aud all the other im]')rovements in 
a rf'sort in tlu' pi'ocess of di-v(-lojnnent. A sea wall l;as 
liet'u ]»ut in. roads luiilt and L'l'.idfd, <V:c. Thi' pi'ospects 
for the futurr- iin^ flattt^riuL;', nl'^^' houses l.iein^ rajudly 
Imilt. ]>;iy Head .1 unction adjoins tliis tract a.nd cs.^n- 
fonus with its survey. 

MANTor.O'KINO. 

This l)pautiful prop(n-t\' lic^^ south of l^ay Head on 
the ]i"ninsula Ixacii. Iw.undi'tl on thc' east hy the .Vtlantic 
ocean, on the Avest bv Bai'ue^at Bav. ( 'onsideraV)le 
moi!(-\- liMs been laid ont in JMiprovcments of this tract, 
of which the ii^radinu- and comiih'tr layiuu' over of the 
entire lie.-ich v/ith hea^•^■ h-rtile inland soil mav l>e men- 
tioned. This tract was tirst Itrou^-ht int'i notice hy the 
\e\v Jersev S(M-Short^ Land and im]»ro\ement ( "om- 
]>any. undc'r the nnimiu'ement of Cajit. Joioi Arnold, of 
Boi);t l'lea>;int, whose eju-riiies awaken* (1 min-h intt.u'est 
in liehaif of the jilace. (^>uiti' a numl'erof tine cott^a^'es 
are alrea,l_\' u])ou it, and manv nniri' in (•onte'ni[)lation. 

SHAFSlEi:. 
'I'lie Ketth' ('r( ck ]>ost oHic<' was estaoli^^hcil ;d)out 
h^'ltor .") and ^Iar\ K-ll'/ was ]<ostmistress. 



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■. EAItLY SK'ni.KKS, ETC. 'iSY 

Kettle Crock was aiiciciitly known also as l'isliin>j,- 
Creek. 

JaiDcs Fiill(;rt( tn liad a j)ate]it for kind h^jj^iiiniiiM- 
at north cape of Kettle (U' i"'islii]i^- ('i\M'k an<l ])r. -lojiu 
Dalryniple had tract adj' •ininii'. 

Anions' [)ersoiis who took up land from the pro- 
prietors in its vicinity were .John ]''oi'nian 1742-5; William 
Brinley 174-_! ; JVjijamin Woolh-y 17(7: lliehard Stont 
17-17; J'^Dene/er Apph-gatc 17-j(); Alu-aham Selienck 1755; 
Annanias (TJt'iV>r,l 175(): j';avid Knott 17tii 1770; Delan- 
cey and ("nylcr 17f):J: Jaiiies Parker 17r)4 ; Jolin xVllen 
1760. Amom;- other ])(nM"';s who owned hind here al)oui 
or bef(n-e this rime were 'J homas Tilton, Samuel Plulett, 
•Jose])h Potter and John ChandM^rs. 

There "was a saw Jiid! ]>uilt on Kettle ( Jreek about 
17-iO and |n-ol»aMy by Ehienezer AjiDhuat". as in 1701 his 
"old saw milV is referred t<). It is piesnmed that thi.-; 
Ebeuezer .'L])])le^';i'Le was a son of Jacob, as in the ta.s: list 
of 17(54- " Kbenezer Apple,!.;ate sou Of JacolV is theoid\' 
Ebene/er named. Betweeu 1740 anil 175<t l)rid^-es were 
over branches of Kettle ('r<;'ek, ou(' of \vhich was built b^- 
Beujamin A^'oolley and Job Cook. In 1704 John Abee, 
had a sa^v mill on noi4h bvancli. 

Tunis Deinse took uj) considerab](> land i]i 1755 and 

thereabouts near M.^tetocouk and liad saw and grist ndll. 

It is possd_)le that fre)m him juav be derived the name 

' Tunes, oiie (>i the brancl!t^s of Kettle Creek. In 1S15 

Silvcjuis iJills ow^ji'd the T'ani>< I'teuise mills. 

Michael < )rlley, wliose name is noted in connectifui 
witli land cui the beach, took u]) hmd in bSlS betweeii 
}iorth and south lu-auches of Jvettle Creek. 

About the latter part of last centur\- John Havens, 
Seiiior, bought dwellingiioKse and laud of Joloi Allen and 
Joliu Havtuis, Jr., ])ought dwelliug and land of James 
Vllen and iu ISdO took ;i]) a ttact from proprietors be- 
tween Keirle i^ feek and Keedy Cre(-k, nea.r head of latter. 

•lames Ibmnals lived seadh side Metetecunk 1745. 

l'()T\'i' ]T,]:ASAN'r. 

Pttnit i'lea.sant is a ua;ae apipiied to a senii-])eninsu- 



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288 HisTonv oi' MoxArou'rii axd ocean counties. 

Irt tract of land in Brirk Ti">\vns]up, Ocean county, 
rapidly lieconiinu stuildod with resorts. It constitutes 
the northern excreniity of the county, and is l)ounded on 
tlie east hy the Atlantic. r»n tlic north-west hy tlie beau- 
tiful Manas([uaii I'iver, and on the south by the Metete- 
conk river and the head of Barne^at bay. The distance 
across the nt^ck of the senii-])eiiinsnla (l)etween the ^Nlete- 
teconk and ]Manas(|uan rivers) is nearly two miles, vvdiile 
its ocean front stietches for three rniles aloni;- the beach. 
Point Pleasant is a fertih^ tract, with well wooded undu- 
latory hills inters])ersed with lakelets, and faces a part of 
the ]Nia-nasi|uan river v.ith a hduti'. It is reached from 
New i'ork by the New Jersey Central railroad and also 
by the Freehcdd and Jamesburg branch of the Pennsyl- 
vania railroad ; and from ]-^hiladelphia b}- the Philadel- 
phia and Long Praucdi railroad. 

Some 18 or "20 years ago Point Pleasant was an 
unim})roved, unde^■ei(.})ed tract, till taken hold of Ity C*apt. 
John Arnold, seconded afterwai'ds bv no less energetic 
allies, and the residt of his and their energy and entei'- 
prjse is now seen in tine cottages, schools, (diurches, 
stores, hotels and ])oar(linL':-houses standing on well laid 
out streets and ;l^^ullf's. wliere formerly rabliits ;tnd I'op- 
tiles were wont to Inirrow. At tlnit time the population 
did not exceed 12 lamiLes who liad houses fit to live in; 
and ingress fron.i or egri'ss to either IMuladeliihia or New 
Ym-k im]>lied forty miles by stage, and tlu- loss of a 
whoh^ ilav foi- tht^ single journey. Point j-'iea-^a]it ^\o'v 
has ^Methodist K].isco])al, Methodist Protestant. lilpisco- 
pal, Pionian Catholic, and I'rcsbytcrian churchrs ; gr.-idrd, 
public and }iiivate schor/ls; two J?os1ollic<-s and railiMiid 
stations as nieidioiu^d, and numerous hc»tc]s and board- 
ing-houses. Its cliief attractions iUc those j)rf-.t-ntcd 
by the ocean, Parin-gnt bay and ^]anas(piaii rivrr, alt'ord- 
ing ^'acilitifs tor boating, tithing. crabl»ing, l)atiiing. gun- 
iiirig, A'«*., its sha(!\' grovt-s, and jmre st-a air. 

v|;\(»i,ii (ITV. 
Arnold City is the most nortlurly of t]j( new resorts 
refei'red to under P(unt Pleasant. 'J'he tract comprises 



,, tl ft. I. 



EARLY SKTCLi:i;s, ETC. !2S0 

300 lots, .50x100 iVet, \vitli avenues 70 leet aiul streets GO 
feet ii) widtJi. It is iiained al'ter Captain John Artiolil, 
tlie pioneer of tliis beaiUiful section ot ou)' coast. 'J'iie 
improvements already nu'ntioned under Ptunt Pleasant, 
include tlie resorts. This tract is a ]>ait ot" the Arnold 
farni, ]iurchased 1>y Pvohrrt !M. AVortliini^ton, who is as- 
sociated witli l>ri_uhton. a liourishing ne^\ Summer resort 
in Monmouth county. \i\ his al)le manaiijement of the 
Arn(jld tract nnjst of the entir*^ property has l)een dis- 
posed of to classes who are calculated toim])rove it. ( )n 
this property are a statioji and roundhouse of the Xev.' 
Jersey Central railroad. 

POINT I'LKASAXT CITY. 

Point Pleasant City is the njime of a Summer resort 
adjoining Arnold City. It is one of the first tracts taken 
up and laid oiit for a Summer city oy the sea at Point 
Pleasant. It has received increasing ]iatronage irom 
seaside seekers, who have jmrchased lots and are 1>ui]d- 
ing Summer homes u]ion them. The " IJesort House."" 
and (ither hotels and l)o.ardiiii;-houses attract large nuin- 
bers during the hot Summer months. 

IJAY HEAD .JUNCTION. 

Tliis pro]»erty is the last remaining l>:\ach tract imme- 
diately connecting with tln^ mainland on the XeAv Jerse\' 
coast. It lies north of Pay Head. It contains P.)0 lots, 
and oilers the same advantag■e^s and attractioijs as the 
other Point Pleasant resorts. 

THE POINT I'I.EASANT LAND Co.MPANY. 

In the S})ring fjf LSTS this eonipany l)ought the John 
Forman pro]ierty, consistiiig <jf 'i-")*' acres. The otlicers 
Avere John Jj. Murphy, l^resident, James Puchanaii, Sec- 
retary, J. Hart Ijrewer, Ireasurer. 

Their first |uirchase e\tended from the ocean back 
to the old Sqiuu; road, and down to near the head of 
Barnegat Pay. Srieets u—re laid out fifty to Nixty feet 
wide. 

The co!n])auy was incorp'orate(l ( )et. 'J.2. 1877, ea/pital 
>;r)(),0()(). Incoi jioratois, J. Hart Preuer. Charles H. 



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•29() HISTOIIY OF ^K)N>[()ITFI AND (1( I^AN roUNTIKS. 

Skiriu, Joliii L. ]\l urpliy, Jaiiuvs ]>ncliaiiau ami Wiliiain 
CJoke. 

Tlio StalVonl Foi'^c ('raiil)Pirv 1k>u.- is ([uitt^ a noted 
one, and usnally very proilnctivc In 1S77 Mr. J>ani('l 
1\. Clowilv, t!io owner, lial /!'! I j-iickers ein]>lo\(\l. 

Jolm LaA\ it-nc<^ of Mai'as(juan sold '2o'2 aeres in 17"i7 
to Thomas Tilton of Sinv\ssl)'irv. 

Osborne's Island is now oAvned l>y ])r. l^illei' of N»r>v 
Yolk. As tlie river channel runs south of it, it belongs 
to Monnioutli. 

JosepJi Lawrence was a sou of the tirst William and 
bei-anie possessed of 4-7tlis of his father's estate al)ove and 
beloY*' ]\rauas!|niiu rivei". 

r(>I\T riJ-.ASANT NOTES. 

The Thon^as Cook place at junction of the river Mas 
bought l)y riHiinas ("ook, Sr., of A^"altcr and Mary Curtis 
17S2. 

Tlio tirst Tlj(,)iaas CV)ok nann-d al)ove had cliildren 
Tlujuias, rdcliard and Sarah wIkj married Thomas 
SheHrman. 

The Curtis family own.-d at one time most of the 
land ai'ound [''oint IMcasant. The lirst of the family were 
ste])-sons of Joseph Ta\\r-nct^ wlio married a 'widow 
Curtis. Joseph Lawrem-e liyed just over tin; river in 
Monm<->uth on ihe Col. Jame^^ Osborne jdace. 

Tlie island iii the river was once called Hartshorne's 
Island and tle.'n OsboriK^s Island. Samuel Osborne is 
named in tin's \icinity in I7-.'4. 

OLD TIMES L\ OCEAN CO EXT Y. 

THE LAST WAi; urrii enoi,ani>--cai'TI'j;e of ocean couNrY 

VESSELS. 

During ih.,' war of Esl'.^ IE ( )cean county vessels 
trading to New York and elsewhere, found their luisiness 
seriously injure^d by lE'iti^h cruisei-s (»u our coast. 
(^'-casionally sonie boM, foi'tanate ma*-:ter (A a vessel 
would succeeil in eluding the enemy's \igilance, .and 



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OLD TIMES IN OCEAN COUNTY. 'J91 

arrive safely at New York ; l)ut ,t;'eiierally tbey ^ver^' iio* 
so fortuuate. Coimviodore Hardv, iu his llap;-slii]\ the 
" l{ainillifs/" a 74-<4UU sliip. liad eotmnand of the British 
bh)c-kadin^' squadror. on oiii- coast. All accounts, Avritten 
and traditional, concede th;it he was one of the most 
lionorahle olHcers iu the British service. L ulike the in- 
famous Admiral Cockburn, who cttmmanded the block- 
ading squadron further south, Hardy never took private 
property of Americans, except contraband iu war, with- 
out otieriug c3m}>ensation. J]y his vigilance he iniiicted 
considerable damage to our coasters, aud by nearly stop- 
ping this trade, injury also resulted to a large portion of 
other citizens tlien deiiending on tlie lumV)er trade. 

On the last day of March. iSlo, Hardy, in the 
" llamillies," came close to Barnegat Inlet and sent iu 
barges loaded with armed men after two American ves- 
sels lying in the inlet. Tliey l)oarded the schooner 
"Greyhound,"' Captain Jesse Eogers, of P(^tter"s Creek, 
and Httem}>ted to take her out, l)ut she grounded. The 
enemy then set tire to her and she M'as burned, together 
with her cargo of lumber. They then set tire to a sloo]> 
lielungiug to Captain Jonathan V>'inner, He>:ekiah So))er 
and Timothy Soper, oi Waretown. This vessel was 
saved, however, as signals were tired by the Commodore, 
recalling the l)arges in iiaste, that he might start in pur- 
suit of some vessel at sea. As soon as the barges left, 
the Americans went on board the sloop and extinguished 
the tire. Tlie name of the sloo|> has generally been given 
as the '' ^Mary Elizabeth," but one or two <)ld residents 
insist that it was the"Susau." Tl'e ])vol)ability is that 
vessels of both names were tired, but nt diiierent times. 
^Yhile the ijarges were in the inlet a i)arty landed on 
tlie beach, on the south side, and killed fifteen jiead of 
cattle belonging to Jeremiah S]n'agg and John Allen. 
The ownejs were awav, but the British left word that if 
they presi'uted their bill U) Conimodoi'e Hardy, he would 
settle it, as he generally divl similar ones. But the owin^-s 
were too ])ati-iotic to attenip-t anything that seemed like 
furnishing su}>plie'S to the eiieiny. 






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29'2 Hi^^TOiiV OF .^rox.MourH and ocean counties. 

At aiiotljor time tho sfli(i(nior " Presideut," Captain 
Amos liirtlsall, of A^ ai (.■!:( »\vii. Ixtund to New York, was 
taken by CcnnuKxloie Hardy, who at once cf>inineuced to 
take from the schooner hei' spars, deck phiuivs, et<-. Cap- 
tain Birdsall. with liis crew, had li])erty to leave in their 
yawl; V)nt on acco'.mt of a hea\v sea tliey were detained 
a day or two on hoard, wlien they succeeded in <;ettinii 
on board a fisliing smack, and thus <;f)t home. Before 
Ca]>tain Birdsall left the " Ramillies." the masts of his 
schooner had been sawed into plank by the British. 

The sloo]) "Elizabeth,"' Ca])tain Thomas Bunnell, 
of Forked Iiiv(^r, v,as captured by bar;L!;es sent into Bar- 
negat Inlet, and towed out to sea ; Init it is said she was 
shortly after lost on Long Island. The captain saw the 
barges coming, and he ;ind the crew escaped in the yawl. 
She was owned V)y Vt'illiam Piatt and C';vptain Bnnnell. 
At another time Captain Bunnell was taken out of anr)ther 
vessel and detained by the British some time, and then 
put on board a nentral vessel, said to have been Spanish, 
and tlnis got tf) New lork. The sloop "'Traveler,'" Cap- 
tain Asa Grant, was set on tire liy the British, but the tire 
was e tinguished after the Ibitish left. At another tinn\ 
two slo)ps, one named the "" Maria, ' Captain .Tosiiua 
AVarren, and the other the "' Friend>.hi}),'" Captain Thomas 
^fills, were idia.sed ashore near Squan. Thev w^re com- 
ing down the beach, when Commodore Hard^' espied and 
.stood for tiiem. and tliey lan ashore. Hardv sent barges 
ashore to plunder tiiem. One l)oat came to the "'Friend- 
ship," and the bowsman caught hold of the tatl'rail to 
jump on l>oard. Jesse Chadwick. a soldier of the Bevo- 
tion, went to the edge of the shore and shot tlu' nnm. 
Tlie barges then put back to the shi}), which tired alxnit 
two hundred balls at the sloops. 

A vessel commanded l)y Captain John liogers, wlio 
livt'd near Toms River, was also ca])tured, and Bogei'-i 
himself detained for a while on tlie ]]ritisli niaii-of-w;o. 
Caprain Bogers used lrec[uently to reiaie his adveuturt^s 
on thisill-starred trip wiiich cost him Ins ve.-,sel. 

Captain Jesse ]iogeis, <>i the "" Gre\ hound," wiio 



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OLD TIMES IN OCI'.AN C(U"NTY. 293 

lived to (juitp an advaneoj aj^e, laaile eirorts to liave his 
losses i'eiiiil»nrs(\l Itv C'i)Uuress, as did also ^Messrs. Spraj:^';^' 
and Allen and others, hut thev were unsuccessfid. 

At Waretown niui-h excitenit^nt was created hv the 
barges of ConMnodor(^ Hai'dy entei-ini;' the irdet and burn- 
ino- tlie " (Trevhound." At h'orked River a new dwelling 
and store had just been ereetetl at the npper landing- by 
Charles Parker, father of ex-Governor Joel Parker. Mr. 
Parker informed the writer that thongli his house was 
unfinished, yet tin- roof was tilled with persons watching 
Hardy's ]n*oceedings. Judge Jacob Birdsall, then a boy, 
was among the children sent to dwellings back in the 
wof>ds for safety. 

Tlie war of 1812 did not seem to be a very popular 
<^ne in Xew Jersey, as the political })arty opposing it 
generally carried the State. To raise troops, a draft was 
at one time ordered along shore, which called for one 
man in every seven. Tliis draft, hovvever, seenied to 
work 1)ut little hardshi]). as seven men would cliib to- 
gether to hire a substitute, who couhl generally be 
engaged for a bonus f)f hfty dollars. ]\Lost of the men 
obtained ludei- the orders for drafting were sent to de- 
fend Sandy Hook, wliere, from the re])orts they subse- 
quently made, tlieir tinu' was principally occU])ied in 
uttering maledictions on commissaries Uw furnishing 
them with horse beef and other objectionable grub. 
Among those who volunteeied. the last survivor at Forked 
River was the late Gershom Ayres, who served ander 
General Rossell. At Waretown, Ralph Chambers was 
the last survivor. He was properly entitled to a peusior^ 
for wounds received in the battle of Plattsburg ; but as 
he liad money of his own when wounded, he hired medi- 
cal attendance at a ]>rivate house to insure good atten- 
tion, by which means Ins name escaped being embraced 
in the otUcial report of wouiuted. At J^arnegat, Tunis 
Bodine Mas tln^ last survivor of the wai' of 1812, and 
received a ; .i:^ion for his services. In Sej^temljer, 1877, 
?Jr. Ritdine complettMl his eighty-sixth year, and was 
rcm;irkabh well and hear.'v. 



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294 HISTORY OF MONifOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

BIRTHPLACE OF I'NIVEKSALISM IN AMERICA. 



THE rOTTEi: CIJUJtCH AT OdODLlTK. 

A singular ;njJ interesting cha})ter in the religious 
liistory of not onl}- Ocenn county, but of this eountrv, 
relates to the uoteLl oM Goodluck Church, formerly 
known as the *' P(nter Chureh,'' built in 17()o by Thomas 
Potter, a benevolent citizen of the village, who then lived 
east of the eliurch on the farm subsequently owned by 
the late (/aptain Benjamin Stout. Before building the 
church, Pc/tter liad been in the ]ial)it of o})ening his 
house to travelling preacliers of all persuasions, and 
after a while erected this cditice free to all ilejiomina- 
tious, and in it preached Qiiakers, Presbyterians. Bap- 
tists and Methodists, and in it w;is ])reached the tirst 
Universalist sermon ever delivered in America. 

The earliest notice of old Potter Church at Goodluck 
is found in the following e.NLtract from the Journal of 
John GriiHth, a preacher of the Society of Friends, found 
in Friends' Lilirary. vol. ;"», p. -128 : 

" On od day, 22d of Ith month, 17G0, had a large 
meeting at Little Egg Harbor. Next day had a meeting 
in a new Presbvterian n)eetingliouse neai' Barnegat. It 
was large and held nnvre than an hoi;."- in silence which 
the people were not accustomed to. At length the word 
was given with authority aiid cleverness, showing the ail- 
vantafre of silence in w^ishiv). '■'" '•■ AVe travelled bv the 
seaside to a })lace called (roodluck where we found a 
large meetinghouse not ([uite finished, erected by one 
Thomas Potter, intended ])y him, it seems, for all preach- 
ers to make use of, who would preacli freely, excepit Pa- 
pists, who would not be admitted even on those terms. 
AVe had a meeting in it, but jjotice not coming timely, it 
was small and to little satisfai-tion. We met him tliat 
afternoon on his return. He :-,eenuMl sorry he ha])])ened 
to V)e out at that time ; he was beyond hireling ministrv. 

CENTENAI;Y Cjaj^niJATloN VJ' (.ooDLCCK. 

liev. Abel C. Thomas a, noted antl an aged Juinister 
of the Universalist Sorietx' furnished the followinir 






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206 HISTOIIY OF MONMOUTH AM) OCEAN crjUNTIES. 

account of tlio Conteuuiai ('elt^ltratii)U uf Uiiivevsalisin in 
(TO')dluck. ( )i-ean county, in ISJO. for tin* X'"- J<:rx'Jij 
( 'oHfler, soon after it occurred : 

"We Innl no expectations of larire delegations of owv 
members at the late celebration in Croodluck. (3ur 
centenary had been attended the week previously in 
Gloucester, Mass.. the number [)reseut being variously 
estimated from t"n to fifteen thousaml, inckiding two 
hundred and tifty out ()f sik hundred an 1 tifty clergymen. 

"On the 'J'^th of S^-ptt^mlier, ITT'K Rev. Jolm ^lurray. 
a disciple of litdly tin the sense that Relly \v;is a disci[)le 
of C'liristi landed ou tlie c!);ist of New Jersey. 

"The late great convocation in (lloucester antedated 
the landing of Murray by the s})ace of f-ne week, and a 
few of us detei mined to sp-eud the exact Centenary at 
Goodluck, Ocean county. This was what took us there : 
}>recisely one liuudred years from the landing of Murrav. 
we held a meinorial service in tin- old church, and also at 
the Grave of Thomas Potter — the order being sulistan- 
tially the same that we had used in Gloucester. The 
only change was this : " AVe strew this evergreen and 
these flowers, in memory and honor of Thomas Potter, 
the friend and ])atron of John Murray, our early preacher 
C)f I'niversalism in America." 

After a brief address by tli'^ Pev. Abel (_'. Thomas, 
who conducted tlie sei'vic^s. a hymn was sung, and the 
services were appro]n'iately chjstnl. 






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i'AUv^OX MlWIi.W C)K Till. (■.( Ujni.L'CK- 



S »rsT()T;v OF Miix^roT'iiT ant- 0("kax rorxTir.:- 
CAPTAIX ADAM HYIJ:i;. 



THK i»ArjX(f i>i:rvAi"i'.i:[i uv I'ln: r.Kvou'iioN. 
Amoug tlio oaptaihs of privnttHM's ulio caiuc intr 
nns River (luring the Itpvolutioii was ( aptniii A<laiu 
vler. At the time Toms Kiser was l)uriie(l, one of his 
U'gos was found in the stream and cari'ied away l)y tlie 
riti.sh. 

It is rare to find, in fact or tiction, more daring 
*c}il(»its recorded than those j)eriormed chiellv in tlie 
aters arouiul (d<l Monnnuith ])\' ('attain A(Lam Hyhu", 
■ho resided at New ]>runswi(dx dining the latter part of 
lie EevolutKUiarN' war. I'^roni smne nnaeec'untalde cause, 
lie lieroic d.^r^ds of t1iis man liave rtH-ei\ed hut litth' 
otiee from historians; indeed, we renn-mMei- of liut (Un^ 
iinderii work that maio's an\- allusion to tin in, and that 
jives only two or thi-ee of the iteiris i)U()l;shed below. 

Captain Hyl.'-r's operations were carried on in JJari- 
au iJay. and alcmg our coast as fa)- down as Egir Harbor ; 
?hielly. however, in the lirst naini'd ]^-lac" d'hough he 
■iometimes used sail cral't, \rr he generalh' depe-nded 
apon Avliale boats or large l)ar^-.'s, I'owed l.y skil!f-.d 
crews. The-e bai-ges w.-re L':eni'ra!!v kepi -it New J5i'un<- 
U'lck, but sonie were .-it rimi^s conrealed in siuall stream-- 
iniiptyiug into liai'itan iJav and JliAer, which jijacenav 
tlieii reacin-d l)y oM Cranb; ri-y inlet. 

Tliou^'h till- le'i'uL^'-e i);uid. which had its heaihiuar- 
t'-Ts at tlie settleiicnt on Saiclv li ook. arouiid the liglit- 
liouse, o-ave grear aniio\ance lo the j);i,triot.^ (;f .Moiimouth : 
yet their opera tio. is wi^r^' );uu-h cii'cam>e;-ibed b\' the 
etlorts of Captain il\lera;id hi^ iera\ e couipatriots. who 
-'•riously iiiterf.-r.'d with th<' ve^.-,eU of tie- Pvefngees. a- 
W'-U as of the Ib'itisli, a!id when opporiiodtv otlVn-t^d, as 
^vill hereattei- 1m. se.ni, hesita l--! m ,t to at tack their settle- 
■i"'iit. and even thi- liL;h'ho!is*' [oi-i itsi'lf. The Itefugei^s 
^\'oulil >-oiiirtinies boast of succ ■ssf.d mislniuht niaraud- 
I'l,- "Xl'cdirions into the :tdjae.-)ir co.iiitry. but th.. bold, 
d<!lltul .-xploits of llsder fai- eidio-, -d th.-ir be>t j.lap.ned 
'■linns. 



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A cle.ir i(le;i of C';i[)t;nii Hvlcr's nuiuiicr of lianissiiig 
the enemy is givt-u in tlie f. allowing e>:tr;U't.s, eo))ievl froiv. 
various jiueient jnipers publisliod ;it tlu' time. Tliev 
serve to ;iid in ronipletini;' tlin pii-turc of life und tini(\s 
in and jironml old ]\[oniiii)utli iliirin'.;; tlic Tt- volution. 

"Oetol)er 7, 17M. On Fri'lay last. C.q)tain A<lani 
Hyler, from Nimv lUunswick, witli one gunboat auil two 
■svlialid:)oats. witiiin a ()uarti'r of a mile of tlie guavd- 

I sliiji at Sandx' Hook, attacked tivo vi-sstds, and after a 
smart eontlict of tifteen, miuutes, carried them. Two of 
them were ai-med, one mounting four ^.ix-pounders, and 
one six swivels and om' tlir»n--j) )un h'r. 'Jdu- haiids made 
tliei)' escap.' with their long i)oats. and took ]-td'uge in a 
small fort, in wiiicli were mount:'d t'>\elve swivel guns, 
from which they ke})t up ;i constant tii-ing, n^ it withstand- 
ing wiiicli he boarded them all without tlu' loss of a 
man. On hoard one of th'-'iu was 'Joil hushel> of wheat 
and a (ptantitv of i-heese 1):dot!i::ng to ( 'aptain Li)ij)i'n- 
cott, houni] to X(-w Voi'k. He toil; from them hftv 
buslnds of whi'at. a '[iiantirv of chees-. several swivids. a 
number <'!' fuse>, oju- I'asic of po\vd;'r and somi- dr\- 
gor)ds, and sti'i[)ped llc-ni of their sails and rigging, n.ot 
being alile to bnn.u ilc xcssids into puit ;n consequence 
of a contrarv wind .-iml tid.' ; all.u" uldcli lie s -t tire to .all 
save one. on bo.-u'il of whicli was a \\(.man and four small 
children. v>]i:c!i preventi'J h>n' from sharing a simil.ii- 
fate." 

On the l:;i!i of (_)ctob('i-. a v.<M-k or ten da\'S after the 
above-menlioiifd all'air. Oai'tain Hvii-r, v,-itli I'Ue u-unb..at 
and two ^\ hal(-b< :a L>. i>oard.'l a sloop and two stIk n mer--, 

'•" whicii all han.ls, fxce|i{ tv.o. had oievious]\' Icfr. ;intl 
which' lav rin<lei-tle' coNcrof tic lightliousc fort at Sandv 
Hook, and brou'jhi tliiUn all o,'!'; bat the sloop being a 
dull sailor, and being much anno\'ed, fi.-oni a gaile\' lying 
near Stalen l--lai:-l. she vra>> set on tii-e about three nule>, 
f]-oni the foi ;. ()ne .,f rh(; si hooiieis running aground b\- 
accident, was stripped) and hdl ; t!ie other, a remarkably 
tine, fast sailing, \irginia built pilot, niounti-d with om- 
four-pounder. was lirouglil. with two pri^oner^, saftdy I'lV. 



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300 nisj'oi;Y <:)F moxmouth and ocean counties. 

On the 24111 of the same month, he started with nne 
{j;ui)boat to surprise tlie '■ rei'ui;ee town"' at Sundv Hook. 
He hmded within tliree quarters of a mile of the lio'ht 
house, but found the refu^t^es were out in Monmouth 
county on a plunderinu; expedition. He, however, fell in 
with six noted villains who he ])rou^ht oft' and lodp;ed in 
a safe })laee. A subseijuent notice of Ca]itain Hyler. 
says that atone time he ca])tured the Captain of the 
guard at the light house, with all his men, but whether 
it was at this or some other time, is not stated. 

Xovem])er 1-ith, ITSj. ( )n Saturday iii^ht. Ca})tairi 
Hyler, \\ith a g-unboat and a snndl ]»arty of Uien, went to 
the Narrows, where he cajitui-eil a ship with fourteen 
hands, and brought lier ott with th(^ intentioii of runninu' 
her up the Iwiritan river, but near the mouth she 
nnluckilv got aground, and. as the enemv approached in 
force, he was obliged to set her on tire. Slie was loa<led 
with rum and pork ; several hogsheads of the former lie 
got out and brought ott' with the ]trisoners. 

The ship ca[ttured was piobably " Tlic Fathers De- 
sire," as twentv hogslieads of rum and tliirty bai'rels of 
pork were advertised by tln^ U. S. Maishal to be sold a 
few days after; whicli the advertisement states ^\ere 
taken from a shi]» <if tliis name bv (/a])tain Hyler. 

"On tiie loth of December, Captain Hyler, who 
commands se\en uv eight stont whale boats, manned 
with ne;ir one hundred men at the Xairows, fell in with 
two refugee sloops trading to Shrewsbury, one r)f them 
commanded by tlie noted villain, * Shore-. St(-phens," and 
had cm l»oard iiljOl) in specie, li('si(h-s a considerable 
quaritity of dry goods; tlie other had sinular articles, 
also sugar, I'um, etc. Thev were taken toXe'w ]3runswick."' 

Tlie man\' dai'ing e\ph)its of (_".i]it.'iin Hyler, follow- 
ing so close on(^ after ane^tlier. arous(^d the British at 
New York, and the^- tltted ont an expedition with the 
deteiiidnation i»f destroxing his lioats. aiid, if possible. 
ca})turing him. The follow int;- account of this expedition 
IS dei-ived chietlv from IMiiladelphia ])apers of the date.>5 
of Januarv lOth a)'.d Itith ITS'i : 



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CAPTAIN AJ)A:\I HYLEIt. 



301 



"A l>Hvty of tlie British lately (about Jamiary 9th i 
made an incursion t(j Xev,' Brunswick with the design, it 
is said, of carrying oti" the boats of the celebrated partisan, 
Captain Adam Hyler. Tliey landed at Xew Brunswick 
and plundered two houses, l)ut were gallantlv opposed 
by the ueighl)oriug miltia, and the enemy were driven ott" 
with some loss. Fui'ther accounts say there were some 
'200 refugees and British, and that they succeeded in 
destroying the whale l)oats. Xn Americans were killed, 
but tiv(^ were wounded ajid six. taken prisoners. Se^'eral 
Tories were killed — four known t(^ be, and several were 
seen to be carried oil". Tlie British ma<le the attack 
al)out live o'clock, A. ^[., just before (hivliglit, ;ind the 
American account savs the expedition was wpil planned, 
and that the Tories held the town Un- .ibout an hour. 
The Britrsh regulai's wei'e detachment.-^ from tlie 4:')tli 
and 4"2d regime])t>, under connnand of (.'uDtain Beckwitli, 
in ^^ix boats, and they took awav all of H\']er"s boats. 
The Jb'itish alleged that Captain Hyler \\as a deserter 
from tlie Boyalists." 

]t is probable that at this time, besides his l)oats at 
Xew Brunswick. Ca[)tain H^h-r iia<l others conct^aled 
elsewhere, as wt- hnd earb' in the folh e\ ing spring he 
was at woik as usual, appartMith' but little inconveni- 
enced by the loss oi the boats taken liy the ]3ritisli, 
though h' ma\" have Iniilt sonn^ in the meantime. In 
March following, when the British atracke<l aiid buined 
Toms Biver, they boasted n*i having ca])tured there a 
tine large barge, belonging to ('aptain Hyler. 

In April, 17S"2. Captain Hyler. in an opiui boat, 
boarded and took a, lar^e cutter, almost read\' foi sea, 
lyiiig iiear Sandy Hoc^k, and jieai- the Lion man-of-wai', 
sixty-four guns. This cutter mounted twelve ei^-hteen 
poundeis, and was commanded b\- one \\ hite, formerlv 
of Bhila(lel[)h;a, liut turned apostate. Hvler blew up 
the vessel, which was designed as a cruiser, and took 
lorty jirisonei's. Anothei- aci-onnt sa\s the number of 
})nsoners was titty, and th.e cutter's arnmment was six 
eighteen poundei's and ten ui)ie pounilers. At the .-^amt' 



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i02 HISTOJiY OF MOXMi)T '1[I AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

time he tot^k a sloo]) wliicli was ransomed for l'4nO. The 
^laptaii) of the cuttei' j^ives an aninsin^- aceonut of the 
vay Hyler captured his vesseh 

" "On the -i^lth of May. 17S-2. ('apt;un Hyk'r. with his 
trmed boats. l)ein<j; in Shr(>\vsl)ury river, a |»art\ of 
British ti'ot>])S. fonsistin^L' of rwenty-live men. under ('a}>- 
ain Shaak, was detaclied to intercept him in the L;ut. 
lyler discovered them, and landed t]lirte^^n men wiih. 
>rders to cliaige ; when fwur of the enemy were kiHed or 
v'onnded. ;niil tlie (/;Lptain ;ind eii;ht men taken j)ris()iier-^. 
5y the firing;' of a gun it was su))p()SHd others were kiPied, 
,S they were seen to fall. Just hefor*^ this allair ('a])taiu 
Syler luid luet with a hurt. <U' otherwise hi' probably 
TOuld iiot ha\e let a man (^sca]»('."" 

On the '2d r)f July. ('a])tain Hyler. assisted by Oa])- 
aiu Story, aiiotln ]■ brave pai'tisan, in New York ba\, 
rith t\\"(( v.diale boats, boarded aud t()(>k the srhooiau 
Skip Jack." cari'viuii; six i^iiiis. besides swivel^, and 
)urned I'er at noon, in si^ht of the i;nard-ship. ami took 
lie Ca})t.aiii and uine oi' leu liUMi oi'isoner^. Abruit tli- 
anie tin\e he also took" tisief- or foui- trading vessels, 
oaded with calves, shet']). A'c. 

These wei'c probabU about" the last <\"[>loils in which 
.aptain Hyh r was eiiL;a,u<Ml. as w. tiui] no fiirther mer- 
lon oi his name in .-nicietit jiajieis until the aniioimce- 
QCut of his death, some two niontlis after. He died at 
^^ew Ih'unswick on tin-' <(th ')f September. ITS-j. 

The tollowiuii' fi-oia an ancient ]);i|).r L^'ives a ^fajJiic 
PCount of his manner o>' coiidnctii!_- his (^pevations. It 
nis orieinally pubb-^ie-d Jnu^- l;i. "1 T^-^ : 

"'Ihe exertiiais of the cell brateil water pa'-tis.a.i. 
aptain Adam Hxlei-, ha\(' beeii a eoiisiderable ar,no\- 
Llice to the wood diallops. ti-ailin^; vessels and ])luiide:- 
n^^])irates of the enemv al>out Sandv liook. F.oim- Island 
Lud Staten fsk-uwl for sevei-al month- jiast. \i>u hav-- 
Jearil that his ettV)rt to iak(> an ciu-ht''en-eiia catter was 
•I'uwiie.l with success. Il was inde..,l a bold and ha/.ai^l- 
"is att(Mi;pt. considering- how well -.he A\as pro\-idee. 
i^raiiist bein- boarded. lb' was. however. conii)elled i. 



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CAPTAIN ADaM HYLEPi. oOo 

blow lior np, after securiii<.>; his })risc)uers and a few arti- 
cles oil boaru. His surprising a captain of the guard, at 
the lighthouse, with all his men, a short time ago, was a 
handsome affair, and gained him much credit. He has 
none but picked and tried men. The person who dis- 
covers the least symptom of fear or dithdeuce, be he who 
lie v.ill, is immediately turned on shore and never suf- 
fered to enter again. In the next place, they are taught 
to be ]iartieularly expert at the oar, and to row Avith such 
silence and dexterity as not to be heard at the smallest 
distance, even though three or four boats l)e together, 
and go at the rate of twelve miles an hour. Their cap- 
tures are made chietiy by surprise or stratageni ; and 
most of the crews that have hitherto been taken by these 
boats declare they never knew anything of an enemv 
V^eing at hand till they saw the i)istol or cutlass at their 
throats." 

After the uc^torious Kefugee, Lippencott. had l)arba- 
rously murdered Captain Joshua Huddy, near the High- 
lands, General A\ ashington was anxious to have the 
inurderer secured. He iiad been demanded of the 
British General, and his surrender refused. Captain 
Hyler was determined to take Lippencott On impiirv 
he found that he resided in a well known house in Broad 
street, New York. Dressed and equipped like a man-of- 
war press gang, he left the Kills, with one boat, after 
dark, and arrived at Whitehall about nine o'clock. Here 
he left his boat in charge of three men and passed to 
the residence of Lippencott, where he ini[uired for him 
and found that he was absent, having gone to a cock pit. 
Thus failing in his object he returned to his boat, witli 
his ^>/'^.y6' (/(Oif/, and left Whitehall, but tinding a sloo]j 
lying at anchor off the battery, from the West Indies, 
laden Avith rum, he t<iok her, rut her cable, set her sails, 
and, with a north-east wind, sailed to Elizabethtown 
Point, and before daylight, had landed from her and 
secured forty In^gsheads of rum. He then burned the 
sloo]> to ])i-event her re-c-aplure. 

The fact of Captain Hylor's having been fornierlv in 



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304 HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN C'orNJTES. 

the Britisli service, iiicreases our admir.-ition foi' liis Ix^id 
operritioiiH. Hud he heen taken hy the British he proha- 
1)]^' wonhl. liave received a deserter's ])nnishineut. 



XEAV JETISEY WATEPJNG PEACli^S — THEIR 
OIHGIX. 



Tlie first seaside n^sorts in Xew Jersey in all proba- 
l)iiity \vere Eoug Beaeh, in ^Monmouth, and Tuckers 
Beach, in Little Ei^g HarWor. Tlie first named place, 
now in Ocean ctninty, is opjiosite the villages of Barnegat 
and Mannahawkin, and the latter opposite Tuckerton. 
Of these places AVatson's Annals of Philadelphia says : 

" We think Long Beach and Tucker's Beach in point 
of earliest attraction as a seaside resr>rt for Pliiladel- 
phians must claim tlie }n'ecedence. They had tlieir visi- 
tors and distant admirers long before Squan and Deal, 
and even Long l>ran(di itself, had got their several fame. 
To those wlnj chiefly desire to restore languid frames, 
and to find tlieir nerves l)raced and firmer strung, noth- 
ing can e([ual the invigorating surf and general air. ^'' ■•■" 
Long Branch — last but greatest in fame, because the 
fashionables who rule all things have made it so — is still 
inferior as a surf to tlicse al)ove named." 

Before the Pievolution, P]iiladel])liians ;ind others 
from a distance wlio visited Long and Tucker Beaches, 
went in old-fa>hioned shore wagons on their return trips 
from the cits', and took with them their stoves, l)lankets, 
etc. Some ]:»eople on the beaches began to make pro- 
visions to receive these transient Vx^arders, and so origi- 
nated tills b^lsiness in New Jersey in v.diich now annually 
is spent sucli an immense amount of money. The shore 
wagons carted fish and oysters to Philadelphia, Trenton 
and othei' ))laces over a hundred vears ago, ;ind these 
primitive conveyances on their return trips were first 
used to convey healtli or pleasure seekers to oar earliest 
seaside resorts. A\ hat a contrast betwe(Mi then and now 
- — between an oyster wagon and a palace carl 



NEW .ie;;sky watekinc- rEACKs. ;;().'i 

Lono; Bram-li comes lu-xt in ordr-r, hoin;^ tirst known 
as a "watering })lace abunt 1788. 

Cape IMav began to l)e known as a watering pLace 
abont ISlo. Atlantic' Citv was founJeJ some forty years 
later, abont tlie tinio (^f the completion of the Camden 
and Atlantii- railrc^ad. 

The foregoing watering ]")laces from Long Branch to 
Cape May, it is said, were all brought into notice by 
Pliiladelpliians. 

LONG EKANCH — WHO EIlISl' JiROlGHT IT INTO NOTICE. 

The earliest mention r)f Long Branch as a watering 
place in any historical woi'ks that the Avriter of this has 
fonnd, is in Watson's Annals of Philadelphia, jniblished 
in 1830. as follows : 

" This place, liefore the Revolntion, was owned by 
Colonel White, a British officer, and an inliabitant of 
New York. The small house which he occni)ied as a 
summer residence Avas existing among a (dump of houses 
owned by lienshaw, in 1830. In consetpaence of the war 
the place was cojitiscated. The house was tirst used ;is 
a boardi)ig honse b} Elliston Perot, of I'hiladel})hi;., in 
1788. At that time the whole })remises were in charge 
of one <:)ld woman left t(i keep the place from injury. Of 
her Mr. Perot begged an asylum for himself and family, 
Avhich was granted, provided he could get beds and bed- 
ding from others. lieing pleased with the place he re- 
peated his visit there three successive years, taking some 
friends with him. In 1700-1, Mv. McKnight, of ?don- 
mouth, noticing the liking shown for the place, deemed 
it a good speculation to buy it. He 1»ought the whoh' 
premises containing one hundred acres for £'700 and then 
got Mr. Perot raul (others to loan him two thousand dol- 
lars to improve it. He then opened it for a watering 
' place and before his death it was su|)]iosed he had nnule 
forty thousand dolhu's by the investment. The estate 
was sold to Pvenshaw for 813,000." 

According to Watson it would svem that l^llistou 
Perot was the founder of Lonu' P.ranch as a ^\•ateriMg 



nOG HlSTOr.Y OF MoNMOUTli AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

place. The Perot family has l)eeii a proaiiuent one in 
Philadelphia annals. During the Eevolution the Perot 
mansion at Gerniantown was used by Lord Howe as a 
residence, and after the war, while General Washington 
was President, lie also occupied it for a time during- the 
prevalence of the yelhnv lever in the city in 1793. 

THE EAsr INDIAN CEAIMANTS. 

At a conference between the whites and Indians 
lield at Crosswicks, X. J., in February, IT-jS, two Indians 
known by the whites as Tom Store and Andrew Woolley 
claimed the land " from the UKMitli of Scpian river U) the 
mouth of the Shrewsl)ury, by the strean)s of each to 
their heads and across from one head to another." This 
claim was satisfactorily settled at a subsecpient confer- 
ence held at Easton, Pa., 1)1 October of the same year. 

HISTORV AND TIIADITIONS OF LONG BKANCH. 

The following extracts are from the Xew York 
Gazette, Morris' Gniih' and othei" authorities, to which 
some comments are added : 

From the l)est sources we find a tradition generally 
credited among the best iidV)rmed descendants of old 
settlers, that a party of Indians, whose grounds lay back 
of this portion of the coast, visited the shore in the fall 
of 173-4. So v,-ell ])leased were the red men with this 
inaugural visit to tlu' seaside, that like many of their 
modern white brethren, they became /i<iliifiie-s of the 
place, still adheriuji; to the original camping ground, a 
location near the Clarendon Hotel. Here they made 
their annual pilgrimage for fishing, ttc, and welcoming, 
after a long march, the termination of the land, called 
the ])lace "Land's End." 

A few }ears thereafter settlers bought crown lands 
for twenty shillings per acre, and to protect their dwell- 
ings from the winter winds upojj the coast, located -them 
a slu^rt distance from the shore, pursuiiiL: tlie double 
calling of farmers and tisht rmcii. Th.-v opr-ncd the 
Burlington patiiwa\ to ^lonmouth (ijurt House ami 
attracttnl other scttlejs, thus cstaliUsliing old l^ong 



Ni;W JF.P.SEY ^VATF.]aNG PLACES. 307 

Branch ^'illagc, oue and ;i lialf miles from the beach 
and -A'ithin a radins of this distance embracing a popuhi- 
tion of over three thousand. 

When the oUl setth;rs liad opened the Burlingtoa 
pathiway to Monmouth Court H()use, intersecti)ig a road 
to Burlington, communication was then opened with 
this point of the Athmtic coast, possessing advantages as 
a salubrious seaside resort far superior to any other. Xo 
other })ortion of this coast commands a blurl' of more 
than from ludf a mile to a mile in extent, while Ijoug 
Branch has a continuous range of five miles of bluti', 
■whicii extends over a rolling country of increasing eleva- 
tions l)ack to Monmouth Court H(mse at Freeliold, a 
distance of seventeen miles. At the early period indi- 
cated, Philadelnhians avaiieMl tliemselves of the opjxn-- 
tunity thus presented to drive over the new road and 
enjoy the luxiiries of a sea batii. 

OHXaiN or NAME — THE (rliEAT WRESTLING MATCH. 

" Long Branch takes its name from a l)rook, a l^rancli 
of the Soutli Shrewsl)ury river, which runs in a direct 
line nortliward with the coast. It is of little use except 
for gathr'ring ice fen' the Itotels and <-ottages. 

Tradition ])oints to an Imlian tlshery, established in 
1734, as the first ot-cupation of this place, Avhicii was 
styled at that time 'Land's I'hul.' A legend tells us that 
in tliose early limes four men named Sl(-)cum, Parker, 
Wardell and Hulett, came from Bliode Islau'l in cpiest 
of land. 'I.liey found the Imlians friendly but not dis- 
posed to sell It was pro|)osed V)y the Yankees that a 
wrestling 7natch sliould be made up ])etN\een one Indian 
and one (jf the whites, to bo tlecided by the best in three 
rounds. If the I'liampion of the white men won, they 
Avere to have as much land as a man could walk around 
in a day; if otherwise, thev were to leave peacably. 
John Slocum was selected for the strtiggle — a man of 
great proportiojis. athletic ami of great strength, courage 
and intlexi])ility of [mrjiose. Crreat preparations were 
made to ivitness the encounter. Tlie chosen Indian 



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308 



HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AM> OCEAN COUNTIES. 



wrestler practised c<:)utiDually for the event. The day 
long expected proved cloudless and auspici*>us. The 
spot chosen \vas the present Fishing Laud. A circle 
was formed and the Indian champion, elated, confident 
and greased from head to foot, appeared. Sloeum ad- 
vanced coolly and the struggle began; it ^vas long and 
loubtful ; finally Sloeum threw his antagonist, hut in an 
instant the Indian was again on his feet. A mui-mur ran 
through the circle. Again the Indian made a violent ef- 
brt ami both fell. Another murmur was heard. Silence 
prevailed as they came together again, la-okeu (jnly by 
lie roaring of the surf. A long sti'uggle. Sloeum inured 
toil, hardy and rugged, proved too much for the Indian 
.nd threw him, to the iurense disappointment of the 
ndiaus and undisguist'd joy of the whites. The terms 
ere then all arranged, -bjhn Sloeum had two brotliers 
ud they located that part of Long Branch reaching from 
le shore to Turtle Mill lu'ook, embracing all lands 
'ing north of the main road, from the sea to Eatontown, 
etween these two points to the south of Shrewsbury, 
kcept Fresh Pond and Snag Swamp, which v\-as located 
y one of the Wardell family. A considerable })ortion of 
lese lands continued in the possession of the Sloeuius 
|itil fifty or sixty years ago. All are nov/ gone into 
jlier hands. The Parkers placed themselves on Iluni- 
lU's Neck. Hulett lived for a time at Horse Xeck, but 
terwards left this region. Indian warrants, it is said, 
11 exist in the county conveying tliese lands to the 
lite owners. 
After some }'ears a few hardy settlers from n<dgli- 
iug provinces purcluised lands from the agents of 
' Crown at the rate of twenty shillings per aci'e, deeds 
which, it is stated, are in existence over the signature 
King George III or his aaents." 

Probably the most noted Indian in this section of 
^Monmouth was the celebrated Indian Will, of whom 
unuber of tiaditions were publisiied and wliidi are 
'u clscAvhere. He was well known at Eatontown, Long 
uch and vicinity, at Squan and along the coast down 



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CENTENNIAL YEAH OF PEACE. 309 

as far as Bariiegat. A traditiou in Howe's Collections 
savs the Indians in tins section sold ont tlieir lauds to 
Lewis Morris in 1G70, luit Indian Will refnseel to leave. 
The probal)ility is that tliis tradition has confounded 
two transactions. Indian "Will, according to the Lest 
traditionary authority, lived near a century later, and 
the Indian sale of land with which his name has been 
connected was probaldy the one originating at a confer- 
ence held at Crosswicks in February. 175S. and concluded 
at Eastern Pennsylvania in the same year. 

CENTEXXIAL YEAH OF PEACE. 



EEBRUAIU' 2d — JULY -IXH — NOVEMBER 20TH. 

Independence Day one hundred years ago was but 
little oliserved in our State. At Trenton a niimber of 
patriotic gentlemen asseml)led at the house of Isaiah 
Yard. Thirteen cannons, one for each State, v/ere lired ; 
after vshicli a cold collation M'as served, and then the 
company separated. Tlie reason that this particular 
day was less observed than several which had ju'eceded 
it was that tlie event it commemorated had so recently 
been celebrated in connection with the proclamation of 
peace. In nearly all the towns of our State, Trenton ex- 
cepted, the ])roclamation of peace was celebrated on the 
19th of A})ril, because that day Avas the anniversary of 
the tirst battle of the Pevolution, that of Lexington. At 
Trenton the celebration was lield a few days before, on 
the loth. The news had Ijeeii received by a French ship, 
at Philadel])hia, March ^Sd. Three days later, on Wed- 
nesday. March 2G, tlie Trenton Xt'i' J' rsen IJazctte pub- 
lislied tlie news, which rapidly sjaead through the State 
by ])ost-riders, expresses and private conveyances. The 
official ])roclaniation in Xew Jersey was made by (lover- 
uor ]^iviugston on the 11th of the next month, and the 
next day the citizens genf-rally assembled at the house 
of 3[r. Williams (where puilic meetings were frequently 
held;, and a ]>r(^cession was fornn-d, in which were Gov- 
ernor Livingston, the Vice-President of Council, mem- 



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310 HISTORY OF MON^lOUTII AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

bers of the Legislature, judges, magistrates, students of 
the academy and citizens generally. They marched to 
the Court House, Avhere th<3 v^xovernor's proclamation 
announcing the cessation ()f hostilities was read, and 
tliirteen cann(~)n tired, followed by the huzzas of the 
peo})le. 

At 1'2 o'clock divine service was held and a suitable 
discourse delivered by Rev. Dr. Elihu Sj)oncer. 

At 3 P. M. the Clovernor and citizens met at the 
houses of Messrs. AVilliams and Ca])e il)()th (jf whom 
probably kept hotels;, where eutej-tainments were given 
and a])propriate toasts proposed. In the evening almost 
every house in Trenton was illuminated. 

At Princeton, on the lOtli, the programme was about 
the same. The religious discourse was by the Pvev. Dr. 
"\Vithers])(jon. Celebrations were also held at Xew 
Brunswick, "\Voodl»ridge, Cranl)erry, Amwell in Somet'set, 
and other places. 

Bordentown seemed to have had the most notal>le 
one. At noon the citizens of the town and vit^initv 
assembled at the house (jf Cohniel Okey Hoagland. The 
Govern«jr"s proclamation was reail, thirteen cannons 
fired, huzzas, etc. At 3 P. 31. a diniipr ;aid toasts at 
Colonel Hoagland's. In the evening the houses of the 
t(jwn were all illuminated, but tin,' particu];ir attractions 
were the illuminated trans})arencies at the house and 
acadeiny of llev. Barges Allison. The trans}»arencies 
represented : 

1. The sun in its meridian splendor, shedding its 
rays on the segnn>nt of the globe comprehending North 
America, with the motto, "Shine on our hap]n- land." 

2. Porti'ait of Creneral AVashington cncompassetl with 
thirteen stars, representing the States, with the motto 
above, " ludeperident, united and free I " Below the 
motto, "Success to our allies!'" 

3. IV'ace re}n'esented with im])lenn'^nts of husbandrv, 
and a (h^ve with an olive branch, A\)th the motto. "Thev 
shall beat their swords inUj plowshares and their spears 
into prunijig hooks." 



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CENTEXNIAl. YEAH OF PEACE. 311 

4. Plenty reprosenteil ])\ ten cornucopias witli fruits 
and tiowers ; tlie roriuiti su})porting a festoon, two wheat 
sheaves and a ])asket of fruit. 

5. The crown (^f France in the middle of the tltxr Je 
//•y, witli the motto, " Lon^ live Louis XV.'" 

G. A trophy adorned witli British arms, drums and 
inverted standard ; niotto, " Spoils of our foes," over 
which was Fame riving, with a laljel from her trumpet, 
"America shall be free!"' 

7. Britannia sitting in a disconsolate position point- 
ing to her hrolcen spear, saying by a lah>el, "Alas, I've 
lost America!" Mars standing with his swcu'd extended 
over her and saying per lahel, " Ive hiAnibled her!" 

8. America in the figure of an Indian with his boAv 
and ari'ows, and the British crown lying at his feet. 
Mercury standing b.y hiu) with a laurel crown, saving, 
per label, "The laurels thon hast won." 

The celebration at iSordentown closed with a grand 
ball iu the evening. New Brunswick had a curious bon- 
fire inthe evening; sixteen tar barrels, supported by 
sej^arate poles of great length, all set on live at the same 
time with a large 'piantity of c'>mbustil)les around the 
tallest poles. 

In almost every town the celebration was commenced 
l)y divine services. At Js^ew JJrunswick tlie services were 
in the Dutch Church, and conducted by a Presljyteriau 
minister, Eev. Israel Eeed. His text A\as from Ecc. 7:11, 
" In this day of prosjierity l)e joyful." At ^Voodljridge 
Pie v. Mr. Roe conducted the services. 

Tlie toasts in the various towns, Trenton, Princeton 
and elsewhere, were very pertinent. 

HOW THE NEWS CAME — A WKCY. ArRC>SS THE OCEAN. 

Prt)visional artick-s of peace l>etween Great Britain 
and the United States were signed at Paris, NovMUiber 
20, 178:^, to g(^ into eri'ect when a treaty l)etweeu Franco 
and Great Ihitain should be agreed ujxm, which was 
done January 'iD, 17^;), but not to go into ctfect until rati- 
fications were excha.!ig(Ml. This took 'place Felnaiary 3, 



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312 HISTOliY OF MOX.MOU'JH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

1783, aud as soon as it occurred our Freucli frientls were 
intensely anxious that a French ship shouhl he the 
bearer of the hrst news received in America. Laf.iyette 
and Count D'Estaiiig determined to liave a v:ar ship 
started at the earliest possible momerd. It would not do 
to send a ship by way of the Cdumnel or Xortli Sea, as 
the treaty did not atiect vessels there until twelve days 
after February o, anJ their ships mi^ht l)e intercepted. 
But D'Estaiui;' had ai» immense new tieet of sixty war 
ships just fitted out to aid m attacking England. It was 
determjued to send one of this tieet. then lying at Cadiz. 
at the farthest extremity of Spain. By the time the dis- 
patches were prepared, sent to the ship, and tlie ship 
fitted for the voyage, over two weeks had elapsed. On 
the 19th of Feln-uary she set sail. The name of the ship 
was the " Triumph."' Perhaps Eafayette and DT'^.staiug 
selected her because of lu'r name t(j carry the triumphant 
news. Her captain was the Chevalier du Quesne. The 
anxiety was gre;it tiiat she should get the news to Phila- 
delphia before a British shi]:) could carry the news to the 
enemy in New York. In this our French friends were 
gratified. The En^'liv^li sliip did not i'(.^;icli !New York 
until April 4, Avhile the " Triumph," after a passage of 
thirty-two davs, readied the capes of the Delaware, when 
the ca})tain went ashore and started an express with the 
disjiatches, which reached Phihidel}ihia at '.• o'chx-k o!i the 
morning of jiarch 23, ideating the jjritisii nearly two 
weeks. On Wednesday, Mareh 'lij, the X^.'" •/-/•.v-y 
(T'/2t-tfi, at Trenton, published the news under the head 
of "Peace, Lil)erty and Independence. ' 

It is doubtful if the Trenton .V*//' (rar^tdt*: of ISfio. in 
pubiihhing the neus of Lee's surrender, spreail so much 
joy as did its predecessor by the nev.s in its issue of 
March 20. 1783. 

]!. Smith was ])Ostm;ister at Tienton then, and rlie 
dJspat(dies came, pr<i])ab|\-, to his care bv .James ^larti)j, 
who was ])ost-rider bi'tween I'hila lelphia an(i I'reiiton. 
There wei-e no ]iost-ntlices then in Barliniitdn oi- .ALcn- 
mouth. Joliu \'an Kirk, of Cranl)en'v, an ex-Shej-iiT of 



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HIGH PRICE FOR A .M0N:\10UTH BOOK. olo 

Middlesex, was a post-rider on liis own account from 
Trenton to Allentown, Freehold, Middletowu, etc., and 
similai" post-riders carried tlie old J^e": Je/--^c// (ra.irttc to 
East Jersey, Newark, Morris and elsewhere, and great 
joy did those post-riders bring to every town and home 
witli the news. 

In most of the celebrations of peace in New Jersey 
the three prominent toasts Avere ; " Febrnary 3d," date 
of Peace; "April lUth,"' Battle of Lexington; " July 
4th," Indepemlenee Day. And these three memorable 
days wei'e coiDmemorated in one. The thirteenth toast 
at Princeton ex])ressed tlie idea of all : "May the recol- 
lection of the IDth of April, 177."), the 4th of July, 1771), 
and the 2d of February. 1783, pi'ove a terror to tyrants 
and oppressors tliroughout the world." 

Of course the finale of the war had not yet come. 
Evacuation F)ay, November 25, 1783, when the British 
evacuated New York, was perhaps the last act in the 
eight years' war. AVliat a fearful contrast between the 
distress and de^,p,iir of the liefugees in New Yr>rk, wh')m 
peace had ruined, and the joy of the Patriots! 

HIGH PIHCE FOB A ^FONMOUTH BOOK. 



Philip Freneau, the popular poet of the Be volution, 
issui'd fr(jm his ju'ess at Blount I'leasant, .Alonmoutli 
county, in 17'.'~i a volume of his ijoems entitled: 

1'()j:.ms, 

Written befwotu the years 170S iiu.l IT'll, 

By I'hiijp Fkeneai", of New Jcrsiy. 

.\ new eilitii'n, vovIkciI mul cni-ri.cteil liy tlie Autlnsr, 

Iiicludiug a e».lK.■^i Itiuljlc LKiinln-r uf ]iieces nevi.r Ik fore imljlislied. 

Aui'ai indu coliorx ste/lis f plurthiix iinua 

Arlua jiiiniinlilos hiHi' iid a 'Ira ciij')il. 

N, J. 

Printi',! at tho Pitsh of the Aiulior, at >r0UNT PLEASAXT, nrar MHinLE- 
TOWN I'DINT : M,I)C(\XCV -. hiuI of Auuri.au Iiulrii.'ii.lf'iicc XIX. 

Over the T^atin motto is ;i jivramid ot' fifteen stars — 
the pyramid of liftecn Aiii'Mifan States. L'here are other 
editions of his po^ms. but this one is so rare that it is 
highly jiri/c^l by ;mti([rin) ians. Our attention has b(H"'U 



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• /loo.i iiri(>ir/.'»i/. /. 



31-1 HISTORY OF MOX^rOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

called to this Ixjok l)y the fact that in a rocont Loudon 
bookseller's catalogue a coiiy is advertised for sale ; 
price, £3.10s. (about seventeen dolhirs. ) A leading- Ameri- 
can dealer in, and iui})orter of rare and curious works, 
generally char«::;es a customer here forty cents for every 
shilling a book c<jsts in London, tc) cover risks and profit. 
This would make this book cost an American purchaser 
twenty-eight (h:)lhirs I But this is not the highest price 
this work has been, held at. A friend found a copy in an 
antiquarian bookstore in Washington a few years ago, 
for which the dealer asked some forty odd dollars, but 
finally got down to thirty-five dollars I 

Philip Freneau married Miss Eleanor Formau, 
daughter of Samuel Forman, a wealthy citi/en of the 
county. Colonel Jioiiathan and Denise Forman, men- 
tioned in the historical sketches of the county in connec- 
tion with Revolutionary matters, were her brothers, and 
General David Foi-man Mas a cousin. Both Mr. and 
Mrs. Freneau ai'e buried at Mount Pleasant. He died 
December 18, 18o2. 

The following account of his death was })ublished in 
the ^Iininiouth In j" >/•</■ at the time : 

■' ilr P'reutau was in the \ilhvjt', .lUil stavteil towanls evfuiiiij tu go 
home, nlioiit two miles. In attti-mptin.L; to go across Ijp ai)]>t'ars to lia^p got 
lost and mireil iu a bog iiieadow, where his liteles^, eori>s was iliscovered 
yesterday. Captain Freueiin was a stanch Whiy in the time uf the lii-v.^ln- 
tiou, a good soldier and a warm ]iatriot. The ]ir<)dm'tions ot his pen ani- 
mated his countrymen in the ilaikest days of 'T<'.. and the evasions uf his 
muse cheered the despundin'^ soldii r a< he I'oimht tli.- battles ot; freedom. 

"Of this poet, frnm whom Tlmmas Camplxdl and Walter Scott did 
not hesitate to jilagiarizc : whom the greatest English critic compared tv- 
Gray and who wrot*- piects that Sc^>tt learrieil by heart, one i>f which he 
pronounced 'as tine as anythiut.' writtiii in the tuulish language,' is a 
man of whom Monmouth has a reason to be I'rnud. He was tJie intimate 
friend, of leading Americiin statonn'n for nearh' two gcneratinns."' 

AX A?,U^S1NG STRATAItEM. 



The Jioted Commodore Percival, v.ho died a few 
years ago, familiarly naiued " M;id Jack IVrcival,"' in the 
early part of his iiav.al career was the hero of an adven- 
ture on our coast, w hit-li i.> tlius described by a pa];)er 
pulilished in New Y'.nk at the time : 

" ( hi Suudav morniiig, Julv4, bSp!, the fishing smack 



AN AMrslN(; STUATAGEM. 



ii: 



' Yauliee ' w;is liorvowed 1)_v Cnmuuiilore Lewis, -who luul 
coiainunJ ()f tlie American llotilla stationed at Sau.ly 
Hook, for the })UV})<)se of takiuLi; l)_v stratau;eni tlie .->l>)(i]) 
* Eagle,' tender in the Poictiers 7-1, cruising oil' ami on 
Sandy Hook, vhich succeeded to a charm. A c;df, ;i 
sheep and a goost; were pui'chased and securetl on deck. 
Thirty men, well armed, were secreted in the cabin and 
forepeak. Thus preparetl. tlie ' Yankc^e ' stood out of 
Mosquito Cove, as li' going on a fishing tri}) to the l>anks; 
three men only being on deck dressed in lishei'meu's 
apparel, with buff caps on. The 'Eagle,' on perceiving 
the smacic, immeiliately gave chase, and after cc^ming up 
with her and tinding she had live stock on board, ordered 
her to go down to the Commodore, then live miles dis- 
tant. The helmsman of the smack answered, "Av! ay, 
sir!' and ap}>areiitly }»ut u]» tin- helm for that |)ur]^(jse, 
which brought hiiii ah)ngsidc the "Eagle,' \u)t three } ards 
distant. The watclnvord ' Lawit-nce " was then given, 
when tlie armed men rushed on deck from their hitling 
j)laces and poured into her a volley of musketry which 
struck the crew witli dismay, and drove them so precijri- 
tately into the hold that they ]iad not time to strike the 
flag. Seeing the enemy's deck clear, Sailingmasier l^er- 
oival, who commanded the e^vpedititui, ordered tlie men 
to cease from tiring, upon wliich one of the men came out 
the hold and struc]; the 'Eagle's' colors. They had on 
board a tliirty-two pcmnd iirass howit/er loaded Avith 
canister shot, but so sudden was the surprise tlnv liad 
nc^t time to discharge it. The crew of the 'Eagle' con- 
sisted of IL Morris, master's mate of tlie Poictiers, AV. 
Price, midshipman, and eleven seamen and marines. Mr. 
M(uris was killed, ^Ir. l*rice mortally wounded, and one 
marine kilit d and one wounded. The ' j'lagle." witli the 
]>risoners. arri\ed olf the Eattery in the aftei'noon and 
landed the ])risoners at Whitehall, amid the shouts and 
plaudits of thousands of spei-iators assembled at the 
]>;iitery to c(dtdti;ite the anni\ersar\' of independence. 
Mr. Morris was buried at Sandy Hook wiili military 
hoii(_)is. Mr. Price was carried to New York, where on 



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31G HISTOKY OF MOXMOITH AND OCEAN OOUNTIES. 

TJiursdav lie diod, and \v;is l.uiied with military cere- 
monies in St. Paul's cbuvcliyard." 

A traditionary vtn'sion of this ai'tair, as related bv 
the hite Judge Job F. l\an!h>l])h, of Barnegat. says that 
Percival wished to mah*; his boat ap])ear as a market 
boat; that he placed one of his men on a seat close to 
the bulwark disguised as an old (>uakerish looking 
farmer, with broad-brimmed liat and long stalf'in hand. 
wliile he looked like an ignorant Ixxn- at the wheel, and 
by his answers made the Ibilish think he Avas half-witt(Ml. 
AVheu ordered to dro]) alongside, under threat of being- 
fired into, he made a silh reply to the efl'ect. "You had 
better ]iot try it, f(n- dad's big molasses jug is on deck, 
and if you broke that, he wouhl make you sorry for it." 

THE SKIRMISH AT MANAHAAVKEX. 



At one time it was rumored that the li\fugee. Cap- 
tain John Bacon, with a ])art\' of his niarauders, was on 
his way to ]Manaha\vken, on a plundru-ing ex[>edition, and 
such of the militia as couhl In- nocitied. were hastily 
siimm(.)ned togi'ther at Captain Eandolpli's house to ])re- 
pare to meet tliem. The Ija^ndlul of mililia remained on 
the alert the greater ]>art of the night, but towartls 
morning, tinding the eiu^my f.iiled to appear, tlwy con- 
cluded it \sas a fa.lse alarm, and r'^ired to sleep, after 
stationing sentinels. Traditimi says that the sentinels 
were statinned on the main road, two above the hotel, 
and two l)e,low, and that on one [)ost were Jerennah JJen- 
uett and Job Jbindolph, and e)ii the other. St-tli CraiK' and 
Samrud B.uiuett, and that vJaptain Ji:nidol])h su])ei'in- 
tt'inled the lookout. 

riie Ik 'fu'.; ■^'- cain;'doa-u tli ' ro id from the noi'th. 
and till- tirst intimation the seiitiueU stationed nea)- the 
oM !;apti>[ <-hui-e!i havl of tliei]- api>r(-ach, wa., li.^aiii.g 
tlii'ir liayoiifts slrike together as thoy w.^re maicldiiL''. 
I'll-- s'litiui'ls jialu- 1 long enough to ^-i- tijat tie- pavtv 
was .piitr larg<\ <l,)ulil.' the numb.'i- of the militia, and 
tiring, ran ai'ross t!ie helds to -ive the alarm. V>\ the 



^' •■! 



THE SKUt.MISll AT MAXAHAWKEN. olT 

time tlie few nnlitiu v-ere uroiised. the llefugees were 
abreast of the ]ionst% and Ijefore the Americans coiihl 
form, thev were tired ii[Hni, and Lines Pan;L;l>urn hide.!, 
and Sylvester Tilton severely wounded. The militia 
were compelled to retreat down the lane lief ore they 
could organize, when, lindinu' the llefugees had the 
larger force, and were Avell armed, they were reluctantly 
compelled to decline pnrsitiug them. The Piefugees 
passed down the road towards A^ est Creek. 

Tilton, who was so severely wounded, recovered 
almost miraculously, ;is the ball passed clear through 
him, going in 1)y one slioulder and oitt at his breast ; the 
physician, as is well authenticated, passed a silk hand- 
kerchief completely through the wound. After the war 
was over, Tilton removiMl to Colt's Xeck, wln-re it is 
believed some of his descendants n<»w live. lanes Pang- 
burn, win) was killed, Vv'as probably the same pei'son who 
aided in organizing the Baptist church at Manahawken. 
was the lirst delegate to the Gt^n-.-ral Association, and 
also the man referred to so very kindly l)y Piev. John 
Murray, as "' Esipiin'"' l*angburn. 

Sylvester Tilton always believed that a Refugee 
named lb-ewer, was thc' man wIkj weran^led him. .md he 
ve)wed to have revengt^ if he should ever meet him. 

Several years aft*-r the war closed, he heard that 
Bi'ewer was at a certain place, and he started after him 
unarmed, though he knew Brewer was always well pro- 
vided Avith \vea|)ons. He found J]re'.ver and closed in on 
him before the Piefugee could avail hiniself of Avt-apons. 
and gave him a most unmerciful beatiiig; it woutld prob- 
ably have fared woi'se Math ib/ewcr l)ut for the iiit;}-f"r- 
once of a much esteemed (^)aakei- named James \\ ill.-ts. 
After 'J'iltoii ha 1 tinis'i • 1, h^ told Biew-'r. " You >coun- 
drel, you tried to kill nn- once, and 1 have now settled 
with you for it, and youxc got to leave here and fojlov\- 
the rest of your gang.'" The rest of the Pefagees had 
lied tv> Nova Sc( )tia. 

After the war the w idow of Jara'S i'anelntrn a.pplicMl 
to the court at Freehold for rtdief and tht^ following is 



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318 HisTonY (iF M<A".ArorTn and oce\n countif.s. 

a copy of tlie rerovel in tlie Clerk's office : 

"To the Honorable Court of (^)uarter Sessions to be 
lioldeu iu and for the county of Monmouth. Whereas 
L. Pan^l)urn, a niilitianian. an inliabiiant of Staftord, 
under command of Captain .Joseph liandolph, who was 
shot dead as lie stood on guard, by a party of liefugees, 
on the thirty-first day of l)ecem])er, 1780, in the pres- 
ence of Sylvester Tilton (who was shot througli with a 
bullet at the same time) and Ileuben llaudolph, both 
being sworn and affirmed before me, Amos Pharo, say 
the above facts are true. 

Sylvester Tilton, 

I EeUBEN PiAXDOLPH. 

Amos Piiako. 

XoM' the Nvidow of him, the deceased, by the name 
of Ariii Pangburn, prays that your Honors may give lier 
some aid for her su])p(jrt as she is blind and in low cir- 
cumstances. 

The Court allowed her half uav." 




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IJ^^TTI^K MOXUMt:> 



T, FltKllHf^I^^I^- 



)20 HISTOIIY OF MONMOUTH AND OCKAN COUNTIES. 

THE BATTLE :\lOXrMENT. 



EFFOltTS TO ERFCT IT. 

In 1840 ;ui(l ill 1851 s^iecial eftoris wore made io ac- 
complish the erection of a nionnmeut to coinmemoraLO 
the Battle of Monmouth. The lirst step taken was tiie 
publication of an aJvertisement in the Mu/nnoutli In- 
qn'u'</' of June 18, 181<i, and was as follows: 

MONUMENT 

ox 

MONMOUTH BATTLE-GROUND. 

^F*HE citiztiis of ]\Iuiiiiioutb county, who are in favor of takinc,' measures 
J- to erect a nmnunient to eoniuieun'rare tiie Buttle of Monmouth, arere- 
questcil to meet in the Court House, in the village of Freehnkl, on SAT- 
UliD-VY, the 27th inst , at ;5 o'clork, P. M. 

JOHX Hxi.L, 

William H. Bennett, 
Enocu Cdwakd, 
D. V. M( Lean, 
A. C. McLean. 

J. B. TUKOCKMOETON, 

H. D. Poi.HEMrs, 
B. F. Randolph. 
Freehold, June IS, lS4n. 

Next, a copy of the 'Uemocrni of July 2, 181G, con- 
tained a report of the proceedings (^f the meeting as 
follows : 

MONU.MENTAL MEETINCl. 

A call for a meeting of the iuhahitants of tiie county 
of MoniiK'Uth, to take measures l:o erect a monument in 
commemoration of the Battle of Monmouth, having l>een 
published in the Ereehold })a})ers, a numlier of persons 
mot at the time appointed. 

Enoch C<3v*a)'d, Sen., was called to tlte ciiair, and A. 
C. McLean ajipointod Secretary. 

The object of tiie meeting was stated by Piey. D. V, 
McLean, audi remarks made by J. B. Throckmorton, B. 
Connolly, Bey. A. I\Iarcenus and others. 

The following resrdutions were oilered by D. B. Mc- 
Lean, and ado])tod : 

1. /iV.so/(.-^ii, Thii it i^ the iliity of n Ljrateful posterity tri commeir.orate 
not only in th.-ir !if,-frts, hut hy suitoble nn^nuui.'nts, the iioIjI.; (U-.-ils of 
their fathers, and the iiiipintant events in their histury. 

2. I!r.s<,lv'<!, 'Hint amn/ig tiif i)ii{)i>rtant events e>f oar lleviiluti'iuary 
struggle, the Battle of Alomuuuth should never be forirotteu. 






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THE BATTLE MON'l'MEXT. 321 

3. Rf>r,!ved. That vre lu-li^ve tin tiiin"' Las fully come when the citizens 
of Monmouth county shonlil Tiniti- ;in(l ore;'t a suitalile nuumnieiit to com- 
memorate that i'ujiortaut event. 

4. Tifsolccd. That the procceilin:,'s of this meeting ho puhlishcil in the 
FreehoM ])a|)ers. 

Tlie meetiu<^ tlv^ii ;i(ljonniod to man in the Court 
House on the -itli day of August, at 2 o'clock, P. M. 

From the Monmouth Inquirer, August C, 184G. 

MONUMENT MEETING. 

Tlie adjournofl meotiug, called to take into further 
consideration the ]n'opriotv ami importance of erecting a 
monument to designate the ground and to coramemr)rate 
the Battle of Monmouth, convened in tlie court room, 
durino- the recess of court, on Tuesday. A consideralde 
]iuml>er were present, aim)ng whom we noticed some of 
our most estimable and influential citizens. The nu^eting 
was tem|)(^raril_v organized l)_v the a]i})ointment of Tho3[AS 
G. Haight, /-"/vx/./'c///, and Amzi C. ALcLeax, Escj., >V'7V/- 
f(f/'t/. It was, therefore, iletermined t(j organize a per- 
manent association to lie called " 77"- MoniiKiutli ^Lnnn- 
hi.::if A.ssorhttiuii.'' for the accomplishment of this 
purpose. A constitution was then offered by Key. I). T. 
McLejin, which was takeri u}), section by section, and, 
with a ftiw imnniterial alterations, atlo])teel. The otlicers 
of the association are a President, one Vice-President 
from each township, a Treasurer and Secretary, and a 
committee for tlie circulati(ju of subsc-riptions and the 
collection of funds, consisting of three from each towu- 
sliip. The contribution of ./?'/?// <■< nf.'< will constitute an 
individual a member of this associ.ition. When the 
monument is erected, the organization and the proceed- 
ings of the association, with the subscription books 
containing the nann's of those v,lio shall ccnitrihuite 
towards the erection, will be })laced securely in the base 
of the ^lonumeiit, thm-e to remain until some convulsion 
of nature or the destroying hand of man sliall prostrate 
it with tlie earth. Thus by conti'ibutinii; tifty cents the 
name of each individtial ^vill l)e transmitted to posterity 
down to the latest atres. The followinii; are the names 



T o}fii '>;ir./ nj 



322 HISTOltY OF MOMvlOCTH AND UCKAN COUNTIES. 

of the })erma]ieut ottic-ers aud couimittces of the associ- 
ation : 

J*rc6i(/t?it — Thomas G. Haigiit. 

Yire-I*/'c.'ii(h.iit.s — James S. Lawrence, Esq., of Up- 
per Freehold ; TJunnas M. Perriue, of Millstone : James 
W. Andre^vs, of Freehold; William Little, of IMiddle- 
towu ; Lvttleton ^A'hite, of Shrewslnirv ; Halsted Wain- 
right, of Howell ; Samuel i\ Dnnluun, of Dover; Edward 
Allen, of Jackson ; John Meirs, of Plumsted ; Samuel 
Birdsall. of Union ; David W. M( >ore, of Staii'ord. 

Treai^iTcr — Thomas H. Arrowsmith. 

^ecvidarij — A. C. McLean. 

I pj^er FruJioUh — Thomas Miller, John Cox and 
Augustus Ivius. 

Mtlhtone. — William P. Forman, Pev. Charles F. 
Worrell and Joseph J. Ely. 

Frrthvhl. — Po'oert E. Crai^-, Enoch L. Coward and 
Samuel Conovor. 

MuhJid>),rn.—V>x. Edward Taylor, Aslmry Fountain 
and Daniel Hc'lmes. 

Slivewmurji. — Thomas E. Combs, Dr. .Inhii P. Couo- 
ver and Jti-m^^s Green. 

Jloicell. — Dr. Pobei't Laird, John S. Forman and 
Andrew Sim[)Son. 

Jojk^uii. — William Alien, A\'illiam Francis and 

Horner. 

Dovci-.—^x. Lewis Tjane, Anihonv Ivins, Jr. and 
David Jeffrey. 

Uri'ton. — iTohn Tih.)n, William Piidsall and Joseph 
Holmes. 

xSyc(/f'//''/.-Sam\ud M. Olipliant, John Willits and Dr. 
A. G. Haukinsmi. 

THE ^njVEMEXT OF 1851. 

The movement of LSol, referred t«:», took no definite 
shapi:-. It originated with 3Iajo]- S. S. Forman, of Syra- 
cuse, New Yink, a native of Monmouth, and Vviio went 
ov(;r the hattle-tichl tbe day after the battle, being a't 
that li'iie only thii-teen years of age. Ila})peuiug to fall 
in with a strav copv of tlie JJoiiorr^'t it revived ohl recol- 
lections, and he wrote the editoi' a letter, vhicli was 
publjslicd, iu which iie referred to the mo^emeid of 184G, 
and iiri/eil that a monument oui/ht to be erected on some 



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I.... 

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K[sT()];y of iwv: hvitlk mommknt oii'.iani/.ation. ;!2.'; 

s.put in or adj.-U'eiit to tin* villnj^e, wJieie it would 1)*^ of 
f-asy access To visitors. 

The letier excili'd soiup interest, and was the sr.ljjVit 
of a ^'ood deal of discussion thi-on<j;hont tlie coun'*.v, and 
one f^'entlenian, Mr. A\ illiani T. Sntjdiin, who then owned 
the parsona;^e farm, went so far as to oii'er to i^ive four 
acres of j^round on the hi<j;ht^st ])art of the farm, and 
one thousand dollais in moupy towards the erection of 
the monnmerit, l>ut as no ste})S were taken towards 
''•rganizing tlie movr'nient, the wlnde matter t^'ralu.dly 
faded out. 

HISTOItY OF THE BATTLE MOXEMENT ()E- 
GANIZATIOX. 

Tlie final nrnvemfMit toward the erecti())) of the 
nioiiunient was niadt- in respons<^ to an a(hlress dtdivei'ed 
l)y ex-G(A"ernor J(h'1 Parker, at Ereeliold. on the ninety- 
ninth anniversary of the hattle, Jiine i?S, LS77. A iiveli- 
niinary meeting for the ])ur})ose was held Septenih'-r 17, 
and the M(~>nmonth 13attle ^ronumt-nt Association was 
organized ()ctol)cr "2, JS77. At this meeting (lovernor 
Parker was elected ])r<\sidcnt, [Major James S. Y';u'd, 
secretary, an<l a uencral committee of three gentlernen 
from cavdi town>!ii]> iii Moumontli conntv selt-ct<d to 
}u-ocnre the funds necessary for the erection (^f tlie n;.)nii- 
ment. The peojile of the State, and especially- 'of 
Momnouth cmmty. durini;- the years 1878, 1.^7*.* and 1880, 
contriliuted neaily slO.OOO to this ohjtn-t. On Eel-ruarv 
2, ]S7S. tlu' association acce})ted the otter of a plot <«f 
land, to he called "Monument Park. ' in rreeliold., as a 
gift fr(un the heirs of Daniel S. Schanck. Ou Mav 7, 
1S7'S. the association was incorporated under the jn'ovis- 
ions of an "Act to iiicor])orate associatimis for th-^^ erec- 
tion and maintenance of m(inuments and st;itues,'' 
ap])rf>\ed ?>far(di V.K 1>^78. TIk^ same presi(h^nt and 
sci-retary weit^ re- elected, and Mr. dohn 13. Conover made 
treasuier. ."Major James S. Yard, Theodore AV. Morris, 
•Limes T. Lurtis. John IT. L.aiid and Hal Allaii'e, the 






,u> 



3*24 ^]^^T(Jr;Y of mon:.iouth and ocean counties. 

excM'iitive and linauee couiinittee. The corner-stone of 
the nioiiuiiient was laiil with ^Masonic ceremonies, .Ti.ne 
28, 1878, in the prost'nce of (.rovernor Geor;_i;e B. Mc- 
CieUau and a hirme ninnber of distinguished ^'uests. The 
deed to the park was i)resented l»y Mr. Theodore AV. 
Morris, represeiitinj^ the estate of D. 8. Schauck. 
Addresses were delivered hy ex-Gttvernors Newell and 
Parker, by the Hon. S. S. Cox, Mr. E. W. Throckmorton 
and Generrd Henr_\ I>. Carrini^ton. The State of Xev: 
Jersey, by an act of March 14, ISSl. appropriated 
810,000, and ijlaced the work under the cliaroe of a 
commission instructed to select a design, contract foi . 
erect and hnisii a monument in the park at Frt.'ehold, 
where the b.ittle commenced, June "js, 1778. I'nder this 
act the ^Monunumt Association selected li\e trustees- Mr. 
Theodore W. Morris, Major Jann_^s S. Yard, ]Mr. .lames T. 
Eurtis, ^h. Hal Allaire and Mr. Jolai J3. Conover — to 
represent them in the newly-created State commission. 
The State otlicials to represent the State on this coui mis- 
sion were the President of the Senate and the Speaker 
of the House of Assembly ; Hon. Edward J. Andeison, 
Oom})troller of the Treasury- ; Genera! Lewis Perrine, 
Quartermaster-(b-neial. and (deneral William S. Sirvker, 
Adjutant-General. On April 0. 1881, the coiunussion u.is 
organized l)y electing; Hon. Garret A. Hobart, President 
of ^the Senate, to be |)resident of the c. immission : Hon. 
Harrison "S'anDuy'ie, Speaker of tlie H^use of Assem'olv, 
and Mr. Theodore A\ . Morns, viee i)residents ; ('olonel 
Edwin Y. A|)plei;-ate, secretary, and Mr. Jcdin Ji. ('ono\er. 
Treasurer. Governor Parker, President of the as^oeia- 
tiou, was invited to be present at each nu'etiu^: <'f tln^ 
commission, and assist thein by his advice and c()unsel. 
The commission, at this meetin;L;-, also ordered a deed to 
be executed to the State of Xew Jersey fo}- Monument 
Park. The Congress of the Enited States passed a law, 
a])provetl July 0. l8fci'2. tijraiitin^- an a}i])r()]iriati(>n of 
S'2(i,()0() for the j)urpose of completinu' a un munient. A 
I'oMimittee on desii;!!, consisting- (A Mr. TJieodon- W. 
^I'uris, Hon. I'ldwai'd J. Anderson. General liouis I'er- 






.' s ' 



histoi;y of thi: battle ^roxr.MEXT onr.ANiZATicx. 32.") 

riue, Genoml Vrilliam ^. Strvkpr and Mr. Hal Allaive, 
ou October 10, l.'^S-2, invited tlie submission of desis^'ns 
and specilieations for tlio battle nionnnient, and on 
Marcli 2, 1883. the desi^-n executed by Enielin T. Littell 
and Douglass Smytue, arcliitects, and •]. E. Kelly, sculp- 
tor, and exhibited by Maurice J. PoAver, of Xew York 
City, was accepted, and a contract was awarded Mr. 
Power, of the "National Fine Art Foun^lry," for its 
erection, for the sum of s3(;.0()0. On :^d'ay 1), 1883. the 
services of Mr. Edward E. Eaht. architect, were secured to 
superintend the construction oi the monument. Hon. 
Garret A. Hol)art, President of the Senate, was elected 
president of tlie commission, and Hon. John T. Dunn, 
Speaker of the House of Assemldy,. and Mr. Tlieodore 
AY. Morris, vice presidents, for the year 1882. The 
officers of the commission for 1883 Avere Mr. Theodore A^ . 
Morris, president, and Hon. John J. Gardner, President 
of the Senate, and Hon. Thomas O'Connor. S]">eaker of 
the House of Asseiid)ly, vire-presidents. In 1884, ]Mr. 
Morris was re-ehn-ted presidcjit of the commission, with 
Hon. Benjamin A. A^iil, President of the Senate, and 
Hon. Alfred V>. Stoiu-y, S[ieaker of the House of Assem- 
bly', vice-presidents. The otlier otlicers of the commis- 
sion continue at this date the same as first elected in 
1881. 

TKr.STEES OF MOXMOl'TH l^ATTLE .MOXT'MEXT ASSOCIATION, 

IbS-i. 

l'ro.-,iiIeLit, JiiKL r'Ar.KK.r;. 

Vice-rresidHUts. Chiliox lidPiiiNs. D;;. ItonEKX Laikh. .Tohn .S. 

APPLEIiAlE. 

Secretiiiy, .jArMK.i S. Yaud. 

Treasnrei, Jhun i^. Cdnovek. 

Trustees, Tliinddrt W. ^Morris, Edwin F. Appltuate, James T. Bnrtis. 
John H. Laii-d. Levi (4. Irv.iii. Hal Allaire, Jae.-h Stnlts. Thomas Field, 
Daniel P. V;'.7iL)..ir..'ii. William If. ircudriel^v.m. Pr. S, II. Hunt, Thomas 
]5iirro-.vi-s, Jaiius A. llrudli'V. William L. Terhnnt-. 

Moxr.MEXT ^o^L^^TssI()^'. isse 

President. TuFuno^iE W. Mi,i;ki<. 
Vire-Pr.si(hnt. Hon. J;. A. Vail. 11.. n. A. j;. Stonev. 
Seei-ftarv, I'^dwin F. .Vpteeoatk. 
Treasurer. John B. CdNovEi!. 

Trustfvs. Oi-n. Lewis Prvrinc (iin. William S. Stryker. H<ai. ]•;. J. 
Anderson, .Maj. .lai.i.s S. Yard, Hal Allaire, Jam.;-. T. Bur'tis. 






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o2() ijiskjiiv or .mo.n.mol jh and oci'.an coixriEs. 

MONT.ML'NT PAllK. 

The |);u'k comprises ihrtH' and a (|uart('r acres, 
eligiljly lucatcil dii a coinniaiuliiiL;- kuoll, a short (list:;iice 
from the main street of the town, and the tith- fur the 
same is vested iu tlie State. 

DUXOKS OF THE I'AltK. 

Mrs. Mai;y A, S HWiK, Mk. Amii;f.\\ H. Sihwck 

Mes. Theo. W. .M..i:i;is. .Air.. J)anif.l .S. Schan< k. 

Mi;s. .\li(e C. S(i!\><-:;. Mk. (ii-oiiiiE Iv Schanck. 

l-it•il•.■^ 111:' Daiii.i S. SrlKiuck, ilp''c;.>r,l, 

INVrJKD (iCESTS. 

The liumher of tickets issued to invited j^aiests was 
six huiidre-d and twenty-four ilii^ii, wliieh were dis- 
tributed as folhiws : 

The Prebideiit ef tlir rnilfd St:ir>/s ;iu.l his C ibiiiet. 

The GoverU'-ir ef tbt- State et Xtu" -leisfv. 

The snrviviirj .-x-l ;<i\criuii-s <it New -it iNt'v. 

The (Tovirmus ni tli.' .-MVtniJ St.itfs ni thL I'liidii. 

The Jiidieiary ami State Ofrici-is nf Nt-w ■hnsfX 

The Uuiteil States SeOatul-s 1im;ii New .ii-vstv 

The Coii-res.'-iiiual I'eiir.'Sintaiivis freiii N'f-w Jei'scw 

^liiiistf! iroiii (-rVrat livitaiii. 

Minister frem Fiain-e, 

Minister freni (iennauy. 

The Senate ef the State 111 N,-\v Jcrse'v. 

The General Asse;iil'ly ..f the State nt'New Jt-rsey. 

The GoveviinrVs Start. 

General Ortieers ef the (ieuera' .Society of the < 'ini-iuu.ati. 

The Nev Jersey So.-iety ot the (.iiieiiiuati. 

Odieers of the 'Gr.aiul I.oihj.' ot Fre,_- Masons 

The New Jer.-t-y Historical S. >cii ty. 

The ^Monniourh iSattle Aloumii' ut .VssociatiMii. 

The Moninontli liattlc .Mi ai'Ui!.':it ('Miniiiission. 

Ex-Otlicers of the rilounioiitL Fatte- .M^nnnient i ■oniuiissioii. 

The TreiUon Mounintnt Assi.riatii>n 

iJescenii.inis of ('olonel IJaiDM y. 

The Ijoanl of Chosen FreehoMers -.aul other ')iii,-(rs of the e'onntv of 
Moniiionth. 

The iJoanl of ('. .lu.idssion, vs of the Town (,t Fr^eholil. 

The l)"iii'rs of Moimnu tit I'avk. 

The ( ontra'-t'irs .mil .\rehiteels of tie' Alonmnent 

The roi'.c- CMiiiUiission. rs of flu- Cities of New York ami Fhilail. Ij.Lia. 

The Orators at theLa\in^ of the Corner-stom- of tie- Monnue iit in 
1n7s. 

The Clergy of the T.'Wi; of Freehold. 

N(VncE J'o 'Idd. iTVlC SOCn.TIES OF THE STATE. oF NEW 

•lEIlSEY. 

The unveiling of the M<»iimouth i^attie ?iloiiumeHt 
took })hiee at Freelio!(h N. J., Tliursdav, X(jvemher l:;. 
ISSl. 



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HISTOKY (>f Tin: ];A'JTI.K .MONr.MKXT OllGAXIZATIOX. '.Vll 

Three luimlred .dkI lit'tv (."(oUi seats wert^ oc(.-n})ieii ;ii 
the banqur^t jn'ovicL'tl ]iy tiie coiiiiiiittt'e for thi^ iuviti'(l 
j^uests. 

THE ]'i;()('ESSI()X. 

The jiroeessioii t'onniMl oulJroiid stn-et aiiil mavclicd 
through the |)riiici}K'il strci'ts. It was rt-viewed l)y CIdv- 
ernor Abbett. who, with his statt' and a nuiuber oi 
dignitaries and distingiiislied visit' )rs, ()e(*u])ied the re- 
viewing stand pn et(Ml by the county in front of thi' 
court house. After the review, (-i-overnor Abbett and 
stall", and all tlie otficials on tlu' stand, joijied t]ic 
liriK'Cssion as it inarc-lu^d up Court street to Monument 
Park. Tl.ie c-om))lete }n'oces«ion was eoni]3osed as 
foHows : 

Grand .Marslial. Major Jann-s S. Yar(h and Marshal's 
aids. 

Provisional ]>rigade. X. G. N. J.. ]>t. -Uajor-Generai 
AViliiani J. Sewell, roninian<]ing. and Bri^adt- Stall". 

Fourth Pegiimrit. X, G. N. •]., Colonel Dudley S. 
Steele, (ounnauding, Field and StatT. 

Firsi iv'^giinenb X. (K X. J.. Coloncd Fdward A. 
Campbell, commanding. Field and Stair'. 

Seventh Regiment, X'. G. N. J., Colonel Ilichard \. 
])onn(dh', "(jmniandin;!,^-. Field ami Stall'. 

Cbitling Gun Company J), Captaiii Piobert P. F'-ken- 
dorf commandirig. Two gniis drav.ii by b.orses. 

Third B.-giment. X. (b X. J.. Colonel Flihu H. Po|.e>, 
oommanding. Field and Staff. 

THE ro:'.:.\[iJ"j'EE or ai;j;a\:(;eme.\ts. 

The Monument Association,. The ^.lonument Com 
missicjn. The S.'uators and Pei)re.->ent;itives and Pn'prf- 
sentatives-clect of the Con-^u-r-s of tlie Fnitcd Stab's, 
The Society of the (^'incmnati. The tiraiid J-^odge of Vvc^' 
OTasons. 

Hon. Lr-on Abbett, GovPi'nor of X'l^'.v Jersey, and 
Governor's staff. 

^rajor-Cre-n'^ral (u'rshom Mc^tt, Comnjaudant of tlio 
Xational (rnard of Xew Jtuscy, ;in 1 Staff, and J)i\isio;! 
Staff. 



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328 IllSTOUY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTII.M. 

Bt. Major-CrHueral Joseph W. Plume, CoiniiiaiKlaut 
Second ]3rii;;ule, X. Ci. N. J., and l*rigade Stall" 

Ex-Cioveriiors of New Jevsey and (Ioahdiois oi (^tlier 
States, The Jndieiarv o( New Jersey, Tlie Stah- ( )lHeers, 
Members aaid ^lenilun'-elei't of the New Jersey Le^i^.hl- 
ture, Tlie l\everend C'ler.uy, Other Distin.i;uisii'<l (!in>sts. 
The Board of ('liosen Freeludders, Tlie SIm-i'iII' and 
County (Jtiicials. The Board of Comini^sioiieis of the 
Town of Freehold, The T(nvnshiji OiFu-ials of other 
Townships, Kniekerbocker Lod-e, I. (). of ( K I''., ^fata- 
wan, Wasliington Engine C"oin])any, Matawan, Other 
Civic Societies, Citi/t'iis and Strangers. 

THE CEREJtONlES. 

As soon as the ju-ocession reached Mouiiiii'iit Park, 
the ceremonies of unveiling were proceeded with, and an 
invocation of the ]Hvine blessing was ()treieil li\ Kight 
lleverend ]>isho]) Searbcirough. 

Bisho}) Scarborough first read a jxution of the 
fourth i-hapter of Joshua, showing (b^d's saiieiioii oi the 
setting up of memorial stoues. 

At the close of the ])rayer. President :>rorns formally 
presented the nionuuK iit to the State of New -irrsey. 

At the conclusio]! of this r.ddress the c<,i<l uas di';iwn 
by the President, releasing tlu:' dr;i]K^ry of ih.' bronze 
bas-reliefs, the military presented arms and a i-aiii;oi! on 
an adjoiniii'j; liill tired a (/ontineuiai sabit^' "I thirt*'e!i 
guns. 

ACCETTANrE OF J'til': MONU31EN l'. 

Governor Abbett, on l.elmlf ui the St.i!.- '^( NVw 
Jersey, accepted the moiniment in an aporoj)! i.jIi' s|ieerh. 

U])«)n the conela^ion oi his spetH-h. Oo\ .1 nor Ab- 
bett iidrodueeil Jndge J();-l Parker, ex-( roM'riior ot the 
Sbite of New Jersey, as the oratoi- of the (hiv. who made 
an olocjuent and ]>atrioti(' addiess. 

AVhen the oration of Judgi' Parker was ti'.iished, Bev. 
rvli'. Maddock pidnounced the Ijeiiediction. 

At the close of tlie ceremonies at tin- moiuimeht, a 
nation.'d salute of thirtv-eight guns was tircvh 

Tweiity-iive to thirty thousand peie^»ii-> wer.' |>rescnt. 



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OCEAN COrNTY SOl.DlF.llS IN THE LATE WAIi. '.Vl\^ 

OCEAN COrXTY SOLDIERS IX THE LATE AA AK 
OF THE llEBELLIOX. 



CO:iirANY D, NINTH NEW JEESEY VOEUNTEEES. 



Thomas AV. MidillHton, Captrdu, commissioned Oct. 

22, 18(')1 ; wouiulod at battle of . Ilesit;iied Sept. 

11, 18G2. 

Ed^uar Kissain, Captain, commissioned ])ec., 18r)2 ; 
dischai'^^ed on acccnint (>!' (lisaldlity Eel>. 17. LS(i.~). 

Amos H. Evans. Cnptrdn, commis.siojied Ai)iil 22, 
180."); mustered (nit -Inly 12, ISi)."). 

George G. In^ns, 1st Lieutenant, commissioned Oet. 

22, 1801 : Kcsi-iied Aug 27, 1802. 

Cliarles Hut'ty, l^t Lieutenant, commissioned J_)t-r. 

23, 1X02; promoted C,-i])t;iin. Co. I, July o, lS(U. 

Josepli C. Bowlvcr, 1st Li(-utenant, commissi. >iu-d 
July 3, 1801; mustered out July 12, 180)->. 

Andrew J. Elbersoii. 2d LitMitenant, eommissiont'd 
Dec. 23, I8(i2; resigned May 30, 18()3. 

J. Mailison Drake, 2,1 Lieutenant, commissioned 
June 3, 1803; pronn)ted 1st Ijieutenant, Co. K, April 13. 
1804. 

Edward H. Green, 2d laeutenant, commission?d 
Jan. 11, 1805; promoted 1st Lieutenant, Co. C, -lune 
22, 1805. 

1st SERGEANT. ML'STEHED OET. 

Jesse 1\. Hulsart. Se'i)^ 23. 1801 : July 12, 1805. 

SERGEANTS. MUSTERED (JET. 

li^din X. Penn, Sept. 23, ISOl, July 12, 180."'>. 
Jol, L. Cramer, S('])t. 2:!. Is0)l : Jnly 12, 1805. 
T!:om;is Hazleton, Sr"])t. 23,1.^01: July 12, 1805. 
XicUolas S. Chanqiion, Sept. 23, IsiJl; July 12, 18('!5. 

(■ORE:)RAES. MUSTEllEl) OFT. 

(rin>ert H. H.-yers, Se].t. 23. 1801 : July 27, 180.5. 
William H. Shai]!. Xoveiub-r 1, ISOl ; July I'.t. 
1805. 



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HISTORY or MONMOUTH ANI.> OCEAN COUNTIES. 

'oi;i'Oi;als. mustered (jur. 

ivid Ililoy, Se})t. 2o, INIJI ; Juu.^ 2:!. ISli:). !r;irul<Ml 

•r. ) 

ivid C. H;u,kiii-, .Spj)t. 23. LSC.l : .Tuly 12. Isor). 

niJHUiiu A. lloL^ers, Soiit. 2:;. ISOI ; July 12, lS(;5. 

hn Emc-ksoi), Sept. 2:), ISdl ; July 12. ISH."). 

•hu Oakersoii, February 2'.), 1804: July 12. ISii."). 

Im Siegel, Au.^ust 1.",. lS(i2 ; June 14. iSC)."). 

larles Sepp, Auj^ust 18. 1S()2 ; Jinn- 14. ISO."). 

MUSICIANS. .MUSTKRIJ) (»UT'. 

ipoleou r.. FitliiaH, Sei)t, 2:i, 18(51; July 12. 18(;.>. 
illiam B. Conldin, Sept. 23, 1801 : July 12. l8(i"). 

W.\GONER. MUSTEIiEl) OU'J'. 

illiam H. Peek, Sept. 23, 1801 ; July 2-1, LSO.'). 
riavATEs. 

ENROLLED. .MUSTERED OUT. 

Iiarles Areher, Sept. 23, 1801 ; July 12, 180)."). 

"illiam Arm.-,trong, Sept. 9. "04 : June 14, 0)."). 

e(-rge Bejitty, February 2'.*. "04; Julv 12, '0~>. 

uox Beciiler, August 1-'), ■•■)2 : ■huw 14. "0."). 

'illiam H. Beebe, April 10, '05 ; July 12, "(i"\ 

icholas Bohr, Mardi 21, C"): July 12, 'O)-"). 

aul Bowers, Fel))-u-;ry 24. "O.j : July 12, "C).'). 

ainnel Briuley, Frebruary 2'... '04; July J'.'. '(Jo. 

nlliam Browu Sfpo.-iiii)e'' 2;!. "01; 1 )eeeiuljL-r 8. (>4. 

WUiam H. Buuueil, ()etol)er 1. "Od ; June 14, "(i5. 

^'^m-y A. CMmhurrj, S.-pt. 2:;, "0)1; December 7, '0;1. 

*'lm Cameron, Mareli 8, "0."); -luly 12, 'O."). 

'karles V. C'halVy. S( p.tenib.r 2:!. "01; July 12. "Ok 

;ii"es Claik, Sei)teiuber 2:1, 01 ; Au-'ust 2:;, "0.") ; dis- 

|''1 from Wurd Hospital, Ne\Nark. 

^"tev Clark. MareL 8. "01; Jn.ly 12, 0.'). 

i'^nry ("laylnlj, .^Llr^il 10. (;")': July 12, "O.".. 

"I'li A. ClavO;-;, J.aiaary 2, "04 : jiilv 12. "o:^. 

'•I'll M Clayton, Scjaeuil-.r -3, 01; July 10, "03. 

^aae ("(.liiib;. :\lar.-li (i, 03; -Inly 12, "O."^. 

^^u-fiie A. Crane, S,.ptoui!..-)- 2;;. "01; July bJ. "0"). 

Uobert Crossle\., Mav 24, "01; Febiuarv lo, "O-". 



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OCEAN COUNTY SOLDIKIJS IN T\]K LATI' WAII. 



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ENROLLED. MUSTEHED OUT. 

• JSamuel Pnv. 3[arr}, -J',). 'C.) ; July ll>. ■(•.."). 
Cliai'les l^enuis, ?\I;\rcii (1. "t»."t ; July I'l. "(>■"). 
William Di^iuiis. St.pt. i>;i, C)! ; Julv li), ■<;.'). 
Tiinotliv DriscoU. April ;>, "t;.". ; .Tuly T-l. 'i\r,. 
Fuller i'.. Enicksoii. Marcli S, "G.') ; July 1-J, "('.5. 
Horace G. ]*]rricksi)ii, Scjit. "2:;, "'il; ()ct. L"), "(il. 
Francis Fai;au, April <». "(i."); July 1"2. '(')'). 
Eniile Frauck, A]>iil l'->, '('>~)\ July 1*2, 'li"). 
Charles Fuclis. Au-usl -H). "C.-i; Julv 1:;, "(•.."). 
Hauce H. (iant. January -k "tJJ; July 12. "(i-"). 
8te}>hen Iv. (iant, Januaiy 4, '(J-l; July 12, "()."). 
Charles H. Gartdu, ,Marrl. 7, "n."^: July 12, "0.1 
Simon (k^inu'r, May 5, (i;! ; July 12, "(»5. 
Samuel (Toodfellow, June 12. "()2; June 1-1, '05. 
AVilliani H. Crrfi;nr\-. Xo\eml)er 1. "01: Nov. 4, "01. 
Cornelius Crovrr, March S, "0.>; July 12. '('>'->. 
Samuel W. Haiikins. Mart-h. S, '0.3; July 12, "(;"). 
AVilliam HciJer, Api'il 11. '0'): Julv 12, "0."). 
James Hulsr. Sej^itembcr 2:!. 01; July 12, "0."). 
Samuel Hulse, Fcbru.u'y 2:;. '01; July 12. "0"). 
(i.irret V. Uyers, S.'ptenilier 2:!. "til; -July ID. "O"). 
Isaac M. luman, Se|itcnil)i'r 2:!, "'il ; O.m . S, "04. 
Oliver P. Innnui, Feln-uary 2.t, "0)1; Julv 12. 'O.l. 
A\'allace Irou-^, January 2, "0-1; June o, "0."). 
Noah E. Jrlfivy, S.-pt. 2:!, '0,1 ; DecPinliHr S, '04. 
Al)ram J. Johuson, .Ir.nuary 2, "(M; Mav 27, "Oo. 
Charh^s A. Johu.Non. Spj>t. 2^!. "01 ; .Vu-ust ^Jl. "O-") 
disch;u-i;>M.l I'lom ^\ arvl Hosjiital. Ncw.n'k. 

Thomas C. Joslin, FclM';iaiy 2l», "0,1; Julv 12, "0:>. 
John KcUci', Sc]U!unl)i'r K", '01 ; .Fuly 12, "O-"). 
Au^nist KiiH-iincr. March 27, T,.", ; .July 12, "0.",. 
l>enjamin V. \j:h}()\\\ .Vpial 11, "Oik .July 12, "0."). 
Charles M. Ff v.-y. S;-j,t 2:;, 'Ol ; Dc-. S, "(U. 
Josc])ii FoNt'less, Si-pttMnhi-r 2'!, "0,1 ; Si-pt. 22, Oh 
Frank F. Alailcy. March 0. "(;.""); July 12. '0"). 
J.-imcs v. :\ratth.-u.^. l■^-l^ 2:). "(51 ; Jun-.- 7, "0,."). 
William W . :Martiii. l\'hiuai\- 2'.». "(Il; July 12, "O-l 
^^'illiam :\i\41vaii!c. l''.Oruaiv 21, "0,.""); Julv 12, "f"-.').. 



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HISTOKV OF MONMOUTH AND ()0]:aN COUN^i'IK?!. 
ENROLLED. .AlUSl'LKED OUT. 

David :N[cKelvv, Se])t.-aili(M- "ia, '*;i; .Tuly 12, Co. 
Jolm S. McKeivv, Fobruaiy 'I4~, '04: .lulv 12, 'I)."). 
Joliii W. MeKelvv, F<^bruaiv 21 Ol : July 12, '()'). 
James Neal, Main-li 2, '();") ; 'luly 12. '(')'>. 
Isaiah Ncn-cross, Maveli 2, "(J."); July 12, "(J."). 
Joseph OiikersoiJ, September 2:-, "(il: July 12, "tl"). 
JaiUBs Falnier, S^ptenib?!" 2S, "(il; July 12, 1)5. 
Samuel E. Peiin, FelD'uaiy 2'J, '(U; July 12, "(*)5. 
James M. Pettit, September 2:5, 'r>l ; July 12. 'cr). 
Charles Phillips, May :]1, JiJ; .Alay 27, '(5.5. 
Charles P. Piobiiison. :\ray HI. '(\^ : July 12, "(i."). 
Charles W. Poll, I^ebruavy 24, ■«'>:>; July 12, "('..l. 
Edwiu AY. Savage, AjU'il P), "(')•"»; July 12, "(i."). 
HeiD-y Sleiclier, August 1"), "1)2; August 11, "d5; 
liarged from AYai'd Hospital. Newark. 
Ezekiel Shinu, Septembei- 2.'!, "I'd ; July 12. '*».'». 
AValker Sihipkius, Ajiril 11, "(i.") ; J idy 12. 'uo. 
James Siu)i)Sou, April 11, "()5; July 12, "•»."). 
Joseph M. Smith, Marcdi »'». "t).">: July 12, 'i'to. 
Thomas Spencer, Apuil 11, "(i.") ; July 12, "('.."). 
Frederick S}nlngcr, Peljru.ary 2S. T).") ; July 12. "<)•'). 
David Terry, April 11, "il^ ; July 12. li"'). 
Peter Their, September P>, "(il : Dc-cendu'r 7. "'iJ. 
Charles Ij. Tiiton, roV)ruary 20, "(il: July 12. "(i"). 
Ernest Traiult, August ^')., "ti2 ; .Vugu-t 22. "li". 
Charles AV. Truax, Sc^}ttember 2:!, "'il ; July 12. (i."). 
William I^. Truax, January 1. "'ii : July 12, "ii5. 
Edgar Yantilburg, S^ptemb.u- 2J, '»il ; July 1'.', "(i"). 
Jacob Walter, Ssjitember 2;), (il ; Jun- 14, "ti">. 
DanielWe.stcott, Fel)ruary 24, (i-V, July 12. "(io. 
Ivins Wilbur, March S. "(i.! ; July 12, '('>'). 
Jesse M. Wilkins, Si^A. 2:1, "(il ; DccMiib-n- 7, *(i4. 
Jacob Wirtz, September 2'J, "(i4 ; June 14, "(i-l 
John Zimmerliu, Septemb,.r 2:!, "(il; July 12, "(i"). 

LNrtOLLED. DISCIIAllOEl*. 

Joseph AY. Craumer. ('..rp.oral. Sept. 2:1, '(il ; at 
'ton Aug. i), '(i4, for wounds receiv(Ml lii action. 



.l.-f T 



OCEAN' COUNTY SOLDIKliS IN THE EATE WAU. "^Vo^ 

ENKOEEEI). DISCHAEGEl). 

Jolm AV. iJarclay, Private, Nov. 1, "01 ; at Bcautovt. 
disability. 

George IJeatty, private, Sojit. "i:;, "Ol ; at Caroline 
City, X. C, disability. 

George lleimer. Private, Septeuil)er oO, '01; at New- 
bern, X. C, disability. 

Ei'iiest BieLL Private, August Is, "1)2; at De Caiuj) 
Hospital, David's Island. N. Y.. September u. "<)•"). 

Charles Brindiey. Private, September :!(». '<')1 ; .it 
Trenton, October 'Jo, ■<')! ; disability. 

William B. Claytcn, Private, St-pternlier -i:). '01 ; at 
Beaufort, June 1, '0.5 ; disability. 

John Cornelius, Private, September 'l'-\, 01 ; at An- 
napolis Hospital, Mareli o, <>'2; disability. 

Hiram Craft, Private, Sepieinber •^M, '(il : at Caroline 
City, X. C, May -J;!. '(V.> : disalulity. 

Henry A. Hariranft, Piivate, October ■^, "t>l : Novem- 
ber 19, 'f)2, to join Pvegular army. 

William H. Hurley, Private, September -i:;. "(il ; at 
Hilt(m Head, S. C, 3Iareii 17, "<'.:! : <lisability. 

Oliver P. Inman, Private, SeptPml»er -io, "I'd ; at St. 
Helena Island. S. C, Mareh 17. ''■')'■) : disaldlity. 

Barzillai JtdiUson, Priv;it'^ September -I'.'), '0)1 ; at 
Xewbern Hos])ital, ^lax 12, '('>'■): di>.ability. 

John J(J.iiison, Pri^at.^ Mareli *J. '01; at Xew York 
A])ril 14, "O."); disability. 

Benjamin AV. Jones, I'rivate, Septeml)er 'l'-'>, "Od ; at 

Xewport, X. ('.. June 'i;!, "02 ; disabjlitv. 

Wesley B. X(ncros:,, Private, September 2:), "<;l ; at 

Xewbern, Mav 2S. "ti;! : disability. 

Th-an.is S. Bandolph, Privat.% September 2:;, "01 : at 
AVard Hnspitab Xewark, Si^ptember 2:5, 'Oio ; disability. 

James H. P<.biu.-.(>!i, Priv.ite'. September 2'i. "0>1 ; at 
Beautort Hospital, February 0, '0.'! ; disability. 

Jolm Trautweii), Private, September 2-"), "<')1; at 
Ward Hospital. Xewiuk, pebrua.i'y 11, "O:; ; disaOility. 

James Tiuax, Private, Seott'mber 2:>. til; at Ni^w- 
bern June 2:>, "fj-i; disability. 



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33-1 HIS-J'OKY OF .MC'N.'NKn'TH A\l> OrF.AX COrNTIKS. 

EN!;o] ]J:d. DISCHAllGKlt. 

■ Georti;o li "Wortli, Private. S('|.teiiibfr '2:!, "(51 ; ;ii 
Army Hospital, Xewaik. September ('), "O'J; wonmU 
received iu action at Koaiioke Island. 

Jacob Yeniiy. Private. Septfiiil>er '1'], "(',] ; at New- 
port, N. C. Parraeks, July ];». 'Vd ; (lisal)ility. 

Matthias Zipfel, l^ivate, An^'iist (i. "(ri ; at Xewbern. 
June 10, "(».■) ; disability. 

i:m:oljj:i). 'rKAXsFF.jntKD. 

Jaiiies Johnson, Cor[)<n'al. Sr'pttMnber 'i-"i, "(ll ; to vet- 
eran Reserve Corps, Jaunary 2, "()4; dischar^od there- 
from Se])tember '!'■], 'i)4. 

Edwin A|)j)lei^att\ Private, March S. "('4; toComp;un- 
! E; diseharged IMav ^5. '(i."). 

Franeis E. ]3eatty. l*rivate, Septpnilter -l'.), 'iW ; to U. 
S. Navy May :}, "()4. 

Charles lUandt, Private. September 'l'.), "(ii; to 
Teteran Pveserve Corps; dischar-fMl September "24, TU; 

David Prawer. Private, Fe-b. ^C*. "t)4 : to Coaipanv C. 

WilliaiM Push. Privat(\ Mai-eh "i^. "().") : to Coin])anv C. 

Benjamin P. Candmrii. Private. Si'jitember 2:;, 'Ol ; to 
Veteran Peserve Corps; dischjirgt-d Sept.'Uibr-r 2P "ill 

Charles P. Camburn. Private, September 2:5. "<*)!; to 
Yeteran Peservt^ Cor[i>; dischari!>'d Sept"ml)er 21. "'I^. 

Francis E. Cambn.rn, l^ivate, AL-ir. 7. "lU ; to Comp y ( '. 

"William P. Cai-r, Pi'ivate, ^rarcli 2:'.. ■(')•"';: to (.'o. F. 

L'^avid S. ("ai-tpr, I'rivate, Match 2:i, (i.") ; to Co. F. 

Jolm P. Chadwiek. l^rivatc. Feliruary 2'.t. "i;!: to U. 
S. Navy; discdiarged Oetober 11, "Oi. 

Henry A. Clwinger. Private. Fd). 22. "tU; to Co. C. 

Henry Councellor. Ihivate, !\Iavch 21. "t;.") ; to Co. Iv. 

AVilliam H. Craft. P)iv.Ue, Mar(di 2:5, 'i'>~): to Co. F. 

Jose[)h C. Elhu. I'livate, September 2e. "(Jl ; to Vet- 
eran Peserve Corps; diseharged September 2o. '(ii. 

Dani(d E. Eiv. Private, February 2-"). '(U ; to Co. C. 

Samuel P. Caston, Private, February *.), "OP, to "^'et- 
erau Peserve Corjis; di^i-iiarged So])tf'mber 2:!. "()4. 

Heniy- Hewitt. Private. Septendn^- 2:!, 'td ; to V. S. 
^•'^vy ; disvdiarged .September -i, C).'). 



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OCEAN COUNTY S01J)li:i;s IN THF. J.AIK W.\i;. 



KNiioi.i.KD. ti;ansff.ki;ei). 

David A. Joliusou. rrivat-^ Soi)t(^uil>er "iM, "dl ; to 
"N'r-toraii IJeserve Coj-p.^ ; discliaru'ed S M>'t'iiil)er 'J.'), '('A. 

AVilliaui F. Joliiisoii, Private, F«d). -^i;, '(ii ; to Ci\ C. 

James Mel^ouald. Private, Feb. Lk ■(;.",: to Co. I. 

Juines P. MeJvelvy, Private, March ^. Wi.: to Co. I. 

William H. Moore. Private, Pel), 'li), 'iA: to Co. C. 

J()se]>li Niermai), Pri\at'\ Aiiuust 14, "(i'2; to Co. K. 

Samra-l \'. Xorcross. Private, J-\-l). -.l). "(li: to Co. C. 

Heurv AV. Xutt. Private. Pel). P), 'CA: to Co. 'G. 

Abi'am A\'. Osborii, Private. Peb. •!{'>, '{'4: to Co. A. 

Jjeiijaiiiiu ()sl)or!i. Pri\ate. Feb. 2'.t. (il ; to Co. F. 

Jolin AV. Peiriiie, Private, Se})teinber 'I'-k (il : to 
A'eteraii Keserce Coi'ps ; Jiscliar,:;-eil S\^pttMnl)er "Jo. "(U. 

Tvlee PveyiiokU, l^rivatc^ February '2'). Oi: to Co. I. 

(leor^e A\ . li(\^ers, Coi-[)oral. September "JM. "(il : to 
A'eterau Peserve Corp.s ; (liseliaru'ed September "Jo, 'fiP 

Andrew .]. Steelmaii. Piivate, Feb-. -iO. T,! ; to Co. F. 
- Patri-k Tracy, Private. Feb. 'ir,, 'r>4: U) Co. K. 

Ferdhiaiid Westermau. Privat ■, S -piembn' lo, "(il : to 
Yetcrau Pe.ser\e Corps; discharged Se])tember P), "(li. 

Syd)iey Worth, Private. F^^b. -24. "(Il : to Co. C. 

Jesse L. Peiim^tt, S-rgeaut. S.^[)temlr'r ■_'.■). "(il ; miss- 
ing in action at Orury's J3hiif, A'a., May Pi. "(i4 ; died in 
Anderson\ illc prison, Febniarv \1'k "(i5 ; ci^mmissioned 
Lieut. Apiil P'l, (il. but died bef(,)re muster. 

Charles P. Smith. Corpora]. September 'SA, '(>! ; killHl 
in action before Petersburg. Va.. August b"). '(i4. 

]3enjamin V. Ciale. Corporal. ]\[arcli 1. "(i'2 : died in 
Anderson ville ])rison Aumist lo, "(i4. 

Benjamin L. Homan, Corporal, Septembe]' ^^i. "(il ; 
died in Andersonville prison Fel)rnar\' '2~\ "(i"). 

Edward ( d. Ashton. Private, S']»tem'l)f'r '2'.>, "(il ; ditnl 
of tyi>hcid fe\er at Carolina (/ity, X. C.. Se].tend)er lo, "(i.'J. 

Josepli Vtfer^oii. Se})tfmbiT -j:;. "(;i ; v,-ounded in 
action at iioaiiol-.e Island ainl difil in hosj.ital, Xewliern, 
May],^i-i. 

ISlichael Pab'st. ().-tol)er 11, "til ; -lied in Amler- 
sonville ])rison August b"). "(id. 



HISTOHY OF MON^rorXII AND OCEaX rOFNTTES. 
ENi;OLI,EL». • 

a;i ('raunier. SeptcMilx'i- 'l'\, "(51 ; dicnl of typli(->iil 
Xewlieni. A]n'il I'i. 'i'ri. 

el H. <T;iut. -Tanuarv 4. "<U ; dioJ in Aiulorsou- 
lisoii. Angiist 'I'l. 'i)'l. 

1 Hulse, September 'i-'!. (il ; AVDuiiileil in ar-tinu 
fj) Creek. Va.: dieil in liospital. Portsmouth, Va.. 
S. '(U. 

)raliam T. Joliuson. Sept(Mnl)O)' '2'-\. "(il ; diml in 
.iiiiville ])rison. Deeenilier 'if). "04. 
iiathan E. Johnson. Januarv '2. '()4: died of di- 
i. Fortress ^louroe, Anuaist "2".*. "(i4. 
lomas P. Johnson. March 1(}, "(14 ; died of fever, 
ss Monroe, A})ril 7. '()4. 

iiry Laehat, September "io, "(H ; killed in action 
ni, March 14. "(ri. 

leb H. Mount. SepteniV)er '2H, "(il ; died in Ander- 
e prison. Septeml>er 9, "(i4. 

hert S. Xutt, Septendier '2'.\. "(51 : killed in action 
p Creek, Va., March 1. "(il. 

uniel Osborn. Seiitember •J."!, "(il : dieil of consump- 
ewbern, June 4, "(i'i. 

?urv H. Philli]^.s. Septeml>er 'I'-k "(il ; wounde<l in 
at lioanoke Island and died at P^eaufort }Ios]>ital. 
H'v 14, "(i;;. 

ibert ^Y. Polhp)nu>. January -2, ■(i4 ; di.-d in Ilebel 
Charleston. S. C. Sejitembcr 2:i, "(i4. 
exander Peed. September 2:!, lil ; died in Ander- 
? prison, Sej)tember 9. "(;4. 

mes H. Pobinson, A[;irch 9, "(i4 ; wounded at 
Ihu-.o;. and died from wounds Au-ust 19. "(il. 
lUiam H. Po--ers, January 14, "(i4 ; died of ty])lioid 
'Kingston. X. C. March 29. "(i.".. 

<"\Y ^. Piulav. September 2.'!. "(il : die.l at Xewbern 
•A -bily l(i."'(i2. 

'iJiiiand Schilling. Au-ust 2.'), ■ti2 ; died of diarrhoa 
^"ih Va., July 27. "ti4. 

liii P Steebnan, Seyitembfr 2:!. "(il : wounded at 
"i: 'lied April 12. "(i2. 



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OCEAN COUNTY .>>(.iLl)ir,i;s IN THE LATE WAl;. 'A'.lt 
ENr.OLLLI). 

Joliii J. Street, .Jaijuiirv 4. "(14 : died in Aiuloi-sonvillo 
prison. Se})toiiiber 1. l>S(i4. 

Eliliu Tiiulle, July 17. '&! ; died of fever, White House, 
Ya., June "Jl, "(i4. 

Martin ririeli, Septeniber 18, "(51 ; died of diarr]ni}a 
Portress Monroe, October 9, ()4. 

Jolm Vantilbnr;^-, September •"). (il ; niissinu; in action 
3Iarcli 7, "(55, supposed to lie dead. 

Eecaittul vTioN : Total nuniljer of otficers ami men, 
two hundred and sixteen. Of these twenty-three men 
were discharu-ed, thirty-siN. transferred, twenty-nine ilied. 

COMPANY F, FOUUTEENJ'H NEW JEESEY VOEUNTEEItS. 

lialph 1). (rowdy. Ca|)tain, August '20, "(32; resigned 
Se])tember o(>, "(5;!. 

John C". ]-*atterson, (.'a[itain. Oel:ober 5, '63; pr«,>- 
moted Major, January 'is. '(J."), aiid JJrevet Lieutenant- 
Colonel aiul ('.)ionel. •• for meritorious services during 
the war,"" March IH. (5.3. 

Yincent II. ]\[arsh, Cajitain, January 30, '(')~i ; mustei'etl 
out June Is, "(5."). 

Samuel C. I>ailey, 1st Lieutenant, October 5, '(53; 
promoted Captain, Company H, August '.), "(54, Yice- 
C-qVLain S. If. Stults killetl in action at M)n(jcacy. 31d., 
promoted L-ievet ^iajor ()ctol):-i' 1!). "(54, "for grdlaut and 
meritorious services in the tield during the campaign 
before Iiichnnnid -diul in the Shcaandoah A'alley,"" to date, 
from Octol>er 1'.), "(54; to be Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, 
"for gallant and meritorious services before Petersljurg, 
Ya.,'" to date, from A])vil "2, "(5.3. 

Oarvis Wanser, 1st Ijieutenant, Auunist 0, "(54 ; 
transferred to Company B. 

Barton Applegate. 1st Ijieutenant, January 3'), '0-3 ; 
mustered out June Is, "(5.3. 

Benjan)in r. Patterson, 2d Lieutenant. October .3, 
'(53; resigned .Vpril 1, "(51. 

Charles li. White. 2^1 Lieutenant. D.-ccmber 1, '(54; 
transferred to Company <b as Captam. 






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HISTUIJV or MONMOUTH AND OCEAN »orNTir> 



AViliiani S. (';r:io\oi', :l] Liputi'uaut, Januavv 'MK "ti.") ; 
mu^^teved out -Jiwio ]S, "(;."). 

James (.'hatlVy, l<t S-r^-paut, Au--iist 1"). 'i'd: 
})roniote(l Lieutenant. C'onipany K. 

AVilliani H. Ijec-oniiite, 1st Sergeant, August l.~). '{':■•> . 
mustered out Jun;^ iS, '()."). 

Samuel (r, Hdl. SM-gi^ant. August lo, 'iVl; ]u-om(tted 
Lieutenant C'(inipah\ A. 

John Grover, Jr., Sergeant. August ].">, "(i^ : mustered 
out September 1"2. 'I '»•") ; lolilierattdy slmt l)_v tin- luJ^els 
after lie was t;ikeii prisonnr at I^4ersl)urg, April 2. "i)-"), 
nec(\ssitating anjputation of ;in arm. 

SEJ'.GK.VNIS. Mr'STEIiED oTT. 

Charles AV. Fleming, .\ug. lo. "(i'i : June Is. '(;."). 

Joseph Hankins, Aug. L"), 'iV2; June JN, 'Oo. 

cor.roiiALs. mustei;kd oI't. 

George H. ]3iyan. Vui. 1-"), "(i2 : June S. "i;."). 

Henrv r«.»well, .Vug. L"), (ii* ; June IS, "(;.■). 

Alexander J. Johnson. Aug 1>^. "(ri ; June IS, "Ci."). 

Josei)h H. Wriglit. Aug. Is. 'Cri ; June Ls. "d."). 

Edmund ii. ChatVy. Aug. l-"", frJ ; June Is. "(i.l 

John Heron, Auj,. 1"), '(>'j' : June Is, "C.."'). 

Sohnuon Southard, .Vuu'. f."), fi2 ; Juin- Is, "d.""). 

AVilliam A. I'arkfr, Aug. l"). '<)■_* : June Is. T;.',. 

Ihjderiek A. Clark, Aug. 1-'). T.^: disch.-ugr.d ;it lA- 
Can]}) Hos[iit.al, l),i.virs Island, New York h.arhor, 
September 11, "<>"). 

.(■OMl-ANV H, twenty-ninth NEW .lEIlSEV v< ir.rNTEr.i;s. 
ENJ;oJ,I.El). MUsli:i;El) (if J'. 

A]l»ert S. C!okt\ (,'aptain, Sr]'t. 1. 'i'd: June :;(», C,:;. 
Charles L. Kim hall, 1st. Lieut.. Sept. 4, "C.-j: : JuneiHI.T.;;. 
M. Perrine Ch'avatt, lM Lieut., Sept. 1. '(;2 : June :;i)yr;:;. 
l{ol)ej't Jiiu-Jis, 1-t Sergt.. Aug. 27. '(12; June ;;<), '{',:]. 
Cliarles J.,ofton, Stngeant, Aug. iil, r>2: June ;10. T,:;. 
Taylor G. AVainiight,S(Mgt., Aug. :)l,"»i2: June ;!(). '{',:]. 
iMMijamin L. haw r( le-e. S.n'gt.. Aug. ill. "'rj ; JuneoO.V,:;. 
John ^\'. Peterson, Sergt.. An-. 2'^. ■(;2 ; June :;il. "ti:;. 
ALehael I). Zau) i>,kie, Coi-pj., A ug. 2(i, '(i2 : June ."!(), '(;:!. 



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OCEAN COUM'V S<»].J»IKi;s IN THE EAJK V.Al!. 



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Sylvoster Hall. ("ur])l.. An--. '2~/'&2: Juin- ;;i». 'V)'-\. 
Aiuli'ow Sit-i'liiiaii, ('oipl.. .Vii^-. '2A, "(i'J: .Iuik- ."lo. "ii.'i. 
Isaac A\'(.rt]i. ( mt'.!.. Ah--, 'is, "(;•_>; .Jniu- :;i), "i;."!. 
Cliristiaii Xaeij:liii. C'orpl.. .Vni;-. 'iC). 'i\2: June :!(J. '{V.'k 
Geor-^e Zabriskie. Coriil.. Au--. •id, 'ii'J; Juiif iil). '<)."i. 
Levi Itet-ves. Corpl., Ann'. I'Ti, 'i'ri; June ."SO. T.;;. 
Cniailes R. Bumielj, ('<,ip1.. Aug. 17, id: -huu- ilO. T.:;. 
T!i()ina,s 13. Morse. ^Insicia];, Au^. •JCi, "ii'J; Juin- ;!(». 't')."!. 
Asa Tiltoi,, Waui'iicr, Au-. -^4. 'I'd: June :;(). T.:;. 
Daniel A[)}i]enate. l/vivate. An-'. liS. "til'; Juiio ;;(i, ■(;:). 
Gooi-e'e l>;iref()i(l. PnAate, Aiie-. i^M. 'i',2: Jujie ;;(). "(i:;. 
AVilliaiu Ueusmi. I'rhate. Aiiu'. 'i'^, "li'J; .luue iJO, "i;:;. 
Ferdiuaml IjertLoixl. I'i'ivaie. Auu'. •_*'.'. '('.•2 ; Juiie/Sn.T,:;. 
Bar/iliai I5islii|i. l*i-ivate. An--, 'io. 't'rl: Juno MO, C:;. 
Jose])]] ]5isiiij), Tiivate. S(|,;. 1. 'i'd : Jnue ;i(), "ti:'.. 
Micliael S. Bislii]). I'rivate. Aug. -Jl. '&I : June ;>(), "C.:!. 
Charles ])()r(len. l^i^nr^e, .Vug. 17. 'i'd: June IJO. T):;. 
Joliii Boxs;']'. Pri-sate, Aug. ;;<l. ''d: June ill), '(;:;. 
Hoinu's Britton, Brr^a.te. Aug. '.UK i'd: June -{O, ():-J. 
John Branson, rrivato, .Vu-. •JO. id: June ."iO, '(',:]. 

iCorpoval Aug. "iJ to Nov. 1, 'id.t 
Henry Broxvn, l^iivate. Aug. '2^). id: June 'M), "('.M. 
James Brown. Private. Aug. 'iS. 'id: -luue '.'AK '>•! 
Jesse ]Jro\vn. Puvate, Aug. :i(), id: June M(», 'iV.>. 
*San)uel Burk, Private, Au'j. 2>^. 'id June '.'A), 'iV.). 
F]-ancis 1-1 Caniliurn, i^-ivate, Sept. l.'irj; June .'JU.'iiM. 
Corlis Clayton. I'rivate. Sept. :], 'id: June :](i. O;;. 
Lewis P. C'onk. I'livate. Aug. 2'\. 'id: June ;!(>. "<»;;. 
Charles B. Cook. Private. S<-pt. 1, 'id: Jun.i :;0, ■(;:;. 
Samuel ]',. (Jurlis. I'livate. Aug. JO, '\d: June Jo. "(JJ. 
AYiiliam .1. {.'orlis. Private, Aug. JO. 'id: June JO, 'i'<:\. 
Duncan Cox, Private, Aug. "Ji;. 'id: June :!0, "(;;;. 
Samuel P>. Cranna-]', Private'. Aug. ■A)/id : June :;o. TiM. 
Samuel S. Ciannn-r. Private, Sept. '2, '\d: June '.\i\ "('J. 
A\'illiam heimis. Private, Vug. 2'J, id: Jun- Ji». A,;;. 
El)ene/er !)e A\'itt. Trivati'. .Vuu". -JS, trJ: June ;]0. '*;:!. 
John Doe.gheity, Pn\ate. Sept. 1, 'id: June Jo. ■|;:1. 
Ahial Kmi.'\-. Piivate, Aug. 21. ■t',2 ; -lum^ JO. ■(;:;. 
Joseph II. dil" son I'l-ivate. A iig. Jo, "t;2 ; Juiu; JO. OJ. 



.i-t t ;: 



;< .('•; .i,.r' . •••■ I'j '.k/ 



_■. I /.". '.I / ,"'. / . I 



;.) I-; vw'i. -v.' .1'; li'/ ■u.'-ri 



'. ;'J< ,1 



ii HISTOFiY OF MUNMOUTH AND OCEAN roUXJ-I]:s. 



M 



Iciiarles GoulJv. Piiv.-itr, An-. 2-'), 'iVl: Jmu^ :UK '(V.). 

Aslier Griiut. Private', Sept. 1. <>-2; June :!0. ■(>:». 
jTliomas P. Honlov, Privnte. Aui;-. '27, 'Cd ; Juno :;(»,'(;:]. 
I Edward Hoffniive, Private, X\v^. 'Js. "f)-i ; Juno :!0, "(;;]. 

John Pi. Irons, Private, Se])t. o. "t)"J ; June '-MK '">'). 

William H. Irons. Private, Aui;-. IS. "(ri; June :!(), 'C;]. 

Aiignst Jidius, Private, Aug. '2'\ '(>'2: June MO. '(');!. 

George Johnson, Private. Sept. '2, "<»"2 : June .'!i>. '{')'■'>. 

Josejdi B. Johnson, Private, Aug. :'>(), 'i'rl ; June :!<), "(i:). 

Peter Joliuson, Private, Aug. '.'A'l. "()2 ; June :!(>, '((o. 

Reuben Johnson, Private, Sept. 1, "()2 : June >50, "()3. 

Cornelius Kelly, Privatis Aug. :>V. 'i;2; June :><», "OH. 

William T. L^tts, Private. Sej^t. 2, ■(■)2 ; June :>0, 'On. 

William H. MeK<dvv, Private, August MO. ■()2 ; 

rjie 30. ■(;:;. 

George Messic. Private, Aug. 27. "t)2 ; June 30. '()3. 

Allen Morris, Private, Aug. 23, "(12; June >)0. <).■;. 

Samuel C. Morton. Private. Auuust 2S. '((2 : June 
'03. 

Joel C. Palmer, Private, A.ug. 2S. ■(;2; Juiu' :iO. '{]:]. 

John T. Penn, Private. Aug. MO. ■ti2: .luno :!0, 'iV.\. 

Samuel Pi. Penn, Private, Sept. 1, 'iVl: June MO, "()M. 

Augustus Pharo. Private, Sept. 1. "t;2: June MO, 'OM. 

Joel Pieeves. Private. S.-pt. 1. "(i2: J\inr Mil. "liM. 

Joseph Piidgwav. Private, Aug. 2ri. ■;'.2 ; .June Mo. "('):>. 

Stephen Ilidg\\a^, Private. Aug, 21). 02 : June MO, 'iV->. 

Porman lingers. Private, Aug. Mo, ■(■)2 ; Juno MO, "(IM. 

Mahlon liossi-il. Piivate. Sept. 1. "(12; June MO. "CM. 
I James Sopni. l^iivatc, Aug. 'li'). Cil: Jiine MO. 'iVA. 
I Isaiah StackiK.usf, Private, .\ug. 2t;, "02: June MO, (JM,. 
! Michael Staekhouse, Privat*^, Aug. 27. "02 ; June MO. "OM. 
j Miller A'annote, Private, Aug. MO. "0)2 : June MO, "(13. 
! Joseph E. Wainright, Private. August 27, '02 : 
line 30, 'GM. 

Orlando T. Wainright. Private, August 22, T)2 : 
nie 30, "(iM. 

Samu'd Weld), Private, Aug. 27, "t'.2 ; June MO. "O.M. 

Abraham Wdl.ur, I'l'ivat'.-, Aug. 20, ■(')2 ; June :!0. "(iM. 

Joseph Yates, Private, Aug. Is, [yj. ; June M(t, 'GM. 



OCEAN COUNTY SOLDlEliS IN THE LATE VVAi:. iUl 

'' . EN};OE[.El). DISCHAIKIEI). 

J, Williniu \. Esfoll, AV;i-(>uoi\ Se})!. "2, "l;-! ; April •;. 

J, -Go; disa1>ility. 

], Williaui H. J3ro\vii. Piivat.\ Aug. '20, "Oi ; at C;irver's 

tj, Hospital. AYasliiiigtoii, Jan. 7, "*):! ; (li>;aliilitv. 

Augnstiis F. ("aniburn. Private, August 'is. 'iVl; at 
Alexander Hospital. Fehruarv '2. "(io; disabilit}'. 

Ivins ('oiik. rvivate, August IS. 'i'rl: .it .[udieiary 
Square Hospital, ^A'asliiugtou. January '21, "(k!. 

Ezekiel ('. Gilnn'son, August "id, i'd ; at Army Hospi- 
tal, Washiiigtou, A]n-il 21. '('>'\: disaoility. 

Benjamin (liit'oi'd, I'rivaie. Seytt. 2, ■(')2 ; at Army 
Hospital, Washington, ^[ay '■'>. ti;i. 

Thomas Johnson. Frivat.^ A.ugust 27. "*)2: at Hositi- 
tal, Newark. Ft'hiuary 2S. '(',:■',: disanility. 

George AV. Jjuker. PriA-att\ Aug. 2:1. '(12 : at Arnn- 
Hospital. AVashington. .lanuary 1. "(»:; : disability. 

Charles ( ). Pahner, Private, August 2S. ■(12 : at Army 
Hospital, Washingt<)n. ^fareii 2, '(]:! ; disability. 

Jomtthan H. Penn. Private, September 1, 'iVi ; at 
Army Hos})jtal. Vv^ishington, February 22, 'i)'->[ disability. 

Loren;':(T Yates. Private, Auunst 17. "''i2; at Douglass 
Hospital. Washington. January 21, "G>! : disability. 

Clayton Hagerman. August 28, "02 : died typhoid 
fever. Belle Plains, Ya., April 12, T,:!. 

Michael Lautl'er. Sopti-mber 1, "*>2 : died typhoid 
fever. Belle Plains. Ya.. January 20, 'iV-'>. 

Samuel H. Osborn. September ;!. "()2 : died typhoid 
fever, T(uiallvt«~>wn, Xovendicr 2o, 02. 

IiECArriTEATioN : Total number of otlieers and men, 
ninetv-nine ; of the men eleven were disharged, one 
transferred, and three died. 

AirsieiAN. DISCHAJJGED. 

John E. Southwick, Aug. 1-"), "•)_ : June 2S, "Cm, from 
hospit;d al Annapolis. 

I'lUVATES. 
ENi;oLLi;i). MUSIERII) OET. 

deorgt' J. Apph'bv, Ang. \'k "02 : June Is, "i;."). 
("harl.'S S. A])plegate, Vug. f). "02 ; June IS, "0."'). 



> (■•-/■'ii') tj; .'j 

. "/■ J I 

. ; ) '.'ult.-fil' . •'■'<i I' -• 
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Ihistoky of MoxMorni and ocf.an coi'ntd's. 



ENROIJ.F.I). .MUSTEi;i:]> OUT. 

illiain L. Appiei^-ate, Sept. 0. '()4 ; Juno IS, T)."). 

'aarles ArclifT, Aug. 1 ">, "(IJ : June IS, "i;."). 

jharles P. Ju-nnott, Aug. L"). "(rj : (lisclL-irgoJ houi 

Hck City Hosp,ital IVfa.v lU, "(i.'). 
Im S. Bennett, Aug. L"), CrJ ; .Tunc Is, C),",. 
(Sergeant Xov. 10, T):!. t(> July 'M, 'i'A) 

bidrew (}. Bowers, Aug. l.~). i'yl: -Inno IS, "(i."). 

lark Bozartlu Aug. 1"), 'i'd: June IS, 'H."). 

yharles Brindley. Aug. lo, "<!2 : June Is, d."), 

olm F. Brown, Aug. 1"). (rj. : ilisdiai'ge'l Wileaington. 

Ho.si)ital, June 'J.i. "O."). 

abriel I'lianrixMiain. .\ug. '2, "(ii : disi-'iarged from 
erick Hos])ital, jJay ID, Ci."). 

Reuben C'liainl>erlain, Aug. !•"), i'rl: -InnH IS, T,,"). 
Eugene C. C'laytcni, Aug. l-"). iVl ; Jiine Is, '(;."). 
"William Clayton, Aug. -i*;, CI; June ]S, "C,."). 
John H. Cook, Aug. lo, "(ii! : June IS. "»••). 
Joseph Coo'k, Sept. lO, Of; Jime Is, '(i."). 
David P. Fielder, Sept. 7. '(U ; June is, C.'). 
Joliu \V. Fineli, Aug. 1.'), '^'>-2: Juiu' is, i;.'). 
Charles Hall. Aug. lo, TrJ : Jun.- IS, ■('.-). 
Henry Hankins. Aug. lo, (;•>; June Is. C."). 
Jacob Havens, Aug. I."), 'Cd: Jiiiii' Is. "(;."). 
Cieorgo Hendersoii, Octdn'r 1. ("-J : .lune is, C,."). 
James J). Herbert, Sopt. o, "(U ; Jiseliarged Jarvis 
'^pital, J>altiinore. June M, T,."). 
John Hopkins. Aiig. i.") id; June IS, "(;.">. 
•Samuel Ho])kins, August 1."), '\d: August s, ti.'^. 
Ivins Frons, August lo, "<)2: <]is(liarged Douglas- 
'«l'ital, Washington, August IS, ■(;."). 

Pilistni .lunuson, August l'\ '('.2 : June IS, "(i.'). 
Anthony S. J(jlinson, Aug. F"), '&1 ; June FS, Uy.'y. 
David ('. J(^hnson, Aug. :H), "(U : June Cs 'i;.'). 
^^illian. Johnson, Aim-. F1, 'id: June l>^, ■(■>."). 
^'li;iiles C. Jountry, Aug. F'), '(ri ; June 1 S^ "i;."). 
■'"'"' KiK.tt, -Vag."]."), T.-J : .Fine is, •(;.!. 
^^illiaai C. Fake, Augu-c :U), "(H ; diseharged JniiO 



\ (i 



■ IM-i] j,'.;jl);ir.'f|. : !.»■ .t: 



OCEAN COUNTY S( Jl.DIKliS IN IHE LATE WAU. '.)4:'.\ 

ENIiOLLED. -^ MUSTEKEO OUT. 

rvobei't3[c])(U)al(l. An.u. !■"). "(i'J: dischaii^ed FrfMlorick 
City Hos])ita!. May 1;», (i"). 

"\VasliiiiL;t'>ii -v[eKoau. Aujj;nst 15, "(i'i ; June IS, '(')."). 

William H. Miller, An- l.'), 'i'rl: .Tune Is, •(;.-). 

William H. ]\[orris, Aug-. 1"), "iri ; June IS, "lio. 

Edward Xewman, Auij;. l-l, "()•_! ; Juuf Is, '(),"). 
:' Charles H. Parker, Au.u'. •_', "(M : dischar-ed Satterlee 

Hospital, W.'>,t Philadelphia. .Alav V.\ "C..'). 

AVilliani L. Parker. Aujj,ust L"), "(i-j ; June Ps, "(la. 

Tabor C. PollnMnus, Aui;'. L"). "(i:] : June Is, "(Jo. 

James Potter, Aiuj;. [•", TrJ ; June IS, '(]'>. 

Heulino-s; L. Prickt tt, Sejit. :i, 'rA: June IS, "(m. 

Gilbert W. Peid, Aui;-. -M), (U : June IS, (i-'x 

Harrison Peid, Au^j,-. ]'>. 'i'd ; June Is. "()."). 

Cornelius Po^j^ers, Auu;. :il. I'rl ; June IS, "(i."). 

Jesse Pu),uers, Anjj;. lo, i'd: .luiif Is. "(;,''). 

William Powers. Aui^-. l"), 'i'rl: June IS, "(I."). 
' Silas Soiitln-ri'.l, Seot. I('», (M; June IS. "tio. 

,v, AAalliuj:; ^A ainri^ht. A a,u-. l.~). tri ; .lune IS. 05. 

1^, James E. A\'heeden, September a, '(iJ; discharged 

P>ou;4lass Hospital, Wasiiin^nton, June Id, "<)5. 

James Whit'\ August 15. '(i'2; discharged Saterlee 
Hospital, W.>st Pliilad/lplda. AFay I'.l, ■(;"). 

William Willi;ims. .Vugnsi 15, "()2 ; mustered out 
June Is, "()5. 

ENi;0J,l.El). DISCHAIKJED. 

John AV. White, Snvvant, August 15, '{V2: at White- 
hall Hr)spital, Pristol, l-'a., disal-ility, June 17, "()5. 
p Walter P>. Abbott.lh-iva!*. August 15, "•;•_>; at Hospital 

A'ork, Pa., disability, Maieli -Jl, ■('.5. 

Alon/.o A])plegate, January '2. "(11; at AA'ai'd Hos}ntal, 
Newark, Deeembei- 11. '(bL: disability. 

Peter Daily, July '2:5. '(')2; at Alexandria, Ya., August 
20. ■(Kp disability. 

William H. Hall, S-ptember 21. "(H; at Newark. 
June 17, 't)5 ; dis;i bility. 

Herbert Hawns, Auigust 15. "(12 : at Newark, Dceem- 
ber 15, "Ol : disabilitv. 



r.;i .<[ -iiM-'- 



..'•;»■ /.I 



•..»j„>' i. 



4 HISTOi'iY OF MON^rOUTII .\ND OCEAN COINTIES. 

EXUOLLED. mscHAi;<;i:D. 

Dauiel Ho})kin.s, Auiiust lo, "G'i; ;it Xe\v;nk,F«='l)ru;irv 
■().') ; dis;il)ility. 

Aieliibald J. McLaiie, September 7, '()i: ; (h-tubc-r 'i, 
4; rejee-tecl by Medical I5oard. 

Charles Pi. Slievniau, August lo, i'd ; at Newark, 
ecoiuber lo, '(14: disability. 

Josiali Smith. August lo. '<)'2 : October 8, 'Cw>. by 
Miteuce Court ^Martial. 

Geor<.5e E. Sprati'ord, August 15, fi-2 : Xewavk. Oeto- 
^T 8, 'Go ; disaliility. 

John Stout, August lo, 02; Newark, Jauuary 2-4, 
)1; disabilitv. 



ENi;oLLEP. 



Tr>A\srEi;j:i:i.). 



Peter (,'. Applegate. August lo, "<)2 ; To Navy. April 
8, ()1 ; disehargetl froui Navy duue o, "D."). 

Anthony Pordeu, Pebruary 21, 'dl; same day tiMus- 
erred to Crsmpany K, Second ileguuriit; dischargi-d 
ime 20, "6.3, from Hos}utal Baltimore. 

Andrew J. Elborson. March 2S, '(il: : to Navy 
Vpril IS, '(U. 

Joseph W. Pleming.. August L"). 'r>2 : to Xavy 
^pril IS, ■(*)1. 

John Jl (IroNer. Auu;u-.t l-i. 'i')'l: to Wterjiu Peserve 
>i'ps, August 10, T)!: J )isc]ia!'ged Xov-mbt-r U. "(i'. 

John W. Cb-over. Si-iitember li;, (ij ; to Company A; 
liuistered out June 1^' 'CI. 

Lewis Herbert, August 1-1 iVl: to Xavy. April 18. "(iP 

Edward HiHnu<l. August Pi. "'J2; to W'teran P>'serve 
i<^'wps, June 18, "CI-: discharged July P5. C'''. 

I'liounis C. Pliiddey. Marcli 2s. r,."): to C.'mpany K. 
^'•'•"Iid Pegimeiit. 

^'harles P. Pfhinau. Augu.^t ."Jn, (M; to Company I; 
''•"'^^'■i«'d (.iit JiHi.' PS, T,:,. 

^ I'arles P. Pearce. Febrnai'\ 2:!, "oi : to Comjiany K, 
^■•'■""d luginuiu. 

^^illiuii P.tiv, Aii-ust P), "<;_': to Vef.-ian Pe-erve 



( .H 



'^;'lis.-i,u).._,^.,| .III,,,, j.-,. (il; disabilit 



.•! '_■ i ! r.iiii ill- .J ... 






OC'KAX COUNiV SOLDIERS IX THK LA IE WAE. 



:;4; 



ENROLLED. TKAXSFEriKED. 

Edward Pi'ic'kttt, Aui;iist '2, '()4; to Coinpain" K. 
Second lifi^imeiit ; innstered out July l^!, b"). 

Joshua L. Prirkett, April 7, '05; to Conijiauy K. 
Second lieuinieiit; mustered out July 11. "(i"). 

Levi S. Prickett, April 7, ''>■"); to C«uupany K, Second 
Tlegiment ; niustered out July 11, "O.l. 

Levi Srheok. July 'IS, "(ri ; to Co. B Nov. 11. "ir2. 

Piicliard Skirui, August 1o. "r>2 ; to (■(uupany F. First 
Cavalry, Sf[it(uul)fr Id. 'i')'-> : Corporal, First Cavalry; 
mu.stered o\!{ July "24. *)•"). 

Samuel D. Vainiot*', Marcli •J:!, "lil ; to Com]iany K, 
Second Iie.i^inient ; disrliariied July '2s, "tj."), fr(un A\ .ivd 
Hospital, Newark. 

Henry ('.Havens, Fir^t Scr^-eant, Au--ust 15, "(i'i; 
killed in action at Monocacy, July i), '(il. 

Lacy Poinsett, Corporal, Au;L,aist 15, "(r2 : died July 
1"2, "'11 Fr<'il<'rick <.'ity H(>spitai f)oni worojds reeeived in 
action at ]\lonoracy, July '.I, "()1. 

John i\ Truex, Co)]ioral. Au-ust 15, '('.2; died June 
20, '()-l in Ju'lieiary Stpian- Hospital, Wasliinuton. from 
wounds received m actional Cold Harl)or, -^ une 1, !i4. 
Buried in Ailinuton cemetery, 

George l>iJtton. Private, July 2.S, "C.-J ; killed in action 
at Cold Haibor, A'a.. June :!, 'i'>4. 

John S. iiritton. Au-ust 15. "i;2; died i]i Danville 
Rebel prison. Febiuary 2.S, 1)5. 

Charles Frown. August 15. ■ii2 : killed in action at 
Cold Harl.'o]-, A'a., June 1. T)!. 

Paselah AL P.row)i, August 15, "r)2 : killed in aetion 
at Cedar Cre. k, \:\.. <)etob( r 1'.). "CI. 

Patrick Diggeu, August l.'>, "(;2 ; died June IC. "(M. 
at Carv(>r Hospital, ^^'asllington, ot w(mnds received in 
action at C<dd Marbor. 

Anthony H. (rarrett. Augivst F'). '(')2 : died Septend'er 
'21, "(jl, at W'im-Iiesti'i', \'a., oi woumls received in actiou 
at Opecpaan, A'a.. September Ft. "•il. 

Oliv-r C. Ciberson. .Vugust 15, 'i'l'i: died of fevei' at 
Fairfnx Sem!n;ir\, \'a., Sept-ndier 1, <)■>. 



/I /in.M. 

Im: .,.,<. , /'i • ,• ■. I'll"" > w) ■ .'. I , 

Y>^' .1 i .'•-'/ '.\ ' ) ■ 
N.' ■! ■•! M. ..■■■■■ » ■■! . '..■' /l 

: ... // .-. . , •• ' ''• ii;!. I' • 

III j 1 ■ . 1 1 : ' • ■ 



• III 

■tfll Ml*;' I ili !i lili . L*-»' ,1 

ii.<j''.i' II. . . 'Ml,' 

A'<* ..'»! ..ml. l-ii- , 



In •( 



HisroKV OF r.roNMoiiH AXi) ocKAX < orxiii^s. 

lanuu'l (iiovt'r. Aumist ^~K <)- : ili<'il nf lunu; diseasf 
'(l.'vick, M(l.. Novemiiri 7, '^'d. 

)iivi(l Hull. M;iy 10. 'CA ; at AV.-isliiiiu'r.'ii. May l^S. '{\o. 
olm Hall. Au-ust 1">. '(J-.: : .K.mI in Dauvillo Itd^el 
11. October -24, "(il. 

'liarles H. Havilaiid. Aui;ust l-l. "i»- ; diod .Inly 1"). 
it Frederick, !Md., of woundis received in action at 
eacv, .]ulv '.). "(i4. 

')badi;ili Herbert, August li).'i'd: died Srptmiber 
4. at Amuipolis, Md.. of wounds rr-cfdved in action. 
Charles Hopkins, August 15, i'd : died Xo^tn]lber I'J, 
t l^altimore Hos}>ital, of wounds received in aidion 
Jar Creek. Va., Octoluu- 1;». V.l 
David C. Horner, August L"), 'Crl : kilL^d in action at 

Harbor. Ya.. -Tunc 1. 'til. 
billies G. Mattlifcws. August oO. (ii; died October 
U. ill AViucliesrer Field Ffnspital, of wounds received 
tiou at 0])e(ju;in. Ya.. September ID. "dl. 
Eoltert MaxDii. August l'\ '^'rl: killed September 11>. 
11 action at ( )peipian. \';i. 

^Johii Potter. August i~\ 'iVl: d\>^a in Danville liebel 
)n, January 2'.). 'i).'). 

Samuel F;. Ftose. A.ugust lo, i'rl ; died at F'l-edericdc, 
February >^, (lo. 

Samuel Seymore, August 15. 't»2; died in raeiunond 
•1 prison. Decend>er 10. 'I]:!. 

Heury H. Sbernum, August 15, 'i]2: died at Fbrltimore 
I'ital. June 1, "ll"). 

Samuel Soutliard. Au-ust 15. 'id ; killed in a.-tiou at 
' 'i-;icv. July II, (M. 

•b-uathaii Tice. August 15, 'Crl: died in Fred,n-ick. 
• April 21. '(i:;. 

<b-nrge FT. AVbitP, August 15. iV2 ; killed in action at 
^ Harbor, Ya., .Tune 1. 'r>-L 

bfwi.s AY. AYondward, August 15. trj : killed in action 
'"I'l Harbor. Ya.. June 1. CF 
l'i-<'AiTirLArioN • Total strongtli of cr.inpany, one 

"'■"' '^"J tUirty-nine : of these, twelve -wore discharged, 
'^'•"•i transferred, two proinotutF twenty-seven died. 






f; If-;; J. ill 

h-v;;-,,', f, 
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• ! Ill) J.i:"l !j. ; -tij. !;'i' .T I 
)ll Iloit Ml 



OCEAV COUNTY I'F.NSTCiXKlIS. 847 

UNT'IKK STATES NAVY. 

TliDiiias E'hvjuds, AcliiiL;' Lieutenant. Actinu; ]\[;i<- 
ter, Oct. 2-2. T'l ; T'. S. S. ()a(^i.1a, 'i'>l--2 '■'> \ couimaiulinu 
U. S. S. Stoekdal-. '«U. 

AVilliaiM KoL^ei-s, Actin- :\[aster, Aug. '2(\ 'Ol. V. S. S. 
Pembina. ; <T)niiaan(lin>4" V. S. S. INIaiy Saudfonl {>'■), ami 
the Hetzel 'i'A o. 

.Terome B. Eoo-eis. Aetin-;- Master, Oct. -l-l. "lil ; l^ S. 
S. Restless, ■<;•_>, r. S. S. Sel.a-c. 'iVA^. 

OCEAN COX MY rEXSIOXEilS. 



The following is a conii^lete and eorrect list of all 
persons resident in this county drawing pensiftns in ISt;:; 
from the United States (Toverument, with the causes for 
A\diich such ])ension is allowed, and the amount paid theni 
monthly, as cimieiled from the records of the Pensior. 
De]>artment : 

LAYVITJ.E. 

George Pv. AVortli, gunshot wound right arm, ."-^lO. 

BAltXEOAT. 

Phelie Ludiow. widow. ■^S ; Sarah Edwards, willow 
(Na\w), S-J5 ; Tunis Jiodine, survivor of 1812, ?|;8. 

lUYHEAD. 

Jane C. Van Doreu, widow, ss : ?^Iargaret King, 
Avidr)w, ss ; Anu Voorhees. wi(tow, .^K). 

ilENNETTS MILES. 
Cliailes T. Mailn ws, 'lisease of lunu's. SlO ; Joseph 
I. Yoorhees, aiuputatio)i rigid arm. >''24: : Thomas Clay- 
ton, gunshot wound right arm. .^10 : John B. Hyers, dis- 
eased lungs and eyes. sl2 ; AN^m. If. Con.over, injury of 
hack, S-t ; John H. Matliews. <lisease of lungs, .sS ; Johi. 
G. Yoorhees. gunsliot wound left sh()nlder, >l(l. 

T.KTrKS]U'R(i. 

Mary Estel, widow 1812. .-^S ; Daniel D. Williams, dis- 
ease of the luntis, si ; Lavinia M. Carter, mother, ss. 



r '\ : I • >L •<< 



'^\' : . J.f.i- {-. 



; I ■ ^• 



.'ly.lHY/U 



. » , . » 



oiS histoi;y of .mcnmouth and ocean counties 

CASSVILEE. 

Ellison Jauiisoii. muisliot avouiuI in head, s-J ; John 
F. Brown. gui!sli«/t wound in ncek, etc., sin ; Siisan HaL;a- 
man, widow, sliJ ; Lvdia A. Brown, niotlier, ^8. 

C0LL!Ei;"s MILLS. 

Lewis Soulhard, injurv i'i,ii;ht side. s(). 

FOIIKED laVElI. 

Samuel 11. Peun, tyjilnvid fever, etc.. •'^() : Ann Brit- 
tou, luotlier, SS ; Ezekiel Jjewis, survivor Lsl"2. >S. 

HOKNEKsroWN. 

Charles H. Hanlcin-^, wound riu'lit hand. >4: -Tolin 
Errieksoa. '.vouu'l ri'j;'at forearm, >'-i ; I^.-iac \'anhise. dis- 
ease of heart, ss ; Daniel H. Hopkins, si; Didxn'ah Hop- 
kins, wi(l()w, SS; M;irv Likes, mother. s,S : Zaehariah Haw- 
kins, wound in left sid^, s4 ; Wni. A. ParktM", v.ound lefr 
shoulder and jaw. SS : Mar^'arct ("artis. wiilow. >S ; Henry 
H. Hawkins, ^ainsho:: wound ri_;hl foot and riu'ht knee, >■»». 

ISLAN1> HEIOHTS. 

•John J. ()"Ha]-a, gunshot wound left shouldt-r. SH. 

J.VCKSONS .MlLr>. 

Thomas L. Il;,'_vnolds. cdironie diai'i'lio;-;i. >^S ; Charles 
H. llo^e. :j;nnshot wound ri;_iit forearm, >^1; Fi^l)ecea 
Burke, -widow, ss : S.irah 'S\. Cook, s^ : CaUdi IJenuf^tt. 
minor ehildr-,n, Samu(d L Muini;-, i^uai- lian. sj-J: Jas. H. 
Hendrickson. injury hd't side, etc.. >'2. 

LAlCEWoOD. 

David Ih'ower, ^ainshot -.voand ri'^'ar arm. hd't thigh. 
and sunsti'oke. sd"2 : Lhomas Fislmr, gunsiiot wound left 
sliouldt^r, >!-; Holuie.s .lohnsoii. disease lungs, slS ; Pe*:er 
Reynolds, .■sf.") ; Jolm 15. I^!-^tr^dlH. measle.s, typlioid f(^ver, 
ete., s-J ; Charles M. Dix. sun>lr(.k.^ si : D.ivid ?^latrhews- 
^^l'"^; John AV. AN'hite. ounshot woiiml hd't leg. >s ; :\l,irv 
X(jreri)ss. widirv. ss : 31arv .Mt-Liill. widow. Ispi, >> ; 
Jaunts White, ^unslior wouiid right leg, > ; : j-^liza Sterne, 
inothe>r. s,S ; Emeliu" Holt, widow, ss ; Hl^sLer Hager- 
luan, widow, SS ; Euiiie' A. (lord(jn. widow, si^l ; Hciiry 



-Util „-./ 



vi.i .; 



Mil- -. •■ >. I )..(,; 



"ill -I. J-', fi|M.|, tf!' 



.» "I'.Mji.Ml^ i'i.,( 



H r./,f. -I- ,s.i! ., 



OCEAN' (^OUN'J V rKNsioM:i;s. 



:549 



Bunl, ^nushot wouml loft foi'eunu, s2 : St)[>iii;i D. Adains, 
widow. ISl'i, ss : Jamos W. {Ivove, chronic (liarih< »•;•., sj- 

MANClIKSTKlt. 

Marv (xettier, widow iSrJ. SS ; Catiiariiie S. Carmau, 
widow, SS ; lleuj. T. Phillips, chrouic rheumatism. >'14i : 
Ximnxl Nicols, mmshot wound right leg, Si ; ])avid 
Xove.s, gunshot wound in head. SO. 

MANNA }1 AW KIN. 

Jose})li ('raumer. gunshot wound lor(diead, Sl'J : 
Samuel Cnitis, Xavv. s2'); Thomas C. Samst>n, injury to 
right kiu-e. Si: Henry Allison, frosted feet, sl'i ; Joseph 
IJishop, injury to ahdomen, s-2. 

METKDIXONK. 

Al)ra!iam \\ . ()s]>.»rn. injury to alxlonuui. S4: ; Jolni 
Johnson. SLS; Janu^s (I. Truax. disease stomach, si; ^^ ni. 
H. Hall. Si: James M. Petit, (dulls and fever and 
rheumatism, si. 

NEW EOYl'T. 

Charlotte Ap])l<d)y. mother, sS; John Vaughn, gun- 
shot wound hd't Inp. Si") ; Elizahcth Johns, mother. SS ; 
Charles Chafcy. injury left side-. s-J ; ANdlliam Perm, gun- 
shot wound left shoiddcr. Si ; Charles H. TlnunpsiMi. gun- 
shot wound left side head, sl ; Jiejij. P. Bussom. eft'ects 
of typhoid fever, sl; George H. Horner, gunshot wound 
right arm, etc.. sK) ; ( deorgt^" AV. Dunfee, mjuiy rigid leg 
and left hip. sl : Franklin S. Caskilh gunshot wound 
both thighs, SO; George Vates. sl.S ; Joseph Peynolds. 
necrosis iii;ht tihia. sii ; Henry ]'>. Wright, injury to ali- 
domen, sl ; Jo-o])!! N. Endey. sl , AN'illiam A. \^ ood.- 
ward, chrojiic diarrhoa. sj-^ ; John Il^ed. -.unshot wound 
left fcjrearm. slS : John W. Iddridge, (-hronic diairho'a. 
Sl ; Curtis Powltu-. gunshot wound rii^ht leg. sS ; Hugh 
Dvatt. gunshot woctud back. sS ; (';iroliiie B. Andicr. 
widow. SS : Jvlith Brov.n.. widow, sS ; Jo|;u S. ?iialtony, 
r.euralgia, (X.iv\i. N'JO ; Xnw l-"owler. mothei', >^S ; Harriet 
]^o\eland. widow. SS; J\!i/,;i ilorrn'r. nn)t]ifr, SS ; ('lemen- 
tine T. Carte)', mother. SS ; 3J;irv Hulse. widow iSpi. s-J."); 



L( 






> I « i . ' ' ' i ' 



••♦ J.i ': -li'ii • .;iJ'.'». J/ 






50 



HISTOKV OF 3r()N'M(Ji:T}I AND OCEAN rOl'NTIl'.S. 



aac Sopt-r, luiiiur cliiUlrt'^n. .'S^l'J; ^<;u)mi Gaut. widov.-.sS; 
avail Bell, mother. S'S : Jolm McC-lratli. disease of 
nigs, SKi. 

os];o];nsvilij:. 

Charles AA'. Truax, disease liver, etc., 84 : Jolm "W. 
Osl)oru, disease luiii^s. -84 ; Mary Jones, niotliei'. $S ; 
lanee H. (rant, elironie rheuiiiatisni, 84. 

rOIXT I'l.F.AsANT. 

Hari'iet E. Joii"s. .8"^ : Aan^n Lr(nis. gunshot wound 
eft thi,t;-li, etc., >;s ; Roderick A. Clarke. 81n; Joseph W. 
Fleuiiii;^', iujra'v liulit ankle. .8(» : Joshua J. I'earce, 
•lirouic diarrleei an 1 rheumatisui. ."^S ; John Stout. 8lS ; 
.'liarles Stout, gunshot wound Ic^'t tliii^li, 8- ; Jnizabeth 
Folsoiii. widow, .8^ : MaruarPt Morris, widow. .8S ; ^[arv 
•Tane AVilsoii, niotlier. 8'"^: Herbert Havens, i^-iinshot 
wound lioth thi-hs and left ankle. 81<>. 

I ]'i:osj'Kino\\N. 

Christopher l)at\ . gunshot wound left forearm, 810; 
Lloyd Ap] liefer, injury of rio-lit eve, 84. 

SIFVKKToX. 

John S. McKelvey, chronic diarrlnea. 8i> : John C. 
Irons, survivor, ISl'i. ss ; Alice Bunnell, witlow, >S. 

TOMS invEi;. 
j Sarah J. Atterscni. widow. -8^ ; Mary Applegate, 
Widow, c8: Thonnis J(dinsou. injury to abdomen, 8''^; 
Bzekiel Gihorson. injury to ahilomen, 8>> : "Win. H. 
Hurley, u-uns]if>t wound, left slioulder, 8*'' : H<dena ' 
Grant, widow, ss ; Chmles T. Hu'lson. .-:4 : (iar}-ett V. 
Hy«^i-^, tiunshot wound ri.uht slionhler. s-.> ; Ai>r;duun J. 
Johusfu], injury to rdodouieu. S'S ; (George Walton, disease 
heart, sS; Thomas W. Mid lleton. slo : B.ohert S. Wither- 
all III /(!.'< J. W Xoi cross. ci;)ntract^'d scar from abscess 
I'l.uht shouldei-, SI : Charles S. Appleoate, injury to ab- 
'lonien, .<!; Win. H. Dorsey. o-unshot wound ri,u-ht 
-lioulder >S : Geor->e (i. Jvous, rheumatism, etc., sl7 : 
>>allace Irons, .lisease iun^s, sS; (leor'ie H. Brvan, i;un- 



1.- •»--...; I, 






11 i\i. ..:,]. >.■ 



'"■■' , ; :.^': .1^1 [,M.; 

i;r .■ •• •<!;.!( 1., 
/) Hid.!. . 



i-f.(iHs,!,- ?■( .1 



OLD iiovF.i: r(AVNsHn'. 



:-J51 



sliot wound left sliouliler. slo ; Hiiniet Lnker, niutliei', >^; 
Sarah McKeiui-v-y, wulow. ss. 

VAN illsKVir.Li;. 

Catliariiic Joliiisijii. widow, ss ; Jolm (/ole, >"24 ; 
Pieul}eii (\-uii}). chivjiiic diiinlM'a and \;Lri(.-(ise veins left 

wai;j:T(>wx. 
Samuel liidi;way, ^mi^liot AV(jund left tiiii;'li, $)!. 

. WKSJ' CHEEK. 
James Pliaro, li^.-nt disease >i ; James 31. ^Vest, uiin- 
shot wound left side of eliL'st. ><); Ensi^'n. r^liilcr. gunslmt 
-wound left side of lirad, sLs. 

WIIEATEAM). 
Andreu' J. -Steelmaii, injurv to al)domen, SS. - --^ 

wmTiX(v. 
Anna Perry, widow, sS. 

OLD D^)^J•:p toavxsrip. 



D(jver township at one tiuv^ embraeed a lar^'e i)ro- 
}M)rlion of the jiresent eounty of Ocean, as it exteudtil 
^from Metereeunlc I'iver on the noith to ( )vster Crenk. be- 
tween Forked Kivpr and "W aretown oii the south, and 
from the ocean to tln^ 13urlin,ij,'ton eount\' lim- in width. 

The T(jwn Pook of old ])o,vei', eont;dnini;' lists of of- 
ficers from ITN-!' down to Isill. was found amonu" tlie 
books and iiapiMs of tin late Wa^him^ton McKean b\- hi-. 
son-in-law, ( 'hai'lcs V\ . ] Natter. Since the decease of the 
last named <;entleman, it is [uobable this book will be 
deposited in the ol'tice of tin; Count}" (lerk at Trjins J(i\Hr. 
The town olb'cials namcil in it wei-e (jtHcials re})resentinLi' 
a la.rge proportion of the present cr)unt\-. In tlndr d:\\ 
the}' w( re the ])r(;nrinent public men of v, hat is now < >cean 
couPity, a.nd many of their names are jiertdn recorded. 

The vil!ac;e of Toms Jlixcr wa.s burned in 3I;ti(di. 
TTSi*. The record in the 'J'own ]ioi>k bi'-ins with the rirst 
tovvu meet in*:' after that cNent. 



■>• .i-:iilt ;i <[ 



IIJI^/ ' 



.-..f M I I.ll 



msTonv or xoxmouth and ricEAX corxTir.s. 

Tlie folio win;.;' towji inert iiii:' pv(K'(H'(liiiu;s nro copied 
11 the old Dover Town iJook : 

A list of the t(nvn otlieers ehoseu at a town nieetiiiu 
(1 at Toiiis Piiver on the seeoml Tuesday of ]\[arch, one 
nsaiid seven liniulred and eioliiv three ilTN'Jt, for the 
iiship of Dover, are as follow eth : 

Town Clerk — David Woodniansee ; Chosen Free- 
;(ler.s — (xabriel AVoodniansee. John lloaers ; Assessor 
iahriid "Woodniansee : Collector — lames Woodnianse(^; 
eeliolders to assist tlie Assessor — J;icob Applegate. 
hii JetfVey ; Freeholders of A})peal — Isaac P<)tter. 
so-; Tiobiiis. David \Vo' >ilinansee : Surveyors of HiLrh- 
ys — Abraham I'latt. James Allen; Overseers of the 
)or — John Stout. J.vcol) A]iple^ate • (Overseers of HijL!;h- 
ys — Francis Letts. Jacob Foster. Thomas Yannort ; 
nstable — John \A'oodmansee. 

Town meetings were held annual! v at th.e residence of 
rtereiit citizens, and the^ ordiuarv ].ublic Imsitiess, which 
i> 111 course limited 'u ehar;i_ctei'. transacted. 
At the annual met-tinu lu-ld AFarch b"), 17^7, the ttjwn 
[recil to raise an assessment on tlie inh;d»itants of Dover 
r the sui)j>ort of the ix^or thi>, vear, the sum of fifty 
Muuls I r.)0/. 

llie following;; items ;ipp mt in later I'ecords : 

At the town nicetinii held r^[a!\-]i 11. 17SS, it was or- 
ei'^d as follows : 

"The tort-ii lias a^^reed to i)av the last county money 
'■•■<t was (n\''e]'ed to be raised, out of the do'j,- tax that 
^'^ raised for the yeai- 17s7. Also the money tiiat Abra- 
■^iii Piatt is indebted u^ the town is to pay the debts of 

!•' town."' 

I'-i 17'J'i the following- i-ecord a])pears: 

"17'>2. Be it rejr.t-mbered that tlie township of 
"\'''V h;is entered int'. .i resolve this tliirteenth day of 
hnvh, 17<)-2_ th.at all huei'^mr- wlio shall eonie within 
"'1' h;iy to ovstt'r shall b-' e.iiirh'.l topav to the townsliili 
' "vev tor the sup])ort of tic ]. >..i'. two yH-na^ for every 
'"'-^'"•l of oyst-rs taken (mi b.oavd by said vessels. Also, 
'"''1' Ihice and John Woodmansee are appointed by -aid 



Ml;.'" , •■ " /' -- i:.lt.l. 



-••I- .11 






i- - '-, 111 



fu. t. 



01. D DOVEi; TOWNSHIP. ;-),)o 

towii to eoUcct tlie above duty fnr tlu* use of tlie saul 
towu. 

At the saine time, the poor of the tov.'iisliip c^f l^over 
\vere sohl to the folh)\vinL;' y)ersoiis, \'va : 

AV»rahai)i Ph-itt took one woman foi' £7 17 shilliii!j,> 
for one year. 

John .l(^hnson took one ijian for £4 '.>s. one year. 

Thomas Bird took one man fm' I'll 17s. one year. 

Otlicers electerl at tlte annvial ^lai'eh town me^tinL::. 
170o : 31o(lerator — l^enjamin Lawrence : C h-rk---< lei)ri;-e 
Cook ; Assessor — ]>eiijamin liawrence ; Colhn to]" — (Tt:or-;"e 
Cook ; Fr(^ehohlers — David \A'riuht, CTal)riel Woodman- 
see ; Corns, of Appeal — Tames Allen, John Ilogers, Gabriel 
Woodmansee ; Coms. of Highways — John P]ioe, ^\'illiam 
AVilliams; (3verseers oi Poor — PenjaminLawrence. George 
Ci:)ok ; Gvei'seers of Pioads — Paul Potter, William Cham- 
berlain, Tiiuothy Page, Bartholomew Apijlegate, Tiiomas 
Tiuex ; Constables — John Pieliardson, Job Leming. 
Judge of Election — Jolni Pogers. 

The poor of the towiiship werr sold as follows: Jo- 
se}>li Piatt t<^ok one woman for CS 10s. Timothy Page 
took one man fur Ci los. Elizabeth Johnson took one 
man for L\:2 IDs."' 

At the annual mcrtinu'. 31arcli U). 17*.>-"). "John Yet- 
man was cleared fmni tax on account of Idindnr-ss of his 
wife." 

The^ following record a})[)ears in th:^ ])roc3edinj;s oi 
the town meeting Indd at the house of Jolui Millar. March 
10, 170s : 

The town p(jor were[)ut our for thcv.'ar as follows : 
"GiU'ert Lane tt^ok one man for -CPi ; the ttnvn to tind liim 
clothes, and Lane to make and mend for him and tind him 
in toViacco. J(din Vi'orth took a woman for CP;, the to\\"n 
to tmd her clothes and A\'oiih to lind her tobacco. " 

A special tov* n mectirjg was Indd .\j>)'il '■>, 17'.I0. at 
tln^ ht)ns( of John A\'ild(^s. when - 

" It was r''solvod to anifiid the law about striking iisli. 
so that it shad be lawful to sii'ike any ti>h t'xcept sJi.H-p-- 
Jicad until June lOtli, ^•earl^■. 






.•ll.-<7 -no 



; '♦"<• :l' l.i<ll!,l,l 



■''I '•> Jil.ii<. •.'.(•, iia /.J 



M! <.•(» 



:1 ... 



o")4 IlI^TCUn' (U- M(iXM()UTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

" li<:Suh-,il^ "i\v.\\ \\\v inoiiibers of tlio Towiisliij) Coui- 
Miittee l)e allowdl (mi.' dollar jut dav ioi- services. AVil- 
liain E. liulav ifixuted ^\|)e]lllitur<^s lor the poor to the 
aiiionut of 1">(') \'1<.. '1\.. aih] tliat !ie liad in liaml of town 
n)onev, £111 I'is. •J(l.,.fr(>ni winch ex])c]ises dcdactcl for 
poor would leave -IV")."' 

The next year it was resolved that "the next town 
ineeting he iteld at th<^ house where William V.. Indav 
111 )W lives. Al.-i), tii;it the ja^v about strikine lish Ije re- 
])ealed in full." ( 'onstaliles in fliose days were reo^uii'ed to 
<;ive h'Onds in tlu' sum of ont^ thousand dollars. 

'l^.ie followinj^' is a list of Pi-esidiuLi,' (XHcers, or 
M<^derators, as they were calleih and Town (derks f)f 
Dover, from Islii to isill. when the records in the old 
Ti")\\ n 15ook cease : 

:\ioi»ei;atoks. 

ISdl), ^\'illiam 1. Jaujes. 1S±7 to iN.")."), intdusive. 
Aaron T). Irons. ISoOto Isfil, inclusive. Washington Mc- 
Kean. 

TOWN CLEKKS. 

lSd() to is.").*!, iiu-lusive, Janu's (ndick. ISoO — John 
•]. Irons. iSoT S — T>e])j;innn V. Aiinnick. IS.V.) — ],)avid 
J. IJowors. iSfiO — J'Lmanutd H. Wilkes, iscd — Io.se})h 
Lawrence. 

Tlie record of cattle n»arks and (;f esti'avs in the old 
Dover Town jjook uixes tht> nau'es of manvold residents 
not found eh^ewhej-e in the hook, and in sonje cases, ihe 
]tarts of the tijwnship wi;ei-e thev resided.. 



The follow iiiii' descri})tion of the NaAesink lands was 
v>-ritten ?Jarch I, l().")n, hy Seeretaiy A'an Tienhoven, of 
New Amsteiihnu. and sent fo Holland: 

"In the !>ay of tin- NwitIi river, aljout two h^a^'ues 
fr'>iu Sandy Hoi.k. lies aii inlet oi- small hav ; on tin; 
south shore of <add hay call'-d Xevswe.->incks, there is 
:-ds(.) rialit I'.'ood mai/e l.tuds which have not ])cen culti- 
vated !)v ilie natives for a ioni.- tim<'. This distidct i.s 



• I I' 



,..•! I.-.:.. !.!..[, . 



,f-. ,iv; 



if.'' .t » '-.i! •».;; •■ ' i..>] 



(.(< i-i . ,v 






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.,' -il,;. > .-.I- 1. 






NAVESINK. 



•jr,.) 



-well ;ul;ii)t*Hl for luisiiiu; mid feediii;,' .-ill sorts oi cattle 
and is esteenuMl \)y many as not ill ada])ted for tislieries ; 
a good trade in furs could also l)e carried on there and 
'tis likewise .iccessiMc to all large vessels coming from 
sea which are often obliged to lie t'^ or ancdu^r behind 
Sandy Hook, either in eoiisequeiice of contrary winds or 
from want of a pilot."' 

[Note. — Informati<)n relative to taking up land in 
the f(n'm of coloiues or private l^ouweries, N. Y. (\A. 

Hist. ^ol. 1, p. :')»;o. i 

According to the fanuli;ir story of Penelope Stout, 
the first attem|it to settle in ^Monmouth v as aliout 1(J4S. 
when liichanl Stout and family, and tl^•e Dutch fannlies, 
six in all, si.dtlcd v/here Middletown now is and the'*' 
renniined there al)t)ut live or six years when thev v^ere 
com])elle(l to leave on account of Inilian troubles. 

In O'C'allaghans History of Xcw Xetherhuids is a 
list of ]iatents for land granted l)y the Dutch between 
l(>i)f> and l')<)d ; among them is one +o Cornelius Van 
AVerckliOveji. granted Xovemljer 7, lOol. for ""A C'olonie 
at Xevisinks." In a letter from Werckhoven to Baron 
Yon der C'apcllen, in All)any I'incords vol. S, p. 'iT. he savs 
the lands about Xevisinks and Iharitnn Kills ha<l l)een 
purchased for liiu' in I'ili* and had not been allotted to 
him. \\ erckhoven did not conu' to this countrv until 
Ki.^'i. His agent in })urchasing these laiids Avas Aul::us- 
tine, or Augustus Heernnins, a i)ronnnent citizen of New 
Amsterriam. As Heernnins received directions in IdlO 
from Werckho\en. tln-n in I'trecht, Holland, to |)urchase 
the la.nds, the, presump.tion. is that he had ])revir)ush' 
visitc'd tlie Xavesink Indians and ascertained from them 
their Avillingness to ]iart with the lands and o3i what 
conditions, an.l also that his object was to establish "A 
Colonie at Xavesink.'" The time of his doing this must 
have been ;ibout the time tlie Stout tradition savs an 
etlort was made to idant a colony at Middletown. 

Heer A\ erckhoven came over to thi^ conntrv in l(i.V2. 
His right to the iand.-> was disputed b\- Jjaron IbMub'ick 
Yander (.'apellan, v/ho alleged that he had previousjv 



J I I', ".<'.[• 'l--i 



.([,;/■; ;1 .;.:' 1 



■i>^:.l' 



,1 1- , 



i;/ ^)m; 



J ''l.'M 



1.1 , , ! ' I J (,-nll 



f 



HISTORY OF MOXMOrili AND O^EAX COUNTIES. 



uglit lauds on soutli side of the Jiarit;iu claimed l>y 
lerokhoveii and the matter was refeired to the Amster- 
t m Chambers; their dec-isioii beiuf» adverse to Werck- 
Lven, he then directed his attention to establishing' the 
gttlement of Xew Utredit on Lonsii; Island, near Graves- 
€jd. The first house put up in New I'trecht was one 
:i Jacob Swart, of Gravesend, who tore down his house 
.l^the latter place and removed it to the new settlement, 
^igustine Heermans had also purchased this land for 
lerckhoveu, and it is evident that he must have been 
aquainted at Gravesend with the settlers, of whom, in 
157, Piiehard Stout seems to lune been one of the 
irgest land owners. 

3\ In the "'account of a voyage to Xavesiuk' in l()()o, 
k'en in Brodhead's History of Now York and AVhite- 
til'-ad's East Jersey, it is alleged that an attempt to 
ifrchase lauds in Monmouth of the Xavesink Indians in 
i;6i-5 was made by a party of twenty Englishmen fj'oui 
Cfavesend, L. I., among wlunn it names John Bowne, 
iJtoes Hul)bard, Jolin Tilton. Samuel Speer, Thomas 
"\hitelo'jk, Ssrgeant Ilichard Gibbons, and Charles 
iJi^rgan. This account indicates that the English party 
A^re at that time acquainted along the sliores of the 
liritan Bay and around in l)y the Highlands. 

It is stated in Biodliead's History of Xt^v York 
t.at in the year lOoO an effort was made to induce Baron 
Jmdrick van de CapcUan of Evssell and several Amster- 
cljm merchants to form an Msscjciation for the coloniza- 
tin of Staten Island and its neighborhood and a shij) 
4s fitted out, but the expedition proved a failure. But 
a| agent of Van Cap .dluu, naim^d D.ni'-klagen, shortly 
a|:er purchased for him lands "'on the soutli side of the 
Ilritan rivei-"'; one reason alleged for this purchase w;is 
tkt it would tend to the better security of a colony 
lHnt"d rm Stat'Mi Island. This was probal)ly in 1('..)1. 
Ijjiring the same year Augnstus Heermans purchased 
<f|" Cornelius \:oi. ^Verckhoven, an influential n;t'inb<-r of 
ftp })i'oviii( ial government of I^trtHdit, a tract also " (ui 
■ te south side of the Baritan opposite Staten Ishmd." 



OA 



!fi>\) '»<Of rxl'i 



;.: ,,\ 'Jr.iii j:i. >.'.(/• 



EAIII.Y NAVIGATORS. 

EARLY XAYIGATORS. 



In speaking ()f early navigators, Eev. Jolm Ho ward 
Hiutou. in the Hist, of the United States, says: "It is a 
eircninstanee to<> remark able to he uunoticeih that 
Eughiud, Spain and France all derived their transatlantic 
possessions fr^nn the science and energy ot Italian navi- 
gators, although not a single cohmy was ever ])lanted in 
the newly tliscovered coutin-i-nt l»y th'^ inlial)itauts of 
Italy. Colunihiis, a Clenoese, acquired fi)r Spain a cisioni- 
al dominion great enough to satisfy the most craving 
ambition; hut rea}>ing no j>3r.s )nal ailvautage fmm his 
labors, excepting a!i unprofitable fame, after having Iseen 
ignominiously driven from the world he had made known 
to Enrijpeans, he died in poverty and disgrace. Cabot, 
a Venetian, sailing in tlie service of England, conferred 
on that nation a claim, the magnitude and importance of 
which he never lived to comprehend. A^erazzanh a 
Florentine, explored America for the benefit of France ; 
but sailing hither a second time for the pur]><)se of 
establishing a colony, he perished at sea." 

One account of Verazzani states that he landed at 
some place not named ^vith some of his crew and was 
seized by the savages and killed and devoured in the 
presence of his cr)m})anions im board, wlio sougiit m 
Vi'.in to give assistance. Such was the fate of the navi- 
gator who g-ave us the first notice of the harbor of New 
York and adjacent territory. 

In that noted ancioit work, " Hakluyt's Yoyag^^s," 
/vol. '.'), ]). 7,1 is a statement from CaV<otas follows: " Wlien 
my father left Yenice to dwell in England to follow the 
trade of merchandise, he took me with him to the Citie 
of London, v\'hile I wos verv young, yet having neverthe- 
less some knowledge of letters and humanitie and of 
the Spht-re. And when m\' father dicil in that time 
wdien news were brought of Don Christopher Colmn.bus. 
Ck-noese, h;ul discovered the coasts of India, wher(-of 
was great talk in all the court »jf Henry YII. who then 
j'eigned, insomuch that all men w\[]\ L^reat a<lrniration 



358 histoi:y of monmoutii and ocean counties. 

rttiirmecl it to be ;i thiii.u' lunvo divine than limnan to sail 
bv the West intr» the iilast. whert^ spicos ^tow, 1)\- a map 
that never was known Ix-toiv, l)_v this same and rej)()it, 
there increased in my heart a <^reat thime of de^sire to 
attem[)t some notable tljiiii;;. 

The foUowin^ extract is frmn i>a;j,e <>, voL o, of same 
work : 

" In the vere of Our Lord, ll'JT, John C'abc^t and his 
souue Sel)astiaM i with an Enudish tii'et set out from 
Bristol), discovered that land which no man l>efore this 
time had attempted, on the twenty-fourth of June, about 
live of the clock early in the morning. This land he 
called Prima Vista, that is to say Fij'st Seen, V)ecause I 
suppose it was that jiarl wliei'eof tliey had the tirst sight 
from the sea. That island which lieth out befoi'e the 
laud, he called the Island of St. J(din, u[)(jii which occa- 
sion, as I thiidc, 1)ecause- it was di,-.cover(^d upon the day 
of St. John the Jh-Lptist."" 

The }uobability i-^ that Cabot saik-d nortliwest a few 
weeks until his })rogress was arrested by tioatiug icebergs, 
when he shaped his c(jurse to the southwest an.d soon 
came in sight of the shore, named by him Trinja Vista, 
and generally l:)e]ieved to lie some part of Labrador or 
Xew Foundlaiid. Thence he steered noi'thward again to 
the sixty-seventh degree of latitude, where he was 
obliged to turn back by the disc'jutent of his crew. He 
sailed alorig the coa>t in seai'cli of an oMitlet, as far as the 
ueigliburliO(jd (-f the Cruif of Mt^xico, wdien a mutiny 
broke out in the ships companv. in conse(pience uf wdiich 
the further })rosecution of tlie vo^■age was abandoned. 
Some accounts state that (."abot reriched England with 
several savages and a valuable cargo wdiile other writers 
assert that he never hiiided. It is certain he did ncjt 
attempt any con(|uest or settlement in the countries lie 
discovered. And this is the substance of ('abot's dis- 
coveries, on whicdi England based her chum. 



i.ii»i»< !■ ■ .<' •' ' 



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. . , . 1 . ' ; . . ^ , I 



rui:ciiAsj:i;s of shakes of land. 
Pl'IlC^HASEUS OF SHAKES OF LAND. 



:i:')0 



A list of t]it> nallI^^^ of tlio ])iucli;is«:-rs of Xewasink. 
Narumsuiik arid Pootapeek, who r^acli })Uielias,Ml one 
sliare of land, exeei)t seven poi'sons, who pnn-liased fiT>ni 
two to four shares eaeli. 

(Note: — Tne names are here arranged alpliah'^ticallv 
for conveniejice of refei-ence :* 

John Allen and iii'ltert Taylor. ('hristo]djer Allinev, 
JoL' AUmpy. Srephi-u Arnold. Jani^s Ashtou, Beujaniin 
Borden, Eieliavd Jioi.it n, Jolm ]>f)\\iu', J(din Bowne, F. 
L., Jann^s Bowne, A\'illiani Bowiie, (ierrard Bonrne, 
Francis Brindh^y, Nicholas Pirowne, -Joseph ])ryer, 
Henry Bulk Boke-rt I'arr, (TiM/r,ue ChutH. Walte)' Clai-k. 
Thomas Ciiftoii, ^Viliiam Codington, Joshna C"o-:.ueshall 
(see Daniel CTOuldi, .lo'toi ('ou;jj;shall. FMwaid C'ole, 
J(jse]ih Colen:an, Joini ( '<>(-ke, Nicholas L^avis, *2t Tlunnas 
Dungan, Pett r Ea^son, (Ikiston,', B(\ger Ellis and son, [2) 
Gideon Freeborn and Boln-rt Hazaini, Zachary Gaut, 
Piioha.i'd Gikkons, W'ilkium GiHord, Daniel (ionld ;nul 
Joskna ('■.'ggf-shalk Baljdi (Toul'lsniitli, James ( ircvt-r. 
Johii HafK'c. .]i>l!n it;,nndfl]. Thomas Harr. T(jl)ias Han- 
son, Samui'l Hi'ieinaii, Jonathan kiolmes, Okadiali 
Holnios, John Horakin. Bokert Haz;ird i sen Clideon 
Fre^^koi'u.i AA iiii.-.m -lani-s. .]ohn Jenkins. Henry IJppi.4t, 
James Leonard, klifhard Lippeneott, iJt ^fark Lucar, 
Piichai'l Tifoor. ( iecn-gr- Afonnt. Edward Pattison, Thomas 
I'(*tter. ^Viliiam Ik-apc. .;•_*! ju'diard Biehardson, Jol.ai 
Bnekmau. ^\'iii. Sliakoriy i Siiacivi'rl \-; j William Shaddock, 
'Nathaniel Si]\f st^^r. r.2 ■ Ivichard Sisselk Edward Sniiili. 
Jolin Siiiitli, Saniii'i Spiral'. Peniamin Si)eare, l.vokert 
Story, cii Bitdiartl Sti-nt, Edw.-.rd Tartt. Bokert Taylor 
(see .](.lin Alh-n,! Jolm Tonis'ni. John T1irocl<niort(m, 
Fdward '''Inirslo.n, N.atliani^d Tondcin-. John Town-^nd, 
Walter Walk Elinkini Warded, Marmaduke War<l, (T.Mnge 
Welti), Bokori West. ]5artle)lomc\v ^\'t:-,i. Jolm Wd<on, 
Thomas WintPrtr'n. .)olin Wood, Emamnd Wiv.ilhy, 
Thomas Whiitock. 



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P HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

TOWXSHIPERS. 



The uames of such as are putered as townslii]) men : 
Jolm Bird, Basliau. Tlioiiuis Cox, Daniel Estill, 
mes Gvover, Jr.. AA'illian) Goulding, John Hall, Itandall 
iiet, Sr., Eandall Huet, Jr., Earth i?i Lippeucott, Ed- 
uind Laplietres, AVilli;ini Eawrcnee, A\'illiaui Layten, 
l>auci.s Masters, Henrv Perey, Anthony (?) Pu.ue. Ridiard 
iidler, William Sht\irman, Samuel Spieer, John Stout, 
j.jb Tlirockmorton. 

1 1 The settlement ^\ith WilUam Eea[)e. James Ch'over, 
olmTilton and others in July. 1('>70, gives the names only 
those v,-iio were C(,nisidered tirst purelias r-rs ; it does not 
jcliide the names of all who had settletl lu the oanty 
I that date. In thr oihee of tlie Priiprietors of J]ast Jer- 
k, at Perth Amboy, is a list of persons who took the 
iith of allegiance in LOGS ; this list is alsi^ given in the 
rst volume ot New Jerse^' Archiv>'s. Ami this does not 
ve the names of all settlers, as all would not sul)seribe 
j) the oath presented by the Proprietors ; and only two 
re named at Middletowu. Put it eontain.s some names 
bt found in the settlements above named. The list is as 
f)llo\vs : 

THE OATH ()E AEEi:clIANl'E 



TAKEN BY THE INHAniTANTS OF NAVESLNK, 1G(')S. 

"Christopher Allmy, Peter I'aii-:er, C^eori^e CJjute, 
NK'holas Brown, Eilward Patterson, George Hulntt. Jo- 
t^rh Parker. Lewis Mattox, Jarob Cole, (bihriel Kirk, 
IWph Huit, Jcdin Sloeum, S;ouu.d Shaddock. Thomas 
l»» right, Thomas Waui-ite, John Havens, Bash Shamgun- 
'^«e, Edmund La Fetra, John Hall, l^)bert AVest, Sr., 
Ijohert West, .Ir., Abraham Brown. Willia<n N.-w.Mian. 
pauei.; Masters. 

i -fhc Names of the lidiabiiaiits of Mid lletowu upon 
->av('sink that dot- subscribe to the oatli of a.llegiaiiee to 






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FIRST PUJiCHASEKS. 3G1 

tlie King uiul fxiPlity to the Lords P)-opriet<jrs. And tlie 
oath is this, that }ou diul uny of you will bare, &c. 

•Tames Gkovei;, 
joiix bowne." 
In the list as fO])ied in Xoav Jersey Archives, the 
name of Thomas Wainwright is erroneously given as 
Thomas AVaiisic-k ; the co])y at Perth Amboy has it 
Thomas AVanrite. which was meant for Thomas AVain- 
right, Avho v.'iis a settler at the time. 

FIRST PUPtrHASEES. 



The follr)v,iiig persons named among first pur- 
chasers, did not settle in Monmouth, though memliers of 
the families of m(>st of them came here : 

Jol) Almy, Pidiard Borden, Samuel Borden, Geri-ard 
]journe, John Jjowne of Fliishiiig, Ij. I., Francis Brinlev, 
Joseph Jb'ver, Henry Bull, AValtcr Claike, Thomas Clif- 
ton, William (.'(xlington, Joshua C'oggcshidl, John C'oi.ke, 
Nicholas iJavis, Thomas F>ui!gan, Peter Eastou lov 
Esson), Gidet)?! Fieeborite, Zacharv (biuntt, AViiliam 
GifFord, Djiuiel (touuI, B il;)]i (louldsmith. 'Jdnnnas Hair. 
Samuel Holeman, Obadiah Holmes, John Hormlell, AVil- 
liam -lames, Jolm Jenkins, James Leonard, Miirk Lurar, 
Thomas Moor, William !~^hackerly, lienjamiu Sjieare. 
Xath.-miel Silvester. Koijeit Story, John Tilton, Nathaniel 
Tomkins, Edward Tliurston, Marmaduke A\'ard, (xeorge 
Webl), Edward AVIiarton. 

\\ illiaiu (moulding, one of the pa.tfuitees, remained at 
(iravesend until iCi'.K.', when he sold out there and it is 
sujiposed t'lat thci. iii his old age he came to Monmouth 
to live v.'ith rehtliNes. 

AAilliam Beape, another patentee, dit'd inlt>7(): his 
v.idov,- and children settled in ^Bmniouth. 

SETTLEBS OF .ALIBiHjyK )WN. 

'J'lie Town Jiook of old Middletown, in its tirst entr\- 
(latixl J)"eeml)ei' iSO, BW)?, >hows that the home )<its laid 



362 



IIIST;»];Y of .>fnX.Mi)UTH AM) oCEAX CorNTIi: 



out ill MiMdiotowu V, (Mv t'liii'tv-six in nuin1)i'r niul in order 
from one to tliirty-si\ ;;inl iiilott«}'.l ;is follows; 

.T(Vliu Ivuckrnan, I'Mward Tui'tto. .rolni ^^'ilson, Walter 
AVail, Joliii Siuitli, ]|i<'liavd Stout, ilicliard (liltl)oiis, 
Tlioinas Cos.. .Jonatljan Holm;;s. (leor^e Motiut, A\'!!li;!!u 
C7i?^€)r)!;iii. A)itlio)iy Page, Samuel Hohnuan, ^\ iliiam 
Laitou, A\ iliiam ('om])tori, James (drover, Steven Arnold, 
Samuid Spiet'i', .Ldin Stout. O'oadiali Hidnies, Ijenjannu 
Deuell, Job Throckmorton. Jame.s Aslit(>n, Jolm Throck- 
morton. Uiliiam Goulding. William ri('a[H', j-^d\vard 
Snath. John L'owne, Denjaudn J>urden. Samuid Spicm'. 
AVilliam Lawrence, Daniel Estall, lioliert Jones. Thomas 
Whitlock, liicimrd SaiUor, James (irover. 

()at-lots were also surveyed, nund)erv'd and granted 
to the settlers, and the lot given to eacli one entered in 
tlie Town Book. 

The lots at ro];Ti.:iM> Pojxt, at oi near Highlands, 
wert:- awarded in regular oi'der as follows : 

John H(n'al)en, James Bowne. IMchard llichardsoii. 
.Piandall Huet, Sr., H-nry Peicy, John Bird, Pturnhdl 
Huet. -Tr.. William ]];iwne, ^\'iiliam Shackerh-. 



BECOPD 01' C'ATTLE MARKS AND ESTPAYS. 



The record of cattle marks and <>i 2strays in the ohl 
Dovei' Town P>o>jk gi\-'S tin- nanu-s of ma.uy old residents 
not found elsewhere in the liook. and in some cases the 
parts of tlie triwn.-.hi}> wh'-re they resided. 

The cittle maiks oi the f'")llonii;g persons were 
recorded : 

Prancis J^.-tt^., IT'^o. GaPriel W()o Imansee. 17^•■o, 
John Grant, 17^:), subse(|ueritly transferred to Jamcs D. 
"Williur, Daud ^iVo.,,inian. 17>^o. transfrivd to Jesse 
^^ oodm.anscc. 17'.''.', Job Chamberiain. ls7-5, Samuel 
"\\ o'Mlinansec. ]'.<}. Th(vna>^ \'roodmanNee, 17''^4, James 
Bir.h l~s4, Elias And.u-.-.on. 17^b Edwards Wilhur, 17bl-. 
Janit's Allen, i7''^"). John ('hadwick. 17'S.'), >,u"i>^e(_juently 
trdcn bv ■WUiiaiu Ghadwick, .Voi«l Akins, 17s"». D;ivid 
Indav, 17^5. V\'ir)i;i,m Joiinsoii, 11.^7, Dani<] Johnson, 



RECOltD OF ('AT'J r.F. MAIIKS AND ESTIiAYS. 



17S8, Ed'.vard Fliii. ITSS. PiitttTsnu AVcntL, ITSS, Aireu 
ChaiJiborhiiii. 17SS WiUiaiu WillMtur, IT'^S, Jauios Irons. 
1788, Geori^e Cook, 17SS. L-vi Piatt, 1788. John ^\i\- 
l)our, 178:> .Tohii PaUoii, 178.) ( 17'.'iV:'i. P nijju.iiiii Guy- 
Lr-rson. 17S'.t, Thomas Iwrd, 17S'.), Williaa. Woolley, 17'.M), 
Nathaniel Dickonson, 1700, Jolni Milhir, 17*J0. Enoch 
Potter, IT'.n. .Tatius (li.iniheilaiii. 1 7'.i7, Abrahaui Phatt. 
17*.n. Jolni D:"h.!i--, 171!'), Elihu CMialwiek, 1701, Isaae 
Perce, 17t)l, Josliua Frasoe. 170:J, Gi-een Worth, 170:;. 
Peter Stout, 171>:5, John Irons, 1701, Williaiu Giti'orJ, 1701. 
James Fitz,i;end(l. 170-3, Joseph Piatt. 170."), John llnssell. 
1790, Josepli Api)le-at". 1701;. Josepli Picliards. 1700. 
AVilliam Ai)]>ie--ate. ]70(;, Jolm Pl.irt. 170(;, AViiliani 
Chainl)erlaiit. 1700, Joim \\'o>-tli, 1707, Daniel S:out. 1707, 
Jacoh Jeilerv. 170S, Jesse Jetierv, 170S. .[acoi. Applegjite. 
1708, ll'iijiuniii LawreucM, 1800, taken hy Eil\vi)i Jackson, 
1822. Gissi)ert(;il)eson. 18:)(), Jospplt Waers, 1801. William 
King. 1801. Samuel Pvimlh'v. Is'll, Zcl).Mlc'e Collins. Isn2. 
John Havens. Jr.. 1802. Warren Attison, 18(!:;. William 
HaywooJ. 181):?. Aml)r<.s(' Jones, 180:1, Francis Jeffery. ISOO. 
John A'annote, ISlO. loseph Eawience. IsjO, Isaac 
Gulick, l.spl. ^^ illia.m Hulse, l8i:i. William L Imlay, IsU. 
Jacob Stou.t, 1.^11, William P. Amacks. Isl8, taken l)y 
Dillon Wiil.ur, Islli. David Hillianl. l8l0. Daniel Ro-^-rs. 
1822, J(^siah Prand. lS2;i. Abraham < ). S. Havens. Is2:i, 
Moses Achor, 1Sl>1. 

The following persons recorded estrays: 
John Pichards('>n, 1704, Pobprt :\lcElvey, 1701. Ed-A-aid 
Will) ill-, I<aiah Hopkins. 1704. John Pah cock 170."), Tanmthy 
Papv, UO."), Patrick Pogei-s. 170.'). John Piatt, Jr., 1700. 
Tliom.as Erdvcr. 170(;. l^,a.ac Powers. William Polhemns. 
1707, John Millars. Toms Piver. S.unuel Havens, ^^'illian: 
E. Inday, Tonis Piver, Jacob Tiltou. Kettle Creek. -J;u- 
thew [lo\V(d, John lioe.-rs. Pavtholomew Ajeph^gate. jieai 
Pidgev,-ay"s Mill, 170s. L>rt -r Gulick, Isoo. Enoeh Jone>. 
1801. Pete! Jaqiiiss, Toins PivtM'. -l.acob A]']»1ee;ite. -^r., 
Abiaham Woolley. 1,S07. :^l;irgaret Dird. ISOO, .Limes T. 
Xewell. John P.dtens, IsPi. Joim \\'ilbur, Ebene/.er Apple- 
gate, 18] :i,. Job Eeinnn>n,;8i.. bSl 1, Jesse Rogers, l8ir),Joliu 



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.3()1 H!S'J-()KV or .MON.MOL'J'JI AND OCJIAN COUNTIKS. 

iM.wkn', V:\n\ Pottor. .John Cornlin. ],SlS, J-:ii/;il)eth Vhai, 
ISIU, •lauit's Irons, jvt'tilt^ ("reek, John l^rtts. sontli siih- 
C'otlar (hi't'k, lS'2l), Janu-s Bh-iko, J)(ivi'r Foi\i;(\ Vincent 
lliros, .losi pli -lohnson, 1 S'J'J. .lolni 15. A])]>loii;ato. -lanies 
S. llcynohls, J)avi(lJ()ni's, KiMth> Ciofk, LS-i.'!, Honiv llun- 
von, ]aS'2I. (iarii/t Irons, Ji-., IS'i."), A\'illiani ^Vi]li;lnls. Dover 
Forgo, J. Stafl;honso, Dovor I'nrnaro, .Jonathan J, (-wis, 
LS27, .less;e E. Phitt. Isaac Fieldor, -Joliu Franson, for 
Saninol G. \\'ri^lit, Dov(.'r I'hirnace, ISil'^. 



GEOCrllAFHICAL INDEX 



TO MANUSCltlPT COPY SURVEYS, OCl'AN COUNTY. 

Applogat'.'\s Frook, 10; Apph';j;ato's o-e^k oin])ties into 
^lanchestcT" t'ove. -u ; A])[)]cLi;ato's milk '-Vl : Apph',i;ate 
F^bernor's old sawmill iJTirF no;tr .\.hrni. Sclunn-k's, 
on a In-anch Kettle creek, '24; ,\rney"s Cedar swam]) 
on A\^ran^le, lo ; Arney anil Ch'irM-s' swamp ( llnrri- 
cane?), IT; Allison, Fenjamin, lions.' l:\)rk-e(l Fiver, 
between Middle and Stuith F;anches (I77"i, "21); 
Allison, Fobert, honse. sonth side Toms Iviver. -)') ; 
Aliens 'dd sawmill. '■'>■'): Allen's old Lnastmilk '■)'.>: 
Allen, .lanu'-s, lavenai i J s-2.Vi, .ll ; Allen, -lann's, saw- 
mill (FSiiOi, :;'.); Aih-n, James, o-ristmill, J'.l. 

13. 

Bo)\U, William, honse. 27 .r2 ; Firds, John, 21 12; Fow- 
aks, (larrf't. wi;.':wani, S; Fennets Fnn, IH ; Fens 
Jjrid,<::e, :JI; F.Iack's Frook, 10, F'). IS; Flack's Swam [>, 
IjS; Forden's Ibof.k, S ■'.' ; Forden's Fun. 2:5; Fare 
Swamp K)l»hoiuin '.0, 11; F.'.iv Fark Island in Flack 
Swamp. 'AS; 15eaver Dam, F>lack"s Frook, b") ; (Jld 
Foaver Dam, F"; ; 15onne'll, kMw., Swamp, 17 21 ; Fai'- 
tk'o.'omews F>ranch, :5I. 

CD 

Cedar CrtM-!:. C(J;ir Creek that emjitios into ?*letete7 
cunk, 11; C-Ml.ir Fiidi^e Cr^ek, li.-.u' Ab-letiu-nnk. ."iJ ; 
Call Creek 177.'); ISDl, 2S- ;",'.» : Cohl Sprin-, Cohl 
Spi'ir,-' Fan crt.'ss'.'S road from Toms Fiver to Cross- 



• fl • I I' 



vW •)Ii'.M 



GEOGltAPHICAL INDEX. i-J'H 

Avicks, 10: Coward's Tord. or Deer Ford. ;d)uve 
Sclienck's mil]. :J4 ; Counishauijock, 13 ; nien]- Hiir- 
rieaue '?) Coiioasee Braiudi, 29 ; Cougasee Pond, -j'.i ; 
Cabin Creek, Cabin Branch, Calu'n l^rook, liO : Cabin 
Brook, (Julm Bieree'si, -i:] ; also called Pole Biid.^je 
. ]5rancli, 1(1; also called John Pierce's Branch, l(i; 
Cowan's Branch of Bidgway, (l:;V,. Crossuicks 
Creek, New Egypt: Cay Creek. Oyster Creek. (Ml : 
Cox A- Mead's s.-iwnuil. Oyster Creek. 24; Collins' 
Zeb. 27 MT luiil, -M 7, r,o ; Cu1,e Pam, 41 2 ; Cum- 
berland Neck ,ou lai-gestmapi between Borden's Bun 
and next Branch soatli: (/umlx^rland (S'jataciUohonm 
8-28 ; Clayton, (Ashei-), Swajuj), '.». 

Davenport Brftnch. 12: Davenport Tavern Branch. ,1750) 
18; Daniels' Branch. Crdar Creek; Dr. Johnson's 
Long Swamp. 24: Dr. J..hns(,n's Ishind, Dilh.n's 
Island, (17(51) 21 2s ; Drlon-s. 41 (42 Vi ; Deer P(m.b 
(Davenport ?) 22. 

Elisha's Branch, Em ley's grist mill (17!,'2i on Jake's 
Branch, 32; Eagle Point, Poms Pdver. 27: J:aNtwood's 
sawujill. Cedar Crt-ek, U ; .,.!<] sawnnlj l."), Kjiu.w 
Brook, or Lyells" sawmill branch. 1(1 Is ; Everiii:--- 
ham sawmill 'i7:)ii;. IT) 20; I'.mlcv Sand's Sw;ini|> 
(Black Creek •.^), IC. 

Fishing or Kettle Creek. 12 21'.: i'ccnchs Swam]), near 
Hurricane, 13; Forked ibari.-l!. Hiirrn-ane; Forked 
Braucli, Dene's M]]l ; l^nk.-d (bdiy. oi, nortli lujuich 
Toms Hiver, a little above p.nt -^ Mill, ;;."■); Factorv 
Branch, Ce.iui' Creek: i'au.ui. :P])i}ip,) house, s': 
Federal Furnace. 33 -7 S; Folly \hi]n Ibanch, 34. 

Grassy Hollow, on TmIus Piiser. ;;'> •. ( r:><.dw;;ter, (ireiMl 

Branch (Wiangle o, (.h-.-.n Piaucji K'crr!,^ (Vet-k, 3.3; 
Cbiunlt's Jjrancli, iieaii liancc, us; (rooiPnclc Po;i..| 
(17r)()), ;|4, (]7(d .22: C.'ave. Ph.- 21: (iunjberts.m! 
Ben., sawmiH, 37 S; Ouin-ks sawmiil. > Ol);i,,i!oii .. 
43; Crandin s J'^olh , li'. M*n JJeiii,, tt.-, umiyi 



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of')'") IIISTOIIY OF MONMOUTH AXI> OCFAN COUXTIKS. 

Iluvric.'iih' l'>i';U]i-li, llnirjr.uio S\v;iiii|). liiirric-aiu^ A\ oods. 
■J.V. ILii-iis r,r;uicli, llak,uii;i]ia, S; Kall'-^^'ay ])ave!i- 
j'lort. ](); ]Ji>lia.'s A' Pioliiiis' sawiuill, i'.'J; llunu-r, 
.Iwsliua. i]7i'»"2i s;i\viiiill. ( lliJ-'A-ay's) •J-l- ; Hii-koi-y 
Tavt-ni, 'M : Haiio\fr Furiiacf. Hulot t's Sw.-mip, 
(Cedar Crook?. 11 : Hu]<-tt. lu.l.ert. ilTlSi dwolliii-- 
Goodliu-k, 1-2 Ki: ir.ddiri- Al.nuais, dam, ilTlSi ]•_> ; 
Jio1i)i'.'s, ]). and .]., mill, ilTl'iC)!. 'i-"* ; ].)aiiiol and doim 
]). 27 1 ; Oil Suiilci u Jiraiioli. pi'coaoly near wlicro it 
eir)})titMl into "W'raiiglt- dli^'Ii, '-'/I : IJ.ourll. Matl!lo^\^ 
lionso, lioad noi'tli lu'anrh ?»li)<(]nili) Covo i 1 T'..'-") ', •!!.; 
Hellon, Josfpli, iitdd. now A an X.iits, brtwcon Iv-'ttle 
Croolc and nortli hranrli ^Moscdido Covo (^IT-t*)). '.'>~y. 

X 

Iiiday, ]>avid. ilTD'.)' .i;a-ist niil],:!'^; .Ta];o's JH-a.noli, :;s ; 
L-Jsli r>raiu-]i to 1 );n-cnni)rl. :I7 ; Irisli AJill.-. lEli-lia 
J.av.-ri'iicc ., l'-^; Indian Srau'c, L'l! ; Jndian IJ ill wr St(jne 
Jiilk :;4-(;-'.>: ]vLnid Swamp. lo-lS; Ivins. Caleb, 

a* 

Jones, Christ >jt!i,-r, 41 ; .Tai-k";^ IJi-idu-o ov.-r Pampsliiro, 
Jake's l^ranrh il7(d >. "j:!; Jctrrir.^' .1 Jranrli of Jaic^'s, 
oJ ; J.'iiVit.-s' J)i-id!;i', Ji)so])h r,awri'U<-''V Swani]>, 10; 
JolniSdjM, ] )r., Loiiu' Swamp. 1 1 ; .I<din-r>n. l)r., Jsland. 
11; Ja('(d)"s sawnnlL (17f')d! '2'2. 

Xotlle Crerk. 11 lH -Jn ; K.-ttk- or Id-liin- Crook, ^^2•2i)■, 
]\ottle Crork, sawmill tlioiTon. 11. 



l^awn S\\amp, Toms lli\,r: Lonu' Swamip or AVr-^nae- 
\n('>v(\ '.). Id, -21 ; ])r. Johiixni's Lou-- Swamp, 11; 
Luker DaaLks lu.usf. Ti; Lnk--r's Trrrv ( 17 ]'•» i 12- 
1.^; laikr)-"s iMMiadi, AVran.ide 22. Davmporl, 17, 22, 
1 M mile:. Ir.Mt) Tom's Kivr. 22 : Tinker's llrid-c, 
ov(-r ] )a-\cnjii>rt, 21: Lnk.-r, Tll(.ma^^, house 2'.'; 
Lyll's Sav, Alill i;i-,.,.k..r Jdl.MW llianrli, ir,, l.S; 
Lonuaroijiini;-, 2."i, al>< )\f Sc'lidick's Mill; Jiaw )c!icO 
(.Jos. ) Swani]! lit. 



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GEOGiiArmcAL ini)j:x. :-)()' 

IVX 

Mill C'j-Ofk or (^)uail Jluii ; >I;iiii;i]i;ii[u;i or l\u|n;i, IT.n '.). 
(1750) lo. !(*), -HI :'.8, 4(1 ; Mt't<-t.'C<.iik Bri.l-v 1 1 Ti'.] i -J-.! ; 
Mirey Run, N. 11. siJe X. E. l)riLiK-li Tnui's lliv.!, 11, 
runs into alunit Irish ^iilis i Larut-.-l nia|» Ocaii (';•.«: 
Maple Ti^.ot. !>, l-J. 11: Ma-oua-asa Creek falls into 
Sueeess, '21; Millstone Eiver, 0, 13; MontuduuM'v 
Bridge iU ?i over T)aAen]K)rt. "i-J ; Mill Hill 1- >rke'a 
Eiver (1751) 111 17: Mt)selieto Cove ilODOi 17. :jl:; 
^Moselieto Cove, South 13ran«-h. 17 ; ^loscheto Cove, 
Timothy AVilletts hoir<e, 17 ; Mosi-heto Cove ("rt-ek, 
18; ]\[orgau Branch or Clully, '2o. 

Naked Branch, Cedar Creek ; Xe\v Enuland Branen. 27. 

<z> 

01)houon. S 1() : Oyster Creek or Cay Crne'k, 5, ; Oyster 

Creek oi' Forked Bi^er. S, '.) ; Old Hok(Mnalia, S. 

IP 

Paqua ; Pine Bi'ook. S, 15 : rirmpsht-ar's Creek, Is, ol: ; 
32, 9, -11 ; Pumpshear's Bj aneh, lMi>se]ieto Cove, 'M- 
9 ; runi}'shear*s Saani]).M7^ South >iile ^lo-ehelo. 39 ; 
Jack's Brid^p Swani[», 39. ds this tlse "Porii]j.>hire"' 
of Sndtli's Hist. Indian Treity Vi ; Pole Bridge Run. 
South side Success, opposite Pole Bridge Run. 12- 
16; Pole Bridge Branch of Toms Ri\er, or John 
Pierce's Branch, 10: Pole Bridge Branch head- 
water of Rancociis in Manchester (37): Pas- 
couassa or Salter's Suamp, 1<>; Potter's saw- 
mills, 1 1775) 2s : Potter's Run, S ; Pc>tter"s Creek; 
Polhenius" Lauding, (1795) 35 : PrJhenius' sa^v-nlill. 
(ISUO) 39; .lohn Pierce's tract, lli : Pierces Cai)in 
Brook, 23 ; Pine Tavern, 37 : Phillii^s Roa.l, (1719:13 ; 
Panglmrn's Mill (1753) lS-29. 

K. 

Ridge way or Soutli Branch of Tom's River ; Randolpli 
Braiicdi, Cedar C'l'Cck, 29 ; Pound Swarnii or 3Iana- 
pa(]ua, 9 ; Riding Over I'lace, 9-10; RetMly I-iaiul, 
38 ; Reedy C le-'k, acjir Kettle Creek, proWahly ]\let- 
eteconk Xeck, 3iS ; ];unnell^. James, house Soutlt side 



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o<;s hts'joi:y 01' .AroxMoiTH and ockan counties. 

]Mott'(t'f()nk ; Iviil^wav's s;i\v-mill (ITSNi ;)1 2S ; ]l;iii- 
Jolpli -liaiidall's saw-mill, '.\'2. 

South liun of 'roin's llivor, helow Sutton's Caliiii, US 41 ; 

Stouo Fi^'ure i ITl'O) ;!7 ; Sti)iio JliU or liiiIi;Mi Hill, 

o4 (i; South lirauch Toui's rii\'Hr. :!S ; Succt'ss ~\Iill. 

1'2 (pi-r)l)a1)l}' Jvlward J]e;iko"si; Sueci'ss Dwr-lljug 

House, IT); Suce-ei^s 3[ill Ih'ook, lO; Slah J'ranch of 

Toms Ivivei-, (:!'2?i; Slah Jiritl-o lluu, South of 

Toms Kiver, 'A'2. ;>S, -10 :!: Suulu-u Jn-auch, Toms 

Eivor, of '\\'i'anu;le.">-I ; Shamoi-, ilJiaut-hof llid^'way ;) 

Sliata(juflr.iiiu- or C'umlierl.'unl (or ]>oriltMrs IvunV) 

Saltor's Swam]) nn il urrieaue, 10 : S:iU>.m-'s Swamp, 

Black's brook, 10 ; Sloop Creek, 10 ; Starkie's Cedar 

S\var)i]), j Hur)it'aiie. i 11; Staikic's Cidlar 11: 

Slirevc/s Swamp, Ohhouon, 11; Srhenek s ?irill 

(ITiil) 'l^oms liivt:']'. "J."! ;'iO; Sdit'iiek's house, '2'.}; 

Seheurk"s :\[ill, Kettle Cr.-»dv-, 'M ; St-h.-uck's saw-mill, 

formeily Ap])lei;ate"s, I12 ; Southards Xfck on 

AV)-am>le, "is. 

1? 

Tiee's Lridi^e, ijo ; Tiec's Urouk, '-V-] ; Tire Van Hoi'Ji's 
IJrook ; Tic>'"s LandiuL;, Foi'ks Toms Jlivtn", 4'2 : 
Tunes' ])rook and Crt'ek (ITKDj :!8-'.i; Tilton's saw- 
mill, IS. 

XJ 

Union Ihanrh ; Union saw-mill, '-VI .')S ; Union Uroi/i; that 
falls into AVi-anr^le, IS I?;. 

A'an Horn's llrook, ' 17o2 I IS; Van Horn's iT^Iatthew i ?»Iill 
[17.r2j IS. Van Horn, old mill, il71):)i :}:; ; Van Horn 
iTieej Jnidi.';!' and Jjramdi, '■'>'■): Van Horn I ^^Tat. i 
Hiid<;f i 17»;0j 2-2. 

AVranpd^- Crfck | H-'iO ; KU Wel.l.'s ^[ill i17".h;i :;•;; AVrhl.'s 
Alill Hianrh; A\ eL;n."ir-mest'e or JiOng Swamp. '.• : 
A\ Jnte ( )ak Hollnw, South side 'l\;ms KiNcr road to 
(len. ?i[ouuts, 11 ; Wdiilr- Oak Hotloni; 'Wio/s' Tiin- 
othv j j 17(' I ; ^>aw-miU lirook, 2'.'> ; W illiams..)<i]in, .saw- 
mill I17.7.V I'.l. 



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EAiU.Y SriJVEYS IN OCEAN rOUNTY. ;)(>9 

■"ST 

iaiikee Brid^'e | D;ivoiipo)-t i 'I'l ; Yetiiiau, John, 40. 

SB 

Zeb. Collins, 27-o7. 

EARLY SniVEYS IN OCEAN COUNTY. 



It is e^id(•ut that not long after Middletown an.J 
Shrewsbuj'v were settl^-d, explorations were made in be- 
half of the pro]jrieto]-s in what is now Ocean Couut-y, 
particularly of land idong the seal)oaid and Barnegat 
Bay. In IGSo, the Governor and propi'ietf)Vs, from their 
ofllico in London, issned "Instructions concerning setting- 
out of Land,"' in which they say : 

YI. That wherever there is a convenient ]^lot of land 
lying together containing twenty-four thousand acres, as 
we are infoj-med will more especially be at Barnegat, it 
be divided and marked into twenty-four parts, a thousand 
acres to each jiroprioty, and the pa^ts Ix-ing made as equal 
as can l)e for (pmlity and situation ; the lirst connns 
presentlv settling, are to hav(^ the choic,:^ of the division, 
and where several stand e([u;d in tli;it respect upon equal 
terms and time of settling, it be determined by lot. And 
that such proj^erties as are in th'^ rights of miir'n's or 
v/idows, whii'li as bv aci'ide)it may want proxies, or be 
ignorant of things thei'e, may not l)o ]'rejudiced. and yet 
such plots may not remain unsettled, the Deputy (bner- 
nor and Commissioners are allowed to let small jvirts iii 
the chief i)laces of settlement, upon the shares of such 
Y)ro]n'ietors at some small feejier annum to ])oorfamilit's, 
not exceeding fifty acres to a family to secure the 
quantity." 

In old paterits and surveys, all the water fi-ouj Little 
Egg Harbor to the head of the bay near Manasquan was 
calle<l Barnegat Bay and the land adjoining was often 
called Ijarnegat. 

The folhnving is a list of early surveys in what is 
novv Ocfan county. The large tracts were for ]~ii'o]irie- 
tai'v I'itihts. The smaller tracts wei'e what were t-allfd 



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oTO IIISTOKY OF .MOX.MUUTII AM> OCKAN COUXTIES. 

"liea»ll;iii(ls/" As previously stutctl, tli-^ i>ro})vi(,'tois, in 
their gvuuts hhJ fouL-i^ssioiis, a^rood to ^ive to actual s'-t- 
tlers a (•eitaiii Jiuinix'i' of acres t'(>r each li^'atl iu tin:- 
fauiily ; to cat/li iiiau lliM aci'es ; to liis witV l"i!» acr^s : to 
each cliiM !l() oj- (id acr^s, etc. The settler eouhl take 
tills laud all ju (jue i)o,ly or jiart iu one ])laee and part in 
rtuother. 

FiEV. WILLIAM MILLS. 



AN OLD MON:\l(JUT}i PKKACHEi; AM) A IIF.UO OF THE WAi;. 

The follo^vin^ sketch of Mr. 3Iills is l)_\ llev. Geori^e 
A. luixljold, author of Methoilism iu AVe.st Jersey, whose 
ministratious iu ()ct;auaud 3Ioiiuiouih ('ounties souu-. tiftv 
ye:irsaj;r> ar3 favorahly r ■lueuib^red by niaiiv old citizens. 

" Mr. Mills was a n:itive of Mounujuth, oi (^u;d^er 
descent. The lii'e of patriotic fet-ling iuduced him, 
(Quaker as he was, in 177r,. to enter tlie American armv 
in which he became an (■filc'^r. lie was taken prison(fr 
by the Brjlisli and was sent, after beini;- changed from 
one vessel to aiiother, to the West Indies. At length lie 
was carried to Enro])e, fiom wheiui-e at the close of the 
war, he returned homt> ;iuil ;igiiiu settled in New Je-rsev. 
Aliont tlie year 17'.>'2 the ]\lethe,dist prea(dn'rs came into 
the region of country where he resided. His wife soli- 
cited him to hear them, but he resisted, stating his belief 
th.it li«^ ii.ul tifcu so ^\ickl■ll his da.v of grace was past. 
By a remark;! ble dream he was at IcuLith cornTucinl that 
tliere was mercy for him. He then atteudiMJ the mt.-ans 
of grace, until as he sought the Lord with all his h(\'irt. 
he soon found peace. He became a memljcr of the hrst 
•dass formed in the vicinity of Shrewslmrv iu Monmouth. 
Soon after, he began to exhort cithers and was a])pointi'd 
chiss leader; and in the spring of 17'.''.' Im was received 
irdo th(> traveling connection. His lab.jrs ;is an itiner- 
ant began on ALiiford circuit. ]3ela\vare. from wln^rn^' he 
was sent to vai'ious places ami linallv returned lo .Jersey. 

In ISLilie VvMs sejit to Freehold, the place' of his 
nativity and the first tield (jf his Christian efforts. The 



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A ]u:MAi;KAr.i.E ixdiax. o71 

soklioi' ^\\\c, h.nl faeeJ death at the cannon's moutli <ni 
the hind and en the sea, now, as his end approacdieih in 
reality I't-lt no feai'. He had a presentiment of his death 
find tohl his Avife tliat "death seemed to follow liiin 
everywhere." His ze;d in velip:ic)ns nnatters increased. 
The last time he left home he gave his wife sundry 
directions and advice in case he should die. He started 
as v.'ell as usual, and tilled all his a})p(.)intments, preach- 
ing most fti'vently until a short time hefore his death. 
On the finutli of Deceml-er he left Long Branch, met 
class, and then returned to Mr. Li|)|)encott"s at the 
Branch. On Sunday mcjrning he wi'iit into a room in 
Mr. LipijKMicotts to prepare for the service in the churcli, 
wliicli was t(^ commence at half-past tt-n o'clock. The 
congregation Avas then collecting and the family, think- 
ing he stayed too long in the chamber, sent in to kn(j\v 
the cause and found him fallen in a lit of apoplexv. 
almost deprived of sense. After a time he revived a 
little and on l)eing asked if they should send for medical 
aid he replied : "The Lord is the l)est physici;in."' At 
al)out twelve o'clock the stupu! and other unfaAru'able 
symptoms return^Hl ; he lingered until about six the next 
morning and then }ieaL-efnlly de}iarted for a world of 
rest. 

In the year lSl'2, the year ])rsvious to Mr. Mills 
being sent to [)reacli in Fri^ehold circuit, the number of 
meml»ers embraced in the charge was seven lumdred 
and thirtv-six. 



A EEMATJvABLE IXDTAX. 



The foll<'V\ing is an additional well-au.thenticated 
acctnm.t of that noted Indian chai'acter, Indian "Will, 
originally furnished to the ^/%//- J'/\^s : 

ILry skrn tiij^itln-r ; tln-ir au-jk-m li;ill.s jnoltUT nway . < rLosts arc- 
'jfcn there at neon : the vall:-y is silt-nt, -.mA tLt- iicjiilt- slmii the pluv of 
Laiui'i. Ui-^.i'Ait'^ War <j; '''tros. 

Loi:g. lon.g years ago, when this scH-tion. of ccuntry 

]K»r<l('iin</ on the Atlantic ocean was one continttous 'vild 



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3ri HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

waste. A\'it]i notliiii^- s;ive stinted pines iind scrul) oak to 
greet the eye of the unfortunate wanderer wJio might he 
traveling this way, there was a hind (^f half civilized 
Indian, wlio lived at Indian Field, at the head of Shark 
Iiiver, and was known to the inlniliitants around as 
Indian Will. His old cal)in v/as a half civilized looking 
affair, composed of mortar, stone, logs, and Jiides. the lat- 
ter formerly covering the animals that were so unfortu- 
nate f'S to fall Leneath the fatal point of his indes linger 
■ — for legend has it that AVill was gifted with a strange 
powe';' ; whenever an animal or foAvl became the object of 
his desire all he had to do was to ]ioint at it with his 
index tinger, and the same Avould fall dead, as if stricken 
by a bullet or a Jlint -headed arrow. 

Acc(,>rding to Indian fashion. Will was a married 
man : his squaw canie, so it is said, from the western 
section oi >sew Jersey, and like himself, was from the 
c)ld Delaware tribe of Indians, whose early history is 
enshrined in t[uite a halo of ghnw. Will was, des]»ite his 
lialf civilized life, a true liidian, ])ossessing all tlie 
stoicism of his race, and the s;tme inditi'erence t(^ the 
taking of hrrmau life, wlien jt in any wav contlicted with 
his whijus. Hannah, lik(^ all Indian wives, of the two — 
she and Iter iius])aud — had the haid»^st time of it. She 
dressed the g;une and cleaned the lish, and, in fact, did 
all Ih.e v.'ork thej'e was to be done in aiid armind th'^ 
cal)in, while her lord and master, Indian Will, vras off on 
fishing excursions, or in the f'jrest of stinted pines, point- 
ing his ringer at n limping rabbit, opossum, or quail, us it 
chanced to be. 

One day Indian Will v/as out on a hunting ex])edi- 
tion, and left Hannah, who was sick witli the measles, to 
get along tiic best slie co'.dd in the heje cabin. In a 
little pat.di just back of tlie cahun Will had managed to 
gi't u[) sntllcient gumotiou to plant s;)me beans, and at 
the time to which we refer they Avere ripe and ready for 
picking. As I said just back, Hannali had tlie nnsisles ; 
her appetite was not of that kiiid that niad(-' nhat she 
had beei) eating heretofore ])alatai»le ; she liartUy knew 



A REMAIiKAl'.LE INDIAN. 37o 

■what she did want ; she liankered after something-, and iu 
an unfortunate moment her eyes rested on the beans ; 
they were just what she wanted ; so, witliout caring, or 
at least lieeding the consequences, she jncked rhem and 
})ut them in the iron })ot in company with a bit of 
oY^ossum. The lire was soon lilazing oij the rude hearth, 
over which hung the sooty crane, from which was pen- 
dant the iron pot containing the beans and opossiim. 
Hannah ate heartily of the savory dish, and the results 
were, as far as her feelings were concerned, decidedly ben- 
eficial, but as far as her future welfare Avas concerned it 
was otherwise. The legend saith nought of the extent of 
time AVill was absent,but,at all events, when he return.edhe 
noticed, the lirst thing of all, tliat some one had been in 
liis bean j^itch and anniliilated all hopes of liis anent the 
anticipated feast. Hannah was still under the influence 
of her pleasant repast when she was confronted by her 
infuriated l()rd. 

"AVho," he exclaimed, "has eaten my beans'?" 

Poor Hannah, with a stoicism peculiar to her race, 
re]>lied, "I did !" 

" Then you sliall die,'' exclaimed her savage mate ; 
" I will drown you I"' 

Poor Haunalj made no reply, save a pantomimic one, 
which was the embodiment of resignation. 

Indian Will was unrelenting. He commanded his 
dusk}' spouse to direct her foot.-stejis to the neighlxiring 
river, which was in full view (^f the cabin, and followed 
with strident gait close beliirul her. Arriving at the 
water's edge, he seized the iTuresisting oilender, and, 
with apparent ease, plunged her head under the element. 
After holding lier there for a number of minutes he 
drew her head out, when she gave a few gasp>s, iuvlicating 
that life Avas not extinct. AVill again plunged her, as 
before, and Avlien he again drew her out, poor Hannah 
wiis dead. T]ie place where she was <lrowued is still 
known as Dee|i Hole. Xeath a gnarled willow in tlie 
immediate neighbcu'hood, he buried her, Avith her feet 
toAvard the AVost ; Ijy her side he placed a pone of 



oli HISTOllY OF MOlN.MOUT}! AND (XTAN COUNTIES. 

Intliaii bread and some jjjinne, so that slie lui^lit have 
soinetliing to eat while on her jouriu'v to the happy 
liuutiui;' ground. Tliis boing (h)ne, the savage went 
about his business, perfectly uneoneerned, but in all 
probability pained somewhat to know that in the future 
he would have to ))e his own servant. Time ]>assed on, 
I know not how many weeks it Avas, wlien Ifiinnahs 
brothers began to wonder why they tlid ]iot hear from 
lier, or why she did not ]>ay them a visit, as it had l>een 
her wont in tim(;s |)asseil. Among themselves thev got 
to talking over the matter one day, when it was decided 
among them thnr the brother, who rejoiced undi-r the un- 
Indian name of Jaeol). should pay a vi.dt to Indian Field 
and ascertain how matters stood. Jacob's journev was 
on fo:>t, so it necessarily took him a number of davs to 
accomplish tln^ task. Arriving at Will's cainn, he found 
him just }n-eparing some game' for the a})i)easenieut of 
liis gastric longings. 

Jacob wa., sniprised — that is. iu the sense that an 
Indian is surin-iseti — to see the niate^ of his sister in such 
an ignoljle occupation, and asked AVill where Hannah 
wa-'. 

" I drowned her," replied AVilJ, '• because she ate mv 
beans." 

"She was my sister," rejoineil .lacob. •• and it falls 
on me to avenge her death, so you must pre-pare to die. 
Let the struggle between us take place by yon bank, so 
that the same water that beheld Hannah's death may 
also witness thine.'' 

■'AVill Hannah's brother [lermit n:e to eat, and join, 
with me in the least, ere we embrace .iu the death 
struggle?" 

" ]je it so," r?plied Jacol), and both sat down and ate 
of the food, while their respective faces ])etraYed no 
signs of the ominous thoughts tliat were bur(hjning their 
minds. 

During the repa>t not a woi-d w;is spoken l)v either 
'^^ ill or Jacob. The ceremony was (-ventuallv over, 
when the two v.-;dked in single Hie., Will leading the way, 



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until tliev came near to the ])lace still designated ;is the 
Deep Hole ; here they stopped and for a moment stood 
face to face, .racrto v/as the tirst to move ; he rnshed 
forward arid in an instant tliey closed in on one another. 
The struggle for mastery lasted f()r some time, but at 
last AVilhs foot came in (ui]itact with a stublde. and 
down he wenit, with -Tacoh at tlie top ; the latter *^heu 
pulled from his belt a lojig keen knife, with which lie 
intended to fnllid Ids mission. Jac-ob had his victim, as 
it were, pinioned to the ground, and at his nn^^rcv, but 
being, as it were, controlled hy a s[)irit of n\agnanimit}', 
he said : 

"He wh(^ brought Hannah to an untimely end can 
now cast his eyes to the AVcsl, and for tlui last time gaze 
on the setting sun." 

Will a-\'ailfd himself of the opportu.nity, anil when 
doing so, JmcoI), thinking his victim secure, began fumb- 
ling around Ids Ivdt fo]' ;i l)it of Indian weed, for he 
became possess.^d with an irresistible desire to exercise 
his molars, and in an unguardeil niouieid relieved his arm 
from confinement, and sei/.ing a pine knot, dealt Jacob a 
powerful blow in the tem[)le, and over he toi)pled, as 
lifel':-s<s ;is a defunct he]-i'iiig. 

fT.-'ving t-scajied from his peiil. "Will arose fr(uu his 
late uncr)mfortable position, and with a gruid of satisfac- 
tion ga/.ed on tiie prostrate form of his would-be slayer. 
He did not taki' the trouble to burv his virtini, but left 
him \\'iiere h.' died, thinkii:g the wild beust and bu/zard 
couli.l atttmd to the case lu'tter than lie coulil. 

A nunToer of day.-^ following the last nuuitioned fact 
some cij'cumstances led Indi;in W'iil to pass by the spot 
^\diere it oc^-uried, when from some cause he far.cied he 
heard tlie body snore, so In- came trt the coucbision that 
Jav-olj was only enjoying a long slrepi. and feaiing he 
migid, awake- ;tt any tim" and givi^ him fua'ther tniubie, 
jnm])-'d sr- veral tinu's on tin' Viody, and, linallv, after sat- 
i.--fy ing himself thai Jacob was .h>a<l, indii'tei t ntlv covered 
:!t with "arth ainl leaves and passed o]i, and from all in- 
dications t'noUL'lit luimru'i- of it. 



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376 HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

Will was au ludian. and so, for that reason, reuiorsi- 
Wcis souietliiiig that never bothered liini. The days 
went by as days before the late tragic event h;id done. 
He wandered through the echoing forests, and during 
raoonliglit nights he indulged in his favorite pastime of 
bringing down the opossum and coon by the pointing of 
his fatal finger. AVhen not engaged in hunting he would 
linger around the old village inn, or his secluded (^abin. 
and revel in imaginary bliss Ijy drinking the white mans 
firewater whenever he could get it. 

()ne day he was stretched out at full length, urider 
the shade of a tree which stood by his ca!)in ; he was not 
sleeping, but evidently was taking his ease, M"iien he was 
brought to a realization of imminent peril by the apjiear- 
ance of Jacob's three brothers, who iwrnx the fact of his 
not returjiing according to promise, led them to ct^me in 
search of him. ami also to in(]uire into the nnitter that 
was the cause of his j\)urney. 

AVill made no eil'oitK.) evade the (piestions that were 
addressed to him by the three I'.rothers. He told them 
poor Hannah was deavl ; that he drowned her because 
she ate his beajjs ; also that Jacob was dead ; contrary to 
his expectatiijns, in a death struggle Jacob was the 
victim ami not he. 

The three brntheis heard the story, at the conclu- 
sion of which they in uniso]i gave significant grunts, 
when one, win* acte-d as spokesman, tokl \Vill his time 
had come, and that lie must raal^e himself ready for 
death. 

AVith evident resiLination, Will told his brother that 
he Avas willing to die ; that life ha 1 ce;isi:-d to pi.)ss;-s>, its 
charms: but he made one re'pn'st, that was that they 
procure a galhm of iirev/att-r, so tiiat they together might 
have a hajipy time b.'foi-.^ he took his linal departure to 
join his iioor Hannah in t!i ^ land e-f tii ' ( o'eat S:n!'ir. The 
brothers assentenl to ^Vil^s rciiuest, the firewater was 
}>i-ocui-eil, and in the cal)in of tlie conilemned Will the 
ha.pjiy tine s comnuMice.l. The liiMtlit*rs were not back- 
ward in di-inking libera,llv of 11k_' lirewater, and in duc 



(.• 1' ,1 






I '..,.•(• •- ■■■A 



A KE.MAUKABI.E INDIAN. o/ ( 

course of tim«^ wcio fully uiulor its inliueuoe, aiul event- 
ually (Iroppe'.l, one after the other, into a drunken clum- 
ber. AVill, in the nioautime. though he begrudged the 
brothers the wjiiskey they drank, made up his mind tliat 
life was dearer than it, and so pretendful to da'ink a gioat 
deal niore than he actually did, and from all in lii-ations 
was as drunk as they v/ere ; Init wheii sn(^ring'i]i the part 
of the thre(^ averigers commenced, AVill cautiously 
assumed a new role, and l:>egan business. Will procured 
a tomahawk, which n'as near at hand, ami began the 
Avork of destruction. The brother who received tin tirst 
attenti(Ui evidt^itl}' did not know v/lio struck him, but tJie 
second one who was tlie recipioit <>f the murderous Idow 
was aroused to that extent that he was eualiled to gi\e 
birth to sevci'al uin-artldy sounds before he resigned his 
hold on life. The noise nmde by the expiring Imllau 
aroused tlie third l)rother, and would have been, the 
means of frustrating AVid's plan, had not tlu- latter"s d(\u,- 
dashed to the r<-srue ; hf was a kutnvinL; caniiip. and 
seemingly C'omprehended the whole attVur. for lie seized 
the awakened Indian by the throat and held him in posi- 
tion until his nnister cann> forward and culminated his 
murder(_)us phiu. Will stoo 1 up in his cabin, and L>oking 
upon, the bloody W(.ik ln^ h.-el accomplished, sttjicaliv 
said: "Poor Haniiah's gone — four good brothers grme. 
too — all Ijecanse ])or>r H.mnaii ate my b.'ans! Ugh!" 

AVithout mu(di ado Will dragged the bodies of the 
defunct Inddans out of his t-abin. :!:id| a'' a spot a few ri^d^ 
distant ga^'c them wliar he thought to b? a proper burial. 
He then retnrii m1 to his cabin airl resolved him-rdf into 
a committee of investigation to as;-.-rt:iin the quantitv ot 
whisky left for Ids ci easumjition. 

Following his last acliieveiU'-nt A\'rll came to the 
co7ndusi.)n tlint poor Hanna]i"s rid,al:ives W(^uld give him 
no more rronbK_\ Tlie months rolh-d liv ami iie still con- 
tinurtl hi> hf" of hunting and hshing, but for sonu^ r<'-ason 
;'. kind of clouil sci'in-'d to h.ing ov.-r Ids lif..' ; perhaps it 
.vas owing to rh'- fact that AVill's lov,. foj' }iv.>vv;iti'r 
increased an I interf T.'d with his succ;-ss in ol)t;!inini:- 



■n .,t . . -.-...l/f 



M '-: i »i! i' '.'A tu> 



I. ' I' 



378 



HISTORY or MONMOU'J'H AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 



that wliicli enahlc'd hiiti to iiiirchiiso the " Oh, V)e joyi'nL" 
Xear Indian riokl, in AVill's time, there stoc^l an inn, 
the like of whieli wcvo connnon in tiiose days, wlnn'e 
whiskey was nnl)lushi!i;j;ly sold, for evei'v one was ])rivi- 
leged to become tipsy it' he only })ossessed the neces- 
sary wherewithal. At the bar of this old inn. at the time 
to which I liave a }>articular reference, Indian Will had 
become an habitual hanu'er-ou ; he neglected his former 
occupation of hunting and tishing, and owing' to this fact 
was frequently without means to })urchase his favorite 
beverage. Will had already became a debtor to the imi- 
keeper, a.nd so, wheu lie asked for more whiskey on trust, 
he was flatly rrfuseii ; his only reply bi the inukee[>er's 
hat was an habitual "■ Ugh!"' and with the tread of of- 
fended flignity he strutted out of the room, aiid directed 
his course toward the beach. 

Whetlier Will's journey to the beach was for the 
purpose of iddlos(!])hical m:-ditation is a tpiUr^stion that 
has ne^"er been fath.nned ; at all events, to the be;ich he 
M'ent. and with, eyes directed towanl the incoming waters 
proceeded to ]nice dc'Un sh(.)re, leaving his moccasin 
])rints in the shimmering sand. Will had not piroceiMJed 
far in his stroll w hen hn discovered, mucli U< his satisfac- 
tion, u nuu'iber of pieces of shining metal half buried in 
the sand. He e.-igerlv sto<ji)ed down and picked them 
up, and, contrary to ins expectations, tln-y ])rovcd t(^ be 
Spanish dollars. In these dollars Will saw \isions of 
tire-vvater, and }mshing ins seai'di still further, he was 
rewarded vvitli a hau'lfrd of tJie S[)a!iisli coin. Think- 
ing that the quantity of money in his possessicju was 
sittlicient to ]mrcliase v/hiskev eiuyagh to s.-'tisfy his desire 
for days to cnnje, lu' Vvididrew from the 'oeacdi, anvl with 
a \ig(jrous and consi([uential step directed his course 
toward the old inn. 

\\ ills entrance in the i>arroom was a source* r>f sur- 
prise to those there c;uigreg;Lte(i. \\ho had so recently 
seen his ileparturi. , and tln.'ir ,^ur|uis(^ -was iiicr(\ased 
whe-n he strutted u]) to th<' bai' and threw thereon his 
liandful of dollars, exclaimijig at the same time: 



. ■..!■ 



11^ ri.'ti A>l «> 



L -iit/; 



A ItEMAIiKAlU.r, INDIAN. o79 

" Xow will you let Iiuliau Will have morp vrliisl^ey ■.■* " 
The itinki^t'p;H' surveved with niiu;4leil t;rep(l aud 
astouislnneiit \\n- ])i'i)i'uso outjiouiinij; of that \vhi>.'h was 
a scarcity ii) tlip ii<\iuhl»(n']i(io(l and before AVill had tiuif- 
to again express his desire, took down the whiskey 
decanter and tumbler, and told him to hoi]; hiniselh 
Owing to AVilTs recent inipeennious condition he ha<l 
been without his usual portion for an uncommon long 
time, so the present occasion, so far as the magnitude of 
the potation wa< concerned, was an uncomnnjn one. 
Ouing to th.> transformativt^ qualitit\s of the whisker, 
AVills tiiieulent denuN-mor gave away ti> one of a n.iore 
affable nature. S'^ the innkeeper also assumed the 
atf'able, and, after he had safely stored away tlie S))anish 
dollars, persuaileil V.iU to 'follow him into a private 
room, where he und'.'rwent a cry[itic examination. The 
result of thr^ intei-\iew was sini|»ly this : Indian Will 
agreed to ccvuduct th(^ innkeeper to the beach and -^liow 
him where ^he Spanish d'lUars were found. 

The innkeejvq- did not tliink it ]>olicy to go im^nedi- 
ately tc) the l)each. and so retained A^ ill in voluntarv 
conlinement fo)- ;i \\-liile. (.^ne after another left tlie old 
hotel, until lin.diy the guests wer.' all gone. At last the 
two. Will .Old the innkeeper, started for tin^ beacJi. 
Arriving ar tie' spot wliere the eoin \\'as discovered they 
began searehinu,- for additouid treasures. As the waves 
receded tin- itiMk^'ep^r discovered a kind of iron clM'-t. 
half burieMl m tin' san 1. Fortunately tlie tid^' was fall- 
ing, and eiiablcil the treasure trove hunters to obt.-'.iii 
possession of tile trunk without mueh trouble. With 
their unitt'd sll•ell^■t]l they brought it high upon the shore, 
and a ^-ief exan.ination convinced the innkeeper that 
hi- had pii>sessii,n of tlia treasure box from whieli eaine 
the eoin o1)tain('d ])y Indian Will. From tlie action (<l 
the ehunents. thf box had beiui unjointed enouL;li tr> 
eriable the coin to esca]M\ Sutlice to sa.v thatth^' clie-t 
was. as so(ni as circumstam-es would allow, taken to th^ 
inn , which ipon examination pro^■ell to cmitain a princely 
sum of moiiev in Snanish coins. 



I ri:\: -fUnr.:^ -•;. 



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ii ip.j ti .,' ii '/ 



oSO nisTOllY tW M<^'SyinVT}] AM) OCEAN COUNTIES. 

Froia the liiuc of the discovery of the iron chest, 
the life of the iuukeei)er, or utlierwise his mode <^f living, 
niulerweut a radieal change. Pie soon reJiiujuished hi-- 
liostship of the iini aiul built a residence more to liis 
liking in the iininediatt; vicinity. The fact of the discov- 
ery of tlio treasure tr<:>ve was in a measure a secret 
between tlie innkee})er and Intlian AVilL Of course there 
was a great deal of talk al)oat the innkeeper's siidden 
rise in point of wealth ; there w ere surmises in reference 
to it, and they fre(juen.tiy fell little short of the mark; 
in fact — 

rwa;-, lnii._; tilt' talk nf til.; nfii,'ljli01-lloua 

The old innkee|'>er accjuived consider;i.l)le real estate, 
and this, when he had done with the things of earth. 
])assed to his children, who'se descendants to this day 
still dwell along the shore, and can tliank the old oci^an 
and Indian AVilJ for whatever u>^alth they ])os.sess. 

Indian AVill, after tht^ liud. ceased to live in his old 
cabin, and Vj'i'eanie a ]iart and parcel of the inn- 
keeper's iiousehold ; his wants wert- lev,-, and were 

"- . 
ungrudgingly provided bv the innkee))er — the }triiK-i|):il 

wants being tol'acco and tire-water. 

Tr;idjti<jji has it that India!! Will ha 1 two half grown 
sons, who, like the ordinary unddus of our time, delight- 
ed in having t(' do with jiyroteeiinics. 'Jdiey got hold 
of their father's powder hoiai one day and in some wuy 
ignitt.nl its contents ; it flashed u^) and horripi.dy disfigured 
both of their faces. Ijiki^ the Sjiartans of old, Indian 
A\'ill did not think it to tlieir biii.'iit. or to those ])erfectly 
formed, for the vdun^- liieks tei coutinu' lo;iger on th.- 
face of ti)e earth, so he kiUi.'d thesn ;ind l);irit'vl tlieiri in 
Indian Field. TJieir nauu-s, so it is said, were Dick and 
].)a.ve, and tln-ir mounds ar.- still to be sjen. as corrolK'- 
rations of th ' tradilion. 

P(,)(.ir Hamiah and hei- bi-others — if the >,torit.'S of 
tile (, redrdous ar-..' wortiiv ol' seiioiis attention — -" did not 
sle^p (juit't!;, in tiieir graw.-s.' Al intv.-rvals in the Last 
li!t_\ years, loc.-d ^o^sip-- lia\e said iliat during \\i" moon- 
li-'!it*'d nights of autuam- about that sta^e of tht- 



WAS ci:u.^[\vEi.r;s liKOTiiEn an eaiily sETrLEU. oSl 

season's progress M"lien the hue of decay has eiistauiped 

itself on tlie foliage of tlie forest, and tlie withered blades 

of corn rustle in the faintest bree/es — they iiave set'n tlie 

diauhaiious forms of the unfortunates rise suddenh from 
J. 

the earth, float gracefully along for a distance, and as 
suddenly disajtj'iear. There is nothirig traditionary that 
indicatts that he who should have been was ever 
"haunted." According to the most authentic versions, 
the closing years of "NMll's life were in liai-nnniy v\'ith his 
plane of thinking; perfectly happy, he lived to a rip9 
old age, and died some seventy-tive years ago, the hist of 
his tribe, and was buried at Indian Field. Contrary to 
what should have been his just deserts, Indian "Will, 
during the last of his <'areei-, '"lived in })eace, died in 
grease, and was buried in a })i)t of ashes." 

AVA8 (3IJA^EU CIUJMWELL'S BKOTHER AX 
EARLY SETTLER OF MONMOUTH V 



A tradition handed down in smne Ijraiiches of the 
Crowell family in th? Euited States that they descend 
from the noted ('ro]n\\ell family of England, and that the 
name was changed by the first of the family vAu) came 
to America, for fear of the persscution^ which followed 
members of tlie family of the Trotoctor. It set ms evi- 
dent that sonu' of the ancestors of the C'rowdl family 
were desirous' of assuniing a ft-igncd name, for wl'.en 
they landed in Mass;icliusetts they were rirst known by 
the name of Ci'ov.e, as may b,^ s?t'n !)v reference to Frr'e- 
man's History of Ca.|)o ('od and oilu^r works, and the 
name of Crowe is fcninl ann)ng tin,- Jir>-t settlers of A\ oinl- 
bridgi-, N. J., as may b.- .-.ct-n by reference to l.>ally s His- 
tory <^f W.uxlbridgv. 

In <he old T\)\vn Rouic of 3Ii<ldletov,-)i, pages lib ."vJ 
and o7,au I'Ldward (.'rom.- is nanni-d as h;i\ing Ixmglil -land 
in 3,Iiddlctown in lllTO and ;'.s si'llisi^' the sr.m;- m 
1*)74. The ]ianic of (.'romi.' is an unusn.al ojif and ilil'i- 
cu!t lO account for, and it is probrd)!.- tljat it should h;:ve 
])cen trauscrib.'d C'rovvc ; and rhat the ju'rson meant wa> 



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38-2 HISTORY OF J[OX.^iOUTII AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

Edward CiMwe. Mliose iiamo shortly after appears at 
A\'oodl)ridi;'e, X. J., with the Parkers and others \v\i(.> 
came from [Massaehasetts to tiiat phiee. If this siip])osi- 
tioii is correct, then it is ]iroh>abh? that this man wlio was 
among the first setthn's of Old Moumoiit]j. was the one 
traditi(Mis alh^-iii-t^ to have been a brother of the noted 
Oliver Cromwell of Enp;laniL 

Those familiar ^^■itll English history will remend»er a 
tradition recor(h-d that ahout l(iMS several ships hound 
for New England, on Ix^ard of which were Oliver Crom- 
well, who was snl»sequeutly Protector. Pym Hanq^den, 
Haselrig ;nid rather IcadiiiLi; Puritans, were stopped in the 
Thames hy the King's ordi^rs and all the ])assengers for- 
l>iil leaving England. Some v.riters doul)t the stcn-y, hut 
Paxton lTi)od. in his life of the Protector, says the rumor 
seems to he too extended to l)e altogether unfounded. 
He thinks these patriots "were actmilly on l,)oard the 
ships. This tradition points to tlie su]i]>osition that the 
King did not wisli nuMuljers of c^.-rtain families to leave 
Enghuid. And here comes in the reason why some mem- 
bei's oi the Cromwell famii}" had to assume some other 
name that they miglit stand a chance to get to New Eng- 
land. This dilllcuitv w(^uld not occur with the sons of 
Col. John Cromwell in Holland, for they could leave that 
country without tronlilc umh^; (heir i^'al mime, and this 
will aec(mjit for the .lolm Cromwell at Woodbridge, X. J.. 
who shortly removed to AVestchestei' Co., X. Y. 

AX OLD IRISH PATEXT OE XOPIEITY. 



AVe copy below a curious docunuuit on ]^ar(diment, 
some SS yea.rs old. The writiiag is \-erv beautiful, but the 
punctriation an<l use of capitals. Avhich we have gi'.en, 
exact!}', seem regardless. of rules. It is contained in a tin 
case, outsiile of whieii is a little 1)ox \v\\]i lid ingeniously 
ari'angfMl. Tliis once e-ontained the sea), which was of 
Avax, and attachiMl to tlie ])ate]it by n ribbon. It is a 
]ialent or right to \\-ear a coat-of-arms, and is granted by 
"the Kine of Arms of Ireland,'" to the one DanII^L 



I. / 



...ill 



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AN OLD IKISII I'ATKNT (JF N(3J;iLrJ V. 



:;s::5 



Cl'iANFA and his (IpCiMulaiits forever. ]t Avas found in a 
o;arret of tlu' JAroi; JjKOWX estate, of M;>tawa]i. In Mr. 
CoRTEMUs AVyckoff. At the to}) of the parehnieui. 
beautifully jiaintetl, ai'e the escutcheons, or C()at-of-arniS, 
the one io tlie left is that of the King of Arms, or Herald, 
himself; tlie one to t)ie li^'ht shou> the new insi^'uia 
granted to Ci;aney. The one ;it the left has m-on the 
.scroll, underneath, the wonls, Akma (Jffkei;!' Ulstj.i;!/ 
Al)ove this is the shield, th.e lower i)art 'jccupied i)v a red 
cross on a «i-olden ground or tield. The u])i)"r })art of the 
shield, on a red ground, has intlit_^ eeiiit-r a Lion passant, 
in gold, to its riglit is a golden portcullis, and to its left 
is the Irish liai]) iji gold. Over the shield is the crest, so 
called, M hicdi is a crown, of gold, with (umiiie and crimson 
satin; this is sui-mcuinted l»_v a thisth' in gold. On the 
golden band of the crown is the motto Miserere Me. 
The new foat-of-arnis is painted at the right u])per 
corner of the ]iatent. It is described in the patent Avhich 
here follows : 

|! all nnd S'ingul.u to wJiom the Presents shall come Sic 
^j|ic(\C5lcr j[Drlcin'.c ||u!. {jjlitrr King of Arms and Princij.ial 
Herald of all Ireland sendtdh ijjrrctinq. 

Iljlicr-Ms J)aniel (h'aney late of Portarlington in the 

Queens C\n;nty and. ncnv of Finichal in the Island of 
Maderia (uuitlc-man has m.ade ap]ilication to me to gi'jint 
uaito him ill and pi'opt'r Armorial Jjearings. 

hviO'x ijc thereiore that I the said i\\\^U(. l\v virtu^^ of 

tlie power ajid autJiority to me giver /J(^ l)y these 

}'rese])ts ijjiant and ij oiifrin unt(^ tlie said Daniel Crane}' the 

Arms following Yi;:"t, 

Jrciriii-on a mount V(n"t an eh'jihant proper, on a chief 

])er pale ijiclrs .ind jjcrt. in (h'xtera cran.e proper, in .sinister 



38-i HisTor.Y OF M(jn.'\iol"th and ocean counties. 
a wolf raiiipaiit (>n. jhr {] rc5t, f^n firm embowered vontod 
jawxi eutYed i|)u!fs, Jioldino- a cutlass proper. Lul fov 
otto Amor Proximi. 



jil' 



1} 



he whole as above more clearly depicted to be borne 

aud used l>y him the said Dauiel Craiiey and his decend- 
ants forever accordiua; to the Lav/s of Arms. 

j n ^Ijitncv^ whereof I hereunto subscribe my Name 

and Title aud alHx the Seal of my ottice tliis fifth day of 
April one thousand eiu^ht hundred and einht. 
Chichester Fortescue Ulster Kiu;rf of Arms of All 

Irel and. 

In heraldini;-. every color aud character is SYml)olic, 
and while each has a meanin<^- of its own. when united. 
or combined v\-ith one or two others, it tlien assumes 
another meaninp;. ,Vri;-ent nn?ans silver bv itself, and 
symbolizes purity and innocence, but if rombined with 
red, it means boldness, (.lules means red; Vert, ^reen. 
Or. gold ; Azure, blue. Tlie elepliant from an Egyptian 
hieroglyphic, means wealth. The crane is a ]nin on the 
name Craney. The significance of the wolf does r.ot 
occur to us. As wolves once infested Irelauvl. perha]is 
the Craney ]5roge]iitors had performed souu^ deftly deeds 
in their extermination. The emblazonry nf the ele[)hant 
is amusing, for it has its tusks growing out of th3 lower 
jaw ; hut as the hcrahlic limner knew no V)etter, this 
would cause no troul)le, it lieing on heraldic grounds 
()rthodoxically correct. 

HISTOKY OF THE FOTTEF. CHURCH. 



AN INTKRKSTINO ACCOUNT ( ;F ITS FOUNDER AND ITS FIRST 

ri;EACHER. 

In giving the history (jf this church, it is proper lirst 
to quote the account ftrand in the i>>urnalof the celebrated 






|.t!.'. 



•I .'■< 1 til ( . 11 .. Hi- 



ll • ' "I. MM ' i-'l it 



'I 1 



; fiiv 



I-lH -.11 •;// VA- 



n a. 



niMTOiiv OF THE I'OTTKi; CHnicH. :;^."> 

llev. Jolm ]\[nrraT, tlie ft^iiider of tlie rniversalist S;i.'i,tv 
in Amerii-a, as this account lias made the Potter ('Lmeii 
noted in the reliuious histovv of onr country. 

The Eev. John Murray, the first ])reaclier (,f Vniv.-rsal- 
ism in America, saihul from Eutidaud for New York, -^wly 
21, 1770. \Mieu he \eU Enghmd, thou^-h a warm alvo- 
cate of the principles of that society, he was not a r.-^ular 
preachei', and had hnt little idea then of l)ecomin-- o,ue in 
America. During a thick fog in the early part of tlh 
month of September, the brig "Hand in Hand,"" on 
which he was acting as supercargo, struck on tlie outer 
bar of old Cranl:>erry Inlet mow closed, i nearly oppositt^ 
Toms Ei^er. Slie soon passed over, and was held by 
her anchors ^rom going ashore. Here she remainetl 
several days l^efore she could be got olf. Y\ hile lying 
here the jirovisious of the brig were exhausted, and after 
locking np the vessel, all hands ])roceeded in :i Ijoat 
across the bay in search of sustenance. Being unac- 
quainted with the main, they spent the greater ])aTt of 
the diiv before they could efiect their purpose^ after 
wdiich, it being late, they proceeded to a tavern to stay 
all night. :\Ir. :Murray"s miud appears to have been 
much exercised l)y eventful scenes in his previous life, 
and he longed to get somewhere where the l)u^.y cares 
of tlie world would not disturb his meditations ; and 
hence as S(~ion as the boatmen arrived at the tavern, he 
left them for a solitary walk through the dark pine 
..•rove. "Here,"' said he, "I was as much alone as I. 
could wish, and my heart exclaimed, 'Oh, that 1 h.i'l in 
this wilderness the lodging of a poor wa.rfaring iiian ; 
some cave, some grot, some })lace where I might tinisli 
my davs in calm repose.'"" As he thus ])assed along 
musing, he unexpectedly reached a small log house 
where he saw a girl cleaning fish; he re([uested her to 
sell him some. Slie had none to s])are, but told hinr he 
could get all he wantetl at the next house. " ^^ hat, 
this?"' said Mr. Murray, ])ointing to one he couhl just 
discern through the wockIs. The girl told Iiim no, tliat 
was a meetinghouse. He wa.s nnudi surprised to timl a 



3S(3 iiisi\)]:y of .vion.moitii and ocean o(»unties. 

ine('tiiii;lioiisf thorf in tlie woods. He w.is directed tu 
pass en by the )iieetiiiL:,lu^use, and at tlu^ next house he 
would tind tish. He went on as directed, and eanie to 
the door, near whieh was a Liru'e ]nle of tish. of various 
sorts, and standin^,^ liy was a tall man, I'ouuh in appear- 
ance and evidi^ntly adv.-mcjd in years. " l^av, sir," sidd 
Mr. Murray, "will you have the i^oodness to sell me one 
of those lish ■? ■ '"^no, sir," was the abru]>t reply of the 
old gentleman. "That is btrau.^e," repliT^MJ ]\Ir. Mnrrav, 
" when you have so m;iny tish, t<> refuse me a single one I " 
"I did not refuse you a tish, sir; you are welcome to as 
many as you please, but I dio not sell the article; I do 
not sell the tish. sir, I h;;\e them f(jr taking;- up, and vou 
may obtain thein tln^ siune w;iy."' Mr. Murrav thaidced 
him; the old man then inquired what he \^ anted of 
them, and was told he wished tliem for supper for the 
njarineis at tlie tavern. The old rjian otiered to send the 
hsh over for him aiid uri;ed ]Mr. Murray to tarrv with 
him that night. Mr. Murray const.'uted to return after 
visiting the crew at the ]iublic house. Tlie old gentle- 
man was Thomas Potter. Mr. Murray sa^■s he was 
astonished to see so much genuine politeness and hospi- 
tality under so rougli an exterior, liut his astonishment 
was greatly increased oji his return. The (jld man's 
room was })i'e])ared. his tire bright and his heart opr-ned. 
"Come,' s.dd lie. '•my friend. 1 am glad s"ou have re- 
turned, I have longed to see you, I have ]>een expectiijrr 
you a long time."" Expending him ! I\Ir. Murrav was 
aiuazed and asked what he ineant. Mi'. Potter replied: 
"I must answer in my own wav. I am ;i poor ignorant 
man, and know neither liow to read or write ; I was 
b'orn in these wo(ods, and worked ou these groands until 
I became a ma}j, when I went (jn coasting vovuges from 
iiere to New Yoik; I was then about getting married, 
but in going to Xew York once I was pressed on board 
of a man-of-war and taken in Admiral "Warren's 
ship to Cape ]jrt4on. I never drank any rum, so 
they saved m} allouanet; I)ut I would not Ijear an 
affront, so if anv i>f tiie olUcers struek me I struck 



HISTORY OF THE POrTEi; CHUUfH. 387 

tliem a^-;iiii, but tlio nJniivril took my part aud 
eallpil rue his iie\v-lif;-lit man. AVlion I roaclied Louis- 
burg, I ran away, ami traveled barefooted through the 
countrv and abriost naked to New York, where I vras 
known and snp})lied with clotlies and money, and soon 
returned liome, where I found mv girl marrieil. This 
rendered me unlnippy, but I leeovered my tramjuillity 
and married her sister. I settled dov/n to work, and got 
forward quite fast, constructed a saw-miil and })Ossessed 
mvself c>f this farm and five hundred acres of iidjoiuing 
land. I entered into navigation, own a sloop, and have 
n(jw got together a fair estate. I am, as I said, unable to 
read or write, but ] ana capalde of reflection ; the sacred 
Scriptures have been often read to me, from whicii I 
gathered that there is a great and good Being who lias 
preserved and protected nu' tlirough innttmei'abh^ dan- 
gers, and to whom we ;ire ail indebted for all we enjfiy ; 
and as he has given me a Jiouse of my own I c;)nceived I 
cottld do no less tlian to open it to the stranger, let Jiim 
1)0 who Le would ; and especially if a traveling minister 
p^assed this way he always received nn invitation to put 
tip at my house and hold his meetings ]:ere. 

'■ I cojitinued in this i)ractice for more tlian seven 
years, and illiterate as I was, I ttsed to converse with 
them, and was fond of asking them (ptestions. Tiiey 
pronottnced me an odd nnjrtal, declaring thenisehes at a 
loss what to ntake of me ; vvhile I continued to ailirm that 
I had but on.e ];ope ; I believed tliat Jesus suffered death 
for my transgrersions, anil this alone was sufticient for 
me. At length n^y -wife grew vreary of having meetings 
held in her liou^e, aiui I determined to build a hottse for 
the v.'oi'shi}) of G ^d. I had no children, and I knew that 
I was beholden to Almighty Clod for everything whicli I 
possessed, and it seemed right I shottld a]ipropriate a 
part of v.'lmt Ke bcstov.-ed for His service. ^\[x neighbors 
oll'ered tlieii- assistance, but ' Xo/ said I, '(jod has given 
me enough to do this work without your aid, and as Ho 
])',i^ put it i}ito my heart to do so, so I will do.' ' And 
who,' it was asked, ' will Ix:- your preacher ?' I answered, 



n.i ! 'i.l 



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1 . , I 1 r 1 1 • .« 1 



ill ]■<-.. 



) l I 



388 HISTOIU' OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

' God -svill send me a preacher, aiid of a verv different-, 
stamp from those wlio liavo heretofore preached in my 
house. Ihe preachers we have heard are perpetually 
contrndictiiig- themselves ; but that God who has ]nit it 
into my heart to build this house, will send one who 
shall deliver unto me His own truth — who shall speak of 
Jesus Christ and his salvation.' AYheu the house was 
finished, I received an ap})lication from the Baptists, and 
I told them if they could make it appear that God 
Almighty was a Baptist I should give them the building 
at once. The Quakers and Presbyterians received simi- 
lar ausvv-ers. ' No," said I, ' as I tirndy believe that ail 
mankind are equally dear to Ahnighty God, the-v shall 
all be e(pially Avelcome to preach, in tliis house whn-h I 
have built. ^I\ neighbors assured me that I should 
never see a ])reac!ier ^vhose sentiments corres})onded 
with my own, but I uniformly replied I assurediv would. 
I engaged for the first year with a man whom I greatlv 
disliked; we parted, and for some years we have had no 
stated minister. M}- friends often asked me, ' Where is 
the preacher of Mhom you spolze ?' and my C(_uistant 
reply was, ' He will by ;i.nd by make his appearance.' 
The nn)ment, sir. I saw your vessel on sinjre it seemed as 
if a voice had audibly sounded in my ears, ' There, Pot- 
ter, in that vessel, cast away on that shore, is the 
];)reaclier you have so long been ex})ecting.' I heard the 
voice and belic-ved the re})ort, and when you canie up to 
my door and asked for the lish, tlie same ^.oice seemed 
to ]'e])eat, ' Potter, this is the man — this is the person 
whom I have sent to preach in your house i" 

As may be supposed, ^Murray was immeasur;d>lv 
astonished at Mr. Potter's nari-ative, but yet had not the 
least idea that his wish could ever be realized. He asked 
him what he (M)uld discern in his a}>pearance to lead him 
to mistake him for a ])reacher. 'AVhat," said Potter, 
"could I discern wlien you were on the vessel that could 
induce this conclusion V Sir, it is not what I saw or see, 
but what I feel, which produces in my mind full convic- 
tion. Murray replied that he must be deceived, as ho 



HISTOIJY OF tllE rOTTEi; C'HUKCH. 889 

sboulJ never preacli in that place or anysvhere else. 

"Have you never preached? Can you say yon never 
preached ?" 

"I cannot, but I never intend to preach again." 

"Has not God lifted up the liiu'ht of His countenance 
upon you? , Has He not shown you the trutli ?' 

"i trust he has." 

" Then how dare you hide this truth ? Do men light 
a candle and put it under a bushel? If God has shov.-n 
you His salvation, avIiv should you not show it to your 
fellow-men ? But I know that you will — I am sure that 
God Almighty has sent yt)U to tis for this purpose. I am 
not deceived, sir, I am sure I am not deceived." 

Murray was much agitated when this man thus 
spoke on, and began to wonder whether or no, God, who 
ordains all things, had not ordained that this should 
come to pass ; but his heart trembled, he tells us, at the 
idea. He says he endeavored to cpiiet his own fears and 
to silence the warm-hearted old man by informing him 
he was supercargo of the vessel, that property to a large 
amount vras entrusted to his care, and that the moment 
the wind changed he was under solemn obligations to 
depart. 

"The winvl will never change," said Potter, "until 
you have delivered to us, in that meetinghouse, a 
message from God." 

Murray still resolutely determined never to enter 
any pul|)it as a preacher; Intt being much agitated in 
iniud, asked to be shown to bed after lie had prayed 
with the family. "When they parted for the night his 
kind host solemnly requested him to think of Avhat he 
said. 

"Alas," says Murray, "he need not have made this 
recjuest ; it was impossible to lianish it from my mind ; 
when I entered my clmmlter and shut the door, 1 burst 
into tears ; I felt as if the hand of God was in the events 
which liiid brought me to this ]>lace, and I prayed most 
ardently tliat God would assist and direct me by His 
counsel. 



;<> !' -J !. m; urf*:' ■ ! 



>i, 1/ -.il I 






390 HISTORY OF MON-MOL'LII AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

So mucli exereise>l ^^■;ls he in iniiid tluit lie speut the 
greater part of tlie inglil \n praying; and wee})in^i;', 
" dreatlin.L!: more than de.-itli, liu says, *' siij)pnshig death 
to he au (ihject of drea(L tlie idea of engaging as a public 
characte]'." 

In his writings he gives the suhstanee of his niedita- 
tatious on that nieniorable niglit. In the morning his 
good friend renewed his solicitations: "Will }ou speak 
to me and my neighl)ers of the good things which belong- 
to our peace ? " 

Murray, seeing only thick woods, the tavern across 
the field excepted, reijuesteil to know what he meant bv 
ueighliors. 

" O, sir, we assemlde a large congregation whenever 
the meetinghouse is opened; ijidced, when mv father 
first settled h^re, he was ol)ligcd tc^ go twenty miles to 
grind a Inishel of ctn-n, but now there are more than 
seven hundred inhabitant.s within that distance." 

Murray still coidd not be |;revailetl upon to vield, 
but Potter insisted and seemed positive the wiiid would 
uot change until he Imd spoken to the peoide. Thus 
urged, Murray began to waxer, and at length he tells us 
he " im]Viored God, who sometimes condescends to 
indulge indivi(bT;ds with tokens of His ap}irobation. 
graciously to imbalge me U})OU this impt)rtant occasion, 
and that if it was His will that I should obtain mv soul's 
desire by jiassiug through life as a })rivate individual ; 
if such was not His will, that I sh(,uld engage as a 
])reacher in the ministry. He would vouchsafe to grant 
me such a wimi as might bear me from this shore befo)-e 
another Sabltath. I detvriniu^^l to take the changing 
of the wind fo)' an answer."' 

But tlie wind changed not, and towards the close of 
the Saturday afternoon he reln.ctautlv i2;ave his consent 
to preaching the next day, and Mr. Potter immediatelv 
desi)atclied his men on ]ior>,cl)ack to notify the neigld>ors, 
which thcN were to cjritluue to do until ten o'clock in the 
evening. Mr. Murray ap})ears to have had but little 
rest that night, thinking over the responsibilities of the 



I J. 






I , 






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HISTORY OF THE rt)TTi:i; CHunrn. 301 

avoentiou lie was so unoxpecteilly about to be eiip;a<^'ed 
in, and of vrliat lio should say and ln,>\v he should ad- 
dress the people; ]>ut the passage: "Take no thou^^ht 
what ye shall say." etc., a])pears to have f;'reatly relieved 
his mind. Sunday morning- they proceeded to the 
church, Potter ver}' jo.yful and 3Iurray uneasy, dis- 
trusting his o\^n abilities to realize the singularly high- 
formetl expectations of his kind host. The church at 
that day is described as lieing '• neat and convenient, 
with a pul}ut lather after the (Quaker mode, with but one 
new })ew and that a large scjuare one just below the 
pulpit in wliich sat the venerable Totter and his family 
and visiting strangers ; the rest of the seats were 
constructed with backs, roomy and even elegant." As 
Muri'ay Mas jvreaching. Potter looked u]) into the pulpit, 
his eyes sparkling with ])leasure, seemingly completely 
liap})v at the fultillmenfe of what he believed a promise 
long deferred. We have no record of the substance of 
tliis, the tirst I niversalist sernn)n in America, nor of its 
impressii>n upon anv of tlie hearers savi^ one — that one, 
Thomas Potter himself. a]^pears to have had all his 
expectations realized, and ujion their return home over- 
whelmed Murray with Ids frank warmdiearted congratu- 
lations ; and soon visitors poured in. Said Potter to 
tliem : "Tins is the hajtpiest day of my life; there, 
neighbors, there is the minister (rod has sent me." 
Murray was so overcome by the old man"s enthusiastic 
demonstr.itions that he retired to his room, and trdls us 
he " ])rostr;ited himself at the throne of grace, and 
besought God to take him and do with him what he 
pleased." 

After a while lie returned to the company and found 
the boatmen with them, who wished him to go on bo.-u'd 
immp<liately, as the wiiul was fair. So he was compelled 
to Icjive. His host was loth ti> ]^art with him, and exacted 
a promise from him to return, whieli he soon diti, and 
preached often Ili thr I'otter c-hurch. and other villages. 
The tirst place he \isited during this stay was Toms 
Piiver. He relates two or three iuti^'estiiiir scenes occur- 



392 HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

ring licre, in explaining to individuals liis peeuliuv 
religious views. The next vilhige he visited was Mana- 
hawkin. 

For many years, and though travelling in various 
parts of the United States, yet as long as Thomas Potter 
lived, his house at (roodluek was considered V)y Murray 
as his home. At length, after being away some time on 
a religious mission, he returned and found that his good 
old friend was dead ; liis letter describing this visit, 
recounting some of the scenes of Potter's life, his traits 
of character, his own feelings, etc.. is full of tender 
feeling and sincei'e grief, admirably expressed, and tlie 
substance of the discourse^ which he preached on that 
occasion, in that memorable old chapel, is a touching 
specimen of Murray's eloquence. A brief extract will 
serve to give an idea of ^Murray's style and of his feelings 
towards his deparfftd friend. His text was: "For }e 
are bouglit Avith a })rice : therefore glorify (xod in your 
body and in }our spirit, which are (rod's." Towards the 
close of his discourse, pointing towards Potter's grave, 
wliich could be seen from \\hcre he stood he says : 

"Through yonder open casement I behold the grave 
of a man, tlie recollection of whom swells m}' heart with 
gratitude, and iills my eyes m itii tears. There sleeps the 
sacred dust of him wno well uuderst(jod tlie advantages 
resulting from the public vvorshii) of (lod. Tliere rests 
the ashes of him who gloritied (iod in his body and in 
liis spirit, wiiieh lie well knew were the Lord's. He 
believed he was l)ought vvith a price, and therefore he 
declared tliat all th.at he had niid all that lie was were 
righteon.sly dm; to (rod, who created and })urchased him 
with a })rice ;ill price beyond. There rests the jtreeious 
ditst of tlie friend of strangers, wln^^se liospitable do()rs 
were ever opf'U to the de>;ritute, auil him wlio had none 
to I'elieve his sult'erings ; h;s dust re])oses (dose to this 
editiee, itself a monumeut ol liis p'etv. Dear, f-iitliful 
man! when last I stood in tlu-; piaee, lu^ was ])ri sent 
anunig the ass;'ml)ly of the' jieoiile. 1 markt^d liis glisten- 
ing e\'e; it ah\va\s glisceiied at the t^mohatic name of 



(i-,i.l// r. 



HISTORY OF THF. POTTEll CHrRCII. ')'.)o 

Jesus. Even now. I l)oliokl in imauiuation, his veneral)le 
coimtenance ; beiiic'nitv is se.iteJ on liis luow : his nraul 
apparentlv open and eoutidin.g; tranquillity reposeUi upon 
his features ; every varyinij; emotion evincing faith in tl;at 
enduring peace whic-h passetii understanding. Let u-, 
my friends, imitate his philantlir()]3y, his charity, his 
piety. I may never meet you again until Ave unite to 
swell the loud hallelujahs before the throne of God. But 
to hear of vour f.-iitli. of your pierseverance, of your works 
of charity, of your brotherly love, vrill heighten my 
enjovments and soothe my sorrows, even to the verge of 
mortal pilgrimage." 

Potter, in liis will, left the church to Murray. It 
was Mr. Murray's desire as well as Mr. Potter's, that tlie 
churcli should be kept free to all denominations for the 
worship of (rod. 

The will of THo:.rAs Potter was dated May 11, 1777, 
proved ]\[av 2. 17S"2, and is recorded in the Secretary of 
State's nfllcc at Trenton. -In regard to the church he 
says : 

" The house I Imilt f(U- those that God shall cause to 
meet there, to serve or worship him to the same use stiU, 
and I will that my dear friend Jonx Mui;i:ay, preachr-r of 
the gosjiel, shall have the sole direcii')n and manage- 
ment of said house and one acre of Lmd. wliere the house 
now stands, fi^r th.'- u-;e above mentioned." 

The house and Jot w;is sold to Meth'^dists by d'"<^il, 
dated X<_)Aend)er 7, ISH'.); the deed is from >. atlia^diH 
Cook, of Monmouth County, of the tirr,t part, .-ind Paul 
Potter, Samuel W(^odma.nsef\ John Cranmer, Caleb h^alk- 
inl)urg, Isaac Pejuers, Jolm Tilton and David ]j."-uu*'tt, 
Trustees. Consideration. <>ne liundred. and. tw(".ity-tive 
dollars. The churcii was rebuilt in Lsil, while pev. 
Noah Edwards was pashn' on the circuit. The Trustees 
then were Joseph ilolmes, Arnos Falkinburg, James 
Day, Pieubeu Tiit'U. Pr.ul Potter au.l Joseph Prest-.n. 
F(jr relniilding s7i';J.7i5 n-as snbscribeil, of whieh amoued 
."^(jrH.'JM was })aid i.n te. Trust. ■es ; tlie b.alajice v/as nttt c'>l- 

leete.l. 



394 illSTOIIY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

The last services held by the Universalists in this 
church was iu the Fall of LST-t. 

This church })roperty is uoas' under the control of the 
Methodists ; the Universalists, althouij,h manifesting little 
or no disjtosition to dispute their claims, yet contend 
that its sale vras tlir(3a_<;li " tlie mismanagement of the ex- 
ecutor to satisfy illegal claims," etc. 

In the Ijurying ground of the cliuvch a headstone 
was erected over the grave of Thomas Potter May 15, 
1833, and surrounded l^y an iron fence. The headstone 
bears the following insciption : 

In Memory 

cir 

T IJ O M A S 1^ () T T E II , 

Friend and Pati un 

OF 

J II X -M I' n 11 A Y . 

An Eurly Advocate 

OF 

UxivEi'.s.u.isM IN Amf.i:ica. 
Have we not all oueFatlier: 
Erected Mav 15, lHoS. 



PEESinTERIAXISM IX rOllKEl^ la^Tll. 



A fev.' ^'ears ago the .Vr"' -A v-.-.v // (■^''-"//'/./■published 
a co7nmuuicatioii which, aftf'r reference to Presbyterian- 
ism previous to the Pe'.'oluticni. says : " Subseipicut to 
the Eevolution. vre have fr)uud no ^vritten or traditional 
mention of Presbyterians along shore, until rdiout the 
year 1.S-2S, when ]\[r. Amos Salter, who liad luven a juoa- 
ber of the iioted ojd First Presbyterian Church, at 
Xew'jk, X. J., located at Fc^rkod liiver. S(.)on after his 
arrival here, he v/rote to a.n old friend, the Pev. Solomon 
Carpenter, requesting him to visit and preach at F(U'ked 
Pdver and \icinity. Mr. Carj)enter v.as. in his day, a 
noted Presbyterian clc^rgyman and evangelist, v/ho h;el 
labored with remarkabh' success in Fss 'X and Morris 
counties and vicinity. In com})liance with this recpiest, 



11 



■ iir*i- J. ■'• V •: ly -,1.1/1 '' ) 
'I 'I. .■' J- ' : .f,.« 



rrESUYTERIANISM IN' FORKED mVEII. oOo 

Mr. Cavppiitor una his witV, wlii\ Uv the v,-ny, was a most 
faithful and Z('ah)us lielpsM' in Christian hil)0]-, proceeded 
to Forked River. Mr. Carpenter hibored at Forlced 
Eiver and vioinitT for a brief time, and was assisted 
at times l>v his wife who (an at^ed minister savs) made the 
best pravers he ever heard. He died a year or two after 
this visit, and his wife sid>se(|nentlv married llev. John 
It. McDoweU. of Xew York, who was tlie founder of the 
American ^Nloral lud'orm Society." 

Mr. Cai'i)enter had a brother Ephraim who occa- 
sionally preached aloup; shore about the same time. 

Bev. Mr. Ncv>-ell, a youu'j; Presbyterian cler^wman, 
came to Foi-ked liiver about l)ecevaber, 18.14, and tau_i;ht 
school until June, IS-i."), and while here he held reli,L;-ious 
services as oj)portunitv oitVred. 

About tliis time Mr. and Afrs. William (rulick, of the 
celebrated (rubclc Sand\^"ich Islajid missionary family, 
lived at Forki^d liiver, liavin:^- returned to the United. 
States (^n account of tlr- liealtli of Mrs. (,!., who was a 
most estimal)ii^ Christian, of tin;-' educational attainments. 
She taught a small select school, but though of Presby- 
terian proclivities, mdther of t'lem were able to do much 
in the wav of lioldbig religious services. 

Al-tout the first of .Iu)\.', 18'")!), llev. Thomas S. 
Dewing, wlio has iieen mentioneil in speaking of ]^resl>y- 
terianism at Toms Piver, located along >>hore. In a 
private letter vrritteu in 1S77, ^Ir. Dev.ing states that 
be jiad sev'Mi preaching [daces from Ton:s liiver to Mau- 
ahawkin. 

At F(n'keil Piver he |)r('acliedL iii tjie old school- 
house. He took especial interest in tin- Sabbatli School, 
of wliich lie was su]»erintcndcnt and \\'hich was tin' tirst 
regular l^i-esb^ teriari Suudav school estal)iislied at Forked 
Piver. Aujong the teachers \v]in assisted him -were Miss 
Angi'line Holmes, since diH-casc^l, Miss Pa.ura E. Holmes 
(now Mv^^. Captain .11 M. Lonan). r^Cis^^ Sarali A. Pogers 
(now ^[rs. AV. A. Eov.-i, Mi^^st-s J'dr-anor and Catharine 
Jo:ies, ]-Mwin S;dtcr and pro]»ablv (jccasionall}' 15. 
I'rankliii Holmes and Ent.)ch donc-s. 



30(i IIISTOliY OF .MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

lu the suuimer of iS()() a SuiuLiy School was a^-ai.'i 
estal)lishoil tlncntiii the instruinentality of a Pvesliy- 
teriaii, Miss ll(il»l)ins. an pstinuil>le Christian laJy wlio 
had charge of the district school At her solicitation. 
Edwin Salter acted as snpei-intendent ajid Misses Emelia 
Holmes, Mary J. Lonan. Adrdaide Stout. Jane E. Jones, 
Elizabetli Sutphea ;ind Lodisa Ivogers, and Mrs. Edgar 
Tlionipson and Henry Howell acted as teacliers ; Miss 
Kobbms herself took charge of a class of young ladies, 
and Mr. Salti.-r of the older hoys. At ani>ther time. Miss 
Emelia Smith, a Presliyterian lady, who had charge of 
the district school and who made her home witli Capt. 
Joseph Holmes, exei'tcd a favorable influence in favor of 
the society to which she belonged. 

PEESBYTERIAX CHLIUJH OF FOEKED EIVEE. 



The Presbyterian Society of Forked Iliver and 
vicinity bonuht the building erected by the Baptists at 
Cedar Creek and the certiticate of the iucorpor--itio]i of 
"The Presbyterian Church of Cedar Creek" was recorded 
June 17, l'*^-")7, and names as trustees Joseph Hohnes, 
James Jones and "William A Tjow. 

The l)udlding was tal>'n down in Lsijo and removed 
to Forked Pii^-in'. Il had Ijt^^n bought of tlie Baptists in 
l8o7 chieJly through thi^ agency of Iv.^v. Dr. Charles F. 
Worrell. At Forked Ptiver it was ])ut uj) on a lot in-e- 
sented by ^df. James Joir'S. Tlu' certiricate of incoi'[)ora- 
tion of the Presbyterian CiiUic!) at Forked Pviver states 
thai at a moeting held Jv^ue '.', bSi)'), the trustees electe<l 
were James Jcmcs, Just'-ph Ibdmt-s and 13enjaniin F. 
Holmes. Th'^ ci'rtilic;ite was iilcd i.i C.)unty Clerk's oliice 
Septemlu'r !'.>, IsC,.",. 

In Alarch of the s;uin3 vcjir a Sabbath Sclnxd was 
est;iblisii»d, of which El- v. Mr. Frazc(^ of Toms Eivfr, 
became sup-erin-t-enilent, and it prov d Mry successful. 

Among tin> ministers v.lnj occasionally preached were 
Piiv. :Messrs. b\u-rach, J). V. ^IcL.^an. J. H. Fraxee, C. F. 
AVorrril, AYm. S. B.^rfs, Frank Ch.mdhjr. Thaddeus Wilson 



.;•»'! ,y - I r ■! <1 '• 



I '\\ i ; 1 •;: i i i ^ /. . 



FIRST SUNDAY SCHOOL AT FORKED RIVER. 307 

niid Allen H. Brown. In JanuaiT, 1871, Rev. Frank 
Chandler, of FreelioM. presen.ted the Sabbath School 
with a line library cornprisini;- "iOI) volnnies of new books. 

June 17, 187;', a Presbyterian Church was regularly 
organized at Forked River. 

The following were the first members of tlie church : 
Edwin li. Spauldiiig, Josephine M. Spaulding, John 
Bowers, Aniux M. Bowers, Theodosia Bowers, Ftandol])h 
Lane, Joseph Holmes, Sr,, Ann Holmes, Deborah A. 
Stout, 3[ary J. Fenian. 

On September 11, l87o, He v. James M. Denton was 
called as the lir.st pastor of the church. All efforts of 
ministers previous to tliat had been of a missionary 
character. He accepted, and was installed November 2-"). 
1873. 

The same evening the new pastor, IF^v. ]Mr. Denton, 
was married to Miss Theodosia Bowers, daughter of 
John Bowers. 

The superintendent of the Sunday School at this 
time was Elder E. F. Spaulding. 

Tliis church being under the same ]?a,stor as the 
Presbyterian Church at Baruegat, the successive pastors 
were the same. 

THE FIl.'ST SUNDAY SCHOOL AT FORKED RIVER. 

The first Sunday School esiablished at Forked Fiver 
was in 18"28, and continued, j^r^^bably, with some intermis- 
sions, until about ISHF it was oigatuzed tluHuigh the 
efforts of 31]-. Anms Saltr-r, ;i Presb-s lei-ian. from Newark. 
N. J., and living at Forkf-d Fiver. T))e books for the 
school \\eie proeiue>l in part fr<jm t]ie Ameriean Sunday 
School L nion. and i;i ]);irt from sonu' of Aiin»s Salter's old 
Presbyterian frieucis at Newark. 

Tlie Sunday Seliool was uon-sectarian, as tiiere was 
no l*ri\sl)yteri;n) in the vieinity bur t'n' su[)iu-ijitendeiit, 
whose unsellisli l;il)i.rs aial eonsei(,-ntii»us udluu'enee b> old 
Presbyterijiii |>reL'e;)ts aiil practices, evni to reading the 
Bil>le juul Jiaving fa.mih' |)ra.\ers morning and evtuiing. 
made a fav(jrabl.- impn-ssii lU on tije- peo])li,' of the vicinitv. 



398 msTor.Y of :\[o.\"Morrn and ocean counties. 

The following li^^r, tlioui;'h iiropared from inciiiDrv, 
gives tlie niiines of nearly all the reuular attemlants r.i 
the school : Ehnira Iio^evs, Isaac Holers, Katie Holers 
(rleaf and (li;i)il)i, Joel Worden, ?»rartha "Worden, Daniel 
"Wordeu, Samuel Worden. A^ntliony Salter, John Saltci', 
Daniel Sallei', Elizabeth Salter, Emeline Salter, Silas 
Salter, Smith Salter, Sarah Salter, Edwin Salter, Joseph 
Parker. lianJoI^jh liane, Alice Dane, Ann Maria Lippiu- 
eott, J)e]jliy Eip]»incott. Hannah Lippincr)tt. ^lanl} 
Lippiucott, Jesse Bunnell, Miles Bunnell, Eydia Bunnell, 
Amos Bunnell, J. Snowden Bunnell, Melinda Buniiell, 
Auf^uslus C'onover, Joseph Conover, An^Lieline Holmes, 
Laura E. Holmes, D.miel L. Chamljerlain. Sarah Cham- 
berlain, Pioljprt L. Chamberlain, John Chamberlain. Jane 
Clnimbprlain, Leonard Brinley, AVilliam i?) So]:»er, 
Catharine List, Judith List, Amanda Williams. Jidm 
Eussell, Hester AVoijIley, John Woo] ley. Ann ^^\)olle^^ 
John Worden. James AVorden, Elizabeth Worden, ILirriet 
Wordon. JoJin. Coiindius, Lydia Tilton, Corntdius Lane. 
James Clianiberlain, William Eerguson, Leah Soper. 

Of th(^ above, Elrni::! Bogors marri^'d Capt. Samuel 
Beatty, Hannah Li}>pincott married Capt. Anthony 
Cambui'n, Elizabeth Saltier marricii Capt. J. Conover 
Williams, Ann ^V<>olh'y jiairicd Capt. Bandolph I^aue, 
Hestor WoolJev marriod (\apt. John Earkt-r, Eme]i)ie 
Salter married Capt. Davi.l S. Parker, Amanda Williams 
married Capt. Jacob Vaughn, Laura E. Holmes married 
Capt. Edward Lonaii, Alartlia Word'Mi mari'ied John 
Barkaiew, Sarah ( 'liamlierlain mariied Josejdi Yarmdl. 

METHODIST EPISCOTAL CIIUKCH AT FOilKED RIVED. 

The certiiicate of inco]']>o]'ation of this church is 
dated Octf>ber P>, 1884. and names as Trust'.^es ^'inwles 
P. Bunnell, B. S. ( 'hamberlain. Job Eaulkinbuv^h, 
Annaninh (i. AVill„>rt, Criah Havens, Wintield S. Parker 
and Charles AA'illiams. 

Sci'vii-es were lirst held in it in the fall ol lSs7. 
before tlic edihce was com}>leted and while IW\. Mr. 
Tomiin was ])astov in cl.iarge. The INIethodists liad held 



( I 



..: .':.|.pi. .1^1. 



■!; « ,;r! 7 t , ■ .' r<<\-,- <' > 



I . • H I DIJ, 



SONS OF TE.MrKRANCE, HOLME.s' OLD MILL, ETC. 31*1) 

services iu tlio old Forked Hiver sclio;)lliouses almost 
from Bisho}) Aslmvv's time. 

GOODLUCK IiIVISIOX SONS OF TE.MFEllANCE, NO. 107. 

. The cLarler of this Divisi-.u, (hited .March 1-2. Isi9, 
names as charttn- members Joseph Parker, Samuel Pc^tter, 
Jacob Piatt, David I. C. Poi^ers and others ; and ^\"as 
signed by \\'ui. P. Searles, G. W. P.. and Henry P. 
Howell, Jr., G. S. of the Grand Lodge of the State. It 
was iucor])orated the folhnving year, Cornelius Tiane, W. 
P.. and Charles AV. Bunnell, li. S., and the certificate 
recorded December 21. liS.jO. 

holmes' old mill. 

The u})i)er mill od the north branch of Forked lliver 
Avas formerly known as Holmes' Mill. On the first of 
August, ITo'J, a survey of one and o]ie-half acres there 
was made to Jeremiah Stihvell ""at request of John 
Holmes, the elder." This tract was by the mill-pond. 
In 17G!J, John Holmes, the elder, bought sixteen acres. 
In 170G John Holmes, the elder, and Daniel Holmes 
bought lO.OO acres. 

John Holmes, the elder, died intestate and liis 
estate went to his children, William, J'mathan, John, 
Httldah, who married Daniel AN'illiams, Mary, who mar- 
ried Thomas Crreen. and Catliarine and Sarah; the 
estatt^ was subject to the right of dower of the widuw 
Catharine, ^vho aftei'v.-ards married Thomas Wright. 

"William Holmes, son of John, bought out the other 
heirs August 0, 171<">. 

In bsll) James Hankiji.son took up fifty acres adjoin- 
ing mill ti'aci, but the survey was mislocated. In the 
same year he took up tifty-three acres in same vicinity. 

WAKETOWN PLESBYl ELIAN AND .METHODIST CHUF.CH. 

The certificate <jf incor])oration, recorded February 
10, 18u0, slates that vrhoreas the Evangelical and lieiig- 
ious Sit^'iety, usu:rily meeting f<n- pn.blic worship at 
Waretown, did assemble October Ml', lSt)S, und adopt the 
name of "The Methodist ;nid Presbvterian Churcli at 



H .' Imp :..) ..M 1:> 
I'l lit f. I il ' M- *!'• I 'i"- 



,j ' 



400 HISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

Waretown '" and electPiI the following; Trustees: Daniel 
Cambnrn, Joseph Canihnrn. Elwood HeaJley, Garri^ion 
Cambuvn and Jjinies Anderson. 

UNIVERSALIST SOCIETY, WARETOWN. 

At a meeting- lield May 4, 18G7, the following persons 
were elected Trustees of the " Universalist meeting, 
Waretown"": Jacob Birdsall, •Tan:ies Edwards, R. Lathrop, 
John "Warren, Enoch H. Jones. 

The certificate of incorporation was recorded May 7, 
1867. 

In the fall of 1883 an addition of twelve feet to the 
rear of the churcli was made and tlie roof raised about 
t>YO feet. 

AVARETOWN CEDAR GROVE CEMETERY ASSOCIATION. 

At a nieeting lield at the Select Sehoohouse, Ware- 
town, June 18, 18()1, of which Samuel Birdsall was 
Chairman, and Jacol) JJirdsail Secretary, the following 
persons were named as members of the Association : 
Benjamin Bredniore, Sr., Jacol) Birdsall, Ezekiel Lird- 
sall, Elwood Wilkins, Taylor C. Xewberry, Enoch TI. 
Jones, Joseph H. Birdsall, Samuel Birdsall. 

The annual meetings to be Indd the last Saturday in 
each year. The certificate of incorporation was reconled 
June 21, 1S(;1. 

The cemetery grounds are located on rising ground 
on a road to the bay and an ancient graveyard is 
included in the bounds. The lots are large and some 
are owned l)y people living elsewhere who have ancestors 
buried here. 

GEX. JOHN LACEY. 



General John Lace} was born in Bucks county. Pa., 
February 4, 177.*). His paternal ancestor was from tlu' 
Isle of "Wight, and came to this country with William 
Peun. General Eacey's ancestors and all his descendants 
were Quakers. At the breaking out of tliC Bevolution, 



GE.V. JOHN LACEY. 4(tl 

liis love of freedom irredmniiiateJ over his anti-war 
creed, and he made u]i liis miiul to obtain it jieaeeahly if 
lie could, forcibly if he must. He took a captain's com- 
mission of the Continental Congress, January <>, 177(>, for 
^vhich he was at once disowned by the (^a;;kers. He 
left his home, his society, his mill, to do battle for his 
country. He served under General AVayne, in Canada., 
and performed the hazardous duty of carryini^f an express 
from General Sullivan to Arnold, when befoie Quebec. 
On his return next year he resigned on account of a ditfi- 
culty with General Wayne. He was then appointed by 
the Pennsylvania Legislature to organize the militia of 
Bucks county. He was soon elected Colonel. He was 
now in the midst of Tories and Quakers, who were acting 
in concert witli the enemy, some of whom threatened 
him with personal vengeance. These threats he disregard- 
ed as the idle Avind. He brought his regijnent into the 
field and performed feats of valor that at once raised liim 
to a liigh stantlard in the list of heroes. His conduct 
was particularly noticed l)y AVashington. a ad he '^\as 
honored with the commission of Brig:ulier-Gener;d, -Tan- 
uary 9th, and ordered to relieve Creneral Porter. He 
was then but twenty-twi> years old. 

After the evacuation of Pliiladel})hia. v'/reneral Lacey 
was a member of the Penn.->ylvania Legislature, ;nnl 
served three consecutive sessions. In ITSl he closed liis 
military career, and like a good citizen married an amia- 
ble daughter of Col. Ivcyuolds, of Neu- Jers'^y. and com- 
menced a successftil carct'r of ilomestic felicity. He 
filled varicms civil offices, lived in tiie e^tt^en''. of every 
patriot mot of all his Quaker relatives) and diied at the 
village of Xev,- Mills, mow Pt-mlierton) ISew Jersey, Feb. 
14, ISU, in his o'Jth year. 

In recent years a juonument was erected to the mem- 
or}' of General Lacey, in IVarks County, Pa., wht^re he 
was born, and dedicated with Uiuch ceremony. 

The will of Genend Lacey Avas dated 1811 and 
proved March 14, 1814. and is recorded at Blount Holh. 
It named wile Antis, daughter Eliza, wife of A\'m. Smith ; 



,n -i-.f !•• > ]• 



4(^2 HISTORY or MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES:. 

dau^liter Kitty, "wife ol William Darling or J)arliiiL!;t()n. 
daughter Jaiie C. l^acey . sou Tliouia.s li. Laeey. 

He requests his uife Anils to eare for liis ai;"cd 
mother, Executors C'aiel) Xe\vl)old and William Irick. 

The Mill of Antis Laeey, ^^•nlo\v of General Tiaeey, is 
dated 1815 and prmed Fel)raary. l^ilO. She lived at Xew 
Mills. She left to her son Tliomas 1\. Laeey all her 
estate at Xe^v Mills, now called Peml)ertrni — dwelling- 
houses, barns, mills, etc., and, the remainder of lier prop- 
erty t(^ her tliree daughters, Eliza Smith, Catharine Dar- 
lington and Jane C. Hough. 

FOliEST EIHES. 

Fires have been so frequent in the extensive forests 
of Ocean county, that it is n hopeless task to attempt to 
enumerate them or describe in detail the exciting scenes 
they ha,ve (jccasioned. (.)ften thousands of acres are 
swept over and tens of thousands of dollars" worth of tim- 
ber are burned in a very short time. With a higli wind, 
the r(.'ar of the lire in the woods, tlie ilames lea})ing from 
tree-top to tree-tcqi and running along tlie dried leaves 
and bushes on the groiind make an a.ppalliug scene never 
to be forgotten ; and the exciting A\ork of iigliiing tire, 
with the Ilames often le;i]i:ng over their heads or on the 
ground escaping and surrcmuding them, is too familiar 
t(,' our old citizens to need describing. 

Aljout fifty years ago, a tii-t; hrcjJie out in the woods 
between Ovster ( 'r( ek and Eoiked liiver, and manv per- 
sons from ^Varetown and Forked lUver endeavored to 
subdue it. A sudden shift and inerease of the wind 
l)iought the flames down with such rapidity upon the 
men that they had to run for their lives toward the 
nearest body of Avater, Mhich lia})pened to be the old 
Frank Cornelius mill pond on Fovked liiver ; l)ut one 
man named Clecu'ge Collins, of A\ aretown, nnsscd the 
right ]'oad, and was overtaktju ]*y the tlames and burned 
to ileath. His shoes were left to mark the spot where he 
v/as l)urn,ed, fortwentv or thirt\' A'ears after. 



f, , .. 



-*ri.< I ••(1! • •, -.-/.' 



M •• ">i; r. 



HISTORY OF THE ])A1'TISTS IX OCEAN COUNTY. 10:] 

histoPlY of the baptists in ocean county. 



The fust church built iu Oce.iii e(ninty ^vas t]u3 one 
geueriilly known as the Baptist Church at IManalunvken. 
It was built at least as early as IToS, as it is said the 
original deed for the land on which it was situated is- 
dated August 24, IToS. and calls for 1 -20-100 acres, " l)e- 
giuniug at a stake ■if)."') links north-west from the nieetin.g- 
house," l)y which it ap]->ears the editice was alr»/ady 
erected. There is a tradition that the church was orig- 
inally erected as a free church, chictly through the- 
instrniuentaliry of James Haywood. Timt it was fr^-e to 
all denon\inations is quite evident, as in it meetings were 
held by Quakers, Presbyterians, and probably Metho- 
dists, and lun-. John 3[urr;iy, the founder (>f Universalism 
in Amei'ica. also preached in it. In A^ ebster's History of 
Presbyterianism it is claimed as a Presbyterian Church. 
Tlie autluu- probably supp;)sed it to he such because 
ministers of that society held regular services iu it — in 
fact, they held them many years before tlie Baf)tist Society 
was organized, and v,-fi-e entertained by Messrs. Haywood 
and Bandolph, subsei[uentiy named among the founders 
of the Ba]:)tist Society, as ai)pears by a letter v\'ritten by 
llev. Joiin Brainerd in ITlil. It is evident that the early 
settlers of 3Ianahaw)-:en were not only anxious to hear the 
"Word of Truth, but also believed in religious toleration. 

The history of the Baptist Society at Manaliawkeu, 
as given in ils old church record, Avas evidently written 
mail}' years after the organization of the society. It is 
well worth preserving in our local religious history. The 
following is substantially from the churcli record : 

"About 1700, James Haywood, a Baptist from Coven- 
try, Engliind ; Benjamin, Beuben and Joseph Eandolph, 
also Baptists, from Piscataway, settled in this neighbor- 
hood. TIk'V v;ere visited Ijv Pvev. M.r. Blackwell, who 
preached and Itaptized iimong them. Other liaptists 
settled among them fiunn Scotch Plains ; so that in 1770, 
they were multi})lied to nine souls, which nine Avere con- 



40J: PIISTORY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

stituted a Gospel clinn-h tluit same year by Pvev. Leii- 
janiiu Miller. They ioi)ie(l the ]3aptist Association, ami 
were oceasioually visited l)y other brethren, so tluit in 
1776 they nuial»ered lifteen. Ilev. Henry Crossley 
resided amonp; tlieni some time, and A\as succeeded by 
Eev. Isaac .13onnell, alter wliose departure there was no 
more account of Manahawken Church ; so that in 1791*, 
at a meeting of the }3aptist Association at Great Valley, 
they were alx^ut to be erased from the records, but at the 
iuterventioii of one or two biethrt-n they were spared, and 
visited by ministering brethren, and that not in vain, for 
though there could none be f<^und (»f the chai-acter of 
Bajitists save live female members, two of whom are since 
deceased, yet a numl)er round about were baptized 
among them ; but not meeting in membership with them. 
it remained doubtful whether they could be considered a 
church. Next season, they were represented to the 
Association witli tiattering prospects, and a (pn^ry was 
made vrliether they reaLly were a church, which query 
was ansv/ered in the altirmative ; in consecpaence of which 
supplies were named, some of whom ])ro2:»osed the 
propriet}' of receiving into fellowsliip among them such as 
had been, or may be in future l^aptized among them. 
The ]^r(jiiosition was generally accepted, both by the old 
members and v(jung cinditUites, and in confirmation of 
which tlie first Sunday in July, 1802, was set apart for 
the above pnr])Ose, when l^rothers Alexander McGov,'an 
and ]>eiijamiu Hedges gave their assistance. Brother 
McGowan, pastor of the church at Xew I\[iUs (now 
Pembertou), by authority, and one beliaif of S.srah 
Pui-yne iPerrine?) Mary Sjirague and EHzabcth Sliar]), 
the remainder oi the church in the place, receiving into 
union, l:.'y riglit hand of fellowship, the following named 
persr)ns, viz : 

Daniel Parker and Elizabeth his v.ife ; Edward 
Genniugs and Abigail his wife ; Thomas Edwards and 
Catharine Iris Avife ; Samuel Gr('y and Katurali iiis wife : 
Amos Sontliard and v>iie : Mary Eortuneberry ; Phelie 
P-Ttnett; Hannadi White; Martlia Headl(V.-; Leah 



••■I ;i:i 



: !l .7 I' 



. I! 1 . Ull'l I. 



MI 



HISTOr.Y OF THE BAPTLSTS IN OCEAN COUNTY. -105 

Obiyton ; H;iiin;ili Sulsey ; J^nnima Pidgeou ; Hester 
Perriiie.' In the toregoing, 3[ary Fortuiieljorrv, we pre- 
sume, blioiild be Murv Falkiuburgh. 

The Baptist Century l)Ook furnishes additional in- 
formation to the above as t'oKows : 

" The Baptist Society at Manaliawken was organ- 
ized August 'J."), 1770. In October, 1771, there were 
eleven members, and Lines Pangburn Avas a delegate to 
the Baptist Association. There were seven appoint- 
ments made for that year. 

In 1772 there were twelve memliers; four pireachers 
were appointed for the ensuing year. 

1773. No delegates : twelve members. 

177-1. Bev. Henry Crossley, delegate ; iifteen mem- 
bers ; four had joined by letter, one l)y baptism and one 
died. The church this year is called '"The Stafford 
Church." 

177'"). No delegates ; meml)ers the same. 

From 177") there are no returns until the year ISOO, 
when i\\e meml>ers are reported. 

1801. Four members, one having died. The re- 
mainiiig members of the chnrch liaving son^e doubts iu 
their minds ])ecause of the fewness of their numbers, 
whether they exist as a church or not, it is the sense of 
this Association that the church still exists, and while 
they rejoice in that prosperity which has lately attended 
the preaching of the Gospel umong them, they exort 
them to proceed to the rece})tion of jnembers and the 
election of othcers. 

1802. Fdward GHiining'^ appointed didegate ; four 
baptized, twenty received by letter, one dead ; remaining, 
27 members. 

1803. Thirty-three meml>ers. 

1804. Amos Southard and Samuel (^irey, delegates ; 
31 members. 

1805. Samuel Grey, delegate ; 74. members ; 44 bap- 
tized ; two received by letter, and tliree dismissed. 

1800. Samuel (irey .■md Edward (i..-nniugs, dele- 
crates : 0!) membei's. 



ITTI 



;!: .».-,ii,r 



■iOG hist(^i;y of .aion.moljh axi» ocean counties. 

Here ends tlie record of this elinrch in the Baptist 
Century Book. 

It will 1)0 seen l)v the fovi-goiui;;-, that from the 
outbreak of the lievolutionarv war tiiis societv seems to 
have shared the fate of so many ethers in that eventful 
perifjd, beirii;- virtually l)rok(ni up f«jr a time. Some of 
its principal members and supporters responded to tlieir 
country's call ; Pieuben Y. Iiaudol])h Ijet-ame a captain in 
the militia, his sons memljers of his compajiy; Lines 
Paugburn, who wo presume was the same |)erson lirst 
elected delegate, was killed by the Kefugees within sight 
of the church, and doul)tless others were amonu' the 
patriots from this village. wlu)did nulitarv service during 
the war, particularly in guarding against marauding 
bands of Eefugees who were active until the very close 
of the Picvolutiou. 

Eev. Benjamin Miller, who organized the church, 
belonged to ScotcJi Plains, where he labored for over 
thirty years, and died in 17Sl. 

For the items relating to the original deed of the 
church we are indebted to the researches of the late 
Samuel H. Slireve, Esq. 

OTHER BAPTIST SOCIETIES. 

The Baptist Centivry Book says that "the Ba])tist 
Church of Squan and Dover " was received into the 
Baptist Association in October, iSOo, and the same vpar 
Samuel Haven was delegate, and the society had thirty- 
eight meml)ers. In 1S<)7 Samuel Haven was again 
delegate; forty-five memlters. 

In lTordon"s History of Now Jersey, it is stated that 
a Ba])tist Society was established at West Creek in ITO'J, 
which had, about 1S8-2, thirty-three members. [This is 
believed to have been in Cape May county.] 

ISLAND HEIGHTS. 



Island Heights, near Toms Eivei-, was selected for a 
Summer resort by P.ev. Dr. Graw, who conceived the notion 



n 



•,„,;i 



I , ; i:!\ 



i)F!«' 






,/ ;■■• 



ISLAND HEIGHTS. 407 

that a CTiiii]) f^iouiul near tlie soa oiiL^lit Id Ix- I'ouiul soiiie- 
wliere in this section. ]5eiiip; PresidiiiL;- Eiiler, lie traveled 
along shove looking for a i'avdralile s]-)ot. At length he 
noticeJ what was formerly known as Dillon's Island ; the 
location })leased him and lie invited a few ministers and 
laymen to go with him and examine the site. All were 
pleased. He pi'(")]josed that 'lo or IJO jiersons unite as 
stockholders, bity the tract and proceed to develop it for 
the pnr]io>.e of a camj) meeting ground and Summer 
resort. His plan was agreed to, the land ]nirchased and 
the company incor[>orated July 1, 1^78. The directors 
chosen were : J. ]3. Graw, S. A'ausant, G. H. Morris, C. 
E. Hcndricksoii and J. Ci. Gowdy. Uev. Dr. J. B. Graw 
was chosen President, AV. W. Molfett, Yice President ; G, 
Pi. Morris, Secretary, S. Yiaisaut, Treasurer, and John 
Simjtson.. Superintendent. The certilicate of incor}n_)ra- 
tion, dated July 1, 1,S7S, was tiled July 2, 1878. Ca])ital, 
.<9,000; shares, .<.")!). The Pev. J. P. Graw took 11)2 
shaies, amouiitiug to .^.j.Im). and the f<jllowing subscribers 
six shares of s:]!)ll each : ('has. E. Heiidrickson, Mount 
Holly ; G. K. :\Iorris, Mount H.^lly : Creo. P. Wight, Cam- 
den ; Samuel Yaiisant, Toms liiver ; Geo. L. Dobbins, 
Bridgeton ; Joshua Jeffries, Camden ; Annanias Lawrence, 
Millville, George Pecil. Alisecon ; Palpli P. Ciowdy, 
Toms Piver ; Jas. G. Gowdy. Toms Piver ; David PI. 
Schock, Millvilh:' ; (reo. H. Xeal, Gloucester City ; Jam^^'S 
M. Cassidy, Camden ; amounting in all to >'i),()00. 

At this tinit' there Avere 172 acres in the tract 
]jroper, l-rl acr.'s bought of 3[rs. A. S. Brinb^y and 18 
acres of the AVHStray estate. Work was commenced at 
once; ttnderbrush removed from altout ten acres; two 
avenues jiartly op.ened ; a ]i;iviliou built ; seats arranged for 
camp ground; thirty camp meeting cottages erected and 
a hotel commenced ; a wliai-f erected, and yachts and 
hacks charteird to take visitors to and fro. In August a 
cam] I meetmu Avas held : on the 20th of Au^-aist <uie hun- 
dred lots Avere >;(ld. bringing 81". "(J!*, all of whicl; went 
for im])i-uvements. 

The PenusA Ivauia Pailroad l>uilt a bi'anch from their 






r~^ 



408 HISTORY OF MON.MOUTH AND OCEAN C(.)rNTIES. 

main line from Canuleu to Seaside Park to Island 
Heights iu tlie Summer of ISS:]. 

Island Heights takes its name from two sources : it 
originally was an island and vessels once sailed through 
a channel which existed on the north sido. It is situated 
by a steep Idulf sixty feet above the river. It was origi- 
nally known as Dr. Johnson's island, being included iu 
the patent granted to him iu lOSO. The next century it 
Avas known as Dillon's island, so called l>efore the Revo- 
lution, probably for -lames Dillon, a somewhat promi- 
nejit man about Toms Paver. It came into jiossession oi 
Jolm Imlay of Ailentowu, who, in 17'J4, sold it to Isaac 
Gulick. In 1797 Isaac (lulick and wife Alngail sold it 
to Abraham and George Pavker. In 1709 they sold it 
to Abel Middleton of Uppicr Freehold. 

A saw-mill was built ou the stream from Long 
swamp, which iu 17()') and thereabouts, was known as 
Jacob Jacobs' saw-mill. 

Tradition says that during the Pievolution Indictn 
Tom had his wigwam on what is now Island Heights. 

At the tiiiie of the whites tirst coming to this part of 
Xew Jersey, the vicinity of Island Heights was a roort 
for the Indians and they left l)ehind them a memento 
■which was noted among the ^\■hites for perhaps a century. 
This v.as the resemblance of the face of sonn;' large crea- 
ture on the South side of a huge whiteoak which was 
two feet iu diameter, cut by the Indians; the tree was 
also marked on other sides. The location of this tree i> 
thus described in a survev for 189 acres, to Ebenezer 
Applegate, made in i7oi>: his Ijeginning corner is 
described as "one chaiu northeast fiom Dr. Johnson's 
Long Swamp, the sti'eam whereof runs into Toms Piver 
at the end of Dr. Johnson's Island, beginning at a white- 
oak near two feet thrcnigh, marked in several places and 
on the soutii side with the resend)lance of tht- face of 
some large creature, suiu/osed to have been done fornuniy 
by the Indians,"' 

This whiteoak must have st()od n<:'ar the north-west 
cornir of the island. This tree is referred to as late a> 



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METHODISM IN OCEAN COUNTY. lO'.l 

1791], ill ;i survey of Kt^mietli Haiikiiisoii and Mattliew 
Howell. 

If this curious face was luaile with reference to tlie 
religious belief and worship of tlie Indians, as it prob- 
ably M-as, it is suggestive of the great contrast between 
the v.-orship at Island Heights now and at the same- 
place two centuries ago. 

The capital of the Island Heights Association was 
increased in A])rih 18H0, when 821,000 was added to the 
original amount. 

The Island Heights Hotel Association was incorpo- 
rated January 19,1888. Ca])ital s.",().(iOO. Incorporators, 
Thomas D. Dilkes, Mary Tudor, AVilliam F. Lodge, John 
F. Vogle, Jr., and Howjird I). Vansant. 

The c<n-ner-stone of the First Methodist Episcopal 
church of Island Heights \vas hdd August -29, lS82. The 
ceremonies were conducted l)y Ilev. J. I>. Graw, assisted 
by Revs. A. Lawrence, S. Thackera, J. O'Hara and John 
Simpson. 

The church was dedicated August 17, 1884. Eev. W. 
AV. Moffit, })residiiig ehler, preached the sermon, Lev. 
Joseph Savni was the pastor. 

The editice was thirty by lifty feet, surmounted by a 
cupola. It seated three hundred |)ersons and the Sunday 
School room attached, seated one hundred. 

METH013ISM IX OCEAX COUNTY. 



The lirst Mfthodists in Ocean county held their 
meetings in the old Potter Church at Goodluck. In the 
dark days of tlu- hist<)ry of Methodism, when it not 
c^nlv nift with (Opposition from other societies on account 
oi ditierence in religious views, but also when during the 
Pvevolution, tlir-ir enemies unjustly charged them with 
being in sym[>ath}' with (irc:'ct Britain, and would ;illow 
them to h<ild nit'Otin!j;s in but (ow places, the old (lood- 
luck Church was always open to tliem, and the jMMiple of 
this vicinitx' gave it.s preachers a ^^'(dcome which they 
rarelv mi't with elsewhere. 



'' I ...ij 



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Y^/ I' • // :r>« ' / 1 



410 insTOHY or M(^x.a[outii and oceax counties. 

It is probable tliat tlie pioneers of Metiiodisui visi- 
ted our county ■\vithiu a very few years after the princi- 
■|)]es of tlie society wer(i lirst prttclaiaicd in America, and 
that occasionally some [preacher would hold forth in one 
of the free churches, in school jiouses or in private^ 
houses, ]^nssiV)ly as early as 177-1. He v. A\'illiam "Watters, 
the first itinerant of An]ericau birth, was stationed in our 
State in 1771, and it is possible thai he and the noted 
Capt. Thonnis AVebb, <)[ Teniberton, (then Xew Mills,) 
may have visited tliis section. That ZL-ahnis, self-sacri- 
ficing minister of the Gospel, Jl^v. Benjamin Abbott, is 
the hrst preaclier who speaks positively of visitinu; this 
vicinity, th!)UL!:h befin'e his visit which was h\ 1778, it is 
probal)le that some if not all the follo\N iug mimed, may 
have |)reached here, viz : ('apt. Thoiuas Wel)b, Ilevs. 
Phili]) Gatch, Caleb]]. Tedicord, Wm. \Vatters,John Iviii.^, 
Daniel liuii'and A\'m. Duke. From that time up to the 
year 18(.i(), tlie names C)f preachers assigned to this part (^f 
the S::at3 is given in the " History of Methodism in Xev\' 
Jersey." J^uring the first thirty years of the pi-es^^nt 
century, among the most noted preachers in this section 
were Hevs. Sylvester and Ivoljei't Hutchinson, E/ekiel 
Coo})er, Charles Pitman and Geo. A. l{ayl)old. Ivev. 
William AVattr-rs. above mentioned as the tirst itinerant 
of Americ-an birth, ^^ho was locrded in cnir fSLate in 1771-. 
publislied in 1S()7 an account of his labors here and 
elsewlnire. 

THE FIRST ,^[ETlI^JnsT eiiu];cii. 

The first Metliodist E})iscopal Churcii at Toms 
liiver was built in 1S2S, and dedijated in tlie month of 
Novemb'er (,>f thid year, lievs. B. AVeed ami J. ]Mcdjannn 
wen- the }>reacl!('rs on tlie circuit, which was tli'Mi a }iart 
of Pemlx'ilou circuit. The building v.-a< '21 by!)!) feet. 
witii one aislf .-iml ('])en back s<^ats. It was lu-V'^r 
j^aiuted and hail bnt rr.n' coat of plaster. It cost 8710. 7'^. 
It Was free for anyl'ody of rtrtl.odox Chr;sti;;!is to 
W(>rship m, \\in-n ]iu[ o./ciipjod l»v tiic ^Metholi.-^ts. The 
l>uild;i!g v,M.-. sitn.atcd i>n H'l' >]H'r A^■<'nnt^ m tiu' gi'ave- 
vai'i], opixjsite the pr^seiit loc.-iiion of tlie clnu'ch. After 



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THE HATTLE OF MONMOUTH. 411 

thirty rears of service as a hoiise of -wcnvship, it was 
moved te) the uorth-wost corner of Hooper Avenue and 
Water street, whei'e it no\v standi-', and is occupied as a 
dwelling. 

THE BATTLE OE AIONMOUTH. 

As evervthing of an authentic cliaracter relating to 
the niemoralde l>attle of Monmouth is of abiding inter^'-st. 
the following additional acc(nints are given of that great 
event : 

COEOXEL .TOHX L.VUIlENs' ACCOUNT. 

Headquarteks, Exgeishtov/n, I 
oOtli June, 1778. ) 

My Dear Father : 

I was exceedingly chagrined that public business 
prevented my writing to you from tlie lield of battle? 
when the General sent his despatches to Congress. The 
delav, ho\\e\er, will be attended with this advantage, 
that I will ])e better able to give you an account of the 
enemy's loss ; tho' I inust now content myself with a 
very succinct relation of this all'air. The situation of 
the two armies (jn Sunday was as follows : General Wash- 
ington, with the main body of our army, was at four 
miles distant from Jhiglislitown. General Lee, with a 
chosen advanced rorps, was nt tliat tmvu. The enemy 
were retreating do'*vii tlic road which leads to Middle- 
toAvn : their liying iirmy com])osed (as it was said), oi t^vo 
battalions of Jjritish gi'cnadiers, one Hessian grenadiers, 
one l)attalion of liglit infaidry, one regiment of guards, 
two brigades of foot, ono regiment of dragoons and a 
nip.nher of mounted and dismounted Jagers. The 
enemy's rear was |uvparing to leave 31oumoath village, 
which is six miles from tjiis place, when oar advanced 
corps was marchiuL!- towards them. The militia of tlie 
country ke[)t \\\^ a random runiung hre with the Hessian 
Jagers ; no mischief was ihuie on either sids'. I was with 
a small |)arty on horsf, rt-connoitering the enemy in an 
open sp.tce V>efore ^Nronnnuitli, when 1 |)erceived two 



'-rr!, I.-) 






I. / ,f::><\ '>\<.i: 



-112 IIISTOIIY OF MON.MOl'TH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

}iarties oi" tlio ciieniy ;ul\<uicii)!_,f by tiles in tlif woi^ds on 
our riglit and left, Avitli a view, as I imaic^ined, of envel- 
oping our small party or preparing a Avay for a skirmish 
of their horse. I inmieMliately wrote an account of what 
I had seen to the General, and expressed my anxiety on 
account of tlie languid a})pearance of the continental 
troops under General Lee. Some ])erson in the mean- 
time reported to General Lee that the eneni}' were 
advancing upon us in two columns, and I was i)iformed 
that he had, in consoijuejjce, (U'dered A'arnum's hrigade, 
Avhich was in front, to repass a hritlge whii-h it had 
pjissed. I went myself and assured him of the real 
state of the case; his reply to me was, that his accounts 
had been so contradictor}', timt lie was utterly at a loss what 
part to take. I repeated my account to him in positive, 
distinct terms, and return<Hl to make further discoveries. 
I found that the two jiarties had been withdrawn from 
the v^-ood, and tliat the enemy were pre|)aring to leave 
Monmouth. I wrote a second time to General AVashing- 
tou. General Lee at length gave orders to advance. 
The eneni}' were forming themselves on the ?^liddletown 
road, with their Light Infantry in front, ruid Cavalry on 
the left Hank, while a scattering distaut lire was com- 
menced b(^tw('en our flanking |)arties and theirs. I was 
impatient and aneas\- at seeing that no disposition was 
made, and eijdeavored to find G(Mieral l^ee to inforni 
him (jf what w:is doing, and to know what was his dispo- 
sition. He told me tliat he was going to order some 
troops to march beh^w the esieinv and cut off their 
retreat. Twc; |)jec«'Sof a.rtillerv were postal on our ri^ht 
without a single fi)()t soldier to sup[)ort them. Our men 
were formed piecemeal in front of the enemv, and theie 
appeared to b- no giuu-ral plaii or di-^position calculated 
on th;it of the (Miemv, the iiaturei of the ground, (;)• a.ny 
(A the other |n'inci[;les which gtn)er;dly gcjvern in these 
cases. 

The enemy began a cannonade fi';)m two ]);irts of 
their line; their wliol*- hods- of hoi-se made a fnrions 
charge upon a small party *.'f our i-avalry and dispirited 



/ ,1 ,(.,( 



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11 - I I ■ !> . II I 



THE LATILE OF MON.MOUTH. 413 

and drove tliein, until tli'' appearance of our infantry and 
a judicious iliscliai'ge or two of artillery made tlieni retire 
precipitately. Three regiments of ours tliat had 
advanced in a plain open counti'y towards the enemy's 
left Hank, were ordered by General Lee to retire and 
occupy the villat^e of Monm><uth. They were no sooner 
formed there than they were ordered to (juit that post 
and gain the woods. One order succeeded another with 
a rapivlity and in(h^cision calculated to ruin us. The 
enemy had changed their front and were advaiicing in 
full march toward us; (nir men were fatigued with the 
excessive heat. The artillery horses were not in con- 
dition to make a in'isk retreat. A new position was 
ordered, but not generally communicated, for }iart 
of the tr(;o|)s were forming on th? right <)f the 
ground, while (*thers were marching away, and all 
tlie artillery driving otf. Tim enemy, after a short 
Imlt, resumnl their pursuit ; n.o cannon was left to 
check their progress. A regiment was ordered 
to form l)ehiu(i a fence, ami as spi-edily com- 
niamled to retire All this disgraceful retreating passed 
without the tiring of a musket, over ground which miuht 
liave l.^een dispid(^l inch by inch. We passed a detile 
and arrived at an eminence oey;_)Jid, which was defended 
on one hand bv an impracticable fen. on tlie other l)v a 
thick wood wlure our lUiu would Inive fsnight to advan- 
tage. Here, fortunately for the honor of the army, aiid 
the welfare of America. General AVashington mtd the 
troops retreating in disorder, and without any plan to 
make an opptjsitiou. He ordered some pieces of ;irtil- 
lery to be br<')Ught up to defend the p.ass, and some 
troops to form and (b.'feiid the pieces. Idle artillery was 
too tlistant to I.),- brou^hl: up readily, so tliic th.'r>' ve.s 
but little 'ippositiini givtoi here. A few sliots. thongii. and 
a little skirmisliing in th.- wood checkv'*! the eneiiiys 
career. Tln^ (ieneral (^\prt\ssed his astoni.-.hment at thi-> 
unaccountable nnr.'at. ^Fr. L.'e indecently i.'piit^d that 
the attack w;is c(»atravv to his advic<_^ and djiinion in 
council. \Vc were <^V)lig 'd to rctii'e to a position, which. 



tf > /.' ( 



•. .ill fl. 

>-■ 



414 IIISTOiiY OF MOXMOUTIl AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

thou<;li hastily recoimoitored prc^ved au exeellent one. 
Two regimeDts were formed beliiiid a fence, in front of 
the position. The enemy's horse advancrJ in full charge 
with admirable bravery to the distance of forty paces, 
when a general disci large from these two regiments did 
execution among them, and made them tiy with the 
greatest preeipit.-ition. Tlie grenadiers succeeded to the 
attack. At tliis time my Inn-se was killed under me. ]n 
this s])ot tlie action was hottest, and there was consider- 
ble slaugiiter of British grenadiers. The General or- 
dered "Woodford's lyrigade with some artillery to take 
possession of .an eminence on the enr^my's left, and can- 
nonade frcnn thence. This })rodnced an excellent elt'ect. 
The enemy were prevented from advancing on us and 
confined tliemselves to cannonatle, witli a show of 
turning our left ihiiik. ( )ur artillery answered theirs 
with the greatest vigor. The General seeing that our 
left flank was secure, as the ground was open and com- 
manded by us, So tliat the enemv could not attemj^t to 
turn it without ex])osing their own tlank to a lieavv tire 
from our artillery, and causing to ]>ass in review before 
us the force employed in turning us. In the meantime, 
C-feueral Lee continued retreating. ])ar(^n Steuben was 
ordered to form tlii^ broken troops in tlie rear. TJie can- 
luniade was incessant and the (ienerai ordered ]»arties 
to advance from time to time, to engage the British 
grenadiers and guards. The h(U"se showed themselves 
no more. The grenaditu's sho\\ed their backs and 
retreated eAerywhere with prei-ipitiition. Tliey returiied. 
however, again to the chai'ge, and were again r»^pulsed. 
They tinaily retre;).ted and got over the strong pass, 
■where, as I inenticjued before, Gener.d AVashington first 
rallied the trtjops. We advanced in force, and cmitinued 
masters C)f the ground: the standards of liberty were 
])ianted in triunijili on the llcld of liattle. AVe remained 
looking at each otJu^- vvith the defile lietween us, till 
rlark, and the}' stole (dl'in silence at ni!ilniL;ht. We have 
buried of the enenay's slain, '2->'-). ])rinci]ially of grena- 
diers ; forty odd of their Vvoitnde<l v^-hom they left a.t 



i, ,■,,,!. 



THE BATTLE OF MONMOUTH. -ll,) 

Moiiinoutli, fell into (5ur liands. Several officers are onr 
prisoners. Anioni^- tlieir killed are Col. Monetoii, a cap- 
tain of the n;uav(ls, iind several ca])tains of the j^rrenadiers. 
We have taken a ^erv inconsiderable nnjnl)er of pris- 
oners, for want of a good body of horse. Deserters are 
coming in as usual. Our officers and men behaved with 
that bravery whicli 1)ecomes freemen, and have con- 
vinced the world that they can beat British grenadiers. 
To name any one in particular W(ndd be a kind of 
injustice to the rest. There are some, however. whi> 
came more immediately under my view, whom I can 
mention that you may kn(»w them. B. General Wavne, 
Col. Barber, Col. Stewart, Col. Livingston, Col. Oswald, 
of the artillery, Capt. Doughty, deserve well of their 
country, and distinguished themselves nol)lv. 

The enemy buiied many of tlndr dead that are not 
accounted for abo^e, ami carried oti' a great nuniber of 
wouutled. I have written iliif'usely. and vet I haA-e not 
told you all. Oeneral Lee, I think, must be tried for 
misconduct. H(jwever, this is a matter not generallv 
known, though it seems almost universallv wished for. I 
would beg you, my dear father, to say nothing of it. 
You will oblige me much by excusing me to Mr. Dravton 
for not writing to him. I congratulate vou, mv dear 
father, upcjn this seasmndile victory, and am ever, 
Your most dutiful and atiectionate, 

John Laurens. 
The Honoral)le Henry Laurens, Esq. 

^ e have no r-rturns of our loss as yet. The propor- 
tion on the Held of battle appeared but small. AVe have 
many good otticers wounded. 

ANOTHER ACCOUNT. 

GENERALS WAYNE AND SCOTT TO GEN. WASHINGTON. 

Englishtown, 30tli June, 177S. 

Sir : We esteem it a duty which v\-e owe to our coun- 
try, ourselves and the officers and soldiers under our 
command, to state the following facts to your Excellencv : 

On the 2Sth instant, at live o'clock in the morjung we 
received O' 'dors to majThwith the following detachments, 



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■»J» '•.;;•• it'. )• '» !.<t; t;.". • r Mn' i 
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V- 



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11() HISTOKY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

uuiuely, Scotl's ;in<l Yariiunis brigades, Colonels Liifler 
Hud J.-u-ksou ill t'nnit, aiiiouutiiiu' to seventeen liundied 
men: C'i>Ionels \Ve.ss(jn, Livingston and Stewart, "witli 
one thousand men, eornnianded l)y General "Wayne ; a 
select detachment c)i" fonrte^^n huiidred men, rank and 
tile, under (Tt-neral Scott, witli ten pieces of artillery 
properly distribnted among the whole. 

About eight o'clock, the van niider Col. Butler arrived 
on the h.-i't of Monmouth Ciourt House, on the rear of tin- 
left Hank of the enemy, svlio were in full marcl;, moving in 
great haste and coiifusiou. At this time our main bodv 
under Genei'al Lee, were formed, at the edge of a wood 
about half a mile distant from the Court House. Gen- 
eral AYayne, who was in front reconnoitering the en-emy, 
perceiving that they had nmde a halt and were prejiar- 
ing to I'ush Colonel Ijutler "witli their horse arid a few 
foot, gave direction for liim to form and receive them, 
and at the same time sent Major Iivles to General Lee, 
recj[uesting that those trooi^s might be advanced to sup- 
jwrt those in front, and for the whole to form on the 
edge of a deep morass, wlucli extends from the east of 
the Couit House on the right a very considera,l>le dis- 
tance to the left. The troops did arrive in about an hour 
after the requisition, and were generally formed in this 
position. 

About the same time General Scott's detachment 
had jjassed the morass on the left, and the enemy's 
horse and foot that had charged Colonel Butler, were 
repulsed. The numlier of the enemy ]iow in view 
might be near two thousand, though at first not more 
than live hundred exclusive of their horse. The ground 
we novv occupied v^as the best formed by nature for 
defence, of any perhaps in the country. The enemy 
advanced with caution, keeping at a considerable dis- 
tance in front. Creneral Scott, liaving viewed tlie pv)si- 
tiou of the vi-neiuy, as well as the ground Avhere about 
twenty-Hve hundred oi (Uir troops were formed, rc- 
|)assed tJie morass and took ])ost (jii tin- left, in a tine o])en 
wo<hl, cov'.-red b^■ saiil morass in front. 



I»7 



Tin: P.ATTLE OF MONMOUTH. 417 

AVhilst this w;is (l()iim-, General ^^ ayne, pereoiviug 
that thf troojxs on tlio i-ii;ht from the wood to the Court 
House were retreatiii^j;, S(Mit (leueral Fishhouru to (xen- 
ernl Lee, re4uestiu^■ that the troops might return to sup- 
port him. lu tlie interim Cleneral Wayne repassed the 
morass, leaving Colonel ]>utler"s regiment to keej) }'Ost 
ou the right tlank of the enemy. Generals Seott and 
Wayne then went together along the morass to the Court 
House, when Major Fishhourn returned and. said that 
General Lee gave no other answer than that he W(juld 
see General "\Va^ ue himself, which he never did. The 
enemy having now an opening on the right of General 
Seott began to move on, when General A^'ayuo and Gen- 
eral Scott sent to General Lee to request him at least to 
form, to favor General Scott's retreat, hut this re»|iusi- 
tion met with the same fate as the last. The troojis kept 
still retreating, when General Scott, perceiving that he 
would not be sa])ported. tiled oil" to the left. General 
Wayne ordered Colonel Butler to fall Itack also. Thus 
were these several select detachments unaccountably 
drawn orf without lieiug suffered to come to action, al- 
though we had the most pleasant ]>ros]>ect from our 
number and position, of obtaining the most glorious and 
decisive victory. After this, we fortunately fell in with 
your Excellency. You ordered us to form part of those 
troops, whose conduct and bravery kept the enemy in 
play until you had restored order. 

AVe have taken the liberty of stating these facts in 
order to convince the world that our retreat from the 
Court House was not occasioned l)y the want of numl)ers. 
position, or wishes of l)oth oliicers and men to maintain 
tliat post. We also beg leave to mention tliat no ])lan of 
attack M'as ever communicated to us, or notice of a re- 
treat, until it iiad takt-n phvce in our rear, as we sup- 
]>osed by General Lee's (jrder. We are, cVc, 

AyTiioNY Wayne. 
Charles Scott. 



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-118 IIISTOUY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 



INLETS. 



On aeconnt of Earije^at Inlet beiii<^ at the lower end 
of the bay and the distance vessels from the head of the 
bay have to sail to get orit to sea, the need of an outltd 
nearer the head of the ba.y is seriously felt. 

While Cranbury Inlet was opened it alforded gre;it 
facilities lor vessels to trade in and out of the bay. As 
this inlet is laid d(3\vn on a ma}i (~»f 17o5 (LeAvis Evans) it 
is proluible tliat it was opened — V)roke out from 17.30 to 
1755. It was closed altout lsl'2. Durinu' the war of the 
Eevolntlon it was much used. The (pxestion of the 
exact yeiw Avlien this inlet was opened has been in liti|G:a- 
tion in our County Courts in a question involving; title to 
land on the ix-aeh in its vicinity; no decisive information 
was ol.>tained upon trial. 

Two or three attempts liave been made to open 
inlets towards tlie head of the bay. One l)y a man 
named Ortley about 1^'21 ; after working a long time 
(three or four years. I Inive heavd it said, i and spending 
much money on the eli'ort, he tini^hed the \\ork one set 
day; and that evening he and his friends had a merry 
time drinking and rejoicirig over the completion of the 
work. But a sad disappoiiitment awaited them in tlie 
morning, for the running tide, instead ol working the 
inlet dee])er, had made a bulkhead of sand and the inlet 
was soon tilled up. 

Another elfcrt was com])leted about July I, 18-17. 
A large numlier of men (a'oout three hundred), under the 
supervision of Anthony Ivins. Jr., Avorked al)Out three 
days to o])cn one o])posite Tt:)ms River ; when they 
opened it il was at high water in the bay and low Avater 
outside ; they expected the running tide would work the 
inlet deeper, but they, too, were doomed to disapitoint- 
ment, as the tides immediately tilled it up with sand, 
again. 

Barnegat Inlet is continually slowly shifting and 
changing, and ;dwavs lias been from our earliest accounts. 



SALT y>oi;ks. 410 

Six or seven ye.irs n<i(^ the oLl lij^jitlioiise Wiished 
into tlie sea. hut a new l)niUliLig had already been built 
in anticiiKitiou of this event. 

Shrewsbury Inlet (Monmouth county) o]iened in 
1778 and closed in ISOD. In ISi-JO it opened again, but 
\vas again closed S(^nie thiily years ago. 

At Little Egg Harbor a new inlet broke tlir<jugh 
Tucker's Beach aliout the year 1800 and Erigantine 
Inlet closed up. 

SALT W(3PJvS. 

Duii)ig the war of the Pievolution. salt works ^vere 
quite ]uimerous along Larnegat Bay ; two or three at 
Barnegat, ^ewliu's at AY;iretown, Brown's at Forked 
Biver, and one vU' two Government works near Toms Biver 
being ainong the number. 

From the following items it would seem that olV 
Toms Biver the State of P'-nnsylvania had salt works 
and also thi^t there was one there built by Congress. 

In the Pennsylvania Council of Safety, Xov. "2, 177t'', 
it was 

" /(V.^v//ivv/, That an orlicer and twentv-iive nuin lie 
sent to thf:' salt works at 'J'oms Biver (erected by this 
State in Toms Biver, !X. J.) as a guard, and twenty-live 
spare muskets and two howitzers and a sutlicient ipaan- 
tity of ammunition to dcferxd in case of attack." 

In Continental Congress, 177(», the President of 
Congress " was requested to write to Gov. Livingston of 
Xew Jersey, for two c<nn]Kinies of militia to guard salt 
works near Toms Biver."' 

Mention of Government salt works near Toms Biver 
is occasi'jnally met with in. ancient deeds and of a ^sind- 
mill connected tlmrewltli. 

During tlie war iieariy all the salt woi'lcs rdong our 
bay vrere either destroyed i)_\- the I'ritish or by storms, 
(some notice of v/hicii will hereafter Ije giveu. ) Th.os'"^ 
destroyed by storjns aqipear to have been built up again. 

I know of no salt v/orks alouL: our coast ()f late vears. 



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420 HISTOKY OF MOXMOUTU AND OCEAX COUNTIES. 

except at Absecoii (Atlantic couuty), some lifteen or 
twenty years au-o, which probably was not much nsed 
• then. 

In the .^V//• Jrr.scji Gaz'tf,, July, 1778, is a notice 
from the ]joaid of Proprietors, signed James Parker. 
President, caJli]jg upon owners of salt works along the 
bay, who Avish to buy wood of them from their outlands. 
to meet them at Freehold in August and they would 
dispose of it in parcels near salt works. 

CHAPvACTEPv OF THE PEFUGEES. 



GOY. LIYINGSTON S DESCT.irTION AND GALLOWAY S TESTIMONY. 



It must not lie supposed that eyils inllicted by the 
refugees upon our ancestors were such cyIIs as are 
usually incident to war. Our ancestors suffered these 
in addition. It is not probable that all who were called 
Jersey Piefugees were uatiye Jersey men ; too maiiy were. 
it is true, but the thrift and industry of the inhabitants of 
old Monmouth, wdiicli county at one time ^vas the richest 
in the State, the adYantage of dee]3 swauips and forests 
for hiding, the proximity of Paritau Bay, and the sea- 
board rendering it couYCuient to send plunder to New 
York, all formed attractions to Yillains from other places 
— yihlains whose chief object was }»lunder, often robbing- 
Tories as weir as Whigs, who scrupled at no crime to 
obtain booty, at no outrage to gratify reYenge. Their 

character is clearly set forth in the following extracts 

■- > 

one from a Whig, the other from a Tory : 

Said Gov. LiYingston, in his message to our Legisla- 
ture in 1777 : 

" The Pioyalists have plundered friends as well as 
foes; effects capalde of division they haye diyided; 
such as were not, they have destroyed. They haye 
warred on decre])id old age and upon defenceless youth ; 
they have committtnl hostilities against the professors C)f 
literature and against ministers of religion ; against 
public records and private monuments, books of inijirove- 



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CHARACTER OF THE REFUGEES. -i21 

luent.s and paj^ers of curiosity, aiul against the arts and 
sciences. Tliey have bntehered tlie wcmnded when 
asking- for quarter, mangled the (h^ad wliile weltering in 
their blood, refused to the dead their right (^f sepulture, 
suffered prisoners to iierish for want of sustenance, 
riolated the chastity of w<nnen, distigured private dwell- 
ings of taste and elegance, and in the rage of impiety and 
barbarism profaned edifices dedicated t(^ Almighty 
God.'' 

The following is the testimony of Gallaway, a Penn- 
sylvania Tory of wealth and position, vsdio at tirst vras a 
T\"liig and aftervrards turned Tory, and had pro])erty 
confiscated to the amount of _£li>,()(H) sterling. Speaking 
of Eefuuee outragt^s he savs : 

" Jiespecting indiscriminate plunder, it is known to 
thousands." 

"In respect t(j the rapes, a solemn inquiry was made, 
and affidavits take?i by v.iiicli it appears that no less than 
twenty-three Avere committed in one neighborhood in 
^ew Jersev, sotkc nf thtni ox niorriciJ u:o)iirn oi prcsruce 
of tJtcir Iiu.<J)an(J.<, ami others on daughters, while the 
unlmppy parents with unavailing tears and cries could 
only deplore their savage brutality." 

After reading such authoritative statements of the 
character of these wretclies, who will wonder that our 
ancestors were aroused, determined, to drive them from 
the soil they ]>olluted. 

Our ancestors in >)ld 3Ionmout]i did all that was 
possible for brave men to do to brin.g these villains to 
justice. Besides those hanged and killed at other places, 
thirteen were hanged on one gallows near Freehold Court 
House. 

The particulars of the capture, etc., of several of 
these villains in Monmouth is extant, but not necessary 
to introduce here, as they are given in some modern 
works. 

At the close of tlie Avar the Iiofugees generally Avent 
to Nova Scotia, but some went to the Baliamas by invita- 
tion of General Lrov.-ne. In September and October, 



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i2'I HISTORY OF MONMOU'JII AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

1782, many Ic-ft New York for Halifax ami the Baliamas 
by his iuvitatiou. 

BACON — SUM-AUAKY OE PI.TNCIEAL OUTRAGES BY HIM. 

Jolm Bacon, the Eefni^ee leader, had as he was, vet 
prol)aLly M'as the best one of tiieni of v.honi we have 
au3' accounts. In tlie previous accounts it Avill be seen 
he worked at ^Manahawkin before the war ; ^as eui^'a^ed 
in affairs at Cedar Creek, Manahawkin, Forked lliver : 
killed Stndson at Toms Eiver or Cranburv Inlet, killed 
Steelman, Soper and others, on the beach, etc. He 
plundered also the house of Ileubeu 8o]')er"s father, 
above Barne<i;at, and v^dien shut, had un, it is said, a shirt 
stolen from Soper. The day before he was killed at 
West Creek, it is stated, he was on the beach around a 
"wreck and being very olHcious in ordering men about, 
they found (jut who he was and planned to trap him at 
night. A woman, overhearing it, told Bacon and he 
escaped to the mainland just in time to V)e at Hose's 
house when Crookes" ])arty c;une up. One tradition 
differing from Governor Fort's statement, says he be^'ged 
for quarters and held up the table before him, but was 
shot tlirough tlie table. Bacr)u's wife, it is said, li'':ed at 
Pembeiton wliei^e he left two sons. (See elsewliere.) 

EEYOLUTIOXABY EEMINISCEXCES. 



Colonel Creiger, of tJie American schooner. General 
Putnam, cruised in and out of Barriegat five days about 
June, 177(). 

April, 177N. About the first of this month the 
British under Caj>tain Eobertson, landed at Squan with a 
strong force aiid destroyed a number of salt works on the 
coast; one building (probably the one nr-ar T<uns Eiver,) 
they said, belonged to Congress and cost .tO.UUO. The 
2s cir .Jrr.<rij fV'< :>///; said ot thisaliair: 

"About ojie liundred and thirty-tive of the enemy 
huided on Sunday last about teii o'clock on the south 
side of S(pian Inlet, luii'ut all the ^alt works, broke the 
kettles, etc.; stri])])ed the beds, etc., of some people there 



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ALMOST HAX(;j:b i;y mistake. 423 

who I fear -wislio'l to serve tlieiii ; then crossed the 
river and l)urnt all exc'e}it Dei-riek Lonu'street's. After 
this iiiiscliief they emharked The next day thev landed 
at Shark lliver and set tire to two salt works when the^' 
observed lifteeeu horsemen lieave in sif;"ht which occa- 
sioned tliem to retreat with the greatest haste; indeed 
they jumped into their liat bottomed i)oats with such pre- 
cipitation they sunk two of them, (^ne of the pilots 
was the noted Thomas ()akerson. The enemv consisted 
chieily of Greens, the rest Hiii;hlanders." 

The owners of salt works along our coast must have 
exj^erienced a sireak of ill luck about this time, as a 
letter in the JV//- •/. /ve// (_Tii-^rfir, dated April 1, 1778, 
says : " The 1 ite storm destroyed many of the small salt 
works along our shore \\ith ;dl the salt in them." (The 
storm here referred to must have l>et-n of unusual 
severity. Some accouiits rtdating to it coutirm the re- 
ports that it causi'd many shipwrecks on our coast.) 

May 'J'i, 177N. A r>riiish vessel with a cargo of Irish 
beef and })ork was taken by Capt. Anderson and sixteen 
rneu in an armed boat and brought into Toms lliver. 
Several other prizes al>out this time were sent into Egg- 
Harbor. Twenty-one prisoners {13 from these vessels) 
were seiit to Trenton. — .V. ./, (fiZiiU. 



ALMuST HAXGED I'.Y MLSTAKE. 

The following interesting story has claims to be 
mentioned in annals of ()e,-;!n county as Colvin. men- 
ticmed in it, lived in tlie ce)unty niany years, and it 
v.'as owing to a citizen of our county that the man referred 
to wa» not handed. The story may Ix: familiar to some, 
l)ut it is \\orrh rep-aiing: 

Two bi'others nane'J. l^M.wne, and a l)rother-in-lav\" 
named Colvin, li^.■i!lg in M;ineii<'^tei'. Vermont, got into 
an altercatioi; one (i;i\ in a he 1<1, and the brotlnu's bi^at 
Colvin so severely v.itii lioo;-, that he fidl bleeding ])ro- 
fuselv, aral the bi(niieis w ere alVadd ihev had killed him. 



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424 HISTOKY OF MONMOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

The lirotliors at inp'lit went to look after ColviiTs 
body, l)iit it had m ysterioiisly disa])p(^arod, iiiiich to 
their surprise. The ])<»wiies were p;enerally suspeeted oi 
having murdered him, ^.mt nothing- Avas done until some 
seven years afterward, when some bones, thought to be 
human liones (and afti^rward f()und to be sheep l)ones)' 
were found partly burned ; this and otln-r evidence caused 
the arrest and trial of theBownes. One was sentenced to 
be hanged and the other sentenced t(_) im])risoinnent for 
life. The chief evidenc-e A\as a confession (")f guilt by the 
younger BoAvne who Avas sentenced to prison, tlK^ugh the 
elder stoutly denied the accusation. AVhile tiie tAvo 
brothers were in jail after trial, a man residing at Pol- 
bemus' Mill>, Ocean county, happened m Xew Yorlc City 
and met with a])a])or containing an account oi the trial ; 
while reading it he ]>ecame convinced that tlie man said 
to l)e murdered ((_'olvin"i resided near him at Polhemus" 
Mills, Avith Tabor Chad wick. He <ent Avord to the Ver- 
mont bheriff. Avho came i>n priva'dy to Polhemus" Mills, 
identified Colvin and t';ok him I-.u-k, arriving at Man- 
chester only the night l)efore the day appointed for 
execution of the elder Bowne. The vill.-vgers at the hotel 
were earnestly discussing the trial, some justifying it, 
otliers comlemniug it, as no dtnid liodv was found, and 
some insisting that Colvin Aviuild yet turn ny) alive. 
"While thus debating, the stage di-.)ve u[> and the Siieritf' 
and Cohiji got out. Th" latter Avas instantly recognized 
aud his arrival c;iuscd tli" most intense excitement ; guns 
were tired, iiells Awre rung ami j)eople ran thr(~>ugli the 
streets crying, "Col\in has come."" The jailer, ui)on 
refusing to lil)erate tlm ])risi)n''rs withcnit Judgt.'s" ordei's, 
Avas brought to suhnrit l)y a cannoi; planted in front of 
the jail. Tlif. younger Bowne, in explanation, said he 
thought they really had killed (,'olvin. though he could not 
account f<n- tlic disap]>eui-anci-' of tlie bodv. and he was tuld 
lie Avould not !)(,' hanu'cd if he i-onft'ssed. ('ol\-in, always 
after Avas ])a)-tialb; liisaiK-. and rcturiu-d to this couiitA' 
Avhere he die>l. Ht.' fjoicii.'d lie owned. ever\'thing amund 
him — oiht'rwisL' lii> iusanitA" was hardlA' (il»s(>r\'al)lc. 



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THE iiUUDEllEK, PETEi; STOUT. 425 

There are people in Ocean eonnty, yet living, wlio 
remember Colvin. In tlie ^V'lv Y"/-k Ti'ihuni (ulxnit 
TS5-3 or there.tbonts, I br^lievej was a long aceonnt — tw(j 
columns — of this C'Jvin atl'air taken from the lips of one of 
the Bo^vne^. l;ist livin.g — forty years after the trial. I 
understand the case is reported in" Greenleaf"s Vernn)nt 
Iieports." It must have occurred near sixty years ago. 

THE :\[rrj)ErvEii. petee stout. 



Since the Revolutionary vrar the only murder I now 
rememlter of having Ueen committed within the limits of 
Ocean county, was the murder of a i;id iiamed Thomas 
AVilliams, by Peter Stout, at (loodluck. The lad was 
driving cattle to the meadows along the north side of 
Stout's Creek one moi'ning and met Strmt and beg;in to 
ridicule him, calling him *' eelhead,"' etc., which it seems 
was a name sometimes applied to Stout. Stout let the 
boy pa^s him and then slyly ran up behind him and 
struck him over the head with ;\n axe, \vhi(di he was <'ar- 
ryiug on his sin:)ulder. The mother of the l)ov, anxious 
at his long absence, went in search an.d found tlie liody. 
She carried it h<)me — a distance of half a mile — but was 
so distracted that she never remembered anythijig from 
the time slie saw tlie l)(;)dy until she came to her senses 
iit home, and found hers,-lf rocking the lifeless body. An 
inquest was held and among the Coroner's Jury was 
Peter Stout. An idea is often cui'rent in various i daces 
that if the mui'ilever v\as in the room, and touched the 
body with his tingos, the bh>od wtndd start afresh from 
the wcjiuuls : this \\'as startt-d here ami all the Jui\nn-n 
tottched the bi^ly except Stvmt. v.ho reached out Ids 
hand ]iart way rhen jerked it bad;, turned on his heel and 
vv'ent off wliistling. Some l)lood being o'oserved on his 
hand he said he had b^oi killing a eliicken. He v.-as 
tried at Ei-e'-liold. fteand guiliy and lianged. He made .i 
conft ssiou '.vlncii was .-ilicrward ijrintiMl in pamphlet 
form. ]lis iiod\ was burie'd ov. the south siTle of Stout's 
Creek. 



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-]:'2() IIISTuRY OF MOXXOUTH AND OCEAN COUNTIES. 

Very niauy people — ami amoug tluMii relatives of the 
lad Williams — oppo-eil the hanging of Stout, as he was 
deficient iu sense, and geuevally thought to l)e almost 
crazy at all times. The spot of the murder is still 
pointed out nearly op|>osite a ])ath\vay across Stout's 
Creek. This murder occurred Xov. 10, ISOii. Young 
AVilliams is buried in (Toodluck graveyard. Tiie follow- 
ing is the iuscri]:)iion on his toml)stone : 

J H o ii A s ^^■ 1 I, L I A M s. 

DIED NovEMiiEi; I'.i. lsn:2. 

Al,(-(1 11 years, SI lucmtlis and is dnys. 

INTERESTING EVENTS. 



An Inouisition was held in Monmouih countv Aug. 
20, 17 78, tr. inquire into chai'ges against pM-rsons disaf- 
fected, and a nnml)er of names iu 31onmouth ;n.id Oce.ai 
are given as having been found guilty. The C(nnmis- 
siouers who tried the charges were Samuel Forman, 
Kenneth Hankinson and Jacob Wikoli". 

Oct. II, 177S. We learii tliat on Wednesday last 
the enemy left Egg Harbo]- after burning several vessels 
and houses b.dongmg to gentlemen who have distin- 
guished themselves l>y their attaehnient to the American 
cause. Tliey have, it is said, Ijent their course towards 
Toms Eiver, in order to destroy our salt works."" The 
burning of houses, spoken of iii the foregciing, refers to 
the Imrning of Chestnut Neck, Atlantic county, when 
Pvdaski's guards were murdered. 

A essels of the enemy w(;uld oia-asionally get stranded 
on our lieacdi during the war. as in the tollowiug instance ; 

])ec. 0, 177S. We learn that a few days ago a 
British armed vessel. Ixmnd from Halifax to New York, 
and ricld} laden came ashore near Jjarnegat. The crew, 
about (tO in num])er, surrendered themselves prisoners to 
our militia. Goods to the amount of £.">,0()() have been 
taken out r.i her by otu' ])eoplf-, and it is said a number 
of })risone]s huxe alreaily ariived in Bordentown ; other 
])articulars not yet come t^^ liand. 

]3ec, 2s, 177S. Capt. .Vlexamler, (jf the slooj) Eliza- 



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INTKUKSTING EVEXTS. ^21 

betli oi B.'tltiinore, w.'is t.'ikoii l»y the British, but A\as 
permitted to leave iu his small boat and landed at Crau- 
berry Inlet Dec. "iSth. 

March. 177i'. Tlie sloop Success came ashore in a 
snowstorm at Barnt'^at about ^larcli. 1779. She had 
been taken by the Jli-itish Inij^ Dili;j,ence, and was on her 
way to Xew York. She hail a valuable cargo of rum, 
molasses, collee, cocoa, etc., on board. The prize m;ister 
and three hands were made })risoners and sent to 
Princeton. 

The J'< //" Jd /■•>•'// (_i(i:iif-c says that in January, 177U, 
a Refugee named John Cliberson was shot near To-m.s 
Hiver. My inipi'essiou is that this item is incorrect as to 
the place named ; tradition locates the })lace v»here he 
was shot just l)elowTuckerton on a place once occupiei.l by 
a branch of the Falkiuburgh family. Mickle's lieminis- 
cences of Gloucester gives a very )niuute account of the 
aflViir which is moreover substantially corroljorated b} 
tradition in this section. Mickle gives the name as 
William Gil)erson, not .lohn. During the year 1780 
Edward Giles, of Phihulelpliia. in the schooner Shark, 
was taken bv a slo<)p of ten guns. Giles was left in 
schooner and a prize <-re\v of four men put on board of 
lier. Giles had on bt)aril of her some choice old li([Uor 
with whic-h he man;vued to get his four captors druidc 
and then run the schooner into Little Egg Harbor. He 
helped take the four to Philadelphia. 

('S'erily it does seeiii that a })roper use of good liipior 
sometimes effects gf)od, as here it is shown that a man 
captured a vessel and four men with only a bottle of 
choice rum I ) 

About the middle of December, 17.'^0, a British l)riu- 
iu the West Indian trade was taken and brouglit into 
Toms Piiver. This brig had run short of water and 
})rovisions, and, mistaking the land for Long Island, si-nt 
a l)oat and four meji asiiore to oluain supplies. The 
railitia hearing of it Uianned two boats and v*-ent out and 
took her. Slie had on iioa.rd L'lli hlids (_)f rum and s]arit>, 
winch our ancest*>rs iironounced '" excellent," sc* thev 



4'28 IIISTOKY OF MOX.MOUTII AM) OCEAN COUNTIE^^. 

must liavo ooiisiilered tluMiisclves ODinpotent ju.lges of 
such ;iriicles ! 

The Eritisli hvly^ ^lolly was 'Iriveii ashore in a snow- 
storm near Barir'Uj.ir ; her prize erew were taken pri:^on- 
ors by our nrilitla and sput to PhihiJelphia. 

March lU, ITS-J. Tiie privateer Dart, Capt. William 
Grav, of Salem, 3I;iss., arrived at Toms Iliver with a 
prize sloop taken from the " Black Jack" a British 
galley helonginu;' to New York. The next (hay his l)oat 
with seven men wt^nt in pursuit of a brii^ which was 
near the bar. A letter from Toms Bvivcr written a few- 
days after they left said tiiey had not been heard from 
since. 

THE COASTING TBADE. 



The coasting interest must have been quite impor- 
tant at au early (hite, ;is numerous small vessels -would 
be re(|uired to carry the Irnnber t<;) ' market from the 
various mills on the different streams in the county. On 
sonit.^ of the streams, as cai North ]>ran(di Forked Biver 
and (Ml Oyst;^r Chei^k, the luinl).>r was made up into small 
rafts an.d flouted down to the bav where the vessels v.ere 
anchored, arul tlierc tak-'u ■. )n boartl. About the elose-of 
the last century and the beginning of the present, the 
cedar rail biisiiiess began to fail and the owners and 
masters of vessels fean'd they c(->uld get no remunerati\e 
employment for their scdioouers and sloo])s. And to add_ 
to their anxiety, about this time they V»egan to hear 
runn)rs that Fulton, Fitch and others had made inven- 
tion^i by wlut-Ji vi.'ssels could l»e run bv steam and not be 
depenth'iit on capi'icious winds and tides, and that they 
would soon ilisplace sailing vessels. Th-' coasters were 
incredulous, and ridiculed tin,' idea of a vessel Itcing 
driven l)y "• a kettle fid! of Ijoiling wattn."' Nevertheless 
st(^amboats ]>roved a success, and not nidv a success but 
proved the salvation, inste;id of the ruin, of tin' coasters 
intei\'sts. for tht- r-.teand)oats reipdred pine W(jod for fu'd 
which th(> vessels supplii-'d from various points ahnig tlie 
bav, and eventualh- fivjui \ ireiaia. 






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BLACKS IX THE REV(JI.UriOX. 42U 

CIJAKCOAL. 

Botwotni 18o<) ;i'.ul ISIO, tlie siip])ly of pine 
wood s'liifable lor market l)ej;i'an to tail, and the coasters 
again began to incjuiri.^ " what business could next be 
found for A'essels. ' Tliis was satisfactorily answered to 
many by the starting of the charcoal traile. The loiiii 
ranks of cord\vood near all our landings, so well remem- 
bered by oldest residents, gave place to piles of charcord, 
the dust- from which made it almost impossible to tell 
whetlier a seafaring man ^as white or black. Tli'^n 
came the demand for c(jasting vessels to c irrv hard coal, 
anthi'acite and bitiuninous, from Philadel[dua, Alexandria 
and other })]aces to other ports. 

BeiVjre any very large business was done in ex- 
})orting charcoal, considerable (juantities nf it were made 
for the use of furiiaces and foVges. The " coalin.g 
grounds"' for re(h:}ral Furnace and David AVright's Foi'ge 
are named in IT'.'o in anciant deeds for lands near Hurri- 
cane and Ijlack Swamp ; the Federal c.)m])any's coal- 
ing ground on Flurricane Neck is named in 1797. In 
1S25 "Jack Co(di."s Coal Kiln Bottom" and "Morocco 
Kiln" are named. 

BLACKS IX THE BEVOLUTIOX. 

In hulking over the llexolutionary history of Ocean 
and Monmouth (as well as of some oth«n- Darts of the 
State) our notice is freipiently attracted to the nund)er 
of blacks who aid(^d the British and Fiefiigees through- 
out the vv'ar. In soine of the rtMiUniscences herewith 
published, the f;u-t of tin,' JJlacks being with the enemv 
lias been noticed, as f'U' instam-p at Forked Biver ; the 
Ilefugee leader, Davpuport, had forty witii him : at Toms 
Biver, the ]]hicks aided thti British; and the historv of 
Monmouth fui'nishes nnm(_-roU-> instaJiccs ]iriA'ing t'lat 
the Blacks were ;ictive ;uid valuable aids to the eiu-mv 
as in the case of the nut."! Cul. Tye and his conipanv, 
who were with tin' Biitish in the attack on ('apt. 
Huddv's hous.' at ( 'mU'.^ Xcck. It is no dillicidt matter 



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430 HISTORY OF ^ro^■.^ro^T^ and oceax counties. 

to tell why tlie Ijbu-ks aided the enemy — tliey received 
tlieir liberty Itv so doiii^-. The question naturally arises 
in the niiu'l, " Wonld not our ancestors liave gained l^y 
freeinp; the l>hu*ks ;ind thus securing;' tlieir aid aa'ainst 
the British?" They undoubtedly tlnniuht they could 
not aft'ord the ex})ense. It will be remembered that 
althouu-h jihdde Island and Massachusetts freed man^- 
slaves to join the American army, yet their value was 
paid to the owners — Ilhodf Island liiving S7")0, and 3Ias- 
sachusetts sl.OOO each, for them, makinu' it (juite a costly 
undertaking. New Jersey, and particularly (3hl Monmout li 
was noted for liberality in furnishing men and money 
and it was thought. doul)tlessly, that to buy the blacks 
of their owners to light (jn our side would prove more 
costlv than they could al'r'ord. Supjujse there Mere two 
thousaml ;djl(-' bodied male slaves nt flic Sinie ; these at 
the price })aid by llhode Island — the lowest price then 
paid — would amount to a miili(>n and a half dollars — a 
very serious tax to a peo|)l(? already taxed seemingly to 
tlie utmost. The ijuestion then was not about freeing 
the slaves of tln^ c //'-//.'// .' that was a ])oint about which 
there seemed but little dispute ; the iJritJsh used run- 
away slaves and no protect against tluur right to do so 
(alt]u)Ugh ])rot(,'st was made against Lm'd l^imniore 
afterward selling them). But when we read how valua- 
ble thes(^ blacks provr-d to the enemy. inffU'ming them 
who had money, plate, horses, cattle and valuables of 
any description ; where they lived ; acting as })ilots or 
guides through by-roads ami italhs — helping tlestroy 
all they crndd not carry away and lighting with desper- 
ate, undisputed lu-avcry. These considerations alone, to 
say nothing of the niLiny valuable liN'(.>s lost, would seem 
to show that our ancestors, in the mere seltish vicu' of 
dollars and cents, were clearly the losers by rheir }iolicy 
— certain! V so in Old Monmouth. 



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JOEL PArvKEE. 



The fori(>\\ii\^- is :iu abstract of i\\<- memorial of ex- 
Governor aiul Jiu\i;o Ooel Parker prepared at tiie re- 
quest of tlu> New Jei'sev Historical Society V>y Maj. 
James S. Yard, Editor of the ^hnniioiitji Jj< mm-iiit. Free- 
hold, and read at a meeti}ig of the Society at Newark, 
May 17, 1SS8 : 

It so came alioiu, under the guidance of Divine 
Providence, that Joel Parker became Governor of 
New Jersey at the most critical period in the history of the 
War of the Piebellif >n. He was then forty-six years old, and 
in the prime of his intellectual and physic;d strength and 
vigor. In 1.S17 he was elected to thr Assembly, and in 
1852 he was a^qiointed as Prosecutor of the J'leas for 
Monmontli. In l)oth of these positions he discharged 
his puV)lic duties with signal ability. In the Assembly, 
although tlie youngest mi^mlier of that b(:iily. he distin- 
guished himself throughout tlie State l-y introducing a 
measure, which afterwards l)ecame a law. to equalize 
taxation by taxing j^iersonal as well as real property. 

In Deceml^er, 1S57. at a meeting of the Pegimental 
Oflicers, lu' v/as elected Prigadier General of the ]\Iun- 
mouth and Ocean Prigadi- of State Militia, and pr(~»ceid«'l 
to thoroughly organize: the corps. At the outbreak of 
the war Maj. Cren. r\L;ore, Commander of the Tliird 
Division of tlie State ]\Jilitia, resigned on account of age 
and intirmity, and on the 7th (jf May, 18f'»l, General 
Parker was n(5minated by Gt)v. Olden, and unanimously 
.onlirmed liy tlie Senate as his successor. This .-ippoira- 
rnent v>'as made for the purpose oi promoting volunteering 
for the suppression (_>f tlie rebellion. Party strife at this 
time was rife a)nl l)itt»'i-. but Gen. Parker's patriotic 
elTorts were generally reci agnized ami commended alike 
by partv friends and foes, and [)Ut New Jersey in. ihe 
front rank of the loyal Stati-s. 

In the F.ill of 1S';2. after the defeat of the operation.s 
against Iliclrmond, and tlie famous seven days" tight on 
the Peninsula, and wlien tiie fate of our nati<Mnd existence 






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4o'2 HIST01;Y OF MUX-MUUTH AND OCF.AX COCNTIES. 

seemed to tienible in tlie balaure, Geu. Parker was 
nominated fi>v GoNfrnor and was elected by a majority 
three times greater than had ever before lieen i;iven in 
the State tor any candidate for that position. His ^'lec- 
tion ,u'av(.' a new im})etns to tlie national cause, and his 
adnriuistration, wluch in all i-espects was eminently a 
successful one, Avas especially disting-uished for its 
etirciency in jiromotinj.'; enlistments in the army, and for 
successfully koei»inii; up volunteerin,!;' for this ])ur|)Ose 
for a ypar after all otiier states had been oblio-ed to 
resort to tlie d]';d"t to till tlieir rei^imeuts. 

Thvoui;li these etYorts New Jersey is enabled to 
boast that no man was ever taken unwillingly from the 
State to lill the ([uota of troops demanded by the general 
government. 

His action during the invasion of Pennsylvania by 
tlie rel^ei forces is still fresh in the public mind. Before 
the people of that State had recovered from the panic 
caused h\ this inv;ision, he Inad rallied regiments of 
Jerseymen to the standard and was marching them to 
their defence, for Avliich service he was pul)licly com]di- 
mented by President Lincoln and Go\. Curtin. In ISOI, 
when Maryland was invaded and the National Ca]ntol 
was threatened, lie did not Avait to hear from the 
authorities at Yrashington, Ijut immediately set about 
the raising of reinforcHuients to drive the invaders back. 
These are ln;t instances of the foresight, vigor and 
patri<jtism which characterized liis eiforts throughout 
liis adrjiinistraiio]! down to the close of the Avar. 

In ly(];;, after the Battle of Gettysburg, and without 
waiting for the action of the Legislature, Governor Par- 
ker dispatched an agent to the battle-held to personally 
superintend, v^'ith great care, the removal of the remains 
of the Xev,' Jersey dead. A plot of grotmd was secured on 
the held, the bodies were carefully re-interred, and the 
ground v,as set apart for this sacred piir})ose, with appro- 
priate ceremmiies, in thf presence of a vast concourse of 
people assem1)h'd to witness them. 

Put his eti'orts did not sto}> at the operations in the 



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JOEL rAlMCER. 483 

field. Tliey exteiuled also to the cure of the Jers(/_v 
soldiers in their c;ini))s and hospital-^ and (<f their 
families at home. ( )ne of his nrst acts as Ciovernor Avas 
tu establish an Ageuey at A\'ashiiigton to look after the 
welfare of the New Jersey troops, to facilitate transfers 
and discharges in deserving eases, and to alleviate the 
sufferings of the siek and wounded. The agency also 
received monev from the soldiers in the field and 
transmitted it t<.) their fanulies without expense to them. 
Hundreds of thousaruls (;f dollars were thus received 
and transmitted, and thousands of soldiers and soldiers" 
families remember -with gratitude, to-day, his efforts to 
promote their welfare, and bless him for his kindlv 
sympathy. He also instituted iu(|uiries into the con- 
dition of the disabled soldiers ;ind their families, and 
appointed a commission to report what legislation was 
necessary to j-elieve them. In his second annual message 
lie recommended the establishment of a Soldiers' Home, 
or Retreat, out of which grew the prt^^ent admirable 
provision made by the State for that purpose. 

Under most, if not all of the State Constituti(.>ns, 
during tlie first years i)f the war there was no provision for 
taking the votes of soldiers in the field. Tliis omis- 
sion was not discovered in time to provide in New Jersey 
for the election of l!^(i4, it recp.iiring two years to amend 
the Constitution ; but the Lf^gJsL'dare of tliat year adopt- 
ed resolutions requesting the military authorities to 
furlough the soldiers entitled to vote, so far as it could 
l)e done without detriment to the service, to go home and 
vote. Gov. Parker, in transmitting these resolutions to 
the President, expressed the wish that all Xew Jersey 
soldiers, witliout distinction of ]^arty, who could be 
spared, should be allowed to come home on election day, 
and particularly desired tliat soldiers in hospitals who 
were able to travel, be allov, t-d to visit their homes for 
that purpose. He also A\rote to the State Agent at 
Washington, instructing him to assist the soldiers in 
gettiiig fuiloughs. The Constitution on this point was 
afterwards amended. 



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4.3A HISTOIiY OF .ArON.MoUTH AND OrEAN COUNTIES. 

Gov. Paivkev Avas always frank and outs]-)oken in his 
views in rejiard to ihi^ coiiduct of the war, as he was en 
all other matters of juihlii' policy, and Avhilr. fre<[nentl_\ 
differing in opinion witli the administration at AYashinL;;- 
ton, he never faltered in the disc-harge of his duty to 
sustain by all mt^ans in liis power the effort to restore the 
Union, or in his belief in the ultimate success of the 
National cause. He was a man of strong convictions, 
and necessarily and essentially a party man, neglecting 
no honest and fair (.})})ortuui!.y to ailvance the irderests 
of his party, yet his ih'st consideiation was alwavs the 
public interests. In all of his appointments, militarv 
and civil, he carefully scrutinized the character and 
qualifications of the candidate. Xo question of partv 
ever entered int<^ any oi his a])pointments to the^militarv 
service, while in his a[>poiutments to the civil service the 
fitness of the api^oiutee generally silenced the clamor of 
the friends of the dis.ippointed candidates: and Avhile 
this is the rock u]>on wlucli the popularity of tlie 
executive is usually A\recked, and wliile he made 
more a}ipoi]jtments than any other man who has ever 
filled the execittlve ciiair of our Stat'\ yet he rettirned 
at the close (ji l)oth his tei'ms (jf oflice with his popularitv 
unim})aired. 

Joel Parker was inu;dely iind thort^ugldy a Tersev- 
man, ]ri-oud of his S^ate and of its history. He neglected 
no op]iortunity to eulogize it, and warmly reser.ted aiiv 
indignity aimed at it. But his patriotism was greater 
than his State pride — it eml)racod our whole country. 
lu his love for its instltutioiis ar^d in his faith in its 
future glory he nevi'r wavered. He was beyond dispute 
the foremost man of Jiis generation in liis native Stiite in 
all those qualities that go to make a man useful to and 
beloved by his fellovv -men. In his piivat^ life he was 
pure and abov;^ reproadi. fie vvus not a brilliant man, 
as the world reckons it, but he was a gn^at nian, broad. 
liberal, conscientious, faithful ;iiul true, and deserves to 
be conspicuously In^iored Ijy tlie generation that lie 
served so long ;ind so Mell. 



.toi:l pakker. -ido 

IJIKTH, PAKENTAGF. AND EDUCATION. 

Jftel Parker was horu iu Freehold towuslnjj ou the 
24th of >.'v)veml)er, 18L(n in a lioiise still standing on tlie 
Monnt Holly road about four miles ^vest of Freeliold, in 
what is now Millstone township. A small village known 
as Smithburg has a;ro\vn up around it recently. His 
father was Charles Parker, who was born in the same 
neighliorhood, and who was Sheriff of the county, mem- 
ber of the Assembly, and for thirteen years State 
Treasurer and at the same time State Librarian. His 
mother, who was also a native of the county as it was 
then ctmstitutfHl, was a daiii^diter of Capt. Joseph Coward, 
of the Continental Army. He received his primary edu- 
cation at the old Trenton Academy, and was prepared 
for college at the Lawrenceville High School. In the 
meantime he spent two years as manager on a farm 
which, his lather then owned near Colts Neck. He was 
graduated at Princeton in 1839, and immediately com- 
mejiced the study of la\\' in the office of the Hon. Henrv 
^V. Green, at Trenton, and was admitted to the Bar in 
IS-l'J, when he located at Freehold and commenced the 
jn'actice of his profession. 

HIS EAIILY CAREER. 

In 1810 he cast liis first Presidential vote for Martin 
Tan P)uren, the nominee of the Democratic party. In 
1844 he entered the political arena in su^iport of the 
election of James K. Polk as President, and distinguished 
liimself in that campaign as a public speaker. 

HIS SOCIAL RELATIONS, MAr.TJAGE AND DEATH. 

Although his hmg and busy life was crowded with 
great public cares, he did not forget the minor public 
duties nor the obligations of social life. He was one of 
the original niemV>ers of the lodge of Odd Fellows of his 
t(^wn and ahv.iys retained an interest in its welfare ; m 
his earliei years he took an active part in its affairs, filling 
the ditVerent olHeial [>ositii.tns and representing it in the 
State (xrand Loilgr. He was also a member of the Ma- 
sonic lodije of liis t;)'.vn. In both oi those organizations 



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4o<» IIISTOJIY 0¥ MoXMGUTH ANlJ CC'EAX COUNTIES. 

he remaiiied an licju'^red niemlxT up to the timt- of Lis 
(loatli. , He Av.-i:^. for many years a menilu'r of the Ui;ii<)n 
Fire Company of Trenton, and of the Fire Department of 
Freehold, aiding both Avith his counsels and his pnrse. 
He was also a member of the C'ommandery of the State 
of Penusylvaniu of tlie 3Iilitary Order of the Lov;il 
Legion of the I nited States ; ;l member of the Tammany 
Society of Xew York City, and an honorary member of 
the Society of the Cincinnati of the State of Xew Jersey. 
In 1881 he united with the Presbyterian CJinrch of Fi'ee- 
hold, on confession of faith, and afterwards remained an 
acceptobh^ member and communicant of th;it chundi. In 
IS-lo he was married t(j ]^laii;i M., eldest daughter of 
Samuel E. Gum mere, Clerk in Chancery of New Jersey, 
who suryiyes him, v,it!) t^vo sons, Charles and Frederick, 
both practicing huvyers of some years' standing at the 
Bar of Monmouth County, and ii daughter, Bessie. On 
Saturday, the olst day of December, 1887, after holding 
a special sessioji of the Burlington County Courts, he 
went to Philadel[)hia, and feeling uirNvell he called at the 
house of a friend, where, in a few minutes, he receiyed a 
stroke of paralysis. He died on the following Moiuhiy, 
shortly after midnight, surrounded by tlie immediate 
members ()f his family. He rallied suthcit;'ntly on Satur- 
day eyening to recognize bis wife, hut afterwards neyer 
regained ccmsciousness. 

PERSONAL .yPEAr.ANCE AND GENERAL CHAKACTEIUSTICS. 

His pei'bimad a})peaj'ance was imposing. He was 
slightly oyer six feet high, witli a massiye frame admira- 
bly ]iro])orti<)!ied, ahead well p(;ised, manly and dignilied 
in his l)earing, easy and attractiye in his manner ; in 
public, free and self-})OSsess(Hl, easily ap})roac]ied l»y the 
liumblest meml)er of the community, but iieyer conde- 
scendijig to unseeudy fannliarity. He was persistent in 
the ])ursuit of th(.> (dijeet in Avhich he was interested, and 
in suii]X)rt of the cause wluch he had espc.used : n-. ye]- 
domineering, but [xn'suasive and eoneiliating ; avoiding 
persona] ;intagonisms he skilfully laid liis course between 



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437 



couteuding facticTus and readied the goal Avlule otliers 
were •wrangling l\v the way. Conservative in all his 
views and sometimes cousiiiei-cd so almost to a fault, he 
was always a safe leader in public atrairs and reliable as 
a persona] adviser. 

AVhen lie died his fellow citizens througliout the 
State — all ranks and conditions of men — alike pressed 
forward to lay their tril)ute of aflection and regard upon 
his bier. Tlie Governor issued a pruclamation 3-eciting 
the eminent services he had rendered the State, and 
caused public Inuiors to be paid to his memory ; the bus- 
iness of the courts was suspended while eulogies were 
pronounced and resolutions >:)f I'espect and condolence 
were placed upon their records ; organizations, public 
and social, vied with eacli other in manifestations of 
friendship and esteem, and the press united in one com- 
mon expression of high a^ipreciation of his life and puldic 
services. 

At the session of the Legislature of 18<SS a joint 
resolution v»-as passed by l)oth Houses providing for the 
purchase of a portrait of Gov. Parker. This p'ortrait 
was afterwards painted by Julian Scott, and hung with 
;ippro[)riate ceremonies in the Assembly Chamber on the 
4th of February, LS80. 

• !Sti;on';, 'ini'l tlit jHnils that Ix-^iU bis tinu-, 
Sthono. in t)u' chair of St,\U- he hnu.irt.cl 1cli>_', 
STKriNti. in (I'VLiiidU t'l his hciiie -.aid t'ricn.ls, 
^Vhere^e^■ fortin>e tViUrid or plarod liiiu. SruoNf;. 

■■KiN'D. with a kiuiln'3ss words c^unot ex]"iress. 
Kixii. w'ithi :i sweetDoss Im'tu of noble niiuil. 
KiMi. let the t'-ar-drop pathos started, siieak; 
To youth and au'f, to jioor and sorrcnviug, kind. 

"Great, iu the virtues that adorneti his life, 
(tt-kat, in the annals of his native State. 
Gi'.EAT. iu his fearless chain})ions]ii[i of n'^'ht. 
In (verv tru.^l and statUiii, trulv (iuEAX. "* 



"Ki-ink P. Afi-Derni'vtt. ri-e,'hol,l, in the M,,iiii",r/i Th-ia'.rrnf. Jhu. VI. lS8s. 



438 in^roiiY of :^[o^"MOUT[I and ocean counties. 
PERSECUTION OF (,)UAK£RS. 



Edward Wl'.;i!u>u was one of tlie most zealdus 
Quakers of hi;; time, and lived at S;ilem, Mass. In HW.i 
lie gave an order to JoIju Ilauee t(i l;old and enjoy his 
lot of laud. 

George AVharton and John Harwood, of Loudon, 
appointed John Hance, of Sh]-e\\"sl)urv, as their attorney. 

Edward Wliarton was a noted man in the liistor}' of 
the Society of Friends. He was iu Salem as early as 
1G55 and was ealk'd "glazier." His laisiness (^r" out- 
ward oecasions,'" a> Rishop's "'New England Judged " 
terms it, required him to make freciuent journeys to 
Pihodo IsUin<l and other ])l.iees, and he fre(piently 
accompanied Quaker preachers on their visits to various 
places, sometimes as fur as Long Island. He first liegan 
to suffer for his faitli in Iti'jS. Iu lC,o[) he w;is given 
twenty-four lash;-s aiid lined diK ^\hich a frien.d ])aid, as 
lie would not j»ay it. In lli'd the st.ipes wove again 
given to him and to John ( 'hamherlain. snj)p(>seil ances- 
tor of tJioliist Chamljerlaius of ^roinnouth, for protestinu' 
against thf l)nital hanging of ^^ iliiam Le<ldra, who v.as 
hanged on !jost(^n Ctunmon for p'reaching his faith. It 
is not st.itt'vl that Chamlxulain was tlr-n a <^)naker. but 
bis feelings of Immanity |n'omj)tr 1 liim to protest 
against the act. AMjarton, des|)ite all tlirrats. remained 
"with Leddra until he was executed. In lt'»()"2 he accom- 
panied two <^^ua]:er women, priiarhcrs. i-ianu'd Alict' 
Ambrose aarl ^Marv Tomkins, to Lon^- Inland. iL're tlit- 
Dutch auth'jritii'S arrested all thr(:e of them, and alhu 
John Tiltou and ?Jar^ , his wife, \\ illiam Leap*', of New- 
poi't, \\]\o was Avitii them, and otlier--. ami kfpt them 
prisoner.-^ for t'-n (L-iys. and then ])Ut them all. exi.-;^|it 
John Tilloii aral wile, on a ship and sent them i:>ut of 
tlxeir inri.-^di'-tioi:. 

In Iiiijl Alice Ambrose and Mary Tomkiiis came to 
Loston from A'ii-ginia, wlnoe thc\ had l)een julhn'icvl ;md 
then "given ihirty-two strijtos vvith a whip ■_>( nine cords 
and every cid tiiree kncjls."' 



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rERSECUTION OF QUAKEIiS. 439 

Marv Toiiikins, ^vliile in JijDstoii, was taken so ^ick 
she tliuuglit she wonUl tlie. EJwarJ "Wharton ami an- 
other Quaker nanieJ Wonlock Christian, M'ent from Saloni 
to see her. The constables took lier to jail and hoth 
Avonicii and tlie two men were ordered to be whipped. 
Colonel Temple interceded and i^'ot three ck'ar, but they 
vented their Avrath on Edward A^'ha^ton aiiamst whom 
they had no charue but that of leavi)ig his lioine in 
Salem and coming to Boston to see a sick frieji<l. (tuv. 
Endioott issued his warrant to have AVharton given tliirty 
stripes on iiis Jiaked l)ody, *' convicted of lieing a vaga- 
bond from his own dweiliug place. ' This warrant was 
dated June ''A\ y>i')L Wharton was taken to tlie market 
place and strip;}>ed, ajid his arms bound to tlie wheels of 
a cannrui. Coiistable John Eowell bade tlie hangman to 
whip, which v,-as so cruelly done tliat it was testified that 
peas might be put in the h^les made hy the knots in the 
whip, on his liesh,arms and back. ^^ harton was not cowed 
by his cruel treatment, luit after it was over he said, "'I 
think I shall be here to-morrow, again I "" He was well 
oil' and next day he said to IJeut. C<)\ernor Beilingham : 
" How is it that 1 should be a vagabijiul yesterday and 
Jiot to-day V ' AYlnu-ton had lieen in this country some 
twenty ytnirs and Jiad sup[)lied (ioveruor Endic<>tt with 
necessaries of life wlien iie was in huudde and sutl'.-ring 
circumstances. A Icngtiiy letter is given in Bisliops 
" Xew Enghmd Judg<"'d,'' c()mphiining of (lov. Endicctt's 
ingvatir.nle and of ]\i< injustice. This lettm' was written 
by Jdbn Suiith, i.os.^ibly the oiv? sn.l)-,e(pumtly in ]Mon- 
nH)Vitli. wl;ipse wife ^largart^t had bei'U imprisDued all 
wi'iter l)y I'hidicfttt's c)rders. Smith u[»liraided him fi«r 
his "iiard liartedness to neighbors to v\-hom tlnni Jiadst 
^irmeiU- been liejiohhrn to and iielpi'd in a time of w;int 
^^}^( n tiiou hadst no brejul I " AVharti'U was punislied at 
otli.i- rimes, but the foregoing statements are suiticioit to 
show Win; }u3 aided in t-stablishing the settlement in 
?Jon]ru>utli v.-jiere r(?iiuious tt>h-ration should be insni'i'd. 

Th(^ persisttMice of WInirton in ti-av<dling wit'ii <^>ua- 
ker preaehei'S, visiting tliem iji prison and aiding theiu 



i;.'.: . ■ r'j '•■"; * .!'• J- 'i. 









if:! // 



I! •■'* ! ;I 



1 i^:;-.'- I }.:::) )' 



.1 - ). 



,|j,i ..M-. -ii"- -.I'- "i; 'i'l 



1 ./ . I - ,. >f 



440 HISTORY OF :.[(^XMOrTII ANIt OCEAN COUXTIKS. 

ill eveiT way to tlio V>ost of ]iis aliility, despite stvipes 
i\r\d iiupvist^iiiiient. slu^w an aiiseltisli lieroisni rarely wit- 
nessed. He -was highly estfeuicd liy his Puritan ueioh- 
bors for everytliiiiL!,' exeetit liis <^'nakerisni. 

Eliakiru AA ardell, wlio was lirst named in ]Monni'-utli, 
was a son nf Tli(>nias Warded, wlio came to tliis ccmntrv 
and was made a freeman at Jl'tston. 1G34. He liail four 
sons. Tin- father '.vas disarmed in lOoT, for Ixdu^- an 
Antin<ind;in. as tlie foUuv/ers of Ann Hutehinson M'ere 
called. Simie years later, when the Quakers began 
preachinu' tlieir views. Eli;dcim harbored one of tliem 
named "Wenlock C'hristison, for which tin- C'lurt in 1(').59 
lined liim, and, as Warddl wuuld not pav the tine, the 
officer levied " on a pretty beast for t'le saddle isavs 
"Bish(»p"s Xew England Judged") wortli i;14, Avhi'/li was 
taken for the tine, wliich was less than the value of the 
liorse, tlie overplus, to make up to liim, some of tlie otii- 
cers plundenMl dhl TVilliaixi Marston of a vessel of ^reen 
ginger, wjiicli lor soiur^ tine was taken from him and 
forced it into Eliakim's house, where lie let it bo and 
touched it not. In. }U'oeess of time Eliakiiii came to be 
lined again, and M'liej'eas, according to law, he should 
have the ('verplu.-> of the beast restoreil to him, yet the 
executors came and t.;r)k the ginger away as aforesaid, 
which was all the satisfactii^n that was made to him. 
And notwithstanding, he came not to vour invented 
worship, but was fined ten shillings for his absence and 
his wife's, yet In was often rat'Ml for priest's hire. And 
the ]n'iest, Seal>orn Cf^tt'Jii (old John Cotton's soni, to 
o])tain his end, sold Ids rate tij a man almost as bad as 
himself, who is n.imed Xathanif^l Jjoulton, who came on 
pretence of borrowin-j- a little corn for himself, which the 
harmh^ss, lionest m.an. willingly lent him. And he, find- 
ing thereby tiuit in- h;id the corn, which was his design, 
Judiis-iike, he went and bought the rate of the ]nh^st ainl 
came ainl measured as he pl('as<-d. Another time he had 
a heifer taken from Inm fo)- priest's rates, and thr-u 
alnuist all his marsli ;uid meailow ground taki'H from 
him, v/hich was to icee)) his rattle in winter." 



I - 1 



,/ ■,■ 



TALES OF FOliKST AND SKA. 



-ill 



Eliakiiii Wardell Avas at one time sentonced to be 
■\vliip])e(l Vvitli iit'teen lashes at tlie carts tail, for alleueJ 
disrespectiul remarks of Simon Bradstreet. which re- 
marks he made l)ecanse Bradstreet had s})uken disre- 
spectfully of liis (AVardfirsi wife. His Avife's nami^ 
previous to her marriage was Lydia Perkius. lu li'AVl 
Wardell and a man named "William Fourbir^h witnessed 
the whippiuu- of two (^)uaker women named Mary Tt nap- 
kins and Alice Ambrose, at Xewbnryport, and for pro- 
testing against the ]ninishment, both men were put in 
stocks. His wife Lydia had been ;i member of the 
church, but when the (^)uakers pronrulgated their doc- 
trines she joined them. She was also a victim of the 
lash of the Puritans. 

Eliakim "Wardell aiivl wife Lydia, at this time lived 
at " Hamj^nn. fourteen mih.-s from Dover." There is but 
little doubt that A\'ardeU ai]d wife, and Edward AVharton 
of Salem, and Jann^s Heard, all (^)uak<:'rs. were induced to 
aid in the settlement of 3Ionnn)Uth by the energetic 
Quaker merchant of Newport. AVilliam lleape, whose 
business led him to \arious places. 

TALES or EOliEST AND SEA. 



The extensive forests in Ocean county have been 
witness of m;iiiv e?;ciling scenes occasioned liv lires in the 
woods, children lost, etc. Fires in the woods have l)ee]i 
too numerous to attempt to particularize. (_)ften hun- 
dreds of acres are swept over and tens of thousands of 
dolla.i's worth (;f timl)er are burned m a shoi't time. 
T\'ith a high wind, the roar of the lire in the woods, the 
a})}'earaiice of the slcy, etc.. are a])[»alling. " Fighting 
lire "" is faniiliur to huudreds of citizens of Ocean county. 
Occ-'.sionally life is tliu-^ lost as in the fe)llowing instance: 

About hit}' yea.rs ago, many }iersons were tighting tire 
near Forkird Paver. A sudileii shift of wind brought the 
fla)nes witli such spc-d do\vn upon tin' nn^n that they had 
to run for their li\-,,'s to a uiill pond not far oil'; but one 
man named Collins missed the road to the ])oml and was 



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I I • ; M - : M ; i 



< • 



4:4.2 Hisroi;Y or mon:\ioutji and ocean counties. 

overtaken 1)} tlie liauies ami Itiinicd to death. The t'ol- 
lowiiig is a case of a rhilcl lost in the woods : 

About tliirtv years a-o a little hoy named AVarren 
Conklin of some six or seven years of ap;e, livin<;- at Bar- 
negat, started to take liis father's dinner to liini in the 
^voods, a mile or so frojn home. The hoy got lost and 
search was made next day and for weeks after, and l)y 
hundreds of ])eople. hut of no avail until three months 
aftei', liis body w;is found, partly decayed, chise to where 
persons had been many times. The search was so gen- 
eral that it was estimated that it would have taken one man 
se'venteen years to have gone over as mncli gunind as the 
number did in searchinu' for the boy. The feelings of the 
agonized parejits of the lost child at such a time may bet- 
ter be inmgincd than described. 

Tales of shipwrecks not cndy of foreign vessels on 
our coast but of shipwreck of our citizens, loss of life, etc. 
are so nunnM"i,)Us as to be impossilde to atteiojit to give 
particulars here. 

Some fif our citizens like Forman Grant, John F. 
Jones, antl .lolm Parker have lost their lives in no])ly en- 
deavoring x^) save the lives of shipwrecked persons, and 
many liave receiveil g(dd and silver medals for risking 
life to save life. 






GEKEALOCUC AL iiECOllD 



()!• THE 



FIRST SETTLERS OF MOflMGOlH flflD OCEAN COUNTIES 



AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 



Aiii.AHA.-.:- JiMiics Aliruhiiiii. li. X(<i-thaiii];Tn:iKiiirc, Tavj,., il. S' ])t. 
13, ITf,.'), 11. (;!) vr.s., i\ m. is d.: wiu- J.iuut, il. A).ril ;!, 171:7, a. l:> yrs ; 
(langlilf.r Elizal-Vth, m. Eiic-li ] '. 'J'h..i,;as. aii(M. i7c.-_'. a. ;;i yrs. ; tLni .Air. 
Charlts AVirahaiu iL i7i:i!. a. al.^-iu in \i->. 

Adam, Ai>aiis Ali-xaiul-r Ailain is naiiu-'l 17(Ml. JIo may have Ikmi a 
S;-ot.-li riiiiuv.ait. 1[n]i: rt Ailam v.. is ,■, SrctrL t.jiii-iiaiit, naiiK-d iu Vi'liile- 
bead's Idscuiy Ml IVrth Aiul-y. 'i"iK; v,ill .d 'J'Liuiiias A'laius of Frciliolu. 
(b.tHii Jan. ij, i7::--*, and mov.-'l .Taii. 2(;. 17;i'2; naiiics wife .\[ai-;4cry ; sjjeahs 
of four eldest r-|jiMr"ii. I'lr ,l.;;s m.t i'ui[tii)U Ih.ir naiiifs. ^leiulK-rs of the 
Adaiiis launly caiiy .M'tihii i;i J iiM-;ii^'.;ti '!i cMnnty and In-aiu-hes have liw-il 
iu ()c(-au. I'lu' will i>t .(<.iin ."uiams .a ('htster, Ihirliiiutnu, dated .'dari'u 
li\ Uy:)'-\ liali;. s v.iiV lilizalM III aud >^-v.-u (.•hililreU. I'lveCUtors, S;iliillel 
Jcnililij^s Mid l-\aii;-j> I'a.Vfiq-i.i-t ;,!■,'! v.irV. The will of M}ie Jnluj Ad.atus 
cif lIurii.iLTii!!, daffd ISIar.-ii I. I7iii, iiaiiies wife Kli/aia-ih as ^.xeeator. 
.'vl.-\aTid..r Ad.aiii '.oiiLj;! land iii'..'4..r .l->h)i T.eid ; was -raP.d jr.ror ]7ll(l. 

,Inhu AdaiMN (.r \^■ lia-id-e. -'.ad a7 aevc-s 1G7() gvaiit-d !;v »dciv. Oirterct. 

Joliu Adaii.s aiid w Kli/-o,t!i '4' W . ■•..d,rid-e, x! .}.., u:. J^.ii' 1, lf'71: -ou 
•rnhii. 1'-.7r. d'h.iiaas VcK'.a.s cf Middil s. x made v;ill I'-.'.io: tihd at Trvii- 
t..ii. Thdiuas A.l-iius, v,ni,:an. ii.ul 2'^ > a.:-r -s il: 17:2 t, ..nd di'd.-diah Adams 
liad 1 j;; ,1 1. „ ...iiLv V. .a, \\hns'- ■aar.dfa;Li'r, J -liu A^aiais, linii-ht saiil lajid 
ir/il ■it .].,un IJodiuaii. Josi-j,L Adams m. Ann X.'.'.O'n in Binlini^tt.ii 
(•.)iintv isol. In jd.)or..-.:i>'-\n 'Inrli'mfon icnnty, John Adams was one of 
the first setthrs: dav.-Lier l^elx.rali m. Jndah A.l'eii. In l''''.»-J Kli/.ahcth 
Adaiiis. dan. of John, ni. WiHi.oi;. sod .,f John HMliin'^shead. At Shrtws- 
hnr-., Vrii-nds' mettim'. lii'.i") -7 nj.). 2d. J.ihk s Adams of rurliii.^tun 
(-miuy, wa.s m. to Ksth ^r AJd-'n, SJiv. \^--d,nry. The first of the name of 
Aiiam'-. '.villi caii::.- i> Aiu'-ri--,i v, iie. : Jihu. I'lyni'-nth. ]\Jass., li'.21 2; 
Henry, with ei;4ht sous, i;raintr..e, ^:: ss.. loif;: Wiiiiam, CamhridL^e, 
:Mas^.', b':;:7: Jtohi-rt, I]>swieh, :dass. h::;r>; JJiel.anl. W.-vnunith. Mass.. 
it;:!">; Ki-'iiaol. S;:U)a. A],,.-,s., 1;;:;.7, .jfVt-iny jlvaint.i •;. Mass., 1C.;J7; i:\v- 
dinajidc. Dodiani. Ma-s.. Ji.-'-7; '.Icoj-.u'e. AN'aterlown, Ma^-,., iil-ia; L'hnsto- 
oi a r. ]:;a>:itr.i. Ma-,s.. loj.7; ilaioii. Kli^al.'cth ('il>-. Va.. It'J.i; lo.h.-rt, 
Alai-r.u Jjiue'o {-. Va., lO-'i; !::'-hard. ..inhurk' d for Va. li;:!.3. 'I'lu' name 
Adaiiis is Hi \\ l.Ji oni.'in. .-,iL,'nifyin_' ".Sim of Ad.a)!i. ' 

Akjs:-, A!ii d Al.o.s \a;' a i>r'!:dm ni cidz:)! o; T.aiis iovt-r. Ju;-tiee cf 
th" J'l a'-c. eic., di'.iin.^ th. ];■ vi,!mii.Ji aial for m'I,,.- t v <ot.\ -ti\ l vars .-.iil.se- 
ifiiut'_\. Amoii'. d.' (■.iida'ti-v M-' iso-iJi. n "il. 17:.'.'. is Tliomas. b. l.slJ.wiio 
;.,. Anna .'^^aln r or ^:.•vo.•r^ N. S., .-nd, i.; i l>--r,| keejier of prdj'i.- d( eu- 
jiani,^ oi the I'r' AJae.-. \'hv. 'ih..masih. i7.'i-l) eame baek and tinaHy 



11 hi.stoi;y of .^[uNMor'm and ocean counties. 

.sottlei'i iit DiiuiMiiiuli. ?»fi!ss. Aldrl Akins is named iu Fre- Imiil lln-oi'ls 
17()7, \\liou ii(.' 'j,n\c a imu-tpiL;'"' for £.'.iW to John Lun^strcct. In j7(''.i 
Abiel AJvin^; ami wit> Palitnic- dcedtil laud to -Tobn Foriiiaii. ]>ci,)aiinn, 
Joseph and NNiliiaU! Akin livtd in old Dover townsiiip ii; tLe early pare <it 
the present eenturv. li'. EssfX eonnty I'^lizalieth A);in \vas administratrix 
of Joliu Ak;7\ 17 IC. Tbonian Akin and \v. Lydia of Tertb Aml.oy. made 
deeil An;4. 17, l'i'i-2. to ■irv.-miah, Itieliard, Joseph, and IteJuamin JJerilfn -if 
I\lonmontL. Amonu lie^aiscs to marry reeonied at Trenton are the f^'l- 
lov.in^: 

Tiiao*l!y Akin, of .Mnnmoulh. to Elizaketh Wonlley, Jan. 2s. !.74S; 
ElizaEedi Ai:in. of r.rth Andioy, to Andrew Iv-lly of sanu- plae*-. Am,', jh, 
17;'2; Si-pheu Akia. of M>.un,ou'tb. to Elizahetii Kim; of Slirew.shury, Ajail 
I, 17r.l; Eydia Akin to Kra-head Eyle. Mareb -27. 177 '. 

Amout^ Xi'W Vorl; marria'je liet-n.-M-^ wa-re tlu' f. Jiow inc;' : 

AbiL'-nil Akiii t,> J<.hii Tdf.-, l),c. 12. 177.-;.: Juslma Akins to Eli/ai.etb 
Brigs's, Oetoi tr, 17n1 ; John Akins t<i Mary Erwnk.^, Aord T>, l<s:j. 

Ai.Goi;. (ijr Ah_eri- E'laijamin .Uua-r and Itidb. bis ^>lf•-. are iiaTued at 
Middletovn. 1722. .VhmU the lirst of this n.aine in this eountry v ;is 
Andrew AIl^'oj', wlio .-.iis a^ Seai-horou^h, Maine, 1Cn'»1. who had wifi;. and 
children named John. .And;ew, Matthew, l^lizaheth and Joanna. l.'ranch.'S 
of tlio xUgor family settledi at Lyme. Ei-njaniin AlL;ei m. Itmh (Jottreil. d. 
of John and si.-rer" of Nieliokas, \\ho deeded land to hir 1722. In tax list I'f 
Shrew.slmry t'lwiisliip. 17iU. IJenjamin .Vnu'.i r and ^\'i^l'am Aiiu'er were 
among ptrsnns asses^.evl. 

AiJ.F.N- -John Aili'n. wirli Eolicrt Tayhav jinivha-ed n share of land 
nnioup: ori'^'iu.il ])nrchas<_'-,-, naiia-d li'iiw. <ienr;^i- Alli-n also (;ne share in 
lti7U. Jed.-diah Allen of Saudwii-h, 11. L. IxniL^ht in ao^". ll->-:i. of -h'h 
Alniy, his share of :Mu]i.moiUh land G^-oru'e Alh-u m. Elizabeth Huietf 22d 
of 2d mo. liv.4. hy IVtr-r Tlitou. both of Shrvsvsbra-y. , In Ev-brnary. Hr.i-l. 
on estate .if ]:).hraim AUeu, dfi-'d. Ipttns issu-rd to l',s wid.ev .Njarv. M.iry 
.-Mien was m. to Tiaana.-, r'..rman .\biy 27. lf,'.)."i. J. rui Alh-n, n;autd 
anlon^' the oiioinal ijnrehas,rs lOio. v.,,s ja-obably tL\e same nanit il in 
Frieuds' re-ovils nf NcwiHa-t. li 1. as mavrvin^' Elizabeth iJaron. Oct. If. 
K^d. H>^ lia.l chii.ir-". " J'dizab.tli. 1,. li',.",! ■ Mary. b. ir.r,2; Jolm. b. ii;.71; 
Pii.seilla, b. ]!;."y.i; Samuel b. ir.Cd, All of his elHidr^u were iiorn ;,t New- 
port. And la- niay have br.^n tlie .^ami'Jnhn AlUn named a lev vears 
pre.ioos at Ib'nubii'rh, }-Ia^.>.. wiaii- in b'llt iu all./ men!: (.f t.iwa i''t^-he 
was ■jivtii let No. 12. Ot-nr^^- .Mb n of Saiidwi.'ji, \\;.s a man of not.- iubis 
d; y and );is deseem'.auts ut i v,-,-,.din.L;iy nuiuerons. He wa» b. in E;i_'bi"d 
about KrJUandd. after H;s.7. It. is ' said that Ealpb All.-n. noU':' amonL' 
jarly (,>nakcis of I'lym^.-atb e'Jony, who-^^.' drseeudants earn- to Monmnutri. 
was also a son ■:;! the tirst (b,-..irge Anions the eleven malo members of tl;e 
Puritan chnreh at ."sandwh-b.- Mass., in 1G4.1, were Geo. Allen, llalph .Alb-n. 
Peter Ciauutt and Itiehaid, Kirby. all of whom have ilesc-ndauts in Ni-w 
Jersey. i\la!. the w Allen, sou of "the tirst Geori,'e, of v^-^andwich. m. Saah 
Kirby. J-a?e' o, l';'i7: lit h-ft Sandvxi.'li and settled at Jjartminu)'.. and ha.l 
bv \y.tr Si rail: ]>.aiithv. b. li..7',o 'Miriam, b. liU',!; I/c}»nra"!i. b. liit;:j; 
Mary, b. ICCS; Ahaza<hah, b. 1(-71: Matsbrw. b. bw7. (b-,.ri.'- Alb n. 2nd,, 
hadby w. HaiMi.ah ehildr-'u: Cal'ii. 1'. If, is. J ridah. 'o. lil-7o; Epliiaim. b, 
lG-'2; Eliza, b. 10.71; and by se'/oud w. Sarah: ]\latihrW. 1), June bV b'.'7; 
James and John, tv,-in:s. b. Ar.^. .7, 1(;.78; Lydia. b. IMi; DHm.k 1.. 1, ;.■.;;; 
IlanuaJi, b. If.cr;: Eber, b. ir.t'.S; Geor-e. b. "]f,72. Must if thes" nanits are 
i.imiliar in tla tarly ree'Tils or M.aimiaitii, a.s tliev were liamlcd down 
aimne^ di'se. ud-iuts. " Ralph Allen, iii.u- ;.f the ji-!-.--'. eui e-l t^tuakers. ^a.id alsn 
to have b.'en_ a sol\ of the hr.^t Gcni-^',, of Sandv.ieb. bad desi-'li'talirs \,-1im 
e.,mc t'l Abinna^aidi s..me .jf wiami bie.ame .piit.- mif-d. He m. j-7t..ier 
Hwitt alal had fiVe .Liildre'', the lirst ><i \\honi. Jniedi.ah. i>. in b'.Pi. eauif 
to New Jer-.' y, .iml -a is a. meiabt-r of tli.- rwlnni.d a.>senil)ly in l7o:'., ami is 
fre,p;iaitiy nam./d i.n .aneieut records. Kalph. s,.n of Jfdediah 1st. m. Amu. 
i\au. OL MiLtdoa W\-i',dit of Binlin^tou connty. and a Jndah Allvu, po,~.. ihiy 
ab.o bis s.io. ill. i ifborah, dan. of John Ad.ams, 17i>l. Alleut-swu, :t l> .-^.^id.. 
derives its ua.mj froui a N'.ithan Allen, \sho was \>robab)y the sou oi 



CtENF..\LOGICAT. KECOlll). Ill 

JoiUiliab, 'i'. li'iT:'. Jvi'V. (!i!)ii,'c Svaia iu iTi.stfivii-;;! Disconrse (if thr 
Presbyterian '■hnivl. 1:1' Alifiitnw n. says that Nathau Allen bou^'ht iu ITnU 
of Robert Bu'iuit, -Vi" aLres niDe or !< s^. on i>u: tors Creek lunl otlicr 
lauds. An abstract (^f iiis wil! is Ljiven lure;itt.r. ;iiul from the will of his 
son Xath;ii>. it W'mM seem that the widow oi the rirst Xathaii had married 
as-'ain. Tu a re-.-onl of Quakers ITnJ, LT^veii in I'a. Ki>t. ?.Ia;j.. vol. 7. \>. 'Mo. 
Nathan .Vlleu i.-^ named as a (^M-.aker froni Bnrlinu-tou. llev. John .Mien nf 
^^'ood)iridi,'e, cam^' iroin En^'lau.l al.'>ut De'^ember, it.M). and was minister 
of the r')'e.sbytenan cbnreh there for a lew years. He wj.s marrie<l three 
times. Ihe nanie of his lust wife was Deliverance Potter. The last names 
of the others are •ankuowu. lu r'aily's History of 'Woodlirid^e are records 
co2>ied at consideralde lenuth. In the Kevohitionary war Jacob, John. 
Jndah, auil Nathan .Allen i.i .Muumuuth were soldiers, and alsii Edward. 
Joseph nud Peter oi Hvalinucon. On fJie side of the L(\valiNts was Isaac 
Allen of Trenton, who r.wned hmd iu rvfonmomh. who was LienT.-(A)lonel 
in the seci>nd bittaLuu nf Xe".- Jersey Koyal Volant* ei's. .\.t the close of 
the war he went to St John. Xew Brunswick, and was L;iveu lots Xo. .')i;-7 
in 17.s:5. He wis appointed Assistant Jndu'e I'^'Hi ami his Ljrands.'n. JiJiu 
Canipbed, b. IslT. was aii}i(.inted ', hief Ji.stii".- or Xew Ijiiinswick l>s7o, and 
still holds (iss">i tl'at p'.sitiou. Amoni^ the Loyalist.s who had land 
urauted to them iu i7So, in St. John, were N\'illiam, John and Benjamin 
Allen. The abslra-'ts of wills of Aliens, recorded at Trenton, inclnde 
persons cif the name iu the '4>p.'r p.irt of the .■<rate. hi the early settle- 
ment o'' Elizubf tht(_. vn a Jc)::: Ad.-n is n imed. In ?> I orris county C'aj't. 
Job Allen vscs a prominent eiti.X'U as ,arly as \1:>0. I)facon Gilbert Allen, 
u mau of n 'te in Morris, was a son ot Jacol; .Mieiu who pussildy v.as a s(.)n 
of Charles, b. 17t"i and d. 17S''.. A long list of j-.bstract >>i wills, ami of 
appointment of adii.inistratcrs arai t,'UardiEius rel.itiiJL; co the Allen family, 
are recorded iu the otfice "i the Secretary or State at Trenton. 

Ai.T.MY— Christopher and Job Atlmy \\'ere aujong the nnnd>er of 'iri'^i- 
nal purchasers of land l(ii>7. Tluy whip brithers. cud sons of Willi^un 
Aluiy (as the name is now spelli li >vl-..) cauie (A-.'r from En^^^land Mith Gov. 
Wiutlirop and ^v■ns at Lynn, M;!ss., If,'}!, and in lf.37 w;>s amontr tlie num- 
ber who found- d .Sand.wicu iu that State. In l>'<i'2 he removed to Ports- 
mouth. K. I. It is suil that v.hen 'he (^luakers beu'au promnl^atim: their 
faith about ] '107. he jci.m d that s,.|-t. lie was b. al^out Pmi and d. lr,7i;. 
He had childr, ii: A.nn, b. aiM.iu li;-i7 wh;> m. l)iputy-(4i,iv. John (n-ctue. 
and Chri .1 ^pii^r, J'jhn, Job and c'athariue. (Tuisiopht-r was u'enerally 
known as Caprai2\ fri'in his commau'liuL; a \ess. 1 that traded bctwein 
Xewport, Mo?iniou<b. .lud -ith.-r places. He r'-turu'd t" l;iu'(k- Isla.nd to 
live by r.r bvjfL r- P'.7s. l.;it ...jasi'r.ally came bav-k on bu-;n. ss. 11* was a 
Deputy in lilioih- IsiaU'l li''.io and the same y(j_iv was eleernl Governor, loit 
tleclined the p('sitio:i. ■■•jiviu'j; satisfactory re.T-^iPiis." In 1' '.':'"> he v%- is an 
ft£;ent in En,i;l-:!i;": for Pihode Islaiid. C]n-ist;;pher .\imy was one of the 
lirst to settle in rJoniiionth. aud was here at least as ..-arly as li.f,.",. 

ANDKP.Si)N--Caiit. John .VudLrson. who is fr-.-qu- ntly named in roiuity 
-^ud State records in the early p-irl of th.e last century, was b. .iboiu ir.r,.", iu 
Scotlaiid. and said to have be>,a baini/'-'d al;d eil'!c:iti \ in the commuTUoU 
of the Episx-oi-al Church. Sc'tlaiid. ami h-id tlio ■■ Kiuht B^v. Bather in 
God, Jc:i>!n j^urd iJisb;>p of Boss for his GodXather.' IB was a M-a captain 
for a time and cr'mmamled tire ship I'nicorn in a Scottish e.\p,-dition to 
D^.rieu. and. .ift-r a crui.se of over three yeavs he lir"U-.'ht his v.-ssei to 
IV-rth .V'.'iboy, wbere he prolrabiy stoiipcd awliile b. I'U' conun,' to Mon- 
i;io-u)). He n;. Anna, d. '-f John Bedt, the noted Dejeity Surv* vor of j-.^.st 
Jrvs.y. i;'a]it. John .\nd_vis.- II was a justice 171ti. n.ininrof tic C.h.nir.] 
t ouaci; 17i:!. an.l !!» subs_-.,.^-nl y.-ars was rr...-idtnt •'l tie- ! ''uncil inl7;u. 
v.hen in the ea.-ly ]iart of that year the (.e'>\eruor of X^ w- -Ii-rsr y. "\\illi::m 
Cosby, dieil and the -.ovornnient of the State ilevolv.-d up^nCapt. An.hr- 
son, who. however, h-'ld tiie positi,,n bur ei'_;hteen days, w'l.-n in I7:!f. v.'ed 
7i» years, be also ,iied. ••laulente,! by ail his ac(p.iaiut.-u.-. s," c,,',. .b.lm 
.Vndersotv hrnl eiiildrei J.ihu. Jaiias, K.TWieth, Joii.itliau. .Ma'var.t, lb '. na. 
Annr. En>,;d:etb. Isal-.o'la. IBs wiU w;,'s daied Jati. '-'o. 17:;:;. and provtd 



IV IlISTOIiY OF 3IC>N:t[i;)i:TlI and OfTAX COUNTIKS. 

Al'i-il s. lT:!i;. Till' s..n KniiwMi Auckistui 1.. .•;mi]i> ,-, cmIoikI nud li.-i.l u 
il:iuu;!itrr Is.iiicll.'i. V. ho luun-inl Coldin'l N;it!iiiincl Scii'liliv, a lu r > nt tlu.' 
lUvolutinu. \vhiiv.;-> kil'.-i| liy ihe Kff'v.'. >■% < )ct. IC. 17-^!. AiunjiL' t.i\- 
I);iy<'rs ill Fif'fljuld ITTti wi.' Ki-nnrth Kiiiik tli. -ir.. .I.islma. -laiiics ar.ii 
Miitlliiiis Anilf-rson, 

Antomdks -.J,)ba!Uirs aii'l wifi', .I:ia;uia Kd-.ir-. i uliii\o;i. wcvr incn- 
luTs (if jLaiiboi'oimh Jiiiclc ('liriveli. 1 Ti'k .lacnli Aiitnuidi s, h. n,-t. S. 
ITSU, 111. Eli/alii-tli S-iqilicu Do.-, is. l^iiii; shr wis !.. () -t. 1. IT-il; tla'V 
hail oLililn ;.. jMhn. 1,. IsiiJ ; .V!,r:^iH. 1.. ImiT: .\r ■lnl>ai<l. 1,. Is.iS; I'lul.i'. 
1). ISIO; l)i4n.i-al!. 1.. Islii: ]::iiza. n. isii;. I'ii,. - m,, .\l,ri,in ii:a-: i. '1 j.\ ■ li.i 
of JaT.ln'ii 'ril;;iu ami liail <lul<avu: \)i]\;\ Aim. Chi.ic-.. ]::ii:/:il < h. v/iK! 
111. ('ha.vlcs \V. ]"( II |iiM..k. Ira. K'.imuov, D.-l-nmh a'aiir, Kniciin... wao lu. 
Cliavl.'s Curlis. \\'ulinii W.. La.nra. wLo m. L.niis Lane, and S.: plicii S 
Jiiliaiiu.'s .\ii;n]iiiU's. Mac tirst nf tiir xiaim in .\i Miiiiioutl'. was m. ti> 
Aiiuotze ^\ ilii'Hii*'. ilni'jjiti 1- ..f W'iiiiaii) < '.■■nctsc \'aii < 'mivt ulicvi n and 
Avife, Jauni.'t-i- ^(lonrLMi.n Cmv.. nlM\ r.. nf ]-'iailands. Jnhanm > was Ik-v 
sii'L'ond liu.sliand. Lm'T .ivsr lia\"ii!'4 1 "■rii AiTt \\"ilii,ui:s(>n, 

ANr;a.u 'J'lif Antiinis of < * imh ( miuicv an- jnnlialih d.i's.-,-[id''d fmni 
John Antiii];. whu ^va- li. alMint li.'M, and. v.asii.. in lri-^2 a.t S.dx m. \. ,! 
ti) Fran'jfs liiUciH j-. d. '.r ■U>]:n JSnt.lai. lli^ s>di..i ..n.-ntly s.-ttlci in 
limiiuuton Cdunty a.nd in tli' ci nsus , r i>ld. X'.i:!. Tiiinrou Tn'.vn^j.i;!. t,- Ian 
ITO'.t. it i.s statfd tliai he was tlim ■")'J yvs nld. Iii- \>i..', j'vancis. .'ill; rhii- 
dren, John, ai;fd 24. Jaiuos, a. '2:\. 'J'l!inii,.s, a. I'.i. Ann, i. 17. .\r;-i\-. ?':. 
Isaa'.- and I'Ji/aln'th, twins, 11. Jol;n .Vntiim, .(-cMid o!' the nani''. h. 
uhoiit It's.";. 111. Amy i.M.ai-y Vi Andvi-ws in 17] 4 r;.t < h:-:;a' M. -hols' im .Ti!,..;. 
Alj(_inr tla- tirst ol this tamil\ in Anaii.M was Tliiaiias .Vntiin; wiio Irlt 
Sonthaiupton, Eji-l.and. on thr si;iii -hLnh^. in lt;:i"i. ,:tid landed al JJoston 
June ;5, anil snb.s(^4U('nTl> scttU-l at Sa'a ni. Ala^s. j h K.id '-hildvcn. i Hi.id'ali. 
Mary and. fohn. His will w.asd,atc(l li m J.\. 1fi!;2. .mii n im.'^ .^on i t'laiiaii and 
d., whom. i*t-lUvrtinih. .lohu Hani-c, in liis nn-III. nairi- d Mai \ .Vntiiin. 
John Anlriiii is iiaancd li'.'.l'i as a na'nilx ^ of l)rir!i;.'_i<:nii Yea, In- iucftiii^. 
lu 1724 Janics Aulriin owned 'loo ;|'t. s ia M insfa-M, i>ni !inu("ii ( nniitv. 
17'..'i', April lit, .h.s:ph Antiim, ol JJni-hir^t'in < ' .niity. m. iiann.ai, St.i 'kton. 
Iun]i]»er Fit idiiildJi_)lu. Antnn. ,-ind v.ir'c were livin'j; ;d do.-.iM.t I'st .'I'litury. 
Ar-pj i'a;ATi; - 'Ihonias Aiij^liL'atc and ll-ntholi.iiicv.- Ai-.[ii'-._ati' av 
iianied in Freehold records ia l('i74. 'i')i,y \,cre 1rr,ui (iraNesi lal. LniM_; 
Island. 'Fhoneh llartholoimw \isire:i tli ■. e.^nnty, it is imt ]n-oii;d.le that 
hfi settled in it. Thomas .Vo)'le-aie m, JelL-auaii ( ;i1il)(.(,s, d. ot l;jehard,. 
who was one ol tlic rwel\'e Meioiioutli I'ao r.te--s. jF- n. ah^ntihe he- 

p^^-atlini.' of the year ICaa. lie left s,.l.^. 'I'liom; s, .T..hn, Dalii, 1. .l.oe;F. 

lli-njaiain and ilieiiard. ]{is w.. ■T(rn,iiiiiah, snv.i.ed hiia aial -];e niei lier 
fathi'i, ila liar i I ;iooi)iis. were i;is exeeatnrs. lii-;v,iil wa.-. d.ated Fel,. 1. 
lil'.ts, and. •a.a.ed Feh. 2a, iC.i'.i. Jlis el.h ,,t -on 'i'laaiias. settled at I'erd- 
Aa-.t'iiy. He h.-i'l w. Ann; and .-ein- 'J'a-aua^. ■[■■I, a. James ami .Vndre^v. 
Ann. Ill, t'le iieea.sc^ in marry ree'.idiil a' 'I'r.'idon an 'la- I'ollnw ia.^; 

lienjano'.i A]ailee:a. . of Middlesi>\. to ''.ii/ad e;li I'arelit. e.t sail" 

c^onnty, .'nly Is, 17:;a; .Idia .'vpiaejaie. o:' Middl. ;( v. to Sival. i\">i;r. of 
saaa caaify, Oet, r,. 17e(i: 1- lieai z,-r .\ia,l- ■_;■ -.re. of .Moaia'iata, t" 'S[-.v\ 
Imlav, Jalv':i. 171:!; .lanes .Vvoieeate, of Maldle. ev, t.i Fii/ihetii liuekalew.- 
Fih.'2]. rrii: ]),a:ie! Apoleai'te. <<: :\!Mii,,.o'uh. to F'i/al,e;h llaMt. .ha!. 
:il. 17-F"); ^\■iHi!m .Vniile.aat.- t.i il.ainil) l'-.;a.-r, JlMioueiitli. Cet. 2s. I7l7; 
J.'hn Ai^j:!! eat.:. '[' .M-aaai'Uth. O) .'<l,ir\ * ''L'.vi.d. Se-a. -j'a 17is. 
Aiaone; niariia-es reeoided ri l-'rcehoi-l ai- the fi dl- i'a iiiu: 
- J.-n-oi. A]<iileeate. .fr.. to Marura-et J adsa ;■. .frdy M. ir'.M',; li\ .\l,ie^\kin. 
of Toais Fiver: -l.ihn .Xpiileeaie to Sa.rah lla.iste.i .l.iTi. ]a. 17'a'a l.y l;.'-Tl- 
jamin ];awreiiri' i,f io.es Fixer, ia !li • ii.dri..; .aii.iV in to" ];e\ ■■intinn 
weri the foi'.e.via'j: Vpiilevates: ]»aiiiei, .l.aHi. ] Javih' 'Ii iiiie\/. F<ri|amia. 
F'liiievt, .rnaies, .)■>.-• jii' .aiil Willi lai frMi;: ?■,!,. naioa'a: .vndi"\'.. .\vj,e;- 
Cliarles. -Iir-eoli '■; alianiel, Xm;.'!! Ucli.at, 'riiom.is, Wiijiam and /elni!..n 
from AlaMl. : .'x; i>aiae!. fioi" M.a-fis- William, trnm Hiaiterdon: .-.neitier 
'William tniii: |.uiliae;,,ii. lalheo.ld Dover I'ov.ii Fook tlie naaH- Apoie- 
l^aU' t'i> ijaeatly i/eeiirs. 



GEXEALOGK'AI, l.'lX'OKl*. T 

Ai'i x.r.c i.rF.s ;'F (>(T.v\ CoT-Niv: iFi.in; dill taiiiily lUtili- "[ Elij;i], 

lilibins' EbrlU'/ ■!• \!.l'l'-'_,:lt-.' :i'l(1 Sulnil. ill's wifi'. li:i(l cllili I vrll, \ iZ : 

Ap'iUn, }). :M;lv -J.!. ITiiS; SmI..],!, ;,, IsDii: Ati-vliiif, )i. im-2: Kl.riuv.<r. i'. 
1S()5; Joscpl. 'li^ 1:-<'S; ^[,s-,s. 1.. !s!(); S^'Vili. ii. ] ^ I ll: J.-'lurs, 1i. Isl/,; 
Ajunndit, K l> IS; IM>!i, 1.. l-vj.\. or t'n.' aiuu.. Aiuaifla in. -IikIl;.' Wm. 
I. J;11il';s; ,S,il;ili. .h'.Ii.i.s l^ .1 ilis. ni: VU'.-t iiiir. lil-Nt. ('hl\ tnu l.'i.Miis aii.l 
SPOOTiil, tV-l. Saiir.icl ('. i)iinliaiii. J.isrpli was tin.' ".w-ll ruiufinl.crril .)ii.s- 
ticp of th« l\\-u-i: <if i'oi'i.-. liisi-r. 

The toll.iwlML; tii'tis ."ic alsii in this i'>ililc : 

Eljcr.czc-r Appl.-at. . d. Od. ;;. Isr,! ; Sarah, ih April -Jl, IsC] ; .Ih.t.I.. 
(1. Oc-t. •;, l^ilW, u. '.I-') yi-,; Ln.-i^i.la. .\ki!i. d, Dt. r,. is-iii; .M(,s,.s. s..ii r,f 
Eherif/i r. is living; ]>s7. Di.s.Tiaiatus «.t 'lii'iiiias ainl Johainiah Apiilc- 
gate iiiTi.st now innnlit i ;i.:;ny tl.,,usa'.iil;-,. aiul ai.' 'Aiih jy scattrri'ii rhrmi-h- 
out the- country. J!i>-hav(l Ap]>it -aic ft' Ni v\- -l.i-. ^■. m. .'ujiy EmtMH and 
they liad tW'-l\T> cliildriii. 'i h'' laimly iiin\' i ; . Wistu'imland ("Uiity. 
I'a., and th(;ui^ tc Ivni.-.', ill.'. l\y.. whiic h ■ lii' d in IT'^.l. The .Vi'plt- 
gates lit' this iiitc <r\- dr>,rd..il ;..-, ha\iiL'j •■\^■\■\ hu-j.i- in-a.d*. a::d iiiU<-!i 
iialnnd nifxliaiural a:al maiiicaialiral talr'ai. " as hi in./ -"a 4niil, st. aily. 
siilid race ;ind wari' hrid in hiL::!i osli i-ni hy tla ir luiuid.nrs." 'J'Ik; ii.iiailer 
of the Ajvjih'LCiiti' tandly.v.as 'Ihns. Vpphual'. au l-.:iui'--!i';.an 'Ahn is nanud 
among the patentees nt l-lnsiii'i'.;. L. l.. lu ihi- pat. ur dari-/i ( ict. ]'.•. It-lT. 
issnoil hv Gov. Kieft lu regard t" tin' ni-ii.'in nt tlf sarnaine Ai.pi"g,\t<'. 
Lo'.vf!'. 'h.' iust aadaiiity ..11 suriia'n.'s. s.i\s it is fri.iii thi anri. ;it Saxmi 
wold A[ajile^a,vTh. In J^ja'lan.l wna ,in.-it-::t iaurii. s named .Vpji'r^afih. 
Appi- y.ivd ami .\pp]rt!i\\ d;.-. all nn-aniii'.;- sahstaiitiaily lh>' sana' an apjih- 
(/i-ehai(l. I'iiomas Apjih'-a'..- 'Sas of a lartv tliat I'.-id d f. .r a sh.at tiiin- in 
Holh.n.l bef.av Ih. N -aKa' to ],->!!- !:,l't!id.' and liair ivsiden.-.. in lloilaiid 

i^di<•ide^■ tb.at thev left England hiTaUsr thoir vli'_doils or p.ili'deal \ lews 

Were objeotionabh' to tln' gov. liiiiii'nt of ( harh - ]. 

A;;NK-i do^i'ph .Vrm.^;. wasiaxid in upp. r Id' .iaiid ITos!. Tin- n.imi; 
oceitrs at an rarlur dali' in fSnrlinelon conniN, -JLhu .Vviitv livrd then' iii 
A7:!'.». 

Aia'tiF.K (rc.a'u'e Ar.-h' r was ta\.-d in sli..-\v^biiry ITi'. 1 . Th.- name- 
Arcbor appj-ars early w. Kbo'ie i-lan 1: •'■•hu Areh. r was a fr^^ena n at, 
Portsmouth near Newoort iu ir..'.".. .M. inl: r> o. ihis lainiiy were .als.i early 
scttlc-rs in. West. hi-.-,li'r I'oitiity. 1 ).-.-i ndii nt- <.t ■,!,,■ to,- •^t Archers in W.-si 
Chester an- !_:iv( n in Kolfn'; Hist.ay. y.n l.arliir.-..n e^atnty Isa.ie .Vrehi-r 
was m. to Sal-all St.l.e-^ Xov. 24. IT.r.i. 

Ar.^oi.D Stevrn .'ii !i 'Id \,as aaroia^ i ia 'rie'ai.il paniias.'rs of land, of 
the In.H aiis in .Ahainiou'i: naiiiod b'.<>T. lo pai.l a^ h'-- Nhair £";. and was 
awarded '-hoiaelot" .\.-. 17 in tie- .iJlotiu. at at .Mid.ti. tov, n. and also an 
outk-t •• in Poplar field and >bin:;tany !i. M. .\t th. ttrst <4,-n.ral V^-^t-m- 
blv. Dre. 14, KU;?. h./ .vas a J>i-put\ 'Mti' -laa.. s A>:it..n ir.-iii Jii.ldliiov. u. 
In E'li'S his rattle 111 jiks are ri. 'lad. li. !;; I'o.i le- \> ,av naiie-il a- an arbl- 
tiaror in a laii.l eas' . .\t iainiti.at. < i.- an .•■aii.ty. luianOi r> ot th.-Av,i.dd 
family vo-o. settl d durne,' the la,>! .• iiii!r\. aia't u. r.' h .aliin; lui'iubi rs ot 
the S'leielv of f del a Is. 'Ih.i.-. bra/eai la.br.b;;, d --.lid.- i fmai tla- .\r?iol-l 
familv ..f 'Lo;i- IsLnd. llieiaird .vrn-ld wa- p. s-aap- tie lir^t <^;aker i f 
the fi'inub- i.i Xi.-w Jer.i'y. naiie d in l''-'-^ In tin- ijitiker -ravfy.ird at 
T5arne-;al'ar.- -inainoiiilistoiirs o. th. m. la'.iy ..i ^amr.rl .\rri..ld. d lsl7; 

Lis W. r.-a'aJlV d.. 1^:!.'- J"hn Anmld -i. l>;s. I'.y l.!> si,|.. i, biir:,.l J.-aadal 

Arnold. .1. 1 s::d. in i 7o.". at idtth- V.-.:--. ll.;:i"r «j'ia.;.r nn-.tui-j. Jaiie-s 
\rnol.i vva^. m. to VU-\n- Inma!!. lii-- -.'i'" :>•■•'■ >>imu. 1 Arnoi.l Ma< n.. to 
Uauy ;Eoia'iyi Cox. i,.;,i ( lanm. r. on.' ■■: tia _ :-^:nd.i^ of_ vh.- (^laker 
rhwreh a' ];.;re, .^at. ^> ho o' is la. in 1 i » '• h ;■ i a o. 'a h.. m. a J'.hn Arnold. 
.\i.i. w-Aiim Edvsaid .\rr.i\\-niii.. "•- nam. d m >ta:. n Kiaiid abi.iit 
jHS:i and -los, oil a f.ov \.Mr:, lab r. !n r.--a-.i -; N-.v Ymk marriai/e 
la-ns.-, i. one E.'b. !. 17oj. V^v .b.s.ph A; • ■ a ,,.dt i; a!;.! Martha l'..ll..i,:. 
,l,,^,.,,l, v,,is a l