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Full text of "History of Montgomery county, Kansas"

978.101 '^« 

I.76d 

1148218 



QENEALOGY COLLECTION 




1833 01064 8936 



EX-GOV. L. U. HUMPHREY. 



HISTORY 

O F 

MONTGOMERY 
COUNTY, 

KANSAS. 



By Its Own PeopI 



pie. 



ILLUSTRATED. 



Containing Sketches of Our Pioneers— Revealing their Trials and Hardships 

Planting Civilization in this County— Biographies of their Worthy 

Successors, and Containing Other information of a 

Character Valuable as Reference to the 

Citizens of the County. 



PUBLISHED BY 

L. WALLACE DUNCAN. 



lOLA. KANSAS: 
PRESS OF lOLA REGISTER. 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1903. by L. WdlUce Duncan, 
in the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. D. C. 



1148218 

Preface 



The histoiy of Montgoniei v <<iimty reveals this locality as the spot 
where the Osage ludian made his last stand before the white man's 
advance in spreading civilization over the plains of Kansas. It was here 
that he was crowded oft' of the reserve traded him by the "Great Father'' in 
1825, but which lie had really occupied from the first years of the nine- 
teenth century. For at least fifty years he had been master of this domain 
.-^ and here mudi of the tangible history of the several bands of the tribe 
^ was made. 

^ From the <'ra of "sciuaiter" settlement, the final treaty with the Red 

\) Man and the legitimate settlement by the white man, down through the 

j\ organization and development of the county, the pages of this book are 

^. replete with events and incidents which mark the stages of advancement 

1 toward the splendid civilization of the present day. 

' The publisher of this volume and those who have rendered valuable 

- assistance in the preparation of its descriptive part have realized the 

Y importance of the work and have, therefore, labored assiduously toward 

^ an accurate and reliable production, and one which shall not only be full 

and thorough as to substantial facts, but which shall serve as the basis 

of future publiciitions touching the history of Montgomery county. 

For the prejiaration of valuable articles for this volume we acknowl- 
edge our obligation to the following citizens of the county and commend 
their ettorts to the confidence of the generations to come : Ex-Senator H. 
W. Young. Hon. William Dunkiu and Hon. W. T. Yoe, of Independence; 
T. F. Andress, M. 1)., of Liberty; Dr. T. ('. Frazier, of Cofteyville ; Hon. 
J. R. Charlton, of Cauey; and Miss Josie H. Carl, of Cherryvale. To the 
many citizens who have furnished information and extended other favors 
to the writers hereof we desire to express our appreciation and hei-eby 
extend to them the compliments of the literary board. 

Tc John S. (iilmore, of Fredonia, are we indebted for an important 
article for this work, jirojjerly ])laced to his credit, and we wish, publicly, 
to make acknowledgement of the same. 

In the bi(igra]<liical department of the work are rejiresented worthy 
citizcrs frcm evcrv honorable walk of life. It was our wish that everv 



'distiiiL'uislied cili/.cn of ihc (•(.tiiily p:irlicip;iU" in tlic s]K\ri' allotod lo lliis 
(l('li;iiiiiieiit, ;uh1 wiiik' hosts of llicin liavi' done so. soiiio of them havft 
dciiit'd lis not only thoir story. l)ul their snhstaiitial to-operatiou ; yet the 
merits of the hook liave not thus been imjiaired. Our ac(omi)auying 
illusti-atious represtMit pioueers, worthy people of a later day, aud well 
known and historic objects of the county. These add interest and 
attractiver.ess to the hook, on the whole. niakin:>- the biographical and 
pictorial deiiartment bv no nieaiis the leasi iiiijiortant features of the 
work 

If this volume shall meet Tl;e expectations of its jiatrous aud shall, 
in some measure. ren<ler them an equivalent for tlie contidenee bestowed 
upon the enlcrjirise. then shall we feel that our elforts have not been in 
vain. THE PUBLIiSlHEK. 



HISTORY 

OF 

MONTGOMERY COUNTY 

KANSAS 



CIIArTEK I. 
Organization, Location and Land Titles 

During the earlier liistory of Kansas the territory •which now consti- 
tutes Montgomery county formed a part of Wilson county. The latter 
county was created by act of the territorial legislature in 1855, but it was 
not organized until September lS6i, at which time it extended from 
Woodson county to the south line of the state. Montgomery county was 
created by act of the legislature in 1867, a little more than half of the 
southern part of Wilson county being taken for the purpose. By the act 
of the legislature which created the county, its boundaries were fixed as 
follows : 

"Commencing at the southeast corner of Wilson county; thence south 
with the west line of Labette county to the thirty-seventh parallel of 
north latitude; thence west with said parallel twenty-four miles; thence 
north to the southwest corner of Wilson county; thence east with the 
south line of Wilson county to the place of beginning." 

This description depended entirely on the bounding of Wilson county, 
and, in 1870 the statute was changed to read as follows: 

''Commencing at the southeast corner of Wilson county ; thence south 
to tlie south line of the state of Kansas; thence west along the south line 
of Kansas twenty-four miles; thence north to the sixth standard 
parallel; thence east along the said sixth standard parallel to the place 
of beginning." 

This description seems to have meant exactly the same thing as the 
other, and yet neither of them is accurate, as the width of the county east 
and west, owing to the botchwork made in fitting together the surveys of 
the ceded lauds and Diminished Reserve, is considerably more than half a 
mile above the twenty-four mentioned. 

^\'hile all of the county except the three mile strip of ceded lands on 
the east side was still Indian land, and there was no treaty even pending 



-6 HISTORY OP MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KA^^SA^^. 

for tlu'ii- (vssion to the United States, saving the Sturgis alidiiiinatiou, 
whhh was never ratified, the eounty was organi/ed Ity iirorhiiiiatiou of 
Governor James M. Harvey, on Jnne ;!d. ISCi'.t. It was claimed that at 
this lime the county had the requisite puinilaiiiui of (iim. and wliether this 
was true or not. the progress of events soon made it an accurate 
statement. Verdigris City was designated as the temporary county seat, 
and a l)oard of county commissioners was api)ointed. For further details 
as to the early history of the county and the story of the struggle which 
resulted in the selection of Independence as the county seat, the reader is 
referred lo the chai)ter on the political history of the county. 

Location 

]\I(>ntgomi'i'y county now ranks as the seventh Kansas county in pop- 
ulation and, as shown by tlie United States census of l!l()0. forms a part 
of tl!( largest contiguous area west of tlie .Mississiiiju river, having a 
population in excess of forty-five to the sijuare mile. It is between 
tweniy four and twenty-five miles in width east and west, and between 
twenty-seven and twenty-eight miles in length north and south. It is the 
third county west from the Missouri line, on the southern tier, and adjoins 
the iTidian Territory on the south. Label tc county forms its entire east- 
ern boundar\- and Wilson its mntlici-n, while on the west it adjoins 
('hauiau(pia and a jiortion of Elk. Neosho county corners with it on th(i 
nortiic;ist. 

{{■< i>liysical features and soil are extremely varied. The Verdigris 
is the principal river, entering its northern boundary and meandering 
across to its soutliern. The Elk enters the west line of the county and 
foni s another winding valley, emptying into the Verdigris about four 
miles northeast of the center of the county. The Caney cuts across the 
southwest corner of the county. I*esides these rivers there are dozens 
of ci'eeks and runs with much fine alluvial land adjoining them, in 
addition to the bottom lands of the rivers. I'.etween the streams there are 
here and there rock-cajijied mounds and much high, thin, stony land, fit 
for little but ])astin('. Use is, however, now being found f<)r the limestone 
that c.qis sonic of the mounds and outcrops along the streams in the man 
ufaclurc of ccnicnl. while the shale that is abundant in the hills is 
extensixcly ciiiiilo,\cd in the nuinufacture ot vitrified brick. Taking her 
agricnltui-al res(iurces in connection with the abundant dcjiosits of nat- 
ural gas and jieti'oleum oil found in the earth liiiiHlrcds of feet below the 
surface, and remembering that .Montgomery is I be only county on the 
south line of the state that lies wholly within the gas and oil belt, we are 
certainly justified in saying that nature has done more for her than for 
any other eipnil area in I he slate. 

The seclion of which (his county of such boundless lesources and 
]iossii!ililies forms a iiarl. was tirst a jiorlioM of Hie French domain in 



lIlSTOIiV OK .MO.NTCiOMEUY COUNTY, KANSAS. 7 

Aiiu'iii-.i, having been taken possession of by tlie Canadians, who drifted 
down the Mississippi to the gnlf in 1682. Eighty years later it was eeded 
to Sp;iin. t>y whom it was retained until 1800, when it was retroceded to 
France. In eoninion with the entire area of Kansas, except a small frac- 
tion in the southwest corner, it formed a part of the Louisiana purchase 
made by Jefferson in 1803, and has ever since been American territory, 
though little was known about it during the first half of the 18th century. 

The first legislation in regard to this section appears to have been 
enacted in 1834, when all the territory west of the Mississippi and Arkan- 
sas was declared "Indian country," with the laws of the Ilnited States 
in force; and the country of the Osages was attached to Arkansas 
territory. In 1854 the territory of Kansas was organized and, in l.S(il, the 
tei'ritory became a state. 

The country from which the present county was to be made still re- 
mained Indian territory, however. The Osage Indians were first found 
on the Missouri river, and, later, were forced down to the Arkansas. In 
1808 they ceded their lands in Missouri and Arkansas to the United 
States government and went west. In 182.'") they relin(iuished their lands 
in Kansas .e.xcept a strip fifty unless wide along the south line of the state, 
beginning twenty-flve miles west of the Missouri line, near the present 
eastern boundary of Labette county, and reaching west to an indefinite 
line extended from the head waters of the Kansas river, southerly, through 
the Rock Saline. This was the Osage reservation, which conipi-ised the 
largest body of good land in Kansas, remaining unsettled when the civil 
war closed in 18(J5. 

Land Titles 
The white men wanted these lands and were bound to get them soon 
in any event, but the return of the soldiers of the Union to civil life in 
1865 no doubt hastened the movement to send the Indians westward again 
and make homes and farms out of these fertile Southern Kansas valleys 
to which they held title. At Canville trading post in Neosho county on 
September 29th, 1805, a treaty was negotiated which became opei-ative 
January 21st, 1867, by whose terms the Osages sold a thirty-mile strip off 
from the east side of their lands for $300,000. This strip' embraced the 
counties of Xeosho and Labette, and a fraction about three miles wide 
along the east sides of Wilson and Montgomery counties. The contest 
between the settlers and the Missouri, Kansas iV Texas and the Leaven- 
worth, Lawrence & Galveston railroad companies for the title to these 
lands forms one of the most interesting chapters in the history of Labette 
county. This contest also involved the three-mile strip on the east side 
of Montgomery county and interested a considerable per centage of its 
population. It was finally decided in favor of the United States, under 
whom a portion of the settlers claimed title, leaving those who had bought 



8 HISTORY or MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

their lauds from the railroad coiiipaiiies to seek to perfect tlieir titles 
anew. 

These ceded lauds were eventually entered under the pre-emption 
laws and paid for to the credit of the Osage fund in the government 
treHsury. 

The same treaty which cut off these Osage lauds on the east also 
sliced off a twenty-mile strip on the north, leaving the -'Diminished Re- 
serve" but thirty iniles in width, and as the territory narrowed the eager- 
ness to possess it became greater. The corporations had an eye upon it, as 
well as the settlers, and on May 27th, ISGS, a little more than a year 
before the rush of immigrants began to fill the county, there was negotiat- 
ed on Drum Creek a treaty which for downright infamy outranks any 
other transaction in the history of the opening of the west to settlement 
and civilization. This treaty was known as the "Sturgis Treaty," aud is 
liberally treated under the head of "Drum Creek Treaty'" in this volume. 

Owing to a discrepancy between the southern boundary line of the 
state of Kansas and the south line of the Osage Dimiuished Reserve, there 
was a strip of land along the south line of Montgomery county, varying 
between two and three miles in width, which was claimed by the Cherokee 
Indians, and which was eventually sold for their benefit several years 
later. Actual settlers were given a preference in the purchase of these 
lands, but those which remained were disposed of in any desired quantity, 
and at a price somewhat higher than the settlers were asked to pay. 

land titles in the county were thus of four different kinds. The land- 
holder may find his chain running back to a government patent originat- 
ing in a purchase from the Cherokees or the Osages. aud if the latter, it 
may be either of "Ceded" or "Diminished Reserve" lands. Or he may hold 
by virtue of a purchase from the state school fund commissioners. It 
was fortunate for the settlers, though, that for all except a small fraction 
of the area of the county, the ccmtest between the corporations and the 
l)eople was fought out before the lands were entered. They were thus 
freed from the long period of strife, the expense and the uncertainty which 
were the fate of their neighbors in Labette county and on the "Ceded" 
strip. The titles which they obtained when they paid the purchase price 
to the government and received their final receipts from the land office of- 
ficials, have never been called in (juestion. and the courts have been resort- 
ed to only to settle individual and isolateil cases of rival claims to 
proprietorship. 

The original government surveys of the lauds in the county, however, 
were made in a very careless manner, the section and (piurter section 
cornel's often being many rods from where they should have been, and 
the surveys of the "Ceded" and "Diminished" lands wei-e so loosely con- 
nected that in ii:;niy cases there are (piarter sections on the line between 



[ISTORY OF MOXTGOJIERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 



CHAPTER II. 

Important Events 
The lU'iini Creek Treaty, The Elk Kivcr Valley Floods. The Volcanic Up- 
heaval at Coffeyviile in ls!»4, the Eeed Family Tragedy, Why Did 
Poiueroy Trtist York?, The County High School, and the Daltou Raid 
lit Coffeyviile. 

The Drum Creek Treaty 

r.Y JNO. S. GILMORE. 

On May 27th, 1808, a treaty with the Osages was concluded on Drum 
Creek. Montgomery county, for the disposition of the Diminished Reserve, 
or thirty -mile strip. This was popularly called the Drum Creek treaty 
or the "Sturgis treaty." Wm. Sturgis was the controlling spirit in its 
negotiation. By its terms the entire Diminished Reserve, comprising 
8,003,(»00 acres was to be sold to the Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston 
Railroad Co. for |1,600,000, or a fraction tinder 20 cents per acre. It was 
understood that Sturgis would be the indirect beneficiary of this stupen- 
dous wrong. The treaty was a premeditated, thoroughly planned and 
successfully executed fraud from its iucipiency up to the stage of its 
submission to the United States Senate for ratification. It was even 
more — a brazen steal, so extensive as to be infamous — and the oflScials, 
politicians and leading men who approved or aided and abetted in the 
attempt to carry it out deserved to be buried so deep under popular 
obloqtiy that they would never again publieally show their heads. The 
Indians were no doubt unduly influenced by the promoters and retainers 
of the L. L. & G. railroad company. The treaty commission, with special 
interpreters, Indian agents, and advocates of the scheme had gone into 
the Indian country accompanied by a detatchment of the Seventh Li. S. 
cavalry commanded by Capt. Geo. W. Yates. (Yates and his troop went 
down to death with General Custer on the Rosebud, June 2oth, 1876,) 
The commission composed N. G. Taylor, President; Thos. Murphy, Geo. C. 
Snow, Albert G. Boone and A. N. Blacklidge, Secretary ; with three inter- 
preters. Those signing the treaty by way of attesting the signatures (X 
marks) of the Osage chiefs and their adherents were Alex. R. Banks, 
special U. S. Indian agent; Geo. W. Yates, Captain Seventh cavalry; 
M. W. Reynolds, reporter for commission ; Charles Robinson, I. S. 
Kalloch, Moses Neal, W. P. Murphy, Wm. Babcock and the interpreters. 
Alex Beyett, Lewis P. Chouteau and Augustus Captain. The first Osage 
X mark was under the title of Joseph Paw-ne-no-pashe, White Hair, prin- 
cipal chief, followed by the Indian names of lOG other chiefs, councilors 



lO msTt)RY OK MONTCJOMISRY COUNTY. KANSAS. 

aiul l.iavt's of llie Big and Little Osage tribes. Of Indians signing the 
dociinient wlio were known by many Moutgouiery county pioneers were 
lUack I»og. Little Beaver, No])awaila. Strike Ax. Wyohake. Chetopali, 
Hard Kobe. Walisanka and ^Mclotuiinini (Twelve O'clock, i Little Bear 
was dead. 

B\ the time this treaty reached the Senate the settlers on the reserve 
were aroused a nd their friends throughout the State and many newspap- 
ers shared ojienly their feeling and espoused their cause. A determined 
fight was made against the ratification of the treaty, led by Hon. Sidney 
Clarke. Kansas" sole Congressman. Both Senators were silently for the 
robber measure. Senator E. G. Ross, a year later, rei)orted it to the Senate 
so amended as to divide up the lands with other railroad comi>anies, 
witluut adding to the price or making any provision for the interests or 
rights of the settlers. But Congressman Clarke did not relax in his bitter 
opposition. He brought to light the objectionable and unjust features of 
the treaty, stood for the opening of the reserve to actual settlers as the 
Trust Lands had been opened, and as a result of his protests and efforts 
and at his request General Grant, soon after becoming President, on 
March 4th, 186!), withdrew the treaty from the Senate. 

Sidney Clai'ke framed and offered in the House the section in the an- 
nual Indian appropriation bill, ai)proved July 15th, 1870, which opened 
the ]>!minished Reserve to actual settlers only at .fl.25 per acre, excepting 
the lOtli and 36th .sections, which were reserved to the State of Kansas for 
school purposes. After a two years' contest he had prevented the con- 
summation of the greatest swindle on Indians and settlers alike ever con- 
cocted in Kansas. The railroads, losing the rich prize which seemed 
almost securely within their grasp, combined in the campaign of 1870 
against Clarke and defeated him for renomination for Congress, 

At a council held on Drum Creek in Septend)er, 1870, arrangements 
were effected for the final removal of the remaining Osages to their new 
home in the Indian Territory, just south of the Kansas line. By the act 
ai)iir(.ved .Inly l."ith of that year the I'residciit bad been directed to make 
such removal as soon as the Indians would a^rcc thereto. They went. 



The Elfc Valley Flood of 1885 

.\ner till' grasshdiiiier plague of 1S71 .'i laoliably llic wurst .-alamity 
that h;!s bcrallcii Monlgonicry county sinre its scltlcmcnt was the flood 
wliicli s\ve|,l down the Valleys of the' l-:ik an<l Verdigris (ui Friday, Sat- 
urday and Sunday. .May l.l'th, KJth, and 17tli, LSS.".. Perhaps the most 
comi)i'eiiensive account of this disaster was the one imblished by the Star 
and Kansan. at Independence, on the Friday following; and it is from 
this account that the facts for this sketch are gleaned. 

That fateful Fridav was noted at Jndependence as a day of clouds 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY'^ KANSAS. II 

au(l sliowei's with heavy Imiilcs of cloud along the western horizon 
Toward night news canie of a great storm in Elk county and that the 
railroad track had been washed away in the neighborhood of Elk Falls. 
No more trains were able to get through on the Soullicrii Kansas line of 
the S'anta Fe railroad in either direction, and on Saturday morning a re- 
pair train loaded with material for bridge building had gone out to the 
neighborhood of the bridge over the Elk at Table :M«)und. About half 
past ten o'clock a telegram was received from this train stating that lives 
were in danger and help was needed. All the available boats in the city 
were taken to the depot, and a little after noon the repair train, which had 
returned to Independence, stai-ted for the scene of danger with about a 
hundred and fifty men on board. A few nunutes run brought the train to 
the locality of tlie tlood, and at the southwest corner of Table Mound the 
boats were unloaded and started out over the waste of waters on their 
errand of mercy. Among those who risked their lives in these frail crafts, 
to rescue those in peril, were Eugene B. White, Milton Gregory, Lewis 
Bowman and Elisha Mills. 

During the morning the waters had risen so high as to touch the sills 
of the iron railroad bridge over the Elk, and a gang of men were at work 
on the bridge dislodging the mass of corn stalks which had lodged against 
it on the upper side. Beyond the bridge, to the west, the railroad track 
was out of water as far as the trestle over the slough, and this strip Mas 
the only bit of dry land visible in the entire valley from bluff to bluff. On 
it were gathered a few cattle and hogs which had tied to it for their lives, 
and to which the waters were bringing the scattered ears of corn they had 
gathered. To the left of the railroad, chickens were seen roosting in the 
trees near a deserted house, and still nearer a bunch of them had gath- 
■ered on the upper ends of a pile of posts which projected a little above 
the surface of the water; and away to the north of the railroad were a 
number of horses which had been tied on the highest ground in the vicin- 
ity, but were still nearly covered by the waters. 

It was not, however, until the writer climbed the slope of Table 
Mound and stood upon the rocky ledge that marks its outlines that he 
realized the extent of the calamity which had befallen the residents of 
these fertile valley lands. Up and down the river basin, as far as the eye 
could reach, there was water everywhere. Only a small fragment of a 
single wheat field showed above the flood in this entire rich valley district. 
Still the waters were dotted with trees and groves, while a fringe of 
timber marked the windings of the channel of the Elk; and houses and 
barns could be seen here and there, the highest of them with apparently 
not less than three feet of water on their first floors, and the lowest sub- 
merged to the eaves. Probably the watery area in sight from this point 
was not less than ten scpiare miles in extent; and at one jdace the width 
of the vallev is scarcelv less than five miles. 



12 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

In one instance a family refused to leave the bouse when tlie rescu- 
ing boat appeared, but when a second downpour came later in the after- 
noon they were fain to seek the shore. Some of the dwellers in the valley 
wei-e landed on the west shore, having made one portage across the rail- 
road during the trip. There they were warmly welcomed by the neighbors 
gathered on the opposite mound, who could be seen from our side running 
across the grassy slope to meet them. And all this while the sullen roar 
of the angry waters rang in our ears and we bad only to close our eyes to 
imagine we stood on the ocean's beach listening to its endless refrain. 
About us were the most lovely of our wild flowers, the graceful, nodding 
columbines and the crimson hued verbenas ; but above us the heavens were 
again gathering blackness and the inky pall of cloud along the western 
horizon was ever and anon illuminated by a vivid flash that left it blacker 
and more ominous than before ; while below, in dozens of swift curi'ents, 
the thick and noisome waters rushed onward unresting to the sea. Prob- 
ably no one who gazed in fascinated awe upon those thousands of acres 
which at dawn had been covered with luxuriant fields of wheat, promising 
within a month a harvest of golden grain, and which were now buried 
from five to fifteen feet in depth beneath a swiftly flowing volume of water 
wider than the Mississippi, will ever forget the scene. 

Meanwhile the panorama was not without an exciting and, what 
threatened to be, a tragic interlude. One of the boats — Bowman's it was 
said — ventured into the swift current setting under the trestle west of 
the iron railroad bridge . In a flash it was sucked under and upset, one of 
its occupants clutching the timbers of the trestle and being drawn out 
from above, while the other apjieared on the bottom of the u}tturned boat 
as it drifted down stream. Fortunately he reached the fringing grove of 
the river channel unharmed, and was able to halt the boat there until 
another came to its rescue. 

During the afternoon, the iron wagon bridge. I wo and a half miles 
north of Independence on the Neosho road, was swept down stream and, 
shortly after, the one on the Radical City road, a couple of miles farther 
west, went to keep it conifjany. Sunday morning the flood was at its 
height in the Verdigris in the neighborhood of Independence, and the 
water to the northeast of the city had backed up as far as Pennsylvania 
avenue, just south of the railroad trestle. Kock creek on the south was 
also full and almost impassable, while the entire valley from the bluff at 
the east side of the city to the hills a mile away to the northeast, was one 
vast sheet of water. The railroad was washed away at a small trestle 
near the east side of the valley, and that afternoon the passengers coming 
in from the north were ferried over to the city by boat, among them being 
some returning visitors from the New Orleans exposition. 

Until Sunday no loss of life had been reported in the county, but dur- 
ing the forenoon came the melancholy tidings of a pathetic fatality at the 



HISTORY OV MOXTfioMERY COVNTY. KANSAS. I J 

month oi C:ud ncek in Rutliind towusbip. Saturday niovuiiij!,- Dr. I. H. 
.McCov. of thai iH'i.sihborhood. who had recently been engaged in business 
in Independence, with Mr. Greer, a neighbor, had hastily constructed a 
square box boat which could have been little more than a raft, as the work 
on it is said to have taken tiieni but forty minutes. With this Ihey rescued 
the family of a Mr. Wallace, living in the path of the flood, in whoso house 
the water had risen to the ceiling of the first story, and brought them safe- 
ly to laud. Finding no more [leople in danger in their neighborhood, they 
liext ferried a cow out of the flood, one of them holding her by the horns 
while the other paddled. About noon John E. Rice, an unmarried young 
man 23 years of age. took Mr. Greer's place, but Dr. McCoy, though a man 
of family, refused to permit anyone to become a substitute for him. 
Manned by McCoy and Rice, the boat put off to a knoll lying a little to the 
west of tlie mouth of Card creek and south of the river, where a uumber 
of people were to be seen. Here were found Mrs. Eliza Woods, a widow 
who had resided iu the county from the date of its first settlement, and 
several other people, among whom were John McCarty and Maurice and 
George Heritage. The two latter were at work upon an old and heavy 
boat Avith which they had been engaged during the morning in rescuing 
those who were in danger, but which had sprung aleak. The story of the 
fatal accident which followed is as told the writer by Maurice Heritage. 
When he went to the Widow Woods" residence to take her away, he found 
her nearly beside herself with fright and excitement, and engaged in con- 
strucling a raft with which to start for the shore. When McCoy came to 
the knoll, she eagerly assented to his proposal to take her to the mainland, 
though the water had already fallen a foot and a half and all danger was 
past. 

With her youngest child. Toiiimy, a boy six or seven years of age, and 
another little boy about the same age, the son of Ira VanDuzeu, a neigh- 
bor, Mrs. Woodsgot into the box boat with McCoy and Rice. It was only 
sixty rods to the shore, but they had not gone more than three before they 
were in a strong current, and their boat, which was evidently overloaded, 
became unmanageable and was sucked through an opening in a hedge 
wherj this current was setting most strongly. vSeeing their peril Mr. Her- 
itage and Mr. McCarty rushed toward them, thinking they could make a 
sort of living chain of themselves, and while one of them held to the 
hedge, the other holding fast to the first could reach the boat and swing 
it out of the current and into safety. By the time Heritage had got with- 
in twenty-five feet of the boat it went under and he was sucked in after it 
just where the boat had disappeared, the water being eight or nine feet 
deep. Here Heritage says he lost consciousness, until v»-heu he came to 
the surface ten yards away, he was recalled to a knowledge of his peril 
by McCarty calling to him. and swam out of the current. 

Mr. Rice.though an ex]iert swimmer, did not arise again, and it is 



14 HISTORY or MONTiJOMERV CorXTY. KANSAS. 

thonslit that he was stunned by a hlow across the bridge of the nose 
whicli left a bruise perceptible when the body was recovered. The boat 
was afterward seen floating down stream with McCoy and Mrs. Woods 
both clinging to it, but it kept rolling over in the waves so that they soon 
lost their hold. As McCoy was also a good swimmer, it is inferred that 
but for an attempt to rescue Mrs. Woods he would have saved himself. 
The boat did not upset until its occupants attempted to jump from it as 
it was going down ; it simply foundered from overloading. The bodies 
were found about seven o'clock the next morning, from seventy-flve to a 
hundred yards fi-oni where they disappeared, having lodged in a hedge, at 
rigiit angles to the one through which they were passing when the boat 
sank. 

hi this cduiily no oilier fiil:ililii-s wei-e rcjiorled. lliough the losses in 
the destniitioii of growing crops were almost beyond computation. On 
Sunday A^'. If. Linton's Houring mill, three miles southwest of Liberty, 
fell into the river, entailing a loss of «:',.()(»0. :McTaggart's mill, northwest 
of Liberly. and near the sight of the oi-iginal town of that name, was 
flooded to a depth of thirty-three inches, which was sixteen more than had 
been observed there since its erection in the pioneer days. At Elk 
City the wafer was three feet deep in the depot, and many residences were 
damaged by the Hood, but the business quarter was not inundated. Tiie 
raih'oad was overflowed three miles north of Cotfeyville at Kalloch 
station, and during the first of the week that city was ciit oft' from mail 
communication with the outside world, except by hack to Independence. 

The "cloudburst" which caused this flood originated in Chautauqua 
county, and in Ihat county the loss of life was greater than in ]M -utsoin- 
ery, no less than eleven fatalities being reported. Twn bodic-. were re- 
covered at Matanzas and three in the neighlxuhood of ( \uiey : while six 
deaths occuried in the vicinity of Sedan. The following; vi\i(l and strik- 
ing story of the storm and its work in Ihat county is from the columns jf 
the Sedan (Tra[)hic of the next week : 

"Last Friday commenced like a balmy spring morning, with southerly 
winds, and it bade fair to be the most jileasant day of the week; but be- 
fore noon dark clouds had begun to rise in the north, and by half past 
eleven the northern part of the county was the center of one of the most 
disastr(nis rainstorms ever rec(U-ded in the annals of the state. The rain 
and hail. accomi»anied at times by winds of a <'ycl(>nic natttre, fell for 
eight consecutive hours. The water stood on the level i)rairie at times 
nearl\ (wo feet deep. The clouds from this place looked as if they were 
rising and moving oft', when other clouds, if anything of a more fearful 
character, would i evolve aroui-d and taUe the place of the one which had 
just si)ent its fury. The northern sky all the afternoon was a dark mass 
of revolving clouds. The clouds would apjicar in the northeast, and fol- 
lowing llic circle, (Iisaii|.car in the norihwest with terrilde regularity. 



UlSTOUY UF MO.N'niOMEKY COlNTYj KANSAS. I 5 

At about five o'clock in tlie evening the first approadi of the stoi-ni was 
announced here by the dark circling clouds overhead, acc<)nii)anied by a 
deluge of rain, which converted our strets and water ways into boiling 
torrents. A few minutes after the rain had commenced to fall it was re- 
ported that the river was out of its banks, and in less than half an hour 
from the time of the first indications of the rise, the river was fifteen feet 
higher than it had ever been before since the first settlement of the county, 
and our iieople. for the first time, began to realize that those farmers liv- 
ing in the low river bottoms had either escaped by marvelous exertion or 
been carried to destruction. Horses, cattle, hogs, wagons and farming im- 
plements were driven past by the mad torrents at a frightful rate. The 
water came down in walls four feet liii:li. crushing and carrying away 
everything that opposed its forces; fenifs and lanii improvements disap- 
peared in an instant, and great trees that liad stood the test of ages were 
uprooted and leveled to the earth ; while the roar and swish of the waters 
made the bravest stand back and shudder as he contemplated the awful 
consequences that must inevitably follow. People began to move out ofi 
the lower part of town to the high points. Xight coming on and the rain 
still falling, nothing could be (lone till morning to relieve the sufl'erers 
on the bottoms. 

"Next morning the cries of the sufferers in tree tops were heard, and 
rafts and boats were speedily constructed to render assistance. One raft 
was made out of the side of a house and set afloat by William Harbert 
and others, and rescued Ben Adams, his wife and two children out of the 
tree to])s. where they had taken refuge the night before. Their house 
started ofl:' about six o'clock. The woman caught in a tree top and lifted 
her two children on to the same limb, her husband going still farther and 
catching to another tree. The plucky little woman sheltering her children 
all night and fighting the drift wood and everything, to keep from being 
dragged oft their only hope of safety. Just above them, and four miles 
from i^edan, Mr. Witt, his wife and one child, also. Mr. Green, seeing the 
flood coming, tried to make their escape to the highlands in their wagon, 
but were carried down with the flood. Mr. Witt making his escape, and 
the child, woman, and Mr. (Ireeu being drowned. Their bodies have all 
been recovered. Ed. Chadburn. a freighter from this city, was on the 
road to Moline, and was drowned in a small rivulet north of town. His 
body was discovered early Saturday moiniug, and was brought home and 
interred Sunday evening. Two children of Mr. Rogers, on Xorth Caney, 
east of Sedan, were drowned; their bodies were recovered. Mr. and Mrs. 
Rogers escaped after a perilous swim of a mile." 

The next great flood in the "\'erdigris came in Septend)er. ISflo, but 
was unaccompanied by loss of life, and while it ruined most of the corn 
fields in the valley only injured wheat in the stack. 

In the latter part of :May. l!)(i:!. the highest water since the settle- 



I6 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

ment of the county swt'i^t tliroiif;!! IjotU the Elk and Vercligris valleys, 
and at midnight on Friday. May I'lid, it reached its maximum at Indepen- 
dence, three feet above the high water mark of 1895. The wheat crop in 
all of the valley lands of the county was ruined by this flood, but the only 
loss of life reported was in the upper part of Sycamore valley, where J. 
W. Burke was drowned by the ui)setting of his buggy in the rapidly flow- 
ing stream, which was not more than three feet deep at the ford where 
he attem))ted to cross. His wife, who was in the carriage with him. was 
rescued. lie was a ])i(ineer and a well known citizen and had beo.u prom- 
inent for years in the councils of the INipulist party. 

The Volcanic Upheaval of 1894 at Coffeyville 

Viewed from the standpoint of the geologist ami the student of physi- 
cal ])!ienomena, in the entire history of the slate of Kansas, from the days 
of Coi-ouado to these opening yeais of the Twentieth century, there haS 
been no more interesting spectacle than was witnessed by those who vis- 
ited Major Osborn's pasture adjoining the city of Coffeyville in the 
summer of 1894. The location of the volcanic upheaval which occurred 
there on the night of Sunday, July 22d, was only about four blocks north 
of the Eldridge House and the business centre of the city, and not more 
than seventy-five yards west of Ninth street, which there marks the west- 
ern limit of the town. Had the upheaval occurred fifteen hundred feet 
south of where it did, it would have made utter wreck of most of the 
business buildings of that city. 

As compared with the un<l('rgi-<iun<l distiubance on that July night, 
the Daltoii raid which brought ('oHVy\illc so much unenviable notoriety, 
was but a ri])])le on the surface <>f events. That affair was transitory and 
left no such abiding scars on the eartli's surface as did the elemental up- 
heaval that occurred two years later. Aside from events which are of 
interest because th(»y attect those of our own race, there has been no other 
happening in the entire histoi-y of Kansas so far out of the usual order of 
Things, nor so significant in its suggestions. Elemental commotion above 
die earth's surface we ai(^ accusiomed lo. and the violence and destruction 
wrought by cyclones and tornadoes do not excite our special wonder, as 
they would if they were new to our ex]ierience. Hut when the solid earth 
itself begins to rock and vomits forth ston(^s by the ton from depths that 
have not .seen the light for uninniibered aeons, ]M'o])le have reason to pause 
and (luestion whether there is nnythiiig stable, anything abiding in 
this old world of ours. 

The writer of this aiticie visited CotVeyville two days after the ex- 
plosioii. aiKl ihis is wlial lie s.iw as he ihen reconled his obsei'vations : 

The main cralei- extends in a nori Invesierly and southeasterly di- 
rection about a liuiidred feel. It is oblong in shape and varies in width 
from thirly lo fifty feet. The pile of stone and earth that surrounds it 



HISTORY Ol' JIONTGO.MERY COL'NTY^ KANSAS. I7 

is ten or twelve feet high at the southeast corner, but the crater is scarcely 
lower on the inside of this pile than the ground just south of it, so that 
the bowl-shaped or crater-like appearance is due in large measure to the 
piling up of earth and stone around the region of upheaval. Most of the 
central depression, as well as the surrounding elevation, is covered with 
jagged and irregular stones of various sizes, giving the scene a slight 
resemblance to some of the stone gardens among the Rocky mountains. 
These stones are principally fragments of sandstone, but among them is 
some bluish soapstone. The gas men who have drilled here say that the 
latter is not found nearer the surface than thirty or forty feet. And yet 
right in the center of the crater is a great mass of this stone, consisting of 
four or five layers, all tilted up on edge, about six feet in thickness and 
fifteen feet long, with their lower edges concealed by the debris about 
them. This is the mass which has been repeatedly described as "about 
the size of a wag(m box." As a matter of fact there is stone enough in 
that mass to fill a good sized wagon train and to weigh from fifty to one 
hundred tons. 

The force re(piired to tear this stone loose from the horizontal strata 
in which it lay so quietly imbedded a week ago, as it had been ever since 
it was mud and ooze in the bed of a great inland sea, to break up and lift 
all the layers of sandstone That lay above it, and to instantly raise the 
thousands on thousands of tons of rock and soil between it and the sur- 
face, is beyond all computation. It must have been something titanic 
— something compared with which the charges of dynamite u.sed 
in shooting oil wells are as toy pistols to the great Krupp gun we saw at 
the Chicago Exposition. That an explosion of gas in a pocket scores of 
feet below the surface might have stirred the bosom of the sleeping earth 
and opened a seam to ease the pressure would be credible ; but what kind 
of a force, how sudden the explosion, and how beyond measure the pres- 
sure, the force, required to produce so stupendous a result ! 

Yet this one minatui-e crater, where a bit of smooth, grass-grown 
Kansas prairie had been, in the twinkling of an eye, transformed into 
such a scene of stony desolation, by no means told all the story. Running 
thence southwest for nearly fifty yards were great cracks from six to eight 
feet deep and a foot or more in width. They terminated in another small- 
er crater where the eruption seemed to have been much less violent, the 
soil merely boiling up from the effects of the blow-out by the pent-up forces 
below. Still farther to the southwest, traces of the exjjlosion and smaller 
fissures could be perceived for a thousand feet or more out into the 
pasture. 

The main crater could have been little short of a full-fledged volcano 
at the time of the explosion. Eye witnesses say that stones and earth 
were thrown to a vast height — some think as much as four hundred feet, 
which T am inclined to believe is more nearlv correct than the conservative 



iS nisTiJKv nr Mu.\i(i(i.Mi:i:Y cdrNTV. Kansas. 

estimate of one limuhed ami titty feet. The fiiomid fi-diii ilie i eiilei- of tlie 
crater east to Waluut street, a distance of seventytive \:irds. is iliickly 
strew!! -with stoues varying in size from the smallest ijaiiirle ii]i id l>nil<en 
pieces of rock weighing two hundred j)ounds or more; and there is hardly 
a bit of ground large enough to i)lace your hand ujion that is not covered 
with this crumbled stone. There are jdenty of j>ieces in the street, too; 
and so lu'a\y were the rocks tailing along its east side that a wooden 
sidewalk, not less llian a hundred yards t'roiii the crater, built of plank 
two inches thick, was broken in several places by the falling fragments. 
For I block farther, more or less of the stony rain fell, some of the pieces 
of blue soa])st(me here being large enough for building slabs. In the lot 
directly east of the crater is a two-story residence jirobably twenty-ftve 
feet stpiare. Here the window glass was all broken <>n the e.\]ios(Ml side, 
and in one jilace the weather boarding had been crushed by the bomlnird- 
menr. Mr. K. 1'. Kercheval occu]>ied the n]i]M'r story of this residence, 
and his bedroom window was shattered and stones thrown over on to 
the bed. fortunately withotit injuring any 4ine. 

At the n(U-theast corner of this house is a small cistern about six feet 
deej) and eight feet in diameter. It is of the shai)e of an inverted bowl, 
and the native rock formed the b<itl<nii and a portion of the east side. 
Here the effects of still another e.xiilosion were perceptible, the rock in 
the renter of the l!oor being torn loose and thrown up with such force 



as to crush the arch at the to]i. leaving a 


ho 


le in the bottom where the 


firmest jiossible foundation had been befo 


re.. 


Of course the cistern was 


drained, the water disaii|peariug down the 


' llo 


le. Why the only break in 


the surface (d)servable east of the main 


cral 


ter should have been made 


right in the bottom of this cistern is one 


of 1 


Ihe many curious and inex- 



plicable facts connected with this exjilosion. 

Looking for something to throw light on the causes of such an tip- 
upheaval. 1 note that a gas well had been drilled just northeast of the 
crater in the i.asture and not more than fifty yards distant. That this 
well had something to do with the exjdosion is an almost universal con- 
cltision. Indeed. Major Osborne, the owner of the jnoperty, is talking of 
suing the gas company which drilled ilie well, lor damages. Again, two 
wells in the vii-inity are reported to have behaved sirangely before the 
explosion. One of them, only about .-i Imiidivd xards to tite southea.st, is 
thirty feet deej. and usually has six or ei-hi feel of water in it. Here, 
before the exidosion. Ilie water is said to !ia\c lisen to within four feet 
of the stirface. a fad dillicnlt to explain at smli a dry season as had been 
previiiliiig. The wal.'i- ha< subsided to the iioinial level since the explo- 
sion. .\nother well, a block larilKM- away, had been bubbling with gas for 
two or Ihree wi'cks. bni simc has be.-ome (piiescent. The day after the 
(^xjilosion. while a linndred people weic viewing the scene, one of those 



HISTOKY OK .\rO.\T(;OMEUV rorXTY. KAX8Art. I9 

ed tliat they have uo business to. stiuck a niatch and iguiled gas enough 
to cause an expk>sion and some trembling of the earth. 

All these faets tit in vei-y nicely with the theory that the gas well 
had been leaking into some tissures comparatively near the surface, and 
(TOW (led ilicm with gas until the pressure became very great, when the 
St nil exploded in some unaccountable way. In that case, though, it is 
naturally questioned why some of the force and effects of the explosion 
were not manifest in the well itself. That seems to be uninjured, and 
the gas escapes from it now with considerable roaring, burning at night 
with a great mass of Hame and a noise that may he heard blocks away. 

People who were awake at the time of the explosion say that it was 
jjreceded by a heavy rund)ling and roaring that seemed to come from 
the southwest; that the earth i-ocked and then tlie dirt and stones were 
thrown high into the air. At the same time people living three miles to 
the northeast rejiort that dishes were thrown from a table by the tremb- 
ling of the earth. 

Tlie explosion occurred at two o'clock Monday morning. A few 
minutes before one o'clock Tuesday afternoon, the sound of a heavy ex- 
plosion was heard at Caney, twenty miles to the west; dishes rattled, 
buildings rocked, and there were all the phenomena of an earthquake 
shock. The same afternoon several people from the neighborhood of 
Independence, who were attending a sale two miles '.orth of Jefferson 
and about twelve miles northwest of Coffeyville, report having heard a 
loud explosion. Threshers in Rutland township observed the same thing, 
and llieir machine was shaken as if by a rolling of the earth's surface. 
Where this explosion heard by .so many jjeople in such widely separated 
localities actually took place, no one ever learned; and it seems hardly 
possible that it could have all been the work of the Cotfeyville boy with 
his little parlor match, as the noise he made could not have been heard 
at so great a distance. 

That the gas which exjiloded was far above the dee]) veins from 
which the gas wells draw their suiqily seems probable. That electrical 
or other conditions which accompany earthquakes could ignite subter- 
ranean gasses is well known. Why an upper vein should be exploded &nd 
the lower ones remain undisturbed by the effects of an earthquake, 
whose tremblings are supposed to originate hundreds or thousands of 
feet below the surface, is hard to understand on the theory suggested. 
That the gasses which filled the tissures comparatively near the surface 
could have been exploded by any other agency than one originating deep 
in the bowels of the earth seems unreasonable — the more especially as 
there was no thunder or lightning on that eventful night. 

The years that have passed since the occurrence who.se effects are 
detailed above have witnessed no other like jihenomena anywhere in the 
gas belt; nor have they thrown any ailditioiial light on the cause which 



20 HISTORY (IF :MllN-|i;0>Ii:i!Y Cm-NTV. KANSAS. 

produced tluil blow-out. Aiul 1 am still iiiflined to believe that it could 
only liave been the frictional or eleetrical effects of a slight earthquake 
shock that could have exploded the gas in its underground chambers and 
jirodiK ("d the resulting volcanic ujdieaval. 

The Reed Family Tragfedy 

Manj terrible tragedies have darkened the annals of Montgomery 
county, but among them all there has been no other that has so profound- 
ly moved the jieople as that of the suffocation of the family of George W. 
Reed, at Independence, cm the night of Saturday, December 31st, 1893. 
The calamity was due to the imperfect consumption of natural gas, on 
account of the entire stoppage of the flue of a chimney, resulting in the 
formation of that deadly product of combustion, carbonic oxide gas. This 
fact, however, was not learned until days after the tragedy, and 
meanwhile the mystery and the horror which surrounded the affair so 
impressed the public mind that the jieople of the city could neither think 
nor talk of anvthing else, and foi' a time business was almost at a stand- 
still. 

The Keed family at the time consisted of Mr. Reed, who was manager 
of the Long-Bell Lumber Company, his wife. Ella, who was a sister of 
E. P. xMlen, president of the First National Bank, their son Allen, a boy 
of five yeai-s, and Miss Eda Scott, a young lady 22 years of age who had 
been in their employ for several months. On the night mentioned Mr. 
Reed had gone for a doctor for a neighbor's child, about nine o'clock in 
the evening, which was the last seen of him alive. On the Sunday follow- 
ing, at least six or seven times attempts were made to obtain entrance to 
the house, but every one who came found the doors locked and received 
no response to repeated knocks. Tom Foster, who was a step-son of a 
married daughter of Mr. Reed, had been invited to take dinner there on 
that day, and not only came at the appointed time but when he found the 
door locked, the curtains drawn and everything still about the house, sat 
down on the jiorch in the warm sunshine of that New Year's day and 
waited for an hour before going away. J. A. Sparks, then turn-key at the 
jail, was the affianced husband of the girl. Eda. and he not only went 
there once but rejieatedly. in fulfillment of an engagement to take her for 
a buggy ride that aftei-noon. without learning why it was that no re- 
sfjonso came to his knocking. 

Everyone of course concluded that the family had gone out aud so 
no attenijit was made to break into the house. When, however, the next 
morning came and .Mr. Reed did not a])pear at the lumber yard, his 
friends, and Mr. Sjiarks as well felt that it was time to make an investi- 
gation. Accordingly a jiarty was formed, consisting of Allen Brown, 
whose tirst wife was .Mr. Reed's daughter. Rev. J. E. Pershing, Charles 
Yoe. of I he Tribune. Justice C. E. Cilmore. .L A. Sparks, H. J. Fairleigh, 



HISTORY OF MONTCJOJir-UY COINIV. KANSAS. 21 

and Geo. L. Remington, which prqoeeded to the residence and obtained 
entrance through an unfastened kitchen window. Mr. Brown went first, 
followed by Mr. Yoe. The kitchen tire was burning brightly, but the air 
was hot and foul, and Mv. Yoe stopped to turn off the gas. I'assing on 
into the sitting room Br. Brown was heard to exclaim "My God. what a 
sight!" Sweated within two feet of the stove was the body of Mr. Reed, 
already so far decomposed in that over-heated atmosjihere that long lines 
of blood and corriijition were stealing down his clothing to the floor 
forming a pool on the carpet and soaking through into the pine tloor be- 
neath. 

Haste was made to throw open doors and windows and change the 
stifling and pestilential air which was charged with the odors of death 
and decay. Had not this been done, the cause of the calamity would 
have been sooner discovered in the asphyxiation of some of the party. 
Further search disclosed that the wife and child, who were in the bed- 
room most distant from the fire, were still alive, though unconscious. 
The girl upstairs had been stricken while at her toilet and had fallen to 
the fioor and died many hours liefoi-e. as was indicated by the stage of 
decomposition that had been reached. 

The efforts to resuscitate Mrs. Reed proved successful, but the child 
lingered only until Monday evening, when his young life went out. Mrs. 
Keed could throw no light on the cause of the awful tragedy, though she 
remembered that Mr. Reed had complained of feeling chilly after re- 
tiring and had got up and lighted the fires, which had been turned out. 
It was later that he had responded to the call to go for a doctor for the 
neighbor's child, after which, she said he had retired again. 

Autopsies of the victims of this tragedy were held, and it was an- 
nounced that nothing inhaled into the lungs was responsible for it, and 
that in neither case was death due to as]jliyxiation. This was the dictum 
of a Kansas Ciiy expert who has never exjilained his blunder. The local 
physicians. Kuctors MeCulley, Masterman and Davis agreed that death 
was due to poisoning, and two of tliem said the symptojus were those of 
strychnine. From this, however, Masterman dissented. Xo people stood 
higher in the community than Mr. and Mrs. Reed, and so far as was 
known they had not an enemy in the world. How or why they could have 
been poisoned was a mystery that baffled every attempt at solution. And 
yet, that they had been poisoned by something other than gas from the 
stove, every one was forced to believe. It was more than a nine days' 
wonder. It was a horror which was inexplicable. Speculation ran riot, 
and everything imaginable was surmised. To solve the problem, if pos- 
sible, it was decided to have a chemical analysis of the contents of the 
stomachs of the two adults and of Mr. Reed's brain as well. Dr. Davis 
accordingly took them up to Kansas City and the inquest was adjourned 
to await the result. When word came on Saturdav. a week after the 



fatal evening, that no trace of poison could be discovered the mystery 
seemed deeper tlian ever. Many people were demanding that a test be 
made by subjecting dogs to the same conditions that prevailed in thejiouse 
when tlic viclims were found. The idea was that in some way the heated 
air h;iil pioxcd falal. Sroutiiig this suggestion, one of the physicians 
had assiMicd iliai a dog wnuld live for a month in just such an atmos- 
phere as those tires had i)roduced. 

Unintentionally a test was made, however, in a way that set all 
doubt, as to the calamity being due to the flres in the stove, completely 
at rest. Mr. Keeds' married daughters, ;Mrs. E. L. Foster and Mrs. R. O. 
Barbee, had been summoned from New .M,cxi<'o and Kentucky to attend 
the funeral. On the following Tuesday. Mr. K. P. Allen accompanied 
his wife and Mrs. Foster to the Reed house and lighted the flres to warm 
the rooms foi- them while they proceeded to look over the clothing in the 
bureaus and closets. Fortunately the outer door was left open. Each 
noticed that her eyes were smarting, but as the articles they were 
handling had become saturated with foul odors, they remarked that it 
would not do to rub them. Mrs. Foster soon complained of a smarting 
sensation in her throat also. A moment more and there was a strong 
twitching sensation in each side of her neck, and she felt her head drawn 
backward. She started for the open door and had barely reached it 
when nIic slaupcicd. icclcd and frll bac'liward on the porch. Her head 
struck a posi as slir ti'll, and sultcring fiuni a terrible nausea she vomited 
profiisely and h<Taiii(' in.sensible where she fell. Subsequently there was 
observed frothin.g at the mouth and the same convulsive symptoms that 
had been manifested in Mrs. Reed's case, as she was being slowly brought 
back to life. Not only that, but in her case her hands had remained 
clasped for twcnly-fonr hours, and her jaws were set so that it was with 
the utmost ditli<nlty they were forced apart to permit the administration 
of nourishnii'ni. 

There was of course no lunger any doubt that, whatever had been 
the cause of the trageily, it was still potent aTid might easily j)rove fatal 
to any one who should venture to enter that charnel house. One fact like 
this was worth a million theories in solving the problem of that awful 
calamity. The jirojiosed experiment with living animals confined in the 
places in wliicii the jieople had been found was now undertaken. On 
Wednesday, .lamiary 10th, Marshall Griffey got together three dogs and 
a cat. and under the sniierintendence of the sheriff and several physicians, 
they were locke<| up in the house with the fires burning. The dogs were 
in crates or ciges, and in ad<lition to placing them where the bodies had 
been found, a cai w.is fastened at the foot of the stairway. 

An interested iiuwd lingered about the house all day watching the 
exiieriment. Son;i' ilimlied to the roof of the kitchen from which the dog 
in the girl's room up stairs cmild be closelv observed. It 'vas noticed 



IIISTOKV (H- Md.NTi.d.MUKV Cdl N'lV. KANSAS. 23- 

that llie tiro in the siltin<; nxim was acting <nic('i-ly. the Ida/.c fi-oiii the 
gas coming out of the door for several inclu« and showing a reversed 
draft. Step by step the mystery was being cleared up. On the roof it 
was finally noted that while a large volume of heated air was coming 
from the kitchen chimney, the one from the sitting room remained cool, 
and no draft of any kind was i)erceptible. The cliinuiey had been choked 
up by the mortar which had fallen in when it was repaired and pieces^ 
had continued to fall until there was no longer any vent. 

By half past two in the afternoon the dog in the sitting room was in 
convulsions and the one up stairs had begun to show signs of distress 
and was frothing at the mouth. From this time on the crowd of inter- 
ested sight-seers increased, and there was a constant concourse of bug- 
gies and wagons in the street. The dogs were not rendered suddenly un- 
conscious, as Mrs. Foster had been the day before, but suffered one spasm 
after another, each of them exceedingly severe. In the intervals between 
the convulsions the animals lay panting, the one near the stove with his 
tongue- jirotruding and very rapid respiration. At half past seven this 
dog died, and just bef(!re midnight the last signs of life wei'e observed in 
the one up stairs. When the animals were taken oiit on Thursday morn- 
ing, the dog in the bed room was still living, but it lay sprawled and 
stiffened with convulsions so that its recovery was deemed impossible' 
and it was shot. The cat alone survived and with its i>roverbial hardi- 
hood ran away as soon as liberated and jilunged its head rejieatedly into 
a vessel of water, as if to free itself from the poisonous effects of the air 
it had been breathing for twenty-four hours. 

An autopsy of the dead animals was made by Doctors McCulley, 
Chaney and Davis, which resulted in disclosing the cherry-red ajipearance 
of the blood that is noted as one of the marked indications of i>oisoning 
by carbonic oxide, a gas that is formed in large quantity wherever there 
is imperfect combustion of fuel in a stove. This gas is not immediately 
fatal and its evil effects consist chiefly in shr.tting out oxygen, though it 
has a positive deleterious (piality also. 

The mystery was at last fully solved, and in the ten years since there 
has never been another fatality in the county from poisonous gasses de- 
veloped by natural gas stoves. Though learned at such a terrible cost,- 
the lesson proved effective beyond expectation. 

A further demonstration of the deadly character of this carbonic 
oxide gas was made at the office of the Independence Gas C'omjiany the 
same week, which will prove both interesting and instructive in this con- 
nectioTi. In the plumbing sho]) stood a stove with no pipe, the pi'oducls 
of combi^stion being allowed to pass oft" into the air of the room. Placing 
a board over the hole for the pijie, at the to]) of the drum, the products 
of combustion were confined in the drum. In a short time, with the stove 
door open, the flames would project two or three feet and burn with the 



24 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

reddish Inu- of imperfect combustiou. If tlien the stove door was closed, 
the tire wouhl soon go out entirely, there being uo oxygen to support 
combustion. Had the stove iu iMr. Reed's sitting room been of this sort,, 
the only result of the stoiipage of the flue would have been to put out 
the lire: but with the niii-a i-aiicls in ils door bvoki-n, Ihe tlanies came 
out as when the stove door at tjic slio]! was oiicii. and the air grew more 
deadly every moment. 

Visitors at ilr. Reed's a day or two previous to the tragedy had no- 
ticed that the air was bad; but it did not become deadly until the vent in 
the chimney was entirely closed, and he was such a sufferer from catarrh 
that he did not detect the changed character of the air as the fatal gas 
began to poison it. 

"Why Did Pomeroy Trust York? 
i;y II. w. Yot'xc. 

That "tnith is stranger than tictiou" is among the most trite of prov- 
erbs. Ami \i't, that it is the tarts of human life rather than the wildest 
vagaries uf the romancer that appeal to us more powerfully as weird, 
strange, wonderful, or inexplicable, is evidence of the intiiiite versatility 
of nalure. The materials that go to make the warp and woof of events 
are often the most unexpected, and are ever blended in any way that 
sets at naught the greatest foresight and the wisest predictions. Indeed, 
the more one reads and studies the lore of the past and the fiction of the 
present, the more fully will he be convinced that all there is of interest 
or value iu the creations of the novelist is the truth they contain. 

During the first five years of Montgomery county's history, the most 
striking events, seen with the clear perspective of almost a third (»f a cen- 
tury's distance are the lender tragedy and the exposuic by Senator A. M. 
Yoi"k of the attemjjt made to purchase his vote by Tnited States Senator 
S. C. Pomeroy, who was a candidate for re-election. Another less im- 
portant, but still remarkable event, was the location of the Osage District 
land office at Independence. That there could be any connection between 
events so entirely dissimilar, or that one of them should stand to another 
in the relation of cause and efi'ect, would seem to be especially unlikely. 
And yet not only was this the case, but we find one name — and that of a 
man wh i was mniucst ionably the foremost citizen of Montgomery county 
in those early days— coming to the front iu all three of those events. It 
was only the fad ili;it Dr. William York was the best known of the Ben- 
ders' victims. ;iii(l thai ii was his disaiipcarance which led to the search 
that hroughl ihcir ciimcs to light thai connected Senator York with that 
tragedy in is?:'.. What an event lul period that was for our Senator be- 
tween .lainiary IsTii and .Inly 1ST:!. How much of thrilling personal 
experience was crowded into it. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 25 

When ill the early winter of 1872 the mayor and conucil of the city 
of Independence decided to leave no stone nnturned to secure the removal 
of the United States land office from Neodesha to their own town, they 
raised |3,000 for the purpose and sent Senator York to Washington to 
engineer the deal. What he did there he shall tell in his own language, 
as it is recorded in the report of a legislative investigating committee at 
Topeka, testifying before which on January 31st, 1873, the Senator said: 

*'I was authorized as an attorney or agent of the town of Indepen- 
dence, by the mayor and council of that place to visit Washington last 
winter, and to do all I could to get the land office located at Indepen- 
dence. I think I left for Washington in January, 1872 ; anyhow I knew 
Mr. Caldwell was at home, being absent through the holiday recess. I 
took with me a letter of introduction from Mayor Wilson to General 
McEwen. I visited Messrs. Tomeroy and Lowe frequently with reference 
to the land office removal, and had consultations with the Kansas dele- 
gates in Congress separately and collectively, and could do nothing for a 
long while. I also calletl tm Secretary Delano and ascertained from him 
that Mr. Pomcniy had ilie control of such orders. I then saw Mr. Pome- 
roy again and wanted him to promise that the office should be removed 
when the "strip bill" passed, but he told me it could not be done, and 
advised me to return home. This conversation I think was in February. 
However, I have a record of all my conversations with the delegation and 
with every member thereof. I recorded the conversations inmiediately 
after the respective interviews occurred. Thereafter I called on General 
McEwen and presented my letter of introduction, and as our companion- 
ship grew he made me acquainted with the details of the Alice Caton 
scandal and showed me the original affidavits, similar in every respect to 
the printed affidavits circulated in this city recently. And now let me 
say here that I did not countenance the circulation of these affidavits 
during the late Senatorial canvass, but did renmrk to a friend that they 
were word for word of the original affidavits which 1 had then and have 
now in my trunk. After reading these affidavits in (ieneral Mc- 
Ewen's presence, I received permission to keep them, and the following 
evening called to see Senator Pomeroy at his private residence in W'ash- 
ington. I found him in the middle parlor. I think there were three 
parlors or reception rooms in his house, communicating with each other 
by folding doors. Senator Caldwell was there that evening and other 
gentlemen, and, I think, several ladies. Seeing Senator Pomeroy occu- 
pied, I requested the privilege of an interview at his committee room 
early the following morning,, and the Senator said he guessed the com- 
pany would then excuse us. and he invited me into the back parlor. We 
went to the further side of the room and sat down close together, my 
chair facing him. I said: 'Senator, you have all this time failed to ap- 
preciate the earnestneiss of my demands for the removal of the land office 



;26 UISTORY OF MUXT(iU.MERY COIXTY, KANSAS. 

to IiKleiieudeiue, and now I want to show you some docninents That will, 
I think, appt'al very forcibly to yon.' And thereupon 1 took from my 
pocket the affidavits referred to and showed them to him. He commenced 
reading and sotm his face began to change color. I leaned forward and 
put the question direct to him: 'Did you jio to Baltimore (naming the 
day) ; did you stop at Barnum's hotel?' He said he did. 1 then asked 
him if Alice Caton went to the same city the same day and sto])ped at 
the same hotel. He said she did go to BaJliiiiore that day. and he 
thought she stojjped at Barnum's hotel. I asked him if he did not room 

in Xo. . He said he could not recollect. I asked him if there was not a 

door directly communicating between his and her room. He denied that 
there was. and said he slept with a young man that night whose name 
he did not remember. At length he agreed to have the land office re- 
moved on the first of April, preferring that the scandal should not be 
revived as coming from a resjjectable source; and the land offiiv was 
removed to Independence according to agi-eement." 

In reply to a question by a member of the investigating committee 
as to the means he employed, Colonel York said he thought "they were 
questionable, but the peo]»le of Indei.)*^iidence sent me to Washington to get 
the land office and 1 got it." 

It has always been :i wonder how so astute and exjiericnced a pol 
itician as Senator I'omeroy could ]iul himself so entirely in the jjower of 
a political enemy ::s he did when he placed those packages of bills in 
York's hands to Imy his vie. especially in view of the fact that York was 
made secretary of the anti I'omeroy organization in the legislature, of 
which \V. A. Johnson, afterwards Justice of the Supreme Court, was 
chairman. The st(uy told above by York throws a flood of light on this 
(|uestion. York was not a stranger to I'omeroy. The latter naturally had 
concluded that the Montgomery county man was as unscrupulous as he 
was himself, and that he would employ any means, no matter how '"ques- 
tionable" to accomplish the purposes he had in view. York had black- 
mailed him into locating the Osage land office at Independence, and ho 
had evidently set him down as a bird of his own feather. That the man 
who would extort a favor foi- his town by a threat to expose Pomeroy's 
moral coirujilion to his const jiuents. would be any too good to pocket 
$S,(MI<) as the jirice of a vole for ilie same i-e]probate in the joint convention 
never seems to have occiired lo llial slalesniau. He would not have 
trusted a siranger in any such way. Inil a peddler of scandal! Why not 
c(nint him sale? 

So il is iliai liiii loi- liie removal of the land office to Independence 
it is eiiliiely iiii|M-. Iiali'c iliit York would ever have been in a position to 
"exiiose" i'(. menu's ( ni rii ja ion. Thus wtrangely are events linked to- 
gelhe: That York was an honest man is attested by his civil war record. 
.He was made captain in a negro regiment and ollcred an oi)Uortnnitv to 



III.STUUY OF MON'TliO.MEllY TurNTY, KANSAS. 2"] 

line his pockets bv putting fictitious iiaiiics mi ilic \\\\\ roll, aii<l dcfiaud- 
inj>- the ignorant negroes of their ]iav. 'I'liis hi' stcrnlv refused to do. and 
he was in ronst>(|ueiu-e ](roiiioted 1o he lieulenaiil colonel, whence liis 
title. 

It was in the same y(>ar. IS?:'., and only Ihi-ee months later, that 
York was again brought into prominence in an entirely ditVerent way, 
by the discovery of his brollu-v's body in that well-plowed garden of the 
Benders'. 

The Mont§:omery County High School 

During tlie fall and early winter of is'.ic, there was some talk about 
the establishment of a county high school at hideiiendence. and mention 
was made of the matter in the newspapers, as one which might come be- 
fore the legislature. On the 8d of February. 11S!I7. a bill was introduced 
in the Senate by Senator Young, providing that a high school for Mont- 
gomery county should V)e established at Indei)eudence. to be carried on 
under the jjrovisions of the general high school law of 1880. The same 
bill was introduced in the House by Representative Fulton, February 
4th, 1897. Immediately on the introduction of this bill in the Senate, 
the people of the county were notified of the fact through the columns of 
the Star and Kansan. and invited to exju'ess their ojiinion in regard to 
it in the following words, which will be found in ■■The Kdilor's Letter," 
written from Topeka by the Senator from this county, and published on 
February 5th, 1897 : 

A bill to establish a county high school at Independence was intro- 
duced in the Senate this morning. I should like to hear a general ex- 
I)ression from the people of the county as to the desiraliility of ])roviding 
facilities for higher education at home, thus saving a jiortion of the large 
sums now paid to send young men and women of our county to distant 
institutions of learning. 

Both the Senator and Representative from this county received a 
large number of letters urging the jiassage of this special act. and favor- 
ing the establishment of the school, while neither one of them received 
a communication opposing it. The bill was held nji for a time in the 
Senate committee, but when it became apparent that the jieoide inter- 
ested were making no opposition to the proposed school, it received a fav- 
orable report. It passed the Senate on February iOtli, 1897. without a 
dissenting voice, by a vote of 'I'l to 0. In the House there was some op- 
position to the bill in committee of the whole. Representative Weilep, of 
Cherokee cininty. speaking against it, but it was recommended for pas- 
sage February :i7th. 1897, and (Ui March l.'d, 18!»7. it i)assed that body by 
a vote of 97 to 1. the Senate liill in the meantime having been substituted 
for the House bill. It was signed by the governor March 5th, 1897, and 



HISTOIJV OF .M( 



ml) 



iMICltY COUNTY^ IvAX 

> ollicial stato pajic 



Mill 



;th, of 



Jnsl as soon as llie hill had been passed, howi'vcn-, considerable 
.opposition to Tlie scliool was dcvelojK'd in certain sections of the covinty, 
iioruL:;.- in S.vcaiiiore. ("heiry. Drum Creek, Louisburg and Cherokee 
lownshiiis. Meetings were held t() i)rotest against the establishuient of 
the school. ;iiid jietitious were widely circulated requesting the couuty 













THE MONTGOMIi 


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to a],point 


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it 


was 


agreed am 


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.nuht. t; 



own to be 
o action t. 



■;tile to the 
rrv out the 



t in April, isi»7, they took the matter 
ni that as there were six trustees to be 
pjiointed from each commissioner dis- 
s at that time consisted of 1'. S. Moore, 
if West Cherry; and David A. Cline, 
Icr fell that tl'ic .sent iiiient in their dis- 
t were luiwilliiig to attempt to nullify 



HISTORY OF .M0NT0O.MEUY C'OLNTY, KANi^AS. 29 

tli(> law hv making the appointiuents petitiomvl for. Fii.in the northern 
district Kevilo Newton, a banlcer of Cherryvale, and -M. L. Stephens, a 
farmer of I.ouisburg townsliip. were uauied. neither of whom were 
thought to heartily favor the school at llie time of their appointment. 
For the middle district William Dunkin, of Independence, a lawyer 
and capitalist, and Thomas Haydeu, a farmer of Liberty township, were 
selected. From the southern district. J. A. Moore, a farmer of Caney 
township, and E. A. Osborn, a stockman, of Coffeyville, were chosen. 
Both Dunkin and Hayden were enthusiastically in favor of the school. 
Moore also favored it,'while Osborn was not only opposed to it, but took 
little interest in the matter, attended but a few of the meetings, and de- 
clined to be a candidate at the following election. 

So far as the six trustees were concerned, the Board was equally 
divided between the friends of the school and those who were less fav- 
orably disposed toward it, but the law making the county superinten- 
dent n member of the board cr-officio and its chairman, prevented a dead- 
lock at any time. The board met for the first time on April 22d, 1897. 
and organized by electing Kevilo Newton secretary and ^^"m. Dunkin 
treasurer. 

I'nder the general high school law, a site for the building was re- 
quired to be furnished without expense to the county. On May 28th the 
board accepted the offer of the city of Independence to furnish a piece of 
ground 300 feet square, comprising a block of land in the southwest 
corner of out-lot .5 for this purpose. It was also stipulated in the con- 
tract with the city, that a sewer connection should be furnished without 
expense to the county. On tlie following day it was voted to make to the 
county commissioners a certified estimate of six mills on the dollar as the 
amotmt of tax needed to erect a suitable building. On this proposition 
the six trustees were tied, three of them, namely : Messrs. Osborne, New- 
ton and Stephens, being in favor of making the levy tw'o mills a year for 
three years. The six-mill proposition was. liowever. adopted by the decid 
ing vote of President Dollisou. At this meeting H. :M. Hadley, of Topeka, 
was elected architect of the board. 

On September 7th the plans and specihcations j»repared by Mr. 
Hadley were accepted and the board advertised for bids for the constv- 
tion of the building in accordance therewith. 

At a meeting held on October 2Sth. ten bids were submitted for the 
whole or part of the work, and on the following day the bid of M. P. T. 
Ecret to erect the building for |1!),.d47 was accepted; also the bid of 
W. A. ^lyrick. to furnish the heating and ventilating appratus and to do 
the plumbing for gas and water, for f3,530. This made the total contract 
price for the building |2:;.077. 

Meanwhile the opponents of the school had not been idle. They had 
temployed Hon. T. J. Hudson, of Fredoiiia. as their attorney, and on Sep- 



30 HISTORY OF MONTGOJIEKV COVNTY, KANSAS. 

teniber 14th. 1807. they filed in the district com-t of the ((unity, a jietition 
iiskin*; for a restraining order to ]irevent the levying i>v cdl lection of the 
tax for the bnilding. and to forbid the trustees from doing anything 
further looking toward its erection, or the establislinieut of the school. 
Lewis Billings, of I>runi Creek, and seventeen others, were named as 
])laintitts in this petition. 

The case came on for hearing at the Xdveiiilier term of couit, and on 
the :.'9th day of that month .Indgc Skidisiore granted the injunction 
prayed for. fortifying his action by an extended opinion. The ground 
on which this order was asked and granted was the claim that the special 
act establishing the school was unconstitutional, for the reason that a 
general law was applicable. This point had been raised iu the supreme 
court and overruled when the Labette county high school was established 
by a similar special law; and two of the three judges who concurred iu 
tiiat opinion were still on the bench, so that the chance of winning the 
case in the final outcome did not seem esi)ecially promising. Neverthe- 
less. Judge Skidmore reversed the sujireme coui't with a great deal of 
alacrity, and the work of the tinstccs came to a ^*tandstill, while the case 
was carried up to the suiircmc court. 

By the terms of the injnintion. the county commissioners were for- 
bidden to make a levy of tlic tax for the building, the county clerk was 
forbidden to extend this levy on the tax books, and the county treasurer 
was forbidden to collecr it. The original petition for a restraining order 
had been made in the jirobate c(nirt ; but as it had been refused there, by 
the time (he case was decided in the district c(uirt. the tax had been 
levied and extended on the books. J. K. Blair, who was county treas- 
urer, therefore refused to accejit any jiortion of any tax unless the county 
high school tax was ]iaid. so that the collection of the money for the 
building fund went right on. in spite of liie injunction. Nor was any at- 
tempt made to ininisli Mr. lilair for contemiil of court in doing what the 
law comiielled him to do. in making the collection. 

While this case was pending, the oiijuments of the school hoped to 
elect a board of trustees at the Novend)er electi(ni who were opj)osed to 
the school. The Republican convention, which was held Septendier ISth, 
•■o'^jniinated Messrs. Dunkin, Hayden and Moore who were friendly to 
the . !,ool. and three more candidates who were thought to be unfriendly. 
The I'o])ulists and Democratic conventions, held September 2'Jth, agreed 
in conference committee to noniinale the old board with the exception of 
Majoi Osborne, who jiositively declined to jiermit his name to be used. 
In his jilace .Vdam Beatty. of Cherokee township, was named. The elec- 
tion of either the Keimblican or the fusion candidates would have insured 
a majority favorable to the school. So the plan adojited to defeat it was 
to vole for the three unfavorable candidates on the Keindilican ticket and 
the most liike-w.-iini li.embers of the old board. Ciivnlais were dislrihuled 



HISTORY OK MONTCiOlIEUV COfNTY. KANSAS. 3I 

nl iiKist (if ili(> polling i)lares advising that tiiis be done. The result was 
till" election i>( the old board, with Mr. Beatty. by overwhelming major- 
ities. The totals ranging from 3.459 votes for Thomas Hayden to 2.!l3() 
for Eevilo Newton while the largest vote cast for an avowedly oi)posing 
candidate was 2.622. This vote etfectnally settled the (jnestion as to the 
feeling of the people, and also as to the possibility of defeating the school 
by electing an unfriendly board. 

On January 11th. 1898, the new board organized by electing William 
Dunkin secretary and Revilo Newton treasurer. The question how long 
each trustee should serve was decided by lot, Hayden and Newton draw- 
ing the three-year term, DunUin and Moore the two-year term and 
Stevens and Realty the one-year. 

After various posti)onements and delays the case in the supreme court 
was decided May 7th, and the judgment of the lower court reversed. This 
dissolved the injunction and left the trustees free to proceed with the 
erection of the building. On -Tune 14th the contract with M. P. T. Ecret 
was (hanged so as to include H. A. Hrewster & Co. with him. W. A. My- 
rick at the same time transferred his contract foi- plumbing to E. \. 
Chaney. of Topeka. 

(Jround was broken for the building Monday, June 2((th, 1898; and 
on June 29th W. H. Hack was appointed superintendent of construction. 
From that time the work was pushed rapidly all through the summer and 
fall, so that by Thanksgiving the walls were up and the work of roofing 
was in progress. 

It was on Monday, November 28th, that a very pleasant impromiitu 
affair occured at the building. The tower was already in place, and noth- 
ing rensained to finish it except to paint the tin of the roof. A portion of 
the scaffolding the builders had used still surrounded this tower. Miss 
Mena Jones, a young lady of Sycamore township, and a daughter of 
William Jones, had expressed a willingness to raise the American flag 
upon a staff at one corner of this tower. She proved her grit and the 
steadiness of her nerves by climbing the tower, walking erect and unat- 
tended along a narrow plank near the top, at the same time waving her 
hands to acquaintances in the street a hundred feet below, as coolly as if 
she were standing on the firm earth. She attached the flag to the staff, 
and it was greeted with a ringing cheer from the group gathered on the 
roof, followed by another for the plucky girl who had performed the dar- 
ing feat. 

Tlip work of plastering and inside linishing proceeded through the 
winter of 1808-99, and by the first of April the building was practically 
completed, though some minor details prevented its foi-mal acceptance 
by the trustees at the hands of the contractors until June fith, 1899. On 
August 1st, 1898, the trustees made an estimate fixing 1% mills as the 
fiuciint of tax levy neeced to raise a sum sufficient to furnish the build- 



22 HISTOUY OK MONT<;OMEKY COUNTY. KANSAS. 

ing, pay for all further iniproveineiits. and run the school until the close 
of 181)9. 

At the November election of 1898. Adam Beatty was re-elected tnis- 
tee and P. H. Fox. of Fawn Creek townshiji. was elected to take the place 
of M. L. Stephens. 

March 20th. 18!»0. the board elected Samuel M. Xees, who had for nine 
years previous been at the head of the Independence city schools, as 
principal. 

A contract for furuiline for the Iniilding was made with O. C. Clark 
& Co., of Cleveland, Ohio, on April 11th. This included 500 opera chairs, 
300 single desks. 9 teachers" desks, and 1327 feet of solid rock slate for 
black-boards. The contract price was $1,721.82, and the next highest bid 
was about §1,200 more. 

J t was decided on April 25th to elect three gentlemen and two ladies, 
\vh(j, with the princii>al, shoiild constitute the faculty, at salaries of f750 
per annum each, for the former, and ^(iOO for the latter. T. B. Henry, W. 
E. Ringle, Richard Allen, Georgia Cubine and Lura Bellamy were elected 
to these positions. 

At the meeting on June 6th, after the building had been received 
from the contractors, a course of study was agreed upon and a set of by- 
laws for the government of the school adopted. 

At the meeting on June 28th the tax levy for 18!l!t was fixed at 2 
mills. Rules and regulations were adopted and a list of text books 
agreed upon July 18th. 

On Monday, September 4th, 180!», the school was opened with very 
simple ceremonies. After prayer by Rev. S. S. Estey, short addresses 
were made by President Dollis<m of the board of trustees, Mr. Estey, 
Principal Nees, and other members of the faculty. The enrollment of 
pupils during the first week of school exceeded* 200, and the school, 
which had been so long in jirej^aration and so bitterly fought over, was 
fairlv launched among the institutions of the state devoted to the higher 
education. 

Classes in the following subjects were organized for the first term : 
Beginning Latin, Ciesar, Cicero, Algebra, Geometry, I'sychology, Greek, 
Physics, Chemistry, Zoology, General History, Bookkeping, Vocal Music, 
German. Rhetoric. English Literature, Arithmetic and Physical Geog- 
raphy. 

At this point it is fitting to bear testinumy to the fidelity and de- 
votion with which the members of the original board of trustees per- 
formed their duties, and the intelligence and zeal with which they labored 
to provide a home for and build up a school which w<iuld he a credit not 
only to all connected with its establishmcnr, bnt to the c(ninty and the 
state as well. Ii mutln-cd nut :it ull that son f tlicni had been at first 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 33 

opposed to the undeitakiug; no sooner did they put their hands to the 
work tlian it began to grow broader and higher in their minds, and they 
became inspired with the ambition to make everything the best. The im- 
mense possibilities of good, not only for the young people of today, but 
for the generations to eome, loomed up before them as they became inter- 
ested in the work, and they gave to it time without stint, and their best 
energies. As a result they could rejoice in having been instrumental in 
providing for Montgomery county a High School that admittedly ranks 
at the head of schools of its class in the state, both in its material equip- 
ment and in the character of the work it is doing. 

At the November election of 1899, E. P. Alien and Wilson Kincaid, 
both business men of Independence, though candidates on opposing tick- 
ets, were elected trustees. At the meeting held January 8th, 1900, the 
new board organized by electing Thomas Hayden, Vice-President; P. H. 
Fox, t^ecretary; and Eevilo Newton, Treasurer. 

The Dalton Raid at Coffeyville 

In all the annals of trinie in our country, few if any events have fur- 
nished more dramatic incidents or created more of a sensation than the 
raid if the Daltons at Coffeyville, on the morning of Wednesday, October 
5th, 1-p^- - There have been other bank robberies where larger amounts 
of nioTi&y have been at stake, and some in which better known bandits 
and outlaws have participated, but in the sanguinary nature of the strug- 
gle, the number of shots fired, and the victims on both sides, the Coffey- 
ville affair must stand preeminent. 

The "I'alton Cang," whose leaders organized aind perpetrated this 
raid had already arquired an unenviable rejmtation as outlaws and train 
robbers, and were ready for any crime if the stakes were large enough. 
Three of the Dalton brothers, with two ordinary criminals of the sort 
that could be j)icked up almost anywhere in the Indian Territory, con- 
stituted the party. The Dalton family originally consisted of Lewis Dal- 
ton and his wife, whose maiden name was Adaline Lee Younger, and who 
was born in Cass county, Missouri, in the neighborhood whence came 
other Youngers, who achieved notoriety as bank I'obbers. They were the 
parents of thirteen children, of whom two died in infancy. The family 
were not strangers at Coffeyville, having settled in that vicinity in 1882 
and remained there until the opening of Oklahoma in 1889. In fact, 
Lewis Dalton remained in this county until his death, at Dearing, in 
1890. The rest of the family went to Oklahoma and took up claims. The 
old people seem to have been jieaceable and law-abiding, but three of the 
boys became deputy T'nited States marshals in the Indian Territory, one 
of tlu-m also serving for a .^liorl time as chief of jiolice of the Osage Na- 
tion. Familiarifv with crin.e and a<i|naintance with outlaws in the.se 



The Dill tons 


are cr 


edited wiili inn 


territory about i \ 
so far as know n, 
tlie enrly i)art of 


il,i'.\ 1 


rs pivvi.Mis t.. r 
.M,k 111,- liisi de 
liailon. Willia 


(■(1 fur train roltlx 


n-y in 


Tulare county. 



34 iiisTOKV OF MoxT(;oMi:i;v cointv. Kansas. 

positions seems to have developed a passion for criminal adventure, which 
may have been also, to some extent, a matter of heredity on their mother's 
side, (iratton, Emmet and Robert were the Halrons in the gang, and the 
two other mend)ers of the quintette who r.-iidi-d tin- t 'olleyville banks were 
known as Kill Powers and Dick P.roadwi-il. Itiilicri, the leader of the 
gang, was only 22 years of age. while i:niiuct was a mere boy two years 
younger. (Jratton was 31. 

slcih'u a herd of cattle in the 
vents to be here narrated, and 
in outlawry at that time. In 
lid Emmet I>alton were arrest- 
iforuia. Emmet escaped, Wil- 
liam was ac(|nitted, and Gratton was convicted and sentenced to twenty 
years in the i>eniteutiary. He escaped from the county jail before being 
taken to Eolsom, and there was a standing reward of |<),0(I0 offered for 
(Jiaiion and Emmet by the Southern I'acitic Railway at the time these 
men inel their fate at Coffeyville. Tn :\lay ISIM there was a train robbery 
by masked men at NVharton, Imliiiii 'rcnii..i\, ..n i In- Santa Fe Railroad; 
and in July of the same year aiimlii-i' :ii Ad.iir, mi the ^lissouri, Kansas iV: 
Texas botii of which were credited To the l»allMns. 

On the morning of the ( 'otfeyville raid, the tjve nM-n mentioned were 
seen by several ]ieople riding toward that city, an<l they were taken, in 
every instance, for a Enited Stal<-x Hepnty Marshal and'his posse. They 
<ame in cm the main road fnnii lln- west, turned south (me block from the 
business part of town and hitched ili,-ir horses in the alley running 
hack from Slossen's drug store, which has since become famous as "the 
Alley .if Death." They then started down the alley, (Jratton. with Pow- 
ers and Proadwell in front, and Emmet and Bob following. As they 
crossed the sidewalk, on emergiii- fmni the alley, they passed withiii 
five feet of a citizen who was acnmiiitcd with theni well "enough to recog- 
nize them in sjiite of the disguises ihey had assumed on coming into 'a 
locality where Ihey were so well known. A moment later he saw the three 
men who weic in front enter ('. .M. (•(imhrn ^\; ( 'o."s bank and present a 
Winclicster at the cashier's counter. He raised the alarm at once. 

.Meantime the other two had crossed Fnicm street and entered the 
First National bank. They were followed by some citizens who suspected 
their object and the alarm was sjieedily raised on the east side of the 
plaza, also. Immediately half a dozen men rushed to the hardware stores 
of Isham P.ros. & :Mansur and A. P. P.oswell c^c C... on the east side of 
Enion street, and iiroceeded to provide themselves with rilles ;ind ammii 
nition, deiei-mined that the bank robbers should nol -el ;iway if it was 
possible to pi-event it. 

In Condon .V Co.'s hank were ('. T. Carpenter, one of the iiroiirietors. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 35 

Chas 51. Ball, the casliicv, ami T. V. Babb, the bookkeeper. The leader of 
the raiders, (irat. I>alt<iii. ordered the men behind the counter to throw 
up their hands; and on lookin*;- up from his work at the desk. Mr. Car- 
penter saw three Winchesters aimed at his head, and heard such reassur- 
ing words as these : 

"We have got you, O d .von 1 Hold up .your hands" 

As soon as Daltou had passed around into the inside of the eucdosure 
at the bank, he ordered Mr. Ball to hold a grain sack he had brought with 
liirn, while Carpenter was told to put the money in the canvas sacks in the 
safe into it. There was $3,000 in silver in the three sacks, and when he 
had got that Daltou ordered Mr. Ball to open the burglar proof chest in 
the vault. Ball replied : 

"It is not time for it 1o o]ien." ^ ^ /1RQ1 Q 

"What time does it o]ien?'" asked (ivatton. J— L'iO^XO 

"Half pa.st nine." answered r..ill. guessing what o'clock it might be, 
sparring for time. 

"What time is it now?" cjueried llie bandit. 

"Twenty minutes past nim-." glibly answered Ball, looking at his 
watch. 

As a matter of fact, it was twenty minutes of ten, but Daltou did 
not know this and calmly proposed to wait until the chest could be 
opened. In a moment or two he began to suspect the truth and turned on 
Ball and cursed him and threatened to put a bullet through him. With 
the money from the counter the robbers now had .f4.000,"but the firing 
which had begun from the outside was getting so hot that the robbers 
ordered the sack carried into the back room, where the currency was 
sorted out and the silver left. The bankers and two customers who hap- 
pened to be in when the raid was made, were lying on the floor now to 
escape the rain of bullets that came crashing through the plate glass. 
Broadwell had already received a bullet in the arm that disabled him, 
and the robbers nuide Imste to get out into the street whence they had 
come. 

Meanwhile, a good deal had been happening at the First Xational 
across the street. Bob i>alton and Emmet entered here about the same 
time the other three men went into Condon's. They covered the cashier, 
Thomas G. Avers, and the teller, W. H. Hhepard, with their guns and 
ordered everyone present to hold up his hands. The men in the bank in 
front of the counter at ihe time were J. H. Brewster, the well known con- 
tractor, who built the county court house, A. W. Kuotts, who was after- 
ward deputy sherift, and C. L. Hollingsworth. Leaving Emmet on guard 
in front. Bob went around to the rear and entered the private room, where 
he fo)ind Bert S. Ayres. the boid^keejier. and ordered him to go to the 
front and get the money on the counter. He then ordered the cashier to 



35 




lIlSTOltV ( 


)1- M 


lii-iiijr liiiii 


Iho 


nioiu'V tlia 


1 Wil 


i;ot \v(int 


into 


the v'iUllt 1 


llilll^ 


rainiiiji ti\ 


•(' Uv 


imsand doll 


a IS 



in the safe, and not satisfied with what he 
If and took two jiackajies of ctiiTency con- 
each, and added them to the collection in his 
sack, which now amounted to .|;2(l.(Ml(l. Oiderin<;- the bank foire and cus- 
tomers out befoi-e them, tlie bandits started to ,ud (Uit the front door, but 
some shots drove them back and tliey then retreated by a back door. 

Right at this time tlie murderous work began. 8o far, only two men 
liad been wounded, Broadwell. on the inside of ('ondon's bank, and 
<'harles T. (Jum]), wlio had taken a jiosition outside of the First National 
with a gun ready to slioot at the r)l(bers when they started out. I'.i>l) 
B alton fired a shot which srnck him in the hand and disabled him. 
When tlie two robl)ers emerged from tlie rear door of the First National, 
liaviiig the teller. M'r. Sliepard with them, they came across Lucius M. 
I'.aldwiii. a cUmIc from Kecnl I'.rotheis" store. He was holding a revolver 
at Ills side and <oming forward as if to join the others. Both the Daltons 
leveled their \\'inchesters at liim and commanded him to stoj). For some 
reason he failed to obey and kept moving toward tliem. Bob remarked, 
••{"ll have to get that man," and jiulled the trigger which sent a bullet 
tliroiij;li Baldwin's breast near the heart. He was only about fifty feet 
away at the tim(>. He was ]iick(>d ui) by friends and carried away but 
only surviwd for about three hours. 

The Daltons ran north up the alley to I-^ighth street and turned west 
when they reached that street, ^^■hen they got as far as Union street on 
the east side of the Plaza, they looked down that street to the south and 
tired a couple of shots, apijarently for the purpose of friglitening their 
assailants away. liy the time they had reached the middle of the street 
on their way a.-ross to tlie "Little block" in the center of the Plaza, they 
discerned (ieorge Cubine standing in the doorway of Rainmel Brothers' 
drug store, which adjoined the First National bank building on tlie north. 
He had a Winchester in his hand and was looki'ng the other way, toward 
the door of the bank from which he was expecting to see the outlaws 
emerge. They each fired twice at him, and as the four shots rang out, lie 
fell to the pavement lifeless, with one bullet through his heart, another 
through his left thigh and a third through his ankle. The fourth ball 
went astray and crashed through the plate glass window of the store 
beliini] him. Charles Brown, an old man whose place of busines.s was 
next north of the drug store, rushed out to assist the fallen man; but see- 
ing that lie was dead, seized the Winchester Cubiiie had and turned it 
on his slayers. Four more deadly shots rang out from the bandits' guns, 
and Brown fell bleeding and dying. He stiivi\ed three hours in drea Iful 
agony and then jiassed away. 

These three murders had been commilt<'d in l.'ss time than it has 
taken to tell it, l!v this time the Italtoiis cauuht si^lii of another iiia-i 



HISTORY OF M0XT(;0MER1' COUNTY, KANSAS. 37 

Ts-ho was watching the entrance of the bank, ready to fii-e when they 
should emerge. When turned out of the bank at the time the outlaws 
started to come out the front way, Cashier Ayre s ran into Isham's hard- 
ware store, just to the south, and procured a Winchester, with which he 
took a position in the doorway, where he could command the enti'ance 
to the bank. As they were stepping up on to the sidewalk on the west 
side of Union street, and across the street from the Eldridge House, Bob 
took deliberate aim at Ayres, who was about seventy-five yards distant, 
and fired a bullet which struck him in the cheek, just below his left eye 
aind came out at the back of his head near the base of the skull. He fell 
bleeding and unconscious and for days hung between life and death, but 
finally recovered. 

Just at this time, (irntlon and his companions had reached the alley 
adjoining Slosson's store, up which tlicy had left their horses, and before 
the prostrate form of Mr. Ayres could be removed they fired nine shots 
into the front of the building where he lay. Bob and Emmet proceeded 
west on Eighth street and were not noticed again until they reappeared 
near the junction of the two alleys, having come down back of Wells 
Brothers' store. Their escape would have been comparatively easy, had 
they not returned to that spot, but made a break for the open country and 
taken the first horse they came across. 

As it was, the whole force of the bandit band was now gathered in 
what has since been known as "the Alley of Death," and there they all 
fell beneath the bullets of the volunteers for law and order, though not 
until another good citizen lost his life. For the facts thus far published 
we are indebted to the painstaking and carefully written work published 
by Colonel I). Stewart Elliott, of the Cofteyville Journal, entitled: "Last 
Raid of the Daltons;" and for the story of the concluding scenes of that 
raid we can do no better than to reproduce the chapter of that work on 
"The Alley of Death" almost verbatim. 

When the alarm was first given that the banks were being robbed, 
Henrv HI Isham, the senior member of the firm of Isham Bi'others & 
Mausur, was busy with a customer, as were two clerks in the store, Lewis 
T. J)ietz and T. Arthur Reynolds. This store not only adjoined the First 
National bank ou the south, but from its front a clear view is to be had 
acro«s the I'laza and up the alley at the west side to which the Daltons 
first came and to which they finally retreated. Mr. Isli:nn ilismissed his 
customer, closed his safe, and, grasping a Winchester, siaiiniinl liimself 
near a steel range in the front of the store where he could sec :ill that was 
going on in the front part of Condon's bank. Dietz snatched a revolver 
and stationed himself close to Isham, while Reynolds, having observed 
the robbers enter the banks, was so eager to prevent their escape that he 
seized a Winchester, ran out upon the sidewalk and commenced firing 



38 HISTORY OF .MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

upon the robber who was statioDed near the southeastern door of the 
Condon bank. A shot from the hitter's rifle struck some intervening ob- 
ject and glanced and hit Reynolds on the right foot at the base of the 
little toe. coming out at the "instep. He was the third man wounded in 
the store, and was now forced to leave the field. Indeed, with its blood- 
bespalteded floor, the store now began to look like a slaughter house or 
a section of a battle field. M. N. Anderson, a carpenter, who had been at 
work a couple of blocks away, now arrived and took the Winchester Rey- 
nolds had dropped and stationed himself beside Isham, where he per- 
formed valiant service until the close of the engagement. Charles K. 
t^mith. a young m:m from a barber shop near Isham's store, also procured 
a \\'incliester and joined the forces in the luudware store in time to help 
exterminate the gang. 

From five to nine shots were fired by eath man who iiaiidled a Win- 
chestei- at this point. The principal credit, however, for the successful 
and fatal work dtme at the store was due to Mr. Isham. Cool and col- 
le<-te(l. he gave directions to his comiianioiis and at the same time kept his 
own gun at work. 

The moment that (irat. l>alton and his rouiiiani.ins. ]»iik I'.roadwel! 
and Kill Powers, left the Condon bank after looting it, they came under 
the guns of the men in Ishanr's store. Grat. Dalton and Bill I'owers each 
received mortal wounds before they had gone twenty steps. The dust 
was seen to fly from their clothing, and Powers in his despei'ation at- 
tempted to take refuge in the doorway of an adjoining store, but the door 
was locked and no one answered his request to be let in. He kept his feet 
and clung to his Winchester until he reached his horse, when another ball 
struck him in the back and he fell dead at its feet. (irat. Dalton, getting 
under cover of an oil tank which had been driven into the alley just about 
the time the raid was made, managed to reach the side of a barn on the 
south side of the alley, about two hilndred feet from Walnut street. The 
])oint Mhere he stopped was out of the range of the guns at Isham's on 
account of an intervening outside stairway. He stood here for a few 
minutes firing wild shots down the alley toward the Plaza. 

.Vbont this time John J. Kkiehr, a liveryman. Carey Seaman, and the 
City ."Marshal, Charles T. Connelly, who were at the south end of the 
Plaza, near Reeds' store, started uj) Ninth street so as to intercept the 
gang before they could reach their horses. Connelly ran across a vacant 
lot to an opcniiig in llic fence at the alley, right at the corner of the barn 
where <!r:ii. Dalion was slill standing. There he sprang ilnto the alley, 
facing the west where tlic horses were hitched. This movement brought 
him with his back toward ilie iiiurdei-ous Dalton, who was seen to raise 
his Winchester to his side ami. without taking aim, fired a shot into the 
back of the brave olli,-er. (^miiellv fell forward on his face, within 



lllSTOItV OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 39 

Iwcnlv fwt of where his innrdeier stood. He breathed his hist just as the 
tight ended, 

Dielv r.roadweil. in llie meantime, had reaelied cover in the Long- 
Hell Lumber Companv"s vaids, where he lay down for a few moments. 
He was wounded in the back. A lull occurred in the firing after Grat 
Dalton and Bill Towers had fallen. Broadwell tood advantage of this 
and crawled out of his hiding place, mounted his horse and rode away. 
A bail from Kloehr's ritle, and a load of shot from a gun in the hands of 
Carey teaman, overtook him before he had ridden twenty feet. Bleeding 
and dying he clung to his horse ;n!(l passed out of the city over a portion 
of the' road by which the pMiiy eiilered it not more than twenty minutes 
befovc. His body was suhsiM|\ieiiiiy found by the roadside half a mile 
west of the city, and his horse with its trappings was captured near 
where he fell. 

Almost at the same moment that JIarslial Connelly went down be- 
fore the deadly ritle of Grat. Dalton, Bob and Emmet emerged from the 
alley by which they had left Eighth street in their eftoi-t to rejoin the rest 
of the party where their horses had been left. They had not met with 
any resisteuce iu passing from where they had shot Cub^ne, Brown and 
Ayros, as the firing toward the south end of the Plaza had attracted gen- 
eral attention iu another direction. The north and south alley through 
which they reached "the Alley of Death," has its terminus opposite the 
rear end of Slosson's store. When they reached the junction of the al- 
leys, they discovered F. D. Benson climbing through a rear window with 
a gun in his hand. Divining his object. Bob fired at him point blank, at a 
distance of not over thirty feet. The shot missed. Bob then stepped into 
the alley and glanced xip at the tops of the buildings as if he suspected 
the fusilade that was pouring into the alley came from that direction. 
As he did so, the men at Isham's took deliberate aim from their positions 
in the store and fired at him. The notorious leader of the Dalton gang 
evidently received a severe if not fatal wound at this time. He stagger- 
ed across the alley and sat down on a pile of dressed curbstones near the 
city jail. Still true to his desperate nature, he kept his rifle in action and 
fired several shots from where he was sitting. His aim, though, was un- 
steady and the bullets went wild. While sitting on the rocks he espied 
.John Kloehr on the inside of the fence near Slosson's store. He tried to 
raise his Winchester to his shoulder, but could not, and the shot intended 
for Kloehr struck the side of an outhouse and failed in its mission. Bob 
Dalton then made his supreme eftort. He arose to his feet and sought 
refuge alongside of an old barn west of the city jail, and, leafning against 
the southwest corner of the building he brought his rifle into action again 
and fired two shots in the direction of his pursuers. They were his last 
shots. A ball from Kloehr's rifle struck him full in the breast and he fell 



40 HISTORY OF .MONTIiOMERY liUNTY. KANSAS. 

over backward aiiioiig the stones wliirli coveicd the i;i-(nnul there, aud 
which were reddened with his life bludd. 

After shoot ins Marshal C.innelly. (irat. I>alt<>n made aiiuther at- 
tempt to reach his horse. He passed l.y his fallen vidini. ahid had ad- 
vanced probably twenty feet from where he was standing when he fired 
the fatal shot;" then tnrning his face i.i his pursuers he again at- 
tempted to use his Winchester. John Kloehr's rille blazed out again 
now. and the oldest member of the band drojiped with a bullet in his 
throat and a broken neck. He fell within a few feet of the dying marshal. 

I']) to this time Emmet Dalton had managed to escape untouched. 
He k(-i>t under shelter after he reached the alley until he attempted to 
moiiiJ his horse. A half dozen ritles were then fired in Ins direction, as 
he nndertook to get into the saddle. The two intervening horses belong- 
ing to Hob Dalton aud Bill Powers were killed by some of the shots in- 
tended tor Emmet; and the two horses attached to the oil tank-wagon 
being directly in range received fatal wounds. Emmet succeeded in get- 
ting into the saddle, but not until he had received a shot through the 
right arm and an.other thi-ough the left hi]i and groin. During all this 
time he had clung to Ihe sack conlaiHing the UHiney he had taken from 
the First National bank. .\ml ihcn. instead of riding off, as he might 
have done, Emmet boldly and conrageonsly rode back to what he must 
have known was almost certain death and came up beside where Bob 
was lying and attempted to lift his dying brother onto the horse with 
him. "It's no use," faintly whispered the fallen bandit, and just then 
Carey Seaman fired the contents of both barrels of his shot-gun into 
Emmet's back, as he was leaning over the prostrate form of his leadei- 
and tutor in crime. The youthful desperado dropped from his horse and 
the last of the Dalton gang was helpless. In falling, the sack containing 
the tvrenty thousand dollars he had jierilled his soul and body to get went 
down witii him, and he l;;|nde(l al the feet of his brolher. P.ol.'. who breath- 
ed his last a moment later. 

Citizens who had followed close after the robbers, and some of whom 
were close at hand when they fell, immediately surrounded their bodies. 
Emmet responded to the command to hold u]( his hands by raising his 
uninjured arm and making a jtathetic appeal for mercy. Lynching was 
suggested, but better councils prevailed and he was taken to the office of 
a surgeon, who dressed his wounds. He i-ecovered with the quick elasti- 
city of youth and was taken to the jail at Independence, where, in the 
following March, he jdeaded guilty to murder in the second degree and 
was sentenced to a ninety-nine years' term in the i)enitentiary, ten of 
whii-li he has .-ilready served. His aged mother is untiring in her 
etVoits to secnie i.ardOn and ft lom for her wayward boy. but no 



HISTORY OF MOXTGOMERY COUNTY;, KANSAS. 4! 

governor has yet dared to brave the indignation of the friends of the vic- 
tims of the raid by granting her prayer. 

I^ss than fifteen minutes had elapsed from the time the raiders en- 
tered the banks until four of tliem were dead and the others helpless with 
wounds. And it was only twelve minutes from the firing of the first shot 
until the last one sounded the knell of the Dalton gang. 

Summarizing the reports, it appears that eighty bullet marks and 
numerous evidences of the impact of small shot were visible on the south 
front of Condon's bank when the battle ended. Not more than fifteen 
guns were actively engaged iu the fight on both sides; and yet eight peo- 
ple were killed and three wounded. While all the citizens who were 
killed or wounded were armed, (ieorge Cubine was the only one of them 
who had fired a shot before being striu-k down. Amtfng the scores of by- 
standers and onlookers about the I'laza. including many girls and little 
chidren. not one was struck by a sh(»rt or bullet. It was war, an^d very 
sanguinary war, while it lasted, the percentage of victims to combatants 
being greater than iu :',ny battle that was not a massacre; but no wild 
shooting was done. 

While the i)eople of Coffeyville wiped out the outlaw gang at a terri- 
ble cost of valuable lives, they insured their city against any more such 
visitations during the lifetime of the present generation, and conferred a 
service upon the state and upon society by demonstrating how risky and 
unprofitable such raids are likely to prove. 



CIIAI'TER 111. 
The Press of Montgomery County 

BY H. W. YOUNG. 

There is a fascination about the newspaper business which even 
those who have spent their lives in the editor's chair would find it hard 
to exi)]aiu. Certainly it must have been this fascination, i-ather than the 
pecuniary reviards in sight, which have induced three score and ten men 
to establish newspapers in nine different localities in Montgomery county. 
For of all the seventy or more publications which have .been started in 
this county as local newspapers, there is only one which has as yet placed 
its jnoj-.rietors in independent circumstances, given them any bank ac- 
count to sjicak of. (ir enabled them to become landowners on any but the 
most limited scale. And the success which has attended this exceptional 
venture, is without question, attributable to the public patronage it has 
enjoyed rather than to profits from the sources of income accessible to all 
newspapers alike, as the rewards of industry, energy and perseverance. 

Before attempting even the briefest mention of the scores of news- 
papers which have been born and lived their short lives within our bor- 
ders, it is fitting to refer a little more in detail to the men and the papers 



42 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

wliich have kept their places lougest ou tlie slippery surface where falls 
have been so frequeut. 

The only newspaper in the tdiinty which has ever reached its ma- 
jority under the same ownershi]i and nianaf;enient is the one referred to 
above as the one instance of financial success. The South Kansas 
Tribune, of ln(lc|.cii,l,.|i. r. was established in March, 1871. W. T. Yoe, one 
of the present ]ir(i|irict(n s. Iii'Iiijl; a half owner, and the other half being 
the pro]ierty of the law lirni of Yoik & llunii)hrey; though Humphrey's 
name alone a])]iearcd as repiesenting this interest and York was a silent 
jiarfnei-. This partneisliip contiinued only aliout a year, when George W. 
Bnicbard jmrchased York & Ifuniphrey's interest, and became editor of 
the paper, with W. T. Yoe as local or associate editor. At this time the 
Tribune was the best edited [taper in the county, and perhaps in this sec- 
tion of the state. This arrangement continued until 1S74. when Mr. Burch- 
ard's Republicanism became so attenuated that the only way to preserve 
the ])olitical integrity of the paper was to remove him from his position. 
Mr. Yoe accordingly bought him out. aind his interest was transferred to 
Charles Yoe who has ever since been associated in its publication. For 
the twenty-nine years since, this ]iaiier has kejtt the even tenor of its way, 
as a defender of tlic licpuMiian faiili; and its unwavering adherence to 
that organizalion has made it one of the landmarks of journalism in 
Southeastern Kansas. Its publishers have become comparatively weal 
thy; and while it has never reached the highest levels of journalism, it 
has never sunk to the lowest dejtths. It has been careful and conserva- 
tive, and it is usually found on the popular side of public cpiestions. It 
has not only enjoyed a lucrative income from the county jirinting almost 
uninlerrupledly for the past twenty years, but its senior editor has held 
such jiaying official positions as member of the State Board of Trustees 
of Charitable Institutions, and iKistmaster of the City of Independence, 
while llie junior member was until recently secretary of the same board. 

^ext to the Y'oes, the second oldest editor and publisher, in the time 
s]ieii' on Montgomery county newspapers, is H. W. Y'oung. now of the 
Kansas Pojjulist, but heretofore publisher of the Coffeyville Star, the In- 
dcjicndcnce Star and the Star and Kansan. ilr. Y'oung rekons nineteen 
years (!e\()1ed to editorial work in ^Montgoniery county and has held the 
olliccs of Keceiver of the United States Land Office at Independence and 
Slate Senator for the Montgomery county district. By his frequent 
changes and his impulsive — some would say erratic — methods of con- 
ducting a ncwspajicr Mr. Young has illustrated the old adage that "a roll- 
ing stone gathcis no moss;" and while friends have often commended his 
ncwsiiapci- as ••llic best in tli(> county." he has never demonstrated any 
sjiecial ability as a iiioney get tcr. 

T. X. Sickcls. of the l>aily Kcpoitcr. of Independence, conies third 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 43 

ill l(Mij;11i (if service, having liecoiiie proprietor of that paper iln May, 
ISSd, aud having published it uninterruptedly since, with the exception 
of three or four years spent in the pension office at Topeka during Presi- 
dent Harrison's administration, when it was in charge of his son, Walter. 
Mr. Sickels is one of the few men who have been able to make a local 
daily self-supporting in towns like Independence, and now rejoices in a 
subscription aud advertising pati'onage in keeping with the growth of a 
prosperous city in the gas and oil belt. 

C. E. Moore, of the Cherryvale Eepublican, has also been a long time 
in the harness, having become connected with the Globe of that city in 
1881, aud having been engaged in the printing business there for nearly 
all the time since. 

Although ^Montgomery is a comparatively young county, hav- 
ing been organized in 18G9, and is not in the first rank in population, 
there are only four counties in the state which can boast larger newspa- 
per graveyards. Untimely deaths of publications which have stai'ted out 
with bright hopes and boundless ambitions have occuri-ed at the rate of 
about two a year during the thirty-four years of our county's existence, 
and we now have but twelve living. 

When a company of Oswego men in the summer of 1869 determined 
to locate a county seat on the ^'erdigris fJnd get in "on the ground floor" 
in the new county to the west, one of the first things they did was to pro- 
vide for the publication of a newspajier; aud so we find the first paper is- 
sued in >J'ionrgomery county to have l)een the Independence Pioneer. The 
first number bore date of September .5th, of that year. It was published 
by E. R. Trask. of the Oswego Register, and printed at that place until 
March, 1870, when it was provided with an outfit of its own, and David 
Steel became its editor. In December, 1870, it was sold to Thos. H. Can- 
field, who changed its name to the Republican. The paper remained at 
the county seat for about two years longer, changing proprietors every 
few mouths, and in the spring of 1873 again went west "to grow up" with 
some other county. 

The second paper established in the county was the Westralia 
Vidette. by McConuell & Mclntyre, in the spring of 1870, It lived only 
three months and two days, succumbing to lack of nourishment. Follow- 
ing it came the Record, founded by G. D. P>aker at the new town of Par- 
ker. It is said to have been an excellent paper, but when Parker faded 
away it had to give up the ghost. 

The first paper ou record as being avowedly in opposition to the dom- 
inant Repulilican party in the county was the Kansas Democrat, which 
the well known Martin VanP.uren Bennett removed from Oswego to In- 
dependence in December, 1870. •'^'an" is supposed to have intended to 
use this publication as a lever to boost him into congress; but his paper 



< lie hopi-d. 


aiul iu 1S72 he sold it to- 


aftciward. 


leiiioved it to the state 



44 HISTOU\ OF .\10M( 

was sensational and not as popnl 
Peacock & Sons who, a year or 
capital. 

In casting about for sonicthin<; to do, after the sands of his official 
life had run out, ex-United States Senator E. G. Ross concluded to try his 
fortunes in the new county just opened down on the south line of the 
state; and in the fall of 1871 established Koss' Paper at Coffey ville. Mis- 
fortune still pursued the man who had saved Andy Johnson from im- 
peachment, however, and in March. 1872. his office was destroyed by a 
tornado. He did not re-establish it but removed to Lawrence. 

Following this came the Circular, by E. W. Perry; alud in the 
spring of 1873, the Courier, by Chatham & Scurr. Jim Chatham was one 
of the best local itemizers who ever struck Montgomery county, but his 
abilities as a business man were not adequate to the strain, and bad luck 
compelled him to suspend in July 187.5. His office was i)Ut on wheels 
and taken to Independence, where he jtnblished the Independence Courier 
for a time, to be succeeded by the T>aily Courier, and the Workingman's 
Courier, which was published by Frank C. Scott until 1S7!I. 

The Independence Kansan was established in the fall of 1875 by W. 
H. Watkins. The paper was Democratic, though Watkins was known to 
be a Republican. While the Tribune, started in the spring of 1871. still 
lives under one of its original publishers, the Kansan has seen changes 
and vicissitudes without end. Will H. ^^■arner took it off of Watkins' 
hand in December 1876. and ran it at high presstire for a little more 
than two years, vastly increasing its subscription list, getting the county 
I)rinting, and filling it with live local news; giving, however, too much 
si>ace to salacious gossip. Finding the income of the paper insufficient to 
enable him to "sit in" on ](oker games at Kansas City as freiiuoutly as he 
wished, he sold it in January 187!l, to (i<'orge W. lUirchard. the only ma'n 
in iMontgoniery county who has edited both the Republican and I>emo- 
cratic organs of the county. In less than a year F>urcliaitl disposed of 
the paper to Frank C. Scott, of the Courier, who merged the two papers 
into one. Scott sold the Kansan to H. W. Young of the Star in February 
1882, but at the same time transferred the good will and business to A. 
A. Stewart, who published a new paper with the old name. Independence 
Kansan until January 1885, when he also sold out to Mr. Young, who 
has bought more ^lontgomery county newspapers than any other man 
living. The Kansan and the Star were then consolidated as tlie Star and 
Kansan. The Star was originally established at Coffeyville by Mr. Young 
iin Aiii'il 1881. as the Coffeyville Star, but was removed to Independence 
in October of the same year and jiublished as The Star until the merger 
just mentioned. The Star and Kansan was jiulilislied by :Mr. Young until; 
June 180(1, when he removed to Coioiado. leaving Charles T. Errett in 



HISTUUY OF MONTCJOMERY COINTY, KANSAS. 45 

clijirfie of tlie )iai:t'i-. 11 was jml.lislied iu Mi-. Y(Hin;;'s 11:11110 uiilil Sep- 
tciiihcv l^^it^. wlit'ii Erirtt Ix'i-iiiit' pniinietni-. Jn .Jaiiiiaiy 181)3, Mr. 
Youni;- i-ftuiiii'd and re-iniicliascd the \>i\\>t'v. again becoming its editor 
and piililislier. In Novemher ISilC. lie sold a half interest to A. T. Cox. 
hut the jiartiiership was inicoiijuenial and lasted not much over a year. 
Indeed, the jiartners were unable to even agree as to the method of get- 
tign unhitched, and the courts liad to be resorted to to divorce them. 
Walter 8. Sickles was appointed receiver in January, 181)8, and ran the 
paper until May 1st when it was sold by the sheriff and purchased by Mr. 
Cox, who has since conducted it. A couj)le of years later Mr. Cox began 
the issue of the Daily Evening Star, which he still publishes. 

In June 1898. Mr. Young, deciding to continue in the newspaper 
business in Independence, purchased the name and list of the Kansas 
Populist from Mr. Ritchie at Cherryvale. He has published the paper 
since that time, having recently associated his son, H. A. Young, with 
him in the business, under the linn name of H. W. Y'^oung & Son. 

The Daily Reporter was established at Independence in August, 1881, 
by Harper & Wassam. They published it only a year or two, when it was 
taken in hand by O'Ci'nner & McCulley. who held claims upon the ma- 
terial. Subse(|uently, for a time, it was published by Charles H. Harper, 
a son of one of the fcmnders, and then in 18S~j it was sold to T. N. Sickles, 
in whose ownership it still remains. 

Of short lived jiapers published at Independence, mciilioii may be 
made of the following : 

The Osage Chief, bv Ed. Van Cuiidv and A. M. Clark, in the spring 
of 1874. 

The Itemizer. triweekly, by J. E. Srinson. in 1870. 

The Living Age. by I'. P.. Castle, in 1881. 

The Montgomery Monitor by Vick Jennings, in December 1885, and 
January 1S8(). .Jennings was the only newspaper publisher who has died 
in the harness in Independence. 

The Independence News, dailv and weeklv, bv Cleveland -T. Revnolds, 
in 1886. 

The M,^intgoniery Argus, by Sullivan & Levan, in 1880-87. 

United Labor, by A. .1. Miller, was an Alliance organ established in 
1892 and published until 1894. John Callahan, who was then deputy 
sheriii', christened this sheet "The Dehorner," and it came to be much bet- 
ter known by that appellation than by the name printed at its head. 

The Weekly Call and the Daily Evening Call, by Rev. J. A. Smith, 
in 189(5. 

Turning again to Cotleyville. we Hiid that Hon. W. A. Peffer, who 
subsequtiutly became I'liited States Senator, established the (''offeyville 
Journal in the fall of 187."). After four or five years he removed to Topeka 



46 HISTORY OF MONTGOIIEBV COUNTY^ KANSAS. 

au(l left tlie pMiier in the hands of his son, W. A. Peffer, Jr.. better known 
as "Jiike," who continued its management until Capt. D. l^tewart Elliott 
assumed control in 1885. Elliott was sub.sequently elected to the legis- 
lature, but owiug to financial reverses was coinpelled to sell the paper in 
18'JG, when it went into the hands of a coinpiiny, with W. G. Weaverliug 
and 1. K. Arbogast as editors. They have rouducted it very successfully 
since that dale, and have for several years been publishing a" daily edition, 
which is the newsiest paper of the kind now published in the county. 

The Gate City Independent was established at Cotfeyville in the 
early nineties, and for the past ten years has been pxiblislied by C. W. 
Kent. Sometimes it has been a weekly, but most of the time a twicea- 
week; and often, as now, it has had a daily edition. 

In 1895 or 1896, John Tedder established the Montgomery County 
Democrat, which he published for .several years, to be succeeded Ity J. P. 
Easterly. Still more recently the paper has had a number of editors and 
publishers; but about a year ago its name was changed to the Record, and 
it has been made a daily by the CoftevviJle Publishino- Company 'with 
Will Felker as editor. 

Another weekly published f.-ir -AU.ui the same length .,f time is the 
Coffeyville Gaslight, established in ISiis, by \\\ A. Bradford It now car- 
ries the name of Fred R. Howard as editor. 

.o-oS'"'"'-''"'''"''' ^''^* P'^i'*^'' '™'- ^^^^ nerald, which was established in 
18(.^. but pined away after a sickly existence „f b„t si.x weeks. Following 
It came the Leader, which flourished Un- a xnIiII,. in is77 The Cherrvvale 
Globe was established in 1879, the Cheiiv vnh- News in 1881 and the Cher- 

^^^n ^r\'"- ^•'^'%- '^^'' ^''"'"' ="■"' ^■'■^^•^ ''■'-'■' consolidated in 1882 
and the Torch joined the same ,„,nl,ina, i.,„ in 1885. The Cherrvvale 
St n 'I" ^ f ••" .\ r)<?"'0<-™tic n.nvspnp-r ('herryvale has ever had.' was 
established by Major E. W.Ly.ui in 1SS4 an,l continued until 1888. The 
Cherryvale ('iiam])ion ran from 1SS7 until IS!).',. Other short lived Cherrv- 
vale papers are the Southern K.u.sms F;,rmer and the K.-.nsas Common- 
wealth. 1S91; the Morning T..l,-r,.nn. IS-H-; the CiMMTVvale Kepublic and 
llie HepublicMn-Plaindcalei-. 1S!»;;. 

The Cherryvale I!epubli<-;iii was (■si:ihlisli..(l in 1SS(; and is sfill i.ub- 
lished by ('. E. .Aloore. 

The Kansas Populist was siwi i,-il by .1. II. Kit. hie in 1894 as a weekly. 
In conn.'clion with it he has publislid li,,. |.;ii|y x,>ws. and sin,-e 1898 tlie 
weekly luis also been known as ilu- Xcws. The pnblisluTs arc J. II. Ritchie 
& Son. 

The ClicrryvMlc Clarion, .laily -.uu] weekly. w,-is established in 1898, 
and IS now jmhlishcd by L. I. Pniccll. 

Elk City lias had the Times, rslablislicd in the fall of 1880, which 
turned lip lis toes when only ten weeks., Id; tlie(;iobe, from ISSl' to 1887: 



HISTORY OF MONTCiOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 47 

the St;u- in 1884-8r.; the Deniociat. iSS.'-Slj; The Eagle, ISStJlS'JO; and 
the Enterprise from ISS'.l to tlie i)resent lime, with W. E. \\'oi-lnian as edi- 
tor and iJiiblisher. 

Caney has the t'hrouicle. whii-h was established in 1S8."), and is still 
pnbllslied by Harry E. Brighton. 

Other papers that have been pnblished there are the Times and the 
Phoenix. The Times was established in 188!) and ran until the later nine- 
ties, having had Cleveland J. Keynolds. Hon. J. R. Charlton and A. M. 
Parsons as editors. 

Havana has been without a newspaper for the past ten jears, but had 
at various times the Yidette. the Weekly Herald, the Recorder and the 
Press and Torch, none of which survived to reach the mature age of three 
years. 

Liberty has had the Light, published for a short time in 1880, and the 
Review from 1887 until 1892. 

All sorts of newspapers have been published by all sorts of men in 
Montgomery county ; but the local conditions have never been favorable 
for the building up of a great countj newspaper of universal circulation. 
The railroads have not all centered at the county seat, but have run all 
around the edges of the county. This has resulted in the development of 
towns at the four corners of the county, two of which have come to be 
cities rivaling the county's capital, and all of which are newspaper 
towns. So instead of being concentrated, the newspaper business has been 
split up, and no newspaper, no matter how well edited, nor how accu- 
rate and euterjirising a jiurveyor of news, has yet been able to command 
the patronage that would make it or give it a commanding j)Osition, (nor 
the three or four thousand rirciilation which is sometimes found in 
counties the size and iKiimlaliun of ours. 



• HAl'TER IV. 
Gas and Oil Devlopments in Montgomery County 

r.Y H. w. Yorxi;. 
T'util the later eighties no one sus]iected the existence of natural gas 
in Montgomery county in sutticient quantities to be of any use. Indeed, 
during the early history of the county, and up to 1885, or later, the exis- 
tence of vast reservoirs of natural gas beneath us was unsuspected and 
nudrea.med of. People would have listened to predictions of gold mines 
to be opened here on the i)rairies much more readily than to suggestions 
that the time would come when our fuel would flow out of the earth in 
iron pipes all ready to burn, and transport itself to our doors. It was 
different, though, about petroleum. The pioneer settlers in plowing up 
the sod in son-e of the lavines near the Verdigris had noticed an oilv 



48 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 

sciiui slaiidiiig in the fun-ows if tliey were left uiulisturlted for a time. 
And as long ago as April 2Sth. ISSl, we tind the following item in the 
local columns of the Coffeyville Star: 

"Last Friday morning we foiuul a group of men in eager consultation 
in front of Isham's store. A couple of old tin cans tilled with water and 
covered with a brownish coat, looking a little like varnish, were the centre 
of attraction. Tested by the nose, there was no doubt that the greasy 
scum on the water aind the coating of the cans was crude petroleum, of 
the heavy or lubricating grade. They had been filled from the contents of 
a well that ^Ir. D. Davis was sinking at his residence on Ninth street; and 
the incontestible evidence they afforded that there was a reservoir of kero- 
sene beneath us naturally caused considerable interest. It seems that Mr. 
Davis had struck a vein of fair wad-r previously, but the qimutity being 
deemed iusuHicient had gone down to the depth of twenty-flve feet, 
where, much to his disgu.st. he ••struck oil." Whether this developmout 
indicates the existence of oil in paying (juantities in our section, we do 
not presume to say, though the matter is certainly worthy of further in- 
vestigation. We learn that oil has hei'etofore l)eeu observed on the surface 
of the water flowing from sjirings in this vicinity, and it is possible that 
we may yet be shiiiping petroleum, little as such a product would be ex- 
pected from a ccmntry with tlie jiliysical characteristics of ours." 

It was almost twenty twd ye;ns later before petroleum began to be 
shipited in any considerable ip;antities from the county, but the forecast 
was correct. Six years later, in the early spring of 1887, W(> began to 
hear alxmt the curious phenomena to be observed in an abandoned shaft 
over at Liberty. It was on the farm of IJeiijamin Grubb. adjoining that 
place on the north. Finding indications of coal he had sunk a shaft six 
or eight feet s(piare. After getting down some distance a vein of gas was 
istrnck which c:nne out of a crevice in the rock in such quantity that the 
men at work in the shaft lighted it to fni-nish illumination for their work. 
On (|uilting tliey uTiwisely fanned it out with their jackets. One day they 
went down and struck a match with the most surprising results. The gas 
exidoiled. Ilirowiiig olV the covering at the surface and blazing up as high 
as the tallest t ices in the neighborhood— tifty to one hundred feet. 
The diggers, who were below the civvice, escajted with their lives, •though 
terribly burned. The vein of c(i:il was found to be only 8 inches thick, 
but in <'i>nnecti(in with it was :;•_' inches cf slate so thoroughly saturated 
with oil that it wonid bla/.e uji on being tin-own into the stove. So here 
were foniid together coal, gas and oil. 

I'rioi- to that liriie. Tlraiias (). .\yres, in digging a well at < 'otfeyville. 
had found a i.ocket of oil c.hilaining several gallons. ('. M. Kalstiu. at 
Ills farm three miles southwest of lnde]ienden<-e. rejx.rted that in a well 
in his cellar (Ju feet deep the gas kept bul)bling up in sui-h volume that it 



inSTonV OF MONTGOMERY COUNTV. KANSAS. 49 

could he iK'iud all tliM>nj>h the house at night. Aud in drilling 
for coal, where the mineral bath is now, here in Independence, 
it was reported that there had been an explosion of some 
kind which threw mud over the top of the derrick, aud that the drill 
passed through 150 feet of gas-bearing strata. By this time everyone was 
satisfied that there was some natural gas here, but whether in paying 
quantities was a problem that remained to be solved. 

Gas was first found, in quantity to be worth utilizing, at Cherry vale, 
November 20th, 1890, in a well drilled by J. McSweeney. at a depth of 600 
feet. It threw the water about fifty feet high, aud was prouounced at once 
"the strongest flow in the state." Within a week this well was piped and 
tested and gave a blaze 25 feet high. By the next year the people of 
Cherryvale, or a portion of them, were enjoying natural gas fires, though 
the quantity available was small at first. 

Cofteyville came next, and her resources began to be developed in 1891 
and 1892. Her first wells were sunk, like those of Cherryvale, right in 
town. By the winter of 1892-3 she not only had gas to burn but in such 
quantity that with the full pressure of the wells, there was talk of their 
being danger that the stoves would melt down. About the same time 
William Mills, who had been the first to bring in an oil well at Xeodesha, 
found both gas and oil in the neighboi'hood of Elk City, but neither of 
them were utilized. 

At Independence, the first well drilled for gas was put dowin in the 
summer of 1892 by J. I). Nickersoii, with the assisteuce of th(? people of 
the city. It was located down near Rock Creek, at Barnes' Garden, south- 
west of the city. A little gas was found — about enough to supply one 
stove. In the fall of the same year Mr. Nickerson drilled another well 
on the farm of Cai)t. L. C. Mason, just east of Independence. Although no 
gas was found here, there was such a body of gas sand that this inde- 
fatigable i)rospector was convinced that he was on the right track. The 
next drilling he did was on the J. H. Brewster place five miles southeast 
of the city, in the early spring of 1893. April fith, at the depth of a thous- 
and feet a very strong flow was struck, and from this and other wells in 
this vicinity gas was piped into Independence late that year. By the 
time cold weather came in earnest, a year later, in the winter 1894, how- 
ever, the supjjly from this field was found entirely inadequate, and it was 
not uintil wells were developed on the Barr and Gi-eer i)laces, a couple of 
miles west of the city, that confidence in gas as a fuel was restored in the 
mind of the Independence citizen. 

Before gas was piped into the city, Mr. Xickerson had associated with 
himself A. P. McBride and C. I>. Bloom, exprienced prospectors and drill- 
ers from Miami county, and from this partnership was evolved the Inde- 
pendence Gas Company, which has ever since supplied the city with gas 



50 HISTORY OF MOXTGOMEKY CorXTV. KANSAS. 

ami wbith liohls leases on must of the lands tributary to the city. As 
drawn at first, these leases provided that if drilling was nut begun within 
a limited period, the farmer should be paid a royalty of 25 cents i)er acre 
until development work was begun. Then he was to have a tenth of the 
oil. and a rental of $50 a year for a gas well, with gas for household pur- 
poser in addition. Since then the company has deemed it more econom- 
ical to furnish gas to all its lessors, in lieu of jiaying a cash royalty, in 
order to hold the lands on wliicli it was not prejiared to drill. To do this, 
it has laid pii)e to some two hundred farm houses, at an expense of tens 
of thousands of dollars. The same )ilan has been adojited by the ( "olfey- 
ville Gas Company, and it is probable that nearly five liundved farm 
honses in the county are now supjilied with this ideal fuel. 

Although petroleum was found in considerable quantity in the first 
wells drilled on the Itrewster place in 1803. there was no market for oil 
and no attempt was made to develo]i that branch of the mining industry 
ill the <-ouiity until nearly ten years later. It was in 1S!)8. however, that 
Wm. H. Mills drilled a couplc'ot w.-lls at Neodesha. just over the line in 
\\'ilsun county, and found nil in smli i]uanty as to convince him that 
southern Kansas was going lo bi'come an oil iiekl. The rumors that cir- 
culated in regard to his wells, and the stories about oil from them shoot- 
ing out over the top of the derrick and saturating the soil so that it was 
necessaiy to cdver it with fresh earth to conceal the strike, vAn-e listened 
to as tairy tales. ;in<l no credence given them. And yet Mr. Mills suc- 
ceedel in making such a showing as to induce James H. Guffey and John 
H. (ialey. two w(^altliy and experienced oil ojierators in the Peiilnsylvania 
and Ohio fields, to come out here and begin leasing land in this county, 
as well as \Mlson and others adjoining. During the sunmier of 1893 these 
genthmen drilled 15 wells in the immediate vicinity of Neodesha, all of 
which were oil producers with the exception of two gas wells. In 1894 
they were pumping large (piantities of oil and drilling new wells. In July 
of that year they had forty wells and not less than 3,000 barrels of oil 
were stored in the tanks in the field, and a 35,000 barrel storage tank had 
just been completed by them. A year later it became evident that the 
Standard Oil ("omjtany would be able to freeze out any other operators 
in this field, and Guft'ey & Galey made the best jiossible terms with that 
monopoly, receiving, according to icporis. all they had expended in the 
field and a bonus of .§10(i.i!(H) in aildiiion. At this time there were sixty- 
eight wells in the field con I vol led by them, and the "Standard" continued 
to drill more when it took charge, in the name of its western branch, the 
Forest Oil <'ompauy. .\ number of these new wells were in Montgomery 
county, in Sycamore township; some being as far south as the neighbor- 
hood of Table .Mound. These ].roved to be ga.s wells rather than oil wells 
and J. I>. Xickersou iiurcase(l the gas rights in the Ringle and Brown- 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 5 I 

field wells for the Iiulepeudence Gas Company, in 1898, for |6,000. A 
week or two later the -Standard" beoau to realize the value of such gas 
wells, and regretted their bargain. Since then that company has gone in- 
to the gas business, and is now furnishing gas ])iped from Wilson county 
to the city of I'arsons. 

In June, 1898, the "Standard" jpeople erected a!n extensive refinery 
for oil at Neodesha, with a rapariry dt 500 barrels per day, but still they 
bought no oil and there was no inducement for any independent oper- 
ator to drill for oil while there was no market. 

\ieantime the Independence Gas Company continued to drill more or 
less wells each year for the city's supply; tlie Coft'eyville company did the 
same, and there was a second or I'eoples' company organized there. At 
Cherryvale, the Edgar Smelter was located, with its own gas field and 
gas wells. Vitrified brick plants were located at Coft'eyville, Independence 
Cherryvale and Sycamore, and finally at Cauey. At the latter place a 
company organized by E. B. Skinner, then county treasurer, had found 
gas iu such (piantity in the sjjriug of 1901 that, in July of that year, the 
town was jdped and the new fuel came into use. It was not until the fall 
of 190:i that Elk City was supplied. Init now Jefterson, Bolton and Syca- 
more are also supx)lied, and of all the cities and villages in the county. 
Liberty, Havana and Tyro, only, remain without gas. 

During the summer of 1902. the Indpendence Gas Comjiany drilled 
six wells within a mile and a half of the village of Bolton, all but one of' 
them to the south and east of that place. Of these six, five were gas wells, 
with daily capacities ranging from ten to fifteen million cubic feet per 
day. The fifth was an oil well. The aggregate output of this field is 
estimated at 70 million cubic feet of gas per day, ahid during the fall of 
that year this supply was made available for the needs of Independence 
by a pipe line. With such a supply to draw from, the inducement to fac- 
tories in search of cheap fuel liecame so manifest that representatives 
of various industries in the Indiana field, where the gas was nearly ex- 
hausted, began to visit this section in considerable (numbers, seeking 
locations. 

In August 1902. the Standard Oil Couipany. for some I'eason, 
changed its policy and announced an open market for oil in this 
territory. More than that, it jtroceeded to secure the right-of-way for a 
pipe line through the county from Bartlesville in the Indian Territory, 
by way of Caney and Bolton, to its refinery at Neodesha. This has not 
yet been c( Instructed, but the indications are that it soon will be. The 
development of a considerable oil field in Neosho county, to the northeast 
of us. and the market now made for oil led to new activity in this county. 
A large nund)er of wells have Ijeen drilled in the vicinity of Cherryvale, 
ana a little to the north and west of that city, from which oil is being 
shipped in (piantity at this time. Two of these wells are pumping twenty 



52 HISTOKY OF MONTGOMERY I'OUNTY. KANSAS. 

barrels a day eat-li. Meantime new ()j)eratois by the score have come 
into the field, the leasing industry has been prosecuted with great vigor, 
thirty rigs are now engaged in drilling in the county, the National 
Supply Company has established a branch house at Independence, the 
formation of new oil companies goes on apace, and it only needs the dis- 
covery of some pool of oil to set Hre to the train that is already laid. As 
yet, however, no well lias been drilled in the county that gives more than 
a moderate yield of oil. and it is probable that from forty to fifty barrels 
a day is the maximum. This is about the amount claimed for wells at 
Sycamore and Caney that have not yet been regularly pumi)ed. With 
thirty or more companies doing business in the county, and all of them 
holding leases that require immediate develoimient, the number of wells 
going down is greater than ever before and it is expected that the record 
of wells drilled in the county during the year 1!MI3 will not fall much 
shoi-t of two hundred, and that the amount of money spent in development 
work will aggregate nearly a milli(»n dollars. Prior to 1903 about two 
huiidrt'd wells had been drilled in the county of which two-thirds were 
dry holes and the remaining sixty or seventy, gas and oil producers. 

With the advent of new oil and gas companies, the inevitable liti- 
gation over leases and oil rights has begun, and the Independence Gas 
Comjiany is in ((nnt defending its claim to the Brewster jilace, on which 
its first well was drilled. The jilare lias been re-leased to the New York Oil 
and Cas Ciinipany, which has been granted a second franchise by the city 
of Independence. When the New York i)eople tried to go upon the place 
with a rig in March, the Independence Company met them with a show of 
force, and would have kejit them out but foi- the employment of a little 
stialegy. a feint and a flank movement. IJotli companies are in po- 
session now, and under orders of the court each can go ahead and do 
all lh( drilling it pleases and sell all The ..il proiliiced, provided a strict 
account i.s kejif. 

The new wells drilled this year te. thi' north and west of I^.olton have 
fnot made such phenomenal showings as those oiiened there last year, and 
just now the ipiestion whether Montgomery county is first-rate oil terri- 
tory is as unsettled as it was when the first well on the Brewster place 
made stich a good showing of heavy black oil. The gas resources of the 
coimt\. however. ha\-e been develojied to such an extent as to render it 
certain that the su])]ily is sulticient for a generation to come, and that 
manufacturing enterprises will continite to be attracted to our towns by 
the fuel that nature has provided so laxislily in the bowels of the earth. 

The oldest prospei'tors will tell yon that in this field there are no 
certain indications of the existence of either oil or gas beneath the sur- 
fai'c. and that every well must be drilled at a venture. The depth of the 
wells varies froiii (iHO to 1,."(MI feet, but in most cases the gas or oil sand 



HISTUUV UF .MUNT(;(IM1:RV ^'OliXTY, KANSAS. 55 

is sii-uck between S(M) and 1.2(M) feet below tbe surfare. No considerable 
<iuautity of gas has been found outside the Cherokee shales which overlies 
the l)ed rock of Mississijipi limestone. No attempt has been made in this 
county to go very much deeper with a view to find whether anything 
worth while underlies that limestone; but at Neodesha the Standard Oil 
Company went down twenty-two hundred feet without finding anything 
that it deemed worth developing, or that encouraged it to make a second 
attempt to explore the nether regions. 

At present there is but little of the county that is not under lease for 
oil, gas and other mineral substances that may be found: but the more 
recent leases only run for a short time and reipiire development work to 
be begun in a few months to keep them alive. And the validity of the old 
leases, which were drawn to run indefinitely so long as an annual rental 
was paid or gas was furnished the lessor for household purposes, is be- 
ginning to be gravely questioned. In most cases the leases provide that 
the party to whom the lease is made may droj) it at any time, while the 
land owner is held indefinitely if the rental is jiaid. Lawyers are coming 
more and more to hold that the decisions in other and older gas and oil 
states that such leases are void or voidable for lack of mutuality, will be 
held to be good law here and that the attempt made to monojiolize large 
areas by leases under which no development work is beg'un. will fail. 

So far no gas has been piped out of the county, and people generally 
are solicitous that it shall \not be. Indeed, three-fourths of the farmers 
who gave the Standard Oil Coni])any rights of way for its \n\>e line in- 
sisted that a clause be inserted forbidding the iiijiing of gas and restrict- 
ing the use of the pipes to the transjjortation of oil. And many of the 
leases for gas all over the county contain a x>i'<>vision forbidding it to be 
piped outside the boundaries of the county. There seems to be a general 
disposition, in fact, to keep the gas at home and economize it. The idea 
that it will not be permanent, but can be very readily exhausted, is very 
generally held, and the fate of the Indiana fields is constantly referred 
to as a warning against recklessness in handling this wonderful fuel. 

The gTOwth of Montgomery county in population during the last ten 
years, and her rise from the twelfth to the seventh in relative rank in the 
state are unquestionably attributable to the gas and oil resources that 
have been developed here, and the prediction that the same influences 
which have increased (uir jiojiulatidn ten thousand within the last ten 
years will continue to operate until we shall have tifty or sixty thousand 
people in place of the :!:!.44;'. mir last censuc showed, does nor seem un- 
warranted. 



54 UISTOHY or IKINTfiOMERY COrNTY. KANSAS. 

ClIAPTEK V. 
The Political History of Montgomery County 

I'.Y II. -W. YOUNG. 

All Iniiiiaii ;h linns aic subject to the limitations of time and space. 
SulijiTt Hilly to those liiiiitatious. Kansas stands unrivaled in her politi- 
cal (k'vel')i)nient. For her area and llie time she has been doing busilness 
as a coiiinionwealth, she docsii"i lake a back seat for any state or any 
people. That her citizens have taken more interest in public affairs and 
studied matters of government more than those of other states and sect- 
tions is not to their discredit. It testifies to their intelligence, their public 
spirit, and their mental activity. If "eternal vigilence is the price of lib- 
erty.'" our ])eople will be the last on earth to be reduced to slavery. In a 
market where that sort of coin is current, they will be able to outbid all 
competitors. 

.Although Kansas was ei;;lii Ncars old « hen the bars were let down 
and the Osage Diminislicd Kescrve, of which :Montgomery county forms a 
])art, was oiicncd lo white settlement, her citizens have been hustling ever 
siiK-c to inakr iiji tor that lost time; and no one would now accuse the 
Montgomciy roiiniy jioliticiaus of lagging in the rear of the procession, 
or failing to furnish their share of representatives at the pie counter. Of 
men vrho have been fiu' a longer or shorter time residents of this county, 
two have been Tnited i>tates Senators, one has been governor of the state, 
two lia\c held the office of lieutenant governor, one has been assistant 
si'crctaiy of the interior, and two have been judges of the district court. 
\\'liilc no citizen of the county is on record as having been a represen- 
tative in Congress, or licail of a department at the state capital, there are 
certainly few (oiiniii's whirh have struck more of the high places in the 
]ioliti<al world than our own. And when it comes to the honorable po- 
sition of reinesciitatixc in Coiigiess. it will be entirely safe to assert that 
no otlii'i- (•ouiity v,lii'-li has never seen onp of her sons answering the roll 
call at the south end of the national cajiital. has ever had more who indi- 
cate.l thai I hey wanted to. 

In passing, it may be noted that of the Coiigressnien elected from 
within the lionndai-ies of the present Third Congressional District, Cowley 
comity has had two, Wilson two. Crawfonl Iwo, Labette one; and none of 
the other live has been favored — so that .Moiilgoinery does not stand alone 
in being ■■wliileuaslied." 

The lii'sl polilieal (inesiion that .■onfronled the voters of :\lontgomery 
coiinly was the same llial lias always |n-o\'ed such a bone of contention 
in excry iii'w stale and section — the local ion of a county seat. Naticlnal 
].oliiical issues were for ilu' time allowed lo fall into the background, 
while cities were being located on iiai:er. and every settler was interested 
eilher lo have lli!> cMimiy's c;i]>ital as ne,-ir his claim as possible, or at least 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 5^ 

to keep it on the same side of the Verdigris river, wliiih liiscrls llio ((Hiiity 
from uorth to south and which Avas. of foursc. imirii nunc <if a barrier 
before auy bridges had been built than it is now. 

Montgomery county was organized by indclainaliiin of Coxernor 
Harvey on the 3d day of June, 18(J9. It was named for (ieiieral Kiciiard 
Montgomery, the hero of the battle of tjuebec, who shed his heart's blood 
for his country on the Heights of Abraliam. There has been some question 
whether the jierson intended to be honored when the county was chris- 
tened was not Colonel James Montgomery, of Linn county, rather than 
the "French and Indian"warrior. In the Independence Kansan of July 
7th. ISTO. is published a very strong argument to show that it was the civil 
war soldier for whom the county was named, but an examiuatiou of the 
proceedings of the legislature at the time leaves no room for doubt on the 
question ; the concurrent resolution stating distinctly and unequivocally 
that General Richard Montgomery gave name to Montgomery county. 

In his proclamation Governor Harvey appointed H. C. Crawford, H. 
A. Bethuran and R. L. Walker special commissioners, and E. C. Kimball 
special clerk, and designated Verdigris City as the temporary county seat. 
Verdigris City was located east of the Verdigris river, about one mile 
southeast of what is now known as ''Brown's Ford." and on the west half 
of the northeast quarter of section 22. townshiji :{:> south, i-ange 16 east. 
The land on which the town was laid <iut is now a part of the farm of 
Senator H. W. Conrad. Walker has since hccii promiiicuT in state poli- 
tics, and died early in 1903. 

On the nth of June ISCi). the board met at the county seat and 
qualified before Capt. W. S. McFeeters. notary ])ublic. The Captain was 
perhaps the tirst notary commissioned in the county. He was a lawyer 
by profession, and was the first to locate at the county seat, having his 
office in the log court house. Not relying alone on the slow and precarious 
rewards of the legal profession in a new country, he was the following 
winter convicted of horse stealing at Giiard, Kansas, and sentenced to a 
term in the penitentiary. 

The board organized l)y the election of H. C. Crawford as chairman. 
It divided the county into three toA\nships, each about nine miles in 
width, extending across the county east and west. Beginning at the 
north they were named Drum Creek, \'erdigris and Westralia, with vot- 
ing places at Fitch's Store, Verdigris City and Westralia. At a meeting 
on August 27th. Captain Daniel McTaggart was appointed county treas- 
urer, E. K. Kountz, probate judge; and S. B. ^loorehouse, justice of the 
peace. 

From this time until the date of the election, on Xovend)er oth, little 
was talked of except the county seat question. Verdigris City, the pro- 
visional capital, had a rival on the east side in Montgomery City, near 



56 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

the iiiHinli uf Drum creek, but as a division of the east side forces would 
l)e ruiiiinis, tliey met midway ou tlie hill above M,cTaggart's mill, aud lo- 
cated the cit.v of Liberty, across the street to the east of the McTaggart 
liomestead. The west siders were a unit for Independence, though some- 
one Ivied to butt into the game with a city in the air called Hamaria, 
which was suiiposcd in be located siiiiicwlicrc in the neighborhood of 
Walk, i-s iir.iuid. 

The story of how the Indej)endence jicople started out to steal ,1 
niarcii on the Liberty partisans and get contiol of the election board at 
V<n-(ligris City, has been often told. Notwithstanding their daylight 
.start, they were discovered just after crossing the river and only suc- 
ceeded in getting Adam ('amp on as a matter of courtesy. He did his 
Avhole duty, though, challenging all voters from the east side of the 
coun ty. 

When I lie coniiiiissioners came to count the votes they did the only 
])Ossii)le tiling that would givi^ Liberty a majority, by throwing out the en- 
tire \oic if hruiii Ci-i-ek. on tlii^ jiretext that the returns were not the 
originals hut a certified copy. This gave Liberty 162 votes to 103 for 
Independence. At the same time the whole east side ticket for county 
otiticeis was electeil as follows: Representative, John E. Adams; County 
Cleik. T. .M. Noble: Sheriff. Daniel Bruner; Probate Judge, E. K. Kountz; 
Coroner. Sidney Allen; Register of Deeds, (iusso ("hontean, a half-breed 
hi<lian: Conniy Surveyor, Edwin Foster; District Clerk, Z. R. Overman; 
County Attorney, (ioodell Foster: Sujiei'iliilendent of S<-liools. J.A.Helph- 
ingsTine; Treasurei-, -I. .\. Jones: Assessoi-. ^V. X. Cotton; Commissioners, 
T. J. M(AVhinney. J. S. Oarrett and W. Allen. 

Thirteen of the defeated candidates on the west side ticket at once 
institnt.'d a contest in the proluile court of Wilson county, C. M. Ralstin, 
of Iralejiendence. ilie defeated candidate for county attorney, and F. A. 
Hettis of Oswego, rejiresenting the c(uistesiors. (ioodell Foster and 
John A. llel])liingstine, of Liberty, appeared tor the contestees. The 
jirize of the seat of government of the new connt,\ hung in the balance, 
and so sti-enuo)is was the contest that L. T. Stephenson, of Independence, 
carried the Oswego adorney. Ileitis, on horseback sixty-five miles to Frc- 
donia. arriving in a drix ing s!;n\v storm at 3 A. ]\L. on the day set for the 

'i'lie decision was that there had been no legal election — aud so every- 
bod\ was delealed. The old lioard of commissioners appointed liy the gov- 
ernor held o\cr and ihommI the log court house and the county clerk's office 
from N'erdigris Ciiy to Liberty. They also called a special election for 
the ."id -if V.-.iy lo select county officers. Full tickets were placed in the 
fielii. :.nd the historians of the early linii's tell us that the canvass was 
the niesi exciting e\ci- 111 Id in thecunnn. 'i'lie candidates who were suc- 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 57 

cessful in this election never lielil office by virtue of tlie votes they re- 
ceived, tliouj^h two of the conniiissioners ami the county clerk got in by 
appointment. The vote for commissioner was as follows: T. J. McWhin 
ney. 4i;!l ; Thomas Brock. :5.50; W. W. Graham. 3.14; Thomas Hanson. 27«; 
.lolin Klapiiel, lili'J: S. B. Moorehouse. 247. The first three comjirised the 
Indej-endence ticket and the last three the Liberty ticket. J. M. 8cudder 
got 40!) votes for probate judge, to 2()G for L. O. Judson. J. A. Helphing- 
stiue, in the language of the day "ran like a scared wolf" for county clerk, 
receiving 4'.MI votes to 181 for E. C. Kimball, the incumbent. A. J. Busby 
(had it unanimously for treasurer with 070 votes. A. A. Hillis had 461 
for clerk of the district court, to 209 for J. K. Snyder. C. H. WycofE for 
county attorney had no opposition and received GCo votes. The same was 
true of J. C. Price with 650 for coroner, and Johu Russel with 065 for 
register of deeds. Edwin Foster got 448 for county surveyor io 224 for 
J. L. Scott. E. D. Grabill beat A. H. McCormick for superintendent of 
schools, 396 to 280. 

A few days before this election the Independence party had sent 
Charles White to Topeka with a certified copy of the record in the contest 
case before the ^Mlson county probate court. He returned on the evening 
of election day with the ajipointments of a new set of commissioners by 
the governor, which also rendered the last election ineffective. Two of the 
successful candidates and one of the minority party had been api)ointed, 
the new board, which was the fourth in chronological order, but the sec- 
ond to serve, consisting of W. W. Graham, Thomas Brock and S. B. More- 
house. Gharles White and L. T. Stephenson lost no time in carting this 
board down to the site of Verdigris City, which really seems to have been 
entirely deserted, where, sitting in a wagon on May 5th, 1870, it was 
organized by the election of Mr. Graham as chairman. The board then 
appointed John A. Helphingstine county clerk, Sanuiel Van Gundy, coun- 
ty treasurer; B. R. Cunningham, SDerintendent of schools; and J. K. Sny- 
der, register of deeds. Not only this, but they made thorough work of it 
while they had their hands in by naming the Independence Pioneer as the 
official county paper, and ordering the district court which was to con- 
vene on May 9th. to meet at Inde})endence, to which place the county 
ofHces were also temporarily transferred, there being no accommodation 
for them at Verdigris City. On the 13th of May an action brought in 
the district court to compel the removal of the county offlces to Liberty 
was dismissed at plaintiff's cost. This practically settled the county seat 
war, though it was not until the following November that the matter was 
formally ratified by a vote which stood 839 for Independence to 560 for 
Liberty. 

On petition, the commissioners, on .lune 4th, 1S70, divided the 
counts into nine townships making the boundaries about as they are to- 



58 IIISTOKY OF MOXTGOMliKY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

(l;i.\ . I'xcfiit that the three east side townships were, hiter, each split into 
two. The names of the townships, the voting places and the tirst trustees, 
who were appointed at the same time are here given: 

Cherrv, Clierryvale. J. D. Hillis. 

Sycamore, Radical, Wui. Comptou. 

Lonislnng. Lonisburg, James Kelley. 

Rntland. Thomas Young's, S, W. :Mills. 

Indei)endeiice, Independence, AV. O. Sylvester. : 

A'crdigris. Liberty, John Lee. 

Westralia, \\'estralia, R. Brewer. 

Fawn ('reek, ililler's Store. Frank 1!. I'olley. 

<"aney. Bellviers. .lasom (^ <"orbin. 

The trustees for Clicrry, A'cniigris and ("aney never (iiialitied and W. 
P. IJrc-wer, .T. Nels.in llairis and -lohn \\'est were appointed to till the 
\arani-ics. 

i:icilii,!is .anu" tliick an<l last in those early days, and on -lune 21st, 
of the san:c year the question whether to issue -iliUO.dOd to aid in the con- 
strnnidn of the Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston railroad was sub- 
mitted to a vote, which resulted arcording to the returns, 1,340 for and 
S2(i against the proposition, (hi the 24tli the vote was canvassed and the 
bonds issued. That the vote was fraudulent, and that the bonds ought 
never to have been issued was subse(piently demonstrated beyond the 
shadow of a doubt, but aft(>r a long legal contest and the payment of 
souic f:;(i.O(iO in attorncNs' fees and expen.ses, a compromise was finally 
made with the "innocent ]iur(hasers" of these bonds at about 05 cent's 
on the dollar, and we are still jiaying this debt. 

At the election held in ^■ovember ISTO, \V. \V. (Jraham, H. I). (4rant 
a/nd John .M( Donald were chosen <-ommi.ssioners, Setth M. Beardsley, 
clerk; Frank \\"illis. county attorney; Charles White, sheriff; Samuel 
Vantiundy, treasurer; W. H. Watkins, jirobate judge; L. T. Stephenson, 
district clerk; W. S. Mills, register of deeds; Nathan Bass, superinten- 
dent of schools; and JL L. Ashmor(-, c(.roner. Thos. L. Bond and W. A, 
Allison were elected representatives. 

The comniissioners got in a wrangle with Willis and employed E. W. 
Fay. an altiriicy located in Peru, in Howard county, to attend to all the 
<(>uniy busiiii'ss. They also came to a disagreement with Stephenson, the 
disiriil ilcrk. aiiti on his refusal to furnish the additional bond they re- 
(|iiircd. they declared his office vacant. Not to be outdone in that sort of 
business. Stephenson issued his proclamation, which he published in the 
oflii-ial county paper over the seal of the court, declaring the commission- 
ers" ollices vacant. Ste])henson was a man of tall and commanding ap- 
j.earaiice. and prominent in imblic affairs for many years. He at one time 
owned a large tract of land adjoining and near Independence on the 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMEUY COrXTY, KANSAS. 59 

southeast, but his specuhitioiis did uut always "pau out." aud in the early 
nineties he was convicted of cattle stealing in the district court and sen- 
tenced to a term in the penitentiary. There was always some doubt as 
to his guilt, however, and when his application for pardon was pending, 
he appeared before Governor Morrill and the Board of Pardons and made 
a convincing argument in his own behalf, they meanwhile suiii)osing him 
to be an attorney for the convict, and having no suspicion that he was 
arguing his own case. 

The year 1871 found the people of Montgomery county in the full 
tide of prosperity, due to the rush of settlers and the rapid apprecia- 
tion of land values, and the county having gotten over the teething stage 
of its county seat fight, settled down to a contest for the offices on straight 
political lines. The results of the election, however, were a good deal 
mixed. In general the Republican ticket was successful, but both the 
Democratic candidates for representative were elected. L. U. Humphrey, 
who must be counted the most successful politician Montgomery county 
has ever had, made his uiaiden race as a candidate for the lower house, 
and was defeated by B. F. Devore liy a majority of 48. In the southern 
district, Capt. W. J. Hhrrod, the Republican candidate, fared even worse. 
Dr. Dunwell receiving 539 votes to his 301. The commissioners, as elected, 
were J. C. Frazier, William J. May and W. t>. Rentfro. For sheriff, Capt. 
J.E.Stone was elected, receivitng 911 votes to 686 for his Democratic com- 
petitor. Capt. J. B.Rowley, Avho subsequently became editor of theKansau. 
Charles White made the race for the same office on an independent ticket 
and fared about as well as independents usually do, getting only 280 
( votes. Dr. A. J. Busby led J. B. Craig just one vote as a candidate for 
treasurer; Heljihingstiue got in again, as clerk with 105 to the good over 
Cavanaugh; Norman Ives, afterward postmaster at Independence, beat 
Ashbaugh 135. Of these candidates Devore. as well as Ives, afterward 
became postmaster at Independence, and Capt. J. E. Btone is now serv- 
ing in the same capacity at Caney. The office-holding habit, once con- 
tracted, is apt to retain a strong grip on its victims. 

The following year, 1872, was the one of the Grant-Greeley campaign, 
and the Republicans regained all they had lost in the county. Devore 
and Dunwell both went down to defeat. M. S. Bell and Maj. T. B. Eldridge 
carrying off the honors in the representative contests. A. B. Clark, who 
had been Coft'eyville's first mayor, became county attorney; E. Herring 
began his long incumbency of the office of probate judge; and Nathan 
Bass was elected superintendent of schools. The Democratic candidates 
for these offices were C. J. I'eckham for probate judge; J. D. Gamble for 
county attorney and Daniel Woods<in for superintendent. A fight was 
made on W. J. H'arrod. the Republican candidate for district clerk, on 
account of his c(uinection with the railroad, which was then becoming 
very unjiopular because of the bond business, and he was defeated by 



f6o HISTORY OI-- MONTGO.MIJRV COINTY, KANSAS. 

his Di'iiKx ratir competitor, T. O. Ford, who, like Peckham, was named as 
a lilieral nv (iieeley Republiran. The candidates for state Senator were 
A. M. York, who was destined to achieve a wide notoriety in the near fu- 
ture, in connection with his exposure of Pomeroy's attempt to bribe him 
in the senatorial election the succeeding January, and Frank 
Willis, the former county attorney, as his Democratic com- 
petitor. J. 1>. McCue made his debut in ilie jiolitics of Montgomery coun- 
ty at this time as an unsuccessful asiiirant for the Democratic nomi- 
jiatiovi for county attorney. 

T"n(Hiestionably the political sensation of the year 1873, so far as our 
state was couceiiied, was furnished by Senator York, of Montgomery 
county. When Kansas was admitted to the Union in 1861, Samuel (5. 
Pomeroy was named as one of her first United States Senators. Six years 
later he was re-elected; and now after twelve years service in the Ameri- 
can ■•House of Lords," he was back at Tojieka determined to secure a third 
term, if money without stint would do it. He had made the Seniitor bus- 
iness so ])rotitable financially that it was understood that he could and 
would sjiend -fldO.OdO rather than be defeated. He had, of course, ac- 
qiiired the rejiutation of a boodler and a purchaser of legislative goods 
that were in a damaged condition, and there was a strong sentiment 
against him when the legislature met. An organization of the Anti- 
Ponieroy members was formed and of this f)ur senator York was made 
secretary. To make sure of Pomeroy's defeat it was determined to entraj) 
him into giving a bi-ibe to some member who would afterward expose 
him on the floor of the joint convention. James Simpson, afterward 
secretaiT of state under (iovernor Humphrey's administration, and a 
prominent political wire-jniller in the Kepul)lican ranks for many years, 
is credited with devising this scheme. York had had some previous deal- 
ings with Pomeroy when he was sent to ^^■asllington the previous winter 
to ^d tlic land office removed to Indejiendence, and he was hit U[pc>n as 
the most available man to touch Pomeroy for his roll. 

l^xcryliiing worked as planned. Y'ork not only got Pomei'oy to jtrom- 
ise him |H,(MI(I for his vote and a speech stating that after investigation 
lie was convinced that the charges against Pomeroy were groundless, but 
he secured .^T.lHKi in advance. The legislature being almost unanimously 
Rejiublican, no ijukus was held. On Tuesday, January 28th, the two 
houses balldii'd in separate session, and Pomeroy received 50 votes, the 
rest being scanning. It was n>]iorted and believed that he had 70 mem- 
bers jiledged, liT licing sritlicient lo elect. Only 60 were standing out 
against him. and his election seemed inevitalile. And yet after the Mont- 
gomery county senal(M- had made his talk in the joint convention the next 
day Pomeroy did not receive a single vote. 

There have been many dramatic incidents in the legislative annals of 
Kans;is. bul no other ever eniialled in intensitv of inferest and unexi)ect- 



HISTORY OF MONTciOJIEUY COUNTV. KANSAS. 01 

t'diioss thiit climax of Col. York's speech when he advanced to (he clci-k"s 
desk and laid down the two packages, one of them open and containing 
fL'.OOO. and the other, a brown paper parcel, tied with twine, which, 
when opened, was found to contain 13,000 more. Pomeroy's friends sug- 
gested an adjournment that he might have an opportunity to be heard in 
his own defence, but the mine had been sprung and the legislators were 
in no mood for temporizing. \\'hen the roll was called John J. Ingalls 
had received llo votes — all but 12 — and was declared elected, although 
in the two houses on the previous day he had but a single vote. Of the 12 
scattering, two were cast for Alexander M. York, and in view of the way 
he had upset all the calculations of the politicians it seems a wonder that 
he did not fall heir to Poir.eroy's seat. 

For a time after York had thus exposed Pomeroy and secured the 
overthrow of that rotton old rascal it seemed as if the sun rose and set 
about the Montgomery county senator, and there was nothing in the way 
of i)oliti(al preferment he might not seek and find. The press of the state 
and nation rung with laudations of his course. His speech on the floor 
of the joint convention was pronounced unequalled since Cicero uttered 
that awful philippic against Cataliue. A magnificent reception was 
tendered him when he returned to his home at Independence, and men of 
all parties united to do him homage. The name of York became a house- 
hold word, and he would have been deemed a pitiable croaker who would 
have even suggested the posibility that higher honors would 
not, in the future, be bestowed upon the incorruptable statesman from the 
banks of the Verdigris by an admiring and grateful people. After some 
time was past, however, the efl'ei'vescence of hysterical sentiment passed 
off', and York dropped into such obscurity as has fallen to the lot of but 
few other men in public life anywhere — certainly to tnone in Kansas. 

When it became known that York had not only solicited a bribe, but 
that he had done it as the culmination of a plot laid by Pomeroy's ene- 
mies to insure his downfall ; when York's own testimony convicted him of 
being a blackmailer, in the interest of his town though it was, the Mont- 
gomery county martyr found how fickle was public favor and his fall was 
as sudden and unpitied as his rise had been unexpected and meteoric. To- 
day there can be no (piestion, that if York had put that .fT.OOO in his 
pocket and walked oflf with it, in-stead of laying it on the table at the 
capitol, the people of Kansas would have more respect for him than they 
now do. For say what you will, it does not ])ay to fight the devil with 
fire, and of those who do evil tliat good may come, it shall be said forever 
and aye that "their damnation is just.'' 

Although 1873 was an "oft' year" ]>oIitically, 2.309 votes were cast, 
which was doing very well for a county that had been an Indian reserva- 
tion only four years previous. At this time the entire board of commi.s- 
sioners was choseu. and there was a new deal all around. Tieorge Hurst, 



62 lIISTOPa" OF MiiNTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

W. .1. Wilkius aud 1. H. Itiulil Ikmus; elected. ]*.. W. IVi-kins appeals ou 
till- s((<iH' as a candidate for district judge — perliajt.s, even then hoping 
the lie would be Congressman and Senator hereafter. He carried tlie 
conniy hy 1.198 votes to 1.007 for J. M. Scudder. his Deuiociatfc oppo- 
nent. The candidates for representative in the 6oth district were A. A. 
Sicwart and J. S. Riissuni. Stewart was elected hy (58 majority. He 
ser\ed another term later, published the Kansan. deserted his wife and 
left the county to settle in Washington state wh.ere he has since died. 
Russuni has been leasing lands heie for gas and oil for some years past. 
In the Ooth district the returns show that .lohn Hoyd received 570 votes 
to C S. Brown's 507, but Brown got the oflice. J. E. Stone was reelected 
sheriff aud John A. Helphingstine. clerk, ("ary Oakes got the treasury 
and George S. Beard, the lone Democrat elected, became register of deeds. 
Edwin Foster again became county surveyor and J. H. Kington, coroner. 

In 1874. the Republicans l)agged most of the game. L. A. Walker, 
one of the most far-sighted men Montgomery county has ever numbered 
among her citizens, was elected representative in the Independence dis- 
trict, over Ben >!. Armstrong, the Tt.'iiublican candidate, and Ex-Mayor 
James DeLong. T. (>. Ford so hvimI -a ic ilcriimi as district clerk, leading 
f'.T. Beach 44 votes. The old jmii,\ Ii;i.| ilir nsi ; Wm. Huston, that un- 
compromising Scotch-Irish prchihiii.iiiist. ;is representative from the 
eastern district; E. Herring, again for probate judge, defeating J. W. 
Hodges, of C'aney ; B. R. runningham again for superintendent of schools; 
aud A. B. Clark for county attorney, his Democratic com]ietitor being 
Will. Diinkiii. 1!. W. reikiiis ag.iiii carried the county for district judge. 
J. ]>. .McCiic being liis Dcnioci-ntic c,>iiiiietitor this time. 

Results wevc somewha.t mixeil in 1S75. The Democrats got the of- 
fices of shei'irt' and register of deeds — the former for the first time — J. T. 
I5rock securing that position and George S. Beard being re-elected in the 
latter . Brock has been in evidence in :\[ontg(unery county politics almost 
ever since, in one way or another, and is now d()ing business at Cherryvale 
as a real estate and insurance agent. Beard was. later, ihi the drug liusi- 
iiess with Thomas Calk in the Opera House riiarniacy, but went to Texas 
and located at San Antonio. The Keimblbans got E. T. Mears in as 
county clerk, re-elected Cary Oakcs as tieasurei-, and made B. R. Cunning- 
liaiii county surveyor and W. ^1. Robinson, coroner. Clears is still doing 
an abstract and real estate liusiness in Independence, but has be\n. for 
years, allied, politically, with the Broliibitionists. In the district, Wm. 
Stewart was elected re]iresentative o\cr Ceo. \\'. r.nrcliard, by a majority 
of one \dte. Burchard began his public career in ilie county as the editor 
of the Tribune, but got out when he had lo be dumped to keep it from 
straying from the straight and narrow path of Republicanism. He, later, 
became the editor and publisher of the Kansan. In the Coffeyville dis- 
trict the Republicans were likewise successful. J. ^f. Heddens being sent 



HISTORY or MONTGOMERY COUXTY, KANSAS. 63 

u> ToiicUa i>\vv \V. II. IJell. The tliree c-ouimissioner.s elected were J. E. 
Cole, over I ». C Krone; W. H. Barter, over J. S. Cotton; and T. K. I'itt- 
iiKiii. (ivcr .1. F. Outt. This made a I (euiocratic board. Harter being the 
oiilv IJcimblicaii elet-ted. It divided the county printing, giving it half 
and half to the Tribune and Kansan. 

The Hayes-Tilden contest was on in 1876. and not a solitary oppo- 
sition candidate was allowed io sli]i in. the Republicans cleaning up the 
lilatter. as they have almost always d-)ne in Presidential years. Colonel 
Daniel Grass, whose i)rea(hing al()ng some lines was so much beWer than 
his practice, and who did yeoman service on the stump for the Prohibitioji 
aniendn;ent four years later, was elected to the state Senate over B. F. 
Devore. the Democratic candidate. For this office there was also another 
Kichniond in the held in the persoin of ex-Senator A. M. York, who had, by 
this time, severed his connection with the Republican party and was mak- 
ing his canvass on the Greenback ticket. As this was his farewell ap- 
liearance in Montgomery county politics, and he had up to this time 
]ilayed the most conspicuous jiart of any citizen of the county in the 
drama of state politics, it must be noted that he polled 019 votes out of a 
total of 3. 829, and led his ticket a long way. For Representative O. F. 
("arson defeated Gapt. J. P.. Rowley, of the Kansan. in the first district. 
In the second L. I'. Hnmi>lney was again a candidate, and this time won 
over l>r. McGulley. against whom he was later to be pitted as a candidate 
for the Senate, and made his entrance into the field of state politics. In 
the lower district, W. C. Martin beat Levi Gladfelter, who, in after year.s, 
hecanic postmaster at Cauey, and J. P. Rood, who was later a successful 
candiilate for the same legislative office. H. H. Dodd got the district 
clerksliiji; John D. Hinkle, who is now judge of the city court of Spokane. 
Washington, became county attorney ; Herring went in again as probate 
judge; and Chas. T. Beach was made sujierinteindent of schools. This 
year the Greenback i)arty had a full ticket in the field and polled an 
average of nearly four hundred votes. That well-known citizen, George 
T. Anthony, was being voted for as a candidate for governor, and M. J. 
Salter, who subsequently became a resident of Independence, as Register 
of the r. S. Laud Office there, was elected lieutenant governor. 

In February. 1877, considerable excitement was occasioned when 
it was learned that County Treasurer Oakes had 139.34.3 of the county 
funds, which were by law required to be kept in the safe in his office, on 
deposit in Turner & Otis' bank, and the board of county commissioners 
took action on the lotb of tbat month, censuring him for that act and de- 
manding that he replace the funds in the safe in compliance with the law. 

This year a vacancy in the office of lieutenant governor was occa- 
sioned by Mr. Salter's acceptance of the land office appointment, and L. 
V. Humphrey became the republican candidate for that office and was 
elected. He carried Montgomery county by a majority of 278. but at the 



64 HISTORY OF MONTGOMEKY COIXTY. KANSAS. 

same lime A. H. Hoit.m. wlin was also inniiiiii; to till a varancy, on ac- 
roiiiit of tlio resiiiiiati.ai of Cliicf -I list ire Kiiigiiiaii. lost tin- .•oniity bv 

Oil the coniity tirket in 1STT ilif Democrats came nearer iiiakiuj; a 
clean swccji iliaii on any other oc.-asion in its history. .1. T. P.rock was 
re-elected sheriff ; John Mc('nllat;li <^oX tiie county clerk's place over 
Mears. who was a eauciidate for re-election: Joseph Barrieklow. an old 
Indian trader at Coffeyville, heat E. E. "Wilsou :j:5 votes for treasurer; and 
]•:. I'. Allen became register of deeds. The same iiarty got all the com- 
missioners, Henry Mxmnger in the first, (ieneial W. R. Brown, in the sec- 
ond and A. V. Boswell in the third. It only lost the coroner's and sur- 
veyor's ]ilaces. which went to W. M. Kobinson and A. (t. Savage. 

Over the result of this election the Kansan. the Democratic organ of 
the county, made merry Avith all the ]iicfures at its command, and har- 
rowed up the feelings of the Ke];ubli(ans Ity ridicule and sarcasm to such 
an extent that when the next year rolled around they were all lined up for 
the straight partey ticket. The only county office that got away was that 
of commissioner in the first district, where ••that sly old fox." as Henry 
Mounger was termed, easily won out auain. For governor, John P. Bt. 
John, whose name, later, became so much of a household word in the state 
and the nation, carried the county liy -j:'.:?; while Humphrey had nearly 
twice that majority for re-election as lieutenant governor. For the dis- 
trict judjieshiii. J. T. Brcadliead. of Indeiiendence, was pitted against 
Judge Perkins, but the latter was in the heyday of his popularity, and 
had a jilurality of l.tUH in the county. Harry Dodd was re-elecetd as dis- 
trict clerk; Judge Herring to the probate office; John D. Hinkle as county 
attorney; and (\ T. ISeacli as school superintendent. In the representative 
districts the o]iiiosition got two of the three; C. J. Corbiu winning in the 
4Tth and J. P. Kood in the 4!)th. The iStli was carried by A. B. Clark 
over three well known citizens. Abe Canary. M. S. Stahl. so long the land- 
lord at the Main Street hotel, and ex-Mayor James DeLong. This year 
was high water mark for the Greenback party, which jxdled more votes 
than the Democrats did for some of the offices. John S. (\»tton receiving 
l.ri.-(i for j.robate judge and (ieo. W. Clemmer >S7 for district clerk on 
that ticket. This was ( 'lemmer's second race in the county, and he s.xm 
afterward went back to Indiana wh<-re he succeeded belter as a candidate 
for county office. 

W hen the smoke cleared aw;iy after the political battle of 1879, the 
KeiMiblicaii oigau rejoiied that Moiilgoiiieiy cmiiiIv had been ''redeemed'' 
again. For sheritt. Lafayette Shadiey had 14S majority over his Demo- 
cratic opjionent, Ellis. The third man in the race was the Greenbacker. 
S. B. S<iuires. who was to be a successful aspirant for the same office 
eighteen vears later, and hold it longer than any other incumbent ever 
h;rs or ever will ai;aiii unless our const itiil ion is clianiied. Shadiey. after 



IIISTOKV OF MO.NTCOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 65 

two terms as slicrill in Ihc niiiciics. Iiccaiiii' a iiiciiihcr of llu> T. S. Indian 
police down in the ((sajic Nation, and was icillcd in a lijiiiit willi outlaws 
there — it being supposed that the notorious Dill Dalton tired the fatal 
shot. There were three ooinplete tickets in the field this year, and the 
Greenback party proved a formidable competitor to the old parties, poll- 
ing about 750 votes to the Republicans 1,30(1 and the Uemociats l.liOO. 
Karricklow was defeated for reelection as treasurer. Col. F. S. Piilmer 
winning that prize. The same fate befell John JlcCullagh, the clerk's 
office going to Ernest A. Way, a bright young school teacher whose undo- 
ing it proved. E. P. Allen was the only one of the old set to pull through, 
aside from the commissioner, as he was also one of the few office holders 
who were able to save money from their incomes. He subsequently went 
into the loan business and became president of tjie First National Bank, 
a position he still holds, (i. 15. Leslie was elected surveyor and Josiah 
Coleman, coroner. For commissioner. Gen. W. R. Brown, of the second 
district, j)ulled through by the rnarrow margain of two votes, beating P. S. 
Moore, who v.as subsequently to hold that offilce for three terms. "If at 
first you don't succeed, try, try again," seems to have been the hitter's 
motto. 

The year 18S0 will forever remain memorable in the history of Kan- 
sas as the one in which the prohibition amendment was adojited. Mont- 
gomery county gave it a good majority, every precinct contributing to it 
with the single exception of West Cherry, where the vote stood 59 for to 
fifl against. On the presidential ticket, the Republicans carried the coun- 
ty, but they lacked a good deal of having a majority over both the oppos- 
ing parties. Garfield had 1,77-1 votes, Hancock 1,295, and Weaver 694. No 
wonder fusion should be resorted to by the members of opposing parties 
in later years! Indeed, this year, the Republicans lost only the two 
places where the opponents had united on one candidate. This 
let A. P. Boswell in again as commissioner in the third dis- 
trict and helped J. P. Rood to knock t^enator Pefl'er out as 
a candidate for Representative in the same southern district. 
For Peffer this was the "unkindest cut of all," and he soon shook 
the dust of Montgomery county from his feet, to return no more, as he 
later, deserted the state when the Populists refused to reelect him as 
T'nited i^tates S'enator in 1897. Harry H. Dodd was elected for the third 
time as clerk of the district court, getting a longer incumbency of this 
office than any other clerk. lObeneezer Herring won his fifth and last 
race for the jn-obate judgeship. Ed. ^'anCJundy, a young lawyer, who had 
been a printer and newsjiaper ]iublisher in the early days, was made 
county attrrney, and given the first oiqioitunity to run up against that 
])itfall for such officials — the prohibition law. C. T. Beach also won a 
third race for school superintendent, the ''unwritten law" which forbids 
a Republican official in ^lontgomery county to be a candidate for a third 



66 IIlSTonV OF MONTGOMERY COINTY. KA.NiSAS. 

leriii not luning been enacted until (ilick defeated St. John iu 1SS2. For 
the Senate A. B. Chirk made a snccessfnl race — his hist one in the county 
— thou<:h he tried to get into the ganie time and ajjaiii afterward. The Re- 
publican Icuislativc candidates, J. H. Morris and Alexander Moore, were 
successful in the two northern districts. 

Tht)uyh the opposition united on candidates for every office except 
sheriU' and conuiiissionor in ISSl. they failed to score and the Republi- 
cans swept the jilattt'i- of cvcrytliing- in sight. Tom Mitchell, mar.shal 
of Independence, thought he was running for sheriff against Lafe Shad- 
ley until the returns came in. ^^'ylie, on the Greenback ticket, knew he 
had never been in it. The Democratic camjtaign was managed by Judge 
Mct'ue. and he made the mistake of supposing that the fewer Democratic 
caiulidates there were on the ticket the more chance there would be of 
electing tlctse. So when, on the eve of election, J. M. Ne\ins withdrew as 
a candidate foi clerk, he was sure Tom, on whom his hopes had been set, 
would win. Shad ley had ."lOii majority, however. E. E. ^^■ilson, who had 
been deputy tr.-a.surer for two terms, was promoted to the head place by 
a vote of 2.257 against (542 for his (Jreenback opponent. Gilbert Dominey. 
Ed. T-. Foster got there as register of deeds, Ernest Way was re-elected 
clerk, and <t. R. Leslie surveyor, while Dr. B. F. Masterman, the Repub- 
lican chairman, won whatever honor there was in the coroner's place. 
That hitherto successful politician, Henry Mounger, at last went to the 
wall as a candidate for re-election as commissionei-, and Will S. Hays, 
the most fearless and independent commissioner the (•■unity has ever had, 
took his place. 

When 1.S82 came around the rrohibition law was iu working order iu 
Kansas, and a good many people did not find it all they had hoped. The 
result was that George W. Glick, the first Democratic governor Kansas 
has ever had, was elected over John P. St. John, who was the third term 
Republican candidate. And yet, today, you will find Glick and St. John 
lying hap])ily in the same political bed. Montgomery county went back 
on her Republican record and gave Glick 310 majority. George Chandler, 
of Independence, received the entire vote of the county, 3553, as a candi- 
date for judge of the district court, and was elected. For the county 
offices the race was very close, only two of the candidates receiving over 
a hundred majority. Nelson F. Acres, the Democratic candidate for Con- 
gress, carried the county by ten votes over the ]ioi)ular Dudley C. Haskell. 
For probate judge, Thomas Harrison, one of the oldest settlers, beat 
Thos. G. Ayres, a Coffeyville attorney, only 15 votes. J. D. Hinkle got 
into the race again as a candidate for county attorney, but was beaten 
out of sight by J. D. McCue, who got the largest majority given in the 
county that year, 354. S. V. Matthews landed for district clerk by 4!). 
and G. B. Leslie, for re-election as county sujierintendent, by 28. Ilonois 
were easy in the representative districts. A. A. Stewart, of the Kansai!. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 67 

being elected iu the western, and Daniel JfcTaggart in the eastern. This 
was the beginning of the latter's protracted legislative career, which in- 
cluded three terms in the House and two in the Senate, and gave him a 
long lead over any other Montgomery county lawmaker. In the Indepen- 
dence district. Gen. Brown was knocked off the perch as conniiissioner by 
Wilson Kincaid, which gave the Republicans the control of the board for 
the first time since the pioneer days. The county printing went to the 
Star another year, but at ruinously low rates. And that was the last 
year in which an opposition newspaper has ever had it in the county. 

The proposition to build a new court house, submitted to the voters at 
this election, was defeated by 203 votes. Only 29 votes were cast against 
it in the city of Independence, and only 9 in its favor in Parker township, 
which included the city of Coffeyville. At Cherryvale, and in Cherry 
township only about half the voters took the trouble to express them- 
selves on the proposition, but those who did voted four to one against it. 
Only four of the townships — Caney, Rutland, Drum Creek, and Indepen- 
dence, gave majorities for the proposition. 

Although 1883 was another "off year" in politics, the opposition to 
the Republican party i)rofited little by that fact, all they succeeded in do- 
ing being to I'e-elect A. P. Boswell, from the southern district, for a 
third term as commissioner. Boswell was a thorough-going business 
man. and it was during his incumbency that county warrants were paid 
on presentation, for the only time in the history of the county, though as 
much credit must be given to Will S. Hays, the Republican commissioner 
from the first district from 1881 to 1883. as to any one for that result. 
J. T. Brock made his third race for sheriff this year and was beaten ouX; 
of sight by Joseph JlcCreary, a popular but peculiarly excitable citizen t^i,, 
Coffeyville, who later continued the enjoyment of oflice-holdjng by be- "^ 
coming postmaster at Coffeyville. E. E. Wilson, one of ^ue pioneer 
settlers, and perhaps the first historian of Montgomery county, was 
again elected county treasurer. Thomas R. Pittman, of Havana, a^former ' " 
county commissioner, and for years one of the Democratic wheelhorses 
of the county, had the pleasure of making the race against Wilson. H. 
W. Conrad, who is now, at the expiration of his term in the state Senate, 
serving as deputy in that oliRce, was elected county clerk. J. F. Nolte, 
then a Rutland township farmer, but now a rice planter in Texas, got the 
position of register of deeds. W. B. Rushmore was elected surve.yor alud 
E. A. Osborn, coroner. This year the Greenback party again had a 
ticket in the field, but it mustered only a corporal's guard of voters. H. 
Preston leading the ticket with 39 votes for surveyor. Owing to irreg- 
ularities in the office, Ernest Way had resigned the position of county 
clerk this year, and for the short term of three months his father, J. S. 
Way. was elected to fill the vacancy. 

In the I'residential year. 1884, the Democrats won in the nation, but 



68 HISTORY OF MONTGOMKKY CurNTY, KANSAS. 

iu our couiily the Republicans not only elected every candidate ou I heir 
ticket, but rolled uj) a greater average majority than ever before. Blaine, 
for president, had 826 to the good, a nd I'erkins, for Congress. S."i(i. the 
latter being then at the zenith of his popularity. Iluniphrey was again 
pitted against I>r. McCulley, this time for the state Senate, which provei 
for him the stepping stmie to the governorshij). J. A. Burdick and Daniel 
MVTaggart were elected Hcpicsentatives, the latter for his second term in 
the House. Samuel (". l{;iliott defeated J. 1). ^IcCue as a candidate for 
county attorney, his majcuity of 148 being the smallest for any candi- 
date. Elliott is credited with having enforced the prohibition law more 
vigorously and favored the liipior sellers less than any other county at- 
torney since the law went into effect. He lost his health in the early 
nineties, and died in the insane asylum at Osawatoiuie. Matthews was 
re-elected district clerk over A. A. Stewart, of the Kansan ; and (i. B. 
Leslie beat Mrs. K. C. Nevins. the Hemocratic landidate for sujierinten- 
dent of schools, and the first woman to run foi- office on the t-ounty tiikct 
of any ]iarty. .John Castillit. a Keiuddican, who afterward became idi'ii- 
titled with the Populist party, was chosen commissioner from the tirst 
district. The question of issuing bonds for the building of a court house 
was again submitted to the voters, and this time the projiosition carried 
by a majority of :n. The oj.position ai)peal<Ml to the courts anil delaye.l 
the bnildiiig for a year (U- mor(>. but the corner sl-me was laid Xoxem- 
ber ailth. ]88(). 

After the defeat of St. John as the liepidilican candidate for govern- 
or in 1SS2 — that defeat being erroneously altiilmled to tln' fad that he 
was then a candidate for the third term — it became the unwritten law 
that no Republican candidate in Montgomery county should be exposed 
to defeat by a third nomination, and the only exception made to the 
rule since that time was in the case of S. L. Hibbard. who was named as 
a catndidate for surveyor, in 1885, and duly elected, as were all the Re 
publican candidates that year, and who has held the ofMce ever since, be- 
ing re-nominated and re-elected as often as his term drew to a close. 
That year was not an exciting one politically. McCreary and Conrad 
got their second terms. Millard F. Wood was chosen county treasurei-. 
and .loliu L. (Jriffln, register of deeds. Dr. .M»< 'alley, who never refuse! 
to lead a forlorn hope, was defeated by I. 1!. W allace as a candidate for 
coroner. T. M. Bailey was chosen commissiDiiei- tr.-mi the liideiiendeiice 
distri<-t. Altogether it was a Republican crowd, the opjiosition being 
completely "whitewashed." 

In Novend)er, 1880, although there were a governor and state olliceis 
to elect, it was a f(U-egone conclusion that the Re])ublicans would win; 
and Colonel Tom Moonlight's campaign for governor against Colonel 
•lolni .\. .Martin, ^\ ho was out for a second term, was ratlan- a perfunclor\- 
oii.>. This year the Republican majority in the county was 410. In the 



HISTORY OF ilONTOOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 69 

fii;liT (i\('i' tlie local oflices, the battle \vaged fiercest about (lie jirobate 
jii(!<;('^lii]). For this place General W. K. Brown, who had not only com- 
manded President Hayes" regiment in the civil war, but who had been 
county commissioner for two terms here, was the Democratic candidate 
for that office and Colonel A. 1'. Forsythe, who had at one time been 
elected to congress by a Greeinback-Republican combination, in Illinois, 
was his oi)i>oiient. Hrown won by 223 votes. The rest of the ticket the 
Republicans elected. J. B. Ziegler and Captain Daniel McTaggart going 
to the Legislature; J. \V. Simpson being made district clci k ; I). W. 
Kingsley. superintendent of schools; and Sam Elliott get ling a second 
term as county attorney. George Foster was elected commissioner from 
the Coffey ville district, A. V. Boswell at last going down in defeat. It 
was thought that he would be re-elected as long as he lived, but having 
been made one of the appraisers for the right of way for the I). M. & A. 
Railroad across the soutli side of the county, he failed to please all the 
men who wanted big damages and lost his popularity to a degree that 
insured his defeat. 

This year George Chandler, of ludeiiendence, was the Republican 
candidate for re-election to the office of district judge and there was no 
organized opposition to his candidacy in the district. In fact, as in 1882, 
he received the entire vote of the electors of Montgomery county for that 
high office, 4,7t)5 of them recording their ballots in his favor and none 
against. Chandler made a fine reputation as an upright judge, but was 
noted for being especially harsh and severe with applicants for divorce, 
having no patience with men and women who had found their matrimon- 
ial bonds irksome, and were endeavoring to sever them. His incisive 
questions going down to the most sacred privacies of the marriage re- 
lation and his bullying manner came to be dreaded by all such unfortun- 
ates, and the procuring of divorces gi'ew unpopular. Probably there 
were far fewer divorces in the district during his term on the bench on 
account of this idiosyncracy of his. When Harrison became President 
in March, 1889, Judge Chandler was tendered the position of Assistant 
Secretary of the Interior, which he accepted, resigning the judgship to 
do so. • After some yeai's in Washington his family returned to Indepen- 
dence, but he still remained there, having formed a law parttnership with 
Ex-Senator Perkins, when the latter's term expired. Subsequently, in the 
year 1895. Mr. Chandler became the defendant in a suit for divorce 
brought by the mother of his children. He did not contest this suit and 
consented to a decree by which his property in this county was settled 
upon his wife. Subsequently came the news that he had married a woman 
who had been a stenographer or typewriter in his office while he was still 
living with his family at the national capital. In view of these occur- 
rences many people thought it a great pity that he could not himself have 



70 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY', KANSAS. 

profited by the lectures on conjugal constancy that he had been so free 
to give those who came to his court asking for divorces. 

The fall of 1887 witnessed another perfunctory political canvass in 
whicli the Republican ticket was elected by default, the only contest 
worth the name being over the sheriff's office, where -John C. Hester, of 
Fawn Creek, beat John J. Anderson, the best known auctioneer Mont- 
gomery county has ever had. by 249 votes. Wood, (iriffin, Hibbard and 
Wallace were re-elected by majorities between 7(10 and 1.(1(1(1. and George 
W. Fulmer l)ecame county clei'k. Xoah K. Itoiunn got the conimissiener's 
j)lace in the first district. 

Republican i)luralities in this county reached another high water 
mark in 1888 when Benjamin Harrison led (irover Cleveland 1.054 votes, 
and rs. W. Terkins, for Congress, had 1.084 better than his Democratic 
competitor. John A. Kalon. There Avere tlnee rickets in the field, so far 
as state and nalimial caiididali's wnc cMici'iiicd. ]n\t the opposition to 
the Re]mblicans iiiiilcd (ui si-vciiil (if ilii- iiiiiiiiy i-aiididates. and we saw 
the first beginnings of the fusiun thai was lining to pUiy such havoc with 
Reiiublican ho])es a few years later. For stale Senator there was a tri- 
angular contest of great bitterness. Daniel MiTaggart was the Repub- 
lican nominee. Wni. Dunkin, the Democratic, and Adam Beatty. the Union 
Labor. A good deal of op])osition to ilcTaggart develojied in the Repub- 
lican ranks, so much, in fact, that he ran more than :500 votes behind his 
ticket, but in the three-cornered fight he pulled through by the safe plu- 
rality of 347 over his Denu)cratic opponent. J. B. Zeigler was re-elected 
licjiicsentative in the western district, and Captain I). Btewart Elliott 
was successful in the eastern. Such a contingency as the hitter's death 
from a riiilijijiine bullet in the island of Luzon was then as remote from 
his tlumghts as anythifng in the future can possibly be from the readers 
today. Foi- inoliatc judge (ienej-al Brown was defeated for re-election by 
Cliailcs TL Ilog.iii. a liepublican then, but since a I'ojtulist. who made one 
of the most efficient officials the county ever had in that position. Sinij)- 
son and Kingsley got their second terms, and O. I'. P]rgenl)right was 
elected county attorney. V. S. ]Moore. who had been defeated in 1870 as 
a candidate for county commissioner, won out this time and Began his 
nine years' term in that position. 

^^'hen the office of judge of the district court for the eleventh district 
becan.e vacant by the resignation of George Chandler, the governor ap- 
pointed John N. Ritter. of Cherokee county, to fill the vacancy until an 
election could be held. Against Judge Ritter as a candidate on the Re- 
l)ublican ticket in Novendjer, 1889, the Democrats ran J. I). McCue. of 
Independence, in many respects one of the finest jurists the state has 
produced. Although Ritter carried Montgomery county by 150, McCue 
■was elected for the remaining year of the Chandler term. 

For the county offices at' stake that fall the L'e|)ublicans did not 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 7 I 

UKikc .III t'lilircly clean sweep, T. F. Callahan getting the sheriff's office 
away from -loliii <'. Hester, who was a candidate for re-election, but who 
had proved an unpopular official. The Union I^abor party had a full tick- 
et in the field this fall, and so did the Democrats, except for the office of 
county clerk. For this position Geoi'ge W. Fulmer was reelected by a 
majority of 1,681, which is the largest thus far recorded in the county 
where there was any contest at all. Thomas H. Earnest, now postmaster 
at Cherryvale, was successful by only 74 over his Democratic competitor, 
George B. Thompson, for register of deeds. Mark Tulley got the prize of 
the county treasury, which then paid a salary of .14.000 a year; and S. 
Tillman, a coloi'ed barber at Independence, was made coroner. W. N. 
Smith was the new commissioner chosen in the southern district this fall. 
He is now a member of the city council of Independence. 

The "Alliance year" is what 1890 has come to be termed in the polit- 
ical annals of Kansas, and the wave swept over ^Montgomery engulfing 
the entire Republican ticket, with two exceptions. The Democratic and 
Peoples' parties did not unite on the state ticket, and with two candi- 
dates to divide the opposition vote Humphrey got through with a plu- 
rality of 411 for governor in the county. On the local ticket, however, 
tliere was complete fusion. For district judge, McCue ran against 
A. B. Clark, a ])0])ular Republicrin, and led him by 736. Ben. Clover beat 
the hitherto invincible I'erki ns for Congress and left him over three 
hundred votes in the shade. Samuel Henry and A. L. Scott, the fusion 
candidates, were elected to the legislature. Daniel Cline became probate 
judge; J. H. Norris, district clerk; and J. R. Charlton, county attorney. 
The successful Republicans were Alexander Nash for superintendent of 
schools, aind Noah Bouton, who got through for re-election as commis- 
sioner by the narrow margain of four votes, over John Hook. For a sec- 
ond time the opposition to the Republican party had broken over the 
fence and got into the pasture. Although a popular favorite, Mr. Nash, 
one of the Republicans referred to, long afterward made a record that 
is unenviable by deserting his wife at Coffeyville while their child lay 
dead in the house. Since that time his whereabouts have been known to 
none of his friends in Montgomery county. 

It took the Republicans but a short time to get their "second wind" 
in the county and make a successful fight against the combination that 
had downed them. In 1891 they were confronted by a united opposition, 
but easily elected their entire ticket, with the exception of the candidate 
for sheriff. In this office Tom Callahan had rendered himself very popu- 
lar, and was besides an excellent politician and a good campaigner. Still 
he pulled through with the beggarly majority of 26, only. George H. 
Evans, jr., became county clerk; and Tulley, Earnest, Hibbard, Tillman 
and Moore were re-elected. The "Alliance" wave had evidently spent its 
force. 



72 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 

lu 1892 the Democrats of Kansas supported General Weaver and the 
Populist electors for Cleveland's sake, but this county gave the Harrison 
electors 1!I3 majority, and two more for Ex-Governor Anthony for Con- 
gressman-at-Large. Humphrey made his last political race as a candidate 
for Re])reseutative in Congress from the Third district, and while he was 
defeated and retired to private life at the expiration of his termasgovern- 
or in the following January, he ran about a hundred votes ahead of his 
tii'kel in his house county. McTaggart was re-elected as state Senator by 
the straight i)arty vote. The county had been unjustly deprived of half its 
rei>resentati<)n in the House, and A. L. Scott was the fusion candidate. 
Against him was pitted F. M. P.eneflel. of Cofteyville. a man who played 
a conspicious part in the politics of the county for several years, and 
who was capable of making a very taking stump speech. The old member 
fared worse than most of the other candidates. Nash was i-e-elected sup- 
erintendent of schools by an overwhelming vote, and Norris was defeated 
for re-election as district clerk by W. C. Foreman. W. E. Ziegler won the 
jirizc of the comity attorney's office, and W. X. Smith was re-elected 
as coiiiiiiissioiu'r li.iiii tlu' sonlhern district. In fact the only thing the 
ojiposition to ilic K(pr;oli(:i!i party sav(Ml out of the v.-reck was the pro- 
bale judgeshi]). wliicli went to Haiiicl ("line, a ropulist. by the narrow 
mai-gin of eleven votes. 

The fall of is;»;'> witnessed another triangular fight for the offices, 
the Democrats and I'o])ulists running separate tickets. The latter polled 
about twice as many votes as the former, but their combined vote barely 
equalled the Rei)ublican strength. The i)endulum had swung clear over 
again and the o]i]>osition did not elect a man. Frank C. Moses became 
sheritT, and served the full limit of four years. The office-holding habit 
still clung to him, however, and he is just linishing his second term ij* 
mayor of Indpendeuce. J. R. Blair came uj) from Caney to become treas- 
urer, defeating two Confederate veterans, E. T. Lewis and J. ]\I. Altaffer. 
John AA'. Glass, of Colfeyville. was made county clerk; J. T. Stewart, of 
Sycamore, got the ].ositioii of register of deeds;'Dr. R. F. O'Rear replaced 
the coloied liailn i ::s ccvoiicr; and N. F. Veeder. of Clierryvale, the most 
corntpt. (irobably. or all Montgomery county's corruiit jxditicians. got 
into the boar<l of county comnnssioners. 

l.dw water mark for the Democrats of MoiitgoiiuMv county came 
with the election of 1804, when their candidate for governor, the brilliant', 
but shifty, Overmeyer. received but 429 votes to 2,ftf}4 cast for L. D. 
1-ewelliiig as a candidate for re-election. And there was no single attri- 
bute of manhood in Avhich Overmeyer. with all his faults, real and al- 
leged, did not tower high above the first Populist governor of Kansas. 
Morrill, the Re])u1)!ican candidate, had a clear majority of 142 over both. 
:Many DeiiMicrats undoubtedly voted for Lcwelling as the only way to 
be;it (lie ccu:ic.<ii! enemy; and the I'oj.iiiist sicvci- llnd such a lead as the 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 73 

fij^ui-cs ahove given would indicate. McCue was agaiu a candidate for 
district judge, but failing to get the opposition parties to unite on his 
candidacy, ran as an independent, his name appearing in a column all by 
itself. He was o])i>i)sed by A. R. Skidmore, of Columbus, a man hitherto 
unknown in puliiiis outside of his own county. To tell the whole story 
of the fight m:i(!r :m:iiiisi .Judge ilcCue by ex-C'ommissioner Will S. Hays, 
who went over ihe disuict charging him with venality and with subser- 
viency to corporations, and convincing the voters that he was lacking in 
integrity, would require a volume in itself. So confident was McCue of 
election during the early days of the canvas that he used to introduce his 
opponent to voters, and then egotistically remark to his frieinds what a 
poor show the Cherokee county man made beside him. Skidmore, how- 
ever, beat him 850 in this county and some thousands in the district, and 
McCue's political career was ended. 

r.enefiel was elected agaiu as Representative over S. JK l>ixoii. an- 
other good talker, who soon found he ])referred other fields when office 
was denied him here. And Beneflel was the man, who, during the next 
sessi(.n of the legislature, was credited with having killed the bill to re- 
duce <1 ;'■:.- M ■'.'.:■ stock yards, for a considerati<(n. N. E. Bouton, the 
out-goiiiL I --inner, became i)robate judge, defeating H. 1). Farrel, 

who w;- ;:i-i linily to fill the office for two terms, and J. J. Mull. It 
was a tlucc-curiieicd contest all the way through oin the county ticket, 
exce])t the county superinteudency, and there Miss Anna Keller, the first 
woman ever elected to office in the county, defeated M. C. Handley by 265 
votes. ^V. E. Ziegler was elected county attorney over two leading at- 
torneys at the Independence bar at this time — Thos. H. Stamford and 
F. J. Fritch. W. C. Foreman beat John T. Caldwell and Tom Harrison 
for district clerk. James Thompson, an utterly illiterate Coffeyville ne- 
gro, became coroner. P. S. Moore was re-elected commissioner from the 
first district. It was again a Republican year. 

At this election the woman's suffrage amendment to the constitution 
was voted on and there was a nuijority of 256 against it in the county. 
Cherryvale, Louisburg, Rutland and Parker, alone gave majorities for the 
proposition. A proposition to make an appropriation if |8, ()()(» to buy a 
county poor farm carried by a vote of 2.708 to 1,321. 

The last triangular contest that has occurred in the county took 
place in 1895. Frank Moses was re-elected as sheriff over Revilo Newton 
and J. B. Sewell. J. R. Blair got a second term as treasurer, distancing 
Ben. Ernest and Daniel Cline. John W. Glass came up from Coft'eyville 
to take the cour.ty clerkship, running in between B. F. Devore and Jos- 
eph H. Xorris. J. T. Stewart became register of deeds, defeating E. B. 
Skinner and J. W. Reeves. Hibbard. of course, succeeded himself as 
surveyor, and so did Thompson as coroner. D. A. Cline, one of tVe most 
forceful of our county commissioners, made his appearance on the fieM 



74 IIISTOnV OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

of county politics as the uew lueiiiljer from the Coti'eyville district, de- 
feating J. P. Etchen and Joseph Lenhart. 

After so long a series of unbrolien successes, tlie Republicans nat- 
iirally and reasonably expected to elect their entire ticket in the pi'esi- 
dential year, 189G. The promulgation of the gold-standard platform at 
the Si. Louis convention was a solar plexus blow to those hopes, however. 
So general aind so earnest was the protest against this change of base on 
the i)art of the Montgomery county Republicans, that it is a conservative 
estimate to say that a thousand of them, or one-third of the total strength 
of the party in the county, were outside of the breastworks when the 
June roses were blooming. Every device known to the most astute poli- 
ticians was employed to bring them back into the party ranks during that 
summer and fall, however, and day by day the recalcitrants were being 
whipped into line. When election came in November, probably not more 
than l'.")!) of those June bolters were still bolting. But that was enough. 
The decisive day approached with each side confident of victory. When the 
votes had been canvassed it was found that the fusion ticket nominated 
by the Topulists, Democrats and Silver Republicans, and sui)ported by 
all the Bryan men, had been elected from top to bottom. It was the most 
sweeiiiiig political victory ever won in the county, extending to the town- 
shij) offices, as well as those higher up. Indeed it was facetiously said 
that only a single road overseer had been saved out of the wreck. This 
was a slight exaggeration, but the usual dominant party had failed to 
carry a single township, though having a majority in all the cities, and 
had but one township trustee to its credit — the Cherry township candi- 
date having scratched through. 

Bryan led JIcKinley -134, while the Gold Democrats counted 27 votes 
and the middle-of-the-road Populists, 29. Ridgley had 398 over Kirkpat- 
rick for congress; H. W. Young, a Populist editor, was elected state Sen- 
ator over Oeorge W. Fulnier. who made that record-breaking race for 
county clerk in 1889, by 346; Isaac B. Fulton, an old Greenback war- 
horse, was made Representative by a nmjority of 332 over the Republican 
candidate, J. F. Guilkey; H. D. Ferrell turned the tables on Noah E. 
Ronton, and got the probate judgeshij) by 209; H. :M. Levan, the first 
Silver Re])ublican to be elected in the county — and the only one — had 
359 over A. R. Slocum; John Gallahan, for county attorney, "led" the 
ticket with a majority of 548 over W. N. Banks; J. N. Dollison, for 
county su])erintendent. came next with 437 more votes than Miss Keller; 
i'n the first district John Givens got in over Yeeder by the narrow mar- 
gain of 10 votes. It was the first clean sweep the ojiposition to the Re- 
pul)lican party had ever made in the county, and to the present writing 
they have never made another. 

According to precedent, ii rciwiinn fnim the free silver victory of 
1890, and a swing of the pendulum in the opposite direction, was to have 



HISTORY OP MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 75 

been expected iu 1897. It was cmly partially realized, though, and the 
fusionists succeeded in baggiug the best of the game. The Populist Leg- 
islature had passed an act at the Legislative session of that year estab- 
lishing a county high school at Independence. This act had caused a 
great deal of criticism iu some portions of the county. Notably, this fire 
burned brightly wherever there was an aspirant for Legislative honors, 
who had failed of nominaticin or election in the recent past. The Popu- 
list members of the Legislature were denounced without stint for their 
share in the passage of the measure, and many Republican politicians 
seemed to be of the opinion that the anti-high school sentiment alone 
needed to be appealed to in order to insure the success of their ticket. 
Accordingly Indepeindence Republicans were turned down hard when the 
nominating cclnventions were held, and a ticket, that was, on the whole, 
a weak one, was placed in the field. The fusionists were afraid of the 
same issue and also tabooed Independence aspirants, except for commis- 
sioner, where Henry Baden was i'nduced to accept a nomination in order 
to prevent both Populist and Democratic candidates from going on the 
ballot. The contest was a close one, and it required the official count to 
decide who had been elected treasurer. E. B. Skinner, a Democrat, of 
Caney, won the place by only fifteen votes, over J. A. Palmer. S. B. 
Squires, the defeated Greenback candidate of '79 got his iinning at last, 
with a majority of 237 over T. C. Harbourt. D. S. James, another Pop- 
ulist, got in as county clerk by CO votes over R. B. Handley. And the 
same figure told T. F. Burke's Republican majority for register of deeds, 
M. D. Wright being his ••Silver Republican" opponent. Dr. Rader was 
re-elected coroner, and Hibbaid ]iullcd through once more for surveyor, 
with, for him, the meagre mujoriry of lii7. F. E. Taylor left Baden just 
51 votes behind in the race for coiiiniissioner, thus obtaining a Re'publi- 
caln majority in the board. 

This year the first election of a board of county high school trustees 
occurred, and the opponents of the school made a strong efl'ort to secure 
the election of the candidates known to be opposed to the school. The coun- 
seat took care of its own in this matter, and the three candidates who 
were fought because friendly to the school won by over 900 majority. 
The board as elected consisted of Wm. Dunkin, Thomas Hayden, .J. A. 
Moore, M. L. Stepheins, Revilo Xewton and Adam Beatty. Except the 
last named, they were the same as the appointees by the commissioners 
the previous spring. Mr. Beatty was chosen in place of E. A. Osborne, 
who had declined a nomination. 

In 1898 the Republican reaction, which was so pronounced in the 
state, barely gave that jiarty a lead in the county, which Stanley carried 
over Leedy for governor by 27. For Congress the fusioin candidate, 
Ridgley, won by 40. For the county offices the fusion candidates who 
iad been elected in 1896 were all again candidates and were everj one re- 



76 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 

elected. By virtue of his office County Superintendent Doilisou was 
president of tlie hoard of tj-ustees of tlie county high scliool. and as bit- 
terly as lie was fonj;lit on that accou'iit in some of the townshijis, no less 
ardently was he supported hy his townsmen re-jardless of party. But 
for the fifiht made on Independence and Independence candidates by the 
anti-l;igh school party, it is hardly probable the fusion ticket would have 
been again elected. As it was the Republican candidates for Represen- 
tative H. W. Conrad, in the western district and F. M. Benefiel in the 
eastern, were both successful, as was also D. A. ("line for re-election as 
commissioner in the Cotfeyville district. Rkidmore carried the county 
again for judge by a majority of 593 over Thos. H. Stanford, of Indepen- 
dence, the fusion candidate. 

The incumbents of the county offices were all candidates for a second 
term in ISO!), with the exception of Commissioner (livens, and they were 
all successful. Sijuires had only 57 for sheriff and James but 55 for 
county clerk. The former ran against Paxton, who is now a dejmty in 
the office, and the latter against McMurtry who won the clerkslii]! at 
the next election for that office. Perseverance in office-seeking, as in 
everything else, counts in the Jong run. Skinner had Palmer for an op- 
ponent again for the treasniy. biil it didn't require the official count this 
time to settle the matter, his majoiiiy being 242. Burke, the only Repub- 
lican in the crowd, ran against P. S. Brunk and had the largest majority 
— 353. For commissioner in the northern district, N. F. Veeder made his 
third race and won his second electicm, defeating M. L. McColluni by 15(1. 
Wilson Kincaid, on the Republican ticket, and E. I*. Allen, on the fusiofn, 
were elected high school trustees, both being Independence men. At 
this time there can be no (piestion that the county had a normal Repub- 
lican majority, but the aiteiiiiil of Ihc Rejiublicans to make political cap- 
ital against the fusionists o\ci- ilic jiigh school issue was still resented, 
and the small vote the Kciiuliliiaii candidates received at the county seat 
was responsible for their defeat. The commissioners submitted at this 
election a pro](osition to appro5)riate .f 5,000 for the erection of addition- 
al buildings at the county poor farm, which was overwludmingly defeat- 
ed, receiving but 1,L'94 votes to 2,10!) cast against it. 

By the time the Presidential election of 1!J(I0 r.illcj arouiKl, tiu' Re- 
])ul)licans had regaiUied their hold on ^Montgomery count \. and elected 
their full ticket for the fust time since 1895. The majorilies were not 
lai'ge. but ample. McKinley had 21S over Bryaii ; Wooley, tiie Prohi- 
bition candidate, received :!1 votes; the Socialists appeared for the first 
time in the couiily i-etnrns, Eugene V. Debs getting 1!) votes; while Whar- 
ton Barker, as a niiddle-of-the-road Populist, had one lone supporter, 
Henry W. Conrad, one of the j)ioneer settlers, who came to the county in 
IXiJS, was elected stale Senator by 2i!7 voles over .1. II. Wilcox, the fusion 
candidate. 11. C. Dooley was elecled represeulalive in the eastern dis- 



IIISTOUY OF IIOXTUOMEUV COITXTY, KANSAS. 77 

ti-icl, i;('tliiij; 1 .S(I2 votes to 1 .IJil!"! cjist for (i. W. Wingiito. In the wcst- 
fiii disfiict .1. (). Whistler won, with 1,51] to 1,4:^ for T. W. Truskctt. 
M'. 1'.. Soulc. :i <"ht'rr.vvale attorney, was elected probate judge by ISO, 
oMM- E. T. Lewis. L. I). Winters beat B. E. ("ole 826 votes for district 
clei-k. J. N. Dollisou ran for the third time as the fusion candidate for 
sujierintendeut of schools ;i)nd was beatiui I'M) votes by Sullivan Loniax. 
J. H. Dana and Mayo Thomas were jtitted against each other foi' county 
attorney, and Dana got 90 votes the most. Henry Norton, the fusion can- 
didate fo rconimissioner, came within four votes of landing, but F. E. 
Taylor was re-elected. J. M. Oourtney and E. D. Leasure were elected 
hiiih srhool trustees. 

Tlic co'iistitutional anu'iuliiicnt increasing the number of judges of 
tli(^ su])renu' rourt from tlirc(> to seven received a majority of 1,.")79 in the 
county. 

The year li)01 saw less politics in the county than any other itn its 
entire history. The legislature had enacted a law doing away with 
elections- for county officers, as far as possible, in the odd-numbered 
years, and there were only two county high school trustees and a com- 
missio'ner in the southern district to elect. A very light vote was cast, 
but Abner Green and P. H. Fox. the Republican candidates, were elected 
high school trustees, and D. A. ('line was made commissioner for the third 

AA'hen 10(12 came around there was. of course, a full complement of 
county officials to elect. JJeauwhile the sheriff, treasurer, county clerk 
and register of deeds had held over for an additional year, making a five- 
year term for each of them. This year Republican majorities begain to ap- 
proacli high water mark again, the influx of population resulting from the 
establishment of many manufacturing industries in the cities, having 
very evidently inured to the benefit of that party. W. J. Bailey, the Re- 
publican candidate for governor, came out 580 votes ahead. For con- 
gressman. P. P. Campbell, the candidate of that party, led Jackson, the 
Democratic incumbent. 005 votes. The majority for judge was even 
greater. For this office T. J. Flannelly, who had been serving by appoint- 
ment since the creation of a new district composed of Montgomery and 
Labette couneies. was the Republican candidate. Against him was pit- 
ted Captain Howard A. Scott, a veteran of the Twentieth Kansas, who 
had served in the Philippines. Flanuelly's majority was 090. Soule was 
re-elected probate judge by a majority of 013 votes over (i. R. Snelling, 
The fusion candidate. Winters succeeded himself as district clerk, beat- 
ing Roy Baker 810 votes and leading the ticket. Lomax for county sup- 
erintendent, got a second term, ruuining 090 ahead of J. O. Ferguson, his 
Democratic competitor. For sheriff, Andy Pruitt beat Squire's deputy, 
A. W. Knotts, 272. J. W. Howe was elected treasurer over Charles Todd 
by 409 majority. S. McM.urtry ran again for county clerk ami led Arlev 



78 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Kijigs, liis KiMiiitc-ratic coiupetitor, 791 votes. Foi- regi.stei- of deeds an- 
other rhilippiue soldier, T. J. Straub, aud the first to get office in the 
oouuty. wou over George Hill, bis Democratic competitor, by a majority 
of 374. Hibbard aud Rader, for surveyor aud corouer, weut iu along with 
the rest. For representative in the western district, J. O. Whistler was 
re-elected by 228 over J. A. Wylie. In the eastern district, J. H. Keith, 
a Cofl'eyville Democrat, won by 2<> over Dr. T. F. Andress, liis Republican 
oi)i)oueut. The hardest fight was over the office of county attorney, for 
which Dana and Thomas, the candidates of two years previous, were both 
in the race again. Daina had failed so utterly to enforce the prohibition 
law, or to even make any attem])t to do so. and it was so generally under- 
stood that he was in the jiay of the violaters of the law. that he ran some 
hundreds behind his ticket, and lost out by just eight votes. For com- 
missioner in the first district. A'eeder was a candidate for the fouth time 
and for a third term, but he lost by 1(> votes to John Givens, who had 
defeated him l)y a still smaller majority in 1896. This could hardly be 
counted a Republican defeat, however, as there were localities in the dis- 
trict where nioic Rcjiublicans voted for Givens than for Veeder, whose 
record as a biidgc liuilder and a friend of the contractors who had bribes 
to dislribnic, liad (inncd nianv of th<' best nidn in his own partv against 
hiiii. 

Siiili in brief is the record of th(^ iiolitiral history of Montgomery 
comity, 'i'lic c.ilaiogue of the men who have held office or been candidates 
in llic coi.iiiiy is a long one. but the list of men who have been enriched 
tinan<ially n\- laid the foundations of a comfortable competency from 
savings out of official salaries is so small that it can be checked off on the 
fingers of one hand. The time, the money and the energy that have been 
devoted to office-seeking here in the jtast third of a century would cer- 
tainly have told for niore in almost aliiv other line of business. 



• 'llAl'TKi: VI. 
Towns of Montg-omery County 

I'.v \i. \y. vol Nu. 
Lost Towns 

Among (lie liisloric towns of Montgomery county which no longer 
lia\c an abiding |ilace on the earth, nor a locati'm on the map, the first 
to be nicnlioncd must lie Verdigris ("ity. which was laid out by Captain 
]>aiiicl .McTaggait. aind others, in .May, iscii. Its location was about 
two and a half miles west ;lnd half a u\\\v north of the present town of 
Libeily. The farm of Senator H. W. Coni-ad now occupies the site of this 
city llial was lo be. which was ihe first county seat of Montgomery coun- 
ty. Il had. |)cr!iai.s. a dozen houses and fortv or flflv inhabitants in the 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 79 

lievday of its pvosiicrity. but it was i;i-eater in ('xpt'ctations than in any- 
thins else. 

Montgomery City comes next in order. It was founded near the 
mouth of Drum ("reek by K. W. Dunhip. who was an Indian trader there 
and the first postmaster commissioned in the county. It was in this 
neighborhood that the treaty for the cession of the Osage U\nds, which 
opened the coii^nty to white settlement, was ratified on the 10th of Sep- 
tember, 1870. This embryo city also had county seat aspirations; but it 
early became evident to the founders of the towns east of the river that 
to divide their forces was to lose the fight. So the two cities which have 
been mentioned were abandoned while too young to shift for themselves, 
and the i)artisans of both united in locating "Old Liberty" on the hill 
about a (|uarter of a mile to the east of ilcTaggart's dam and mill on the 
V>erdigris, and just across the road to the east of the resid(<nce so long 
occupied by Senator McTaggart. and on who.se porch he breathed his last. 

The contest for the location of the county seat was a short one, and 
when Independence won in the district court in May, 1870, Goodell Fos- 
ter, who had been he wheel horse in the tight for Liberty, accepted the sit- 
uation among the first and moved to Independence. A few months later 
he traded his corner lots in what was to have been the metropolis of 
Montgomery county, to a Liberty merchant, for four hats of medium 
quality. When the railroad was built down the east side of the county, 
Liberty was moved, houses, name and everything, to the railroad three 
miles to the southeast, where the present city of Liberty is located. 

As mentioned elsewhere iu this volume, when the founders of I nde- 
I)endence reached that place they found the town of Colfax already laid 
out by George A. Brown, a mile and a half to the northwest. That site 
was at once abandoned in favor of Independence. The only other com- 
petitor Tndepdndence ever had on the west side of the river was the 
wholly mythical town of Samaria, which was supposed to be somewhere 
in the neighborhood of Walker Mound, and which received the honor of 
a vote at one of the elections as a candidate for county seat. 

Then there was the city of Morgantown, located two and a half miles 
northeast of Independence, about where the school house now stands 
iln district No. o(i. which is known as the "Morgantown" school house. 
Hei'e Morgan Brothers had a very extensive general store in which they 
had almost everything for sale that could be needed in a pioneer com- 
munity, and there was a blacksmith shop and several houses. Charles 
Morgan, who has been so long since a prominent character at Indepen- 
dence, and who is now city marshal there, was one of the firm that gave 
name to this embryo city. Competition with Independence i>roved too 
strong for the young town, however, and its business was gradually ab- 
sorbed by its rival across the Verdigris. 

As a co-nnecting link between the dead and the living towns of the 



8o HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

couHl.v Kadiiiil (Mty. six miles northwest of ludepeuileiue ainl lialf a 
mile iiorlli nf KIk liver, iiiiist be mentioned. It was founded in 1801) by 
Colonel Samuel Young, but it never tlourished, and at the best made but 
a rural hamlet. When the Missouri I'acitic railroad was built itt 1886, 
the station of Larimer was established a little more than a mile to the 
•northeast, across Sycamore creek, and the i)Ostoftice removed to that 
point. Since then Radical ("ity has been fading away. 

Villag'es and Postofftces of the County 
Tyro 

.Vmonji the villages of the county. Tyro occupies a front rank, with a 
humlicd Iniildings of all kinds and about two hundred people. It was 
laid out lln the tall of 188(), when the Denver. Memphis & Atlantic rail- 
road was built through the south jtart of the county, and has been a sta- 
tion on that line ever since. Joseph Lenhart was the founder of the 
town and laid it out. He and William Chambers moved in the spring 
of ]S,'»:7 on the town site from a (piarter of a mile south, Lenhart estab- 
lishing a general store near the depot, and Chambers locating his hotel 
in the same vicinity. Lenharfs store has ever since been the largest mer- 
cantile establishment of the jjlace. There are now four other stores, a 
lumber yard, meat market, barber shop, restaurant, feed mill, livery 
stable and three blacksmith shops. There are also two jihysicians, three 
or four grain buyers. car|ienters, jiainters and other mechanics. 

The question of a hall for jiublic entertainments and religious meet- 
ings early agitated the peojde and it was solved by the donation of a site 
by .Mr. and .Mrs. Lenhart in the following uuiipic document; 
To all whom it may concern: 

Know all men by the.se presents that we. Josejjh Lenhart and S. D. 
Ivenhart. Imsba ud and wife, do covenant and agree with the people of 
Tyro and vicinity, in the county of .Montgomery, and state of Kansas, that 
lots Nos. 22, 2:? and 24, in block 42 in the village of Tyro, county and state 
aforesaid, as ]ier recorded plat thereof, shall forever lor so long as it may 
be used for such jmrposes) be for the use and services of the said people 
of Tyro and vicinity; together with the buildings thereon; for the pur- 
pose of holding public meetings, either moral, social, religious, scieln- 
tiflc or politiral ; wc only reserving control and alloting to each a time of 
service; pledging oiiisclves to maintain e()ual and exact justice to all re- 
gardless of I i-crds or hi'licfs. in accordance with our best judgment. 

Signed: — JosErn Lexiiakt, S. D. Le.nhart. 

'I'lie fuinls liir a luiilding were raised by publi(> subscriptions, and 
amoiiu the iio\cl iiiciliids employed was a (piilt scheme which brought i'n 
!?11(; for names worked ot, it. and .flSt; more when it was .sold. The cor- 
ner stoiir w:is laid .lune 27lli. ISill. and the dedicatory services were con- 
ducted bv the -Masonic loduc of Canev, Kansas. This hall is used bv all 



rilSTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 8 I 

llie icli.uious sdcictics and other oi-<>auizatious of \\w villajie. to ilic iinin- 
l)er of seveu. 

Tyro is jirinripallv famous fur its excclhMit soft water, its suii]ily 
bei'ng- thought suiieiior to that of any otlier locality in Kansas. This 
water is found in abundance at a depth of from six to ten feet iu the high- 
er part of town, and from twenty to twenty-five feet in the lower. 
Jefferson 

Jefferson on the Missmri racitic lailroad midway between Indepen- 
dence and ('otfeyvillc, has a p<>[iiilati(>n of sixtytive. It was laid out 
when the Verdigris Valley. Indeppindence & Western railway was built 
in ISSf). on ground owned by Albert Jefferson Broadbent, who donated the 
right of way to the railway on condition that a station be maintained 
there. The place was named Jefferson in honor of Jlr. Broadbent. The 
land o'n which the town is built was originally a part of a claim settled 
on by E. M, Wheeler in 18(!9. He built a hewed log house on it, and had 
lumber for fencing sixty acres of land piled near the house and on March 
1st following the survey, he moved in and began to make a home. That 
night a rival claimant, who had been surveyed in the same section, set fire 
to Wheeler's log cabin, thiiuking to get possession of the tract in that 
way. It happened that Mr. Wheeler and his brother, George R., were in 
the hotise at the time, though the incendiary did not know it. They es- 
caped with only one pair of trousers for the two, and the former went 
across the prairie with no clothing but a shirt, falling into a mud hole 
by the way. Wheeler later traded the land to C. C". Wheeler, of Troy, Kan- 
sas, who, in 188S, sold it to Mr. Broadlwnt. 

The town was .surveyed a'nd i)latted by B. W. DeCourcey. The first 
store was opened by Fletcher & Stentz. The first church was built by 
the Methodists in 1S85, and is now credited with a membership of 113. 
The Christian church was built in 1894 and has a membership of 40. The 
school house was built in IftOtt, at a cost of .|2,.^00. and is a modern Tjuild- 
ing heated with gas and capable of accomodating 100 pupils. Two teach- 
ers are employed. The M. E. parsonage for the Jefferson circuit is located 
here. 

There are two general stoi-es, a hotel, a blacksmith, a resident physi- 
cian, a grain buyer : 'nd a stock shipper. There is neither saloon nor drug 
store. The railroad station was burned in 1002. and a new and well 
ef|ui]iiied one has just been comjjleted in its place, with telegrajjh opera- 
tor for the first time in the history of the village. 

Mr. Wheeler, who is mentioned above as the i)ioneer settler, now lives 
across the railroad to the east of the village where he is growing the finest 
and biggest red strawberries to be found V'l the county. 

Bolton 

Bolton is a ]ilai(> of some twenty dwellings and about a hundred in- 
hnbitaiits, located on the Indeiiendence vV; SouthwesTeni line of the Santa 



82 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Fe railroad, eight miles southwest of the county seat. It was hiitl ont 
when the railroad was built iu 1880, by the Arka'nsas Valley Land and 
Town Company. There are two churches, three stores, a blacksmith shop, 
a wagon shop, and a resident physician. Bolton is central to the great- 
est oil and gas field yet discovereil in Montgomery county, and the work 
of drilling is being i)rosecuted more vigiinnisly there than at any other 
jioint in the county. Six gas wells, not one "f them of less than ten mill- 
ion cubic feet daily capacity, were oi)eiied there in l!tOL' and llXio, and 
all of them give indications of oil as well as gas. 
Sycamore 
Sycamore is another laidroad town lo<ated when the Missouri I'a- 
citic. or Verdigris Valley. Indejiendence ..^ Western railroad, as it was 
then named, was built through the county. It is just seven miles directly 
north of hndependence. and is a growing i)lace with good stores. Two 
vitrified brick plants located in its immediate vicinity afford a founda- 
tion on which to l)nild hopes of future greatness. Gas is abundant in the 
townshiji. and it is claimed that veins of coal from three to eleven feet 
deep have been found wherever the drill has gone down in the surrou'nd- 
ing township of the same name, oil wells have also been found in the 
vicinity, though no oil is ycr sliiii]i(Ml. Indeed it is claimed that one such 
well is a forty l)arrel producer. 

Wayside, Dearing and Crane 

N\'ayside is a station and postollii-e between Bolton and Havana on 
the Southwestern. Dearing is a station and hamlet five miles west of 
Cort'eyville on the Denver. Memphis & Atlantic division of the Missouri 
I'acific. and the jmint of junction with the main line runining north. It 
has a jiostottice and store. Crane is a station on the Southern Kansas 
division of the Santa Fe. five miles northwest of Independence. It has a 
jKist office and coiitntry store. 

Havana 

Havana was founded in the summer of 1870. when Lines & Cauft'mau 
established a general store there. They were preceded by ('allow & Myers 
who went into business in the fall of iStiil, in the same neighborhood, oa 
v.Jiat afterward became the David Dalby farm. Lines & CautTmau cou- 
tiinied in busiiness until the spring of L874 when they sold to W. T. 
Bisho]). He disposed of the business in IST.'i to J. T. Share. Havana con- 
tinued to thrive as a country trading jiost. without a railroad until 1886, 
when the Southwestern extension of the Southern Kansas line of the San- 
ta Fe was built through there. It now has a jiopulation of 180 and is 
the slii])])ing i)oint for a large amount of grain and live stock from the 
surrounding country. The fertile valley of Bee creek adjoins the town, 
and forms one of the best wheat sections of the county. 

Havana has three church organizations, the Methodist and U'nited 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 83 

Brethren with a hundred members each, and the Trimitive I'.ajitists with 
about twenty members. There is a <jraded scliool, with two dejiartments. 
Tlie Independent Order of Odd FeHows has a stioii-' organization with 83 
members. Tliis order liuilt and owns a substantial bricii; st<u'e building, 
with lodge rixuns and liall en tlie seiond fioor. The Rebekah lodge has 
80 members; the Modern \\'o<Mlmeu of America, sixty; and the tlome 
Builders, thirty; the Koyal Neiglibors, forty-three; and the Anti-Horse 
Thief Association, fifty. 

The oldest merchant is T. R. Pittman, the postmaster, who conducts 
a hardware and implement and boot and shoe store. He has been in bus- 
iness here for eighteen years. Other business men are: P. H. Lindley, drug 
store; J. A. Xollsch, barber and harness shop; S. A. Evans, restaurant; 
('. E. Campbell, hotel; (". X. Harrison, lumber; M» H. Ross, livery stable; 
P. H. Dalbv and D. W. Howell, phvsiciaiis; and J. S. Reyburu and John 
Sharpless, blacksmith shops. 

Independence and Its History 

In all southeastern Kansas there is no other city whose location pos- 
sesses so many advantages as does that of Independence. Built at a 
])oint where the blulis come close to the Verdigris, and have a solid foun- 
dation in the "Independence limestone," which outcrops forty feet thick 
at the river bridge just east of the city, the site selected for the future 
metropolis is high and well drained, and sntticieutly rolling to render 
the scenery picturesque, while furnishing tine natural drainage. Possess- 
ing so many advantages, and lying so near the geographical center of 
Montgomery county, it was almost inevitable that the city should be- 
come the county seat of the new county. And this was of course what the 
company of Oswego men who came here on the 21st of August, 1869, 
under the lead of R. W. Wright, intended from the start it should become, 
Indeed, they made no secret of this intention but boldly pi'oclaimed it on 
the tirst night they spent here when camping out at Bunker's cabin 
which was located on what is now the Pugh family home on North Xinth 
street. This is one of the highest points in the city and was then, and for 
some time afterward, kn^qwn. as "Bunker Hill." 

Speaking about this cabin of Frank Bunker's, in a Historical Sketch 
of Montgomery county delivered as a Fourth of July address in 1876, the 
late E. E. Wilson, who was the leading historian of the pic'neer days of 
the county and from whose writings we shall have occasion to draw very 
liberally in the pi'eparation of this chapter, says, that at that time Bunker 
complained that the cabin, "instead of being treasured up in canes, base 
ball clubs, ear rings and pulpits, like other land marks, has been prosti- 
tuted to the vile instincts of domestic fowls and beasts that perish." In 
other words it had been converted into a hen roost and cow stable. 

Besides Frank Bunker, the other earlv settlers in the vicinitv of In- 



HISTORY OF MONTCOJIERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 




IIlSTdKY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 85 

(IciieiHlt'iut' wt'io liis l)i()1hcr, Fred Bunker, W. O. Sylvester. Taildv Cil- 
liila and Georjie Keed. all of whom are said to have cdnie in June 1809. 
The first claimants to any part of the original townsite of rndependence 
were Frank Bunker, Shell Reed and W. (). Sylvester. Bunker was in- 
duced afterward to move the lines of his claim so as to make room to plat 
the city, and "Bunker's Addition" to the northwest of the lity was one 
of the first, and probably the first addition to the city. 

While the United States government did not coinclude a treaty with 
the Osage Indians for a cession of their lands in this county until July 
1870, individual settlers had been making treaties with the red skins for 
larger or smaller tracts of land for a couple of years previous, and, in 
September 1869, George A. Brown, after a protracted council, coincluded 
and solemnized an agreement for the cession to him, of a tract of land 
lying between Rock Creek on the south and Elk river on the north, the 
Verdigris river on the east and Walker and Table Mounds on the west. 
Probablly, at that time, Brown had no idea that the whole of the tract to 
which he thus acquired an irregular and not exactly legal title would be- 
come the site of the Greater Inde])endence of the future — and there are 
plenty of i)eoi)le today who do not yet see that this entire territory is 
bound to be covered by the city and its suburbs during the first half of the 
twentieth century. The region embraced is an irregular one, about five 
miles long by as many wide, and embraces very nearly twenty-five square 
miles of land. For this tract, a sitngle acre of which now has a land 
value of over |25,(lfl0, Browu paid the munificent sum of .f50. The stipu- 
lations of the treaty were few and plain. Each jiarty bound itself to pro- 
mote peace between the two races. Brown was to build all the houses he 
wanted, and Chetopa, the Indian chief who took the part of grantor, was 
to have free pasturage for his ponies. Finally, Chetopa began to count 
the houses that were going up on this tract a*nd to estimate what his rev- 
enue would have been at the customary tax of ^.5.00 each. He came to 
the conclusion that he had been swindled, and asked Brown for a new 
council to rescind the treaty. Brown was ecpial to the occasion and pic- 
tured in glowing terms what the immaculate word and unstained hc^nor 
of a great Indian warrior re(iuired in the observance of svich sacred and 
binding obligations, demanding, if it were possible, that he would for- 
ever disgrace himself and his tribe by going back on his plighted woiJ. 
Still, Chetopa insisted that there were too many houses, and that his 
people were bei'ng imposed upon. The upshot of the matter was a further 
stipulation; that the |50 already jiaid should exemi)t the town, and that 
the settlers outside might pay him |3.00 per claim in addition. 

While the Oswego people brought the name "Independence" with 
them all i-eady to apply to their county seat that was to be, they found 
a competitor in the town of "Colfax,"' which Geo. A. Brown had already 
laid out, a mile or more to the northwest, where the flr.st city cemetery 



86 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

was afterward located by Mavor DeLoiig. At the age of three weeks this 
town was already provided with a full equipment of streets and alleys 
and beginning to take rank among the towns of the county. After 
looking the ground over on the day following their arrival, Brown was 
jiersuaded to abandon (\ilfax and cast his fortunes with the Indejiendence 
]>nrfy. With a jxx'ket comi)as, a survey of the town site was made by 
( "aplaiii Hamner. E. R. Trask. Frank Bunker and one or two others, which 
approximately determined the boundaries of the city that was to be. 

For a time we can do no l)etter than to follow Mr. Wilson's narra- 
tives as closely as may be. He says : "Returning to Oswego they organ- 
ized the Independence Town Comjiany, contracted for the publication of 
the "Independence Pioneer." for the location of a sawmill and for the 
cari-ying of a weekly mail from Oswego. A week later L. T. Stephenson 
returned to manage the business of the company and began the erection 
of a double log hotel, known as the "Judson House." In September a cele- 
bration was held, the main feature of which was a barbecue. Speeches 
were made by E. R. Trask, R. W. Wright and L. T. Stephenson. All the 
settlers in the viciinity, perhaps one hundred in number, were congre- 
gated. The refreshments consisted of the ox, four kegs of beer and two 
barrels of bread. They were brought from Oswego by J. N. DeBruler's 
ox team. In crossing the Verdigris the team became unmanageable and 
dnni]icd the whole outfit into the river. Xo lime was lost in fishing it out, 
and of course csiiccial care was lakcii 1o save (he beer, which ranie fiut 
unihimaged. 

About October 1st. ISC'.), i:. K. Wilson and F. D. Irwin ojiened a 
store, having received their first iiivuirc of goods, by wagon, from Fon- 
tana. Miami county, whirh was as near as the railroad then ran. (Custom- 
ers were infrequent in those early days and the proprietors employed their 
leisure in making hay, where is now the intersection of Main street and 
Penn. avenue. Lumber was scarce before the saw-mills got to running, 
and none was to be got nearer than Oswego. But the crop of hay was 
immense, and the pioneers busied themselves in the erection of hay houses 
in which they found very comfortable shelter during the winter, and which 
gave the city its fir.st nickname "Hay town." 

In October 1869, too, R. S. Parkhurst. better known as "Uncle Sam- 
my," arrived from Indiana with a colony of eighteen families thereby 
doubling the i)o]>ulation of the town. These pi-ovided themselves with 
hay houses also. And it is W(u-thy of note that of all the sixty-niners 
who laid the foundations of this growing city, ilr. Parkhurst and O. P. 
(laiiililc are the only ones still living here. Althimgh at an advanced 
age Mr. Parkhurst is still hale and hearty and is taking a most active 
interest in every movement for the upbuilding of the city and its indus- 
tries. Since the beginning of the present year he made a talk in a public 
meeting at the Auditorium, telling something about those early days, in 



IIISTdKY (IF MOXTCOMEUY COUNTY, KANSAS. 87 

which he stutcd that he never tlien expected to see Iiideiiendeuce become 
what she is today, but at the same time unhesitatingly alHrmed that he 
now expected to live to see her with a hundred thousand population. 

On the ICth of November 1869, Alexander Waldschniidt reached In- 
dependence with his saw mill. Immediately Carpenter & Crawford locat- 
ed east of town on the Allison famn, and A. L. Ross at the mouth of Elk 
river. All were running in December, but Carpenter & Crawford sawed 
the first luml)er. Their enterprise may be inferred from the fact that 
for the first week they carried water in pails from the river to run their 
engine. Mr. Waldschniidt was very enteri»rising and proved one of the most 
important factoi-s in the building of the town. He erected the first grist- 
mill in the county, on the river just above the site of the present ice fac- 
tory, and began grinding grain there in the fall or winter of 1871. He 
also made the first shipment of tiour from the county. While all the other 
north and scmth streets of the city bear numbers, the one next the river 
is named "Waldschniidt Avenue." in his honor. 

The story of the struggle for the location of the county seat is re- 
ferred to elsewhere in this history, and need not be detailed again herei 
From the first a majority of the people of the county favored Indepen- 
dence, and it was only a question of time when their will sliould be 
obeyed. At the election in November 1809, the first vote was taken, and it 
was only by throwing out the northern precinct, known as Drum Creek, 
on a technicality, that a majority was secured for Liberty, by the east 
side board of commissioners then in office. This was the first backset In- 
dependence received, and, though shi* has had them in plenty since, she 
has always done as she did then — buckled on her armor and fought it out 
on that line. And in almost every instance, she has won in the end, as she 
did the following May in the courts, and the following Xovcmber at the 
polls, in the county seat fight. 

Unfortunately our State Historical Society did not begin business 
until 1875, and prior to that date newspajier flies are not accessible, and 
onlv oc<-asional copies of Independence newspapers of earlier dates have 
been preserved. Indeed, the burning of the office of the ••Independence 
Tribune," with its flies, in February 1883, and of the ••Iinlepciidence 
Star," with the flies of the earlier issues of the ■•Independence Kansan,"' 
in December 1884, resulted in a loss of material for early history that is 
not only irreparable but well nigh incalculable. The first newspaper 
published in Independence was the "Independence Pioneer,"' of which one 
of the flrst, if not the first, copy issued, bearing date November 27th, 1869, 
and another dated January 1st, 1870, are to be found in the collection at 
Topeka, but no others. In the former issue most of the business cards are 
of Oswego firms, but among the Independence advertisers are Wilson & 
Irwin's grocery and Ralstin & Stephenson's real estate, insurance and gen- 
eral convevancing office. In the latter we note that Ralstin & Coventrv are 



88 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

in ihc liai-thviuc Imsinews ;it Iiuleiiendence ; Allison & Bell, "eneral nier- 
cliiUHlisc ; I »i . Swallow, dry jjoods. jn-ovisions and uiucciies ; ( 'has. \Yise, 
fni-nitnrc; <"lias. ("oventry. dnitrs and jirocciics ; Urowii cX; Kisburg and 
Kiioklc .^t Delinilcr. meat markets, .'^t Westralia. Crawford ^^c MjCue an- 
ntniiicc ilienisel\c's as :ii tdiiicys at law and land agents. 

'I'lie •Pioneer"' was )iiiiiic(l at Oswego nntil some time in January 
ISKi, when it iMM-aiiie, in fad as well as in name, an Independence insti- 
tntion. and was fnrnished with an onttit of type and a press here. In one 
of its earlier issues it tells an interesting story about a pioneer settler in 
the neighborhood of Indejiendence who was living in a log house and 
whose wife woke him one night to startle him with the information that 
the baby was gone. Lighting a candle and making a search, no trace of it 
conld be found in the cabin, but on going out doors it was discovered ly- 
ing on the ground unhurt and fast alseej). having rolled out of bed be- 
tween ilie logs that formed one side of the cabin. 

In its eilitorial cohmin. the •'Pioneer" inid begun the work, in which 
we arc still engaged, of booming IndeixMidence and Montgomery county: 
and from the issue of .lanuary Isl, ISTtl. the following forecast is wortii 
quoting: 

only visited liy Indian tiaders occasionally, is now teeming with intelli- 
gent, enterprising immigrants fioni the eastei-n and northern states; ami 
seltlcnienls and towns have siirnng up as if liy magic. Sn]iplie(l, as the 
vallev is. with abundance of timber iov fencing, its vast (|uarr)cs of white 
ami brown sandstone for building ]iurposes, ami its inexhatislible beds 
of excellent coal —it does not re(]nire a very vivid imagination to jjicture 
a future exceeding in brilliancy the ]tasl history of western improvement. 

liMlependence is growing. Forty frame buildings h;ive been er<'cted in 
as many <lays since our saw mills ha.ve been turning out hiniber. Tli(> work 
ot buildinii has went ( sic I (ui liglil nierrily. ;ind sul)stantial frame build- 
ings li:i\c taken ilic place ot 1 iiis. lints and liay houses that a few weeks 

ago \\('rc scadeied pi omisciiously o\ci' our iownsite. Four months ago 
the tall prairie i;rass waxed when' today are scores of buildings and the 
scenes of busy life. To one unused to'the rajiid growth of the west it 
would seem liie work of magic." 

Xotliing here, it will he observed, about natural gas. vitrified brick, 
cement ]ilants, rolling mills, wimiow glass factories, jjaper mills, electric 
railways, foui' story .^^asonil• Temiiles. or .fllll.dOll hotels. So, ever does 
the re;ility surpass the most enthusiasi ic dreams in a develo])ing civi- 

The tirst school house in I ndepemieiice was built in the winter of 
ISC.it-TO, and was dedicated Ajiril Kith. 1S7I1. with literary exenuses 
which are said to have been of unusual merit. The school was opened 
April 21st, with M'iss Mary Walker, the first female teacher in the county, 



HISTOUV Ul' .MU.NTliUMEKY COUNTY, KANSAS. 89 

in clmi'op. TIio building was aftprward rcniodeU'd and occnpied by the 
rnh('!i. l^hi-otlii-i'ii clun-ch. Tlie tirst teachoi's' institulo in the connly was 
licid at Vandivpi-'s Hall in tlie sunimei- of 1870, and was conducted by 
Prof. Holes. 

In the fall of ISdO the first Snnday school was oriianized in the hay 
house of Mi-s. McClnng. The lii'sf seiiiion was preached by T. 11. Canfield 
in the same house. Kev. J. .1. ihown orj>anize(l the First f'reshyteriau 
chinch of Independence April :5. 1870, and the Methodist and ljai)tist 
churclies were omanized the same month. The IJaptists erected the first 
church buildinii. which was dedicated March 12tli, 1871. Kev. Mr. Atkin- 
son, ol ()swe,ii'o. officiating. 

About Fel)!uar\- 1870, K. AV. Wright addressed a uieetiog at A\'ilsou 
& Irwin's store in advocacy of an east and west railroad. On the first 
day of -June 1870. the people greeted the arri\'iil of the stage coach from 
Oswego. The stor\- of the vol lug of .f2t)0.(l00 in bonds to enable the county 
to miike a subscription of .stock to the same amount to the Leavenwortli, 
Lawrence & (SalvesVou railroad company, which was the second among 
the n :',ny adverse e\ents in the history of our city, is elsewhere told. 

Intil along in 1870, says \V. H. Watkins, in his sketch of the city's 
history published in the •■IndepcMidence Kansan"' ou January 2, 1878, the 
l)riucipal part of the business was transacted on Penn. Avenue, between 
Laui'el and iiyrtle streets, or north of the present location of Baden's 
store. The mad, as travelled, did not follow the avenue south of that 
jioint but sL<i1 acrcss lots from ^rtle in JIain, reaching the latter at the 
corner of Sixth. >Ahere Zutz' grocery now stands. The merchants then in 
business on the north side of .Main street f<mnd it necessary to have their 
signs ever their back doors. To the nortii of the crossing of Main street 
and Penn. Avenue was a quagmire, and loaded teams frequently stalled 
there. 

^laii facilities weie meager during the first wiiUer in "Haytown."' 
and the government did not act as ])roniiitiy in establishing a postottice 
as it has since, in the Indian Territory on similar (!(;casions. While the 
county seat was at Verdigris City, ii is said that the ])ostage im letters 
brought in varied from ten to twenty-live cents, according to the state of 
the weather: but at Independence a service was airanged fron.i Oswego. 
L. T. Ste]>lienson l)eing the fii'st carrier, and the charge being uniformly 
ten cents straight. lie was succceced by 31. L. llickey, and he by J. ('. 
Woodiow, who carried the mail until the advent of the stage coach. At 
fir.st letters in and out were charged for alike, but later the only charge 
was for those brought in. One i»oor fellow thoughtlessly wrote a line to 
a Boston paper telling about the new ElDorado here in southern Kansas. 

;•!•■' '• - :■■■•■' '■■'■ '■•'■■• ' " ^ ' lu-n the mail arrived, there 

■ readv with his fractional 



i90 HI.>T(.)UV UI- .MUNTtiUJIKUY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

On the Isl day .,f .Inly. ISTd, the i)e(>i)l(' greeted the airivul of tlie llrst 
:Stage coach from Oswego, and on the first of July F. 1). Jrwin was 
ajuiointed ])ostniaster at a sahiry of .f ll'.OO per year. At the present time 
the salary of the postmaster is |:2,300, and the payroll of the oflBce, in- 
cluding the salaries of four city and five rural delivery carriers, amounts 
to IlL'.lioO per annum. 

The Fourth of July 1S7(I. was a|.i.i-.ipria1ely celebrated in a grove 
south of town on Kock creek. Nearly JIM) peojile were present, and Cap- 
tain M. S. P.ell was the orator of the day. 

On the :2."5tli of July ISTO, J. D. Kmerson. as j.rol.ate judiic. in accord 
anc(> with the jietitiou of a majority of the voters, incoijiorated the place 
under the style of •■the inhabitants of ihc town of Independence," and 
ai.pointed the folh.wing board of trustees: IC. lO. Uilson, J. H. I'ugh ,J. E. 
Donlavy, K. T. Hall and O. P. Smart, of this lirst governing body of the 
eity, O. P. Smart, alone, is still a icsiilcnt here. They met the next day 
and organized by electing K. T. Hall, chairman; and on the loth of Sep- 
tond)ei' they a])pointed J. ]>. ("raig as clerk. Their first ordinance jiro 
vided that the board should meet on the sccdiid Tuesday of each month. 
They next decreed that all sidewalks on .Main street and Penii. A\enne 
should be twelve feet wide. The third made it unlawful to drive any ani- 
null of the hor.se or mule kind through the streets faster than a trot, or 
more than seven miles an hour. The fourth prohibited gaming-tables and 
all devices for iilaying games of chance, also bawdy houses and brothels. 

On the Kith of Xo\einber 1871, the trustees voted to .iccept the ]U-o- 
\isions of the act goverriing cities of the third cla.ss. Immigrants had 
come in rapidly during the spring and suntnier, and on November 29th, a 
little more than fifteen months from the time the town was laid out, a 
count was made of 8(111 jieople. On the date named an election for city 
officers was held. J. P.. ("raig was elected the first nmyor, receiving 93 
votes to 89 cast for E. E. Wilson. The councilmen elected at the same 
time were : A. Waldschmidt, Thomas Stevenson, W. T. Bishop, F. D. Ir- 
win and (i. H. P>rodie. Irwin failed to (]ualify and on December 8th, 
Goodell Foster was appointed to serve in his place. On the same date 
William Heudrix was ajjpointed the first nmrshal of the young city, and 
CouncilmeTi ^^'aldschmidt and P.islio]i were made a committee to draw up 
j)lans for a city prison, while the task of drawing up a set of ordinances 
was confided to .Mr. Foster. 

On the ."ith of Jaunary ISTl. Preiitis iV Warner were authorized to 
.erect hay scales in the street muth of Pugh's drug store. This is, per- 
haps, the only business house then in existence, which, in all the thirty- 
two years that have since elapsed, has changed neither its name, its busi- 
ness nor its location, "PughV Drug Store" being still located at the south- 
feast i-orner of I'enn. Avenue and Laurel streets. At this meeting the first 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 9I 

drain shop license recorded was granted to Henry Kaiser, who was to pay 
a fee of $50 for a period of six months. 

On the 23d of Jaunarv, tlie city printing was awarded to the "Kansas 
Democrat," which was published by ^lartin ^'an^.llren Bennett, at the 
rate of three cents a line. On Febrnary 2, Mr. I'.ishop was appointed a 
committee to see about deepening the two public wells. The work was 
done by Lewis & Mossman, who were i)aid fo2.0S for going down 2!) feet 
in one of them. On the 2()th of February, it was ordered that a well be 
sunk at the corner of Laurel street and Penn. Avenue. 

irarch 30th, 1871. C. il. Ralstiu as city clerk repoited a population of 
1,382 souls. On the same day John J. Jack was licensed to keep a gro- 
cery and sell beer, on payment of |25.00 and the giving of a |2.000.00 
bond. On the same date H. A. Jimmersou was granted a dram shop li- 
cense. By this time the wants of the thirsty must luive been pretty well 
provided for, with three public wells and as niany saloons. 

The city election held April 5th. 1871, resulted in the choice of E. E. 
Wilson as mayor and J. E. Donlavy as jiolice jiulge. and on the following 
day J. D. Emerson was apjiointed <ity clerk and T. P. Trouvelle, city 
marshal. The first record of a prohibition sentiment appears on Septem- 
ber l.'th, when Judson & Saylor and H. ^'anderslice a]>]ilied for permis- 
sion to sell liquor, presenting petitious signed by 130 people, and a remon- 
strance signed by another 130 people was jiresented at the same time. 
Notwithstanding the remonstrance, the licenses were granted, Councilmen 
Waldschmidt and Gray voting aye and Bishop no. December 7th, Good- 
ell Foster resigned as city attorney and Colonel Daniel Grass was ap- 
pointed to succeed him. Three weeks later, on the 29th, Grass resigned 
and J. D. McCue was appointed. Among other citizens who afterward 
became prominent here and elsewhere, who were honored with appoint- 
ments to this otlice. were William Dunkin. (ieoriie ('linndlcr and George 
R. Peck. 

In 1871 the title of the Independence Town (_'om])any, which was re- 
sponsible for the existence of the city and to whom it owed so much, 
began to be seriously questioned, and for the next year the matter was 
kejtt jirominently to the front. Between the spring of 1871 and that of 
1872 the growth of the city was most rapid. Two hundred houses were 
built and the population rose from one thousand to twenty-three hundred. 
This was nu)re than the entire gain during the succeeding ten years, and 
made the period a marked one in the history of the young city. In the 
summer of 1871 the Town Company was losing ground rapidly. The lot 
so long occupied by Jasper & Boniface as a meat market was jumped by 
them during that summer, and a building started. The title to this lot 
was held by a man at Fort Scott by certificate from the Town Company, 
but those interested in maintaining the titles of this company assembled 
and hitched a couple of yoke of oxen to the building, drove the carpenters 



•92 UISTOKV Ol- MONTGOMERY COrX'I'Y. KANSAS. 

otV ami jpailiallx- liaiilod tlip building into the street. It was. however, the 
last show of vijior on the i)avt of the ("oiiiiiany. Its iiifluenee was ou the 
wane, and lots were soon i)ein<; taken everywhere, regardless of its warn- 
ings. Houses began to he bnilt on wheels and hauled on to vacant lots at 
niglil, or tliev weic claiincd by some other act of occupancy. After the 
defeat of ilie comi^any. ihc -imkI wo; k it had done for the city was fully 
recogniy.ed. ami. wiiiiug of it in 1S7S. W. II. Watkins says: "It is of the 
past and the Time has come to acknowledge the good work it did. Its ob- 
ject has been grandly attained but the benefits hiive inured to others. It 
entered into politics, met with success and disaster and came to its end in 
litigation. It dug wells, built hi>\ises. established a iiewsiiajier and by its 
wise policy induced peojde to locate here." 

Following the voting of county bonds in aid of the Leavenworth. L;iw- 
rence & (ialveston railroad, in June ISTO, which was acconijilished by the 
most unblushing fraud, that road was built down th.e east line of the 
county in July 1S71. and a great nuniy peoj)le thought that a death blow 
had been struck a) I lie new city. Its people were not made of the stuff to 
be easily ilis( (iiira;;cd, I hough, and from the very day that it was decided 
that the road should bi' buili there they went to work to secure a line from 
Cherryvale. Committee fnllowcd conunittee in rapid succession, and re- 
ceived from the railroad (llicials the same courteous treatment and ac- 
comiilished the same barren results. !So anxious were the i)eople, that, 
during this time, it was jirivately hinted by an employee of the company 
that a I ash contribution of four thousand dollars and one hundred town 
lots, in addition to the |T,r)()(l per mile in bonds, would secure the branch 
beyond question. The town lote were selected and individual notes to 
the amount required were placed in the hands of J. B. Craig and E. E. 
\Vils<rn. After a whole round of failures, Frank Bunker, M. D. Henry 
and Charles W. Trent iss succeeded. This was late in 1871, and the de- 
mand was so urgent that a bond in the sum of $50,000 was signed by a 
majority of the voteis as a guarantee that the bonds would be voted so 
that the work might begin at once. An election was held Sept. 30th, and 
|2.">.00(» in bonds voted. Frank Hunker, by a generous donation of land, 
secured the location of the depot on his premises, and the road became 
known as "Bunker's Plug." The railroad was built in December 1871, 
and the first train of cars whistled into Independence on New Year's 
day 187li. The termius remained here for seven years — until 1879 — mak- 
ing this a wholesale point for the supply of the entire southern Kansas 
trade for a hundred miles to the west and contributing very materially to 
the growth and jirosperity of the city. 

.\ wonl more is titling in i-egard to Frank I'.unker, whose name will 
be indissolubly c(-nnecle(l with thi' early history of the city and who. per 
haps, did more than anyone else to promote its welfare in Ihose pioneer 
days. He died at And«iver. .Massachuesetts, on the 12th of August 187(), 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMKRY COUNTY, KANSAS. 93 

In :ii( I'ltiluarv notice sliovliy after that date, the "Indeiicnilcnie Kansan" 
said: •Hut little happened iu which Frank was not consnllcd ur did not 
take an active i)art. His vivacity, brilliant wit ,dash and droll anecdotes 
made him sought after in society, ^^'hen disposed, few men were more 
entertaining- than he conld be and none was warmer hearted." And E. E. 
\\'ilson says of him in his history of the county: "Frank Bunker was a 
man of some rare native talents and, in some directions, of fine culture. 
A natural musician, an ea.sy and brilliant writer, in conversation he del- 
uged his hearers with song and story. His fund of humor was rich and 
Ills witticisms truly a bonanza. His long continued ill health had made 
liim whimsical and, at times, very irritable, but withal Frank was a gen- 
ial fellow and a generous friend. After travelling from the Pacific to the 
shores of Africa in a vain search fi)r health he died in Massachusetts in 
the autum of ISTfi." 

During the year 1S72, Independence and .Montgimiery cnunty were in 
(he heyday of their early prosperity and enjciying what is known as a 
"boom." E. E. Wilson had l)een the second mayor the i)revious year, as he 
was the first storekeej)er in 180!), and was followed in that oHice by James 
I >eLong, formei-ly consul at Tangiers, Morocco, and a most eccentric char- 
acter. So soured was he with the world that we who knew him only in his 
later years invariably referred to him as the "chronic growler." It was 
during his administration that the removal of the Osage District Land 
Office to this city occurred. Speaking of the removal of this office from 
Humboldt to Neodesha, in December 1871, Mr. ^Yilson says: "On the 8th 
of December the United States Land Office passed on its way from Hum- 
boldt to Neodesha. As it passed down Main sti-eet and north on the aven- 
ue it was not a very imposing pageant, but its intrinsic value of |10, 000.00 
was determined before it passed the limits of the town." If the Neodesha 
people paid that much to secure it they made a very poor bargain, foil no 
later than March 2(ith, 1872. the same office was opened for business in In- 
dependence, where it remained until discontinued by order of President: 
Cleveland in the spring of 1885. The means used to secure its removal 
to this city are detailed iu another chapter of this book, devoted to Sen- 
ator York's betrayal of Senator Pomeroy. The city council appropriated 
$3,000.00 to secure the land office, but of this amount it was found neces- 
sary to spend only .fl, !)()(>, and even this small fraction of an "intrinsic 
valii^ of flO.dOO" w<mld mit have been ])aid. so it is said, by DeLong's 
economical administi-ation. had it not been that "the town site was hang- 
ing in the land ottice." 

After its location here, the officers of the land office were P. B. Max- 
on, register; and M. W. Reynolds, I'eceiver. The subsequent registers 
were W. W. Martin, M. J. Salter and C. M. Kalstiu. The receivers were: 
E. S. Nichols, H. M. Waters and H". W. Young. 

In March 1882. there was found here a population of 2.300, and the 



94 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 

goveruor was petitioned to mnke Indepeudeiic-e a city of tlie second class, 
wliicli he did by i>roclaination on Mairli 2(itli. Tlie following day the city 
was divided into four wards, with the sanieboundariesastodayexceptthat 
the fifth ward has since been carved out of the second. The first election 
under the new title was held April .^)th. when James DeLoug was elected 
mayor, receiving 445 votes to 14(; for I.. T. Stephenson. Osborn Shannon, 
DeLong's son-in-law. was elected ]Mili(e judge; T. V. Trouvelle. marshal: 
J. I. Crou.se. treasurer; and A. I». (iihsdu. justice of the peace. The first 
board of education was elei ted at the same time, and it is noteworthy 
that two of its members. Mrs. .1. .M. Ne\ins and .Mrs. II. T. Millis. from tho 
first ward, were the first women elected to oltice in the city. The mem- 
bers of the council elected at the same time were J. M. Nevins, Wm. Daw- 
son, S. A. Wier. John Beard. John Kerr, J. iloreland, Josei)h Bloxam and 
E. T. :\rears. Of these six. Dawson and :\Iears still reside here. 

Ajiril (itli. owing to the prevalence of small pox. wholesale \accinal ion 
was ordered and the following physicians appointed to do the work: i'or 
the first ward. Dr. :M!isterman ; for the second ward. Dr. Tlirall; for tlie 
tliird ward. Dr. :Mc('ulley: for the fourth ward. Dr. Miller. 

The year ISTl* was one of the most jn-osjierous ever witnessed in In- 
dependence. The transplanted members of tlie community were taking 
root and growing togetlier into a homogeneous citizensliip. while times 
were good and values so far above tlie fLli.") an acre the lands cost to 
enter, that everybody felt rich. During this year, seventy-one school 
houses were built in the county at a cost of $70. (•43. and the fourth ward 
brick scjiool building at Independence compleTed at a cost of $28,000.(10. 
Thougli it was nicknamed "the Tannery." 011 iicroiiiii of its box like otit- 
lines. and laiiie into bad repute in later years bcrinisi- of ii cracking of thj 
walls which was Tliotight to render it unsafe, it scr\cd its ]ini-]ios(^ in mak- 
ing a home foi a generation if srhocl <liil(ireii, and when il was demol- 
ished in 1901'. it was found to he substantial enough to have stood for 
cenluries. 

If .Mar<-li ISTli, the city coniiril ordered the issue of .<!10.0(I0.()0 in city 
scrip to jiass current as money, and to run until January :>(). IS74. It 
cost $(;."( (.00 to get this scrip jirinied. Half of it was in one dollar bills 
and half in two dollar bills. Travelers would carry this novel currency 
back lo Iheii- homes in the east unnoticed and then write back to know if 
the bank was good. Half a million dollars in interest-bearing debt luol 
been incurred liy the county in (he first three years of its existence, and 
times could not but be |iros|ierous for the fellows who had the spending of 
the money. Right atlnxart this boom, almost without warning, came the 
]ianic of ]S7:{, to be followed the next year liy a rainless season, drying 
and jiarching everything on the farm, except the mortgage and taxes. And 
llieii. to cap the climax, came the Itocky iiioiiutain locusts or grasshoj)- 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 95 

'IMS \\( le under fouti'iiet to \niy three per cent a month for the use of 
jiuinc.v. The fat years were followed by others as lean as Pharaoh's kine. 

Ill April 1S73, DeLong was re-elected mayor, and he continued his 
sTicmiDiis lij;lit for the settlers and against the old town company with 
all 111;' sturdy vigor of his nature. One of the old settlers characterizes 
liiiu .;s "the Croiuwell of Independence." He was erratic, unselfish and 
•/.caions, and laliored without stint to secure the land for the settlers and 
relieve them from the necessity of buying their homes from the town 
coni])any. At the same time he charged every man six dollars for a deed to 
a lot, as expenses, and he and those associated with him never made any 
accounting of the money. In fact it is understood that, during the time 
The settlers were paying for their lots, UeLong was living out of the in- 
come he received from the office in this irregular way. He was not pe- 
nurious and did not lay up money but was always ready to spend it for 
liic town and the pcdple. He \\as autocratic in his methods and did a 
great (leal to build u]> the city. He was pugilistic, too, and always ready 
tor a tight. The issue of city scrii)t was his scheme, and, notwithstanding 
the (loiibttul legality of the undertaking, he carried it through very suc- 
cessfully. The stutf circulated and was never at a discount. Every dollar 
(if it was e\eutually redeemed, and the result of the undertaking might 
well be used as an argument in favor of municipal currency. Altogether 
DeLong was, in many ways. The strongest and most uni(|ue personality 
in the city's history, and, had a popular novelist known him and his 
works, he might have served as a leading character in some work of 
fiction. His declining years were soured and embittered, however, liy 
dwelling upon the ingratitude of the people for whom he had hibored, and 
he seemed to have a grudge against the world. 

The most prominent event of the year 1874 was the burning of the 
railroad depot on Jaunary 15th, which resulted in the purchase of a fire 
engine by the city council within a week. The DeLong dynasty ended on 
the TTh of April that year, with the election of D. B. Gray as mayor. 

The new fire engine did not prevent the most destructive fire in the 
history of the city on February 1.3th, 187.5, when eighteen business build- 
ings were consumed. Down the east side of the avenue, from where Bad- 
en's dry goods store stands now, and up the north side of Main street to 
The location of Zutz' grocery, everything went ,except Brown's three-story 
brick, where the Baden clothing house now stands. That was reserved to 
be burned later. That year W. E. Brown was elected mayor and William 
1 »unkin city attorney. The session of the South Kansas Conference of the 
^1. E church, which convened March 3, and was presided over by Bishop 
Merrill, was one of the leading events of the year. At the election for 
city officers this year, W. E. Brown won the mayorality, having 278 votes 
To IC!) cast for ex-Mayor DeLong. Wm. Dunkin now became city attor- 
ney, and J. L. Scott was continued in office as police judge. The steady 



96 HISTORY OF MONTGOMEHY roUXTY, KANSAS. 

UVowdi (if ;i pi-oliiliilioii siMitiiiuMiI \v;is iiitliciitcd \i\ llic iiisl nicl ions j;ivt'ii 
the city at ionicv in XvAvrh to draw up an (u-dinanic to jii-dliibit dram 
shops fi-om keeping oiieu on Sunday. The last mcntioii of tlie city sci'ipt 
appears in Xo\-eniber of this year, wlicn it was ordered that .If^.OOU.Od of 
that currency lying in IIiill's hank, and whidi had l)een redeemed, he re 
issued to take u]> outstanding wairants, and tiiat the rest he destroyed. 

The years hetween IST:; and 1SS1 ,iie not prolitic of material for' the 
historian of Mtontgoinei-y rounty's <a|iital. Hard limes had the new coun- 
try in its gri]i. and it was sinijdy a matter of "hanging on" and "waiting 
for the rlonds lo roll by," witli the business men then there. Independence, 
having reaciied aliout .'i.dIKi in population. <anie to a standstill and re- 
mained a country trading post merely, except for ihe wholesale business 
in the region to the southwest. Merchants adxcii ised but sjiaringly in the 
local jiajiers until the hiter seventies and there was nothing to indicate 
the brilliant future in store for the city. 

lieckless exjienditure of jiublic fuiids had liccoiiie unjiopular and' in 
Kecendier 1S7.". a |M-oposilion lo use .'< lH.tKHI.IK) in building a daiu a< i-oss 
the \'erdigris rivci- lo hr.nisli water pcpwci' for factories was voted down. 

In ISTIi. there was not even life enough To get u|i .-i contest over the 
mayorality. and F. ('. -locelyn had all the votes cast, except nine scatter- 

of ^^'yandotl(• county, was ciccieil city marshal, and .loseph ("handler 
city aitorncy. Iiotli <t{ tliem being fepe,-i redly re-elected in fidlowitig years. 
In August of that year the citizens were worried by a rumor that the 
United States land otliic was to be removed, and the cily ccuimil appro- 
priated .1i;4( II ).()() to defray I lie expenses of sending Col uiel l>aniel Crass 
and Kdwiii Foster to ^\'ashington to prevent such a lal.imily. 

In January 1877, a counterfeiters' den was disco\<'red in a house .it 
the foot of the hill on Fast Main .stivet. and Marshal I'eters<.n arrested 
three of the manufactureis of the "ipieer" and turned them ovur to the 
United States authorities. Not luily were molds, frames and all ]iarai)her- 
nalia of this illegal business fouml. but llM half dollars and Ki ipiarters, 
well enough executed to pass i-eadil.\. 'I'lie same iminth the land office 
authorities awarded to L, T. Ste|ihensou the (Uie Imndred and sixty acres 
adjoining the city on the south lor which he was contesting and the may- 
or was permitted to enter for (he settlers the l-vmerson tract in the soutii- 
west part of 111,' <ily between lOth and U'.lh streets. In April, William 
Dnnkin was elected mayoi-. the minority candidate again l)eing ex- .Mayor 
l>el,(nig. whose only ambition in life api)ears to Inive been to get gack in 
the chair of (hat oilice again. .Miciiael ^!\c Euiry was clu)sen as police 
judge, a position he held for many years and lilled with dignity and dis- 
cretion. 

Norman II. I\es was now postmaster, beiim l he third incumbent of 



HISTORY OF .MO.NTIJO.MEKY COUNTY, KANSAS. 97 

11i.li >,i)uv. A. 11. Mooic liaviii- sii.c.'cdcd liwiii. 111.- liisl a|.|M.iii(('(>. L. 

.M. KiKiwIcs was snp<Miiil(Mi(li-nl .if llic .ity s.l Is. In -Imu' .1. 1!. IT.Dbor 

bt'y,an 111.' I'lc.ii.iii .if a Iw.i si.nv bii.k Imtcl on \\'(\sl .Main street over 
whi.-li he iircsidi'ii f.ir s.. many y.-ars and which is still i-imnins;-, with the 
name cliann.Ml from ■■Ji.nili.'i" t.i "Hc-knian." At tiiis lime the saloon 
business must have been .me .if tlie ]iiin.iiial industries of the city, and the 
manufacture nf diiinkards ji'.iiiii;- .in apace. There were eleven licensed 
gr.iji sli.ips. and the levemie they jiaid into the city treasury amounted to 
|3.S0(I.(I(I a yi^ir. 

The year i.'<77 was render.'d notorious, not only in lnde|iendeuce but 
tlirough.mt the country, by the "lIuU I'.aby" case. Hull's bank here was 
one of the strongest financial institutions in southeastern Kansas, in fact 
the .inly bank in the county tliat weathered the financial storm of 1873 
without suspending payment for an hour. It was established by Latham 
Hull, of Kalamazoo, il.i.-higan. and his two sons, Charles A. and Edgar, 
were connected with it. Charles, the elder one, was a ba.helor. lint he fell 
a victim to the wiles of a rlever adventuress and married her. No sooner 
was this former "schoohnanu" installed as the mistress of the banker's 
home than she began to sigh for other woilds to con(]uer. Charles' father 
had oH'ered a standing jirize of .f.'i.dOO.OO for the first male grandchild born 
in tlie family, ("arrie's fingers itched to get hold of that r.ill, and she 
pro.-ured, fr.im an oi'jihans" home at Leavenworth, a young infant of the 
re.piisile sex. to which slie {iretended to have given birth. The fraud was 
t.Hi transiiaient to imjiose long on the parties interested, and her husband 
dis.iwned the brat and began suit for divor.:-e. Not to be outdone, the al- 
leged mother began suit against Latham Hull, her father-in-law, Edgar 
Hull, her brother-in-law. (leorge Chandler, their attorney, and the Home 
for the Friendless at Leavenworth, for alienating the attections of her 
husband and damaging her character to the extent of |4(),()(lt).»)(l. In De- 
cember the divorce case of Charles Hiill versus Carrie Hull was heard 
and decided in the district court . Mrs. Hull claimed to be in very poor 
health, so that her testimony could not be taken publicly, and those who 
were expecting to see all the dirty linen in the <-ase aired in court were 
disaii]Miinted. Charles got the de.-ree, however, but Carrie was allowed 
1300 alimony. I he honseh.ild goods and |1.'0(» for counsel fees, which, con- 
sidering the wealth of the husband, was not all that she might have ex- 
jiected. Yet she was still eager for the main i-han.-e and ]iroceeded to 
construe the "h.inseh.ild goods" .lause \ery liberally, in fact, she tore 
a mantel out of the h.iuse whi.h she thus .-laimed a right lo dismantle, 
and sold it. F.ir this ofiense she w;is arrested .m the Sth of .lanuary fol- 
lowing by Sheritt' Hrock. As he did not like t.> take her to jail he i-e- 
mained in the h.mse t.) guard her until she .-ould have a hearing in court 
or s.Hiiie bail. I Miring the iiiglil Cunslabl.' Xels.in came willi another 
warrant t.i arrcsl her on a snil liv Or. M.-Cullev. t.i whom she had niort- 



gS HISTORY OV MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 

gaged her goods for uiedical atteudauce. The constable was refused 
admission and had to tear off a shutter to get in. And when he did, he 
found not a thing left of all the goods the court had awarded Carrie, 
except the cradle of that famous baby, which she still retained. Of eoui"se 
another arrest followed. When at last the heroine of this romance got 
free from the meshes of the law, she went west seeking fresher fields and 
pastures new. While her money lasted she cut a great swath at Pueblo, 
Colorado, as a rich young widow; and finally wound up there by bewitch- 
ing the landlord of the hotel where she made her home, who deserted wife 
and children to elojie with her. 

Early in 1S7S the school lioard expended §.jl.") in the purchase of block 
No. 1 in Coiicannoii's addition, and pi-ixeeiled to erect a four room school 
building there at an expense of $8.IMM>. One of the city papers com- 
l)lained that the location was too far out for the little folks. Now, with 
another building at the same jilace the ditlHculty is that it is too far in. 
The election for mayor this year was hotly contested and George W. Bur- 
chai-d won by a majority of !)0 over A. <'. Stich. P.urchard had been both 
a Ke}iubli( an and a Democrat, and had e<lited both the ■•Tribune" and the 
"Kansan," but he was able and popular. April 5th, another counterflt- 
ers" (uitfit was unearthed in the old land office building and Matt M, 
Kucker arrested for the crime of making money on his own account. In 
the summei" of this year the ju-esent city building was erected. 

About this time the railroad (piestion was exciting lots of interest 
as it was known that the St. Louis & San Francisco line was to be extend- 
ed west from Oswego, and Independence was anxious for something more 
than the "jilug." which was all she yet had. Besides, there were propo- 
sitions for a road southwest from Parsons, and the papers of that day are 
full of the i-epoi-ts of meetings held and committees api)ointed to bring 
hither three or four different lines, the initials of whose titles mean noth- 
ing now. Piobabiy if all tlie citizens of the town had pulled together, the 
•' -Frisco" wouhl have <(>me here instead of edging off to the north from 
("heiiyvale .itid angling tliiougb \\'ilson county. But there were divided 
counsels in ilmse days, and a jealousy betv>'een i)roperty liolders on the 
noith and south sides which Wduld not permit them to work together har- 
moniously, ami so the line v.as lost and the population which would other- 
wise hM\e come io swell the census of Indei)endence went to build up 
Chcrryvale. Probably Indejieiidence would have been a city of 1.5,000 
many years sooiht than it now will, if the " 'Frisco" road had been land- 
ed. Not only (lid the year 1S7!» witness the loss of this road, but the same 
year the "pin.-" was extended out into the counties to the west, and the 
city's (rade ihii-ehy nialeiially cii-cnmscribed. 

!n AjMil IST-.l. P.urchar.l' was recle.ied mayor, defeating Dr. W. A. 
-MiCiilley. Ill' to i.'(;(l. In Sepiembei- of that year Cary Oakes. who was 
Then ((innly treasiiier. losi a suit instituted by the county to recover $4,- 



HISTORY OF MONTfiOSIERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 99 

((7:^3(1 wiii.li lu- hiul unwittingly allowed to gvt into tlio Meisiiii I'.ank 
at Kansas ("i(y llio day liefore that institution closed ifs dooi-s. It was in 
the shajie of a draft from the state treasurer for the school fund account, 
and Oakes had put it in Turner & Otis' hank for colle<-tion. They for- 
warded it to their correspondent at Kansas ("ity, and it disappeared in 
that hole which at the time engulfed so many other fortunes. 

In the year 1880, the law in relation to city elections was changed, 
giving to mayors a two years' term ; and the year witnessed so little of 
interest here that it must remain a blank, so far as these annals are con- 
cerned. In the spring of 1881, L. ('. Mason was elected to the head of the 
city government, defeating B. F. Masterman. The following summer the 
people who have seldom refused to do anything asked of them to promote 
the educational interests of the city, voted .|4,(H)(I.(R) in bonds to repair 
that ill-fated fourth ward school building which had cost -IfliS.OOO.nO in 
the start. This year the board of education drew the color line by pro- 
viding a separate building for the accomodation of pupils of African de- 
cent, but they all refused to attend, and the courts decided they could not 
be discriminated against in that way. The ])rohibition law went into 
effect on liny 1st. and, before the year was over, twelve drug svores in the 
county, of which five were located in Independence, had taken out permits 
to enable them to sujtply alcoholic medicine to the thirsty. 

Februaiy ."ith. 18S'J. witnessed the second disastrous fire in the history 
of In!ie]iendeiict'. tive buildings on the west side of Penn. avenue, south of 
the bank building on the coi-ner of Myrtle street, going down, while two 
more were badly damaged. All the five were wooden structures, though, 
and when th.ey came to be repla<-ed « ith substantial l)rick and stone build- 
ings two stories in height, it was evident again that what had seemed to 
be a cijamity was really a blessing in disguise. 

May 2.^th, the new iron railroad bridge in ])rocess of erection over 
the Verdigris was swept away by the Hooded stream and went down 
about ten minutes after a heavily loa(]ed (lassenger train had ])assed over 
it. The loss to the comi)any was .ifiMi.OdO.dd. At the close of tliis year, 
the city counted among its actjuisitions during that period a canning fac- 
tory, a four story stone flouring mill, a foundry and a woolen mill. The 
location of so many manufacturing jtlants was secured at considerable 
effort and expense, and was thought to indicate that th<> future (»f the 
city was assured. Of the four, tlie I'.owen tiouring mill, alone. pi-o\i'd a 
permanency. 

.January 1.5, 1883, the .flO.ddd.Od in bonds asked by the school board 
for the ere<tion of a new school building in the tirst ward were voted by 
the bare majority of twelve. A two-story seven-room building was put up 
during the \ear. to be torn down just twenty years later to make room 
for one that was more modein and of larger size. 

Independence's third great fire occurred February 17th, when the 



lOO HISTOKY OF MONTGOMEItV CorXTY. KANSAS. 

half block on (he east side of llic avcutif and south of .Main sli-wt went up 
in snioUe. In M. J. Paul's thi-ee-slorv brick liiiildin<i on the corner were 
located, besides his grocery, the "Tribnue" ottice and the Masonic lodge 
room. Sjieaking of this tire at the time, the writer of this article said, re- 
ferring to the burning of the tiles of that iiaper; "The early history of 
Montgomery county can ue\fr be so well written since the destruction of 
these tiles." Since atteniiiling l'> wi-ile some of that early histoi'y I real- 
ize most iHiifiiniiilly the truth of that remark of twenty years ago. The 
loss of i)i<i[ierty in this tire was estimated at 175. 0(10. ()(). on which there 
was insurance to liie amount of .134,000.00. 

.\l the .\|nil election Dr. J5. F. Masterman won the niayorality by a 
majority of l!)t over X. H. Ives; and H. D. ('.rant became jioiice judge. 

in A])ril 1S.S4 a local paper says, "the coal bore is down 850 feet and 
the jirosiK'cts were then better for oil than coal." In view of subsequent 
developments, it .'^eems strange that our oil resources were not sooner 
brought to light. lu June of that year, the Southern Kansas railroad be- 
gan running a second daily train between Independence and Kansas City, 
to the great delight of all the i>eo].le here. The same month the city coun- 
cil granted a franchise to .\. 11. .McCormick for the construction" of the 
system of waler works which have sine.- that time supplied the city. 

The first murder in the history of Independence was committed 
August ISth. 1S.S4. It was a ("ain and Abel affair, the murderer and his 
victim being half brothers. The jiarties were .1. II. Hlackwell. the slayer, 
and Charles Xeal. the slain, liotli were half blood Clierokee Indians, and 
jealousy was ilie cause of the crime. The woman in the case was Mrs. 
J. W. .Ma.hlo.x. with wliom they both boarded. I'.lackwell was also Mad- 
dox's partner in the tinning business. Th(> tragedy occurred at the cot- 
tage home of .Maddox on U'est >?ain street, just o])posite the Christian 
dnu'li. r.lackwcll was under the intluence of liipior when he fired the 
shot Ihal pieiccl his brother's stom.-ich and ended his life. 

• Inst lierore the Xovendter election of ISSt. on the evening of October 
i.':!d. sky nickels tiied at a Iteimblii-an rally were resjionsible for a fire 
which desli-o\(Ml ilii-ee business buildings on Ihe wesi side of I'euu avenue, 
Shyr.Mk's i-eslauiani . Conrad Zw issler's barber shoji and Chandler Rob- 
liiris" ninsir si.ne. \i ihal election .-i proposition to issue .«;.~.O,OO0.00 in 

Xovenilier ITlh. the tirsi steps were taken toward building the Ver- 
digris \'alley. Independence ^^ Weslei-n railroad, which has since become 
the .Missouri Pacific line llirough here, 'i'he committee selected to prepare 
a charter for the new line cMusisled of Win. Dunkin. K. 1'. Allen, 11. W. 

for a'snrvey speedily gol .«! .•JtMi.OI). allhough «1.0II0.00 was all that had 
been asked.' 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. lOI 

On tlie niglit ot Deci'iiilicr ir>(li. ( "onimodoie liiowii's three-stoi-y 
lirick on tlii^ uortlieast coi-nci- ol Main slreetand I'enn.aveniie was burned. 
<J. Gottlipb'.s clothiuji- house, ilic "Star"' office aud the Odd Fellows hall 
were (he vietinis of this disaster. This tire resulted in the purchase of the 
"Kansan" utlice by H. W. Young of the "Star" aud the consolidation of 
the two ottiies under the name of the "i^tar and Kansan." 

At ihe spring term of the district court in 1885 Judge Chandler re- 
fuseii liie iujunclion prayed for against tiie issue of the court house bonds, 
but the case was carried uji to the state supreme court, aud, although the 
decision was the same there,-the legal battle delayed the work of building 
for nearly a year. At the city election in April there was a very spirited 
contest for mayor between two prominent citizens, L. A. Walker being 
supported by the progressives and John l^cCullagh by the conservatives. 
Walker was elected by a majority of 48. He was, by far, the most far- 
sighted and progressive head the city government had ever had, and it 
is due to him that grades were established throughout the city, and that 
the sidewalks in the business part of the city were widened from 12 to 16 
feet and the old wooden awnings removed. Although Mr. Walker lacked 
the powers of expression to make himself fully understood at all times, 
he was a man of very .strong individuality and of wonderful mental grasp 
and I'oise. He was a deep thinker, and a man of strong convictions and 
great independence, never following the crowd in his conclusions but 
always working them out for himself. He was radical in his views and 
policies and made many enemies, but everyone esteemed him for his in- 
tegrity and manly virtues. He had many of the characteristics of a 
leader of men and would have reached higher positions but for the defect 
adverted to. 

During 188.") Independence maintained its record as a bad town 
for the insurance companies. On March 8()th, seven buildings on the 
west side of I'enn. avenue, between ilyrtle and Laurel streets, were de- 
stroyed, including the old Wilson & Irwin store building, which was the 
tirst erected in tlie town. All weic wooden buildings, as were all of the 
five on the south side of East Main street which were burned June 13th. 
The last tire was evidently of incendiary origin, but as a result of the 
two. about the last of the wooden shacks were removed from the business 
(piarter. so that the city ](ut on a dilferent as])ect thereafter. 

Oti the fifth of Sei)tember the !!f:!.-),(l()0.00 in bonds asked for the build- 
ing of the Verdigris Valley road were voted with ])ractical unanimity, 
only 1 against to 4:!8 for. The vole was also favorable in SycauKU-e and 
Tnde](en(lenc(> townshijis. insuring the building of the road, and adding 
some .<?7.~. I )(!(•.( HI to the interesi h(>aring debt of the county. In October 
AV. T. Voe. of the Tribune, turned tlie lnde].endeiice iiostoffice over to B. 



I02 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

V. Devoi-e, President Clevelaud's appointee, aud the tirst Democrat t« 
hold that office. 

The year 1886 was one of the iimisi uneventful in the city's history, 
It had reached a population of 3,!tO(i, and was steadily growiug. The new 
railroad was completed down to the south line of Independence township, 
In July, two men. Samuel Unibenhauer and Thomas Birch, were suffo- 
cated while digging a well in the northwest part of the city. Frank V. 
Burchard, a dissipated scion of an excellent family, committed forgery in 
a real estate transaction and was sentenced to the penitentiary. The 
most noteworthy event of the year was the laying of the corner stone of 
the new court house on November :{()tli. The event was appropriately 
celebrated and the ceremonies were imposing. The principal address was 
delivered by H<in. Wm. Dunkin. and was historical and retrospective in 
character. 

The second murder which stained I he annals of our city was com- 
mitted February 2.")th. 1887. the victim being Joseph Tonkinson, who was 
shot after an exciting cha.se by Frank Meyer, whose sister Tonkinson had 
been unduly intimate with. Indeed the husliand of the woman had given 
Tonkinson a terrible beating some time jirevicmsly and threatened his 
life. As in the tirst murder case, it was a quarrel about a wonum that 
resulted in the killing. At the city election in April, M^ayor AYalker was 
defeated for reelection by H. H. l>odd, who received 1.5G votes to Walker's 
401. Dan Wassam. a well known printer, who has since a'cquired a com 
petency in the real estate business at Neodesha. was elected probate 
judge. This was what was known in Kansas as the boom year, and In 
dependence had the fever as severely as any city of its size, indulging in 
dreams of sjteedily becoming a great metropolis, and marking up real es- 
tate values to correspond Another east and west railroad was projected 
wliich even reached the bond-voting stage in Liberty township, but never 
materialized lo any further extent. There began to be whisperings about 
natural gas. loo. though the stories of burning wells were regarded as 
faiiy tales h\ most levelheaded people. Still, in May the city council 
votc'd a thousand dollars to ]>ay for prosjiecting for gas. and the same 
month granted D. V. Alexander, of Wichita, a franchise for a street rail- 
way which he did not build. In Derember the new court house was com 
l)leted and the dedicatory ex.Tcises orcnii-ed. with mote historical ad 
dresses by Judge George Chaiidlef. .1. I>. MrCne. Captain :McTaggart and 
others. 

To judge from the newspaiieis imbli.shed in Independence, politics 
was almost the sole subjeit of iiileresi during the year 1888. That was 
not only a Presidential year, but ln(le|iendeuce's honored son. Lyman U, 
Humpliiey. was a candidate for govei nor. When he returned home, after 
securing the nomination, he was ae.oided a most flattering reception by 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. I03 

bis f.'llow citizens of all parties, and the city felt itself iioiiored wlieu tlu; 
vote ill \()veiiil)er showed that alonj>- with Harrison he had received over 
SO, (1(1(1 iihir.tlity. the lariiest ever <ast for the candidate of any party iu 
the state. 

The uijiht of the Kith of .lamiary ISSi), a laiidiiiark of the early days 
went up in smoke, the stone hotel on east Main street, familiar to the 
travellini; i)ul)lic as the "^fain Street Hotel," was entirely destroyed by 
tire. The site remained vacant for fourteen years thereafter. On the 28th 
of February the I'nited States land office here, which had outgrown its 
usefulness — practically all the public lands in the district having been 
entered — was discontinued by order of the Interior Department. The 
contest for mayor- this year was between Wilson Kincaid and Dr. G. C. 
rhaney. Kincaid received 379 to Chaney's 347 and made a very popular 
official. November 23, the postoffiee passed from the management of B. F 
Devoi-e to that of E. E. Wilson. Mr. Wilson being one of the original 
.settlers and founders of Independence, and having devoted a great deal 
of time to the records of pioneer days, everyone v.'as gad to see him suc- 
cessful iu getting the office, which he conducted with diligence and fidel- 
ity. It was his last official position, however, as he died not long after 
the expiration of his term. 

If "no news is good news," the year 1890 was one of the best Indepen- 
dence ever experienced, for nothing out of the ordinary happened in the 
city during that year. It was, however, another political year which will 
always be prominent in the annals of Kansas. The ''Alliance" was then 
in tlie height of its prosperity and the columns of the press were filled 
with accounts of its ])icnics and public meetings. But it was not an 
especially prosperous year for Independence, the city having, by that 
time, experienced the full effects of the reaction from the manufactured 
boom of the later eighties, and business being dull. Indeed, it began to 
look as if the town would go to seed, as so many county seats in farming 
sections which had enjoyed "great anticipations" often do. 

-Vt the city election in April 1891, Wilson Kincaid was re-elected 
mayor without oi)position. At the same time J. B. Underhill became po- 
lice judge. I>uring this year the press was bemoaning the removal of the 
electric light plant, which had been shut down for some time previous, to 
Aurora, Missoui-i. Hut notwithstanding all that was said and done, our 
streets remain dark to this day. while a generation of children have grown 
to manhood and womanhood here. 

In March 1892, Tom Boniface,' the fat and jolly Englishman who had 
been in the meat business on East Main street ever since the pioneer days, 
was convicted of obtaining money under false pretenses and sentenced 
to the penitentiary. While awaiting sentence he caused something of a 
.sensation by confessing that he and a man named Kinnie, who was then 



104 IIISTOUY OF .MON rcllMKIiV ror.NTY, KANSAS. 

iiiiiiiiiiii Ihc inaiki'l. and I>. '1'. Sic|ihciisoii. lia.l. Ilic tall pivvidiis. stolen 
<-o\vs iH'loiiiiiiif"- to (Jeorjiv Waii'idMcr and A. C Siidi. One or both of 
these gviuk'nieii had bought al tlie luarkcl. and eaten on Uieir own tables, 
the meat of the cows stolen from them witliont having the slightest sus- 
picion of the way in which those animals liad been disjKtsed of. Stephen- 
son's prominence as a lawyer, land speculator, county ofKcial. and in oth 
er luisitions in the public life of tiie commuuity since he came here as- 
one of the original settlers in IH'.!). made his arresl the talk of the town, 
At that lime, and since, many have been charitably in<-lined to hold him 
guiltless and i'.oniface a perjurer who was anxious to pull others dowiV 
witli him. Stephenson was sentenced to the penitentiary, but after ho 
had served a portion of his term I!onifar<> made allidavit that his charge 
was false, and Stephenson was iiard..m-d and soon removed to New 
ISIexii'o. 

Early in 1893. the Indejicndcm v rity r.iumil grant. ■.! .1. I). Xickerson 
a franchise f(n- natural gas, and lie began drilling on the iJrewster place, 
live miles east of the city, after having secured a ]dedge from tlie business 
men to ])ay him -Ifl.dllO.IKl when gas was ready for delivery to the subscrib' 
ers to the fund. After so many vain attempts to secure gas for the city, 
this one materialized and before the en<l of the year the ](ii(es were laid 
and the city was using natural gas for fuel. This was tiie beginning of a 
new era foi- the city, and, though its recovery fr(un the dejiression that 
followed tiie boom times of 1SS7 was slow, it was sure and steady. Prop- 
erty lic^gan to roniniand belter tigures and values were more firm. Neg- 
lected ipuildings were jiainted and ilie signs of recovery from the 
'■dumjis" began 1o manifest themselves on every hand. While no one 
fully realized what the new <-(indiiions that were beginning to develop 
would do for 11h> city, contidem-c in her fut\ire was restored, and she 

(»n the 7lh of .Mar<-h iMumeit l»allon was brought into court and 
])lea(k'd guilty to murder in the second degree for |i;i i i ii ip;i i ion in the 
i-aid on the Coffeyville banks the jjrevious October, in which ihe other 
members of the Dalton gang, as well as several citizens, wcie killed. 
Judge .McCue sentenced Enimett to the jienitentiary for '.)'.» years, and he 
was at once removed to the ti-iin : there being giave fears (hat an attempt 
rescue him. Indeed, during The live months he had been 
)nnly jail SherilV ("allahan had maintained an armed 
■t Ihmisc in view of Ihe jiossibiliiy if such an attempt, 
I feeling of i-eliet iha.t ilie peojile saw this weak and 
of the most eventful eiiisode in Ihe historv of the countV 



WOTlld b(> 


made t 


confin(>d 
guard at 
and it w 


Ihe ,-oi 
as with 



dep; 



es for the fir-st 
ndilican candi- 



HISTORY OF J10XTC;0MERY COUNTY,, KANSAS. I05 

<l;it('. rccciviMl r>4r> voles to 47.'"> r;ist for IIciii'V I*.:u1(mi. the .-iti/.t'ii ciuuli 
(laic. 

Oil llic Fomlli of -Inly .Nfilloii Caiiiioii Iffl his Iioiik- in liiis city, stal- 
iiiii' that lie was lioiiiii To ( 'liciiyvalc to take a train for Si. I.oiiis. He was 
not af(er>\ar(l seen alive, so far as is known, but five days later his 
({('(Mniiposeil remains were found in a ravine neai' the river. Whether he 
had heen niuriH-red was a jirave (|nes1ion. Charles Merril was afterward 
Hied for coni].licity in the iiuirder. on the theory that Mcrritt had aided 
ill killinj;- him to avenj-e the honor of a sister. Merritt wis acquitted, but 
(ieoriie Stevens, who was the leading witness ajiainst him, had been ju'e- 
vionsly convicted of the same crime and sentenced to lie imii.n. Me is still 
ill jirison e.\;|iiatinji- an offense of which many (|iicsiioii liis jiuilt, and of 
which he never would haxc been convicted but for his p'licial dcjiravity. 
Indeed, most of the parties .■oniiected with the case wer.' of smh unsavory 
rejiiitalion that it was impossible to give credem c to their testimony. 
This was tlie tliird murder comiiiitted in the city — ii murder it >vas. 

Tile tirsi day id •laiiiiaiy 1S'.(4. witnessed the worst fatalitx' from the 
use <>{ fias tliat e\cr occurred in the Kansas iield, and one that caused a 
thrill of horror through this entire section. The story of the Keed tragedy 
is deiailed in another cliajiler in this work. No other event in !he iiistory 
of the city ever caused such a sensation as this did. 

Near the close of the same month, the coiiimunity was again lioiritied 
to lieai of the suicide of L'hilip Shoemaker, a prominent citizen and busi- 
ness man, who hung himself in a granary out at his farm one Saturday 
morning, during a period of nervous depression. 

This year was signalized throughout by tragedies. On the night of 
Jlareh 2r)th, Night Officer J. I). Burnworth shot and killed an unknown 
man who was preparing to rob the postoffice, and who had the drop oil 
him with a loaded revolver pointed at him and \\ithin ■Jnve feet of his 
breast 

When the electiiui for city otficers came oft" in April ISiC. Dr. «'haney, 
who had been elected mayor two years previous as the regular Republi- 
can candidate, was found heading the opposition citizens' ticket, with 
Carl Stich, the regular Kepublican standard bearer. Chaney had 50G 
votes and Stich 4U."). 

A very jdeasant occurrence was the celebration on the 14th of -Tune 
at St. Andrews church, of the twenty-fifth annivercary of its jiastor's min- 
istry as a priest of the Catholic church. Leading citizens of all denonii 
nations united in testifying to the appreciation in which Reverend Fath- 
er ['hilip Sclioll was held as a man, as a Christian, as a friend of human 
ity and as one who went about doing good to the sick and sorrowing. 

The question of the purchase of the water works by the city was 
voted mi. June •2T)t\\. and although the proposition to issue bonds for that 



I06 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

purpose received 215 votes to 115 cast in opposition, it was defeated for 
lack of the required two-thirds majority. 

Coniin<:f to ISlXi, tlie year of the greal silver tij;ht Un- the ])residency, 
we find, as usual wlien j)olitics absorbs so iiiudi uf ilie attention audeuer- 
gies of tlie jieople. that very little else of interest seemed to happen. The 
old adage that "Salan finds some mischief still f(H' idle hands to do." 
misi'h; be para])lirased to read,•■^^'hen The politicians don't keep the people 
busy, they will find some other mischief 1o amuse themselves with.'' A 
noteworthy event of the year was the ajipearance of Samuel C. Elliott, a 
jiroiuisiiii; young lawyer who had been county attorney for two terms and 
had securcni an enviable practice, before the jirobate court as a candidate 
for the insane asylum. He was sent to Osawatomie where he gradually 
grew worse and died a few years later. 

At the spring election in 18!IT \\'. 1*. Mowcn was chosen mayor by a 
majority of i.'77 votes over I. (J. Fowler. I'nder a new law just enacted, 
the whole coips of eiiy otlirers was cleiiive. even where they had previous 
ly been aiipoinleii by the m.iyor mid ((.nncil. and the ticket this year ran 
down ro street ( ninuiissioner. .1. It. rnderliill was elected clerk. Joseph 
Chaudlci, 1 iiy atimiiey. and II. W. Hazen. police judge. During the year 
the legal fight to jirevent the luiildiug of the county high school estab- 
lished by act (if the legislature in February, was kept up; but the prob- 
ability of its success was not great enough to seriously disturb the 
efjuanimity of the city. Another cluijster in this volume gives the full 
details of' this contest. One of the celebrated cases of tlie county was 
tried in the district court early in December, when Henry Sheesley w-as 
arraigned f(U- the murder of Captain Daniel McTaggart. The victim was 
one of the early settlers of the county anil had been jirominent in politi 
car life throughout its entire history. Indeed, he had served in the state 
Legislature for fourteen consecutive years and had been twice elected 
state Semitdi-. Sheesley was ;i tenant of McTaggart's, renting his flour- 
ing mill on (lie- \'eii'ii;i is, .nnl it was as the outcome of a dispute about a 
settlement of acceiinis early in Auiiiist that the fatal affray occured. Mc- 
Taggart was shot anil li\e(l but a few hours. Sheesley's lawyers nuide a 
strong ellori to |iro\e that he was insane, and he went through the forms 
of ha\ing an epile|itic lit in the court room, but the jury concluded that 
he was res|)'>nsible foi liis acts and convicted him of manslaughter. He 
was seulenced to fixe yens in the jtenitenriary. which most of those 
familiar with the facts considered a very light punishmenf for the offense 
of whi.-h he was guilty. 

l-;a!-ly in !s:is. a vitrified brick |.l,ant was established in the city, and 
(lie oiiiicil iirovided for jiaving flu' business streets with its products. 
AbouT the same time the Indejiendence <!as Company secured a greatly 
increased gas supply for the city by extending its mains to connect witli 



HISTOEY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. lOy 

tlic wells drilled by the Standard Oil Company out in the neijjlihorhood 
of Tiihk' Mound — that company having drilled foi' oil, and being williiig 
lo (1is])ose of the gas to oni- lionie (•onii)any. From this time on the city 
had an abundant sup]ily foi- manufacturing purposes, and efforts went 
on williout cessation to secniv their location and make Independence a 
manufacturing center. 

hi -ASay ISitS. the Twentieth K;insas regiment was enlisted for the 
Si)anish war, and coni])any ■•(;" wa.s recruited at Independence, and for 
the most part consisted of .M/,)ntgomery county boys. On the eve of their 
dejiarturi' for the state capital, the citizens tendered tliem a reception 
;ind bantpiet which was largely attended and proved a most interesting 
occasion, with a grand outflow of patriotic spirit. The oliicers of this 
company were: Captain, 1). Htewart Elliott, of ('offeyville ; First Lieu- 
tenant, H. A. Scott, of Sycamore; Second Lieutenant. William A. M'- 
Taggart. son of the late Senator McTaggart. When the company accom- 
])anied its regiment to tlie rhilippines, it was to leave there two of these 
three— Klliott and :McTaggart falling under Filipino bullets. 

This year Independence city voted |13,0()0.UO in bonds in aid of the 
extension of the Southwestern line of the Santa Fe down to Hartelsville 
in the Indian Territory. There were strings attached to the jiroposition. 
however, and one of the c;)nditions — that a depot should be built uptown 
and within about three or four blocks of the crossing of .Main street and 
reiin. avenue — the road had no disjiosition to comjily with, so that the 
\-ote was futile. I'robably this was the last vote of bonds for railroad 
aid which the city will ever make. 

Fire again made holes in the business portion of Independence early 
in 1S!I!(, Anderson's dry goods store and Gottlieb's clothing house going 
up in smoke on the night of the 31st of January, and the LaGrande hotel 
going to keep them coiii})any on the 13th of February. At the session of 
the legislature this winter the city was empowered to expend $.5.(10(1.00 
in building the out-let sewei- that was so urgently needed and the w<M'k 
was at on<e undertaken. 

Like Mnyor Chaney two years before. Mayor Bowen in 18!)!», having 
held one term after his election as a regular Republican candidate, be- 
came, at the end of the term, an independent candidate for the same 
office. I'nlike Chaney, though, he was elected, by a majority of 55. 

The business of the Independence postoffice having increased to over 
$8,000.00 annually on July 1st, 1899, it was raised to the second class 
and the postmaster's salary increased to $2,000.00 a year. Edwin Foster, 
one of the pioneers whose name is met frequently in the early chronicles 
of :Montgomery county, was now postmaster. He succeeded George Hill, 
who was the incumbent during Cleveland's second administration, and 
who made, perhaps, the most efficient and popular official who ever filled 
the office. 



I08 IIISTOKY OF MONTCO-MEKY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Next vcnr ilio pustofVirc iiiruiiic li:u] risen to -f in.OOO.OO, indicating a 
\evy rapid jirowtli in bnsincss, and witli the result that before the end of 
the year free mail delivery was established, with I.on T. Hwdson. Frank 
C. Ihnper and Dale Hebrank as the resnlar .arriers, and Will WiUiani.s 
as substitute. 

•Tune llHh. 1!)(»0, another election was held to decide whetiier to issue 
bonds and buy the water w(n'ks. and the ])roiK>sition was ai;ain defeated, 
as it had In^en tive years before, the arjiunieiit most successfully used be- 
ins;- that as tiie franchise of the comiiany would expire in five years it 
would be poor policy to i)ay them for a run-down and worn-out plant at 
this lime. when, by waitin<>-, we would be absolved from all necessity to 
do sii and cmild cicct an independent plant in 1905, 

'I his year the Republican ticket for city officers, headed by F. C. 
.Moses, was elected from top to bottom. IMr. Jfoses was opjiosed by Guy 
]. U';',tt, on a citizens' ticket, who was beaten by 109 votes. The most 
ini[)(M-1ant event of the year was the voting of $40,000.00 in bonds for the 
const luction of two new modern school buildings, of twelve rooms each, 
to take the place of the three exi.sting buildings, all of which were to be 
deiiK dished. To destroy school houses as good as we then had, seen)ed to 
many ])eople like reckless extravagance and prodigality; but the prac- 
tical condemnation of the Fourth ward building, erected in the pioneer 
days, made some action necessary and the voteis stood by the Board of 
Kducation and adopted the very radical proposition they submitted, the 
elect i-.n being h(dd on the .30th of April, every ward in the city giving a 
niajor'ty in ilieir favor and the total being ItiT. 

.V very i)!easant feature of life in Independence during the hot and 
dry summer of 1901 was the open air theatre at Gas Park, opposite the 
court house, where a i)rofessional actor, assisted by his wife and some 
very good amateur talent, gave weekly ])erforman(es all through the sea- 
son. Indeed, so popular a meeting place did this become that the union 
services of the churches on Sunday evening throughout the heated term 

The most ilesi ructive wind storm that ever visited the city occurred 
on the inclining of .Inne iMst. For abotit an hour, between two and three 
o'clock, the wind not only blew hard but hot from the west, the calm that 
followe 1 being acc()ni])anied by a temjjerature above 90 degrees and 
in some Icciiliiies in the country re])orted to have been over 100 degrees. 
The lireatest damage was <loiie to the court house where th.e galvanized 
iron work of the towei- \\a^ blown olf, and some of the windows broken 
outward, imiicating a cyclonic vacuum in the (mtside air. Aside from 
thi-^, the damage consisted iirincijially in the unroofing of buildings and 
awnings. The wind, however, had a very deleterious efi'ect on the corn 
crop, ihoiigh that was a failure all over the country that year. 

in r.M)2, Indeiiendence began lo see the substance of things iioped 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. IO9 

f(jr. :iii(l lici- |ie(>|il(' lo realize that she was passing out of liic chrysalis 
slauv and hcconiinj; a cilN in fact as well as iu name. The '•\\'ashiu';ton" 
and •■J.incolii"' sciiool huildinys were completed and school opened in 
tlieni about the middle of October. The magnificent five-story ''Carl- 
Leon" hotel was building and was opened for business the following Feb- 
ruary. The ^Midland Glass Company came from Hartford City, Indiana^ 
and built a factory hei'e, as well as a large addition to the city north of 
the Santa Fe railroad. Across the river, the Ellsworth Paper Company's 
mill was finished and put in operation, and the Adanison Manufacturing 
Company's sugar plant was erected and began the maunfacture of sor- 
ghum syr\i]i. Business buildings of a superior character were put up, 
and everywhere evidences of the new life the city had taken on were 
manifesting themselves. Meanwhile real estate was doubling and treb- 
ling in value, and the demand for residences was entirely in excess of 
the sujtjily, notwithstanding they were going up by the score. It was 
what, in earlier times, would li;ne been called a "boom," but seemed now 
to be only a healthful and normal growth. During this year the Indepen- 
dence 'ias Comiiany opened the great Holton gas field, with a capacity of 
seventy million cubic feet of gas per day, and connected it with our city 
system by i)ipe lines, thus making it contribute to our industrial develop- 
ment. At last things were coming our way, and they have continued to 
do so up to the present time, in a way that makes the air castles of the 
early settlers look like pinch-beck jewelry. 

The enumeration of the spring of 1!)02 showed a population of (>,20S in 
the city, a gain of over 2,000 in two years. 

On Octoljer 1st, a shocking double tragedy was added to the list of 
liomicides that has marred the history of the city. The victims were C. 
W. Hooper and his divorced wife, Luzetta. They disagreed as to th^ 
custody of the children, and he was jealous of her still, although sepa- 
rated. After consulting an attorney in his ottice over the postoflice, they 
stepped out into the hallway, where the man shot the woman iiud then 
himself, both dying at once. They had not long been residents of the 
<ity. having come here frojn Wilson county a short time previous. 

The city election in April 1903, resulted in the choice of W. P. 
Boweii for a tliir<l term as mayor. The opjtosing candidate was A. C. 
Stich, of the Citizens Hank, i'oth ran on indepeudent tickets, by jjeti 
tion, and Poweu won by ll.T votes, after (me of the most hotly contested 
tighls the city had ever seen. 

Although it is in no sense history, 1 find it hard to draw Ihis nar- 
rative to a close without saying something about the great things in the 
way (.f nuinufacturing industries that it is expected will soon materialize 
and ('ouble or treble the pojiulation of the city and extend its boundaries 
and multiply its business. But these things are. as yet, only ideas iu the 
minds of men and as sucli onlv can thev be chronicled. 



no IIISTdKV OF MnNr(;iiMi;i!V COtNTV. KANSAS. 

fail li vcali/.c li<>\\ very imiicrtfit ly it lias ln'cn pcitornicil. lii luokiiiji- 
Mvei- iiioic than a lliousaiid newspapers aud culling a few of the more 
strikiuii incidenis of eaeli year. I have not really been writing history, 
hut only chronicling a mere fragment of the story of the life of a growing 
lowii. Think of the pe()i)le who have l)een horn and grown to manhood 
and V cniianhood liere, of the stories of their lives, of the steady growth of 
ihc ciiy. (if the shade■emilo^^•(M■('d streets that now stretch out in all 
directions: of the thousands of tnculs that have Irappened here and heeii 
found worthy of mention in tlir city press, and of the tens of thousands 
of incidenis that have not liccn chronicled, hut of which many \\(:uld 
jiossess an interest surpassing tliose that have been ])reserved by the 
types — think of all lliese things and you will realize with me how little 
.if history is contained in the books that are called history, and how 
much must remain unwritten in our meager annals. 

Town Buildingf in the South-East Corner of Montgfomery County 

f.V nU. T. c. llIAZIi:!!. 

Claymore, Westralia. Tally Springs, Parker, 0!d ColScyville, Colfeyville and Liberty 
The \'('rdigris rixcr (so nansed on account of the dark green color of 
its wafers! has its origin in Woodson and (Ireenwood counties and, run- 
ning in a southeasterly direction, crosses the south line of the state near 
the southeast corner of Montgomery county. 

In the early days, just preceding the opening of the Osage diminish 
ed Hc.-crve to white settlement, no less tlmn four Indian villages oc- 
cii]ii:Ml the banks of this stream, near liii' iiuint of its emergence from lUe 
stale (it Kansas on the way to its continence w itli ilie .\ikansas near Fiwt 

lishcil theniselves near these Indian villages, the idea that ait imjiortant 
city wdulil soon spring u]> near this ]>oint seems ti haxc taken fast hold 
upon the minds of the early settlers. 

So nearly unanimous was this oiiinion among the hardy ]iioiieers 
that no less than si.\ towns were projected, within an aii^a encloseil by 
the segment of a circle drawn from a iioint tixc miles u|) the east line of 
the county to a corresponding point on the south line, within two years 
after the country was <i|)ened to settlement. Some of these were laid out 
and idats iirejiaied for tiling even before the ratification of the treaty l)y 
whicli the Indian title was extinguished, and almost e\-ery "siiuatter" in- 
dulged in rosy dreams of the time when his claim would become a jiart of 
the metro[iolis of the count\. 

There can be no doubt, now. that the contldence of the earl\ settlers, 
in the litness of this location for the u]il)uilding of an inijiorlaiit ira'ie 
renter, was well founded, but the eagerness of so man\ of them to enjoy 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. Ill 

juTou'^ litv. caiiic near disappointing the hopes of all, for the fierce battle 
for siipieinaiy. by whiih the aspiring villagers were rent ami torn, so 
dissipated the town-building energies, which should have been concen- 
trated in one united effort, that capital, which might have been attracted 
to any one of the sites chosen, was driven away by uncertainty as to 
what the outcome would be. 

What might have been the result if either of these locations had 
been backed by a united effort, none can know, but any old settler will 
tell you. that the energy wasted in the fierce struggles for supremacy, 
among those rival towns, wo\ild, if expended in building up one locality, 
have made it the best and biggest town in Southern Kansas; as it is I 
doubt not that many loyal citizens will now tell you. that the best, if not 
tlie laigest. town in Southern Kansas is to be found in the southeastern 
(<iriicr of Montgomery county. 

In .June 1869. Governor Harvey issued a proclamation organizing 
the county of Montgomery and aj>ponitiug three commissioners who, at 
their first meeting, in the following mouth, divided the couuty into three 
townships, indicated by two parallel lines crossing the couuty from east 
to west. Later on these townships were subdivided by two parallel linos 
crossing the couuty from north to south, thus creating nine townships, 
each having an area of about seventy-two square inilers. Of these sub- 
divisions, the southeastern, comprising the territory now included in 
Parker and Cherokee townships, was known as Parker township and 
within the limits of this territory much of the eai-ly history of the county 
was made. Here the towns of Claymore, Westralia. Tally Springs, Parker 
and Old Cotteyville rose aud fell in rapid succession, to be succeeded by 
the present city of Coffeyville. all located, as above stated, in the south- 
east corner of the township, near Avhere the Verdigris river crosses the 
south line of the state. 

In iis much as the early poj)ulati<m was concentrated in and about 
the villages, and that it shifted from one to another as confidence in the 
stability of one site waned, to be succeeded by a boom movement in a 
rival place, it is evident that the makers of the early history were inter- 
ested in the growth and develojiiiieut of more than one of the rival towns. 
It seems advisable, therefore, that certaiu early events, which affected 
the community as a whole, should be treated of before entering upon the 
re'ital of the s] e<ial life history of the individual villages. 

Early Settlers 

Lev^i> Scott, a colored man, who made a settlement in the Verdigris 
valley iiii,]-v>ay bet«-een the sites subse(juently chosen as the location for 
the towns of Coffeyville aud Parker, in February 1867, claimed to be the 
first "white" settler in 5I(mtgoii;ery county. This claim is confirmed by 
the late E. E. Wilson, author of a valuable historical sketch published in 



I 1SS1. Aii.li-cas. ill Ills liis- 

II may W due to llio \ni>ur,-i- 
n .laimni-v ISCi;. sclllfd al t 
iclillv sclrcl.Ml as llic sili- lor 
>\vrNci-. is ill cn-or. (im-ii l>, 
I rivcJK ill lS(i(i, as slated liy 
of i.alicllf i-ounty. one of tlif 

still bears his iiaiiic. From 
S(iS to a TKtiiit lower down tlie 



112 insiOKY or MuN ri;(>Mi;i:v i 

Kdwai-d's Ilisi.-.rieal Atlas of the eoiiiiix 

lory of Kansas, aeeords whal<ncr lionor 

settler lo Creeii L. Canada who. he says. 

|poiiit on riim]ikin creek, whii-h w.is siilis( 

the villa-e of Clayniore." This liisl.,rian. 

Canada did make a setllen;eiil on rnmi. 

.\iHlre:is. hnl at a |ioinl within the horde 

subdivisions of which- -Canada lownshi| 

Ihis idac.' .Mr. Canada moved in heccmbei 

.•reek which was siil)se(iuently seledeil as the site for the villai;t> of Clay 

more. So the fact remains, as stated liv .Mr. Wilson, that Lewis Scott 

was tlie |,ioneer selller of the coiinly. 

In hiMciidier ISCT. Zachariah C. Crow seitled on a claim ad.jcniiin.!'- 
that id' Lewis Scott. The following names are remembered as beinsi- 
am..iiu- llnise who came to this corner of ihe county in ISCS: .John .\. 
Twiss. T. C.. -L li.aiid Allen (iraham. -L F. Savaue, .la.k Th(.m|.son. F,. 
K. Koniice. William Fain. Mrs. IC. C. l'ow,dL .lohn Lnshbanuli. Cccn L. 
Camo'a. -lohn .Mclnlvre. Joe ijoberls and W. T. and S. W. .Ma,\s. Of 
ihese. ,„ily .L F. Savii.uc .Ldm .\lclnt.\ie ami .Mrs. !■:. C. Lowell remain, 
while many who came in ISti!) are si ill in're. 

Wiiliin ilie liiiiiis of i'arkiM- township, as ori-inallv constituted, tiie 
tiisl llirec sclio.d districts in the couniN were oi-ani/ed. Within this 
lerrilory ih,- lirsl school house in llie cMinly was built ; the tirsi sclio.d 
laiii;lil :' the tlrst sermon incache.l : the lirsl marriai;e soh-nmi/.e.l ; 1 he 

chiircli |mri».ses erected. Here was ladd Ihe tlrst im|nesf and the tirst 
invliminary e.xaminaiion on a chai-v of murder, conducted under the 
forms of law. Wiihin the limits .d' this lowiiship liie most siartliii.u and 
sensational act of moli violence known in the hislory of the county was 
enacted, and iiere an enormous bonded ilebl was fastened ujion the 
couiilv bv id.'ction methods the most dariuu and coiisi-ienceless that <-aii 
be .-on.-ei'wd. 

The lirsl sciio.d house, erected near Tally S|.iini;s. in the early siim- 
mei- n\' lS(i!l. was a very ])rimitive structure indeed. Its walls consisted 
.d' slabs set on cud and sui>ported in an upriiihl position by jioles at 
laciied to lour jnists set in the jironnd. The bare earth served as a Moor 
and the roof was i>artly of ela]. boards and partly of straw cut from the 
prairie near liy. Windows were unnecessary, as the chunks between the 
slabs .d' Ihe walls admitted all the liiilil and'air Ihal was needed. In ilrs 
riKh- siructure .I.din C. Kounce, a yonn- son of l>r. !•:. K. Koumc. tau-lil 

)Mdie\.'d to be the pioneer siliocd of the ,-oiint\. lUiriiiL;' the winl.'i' .d' 
lSt;i>-7u .Miss i>aura Foole condu<-ted a school at the village of ClayiiMU'e 



IIISTCIltY OK MONTCiOMEKY COUNTY, KANSAS. 113 

hill llicrc <-:ni lie no lioiihi iIimI tlic Ki.iiii.-c si-Ikm.I i.i-(TC(icil ili;i1 taiij;lit 
l)v Miss Imk.Ic 1i\ si'V.Tal iiioiillis. 

Relig:ion 

Till- iliiicraiil Mcrlnxlist iiicuclii'i- is usually the lirsl lo s|Mca(l (lie 
■■<;la(l n(iiii;L!s" ill |ii(incci- sell leiiieiils of the wcsl. hiil in llils coiiiily lie 
was |.|(tc(1im1 \,\ his I'.aptist hvotluM'. Kev. F. L. WalLcr. a Baptist min- 
isiiT IK.iii (»s\\c^i). Kansas, pi-oaclied an <i|i('ii air serinou at Tally 
S]iiiii-;s in ilic siiiuiiifi- of ISIiit, wliii-li is believed to he the first cffovc at 
leliiiions teachini; excr at teiii|)1e(l in the county. At this time the first 
chnicli organization was effected under the name and title of Salem Bap- 
tist chni-ch. 

A little hilei- ,111 KIder .hiliii Kaiidlc. a Christian minislcr. inciched 
a series ot sermons in the same localitx sdinetimes (icciipyin^ the srluiol- 
house above described and sometimes Inddinii forth in the oiien air. or at 
tile houses of the neijihboriii}; settlers: esjiecially at the home of the 
widow Fike whose daiisiiiter the Keverend iientleman afterward mar- 
earliest protraried mectinu. or reiiiiions revival held in the county. 

The (dd loji cliiiicli which stood on an elevated ](oinl in the north- 
west c(>riier of the township, beside the wajion road leadinji' from Coffey- 
ville to Independence, was undouliledly the first bnildinji erected in the 
county to lie used exidiisively for clinrch purposes. It was built by the 
iiniteil efforts of tlie settlers in that [lart of the townsliiii. of roush hewn 
lotis. coiitrilmted by tlie "siiuaiters" on the timber lands alonji the river 
and raised by an asseml)laj>e of neif;libors fjathered tojiether liy previous 
ai)|iointment for that jiurpose; the four corners lieinji- securely notched 
tojiether; the s].ace between tlie loi;s filled with bits of wood plastered 
with clay and the whole beinu' covered with a substantial roof of clap- 
boards. 

This old church was, for years, the shrine toward which younji- and 
old l)eut tlieir steps ou each recurring Sunday, but time, which effaces 
all tilings, has left nothing, save tlie neighboring graves, to mark tlie site 
of the sacred edifice. 

Wedding Bells 

Aliimt midsummer of 1811!) "Old Man ^■asser,■■ the pioneer gun- 
smith, living (ui a- claim just north of the village of Claymore, gave his 
daughter, Catherine, in marriage to one, James Danehu. This was believ- 
ed to be the first marriage in the county and the men and boys from the 
village, and neighboring claims, proceeded to celebrate the event in true 
frontier style; creating such a frightful din that some unsusjiecting 
neighbors tied from their lionies in morlal fear of an Indian ujirising. 



114 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 

The First Murder 

In March or April 1870, an old man named Mc-rabe. living alone in 
a little cabin a short distance northwest of Tally Springs, was found 
dead a few yards from his cabin door. The discoverer of the body, hav- 
ing rei)orted his ghastly find to George ('aril. .11. a claim-holder living 
near by. alarmed the neighborhood and led a jiarty of half a dozen or 
m(>re to the scene of the tragedy. 

The condition of the })remises, as seen at tiiis visit, indicated thai 
the old man had been stealthily ai.|M(.ache<l while silting at his l)rcak- 
fast : that a shot, which jtassed through his boot leg. had given the tirst 
intimation of danger; that McCabe had risen hastily and engaged in a 
struggle with his assailant, and that the victim, after being shot through 
the bodv at such close range as to set Hre to his clothing, had run from 
tiie hut and fallen forward'on his fare, and thai the b.idy had been roiled 
over and the pockets rifled. 

This murder furnished the occasion for the first inquest held in tlu' 
.•oiiiily, and incidentally showed the "squatters'" respecr for orderly 
methods of procedure in such emergencies. The county not yet being 
fullv orgaiii/.cil. iheie was no ollii-ci- in reach, so far as these settlers 
knew, wlio was (niaiitu-ii to lake cliaiuc of this case, but the assembled 
neighbors, desiring, as far as iiossible, to observe the forms of law, pro- 
(■eeded to elect a jury comjiosed of -I. F. Savage. George Carlton, Mike 
Carlton. !•:. K. Kounce, John McGaleb and John Swarbourg. These gen- 
tlemen elfecied a formal organization by electing Mr. Savage foreman 
and were sworn in as a .(ironer's jury by < '. H. Wyckotf. :in attorney at 
law. 

This jtiry instituted a formal investigation which resulted in the 
conclusion that the facts were substantially as stated above, and that 
the motive was robbery. A bullet digged from the earthen floor where 
it had iiuricd itself after passing through the vit-tim's trousers and boot 
leg. indiiated that the attack had been sudden and unsuspected, and the 
upset table and scattered ware showed that the man had risen hastily 
to defend himself, or escape by flight. The burned clothing at the point 
where the fatal bullet entered the body indicated close contact Avith the 
jiiurderer. as if there had been a struggle for life, and the similarity of 
the exiiiimed bullet to the one cut from the body of the murdered man 
was evidence that the assault was made by but one ])erson. while the in- 
veited pockets showed robbery t(f be the motive for the deed. 

it was also aj.parent that the assassin had done his bloody work 
hastily, as several dollars in bills were left in his victim's vest imrkct 
and a i)iece of script, or fra<tioiial paper cnrreiicy. was found on the 
ground beside Ili< bodv. 

The flnding of the jury was. that ■•de.eased canie to his death by 



i-.m! from : 


, pistol 


in III 


(■ iia 


lids of SI 


)iiio pcr- 


was Www 


l-(Mllll\(' 


(1 1o 


111.. 


lioiisr of 


(Jeorge 


iiial whi.l 


1. lH.\vrV( 


•r. \v: 


IS fi; 


ll-liuT .l.'l 


ayed, as 



iiicaiis (,t 
son iiiil'CiH 



First Preliminary on the Charg-e of Murder 

The uiiauthoiized i.roiccdinus of tiic Tall.v Siniiifis settlers, iu the 
matter of tlie McCabe iiuirchM-. althoui-h honorable and well meant, were 
not lierniitted to pass unclialleimed. Wiiile .MrCabe's body still waited 
tor burial lOli Dennis, of Wesiralia. who had recently been eonimission- 
cd a .Insiice of the Peace, appeared n]>oii the scene with a po.sse and. 
lakiiii; jiossession of the body, proceeded to hold another incjuest. I am 
not informed as to the tindini; of the second jury .but it mnst have cast 
sns]iici(in on three brothers named Shaw, who were hcddinji' a bnnch of 
cattle in the neighborhood and contesting the rioht of ?>I<-Cabe to hold 
the .•laim he occui.ied. 

h w.is .ille.ued by the selllers on the north si<h- of the creek, that the 
We.stialia party came out prepared not only to hold the imiuest but to 
-execute the murderons Shaws, who. it is believed, were already adjudged 
guilty of the crime. An air of jircbability is given to this suspicion by 
the fact that one of the eiiuipments of the party was a length of new rope 
which could have had no legitinuite oflfii-e to perform in the ceremonies 
attending a legal incjuest ui)on the dead body. Hk>wever this may be, 
word had gcme out that the Shaws were in danger and the Tally Springs 
party liastened to the scene of action where they found the suspects under 
arrest, and a council in progress under a large oak, with spreading 
branches standing out from the body suggestively. The most of these 
neighbors having brought their long sipiirrel rifles with them the visit- 
ing gentlemen from the south side of the creek, esteeming discretion the 
better part of valor, silently withdrew leaving their prisoners in the 
hands of the Tally Springs contingent. This movement j)roved only to be 
a feint, as a i)osse was sent out early the next n.orning to re-arrest the 
Shaws and bring them to Westralia for trial. 

Then followed the arraingnnient and trial which, as before stated, 
was the first formal examination held in the county on a charge of mur- 
der. VA\ Dennis. .1. I'.. ])resided and J. M^. Scudder enacted the roll of 
j)rosecutoi, while <". \\'. I'Jlis and J. D. Mcf'ue. two young men who sub- 
sequently rose to positions of prominence in the judiciary of the state, 
were retained as counsel for the accused. The legal battle raged fiercely 
for several days but victory finally perched ujion the banner of the de- 
fendants' attorneys and their clients, being released, hastily left the 
country. 

The real murderer (d McCabe will never 1h' knnwii. l)ut some of the 
settlers north of the creek suspected one. f.ill Howell, a suspicious looking 



Il6 insn^HY OF MONTI.OMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

fclldw. will) had tor smiic time ln'ou hauj;iug aroiiud the cimiii of tlic 
Sliaws ami who. as was at'icrw aiil i-eiiieiiil>ered. (lisa]>peaie(l on the day 
of the iinnd.T. and was iit-vci- ai;aiii seen or ht-ard of in tliis iiart of the 



Bonding the County 

In 1S7(» llie I.. ].. & C. Kailway r..iii|>any submitted a i-roposition 
to hiiihi Iweiity-oiie miles of road in "tlie coiinly. eouditioned upon the 
votinj;- to said comiiany. in aid of the entei]irise. the sum of two iiinidred 
thousand d<dlars in eounty bonds. As if was evident that the road 
\v<inld be biiill across The lounly near ils east line. Parker townshi]) un- 
dertook lo sec that the projiosition was artepted by an affirmative vote, 
and in order That tliere mij;ht l)e no failure in carrying; out that iiurjiose. 
all restrictions on the elective franchise, on aci'innt of aiic se.x and 
residence, were temjiorarily removed. 

The election was held at the town «d' Wesiraiia and for that day the 
fijiht lielween the rival towns was suspended, the citizens of each vicinity 
viein^ with those <it the others in their efforts to carry the i)ropositiou 
tjiroujih io a successful issue each faction, id' course, expecting its favor- 
ite locality to be made the terminus of the line, and each, no doubt, hav- 
ing assurances from the manijiulators of The project, that its desires 
would be gratified. All were, tlierefore. animated by a determination to 
jioll cuoiigh \(i|es to ove!-conie any opposition that might lie develo]ied in 

W hen the day appointed for the election arrived a board, friendly to 
the pro|iosition, was installed and the voTing began. It soon developed, 
however, that VA\ Dennis, one of the judges, was inclined to be over-crit- 
ical as to the (pialitications of voters, so a novel scheme was concocted to 
get him out of the way. It chamed that he was the local justice of the 
jieace aii<l numerous litigants had iiusiness with liini that dav that was 
to., important to admit of delay so he was called aside for frequent and 
ju-olunged i-ousnltation. during whidi intervals visitors from Labette 
'•ounty. the Indian Territory. Arkansas and Missouri, and such small 
boys as were and)iti«ms to cast their "maiden ballot," were rushed to the 
jiolling idace and permitted io vote for the bonds, no questions being 
asked, exce](t that each voter give a name, his own ov not. no matter, to 
be enteied on the tally sheets. 

Inder these circumstances it is not surjirising that men voted 
"earlv and <dten," but even these irregularities were not surticient to sal 
isfy the manij.ulators of the job. It is alleged that Fred O'ltrien, an 
expert ],enmaii enqdoyed in (Jeorge H,all's grocery at I'arker, i>rocured 
some blank tally sheets which he tilled with names c-oj.ied at rand<Mn from 
an old New \,nk dirertory fouiul among the etfe.ts <d' his employer. 
These were passe.l in to the elc'-tion board with the number (d' ballots to 



HISTOKY 01' MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. II7 

rom's|ioii(l with the names on lUe bogus sheets, and niatle a jtait (jf the 
returns. 

I can not now rerall (lie nunibcr of votes pulled at Westralia on that 
eventful day but it was not far short of the total i.opnlaiion of the 
county. By su<li means the coveted aid was voted and in the following 
year the road was built, but with charadcristic ingratitude the company 
ignored the claims of all the friendly towns and selected a site just north 
of the village of ("offeyville for the terminus of the line. 

This exhibition of bad faith on the part of the company aroused an 
intense feeling of bitterness in the outraged community which culmin- 
ated in an effort to defeat the delivery of the bonds. Suit was brought in 
the United States court at Leavenworth, with Albert H. Horton as at- 
torney for the county, but for some reason — which has never been satis- 
factorily explained — the county commissioners suddenly changed front 
and oi'dered the suit dismissed "without prejudice;" this was accordingly 
done and au order issued for the delivery of the bonds, which of course, 
passed into the hands of innocent purchasers, and thus another link was 
forged in the conspiracy against the county. 

The bonds being delivered and sold, it became the duty of a subse- 
quent board of county commissioners to levy a tax for the payment of 
interest and to provide a sinking fund for the ultimate redemption of the 
bonds. This the board declined to do and the case again went into the 
courts. This time the people took a hand in the fight and appointed an 
advisory committee to collect evidence and advise with the commission- 
ers as to the best method of conducting the defense. The Parker towu- 
shij) contingent of the advisory committee made a thorough inquiry into 
the AVestralia election methods and secured the consent of a nuinber of 
the chief actors to a])pear in court and testify as to the irregularities 
herein described, but for some reason the commissioners compromised the 
case and the evidence failed to become a matter of record, but the facts 
as herein stated may be confidently accepted by the student of the early 
history of the county as being substantially cori-ect. 

Murder and Mob Violence 

h>. 1S71 the deliberate and cooly planned murder of an inoffensive 
old man. which furnished the occasion for the startling and sentsational 
act of n;jl) violence already referred to. occurred almost within sight 
of the town of Parker. Old Jake Miller and John A. Twiss were rival 
claimants for a quarter section of land adjoining the original settlement 
of Lews Scott in the Verdigris Valley. Not succeeding in ousting Twiss 
by intimidation. Miller called a consultation of his friends to devise 
some more effective means of getting i-id of the jirior claimant. In pur- 
Fuance of this ijurjjose John Sturman. William Ross and Jim Braden, a 
negro, met at Miller's house and. after discussing the situation, concluded 



Jl8 IIlSTUIiY (If lHiNii,(i.Mi;l!Y COINTV. KANSAS. 

(iilious iihui was to reiiiovi' liiiii by assassiiialidii. A plan of iiroceedurc 
hcinj; ajiiwHl uiion. and a certain Smiday iiijilit sot for tlie perjietratioii 
of the bloody deed, the (■ons])ira1(;rs dispersed t > their several homes to 
await the ai)'pointed hour for the iicrfoniiainc of l]ii>ir respective jiarts in 
llie bloody drama. On that fatal Sniiday ni-hl (he chnrrh-Koinji jiart of 
tiie community were surprised lo sei- old .lake Miller and his entire fam 
ily enter the vilhifie churcli. and many wliispiTcd comments were made 
upon the nuustial circun. stance. 

The movements of Sinrman on that day are not now remembered, 
but they were such as to euabU' him lo prove an alabi, if it should be 
nei-e,><sar.\. Koss liM'd several miles up ilic ri\er and on that account was 
not likidy lo be sus]iecled : and in liie case of the neyro. liraden. there was 
no known motive to cunnect him with suih a crime. However, as was 
develojied by the subseipieni invesl ii;at i ni. i;.;ss was lo commit the mur- 
der and the ne.uro was to wail for him ai a certain point on the river, 
where a skilf was known lo be kcpi. and there set him across thai he 
mi.uhi retni-n to his home by llie mosl dire.i and li-ast iravele.l i-oute. 

On the .■ifteru'KMi of ihc i]a\ a|i|ioiuled foi- Twiss' reuioval Koss i-alled 
at the store of W. W. Ford, in I'arkcr. and purch;is.-d an ir.iu wed;;e. 
whi.h had the price marked upoii it with while i^aiut. in the merchant's 
private cii)her. He also boui;lit a Inuch of some kind and ate it in the 
store, takiufi so mucli time aliout it tliat it was quite late when lie look 
his departure. From there he evidently went to the home of Twiss where 
he shot the (dd man as he sat at his table reading a small jxicket bible. 
This shot not i)r)vinf; immediately fatal the old man appears to have 
risen and i-ushed to the door, wlu-re lie was met by the nmrderer who 
clubbed him with his uun. <ru.sliin<; his skull and breaking the stock from 
Hie barrel of the gun. 

river, sank the bicken gun in I he water and was ferried across by Hraden. 
who ihi-n returned to his (iwii home in the heavy timber. 

The body of the murdered man was soon discovered by a neighbor 
reinrning from the church wheic old .lake .Miller had that night attended 
<1hiic1i. The alarm was gi\i'ii .ind an immediate search for a clue to the 
perpetrator of the crime iiist it ut<Ml. 

in those days claim iroblcs were nit an infrequent cause of enmity 
between neighbors, and .Miller's known contention with Twiss for ])osess- 
lon of the ciaim they both occuiiied. and his sudden piety on the night of 
the murder, caused him to be susiiected of i-omidicity in the crime. He 
w:is. theiefore. arrested on the following Tuesday morning. The arrest of 
Stnrmau and liraden soon followed, not because there Avas any evidence 
against them but because of their known inliniacy with Miller subjected 
Jheni to susj)icion of having a guilty knowledge of the crime. 



HISTORY OP MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. II9 

In the meantime search was being' made abont the Twiss cabin for a 
flue which resulted in the finding and identitication of the iron wedge 
purchased by Ross on the day of tlie murder. This, of course, connected 
Ross with the crime and he was immediately arrested. The i)risoners 
were arraigned before S. B. Morehouse, J. P., for exan)ination on a charge 
of murder, J. M. Hcudder appearing as attorney for the state and ('. \V. 
Ellis acting as counsel for the accused. .V plea of "not guilty" was 
entered, and as there Avas no evidence u]iiiii which to hold Miller. Stur- 
num and Braden, (hey were released. 

Marshall S. S. Teterson, however, still kept his eye on the negro and, 
finally, hy threatening to lock him uji in the little one-celled calaboose 
with Ross, he was so wrought up, on account of his superstitious fears, 
that he made a full confession to the facts as above recited. 

On the strength of this confession Miller and Sturman were re-arrest- 
ed, and Braden, being assured of his personal safety, consented to come 
into court and give evidence for the state. 

Following the discovery of the tragedy which had been enacted at 
the lonely Twiss cabin, i)opular excitement had raged at fever heat and 
the sessions of the court had drawn such crowds of interested spectators 
as to tax the capacity of the little school house where the trial was held, 
and it was expected that the final sitting would bring out an unusually 
large attendence, and that the tide of popular excitement would reach 
the danger limit. So a posse was summoned to secure the safety of court 
and prisoners, but notwithstanding the rumored confession of the negro 
and its confirmation by the finding of the broken gun at the place ])ointed 
out by him. the finding of the iron wedge and its identification as the one 
bought by Ross on the day of the murder, and the sensational story that 
Braden was expected to tell about the conspiracy and crime, the attend- 
ance was noticeably small. There seemed to be a sudden lapse of popular 
interest in the proceedings and when the prisoners were remanded to 
jail to be held for trial before the district court, only a few idle men and 
boys were on hand to follow them and their guards to the calaboose, 
where they were manacled and locked up for tlie night; a guard being 
placed about the building for additional safety. 

Some time during the night the seeming lapse of pojmlar interest in 
the court proceedings at the little school house were exj)lained in a start- 
ling manner. Another court, that of "Judge Lynch," had evidently been 
holding a star chamber session with a full attendence. The guards at the 
jail were suddenly confronted with overwhelming numbers and (piietlv 
ordered to surrender. So orderly and unexpectedly was the attack that 
the men seemed to have risen uj» out of the ground and in such numbers 
as to nuike it apparent that resistence would be worse than useless. So 
the ofticer and his posse silently obeyed the order to lay down their arms. 
The jail key was taken from the pocket of night marshal. John Sowasli, 



[20 



I.MICRY COUNTV. KAXSAS. 



he (looi- iiiil.Hkca and llic piis.-iicis li 
guards, ('xcciii iwo vnuii- Icllows. \mmv 

n(i\.- Idi- a j;iv.-ii lime on pain of ,1c: 
vliirh ihc lu-isoniMs Wfiv niciinlrd and 
1 III lie \\a\ cast and tlicn inrncd nn-ll 



;lii foith. The olliccis and 
lird into the jail and liie door 
nnu tVllows were siaiinned i 
■s Id ihe -west and lolil not to 
A wauon was prornicd into 

o(M-ssion loi-nicd wliirh vod 

lh(> diivi-tion of the sccnr oi' 
Ihr latr ti"i<i('dv. All these inoveineiils were executed so silentix llial llie 
slec|iini; inmates of the nearest resi(h'in-es were undisturbed. 

The two youii<; men witli their fai-es to the west stood like slaines 
until sure tlieir ]irol)ation had expired, when ilu'\ pi-ornred a sledge ham 
mer and I)r(>ke tlie loek from tlie jail iloor. lelrasin- the otlhers and 
^uai-ds. I)UI n I pursuit was at ti'iiipti'd unlil nioinlni;. when I he liodies of 
their prisoners. Milh-r. Sturmai; and Ito-s wi-r.- louml hanuinu fnnii a 

l.ram-h of a lar-e <.ak whi.h st 1 n,Mr ih.' door of the Twi>s .'alnn. 

The man wlio kej.t tlie feri-,\ near In icpoiied that he had set an 

niiihi. and liie guards at the jail estimaleil I he nnndier of iln'ii- laplors 
fi-om tiftv to si.\l\. lint till' exail nnndier has ne\-i'r lieeii known. N'l'itln r 



This was n.. .ir<iinarv m,.l. mov.'d to deeds of violence I,n lier.-e nn 
reasonin.u passion, liul a rompan.v of cool-headed. del,.iniine,l men. wlio. 
seiMM- in the Tw-iss murder a menace to the piMcid'nl and orderU adnnn 
istralion ..f atVairs. so ne,cssai-v to the salVl\ and uood reimte of i he com 
mnnit.v. resolved to forewarn those who were imlined to vi.-hj to the 
promplinus <if i-vil jiassion. bv visitinu swift and terrible punishment 
upon the stealthy and cowardly assassins of an unotfendiu^ old num. 

This is amjilx pro\en by tl n'tire absence of the usual methods of the 

mob. There was no noisey blnstei-. no wanton destrui-tlou of jiropei-ty, 

I IVoi-i 1,1 t,-rr,iri/.,- the ,-,imniunity li.\ \hr rckh-ss discharge of firearms 

and the mntilali,in of th,' li,Mli,-s of \Ur victims, but just a (piiet and 
<^nlerh intlicti,.n ,if lb,- ,leath jienallx njion a ,-,invi,ted murderer an<l his 
f.dhiw ,onspiral,irs. 

<ir,iinaril\ no u,i,.d citiy.,-n can alford to <-on,l,ine the taking; ,)f human 
life wiliiont iin,' pr,'i,-,'ss ,if law. but in a frontier settlement sn,-h exe, t. 
'■,.!is as is h,M,' ,l,.s, lilMMl sometimes atiord the best possible safejiiiard fo 
Ih,' livi^s an,l pr,ip,Miy of the w.dl-disposed. That such was the etfe,-t of 
llie snn;mary exeiution of the Twiss murderers, there is little doubt, as 
in those days there were many conflict ini; interests whiih mi<>ht have 1er- 
nnmiled in inurdei- if this one had been ]>ei-mitted to pass unavenged. 



IIISTOKV OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 121 

Rival Towns 

In tlic winter of ISdS-'.l the tnulinii i)()st of (i. L. ("jinada. on I'linip- 
kin ("reck, became tlie nucleus ol' the villauc of Clayiiiore wiiich grew to be 
a smart little town of jieilnijis one liuiidred sonls. Kai-ly in the spring 
following a town (■omi)aiiy was foi-nietl wilii (!. L. Canadii. jiresident. ami 
A. M. Unncan as secretary. A few small si ores wer(> ojiened to snjiply 
the \illagers and scattered settlers with dry goods and groceries and to 
trade with the Indians. John Lnshbangh. on.' of the store keepers, also 
kejit a tavern for the entertainment of man and beast, and Dr. Stewart, 
the ])i(>neer doctor, whose armamentarium consisted of a {■?w obsolete 
journals, a time-worn disjiensatory. a pair of dila]iidated saddle hags, a 
tooth forceps and a dozen or so of bottles and jiackages. set nr an oftii-e in 
one corner of Lushbangh's store. 

'lUe promoters of this town started out with high h ipe> of building 
a town o*' importance but. alas, for the .stability of hiimau lioiies. the 
sunujier was not halt over before the enterprise was o\eishado\\ed by the 
fotmdiug of the rival town of Westralia. 

This village was founded l)y ("ajjt. H. < '. Crawford and lOli Dennis 
in the early summer of ISlJil. It was located on a broad plateau, midway 
between Claymore and the sdutli line of the state, on an old cattle trail 
leading from the south, known as the West Trail, hence the name, 
"\A'estraIia. 

The village sprang into prominence and in a very few months boasted 
a population numbering several hundred. It was the mart toward whi<'h 
long lines of prairie schooners, freighted with fruit and produce, from 
Missouri and Arkansas, wended their way. anil its merchants did a flour- 
ishing business with the scattered settlers in the neighborhood, the Osage' 
Indians from the several villages scattered along the river and the resi- 
dents of the Cherokee country on the south. When I visited the place 
in the late summer of the same year it presented an air of bustling ac- 
tivity snr])rising to see. in a country so sparcely settled, but it was the 
supply point for a territory many miles in extent and its merchants did 
a thriving trade. ]Mewhiney & Fagau. E. C. Robertson and X. F. Howard 
were leading merchants. (). E. Hines condticted a harness and saddlery 
shop. Louis Souger kei)t the village hotel. Joe Benoist. of Baxter 
Springs, put in a stock of drugs i the first in the county) i)resided over by 
John Fleming. Perry Clary and Ed. Suydam were dealers in live stock. 
Joe :McCreary ran a saw mill near by and Dr. Allen, afterword famous 
as a Masonic lecturer, was the village doctor. The jiioneer news]iaper of 
the county was jmblished here, as ajipears in the chajiter <mi "Newsjiap 
ers" in this book. 

It would seem that a town with five or six hundred inhabitants, lo- 
cated on a commanding site, doing a large and lucrative business in 
nearly all lines of trade; its professional men. merchants and tradesmen 



122 HISTORY OP MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 

owiiiii}; llu'ii- stores, shops and resideucrs, might well hope to hold its 
own a<iiiinst all later rivals, hut such was the state of uncertainty as to 
The final location of the nietroi)olis that men held themselves in readiness 
to mimnt their buildings on wheels and move them to any point which, 
for tlie moment, might' seem to l)e backed by a more powerful influence. 
So Westralia. with" all her business and bustle and bright prospects. 
Avas destined soon to e.xperience the fate of her sister— Claymore. 
Tally Spring's 

In August isc.'.i. .). F. Savage. K. K. Kouncc. William Fain and Dr. 
Dennison formed a town company and laid out the village of Tally 
Springs, around a large natural spring of that name on Potato (.'reek, 
alxuit One and one-half miles northwest of Westralia. Lying directly in 
the line of the L. L. & G. R. R.. as afterward constructed, this village 
miglit. by liberal management, have become a formidable rival to the vil- 
lage of \Vestralia and prevented altogether the founding of Pai'ker 
and the ])resent town of (^)tifeyville. but E. K. Kounce, whose claim 
formed a part of the site, had such an exaggerated idea of the importance 
of the location that he refused to encourage the investment of capital by 
giving away building lots. 

It is said that Parker, York ^S; Co.. Ilic wealthiest of all the pioneer 
merchants, prepared to (»pen up their immense stock of merchandise herf», 
if given a onecighth interest in the town site of three hundred and 
twenty acres, but Kounce ]ironij>tly informed them that if they wanted 
lots in that town they must buy them. This undoubtedly settled the fate 
of this promising village, which never attained a ])Oi)ulation above fifty 
or seventy-five people. After the building of the railroad the name of the 
village was changed to Kalloch. and a statiim maintained there for a few 
years, but even this was finally aband)ned and the land reverted to farm 
]nirposes. 

Coffeyville — Old Town 

.Vbont the lime the Tally S|. rings townsite was lieiiig jilattcd uv a 
little later. Col. Cotiey. N. B. P.lantou. Ed. Fagan. -lolin Clarkson and 
William Wilson formed a company and laid out a town around Col. Cof- 
fey's trading ].ost. previously estai)lished for the purpose of trading with 
the Itlack Dog band of Osages, who then had their little village south of 
Onion Creek, on the site subsecpiently appropriated by Ben. Chouteau, 
and still known as the Cliimteau place. The new town was named Cof- 
feyville in honor of its priucii)al f<ninder, but it did not assume imich 
imporlance until 1871. Col. Cofiey was (lie jiriucipal merchant, N. P.. 
I'.laiiloii kei)t the hotel, Peter Wheeler, an accomplished young ])hysici;'/i. 
administered t> the ills of the ].eople, K. V. K.'iit i>resided at the black- 
sniilh's forge, and S. H. Hickman kept a little store and handled the 
Fnited States mail. 



I 


11 Ih 


(■ hit 


f sniiiiiH'i' of lS(i',(. James \V. Paikev. ot 


Sta.ui 


' ('.; 


iiipa 


ii.v. raine to soiitheni Kansas to i-e> 


;tii(l i 


licid. 


nital 


ly to try the etiect of tlie i-liiiiate on a p; 


whirl 


1 he 


had 


long been a sufferer. While liere he bei 



lIlSTOliV (IF MONrco.MKItV ((irNTY. KANSAS. I 2 J 

A little later on ('. W. Munn. IJarron cV; lleddon. .1. S. r.nriis and 
Kead Bros., were added to the business circles, but as before stated the 
real history of the place did not begin until the L. L. & d. Railroad was 
built in 1871, so it will be treated under the head of ("oft'eyville, of which 
it soon became a part. 

Parker 

the Southwestern 
r and recuperate 
inful disease from 
ante greatly inter- 
ested in the jirospect of the early growth of a good town on the border, 
but not being satisfied with the conditions of either of the sites already 
laid out, he purchased a claim of Peter Miller on the east bank of the 
Verdigris river, about one mile from Westralia and a little nearer to the 
state line. Here he laid out and jilatted a town site, and soon after or 
ganized a town company, with Maj. H. ^^^ ^lartin as president, and D. T. 
Parker as secretary. 

This town was christened I'arkersbourg in honor of its founder, but a 
little later on the ••Ixmrg" was drojiiied. as it was thcmght that the simple 
name of the founder was more aiijiropriate. as well as being less cumber- 
soiue. The well known character of Mr. I'arker for honesty and flnaucial 
standing served to attract immediate attention to The new town and 
people began to talk about the rising metropolis before there was any 
thing, except the surveyor's stakes to mark the site. 

U'hen T came to the place in the last days of October in i860 there 
were just three houses on the town site: the original claim caliin, a small 
structure built of logs, a little board shanty used by the town company as 
an office, and a siuall three-room building owned and occupied by Robert 
Walker as a boarding house; Init ground had lieen broken for the local i<:i! 
of a large double store room soou to be oecujiied by Parker. York & ("o. 
as a general store. Their .f4().00n.00 stock of goods was already being re- 
ceived and stored in temporary sheds, until the building could be made 
ready for occupancy. 

Wright & Kirby had located a saw mill near by and a considerable 
nunilier of men were engaged in felling the oak. cottonwood and walnut 
trees, of which there was an abundant growth in the valley lands, and 
carting them to the mill to be cut into lumlier to sujijdy the raj>idiy iu- 
oreasing demand. The saw and hammer were lieard early and late, and 
stores, sho]is and residences sprang up as fast as himlier could be 
obtained for their construction. 

Parker, York & fo.'s building was soon completed and their im- 
mense stock of merchandise, consisting of dry goods, groceries, hardware, 
boots and shoes, hats and ca]is, farming implements, liquors, etc. were 



124 HISTOUY OF MONniOMKKY fOt'NTy. KANSAS. 

(>l)('iK'(i Up ;ni(l a r..ij)s of clerks iiisiallcd I<i si-ivc tlic imiiicrdiis ciisldiii- 
I'l-s who came fioni many miles anmiid. 

Tlic oiMMiiiiii <if lliis mainmolli slure was followed by llie oiieiiiiij; of 
many smaller jjlaces. rei)resenl in;: all lines of iiade. transformini; llie 
place, in a few weeks, from a (|uiel landscaiie inlo a llirivinji coinmefcial 
cenl'T. 

riie wide i-e|'Utalion of the fininder of ihe new lowu. the confidence 
displayed by I'acUei-, York ^K; Co. in llie invest nieiiT of a small forfinie in 
mei-caiitile l)nsiness in this border land, and the iin]ii"ecedeiited growtli 
of tlie county in poptilation, served to siimnlate a mai'veloiis growth in 
tlie little city, so that, in less than a year, it had conipletely overshadowed 
the ri\al xillages and accpiired a poimlat ion estimated at one thousand 

ber {•arkei'% York i: ro' \V. W. Fonl. (li-een L. Canada,' linenaman I'.ios., 
liani.klaw I'.ios., and (ionid .S: McDonald, geiieial ineichandise ; Fra/.ier 
& Fra/ier. Wells IJros.. (ieorge Ihill. John \Viij:lil. and Cox I'.i-os.. uio 
ceries , Cunningham & Frazier. and Scott & Uooser. drugs; I ). A. Davis, 
and Mines & Hiolly, harness and saddlery; Ziba Ma.xweli. stoves and tin- 
ware, Caj.t. .V. .M. Smith, and Vaiinum \- I'etersoii. livery; S. < ). ICbersole, 
jewelrv; .lohii To(bl. wagon-maker; Morehouse ^V; Iteardslev, and .hdin \j' 
wark.'bl.icksmiths; .1. C. Fra/.ier. Inmbennan; -bpseph ItiMiadum. Frank 
IJotigs, and .John .Mel (■maid, carpenleis and buildiM-s: C. ^V. KIlis, Len.y 
Xeal. and It. F. IloriM-r. attorneys; (i. H. I'.aker. .■diior of tlie Parker IJec- 
ord ; .Idhn I'.eNcrly, barbel-; Louis IJliule. bakei and confectioner; ('. M. 
Ilealhi'i-inuton. billiard hall; Smith .»^ .\tillen. Siott & Kearns. John 
I'riitleman. ami Xeal .V Cotliiigham. liquors; John Lijisy, Robert Walker, 
John ilrown. John Warper and Henry Lee. boarding: S. U. Mondunise 
and .M. D. I'.ailev. hotels; C. S. I'.rown. book-keei.er ; \Villiani Wallace. 
John S. Lang. I'rnsi)er Vitiie. Fred OT.rien. i:noch lla<lder. Malt iMaper. 
and Fdwin Foster, clerks; T. C. Fra/ier and F.. li. Hunwell. physicians; 
several of whom are still residents of the <oniiiy. 

Society in Parker 

(In Chrisimas night, lM;;t, llie successful inaugural i<m of the new 
town was celebrated in- the midst of a blinding srn.w storm (Ihe lirst of 
Uu- s:-.!>oni by a grand ball given in the large hall over I'arker. York .^L 
Co.'s store, llie bampiet lieiiig s])iead al .lames Itiown's hotel, where 
plates were laid for one liundred couples. This was doubtless Ihe first 
social e\enl. of an> considerable inipoiiance. in .Montgomery county and 
it was conducled in a manner thai would have done credit to a much 

.Much has been said and wrillen ab..nl ihe -wild and wooly" .-liar 
acier of the iieople, their predilection for -a man for bi-eakfasi e\er\ 



HISTORY OF MONT(!OMERY COUNTV, KANSAS. 125 

iiioniiiii;-," and all lliat. l)iit. as a iiialtcr of fact. iK-isonal ('iicoimlcrs were 
infriMHicul and tiio low dives and dancf houses that dis«-ra(e llie average 
border town, were nol tolerated. On tiie contrary, lliere was a friendly 
feelinji and unanimity of iiurjiose anionj- our peojile— a disposition to act 
tojjcllier in matters ]iertaininj!,- to tiie material welfare of the community, 
and ai' absence of petty jealiousies lliat would have been remarkable in a 
much older community. True, llie town was a resort for many roujih 
(•har.icters. as every bustlinj;-, border town must be, but as a Dile i;ood ,1 
lowsbip prevailed, even in the most boisterous assejiiblages. 

As for our social gatherings they would compare favorably with 
those of any old community. A stranger dropping into one of our even- 
ing entertainments would iuive found our women as modest and well 
dressed, our men as genteel and courtley. and our conversation as re- 
fined and well sustained as in any part of the country. He might have 
missed the music, the Howers. and the swallow-tailed coat, but in other 
respects he would have no reason to consider us uncivilized. 

To be sure the •■shindig" was jfatronized by the ruder element of so- 
ciety, and on such occasions the hoodlum was very much in evidence, but 
even in these meetings good nature usually jn-evailed. and when it was 
otherwise, a black eve oi- a blood\- nose was generally llie most serious 
casualty. 

It was the unity of purpose, above mentioned, that enabled the people 
of i'aiker to sustain, for three years., the bitter tight for supremecy which 
was waged against the rival town of ("otfeyville. backed by the jiowerful 
influence of the railroad company. It was this unity of ettort that en- 
abled them to compel the railroad comiiany to extend its line to Parker 
and maintain there, for months, better depot facilities than were sup 
plied to its own town of ("otteyville, but the contest was uneipial and 
some of (Mir largest cai>italists, growing tired of the struggle, abandoned 
the tivht and a stampede .piickly followed. 

Incidents 

It is no easy task to select from the multiplicity of events which gave 
color to our community life during the brief time in which Parker was the 
recognized metropolis of this corner of the county, those which will best 
illustrate the characteristics of the residents of that ill-fated village, but 
as my st(U-y would hardly l)e com])lete without some such attemjjt, a few 
of the more striking are selected, leaving much to the imagination of the 
reader 

The story <»f the summary justice meted out to the niurderers of .John 
A. Twiss has already been recited, so it only remains to be said that this, 
although itself an unlawful act, serves to emphasize the determinatio.i 
-of this pioneer community to protect the lives and property of the well- 



126 mSTOUY OF MONT(^OMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 

disposed, evt'ii ro the point of Takinj; Iniiiian life, wlicii tlio <ir<niiistances^ 
seoniod to wanant siicli lieioii- measures. 

On mimerons oci-asioiis our iieojile weic .a lied iiimii to exliihit tliis 
deteniiinatidii in sudi an eni]iliatic manner as I<i waiii the toniili element 
tliat they wonld nut lie permitted to teimri/.e the weak and timid \vit3 

In the sjiiinii- of 1S71. when the lailruad was neai-inji' completinn to 
("ollVyville. that village took on (piite a little Imom. Cattlemen were driv- 
ing tiieir heids to that i»oint for shipment and witli these herds came the 
usual quota of reckless cowboys. The influx of this element caused the 
opening of numerous saloons and dance houses, and this, of course, 
brought into the community the usual gang of gamblers, pick pockets, 
thugs, and all-round toughs Avho constitute the patrons and hangers-on 
of such i)laces. These gentry, as might be expected, soon took sides with 
("offevville in the town fight then just beginning between that village and 
I'arker. Almost daily threats we're made by these fellows that they were 
about to raid the latter i>lace and wijre it out of existence, and the experi- 
ment was actually made on several occasicuis. 

Among the frecpienters of "Red Hot Street." as the locality in ('of- 
fevville given over to saloons and dance halls was called, was a notorious 
uang. known as the "Adams gang." These fellows had frequently giveii 
it out that they were going down to J'arker to shoiit uji the town. One 
morning word was br.mglit in that the "gang" was actually advancing up- 
on the city, and {(reparation was made to give them a warm reception. 
I'rettv sooii they were heard riding across the river bridge and in a few 
moments they appeared in the south cTid «if Oak street, which was then 
the main Imsiness street of the town. Here they were met by a committee 
who notified them that they were not wanted in that town, at the same 
time calling their attention to the gleaming gun barrels protruding from 
every corner and doorway along the street: a convincing evidence of the 
inhos]iitable intentions of the peo]de toward sui-h fellows as they. Tliis 
eiHh'd the interview, and the "gang", esteeming discreticm the better part 
of valor, (piietly withdrew to be seen in that town no more. 

On another oc. asic n two young fellows ro<le into the town without 
jirevions announcement, "to have some fun with the town." They were 
more ilaiing than, the "Adams gang" an<l actually <-ommenced hostilities 
by shooting the windows out of «nie of the hotels. The shooting attracted 
liie atieiifion of the marshall. who soon aiqieared <m the scene with a 
jKisse and summoned the invaders to suricnder. and u])on their refusal to 
do so the marshall shot one of them through the neck, while one of his 
assistants beat the other into insensibility with a club. When the man 
with the bullet in his neck was picked up he was found to have sustained 
a broken neck. ]U-odu<ing complete jiaralysis of tlie body and lind.s. from 
which he died two days later. Has companion soon regained conscious- 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 127 

uoss and was ](ciiiiiltf(l lo lea\'e town, while tlie wouinlcd man was put 

to bcii in till' Iiotel u]!in wliicli lie had just (h' a wanton assault, and 

tendoi-ly cared for until deatii. 

Out of tlie killinj- just desci-ihed j;i-ew tiie only fatal eollisiou be- 
i\\<'('n resident citizeus of the town. This tragedy — tlie killing of George 
('on!\ by Alex. Kearns — which was enacted on the following day, cre- 
ated a more intense feeling of excitement than any other event which 
ever occured in the village of Parker. These two men were rival saloon 
keepers, between whom an unfriendly feeling had existed for some time, 
!;:id .tfter the fra/.is above desc! '» d Conrv accused Kearns of kicking 
the c'nbbed man as he lay uucon.scious where he fell from his horse. 
Kearns resented the accusation and on the following morning went to 
Conry's' place of business and demanded an apology, which Conry re- 
fused to make, but, instead, reitteiati'(5 the charge previously made. 
This so enraged Kearns that he opened lire upon Conry with a small 
caliln r revolver, inflicting several l)ody wounds. Friends interferred 
and Kearns then returned to his own place, while Conry went to his 
boai'ding house a few rods away, where I was summoned to dress his 
wounds. 

As I passed down the street toward Lee's boarding house, where 
Conry lived, Kearns cauie out of an alley just ahead of me and also 
turneu in the direction of the boarding house. A moment later, Conry, 
stripped to the waist, rushed into the street pistol in hand, and a duel 
with hu'ge caliber weapons began. Several shots were fired, one of which, 
from Kearns' pistol, jtas.sed through the thin w'alls of the building, 
wounding Henry Lee in the arm. Finally, Kearns, resting his pistol on 
his left arm, took deliberate aim and fired. Simultaneously with the re- 
port ot his pistol Conry leaped higli in the air and fell dead in the street; 
the ball having entered his right eye so centrally as to make only a 
sight nick in both the upjier and lower lids. Kearns was immediately 
])laced under arrest and then began the intense popular excitement be- 
fore referred to. Kearns. who was blamed for following Conry up, after 
iiaving the best of the first encounter, was a tierce-tem{)ered, over-bearing 
fellow, while Conry, aside from his business, was considered a quiet and 
respectable citizen; hence public indignation ran high against Kearns. 
The friends of Conry were bent on avenging his death by mob violence, 
but the better element determined, if possible, to prevent this additional 
blot on the fair name of the city, so they formed themselves into a volun- 
tary committee to protect the prisoner and (piiet the excitement. After 
two days and nights of unremitting i^tfort, dispersing groups of excited 
people here and tliere and doing guard duty at tlie hotef where the prison- 
er was held, the committee succeeded in bringing about a better state of 
feeling. Men returned to their various occupations and the law was per- 
mitted to take its course. In this case, however, its course was not in ac- 



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M0NT(;OMi;i!Y COf.NTV. KANSAS. 

l\c heaid siiiiie very ^ood men 
'I'll peniiilteil To work i(s will 

Coffeyville 

In the sprinj; of ISTl. when the Leaven woil h. I.awreme iV: (iaiveston 
railro;i(1 mow fhe t^anta Fel was nearinji completion to the south line of 
the state, certain ofticers and emjiloyes of the com])any selected a tract of 
land lying immediately nortli of and adjoining the site of the "Old Town'' 
of Coffeyville. but located within the Osage Diminished Reserve, for town- 
site purposes. This tract of land, being a part of .section SO. township 
34. range 1(5 east of the sixth i)rinci]>al meridian, was surveyed and 
platted by Octavius Chanute, chief engineer of the above-named railway, 
company" as "Railroad Addition to the City of Cotteyville," and it was 
entereii for the "benefit of the occujiants" by W. H. Watkins, probate 
judge, on the 22d of June ISTl. On thi- I'dth day of October of the same 
year. Mr. Chanute filed his ]ilat in llie ofiice of the register of deeds for 
Montgomery county, and thus was hmnched on the uncertain sea of com- 
mercial endeavor, another asjiiiaiit for tin' honor of being rated the best 
town in southern Kansas. 

The following winter The frietids of the new town ])rocured (he enact- 
ment, by the state legislature, of a sjiecial law aTithorizing the incor])0- 
ration of the village of Cofl'eyville as a city of the third class. This law 
was signed by The governor on Tlie 'IMh day of Februai-y 1S72, and a few 
days later w;is jiresented to H. O. \\'ebb. judge of the district court for 
Montgomery county, together with a petition ]iraying for the issuance 
of the necessary order for carrying the law into effect. This order was 
issued on the ."ith day of March ISTl'. fixing the limits of the new city so 
as to include only the "Railroad Addition" before mentioned. 

Judge Webb's order incoritorating the city of Coffeyville ffxed March 
Iti. 1872. as the date for holding the first election for city ofMcers. and 
desitinated election officers as follows: Judges. T. !*.. HIdridge, (t. W. 
Currv and J. .M. Sciidder: Clerks, II. A. Kelley and A. W. Hoit ; Can- 
vassing Roard. J. O. Vannniii. C. J. Talinian and I». P. Hale. These 
election offhers being duly (|iialitied b.-fore illi Ucniiis. .1. R., on the 18th 
of March, proceeded to p( ifoiin their duties in a<cofd;ince with the order 
of the <(inrt. and iriade piochinration of the result of the election as 
follows: 

Mavor elect. A. I!. Clark; ( ■oiiii.iliiieti ele.t. W. II. Rowers, G. W., 
Ciiii-.\. I;. .1. Talliiiati. 1). I'.lair and i:. S. I'.hlridge: I'olice Judge, G. A 

The mayor and coiiiici iiiicn elect Imving been <liily ipialified, held 
Iheii- liisl meeting on the L'l'd of .Match. :itid coiiipleled the organization 
bv 111" aiiiiointiiHMit of I. X. Kiiee|;ni<i. citv clerk and I'eter R. Flvnn, 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COINIY, KANSAS. I 29 

Tims it ciuiic about that tlip terriluiv phillcd as an ad.liiicn to the 
villa<;o of <'.>t1("vville iK'caiiie tho iiicoriioratod city of Cotfeyvilic to the 
oxcliision of Ilic town to which it was piesunicd to be only an addition. 

This anoinahins ciicunistance was iircsnincd to bo justified by the 
fact tliat the ( 'lioroticc Stri]i. on whiih tlio old town was located, was not 
open for entry at Tlie time of the incoi-poi-ation, and, therefore, not under 
the jurisdiction of the court for such purjioses. but. as will be seen later 
on. tiiis view was not a<ceiited by the settlers on the oi-ijiinal town site. 

Tiie Cherokee Strip of that day was not the Cherokee Striji opened to 
settlement a few years aj;o. and now a part of Oklahoma territory, but a 
narrow striji of land (about two and one-half miles wide at this ]toiut) 
acquired by tieaty witli the Cherokee Indians when the final survey was 
made to locate the :{Tth i)arallel of latitude which marks the southern 
boundary of the state of Kansas. 

On this strip, which was not ojiened for entry until about two years 
after the ()saj;e Diminished Reserve lands cam(> into nuuket., was located 
the orifijinal village of Coffeyville and the thriving town of Parker and 
this is the lircnmstance i)reviously referred to which gave Coffeyville the 
advantage and ultimately enabled her to win out in the fierce struggle 
for sujiremacy waged l)etween the two towns in the early seventies. 
Parker, with a better site, a larger jiopulation and a stronger financial 
backiiig, had to yield to her younger rival because her town company 
could not tell liow long investors would have to wait for titles to the lots 
on which they were asked to make inijirovements. 

Having secured incorjioration and etfected the organization of a mu- 
nicipal government there was much rejoicing and mutual congratulation 
among the j>eo]de of <"orteyville. but the new city's troubles were by no 
means at an end. 

In addition to the tight made by the lusty young city of Parker, there 
was war Ix'tween the two Colfeyvilles. There was blood in the eye of the 
people of the "old town" Itecause of the cou]* i)y which tlie new town had 
secured sejiarate incorporation and robbed the old of its United States 
postofhce, which had been moved across the line. Frequent stormy meet- 
ings wei-e lield at which the situation was discussed and the i>eople of 
the old town, having a sufficient club in that clause of the constitution 
which provides, "that in all cases whei-e a general statute can be made 
a]iplicable, no sjiecial law shall lie enacted," finally jirevailed so far as to 
force their neighbors to surrender their charter and seek re-incorpora- 
tion under the general statute. 

A petition was circulated and signed by the people of the two 
villages and jiresented to K. W. Perkins, then judge of the district court, 
praying for tlie incorporation of the two villages into a city of the third 
class in accordance with the general law governing such incorporations 
in the state of Kansas. This petition was tiled on the 25th of March 1873, 



130 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 

and ill! oidei- issued designating the 7th day of Ai>i'ii as the date for hold- 
ing the first eh^tion. ai)i)ointing eU^rlion and canvassing hoards and 
defining the houndary limits of the city so as to include the platted terri- 
tory (oni])rised in both villages. 

The election being held as per order of the court one hundred and 
sixty ballots were cast and the canvassing board declared the following 
officers elected: Mayor. Dr. G. J. Tallnian; ('Mincihiien, J. M. Hedden, 
W. A. Moore. T. J. Dean. A. J. Hanna. and W. M. Molterly; Police Judge, 
John A. Heckard. The mayor and councilmen elect being duly qualified, 
met on the Kith of April and coini)leted the organization of the new city 
government by electing W. A. Moore, president of the council and ap- 
pointing the following subordinate officers: City Clerk, Luther Perkins; 
Marshall. E. M. Easley; Treasurer. W. T. Reeil; and Street Commission- 
er, (jeorge Tuck. 

Local troubles thus being liapjdly adjusted the warring factions 
found time to unite their efforts against the rival town of Parker which, 
for reasons already mentioned, soon abandoned the unequal contest, but 
not until the attention of investors had been diverted to other points. 
Libera.l inducements were offered to the leading merchants of Parker 
and also to the banking firm of Parker. York & ('o.. to remove to Coffey- 
ville. which were finally accepted. This desertion of her strongest busin- 
ess firms broke the fighting sjiirit of the Parker ])eople and the town col- 
lapsed as suddenly as it had grown into ])rominence. but the result was 
almost as fatal to Cotlcyville. as that town was so completely checked 
that it was several years iM-forc her jiopulation I'cached the number boast- 
ed by her unfoitiinate rival at the end of the first year of her meteoric 
existence. 

In the early eighties the town again began to grow and on the 20th 
day of July 1S8T. by proclamation of Governor John A. Martin, it was de- 
clared to be a city of the second class, the i)receding spring enumeration 
having shown a population exceeding two thousand persons. The census 
of 11)00 shows a population of 4,0"):} and the assessor's returns for 1903 
shows a ]io])ula1ion of T.07."i. 

Financial and Commercial 

From the earliest iiciiod of iis hisiory <'ollcyville has been the bus- 
iness center foi- an cxicnsivc i.-nilory from v.liich her merchants and 
tradesmen hav<> drawn a hnge and In'cralive business. Men who began 
business here in Ihe early days with a small capital have grown rich, and 
the number of business faihires have lieen remarkably few, and those few- 
have been due to incajiacity rather than to lack of business opportunity. 

In Ihe eailv days all immigrants had a little money, received from 
Ihe sale of I heir belongings in the slates from which they came, and, being 
made up mainlv from a class little accustomed to handling money, they 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 13 I 

scpiiicil to think their iiurscs like the "widow's inise of oil," (•oiihi never 
be wholly emiitied. Many of them lived so expensively that when the time 
came for enterinj; the lands they were reduced to the necessity of borrow- 
inj> money at exhorbitant rates of interest with which to pay the entry 
fees and make necessary improvements. 

The breaking up of an immense acreage of virgin soil loaded the air 
with malaria and a great deal of sickness resulted. It thus happened 
that extravagent living and sickness, condtined, brought some years of 
hard limes. whi<h were bad for jiurely financial concerns. The two local 
banks, those of T. K. Eldridge and Noah Ely & Son. failed, and a few 
snmll merchants were forced to close their doors, but with these ex- 
ceptions the mercantile and financial institutions of Cofl'eyville have 
always been above suspicion of weakness. 

Tlie neighboring farmers have either mastered their early difficulties 
or sold out to later comers who wei'e in easier circumstances. Mortgages 
have been jiaid ott and many farmers, after getting their places well im- 
proved and well stocked, still have a good bank account. 

Tins condition of the farming interests makes the merchants pros- 
perous and puts it in the power of the banks to take care of every legiti- 
mate demand for money at reasonable rates of interest. The merchants 
on their part are loyal to the banking institutions, as was well exempli- 
fied during the last financial crisis, when banks all over the country jvere 
being forced to close their doors by a wild .scramble to withdraw deposits. 
When it became evident that the gereral panic would spi-ead to this lo- 
cality, the merchants joined in a published statement, declaring their 
entire confidence in the stability of the local banks and pledging them- 
selves to keep on deposit every dollar that could be spared from their 
business, instead of using it to discount their bills, as had been their cus- 
tom. This action immediately restored the confidence of outside deposit- 
ors and doubtless averted financial disaster. 

Railroads 

The people of Cofteyville have always been keenly alive to the value 
of transportation facilities and have given such encouragement to the 
construction of railroads as could l)e extended without over-burdening 
the tax payers. As previously stated the Leavenworth, Lawrence & Gal- 
veston railroad (now the Santa Fe ) was built to this point in 1871. 
Since that time the D. M. & A., the V. V. L & W. and the L M. & S., (Mis- 
souri Pacific lines) and the M. K. & T., connecting with the main line of 
that road at Parsons, and recently extended to Bartlesville, Indian Ter- 
ritory, have been constructed, thus giving the city transportation lines 
in seven ditterent directions and connecting her with three great railroad 
systems. 



132 HISTORY OK MONTGOMEUY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Natural Resources 

The territory tributary to floffeyville is not surpassed by any part of 
the state in fertility of soil and the variety of crops which may be profit- 
ably grown. The Verdigris river furnishes an abundant supply of pure 
and wholesome water and is fapal)le of supplying water power sufficient 
to ojierate many factories. 

The city and surrounding country is underlaid with immense depos- 
its of shale suitable for the manufacture of brick and tile of superior 
quality. Great ledges of limestone of good quality crop out in many lo- 
calities and some of the neighboring hills furnish inexhaustible quantities 
of a superior quality of building stone and flagging. 

This city is in the very heart of the gas belt and was the first in 
southern Kansas to discover and develop this valuable fuel. On the 20th 
day of March 18!)0, the city council granted to J. McCreary a franchise 
to furnish the city and tlie inhabitants thereof, natural gas for domestic 
and manufacturing purposes, and appropriated a thousand dollars 
toward the expense of making a development test. A drill was at once 
set to work, almost in the center of the town, and at a depth of a little 
more than eiglit hundred f«>et a strong flow of gas was found. Since that 
time more than forty wells have been drilled with not more than half a 
dozen failures, and the supply of gas appears to be inexhaustible, as the 
oldest and most severely taxed wells are still yielding a good flow. 

Since the preparation of this paper was begun oil has been found, 
and while the first well can not be called a '-gusher," it produces oil in 
paying quantities and it is believed that a profitable field has been dis- 
covered on the very edge of the corporate limits. 
Manufactures 

The discovery of natural gas, the rlieai)est and cleanest of all fuels, 
together with the city's unsur|)ass<'d transportation facilities, has in- 
vited the attenticm of mannfart tires in various lines and the place is 
surely and steadily dcvcloipjiig into a manufacturing center of import- 
ance. 

Already the output of milling stufl's is L'.tlOO barrels per day; the 
largest straw board mill and egg-case filler factory west of tlie Mississ- 
ippi i" located here; the city has a plow factory; foundries and machine 
shojis; a window glass iilant ; ice plant; numerous small factories, and a 
brick jdant whose product is known from the Rocky mountains to the 
Gulf of Mexico. Ground has been l)rokeii for a second glass itlant to be- 
gin operation during the year l!t(i:!, and two other brick and tile plants 
are now almost i-eady to begin work. 

A Grain Center 

In the year 1SS4 a few entcriprising citizens, anticipating the inevit- 
able time when the product of the grain fields of Kansas, Iowa and Ne- 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 133 

biaska would seek an outlet through the Gulf ports, organized a Board of 
Trade and established a station for the inspection and weighing of grain 
in transit, and through the local elevators. So successful was this effort 
that in a very short time Coffeyville became the most important grain 
station, except Kansas City, in the state. In 1897 the weighing and in- 
spection of grain became, by legislative enactment, a department of the 
state government, but the business so successfully inaugurated by private 
enterprise has been continued and this station has now become a close 
second to Kansas City. and. with the overcoming of the railroad discrim- 
ination against the Gulf ports, is destined to eclipse that city. Already 
the elevator capacity has been greatly increased and with the demand of 
the milling interests already mentioned, this city has become a grain 
market of no mean importance. 

Municipal Advancement 

Since obtaining a charter as a city of the second class, in 1887, the 
growth of Coffeyville, in population and commercial importance, al- 
though not phenominal. has been sure and steady, and civic pride has 
kept pace with the city's material development. 

In 1895 a municipal water works plant was constructed at a cost of 
$49,000.00. This plant has now been improved and extended until it rep- 
resents an expenditure of about ^8.5,000.00 and is easily worth, on a basis 
of earning capacity, $150,000.00. In 1897 the necessary companion piece 
to a water works plant — a system of sanitary sewers — was constructed at 
a cost of |2i;,000.(t0. This system is soon to be extended so as to cover 
more than double the territory included in the original sewer district. 

Immediately following the installation of the city water works the 
council created a voluntary fire department and equipped it with a lad- 
der- truck and hand-hose reels, which were operated by volunteer firemen 
without other compensation than the voluntary contributions of such cit- 
izens as felt an interest in maintaining the department for the public 
good. Two years later an ordinance was pas.sed authorizing the pay- 
ment of a monthly sum from the general fund of the city for the support 
of the department, and this appropriation was increased from time to 
time until 1902, when the department was re-organized by providing for 
three regularly paid firemen and a volunteer force of six men who are 
paid a fixed sura for each fire attended by them. The department is now 
equipped with a drilled team, hose-wagon and other up-to-date appliances 
owned by the city, and is maintained at a cost of about two hundred dol- 
lars per month. 

In 1898 the local Commercial Club began to agitate the question of 
street lighting and in 1901 an electric light plant was installed. This plant 
was constructed at a cost of |20.000.00 and is owned and operated by the 
city. About f5.(KtO.(l(l have been expended in extending the system for 



134 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

coninieiTial lighting aud with an additional expenditure of approximately 
^2.0(1(1.(10, the plant will lie fully selfsujiporting. so that the streets will 
be well lighted without ciist to the general jiublic. 

Schools and Churches 

^\■hile fostering and encouraging those enterprises which make for 
the material welfare of a community, the people of Coffeyville have not 
been unmindful of the necessity of building up those institutions which 
concern the moral and intellectual well-being of a people. 

The city boasts eleven churches, and a school system of which the 
community is justly proud. In addition to the usual graded schools our 
.system includes a high school in which pupils are e(iuipi>ed for admission 
TO the State University. There are five school buildings, four of which 
arc substantial brick structures, in which twenty-four teachers — and a 
suiiiMinleudcnt over all — are emidoyed. whose combined monthly pay is 
fl.lIOO.OO. The school population is a little less than eighteen hundred, of 
whom fifteen hundred are enrolled on the school registers of the present 
year. It has ever been the jxilicy of our people to enlarge their school 
facilities to keep pace with the increasing population and there is now 
jiendiiig a i)ro])osition to vote an aitproiiriation of |:¥l.(t(lO.(l(l for the con- 
struction of additional buildings. 

Debt and Taxation 

( ort'eyville's municipal debt now amounts to |14(i.444.4.~) and the rate 
of taxation for the present year is .|(5.8S on the hundred dollars. On the 
face of the record this seems to be a very large debt and a ruinous rate of 
taxation, but when we reflect ui)on the manner of assessing taxes in Kan- 
sas, aud remember that $lor),00(».(iO of this debt is for a water and light 
plant, which pay a profit largely in excess of the interest charges, and 
that another f.34,000.00 is for special improvements for which only the 
affected ])roperty is assessed, the financial horoscope is not too terrifying, 
as we are simj)ly in the position of the business man who borrows money 
with which to engage in a jirofitable business. 

Our real rate of taxation is only about $1.85 on the hundred dollars, 
as is evident when it is known that our assessment this year (1903) is 
made on a basis of only 27 ]ier cent, of the acttial value of the property 
assesed. 

Liberty 



The 


village of Liberty 


was 


oiiginallv loc; 


Ited 


on a high bluff over- 


bx.king ;i 


1 l)caiiliful strcti-ii 


of tl 


,e ^■erdigris v:! 


illev 


. two miles north and 


one mile 


west of the jilvsci 


It sit( 


■. In the earl; 


,■ d;l 


ys it was a prominent 


factor in 


the i.oliti<-s of iIk 


1' coUl 


ity. being a foi 


niii( 


lable rival of Indepen- 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 1 35 

dence for county seat houors aud. in fact, the actual seat of government 
for a short period in 18(59-70. 

When the county was organized by proclamation of Gov. James M. 
Harvey, on the third' day of June 1809. Verdigris City, located about five 
miles iiorth of the subsequent site of the town of Liberty, was designated 
as the temporary seat of government; the permanent location of which 
was to be submitted to a vote of the people at the following November 
election. 

Independence, ^'erdig^is City and Montgomery City were the rival 
aspirants but the few settlers in Verdigris and ifontgomery cities, realiz- 
ing that their respective sites were not favorably located for the purpose, 
pooled their issues, founded the town of Liberty and immediately entered 
that beautiful city as a contestant for the honor of being the capital city 
of the county. 

This narrowed the contest down to a fight between Independence, 
located on the west, and Liberty on the east side of the Verdigris river. 
Morgan City was also a candidate but was not considered formidable, 
except in so far as she might divide the vote that would otherwise go to 
Independence. 

In this contest Independence was under the disadvantage of having 
to cross the river to vote, being attached to the voting precinct at Verdi- 
gris City where the friends of her principal rival were in control of the 
election machinery. She. however, made a heroic but futile efl'ort to cap- 
ture the election board, sending two wagon loads of her citizens on an 
early morning drive for that purpose ; but the plot being discovered, they 
arrived too late to obtain more than one place on the board, and that had 
been left open for them "by courtesy.'' 

Because of informality in certifying the returns from the Verdigris 
City precinct the vote of Drum Creek township, in which Independence 
was located, was thrown out and Liberty, with the whole east side ticket, 
declared elected. 

This action of the canvassing board was contested by the friends of 
Indei)endence before the Probate Court of Wilson county, as is clearly 
set forth in the article on the "Bench and Bar"' in this volume. The 
action of the court in declaring the election invalid, left the County Com-' 
missioners first appointed in control of county affairs, and as they were 
in sympathy with east side sentiment, they soon met and ordered the log 
court house, with all the offices and records, removed from Verdigris City 
to Liberty. This, however, did not settle the matter, as the west side con- 
tingent claimed that the action of the board was illegal and that the 
county seat was still at Verdigris City. 

In sui>p(irt ')f this contention they sent an agent to Topeka, who pro- 
cured the appointment of a new Board of Commissioners. On the receipt 
of their commissions the mend>ers of the new board — W. W. Graham, 



136 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Tliuiiias IJrock and S. 1!. Morehouse— repaired to Verdigris City where,. 
silting in tlieir wujion. they orftaiiized. and appointed a new set of county 
()tlirei>. ordered tliat the next term of the District Court be held at Inde- 
pendence and that the various county offices he kept there temporarily. 

The old board and their api)ointees, failing to get an order of court 
requiring the return of the records and offices to Liberty, soon surren- 
dered and matters moved on quietly until the fall election in 1870. when 
the county seat question was again voted on by the people and Indepen- 
dence chosen by a vote of 839, to 5C0 for Liberty. This terminated the 
aspirations of the little city for civic and commercial greatness. 

In 1871 the construction of the L. L. & G. Ry. across the east side of 
the county caused the removal of the village to its present site where, sur- 
rounded by a good agricultural region, its business men have continued 
to enjoy a prosperous country trade, although the place seems to have 
reached its maximum growth. However, the village is within the gas 
belt and is now jjrospecting for oil with a fair probability of finding 
enough of the black fluid to libricate the wheels of progi*ess without limit. 

The population of Liberty is about 300. 

To one of the founders of tliis village — the late Daniel McTaggart — 
we are indebted for the demonstration of the fact that cotton can be suc- 
cessfully grown in t^outhern Kansas. Some years ago quite a colony of 
Negroes from Texas settled in the Verdigris valley between CoffeyvillC' 
and Liberty. Soon after the arrival of these iK'oj.le <"aiit. McTaggart 
conceived the idea of inducing them to try cotton growing, and, as an 
inducement, he furnished the seed and installed a gin at his mill near the- 
original townsite. Quite a considerable acreage was planted, and while- 
the yield was not large the fiber was of good quality and the yield per 
acre large enough to justify the continued production of this important 
staple as a side crop. 

Caney and Elk City 

l;V J. K. CHAHI-ION. 

Caney, the Queen C'ity of Montgomery county, is situated in the 
southwest corner of the county, about one mile from the Indian Territory 
■ line, and about the same distance from the east line of Chautauqua 
counly. It is built upon a sandy knoll,, skirted on the north by the beau- 
tiful stream. Cheyenne creek, with its l^eautifnl farms, on the west by the 
broad and rich viiiley of the Caney river, and <m the south by the classic 
and iimi>id str<-am known as "Mud creek." while ujKm the east lies the 
broad, rolling and i.rodu<tive prairie lands. N(. prettier site can be found 
in all the county for a city, overlooking, as it does, for miles, the sur- 
rounding country. 

Looking to the south and the southeast one beholds the beautiful 
mounds, and undulating ].rairics. and liie fringes of timber along the 



HISTOay OF MONTGOMEEY COUNTY, KANSAS. 137 

sli-eaius. where are to 1)6 found the farms and the happy homes of the 
■Cherokee and the Dehiware Indians, who have accepted the fruits of the 
onward march of civilization, and, with their schools and churches, living 
in their neat little residences upcm their well kept farms, are a happy 
and contented i)eople. Looking oft" to the south-west, as far as the eye 
can reach, are to Ik? seen the hills and rolling lands, where roam vast 
herds of cattle of the Osage Indian Reservation. The Osage, unlike his 
Cherokee and Delaware brethren, has persistently refused to become civil- 
ized to any great extent. He disdains '"store clothes," and clings to the 
blanket and breech clout of his fathers. Perhaps he can be said to be 
civilized, only in one particular, and that is, that he gets drunk just like 
a civilized white man. 

Late in the fall of 1869, the first white settlers settled upon what ia 
now the townsite of C'aney. Among them were Jasper N. West and fam- 
ily, J. H. Smith and family. Herryman Smith, a single man. and -rncle 
John" Hodges and family. Of those earliest settlers "Uncle John" 
Hodges, alone, is with us. He has been a continuous resident of Caney 
from that time to the present. Jasper X. West was Caney's first post- 
master. During the winter of 1869 Dr. J. W. Bell and family came to 
Caney and he was the first tradesman, conducting a small store in which 
was kept for sale, (in a small box house made of native lumber, which 
was i>roliably hauled here from some point east,) a little sugar, coffee, 
meat. Hour, and, as we were informed by one who was there, a goodly 
supply of clothes pins. This structure was erected near what is now the 
crossing of State street and Fourth avenue, at the public well, from 
which particular point nearly all the earlier transfers of title to real 
propfity had their starting. 

In the early part of the summer of 1870, O. M. Smith engaged in the 
mercantile business. "O. M.." as he was familiarly called, was then a 
single man. He had a small stock of general merchandise, and he cooked, 
ate and slept in the store building. Jasper N. West built the first log 
house and it was located on what is now Block 61. and was the first and 
only place for the weary to take rest, and have their hunger satisfied and 
thirst quenched. Old "Uncle Robert" Hammill, in the early spring of 
1870, came in with his two sons, with four yoke of Texas cattle, and lo- 
cated on the farm now owned by Thomas Steel, and about the same time 
"Uncle John" Badgley located the place now owned by J. A. Fleener. 
Jasper N. Smith commenced, and probably completed, in the early part 
■of 1870, a frame building for a hotel, on the site now occupied by the Reed 
residence, in Block 54, moving from his log house to the same. 

Bill Coi>en was Caney's first blacksmith. Dr. A. M. Taylor, who came 
in November 1870, was Caney's first physician, and the doctor is still 
with us. James G. Woodruff came in during the early summer of 1870. 
Jasper N. West. J. H. Smith. Berryman Smith and James G. Woodruff 



138 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

took the four claims eornerinjr at a ]Kiint where the public well, spoken 
(if alxivt', was located and c-onceivcd the idea of locating and platting a 
lowii. Oil .May 11 til. INTO. ('a]ii. .1. V.. Stone dropped in among them, and 
the foiif claiiii holdcis. aliove named, with Stone and O. M. Smith, caused 
to he surveyed and jilatted what is a jiortion of the jiresent city of Caney. 
'•Uncle John" Hodges took the claim and made some improvements there- 
on, now owned by S. K. Jack. Levi (ilatfelder located and improved the 
fai'ni. logether with other lands, upon which ]Mrs. (Tladfelder now resides, 
two miles east of t'aney. After the survey and platting of Coi^ey quite a 
niind)(M of houses were erected and a mail route was established from 
what was then the village of Parker to Caney and then to St. Paul on 
ihc west side of Caney river. From that time on there was a steady 
SI tea 111 of immigrants into Caney and the township. The latter was 
rapidly settled up by a thrifty, liaiil-working. and industrious class of 
peojile. and bnsines men of all classes began to locate in the village. 

From that time on Caney became known as a first class trading point. 
Being a bonier town, its laisiness men did a good business with the In- 
dians and the whites residing in the Territ<iry' 

In July ISS."), Cleveland J. Keynolds started the first paper in Caney, 
the Caney Chronicle, which has been issued continuously since, and 
entered ui)on its eighteenth year. It has been published " for the IrM 
seven years by H. E. Brighton, is a bright, newsy paper, and has ever 
st<i'id u]) loyally for Caney and her best interests. 

Ill lS8(i a ])roposition was submitted to the citizens of Caney town- 
ship to vote bonds in the sum of 122,000.00 to aid in the construction of 
the 1». M. & A. R. R. The bonds were voted, the road was built, and thus 
Caney was jilaced in closer touch with the outside world. The "freighter"' 
who, with his mule teams, hauled goods from Independence and Coffey- 
ville, went away back and engaged in some other business, while the ar- 
ticles of merchandise and the jiroducts of the farm, from that time on, 
were carried by his fleeter-footed conijietitor, the steam engine and its 
train of cars. The building of a railroad into Caney really marked the 
beginning of its business career 

The town continued to grow until on the 5th day of July 1887, it was 
incorporated as a city of the third class. Its first city election was held, 
under its charter, on the ISth day of July 1887, in what is now the old 
school building. The judges of the election were; l»r. A. M. Taylor, Folin 
Todd and P. C. Dosh ; Clerks, J. J. Stone and J. P. Stradley. 

The first officers of Caney, elected on the above date were : flavor, 
P. S. Ilollingsworth; Councilmen, Wm. Rogers, Harry Wiltse, J. J. 
lleiiii.liill, J. A. Summer and W. P.. McWilliams; Police Judge, F. H. 
Hooker. F. H. Dye was appointed and served as the first city clerk. 

In Ihe year 1801, Cleveland J. Reynolds, who was then the owner and 
jiulilisher of the Caney Times, a weekly newsj)aper which he had founded 



HISTORY OI- MONTGOMEUV COUNTY, KANSAS. 139 

some time ln'foi-e, (■onceived antl put into execution a plan for connecting 
all tilt' tAwns of Montj-oiiiery county jjy telephone. Being a man of in- 
domitable will ami untiring energy, he at once organized The Caney Tele- 
phone Company, and, within a few months thereafter, the "hello" girl 
was at her i)ost of duty in every town in the county. The completion of 
this telephone line marked a new era in the history of Caney, as well as 
that of the entire county, as it was the first telephone line ever built in 
the coutv. 

In 1892, Col. S. M. Porter, of Caney, J. A. Bartles, of Bartlesville, 
I. T., and others, organized and chartered the Kansas, Oklahoma Central 
& Southwestern Railway Company for the purpose of building a line of 
road from Caney, south, through Oklahoma and on southwest into Texas ; 
and a franchise for the building of said road was granted by Congress on 
December 21st, 1893. The construction of said road was begun in 1898 
and in the spring of 1899 the old company sold out to the A T. & S. F. 
Ry. Co.. and the road was completed from Caney to Owassa, I. T., a dis- 
tance of about sixty miles, thus giving Caney two seperate and competing 
lines of road. To Col. Porter is due, in a large measure, the credit for the 
building of the Santa Fe, for he worked without faltering for about eight 
years on the project before it finally succeeded, making one trip to 
Europe, and countless trips to Washington, New York and Chicago. 

But Caney, like other cities in Montgomery county, owes its greatest 
prosperity and growth to the finding of natural gas in the earth beneath 
it. In the year 1900 the Caney (ias Company, composed entirely of Caney 
men, was organized and began iiros]iecting for gas and oil After putting 
down .several dry holes, they succeeded, in the fall of lilOl, in striking a 
very strong flow of gas about two miles northeast of town, and in a short 
time thereafter they secured another well which has proved to be the 
strongest well in the Kansas field, having a rock pressure of GOO pounds 
and producing 16,000,000 cubic feet of gas every twenty-four hours. They 
also have a very good oil well in the same field. There are now six diffei'- 
ent gas and oil companies operating in the Caney field, and the prospects 
are very flattering. 

In 1902 the members of the Caney Gas Company organized the Caney 
Brick Company and put in one of the largest and best vitrified brick 
plants in the country, with a capacity of 100,000 brick per day. They are 
turning out a first-class brick and have shipped as high as sixty cars of 
brick in one month, besides supplying the home demand. They carry a 
pay roll of sixty-five men. 

The Cherryvale. Oklahoma & Texas Railway Company was chartered 
on July 22ud. 1902, with Col. S. M. Porter, of Caney, as president, for the 
purpose of constructing a line of railroad from Cherryvale, in Montgom- 
ery county, through Caney. to ElPaso. Texas, a distance of 900 miles. We 
are assured that this road will be built in the near future and will be of 



j^O UISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

great benefit to Caney and Montgomery county, as it will give us another 
system and competing line, probably the "Katy" or "Frisco." 
■ Our high pressure and unfailing supply of gas is attracting the at- 
tention of various manufacturing enterprises. 

Caney is a good place to live. Those who are religiously inclined will 
find four churches, all having good buildings, and resident pastors. They 
are the Methodists. Presbyterians, Baptists and Christians. 

Our public schools are first -lass. At present we have two school 
buildings, and employ nine teachers, but the growing population will soon 
renuire'^larger an<l belter luiiMiuiis and more teachers. 

Caney has six phvsi.iaiis miively engaged in the practice, and many 
of them riuik among the hesi iihysicians in the county. It also has a San- 
itarium, run by Dr. T. A. Stevens, to which patients come for treatment 
from the Territory and all the surrounding counties 

We also have six lawyers who, by hard work, are able to look after 
the interests of their clients and keep the community quiet a good part 
of the time. 

Capt. J. E. Stone, one of the first settlers, and who assisted in lay- 
ing out the original town site, was elected sherifl:' of Montgomery county 
in 1872, and served his county in that capacity faithfully and with credit 
to himself, and is now Caney's efficient po.stmaster. having been appoint- 
ed by President McKinley. 

E. P.. Skinner, one of Caney's enterprising business men, is just serv- 
ing the last year of two terms as county treasurer, and Dr. J. A. Rader, 
one of our leading physicians, is serving his third term as coroner. 

J. R, Charlton, one of our attorneys, was elected county attorney of 
^fontgomery county in 1890 and served one term, refusing a re-nomi- 
nation. 

.1. II. Dana, who resided in Caney until the year 1900 was, in that 
year, elected county attorney, and moved to Independence. 

Others of our prominent citizens have been exposed to the dread dis- 
ease called "ofiSce" but have never caught it. 

Caney has grown from the little hamlet of a few years ago to become 
one of the best towns in Southern Kansas, having a population of but a 
little less than 2.000, and we confidently expect to see double that num- 
ber of peo]de here in the next two years. It will make a good town, first: 
V)ecause of its natural advantages in location; second, because it has cit- 
izens who are public spirited, enterprising and pushing, who do not only 
have money, but have faith in the future of the city, and therefore do not 
hesitate to invest their money in public enterprises. 

In concluding this brief sketch let me say that as a resident of Kan- 
sas fdi' more than twenty-five years, I believe it to be the best state in the 
rriion ; that Montgomery county is the coming banner county of the state, 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 14 1 

and thiit ('iuicy — well, language fails nie, and I can only add (hat "the 
half has never been told.'' 

Elk City 

Elk City, one of the prettiest little cities in Sontheastern Kansas, is 
silnated at the mouth of Duck Creek, where it eniplies into Elk river, and 
is about three miles from the west line, and six miles from the north line 
of Louisburg township, the northwest township of Montgomery county. 

The first settlement of Louisburg township was made during the 
summer and fall of 1868, and during the following winter and spring sev- 
eral towns were started near Elk river at the mouth of Duck Creek. 

Tipton, about one and one-half miles east of Elk river, was probably 
the fii'st town stai'ted in the township, and was located on the claim 
owned by James E. Kelley. No living water having been found on this 
town site, it was soon abandoned, and the buildings moved west about 
three-quarters of a mile to a new town site called Louisbui'g, on the claim 
of either Ben. I'itman or grandfather James V. Kelly, but sfter a number 
of the little box houses had been located on the new town site, the same 
difiSculty was encountered as at Tipton — no living water could be found — 
and the third town was founded on Duck Creek, about one and one-half 
miles from its mouth, called Bloomtield, better known as Fish Trap. It 
was located in the fall of 18()9. 

In the meantime two brothers, John and Samuel Kopple, who had 
taken the claims at the movith of Duck Creek, on Elk River, organized a 
town company and laid out the town of Elk City, and immediately ap- 
plied for and obtained a charter for their company, and for more than a 
year a bitter rivalry existed between the towns of Elk City and Bloom- 
field. A saw mill had been in operation for several months at Bloomtield or 
Fish Trap, owned by a man by the name of Seevers. Other enterprising 
citizens settled in the town, which continued to flourish until the spring 
of 1871. 

In December of 1870, M> D. Wright, who is now one of the oldest and 
most respected citizens of Elk City, was postmaster for a number of 
years and has been connected with nearly all of the city's enterprises, 
drove into the thriving city of Bloorefield, or Fish Trap, in his proverbial 
prairie schooner, and, he informs the writer, that he found Jack Brock 
putting the finishing touches on a two-story store building, built exclu- 
sively of native lumber. Mr. Brock was laying the floor, first nailing thin 
narrow strips on the joists, then laying the boards so that the cracks in 
the floor came immediately over the center of the strips, so that when the 
green Hackberry boards had shrunk to their normal condition, as Jack 
expressed it, children and dogs would not fall through the cracks. An 
assortment of braces and wedges were required to bring the warped and 
crooked boards into a horizontal position. But the struggles of Fish Trap 



142 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 

for supveiiuuy wci-e miavailing. She was not to be a fbilil of destiny 
and conti-ol the coninierce of Duck f'reek. 

The natnral advantages possessed by Elk City, the buildinj;; of a saw 
mill that could mutilate more lo^s into bad lumber than its rival at 
Bloomfield. the advent of two blacksmith shops, several general stores, 
and saloons. esi)eciany the saloons, together with several other enter- 
prises, proved too nmch for Bloomfield. and they capitulated in the fall of 
1871. and their citizens were given lots in Elk City, upon which they 
moved their houses, including the Jack Brock store building, and the 
contention between the two towns ended in their uniting and all the 
people coming whei'e they could get plenty of water, which Elk ('ity had. 

In the spring of 1871 Louisburg township wes sectionized. and the 
supposed lines of many claims, it was found, did not conform to the gov- 
ernment survey, and thus originated much litigation and many deadly 
feuds. The rich and extensive farming lands embraced in the broad bot- 
toms of Elk river. Duck creek and Salt creek, were eagerly sought for 
and jealously guarded against all comers. 

On April 1st. 1871. a village municipal government was organized for 
the government of Elk City, with J. P. Morgan, who now resides at 
Bartlesville, I. T.. as chairman and U. R. Dannettell. as clerk. The 
names of the other trustees are not found upon the records 

As evidence that there was nothing small about the early Fathers of 
the City, we find Ordinance Xo. .'. relating to the duties and obligations 
of the town treasurer, to read as follows, to-wit : "within ten days of 
his ai)i>ointment to office the treasurer shall enter to bond to the State of 
Kansas, for the use of the town, with two or more sureties to be approved 
by the clerk, in the sum of Three Thousand r)ollars for the faithful jier- 
formance of his duties, etc." 

Xo <-opy of the bond or the name of the first treasurer fir ofhisbonds- 
men ajjjiear on the records, but from the financial condition of the citi- 
zens as judged from the recollection of the oldest inhabitants, it would 
have required a majority of them to have qualified to that amount at tlrtt 
time. 

As an evidence that the deliberations of these ancient Solons were 
not always harmonious, we note the discussion over the claim of Frank 
;M\>rgan and Buck Brookins for destroying a dead mule, amount of bill 
.|3.00. which was finally allowed and paid. 

William Osborne holds the honor of being llie first justice of (he 
peace, and Squire Burdick was his successor The Squire had a penchant 
for horse trading, but like nearly all the other settlers of Elk City, al 
that time, his i>roi»erty or his horses did not rejiresent much wealth, so he 
ran but little risk of losing in a trade It is related of the Squire, that one 
day he was holding court in a room fronting the, then, open prairie, when 
a woman came into the room and inquired for Sipiire Burdick. The 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 1 43 

Squire, who was seated near a window in the temple of justice, was point- 
ed out to her. Slie at once, without regard to the fact that court was in 
session, assailed the Squire, in a voice pitched upon a very high key, and 
demanded the return of a horse, which she claimed belonged to her, and 
which her minor son had traded to the Squire for a horse whose lease of 
life expired a few hours after reaching her home The Squire listened 
quietly until her tirade of abuse ended, and then invited her over to the 
window, pointed out to where tlie nose and two legs of a dead horse pro- 
truded above the prairie grass and said: "There is your horse, madam, 
if you want him go and get him, and lake him home with you." The wo- 
man, hastily vacated the room, with a puzzled expression of countenance, 
as though she was trying to solve the problem as to which party did the 
cheating in the trade. 

Whig Southard was the first postmaster at Elk City. A. C. Clark was 
his successor, M. P. Wright succeeded Clark and held the oflBce from 1872 
until Cleveland's election in 1884, when he was succeeded in 1885, by 
Win. Daugherty, who, in turn, was followed by J. P. Swatzell and Wm. 
Wortman, the latter being the present incumbent. 

Elk City, in common with all Kansas towns, was ambitious to become 
metropolitan and her citizens began to importune the different railroad 
companies, pointing in this direction, to extend their road to the town. 

After much solicitation by some of the citizens they succeeded in 
getting a proposition from General Xettleton and Col. Valiet, of Cin- 
cinnati. Ohio, and the owners of the stub railroad from Cherryvale to In- 
dependence by which they pledged themselves individually, together with 
the earnings of the above railroad, to extend that road to Elk City making 
a terminus there, in consideration of which they asked Louisburg town- 
ship to subscribe to the capital stock of the company in the sum of twen- 
ty-two thousand dollars. This was during the. year 1876. Here was the 
o])portunity for Elk City to place herself in the front ranks of all the 
towns in the country, and the promoters felt that they had accomplished 
something that would benefit the citizens of Elk City and Louisburg 
township, that would meet with the hearty co-operation of the citizens 
generally, as it would have made Elk City the nearest railroad point for 
all the country west of it for one hundred miles. Independence was awake 
to the danger that threatened her commercial interests, and united in n 
desperate effort to defeat the bonds at the election called to vote on the 
proposition. Of course Independence was justified in any legitimate ef- 
fort to hold the road at their town, but where so much was at stake it was 
hardly to be expected that the advantage which money and influence gave 
them over Elk City would not be jiushed to the limit; but if some of the 
■citizens of Elk City, who had labored to bring about the proposition felt 
a little hard toward the citizens of Lndependence. what was their sur- 
prise and disgust to find some of their own prominent citizens arrayed 



144 IlIsroRY OK IMONTUOJiIUKY COUNTY. KANSAS. 

against tlic IkhkIs, and inanj;ui-ating a fight against them that ended in 
their <h'feat b.v a niajoiity of two votes. What the township lost iu tax- 
able iiro](erty and the advantage of a railroad terminating in the town- 
ship will never be known. Elk (Mty e.xperienred in this defeat the hardest 
blow it ever sustained. Several ])roniinent business men left the town, 
man.y houses were hauled off into the eouutry for dwellings and barns, 
and its population decreased one-fourth. 

Three years thereafter, in 1879, after the A. T. & S. F. had acquired 
the old L. L. & G. K. R. and its branches, that company sent Mayor (Sunn, 
of Indei.endence. to Elk City, and in behalf of the A. T. & S. F. R. R.. pro- 
posed that if Louisburg township would vote bonds in aid of that road 
they would extend from Inde])en(lence west through Elk City. While this 
proposition offered far less advantages than the first one, in that it simply 
made a way station in the townshiji. giving it local advantages, whereas, 
the terminus for three years would iiave given it the trade of three coun- 
ties, to the west of it. but Uttle opposition was oft'ei-ed and the bonds car- 
ried by a large majority. .Vll of which proves the wisdom of the old chest 
nut. "that white man is mighty uncertain." 

The advent of a railroad instilled new life into the town which grad 
ually increased in wealth and importance though but little iu population 
for several years. In the mean time the very rich and productive soil 
around I'lk (Mty. which produced large and successive crops of wheat, 
corn and other irojis. enabled the farmers in the township to surround 
themsehes with all the comforts and luxuries tluit wealth can purchase. 
Their (laughters were garbed in the latest styles and their sous roln^d in 
tailor made suits and laundered shirts. They came to town in their ton- 
buggies and carriages and ])urchased of the merchants all that heart 
could desire, and thus dawned an era of i)n.s|M'rity for the City at the 
mouth of Duck Creek. 

During the winter ot 1!KU-2 a conijiany was organized in VAk City 
and capitalized at |10.(t(l(l for the inirjiose of jinisiwcting for gas and oil. 
After several failures the company was finally successful iu striking 
several fine gas wells, and also good oil producing wells. 

Several companies are now in I lie tidd and in the course of a few 
months this will undoubtedly jirove to lie the ]ieer of other remarkable 
gas fields of Montgomery ('ounty. 

There is a bright future for Elk City and Louisburg Township. Tlii> 
price of land of every description is advancing rajiidly. Buildings of |i(M' 
manent character are taking the jjlace of old frame store rooms in tiie 
town, which is growing rapidly. The City is heated and lighted with 
natural gas. Nearly all the streets are lighted with the same nmterial. 
It has a sj)len(lid telephone system, and all these conveniences make 
it a good place to live. It lias tive good church buildings and strong 
church organizations, while its schools are the best in the County. 



HISTUKY Ol- .M()NT(;OMKRY COrXTV, KANSAS. 145 

Elk City has no system of water works as yet, btit its close proxiiii- 
Ity to abundance of water and the ease with which it can be introduced 
"into the town, insures at no distant date, this additional luxury, to this 
otherwise greatly favored little City. 

The iTiiniense amount of wheat and corn, cattle and hogs being ship- 
]ied from this place over its two railroads, the A. T. & t^. F. and the Mis- 
souri Tacific. and the fine store rooms and increasing mercantile busi- 
ness are evidences of the prosperity of the town and its surrounding 
country. 

It has at this time a population of about 800 people, but we predict 
that no distant date will see not less than 2000 happy, contented and 
prosperous citizens of Montgomery County making their home in Elk 
<Mty and enjoying its natural and acquired advantages, and each doing 
their part in making Montgomery County the best County., in the best 
s^tate, in the grandest Republic on the face of the earth. 

Chcfryvale 

BY JOSIE n. CAKI.. 

Cherryvale is situated in the North-eastern part of the County, on 
section 9. township 32, range 17. 

It has had three distinct periods of growth, viz: early beginnings, 
the coming of the railroads and the discovery of gas and oil. 
Early Beginnings 

The first white settler within the corporate limits, of whom I have 
any account, was Mr. Ab Eaton who, with a married brother, emigrated 
from Hickory Grove, 111., to this place. The brother having died, his 
widow sold her claim to Thomas Whelan. This claim is now incorpor- 
ated i'.s the Whelan addition. In 1869 Joseph Wise and Bill Paxson 
camped on Drum Creek, and soon afterward bought Eaton's title to his 
claim for .f2o0. In May 1871, Mr. Wise sold his rights to the L. L. & G. 
R. R. Company for a good round price which I believe he never got. as 
the Company soon changed, and the Supreme Court decided against the 
R. R.'j; ownership of the Osage Ceded Lands. The story of the early set- 
tlers' com est for titles to their homes has doubtles-5 been told in other 
parts of this work, and will not be dwelt upon further here. 

On the 3rd day of May, 1871, the first sod of the L. L. & G. R. R. was 
broken on the T. Whelan claim. This point became the terminus of the 
road for some time, and headquarters for supplies. The R. R. company 
laid off a townsite. The location was a happy one; the neai-est towns 
ten and twenty miles distant, a broad valley of wonderful fertility 
stretchiiio miles to the north and south, a gentle sloping ridge, giving al- 
most ]ierfect drainage aud the whole area of country, which would, in 
Tfime. be tributary, rapidly filling up with settlers. 

The following seems to be about the order in which the first business 



1^6 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

films wei-i" established: The first house erected was the Union Hotel, 
])r..iiriet<.r. Ceneral Ikur. The first store was kept by J. R. Baldwin and 
('. A. Cldtfelter. followed bv Seth Taxson and N. B. Thorpe. 

(). F. Carson located here in 1871. and for three years, kept the only 
driiii store in the ])lace. Later he entered into a partnership with J. R. 
Baldwin in the iniideniciii and hardware trade. — Two of the additions of 
the .■ii\ i'.re known by their naiiu's.— O. C. Kincaid came in 1874, and has 
been in the mercantile business here ever since. He and O. F. Carson 
erected the first brick block at the corner of Main and Depot streets. 
Charles Booth moved to town in 1871. and enjiajjed in the livery and 
feed trade. In 1878. he formed a iiartnershij) with ('. A. Clotfelter and 
for many years they kept the only livery barn in the town. E. B. Clark 
came to" Montgomery conn.ty in 1800. His land adjoining the town site 
is now known as Clark's addition. He kejit the first store of general mer- 
chandise near one of the mounds, where the earliest settlers traded. R. 
F. Richart came in 1878, and engaged in the drug business. He soon took 
E. S. Madtonald into partnershij). In 1881.', Mr. MacDonald sold his in- 
tcivsi to .1. ('. Hockett. John M. Courtney come to Southern Kansas in 
IStiC. lie moved to Cherryvale so(tn after the town site was laid ott'. 
The fii-st lawyers were Hastings and Hinkle. Among the physicians of 
this ]>eriod may be mentioned J>rs. Hyde. Lykins, ("ami)bell, Adams and 
Bradbury. I>r. O. H. P. Fall located' here in November 1877. The first 
celebration was held July 4. 1872. near Main and Depot streets; canvas 
and arbors ])rovided shade. Dr. Hyde was one of the speakers. The 
growth of the town for several years was slow. The i)opulation in 187U. 
was only ^.'O. 

The Coming of the Railroads 
In 1870 the second period of prosperity began. The Frisco R. R. 
was l)uilt. crossing the Santa Fe at this point. The Memphis R. R. Com- 
jiany extended its road from Parsons here. The Santa Fe was extended 
westward, and its branch south to Cott'eyville operated. This railroad 
activity gave a great impetus to business and building. The town gi'ew 
rapidly until 1888. when a reaction having set in from the general depres- 
sion of business and the bursting of real estate booms over the west, the 
population fell from 4(t(!(l to I'.'dO. Hfowever, some of our solid business 
men who are here yet, and have ever been alert to the best interests of the 
town; came during this period. C. A. ^Mitchell and C. C. Thompson 
came in 1880; Kevilo Newton and J. H. Butler in 1882; A. G. McCormick. 
Fred Lealherock and the Dicus Brothers. The ^^■. W. Brown brick block 
was built in 18S7. The physicians were. Drs. Taylor, ^^■arren, Hopkins. 
Hutchison, Kesler, Sloan, Card and Cormack. A. L. ^^'ilson. a native 
son of the state, came in 1881. l]v was admitted to the l)ar Septemlier 



HISTORY OF MONTCJOMEEY COrNTY. KANSAS. 147 

Im'cii :it Kansas City. .\ siijiar faitorv and creamei'v were liuilt (hiring 
lliis iuMJod and operaled snccessfnlly for a time. 
Discovery of Gas and Oil 

In 1889 bonds to the ainonnt of $50(t() were voted to be used in pros- 
pecting for coal. At tlie depth of OOO feet, gas was found instead of coal. 
This is said to have been the first gasser of importance struck in Kansas. 
Further developments only increased the richness of the tind. Later, oil 
■was discovered, and the capitalist and manufacturer have been on the 
ground ever since and thus the corner stone of "Greater Cherryvale" was 
laid. 

The Edgar Zinc Company 

In 1898, S. C. Edgar built his famous zinc smelters, at an original 
<ost of 1350.000. Of all the enterprises which have contributed to the 
town's prosperity, none had approached this. ''Smelter Town" with its 
up to date cottages, broad streets and lawns, is a village .in itself. 
Brick Plants and Factories 

For many years the mounds in the vicinity, while adding to the 
picturesqueness of the scenery, were not supposed to enhance the value of 
the farms around them, unless as windbreaks against the occasional 
cyclone that skipped across their path; but about the time that oil and 
-gas were discovered, the knowledge came that the best brick in the world 
could be made from the shale of these mounds. In 1897, F. G. Lotterer 
erected a Krick Plant on Corbin's mound. It is now owned by the Cof- 
feyville Yirtified Brick and Tile Company. Corbin City, a suburb of 
Cherryvale, is built on Corbin's mound and is a result of this company's 
success. Six brick companies are operating in this field. Other factories 
are : The Iron Works, consisting of Foundry, Machine and I'attern mak- 
ing de])artmeuts, representing an investment of foO.OOO. The Glass Com- 
pany. Engine Co., Barrel Factory, Bicycle and Machine Shops, Plaining 
:Milis. Tannehill Manufacturing Co., Marble Works and two Elevators. 
The first mill was built by Mr. Dodd in 1873. Mr. A. Busch afterward 
become its owner. It iinaily came into the hands of C. A. Black who im- 
proved it. In 1902 the Saner-Stephens Milling Company ijurchased it 
of :Mr Black. They have rebuilt the mill and have put in the latest mod- 
ern milling machinery with a capacity of 100 barrels per day. In 1881, 
the Dobson's came from Minonk. 111., and built a large stone mill on 
^lain street. It was burned in 1900 and never rebuilt. 
Banks 

There are two banks. The Peoples' Bank is an outgrowth of the old 
Exchange Bank founded by C. T. Ewiug in 1880. Its present officers are, 
C. O. Wright, President, B. F. Jloore. Vice-President, and C A. Mitchell, 
Casliier. The ,^Ionts;omerv County National Bank was founded in 1882. 



I4S HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

The i-rcsent officers are. <'. (\ Kiiuaid, President. John Courtney, Vice- 
I'resi(ient. Revilo Newton. Casliier. 

Schools 

Tlie lirst school house was built in 1872. The lirst school was taught 
by Miss Marv Greenfield, the summer of 1873. In the fall of 1882 a two- 
story brick structm-e was erected. G. B. Leslie was the principal, assist- 
ed bv four teachers. Now there are two large brick school houses. The 
East-side buiUli'^s? has 9 rooms and the West-side rooms. In 1902 
117.000 bonds were voted to build two ward school houses. These are 
under construe! ion and will be ready for occupancy in September, 190-3. 
Number of pupils enrolled, 1902, about 1,000. The course of study runs 
through eleven grades. Graduates from the High School are entitled to 
enter the State I'niversity and high institutions of learning in the state 
without examination. The following superintendents have had charge of 
the schools since Mr. Leslie's time: Mosier. Crane, Dana, Harris, Taylor, 
Kichnrdson, Myers, Herod, Moore and Lovett. The first High School 
graduates of the class of '83 were Minnie Newton, Janie Fall, Mertie 
Shannon and Rose Blair, 

Churches 

The Methodist Ejjiscooal Church was organized in 1871. The first 
services wei'e held in the school house. Rev. Mott'at was the first pastor. 
In 1880 a brick church was commenced under the pastorate of Wm. 
Sliambaugh and com])leted under that of James Muray. It was improved 
and enlarged during Robert MacLean's time. A commodious parsonage 
adjoins the church." Membership in 1903. 000. Pastors have been Rever- 
ends Mottat. Lampman, Sliambaugh, Murray, Durboraw, Pattee, Hark- 
nes, (,'reager. Rice. MacLean, Bailey, Roberts, Ross. 

The Presbyterian Church was oi"ganized December 11. 1881. Meet- 
ings were first held in the opera house, until 1883, when a church was 
built. This has been improved from time to time. In 1901 a commodious 
man.se was built on the church lots. The first pastor was Rev. W. B. 
Truax Subsequent pastors have been Revs. S. W. Griffin, Phileo and 
A. E. Vanorden. Original membership, 26; present membership, 250. 

7he Baptist Society was established by Rev. J. R. Baldwin May 18. 
1883; original membership, 8. The first services were held in the school 
liouse and ojiera house. A frame church was built in 1884. This was de- 
stroyed liy lightning in 1900. It was replaced by a splendid brick 
stnicttire in 19(11. The ]iresent jiastor is Rev. Eaton. Other pastors have 
been. I{c\s. .1. 1!. Ilaldwin, i-^sscx. Tonlter, and King. Present member- 
ship. ."OO. 

The Christian Church was organized in the spring of 1884. First 
pastor, Benjamin Smith. A church was built in 1880, burned December 
14, 1888— rebuilt 1892. Subsecjuent pastors have been J M. Ferrel, T. W. 



HISTORY OF MONTciOMERY COrNTY. KANSAS. 149 

Cottinghaiu. William Flowor. C. C. Atwood. E. F. Taylor, D. D. Boyle, 
J. K. Charlton. ('. (". Deweese. (ieorge Willis. Pre.sent pastor, C. Shive. 
Present nienibersliij), 200. 

The Catholic Society was organized in 1875. Mass was said at the 
house of John Coyle until 1877, when the first church was erected by Rev. 
Ponziglioni. In 1000 the ground was broken for a new edifice which was 
finished in 1901 at a cost of .fl 2,000. The building is 42 feet wide by 100 
feet long and 24 feet high. The tower is 110 feet high, surmounted by a 
large golden cross. The church is called St. Francis Xaviers Church. 
The first pastor was Father Scholls of Independence. The present pastor 
is Kev John Sullivan. 

Telephone 

In 1900 a telephone was put in operation, connecting many of the 
business and dwelling houses and affording telephonic communication 
with all the surrounding cities. 

Water-Works 

The city was first supplied with water from Lake Tanko. a large arti- 
ficial lake south of the city, by the Cherryvale Water and Manufacturing 
Co. The bonds were sold to New York capitalists in 1885. A new com- 
pany was organized, called the Cherryvale Water Co., Mr. MacMurray of 
New York City, President, John Courtney, Superintendent. Since June 
15, 1903, the city has had control of the system and important improve- 
ments are contemplated. 

Park and Auditc rium 

Logan Park was originally the gift of Geo. R. Peck, soon after the 
town site was laid oft^^. T.he gratitude of the citizens for this beneficient 
gift increases with the years, and they have taken great pride in beauti- 
fying it. It is well supplied with seats, lighted by its own gas and well 
shaded with old trees carefully trained. In 1902 the city erected an aud- 
itorium in the park. It has a seating capacity of 1,200. The district 
Grand Army encampment is held annually in August, in this Park. 
Lodges and Associations 

Cherryvale Lodge No. 137 A. F. & A. M. was instituted Oct. 16, 1873, 
with thirteen charter members. O. F. Carson. W. M.; M. L. Crowl, S. W.; 
William Hummel, Junior Warden. 

Cherryvale Lodge No. 142 I. O. O. F. was organized Oct. 10, 1877, 
with five charter members. This Lodge owns an elegant hall on Neosho 
street. 

The A. O. I'. W. was instituted in February 1882. 

The Lodge directory of the city includes sixteen lodges. Hackleman 
Post is strongly organized in a fine hall and the W. R. C. owns a beauti- 
ful building in Logan Park. For several years a Library Association 
maintained a reading room and acquired a fair library, but it is now dis- 



150 HISTORY 01- MONTGOMEKY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

organized. .\t pri'si'ut tlieie is a imblic reading I'ooiii in connection with 
the Hajitist ("hinrh. where the best periodicals are found upon the tables. 
The i:astoin Star ladies have organized themselves into a Reading Olub 
which lias proved to be of interest and benefit. There is an organization 
of the ("hautau(jua Literary and Scientfic Circle. The first officers were 
Mrs. Dr. Seacat. Etta Hughbanks. Josie Carl and Martha Withani. 

Fairview Cemetery 

I*. ('. P.owcn first set off 10 aires of his farm northeast of town for a 
cemetery. Five years later fifteen of the citizens formed a Cemetery As- 
sociation and bought this land with the expectation that the city would 
in time take it off its hands. Nothing was done in the way of improve- 
ment until about six years ago, when Mrs. Ada Newton rallied ten or 
twelve of the ladies around Tier in a Ladies' Cemetery Association for the 
sole purpose of improving and beautifying the cemetery. The result has 
been marvelous. Over $1,000 in funds raised. 300 elm trees planted, 
streets graded 10 feet wide, alleys i feet wide, culverts built, tiling laid, 
the land thoroughly drained, a sexton's house and cistern built, and a 
sexton hired by the year to care for the grounds. Fairview Cemetery 
will alwavs be a monument to Mrs. Newton's broad spirit and executive 
-ability. 

Fires 

In 1873 the main business i)art of town was destroyed by fire. In 
187!J the stone business house of Jasper (Jordon was burned and 
three young men sleeping in a rear room lost their lives. In 1885 all the 
buildings on the north side of Neosho and Depot streets were destroyed 
by fire including Clotfelter & Booth's livery barn, with 32 horses and 
G. B. Shaw's lumber yard. About 1801 the Frisco depot was struck by 
lightning and burned. About 1001 the Opera House Block was wiped out 
by fire. 

Hotels 

The earliest hotels were the Union liouse. Commercial, Buckeye, 
Leland, etc. The Axtell was originally built by J. A. Hnndley and called 
by his name. For a good maany years it was a losing investment to every 
one i-oinicded with it but the city has finally caught up with it. 
Municipal Government 

In .Mnnli, fsso. pursuant to a petition signed by the citizens and \nv- 
scmIimI Io Ilic coini l>y \]. j). Hastings, Cherryvale was duly incorporated 
as a lily nf tiic thiiil ri.iss. On the first Tuesday of April, city officers 
were I h'lteil. ('. ('. Kincaiil was the first mayor. Jan. 21, 1885, by proc- 
lamation of Clov. John A. .Martin, it became a city of the second class. 
The following men have served as mayors: C. C. Kincaid, A. Phalp, O. F. 
Carson. J. W. Willis. M. 15. Soule,.A. S. Dulev, C. A. Mitchell, John Cald- 



veil, y\v. Slmntoii. I 


?ev 


ii<; his second term 





HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 151 

Newton, and E. S. MacDonald who is now serv- 



Postmasters 
N B. Thorjie was the first postmaster. The oflSce has since been held 
bv the following citizens: Wm. Parks, Major Lyons, C. E. Moore, T. An- 
derson, Leo Veeder and T. H. Ernest. 



CHAl'TER VII. 
The Medical Profession 

r.Y T. F. AxnuEss. m. d. 

To write even a sketch of a history of the times and places one has 
been a part of is difficult; to be preserved from the everlasting egotism 
that exalts the "1" in everything, and at the same time to preserve the 
verity of history is still more difficult; but hardest of all is, to "naught 
extenuate, nor set down aught in malice." To this task we devote these 
pages, and if we shall throw the recollection backward, and help in any 
slight degree, even to present a jticture of the early days of the county — 
"all of which I saw and a part of which I was" — then our purpose will be 
served and, as the lamented AYard would say, "We have accomplished 
all we expected, and more too." 

Early in March 1870. the writer first saw tlie mounds, the valleys, 
the forests (for there were forests then) and the ever- varying and. to us, 
the always beautiful scenery of this Montgomery County. When one 
looked arouud, the first thing that enlisted the attention of the "tender- 
foot" was the Indians. They were certainly a pictui'esque feature and 
moi-e interesting at some distance than in closer contact. The Osages. at 
that time, owned and occui)ied the laud. They numbered about three 
thousand and theie were, perhaps, about five thousand emigrants in the 
county, all fired with the ambition and desire to possess the soil, and, as 
it were, devour the country in search of claims. 

The Indians looked on with evident hostility, at this sudden and 
overpowering coming of the "Pale Face." But the Osages were no more 
a brave and war-like people, which fact as.sured the safety of our scalps. 
If the Comanche, the Sioux or the Blackfeet tribes had occupied the place 
of the Osage this history would very probably, read differently. 
The Arapi)ahoes had conquered the Osages and, it seems, extinguished, 
at the same time, their courage and martial spirit. 

The white i)eople were scattered everywhere and, even at that early 
date, towns and cities were being staked out and started in the race for 
population and wealth. Independence had some shanties covered with 
hay; Liberty — at that time the county seat, it having been moved over 
from Verdigris City — gave promise of becoming the metropolis; Parker, 



^52 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

down near the nation line, on the east bank of the Verdiyris river, had 
.some i)reteutious hiiildinfis: Elk Citv and Louisburg were rivals, side by 
side, with two or three liouses each. .\t all these plaees there were mem- 
iK'rs of the medical profession, jfenerallv trying to combine the business 
of the physician with that of the sfjnatter on land. 

The doctors exercised and held a large influence in their several 
communities and used it. in the main, for the public good, and to build 
up society. As in all frontier settlements we find the most enterprising 
and wide-awake coming in the lead, and so it was here; the more digni- 
fied followed after. At that early date some very bright followers of 
Esculapius were here— and some not so young— but, taken altogether, a 
good and talented i-epresentation of the medical profession. One would 
frequently find the graduate of Jefferson, Ann Arbor, or Rush in a board 
-shanty frying "slap jacks" or '-lady hog's bosom," while a few vol- 
umes of standard works rested on a shelf near by and a few bottles of old 
-standby drugs that shai-ed the shelf gave out an intimation of the trade 
of the settler. 

The well-worn saddle bags and the ever-jiresent lariat completed the 
picture. In some of these rude and temporary surroundings one would 
often find the studious and comi)etent man of medicine filling his mis- 
sion of alleviating suffering and healing the sick. Owing to the mode of 
life, shelter, food and water, there w«s a vast amount of malarial trouble, 
and the varied tyi)es of intermittent, remittent and bilious fevers made • 
themselves familiar in almost every htmie. Everybody knew the doctor 
then and welcomed liis visits. Imt some, unfortunately, had short mem- 
ories and forgot flic doctoi- before the bill was paid. 

Looking hack, the wonder is not that so many were sick but that so 
many recovered. Drinking slough water, eating pork and corn bread 
fiaviired with sorghum, and living in tents, wagons and shanties were 
not tirst (lass sanitary condilions. Everybody grew familiar with qui- 
nine, raloniei. Dover's ])ow(leis and the dozens of nostrums that promised 
to cuK' the ■■ager" or as the allli.ted Itutchiuan said "Der damned cold 
fe\('r."' 

onuMv county, with his primitive out- 
tninienis would not compare favorably 
ire" and thoroughbreds, with fashion- 
nstrunients and appliances of the city 
•.M. D.'s" are the same old fellows of 
if the early time and become leaders 

>(ed to their chosen work, or less mer- 
lave atruniiilated the wealth that their 
i\ of the pioneers have acquired wealth 



The doci 


or of ISTll. 


in Mon 


fit of horse, d 


rngs, apj.ar 


■el and i 


with his suei 


•essor, with 


-nihliei 


able dress an 


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nioilern 


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nv of these 


ni(i(lel'li 


],S7(I, grown 


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iln-vsali. 


in the profesi 


sion of till' 


■if (hoie. 


Few mei 


1 have been 


nioi-e ill 


cenai'v, and, i 


lis a result. 


vel-v fev 


-arduous labo 


rs deserved. 


\-ei-v 1 


,:uid mil man. 


v, e\en, are 


well liM 



HlSTdUY OF .MONTl.Tl.MKKY COUNTY, KANSAS. 153 

Alwiivs alive lo (>\ci\ iliiiiji to liclii llic profi-ssioii ami tlieieby become 
a greater blessiii<i to a contidiiiji ]mblic tlie establishment of a medical 
coUoge was encoinaiicd by tiie jih.vsicians of .Moiitgoiiiei-y comity in an 
early day and it was actually orjiaiii/.ed and incoriiorated at Inde- 
pendence in the year lS7:!-4. Two courses of lectures were provided for 
in this school and ihe (acully of ilie institution were: 

l>r. !!. F. :Masterinau. I'rofessor of Surgery. 

I>r. W. A. .^IcCnllev. I'rofessor of Theorv and l'racti«-e. 

l>r. .John Crass. Professor of Materia Medi.a. 

I>r. Fugate, I'rofessm- of Physiology and etc. 

]»r. ('aini)bell. Professor of <'heniistry and Toxicology. 

Dr. Moon. Obstetrics and Cynecology. 

Some of the faculty of this defunct institution have jiassed away, 
some have left the county and the state and a few remain with us, active' 
and in the front rank of the ••]ull(lispensers" of this county. Some of the 
dead have left behind a jjrecious heritage in the memory of their devotion 
to duty and self-sacriticing labor. 

The Osages have l)een removed and the Indian Medicine Man is gone, 
except in the fakir who claims to have learned his medicine from the 
Indians. . My observation is that no people on earth know so little of 
medicine as the Red Man. One old Negro plantation "Anuty" knows 
more about healing and nursing the sick than all the Indians we have 
ever come in contact with. The doctor of 1870 who could get an Indian 
pony, partly broke, and a few ounces of quinine and other drugs — with a 
pocket case of instruments — was as well equijiped for the practice of 
medicine as any one he was likely to meet. 

In those early times we had no capsules, no elixirs, no tablets, no' 
concentrated drugs; and our resources were, indeed, primitive. And it 
may be here recorded that the very necessity of relying on his own re- 
sources had the effect, as it always will, of developing the native talent 
and stimulating ingenuity, and nuiking an alert and wide awake practi- 
tioner. He may have forgotten some of his Latin and Greek, yet at the 
bedside, and in cases of emergency, he could discount the professor with 
his technicalities and extensive library attainments. Out of the ranks 
of such men has come very mu<-h of the progress that has marked the' 
practice of medicine for the last forty years. And that there has been 
very marked advance along the lines indicated, all agree. 

.\t Independence, in 187(1. we met I>r. Masterman. who is still there 
and is the only one of the physicians of that date left in the county seat. 
He is still in the active practice, jiopular and respected. A kindlv. genial 
man, companionable and sympathetic. He is the Health Officer^ of the 
county and one of the Santa Fe local surgeons. He is a public-spirited 
citizen, an old soldier and a local l)enefactor of his race. 

Of later arrivals. 1 >rs. Chaney. Davis. Kvans. Surbe,-. Tanquarry, 



154 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 

Barker and Kelly, of Iudej)endence. fill the field there. Several of these 
have an equipment that makes tlie county seat a medical center. At Lib- 
erty, in 1870. we found I>r. Campbell, now of Cherry vale, a superannuated 
rheumatic. He is an old soldier with some experience in hospital work 
in the army. While not extensively trained in medicine or widely read 
in books or scientific learning, yet he had and still has the faculty of cor- 
rectly naming a physical trouble and of prescribing the dose that will 
relieve. Our practice, in an early day. covered a district larger than half 
a county and the doctor feels, severely, the effects of the long rides, fac- 
ing the storm and swimming the swollen and unbridged streams of that 
time. He was here from 1869 and gave his time, his health and his all 
toward the alleviation of humanity on the frontier. He found plenty of 
work, some gratitude and a little cash, an experience ]iaralleled only by 
the first doctors of the county. 

At Pai'ker, in the early days, was r)r. r>unwell. a well-equii)ped man, 
•<iow dead. His partner for a time. Dr. T. C. Frazier. still survives and is 
in the front rank of the profession at Coft'eyville. His sketch appears 
in this volume. 



CHAPTER VIII. 

Agriculture 

BY W. T. YOE. 



^^'hen the pioneer settlers of Southern Kansas began edging their 
way, as trespassers, in among the Osage Indians, ou what was then 
known as the Osage Diminished Reserve, the White man found he had in- 
deed reached a veritable paradise; especially was that true of what be- 
came known, a few years later as Montgomery County. The valleys of 
the Verdigris and Elk rivers, and of the score of creeks, were broad and 
rich, and covered with a heavy growth of timber, including walnut, hick- 
ory, ash. pecan, hackberry. sycamore, cottonwood and other varieties 
of hard and soft wood. The second bottoms and the wide exi)anse 
of broad prairies, and the hill and slopelands were covered with a lux- 
uriant growth of grass — generally blue stem — frequently so rank that it 
reached above the horse's back and gave one visions of becoming cattle 
barons and pasturing his herds ujion the government lan<l wtihoui 
cost. 

The agriculture of the Osage Indians was of a most primitive charac- 
ter as the ••nohle red men" regarded labor as degrading, but here and 
there, in their village settlements the "squaws" would cultivate small 
patches of corn of a v.irjtey of blue and white, eight-rowed corn-mostly- 
cob, and wlicii this maturi'd it was rubbed between stones, into a coarse 
meal. 



HISTORY OF MON'TGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. I 55- 

Tliose eai-ly jtioneers were greatly delighted with the luxuriant veg- 
etation, the extent of timber belts, the numerous streams, and other evi- 
dences of a ferttile soil. As soon as ]iossilile. logs were .-ut and jtrepared 
and a eabin built, and then began the breaking-out of a iiiece of prairie 
sod or a clearing in the timber where, the following autumn, a few acres 
of wheat would be sown, or. in the spring, corn i)lanted and vegetables 
grown. The results of these early experiments were successful in a re- 
markable degree and demonstrated that no mistake had been made ia 
their settlemnt in "Sunny Kansas." But there came many disappoint- 
ments and destruction of crops by herds, and. during the first few sea- 
sons, many fanulies were dependent on coarse ground corn-meal, turnips, 
and wild game, which was abundant. 

After the signing of the Indian Treaty in August 1870, for extin- 
guishing the title of the Osages to these lands, there was an immense- 
tide of immigrants via the '"prairie schooner"' route, all anxious to get 
a home in this new country ; and "claim takers" were not slow in break- 
ing out a few acres and making ready for growing crops in the following 
season, and, in the aggregate, a few thousand acres of wheat were sown. 
The following spring a few thousand acres in small patches were planted 
to sod-corn and vegetables. The season was favorable, and all began to 
feel that the days of plenty had come to their homes. 

There were comparatively few good teams driven into the county 
and it was fortunate, as there were severe losses of horses while becom- 
ing acclimated and getting used to the short rations of grain. Then it 
was. the settlers learned to appreciate the long-horned Texas cattle, 
which wei-e being driven here to fatten on the grass, and, later , to be 
driven to market. From these herds the pioneers bought their ox teams — 
two, four and, sometimes, six oxen being hitched to a breaking plow 
proved the motive power which turned over most of the virgin prairie 
for future cultivation. The Texas and Indian ponies, also, became popu- 
lar as they were numerous and cheap, and they became the staple teams 
for plowing corn and for road teams. 

The new-comers were gnerally young, energetic and enthusiastic 
and embraced all classes and professions; and all came anticipating the 
securing of a quarter section of land and the making of a home for them- 
selves and families. But all was not sunshine, as there were privations^ 
to be endured and lessons to be learned in pioneer life. 

All men were not born farmers, and many found by bitter experience 
that Eastern methods were not successful, and that they had to adapt 
themselves to ways new to them; hence, when the drought nnd grass- 
hoppers came, in 1874. many found it convenient to go back east to their 
wife's people rather than face the serious problems of a new country. 

The following season. 1875. was one of great abundance and made 
glad the hearts of those who had remained — in many cases, not front 



156 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

choice It further demonstrated a [xunt disputed, up to that time, that 
this was pre-eeinently an agricultural, as well as one of the finest of live 
stock-growing counties. It was in that year The South Kansas Tribune 
made a collection of grain and grasses for the Centennial Exposition 
of 187G, and one can now only iinagine the pride of the people when a 
telegram was received from Hon. Alfred Gray. Secretary of the State 
Board of Agriciulture. announcing that the "Highest prize. .|50.00 cash," 
had been awarded to Montgomery county samples of grains and grasses, 
as the finest grown in Kansas. It was indeed a fine exhibit of grains 
and grasses including wheat, rye. oats, flax, corn, timothy, blue grass, 
and blue stem. 

From that lime on agriculture became more prominent and for sev- 
eral years this county made exhibits at the Kansas State fairs and at 
the Kansas City fairs, of the various grains, grass and fruit products, 
and at every one. with a large measure of success and there are il- e-icist- 
ence a dozen premium tags and ribbons and one silver medal awarded 
on corn, wheat, flax, cotton and fruits exhibited from this county, at 
these great fairs. 

In those earlier years it became necessary to settle for all time the 
<;onflicting interests between the "cowman" and the farmer whether the 
lands were to l)e held for a free range for grazing of herds, or to become 
the homes and farms of the poorer settlers. The wealth was on the side 
of 1h(> Texas steer and every season vast herds of southern cattle were 
driven into this county to graze and fatten on the prairie grass. The 
cattle would bereak from the corrals at night and devastate the farmers' 
growing crops and thus engender bitter strife. The campaign for the 
herd law was intense, but although wealth and immense profits were ar- 
rayed on the side of the free range, the farmers won out in the contest 
for a herd law. and gradually the long-horned cattle disappeared and 
gave place to higher grades of cattle that would be confined in fenced 
pastures. 

It took years of time and a great many experiments to demonstrate 
for just what ( lojis the dift'ereut classes of soil were best adapted, and 
what varieties of cereals were the most profitable. But as the years 
passed and experience was gained and more economical methods substi- 
tuted, yearly accumulations increased and Montgomery County farmers 
have been enjoying a prosperity rarely equalled; and for seven years 
past the cry of "hard times" has not been lieard. With diversified agri- 
culture ami better methods and the growing of high-grade cattle, horses 
and .hogs, together with products of the orchard, garden and poultry, 
our farmers entered upon the twentieth century with abounding prosper- 
ity. 

Moiilguincry is one of llie smaller conntics with an area of 648 
t«qn:iic miles or' tlt.TiId ;uii>s. One fourtli of this is fertile valley land 



HISTORY OK MONT(;OMEEY COUNTY^ KANSA3. 157 

and specially adapted for either of the (jreat staples, wheat or eorn : in 
favorable seasons producing from 25 to 40 bushels of wheat per acre and 
some .^ears even larger yields. During the five-year period ending with 
1895 the wheat product was 2,993.500 bushels, and for the next five-year 
period 3.764.398 bushels, and an average for the ten-year period of 
675.798 bushels of wheat each year. And for the opening year of the new 
century. 1901, the average yield was 26i4 bushels of wheat per acre, a 
higher average per acre than was grown in any ftthor county in Kans;is, 
and aggregated 1,642.280 bushels, which was a greater amount of wheat 
than was grown in twelve other eastern counties in the state. That year 
the wheat yield was 117 bushels per capita for the population of the 
county outside of the larger towns. The cost of growing wheat per acre 
in JTontgomery County, for plowing, discing, harrowing, seed, cutting, 
thi'eshing, and rent of land is placed at $9.74 per acre. 

Of the other great staple crop there were produced in the five-year 
period 1891-1895, of corn 5,720.513 bushels, and for the next five-year 
period 8.851.569 bushels showing the effect of better farming and a year- 
ly average of nearly 1 and Vi; million bushels of corn. These statistics 
are from the State Board of Agriculture and are proof positive that agri- 
culture is a success in Montgomery County and that it is in the corn and 
wheat belt. 

The general crops, so far found adapted to this county, and most 
profitable, are winter wheat, corn, oats, rye, Irish and sweet potatoes, 
castor beans, cotton, flax, broom corn, millet, sorghum, for syrup and 
al.so for forage. Kaffir corn, timothy, blue grass, orchard grass, clover, 
alfalfa, and prairie grass for hay and pasture. These staple farm crops 
average a value of one and three-fourths millions of dollars annually, 
to which should be added for cattle, hogs, poultry, wool, butter, cheese 
and horticultural products to make a total of farm products, the first 
year of this century, of $2,838,295, or $225 per capita for every man, 
woman and child living on the farms. 

As the years pass, greater attention is given to small fruits, poultry 
iind the imiiroved class of horses, cattle and hogs. 

Elue grass, red clover and alfalfa, during the recent years, have 
proven sure crops and very profitable — in fact observation and statistics 
prove ^lontgoniery County to Ije one of. if not the best, agricultural and 
stock-growing county in the State. 

Montgomery County enjoys the most favorable climatic advantages 
tind is free from the great extremes of heat and cold that affect more 
•northern and southern localities, and has had an average rainfall of 
thirty-six inches during the past twenty years, with a growing period 
extending 180 days without frost. In addition to climatic advantages 
the county is in the great Kansas natural gas and oil field. Natural gas 
is used for light and fuel in all the towns of the county, for residences. 



158 HISTORY OF MONTGOMEKY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Imsiiu'ss liuililiiiiis. (ifficcs ;iii(l ;ill kinds of factory industries, and prob- 
ably a thousand farm liouses use natural gas for fuel and light and have 
the benefit of fret> rural mail delivery — two luxuries enjoyed by no other 
farming community in any other state — and which contribute very lai'ge- 
ly to The ]ilcasiircs. iprosperity and home-making of the farmmj; c- m- 
munii\. 



CHAl'TEK IX. 

Manufacturing 



I'.y the discovery of natural gas in all parts of the county, the cheap 
fuel problem was solved, and ^Montgomery County is destined to be'X'rae 
one of, if not the greatest manufacturing county in the state. 

Natural gas is the ideal fuel and light for the home and adapted for 
all manufacturing jairposes, and the known supply is greater now than 
at any former jieriod. It is in such abundance that it is furnished as low 
as three cents jter 1.(1(1(1 cubic feet, which for heat or steam purposes is- 
equivalent to a rate of sixty cents per ton for coal. The industrial enter- 
prises consist chietly of the manufacture of the native shales into thft 
finest dry press. fa<e. ornamental, vitrified paving and building brick of 
the finest ((uality known to the trade and superior in quality, in color 
and finish. There are eight of these brick plants now in operation and 
the extent of the industrv may be judged from the fact that one com- 
pany operating three of these plants employs .500 people, manufactures 
80 million brick i)er annum and pays |188,000 in wages for labor. 

Among the other industries are two paper mills employing 200 peo- 
ple in the manufacture of wrapping paper, pul]i boards, and egg-ca.se 
fillers from wheat straw. Six large flouring mills converting our high 
grade winter wheat into the finest quality of flour. One of these milling 
firms employs 75 people and has a capacity of 2,000 barrels of flour daily. 

Grain elevators are in each of the larger towns, one of which has a ca- 
pacity of storing 2(l(l.(MMi bushels an<l of handling (id <ar loads of grain 
daily. 

A zinc smelter emjiloying 12.5 peojile; three window glass factories 
enijiloying 2.50 people; several foundries, ma<-hine shops, and planing 
mills; a cracker and sweet goods factory employing 50 people — and the 
only one in the State of Kansas; a cotton twine factory; several sorghum 
syruj) works — one of whicli was built at a cost of |125,000 — two artificial 
ice jdants and several other industrial enterprises, are all using natural 
gas for fuel. 

.\mong the oilier iiidnstiics |ii-ojected for the near future are two 
plants for the manufactiiic of I'ortland cement, with a capacity of 4,000 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 159 

barrels (hiily; a planter mill to manufacture 2,000 barrels daily from 
gypsum and two additional window glass factories. 



CHArTKK X. 

History of the Bench and Bar 

BY WILLIAM PUNKIN. 

Section I. 
General Observations 

.V true history the bench and bar of Montgomery County cannot 
fail to awaken a just pride among its members, and to be entertaining 
to those who shall populate the county in years to come. 

I'he existence of this bar covers a period slightly less than the av- 
erage generation of the human race and, in less than twenty years from 
its beginning, it furnished a United States District Attorney for Kan- 
sas, whose record in that office, for six years, and in the high places he 
subsequently filled in the profession, long ago made his name a familiar 
household woi-d in Kansas, and well known over a large portion of the 
Union. 

It also, in that brief limit of time, supplied tlieState with an honored 
■Governor, who served with distinction for two successive terms and 
the public with two judges of the District Court, in men of distinguished 
ability, whose wide reputations as profound lawyers, acquired in the 
practice* became, while on the bench, extended far beyond the limits of 
the State. Within the same time, one of its members became an efficient 
First Assistant Secretary of the Interior, at Washington, during Presi- 
dent Harrison's administration, and another represented the stat.^ in 
the United States Senate for six yeai'S, ending in 1897. 

Besides these, there have always been in its ranks, numbers of well 
known attorneys, who have ever been recognized in the circles of the pro- 
fession, as talented lawyers. It nuiy well be doubted, if a more promis- 
ing bar existed within the confines of the State than that formed by the 
young attorneys, who came in the flood of immigration that poured 
into the county, during the years of its first settlement. 

While many — aye most — of the old members have either yielded to 
that inevitable law, which fixes the destiny of every man, or sought new 
fields for the practice of their chosen profession, or the pursuit of other 
more alluring callings — other young lawyers now in the prime of their 
physical and mental vigor have taken the places of those no longer here. 

These young gentlemen, among whom are some very brilliant and 
well-cultivated minds, are maintaining an enviable reputation for the 
bar, and making history that, it is to be hoped, will hereafter be written 
bv one or more of them. 



I60 HISTORY OK MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 

Aiiiiilo nMsi.ns cxisicd for tlie fonnation of a strong bar iu the early 
sselt lenient and (ieveloimient of the connty. The conditions were inviting 
and tlie [iros]ie(ts teniiitiTifr to tlie talented yonng lawyers. In its native 
slate, the face of the country was charming and pietnresque. and the soil 
of exceeding fertility; and an nnnsnally fine climate added its induce- 
ments to other fascinating features. 

The early ](o])ulation was. for the most jiart. composed of young 
j)ersons seeking homes, with their life and hopes before them; and these 
yonnii ]ieo]ile were generally eipiipped with good health and gifted with 
constitutions that enabled them to endure the toils and privations of a 
new country. 

These lircnmstames were attractive to the brainy, and generally 
briefless, young barristers who came seeking fame and fortune in the 
pursuit of their calling. Most of them, like a great majority of the first 
pioneers, were men of limited means; and some had left comfortable- 
homes and turned from the proffered aid of influential kindred and 
friends to brave the dangers of frontier life to win fortune and fame. 

While early business became brisk in their line, the litigous ele- 
ment could not always respond in the "Coin of the Realm" for needed 
professional services; and necessity frequently compelled compensation 
to be rendered in time notes that were rarely bankable, unless secured by 
mortgages on substantial })roperty. i^ometimes owing to the impe- 
cunious circumstances of the client, his attorney willingly yielded his 
services for an agreed upon share or interest in the property in contro- 
versy. 

From these earnings, and from such fees as were paid in legal tender 
"greerbanks,"the young lawyer was enabled to fortify his doors against 
the far-famed wolf, and to live comfortably, if not luxuriously; and from 
such resources some of the more thrifty built pleasant homes and stocked 
their offices with good libraries. 

In the ealy days, many, who afterward commanded a lucrative 
practice, advertised themselves as "attorneys at law and real estate 
agents" and some of these devoted more time to the agency features than 
t<i their profession, and often with profitable results. 

The sources of income to the first members 'of the bar wei-e numerous 
and fruitful, and as the county grew in population and develoj»ed, com- 
j)ensations for legal services were usually awarded in money or its equiv- 
alent. 

When tlie various fountains of rcnenue to the legal fraternity are 
understood., it will readily be perceived why so many brilliant young law- 
yers came here so early and stayed so late. 

Thei-e were eight or ten thousand people in the county when the 
treaty with the Osage Indians was concluded on Sei)tember 10, 1870. 
and most of these were <laiming an interest in the lands in defiance of 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. l6l 

the Iiidinn's ii<>ht to the exclusive oc(Mii)anfy thereof. Long before the 
treaty was signed or an official survey of the county had been made, these 
aggressive settlers had staked out, claimed and possessed themselves of 
tracts of lands and lots on townsites that had been laid out and platted 
without warrant of law. Each claimant asserted a prime right to the 
tract of land by him selected and occupied and to the town lot he had 
chosen, against all, except the United States Government, in whose favor 
a concession of one dollar and twenty-flve cents per acre, was recognized. 

The rapid settlement of the county by persons who had generally 
been strangers to each other and the exciting scramble to acquire the 
best land claims and choicest lots in projected towns, often provoked 
bitter disputes and controversies. In the settlement of these, profes- 
sional services wei-e rendered that yielded handsome fees to the young 
lawyers. 

The olHcial survey of the lands made a new alignment of the 
boundaries of most of the claims that had been staked out. This often 
had the effect of enhancing the value of one claim and depreciating that 
of an adjoining one. Sometimes such survey placed the houses and im- 
provements of two neighbors and friendly claimants on a single tract, 
and out of these causes, arose sharp contentious that created a pressing 
demand for legal work for their solution. 

Incident to the enti\y of the townsites, much litigation ensued, some- 
times between the claimants of the lots they respectively professed 
to occupy and own, at other times between such lot owners and the trus- 
tee who held the legal title. Expensive suits were also instituted to de- 
termine who were the several occupants of a towusite and entitled to 
deeds from the trustee. At Independence, the Independence Town Com- 
pany was created and chartered under the laws of the State. It claimed 
the mayor, who had entered the townsite, held the title in trust for the 
town company. Under the law, as it has since been interpreted, a town- 
site is entered from the United States, for the benefit of the actual occu- 
pants of the lots (see Winfield Town Company vs. Enoch Morris et al. 
11 Kansas 128 and Independence Town Company vs. James DeLong, 11 
Kansas 152). As the matter then stood, all parties agreed the mayor or 
corporate authorities had the legal right to make the entry in trust. The 
controversy was over the question as to who were the ccstuis qioe trust — 
or beneliciaries. It would be foreign to the purposes of this article to 
discuss this question and it is only alluded to to show that such condi- 
tions developed doubts that could only be settled by the skillful lawyer, 
and that the compensation for the solution of them was one of the 
sources of the lawyer's income. 

Among the disputants in the disagreements arising in the settlement 
of the county were some daring and reckless men, who occasionally chose 
to attempt a disposition of their disputed affairs "outside of court," 



l62 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

and without the aid of counselors. Usually their efforts resulted in the 
creation of more serious troubles in which the State of Kansas became 
the party plaintiff, and the lawyer found himself blessed with two cases, 
instead of one. 

While a large element in the first population was cosmopolitan, the 
people at once began to take steps to encourage the building of railroads, 
bridges and other public improvements. These were soon secured at 
ruinously extravagant prices, in exchange for municipal bonds, many 
of which are yet a burden upon the people and wealth of the county. In 
accomplishing these purposes much employment was afforded to the 
members of the bar. 

Adventurous merchants often failed for want of caution in making 
purchases, buying too much on trust, and extending credit too far. 
Farmers who had not reckoned upon the disastrous drought of 1874 and 
the ruinous visitation of the festive red-legged grasshopper, and other 
unlooked for woes, came to financial grief. These misfortunes opened 
the way to the attorney to make collections by foreclosing mortgages, 
and in other suits, including attachments, receivers, etc. 

The location of the county on the border of the Indian Territory, 
which then furnished a comparatively safe retreat for criminals, encour- 
aged the comniission of crime. Many of the less discreet among these 
lawless men, often ventui"ed from their asylums of safety, into the State 
and were sometimes apprehended by the officers of the law; and others 
of them were occasionally, by daring officers without warrant of law 
forced into the State. The prosecution and defense of these men fur 
nished many handsome fees to the first lawyers who came to the county. 

Besides these unusual sources of income to the members of the bar, 
that arose out of the rapid settlement and improvement of the county, 
and the j)eculiar conditions that surrounded it, the ordinary opportuni- 
ties for the lawyer, in all countries, were ever present here. 

The District Courts 

i'lidi- to ISI17. the (>s:igi" Indians were in the exclusive and rightful 
possession of nil the tciiitoiy of the present Montgomery County, except 
a tract known as Tlie Cherokee Strij). about two and one-half miles wide 
on the south border of the county, and another strip about three miles 
wide on the east side of the county, that was n i>art of the Osage Ceded 
Lands. Tliis Indian li.ulit reiniiined intact until, by treaty concluded 
near the month of Drum Ci-eek. on September 10, 1870, these occupying 
Indiiins relinrinished :ill claims to the lands forever. 

Ill 1Sf;7. a few advent iiror.s settlers located in the country and these 
were reinforced by others during the next year. Tn the latter part of 
1868 the immigration began to flow in constantly increasing streams, 



U I STORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 1 63 

which .(mtiiHiod till the first United States census for 1870 was taken, 
whifli showed a iiopulation of 7,638, exclusive of Indians. This was ap- 
]M(.xiinatclv (he iiojiulation of the county at the time its first District 
('(Hiit convened i'.t Independence on May 9, 1870. 

Before that date, improvised tribunals of justice had afforded relief 
to the wronged, and indicted imnishment for the infraction of those 
rules that were by common consent adopted as a guide. The.se courts, 
if thev mav be dignified by that name, antedated the justices of the peace 
of the thre'e original townships (Drum Creek, Verdigris and Westralia), 
created in June. IStJO. by the first board of county commissioners ( TI. C 
Crawford, H. A. Bethuren and R. L. Walker), and assumed to exercise 
jurisdiction, in some matters, after the creation of the succeeding town- 
ship courts. 

Before the first District Court convened, the question of the location 
of the county's pernmnent capital had been the subject of many heated 
controversies. Governor James M. Harvey, on June 3. 1869, by procla- 
mation, created the county and named Verdigris City as its temporary 
county seat. In the fall of that year an election for county officers and 
to locate the permanent county seat was held. A spirited rivalry sprang 
up. On the west side of the Verdigris, where the county was more sparse- 
ly settled. Independence, then less than six months old, was an active 
candidate ; a projected city called Tipton, located just east of the present 
Elk City, divided the vote on the west side of the river. On the east 
side of the river, in the beginning, three formidable candidates were pre- 
sented. These were Montgomery City on the north side and near the 
mouth of Drum Creek; Liberty on the hill, about three-fourths of a mile 
east from the present "McTaggart's Bridge" across the Verdigris; and 
Verdigris City (the temporary seat) located about the same distance 
southeast from the present "Brown's Ford" on the river. 

Liberty was located between and about an equal distance from each 
of its competitors on that side of the river, and, during the campaign, 
its advocates, by a shrewd piece of political diplomacy, secured the vote 
theretofore divided between the three aspirants, and by that means ob- 
tained more votes than either of its competitors on the west side of the 
river. 

.\ bitter contest was begun in the Probate Court of Wilson County, 
to which Montgomery was then attached for judicial purposes. The court 
before which such contest had been instituted decided there had been 
no authorized election and hence no contest could properly be enter- 
tained. 

Mr; Goodell Foster, then but twenty-six years of age, was a leading 
attorney on the side in favor of maintaining the validity of the election. 
He had been elected county attorney but declined to qualify after the 
adverse decision of the court. 



164 II18T0UY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 

After the trial had progressed two days. Mr. Foster retired at night, 
confident of victory on the next day. He had, late on the second day, 
presented a legal precedent that seemed to tnrn the "tide of battle" in 
his favor. 

Few law hooks hud been appealed to as authority to sustain the 
views presented l>y counsel on either side: indeed law books were a rare 
luxury here in those days. In legal fights, arguments and oratory ren- 
dered in loud and aggressive tones, were the weapons relied upon. 

Many hours before sunrise on the third day. L. T. Stephenson arrived 
on the scene of confiict. He had. during the night, ridden horseback, 
with his attorney, F. A. Bettis, from Oswego, a distance of fifty-four 
miles. Mr. Bettis brought an Iowa "case in point," and on that author- 
ity the invalidity of the election was judicially declared; and then and 
there the fond hopes of the friends of Liberty vanished never to return. 

The site selected in 1869 for the permanent county seat is now an 
uninviting spot. Clusters of low sumac, dwarf persimmon trees and 
other illgrown bushes fiourish on those portions where short grasses fail 
to grow between the lime rocks that peep from beneath the surface. 
Near the west line of this projected townsite is the point of a high hill 
from which can be seen a most beautiful landscape, which extends for 
miles up the timber-fringed Verdigris and over broad aci-es of rich bottom 
lands and fertile uplands and valleys; and to the north and east, some 
two miles or more from the same townsite, is a spot at the summit of a 
hill from which one can look upon Independence, Cherryvale and Lib- 
erty; the latter the successor of her dei»arted namesake. 

The decision of the Wilson County Probate Court, so fatal to the 
prospects and hopes of old Liberty, was quietly acquiesced in, until the 
vexed question of the location of the permanent county seat was settled 
at a legal election held in November, 1870. At this election Independence 
was selected by an overwhelming majority. 

At its annual session in 1870, the Legislature ]iassed an act, which 
was, on the 2nd day of March, in that year, approved by the Governor, 
creating the I'>leventli Jiidicial District, com]>rising the counties of 
Crawford, Cherokee, Labette, Montgomery and Howard. By this law 
the Ctovernor was authorized to appoint a judge for the newly created 
distri(t. whose term of office should connnence Ajjril 1st. 1870. It also 
provided for the eleclion of a judge, for four years, at the annual election 
to be held in Novi'iiiIum- of Hint year, and fixed his term to commence on 
the 2nd Monday in .l.iininry, 1S71. 

This act, by lis tciiiis, was to lake eti'ect and be in force from and 
after its pulilication in tlic K:iiis;is Wecklv Connnomveallh, a newspaper 
then published in Top.'ka. 

On the IIS lUninj Mmrh. ISlD.thi- ( lovernor api.ointcd ITon. Wm. C. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 165 

Webb, of Fort Scott. Judge of the District, not\vilhstan<ling the law 
(lealiiig it and conferring the power to malce the aiijiointnient was not 
I)ul)lis]ied and hence did not become operative until the 2'ith day of that 
mouth. 

While the appointment was premature and unauthorized, a better 
selection could not have been made, either at the time or after the law 
went into force, seven or eight days later. 

One of the novel features of the law was that by its first section it 
made Howard county a part of the district, and in its next section pro- 
vided "the County of H^oward is hereby attached to the County of Mont- 
gomery for judicial purposes." 

The law makers may have been influenced to the inconsistency in 
the first and second sections of the act, by the impression that Montgom- 
ery county afforded the only convenience to be had. in the two counties 
suitable for holding court and in that view were doubhless correct, yet 
they may not have fully realized the lack of commodious, not to say lux- 
urious, appointments for such purpose, that they obtained in this, now 
the sixth county in the state. 

The law also fixed times for convening the terms of court "on the 
second Monday of May and the second Monday after the third Monday 
of October in each year." 

On the second Monday in May, 1870. wliich was the 9th day of that 
month. Judge Wm. C. Webb promptly appeared in the county to open 
his tei'm of Court. This, uuder the law. must be held at the County seat; 
and Judge Webb was always unusually technical in the strict observance 
of all laws, so much so. had he known the weakness of his title to the 
office, he probably would not have attemj)ted to exercise its duties. 

On his arrival, he was confronted with a peculiar state of affairs 
resiiet ting the location of the county seat. The Governor, in his pro- 
clamation creating the county, had designated Verdigris City as its 
temporary county seat; the canvas of the vote cast at the election in 
18ti9 attested that the permanent county seat was fixed at Liberty, and the 
election resulting in favor of Liberty had been judicially declared a 
nullity. 

Ordinarily, this disturbing problem would have been easy of 
solution in the well trained legal mind of Judge Webb. Logically, the 
county seat would have been where the Governor located it, unaffected 
by the futile efforts to change it. However, other complications inter- 
vened. It was the duty of the County Commissioners to provide, at the 
county seat, a suitable place for holding court; and it was likewise the 
duty if the commissioners to hold its sessions at the same seat. The 
crude and diminutive court room that had been constructed at Verdi- 
gris City no longer remained there. I'nder the compromise between the 



[66 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 



three aspirants on the east side of the river, the primitive court house 
had been removed from its former site to Liberty, and the few inhabi- 
tants who had dwelt on the haul phitted as the temporary county seat 
had hopelessly abandoned it and linked their fortunes with those who 
lived on the site of its former rival, after its barren victory at the polls. 

Besides, the new Board of County Commissioners (W. W. Graham, 
S. B. Moorehouvse and Thomas H. Brock) was friendly to Independence, 
at which place it held its sessions, and on ilay 5th, 1870, made an order 
as follows: "Be it known that, finding no suitable place at Verdigris 




FIRST COLPT HOLSE 

City in whuh 1o liuld thi lUvunl < <.un ot .M,()ntgumu\ < ountii, it is 
hereby ordered that said court shall be held at Independence." 

These were the conditions when Judge Wni. C. Webb, in company 
with his former law partner, Mr. E. J. Hill, arrived, with the team of 
their law firm, at the log structure that had been known at Verdigris 
City as the court house of the county, and moved to and re-erected at 
Liberty for the same ])urj)ose. This small log house still stands, where 
it then stood, neglected and in a sad state of decay. 

After the team in which Judge Webb came was hitched, he walked 
into the sui)j)osed court house and at once, in the most emjihatic manner, 
declared to its enii)ty walls that it was wholly unfit for the purpose de- 
signed and he positively declined to open court under its roof. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 1 67 

\A'Leu Judge Webb and Mr. Hill arrived, there was no one at the 
building, but in a few moments a crowd was attracted to the spot — more 
from idle curiosity than otherwise — and in a short time Sheriff White 
arrived from Iude[>endeuce ; the clerk of the court, L. T. Stephenson, a 
powci'ful friend in those days of Independence, had remained where his 
love and friendship centered. 

After a shoi't consultation between the judge, sheriff and Mr. Hill, 
these gentlemen drove on to Independence when the order of the board 
was made known to the judge and a new school building located on lot 
17, block 52, the present site of the United Brethren church, was tender- 
ed for a court room. 

After some hesitation, the judge opened his court there and directed 
the order of the board of county commissioners to be spread upon the 
records, where it will now be found copied on the first page of the first 
journal of the first term of the District Court ever held in the county. 

This was the only term of court held in the county by Judge Wm. C. 
Webb, and at that term but little business of importance, beyond the ad- 
mission of attorneys to practice, was transacted. Court adjourned on 
May I7th, 1870, after having continued most of the cases and admitted a 
number of the earliest members of the bar to practice. 

At this term of court. Charles White was sheriff, J. N. Debruler, 
under sheriff. L. T. Stepheusou. clerk, and Clate M. Ralstin, county at- 
torney. 

Section III. 

The Judges of the District Court 

The gentlemen who have presided over the District Court of Mont- 
gomery county since its creation, have, for the most part, been men of 
far more than ordinary ability; and when the comparison is indulged 
with judges in this and other states, who have occupied the same exalted 
positions, there could be little or nothing found to complain of or criti- 
cise in our judges. It is well known in the legal profession, that the of- 
fice of judge of a trial court of general jurisdiction is one that is most 
difficult to acceptably fill. To properly perform its duties requires accu- 
rate knowledge of the law, and of the rules of pleading and of evidence, 
together with business tact and administrative ability. 

ilOX. WILLIAM C. WEBB, of Fort Scott. Kans.,'was the first judge 
of the District Court. He held but one short term in the county and that 
was in a new school house on East Maple street in Independence. Suf- 
ficient allusion has been made to this feature in the preceding section of 
this article. 

When Judge Webb convened the first district court here he was a 
man about forty-six years of age and had before been recognized in this 



l68 HISTORY OP MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

state as well as in the state of Wisconsin, from whence he came to this, 
as a lawyer deeply learned, accurate and profound in the profession. 

After his first and only term in the county, he, on November 17th, 
1870, resigned the office and shortly after became the official reporter of 
the ?ui)renie Court of Kansas and, as such, thereafter produced fifteen 
volumes of the reports of the court (Vols. to 20 inclusive.) 

After retiring from the responsible and arduous duties of that office, 
he, with great credit to himself, filled various high public positions in the 
state and, at times, was, in a professional way, engaged in many impor- 
tant legal controversies. He became well known throughout the state, 
and M-as everywhere recognized as one of its most distinguished lawj^ers. 

Before coming to Kansas, .Judge Webb had served in the Civil war 
as colonel of a Wisconsin regiment, and had been a member of the Legis- 
lature of that state. Among the public places of trust he has filled in 
this state, outside of those already mentioned, may be named those of 
state senator, member of the lower house of the legislature, state super- 
intendent of insurance and judge of the Superior Court of Shawnee 
county. 

In his old age, while bending under the burden of the heroic strife 
of a well spent life, he, in 1890, undertook and accomplished the compila- 
tion of the laws of Kansas. This was a herculean task and better fitted 
to the energy and physical endurance of the man as he was twenty-five 
years before. 

Judge Webb died in 1S!)S. at Topeka. at the ripe age of seventy-four 
years, lamented, honored and respected by all who knew him. At the 
January, 1898, term of the Supreme Court, it adopted and spread upon 
its records a handsome tribute to his memory, 

HON. HENRY G. WEBB, at about the age of forty-five years, suc- 
ceeded his brother, Wm. C. Webb, on the bench. He was elected to the of- 
fice at the November. 1870, general election, and the term of his office be- 
gan in January, 1871. Under the law, as it then existed, the second term 
of court was to convene in the county on the "second Monday after the 
third Monday in October." At the appointed time Judge Wm. C. Webb 
failed to appear and open his court, whereupon the members of the bar 
selected Judge Henry G. Webb as judge pro tern, and he. as such pro 
tern judge, held the October or November, 1870, term of court, in a room 
upstairs on the east side of Pennsylvania avenue in this city, in a build- 
ing about 100 feet south of Main street. 

At the time of his selection as such pro teni judge, he was a candi- 
date against Hon. Wm. :Mathena, of Cherokee county, for the office and 
at the election held a few days after convening court, was chosen by a 
large majority. 

After the election and wiiilc .Tudgc Wcbl) w:is serving as judge in a 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMEKY COUNTY^ KANSAS. l6g 

temporary capacity, he disposed of at least one highly important matter 
arising out of what is now conceded to have been a fraudulent and cor- 
rupt election, held June 21st, 1870. It had been voted to issue county 
bonds in the sum of two hundred thousand dollars, to secure the build- 
ing of the Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston Railroad, from near the 
northeast corner of the county, via Cherryvale and Coffeyville, to the 
south boundary of the state. One of the first suits brought to question the 
validity of that election in the District Court of the county was the case 
of Asa Hargrave vs. Charles White. The court appointed Mr. A. C. 
r>arlow. an attorney of Oswego, a commissioner to take testimony and re- 
port. Mr. Darlow, in a very brief time, made his report, whereupon, on 
Novemlier 2nd, 1870, the court rendered its judgment, finding, among 
other things, that said election held on June 21st, 1870, on the question of 
voting .'ji200,000 to said railroad company was a valid and legal election. 
Without venturing a criticism on the soundness of that ruling, it may 
l)e remarked, that shortly afterward the bonds were issued and now, 
after much litigation and the expediture of a large amount of money, 
in vain efforts to defeat them, a large portion of the debt still hangs as 
a burden on the county. 

On the 9th day of November, 1870, Judge Webb pronounced, perhaps, 
the first divorce decree in the county. It was in favor of the wife, who 
was plaintiff, and on the grounds that the husband had been willfully 
"absent from said petitioner for more than one year prior to the filing 
of the petition." 

At the same term of court pro tern Judge Webb made an unique 
order in reference to the papers and files in the clerk's office, which, 
among other things, provided they should not '"be loaned, borrowed, 
taken away, purloined, stolen or kidnapped from the office" and also 
that any person or attorney "wishing copies may have the same by giv- 
ing ample notice to the clerk and paying for the same at the price per 
folio allowed by law;" the order then made an exception in favor of the 
county attorney, who was allowed "to borrow papers by receipting for 
and returning the same in three (3) days." 

Any of the early members of the bar who knew the clerk of the court 
in those days and his peculiar and aggressive style of composition, will 
not hesitate to ascribe the authorship of this positive order to L, T. 
Stephenson, who was always an intimate friend and a great admirer 
of the judge. 

The May, 1871, term of court was held in the same room on Pennsyl- 
vania avenue and at that term Frank Willis appeared as county attor- 
ney. Judge Henry G. Webb was then "a full fledged" official with a term 
of about four years before him and had formed close social relations with 
a coterie of members of the bar and others. These friends of the judge, 



T70 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 

for some reason, so it was ilainied by Mr. Willis, had formed au un- 
friendly feeling for the county attorney, which was shared by the judge. 
Out of this antagonism disputes arose that were sometimes aired in open 
court. 

On November .30th, 1871, the court ordered the arrest of Mr. Willis 
for contempt of court. The specification stated that Mr. Willis had ut- 
tered the following insulting language in open court: "If the court 
wants to do so and dismiss the cases here publicly just for the purpose 
of stigmatizing me, why you can do that"' and further it was specified 
that Mr. Willis had used in open court the following contemptuous lan- 
guage- "If you want to do such things in that way and dismiss these 
cases just because Bennett says so why just do it." What became of the 
contempt proceedings against Mr. Willis, the records do not show. 

At this term of court, on December 2nd, 1871, in the case of the 
State vs. L. T. Stephenson, the defendant was tried and convicted of an 
assault, and by the court fined twenty-five dollars and the costs of the 
prosecution. Neither this fine nor the costs was ever paid, and no com- 
mitment issued. Long afterward and on August 30th, 1872, Mr. Stephen- 
son appeared in court, and, on his motion, the fine was remitted. 

By an act of the Legislature, which went into effect on March 6th, 
1872, three terms of court were provided for the county. These were to 
convene respectively on the first Monday in April, August and December. 

On the first day of the April, 1872, term of court Judge Henry G. 
Webb and the clerk, L. T. Stephenson, were absent. There were present, 
however, besides some of the memliers of the bar. J. E. Stone, sheriff; J. B. 
Oaig, deputy clerk; and Frank Willis, county attorney, and the sheriff 
adjourned court 'till the next day. 

On the next day, which was April 2nd, 1872, court, with a full corps 
of officers, convened in Emerson's hall, which was on the north side of 
Main street and just west of the present court house grounds, and re- 
mained in session for several weeks. The conveniences in these new 
quarters were much superior to those afforded in the rooms formerly 
used for court, but in some respects, in the opinion of Judge Webb, were 
still lacking; and to supply the needs, which, under the law, it was the 
duty of the county commissioners to provide, the court, on the 17th day 
of April, 1S72, made an order directing the sheriff, at the expense of the 
conntfi, to provide by the next term "sufficient matting of the best qual- 
ity to cover the bench and bar and also the aisles in the court room and 
that he lay the said matting securely on the floor • • • and cause 
to be erected in said court room a platform of sufficient length and width 
to comfortably seat twelve jurors, and also a witness stand, and also a 
table six feet long and three feet wide and three and a half feet high for 
the use of the Judge of this Court." 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. IJI 

While public oflicials often iu the discharge of their duties, inno- 
cently overstep the bounds of the law, an order of this character, ema- 
nating from a court which is charged with the interpretation of the law 
and with defining its limits, becomes of scriniis inijiort; in other words, 
it usurped iK)wers that belonged to the cniiiiiy c (unmissioners. 

At the August, 1872, term, and on ihc l'l'ihI ila.y of that month, in 
a case then pending, iu which a former county attorney was plaintiff 
and the board of county commissioners was defendant, it was, in open 
court agreed that the plaint ill' should recover the amount that would 
result from dividing the aggregate of the amounts named by the mem- 
bers of the bar present, by the number of such members. The court ren- 
dered judgment against the county for the amount ($300) thus obtained 
on this unheard of proceeding. At the December, 1872, term of court a 
highly important murder case was pending; it being the case of the 
State vs Oliver P. Cauffman, George W. Eipley and Jasper Coberly. 

On December 13th, 1872, the county attorney asked a continuance 
on account of the absence of an important witness, which request was 
denied, and on the next day he asked leave of court to 7wlle the case, and 
this application was also overruled, whereupon, after a brief trial, de- 
fendants Cauffman and Ripley were acquitted. The other defendant, 
Coberly, was never aii]>rehended. This case arose from the claim that 
some one charged with, or suspicioned of, being guilty of some offense, 
had been lynched near Havana, in the county. 

At the time rumors of coi-ruption and bribery on the bench, were 
rife, in connection with this case. Whether there was any foundation 
for such rumors, will probably never be determined, and being mere 
rumors, it is but fair, in the absence of authentication, to say they were 
groundless, so far as the court was concerned. At all events, this oc- 
curred at the last term of court ever held in the county bv Judge Henry 
G. Webb. 

On January 21st, 1S73, the lower house of the Kansas Legislature, 
adopted the following resolution: "Resolved, That a committee of three 
be appointed to investigate charges againts H. G. Webb, judge of the 
11th Judicial District, with power to send for persons and papers." 

On January 22nd, 1873, the same body passed an amendatory resolu- 
tion, increasing the number of the committee to investigate such charges 
to five instead of three. 

On January 23rd, 1873, the lower house adopted the following reso- 
lution : 

"Resolved, The committee heretofore appointed by resolution of this 
house to investigate charges against H. G. Webb, Judge of the Eleventh 
Judicial District of the State of Kansas, be and is hereby authorized and 
required to investigate all charges of bribery, corruption and misconduct 



1-J2 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 

in ofiice against said H,. G. Webb and to report to this house as soon as 
practicable whether the said H. G. ^Yebb has so acted in his judicial 
capacity as to retjuire the interposition of the constitutional power of 
inii)eachnient of the house, and for the purpose of this investigation the 
cdiniuitlci' is licii'by authorized and enii)owered to si;bpoena and send for 
all iicrtssaiy inTSdiis and papers and each member of said committee is 
luTcbv auihori/.cil and empowered to administer oaths and afiBrmations, 
and said committee is hereby authorized to employ a clerk." 

On February loth, 1873, the committee, therefore, appointed to in- 
vestigate the charges againts Judge Webb, made a report as follows : 

"Mr. Speaker. Your select committee to whom was referred the in- 
vestigation of accusations against H. G. Webb, Judge of the Eleventh 
Judicial District, of the State of Kansas, beg leave to report that Judge 
Webb has tendered his resignation to take effect on the 21st day of Feb- 
ruary, 1S73, and the same has been filed and accepted by His Excellency 
the Governor; therefore, the committee asks to be discharged from any 
further investigation of the case, and recommend the testimony taken in 
the investigation, be filed with the Secretary of State, subject to the or- 
der of this House." "W. H. MAPES, Chairman." 

"The rep)ort was adopted." 

On the same day Mr. nutcliings offered the following resolution : 

"Resolved, That the committee heretofore appointed to investigate 
charges against H. G. Webb, Judge of the Eleventh Judicial District, be 
discharged from further consideration of the subject and that the testi- 
mony be not printed, but filed in the ofiice of tlie Secretary of State sub- 
ject to the order of this House." 

"Which was, on motion, adopted." 

Judge Henry G. Webb was a most remarkable man. Nature had 
endowed him with a lavish hand. He was a man of powerful physique 
and possessed of a natural mental power that rarely falls to the lot of 
man. He was well equipped to fill any high station in life. 

In the discussion of a legal proposition, or in the elaboration of any 
subject he chose to talk upon, he was most instructive and entertaining. 
Hte always spoke in a deep, deliberate and sonorous voice, softened by a 
musical melody that was charming to hear. His language on such oc- 
casions was chaste, well chosen and refined. He was a man whose name 
might have lived prominently in history a century or more after his 
deafh. With his great and brilliant mind, he lacked ambition beyond 
his inclination to gratify the tastes of the hour. 

JrJ)GE HISHOP W. PERKINS, at the age (.f thirty one years was, 
in March, 1873, ajipointed by Governor Thomas A. Osborn, Judge of the 
District Court fo fill the vacancv occasioned bv the resignation <if Judge 
Henrv G. Webb. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 173 

At tlio next election for jndge. Mr. Terkins was the Repnblioan eau- 
(Hdate to sncceed himself ajiiiinst Mon. John M. Scndder. an attorney of 
Coffeyville, Kansas, an independent candidate. His large district then 
composing four populous counties, was overwhelmingly Republican and 
he was elected by a safe majority, notwithstanding his own county 
(Labette) which was thoroughly Republican, voted in favor of his op- 
ponent. The adverse vote in Labette county was occasioned by the fact 
that a few ye.nrs before the election, while Judge Perkins was Probate 
Judge of the county, the large estate of one Ames, deceased, had been 
diverted from the rightful heirs and given to a spurious claimant, who 
had fraudulently secured a record of the Probate Court showing his 
adoption as the son and heir of said deceased. Bitter litigation arose 
over the event during the time Judge I'erkins was serving the remainder 
of Judge Webb's term. It was boldly charged during Judge Perkins' can- 
vass that he was a party to the fraud, and as boldly denied by the judge, 
who had in a short time he had served on the bench, become very popular, 
and had won the confidence of the people, to such an extent, that the 
affair exercised but little influence in the election, outside of Labette 
county. 

Four years afterward Judge Perkins was again elected for another 
term of four years, and at the end of his last term, entered upon his 
duties as one of the four congressmeu-at-large from the State, to which 
office he had been elected while serving on the bench. 

When Judge Perkins first went upon the bench, he possessed ueither 
the natural ability nor the legal learning of his predecessor, but in many 
other respects was far superior in fitness for the position. While he was 
young and of somewhat limited experience in the practice, he at once 
"demonstrated administrative ability of a high order. This, with his un- 
flagging energy and tireless industry, aided by the fine bars, particularly 
in this and Labette county, enabled him during his entire term to dis- 
pose of the court's business satisfactorily to the public generally. 

Judge Perkins on the bench was courteous and fair and developed 
an unusual ability to clearly instruct a jury and also become a fine 
chancellor. 

While the judge left a fine record after his ten years' service on the 
bench, he was distinctly a politician. As a political leader, he was rare- 
ly, if ever, excelled in the State. 

He was popular, adroit, diplomatic, energetic and uncompromising 
in his political convictions; and these qualities, with a boundless ambi- 
tion to serve in a public position, kept him almost constantly in otHce 
from the time he came to Oswego, in April, 1869, 'till he was defeated in 
1890, for congress, by Hon. Benjamin Clover, of Cowley county. After 
this inglorious defeat, the first he had ever met, he seems to have lost his 



iy4 HISTORY OF MONTCOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

political preslifto, and never aj^aiii soivetl in a publie office except for a 
few niontlis in 1S!I2 in tlie Tnited Slates Senate, to which office he had 
been appointed by (".ov. 1-. V. lliiniiplney to fill the vacancy occasioned by 
the death of Senator I'hniib. The next legislature elected in his place 
Senator Wni. A. retfer. a Populist, and at the same session his party 
friends refused his requcsi id imiinnate him as the candidate for the 
minority party. This was ].(M-liaiis the most oalling and hnmiliating 
defeat he ever suliered. 

Judge Perkins was born at Pdclicster, Livmine county. Ohio. October 
18th. 1842. In July. 18(J'2, he enlisted in the Union army and became a 
sergeant of his comjtany. He was afterward detailed to act as lieuten- 
ant in a company of cavalry for special guerilla duty, in which he served 
'till December. 18G3. Hie remained in the service 'till mustered out at 
Nashville. Tennessee, in May. 180(5. During his term of service after 
December, 1803. he filled successively the following army offices: Adju- 
tant of the 10th Colored Infantry and Captain of Company "C" in the 
same regiment. He was also, for a year. Acting Adjutant General of 
the i)Ost of Chattanooga and served as Judge Advocate on the staff of 
General Gillem and also in the same position on the stall' of (iciu'ral 
Steadman. 

After leaving the army he resumed the study of law, and was. in 
1807. admitted to practice; and in the same year located at Pierceton, 
Indiana, where he remained until he came to Oswego in 1809. 

In the spring of 1809 he was appointed county attorney, and after 
his term had expired, became assistant county attorney, and afterward 
tilled the following j)ositions : Probate Judge of Labette county. Judge 
of the 11th Judicial District. Member of Congress and United States 
Senator. 

He then settled in ^yashington, D. C., where he died on the 2(lth 
day of June, 1894, after a short illness 

JUDGE GEO. CHANDLER succeeded Hon. 15. W. Perkins on the 
bench. He was born at Hermitage. Wyoming county. New York, on Sep- 
tember 20, 1842, and in 1848 moved with his family to Monroe, Wisconsin, 
where he remained until 1854. and then went to Shirland, Illinois, and 
spent his time for the next six years, working on a farm. 

In 1800 he went to Beloit College in Wisconsin, and after jiursuing 
his studies there for three years, entered the University of M\icliigan, at 
Ann Arbor, and three years later was graduated from the famous law 
school of that renowned institution. He was then, in 1800. admitted to 
practice by the Supreme Court at Detroit. Jlicliigan, and afterward in 
the same year, went into the law office of Messers. Conger & Hawes and 
began the practice at Janesville, Wisconsin, which he continued until 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. I75 

piirly iu 187-_', wbeu he reiiiovi'd to, aud entered the practice of law at, 
Independence, Kansas. 

On the 3rd day of .April, 1872, on motion of J, D. MrCue he was ad- 
mitted to jiractice in the District Court of Montgomery county, on the 
certificate of liis admissicm to the Circuit Court of Wisconsin. 

Shortly after coming to Independence he formed a co-partnership 
with Ceorge E. Peck, a close friend, whom he had known at Janesville. 
Wisconsin, and who had, late in 1871, preceded him here. This new 
firm, under the style of Peck & Chandler, in a very short time establish- 
ed a lucrative practice, and its memtors very soon became well known 
as fine lawyers. The first office of this firm was upstairs in a frame 
building over Page's bank, at tlie corner of Main street and Pennsyl- 
vania avenue, and at the site of the present First National bank. 

In 1873, the partners moved their office to the second story of a brick 
building recently comi)leted by them on the east side of North Pennsyl- 
vania avenue and three doors south of the well known drug store of that 
early pioneer, J. H. Pugh. 

When they came to this county, neither Mr. Chandler nor his part- 
ner "was abundantly blessed with this world's goods" and each was 
burdened with the necessity of providing a home for himself and wife. 
Each had youth, energy, good health, strength, a good library and bril- 
liant prospects. 

Mr. Peck built a small plain, two room cottage, at the edge of the 
bluff on the Verdigris, at the east end of Myrtle street, and Mr. Chandler 
another, scarcely more pretentious, on the opposite side of the same 
street, nearly a mile west ; these modest dwellings, which have been but 
slightly changed in the thirty years, or more, since they were erected. 
are often pointed out to strangers as the original habitations of the two 
bright and brainy young lawyers, who joined our bar in its infancy. 

In January, 1874, Mr. Peck assumed the duties of the office of 
United States Attorney for the District of Kansas, to which he had been 
recently appointed, and the co-i)artnership theretofore existing between 
him and Mr. Chandler was shortly after dissolved. Mr. Chandler soon 
afterward formed a partnership with his younger brother, Joseph Chand- 
ler, and this firm, under the name and style of Geo. & Jos. Chandler, con- 
tinued in the practice until January, 1883, when he went upon the bench, 
and thereafter served as Judge of the 11th Judicial District until in 
April, 1888, when he became First Assistant Secretary of the Interior 
at Washington, under General Noble, and served with distinction in that 
position to the end of General Benjamin Harrison's administration in 
1893. Since then Judge Chandler has remained in Washington in the 
practice of the law. 

Judge Chandler was, in many respects, a remarkable man. It were 



176 HISTORY OF MONTGOMUUY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

\iseless, in the liniiU'd Hpuce allotlcd to us lo attiMiipt more than a very 
inipevfeft descrijilion of him as lie was durinjj liis active jjractice and 
service on the liench liere. for a ijciiod of more than sixteen years. 

He was an imposinij- fijinre. Nature had moulded for him a massive 
frame, symmetrically constructed, and fully six feet tall, or more, with 
liroad shoulders, and had ^iven him a lofty yet somewhat awkward car- 
riajie. It had also furnished him a very large and perfectly formed head 
and stronjily carved features that at once marked him as a man of ex- 
traordinary jihysical and mental powers. 

He was well prepared when lie entered the practice here, early in 
1872, and by assiduous reading and study and the aid of a very retentive 
memoi-y, he, in a short time, became a learned and profound lawyer. 

With all hei- hnisli gifis. nature had imi)osed upon him some faults 
that detracted from that success which might have been his in the prac- 
tice, and shaded his career on the bench, where he displayed great ability. 

During his thirteen years of active i)ractice here his exceedingly 
sensitive nature, impetuous disposition and untutored temper, often 
made him unpleasant to opjiosing counsel, and, at times, disagreeable to 
his own clients, whom he sometimes severely lectured for getting into 
the trouble he was emjdoyed to extricate them from. The high esteem 
in which he was held by members of the bar and the imi)licit confidence 
his clients had in him — together with his undoubted sincerity and in- 
tense devotion to the interests of those whom he served — furnished am- 
ple reasons in court, bar and clients, to overlook these faults. 

Judge Chandler never entertained a very exalted opinion of the 
ability of a jury to settle "as of right it ought "to be settled"' complicated 
questions between litigant parties, and for that reason had a pitiable 
dread of entering upon the trial of a hotly contested case to a jury- 
he always mad^ every case he tried a '"hotly contested" one. 

During any term of court at which he Inid cases involving enarnest- 
ly disputed cjuestions of fact, he would dismiss, for the time being, the 
hilai'ious and rollicking ways with which he was accustomed to regale 
his many friends during vacation, and clothe him.*elf in an armor of^im- 
])atience, petulence and irascibility and enter the struggle and fight the 
battle or battles with all the vclicniciicc of a nature "tilled to the brim" 
with courage, industry, cnciuy. ;i<;,t;rcssi\cncss and unusual ability. 

In the i)ractice :\lr. Cliandlcr was cxcccdiiigiy painstaking in thor- 
oughly i)Osting himself on all questions of law involved in each of his 
cases; and under the prevailing practice, in the early days, the argu- 
ments of attorneys to the jury always preceded the general instructions 
of the court. Often one or more pivotal questions of law went far in de- 
termining the issues; and when that fact was brought to the attention of 
jurors, they eagerly watched for the instructions of the court to enlighten 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 177 

Iheii- understanding on such important quest .<)n or questions. Judge 
Cliaudler in those "davs of long ago" sometimes began to '"sum up" his 
case by addressing his remarks to the court on the questions of law in- 
volved and in that way influence the court in its instructions, which he 
rightly concluded would be of vital importance. To his credit it may be 
said, that he never, in that unsafe practice that was indulged by his pre- 
decessor on the bench, misled the court. The law authorizing the pecu- 
liar iiroceedure was amended in 1881, and since then the "beacon lights 
of the law'' are given by the court to the jury and opposing counsel in 
advance of argument. 

Judge Chandler's career on the bench began in January, 1883, and 
ended in April, 1889, and was distinguished by an unselfish devotion to 
duty, gi-eat energy and industry and signal ability. He carried to the 
bench the same impetuous disposition, quick temper and inclination to 
make unguarded remarks that were characteristic of him in the practice. 
While the jury was in attendance upon his coui't he rigorously exacted 
from the officers of the court the utilization of every moment of time. 
He was punctual to the instant, himself, and demanded the same prompt- 
ness from the members of the bar. The failure of an attorney to strictly 
observe this unyielding rule, rarel.y failed to draw from the court a 
severe lectui'e, that sometimes consumed more time than had been lost 
by the attorney's delay. In these lectures the topics of taxation and 
court exjienses were often discussed and in their delivery the court fre- 
quently neglected to discriminate and applied his suggestions to all 
members of the bar instead of the one whose conduct had induced the 
scolding. On account of the frequency of these censures and admoni- 
tions they lost much of their force with the attorneys ; yet they served to 
gi-eatly increase the popularity of the judge witli the unsophisticated 
who felt they never before could understand the 'iaw's delays." 

While such frequent outbursts from and unseemly conduct on the 
bench might seem to have emanated from a spirit of petty demagoguery, 
nothing can be more remote from the truth. In justice, it may be said, 
he never, by these, intended to wound the feelings of or do a wrong to 
another for his own aggrandizement. While it was somewhat foreign 
to his nature to offer an excuse or apologize for a wrong once done, he 
was absolutely senseless to any pain or sacrifice inflicted on himself in 
the performance of any public duty he undertook; and his sterling in- 
tegrity, self sacrificing devotion to duty, magnificent ability and the 
known absence of any intention to do wrong, furnished ample excuse to 
the sometimes tortured members of the bar, to overlook and forgive. 

Judge Chandler is now in Washington, D. C, practicing law, full of 
years, honors and experience and kindly remembered by his old friends 
<<)f the ilontgomerv county bar. 



1^8 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

JT'DGE JOHN N. HITTER, of ('olumbus, Kansas, was. in May, 188!), 
appointed br Governer L. U. Hnniplirey, Jndoe of the 11th Jndioial Dis- 
trict, to fill the vacancy cansed by the resignation of Judge George 
Chandler, to accept the office of First Assistant Secretary of the Inter- 
ior at Washington. At that time the terms of the District Court of the 
county were required to convene on the first Tuesday in Miarch, June and 
November. When Judge Ritter opened his fii-st term of court in the 
county, on the first Tuesday in June. 1889, there were on the bar docket, 
as follows: Four cases standing on demuri-er, eighteen criminal cases, 
sixty-seven civil jury and one hundred and sixty-four cases on the court 
docket; or a total of two hundred and fifty-three. Judge Ritter was 
without experience on the bench, and, of late years, had devoted much of 
his time to banking and was not in very robust health. Notwithstanding 
the great number of cases on the docket and the great district he was 
called upon to preside over, being the largest in the state, and his frail 
health, he acquitted himself creditably and gave general satisfaction. 

At the fall election of 188!t, he was the Republican candidate for the 
oflSce. against Hon. J. !». McCne. who was elected. Judge Ritter, after 
his defeat at the pollsj, held a short term of court in the county in No- 
ber, 1889, after which his health continued to decline and in a short time 
he died at Battle Creek, MJch., Avhence he had gone seeking a restoration 
of his broken health. 

JUDGE JEREMIAH D. McClE, the successor of Judge Ritter on the 
bench, opened his first regular term of court in the county on the first 
Tuesday of March, 1890. At that time, outside of the attorneys, the offi- 
cers of his court were, John W. Simpson, clerk ; Oliver P. Ergenbright, 
county attorney; Thomas F. Callahan, sheriff; John Callahan (after- 
ward county attorney for two terms i. under sheriff'; and George Gled- 
hil], reporter. 

The bar docket of that term showed three cases standing on de- 
murrer, fourteen criminal cases, thirty-five civil jury cases and 152 cases 
on the court docket, a total of 204. The election of Judge McCue was a 
surprise, notwith.standing his eminent fitness for the position was well 
known to the members of the bar. He had been in the active practice in 
the county for about twenty years and had ever entei-tained an aspira- 
tion to "don the judicial ermine." Yet, inasmuch as the Republican par- 
ty, which he had always opposed, had, before that time, easily elected its 
candidates to the high position, to which his laudable ambition led, it 
seemed to go without the saying that he could not successfully combat 
its nominee and the same party had also, in a race for the office several 
years before, mercilessly defeated him. A still greater surprise awaited 
the members of the bar and Mr. McCue's friends. In the practice and 
in his personal afi'airs he had been somewhat slack and improvident, 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 179 

while on the beuch he was at once a model judge. He was courteous 
aud kind to the officers of his court, patient with all, prompt and thor- 
ough in the discharge of his duties; and in the thorough knowledge of 
the law and in the appreciation of the duties of the oili'-c, he had never 
been excelled by any who have performed its duties. His rulings on evi- 
dence and pleadings were ready and accurate and his iiistruiti(ms to 
juries, brief, clear and comprehensive. 

AYhile filling the remaining one year of the vacancy created by the 
resignation of Judge Chandler, he became a candidate for the office 
agaiost Hon. A. B. Clark, who was the nominee of the Republican party. 
At the election. Judge McCue was successful, having ''run ahead of his 
ticket" and carried each county in the district. During the latter part 
of his second, or rather regular term, he was again a candidate and un- 
wisely made the race as an independent, without the endorsement or 
nomination of any political party, aud was defeated by Hon. Andrew H. 
Skidmore, of Columbus, Kans., the Republican nominee. Shortly after 
his retirement from the bench, Judge ISJ^cCue removed to Kansas City, 
Mo., and there entered the practice of his profession, where he is now 
engaged in that pursuit. 

The life of Judge MicCue typifies, in a high degree, the successful ca- 
reer of a self-made man. He was born of Irish lineage, at Cincinnati, 
Ohio, on March 3, 1843, and left, by the death of both parents, a home- 
less and friendless orphan, at the age of five years. When nine years old 
he was taken to Indiana and shortly after to the State of Illinois, where, 
he has said, he was "buffeted from place to place without a permanent 
home or kindred until the breaking out of the Civil War." 

Just thirteen days after Fort Sumpter was fired upon and on the 
2oth day of April, 1801, he, then a diminutive specimen of scarcely one 
hundred pounds in weight, enlisted in the Union Army, and thereafter, 
as a private soldier, served until honorably discharged on June 5. ISCo, 
because of serious wounds infiicted in battle at Fort Blakely, Ala., on 
April 9, of that year. His enviable record as a soldier does not belong 
to his career as a lawyer, and for that reason I refrain from further pur- 
suing his military life. 

On his return from the war, he at once began the study of law, in 
the office of Amos F. Watterman, at New Boston, 111., largely under 
Judge John S. Thompson, a lawyer of eminent qualifications. 

In the spring of 1867, at the age of twenty-four, after a searching 
examination, before the Supreme Court at Ottawa, 111., he was admitted 
to practice law and shortly afterward, alone and almost penniless, he 
started west and landed among strangers, it is said, barefooted and in 
scanty habiliments, in Oswego, Kans., in July, 1SG7. While there he soon 
won tor himself a place in the front rank of the renowned bar of that 



l80 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 

Youug ritv. Here he met aud couteiuled in the courts with smh hnvyers 
as Webb/Olasse. Bettis. Kimble. Perkins. Kishoi), Avers and other well- 
known and learned attorneys. 

Tu 1870. Judge MeCue formed a i)artiiersliii. with Hon. .J. K. Ziegler, 
under the firm name and style of McCue & Ziegler and entered the prac- 
tice at Independence. This copartnership was shortly afterward dis- 
solved aud thereafter Mr. :Mcrue continued in the practice alone until 
he was elected Judge of the District in ISSil. During his practice he was 
widely known as an accomplished lawyer and a man of extensive infor- 
mation. 

He was always, after coming to Kansas, a great reader and was {pos- 
sessed of a remarkable memory, which enabled him often in the trial of 
causes, to cite, unerringly, cases in point, giving the title of cases and the 
volume and page of the reports where they could be found. 

In the practice. Judge McCue was somewhat careless in fully in- 
forming himself on his evidence before going into trial, and sometimes 
indulged in the dangerous experiment of jdacing a witness on the stand, 
after but slightly informing himself of what such witness would testify 
to ; he. however, more than compensated for this lack, with his thorough 
knowledge of the law on every feature of his case. In the practice, he 
was fair and honorable and never resorted to any of the little devices or 
trickery that sometimes serve to deceive and to unfairly win a case. He 
ever scorned to engage in a case that contained a purpose to blackmail 
or extort or to needlessly blacken a i-eputation or assail a character. 

^^'hile Judge McCue's early education was sadly neglected his as- 
siduous reading of standard works and his fine natural talents had given 
him a ready command of the English language and made him an excep- 
tionally fluent orator. His t<peeches were clothed in chaste language, 
constructed of true logic and filled with thoughts on a high plane and de- 
livered in a pleasing voice and prescmc and generally with telling effect. 

JUDCE ANDREW H. SKID.MjOKK ((.uvt-ned his first term of court 
in the county on March 5, IS!)."). He had been elected as the Republican 
landidate in the fall election of 1804 over Judge McCue, by a decisive 
majority. When Judge Skidmore opened court there were on the trial 
(bx'ket 208 cases of which 13 stood on dumurrer, 11 were criminal, 69 civil 
jury and 115 court cases. At this time the district coiiii)rised three rap- 
idly growing counties (Montgomery, Labette and Cherokee) which then 
had an aggregate population of about 77.(MI() and this had increased to 
nearly lOO.OOO when, by an act of the Legislature, which went into effect 
on the 22d day of February, 1901, a new district (the Uth) was created, 
comprising Labette and Montgomery counties, which left Judge Skid- 
more ]>residing over the Eleventh District, then comprised of Cherokee 
County only, with a population of about 40,000. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. IS I 

After Judge Skiduiore's term as judge expired, iu January. 1903. 
he at once resumed the practice at Columbus, Kans., in copartnership 
with S. L. Walker, under the firm name and style of Skidmore & Walker. 

Before going on the bench, Judge Skidmore had, for years, been in 
the active practice at Columbus, Kans., where he had built up an exten- 
sive and lucrative business, and had met with unusual success as a prac- 
titioner. Wliilc. at the time he first ((hivciumI his court in the county, 
he may not liavc jidsscsscd the jn'ofouiid know led;;.- of the law that some 
of his' predeccssnis luul acquired, he (icin.nisnaied executive ability 
that had not been excelled in the office. In the trial of cases he promptly 
overruled or sustained objections to the introduction of testimony, 
without spending time to furnish reasons for his rulings and he generally 
disposed of motions and demurrers in the same summary manner. This 
course often occasioned severe complaints from some of the members of 
the bar, who had been in the habit of being favored with the court's 
reasons for its rulings and had often indulged the habit of combatting 
such reasons; yet such complaints did not serve to dissuade the court 
from its course, which undoubtedly saved much time. While a more 
mature consideration of many of the questions might have resulted in a 
safer interpretation of the law, yet by the adoption of the course suggest- 
ed, the popularity of the Judge was greatly increased with the public, 
and he was generally sustained by the Supreme Court iu such cases as 
were appealed. 

At the November, 1S98, general election. Judge Skidmore was the 
Republican candidate, as his own successor and was opposed in the race 
by Hon. Thomas H. Stanford, a prominent member of the bar in Mont- 
gomery County, who entered the race as the nominee of the two opposing 
parties (Democratic and People's). 

At the preceding annual election the combined vote in the district 
of the two opposing parties had far exceeded that of the Republican par- 
ty, and for that reason Mr. Stanford and his friends felt confident of his 
election, and were much astonished at the returns, which showed that 
Judge Skidmore had carried every county in the district. 

Judge Skidmore served out his term in Cherokee County and was 
succeeded in January, 1903, by Col. W. B. Glasse, a distinguished lawyer 
of Columbus, Kans. 

Judge Skidmore was born in Virginia on February 14, 1855, and re- 
ceived a liberal education at the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, 
in that State. He was admitted to practice on September 15, 1876, be- 
fore he had arrived at the age of majority and in the same year settled 
and commenced to practice law at Columbus, Kans., which he contin- 
ued, until elected Judge of the District Court as before stated. 

JUDGE THOMAS J. FLANNELLY, the present incumbent on the 



l82 HISTORY OK .MONTGOMERY COUNTY', KANSAS. 

iHMHh. \v;is ai)i»uiiU"(l to the office l.y (tov. jr^lanley. in February. 1901. TUe 
Le'iislature. by au act that weut into force on the 22(1 day of February, 
l!Mil. had created the Fourteenth Judicial District out of that part of 
ihe i:ie\eii1h coniprisins' the counties of l.abette and MJontgouiery, leav- 
ing r'herokee County only, in the Eleventh. 

Judge Flauuelly had not sought the office, to which a number of 
prominent attorneys in this and Labette County were earnest aspirants. 
To These, as well as tlie people generally, his appointment was a sur- 
prise, and to many of the active candidates and their friends, a disap 
l>oinrn,ent. He, however, had presided over the court but a short time, 
uulii his peculiar fitness for the high office was universally conceded. 
He was elected as his own successor in the fall election of 1902 and be 
gan liis full term of four years in Jantiary. I!t03. 

Judge Flannelly was born in Cincinnati. Ohio, on March 23, 1808, 
and thereafter lived at Newport. Kentucky, until 13 years of age. when 
he moved to Kansas with his jiarents, who settled at Chetopa in Labette 
County. He graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Laws at the Uni- 
versity of Kansas in June. 1800, having jtreviously taken the degree of 
l!ac!i/-lni- of Arts at the St. Louis University. He was, upon his gradua- 
tidii al tlie Kansas T'niversity. admitted to the Bar of Douglas County 
and li;;s since, until his appointment as Judge, pursued the practice. 

The Judge first entered the practice at Topeka, in 1890, and contin- 
ued there for two years, when he moved to Kansas City, Mo., and became 
a member of the law firm of Beardsley, Gregory & Flannelly. After prac- 
ticing four years in Kansas City, as a member of this firm, he, in Jan- 
uary. 189G, located at Chetopa, in Labette County, Kans., where he pur- 
sued his profession for four years and then, in January, 1901, located at 
Oswego, where, in i»artnershiii with Judge Ayres, he was pursuing his 
profession when appointed Judge of the District Court. 

Se.'tiun IV. 
County Attorneys 
C.OODULL FOSTER was elected the first couty attorney in Novem- 
ber, I Mi!). Ai tlie same time a permaneut county seat was selected and :> 
full (1 11] IS of county officers chosen. Afterward, in a contest growing 
out ot ihat election, before the Trobate Court of Wilson County, to 
which Mioiitgomery was tlien attached for judicial purposes, the court 
declared the election unauthorized and void. After that, none of the 
counly officers so elected, qualified, except Edwin Foster, who had been 
elected county surveyor. He took the oath of office and entered upon the 
discharge of its duties. At that time a most urgent and popular demand 
jircvailed for the services of a competent civil engineer to locate the cor- 
ners and lines of the various claims. Mr. Foster qualified in response 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 1 83 

to tlii': deniaiul and his work was generally satisfactory and cheerfully 
acquiesced in. until the official survey of the lands by the government. 

Early in ISTd. (loodell Foster moved to Indepeneuce and shortly 
afterward formed a copartnership for the i>ractice of the law with O. 
P. Smart, under the firm name and style of Smart & Foster; and while 
this lirm existed, it was prominent in the litigation carried on in those 
early days. Mr. Foster, however, from the beginning, had an aversion 
to the practice and developed a decided propensity to deal in real estate, 
and soon after beginning the practice here, retired from it and became 
engaged in buying and selling real estate on his own account and as the 
agent for others, which business he has successfully carried on at Inde- 
pendence for about thirty years, during which time he has bought, sold or 
exchanged a vast number of tracts of land. 

CLAYTON M. RALSTIN was the first county attorney who ever per- 
formed the duties of the office in the county. He was appointed to fill the 
position in the spring of 1870 and served until Frank Willis was chosen 
at the regular November, 1870, election. Mi-. Ralstin was a notable and 
highly esteemed man among the early pioneers of the county. He was 
born in Brown County, Ohio, November 14, 1840, and afterward moved 
to Fulton County, 111., where he lived on a farm and was educated at 
the High School at Lewistown in that county, and afterward read law 
at the same place in the offices of Judge Hope and I. C. Judd. He was 
then, in May, 1863, admitted to practice law at Springfield, 111. 

The next year, and on December 15, 1884, he began the practice at 
Prescott, Ariz., and remained there till 1809, when he came to Independ- 
ence, and was the first attorney here. H;e remained here until in April, 
1890, when he moved with his family to Stillwater, Oklahoma Territory, 
where he was admitted to practice law in April, 1891, and died at that 
place January 2, 1892. 

Mr. Ralstin was a man of medium height and slender build and wore 
an immense beard. He was very active and industrious and had a va- 
ried experience in life. He had been a farmer, a merchant, a real estate 
agent, an abstractor, a lawyer and an official, and, at times, pursued 
more than one of these useful vocations at the same time. 

He had practiced law and farmed in Arizona, at Independence he 
dealt in lumber and hardware and pursued his profession ; and at the 
same place was at one time Register of the United States Land Office, 
and a1 times farmed, made abstracts and bought and sold realty. In 
a closely contested suit Mr. Ralstin was a valuable man on account of 
his ability to look up and arrange the evidence in the case. Few, if any, 
members of the bar ever excelled or equalled him in learning thefacts per- 
taining to the controversies in the courts. He was also a most genial 
man and the hospitality of his home was ever ojien to his many friends. 



n84 HISTORY OF MOXTGOMEUY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

HOX. FRANK WILLlt^ was elected fouiity attorney in November. 
187(1. and served two years. He was a large, tleshy young- man, awkward 
in his motions and had a deep, droll voice. In many things he was inno- 
cent a!id easily imposed upon, yet nature had provided him with a natu- 
ral analytical mind and he was a man of sterling integrity and of great 
energ\. After serving Jiis term as county attorney, he embarked in the 
drug business at Independence and then, finding himself unqualified 
for that untried vocation, sold out and emigrated with his family to the 
Pan Handle of Texas and entered the practice of his profession with 
varying results. 

At the time Mr. Willis went to Texas the country there was. in the 
main. i)eoj)led with cattle men who were aggressive and somewhat domi- 
neering. Hie was. in a short time, elected Judge of the District or Circuit 
Court and his rulings failing to accord with the views of the controlling 
element of the country, measures were inaugurated to depose him. The 
lower house of the Legislature of Texas presented articles of impeach- 
ment against him and these seem to have been sujjported by such evi- 
dence, tiiat Mr. ^Villis' aiiorneys became discouraged and feared it use- 
less t>' argue the case. \vlii'rcii]ion, on a broiling hot day, Ml-. Willis made 
the closing speech of two hours duration in his own defense, which is 
said !(• liave been masterly, and so logical, and delivered with such mag- 
iiilir,-ni sincerity that he was at once acquitted and thereafter returned 
to his duties as Judge, with the respect of all, till his death, about 1897. 

HON. JOHN I). HINKLE was elected county attoreny in November, 
1S7(;. and served two terms, ending in January, 1881. At the time of 
his election to this important office he was but twenty-five years of age 
and had not yet distinguished bimself at the bar. to which he had been 
admitted about two years before (September 12. 1S74) after having read 
law :u the office of Judge J. D. McCue. He succeeded A. B. Clark, one of 
the most vigorous prosecutors the county has ever had. He was natural- 
ly a modest and retiring yoiuig nuin and at that time, beardless and 
boyish looking, and did not imi)ress the pid)lic with the real ability his 
close friends at the bar knew he possessed. It was. however, soon learned 
that he was endowed with fine judgment and that in his quiet and unas- 
suming way. he was a very successful prosecutor. It was also recog- 
nized that he used sound judgment in disposing of such of the financial 
affairs of the county as were intrusted to him. At the end 
of his first term, he was reelcted and after having served four years, left 
a fine official I'ecord and then located at Cherry vale, where he divided 
his time in the practice of his profession and in editing a paper in 
whicli he had a((|uire<l an interest. 

Ill iss;!. Mi-. Ilinkle moved to the Territory of Wyoming and in 188"). 
was s. Icctcd and served as luosccutiiig attorney for a term of two years. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 1 85 

Ho tlifii lociiiod ;it thf city of Sjiokaue, where he served four years as the 
city justice <if tlie peace and was afterward elected to the iiiijiortaDt and 
responsible office of -liidjie of the ^Municipal Court of Spokane, Wash., 
on a salary of |2.r)()() per year, which position he now fills to the satis- 
factit'U of the public and with credit to himself. 

Mr. Hinkle was born at AYest Salem, in Edwards County, 111., on 
December .31. 18.51, and was reared on a farm. He attended school in his 
I)oyhood days and before beginning the study of law had taught in Kan- 
Mr. Hinkle is now .'L' years old and in prime health and has but 
slightly cliaiigvd fiuni wliai he ujipeared when he left the State some 
twenty years ago. 

EDWARD VAX (UNDY was the next county attorney. He was 
elected to the office in November, 1880, and served one term, ending in 
January, 1883. 

Mr. ^'an (Jundy was born in Fountain County, Tnd., .January 22, 
18ri.5, and moved to Independence with his parents, who were among the 
first settlers here. His father, Samuel Van Gundy, at an early day, built 
the brick residence at the east end of Main street, now owned and occu 
pied by Captain L. C. Miison and family, and was at one time treasurer 
of the county. 

Edward Van Gundy spent his youth here till about 187.5, when he 
went to Texas and became secretary to McDonald & Co., contractors 
of public buildings in that state. He spent about two years in that po- 
sition, during which time he began the study of law under Governor 
Davis, of Austin, Texas, and subsequently returned to Indeitendence and 
spent his time teaching district schools and studying law, till he was 
admitted to the bar, about 1878. 

Shortly after vacating his ofBce he located and began the 
practice of his profession at Pittsburg, in Crawford County, Ivans., and 
was soon elected county attorney of that county and filled the of- 
fice one term. He then became actively engaged in the general practice 
and became one of the most prominent members of the Crawford County 
bar, and had built up a lucrative business, when, in 1804, he went to Hot 
Springs, Ark., in a vain effort to recover his broken health and, at that 
famous resort, died on September 20, of that year. 

Mr. Van Gundy was by nature, a talented man. He posses.sed a fine 
and well-cultivated legal mind. Aided by these qualities, he could, by 
close application, have made of himself a brilliant lawyer. During his 
professional career at Independence, he was Inclined to spend too much 
of his time in the indulgence of the passing pleasures of the hour. Af- 
ter going to Pittsburg, he married and settled down and devoted himself 



l86 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

more closely to the pursuit of his profession and before he died had es- 
tablished a tine practice. 

HON. JEREMIAH D. McCUE was the sixth county attorney, having 
been elected as the successor of Edward Van Gundy, in November, 1880. 
Mr. McCue served but one term, during which he exercised his recogniz- 
ed ability in the administration of the duties of the office. Inasmuch 
as I have already written of him. under the chapter devoted to theJudges 
of the District Court, I deem it unnecessary to add anything further 
here. 

SAMUEL C. ELLIOTT was elected county attorney in November. 
1881.and served two successive terms, the last of which ended in January. 
1889. During the four years that he served in the office he won the re- 
spect and confidence of all. and after retiring, contrary to the usual ex- 
perience of lawyers who serve as public officers, he at once established 
and for several j^ears, while his health lasted, maintained a lucrative 
practice. 

Mr. Elliott was born at Paris, Edgar County, 111., on March 10, 
1857, and when ten years of age, moved with his parents to Oswego, 
Kans., where he was educated in the schools of that <"ity. Several years 
before he had attained the age of majority, he aided the Clerk of the Dis- 
trict Court of Labette County, where he accjuired a familiarity with the 
duties of that office, which afterward became very useful to him in the 
practice. 

He then, at about the age of IS, entered the office of Messrs. Webb 
& Glasse, attorneys at Oswego, Kaus.. and began the study of law, and 
in about two years or less, had become well posted in the rudiments of 
the science, but being a minor, was not entitled to admis.sion to prac- 
tice. In 1S7G. ^^•hile waiting to come of age. he entered the office of Wm. 
Dunkin as a clerk and continued his studies till the June. 1877, term in 
Labetfe County, when he was thoroughly examined in open court, and, 
having ])assed an unusually fine exanunation, was admitted to practice. 

After his admission to the bar. Mr. Elliott located at Independence 
but did not at once acquire a ]iayiiig ]ir;ictice. and for several years de- 
voted iiiosi of his time assisting tlic county clerk and the clerk of the dis- 
trict coiui as deputy. The reputation lie won while county attorney 
crtMtcii a (Iciiiaiid for his i>rofessional services outside of his publicdutiea 
(luring liis otiicial career and at the end of his last term he met no diffi- 
cnln ill liuilding up a haiidsonie practice, which he retained as long as 
his 1 callli pcniiittcd. 

Mr. I'JIiotI was a wai-ni licaiicd and genial man. that is. toward his 
frieiuN. lint lie never excited liiiuself to (.iease those he did not like. He 
was a man of ver\ positi\e opinions on ail subjects he had investigated 
;in(l when he lirsi began the duties of a useful life, was very dogmatic 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^, KANSAS. I 87 

iiiul (oiiiliativc. and ever roady to argue his side of the question with 
all eoniers. As he grew older and his time was more taken up with his 
legal business, he became more di])lomatic. 

He had a clear, analytical mind, good judgment and a quick, keen 
insight into legal questions. He was usually ready, on the spur of the 
moment, to give an accurate opinion on the law of a case. He was en- 
abled to do this, from his thorough knowledge of Blackstone's Com- 
mentaries — which he acquired early in life — and his talent for quick ap- 
plication. 

He had and deserved the implicit confidence of his clients, to whose 
interests he was devoted. He was successful in the practice and rarely 
lost a suit, as he had wi-sely adopted the policy of settling by compro- 
mise, such of his cases as he thought he could not successfully litigate. 
In the trial of a case, he was earnest and able and never stated to the 
court a proposition of law he did not believe, and presented to the jury 
only such facts as he thought were true. These qualities, with his evi- 
dent sincerity and earnest and logical presentation of his cases and the 
well known probity of his character, very generally brought him success. 

Mr. Elliott, after a lingering and painful affliction, extending over 
several years, died on May .30, 1900, sincerely mourned by a host of ad- 
mirers and friends. 

All of the seven remaining county attorneys are in the active prac- 
tice in the county, except John Callahan, who is at present at Kansas 
City, Mo., and he may return here. Tn view of this, it is deemed more 
pro])er to include them in the list of practicing attorneys, who have not 
closed their respective professional careers at the bar of the county and 
who will be treated in the next chapter of this article. 

It may be observed that all the county attorneys who served in the 
two decades from 1870 to 1890. except A. P.". Clark and O. P. Ergenbright, 
who served in 1889, none remain in the practice here; and that all who have 
served since 1890 to the present time, except John (Callahan, are active- 
ly pursuing their profession in the county. 

A list of all the county attorneys is as follows : 

Goodell Foster, elected in 1869, and the election declared void. 

Clayton M. Ralstin, appointed in 1870, served nearly one year. 

Frank Willis, elected Xovember, 1870. one term till January, 1873. 

Arthur P. Clark elected November, 187ii, served two terms till Jan- 
uary, 1877. 

John D. Hinkle. elected November, 187G, served two terms till Jan- 
uary, 1881. 

Edward Van Gundy, elected November, 1880, served one term till 
January, 188.3. 

Jeremiah D. McCue, elected November, 1882. served one term till Jan- 
uary, 1885. 



l88 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Fiiiiniel C. Elliott, elected November, 1SS4, served two terms till 
Januiu-y. 1880. 

Oliver P. Ergenbriglit. elected November. 18SS, served one term till 
January, 1801. 

James K. Cliai-Kou. elected November. 1800, served one term till Jan- 
uary, 1803. 

'SVilliam l^dward Ziegler. elected November, 1802, served two terms 
till Jfinuary, 1807. 

John Callahan, elected November. 180G, served two terms till Jan- 
uary, loni. 

James Howard Dana, elected November, 1000. served one term till 
January. lOd:?. 

.Mayo Thomas, elected November, 1002, present incumbent. 

Section V. 

Attorneys 
Since the organization of the counly there have been admitted to 
practice law at its bar, over 17(1 members. It would be an endless task 
to find and record, with perfect accuracy, the antecedents of each ; and it 
may be truthfully said that such events as have transpired in the pro- 
fessional lives of nmny of them, furnish but little or no information that 
would be of interest in a history of the bench and bar of the county. 
The loose restrictions and disregard of the law that have prevailed with 
at least one of the judges who presided over our courts, opened an easy 
way for admission to the bar; and as a consequence of this, many have 
been accepted who had but little or no preparation and without being 
required to submit themselves to the usual tests as to their qualifica- 
tions. These unprepared yet formally, qualified members have gener- 
ally borne their honors in silence in the district court, where they have 
sometimes exei'cised their prerogative to a seat among the active mem- 
bers, and have always, in their discretion, been exemjjt from duty on a 
jiotit jury. Tn justice to many of them it may be said that notwithstand- 
ing I he pi'oud distinction they have enjoyed of being among the elect, 
whose science they have not practiced, they have been useful and honor- 
ed citizens in other pursuits. 

In wriiing a sketch of each member 1 feel the best course to pursue, 
is to brielly note the antecedents of each before his admission to the bar, 
and refrain fi'om commenting at length on any of those who are yet in 
the jutive iiradice here. H'owever pleasant and inviting it would be to 
write of many of the jiresent practicing members and record their 
achie\-enients in the ]irofession. such a course would manifestly be in- 
vidious and embarassing to many of the active practitioners, whose ca- 
reer at the bar is not ended. It would be equally objectionable under strict 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 189 

rules of propriety to coniinent upon the characteristics, mental qualifica- 
tions and legal attainments of a local practicing attorney, as that would 
tend to shock the finer sensibilities and appear as an advertisement 
rather than a history, which can only be properly written as to each 
member at the end of the subject's career in the profession. 

A list of all members of the Montgomery county bar, with the 
date of the admission of each to the bar of the county (so far as I have 
been able to ascertain the dates) alphabetically arranged, is as followa: 

Andrews, Lindlay M., admitted October, 1870. 

Armstrong, Benjamin M., admitted May 7, 1871. 

Ayi"es, Thomas G., admitted autumn, 1880. 

Begun, Edward L., admitted about 1885. 

Barwick, J.J., admitted about 1870. 

Barr, Samuel H.. June 29, 1889. 

Banks. William N.. September 1. 1891. 

Bartlett, W. F., admitted 1871. 

Bass, Nathan, admitted May 9, 1870. 

Beardsley, E. M., admitted August, 1871. 

Bellamy," J. F., admitted 1891. 

Bennett, Martin V. B., admitted about 1870. 

Bertenshaw, Johu, admitted March 27, 1894. 

Biddison, A. J., admitted about 188.5. 

Billings, Arthur, admitted Reptemlier 15, 1902. 

Black, George A., admitted about 1873. 

Blackburn. J. W., admitted May, 1871. 

Blair. A. V., admitted May, 1871. 

Bristol, Xorris B., admitted August. 1872. 

Brown, D. B., admitted May 9, 1870. 

Brown, Joseph D.. admitted September. 1896. 

Brown, C. S., admitted about 1871. 

Broadhead, J. F., admitted about 1875. 

Brown. Robert, admitted April, 1872. 

Burchard. George ^Y., admitted November. 1871. 

Burnes. R. E., admitted May, 1871. 

Campbell, E. L., admitted about 1871. 

Cass, Phillip H., admitted November .3. 1899. 

Callahan, John, admitted March 25, 1893. 

Cavenaugh, Patrick, admitted 1887. 

Chandler. George, admitted April 3, 1872. 

Chandler. Joseph, admitted March, 1875. 

Charlton. James R., admitted March 1, 1881. 

Clark, Arthur B., admitted November 27, 1871. 

Clark, Edgar M.. admitted 1879. 



I90 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Clark. W. G.. admitted M«t, 1870. 

Cox. Albert, admitted 1894. 

Cox, Ira E., admitted 1894. 

Cottou, John S., admitted April, 1873. 

( onrtrifiht, Percy L., admitted August, 1899. 

Craig. .loseiih B.'. admitted Mtiy, 1870. 

Cree. Natliau. admitted October, 1872. 

Cutler, E. R., adiuirted October 30. 1870. 

Parnell, D. Y., admitted about 1871. 

Davis, John M., admitted Mtiy .">. 1902. 

Davis, C. M., admitted April, 1872. 

Devore, Benjamin F.. admitted 1871. 

DeLong, James, admitted about 1871. 

Donaldson, Samuel, admitted August, 1872. 

Dooley. Henry C, admitted 1890. 

Dunliin, William, admitted April, 1873. 

Dunnett, Daniel W., admitted 1870. 

Dempsey. T. E., admitted May, 1885. 

Elliott. Samuel C, admitted 1877. 

Ellis, C. W„ admitted 1870. 

Elliott, D. Stewart, admitted 1885. 

Emerson. J. D., admitted October, 1870. 

Ergenbright, Oliver P., admitted 1883. 

Evans, Elijah, admitted April 7, 1872. 

Fletcher, Charles, admitted 1901. 

Fay, Elmer W.. admitted 1870. 

Fifzpatrick, G. W.. admitted 1897. 

Foster, Goodell, admitted May, 187(». 

Foster, Emery, admitted August, 1888. 

Fritch, Felex'j., admitted 1890. 

Freeman, Luther, admitted June 20, 1895. 

Gaines, Bernard, admitted August, 1871. 

Gamble. James D., admitted 1870. 

(Jardner, Xaiioleon B.. admitted November 1. 1870. 

Giltner. Barsabas, admitted in 1898. 

Citrord, , admitted about 1880. 

Gilmore, George E.. admitted November 18, 1898. 

(iiass. Daniel, admitted Mhy, 1870. 

Grant, H. D., admitted 1871. 

Hall. S. A., admitted Novembci'. 1871. 

Harrod. William J., admitted August, 1872. 

Harrison. Thomas, admitted M:ay 9. 1870. 

Hasbrook. L. I'.ciijamiii, admitted August. 1871. 



msTdltV OK MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Hastings, Elijah D., admitted September, 1878. 

Helphingstiiie, John A., admitted May 9, 1870. 

Henderson, Benjamin F., admitted June, 1879. 

Hendrix, W. R.. admitted May, 1871. 

Herring, Ebenezer, admitted 1871. 

Higby, A. T., admitted October, 1870. 

Hill, Riifus J., admitted May 9, 1870. 

Hinkle, John ]).. admitted September 12, 1874. 

Hr)ldren, Josei)h W.. admitted July, 1898. 

Humphrey, Lyman T'., admitted May, 1871. 

Jennings. T. h.. admitted May 9, 1870. 

John, James Mv, admitted September, 1876. 

Judson, L. C, admitted MViy 13, 1870. 

Kountz, James, admitted 1888. 

Kerrheval, R. P., admitted about 1880. 
Keith, John H.. admitted November, 1893. 

Light, Mi B., admitted May, 1870. 

Locke. William M., admitted April, 1872. 

Loring, , admitted about 1871. 

Martin. W. W., admitted about 1876. 
Matthews, Elmer E., admitted December 30, 1884. 
Matfhews. Selvin Y., admitted December, 1880. 
Merrill, William A., admitted March, 1898. 
Mills, J. A., admitted August, 1872. 
Moon, J. J., admitted December, 1871. 
Moore, Yin W.. admitted March 28, 189.5. 
Moorehouse. S. B., admitted October. 1870. 
McCue. Jeremiah D.. admitted 1870. 
McEniry, MSchael, admitted April 17, 1874. 
McYean, J. H., admitted about 1870. 
McFeeters, W. S., admitted May, 187(i. 
McClelland, George W., admitted 1896. 
McWright, W., admitted October, 1870. 
McDermott, S. F., admitted Mjirch 9, 1880. 
Xichols, Reuben, admitted November 1, 1870. 
Orr, J. A., admitted 1894. 
O'Connor, William T., admitted about 1880. 
Osborn, Roy, admitted March 2. 1901. 
Page, John Q., admitted August, 1871. 
Parsons, Alzamon M.. admitted March 6. 1807. 
Parks, B. F., admitted about 1878. 
Peacock, Thomas W.. admitted August, 1872. 
Peck, George R., admitted April 3, 1872. 



192 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 

I'.'ckliaiii. t'haili's J.. adinittiMl about 1871. 
I'ctrci. William A., aduiittt-d 187."). 
iVikiiis. Luther, adinitted June :2S. 1895. 
IVttil.oiie, S. H., admitted alumt 1881. 
riper. Seth H.. admitted July 3. 1889. 
J'oiter. Samuel ^I.. admitted Marcli. 1881. 
Fuirell. George W.. admitted about 1895. 
Kossiter, J. I*., admit ti>d June L'8. 1898. 
Kalstin. Clayton :\I.. admitted May 9, 1870. 
Salathiel, Thomas S.. admitted 1894. 
If^cott, Howard, admitted January, 1898. 
Scudder, John M.. admitted 1870. 
Shannon, Osborn. admitted about 1871. 
Showalter, John W., admitted August, 1871. 
Sickafoose, Michael, admitted April, 1873. 
Snuirt, Oliver P., admitted May 9, 1870. 
Siielling. George R.. admitted about 1899. 
Sjiencer. Samuel F., admitted 1879. 
Stanford. Thomas H.. admitted March 18, 1885. 
Ste],hens(in. L. T., admitted 187tl. 
Si.-wait. Joseph, admitted about 1889. 

Sweeney, , admitted Decendier 12, 1872. 

Swatzeil, Philip L., admitted ]S!(2. 

Sylvester, W. O.. admitted April, 1872. 

Soule, Martin Bradford, admitted Mareli, 1884, 

Shewalter, M', ('., admitted De.'end.er 10, 1887. 

Taylor. Wilbur F.. admitted about 1880, 

Thomi.sou, J. :M.. admitted about 1882. 

Thompson, Calvin C, admitted December 23, 1880. 

Thomas, Mayo, adinitted 1897. 

Tilil)ils, W. H., adinitted A] nil 17, 1874. 

Turner, William F., admitted 1S70. 

\anGundy, Edward, admitted Sc|ilcmbcr 10, 1879. 

Wagstaff, Thomas E., admittc.l An-iist 12, 1899. 

V. ade, Kifhard A., admitted Sc|iicml.er 4. 1879. 

Waters, L. C. admitted about 1S7S. 

Wagner, Marshall ().. admitted about 1S71. 

Warner. George W., admitted .May, 1871, 

Watkiiis, W. H., admitted alumt 1S7(), 

AVeston, Samuel, admitted March, 1879. 

■^■jggiiis, S. T., admitted alxnit 1897, 

Willis, A. 1)., admitted August 1871. 

Willis. Frank, admitted 1S7(). 



' HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 193 

\Vris;lit. (Jieenbuiy. iuliiiitted Atigust, 1871. 

Wilson. Albeit L.". admitted Sei>tember 9, 1882. 

W yckoff. Cornelius, iidniitted Miiy 9, 1870. 

York. Alexander M., ndinilted August, 1871. 

Ziegler. William E., admitted March, 1880. 

Zenor. Winfleld S.. admitted about 1880. 

Ziegler, Joseph B., admitted 1870. 

T.INDLAY ir. ANDREWS was admitted to the bar of Montgomery 
County in October. 1870, on a certificate of his admission to practice in 
the Courts of Record in Missouri. 

He never afterward engaged here, to any extent, in the practice 
and for a time was engaged in editorial work and also participated in 
some litigation over the title of lands situated near the southeast corner 
of the city, in which he was interested. Some time in the 70's he left In- 
dependence and has never returned. 

BENJAMIN M. ARMSTRONG, at one time a leading member of the 
bar, pursued his juofession here until a few months before he died, on the 
9th day of :March, 1889. He was born at Sheridan, in Lasalle County, 
111., on December 2.5. 1842. and was reared on a farm in that county. He 
pursued farming in the country of his nativity until he arrived at man's 
estate, when he took up the study of law and thereafter was graduated 
from the Cincinnati. Ohio, Law School, in 1867. In 1868 he was admitted 
to the bar at Ottawa, 111., and was the same year chosen city attorney of 
Ottawa, which ottice he satisfactorily filled for two years. 

Late in 1870. he moved to Kansas, in the rush of pioneers who were 
then ra])idly peoi)ling the country. At first he selected a claim north- 
west of Indejiendence. near Elk River, to which he afterward acquired 
the title. During the time of his practice at Independence, from 1871 to 
1889. he was city attorney for four years. 

Mr. Armstrong was by nature a strong man. and possessed those 
elements that would have enabled him to have become a fine lawyer. He 
lacked, alone, that close application to study, that is so essential to rise 
to disinction in the profession. He was a genial, companionable man 
and inclined to enter upon the trial of his cases without thorough prep- 
ration, and with too much dependence upon the gifts with which nature 
had endowed him. The analyzing character of his mind was very appar- 
ent in his cross examination of an adverse witness, where the display 
of his discriminating powers clearly marked him as a man who could 
have won fame as a scientific lawyer of high order. 

He died on March 9, 1889. after a lingering illness, in the prime 
of liis life, respected and regretted by the early members of the bar. that 
had known him as a man, who, by nature, had possessed a fine legal 
mind. 



194 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

THO.ALAS (J. AYRES was born at Andover. 111., on May 7, 1842. and 
resided there until he was admitted to the bar at Cambridge, 111., Febru- 
ary 25, 1871. He moved to Coflfeyville May 25, 1880, and there engaged in 
the banking business in company with Mr. Steele, under the firm name 
of Ayres & Steele. This firm was afterward dissolved and in its stead 
The I'^irst National l^ank of Coffeyville was organized, and Mr. Ayres 
continued in the business for some years with the new organization. In 
1893 he retired from banking and went to Sioux City, Iowa, where he 
became engaged as treasurer of a wholesale grocery company till Decem- 
ber, 1804, when he resigned and returned to Cott'eyville. and, in that 
place, in the spring of 1895, resumed the practice of law, which he has 
followed since. He is now a member of the law firm of Ayres & Dana, 
of Colfeyville. He has never held any public ofiice, except he served one 
terra as mayor of Cofl'eyville. 

EDWARD L. BEGUN was located in the practice at Cherry vale dur- 
ing several years, about 1885 to 1888. He was a man of marked ability and 
was a fluent and impressive speaker. His frail health during the time 
he practiced here, furnished an effective obstacle to that success which 
otlierwise might have been his. He died about 1888. or 1889. 

J. J. RAR\A'ICK was one of the early members of the bar of Mont- 
gomery County and did some practice extending over a number of years. 
In the i)ra<-tice he was technical and inclined to be contentious. He died 
here .•' few years ago at a very ripe age. 

SAMl'EL H. BARR was actively engaged in the practice at Cauey, 
Kans., after his admission to the bar, and pursued the same until recent- 
ly, when he became interested in enterprises connected with natural gas 
and oil develoiimont of the country, which for the time, engages most of 
his time. 

Mr. Barr was born at Mrginia, in ('ass County, 111., and afterward 
lived with his jiarents successively at the following places: Beardstown 
and Rock Island, 111., and on a farm just northwest of Independence, 
Kans., where they located in the spring of 1878. While living on this 
farm, 'Mr. Barr attended and taught school and in vacoti"" '•^i-'Ared most 
of the time at fanning, until he began the study of law and was admitted 
to ])ractice. Shortly after being admitted he settled at Caney. where he 
I)ractjced for twelve years. He still resides there, where he is now the 
office inanager of The Caney (ias Comi)any and The Caney Brick Com- 
])any, in both of which coni])anies he is a stockholder and an officer. 

WILLIAM N. r.ANKS is now in the active ju-actice as the senior 
member of ilic law tirni of Banks & Billings. He was born at Hobart,Ind., 
on August 1.". IS(i.", ,in<l at the age of six years moved, with his parents, 
to this county, wlicic lie li:is since resided. He was reared on a farm 
until lie was al I I wen I. \ seven years of age, when, on Octover 1. 1892, 



UISTOKY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 195 

he wont into the office of Hon. A. B. Clark and began to study law. He 
a(i|uired a good education during his residence on the farm by attending 
and teaching the local schools during the winter months, and when 
nineteen years of age he entered, and studied for two years, at the I'er- 
due I'niversity at Purdue, Ind. 

Mr. Banks has never served in any public office, excejit as clerk of 
Fawn Creek Township one term, and as member of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Independence two terms. 

\A'. F. BARTLETT came to Independence from Washington, D. C, 
abouf 187] and joined our bar and entei-ed the practice, which he pur- 
sued but a short time, when he returned to the National Capital. Be- 
fore coming here he had had considerable experience in the practice in 
some of the Govermental Departments at Washington, and that which he 
had learned in the General Land Office "stood him well in hand" here 
at the time, as many of the decisions there were applicable to conditions 
here. He was a man of ability, highly educated and of engaging address 
and a brilliant conversationalist. 

N.\THAN BA8S was admitted at the first term of court in the coun- 
ty, on the certificate of his admission to practice in Missouri. He began 
the practice in partnership with Elmer Fay, at Old Liberty, under the 
firm name of Bass & Fay, and was one of the attorneys in the unsuccess- 
ful suit brought to compel the county officers to move their offices from 
Indejtendence to Liberty where he was located. 

The defeat of this litigation paved an easy way for Independence 
to ac(!uire the unquestioned county seat. Mr. Bass did not long remain 
in the practice, and after retiring from it he served one term as county 
superintendent of schools and then moved to Colorado, where he died. 

E. M. BEARDSLEY was a conspicuous character at an early day in 
the county, owing to his active participation in its financial affairs. He 
was at one time clothed with the most important ])owers by the board of 
counts commissioners, in connection with the .flldO.OOO in bonds that had 
been voted to the L. L. & G. R. R. Co. The recital of his principal acts 
and a review of his record more properly belong to another portion of 
the county's history. It may be said that in the heyday of his power and 
influence he was admitted to the bar. He never became a learned mem- 
ber of the profession nor indulged in the practice, and, sometime in the 
70's, left the county. 

JOHN F. BELLAMY was born in Switzerland County, Ind., in 1843, 
and was afterward graduated as Master of Arts from De'Pauw Universi- 
ty at (ireencastle. Ind. He then, for several yeai-s, taught in the higher 
branches. He was successively principal of Wilmington Academy at 
Wilmington. Ind.. Mt. Carmel Union High School at Mt. Carmel. HI., 
and Sjrring Street School at New .\lbany, Ind. He then, owing to fail- 



1 96 HISTORY OP MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

iug liealtli, abiiiuloned teaching and took up the study of law, and, in 
1870, was admitted to the bar at iladisou, lud., where he theu settled 
and i)ui-sued his profession until 1885, when, owing to ill health, he 
moved to Girard. Kans., and subsequently, in 1891, to Cherryvale, Kans., 
where he has since })racticed law. While in Indiana Mr. Bellamy was 
twice elected and served two tei-ms as prosecuting attorney of the Fifth 
Judicial Circuit, from 1877 to 1881; he also, at Girard, Kans., filled 
one term as jiolice judge and is now serving his fifth year as city attor- 
ney of Cherryvale. 

MARTIN Y. B. BENNETT, now living at Columbus, Kans., was ad- 
mitted to practice law, in the couuty. at an early day, and at one time he, 
in partnership with J. D. Gamble, under the firm name of Bennett & Gam- 
ble, did a flourishing business in the practice, and as real estate agents. 
Mr. I'.ennett, in s<niic rcspciis. was a very remarkable man. He had a 
quick, alert mind and a cniinuand of language that was wonderful. He 
was fond of public speaking, and in the practice and in his speeches, was 
aggressive and assertive and often abusive, and always eloquent and en- 
tertiiining. 

Some time in the 70's he retired from the practice and went on the 
rostrum as a lecturer on temperance where he was very successful. He 
addressed large meetings at various points over many of the States, and 
was very pojjular and in great demand with the friends of the cause he 
so eloquently pleaded. 

JOHN BERTENSH.\W was admitted to practice, after having pre- 
viously read law since September 21, 1891, in the office of Wm. Dunkiu. 

Mr. Berteushaw was born in Franklin County, Ind., on December 
14, 1872, and shortly afterward moved with his parents to Montgomery 
County, Kans., wliei-e he spent his boyhood days until thirteen years old, 
working on a farm, and attending school in the winter. He then moved 
to Elk City, where he attended the city schools from which he 
was graduated in 1890. While a student at Elk City, he spent his vaca- 
tions clerking in stores there, which he continued after graduating, until 
he began the study of law. Since his admission to the bar, he has been 
in the active jjractice at Independence, and is now a member of the law 
firm of Fritcli & Bortenshaw. He served as dejiuty county attorney un- 
der .li'hn (':ilhiliaii inr four years, from 1897 1<> 1901. 

A .1. I!1I>I>1S()N was .1 member of the bai- of llic counly and jirac- 
ticed several years a1 Cort'eyville during the 80"s. He moved to Oklahonux 
where lie continued (lie jiradice. 

AKTHl'IJ I'.Il.LIXGS is cme of the latest ac<essions to theMontgom- 
ery <"ounty bar and may claim the distinction <>t' being its only member, 
now in the jiraclicc born in the county, except .V. L. Coiirtright, who was 
born in Independence in 1873. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 197 

Ue was l)oi-u near Liberty on October 15, 1874, where he was reared, 
isiKMuiiiiu his youthful days \v..rldii,-i' ou his father's farm aud attending 
and t.'arhiiifi tlie neiohhoriiii; schools. He then entered the University 
of Kansas fmni which he was oiaduated as Bachelor of Arts and also as 
Bachelor of Law on June 11, 1002. 

Afterward, and on September 15, 1002. he went into partnership 
in the jtractice with Wni. N. Banks and this firm under the name of 
Messrs. Itaiiks & I'.illini;s is now in the active practice of law at the coun- 
ty si':!l. 

GEO. A. BLACK became a member of the bar in the early 70's but 
never engaged extensively in the practice here. He afterward moved to 
Girard. Kans., where he died about eighteen years ago. 

For a time after his adnussion he was a member of the firm of Black 
& Hall who created some notice as the projectors of a railway, they 
strenously advocated the building of, to some indefinite point in the 
very far west. It was called the -Sunset Railway"' and never material- 
ized. 

J. W. BLACKBURN was admitted to practice at the May, 1871, term 
of the district court, on his certificate of admission by the Supreme Court 
of Illinois. Jic shortly after left the country and has never returned. 

A. V. BLAIR was admitted to the Montgomery County bar in May, 
1871. but did not afterward engage in the practice here. 

NORRIS B. BRISTOL is "the oldest living member of the Montgom- 
ery County Bar. At the age of nearly 53 he was admitted to practice 
on the examination by aud the report of a committee. He has lived here 
ever since but has never engaged in the practice of his profession. He 
was born at Fulton. Oswego County, X. Y.. on August 12, 1819, and lived 
a greater portion of his life, liefore coming to Kansas, in 1870, at Ottawa, 
Lasalle County, 111., where he followed the mercantile business. He lo- 
cated at Independence. Kans., late in 1870. and soon afterward erected 
the finest residence then in the county. Since Mr. Bristol located here 
he has lieen a T'nited States Circuit Court Commissioner and has also 
filled the office of justice of the peace. Under the weight of his venerable 
years, he is the same genial and jolly man he was over thirty years ago. 

I). B. BROWX was admitted to the bar on the certificate of his ad- 
mission in the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia. He came toln- 
jiendence from Indiana and was a brother of Mrs. Theodore Filkins, one 
of the early settlers of the country. He was a young man, about 
twenty-four years of age and of fair attainments and displayed great 
energy, industi-y and perseverance, and it was freely predicted by the 
lawyers who knew him that a bright future awaited him in the profes- 
sion. He contracted a severe cold from exposure in efforts to erect a 
building on Penn. avenue, near where is now located the harness store 



1 98 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

of Johu Ciaiiier, which developed into pneumonia and ended his career 
on earth. 

JOSEPH D. BEOWN was born in Morgan County, Ind., on Nevem- 
ber 9, 18G1, and in the county of his birth followed farming and teaching 
until he began the study of law. 

Afterward, and on May 31, 1887, he was. at Valparaiso, Ind.. admit- 
ted to the bar, and thereafter practiced his profession in his native 
State until he moved to Kansas in ISilG. In the fall of that year he was 
admitted to practice in Montgomery County, and shortly afterward 
formed a partnership with Hon. A. B. Clark, under the firm name of 
Clark & Brown, which continued in the practice until Mr. Clark went to 
Oregon and since then Mr. Brown has continued in the business here. 

JUDGE J. F. BROADHEAD became a member of the bar of Mont- 
gomery County in 1875 and as a member of the firm of Hill & Broadhead 
did an extensive practice until about 1881, when he retired from the firm 
and returned to his former home in Linn County, Kans., where he contin- 
ued in the practice until his death, about ten years ago. 

Judge Broadhead itresided over courts of the Sixth Judicial District 
for some months, he having been appointed judge to fill the vacancy 
occasioned by the resignation of Judge D. P. Lowe, in March, 1871. 

The judge was past middle age when he located at Independence 
and had devoted many years to the jiractice in Linn County. During 
the time he spent at the bar here he was a tireless worker both in his of- 
fice and in the court room. He often took an active part in political cam- 
paigns and in 1878 was a candidate for the judgeship of the Eleventh 
Judicial District against Judge Perkins, the Republican nominee, and 
was defeated by a large majority. Two years later he I'eturned to the Re- 
XJublican party, and advocated its princijiles on the stump. In the cam- 
paign of 1878 he had sincerely and confidently predicted the disasters 
that must follow the resumption of specie payment that had been sched- 
uled to take place on January 1, 1870, and said it could not be done; and 
the efforts to accomplish it would result in worse than failure. In 1880 
he began each of his political speeches with an acknowledgment of his er- 
ror, which he conclusively proved by saying, "I then said it could not be 
done and 1 now say it has been done." 

C. S. Brown was an early practitioner in the county. He was lo- 
cated at Coffeyville and after pursuing his profession at that place for a 
few years moved to Washington, D. <'., where he secured, and has since 
retained, a responsible i)osition in the servi<e of the (Jovernment. 

ROBERT BROWN did not engage in tlic practi.e here after his ad- 
mission to the bar. 

CEO. W. BCRCHARD liecame a mcmlier of the bar of Montgomery 
• uunty (in I lie reitified record of liis admission to jiractice in tlie Su- 
])it'mc Couil of Illinois. Before his admission here he had well (ju^ified 



UISTOUY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 199 

Liniself in the s(ieii((> of tlio law but never entered the general practice. 
His tastes and inclinations tended to other pui-suits, and about the only 
attention he gave to his profession while here was in looking after such 
matters in court as grew out of his business of loaning money and specu- 
lating in realty. From 1873 to 1SS2 he was the attorney for Austin Cor- 
bin of New York, wlio did a very extensive business over many of the west- 
ern states in loaning money and dealing in tax titles. Mr. Burchard's po- 
sition as such attorney gave him much professional business in the 
courts of this and adjoining counties for Mr. Corbin. 

Mr. Burchard was born at Litchfield, H(illsdale county, Mich., June 
8, lSJt4, where he resided, was educated and in June, 1866,. was graduat- 
ed in the classical course from the Hillsdale College. He took up the 
study of law in his native city, in the law oflSces of Judges Pratt & Dick- 
erman and was afterward admitted to the bar at Hillsdale on May 12, 
1868. He entered the law office of Messrs. Miller & Van Arman, in Chi- 
cago, and on October 21. 1871, was admitted to practice by the Supreme 
Court of Illinois. 

Mr. Burchard came to Independence late in 1871 and during the 
next year purchased a one-half interest in the South Kansas Tribune, 
of which he was the editor in chief from June 12, 1872, to January 1, 
1874, and afterward for several months did some editorial work for the 
same paper. He then disposed of his interest in the pawer and did no 
more editorial work until he purchased the Independence Kansan, which 
he edited with marked ability and independence for about one year, com- 
mencing January 1, 1879. 

In 1882 he located in Chicago where he has since lived and been en- 
gaged in handling real estate, loaning money on mortgage security and 
promoting the building of railroads and in other important enterprises. 

While living at Independence he always evinced a lively interest in 
its public affairs, and was elected its mayor in 1878 and served till 1881. 
During his administration the present city building was constructed. He 
is an ;ible man, well educated and of extensive reading. Among the con- 
spicuous traits of his character are his independence in thought and ex- 
pression, his true friendship for his friends and his uncompromising ad- 
lierence to principle. 

R. E. BrKNS was admitted to the bar here on motion of J. B. Zieg- 
ler, on his certificate of admission in the .State of Iowa. 

E L. CAMPBELL was one of the early practitioners at the bar here. 
He was a i)artner of Col. Charles J. Peckham and for several years, dur- 
ing the 70's, the firm of which he was a member (Peckham & Campbell) 
did a profitable law practice. Mr. Camjibell went from here to Denver, 
Colo., and engaged in the practice there. 

PHILIP H. CASS located at Coffey ville upon his admission, where 
he has since actively engaged in the practice of law. He was born at Buf- 



200 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

falo, Heart. 111., on June 24. 18C.!l. and lived there on a farm till February 
11, 1881, when he moved to a farm near Nebraska City. Neb., where 
he remained until November 11, 1881, and then located on a farm near 
Brownsville, Chautau(]ua county, Kans., and afterward, on September 
26, 1890, went to Beatrice, Neb., where he engaged as bookkeeper and 
stenographer for William Sculley until May 4, 1893, when he went to 
Washington. D. C. and entered the Govennental service as stenographer 
in the Record and Pension Office, from which he resigned October 3, 
1899. and was admitted to the bar by the Court of Appeals of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia. About a year later he located at Coffey ville. He is 
a graduate and post graduate of the law department of the Georgetown 
University at Washington, D. C. and was a sjiecial student in the law de- 
partment of the Columbian University at the same place before com- 
ing to Coffeyville. 

JOHN t;ALLAHl\.N was born in Lake County, 111., in 1858, and mov- 
ed with his parents to Montgomery County, Kans., where they located on 
a farm in the Onion creek valley in March. 1873. Here Mr. ('allahan 
worked on the farm, attended and taught school until about 1877, when 
he went to Grenola. Kans., and was employed there as clerk in the store 
of Messrs. Hewins & Titus, which position he held for about four years. 
He was then appointed postmaster at Grenola and served four years in 
that office. After his term as postmaster expired, he, about 1885, began 
the study of law, and shortly after— and before he was admitted to prac- 
tice in the court of records in the State— looked after business and tried 
cases in the justices of the peace courts. For about five years he devoted 
his time to the study of law and to the practice in the inferior courts 
until about 1890 when he moved to Independence and soon after became 
deputy sheriff under hisbrother.ThomasF. Callahan, in which capacity he 
served for two years and then went into the office of Samuel V. Elliott 
where he studied law and was admitted to practice in the district court. 
He then became a partner of Mr. Elliott, under the firm name of Messrs. 
Elliott & Callahan, where he continued until he was elected county attor- 
ney in 189G. He was reelected as his own suc<'essor in 1898 and .shortly 
after having served two terins. the last ending in January. 1901, his 
health becoming im]iaircd. he quit the ])ra<tice here and went to Kan- 
sas City. Mo. 

I'.VTKK'K CAVENAUGH. after jiracticing at Independence a short 
lime, settled in the far west. 

JOSEl'H CHANDLER began the study of law at Independence, Ks., 
in the office of his brother. Hon. Geo. Chandler, in 1874, and wasadmitted 
to pn'ctice here and in the Supreme Court of the State. After his admis- 
sion he at once entered the jiractice in partnershi]) with his said brother, 
under the firm name of Messrs. Geo. & Jos. Chandler, which he continued 
till earlv in 1883, when he formed a law partnership with Wm. Dunkin,. 



insTOKY 01 MO.NTCOMKKY COfNTY^ KANSAS. 201 

Avliicb. colli iuiied for two vears, after which he coutimu'd in Ihe i)ractice 
aloue until his death at Indepeudeuce, ou October IG, 1902. A sketch of 
his early life appears elsewhere iu this volume. 

No niend>er of the bar was more devoted than Mt. Chandler to the 
piofession. during his twentv-seven years of practice here; and none ever 
had the implicit confideuce of his clients in a greater degree than he. He 
was painstaking and conscientious in the discharge of his duties to his 
clients and often rendered to them his professional services for inade- 
(juate compensation. His weakness was in his custom to defer closing 
out, without unnecessary delay, each matter placed in his charge and 
his fciirless, tedious and uncompromising contention for every right of 
his client, however insigniticant. In the trial of a case he was aggressive 
and unyielding, and his evident earnestness, honesty and sincerity, won 
the admiration of the bench and bar as well as that of his ciients. 

He was a fluent talker and always presented his views to the court 
and jury with muck earnestness and power. He left a stainless charac- 
ter, after a long career at the bar of the county, and a host of friends and 
admiiers whom he had unselfishly and devotedly served. 

JAMES R. CHABLTON was born at Salem, in Marion Co., 111., on 
July 21, 1858, and afterward resided successively in the county of his 
birth and at Sedan, Kans., until he was admitted to practice law by the 
district court of Cowley county, on August 12, 1880. 

Before his admission to the bar. Mr. Charlton's life had been spent 
farming, attending and teaching school, clerking and reading law. He 
became a member of the bar of this county on March 1, 1884, and located 
at Elk City in the practice. Since then he was police judge of Elk City in 
1889, justice of the peace in Louisburg township the two succeeding 
years and was then in 1890, while justice, elected county attorney, which 
office he filled for two years ending in January, 1893. Since Mi-. Charl- 
ton's admission to the bar he has spent much time preaching the Gospel, 
especially at revival meetings, where, by his well-known eloquence, he has 
exercised a potent influence for Christianity. 

Mr. Charlton is now located in the practice of his profession at Ca- 
ney, Eans. 

BOX. ARTHUR B. CLARK has been a member of the bar and in the 
l)ractice of law for a longer period than any other practicing attorney at 
our bar — he having been admitted to both State and Federal courts iu 
( )hio in 1865— except B. Giltner, recently located at Coflfeyville, who was 
admitted in 1856. 

He was born in Geauga County. Ohio, October 15, 1843, and spent 
his boyhood days there, attending school during the winter months and 
in summers working on a farm, until he was about grown, w-hen he im- 
proved his education by a course of studies at Burton Academy and then 
at th" Western Reserve Seminarv in his native State. 



202 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

He then entered the law (leiiartment of the Ohio State and Union 
Law College of Cleveland. Ohio, and was jjraduated from the latter in 
1865 with the degree of L.L. B. 

He entered the practice in 18C7 at Mattoon, 111., where he jmrsued 
his profession about four years, and then, in August, 1871, moved to ('of- 
feyville and began the pursuit of his profession. He took a leading part 
in organizing the city of Coffeyville and was selected as its first mayor. 

At the general election in November, 1872, he was chosen county at- 
torney and in January, 1873, moved to Independence and entered upon 
the discharge of the duties of the oflBce in which he continued until 
January, 1877 — he having been elected as his own successor in 1874. 

After his last term as county attorney had expired, Mr. Clark at 
once entei'ed the general practice at Independence, which he continued 
until about 1901, when, on account of the health of his family, he moved 
to Portland, Ore., where he liegan the practice of his profession, which he 
continued until May, 1903, when he returned to Independence and re- 
sumed the practice here. 

Mr. Clark represented Montgomery County in the lower house of 
the Kansas Legislature in 1877 and 1878; and was a member of the 
State Senate four years from 1880 to 1884. In 1890 he was the Repub- 
lican candidate for Judge of the Eleventh Judicial District which then 
included Montgomery County, but was defeated by the candidate on the 
fusion ticket. 

EDGAR M. CLARK, after reading law with his brother. Hon A. B. 
Clark, was admitted to the bar of the county and afterward entered the 
])ractice at Independence as the junior member of the law firm of Clark 
& Clark which he continued 'till 1888, when he moved to Oklahom;i, 
where he has since pursued his jirofession. He is now located at I'awnee, 
Pawnee county, Oklahoma, where he is tilling the office of county attor- 
ney with marked ability.. 

Mr. Clark is the youngest of a large family of brothers, all of whom 
have become proiuinent attorneys and he is ranked among the best in 
Pawnee county. He was born at Huntsburg, Geauga county, Ohio. 
July Kith. 1856. and reared on a farm and taught school in Ohio and 
Illinois before taking up the study of law. 

\\. G. CLARK was about thirly years of age when he was admitted 
and while of limited education, displayed much natural ability during 
the short time he remained in the county. He was especially effective in 
the trial of cases in the lower courts. 

ALHIORT T. COX was admitted to practice in Douglas county. Kan- 
sas, in June, 1894, after reading law and graduating from the University 
of the State. He, afterward, in i)artnership with his brother, under the 
lii-iii iKUiie of Co.K & Cox. pi"i(ti(('d at Independence. Kansas, about eigh- 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 203 

tiM'ii inuiiihs. until lS!»(i. when he i-etii'od from the practice, and about 
Xowmber 1st of tliat veai- pui-chased au iiileiest iu the "Star and Kau- 
saii." a weel^ly newspaper which he. in company with Hon. Henry W. 
Youni;-. nndei-'the tiini name of Young- & Cox, puhlislied at Independence 
'till May 1st, 1898. Mr. Cox then purchased the paper which he has con- 
linncd to publish here and on .June uth, 1900, started, in connection with 
it, "The Daily Evening Star," which has a wide circulation in the city. 
In tlie publiciition of his daily and weekly papers he uses a linotype and 
other modern machinery and appliances. 

Mr. Cox was born at Morgantown, .Johnson county, Indiana, October 
2nd. 186."). and in February, 1869. moved with his parents to a farm in 
lyjontgomery county, Kansas, where he was reared until he began the 
study of law in 1892. 

IRA E. COX was born at Jtlorgantown. .Johnson county, Indiana, 
February 26th, 1868, and was, in February, 1869, brought by his parents 
to Kansas, where they settled on a farm in Montgomery county, on which 
he was reared 'till he was twenty-four years of age. In 1892 he entered 
the University of the State and took up the study of law, and was, in 
1894. graduated as a Bachelor of Law from that institution. He shortly 
tifter began the practice at Independence with his brother, Albert T. Cox, 
and, after continuing in the business over two years, moved on a farm 
and then, in 1902, went into the banking business at Anadarko, Okla- 
homa, where he now resides. 

.JOHN S. COTTON practiced his profession in Independence until 
about 1882 when he moved to Kansas City, ilo., and went into the real 
estate business, which he continued 'till his death there a few years ago. 

Mr. Cotton was born at Millersburg, Ohio, in 1821, and subsequently 
moved to Indiana where he lived, first at South Whitney and then at 
Columbia City, until he came to Kansas in 1873. While residing at Co- 
lumbia City he filled the office of auditor and treasurer of the city and 
was a member of the Indiana Legislature five terms. 

During a portion of the nine years he was in the practice here he 
was associated with M. Sickafoose under the firm name of Sickafoose & 
Cotton. 

PERCY L. COURTRIGHjT was born at Independence, Kansas, 
i?arch 12th, 1873, and, except Arthur Billings, is the only member of 
the bar born in the county. 

Mr. Courtright was reared on a farm about three miles west of Inde- 
pendence until he entered the University at Lawrence in 1897, from 
which he was graduated two years later, in the law class. He then, on 
June 8th, 1899, was admitted to practice by the District Court of Doug- 
las county and on the same day, by the Supreme Court of the State. He 
has lived in Montgomery county since his admission here. 



204 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

JOSEl'II 15. CKAK;, :i son of Samuel Craig and Jane Miller Craijr. 
his wife, was born in Columbia county, Pennsylvania, January 29th, 
1814, and at the age of four years was taken by his parents to Clark 
county, Ohio, where he learned the blacksmith trade, but had to aban- 
don ii on account of his eyes. He afterward engaged in trade, read law 
and was admitted to the bar at Springfield, Ohio, and then, in March. 
1841), at the age of thirty-five years, located at AYapakoneta, where he 
served as justice of the peace from 1851 to 1853, He was also county 
surveyor from 1851 to 1854 and during the last year was elected prose- 
cuting attorney, aud after serving out his term, was, in 1858, elected 
county auditor, and served in that capacity until 1864, In the fall of 
1864 iie located at Muncie, Indiana, where he, in partnership with hia 
brother, William, engaged in the drug business. 

In 186(; he moved to Hartford City, Indiana, where he was in the 
drug business 'till he moved to Independence, Kansas, in 1870. Mr. 
Craig was admitted to the bar of Montgomery county but never eugaged 
in the active practice of his profession. 

He was the first Mayor of Independence, aud afterward served as a 
justice of the peace of the city. Judge Craig (as by that title we all 
knew him) died at Independence on the 4th day of July, 1894, honored 
and respected. He was a genial, honorable nuin and a courteous gentle- 
man of "the old school;" and on one occasion in Ohio, refused a nomi- 
nation that would have placed him in Congress rather than betray a 
friend for whom he was working in the convention. 

NATHAN CKEE located at Independence in October. 1872, aud in 
the same year became a member of the bar of Montgomery county, he 
having been, in June, 1868, at Lawrence, Kansas, admitted to practice 
by the District Court of Douglas county. 

After his first admission he remained at Lawrence in the practice 
until he moved to Montgomei'y county, where he continued in the same 
pursuit until January, 1877, when he moved to Kansas City, Kansas, 
where he has since jjracticed his profession. 

]Mr. Cree was born in Adams county, Ohio, on July 28th, 1841, came 
to Kansas in 1859, lived on a farm and taught school in Douglas county 
until April, 1862, when he enlisted as a private in the 5th Kansas regi- 
ment and served in the Union army until he was honorably discharged 
in April, 1S()5. He then returned to Douglas county where he resumed 
his former occupations until he was admitted to the bar. 

In the early days of the practice in Montgomery county, Mr. Cree 
was a marked character at the bar. He was well read in the science of 
his ]nof(>ssion and technical in its jiractice. He was recognized in the 
lindcssion as a man of fine natural ability, and the possessor of a well 
culti\ated mind. He was a man of positive convictions and fearless and 



HISTORV OF MONTGOMERY COUNTYj KANSAS. 2O5 

siiHCM' ill IIk" advotacv of them, and not at all inclined to compromise or 
iiianiiailate to meet the exigencies of the hour; and while he was always 
wiiliiiiA to accord an adversary his legal I'ights, he was ever persistent 
in clainiiiig his client's dues. 

He was forceful with his pen in discussing a legal question, and a 
trenchant writer on the political topics of the day, and, often, during his 
residence here, in a political paper published by Mr. Peacock, his father- 
in-law. exercised his powers with telling effect. 

While here Mr. Cree spent much time in the production of an able 
treatise on the procedure and practice before justices of the peace, but 
discovered it would not be profitable to publish such a work, as in the 
practice in that inferior court, scientific principles of law are not gen- 
erally of controlling influence. 

While residing in Wyandotte county Mr. Cree has served as county 
auditor for two years, ending in 1S87, and then as county attorney for 
the same length of time, ending in 1889, with honor to himself and credit 
to the profession. 

E. R, CUTLEE, although admitted, never parcticed the profession 
in the county. 

D. Y. DARNALL was one of the pioneer members of the bar and 
located at Elk City about 1871, after having been admitted. He prac- 
ticed there about three years and then left the county, 

JOHN M. DAVIS was admitted to the bar of the county on the re- 
port of an examining committee and on certificates of his admission from 
several courts of record in other states, and from one or more different 
circuit courts of the United States. He, however, did not engage in the 
practice after his admission. 

C. M. DAVIS was admitted on the certificate of his admission to 
practice in the circuit court of the State of Wisconsin. He did not re- 
main in the county. 

BENJAMUN F. DEVORE has never engaged in the active practice 
of the law here although he had, for a number of years, pursued his pro- 
fession in Ohio before coming to Kansas. 

He was born in Washington county, Ohio, on February 11th, 1828, 
and in 1830 was taken by his parents to Marion county, Ohio, where they 
settled on a farm. He remained on his father's farm working, attend- 
ing school and teaching until 1849 when he entered the Wesleyan Uni- 
versity of Ohio, and for the next eight years spent his time studying and 
teaching, and then attended the Cincinnati Law College during the ses- 
sion of 18.57 and 1858 and was graduated from that institution as 
Bachelor of Law in A])ril, 1858. He then began the practice at Wapako- 
neta, Ohio, the same year, and continued to practice until 18G(J when he 
moved to H-artford City, Indiana, where he engaged in the drug business, 



2o6 HISTORY OF MOXTUOMERY COI'NTY. KANSAS. 

wlii.li 111' colli iimctl "I ill ISTO. when he hunted at ludepeudeiice. where 
he has sinee irsiih'.h 

i))iiiiig Jlr. Devoi-e's residence here he was a merchant from 1870 to 
lSS(t. farmer from ISSd to 1SS4, justice of the peace during ISSl and 
ISS.". postmaster from 1885 to 1880, police judge in 1881) and 18!>(l and 
has since heen in the general insurance business. He was also a member 
of the Legislature from this county iu 1872. In 1880 he was nominated 
for Congress by the Democratic jiarty but declined to make the race. 

While he is now ]iast .scventy-tive years of age he still takes an active 
interest in the jmiilic atlairs of the county and is a highly respected 
citizen. 

.inxiK .l.V:\li:s DeLOXt;. in the early 7(rs became a member of 
the liai of Montgomery county. an<l in co-jiartnership with his son-in- 
law. Osborn Shannon, did some jtractice iu the courts under the tirm 
name of DeLong & Shannon. For several year.s Judge Del^ong (he had 
been probate judge in Ohio before coming to Kansas) was the most con- 
spicuous character in Independence. His prominence arose out of the 
entry and disposition of the townsite, and the judge's peculiar methods 
in handling the matters connected thei'ewith. The townsite, as originally 
platted, contained about 1,500 lots besides several tracts known as ont- 
lots that were located along the north side. Under the law this town- 
site became subject to purchase from the General (Jovernment for one 
dollar and twenty-five cents per acre by the corporate authorities of the 
<ity in trust for the use and benefit of the occupants, as their several in- 
terests might appear. After being elected mayor of the city the judge 
made the entry in his own name in trust. The Independence Town Com- 
jiany at once laid claim to the lots, contending that the trust under 
■which the lots were held was in its favor, and brought suit against Judge 
DeLong to secure a judicial declaration of the trust in its favor and a 
conveyance to it of the lots. 

With his characteristic energy and determination the judge success- 
ftiUy resisted the claim of the town comjiany. The case was finally de- 
cided in tlie Supreme Court of the State, where the judge's views were 
fully endorsed. He at once become very popular with the lot occupants, 
whose rights to the lots were doubtful while the litigation was pending. 
This poi)ularity, to the extent it had begun, did not long survive, after 
the judge announced his intention to make deeds, for a consideration, to 
such lot ()ccui)aiits as in his judgment owned the lots they respectively 
claimed. This consideration in no case was to be less than fO.Od ])er lot 
and an additional dollar for making out the deed. This, at the minimum 
charge jier lot. would yield about .flO.OOO.Od and the charges were excuseil 
on the grounds that they were to 1k^ used to liquidate the judge's ex- 
penses and attorney's fe<'s in resisting what he asserted were the law- 



HISTORY OP MONTGOMERT COUNTY^ KANSAS. 207 

le><s claiiiis to llie lots. Many willingly paid the judge's charges and con- 
tinued to be his friends, while others denounced the charges and the 
judge, and liegrudgingly yielded to his demands and generally ever af- 
terward fought him in his aspirations for public office. At the end of 
the judge's first term he still held the title in trust, to many of the lots 
and also made apidication to enter some school land mostly in the third 
ward and also a strip joining the city on the south claimed by L. T. 
Stejihenson. Wm. Maddaus and others. The bold, aggressive and cease- 
less fight he made to I'ccover for the city these lands ,added to his popu- 
larity and he was, after one of the most bitter campaigns ever waged in 
the city, elected mayor for a second term. It then became somewhat 
more difficult for those who were not special friends and admirers of the 
judge to secure from him deeds to lots, and in many cases they had to 
pay an increase over the regular charges to secure their coveted deeds. 
This increase was justified by the judge on the ground that he was "wear- 
ing out his life" in making the fight for the lot owners, and they ought 
not to hesitate to make the payments and if they complained he was not 
slow in denouncing them in the most public and vigorous manner. 

The judge kept up the warfare over the title to various lots he had 
entered and had not conveyed and over the contests for more land that 
he had inaugurated as long as he remained in office. His successor after- 
ward, with but little trouble and less agitation, carried the contests to 
a successful conclusion and secured the issuance of the patent to the 
townsite after it had been held up, on account of the pending contests, 
'till 1878. However, the purchase from the State of the tract of school 
land mostly in the third ward by Mayor Wilson, in his individual name, 
caused much litigation after the issuance of the patent. 

Shortly after the i)atent was secured, Judge DeLong moved to 
Wichita, where he died a few years later. 

SAMUEL DONALDSON never entered the parctice here. He went 
to Chautauqua county where he practiced, and where he is well known 
as Colonel Donaldson, and is a prominent man and highly respected. 

TO WILLIAM DUNKIN reference is made later on in this article. 

HENRY C. DOOLEY, before being admitted here, was admitted to 
practice by the District Court of Coffey county, in July of the pi-evious 
year. He was born in Davis county, Iowa, on February 11th, 180!), and 
at the age of fourteen years moved to Coffey county, Kansas, and there 
worked his way through the public schools at Leroy. He then for two 
years applied himself to the study of law at Burlington, in that county, 
'till the date of his admission and the next year located in the practice 
at Coffeyville. which he has since continued and where he has built up an 
extensive practice in this and adjoniing counties, in the Supreme Court 
of the State and the Federal Courts in Kansas and the Indian Territory. 



2oS HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 

J>in-iii<;- the last fc-n- ypiirs JJi". Dooley lias <>iven imirli attention to 
(•(Hipoi-ation eases. He is now a niemlier of the law tiiiii of Dooley & 
Oshorn. formed ahoiit a vear aiio and which devotes its entire time to 
the jtractice. 

-Mr. Donley represented the 2!)th district in the Lower House of the 
]-e.!iislatnre of Kansas at its session of liini, and while he entered that 
body without legislative experience, he at onee became, and continued 
during its session, one of its leading members. 

DANIEL W. DUNNETT was admitted to the bar of the county in 
the early 70's and for several years was located in the practice at Cotfey- 
ville. where he at one time practiced as a partner of Hon. A. B. Clark, 
under the firm name of Clark & Dunnett. Mr. Duunett. some twenty 
Years ago. moved to the western part of the state and died about two 
,^ears ago. 

THOMAS E. DEMPSEY was born at Urbana, Ohio, where he re 
sided before coming to Kansas in 1885. He was admitted here at once 
and entered the practice, which he continued for about one year, when 
he located at Oreensburg. Kansas, where he practiced for about a year 
and ilien moved to Illinois. Before his admission he was graduated from 
the riiicinnaii Law School at Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Mr. Demp.sey possessed a good legal mind, which had been well 
trained, and he was a diligent student and successful in his ])ractice. He 
was a young man of excellent habits, of a quiet and unassuming de- 
uieanor. and yet of true courage when aroused. He apjiroached a trial 
with ((uisiderable timidity and was always fully jirepared on the law of 
his cases. 

C. \V. ELLIS located at Verdigris City in 18C9, and the next year 
went to Parker, AVestralia or Coffeyville, where he entered the ju-actice 
with Hon. John M. Scudder, which he continued until, in 1872, he went 
to Wellington and afterward to Mfedicine Lodge, in Barber county, where 
he located and pursued the practice 'till elected Judge of the District 
Court. 

During his short residence in this county he was known to possess, 
in i\ high degree, the qualities essential to a fine lawyer. He possessed a 
stroug, clear mind and was a close student and painstaking in the prepa- 
ration and trial of his cases. He has nuide an honorable record in the 
|)rofession in Barber county, where most of his professional life has been 
s])ent. 

CAI'TAIN DAVID STEWART ELLIOTT became a member of the 
bar of Montgomerv counly in 1885 and located in the i>raciice at Coll'ev- 
ville. 

He was born in Bedford county, Pennsylvania. Decendicr I'.'ird, isci. 
and at the age of about fifteen years entered a newspaper office to learn 



HISTORY OF JIONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 209 

tlie l)u.«iness. In April, 1801, he enlisted in Co. "G," 1.3th Penn. Volun- 
tccis, and at the end of his three months' term re-enlisted in Co. "E," 
Tiiih I'enn. Volunteers, and served therein over three years. 

In 18GS he assumed the editorship of the Bedford County Tress, at 
Ihereft. Pennsylvania, which he continued 'till 1873. On February 9th, 
ISC.O. he was admitted to the bar of Bedford county, Pa. He was editor 
of the Everett, Pa., Press from 1881 to 1885, and iu May of the last year 
located at Coffeyville, where from June oth, 1885, to September 1st, 1897, 
he edited the Coffeyville Weekly Journal and early in 1892 he establish- 
<"d the Daily Journal and edited it 'till 1897. 

Oil April oth. 1898, Captain Elliott enlisted and was commissioned 
Captain of Co. G, 20th Kansas regiment and entered the Spanish- Ameri- 
can war. and engaged in active warfare with the Filipinos early in 1899. 
A\'liile in line of duty, on February 28th, 1899. he was shot by a Filipino 
sharpshooter, and died a few hours later. His remains were brought 
home and buried at Coffeyville on April 14th, 1899, with military honors. 

After locating in the county Captain Elliott devoted only a portion 
of his time to the practice of law. His tastes led to the formation of his 
fellow men into associations, political parties and other organizations 
and the promulgation and advocacy of their principles, rather than to 
the irksome and methodical work demanded in the practice of law. For 
this work of his choice he was by nature admirably equipped. He was 
a fluent and pleasant speaker and at once took a leading part in meet- 
ings to effect such organizations, or to advocate their tenets. As a writer 
he'^was terse, graceful and effective and as a solider, enthusiastic and 
courageous. 

During his residence at Coffeyville Capt. Elliott was its attorney 
for one or more terms and a member, one term, of the Lower House of the 
Kansas Legislature, where he was at once a conspicuous member. 

At his death he was a member of sixteen lodges. 

J. D. EMERSOX became a member of the bar of the county, and af- 
terward practiced law with Judge E. Herring at Independence. He then 
became interested in United States mail contracts in Louisiana and 
Texas and abandoned the practice. 

He resided at Independence for some years after retiring from the 
practice and finally returned to Ohio. 

OLIVER P. ERGENBRIGHT was admitted to the Montgomery 
county bar on July 10th, 1883. His life sketch appears in the department 
oi biography in this work. 

ELIJAH. EVANS did not, after his admission, engage in the 
jiractice of the profession in the county. 

(TLVELES FLETCHER was born at South Royalton. Vermont, 
•lanuaiy llih. 1S44. and admitted to the bar at Emporia in Lvon countv. 



2IO niSTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Kansas, in September, 1879. Before beconiing a member of the bar Mr. 
Fletcher resided for a time at Plainfield, Vermont, then at Ware, Mass., 
where he was employed in a woolen mill, and was afterward in the same 
business in Boston, Mass., and at Norwich, Rockville and Hartford, Con- 
necticut. He then moved to Brookfield, Mo., where he was a locomotive 
engineer and subsequently settled at Emporia, Kansas, and engaged in 
the same vocation, until his admission to the bar. He then entered the 
j)ractice at Emporia, which he I'ontinued at that ])lace 'till October. I'.tOl. 
when he located at Cherry vale, where he has since resided and practiced 
his piofession. 

(}. W. FITZPATRICK was admitted to the bar of Montgomery 
county about 1897, and shortly afterward entered the practice at Cotfey- 
ville as the senior member of the law firm of Fitzpatrick & Wiggins, and 
continued in the pursuit of his profession for two or three years, when he 
removed to the ("hoctaw Nation in the Indian Territory, where his prac- 
tice still continues. The memliers of this iirm were the tirst and only 
colored men that ever became members of our bar and while they prac- 
ticed here, were, by court and attorneys, freely accorded all rights and 
privileges that belong to the members of the profession. 

ELMER W. FAY located at Old Liberty as a lawyer in 1SG9— be- 
fore any court existed in the county— and afterward entered the prac- 
tice as a i)artuer in the law tirm of Bass & Fay. and, later, he became 
"wheel horse" in the suit brought to compel the removal of the county 
offices to Old Liberty as a recognition of its claim to being the county 
seat. The stone was too ponderous to be moved to Miihomet's head and 
Old Liberty died in its infancy, without honors, and its eloquent cham- 
pion shortly after moved westward. After remaining at Peru, Chau- 
tauqua (then Howard) county a few years, Mr. Fay went to Texas where 
he engaged in the real estate business and came to grief. 

Mr. Fay, before coming to Kansas, had been a minister of the gospel, 
but finding the restrictions imposed upon those who pursue that calling 
too distasteful for his peculiar temperament, came to Kansas, and sought 
to fill one of the grades in the legal profession ; and it is said by those 
who have heard him speak, that he filled the oratorical features of it to 
perfection. 

EMIERY A. FOlHiTER was born at Dayton, Missouri, on July 17th. 
1868, and the next year moved with his parents (Mr. and Mrs. Goodell 
Foster) to Montgomery county, Kansas, and, in 1870, located at Inde- 
pendence. He grew up in this city and spent his time attending the city 
schools and in reading law. "till August. 1888, when, on a thorough ex- 
aminati(m in ojien (onrt in which he evinced remarkable proficiency, he 
was admitted to the bar of the county, before he was twenty-one years 
of age. 



HISTORY 01' MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 211 

lie shortly afterward moved to Oklahoma where he bej^au, aud has 
since coutiuued, the practice of his profession. At the November, 1902, 
<^leclion in that territory he was chosen county attorney of Lincoln 
ciniiily and he is now performing the duties of that office. 

FI:L1X .1. FITCH, located at Independence in 1890 and reference to 
liini will he found on another page herein. 

LrTHER FREEMAN was born at Fort Shaw, Montana, on Novem- 
iHjr 2Tth. 1872. His father. General Freeman, had spent his life in the 
regular army and, hence, Luther, while a boy, was moved from one mili- 
fary jiost to another where his father's duties called him. He became a 
meinlier of the bar of Montgomery county and practiced here until June, 
1902. wlien he took charge of a cattle ranch near Douglas, in Converse 
count\. Wyoming, where he is now located. 

Mr. Fi-eeman was a student at Kenyon Military School at Gambler, 
Ohio, read law one year in the office of Judge J. D. Vandeman in Dela- 
ware and was a student of law for two years at the University of Michi- 
gan, from which far-famed institution he graduated in 1894 with the 
degree of L. L. B. 

liERNARD GAINES was admitted to the bar of Montgomery 
counly on the certificate of his admission to practice in the courts of 
ic(()r('l in Kentuckv. He never entered the practice here. 

JAM.KS D. GAMBLE was one of the earliest members of the bar of 
llie county and was, in the early TO's, a member of the law firm of Bennett 
cK: Gan)ble, which, for several years, did a thriving business in the prac- 
tice of law and as real estate agents. Some time before 1880 M'l-. Gamble 
moved to Knoxville, Iowa, where he subsequently became Judge of the 
Circuit or District Court. 

NAPOLEON B. GARDNER was admitted as a member of the bar 
on the report of an examining committee appointed by Ht)n. H. G. Webb 
while he was presiding as judge jyio tcin. Mr. Gardner never pursued 
the practice in the county. 

BARSABAS GILTNER was born at New Washington, Clark 
county. Indiana, on June 9th, 1832, and spent his boyhood days on a 
farm "till he was thirteen years of age, when he entered Hanover Col- 
lege in his native state, where he studied for the next five years. He mov- 
ed to Indianapolis and taught school in aud near the city, the next four 
years, and then studied law aud was admitted to the bar at Danville, 
Indiana, in 1836, and at once entered the practice, which, except the 
years 18(33 and 1861, which he spent in teaching school at Richland, 
Iowa, he has since continuously pursued. In 1865 he located in the 
[iractice at Fairfield, Iowa, and after pursuing the profession there for 
iiltout eight years, in 1873, he moved to Marshall county, Kansas, where 
he continued in the practice 'till he moved to Coffeyville in 1897. Owin<^ 



212 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 

to a iib\>ioal di.sability iu the shajie of a broken ankle, he did uothiuj; in 
his profession at ('otleyville until 1898. when he joined the bar of Mont- 
gomery connty and has since practiced law. Mr. Giltner has never oc- 
cupied any public (itlice, except that he served as common pleas attorney 
in Indiana from 18.")7 to 18<>3. 

Mr. GIFFORD became a member of the l)ar of Montgomery 

county in the 80"s and for about three years was located in the practice 
in partnership with E. L. Begun at Cherryvale, Kansas. About 1888 he 
located in the practice at Kansas City, Missouri, where he now resides. 
While living at Kansas City he has served as police judge. 

fiEOR(TE E. OILMORE has, since his admission, pursued his pro- 
fession at Independence, where he now resides, practicing law, handling 
real estate, writing insurance and is a i)ension attorney. He was ad- 
mitted to the Supreme Court July 3rd, 1901. 

Mr. Gilmore was born at Grove City, Pennsylvania, on November 
17th, 1861, and resided with his parents on a farm there until he was 
sixteen years old, and from that time until 1886 he attended the Grove 
City College and taught school. In July of that year he located at In- 
dependence, where he has since resided. 

Bince Mr. (iilmore came here he lias siurcssively clerked in the \>vo- 
bate court (under Col. Brown, probate judge) taught school, tilled the 
office of justice of the peace five terms, handled realty on commission 
and been an insurance agent and has filled the office of city attorney for 
tliree successive terms. 

COLONEL DANIEL GKASIS was admitted to the bar of Mont- 
gomery county and practiced law iu the county until his death at ('of- 
feyvilfe, Kansas, on the 24th day of December, 1891. 

He was born in Lawrence county, Illinois, on September 21st, 182."). 
and thereafter lived in his native county, attending and teaching school 
and farming until 1800, when he was admitted to the bar at Lawrence- 
ville. Illinois, and entered the practice at that place, which he pursued 
\intil the breaking out of the civil war, when he entered the Union army 
as a captain in the 8th Illinois infantry, which was recruited for the 
three months' service. At the end of his term of enlistment he resumed 
the practice which he continued until early in 1802, when he i-e-entered 
the military service as a first lieutenant in the 61st Illinois infantry. 

At the end of the term of his second enlistment ,by an eloquent 
speech, he induced nearly every other member of his regiment to remain 
in the war, that continued for a long time thereafter. He stayed in the 
army until the close of the war, and rose to the rank of colonel of his 
regiment. 

Colonel Grass was a remarkable man. i'.y nature he was endowed 
with many fine qualities "of heart and mind" and possessed an "iron con- 



HISTORY OF MONTOOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 213 

stitutioii." II(> was generous and good to everyone, but Lhnself. In his 
own all'airs lie was careless and improvident, to others in trouble his 
generdus hand was ever ready to extend relief. He was all his life a 
great reader of the choicest works of literature, and had a well stored 
mind, which, with his natural gifts, enabled him to talk on many sub- 
jects most intelligently and entertainingly. H/ls disposition was genial 
and happy, his manners polite, courteous and atti"active — even in his 
most careless attire and to the humblest. He was a keen judge of human 
nature and an accurate critic of literature, and ever entertained a pro- 
found contempt for a deceitful or an unworthy man and never hesitated 
to dissect and expose the weaknesses of a literary production that may 
have been having a season of undeserved popularity. He loved his coun- 
try as he did his friends — patriotism and friendship were a part of him. 

While Col. Grass was a well read lawyer, he was never technical in 
the application of its principles and was sometimes careless in those 
minor details that so often influence the result in a trial. His strong 
forte was his oratory, in which he excelled before a jury, and as a lec- 
turer and political speaker. His appeals to the jury were earnest, sin- 
cere and eloquent and his lectures and political speeches entertaining, 
instructive and effective. The colonel always evinced a keen interest in 
politics and was always one of the "wheel horses" in each compaign. For 
years he annually stumped the county for the Republican ticket and in 
expounding the principles of the party and enthusing its members, never 
sought for himself any public office, although any in the gift of his po- 
litical friends was ever within his reach. The only public office he ever 
filled in the state, was that of State Senator from Montgomery county 
from 1870 to 1880. 

MAJOR H. D. Grant was admitted to the bar of Montgomery county 
in 1871 but never engaged in the practice of law. He was born in Chau- 
tauqua county. New York, on March 26th, 18.35. He was reared 'till he 
was eighteen years of age. in Herkimer county. New York, and moved 
to Illinois where he worked for a short time on a farm and then entered 
Central College at Jackson, Michigan. Shortly afterward he assisted in 
recruiting Co. '"I," 4th Michigan, and in July, 1862, entered the mili- 
tary service as first lieutenant of that comjiany, and, a month later, was 
promoted to the captaincy of the same. Two months and a half later he 
was assigned to the command of a battalion in the army and continued in 
that position 'till May 27th. 1804. when he was taken prisoner near 
Kingston, Georgia. He was taken to Charleston, 8. C, where he was one 
of the fifty officers of the U. S. army placed under fire to prevent further 
bombardment of the city. Two months later he was exchanged and there- 
upon returned to the army and served 'till December 11th, 1864, when he 
was mustered out. While in military service he participated in battle at 



2 14 lUSlOUY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

rciTwilli'. Si ' Kivcr. Cliicamnuj'a and Missiouary Kidj;v and was 

sli-hily wunnded at Sj.aila. TiMin.. iu August, 19G3. 

After ilic war Ilic niajoi- held several responsible positions in rail- 
iiiad >('i\ ici' in 'riMnK'sscc. and also several important public offices at 
Nasliville. He removed from Nashville to Mont<>oniery county, Kansas, 
locating in what is now known as West Cherry Township, on February 
nth, 1870. He came to Indejiendence in 1S73, where he has since resided. 
Hince living in the county he has tilled a number of responsible public 
offices. inclu<ling deputy V. S. Marshal for Kansas and the AVestern Dis- 
trict of Arkansas, county commissioner, justice of the peace and police 
judge. The major has been in frail health for a number of years and has 
retired from all kinds of business and is now (piietly living at his home 
in this city. 

S. A. HALL was admitted to the bar of Montgomery county, Kansas, 
at the November, 1871, term of court on the certificate of admission to 
practice in the Supreme Court of Illinois. He was past middle life when 
he came to Montgomery county and practiced here four or five years, a 
part of the time alone and a jiortion of it in company with W. O. Syl- 
vester. 

Mr. Hall did not have an extensive legal business and during the 
later years of his practice he unsuccessfully played the double role of at- 
torney and client iu most of his cases. 

WSl. J. HAKKOI> was admitted to the bar of the county on exami- 
nation and report of a committee. 

He lived on a farm some years after, about two miles southeast of 
the present "McTaggart's Bridge" across the Verdigris, but never entered 
the practice, although he was a bright. a<tive and well known man and 
niigli! have been a success in the profession had his inclinations led him 
to pursue it. 

THOMAS HAKKISOX was a conspicuous character among the first 
pioneers of the county, and one of its first members of the bar. He was 
admitted to practice on the first day of the first term of the District 
Court in the county, held May 9th, 1870, and thereafter pursued the 
practice 'till March, 1877, when, on account of failing health, he retired 
from the ])ractice and moved to his farm about three miles southwest of 
Indejiendence, where he renmined until his death on May 13th, 1894, ex- 
«e}it during the four years he served as probate judge ending in 1887, 
while he lived in the city. More extended reference is made to him else- 
where in tliis volume. 

Judge Harrison was a man of lofty character and was ever held in 
tlie highest esteem f(M- the many noble qualities he possessed. He was 
honest and sincere iu his convi<iions and a man without guile and pos- 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 215 

both moral and i>hysiial courage and could neither be driven nor 
led into anythino; he did not believe was right. 

L. BENJAMIN IJASBKOOK was. at the age of about twenty-two 
years, admitted to the bar of Montgomery county, on the certificate of his 
admission to practice in the courts of record in New York State. He 
was of a highly respected family in the P^mpire State, and had been ten- 
derly reared by a widowed mother who had spared neither expense nor 
pains to educate him. He did but little practice in this county, although 
fairly well skilled in the science of law, but in a short time went to Win- 
fleld, Kansas, and undertook the defense of a desperate criminal and, 
in the excitement or rather frenzy of the hour, was hung by a vigilance 
committee. 

EI.IJAHI D. HASTINGS was admitted by the District Court of the 
county in September, 1878. and located in the practice at Cherryvale, 
Kansas, which he continued for about twenty-two years, and then, owing 
to poor health, quit the practice and took up fire insurance, at which he 
is still engaged. 

Mr. Hasting.s was born at Grantham, New Hampshire, on November 
2nd, 1831, and spent his time there and at Newport in the same state, 
farming and teaching school, until 1859, when he was, at Newport, N. H., 
admitted to practice law. After practicing less than two years he en- 
tered the army and, after leaving it. located in the west. He settled at 
Cherryvale shortly before his admission to the Miontgomery county bar 
and while residing there has been city attorney for three years and also 
a member of the city council for three terms. 

JOHN A. HELrklNGSTINE wasadniitted to the bar of Montgomery 
county and at once entered the practice here, which he pursued for a 
short time as a i>artner of the hiAV firm of Grass & Helphingstine. In 1871 
he was elected police judge of Independence and at the end of his term 
was chosen county clei'k, in which office he served three successive terms 
and thereafter, in 1880, moved to New Mexico, where he became engaged 
in the practice, and at the same time published a newspaper and was in- 
terested in mining 'till 1886, when he went to California and for yeare 
did an immense business in real estate. 

While in New ISlexico Mr. Helphingstine served as Inspector General 
of Militia with the rank of colonel. He is still an active and vigorous 
man and is enthusiastic over the mining prospects in New Mexico, and 
contemplates returning to the territory and engaging in the practice and 
looking after some mining interests he has in that territory. 

BENJAMIN S. HENDERSON, upon his admission to the bar of 
Montgomery county, located and practiced law at Independence until 
early in 1882. when he moved to ('hautauqua county, where he continued 
in the practice for about eight years, during which time he was countv 



■216 HISTORY 01- MONTGOMEUY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

;illi)riiev fur five yt';us; one yeiir by :ii(]i(iiiitiiLen1 and two terms of two 
years each by election. He tlien moved to Wiutteld where he became a 
member of the law firm of Peckham & Henderson, which for several 
years was the general attorneys of the Denver, Memphis & Atlantic 
Railway Company during its construction. He afterward moved to Kan- 
sas City. Kansas, and entered the general practice under the firm name 
of Anderson & Henderson. 

After several years he moved to Terre Haute, Indiana, and entered 
the practice as a memljer of the law firm of Beecher & Henderson and is 
now pursuing the practice at that place. 

Mr. Henderson was born at Crittenden, Grant county, Kentucky, 
-October 1st, 1843, and on October 4th, 1861, enlisted in the Union army 
and served until he was discharged in February, 1866. Afterw-ard he 
moved to Washington. Daviess county. Indiana, where he taught school 
until January 1st. 1872. He was admitted to i)ractice at Washington in 
f^eptember, 1871, and since January. 1872. he has been constantly in the 
practice. 

In the i.racticf Mr. Henderson was exceedingly active and energetic, 
and in the trial of causes aggressive, full of confidence and fearless, and 
in his ])leas to the jury earnest, fiuent and effective. 

W. R. HENDRIX was admitted on examination to practice at the 
May. 1871. term of court but did not enter the legal field here. 

" KKKXKZER HERRING was admitted to the bar of the county 
about 1871; and in 1872 was elected probate judge of the county which 
office he filled from January, 1873, to January, 1883. Afterward, on 
Jfarch 27th, 1883, he located at Kansas City, in the practice and in the 
real estate business, which he jiursued there "till his death on October 
16th, 1888. 

Judge Herring was liorn in I'lMinsylvania and went from there, when 
a young man, to I>es Mioines, Iowa, where he joined the army and was 
captain of Co. "E," 34th Iowa Infantry. At the close of his military life 
he went into the grocery business at Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, and then 
entered the University at Iowa City, from which he was graduated, and 
afterward, in June, 1870, was admitted to the bar of Iowa. 

He then located in Independence, w'here he was associated in the 
])ractice with J. 1). Emerson 'till elected probate judge of the county. 

A. T. HIGBY was admitted to the bar of Montgomery county on the 
certificate of his admission to practice in Illinois but never entered the 
practice in the county. 

RUFUW J. IIIL]/w:is liorii in the city of Ogdensburg, in the State of 
New York, on the Hith day of Eclnuary, 1836, and resided there until he 
was thirteen years of age, when he left home and spent about eight years 
on the St. Lawrence ri\er and the Great Lakes. 

lu 1857, he left the river and lakes, and, at the age of twentvone 



HISTOUY OF MONTOOMEKY COUNTY, KANSAS. 21J 

yoiirs. settlcMl :it Cliatfu'ld. Minnesota, where he remained 'till the sum- 
mer of 1863— during a greater portion of which time he acted as the 
agent of Messrs. Osborn & Sons, who were non icsidents and owned large- 
tracts of land in that state. Mr. Hill's duties extended to paying taxes, 
negotiating sales and reporting to his principals. During the winter 
seasons he also attended such schools as that new country afforded. He 
also, from August, 1862, to December, 1863, belonged to the state militia, 
which was being trained to be used, when urgent necessity demanded, in 
the Civil war, then raging in the country and for protection against 
threatened Indian invasions. 

In the fall of 1S63 he went to the University of Michigan, at Ann 
Arbor, and began a literary course, and shortly after took up the study 
of the law, at that famous school, which he pursued 'till nearly the end 
of the school year, in the spring of 1865. He then went to Fondulac, 
Wisconsin, where he was examined and admitted to practice law in May 
of that year. He remained in \Yisconsin 'till the fall of 1807, when he 
moved to Linn county. Kans;is, and began the jiractice in partnership 
with Judge Henry G. Webb, who had been his partner during a portion 
of the time he lived in Wisconsin after his admission. 

The firm continued in the practice 'till the fall of 1868, when it was 
dissolved, and Mr. Hill settled at Fort Scott. Kansas, and continued the 
practice as the junior member of the firm of Webb, Blair & Hill (the 
senior member of the firm being Hon. Wm. C. Webb, a brother of Mr. 
Hill's former partner) and remained in the practice with this firm of 
well known lawyers until Wm. ('. Webb was appointed Judge of the 11th 
Judicial District in March, 1870. In May, 1870. Mr. Hill came in the 
private conveyance of his firm with Judge Wm. C Webb from Fort Scott 
to Montgomery county, whither Judge Webb had come to hold his first 
tei'm of court. He and the judge drove up to the improvised court room 
at Old Libei'ty, which the judge inspected, and at once made a very em- 
phatic refusal to open court in a room he considered so unfit for the pur- 
pose. No one was at the court room at the arrival of these gentlemen 
but shortly afterward a crowd was attracted, more from curiosity than 
otherwise, and still later Sheriff White arrived from Independence where 
the clerk of the court, Mr. Stejiheuson, had remained behind. After a 
short consultation between the judge, Mr. Hill and the sheriff they set 
out for Independence, where the judge opened and held a term of court 
and Mr. Hill located here. 

Mr. Hill was distinctly a criminal lawyer, in which bi-anch of the 
profession he excelled ; and in the days of his active practice at the bar 
here, perhaps had no sujierior in that branch. During his professional 
career he has defended 158 persons charged with murder, besides many 
times that number charged with other crimes and misdemeanors. He has 
also done much in the civil jiractice, especially in closely contested cases^ 



2i8 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 

Generallv. he was assigned a leading place in all cases in which he was 
engaged, especially in the cross-examination of opposing witnesses. His 
method of cross-examination was original, unique and astute. His ques- 
tions were framed in that manner that made them an argument, and 
drew from an adverse witness damaging testimony in a modified form. 
He knew the rules governing the admission of evidence and in the ex- 
amination of a dangerous witness played on the outside boundary lines 
and sometimes stepped over. He rarely suffered, as often lawyers do, 
from imprudent crossexamination. 

In the days of his prime he was a dreaded adversary because of his 
skill in cross-examination and the fertile resources always at his com- 
mand. The opposing counsel who knew him was always on the alert; 
vet often with every precaution, failed to protect against some move 
coined in Mr. Hill's ingenuity. The methods exercised in one of the 
earliest criminal cases he tried in Kansas will furnish some idea of him. 
A voung woman in Linn county, penniless and friendless, was charged 
with murdering her infant child by throwing it into a lake. That she 
threw the child into the lake was established by abundant evidence on 
the i>reliminary examination. The young physicians, after a superficial 
examination, and as expert witnesses, gave it as their positive opinions 
that llic child was alive when thrown into the lake. Tublic opinion ran 
high against the sujiposed murderess. No lawyer could be found anxious 
to undertake the defense; especially as neither glory nor reward was 
promised, and some of tlieni had declined it. In her hopeless predica- 
ment she sent for Mr. Hill, then a young nuin about thirty-two years of 
age. He offered to defend her on one condition, and that was, she must 
answer truthfully a single question he would ask. She agreed to this, 
and he asked her if the child was alive when she threw it into the lake, 
and she answered no, and he believed her. He at once, and in the night, 
secretly exhumed the body of the dead infant and took it in a buggy, in 
the box in which it had been buried, to Kansas City, to an eminent phy- 
sician and after relating to him the conditions, the doctor reluctantly 
consented to make a post mortem, and having opened the chest and ex- 
amined the lungs unequivocally declared the child was dead when thrown 
into the lake. Mr. Hill prevailed upon him to promise to attend the trial 
jind give testimony, which he did, paying his own expenses. The local 
j)hysi(iaiis again testified as before but suffered severely on cross-ex- 
amination whicii Mr. Hill was enabled to make effective from the train- 
ing Ills Kansas ("ity friend had given him. 

Mr. Hill had also taken the ]irecaution to re-exhume the body — he 
having restored it to the grave on his return from Kansas City — which he 
had conveniently secreted. On the defense he introduced the Kansas 
City physiciiiii and he at once, with the aid (if the lungs of the child, 
demonstrated bi'vond doubt that the cliild had not met its death by 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 219 

drowning; and in a very short time the jury acquitted and the court dis- 
charged the defendant "to go hence without day." 

While Mr. Hill was not an orator in the usual acceptation of that 
term, he often made very effective pleas to a jury, and sometimes when 
thoroughly awakened could hold them sjiell bound by impassioned elo- 
quence. He was in the habit, at least one time in each term of court, of 
opening his address to a jury— usually the first he appeared before— by 
advising theiu with a smile, "that he did not intend to flatter them, that 
they wei-e not the handsomest men he had ever seen, and in his life time 
he iiad met smarter men than they, and that they were just like himself, 
men of fair looks and apjiearance and of ordinary intelligence and fully 
equal to discharge the duty imposed upon them. After this pleasant 
opening he would then consume about an hour in demonstrating what 
that duty was. Mr. Hill still lives at Independence but spends most of 
his time in Oklahoma, in the practice of the law. 

JOSEPH W. HOLDREX was born at Springhill. Kansas. November 
9th, 1872, and lived there until he entered the University of Kansas, from 
which he was graduated from the law department in June. 1898. 

On the 8th day of the same month he was admitted to the bar of 
Douglas county. Kansas, and then in July. 1898. located in the practice 
at Cherryvale. Kansas, where he has since resided and followed his pro- 
fession, having during three years <if that time, tilled the office of police- 
judge of that citv. 

GOVERNOR LYMAN U. HUMPHREY is an honored and distin- 
quished member of Montgomery county's bar. His thrilling experiences 
as a soldier, his achievements as a journalist and his services to the state 
in high official stations, outside of his long and successful practice of 
law, entitle him to a most prominent notice on pages of a history of the 
Bench and Bar of the county. Since he has now retired from the prac- 
tice it would seem most fitting and due to him. to include in the short 
history of his career as a lawyer a brief resume of that portion of his life 
that has been devoted to public duties; or rather it may be said, the his- 
tory of one who has braved so many of the perils of war, rendered such 
conspicuous services to his state and country as he has, would be in- 
complete and unjust if confined strictly to his successful career of about 
twenty years' active practice at the bar. 

The Humpbi-eys are of English descent, settling in New England in 
the latter part of the seventeenth century, where, in 1799. Lyman, the 
father of our subject, was born. In young manhood he emigrated to the 
Western Reserve in Ohio, the then far west, where he engaged in the tan- 
ning business at Deerfield. It is of interest to note that his tannery 
was formerly owned by -Jesse (irant. father of General U. S. Grant, be- 
fore his removal to Southern Ohio. At a late date in life Mr. Humphrey 
studied law and became a member of the Stark coniitv l)ar. was a colonel 



220 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 

of nialitia rind a niau of affair.s until his rather premature death in 18,^3. 
He was survived by bis wife and two sous. John E. and Lyman U. The 
maiden name of the wife and mother was Elizabeth A. Everhart, born 
in 1812 at Zanesville. Ohio, and married at Xiles. where her parents, 
John and Rachel (Johns) Everhart. were identified with the iron in- 
dustry. Her paternal and maternal ancestry wei'e of Pennsylvania 
origin, the Johns having left their name in the unfortunate, yet flourish- 
ing city of Johnstown in that state. Mrs. Humphrey lived to the rather 
remarkable age of eighty-four years, dying at the home of her son in In- 
dependence in 1896. Bhe was a woman of splendidly developed faculties 
and a sturdiness of character which gave her strength to assume and 
carry to a successful conclusion the burden of family cares imposed by 
the early death of her hu.sband. ^^he was intensely patriotic, and gave 
her two sons to her country in its hour of need with an almost cheerful 
assurance. Of the sons, John E. served first as a private in Company 
"I," 19th Ohio Vol. Inf.. and in the battle of Shiloh was so severely 
wounded as to necessitate his discharge from the service. Later he en- 
listed in a battery of the 1st Ohio Light Artillery, and was in the service 
'till the close of the war. He came to Kansas among the early settlers 
and jassed away in 1880 in ilontgomcry county, where he had lived. He 
was unmarried. 

Lyman U. Humphrey was born July l.'."itli. 1844, in Xew Baltimore, 
Stark county. Ohio. He jjassed the early period of his boyhood in attend- 
ance on the village schools. develoi)iug. under the watchful care of his 
mother, those attributes of character which have made him distinguished 
among men. He was taught early the value and dignity of labor, the 
iron industries of his home locality furnishing him the opportunity, and 
he entered the jieriod of young manhood with a sjjlendid jthysical con- 
stitution. 

He watched the progress of events leading up to the Civil war with 
intense interest and. every word uttered al)our the home fireside being 
charged with that lofty patriotism, so niai-ked in the mother, it was in- 
evitable that "war's full-lighted torch" should find in him a ready bearer. 
Leaving the High School at Massillon. where he was at the time pursuing 
his studies, he enrolled as a private in Company "I," 7(>th Ohio Vol. Inf., 
the date of his enlistment being October 7th, 18(!1. three months after his 
seventeenth birthday. 

The seventy-sixth Ohio regiment was aitailied to the First Brigade, 
First Division of the Fifteenth Army Corps — Army of the Tennessee — 
and particij)ated in much heavy fighting during the continuance of the 
war. The more notable of the engagements in which our subject took 
I)art were: Fort Donelson. Shiloh. Corinth. Chickasaw Bluff, Arkansas 
Post, Jackson, Siege of Virksbnrg. Lookout Mountain and ilSssionary 
Kidge. At Ringgold, Kovcniber 27tli. 18(13, he received his first and only 



rnSTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 221 

wound, lint rciiiainod with Iiis command and ready for duty. He also 
parti(i])iited in the battles of Resaea. Dallas, Kennesaw Mountain, was in 
the hloody fight at Atlanta July 22nd. where the noble :^^cPherson 
'\t>ave the full measure;" then at Ezra Chapel, Jonesboro and thence, 
with Sherman, to the sea. The triumphant march from Savannah up 
through the Parolinas, including the Battle of Bentonville, and the final 
surrender of Johnston's army, completed the four years of splendid ser- 
vice rendered by Lyman U. Humphrey to his country. He enlisted in the 
ranks, was promoted for meritorious conduct to first sergeant, second 
lieutenant, then to a first lieutenancy, in which capacity he commanded 
his (■oni])any on the memorable nian-h to the sea. He was discharged at 
L(nnsville. Ky., July lOtli, ISGij, just six days before the anniversary of 
his tweiiTy-first birthday. 

The war did for young Humphrey what it did not, do for many boys 
of less observant mind. He went into the army an unsophisticated, im- 
pulsive youth, with a scant knowledge of men and matters. He came 
out a man schooled in self-control, with settled habits and a practical 
knowledge of men and aftairs, knowledge gathered in the battle's fervid 
heat ;ni(l i>assion, on the long and weary march, at the evening's camp- 
tive. lie felt, however, the lack of book-knowledge, and at once devoted 
himself to its acquirement, matriculating at Mount Union College for a 
brief period, and later, in the law department of the University of Michi- 
gan. A year in study here, however, was sufficient to exhaust his limited 
supply of funds, and he was therefore compelled to forego further efforts 
in the educational line. In 186G he came west to Shelby county. Mis- 
souri, where he taught school and, in partnership with the Yoe Brothers 
and Col. A. M. York, he published "The Shelby County Herald." 

While residing at Shelby ville and in 1S7U, Governor Humphrey was 
admitted to the bar. Early in the next year he located at Independence 
and on the 8th day of March, 1871, he. in company with W. T. Yoe and 
Col. A. M. York, established and published at that place '-The South 
Kansas Tribune," of which he was one of the editors until June. 1872, 
when he and Col. York sold their interest in the paper. 

During the time that Governor Humphrey and W. T. Yoe conducted 
The Tiibune it was ably edited, well supported and exercised remarkable 
inHuence in politics and in the business concerns of the public. While 
the paper was always a strictly partisan Republican paper and unspar- 
ing in its denunciation of the principles of its political opponents, its 
consi.'^tency and apparent sincerity won the respect of many who opposed 
its public policies. 

Governor Humphrey was admitted to the Montgomery county bar in 
May, 1871, and after he and Col. York sold their interest in the Thibune, 
they formed a co-partnership for the practice of law. and. under the 
iirni name and style of York & Humphrey, at once established an exten- 



2^2 HISTORY OF MONTCiOMERY COT'NTY, KANSAS. 

sive iiiul protitahle i)rofessioiiul business, wbiih was fully niaintaiucd 
UDtil about 1888 when tlie Goveruor left the practice to assume the duties 
of the highest office in the state. 

While Governor Humphrey was a well trained, studious and able 
lawyer, he had a distaste for the wrangling, disputes and the application 
of the technical distinctions the practice so often demands. He loved the 
science of the law for its logic and beauty and could easily have been 
eminent in its practice. His inclination to the study of literature, mili- 
tary tactics and to journalism and politics detracted from what might 
have been a more brilliant career at the bar. 

The Governor's services to the State of Kansas were important and 
gave him enduring fame. In ]87<! he was elected to the Lower House of 
the State Legislature and served on the Judiciary Committee where, ow- 
ing to his legal training and native ability, he was a most useful mem- 
ber. Before his term of office had expired he was elected to fill the un- 
expired term of Hon. M. J. Salter as Lieutenant Governor of the state, 
and i\t the end of the term, re-elected to the same office as his own suc- 
cessor. While serving in his regular term as Lieutenant Governor he 
presided over the joint convention of the two houses that elected Hon. 
John J. Ingalls the second time to the TTnited States Senate, after one 
of the fiercest, most acrimonious and bitter contests ever held in the 
state. The leading candidates, Hon. John J. Ingalls and Hon. Albert H. 
Horton. were trained in the highest arts of political warfare and the 
"battle royal" raged ffir several days when Mr. Horton went down in a 
defeat, which was brought about by the bitter fight made against him by 
the Ke]iresentatives fr()m Montgomery county. It was charged that in 
the early 7(l"s ilr. Horton had been employed by the county conimisioners 
to jirevent by injunction, the delivery of the 1200,000 bonds that had been 
fraudulently voted to the L. L. & (i. R. R. Co., in the county, and that he, 
as attorney for the county, permitted the bonds to be put in circulation 
without a legal fight, and received from his client for such conspicuous 
services, a fee of |20.000.00. Whatever may have been the merits of the 
disputes between the contending candidates or the fact as to Mr. Hor- 
ton's management of the county's business, it was conceded on all hands, 
that (Jovernor Humjdirey presided with fairness and unusual ability. 

In 18K4, Governor Humjthrey was elected to the State Senate from 
Montgomery county, for a term of four years, and was elected perma- 
nent president pro tcni of that body, and in 1888 he was chosen Governor 
by the largest majority ever cast in the state for any candidate for that 
offic<'. Hii' carried eveiy county in the state, except two, and his plurality 
was over 80.000. At the next biennial election he was chosen as his suc- 
cessoi', by a reduced majoi'ity; there having meanwhile come Into exist- 
ence a new political party that so disrupted former political organiza- 



lIISTORi' OF MONTGOMEEY COUNTY,, KANSAS. 223 

turns ami became so strong that at the next biennial election (1892) it 
iK^eanie doniiiiant in the state. 

Dnring (tovernor Humphrey's nine years' service in the legislative 
flejiartmont of the state, and four years as its chief executive, he dis 
fharfjed his chities with fidelity and marked ability. While a member 
of tlio Senate in 1SS7 he was the author of the joint resolution jiroposing 
an amendment to tlieStateConstitution relating to the militia of the state. 
The amendment was adopted in 1888 striking out the word "white" be- 
fore the words "male citizens" with the effect of including all able bodied 
male citizens between the ages of 21 and 45. regardless of color, in the 
militia of the state — the 15th amendment to the United States Constitu- 
tion having effectually invested the colored race with equal political 
rights. His administration as Governor was characterized by honest 
and faithful service in all departments, as well as eflScient management 
of the different state institutions. 

In his first message he recommended the passage of a law relating 
to banks and banking and suggested a plan which was closely followed 
in the enactment of the present law, which provides for the important 
office of State Bank Commissioner. The act providing for the observ- 
ance of Labor Day and making it a legal holiday was enacted in obedi- 
ence to the recommendation of the Governor. The period. 1888 to 1892, 
was a trying one in the number and importance of appointments to of- 
fices made by the chief executive. In this field, however, the Governor's 
excellent judgment of men well guarded him against errors in making 
selections. Among the more important appointments he made were, a 
United States Senator to fill the vacancy created by the death of Senator 
Plumb. State Bank Commissioner. World's Fair Commissioners, a State 
Treasurer and eleven District Judges; all of the latter except one, being 
chosen at the ensuing election and six of his appointees are still on the 
bench. 

In 1892, Governor Humphrey was nominated for Congress from the 
Third Congressional District by the Republican party. He was defeated 
at the polls by about 2.00(1 majority, which was about one-half of the 
anti-Republican majority by which judge Perkins was defeated, for the 
same office, by Benjamin Clover two years before. 

After the Governor's defeat for Congress he became the financial 
correspondent of the Union Central Life Insurance Company, represent- 
ing a dozen counties in Southeastern Kansas, and he and his oldest son, 
Lyman L.. are now looking after the extensive farm loan investments of 
that company, which affords them full, profitable and pleasant employ- 
ment, and him a pleasant relief from the toils of public service as well as 
from the necessary annoyance incident to the persistent applications of 
aspirants for public places. The Governor is now living a quiet life at 
Independence, with his wife, whom he wedded here December 25th, 1872, 



224 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

and liis SOD. A Lincoln. His oldest son and partner in business, with his 
bride of a few months, lives "next door" to him. 

The Governor's wife was Miss Amanda Leonard, a daughter of 
James (\ Leonard, at one time a prominent citizen and banker at Beards- 
town, Illinois, and later engaged in the same business for several years 
at Independence. She is an accomplished lady, of most refined tastes 
and gentle breeding, and, like her distinguished husband, live.s in the 
highest regard of the people of this city, where more than thirty years 
of her life have been spent. 

T. B. JENNINGS was admitted to the bar of the county on May 
9th. ISTO. but never practiced here. 

JAMES M. JOHN came to Independence in 1875, and after reading 
law something over one year was. at the September, 187G, term of the 
District Court, admitted to practice after an examination in open court. 
At the date of his admission he was in frail health and at once went to 
Colorado and New Mexico on a sheep ranch to try the effect of the 
climate. After several years on a ranch, his health having very much 
improved, he located at Trinidad, Colorado, and entered the practice. 
He soon established an extensive business in the line of his profession 
and at the same time carried on mining, ranching and speculating and 
acciinuilated a largi' furtuiic. 

He is now located at Trinidad and divides his time between the 
practice and looking after his extensive investments. Since he has lived 
in Colorado he has served in the State Senate four years and has been 
Mayor of Trinidad for three years, and is well known as one of the ablest 
and shrewdest lawyers in the state. 

The history of M\r. John as a member of the bar belongs to Colorado, 
but having studied and been admitted here, it may be of interest to re- 
cord that he had one of the keenest and quickest minds that was ever 
j)ossessed by any member of our bar and also possessed natural and ac- 
quired elements that would enable him to succeed in almost any vocation 
that he might have chosen to follow. 

L. C. .Jl'DSON was admitted to the bar of Montgomery county on 
May 13th, 1870, but did not enter the practice here. 

JAMES KOl'NTZ. after studying law about two years or more at 
Independence, was, on examination in 1888, admitted to practice by the 
District Court of Elk County, Kansas, and shortly afterward moved to 
Tojieka, where he entered the railroad service which he has since pursued. 

REUBEN I*. KERCH EV.VL was a member of the bar of Montgom- 
ery county and located at CotTeyville. Kansas, where he practiced law a 
number of years during the 8()"s and 90's. He moved to the Indian Ter- 
ritoiy several years ago and entered the practice there. 

•loHN II. KEITH was liorn in Warren county, Kentucky, on De- 
ccnihrr llrd. l^tiT. wlierc he was reared. He taught several terms of 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMEKY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 225 

Kcliool in liis iiiitive village. Three Forks, before he was admitted to the 
bar at Howling; (ireeu, Ky., November 9th, 1889. Mr. Keith located at 
Cottevvillc in 1893 aud in November of that year was admitted to the 
bar of ^lontgoinery county and has since actively and continuously pur- 
sued his jtrofession in the county and in the Federal and Supreme Courts 
in this state, and in the Federal Courts of the Indian Territory. During 
his residence at Cotteyville he has served five terms as attorney for that 
city aud now represents the 29th District in the Lower House of the 
Kansas Legislature, and is a conspicuous leader of the minority party 
in that body. 

M. B. LIGHT was admitted to the bar of Montgomery county in 
May, 1870, and shortly after located in the practice at Sedan, where for 
years he had a good practice and enjoyed the confidence aud esteem of 
all who knew him. While there he filled, to the satisfaction of the pub- 
lic, several important i)ublic positions. He died a few vears ago at 
Sedan. 

MAJOR AVM. M. LOCKE was admitted to the bar of Jfontgomery 
county on the certificate of his admission to practice in the United 
States Courts in Virginia and in Missouri. He had been a major in the 
Union army and after his admission here, located at Cofieyville, where 
he pursued the practice for something like two years and then moved to 
Colorado and several years after died suddenly while journeying on a 
trip to the east. M.'ajor Locke was a good lawyer and a very courteous 
and kind hearted gentleman and during his short stay in the county won 
the esteem of all who knew him. 

MR. LORING was at one time, about 1871, a member of the bar of 
Montgomery county, where he i)racticed his profession a short lime and 
then left the county. 

AA'. W. MARTIN was born at Crawfordsville, Montgomery county, 
Indiana, and, before becoming a member of the bar, lived at Thorntown, 
Indiana, where he pursued farming until he entered the Union army. 
He was admitted to practice at I^ebanon, Indiana, and afterward located 
at Fort Scott. Kansas, where he filled the office of attorney for that city 
and was, later, probate judge of Bourbon county. He then filled one 
term as Register of the United States Land Office at Indei)endence 
Kansas, and after his term of office had expired he returned to Fort 
Scott, and was there, in November, 1888, elected a member of the Kansas 
State Senate for a term of four years. In August, 1901, Judge Martin 
was appointed treasurer of the National Military Home for Disabled Vet- 
eran Soldiers at Leavenworth. Kansas, which position he now holds. 

ELMER E. MATTHEWS was admitted to the bar of Montgomery 
count\, on examinati<in, after having read law at Independence, Kansas. 
After his admission he located at Sedan, Kansas, where he pursued his 
profession about ten years and then returned to Independence and quit 



226 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 

tlic i/iaclice. He was born at Muncie. Indiana. July 2!tlli. ISOO. and. at 
llio a«i(- of twonty-one. came with his family to In(h>i.<Mi(lenr(^, whero he 
has since lived, except during the ten years he was in the practice at 
Sedan. 

SELYIN V. MATTHEWS was born at Muncie, Indiana, on Feb- 
ruary loth, 1858, and came with his parents to Independence in May, 
1872, and has since resided here. His sketch appears with that of his 
father, on another page herein. 

WILLIAM A. MERKILL was born in Lafayette county, Missouri, 
August 22nd, 1861. He taught school in Johnson county, Mo., and there- 
after, in October, 1897, was admitted to the bar at Warrensburg, in that 
state, after which he located at Caney, where he has since practiced his 
profession. He was admitted to the Montgomery county bar at the 
March, 1898, term of court. 

J. A. MILLS was admitted to the bar of the county in August, 1872, 
but never afterward engaged in the practice hei'e. 

J. J. MOON was admitted to practice at the December, 1871, term 
of court, but did not jjraetice law here. 

YIN W. MOORE was born in Coshocton county, Ohio, on December 
9th, 1871, and was reared on a farm. He came to Kansas with his par- 
ents in October, 1883, and located for a short time at lola, and then 
moved to his father's farm about six miles southwest of lola, where he 
lived 'till November, 1894, when he settled at Coffeyville, where he has 
since resided in the practice of the law. 

S. B. MOORKlIorSE was admitted to the bar of the county in Oc- 
toboi', 1870, but never engaged in the practice of law. 

MICHAEL McENIRY was born in Limerick, Ireland, in 1845. He 
came to Kansas in the late 6()'s and first settled on a claim near Hum- 
boldt, where the local land office was then located. 

He became involved in a contest over the right to make an entry of 
his land and during the jtendency of the litigation over the dispute, be- 
came familiar with the law pertaining to the rights of settlers on the 
public domain, and was engaged as a clerk or an assistant in the office 
of Messrs. Cates & Thurston, who had a large business trying contest 
suits and loaning money to settlers to pay for their lands. In 1871, or 
1872, ^Ir. JIcEniry moved to this county and took u]i a claim about two 
miles east of the city, and near Morgan City, and afterward moved to In- 
dependence, where he actively engaged in the business of looking after 
the rights of disputants in contest ca.ses in the local land office here. He 
was admitted to jiradice law by the District Court of Montgomery 
county, but never aclivciy engaged in the i)ractice outside of office work. 
After his admission to the bar he repeatedly served as police judge and 
justice of the peace in I ti(lc[icn(h'nce, during the time he resided here. 
Early in the 8()'s he moved to Cotleyville and took charge of the Eldridge 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 227 

House at that place, and for several years owned and conducted the lead- 
ing hotel (if that city. While at Coffe.yville he filled the ofiQce of police 
judffi' and was also an oflicer and stockholder in the First National bank 
t here. 

Some ten or more years a<;o Judge MiEniry sold his hotel and went 
to Chicago where he remained a short time and then to Litchfield, Il- 
linois, where he again became engaged in the hotel bu.siness. He after- 
ward left Litchfield and returned to Chicago, where ho now resides. The 
judge was a most genial, free hearted and comjianionablc man, and made 
an efficient and popular ofiicer, and in the administration of the duties 
of the judicial offices he filled, evinced a clear knowledge of the law on 
such questions as were frequently pi'esented to him. 

J. H, McVEAN became a member of the bar of Montgomery county, 
in its infancy, and located at Elk City, where he practiced law for about 
twelve or fifteen years and died. He was a well qualified lawyer. By 
nature he was talented, and, before his admission to the bar, had thor- 
oughly fitted himself to enter the profession, but after entering his pro- 
fessional career, gradually yielded to excesses that finally resulted in his 
death. 

W S. JIcFEETERS was admitted to practice law at the first term of 
the District Court ever held in the county, in May, 1870. He came to the 
county before its organization, and located at Verdigris City, and was 
one of the most active men in the efforts to locate the county seat east of 
the Verdigris. He was a bright, energetic young man, but never ap- 
peared in the courts of Montgomery county after the first term of the 
District Court. During the summer of 1870, while enroute on a trip to 
Fort Scott, then the neai-est railroad station, he claimed and took charge 
of a team of mules that were held as estrays by a farmer on the road 
and took them to Fort Scott and sold them. It afterward transpired 
that ihe mules belonged to a Mr. Ilargrave (a brother of Asa Hargrave 
of border warfare fame). The owner set on foot a prosecution against 
Mr. JIcFeeters which resulted in his conviction of grand larceny and a 
sentence to the penitentiary. He never afterward returned to the countv. 
• GEORGE AY. McCLELLAND was born at Nashville, Illinois, on 
May 18. 1855. and lived there till 1878, where his time was spent teaching 
and attending school. His education was completed at the Southern Il- 
linois Normal School. He went from Illinois to Missouri where he lived 
for a short time, during which, and in 1880, he was admitted to the bar 
at Nevada. Missouri. The next year he moved to Kansas, and located at 
Chanute. He was afterward, in 1881, admitted to the Labette county bar 
and then in the same year to the Supreme Court of the State. He was 
afterward located at Kinsley, Kansas, and served one term as attorney 
for that city. He was located for a time at Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 
Territory, during the exciting times of its earliest settlement, and while 



228 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

there served as police judge, and in th.at oflBce spent, perhaps, the bus- 
iest period of his life. In his official capacity he disposed of 4,7.50 police 
court cases, and on one occasion fined some of the notorious Daltons. 
McClelland joined the Montgonierv county bar in 189G and has contin- 
uously pursued the practice atCherryvale. where he has since the date of 
his location there, served two terms as attorney for that city. 

W. McWRKlHT was admitted to the bar of Montjiomery county at 
the October. 1S70. term of the District Court on the certificate of his ad- 
mission io practice in Tlliiiois, but never entered the i)ractice in the 
county. 

S. F. JIlcI>ERMOTT was admitted to the bar of ]\[ontgomery county 
on ]\Iarch !l. ISSO. and liM-atcd in the practice at ( 'oH'eyville, where he now 
resides. 

RET'BEN NICHOLS was, on the certificate of his admission in Il- 
linois, admitted to the bar of Montgomery county, at the October, 1870, 
term of the District Court, and shortly afterward located in Howard 
countA . and began the practice, which he has since continued. Howard 
county was, after ]\Ir. Nichols went there, divided, and formed into two 
counties (Elk and Chautauqua), and Ma'. Nichols, then continued the 
I)ractice in Elk county. His practice however was not confined to that 
county, but for years extended over several adjoining counties. He has, 
during his long career, in the profession, been widely known as a promi- 
nent attorney. 

■I. A. ORR, after graduating in 1894 from the legal department of 
the University of Kansas, joined our bar and practiced here a short time, 
when he located at ('(ilorado Springs, Colorado, where he has become 
prominent in the ])rofcssion. 

WILLIAM T. O'CONNOR became a member of the bar of Montgom- 
ery county about ISSO, and was in the practice here for a number of 
years. He began his jirofessional career as the junior partner of the law 
firm of Hill & O'Connor and was afterward a partner in the firm of Stan- 
ford & O'Connor and, later, a member of the law fii'm of Humphrey 
& O'Connor. Mr. O'Connor left Indei)endence in the 80's and went 
west where he engaged in other pursuits. 

ROY A. OSRORN was born at Rock]>ort, Missouri, November30,1874, 
and resided there till ISSd, when he went to Ness City, Kansas, where, 
after staying al)ont five months, he moved to Wakeeney, Kansas, and 
lived there until ISIC',, and then located at Salina, Kansas, where he prac- 
ticed law a short time and then, March 2, 1!)()1, he became a member of 
the Montgomery county bar. located at Coft'eyville and has since pursued 
his i)rofession at (hat ])lace. 

.Mr. Osborn was a student at the T'nivcrsity of Kansas from which 
he was gradiiatrtl in (lie .\radcniii- D('i)artment in ]S'.»7. and in the law 
dciiai illicit ill l!t()(l, and. on -Innc 7. I'.MIO, lie was adiiii((ci! (o i.iMc(ic!^ 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY; KANSAS. 229 

"by tlio District Court of Douglas county and by the Supreme Court of the 
State. 

JUDGE S. J. OSBORX was born at Eaton, Preble county, Ohio, 
and afterward moved to Mount Pleasant, Iowa, where his time, was, for 
a number of years, taken up in manual labor and teaching school. 

In September. 1872, he. having studied law and qualified himself 
to practice, was admitted to the bar at Rockport, Atchison county, Mis- 
souri. In .lanuary. ISSd. he became a member of the bar at Larned, 
Pawnee county, Kan.sas. and in the same year located in the practice at 
Wakeeny, Trego county, Kansas, and soon after became county attor- 
ney for the county. He resided in Trego county till he moved to Salina, 
Kansas, about February, 1895, and entered the practice there in part- 
nership with T. L. Bond, which he continued until he located at Coffey- 
ville in 1902, where he has since pursued his profession, as a member of 
the law firm of Dooley & Osborn. 

AVhile living at Wakeeny, Mr. Osborn represented his county in the 
Legislature of the State, in 1885 and 1886, and in the latter year, was ap- 
pointed by Governor .John A. Martin, judge of the newly created Dis- 
trict Court, of the Twenty-third Judicial District, comprising thecounties 
of Rush, Ness, Ellis and Trego and the unorganized counties of Gove, St. 
John. Wallace, Lane, Scott, Wichita and Greely. At the end of his term 
of appointment, the judge served two consecutive full terms in the same 
office, he having been twice elected thereto. While living at Salina, 
he rejtresented Saline county in the Lower House of the Kansas Legisla- 
ture in ISii!). and was elected Speaker of that body. 

JOHN Q. PAGl] was admitted to the bar of Montgomery county in 
1871 on the certificate of his a<lmission to piactice in the Circuit Courts of 
the State of Jlissouri. 

When he was admitted here he was in the banking business at the 
site of the present First National Bank in Independence. He never en- 
gaged in the practice of law. but less than two years after his admission 
to the bar here, became, for a brief time, famous on account of his sup- 
posed connection with the York-Pomeroy embroglio, early in 1873. His 
name became connected with that exciting affair, by one of the defenses 
urged by Mr. Pomeroy against the charge of attempted bribery, in the 
assertion that the money was paid to Senator York to be turned over to 
Mr. Page for investment in loans at the high rates of interest then pre- 
vailing in the country. The soundness of this portion of Mr. Pomeroy's 
defense was never conclusively determined and was generally doubted, 
although Mr. Page it was thought, was inclined to support it. ilr. Page 
quit the banking business and left Indejieudence in a short time after the 
defeat of Mr. Pomeroy. 

ALZAMGX M. PARSONS was born at Effingham, Illinois, on May 
IS. 18.":S. He afterward lived in Davenport. Iowa, until about thirty 



230 HISTORY OF MONTt.OMKRY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

years of age, when he came to Kansas and taught school and farmed 
till March 6, 1897, when he was admitted to practice by the District 
Conrt of Montgomery county. 8ince his admission nio.st of his time has 
been devoted to the practice although he has taught school at times. 

Mr. Parsons, since locating in The practice at Caney, has filled the 
office of justice of the peace two terms and also that of police judge twa 
terms. 

P.. F. PARKiS came to Independence from or near Chicago, Illi- 
nois, late in the 70"s and entered the i)ractice of law here but did not con- 
tinue in the business here longer than about one year. Judge Parks, as 
he was called, was a very aggressive practitioner and was gifted with: 
unusual oratorical ability and possessed a good knowledge of the law. 

THOMAS W. PEACOCK was admitted to the bar of the county at 
the August. 1872. term of the District Court and remained in the county 
a number of years, afterward as editor and proprietor of a weekly news- 
paper, and then moved to Topeka where he pursued the same vocation. 
He never practiced law here. 

GEORGE R. PECK was admitted to practice in Montgomery county 
on April 3, 1872. His long and brilliant career since then, on the highest 
planes in the profession, and the great number of signal triumphs he has 
won in the practice, easily mark him as our most distinguished lawyer. 

A just history of Mr. Peck would contain an account of these, but 
the limited space allotted to this article forbids efforts to enter upon 
such a ])leasant undertaking. Inasmuch as the present purpose is to 
-v\-rite more particularly of those matters that pertain to the county — 
and ihat in a narrow space — we find sojue excuse for eliminating much 
that would be interesting in the life of Mr. Peck after he left here. A 
true history would also include events outside of his profession, as he 
is not only a profound lawyer but a ripe scholar and a magnificent ora- 
tor. The many classic orations he has delivered to cultured audiences, 
furnish proof of the fact that he is a man of eminence in arenas outside 
of his professional life. 

He practiced less than two years at the Mbntgoincry county bar and 
he often says. ili;it l.iid' jieriod covers the happiest days of his life. 
While he wiis t.-riijicl witli life in a new country, which he now says 
is ''one of tlic iznnicsi .liarms of human life."' by his genial disposition 
and captivating social iiualities, he always made time pass pleasantly 
to the comj)anions of his young manhood; and now. after a lapse of thir- 
ty years or more, many easily recall the pleasant hours spent in his com- 
pany. This was the social side of Mr. Peck during his short professional 
sojourn here and while, in history, it may become paled in the light of 
such achievements as lead to enduring fame, it should ever be accorded a 
place. 

Before he had been in Kansas two months, he wrtjte to a home pa- 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY', KANSAS. 23 I 

per in Wisconsin (Janesville Gazette, January 18, 1872), "There is no 
cliance for sleigh riding, but if one is fond of mud, he can be accommo- 
dated. Tastes differ, but with tlie little experience I have had, I must 
say that I had rather put up with the mud here than the intense cold in 
Wisconsin. • » • There is only one way in which you can arrive 
at a decision of the vexed question whether 'tis nobler in the mind to 
suffer the slings and arrows of an eight-months winter in the north or 
a sh(M-t winter here, and that is by trying it." A few years later, during 
the destructive drought, there was but little, if any, difference in his opin« 
ion or the mud question in Kansas; as more mud was "a consummation 
devoutly wished" from early in the summer of 1874, till late in the win- 
ter of 1875. 

Mr. Peck was born in Cameron, Steuben county, !N^ew York, on 
May 15. 1843. He was the youngest of a family of ten children. When 
about six years old he moved to Palmyra, Wisconsin, with his parents, 
who settled there on a farm, on which Mr. Peck spent his time until he 
was about sixteen years of age, teaching and attending the local schools. 
When about seventeen years old he entered, as a student, Milton College 
in Wisconsin, where he remained three terms, during which he spent hia 
vacations teaching. 

He had intended to enter an eastern college and complete his edu- 
cation, but under the call of President Lincoln, for 300,000 more volun- 
teers, he enlisted as a soldier in the First Wisconsin Heavy Artillery, 
in which he served three months and was then commissioned first lieu- 
tenant of Company '-K," Thirty-first Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, and 
afterward, in June, 1864, was promoted to the captaincy of the same com- 
pany, and served in that capacity until he was mustered out in July, 
186.5. He then returned to Wisconsin and studied law in the office of 
Hon. Charles (J. Williams, of Janesville. On February 15, 186(). he was 
admitied to practice by the Circuit Court of Rock county, Wisconsin, 
and in the fall of the same year was elected clerk of the same court, in 
which office he served from January 1, 1867, to January 1, 1869. At the 
expiration of his term of office he entered the practice at Janesville, 
which he continued until he moved to Kansas in 1871 — reaching Inde- 
pendence in December of that year, by stage from Cherryvale. On his 
way from Lawrence he met Edgar Hull, then on his way to open a bank 
at Indejiendence. and arranged to become the attorney for the contem- 
plated financial institution. After his arrival at Independence, he at 
first went into the office of W. H. Watkins, probate judge of the county, 
and at once applied himself to the study of the Kansas Statutes and de- 
cisions, which he continued for a month or more, when his friend and fu- 
ture partner. Oeorge Chandler, joined him. Mr. Peck and Mr. Chandler 
then fornsed the well-remembered law firm of Peck & Chandler, and 
opened an office over Page's Bank on the corenr of Pennsvlvania avenue 



232 HISTORY OF JIONTGOMKKY COl'NTY, KANSAS. 

Mild Main stiwt. at the present site of the First National Bank, and this 
tinn a* uncc ac(niired a lucrative jn-actice. 

Karly in 1873, Jlessrs. Peck & Chandler purchased a lot on North 
Penusylvania avenue, and erected a twostory brick building thereon and 
occupied the second story as law oftices, until January, 1874, when Mr. 
Peck retired from the firm and moved to Topeka to assume the duties of 
United States attorney for the District of Kansas, to which oflSce he had 
been appointed by President Grant. 

On locating at Topeka he went into partnership with Hon. Thomas 
Ryan, a former United States Attorney and afterward a member of 
Congress and Minister to Mexico and now First Assistant Secretary 
of the Interior. This firm, under the style of Peck & Ryan, did a large 
general practice during the six years Mr. Peck served as United States 
Attorney — he having been appointed as his own successor by President 
Hayes, and after serving two years on his second term, resigned the of- 
fice to devote his entire time to the general practice. 

During his term of office and for several years after, he had been 
employed as attorney for the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Com- 
pany, and, in May, isSl, was appointed general solicitor for it. He held 
this" responsible position most of the time until 1803, when he moved to 
Chicago and continued in the same office till September, 1895, when he 
resigned to accept the position of general counsel of the Chicago, Mil- 
waukee & St. Paul Railway Company, which high office in railroad cir- 
cles he has held since that date. 

Mr. Peck was by nature endowed with extraordinary mental force, 
and is a man of extensive information acquired from reading the works of 
the best authors. He is a "born leader" in any walk in life he may be 
placed. While at Independence he was at the head of our young bar and 
has, so far. wherever located, maintained the same ascendency. 

When he l^ecaine United States Attorney in Kansas he was about 
thirty years of age and was without experience in the practice in the 
Federal Courts, and a comparative stranger to many of the lawyers who 
controlled the practice of those courts. These attorneys, for the most 
part, lived in the large towns along the Kaw and Missouri rivers, where 
the State was first pojjnlated, and they distrusted Mr. Peck's ability to 
acquit himself creditably in the important office to which he had been ele- 
vated from the obscure bar recently created on a late Indian reservation. 
His first case in the Unites States Court was against one Holmes who 
was charged in forty-two counts, with opening registered letters and oth- 
er malfeasance in office, and defended by such eminent criminal lawyers 
as Thomas Fenlon, .1. W. Taylor and Albert H. Horton. Mr. Peck con- 
cluded the nrgnnients in a close, able and logical address of one and one- 
half lionrs. and easily convici.Hl the defendant and dispelled from the 
minds of tlKPSc who lic.iid him all doubts of his ability to fill the office. 



HISTORY or MONTUO.MEnV COUNTY, KANSAS. 233 

Aliiml ;i year after, ho was associated with such ronowncd lawyers 
as .!( !i'iiiiali S. Black and William Lawi-ence. and opposed liy (!coi-<j;e F. 
I'.diiHinds and P. IMiillijJS in two cases i)ending in the Suinenie Court of 
I he I'liited States, involving the title to many valuable tracts of land 
on the Osafie Oded Lands in Kansas: and as some of these were located 
in this county, a short review of the history of one of the eases may, prop- 
erly, lie hietly noted here. 

One June 2. 1825. by treaty, certain lands were reserved to the great 
and little tribes of Osage Indians which included a strip about three 
miles wide, now on the east border of ifontgomery county. On March 3, 
1863, Congress ceded to the State from the public lands therein, alter- 
nate sections designated by odd nundjers. to be used to secure the con- 
struction of railways within her borders. On February 9, 1804, the State 
by an act of its Legislature, accepted the grant so made by Congress and 
tendered a portion of such lands to the Leavenworth, Lawrence & Fort 
Oibson Kailroad Conipay to induce it to build a line of road as provided 
in the act. 

On September 29, 18C5, by treaty with the said tribes of Indians 
they ceded a portion of their reservation (including said strij) on the 
east border of Montgomery county) to the t'nited States. 

In 1870 and 1871, The Leavenworth. Lawrence c& Galveston Railroad 
Company — the name of the company having been changed by an act of 
the Legislature, passed February 24. 1806 — constructed a line of I'ailroad 
through a jiortion of the Osage Ceded Lands and claimed the odd-number- 
ed sections within the ten-mile limit, and secured a patent to the same. 

A suit was instituted by the United States in its Circuit Court in 
Kansas to vacate such patents on the ground that no portion of the 
lands included in the Osage Ceded Lands was intended by Congress in the 
act of March 3. 1803, to be embraced in the grant to the State, for the 
reason, among others, that Congress could not or would not donate 
lands to which the title of the Indians had not been extinguished. 

The T'nited States was successful in the Circuit Court, and the 
railroads appealed to the Supreme Court, where some of the best legal 
talent in the Union was engaged, and the cases vigorously contested on 
every feature, and the decree of the Circuit Court affirmed. Mr. Peck 
wrote an elaborate brief, which was a remarkable alignment for one so 
young and of such limited experience in the courts of last i-esort. In it 
the issues were clearly set forth, the authorities aptly and succinctly 
cited and applied, and his logic unanswerable. This able brief ended on 
the 33rd, and last page in this language: "I can only look upon the claim 
of the railroads to these lands, as a flagrant attempt to secure a magnifi- 
cent domain by the mere force of incorporated audacity. It is not the 
United States alone which is interested in resisting these pretensions; 
other rights are involved. These lands are thickly settled by a people 



234 IIISTOUV OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 

Avho canie uiioii tliciii. not as trespassers, but invited by their govern- 
ment. Tliese are their homes." Perhaps nothing ever gave Mr. Peck 
more i)leasiire than to hear his brief complimented bv one of the very 
first lawyers in the Union — Jeremiah S. Black — who adopted Mr. Peck's 
theory on all the questions involved. He and his friends as well as the 
settlers on the disputed lands, were rejoiced at the great victory he won 
in the case. 

The many other brilliant achievements of Mr. Pe(k at the bar have 
no particular significaiice to ]\Iontgomery county and for that reason I 
refrain from furtlier following him in them. 

I.-i the practice he was quick, accurate and profound. He «;eemed 
to possess an intuitive faculty of at once grasping and solving the most 
intricate legal problems, and the power of elucidation. These qualities 
have long been recognized by many of the greatest corporations in the 
TTnicn, and have kept him in enviable ]>rofessional employment for near- 
ly a quarter of a century. While he has occasionally edifled the most ex- 
acting audiences with his almost matchless oratory, his life has been de- 
voted to the duties of his profession. He has ever evinced a keen interest 
in politics, yet has never sought a public office, and on one occasion de 
clined to accept a seat in the T'nited i?tates Senate, which was uncondi- 
tionally tendered him; and on another, resigned from an important of- 
fice as before stated. 

Ii is a pleasing feature in [Mir. Peck's career, to think of him in 1873 
using the poetry of Shakespeare in describing to his old friends in 
-Tanesville the mud and climatic conditions of his new home; and to see 
him thirty years after, at the head of the legal department of a great 
railwa.^ corporation that is being ojicrated where "the slings and arrows 
of an eight-months' winter'' i)rcvnil. This railroad company is operating 
nearly 7,000 miles of road, and in 1002, its gross earnings were over 
forty-five millions of dollars. 

(^OL. CHARLES J. PECKHAM became a member of the bar of 
Montgomery county about 1871. So far as I have been able to learn, 
the Colonel was born in one of the New England States perhaps in 
the .30's. When a boy he spent two years on the seas as a common sai- 
lor and afterward enlisted in the Union Army where, during the Civil 
War, he rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel. He was admitted to the 
bar in Illinois. After practicing some eight years in this county he 
moved to Sedan about 1878 and a few years later to Winfield and then, 
during the OO's, he went to Oklahoma where he died a few years ago. 
Col. Peckham was recognized by the members of the bar wherever he 
practiced as a very fine lawyer, and during the time he practiced here 
stood in the front ranks at the bar. 

WILLIAM A. PEFFER was a practitioner at our bar for about six 
jears, from 1875 to 1881. During this time, however, his time was mostly 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 235 

takpn up in other pursuits, and lie never liei anie ()rominent in the pro- 
fession. From his other achievements during his aitive and industrious 
life, he has fairly won a jilace amon^ the distiniiuished members of our 
har. 

lie was l)i)ni in ( 'unilperlaml eounty. Pennsylvania, on September 
10. l,'^:!!. and resided there till lS.-;3. when he located in ISt. Joseph coun- 
ty, Indiana, where he remained till IS."!), when he moved to Morgan 
county. Missouri, and stayed there till ISOl. 

In 18()2. he settled in Warren county. Illinois, and while living 
there, and on August G, 1862. enlisted in the Union Army and became a 
member of Company F, Eighty-third lUinos Volunteer Infantry, and re- 
mained in the service till he was mustered out on June 26.186.5. Beforeen- 
tering the army Jlr. Peft'er's life was silent working on a farm, attending 
and teaching school, and after leaving the military service he settled at 
Clarksville. Tennessee, where he was admitted to the bar and practiced 
law till in 1869. He then, in 1870, located in Wilson county, Kansas, 
where he divided his time, till 187.5. in practicing law and editing and pub- 
lishing The Fredouia Journal, a weekly newspaper devoted to the Repub- 
lican party doctrines. In 1875 he was elected to the State Senate as a 
Representative for Wilson and Montgomery counties, and located at Cof- 
feyville where, during his term of oftice in the Senate, he practiced law 
aiid edited and published the Cotfeyville Journal from 1875 to 1881, ex- 
cept during the "close times" that prevailed in 1878, when he quit the law 
and 1 aught a district school in Liberty township. In 1881 Mr. Peflfer 
moved to Topeka where he edited the Kansas Farmer till 1890, meanwhile 
assisting in the editorial department of the Topeka Daily Capital. In 
the fall of 1S90. he became a i>owerful leader in the populist party which 
elected a majority to the Legislature and he was chosen to represent the 
State in the United States Senate for six years. 

After his retirement from the Senate of the United States, he de- 
voted much of his time to literary work, and to publishing the Topeka 
Advocate during 1897. He is now. at the age of 72 years, actively engaged 
in perhaps the most important work of his life, and that is the preparation 
of a complete index, by subjects, to the discussions in Congress from the 
beginning of 1789 to 1902 inclusive, which work was authorized by an act 
of Congress. For the most part. Senator Peft'er's life, after leaving the 
army, has been devoted to the discussion of the public questions that 
have from time to time agitated the public mind; and his writings on 
these subjects have shown deep thought and have been trenchant and ef- 
fective. While in the United States Senate he evinced a marvelous 
knowledge of statistics and figures and was a recognized authority by 
even those who did not agi-ee with him in their application. 

JUDGE LUTHER PERKINS was born in Boston, Massachu- 
setts, on April 25. 1814, and lived there and at Chicago before locating in 



236 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

('(illVvvillc. Kansas, about thirty-three .years ago. He graduated at the 
IJostou Law School in his native city in June. 18G4. but never became a 
lueniljcr of tlie bar of Montgomery county until June 20. 1895. Since lo- 
catinp- at Coffey ville he has always been one of the prominent men of that 
city, and has spent his life in loaning money and dealing in real estate 
on his own account and as agent for others. Before his admission to 
the bar he did considerable of that charactei' of business that belongs to 
the legal profession — such as drafting ]>ai)ers. examining abstracts of 
title, rendering advice on legal problems, etc, and did some prac- 
tice in the justice and police courts. 

Since his admission he has not engaged in the practice extensively, 
as his time has been fully taken up with his personal affairs and in ful- 
filling the duties of the office of Judge of the Court of Coffeyville, to 
whicli he was elected about one vear ago. 

SAXFORD H. PETTIBONE was born at Springfield, Illinois, De 
cember 13, 1848. In September. 1802, when less than fourteen years of 
age, he enlisted in Company "D," Thirty-third Illinois Volunteer Infant- 
ry. While in the army he lost both legs in a railroad wreck at Butte, 
Louisiana, and afterward remained in a hospital at New Orleans until 
July, 18()5, when he was taken to Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, where 
he wan discharged August 4, following. 

In 18(17, he entered the Illinois Soldiers' College at Fulton and was 
graduated tlicrefiom in 1871, and then read law in the office of Judge 
('rook u1 Spiiiigfield, Illinois. In July. 1872, he was admitted to the bar 
in Illinois and in the same year located in the prac- 
tice of his profession in Mcl'herson County, Kansas, being the first at- 
torney to settle in that county. In February, 1877, he returned to Illi- 
nois and practiced at Vandalia until 1881, when he returned to Kansas 
and locatiMl in the practice at Independence as the junior member of the 
firm ol Hill & Pettiboue, which he continued till about 1887, when he lo- 
cated at Kansas City, where he pursued his profession for a number of 
years and then moved to the South. 

SlOTir ir. PIPER was admitted to the bar of Montgomery county 
at the age of twenty-one years and has since been in the active practice of 
the law. He was born in Shelby county, Indiana, May 4, 18G8, and resid- 
ed there till 1878 when he went with his parents to Champagne, Illinois, 
where he spent about three years, and then, in 1881, moved on a farm 
in ]\Iontgoniery county, Kansas. He worked on this farm till he was 
nineteen years old when he engaged as a clerk in a store and read law for 
two years before his successful api)licatiou for admission to practice. 

After becoming a member of the bar he at once located at Elk City 
in the practice, which he pursued there until he moved to Independence 
on January 1, ItlOO. While living at Elk City. Mr. Piper filled to the sat- 
isfaction of the public these offices: member of the school board three 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 237 

years, city altoniey of Elk City from January, 1890, to July 189G, mayor 
of the city two terms and dejiuty county attorney for four years; and 
since locating at Independence he has served as deputy county attorney 
for eighteen months and is now serving as city attorney of lndei)eiidence, 
to which office he was appointed May, 1903. 

Tie is now in the active practice in partnership with O. P. Ergen- 
brighr under the firm name of Ergenbright & Piper. 

SAMIEL M:. porter was born at Walled Lake, Oakland county, 
Michigan, on December 14, 1849. and lived there on his father's farm 
till he entered the law department of the University of Michigan at Ann 
Arbor, from which he graduated in 1874. He had, before entering the 
university, taken a literary course at Hillsdale College, Hillsdale, Michi- 
gan, and had also, before graduating at Ann Arbor, and on August 20, 
1873, been admitted to the bar by the Circuit Court of Alpena Co., Michi- 
gan, and at that ])lace actively pursued his pi-ofession for several years. 
He then came to Montgomery county, and, in March, 1881, was admitted 
as a member of its bar and has since continued in the general practice 
in the county. 

AVhile at East Saginaw. Mr. Porter served as alderman for two 
years and Judge of the Recorder's (Criminal) Court of the city for one 
year. 

For several years, in addition to his jiractice. Mr. Porter has lent his 
energies to the promotion and building of a line of railroad from Caney, 
south to Bartlesville and is now successfully promoting the development 
of a coal field in the Indian Territory, and other important enterprises. 

GEORGE W. PURCELL was born in Saline county, ]\Iissouri, about 
fifty years ago. and when about grown pursued farming and teaching, 
till about 189.5, when he was admitted to the bar of Montgomery county 
and entered the practice at Caney. which he pursued about three years 
and then located at Baitlesville. Indian Territory, where he practiced 
about two years and then moved to Gray Horse, Indian Territory, where 
he now resides pursuing his profession. 

JOSEPH P. ROSSITER was born at Norristown, Pennsylvania, on 
September 20, 18G9. Ht spent his childhood at Girard. Pennsylvania, 
and graduated at the State School at Edinbcro, in the same State in 
1890. He was principal of several different schools, the last being one of 
the ward schools in the city of Chicago, Illinois. He also has worked 
at life insurance and been connected with building and loan associations. 

He was admitted to ihe bar of Montgomery county on June 28, 
1898, and at once located in the practice of his profession at Coflfeyville 
and has since devoted his time exclusively and successfully to profession- 
al work at that city. 

THOM.VS S. SAEATHIEL was born at Lawrence, in Douglas 



238 IIISTOUV OF MOXTGOXIERV COUNTY. KAXSAS. 

coiiiitv. K;ms:is, in Oclober. 18GG, and a sketch of liis life and family 
genealoiiy is inesented in another place in this volume. 

CAPTAIN HOWARD A. SCOTT was born near I'arker's Landing 
in I>ntler connt\. Tenusylvania, on Ai)ril 7, 1873, and lived there till Sep- 
tember 24. iss:i. when he moved with his parents to Neodesha, Kansas, 
where Ihey s)ient about six months, and then settled on a farm in Syca 
more townshij) in ^Montgomery county, where Mr. Scott remained, 
working on his father's farm until he was eighteen or nineteen years of 
age. He then attended the high school at Neodesha, Kansas, and after- 
ward look a business course in a college at Kansas City, Missouri. He 
was admitted to the bar of Wilson county, by the District Court in Sep- 
tend)er, 1897. and to the bar of this county in January, 1898, after hav- 
ing read law with Hon. T. J. Hudson of Fredonia, Kansas, and after 
having attended a course of lectures delivered at Kansas City, IMissouri, 
by the leading lawyers of that place. Before becoming a member of the 
bar. Cu]>tain Scott had taught four terms of school in this county. At 
tirst he held a third-grade certificate, then a second and finally a first 
grade. .Vfter his admission to the bar, he at once entered the practice at 
Independence, Kansas, and continued in it luitil May 3, 1808, when he 
enlisted in Company "G," Twentieth Kansas Volunteers, and entered the 
Spanish-American War, and spent eighteen months in active military 
life. At the organization of his company he was elected first lieutenant, 
and en February 12, 1899, was promoted to the office of captain and as- 
signed to the command of Company "A" in the same regiment and on 
^larch 1. 1899. was transferred to the command of Company "G." 

During his term in the army he served in threegeneral courts martial, 
one in San Francisco, California, one in JIololos, Philippine Islands, and 
anotlier in the city of ^M^anila, Philippine Islands, in which last two he 
l»resided over the courts. The court in Malolos was held in a cathedral 
that had just previously been occupied by the Filipino National Con- 
gress. 

He was also several times detailed to defend parties on trial before 
courts martial and served in the Philii>pines on Colonel Fuuston's staff 
as ordnance officer. 

On his return from the war, and in the fall of 1S99, he resumed the 
practice of his profession at Independence in which he has continued to 
the i)resent time, and is now deputy county attorney under M'ayo Thom- 
as. 

He was a candidate for the office of judge of the Fourteenth Judicial 
Distiici at the Xovendier. 1902, election and was defeated by Judge Flan- 
iiely, liic present incundjent. 

JOHN :\I. SCT'DDER was one of the pioneer mend.ers of the bar 
of .Montgomery county. He came from Tennessee in the (Id's and first lo- 
cated in Douglas county, and in 18G9 or 1870, came to this countv, where 



III8T0UY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 239 

he first settled ;it Westiiilia or Tarker. He shortly after moved to Cof- 
fe.vville. wlicre for tliree or four years he did an extensive and profitable 
])rofessional Inisiiiess. In 1873, he was a candidate for Judge of the Elev- 
enth Judicial District and was beaten in the race by Judge B. W. Per- 
kins and a few months later moved to St. Louis, Missouri, where he prac- 
ticed for a short time and then located at Virginia City, Illinois, where 
he died about 1S77. Mr. Scndder was a talented man, a fine lawyer, and 
had an eager taste for literature, in which he was well informed. 

OSBORN SHANNON located at Independence about 1871, he hav- 
ing i)reviously been admitted to the bar in Douglas county. He married 
a Miss DeLong, whose father served several terms as mayor of Independ- 
ence, iind as such, made the entry of the townsite. Out of the jjurchase 
and disposition of the land so entered by the mayor, much litigation re- 
sulted for several years and Mr. Shannon was actively engaged in mat- 
ters connected with such entry and disposition of the lands and in the lit- 
igation that ensued. 

About 1876 he returned to Lawrence, where his father, Governor 
Shannon, then one of the most eminent lawyers in the west, resided and 
was practicing. Later Mr. Shannon moved to Chicago, where he died 
a fev,- years ago. He was a genial, companionable and warm-hearted 
man. 

JOHN T. SHOWALTER was admitted to the bar of Montgomery 
county in August, 1871. he having, the year previous, been admitted to 
practice at Ashley, Illinois. He was born at Clarksville, Missouri, July 
27. 1840, and before coming to Kansas had lived with his parents a few 
years in Grant county, Wisconsin, and afterward resided for a time in 
Ohio, and later in Illinois. After his admission to practice, in 1871, he 
opened an otlice here but shortly afterward followed the local land 
office to Neodesha, Kansas, to which place it was moved under orders 
from Washington. Shortly after, the land office was returned to Inde- 
pendence and Mr. Showalter came back with it, and located, entered and 
continued in the practice here until about May, 1872, when he moved to 
Wellington, Kansas, where he has since resided and pursued the business 
of an attorney, real estate and loan agent. 

Since he went to Wellington he has served the public in various of- 
fices, among which are, register of deeds of the county from 1877 to 1879, 
member of the Legislature in 1891, deputy bank commissioner from 1891 
to 1893 and is now serving his term as probate judge of Sumner county, 
to which he was elected in November, 1902. 

MICHAEL SICKAFOOSE was born in Whitney county, In- 
diana. June 12th, 1842, where he was a school teacher until 1868, when 
he was admitted to the bar at Columbia City, in that state. He then en- 
tered the i)ractice and continued there in the same until the spring of 
1873, when he located at Independence, where he practiced law for two 



2^0 HISTORY OF JIOXTGOMERY COI-NTY. KANSAS. 

ycnrs in pni-tneishij) with Jolm S. Cotton, nnder tlip tiiin name of Sick- 
iifoose & Cotton. He then returned to Columbia City where he continued 
tlie iiijictice until 1SS<.». when, on account of failint; health, he moved to 
Lincoln. Nebraska, where he has since lived. Mr. Sickafoose was, while 
here, a talented young lawyer, well read and a courteous gentleman. 

OLIVER P. SMART was born in Union county, Ohio, on December 
13th, 1839, and lived there until August, 18C8, when he went to ^Yarsaw, 
Benton county, Missouri. Prior to leaving Ohio, his life was spent on a 
farm, except six years, while he was a student at the Ohio Wesleyan Uni- 
versity, from which he was graduated in a classical course in 18G9. He 
was admitted to practice in December, 18G9, by the Circuit Court of 
Benton county. Mo., on an examination, after having read law in the of- 
fice of Col. A. C. Barry at Warsaw, Mo. In March, 1870, he located in 
the practice at Independence, and a few months later became a member 
of the law firm of Smart & Foster, which continued in the business until 
Mr. Foster retired, and engaged iu leal estate business. Mr. Snuirt was 
one of the first members of the bar of Montgomery county, having been 
admitted on M''ay 9th. 1870. 

After Mr. Foster retired from the firm, Mr. Smart continued the 
practice "till 1890. and then for the next six years spent his time on a 
farm. In 1806 he returned to Independence, where he has since resided. 
He was county attorney for a short time in 1870, and a member of the 
city council one term. Since his return to Independence iu 1890 Mr. 
Smart has devoted but little time to his profession. 

CEORGE R. SWELLING was from Iowa. He located some years 
ago in the practice of law at Anthony. Kansas, and afterward tilled 
the oHice of Assistant Attorney General for two years under General 
Boyle, during Governor Leedy's administration, ending in 1899. Short- 
ly afterward he located in the practice of his profession at Coffeyville, 
which he has since pursued at that place. 

SAMUEL F. SPENCER w^as born at Greensburg, Kentucky, about 
1850, and was admitted to the bar there about 1871, and practiced at 
ihat place 'till late in 1878, when he located at Independence, Kansas. 
Early in the next year he was admitted to the bar of this county, and 
jiracticed law until about October, 1880, when he moved to Colorado, 
where he remained about six months and then returned to his old home 
in Kentucky. About 1884 he married and moved to California, where he 
pursued his profession 'till he returned to Kentucky about 1890, and 
died there about two years later. 

Mr. Sjicncer was a young gentleman of polished address and of fine 
ability. His father. General Samuel A. Spencer, was a distinguished 
lawyer in Kentucky, and practiced his jirofcssion at Greensburg, that 
state, from his early nuinhood 'till his deatii a few years ago. at the age 
of over ninety years. 



IIISTOUY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY,, KANSAS. 24I 

TFIOMAS H. STANFORD was born at Xew Albany, Indiana, on 
>rar(li Ttli. 1851, and was reared on a farm near Brookston, in that state, 
until he was seventeen years of age. He then taught school for four 
years and was afterward, and on June 17th, 1879, admitted to the bar 
of White county, Indiana, and since that date has devoted his time ex- 
clusively to his profession. After pursuing the practice in Indiana for 
nearly six years, he moved to Kansas and located in the same business 
at Independence, where he was admitted to the Montgomery county bar 
on March 18th, 188,5. He was shortly afterward admitted to the Su- 
preme Court of the state and to the Federal Courts. 

Mr. Stanford now gives his whole time looking after his extensive 
professional business in the various courts above named. The only pub- 
lie position he has ever filled was the office of city attorney for Indepen- 
dence. He was the fusion candidate for Judge of the 11th Judicial Dis- 
trict, then composed of Montgomery, Labette and Cherokee counties, in 
1898, and defeated by Judge A. H. Skidmore, who was elected as his own 
successor. 

L. T. STEPHENSON was one of the earliest practitioners at the bar 
of Jlontgomery county, and was in many respects a most remarkable 
rhaiaiter. He was a man of fine natural ability, indomitable eneigy 
and industry, aggressive and fearless and generally "in a peck of 
trouble," during which times he never failed to furnish the cause of a 
liberal supply of perplexity to his enemies. While his achievements in 
the lu-actice of law, on true si-ientiiic lines, were never conspicuous, his 
jiower and influence were often felt in important cases, especially in the 
numerous land contest suits incident to the settlement of the country 
and in many of the grave criminal cases that arose from the struggks 
between the pioneers. 

Mr. Stephenson wrote a beautiful hand, having spent at one time a 
portion of his life giving writing lessons. He was clerk of the district 
court for one term in the early 70's and performed many of the legitimate 
duties of that office through deputies, while he energetically looked after 
various interests on the outside. He was one of the very foremost men in 
locating and laying out the townsite of Independence, and was ever on 
the alert in looking after the welfare of the city, when it was struggling 
in its infancy. He located on a valuable claim at the southeast corner of 
the townsite and became involved in a number of suits and contests over 
it and adjoining lands. These contests in the U. S. Land Office and suits 
in the District Court lasted for years and were bitterly fought and very 
expensive, and during their progress Mr. Stephenson was, in the night, 
shot at on two different occasions, and at one of these times his life was 
probably preserved by a large gold collar button against which the bul- 
let lodged. On another occasion he "horse-whipped" on the public streets, 
the mayor, with whom he was having a contest in the land office. He 



242 HISTORY OP MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

finally built a flue house on one of the most sightly places near the city, 
and traded a lot of his lands south of his home, for a herd of thorough 
bred, short horn cattle, and for several years peacefully devoted his en- 
ergies to raising fine cattle. This business, as was generally his misfor- 
tune in all he undertook, resulted in financial loss, his hcmie burned 
down and he finally lost all his property and a few years ago, at the age 
of about sixty years, went to the Rocky ilountains. where, through some 
of his close friends, he became interested in mining. He carried with 
him all the appearances of the activity and energy that were character- 
istic of his younger days, and the absolute confidence of quickly realizing 
a fortune in the new enterprise. "Colonel Sellers" was never a greater 
optimist than was L. T. Stephenson. 

MR. SWEENEY was an elderly gentleman in 1ST2. and lived 

in Wilson county. He was admitted to the bar of Montgomery county 
in December of that year, but never entered the practice in this county. 
He did some practice in Wilson county and died in that county a few 
years ago. 

JOSEPH STEWART was born in Allen county, Kansas, October 
30th, 18.59, where he was reared. After working in the Humboldt bank 
two or three years he, at the age of twenty years, joined his father, Hon. 
Watson Stewart, at Independence, and worked in his otHce about two 
years, when he went to Washington as the private secretary of Congress- 
man Fimston, and served in that capacity 'till about 1883, when he went 
into the service of the Government in its Postoffice Department, where 
he remained for aboiit five or six years and then came to Independence, 
where he was admitted to the bar of Montgomery county about 1889. 

After remaining here a few months he located in the jJi'^ctice at 
Kansas City and pursued his jirofession there and in Allen county, Kan- 
sas, for about two years and then, about 1891, returned to Washington 
and entered the Postottice Department as an important oflficial and has 
since remained there. 

While serving as private secretary to Mr. Funston, he began read- 
ing law. during his leisure hours, and afterward took a course in the law 
department of the Columbia University at Washington, from which he 
was graduated, and then, in 188.5, admitted to practice in the courts of 
record in that city and afterward to the SupnMne Court of the United 
Staes. 

PHILIP L. SWATZELL was born in Crittenden ccmnty, Kentucky, 
on May 4th, 1805. After coming to Kansas he settled at Elk City, in this 
county, where he worked at the carpenter's trade until he accumulated 
sufficient funds to enable him to take a course at the State University 
of Kansas. After having graduated from the law department of that 
institution he was, on the Kith day of June, 1892, admitted to the bar of 
Douglas county, Kansas, and at once entered upon, and has since con- 



IIISTOItV 01' M(I.\T(;(IMEUV COUNTY, KANSAS. 243 

tinupd. the practice of his piofession at Elk City. He was mayor of Elk 
City one year, ending April lOth. 1893, assistant postmaster at the same 
l)lace for" four years, ending October 20th, 1894, United States Census 
I^nunicrator for Loui.sburg township and assistant to the chief clerk of 
(he Legislatures of 1901 and 190.3. 

\^'. O. SYLVESTER was admitted to practice in the District Court 
of Montgomery county in April, 1872, and practiced here for a few years, 
a [lortion of which time in partnership with Mr. S. A. Hall, under the 
rtrm name of Hall & Sylvester. 

JUDGE MARTIN BRADFORD SOULE. the present Probate Judge 
of the county, is extensively mentioned in the department of this volume 
devoted to biographies of our citizens. 

M. (". SHE WALTER located at Cherry vale in the practice of law in 
the SO's, having gone to that place from the State of Missouri. He was 
admitted to the bar of Mnotgomery county December 16th, 1887, and 
jtracticed law here for several years and then returned to Missouri. Mr. 
Shewalter was a talented man and a well versed lawyer, and was pre- 
vented from doing a larger professional business by his frail physical 
health. During the time he was at our bar his ability as a lawyer was 
well known by his professional brothers, all of whom held him in the 
highest esteem. 

WILBUR F. TAYLOR was admitted to the bar of Montgomery 
county about 1880 and located and parcticed at Independence about two 
years, and then went west. He came here from Lafayette, Indiana. 

J. M. THOMPSON was admitted to the bar of the county about 1882 
and practiced here a few months and then went to McCune, Kansas, and 
shortly afterward moved to Iowa, from where he soon afterward went to 
Oregon, where he now resides. 

CALVIN C. THOMPSON was born in :\r-adison county, Indiana, on 
January 19th. 18.5.5. and lived there and in LaSalle c(mnty. Illinois, until 
September 23rd, 1880, when he was admitted to practice law at Ottawa, 
Illinois, and on December 23rd of the same jear became a member of the 
Montgomery county bar. After his admission here he devoted about 
fifteen years to the practice of his profession and then engaged in the in 
surance and real estate business, which he has since pursued at Cherry- 
vale, Kansas. During his residence at Cherry vale he has served on the 
school board of the city and was president of the board one year. 

MAYO THOMAS was born in Tipton county, Indiana, on January 
29th, 18(!9, and is of Scotch Irish descent. When eight years of age he 
iiidvcd with his paients to Reno county, Kansas, where they lived five 
years, and thence to Elk county, where he lived 'till about 1897, when 
he located in the practice of law at Independence. He was admitted to 
the bar of Elk county at Howard, on February 5th, 1897, and to the 
Jfontgomery county bar in May of the same year, and has, since the date 



244 UKSTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

of his ndiiiissioii here, devoted his time exclusively to the practice at In- 
deiieiHlenco, where he ucnv resides. 

Ill ISST Ml. Thomas entered, as a siiidciit. Tlic Ottawa I'liiversity, 
where he found employment to sustain him throuj;h a four years' course, 
by doing chores and janitor work. AVhile at the university, by the ex- 
cellence of his work, he won the Nash prize, which had been otfered to the 
student, of the Freshman or Sophomore class, passing the best exami- 
nation in Natural History. After leaving this institution he taught 
school, and then, in 1803, entered the law department of the University 
of Kansas. At the Eleventh Annual State University Oratorical Contest 
on January 26th, 1894, he was awarded the third prize and at the spring 
oratorical contest, at the same institution, he was on April 27th, 1894, 
awarded the second prize. 

He served as clerk (if tlic nisiiict Court of Howard cdunty during 
1895 and 1890, and in 1897 was appointed by Governor Leedy. on the 
State Board of Pardons, where he served 'till 1899, when he resigned. 

At the general election in November, 1902, he was elected county at- 
torney — he being the only candidate elected on the Democratic ticket— 
and he is now jierforming the duties of that office. 

W. H. TIBBILS became a member of our bar April 17th, 1874, and 
located in the practice at Coft'eyville, Kansas, where he pursued his pro- 
fession for a number of years. He then moved to Sedan, Kansas, where 
he practiced several years and then returned to Coft'eyville about 1890, 
and after practicing there some time, located at Vinita, Indian Territory, 
and pursued his profession there "till about 1900, when he died. At the 
time of his death, he was United States Probate Commissioner and per- 
forming duties similar to those imposed upon our probate court. 

JUDGE WM. F. TURNER was, at a very early day, a prominent 
member of the bar of Montgomery county. He was boru in Milton, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1816, and spent his boyhood in that state, Mississippi and 
Louisiana. His father. Dr. James P. Turner, was appointed General 
Land Commissioner for the States of Mississippi and Louisiana in 1826, 
through the influence of Henry Clay, then Secretary of State. His office 
was at Bayou Sara, Louisiana, where young Turner served under his 
father for six years. After Dr. Turner's removal by the General Jack- 
son administration — two years of his term being under "Old Hickory"— 
he moved to Mt. Vernon, Ohio, and William ciitcied Gambler College, 
at Gambier, Ohio, from which he was graduated in the class of about 
1835, along with ex-President Rutherford P.. Hayes and ex- Justice Stan- 
ley Matthews. After graduating, he read law at Jilt. Vernon, Ohio, and 
was admitted to the bar in that lity, about IS.'iS, where he practiced as 
a nieml)er of the firm of Butler, jiiller & Turner until 1854, when he 
moved to Keokuk, Iowa, and entered the practice at that place in part- 
nership with Hon. John A. Kasson, who afterward served twenty years 



HISTORY OF MOXTCO.MEKY COVNTY, KANSAS. 245 

in Congress and then becaiiio sonipwliat famous as a diplomat in state 
affairs. 

In 1863 Judge Tuiiier was a]i]ioiiite(l liy Tresident Lincoln. Chief 
Justice of the Territory of Arizona, wliicli position he filled nearly seven 
years. He then, about 187(1. located in the practice at Independence, 
Kansas, as a member of the law firm of Turner & Ralstin — after having 
lived a short time at Colleyville. After pursuing his ]irofession about 
ten 3'ears he retired from it and engaged in banking business at Indepen- 
dence in partnership witli Wni. E. Otis, under the firm name of Turner 
& Otis. This new venture was at first very prosperous, but after a few 
years resulted in financial disaster, and a few years later Judge Turner 
and his estimable wife returned to their former home in Ohio, where she 
died, and he then moved to Indianapolis, where three years later, on 
December 24th, 1900, he died at the age of eighty-four years, of senile 
decay. 

THOMAS E. WAGSTAFF was born at Galesburg, Illinois, July 
23rd, 1875. and at the age of two years moved to Kansas City, Mo., where 
he lived until April 10th. 1870. when he went to Lawrence. Kansas, where 
he resided until 1897. While at Lawrence he attended the University of 
the state, from which he was graduated just before he was admitted to 
the bar of Douglas county, on June 8th. 1897. He afterward, at the New 
York University, in 1898, took a post graduate course in the law depart- 
ment of that institution, and since then has been in the active practice 
of his profession. 

He located at Coffeyville in 1899, and was admitted to the bar of 
Montgomery county on the 12th day of August in that year, and has 
since resided in that city. MV. Wagstatf was graduated from the Kansas 
University on June 8th. 1897. with the degree of L. L. B., and from the 
University of New York on June 21st, 1898. with the degree of L. L. M. 
While at the University at Lawrence, he was a member of the Honorary 
Law Fraternity, the Phi Delta Phi, Green Chapter, which was installed 
at the University of Kansas April 10th, 1897. He also belonged to the 
Sigma Chi Fraternity while in college and is a Mason and an Elk. 

Since Mr. Wagstatf took up his residence at Coffeyville, he has sei'ved 
one year as attorney for that city, from April 3rd, 1900, to April 3rd, 
1901, was judge of the court of Coffeyville from October 1st, 1901, to 
February 7th, 1902, and was, during' the last half of 1902, assistant 
county attorney. 

He was recently wedded to Miss Jennie Wilson, an estimable young 
lady, who was born and reared in Independence, and was a daughter of 
E. E. Wilson, who, for years before his death, was one of the most promi- 
nent citizens of Independence. 

RICHARD A. WADE came to Independence from Western Missouri 
and joined the bar of Montgomery county. September 4th, 1879. After 



246 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERV COUNTY, KANSAS. 

practicing law here for a few years, he moved to Chicago and entered the 
practice in that city, where he now resides. 

L. C. WATERS was an active practitioner at the bar of Montgom- 
«ry county for nearly twenty years. He was atllicted with a frail con- 
stitution and for years made a heroic struggle with a pulmonary disease 
that carried him away, less than a year ago. 

MARSHALL O. WAGNER was one of the pioneer lawyers at the 
bar here. He came from ('leveland, Ohio, and entered the practice with 
a very fine library for those days iu this country. 

While here he became the owner of a very .sightly and valuable tract 
of land about a nule west of Independence, which was long after he left 
the country known as the "Wagner Tract," and was purchased by J. H. 
Pugh, and is now owned by some of the heirs to his estate. Mr. Wagner 
returned to Cleveland about 1872 and has since lived there. 

GEORGE W. WARNER was. at the :May. 1871. term of the District 
Court of Montgomery county, admitted to the bar. He never after en- 
tered the practice here. 

JUDGE W. H. WATKINS became a member of the bar of Mont- 
gomery county in its infancy, but never engaged here in the practice 
of the" profession, for which his natural talents and learning well fitted 
Tiim. He was the first probate judge elected in the county, and served 
in that oflBce one term, ending in January, 1873, with marked ability. 

He founded the "Kansan" at Independence in the fall of 1873, and 
a^bly edited and published the same for five or six years when he sold it 
and moved to California. 

SAMUEL WESTON was bom at Bangor, Penobscot county, Maine, 
in 1857. He resided there and at Newton and Boston, Massachusetts, 
until he moved to Chicago and studied law in the office of his cousin, 
Hon. Melvin Weston Fuller, now Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of 
-the United States. 

He afterward located at Elk City, in the Spring of 1879, and in the 
same year, after having passed a very searching examination in open 
court, was admitted to the Ijar by the District Court of Montgomery 
«ounfy. After his admission he at once entered the practice of his pro- 
fession at Elk City, Kansas, which he successfully pursued 'till 1893, 
-when he moved to Pond Creek, Oklahoma, where he continued in the 
same business. While residing in Oklahoma he tilled, for one term of 
two years, the office of county attorney of Grant county. 

A few years ago, on account of poor health, Mr. Weston retired 
from llic itractice and went to Meade. Kansas, where he engaged in the 
lundier business. 

S. T. WIGGINS was admitted to the bar of Mbntgomery county 
•about 18!)7 and pursued the practiie a few months at Coffeyville, when he 



HlSTOPvY OV MONn.OMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 247 

moved to the Indian Territory where he was afterward joined in the 
practice bv his former law partner, G. AY. Fitzpatrick. 

A I)."WILL1S became a member of the bar of Montgomery county 
August, 1871. but did not enter the practice here. 

GREENBURY WRIGHT was admitted to the bar of Montgomery 
county in August, 1871. on the certficate of his admission to practice in 
Illinois. He did not afterward engage in the practice in this county. 

ALBERT L. WILSON was born in Anderson county, Kansas, on 
November 12, 180(1. and resided there on a farm until he was seventeen 
years of age. when he commenced teaching school and reading law. He 
was admitted to the bar of Montgomery county September 9, 1S82, after 
having studied some time in the office of Hon. John D. Hinkle at Cherry- 
vale. At the date of his admission he was under twenty-two years of age, 
and in the thorough examination by a committee in open court, he evinc- 
ed a full comprehension of the basic principles of the science of law. 
After his examination he at once located and entered the practice at 
Cherryvale, Kansas, where he soon built up a remunerative business, 
which" he well maintained till he moved, a few months ago. to Kansas City, 
Missouri, where he now resides, and is pursuing his profession. During 
Mr. Wilson's professional career here he was one of the leading lawyers 
of tho county and a successful practitioner at the bar. In the trial of 
causes, he was cool, deliberate and thoroughly self possessed and his 
cases were very generally well prepared and ably handled. 

CORNELIUS WYCKOFF was admitted to the bar of Montgomery 
county on M'ay 9, 1870. on the certificate of his admission to practice in 
Illinois, but never engaged in the practice of his profession in the 
county. 

COL. ALEXANDER M. YORK was at one time a leading member 
of the bar of Montgomery county, to which he was admitted in August, 
1871. 

He was born at Byron. Illinois, July 7, 1838, and admitted to prac- 
tice iu Carroll county, in that State, on December 31. 1861, and at once en- 
tered the practice at Lanark, Illinois. On September 4, 1863, he enlisted 
in the Ninety-second Illinois Volunteers and remained in the army till 
the close of the war, and was mustered out of the service in April, 1866. 
He entered the army as a private soldier and was then commissioned as 
second lieutenant of Company "I" of his regiment and, in 1863, promoted 
to the First Lieutenancy of the same company. In 1864 he was commis- 
sioned as Captain of Company "G." Fifteenth Colored Infantry, and af- 
terward, in the same year, raised to the rank of colonel of that regiment. 

After leaving the army Col. Y'ork began the practice of his profes- 
sion at Shelbina. Missouri, in partnership with Col. J. W. Shaur, and 
afterward, in March. 1871, located at Independence, Kansas, where he, 
in company with Governor L. U. Humphrey and W. T. Yoe, established 



-248 UlsroK'l 111 MUN TGli.MKUY COUXTY, KAXSAS. 

aiul coiKliii-icd Till' South Kansas Tiibime. A little more than a year 
latei- the Ciiloiicl and the (Toveruor. haviug sold their interests inthenews- 
paper. liinniMJ a paitnership to practice law, under the firm name of 
York & lliiiuiiliicy. This firm at once established a profitable practice 
which it tirnily held and increased for about five years, wlien tlie Gover- 
nor began his political career in which he became distinguis»ied, and the 
Colonel went to Louisiana and remained there two years, where he was 
interested in mail contracts in that State and in Texas. He then went to 
Fort Scott. Kansas, and became interested in the "York Nursei-y." in 
which business he continued five or six years. Since then he has been en- 
gaged in the real estate business at xarious places and is now located at 
Denver, Colorado, in that pursuit. 

While Colonel Y'ork was a num of fine native ability, and possessed 
a well trained mind, and was learned in the law, he lacked some of the 
necessary attributes to a successful life in the most learned of all profes- 
sions. He could never have been the i)lodding. methodical and tireless stu- 
dent, that closely analyzes and ri.ses to eminence in the law. He was too 
active, zealous and enthusiastic for that; he could not "sit down and con- 
tentedly waif for anything. He was a remarkably fluent and forceful 
public sjieaker. either at the bar or on the rostrum. Indeed on one occa- 
sion his oratory was superb and the student of Kansas history will, long 
after he is dead, read with pleasure and astonishment, his extraordinary 
ex tempore speech made in 1873 to the joint convention of the two Houses 
of the Kansas Legislature, in exposing the attempted bribery by U. S. Sen- 
ator Pomeroy, of members of the Kansas Legislature. Col. York was then 
rei)resenting Montgomery county in the State Senate and closed his won- 
derful effort in these words: "I stand in the presence of this august and 
honorable body of representatives of the sovereign people; and before the 
Almighty Ruler of the I'niverse, I solemnly declare and affirm that every 
word T have si)oken is God's truth and nothing but the truth." 

jriXiE WILLIA:M EDWAKD Z1E(;L1:R was born in Cumberland 
county, Pennsylvania, in 18."i!i, and was reared near Mechanicsburg, in 
that State, teaching school and farming till he was about nineteen 
yeai-s of age. when he moved to Independence and began the study of law 
in the office of his brother. Hon. J. P.. Ziegler. After pursuing his stud- 
ies till March. ISStl, he. then scarcely twenty-one years of age, made ap- 
plication to the District Court of this county for admission to practice, 
and after a searching examination by a committee in open court, was 
adiiiitted without iiesitaiicy, as he evinced a clear conception of the rudi- 
ments of file science, and plainly showed that he was a thoroughly 
trained student of lilackstone's Coiiimentaries and other necessary text 
books. 

.\ftcr his adiiiission. he at once ciilcrcd the |.i-arlice at Indeiiendence 
iind has since devoted his time exclusively to his cho.seu profession. Af- 



HISTOUY OP MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 249 

tiM- liciiiji in ilie practice at hulei)en(]ence for about ei};lit years, he was 
chosen city attorney, wliich office he then filled for five and one-half 
years, ending in 181)8. At the fjeneral election in November, 1892, he 
was elected county attorney, and at the end of his term re-elected and 
served two terms in that public callin};;, ending in January, 1897. After 
the end of his second term as county attorney, Mr. Ziegler moved to and 
located at Coffeyville, where he at once established for himself a profit- 
able business in his profession, and is now residing there, pursuing the 
practice. 

During the time .Judge Ziegler has lived at ("offeyville he filled for 
nearly two years, from ]\Parch. 1899, to October, 1901, the important of- 
fice of Judge of the court of Coffeyville, which is a tribunal of extensive 
jurisdiction extending over the county. 

WINFIELD 8. ZENOR joined our bar about 1880 and in partner- 
ship with B. S. E^euderson, under the firm name of Henderson & Zenor, 
practiced law here several years. He then returned to his former home 
in Indiana and subsequently moved to Missouri, wlicie he now resides, 
devoting a portion of his time to teaching. 

JOSEPH' B. ZIEGLER was born in Cumberland county, Pennsyl- 
vania, on the 19th day of May, 1843, and lived on a farm, in that 
county, until he was seventeen years of age. when he entered Dickinson 
College, at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, from which he was graduated in 1864, 
after a classical course of four years. He then enlisted as a private sol- 
dier in Company ''A," One Hundred and First Pennsylvania Veteran 
Volunteer Infantry, and served till the <-lose of the Civil War and wat? 
mustered out the last of June, 180."). 

He, after leaving the army, took up the study of law and was admit- 
ted to the bar at Carlisle. I'ennsylvania, in 1867, and the next year 
moved to Leavenworth, Kansas, where he was admitted, in 1868, and en- 
tered and continued the practice there till the spring of 1870, when he 
locatfid at Oswego, Kansas. 

A year later he joined the bar of Montgomery county, and since 
then has, for over thirty-two years, devoted all his time and energies to 
his chosen profession at Independence. 

He first entered the practice at Independence as a partner in the 
then well-known law firm of :McCne & Ziegler, and after the dissolution 
of that firm, about a year later, continued the practice alone until about 
1885, when the law firm of J. P.. & ^^'. E. Ziegler was formed, and he has 
since pursued his profession, as the senior member of this copartner- 
ship, which has an office under his charge at Independence, and another 
at Coffeyville under the control of his partner. 

In the practice, ilr. Ziegler made a specialty of commercial law, 
and in the early 70's established an extensive business in that branch, 
which extended over a number of counties in Southeastern Kansas ami 



250 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

far rioutli into the Indian Territory. This business was very profitable 
^md was maintained and increased from year to year until Congress, in 
1898, passed a bankrupt law, which, in a great measure, had the effect of 
greatly lessening the value of the services of the alert and proficient col- 
lection attoiney. This resulted from the fact that under the provisions 
of that law the creditor ''coming in at the eleventh hour" shared pro rata 
with those whose activity would otherwise have secured to them a valua- 
ble advantage. 

xVdded to the loss thus sustained, Mr. Ziegler bad the misfortune, in 
February, 1809, of losing by a destructive fire, his fine law library and 
his office with its entire contents, including a well devised and thorough- 
ly indexed office brief book, covering about every conceivable question 
that could arise in commercial law, and which he had been compiling for 
a quarter of a century or nuire. 

Mr. Ziegler enjoys tlie distinction of having been in the continuous 
practice at the Montgomery county bar for a longer period than any oth- 
er of its members; of having been a member of the county's bar longer 
than any other member now in the practice here, and of being one of the 
two members that practiced here during the 70's, and still in the active 
practice, the other being Hon. A I*. Clark who was at the bar during 
nine years of that decade. 

WILLIAM DT-NKIX— (I'rei.aml by fx-Covenior Humphrey, at re- 
quest of ].ublislier)— Mr. William l>nnkin was horn at Flint Hill in Rap- 
})ahaiino(k county. ^'irgiIlia. April 7. ISl."). His jtarents belonged to old 
Virginia families whose record runs back to Colonial days, and on down 
tlirougli the jieriod of the American Hevolution. 

The father, though a slave holder, was, in fact, opposed to the insti- 
tution of slavery and. like many other Southern men of his time, hoped 
for its ultimate abolition. During the Civil War, as before, he was an 
unconditional Union man and stoutly supported the Federal govern- 
ment throughout that memorable struggle for its existence. He lived 
to see the Union preserved, slavery destroyed, and died June 23, 1868. 
It may, however, be said that, while the subject of this sketch took no 
part in the controversies of those days, he was not in full accord with 
his father's political views and failed to fully appreciate their wisdom 
until years afterward. 

The son, William, when less than a year old, moved with his father's 
family to Harrison county, Virginia. His father was a physician and his 
family consisted of his wife and two step-children (W. M. and Mary 0. 
Late) and an infant daughter and the subject of this sketch. The doctor 
and his wife and step-children owned a number of slaves, which were 
brought to the new home of nearly one thousand acres, which was pur- 
chased in 184G and located about four miles from Clarksburg — and ad- 
jacent to Bridgeport — and on which a large stone house was built, 



UISTUKY OF .MUNIXlO.MliUV COUNTY, KANSAS. 251 

■nhei-e William Dnukin, Jr., and the family of eight chiuldren were 
reared. 

The doctor, soon after his arrival in Harrison county, established 
a lucrative practice which he held for fifteen years, when he retired, and 
resigjied his eteusive professional business to his step-son, who had 
graduated in medicine from the University of Pennsylvauia at Philadel- 
phia. 

Up to the breaking-out of the Civil War. in 1861, William Dunkin, 
Jr., and his brothers and sisters received only such education as the 
primitive subscription schools in that new country afforded, and during 
the war, their home being near the line of hostility between contending 
armies, but slight educational ojiitortunities were offered. However, this 
lack was, in a manner, conii>ensated for in the instruction received by 
the children from their father and private tutors at their home. 

At the age of eighteen years. William Dunkin took "French leave" 
of his parents and went to New York City where he spent four months 
in the oflflce of Edward P. Clark, a distinguished lawyer in that city, and, 
upon his return home, was forgiven and sent to the academy at Morgan- 
town. West "N'irginia — the jiresent State University — where he began a 
classical course. Eight months later, he left this school, on account of 
impaired health, and remained at home until 1871, having, in the mean- 
time, administered on his father's estate. Some of the assets af the 
estate being located in the State of Michigan, he spent the winter of 1871 
and 1872 there and, having closed up its affairs, he went to Lawrence, 
Kansas, and began the study of law in the office of Thacher & Banks 
in that historic city. After about one year of preparation he was ex- 
amined by a committee and admitted to practice law in the District 
Court of Douglas county. Kansas, and a few months after, in the Su- 
preme Court of the State. In March. 1873. he opened the office in Inde- 
pendence, Kansas, which he still occupies. 

Though remarkably free from personal vanity, Mr. Dunkin felt the 
just and laudable pride of a true Virginian in the splendid history of his 
native State — the Mother of Presidents; but as a young and ambitious 
lawyer he drew his controlling in.spiration from the more enduring fame 
of the Pinckneys, the Marshalls, the Wirts and other great jurists and 
lawyers of Virginia whose brilliant careers have so profoundly impress- 
ed the judicial history of the country, and shed imperishable luster upon 
the American bar. Indeed he was guided, from the start, by the well- 
known advice of William Wirt to a yonng lawyer, ''to read law like a 
horse, pursue it indefatigably and suffer no butterfly's wings or stones 
to draw you aside from it.'' Accordingly, he resisted the temptation 
that conies to so many young attorneys to dabble in politics, or other 
lines of business, and confined himself exclusively to the study and prac- 
tice of his chosen profession. Notwithstanding his unusually thorough. 



252 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

equipment, in the way of preliminary study, he devoted bis leisure time 
to his books with remarkable assiduity. 

He did not long wait for t-lients. Almost from the beginning, busi- 
ness came to bini and in less than a year he was retained in much of the 
more imi)ortant litigation pending in our courts. He rapidly acquired a 
jtracticc rliat kc])t him busily employed, not only in the District Courts 
of this and neigliboring counties, but extending to the Supreme and Fed- 
eral Courts of Kansas. 

His practice grew upon him steadily until it taxed his energies and 
time to the utmost limit, though few men equaled him in that peculiar 
faculty of dispatching business rapidly and well done. This practice he 
held for nearly a quarter of a century, down to the last few years, when 
he voluntarily relinquished part of it, in a measure, retiring from active 
professional work ; retaining, however, his large library and his old oflBce, 
or "work-shop," as he calls it. where he has spent so many of the best 
and busiest years of a strenuous professional life. 

Of an active temperament, and being as vigorous as ever, both men- 
tally and physically, he seems loth to entirely abandon his work as a law- 
yer and still retains a limited clientage among his old friends — includ- 
ing his attorneyship for the Santa Fe Railway Company — and acts as 
advisory counsel in the more important cases, especially in connection 
with the younger members of the bar, who consult him freely and draw 
liberally upon him for his judgement and advice. 

In addition to this Mr. Dunkin devotes much time and attention to 
his extensive private business concerns, including the care of his large 
and valuable real estate holdings, taking special pride and interest in 
the management of his extensive farm properties in Montgomery county. 

The very marked success of ^Ir. Dunkin as a lawyer, is easily ac- 
counted for by those who know liim best. First, his natural gifts and 
mental endowments were decidedly favorable to the legal profession. 
Second, his preliminary training and education for the bar wei-e thor- 
ough. Third, he supplemented these advantages by devoting his leisure 
to hard and persistent study of the law, after coming to the bar, observ- 
ing Wirt's advice, before quoted, most faithfully. He thus became a 
strong lawyer, fully armed and equipped at every point, displaying a 
versatility of legal talent that was, to say the least, remarkable; and it 
is no dis])aragement to others to say, that as an all-round lawyer, he has 
had no superior at the Mlontgomerv county bar, one of the strongest in 
the State. 

To his thorough knowledge of the general principles of law, he adds a 
remarkable clearness of judgment in the application of these principles 
to the facts of the case under consideration, so that he is seldom mis- 
taken as to the remedy to be invoked or the facts necessary to entitle a 
client to the relief asked for. He is skillful and resourceful in the trial 



nisTonv OF Montgomery county, Kansas. 253 

of causes, especially in the examinatiou and cross-examination of wit- 
nesses. Elie is especially strong in the art of developing, marshaling and 
jtresenting testimony to the best advantage in support of his theory of a 
given case, and very artful in the examination of witnesses called to give 
expert testimony, particularly medical or surgical in character. 

As an advocate, he att'ects neither the flowers of rhetoric, nor the 
finer graces of oratory; and yet, he is a strong, ready and fluent speaker. 
His success as an advocate lies in clear thinking, cogent reasoning, an 
earnest and forcei'ul manner, with an instinctive grasp of the salient 
questions of law and fact involved in the cases at bar. 

Mr. Dunkin is further aided in the trial of causes by the unbounded 
confidence of court, jury and his brethren of the bar in his absolute sin- 
cerity and the high .sense of honor and probity which characterize his 
conduct at the bar, and in all the relations of life. It is safe to assert 
that (hiring his longer service at the bar of the county, his word, once giv- 
en, his promise once made, concerning the management of cases pending, 
was ac(ej)ted with implicit confidence by his fellow lawyers, who never 
challenged or called in question the good faith or motives of his conduct. 

He detests the sharp practices and doubtful methods occasionally 
employed by some, and at all times seeks to practice law on the high 
piano of an honorable and learned profession. 

These well-known traits have contributed much to his standing with 
the courts and juries, giving him the victory in many a closely contested 
case, where the scales of justice seemed evenly balanced. 

His conduct toward the court is ever respectful and dignified, but 
he never sought special favors from the bench. He asks only for fair 
treatment, relying on the law and the facts of his case, jealous of his 
rights as an attorney, and the interests of his client under the law which 
he has undertaken to protect. 

His relations with his fellow-members-of-the-bar are always cordial 
and friendly, and his treatment of them uniformly courteous and manly. 
While he is justly regarded as a dangerous antagonist in the trial and 
management of hotly contested lawsuits, yet he commands the respect 
and confidence of both bench and bar by the frank and open methods 
that ever characterize his coui'se both in his private and professional 
business. He never recognized the false distinction sometimes attempt- 
ed between personal and professional integrity, and, as a lawyer, he 
has ever observed the same high standard of ethics, and lofty conception 
of honor that governed him in all the walks of life. His reward has been 
rich in a long and successful career at the bar, and in the unqualified 
respect and confidence of his ])rofessional brethren, whii-h he richly de- 
serves and enjoys; a well merited tribute — ''more precious than rubies" 
— to his learning, integrity and ability as a lawyer. 

Though a close student of political questions, and keenly interested 



254 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

in imlilic atVairs. Mr. Duukin uever soiioht political preferment. He 
served a term or two as city attorney of Independence, and also as may- 
or, at a time when important pnblic interests seemed to call for espe- 
cially careful attention regardless of partisan considerations; and it 
is nee<lless to say that he discharged the duties of these public trusts 
faithfully and efficiently, displaying a high order of ability for public 
affairs, both executive and administrative. 

Too broad and tolerant in his mental makeup to be a rabid partisan, 
he is jiolitically a Democrat of the Jefferson school. Positive in his 
convictions as to principles and policies, he is so fair and liberal in his 
conduct toward those who hold a different political faith, as to com- 
mand the general respect and confidence of all his fellow citizens; and 
even his closest personal friendshijis and professional associations have 
been formed and maintained absolutely regardless of party lines. When 
he transplanted himself from Virginia to Kansas, had he followed the 
example of many others, and allied himself with the dominant lEepub- 
Hcan) party, in which he had so many personal friends, there is little 
room for doubt that he would have found an open door to a successful 
political career, if his tastes and ambitions had inclined in that direc- 
tion. He fully realized, however, that "the law is a jealous mistress;'' 
that eminence in the legal profession requires a constancy of applica- 
tion that forbids the dissipation of time and energy necessary to the inir- 
suit of political distinction, which, at best, is but transitory and fraught 
with untold disappointments, vanity and vexation of spirit. 

Probably, only judicial honors ever tempted him, as they do most 
lawyers at times, but these, like political honors, in Kansas, are cast in- 
to the general partisan hotch potch and controlled by the conventions of 
the dominant political party to which Mr. Dunkin does not belong, 
though within its ranks he has hosts of personal friends who would be 
glad 10 see him round out his long and successful career at the bar, by 
an experience on the bench for which his talents and life work so emi- 
nently fit him. 

To the younger as])irants for i)rofessional honors at the bar. the 
career of William Dnukin is valuable as a striking example of the suc- 
cess that can come only by the singleness of purpose, diligently jmrsued, 
which held him to his books and his briefs "without variableness or 
shadow of turning," coupled with a true conception of the high calling 
of a lawyer in connection with the administration of justice, concerning, 
as it does, the most vital affairs of society. 

Whatever the future may hold in store for Mr. l^unkin in a profess- 
sional way, his record as a lawyer, already made, is certainly a most 
gratifying one to him. as it surely is to his multitude of friends. Like 
a veleran soldier, justly iinrnd of the scars received as he stood on the 
"perilous edge of baiilc" on many historic fields, Mr. Dunkin can survey 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 255 

and review with modest and becoming pride and satisfaction, his quarter 
century of active service at the bar. with its conflicts fierce and furious, 
its battles lost and won, its varied experiences, both pleasurable and ex- 
citing, that make up the life work of a busy lawyer; a retrospect, sad- 
dened only by the recollections of so many members of the Montgomery 
county bar, once so bright and active in the years gone by. who have re- 
moved to other fields of labor, or have gone to "that undiscovered coun- 
try from whose bourne no traveler returns." 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 



BIOGRAPHIES 



EBENEZER ERSKIN'E WILSON— One of the incorporators of the 
conutv seat of Jlnntf^oniciy county and tlie jiioneer merchant of that city, 
was the late subject of this memoir, E. E. Wilson. His life, from that 
August day in 18()9, when he first occupied a spot on the Independence 
townsite. to the day of his death, August 28th, 1894, was a leading and 
active spirit in the public affairs of the county and by the character of 
his citizenship won the confidence and esteem of his city and county. 

Ebenezer E. Wilson was a native of the "Keystone State." He was 
born at Elizabeth, in Allegheny county, November 21st, 1838, and was 
reared on his father's farm. His father provided him with only the ad- 
vantages of a country school education. When the Rebellion came on 
his }(atriotic enthusiasm led him to enlist as a private soldier at McKees- 
port. Pennsylvania. Ajiril 22nd, 18(;i, but he was rejected because of a 
crip]iled hand. Sejitember 2.">th. of the same year, he enlisted in Company 
"C," of the 2nd West Virginia Cav., and passed into the service without 
question. His record shows his service to have been meritorious and he 
received promotions from the ranks to a captain's commission, as fol- 
lows: Sergeant, November 1st, 1S(>2; Orderly Sergeant. October Kith, 
ISeS; Second Lieutenant, April 0th. I8ti4; First Lieutenant. November 
20th. 1864; Captain, January Tth, 18(i5, and, as such, was mustered out 
at Wheeling, West Virginia, June .30th, 18C5. 

Returning home he remained a citizen of his native stale 'till March, 
1867. when he immigrated to Kansas, settling at Fontana, where he main- 
tained his residence 'till August, 1860, when he drove into Montgomery 
county with the goods necessary to stock a small store in the proposed 
town of Independence. It was the first stock of goods brought to the 
place and the expense of getting them to their destination was f2.25 per 
hundred pounds. The building in which he installed it was one with 
dimensions 14x24 feet, and cost .foOO.OO. It was one story high and the 
business that was done within its walls rendered it an important mart 
of trnde in those days. In company with F. D. Irwin, he began business 
(October 1st. and the partnership lasted two years. He was one of the 
earliest business men of Elk City, where he was identified perhaps two 
yeais, but his chief concern was for his favorite. Independence, and he 
maintained his residence there in almost unbroken continuance for 
twenty five years. His high standing as a citizen commended him to the 
best consideration of the voters of the town and county and he held sev- 




E E. WILSON. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 257 

eral oHircs. hcjiiiiniiif; with tliaf of Mayor of Iiulepeiidence. He 
was a iiieniber Of the board of trustees, who incorporated the town July 
23rd, 1870, and the next year was elected its chief executive officer. In 
1S74. he was aiipointed deputy county treasurer and did the work of the 
office as such "till 1882. when he became treasurer himself. He was ap- 
pointed postmaster of Independence by President Harrison, and died the 
incumbent of the office. He was prominent in the Grand Army, was post 
commander of Mcl'herson J'ost, and was president of the Independence 
Keunion in 1881 and 1882. 

Mr. Wilson was first married to Rebecca Braden, a lady of Washing- 
ton, rennsylvania. who died in a few months, at (Jrand View, Illinois, 
January 30th, 1872, he married Morna Moore, a native of Knox county, 
Illinois". January 30th, 1890, she died, leaving children: Zell, wife of 
Assistant General Freight Agent of the Mo. Pac. Ry.. Arthur T. Stewart, 
of St. Louis. Mo. ; Albert E., manager of the Hall-Baker Grain Co.'s ele- 
vator business in Cofteyville; Sallie B. and Floyd M.. twins, born March 
15th, 1878; Jennie M.,'wife of Thomas E. Wagstaff, of Coffeyville, born 
May 2.5th, 1880; and George T., born March 24th. 1883, who is in the 
state grain ins])ection department at Coffeyville. 

Albert E. Wilson, second child of our subject, was born in Indeiten- 
dence, Kansas, February 24th, 1876, and grew up and was educated in 
the public schools of that city. He took a course in short-hand in St. 
Louis, Mo., and at nineteen years of age began life as stenographer for 
Hall and Robinson, in the grain business in Coffeyville. He filled this 
position eighteen months and was then made the company's book-keeper, 
in which capacity he served two years. l)eing then made manager of the 
firm's business in Coffeyville, in 180ft. This firm was one of the leading 
exporters of grain in the west and their business in Coffeyville marks this 
city as one of their most important points. 

Like his father, Mr. Wilson is a Republican, and was a delegate from 
Montgomery county to the state convention at Wichita in 1902, where he 
helped nominate W. J. Bailey for Governor of Kansas. He is commit- 
teeman for the third ward of Coffeyville and is secretary of the city cen- 
tral committee of his party. Hte is a Master Mason, an Elk and is un- 
married. 



HORACE H. CRANE— The names of some of the pioneers of the 
West are preserved in the names of towns and cities in the localities 
where they settled. This is true with the name which is here presented, 
it having taken its name from the gentleman who is herewith reviewed, 
and who, in 1808, first settled on the tract which now furnishes the site 
for the railway station of that name. Mr. (_'rane purchased the protec- 
tion and right of settlement from the noted Osage Indian chief, Xopa- 



258 HISTORY OK MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

walla, for tbe sum of one hundietl tlollars. This was to guarantee pro- 
tection for ten families, which Mr. Crane wished to settle in that vicin- 
ity. It is worthy of note that while no paper was signed between the 
parties, the chief carried out his part of the agreement without a breach. 
There were at that time some four hundred Indians in that immediate 
vicinity, and some of them remained until the government removed them 
by force. 

Horace H. Crane was born on the l.~>th of November, 1836, in Shalers- 
ville, Ohio, the son of William R. Crane, who was the son of Belden 
Crane, a native of Connecticut. Belden Crane reared seven children, 
Jerusha Chamberlain. Orville, Laura Tildeu, William, Frederick, Asenath 
and Orlando. William B. Crane was born in Shalersville, Ohio, in 1803. 
He married Sallie Ann Olney, who was a sister of Jesse Olney, the author 
of the Olney (Geography. To this union were born Asenath Fitch, now 
residing in Oklahoma; Calista Ryan, deceased; William W.. who resides 
with Horace; Helen Cavert, deceased; Horace H.. the subject of this re- 
view, and Oscar, deceased. 

Horace H. Crane resided in the place of his birth until the age of 
nine, when he accomi)anied his parents to Api)leton. Wisconsin, where he 
was living at the time of the (^ivil war. In 18()2 he answered thecall of 
his country and enlisted in Co. "I." 3rd Wis. ^'ol Cav.. under Col. Bar- 
ratow. General Blunt's division of the Army of the West. lu this regi- 
ment he saw some active service, participating in the battles of Cane 
Hill and Pea Eidge, and in numerous skirmishes. Much of his service 
was in the escorting of government trains through Missouri and Arkan- 
sas. He was mustered out at Fort lr5(0tt. in August. 1863. 

Before returning home from the army he purchased, in the vicinity 
of Fort Scott, a car load of horses, and took them through to Wisconsin, 
and disposed of them at his old home. After a short visit he returned to 
Kansas and settled on a farm nearLeroy, Coffey county, from which place 
he came to Montgomery county in 1868, as stated. 

'A'hile living in ("olfey county. ^Ir. Crane met and married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Charles and Elizabeth (Hunter) High, these parents being 
natives of the Keystone and Blue Grass states, respectively. Mrs. Crane 
Avas born in Warren county, Indiana, March 27th. 1812, where she lived 
until she was eighteen years of age, when she accompanied her parents 
to Coflcy county. Kansas. To the marriage of ilr. and Mrs. Crane four 
children have been born, viz: Charles ().. of P>ristol, I. T., who is married 
I0 Minnie St. -Idhn and has three children, Fred. Be.ssie and Paul; 
Frankie resides at home; Horace O. and Frederick H. reside at Elgin, 
Kansas. The quarter of land which Mr. Crane selected and filed on was 
in section r)-32-l."). To this body he has added until he now owns 330 
acres. Since the discovery of oil and gas he has been very active in drill- 
ing on his land and has met with much success. 



HISTOKY OF MOXTGOMEKY COUNTY, KANSAS. 259 

Dui-iuj; the lesideme of Mr. Crane in Sycamore towuship, he haa 
evinced n lively interest in the educational and religious welfare of the 
coniniunity and has served in the various unpaid offices of the school dis- 
trict and township. He is a firm believer in fraternal principles and is 
a member of several of the most worthy fraternities. He is a Knight 
Tem]ilar Mason and a Shriner, is also a member of the Elks, the Wood- 
men ..f the \V<irld. and of McPherscm Post. Grand Army of the Re])nblic. 



JOHN NEWTON— Since 1884 there has lived in Sy. aniore township 
the gentleman above named, who has establislK d a ic]iutation for up- 
rightness and integrity equaled by few and surpassed liy none. He re- 
sides on section 7-31-15, where he cultivates one of the most tasty farms 
in the township. 

Mr. Newton is a native of the "Buckeye" state, his birth occuring 
in Hi rrison county. March 14th. 1842. He was reared to farm life and 
accompanied his parents in their removal to Tuscarawas county, Ohio, 
where he continued to reside until the date of his coming to Montgomery 
county, Kansas. In May of 1865, he enlisted as a private soldier in Co. 
"D," Kith Ohio National Guard, under Colonel Taylor, and General 
Siegel. of the Army of the Potomac. He spent some four months in the 
service — being at Martinsburg and Harper's Ferry — and was mustered 
out a^ the capital of his state. 

Mr. Newton takes a good citizen's part in the life of his community. 
He has served on the school board and as road overseer of his district. He 
is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic and has been a Repub- 
lican since he was able to cast a vote. 

Turning now to the points of interest in the family history of Mr. 
Newton, the biographer recalls that he is a son of Isaac and Rachel 
(Murj.hyi Newton, both natives of Ohio. Isaac was a son of Levi and 
Marv Newton, whose children were: Ransom, Isaac, Levi, Zimena. Rox- 
ina and Annie. To the marriage of Isaac Newton and his wife were born 
nine children, as follows: Louise Hasebrook, Anne Smiley, of Jewit, O.; 
Martha Walker, of Urichsville, O. ; Jane Brewster. of Montgomery 
county; Matilda Kennedy, of Columbus, Ohio; John, the subject of this 
review ; Robert, of Illinois ; Luther, deceased, and Albert, who resides in 
Ohio. After the death of the mother of these children, Isaac Newton 
married Mary J. Tope, to whom were born Cora Baumer and Netta 
Thomas, both of whom reside in Ohio. 

The domestic life of our subject was begun March 2. 1806, when he 
was happily joined in marriage with Mary E. Balitt. Mrs. Newton was 
born i!i Tnsi-arawas county. Ohio. March 23rd. 1845, and is a daughter of 
Samnel and Mary A. (Baltzey) Balitt. natives, respectivelv, of Pennsvl- 
vania and Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Newton's children are as follows: Mary 



26o HISTORY OF MONTGOMEEY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

C. Wilson, with her four chiklren, Xellie. Harris, Frauk and BiUah. re- 
sides in Montgomery coniity; Sarah L. Mathis, resides in Indian Terri- 
tory with her children. ;Maude, Frederick and lister M.; Isaac, yet at 
home ; Daniel O.. of Montgomery county ; Luman B., at home, and Carrie 
M. Oliver, with her daughter, Flora, resides in Sycamore. Kansas. 

As a member of this family there is at present the mother of Mrs. 
Newton, Mrs. Mary Balitt, now in her 80th year. 



^VILLIAM CAHOON BAYLIES— The pioneer has been the advance 
guard of civilization and about his personality clings the story of the ad- 
vance, the struggle and the final victory. What is true of him in other 
localities is true of him in Montgomery county. He has helped to lay the 
foundation for the sfileiidid work going on about us and to him who came 
at the beginning, icmained to the finish and is here now. is due great 
credit, now and everlasting. In this list and belonging to this class we 
are pleased to present William C. Baylies, the subject of this review. 

Mr. Baylies came to Montgomery county in July, 1809. when the 
Red Men ruled, but chaos reigned. He came as a settler and in search 
of a home and he located on section 16, township 32, range 15, just south 
of Table Mjound, where the transition from nature to art persistently and 
systematically took place. He came to the county by wagon, with less 
tlian tifty dollars in his jiocket, from the state of Iowa. He is. by nativ- 
ity, a Southern man but by disposition and training, decidedly North- 
ern. He was born in St. Helena Parish, Louisiana, July 27th. 1843, and 
is a son of Nicholas Baylies, who was born in Vermont's capital April 
9th, 1S09. His grandfather was also Nicholas Baylies, born on the 9th 
of Ai)ril. 180!), in Massachusetts, and Nicholas and ^lary were the par- 
ents of three children, namely: Horatio N., Mary R.. and Nicholas. 
They emniigrated from the Old Bay State and settled near Montpelier, 
Vermont, where their childi'en grew up. Their youngest child married 
Harriet Helen Gaboon, a daughter of William Cahoon, of Lyndon, Ver- 
mont, a lineal descendent of the famous founder of the Colony of Rhode 
Island. (It is a distinction worthy of record to descend from the first 
great jiicmeer ])r('a(li(M-. Roger Williams.) Fight chililren were born to 
Nicholas and ITnnicl Baylies,' as follows: William C, Ripley N.. Lawson 
W., ^Mary 11.. CliaiJcs lO..' Oscar S., Francis A., and George A. 

When ^^'illialll ( '. Baylies was eight years old his parents I'oturned 
north will) (licir family, after having spent several years in the South, 
and located in (iriggsville. 1 Hindis, where they resided 'till 1858, going 
thence to Des ^loines. Iowa. Tlii' lonimon schools had to do with the 
education of our subjecl and when the Rebellion came on he enlisted in 
Com])any "K." Htih Iowa Inf., under Col. Perczell. His regiment formed 
a part of the 15ili .\iiiiy Corps, Army of the Tennessee, and was in bat- 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 26 1 

tie at Island Xo. 10, New Madi-ia.CoriiiTh.Viiksburf-', theuce east to the aid 
of ]{osecrans at Chattanooga, thence on the campaign of Atlanta and the 
luarcli to the sea. Its service ended with the march up through the Con- 
feder;icy from Savanna to Washington, D. C, where Mr. Baylies received 
orders to proceed to Little Rock, Arkansas, from which point he was or- 
dered to Davenport, Iowa, to be mustered out, on the loth of August, 
ISO.'). lie enlisted as a private, was promoted through the grades of non- 
coiiuiiissioned ()tli<-ers and commissioned a First Leutenant, and as such, 
was mustered out. 

In the spring of 18()0. ilr. Baylies liegan a trip which gave him his 
first experience with the frontier. He went to the Territory of Montana, 
where he was employed in the gold diggings, and in other ways, without 
much profit to himself and, after three years, returned to Iowa and a 
mouth afterward started on his pioneering trip to Kansas. 

February 14th, 1878, Mr. Baylies married Kachel M., widow of Dr. 
William E. Henry, and a daughter of H. T. and Nancy I. Butterworth. 
By her first marriage Mrs. Baylies has two sons. Prof Thomas B. and 
William E. Henry, mention of whom is made on another page of this 
volume. A daughter, Caroline C. is the only child of Mr. and Mrs. Bay- 
lies. She is a junior in the Kansas State University. Clara, an orphan 
girl, is a member of the Baylies household. She has found a welcome and 
comfortable home there for twelve years and is a valuable acquisition to 
the family. 

Table Mound, on which the Baylies home is situated, is one of the 
highest points in Montgomery county. It rises more than two hundred 
feet above Elk river and contains an area of some six hundred acres, and 
forms a large part of the one thousand or more acres of the Henry and 
Baylies estate. The Baylies cottage stands on the eastern edge of the 
abrupt decline and overlooks, from its almost dizzy height, the entire 
landscape below and furnishes a magnificent "birds eye"' view. The 
The mound is underlaid with lola limestone and commercial shale and 
is. perhaps, doomed to destruction for the manufacture of portland ce- 
ment. 

Mr. Baylies is honorable in dealing, modest in bearing and influen- 
tial as a citizen. His home is filled with good cheer and hospitality and is 
presided over by a genuine woman, his wife. In early life Mrs. Baylies 
was a teacher. She is a lady of culture and refinement' and in the rearing 
of their children she and her husbaud have honored society and won dis- 
tinction for themselves. 



GEORGE B. SMITH— George B. Smith, a farmer of Svcamore town- 
ship, and a citizen of the county since 1896, is a South Carolinian by 
birth and an Indianian by adoption. Born December IGth, 184.5. in Ander- 



262 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

son dis-trict, he left the 'Tahuetto State" with his parents at the age of 
five years and became a resident of Boone connty, Indiana. Here he 
grew to manhood — the war interfering somewhat with his education, so 
far as book-knowledge goes — but giving him an opportunity to take les- 
sons in that greater, and in some respects, more important school — the 
school of experience. Many a boy left the school-room in those days with 
but a smattering of "book larnin' " and graduated from Uncle Sam's 
Technical School in 1805. with that broad culture which comes with 
travel and association with kindred minds. Mr. Smith enrolled in this 
school on the 22nd of December. 1803, Vjecoming a memlwr of Company 
"F." -tOth Ind. Vol. Inft., Col. .John W. Blake commanding. 

This regiment mobilized with the Fourth Army Corps and reached 
Sherman's army in time to participate in the battle of Eesaca, and short- 
ly after at Buzzard's Boost, At the spectacular fight at Kenesaw Mt., 
Mr. Smith's enthusiasm carried him within the enemy's lines and he be- 
came an unwilling hostage at dreaded Andersonville. Owing to the fact 
that "Uncle Billy" had gathered up a few of the Confederates, which 
Hood thought he might need on his trip north, exchange became possible, 
and Mr. Smith was thus compelled to experience the horrors of that noted 
resort but a short time. He rejoined the army in time to help General 
Thomas administer the two castigations at Franklin and Nashville, and 
then spent the remainder of his service in the Southwest, not being mus- 
tered out until January of 1800, that event occurring at Texana, Texas. 

After the war, our subject returned to Indiana, and after a jieriod 
in his home county, iu 1871 he moved over into Carroll Co., Ind. Here he 
engaged in farming unlil 187(i. and Then came to the "Suntidwer State." 
Up to 1800. he farmed in .Tefterson. Elk and Labette cdunties. in which 
latter year he settled in Montgomery county. 

Mr. Smith is a gentleman of good sense, popular in his community, 
and active in all that promises well for the people. He has been a mem- 
ber of the school board for the past five years, is a working member of 
the Christian church, and is, of course, a member of the Grand Army. 

Mentioning the salient points in Mr. Smith's family history we note 
that he is a son of Thomas G. Smith, who was born in South Carolina, 
and is one of twelve children. Their names as far as known being George 
W., Nancy. Thomas. Millie and Joseph. 

Tlimiias (i. Smith was born in Pickens district. South Carolina. .Jan- 
nai'v 22nd, 1811, was there reared and at maturity married Jane, daugh- 
ter of George Braswell. This lady was a native of that state and was 
born November 11, 1817. She became the mother of fifteen children, 
seven living to maturity; their names being: Caron E. Franks, of Mul- 
vane. Kansas; Nancy .1. Moore, of Montgomery county; Camilla E. 
Decker, of Claypool, Indiana ; George B., Sarah C. Thompson, of Hopeton, 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 263 

Ok.; Miranda A. Coppoek, of Hamilton county, Indiana, and Madison S., 
who resides in the same county. 

George B. Smith, the honored subject of this review, married in Kan- 
sas on the 30th of June, 187S, Rachel E. Wilkerson. Mrs. Smith is a 
daughter of J. C. and Eliza Wilkerson, all natives of Kentucky. To her 
husband she has borne four children— Charles L. resides in Independence, 
Kansas; John T. in Montgomery county, as also do Inez and Lulu, the 
latter at home and the former tlie wife of Homer L. Bretches. 

Mr. Smith and his family are highly regarded in the county of their 
adoption, where they expect to pass the remainder of their days. 



J. M. COURTNEY — Cherry vale was still in its swaddling clothes 
when J. M. Courtney took up residence within its borders. He helped 
nurse it into vigcnous and lusty youth, witnessed the passing of the line 
into niauhiiod, and glories now in the evidences of its strength and pros- 
perity. During Ihese years he has been constant in his interest in the 
progress of the city and has given much time and effort to the building 
up of those institutions which constitute its pride, and particularly in the 
line of education. His various ofiScial duties as justice of the peace, su- 
perintendent of the waterworks, and vice president of the Montgomery 
Counly Bank, kee]i him in close touch with the people and nuike him a 
potent factor in the development which is now taking place in his sec- 
tion of the c-ountT. 

March 3lst, 1840, and Trumbull county, Ohio, mark the date and 
place of birth of Mr. Courtney. Michael and Grace (Piersol) Courtney 
were the names of his parents, both natives of the "Buckeye State," and 
the falier a shoemaker by trade. They were respected members of society, 
devout communicants of the Methodist church, and of intense and loyal 
patriotism. They removed to Illinois in 1845, where the father died in 
Yermilliou county the same year. His wife survived him over a half cen- 
tury, (lying at the advanced age of eighty-three years, in 19(tl. They 
reared nine children, four of whom still survive. After the death of the 
father the family went back to Mercer county. Pa., in 1847, where our 
subject was reared to man's estate. He passed the years of early man- 
hood in helping cultivate the home farm, and was thus occupied when 
the tocsin of war resounded through the land, calling those of patriot 
blood to save the nation from disunion. In October of 1861, he left the 
furrow and became a private in Company "I," Second Penn. Cav. This 
regiment joined the forces about Washington, but Mr. Courtney did not 
see much of the active fighting, as he was soon taken sick with that sol- 
dier's scourge, the measles, which in turn was followed by an attack of 
snuill]»ox. After a dreary time in the hospital, our subject recovered suf- 
ficiently to act as a nurse to the wouni'.ed. and, owing to the urgent de- 



264 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

iiiniul for that kind of help, he was kept there on detail until he was dis- 
charged for disability, the smallpox having; left his eyes in bad condition. 

After the war. Mr. Courtney went to Vermillion county, Illinois, for 
a period, and in 1866 located in Labette county, Kansas, where he con- 
tinued to reside to the date of his coming to Oherryvale, 1876. With the 
exception of a year spent at Eureka Springs in the vain attempt to im- 
prove the health of his wife, our subject has held continuous residence in 
the city. He ran a drug store for several years, then went into the real 
estate business, which he has followed in connection with his duties as 
superintendent of the water works, his appointment dating from 1892. 
During these years he has been most active in the civic life of the com- 
munity, serving as city treasurer, trustee of the County High School, 
member of the city school board, and has been now for three terms a jus- 
tice of the peace. 

]\Iarried life with Mr. Courtney began July 15th. 1806. The wife of 
his youth was Mary E. Wood, daughter of Daniel Wood. Her death oc- 
curred without issue, and on February loth, 1885, our subject was joined 
to the lady who now presides over his household. Flora C. Willis. Her 
parents were J. W. and Mary Willis, residents of Illinois. Two children 
have been born — Earl M. and Rhea M. Mr. Courtney and family are 
members of the Methodist church, while he belongs to the Masons, the 
Woodmen, the A. O. U. W.. the K. of H. and the G. A. E. He is an ardent 
Republican and a valued worker in the jjarty. No more highly respected 
citizen is to be found within the coutines of the city. 



ROBERT SAMUEL PAEKHURST— Conspicuous among the 
pioneers of Montgomery county is the venerable subject of this brief 
notice. His advent to the county was at a date prior to the removal of 
the Red Man to his new reservation in the Indian Territory, and when 
things social were in a somewhat chaotic condition ; yet he went about 
his daily task of driving the initial stakes toward the building of his 
Western home and laid the foundation for a career of success and use- 
fulness. 

Robert S. I'arkhurst settled in Montgomery county, Kansas, in Oc- 
tober, 1869. He was at the head of a colony of Indiana settlers, few of 
whom now remain, but some of whom are still represented in the county. 
There were seventeen families of them and they drove teams overland 
from Johnson county, Indiana. Mr. Parkhurst had resided in that state 
since 1826, and, with the excejition of three years, was engaged in the 
successful cultivation of the soil. During this three years' exception he 
was one of the proprietors of the "New York Store" in Franklin, the 
county seat, and out of both his ventures — as farmer and merchant — he 
realized abundantly to give him a good start in Kansas. When he drove 




R. S. PARKHURST AND BROTHERS. 



HISTOItY OF MONTGOMEKY COUNTY, KANSAS. 265 

1)11 to the towusite of Independence it had only just been laid off. He 
came out to accoin])lisli something permanent with the several thousand 
(lollais lie brought along and some sixteen houses sprang into existence 
ill the new town as a result of his ])ublic spirit and foresight. Hfc took up 
laud also and began the prepai'ation of a country home. His efforts at 
farming were amply and ra])i(lly rewarded and as he approached the 
cveniiig of life he found himself possessed of many hundred acres of land. 
Twelve hundred of this he divided amongst his children and, a few years 
later — when he had accumulated other large areas — fourteen hundred 
acres more were set off to his heirs, and still his resources were far from 
being exhausted. Perhaps few men have made the soil of Montgomery 
county respond so freely as he. He has centered his efforts in the one 
line and, except for his connection with the First National Bank, as a 
stockholder, he has not deviated from the life of a farmer. 

Mr. Parkhurst was born in Kentucky, February 2nd, 1823. His par- 
ents were John and Abigail (Sellers) Parkhurst, the former born in 
Tennessee about 1790, and died in Johnson county, Indiana, at about 
seventy five years old. His wife died in the same county being the mother of 
the following children, namely : Matilda, Owen, Kobert S., James, Polly 
A., Sarah, John A., Caroline, Abigail, Wilson, Elijah, Daniel and Martha. 

The youth of R. S. Parkhurst was passed chiefly at work on his 
father's farm. He acquired little education and began life in a limited 
way. When he decided to come west he induced many of his friends to 
join him and five weeks of the autumn of 1869 were passed making the 
trip out to Independence. The first winter Mr. Parkhui'st housed his 
family in a hay house in which his horses also were sheltered. In the 
sj)riug other buildings of a frontier character were provided and the work 
of actual improvement was begun. How well he accounted for his first 
twenty-five years here is told in the property accumulations already al- 
luded to. Political achievements he has none. He was reared a Demo- 
crat and has given support to the faith all his life. He has had no ambi- 
tion for office; has been ambitious to be a good citizen and provide for 
his domestic wants. 

In April, 1813, Mr. Parkhurst married Lueretia Henry, a daughter of 
John and Elizabeth (Musselman) Henry. Mrs. Parkhurst was born in 
Keniicky in 1824 and is the mother of four daughters, as follows : Abi- 
gail, widow of Louis Hudiberg, of Montgomery county; Mary E., wife 
of John Hefley, of Independence, Kansas; Matilda, who married Richard 
H. DeMott. a prominent farmer of Montgomery county; and Lucinda, 
wife of William E. Smith, of Independence. 

ilr. Parkhurst is a Mason. He belongs to the blue lodge and chapter 
and is a Baptist of the old predestinarian order, and has been a member 
of the denomination manv vears. 



266 HISTORY OF JIOXTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

A H( 'III BALD L. ^COTT— Anioiig those sottlers of Montgomery 
county who have ein])hasized tlieir presence in the world of achievement 
in the field of agriculture prominently ap])ears the name of Archibald 
L. Scott, of Sycamore township, farmer, soldier and honored citizen. To 
win a pronounced victory in the domain of agriculture, to accumulate 
and improve a vast body of land, princely in dominion, in less than two 
decades and to establish a wide civil and political confidence, ranking 
one as a leading citizen of his municipality, mentions, in brief, the events 
in the career of our subject and serves to indicate the real character of 
his citizenship. 

■March 10th, 1884, he became a citizen of Montgomery county, and 
settled on section 10, township 31, range 15. Then his identity with Kan- 
sas farming began and the history of his efforts in this and kindred voca- 
tions finds its strongest utterance in the possession of an estate of nine 
hundred and two acres of land. 

The native place of Mr. Scott is Tyler county. West Virginia. He 
was born near Sistersville, October 6, 1841, was a son of George Scott, 
and grew up on his father's farm. The latter was born in County Donne- 
gal, Ireland, in ISll, came to the T'uitcd Stntes in ISIG with his father, 
Archibahl Scott. Tiic grandfather had a family of sons, John and George, 
both of whom died in Hancock couTity. Hlinois, the former in 1882 — leav- 
ing a family — and the latter in 1808. George Scott was an active, posi- 
tive citizen of his community, took an interest in its various affairs, was 
first i! Whig, then a Democrat and finally a Republican. He married 
Easter West, who died in 184G. being the mother of the following child- 
ren : Wesley S., of Pleasance county, W. Va. ; William, deceased ; Archi- 
bald L., of this review; Margaret A., who married Wm. 0. Sine, of To- 
ronto, Ohio; Amos C, of Carthage, Illinois. Rachel Williams became the 
second wife of George Scott, and her children were: George N., of Hamil- 
ton. Illinois; Charles A., of Bradv's Bend, Pa.; Ellen, deceased, and 
David O. 

The education of Archibald L. Scott was limited in quantity. The 
log school house was both his preparatory school and university, and his 
service in school seemed to be of less importance than his services on the 
farm. The serious responsibilities of life began with him before he was 
twenty years of ago, and in 18(;(), he crossed over inio Martinsburg. Ohio, 
where he was employed for a time in a tannery. June 5th. 1861, he en- 
listed in Company "B," 4th Ohio Inf., Col. Loren Andrews, of Gambler 
College. His service began in West Virginia, at Clarksburg, and he par- 
ticipated in the fight at Rich Mountain. He was enlisted for three 
months, but the regiment was reorganized in Camp Denison for three 
years, it being one of the first Ohio regiments so to do. From the Rich 
Mountain battlefield the command followed the Baltimore & Ohio Ry. to 
Fort Pendleton and took Rumney, was engaged at Patterson's Creek, 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 267 

ilartinsburp;, Winchester and finally fought Stonewall Jackson at Kern- 
town, si^'i'iS that Confederate chieftain his first and only defeat on a 
fair field. The next move of the command was toward Fredericksburg, 
and then to the Shenandoah Valley by way of Manassas Junction and 
Front Royal. An advance was made to cut off Jackson at Port Republic, 
thence back to Front Royal, to Alexandria and to Hhrrison's Landing, 
where a junction with the Army of the Potomac was effected. The main 
battles foujjht while with the Army of the Potomac were the closing days 
of the Seven Days' Fight, Antietam, Fredericksburg. Chancellorsville, 
Wilderness, Spottsylvania and Cold Harbor. At this juncture Mr. 
Scott's time expired and he was ordered to Columbus, Ohio, to be mus- 
tered out of service. He enlisted as a private, declined a sei'geancy, was 
color bearer in two engagements and was wounded three times in the bat- 
tle of Chancellorsville. in the hand, thigh and by a piece of iron under 
the left ear. The ball taken from his left thigh is in his possession, a 
relic of the great citizen war. 

Mr. Scott changed his uniform for a workingman's garb and became 
an oil well driller, with a spring-pole for power, in the West Virginia 
field. Leaving there he went into the Pennsylvania field and was con- 
nected with oil production in the two states for nineteen years. In the 
meantime he came to Kansas — in 1870 — and was located for a time in 
Neodesha, where he did carpenter work and served the village as its mar- 
shal, the first one it had. While there — June 10th, 1872 — he married and 
soon after returned to the Pennsylvania oil fields, where he continued an 
operator 'till his final advent to the Sunflower State, in 1883. 

Mrs. Scott was Clara McWilliams, a daughter of Wallace and Mary 
McWilliams, pioneers to Kansas from Knox county, Ohio, settling at 
Geneva, in Allen county, in August, 1800. The parents afterward moved 
■ to Neodesha, where they died, leaving children : Rena, deceased wife of 
Abraham Ross; David, deceased; William B., of Caney, Kansas; Burnie, 
deceased, married E. X. Lewis; Moses and Charles, deceased; Mrs. Scott; 
John, of Coffeyville, Kansas, and Eugene, of Neodesha, Kansas. 

Mr. and Mrs. Scott's children are Howard A., deputy county attor- 
ney 0/ Montgomery county, Kansas, who was commissioned First Lieuten- 
ant of Co. "G," 20th Kansas — Filipino insurrection — and was promoted 
to captain of Co. "A," but mustered out as captain of Co. "G," having been 
assigned back to his first company; George W.. married Mabel Lane, re- 
sides in Montgomery county, and has one child, Edna Cleo; Archi- 
bald L., Edwin P., Walter W., and Henry J. Scott conclude the list. 

As a citizen Mr. Scott has wielded a political influence in Mont- 
gomery county. He was a Republican when he became a voter and acted 
with that party 'till the confusing and discordant elements of the politi- 
cal atmosphere began to vibrate in 1890, and for the next eight years as- 
sumed positive shape and shook the very foundation stones of the domi- 



268 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

nant parties, finally absorbing one and uuifvinfj the whole into a mass of 
"unterrifled." To this new political force ^Ir. 8cott gave his allegiance 
and by it he was nominated, in 1S!)(I. Representative to the Legislature. 
He served the winter of 1890-1 in the House and was chairman of the 
committee on assessment and taxation. He was a member of the library 
and other committees, but gave more attention to the reform of our tax 
laws and succeeded in getting a l>ill through the House covering the sub- 
ject, but the Senate sounded its death knell by inaction. He served with 
Elder and other once noted and prominent I'opulists, and while he was 
for Judge Doster for United States Senator, he voted for Wm. A. Peflfer. 
Mr. Scott has been a member ot the Masonic fraternity since 18fi8, 
when he joined the order at Spencer, West Virginia, Siloam lodge. He 
holds his membership in Harnumy lodge. Xeodesha. 



DANIEL STARKE Y— February 12, 1878, Daniel Starkey, of this 
personal mention, came into Montgomery county and settled in West 
Cherry township. At the end of a half dozen years he purchased a quar- 
ter section of land in section 22, township .31, range 16. and })ersonally 
conducted it till 1898, when he moved to Wilson county, where he yet re- 
sides, leaving the conduct of the old homestead to his son, Harvey. 

LaGrange county, Indiana, was the native place of Daniel Starkey 
and h.is birth occurred March 1, 1848. His father was Thomas Starkey 
of Juniata county, Pennsylvania, and his mother's maiden name was 
Sarah Holsinger. The father was a son of P>enjamin Starkey, who mar- 
ried into the Francis family and was the father of nine children. 

Thomas Starkey was a colonel of militia in Ohio, was born in Penn- 
sylvania, and descended from Pennsylvania ancestry. He was a justice 
of the peace for a quarter of a century in Indiana and was a well-known 
auctioneer. His wife was a daughter of William Holsinger and bore him 
thirteen children. Those mentioned here are William, who died of 
wounds received on Sherman's march to the sea: Mrs. Jane Case, of 
LaGrange county, Indiana; Mrs. Susan Quinn, of California; Benjamin, 
of Clinton cotinty, Indiana; Priscilla, wife of R. Finley; Daniel, our sub- 
ject; Adaline, who married Charley Bartlett, of Indiana; Mrs. Ida Em- 
inger, of Indiana; Mrs. Ada Shamblin, of Michigan; Mrs. Lettie Sturge, 
of Indiana; Mrs. Bessie Coleman, of California; ^Mrs. Alice Myers, of In- 
diana; and Mrs. Rhoda Lovitt, of Illinois. 

Mr. Starkey of this notice, took for his wife. Abbie Brown, who was 
born in Erie county. New York, December 2.5, 18.54. Her parents were 
Irving and Jane (Mann) Brown, people of New Y'ork birth. Two sons 
constitute the issue of Mr. and Mrs. Starkey, viz: Harvey, a Montgomery 
county farmer, whose wife was Miss Ella Hull, born in Nodaway county, 
Missouri, and a daughter of Eleazer and Emma Hull, natives of New Jer- 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 269 

sey. An only child, Marcus M., is the issue of Mr. and Mrs. Harvey Star- 
key. Charles Starkey is the younger child of our subject and he married 
Hlla .McKinney. Their family has one child, Ernest. 

Mv. Starkey was one of the prominent and active members of the 
Farmers' .Mliance. years ago, holds to Populist principles in politics, has 
served on various coiiiinittees, and a number of terms on the school board. 



KIOVILO NEWTON — Cherryvale, of this county, had not been incor- 
jiorated very many years when this worthy and respected citizen took up 
his residence within its borders. He, at that time, was connected with a 

private bank, which afterward beca the .Afdiitgomery County National 

Kank. of which he has, since its inic|ii icjii. Iiccn cashier. He has taken a 
keen interest in the advancement aii<l diMclijpment of the town and has 
iieen especially active in the building up of its educational institutions 
and ii< giving tone and strength to the religious life of the community. 
He has been superintendent of the Methodist Sunday School for twenty- 
live years and since his settlement in the town has been a potent factor in 
shaping, through that institution, the moral tone of the community. 
During much of this time, he has been connected, in an ofiieial way, with 
the school systems of the county, and has been exceedingly active in se- 
curing the best educational facilities for the use of the growing munici- 
pality. 

Revilo Newton is a native of Illinois, born on the 11th of April, 
1842, in La Salle county. He was there reared to man's estate, receiving 
a fair common school education, though this was interrupted by the ap- 
proach of the great Civil War. He took a gallant part in this sanguinary 
struggle. He went from the school room to the field, enlisting in August, 
18(>2, in Company "A," Eighty-eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry. This 
regiiiient became part of the army of the Ciimberland, its first smell of 
powder being at the bloody battle of Perryville and subsequently at the 
Stoiu Kivci struggle. He then went with Rosecrans to Chattanooga, but 
licfd'c :n ii\c operations were begun at that point, he was taken sick and 
was riiiiijielled to return to the hospital, where he received his discharge 
in December of 1863. This ended his military experience, as he never 
recovered his health sufficiently to bear the rigors of military life. He 
resumed his school life, taking a commercial course and then entering 
the mercantile business in Tonica, Illinois. Later he removed to Iowa 
whero he continued business five years, thence to Monunk, Illinois, where 
he spent twelve years behind the counter. This brings us to the date of 
his settlement in Montgomery county. In 1882, he made Montgomery 
county his home, as stated, and became connected with a private banking 
institution. This was later merged into the Montgomery County Nation- 
al Bank, in 18!t2. one of the safest and solidest financial institutions of 



270 HISTORY OK MONTGOMERY COUNTY, EANSAS. 

Soiitliern Kansas. ('. C. Kiiicaid is jnesident. ^Ir. Xowtoii casliitM- ami S. 
.1. Howard assistant casliicr. The bunk has a capital of ^.Id.lMIO and t-ar- 
rios a suridns of .ifd.OOO. 

In the different coninninities in which our subject has resided, he 
has always taken a most active part in its municipal life, havinp; been, at 
one period or another, mayor of the four different towns in which he has 
lived. 

At the time he left Illinois he was the representative of his district 
in the State Legislature and was one of the best known men of that sec- 
tion. Since his residence in this State, he has been active in many differ- 
ent lines of service, having been a memljer of the board of trustees at the 
inception and building of the present county high school of Montgomery 
county and on this board he served a period of four years. 

lie and his family are active workers in the M. E. cluiich. in which or- 
ganization he holds several official positions. His love for children has led 
him to be active in any work that looks to the proper development of the 
child mind and he has. as already stated, devoted practically a life time 
to Sunday School work, having been superintendent of the Sunday School 
from six years jirior to the date of his coming to Kansas. Xo more ear- 
nest worker in this line resides in the county. 

Mr. Newton is a member of the Masonic order. Blue lodge. Chapter 
and Commandery. and is also a mend)er of the Noble Order of the Mystic 
Shrine. In political affairs Mr. Newton has always taken an exceedingly 
active and prominent part and was a delegate to the Kansas City conven- 
tion of the Democratic party in 1900. 

The domestic life of our subject has been a happy one, beginning in 
1865. when he was joined in marriage with Ada Anderson, a native of 
Kipley, Brown county. Ohio. To this nmrriage two daughters were born, 
Kevilla. and Minnie, deceased. 

Mentioning briefly a few points in the family history of Mr. Newton, 
the biographer notes that he was the son of Major George M. and Fanny 
(Loomis) Newton, both of whom were natives of Green county, New York. 
They were farmers by occupation, and the father also followed carpenter- 
ing and the millwright busines. They were early settlers in Illinois, hav- 
ing removed to the State in 1834, traveling overland by wagon. George 
Newton was a major in the New York militia and was very active in the 
])ublic life of the different communities in which he resided. He was 
postmaster of Tonica. Illinois, for a number of years, that point having 
been located as a station when the Illinois Central was built through his 
farm. He died at the age of seventy years, his wife having passed away 
some years previous at the age of forty-five. They were prominent mem- 
bers of the Bajitist church and stanch supporters of every good cause in 
the communities \u which they lived. They reared a family of six cliil- 
<lren. of whom but three survive. 



HISTORY UP MONT(;OMEnY COUNTY, KANSAS. 27 I 

HARVEY A. TRUSKETT — The readers of this volume are here in- 
troduced to one of the best and most favorably known men of Montgom- 
ery ctmnty ; one whose eounertion with the business interests of the enter- 
]>risinp; community of Caney has been of great value, and whose wide ac- 
quaintance among financiers makes him a potent factor in the develop- 
ment of this section. As president of one of Montgomery county's solid 
financial institutions, the Home Xational Rank of Caney, he wields an 
influence widespread in its beneficieut tharacter, and always exerted in 
the interest of good government and right living. 

Harvey A. Truskett is a -'Buckeye" by birth, borne in Monroe county, 
October 7," 1855, the son of Thomas W. and Elizabeth (Williams) Trus- 
kett, pioneer settlers of that county. They were both natives of Penn- 
sylvania, Thomas having been born November 25, 1822. the wife the pre- 
vious year on the first day of August. Reared to maturity in the "Key- 
stone State", they there married and at once began life in the then "far 
west," the county in which our subject was born. They were farmers by 
occupation and well fitted to play their part in the development of a new 
agricultural community. Remaining in Ohio until 1859, the family re- 
moved to Cooper county, Missouri, where they continued tilling the soil. 
Morgan county, of the same state, and Vermont county, Missouri, then be- 
came their home until 1880, when they settled on a farm in Montgomery 
county, Kansas. Here the parents were worthy and respected citizens 
until their death, the father passing to rest on the 16th of January, 1887, 
the mother on September 20, 1894. Mr. Truskett is remembered as one 
of tlie immortal band who. in the dark days of '61 '65, offered themselves 
as living sacrifices for the principle of equality before the law. He be- 
came a Hiember of the First Xebi-aska Volunteer Infantry, in which 
regiment he fought valiantly to th.e end. While in the service he suffered 
cai)ture and imprisonment, but was fortunate enough to be exchanged. 
Mr. and Mrs. Truskett became the parents of eight childi-en, of whom 
six are yet living. 

Of the family Harvey A. was the seventh child. Though born within 
the confines of the "Buckeye State"he is by rights a true westerner, as he 
was but four years of age when he crossed the Mississippi. The cruel 
war and the disturbed condition of the country immediately succeeding 
it deprived him, as well as thousands of others, of that precious boon, a 
good education. The school of adversity through which he passed, how- 
ever, taught him many valuable lessons of thrift and economy, which com- 
pensated to some extent the loss of book knowledge. He early became 
his own business man and engaged successfully in farming and stock rais- 
ing, accompanying the family to Montgomery county in 1880. He was oc- 
cupied at a point known as Elgin. Chautauqua county, for a period of two 
years, when he went down into the Territory and for" the following twelve 
years was extensively engaged in farming and stock raising. 



272 HISTORY OK MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

hi tlio year 1892. Mr. Truskett located iu Caney, cngaf-iiiii in the 
liiiiilH-r and frnun bnsiness until 1896, when he organized the jireseut fi- 
luuK-ial iustitution. of which he has since been president. The Home 
Hank is capitalized at ,^25,000 and carries a list of deposits aogregating 
some ninety to one hundred thousand dollars. 

Mr. Truskett is held in high esteem iu his ((niiunniily, where he 
has been honored by membership in the town council and has also served 
as township clerk. Politically he aflSliates with the jiarty of reform and 
is looked upon as one of its trusted advisers. 

^jarriage was contracted by our subject in Elgin, Kansas, on the Sth 
of December, 1880. Mrs. Truskett was Ida F. Gepford, daughter of Silas 
B. and Jennie Gepford, early pioneers of Bourbon county. Kansas. She 
is the motlier of four promising children — Edwin E., Harvey H., Arthur 
F. an(! Lita M. To this family was added a niece. Miss Elsie Truskett, 
whon: they reared and educated, and who is now an efficient enijiloye of 
the bank. 

Keared to exacting and toilsome labor, schooled by adversity's 
hard knocks and fighting his way step by step from j)enury to prosper- 
ity. Harvey A. Truskett has reached a ])lane. while yet iu the jirinie of life, 
where he can give full reign to the promptings of a nature benevolent 
and full of the milk of human kindness. No worthy case of need is ever 
turned from his door unaided and the struggling youth finds in him a 
sym]iatlietic and kindly adviser and helper. He an(i his family merit the 
large ])lace which they are accorded in the hearts of friends and neigh- 
Iiiirs ill Caney and Montgom(>ry county. He is a nieinher of the I. O. O. F. 



M1\S..TANE BLUE — The tide of imjnigration to Montgomery county 
in the earlier years was at its flood in the year 1871. Many of the pioneei' 
families of the county date their coming in that year, among them the 
lady whom the biographer is now permitted to review. She was born 
in \'erniillion county, Indiana, in the year 183(5, and was reared in that 
<-ounty and educated at Eugene, Indiana. Her parents were Jacob and 
Sarah (Hall) Coslett. They were farmers in Vermillion county and 
pioneer settlers of that section of the State. Their family consisted of 
six children, three, only, of whom are now living: William, who lives in 
Douglas county, Illinois, and is a prominent farmer of that section of 
the Stale; Mrs. Jane Blue, the subject of this sketch; William, also a 
leading farmer, of Cherokee county, Kansas. 

Mrs. Blue was first married to David Wise in the year 18.")3 in her 
native county in the "Hoosier State." Mr. Wise was a leading farmer 
of the county and they reared seven children, four of whom are now liv- 
ing; Margaret A., who married William Blancet, a native of Ohio, and 



HISTOKY OF MONTliOMEKV COUNTY, KANSAS. 273 

luis thi'co fliildien, two living, viz: Miunie, wife of Thornton McCune, of 
nklalidiiiii, and Alice, who mai'ried William Carpenter and lives in 

.M»iiit<i()niery county, Kansas; the four children of Alice being 
Xcttio. Orval, Bertha, and Earl. Clara Belle Wise married Frank Smith, 

of Independence, with two children, Donoven and Forest. Minnie 
Wise iiiank'd Itohert Perry and lives in Bourbon county with their sev- 
en children. Eliza E. Wise married David A. Clark and had four child 
rcii. Harry. Charlie, Ira, and Grace. Mrs. Clark is now dead. 

Itavid Wise died in 1S74 and in 1878. Mrs. Wise was joined in mar- 
riage to Jacob Wise, a brother of her first husband. Four years later he 
died. In 1896, March 1, Mrs. Wise married David Blue. He was a na- 
tive of Ohio and was a gallant soldier of the Civil War, having enlisted 
as a \i)lunteer in an Indiana regiment in Ajjril of 1801. and served his 
country faithfully to the close of that sanguinary struggle, and being dis- 
charge in 18G5. He was a commercial traveler by ocupation, handling 
nursery stock. He traveled for a period of nine years for the famous seed 
house of D. M. Ferry, and later for a silverware manufacturing com- 
jiany of Detroit, Michigan. 

The farm on which Mrs. Blue now resides was purchased in 1871 by 
her first husband. It is located four miles from the county seat town 
of ludependence and consists of eighty acres, making one of the best 
farms in that section of the county. In religious belief. Mrs. Blue is a 
member of the United Brethren Church. 



ABIGAIL HUDIBERG— One of the worthy pioneers of Mont- 
gomery county, whose memory runs with remarkable clearness l)ack to 
the days of 1869. the date of her arrival here, is Mrs. Abigail Hudiberg 
of Independence township. The events of the long and weary overland 
journey hither from Johnson county, Indiana, together with fifteen other 
families, are as happenings of yesterday to her, and that first winter in 
their strange new home in the straggling village of Independence, with 
the biundless prairie all about them, peopled with Indians and co votes, 
yet howls its lonely requiem in her ears. The comfortable farm house 
of the present day is in Strang*? contrast to the 14x16 board shanty in 
which they shivered through the winter, and the little log hotel, the four 
"straw" houses, and the single general store of that time make an odd 
picture in contrast to the splendid business and residence properties of 
the present. 

Mrs. Hudiberg was born in Johnson county, Indiana, March 7, 1843, 
the daughter of Robert S. and Letitia (Henry) Parkhurst, a full sketch 
of whom apjieais elsewhere in this volsme. In 1863. she married in that 
((.ui.ty. Louis Hudiberg, son of John and Elizabeth Hudiberg, whose 
•other children were Samuel. Thomas, Marv A.. Lorinda and' Elijah 



274 HISTORY OF .MOXTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

(twins) aiul John. ^Iv. and Mrs. Hudlberg resided in Johnson eouuty 
lor six veins and Then came to Kansas. When s{)rin<i; eanie after that 
first uncomfortable winter, they located on a claim six miles from the vil 
lajre. where they have since, in the main, maintained their home. Here 
the jiarents and three children began the battle of life anew and succeed- 
ed, before the death of the husband, in making a very comfortable home. 
Mr. Hudiberg died in 1890. leaving Mrs. Hudiberg with a 
family of nine children, as follows: Robert 8., a farmer 
of Chautauqua county, who married Anna Gray and has 
four children — Nellie. Alice. Matthew and ]May ; John E., Independ- 
ence; George, a farmer of Sycamore township, married Jessie Webber 
and has two children — Leo and Bessie; Lorinda and Wilfred are twins; 
Lorinda lives at home ; Wilfred married Mattie Berger and resides with 
his mother, with his two children — Louis and Amy; Albert, a farmer of 
the county, married Lillie Drennen and has two children, Hazel and 
Glenn ; Walter S., Myrtle and Elmer are at home. 

These are all "likely" children, well trained, and of good capabili- 
ties, who, together with their revered mother, are highly regarded in the 
community where they have so long made their home. 



JUDGE THOMAS HARRISON— In the passing away of the subject 
of this memoir. Moniiiomcry ((lunty lost one of its landmarks of (•i\il- 
ization and a venerable and worthy pioneer. He identified himself with 
this frontier municipality in August, 1869, and from thence forward to 
his death was an active participant in its affairs. As scholar, lawyer, 
public official and farmer his citizenship w'as of the genuine type and his 
character unreproached. 

Settlers were widely separated in Montgomery county when Thomas 
Harrison, of this review, cast his lot with the frontier municipality and 
took a government entry near Verdigris City in 18fi9. The McTaggart 
mill and homestead marks the sight of his original "claim," taken up not 
so much with the intention of proving up on it, perhaps, as to the more 
closely identify himself with the county and to seal a tie of common in- 
terest with its citizens. He did little toward the actual improvement of 
his claim, being a lawyer and engaged in the practice of his profession 
at old Liberty. When the question of a permanent county seat was set 
tied in favor of Independence he ultimately established his office in that 
place and maintained it there till March 30, 1877, when failing health 
(forced him to relinquish the law and seek rest and renew his vigor in the 
pure air and exercise of the farm. He purchased an eighty-acre tract ad- 
joining in the four corners of sections 2. 3. 10 and 11. township 33, range 
1."). where, wilh the exception of his years in (illirial scivicc. he ])assed the 
remainder of his life. 




JUDGE THOS. HARRISON. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 275 

Judge Harrison was born in Northamptonshire, England, on the 21st 
of September, 1825. At seven years of age his parents came to the United 
States and settled in T'tica, New York, but remained there only four 
years when they came on west to LaSalle, now Kendall county, Illinois, 
where they died. His father was Thomas Harrison and his mother was 
Mary (Musson) Harrison who reared to maturity eight of their nine 
children, namely : William, deceased, ex-member of the Kansas Legisla- 
ture from Butler county, ex-probate judge and a prominent citizen of the 
county ; Mary, who died in Wisconsin, married Richard Hudd and was 
-the mother of the late ex-Congressman Hudd, of Green Bay, Wisconsin ; 
James, who died at Santa Barbara, California, passed his life chiefly 
in the dairy business in Chicago; Ann, who married Warren Chapin, died 
in St. Francis,. Indiana; Hannah, who died at Remington, Indiana, was 
the wife of George Bullis; Theresa, of Santa Barbara, California, is the 
wife of Henry H. Polk; Thomas, of this sketch; and John, of Morrow 
county. Oregon. 

Judge Harrison was educated at Knox College, Galesburg, Illinois. 
He was poor and worked his way through school, as a farm hand or at 
teaching or other honorable employment, and graduated in 1853. 
Amonp; his classiiiates were Chief Justice A. M. Craig of the Illinois Su- 
preme Court and A. A. Smith, a prominent lawyer of that State. The 
Judge was educated primarily for the ministry but when he came to em 
bark in life's realities his views somewhat digressed from the orthodoxy 
of the time and he turned his attention to law. He established himself 
at Galesburg, Illinois, where he practiced till his entry to the army in 
1862. He was a sergeant of Company "A," Seventy-seventh Illinois^ In- 
fantry , until near the close of the war, when he was commissioned a first 
lieutenant and assigned to Company "A," Seventy-third U. S. Colored 
Troojis. The war over, he resumed the practice of law and was located at 
Galesburg, Illinois, when he decided to come west and started on his jour- 
ney to Montgomery county, Kansas. 

Ir his new home in Kansas Judge Harrison was ever a prominent 
figure. In politics he wielded an influence which contributed to many 
victories for the Republican party but his views changed somewhat on 
the approach of the avalanche of reform which annually swept Kansas 
from ISJMI to his death, and his sympathies went out to the jiolitical 
movement engendered and fostered by the Farmers' Alliance. In 1882 
he was elected probate judge and served in that capacity with credit and 
ability. He filled the office four years and retired to his'farm to enjoy the 
peace of a private citizen. 

December 28, 1854, Judge Harrison married M. Eliza Chambers. Mrs. 
Harrison's father was Matthew Chambers, likewise her paternal grand- 
father. The latter was born a Scotchman, was'the second son of his par- 
ents and. for some displeasure at home, ran away and went to sea for 



276 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

several years. On hearing of the sti'uggle of the American colonies for 
independence he came to their assistance, offering his services in behalf 
of the cause. His worth was discovered and rewarded by his being com- 
misioned and placed in command of a company of men. Among his sev- 
eral battles was Saratoga, where Gen. Burgoyne surrendered and where 
Mr. Chambers met an own cousin of his in a British uniform, a prisoner 
of war, and the storming and capture of Stony Point in which assault 
Captain Chambers received a wound by a bayonet passing through his leg 
below the knee. From this wound he never fully recovered and it firjally 
induced his takingoff. After the war he located at Londonderry, New 
Hampshire, where he reared his family and died. He had a family of 
three sons and two daughters, namely: John, who settled in western New- 
York, reared a family and finally disappeared as if lost; Margaret, who 
married Thomas Dickey and died in New Hampshire; Eobert, who passed 
his life in Vermont and introduced the Spanish Marino sheep into that 
country ; Mary, who married John Lund and died in New Hampshire, and 
Matthew, who died at Galesburg, Illinois, in January, 1869. 

Matthew Chambers, the second, was born in 1785 and was a soldier 
in the War of 1812. He was a colonel of Vermont militia, was a mer- 
• liant in Bri<lge]iort, that state, and left there in 1S:!(; and came out to 
Illinois. For a wife he married Hannah Smith, a daughter of Jacob 
Smith, a Jerseyman. Two children living from this union, viz: Edward 
P. Chambers, of Galesburg, Illinois, and Mrs. Harrison, the widow of our 
subject. Five others are deceased, viz: Jacob Smith Chambers, Matthew 
Carey Chambers, H. Cordelia (Chambers) Willai'd and William Henry 
Chambers. !Mrs. Harrison was born in Bridgeport, Addison county, Ver- 
mont, on the 23d of September, 1832. She was the wife and companion 
of Thomas Harrison for forty years and is the mother of the following 
children : Mary, wife of Seth Starr, who has two children, Harrison C. 
and Ruth N. ; Thomas J. Harrison, of Scammon, Kansas; and Cordelia 
E., wife of Frank E. Lucas, of Park Place, Oregon, who have five children, 
to wit : Frederick, William, Charles, Helen and Mary. 

We are fortunate in this article to be able to present to posterity the 
j)aternal chain of the Harrison and Chambersfamiliescompletefromtheir 
English ancestry. The spirit of Americanism was dominant in both 
families and both have furnished ample evidence of their love for the in- 
stitutions of our Republic. To their descendants we commend this brief 
biography in the belief that it contains lessons worthy to be learned. 



y\. D. WRIGHT— M. D. Wright, retired merchant and honored citi- 
zen of Elk City, was born in Fayette county, Indiana, November 12th, 
1832, and is a scm of Jonathan and Susanna B. (Jones) Wright, natives of 
Maryland. The father was; by occupation, a miller and plied his vocation 
in T'"iinsy]vania until about the time of the war of 1812, when he removed 



HISTORY OF MOXTOOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 277 

to Cincinnati. Ohio, and embarked in the mercantile business. After 
the war he traded for wild lands in Fayette Co.. Ind. and subsequently 
moved to Richmond, Ind.. where he continued to reside until his death 
at the age of seventy-nine years. Our subject lost his mother the day of 
his birth, she being- then forty years old. The parents were devoted 
adherents of the Quaker faith. Their family consisted of eight children 
— thrre now living, M. 1)., our subject; Thaddeus. of Minneapolis. Minn.; 
and Martha, widow of Paul Barnard, who resides with her brother in 
Elk City. 

jl. 1>. ^^■right has liad a somewhat remarkable career, in his earlier 
days partaking much of adventure. He began life at sixteen years of 
age as a clerk in a country store, but soon went to Cincinnati, where he 
spent three and a half years in a wholesale establishment. He then went 
east, where, for the next two years, he was similarly engaged in Phila- 
delphia and New York. The Australian gold fields were, at that time, 
creating great excitement and he concluded to try his fortune in those 
regions. Embarking on the sailinc; vessel "Rockland"' he made the trip 
in one hundred twenty days, going via Rio Janeiro and the Cape of Good 
Hope. He reached the Australian mines in May of 18.51, and. for the fol- 
lowing year, had varying success. He. however, did not fancy the hard 
life of the gold miner and engaged with a firm to act as clerk in their 
store in New South Wales. Here he spent fifteen months more pleasantly, 
but by this time he was ready to again return to civilization in the states, 
but was loath to do so empty handed, and he determined to take a drove 
of horses to Sidney and dispose of Them, if possible, at a profit. This 
enteriirise, for various reasons, proved a failure, financially. From Sid- 
ney he embarked on a small trading vessel, trading among the South Sea 
Islands, finally landed on the Sainoan Islands, where he remained six 
months. He shipped on a man of war and cruised in the Caribbean Sea. 
The vessel put in at Valparaiso, where, on account of sickness, he was 
discharged. A four-months' whaling voyage followed, filled with excit- 
ing adventures with these great saurians of the deep. Resolved again to 
return home, he, after a most tempestuous voyage around the Horn, at- 
tended with desperate scurvy sickness, which attacked every one on 
board but the captain and himself, found the quiet home of his boyhood, 
mid the blessings of civilization, and where he was ready to I'epeat with 
the sweet singer, John Howard Payne, 

"To us, in despite of the absence of years, 

"How sweet the remembrance of home still appears; 

"From allurements abroad which but flatter the eye. 
"The unsatisfied heart turns and says with a sigh, 
"Home, home, sweet, sweet home, 

"Be it ever so humble. 
There's no place like home!" ■ 



280 UISTOKY ill- MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KAXSAS. 

jiioiKHM- in Lake rouiity. Illinois. He was one of three sous, Felix, Kich- 
ai-d and Charles, and married Catherine Tiavlin. who bore him four child- 
ren, \iz: Mrs. Rose Callahan, of hhleiieinlence, Kansavs; Mrs. Mary A. 
Kiley, of Chicago, Illinois; John, of ihis rerord, and Felix, of Nebraska. 

Mr. Givens married, after three years of bachelor life. Miss Jennie 
Burt, an Iowa lady, and a daughter of Benjamin and Elizabeth Burt. 
Seven children have come to bless the home of these parents, namely: 
Mrs. Catherine Henderson, of Montgomery county, with two children, 
Pauline and Harold; Josophine and Cecelia, with the family homestead; 
Mrs. Blanche Siangan, of Montgomery county, with two children, Edith 
and John Me. ; Charles and Louis, in California, and Paul. 

In his various relations with his fellow man Mr. Givens is most 
worthy and honorable. He has always manifested a warm interest in 
public matters and has I)eeu called to serve as treasurer and trustee of 
his township two terms, as member of his school board and is now serv- 
ing his second term as commissioner of Montgomery county. 



L.VFAYETTE M. CABSOX— The gentleman here named is a mem- 
ber of one of the oldest and most resjiected families of Montgomery 
county, and is himself deservedly jioimlar for the many sterling qualities 
which' he has manifested since coming to years of discretion. His ser- 
vice in connection with the law-enfor<ing branch of the county govern- 
ment has been of a high order and will receive recognition from his party 
associates in the furture should he manifest a willingness to allow his 
name to be used. 

Lafayette Carson was born in Iowa, where his parents were pioneer 
residents* of Keokuk county. The date was July 1. 1857. He was a 
bright thirteen-year-old boy when the family settled on a claim in Louis- 
burg township,'and where they have continued to reside. His boyhood 
was passed in the labor incident to farm life, his schooling being of such 
a character as could be secured in the limited time at his disposal in the 
winter. Being of a more than ordinary observant turn of mind, however, 
this lack of book-knowledge has been "largely atoned for. He very early 
began farming for himself, and, with the exception of one or two periods 
of otTicial life, has continued to till the soil. He did not wait for his 
majority, to become interested in public affairs, and, even in his 'teens, 
was helpful to those who were in charge of the Republican organization. 
His obliging and courteous disposition soon won him many friends and 
his s(n-vices were recognized by his appointment by Sheriff Frank Moses 
as his deputy, with headquar'tei-s at Elk City. In addition to his one 
term in this position he has served a number of years as constable of his 
township and in all his otlicial dealings with the people has, by his con- 
siderate and thoughtful ads of kindness, drawn forth many expressions 
•of appreciation. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 28 I 

Touching brielly on the liistorv of the faiiiilv, the biographer notes 
the parents of Mr. Carson as William and Seletha (Marr) Carson. The 
father was a native of the "Keystone f^tate." the mother of Tennessee. 
Passing his boyhood in Pennsylvania, ^^'illianl Carson came with his 
jiarciUs, at twelve years of age, to ^Miami county, Ohio. Later he removed 
(o Shelby county, Ind., where he jiurcliased a farm and began life for 
himself. In 1847, as stated, he settled in Keokuk county, Iowa. Mr. 
Carson was a man of the strictest probity of character, careful in all his 
dealings to give value received, and of stern ideas of justice and right. He 
died in 1S7() and lies in the family burying -ground on the farm which he 
settled six years before. In religious faith he was a strict Presbyter'au, 
though always according liberty of opinion to others, as in the case of bis 
wife, who was a Missionary Baptist, and in her younger days a great 
worker in that organization, and who still survives her husband, at the 
advanced age of seventy-seven years. He was a prominent Mason and the 
lodge in Elk City was named in his honor, being known as Carson Lodge, 
No. 1?2. Children were born to them as follows : Robert, a farmer in 
Oklahoma ; Lafayette ; Thomas, a farmer of this county ; M^ittie, Mrs. Dr. 
Davis, of Independence. Kansas. These children are all useful and re- 
spected members of society in the different communities in which they 
reside and deserve the uniform esteem in which thev are held. 



^YILLIAM X. BANKS— William N. Banks, of the firm of Banks & 
Billings, lawyers, was born on August 15th, 186.5, at Hobart, Lake 
county, Indiana. In August, 1871, his father, George L. Banks, moved 
with his family to Montgomery county, settling on a farm seven miles 
west of Coffeyville on the Indian Territory line. Since that time Wil- 
liam N. has been a resident of Montgomery county. 

At the age of eighteen he commenced teaching school and after 
teaching for two years went to I'erdue University at Lafayette. Indiana, 
for two years, after which he returned to his home in Kansas and con- 
tinued teaching. 

Cpon the 13th day of July, 1887, he was married to Ollie M. Jones, 
after which time he and his wife resided ujjon the farm, M,v. Banks con- 
tinuing his teaching in the winter time, until October, 1892, when he en- 
tered the law office of A. B. Clark as a law student. In August, 1894, 
he was admitted to the bar and in the following March formed a part- 
nership with O. P. Ergenbright for the practice of law. This partnership 
continued until July, 1902, when Mr. Banks became senior member of 
his present law firm. 

There have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Banks three children, two of 
whom, Thomas L. and Edith M., are living, the third having died at the 
age of three months. 



282 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

'Slv. Banks has never held public ofiace, except while living in Fawn 
Creek township he was clerk of the township, and is at the present time 
serviajr his second term as a member of the board of education of In- 
dependence. In politics he is and always has been Republican. He is a 
member of the Presbvterian church, a Mason, an Odd Fellow, and a mem- 
ber of the Modern Woodmen of America. 



DAVID P. GREER— One of the solid men of Sycamore township, 
and a farmer who has made agriculturp pay. is David P. Greer, who re- 
sides on section 36-32-15. 

He dates his birth in Morgan county. Indiana. April 6th, 1856, where 
he continued to reside on the old home farm until he came to Montgom- 
ery county. Kansas, in 1880. His first location was seven miles west of 
Independence, in Rutland township, where he lived until 1889, when he 
bought his present farm of 160 acres. 

Mr. Greer is a son of Captain John E. Greer, well known throughout 
the county as one of the jiioneers. who made a large property during his 
life time. The captain was a native of Kentucky and was one of seven 
children, viz: James M., of Montgomery county; John E., deceased; 
Mrs. Mary Carrell, deceased; Lyman M., of Indiana; Jlrs. Ruth Williams; 
Alexander C. of Montgomery county, and ^Nlrs. Amanda I'oor. deceased. 

The birth of Captain Greer occurred January 1st, 1829, and at two 
years his parents moved up into Indiana, where he continued to reside 
until the breaking out of the Civil war. He entered the Union army and 
participated in much of the severe service during the four years' war. 
The following from the Independence Tribune is to the point: "Captain 
John E. Greer, of Independence township, is dead, at the age of sixty- 
eight years. In the early part of the Civil war he enlisted at Waverly. 
Indiana, and went to the front as Lieutenant in Co. "F." 5th Ind. Cav.. 
and was with his regiment, afterward merging into the 90th, in three 
years of war — except while a prisoner in the hands of the Confederates 
—and was promoted to a captaincy for bravery. His regiment was the 
first to enter Knoxville. Tenn., and was engaged in twenty-two battles. 

"During the service. Captain Greer was captured and was, for 
months, a jjrisoner in Libby prison. He was active in (lii;iiiiig the famous 
Straight tunnel, but ))efore he could get away was ii:iiislcrrc(l to Relle 
Isle and from lliere was exchanged, after being in cajitivily one year. 

"After hisrelurn home. Captain Greer was elected to the Indiana 
Legislature. About 1877 he removed to this county and purchased a 
farm in Rutland townshiji and gathered his children" about him. adding 
largely to his acreage. lie prospered and also became prominent in pub- 
lic affairs." 

The wife of John E. Greer was Margaret Petree, of Decatur county, 




A. C. STICH. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 283 

liidiaiui. She bore him ten chihlien. as follows: Xancy E. Pettet, of 
Montgomery county; William M. and Joseph G., deceased; David P., 
Lucy C. Wagaman and Abrani L.. of Montgomery county; ^largaret V., 
deceased; James E.. of the Indian Territory; Annie L. Holden and Oliver 
L., both of Montgomery county. 

David P. Greer, on February IGth, 1877. married Alice Jolly. Mrs. 
Greer is a native of the "Hoosier State," and is a daughter of Samuel J. 
and Frances (McDowell) Jolly. Her children are Oliver G.. who mar- 
ried Maude Perkins, and lives in Sycamore township, with his two child- 
ren, Euby Z. and Opal E ; Tula F. resides in Independence with her hus- 
band, Orion Page; Icey M. and I>avid C. are young people at home. 

The beautiful rural home which Mr. Greer now owns is the result of 
his own untiring efforts since coming to the county. He began with the 
small capital of four hundred dollars, and now owns one of the best 
quarter sections in the county, well stocked and in a good state of culti- 
vation. He devotes his land to general farming, and takes a special in- 
terest in the breeding of rolaiid China hogs, having this year 100 head of 
these fine animals. 

In a fraternal way, Mr. Greer is a member of the Modern Woodmen, 
of the A. H. T. A., and of the Home Builders" Union. He has taken an 
intelligent and helpful interest in matters pertaining to good govern- 
ment in the two places where he has lived in the county, there being but 
three years since his coming that he has not held a place on the school 
board. In political life he is also quite active, being one of the staunch 
workers of the Republican party. He served two terms as justice of the 
peace in Rutland township, was township treasurer two terms and has 
been a delegate to numerous county and state conventions, during the 
past twenty years, having been a delegate to the state convention which 
nominated Governor ilorrill. He and his family have the good wishes 
of a very large circle of friends in the county and the esteem in which 
Mr. (Jrcer is held is most universal. 



ADOLPH C. STICH— There was born in the quaint little town of 
Stade, in the ancient province of Hanover, in the German Empire, Oc- 
tober 13, lS-t6, a babe, whose early childhood was passed within the 
shadows of familiar haunts in his native phice and gave no promise of an 
uncommonly strenuous and eventful life. He was a son of humble par- 
ents, whose household was sustained by the rewards of honest toil and 
whose righteous lives were a guaranty of the proper rearing of their oflE- 
spring. He became a hardy and rugged boy and finally a strong and 
vigorous youth and the change from the crowded and decaying conditions 
of the Old World to the openness, freedom and freshness of the New 
World was an auxiliary to both his bodily and mental development. Thfr 



284 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

serious affairs of life beoan witli him after he had acquired a liberal 
training in the coniniou schools and with the early appearance of that 
ambition which seemed tinally to consume him and. under pressure of 
which, have his life achievements been wrought. Industry seemed as 
natural to him as hunger and the reward which it brought was treasured 
in some way which marked the stepping-stones of his advance. He wasted 
neither time nor substance and the age of maturity brought him near to 
the point of occupying a distinct station among men. Spurred on by the 
enthusiasm of success and guided by the wisdom of a superior and uner- 
ring mind he has, when just past the meridian of life, reached the acme 
of his career and shown to mankind the real genius of his mental bent. 
Born j)Oor and reared without luxuries, but to habits of a moral and up- 
right life, and having achieved, through individual efforts, the gratifying 
rewards of wealth, position and intlueuce, Adolph C. Stich, of Inde- 
dence, stands a citizen to be prized and a man to be admired. 

September 17th, 1872, he began a residence in Montgomery county, 
Kansas, which has been constantly maintained and which has grown in 
importance with the lapse of years. The effects of his business connec- 
tion with the various affairs of the county have been felt to the extreme 
of every cardinal j^oint and. as it were, by the stroke of his hand con- 
ditions have been changed and once dormant and slumbering communi- 
ties have sprung into life and become active industrial centers. His 
brain and his capital have been a powerful stimulus in awakening the 
activity that now is and which has placed Montgomery county among the 
wealthy and progressive municipalities of our commonwealth. 

Coming to Independence with some experience as a merchant he be- 
came a member of the firm of Stich Brothers, doing a general mercan- 
dise business, and for ten years his energies and his foresight contrib- 
uted to the wealth and poi>u!arity of the firm. In 1883 he purchased, in 
partnership with Henry Foster, the Hull Bank and became its cashier 
at once, occupying the position till the change in the name of the insti- 
tution, in 1891, from The Citizens' Bank to The Citizens' National Bank, 
at which time he took the presidency of the new concern. This position 
he lias occuiiied. uninterrnitted. since and has tilleil with exceptional and 
singular ability and to the great profit of the institution. 

As the demand for factories has s]»rnng up in his city he has been 
alert to subscribe liberally io their construction and included in the list 
of enlcri»rises he has thus aided are the Independence (ias ('om])any and 
the Iiuleiiendeiicc Brick Coiuitany. The enteriirise which has distin- 
guished Iiiin most as a man of ]iublic sjjirit, even in advance of the age, 
is the jilannirig ami lonstiiiction of the magnificent Independence hotel, 
the "Carl Leon." wiiliont doubt the finest hotel in the State of Kansas. 
In comiiaiiy with (1. .M. (•ari)enter. of Elgin, this structure was erected in 
1902, at a cost of many tliousand dollars and was opened to the publi(5 



UISTORY OP MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 285 

Fchinaiy IS, 1 !)():>. As an enduring monument to the enterprise of Mr. 
Siicli this buildinj; is uniivaled hy any to the credit of a citizen of Mout- 
jionieiy county. His splendid residence, approaching the magnificence 
juid jiroiioi'tions of a modest pahice. is one of the beautiful structures in 
the city, expensive in appointment and popular as a hospitable home. 

liike most boys of foreign birth. A. C. Stich began life on the farm. 
His father was a merchant in the old country but when the family was es- 
Tahlif-hed in the United States, and at home in Kalamazoo, Michigan, 
young .Vdolph's industrial inclination cropped out strongly as a hand at 
fS.OO a month on the farm. His meager earnings served to reenforce his 
natural capital and in time he engaged in the agricultural implement 
luisincss in the famous "celery city" of the "Wolverine State." Leaving 
there his advent to Independence, Kansas, is announced. 

The Stiches came to the I'nited States in 18.57. Carl Stich, our 
subject's father, married Eleanor Hdlbers. They represented old fam- 
ilies of their native Hanover and passed away in Michigan, being the 
parents of four children, namely: John, of Seattle, Washington; Wil- 
liam, of Paola, Kansas; Adolph C, of this review; and Dorette, wife of 
John Harris, of Kalamazoo, Michigan. 

Among the first acts which indicated the latent and constructive 
ability of A. C. Stich, was his invention of a bed spring and the patent 
of the same. This happened before he was twenty-one and he handled 
the invention to his advantage, turning it into some of the money which 
constituted his capital to engage in regular business. 

One of the domestic improvements of Montgomery county, which 
was of momentous interest to its citizens, was the construction of the In- 
dependence. Virdrgris Valley & Western Railroad, now a prominent 
part of the Missouri Pacific railway — main line to the south. Stich & 
Foster secured the contract for. the building of the line from Leroy, Kan- 
sas, to the south line of Independence township. Mjintgomery county. 
This piece of road was completed in ISSfi. and turned over to the Gould 
interests who consolidated it with the D. M. & A. railway and con- 
structed the link from near the town of .Jefl'erson to Bearing .where it 
connected with the latter railroad. The building of this line and the ex- 
ecution of this contract by Stich & Foster marked the completion of the 
largest enterprise ever undertaken by Montgomery county promoters. 
It brought another system of railroad into the county iu competition 
with a single line of road and thereby became a great saving, in the way 
of rates, to every shipper and merchant iu the county. 

Mr. Stich was first married in Hillsdale. Michigan, his bride being 
Anna Winsor, who died in Independence, Kansas, in 1882, being the 
mother of three deceased children : Carl, Adelaide and Eleanor. In^lSSS, 
Mr. Stich married Mrs. Catherine Eaisor. a lady of refinement and edu- 
cation and occupying a high social position in the city. Mrs. Stich has 



286 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 

served three years as president of the Ladies' Library Association of In- 
dependence and is a prominent worker in the Presbyterian chnrch. She 
is the mother of Mrs. W. E. Ziegler, of Cotfeyville, wife of one of the 
leading lawyers of Montgomery county. Mr. Stich's deceased son, Carl, 
is honored in the first word of the compound name "Carl-Leon'' given to 
the famous hostelry before mentioned, the name, "Leon." being in honor 
of a deceased son of Mr. Carpenter, one of the partners in its construc- 
tion. 

In this review only the salient featui-cs of a busy life have been 
touched. It is offered to posterity as an illustration oi tlie versatility of 
one who performed a conspicuous part in the commercial affairs of Mont- 
gomeiw county. "Not letting go of one thing till he gathered hold of 
something else" shows his characteristic tenacity and exemplifies a life 
of ceaseless and determined activity. He has manifested some interest in 
the politics of his county and, as a Kepublican, has wielded a positive 
influence in local jiolitical affairs. He is a thirty-two degree Mason and a 
member of the I'rcsbvterian church. 



DEWITT C. KRONE— xV record of the pioneers of Montgomery 
county would be sbject ti> just and severe criticism without some ex- 
tended mention of D. C. Krone. He is so widely known in the county and 
has been here so long that few can gainsay that he was here, really in 
the beginning. When he drove his mule team from LeEoy, Kansas, down 
into this county, winding his way about over the ])rairies over unknown 
roadways, across nameless creeks and through untamed valleys and head- 
lands, nobody here now witnessed his passing, save those who might have 
acconii)anied the caravan cm the same mission with himself. 

He selected, as his future home, a tract of land on Sycamore creek, 
in section 22, townshij) 31, range 1.5, where he has, for thirty-four years, 
carried on farming with its attendant auxiliaries successfully and ef- 
fectively. His settlement was almost in the midst of a band of Osages, 
whose chief, Xopa walla, was a frequent visitor to the households of the 
scattered settlers and with whose tribe a reluctant sort of business and 
social intercourse was carried on. The minutia which made up the year- 
ly incidents of a life on this frontier can not be touched upon here and 
only as they are revealed in the experiences of the numerous pioneers 
mentioned in this volume will these incidents become kno.wn again to us 
and to our ]>osterity. 

The very <-(>mii<)si1ion and makeup of the man has maintained D. C. 
Krone a leading citizen of his township and county. It has been with no 
jiresumiilion on his part, or any disregard of the jiroper reserve, that his 
name is firsl mentioned amcuig the citizenship of his townshi]). or that 
be is (oordinale with only a few distinguished ]iioneers of his countv. He 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 287 

■seeiiied designed to take the initiative iu matrers and the propriety of 
his acts was so apparent that, of one accord, the voice of neighborly ap- 
proval came back. In the social life of his community, in its political 
ontaiiglemenfs or upheavals, in the cau.«e of public education and in the 
religions atmosphere of his church he is unconsciously a power iu the pro- 
motion of jjvogress and harmony unimpeded. 

He lias anticipated, in a way, the needs of the future in the pres- 
ervation of incidents of the past. A student of events himself, his genius 
has jn'ompled him to make records and to preserve data concerning the 
salient, historical events of his locality that the past may not become 
obscured to the future and that the works of the pioneers shall not have 
been wrought in vain. He puts his thoughts readily and intelligibly on 
paper and his contributions to county papers contain much food for the 
searcher after historical truth. 

neceml)er 4. 1808. D. C. Krone took his claim in Montgomery county. 
He came to Kansas the same year he left the army and stopped for three 
years near the Neosho river, between LeRoy and Xeosho Falls. He was 
from Macon county, Illinois, where his birth occurred April 17, 18-14. His 
father. Daniel Krone, was born in York county, Pennsylvania, February 
2, 1806. and took for a wife Sarah A. Kiester." He left his native State 
at an early day and settled in Macon county, Illinois, where his large 
family were brought up. He was a son of Michael Krone who had 
children: Jacob, Fhilo, Elijah, David, Jesse. Daniel, Tillie. Mary. Abigail 
and Hannah. Daniel married a daughter of Michael Kiester and was the 
father of twelve children, as follows: Duquesne H.. who has resided in 
Montgomery county since 1877 and who was a veteran of the Civil War, 
belonging to Company "E," Forty-first Illinois; Mrs. Mary Star, of In- 
dependence, Kansas ; Mrs. Susan Bradshaw. deceased : Dewitt C, of this 
review; Jesse S., deceased; Ellis K.. of Wil.son county, Kansas; Mrs. 
Jennie Stevens, of Taylorville, Illinois; Henry C, deceased; Charles L., 
of Oklahoma; Edward B., of Chickasha. Indian Territory; and Mrs. 
Myrtle Taylor, of Independence, Kansas. 

D. C. Krone acquired a country school education and grew to matur- 
ity on the farm. In 1862 he enlisted iu Company ''E," Forty-first Illinois 
Infantry, under Col. I. C. Pugh. the regiment being attached to the 
Army of the Tennessee. The principal engagements participated in by 
Mr. Krone were the Red River expedition." slege of Yicksburg, Benton- 
ville. Cold Water and March to the Sea. aud on to the Grand Review at 
Washington. D. C. He was discharged at Louisville, Kentuckv. and was 
mustered out July 28, 1865. Returning home, his trip to Kansas was 
soon made and his connection with Kansas' development took place. 

Ill 1868, Mir. Krone married Margaret J., daughter of John S. Lo- 
baugh. of Neosho Falls. The Lobaughs came to Kansas as pioneers from 
the State of Pennsylvania. The union of Mr. Krone aud his wife. Mar- 



28 > HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

{laret J., prodiK-ed the following children, viz: Naomi, wife of Jacob 8, 
Corziue, of Taylorville, Illinois; Katherine M.; Mrs. Mabel M. Burke, 
of AVhistler. Oklahoma ; and Walter W., of Neodesha. Kansas. The moth- 
er of these children i)assed away April !). 1880. Mr. Krone married 
M\iry I. White, a daughter of ('apt. Charles White, of Longton, Knsas. 
Two daughters only have resulted from this marriage, viz: Edith Lucile, 
and Ruth, both with the family home. The family are members of tht^ 
^rethodist church and ^Ir. Krone has served for thirty-two years as a 
nienilier of the district board of the Krone school. In politics he is a Re- 
pub] iran. and has been three times cho.^en as a delegate to the State cou- 
veiiiion. 



WILLIAM A. HE APE— One of the successful young farmers of the 
county is William A. riea|ie. of Sycamore township, on section 5-31-1 (i. He 
began his agricultural career in 1891 with a capital of |8.(I0. and. while 
any number of young men were deploring the delay of opportunity to 
pass their way, he boldly ])ro])osed to Robert Reis that he i-ent him a 
tract of 392 acres of wheat land, cash rent to be .«1,2()0. Mr. Reis liked 
the spirit of the youug man, chanced him and was not disa|iiiointed. To- 
day 51r. Heape owns his (juarter section of land with its iiii])rovements, 
and he has demonstrated to the .satisfaction of all that the possibilities 
of agriculture to the man of industry are without bounds. 

William Heape was born in Perry county, Illinois, September 19, 
1809, a son of Abraham Heape, a native of the ''Keystone State." When 
William was nine years old his parents located on a farm in Montgomery 
county, near Bolton, where he was reared and given a good common 
school education. His first venture for himself was in (Mark county, 
Kansas, where he worked on a stock farm for |16 per month. Anxious 
to get ahead in the world, and not seeing much in the future at such a 
figure, he determined to return to Montgomery county where he was well 
known and try farming on his own account. The opening lines of this 
sketch relate his success. 

The married life of Mr. Heape began in 1897, when he was joined 
to Rose, daughter of Albert T^tterback, both natives of Indiana. Their 
home is brightened bv the ]iresetice <if a son and a (htughter, I>op and 
Flazel. 

For the jiuiposcs cf a family recoi-d the following is added: T'lysses 
Heape our subject's grandfather and a native of Pennsylvania, married 
and later moved to Ohio with his seven children: Katherine. now Mrs. 
Miller. John, f4eorge, Cyrus, Levi, Abraham and Robert. Abraham ir.ar- 
ried Caroline Miller, a native of Maryland, and a daughter of Jacob and 
Eva Miller. The result of his union was a family of ten children: Jacob, 
of Meade county, Kansas; Nancy Chew, of Galena. Kansas; Sarah Davisj 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMEKY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 2»9 

Williniii A. ;ui(l Kathorlne Davis, of Montgomery county; Eva VeatcU 
and I'lizalii'tli Kcitli. also of Meade c-ounty; Robert, who is a leading cit- 
izen <i! Montjioiiu'iy county. Kansas; and John, his twin brother, resides 
iu Meade county, Kansas, Tlie youngest is Frederick, who resides in 
Moiitgonierv countv. 



Ht)I{ERT TAl'LL— Three decades in the State of Kansas have trans- 
fovnud the subject of this review into one of the popular and substantial 
c.itizens of ^lontgoniery county, (liven a native of Illinois and a veteran 
of tlie Civil War, and one has a combination of enterprise and loyalty 
to country which is a sure guaranty of a good citizen. 

The immediate- family history of Mr. Paull begins with his father, 
Johu I'aull, who was a native of Virginia and settled in Illinois in the 
earlv jiart of the nineteenth century. Here he married Nancy Potter, 
M'ho also had come from the State of Virginia. John I'aull was a black- 
smith by trade, though he also tilled the soil, and he remained in Illinois 
until .ifter the Civil War, when he came out to Kansas where he passed 
the remainder of his days, dying at the age of fifty-nine years. The 
wife had died at thirty-eight, after having borne a family of fourteen 
children. Robert was the eldest of the family, and there are five other 
living children. 

Robert Paull was born in Adams county, Illinois, on the 2(!lh of Sep- 
tember, 1841, and was reared to know the value of hard labor and the 
necessity of economy in the home. He was able to secure a fair education 
and was about ready to begin life on "his own hook" when "Uncle Sam," 
through President Lincoln, informed him he was needed to help disci- 
pline some of his unruly children. Loyalty to country being one of the 
cardinal principles of the Paull family, it was not a difficult thing to se- 
cure the consent of the father to become her defender, and Robert was 
therefore enlisted as a private soldier in Company "K," of the Ninety- 
ninth Illinois Infantry, In this company he served three long years, 
years busy with battle and strife and marchings, but years which saved 
and unified the grandest country on the great round globe. ^\i: Paull 
was with Grant in the notable siege of Vicksburg aud took i)art in the 
battles of Champion Hills, Jackson, and many skirmishes. His regiment 
was the first to cross the river in the final charge at Vicksburg where he 
was struck by a sjient bullet in the left side. After 'N'icksburg, the regi- 
ment was sent down into Texas, where, in a small skirmish. ".Mr. Paull 
again received a close call, this time on the right side, ihc bullet remain- 
ing on the inside of his shirt. 

At The close of the war, Mr. Paull came out to Kansas on a visit to 
his lather and on his return was joined in marriage with ilary E Mil- 
ler, the date being 1867, He settled on a farm in Pike countv! Illinois 



290 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

which he cultivated until 1873. when he followed the example of hiss 
father and came out to Mjontgomerv county. He settled on an eighty- 
acre tract three miles northeast of the present town of Havana, and 
which is a part of the valuable farm of 236 acres he now owns. 
Hpre he has engaged in general farming and his well-tilled acres dem- 
onstrates what persistent and intelligent agricultural effort will accom- 
plish in Sunny Kansas. The small box house he erected on the eighty 
later was replaced by the commodious and handsome residence in which 
he now resides, and where he and his wife extend their friends a most 
cordial welcome. 

Two children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Paull. a son and a 
daughter: Frank L. is in the hotel business in Independence, while the 
daughter. Nancy, is the wife of Milton Bowersock, a prosperous farmer 
residing in the neighborhood. 



M. F. CARSTDY— :M,ichaeI F. Cassidy. one of the "GOers," and thus 
entitled to meiiiberslii]) in the Society of Pioneers, is one of the race 
whose magnificent battle against the wrongs and oppression of England 
has challenged the admiration of mankind and which is now evidently 
drawing to a close in the peaceful transference of the land back to its 
rightful owners. "Ireland for the Irish" is about to be realized. But 
it has cost England the flower of the Irish race to realize that homes, and 
homes only, make a contented people. 

One of the thousands of families who came to America in the middle 
of the last century was that of Michael M. Cassidy. who left the old coun- 
try in 1848. Alichael F. was born in County Monaghan. October 22, 1835. 
His father was one of four children — his mother being Katherine. daugh- 
ter of Owen Bird, of the same county. The family of Mr. Cassidy, Sr., con- 
sisted of six children, all born in the island, as follows: James, Thomas, 
Ann. the latter dying in Ireland; Mary McOuire, -Joseph, of Clinton coun- 
ty, Iowa; ]\Ii(lia('l F., subject of this review; and John, of Minnesota. 

At maturity, Jlicliael F, Cassidy married Bridget O'Brien, a native 
of Canada, and a daughter of James and Elizabeth O'Brien, natives of 
County Cork, Ireland. This wife became the mother of three children, 
two now deceased. To Ellen A. Dunn, the lady who now presides over 
the hnnie of Mr. Cassidy and whom he married in 1875, there were born 
five children: Michael P.. deceased; Mary A., a teacher of the county; 
John O.. express mes.senger on the Frisco road; Nellie, at home; and 



Teresa, a 


student 


of the coun 


ty hig 


h sH 


hool. 


Ml 


■s. Cassidy is also "to 


the maiioi 


V boi-n," 


lieing the d; 


imght( 


>r of 


Join 


1 ai 


id Bridget Londergan, 


of (^ountv 


Tipi.er: 


iry, Ireland. 












Mr. '< 


"assidv 


was a wide: 


uvake 


tl.ir 


teen-; 


.car 


iild when he came to 


America ' 


ivilli his 


parents. Tl 


hey s;i 


il.'d 


from 


Dii 


ililin ou the good ship 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 29I 

"('liar.(i'llt)i' St. .Idhn" and came by way of New Orleans. A rough voy- 
age was exiiericueed, tlie ship having struck on the Island of Hayti, two 
of her masts being carried away. The journey was thus leugthened to 
a tiresome i)priod of fourteen weeks. At New Orleans the family secured 
passage \\p the river to St. Louis and were about to embark when the 
overloaded condition of the boat caused the father to decide to forfeit 
tickets rather than risk their lives; a decision which showed much wis- 
dom, as the boat actually went to the bottom of the river. Boarding tho 
next boat, they again were providentially hindered from reaching their 
destination, having to disembark at Memphis on account of cholera break- 
ing out on the boat. Here they remained four months, when the jour- 
ney was resumed. Xot long after reaching St. Louis cholera became epi- 
demic there aud Mr. Cassidy decided to move farther up the country. 
Thus near Dubuque, Iowa, they had their first experience in American 
agriculture. Davenport, Scott county, and Clinton county of that State 
were joints of residence for the family until 1869, when they came dowu 
iiitci :\l(intg(iniery county, Kansas. 

In liic sjtring of 180!), the journey was accomplished by team i'nnw the 
old home in Iowa to the undeveloped region of Southern Kansas. Our 
subject filed on the claim where they have since lived, in West Cherry 
township, on section 3-32-lfi. Neighbors were few and far between— 
unless line might call the "noble Red Man" a neighbor— in which case they 
were plenty. However, Mr. Cassidy always liked the Indian and got 
along splendidly with him. Only once was there trouble, and that had 
such a laughable denouement, it passed off quietly. While he was away 
one day. Chief Beaver's son undertook to frighten Mrs. Cassidy. After 
worrying her as much as he desired in the hou.se, he climbed on top of the 
chimney, and the first sight Mr. Cassidy had of him was in that position, 
wavirg a red blanket. To his orders to come down the boy gave Mr. Cas- 
sidy the laugh, whereupon that gentleman proceeded inside, placed a 
goodly portion of i)owder in the firejilace and while the boy was at the 
height of his glee, touched it ort". The sight of that boy "scudding" off 
acros--. The jirairie still remains in the memory of our subject as one of the 
iauglmble occurrences of that early day. ^Mr. Cassidy is responsible for 
the uinue of Irish creek, the Indians having learned that he was Irish, 
thought to compliment him, and to some enquiring whites gave that 
name because the Cassidys lived on that creek. 

In l^C.!*, Mr. Cassidy aud his family were the only white i)eople in 
Montgomery county. Kansas, to celebrate the Fourth of July. Mr. Cas- 
sidy had been invited by Captain Ayers, mayor of Osage Mission, and 
Mr. Gilmore, an old Indian trader, to come over to a war dance of several 
tribes which met for several days at Osage M.lssion and during these davs 
the celebration took place. 

With the exception of seven years in the lumber business in Iowa, 



292 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

]\Ir. ("assidv has passed his life as a tiller of the soil. His .standing in 
]\I()ii(^()niery eonnty is of the best, as he has ever evinced a dispo.sition to 
jiive his iiifiiieiice to those things that make for the material and intel 
lechial advancement of the community. He is a member of the school 
board and acicd as rcnsus enumerator in 1900. Both he and his family 
are devout rdiiiiininicnnts of the Holy Catholic church, and deserve, as 
Ihey receive. I he esteem of the entire community. 



A. ]'. FOKSYTH— The subject of this sketch was born in New Rich- 
mond. Cleimont county. Ohio, May 2-1, 1830. He is of Scotch decent. His 
jiareuts moved to Indiana when he was five years old and settled twenty 
miles noitheast of Vincennes, where he remained most of the time until 
he reached manhood. 

His education was received in the conunon schools of that time, sap 
plemonted with two terms at Asbury T'niversity (now De Paw). 

He was married to Miss Louisa S. Hinkle, November 27, 18.")1. They 
had 'oorn to them six children, four of wliom are living, three sons and 
one daughter. 

He was admitted into the Indiana conference of the M. E. church a» 
a travelling itreachcr in IS;":! and sustained that relation for eight years. 

II(> enlisted in 1 he scr\ ice of liis country in -Inly, 18(i2, and, upon the 
organization of ilic regiment, was commissioned by Gen. O. P. Morton, 
fiirst lieutenant of <'oniiiany •]." Ninety-seventh regiment. Indiana 
Volunteers, and \\as discharged in .August. 18(U. l>y reason of disability 
incurred in the service. 

He then moved lo Illinois, in the sjiring of ISC,.-), and settled on a farm 
thirteen miles west from Paris, the county seat of Edgar county. He 
took quite an active jiart in the Grange movement; was elected and 
served three terms of two years each as master of the State Grange of Il- 
linois; was elecliMl lo the Forty-sixth Congress from the then Fifteenth 
district, as a Crceiibacker or National Republican, the district having 
.-|.(i(io Dcniociaiic ni.ijority. During his term in Congress, he acted and 
voted with llie Kc|.iil>lic,in party upon all National questions. 

It. issi, he nidvctl 111 K.-iiisas and settled on a farm in Lilierty town- 
ship, six miles s<inilieast of Indciiendence. He took quite an active pact 
in loral ],oliiics ami in the state cani].aign of ISSS and IStlO. when Ly- 
man r. lliimiiliicy was the candidate for governor, and sixtke in a num- 
ber ot cnnties in'diireii'iit p.-irts of the si,-ite; .also took an active i>arf in 
the caini,ai-n of Is'.n' when A. W. Smith was a candidate for governor. 
Since Ihcii he has lakei active part in jiolilics. 

He served three leriiis of (liree years each as regent of the Kansiui 
State .Vgri(aillitral College, being appointed thereto by (Jov. John A. 
]^lartin and Lyman C. Humphrey, successively. He continued farming 




W. H. SLOAN. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMIiUV COUNTY^ KANSAS. 293 

until !!M)(I. wlicTi lit* rented his farm and moved to Independence, Kansas, 
where he now resides. 



WILLIAM H. SLOAN — Louisburg township became the home iu 
July, 1868, of William H. Sloan, one of the solid men of Montgomery 
county, who shares, in large part, the credit for the splendid development 
that lias since come to the county. As stated in the review devoted to 
the liischo family, these two gentlemen came together and filed on ad- 
joiiiiiig claims, Mr. Sloan's (piarter being on section 13-32-14. Here he 
passeii through all the trials incident to pioneer life and is now enjoying 
the fiuits of his well-directed efforts, being, at the present time, in posses- 
sion of a farm of 845 acres and having his home, since 1900, in Rutland 
township. 

He landed on his claim that hot July day with a frying pan, a cof- 
fee pot, an axe.a sack of corn and a piece of bacon ; having come from 
Hardin county, Ohio. He put up the usual 14x16 house and the follow- 
ing year began farming operations. He soon became well acquainted 
with the Indians and, though not being able to "conjure" them as his 
friend, "Medicine Man" Inscho, still, he lived with them in comparative 
peace. He became especially well acquainted with interpreters Alvin 
Wood and Paul and with Chiefs Nopawalla, Chetopa and Strike Axe, 
and found them, in many respects, not wanting in the noble qualities of 
the '"Fenimore Cooper" Indian. 

As time passed, Mr. Sloan gave his best endeavors to the esatblish- 
ment of schools, churches and "other civilizing and refining influences 
and has always been particularly jealous of the good reputation of his 
township and county. He has served faithfully in the unpaid offices of 
township trustee and on the school board and is ready at all times to en- 
ter into any enterprise that will advance the public good. He is an old 
time ilason, belonging to ail the different branches of that noble order, 
from Master Mason to Mystic Shrine. 

Touching briefly on tiie family history of Mr. Sloan, John Sloan, his 
grandfather, was aii Irishman of Reformed Presbyterian faith who, to- 
gether with a family of eleven children, came to America and settled on 
a farm in Ohio. The names of these children were: William, Samuel, Jo- 
seph, John. Thomas, James, David, Robert, Margaret, Elisha and Fannie. 
Of these, William married Ann Scott, also a native of the Emerald Isle, 
who became the mother of: Sarah A. Weaver, Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Stew- 
art, Mrs. Frances J. Shaw, Margaret H.. Mrs. Agnes L. Stewart, John, 
William H. and Joseph G. 

William H. Sloan married Rhoda Debo, a native of the "Hoosier 
State" and daughter of William and Henrietta Debo. These parents 
were cliildreii of the i)ii>neer families of that state and passed their lives 



294 HISTORY OP MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

ill IIk ciillivulidu (if its soil. To Mr. aii.l Mrs. Sloan have hceu born: 
Homer, Ethel, Jessie, Helen and Fay. 

Born Jannary 15, 1842. William Hpnry Sloan was reared in his na- 
tive connty of Champaign, in Ohio. and was at that age when the blood 
runs most freely, when the darkening clouds of the Civil War gathered in 
terrible array. He chafed under home restraint until September, ISCl, 
when he enrolled as a private in Company "G," Ninth Ohio Volunteer 
Cavalry, under Col. William Hamilton, General Kilpatrick of the 
Third Cavalry division. Army of the Cumberland, commanding. He 
reached the front in time to take part in "Uncle Billy" Sherman's picnic 
excursion to the sea. and jiarticipated in the closing scenes of the war 
in the Carolinas. His mustering out occurred at Concord, North Caro- 
lina, in July, lSf>5, when he returned home, to ne'er again engage in mor- 
tal strife with his fellowman. 



THOMAS HARBISON— A period of thirty-three years takes one 
back to the beginning of things in Independence. Those were the days 
of "shacks," prairie schooners, bad Indians and worse cowboys; a con- 
trast, indeed, to the beautiful homes, elegant equipages and refined and 
intelligent citizenship which fill the city today. There are a few of those 
early landmarks left, but on the principle of the "survival of the fittest'' 
the old settler of today is generally a well-to-do. self-respecting citizen, 
whose earlier strenuous days have given place to the quiet jog-trot of 
prosperous old age. On the 22d of September. 1870, the gentleman whose 
honored name initiates this paragraph took up his residence in Inde- 
pendence, and the entire stretch of the three decades has found him 
first and foremost in every movement that had for its object the better- 
ment of conditions in the town of his adoption. 

Somersetshire. England, was the place of birth of our subject, the 
time January 8. 1835. He was a son of William and Ann (Chapman) 
Harrison, both now deceased. Following the good old English custom, 
Thonuis was apprenticed to a trade after he had received a fair common 
school education, the jieriod of apjirenticeship in his case occupying the 
eleven years prior to his majority. This gave him ample time to thor- 
oughly master the saddlery trade. He worked as a journeyman in the 
city of London until 18(!8, when, in September, he carried out a resolu- 
tion he had made some time before of seeking his fortune in the new 
world. He settled in the city of Detroit and worked at his trade two 
years, by which time he had succeeded in laying by enough to think of 
starting business for himself. Favorably impressed with representa- 
tions concerning the new State of Kansas, he began an investigation 
whicli iiiliiiiiialcd in Jiis selecting Inde])enden(e as the most likely point, 
a (Iccision he has never regretted. In comi)any with his brother-in-law, 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 295 

Jaiiios CuUyfoi'd, Mr. Iliirrisou entered upon his business career under 
the firm name of Cullyford & Harrison, saddlers, a firm which was dis- 
solved five years later, the occasion being the first disastrous fire that 
visited llie business section of tlie little town, and in which their building 
aud its contents were destroyed. With the proverbial l^nulish grit, Mr. 
Harrison started at the foot of the ladder aud again began its toilsome 
asi-eni, this time alone. Ten years later, he again sutlered severely by fire, 
but since which time he has had a peaceful and successful career. Singu- 
larly enough, both fires originated next door, and both are said to have 
bwn of incendiary origin. Mr. Harrison is engaged extensively in the 
sale .)*' leather goods, all kinds of farm im]ilenients and vehicles, which 
he houses in a commodious two-story business building, 23x140 feet. 
His trade is not confined by county or state lines, as his reputation of 
dealing in none but the best goods was a matter of cai-eful calculation 
in the earlier days of his business career. 

As intimated, Mr. Harrison's citizenship has been of the helpful 
kind. He has, at different times, served in offices of trust connected with 
the government of the city; a member of the fire company for eleven 
years, in the council eight years, during which many of the substantial 
improvements were made in the city, his last term being honored with 
election as president of that body. For one term he was a member of the 
school board. 

Before leaving the laud of his birth. Mr. Harrison had secured a 
partner to share with him the joys and sorrows of this life, the lady be- 
ing ilary A. Cullyford, a native of Somersetshire. Her three children 
were: William, in business with his father; Louisa, single; and Charlie, 
who died in infancy. The mother of these children died just one year 
from the date of Mf. Harrison's coming to Independence. The lady who 
now presides over his home aud who became his wife in 1872, was Mrs. 
Catherine ilorrison, aud to them one son was born, Charles T., now a 
young ])harniacist of the city. 

Believing in the fraternity idea, Mr. Harrison early became a mem- 
ber of the I. O. O. F.. in which order he has filled all the chairs and is 
at present Chief Patriarch of the Encampment. He is also an active 
member of the Woodmen, having held the office of Sovereign Lieutenant 
for a number of years. It is not fulsome praise to say that no more high- 
ly respected citizen lives in Montgomery county than Thomas Harrison. 
His life has at all times been an open book whose leaves remain stainless. 



BERNHARDT ZAUtiCi— The late pioneer whose name initiates 
this memoir was a character, somewhat unique, whose career of twenty- 
seven years in Independence and vicinity was marked for its unabated 
industry and f<u- its versatility. He came here in 1870, when the town 



296 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

possessed scarcely more than the name, engaged in the bntcher business 
the first three yeans and followed it with a term of years in the whole- 
sale liquor business. On retiring from this, he occupied his farm in the 
Verdigris bottom just east of the city and was emjdoyed with its conduct 
until failing health forced his withdrawal from ])hysical labors. He 
again became a citizen of Independence where he died June 8. 1897. Such 
is a brief synopsis of the life and achievements of Bernhardt Zaugg who 
filled a niche in the business life of Montgomery county. Widely known, 
respected by all, with honorable ancestry and without posterity he left 
to the world the proud record of a successful life. 

Bernhardt Zaugg was a Swiss by nativity. He was born in the 
jiKiv ii ce of Berne, April 12, 1840. and was a .son of Tlrich and Elizabeth 
I I'unkhouser) Zaugg, somewhat extensive and well-to-do farmers of the 
]iii)\ iiue. The parents were born and died there and were communicants 
in the Lutheran church. Fourteen children were born to them, the sec- 
ond oldest being Bernhardt of this sketch. Two sisters and two brothers 
of them came to the United States. Bernhardt in 18ti8 and Peter and the 
sisters — llrs. Elizabeth Euberg. deceased, of Colorado, and Mrs. Barbara 
Avenerius, of Ottawa, Kas. — following later on. Bernhardt Zaugg was 
fairly educated in the schools ])rovided for his station in Switzerland and 
learned the butcher's trade, lie jiassed through ("astle Garden, robust 
and strong, and made his way to Saint .Tose](h. ilissouri. where he ob- 
tained work at his trade. Leaving the ^lissouri town, he drifted 
down to Baxter Springs. Kansas, from wliiih point he came to Independ- 
ence. 

Montgomery county was the scene of Mr. Zaugg's effective work. 
"With the aid and counsel of his wife he laid the foundation for and built 
a modest fortune. While he was young and ftill of vigor no task requir- 
ing industry was he unable to accomjilisb and it can be safely stated 
that he amassed his wealth by intelligent and jnoperly directed effort. 
The farm he owned in the river bottiun sold for iflC.OOO.ilO. a greater sum 
than was paid for a like estate before that time in Montgomery county. 
His wife, whom he married in lii(l(']iendence December 24, 1872. was an 
ever-present aid to his amiution. She was Bernhardtina Tanner, born in 
Switzerland January 24. 1844. and a daughter of Conrad and Elizabeth 
(Sonderheger) Tanner. Her parents had five children of which number 
she is llie sole survivor. .Mrs. Zaugg was educated liberally in the ordi- 
narv schools of the Swiss republic and. as it hai)pened. came to the 
TTnited States the same year her husband did. Slie passed from New 
York fo (irand I{ai)ids. Michigan, and came on to Kansas as soon as the 
government Irealed willi the Osage Indians for their reservation. She 
and her late husband lit'u;ni life in an liiindile way and the quarter of a 
century in which they lahorcd tog(>ilicr their efforts achieved financial re- 
.S)ilts that were gratilving indi'cil. Her aid of different industrial enter- 



HISTORY 0[- MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 297 

])iis(w (if Iii(le]ieii(lt'in(' show lici* 1o be progressive mihI ]iul)lic s])irite(]. 
The l)ri(k ]ilaiit, the ( lacker factory and the eottou mill have each been 
beneficiaries of her generosity and it i.s with a spirit of loyalty to her 
favoi'ite city that she is ])ronii)te{l to these favoring acts. 

As ipjoneers Mr. and .M,is. Zangg were among the first. As citizens 
they p(>rfi>rnied a iiiddest but iiosiiivc part in the internal affairs of Mont- 
gomery coiinly and sustained their names unsullied and uuimpeached. 



JAMES F. BLACKLEDGE— No other county in the state owes its 
phenomenal development to the fire and snap of youth to a greater extent 
than does Montgomery. Here in the years immediately succeeding the 
great Civil War. settled men whose youthful fiber had been steeled by 
war's exacting duties, and who are now referred to as "old settlers." 
Though still active, they have gradually given way to the younger ele- 
ment, whose educational equipment fits them to take up the more compli- 
cated work of advancing civilization. Among this number the gentle- 
man whose name initiates this paragraph is noted as a leader, adding 
to the restless energy of youth the sound judgment that coiues from suc- 
cessful contact with the business world in various capacities. 

James F. Blackledge is the present efficient cashier and manager of 
the Caney Valley National Bank, of Caney City. The place of his nativ- 
ity was Rockville, Indiana, the time October 29, 1869. He is the youngest 
son of William and Phoebe (Johns) Blackledge, his parents belonging to 
that sturdy class of artisans which has made the ''Hoosier State" famous 
in the field of labor. The parents are natives of Ohio, the father born in 
1S32, and upon arriving at manhood beconuug a builder and contractor 
in Indiana. In this state he passed his early manhood and cheerfully 
laid aside the implements of peace to wield the sword in the glorious 
cause of freedom during tlie three long years of the Civil War. In 1879, 
hecasthis lot with the "Sunflower State," settling first in Oswego, then at 
Coffeyville, where he and his wife now reside, honored members of socie- 
ty. Seven children were born to them, three boys and two girls yet liv- 
ing. 

A lad of but ten years when he first looked upon Kansas prairies, 
Mr. Blackledge lays claim to being a Kansan "to the manor born," the en- 
tire formative and educational period of his life being passed within the 
borders of the State. The foundation of his excellent education was laid 
in the district schools, from which he passed to a course in Salina Col- 
lege. At nineteen, after passing a creditable examination in the Civil Ser- 
vice, he received an appointment in the railway mail service as clerk, his 
first run being on the Ft. Scott & Webb City R. R., from Ft. Scott to 
Webb City, The facility which he rapidly acquired in the service and a 
fine grasp of the more intricate problems which came up for solution al- 



298 HISTORY OF SIONTGOMEUY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

most daily, soon marked him for promotion, and he was tested in many 
different positions in the succeeding five years, in all of which he proved 
eflBcient. 

The marriage of Mr. Blackledge, in 1890. had thrown him into con- 
tact with a master of finance in the person of his fatherin-law, E. P. Al- 
len, president of the Bank of Independence, and with whom, in 1893, he 
became associated in a banking venture in the then village of Caney. 
Joint purchasers of stock in the Caney Valley Bank, they operated it as 
a stale bank until 1!)(I0, when it was incorporated under the name now 
known, with a cai>ital of .f25.0(l(Ml(l. X'lulcr the splendid management of 
Mr. Blackledge. This bank has beionie one of the solid financial institu- 
tions of the county, with a working deposit of nearly fKKI.OOO.OO. If one 
thing more than another has contributed to Mr. Blackledge's success in 
the business world, it is his absolute fidelity to a trust, and the careful 
consideration he gives to the minutest detail of the work. 

Politics, as such, proves of but little interest to Mr. Blackledge. He 
votes with the Rei)ublican i)arty, and, yielding to the solicitation of 
frieufis, has served his municipality in the board of couucilnien. To this 
he adds the sinecure of city treasurer. 

The home life of our subject has been peculiarly felicitious, Miss 
Mattie H. Allen, daughter of E. P. and Mary Allen, becoming his wife 
as stated above, ip 1890. To this union have been born f'oui' bright 
children — Ralph T., Paulina, Gwynne and Mercedes. 

Mr. Blackledge is a member of Masonic Blue Lodge, a K. of P. 
and an M. W. A. and Mrs. Blackledge is a member of the Presbyterian 
church. 



ELIZABETH BRYANT— The lady mentioned is one of the most in- 
teresting of the few pioneers of Montgomery county still left. She de- 
lights in reminiscences of the early days when wild game and the wilder 
Red Man roamed in undisputed possession of the prairie, and can tell 
many tales of adventure in which the "noble Red Man" figured, and gen- 
erally to his discredit. Mirs. Bi'yant came to Kansas in 1858, with her 
husband and family, first settling in Atchison county, thence, in 18C0, to 
("otlcy county, where they resided dujing the war. In 1867, they moved 
down into Jlontgomery county, where they have ever since been among 
its best citizens. 

Jlrs. Bryant was born in Vermilion county, Indiana, on the 31st of 
January, 1836, the daughter of John and Fannie (Harper) Geer, both 
natives of Kentucky. John Geer was one of the early settlers of the 
"Hoosier State," having come from Kentucky when a five-year-old boy. 
He lived in Indiana until 1853, when he removed with his family to Iowa, 
and ia which state he died at the advanced age of eighty years, the wife 



HISTORY OF MONTGOJIEUY COUNTY, KANSAS. 299 

at sevonty-one. In August of 1855, Mrs. Bryant was married to Hezekiah 
F. Hryant. a native of Keutueky, born April 12th, 1832. He came over 
into Indiana when a boy and accompanied Mr. Geer's people when they 
moved out to Iowa. They rented a farm for several years in Iowa and, in 
1858, came to Kansas, as stated. The family were living in Poffey county 
when the war came on and Jlr. Bryant at "once enlisted. This left Mrs. 
Bryant to look after affairs at home and for the entire period of the war 
she bravely fought the battles necessary to keep her young family to- 
gether—and who shall say the brave women did not have battles to fight 
that took as high a degree of courage and as great display of generalship 
as were required on the actual field of carnage. 

Early in lS(il. Mr. Bryant enlisted in the Ninth Kansas Cavalry, and 
served nearly five years with that organization, participating in many 
important engagements of the west. As stated, the family moved down 
into Montgomery county in 1807, where they located a claim on Elk river. 
This was in pioneer days, in truth, when but few white families were in 
the county, and when thieving Indians roamed over valley and hill. The 
Bryants were unfortunate enough to become the victims of these pests, 
losing their only team soon after their arrival, and even a coat and brace 
of revolvers that had been carelessly laid aside. Claim-jumpers were an- 
other species of varmint the new settlers had to reckon with. While Mr. 
Bryant was gone on his trip back to Coffey county for the rest of the 
family, an effort was made to jump his claim, which his return in the 
nick of time prevented. As it was, the family moved into their cabin be- 
fore the roof was put on and slept the first night under a few rough 
boardii. The first year was one of privation and almost of suffering, but 
after their first crop was raised it became easier, and, as years passed, 
hard work brought prosperity and plenty to their door. 

This first farm was cultivated until the year 1885, when it was sold 
and a move made to where Mrs. Bryant now resides, two miles from 
Tyro. Mr. Bryant died on the 1-Ith of March, 1889, at the age of fifty- 
six years eleven months and twenty-eight days, in Saint Andre Bay, 
Florida, while in search of health. He was a man whose fine traits of 
character won to him many friends. He cai'ed little for public life, but 
was most envious of the good will of his friends and neighbors, among 
whom he was exceedingly popular. 

Mrs. Bryant was the mother of eight children : Marion, deceased in 
1886; John W., James, Benjamin X., deceased at one year and eight 
mouths; William A., B. Simeon, Ida IMay, deceased in infancy; and~an 
unnamed infant. 

Of this family, William A. has dutifully remained at home, caring 
for his mother. He was born in Coffey county in 1867, and has passed 
the entire period of his life at home. The farm which he cultivates evi- 
dences in its well-tilled acres the stroke of a master hand, and presents 



300 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

as fliif- an appearance as any in the confines of the county. He makes a 
specialty of breeding fine horses and takes great pride in driving the best 
in his stable, in the cultivation of his farm. Ills devotion to his mother is a 
matter of common remark, and he has resolutely remained single with 
the purpose of giving her the better care. He is i-egarded in the com- 
nninity as a worthy son of a worthy father, whose many virtues he so 
aptly illustrates. 



JOHN CRICK — John Crick, a farmer of Louisbnrg township, Mont- 
gomery county, is a native of Old England, where he was born, in Roln- 
hurst, on the 25th of February, 1842. His father was James H. Hopwood, 
and his mother Sarah Crick. The parents lived and died in the Old 
Country, where, in Redfordsliire, our subject was educated and learned 
his trade. 

In the year 1800, the latter crossed the ocean and located in Phila- 
delphia, where he woi'ked at his trade, as a machinist, with the firm of 
Bement & Dougherty, and also with the Sellers Tool Co. He remained in 
Philadelphia about one year and then went to Su.squehanna, the same 
state, where he entered the employ of the New York and Erie Rail- 
road. Later, he came to Chicago and worked for tlie Rork Island Rail- 
road Company. He was with the Kansas Pacific for two years at dif- 
ferent points and then, finally, abandoned the life of a machinist and, in 
1871, located on the farm where he now resides. This farm consists of 
160 acres of fine land, which our subject keeps in a high state of cultiva- 
tion. It is stocked well with the best grades of cattle and horses and 
shows the skillful hand of the master agriculturist. 

The domestic life of Ml". Crick began April 15th, 1863, on which date 
he was joined in marriage with Mary, a daughter of Valentine and Cla- 
rinda (Durand) Cryderman. Mrs. Crick's father was a native of Canada, 
where he was born in 1816. In early manhood he located in Indiana and 
there married. He, later, moved to Illinois, where Mrs. Crick was born, 
she being one of a family of ten children, viz: George, deceased; Amelia, 
first married John Smith, but is now the wife of Edward Hays; Silvia, 
deceased wife of Jesse N. Gallamore, her children being: Nellie, Rose. Ivy, 
Jessie, Florence, Clarinda, Maude, Amy and Vane; the fourth child is 
Mrs. Crick; Mci ril I L., lives with his mother in Wilson county, Kansas; 
James N'alciilinc Amos inaii-ied Cornelia Rauland. lives in Neodesha, 
Kansas; William Adna, .lolm mairi.-d D.na Wcllniing and lives in Wash- 
ington, and an infant unnamed. 

To. Mr. and Mrs. Crick have been born a family of six children, as 
follows — Nettie, born January 4th, 1875, resides at home; Jesse, born 
October 5th, lS7t;; Daisy 1?., born July 14th, 1870; Amy E., born Septem- 
ber 22iid, 1881; Harry, born November 12th, 1884, and Frank V., born 



HISTORY OP MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 301 

Sept. 7th, 188(i. Of tliese cliildieii, -Jesse, the oldest son, enlisted in the 
SiKinish-Anieiii-an \v;iv in the sjiring' of 1898, and served until his dis- 
chiu-ge at San Fnimiseo, >Jovenibei' 1st, 1899. He resided, for a time, in 
Missoula, Montana, and is now an employe of the Northern Pacific rail- 
way, and at present resides in Aguascolientes, Mexico, where he is a loco- 
motive engineer. 

Mr. and Mrs. Crick are devout and consistent members of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church and are leading members of society in the com- 
munity, where they interest themselves in every cause which looks to gen- 
eral betterment. He has never sought public office, and is pleased to sup- 
port the principles of the Republican party by his vote. He is a charter 
member of William Penu Lodge of Elk Ci'ty,'l. O. O. F. He joined this 
order in 1870. in Wyandotte, Kansas, and has been a life-long member of 
the same. Those who know Mi'. Crick and his family best are uniform 
in their opinion of the splendid character which they maintain in the 
community. 



JAMES A. McDowell— Since 1869, there has lived, five miles from 
Elk City, a gentleman, who, by his upright character and by his unity of 
purpose has earned the esteem of a large community of friends. There 
are few in the ranks of the "old settlers" of the county who are better or 
more favorably known than Mr. McDowell, and we present his record in 
brief, that posterity may know him. and something of his antecedents. 

October 9th, 1858, marks the date of birth of Mr. McDowell, in Cald- 
well county, Kentucky. He is of Irish extraction, his father, Allen Mc- 
Dowell, having been a son of Alexander, who was the Irish founder of 
this American family. They settled in Kentucky, where Allen McDowell 
was born, and where he married Martha Freeman, daughter of Hardy F. 
Freeman, of a North ("arolina family, which settled in Caldwell county, 
Kentucky. 

Allen McDowell enlisted in the Union army during the Civil war, 
and died at home while on a furlough, but his widow still lives and resides 
with her son, our subject. 

James A. McDowell was a lad of ten jears when his mother settled 
in Montgomery county, Kansas. With her came her father, together with 
a brother and two brothers-in-law. Each of the male members of the 
party preempted a quarter section of land in Louisburg township, as also 
did our subject's mother. The latter proved up on her claim, sold out 
and purchased the farm of eighty acres upon which Mr. McDowell now 
resides, and which he has continued to cultivate since he grew to man- 
hood. 

Mr. McDowell married, in January, 1893. Miss Lola Lewis, (laugliler of 
Abraham and Martha (Keed) Lewis. To tliis marriage have been born 



302 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

three diildreii : Alvis, born Deeeinber 8th, 1891; Frances Anna, born 
Mareh :28th. 181)(;; and .Tames Allen, born June 7th, 18!)8. 

The farm on which Mr. McDowell now resides is not extensive in 
acreage, but it is well kept and shows the hand of an intelligent and 
skilled agriculturist. 

In fraternal life, Mr. McDowell is a member of the Modern Wood- 
men cf Anier'ca. and in i.olitics he attiliates and votes with the Republi- 
can part.v. 



CAl'T. J. E. STOXK — This name is an honored one in >rontgoiiiery 
count V, where its bearer lias resided for uuiny long years, he being one of 
the earliest settlers in the southern part of the county. Capt, Stone set- 
tled in the county soon after the war and one year prior to the laying out 
of the townsite of Cauey. Here he purchased a large body of laud, on 
pari of which now stands that city. During his residence hei-e. ('apt. 
Stone has filled several important public positions, notably that of county 
sheriti, in which otiice he served two terms, and as postmaster of the city 
of Caney. a position he has held since 1897. 

Capt. Josejih E. Stone is the eldest son of Jonathan and Sarah ( Stev- 
ens i Stone. Llis birth dates in the state of Maine, where he was born, in 
\Aaldo county, on the lIGth day of July, 1842. His parents were by occu- 
pation farmers. The records give the date of the birth of Jonathan Stone 
as .March 27th, 1810. his death occurring July 20th, 1SS:^. The dates of 
birth and dealh of the wife are resjiectively, March 27th. 1818, and 
January l.^th, l!t(l(t. These pareuts reared a family of live children, ("apt. 
Stone passed the days of his youth and young manhood on the home farm, 
his early education being that which was common in those days in the 
country districts of the east. With this as a foundation he attended ses- 
sions at the Maine State Seminary, and at the early age of sixteen had 
qualitJed himself for the noble work of a teacher. He taught success- 
fully for a i>eriod of live years in the country districts about his home. 
As tlie rumblings of war became more and more distinct the young 
teach(>r followed events with an all-absorbing interest and when opportu- 
nity offered he was ready to offer his life as a sacrifice on the altar of de- 
votion to country. He enlisted in Company "B," of the 41th U. S. Color- 
ed Infantry, a regiment recruited with white officers and colored troojis. 
Capt. Stone was enlisted as second lieutenant and was later jircimoted to 
first lieutenant, which jiosilion he was holding at his discharge. He par- 
ticijialed in several im])ortant engagements and was at the surrender of 
Eee at Appomattox. His regiment was sent to the extreme south im- 
mediately after the surrender and he was mustered out in the city of 
New Orleans. The service, however, had proved so fascinating to our sub- 
ject that he soon re-enlisted in the regular .service, this time as first lieu- 




J E. STONE. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 303 

tenant of Company "B," 125th Colored U. S. Infantry. In this position 
he experienced service on the jilains for two yeai-s and then closed his 
military life at Fort Leavenworth, in December of 1867. 

A trip to the old home in Maine preceded his settlement at Lee Sum- 
mit, Jackson county, Missouri, where he conducted a commission busi- 
ness until the spring of 1870. This year marks the date of his coming 
to Kansas, the exact day of his landing in the vicinity of the present city 
of Caney being the 11th of May. He took up a claim just north gf Caney 
and since that time has Iteen one of the largest individual land owners in 
the county. His holdings aggregate at present some 1.200 acres, 500 of 
which adjoins the city limits. Some idea of the strides real estate have 
taken in this vicinity may be gathered from the fact that this land, 
bought at 17.00 an acre, is now valued in the neighborhood of $100.00. 

Capt. Stone has figured actively in the development of Caney. In 
188(i, a company was organized, of which he became president, and which 
purchased 240 acres north of the city. This was platted and is now a part 
of the city proper. He has built himself a handsome residence on the 
corner of Fourth avenue and Wood street, where he is passing an active 
and pleasant old age. 

As stated, the public life of Capt. Stone comprised two terms in the 
oflSee of sheriff, in the early days, and his present position of postmaster. 
His exi)erience in the former office was immediately after his arrival in 
Kansas, and was in a day when it took a man of some nerve to adminis- 
ter the office. Our subject can tell many a good story of "border war- 
fare," when the man quickest with his gun was the master of the situa- 
tion. During his term as postmaster at Caney the office has passed from 
a fourth-class to a presidential office. His administration of the office 
has been eminently satisfactory to the patrons and the department at 
Washington. In financial circles Capt. Stone is known far and wide. 
He is vice president and one of the principal stockholders in the Home 
National Bank of Caney, and is regarded as one of the solid men of the 
southern part of the state. 

Our subject has been most active in political life, and it is not ful- 
some praise to say that the present condition cf the Republican party is 
due in large measure to his wise counsel and efficient management as 
chairman of the County Central Committee. 

The marriage of Capt. Stone occurred in February of 1874, while 
serving his second term as sheriff. The event occurred in Independence; 
the lady's name, Anna Vansandt, a native of Missouri, a daughter of 
Elijah and Mary K. Vansandt. Mirs. Stone was a lady of many excel- 
lencies of character and on her death. May 16th, 1897, she was mourned 
by a large circle of friends throughout the county. She was the mother 
of five children, all of whom are living: Arthur F., Herbert G., Myrtle 
Moy, Roy M; and Edwin Earl. This latter son inherited the taste for 



304 mSTOKY OF MONTGOMERY COL'NTy, KANSAS. 

iiiilitiuy life fii.ni liis fiitliei- and is at i.rcsont a ineiiil>er of the T'. S. flav- 
ali-.v. 14tli Kcuiiiiciif. stationed at Foi-t (irant, Arizona. 

Foi-cctul. yet. withal, most kindly, shrewd in the nianagenient of his 
att'airs. yet <;enerous to a fault ; lieli)ful in his association with friends 
and neiohbors. <'ai)iai!i Stone merits the large measure of esteem in 
whieh he is held in ("aney and Moutgomerv eountv. 



ISAAC M. AK(;()— In the vicinity of Costello, lives some of the 
most enterjirisiiiii and industrious farmers of Montgomery county, among 
whom is the gentleman whose name heads this notice. He has been a 
resident of the county for nineteen years and he and his family are es- 
teemed for their many sjilcndid (|nalities and personal virtues. 

Isaac ^\. Arud dales his birth from the year 1854, in Champaign 
county, Illinois. His jiarents, David and Mary (Shreve) Argo, came to 
the town of Neodesha, Kansas, in 1872, near which place they preempted 
a claim and where they continued to reside until their death. 

Our subject was eighteen years of age when the family came to Kan- 
sas and he aided his i)aients in opening the farm until he jiassed his legal 
majority. Re then began life on his own account and, in 1891, started 
an establishment of his own. being joined in mairiage that year with Miss 
Jlay, daughter of James II. and Margaret (Weller) Ashbaugh. His wife's 
father was a native of Hardin county. Kentucky, where he was born in 
1817, the mother, also, being a native of the same county and state. 
They were early jiioneers of ^Montgomery county, Kansas, having settled 
here in ISOO, and preemjtted the farm where Mr. Argo now resides. Two 
of his daughters. Mary and Martha, also took and proved up a claim of a 
quarter section of land neai'by. Mr. Argo died in 18S2, and his wife pass- 
ed away in 1889, leaving six children: Mary I., now deceased; Martha 
A., who married Garland Watson and lives near Kansas City; Margaret, 
deceased; Victor, who lives in Colorado; Cenrge J., also of Colorado, 
married Fannie Ashbaugh. an 1 has a son, William; tlie youngest child 
was Mrs. Argo. 

To the home of Mr. and Mrs. Aigo linvc coir.e (wo children: Victor 
X.. born February 1. 1SS4, and David, wiio was born -Inly S.',. 1'.)(I2. In 
his social relations Mr. Argo is most happy, being a member of the Mod- 
ern Woodmen, and I'cady at all times to take part in any movement which 
has for its object the iniprovenieiit of society alioiit him. He is i:ot active 
in the matter of pojiiirs. biil is |)1(m><m1 in Miiipdii. ],\ bis vi>i, Die pl;it 
form of the Fopulist ]iariy. 



SAMCKL McMli;Tl{V-The subject of this sk< 
•lerk of :Monlgom(M-y county, and has been a factor 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 305 

fails for the i)ast eleven years. He is one of the great tliri>uf; of honor- 
able and creditable citizens who have been filling up Kansas from the 
"Hoosier State" since the war of the Rebellion and, himself, sought its 
borders in the year 1887. 

Mr. McMurtry was born in Hamilton county, Indiana, September 
10th. 1854:, and is* a sou of Ansel McMurtry. who died November 18th, 
IS.jl. the year of our subject's birth, at the age of thirty-two. The father 
was a native of Kentucky, where his parents established themselves on 
couiiug to the United States from the British Isles, just after the war 
of 1812. Samuel McMurtry, grandfather of our subject, was the pioneer 
ancestor above referred to, and was the head of the McMurtry family of 
this branch in America. About the year 1830, he accompanied several 
of his children into Hamilton county, Indiana, where he passed away at 
a ripe old age. Uv married Elsie Reid, a lady of Irish birth, and reared 
a large family of children. In business affairs he was a trader and 
farmer. 

Ansel McMurtry grew up in Indiana and there married Polly Burris. 
She was of English birth and was born February 8th, 1827. She still 
resides in Hamilton county and is the widow of Thomas Phillips. By her 
first marriage five children were born, of whom three survive, and seven 
children were born to her last marriage, only one of whom now lives. 
The McMurtry children a re : Mrs. Maria Wilson, of Arcadia, Indiana ; 
!Mrs. Rosa I'hillips, of Lawi'ence, Kansas ; Mrs. Sarah Scully, who died in 
Hamilton county, Indiana, in 1875; and Samuel, of this review. 

Orphaned at the age of two months, our subject never knew the guid- 
ance and protection of a father. The training of the farm and the rural 
school fell to his lot in boyhood and ho tiiiislied his education with gradu- 
ation from the Union High A<adciiiy. ar \\'csTtield, Indiana. He took 
up the study of law in Xoblcsvillc. Indiana, with the firm of Kane & Davis, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1879. after a due course of reading. But 
instead of engaging in the practice of law he took up the work of teach- 
ing school and followed it in his native state for ten years. 

In 1887, he came out to Kansas with the intention of teaching one 
year and then taking up the profession of law. An attractive offer was 
made him in Kinsley, where he located, to take charge of the city schools, 
and this caused him to deviate from his original plans, and he presided 
over the destinies of the schools of the county seat of Edwards county, as 
superintendent, for five years. The dejjressitm of the times brought busi- 
ness 1(1 such a low ebb in western Kansas that, in 1892. he decided to get 
nearer the center of population, and away from the region of the western 
plains. He chose Montgomery county for his field of labors and located in 
<■oft^^e^ville, where he became associate editor of the Coffeyville Journal, 
Jhen under the managenrent of the late Cai>t.I). S. Elliott. Soon after 



306 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY. KANSAS. 

Lis arrival lie was apjioiuted lity attorne.v of the thrifty town on the 
border, and performed his public duties iu connection with his newspa- 
per work for one year. For four years he occupied his position on the 
editorial staff of the Journal and then left it to engage in the real estate 
and insurance business in that city. In this line of activity he was en- 
gaged when nominated and elected, and finally installed, as county clerk, 
January 12th. 1003. 

Samuel McJIurtry was bnmj^lit nji a Republican. His father was a 
Whig, but his son's political training was left in the hands of others, and 
it was supplied by teachers of the Republican school. In early manhood 
he became a factor in local political affairs and his services have always 
been freely given to his i)arty. as a worker and a speaker. He was nomi- 
nated for county clerk, by acclamation, in 1809. but was defeated by only 
fifty-four votes, at a time when the Fusionists had (piite a substantial 
majority. In 1002. the Republican County Convention renewed its fealty 
to him and gave him another nomination by acclamation, with the result 
that he defeated his opponent at the polls by seven hundred and ninety- 
one votes. 

■\A'hile Mr. McMurtiy is an ardent advocate of Republican policies, 
and, of the cause of its <<nididates, yet he never fails to manifest a cour- 
teous and respectful attitude toward those of opposing beliefs and, as a 
coufsecjuence. his candidacy has drawn heavily from the forces of the 
Fusionists when he has been in a jwlitical race. 

December 28th, ISTC. ^Nlr. McMurtry married Miss Julia A. Ranimel. 
in Wcsttield, Indiana. Mrs. McMurtry is a daughter of Rev. Eli and 
Cassa (("ash) Rammel, and was born in Middletown, Henry county, In- 
diana. Her parents came to Kansas in 1879, lived on a fai-m near Coffey- 
ville and there died, the former October 2Gth, 1882, and tlie latter August 
10th, 1887. 

Eli Ranimel was a Methodist minister and was a member of the 
Noi'th Indiana Conference for forty years. By his marriage he was the 
father of ten children, five of whom are living. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. McMurtry are: Ansel E.. of Kansas 
City, Mo.; Elmer E. and Gertrude, living; while Vinita died in Coffey- 
ville, in 1808, at the age of sixteen years, and Sliarley and Carrie died at 
Kinsley, Kansas, in infancy. 

Mr. McMfurtry is a MJison, a Knight of Pythias, a Modern Woodman 
and a member of the Fraternal Aid Association. 



ALVIN J. INSCHO — Living on neighboring farms in Rutland town- 
ship are two old friends. William II. Sloan and Alvin J. Inscho. These 
two gentlemen are among the very earliest settlers of the county, having 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 307 

settled on their claims in Jnnc. 1S(;S. The years that have passed since 
that early day have been fnll of ihe multifarious duties of life; at first, the 
hard, grinding toil and discomforts of pioneer life, which gradually he- 
came softened by the comforts and luxuries of civilization. 

Authentic information concerning the early history of the Tnscho 
family is lacking. Mr. Inscho believes, however, that the name wa.s 
brought to this country prior to the Revolutionary war. Exact know- 
ledge locates his grandfather, Robert Inscho, in Virginia in the early 
part of the 19th centui-y, where he reared seven children, whose names 
were : Joseph. Robert, Henry, Nancy, Mary. Maria and John. The young- 
est of this family married Clara Foot, a native of New York state, and a 
daughter of Robert and Mary Foot, both natives of that state. The child 
ren of this marriage were : Ozias, Edwin, of Sterling. Kansas ; Perry and 
Alvin J. 

Alvin J. Inscho dates his birth in Huron county, Ohio, February 
Kith. 1844. He was reared to farm life and, while busily engaged in aiding 
his parents in the summer and securing an education in the winter, 
watched the gathering of the war cloud with absorbing interest. With 
liis heart throbbing in unison with the drum beats of the enrolling officer 
he, in July, 1SG2, enlisted in Wood county, Ohio — where his parents had 
removed when he was yet a child — in Company "A," 100th Ohio Vol. Inf., 
Col. Groom commanding. This regiment became a part of the Third 
Division. First Brigade — Gen. Gillmore in command — which was mobil- 
ized with the 23rd Army Corps. His first taste of "the realities" was at 
the siege of Knoxville, the initial action in a series of victories in 
which our subject subsequently shared. Some of the more important 
were: Resaca, Atlanta, then with Thomas to Tennessee — where he partici- 
pated at Columbia. Franklin and Nashville. Crossing the mountains, his 
company was "in"' at the Wilmington fight and then to Washington, I). 
C. where it swung into the grandest line of veterans ever marshalled in 
review. His muster out of service occurred July 3rd, 1865, in Cleveland, 
Ohio. 

Short periods at Toledo and Perrysburg. Ohio, and at Ann Arbor, 
Michigan, in which places he worked in drug stores, preceded his coming 
to St. Joe, Mo., in 1867, and in the summer of the following year he be- 
came a resident of Montgomery county, Kansas. Here he began life 
anew on a 160-acre tract which constitutes a part of the five hundred and 
forty acres which he now owns, in section 24-32-14. Reminiscences of those 
early times are of exceeding interest from the lips of Mr. Inscho. His 
knowledge of drugs enabled him to play the "medicine man'' with the In- 
dians to good advantage, so that he was not annoyed as much as other 
settleis. Too much cannot be said in commendation of the character al- 
ways sustained by Mr. Inscho. Suffice it to say that no citizen is more 



308 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

widely and favorably kuowii than lie. and the interest he takes in securing 
the best advantages in matters o1 education and good government, en- 
dears him to all. He is a uiemlM'r of the board of education and, in a 
patriotic way. holds memliersiii]. in the Grand Army of the Republic. 

In 1882. Mr. Insciio was liapjiily joined in marriage with 'Dora M. 
Turner, daughter of David and Louisa Turner, of Ohio. Mrs. Inscho is a 
lady of endearing (jualities, and a sjilendid mother to her five children, 
whose names are: r.essie. Clvdc I'.irdie. Fav and Frank. 



WILLIAM A. MEKKlLI^This gentleman is a prominent citizen 
and leading lawyer of the stirring little municipality of Caney, where he 
has, in the short space of four years, succeeded in winning the respect of 
the entire community and establishing a lucrative practice. Caney has 
no nuire indefatigable woiker for the advancement of her inter- 
ests than Mr. Merrill, and he has shown his faith in hci- future by invest- 
ing in one of the best residence properties in the city. 

William A. Merrill came to ("aney in 1898, from Warreiishuig. Mo., 
where he had been a jiroiiiinent and leading citizen for a nuiiibei- of ye:ns. 
He is a native of Johnson county, of that state, where he was born (ui the 
l,'2d of August, 18IJ1, the son of Leaven H. ^Merrill and his wife, formerly 
Husan F. tSmith. The father's nativity lay back in . the old State of 
M'aryland, from whence he removed with his parents to Missouri when a 
child. When he arrived at num's estate he chose the occupation of a 
farmer. In 18(J8, Leaven H. Merrill being a slaveholder and southern 
sympathizer, was forced to leave his family in M|issouri. He went as far 
south as Batesville, Arkansas. Instead of going into the regular army, 
he put out a crop, and. in the fall of that year, was killed by the "Moun- 
tain Browns," being shot from ambush. He left three children to be 
cared for by the wife and mother, who bravely took up the task. She 
lived to see them well educated men and honored citizens, before passing 
to her rest, at fifty-two years of age. The names of the other two chil- 
dren are: Josejih A. and Florence. Fbu-ence uurrried J. \V. I'.lackwell. 
and lives with her family near Chelsea, Indian Territory. 

William A. Merrill was the youngest of this family thus early de- 
])rived of a father's care. From earliest boyhood he was accustomed 
to the severest labor, but adversity taught him many valuable lessons, 
which have borne their fruil in making him a stalwart and independent 
soldier in the battle of life, lie was reared to farm work, but by dint 
of close ap|)licatioii was enabled to prepare himself for the teaching 
lirofessioii. He attended sessions of Central College at Fayette, Missouri, 
and. later, al the State Normal at Warrensburg. and for tirteen years was 
continuously engaged in the school room, establishing a reputation as an 
educator not surpassed in liiat section of the state. He then took u]) 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^, KANSAS. 309 

the siiidv (if huv. ;m(l. ill 18!>7, was adinitted to the bar in Warreiislmi'g. 
Tiie l'(.llu\\iiig \('ar he fame to Kansas, as hereinbefore sta<ed. 

Mr. ^Herriil was married on tiie .".tli day of March. 18S!», to Laura P. 
Keen, of .loluison county. Jlissonri, wiio now presides over liis home 
witli tliat dignified grace which denotes the true housewife. 

The political convictions of our subject lie in the line of Jeffersonian 
Democracy, though his rather retiring disposition precludes his taking 
little more than a voting i)art in matters of that kind. Socially, he is 
a popular member of the Masonic fraternity, being, at the present time, 
secretary of Lodge No. 324. He and his good wife are held in the high- 
est esteem bv the citizens of their adoiited city. 



\^' ILL I AM H. BRCNTON — Prominent as a contractor and builder 
of Elk City and junior member of the firm of Reed & Bruntou, William 
H. Urunton has been a citizen of Montgomery county since 1872. He 
was born in Missouri, February 21, 1862. His father, the venerable 
Thomas Brunton, who resides near Jefferson City, that state, was one of 
the early settlers of Louisburg township, where he took a claim as early 
as 1871. Some years later, he returned to Missouri, his native state, 
where he is retired fi'oni active life at about sixty-seven years old. 

Thomas Brunton married Lucinda Bagsley, an Indiana lady, and the 
first years of his active life wei-e passed as a carjienter builder. Toward 
the close of the war, he enlisted in the Twenty-third Missouri Infantry, 
and soldiered in the west in the Union army. In 1875, his wife died at 
thirtvflve years of age. leaving children: Mary, deceased; Phoebe, wife 
of John Heritage, of M,ontgomeiy county; William H., of Elk City; 
Clariuda, who married Philip Jones and resides in the state of Washing- 
ton; Cyrus A., of Montgomery ((uinty: and Lucinda, Mrs. Chas. Jones, 
of Washington. 

William H. Brunton acquired his education in the public schools of 
Montgomery county. Ou leaving school he learned the stonemason's 
trade and at this he worked several years, before taking uj) carpenter 
work. He has been a carpenter builder since 1885, and. in 1!MI3. formed a 
business alliance with his partner, Jft-. Reed. 

December 2.5. 1888. Mr. Brunton married Ethel Kelso, who was born 
in Logan county, Illinois, June 22. 1870. She is a daughter of William 
and Maggie (Doyle) Kelso, both deceased, who left five children, as fol- 
lows: Mrs. Brunton. Arthur, of Chicago. Illinois; Emma, now Mrs. Mor- 
ris O-sborne, of Montgomery county, Kansas; David, who died at twenty- 
one ;and Pearl, wife of Roy Bailey, of Burden, Kansas. After her hus- 
band's death, Mirs. Kelso married Joseph Goodwin and. at her death in 
1886, left a daughter, Maggie Goodwin. Mr. Kelso was a nier<hant in 



310 UISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY,, KANSAS. 

Corn Laud, llliiK.is, \v;is a jiislice of the i>t'arc there, and died at aboui 
thirty years ohl. 

Mr. and Mrs. Uniiitoirs family roiisists of: Kov \'iiiceu1, Fav, and 
Lela, deceased. 



AVILI>IAM i;. W(M»1>— .Itiiie L'S. ]S(iS, in Whitley .(umty. Kentueky, 
William I>. Wuud. of Kailand township, was l)orn. In infancy he was 
brought to Kansas by his parents, who settled in Montgomery county, 
where our subject was brought up and has since resided. The fact of 
their very early settlement here numbers the family among the pioneers 
of the county, and their entry of a tract of the public domain in section 
22, township 32, rauge 14, marks them as original settlers. 

William B. Wood was the son of Thomas F. Wood, of Tennessee 
birth, but of Kentucky growing-up. He was educated liberally for his day 
and entered ujton the serious duties of life as a teacher in the rural 
schools. AMieu he reached the frontier in Kansas he laid aside the ferule 
and devoted his time to industrial pursuits. He was variously employed, 
as a supplement to his meager earnings on a new farm, but teaming and 
freighting, and the like, constituted his chief occupation during the first 
years of his residence here. He was employed by Nopawalla's band to 
haul their effects off of the reservation to Chetopa and by this species of 
intercourse came to know the red man of this locality very well. Some 
of the lower bands of Indians ordered him out of the country and even 
tried to burn wliat scant improvements he had nuide, but Thomas F. 
Wood was from tlie wrong country to be scared away, and he remained. 

The first building to house the Woods was a cabin 10x12 feet, and 
the next one was of siuiilar construction but larger and more convenient, 
and in this did its owner live till his death in 1S77. His treatment of the 
Ked ^lan made warm friends of them, and in 187!), a band of five hundred 
of then) came to visit him and turned back sorrowfully wlien they learned 
he was dead. 

Jeriah Wood was the grandfather of William I!. "Wood. He was a 
nativ(> Teiinessccan and haij children: -lohii 1., \Mlson, Ambrose, Jo- 
sejih Mrs. Lucinda Hamond, of I'iue Knot, Kentucky; Jeptha, Mrs. 
Saial, Meadows, of .[ellico. Tennessee, and Thomas F. 

Thomas F. Wood married Eliza A. Morgan, a daughter of Griflin and 
Ann (Shepard) .Morgiin, of Whitley county, Kentucky. Two children, 
William 15. and John II.. of ^lontgomery county, Kansas, constitute the 
living issue of their marriage. During "the Elk* river flood of ISS.j. Mrs. 
Wood and a son, Thomas F., ten yearsOf age, were drowned on the Kith 
■of May. 

As a child. William I!. Woo(i's as.sociates were fre(iuently the Osage 



HISTORY OP MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 311 

Indian and his papoose. He almost lived at their camps and ate their 
buffalo meat and spoke their language and, even now, the dialect of the 
wild man lingers about his tongue. He was left without parental guid- 
ance at the age of firteen years, and saw the inside of the school room as 
a student, seldom, from thence forward. In 1891, he married Josephine L. 
Miller, an Ohio lady and a daughter of H. H. Miller. One child, Lelia, 
is the issue of this union. He occupies the family homestead of pioneer 
days, and is now replacing the burned dwelling erected by his father in 
that era. 



WILLIAM THOMAS Y(»K— William Thomas Yoe was born in Cal- 
vert county. JLiryland. March 2ti. 1845, and reared in a christian home. 
His parents were Walter and Elizabeth (Harris) Yoe, native Maryland 
and Virginia people. In 1848, the parents left their old home and estab- 
lished themselves among the pioneers at Rushville, Illinois. The father 
was 1 carpenter and pursued the arts of peace and won the affection and 
regard of the community. To the three sons, W. T., Charles and Frank 
F., the parents left the heritage of a good name and an inspiration to 
righteous and useful lives. 

Thomas Yoe, as our subject is universally known, passed his child- 
hood and youth about Rushville, Illinois, where he had some acquaintance 
with the common schools. His education assumed a practical turn from 
the age of thirteen years, when he went into a print shop, from which, 
as a business, he has never been separated. Toward the end of the Civil 
War he enlisted in Company "K," One Hundred and Thirty-seventh Il- 
linois infantry, and saw service at Memi)his, Tennessee. 

After the war he located at Shelbyville, M^issouri, where, for a short 
time, he was a hardware merchant, and then at Shelbina, where he be- 
came associated with Col. A. M. York in the publication of a Republican 
newspaper. After nearly five years, he decided to exert his energies 
among the people of the progressive frontier State of Kansas. 

In the winter of 1870, he founded, with others, the South Kansas 
Tribune, and, in February following, brought the plant to Kansas and 
established it in the new town of Independence, in Montgomery county. 
L. U. Humphrey, afterward governor of Kansas, was associated with the 
new paper, on its editorial staff. The proprietorship of the "Tribune" 
came, later, into the hands of W. T. and Chas. Y'oe, where, with a single 
exception, it has since remained. 

Mr. Yoe has been a part of >k)ntgomery county nearly a third of a 
century and has shared in its development work, both rural and urban. 
Little that has been of general interest to the county has not known hifj 
hand, or felt the influence of his voice or pen ; and the confidence he thus 



312 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KAXfi.VS. 

iiis|piic(l wjirninled the conferring of i)ul)lic liniiois mid the bcslowal 
upon him of public trusts. The jiructical ch;iracter of liis views, his ma- 
ture juilgnieiit and the evident sincerity of his purp(tse are traits which 
have commended liim tiiroujjh life and marked him as one of the promi- 
nent citizens of his city and county. He has been at the head of his news- 
l)aper since its estalilisliment and his personal standing has given it 
weight and jxiwer. He has hel]ied make governors and other state oflBcers 
and furnished ellective advice in the disirilmtion of local oflices which 
■showed abundant wisdom and brought a stiong ciuicnt of jiublic senti- 
ment to his party's ap])roval. 

Ak an ai)pointee to juiblic ottice. Mr. Yoe has rendered his chief pub- 
lic service. I'resident Arthur appointed him jiostmaster of Independ- 
•euce and he served three years but resigned upon the election of Mr. 
-Clleveland. (Jovernor Humphrey appointed him secretary of the State 
Board of Charities, where he remained three years, and (ioveruor Stan- 
ley made him a member of the Board of Regents of the State Agricultural 
Coll'ge. As a Kei)ublican he has occupied a high position in party 
councils. He has a single standard of honesty and ai)plies it In business, 
religion and politics, alike. He is an active and leading member of the 
Methodist congregation in Independence, and the influence of his life is 
41 potent one in the spiritual and material affairs of the church. 

In 1S7(», in Shelbina. Missouri. Mr. Yoe married Jennie E. Weather- 
by. The issue of this union are: Harriet E, a teacher in the Deaf and 
Dunil) Institution of Kansas; Roy W., a farmer, of Tyro, Montgomery 
■county; Edna Mu.\. assistant in the Indejiendence jpostofHce; Earl A., a 
jirinter in the Tribune oflicc; and Ruth, ^^'arl■en and (ieorge. 



j:I»WAR1) I'AVSOX ALLEX— The First ^■ati<mal Bank, of Inde- 
])endence, is fortunate in having for its executive head, a man of such 
wide and varied ex])erience, of such unerring judgment and a gentleman 
of such popular personal ti'aits as he whose name introduces this per- 
sonal revie\\-. He came to Montgomery county almost with the earliest, 
and embodies, in his career as a citizen here, experience as a farmer, mer- 
chant, jtublic olKcial and tinancier, all of which stations he has hon- 
oi-ed and in all of which has he displayed a natural ajilitude and adapta- 
tion, jiassing from one to another as a reward of industry and indicating 
the favor and contidencc of his fellow citizens. 

A\'ithout the ]iale of the jiioneers it excites a riiiple of merriment to 
state that i;. I'. Allen was once a farmer. His training for years has been 
so foreign to the calling Ihat lie has lost even the most familiar and com- 
mon atlribnlcs of (he rural business man. yet lie was once a farmer in 




E. P. ALLEN. 



IIISTOKY OF MONTliOMEUY COUNTV, KANSAS. 315 

towiisliiii :■.:!. v:\\\«e 1(5. where the primitive c-ottage he erected still stands 
and wli.Mv ihi' recollections of poverty still linger. Men who came to 
Kansas as pioneers, capitalized chiefly by the fruits of their daily toil, 
and niideitook to maintain their families from the i)rofits of a new farm, 
had disapiiointnients and hitter experiences, alike, and if they plowed 
Willi a mixed team and. in tlieir straits, went barefoot, it was forced econ- 
omv dial caused it. and was an o))en concession to poverty. Mr. Allen 
jiassed ilironiih it all and the tires of adversity only served to harden the 
metal that was in him. and better eqni]) him for the contest with less 
formidable obstacles. 

The vear 1S73. witnessed the close of Mr. Allen's career as a farmer. 
That year he brought the proceeds of the sale of his heartaches and 
memories of disappointments down on Clear creek into Independence and 
became a merchant. In this, too. his experience led him into the most 
humble service— most honorable though it was— and on any frequented 
street corner of Independence today can be found men who have seen 
••Ed" Allen driving his delivery wagon. At whatever employment, he 
"followed his trade well" and became absolute master of the situatiou 
and of himself. Four years of merchandising brought him to the next 
step in advance and he carried his poi)ularity into public office. He did 
the work of the recorder's office almost alone for six years, and when he 
emerged from it. haggard and nearly worn out, he established himself 
ill the iiisnraiice and brokerage business, where the initial chapter of his 
financial hisioiy was written. F.ecoming a director of the First National 
I'.ank. in INS."), he became interested in its success aud drifted toward 
financiering with such a pace that the next year he was elected president 
of the safe, and most conservative, institution of its kind in the county 
seat. Reserving further mention of his business connections till his na- 
tvity aud family geneology have appeared, we digress and take up the 
family thread. 

Edward P. Allen was born in Green county, Kentucky, .January 3. 
1843. He was a son of a lawyer, William B. Allen, who was born in the 
same county and state in 1S(I3. The father passed his life in Greensburg, 
Kentucky, was a graduate of Nashville, Tennessee, seminary, and of a law 
school, and practiced his profession successfully all his life. He was a 
Royal Arch Mason and was once the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of 
Kentucky. His father, David Allen, and the grandfather of our subject, 
was born in Rockbridge county. Virginia. October 16. 1773, came to 
Kentucky with his father about i7s:{ and served with the Kentucky troops 
in the war of 1812. dying in Green .ounty in 1816. David Allen's 
father and oldest paternal uncle were Revolutionary soldiers, and he and 
three brothers migrated from the "Old Dominion"' about the close of that 
struggle, and their bones mingle with the dust of the iState of Daniel 



314 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Uoonc. Tlii'sc Aliens caiiie orisiiiiilly froni the North of Iiehuul aud 
settleri in Roekbridge county, Virginia, about 1030. 

William B. Allen married Huldah Wilcox, whose Puritan ancestors 
came to America in the seventeenth century and settled, of course, in 
New England. Huldah Allen was born in Connecticut of "Bay State" 
parents and was a daughter of Eli Wilcox. Seven childi-en were born to 
lier and her husband, as follows: Martha, deceased; Jennie, deceased; 
the latter the wife of A. B. Nibbs, of Houston, Texas; Harriet B., de- 
ceased wife of John Cunningham, of Coles county, Illinois; Edward P., 
our subject; Mary, deceased, married William Hunter, of Houston, Tex- 
as; and Ella M., widow of George W. Reed, of Coles county, Illinois. 

E. P. Allen acquired a liberal education in the schools of Greens- 
burg, Kentucky. In 18G1, he enlisted in the Thirteenth Kentucky Infant- 
ry, Company "E," as first sergeant, under Colonel Hobson. The regiment 
saw its first service in Kentucky and was in battle at Mill Springs, 
was at Shiloh. Perryville, Stone River and in minor engagements and 
skirmishes. Mr. Allen was promoted in three months to be a lieutenant, 
and was discharged as such in Louisville, Kentucky, at the expiration of 
three years. 

The mercantile business attracted Mr. Allen immediately after his 
release from the army and he engaged in it at ilattoon, Illinois. He re- 
mained there till ISO", when he returned to his native town and opened 
a store, continuing business there for two years, when he again sought 
Coles county, Illinois, and resided, and was in business, in Mattoon, till 
thefall of 1S70, when he started overland on his journey to Kansas, arriv- 
ing in Jlontgomery county, October IC, of that year. 

Everything was "out of doors" in Montgomery county at that early 
time and there seemed nothing to do but to farm. While the prospect was 
not the most exhilarating, our new-comer had no intention of turning his 
back on it, and he took uj) his sand-hill "claim" on Clear creek, as noted 
elsewhere in this article. Two years a farmer aud four years a merchant, 
brings us to the autumn of 1877, when he was elected register of deeds 
of the county. His election was a special compliment to him. for it was 
accomplished in the faceof great political odds, his jiarty, the Democratic, 
being several hundred votes in the minority. He was reelected in 1879, 
serving with great efficiency and justifying in every way the confidence 
his Ih'Hiocratic and Republican friends reposed in him. From 1884 to 
1880, his all(Mitioii was given to the insurance, loan and real estate busi- 
ness, his offi((> JK'ing at the cornei- of Main and Sixth streets. His pe- 
cuuiar\ resources at this time were assuming respectable proportions and 
• of handling them revealed his financial ability. He became 
nd then a friend, of the First National Bank of' Independence, 
•kholdcrs made him a director in 188."). In 1880, the then cash- 
)ank sold his interest to Mr. Allen, the management reorgan- 



his 


njannei 


a pi 


ition, a 


and 


its sto 


ier 


of the 1 



HISTORY OP MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 3I5 

izcd autl he was cliosoii jn'osident. He has sucoeeded himself in that office 
fopsixteen years, and, with his able assistants, has made it an institution 
as safe and enduring as time Itself. 

May 2, 1865, in Coles county, Illinois, Mr. Allen married Mary F. 
Vansant, a daughter of Isaiah Vansant, of Fleming county, Kentucky. 
Mrs. Allen was born August 27, 1840. and is the mother of: Mattie N., wife 
of James F. Blackledge, of Caney, Kansas; Edith, Lillian and Annie. The 
family are members of the Independence Presbyterian church and are 
highly and most honorably connected in their social ties. 

I\lr. Allen was made a Mason in 1864. He has taken the Blue Lodge, 
Chapter and Knight Templar degrees and in his life exemplifies the prin- 
ciples of the order. He is a Kentucky Democrat and is as loyal to his 
partv tenets as he is to the rules wJiich govei'n his moral and exemplary- 
life. 



JACOB SICKS— The generations of the future who inhabit Mont- 
gomery county will wish to know something of the people who snatched 
this municipality from nature's embrace, and wielded the brush with 
which its surface has beeu adorned with landscape and garden and 
beautiful homes. They will expect to find, for their information, a record 
of the characters who have been conspicuous jjlayers in the drama of 
civil and municipal affairs while the county was being launched and 
started on its voyage through time. By a knowledge of their forefathers, 
they may be able to explain some otherwise mysterious phenomena of 
their posterity aud thus intelligently account for things done or not 
done. It is important then, as well as in good taste, to preserve, with 
other civil records of the county, the life work of its worthy pioneers, as 
gleaned at first hand from the very actors themselves. 

In the subject of this article, we have presented for review a settler' 
whose coming into the county was from the very first, whose connection 
with its history has been modest yet energetic and whose chai-acter as a 
citizen and a man has wielded an influence potent for good in the younger 
generations of his race. 

In October, 1869, Jacob Sicks came into Montgomery county, Kan- 
sas. It was on the 18th of that month that he drove on to the side-hill 
on the southwest quarter of section 4, township 33, range 15, and thereby 
did the initial act toward making that spot of ground his permanent 
and future home. While he was complying with the formalities of the 
law ill the matter of a homestead, a little log cabin, 14x14 in dimensions, 
grewout of this side-hill as if by magic, and the first family in that neigh- 
borhood was soon housed without either door or floor. It is nearly 
thirty-four years now since that eventful day on which one of 
the most attractive and fertile farms in the countv was born. Bv the 



3l6 HISTORV OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

industry of man has wild nature departed and by the toil of his household 
has Jacob Sicks become the owner of an estate which provides him and 
his with all the comforts and some of the luxuries of life. 

From the advent of the lirst white man to the departure of the Ind- 
ian, Montj;oniery county was on the frontier. Its few settlers were har- 
rasscd and iiclaitored by liun<;ry Red Men from the bands of Big Hill Joe, 
Chetoi)a. Strike Axe and Ulack J>og, all of which chiefs had camps some- 
where in the county. In 187(1, the government treated with the red man 
for his title to "The Diminished Rserve" and he was removed to his new 
country — "The Osage Country — " just south of the Kansas line. The 
aborigines gone, Montgomery county seemed to acquire civilization by 
leaps and bounds and the old landmarks of the county felt very much 
penned up, so rapidly did settlers tlock in and take possession of the un- 
claimed lands. While Mr. Sicks adjusted himself to the frontier condi- 
tions of the sixties, was satisfied with his lot and content with the honor 
of being a pioneer, he was nevertheless pleased with the advent of neigh- 
bors and extended to them a helping and friendly hand. He was poor 
himself, when he unloaded his goods at the door of his log cabin home in 
1869, but '"the wolf was kept away" while his family was growing up and 
increased jirosperity came to him yearly until he felt warranted in retir- 
ing from active farm woik. 

Jacob Sicks was born in lioone county. Indiana, November 2, 18-37. 
His father, Pliili]) Sicks, settled there two years before, and was a resi- 
dent of the county till 1888, dying at the age of eighty-three years, 
Philip Sicks was a native of Nicholas county, Kentucky, and was a son of 
Jacob Sicks who was killed by a corn thief at middle life and left two 
sons and a daughter, namely: John. Philip and Rebecca; the last named 
becoming the wife of William Peckner and j>assing her life in Rush 
connt\. Indiana. PIiili|) Sicks mairicd Nancy Slain, the issue of the 
union being ten children, as folhiws: Sarah J., who married James Cun- 
uiugham; Mai'v, wiiV ot James Siddons; IMahala. who became Mrs. 
George Cross; Francis M.. who took to wife Margaret Siddons; Thomas 
O., whose wife was Susan I'^lder; Jacob, our subject; Lucinda, who mar- 
ried Samuel Jones; John N., who married, first. Nancy J. Davis and. after- 
ward, married Mrs. Siddons; and Amanda, wife of (ieniuc I'.eadles. The 
motlu !■ of tiiese children died in 181S. 

Jacob Sick's yoMlhtiil advantages were exceedingly limited. His 
ediic.iiioii was, ot necessity, neglected and he grew uji in the timbered 
couiitiy of the 'ilodsier Sta(<>" a JTisty, indiistrious honest but un- 
learned yoiilli. Nature always comes to the relief of the less fortunate 
of hei- kind and she endowed our subject with commendable auxiliaries 
toward surmounting obstacles through life. He was converted in youth 

come to him along life's p.-ilhway to not only enal.le him to live I'iglit but 



HISTORY or- MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 317 

to accoiiiiilisli a niodcst but good work for the Master. Twice he felt 
vailed to tlie ministry l))it eai-h time he resisted through fear of weakness 
and inal)iiity to aciiieve results, hut the third time he yielded to the de- 
mands (if the Sjiirit and lias for fifteen years done an irregular and sup- 
jilenientary work in the puliiit of the ("hristian denomination. 

November 4, ISHS, Mr. Sicks was united in marriage with Sarah F. 
rtterback, a daughter of Henry I'tterback. of Kentucky. Mrs. Sicks was 
born in Putnam county, Indiana. November 28, 1840, and is the mother 
of (he following sons and daughters: Mary E., deceased, nuirried N. 
Londry and left three children; Mari.i M., of Mound Ridge, Kansas, is 
the wife of John Edington ; Philip, of lola, Kansas, is married to Mary 
Christy; Thomas, of lola, Kansas, married Dora Bordenhammer, de- 
ceased; Emma, wife of Ed Main, of Montgomery county, Kan.sas; John, 
of Independence, is married to Ella Barlow; Lizzie, deceased, married 
Ed Adams, who is now the husband of her sister, Annie; Vernelia, wife 
of Thomas McMahan; George, of the old homestead, is married to Laura 
Moore; Mittie, who died at fifteen years; and Charles, the only child left 
under the parental roof. 

Mr. Sick's disposition and inclination have not led him to figure 
much in the public affairs of Montgomery county. He is a Democrat of 
the ancient school and has manifested a strictly conservative attitude 
toward all movements looking to a striking innovation or serious depart- 
ure from the old regime. By this attitude some would infer that he op- 
jposed public progress and is against new ideas, but it is purely from his 
desire to occupy a position not too far in adance of the old way that he 
takes this stand. With his neighbors and friends he is cordial and oblig- 
ing and exercises a practical charity wherever the circumstances war- 
rant. He is fond of his family and has reared them in the fear of God 
and to become honorable men and women. In his declining years he is 
in the enjoyment of some of the practical blessings and luxuries of life. 
Natural gas and the daily delivery of mail at his own door lead him to 
])raise the achievements of modern progress. A moment's reflection lo- 
cates him, with meager means and a small family, on the bleak prairio 
with a temporary shelter in 1869, and. thirty-four years later, in the full- 
ness of years and with family grown up and scattered, we see him pro- 
vided with a comfortable home, overlooking a splendid farm, and made 
comfortable by the reward of toil, and with the fondest wish at his fin- 
ger tips. 



WILLIAM COTTON— Near the rural village of Costello, resides one 
of the leading farmers of Montgomery county, ^Mlliam Cotton. He is 
a native of the "Blue Grass State" where, in 1832, he began life in Madi- 
son county. His father, Thomas Cotton, was a son of Charles Cotton who 



3lS HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

caiiio from Viij;inia and was one of those sturdy pioneers who redeenieil 
the wilds of Keutucky for civilization. The mother of o\ir subject was 
Paulina Braudus. of one of the early pioneer families of Kentucky, who 
came into that state from North Carolina. 

AVilliani Cotton is one of a family of six children, of whom four are 
now liviuji, viz : James, who resides in Missouri ; Elizabeth and Lucinda 
are deceased; Mary, the wife of John Graves, resides in Illinois; Belle 
is living in Indiana, the wife of Squire Tatum. The parents of this fam- 
ilv removed from Kentucky to Indiana where William was reared to farm 
life. 

Vt twenty years of a^c, uur subject married Ann. daughter of Dr. 
Travis ^1<-Miliaii. of Cina'i-d roumy. Kentucky. Tu them have been born: 
Bettie, wife of John Di-yltread. a fai'mer of Louisburg township; Clar- 
ence, who married Catherine Hand, who died leaving five children, viz : 
John. Emnm. I'rentice. William and Clara. Prentice, the third child of 
William Cotton, resides in California with his wife, nee Juliet Stewart; 
John ;M.. a bank clerk residing in Elk City, married Mamie, daughter of 
John Castillo, of Louisbnig township; his two children are Clyde and 
Cornelia. 

The coming of 'Williain Cotton to M(uitgomei-y county in ISS."). con- 
stituted a distinct gain lo the jiopulation of the county, as his citizenship 
since then has been such as to deserve the plaudits of all worthy members 
of society. In political att'airs. he supports the principles of Lincoln and 
McKinley, and he and his family are active members of the Christian 
church. They are held in great respect in the neighborhood in which they 
have passed the years since their coming to the county, and are deserv- 
ing of mention in a volume devoted to ]Siontgomerv's best citizens. 



JOHN C. 1' ACE— One of the well known of the later settlers of 
Jlontgomery county is John C. Page, of Independence township, whose 
lot was cast here in Ajiril. 1883. He purchased eighty acres in section 
fi. tov.iiship 3;?, range 10. known as the Wiley Wise farm. He came here 
from Crawford county. Illinois, where he was born on the 17th of Decem- 
ber. 1824. His was one of the old families of the "Prairie State." his 
father having migrated thereto in 1818. the year of the admission of the 
state into tlie union. Jesse I'age. father of our subject, emigrated from 
Virginia to the new sate on the prairie. He was born in the "Old Domin- 
ion State" in 1777 and came to manhood there. He was a son of Robert 
Page whose three sons, David. Joel and Jesse, settled in Illinois. Jesse 
Page sjient his life as a tiller of the soil and in 18.54 he married Polly Ar- 
nold who lived to the age of eighty years. Illinois was not yet rid of its 
Indian population when the Pages settled there and for some years af- 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY;, KANSAS. 3I9 

terwiivd thoy roamed at will about the homes of the new settlers. It was 
the Miami tribe that our subject remembers distinctly as being and af- 
tiliatinf,' with the pioneers of Crawford county. Jesse Page's children 
were: k(il)ert A., who died in Oregon: r.enjamin, who died in Illinois; 
Hache'. of Flat Rock. Illinois, married Samuel Stark: John C. Pinnin- 
nah, of Marlinsville. Illinois, is the wife of William Patterson; James, 
•who died at Hebron. Illinois; and two died young. 

John C. Page passed his childhood and youth amid surroundings 
very primitive and rude. The country schools of his day afforded him his 
elementary education and at twenty years old he spent a year in the city 
schools of Terre Haute, Indiana. He became a teacher at the conclusion 
of this school year and was engaged actively and successfully in the 
work for a jieriod of seven years. He became a farmer about this time, 
in a small way. and began the im]irovemeut of a new farm. His record 
as a teacher induced his political friends to make him a candidate for the 
office of county superintendent and to this he was elected in 1860. He 
filled the position so satisfactorily that he was reelected in two years for 
a second term. At the close of his public service he engaged in other bus- 
iness but was called to serve in another official capacity in 1866 by his 
election to the office of county treasurer in which he also served four 
years. Going out of office in 1870, he took i\\> farming and never after- 
ward tilled an office of such responsibility. He continued his efforts at 
farming till 1883, when he disposed of his interests in Illinois and came 
to ^lontgomery county, Kansas. 

In January. IS.jl. 'Slv. Page married Fidelia Newlin, a daughter of 
Nathaniel Newlin and Elizabeth, his wife. The Xewlins came to Illinois 
from North Carolina about 1816 and were a large and numerous family. 
Of this marriage. Mr. Page is the father of: Harry, of El Paso. Texas; 
Genevra, wife of John Ferguson, died at Emporia, Kansas, leaving three 
children ; Eulalia. deceased wife of George Higgins, died at Neodesha, 
Kansas, in 1887; and Chester, of Paris, Texas. Fidelia Page died in 
186:1, and the next year Mr. Page married Phebe Meeker, who bore him : 
Belle, wife of James Doily, of Mjiyfield, Kansas; Emma, a teacher of 
Cripple Creek, Colorado, was educated in Marshall, Illinois and is single; 
Olive, of Ft. Worth. Texas, is the wife of E. ('. Cochrain. editor of one 
of the Ft. Worth jiapers. Mr. Page was married a third time. February 
17. 187.J. to Mary Smith, a daughter of A. J. and Elizabeth Smith, of 
Johnson county, Indiana, where Mrs. Page was born September 18, 1845. 
A. J. Smith was born in New Jersey and his wife, nee Elizabeth Darrell, 
was born in Indiana. Mr. Smith died in 1897, in Johnson county, Indi- 
ana, at the age of seventy-three. His children were : Mrs. Page. Ursula, 
deceased wife of James Balser; Sarah, who nmrried Wallace Bears and 
resides in ^^'hiteland, Indiana; and Martha, now Mrs. George Darrell, 
of Johnson county, Indiana. Mr. Page and his present wife are the par- 



320 inSTOKY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

eiits of oue fliild. ;i xnn. Mnnf<ii<l. who nianied Rose Carle and has a- 
son, Alfred C. 

The politital liisKny <it (lie I'ajics is told in the one word — Democ- 
racy. Our subject was elected to iiublic ottice as such in Illinois and he 
has aftiliated with the same j»arty in Kansas. He was prominent in the 
Farmers' Alliance in ^lontgomerv county and suj)ported heartily, fusion, 
as ojijiosed to the dominant jiarty. and is in harmony witli the I'.ryan 
idea as e.xpressed at Kansas City. 



JAMES HAMILTON STKWAKT— The late subject of this review 
was one of the substantial, worthy and honored citizens of Indejiendence 
townslii]!. Montgomery county. He became identified with its affairs as 
a farmer on his entrance to the county in 188I5 and from thence forward 
to his sudden takini;-otf won the regard of his fellow townsmen. 

Mr. Stewart settled on section 23. township :{3, range 15, in which 
he owned one hundred an<l sixty acres, well improved, well tilled and 
jirolitable. When he took jiossession of it a small stone house, a shed for 
stork and some jdowed land were the extent of it improvements. Being 
from I'ennsylvania, from which state come nothing less than efficient 
men. he was possessed of the iijans for a pattern farm and the industry to 
carry them out. General farming occupied his attention and his prosper- 
ity showed itself in the ever-advancing condition of his premises. He 
was no less worthy as a citizen than as a farmer. He believed in and 
practiced the golden rule. Kight was always might with him and it won 
him ^lie universal regard of his neighbors. He was a man of conviction 
and when he took a ]iosition it took evidence to remove him. His preju- 
dice in favor of some family custom may have given rise to some friendly 
criticism of him but his heart was right and he never intentionally gave 
l)ersonal offense. He had a firm lielief in the reward after death and the 
teachings of the Holy Word served to guide him in his daily walk. He 
was a member of the .Tcffcisoii rongrcgation of the Methodist church and 
when he died. Novemiier S, 1S!I7. one of its substantial su])ports was 
taken away. 

In ^Vashington county, IVniisyhaiiia, Mr. Stewart was reared but 
his birtii occurred near Hethany. West Virginia, on the 24th of January, 
1S41. He was a son of a farmer. -lames H. Stewart. His mother was 
Sarah Balwin. a daughter of Levi Baldwin, a blacksmith who had the 
<listinction ()f once having shod tlie horse of (ieneral Washington, as that 
officer was passing through Pennsylvania, ^^■llen Mr. Stewart was five 
years old his fathei' died and his mother then took her family to Washing- 
ton county. Pennsylvania, where she remained till her death in 1894. Her 
children were: .lames II., of this notice; Thomas, of Pittsburg, Pennsyl- 



UISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 321 

vaniii: ICliziibeth J., widow of Robert Sweeny, of Wheeling, West Virgin- 
ia; Williani.of Chattanooga, Tennessee; Annie, wife of Jacob Laughman, 
defeased, of Washington county, Pennsylvania. 

James H. Stewart acquired a country school education, oi% perhaps, 
better, a coiumon school one, and learned his trade before the war came 
on. He enlisted for that struggle in 18G1, in Company "C," Twenty-sec- 
ond Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry. He served with the Army of the 
Potomac ill the Shenandoah Valley and his regiment formed a part of 
Sheridan's cavalry. He took part in Hunter's Raid and the Battle of 
Cedar Creek and remained in the service until the war was over. Return- 
ing to civil life he resumed his trade which he followed till he started to 
Kansas. 

December liO, 1800, Mr. Stewart married Elizabeth R. Deltes. a 
daughter of John Deltes and Margaret Geyer, husband and wife, both of 
German birth. Mr. Deltes died in Baltimore. Maryland, in 1885, and his 
wife preceded him two years. Their native province was Wittenburg. 
Their children were: Amelia, married Charles Schmidt and died in Wash- 
ington county, Pennsylvania, in 1892; Rosa, who died in Chicago in 1896, 
was the wife of Charles Leonheaus; Mary, of Baltimore, Maryland, is 
the wife of James Bamber; Catherine, of the same city, is now Mrs. 
Bishop Carnan; Maggie, single and residing in Baltimore; John, of 
Pittsburg. Pennsvlvauia; and ;Mrs. Stewart, who was born April 17, 
1847. 

The children vi Mr. and Mrs. Stewart are: William H., of Niotaze, 
Kansas; James H., of Cherryvale; George W., of Independence; Mary 
E., Charles S., Samuel H., Estella O. and Lulu E., all at home except 
Samuel, who resides in Kansas City. 

Mr. Stewart took a warm and patriotic interest in county politics. 
He was a Republican and was often a delegate to party conventions. He 
was a member of the Grand Army and interested himself generally in 
whatever seemed for the upbuilding and welfare of his county. He con- 
tracted rheumatism while in the army and was afflicted all his remain- 
ing years, this being the prime cause of his sudden demise. 



ANI>REW J. COLLINS — One of the early settlers and prosperous 
farmers of Montgomery county is the subject of this personal sketch. He 
came to the county in 1877 and jjurchased a farm on the "Tenth street 
road" which he occupied some six years and then purchased a new and 
unimproved quarter of prairie land in section 21, township 30, range 15, 
which he occupied and went through the formula of bringing under 
subjection, as settlers were wont in pioneer days. As he prospered he 
added another eighty acres to his already half section and now he owns 



322 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

five eighties, or four hundred acres, the majority of which represents the 
accumulations accruing to him and his industrious family in the quarter 
of a century they have spent in Kansas. 

]Mr. Collins has been and is a farmer, pure and simple. The grow- 
ing of gi-ain and the handling of stock in a modest way are the important 
things with which he has had to deal and, on the whole, he has achieved 
a degree of the thrift which only determination and perseverance can 
win. 

County Meath, Ireland, was the birthplace of Andrew J. Collins. 
His natal day and year was April 17, ISoD, and his jtareuts were Daniel 
and Mary (O'Brien) Collins, who brought their family to the United 
States in 1849 and landed at Castle Garden in New York. Princeton, 
New Jersey, was their objective point and there the younger generation 
grew up. They had a family of fifteen children, all told, but those now 
living are: Matthew, of Boboken, New Jer.sey; Andrew J., of this notice; 
Michael, Daniel, and Catherine, who married Patrick Campbell JUid re- 
sides in New Jersey. 

Andrew J. Collins acrpiired only a limited education in the inferior 
schools of his time and place and at the age of twenty-two he married 
and settled down to the toil of the farm. In 186(5, he migrated to Illi- 
nois and stopped in Sangamon county, where he resumed farming and 
followed it until his removal to Kansas. 

In April, ISIU. occurred the wedding of Mr. Collins to Ann Clark, 
a lady of Irish birth and a daughter of Owen (Jlark, of County Cavan. 
Mrs. Collins died in Montgomery county December 8, 1898, and was the 
mother of Thomas and John, of the family homestead; Andrew, de 
ceased; Willie, Laura, widow of Henry Mollidor; and Sarah, wife of 
Herbert Hill, of Independence. 

Mr. Collins is a Democrat and has been road overseer of his road 
distric t for twentv-flve vears. 



MARY A. KEESLER— Since the year 1872, the subject of this bi- 
ographical review has been a resident of Montgomery county. She accom- 
panied her husband to the county two years previous and their settlement 
was made near Havana, but this settlement proved to be little more than 
temporary and in 1873, they came into Cherry township where Mrs. 
Keesler has since lived and where her husband passed away. 

The Keeslejs are among the well known and honorable citizens of 
their township. The heads of the family were eastern people — the Kees- 
lers being original New York settlers — and the Snyders and the Riggles, 
ancestors of Mrs. Keesler, from the "Keystone" and "Buckeye" States. 

Mary A. Keesler was born in Washington county, Pennsylvania, Oc- 




HARVEY KEESLER (Deceased). 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 323 

tober 5, 1833. Her father, Jiuob .Suyder, was born in Adams couuty. that 
state, and her mother. Margaret Riggle, was a native of the same county 
with our subject. Jacob Snyder was, early in life, a mason but, later, 
becante a farmer and, in 1839, moved his family to Ohio from whence, ia 
1848. he immigrated to Allen county, Indiana, where he died in 1871, at 
sixty-three years of age; his wife dying the year previous at fifty-six years 
old. The eight children composing their family were: Mary A., George 
R., Elizabeth, Melissa, Jacob M., Williain. F.liza and Emma. 

Mary A. was the first born of the Snyder children and came to wo- 
manhood on her father's farm in Indiana. She tvas married January 
30, 18.^5, to H.arvey Keesler, born in Vermillion county, Ohio, March 20, 
1831. Mr. Keesler was a son of John and Susan (Ewing) Keesler, both 
of New York birth. These pioneer i)arents migrated to Ohio in an early 
day r.ud settled in the wooded portion of the state, where they brougtit 
op a family of eight children and died. These children were: Harvey, 
Lucy, Charles, Martin, Mary, George, Frank and William. 

Harvey Keesler was the oldest child of his parents and his youth, 
like that of his wife, was passed upon the farm. He took up the occupa- 
tion ol his fathers in the county where be met and married his wife and 
was, for some time, a tenant on a rented farm. They purchased their 
first homestead in the green woods of Indiana, where their beginning in 
life was most primitive indeed. Prior to his marriage, Mr. Keesler had 
followed the canal as a boatman on the Erie canal but seemed ready te 
exchange this life for one, with a life companion, in the beech timber of 
♦he "Iloosier State.'' His tenure of the farm was undisturbed until Jan- 
uary 3. 18G4, when he joined Company "H," Thirtieth Indiana Volunteer 
Infantry, in which command he served till the close of the Civil war. He 
took part in the famous March to the Sea and the Atlanta campaign and 
was wounded near Kesaca. Georgia, in the left hand, the ball renuiining 
where it lodged for twenty-two day.s, thus crippling Mr. Keesler for life. 
He left the hospital to rejoin his regiment before he was fully recovered 
but was prevented by the heavy fighting then going on in front and, 
having taken down with a fever, was furloughed home. Becoming again 
able for duty, he reported at Covington, Kentucky, was sent to 
Evansville, Indiana, and there remained until the surrender of Lee's 
army. June 1, 180.'), he was disiharged and he soon rejoined his family 
on his little farm. 

For seven years Mr. Keesler continued to reside in Indiana, and 
when he departed from the state to become a citizen of the Kansas prai- 
ries he brought a limited supply of money with him. When he settled in 
Cherry township he purchased a farm of one hundred and forty-nine 
acres north of Cherryvale, which he occujiied and improved for eighteen 
years and then exchanged it for one of four hundred and twenty acres on 



324 HISTORY OP MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Drum creek, well adapted to the raising of grain and stock. Here he 
died in the height of his success and popularity, Ai)ril 2, 1899. 

A man of great energy and industry, Harvey Keesler made his mark 
as a citizen of Montgomery county. He was not only identified with its 
business but its politics also. He affiliated with the Republicans, who 
honored him, without his solicitation and against his wishes, with the 
township clerkship, but he would never consent to neglect his private 
afifairs to accept a public trust. He was thrifty and provident and left 
his family in good circumstances at his death. Two hundred acres of the 
farm have been set off to the children while the remainder, with the splen- 
did impi'ovements, provides Mrs. Keesler with a comfortable home during 
her declining years. 

Four children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Keesler, namely: Willard 
F., W'ho is married to Lydia Cornelius and has two children, Harvey C. 
and Gladys; Charles, whose wife is Eva Cornelius, has a child, Ethel; 
Clara, wife of D. W. Osborn, is the mother of five children, viz : Loren, 
George, Lewis, Arley and Eeryl ; Laura, married George Seymour and 
died February 25, 1882, leaving a daughter, Jlary L. Seymour, who is her- 
self married to W. H. Thompson and is the mother of Lewis L. Thomp- 
son, the only greatgrandchild of Mrs. Keesler. Thus, with the names of 
five generations of her family, is the history of Mary A. Keesler closed. 
Her seventy years of life have been years of labor and of devotion to the 
bringing-up of an honorable posterity. 



HORACE OSCAR CAVERT— < N-nlciinial year, the ('averts of this 
revie\t became settlers of Montgomery county, Kansas. They were 
headed by J. Curtis G. Cavert, father of our subject, and located on Elk 
river in Sycamore township, where the brief period of two years were 
passed on a farm. In 1878, they changed their residence to Independence 
where they have since resided and where the business life of H. O. Cavert 
has been spent. 

Oscar Cavert was born in Outagamie county, ^^'isconsin. March 27, 
ISCd. His father was a native of the State of New York and settled in 
AN'isconsin in 1847. His grandfather, William Cavert, was a direct de- 
scendent of an Irishman who, with a brother, settled in New York state, 
fresh from Erin. Foi' some unknown reason they each decided to change 
the siielling of the name from "Calvert" to Cavert. One brother went 
into the south and Ihe other i-eiiiaiiied in New York and the generations 
that liitve followed rrom ea<li branrli has maintained the American spell- 
ing of the name. 

.3. (". G. ('avert grew up, was maiiied and entered the volunteer ser- 
vice in Wisconsin. The Third Wisconsin cavali'y. Company "I," was his 
command and he was commissioned a first lieutenant. He was promoted 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 325 

to a captainfY aud was mustered out as such after having served four 
years, chietly iu the westeru department, where guerriUas and bush- 
whackers hugely prevailed. For a wife, he married Helen M. Crane, a 
(ian.i;liter of W. W. Crane, formerly of Akron, Ohio. Seven children were 
liorii to this union, those living being: Mrs. Mattie Calhoun, of Tulsa, 
Indian Territory; Horace Oscar, our subject; Callista, of Tulsa, Indian 
Territory ; and Stella, wife of C. M. Flora, of Independence, Kansas. Of 
the three deceased, two sons died young and a daughter, Frankie, wife of 
John Tarker. died in Portland, Oregon, leaving a son, Cleo. 

51 r. ("avert, of this review, acquired his education in the common 
schools of Wisconsin. He was approaching his sixteenth year when he 
came to Montgomery county, Kansas. After leaving the farm in Syca- 
more township, he was in the employ of Crane & Larimer, shippers, for 
live years. Iu 1883. he engaged in the real estate business which he has 
followed, catering to the local trade, and in this way doing his part to- 
Avard the development and improvement of the town and country. He is 
serving his second term from the second ward on the city council, where 
he favored street paving, electric lighting and other, minor, public im- 
provements. He is a Republican in politics, is an Odd Fellow, a Modern 
Woodman, a Workman and an Elk. 

September, 6, 1888, Mr. Cavert married Adda B. Ferrell, a daughter 
of Elder J. W. Ferrell, of the Christian church and formerly from Jes- 
sanune county. Kentucky. The issue of this marriage are : William Cur- 
tis and Herbrt Oscar. 



LORENZO D. WINTERS — Competency in public service is strictly 
to be desired and is too frequently inattainable at public elections. Of- 
ficials are often chosen in utter disregard of the essentials for the public 
service and in response to a general clamor for a popular idol. But 
where common sense rules good judgment prevails and the citizen who 
wins official honors in response to this condition never fails to exceed 
the expectations of the patrons of his office. Such is strikingly true of 
the present incumbent of the office of clerk of the court of Montgomery 
county. L. D. Winters of this review. 

For more than two years he has officiated in his present capacity 
and the multifarious duties of his responsible office are as positively and 
effectively in his grasp and under his control as were the more cumber- 
some details of his farm down in Cherokee township. He was peculiarly 
situated as a candidate because of his ready adaptation to a clerical posi- 
tion and because of his immense popularity with the voters of the county, 
and when it was discovered that he led heavily over other candidates on 
his ticket it was not a matter of either general or special surprise. 

Lorenzo D. Winters came to Kansas in 1879 and settled, with his 



326 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

I)arents, in ]\rontgoinery county. The family was from Oweu county, In- 
diana, where our subject was born February 6, 1863. His father, Obediab 
J. Winters, is a substantial farmer of Cherokee township, Montgomery 
county, and was born in the same county as his son, in 1832. The father 
was united, in Clay county, Indiana, in marriage with Clara C. Roath, 
a daughter of Lorenzo D. Roath, of Stark county, Ohio. Their two 
(hildien are L. D. and Edward B.. the latter, of ("oft'eyville, Kansas. 

The common schools and the Cotfeyville and Independence city 
schools furnished L. D. Winters with his educational equipment. He 
was eighteen years of age when he left school and turned his attention to 
farming on the old home. He followed the vocation of his early training 
until the close of the year 1900 when, having been elected Clerk of the 
Court, he moved his family to Independence to assume the duties of his 
office. His majority at this election was 320 votes and when his friends 
had all voted for him two years later his majority was found to be 826 
votes. 

Decendjer. 188.5, ifr. Winters married I.ydia -T. Vennum, a daughter 
of Frank H. and Harriet Vennum. old settlers of ('her()kee township, in 
Montgomery county. Mr. and Mrs. ^^'inters have Two cliildren, viz: 
Fthel Ruth'and Ma'bel Harriet. 

The Modern Woodmen, the A. K. T. M. and the Odd Fellows claim 
Mr. Winters as a member, likewise the Elks of the capital city of the 
county. He lends great strength to the local Republican organization 
of his county and his personality has "led many wandering erring ones" 
to return. He maintains his farm on Pumjikin ci-eek and it and his cat- 
tle interests are under his scrutinizing eye. 



JOHN C. MATTHEWS— The late .John C. ^Matthews was a char- 
acter well known to the citizenship of ^fontgomery county. He was one 
of its earliest settlers and was identified with its affairs for almost thirty 
years. When the V. S. Land Office was located in Independence he was 
sent out from the east as a clerk in the office and when the removal of the 
office occurred some years later its clerk remained behind to continue 
acitizen of Montgomery county and to participate in its ordinary affairs. 

John C. Matthews was born in Montgomery county, Ohio, January 
22, 1823. His father, Elias Matthews, emigrated from Baltimore, Mary- 
land, in the first years of the nineteenth century and settled near Dayton, 
Ohio, where he reared his family and became one of the leading and 
well known farmers. He took an active part in the public affairs of the 
community and was a Whig in jiolitical belief. He was born in ITitl and 
was accidentally killed at the age of fifty three. He married Susannah 
Keplingei', who was born in 17!I2 and died >fay 8, ]S70, at ^funice. In- 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 327 

diana. hcinji tlio mother of the following children: George W., Thomas 
J., James M., Elias M,., John C, Sarah J., William L., Mary C, Henry C. 
and Hanici W. The fifth son. John <".. grew up near Dayton and, when 
about L'O years old. went to Delaware founty. Indiana. He acquired a com- 
mercial school training and began life as a bookkeeper in his new Indiana 
home. In 18.")!), he was elected (.'ounty Treasurer of Delaware county and 
filled the office two terms. Succeeding this, he established a foundry and 
planing mill in Muuice and, later on, engaged in the marble business in 
the same place. He was identified with Munice's afl'airs till his selection 
as the first clerk of the Independence Land OflBce. His ability as an ac- 
countant and in a clerical capacity, generally, was universally recognized 
and he was appointed, in consequence, deputy Register of Deeds and later 
deputy Clerk of the Court of Montgomery county. Succeeding these 
clerkships, he engaged in the abstract business and was one of the most 
reliable and trustworthy of the profession. He passed away in Independ- 
ence May 29, 1902. 

On the IGth of October, 1850, John C. Matthews married Margaret 
M. Jordan, a daughter of James Jordan, a native of Beaver county, 
Pennsylvania. The latter settled in Wayne county, Indiana, in 1818, 
where Mrs. Matthews was born August 29, 1832. The children of this 
union are: James C, of Independence, Kansas; S. Valentine and El- 
mer E. 

S. V. Matthews was born in Delaware county, Indiana, February 
15, 1858. He acquired a common school education and among his first 
acts toward the preparation for life's serious affairs was to begin the 
study of law with Judge McCue, of Indeiiendence. He was admitted to 
the bar December 30, 1880, but permitted himself to become interested in 
other matters and never engaged in the practice of law. In 1882, he was 
elected Clerk of the District Court and, in 1884, was reelected. He was 
deputy in the same office some time later and when this service was con- 
eluded he engaged in the business of abstracting, in company with his 
father, the subject of this sketch. 

June 17, 1883. Mr. Matthews was united in marriage with Anna W. 
Vance, of Findlay, Ohio. The issue of this marriage are: Erma F. and 
Dean V. 

The Matthews of this branch are Republicans of the original school. 
John C. Matthews came into the party when "John and Jessie" were 
making the race for the presidency as the party's first candidate in 1856, 
and within its fold has he. and his sons also, fought their political 
battles. 



THOMAS B. HENRY — In this personal record is presented one of 
the original members of the faculty of the Montgomery county High 
School — filling the chair of mathematics — whose family history has. 



328 HISTORY OP MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

siiu-0 1871, been associated with that of the early settlers of Montgom- 
ery county. This nuinicipality is the place of his nativity and it has been 
the stage ujjou which his business and professional career has been 
chiefly enacted. Born and brought up on the farm and inured, somewhat, 
to its developing and toughening influences, and trained in the classic air 
of our state educational institutions, he now honors one of the noble 
professions of his state. 

Thomas B. Henry is a son of the late well-known pioneer. Dr. Wil- 
liam E. Henry, who settled on Table Mound in 1871. On the top of that 
sightly elevation, far above the surrounding country, much of his pos- 
sessions lay, and he passed the closing scenes of his life in the improve- 
ment of his claim, while also in the pursuit of health. The doctor was in 
feeble health, as a result of his army service, and his advent to Kansas 
was prompted in the hope of physical, more than financial, benefit. While 
he busied himself with the initial work of improving a prairie farm, he 
also practiced medicine and was identified with a medical college, estab- 
lished in Independence in an early day. holding the chair of chemistry in 
the institution. 

The birthplace of the head of this prominent Montgomery county 
family. Dr. William E. Henry, was Warren county, Ohio, in the year 
1842.' He received an academic education and graduated in medicine in 
"the Ohio Medical College,"' of Cincinnati, Ohio, and during the Civil 
war served in the 2nd Ohio Vol. Inf. as a private soldier. In the battle 
of Murfreesboro a musket ball shattered his left arm, the injury finally 
causing his death, on the 23rd of August, 1876. He was married in War- 
ren county, Ohio, in 1870, his wife being Miss Rachel :M. Butterworth, a 
daughter of Henry Thomas Butterworth. and a cousin of the late Hon. 
Ben. Butterworth.' M; C.. of Ohio. The two surviving issues of this mar- 
riage are: Thomas B. Henry, of this notice, and William E., of Topeka, 
Kansas. 

Brof. T. B. Henry was born on Table Mound, in :Montgomery county, 
August 17th, 1872. The farm continued to be his home 'till about his 
twentieth year, when he finished his course in the Independence High 
School and, after teaching a term in his home district, he entered the 
State Normal School. Hie completed the academic course in that institu- 
tion in June, 1894, and the same fall took the position of teacher of 
mathenmtics in the Arkansas City, Kansas, High School. At the ex- 
piration of his year's work he resigned to enter the State University of 
Michigan, where he took special work in mathematics and philosophy. 
He tiaiisfciied himself, in 1897, to the State University of Kansas, and 
gradn;i1cd from that institution in 1898, with the degree of A. B. He was 
a"I'hi l)el1aTheta"man, in the university, and, while in the normal school 
represented his society with credit in essay and oratory in the annual 
contests. His school education finished, he assumed his present station. 



HISTOUY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 329 

in life, as a member of the faculty of the Montgomery County High 
School, to the educational success of which he has contributed in a high 
degree. 

June Sth, 1899, occurred the marriage of Mr. Henry and Miss Ellen 
Pugh, a daughter of the late pioneer, J. H. Pugh, of Independence. They 
have fi splendid home on North Ninth street in Independence and their 
residence is one of the most attractive and commodious in the city. 



PiOBERT MAWSON DOBSON— Prominently identified with the 
live stock and farming interests of Montgomery county is K. M. Dobson, 
of Fawn Creek township. He is one of the self-made young farmers of 
the county and has been a resident of it for twenty-one years. A history 
of the successes and reverses in the rise of Mawson Dobson would detail 
a somewhat checkered career, yet it would show a gradual upward ten- 
dency, a continual nearing of the goal in the life of an ambitious man. 
Determination does much toward the accomplishment of a heart's desire 
and the achieving of life's aim is filled with experiences which add zest 
and interest in this particular career. 

Starting in life with an empty hand, but with a full heart and a 
strong head, states the condition of our subject at the real beginning of 
his career. At about sixteen years of age he assumed the station of doing 
a manly part toward the maintenance of the parental home. He was 
equipped with only a country school training, but it was sufficient to 
meet all the requirements of an ambitious youth of the farm. A part of 
his early life was passed as a farm hand and the profits of this toil served 
to provide him with the sinews of warfare in the more serious battles of 
life. Having no legacy, except a strong frame and a good name, he has 
provided both the opportunity and the material out of which his modest 
fortune has finally been carved. 

R. M. Dobson is a native of Illinois. His birth occurred in Scott 
county, that state, March 19th, 1861, and he grew to maturity where he 
was born. His father, the venerable Robert Dobson, of Tyro, Kansas, 
was a native of the Queen's Dominions, being born in Yorkshire, Eng- 
land, April 7th, 1828. The latter came to the United States at twenty- 
one years of age and established himself in Morgan county, Illinois. He 
joined the 91st Illinois Vols, during the Rebellion and served three years 
and seven months in the Union cause, which service left him, as a legacy, 
a disability which has rendered him, ever since, an incapable and physi- 
cally incompetent man. For his wife, Robert Dobson married Mary A. 
MawEon, a lady of English parents, and who survives at the age of sixty- 
five yeju-s. Her children are: George ^y., Frances A., wife of Frank C. 
Moses, of Independence, Kansas; R. M., of this sketch; Elizabeth, who is 



330 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COINTY, KANSAS. 

married to Frank Smith, of Tyro, Kansas: Charles W.. of Illinois, and 
Leslie, of Montgomery county. 

April 8th, 1886, R. If. Dobson married Sarah E. Godwin, a daughter 
of John B. Godwin, of Sullivan county, Indiana. Mrs. Dobson's mother 
was Miss Sarah P. Halberstadt, whose children numbered seven. Mrs. 
Dobson was born on the 3rd day of February, 1861, and has no children. 
She came to Montgomery county, in 1882, and for seventeen years has 
been a never-failing source of strength and encouragement to her enei"- 
getic and industrious husband. 

Mr. Dobson began farming in Montgomery county on a small scale 
and in a modest way. He bargained for eighty acres of land in Fawn 
Creek township in 1885 and, in 1890. sold it and purchased a part of what 
is now his splendid estate. His home was known as "the Stuckle place," 
and is in section 5, township 33. range 15. one of the fertile farms of the 
Onion creek valley, and one naturally adapted to the successful raising of 
stock. In this tract he owns four hundred and eighty acres in a body 
and, in addition, a half section of grass land near by. He engaged early 
in the buying and selling of stock and when he was a youth, yet in his 
'teens, he was able to "drive a snmrt bargain" as a dealer and trader 
in stock. He feeds, annually, on his ranch about one h(uidred and sixty 
head of cattle and owns a bunch of thoroughbred Herefords which have 
contributed no little toward the income of the farm. With this class of 
cattle his success has been more marked and striking than with any other 
breed or grade. They are capable of more profitable development and are 
therefore the money-makers of the bovine tribe. 

Mr. Dobson is buried in interest in the development of his farm and 
herds. Hie does little toward the political phase of the county's history, 
and when he serves as a delegate to conventions and votes the Republican 
ticket he has performed his whole duty, as he sees it. He is a Mason and 
a member of the Blue Lodge, Chapter and Commandery, of Independence, 
and of the INIystic Shrine, of Leavenworth. He is also a Woodmen of the 
Modern Camp. 



JOSEPH GENTRY SEWELI^r— One of the pioneers of Montgomery 
county whose brief career was filled with good deeds, and whose charac- 
ter was dominated by the elements of an upright life, was the subject of 
this })ersonal memoir. His history with the west began in 1871, when he 
settled on section 30, township 33, range 15, Montgomery county, Kansas, 
and continued and was confined to that locality 'till December 29th, 
1882, when he died. The eleven years he spent here were years of inces- 
sant labor in the improvement and development of a home "where his fam- 
ily ni'ght be sheltered in comfort and sustained liberally with the fruits 
of honest toil. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 331 

Mr. Sewell purchased the ( laiiii-right of Mr. Chambers, the original 
settler of his farm, and himself patented the land in section 30, as well 
as a part of section 31. His career in early life had been that of a farmer 
and blacksmith, and to each of these callings he devoted himself in his 
new location. He erected a shop on his homestead and did the plow- 
sharpening, horse-shoeing and other blacksmith work over a wide scope 
of the surrounding country, tluMi'liycxtciiilini; liis aniuaintaiicc and estab- 
lishing himself in the confldemc ;inil ^ikhI will of his fellow settlers. He 
transacted the business of the (inliiiaiy iilfjirs ot life, as they came along, 
with a plain, unassuming and dignitied air and comported himself, al- 
ways, in a manner becoming the sincere and God-fearing man that he 
was. His life was a conspicuous one in the community and when it was 
suddenly terminated in death the shock of it and the accompanying grief 
extended far beyond the limits of his immediate household. 

Jo.seph G. Sewell was a native of Overton county, Tennessee, and 
was born December Cth, 1829. His father was W. D. Sewell, a farmer 
and a Baptist minister, of Virginia birth. He was born in 1800, went 
down into Tennessee, a young man, and married there, Susan Brown, 
who died at the age of seventy-six years. Rev. Sewell lived 'till 1880, and 
passed away in Tennessee, where he had done his life work. His children 
were: Elizabeth, who married Hardy Hopkins, and died in Missouri; 
Jonathan Calvin, who died in Texas ; Joseph Gentry, our subject ; Mary, 
wife of Jerre Taylor, of Tennessee; Washington, Isaac, Jesse and 
Stephen, of Tennessee ; Lovania, who married Elijah Pritchard, deceased, 
and Celia, now Mrs. Baalam Roberts, of Overton county, Tennessee. 

In his youth Joseph G. Sewell acquired a country school education. 
He took up" his trade at the proper age and acquired proficiency in it by 
the time he reached his majority. November 20th, 1851, he married 
Catherine Maberry, a daughter of John and Mary (Spicer) Maberry, for- 
merly of North Carolina, in which state Mrs. Sewell was born, June 22nd, 
1834!^ The Maberry children were William Madison, Catherine, Calvin, of 
California, Serena, deceased, married James Jordan; Sarah, of Menephee 
county, Kentucky, is the wife of John Williams. In 1861, Mr. Sewell 
enlisted in Capt. McKinney's company — Tennessee, troops — for service 
in the Confederate army, and was out two years. He participated in 
battle at JIurfreesboro, ("hiiamaiiga and other engagements of im- 
portance and was wounded in the chin in the Chickamauga fight. On be- 
coming a civilian again he resumed his trade in his native state and con- 
tinued it in the main until his removal to Kansas. 

Mr. and Mrs. Sewell's children are: Martha J., decea.sed, was a 
young girl of fifteen years; William and John, twins, both of Montgomery 
county: the former a farmer of Fawn Creek township and the latter, 
John B., is a resident of Bolton, and was married in 1873, his wife being 



332 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

Miss Maggie James, who has borne him two sons and seven daughters : 
and Andrew Calvin, of Elli City, Kansas. 

In iiublic matters. Joseph G. Sewell took only a citizen's interest. He 
voted with the Democratic party, but liad no interest in the outcome of 
any election, other than the good of the public service. He was intensely 
moral and upright in his intercourse with his fellow men and, in his 
churdi relations, he was a Haptist and a deacon of the congregation. He 
was also a Mason. 



MARTIN YANltUKEX SMITH— On the roster which contains the 
names of the heroes who fought that this country might live a free and 
united nation, is found the name of ilartin VanBuren Smith, one of the 
pioneer farmers of the county, and a gentleman whose singularly up- 
right and correct life has exercised a powerful influence in establishing 
the high standard of civic righteousness now obtaining. Indeed. Mont- 
gomery county owes much of her excellence in matters of government to 
the "old soldier." Returning to the crowded farming sections of the east, 
after those years of strife, he naturally turned to the child whose birth 
had ushered in the din of battle, and whose strong young limbs were al- 
ready making rapid strides toward a prosperous future. Here in Kansas, 
he soon demonstrated that the discipline of army life was the best pos- 
sible preparation for a civic career — that control of self is the basic prin- 
ciple of all right living. Fortunate, indeed, was Montgomery county to 
secure as citizens, in her earlier years, these men, for the four long years 
of hardship and suffering endured for their country had taught them 
well its value, and made them doubly desirous of seeing it the best gov- 
ernment on earth. 

Martin V. Smith passed the latter part of the 50's near the Missouri 
border and was thus prepared by contact with the stirring scenes of that 
time to respond readily to the call of his country. Early in ISfil, he en- 
listed as a private in Company "G," of the Seventh Kansas, and, during 
the struggle, followed the fortunes of his regiment in the bush-whacking 
warfare carried on west of the Ozark Mountains. He was, finally, hon- 
orably discharged for disability and returned to his farm in Linn county. 
Mr. Smith was born in the "Keystone State," in Warren county, in 1834, 
and is the son of Wilson and Nancy (Jackman) Smith, both natives of 
the county, the Jaskmans having been among the earliest pioneers of that 
section. 

Our subject was one of a family of eight children— Charlotte, mar- 
ried William McDonald and lives in Warren county; Martin was the sec- 
ond; then in order came Emily, Frank, Rosaline, Charles and Betsev Ann. 

Mr. Smith was reared to farm work, receiving the education common 
in those times in country districts. He remained at home until his twen- 




M. V. SMITH. 



HISTORY OP MOXTGOMEnY COUNTY, KANSAS. 333 

tieth vear, when he came west, to Franklin county, Mo. He here engaged 
in work on the pioneer railroad of the west, and which afterward be- 
came the Missouri Pacific. A year here and a like period in Lee county, 
Iowa, brought him to Bates county, Mo., where he married and remained 
until his settlement in Linn county, in 1856. This was Mr. Smith's home 
until 1809, when he settled on a claim a mile east of his present location. 
In 1873, he purchased the farm upon which he now resides. It contains 
160 acres and lies four miles southeast of the county seat town of Inde- 
pender.ce. 

Mr. Smith has been twice married. The wife of his youth was Mrs. 
Mary Forbes, nee Knapp. To her were born two children — Estelle, who 
married Frank Griftin, a farmer of Independence township, and whose 
children are Ethel and EfHe; Augusta is the wife of Seward C. Clark and 
lives at Newkirk, Okla., with five children — Josei)h, William, Seward, 
Edna and Mary. Mrs. Smith, the mother of these children, died in Linn 
county, Kansas, in January of 1859, and in 1868, our subject was joined 
in wedlock to the lady who now presides over his home. Miss Addie, 
daughter of William and Eliza (Smith) Dickey. Mrs. Smith is one of 
seven children — Sarah Ann, widow of John Brown, Honesdale, Pa. ; Caro- 
line, deceased; Harriet, Mrs. Alvan Root, of Linn county; Almeda, de- 
ceased: Cushman, of Bearing, Kansas; Mrs. Smith; Emma was a twin 
sister of the latter. Mrs. Smith is the mother of six children — Frank H., 
who married Belle Wise, whose children are Don and Forest ; Lillian is 
the wife of William Fortner, of Independence, whose son is Delbert; and 
Delbert, Hugh and Wesley E. are still at home. Hattie died, aged three 
years. 

As before intimated, Mr. Smith and his family have been potent fac- 
tors in the county's develoi)ment. They are members of the United Breth- 
ren church, and he supports the Republican party by his vote. 



>^\THAN M. FARLOW— Prominently identified with the agricul- 
tural and general material interests of Bolton and vicinity, is the gentle- 
man and worthy citizen of this review, Nathan M. Farlow. He was num- 
bered among the "second relief," or the influx of immigrants who came to 
Montgomery county some fifteen years after its pioneer days and gave 
to it a new blood and a renewed vigor of citizenship. October 20th, 1887, 
was the day he began his residence among the toilers and the prairie 
pioneers, and he located on section 16, township 33, range U, munici- 
pality of Rutland. He was actively connected with farm culture and im- 
provement 'till November 11th, 1902, when he established himself and his, 
now reduced family, in the village of Bolton, where he is modestly and 
quietly passing the evening of life. 

Nathan ^l. Farlow is a native of Orange county. Indiana, born Janu- 



334 IIISTOItY OK MOXTGO.MEKY (.'OrNTV, KAXSAS. 

;iiy ."111. 1841!. His father, .Jonathan Farlow, was one of the pioneers of 
the then Territory of Indiana, having settled there in 1811, au emigrant 
from the state of Xorth Carolina. The latter was born in Orange county, 
the old "Tar Heel State" in 1807. and accompanied his father. .Joseph 
Farlow, into Indiana, where the first work of clearing \ip the heavily-tim- 
bered region was just taking jilace. The family were of the English 
Quaker stock, whose antecedents settled in Xorth Carolina from the col- 
ony ii! Pennsylvania and were of the direct followers of William Penn. 
Jonathan Farlow was a quiet, dignified gentleman, industrious and 
thrifty, and performed a manly and honorable i)art in the affairs of his 
county in whatever capacity he was designated to occupy. He married 
Ruth, a daughter of -John ;Maris, and died in 1878, thirty years after the 
death of his first wife. The children of the first marriage of Jonathan 
Farlow were: Jane, wife of Mark Hill, of Orange county, Indiana; 
Joseph, of Bolton, Kansas; Deborah, who died in February, 1900, was the 
wife of John B. Atkinson, of Montgomery county; Thomas, who died in 
Orange county, Indiana, in January, 188(); and Xathan M., of this record. 
Mary Hill became the second wife of Jonathan Farlow. and ^Leir child- 
ren were: Lindley, of Kokomo, Indiana; Ruth, who died in 1875; Ellen, 
wife of Joseph Trimble, of Orange county, Indiana ; and Sena, unmarried 
and residing in the same Indiana county. 

The Maris's are among the first settlers of Pennsylvania. They emi- 
grated from Inkborough, in the county of Worcester, England, in 1683, 
and joined the Quaker colony in Pennsylvania, (ieorge Maris was the 
founder of this branch of plain Quaker folk and the records show that be 
left England on account of his arrest and imprisonment for permitting 
a meeting of this religious sect at his house. His friends armed him 
with a letter commending him to the colony in America, and reciting in it 
consistency of his religious life and other striking traits of real character. 
This George Maris is the eighth generation removed from Ruth Maris, the 
mother of the subject of this sketch. 

Xathan M. Farlow came to manhood's estate at a time and in a 
country when and where there was a prime opportunity to work. He 
"passed through" school in just a little while and it is not unfair to as- 
sume that while he was doing this feat he was also making a hand on the 
farm. He enlisted, January 4th, 1864, in Company "F," 13th Ind. Vol. 
Cavalry, under Col. G. M. L. Johnson. The regiment was assigned to the 
Army of the Cumberland, and saw service in the States of Alabama, Ten- 
nessee. Georgia, Mississippi and Kentucky. He was with Gen. Grierson 
and jiarticijiated in some sharp bouts with the enemy in its own country, 
l»rior to its final order to rendezvous at Vicksburg, Mississippi, where its 
muster our occurred Xovember 18th, 1865, by special order No. 76. 

February 4th, 1868, Mr. Farlow married Martha Cloud, a daughtei- 
of Daniel and Mary A. (Milliken) Cloud, both of which families— the 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMEKY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 335 

Cloinl.s and Jlillikeus — were froni the State of North Caroliua. Beside 
Mrs. Farlow, the other Cloud children were a sister, Ann, deceased wife 
of James Jones, of Orange Country, Indiana, and a brother, William 
Cloud, of the same county and state. Ml's. Farlow was born February 
21st, 1849, was reared on a farm, where her mother died iu 1866, and her 
father in 1874. Mr. and Mrs. Farlow's children are four in number, as 
follows: Elmer, a farmer of Montgomery county, Kansas, is married to 
Ella Finney; Harry, a merchant of Bolton, is married to Carrie Metzger; 
Mamie, wife of Daniel Webster Finney, of Montgomery county, Kansas; 
William C, who occupies the family homestead in Rutland township, 
has taken him to wife, Blanche Brownell. 

Upon his return from the army Mr. Farlow resumed farming and has 
continued it without material interruption. He has participated in the 
affairs of his municipality as one interested in the public welfare and 
when such participation involved a question of political action, he has 
been an unswerving Republican. He never experienced confusion of opin- 
ions and consequent change of front when "the great breakup of 1890'' 
came on and he forecasted the comparative temporary character of that 
movement from the period of its lirst victory. Mr. Farlow is a trustee of 
the Countv High School, member of the G. A. R. and A. H. T. A. 



ABEAM O. EMPFIELD— Those who have resided within the juris- 
diction of Independence for a third of a century have known the subject 
of this review. His entry to Montgomery county dates along with the 
pioneers, for in February, 1869, he stopped near the "round mound," 
near Wayside, and proceeded to do the initial work on a Montgomery 
county claim. He had not had a capital training for the "rough-and- 
tumble" of the frontier, although he had driven his team from Blooming- 
ton, Illinois, across the states to Leavenworth, Kansas, thence to Topeka, 
Wamego, and finally, into Montgomery county. The trip prepared him 
for the continued out-door existence awaiting him in his new location and 
for a year he made the most of his rural environment. He really made 
no remarkable reputation as a farmer, yet he followed it long enough 
to get a taste of its diflSculties and bitternesses in pioneer days. He dis- 
posed of his team of horses — partially living them up the first year — 
and acquired a yoke of cattle, and began turning over the prairie sod. 
He opened out several acres of land in this way and when the new town 
of Independence started up. and made some pretensions toward perma- 
nency, he left the farm and resumed his trade of a carpenter there. 

While Mr. Empfield has resided a few years on one of the good farms 
of IMontgomery county, and which he has owned many j-ears, his career 
has been passed in the county as a mechanic. Few men were tetter 
adapted in life to the trade he has followed. The handling of tools in his 



33^ HISTORY OF MOXTGOMERV COUNTY, KANSAS. 

line sieiiied natural with him and his ideas in desi<>ning buildings and in 
the appropriateness and tastefnlness of their finish were at once pleasing 
and in advance of his time. That he was pojiular and that he was always 
emph.yed is no wonder, in the light of his success. He did his first work 
in the city in 1870. and for twenty-five years he was identified with the 
Imilding interests of the county's cajjital. Some of his I>est work was 
done on the residcii.cs of Wm. Dnnkin, J. M. Anderson. ('. W. Canning 
and George T. (inn n^.y. 

Having served iiis linie" at his trade, for the second time. Mr. Emp- 
tield decided to occujiy his farm and. with his wife. i)ass his afternoon 
of life in semi-retirement, in the enjoyment of the open air and concerned 
with only a few head of stock and with the general care and improve- 
ment of his farm. He owns two hundred and forty acres in sections 20 
and 27. township 33. range 15, the cultivation of which is done chiefly 
by proxy. 

Abram G. Empfield was born in Cambria county, Pennsylvania, July 
20th, 1847. His parents were George \\'. and Margaret (Myers) Emp- 
field. The father was born in Indiana county, the "Keystone State," in 
1810. and died in Cambria county, September 17th, 1897, while the mo- 
ther was born in the same county in 1818, and now resides in Belsano, 
I'ennsylvania. The father of George W. Empfield was Joseph Empfield, 
who came to the Uinted States an English boy, stealing his way over 
aboard a "sailer." and on reaching this country was sold, by the captain 
of the ship, to a miller, for the amount of his passage. He finally drifted 
into Indiana county, Pennsylvania, where he became a farmer, married 
and died in 1857, leaving three sons, viz: George W., Abraham and Jack- 
son, the latter being a minister of the United P.refhren church and resid- 
ing in Salina. Kansas. 

Our subject is one of nine children, as follows: Thomas, of Belsano, 
Pennsylvania; Mary A., wife of Harvey Cooper, of Schuylkill county, 
Penn.'-ylvania ; Susan, who married Amos Black and resides in Cherry- 
vale, Kansas; Sarah, now Mrs. Isaac Mahan, of Cambria county, Pa.; 
Abram. onr subject; William W,, of Ebensburg, Pa., and Margaret, wife 
of >\illiam James, of the home county in Pennsylvania. These are all 
I he rliildren who grew to maturity, except Martha, who is the wife of Jud- 
son Reese, of Cambria county. Pa, Abram G. Empfield worked on the 
farm "till near his majority, when he was put to learning the carpenter 
trade. As stated above, he was apt with tools and soon gave promise of 
great proficiency at the bench. In December, after he was tweuty-one, he 
left his home and friends and started west "to grow up with the country." 
He was unmarried, had a small amount of money, and at Bloomington. 
Illinois, he left the train, joined some friends and purchased an outfit fop 
the "overland" continuation of his journey hither. 

In 1877. :\Ir. Empfield returned to Pennsylvania and. in Cambria 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 337 

1-ounty, on Jul.v 5th, married ^laliala Campbell, a daughter of Henry and 
Rebecca (Hill) Campbell, farmers and old residents of the county. 5Ir. 
and Mrs. Campbell were both born in 1826, and still survive. Their 
children are: Mrs. Emptield, Lewis, of Johnstown, Pa.; Abbie, wife of 
Sylvester Stover, of Fort Collins, Col.; Amos, of Johnstown. Pa.; Susie, 
the ynimucsi. is the wife of Amos ^IcAlister, of Cambria county. Pa. Mr. 
and' .Mrs" i:iii|,Hrld have an only child, a daughter, Rebecca M., wife of 
Ce(ir;;c .M. Sicwart, of Montgomery county, Kansas. 

Mr. Enipfield and his wife hold membership in the (ierman P.aptist 
church. Their lives have been passed in industry and they have achieved 
a position among those who have aided in the develoiiment of their 
countv. 



DELOS W. WILTSE — Introducing this article is the name of one 
of the early settlers of Independence township, residing in section 31, 
township 32, range 1.5. He owns a farm of 210 acres, improved in keep- 
ing with the progress of the county and has been a citizen of Montgomery 
county since September, 1871. He is the oldest settler now a resident of 
his locality — in point of residence — and when he purchased the improve- 
ments of the original settler of the "claim," they consisted simply of a 
log house, which he occupied ten years, and which is now used as a corn 
crib and serves as a daily reminder of the family's experiences on the 
frontier. 

Delos W. Wiltse is a native of the state of Ohio, born August 18th, 
1852. At six yeai's of age he accompanied his parents, John and Mary 
(Owens) Wiltse, into Illinois and settled in DeKalb county. The parents 
were farmers, and the mother died the same year of our subject's birth, 
and left the following children, viz : Frank, of Green county, Iowa ; 
Charles, who died young; Albert, of Green county, Iowa; Mary, who died 
in 189G, as the wife of Patrick Logan, and Kelos \Y., of this sketch. John 
Wiltse died in Green county, Iowa, in 1902, at ninety-one years of age. 
He wi;s born in New York state and his family was identified with Her- 
kimer county. He was reared a farmer and followed it all his life. His 
wife was a daughter of a Welchman, and he left New York and settled 
in the state of Ohio at an early date. He had brothers, Elijah and 
Stephen, of Illinois, and Henry and Otis, who passed their active lives in 
Wisconsin. 

Our subject came to maturity on a farm near Sycamore, Illinois. 
His education was obtained in the district schools and was of a limited 
chai'acter. He attended school only during the winter months, after he came 
to be of use on the farm. He was married in June, 1871, and began life in 
the calling to which he had been reared. His wife was Charlotte E., a 
vdau"liter of the late early settler. Ashman Partridge, of Montgomery 



338 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

county, Kansas. The latter was well known in the countv he helped to 
inil>rove and was one of the prosjterons and wealthy farmers of Inde- 
pendence township. Since his removal to Kansas, Mr. Wiltse has con- 
fined his efiforts to grain raising, with some stock, and has enjoyed a rea- 
sonahle degree of prosperity. His efforts have universally been honorable 
and intelligent ones and these attributes, in a strong sense, govern the 
character of his citizenship. He was limited in resources on his advent 
to the county, having a team and a small amount of money and, in con- 
sequence, his first years on the Kansas prairie were economically, yet in- 
dustriously and comfortably i>assed. 

'i here have been born to Mr. and ]\Irs. Wiltse four children, as fol- 
lows: Elinyra, wife of Samuel Lehr, with one child, Chester; Byron, who 
married May Young; and Walter and Otto, both at home. In politics the 
Wiltses of this branch are, and have been. Republicans, and our subject 
has always taken a good citizen's interest in the political and x>ublic af- 
fairs of his locality. He has served two terms on the school lioard in dis- 
trict 105 — "Four Corners" school house. 



JAMES BRADEX — One of the new acquisitions to the rural popu- 
lation of Montgomery county is James Braden, a native of the "Keystone 
State," who, after a long residence in Missouri, in 1901, settled in Lib- 
erty township. In the short time he has been in the county he has made 
many friends, his good (pialities attracting all who have dealings with 
him. 

The family history of Mr. Braden carries us back to Beaver county, 
Pennsylvania, where he was born, March 10th, 1829. His father was 
Frank Braden, and his mother Rebecca Russell. The father died when 
his son was but one year old and the mother passed away when he was 
but eight years of age. Our subject was then adopted by Hanson John- 
son, one of the early settlers and leading farmers of that county. Mr. 
Braden remained with this family until the death of Mr. Johnson in 
1849, and was treated in every respect as a son. 

At the age of twenty, he began life for himself and remained in 
Beaver county, engaged in farming, until the breaking out of the Civil 
war, when he became a member of the 5th I'enn. Heavy Artillery, and 
during his service, was, for the most jiart, in the quartermaster's depai't- 
ment and was mustered out at Vienna, Va., July 18th, 1805. He reen- 
gaged at farming in Pennsylvania until 1867, when he came west to War- 
rensburg. Mo., where he purchased a farm sixty-five miles east of Kansas 
City, on the Missouri Pacific railway. He cultivated this farm for eigh- 
teen years, when he sold it and rented a farm, until his settlement in Lib 
erty township, as stated, in 1901. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 339 

The domestic life of Mr. l>ra<len began iu tlie year 18.^2, when he was 
happily joined iu iuarriaL;(' in Itcaver county. Pa., with Louisa Sanford. 
The family of eleven children which she has borne to her husband, are 
scattered to the four points of the compass, but all occupy honorable 
positions in the communities in which they reside. The eldest child was 
John H., now a practicing physician in Morgan county. Mo; Francis L. 
is a stock dealer at Independence, Kansas; Luther N. is a farmer and 
stock raiser in North Dakota; John B. is a physician and practices in 
the State of Washington; Mary Louisa married Serena Campbell and is 
now a widow, living in Oklahoma; Ella F., wife of E. J. D. Miller, re- 
sides in North Dakota ; t^na L. is the wife of farmer Robert L. Smith, of 
Johnson county. Mo. ; Herman D. lives in the Indian Territory ; Margaret 
J. married Charles Hite, a farmer of South Dakota; Amos resides in 
North Dakota, and Perry is a farmer residing in Liberty townshp. 

In the different communities in which James Braden has resided 
during his life time, he has held a prominent and helpful position and 
has always been consistent in his endeavors for the uplifting of society. 
He has always been a consistent su]ij)orfcr of the educational institutions 
of the communities where he has resided and has voted, during his lift* 
time, the Eepublican ticket. In matters of religious concern, he and his 
family are consistant members of the Presbyterian church and liberal 
supporters of the same. His coming to the county is regarded, by those 
who have his acquaintance, as a decided gain to the rural population in 
the local community in which he is making his residence. 

The sons are nearly all members of some society. Herman is a Ma- 
son, Frank and Dr. J. A. are Modern Woodmen, Perrv is an Odd Fellow. 



EDWARD B. WEBSTER— Edward B. Webster, one of the more 
recent settlers of West Cherry township, is a native of Polo, Illinois, 
having been born in Ogle county. May 20th, 1844. He has been identified 
with the west since the fall of 1870, and his experience as a farmer has 
extended somewhat over the States of Iowa. Nebraska, Missouri and Kan 
sas, and in March, 1892, he purchased his farm of three hundred and 
twenl\ acres in section 10, township 31, range Ki. which has profitably 
responded to his intelligent and energetic effort. 

The youth of Edward B. Webster was passed iu the country and his 
•education obtained in the rural schools. August 2Cth, 1802, he enlisted 
in Company "D," 92nd 111. Vol. Inf., his immediate commanders being 
Capt. Lyman Preston and Col. Smith D. Atkins.. His regiment was as- 
signed to the Army of the West, under Gen. Rosecrans, during the greater 
part el his service. His was a company of mounted infantry and moved 
aliom with the cavalry forces. He was in the Chickamauga campaign and 



340 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

in the Atlanta canipai'in. np to the battle before the city, when he was 
shot through the right lung and was forced out of the ranks for about 
two months. He returned to his command after his partial recovery and 
was with it 'till mustered nut <if the service. June 22nd. 1S(1.~. at Conrad, 
North Carolina. 

He took up the work of the farm again, after the war chised. and re- 
mained in Illinois 'till the fall of ISTfl, when he moved to Wappelo 
couut\ , Iowa, where he resumed farming for twelve years, at which time 
he made a move into the far western plain, settling in Anteloi^e county, 
Nebraska. There he took up a claim on the public domain, which he held 
and cultivated 'till the autumn of 188J>, when he returned southeast and 
rented a farm in -Jackson county. Missouri, and. three years later, came, 
to M(<Ltgomery county, Kansas. 

Mr. Webster is a sou of George E. Webster, born in Delaware county. 
New York. The father pioneered to Illinois, took up government laud, 
and helped to build the Erie canal, before his departure from the "Em- 
pire State."' He was a son of Elijah Webster, whose children were: 
George, Jerrad, Oscar. Navadis. Mrs. Mary A. Schriver. Mrs. Roxy A. 
Burger, and Mks. Maria O'Kane. George Webster married Sarah Shaver, 
a native of Delaware county. New York, and a daughter of Jacob and 
Catherine (P.urhouse) Shaver. George Webster and wife had two child- 
ren: Wellen H.. uf Loveland. Colorado, and Edward P... of this review. 

In Wajijielo county. Iowa. Edward R. Webster married Clara, a 
daughter of Samuel and Mary A. iGleason) I'achwood. The issue of their 
marriage are: Mabel, wife of C. D. Shepard. of Washington. She has 
three children, James, Daniel and Earnest; Robert, of Bakersfield, Cal., 
married Ella Ogden; Edith. William, H)arold and Blanche. 

Mr. Webster belongs to the Anti-Horse Thief Association, is a mem- 
ber of the school board of his district and honors the Grand Army of the 
Re])ulilic with his name on the roll. 



JOHN B. REA — The interesting character whose name introduces 
this biography has been numbered among the citizens of Montgomery 
county since Novcniliei- 2Sth, 1875, the year he established himself on sec- 
tion 3, towiisliiji :;:!. range 14. and began the first work in the develop- 
ment of his Kansas home. As a character he is unique, in that the story 
of his life endiraces the experiences of wide travel, beginning with the 
middle of the nineteenth century and continuing through many years of 
the next quarter of a century, during which time the sun shone on him 
from many distant points of our American continent. 

Born in Logan county, Ohio, November 28th, 1825, and reared and 
educated there, at twenty-four years of age he went to Mahaska county. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 34I 

Iowa, where he passed one year as a hand on a farm. The following 
spring — 1850 — with a small company, he made the trij) with an ox team 
to Placerville, ralifornia. being from May 1st to Sei)teml)er 1.5th, on the 
journey. He engaged in mining, but at the end of a year had saved but 
little (.$400.00) from his wages, and decided to return home. He took 
the brig "Imaum"' for San Juan, crossed Nicaragua lake and thence 
down the San Juan river to Greytown. There he took a steamer to Ha- 
vana, Cuba, and, a week later, sailed to New Orleans and up the Mis- 
sissippi river to St. Louis. By stage he went to Carthage, Illinois, and 
thence to his starting-point in Iowa, where lie soon began his journey, by 
horse, to his home in Ohio. 

In December, 1852, he married and returned at once (to Mahaska 
county. Iowa, where he purchased a farm, cultivated it a year and then 
took his departure for his eastern home. In 1857, he again went to the 
Pacifle coast, taking ship at New York, crossing the isthmus and stop- 
ping at San Jose, where he worked on a farm one year. He staged it 
from Los Angeles to Sherman, Texas, and spent two years on a farm 
there. Hostilities between the North and the South caused him to return 
to his friends and he enlisted, at Oskaloosa, Iowa, in Company "K," 33rd 
Iowa Inf., under Col. Samuel Rice. He was in the Department of the 
West and passed much time in Arkansas, from his enlistment in August, 
1862. He participated in the engagement at Helena, July 4th, 18G3, and 
was in the hospital at Little Rock during the Red river campaign. Re- 
joining his command, he went with it to New Orleans, to Mobile, andafter 
taking the latter, went to Fort Blakely, from which point his regiment 
was ordered to the Rio Grande river, in Texas. After doing some ser- 
vice on this extreme frontier the force returned to New Orleans, by the 
wav of Galveston, and was mustered out in the "Crescent City" in June, 
1865. 

The war over, Mr. Rea resumed farming in Ohio for a year, and 
then went back to Iowa, where he was married the second time, Septem- 
ber 12th, 1866. This same year he started west and south in a wagon and 
located in Johnson county, Kansas, where he purchased a farm and 
owned it 'till 1873, when he disposed of it and moved to Batesville, Ar- 
kansas. There he remained 'till the beginning of the journey which 
brought him to Montgomery county, Kansas. 

His beginnings in this county were as primitive as any. His resi- 
dence was 14x16 feet to start with and the conveniences about the place 
were fill improvised and temporary. He has given his time to grain and 
grazing and his modest surroundings have been the result. 

John B. Rea was a son of Allen Rea, a farmer and native of Culpeper 
county, Virginia. His grandfather was Joseph Rea, of Culpeper county, 
and of Irish stock. The eight children of Joseph Rea were: Robert, Allen, 



342 UlSTORY OF MONTGOMEKY COUNTY^, KANSAS. 

Thoinus. Isaiah. Margaret. Sarah, Elizabeth and Deborah. Allen Rea 
married .Maria I'.ishop and was the father of twelve children, viz: Mrs. 
Snsainiah Shark, (ieorjie M!.. John B.. Mrs. Marv J. Hender.son, Mrs. 
Charlotte Hisev. Deborah. Mrs. Margaret Crowder, Mrs. Saniantha Davis, 
Koljevt. .Mrs. Louisa Davis, .I(«<ei.li. of Olatlie, Kans.. and Carlisle, of Con- 
way, Missouri. 

John P.. Kea married, first, Hannah Wiekersluini, who bore him: 
Joseph, of Tennessee, whose four children are Frank, Mrs. Deborah Rob- 
ertson, Capitola. Mary and Virgie: Mrs. Robertson has four children: 
Thomas, William, Flora and Manue; William is deceased; Mr. Rea, our 
subject, married for his second wife, Mary J. Rice, of Jennings county, 
Indiana, and a daughter of James and Calydia (Adams) Graham, natives 
of Kentucky, Two children were the fruit of this union, namely: Saman- 
tha Pilgrim, deceased, and Mrs. Nellie Jones, of Montgomery county. 
Kansas. The children of Mrs. Jones are Vivian Alfa and Charles, twins. 

;Mr. Rea is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic and of the 
A. H. T. A. Hie has ever maintained himself a worthy citizen and his 
standing in his community and county is above reproach. 



GEORGE W. LIPI'Y— In the spring of 1872, the worthy citizen 
whose name is prefixed to this sketch, left Fulton county, Illinois, and 
drove his little family across the state of Missouri and into Wilson 
«ounty, Kansas. After a temporary sojourn he went over into Elk 
county and took a claim, which he held 'till the fall of 1874, when he sold 
it and came to the Verdigris river in Montgomery' county, where he has 
since made his home. His original farm comprised only forty acres, 
where he finally located, and to the development of it and to the acquire- 
ment of broader acres was his attention earnestly directed. So intense 
and concerted were the efforts of his wife and himself exerted that an es- 
tate of four hundred and fifty acres now represents their farm. Their 
home is in section 17, township 31, range 16, and the house which covers 
them was, originally, a simple log cabin. In its construction their funds 
exhausted themselves before the cover was provided and the family watch 
was sacrificed to buy material for the roof. But this modest pretension 
served the family as a home, and "there is no place like home."' 

George W. Lippy was born in Miami county, Ohio, and brought up in 
Fulton county, Illinois, His parents, John and Sarah (Zepp) Lippy, 
settled in the latter place when George was only a baby. John Lippy was 
born in :Maiyland and was of German stock. He was the father of ten 
children, namely : F.lizabeth and Catherine Lasswell, George W„ John, 
i:]irliiam, Mrs. Susanna Markley. Arminda Lee, Mrs. Jane Schlegel, Mrs. 
Edna Lee and William. 




JOHN. B. REA AND FAMILY. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 343 

Tlie birth of George W. Lippy occurred April 11th, 1844. His whole 
life was rural in environment and, September 8th, 1870, he married Eliza- 
beth Markley. Mrs. Lippy was born in Fulton county, Illinois, February 
4th, 1847, and was a daughter of Conrad Markley, a native of Ohio. The 
Markley children were: Conrad, .Joseph, ilrs. Margaret Cornwell, Mrs. 
Susannah Kiclinnls. .T.nksuii. .Inhii. Klizalii'ili. Mniy. Conrad Markley 
married Kuth Fosicr. a daiiulitrr ol' I'.cii jaiiiiii ami ATiianda (Cone) Fos- 
ter, and their chihlivii wcic ; Amanda Walliih. ICli/.aheth Lippy, wife of 
our .subject; Louis C, Margaret ("atron, -Jolin, Thomas, Jackson and 
Joshua. The first Markley children mentioned above were heirs of Jona- 
than Markley. of Pennsylvania, father of Conrad Markley, Mrs. Lijipy's 
father. 

Mr. Li])py and wife have four children, to-wit : Nora Catron, of Ok- 
lahoma, with five children: George, ^Margie, Ruth, Louis and Ralph; 
Margaret, wife of G. S. McEvers, of Montgomei'y county, with three 
children: Maurice. Millie and Martha; John and Ruth Lippy, at the 
family home. 

The industry and thrift displayed by Mr. and Mrs. Liiijiy as they 
passed through life has been one of the marked features of their family 
trait. The management of their affairs indicates an unusual business 
sagacity and the possession of such an estate as theirs only compensates 
them, in a measure, for the sacrifices they have made. Misfortune has 
come to the family in recent years in the mental aberration of the father, 
rendering him incompetent to assume charge of the domestic affairs. His 
noble wife has taken her place at the helm and the onward and upward 
movement of their iiecuniarv affairs has suff'ei-ed no abatement. 



MATHIAS BLAES — The gentleman whose life work is bi'iefly sum- 
marized in this article, is a representative of one of the numerous fami- 
lies of Montgomery county whose material interests mark them among 
the successful people of the municipality. The distinction of being pio- 
neers of the county also belongs to them and they have comported them- 
selves with credit as citizens of a great and growing commonwealth. 

Mathias Blaes is well worthy the honor of being the head of the 
Blaes family. His public spirit and enterprise, his general air of prog- 
ress and his extensive financial interests all conspire to this end. His be- 
lief in the encouragement of worthy objects has been demonstrated by a 
liberal support of the same and his open method of transacting business 
is a matter of general comment. 

The Blaes's were settlers from Cook county, Illinois, and came to 
Montgomery county in 1869. Mathias Blaes, our subject, was born near 
Chicago, Illinois, January 26th, 1856. He comes of pure German stock, 
his father, Jacob Blaes, and his mother, Elizabeth Mbrch, having been 



344 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY^ KANSAS. 

born in Prussia. Tlie parents were married in 1840, in Chicago, having 
conie from Germany in that year, and settled in Cook county, Illinois. 
From that date until 18(59, they followed the varied occupations of the 
farm, and when they came to Montgomery county they entered land — all 
who were of the projjer age — and a large body of the public domain was 
thus gathered together. The father passed away at eighty-four years of age, 
while the mother still survives and is seventy-flve years old. 

Seventeen children were born to this pioneer couple, fourteen of 
whom still li\e, namely: Christian, Mary E.. .Jacob, Elizabeth, Andrew, 
Mai bias. -lohn, Henry, Nicholas, Mary ti.. Kate. Kegina. Anton and Anna. 
'These children are scattered from Arkansas to California, and are main- 
taining tliemselves as good citizens in their respective abiding places. 

Mathias Blaes was a Ijoy of thirteen years when his life was cast 
with the outpost of civilization on the Kansas frontier, and among the 
■scattered fragments of Black Dog's and White Hair's Osage bands. The 
last obstacle to pioneer progress was not removed with the depai'ture of 
the Indians, for floods and grasshopjiers and chinch bugs came along 
and for some years, in the early seventies, the lot of the white man was 
hard. Discouraged but not disheartened, the Blaes's fought their battles 
against adversity without yielding and came off gloriously victorious in 
the end. 

The district sdiool was the only one accessible to Mr. Blaes and ha 
acquired the ground-work of a con.mon and practical education. He 
made his home with his parents 'till April 3rd, 1883, when he married 
Theresia Koehler, who came to the United States from Bohemia at six 
years of age, and to Kan.sas with her parents in 1879, and settled in Wil- 
son county. 

Mr. and Mrs. Blaes began their married life on their farm two miles 
north of Cherryvale. Agriculture and stock raising was the chief pro- 
duct of the farm until recent years, when the mineral development of the 
locality proved it to be rich in oil and gas, and this product— from the 
"Spindle Top Farm," as it has been named — yields its own handsome re- 
1u)ns. each (juarter. in royalties, from the operators of the lease. Eleven 
oil wells, many of which occupy the high plateau overlooking Cherry- 
vale, produce crude petroleum and a good gas well supplies the pumping 
station and the residence of Mr. Blaes with nature's perfection of fuel. 

The improvements on "Spindle Top" farm ;iic in kcc]iiiig with the 
substantial condition of its proprietor; large Iwnsidiy iisiilciirc, ample 
barn room and other conveniences. The farm coniains iwu Inindred and 
twenty-two acres and is cultivated as assiduously as if the family treas- 
ury were not teeming with riches drawn from the' bowels of the earth. Its 
fields are rich and fertile and are stocked amply with the various domes- 
tic animals common to a well conducted farm. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 345 

Ten rliiUlren have blessed the home of Mr. and Mrs. P.hie^. and all 
have learned to speak their mother, as well as the Enfjlish, tongue. Ger- 
man is the langnaoe of the family circle, while Enf'lish was learned in 
school and in contact with the outside world. The children are: Agatha, 
Adolph J., Carl II.. Arnold Kdward. Antoinette, Colette. Theresia B., 
Frank Joseph. Anna 1,.. and Omer W. 



EDWARD J. TK1P.LE— An early settler of :Montn:"mery county 
who has emphasized his presence here by ])ositive and substantial life 
achievements, is Edward J. Trible, of Rutland townshi]). Ecbruary, 1S70. 
marks his advent to the county, at which early date he cond)ined the busi- 
ness of a freighter with that of a settler, and entered a tract of the public 
lands in Independence township, as a starting point in his citizen career. 
He came to the county with mule and ox teams laden with flour and corn, 
which he sold to the Osages, then quartered in their villages about over 
the county and the farm which William Brust now owns is the site 
where Mr. Trible put forth his maiden efforts on a Kansas farm. 

Edward Trible, like other pioneers, made his first home in Mont- 
gomery county in a log hut, which he erected with his own hands. His 
stable matched his house and a "shanghigh" fence enclosed his field. Chief 
Nopawalla's camp was only a fourth of a mile from him and a friendly 
intercourse between the settler and the Aborigines was maintained. 

In 1872, Mr. Trible went on a buffalo hunt, fifty miles west of his 
claim, and killed all the meat he could haul. At that date Butler and 
Cowley counties, and all the country west of there, was full of that large 
game, and it served the pioneers in good stead during a scarcity of native 
meat and short crops. This meat our subject sold at Joplin, Missouri, 
and in that vicinity he remained, working about the lead mines, for three 
j-ears, returning thence to Montgomery county and settling the farm he 
now owns. He was then without means, so to speak, and he roughed it 
and starved it until Providence came to his rescue with earth's bounteous 
crops. He lived in a log cabin here, too. and the temporary buildings of 
the modest farmer covered him 'till their destruction by fire, in 1892, 
when the home of the present day arose and gave him shelter. He is 
located on a tract of school land in section .36, township 32, range 14, and 
is classed among the thorough-going and thrifty citizens of his township. 

December 25th. 1844, Mr. Trible, of this sketch, was born in Devon- 
shire, England. He grew up there to the age of fourteen years, when he 
sailed for America and landed at Quebec, Canada. He went direct to 
Alton. Illinois, and thence to Macoupin county, that state, where he re- 
sided until 1867. In the spring of 1864, he enlisted at Camp Butler, 111., 
in Company "F," 133rd Vol. Inf., Capt. Dugger and Col. Phillips. He 



346 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

did guard dutv at Rock Island, Illinois, during his entire service and 
was "^mustered out at his place of enlistment December, 1865. After 
spending a short time at home he migrated to Barton county, Missouri, 
from which point he started on his journey to Kansas and to M'ontgom- 
ery countv. 

Edward .1. Trihle was a son of -Tolin Trible. whose father and mother 
were the parents()f.I()lin,i:d\vai(l. Al.nmi and f^amuel. John Trihle married 
Mary Oliver in Devonshire, and was the father of six children, as follows: 
Mrs." Grace Elred. of Carlinville, 111.; Mrs. Elizabeth Hobson, of Carrol- 
ton. 111. ; Mrs. Mary Fink, of Lamar, Mb. ; John, of Girard, 111. ; Margaret, 
-wife of Peter Denby, and Edward J. 

In 1872, Mr. Trible married Mary J. Compton, a native of Ross 
county, Ohio, and a daughter of Wilson and Sarah (Brake) Compton. 
The issue of this marriage is six children, namely: Mrs. Maude Greer, 
with children, (ileiin and Audra ; Mrs. Grace Furgeson; Wiltz, of Kansas 
City; Maggie, Elbirt and Blanche. 

" The first wheeled vehicle known in England was made by John 
Oliver, the maternal great-grandfather of Mr. Trible. He lived in the 
county of Devonshire, where the family annals have existed from a very 
-earlv time. 



ALEXANDER C. GREER— In 1884, the subject of this personal 
reference came to Montgomery county and identified himself with the 
settlers of Rutland township, where he owns one hundred and twenty 
acres of sections 27 and 33, township 32, range 14. He emigrated from 
Morgan county, Indiana, where his birth occurred October 11th, 1841, 
and where he grew up on a farm. His father, John A. Greer, was a pio- 
neer there from Scott county, Kentucky, and a minister of the Christian 
church, dying the year following our subject's birth. 

Rev. John A. Greer was a native Irishman's son, James Greer being 
his father. James Greer accompanied his parents, Stephen H. and Ruth 
(Anderson) Greer to America as a child, where he married and, in Ken- 
tucky, reared his family of seven children, viz: James. Nathaniel, Henry, 
Alvin, Ruth, Mrs. Sophronia Smith, Mrs. Martitia Berry, and John A. 
The last named married Nancy Elsey, a daughter of John and Elizabeth 
(Montague) Elsey, native Kentucky people. Ten children sprang from 
this union, as foUows: James, John E., Mrs. Elizabeth Carroll, Lyman 
M., ]Mrs. Ruth Williams, Nancy J., William H.. Mrs. Amanda M. Poor, 
Alexander C, and Sarah, deceased. 

Stephen H. Greer, our subject's great-grandfather, came from Ire- 
land to Maryland and served about five years in the Revolutionary war. 

The opportunities of Alexander f'. Greer, in youth, were only such as 
-came to a country boy of his time, and he grew up with a strong body, 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 347 

a moral and uprioht yount; man. August 30th, 1862, he enlisted in Com- 
pany "F," 5th Ind. Cav.. ('apt. Felix Graham— afterward colonel— and. 
later, under Col. Thomas F. F.utler. in the 2.3rd Army Corps, commanded 
by Gen. Sherman. He was in twenty-two different engaoements during 
tiie war and escaped both wounds and capture. He was in the fights at 
Bean Station. Bluntville. Tenn.. and Bufflington's Island. He helped cap- 
ture Gen. Basil Duke and eleven hundred men. with a mere posse of fifty 
men. From Kentucky the command went into Tennessee, where it scout- 
ed over the eastern part of the state and fought the battles of Raytown, 
Strawberry Plains and Walker's Fort. The regiment then returned to 
Louisville. Kentucky, from whence it soon embarked on its journey to 
join Gen. Sherman, for the Atlanta campaign. On this campaign the 
cavalry led the advance and brought on the fighting all the way down to 
the city. After the Confederate stronghold surrendered, Mr. Greer's 
command was sent back to Louisville, where he went to the hos])ital with 
a fever. He was discharged from there May 20th. \S(\~). and is now a pen- 
sioner on the roll of honor. 

Since the war. farming has occupied the attention of Mr. Greer. He 
was married in 1807. Rhoda Parker becoming his wife. She was born in 
Morgan county, Indiana, and was a daughter of Starling and Mary 
(White) Parker, of Jackson and Morgan counties, that state. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Greer have been born eight children, viz : Mrs. Ruth Hutoka, of 
Neodc-'ha, Kansas; Mrs. Lily M. Botts, of Montgomery county, with 
children: Laura, Ella. Margaret and Marie; Mrs. ^Margaret M. Malcom, 
with three children: Ira. Eva, and Ethel, deceased; Mrs. Dora Hewitt, 
of Independence. Kansas; Everett E., of Neodesha ; -lohn E.. of Indepen- 
dence; Mary J. and Alice, yet on the family homestead. 

In politics Mr. Greer affiliates with the Republicans and has been 
chosen to fill several local offices of his township. He has attended 
county and district conventions in a delegate capacity, and has comport- 
ed himself as becomes a patriotic and worthy citizen. 



LUCIXDA W. ALLISON— One of the modest citizens of West 
Cherry township and one who has passed nearly a quarter of a century 
within the limits of Montgomery county, is Mrs. Lucinda W. Allison, of 
this record. She came to the county with her late husband, Jackson Al- 
lison, and settled, temporarily, west of Independence, but, two years later 
purchased the eighty acre tract in section 20, township 31, range 16, 
where her home has since been maintained. 

In DeKalb county, Tennessee. Mrs. Allison was born, March 21st, 
1845. Eight years later, she accompanied her parents into Kentucky, 
where, in Logan and afterward in McClain counties, she grew up. She 
was a daughter of William C. and :Martha (BeldenI Doss and was the 



•j^S HISTOUV OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

oldest of four cliiUlreu, viz: Lucinda, Ursula, wife of Thomas Sams, of 
Logan county, Kentucky: Mrs. Maria J. Tines, of Butler county, Ken- 
tucky, and Marv E. William C. Doss was a son of Jonathan Doss, who 
married a l'rit«"hit and reared an only child. The father was an Irish- 
man and the mother a Tennesseean, and their home was in Virginia. 
William C. Doss" wife was a daughter of Isaac and Martha Belden, of 
Logan county. Kentucky, but the former a Virginian by birth. 

June otii. 1871. Lucinda W. Doss married Jackson Allison, a native 
of Franklin county. Kentucky, and a son of Harrison Allison, a Virgin- 
ian, with Scotch-Irish lineage. Jackson Allison was one of four in 
family, namely: Jackson, John, Eli and Josejih. 

Soon after her marriage, Mrs. Allison and her Inishand removed to 
McClain county and reiuained there 'till their emigration toward the 
setting sun. Mr. Allison passed his life as a farmer and died February 
2Cth, 1901. Among his first acts as a young man was his enlistment in 
the Ton federate army, where he served as wagon-master in Kentucky and 
Tennessee, being in the army for a i)eriod of four years. After the war 
he was a]>iiointed jailor in Calhoun. McClain county, but in the west his 
life was a (]uiet and unassuming one. lie left two children at his death, 
Elmo, of Montgomery county, with children. Lcla and Conrad H.; and 
Miss Ella Allison, at home. 



THOMAS W. ANDERSON— When Montgomery county was yet an 
outpost of civilization and the Red Man still held sway, Thomas W. An- 
derson, of this sketch, united his fortunes with the sparse settlement of 
Independence township, and entered a tract of land near Independence. 
He engaged actively in the development of his new farm and ownd it un- 
til 1876, when he exchanged it for interests in Cherryvale, in and around 
which place he has ever since resided. 

Coles county. Illinois, was the native place of ;Mr. Anderson, and 
there, December 11th, 1836, he was born. James Duncan Anderson was 
his father and his mother was Lucinda Tlirelkeld, both parents being na- 
tives of Kentucky. In 1832. they left their native state and settled in 
Coles county. Illinois, where, in i841. the father died at forty-five years, 
while the niother lived to be forty-eight years old. Of their four child- 
ren, Thomas W. is the sole survivor. 

Being left without jtarents at eight years of age. our subject was 
reared under the care an<l guidance of his maternal grandparents. Con- 
ditions were such that an education was imjiossihle to him and a term 
of three months in a country school was all the school advantage he had. 
The Threlkeld home was his home 'till December 5th, 1855, when he mar- 
ried Elizabeth Helton and the young couple set out to do for themselves. 

Mrs. Andeison was born in Tennessee, in 1837. was a daughter of An- 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY', KANSAS. 349 

drew Jind Maliudu Neal (Black) IJeltou, of Tenness(H>, uud English birth, 
respectively, lu 1854. the Heltons started to Texas bv river boat — down 
the Ohio and up the Red river — and while going u\> Ihe latter Andrew 
Helton, the father, was stricken with cholera and died .Marrh i^i'ud. 1854, 
at forty-nine years of age. This misfortune dishearifiicd ilic ninilicr and 
children, and they returned to their Illinois home, whi-n- .Maiinda Ibdton 
died, January 1st, 1S5G. at forty-two years old. 

The Helton children were : Leanah E.. born April .30. 1830 ; Alfred 
C, born August 20th, 1831, and died in 1852; James F., born October 
30th, .1833, died in Kansas City ; Mary H., born October 22nd, 1835 ; 
Elizabeth, born December 27th, 1837; Enieline F., born September 27, 
1840; Milton E., born November 14th, 1843; Thomas M., born November 
9th. 1845; Henry C. born March 18, 1848; Laudou H., born May 2, 1850, 
and George W., born July 16, 1853. 

Early in 1865, Thomas W. Anderson enlisted in the 123rd Illinois 
Vol. Inf., but was subsequently transferred to the 61st Illinois regiment, 
in which he served 'till the close of the CMvil war. Returning to his fam- 
ily, he continued farming in his native state 'till 1869. when he came to 
Kansas and passed a year at Fort Scott. On coming into Montgomery 
county he found it what he desired, identified himself with its agricul- 
tural interests and has done a modest, tlumgh substantial, part toward 
the niaterial development of the county. 

AA'hen he became identified with Cherryvale, he took up plastering, 
but followed the trade only a short time, when he erected a few houses 
for rent and bought a few acres near the city, and has been occupied 
largely with the care and improvement of his property. In 1892, he was 
appointed postmaster of Cherryvale, being the second Democratic incum- 
bent of that otMce, commissioned for four years. His activity in politics 
in behalf of nmny aspiring friends commended his candidacy "to the favor 
of his party and his appointment to the postmastership was the result. 
He has been justice of the peace of I»rum Creek township and as a citizen 
has comported himself with dignity and patriotism. 

Mr. and Mrs. Anderson have ten surviving children out of a family of 
twelve as follows: Lemuel E.. born Se])tember 5th. 185(i ; Mary oiive, 
born November 12. 1858, is the wife of William Richie; Lucinda, born 
October 7th, 1860, is now Mrs. C. Friley ; Stanley A., born July 31st, 1862, 
died September 13th, 1864 ; William F., born September 7th, 1864 ; Isaac 
T., born October 29th, 1866 ; John J. W.. born May 1st. 1869 ; Louisa M., 
born March 4th, 1872, is married to M. L. Brooks; Thomas T., born June 
9th, 1874, and died November 5th, 1885; Cyrus R., born August 17th, 
1876, was a soldier in the 20th Kansas in the Thilippine Islands; Sallie 
Kate, born May 29th. 1879, is now Mrs. Oliver Hedley. and Charles Uitts, 
born September 5tli, 1882. Lemuel Ray Anderson, a grandson of Mr. 



350 HISTOKY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

and Mrs. Anderson, was boi'n May 1st, 1900, and is being reared, trained 
and educated by tlieni. 

Having acMiuircd a modest competency, Mr. Anderson is passing bis 
declining years in partial retirement. But for the presence of their 
grandson lie and his wife would be alone in their comfortable and bds 
pitable home, just nortlnvest of the city limits. 



JOHN T. ("LAY— John T. Clay is one of the largest farmers of 
Liberty township. He was born in Pike county, Ohio, March 14,»183S. 
His father, Thomas Clay, a native of Virginia, married Elizabeth Moore, 
also a native of Virginia. They came to Ohio with their parents, when 
very young, settling in I'ike county, where Mr. Clay, Sr., died at the age 
of se\enty years. The mother's death occurred at the age of sixty-five. 

There were seven children in the family, all deceased except our sub- 
ject. John T.. the only survivor of the Clay family. The latter was reared 
irwOhio, where he had only limited opportunities for getting an educa- 
tion. His marriage to Sarah Moore occurred February (>, 1861. The 
war coming on. Mr. Clay did not enlist, but furnished a substitute to fill 
his place. He did jiatriotic service by staying at home and raising corn, 
wheat and stock, to help feed the large army of T'nion soldiers, that had 
to be fed. 

In 1881. he came to Kansas and settled fourteen miles west of Wich- 
ita, where he bought a half section of land. He lived there two years, but 
became dissatisfied and sold his land in 1888, and removed to Mont- 
gomery county. Here he bought three hundred and twenty acres on the 
Verdigris river. Two hundred acres of this was bottom land, covered 
w'ith heavy timber at the tinie of its purchase, but now it is all in the 
very best cultivation, and In- laiscs, on an average, two thousand bushels 
of wlieat evciy yi'av. besides ilionsands of bushels of corn. His stock 
consists of lioi^s. ]irineinally, a large nnnd)er of which he feeds every year. 

His home is situated on the east side of a large bluff, where the cold 
west or north winds cannot reach it, and is located six miles due north 
of Coft'eyville. After years of hard work and untiring industry, Mr. 
Clay li,-is made for himself one of The mos't i.rodnctive farms in the 
count \. 

Twelve children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Clay, viz: Charles 
and Daniel, deceased; Thomas V., who lives in the Indian Territory; 
Catherine, wife of W. K. P.ever; Amanda, wife of S. R. Selbv; Elizabeth, 
Mrs. Charles E. ^McC.rkle; and Louisa, wife of ^Marion McCorkle. Five 
childien died in infancx. 

Politically. :Mr. Ci'ay is a i ><• rat. He has held oflice at different 

times, liaxing been treasurer of Lilteity townshi]) two terms. He is 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 351 

well ;m<l l;iv()i-al)ly known and is worthy of the respect and honor in 
which he is held. " 



.TA:MKS E. KIN(\\II)— The siil)je<t of this personal narrative be- 
lame identified with Kansas first in l.ss.l. at whieh time he emigrated 
from Chariton connty, Missonri. and settled in Clark county, Kansas. He 
became identified with the country west of the Mississippi river in 1875, 
when, in company with his brother. Alexander, and an uncle, the trip was 
made from Orange county, Indiana, into Missouri and settlement made 
in Chariton county. 

In Orange county, Indiana, Mr. Kincaid was born November 3, 1856. 
His parents were farmers and his childhood and youth were, therefore, 
passed in a country home. His education was obtained in an attendance 
upon the winter terms of a country school and when he reached his 
eighteenth year his career as a pupil ceased. 

While a resident of Missouri he maintained himself on a rented 
farm and spent ten years in the state. 

With two teams and equipments, as his partial accumulations, he 
departed for western Kansas in the autumn of 1885, and experimented 
with farming out there for four years. This venture proved a mistake, 
for he virtually lost his savings of former years and, ''broke" and almost 
stranded, he went to Cowley county. Kansas, where he worked Charles 
Hendricks' farm on the shares, taking one-third of the crop. He remained 
in that county till 1894, when he became a seeker of fortune in the new 
Oklahoma country and made the race for a claim. He obtained one in 
"K" county, lived three years of the seven passed there, in a "dug-out," 
proved up on his farm and, in 1000, sold it for .f3,500.0n and returned 
to Kansas. This time he settled in Montgomery county, where he pur- 
chased of George T. Guernsey, four hundred acres in Rutland township, 
the farm lying in sections 25 and 3(5, township 32, range 14. 

Grain farming occupies Mr. Kincaid principally, but cattle and hogs 
yield him a profit from the surplus from his fields. 

Jlr. Kincaid was orphaned at the early age of four years. His moth- 
er passed away in less than a year after his birth and, in 18C3, his father, 
also, died. His father was William Kincaid and his paternal grandfath- 
er was Alexander Kincaid, a native of Kentucky. The family of the last 
named comprised Andrew, George. William, Mi-s. Belzora F. Walker, 
Mrs. Frances Edwards, Mrs. Mary Padgett, Mrs. Cordelia Poe and 
Henry A. 

William Kincaid married Belzora Bishop, a daughter of Rufus 
Bishop, of Tennessee. The children of this marriage were: R. Alexander, 
of Chariton county, Missouri ; James E., of this review. 

In 1878, James E. Kincaid married Margaret J. Padgett, of Indiana, 



352 HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 

and a (laui;lit('r of Joseph aud Barbara Tadgett. Joseph William died 
at thirteen mouths. Charles Edward died aged about two years. Emily 
B. and Oliver M. are the children born to Mr. and :Mrs. Kineaid. 

William Kim-aid's life was brief but active and devoted to the work 
of the farm. He was born at Lexington, Kentucky, and went into Indi- 
ana as a young man. He enlisted there in Company ''A," Sixty-sixth 
Voluteer infantry. War of the Rebellion, and furloughed home on ac- 
count of wounds. He rejoined his command, was taken sick and died in 
the hosi)ital at Pulaski. Tennessee. 

The death of the parents of James E. Kimaid was a blight upon 
his life through childhood and youth. He knew no iiermanent and wel- 
come home till he made one for himself and when he began life's stubborn 
battle it was single-handed aud without financial help. Although he has 
experienced a number of I'everses. his ambition has never flagged and dis- 
couragements have been brushed away. He has always maintained him- 
self among the best citizens of his county, where he has occasionally lieen 
honored with public trusts. 

He is a Eepublicau. jiolitically. and was treasurer of his township 
in "K" county, Oklahoma. He and his wife hold membership in the 
Christian church and he is a Workman and a member of the Fraternal 
Aid .'.nd A. H. T. A. 



JACOB B. KLINEFELTER— One of the substantial settlers of 
Montgomery county who came to it among the first years of its municipal 
existence was Jacob B. Klinefelter, of Cherry township. He was pre- 
pared for a life of "ups and downs" on the frontier by a service of nearly 
four and a half years in the volunteer army and the sound of martial mu- 
sic had hardly died within him when the civil march toward the prairies 
of the west began. If he encountered hardships, they were tame incidents 
in his career, and if fortune smiled upon him it was but nature's symbol 
of aj>|ireciation of the sacrifices of one of her noblemen. 

It was in 1871 that ^Nlr. Klinefelter came to ^lontgomery county, sin- 
gle and with limited means, and for the first three aud one-half years he 
was a wage earner by the month ; first for the jiioneer, George Evans, and 
second, in the old saw-mill established on the Verdigris river nearby. He 
then entered a tract of the public domain, six miles north of the present 
city (.f ('herryvale and at once occupied himself with the work of its im- 
])rovement. Beginning with 1879, he was absent from his farm for 
eight years, having migrated to Colorado where he was first employed in 
I'ailroad work, as foreman of a yiack train for the company building the 
road, and subsf^picntly lie went into tiie mines and labored in the dig- 
"inirs for seven vears. 



HISTORY OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY, KANSAS. 353 

I'.flniiiiiij; to Montgomery county, he resumed the eultiviulon of his 
fiirm. His soil is rich and black and produces an abundance of grain 
and seeds. It is conveniently iini)roved and the profits from its surface 
liave placed its owner far beyond the pangs of want. He has his place 
well stocked and manages it with that intelligence that always marks 
the successful farmer. 

Jacob B. Klinefelter was born in York county. Pennsylvania, .July 
4, 1880. and his ancestors were of the early settlers of that place. His 
parents. Peter and ^lary ( P.akerl Klinefelter, were born in that county 
and lived there till IS.'di. wlien they emigrated, and settled in Christian 
county. Illinois. There the father died at the age of eighty-one and the 
mother at six years younger. Of their four children, only two survive, 
namely: Cornelius, of Illinois, and Jacob B. 

A limited attendance u])on the counti'y schools sufficed for the men- 
tal training of Jacob B. Klinefelter. He accompanied his parents to Illi- 
nois, where he was married to Anumda Pierce, who soon died, leaving a 
child. Mary, still living in the "Prairie State." When hostilities broke 
out between the divided sections of our country in 18(U. Mr. Klinefelter 
was among those who responded to the President's call for 75,000 troops. 
He enlisted in the Eighth Indiana battei'y and began his part at putting 
down the rebellion at \Yilso7i creek. Chief among his fifteen hard-fought 
battles were: Wilson creek, second battle of Corinth. Stone River. Chicka- 
mauga. Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain, Dalton, Resaca, Ken- 
nesaw Mountain. Peachtree Creek. Atlanta, Franklin and Nashville. He 
was in many smaller fights and skirmishes and had many "close calls" 
during his four years, four months and twenty days in the army. He 
carries scars made by two Rebel balls and while he was thus severely 
wounded he never permitted himself to be captured, preferring death to 
imprisonment in a Southern stockade. 

From August, lS(i.5, till his advent to Kansas Mr. Klinefelter was a 
farmer in Christian county, Illinois. When he had entered land in 
Montgomery county, he saw the necessity of a heli)-mate and, August 
2.3, 1872. he married Eva Heltz. born in Germany, September 29, 1851. 
When seven years old. Mrs. Klinefelter came to the United States with 
her ]«.irents, John and Christina (Barsch) Heltz. and for twelve years 
resided in Indiana. In 1870, they came on to Kansas and settled in 
Montgomery county, where the mother died in 1902, and where the father 
survives at the age of eighty-eight years. Ten children were born to this 
venerable couple, the seven living being: Katie, Maggie, Michael, Eliza- 
beth. Susan. .John and Mrs. Klinefelter. 

The issue of the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Klinefelter was five 
children, viz: Emil. Ada, William, Maynard and Lizzie, all of whom still 
surround the family "hearthstone." 

For thirteen vears Mr. Klinefelter tilled the office of justice of the 



354 IIISTOKY OF MOXTGOMEKY CorNTY, KANSAS. 

peace of liis towiisliij). llis first vote was cast for •'John and Jessie" in 
the Fieniont cainpaign, and his next Presidential ballot for Abraham 
Lincoln, whom he personally knew many years before he became Presi- 
dent. Re].ublicanism has always remained his slo<ian and he has al- 
wav.i nnifed his elforls with that iiartv in Montjiomery county. 



THOMAS J. WARNER— On a farm in Lewis county, West Vir- 
ginia, Thomas J. Warner, of Rutland township, was born, December 10, 
1806. He came to mature yeai's about his native heath and acquired the 
rudinients of a country school education. He left the old home in 1896 
and went into old Virginia where, in Rockbridge county, he was engaged 
in farm work for four years. Deciding to seek his fortune in the west, he 
returned home in a few months and then migrated to Welch, Indian 
Territory, in September, 1001. Having not found the object of his .search, 
after a few weeks he came up into Kansas and, at Jeft'ei'son. in Mont- 
gomery c(uinty, he bought a farm of one hundred and sixty acres, which 
he parted with at sale after cultivating it one year. He came to Rut- 
laud townshij) from Independence creek and owns now a quarter section 
of section 14. township 33, range 14. 

Mr. Warner's father was George O. ^\;^•n(M■, horn in Pendleton 
count\. West Virginia, and a son of John Warner. The latter had chil- 
dren AVilliam, Zebedee, George G. , James, of Taylor county, W'ist Vir- 
ginia; M. J. H.. of Labette county, Kansas; MIrs. Rebecca Smith and 
Catherine. George (!. Warner married Lucinda Clark, of Lewis C(mnty, 
West Virginia, and a daughter of John and Margaret ( Bonnett) Clark. 
The five children of lliis union were: Ida F. , Thomas J., John M.. of Cal- 
ifornia; William W.. of West Virginia; Mrs. Glennie Zinn, of Ritchie 
county. A\'est ^'il•ginia. 

April 24. 1S!»0. Tliomas J. Warner married Irena J. Mohler, of 
Rockbridge county, ^'irginia. a daughter of David H. and Mary V. ( Shel- 
ton) Mohler. of A'irginia and West Virginia, respectively.' The two 
children of Mr. and .Mrs. Warner are Mary L. and Ida M. 

The varied innsiiits of the farm have occupied Mr. Warner through 
life. The effoiis of his active life have been fairly rewarded and he is 
toda^- master of ilic situation that confronts him. In jiolitics he is a 
Democrat .-ind lie and liis liold