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Full text of "The history of New Ipswich, New Hampshire, 1735-1914 : with genealogical records of the principal families"

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Professor Charles Henry Chandler 













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THE life of Charles Henry Chandler was spent in the 
devoted service of his fellowmen. 

Born in New Ipswich, New Hampshire, in 1840, Mr. 
Chandler prepared for college at its district schools and acad- 
emy, in each of which he had been teacher as well as pupil. In 
1865, he entered Dartmouth College, from which he was grad- 
uated with highest honor in 1868. Although first scholar of 
his class, his greatest achievement was not that of scholarship. 
A classmate has said of him: "I doubt if he committed a 
single act in college which he would wish concealed from his 
oldest friends : so consistent was his life with his profession of 
Christian principles." The integrity of such a character, to- 
gether with his sound mind and high ideals, made him a great 
power for good among his associates. 

After a useful experience in academic teaching, he was 
called in 1871 to the chair of Physics and Chemistry in Antioch 
College, Yellow Springs, Ohio. He occupied this position for 
ten years. Efficient along various lines. Professor Chandler's 
work was peculiarly valuable to a college not at that time rich 
in resources ; and he left upon it a permanent impress of his 
abilities and character. From Antioch, in 1881, he w^ent to 
Ripon College, Ripon, Wisconsin, as professor of Chemistry, 
Physics, and Mathematics. In this service he remained until 
1906, being then retired as Professor Emeritus. The words 
of one formerly a student at Ripon are an impressive tribute 
to his value and influence: 

"He was a rare teacher. He knew his subject and spoke 
in terms of his pupils. Being thus found in fashion as a pupil, 
we highly exalted him as a teacher. He imparted that intangi- 
ble force which is the true essence of a teacher: teaching 
what he was, not voluntarily but involuntarily. We remember 
rare pauses and parentheses in recitation — the getting oflf the 



track, which is characteristic of a teacher whose tracks are 
laid into the souls of his pupils, as well as into the more 
definable lines of a text. He was a teacher who lived in his 
pupils, made better by his presence ; a teacher who scorned 
all aims which end in self. He revealed himself who was, to 
us, even better than the mathematician. Scientist, yes, but 
also something of a mystic in the best sense. A college is 
essentially its men who teach and are taught ; and in this 
sense Ripon College is very much Professor Chandler." 

Though mathematics and applied science were the channels 
of Professor Chandler's most marked abilities, he was a good 
classical scholar. An habitual reader of the best English wri- 
ters, his teaching in these branches, during his academic 
experience, had been thorough and efifective. Accurate and 
demanding accuracy, he possessed the rare gift of clear ex- 
planation, reenforced by characteristic illustration. His habits 
of mind were direct and forceful, as of a man with something to 
impart. His literary productions in the classroom were en- 
livened by a vivid imagination and a keen sense of humor. 
Something poetic in his nature also found expression at times, 
in quaint guise. With a keen love of nature and reverence for 
the creative plan, he saw in it the vital truths : love, faith, and 
promises to which the eyes of many are blinded. Deeply in- 
terested in the church, he took an active and important part 
in its work, wherever he might be, and won the respect and 
affection of many whom he did not reach through professional 

After 1906 he returned to the town he loved and in which 
he was born. He devoted himself to its interest ; a loyal 
citizen, always, with high civic ideals. Wise and broad- 
minded, his counsel and efforts were applied not merely to 
present but to future welfare. An educator, he gave largely 
of his experience to the problems of the public schools and 
served upon the School Board for a number of years. 

In the midst of many other interests and duties, he 
devoted himself to the writing of the present History — a labor 
of love for the people dear to him. It is difficult to estimate 
adequately this great service — a service which speaks strongly 
for itself, but which in all its detail of tireless, persistent effort, 



can be realized by few. Its value will be wholly appreciated 
only by following generations. To them will come a knowl- 
edge not only of its historic worth, but a knowledge also 
of the man who so greatly loved the history and people of his 

Of such a son as Charles Henry Chandler, New Ipswich 
may be justly proud — a son who represented the highest 
standards of honor, and whose achievements were possible 
because of an unfaltering fidelity to his ideals. 

Katharine Preston. 


Y^ OR many years citizens of New Ipswich have felt the need 
^ of a history of the town which should not only give the 
history of the last half century, but should put in accessible 
and permanent form the many facts and traditions which have 
come to light in later years. This feeling took tangible form 
from the offer of Professor Charles H. Chandler to give his 
services as a historian, and in October, 1907, a meeting of 
those interested in this project was held at the Library. A 
Committee was chosen to aid as might be needed, consisting 
of Caroline F. Barr, Sarah F. Lee, Frederic W. Jones, Anna 

A. Goldsmith, and Edward O. Marshall. 

It was thought most convenient for Professor Chandler to 
have his office at my house. For more than four years each 
morning he came to his task, and each hour until the twilight 
was filled with the work of a mind trained to systematic and 
patient, accurate labor. His purpose was to make the work 
largely a Genealogy of the older families of the town. This 
necessitated research and inquiries that would have discour- 
aged one less persistent and determined. He deemed the 
conclusion of the work near at hand, but while away seeking 
for final data, at Leominster, Mass.. his life ended. March 29, 
1912, while conversing with a friend he ceased speaking, and 
"was not, for God took him." 

His children, Professor Elwyn F. Chandler and Miss Edith 

B. Chandler, at once felt that they wished to ensure the com- 
pletion of the work which had become so dear to their father's 
heart. Through all these years I had been able to keep in 
touch with Professor Chandler's methods of research, and they 
asked me to finish the History as he would have done it. I 
consented to try to do this so nearly as I should be able. 
Fortunately the chapters relating to the earliest history were 
completed ; all the genealogy was outlined and many family 
records had been written in full. His children, therefore, were 
able to assist in the revision and completion of all that he 



had planned in that department. It is their wish that this 
History should be a tribute to their father's memory, and for 
its completion they have given a trained proficiency that could 
not otherwise have been available, have taken time needed by 
them for rest, and have given more than five hundred dollars 
in money. 

For the imperfections of the Index I alone am responsible. 
My only regret is that my part of the work has not been done 
in a better way. It is given to the town which has been the 
home of my lifetime with the hope that it may help to quicken 
and cherish reverence for those who laid the broad founda- 
tions on which later generations should build the structure of 
education and enterprise which has given New Ipswich its 
honored place among New England towns. 

Personal thanks are due from me to the children of Pro- 
fessor Chandler, who have done all that was possible to lighten 
my labors, to friends who have aided me by literary criticism 
and in proof-reading, and to the intelligent and helpful advice 
of the Sentinel Printing Company. 

Sarah Fiske Lee. 
New Ipswich, N. H. 




The following- page in Professor C. H. Chandler's hand 
has been found, which evidently he intended to insert in the 
preface : 

"Little more than half a century ago, by the careful and 
patient labor of two efficient sons of New Ipswich was pro- 
duced a town history, now a rare book but still mentioned 
with rare encomiums by students and lovers of local history. 
At the time of the loyal labors of Mr. Kidder and Dr. Gould 
the facilities for work like that which they so successfully ac- 
complished were far less than at the present time. Many old 
documents, then only to be found after long search, have now 
been collected and laid open to the student in convenient form ; 
the work of national surveys has given accurate measurements 
in place of the estimates formerly necessarily used; and the 
accessible volumes of family history are probably twenty 
times as numerous as those which were published prior to 

"It has therefore seemed best that a volume presenting 
the last fifty years of New Ipswich history should not be 
entirely confined to those limits, but rather that the special 
field should rest upon a second presentation of the story of 
earlier times, with such additions and amendments as the suc- 
ceeding years have made practicable. 

"In order, however, to avoid an undue extension of the 
volume it has been thought best to follow a medium course, 
abbreviating much that was fully related by the authors of 
the previous volume, and in cases where the importance of 
the topic or the close dependence of later history upon it 
makes such abbreviation undesirable, by the kindly consent 
of near representatives of the authors considerable extracts 
have been made in the language retaining its attraction for 
those who remember the former history." 




It was the original intention of Professor Charles H. 
Chandler to prepare one large map of the town, showing 
on the same map the town with its villages, and all the 
roads, houses, and former houses, and also the lot lines, and 
he personally traversed with compass in 1908 or later every 
road in the town (except a few in the northwest corner and 
west of the mountain) in making surveys for this map. There 
are doubtless some accidental errors, but it may be considered 
as in general a very excellent map ; it is probable that there 
are few portions where any distances are more than a dozen 
rods in error. 

The final drawing of all the maps was done under the 
direction of E. F. Chandler, and it was found advisable to 
make separate village maps on a larger scale ; the surveys for 
these were accordingly made by E. F. Chandler in August, 
1912, and they are in general accurate within two rods. It was 
also found that it would detract from clearness to place the 
lot lines on the town map, so their general location has been 
shown on a separate plan. 

Chapters I, II, III, IV, and V of the history had been com- 
pletely written by Professor Charles H. Chandler, and were 
finished except for such small amendments as he would have 
made in the final revision ; the material had been collected by 
him for large parts of Chapters VI to IX, but the final ar- 
rangement and writing of the greater portion of each of 
these has been done by Miss Sarah Fiske Lee. All the work 
on the history, from its first inception to its conclusion, has 
been greatly forwarded by the indefatigable efforts of Miss 
Lee ; her complete knowledge of local conditions and relations, 
her enthusiastic assistance, and her keen-eyed examination of 
every statement have been indeed indispensable. 

E. F. C. 



CHAPTER I. — The Old Country Road — Later Roads and 
Early Settlers. The Old Country Road ; New Highways ; 
the Turnpike 1-19 

CHAPTER H. — New Ipswich in Various Forms — Grants, 
Claims, Charters, and Surveys. Error in Early Grants ; the 
Massachusetts Claims, Gorges and Mason Claims ; Survey of 
State Line; the Ipswich Grant; Changing Boundaries; Early 
Settlers; Fear of Indian Invasion; John Tufton Mason; Ma- 
sonian Proprietors ; Col. Blanchard's Changes ; Masonian Char- 
ter ; Final Incorporation . 20-43 

CHAPTER III. — On the Way to Maturity — Proprietors and 
Lots. Origin of the Settlers ; First Proprietors' Meetings ; 
Assignment of Lots; Table of Lots; Proprietors' Work Ended ; 
Plan of Lots and Principal Roads 44-56 

CHAPTER IV.— The Old School-houses. First School in 1762; 
Grammar School ; Division into Districts ; Town Appropriates 
Money; First School-houses; Location of District Bounds; 
School-house Locations; Consolidation of Districts; School 
Appropriations ; Wages of Teachers ; Prudential Committee ; 
Superintending School Committee ; Statistics .... 57-72 

CHAPTER V. — The Revolutionary Period. The First Uprising; 
Roll of Men Who Went at the First Call ; Capt. Towne's Com- 
pany; Call from Gen. John Sullivan; New Hampshire's Lead- 
ership ; Praise from Gen. Washington ; Help Given to North- 
ern Army; Capt. Smith's Company; reinforcements for Ticon- 
deroga; Continental Army; Col. Heald's Detachment; Capt. 
Briant's Company; Col. Hale's Regiment; Three-Months Men; 
Equipment of Soldiers; Ephraim Adams' Resolution; Bounties 
and Pay; Depreciation of Currency; New Ipswich Tories; 
Committee of Correspondence 73-106 

CHAPTER VI. — The Civil War— 1861-65. Action of the Town ; 
Bounties for Volunteers ; First Recruits ; Record of Sixth 
Regiment ; Thirteenth Regiment at Richmond, 1865 ; Work of 
Women ; Death of President Lincoln ; Freedmen's Aid ; Prices 
during Civil War; Union League; Soldiers' Monument 107-121 



CHAPTER VII. — Ecclesiastical History. First Meeting-house; 
Seeking a Minister; Church Organized and Mr. Stephen 
Farrar Ordained; Meeting-house Completed 1770; Assign- 
ment of Pews; "Great Revival" in 1785-86; Death of Parson 
Farrar; Mr. Richard Hall Ordained; Sunday School in 1818; 
Ordination of Mr. Charles Walker; Pastorate of Rev. Samuel 
Lee; Meeting-house Remodeled; Centennial Anniversary of 
Church; Ordination of Mr. Calvin Cutler; Several Brief Pas- 
torates; Church Burned; Program of Stated Meetings; Baptist 
Church; Organized, List of Pastors; Unitarian Church; Meth- 
odist Church; Second Congregational Church . 122-136 

CHAPTER VIII. — New Ipswich Academy. Incorporation; 
Buildings; Gifts from Boston Friends; New Building; Change 
of Name; List of Preceptors; Faculty Sketches; Alumni As- 

sociation ; Present Condition 


CHAPTER IX. — Miscellanies. Manufactures; Library; Coun- 
try Club; Children's Fair; Revere Bell; Cemeteries; Stearns 
Lecture Fund; Homestead Inn; Iowa Colony; Drinking Foun- 
tain; Telegraph and telephone; Sidewalks and Street Lights; 
Post Office; Free Masons; Fire Department; Children's Oak; 
Portraits in Town Hall; Census Returns; Valuation of New 
Ipswich, 1914 144-157 




Portrait of Professor Charles Henry Chandler 

The Soldiers' Monument .... 

Group of Churches 

New Ipswich Appleton Academy . 

The Library 

Forest Hall, Residence of George R. Barrett 

Maps : 

The Old Country Road 
The Grants . 
Plan of Lots . 
New Ipswich . 
Center Village 

Bank, High Bridge, and Smith Villages 


opposite 113 

. 20 

. 55 

opposite 161 

. 162 

. 164 






AT a meeting of 

the Proprietors of 
"Upper Ashuelot," 
(now the city of 
Keene,) held at 
Concord, Massa- 
chusetts, on the 
last Wednesday 
of May, 1735, a 
committee was 
appointed to "join 
with such as the 
lower town pro- 
prietors shall ap- 
point, to search 
and find out whether the ground will admit of a convenient 
road from the two townships on Ashuelot river, down to the 
town of Townsend." On June 30, 1737. a meeting was held 
at the meeting-house frame, and "Jeremiah Hall was recom- 
pensed for his services in searching for, and laying out, a road 
to Townsend." 

x'Vt that time the Townsend grant extended farther to the 
north and west than in later years, and embraced about 800 
acres now included in the southeastern corner of New Ipswich, 
shown upon an ancient map of the town as granted by 
Massachusetts. That map shows a straight line dotted di- 
rectly across the map and bearing the explanatory note "This 
Single Prick^ line is the Clear^ way to Ashawelott." This 
line enters the town from Townsend a short distance north 
of the site of the "Wheeler tavern," runs northwesterly 


History of New Ipswich 

though the region now occupied by the Center Village, and, 
passing a little south of the position of Wilder Village, crosses 
the western line of the town a half-mile south from its 
northwestern corner. 

Without a doubt this perfectly straight road was easily 
constructed upon paper, but it is somewhat remarkable that 
the turnpike, constructed almost seventy years later, should 
have followed so nearly the early line, in no place departing 
from the route there marked greatly more than half a mile. 
But the former New Ipswich history, recalling the construc- 
tion of the turnpike, declares that "its location was as bad 
as it well could be ;" and it is not strange that the committee 
of the Keene proprietors chose a route less steeply inclined, 
even though it were somewhat more devious, as is shown on 
the small map presented above. For the road there shown, 
called in the records for many years the "main road," or in 
earlier times the "old countrey road," is tmdoubtedly a part 
of the Keene road of 1735-37, preceding the first permanent 
settler in New Ipswich by at least a year; and the preliminary 
temporary residence of two or three others, which may have 
been in the summer of 1737, may safely be said to have been 
of later date than the location of the road reported by Jere- 
miah Hall, but of course at first hardly more than a marked 
trail. The "old country road," the first token of civilization 
established within the town bounds, naturally had a great in- 
fluence in locating the sturdy pioneers in the wilderness, as 
is indicated by the positions of the homes of twenty early 
settlers placed upon the map with the belief, after careful 
examination, that they were the earliest twenty resident 
"fathers of the town." 

That the position of this road was well chosen is shown 
by its long continuance, more than three of the four miles 
of its length within the town bounds being still open for 
travel, and a considerable part of the abandoned portion ap- 
parently owing its abandonment to other causes than unwise 
location. The records show some slight changes in its loca- 
tion from time to time, but practically the present position 
of the part still open is as it was when Abijah Foster settled 
but a few rods from its faint line of communication almost 
175 years ago. The more definite course of this early high- 
way, so early that more than twenty years after its location 
the town voted "not to fell the trees on the main road 

The Old Country Road 

through the town," may be traced upon the larger map m 
this volume, and any difficulties in followmg it may be re- 
moved by reference to the following descriptive notes 

It entered the town only a little distance south of its pre- 
viously mentioned successor, the turnpike, that is a little 
siuth of the site of the house of entertainment long known 
as "Wheeler's tavern." giving to Timothy Heald, a few year 
later a desirable position for establishing his home m the 
northern part of 186 A. D. Passing on a mile toward the 
northwest' from the first half of which the road is practically 
obliterated, the home of Jonas Wodson appears -^J^J^ 
S R the present propertv of the Country Club, and but a 
short" disanc^ farth'er,'in V: 2, S. R., that of ^is early asso^ 
ciate Benjamin Hoar, now the Preston place. Crossmg the 
fer. wheie later the first bridge of the town was to be built^ 
the old road passed the place soon to be the home of Moses 
Tucker continued over the hill and then between the loca- 
Hons of the first meeting-house, denoted on the small map 
hva squire and affixed cross, and the first ^urymg-gronnd^ 
both situated in the eastern part of VTII. 1. S- R-- « ^^^^ 
house long the home of Judge Farrar. and now the summei 
es dence of Charles S. Brown. Descendmg the hil and past 
he present grounds of the Academy, the road unites, where 

H^e upon the preceding sn^aU ^^^J^-^^^ZTX^ 
^het^teTrp'rt'with the "o,d co™tty road'' ron. th - - 


°* o' XVoTtr's'df of tht broadened "conntry road." but 
not^vlry far distant fron, it, on 33, N. D., a little westward 

History of New Ipswich 

of the site of the former bank, and perhaps a little toward 
Union Hall, stood the earliest dwelling- erected in the town, 
that of Abijah Foster, and directly opposite upon the south 
side of the road was the home of Joseph Kidder, where since 
has been the dwelling of Judge Champney, and later the 
home of John Preston, Esq., and his descendants, IX: 1, S. R. 
Continued progress due westward in the broad central road 
of the early survey being here forbidden by the steep ascent. 
a southerly detour of a few rods was necessitated, the first 
part along the broad, grassy road still open in the rear of 
the Preston land, and the later return to the direct course 
on a line still traceable under favorable conditions, through 
the northern end of the small triangular wooded spot lying 
across the road from the open space north from the old "hill 
burying-ground," and south from the site of the second and 
third meeting-houses. As this open area was without doubt 
included in the "common land" left for a highway, this de- 
tour, now seeming so considerable that the location of the 
"country road" is not always recognized, did not really ex- 
tend at that place beyond the limits of the broad central 
road as surveyed. But that proposed straight highwav Vv'as 
followed by the Keene surveyor only a very short distance. 
It may, indeed, have gone directly across the later meeting- 
house site, at least until the erection of such a building caused 
travel to be carried on a little farther west. At all events, 
from very nearly that spot the road entered upon an almost 
direct northwesterly line across the lot upon which the 
meeting-house afterward was built, 37 N. D., later the prop- 
erty of Oliver Proctor; then past the site of the first dwelling 
of Isaac Appleton on the southern side and that of his 
second house, still standing and bearing over its entrance the 
figures 1756, upon the northern side, both in 41, N. D. Be- 
tween these two sites the old road crossed the line of the 
present turnpike, and from the meeting-house site to that 
point of crossing all traces of the ancient highway have dis- 
appeared. Continuing the same general northwesterly direc- 
tion it passed in 46, N. D., the future home of Reuben Kidder, 
on the east, and a little farther that of Samuel Perham, an 
employee of Mr. Kidder, upon 50. N. D., on the west. The 
remaining route, through lots 51, 52, and 56, N. D., to the 
northern line of the town is not known to have passed other 
early dwellings. The last quarter-mile or more before leaving 


The Old Country Road 

New Ipswich was not along the present Temple road, but 
by the "Todd road" diverging toward the west, now legally 
discontinued, but still clearly defined and passable. 

The effectual charter of New Ipswich, known as the 
Masonian charter, of which an account is given later in this 
volume, was issued in 1750, and in it are named thirty 
grantees, thirteen of whom are designated as being "of a 
place called New Ipswich," and their names are included in 
the twenty names presented upon the preceding small map. 
The names of two sons of one of the grantees named in the 
charter as a resident of Ipswich, Mass.. and one son of an- 
other grantee of the same town, a brother and an employee 
of one of the New Ipswich grantees, and two other early 
settlers, constitute the twenty pioneers in New Ipswich 
who, as far as careful examination determines, were resident 
in their new homes before the close of the year in which the 
charter was granted. Nine of this number made their homes 
beside the old "country road," and of the remaining eleven 
seven were apparently within a half-mile of that route. There 
can be no doubt of the determining influence of that road, 
then hardly more than a trail, upon the location of the early 
settlements in the northeastern corner of the town, and an 
examination of the records giving in order the story of later 
roads, demanded by the increasing population, presents quite 
clearly the direction and progress of advance. 

Unfortunately, whatever local records may have been made 
prior to the Masonian grant, they have entirely disappeared, 
and the lines of intercommunication between the twenty 
families which gathered in those early years can be learned 
only by inference, occasionally aided by traces of old path- 
ways by which the early pioneers, like their immediate suc- 
cessors, were prone to connect their homes, by the nearest 
or most practicable route, to the older main line of communi- 
cation with the towns and settlements above and below. But 
the later records containing references to "paths" and some- 
times ofificially legalizing highways "where the people now 
travel" suggest that the stern demands of daily life left the 
first occupants of the coming town but little time or energy 
for public labors, especially after it was found, as related in 
a later chapter, that the title by which they held their lands 
was far from secure. They might be expected to content 
themselves for a time with paths not greatly surpassing the 

History of New Ipswich 

trails of their Indian predecessors, and so the roads located 
by the most convenient footpaths from cabin to cabin, wind- 
ing deviously around the varied obstructions of the wilder- 
ness, might almost be said, like Topsy, never to have been 
made but to have "growed." 

But with the Masonian charter came an assurance that 
the work was to continue, and on June 20, 1750, only two 
months after the signing of that charter, the proprietors of 
the township voted to build a bridge "near where the former 
bridge was built," that is, at the crossing of the river by the 
"country road," and less than a year later a second bridge 
was voted "near the mills," or practically in the place now 
held by its successor below the "High Bridge." Abundant 
provision for meeting the principal obstruction to free com- 
munication between the different parts of the settled region 
having thus been made, at the same meeting in May, 1751, 
Timothy Heald, Joseph Stevens, and Reuben Kidder were 
chosen a committee to lay out and repair highways, and were 
directed "to lay out a way from the saw mill &c. up by the 
Path leading to John Brown's and also to Abijah Foster's as 
it will best accommodate both, and if said Committee thinks 
Proper to lay out a way to Archibald White's, as also to 
Aaron Kidder's." The exact position of the home of John 
Brown is uncertain, but it was in the northeastern part of 
the town, near the locality afterward long occupied by the 
family of Supply Wilson, and most probably near the site 
of an old cellar in 31, N. D., still faintly visible upon the 
east side of the Temple road a little farther north than the 
house of Ralph E. Parker. Abijah Foster must have lived 
at that time on the present site of Davis Village, 45, N. D., 
which must have made the duty of the committee to "accom- 
modate both" somewhat difficult. Archibald Wliite, upon 19, 
N. D., afterward occupied by the Prichards and later by the 
Tenneys, was in the same general region as John Brown, and 
there are indications of an early road connecting them. 
Aaron Kidder was upon XV: 1, S. R., a mile beyond Abijah 
Foster, and very probably the now long-closed road through 
XHI: 1 and XIV: 1, N. D., north of the house of George S. 
Wheeler, was located at that time. 

In obedience to instructions given at this meeting that the 
committee should "view and lay out a Road from the line of 
said township so as it will accommodate the travelling up to 


New Highways 

Peterboro and lay the same before said Proprietee at the 
next meeting," the committee a month later recommended 
action at once adopted by the meeting, and it was "Voted to 
Except the countrey Road as it is Layed out from Timothy 
Healds or the province line near his house and up by Ruben 
Kidders & to the line of Striptown or Peterborow Slip so 
called near about the road wheare people now Travil and as 
marks direct." 

At the same meeting it was voted to "lay out a road Down 
from the mills by Benjamin Hoar to the Town Road by 
Timothy Healds," which seems to be the authority for the 
present road from the Taylor house on the turnpike up 
through Bank Village to the crossing of the "country road" 
and the road to the Gibson corners. 

In the following year, 1753, a desire for nearer relation 
to the neighbors at the west was manifested by a vote "to 
lay out a way through our town to Rowly Canada line;" and 
a year later it was "Voted to turn the road that goes to 
Rowly Canada through Oliver Proctor's lot to the road that 
was formerly laid out and travelled in." As no record of the 
position of the "former road" has been found, it is perhaps 
a fair inference that the removal of a portion of the road to 
Rowley Canada (Rindge) from Oliver Proctor's lot, 37, N. D., 
located it in the broad road extending due west before men- 
tioned as shown on the map of the Massachusetts grant, and 
still plainly existent from the Center Village to Davis Village, 
and that it continued on the road provided for Aaron Kidder 
two years earlier, and thence through the uninhabited wilder- 
ness, over the mountain between the Barrett and Pratt peaks 
practically as shown upon the map. This road can be traced 
with difficulty through the thick undergrowth, but the dwell- 
ings upon it farther west than the Ephraim Adams farm, 
61, N. D., have been very few. 

On November 24, 1754, the proprietors by a single vote 
accepted four miles of road or more, probably including many 
short roads and "paths" previously used, but having no legal 
existence as highways. This long and devious thoroughfare 
commenced in 1 : 3, S. R., upon the "country road" about 
one-fourth of a mile after its entrance from that part of the 
Townsend grant which had become Mason, and extending to 
the north and west, passed the house of Ebenezer Bullard in 
1 : 2, S. R., and of Joseph Bullard in H : 2. S. R.. through H : 


History of New Ipswich 

1, S. R., not yet the home of Moses Tucker, still resident on 
the "country road," and through III: 1, S. R., to Chandler's 
mills in IV: 1, S. R., immediately below the site of the pres- 
ent factory below the High Bridge. Thence the road con- 
tinued northwesterly a little north of the present position of 
the road, and entered upon the route to be occupied a half- 
century later by the turnpike a short distance eastward of 
the position of the present bridge across Kidder or Saw Mill 
Brook. From that point the road has remained practically 
unchanged in position, through lots 21, 25, 29, 30, 31, and 32, 
N. D., to the Temple town line, passing the homes of Ephraim 
and Benjamin Adams, Jonathan Stevens and John Brown. 

The year 1755 saw the birth of several new highways, 
testifying to a considerable advance of the populated region 
toward the south and the west, two of which are here given 
in detail. The first of these extended from the northeast 
corner of the lot of Zachariah Adams, X : 3, S. R., past the 
house of Abijah Foster, who had built his third residence 
on IX : 2, S. R., the present residence of Walter S. Thayer 
being across the road from its site, and continued on an 
easterly course not very distant from the present road to the 
Congregational church, although that later road is much more 
nearly straight than the ancient highway, four sections, to- 
gether constituting more than half its length, having been 
moved northerly or southerly in some places as much as 
twenty rods. The early road passed the site of the coming 
church near the present southern limit of the common, and 
ended in "the road that goes out of the Country road to the 
dwelling house of Benjamin Safford," which was thirty rods 
or more south from the church site. The road designated as 
going from the "country road" is now obliterated for a con- 
siderable part of its length, but is still known as "Safford 
lane." The cellar of Zachariah Adams, still remaining in a 
pasture rapidly becoming forest, is shown upon the map. 

The second new road, apparently accepted very largely in 
anticipation of expected new residents, began "at the South 
of lot Number 187, at the head of the road that goes from 
said lot to the east line of said Township." Lot 187, as also 
Nos. 44, 29 (or 2), 28, and 24, through which the road from 
the east township line passes, lie in "New Laid Out" range 
of lots, and there appears no record of residence in any of 
those southeastern lots at as early a date as that action. 

New Highways 

Perhaps, however, the travel to and from Townsend, then 
holding the position of a connecting link with the older set- 
tlements, may have called for the new road to "the old meeting 
house hill so called" eastward from the site of the present 
Academy. From 187, ere long to be occupied by Col. Thomas 
Heald, and later by the Estabrooks tavern and by Job Davis 
and his son John U. in succession, the new road passed 
through lots 12 and 1, N. L. O., then the property of Samuel 
Whittemore, to the "south side of Jesse Fletcher's house 
said house standing on lott No. 4 in the 5th range," long 
after the farm of Dr. Stillman Gibson, then turned toward 
the north, and in VI : 4, S. R., crossed the North Branch of 
the Souhegan at a point still marked by remaining stone- 
work of a bridge, passed, in VI : 3, S. R., the place soon to 
be known as the home of Peletiah Whittemore, later the sum- 
mer home of Dr. F. W. Jones, in VII : 3, S. R., the future 
site of the home of the Shattucks, the Farwells, and the Wil- 
lards in succession, and finally along the western line of VII : 
2 and VII: 1, S. R., passing the house of Benjamin SaiTord 
and ending at the "country road," having in its progress legal- 
ized as a highway "Safford lane," mentioned in the record 
two months earlier, but then probably a private way. 

In the same year a road was accepted "beginning at the 
Country Road neare the Bridges by Joseph Kidder's meddow 
so on the Comon land to lott No. 29, N. D.," that is, referring 
to present conditions, from, the bridge between the Baptist 
church and the Soldiers' Monument eastward past the Dr. 
Preston house, afterward that of Seth King. Thence the road 
continued as at present across the turnpike, "over the saw- 
mill Brook and on as marks direct into the road that from 
mr. Jonathan Stevens to the mills and so in that road to said 
Stevens house" (26, N. D., later owned by Mark Farrar, and 
at present by A. E. Jowders). The road thence passed on 
the south side of the Stevens house to lot 22, N. D., where 
it passed on the north of the Benjamin Knowlton — later the 
Chickering — house and northerly across the corner of lot 23, 
N. D., the future home of Capt. Ezra Towne, to 19, N. D., 
the home of Archibald White. 

In 1756 a road was accepted "from Abba Severons to the 
North end of Zachariah Adams' Lot," but the location of 
the beginning of that road is not quite definite. Abba Sev- 
erance had a lot in the northeasterly part of the town, but 

History of New Ipswich 

the lot named in the road record must have been in "New 
Laid Out" range, probably lot 64, since the road ran northerly 
through the lot of David Nevins, XI : 4, S. R., and, as it can 
now be seen, along the eastern end of the south burying- 
ground, which was not established until twenty years later. 
Having crossed the river a short distance north of the present 
burying-ground, it continued its northerly course nearly upon 
the line between the tenth and eleventh south ranges for 
almost half a mile, and then turning eastward across X : 3, 
S. R., it soon connected with the road to Abijah Foster's, 
and seemed about to become a principal highway. But its 
route is now entirely obliterated, except its first quarter-mile, 
which is perhaps still the road to the farm so long owned 
by William Wheeler and his sons, and the brief extent be- 
side the burying-ground, which was longer retained in use 
by the later opening of another road extending in a more 
westerly direction than the first road, past the "Spaulding 
house" on XI : 3, S. R., a short distance to the west, and, 
at the northeast corner of the lot of Robert Crosby, later 
the "Fox farm," XII : 3, S. R., uniting with a road, accepted 
in 1759, along the eastern side of XII : 2, S. R., then the 
property of Amos Taylor, but afterward for many years 
known as the "Bucknam farm." A road from Amos Taylor's 
had been accepted at about the same date as the one from 
Abba Severance's, running easterly across XI: 1, S. R., and 
northerly along the east side of the same lot to a point on 
the broad central line of the town before mentioned about 
a quarter-mile west from the meeting-house, then in process 
of construction. This road was long known as the "malt- 
house road," and the cellar of the malt-house still remains 
on the east side of its namesake thoroughfare and a quarter- 
mile south from the central road. The "malt-house road" is 
still easily followed, but only the part lying on the west side 
of the road from Davis Village is now open. The three 
roads together for a considerable period furnished the favorite 
route to the meeting-house for the residents in the south- 
western part of the town. Apparently there were two or 
more dwellings on this road south of Amos Taylor's, but the 
names of the residents do not appear. 

In 1757 money was voted to make a road between Zacha- 
riah Adams's and Thomas Adams's, and as a bridge was nec- 
essary upon this way it may be inferred that the residence 


New Highways 

of this latter Adams was on the southern side of the North 
Branch of the river. Probably this road through the greater 
part of its length was the road to Smith Village over "Apple- 
ton Hill," in nearly its position until its improvement fifty 
years ago by removal a little way toward the east. 

At the meeting in 1757, however, the needs of other than 
the newer portion of the township were considered, as a new 
road, now nearly if not quite obliterated, was recorded ex- 
tending from the road accepted two years before between 
Jonathan Stevens and Benjamin Knowlton, northerly to the 
central part of 27, N. D., a lot now long vacated, but then 
the home of Benjamin Proctor; and also another road be- 
ginning at the road between Benjamin Adams's, 25, N. D., 
(now Reed Tenney's,) and Jonathan Stevens's, 26, N. D., (now 
A. E. Jowders's,) extending westward to Benjamin King's, 34, 
N. D., (now H. Rafeuse's,) thence westerly and southerly to 
the mill upon "Saw Mill Brook," and south through Oliver 
Proctor's lot, 37, N. D., to the "country road." The follow- 
ing condition affixed to the acceptance of that road brings 
into clear recognition one difference between those days and 
this age of automobiles: "The road from the mill brook to 
Oliver Proctor's house and to the main road shall be a bridle 
road free from any incumbrance of the sd. Proctor's except 
good gates which are to be built and maintained at his cost 
except the outside gate next y® main road which is to be 
built by the Prop'^ and maintained by said Proctor." 

The highways of the town seem to have been but slightly 
extended during 1758, but the records present the acceptance 
of two short roads ; the first from the home of Abba Severance, 
then resident in 14, N. D., for many years the "Mansfield farm," 
through 18, N. D., owned by Peter Fletcher, to the house of 
Benjamin Knowlton, on 24, N. D., thus nearly completing 
the present "back Greenville road" to the town line ; and a 
short road now traced with considerable difficulty, irom the 
home of Benjamin King, 34, N. D., to the southwesterly cor- 
ner of Joseph Stevens's lot, 35, N. D. 

Three roads of 1759 in as many different sections show the 
steady progress during that year. The first extended from 
Ebenezer Heald's in III: 4, S. R., northerly "to y« Main 
Road." Indications of several cellars remain on or near its 
line, but the road has now practically disappeared, as also 
the probably older road of which no record appears, half a 


History of New Ipswich 

mile or more in length, running southerly from Ebenezer 
Heald's to Col. Thomas Heald's, 187, N. L. O., on the "South 
Road" located two years earlier, as previously stated. 

A second road of 1759 continued the "South Road" a mile 
farther westward, from the home of Simeon Fletcher, who 
had succeeded Peter Fletcher, resident upon V : 4, S. R., in 
1755, past the farm perhaps already owned by John Brooks, 
but since Revolutionary days occupied by successive genera- 
tions of the Goen family, to Smith Village, which, however, 
it did not enter as at present near the bridge, but farther 
southward, where since 1838 the Smithville school-house has 
stood. The third road of that year shows the advance of 
the line of settlements toward the western part of the town 
by the provision for a road, still traceable, between the lots 
of Thomas Fletcher, 45, N. D., and Ichabod Howe. 49, N. D., 
to the "country road a little south of Reuben Kidder's dwell- 
ing," and at its southern end connecting with the Rindge 
road of five or six years' earlier establishment. A portion of 
the southern Rindge road also took its place as a road from 
Thomas Adams's house, one of the very few then on the 
present site of Smithville, to the home of Simeon Hildreth 
on XII : 4, S. R., later the "Chandler farm." 

The records of 1760 and 1761 show few new roads, but 
one should perhaps be mentioned from the home of Simeon 
Gould, 40, N. D., through the Joseph Stevens lot, 35, N. D., 
for many later years the "Wilson farm." to the "road to the 
meeting house" along the eastern side of Stevens's lot. Dur- 
ing the earlier period of Mr. Gould's residence, probably quite 
brief, it may be assumed that the route of his Sunday travel 
was along the still remaining path extending southerly 
through 43, N. D., the home of his brother Nathaniel, and 38, 
N. D., ten years later the home of Francis Appleton. and 
thence probably on or near the line of the road, the northern 
half-mile of which is now unused, to the mill road, already 
three or four years old. 

In 1762 the settlement of Nathaniel Carlton upon the farm 
long the home of Phineas Pratt and later of Amos J. Proctor, 
XIV: 2, S. R., called for the road, still in constant use, ex- 
tending westerly and northerly from the Carlton home and 
joining the Rindge road at a point a little westward from the 
old school-house of the "North District," No. 7, serving for 
many years as a poultry-house on the farm of George S. 


New Highways 

Wheeler ; and the progress of settlement in that part of the 
town is further evidenced by the record, less than a year 
later, of roads from the home of Isaac Howe to those of two 
of his neighbors on this frontier line, William Spear and 
Thomas Brown. Air. Howe was the predecessor of Samuel 
C. Wheeler in the possession of 57, N. D., living in the 
wooden house, or at least on the same site, occupied by Mr. 
Wheeler until his erection of a brick dwelling a little northerly 
on the turnpike. William Spear's lot was the next to Mr. 
Howe's on the west, 61, N. D. His house long ago vanished. 
and the road by which it was approached can be followed 
only by careful search. The position of Thomas Brown is 
not quite certain, as the name is recorded as that of an early 
resident of 58, N. D., the nearest lot to that of Mr. Howe 
upon his north, and also in the same manner, on a different 
record, as living upon 70, N. D., a half-mile farther toward 
the west. It seems probable that he first settled upon the 
more distant lot, removing later to the more eastern one. 
If so, no successor chose the more elevated residence, while 
the nearly unbroken line of dwellers in the somewhat more 
accessible location testifies to its more desirable character and 
makes the assumed removal probable. But the road upon 
which Mr. Howe would have sought lot 70 would have taken 
him through lot 58. and is clearly evident through its full 
extent, although entirely impassable after crossing the turn- 
pike ; a new road leaving the turnpike some distance farther 
west than the old road now offers somewhat easier access 
to the house on 58, in later years known as the "Gilson 
house," which is now at the end of the road. For many 
years the road there divided, one branch extending to the 
"old country road," a quarter-mile north of Reuben Kidder's, 
and the other to lot 70, as above stated, but midway thither 
sending off a branch meeting the north line of the town at 
a point near the common corner of Temple and Sharon. That 
the farther of the two lots was the home of Mr. Brown at 
the time now considered is made more probable by the record 
of acceptance, two years later, of a "Bridle Road Beginning 
at the southwest corner of Josiah Walton's lot thence on the 
west line of Josiah Brown's lott to the Road from Thomas 
Browns Down to Isaac How's." The value of those roads 
in the early days is indicated by a vote passed eight years 
later to "Except the Road from Ringe by Josiah Browns to 


History of New Ipswich 

Edmund Briants," evidently composed of both the roads just 
mentioned as diverging from lot 58, and also nearly three 
miles of road now nearly or quite unused, but in early days 
passing the homes of Timothy Stearns, 151, A. D.. Henry 
Fletcher, 152, A. D., David Rumrill, 138, A. D., and others, 
and leaving the town three-fourths of a mile south from its 
northwest corner. 

In 1764 a road was accepted from the north line of the 
town past the house of Capt. Joseph Parker in 44, N. D., 
afterward the site of the New Ipswich Water Cure, to the 
home of Simeon Gould in 40, N. D., where it joined the 
earlier road to the embryonic Center Village. There are 
quite clear indications that before this new road was opened 
there had been a primitive thoroughfare from northern lo- 
calities which passed by Simeon Gould's and was probably 
continuous with the southerly path previously mentioned as 
passing the Francis Appleton house. Very possibly the tra- 
ditions of the youthful matrons of Temple who were accus- 
tomed to come, in equestrian style of those days, to the 
Sunday services of New Ipswich, antedating those of their 
later settled homes, may have survived in recollections of the 
passage through that woodland path. At the same meeting 
was accepted a road commencing at the road "from Dor- 
chester Canada" (now Ashburnham) a little north of the 
house of Hezekiah Corey on 79, A. D., and extending south- 
westerly to the house of Joel Crosby on 81, A. D., the lo- 
cation of which is still preserved by the remaining traces 
of a cellar upon the west side of the old road, now barely 
passable at that point, which leads from Smith Village to 
the old "Breed farms," 80. A. D., now owned by Frederic 
and Willis Mansfield, and 82, A. D., at the end of the road, 
long the home of the retired seaman, Samuel Chandler. 

By action taken in 1765 and somewhat modified in 1767 
and 1770, provision was made for the convenience of a sec- 
tion of the town near the southern line, along which settle- 
ment was apparently advancing at that date, but in which 
the means of intercommunication seem in most places to 
have been private roads not yet legalized by the town. The 
various votes of that period of adjustment located two roads; 
first, a part of the present southern road to Rindge, extend- 
ing from the eastern side of XII : 4, S. R., then the home of 
Lieut. Stephen Adams, Jr., and later the property of Roger 


New Highways 

Chandler and his descendants, through a corner of XIII : 4, 
S. R., then the home of Col. Joseph Parker, and onward 
through the land of Simeon Wright, 98, N. L. O., later the 
home of Roger Ryan, John Nutting, and Almon A. Hill in 
succession, to a point somewhat west of the summit of Binney 
Hill, 100, N. L. O., where were then the homes of John 
Walker and Oliver Wright. From that point it would seem 
that a passable way, private or accepted by the town, may 
be assumed as offering passage to the "Governor's Road," 
extending from "Governor's Hill," as the western side of 
Binney Hill was termed, across the state line at lot 86. 
A. D. 

The second road of that location and period diverged 
southerly from the first road just given near the line be- 
tween XI : 4 and XII : 4, S. R., passed just west of the barn 
of Samuel Parker, whose home was on XI : 4, where a cellar, 
now entirely evident, probably marks the place of his resi- 
dence, through the land of Simeon Hildreth, a part of XII : 
4. whence the traces of his cellar were removed more than 
fifty years ago, to the home of Dea. James Chandler on the 
summit of "Page Hill," XIII : 2, N. L. O., thence through the 
farms of Jesse and Abraham Carlton, 85, A. D., later the 
Stone farm, and that of Stephen Adams, Sr., 84, A. D.. for 
many years the Blanchard farm, and finally reached the 
lot of John Wheeler, 86, A. D., at or near the state line. 
where in due time union was made with the "Governor's 
Road" before mentioned. The part of that road lying north 
of Dea. Chandler's has long been discontinued, having been 
replaced by the road ascending Page Hill from Smith Vil- 
lage more directly, but the old way is easily followed through 
most of its extent. The more southern portion of the road 
was subjected to frequent minor changes of position in early 
years, but the road practically the same still continues to 
do the duty for which it was designed. 

In 1768 it was voted "to open the Road through m'". 
Joseph Kidder's Land to accomodate the South East Treavil 
to the Meeting House" and also through Benjamin .Safford's 
land to his barn ; that is the half-mile of road known in the 
former history as Main or Barrett street. 

In 1770 the facility of communication between the north- 
ern and southern lines of farms advancing toward the moun- 
tain line at the west was much increased by a road from the 


History of New Ipswich 

road between XIV: 2 and XV: 2, S. R., built for the ac- 
commodation of Nathaniel Carlton eight years before, to the 
region soon to be the home of Stephen Hildreth, if he had not 
already arrived ; there seems to have been some practicable 
route not definitely recorded between his home, XIV : 2, S. R., 
and the road to Binney Hill. 

At this date the greater part of the town had acquired 
so complete a network of streets, including no small number 
concerning the origin of which no record has been found, 
that a further continuance of the record of the creation of 
additional thoroughfares does not seem expedient, as it will 
not throw sufficient additional light upon the progress of 
the town. Occasionally, however, a record of later date 
seems to have relations that ought not to pass unnoticed. 

In 1771 the "bridle road" toward Rindge extending from 
Simeon Wright's to John Walker's was made an "Open Road" 
and continued to Rindge line, passing, by an old route noAV 
traceable through the woodland with considerable difficulty, 
a short distance south of Binney Pond and on to the Rindge 
line not more than forty rods farther north than the present 
road past the ruins of the old school-house of the union 
New Ipswich and Rindge district. A branch from that road 
not far west from Binney Pond turned northerly to lot 106, 
N. L. O., the home of "Capt. James Preston," later of Richard 
Wheeler. The last quarter-mile of that road is located with- 
out difficulty. 

In 1775 a road from the house of Aaron Chamberlain, 
(now of I. E. Aldrich,) 56, N. L. O., to the road from Smith 
Village to the Breed farms was accepted. Doubtless that 
was the more northerly of the two roads which might be 
thus described, that is the one meeting the Breed road at 
the old "Collins house," 60, N. L. O., now closed. The south- 
erly road meeting the Breed road near the Breed house on 
80, A. D., then occupied by Daniel Ramsdell, was voted in 
1843. The road easterly from the Chamberlain house to the 
Ashburnham road was not voted until 1832, the only high- 
way to that farm before that date being the one first pre- 
sented above under the date of 1775. 

In 1780 the road was accepted from Col. Thomas Heald's 
house upon 187, N. L. O., later the Estabrooks tavern, south- 
erly to Abel Hildreth's on the Ashby line, 68, A. D. 


The Turnpike 

In 1816 the demand for a more direct route from the 
eastern part of the town to the Congregational church re- 
cently erected on the spot now held by its successor was 
satisfied by the construction of the road from the hill west 
of the farmhouse of Benjamin Champney to the church. 

In 1817 the present road ascending Page Hill from a 
point upon the Rindge road about one-fourth of a mile 
southerly from Smith Village and meeting the old road be- 
tween the Joseph Warren house and that of Stillman Gib- 
son, previously the property of Dea. Joseph Chandler, on 
XIII : 2, N. L. O.. was accepted. The southerly branch 
road to the house of Jeremiah Prichard, since for a long time 
known as the "William Wheeler farm," was made at the same 

In 1828 the river road from the High Bridge to the Mason 
(now Greenville) town line was constructed, and in 1836 the 
road extending southeasterly from the Congregational church 
and meeting the road from the Bank Village to Dr. Stillman 
Gibson's at "the whirlpool." 

That part of the Rindge road passing just westerl}- of 
Smith Village which lies farther north than the shop built 
by Charles Taylor, but now owned by Hughes, was built in 
1847, and the southern portion three years later. 

In 1853 the road from the western part of the Bank Vil- 
lage to a point on the turnpike about midway between the 
Center Village and the High Bridge was built through VI: 1, 
S. R., and also the road from the northern end of Gibson 
Village to the "Willard house" near the center of VII : 3. 
where it connects with the old road of 1755 running past 
that house. 

The record of the prominent roads of the town would 
be far from complete if the story of the turnpike, following 
approximately the line appearing earliest upon maps of New 
Ipswich, were omitted. Although that enterprise, designed 
for public convenience and private emolument, long ago met 
the fate of similar projects elsewhere, it really for a time 
was a noteworthy element in the activities of the town, and 
it seems strange to those who can recall the middle of the 
preceding century that members of the younger generation 
hardly know accurately what its name means, or that it ever 
was anything more than a street of the Center Village. But 
this promising highway, entering New Ipswich at the Wheeler 


History of New Ipswich 

tavern in 5, A. D., and leaving it near the northwest corner 
of the town, was a noted route for rapid travel a century 
ago, and still more valued by the owners of the four- or 
six-horse wagons which in those days conveyed the farmer's 
crops to market, and the desired goods, bought in the same 
lower country towns, on the return trip. But the turnpike and 
the four rather noted taverns scattered along the nine miles of 
its length within the town, elements in the circulatory system 
of those earlier days, have no place in the age of railroads 
and have disappeared. 

The story of the turnpike, written by one who clearly 
remembered the days of its activity, is here copied from the 
former history of the town. 

"At the very commencement of the century the 'Third 
New Hampshire Turnpike' was projected. It was very 
strongly opposed by those in the westerly part of the town 
through whose lands it was to pass, and who wished to have 
it take a more southerly route, and gave rise to some riotous 
proceedings by no means creditable to those concerned. One 
party sustained the contractors in breaking through the lands, 
while another did what they could, by threats and annoy- 
ances, to drive off the working party. Ploughs, shovels, and 
other implements were carried oiT or mutilated, and not a 
few bruised heads and lawsuits resulted. 

"The turnpike was fifty miles long, extending from 
Townsend to Walpole. Its location was as bad as it could 
well be, and was laid out on the idea that the most direct 
course was both the shortest and the most expeditious ; hence 
there was the tugging directly over the summit of steep 
hills, when it would have been as near to go round them on 
nearly level ground. The contract for constructing it was 
chiefly taken by Col. Bellows of Walpole, assisted by Squire 
Hartwell and others ; and sections of it were undertaken in 
this town by Seth Wheeler and Maj. Adams. It proved an 
unprofitable enterprise. It cost about $50,000. divided into 
shares of $200. A very small dividend was declared for a 
few years ; but in 1813 the stock had depreciated so much 
that it sold for twelve dollars a share ; and about the year 
1819, for some small sum, which was raised by voluntary sub- 
scription, it was made a free road and adopted by the town. 
The toll-gates were placed, one at the foot of the hills in 
Mason, and the other near where the Rindge road turns ofif 


The Turnpike 

above the Flat Mountain, The people above this latter gate, 
however, did not choose to pay toll for coming to the village, 
and therefore cut a road around it. Travellers and teams 
soon learned to avail themselves of the same loophole, and 
the directors found it more judicious to allow the citizens 
and their neighbors to travel two or three miles free, and 
catch those who travelled long distances ; so the gate was 
removed westward to near the borders of the town." 






AOCO Original I'eporhJ a^■mm^. 

EFGHJH. AmanJcJ gronf 

-"^--^ LMNO StconJ <)fant. 

f7 npHE early his- 
/ -^ tory of New 
England shows 
that many a 
town, when it 
first lawfully 
received a dis- 
tinctive appel- 
lation, was of 
far too broad 
extent for a per- 
manent unity 
oof feeling i n 
local matters, 
and so with passing years 
it became expedient to 
recognize the more or less 
divergent desires of different sections, and to make such divi- 
sions as would permit local differences and yet retain harmo- 
nious action upon broader common interests. Such were 
many of the early New England units. But New Ipswich 
had no such experience ; it was never a part of an earlier town, 
nor did it witness the birth of a younger town in its own area. 
It might, therefore, seem that its form must have been 
ever the same, and that no such rather complicated figure 
as is presented in the margin could have a place in its his- 
tory. But this graphic presentation gives no suggestion of 
the division by some stress within a larger unit ; the causes 
of the varying boundaries must be sought at a distance. 
Space cannot be taken here for a full discussion of the vary- 
ing interests which had a part in the decision of the loca- 
tion and conditions of New Ipswich, and without doubt some 
threads in the tangled web of causes and effects left no 
clearly formed, intelligible figures in the result. 


Errors in Early Grants 

But perhaps a brief presentation of two of the more po- 
tent causes of the tardy determination of the town bound- 
aries will satisfy the general reader. These causes were, 
first, the general ignorance of the English authorities in re- 
lation to the immense American areas under their rule, and 
second, the long continued hostility between the parties of 
the Puritan and the Cavalier. 

The permanence of the first of those causes is suggested 
by a map of the New England region published as late as 
1768 in an atlas evidently prepared for the use of the upper 
classes in England, as its price was six guineas, in which 
the name "New Ipswich" was applied to the southern part 
of Winchendon, Mass., previously known as "Ipswich Can- 
ada," while the true New Ipswich, which at that time had 
been an incorporated town for six years, was shown, as on 
an older map of 1748, as a square designated by the words, 
"To Ipswich," which was so misplaced by a rotation of 
twenty-five degrees that its southern and eastern sides crossed 
the state line, thus locating one-twentieth of the area of the 
town, at its southeastern corner, in Massachusetts. But this 
was a very insignificant error in comparison with those of 
the early grants, apparently sometimes the result of care- 
lessness, but more frequently due to a more or less defined 
belief that the American rivers flowing into the Atlantic 
necessarily flowed approximately parallel from the western 
region, so that grants of land might conveniently be bounded 
by these streams and by lines running westwardly from their 
headwaters to the Pacific Ocean, the distance to that body 
of water being entirely unsuspected. Evidently any consid- 
erable deviation of the rivers from their assumed parallel di- 
rections must superimpose two or more grants and present 
for decision very difficult problems of ownership. The case 
of New Ipswich presented difficulties due in part to a care- 
less overlapping of grants, but in part also to the unwarranted 
assumption concerning the lines of river courses, both the 
errors of "the Council established at Plynioiith in the County 
of Devon, for the Planting, Ruling, Ordering and Governing 
of New England in America" in whose charter granted by 
King James I, November 3, 1620, the territory included in the 
grant was defined as "lying and being in breadth from Fort}' 
Degrees of Northerly Latitude from the Equinoctial Line to 
the Forty Eighth Degree of the said Northerly Latitude, in- 


History of New Ipswich 

clusively, and in length of and within all the breadth afore- 
said throughout all the Main Lands from Sea to Sea." 

Two grants made by that "Council of Plymouth" demand 
attention in considering the troubles of the settlers in New 
Ipswich more than a century afterward, although later ac- 
tion of King Charles I and also of King William and Queen 
Mary complicated the question to some extent. On August 
10, 1662, the Council granted to Sir Ferdinando Gorges and 
Capt. John Mason, both members of the Council and the one 
first named its president, 

all that part of the main land in New England lying upon the sea-coast 
betwixt y^ rivers of Merrimack and Sagadahock, and to the furthest 
heads of the said rivers, and soe forwards up into the land westward 
until three-score miles be finished from y" first entrance of the afore- 
said rivers, and half way over; that is to say, to the midst of the said 
two rivers w*^"* bounds and limitts the lands aforesaid together with all 
the islands and isletts within five leagues distance of y* premises and 
abutting upon y" same or any part or parcell thereof. 

Later grants to the same parties apparently cover the same 
ground in part, but confirm the center line of the Merrimack 
river as the southern boundary. 

But upon March 19, 1627/8, the Council granted to ''Sir 
Henry Roswell, Sir John Young, Knights, Thomas Soitthcott, John 
Humphreys, John Endicott, and Simon Whetcombe" 

all that part of New England in America aforesaid, which lyes and ex- 
tends between a great River there, commonly called Monomack alias 
Merrimack, and a certain other River there called Charles River, being 
in a bottom of a certain Bay there commonly called Massachusetts, alias 
Mattachusetts, alias Massatusetts Bay, and also all and singular those 
Lands and Hereditaments whatsoever, lying and being within the space 
of three English Miles on the South part of the said Charles River, or of 
any and every Part thereof; and also all and singular the Lands and He- 
reditaments whatsoever, lying and being within the space of three English 
Miles to the Southward of the southernmost part of said Bay called 
the Massachusetts, alias Mattachusetts, alias Massatusetts Bay; and also 
all those Lands and Hereditaments whatsoever which lye and be within 
the space of three English Miles to the Northward of the said River 
called Monomack, alias Merrimack, or to the Northward of any and 
every part thereof, and all Lands and Hereditaments whatsoever lying 
within the limits aforesaid North and South in Latitude, and in Breadth, 
and in Length, and longitude, of and within all the breadth aforesaid 
throughout the Main Lands there, from the Atlantick and Western Sea 
and Ocean on the East part to the South Sea on the West part, and 
all Lands and Grounds, Place and Places, Soil, Woods and Wood- 
Grounds, Havens, Ports, Rivers, Waters, Fishing and Hereditaments 


The Massachusetts Claim 

whatsoever, lying within the said bounds and limits, and every part 
and parcell thereof. 

A year later this grant was confirmed by King Charles I, 
who at the same time constituted the grantees and others 
who had been admitted during the year as their associates, a 
corporation bearing the title "The Governor and Company 
of the Massachusetts Bay in New England." 

Obviously the strip of land three miles in width along 
the northern bank of the Merrimack River which was in- 
cluded in both of those grants was certain to cause trouble 
sooner or later ; but the unrecognized fact that the river flowed 
in a southerly direction instead of toward the east until within 
about thirty miles of the sea was still more threatening, as 
it was uncertain which grant included the large extent of 
land lying westerly from that part of the Merrimack above 
the point of change in its direction. While the doubtful ter- 
ritory remained inhabited only by Indians and hunters no 
practical questions demanded solution, and the location of 
the "furthest head" of the river from which, according to 
Gorges and Mason's grant, the bounds were to extend "soe 
forwards up into the land westward," was left unsettled, al- 
though the claims of each party were known. Massachusetts 
claimed the three-mile strip on the eastern side of the river 
nearly to Lake Winnipisaukee, where, as was claimed, the 
river was formed by the union of two smaller streams, while 
New Hampshire asserted that the name had never been rightly 
applied to the stream above the farthest incoming of the salt 
water at high tide, which was near Haverhill, Mass. 

For many years there was no appeal to English authority; 
but had the attention of the home powers been invoked there 
seems little doubt that there would have been a clear division 
along the party lines so sharply drawn in the middle of the 
seventeenth century, the Royal-Episcopalian sentiment favor- 
ing Gorges and Mason, and the dissenting element which 
brought the Commonwealth into power their fellow-partisans 
in Massachusetts. At all events it is a striking coincidence 
that 1653, the year in which Cromwell turned the key behind 
the Long Parliament, also saw the name of Governor John 
Endicott cut upon a rock, afterward covered by the rising 
waters of Lake Winnipisaukee, as establishing the north- 
eastern corner of Massachusetts. 


History of New Ipswich 

The Gorges and Mason claim was divided at an early 
date, the doubtful section being taken by Mason, but neither 
he nor those to whonii later the Masonian claim was as- 
signed thought it advisable to enter upon a vigorous contest. 
But about 1725 settlers began to multiply on the disputed 
region by virtue of grants from Alassachusetts, which was 
not at all averse to securing that possession which so often 
proves to be "nine points of the law," and an era of pro- 
tests, committees, and commissions ensued, with a final refer- 
ence to the King, George II, who on March 5, 1739/40, 
decided that the river should be followed only as far as its 
course was from the west, and in determining the point of 
departure from the river, he gave New Hampshire a strip 
fourteen miles in width which she had not claimed, including 
of course New Ipswich, in which the only settlers were 
Abijah Foster with wife and daughter and probably infant 
son Ebenezer in their new home near the spot to be afterward 
occupied by Union Hall. Perhaps Jonas Woolson had re- 
turned from his winter sojourn in Littleton, Mass., and may 
have been at work preparing a home for his future wife where 
now stands the home of the Country Club, or he may have 
been in company with Benjamin Hoar, who had come with 
similar purpose to the next lot toward the river. 

Immediately after the decision of the king, Jonathan 
Belcher, governor-in-chief over both provinces, sought a joint 
survey of the common state line from the designated point, 
three miles north from Pawtucket Falls, due west to the 
Hudson River. New Hampshire at once assented, but for 
some reason the Massachusetts authorities delayed action, 
and on March 24, 1740/1, Surveyor Richard Hazzen with 
chainmen and other suitable assistants entered upon that duty, 
which he completed seventeen days later. A few lines from 
his private journal are here quoted which show the changes 
in town boundaries made necessary by the establishment of 
the new line, that the line might not divide any town. 

In the Course from the point where I first Set out the Line Cros* 
through part of Dracutt and Nottingham, and leaves but a small part 
of Dracutt Northerly of it; but, the Greatest part of Nottingham, the 
Greatest part of Dunstable falls on the Northerly side and but a Small 
part of Groton, and Townsend ; the Greatest part of the Towns of New 
Ipswich Rowley Cannada & Sylvester, fall Northerly of the line, by 
the best Information I can gett : the Greatest part of Winchester if 


The Ipswich Grant 

not all falls on the Northerly Side, and a third part of the lands of 
Northfeild, if not more, tho but Two Houses Only: There are many 
other Towns further North which were beyond my observation laid out 
& peopled by the Massachusetts Bay. 

The result of the conditions which have been considered 
upon the formation of New Ipswich may now be presented 
in more definite form, and perhaps the motive of the initial 
step can be stated no better than in the words of the early 
American historian, Dr. William Douglass, quoted in the for- 
mer history of the town as follows : "About the middle of the 
last century, the General Assembly of Massachusetts was in 
the humor of distributing the property of much vacant or 
Province land ; perhaps in good policy and forethought, to 
secure to the Massachusetts people, by possession, the property 
of part of some controverted lands," .... "Our Assem- 
bly, at that time, were in such a hurry to appropriate vacant 
lands, that several old towns were encouraged to petition for an 
additional new township ; and when they were satiated, the As- 
sembly introduced others, by way of bounty to the descend- 
ants of the soldiers in the Indian War of King Philip, so 
called, (1675,) and these were called Narragansett toivnships; 
and others to the soldiers in Sir William Phipps' expedition 
into Canada, (1690,) which were called Canada toivnships." 

Many of those grants were made in 1735/6, and on Janu- 
ary 15 of that year New Ipswich was granted to petitioners 
largely from Ipswich, Mass., whence the name of the new 
social unit, not yet a town, although later events destroyed 
the original predominance of settlers from Ipswich and neigh- 
boring towns. The grant was made in the following terms : 


Jany 15th, 1735-36. In the House of Representatives. 

In answer to the Petition of John Wainwright and John Choat 
Esqr. Representatives of the town of Ipswich, In behalf of sundry in- 
habitants of sd town. Voted that the prayer be granted and that John 
Wainwright and John Choat Esqrs, with such as shall be joyned by 
the Honorable board be a committee at the charge of the Grantees 
and such of the Inhabitants as they shall think proper, to lay out a 
township of six miles square in some of the unappropriated lands of 
the Province and that they return a plat thereof to this court within 
twelve months for confirmation, and that for the more effectual bringing 
forward the settlement of the sd new town ; Ordered that the said 
town be laid out into sixty-three equal shares, one of which to be for 
the first settled minister, one for the ministry and one for the school, 


History of New Ipswich 

and that on each of the other sixty shares, the Grantees do within 
three years after the confirmation of the plan settle one good family 
who shall have a house built on his home lot of eighteen feet square 
and seven feet stud at the least, and finished; that each right or Grantee 
have six acres of Land brought to and plowed or brought to English 
Grass and fitted for mowing, that they settle a learned and orthodox 
minister and build a convenient Meeting house for the public worship 
of God, and that said committee take bond of each Settler of forty pounds 
for his complying with the conditions of settlement, and that each settler 
that shall fail of performing the aforesaid conditions shall forfeit his 
share or right in the new town to the Government and the same to be 
disposed of as they shall see cause. 

In Council read and concurred and Thomas Berry, Esqr. is joined 
with the committee in the said affair. 

Consented to, J. BELCHER. 

In accordance with the above action a township six miles 
square was soon after laid out by Surveyor Jonas Houghton 
of Ipswich, and the plot, a mere outline, was returned to the 
General Court for approval. In the record of action thereon 
it is described as "bordering Southerly on a township laid 
out to Tileston and others, Canada Soldiers, and adjoyning 
to the town of Townsend," but apparently the word "adjoyn- 
ing" was not to be taken literally, as it was voted that it 
"be accepted as it is reformed by the pricked lines as within 
set forth so as it adjoyns to Townsend," showing that, as was 
often the case in the early township surveys, such land was 
chosen as seemed most desirable to the grantees with little 
consideration whether the strips lying between the new town- 
ship and its nearest neighbors were sufficient for the forma- 
tion of other new townships in due time. In this case, how- 
ever, the General Court deemed it advisable to leave no such 
intermediate space, and so removed the new township nearly 
four miles eastward, at the same time changing its form 
from a square to a figure not far removed from a rhomboid 
in order that it might conform to the western line of Towns- 
end, then considerably larger than in later years. 

The embryonic New Ipswich is represented in the initial 
diagram of this chapter by the square ABCD, and its figure 
after legal birth by EFGHJK. The exact position of the square 
is somewhat uncertain, but probably it included a little more 
than one-half of the present New Ipswich, its eastern bound- 
ary line passing a little eastward of the summit of Kidder 
Mountain, thence southerly just east of Davis Village and 
through the site of Smith Village, and crossing the state 


The Changing Boundaries 

line in the region long known as the "Breed farms," lots 80, 
82, A. D., it located the southeastern corner, C, in Ashby, a 
few rods south of the state line. The other corners were 
situated approximately as follows : The northwestern cor- 
ner, A, in Jaifrey, a mile northward from Squantum Village; 
the northeastern corner, B, in Temple, south of Temple 
Mountain, but a mile eastward from Spofford Gap; and 
the southwestern corner, D, near the point where the state 
line crosses the eastern side of Monomonac Pond. 

According to the plat of Surveyor Houghton the direc- 
tion of the western side of the square was N. 12° E., but as 
at that date the western variation of the needle was not far 
from ten degrees, the deviation of the southern line from a 
true east and west direction must have been about two de- 
grees, which agrees with later determinations as nearly as 
could be expected. 

The accepted position of the town after its removal to 
the east between its prolonged northern and southern bound- 
aries is less uncertain than that of the square, but the existing 
early records are not such as can give great accuracy. That 
its northwestern corner, E, was in Sharon, and about three- 
fourths of a mile southerly from the site of the present brick 
schoolhouse ; the northeastern corner, F, in the southwestern 
corner of Wilton, near the Temple line ; the southeastern cor- 
ner, H, a few rods beyond the Massachusetts line, and nearly 
south from the site of the "George Ramsdell house" east of 
Whittemore Hill, on 70, A. D. ; and the southwestern corner, 
/, about three-fourth of a mile west of the present south- 
western corner near the Rindge turnpike, is nearly correct. 

The records of the Massachusetts Proprietors are not 
known to be in existence, and the details of the work of the 
early years is very imperfectly known. It is evident, however, 
that the conditions in respect to improvement of shares within 
three years were by no means fulfilled, probably to a great 
extent because the title to the lands soon became understood 
to be very uncertain. The most valuable of the early papers 
which have been found is perhaps the map mentioned on the 
first page of chapter one. It bears no date, but the words 
"Province Line on this Side" written a little way beyond 
the northern line of the township show that it antedated 
Hazzen's survey of 1740-1 ; and the abbreviated name of some 
tree at nearly every lot corner indicates that the survey was 


History of New Ipswich 

made while yet the entire town was practically a wilderness. 
Only 128 lots are designated upon the map, those included 
in the North Division and the South Ranges, comprising a 
block four miles square. The positions of the streams, as 
given on this early map, make it certain that the lots are 
identical with those bearing the same numbers on later maps, 
but by some error, probably of a draughtsman who constructed 
the map from the notes of the surveyor without visiting the 
land himself, the portion of the township there represented 
is made its southeast corner, and a now somewhat indistinct 
line of writing seems to declare it to border on Dorchester 
Canada, located where now are Ashburnham and Ashby. 
Without doubt those lots numbered in the earliest survey 
should have been represented one mile from^ the southern line 
of the town, thus leaving a strip not divided into lots one 
mile in width along the north line of the town, as well as the 
south line. The boundaries of the lots were naturally laid 
out parallel to the township lines, and hence there were no 
rectangular lots, a condition continuing to the present day 
to the great discomfiture of surveyors seeking boundaries de- 
pendent upon early lot lines, an inconvenience greatly in- 
creased by a small angle in the Townsend line, necessarily 
transferred to the New Ipswich line and thence to the approx- 
imately north and south boundaries of lots throughout the en- 
tire block now considered, and containing about one-half the 
area of the town. It may be here added that the later division 
of the remaining half was so made as to give additional 
variety to the angles, and to make reference to ancient land- 
marks still more difficult. 

But despite the serious defects mentioned, that ancient 
map is very valuable, if for no other reason than its presenta- 
tion of the names of those owning the lots settled in the 
early days of the town, there being only four lots of the 
entire number in the sixteen square miles the ownership of 
which is not designated. But it is somewhat surprising to 
find how few are the names continuing from "Old Ipswich" 
far into the history of New Ipswich. It is not certain that 
even one of the sixty-one lot-owners whose names are borne 
upon that early map became a resident in the town, although 
apparently William Brown, the owner of lot 30, N. D., after- 
ward long the home of his son Ebenezer, probably came to 
New Ipswich about 1763 and remained several years. Thomas 


The Earl\' Settlers 

Dennis, owner of lot 57, N. D.. appears as owner of the same 
lot in 1750, but he resided in town very briefly, if at all. 
Thomas Adams and Isaac Appleton, however, earnestly con- 
tinued their interest in the town, were the two largest land- 
owners at the time of its second birth, and although neither 
of them changed his own residence to New Ipswich, their 
sons, Benjamin and Ephraim Adams and Isaac and Francis 
Appleton, were among the prominent citizens of their genera- 
tion. No descendants of any of the four Ipswich grantees 
here mentioned have continued one of these family names 
in town to the present time, although it is by no means im- 
probable that some of the later settlers bearing the names 
Foster. Howe, Knowlton, Potter, Safford, Smith, Start, or 
Warren, may have descended from kinsmen of the early lot- 
owners. But a considerable amount of careful search has 
failed to disclose any lines of direct descent. 

Two conditions joined to cause such a change, so unusual 
in New England history. Those early settlers were by no 
means fickle and impetuous men, expecting, like many who 
have in later years left New England for the West, to acquire 
wealth in only a few years, and in default of such success 
ready to remove again. In a large majority of cases they 
were earnest, deliberate workers, planning to secure by 
sturdy, continued effort, a comfortable home in which they 
might rear children like themselves among whom, in the home 
they planned to make, they might pass their later years. Such 
plans do not change for nought, nor from sudden impulse. 
But in the case of New Ipswich and other towns granted by 
Massachusetts at about the same date, in the southwestern 
portion of New Hampshire, a special potent condition had 
a place. The claim of John Mason, presented earlier in this 
chapter, at the time now under consideration more than a 
hundred years old. and in the hands of John Tufton Mason, 
sixth in the line of descent from its original owner, was so 
long neglected during the time of special strength in English 
councils of the dissenting party that apparently it was al- 
most forgotten, and after the English Restoration its possible 
value found recognition very slowly. But at about the time 
of the rapid creation of Massachusetts townships in the dis- 
puted territory, perhaps indeed caused by that forward move- 
ment, the ancient claim became more real in public thought. 
with a resulting delay on the part of grantees to enter upon 


History of New Ipswich 

their distant possessions and a sad loss of enthusiasm on 
the part of those who had entered upon the work of wresting 
from the wilderness a home which, after all the faithful labor, 
might not be theirs. And when immediately after the first 
three or four little spots had been opened beside the old 
"country road" the surveyor ran the line which so clearly 
might utterly invalidate all their claims, it is not surprising 
that enthusiasm weakened and the advance nearly ceased. 
Still a few settlers came from various places ; Jonas Woolson 
from Watertown in some way succeeded to the lots of Mark 
Howe, an Ipswich grantee. Benjamin Hoar from Littleton 
secured the lots of Robert Potter, another Ipswich grantee, 
but made his home on the "country road" near the home of 
Jonas Woolson, Joseph Stevens from Townsend instead of 
Jeremiah Smith, and so on until there may have been a 
dozen or more dwellings in the eastern part of the town. 
But in 1748 the second adverse condition appeared. Hitherto 
the settlers had seen little of the Indians, and no trouble in 
this respect had -been experienced, nor at this time did the 
Indians enter New Ipswich. But they came with hostile pur- 
pose altogether too near the few isolated houses of the little 
settlement to make it seem expedient for the families to 
remain thus exposed. A party of about eighty Indians burned 
the house of John Fitch near the southern line of Ashby. and 
carried him with his wife and children to Canada, where they 
were held prisoners for several months. The inhabitants of 
New Ipswich with a single exception fled to a blockhouse at 
Townsend, where they remained several weeks, until they 
learned that the Indians had passed the Connecticut River 
on their way to Canada. The one resident who refused to 
abandon his home was Capt. Moses Tucker, who had won 
his title in previous contest with the Indians and disdained 
a retreat. The meeting-house which, in accordance with the 
conditions of the grant, had been built on the north side of 
the "country road," midway between that road and the sum- 
mit of the hill just east from the present Academy, was burned 
during their absence. 

It cannot be denied that the prospect of a long continu- 
ance for that little group of families, dAvelling in a few cleared 
openings in the wilderness scattered over an area perhaps 
two by three miles in extent, was by no means hopeful. The 
details of the condition are practically unknown. Probably 


John Tufton Alason 

no official records were made within the settlement — the 
methods of life were too primitive to require them ; the greater 
part of the Proprietors were still resident in Ipswich, Mass., 
where Thomas Norton, a graduate from Harvard College, was 
their clerk and treasurer, and undoubtedly kept a record of 
the Proprietors' meetings ; but very few facts concerning their 
activities are now known. Some light is thrown upon the 
early activities of the settlement by a later petition signed 
by twenty-eight of the sixty-one grantees or their successors, 
who in 1767 asked of the General Court compensation for 
their losses caused by the failure of the title which they had 
received from the Court, and relying upon which they had 
"built a Meeting House, a saw mill, Bridges, &c, besides Ex- 
pending a great deal on their Several Rights." 

However, ere long the fathers of the town, who with their 
wives and children could not have far exceeded one hundred 
in number, found a way by which they might "out of the 
nettle danger pluck the flower safety," but the presentation 
of that process demands the recall of John Tufton Mason, 
before mentioned, who in 1746 was thirty-three years of age 
and was a captain stationed at Louisburg. Apparently the 
founding of towns and similar activities were not his chosen 
avocation, and he desired that he might, for a due considera- 
tion, transfer his title to the government of the Province, a 
change which he believed would be "Expedient to the Well- 
fare of the Inhabitants." But failing to effect such transfer, 
apparently, in part at least, by reason of an Entail in John 
Mason's will, he proceeded, according to a letter believed to 
have been written by George Jaffrey, afterward clerk of the 
purchasers, to John Tomlinson, to dispose of it as stated in 
that letter below : 

In June 1746 Cap* Mason at his own Expence had a Common 
Recovery pass'd at y^ court of Common Pleas to dock y* Entail of his 
Ancestor's Will, and being determin'd to make Sale of his Right in 
New Hampshire which descended to him by that will he generously 
offered to Sell it to People of New Hampshire before any others, from 
a just Apprehension of y* pernicious Consequence the Selling it to our 
friendly Neighbors would be to all y" Inhabitants within a short time 
after y* Process of y" Common Recovery was Compleated Cap* Mason 
offered to make Sale of his Said Right to Gentlemen whom he know 
were Friends to the Prosperity of this Province or nearly related to 
Such & none refused to purchase of him, and of those Persons I 
believe every man in a political or private Capacity Sollicited the mem- 


History of New Ipswich 

hers of y* Assembly to Comply with your Agreement with Mason. 
Cap* Mason being then under Order to repair to his Post at Louis- 
bourg in a few days, hasten'd y"' Coming to a Conclusion of the Sale in 
his Right, and a meeting was proposed at his Request to agree with him 
upon the affait, & when met it was proposed to defer y*" matter, to 
See if y* Assembly who were then Sitting would not comply with y^ 
Agreement but Cap* Mason considered y" length of time Since it first 
lay before them and more than a month since y^ Common Recovery 
pass'd to dock y* entail, and y^ disdainfull usage his personal Applica- 
tions met with from y^ Assembly that he was then Resolved to have 
no further communication with them upon y* affair so nothing further 
could be offered upon that head — there were twelve of ye purchasers 
present and it was proposed that you should have a part equal to any 
of y* purchasers and Cap* Mason reserved and equal part for you and 
an equal part Designed for Jn" Rindge and the Sum in Consideration 
of y* Sale was by halfe as much more than you agreed with Mason for 
y*" Government, then the Form of a Deed was y* Subject of Considera- 
tion Coir Atkinson was to have ^,^5 conveyed to him one for himselfe 
& two of w*^*" intended to be reconvey to Mason one of w*^" he designed 
for you another for himselfe M H. W — th -15 his own and for Jn° 
Rindge then a minor — the other ten part to y*" Persons named. 

The plan sketched in that letter was carried into effect 
upon July 30, 1746, the consideration named being- £1500, for 
which sum John Tufton Mason conveyed the broad expanse 
of country with western boundary still somewhat uncertain, 
but including- many settlements from whose inhabitants the 
establishment of the northern line of Massachusetts had taken 
all legal title to the farms upon which they had labored, to 
new owners afterward known as the "Masonian Proprietors." 
The twelve purchasers named in the deed were "Theodore 
Atkinson, Richard Wibird, John Moffatt, Mark Hunking 
Wentworth. Samuel Moore, Jotham Adiorne jun"" & Joshua 
Peirce Esqrs. Nathaniel Meserve. George Jaffrey jun"" & John 
Wentworth jim'" Gentlemen all of Portsmouth aforesaid & 
Thomas Wallingford of Summerworth in said Province Esq"" 
Sz Thomas Packer of Greenland in y** Province aforesaid 
Esq""," but in fulfilment of the arrangement with Messrs. At- 
kinson and Wentworth at the time of the purchase. John 
Tufton Mason, John Tomlinson, and John Rindge were soon 
added to the numbers, and before action was taken in resj^ect 
to New Ipswich the list was further lengthened by the names 
of Samuel Solley, Clement March. Matthew T^ivermore, Wil- 
liam Parker, and Joseph Blanchard, the last three being given 
membership in return for legal assistance and advice. Daniel 
Peirce and Mary Moore succeeded to the place of Samuel 


The Masonian Proprietors 

Moore, and since Solley and March together had but one right, 
and the same ownership appears between Tomlinson and Ma- 
son, the power holding the fate of the town contained only 
eighteen units, although bearing twenty-one names on its roll. 
It may reasonably be inferred that the renewed assertion 
of the Masonian claim, and the sale of the land to an able 
and influential body of proprietors, who could not be expected 
to release to the former owners the land they had thus legally 
acquired, caused the Ipswich proprietors to think that their 
own entire loss was unavoidable unless the vigorous denials 
made in some quarters of the legality of certain steps in the 
claim and procedure should produce in some way a more 
favorable outlook, and so they remained quiet awaiting re- 
sults until the methods of the Masonian Proprietors awakened 
a new hope. The first act of the new owners was to release 
by a quitclaim all title which they might have to sixteen towns 
in the eastern part of New Hampshire included in the Mason- 
ian claim, even though Massachusetts had won the disputed 
region westward from the Merrimac, and they then also 
adopted a liberal and conciliatory policy to any Massachusetts 
grants whose inhabitants acknowledged their changed condi- 
tion and desired to retain the lands and improvements in- 
dividually held by them. For some reason, which perhaps the 
lost records would make evident. New Ipswich seems to have 
been inactive in the matter, the first movement being revealed 
by the record of a meeting which escaped the general fate 
of other records. 

At a Legal Meeting of the Prop'' of New-Ipswich at the Dwelling 
House of Joseph Newhall in Ipswich on Tuesday the 14th of February 
A D 1748— 

Cor Thomas Berry Moderator — 

Voted That CoP Daniel Appleton Col" John Choate & Col° Thomas 
Berry be a Committee fully Authoriz'd & Impower'd in the Name & 
Behalf of the Proprietors to Treat with the late Grantees of Mason's 
Grant so call'd, or with Col" Joseph Blanchard or both as they shall 
see meet respecting their Supposed Title to s^ New Ipswich and to make 
a full & final Agreement and Settlement of any Differences or Disputes 
that are between y* s* Grantees of s* Mason & y* s'' New Ipswich 
Prop" relating to y" Title & Settlement thereof ; and what they, or 
either two of them do on the premisses to be Binding to the Proprietors. 
.\nd if they Apprehend it not best to Agree, then to Report to the 
Prop" (as soon as may be) what may be best further to be done. 

Tho. Norton Pro Cler. 


History of New Ipswich 

Joseph Blanchard, named in the vote at Ipswich, had acted 
as agent of the Masonian Proprietors in the settlements with 
various neighboring towns, and the case of New Ipswich was 
put into his hands. The following letter written by him to 
that body is instructive. 


Coll" Choat & Coir Appleton a Com'^^ On Behalf of New Ipswich 
has bin With me Treating Ab' your title to that township And are 
disposed to Accom'odate Matters if they Can the lines of the town may 
be Continued, nea the Same, & you will See by their plan 120 Lotts 
are Lay'd out & Drawn they Request to hold them lotts as Lay'd out 
and their Town Lines to Stand, of. Which the northeast Corner ; I must 
take off, I Expect it will Intersect and Cut off ab* 8 Lotts, it Should 
Shut Home to the province line & in Liew of What I take off on y" 
East made up as per a plan I Send you the Seasonable & Effectuall 
forwarding the Settlem' they Are Willing to. But they are not Willing 
to Comply with the quantity to be Reserved therefore I have for that 
Article in Special Referred to your detemination. And to have them 
Easyly dealt with & their being Accom'odated, in the best way will 
be very pleasing to y' Hum' Ser* 

J. Blanchard. 
Dunstable March 3^ — 1748 

As may be seen, the foregoing meeting was just before 
the Indian fright which so nearly depopulated New Ipswich 
for some weeks, and probably delayed negotiations for a longer 
period; but they were certainly resumed and on June 16, 1749, 
the Masonian Proprietors authorized Joseph Blanchard to 
lay out several towns, among which were No. 1, (Mason,) 
No. 2, (Wilton,) and also "the lands lying between Peter- 
borough on y^ north the said new Towns on y^ East and 
so far South as to leave a Town on Square lines joining y^ 
Province line of Six miles Square in and adjoyning to New 
Ipswich and to Extend westerly even with y** west line of 
Peterborough." But this description in some way was greatly 
modified, and nearly a year later Joseph Blanchard, present- 
ing that vote as his authority, issued the Masonian Charter 
making the town only about five-sixths as large as the "six 
miles square" specified therein. Neither was its form a square, 
as the descriptive term "on square lines joining the Province 
line" would certainly indicate. Nor was its change from that 
form made in order to conform to the oblique angles of the 
Massachusetts survey and thus retain unmutilated the first 
lots, as desired by the inhabitants who had improved them. 


Colonel Blanchard's Changes 

But the "old Townsend line" inclining northeasterly was re- 
placed in the eastern town boundary by a line inclining north- 
westerly to about the same degree, and crossing the former 
line two miles or more from the Province line, which cut from 
the northeastern part of the town eight entire lots and a part 
of eight others, together amounting to more than 800 acres 
and including the present site of the village of Greenville, and 
added at the southeastern corner a triangular area of some- 
what smaller dimensions. 

Apparently the change was made to the advantage of 
Mason, Wilton, and "Peterborough Slip," (now Temple and 
Sharon.) authorized by the same vote as New Ipswich, and 
it is also probable that the southern line of Peterborough was 
found to be nearer the Province line than had been anticipated, 
thus leaving scanty room for "Peterborough Slip" between 
Peterborough and New Ipswich, if the latter town should be 
allowed its original dimensions of six miles from north to 
south. There can be no doubt that it was supposed that the 
block of lots comprising the North Division and the South 
Ranges could be left unchanged, except those now forming 
a part of the town of Greenville, and that there remained an 
undivided strip one mile in width between the original lots 
and the Province line. The square town authorized by the 
Masonian Proprietors would have included a like strip one 
mile in width along the northern side of the town but north 
of the retained block of lots. This strip Blanchard made a 
part of "Peterborough Slip." The former historian of New 
Ipswich writes as follows concerning the unexplained change : 

When we consider his non-compliance with these conditions, and the 
injurious change made in this township, both by curtailment of its ter- 
ritory and change of its location, we cannot but surmise some fraud 
or injustice on the part of Col. Blanchard, as well as a strange disregard 
to their rights and interests on the part of the grantees. We do not 
learn, however, of any misgivings at that time. On the contrary, both 
the contracting parties seem to have been satisfied ; as is evinced on the 
part of the Masonian Proprietors by their giving Col. Blanchard a 
right in the township with themselves ; and on the part of the grantees 
by the liberal compensation they voted for his service. 

It perhaps, however, may justly be considered that the 
grant of a township right made by the Masonian Proprietors 
to Col. Blanchard was really made at the expense of the 
grantees, as it added the land held by this eighteenth right to 


History of New Ipswich 

the number otherwise to be reserved by the grantors, and 
the g-rantees were in no position to refuse compliance with 
whatever terms the representative of the Proprietors saw fit 
to ofifer. One of the honored sons of New Ipswich whose 
views receive weight from his official position, the younger 
Judge Timothy Farrar, left in an interleaved copy of the for- 
mer history a review of those early transactions, from which 
the following estimate is copied: — 

Such was the state of things when the town came within the juris- 
diction of New Hampshire, and the land within the claim of the owners 
of the Masonian patent. Their true policy and their practice was to 
quiet all possessions and all active claimants, so as to raise no interested 
body of opponents to their absolute title, and enable them to appropriate 
quietly all the ungranted lands. They obviously intended to pursue the 
same course here. But their agent, Col. Blanchard, was a land surveyor 
and speculator, and he found the simple-hearted young men, who had 
taken up and improved their lands, were only anxious to retain their 
possessions, and the non-resident Massachusetts Proprietors, having 
neither residence nor possession, were passive in their position. He 
therefore undertook to make a speculation for himself and his principals 
by regranting the township contrary to his instructions. In doing this 
he satisfied such of the Massachusetts Proprietors as either by them- 
selves or their proxies came forward, made grants to such new friends 
as he wished, reserved eighteen full rights to himself and his employers, 
and changed the location and curtailed the limits to suit their interests. 

A letter of Col. Blanchard to the Masonian Proprietors 
and their reply are given below, as casting some light upon 
the spirit prompting their action. Apparently the original 
plan was to reserve for the Grantors one-half of each town- 
ship, to be held without payment of taxes of any kind, await- 
ing the so-termed "unearned increment" of the present day 
which would arise from the labor of the grantee owners of 
the remaining half, and only the refusal of the grantees forced 
their acceptance of from sixteen to twenty shares out of an 
entire number in each town of from sixty to eighty. Evi- 
dently there was a line beyond which the proposed "alarm" 
was not efifectual. 

The venerable Society of Mason Hall — 

Gentlemen — 

In pursuance of your desire I have proceeded to measure the Lands 
directed to make Setlement on, and find enough for five townships : 
have not time to transmitt you a plan but shall Send it next week T 
have Wrote to the Prop" Clerk of Groton and the Prop" Clerk of 
townshend, Intimating y* Authority you gave me. Particularly that at 


Colonel Blanchard's Changes 

my Discretion I was to Admitt Inhabitants, and if they inclined to 
Setle I should Accommodate them as far as I Could in faithfuUness to 
my trust provided I had their Answer in twenty days to the Same 
purpose I have Wrote Coll° Berry one of y" Principal Prop", of New 
Ipswich & to Severall of the Prop" of Rowley Canada desireing them 
to Communicate it to their prop" Desireing a positive Answer — This 
has Sufficiently Allarm'd the vicinity, And Application has already been 
made for twice the Quantity of Land you left with me to Dispose of 
All the Inhabitants of New Ipswich And Rowley Canada (both of which 
fall within my Diocess) have Applyed to be Continued As Setlers under 
Your Conditions And many others of y*" Prop" of each town, I ap- 
prehend I Shall Quietly Succeed, unless Coll Berry be Poutey & Sullen 
on Behalf of New Ipswich, Which Since I have entered upon it Desire 
under your directions my Liberty may be Continued to Setle with him, 
or Any Others that Shall be Obstinate: I can readily Compound that 
the Eighteen Shares proposed As Owners to Draw one third of Each 
town Clere, have proposed to Equalize the towns Quantity for Quality, 
And the Setlers to Draw lotts which towns to fall into, a Sufficient 
Sum of money Advanced on entrance to pay the Charge of Survey 
Roads a Meetinghouse and for preaching the first Six months to begin 
the Setlement next June at furthest if peace In Six months from Draw- 
ing their Lotts to have Housen built and Inhabit there, and so to make 
a progressive Improvement for four years Stating a Certain Quantity 
for each year & for them by Indenture to your Lordships on failure 
at any time of any part to Surrender the Whole under a Sufficient 
Penalty : by the Same Indenture to pay by the Setlers all town Charges, 
untill Your lotts are Improved and so fait them to become Chargable 
According to the Incombe; In Case a Lawsute Should Arise from Other 
Claimers you to be at that Charge, (which I had not your Speciall 
Authority for) excepting that your Quitclaim to be their title with 
Severall Other Contingent Articles of Duty on their part which all 
who have Applyed readily Concur with — if this be not Acceptable or 
anything further Occurrs to your minds for my Direction you may Write 
by Cap' Goflfe & may be Assured of my faithful Complyance I have 
Likewise proposed An Injunction that they Joyn with the non Setlers 
in Applying to the Gov"" & Council for an Incorporation And as soon 
As I have Answer from the Massachusetts Claimers Shall fill up the 
lists of y* Severell Towns — 

The Writings I am not Capable of forming, shall depend on them 
being done at Portsmouth. — The Prop" of Souheegun West, Since I 
was at Portsmouth have Divided their Com'ons & I hear bid Defiance 
to your Title, if no Notice be taken of them I apprehend it will have 
An ill effect p'haps create you a Squable with many other towns, and 
your Setting up your Bristles early might put an end to it. (but as 
to y* you know best what to do.) I have Nothing to add but Wish 
you Success in the Aflfairs before you And rest Y"" Hum' Ser* at 
Com'and Joseph Blanchard 

Dunstable Nov' 30" 1748. 

To the Hon' Theodore Atkinson Esq' moderator &c please to 
Com'unicate the aforewritten Y'' ut Supra J B 


History of New Ipswich 

Portsm" Dec' 3^ 1748 

S' We have both your letters before us as to that of y" 30'" of the 
last month for which we are obliged we greatly approve of your Scheme 
& y^ Progress you have made and hereby give you full Power of agreeing 
with any Person of note that can be Serviceable in Secureing y'' Peace 
& Quiet of the Settlers either in new Ipswich of other Town as to 
Souhegan West if they should be troublesome they can expect no favour 
from this Society and we shall soon prosecute Some of the foremost in 
the Opposition which if you think proper please to inform them of 
and let us know the men as to our bearing the Charge of a lawsuit 
in contesting mason's Right we set out upon that footing at first & 
in Case any Suit is Commenced we expect to pay that cost, we are now 
finishing the Grant of the Town above souhegan & think that a vote 
of the Proprietors at a Regular meeting better than any other Con- 
veyance you will see our's to Cap* Goffe & Associates with the particular 
Reservations & Articles — this is the Method prescribed by y*" Gentlemen 
of y" law and is the most Customary & familiar way for such Proprieties 
to Act in — I am in behalfe & at y" Request of y" Society y' purchased 
mason's Right y' very Hum"' Serv* 

Theodore Atkinson. 

P. S. with respect to y" affairs of Cohas between Goffe & Dunkin & 
y" Proprietors it is referred entirely to your adjustment & Settlement 
as you think is just the Society desire to see you as Soon as possibly 
you can leave your private afifairs and bring all y"" Plans you can procure 
that will give any insight to their Concerns — Gofife has offered but one 
third but we think one halfe for y^ Proprietors y""' ut Supra 

T Atkinson 

To Joseph Blanchard Esqur at Dunstable 

Copy Examined & Geo : Jaffrey jur Prop" CI 

It may be believed that the process of adjustment and 
agreement progressed rather slowly between the Masonian 
Proprietors and the would-be Proprietors of New Ipswich; 
but a little more than two years later each party seems to 
have concluded that the probability of further concessions by 
the other would not justify further delay and the second birth 
of New Ipswich took form in 


Province of ^ Pursuant to the Power & Authority Granted & Vested 
New Hampshire^ in me by the Proprietors of Lands purchased of John 
Tufton Mason Esp' in the Province of New Hamp- 
shire aforesaid by their Vote the 16*" of June 1749, passed at their 
Meeting held at Portsmouth in said Province — 

I Do by these Presents give & grant unto Reuben Kidder, Archible 
White, Jonas Woolson, Abijah Foster, John Brown, Benj" Hoar jun"' 
Timothy Heald, Joseph Kidder, Joseph Bullard, Ebenezer Bullard, Joseph 
Stevens, Henry Pudney, John Chandler all of a place called New Ipswich, 
Hannah Dinsmore, Peter Powers, Daniel Emerson, David Nevens, all of 


The Masonian Charter 

Holies, Zaccheus Lovewell, Joseph French, both of Dunstable, & all in 
the Province of New Hampshire, Jon" Hubbard, John Stevens Esq"' of 
Townshend, Isaac Appleton, Thomas Adams, Robert Choat, William 
Brown, Nathaniel Smith, Col° John Choat, Francis Choat, Thomas 
Dennis all of Ipswich, Andrew Spaulding of Westford, Isaac Patch of 
Groton, William Peters of Medfield, John Marsh of Mendon, & Benj" 
Hoar of Littletown. To them, their Heirs & Assigns, on the Terms 
Conditions, Reservations & Limitations, & in the Respective Proportions, 
hereafter expressed, all the Right, Title, Interest & Property of the 
Grantors aforesaid, of, in & to that Tract of Land, or Township lying 
in the Province of New Hampshire aforesaid Extending Six Miles in 
length, & five Miles in Breadth bounded as followeth, beginning at the 
line between the Province of New Hampshire aforesaid and the Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay at the Southwest Corner of the Township 
call'd No. 1, from thence North Eighty Degrees West Six Miles to the 
South East Corner of the Township called South Manadnock or Manad- 
nock Number one, from thence North by the Needle five Miles to the 
North East Corner of said South Manadnock, from thence South Eighty 
Deg' East by the Line of Peterborough Slip, Six Miles to the North 
West Corner of No one, & from thence South five Miles to the Bounds 
first Mentioned. To have and to hold to them, their Heirs & Assigns 
Excepting as aforesaid, & on the following Terms & Conditions with 
the Reservations aforesaid, the Lots already laid out, & the several Pro- 
portions of Common Land, yet to be divided out to each one as followeth, 
[The assignment of lots to the individual grantees here follows in 
the charter, but will be given later in a tabular form more convenient 
for reference.] That is to say that Eighteen full & Equal Shares in said 
Town in the following Manner viz' Thirty Six Lots of Eighty Acres 
each already Laid out & Eighteen Shares in the after Divisions to be 
drawn for in some Equitable Manner, that is to say two Lots of Seventy 
Acres each for each Share to be reserved for the Use of the Grantors, 
their Heirs & Assigns forever, & the Like Number of Lots & Quantity 
of Land for each Share of each Grantee holding in the after Division, 
& the Remainder besides what is before Granted to be to the Use of 
the Grantees — that the Division of the two Seventy acres Lots for each 
Share be laid out, & Equitably Coupled together & drawn for in some 
open Equitable Manner at or before the last day of August 1751, and 
that the aforesaid Eighteen Shares reserved as aforesaid for the Grantors 
be Exonerated, acquitted & fully Exempt from paying any Charge towards 
making a Settlement, & not held to the Conditions of the other Shares 
respecting a Settlement nor liable to any Tax or Assessment or Charge, 
until improved by the owners or some one holding under them Respec- 
tively, that the Grantees at their own Expence make Settlement, be ai 
the Charge of dividing the whole of the Lands, Clearing & making 
feacible Roads & that all the Lots in said Town be Subject to have all 
necessary Roads lay'd through them as there shall be Occasion free from 
Charge, that the Grantees according to the Number of their Shares or 
Lots herein after named make Settlement in the following Manner viz* 
that within two Years from this Date on each Settling Lot or Share 
there be three Acres of Land Cleared & fitted for Mowing or Ploughing 
& have a Comfortable Dwelling House, the Room to be at least Sixteen 


History of New Ipswich 

feet Square, & a Family or some Person dwelling in each House, & 
that within five Years from this Date there be nine Acres more cleared 
inclosed & fitted for Mowing or Tillage on some Lot to each Settling 
Right as aforesaid, that the Grantees to make Settlement, & the Number 
of each be as foUoweth viz* Reuben Kidder to make Settlement on 
three Shares or Rights, Archible White, Jonas Woolson, Abijah Foster, 
John Brown, on one Share each, Benjamin Hoar Jun'' on two Shares, 
Timothy on one Share, Joseph Kidder on one Share, Joseph Bullard one, 
Ebenezer Bullard one, Joseph Stevens one, Henry Putney one, John 
Chandler one, Hannah Dinsmore two, Peter Powers one, David Nevens 
one, Jonathan Hubbard one, John Stevens one, Isaac Appleton Six, 
Thomas Adams five, Robert Choat one, William Brown one, Nathaniel 
Smith two, Francis Choat one, Thomas Dennis one, Andrew Spaulding 
one, Isaac Patch one, William Peters one, John Marsh one, & Benjamin 
Hoar two in manner as aforesaid. — That each of the Grantees at the 
Executing of this Instrument, pay fourteen Pounds Cash old tenor, to 
pay the Charges risen and Ariseing in said Township, to be Deposited 
in the hands of some Person chosen by them for that Purpose — 

That a Convenient Meeting House be Built in said Township, within 
Seven Years from this Date as near the Center of said Town, and at 
such place as the Major part of the Interest of Grantors and Grantees 
shall Determine by a Major Vote in publick Proprietors Meeting called 
for that Purpose, Giving forty days Notice of such Meeting, and ten 
Acres of Land reserved there for publick Use — That the aforesaid 
Grantees or their Assigns assess such further Sum or Sums of Money 
in equal Proportion to each Grantees Interest, Exclusive of the publick 
Lots as shall be Necessary for Compleating any of the publick Articles 
aforesaid, & for such further Payment of any Sum or Sums that shall 
by the said Grantees or their Assigns be raised for hireing Preaching, 
or settling & Support of the Minister there and on Failure of Payment 
for the Space of three Months for the Space of three Months after such 
Tax is agreed upon & Posted up at such Place or Places as the Proprie- 
tors, the Grantees aforesaid, or their Assigns shall appoint for calling 
Proprietors Meetings, that so much of such Delinquents Right be Dis- 
posed of as will pay such Tax or Assessment & all Charges arising 

That all White Pine Trees fit for his Majesties Use for Masting 
his Royal Navy Growing on said Land be and hereby are Granted to 
his Majesty his Heirs & Successors for ever, and in Case any of the 
s" Grantees or their Assigns, shall neglect or refuse to perform any of 
the Articles, Matters and Things aforementioned by him respectively 
to be done he shall forfeit his Share & whole Right in said Township 
& every part thereof to those of the said Grantees or their immediate 
Assigns that shall have Complyed with the Conditions on their parts 
herein Exprest. and it shall and may be lawful! for them or any Person 
or Persons in their Stead, & by their Authority, to enter into & upon 
the Right or part of such Delinquent Owner, & any and every part thereof, 
in the name of the whole of the Settlers that shall fulfill as aforesaid, 
and him utterly to amove, Oust & Expel for their Use, their Heirs & 
Assigns Provided they Settle or cause to be Settled each such Delinq*" 
Right or Share, within the Space of One Year at the furthest from the 


The Masonian Charter 

Period of such Condition, Articles, Matters & things that is by this 
Instrument Stipulated to be done as the Condition of this Grant, & 
fully discharge & Comply with all the Duty & Expence such Delinquents 
ought to have done, & every part of Duty enjoyn'd, such Right to be 
finished at the Several Periods thereof, & in Case the said Grantees 
or their Assigns that shall fuUfill their parts as aforesaid, & shall omit 
& neglect for the Space of one Year as aforesaid, improveing. Building, 
& Settling and fullfilling every part as herein is Conditioned to be done 
that all such Share & Right as are thus delinquent in said Township, & 
every part & Parcel of such Delinquents shall be forfeited, revert & 
belong to the Grantors of the Premises their Heirs & Assigns with full 
Authority to enter into and upon all such Delinquents Rights & the 
Posseesor thereof utterly amove, oust & expel for the use of such 
Grantors, Provided there be no Indian Wars within any of the Terms 
& Limitation of time aforesaid for doing the Duty Condition'd in this 
Grant, and in Case that should happen the same time to be allowed for 
the Respective Matters aforesaid after such Impediment shall be removed 
^Lastly the said Grantors do hereby promise and engage to the said 
Grantees their Heirs & Assigns, to defend thro' the Law to King & 
Council, if need be One Action that shall & may be brought against 
them or any Number of them, by any Person or Persons whatsoever 
Claiming the said Land or any part thereof by any other Title than 
that of the said Grantors, or that by which they hold & derive their's 
from Provided the said Grantors are avouched in, to defend the same, 
and that in case on final Tryal the same shall be recovered against the 
Grantors, that such Person or Persons shall recover nothing over against 
the Grantors for the Lands, Improvments or Expence in bringing for- 
ward the Settlements, and further that the said Grantors will pay the 
Necessary Expence of time & Money that any other Person or Persons 
shall be put to by any other Suit or Suits that shall be brought against 
them or any of them the said Grantees for tryal of the Title before 
any one Suit shall be fully Determined in the Law — 

To all which Premises Joseph Blanchard Esq' Agent, for & in 
Behalf of the Grantors hath hereunto set his Hand & Seal this seventeenth 
day of April 1750— 

Joseph Blanchard — [L S] 

It is evident that the Masonian Charter definitely located 
the boundaries of the township, but later survey showed a 
considerable difference between their location and that which 
was expected at the time of their adoption. As has been 
told upon a previous page, it was supposed that the Massa- 
chusetts survey had placed the block of lots assigned in charter 
midway between the northern and southern lines of the town- 
ship, and thus had left an undivided strip one mile in width 
between those lots and the southern boundary, and a like 
strip on the northern side, which latter strip Col. Blanchard 
had made a part of Peterborough Slip, leaving, as was sup- 


History of New Ipswich 

posed, the northern line of the northern tier of lots coinci- 
dent with the northern boundary of the township. Had that 
been the case, the township would have been represented on 
the diagram by the rhomboid LMNO, but unfortunately the 
assumption was not in accordance with facts. The block of 
lots had been laid a considerable distance farther toward the 
north than was intended, perhaps as much as fifty rods, al- 
though the inaccuracy of the survey in the early wilderness 
and the conflicting statements in different records make the 
estimate of the displacement subject to considerable uncer- 
tainty. There can be no doubt, however, that it was sufifi- 
cient to make the northern slip less than a mile in width and 
to cause the northeastern corner of the Masonian grant to 
fall forty-eight rods farther south than the northern line of 
lot 24, in which said corner fell. 

The problem of equitable boundaries was somewhat 
further complicated by the triangular slip cut from the south- 
eastern corner of New Ipswich by the establishment of the 
Province line. The width of that strip is uncertain, but prob- 
ably at the eastern extremity, where it was widest, it was 
not more than twenty rods, perhaps even less. But whatever 
that loss may have been it should have resulted in an equal 
removal toward the north of the northern boundary made by 
the Masonian Charter parallel to the Province line, and the 
strip of land cut from the northern ends of the lots should 
have narrowed toward its eastern end. Instead of that, for 
some inexplicable reason, exactly the opposite is true ; each 
lot, proceeding toward the west, had one acre less cut away 
by the northern line than was lost by its eastern neighbor. 
The entire unwarranted removal from the twelve northern 
lots, remaining after the loss caused by the new eastern line, 
was about 220 acres. In view of those losses, whether due 
to haste and difficulties of accurate survey through the wilder- 
ness or to dishonest acts of interested parties, it may be well 
to recognize that in accordance with the frequent practice of 
early surveyors to be "sure to give full measure," the town, 
both in length and in breadth, very appreciably exceeds its 
charter dimensions of five by six miles, its area being between 
thirty-two and thirty-three square miles. Its Masonian figure, 
retained until the present time, is presented upon the diagram 
showing its successive changes of form by the figure LPNO. 


The Incorporation 

There remain to be mentioned, in this record of official 
transformations, only two further changes. The first of these 
is an evolution though an Act of Incorporation bearing the 
date September 9, 1762, and signed by Governor Benning 
Wentworth, a brother of John and Mark Hunking Wentworth 
before active as Alasonian Proprietors, and countersigned by 
Theodore Atkinson, Provincial Secretary, also of the Alason- 
ian board and long its presiding officer. This document 
changed the mere proprietary organization with no officers 
except a temporary moderator chosen for each meeting, a 
clerk, a treasurer, and such committees as any business asso- 
ciation might appoint, into a complete town with all the politi- 
cal and governmental abilities of such a New England unit. 

The new town, however, had no promise of an existence to 
be continued beyond January 1, 1766, and for some reason, 
perhaps a mere error of the penman, it bore only the name 

A second similar act, dated March 6, 1766, but for some 
unknown reason neither recorded nor transmitted to the town 
until the following year, restored the complete name borne 
by the early settlement ; and no period having been assigned 
to its life, the New Ipswich of to-day derives thence its legal 




''npHE Masonian Charter gave to the new Proprietors of the 
-*- "place called New Ipswich" a right to the land upon 
which, if prospered, they might expect to found a New Hamp- 
shire town, and the word "town" appears twice in that char- 
ter. But more frequently, and more correctly, the new land 
thus transferred was designated by the word "township," 
since New Ipswich had really neither civic existence nor legal 
name, which, however, it attained at an earlier date than any 
of the surrounding New Hampshire settlements mentioned 
in the charter as "Number One," (Mason,) "South Monad- 
nock," (Rindge,) and "Peterborough Slip," (Temple and 
Sharon) ; the Province line separated it from "Dorchester 
Canada," now included in Ashburnham and Ashby. 

As shown in the charter, only thirteen of the thirty mem- 
bers of the new body were resident within the limits of the 
township, the homes of the complemental seventeen being 
scattered in nine different places, but only four in Ipswich, 
Mass., and of the thirteen named as already resident in New 
Ipswich, only two, Abijah Foster and Henry Pudney, had 
come from that mother-town. 

The silence of the records in relation to Henry Pudney 
shows that he was not a resident for a sufficient period to 
afifect the town in any way ; of the four proprietors resident 
in Ipswich, Robert Choate apparently never became a citizen 
of the new place, while if Thomas Dennis ever really had a 
home in New Ipswich, his residence was too brief to leave 
decisive evidence. 

The history of the period of proprietorship and the pass- 
age of New Ipswich through youth to the attainment of its 
majority as a town was not wrought out by Ipswich men 
as largely as the name would suggest. Abijah Foster was 
the first settler within the township bounds. He built three 
houses as his three successive homes, and his blood has flowed 
in the veins of many sons and daughters of the later New 
Ipswich generations. Thomas Adams and Isaac Appleton 
however, were the two largest land-owners among the pro- 


Origin of the Settlers 

prietors. each being the possessor of between two and three 
square miles, and although probably neither of them ever 
relinquished his Massachusetts citizenship to forward in per- 
son the growth of the Granite State, they were each repre- 
sented by two sons resident for many years on the family 
possessions, and the two names were prominent in the town 
activities of several generations. 

In default of Ipswich blood, the question arises, Whence 
in fact came the early vigor of the settlement and of the en- 
suing town? From what region came the men who gave 
New Ipswich a place among the most active and progressive 
New Hampshire towns? A few came from Ipswich in the 
years soon succeeding the Masonian grant and a few more 
from other parts of Essex County. But of the names ap- 
pearing on the records of the expected town during its twelve 
years of active development into fitness for that designation, 
three-fourths came not from^ Essex, but from Middlesex 
County, and especially from Concord, whither so many an- 
cestral lines converge from all sections, and from the line of 
towns between Concord and Boston. A brief quotation from 
Walcott's "Concord in the Colonial Period" seems to have 
a place here. 

The Kentish infusion was very strong in the early population of 
Concord, and, indeed, of Middlesex County. 

The proud distinction of the Kentishmen was the tenacity with which 
they held to their rights and customs, and the unhesitating courage, re- 
gardless of difficulties or consequences, shown in their defence. They 
formed the foremost rank at the battle of Hastings, and made terms 
with the Conqueror at Swanscombe. 

It is by no accident that the people of Middlesex County have been 
equally quick to rise in the defence of their rights, and to put down the 
oppressor ; for the people of Middlesex derive their origin, in a great 
part, from the freest and most independent of English counties. The 
patriots of Concord Bridge, Lexington, and Bunker Hill found their 
prototypes at Hastings and Swanscombe. 

It is believed that New Ipswich, during its twelve years 
of life as a pure democracy managed directly by its Proprie- 
tors, somewhat more than trebled its population, and that, 
although the rate of increase in later years was less rapid, 
before the opening of the Revolutionary contest the number 
of inhabitants was nine hundred or more, which is about the 
same as at the present time. Naturally the incoming move- 
ment of residents was largely from the regions whence had 


History of New Ipswich 

come the earlier settlers, and the story of the town's part in 
the seven years of natal strife, presented in a later chapter, 
certainly accords with the belief that Kentish blood had lost 
naught of its power during its sojourn in Middlesex. 

But the first work of the new proprietors was not warlike. 
There were no indications that the locality had ever been 
a favorite abode of the Indians, and the settlers made very 
few preparations to meet an attack. Ephraim Adams, son 
of Thomas Adams recently mentioned, had "flankers" about 
his house, still standing near the crossing of the Turnpike by 
"Saw Mill Brook" on 21, N. D., and perhaps the house of 
Moses Tucker, on VI: 1, S. R., or his later dwelling on I: 
2, S. R., gave him similar protection during his experience 
as sole resident of the township in 1748. But no public 
structure was ever thought needful for safety, nor did the 
Proprietors see fit to repair the flankers around the Adams 
house when for some reason their attention seems to have 
been called to their weakened condition. 

Evidently the first duty of the settlement, awakened to 
fresh activity by its renewed title to its land and its enlarged 
membership, was to complete an equitable division of the 
township among the Proprietors. About one-half of its area, 
the North Division and the South Ranges, had been divided 
under the Massachusetts grant, and the divisions were re- 
tained, although, as stated in a previous chapter, the bounds 
of the Masonian grant had sadly mutilated the North Divi- 
sion. Apparently a few additional lots had been also assigned, 
but about one-half of the entire township remained to be 
surveyed and drawn by the grantors and grantees not later 
than August, 1751 ; this division was ultimately accomplished, 
but it was by no means an easy duty, nor, although the rec- 
ords are nominally complete, are the methods and principles 
of the division easy to follow. The first meeting of the new 
Proprietors was held one year before the charter w^hich con- 
stituted them Proprietors was granted, but it proceeded to 
business, as is shown by a copy of the record. 

At a meeting of the Proprietors of the Township of New Ipswich 
lying in the Province of New hampshire in New England Appointed by 
Joseph Blanchard, Esq'. Agent to the Claimers of the Patant under 
John Tufton Mason, Esq', who are Grantors of said Township Heald 
at the House of Cap*. Joseph French in Dunstable in said Province on 
the 16: of April A: D: 1749: Colonel Joseph Blanchard chosen modera- 


First Proprietors' Meeting 

tor for said meeting. John Stevens chosen Proprietors Clark Colo' 
Blanchard chosen Treasurer, and it was Voted as Follows (viz) that 
all the Lotts that was heare to fore laid out in said township and are 
now Taken off by the other Townships (viz) by the Township Nomber 
one and Nomber Two : shall be by a Committee to be chosen for that 
Purpus Laid out in the Common land in said Township and Quallefied 
by said Committee. Said Lotts that are to be laid out are to be laid 
adjoyning to the other lotts formerly laid in said town and as con- 
veniant for settling as may be and that those persons formerly owning 
s"* Lotts Being Grantees to Have s*" Lots which are new laid out in Lue 
of the Lotts Taken off as a fore said 

Also Voted that if any of said grantees have or had any lands in the 
Township or any part there of formerly called Townsend and now falls 
into the Township of New Ipswich shall have a whole wright or part 
there of laid out in the same place to them said Commitee Quallifying 
the same Eaqual to other shares. 

Voted that the whole of said wrights in said Township to be but Sixty 
three also Voted that the said Committee Do as soon as may be with 
a Surveyer under oath Proceed and lay out to each of said Sixty three 
Rights Two Seventy acre Lotts and that thay copple the same togather 
makeing them as neare as may be of Equel valine, and that said lotts 
Be Prepaired to be Drawn on the Last Tuesday of October next at this 
Place at ten of the Clock in the morning. Voted that the Lotts Taken 
off the Towns afore said be Laid out and Compleated fit for a Draught 
by the Eight of May next. 

Voted and Chose for a Com'"", to Lay out the Lotts Taken of as afore 
said Major Jonathan Hubbard and John Stevens But wheare the said 
Stevens hath lands to lay out then Benj*. Hoar to Help lay out s"* 
Stevens land. 

Also John Stevens chosen Surveyer for said Service. 
Voted that the Com'"", and Surveyer afore said be Directed to lay out 
to m^ Benj". Hoar a Lott adjoyning Oliver Hoars lott Equel in Valine 
to his former lott laid out in or near the same place. 

Voted to chuse five men as a Com'"", to lay out and Copple the Seventy 
acre lotts afore said Chose for said Com'"". M''.'. Jsaac Appleton Jona- 
than Hubbard Ruben Kidder Benjamin Hoar of Littleton and John 

Voted that said Com'"", shall have for there Service in laying out said 
Lotts and Coppleing the Same while thay are in said Township about 
said service thirty shillings per Day old tenour 

voted to pay Colonol Blanchard for his Service and Expence in Pro- 
cureing said Township and granting out the same Two Hundred and 
Ten pounds old Ten^ 

Voted to Rayse on Each of the forty Two Settleing Rights in said 
Township fourteen pounds old Ten', to Defray the Charges of the Same 
Voted to Chuse a Com'"", to agree for a mill place if need be and also 
to agree with Sum proper person to Build a Cornmill and Sawmill in 
said Town in the most Conveniant place to accomidate the Proprietors. 
Chose for said Com'"". Ruben Kidder Deak° Benj'. Hoar m. Isaac 
Appleton and John Stevens. 

A true Coppey Attest John Stevens Proprietors Cler 


History of New Ipswich 

Evidently the Proprietors present at that initial meeting 
had definite plans in the charter issued a year later. But 
in that charter appear other acts which are not recorded 
until June 20, 1750, two months after the date of the charter. 
At that later meeting, held at the house of Benjamin Hoar 
in New Ipswich, Thomas Dennis, Francis Choate, Nathaniel 
Smith, and William Peters were admitted as Proprietors, but 
their names appeared upon the list given in the earlier char- 
ter. References are made to the lots held by the new mem- 
bers under the Massachusetts grant which are not in accord- 
ance with the old map showing that first assignment of lots. 
Apparently action universally held desirable was not delayed 
by close adherence to technical order. Apparently the divi- 
sion of the common land into seventy-acre lots, ordered at 
the first meeting, was modified in accordance with that prin- 
ciple. Under the Massachusetts grant the township was six 
miles square and land seemed to abound. Surveyors were 
accustomed to make abundant allowance for "uneven ground 
and swag of chain," and in that survey they seemed to have 
made an allowance for the obliquity of the angles of the lots 
nearly twice as large as was required. Moreover, much 
space was left for roads between the lots, and finally the 
Masonian township was only five-sixths as large as its pre- 
decessor, and the "common land" was not sufficient to allow 
the later lots to contain seventy acres each, wherefore the 
committee, in violation of their instructions, laid out lots 
containing nominally only sixty-six acres, which action in 
due time was formally accepted. Even after such recognition 
of necessity the difficulty seems to have persisted, as is indi- 
cated by the official records and maps presenting lots upon 
one side of a straight line as being considerably wider than 
the lots extending between the same limits upon the other 
side of the line. In most places the discrepancy may have 
been merely the result of greater care in measurement and 
an omission of such allowances as had place in the earlier 
surveys, but in one section of the town, where the lots were 
probably laid out latest, or where, as later records indicate, 
the survey was not fully completed except upon the map, 
apparently a more heroic treatment was believed to be de- 
manded, and the remaining land was forced to meet the de- 
mands. There seems to be no escape from the conclusion 
that the narrow lots comprising the western two miles of the 


Assignment of Lots 

"New Laid Out" must be considerably narrower than the 
recorded dimensions. This belief is supported by a vote 
passed in 1757, after ineffectual attempts at a preceding meet- 
ing, "to Run the line through the township thats not yet run 
on the New Laid Out Land," for which action a committee 
was chosen. No report of that committee is to be found, but 
more than ten years later, in 1768, the matter again rises and 
a second committee was chosen "to Examan the narrow Lotts 
so called," and three years later a report from that committee 
or one of later appointment simply stated the correct num- 
bers of the lots from 98 to 109, which were said to have 
been previously uncertain on account of trees falsely marked 
at lot corners. But the real difficulty, without doubt a re- 
sult of a too liberal distribution of the agrarian wealth be- 
lieved to be almost limitless, was apparently kept carefully 
unacknowledged, like many an analogous transaction of later 

The complete assignment of town lots, as shown in the 
record of John Stevens, Proprietors' clerk, is presented in the 
following table, with a few entirely obvious errors corrected, 
and a few changes also inserted, as borne upon the record 
of later action taken to remedy cases of injustice, most of 
which were cases due to the unexpected difficulty in the 
north line of the town before stated at considerable length. 


History of New Ipswich 


Atkinson, Theodore 
Blanchard, Joseph 
Jaffrey, George . 
Livermore, Matthew 
Meserve, Nathaniel 
Mofifat, John . 
Odiorne, Jotham 
Packer, Thomas 
Parker, William 
Peirce, Joshua 
Peirce, Daniel 
Moor, Mary 
Rindge, John 
Solly, Samuel ] 
March, Clement \ 
Tomlinson, John ] 
Mason, John Tufton^ 
Wallingford, Thomas 
Wentworth, John . 
Wentworth, Mark H. 
Wibird, Richard . . 


South Ranges 

43, 61 






38, 39 

II: 4, IV: 4 

VII: 1 
V: 1 

XIV: 2 

V: 3 

VII: 4, XIII: 4 

VlII: 3 
XV: 3 
IX: 3 

XV: 4 

IV: 3, VIII: 4 
VIII: 1 

Laid Out 

24. 172 







56, 109 
28, XIII : 2 


155, 157 

126, 128 

80, 81 
68, 95 
82, 83 
160, 161 
89, 90 

167, 169 

176, 177 

181, 182 

163, 164 

85, 86 


67, 94 

162, 165 


Assignment of Lots 


Adams, Thomas 
Appleton, Isaac 

Brown, John . . 
Brown, William . 
Bullard, Ebenezer 
Bullard, Joseph . 
Chandler, John . 
Choate, John . . 
Choate, Francis . 
Choate, Robert . 
Dennis, Thomas . 
Dinsmore, Hannah 
Emerson, Daniel . 
Foster, Abijah . 
French, Joseph . 
Heald, Timothy . 

Hoar, Benjamin . . 
Hoar, Benjamin, Jr. 

Hubbard, Jonathan . 
Kidder, Joseph . . 
Kidder, Reuben . . 

Lovewell, Zaccheus 

Marsh, John . . 

Minister, — first . 

Ministerial . . . 

Nevins, David . . 

Patch, Isaac . . 

Peters, William . 

Powers, Peter . . 

Pudney, Henry . 
School .... 

Smith, Nathaniel 

Spaulding, Andrew 
Stevens, John . . 

Stevens, Joseph . 
White, Archibald 
Woolson, Jonas . 


17, 18, 21, 

22, 24, 25, 

SO, 51 

9, 41, 42, 



31, 60 

X: 2, XIV: 4, 

XVI: 1 

III: 2, VI: 2, 
VIII: 2, XI: 
1, XVI: 2 


56, 57 



26, 36, 53 








28, 34, 52 

35, 44 

South Ranges 

VI: 4 
II: 2, II: 3 

I: 2 
III: 1, IV: 1 

VI: 3 
1 : 4, X : 1 

VII: 2, IX: 4 

Laid Out 

I: 3 
III: 4, X: 3 

II: 1, V: 2, VI: 

IX: 2 
IX: 1 
III: 3, XIII: 1, 
XIV: 1, XIV: 
XI: 2, XI: 3, 
XII: 3 

XIII: 2 

XVI: 4 

XI: 4 

V: 4 

XII: 4, XIII: 3, 

XVI: 3 

XII: 1 

X: 4, XII: 2, 

XV: 1 

VII: 3 

IV: 2, XV: 2 

69, 72 


105, 108 

16, 104 





1, 12 



70, 156, 158, 

166, 168, 

178, 180 

72, 116, 117, 

119, 123, 
138, 139, 
170, 171, 
183, 184, 
y2 of 185 

120, 144 
129, 130 


113, 114 

125, 137 
112, 133 
152, 159 
146, 147 

65, 66, 142, 

69, 135, 136, 

65, 66, 74, 

149, 150 

88, 92 

148, 151 

76, 77, 96, 
131, 132, 
y2 of 185 

115, 140,143, 

1/4 of 153 

98, 99,' 101 

78, 79 


122, 124 

110, 111,134, 


91, 154 

^ of 153 
5, 127, 141 

118, 121 

History of New Ipswich 

This history of the township, as shown in the records of 
the meetings of its Proprietors, is full of interest to those 
whose personal relations to the town give a vision which 
recognizes the outcome of the everyday plans and acts of 
their ancestors. They may not have been large men, but 
they were earnest men, and although sometimes perchance 
the Kentish tenacity of grasp upon that which they believed 
to be their own may have had an unlovely aspect, yet in it 
lay much of the honorable history then unwritten. 

Largely isolated and thrown upon their own resources, 
they felt themselves sufficient. They rarely sought the aid 
of authority from without in the settlement of their dif- 
ferences ; the threatened appeal to courts seems to have been 
made rarely, if ever, in that time of pure democracy. 

New Ipswich in those days had no rulers ; its few officers 
had no stipulated terms of service, but were removable at 
pleasure with no delay beyond that of the few days' required 
notice for a meeting of the Proprietors. There were really 
only two officers, the clerk and the treasurer. In 1751 Jonas 
Woolson, Ebenezer Bullard, and Joseph Kidder were made 
a "Committee to Draw Orders on the Treasurer for any sum 
or sums of money that shall be voted to any person or persons 
by the proprietors for service done for them," which commit- 
tee was later mentioned as the committee to "take care of 
the prudentials of the place," and in 1753 Reuben Kidder, 
Ephraim Adams, and Benjamin Hoar succeeded to the same 
duties under the latter title. But that step toward the crea- 
tion of a board of selectmen was not permanently approved, 
and in October of the same year it was voted to "dismiss the 
Prudential Committee formerly chosen." In 1754 Francis 
Appleton was chosen a "Referee to peruse the accounts laid 
before the Proprietors," and in later years this forerunner 
of an auditor was occasionally appointed. Evidently orderly 
conduct of a meeting of the Proprietors required a presiding 
officer, and such meetings were quite frequent. But sixteen 
different moderators presided over one or more of the thirty- 
seven different meetings recorded during the twelve years 
before the incorporation of the town, and of these no one was 
chosen more than four times. Such public duties as could not 
be completed in a full Proprietors' meeting were usually 
placed in the hands of special committees whose work was 
usually not considered complete until formally approved at 
a succeeding meeting, 


Proprietors' Work Ended 

In the years of laying foundations necessarily the recorded 
action was largely in relation to three matters that might not 
safely be deferred. The division of the town among the 
grantors and the grantees came first, and the adjustments 
demanded by the encroachments upon the lots by the new 
boundaries of the township were very difficult to make when 
the "common land" of the Proprietors was exhausted. The 
question remained open till the incorporation of the town 
and for ten years afterward, during which latter period the 
records of Proprietors' meetings, held only at intervals of 
about one year, were nearly occupied by that topic. Practi- 
cally, however, all that is of interest at the present time is 
given in the preceding table. 

The location and maintenance of highways formed a sec- 
ond matter for consideration almost equally imperative in its 
demands, which has been presented in the first chapter of 
this book; and the requirements of the charter in relation 
to the building of a meeting-house and the settlement of a 
minister, conditions without doubt in accord with the per- 
sonal views of by far the greater part of the proprietors, 
formed a third subject for long discussion prior to efficient 
action. This matter is presented later in connection with 
other church matters. 

On April 5, 1762, it was ''Voted to apply to the General 
Court to get the Place called New Ipswich incorporated," 
and also "Voted Capt. Reuben Kidder to go down to Court 
to get the Incorporation effected and that the said Kidder 
shall Proceed in the affair as he shall think best & that his 
Necessary Charge shall be Paid by the Propriety." The act 
of incorporation, as given on a previous page, was issued on 
the ninth of September following, and the activities of the 
Propriety ceased except as far as action was requisite in re- 
lation to the settlement of claims mentioned above and the 
disposal of the meeting-house. 

The successive Proprietors' clerks and dates of service 
were: John Stevens, 1749-1752; Benjamin Adams, 1752-1755; 
Timothy Heald, 1755-1761; Ichabod How, 1761-1768; Isaac 
Appleton, 1768-1772. 

The treasurers were: Joseph Blanchard, 1749-1751; Jo- 
seph Stevens, 1751-1755; Benjamin Hoar, 1755 — . 

The last Proprietors' meeting found recorded met Decem- 
ber 17, 1772, but by successive adjournments continued until 


History of New Ipswich 

December 30, when it adjourned for a fortnight, and no 
further record follows the name of Isaac Appleton, Proprie- 
tors' Clerk. 

Perhaps the stor}^ of New Ipswich prior to its attainment 
of a legal majority may best be closed in the words of the 
former historian of the town, who wrote of the period: 

We find the whole number of tax-payers to be ninety-five. They 
were all in the prime of life, the oldest of them, Capt. Tucker, being 
only fifty-eight years of age. Among them we find four widows, show- 
ing that the universal destroyer had already commenced his work here, 
and ten or twelve had already become tenants of the old burying- 
ground; besides which, tradition says there were five buried near the 
head of Safiford lane, previous to the opening of the old cemetery in 
1753. Among these were a son and daughter of Ebenezer Bullard; a 
son of Joseph Bullard; two sons and a daughter of Benjamin Adams; 
the wife of Ephraim Adams; a daughter of Benjamin King; two sons 
and a daughter of Benjamin Hoar; Samuel Perham, his wife and a son; 
Abijah Foster, the first settler, and one of his sons had died in the army. 




'TpO one whose childhood and youth was spent in a country 
-*- town of New England few memories are more distinct 
than those of "the little red school-house," in or near which 
were received so many impressions leaving indelible traces on 
his character that such educational experience seems to him 
almost an essential part of a complete life. The district 
school, despite its undeniable serious defects, did a work that 
could hardly have been done equally well in any other way, 
a work of education for the citizens as well as for their chil- 
dren sometimes amusingly democratic in the development of 
its details. It is proposed here to present its growth in New 
Ipswich, as presented in the official records. 

The former history prefaces the story with these words : 
"The cause of learning has been well sustained, and has done 
much for the reputation of the town ; not so much, however, 
in its earlier history, as could have been desired. In the grant 
of the township it was provided that one right should be set 
apart for the support of schools ; and thus, with enlightened 
foresight, the Proprietors did all that was incumbent upon 
them, to furnish the means of education to the settlers. But 
we have no intimation that any school was kept until after 
the incorporation of the town, fourteen years after the actual 
settlement. It is true there could have been very few who 
were not either too young or too old to attend schools at 
that early period, and those few must have been widely scat- 
tered. Doubtless they received private instruction at home 
from their parents, who, we have abundant evidence, were 
intelligent and well-educated people. In 1762, the year of all 
others most memorable in the history of the town, it was 
'voted that a school be kept in town three months this year, 
and no more, as near the meeting-house as a house can be 
provided.' " 

This action was taken at the second meeting of the town, 
held only about a month after the first meeting at which the 
only business was the organization by election of officers un- 
der the charter of incorporation. The article in the warrant 


History of New Ipswich 

for the second meeting under which the action concerning 
the school was taken read as follows : "To see if the Town 
will vote the Number of months the school shall be Kept in 
said Town and what part or parts of said Town it shall be 
Kept in," which would seem to suggest that the school was 
already established in some form. 

The records give nothing further for two years, but Octo- 
ber 8, 1764, it was "Voted to hire three months Schooling 
this fall and Winter Coming." The next year an advance 
was made, and it was "Voted to have four months Schooling 
this fall and Winter coming at several places at the Discres- 
sion of the Select men viz four and if any persons Refuse to 
provide a place for Schooling after Sutable Notice from the 
Select men that quarter shall be Destitute & the other parts 
shall have the Benefit that do provide a sutable place." 

The year 1766 was the period of governmental interregnum 
between the expiration of the first town charter and the re- 
ception of the second, during which no records were written, 
and it is uncertain whether the school was continued, and in 
1767 the vote provides school for only three months, the divi- 
sion however evidently being maintained, as the selectmen 
were to "order where the school shall be kept." In 1768 ac- 
tion was taken earlier and the idea of a permanent division 
into school districts seems to be in evidence, as on March 14 
it was "Voted to Divide the Town into Destricts for the 
benefit of Schooling & Each Destrict to have their proportion 
according to there pay. Voted to Choose a Committee to Di- 
vide the Destricts & proportion ye money Choosen for said 
Committee Lieu^ Aaron Kidder. Lieu^ Nath. Stone Lieu^ 
Joseph Bates Cap^ Moses Tucker m'". Samuel Whittemore 
m"". James Chandler & Reuben Kidder Esq"". Voted to Raise 
twenty Pounds Lawful money for the Benafit of Schooling 
this year." 

A new element appears in 1769 when it was "Voted to 
Raise Twenty Pounds Lawful Money for Schooling", but it 
was added "Voted to Indemnifie the Select men from all 
lines that they may be Exposed to by their not providing a 
Grammer School Master." This somewhat peculiar action 
was an attempt to avoid compliance with a law requiring 
towns above a certain population to maintain a grammar 
school where Latin might be taught, an additional expense 
naturally objectionable to a large part of the citizens. The 


The Grammar School 

same action was taken in 1770 and 1771, but in this latter year 
a formal protest was entered for record by Ebenezer Champ- 
ney, Benjamin Hoar, John Dutton, Isaac Appleton, William 
Shattuck, and Thomas Farnsworth, and on the following year 
seventeen men signed a dissent against similar action as being 
"Repugnant to the Law of the Land in such case made and 
provided." Probably it was on account of this protest that at 
a meeting a few months later it was "Voted that the Grammer 
School shall move to the Several Distrects beginning at the 
middle Distrect & so on, to the next highest Distrect accord- 
ing to their pay and in the same manner the several Distrects 
in said Town, the East Distrect being the least is to have a 
months schooling and the other Distrects as much longer as 
their pay is more." This arrangement after a few years seems 
to have been changed by an appropriation of £20 for a gram- 
mar master in the middle district, where grammar scholars 
from all parts of the town might go, an arrangement which 
seems to have soon been made unnecessary by the founding 
of the Academy. The vote for this grammar school was re- 
freshingly frank, as the record says : "Voted to pay the mid- 
dle district £20 towards keeping a grammar school through 
the year so as to keep the town from being presented and the 
town have liberty to send to said school." 

Although a committee was chosen to divide the town into 
districts in 1768, no record of their action appears, and the 
first assignment of money was recorded in January, 1770, 
and apparently that was stated to be in obedience to a vote 
passed only a week previously in accordance with which the 
selectmen divided the school money voted the preceding 
March. This action of the town was as follows : 

Voted to Divide the Town into Distrects for the Benefit of Schooling 
our Children. 

Voted to abide in Distrects during the Towns pleasure. 

Voted that the West part of the Town be a Distrect for a School 
according to their Request (viz) to have their proportion of the money 
Raised in Town for that use according to their pay with appropriating 
the money wholly to the use of a School. 

Voted that the Northeast part of the Town be a Distrect for a 
School Beginning at Dea°. Ephraim Adams's to m'. Smith's m"". Francis 
Appleton and to m'. Bakers to the Northeast part of the Town under 
the same Scituation with the first Distrect. 

Voted that the East Side of the River be a Distrect for a School 
(Exclusive of Cap'. Hoar) to the East side of said Town under the 
same Scituation with the first Distrect leaving it to the Selectmen 


History of New Ipswich 

wheather m''. Horsley's pasture be annext to them or Joyn to the South 

Voted that a Distrect be formed on the Country Road from Cap*. 
Hoar's on to m'. Farnsworth with familys adjoyning said Road under 
the same Scituation with the first Distrect. 

Voted that the South East part of the Town be a Distrect from 
Mr. Wilkins to Sam'. Foster's to m"". Breed's and all to y* East under 
the same Regulations with the first. 

Voted that the South West part of the Town be a Distrect for a 
School taking m. Zechariah Adams Tho. Spaulding & Joseph Parker 
and so to the South west corner of the Town, and to the East to the 
Famelys above mentioned Leving it to the Select men wheather they 
shall not have some help of the Towns money to make them Equal with 
other Distrects in proportion to their Children 

Voted that each Distrect shall Choose a man to take the Names of 
the men in Each Distrect an Cary the list of Names to the Select men. 

Voted that the Select men give of to the men so choose by the 
Distrects the proportionable part of money to Each Distrect That is 
Voted by the Town for the use of the School. 

The second of the votes given above concerning the new 
departure seems to indicate a feeling of uncertainty in rela- 
tion to its wisdom and consequent permanence, although it 
was expected to continue without further action as long as 
it should prove satisfactory. But no provision for the needed 
buildings was made at that time, and an article in the warrant 
for the annual meeting two months later, "To see if the Town 
Raise money to build School Houses in the Several Districts 
in said Town according to their particular pay," was dis- 
missed without action. But at the next annual meeting the 
schools received especial attention, as shown by the number 
of votes relating to different included matters. 

Voted to Raise forty Pounds lawful Money to be laid out in 

Voted to Employ an English School Master nine months this year. 

Voted to Raise money to Build School-Houses in the Several Dis- 
trects in this Town. 

Voted not to alter the Distrects. 

Voted to Raise Twenty Pounds more for Schooling. 

Voted to divide the money among the Several Squadrons according 
to their pay. 

Voted that Each Squadron draw their proportion of the money 
Raised to Build the School-Houses according to their pay. 

And after these was passed the vote which called out first 
the protest of Mr. Champney and others. 

But the action at this meeting was more liberal than the 
general desire for schools would sustain, and at a meeting 


The First School-houses 

the following- September it was "Voted that Twenty Pounds 
that was Raised for Schooling be used for Defraying the 
Town Charges." 

The tax lists show that the sum raised for building school- 
houses in accordance with the vote on that matter was £80, 
a sum that it would seem could hardly have been sufficient 
for even the simplest buildings, but no further action concern- 
ing the subject appears during a period of eighteen years, 
at the end of which time, in 1789, it was "Voted to raise three 
hundred pounds for the purpose of Building and repairing 
School Houses in New Ipswich," but three months later the 
action was modified by a vote that "the Selectmen shall not 
assess the Town for the three hundred pounds voted to build 
and repair School Houses till the last of Sep*, next to give 
those who are delinquents opportunity to pay their propor- 
tion. And in case each district do not make it known to 
the Selectmen that s*^ delinquents have paid their proportion 
s'^ Selectmen are to proceed to make s'"^ assessment." The 
exact purport of this vote is rather obscure, but it had delayed 
the assessment, and for some reason no subsequent assess- 
ment of that money is to be found. 

At the annual meeting in 1800 it was "Voted to raise £630 
to build school houses," but here again the sum is not in- 
cluded in the recorded assessments of the year. It seems 
probable that it was determined to leave the decision in re- 
spect to building to the districts separately, as it had already 
been voted that the expenditure of the assessed money should 
be left. The records of the "Southwest District" show that 
this district had just completed a new school-house. 

The districts formed in 1770 with so much hesitation and 
uncertainty, with no expressed sanction of law, and with 
exceedingly indefinite powers, were a necessity of the condi- 
tions of the time, and a part of the great movement in all 
parts of the state by which the district school system came 
into existence, to be recognized by the state and given defined 
duties and methods of performing them only after a consider- 
able period of years. 

The six first districts, from which eight others were in 
due time developed, were destined to more than a century 
of vigorous life ; and if it prove true that present conditions, 
which have made a diminution of their number necessary, 
also demand a complete reversion to the earlier methods, it is 


History of New Ipswich 

evident that the greatest care is needed to retain for the 
scholars in the larger and far better equipped schools the 
sturdy self-reliant tone which has been characteristic of the 
New Hampshire country boys. 

The boundaries of the six original districts were not very 
closely defined in the creative vote, and it seems probable that 
at first each citizen was allowed to choose with which dis- 
trict he would connect himself, and in many cases when ad- 
joining districts had their schools at somewhat differing times, 
the children not too far from the dividing line attended in 
both districts. In fact, this arrangement was sometimes made 
in order to allow such mutual helpfulness, with a resultant 
increase of the scholars attending each school such that a 
well-known New Ipswich teacher of eighty years or more 
ago, who bore the names of two early settlers in the town 
from whom he was descended, Reuben Kidder Gould, said 
that he had taught in every district of his time, and he had 
hardly ever had less than forty scholars in any school, the 
number often rising to fifty or sixty. 

An examination of scattered records giving the names of 
certain residents of some school district leads to a somewhat 
more definite location of the district bounds than can be de- 
termined by the initial record alone. 

Apparently the "West District" did not greatly vary from 
the district which in the days of the greatest number of dis- 
tricts was termed the "North District," or officially was No. 
7, except by including the later No. 8, which was not yet 
sufficiently settled to receive separate consideration. The 
"North East District" seems to have been very nearly identi- 
cal with the later "Wilson District," or No. 2. The East 
District was the later No. 3, or the "Wheeler Tavern Dis- 
trict," with the houses on the road past the site of the 
present Country Club house afterward included in District 
No. 11. The "Middle District" was No. 1, with an extension 
to meet the "East District" a little east of the bridge at 
Bank Village. The "South East District" included No. 4, 
(the "Gibson District,") and all of No. 5, (Smithville,) except 
the part on Page Hill. The "South West District" included 
the remaining part of No. 5, the whole of No. 6. (the "Tenney 
District,") and the few families beyond Binney Hill in the 
later No. 9. 

The first addition to the original six was the "North West 
District," which in some unexplained manner received £2 


District Divisions 

10s. 6d. of the £30 raised in 1770 for use in 1771, but then 
disappeared for six years, at the end of which it again ap- 
peared and remained as No. 9. In 1782 the Smith ville Dis- 
trict was formed by a vote that "there be another School 
District near Thomas Spalding's." The residence of Mr. 
Spalding was the first on the road running westerly from 
Smithville by the house long owned by Timothy Fox and his 
descendants. The district was known as the "New District" 
until 1795, when its recorded name becomes the "Mill Dis- 
trict." In 1786 it was "Voted to set off James Preston, Thad- 
deus Taylor, Peter Baker, and Asa Brown in a school dis- 
trict," and the "Little South West District" afterwards be- 
coming the "Southwest corner District" was formed, later 
being No. 9, and forming a Union district by uniting with 
the adjacent district of Rindge. District No. 10. known some- 
times as the "Carr District" and sometimes as the "District 
over the mountain," was formed in 1820 by a committee 
authorized by vote of the town to make needed changes of 
that character. The erection of the cotton factory, and the 
subsequent development of the mills early in the nineteenth 
century, necessarily was accompanied with a considerable in- 
crease of inhabitants in that portion of the town and a result- 
ing call for a new district. This reasonable request was 
ignored or refused for several years, but in 1824 District 
No. 11 was formed on recommendation of a competent com- 
mittee of investigation, and this constantly increasing district 
was divided in 1840 by the formation of District No. 12, 
about the High Bridge. After a somewhat continued struggle 
District No. 1 was divided in 1842, District No. 13, containing 
the part of the district about the Congregational church and 
along the street from the church to the foot of Meeting House 
Hill, being cut off from the southern portion, and District 
No. 14, lying about Kidder Mountain and the Saw Mill Brook, 
from the northern portion. This last district, however, was 
situated upon two roads meeting but a short distance from 
the school-house of No. 1, and after three years of vain at- 
tempt to agree upon a site for a school-house, in 1845 it was 
returned to its former relations. 

There is considerable uncertainty in respect to the loca- 
tions of the early school-houses. The former history says 
that at the time of its publication there were no traditions 
of any such buildings of an earlier date than 1771, when £80 


History of New Ipswich 

were voted for their erection, the schools prior to that date 
having been kept in private houses, the earliest in the resi- 
dence of Reuben Kidder, which was probably the most com- 
modious dv>^elling of that day. Tradition gives the name of 
William Shattuck as its teacher. 

Evidently the normal position for the building of the "Mid- 
dle District" was designated in the first vote for a school nine 
years earlier, "as near the meeting-house as a house can be 
provided," and the former history locates it a short distance 
to the northwest of that early temple, and says that it later 
became a carpenter's shop. Probably that building met all 
the needs of the district until the erection of the house which 
the same authority places "in the orchard opposite the north- 
east corner of the old burying-ground," adding that "after 
the road to the turnpike was built, it was removed down the 
hill, and placed at the corner of Mr. Hill's garden." This 
road to the turnpike was built in 1802, and the new location 
of the school-house after its removal soon after that date 
seems to have been the corner diagonally opposite to the 
present Baptist church, and only a few rods south of the brick 
building which succeeded it in 1829, and was converted into 
a blacksmith shop after the erection in 1857 of the present 
house upon the hill. 

No records or traditions disclose with certainty the posi- 
tions of the early school-houses in Districts Nos. 2 and 3; 
but the situation of the present and past highways in those 
districts makes the conclusion almost unavoidable that the 
only positions for the general convenience of the district 
must have been very near those of the buildings in use during 
recent years ; a conclusion also in harmony with some inci- 
dental references to those school-houses in early records re- 
lating to the roads. 

The school-house in District No. 4 was preceded by one 
about half a mile south of the "Gibson Four Corners" on the 
road to Ashburnham, but no more definite information con- 
cerning its location can be secured. 

A school-house which was probably the first in District 
No. 5, although it was possibly preceded by one at some point 
more in accordance with the vote creating the district "near 
Thomas Spaulding's," stood very near the millpond on the 
south side of the bridge, practically on the spot now occu- 
pied by the store and Smithville postoffice, and served the 


School-house Locations 

district until 1838, when the present house was erected at a 
cost slightly exceeding $400, According to tradition, this 
structure, which for a time was considered the model school- 
house of the town, had birth in the motion of a citizen of the 
district that "we build a white house with green blinds and a 
pretty one," which was duly adopted by the district. 

The original school-house in District No. 6 stood a few 
rods west of the house long occupied by different members 
of the Chandler family, situated about a quarter-mile west of 
the South burying-yard. This was succeeded, probably in the 
last years of the eighteenth century, by a building half a mile 
farther west near the point where the long-disused road to 
Ashburnham over Nutting Hill in that town branches from 
the Rindge road which passes over Binney Hill. The third 
house, built in 1838 on the spot occupied by the second at a 
cost slightly less than $200, became a dwelling after the clos- 
ing of the school in that district, and was destroyed by fire 
a few years ago. 

It is not certain where the first school was held in the 
district afterward No. 7. It is reported to have been in the 
first house of "Davis Village" on the left hand of one ap- 
proaching from the "Hodgkins Four Corners," now the resi- 
dence of William E. Davis, but whether a part of that building 
was built for that purpose, or it was a case of continuance of 
the previous conditions when all the schools were kept in 
dwelling-houses, tradition is silent. 

An early school-house whose foundations are perhaps even 
yet visible was located on a road now discontinued, but for- 
merly extending westward from the termination of the road 
branching northward from the turnpike about a quarter-mile 
east of the site of the old "Peppermint Tavern," and crossing 
Flat Mountain nearly half a mile north of the turnpike, and 
rejoining that road a few rods west of the house of Aaron 
Brown and his son Hermon, the school being situated 
where the two roads were so near together that the late Rev. 
John S. Brown related his recollection of plainly hearing from 
his home the blows of the rod applied by a sturdy school- 
ma'am to the back of a delinquent lad, whose cries of pain 
and promises of amendment added to the awe of the little 
fellow, as yet too young to go where such methods of instruc- 
tion were still in full vigor. Probably it was after the sepa- 
ration of the region beyond the summit, and the formation 


History of New Ipswich 

of District No. 8, that the No. 7 school-house, now in existence 
but used as a henhouse, was built near the house long occu- 
pied by George W. Wheeler, and at present by his son 
George S. 

•T* 'P "F "r 

(At this break in the manuscript Prof. Chandler evidently intended 
to insert descriptions of other school-houses, but as it is now difficult 
to learn those facts and the location of each is plainly marked on the 
map of the town, and as most of the structures were plain and unpre- 
tentious, a description of each one is omitted. — S. F. L.) 

In 1896 the town voted "To have the Selectmen sell No. 
6 and 7 school-houses and convert the No. 13 school-house 
into a storehouse for road machines and other tools." 

In 1899 the town voted "to give No. 8 school-house to the 
inhabitants of Wilder Village, so-called, if they would move 
it, provided the town could use it for school purposes if they 

A review of the appropriations made by the town for the 
maintenance of its schools, despite the proverbial lack of gen- 
eral interest in a presentation of columns of figures, is found 
to speak more clearly than other methods concerning the 
town's fidelity to the interests of the successive rising gene- 
rations. It exhibits a steady rise in amount, or at least a 
rise broken only by occasional brief displays of economy, 
sometimes evidently demanded by existing conditions, as in 
1775, when the necessities of preparation for the coming strug- 
gle with England caused the town to take for such purposes 
three-fourths of the highway appropriation and one-half of 
that previously granted for schools, or as during a portion of 
the Civil War, when the school money was diminished twenty 
per cent. Omitting such cases and an occasional increase 
for one or two years, probably equally explainable if the facts 
were now known, the appropriations have increased as fol- 
lows : 

The £20 of 1768 and the £40 of 1771 before mentioned 
were increased to £50 in 1773 and £60 in 1775, this last being 
reduced to £30 a few weeks later, as has been said. The 
nominal appropriations through the earlier years of the Revo- 
lution greatly increased despite the demands for military ex- 
penses, on account of the depreciation of the lawful currency, 
the grant for schools in 1780 being £5000. But since the 


School Appropriations 

price allowed for work on the highways in payment of taxes 
was $40 per day, the aspect of those figures is changed. In 
1781 there was a reversion to silver money and the school 
appropriation was £60. The schools of 1783 had £70, of 
1784 £100. of 1787 £120, which dropped through the £110 
of 1788 to £100 in 1789 and the succeeding six years; it rose 
to £125 in 1796 and £150 in 1797, at which grade, changing 
to its equivalent $500 in 1801, it remained during eight years. 
Although in 1806 and the succeeding two years it temporarily 
rose to $700, that permanent elevation was not attained until 
1825. The year 1833 gave $800, which rose through inter- 
mediate allowances of $840 and $850 to $900 in 1841, and $1000 
in 1845. 

After rising and falling, in six years apparently $1500 was 
adopted as a minimum appropriation in 1851 ; the grant has 
not fallen below that sum since that date save in the three 
years of the Civil War before mentioned. The prosperous 
years of 1868 and 1869 saw a rise to $1800 and $2000 grants, 
the last-named remaining permanent for seventeen years with 
the exception of two years at $1900, and one at $2500. The 
year 1886, however, gave only $1500, 1887 S1800, 1888 $2000. 
Since that time the appropriation has varied about equally 
between $1500 and $1800; until 1907 again set the figures at 
$2000, and 1908 broke the record by voting for $2250. 

A comparison of these later sums with the earlier one 
raises a mental query concerning the way in which those 
smaller sums met the supposed needs of the schools, and an 
examination of some of the old district records may go far to 
solve the problem. The report of the "Trustee" of the 
"South West District" reported the expenses of the year 
1798. There had been but a single term of school, which was 
kept by a "master" at three dollars per week, and with a 
term nine weeks in length instruction for the year required 
$27, besides payment for the master's board, which called for 
$9.97 more. The twelve cords of wood consumed during those 
nine weeks in the huge fireplace occupying one corner of the 
school-room was probably cut enough by the boys of the 
school to allow it to be placed upon the fire, but nevertheless 
$9.69 more of the school money was used before the fuel 
reached the school-house. Repairs to the building cost $4.84 
more, and the entire expenditure was $51.50. In later years 
there were nearly always two terms even in the smaller dis- 


History of New Ipswich 

tricts, but the summer school usually called for only $2 per 
week, equally divided between the "mistress" and the one 
who at the school meeting had "bid off" her board. As the 
term in the smaller district was usually only seven or eight 
weeks in length, there would be nearly or quite the sum of 
$40 remaining for the winter term, which with wood at little 
over one dollar per cord, and teacher's board requiring from 
seven to nine shillings, that is from $1,167^ to $1.50 per week, 
would pay a young man, often only sixteen or eighteen years 
old, or a more experienced woman for perhaps ten weeks' 

Even as late as 1850 the necessary expenses were still 
so moderate that the records of the Smithville District, which 
at that time had sixty names on its school roll in the winter 
and three-fourths as many in the summer, and employed a 
"master" and "mistress" of long and successful experience, 
show the possibility of providing for six or seven months' 
schooling with the one hundred and fifty dollars which was 
the amount usually received from the town. 

From the days when the schools were entirely under the 
control of the selectmen, subject only to the vote of the town, 
as fully as were all other town interests, to the conditions of 
the twentieth century, is a long course passing in its progress 
through a period analogous in some respects to the times of 
"States' Rights" agitation. The school districts of 1770 could 
hardly be called civic entities in any sense whatever. They 
were simply geographical divisions of the town made for the 
convenience of the scholars, but entirely under the control 
of the central magnates, the selectmen. Although the vote 
of that year directed the choice of a man by each district to 
receive the money assigned for its use, it is evident that for a 
time this was not done, and the money was placed in the 
hands of some one chosen by the selectmen as their agent 
for expending the money, or as a "trustee," this name con- 
tinuing after he was chosen by the district, as is shown in 
the old district records made after the districts had assumed 
civic personality. But the time of this assumption is uncer- 
tain. The term "prudential committee" first appears in the 
town records in 1828, when it is voted that they be chosen 
by the districts, and District No. 1 employed that term in 
the following October; but the new phrase, probably origi- 
nated by the Legislature in making formal recognition of 


District Rights 

the district system, did not reach District No. 6 until six years 
later. With the district's step into full life came a marked 
dislike of any outside supervision, manifested in occasional 
attempts to disregard all town authority. This "district 
rights" feeling was shown by the insertion of articles in the 
town warrant like the following considered about 1840: "To 
see if the town will dispense with any part of the work of 
the Superintending School Committee, so far as relates to 
examination or inspection," which suggests entire ignorance 
of any state control of school activities. Probably this diffi- 
culty was recognized later, for in 1854 the following action 
of the town was recorded : "Voted to accept the following 
resolution. Whereas the laws relative to the Superintending 
School Committee are unjust in their inception, and arbitrary 
in their enactment, inasmuch as they deprive the people of 
their right of controlling their own schools, therefore. Re- 
solved that the Representatives of this Town be requested 
to use their influence to procure such an amendment of School 
laws as shall restore the District their rights which have been 
unjustly taken from them." The records give nothing further 
concerning this action which seems so inexplicable in these 
days of the centralization of power; but some of the older 
citizens of the town remember that only a few weeks before 
this action there had been very serious trouble in one of the 
larger districts of the town, where a considerable majority 
of its citizens had become dissatisfied with the teacher of 
their school, and had applied for his dismissal by the superin- 
tending committee. In reply to the petition an investigation 
was held before this committee at which both the petitioners 
and the teacher were represented by legal counsel, and during 
two or three days witnesses were examined under oath. After 
due consideration the committee declined to assent to the 
request, and the petitioners established a private school for 
their children, who constituted about three-fifths of the school. 
As the committee at that time consisted of the pastors of 
three of the four churches of the town, who were known to 
have differed in their views of the question, and as the divi- 
sion in the district unfortunately was along church lines, the 
dissension ran through the town and probably gave the votes 
required for the passage of the resolution. The representa- 
tives elected at the meeting which passed this resolution 
were Hosea Eaton and Jonathan Hall, the latter being the 


History of New Ipswich 

Methodist pastor and a member of the school committee 
which had considered the petition. The records of the Legis- 
lature show that he presented a bill concerning the duties 
and privileges of superintending school committees, which 
was referred to the Judiciary committee, and soon after upon 
the recommendation of that committee indefinitely postponed. 

The superintending school committee seems to have been 
evolved quite slowly from the earlier condition of rule by the 
selectmen. The term first appears in the town records at 
about the same time with prudential committee, in some men- 
tion of its reports, but the names of the men composing this 
committee do not seem to be recorded until 1833. But its 
forerunner is in evidence thirty years earlier, as in 1803 it 
was "Voted to appoint a committee to inspect the several 
schools in town," and they "chose the Rev*^. M"". Farrar, 
B. Champney Esq. Supply Wilson, Seth Wheeler, Josiah 
Davis, Jun''. Dea°. James Chandler, Thaddeus Taylor, Lieut. 
Noah Bartlett, Maj"". Benj. Williams and Isaac Appleton 
Jun"".," evidently one from each of the nine districts then 
existing with the addition of the pastor by virtue of his office, 
although no mention is made of that condition of selection 
for several years. But the committee was appointed every 
year, being varied by the addition of sundry members ex 
officio, such as the preceptor of the Academy, the Baptist 
pastor, and the selectmen. The year 1808, however, seems 
to have had a faint vision of a future improvement, as the 
committee for that year was smaller and evidently selected 
on account of their fitness instead of for geographic reasons. 
The members were: — "The Selectmen, Rev"^ Stephen Farrar, 
the Hon. Tim°. Farrar Esq. the Preceptor of the Academy, 
Benjamin Champney Esq. & Nath'. D. Gould." It was also 
"Voted that said committee inspect the several schools on the 
first & last week of keeping, also call upon the Master for 
his credentials." 

This last vote suggests an inquiry concerning the nature 
of the "credentials" required in those days antedating all 
superintending committees, normal schools, or other official 
examiners provided to stand sponsor for satisfactory scholas- 
tic ability. A few aged persons still recall the days when the 
certificate of any liberally educated person, as the members of 
the "learned professions" were supposed to be, was deemed 
sufficient. The last member of the specially qualified conv 


The School Committee 

mittee, elected a century ago, furnishes an apt illustration. 
At the meeting of the Academy alumni held in 1861, Nathaniel 
D. Gould, probably the oldest of the large number present who 
were former students, was elected to preside over the fes- 
tivities, and on taking his seat began his extemporaneous in- 
augural by saying, "I claim to be one of the Alumni. Sixty- 
four years ago, I spent two weeks within the walls of the 
building first erected by the founders of the Academy." He 
did not at that time state publicly what motives prompted 
that brief academic career, but it was soon divulged that at 
least that period of attendance was necessary to obtain the 
preceptor's certificate of his fitness to fill a teacher's desk in 
some neighboring district school-house. 

The ponderous committee of from nine to twice nine mem- 
bers was chosen annually under names varying a little from 
year to year but with the same power, or lack of power, as 
at first, until 1827, but is not recorded in 1828, in which year 
two new terms appear, probably as a result of state action in 
formal recognition and authoritative regulation of the dis- 
trict schools previously evolved. New Ipswich "Voted that 
the Prudential Committees be chosen by the respective school 
Districts," and at the same time the superintending committee 
begins to be in evidence by the acceptance of its annual re- 
ports and the occasional appointment in some years of one 
citizen from each district "to visit schools in conjunction 
with School Committee." The new office did not acquire 
sufficient importance in public estimation to have its choice 
or appointment recorded among that of other town officers 
until 1838, and therefore the first incumbents are now un- 
known ; but there seems to be little doubt that it was practi- 
cally composed of the pastors of the several churches of the 
town, when their number was sufficient to form it, since such 
was the case for some years after the record of its membership 
begins, and it is recalled by some who were scholars in those 
years that in common speech there was no mention of visits 
from "the committee," but that there were periods when it 
was expected that "the ministers" would come in. 

He ***** * 

(From 1848 to 1854 the committee consisted of three men ; 
from 1854 to 1885, of one man, usually elected by ballot, 
otherwise appointed by the selectmen. Beginning with 1886 


History of New Ipswich 

the committee has been composed of three members as in 
earlier years, and since 1890 one of the board has been a 
woman, an innovation which has proved of benefit to both 
scholars and teachers. 

In 1835 there were four hundred children in our schools. 
Now in 1913 there are one hundred and thirty names on the 

As the population decreased the number of schools less- 
ened, and from the thirteen schools in 1883 the number has 
diminished to four in 1913. Following the change now nearly 
universal, our schools, ere many years, will be thoroughly 
graded, and necessarily consolidated. Thus, with the further 
advantages of the training at our Academy now open to every 
child in town, we may feel that the educational outlook for 
future generations is well up to the standard set in the earliest 
years. — S. F. L.) 




AT the time of the publication of the former history of New 
-^^ Ipswich there were still a few Revolutionary soldiers 
surviving, and a very large number who had heard the story 
of that strife from the lips of those who participated in it. 
There still remained a spirit in the tale which must needs 
have weakened and become faint, as the events of those criti- 
cal years have been obscured by later contests until they 
seem almost to have their place amid the tales of ancient his- 
tory. But on the other hand the last half-century has seen 
the scattered records of Revolutionary events collected and 
published, giving a story which may indeed be somewhat 
more prosaic than oft-repeated olden tales, but presents 
greater assurance of certainty. 

There are many problems still unsolved. Not only were 
there parties of New Ipswich patriots who devoted their 
energies for a longer or shorter period to the contest for free- 
dom, of whose names no list is known to exist and of whose 
activities while away from their homes we have no record 
save the uncertain one of tradition, but it is often uncertain 
to whom carefully preserved official records refer. The prac- 
tice, common at that time and unfortunately not yet by any 
means extinct, of giving a son the name of his father without 
any change, an abundant source of error in all historical work, 
combined with the frequent omission of the affixed "jr." in 
the case of records made at a distance from the home of the 
father, causes frequent uncertainties, several of which it has 
not been found possible to remove from the following reg- 
ister of the Revolutionary work of New Ipswich. A second 
fact is productive of still greater uncertainties. In the early 
days of this country middle names among the common people 
were almost unknown, and as a result the number of persons 
bearing identical names was very large. The concurrence of 
a name in each of several neighboring towns was not at all 
infrequent, and as the members of a company formed for 
military service were rarely from a single town, a familiar 
New Ipswich name upon a company roll is by no means 


History of New Ipswich 

conclusive evidence of New Ipswich service in that company. 
While careful search has been made for determining evidence 
in such cases, it is most probable that some questions have 
been incorrectly judged, with an admission to the roll or 
exclusion from it as a result. 

New Hampshire has done especially valuable work in this 
prolonged and oft perplexing labor of search, comparison, and 
publication ; and a few lines from the pen of Isaac W. Ham- 
mond, the editor and compiler of the Revolutionary Rolls 
and other documents of that period, and a man guided by 
a true antiquarian spirit, may perhaps fitly introduce the rec- 
ords of the men of New Ipswich, beginning with the firing 
at the North Bridge of "the shot heard round the world." 
Of that time he writes: 

Companies were formed and drilled, and when, on the nineteenth 
day of April, 1775, the crisis came, the men of New Hampshire dropped 
their implements of industry, seized whatever they could of implements 
of warfare, and by companies, by tens, by fives, and by twos hurried 
to the front. The same spirit pervaded the women, many of whom 
spent the nights of the nineteenth and twentieth in making clothes, bak- 
ing bread, and moulding bullets for their husbands and sons, bidding 
them good-bye at daylight, with a God-speed upon their tremulous lips; 
and while the men went forth to repel the invading army, the women 
tilled the soil, spun the yarn, and wove the cloth that clothed the family. 
The number of men who went from this state to Cambridge at that 
time is unknown; many were not organized in companies, some returned 
after being absent from one to two weeks, and many enlisted for eight 
months, forming the nucleus for the regiments of Stark and Reed, which 
did admirable service at Bunker Hill. 

Very few rolls of those earliest companies have been found. 
Probably in very many cases no rolls were ever written, but 
the men gathered and united under those among them selected 
at the time, because they were of those "born to command." 
But the "Roll of the men who marched from New Ipswich 
before daylight on the morning of April 20, 1775," attested 
by their captain, is preserved among the state archives. It 
contains ninety-eight names, including that of their pastor, 
whose time of service, recorded with those of his parishioners 
and fellow-soldiers, is more than twice as long as that of any 
one of them, except those who before returning home enlisted 
in other companies. 

The list of names is given below; and it is believed that 
each name borne upon it is that of a resident in the town. 


The First Uprising 

The spontaneous, indignant uprising, the almost instantaneous 
departure to protect or avenge their brother patriots, waited 
not to seek more distant organizations ; then was the time 
when the town moved as a unit. 



Thomas Heald Capt. 


Hezekiah Corey Ensign 


*Ezra Town Lieut. 

William Start Clerk 


Joseph Parker 


Isaac How Seg't 


Saml. Whittemore 


Tim" Farrar 


Simeon Hildrith 


Jno. Wilkins 


Eben' Brown 


Dan' Mansfield 


Jonas Wilson Jr 


Peter Fletcher 


Simeon Gould 


Jno. Sartell 


Jona. Davis 


Abel Miles 


Francis Fletcher 


Wm Speer 


Joseph Pollard 


♦Elijah Davis 


Nath' Pratt 


David Sanders 


Edm* Bryant 


Joseph Warren 


William Hodgkins 


Moses Tucker 


James Chandler 


Thomas Fletcher 


Jon. Brookes Serj 


Dan' Clary 


Jno. Cutter 


Isaac Farwell 


Nath' Swain 


Tim° Farwell 


Tim" Wheelock 


Nath' Melvin 


Joel Wheelock 


Jno. Walker 


Nath' Reed 


Wm Kendall 


Jesse Carlton 


Danl. Stratton 


Jno. Brown Jr. 


James Tidder 


Joseph Wright 


*Nath' Carlton 


*Samuel Soper 


Allen Breed 


Stephen Davis 


Jona. Wheet 


Robert Campbell 


Whitcomb Powers 


Thos Brown 


Joseph Bates 


Jonas Wheeler 


Chas. Barrett 


*Josiah Walton 


Isaac Appleton 


Leonard Parker 


Reuben Kidder 


Joseph Tinney 


Jere'' Underwood 


Wm Faris 


Benj. Pollard 


Ephraim Foster 


Abr" Abbott 


Daniel Foster 


Josiah Rodgers 


Samuel Foster 


Saml Haywood 


*Timo. Stearns 


Thos Farnsworth 


Benja Gibbs 


Stephen Parker 


♦Supply Wilson 


Nath' Stone 


Saml. Kinney 


Timo. Fox 


Jno. Melvin 


Nath' Farr 


*David Melvin 


Saml. Bartlett 


Josiah Davis 


James Barr 


Benja Hoar 


Amos Boynton 



History of New Ipswich 



Aaron Chamberlain 


Elear Cummings 


Rev. Stephen Farrar 


Isaac Clark 


Elijah Flagg 


Wm Shattuck 


*Josiah Brown Sgt. 


Eph"" Adams Jr 


*Benj. Williams 


Robert Harkness 


Attest Tho' Heald 

*Those marked with an asterisk enlisted in Capt. Archelaus Towne's 
company for eight months. 

It may be seen that ten of the names in this initial list 
are marked as of those who had enlisted in the company of 
Capt. Archelaus Towne, who was a resident in Amherst. But 
none of their names appear on the roll of his company, the 
organization of which did not commence until April 28, and 
then proceeded somewhat more slowly than was perhaps 
thought proper by these members of Capt. Heald's command. 
At all events, on April 23 one of their number, Ezra Towne, 
by request of the Committee of Safety, commenced the or- 
ganization of a company and had thirty names upon his roll 
on that day, which number rapidly increased to sixty-five, 
and this roll included the remaining nine names starred upon 
the roll of Capt. Heald, Josiah Brown being first lieutenant, 
Benjamin Williams first sergeant, and Supply Wilson first 
corporal. This was the fourth company in Col. James Reed's 
regiment, and its term of service is recorded as terminating 
on August 1. But the former history of the town states, 
probably on reliable authority, that "they continued to form 
part of the army employed in the Siege of Boston" until the 
departure of the British fleet. 

This company had a notable part in the battle of Bunker 
Hill, belonging as it did to the regiment of Col. James Reed, 
which was a part of the little force "at the rail fence and on 
the bank of the Mystic" of which the historian Drake says, 
"The weight of the first and second attacks was borne by 
the defenders of the rail fence, where Gen. Howe in person 
attacked, with the very flower of his army, supported by artil- 
lery." And it is said in the account of the battle made by 
the Massachusetts Committee on Safety, that "The retreat of 
this little handful of brave men (under Col. Prescott) would 
have been effectually cut ofif had it not happened that the 
flanking party of the enemy, which was to have come up on 
the back of the redoubt, was checked by a party of provin- 
cials, (Stark's, Reed's, and Knowlton's men,) who fought with 


Captain Towne's Company 

the utmost bravery and kept them from advancing farther 
than the beach." 

An examination of the roll of Capt. Ezra Towne's com- 
pany, as given below, shows thirty-five members enrolled from 
New Ipswich, eighteen from Temple, four from Washington, 
three from Peterborough, two from Mason, two from Nelson, 
while one remains with his home unmarked, but other evi- 
dence shows that he was a fourth from Peterborough. Ben- 
jamin King is recorded from Mason, but he had probably 
but just removed from town and in July is found in the roll 
of a Massachusetts regiment credited to New Ipswich. 

As shown by the note at the close of the roll its original 
is to be found in the Massachusetts archives ; and it has been 
copied for insertion here rather than the one in the New 
Hampshire archives on account of the interesting facts con- 
cerning residence not given on the New Hampshire roll. The 
two lists of names difiter sufficiently to show that neither is 
a copy of the other, and yet they are practically the same, 
the differences, with the exception of "Arthur Kirkwood" in 
one being "Archer Churchwood" in the other, being such 
errors as might result from misunderstanding of a name un- 
familiar to the recording officer. There is, however, one 
rather more important difference in respect to the date of 
the death of David Scott, which according to the New Hamp- 
shire record should be "kill'd June 17," while the Massa- 
chusetts one gives June 16 as the day of his death. The color 
of the ink in this record suggests a comparatively recent date 
for that inscription, and the greater probability of death on 
the day of the battle has caused a change to be made to the 
New Hampshire date in the roll here given. 

The loss sustained by the New Ipswich company in this 
so sharply contested struggle is not recorded, and tradition 
after this length of time cannot be very reliable. But it seems 
to have been much smaller than would have been expected 
in such conditions. Apparently there was no other death 
beside that above mentioned, and the names of but few 
wounded men are known. Josiah Walton was not expected 
to recover from a severe wound in his shoulder and neck, 
but his recovery proved sufficient to return him to his place 
in the ranks before the discharge of the company from ser- 
vice. Asa Adams was also seriously injured, but the former 
history gives no more names, and other sources fail to make 
more definite the statement that "several were wounded." 


History of New Ipswich 












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History of New Ipswich 

The roll of Capt. Jonathan Whitcomb's company, also in 
the regiment of Col. Reed, bears the names of Moses Tucker, 
Abel Estabrooks, and Sergt. Amos Boynton, and the roll of 
Capt. Benj. Mann's company in the same regiment the names 
of Nathaniel Farr, Simeon Hildreth, and John Thomas. 

The next military activity of New Ipswich, manifested very 
soon after the battle of Bunker Hill, is recorded in the former 
history in the following words : "It was supposed that the 
British would march out to attack our lines at Cambridge, 
and a company of about thirty left town immediately, and 
soon reached the army ; but after a short stay, finding their 
services could be dispensed with, they returned home." No 
further record of this expedition has been found. Very prob- 
ably the company did not really enter the service, and their 
names were never recorded. 

No further service is known to have been offered from 
the town for several months ; but near the close of the year 
a very urgent call was made, to which a response was given 
with no less promptness and ardor than had characterized 
the previous action of the town. The urgency of the need is 
presented by the following extract from a letter of Gen. John 
Sullivan, in command at Winter Hill near Boston, to the New 
Hampshire Committee of Safety, bearing date November 30, 
1775. "I have by command of General Washington to inform 
you. That the Connecticut forces (Deaf to the entreaties of 
their own as well as all other officers & regardless of the con- 
tempt with which their own Government threatens to treat 
them on their return) have absolutely refused to tarry till 
the first day of January, but will quit the lines on the 6th of 
Decemb^ They have deceived us & their officers by pretend- 
ing there would be no difficulty with them till they have got 
so near the close of their term ; and now to their Eternal In- 
famy demand a bounty to induce them to tarry only the three 
weeks. This is such an Insult to every American that we 
determined to release them at the expiration of their term 
at all hazards & find ourselves obliged immediately to supply 
their places with Troops from New Hampshire & Massachu- 
setts Bay." The call upon New Hampshire was for thirty- 
one companies, a little less than two thousand men, to serve 
until the fifteenth of January. The Committee met on De- 
cember 2, and the companies were raised and forwarded with 
such alacrity that only six days later Gen. Sullivan wrote to 


New Hampshire's Leadership 

the Committee saying: "General Washington and all the 
other officers are extremely pleased & bestow the highest 
encomiums on you and your troops, freely acknowledging that 
the New Hampshire Forces for bravery & resolution far sur- 
pass the other Colonies & that no Province discovers so much 
zeal in the common cause." 

It is very unfortunate that no record is known to exist 
of the New Ipswich men who had a part in this act of relief 
to the army and of rebuke to those who had failed to accept 
their opportunity for special service. There is a roll of the 
commissioned officers of each one of the thirty-one companies, 
in which New Ipswich is credited with one company of which 
Eleazer Cummings was captain, Henry Forgerson first lieu- 
tenant, and Ezekiel Goodale second lieutenant. Blood's his- 
tory of Temple gives the names of eighteen men of that town 
who enlisted at that time for a period of six weeks and the 
name of Ezekiel Goodale is among them. Moreover, at a 
later date he is termed "Lieut. Goodale." It may therefore 
be concluded that New Ipswich and Temple united in the 
formation of this company ; and as the former New Ipswich 
history states that the New Ipswich contribution to its ranks 
numbered twenty-six, there remain twenty men of the full 
company who came from some other place or places not yet 

The year 1776, during which the issues of the contest 
were so unmistakably defined, witnessed the response of New 
Ipswich men to six calls for service in what was really, though 
still but dimly, becoming recognized to be a national army. 
Concerning the first of these no record of details is known 
to exist, and tradition has so faded that nothing concerning 
the part of New Ipswich can be added to the few lines given 
in the former town history, where it is said : "In February 
of this year a call was made for men to reinforce the army 
attempting the conquest of Canada. Seventeen men were 
raised, who proceeded, under Capt. Towne, by the way of 
Lake Champlain, as far as St. Johns ; but the failure of 
Arnold's attempt on Quebec, and the retreat from Montreal, 
terminated the expedition, and they returned." The practi- 
cal truth of this tradition is certified and a few additional 
details are furnished by a petition of Capt. Towne now in 
the New Hampshire archives and published in the State Pa- 


History of New Ipswich 

pers which have given so great aid in the preparation of this 
chapter. The petition is as follows : 

To the General Court of the State of New Hampshire 

The Petition of Ezra Town of New Ipswich in said State humbly 
shows that he in January AD 1776 commanded a company in the service 
of the United States, and that his Men went into Canada then to Albany 
in the same year and on the first of December in the same year his 
company marched to Pennsylvania and continued there until the first 
day of Jan^ following and soon after his company was dismissed without 
rations or any subsistence money to carry them home. 

New Ipswich 30*'" Jan'' 1786. Ezra Towne 

This petition receiving no favorable attention, two years 
later he presented another containing the additional facts that 
his company was in Gen. James Reed's regiment, and that 
they were discharged at Morristown, N. J., February 13, 1777. 

The next call for aid was from the Northern army on 
Lake Champlain ; and during the spring Capt. Joseph Parker 
raised a company which joined the army in July. Eighteen 
men of New Ipswich are said in the former history to have 
enlisted in this company; but it is by no means an easy task 
to determine which fourth part of the ninety-three names 
borne upon its roll were from the town. Capt. Parker was 
the only one of the commissioned officers included in this 
portion of the company, as Ensign John Taggart was from 
Peterborough, and the Lieutenants, Daniel Rand and David 
Hunter, bear surnames not found in the New Ipswich records 
of that date. The following list, however, seems to contain 
the New Ipswich section of the company. 

Joseph Parker, Capt. 

Simeon BuUard Serjt. Samuel Parker 

Isaac Preston, Corp. Whitcomb Powers 

Allen Breed, Corp. William Scott 

Jonas Adams, Corp. Nathaniel Stratton 

Stephen Adams Peter Shattuck 

Ephraim Adams Nathaniel Melvin 

Allen Breed Jr. James Wilson 

James Chandler Levi Spaulding 

Simeon Hildreth Jonathan Wheat 

Leonard Parker John Thomas 

The period of this company's service is uncertain; they were 
mustered in July 18, and are believed to have served through 
the autumn. 


Captain Smith's Company 

In the following September a company enlisted from New 
Ipswich and neighboring towns included with it in the militia 
regiment of Col. Enoch Hale was united with seven or more 
companies raised from different militia regiments and marched 
under the command of Col. Nahum Baldwin to reinforce the 
army in New York. This company was under the command 
of Capt. Abijah Smith of New Ipswich, Lieut. James Crombie 
being from Rindge, and Ensign Robert Fletcher from Temple. 
They served about three months, during which they were 
in the battle at White Plains, but were not so situated as to 
suffer. The entire body returned home early in the winter. 
The same difficulty is presented in this company as in that 
of Capt. Joseph Parker, but it is believed that the following 
names form nearly the correct list for New Ipswich. 

Abijah Smith, Capt. 

Benjamin Adams Abel Estabrook 

Eli Adams Jonathan Kinney 

Ephraim Adams John Knowlton 

Thomas Adams Stephen Pierce 

Isaac Appleton Nathaniel Stone 

Benjamin Cutter Supply Wilson 

John Cutter Joseph Wright 
Jonas Button 

Under date of Oct. 24, 1775, Oliver Prescott wrote to Henry 
Gardner : "Twenty-six men march this day from the town 
of New Ipswich" to Ticonderoga. — American Archives, Vol. 
2, p. 1227. 

In October there marched from the counties of Hills- 
borough and Cheshire, on the requisition of General Gates, a 
small body of men to reinforce the army at Ticonderoga. It 
is doubtful if the only roll of this force which is known to 
have been preserved, and which was discovered in the Pen- 
sion Bureau at Washington, is at all complete, as of the 
thirty-nine names which it bears are those of Lieut.-Col. 
Thomas Heald and Adjutant Isaac How of New Ipswich, a 
captain and a lieutenant from Rindge, the same from Temple, 
eight sergeants, a corporal, and only twenty-four privates. 
In this roll the residence of each man is stated, and New Ips- 
wich is credited with Sergeants William Strate, John Brooks, 
and Benjamin Williams, and Privates Josiah Brown, Peter 
Fletcher, Francis Fletcher, Edmund Towne, Stephen Parker, 
Thomas Farnsworth, Timothy Wheelock, Joseph Wright, 
Joel Wheelock, Timothy Stearns, Henry Fletcher, Daniel 


History of New Ipswich 

Adams, and Nathaniel Pratt. This detachment was absent 
about three months, having been on duty at Fort Independ- 

The conditions of the next call for troops are thus stated 
in the first volume of "Revolutionary Rolls" of New Hamp- 
shire. "In answer to a requisition from General Washington, 
the legislature on the fourth day of December, 1776, 'Voted, 
That five hundred men be Draughted from the several Regi- 
ments in this State as soon as possible, and ofificered 8i sent 
to New York.' * * * * ^1-,^ cause of this call 
was, that the terms of service of the troops in garrison at 
Fort George and Ticonderoga would expire on the last day 
of December, and if their places were not filled those posts 
would fall into the hands of General Sir Guy Carleton." 

Francis Towne of Rindge was captain of a company in 
Col. D^vid Gilman's regiment of this levy, and the roll of his 
company bears the following names the same as those of 
residents in New Ipswich, and names which appear on other 
rolls with those of New Ipswich soldiers. 

Simeon Gould, Serjt. David Sanders 

Stephen Parker, Serjt. Thomas Adams 

John Bryant, Drum^ William Priest 

Isaac Adams Isaac Proctor 

Elijah Mansfield Daniel Adams 

Abel Dutton Edmund Towne 

Asa Gibbs Peter Fletcher 
iVsa Perham 

The record of New Ipswich soldiers of 1776 closes with 
the names of Thomas Brown, Josiah Fletcher, Simeon Gould, 
William Hodgkins, Henry Knowlton, Abner Preston, Jesse 
Walker, and Jonas Wheeler, found upon the roll of the com- 
pany of Capt. Samuel Atkinson "stationed at Coos in Haver- 
hill under the directions of the Committee appointed for said 
purpose Decemb"" 1, 1776," and they are added to the previous 
lists of the year on similar evidence to that which seemed 
to demand the same recognition of the list immediately 

It may justly be claimed that New Ipswich, during the 
year of the nation's birth, held a worthy place in the state 
of which it has been written that "New Hampshire performed 
her share of the work of 1776 in full, as she had the year 
before, responding ably and patriotically to every call made 


The Continental Army 

upon her for men. In several instances her troops remained 
in the service beyond their terms of enlistment, notwithstand- 
ing they were of necessity scantily fed and clothed, and poorly 
provided with protection against the inclemency of the 
weather. In no instance, when the exigency of the occasion 
seemed to require their services beyond their terms of en- 
listment, were they appealed to in vain." 

The next year was entered with the same spirit, and with 
a clearer realization of the true issue. The last town meeting 
called in New Ipswich 'Tn His Majesty's Name" was the 
annual meeting held in March, 1775. No authority had been 
named in the warrants for the numerous meetings necessi- 
tated by the conditions of the succeeding two years, but the 
annual meeting held March 10, 1777, was called 'Tn name of 
the Government and People of the State of New Hampshire." 

During this year the military interest of the state naturally 
centered upon the Northern army and the movements in the 
region of Ticonderoga. The strengthening national thought 
was evidenced in the three New Hampshire Continental regi- 
ments commanded by Colonels Joseph Cilley, Nathan Hale, 
and Alexander Scammell. The comparative inefficiency of 
brief periods of service had been demonstrated by sad ex- 
perience, and some more systematic method of filling the 
ranks had become necessary. The return of Enoch Hale of 
Rindge, colonel of the Fourteenth Regiment of militia, made 
early in this year, shows the radical change in conditions 
since the day of the "Concord Fight." A portion of it is given 
below: — 

State of New Hampshire 

To the Hon"'* Committee of Safety for said State Pursuant to 
orders Received in April A. D. 1777 directing me to Raise one hundred 
and nineteen men to serve in the Continental Armey for three years 
or during the war I have Proportioned the men to the several Towns 
or Companys in my Regiment as follows (viz) 

New Ipswich 22 Marlborough 6 

Rindge 17 Stoddard 6 

Temple 13 Packersfield 5 

Peterborough 14 Washington 4 

Jaffrey 14 Slip Town 2 

Fitzwilliam 8 

Dublin 8 119 


History of New Ipswich 

New Ipswich Returned Twenty one men 

Silas Gill Jacob Potter 

Ephraim Foster Ephraim Severance 

John Yeaman Moses Farnorth 

Levi Adams Ithamar Wheelock 

Jonas Adams William Prichard 

Rolins Colburn Abner Preston & 

Nath' Hase William Hueitt 

in Capt. Farwells Com'y Col° Silleys Regiment — and 

Asa Gibbs Daniel Foster 

Asa Pearham Ebenezer Fletcher & 

Sam' Foster John Johnson 

in Cap' Carr^ Comp'y Col° Hale' Regiment — they likewise Returned 
William Scott in said Carr' Company that they hired from Peterborough 
Slip Being one that Sliptown Returned and say that Sliptown neglect 
to pay back their money. 

It should not be inferred that the men responding to the 
definite call upon each town had been secured by means of 
a draft. In fact, the payroll of Capt. Farwell's company dated 
nearly a year later has several of the names in this list credited 
with service beginning at an earlier date than the time of 
the reception of the order to Col. Enoch Hale mentioned in 
his return, but probably they had not been reported to the 
Committee of Safety before the order for new recruits had 
been issued. This later list difl:'ers from the one given above 
by having the name of Samuel Potter, which other records 
show correct, instead of Jacob Potter, and by the absence of 
the name of John Yeaman and William Hueitt. What was 
undoubtedly an error is also corrected and Moses Farnsworth 
appears in place of the earlier abridged form. Bunker Clark, 
who was certainly a resident in New Ipswich, is credited to 
Packersfield. William Hewitt appears in other places as a 
member of that company and receipts for his bounty and 
wages at Valley Forge in 1778. John Yeaman also is found 
(with a slight change in his name) in another company of 
the same regiment. Capt. Isaac Farwell was of Charlestown, 
and is probably not the Isaac Farwell who went from New 
Ipswich at the time of the Concord alarm. The first lieutenant 
was James Taggart of Peterborough, the second lieutenant 
Jeremiah Pritchard of New Ipswich, and the ensign Jonathan 
Willard of Charlestown. Rawlins Colborn and Levi Adams 
held warrants of first and second sergeants. The company 
of the Second Regiment containing the remainder of the April 
levy was commanded by Capt. James Carr of Somersworth, 


Reinforcements for Ticonderoga 

the first lieutenant being Samuel Cherry of Londonderry, the 
second lieutenant Peletiah Whittemore of New Ipswich, and 
the ensign George Frost of Greenland. 

The service of these men did not terminate in three years, 
as the names of several of them are found later to continue 
"during the war." But now attention, which had been tempo- 
rarily somewhat diverted from the region of Ticonderoga, was 
abruptly recalled. "On the evening of the 2d day of May, 
1777, dispatches were received by the committee of safety 
of this state, informing them that the garrison at Ticonderoga 
was in danger of being taken by the enemy, and urging that 
the militia be sent forward at once to reenforce that important 
post." Messages were at once sent to the colonels of the 
regiments situated along the western line of the state urging 
them "by all that is sacred to raise as many of your Militia 
as possible and march theni to Ticonderoga." Col. Enoch 
Hale was not one of those nearest to the seat of danger, and 
therefore specially called upon, but none the less fifty-four 
men were gathered from that regiment who marched on May 
6 for Ticonderoga, under the command of Capt. Josiah Brown 
of New Ipswich. It is impossible to be perfectly sure how 
many of this company were from New Ipswich. The former 
history speaks of this as "a company of twenty-four men," 
which probably is the traditional number of its New Ipswich 
members. The entire roll is here presented, and those names 
which are doubtless the names of New Ipswich men, or which 
from other facts seem most probably to be of that town, are 
marked with an asterisk. 

*Josiah Brown, Capt. Jos. Stanley 

Asa Sherwin, 1st Lt. Moses Hale 

*SamueI Howard, 2d Lt. John Emery 

*Benj. Williams, Ens. Abel Piatt 

Jona. Ingals, Serjt. Saml. Chaplin 

*Ezra Morse, Serjt. Moses Chaplain 

Abraham Brooks, Serjt. Peter Webster 

William Robb, Serjt. Amos Ingals 

♦Abel Easterbrooks, Corp. *Thomas Brown 

Jona. Putnam, Corp. *James Tidder 

Jona. Morse, Corp. *Nathl. Pratt 

Israel Keys, Corp. *Nathl. Farr 

Silas Angier *Jona. Parker 

David Adams *John Wheeler 

♦Samuel Adams *Isaac Farwell 

William Thomson *Daniel Clary 


History of New Ipswich 

* Nathan Cutter 
*Saml. Walker 
*Jesse Walker 
*Elijah Davis 
*Peter Shadduck 
*John Thomas 
*John Yarmon 
David Townsend 
John Patten 
*Richard Stickney 
Eben Severance 
Benja. Severance 

Jona. Marshall 
*Danl. Morse 
Joshua Greenwood 
*Asa Pratte 
Thos. Smith 
Thos. Davidson 
Joseph Farrar 
Jason Rice 
Eben Spaulding 
John White 
Aaron Beals 

Most of this company continued in service at Ticonderoga 
about six weeks, and were then discharged. But they had 
hardly scattered to their homes when the capture of Crown 
Point and the rapid advance of Burgoyne upon Ticonderoga 
made the crisis more imperative in its call for aid from the 
militia. On June 29 Capt. Brown again started at the head 
of a company of forty-eight men, this time a solid company 
of the town; having reached Number Four (Charlestown), 
they were ordered to return, and arrived at Rindge on July 3. 
But here they were overtaken by orders again reversing their 
course, and the first anniversary of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence was spent while following again the route westward. 
Only as far as Rutland, however, for there they met the army 
in retreat. Apparently about half the company returned home 
directly from Rindge, as they are credited on the roll with 
only five days' service and were discharged on the third of 
July instead of the twelfth. 

The roll is given below: 

Josiah Brown, Capt. 
Edmund Bryant, Lieut. 
Isaac Clark, Lieut. 
Hezekiah Corey, Ensign 
John Brooks, Serjt. 
Thomas Brown, Serjt. 
Josiah Walton, Serjt. 
Elijah Davis, Serjt. 
Elijah Morse, Corpl. 
Stephen Hildreth, Corpl. 
Allen Breed, Corpl. 
Nathan Wesson, Corpl. 
William Kendall 
Ebenezer Bullard 
William Plodgkins 
Asa Parker 

Ephraim Stevens 
Joseph Felt 
Whitcomb Powers 
Jona Easterbrooks 
William Spear, Junr. 
Nehemiah Stratton 
Phineas Adams 
John Knight 
John Thomas 
Peter Shattuck 
Joseph Pollard 
Edmund Sawtel 
Jonathan Davis 
Stephen Adams 
Leonard Parker 
David Melvin 


Colonel Heald's Detachment 

Amos Wheeler William Richards 

Nat. Carlton Timothy Fox 

Nat Swain Josiah Rogers 

Zebediah Whittemore Joseph Tinney 

Nat Melvin John Warner 

Peter Fletcher John Cutter 

Stephen Parker Wm Spears 

Josiah Fletcher David Elliot 

Thirty of the members of this company were provided 
with horses, and it is said that the march was largely taken 
by the "ride and tie" method. 

Apparently the other companies of Col. Enoch Hale's reg- 
iment did not turn out in response to the call to Ticonderoga 
in as large numbers as that under Capt. Josiah Brown ; but 
a detachment of the regiment marched under command of 
Lieut. -Col. Thomas Heald of New Ipswich, Francis Fletcher, 
the adjutant, being also from that town. This detachment 
contained portions of five companies, and the names of New 
Ipswich men are found on the roll of each of those companies, 
although it is impossible to determine with certainty they 
were not residents of other localities bearing the same name. 
But no evidence appears to cause the following names to be 
refused as New Ipswich soldiers. 

In the company of Capt. Salmon Stone of Rindge : Reuben 
Russell, Samuel Russell, Samuel Walker, John Knowlton. 

In the company of Capt. Roger Gilmore of Jaffrey : 
Thomas Adams. 

In the company of Capt. Silas Wright of Stoddard : Asa 
Adams, Eli Adams, William Button, Henry Spaulding, Jotham 
Hoar, Stephen Parker, John Harkness, Amos Prichard, Jonas 
Wheeler, Samuel Haywood, Benjamin Safford, Josiah Davis, 
Simeon Blanchard, Richard Wheeler, Jesse Walker, John 
Sartwell, (probably Sawtell,) Simeon Hildrick, Josiah 

In the company of Capt. Alexander Robbe of Peter- 
borough : William Scott, William Blair. 

In the company of Capt. James Lewis of Marlborough : 
Moses Tucker, Ezra Town, Oliver Wright. 

These men in Col. Heald's detachment, like those under 
Capt. Brown, served not more than fourteen days, and about 
half of them only five days. 

A company also marched on the same errand from Fitz- 
william and towns adjacent, under the command of Capt. 


History of New Ipswich 

John Mellin, and on the roll of this company appear the names 
of Moses Tucker, Oliver Wright, Samuel Soper, and Abel 
Estabrooks. It is evident that the distinction between father 
and son w^as neglected in respect to the name of Capt. 
I Tucker ; but even that explanation is insufficient for the name 
\ Oliver Wright, which not only appears in the rolls of Cap- 
tains Lewis and Mellin, and as both ensign and private in the 
latter company he was apparently promoted, but also on the 
rolls of the companies of Capt. Christopher Webber and of 
Lieut. Henry Adams, which also made brief expeditions to 
relieve the endangered Ticonderoga. There can be little 
doubt that the Oliver Wright in at least one of these com- 
panies was of New Ipswich. 

The threatening advance of Burgoyne after his successes 
at Ticonderoga and Hubbardton left to the Americans no 
escape from more strenuous endeavor than the recent move- 
ments had proved to be, and on the tenth of July a company 
of seventy-one men, of whom thirty-seven were from neigh- 
boring towns, mostly from Peterboro or Temple, left New 
Ipswich and joined the Northern army under General Gates 
at Stillwater. The thirty-four men believed to be from, New 
Ipswich were as enrolled below: 

Stephen Parker, Capt. Richard Wheeler 

Benjamin Williams, Ensign. Amos Wheeler 

Archibald White, Sergt. William Upton 

Whitcomb Powers, Corpl. Edmund Sawtel 

Samuel Lewis, Corpl. Nehemiah Stratton 

Samuel Lowell, Drummer. John Knight 

Simeon Hildreth, Fifer. Francis Appleton 

Allen Breed Jotham Hoar 

Allen Breed, Jr. Samuel Wheeler 

Samuel Walker Daniel Foster 

Benjamin Safford Richard Stickney 

Josiah Walton William Blair 

David Rumrill Levi Spaulding 

Zebediah Whittemore Henry Spaulding 

Peter Fletcher Abel Dutton 

Ephraim Stevens Silas Taylor 

Jonathan Parker Eli Adams 

This company's service extended through two months, 
during which it had a part in the battle of Bennington, and 
it was discharged on the twenty-sixth of September. A few 
of the names are doubtful, and are claimed by other towns 
having citizens bearing the same name. 


Captain Briant's Company 

The former history of the town gives a brief account of 
an attempt to divide the American force made by the British 
at about this time, in the form of a false alarm concerning 
a projected raid from the north for the purpose of chastising 
the towns along the Connecticut river. The plan succeeded 
in New Ipswich to the extent of starting a party of eleven 
men northward to take a part in the needed defence, their 
absence continuing about a month. No names are given ex- 
cept that of their commander, William Clary; and no record 
of its doings having come to light, it is necessarily left with- 
out further mention. 

At almost exactly the time of the discharge of Capt. 
Parker's company another company of fifty-five men was 
formed and marched from the town to join the army at Sara- 
toga. All the commissioned officers were of New Ipswich, 
as were the greater part of the other members, only about 
twelve being from other towns. The roll, omitting the names 
from other towns, is here given : 

Edmund Briant, Capt. Ephraim Hildreth 

Moses Tucker, Lieut. William Hewett 

Isaac Clarke, Lieut. Amos Prichard 

Simeon Gould, Serjt. Samuel Parker 

John Brooks, Serjt. Nat Pratt 

William Start, Serjt. Joel Russell 

Joseph Tinney, Corpl. William Richards 

Joseph Pollard, Corpl. Nat Stone 

Thomas Brown, Corpl. Joseph Stickney 

Nathaniel Swain, Drum. William Spear 

Jonas Wilson, Fife Peter Shattuck 

Francis Appleton David Sanders 

Ephraim Adams John Scott 

Phineas Adams Edmund Towne 

Aaron Chamberlain James Tidder 

Henry Carlton John Thomas 

John Clarey Jonas Wheeler 

Francis Fletcher Jesse Walker 

Thomas Farnsworth Elijah Morse 

William Farr Abel Miles 

Robert Harkness Jonathan Wheelock 
Stephen Hildreth 

This company was discharged on October 25, but that 
brief month of service included the time of the battle of Still- 
water and the surrender of Burgoyne, and so to the people 
of New Hampshire it ever seemed the "beginning of the end." 


History of New Ipswich 

And in truth the frequent calls for service of a few days 
or a few weeks had ceased, and during the first half of the 
year 1778 attention to necessarily neglected home duties could 
be resumed. Still, as early as June, 1777, Governor Nicholas 
Cooke of Rhode Island had applied to the legislature of New 
Hampshire for aid against three thousand British troops from 
whom an attack seemed imminent, and about three hundred 
men were sent in response to the call. But no names recog- 
nizable as being of New Ipswich men are found on the rolls 
of those companies, and the officers whose places of residence 
are recorded were from somewhat distant localities, from 
which it may reasonably be concluded that New Ipswich had 
no part in that expedition. Just before the close of the six 
months which was the term of enlistment of that detach- 
ment, another message from Governor Cooke was received 
asking that troops might be sent to take their place, and 
stating "that they would be in a deplorable condition without 
continued military aid from New Hampshire." This request 
was considered by the state authorities and on January 1, 
1778, the House of Representatives voted to send the needed 
assistance. But the enlistments seemed to be less prompt 
than at the time of the previous call, and while the exact 
time of the departure for Rhode Island is uncertain, an order 
to the colonels of militia, passed on May 29, to draft three 
hundred men for that service shows that there was probably 
nearly six months interval between the call and its full an- 
swer. This second levy of troops was discharged December 
30, having served for different periods, but few longer than 
six months. The three hundred men comprised six compa- 
nies, one of which, commanded by Capt. Simon Marston of 
Deerfield, bore upon its roll the following New Ipswich 
names : Joseph Farrar, Timothy Farrar, Joseph Felt, Simeon 
Gould, '"Samuel Morse, whose periods of service varied from 
three to six months. 

This regiment, apparently raised with great difficulty, al- 
though the lists of recruits and of the bounties paid them 
make it probable that the required men were secured without 
resort to the draft, was yet insufficient to drive the British 
forces from the state, and in August New Hampshire sent a 
brigade to assist, containing five regiments and amounting 
to a little over one thousand men, who served three or four 
weeks. One of these regiments, containing only one hundred 


Colonel Hale's Regiment 

and twenty men, was commanded by Col. Enoch Hale of 
Rindge, the major and adjutant being Joseph Parker and 
Isaac Howe, both of New Ipswich. Each of its three compa- 
nies contained men from the same town, the greater part of 
them being in the company of Capt. Robert Fletcher of Tem- 
ple, the roll of which is here given omitting names of men 
believed to be from other towns. 

Moses Tucker, Lieut. John Knight 

Benjamin Williams, Ensign Joseph Pollard 

Simeon Gold, Serjt. Maj. Nehemiah Stratton 

John Brooks, Serjt. William Spear 

Leonard Parker, Serjt. Thomas Spaulding 

Whitcomb Powers, Corpl. Peter Fletcher 

Jonathan Davis, Corpl. James Tidder 

Francis Appleton John Thomas 

Stephen Adams Jr. William Webber 

Allen Breed Josiah Walton 

Ebenr. Bullard Jonas Wheeler 

Nathan Cutter Samuel Wheeler 

Nathan Champney Abel Button 

Henry Carlton Samuel Farnsworth 

Benjamin Gibbs David Haw^s 

William Hodgkins Daniel Kenney 
Jona. Kenney 

The second company, commanded by Capt. Samuel 
Twitchell of Dublin, seems to have contained the following 
New Ipswich men: Ephraini Adams, Benjamin Cutter, John 
Knowlton, Daniel Morse, Ezra Morse, Isaac Proctor; and the 
third company, commanded by Capt. James Lewis of Marl- 
borough, had Moses Tucker, first sergeant, and Samuel 
Adams, corporal. 

Still the Rhode Island problem remained unsolved, and in 
June, 1779, the regiments of militia were called upon to fur- 
nish a third time three hundred men for the same duty. Of 
this number. Col. Enoch Hale was directed to raise eighteen, 
and if New Ipswich maintained the same ratio to the other 
towns of the regiment that she had two years previously, the 
town quota was necessarily three ; it is recorded that on July 
5 that number of men were mustered into service for six 
months to the credit of the town by Col. Thomas Heald, one 
of them, however, coming from Temple, one from Westmore- 
land, leaving only Isaac Taylor as a New Ipswich resident, 
and he in other places is credited to Temple, unless there 
were two soldiers bearing that name. 


History of New Ipswich 

A little later the following men were mustered in to aid 
in filling the three New Hampshire Continental regiments, all 
being credited to New Ipswich, although some of them may 
have been so in the most technical sense only. The list was : 
Jonathan Parker, James Whipple, Hezekiah Wetherbee, Heze- 
kiah Sartwell (Sawtell probably), Asahel Powers. 

No record is found of the New Ipswich men who joined 
the expedition against the Indians near Seneca Lake, nor of 
the thirty-one others who went under Capt. Joseph Parker 
on the enduring Rhode Island concern, both mentioned in 
the former history as among the activities of the year, and 
therefore nothing can be added to the brief mention there 

The review of the events from 1775 to 1779 shows a change 
analogous to that which the older men of the present recall 
in the later years of the Civil War. The enthusiasm of the 
first months had paled, and however firm the determination 
yet remained, the expectation of marked victories to be 
achieved during a few weeks' campaign had passed like the 
dreams of childhood. The picturesque element in the strife 
had disappeared, and the necessity of an equable distribution 
of the burdens of the war in constantly increasing measure 
controlled the methods employed for the maintenance of the 
army in the field. Soldiers still were found to fill the quota 
required of each regiment or town, and this without resort 
to a draft; but the nominal volunteering became more and 
more a business proceeding, a service in the field in response 
to a bounty which greatly tended to equalize the burden. The 
following statement by the editor of the Revolutionary Papers 
before mentioned indicates the extent to which the commer- 
cial element had of necessity become closely incorporated 
with patriotic movements of that date. He writes : 

"On the 16th day of June, 1780, the legislature passed an 
act ordering six hundred men to be raised to recruit the three 
regiments in the continental army from this state. The com- 
mittee of safety was directed to give orders to the regimental 
commanders to raise their several quotas. * * * 
The men were to furnish their own clothing, knapsacks, and 
blankets, and serve till the last day of December next follow- 
ing, or be liable to a fine of five hundred dollars. They were 
to be paid forty shillings per month 'in Money equal to In- 
dian Corn at Four Shillings a Bushel, Grass-fed Beef at Three 


Three-Months Men 

Pence per Pound, or Sole-Leather at Eighteen Pence a Pound.' 
They were also to have five pounds each for clothing money, 
two dollars in paper currency per mile for travel, and money 
for rations until they could draw continental rations." In 
response to this very definite proposal the six men required 
of New Ipswich volunteered. They were John Goold, Allen 
Kreed, Henry Carlton, Peter Bullard, Ebenezer Bullard, and 
Samuel Walker. These men probably served in New Jersey. 

Before the close of the month of June, the legislature 
voted to raise 945 men for a term of three months, to reen- 
force the army at West Point. Sixty-three of this number 
were to be furnished by Col. Enoch Hale's regiment, from 
which it would seem that the quota of New Ipswich was 
either eleven or twelve. A careful examination of the rolls 
of the sixteen companies composing the two regiments into 
which this levy was divided fails to determine with full satis- 
faction the names of the New Ipswich men there included. 
But the following list is probably approximately correct. 

In the company of Capt. Benjamin Spaulding: Daniel 
Adams, Ensign, Isaac Preston, Sergt., Jeremiah Underwood, 
Abel Button, John Breed, William Upton, Eli Upton, Asa 

In the company of Capt. Jonas Kidder : Simeon Fletcher. 
Jonathan Davis, Joseph Davis. 

Some time during the year a sally of tories from Canada 
into the state of Vermont, proceeding as far as Royalton, 
awakened a spontaneous movement like those of the earlier 
years, and sixty-five men, all or very nearly all of whom 
were from New Ipswich, started on horseback to meet the 
especially offensive attack. This force, under the command 
of Lieut.-Col. Thomas Heald, was divided into two companies, 
the rolls of which are given below. They were gone only 
four days, during which the smaller company travelled forty- 
five miles, for which they presented an account amounting 
to £34 10s., and the larger thirty-five miles, with an account 
of £90 2s. They were : 

Edmund Bryant, Capt. Silas Davis 

Isaac Clark, Lieut. John Gould 

Benjamin Williams, Lieut. Joseph Stickney Jr. 

Jeremiah Prichard Benjamin Adams Jr. 

Thomas Brown John Adams 

Josiah Walton Amos Baker 

John Brown Jr. Samuel Speer 


History of New Ipswich 

William Speer Jr. 
John Cutter 
William Prichard 
Jonathan Fletcher 
Ephraim Adams Jr. 
Elijah Davis 

Joseph Parker, Capt. 
Moses Tucker, Lieut. 
James Chandler, Ens. 
John Brooks, Sergt. 
Leonard Parker 
Allen Breed, Sergt. 
William Faris 
Ebenezer Knight 
Enos Knight Jr. 
Samuel Cummings 
Ebenezer Fletcher 
Thomas Spaulding 
Timothy Fox 
William Shattuck 
Jonathan Twist 
William Hodgkins 
Levi Farr 
Nathaniel Farr 
Isaac Bartlett 
Jotham Hoar 

Josiah Brown 
Thomas Kidder 
Thomas Fletcher Jr. 
William Clary- 
Edmund Town 

Ephraim Hildreth 
Joseph Warren 
Jesse Walker 
Amos Boynton 
Joel Baker 
Stephen Pierce 
Samuel Fletcher 
Stephen Adams Jr. 
John Pratt 
Edward Pratt 
Nathaniel Pratt 
Isaac Farwell 
Edmund Farwell 
John Gowing 
Robert Cambell 
Thad Taylor 
Reuben Taylor 
Hezekiah Hodgkins 
John Wheeler, Jr. 

It may be noticed that two of the names on the Royalton 
Alarm list, John Gould and Allen Breed, are also included 
in the six names of men enlisting on the six-months call of 
the year, and recorded as serving from July 2 to December 14. 
Evidently therefore the Royalton event was earlier than 
July. The records mention it as an occurrence of the year 
1780 several times, but give no more definite date. 

In February, 1781, the town was called upon to furnish 
twelve more soldiers for the Continental army, and is credited 
with the following recruits, eight of whom had before been 
credited with from one to five terms of service. 

Nehemiah Stratton 
Phineas Adams 
Samuel Walker 
Peter BuUard 
Amos Baker 
John Adams 

Stephen Adams 
Jesse Walker 
John Bullard 
Joel Baker 
Joseph Proctor 
John Thomas 

A few names more complete the roll of names found on 
record of New Ipswich Revolutionary soldiers. The "Muster 


The Soldier's Equipment 

Roll of a Company of Men Commanded by Capt. Othniel 
Thomas In Colo. Runnell's Regt. of New Hampshire Militie 
(1781)" found in the Pension Bureau at Washington, D. C, 
contains the following names of soldiers, two of whom are 
said to "go for" the town of "Ipswitch," and four for "Ips- 
wich :" Reuben Baldwin, James Turnar, John Goold, Paul 
Sticknee, Ephraim Hildreth, John Gould, Jr. 

In a New Hampshire record New Ipswich is credited with 
Silas Whitney and Ezra Meriam, recruits of July 15, 1782. 

From the Massachusetts Revolutionary Rolls preserved in 
the State House at Boston the following names of New Ips- 
wich men are taken. Col. William Prescott's regiment, Capt. 
John Nutting's company, Samuel Cummings ; Capt. Joseph 
Moor's company, John Sawtell ; Capt. Abijah Wyman's com- 
pany, Samuel Kinney; Col. Jonathan Brewer's regiment, Capt. 
Thomas Drury's company, Abraham Abbot. Seth Wheeler 
was lieutenant in the company of Capt. John Parker of Litch- 
field, in the regiment of Col. Timothy Bedel, with the North- 
ern division of the army under Gen. Montgomery in 1775 ; 
and captain under the same colonel on service in Canada 
from December 15, 1777, to March 3, 1778. 

It is believed that the foregoing is practically a complete 
outline of the work of New Ipswich in the field during the 
birth-struggle of the nation. In comparison with the broader 
and more fierce contests required in later years that the nation 
might continue to live, perchance in the thought of some this 
earlier story is almost insignificant. In truth, that initial 
strife presented very little of what is sometimes called the 
"glory of war." In the provincial army gorgeous uniforms, 
or in most cases any costumes that could receive such a name, 
were conspicuous by their absence. The graphic description 
of the departure of Capt. Stephen Parker's company for Still- 
water in 1777, given in the former history of the town as 
related by one who remembered the event, tells the thought- 
ful reader so much of the home conditions of those days left 
unwritten that it is repeated here. 

"To a man, they wore small-clothes, coming down and 
fastening just below the knee, and long stockings with cow- 
hide shoes ornamented by large buckles, while not a pair of 
boots graced the company. The coats and waistcoats were 
loose and of huge dimensions, with colors as various as the 
barks of oak, sumach, and other trees of our hills and swamps 
could make them, and their shirts were all made of flax, and 


History of New Ipswich 

like every other part of the dress, were homespun. On their 
heads was worn a large round-top and broad-brimmed hat. 
Their arms were as various as their costume ; here an old 
soldier carried a heavy Queen's arm, with which he had done 
service at the conquest of Canada twenty years previous, 
while by his side walked a stripling boy, with a Spanish 
fusee not half its weight or calibre, which his grandfather 
may have taken at the Havanna, while not a few had old 
French pieces, that dated back to the reduction of Louisburg. 
Instead of the cartridgebox, a large powderhorn was slung 
under the arm, and occasionally a bayonet might be seen 
bristling in the ranks. Some of the swords of the officers 
had been made by our Province blacksmiths, perhaps from 
some farming utensil ; they looked serviceable, but heavy and 
uncouth. Such was the appearance of the Continentals to 
whom a well-appointed army was soon to lay down their arms. 
After a little exercising on the old Common, and performing 
the then popular exploit of 'whipping the snake,' they briskly 
filed ofif up the road, by the foot of the Kidder Mountain, and 
through the SpafTord Gap, towards Peterboro, to the tune of 
'Over the hills and far away.' " 

Furthermore, it may be thankfully realized that the weap- 
ons of the warfare of those days were such as gave compara- 
tively slight occasion for scenes of such appalling glory as 
are depicted in the panoramas of mutilation and death at 
Gettysburg and other battles of the Civil War. 

At the close of the Revolution the population of New 
Ipswich was 1033, of which number only 206 were ratable 
polls. But this small population sent into the field for a 
longer or shorter time about 275 men, no small number of 
whom, either by a single enlistment or several briefer ones, 
served nearly or quite three years. As has been seen, the 
collection of scattered records has necessitated a considerable 
modification of the traditional number of New Ipswich sol- 
diers, but these documents give very little aid in any attempt 
to make more definite or complete the record of deaths and 
injuries among the New Ipswich men that is given in the 
former history. It is there stated that "but one or two were 
killed in battle ; eight or ten were very severely wounded, 
among whom were Josiah Walton, Ebenezer Fletcher, Jeremiah 
Fletcher, and Jonas Adams ; and about twenty died of sick- 
ness in the army, or soon after they were brought home, of 
whom were John Adams, Simeon Hildreth, Daniel Hall, 


Deacon Adams's Resolution 

Samuel Campbell, Jonathan Wheat, Samuel Foster, Ephraim 
Forster and Asa Perham." David Scott is recorded as having 
lost his life at Bunker Hill, but although he was in the com- 
pany of Capt. Ezra Town, there seems to be very little doubt 
that he was of a Peterborough family and resident in that 

It is very evident that by far the most serious sufferings 
which assailed, weakened, and often, despite the power of 
patriotism and indomitable Anglo-Saxon energy, discouraged 
the body of the soldiers so that the unconquerable leaders 
knew not how to meet the apparently impending disaster, 
were not those which are met where the excitement of the 
contest gives courage and endurance, but those due to lack 
of proper clothing, food, and shelter ; to weakness and disease 
due largely to the inability to supply such necessities, but 
sometimes, it would seem, in part to a lack of appreciation of 
the greatness of the need by the provincial authorities. A 
characteristic incident is related of a leading citizen of New 
Ipswich which so well illustrates this difficulty that it is here 
again told. Dea. Ephraim Adams, although in the second 
half-century of life at the time of the first call to arms, did 
not hesitate to take the field with his juniors, but in the later 
years of the war was called to different duties by his fellow 
townsmen, and it is said that "while representing the town in 
the Provincial Congress, he attempted one day to call their 
attention to procuring suitable clothing for the soldiers during 
the then approaching winter, but without much success. On 
the following day he rose in his place with much solemnity, 
and read a resolution, in substance that it was the opinion of 
that body, that the soldiers from their state should have zvool 
grow on their hacks, to protect them from the cold during win- 
ter. This drew the attention of the House immediately, and 
a committee was chosen, of which he was the chairman, and 
his wishes were promptly carried into effect." It was a year 
or two previous to that incident, that a record still extant 
tells of the discharge of twenty-one newly enlisted soldiers 
because of their lack of clothes. 

Still such incidents must not be considered without recog- 
nition of the almost insuperable difficulties before the home 
authorities at almost every point. Not the soldiers alone 
suffered ; their absence from the work so strenuously demanded 
in a new country of course demanded of their families exces- 


History of New Ipswich 

sive labor and the loss of absolutely needed comforts in very 
many cases ; and still farther, the power of production was 
so much lessened that the provincial governments often knew 
not how to find the money imperatively demanded. Of course 
money rapidly disappeared, and, as is always the case under 
such conditions, the paper currency began to depreciate in 
value, making necessary a constantly increasing issue, with 
a resultant still more rapid depreciation, the lawful currency 
falling from nearly its full face value at the beginning of 
1777 to only one hundred and twentieth of that value at the 
middle of 1781. 

Supplies for the army were levied in kind, and in 1781 
each town in the state was assessed a designated weight of 
beef for the support of the army, of which assessment New 
Ipswich was required to provide about one-eightieth part, 
which was 17,164 pounds. Another necessity, according to 
the ideas of that period, and especially for men working 
severely or especially exposed, was a supply of rum, and of 
this the town was called upon to find 122 gallons. Under 
such conditions it is no cause for wonder to read in the New 
Ipswich town record the record of action taken in January, 
1782, when it was "Voted that the Selectmen shall procure 
clothing for the former Continental Soldiers, if they can." As 
the chairman of the selectmen that year, however, was Deacon 
Adams before mentioned, it may probably be assumed with 
safety that the selectmen could do it. The incident related 
on a later page, in the Locke genealogy, illustrates the exer- 
tions that were made to meet the necessities of the times. 

Through this period of intense stress, when often the issue 
of the strife must necessarily have seemed doubtful, if not 
hopeless, to the Americans, New Ipswich kept steadily on, 
supplying about one-eightieth of whatever men or money or 
supplies were the part of New Hampshire. Evidently as the 
expectations of early success, born while the untrained Pro- 
vincials pursued the fleeing troops from Concord to refuge in 
Boston, faded and it became recognized that the war could 
not be carried on by a series of brief enlistments in response 
to some special peril, the question of recruits took precedence 
with a multitude of financial problems almost insoluble. At 
first enlistments were abundant without the payment of 
bounty or with a small one of perhaps £2, designed probably 
to meet any little expenses due to the sudden change of life. 


Bounties and Pay 

But before the year 1776 had passed the state offered a bounty 
of £20, although its value ere long was somewhat diminished 
by its payment being deferred for four years during which it 
was to draw interest at six per cent. But the necessity of 
an increased inducement became evident, and many devices 
were employed to enable the town to meet the requirements. 
New Ipswich secured the twelve recruits sent in response to 
the call in February, 1781, by dividing the town into twelve 
classes, each of which was to furnish one soldier by such 
means as might be found most expedient. The town records 
contain receipts for bounties signed by most of the men pre- 
viously named as sent on the call of April, 1777, and a few 
others not found in that list, each of whom seems to have 
received £20, although at that time the bounty for a three- 
months man was apparently £30. The next year the names 
are recorded of nineteen citizens headed by the pastor. Rev. 
Stephen Farrar, who had subscribed the sum of £118 for 
the purpose of hiring soldiers. 

As the pressure became more stringent the bounty rose 
to £40, £50, £60, £70, and probably if search were made 
in the right place, still higher rates might be found. 

The rate of pay promised to the soldiers, which at first 
ranged from £12 per month for a captain to £2 for a private, 
gradually rose, although only for privates and non- 
commissioned officers at first, but the usual rate for privates, 
although not entirely uniform, was apparently about £3 per 
month in 1776, £4 in 1777, and £5 in 1778. But now the 
pound which in lawful paper currency was at the beginning 
of 1778 worth a little more than six silver shillings, sank so 
rapidly that at the close of 1779 its purchasing value was 
little more than ten pence, so that the rise of pay in some 
regiments even as high as £12 per month really relieved the 
severity of the soldier's condition very slightly. Evidently 
this could not continue without absolute ruin, and payrolls 
of the next year show an effort to remedy the injustice, the 
sum due to each soldier being multiplied in one case by 67, 
and the product placed to his credit. And very soon rolls 
were made out known as "depreciation rolls" in which the 
attempt was made to transfer the loss from the soldier to 
the authority which had promised to pay him a certain sum. 

But the immense amounts resulting from this process in 
many cases could not be found ; the "times were hard" to an 


History of New Ipswich 

extent never seen by the people of New Ipswich at any earlier 
or later date. In many cases the government was unable to 
supply rations, as is shown by records now on file in which 
against each soldier's name is placed not merely his wages, 
earned and promised, but remaining unpaid, but also the num- 
ber of rations, often larger than the number received, for 
each of which he was to receive the sum of eight pence. 

A consideration of these facts may perhaps lead to the con- 
clusion that even though the risk of sudden death or cruel 
mutilation was less in wars of the eighteenth century than 
in those that have followed, it does not follow that the men 
of those days were less worthy of respect for their bravery 
in war. They fought and conquered against fearful odds, and 
as has been said earlier, their courage was maintained under 
conditions in which they had little support from the excite- 
ment of personal combat. Of course it could not be expected 
that New Ipswich in a period of revolt against constituted 
authorities as audacious as the American purpose appeared 
to be, should have had no citizens who hesitated, or perhaps 
refused to enter into or approve the movement. Nor is it at 
all at variance with the lesson taught by all such uprisings 
that some of the most influential and prominent citizens 
should have been in this conservative class, which has been 
designated by the offensive term "tories." It is now generally 
recognized that even though the sturdy resistance to the pur- 
poses and efforts of men like Robert E. Lee and "Stonewall" 
Jackson was a national duty, and the overthrow of their forces 
an ethical, as well as political necessity, none the less they 
were moved by a sense of duty ; and it should also be recog- 
nized that the more or less positive "tories" of New Ipswich 
were not necessarily bad men, even though they must be 
considered to have been at that time bad citizens. Probably 
they believed the Revolutionary movement, a defiance of a 
nation believed to be the strongest of the world, by a handful 
of scattered colonists, to be utterly hopeless and certain to 
make any conditions which furnished ground for complaint 
much worse. 

Further, some of them held offices, and had long felt the 
support of the enacted laws against popular feeling to be their 
duty, and the natural result followed. Fortunately, however, 
this conservative element among the leading citizens of the 
town did not hold the "tory" principles so aggressively that 


New Ipswich Tories 

very serious results ensued, although temporarily the names 
of Barrett, Champney, and Kidder were not held with what 
seems to the present time the excessive respect, almost rever- 
ence, that those days accorded to the leading families. 

But the town records show that on May 22, 1775, the po- 
sition of the head of one of these families was considered, and 
it was "Voted that Charles Barret be not confined also that 
his plans and Principles are Notwithstanding Erroneous." It 
is not entirely easy to determine the relation between this 
action and the fact that the name Charles Barrett is on the 
roll of the men who had marched only a month before in 
response to the Concord alarm, although he is credited on 
that roll with only one day's service, a shorter period than that 
of any other of the ninety-seven names on the roll. Possibly 
his speedy return was a potent cause of the town's attention 
to his case. But whatever stress may have come in those 
days upon the bonds of town fellowship, they were not broken, 
and he is found, no later than in 1787, to have been con- 
sidered a sufficiently loyal American to represent the town 
in the legislature, which position he held continuously during 
seven years and also by two isolated elections afterward. 

Judge Ebenezer Champney is said by his biographer in the 
former town history to have been "a moderate tory, and dep- 
recating a resort to arms, believed that with wise and pru- 
dent counsels all causes of disaffection might be satisfactorily 
adjusted. He wished to preserve his loyalty and the peace 
of the country; but like many others who forebore to take 
part in the contest, he lived to acknowledge the beneficent 
effects of that struggle which gave us our liberties and free 

There were several potent conditions tending to hold Col. 
Reuben Kidder from joining the provincial cause. His mili- 
tary position, his commission as "His Majesty's Justice of the 
Peace," and his large estates, all of course acted against any 
bias of his judgment in that direction. He is said to have 
"always expressed his opinions freely as averse to the war, 
and therefore must have been extremely unpopular, still the 
respectability of his character seems to have preserved him 
from any of the annoyances which many of the loyalists of 
that day had to encounter." Tradition, however, gives one 
incident which forms a slight exception to what was doubt- 
less the general truth of the last statement. It is told how 


History of New Ipswich 

a soldier returning home from his term of service stopped 
over night at the Colonel's inn, and relating his experiences 
to an admiring group, referred to General Washington in 
terms which chanced to be especially offensive to his host, 
who responded with a very emphatic execration upon the 
leader of the rebels, and received a reply in the form of a 
clenched fist. The Colonel was said to have arisen from his 
hearthstone and maintained a discreet silence. 

It cannot be doubted, however, that less prominent loyal- 
ists were more emphatically admonished of the error of their 
ways than those who had long been recognized as able and 
worthy leaders of the town, but with later years their stories 
have passed into oblivion. The former town history pre- 
serves the record of one case which was probably especially 
obnoxious to the town. It chanced that a deserter from the 
British forces was captured in New Ipswich, and before being 
returned to Boston was confined for a short time at the tavern 
of Jonathan Dix, then standing on the site now held by the 
house occupied for more than forty years by Rev. Samuel 
Lee. The popular disapproval of the tavern-keeper's part in 
that incident was expressed, not only by hanging him in 
eftigy, but also by other methods of annoyance, some of which 
probably would hardly bear relation in detail, so annoying 
that he soon left the town and the country; and his property 
in due time was confiscated to the state. 

The former history names one member of Capt. Towne's 
company whose fears amid the shot which greeted them be- 
fore their ascent of Bunker Hill were sufficient to overcome 
not only whatever patriotism may have prompted his enlist- 
ment, but also the personal pride which had been manifested 
by abundant boasts before reaching the line of danger, and 
on the plea of sickness he sought release from duty, and also 
some one to accompany him. The first part of his request 
was granted, but the courage to go alone was supplied by 
Capt. Towne's threat that "if he did not instantly scamper 
he would run him through," and the induced activity was 
sufficient to give rise to the tradition that he never stopped 
running till he reached home. If this was really the case, his 
rapid departure from the region of peril must have been of 
considerably greater length than the fifty miles intervening 
between Charlestown and New Ipswich, as the company roll 
gives Washington as the home of Peter Lowell, and thus no 
stigma rests upon New Ipswich. 


Committees of Correspondence 

The former history also names one soldier who traitor- 
ously deserted from his company, went over to the British, 
and was included in the proscribing- act of 1778, with the 
penalty of death if he returned. The latter part of this story 
of course must have rested upon the record, but, as the name 
of Daniel Farnsworth does not appear on any of the 3500 
pages of company rolls and other Revolutionary documents, 
supposed to include all that have been found, the question 
unavoidably arises whether he really broke the soldier's 
pledged faith, or was only one of the tories who by some act 
more offensive than that of most of his fellow loyalists brought 
his name, like that of Jonathan Dix, upon the roll of proscrip- 

There is much of interest that might be drawn from the 
town records suggesting the caution and discretion with which 
the questions arising amid the difficulties which were ever 
demanding resolute decisions were considered. Conclusions 
were sometimes reached which now seem to have been errone- 
ous, but the marvel of the record is that, walking in a path 
so nearly untrodden, the leaders of the town should have 
decided so wisely as the result proves that they did. 

The device adopted by the colonies at the time when it 
was sought to deprive them of such measure of self- 
government as they had previously been granted was the or- 
ganization of the town and state "Committees of Correspon- 
dence," called sometimes by other names but practically the 
same in effect, with powers so undefined as to be capable of 
almost instantaneous abridgement or expansion, as the con- 
dition required. This has been regarded with wonder and 
admiration by students of history because of its general es- 
cape from the errors of action the probabilities of which nec- 
essarily inhere in such form of control, and especially at the 
successful and peaceful passage from this temporary and un- 
lawful expedient to a formal government fitted to endure. 

Those things could not have been but for the wonderfully 
balanced powers of perception and of judgment developed by 
the severe but most instructive experience of the Pilgrim and 
the Puritan settlers whose children guided the early steps of 
the colonies. The consideration of the story of the part borne 
by New Ipswich in this struggle which marked an epoch in 
the world's history must not close without naming the men of 
the town who did the work of these committees within its 
bounds, as written in the town records. 


History of New Ipswich 

March 13, 1775. "Chose as Committee of Correspondence 
and inspection Ephraim Adams, Joseph Bates, Josiah Brown, 
Isaac How, John Breed, William Shattuck, Eleazer Cum- 
mings, Edmond Briant, Benj. Knowlton." 

May 29, 1775. "Nathaniel Stone was substituted in place 
of Josiah Brown and the Committee was made a Committee 
of Safety." 

Oct. 27, 1775. "Chose a new Committee of Inspection, 
Safety and Correspondence. Chose Ephraim Adams, Paul 
Prichard, Peter Fletcher, Samuel Whittemore, Joseph Bates." 

Mar. 11, 1776. "Chose as Committee of Inspection, Safety 
and Correspondence, — Josiah Brown, James Chandler, Benja- 
min Gibbs, Thomas Brown, Josiah Walton." 

July 8, 1776. "Samuel Bartlett was substituted in place 
of Thomas Brown." 

Mar. 10, 1777. "Chose as new Committee of Inspection 
Safety and Correspondence, — Thomas Heald, Nathaniel 
Stone, Benjamin Hoar, Isaac Appleton, Ephraim Adams." 

Mar. 9, 1778. "Chose as Committee of Safety, — Samuel 
Whittemore, Francis Fletcher, Josiah Brown, Paul Prichard, 
Benjamin Williams." 

Mar. 8, 1779. "Chose as Committee of Safety, — Jonathan 
Davis, Benjamin Adams, Thomas Heald, Josiah Walton, 
Thomas Brown." 



THE CIVIL WAR— 1861-65 

I ^HE patriotic spirit which had been shown so abundantly 
-*- in the Revolutionary War, and continued through the War 
of 1812, became strongly tinged with opposition to slavery. 
This intense feeling was evinced by the long dispute through- 
out the country which culminated in the Missouri Compro- 
mise. New Ipswich was ever at the front in all that had to 
do with liberty of act or thought or person. Later in the 
earlier half of the nineteenth century this feeling was shown, 
though in a less obtrusive way, by Anti-Slavery and Aboli- 
tion societies. Thus it was ready to be aroused to new life 
by the outbreaking of the Civil War in April, 1861. Public 
spirit was at white heat. 

A special town meeting was called May 1, 1861, "to see 
if the town will vote to appropriate such sum or sums of 
money as will be necessary to arm and equip such persons as 
enlist from the town of New Ipswich for the defence of our 
country in the present crisis." At this meeting no definite 
action was taken, but another meeting was called to meet 
on May 21, with a broader outlook. Three articles with 
very practical points were offered : 

"To see if the Town will raise money or authorize the 
selectmen to borrow money to arm and equip a voluntary 
company, and to provide uniforms for the same." 

"To see if the Town will take measures to provide for 
the families of such persons as may be called into actual 

"To adopt any other measures which may be deemed 
proper to aid in quelling Rebellion, arresting traitors, if un- 
fortunately any should be found in our vicinity, and provide 
such sums of money as may be necessary to accomplish the 

At the meeting three resolutions were adopted : 

"Resolved, that a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars be raised 
by the town for the purchase of materials for a uniform for the Military 
Company now formed in town and that the selectmen be instructed to 
assess the same upon the polls and taxable estate in the town. The 


History of New Ipswich 

cost of each uniform to the town not to exceed the sum of ten dollars, 
and the property in the uniforms to be vested in the town, said uniforms 
to be loaned by the town to the company, as long as they shall be or- 
ganized and shall perform military duty." 

"Resolved that the selectmen be instructed to render aid to the families 
of such residents of this town that have enlisted in this state or any 
other, or that may enlist for the term of three years, or the war, and 
be actually called into service by the Authority of this State as may 
from time to time be necessary, and that a sum not exceeding two 
thousand dollars be raised for that purpose to be assessed upon the 
polls and taxable estates, whenever such sum or any part of it may 
become necessary." 

"Resolved that a Committee of five be appointed, whose duty it 
shall be rigorously to prosecute any person or persons who may be 
deemed by them guilty of Treason to our Country in this hour of peril, 
and that the sum of one hundred dollars be appropriated to pay necessary 
expenses. No part of said sum however to be received by said Com- 
mittee for their own services, and all bills to be approved by the 

The committee appointed by the moderator, Hosea Eaton, 
and accepted by vote of the town, was John Preston, Nathan 
Sanders, William Prichard, James Chandler, John U. Davis. 

Another town meeting on October 31 was called "To see 
if the town will vote to raise money to aid the families of 
volunteers agreeable to Chapter 248 of the Pamphlet Laws 
passed June session 1861 or anything relating thereto." 

At this meeting "The following resolution offered by John 
Preston Esquire was passed unanimously. Resolved that the 
selectmen be authorized to borrow on the credit of the town 
from time to time such sums as may be necessary to pay 
to the full extent authorized by law the families of soldiers, 
and that in so doing they give the most liberal construction 
of the law in deciding upon those entitled to relief." 

No war action was taken at the annual meeting of 1862, 
but on August 12 the town was called upon to say "what 
the town will do in relation to paying a bounty to volunteers 
should any hereafter be called for to fill up the quota from 
this town for the present war," and it was voted "That a 
bounty of one hundred dollars be paid by the town to every 
volunteer who shall be accepted and mustered into the service 
of the United States for the term of three years or during 
the war under the recent call of the President for three hun- 
dred thousand volunteers, and also that a bounty of fifty 
dollars be paid by the town for each of so many volunteers 
as may be necessary to supply the quota of men required 


Bounties for Volunteers 

for service for the term of nine months, and that the select- 
men be authorized to borrow so much money on the credit 
of the town as may be necessary to pay all such persons 
who may be accepted and mustered into the service of the 
United States, under the said requisition of the President, and 
also that the families of those who volunteer for the nine 
months shall have the same aid allowed to them by the town 
as is now allowed to the three years men." 

Again in 1863 the annual town meeting- took no action in 
reference to the war, but on August 31 three articles were 
presented for the consideration of a special meeting. 

"To see if the town will vote to pay to every man belonging 
to New Ipswich who may be drafted under the law of the 
United States and may be mustered into the service of the 
United States or to any Substitute of any man so drafted the 
sum of three hundred dollars in ten days after such drafted 
soldier or his substitute shall be mustered into such service, 
and also furnish aid to the families of drafted men or sub- 

"To raise money by a loan or otherwise to pay such sums 
as may be required to carry into efifect the provisions of the 
above article and to raise any committee or committees nec- 

"To see if the town will vote to pay a bounty of one hun- 
dred dollars to all volunteers from New Ipswich who are 
now in the service of the United States who have not received 
a town bounty, and likewise to the heirs of those who have 
died in the service." 

To the first question the town replied by the following 
resolution offered by John Preston, Esq. 

"Resolved that the town will pay to every soldier who may 
be drafted, accepted and actually mustered into the service 
of the United States under the recent conscription law of 
Congress the sum of three hundred dollars in ten days after 
said drafted soldiers shall have been mustered into said ser- 
vice, and also that the town will pay for a substitute for any 
such man so drafted a sum not exceeding three hundred dol- 
lars to be paid when such substitute shall have been accepted 
and been mustered into said service ten days." 

To meet the second one it was "voted that the selectmen 
be a committee to borrow on the credit of the town so much 
money as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of 


History of New Ipswich 

the above act, and that they be the disbursing committee." 
The remaining article was indefinitely postponed. 

November 25, 1863, the problem had taken the form pre- 
sented in the warrant for another meeting: "To see if the 
town will raise money by loan or otherwise to pay a bounty 
for a sufficient number of volunteers to meet the requisition 
upon the town under the recent call of the president of the 
United States for three hundred thousand volunteers or to 
take any miCasure to raise a sufficient number of men to 
avoid the necessity of a draft on the fifth of January next." 

It was "resolved that the town treasurer be authorized to 
borrow on the credit of the town the sum of seven thousand 
two hundred dollars to pay as a bounty for eighteen volun- 
teers, the number of men required of the town, and that the 
treasurer be further authorized to take the transfer of the 
said volunteers of the bounty from the State and the United 
States and to collect said bounties and make payment of the 
same as far as may be to liquidate said town." 

This action was taken on the motion of Esquire Preston, 
as was also a vote of thanks to "Hon. Hosea Eaton for his 
prompt action in procuring volunteers to the number re- 
quired of the town." 

At the annual meeting in March, 1864, it was "voted to 
pay the sum of three hundred dollars to all veteran volun- 
teers that have or may reenlist." 

On August 4 the town met the question of filling its 
"quota for five thousand soldiers called for by the United 
States 18th of July 1864" with a vote "that the selectmen 
be authorized to fill the quota of the town for the present 
call for troops, and also be authorized to borrow on the credit 
of the town such sums of money, not exceeding fifteen thou- 
sand dollars, as may be necessary for that purpose." 

The condition at the time of the presidential election in 
the following November and the frame of mind at that time 
is lecalled by an article in the warrant for that meeting: "To 
see if the town will continue to pay a bounty in anticipation 
of a call that may be made by the President of the United 
States for soldiers," and still more plainly by the answer of 
the town when it "voted that the selectmen be authorized 
to pay bounty for soldiers, the amount of money to be paid 
to be left to their discretion." 

The whole amount expended by the town as given in the 


The Sixth and Thirteenth 

"Report of the Commissioners upon the War Expenditures 
of the towns and cities in the State of New Hampshire" was 

Selectmen, 1861-65: 1861-62, George W. Wheeler 2d, 
George Whiting, Sewell O. Chandler ; 1863, John U. Davis ; 
George C. Campbell, Charles B. Preston; 1864, John U. Davis, 
George C. Campbell, Emerson Howe ; 1865, Emerson Howe, 
Reuben Taylor, Horace Wheeler. 

Within a few days after the first call for troops a squad 
of men were drilled on the common near the church twice a 
week by Capt. Jonas Nutting of the state militia. Capt. 
Nutting, himself past middle life, was one of the first to 
enlist and was soon followed by four of his sons. In Novem- 
ber the New Ipswich men were mustered in at Keene. De- 
cember 25, the Sixth Regiment New Hampshire Volunteers, 
for which New Ipswich furnished twenty-three men, was 
ordered to Washington and began the soldier's life, which 
was to continue for three years. 

"The Regiment during its term of service in seventeen 
different states was in 21 engagements, meeting all the re- 
quisitions of duty however onerous or perilous with cheerful 
and ready efficiency. While it is not asserted that the Sixth 
was the best regiment sent out from New Hampshire the 
claim may be made, and can be maintained, that it was equal 
to the best. Its record has added a brilliant chapter to the 
history of New Hampshire's always glorious achievements 
in war." (Revised Register of the Soldiers and Sailors of Nezv 
Hampshire in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-66. A. D. Ayling, 
Adjutant General.) 

New Ipswich was also specially interested in the Thirteenth 
Regiment, as nineteen of her men were in the ranks, having 
been enrolled in October, 1861. The regiment was in "more 
than twenty engagements, beside days and days of skirmish- 

It had the proud distinction of being the first Union regi- 
ment and its flags the first flags of the Union army to enter 
Richmond on its occupation April 3, 1865. "At once the 
Brigade was engaged in restoring order, putting out fires and 
gathering into Libby prison more than two thousand soldiers 
of Lee's army." Later in May it had the honor to receive 
Gen. Sherman's army as it passed through Richmond. "Its 
character for efficiency, patriotism, intelligence, bravery, and 


History of New Ipswich 

trustworthiness made it surely one of the nation's most prom- 
inent historic Regiments." (Ayling.) 

Meantime the women of New Ipswich were bravely doing 
their part. A Soldier's Aid Society was organized in October, 
1861, and carried on its work with vigor and enthusiasm. To 
the army in the field were sent woolen garments, stockings, 
"comfort bags" — more than five hundred — and in large 
amount dried apples and other fruits. To the hospitals were 
sent pillows, dressing-gowns, lint, bandages, cordials, and all 
that could be found in a New England home for the comfort 
of an invalid. To all were sent newspapers and writing ma- 
terials. If sometimes a letter was added to a package the 
recipient thought himself specially fortunate. House mothers 
gave until only enough was left of their treasured supplies to 
meet the needs of their own households. It must be remem- 
bered that supplies of all kinds were held at fabulous prices ; 
that stockings and nearly all garments were made by hand, 
bandages rolled, and lint scraped in the same way; but the 
hearts of the workers were warm and for four years they lived 
at high pressure. 

At length, after four years of strife and sufferings in camp 
and on the field, four years of wearisome suspense and fear in 
the homes of all the land, the struggle was ended. Lee had 
surrendered, and there was jubilant rejoicing in this quiet, lit- 
tle village ; ringing of bells, firing of cannon, illuminations, con- 
gratulations of all who met in the street. The day was given 
up to varied expression of joy. That was Monday, April 10; 
Saturday, April 15, President Lincoln died and joy was changed 
to bitter sorrow. On the Sabbath the church was draped with 
black. Mr. Cutler, the young pastor, in the church service 
voiced the griefs of all hearts. 

After the close of the war the wants of the Freedmen — so 
helpless in their sudden release from the care as well as the 
bondage of their masters — appealed the more to the people of 
the North, since the conquered South was unable to care for 
them, and for years relief was given until help could be ren- 
dered by organized charities. By the payment of $200 a year 
New Ipswich for three years supported a teacher for the 

Prices During the Civil War. — From an expense book, 
1862-65, we quote these prices, most of them in the hand- 
writing of William W. Johnson: Meal (bag), $3.90; sugar 
(pound), 30 cents; molasses (gallon), $1,C)0; kerosene oil 




Thk Soldiers' Monument 

The Union League 

(gallon), $1.10; nutmeg-s (pound), $2.00; butter (pound), 50 
cents; cotton cloth, unbleached (yard), $1.00; gold, $2,855/2. 
In Boston flour by the carload was sold per barrel $25.00. 

During the Civil War there were in the Northern States 
many sympathizers with the South who used all their power 
and influence to have the Confederacy recognized by foreign 
powers. To counteract the efifect of this party the Union 
League was organized. It included patriotic men who for age 
or any other reason were unable to go to the front, but who 
by every means in their power bravely upheld the cause of 
Liberty here in the North. A branch of the league was or- 
ganized in New Ipswich. Its work, though necessarily quiet, 
was effective and a power in the region. Prof. E. T. Quimby 
was the president of the local league and Prof. C. H. Chandler 
held some office, probably that of secretary. No records can 
be found which give any clue to the number of members. 

In 1878 a soldiers' monument was erected on the Village 
Green at the foot of the Academy campus. Its height is 
twenty-two feet and six inches — a simple granite shaft above 
a base standing four-square, bearing this inscription on the 
north side : 











The following names are inscribed on the other sides of 
the base. 

William L. Weston Allen A. Nutting 

John Pike John F. Knowlton 

Abner p. Cragin John K. Walker 

Warren P. Locke Josiah P. Wheeler 

Walter Ray Warren C. Nicholas 

Patrick Ready Andrew L. Swallow 

John P. Shattuck William A. Mansur 

Francis Nutting Albert H. Davis 

George H. Nutting Edward E. Davis 
Charles L. Nutting 


History of New Ipswich 



Appleton, Eugene F. 

Avery, James E. . . 

Baxter, Albert F. . 

Blanchard, Edwin F. . 

Blanchard, Thomas W 
Blood, Luther . . . 

Bolton, Charles L. . 
Boodry, Augustine W 

Bucknam, John B. 
Carr, Edward J. . 
Chamberlin, Charles 
Chandler, James O. 

Cragin, Abner P. . 

Davis, Edward E. 

Davis, Albert H. . . . 
Donley, Michael P. . . 

Eddy, John 

Edwards, George F. . 
Fisher, Albert G. . . 

Fletcher, Benjamin M. 

Fowler, Archibald C. . 
Fowler, John H. . . . 
Freeman, Sherwood A. 

Frissel, William B. . . 
Fuller, Andrew C. . . 
Garland, James . . . 

Goulding, Charles H. . 

Greenleaf, Paul . . . 


Dublin, N. H. . . 
Peterboro . . . 
Central Falls, R. I. 
New Ipswich . . 

Groton, Mass . 

Paisley, Scot. . 
Pawtucket, R. I. 

New Ipswich . 

New Ipswich . 

Newbury . . 

Pittsfield . . . 


Ashby, Mass. 
Trim, Ireland 

Northboro . 
New Ipswich 

Albany . . 

Madrid, N. Y. 

Thetford, Vt. 
Ellsworth, Me. 

Millbury, Mass. 

Pittsfield . . . 

















New Ipswich 


Aug. 15, 1862 

Aug. 14, 1862 

May 15, 1861 

Aug. 26, 1864 

Aug. 20, 1862 

Aug. 16, 1862 

July 2, 1861 

Aug. 9, 1862 

Aug. 8, 1862 

Aug. 16, 1862 

July 25, 1862 

May 22, 1861 

Aug. 12, 1862 

July, 1863 

Oct. 22. 1861 

Aug. 7, 1861 

Sept. 24, 1861 

Nov. 18, 1861 

Oct. 2, 1861 

Aug. 15, 1862 

Sept. 29, 1862 

Sept. 29, 1862 

Aug. 20, 1862 

Nov. 14, 1861 

Aug. 9. 1862 

Oct. 19, 1861 

May 24, 1861 

Oct. 17, 1861 


New Ipswich Soldiers 




13 N. H. Inf., G 

13 N. H. Inf., G 

2 N. H. Inf., G 

4 Mass. H. Art. H 

13 N. H. Inf., G 
13 N. H. Inf., G 

17 Mass. Inf. H 
13 N. H. Inf., G 

9 N. H. Inf., I 

13 N. H. Inf., I 

9 N. H. Inf., D 

2 N. H. Inf., I 

13 N. H. Inf., G 

1 Minn. Inf., F 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

3 N. H. Inf., E 

4 N. H. Inf. 

3 Mass. Cav., M 

2 U. S. Sh. Shooters 

13 N. H. Inf., G 

47 Mass. Inf., F 
47 Mass. Inf., F 
13 N. H. Inf., G 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

13 N. H. Inf., G 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

2 N. H. Inf., G 

6 N. H. Inf., K 


Discharged disabled May 5, 

Discharged disabled Feb. 28, 

Wounded and missing at Get- 
tysburg July 2, 1863. 

Wound, sev. at Fort Harrison, 
Va., Sept. 29, 1864. 

Wound. Mar. 8, 1865. Disc, 
for wounds Dec. 22, 1865. 

Wound, sev. at Cold Harbor, 
Va., June 7, 1864. 

Died of disease, Falmouth, Va. 
Discharged disabled May 28, 

Discharged disabled" May 26, 

Died at Fortress Monroe of 

wounds neglected while in 


Killed at Fredericksburg, Va. 
Capt. Co. E, Apr. 6, 1865 . . 

Enlisted as Musician .... 
Discharged disabled June, 1862. 
Discharged disabled June 6, 


Mar. 11, 1874 

Dec. 7, 1862 

Rank When 



Afterwards served Co. C, 1 H. 

Discharged Nov. 28, 1864. . 

Discharged disabled Jan. 23, 

Discharged disabled Aug. 8, 

Discharged disabled Oct. 4, 

Dec. 13, 1862 
May 31, 1910, 

at Tilton 
Aug. 11, 1866 

Sept. 11, 1871 



1st Lieut. 

1st Sergt. 


History of New Ipswich 



Hickoch, Thomas J. . 

Hubbard, John . . . 

Hull, Charles H. . . . 

Isaacs, Charles E. . . 

Judkins, Samuel E. . . 

Knowlton, John F. . . 

Knowlton, William R. . 

LeRoy, David . . . . 

Locke, Warren P. . . 
Mansfield, Jonathan N. 

Mansur, WiUiam E. . . 

Marvin, James H. . . 

McConnell, Jonathan . 

McDonald, Michael . . 

Nicholas, Warren C. . 

Nutting, Charles P. . . 

Nutting, Charles S. . . 

Nutting, George H. . . 

Nutting, George P. . • 

Nutting, James Francis 

Nutting, John C. . • • 

Nutting, Jonas . ■ • 

Nutting, Allien A. . . 

Oliver, Lucius C. . . 

Peavy, Wallace . 
Pike, John . . . 
Potter, George F. 

Pratt, Charles H. 
Pratt, Daniel F. . 

Proctor, Amos J. . 


Cambridgeport, Mass. 


Lowell, Mass. . . . 

Plymouth, Mich. . . 

New Ipswich . . . 

New Ipswich . . . 

Westboro, Mass. . . 

New York City . . 

Temple . . 
Williston, Vt. 
Paisley Scot. 
Lowell, Mass. 
New Ipswich 
New Ipswich 
New Ipswich 

New Ipswich . . 
Ashburnham, Mass 

New Ipswich . . 

Ashburnham, Mass. 

Westford, Mass . 

New Ipswich . . 

New Ipswich . . 

Peterboro . . . 

Haverhill, Mass. . 

New Ipswich . . 

Marlboro . . . 

Marlboro . . . 

Stoddard . . . 















































































































New Ipswich Soldiers 


Regt. Co. 



Rank When 

11 Mass. Inf., K 

Missing at Bull Run Aug. 29, 

10 Mass. Inf., K 

Appt. Captain Jan. 13, 1863. . 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

Discharged disabled Jan. 13, 

Totally blind from spotted 


2d Lieut. 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

Discharged Apr. 1, 1863. . . 

13 N. H. Inf., G 

Died Newport News. . . . 

Mar. 4, 1863 

24 N. H. Inf., E 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

Musician, discharged disabled 
Jan. 21, 1863. 

32 Mass. Inf., B 

Killed at Bethesda Church, Va. 

June 3, 1864 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

Killed at Petersburg, Va. . 

July 7, 1864 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

Died from wounds 

Sept. 25, 1862 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

Discharged June 29, 1865. . . 

13 N. H. Inf., G 

3 Mass. Cav., M 

Discharged June 6, 1865. . . 

1st Lieut. 

13 N. H. Inf., G 

Killed at Cold Harbor, Va. . 

June 1, 1864 

4 N. H. Inf., C 

Discharged Sept. 27, 1864. . 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

Died of disease, Roanoke Is- 
land, N. C. 

Mar. 29, 1862 

13 N. H. Inf., G 

Died of wounds, Washington, 
D. C. 

July 4, 1864 

3 N. H. Inf., E 

Appt. 1st Sergeant Oct. 11, 
1862. Disch. dis. Mar. 11, 

Mar. 20, 1874 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

Died of disease, Annapolis, 

Jan. IS, 1862 

4 N. H. Inf., I 

Appt. Sergeant. 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

Discharged May 15, 1862. . 

June 20, 1873 

1st Lieut. 

2 Mass. Inf., D 

Appt. Sergeant. Killed. , . 

June 9, 1863 

13 N. H. Inf., G 

First Lieut. Co. I, Mar. 1, 
1865. Mustered out June 1, 

1 N. H. Cav. M 

Wounded Nov. 12, 1864. 
Mustered out July 15, 1865. 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

Died of disease, Winchester, 

Apr. 12, 1863 


16 Mass. Inf., H 

Wounded June 18, 1864. . . 

13 N. H. Inf., G 

Discharged Sept. 18, 1865. . 

13 N. H. Inf., G 

Discharged disabled Jan. 28, 


13 N. H. Inf., G 

Discharged disabled May 28, 


History of New Ipswicli 



Ray, Walter . . . 

Reddy, Patrick . . . 
Robinson, Charles 1st 

Saunders, Edward A. 

Shattuck, George W. 
Shattuck, John B. . 
Sheldon, Charles B. . 

Simons, Willard . . 
Simpson, James . . 
Smith, Augustus . . 

Smith, George 3rd . 

Smith, Gideon H. . 
Spear, Joseph A. . . 
Stratton, Charles H. 

Stratton, James S. . 
Swallow, Andrew S. 
Tebbits, George B. . 

Thayer, Edward A. . 

Walker, John K. . . 
Walton, Charles . . 
Weston, William L. 
Wheeler, Josiah P. . 

Whitney, John H. 
Wilson, George W. 
Wilson, William H. 
Wright, Albert F. 

Wright, Charles A. 
Wright, Edward . 

Weston, Frank 


Manchester, Eng. 



Westburne, N. Y. 
New Ipswich . . 
Temple . . . . 

Groton, Mass. . 
New York City 
Underbill, Vt. . 


Central Falls, R. I. 
New Ipswich . . 
New Ipswich . . 

New Ipswich . 
Dunstable, Mass. 
New Ipswich . 

New Ipswich . 

New Ipswich . 
Rindge . . . 

Westminster, Mass. 

Dudley, Conn. 
New Ipswich 
New Ipswich 
Mason . . 

Mason . . . 
Westford, Mass. 

Nashua, N. H. 

















New Ipswich 


Dec. 7, 1861 

Nov. 12, 
July 31, 



Nov. 12, 1861 

Oct. 21, 
Sept. 5, 
Dec. 3, 

Oct. 15, 
Nov. 12, 
Dec. 23, 



Nov. 10, 1863 

Dec. 16, 
Oct. 7, 


June, 1861 

Oct. 16, 1861 

Sept. 20, 1861 

Nov. 12, 1861 

July 12, 1861 

Oct. 14, 1861 

Nov. 12, 1861 

Aug. 29, 1861 

Aug. 9. 1862 

Sept. 13, 1862 

Aug. 13, 1862 

Nov. 12, 1861 

Nov. 12, 1861 

May 20, 1861 

Apr. 23, 1861 


New Ipswich Soldiers 


Rhgt. Co. 



Rank Whbn 

N. H. Cav. M. 

Re-enlisted Jan. 1, 1864; killed, 
Lacy's Springs, Va., 

Dec. 26, 



6 N. H. Inf., K 

Died of disease, Milldale, Miss. 

July 30, 



3 N. H. Inf., E 

Discharged disabled Feb. 11, 

3 Mass. Cav., M 

Discharged disabled June 16, 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

Discharged Dec. 11, 1865. . . 

4 N. H. Inf., I 

Died of disease 

Aug. 9, 


N. H. Cav. M 

Twice captured. Discharged 
June 14, 1865. 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

Discharged Jan. 31, 1863. 

N. H. Cav., M 

Captured. Killed Columbia 

Oct. 6, 



8 N. H. Inf., A 

In prison more than six mo. 
Mustered out Oct. 28, 1865. 

N. H. Cav., M 

Mustered out July 15, 1865. . 

1st Serg. 

8 N. H. Inf., D 

25 Mass. Inf., F 

Lost leg at Roanoke Island, 

but served through the war 

in Vet. Reserve Corps. 

21 Mass. Inf., G 

Killed at Antietam 

Sept. 17, 


6 N. H. Inf., K 

Died of disease 

July 4, 


5 N. H. Inf., I 

Discharged disabled Sept. 13, 

Apr. 24, 


3 Mass. Cav., M 

Capt. Co. H, 1st Lousiana Cav. 
Resigned Dec. 14, 1863. 




IS Mass. Inf., B 


Oct. 21, 


6 N. H. Inf., K 

Discharged Mar. 4, 1863. . . 


3 Mass. Cav., M 

Discharged disabled June, 1862. 


Accidentally killed on cars 
while a prisoner enroute 
from Andersonville to Sa- 

Sept. 13, 


13 N. H. Inf., G 

Mustered out June 21, 1865. . 


6 N. H. Inf., K 

Discharged May 12, 1865. . . 

13 N. H. Inf., G 

Discharged Sept. 18, 1865. . 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

Discharged disabled Oct. 16, 

6 N. H. Inf., K 

Mustered out July 17, 1865. . 



2 N. H. Inf., G 

Discharged for wounds Oct. 
28, 1862. Died at Rindge. 

Feb. 25, 


11 Mass. Inf., E 

Disch. June 24, 1864. Cap- 
tured at Malvern Hill July, 
1862. In Libby prison, pa- 
roled Aug. 7, 1862. 


History of New Ipswich 



Aiken, George H. . 

Aiken, John C. . . 

Ainsworth, William P 
Austin, Albert T. . 

Baldwin, Edwin T. . 

Boyce, James L. . . 
Brown, Marshall L. . 
Chapman, Charles . 

Cragin, Clark . . . 
Emory, George E. . 
Felt, George D. . . 
Fuller, Granville L. . 
Hardy, William H.. 

Harvey, Charles L. . 

Hildreth, William H. 
Joslin, Charles . . . 
Lawrence, Charles A. 

Lee, Samuel W. . . . 
Livingstone, Harrison M. 

Matthews, Frank . 
Maxwell, Henry F. 

Preston, George P. 

Preston, Seth . . 
Prichard, George H 

Stearns, John E. . 

Tenney, George F. 

Tyler, Humphrey M 

Wheeler, H. B. . 


New Ipswich 




















Credited to 

Amherst . 

Milford . 


Nashua . 

Walpole . 
Keene . . 
Dublin . 

Lowell, Mass 

Chesterfield . 

Ashby, Mass. 
Deering . . 
Nashua . . 

Chicago . . 
Mason . . 

Woburn, Mass 

Jaffrey . . 



Hollis . . 

Milford . 



Aug. 21, 1862 

Aug. 21, 1862 

Dec. 2, 1861 

Sept. 27, 1862 

June 4, 1861 

Nov. 21, 1862 

Nov. 12, 1861 

Aug. 23, 1862 

Oct. 8, 1861 

Dec. 5, 1861 

Apr. 30, 1861 

Oct. 1, 1861 

Oct. 15, 1861 

Aug. 29, 1861 

Aug. 26, 1864 

Aug. 29, 1861 

Sept. 30, ISol 

Aug., 1863 

Sept. 2, 1862 

Aug. 30, 1861 

Sept. 10, 1864 

Oct. 22, 1861 

Oct. 2, 1861 

Aug. 12, 1862 

Sept. 15, 1862 

Sept. 1, 1862 

Sept. 3, 1864 

Aug. 12, 1862 


New Ipswich Soldiers 






Rank When 


10 N. 




Appointed Hospital Steward. 
Mustered out June 1, 1865. 

10 N. 




Twice wounded. Mustered out 
June 7, 1865. 

1st Serg. 





Killed Fort Royal, Va. . . . 

May 30, 1862 

16 N. 




Died of disease, Fort Hudson, 

Aug. 1, 1863 

1 N. 




Leader of Baldwin Cornet 

16 N. 




Mustered out Aug. 20, 1863. . 

Aug. 25, 1863 

6 N. 




Mustered out July 17, 1865. . 

Asst. Surgeon 

10 N. 




Discharged disabled Jan. 16, 

5 N. 




Mustered out Oct. 29, 1864. . 

8 N. 




Mustered out Oct. 28, 1865. . 

2 N. 




Died of wounds 

Nov. 6, 1862 

7 N. 




Mustered out July 20, 1865 . 

Jan. 18, 1869 

6 N. 




Discharged disabled June 2, 

2 N. 




Discharged disabled Nov. 29, 

4 Mass. 

H. Art. H 

Mustered out June 17, 1865. . 

4 N. 




Discharged Sept. 1, 1865. . . 

7 N. 




Twice wounded. Appt. Capt. 
Co. B, Nov. 2, 1864. 

6 111. 



16 N. 




Appt. Serg. Mustered out 
Aug. 20, 1863. 

4 N. 




Mustered out Aug. 23, 1865. . 


11 M 




Mustered out June 4, 1865. . 

6 N. 




Discharged on account oi 
wounds Jan. 26, 1863. 

8 N. 




Mustered out Oct. 28, 1865. . 

Dec. 19, 1867 


11 N. 




Twice wounded. Discharged 
disabled Oct. 25, 1864. 

Aug. 19, 1864 

16 N. 




Mustered out Aug. 20, 1863 . 

15 N. 




Discharged Aug. 13, 1863. Died 
at Townsend. 

Aug. 27, 1863 

18 N. 




Mustered out June 10, 1865. 
Died at Togus. 

May 26, 1887 


13 N. 




Wounded. Mustered out June 
22, 1865. Died at Rindge. 

Feb. 28, 1884 





IVTEW Ipswich was originally settled by men who feared 
^ God and recognized their obligation to sustain the in- 
stitutions of religion. Previous to the coming of the settlers 
under the Massachusetts Grant men were sent forward "to 
erect a convenient meeting house," and the first structure of 
any kind reared within the territory of the town was for 
religious worship. The Masonian charter (June 16, 1749) 
specified that the Grantees reserve ten acres of land there, 
/'. e., around said meeting-house. "And said Grantees shall 
within seven years settle a learned and orthodox minister in 
said township, and for whom suitable provision shall be 

The site of the first meeting-house was located by the 
son of Judge Timothy Farrar at the time of the church cen- 
tennial (1860) as being on the hill east of the Farrar house 
"on a small plat ten rods S. 6° 30' E. from the highest point 
on the hill." This building was burned in the winter of 1748. 
Among the papers of Prof. Chandler I find this note (authority 
not given) : "The meeting-house stood on the Farrar's hill 
and was thirty feet square, built of logs being nicely hewn 
and roofed with bark. The superior elegance of this temple 
excited the wonder of the neighboring towns." 

In 1752 the town voted to build a meeting-house, and 
after much discussion it was decided to place it on "Lott No. 
1 in the 10th Range." Meantime, (October, 1753,) it was 
voted to "meet at the house of Joseph Kidder for the future," 
which stood on the site of the house now occupied by Mrs. 
Frank W. Preston. This house was finished in February, 
1759. At once it was voted "to seet ye meeting house" and 
a committee was chosen for the purpose. As seats were as- 
signed to individuals in the supposed order of their social 
standing, it would seem to modern estimate that there would 
be an abundant opportunity for criticism, but the majesty of 
the law, even as represented by a committee chosen from one's 
social peers, was then of more practical power than at the 
present day. 


Rev. Stephen Farra^r 

While waiting for an abidingplace the town had sought 
to find a minister and a call was given to Mr. Peter Powers, 
which he did not accept. Also Mr. Deliverance Smith declined 
to settle here, although it was voted to give him "53 pounds 
6 shillings & 8 pence Lawful Silver money as yearly sallery 
if he settles with us so long as he sustains the Carator of our 
Gospel Minister." 

We will believe that a kindly Providence prevented these 
two men from coming to this town that a iDetter influence 
might be brought to it in the person of Mr. Stephen Farrar, 
who was called "to be our Gospel Minister in this place," 
November 28, 1759. His "Sallery was to be 40 pounds Starling 
money of Grate Britton and 30 cord of good wood, Cord wood 
length to be delivered at his house anually." This call was 
accepted by Mr. Farrar July 30, 1760. 

The formal organization of the church took place Octo- 
ber 21, 1760, and the following day Stephen Farrar was 
ordained and installed pastor of the church. It is not an 
overstatement to say that no one event in the history of the 
town has been of greater importance. The influence of this 
young pastor in the formative period of the growth of the 
town, coming here in the vigor and enthusiasm of early man- 
hood, aided by the prestige in those early days accorded to 
his profession, has made itself felt to the present day. The 
bond between pastor and people was strong, and increasing 
year by year was broken only by his death. 

The church at its organization consisted of twenty-one 
members; to these, before 1772, thirty-eight others were 
added. The records are tantalizingly imperfect. Save a par- 
tial record of admissions and baptisms, only one item of 
business is recorded previous to 1800, and all the records are 
written on four leaves measuring six by four inches. In that 
year a bound volume was obtained which contains the records 
of 1800-1834, but they were written with no regard to chrono- 
logical order and the confusion is misleading and discouraging. 
Fortunately for the historian of the future, the contents of 
this volume have been transcribed in proper order and are 
now accessible. 

Within three years the growing population of the town 
made the meeting-house too small for its needs, and in 1762 
an article was in the warrant for town meeting "to see if they 
[the Proprietors] will make preparations for Building a meet- 


History of New Ipswich 

ing house." Controversy as to the location and dimensions 
of the house ensued and it was not finished until 1770. When 
it was "erected and covered," after long discussion it was 
decided that the "Pews shall be sold at public vendue to the 
highest bidder." This auction was held November 25, 1768. 
A list of the buyers is given. 

Charles Barrett £82 Is. No. 29 A body pew, pews on three sides. 

Thomas Heald i80 1 Next to S. door. 

Francis Appleton £80 7 Next to East door. 

Benjamin Adams £80 10 In amen corner next to N. E. pew. 

Moses Tucker Jr. ) ,_o on r. j ^ , i i 

Benjamin Wheat \^^^ ^ ^"^^ P^^' ^°'""^'' °^ ^lock. 

Ephraim Adams £77 9 N. W. corner pew. 

Jonathan Dix £76 16 N. E. corner pew. 

Nathan Cutter £71 11 Amen corner, next to B. Adams. 

Timothy Fox £66 34 Body pew, corner of block. 

Peter Fletcher £64 31 Body pew, corner of block. 

Eleazer Cummings £58 12 Amen corner, next to pulpit. 

Josiah Brown £43 21 S. W. corner pew, next to stairs. 

Andrew Spaulding £42 4 S. E. corner pew, next to stairs. 

This house was directly opposite the old cemetery. 

The "Great Revival" began in the winter of 1785-86 and 
continued nearly a year. Early in the winter, at the quarterly 
fast which the church had been accustomed to observe for 
several years, an unusual number were present, and the pres- 
ence of the Holy Spirit was manifest in power. The people 
could not go away "but remained to converse on their own 
personal religion." Through the winter the work went on. 
The season was one of great severity, but people went on 
the crusted snow through the fields from one meeting to 
another at a later hour. It is said that even the sick were 
carried on beds. Sometimes Mr. Farrar preached in a barn 
with the hearers seated on the floor and the scafifold. Ninety- 
eight persons were added to the church within two years. 

Mr. Farrar's pastorate was not marked by any other 
events of special interest. He lived the quiet life of a country 
minister, doing his duty to all, and was a power for good in 
giving tone and direction to every project for the benefit of 
the town. To him revered and beloved as "the Good Parson," 
June 23, 1809, the end came suddenly, and he went to join in 
another world those of his flock to whom he had shown the 
way to the heavenly gates. 

Rev. Seth Payson preached the funeral sermon from the 


Rev. Richard Hall 

words, "And devout men carried Stephen to his burial, and 
made great lamentation over him." The town paid the ex- 
penses of his funeral and placed over his grave a marble slab 
with the inscription, 

The people of his charge leave this stone 

To mark the place 

Where they have laid him. 

On the one hundreth anniversary of Mr. Farrar's death 
a simple service was held at his grave. An appreciative sketch 
of his character and influence written by Miss Katharine 
Preston, who is of his lineage, and read by Rev. C. R. Pea- 
cock, a poem by Dea. James Roger, formerly of Edinboro, 
with prayer by Rev. W. R. Thompson, fitted the quiet sunset 
hour, serene and beautiful, typical of the close of the life 
which we met to commemorate. 

Each year on June 23, a young woman whose heart is 
filled with reverence for those who laid the broad foundations 
of all that is good in the town places upon Mr. Farrar's grave 
flowers gathered from the garden of his lifelong home. 

Immediately after Mr. Farrar's death the town looked for 
a successor. One or two candidates were heard, but it was 
not easy to find a man who would fill the place of the lamented 
and revered pastor. One candidate, so tradition relates, was 
rejected because he wore white stockings, so unlike the black 
and inconspicuous garments which were worn by Mr. Farrar. 
December 5, 1811, a call was given by the town to Mr. Richard 
Hall, and he was ordained March 12, 1812. In August of 
that year he strengthened his relation to the people by his 
marriage with Lucy, eldest daughter of Hon. Timothy Farrar 
and niece of Rev. Mr. Farrar. 

Before Mr. Hall came to the church a revival was in 
progress which was greatly helped by his ministrations. In 
1821-22 there was another revival of great power, and as the 
fruit of the two there were added to the church about one 
hundred and fifty persons. During his ministry a creed and 
confession of faith was adopted, and all who were admitted 
to the church were required to subscribe to it. It embodied 
very strictly the theological tenets of the day. 

The meeting-house became too small, and also so dilapi- 
dated that a new one was needed. The new building on the 
spot where the present one stands was begun in 1812, and 


History of New Ipswich 

completed in 1813. "Modeled after Park Street meeting-house 
in Boston, it was a stately building with graceful spire, a 
perfect type of the colonial church and dear to the heart of 
every one within sound of its sweet-toned bell." 

In 1818 the first Sunday School was organized by the women 
of the church. During the following winter it was suspended 
but revived in the following spring, and has continued to this 
day, the instrument of untold good. The widow Abigail Davis 
was the first superintendent. 

Mr. Hall died July 13, 1824, after a prolonged illness. 
"His ministry was faithful and successful." "His mental 
powers were above the ordinary grade, and he was noted 
for his decision of character." 

In 1823 a Religious Society was formed to cooperate with 
the church by having special care of financial matters and 
of general temporalities. It began with one hundred mem- 
bers, and George F. Farley was the first secretary. Thus 
at the termination of Mr. Hall's ministry the official connec- 
tion of the town with the church ceased. 

After much indecision and discussion the church gave a 
call to Rev. Isaac R. Barbour October 4, 1824, and the in- 
stallation took place March 8, 1826. On August 22. of the 
same year, on account of the health of his wife, he asked a 
dismission. This request was granted only too willingly. 

In choosing a successor to Mr. Barbour the church and 
society were unanimous in the choice of Mr. Charles Walker, 
who came here directly from Andover Theological Seminary. 
The salary offered was $700, and he was ordained Februar}'" 
28, 1827. His ministry was conscientious and successful, es- 
pecially in enlisting a more general activity in the church. 
Protracted meetings were held repeatedly, and conversions 
were numerous. June 21, 1827, a committee was chosen to 
visit the members of the church "to converse particularly on 
the subject of religion." A committee of discipline was 
chosen which did its work too faithfully for the peace of the 
church. Members were disciplined for the most trivial causes, 
and long-continued discussions were wasted on trifles light 
as air. During the ministry of eight years there were one 
hundred and six church meetings on business, many of them 
beginning at nine o'clock in the morning and continuing until 
late at night ; also there were five councils or references, be- 


Rev. Samuel Lee 

sides those of ordination and dismission. Mr. Walker was 
dismissed August 26, 1835. 

Rev. Charles Walker was born in Rindge, N. H., November 
21, 1795. His father was a farmer of moderate means and the 
son had to earn his education by his own exertions. He 
graduated at Dartmouth College in 182.3 and at Andover 
Theological Seminary in 1826, being then more than thirty 
years old. A man of fair talents, an impressive preacher, and 
of a gentle spirit. After leaving this church he was settled 
March 9, 1836, at Windsor, Conn. The last years of his life 
were spent at Groton, Mass., where he died October 23, 1847. 

At a meeting of the church January 18, 1836, "A subject 
was presented by the Moderator for consultation, as to the 
propriety or expediency of calling a man to settle with us as 
a minister of the gospel without attending to the usual pre- 
liminary course of probation." "After some little consultation 
it was moved and seconded that we present Rev. Samuel Lee 
of Sherburne, Alass., a call to settle with us in the work of 
the gospel ministry. The above motion was carried into 
effect by vote of the church." The church knew of Mr. Lee 
only from the report of a committee who had attended a 
protracted meeting at Ashburnham, where he had been called 
to assist the pastor. 

The call, one of several under consideration at that time 
by Mr. Lee, was accepted, and the installation took place on 
May 5, 1836. Early in his ministry some changes took place. 
So far as is known it had always been the custom of the 
church that candidates for membership should appear before 
a public church meeting, relate their religious experience, or 
read a paper which they had written, and then be questioned 
by any member of the church. This in itself was an ordeal 
from which nearly every one would shrink. In July, 1837, 
it was voted "That candidates for admission to the church 
meet the Committee of Examination, and if by them approved, 
be propounded three weeks at least previous to the time of 

Another revival came to this church in 1841-42, but unlike 
some of previous years there was no excitement, but a calm, 
intense earnestness which continued during nearly two years. 
"There were added to the church one hundred and ten per- 
sons, several husbands and wives side by side, and most of 


History of New Ipswich 

them persons in middle life." In 1857-58 there was again 
much religious interest, fifteen being added to the church, 
beside a much larger number of students of the Academy 
who would join their home churches. 

Notwithstanding this increased religious interest other 
agencies were at work. In 1841 the use of wine at the com- 
munion table was brought before the church. After pro- 
longed discussion and thought the church voted to continue 
the use of wine as had been the custom ever since the time 
of Christ. The vote stood eighty-four in favor of the use of 
the wine, four against it. Thus that special question was defi- 
nitely settled. But the germ of discord grew with the years 
and the church became divided on many questions. Advice 
was asked and given by two ecclesiastical councils, and at 
the suggestion of the second, many of the dissatisfied mem- 
bers asked for dismission and recommendation to other 
churches, although it is certain that at Mason Village they did 
not receive a cordial welcome. 

The meeting-house, built in 1813, had become dilapidated 
and in need of repair to render it comfortable or pleasing to 
the eye. In 1851 it was remodeled by raising the floor and 
removing the galleries, thus making the auditorium specially 
fine in its acoustic properties. The beautiful proportions of 
the former spire were retained, and from its height came the 
tones of the sweet-voiced bell presented in 1815 by citizens of 
the town. Within a few years it has been learned that this 
bell came from the foundry of Paul Revere. This building 
was burned July 15, 1902. 

The church celebrated its centennial anniversary October 
22, 1860. An historic discourse had been prepared by the 
pastor, but as on account of ill-health he was not able to 
deliver it, it was read by Rev. Mr. Fisher of Mason Village, 
Rev. Mr. Bell of Ashby, and Rev. Isaac Stearns Perry of 
Bellows Falls, Vt. The following was the programme pre- 
pared by the committee in charge. 

Gathering at the site of the old meeting-house. 

Prayer and brief address, 10 a. m. 

Procession to the church. 

Historical Discourse, 11 :00 a. m. 

Dinner in the basement of the church with addresses. 

Sacrament of the Lord's Supper in the church. 


Rev. Calvin Cutler 

A flag had been reared on the site of the iirst meeting- 
house on Farrar Hill, which could be seen from the place of 
gathering. There are those living who remember the under- 
pinning stones of that house, and can identify the spot. 

Mr. Lee's health failing, he resigned his pastorate and was 
dismissed December 9, 1860. Save the life-long pastorate of 
Parson Farrar, that of Mr. Lee was the longest recorded in 
the history of the church and its influence was proportionate, 
especially in connection with the Academy. One who was 
often a member of the congregation said of him : "Mr. Lee 
has a logical and metaphysical mind ; is an independent and 
liberal thinker; announces his convictions with great decision 
and earnestness ; is a faithful and devoted pastor ; an active 
and enlightened friend of education ; and is greatly beloved 
by his people." Another adds, "His prayers carried one into 
the presence of a helpful Heavenly Father." 

January 23, 1861, an ecclesiastical council met for the pur- 
pose of authorizing the union of the two Congregational 
churches here existing. From their result we quote : "Voted 
that we approve the basis on which the two churches have 
agreed to unite, and that we consummate the union here in- 
tended." Soon after this union the church received a legacy 
from the estate of Mrs. Dolly Everett of $4,000. The 
dwelling-house of Mrs. Everett was given the church for a 

After a long period of hearing candidates, a call was given 
to Mr. Calvin Cutler, which he accepted, and he was ordained 
March 12, 1862. After a pastorate of five years Mr. Cutler 
asked a dismission, and although the church voted "that we 
earnestly request him to withdraw his request for dismission," 
he felt that "his work here was done." A council of dismis- 
sion met April 11, 1867. Mr. Cutler gained in a marked 
degree the affection and confidence of the church and they 
parted with him most reluctantly. He became the pastor of 
the church in Auburndale, Mass., and remained there until 
his death. 

January 1, 1868, Rev. Prescott Fay was installed pastor 
of the church, and dismissed October 6, 1869. 

Several of the succeeding pastorates were so brief that 
there is little to record save the date of the commencement 
and the closing of the ministries to the church. 


History of New Ipswich 

Rev. B. F. Ray began his work as a pastor July 10, 1870, 
and was most earnest in his efforts to aid the church. He 
died here January 7, 1872. 

Rev. Thomas S. Robie became acting pastor in April, 1873. 
and retired April 1, 1874. 

Rev. B. N. Seymour became acting pastor September 27, 
1874, and retired March 10, 1878. 

Rev. Horace Parker became acting pastor March, 1879. 
having previously supplied the pulpit for nearly two years ; 
he retired June 1, 1880. 

Mr. Sumner G. Wood was ordained and installed as pas- 
tor December 30, 1880, and dismissed February 14, 1883. 
From here he went to Fall River, Mass. 

Rev. George F. Merriam became acting pastor here in 
connection with his charge in Greenville, June, 1883, and 
retired in 1891. After a pastorate of more than thirty-five 
years at Greenville he was called to the historic church in 
Deerfield, Mass., but soon failing health caused his resigna- 
tion, and he passed the remainder of his life with his children. 
He held the pen of a ready writer, and his services were much 
in demand for the writing of biographical and historic articles 
for the press. His ministrations to this church were most 
helpful, and his memory is precious. He died August 5, 1912. 

Rev. G. W. Johnson became acting pastor December 27, 
1891, and resigned August 11, 1892. 

Mr. A. L. Parsons became acting pastor October 2, 1892. 
He died suddenly March 25, 1894. 

Rev. H. H. Looniis became acting pastor September. 1894, 
and resigned July, 1896. 

Rev. G. F. Bradford became acting pastor September, 1896. 
Resigned July 1, 1900. 

Mr. H. A. Barber, although still a theological student, be- 
gan the supply of the pulpit December, 1900, was ordained 
here August 22, 1903, and resigned July, 1904. 

Rev. Lyman Mevis was acting pastor from December, 

1904, until' October, 1905. 

Mr. Charles R. Peacock supplied the pulpit in November, 

1905, was ordained here July 30, 1908, and resigned January 
15, 1911. 

Rev. Orlando M. Lord was invited to become pastor of 
this church July 27, 1911, and retired May 1, 1914. 

The invested funds of the church amount to about $12,000. 


The New Church 

July 15, 1902, our church was struck by lightning and 
wholly destroyed. While the flames were still burning Mrs. 
George R. Barrett promised a gift of $5,000 toward building 
a new church. Later she purchased two pews, paying for 
them $1000. The bell which she gave to the town at the same 
time bears her name, Elizabeth M. Barrett, and was rung 
for the first time by the donor and her granddaughter. Mrs. 
Barrett added a personal touch to the value of her gift by 
having the furniture for the pulpit made to order from designs 
of her own choice. Other friends were generous, and August 
22, 1903, the new church was dedicated. It is convenient and 
with its pleasant interior and sweet-toned organ meets the 
wants of the congregation, but to the older people it can 
never fill the place of the former edifice, so suited to this 
old colonial town. 

The church observed the one hundred and fiftieth anni- 
versary of its organization August 25, 1910. In the morning 
there was a brief service at the site of the old meeting-house, 
and at the church an informal reception dinner, served at 
noon, was followed by brief addresses by friends and neigh- 
boring ministers. In the afternoon religious services were 
held in the auditorium ; the sermon was by Rev. G. Ernest 
Merriam, son of a former pastor. An interesting history of 
the church written by Miss Katharine Preston was read by 
Rev. C. R. Peacock, and a large choir led in the singing of 
old hymns. 

So far as can be learned there have been admitted to this 
church 1557 people. For many years the records were so 
imperfect that we may estimate the total number to be at 
least 1800, probably more. A catalogue of members is in 
process of preparation, giving dates of admission, dismission, 
and death so far as they can be learned. From the families of 
this church there have gone missionaries, ministers and min- 
isters' wives, and teachers beyond computation. 

In 1843 the number of members of the church was 402, 
thus making it the largest but one in the state. 

A program, of stated meetings may be of interest. Sunday 
morning services at 10:30 o'clock; Sunday School, followed 
by exchange of books at the two libraries, filled the time 
until the afternoon service, which lasted until 3 o'clock. A 
third service was held in the evening at the brick school- 


History of New Ipswich 

house, or later in the chapel and more recently at the church. 
Weekday prayer meetings were held Wednesday evening in 
the school-house ; Thursday afternoon at the church ; Friday 
afternoon in Davis Village at a private house, and Saturda}^ 
evening at the school-house. This was previous to 1860. 

The meetings at Davis Village were distinctive. Rev. 
Perley B. Davis writes of them, "The Davis meetings began 
at the home of Joseph Davis in 1810 for the benefit of the 
three Davis brothers, their two sisters, and their families. 
Later, they were held at four or five different houses, and 
I do not know how long they were continued, but certainly 
for more than fifty years. In the summer time the brothers 
and sometimes one or two others would leave their farms 
and gather, in very humble apparel, for the hour's service. 
The women would come wearing a calash. In the winter the 
meetings would be larger. The rooms were lighted by an 
open fireplace and tallow candles. The singing was from the 
village hymnbook and was, I think, not very artistic." In 
the autumn of 1860 a semi-centennial meeting was held at 
the house of Joseph Davis, the place of the first meeting. 

"The Maternal Association organized May 15, 1817, was 
the earliest in the country." (Sketch of New Ipswich, i8^5. 
Rev. Charles Walker.) The mothers met once a month for 
discussion concerning the training, physical, mental, and re- 
ligious, of their children, and every three months the children 
were brought to the meetings to exemplify methods and their 
progress in the Bible and Catechism." (K. P.) One woman 
still preserves a copy of the Life of Mary Lyon given her for 
perfectly committing to memory the Westminster Catechism. 

Fast days were numerous and were kept by all the con- 
gregation. Their observance was no idle form. Very little 
food was provided for breakfast, and only a moderate meal 
for dinner, and with a church service, the absence of work 
save that of necessity, and the entire absence of amusements, 
the day seemed almost as distinctive as the Sabbath. 

Few churches have had better examples in those who have 
guided their labors and influence for the past one hundred 
and fifty years. May we never lower the standard of earnest, 
honest work for God and the world. 


The Baptist Church 

The Baptist Church 

In the latter part of the eighteenth century a few persons 
in New Ipswich, uniting with others in Temple, Jaffrey, and 
Rindge, formed a Baptist church. Meetings were held in 
private houses and later in the old meeting-house formerly 
used by the Congregational church. In 1815 a house was 
erected by Deacon Aaron Brown, chiefly at his own expense. 
"It stood on the north side of the road to Mill Village [now 
Smithville] a few rods from the Academy corner, a small, 
plain structure." "In 1850 it was taken down and removed 
to its present location at the center of the village. A base- 
ment and spire have been added, and it is now an ornament 
to the village." Its cost, $2600, was paid before its dedication. 

In 1814 the members living in Temple united with those 
here and formed the Baptist church in New Ipswich of thirty- 
three members. Elder John Parkhurst, the first pastor, was 
installed March 10, 1814, and remained until 1821. 

The succeeding pastors were: 

Ferris Moore 1821-24 

Joseph Elliott 1824-27 

Benjamin R. Skinner 1827-28 

Calvin Greenleaf 1828-30 

Asaph Merriam 1830-36 

Johnson Howard 1836-39 

L. M. Wilmarth 1840-42 

Jacob Weston 1842-43 

Harrison W. Strong 1843- 

A. H. House 1850- 

E. W. Pray 1853-54 

Edwin Dibell 1854-60 

Church closed much of the time for several years. 

E. J. Emery . 
A. Snyder 
L. M. Barnes . 
J. M. Coburn . 
W. R. Thompson 
J. M. Coburn (d. 
Elisha Sanderson 
H. N. Wiggin . 
C J. Wilcomb 
T. V. Caulkins 
J. W. Tingley . 
C. L. Eldredge 




Nov., 1910-14 


History of New Ipswich 

So far as can be learned from the records the total mem- 
bership since the organization of the church in 1814 is 405. 
Present membership, 27. Rev. C. L. Eldredge, Pastor. Mary 
E. Blanchard (Mrs. Edwin F.), Clerk. Dea. William H. 
Wilson, Treasurer. 

Like all country churches in New England a majority of 
the members are women, and the work of sustaining the 
various church activities largely rests on them. The women 
of this church have met their demands most nobly. By the 
work of the "Ladies' Aid Society" and help from friends out 
of town the church has been kept in good repair. For some 
years they have wished for a bell which would tell of the 
hours of their service, and for a clock which should be of 
use to the village. Some friends, children of former mem- 
bers, under the influence of Mrs. Dixon D. Wheeler became 
practically interested, and November 19, 1910, Mrs. Frederick 
Jones (with the help of a stronger hand) rang the new bell 
for the first time. Mrs. Emma L. Tucker has solicited funds 
for the purchase of a clock, which is now placed on the church. 
It first struck the hour at noon September 26, 1912. 

The welfare of the village is largely helped because this 
place of worship is easily accessible, and is open to many 
who cannot go to the more distant Congregational Church. 
The church deserves great credit for its courage and energy 
in continuing the services, Sabbath and midweek, though with 
limited numbers. 

Unitarian Church 

In 1833 a number of the people of the town united to 
form a Unitarian church. Mr. Charles Barrett erected near 
High Bridge a fine building with a handsome interior. The 
ministers who officiated there were Rev. Mr. Harding, Rev. 
Reuben Bates, Rev. Warren Burton. Mr. Bates left in 1835. 

No list of members of this church can be found, but the 
following list of parents whose children were baptized by 
Rev. Mr. Bates may be of interest : Ayers, John and Mary 
B. ; Barnard, Loring and Sarah ; Clark, Benjamin and Martha ; 
Farwell, Moors and Sarah ; Porter, Samuel and Elvira C. ; 
Prichard, Jeremiah and Nancy; Webster, Jonathan and 

After a few years the church was weakened by the death 
of its principal supporters, and soon became extinct. 


The Methodist Church 

Methodist Episcopal Church 

The records of this church having been destroyed, its his- 
tory can be learned only from the reports of various Confer- 
ence meetings. 

The church was organized in 1842 and the meeting-house 
in the Center Village was dedicated June 25, 1842. In 1849 
the Sunday School had 95 scholars, and a library of more 
than 150 volumes. That year a church was built in the Sou- 
hegan village. "About this time the members of the church 
formed themselves into a society to have charge of the finan- 
cial concerns of the church. The first signers were Rev. 
Jonathan Hall, Amos Merrill, Joseph Turner, Nathaniel Bar- 
rett, Ezra Webber." In 1854 there was often an attendance 
of 200, and the Sunday School was prosperous. In 1872 there 
was a membership of 38. 

Removals for various causes, and the gradual introduction 
of French Canadians to take the place of the American and 
Scotch families at High Bridge, all tended to lessen the atten- 
dance, until in 1889 the society felt that it could no longer 
support a pastor. For more than fifteen years the pulpit 
was occasionally supplied by pastors of neighboring churches ; 
but in November, 1905, the church was finally closed. 

For many years this church had a special field of useful- 
ness, ministering to the spiritual needs of many in those vil- 
lages who could not attend church elsewhere. 

"October 13, 1907, Rev. George H. Hardy of Ashburnham, 
assisted by other clergymen, conducted an impressive fare- 
well service in the church. The audience filled the house. 
Thirteen days later, for the sum of $150, the church building 
became the property of Bank Village. The library and book- 
case were presented to the New Ipswich Baptist church, and 
the communion service to the new Finnish church in town." 
(A. A. G.) 

During the sixty-four years of its existence the church 
was under the care of thirty clergymen, nine of whom^ each 
remained less than a year, and three of them each only a 
year. The other pastorates were : 

J. W. Guernsey 1846-48 

Jonathan Hall 1849-51 

Jonathan Hall 1852-55 

S. G. Kellogg 1856-58 

A. P. Hatch 1859-61 


History of New Ipswich 

The church was closed several years between 1862 and 1870. 

Irad Taggart 1870-72 

Jacob Spaulding 1872-75 

Israel Ainsworth 1875-77 

G. M. Curl 1877-79 

The Second Congregational Church 

October 9, 1851, a Second Congregational church was or- 
ganized, consisting of persons dismissed by advice of council 
from the Congregational church in New Ipswich and some 
others from neighboring churches. The number of members 
was fifty-seven. The pastors were : 

Rev. Josiah Ballard, installed July 14, 1852, dismissed 
April 26, 1855. 

Rev. William Russell, installed June 25, 1856, dismissed 
September 22, 1858. 

Rev. Sylvanus Hayward supplied the pulpit for a year or 
longer, but was not installed. 

January 23, 1861, an ecclesiastical council met and "con- 
summated the union of the two churches here existing." 










TN 1790 the main road from Townsend and the region 
-^ toward the seaboard was Httle more than a bridle-path, 
scarcely passable for a carriage, but the adventurous traveler 
who persisted in pursuing the upward path found his reward. 
New Ipswich had not only a large and flourishing church, 
but an academy incorporated, and in so successful operation 
that at Dartmouth College in 1791 "There were no less than 
ten students from New Ipswich." 

As early as 1762 there was a public school in New Ipswich 
and in 1772 a migratory grammar school, the master going 
from one district to another. June 18, 1789, by act of the 
New Hampshire state legislature, this school was incorporated 
as New Ipswich Academy, for the purpose of promoting piety 
and virtue, and for the education of youth in the English and 
Latin and Greek languages, in writing, arithmetic, music, and 
the art of speaking, practical geometry, logic, geography, and 
such "others of the liberal arts and sciences or languages as 
the Trustees shall direct." 

Hon. Samuel Appleton wrote many years ago of the early 
trustees : "The zeal they had for education was so great that 
some of them even mortgaged their houses and lands to 
raise money to educate their children." "The first sixty-five 
years of the existence of the Academy were marked by con- 
tinued donations of money, books, apparatus, and labor from 
the loyal citizens of New Ipswich and the trustees and alumni 
of the academy, and the marked success of the graduates of 
the school in all walks of life attests its vigorous internal 
growth during that period." (Prospectus, iQio-ii.) 

This was the second academy incorporated in the state, 
Phillips Exeter being five years its senior, although the town 
of Exeter is a century older than New Ipswich. It is the 
third in the United States to be co-educational ; Leicester 
Academy and the Derby School at Hingham — the first school 
in America founded by a woman — were, so far as can be 
learned, the only co-educational institutions in the land before 


History of New Ipswich 

The first academy building, erected in 1789 about one 
hundred rods north of the meeting-house, was on land donated 
by Rev, Mr. Farrar, and was a one-story building 40x38 feet. 
It is now a dwelling house owned by Dea. William H. Wilson. 
In 1816 it was thought wise to erect a new building nearer 
the geographical center of the town. As the town was then 
realizing the need of better accommodations for town meet- 
ings, an arrangement was entered into by which one building 
should answer both purposes, the lower story being used by 
the town and the second story by the Academy. In 1831 a 
fine bell was given the institution by Mrs. Dolly Appleton 
Everett, and for more than eighty years it has noted the 
hours of the school. During the administration of Mr. Shedd 
a house was built for the use of students who wished to board 
themselves. After the building of the present academy this 
house was moved to the spot now occupied by the girls' 
dormitory, and was used as a boarding-house, for many years 
being well filled, one or more of the faculty being in charge. 

"Soon after the centennial celebration, a meeting of New 
Ipswich gentlemen residing in Boston was held at the house 
of Jonas Chickering, which resulted in a subscription in aid 
of the Academy amounting to $7000, viz. : from Samuel Apple- 
ton $4000, Samuel Batchelder $1000, Jonas Chickering $1000, 
Nathan Appleton $500, Frederick and Edward Kidder $250, 
Edward W. and George M. Champney $250. As the trustees 
were satisfied that the school could not be successfully con- 
tinued without a new building the subscribers consented that 
their contributions thereto should be applied for this purpose, 
provided the residents would contribute to purchase the nec- 
essary land and lay the foundations. Some rivalry arose be- 
tween the advocates of a southern or a northern locality, 
but the northerners finally prevailed and secured the beauti- 
ful location between Preston and Farrar streets, facing the 
\'illage Green, and containing about three acres. The corner- 
stone was laid August 11, 1853, at which an address was made 
by Rev. Mr. Lee, and speeches by others present ; original 
hymns were sung, etc. The building was occupied by the 
school March, 1854, and was appropriately dedicated Septem- 
ber 6, 1854, the address being given by Rev, Frederick A. 
Adams. The edifice is of brick and slated, containing five 
recitation rooms [now changed to four J, apartments for the 
Library, Cabinet, and Philosophical Apparatus, and a large 
hall to seat about six hundred persons, 


The Appleton Endowment 

"In consequence of the numerous and important dona- 
tions from Samuel Appleton and others of the family, the 
name of the academy was changed to 'New Ipswich Appleton 
Academy' in June, 1853, about the time of Mr. Appleton's 
death, and his executors decreed the sum of $20,000 fromi funds 
left by him for similar purposes as an endowment. This, 
with other donations from non-resident sons of New Ipswich 
who desired to give some token of their local attachment and 
their interest in the prosperity of the Academy, were an- 
nounced at the dedication. Among them were an electrical 
machine from Ira Holden of New Orleans, air-pump and mi- 
croscope from Jeremiah Prichard, Jr., pianoforte from George 
N. Davis of Boston, barometer from Timothy Perry, 100 vol- 
umes of books from Charles D. Gould and Joshua Lincoln, 
several thousand specimens to found a cabinet of natural his- 
tory from Dr. A. A. Gould of Boston, a bust of Samuel Apple- 
ton from Mrs. Appleton, an epitome of the history of the 
academy written on a large sheet to be hung in the hall by 
Dea. N. D. Gould. 

"In a cavity of the corner-stone laid under the southwest 
corner of the building is a leaden box six inches square and 
three inches deep, containing a calatogue of the Academy for 
1852-3, circular for 1852-3, regulations of the police of New 
Ipswich, invoice of the polls and estates of New Ipswich, 
report of the Superintending School Committee, 1852-3, Scien- 
tific American, Daily Evening Traveller, Aug. 10, 1853, Daily 
Advertiser, Aug. 10, 1853, Barnums Illustrated News, Aug. 

13, 1853, Farmer's Cabinet, Aug. 4, 1853, bills of the New 
Ipswich Bank, coins of the United States, 1853, Boston Semi- 
Weekly Post, Boston Daily Journal, and a history of the 
building, with the names of the Donors." (T. F.) 

During Mr. Westgate's administration the small building 
south of the Academy was provided for the use of pupils in 
drawing and painting. This was sometimes called the "Gas 
House." In 1868 the building north of the main cemetery, 
formerly used as a church, was moved to the lot east of the 
girls' dormitory and used as a gymnasium. Later it was sold 
and taken away. At the Appleton Alumni reunion. February 

14, 1912, Mrs. James Barr Ames gave to the trustees the 
dwelling-house formerly occupied by Mr. and Mrs. S. T. 
Ames, thus carrying out the purpose of her late husband, 
who was a trustee and generous friend of the institution. The 


History of New Ipswich 

present academy building was first occupied in March, 1854, 
and thus has been in use for sixty years. 

The following is believed to be a complete list of the 

John Hubbard 1789-95 

Samuel Worcester 1796-97 

David Palmer 1797-98 

Peter Cochrane 1799- 

Warren Pierce 1799-1801 

Closed two years. 

Joseph Mulliken 1804-07 

Benjamin White 1807- 

Oliver Swain Taylor 1808-11 

Luke Eastman 1812 

Hart Talcott 1813 

Jesse Smith 1814-15 

Horace Hatch 1816 

Elijah Demond 1817 

Earl Smith 1818-20 

Amasa Edes 1820-22 

Rufus A. Putnam 1822-25 

Cranmore Wallace 1825 

Luther Smith 1826 

Seth H. Keeler 1827 

Robert A. Coffin 1828-33 

Asahel Foote 1833 

Stephen T. Allen 1833-34 

Charles Shedd 1834-41 

Josiah Crosby 1841 

James K. Colby 1842 

Abner S. Warner 1842-44 

Edward A. Lawrence 1844-51 

E. T. Quimby 1851-65 

E. T. Rowe 1865-66 

E. W. Westgate 1866-71 

John Herbert 1871-74 

William A. Preston 1874-1903 

John Preston 1903-04 

Charles P. Poor 1904-05 

Herschel W. Lewis 1906- 

The teacher in charge of the Academy was first styled 
rector after the Scotch custom, then preceptor, and during 

these later years, principal, or more familiarly, Prof. Many 
of the principals were men of marked ability and worthy of 

John Hubbard, son of Jonathan, was the first preceptor, 
and "soon brought the school into public favor." "A public- 


Faculty Sketches 

spirited citizen, the town is much indebted to him for the 
spirit he infused and the institutions he founded. He was 
noted for his musical taste and talents." 

"It was during the administration of Mr. Mulliken in 
1806 or 1807 that Miss Allen, daughter of Rev. Mr. Allen of 
Bradford, Mass., and afterward the wife of Thos. A. Mirrill, 
D. D., of Middlebury, Vt., was engaged as preceptress. She 
was an accomplished teacher and had a large class of young 
ladies whom she instructed in the higher branches of litera- 
ture, and in the collateral branches of refinement and taste 
then taught in the best schools of female education. The 
spare rooms in the Academy were not large enough to accom- 
modate her school, and she used the hall in Mr. Barrett's 
house for a schoolroom. No female school of a higher charac- 
ter than hers has ever been taught in this place, and few any- 
where else." (T. F.) 

Oliver Swain Taylor, a native of this town, born Decem- 
ber 17, 1784, died April 19, 1885, at Auburn, N. Y. "He ex- 
ercised the duties of the position with much success, and the 
school reached an unusual degree of prosperity." 

After one of those periods of depression which are certain 
to occur in all associations, under the care of Mr. Coffin, as- 
sisted by his wife, the Academy "rose to a high pitch of 
prosperity," which was maintained by his successor, Mr. 

Judging from accessible records the greatest number of 
students was in 1838, during the administration of Mr. Shedd, 
as there were 278 different students during that year. Tradi- 
tion tells of his success and popularity as a teacher. 

Under the leadership of Mr. Quimby the school reached a 
high standard of activity. His influence over many of his pu- 
pils was very great. Prof. C. H. Chandler, whom we mourn, 
said that his school life here was of more value to him than 
his college course. 

Mr. Herbert came here immediately after graduating at 
Dartmouth. Though so young, his discipline was worthy of 
note ; "like one of the forces of nature, quiet, unostentatious, 
but powerful and all-pervasive." 

"Mr. Preston was a rare scholar and his instruction was 
of a high order. Of brilliant and versatile mind, he possessed 
the true genius of teaching. Himself a poet, his instruction 
in Latin, Greek, and English poetry is to be remembered as 


History of New Ipswich 

a rare privilege. Mr. Preston's teaching was supplemented 
in the department of mathematics by that of his brother, Mr. 
Frank W. Preston, no less gifted as a scholar and a teacher." 
(A former student.) 

In 1810 there were eighty students, thirty-five of whom 
were young women. At that very year in the (then) town 
of Boston, girls were allowed to attend the public schools in 
the summer only, and not then unless there were seats left 
vacant by boys. 

"Mrs. Preston (Betsy Champney) gives the following 
names of the members of the school in 1787: Samuel Farrar, 
(Andover,) William Sherwin, Thomas Cordis. (Boston,) Eben 
Lawrence, (physician, Hampton,) Rev. John Miles, (Grafton,) 
Rev. David Kendall, (Hubbardston,) Thomas Hazen, (Shir- 
ley,) Polly Farrar, (Mrs. Dakin,) Nancy Lawrence, (Mrs. I. 
Brown Farrar,) Dolly Appleton, (Mrs. Everett,) Jesse Apple- 
ton, John Ware, John Sparhawk, Polly Hartwell, (Mrs. Bel- 
lows,) Milly Woods, (Pepperell,) Crombie." (T. F.) 

In 1790 tuition was 12 shillings per quarter; in 1805 from 
17 to 25 cents per week at discretion of the preceptor; in 
1835, $3.50 to $4.00 per term, and needlework 25 cents to $1.00 
per term ; in 1879 tuition was $6.00 or $8.00 per term. Now 
it is $40.00 per year. "In 1852 Monochromatic, Calligraphic, 
Mezzotint, or Crayon drawing was $3.00 per term." In 1845 
the price of board was $1.33 to $1.50 per week. "Instruction 
was given in music, vocal and instrumental, penmanship, elo- 
cution, and book-keeping, and there were lectures on Anatom}^ 
and Physiology, Geology and Botany." Before the days of 
state normal schools, there was a "Teachers' class" giving 
instruction in the theory and practice of teaching, and the best 
methods of governing schools. In 1851 Mr. Quimby, the new 
principal, was requested to outline a course of study, both 
English and classical, which, when completed, should entitle 
a student to a diploma. 

In 1890 a reunion of Appleton alumni was held in Boston, 
an association formed, and a board of officers chosen with 
Mr. John Herbert as president. This was followed in a short 
time by a meeting at New Ipswich, and a great deal of en- 
thusiasm was aroused. Now the meetings are held in Boston 
in mid-winter once in five years, and in the summer midway 
between the Boston meetings one is held in New Ipswich on 
the familiar campus. A dinner is served in a large tent, with 


Present Conditions 

after-dinner speaking, an informal social evening in Academy 
hall, and much interchange of reminiscences and the life- 
history of friends. In 1891 a catalogue of the alumni was 
published containing more than 1500 names. We may well 
be proud of our alumni. Scattered throughout the world, many 
of them have made their names famous, and wherever they 
may be found they are, with few exceptions, helping the world 
along in the right direction. 

In the latter part of the last century the school passed 
through a period of depression, as it had several times pre- 
viously in its history, and the number of pupils became small. 
With the coming of the new century several new trustees 
were added to the board, who contributed liberally to its im- 
provement. Over $5000 was spent in repairs. The building 
was renovated ; laboratories, chemical and physical, equipped 
with the needful apparatus ; new floors laid ; a furnace in- 
stalled which provides a comfortable temperature ; important 
additions made to the library, and everything brought up to 
modern requirements. The Academy has a fund of about 
$50,000 carefully invested. 

We now have a man as principal and two young women 
as assistant teachers, all college graduates. To quote from 
the annual prospectus, "The course of study at New Ipswich 
Appleton Academy is designed primarily to give the students 
an all-round training and to develop their practical as well 
as their mental abilities, that they may become good farmers 
and good business men, as well as good lawyers, doctors, or 
teachers. To this end two courses of study are laid out, desig- 
nated as the College course and the General or English course. 
A special elective course in Science is provided for those who 
desire to enter a scientific school." To these is added more 
recently a course in domestic science, to be followed so soon 
as possible by one in practical agriculture. 

The general intelligence and literary cultivation of the 
people of New Ipswich is spoken of by strangers as unusual for 
a country town. This is due in very large measure to the 
opportunities given by the Academy for a larger education 
and broader knowledge of the world of literature and science. 

May the sons and daughters of Appleton cherish the mem- 
ory of their Alma Mater and help her to be more and more a 
blessing to future generations. 





^npHE necessities of frontier life made it essential that the 
-*- abundant waterpower of the region should be utilized 
for the daily needs of the people and, later, its use for manu- 
facturing purposes has been one of the chief sources of the 
enterprise and prosperity of the town. The earliest known 
record is of a sawmill built by the Massachusetts proprietors 
prior to 1741, probably on the site of the Farrar mills. To 
carry grain ten miles to Townsend over the rough road was 
burdensome, and a committee representing the town con- 
tracted with John Chandler of Westford to build a sawmill 
which should be "ready for service by the last of October. 
1750, and the corn mill in October, 1751." In 1768 these mills 
were purchased by Capt. Eleazar Cummings. 

Zachariah Adams and John Breed built the mills in Mill 
Village (now Smithville) as early as 1764. Though burned 
at least three times, they have always been at once rebuilt and 
constantly in use. The plant is now owned and used by 
Charles Wheeler and sons. 

Farrar's mill on Saw Mill Brook, built about 1790, was 
first a gristmill. In 1816 a carding machine was added. The 
mill privilege has been used by Hervey Batcheller, and later 
by Warren Pratt for making cigar boxes. On the opposite 
side of the road, and on the same stream, a mill was built 
later for making potato starch, but it was not a financial suc- 
cess. The name still clings to the beautiful little sheet of 
water, and it has been the place where the boys of the village 
have taken their first lessons in the art of swimming. In 
1860-65 cotton batting was manufactured there. About 1870 
Charles C. Bellows purchased the mill privilege and there 
made washing machines, spring beds, and creasing machines. 
After the death of Mr. Bellows, the work was carried on by 
F. N. Gibson for many years. It is now used as a grist and 
sawmill by W. D. Ashley, who has rebuilt the dam that he 
may secure a larger and better amount of ice for sale in 



In 1776 a "Clothier's Works and Fulling Mill" was built 
on the present site of the Waterloom mill. In 1800 it was 
purchased by Ephraim Hartwell, who there made linseed oil, 
and oatmeal for the druggists of Boston, who had previously 
imported the article. This was done under the direction of 
James Barr of Scotland. They also manufactured malt. 

"Before the year 1800 John Putnam, under the patronage 
of Ephraim Hartwell, commenced the manufacture of scythes. 
He first had a trip-hammer at Mill Village, but later erected 
the works down the stream." It is perhaps on this account 
that the mill is spoken of as the "Old Iron Works." In 1810 
the mill became a cotton factory, and in 1826 it was converted 
into a sawmill. Bedsteads, washing machines, churns, etc., were 
made there and many varieties of work which come under 
the head of wood-turning. It is now owned by Albert F. 
Walker & Son, who are developing a fine and growing 

About 1845 Charles Taylor built a sawmill and manufac- 
tured doors, blinds, window sashes, chairs (cane seat), and 
churns. The plant is now owned by Charles Hughes, who 
uses it as a gristmill and also for wood-turning. 

In the old sawmill Jonas Nutting and Stephen Sylvester 
made wooden chairs, and also used it as a saw and gristmill. 

Balch's mill, formerly Gibson's, built about 1800, is now 
owned by A. L. Balch, who uses it as a sawmill and also does 

The Waterloom mill in Bank Village, a substantial brick 
structure erected in 1821, was originally 84 feet long, 40 feet 
wide, and three stories high, each story being ten feet high, 
well lighted, and all in one room. Some years later the build- 
ing was considerably enlarged. At first there was woven 
sheeting, and later jeans and flannels, and a fine, heavy quality 
of blue denim, which found a ready sale in foreign markets. 
The Columbian Manufacturing Company bought the mill in 
1855. In May, 1895, the building was condemned as unsafe, 
was dismantled, and the machinery removed elsewhere. This 
mill is said to have been the first one in New Hampshire in 
which power looms were used. 

The first mill at High Bridge went into operation about 
1825, and was burned August 31, 1838, with an estimated loss 
of $30,000. It was rebuilt and again destroyed by fire in 
1872. In 1875-76 the present beautiful brick structure was 


History of New Ipswich 

erected and put in operation on the same site near the Souhe- 
gan River, from which it largely derives its motive power. 
This mill is 150 feet long, 60 feet wide, and five stories high, 
with a picker-house and a cotton-house attached. A large and 
handsome tower ornaments its front and affords a fine en- 
trance to the building. At the present writing (1913), the 
mill has 5800 spindles and 148 looms in operation, requiring 
the employment of 80 hands. It is lighted by electricity, and 
its whole equipment is up-to-date and of the most approved 
kind. Men now run from sixteen to twenty looms where 
formerly they could run only four looms. The mill uses 90 
bales of cotton per week, which is converted into 800 cuts of 
blue and mixed denim and striped cheviot. The plant has a 
waterwheel of 300-horse power, and when the supply of water 
is short, two engines in the basement of 250 and 80-horse 
power keep the machinery in action. The mill is operated 
almost without interruption, and at the present time is the 
town's largest and strongest business enterprise. Careful re- 
search shows that ten cotton mills have been operated in 
town. At present there is only one, that at High Bridge. 

"During the Revolution window glass was very scarce." 
An establishment for its manufacture was started just over 
the town line in Temple, but it was financed and directed by 
New Ipswich men. At the close of the war glass was im- 
ported at very low prices and the enterprise was financially 
a failure, but its promoters have the glory of manufacturing 
the first glass in America. There are many specimens of the 
work to be found among the ancient treasures in our homes. 

"A tanyard was very early established on the west side 
of the Jo Kidder brook, and the north side of the road, where 
the blacksmith's shop now stands. By whom the business 
was carried on, I do not recollect. The building was after- 
ward turned into a pottery establishment, and brown earthen- 
ware was made and burned in a kiln there near the close of 
the last century, after the suppression of the tannery." (T. F., 


For many years the making of cigars was a prominent in- 
dustry carried on by Stephen Thayer and Moses Brickett, who 
each employed forty or fifty people, also there were several 
smaller establishments. 

Tinware was made by Sanders Bros., Albert Thayer, 
Charles R. Fletcher, and others. 







Tradition tells us that at the "Forge" there were made 
nails and stove-castings, and it is said that the iron fence 
before the Barrett mansion was made there. 

Bakehouse Village was so named because in 1785 Samuel 
Batcheller had a bakery there. This business was carried on 
there and in the Center Village by various parties until the 
later years of the last century. 

Among other manufactures in the past we may note : 
broadcloths, satinet, velvets, ticking, Avagons, windows, doors, 
chairs, carriages, blinds, coffins, printing-sticks, barrels, 
matches, trunks, saddles, harness, shoes, hats, guns, earthen- 
ware (1792), ink, essences, ashes (pot, 1795, and pearl), soap 
(hard and soft). 


In 1793 a town library was established by subscriptions 
and held in shares. This library of three or four hundred 
volumes was burned in 1812. 

In 1866 the women of New Ipswich, under the leadership 
of Miss Caroline F. Barr, took measures to raise funds for a 
public library. Former residents and all interested in the 
town were asked to help us, and we used all means in our 
power to raise money. At first we were given a room in the 
Bank building, but when those quarters became too crowded 
measures were taken to provide suitable accommodations 
elsewhere, and the beautiful building which was first occu- 
pied in 1895 is not only a delight to the eye but helpful to 
the village as a rallying center for much that is both pleasura- 
ble and uplifting. 

We have a carefully selected and well-balanced library of 
more than 6000 volumes ; a reading-room with best periodi- 
cals ; a fine reference library; a department for the children 
with table and chairs of suitable size, games and periodicals 
to attract them ; an Arts and Crafts department of more than 
140 volumes; a Farmer's shelf; nature books in wide variety; 
a well-chosen Biblical library; and the object of our greatest 
pride, a case devoted to books written by natives or residents 
of New Ipswich and containing more than 80 volumes. We 
have complete files of the Farmers' Almanac for the last cen- 
tury and catalogues of our Academy. The rooms are open 
Wednesday and Saturday in the afternoon and evening. 
Books can be taken out by anyone resident or visiting in the 


History of New Ipswich 

town, and there is no fee. The shelves are accessible to all, 
a privilege highly prized by those who are accustomed to 
select from a catalogue only. 

In 1902 Mrs. Sarah (Fletcher) Hubbard left a bequest of 
$4,000, $1,000 of which was to be spent at once for books; 
her will named the committee who were to select them, and 
the books purchased with this bequest were to be called "The 
Helen Fletcher Collection" in memory of her sister. The 
building was not large enough to accommodate this addition 
ahd an annex was built and paid for by Prof. James Barr 
Ames, who then paid the salary of the librarian. 

William Boynton, a trustee, left $5,000 to the library, the 
income to be used for books and periodicals. Samuel H. 
Wentworth, a former student of the Academy, left $1,000 in 
memory of his sister, Mrs. Lydia C. Wentworth Lee. Henry 
Ames Blood, a former resident, left $10,000 in trust to his 
widow for the use of the library. The recent deaths of mem- 
bers of his household make this available for use so soon as 
the estate is settled. 

"An ideal village library in appearance, management, and 
influence." The good done here cannot be overestimated and 
it will go on. 

Country Club 

Our fathers, unwittingly it may be, chose a beautiful situ- 
ation for the town of their care and hope. Standing nearly 
at the base of the foothills, it combines the power and majesty 
of the hills with the charm and beauty of the river and the 
plain. When during the latter part of the last century dwell- 
ers in city homes learned the value of country life in the sum- 
mer, New Ipswich thus received her full share of guests. It 
is said that one year there were six hundred summer so- 
journers in town. Families who came here repeatedly became 
so attached to the region that they purchased houses or farms 
to be occupied in summer as homes. Thus a new element 
came into our social life, and the young people must be 
amused. A croquet ground was laid out in the Barrett mea- 
dow, of such excellence that it received complimentary notice 
in the New York Independent ; tennis courts were laid out 
in the same field ; bath-houses built at the river. 

Most important of all was the organization of the Souhegan 
Country Club. In 1899 eight men bought the Jonas Woolson 



farm on "Sol Davis Hill," and they now lease it to the club. 
The house, built in 1743, retains the vast fireplaces, the huge 
chimney, and the steep and narrow stairs ; otherwise it has 
been modernized most tastefully. The men's room is fitted 
up in the fashion of an English grill-room. The view from 
the lookout is one of the finest in this town of glorious views. 
There are golf links and a tennis court. The clubhouse is 
open for the entertainment of members and their friends every 
Saturday during the summer, and daily through the month 
of August, and is a delightful social center. There are more 
than one hundred members, including people of neighboring 
towns, and others who are interested in the life of New 
Ipswich. The owners are Edward O. Marshall, Ralph E. 
Parker, Frank W. Preston, and John Preston, of New Ipswich; 
Frederic W. Ely and Herbert J. Taft of Greenville ; Simpson 
C. Heald of Wilton ; and John W. Bemis of Temple. 

The Children's Fair 

Among all the reasons for our pride in our beloved town, 
not the least is the fact that the Children's Fair was invented 

Rev. Calvin Cutler and Prof. E. T. Quimby of the Acad- 
emy, while considering ways in which the children of the 
Congregational church might be interested in the various 
charities of the church, evolved the plan which later took 
form as the Children's Fair. Each child was encouraged to 
earn money during the summer. A boy had a space given 
him for a garden where he raised vegetables or what he chose. 
Girls had other ways of earning money, and later there was a 
fancy table devoted to their contributions. 

Wednesday in early October the large room under the 
auditorium of the old church was open early in the morning. 
The posters had said "Donors admitted free," and every child 
had the proud consciousness of being a "Donor," spelling it 
with a capital D. Each gift was labeled with a number, the 
name of the giver, and the object to which the proceeds of 
its sale were to be given. The vegetables and fruits were 
placed on a broad table which extended nearly the length of 
the room, to be seen and admired by all. Tables were laid 
for a dinner, and at noon every seat was taken. The baked 
beans, brown bread, cold meats, doughnuts, pumpkin pies, 


History of New Ipswich 

were all of the best quality and very tempting to the appetite 
of those who had come perhaps from a neighboring town. At 
another table sandwiches and food that could be taken in the 
hand were provided for a nominal price for those who did 
not go to the dinner table. 

After dinner the children recited their "pieces," perhaps 
written for the occasion, and dialogues and singing filled an 
hour. Then came the event of the day — the Auction. Each 
donation was held up on high by the auctioneer, bids were 
called for and came thick and fast with good-natured rivalry 
and fun. The day was given up to the children and they en- 
joyed it to the full. On the Common the boys played base- 
ball or kindred games, watched by many who were not in- 
terested in the auction. 

In more recent years similar fairs have been held in other 
towns as they have seen the success of this original institution. 

The first fair was held in 1862, and without a break they 
have continued for more than fifty years. The amount of 
money raised during that time for various benevolent objects 
is $4,265, and it is distributed between twenty-eight different 
charities, mostly out of town. These are the gifts. The good 
gained by the givers cannot be reckoned here or in the present 

The Revere Bell 

In 1815 a few individuals by private subscription raised 
the sum of $593 for the purchase of a bell, which we have 
recently learned was from the foundry of Paul Revere. The 
following correspondence is of interest. 

55 Mt. Vernon Street, Boston. 
To the Town Clerk, New Ipswich, N. H. 

Dear Sir: I am trying to trace the bells cast by Paul Revere, a 
complete list of which has recently been found, contained in his old 

In the year 1815 a bell weighing 1116 pounds was sold to the town 
of New Ipswich, presumably hung in the parish church. 

I shall be greatly obliged if you can ascertain for me whether this 
bell is still in use, or if otherwise, when it was destroyed. Thanking 
you in advance for this favor, I am 

Yours very truly, 
March 8, 1910. Arthut H. Nichols. 

An answer to this letter was sent at once, saying that the 
bell was destroyed when the church was burned. Dr. Nichols 
answered as follows: ^^q 


„ ,, T3 March 14, 1910. 

Dear Mr. Phelps : ' 

I am very grateful to you for your courteous reply to my inquiry 
about the old Revere bell of New Ipswich. The very full and accurate 
history given will be very helpful to me. 

The bell was sold by Paul Revere May 2, 1815. its weight was 
1089 pounds, that of its tongue 27 pounds. 

You say that it was sweet-toned. I do not doubt that it was of 
superior quality, for about that period Revere was casting his best bells, 
and the weight of your bell was above the average. It is a pity to have 
lost such a historic object. I shall take pleasure in mailing to you a 
copy of my paper when published. 

Yours very truly, 
March 8, 1910. Arthur H. Nichols. 


The earliest cemetery was on the Farrar Hill opposite 
the first meeting-house. In 1752 the Hill burying-ground 
was laid out. In 1778 the South cemetery near Smithville 
was devoted to the burial of the dead, and John Breed was 
probably the first person buried there. The land for the Main 
cemetery was bought in 1809 and Mrs. Elizabeth Appleton 
was buried there in October of that year. Twice since then 
needed additions have been made by the purchase of land in 
the rear of the cemetery until now it comprises a territory of 
about ten acres. 

In 1849 public-spirited citizens, prominent among whom 
were Mrs. Henry Isaacs and Dr. T. H. Cochrane, greatly im- 
proved the appearance of the Main cemetery and for many 
years it was attractive; but lacking the care that is needed 
by all public domains, it grew to look neglected and unsightly. 
In 1889 Capt. G. H. Hubbard had taken a lot for himself and 
family, and he said 'T would give $300 toward improving that 
place if anyone else would help." Finding that he meant 
all that he said two women, Mrs. S. T. Ames and Miss Sarah 
F. Lee, aided on some points by the wise advice of Mr. George 
R. Barrett, took the matter in charge and within six months 
the whole appearance of the cemetery was changed. A high 
and long bank which had been deeply washed by rain was 
turfed and made most beautiful. Trees were trimmed, shrubs 
were cut down, thus revealing monuments which had been 
concealed for years, tombs the walls of which were broken 
were closed and made sanitary, headstones were cleaned and 


History of New Ipswich 

set in straight lines, and a quagmire was cleared and became 
a beautiful pond. Funds for this work were contributed by 
persons out of town whose relations are buried here. The 
amount expended was more than $900, besides the first gift 
of $300 and $200 given by the town. 

Several citizens have left liberal amounts of money for 
perpetual care of their lots. 

It is hoped that the town will appoint a cemetery com- 
mission as has been done in many places. In that case many 
other lots would be left in care of the town. 

In 1906-07 Prof. C. H. Chandler copied all the inscriptions 
on the gravestones in the three cemeteries in the town. They 
are arranged, indexed, and will eventually be given to the 
town by his children. At that date there had been 1673 burials, 
besides many that are not marked in any way. 

Stearns Lecture Fund 

In 1899 Capt. Albert Stearns of Syracuse, New York, 
whose boyhood was passed here, gave the town $3,000 as a 
fund, the income of which should be devoted to lectures and 
entertainments, musical or otherwise. In 1907 Capt. Stearns 
added $2,000 to the fund and again in 1912 another gift of 
$2,000 was added to the endowment, making $7,000 in all. 
These entertainments have been both instructive and amusing 
and have given pleasure to large audiences. 

Homestead Inn 

Among the many charities of the present time there is no 
one more beautiful than the sharing by fortunate ones of the 
fresh air and sunlight of the country with those to whom it 
is denied in the crowded city. 

Some twenty years ago Rev. George J. Prescott, rector of 
the Church of the Good Shepherd in Boston, purchased the 
house formerly occupied by Rev. Richard Hall and later by 
Mrs. Clary; members of his parish and others supplied money 
for the needed changes and furnishings, and it became a house 
of refuge for weary shopgirls and self-supporting women who 
need the rest and tonic of quiet, fresh air, abundant food, and 
social cheer. All this is given them for a nominal sum that 
their self-respect may not be troubled. This summer vacation 



house receives thirty guests and sometimes a larger number. 
Every Sunday morning there is an Episcopal service in the 
little chapel, which is open to the people of the village who 
wish to attend. Many a weary woman after spending a few 
weeks here goes home cheered and refreshed and ready to 
meet the work another year. 

The New Ipstvich Colony in Iowa 

In 1836 four families emigrated from this town and church 
to Denmark in what was then Wisconsin Territory, now in 
Iowa. Within a short time they were followed by eight other 
families. They all carried with them the same standard of right 
living and wise planning for the best interest of those who 
should come after them that they had known here. Those 
who "laid out the town of Denmark, which is three-fourths 
of a mile square, into town lots for building, donated one-half 
of those lots to the purpose of Education." In the building of 
a church and of an academy they followed as closely as possi- 
ble the example set by the founders of New Ipswich. This is 
the oldest Congregational church in Iowa. They were early 
known as champions of freedom. "Under the leadership of 
their pastor, Rev. Asa Turner, they joined with others in the 
election of Governor Grimes in 1854, which changed the politi- 
cal history of Iowa and gave birth to the Republican party in 
the nation." 

Dr. Turner and Rev. Mr. Lee were classmates at Yale 
College and lifelong friends. His pastorate continued for 
thirty years ; and his influence led to Iowa the eleven young 
men from Andover Seminary who formed the "Iowa Band," 
one of whom, their historian, was Rev. Ephraim Adams, a 
son of New Ipswich. 

Drinking Fountain 

At the foot of turnpike hill, going west from the village, 
is a drinking fountain for the use of horses and also of human 
beings, with this inscription: "Presented to the town of 
New Ipswich by Capt. John S. Hubbard of Concord, N. H., 
Sept. 12, 1893." 

This generous "cup of cold water" is a blessing to those 
who pass by and 

"its draught 
Of cool refreshment drained by fevered lips," 


History of New Ipswich 

shall for many years invoke blessings on the head of the 

Telegraph and Telephone 

A telegraph line was established here in 1877. 

A telephone line was built from Greenville to the Center 
Village in 1901, by F. W. Preston, John Preston, Wilbur L. 
Phelps, and Eugene B. Beard. They owned it for five years 
and then sold the line to the New England Telegraph and 
Telephone Co. It has been extended during the past few 
years, having more than sixty subscribers here, so that it now 
practically covers the town. {A. L. P.) 

Sidewalks and Street Lights 

Many years ago (1872) the wife of a minister who had just 
come to the Congregational parsonage deplored, with abun- 
dant reason, the absence of sidewalks in our village. Under 
her active leadership in many and various ways money was 
raised to make good sidewalks, to set out shade trees, and to 
provide street lamps. Within a few years an association has 
been organized to carry on this work still farther and several 
dilapidated buildings have been purchased and taken down. 
This Village Improvement Society has lately become an in- 
corporated body capable of holding real estate, and as such 
it has received the gift of Union Hall. It is hoped that the 
rent of this hall will add materially to the income for various 

The town now has charge of lighting the lamps. 


A postofifice was established in New Ipswich in the autumn 
of 1800. The following is the list of postmasters and the date 
of appointment given by the Postofitice Department in Wash- 

Samuel Batchelder Jan. 1, 1801. 

Benjamin Champney Feb. 2, 1802. 

Sampson Fletcher July 8, 1822. 

Josiah W. Spaulding March 23, 1839. 

Charles Hastings, Jr March 10, 1843. 

Charles Chickening July 31, 1845. 

Edward M. Isaacs April 23, 1849. 

John Peabody Feb. 3, 1855. 

John U. Davis July 23, 1855. 



John G. Leonard Oct. 24, 1857. 

Charles A. Whitney May 31, 1861. 

Henry O. Preston June 13, 1878. 

Charles S. Brown Aug. 24, 1885. 

Joseph E. F. Marsh, Jr Feb. 10, 1890. 

Bessie M. Tarbell July 22, 1893. 

Bessie M. T. Thompson .... June 29, 1896. 

Bessie M. Gushing Sept. 27, 1909. 

Samuel Batchelder had the office at his store in Bakehouse 
(now Davis) Village. Benjamin Champney at first had the 
office in his law office, a small building "situated under the 
shade of a large willow tree on the north side of the road 
just across the brook, near the late Dr. Barr's residence." 
Later it was at the old corner store, and in 1822 was removed 
to the house of Mr. Fletcher across the street. 

Tradition tells us that Mr. Hastings had the office in the 
building east of the Appleton Inn, formerly the apothecary's 
shop of Dr. Preston. Mr. Chickering occupied a room in the 
old hotel. Mr. Leonard had the office at the Nichols house 
east of the old hotel ; Mr. Isaacs, at the old corner store, where 
has been its abiding-place since 1861, so long that the stone 
doorsteps have been hollowed by the tread of many feet. For 
many years we have for such a small town been exceptionally 
fortunate in our postal facilities, three mails each day to Bos- 
ton and as many in return. A postal car on our branch rail- 
road makes it possible for a letter to go from New Ipswich 
to Chicago as quickly as would an individual. 

In 1801 one letter was received. Who was the recipient 
of this historic document? In 1913 the number of letters sent 
away was approximately 30,000 and a much larger number 
was received. 

In 1884 a postoffice was established at Bank Village; 
postmasters, Charles L. Tarbell, 1884-1895, Ida M. Frye, 
1895-. In 1892 a postoffice was established at Smithville 
(formerly Smith or Mill Village) ; postmasters, Lyman M. 
Chandler, 1892-95, Carrie B. Chandler, May, 1895, Herbert W. 
Chandler, December, 1895-. 

Free Masons 

Bethel Lodge, No. 24, A. F. & A. M., was in.stituted 
in 1815, the members constituting it having been dismissed 
from a lodge in Ashby. John Everett was the first master, 


History of New Ipswich 

and N. D. Gould was his successor. For many years their 
meetings were held in what was long known as "Silver's 
store." In 1903, through the untiring efforts of the late Frank 
W. Preston, assisted by the generosity of Mrs. George R. 
Barrett and others, the entire building was purchased and 
fitted up in a way suitable for their needs and convenience. 
Its members are few and widely scattered, and the scythe of 
time has made sad inroads in the lodge during the past few 
years. (A. L. P.) 

Fire Department 

Arthur E. Chase, chief of the fire department, states that 
"the firemen number four engineers and seventy-eight men, 
with three hand fire engines," and also that "the town com- 
pared to its population is one of the best-equipped towns in 
the state." 

The Children's Oak 

Nearly fifty years ago the building originally erected for 
the use of the Methodist church and later occupied by the 
Second Congregational church was purchased by the trustees 
of the Academy and moved to the corner east of the girls' 
dormitory to be used as a gymnasium. In the journey the old 
oak tree beside the road was in the way and plans were made 
to cut it down. 

Mr. William Preston, with his reverence for the old land- 
mark, felt that such a sacrilege should not be allowed, and he 
at once purchased the tree of its owner, and added a touch 
of sentiment by giving it to the children of the district school 
nearby, thus ensuring its perpetual ownership and care. 
Others older than the children are Mr. Preston's debtors for 
this graceful conservation of an important unit in our forests. 
Some years ago an expert estimated the age of the tree to 
be more than 250 years, thus making it our oldest inhabitant. 

The Children's Oak! may its beauty continue for other 

Portraits in the Tozvn Hail 

A fine portrait of Judge Timothy Farrar was given the 
town in 1870 by the widow of Hon. Charles G. Atherton and 
it was hung in the town hall directly behind the speaker's 



desk. In 1895 Mr. Frank W. Preston and family gave several 
other portraits of deceased citizens of the town. Others have 
been added, until now the walls are well filled with pleasant 
reminders of those who formerly were prominent in town 

A list of them is given in the order in which they are 

Hon. Timothy Farrar Stephen Thayer 

Rev. Samuel Lee Benjamin Champney 

George Barrett John Preston 

Henry O. Preston William A. Preston 

George W. Wheeler, 2d. Frank W. Preston 

Stephen Wheeler Charles R. Fletcher 

Rodney Wallace Charles A. Whitney 

Francis Prichard Nathan Sanders 

William W. Johnson George Sanders 

Peter H. Clark Albert Stearns 

James Clark Isaac C. Stearns 

John C. Hildreth George H. Hubbard 

James Chandler Elihu T. Quimby 

George C. Gibson Silas Bullard 

Stillman Gibson Eli Foster 

Samuel Gibson George C. Campbell 

Census Returns 

The Department of Commerce and Labor gives the census 
returns oi population for the town as follows : 

1790 1,241 1860 1,701 

1800 1,266 1870 1,380 

1810 1,395 1880 1,222 

1820 1,278 1890 969 

1830 1,673 1900 911 

1840 1,578 1910 927 

1850 1,877 

Valuation of Nezv Ipswich, 1914. 

Number of polls, 222, value $22,200.00; improved and unimproved 
land and buildings, value $576,460.00; number of horses, 184, value 
$23,402.00; mules, 4, value $680.00; oxen, 6, value $660.00; cows, 294, 
value $13,196.00; neat stock, 25, value $873.00; sheep, 4, value $24.00; 
hogs, 11, value $144.00; fowls, 1156, value $891.00; vehicles and auto- 
mobiles, value $7,529.00; stock in trade, value $29,802.00; money on hand, 
at interest, or on deposit, $14,145.00; mills and machinery, value 
$138,842.00; undesignated buildings, value $12,400.00. Total valuation, 
$841,248.00. Soldiers' exemption, $4,250.00. Rate percent on $1000, $12.30. 


Maps of New Ipswich 

Map of New Ipswich 



School-house No. 9. 


Ramsdell, Willis 






Brooks, Walton 






Nelson, C. 


Brooks, A. N. 


Davis Bros. 




Davis, Gardner 




Whitney, W. D. 




French, Orren 


Taylor, Jona. 


Russell, C. L. 




Davis, Edward H. 








Hodgman, Lewis 


Hill, A. A. 




School-house No. 6. 


School-house No. 3. 




"Wheeler Tavern" 




Winship and Hodgman 


Chandler, J. L. 


Barrett, Charles 




Wheeler, Seth 




Davis, Solomon 




Woolson. (Country Club) 




Preston, W. E. 


Chandler, Roger 


Preston, John 




First Church 


Herskanen, John 


First Burial Ground 




Wolcott, J. 


Wheeler, John 


Sargent, G. W. 


Blanchard, William 


Bucknam, W. T. 


Collins, J. 


Thayer, W. S. 


Parmenter, 0. 


Jones, F. W. 




Adams, Zachariah 




Hildreth, J. B. 


Collins, J. 


South Burial Ground 


Mansfield Bros. 


Erickson, H. 






Jaquith, G. R. 


Wheeler, R. 


Wilkerson, C. 






Aho, John 


Jaquith. G. R. 


Finnish Hall 


Siren, J. 


Lampi, M. 


Whitney, Newton 




Johnson, Nile 


Jalkanen, Aron 


Mansfield, A. F. 


Walker, S. B. 


Perry, C. R. 


Nelson, C. 


Willard, Leon 


Parmenter, J. 


School-house No. 4. 


Farwell, D. 


Linna, Matti 


Farwell, D. 


Matson, Matti 


Antilla, A. 


Ramsdell, Daniel 


Kaiku, K. 




Finnish Church 





Map of New Ipswich 


99 Somero, L. 

100 Somero, L. 

101 Locke 

102 Gedenberg, M. 

103 School-house No. 7. 

104 Wheeler, G. S. 

105 Wheeler, G. W. 

106 School-house 

107 Burrows 

108 Kasti, Peter 

109 Lougee 

110 Lougee 

112 Lougee 

113 Coleman 

114 Davis, W. E. 

115 Aho, Emanuel 

116 Aho, Isaac 

117 Cutter 

118 Cutter 

119 Drywood 

120 Mastin 

121 Tenney, Alfred 

122 Tenney, Barnard 

123 Jowders, Fred 

124 Chickering 

125 Tenney, O. 

126 Sawyer, C E. 

127 Flagg 

128 Bourgault 

129 Bourgault 

130 Phillipi, John 

131 Tenney, A. R. 

132 Knowlton, J. C. 

133 School-house No. 2. 

134 Somero, J. 

135 Abbott, Reuben 

136 Parker, Ralph E. 

137 Wilson 

138 Wilson, Isaac 

139 Tenney, O. 

140 Wilson 

141 Stowell, H. B. 

142 Stowell, H. B. 

143 Stowell, H. B. 

144 Matilla 

145 Prindle 

146 Rafuse, H. C. 

147 Ashley, W. D. 

148 Withington, H. 

149 Appleton, Isaac (1756) 

150 Molloy 

151 Chandler, G. W. 

152 Kidder, Reuben 

153 Boynton, Earl 

154 Peavey 

155 Boynton, Earl 

156 Gould, John 

157 Gordon, Robert 

158 "Peppermint Tavern" 

159 Leel, David 

160 Brown 

161 Walton 

162 Brown, H. 

163 Kaskine, E. 

164 School-house No. 8. 

165 Proctor's Mills 

166 Proctor, A. J. 

167 Blakey 

168 Hanson, E. 

169 Frederick, E. 

170 Hood, Helen 

171 Wilder Chair Shop 

172 Wallace, G. R. 

173 Nichols, W. K. 

174 Carr, Ezra 

175 Miller 

176 School-house No. 10 

177 Spaulding 

178 Wright 

179 Carr, Emory 

180 Carr, James 

181 Thayer, W. S. 

182 Salo, Peter 

183 Aldrich, I. E. 

184 Taft, H. J. 

185 Jones, F. 

186 Gibson, F. 

187 Putnam, R. 

188 Balch's Mills 

189 Walker, A. L. 

190 Corbett 

191 Walker's Mills 

192 Antilla 

193 Sawmill 






Engine House 

Old Burial Ground 


Old Meiting House 


School House 


BritK School House 


Union Hall 






Old Corner Store 


Clarks Hotel 


^ppteton In/1 


Masonit Hall 


BlacksmiTh Shop 

Index to Map 





Barr, C. F. 




Champney, E. & B. (office) 




Homestead Inn 


Gordon, P. F. 


Fox, E. M. 


Cummings, J. W. 


Barr, C. F. 


Ames, R. 


Brooks, H. M. 


Spofford, H. 


Farwell, H. E. 




Chandler, J. C. 


Gushing, F. A. 


Pratt, C. H. 


Roger, J. 


Hudson, D. 


Preston, J. 


Prescott, G. J. 


Davis, J. 


Champney, H. T. 


Taylor, M. 


Phillips, J. W. 


Congregational Parsonage 


Wilson, W. H. 


Lowe, G. N. 


Pratt, W. H. 


Hardy, G. H. 


Hardy, F. E. 


Obear, C. H. 


Phelps, W. L. 


Taylor, E. M. 


Russell, M. A. 


Gould, E. L. 


Travis, A. L. 


Knowlton, C. L. 


Robinson, E. M. 


Barrett, G. R. 


Hudson, E. M. 


Barr, L. M. 


Thompson, W. R. 


Tucker, E. L. 


Barnett, J. 


Parker, E. M. 




Batcheller, H. 


Royce, H. S. 


Farwell, E. H. 


Wheeler, J. A. 




Balch, M. M. 




Wright, A. F. 


Preston, F. W. 


Hastings, G. W. 


Brown, C. S. 


Lawrence, E. A. 


Hardy, L. M. P. 


Beard, E. B. 






Lee, S. F. 










History of New Ipswich 




<Scal« inf««t 

School House No 
Whe«ler4 Mill 
6lacksmith Shop 
Engine House 
Storo and Post Off 
Blonchards Mil 
Hughes Mill 



•va 5a.. 


Indexes to Maps 



Heywood, S. M. 


Marshall, E. 0. 




Knight, D. 


Johnson's Store 


Tarbell, M. H. 


Goldsmith, A. A, 


Muzzey, E. 


Vincent, P. 




Belanger, A. 


Taylor, B. G. 


Vincent, J. 


Fortin, Louis 


Rochon, A. 


Chouinard, L. 


Fontaine, J. 


Duval, D. 




Ferrin, A. 


Chandler, A. E. 


Davis, R. H. 


Gushing, G. 


Blanchard, E. F. 


Wheeler, C. 


Brunault, F. 


Fournier, E. 


Barrett, J. 












Corporation boarding house 





















Wheeler, E. R. 




Hughes, C. 


Blanchard, G. 


Hildreth, J. L. 


Howe, G. 






After my father's death, when the question of the com- 
pletion of the History of New Ipswich came up, it was under- 
stood that he had said that is was "nearly done." It was, so 
far as the gathering of available data was concerned, but it 
was Hke the gathering of threads which were dropped before 
the knot was tied. 

My father had often mentioned the invaluable aid given 
him in this work by Miss Lee, and accordingly she was asked 
if she would undertake the completion of the historical part, 
to which she consented. It seemed best that I should take up 
the genealogical part, and I did so. I found that many 
families had been written up in great detail, (full data having 
been received,) with the probable intention of future conden- 
sation to proportions suitable for this book. Other families 
had been partially written up awaiting further data, while a 
large number of families had not yet been written up at all 
because of a lack of authentic data. As a result, some of the 
families have not received here the attention justly due their 
importance in the town. 

Even the completed work was found to need careful re- 
vision, for old age leaves its marks on the works of one's 
hands and brain, such as the exchange of figures in copying 
dates, but these and other mistakes we have endeavored to 
discover and remove. The task of a genealogist is not an 
easy one ; in many cases people to whom letters requesting 
information about their families are sent reply six months or 
a year later saying that they know nothing of the family, but 
that perhaps a certain cousin can give the information, and 
then another six months may bring a similar answer from the 
cousin ; in other cases someone apparently very much inter- 
ested in the genealogy may give data showing that his aunt 
was married at the age of two years, died twenty years before 
she was born, or some other equally impossible combination 
of dates; less absurd errors will often pass undetected. It 
has not been possible to avoid all mistakes in such a work 
as this, but lenience is besought in the criticism of what may 
be found amiss. 


History of New Ipswich 

In writing a town genealogy there are manifold questions 
as to how much should be included. It was decided to insert 
no family unless two generations of voters bearing that name 
had resided here. This rule eliminated several who, though 
living here but a few years, were marked factors in the town's 
history, but some line had to be drawn. To many readers 
the ancestry of residents of the town has very little interest, 
but to the historian and genealogist it is of great value ; so 
the ancestors of each family name have been inserted as far 
as they could be discovered. 

I wish to thank Miss Sarah Fiske Lee for her aid, without 
which this work would have been impossible. Miss Caroline 
F. Barr for her generous support of the work, the other mem- 
bers of the Town Historical Committee, and many others who 
have given aid in gathering the material for this book. 

Edith B. Chandler. 
Springfield, Missouri, 
September 20, 1913. 



ADAMS (Henry). 

Adams was a common name among the early colonists in New Eng- 
land, and descendants of three seventeenth-century immigrants bearing 
that name are found in New Ipswich. 

Henry^ Adams is believed to have come to Boston with his wife, 
eight sons, and a daughter in 1632 or 1633, and to have settled at "Mount 
Wollaston" in what was afterward the town of Braintree, where he died 
Oct. 6, 1646. His wife's name is not known. 

Thomas' (Henry'), b. England, 1612; d. Chelmsford, July 20, 1688; 
m. Braintree, 1642, Mary Blackmore (?). He removed to Concord in 
1646, and settled in what is now the west part of Chelmsford in 1650 
or a little later. He held nearly all the important town offices and rep- 
resented the town in the General Court. 

Samuel" (Henry'), b. England, 1617; d. Chelmsford, Jan. 24, 1688/9; 
m. (1) Rebecca, dau. of Thomas Graves [d. Oct. 8, 1662 or 1664]; 
(2) May 7, 1668, Esther, dau. of Nathaniel Sparhawk of Cambridge 
[d. Nov. 4, 1745]. Resided in Charlestown, later removed to Concord, 
thence to Cambridge. 

Timothy* (Thomas^ Henry*), b. Concord, Feb. 15, (or Apr. 2,) 
1648; d. Chelmsford, July 1, 1708; m. Mary . 

Joseph' (Samuel^ Henry'), b. Nov. 27, 1672; d. Jan. 22, 1717; m. 
Mary . Resided at Chelmsford. 

Thomas* (Timothy', Thomas*, Henr/), b. Chelmsford, 1675; d. 

Dunstable, Feb. 18, 1746; m. Judith [b. 1680; d. Apr. 15, 1754]. He 

was a carpenter and passed most of his life in Dunstable. Three of his 
sons came to New Ipswich. 

Benjamin* (Joseph*, Samuel', Henry'), b. Dec, 1701; d. Oct. 30, 
1738 or 1739; m. Olive . Resided in Chelmsford. 

1. Stephen^ (Thomas*, Timothy^, Thomas^, Henry^), b. 
Chelmsford, Feb. 5, 1715 ; d. Andover, Vt., Aug. 3, 1801 ; m. 

Rebecca [b. 1715; d. Andover, Vt., Sept. 29, 1813]. He 

is said to have come to New Ipswich about 1750, but the 
reputed places of birth of his children would indicate that 
he was not a permanent resident until some years later. He 
is believed to have lived for a time a little north of the 
present site of the Congregational church near the place long 
occupied by Stedman Houghton, and also for a time near 
the south line of the town on the place long known as the 
Blanchard farm, (84, A. D.) In 1771 he bought land in Hollis 


History of New Ipswich 

and perhaps lived there for a time before his final removal 
to Andover, Vt, Children — the first nine born at Dunstable, 
the last three at New Ipswich : 

4. i. Stephen, b. Dec. 29, 1738. He was of New Ipswich in 1769, 

when he sold land to Oliver Wright ; he was in Capt. 
Ezra Towne's company at Bunker Hill and served later 
in the Revolutionary struggle, becoming lieutenant, but the 
number of soldiers bearing the same name makes his 
record somewhat indefinite. 

5. ii. Civil, b. Nov. 23, 1740. 

6. iii. Olive, b. Jan. 25, 1742/3. 

7. iv. Silas, b. June 8, 1745. + 

8. V. Levi, b. Apr. 2, 1747.+ 

9. vi. Phinehas, b. Oct. 15, 1749. He was a member of Capt. 

Towne's company, also it has been said that he was killed 
at Bunker Hill ; but as his name is found upon a receipt 
signed by the members of that company in the following 
October, it would seem that he survived that battle and 
served later in the war, as given on the rolls of Capts. 
Briant and Brown. 

10. vii. Rebecca, b. Jan. 2, 1752. 

11. viii. Hannah, b. Nov. 8, 1754. 

12. ix. Jane, b. Nov. 28, 1756. 

13. X. Jonas, b. Aug. 18, 1758.+ 

14. xi. Luther, b. about 1760. 

15. xii. A son, name not given. 

2. Zachariah^ (Thomas*, Timothy^, Thomas^, Henry^), b. 
Chelmsford, Nov. 5, 1718; m. Anna . He lived in Dunsta- 
ble in 1744, but was in New Ipswich before 1754 and built a 
sawmill, probably at Smithville. He lived near Hodgkins 
corner, his house being at the north end of lot X : 3, S. R., 
a few rods west of the brook and perhaps twenty rods west 
of the present road to Smith Village, but upon an old road 
running in nearly a westerly direction which has long ago 
disappeared. He sold sixty acres to Eleazer Cummings in 
1773 and his name disappears about that time. 

3. Thomas^ (Thomas*, Timothy^, Thomas^ Henry^), b. 
Dunstable, 1727; d. West Windsor, Vt., June 9, 1800; m. Ruth 
Eliot [b. 1730; d. West Windsor, Vt, Feb. 4, 1806]. He was 
at New Ipswich as early as 1754, but left little to tell his 
history. He removed to Andover, Vt., and thence to West 
Windsor, Vt, where he seems to have been more in evidence, 
as he was listed higher than any of his fellow-townsmen in 
1782, Children — the first three born at Dunstable, and the 
later two at New Ipswich: 


Adams (Henry) 

16. i. Ruth, b. Dec. 19, 1749; d. Jan. 21, 1826; m. about 1771, 

Simeon Bullard (G. 3). 

17. ii. Phebe, b. Dec. 31, 1752. 

18. iii. Abel, b. Feb. 25, 1755.+ 

19. iv. Isaac, b. May 9, 1761.-f- 

20. V. JuDAH, b. Mar. 12, 1764. 

7. SiLAS^ (Stephen^ Thomas*, Timothy^, Thomas^, 

Henry^), b. June 8, 1745 ; m. Susanna . He is said to have 

given Revolutionary service, but his name does not appear 
upon the roll of any New Ipswich company. It appears, 
however, as that of one of the Committee of Safety at Dun- 
stable in 1776-77, and the record of his children's births in 
the town ceases during the time of the war, although one 
birth in 1777 is found in another record. It may be inferred, 
therefore, that he returned to his native town and made that 
his home during those years. In 1786 Silas and Susanna "of 
New Ipswich" sold land to John Pratt, Jr., and his name is 
not found after 1788. Children — born in New Ipswich: 

21. i. Susanna, b. Jan. 30, 1772. 

22. ii. Jane, b. Jan. 27, 1775. 

23. iii. Rebecca, b. Jan. 20, 1777. 

24. iv. Hannah, b. May 29, 1783. 

25. V. Sibil, b. May 19, 1785. 

26. vi. Lydia, b. Jan. 18, 1788. 

8. Levi^ (Stephen^, Thomas*, Timothy^, Thomas^, Henry^), 
b. Apr. 2, 1747; m. (1) Mary Abecca Perry; (2) Lydia Patch. 
He was in Capt. Towne's company, and at different times 
served to the extent of four and one-half years during the 
war. He removed to Rindge, thence to Andover, Vt., and 
Ludlow, Vt. Children — those of the first marriage, seven in 
number, a part born in New Ipswich and a part in Rindge, 
those of the second marriage at Andover, Vt. : 

27. i. Becca, b. Mar. 19, 1772. 

28. ii. Asenath, b. June 13, 1774; d. Milton, Vt., 1860; m. (1) 

Thomas Chandler of Chester, Vt. ; (2) Oct. 29, 1812, Lynde 
Sargent, also of Chester. Three children. 

29. iii. Abigail, b. Apr. 23, 1776. 

30. iv. Rhoda, b. Feb. 18, 1778 (?): d. Proctorsville, Vt, Feb. 5, 

1873; m. Aug. 10, 1796, David Dickinson. Ten children. 

31. V. Phinehas, b. July 24, 1782; d. Moriah, N. Y., Feb. 28, 1838; 

m. Apr. 24, 1809, Hannah Kibling. Seven children. 

32. vi. Ebenezer, d. aged eighteen years. 

33. vii. James, b. Apr. 5, 1789; d. Feb. 22, 1885; m. Apr. 28, 1817, 

Nancy Pingry of Shrewsbury, Vt. 














History of New Ipswich 

Charles, d. unm. 

Mary Abecca, d. unm. 

RoxANNA, b. Oct. 22, 1802; m. Oct., 1824, Reuben Emery of 

Ludlow, Vt. 
Lydia, d. unm. 
Dorcas, m. Otis Archer of Bridgewater, Vt. 

13. JoNAS^ (Stephen^, Thomas*, Timothy^, Thomas^, 
Henryi), b. Aug. 18, 1758; m. Phebe Hoar (9). He also is 
said to have been wounded at Bunker Hill and to have re- 
ceived a pension in his later years ; but as his name does not 
appear upon Capt. Towne's roll, it is probable that the wound 
was received during one of the later terms of service credited 
to him. He removed to Jaffrey in 1784, and later to Andover, 
Vt., where he died. Children : 

40. i. Lucy C, b. New Ipswich, Mar. 22, 1784; d. Westminster, 

Vt., Feb. 4, 1813; m. Dec, 1803, Cyrus Dickinson. Two 

41. ii. Jerry, b. Jaf?rey, Aug. IS, 1785; d. Weston, Vt., Dec. 20, 

1873; m. Feb. 21, 1816, Dorcas Austin. He represented 
Weston in the legislature, and was a captain. Five children. 

42. iii. Jonas, b. Jaffrey, Aug. 25, 1785; d. Sept. 28, 1790. 

43. iv. Phinehas, b. Jaffrey, Oct. 20, 1789; d. Dec. 18, 1845; m. 

Feb. 5, 1813, Rebecca Gibson. He lived in Grafton, Vt., 
and Ludlow, Vt. 

44. V. Molly, b. Jaffrey, Sept. 2, 1791; d. Weston, Vt., Mar. 15, 

1857, unm. 

45. vi. Nancy, b. Jaffrey, Feb. 25, 1794; m. Mar. 9, 1814, James 

Estabrook. Settled in Elizabethtown, N. Y., and removed 
thence to Iowa. Ten children. 

46. vii. AcHSA, b. Andover, Oct. 29, 1799; d. Apr. 8, 1879; m. July 

26, 1818, David Austin. Six children. 
Laura, b. Andover, Apr. 18, 1802; d. June 1, 1879, unm. 
Alvin, b. Andover, June 16, 1804; d. Watertown, Mass., 

Sept. 1, 1877; m. Nov. 10, 1831, Ann Rebecca Bridge of 

Boston. He was founder of the Adams Express Company. 
Stillman, b. Andover, Aug. 26, 1806; d. Apr. 10, 1807. 
Orson, b. Andover, Dec. 13, 1807; d. South Boston, Nov. 7, 

1869; m. July 28, 1834, Cynthia Prescott. He lived in 

South Boston. 

14. Luther*' (Stephen^, Thomas*, Timothy^, Thomas^ 
Henryi), ^ about 1760; d. Jan. 12, 1842; m. Oct. 2, 1792, 
Fanny, dau. of Josiah and Esther Stanford of Dublin. He 
lived in Dublin and removed thence to Weston, Vt., about 
1802. Children — the first four born before the removal : 










Adams (Henry) 

51. i. Polly, b. Jan. 8, 1793; d. Apr. 13, 1877; m. Mar., 1816, 

Robert Nichols. She lived in Concord, Vt., where she died. 

52. ii. James, b. Aug. 2, 1795 ; d. young. 

53. iii. Luther, b. Nov. 6, 1796; d. St. Johnsbury, Vt., Aug. 8, 1878; 

m. Mar. 20, 1822, Ada Brow^n. He settled in Littleton, 
N. H., but later lived at St. Johnsbury. Nine children. 

54. iv. SiRENE, b. Apr. 1, 1801; d. North Littleton, N. H., Apr. 13, 

1841 ; m. Ira Casvv^ell. Five children. 

55. v. Elvira, b. Mar. 30, 1803; d. Fond du Lac, Wis.; m. Mar. 

20, 1828, Daniel Howe. Four children. 

56. vi. Mercy, b. June 3, 1805; d. June 7, 1840; m. Levi Ball of 

Concord, Vt. Removed to Sutton, Vt., in 1839. Four 

18. Abel'' (Thomas^ Thomas*, Timothy^ Thomas-, 
Henryi), b. Feb. 25, 1755; d. July 12, 1821; m. Feb. 2, 1780, 
Hannah Proctor of Dunstable. He lived at West Windsor, 
Vt. Children : 

57. i. Hannah, b. Dec. 20, 1783; d. Feb. 13, 1826; m. Mar. 23, 1802, 

Bezaleel Bridge of Windsor. 

58. ii. John, an adopted son, b. June 4, 1785. 

19. Isaac'' (Thomas^, Thomas*, Timothy^, Thomas'^ 
Henryi), b. May 9, 1761; d. Nov. 12, 1824; m. Nov. 7, 1780, 
Mary Blanchard of Ashby. He served in the Revolution, but 
his record is somewhat difficult to ascertain, as there were 
two soldiers bearing the name. Afterward settled at West 
Windsor, Vt. Children — all born at West Windsor: 

59. i. Isaac, b. May 3, 1784; d. May 23, 1784. 

60. ii. John, b. Aug. 27, 1785 ; d. May 27, 1792. 

61. iii. Isaac, b. Sept. 7, 1787; d. June 19, 1789. 

62. iv. Polly, b. Jan. 13, 1790; d. May 6, 1855; m. Feb. 4, 1808, Daniel 


63. v. Ruth, b. May 3, 1792; d. Nov. 19, 1840, unm. 

64. vi. Phebe, b. May 4, 1794; d. Aug. 8, 1845. 

65. vii. Abel, b. Jan. 17, 1797. 

66. viii. Ira, b. Sept. 6, 1799; m. Mar. 6, 1823, Hannah Robinson. 

67. ix. JuDES, b. Feb. 17, 1802; m. (1) Jan. 7, 1819, Elijah Robinson 

of Windsor, Vt. ; (2) Woodward. 

Oliver* (Benjamin', Joseph^ Samuel', Henry^), b. Oct. 27, 1729; m. 
Dec. 2, 1756, Rachel Proctor of Chelmsford. He lived in Chelmsford 
and was a Revolutionary soldier. 

Oliver" (Oliver^ Benjamin^ Joseph^ Samuel", Henry*), b. Jan. 7, 
1767; d. Rindge, Dec. 28, 1813; m. Betsey Marshall of Chelmsford. Re- 
sided in Chelmsford and in Rindge. 

Marshall' (Oliver*, Oliver^ Benjamin^ Joseph^ SamueP, Henry'), b. 
Rindge, Mar. 14, 1801 ; m. May 9, 1826, Sarah G., dau. of Thaddeus and 


History of New Ipswich 

Dorothy (Coolidge) Richards of Rindge. He was a woolen manufac- 
turer at New Boston and later a farmer ; deacon in the Presbyterian 

68. Joseph G.^ (Marshall^ 01iver^ Oliver^ Benjamin*, 
Joseph^ SamueP, Henry^), b. Dec. 12, 1836; m. May 10, 1858, 
Martha W., dau. of Samuel and Martha (Stone) Perry. He 
was a merchant in Natick, Mass., whence he came to New 
Ipswich in 1878, and conducted the "Corner store" for a few 

69. Eugene Francis^ (Joseph G.^ Marshall^ 01iver^ 
Oliver^ Benjamin^ Joseph^, SamueP, Henry^), b. Natick, 
Mass., Oct. 14, 1859; m. 1892, Annie P., dau. of William P. 
Felch [d. Sept. 9, 1896]. He left New Ipswich in 1883 and 
has since been in the grain business at Manchester except 
during three years passed upon a cattle ranch in Nebraska. 
He was town clerk in 1882. Child : 

70. i. Beulah, b. Mar. 9, 1894. 

It should perhaps be added that this family of patriotic instincts is 
the same as that of those patriots in higher positions, President John 
Adams and his cousin Samuel, the line of descent being as follows: 
Henry,' Joseph', Joseph', John', President John'. 

ADAMS (Robert). 

Robert' Adams, b. 1602; d. probably Oct. 12, 1682; m. (1) Eleanor 
(Wilmot?) [d. June 12, 1677]; (2) Feb. 6, 1678, Sarah (Glover), widow of 
Henry Short [d. Oct. 24, 1697]. In 1635 he with wife and two children 
came to Ipswich, where he was a tailor, but in 1640 he was at Newbury, 
where he obtained a large farm and other property. 

Abraham' (Robert'), b. Salem, 1639; d. Newbury, Aug., 1714; m. 
Nov. 10, 1670, Mary, dau. of Richard and Joanna (Ingersoll) Pettengell 
[b. July 6, 1652; d. Sept., 1705]. 

IsAAc^" (Abraham', Robert'), b. Newbury, Feb. 26, 1678/9; d. 1738/9; 
m. (pub. Feb. 24, 1707) Hannah, dau. of Samuel and Sarah (Burpee) 
Spofford of Rowley [b. Feb. 12, 1684; d, Sept. 3, 1775]. He was a weaver 
and afterward a farmer in Rowley and in Boxford successively. 

Isaac' (Isaac', Abraham', Robert'), b. Rowley, May 25, 1713; d. Mar. 
20, 1797; m. Apr. 1, 1743, Mary (or Mercy), dau. of Dr. David Wood 
[b. 1720; d. 1794]. He settled at Boxford in 1738, where he was select- 
man fourteen years, representative four years, and captain. 

David' (Isaac', Isaac', Abraham', Robert'), b. Boxford, June 20, 
1747; d. Nov. 17, 1831; m. May 5, 1773, Phebe, dau. of Dea. Abner 
and Sarah (Coleman) Spofford of Byfield [b. Jan. 6, 1757; d. Feb. 17, 
1822]. He settled in Rindge at about the time of his marriage. He 
served in the Revolution, and was afterward captain in the militia. 


Adams (Robert) 

1. MooDY« (Dav^d^ Isaac*, Isaac^ Abraham^ Robert^), b. 
Rindge. Mar. 25, 1784; d. Feb., 1868; m. Jan. 18, 1814, Betsey, 
dan. of Samuel and Elizabeth Batchelder (24). His name ap- 
pears upon the New Ipswich records not very long- after he 
reached the age of twenty-one, but he may not have become 
a permanent resident until the time of his marriage. He lived 
in the Center Village the succeeding three years, and then for 
twenty years was proprietor of the "Peppermint Tavern," 
leaving it only when the changed methods of travel had left 
no patronage. During the remainder of his life he lived in 
the Center Village, nearly opposite the Barrett mansion, and 
for a few years was associated in business with Isaac Sander- 
son at the slaughter-house occupied for that purpose for many 
years near the foot of the old Meeting-house Hill. Children : 

2. i. Elizabeth Woodbury, b. Sept. IS, 1815; d. Oct. 29, 1885, unm. 

3. ii. William Moody, b. Feb. 9, 1818; d. Oct. 3, 1826. 

4. iii. Myra Jane, b. Sept. 9, 1823 ; d. Oct. 12, 1826. 

5. iv. Myra Jane, b. Feb. 18, 1828; d. Mar. 30, 1890; m. Jan. 8, 

1852, George Boyden (2). They lived for some years in 
the neighboring house, and then removed to Washington, 
D. C 

6. V. William Moody, b. June 18, 1830; d. Oct. 30, 1830. 

ADAMS (William). 

William^ Adams, b. Shropshire, England, Feb. 3, 1594; d. 1661. He 
came to America in 1628; was at Cambridge in 1635 or earHer; freeman 
in 1639; removed to Ipswich, Mass., before 1642, probably living in the 
part which is now Hamilton. His widow was living in 1681, but her 
name is not known. 

Nathaniel' (William^), b. Ipswich, 1642; d. Apr. 11, 1715; m. June 
30, 1668, Mercy, dau. of Thomas Dickinson of Rowley, Mass. [d. Dec. 12, 
1735]. It is possible that he was the son of William", and grandson of 
William\ and that all the following generation numbers should be one 

Thomas^ (Nathaniel', William'), b. June 14, 1672; d. Oct. 14, 1729; 
m. Bethiah [d. Jan. 12, 1742]. 

Thomas' (Thomas', Nathaniel', William'), b. Aug. 31, 1699; d. 1765; 
m. Apr. 17, 1722, Deborah, dau. of Thomas and Margery (Goodhue) 
Knowlton [b. Dec. 31, 1698; m. (2) Feb. 6, 1770, William Wigglesworth 
of that part of Ipswich which is now Hamilton, in which Thomas Adams 
had also lived]. He was early interested in the settlement of New 
Ipswich, having two eighty-acre lots under the Massachusetts grant, which 
he probably lost, but he held five shares under the Masonian charter, 
giving him a title to more than two square miles of land, upon 240 acres 
of which, at least, his sons were the original settlers. 



History of New Ipswich 

1. Ephraim^ (Thomas^ Thomas^ Nathaniel, William^), 
bapt. Oct. 18, 1724; d. Alar. 26, 1797; m. (1) Apr. 6, 1749, 
Lydia Kinsman [b. about 1728; d. Nov. 5, 1760] ; (2) Nov. 18, 
1761, Rebecca, dau. of James and Elizabeth (Burnap) Locke 
[b. May 13, 1735; d. 1822]. He was a soldier against the 
French about 1746, and after his return from service was 
married and came to New Ipswich, probably at the same time 
as his brother Benjamin, and settled upon N. D.. 21, where 
his house, built at that early period, is still standing, another 
house of more recent construction having been added to it 
at the west side. This house was surrounded by "flankers" 
for protection against the Indians. There is, however, no 
tradition of their having been attacked, and in 1757 the town 
voted not "to repair Mr. Adam's flankers in order for defence." 
He was a leading citizen and had great influence in public 
matters, due not only to his sound sense but also to the clear 
and quaint methods in which his views were presented. He 
was not elected to oflice as frequently as his brother, being a 
selectman for only a single year, but he was relied upon in 
times of special stress. He represented the town in the Pro- 
vincial Congress and for five years in the state legislature, 
was chairman of the Committee of Inspection, Correspondence 
and Safety when it was first chosen, and also at a later time 
when its duties were very arduous and its power was necessa- 
rily almost dictatorial, so that skilful management was almost 
as essential as earnest purpose ; and in general his record bears 
the mark of a conscientious, patriotic, and well-balanced man. 
He also served in the field, but evident carelessness in the com- 
pany rolls makes it impossible to determine with certainty 
between his name and that of his oldest son. There seems 
to be no doubt, however, that he was in Capt. Smith's com- 
pany at the battle of White Plains. He was one of the two 
deacons elected at the organization of the church. Children : 

3. i. Ephraim, b. Dec. 26, 1749.+ 

4. ii. Thomas, b. Sept. 12, 1751; d. Oct. 11, 1820; m. Dec. 18, 1777, 

Molly Farnsworth [b. about 1756; d. June 24, 1842]. He 
served in the Revolution, and probably v^^as the one bearing 
the name upon the company roll of Capt. Abijah Smith or 
of Capt. Francis Tovime or of both. 

5. iii. Stephen, b. Nov. 6, 1753. He is said to have enlisted from 

Rindge in the company of Capt. Philip Thomas in 1775, 
but identification is hardly practicable on account of dif- 
ferent soldiers bearing the same name. 


Adams (William) 

6. iv. Daniel, b. Aug. 24, 1755. + 

7. V. Lydia, b. July 16, 1757; d. Oct., 1800; m. Nathan Wheeler 

[b. Concord, Mass., Jan. 9. 1744; d. May 7, 1834]. Res. in 
Temple. Children : i. Nathan Wheeler, b. Oct. 20, 1781 ; 
he was a prominent citizen of Temple and a deacon, ii. 
Lydia Wheeler, b. Aug. 19, 1783. iii. Josiah Wheeler, b. May 
11, 1786; m. Dolly Shattuck. 

8. vi. John, b. Nov. 10, 1762; d. Dec. 9, 1763. 

9. vii. John, b. Feb. 29, 1764; d. 1781 in the army, where he was 

probably the one who enlisted in the February of that year 
"for three years or the war." 

10. viii. Ebenezer, b. Oct. 2, 1765.-f- 

11. ix. Rebecca, b. July 27, 1767; m. Jan. 20, 1802, Abel Shedd. 

12. X. James, b. May 20, 1769; m. Nov. 3, 1795, Ruth Conant (9). 

Res. Grafton, Vt. 

13. xi. Betsey, b. Mar. 13, 1772; d. Apr. 14, 1816; m. Feb. 7, 1779, 

Dr. Luther Jewett of St. Johnsbury, Vt. Eight children. 

14. xii. QuiNCY, b. Sept. 29, 1775.+ 

2. Benjamin^ (Thomas'*, Thomas^, Nathaniel^ William^), 
bapt. Aug. 6, 1728; d. May 5, 1815; m. (1) Apr. 18, 1751, Pris- 
cilla, dau. of Joseph* (Thomas'^) and Priscilla (Warner) 
Adams [b. Jan. 3, 1729; d. Feb. 19, 1791]; (2) Feb. 19, 1795, 
Susannah, dau. of Stephen Ralph and widow of David Everett 
of Princeton, Mass. [d. May 2, 1815]. He came to New Ips- 
wich with his brother Ephraim or very soon after, and set- 
tled upon the same lot and the adjoining lot at the west, N. D., 
25, since occupied by Benjamin A. Clark and by Reed Tenney, 
where the two brothers held their land in common for many 
years, although later Benjamin removed his home to the last- 
named lot. He, like his brother, was a valued citizen and an 
approved holder of official positions, being Proprietors' clerk 
before the incorporation of the town for several years and 
town clerk afterward, and selectman for nine years. He served 
upon at least two calls for troops in the Revolutionary strug- 
gle, and failed to have a part in the contest at Lexington only 
because the patriotic uprising was so general that, with some 
other men from New Ipswich and other more distant towns, 
he was dismissed before reaching Cambridge. He was in the 
company of Capt. Smith, and while encamped near White 
Plains his blanket was stolen from him while asleep, the re- 
sulting exposure causing a life-long lameness and ultimately 
a complete inability to walk. He was chosen a deacon at the 
same time as his brother. Children : 

15. i. Joseph, b. Feb. 3, 1752; d. Mar. 30, 1752. 


History of New Ipswich 

16. ii. Priscilla, b. Mar. 15, 1753; d. Feb. 17, 1777; m. Oct. 12, 1772, 

John Warner. 

17. iii. Sarah, b. Feb. 1, 1755; d. Mar. 15, 1755. 

18. iv. Benjamin, b. Feb. 7, 1756; d. May 6, 1758. 

19. V. Mary, b. Mar. 1, 1758. 

20. vi. Deborah, b. June 5, 1760; d. July 19, 1760. 

21. vii. Hannah, b. Aug. 27, 1761. 

22. viii. Benjamin, b. Sept. 9, 1763.+ 

23. ix. Joseph, b. Dec. 13, 1765.-]- 

24. X. Sarah, b. Aug. 11, 1768; d. Nov. 20, 1768. 

25. xi. Eunice, b. Mar. 8, 1770; m. Nov. 17, 1799, Aaron Appleton 


3. Ephraim" (Ephraim^, Thomas*, Thomas^, NathanieP, 
William^, b. Dec. 26, 1749; d. Apr. 15, 1825; m. (1) 1772, 
Elizabeth, dau. of Timothy and Dinah (Pierce) Stearns of 
that part of Lancaster which is now Leominster [b. Nov. 11, 

1751; d. Mar. 29, 1810] ; (2) Bridget [b. about 1747; d. 

Oct. 25, 1813]. Soon after reaching the age of manhood he set- 
tled upon a lot then entirely wilderness, N. D., 61, which was 
occupied by him and his descendants for 125 years, but under 
later conditions has passed into the hands of Antti Raketti, 
sometimes preacher at the Lutheran church erected in that 
part of the town by the Finnish townsmen, a possession cer- 
tainly in harmony with its occupancy for more than sixty 
years by father, son, and grandson in succession, all deacons 
in the Congregational church. The house prepared for the 
new home upon this lot was situated a little farther west than 
the present house, built by the owner of the farm in the next 
generation, nor did the road end at the house as it has now 
for many years. In early days the road divided, one branch 
passing directly over the mountain, being the first road opened 
to Rindge, and the other turning northward to the region 
afterward occupied by the "Peppermint Tavern." The ruling 
spirit of this home is perhaps sufficiently evidenced by the 
calls to service made upon its head by the neighbors who 
knew him, as he served the town as selectman for sixteen 
years and the church as deacon for an equal period. He 
responded to the Concord alarm in 1775 and to the Royalton 
call in 1780. Children: 

26. i. Ephraim, b. Oct. 15, 1773.+ 

27. ii. Isaac, b. July 13, 1775.+ 

28. iii. Lydia, b. June 7, 1777 ; m. William Perkins of Leominster, 

Mass. Res. at Enosburg, Vt. Thirteen children. 


Adams (William) 

29. iv. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 13, 1778; d. Feb. 22, 1868; m. (1) June 21, 

1801, Joseph Spear (8) ; (2) Dec. 19, 1820, John, son of 
Samuel and Lizzie (Cummings) Cross of Litchfield, N. H. 
[d. 1825] ; (3) Joseph Joslyn of Jaffrey. 

30. V. John, b. Feb. 10, 1781.+ 

31. vi. Rebekah, b. Nov., 1782; m. Feb. 3, 1803, Aaron Knight. 

32. vii. Sar.\h, b. July 30, 1784; d. Mar. 19, 1814; m. Nicholas 

Richards of Enosburg, Vt., where she lived and died. Three 

33. viii. Susanna, b. Nov. 4, 1785; d. Nov. 6, 1819; m. Thomas Stearns 

of Leominster, Mass., later of Enosburg, Vt. [b. 1789; d. 
Feb. 27, 1832], Five children, one of whom, Thomas Adams 
Stearns, b. Sept. 2, 1812, lived in New Ipswich for a few 
years when a young man, but removed to Jaffrey, where 
he d. July 28, 1879. 

34. ix. LuciNDA, b. Jan. 26, 1788; d. 1848; m. May 14, 1807, Jonas, 

son of James and Sarah (Stearns) Boutelle of Leominster, 
Mass. Res. at Enosburg, Vt. 

35. X. Melinda, b. Feb. 8, 1790; d. 1868; m. Feb. 6, 1817, Asa Knight. 

Res. in Hancock, where she had eight children ; later in 
Milford and New London. 

36. xi. Timothy Kinsman, b. Sept. 30, 1791. + 

37. xii. Benjamin Stearns, b. Aug. 6, 1794. He married and re- 

moved to Tennessee. 

38. xiii. Cynthia, b. Sept. 5, 1796; d. 1883; m. Hiram, son of Judge 

Amos and Anna Fassett. Res. Enosburg, Vt. 

6. Daniel** (Ephraim\ Thomas*, Thomas^, NathanieF, 
William^), b. Aug. 24, 1755; d. about 1790; m. Sarah, dau. of 
William and Sarah (Locke) Clark [b. Townsend, Mass., Nov. 
21, 1754]. Her mother and her husband's stepmother were 
sisters. He removed about 1778 to a part of Fitzwilliam 
which is now Troy. Children : 

39. i. Stephen, b. Oct. 29, 1779; m. Dec. 1, 1803. Res. at Hinesburg, 

Vt. Eight children. 

40. ii. Daniel, b. Mar. 22, 1781 ; m. Dec. 3, 1806, Mercy Olney. Res. 

at Zingwick, Quebec. Seven children. 

41. iii. William, b. Mar. 10, 1783; d. Oct. 15, 1851; m. (1) Susan 

Raymond; (2) Betsey Tarbell; (3) Phebe Hatch. Res. in 
Boxboro, Mass., and later in Westford, Mass., where he 

42. iv. Thomas, b. Mar. 9, 1785; d. Sept. 12, 1841; m. June, 1805, 

Sarah Sawtelle of Jaffrey [d. Oct. 25, 1828]. Res. at Jeffrey. 
Ten children. 

43. v. Sarah, b. Jan. 25, 1787; m. Mar. 11, 1805, John Frost [d. July 

4, 1847]. Res. at Jaffrey. Nine children. 

44. vi. Lydia, b. July 13, 1789. Res. at Nashua. 

45. vii. Samuel, b. Apr. 30, 1791. He removed to Canada, and was 

last known as a soldier in the British army in 1812. 


History of New Ipswich 

10. Ebenezer« (Ephraim^ Thomas*, Thomas^ NathanieP, 
William^), b. Oct. 2, 1765: d. Aug. 15, 1841; m. (1) July 9, 
1795, Alice, dau. of Dr. John Frink [b. Rutland, Mass., Mar. 
1, 1769; d. June 20, 1805] ; (2) May 17, 1807, Beulah, dau. of 
Dr. John Minott [b. Concord, Mass., June 28, 1775]. He pre- 
pared for college at New Ipswich, and graduated from Dart- 
mouth College in 1791. He was principal of the academy at 
Leicester, Mass., for fourteen years, of an academy at Port- 
land, Me., two years, instructor at Phillips Academy, Exeter, 
two years, and in 1809 was appointed professor of Latin, 
Greek, and Hebrew in his Alma Mater, but a year later was 
transferred to the chair of Mathematics and Natural Philoso- 
phy, in which he remained until his death thirty-one years 
later, although during the last eight years he was relieved of 
its duties and remained as professor emeritus. In all of those 
positions he was an eminently successful teacher and a highly 
respected citizen. He was postmaster at Leicester. Had 
athletics held at that time such a place in college activities as 
they now claim, he would without doubt have had additional 
claims for popularity, as it is related that at the age of nine- 
teen he was selected as the champion to maintain the honor 
of New Ipswich against the challenge of three brothers from 
Ashburnham who came across the state line upon town- 
meeting day to win the honor of a wrestling victory over the 
boys of New Hampshire, but were forced to admit the defeat 
of their best man by the embryonic professor from a muscular 
New Ipswich family. That his mental activities were not 
limited by the walls of his class-room is evidenced by his being 
an original member of the Northern Academy of Arts and 
Sciences, and also by his connection with many other societies, 
including the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the 
New Hampshire Historical Society, the Royal Society of 
Northern Antiquities, and the American Antiquarian Society. 
Children, the first five born at Leicester and the last two at 
Hanover : 

46. i. Alice Amelia, b. June 2, 1796; d. Portland, Me., Feb. 11, 

1820; m. June 16, 1819, Rev. Thomas Jewett Murdock. 

47. ii. Adeline Augusta, b. Jan. 17, 1798; m. June 28, 1819. 

48. iii. John Frink, b. Nov. 3, 1799; m. July 2, 1835, Elizabeth Lovell 

Walker. He graduated from Dartmouth College in 1817, 
and became a lawyer at Mobile, Ala. Three children. 

49. iv. Charles Augustus, b. Oct. 2, 1801; d. in South Carolina, 

Mar. 9, 1824. 


Adams (William) 

50. V. Harriet Russell, b. Sept. 14, 1804; d. July 30, 1830; m. Nov. 

14, 1826, Hon. John Aiken, who graduated from Dartmouth 
College in 1819, was a lawyer in Manchester, Vt., and a 
business man at Lowell, Mass., and at Boston. Charles A. 
Aiken, professor of Latin at Dartmouth College 1859-1866, 
was their son. 

51. vi. Eliza Minott, b. Feb. 9, 1810; m. Aug. 23, 1833, Ira Young, 

who graduated from Dartmouth College in 1821 and suc- 
ceeded to the chair of Prof. Adams upon his becoming 
professor emeritus. Charles A. Young, professor of Physics 
and Astronomy at Dartmouth College 1866-1872, and later 
at Princeton, N. J., who succeeded to a portion of the duties 
of Prof. Ira Young, was their son, and Anne S. Young, 
professor of Astronomy at Mt. Holyoke College, is their 

52. vii. Ebenezer, b. Aug. 6, 1813; d. July 23, 1837. He graduated 

from Dartmouth College in 1831. 

14. QuiNCY*' (Ephraim^, Thomas*, Thomas^, Nathaniel^, 
William^, b. Sept. 29, 1775; d. about 1815; m. Dolly Elliot. 
He lived upon the paternal farm for a few years after reaching 
manhood, but about 1805 he exchanged farms with Francis 
Cragin of Temple and removed to that town, where he lived 
for about ten years before receiving fatal injuries by falling 
through his sled. Children : 

53. i. John Quincy, b. Dec. 18, 1800. 

54. ii. Maria, b. Nov. 14, 1802. 

22. Benjamin*^ (Benjamin^, Thomas*, Thomas^ Nathaniel^ 
William^), b. Sept. 9, 1763; d. about July 1, 1825; m. June 22, 
1794, Olivia (1), dau. of David and Susannah (Ralph) Everett 
[b. Princeton, Mass., July 22, 1768]. He passed most of his 
life upon the paternal farm, (N, D., 25,) but for a few years 
soon after the opening of the turnpike through the town, in 
the early years of the nineteenth century, he kept a tavern 
in the old parsonage at the corner (N. D., 2)7,) where the road 
turns to Mill Brook. It was an exceptionally orderly house, 
as might be inferred from the fact that he is said to have been 
the first man in the town to carry on his farm, without the 
use of rum. He was interested in military matters, and at- 
tained the rank of major, by which title he was known until 
his death. Children : 

55. i. David Everett, b. July 4, 1795; m. Sept. 28, 1833, Nancy 

Walker (J. 9). 

56. ii. Olivia, b. Sept. 6, 1796; m. Rev. Robert Page [b. Readfield, 

Me., Apr. 25, 1790; d. Jan. 12, 1876]. He was a pastor in 


History of New Ipswich 

Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Ohio, in which last 
state they died. Seven children. 

57. iii. Clarissa Priscilla, b. May 12, 1798. She became a perma- 

nent resident in Keene, with her aunt Eunice (Adams) Ap- 
pleton, when only a child. 

58. iv. Benjamin Franklin, b. Mar. 1, 1800; d. July 28, 1886; m. 

Feb. 20, 1828, Louisa Ruth, dau. of Isaac and Mercy (Dana) 
Redington of Walpole and Keene [b. Aug. 13, 1805; d. Mar. 
12, 1883]. He went in childhood, like his sister, to the home 
of his aunt Eunice Appleton in Keene, in which town he 
lived until 1853, when he removed to Chicago. He had 
eight children, one of whom, George Everett, graduated 
from Harvard College in 1860, and from Harvard Law 
School in 1865 ; he entered upon legal practice in Chicago ; 
was a state senator 1881-83, and a representative in Congress 

59. V. Charles, b. Dec. 21, 1802; m. Susan, dau. of John and Susan 

(White) Shedd of Rindge and Jaffrey. He was a tanner 
at the foot of Meeting-house Hill for several years about 
1830, but removed to Derby, Vt., before 1835, and later to 
the New Ipswich colony at Denmark, Iowa. Children : i. 
A daughter, d. in childhood, ii. A daughter, d. soon after 
marriage, iii. Charles Kendall, b. Jan. 24, 1835 ; d. Red- 
lands, Cal, July 26, 1902. He graduated from the Univer- 
sity of Michigan in 1861, and was a member of the faculty 
of that institution until 1885, at first as an instructor, but 
rising to the professorship of History, and being also Dean 
of the School of Political Science, and at the same time 
a professor "in absentia" at Cornell University, to the pres- 
idency of which he was called in 1885, but resigned in 1892 
to accept the presidency of the University of Wisconsin, 
which he held for nine years. 

60. vi. SoPHRONiA, b. Mar. 11, 1804; m. May 20, 1828, Dr. Hibbard, 

son of Dr. Luther and Betsey (Adams) (13) Jewett. She 
also passed her youth with her aunt Eunice in Keene. 

61. vii. Eunice Augusta, b. Aug. 30, 1805; d. Dec. 22, 1846; m. Jan. 

3, 1833, James Adams, son of Capt. Abel and Rebecca 
(Adams) (11) Shedd. 

62. viii. Frederic Augustus, b. July 19, 1807; d. Apr. 8, 1888; m. Oct. 

23. 1839, Mary Jane, dau. of Col. David McGregor Means of 
Amherst [b. Jan. 1, 1811; d. Mar. 28, 1882]. He graduated 
from Dartmouth College in 1833, and from Andover Theo- 
logical Seminary in 1837, teaching during his professional 
study, being a tutor at Dartmouth in 1836-37. He was pas- 
tor at Amherst for three years, and then devoted himself 
to teaching in academies and private schools in Byfield, 
Mass., Orange, N. J., and Newark, N. J., until 1882. He 
died at East Orange, N. J. He was a trustee of New Ips- 
wich Academy 1837-44. He had three daughters who died 
young, and one son, Frederic, h. Oct. 9, 1840; m. (1) Oct. 


Adams (William) 

27, 1870, Ella, dau. of John S. King of Putnam, O. [d. 
Nov. 14, 1896] ; (2) July 20, 1904, Ella, dau. of Morris K. 
King of Norfolk, Va. ; six children. 

63. ix. Emily Appleton, b. Feb. 3, 1810. 

23. Joseph^ (Benjamin^, Thomas*, Thomas^, NathanieP, 
William^), b. Dec. 13, 1765. He married, and probably left 
New Ipswich immediately after, as his name appears on the 
town records only in 1787. Children: 

64. i. Isaac. He was a minister, and d. leaving one daughter. 

65. ii. Hiram. He had two children. 

66. iii. Mary, m. Johnson. One son. 

67. iv. Minerva, unm. 

26. Ephraim^ (Ephraim*', Ephraim^, Thomas*, Thomas^, 
NathanieP, William^), b. Oct. 15, 1773; d. July 16, 1833; m. 
(1) 1800, Sally, dau. of James and Sarah (Stearns) Boutelle 
of Leominster, Mass. [d. Enosburg, Vt., July 29, 1814] ; (2) 
Dec. 29, 1814, Polly, sister of his first wife [d. about 1830] ; (3) 
Salome (Grant), widow of Rev. James Parker, who survived 
him. In 1796, when he was not yet 23 years of age, he with 
his brother Isaac and two fellow-townsmen, Charles Barrett 
and Nathan Wheeler, with the spirit which in later years set- 
tled the western areas of the country, went to northern 
Vermont, and bought 1000 acres of land in "Knight's Gore," 
now the eastern part of the town of Bakersfield, and settled 
there, keeping "bachelor's hall" while clearing and planting 
their land during thiee seasons, but returning to New Hamp- 
shire each winter and there teaching school. Communication 
with the towns upon the lake to the west was not difficult, 
and the young men had visions of a thriving town in the 
future centering in Knight's Gore. But as the forest was 
cleared, it was found that the surrounding mountains forbade 
advance to the east, and that the busy town would never lie 
as they planned. This experience, familiar in later years to 
so many who have deserted the eastern states and sought 
homes in the unsettled West, caused a complete abandonment 
of the Knight's Gore enterprise. But Ephraim Adams did 
not resume residence in New Ipswich; he went a few miles 
farther to the north and settled in Enosburg, whither he soon 
took his young wife, and where all his children were born. 
Children : 

68. i. John, b. Dec, 1801; d. Nov. 30, 1802. 


History of New Ipswich 

69. ii. Ephraim, b. Dec. 27, 1802; d. Oct. 20, 1837; m. May 26, 1825, 

Lydia Wheeler. He was a farmer and a tin-peddler. He 
removed to Fitchburg while yet a young man. Three 

70. iii. James B., b. Oct. 14, 1805; d. 1869; m. Mehitable Pope. Res. 

in Troy, Vt. Three children. 

71. iv. Fidelia, b. 1807; d. 1808. 

72. V. George, b. Dec. 27, 1809; d. Apr. 27, 1891; m. (1) Feb. 27, 

1833, Arvilla Stevens [d. May 13, 1843] ; (2) July 13, 1843, 
Mrs. Elmira (Stevens) Stone [b. Feb. 5, 1805; d. Feb. 5, 
1888]. He lived in Enosburg, Vt., which town he repre- 
sented in the Legislature in 1876. Six children. 
11. vi. Julia, b. 1812; d. Aug., 1817. 

74. vii. Thomas Spencer, b. Feb. 3, 1816. Res. in Boston. 

75. viii. Sally, b. Feb. 20, 1819; d. June 2, 1837. 

76. ix. Benjamin Stearns, b. Aug. 27, 1820; m. Apr. 16, 1843, Susan 

S. Pierce [b. Brighton, Mass., June 2, 1822]. Res. Troy, Vt. 
n. X. Henry Martyn, b. Nov. 20, 1823 ; d. Aug. 13, 1856. He gradu- 
ated from Amherst College in 1851, and from the Theo- 
logical Institute of Connecticut in 1854. He was ordained 
soon after, at Enosburg, and sailed for the Gaboon Mission 
in Western Africa, where he labored less than two years 
before his death. 

78. xi. Joanna K., b. Apr. 12, 1827; d. Dec. 27, 1891; m. Mar. 31, 

1847, Samuel Henry Dow of Enosburg [b. Dec. 6, 1822; d. 
Mar. 27, 1907]. 

79. xii. John Scott, b. Jan. 22, 1829; d. Oct., 1858; m. Cordelia Ab- 

bott [d. Mar., 1849]. Res. Gardner, Mass. Two children. 

27. Isaac'' (Ephraim'', Ephraim^, Thomas*, Thomas^, Na- 
thaniel, William^), h. July 13, 1775; d. July 7, 1849; m. Dec. 
8, 1803, Sally, dau. of Benjamin and Lydia (Hawks) Perkins 
of Leominster, IVlass. [b. Dec. 10, 1779; d. June 26, 1856]. He 
had a part with his brother Ephraim in the Knight's Gore 
settlement, as related above, but unlike his brother, he re- 
turned to his native town and there passed his life, succeeding 
his father not only in ownership of the paternal farm but also 
as selectman in 1805, and as deacon in 1814. He was also 
an Academy trustee. Children : 

80. i. Sally, b. Sept. 29, 1805; d. Mar. 18, 1879; m. Dec. 26, 1837, 

Nathan, son of John and Sarah (Merrill) Perley [b. Haver- 
hill, Mass., June 11, 1794; d. June 18, 1882]. Res. Enos- 
burg, Vt. Children: i. Ellen S. Perley, b. Feb. 18, 1839; 
d. Aug. 10, 1845. ii. Laura Perley, b. Mar. 8, 1842; d. Jan. 
14, 1879; m. Feb., 1865, Edward H. Smith; one child, iii. 
Ephraim Adams Perley, b. Aug. 29, 1844; d. Jan. 19, 1905; 
m. Sept. 10, 1879, Susan Paul; one child, iv. Ormond T. 
Perley, b. Sept. 19, 1846; d. Sept. 13, 1882; m. Laura Annette 



Adams (William) 

81. ii. Henry, b. Nov. 23, 1807.+ 

82. iii. Marinda, b. Nov. 25, 1810; d. Jan. 19, 1879; m. Dec. 11, 1833, 

William Dana Locke (12). 

83. iv. Ephraim, b. Dec. 13, 1812; d. Aug. 1, 1816. 

84. V. Elizabeth Stearns, b. Jan. 18, 1816; d. Aug. 7, 1818. 

85. vi. Ephraim, b. Feb. 5, 1818.+ 

30. JoHN^ (Ephraim*', Ephraim^, Thomas*, Thomas^ Na- 
thaniel, William^), b. Feb. 10, 1781; m. Rebecca, dau. of 
James and Sarah (Stearns) Boutelle of Leominster, Mass. 
Res. at Enosburg, Vt. Children : 

86. i. John. 

87. ii. Fidelia. 

88. iii. Emily. 

89. iv. Charles. 

90. V. Cyrus. 

91. vi. Joseph. 

92. vii. Ephraim. 

93. viii. LuciNDA. 

94. ix. JosiAH. 

95. X. Rebecca. 

36. Timothy Kinsman^ (Ephraim^, Ephraim^, Thomas*, 
Thomas^ NathanieP, William^), b. Sept. 30, 1791; m. Mary 
Nichols. Res. at Enosburg, Vt., and removed thence to 
Minnesota, where they passed their lives. Children : 

96. i. Clarissa. 

97. ii. Cynthia. 

98. iii. Mary. 

99. iv. Bartlett. 

100. V. Melinda. 

101. vi. Dorothy. 

102. vii. Elizabeth. 

103. viii. Stearns, 

104. ix. Thomas. 

81. Henry* (Isaac'', Ephraim^, Ephraim^, Thomas*, 
Thomas^ Nathaniel^, William^), b. Nov. 23, 1807; d. Oct. 21, 
1892; m. (1) Jan. 1, 1835, Deborah Clark (4) [b. Oct. 12, 1811; 
d. June 18, 1865] ; (2) Aug. 5, 1875, Mrs. Adeline Proctor. 
He was a farmer, succeeding to the farm of his father and 
his grandfather, and like them he was a deacon, being chosen 
to that office upon the formation of the Second Congregational 
church in 1851, and holding that position until the reunion 
of the two churches ten years later. He passed his later 
years at Decorah, Iowa. Children : 


History of New Ipswich 

109. i. Louisa Deborah, b. Dec. 23, 1837; m. Oct. 9, 1860, George 

Thompson Hastings [b. Nov., 1836; d. Nov. 15, 1885]. She 
res. with her sister in Decorah, Iowa. One daughter who d. 

110. ii. Mary Hannah, b. Feb. 11, 1844; m. Dec. 25, 1863, Samuel 

Allen Thayer (9). 

111. iii. Henry C, b. June 7, 1846; d. May 12, 1850. 

112. iv. Caroline Elizabeth, b. Jan. 29, 1848; m. Oct. 8, 1869, Newton 

Henry, son of Cyrus and Mary Ann (Weaver) Adams [b. 
Suffield, O., Oct. 6, 1849]. He is a dealer in grain and seeds 
at Decorah, Iowa. Children: i. Burton Henry Adams, b. 
Aug. 29, 1870; m. Mrs. Winnie Landers; he is in business 
with his father, ii. Grace Deborah Adams, h. Nov. 18, 
1875 ; m. Severt Rebay Ringoen, a cashier in Decorah, Iowa, 
iii. Walter Clark Adams, b. Apr. 8, 1882; m. Marie Gene- 
vieve Cutler; res. in Decorah, Iowa. 

85. Ephraim^ (Isaac^ Ephraim**, Ephraim^ Tliomas*, 
Thomas^ NathanieP, William^), b. Feb. 5, 1818; d. Nov. 30, 
1907; m. Sept. 16, 1845, Elizabeth Sylvia, dau. of Jabez Avery 
and Elizabeth (Ingalls) Douglass of Hanover [b. Jan. 1, 1821 ; 
d. July 12, 1905]. He fitted for college at New Ipswich 
.Vcademy and Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., and was one 
of fifty students who left that institution upon being forbidden 
to form an anti-slavery society there. He graduated from 
Dartmouth College in 1839, and from' Andover Theological 
Seminary in 1843. He was one of the noted 'Towa band" of 
eleven young men who in that year left Andover for service 
under the American Home Missionary Society in the region 
with unfamiliar name "divided between the Indian, the pioneer 
and the buffalo," where they believed that they were "needed 
and most needed." In the work of that band this son of New 
Ipswich is abundantly testified to have done his full part, not 
merely as a minister of the gospel, but in all the activities of 
the territory and the state which, built in from the foundation, 
have given that state its honored position. He was ordained 
at Denmark, was pastor at Mt. Pleasant, Davenport, Decorah, 
and Eldora, and was also for many years missionary superin- 
tendent, and for some time engaged in active labor for Iowa 
College, of which he v/as one of the founders and president 
of the trustees for many years. The ability of this service 
was formally recognized in 1882 by the degree of D. D. After 
46 years of strenuous and successful endeavor he nominally 
retired from active labors and was granted 18 years of a rest, 
by no means slothful or useless to others, which normally 


Adams (William) 

has place in such a life, and which his able and equally faith- 
ful companion in almost sixty years of service was spared to 
pass with him in their home at Waterloo, where they died. 
Children : 

113. i. Theodore Douglass, b. Davenport, Iowa, July 31, 1846; d. 

Decorah, Iowa, Sept. 5, 1872; m. May 30, 1870, Elizabeth 

114. ii. Elizabeth Camilla, b. Davenport, Iowa, Oct. 20, 1848; d. 

Feb. 22, 1877. 

115. iii. Henry Carter, b. Davenport, Iowa, Dec. 31, 1851; m. Sept. 

3, 1890, Bertha, dau. of Asa H. and Harriet P.. (Hammond) 
Wright [b. Port Huron, Mich., Apr. 11, 1865]. He gradu- 
ated from Iowa College in 1874, was at Andover Theological 
Seminary for a year, and afterward a fellow at Johns Hop- 
kins University and a student in Germany at the Universities 
of Heidelberg and Berlin. He has been a lecturer on Politi- 
cal Economy and Finance at Cornell University and the Uni- 
versity of Michigan for several years, and for a time at 
Johns Hopkins. He was elected professor at the Univer- 
sity of Michigan in 1887, and has made his home at Ann 
Arbor. He has also been statistician to the Interstate Com- 
merce Commission, and has had charge of other expert 
work for the government. He is author of several ap- 
proved works on living public questions. He has received 
the degree of Ph. D. from Johns Hopkins, and of LL. D. 
from Iowa College and the University of Wisconsin. Chil- 
dren : i. Henry Carter, b. Oct. 8, 1891. ii. Theodore 
Wright, b. Jan. 20, 1896. iii. Thomas Hammond, b. Sept. 1, 

116. iv. Sarah Sidnie, b. Hanover, Nov. 20, 1857: d. Decorah, Iowa, 

June 9, 1865. 

117. V. Ephraim Douglass, b. Decorah, Iowa, Dec. 18, 1865; m. June 

8, 1893, May Stevens, dau. of William and Jane Elizabeth 
(Stevens) Breakey [b. Ann Arbor, Mich., Sept. 6, 1867J. 
He graduated from the University of Michigan in 1887, 
and was afterward a graduate student, receiving the degree 
of Ph. D. in 1890. He was a member of the faculty of 
the University of Kansas for eleven years, and since 1902, 
professor of European History in Leland Stanford Uni- 
versity. He is the author of several books. Children : i. 
James Douglass, b. Apr. 6, 1894. ii. Sidney Francis, b. July 

9, 1895. iii. Williavi Forbes, b. Feb. 25, 1898. 


Edward^ Ainsworth, b. in England about 1652; d. Mar., 1740/1; m. 
Jan. 11, 1687/8, Joanna, dau. of Joshua and Joanna (Evans) Heming- 
way [b. Sept. 21, 1670; d. Dec. 23, 1748]. Res. in Roxbury, Mass., until 
1702/3, when he removed to Woodstock, Conn. He was a farmer. 


History of New Ipswich 

Edward' (Edward'), b. Roxbury, Aug. 18, 1693; d. June 16. 1758; 
m. Apr. 5, 1722, Joanna, dau. of Matthew and Margaret (Corbin) Davis 
of Pomfret, Conn. [b. Oct. 22, 1696; d. Apr. 25, 1753]. He was a pros- 
perous farmer at Woodstock, Conn. 

William' (Edward^ Edward'), b. July 12, 1733; d. Nov. 14, 1815; 
m. May 29, 1753, Mary Marcy [b. 1783; d. Nov. 23, 1815]. Res. at Lev- 
erett, Mass., until 1802, when he removed to Wales, Mass., where he died. 

Laban* (WilHam^ Edward^ Edward'), b. July 19, 1757; d. Mar. 16, 
1858; m. Dec. 4, 1787, Mary, dau. of Jonas and Mary (Hall) Minott of 
Concord, Mass. [b. Feb. 1, 1761; d. Feb. 3, 1845]. He graduated from 
Dartmouth College in 1778, was licensed to preach in 1779, and served 
as army chaplain for a time. He preached a short time in New Jersey, 
but in 1782 he entered upon his pastorate at Jaffrey and there continued 
until his death, more than seventy-five years later. 

1. William^ (Laban*, William^, Edward-, Edward^), b. 
Aug. 24, 1792; d. June 14, 1842; m. Sept. 29, 1818, Mary Morse 
Stearns. He graduated from Dartmouth College in 1811. He 
studied law and practised at Jaffrey until 1831, when he was 
elected cashier of the "Manufacturers' Bank," which had been 
established a few years before in the small brick building 
upon the north side of the street opposite the short street 
leading down to the "Waterloom Factory," as it was then 
named, and he continued in the successful management of that 
enterprise until his death. He was also a trustee of the Acad- 
emy during most of his residence in town. He died at Con- 
cord while representing the town in the Legislature. Children : 

2. i. Frederick Smith, b. Apr. 17, 1820.+ 

3. ii. Mary Minot, b. Feb. 24, 1822; d. June 9, 1890; m. Oct. 17, 

1849, Theodore P. Greene, afterward an admiral in the 
U. S. Navy. 

4. iii. William Parker, b. Dec. 22, 1825; d. May 29, 1862, unm. 

He was treasurer of the Nashua & Lowell railroad, but 
resigned that position to serve in the Civil War. He was 
captain of a New Hampshire company attached to the 1st 
Rhode Island Cavalry. He was killed in a charge at Port 
Royal, Va. 

5. iv. Josiah Stearns, b. Aug. 7, 1832; d. Oct. 23, 1833. 

2. Frederick Smith" (William^ Laban*, William^ Ed- 
ward^ Edward^), b. Apr. 17, 1820; d. Oct. 5, 1878; m. Apr. 22, 
1856, Mary C. Harris [d. 1893]. He graduated from Dart- 
mouth College in 1840, studied medicine, and received his 
degree from Harvard Medical School in 1844. He practised 
in Boston, and also served as surgeon of the 22d Massachu- 
setts Regiment and as brigade surgeon from 1862 to 1865. 


6. i. William, b. June 29, 1861 ; d. June 12, 1863. 


Ames (David) 


It has not been found practicable to present the citizens of New 
Ipswich bearing this family name as members of a single family, but the 
lineage is given below as far as it has been ascertained. 

AMES (DAVin). 

David' Ames, b. Oct. 14, 1752; d. Sept. 24, 1834; m. Margaret, dau. 
of Dea. Samuel and Janet (Morrison) Mitchell [b. Aug. 14, 1751; d. May 
27, 1822]. He removed from Peterboro to Hancock about 1779, and 
afterward resided there. 

1. Jacob^ (David^), b. May 20, 1776; d. June 22, 1825; m. 
Mar. 7, 1799, Melia, dau. of Joseph and Mittie (Cummings) 
Symonds [b. Oct. 24, 1778; d. Jan. 13, 1836]. He was a car- 
penter and auctioneer at Hancock, where he was a prominent 
citizen and captain of the artillery company. He came to 
New Ipswich in 1823, but lost his life two years later by a 
fall from a building which he was erecting. Children : 

2. i. Asa, b. Sept. 4, 1800. 
GiLMAN, b. 1802.+ 

Amelia, b. 1802; m. June 12, 1828, George Barr (6). 
Lavinia, b. Feb. 11, 1805; d. June 6, 1870; m. (1) June 2, 

1835, Ephraim W. Blood'; (2) Feb. 9, 1842, Sampson 

Fletcher (13). 
Jacob, b. Sept. 7, 1806.+ 
WiNSLOw, b. 1808.+ 

Lucy Matilda, b. 1811; d. Aug. 29, 1817. 
9. viii. John, b. Sept. 15, 1815.+ 

10. ix. George Leonard, b. 1819; d. Sept. 12, 1838. 

11. X. Arethusa, b. Feb., 1822; d. in infancy. 

3. Oilman^ (Jacob^, David^), b. 1802; d. Mar. 27, 1862; m. 
(1) Oct. 6, 1825, Ann E., dau. of Jeremiah Bacon of Hancock 
[b. about 1802; d. Apr. 11, 1834] ; (2) June 4, 1835, Hannah 
Newhall (20). He was a carpenter at Bank Village. Children: 

12. i. Elizabeth Ann, b. July 8, 1826; m. (1) Dec. 23, 1849, Richard 

Baxter, son of Dea. Asa and Betsey (Russell) Simonds 
of Hancock; (2) Nov. 4, 1862, William W. Johnson. Three 

13. ii. Sarah Jane, b. 1828; m. Daniel P. Ramsdell (13). 

14. iii. Leonard, d. young. 

15. iv. Charles B., b. about Apr., 1834; d. Aug. 13, 1834. 

6. Jacob=^ (Jacob^ David^), b. Sept. 7, 1806; d. Aug. 27, 
1889; m. (1) Rhoda Coburn of Dracut, Mass. [b. about 1807; 
d. May 1, 1880] ; (2) Oct. 14, 1880, Mrs. Lucy Ann Keyes of 














History of New Ipswich 

New Ipswich [b. Peterboro, Jan. 4, 1829; d. Jan. 24. 1908]. 
Res. in Dracut and Lowell, Mass. Children : 

16. i. RoMANZO, b. Sept. 21, 1833; d. Oct. 2, 1852. 

17. ii. Gilbert, b. Aug. 28, 1835 ; d. Sept. 14, 1836. 

18. iii. Jacob, b. July 14, 1837; d. Dec. 15, 1841. 

19. iv. Charles, b. June 4, 1839; d. June 20, 1857. 

20. V. Eveline Aurelia, b. Sept. 3, 1841 ; d. June 28, 1852. 

7. WiNSLOW^ (Jacob^, David^), b. 1808; d. Feb. 9, 1888; m. 
(1) Sept. 10, 1835, Lucy R., dau. of Elisha Barret of Mason 
[d. Oct. 21, 1838] ; (2) Sept. 11, 1839. Harriet, dau. of James 
H. Wood of Mason [b. Mar. 14, 1816; d. Dec. 2, 1881]'. He 
lived many years in Nashua, but removed to Jersey City, 
N. J., in 1869, and thence to Montclair, N. J. Engaged in iron 
works. Child : 

21. i. James H., b. Apr. 23, 1841 ; m. Lucia, dau. of W. W. Pratt of 

Jersey City. Also engaged in iron business. 

9. JoHN^ (Jacob^ David^), b. Sept. 15, 1815; m. (1) Oct. 
12, 1843, Saraii T., dau. of Luke N. and Mary Perry of Wor- 
cester, Mass. ; (2) Jan. 3, 1859, Cynthia, dau. of Liberty and 
Rachel Rice of Brookfield, Mass. A tanner and currier, and 
later a farmer. Res. Warren, Mass. Children : 

22. i. Mary Lavinia, b. July 18, 1844. Res. Warren, Mass. 
John, b. Dec. 1, 1845. Res. California. 
Leonard Herbert, b. Apr. 4, 1848; d. Sept. 9, 1850. 
Sarah Emma, b. Feb. 9, 1850; m. Edward L. Foskit of 

Warren. Two children. 
Helen Gertrude, b. July 14, 1853; d. Mar. 4, 1892. 
Carrie Emeline, b. Oct. 29, 1860. 

AMES (Elijah). 

Elijah Ames, m. Prudence (?). 

Jonathan' (Elijah^, b. Sept. 20, 1771; d. July 16, 1818; m. Dec. 9, 
1797, Sarah Tarbell. Res. at Pepperell, Mass. 

1. Samuel Tarbell^ (Jonathan-, Elijah^), b. Mar. 23, 1810; 
d. Cambridge, Mass., May 25, 1897; m. July 14, 1843, ^Tary 
Hartwell Barr (16). He removed in 1842 from Pepperell to 
Boston, where he was in the wholesale woolen business and 
later in real estate. Res. in Boston and Medford, summers in 
New Ipswich. Children : 

2. i. James Barr, b. June 22, 1846.-}- 

3. ii. Mary Frances, b. Medford, Apr. 8, 1856; d. Florence, Italy, 

June 18, 1907; m. Nov. 29, 1881, Heman M. Burr. Children: 
i. Roger Ames Burr, b. Aug. 28, 1882; m. in Berlin, Ger- 












Ames (Elijah) 

many, Oct. 27, 1908, O. A. O. Siemers ; two children, ii. 
Francis Hardon Burr, b. Sept. 14, 1886; d. Dec. 5, 1910. 
iii. Mary Hartwell Burr, b. Dec. 1, 1898. 

2. James Barr* (Samuel T.^, Jonathan-, Elijah^), b. Tune 
22, 1846; d. Jan. 8, 1910: m. June 28. 1880, Sarah Russell [b. 
Sept. 22, 1851]. He graduated from Harvard College in 1868, 
from Harvard Law School in 1872. He was a tutor and in- 
structor in Harvard 1871-73. Admitted to the bar in 1873, he 
never practised but was connected with the Harvard Law 
School ever after as assistant professor and dean. He has 
been called the foremost teacher of law of his time, being 
not only an exceptionally broad and accurate scholar, and a 
profound student of the history of common law, but also 
having special ability in the development of clear and exact 
thought in those under his instruction. His writings published 
in legal periodicals and elsewhere are authoritative. He re- 
ceived the degree of LL. D. from six universities. Children : 

4. i. Robert Russell, b. Feb. 12, 1883; m. May 27, 1911, Margaret 

F. Glover. One son. 

5. ii. Richard, b. May 26, 1885 ; m. Dorothy Abbott. One son. 


Samuel* Appleton, b. Little Waldingfield, Suffolk, England, 1586; d. 
Rowley, Mass., June, 1670; m. (1) Jan. 24, 1616, Judith Everard [d. about 

1630] ; (2) Martha . He was in Ipswich with wife and five children 

in 1636, and was deputy to the General Court the following year. His 
services in that capacity, however, terminated during the same year, 
apparently because he was not considered to be sufficiently intolerant in 
relation to Mrs. Hutchinson and her adherents. 

Samuel^ (SamueP), b. Little Waldingfield, 1625; d. Ipswich, May 15, 
1696; m. (1) Apr. 2, 1651, Hannah, dau. of William Paine of Ipswich; 
(2) Dec. 8, 1656, Mary, dau. of John Oliver of Newbury [d. Feb. 15, 

Isaac' (SamueP, Samuel'), b. 1664; d. May 22, 1747; m. Priscilla, 
dau. of Thomas Baker of Topsfield [d. May 26, 1731]. 

Isaac* (Isaac^ SamueP, Samuel'), b. May 30, 1704; d. Dec. 18, 1794; 
m. (1) pub. Apr. 25, 1730, Elizabeth, dau. of Francis Sawyer of Wells, 
Me. [b. 1710; d. Apr. 29, 1785]; (2) Dec. 11, 1785, Mrs. Hephzibah (prob. 
Swain) Appleton, widow of Dea. Joseph* Appleton, (01iver^ SamueP, 
SamueP), [d. July 7, 1788]. He was the largest proprietor of New Ips- 
wich, having six shares ; but he is not believed to have been an actual 
resident in the town. 

1. IsAAC^ (Isaac*, Isaac^, SamueP, Samuel^), bapt. ]\iay 30. 
1731 ; d. Feb. 26, 1806; m. Apr. 24, 1760, Mary, dau. of Joseph 


History of New Ipswich 

Adams of Concord [b. Mar. 14, 1742; d. May 22, 1827]. He 
came to New Ipswich about 1750, and settled upon one of the 
24 lots owned by his father (N. D., 41,) building his house 
near the southeast corner of the lot, upon the west side of the 
old "country road" not far from the point where the turnpike 
was to intersect it fifty years later. But in 1756 he removed a 
short distance farther up the country road and there built 
the house which still bears over its entrance the date of its 
erection, and which was to be his home for half a century, 
during which he was a power in the town for all that tended 
to true prosperity. He held the ofifice of town clerk and of 
selectman each for several years and was a deacon for thirty 
years. He responded to the call to arms from Concord, and 
also served under Capt. Smith. Children — all born in New 
Ipswich : 

3. i. Isaac, b. June 6, 1762.-f- 

4. ii. Joseph B., b. June 25, 1764; d. Keene, Dec. 2, 1791. He grad- 

uated from Dartmouth College in 1791. 

5. iii. Samuel, b. June 22, 1766; d. July, 1853; m. Boston, Nov.. 

1818, Mary, dau. of John Lekain, widow of John Gore 
[d. May 19, 1870]. The years of his childhood and youth 
were passed upon his father's farm, where his monetary 
resources bore little similarity to those of his later life. 
Many years afterward he related the story of his first trip 
to Peterboro in his fourteenth year, which he made on foot 
while aiding in the management of a drove of cattle, for 
which assistance his father had received in advance the 
sum of "ninepence" (I2y2 cents). But at the end of the 
stipulated ten miles an extension of the contract was nego- 
tiated, by virtue of which he continued service over an 
additional ten miles, and placed in his own pocket in return 
therefor "fopence ha'penny" (6% cents). It was probably 
a little before his arrival at his majority that Hon. Charles 
Barrett (5) suggested that he should remove to his settle- 
ment in the Maine forests, then known as Barrettstown, 
and presented him with land for a farm, such as he was 
selling to the other settlers for one hundred dollars, which 
proposition he accepted, and labored upon his new domain 
for about three years, also acting as Mr. Barrett's agent. 
He did not, however, choose a permanent farmer's life, 
but returned to New Ipswich, was one of the earliest stu- 
dents at the newly founded Academy, and received from 
Principal John Hubbard the first certificate of ability to 
teach issued from that institution. He availed himself of 
the privilege thus conferred for only two or three terms, 
and about the age of twenty-five he opened a store in Ash- 
burnham, Mass. This business he transferred the following 



year to his native town, and occupied the low store-building 
standing until recently at the foot of Meeting-house Hill, 
which Mr. Barrett had built for his use. In 1794, by advice 
of that discerning friend, he removed to Boston, and en- 
tered upon a quarter-century of eminently successful com- 
mercial activity in that city, accumulating a fortune reck- 
oned among the largest of those earlier days, and maintaining 
in all things a spotless reputation. Near the close of his life 
he declared that Mr. Barrett's confidence and aid were the 
origin of his wealth; and he gave form to his grateful 
appreciation in gifts to the descendants of his thus avowed 
benefactor amounting to $10,000. He retired from active 
business about 1820, and for more than thirty years his 
useful life was occupied with worthy interests of the city 
and the bestowal of discriminating assistance upon deserv- 
ing benevolences. His estate, according to the estimate of 
his will, amounted to almost $1,000,000, of which $200,000 
were bequeathed to "Scientific, literary, religious and chari- 
table purposes" at the discretion of his executors. In the 
history of the Academy, previously given in this volume, 
it is shown how he probably saved its life at the time of a 
serious crisis, and also gave later aid commemorated by its 
assumption of his name. 

6. iv. Aaron, b. Aug. 6, 1768; d. Keene, June 20, 1852; m. (1) Nov. 

17, 1799, Eunice Adams (W. 25) ; (2) Keziah, dau. of 
Nathan Bixby of Keene [b. about 1798; d. June 4, 1870]. 
He was a successful merchant in Dublin, but in 1814 he 
removed to Keene, where he continued his business as a 
general merchant, and also was interested in a glass factory. 
He was one of the largest tax-payers of the town. 

7. V. Dolly, b. Sept. 6, 1770; d. Jan. 16, 1859; m. Dec. 29, 1799, 

David, son of David and Susannah (Ralph) Everett of 
Princeton, Mass. [b. 1769; d. Dec. 21, 1813]. Mr. Everett 
was not a son of New Ipswich, but Dea. Benjamin Adams 
(W. 2) was his stepfather, and Maj. Benjamin Adams 
(W. 22) was his brother-in-law, which facts, together with 
his preparation for college at New Ipswich Academy and 
his marriage, made him a citizen of the town in spirit, and 
his widow's long residence in town after his death seems 
to give his life a place which demands recognition. He 
graduated from Dartmouth College in 1795 and afterward 
resided in Boston, except for a few years in Amherst, N. H., 
and a few months in Marietta, O., where he died. He was 
in practice as a lawyer, but was also largely occupied with 
political and literary activities, being connected with several 
newspapers and also publishing works from his pen as di- 
verse as dramas and theological essays, all showing good 
mental power and exceptional adaptive ability. But nothing 
from his pen is likely to be remembered longer than the 
lines beginning 


History of New Ipswich 

"You'd scarce expect one of my age 
To speak in public on the stage," 

which he wrote while teaching in New Ipswich, during his 
preparation for college, to be spoken by Ephraim H. Farrar 
(17), then a lad of seven years, at an exhibition of his 
school. Mrs. Everett returned to New Ipswich after her 
husband's death, and lived in the house a little below the 
central burying-ground which she bequeathed to the Congre- 
gational church for a parsonage. 

8. vi. Moses, b. Mar. 17, 1773.+ 

9. vii. Mary, b. June 22, 1775; d. Dec. 16, 1853; m. Oct. 3, 1809, 

Joseph Barrett (2). 

10. viii. Ebenezer, b. Oct. 17, 1777; d. July 7, 1780. 

11. ix. Nathan, b. Oct. 6, 1779.+ 

12. X. Emily, b. Nov. 7, 1781; d. Burlington, Vt., June 4, 1809; m. 

Nov. 6, 1804, Moses Jewett [d. Columbus, O., Aug. 12, 

13. xi. Eben, b. June 7, 1784.+ 

14. xii. Emma, b. Apr. 14, 1787; d. Dec. 30, 1791. 

2. Francis^ (Isaac*, Isaac^, Samuel^, SamueF), bapt. Mar. 
25, 1733; d. Jan. 29, 1816; m. May 5, 1758, Elizabeth Hubbard 
of Ipswich [d. Nov. 7, 1815]. He came to New Ipswich a 
little before 1770 and settled on the lot next northeast of that 
of his brother, N. D., 38, where he lived quietly, scarcely en- 
tering any public activities, although he enlisted at least once 
in the Revolutionary service, and was present at the surren- 
der of Burgoyne. But his son also had a part in the contest, 
so that it is uncertain who is designated by the common name 
upon the company rolls. Children — born in Ipswich with 
the exception of the youngest : 

15. i. Francis, b. May 28, 1759.+ 

16. ii. Isaac, b. Jan. 14, 1761.-f 

17. iii. John, b. Mar. 28, 1763.+ 

18. iv. Mary, b. 1764; d. New Ipswich, 1820. 

19. V. Elizabeth, b. 1767; d. New Ipswich, Nov. 27, 1850. 

20. vi. Jesse, b. Nov. 17, 1772.-f 

3. Isaac'' (Isaac^ Isaac*, Isaac^, SamueP, SamueP), b. 
June 6, 1762; d. Dublin, N. H., Aug. 19, 1853; ni. Dec. 9, 1788, 
Sarah, dau. of Ebenezer Twitchell of Dublin. Children — all 
born in Dublin : 

21. i. Sarah, b. Mar. 5, 1790; m. James B. Todd of Byron, N. Y. 

22. ii. Joseph, b. Dec. 5, 1791.+ 

23. iii. Emily, b. May 15, 1794; d. Sept. 9, 1842; m. June 9, 1825, 

Samuel Estabrook. 

24. iv. David, b. July 16, 1796; d. Mar., 1870. 











25. V. Mary, b. Mar. 12, 1800; m. (1) Jan. 30, 1823, Cyrus B. Davis- 

(2) Mar. 10, 1853, Asa Holt of Ashby. 

26. vi. Samuel, b. July 12, 1803.+ 

27. vii. Isaac, b. Feb. 21, 1806; d. Nov. 26, 1827. 

28. viii. Harriet, b. Dec. 1, 1811; m. May 27, 1844, Rev. Henry A. 

Kendall of Dublin. 

8. MosES^ (Isaac^ Isaac*, Isaac^ SamueP, SamueP), b. 
Mar. 17. 1773; d. Waterville. Me., May 5. 1849; m. 1801. Ann 
Clark [d. Jan. 4, 1864]. Children— all born at Waterville: 

29. i. Ann Louisa, b. Sept. 26, 1802; m. May, 1826, Samuel Wells 

of Portland, Me. 
Samuel, b. Sept. 30, 1803. 
Mary Jane, b. Dec. 14, 1805 ; m. June 22, 1830, Samuel Plasted 

of Waterville. 
George Alfred, b. June 15, 1809; d. Nov. 5, 1811. 
Moses Larke, b. Feb. 3, 1811.-)- 

11. Nathan^ (Isaac'^, Isaac*, Isaac^, SamueP, Samuel^), b. 
Oct. 6, 1779; d. July 14, 1861; m. (1) Apr. 13, 1806, Maria 
Theresa, dau. of Thomas Gold of Pittsfield. Mass. [b. Nov. 
8. 1786; d. Feb. 10, 1833] ; (2) Jan. 8, 1839, Harriot C, dau. of 
Jesse Sumner of Boston [d. Oct. 10, 1867]. Children — all 
born at Boston : 

34. i. Thomas Gold, b. Mar. 31, 1812. 

35. ii. Mary, b. Oct. 18, 1813 ; m. Dec. 26, 1839, Robert James Mack- 

intosh of London. 

Charles Sedgwick, b. Oct. 9, 1815 ; d. Oct. 25, 1835. 

Frances Elizabeth, b. Oct. 6, 1817; d. July 10, 1861; m. July 
13, 1843, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow of Cambridge. 

George William, b. Oct. 1, 1826; d. May 25, 1827. 

William Sumner, b. Jan. 11, 1840.-f 

Harriot, b. Nov. 16, 1841; m. Nov. 17, 1863, Greely Steven- 
son Curtis of Boston. 

41. viii. Nathan, b. Feb. 2, 1843. 

13. Eben" (Isaac^, Isaac*, Isaac^, SamueP, SamueP), b. 
June 7, 1784; d. Lowell, Apr. 29, 1833; m. Oct. 12, 1809, Sarah 
Patterson [d. July 12, 1837]. Children: 

42. i. Sarah, b. Liverpool, Eng., July 12, 1810; d. June 5, 1837. 

43. ii. Samuel, b. London, Eng., Dec. 26, 1811.-(- 

44. iii. William Stuart, b. Cambridge, June 1, 1814.-|- 

45. iv. Caroline Francis, b. London, Eng., Aug. 27, 1817; m. Dec. 

17, 1844, Samuel Blatchford of Auburn, N. Y. 

15. Francis® (Francis^, Isaac*, Isaac^, SamueP, SamueP), 
b. May 28, 1759; d. Dublin, July 16, 1849; m. June 2, 1789, 
Mary, dau. of Noah Ripley of Barre [d. Aug. 2, 1840]. He 
served under Capts. Briant, Stephen Parker, and Fletcher in 












History of New Ipswich 

the earlier years of the Revolution, unless, as has been earlier 
suggested, a part of this service should be credited to his 
father. In 1779 he removed to Dublin, where he passed the 
remaining 70 years of his life, and where he was a deacon 
for 36 years. Children — all born at Dublin: 

46. i. An infant, b. Mar. 9, 1790; d. Mar. 10, 1790. 

47. ii. Mary, b. Sept. 22, 1792; m. Feb. 16, 1813, Jonathan Warren 

of Dublin. 

48. iii. Elizabeth, b. Feb. 12, 1795; d. Sept. 11, 1798. 

49. iv. Ashley, b. Dec. 23, 1796.+ 

50. V. Francis Oilman, b. Feb. 24, 1799.+ 

51. vi. Eliza Ann, b. May 28, 1801; d. July 19, 1840; m. Dec. 31, 

1823, John Gould (32). 

52. vii. Serena, b. June 1, 1804; m. June 28, 1832, Thaddeus Morse of 


53. viii. Sophia, b. Nov. 15, 1806; m. Apr. 19, 1832, Thomas Fisk of 


54. ix. Jesse Ripley, b. Apr. 25, 1809.+ 

16. Isaac*' (Francis^ Isaac*, Isaac^, SamueP, Samuel^), b. 
Jan. 14, 1761; d. Aug. 27, 1838; m. June 2, 1791, Hepzibah 
Foster (8). He lived at the north end of Smith Village, S. R., 
X: 3. His house was the first upon the right hand side of the 
road from the Center Village, but it now occupies the second 
place on the same side of the road, Capt. Nutting, who oc- 
cupied the place for many years, having moved it down the 
hill about 1850, and built the present house upon the site of 
the Appleton house, and another house having been erected 
still nearer the Center Village. Children — born in New 
Ipswich : 

55. i. Isaac H. 

56. ii. Emily, b. 1800; d. Boston, Dec, 1866; m. May 23, 1850, Joseph 

Noyes of Boston. 

17. John*' (Francis^ Isaac*, Isaac^ SamueP, Samuel^), b. 
Mar. 28, 1763; d. Feb. 16, 1849; m. Elizabeth, dau. of Ephraim 
Peabody of Wilton [d. Oct. 28, 1809]. He succeeded to the 
occupancy of his father's farm. Children — born in New 
Ipswich : 

57. i. John, b. July 12, 1804.+ 

58. ii. Elvira, b. Apr. 6, 1807; d. Apr. 24, 1852; m. June 3, 1830, 

George C. Gibson (3). 

20. Jesse*' (Francis^ Isaac*, Isaac^, SamueP, SamueP), b. 
Nov. 17, 1772; d. Brunswick, Me., Nov. 12, 1819; m. Apr. 25, 
1800, Elizabeth, dau. of Robert Means of Amherst, N. H. [d. 



Boston, Oct. 29, 1844]. He prepared for college in the acad- 
emy while at home, and graduated from Dartmouth College 
in 1792. He then taught for two years in Dover and in 
Amherst, studied theology, and began to preach at the age 
of twenty-three, and two years later was ordained at Hampton, 
N. H. After ten years he left that post to accept the presi- 
dency of Bowdoin College, which he held until his death, per- 
forming not only the duties especially appropriate to that 
office, but also, as was necessarily the custom at that time, 
giving instruction to a very considerable extent. As a 
preacher, as a teacher, and as an executive officer he was 
eminently successful, and his personal relations with the stu- 
dents were exceptionally kind and valuable. He received from 
his Alma Mater and also from Harvard the Doctor's degree 
in Divinity. Children — the earlier three born at Hampton 
and the later at Brunswick : 

59. i. Mary Means, b. Oct. 27, 1801; m. May, 1832, John Aiken of 


60. ii. Elizabeth Frances, b. Apr. 22, 1804; d. June 2, 1839; m. May 

24, 1827, Alpheus Spring Packard of Brunswick. 

61. iii. Jane Means, b. Mar. 12, 1806; d. Dec. 2, 1863; m. Nov., 1834, 

Franklin Pierce, afterward President of the United States. 

62. iv. William, b. Nov. 7, 1808; d. Cincinnati, O., Oct. 19, 1830. 

63. V. Robert, b. Dec. 4, 1810. 

64. vi. John, b. Aug. 4, 1814; d. Oct. 19, 1817. 

22. Joseph^ (Isaac®, Isaac^ Isaac*, Isaac^, SamueP, Sam- 
ueP), b. Dec. 5, 1791 ; d. May 9, 1840; m. Mar. 24, 1818, Han- 
nah, dau. of Elisha Knowlton of Dublin who m. (2) Jan. 23, 
1844, Oliver Barrett of New Ipswich. Children : 

65. i. Joseph B., b. New Ipswich, Mar. 9, 1819; m. Sept. 18, 1844, 

Abby H. Hunt. 

66. ii. Mary Theresia Gold, b. New Ipswich, Oct. 20, 1820; m. Apr. 

20, 1843, Edward F. Preston (SO). 

67. iii. Isaac Henry Clay, b. New Ipswich, July 20, 1827; d. Mar. 

28, 1830. 

68. iv. H. Celestia, d. 1859; m. June 26, 1848, N. Oilman Bagley [b. 

Candia, N. H., July 19, 1813; d. Aug. 6, 1909]. Res. in 
Sharon. Children: i. David Bagley. ii. Mary Celestia 

69. v. Henry Clay, b. 1835; d. Feb. 25, 1837. 

70. vi. Eugene, b. about 1838; d. Mar. 11, 1874. 

26. Samuel^ (Isaac®, Isaac^ Isaac*. Isaac^ SamueF, Sam- 
ueP), b. July 12, 1803; d. June 20, 1830; m. Mar. 20, 1827, 


History of New Ipswich 

Emily, dau. of Joseph Hayward of Dublin, who m. (2) June 
5, 1833, Calvin Aiken of Francestown. Child : 

71. i. Mary Jane, m. Farr of Portland, Me. 

33. Moses Larke^ (Moses^, Isaac^ Isaac*, Isaac^ SamueP, 
SamueP), b. Feb. 3, 1811; d. Bangor, Me., Sept. 25, 1859; m. 
Mar., 1835, Jane Sophia, dau. of Thomas A. Hill of Bangor, 
Me. Children : 

72. i. Edward Larke, b. Sept. 8, 1839; d. Boston, Oct. 25, 1868. 

73. ii. Francis E., b. 1841. 

74. iii. Alice G. 

75. iv. Margaret, b. 1855. 

39. William Sumner'^ (Nathan^, Isaac^, Isaac*, Isaac^, 
Samuel-, SamueP), b. Jan. 11, 1840; d. Apr. 28, 1903; m. Berne, 
Switzerland, Aug. 12, 1871, Edith Stuart Appleton (92). Chil- 
dren : 

76. i. Eleanor Armistead, b. Paris, France, May 11, 1872; m. Apr. 

12, 1904, Maj. Robert Hargreave Eraser Standen [b. in India, 
July 2, 1871]. She resides in Ireland. Children: i. Edith 
Appleton Standen, b. Halifax, N. S., Feb. 21, 1905. ii. 
Anthony Standen, h. Temple Ewell, Kent, Eng., Sept. 9, 
1906. iii. Marjorie Standen, b. Temple Ewell, Kent, Eng., 
Oct. 20, 1907. 

77. ii. William Sumner, b. May 29, 1874. 

78. iii. Marjorie Crane, b. May 19, 1875; d. Nov. 19, 1913. 

79. iv. Dorothy Everard, b. Jan. 10, 1878; m. Dec. 8, 1904, George 

Francis Weld [b. Apr. 22, 1866]. Res. Santa Barbara, Cal. 
Children: i. Dorothy Weld, b. Jan. 31, 1906. ii. Anna Weld, 
b. July 26, 1908. iii. George Francis Weld, b. Nov. 4, 1910. 
iv. Sumner Appleton Weld, b. June 24, 1912. 

80. V. Gladys Hughes, b. Nov. 22, 1881. 

43. Samuel^ (Eben^, Isaac^, Isaac*, Isaac^, SamueP, Sam- 
ueP), b. Dec. 26, 1811 ; d. June 4, 1861 ; m. (1) London, Eng., 
Sept. 24, 1839, Julia, dau. Daniel Webster of Marshfield, Mass. 
[d. Boston, Apr. 28, 1848] ; (2) July 28, 1857, Mary Ann 
Whiting [d. Oct. 27, 1870]. Children — all born at Boston: 

81. i. Caroline LeRoy, b. Oct. 3, 1840; d. Nov. 19, 1911; m. (1) 

Newbold Edgar of New York [d. Ems, Germany, July 26, 
1869] ; (2) Newport, R. I., Sept. 7, 1871, Jerome Napoleon 

82. ii. Samuel, b. Nov. 25, 1841; m. (1) Philadelphia, June 22. 1863, 

Mary Ernestine, dau. of J. J. Abercrombie of the U. S. 
Army [d. Aug. 27, 1869] ; (2) Oct. 9, 1872, Anna Maybin 
Jones of Southboro, Mass. 

83. iii. Julia Fletcher, b. Feb. 8, 1844; m. Apr. 12, 1871, Walker 

Keith Armistead of New York. 



84. iv. Daniel Webster, b. May 6, 1845 ; d. Boston, May 23, 1872 ; m. 

Mary Freeman of Ayer, Mass. 

85. V. Mary Constance, b. Feb. 7, 1848; d. Mar. 15. 1849. 

44. William Stuart^ (Eben", Isaac^ Isaac*, Isaac', Sam- 
uel-, SamueP), b. June 1, 1814; m. Nov. 27, 1838, Georgiana 
Louisa Frances, dau. of George Armistead of the U. S. Army. 
Children — all born at Baltimore: 

86. i. Louise Armistead, b. Dec. 6, 1839; m. Berlin, Prussia, Oct. 15, 

1871, Frederick Irving Knight of Boston. 
Sarah Paterson, b. Nov. 2, 1840; d. Aug. 4, 1841. 
William Stuart, b. Nov. 1, 1841 ; d. Jan. 6, 1845. 
George Armistead, b. Aug. 11, 1843. 
Eben, b. Aug. 19, 1845 ; m. Nov. 24, 1868, Isabel, dau. of John 

Slade of New York. 
Georgiana Louise Frances Gillis Armistead, b. July 15, 1847; 

m. Sept. 2, 1869, George M. Hunter of Wilmington, Del. 
Edith Stuart, b. June 11, 1849; d. Jan. 19, 1892; m. Berne, 

Switzerland, Aug. 12, 1871, William Sumner Appleton (39). 
Margaret Armistead, b. Feb. 19, 1851; m. Feb. 23, 1871, 

George Livingston Baker of Boston. 
Caroline Frances, b. July 4, 1853; d. Sept. 21, 1857. 
Alice Maud, b. Sept. 24, 1859. 

49. Ashley^ (Francis*^, Francis^, Isaac*, Isaac^, Samuel^, 
SamueP), b. Dec. 23, 1796; m. Jan. 27, 1823, Nancy, dau. of 
Thaddeus Metcalf of Keene. Children — born at Granby, Vt. : 

96. i. George Ashley, b. Nov. 23, 1823; m. May 11, 1851, Fanny 

Reed, dau. of Rev. John Wooster of Granby. 

97. ii. Francis Gilman, b. June 15, 1825 ; d. Apr. 27, 1849. 

98. iii. Nancy Metcalf, b. Oct. 26, 1831 ; m. June 20, 1855, Oliver L. 

Richardson of Atlanta, Ga. 

50. Francis Gilman^ (Francis**, Francis^, Isaac*, Isaac^, 
Samuel-, SamueF), b. Feb. 24, 1799; m. Sept. 29, 1825, Mary, 
dau. of Joseph Haywood of Dublin. Children — born at Troy, 
N. Y.: 



















99. i. 

Alfred Curtis. 

00. ii. 

Mary Elizabeth, 

.01. iii. 


54. Jesse Ripley^ (Francis**, Francis^, Isaac*, Isaac^, Sam- 
ueP, SamueF), b. Apr. 25, 1809; m. (1) Apr. 13, 1841, Louisa, 
dau. of Thaddeus Mason of Dublin [d. Nov. 3, 1844] ; (2) 
Mar. 11. 1852, Abbie Sophia, dau. of Calvin Mason of Dublin. 
Children — born at Dublin: 

102. i. Ellen Rebecca, b. Nov. 30, 1853; d. Sept. 14, 1859. 

103. ii. Charles Francis, b. Apr. 6, 1856. 


History of New Ipswich 

57. JoHN^ (John", Francis^, Isaac*, Isaac^, SaniueF, Sam- 
ueF), b. July 12, 1804; d. Feb. 7, 1891 ; m. Feb. 6, 1834, Sarah, 
dau. of Hon. Samuel Allen of Northfield, Mass. He prepared 
for college at New Ipswich Academy, entered Bowdoin Col- 
lege at the age of fourteen, and graduated in 1822. He was a 
teacher for a brief period after graduation, then entered upon 
the study of the law, and when only twenty-two years old 
was admitted to the bar at Amherst. His life thereafter was 
spent in Maine, at first at Dixmont, later at Sebec, and after 
1832 at Bangor, where he was for many years one of the lead- 
ing practitioners of the state. In 1852 he was appointed a 
justice of the Supreme Judicial Court, and ten years later 
became chief justice of the Supreme Court, which position he 
held for a period of 21 years. He paid special attention to the 
law of evidence, and his published writings in that field had 
great influence for the removal, in both state and national 
courts, of the former legal disability of parties to a suit, either 
civil or criminal, to be heard as witnesses. He was a trustee 
of his Alma Mater, from which he received the degree of 
LL. D. in 1860. Children : 

104. i. John Francis, b. Aug. 29, 1838; d. Aug. 21, 1870. He graduated 

from Bowdoin College in 1860. He was brevet brigadier- 
general in United States Volunteers, and held the position 
of United States District Judge in the Eastern District of 

105. ii. Sarah Peabody, b. July 2, 1841 ; d. Jan. 24, 1844. 

106. iii. Frederic Hunt, b. Jan. 14, 1844; m. Feb. 18, 1892, Mary Allie 

Gibson (20). He graduated from Bowdoin College in 
1864, and received the degree of LL. D. He was a lawyer 
at Bangor, Me. 

107. iv. Edward Peabody, b. June 11, 1846; d. July 6, 1869. 

108. V. Henry Allen, b. Jan. 7, 1849; d. 1903. 


Michael' Bacon, d. Apr. 18, 1648; m. Alice [d. Apr. 2, 1648]. 

He came to New England, probably from Suffolk county, England, in 
1640, and was one of the early settlers at Dedham, Mass. 

Daniel^ (Michael^), probably b. in England; d. Sept. 7, 1691; m. 
Bridgewater, Mass., Mary, dau. of Thomas Reed of Colchester, Essex 
county, Eng. [d. Oct. 5, 1691]. Res. successively at Dedham, Woburn, 
Bridgewater, and Newton, in which last town he died. 

Daniel" (DanieP, Michael'), probably b. at Bridgewater; m. Aug. 1, 
1664, Susanna, dau. of Michael Spencer of Salem. He lived at Boxford 
in 1660, but removed to Salem, where he was a shipwright in 1664. 

Michael* (DanieP, Daniel", Michael'), b. Salem, Oct. 23, 1676; m. 

Margaret . Res. at Salem. 



1. Retire^ (Michael*, Dan^el^ Daniel-, MichaeP), bapt. 
Salem, Apr. 17, 1720; m. (1) Boxford, Mass., Apr. 14, 1741, 
Mary, dau. of Jacob and Hannah (Goodline) Hale [b. Feb. 
25, 1722; d. about 1762]; (2) Rowley, Mass., Aug. 27, 1764, 
Margfaret Burnham of Ipswich, Mass., who died in 1808, at 
which time it was said she was 100 years, 5 months, and 21 
days of age, and had "drank nothing stronger than small beer 
for fourteen years before her death." He probably lived in 
Boxford, Mass., until after his second marriage, and he ren- 
dered military service in 1758, but in May, 1771, he came from 
Ipswich, Mass., to New Ipswich, and his name appears on 
the tax list until 1787. He lived on the southern part of XI: 
1, S. R., on the old "malt-house road" not far from the present 
road from Hodgkins corner to Davis Village. He also had 
a large tract of land in Sharon, and perhaps he occupied it 
for a few years before making his home in New Ipswich. 
Children : 

2. i. Hannah, bapt. Apr. 22, 1744. 

3. ii. Susanna, bapt. May 27, 1744; d. young. 

4. iii. Sarah, bapt. Jan. 25, 1747; d. young. 

5. iv. Sarah, bapt. Nov. 6, 1748. 

6. V. Jacob, bapt. Feb. 17, 1751. 

7. vi. Susanna, bapt. July 17, 1757. 

8. vii. Molly, bapt. Oct. 8, 1758. 

9. viii. Hetty, bapt. May 23, 1762. 


John* Balch, d. Salem, Mass., 1648; m. (1) Margery ; (2) 

Agnes (or Annis) Patch. He came from Somersetshire, England, in 
1623, landing at Weymouth. He settled at Salem, and was made freeman 
in 1631, the earliest date of such action. In 1638 he built a house in the 
region which is now Beverly, which house is still standing and in the 
possession of the family. He was one of the first board of selectmen. 

Benjamin^ (John*), b. of first marriage in winter of 1628/9; d. after 
Jan., 1714/5; m. (1) about 1650, Sarah, dau. of Thomas Gardner [d. Apr. 
5, 1686] ; (2) Feb. 5, 1689, Abigail, widow of Matthew Clarke of Marble- 
head, Mass. [b. about 1635 ; d. June 1, 1690] ; (3) Mar. 15, 1691/2, Grace 
Mallet [d. before 1704]. Res. in the family home. 

John' (Beniamin^ John*), b. July 18, 1657; d. Nov. 19, 1738; m. 
Dec. 23, 1674, Hannah, dau. of Philip and Joanna Veren [b. 1655]. He 
was a carpenter and farmer on the ancestral farm. He was selectman, 
representative, and a lieutenant. 

David* (John^ Benjamin^ John*), b. Oct. 1, 1691; d. Topsfield, Mass., 
Sept. 25, 1769; m. (1) Apr. 29, 1713, Hannah, dau. of Thomas and Sarah 
(Wallis) Perkins [b. Feb. 10, 1692/3; d. Jan. 1, 1747/8]; (2) Nov. 14, 


History of New Ipswich 

1752, Esther, dau. of Thomas and Mary (Perkins) Dwinel of Topsfield 
[b. May 1, 1720; d. Jan. 13, 1815/6]. Res. in Topsfield. 

John' (David\ John^ Benjamin^ John'), b. Nov. 2, 1716; d. Dec. 
31, 1774; m. June 17, 1740, Rebecca, dau. of Samuel and Rebecca (Curtis) 
Smith [b. about 1714; d. Mar. 1, 1794]. He was a tanner and currier 
in Topsfield. 

Robert" (John', David', John', Benjamin', John'), bapt. July 28, 1745; 
d. Aug. 3, 1830; m. Nov. 28, 1769, Sarah, dau. of Dea. Solomon Dodge 
fb. June, 1752; d. Mar. 16, 1822]. He was a farmer in Topsfield, but re- 
moved to New Boston, 1791. 

John' (Robert^ John', David*, John', Benjamin', John'), b. June 25, 
1779; d. June 20, 1822; m. Deborah Kenniston of Weare. He was a 
farmer at Jericho, Vt. 

John Jefferson' (John', Robert^ John', David\ John^ Benjamin^ 
John'), b. June 27, 1804; d. Mar. 10, 1879; m. Nov., 1827, Abigail J. 
Mudgett. Res. New Boston, but removed to Lyndeboro in 1862. 

1. Moses M.« (John^ John", Robert^ John^, David*, John^ 
Benjamin^ John^), b. Sunapee, Sept. 11, 1831; d. June 5, 1914; 
m. Nov. 20, 1856, Harriet Elizabeth, dau. of Asa and Polly 
(Tapley) Stiles of Wilton. After reaching the age of man- 
hood he lived five years at Weare, then in Temple until 1878, 
after which time he was a citizen of New Ipswich. He had 
previously owned and conducted a saw and grist mill, and 
despite the loss of the greater part of his right hand while 
sawing, he purchased the mill at the Gibson Village, and con- 
tinued a similar industry for ten years. His home of later 
time was the house in the Center Village upon the north side 
of the Turnpike, long the dwelling of Charles A. Whitney. 
Children : 

2. i. Anna Jane, b. Oct. 11, 1858; m. June, 1908, Frank J. Mc- 

Laughlin. Res. in Peterboro. 

3. ii. Ella Minerva, b. July 3, 1862; m. Jan. 24, 1883, Albert F. 

Walker (S. 23). 

4. iii. Abbie Louise, b. Feb. 1, 1870; m. Apr. 26, 1892, Wilbur L. 

Phelps (4). 

5. iv. Albro Leslie, (adopted) b. Jan. 8, 1878; m. June 25, 1902, 

Mary Louisa Mansfield (33). Child: i. Hasel Elizabeth, 
b. Aug. 25, 1905. 


1. JosiAH^ Ballard, b. Apr. 14, 1806; d. Dec. 12, 1863; m. 
Oct. 16, 1835, Elizabeth Dorothy, dau. of Rev. Dr. John Mil- 
ton and Abby (Morris) Whiton of Antrim, N. H. [b. Alar. 7, 
1811 ; d. Aug. 10, 1862]. He was the son of William and Mary 
(Abbot) Ballard of Peterboro, where he was born and where 



he attended the district schools until he was sixteen years of 
age, when he went to Boston and there learned the mason's 
trade, at which he labored for several years. He then entered 
the academy at Monson, Mass., fitted for college, and gradu- 
ated from Yale in 1827. After a brief period as a teacher in 
the academy at Westfield, Mass., he commenced the study of 
theology with Rev. Dr. Whiton at Antrim, was ordained in 
1835, and held pastorates at Chesterfield, Nelson, and Sudbury, 
Mass., before coming to New Ipswich in 1852 and becoming 
the first pastor of the Second Congregational church, just or- 
ganized as related on a preceding page. The unpleasant con- 
ditions then existing caused him to believe it well that he 
should sever his connection with that church a little before 
the close of his third year of earnest labor as its head, and 
he afterward served the churches in Plympton, Mass., and 
Carlisle, Mass., at which last-named place he died. To the 
end of his life there were plainly manifest the characteristics 
of an earnest, self-made man. Children : 

2. i. Edward Otis, b. Apr. 19, 1837.-1- 

3. ii. Catherine Elizabeth, b. Nelson, Apr. 9, 1840; d. Apr. 3, 

1877 ; m. Jan. 23, 1864, Emory B. Smith, a lawyer of Platts- 
burg, N. Y., and later of Boston. Res. Melrose, Mass. 
Children: i. Walton Ballard Smith, b. Sept. 24, 1866; m. 
Nov. 23, 1893, Edith Hoffnagle; res. Attleboro, Mass.; 
four children, ii. Bertha Leland Smith, b. May 12, 1868; 
m. Nov. 13, 1897, Carl Smith; res. Attleboro, Mass. iii. 
Catherine Elizabeth Smith, b. Mar. 13, 1877; unm. ; res. 
Maiden, Mass. ; she is connected with the Massachusetts 
State Board of Charities. 

2. Edward O.- (Josiah^), b. Apr. 19, 1837; m. (1) Sept. 
24, 1859, Lauretta Sophia Thayer (6) ; (2) Sept. 4, 1884, 
Katherine Agnes McConnellogue. He studied at New Ips- 
wich Appleton Academy, and in 1854 went to Boston, and has 
passed his life in mercantile and insurance industries. Res. 
Marlboro, Mass. Children : 

4. i. Herbert Edward, b. Aug. 21, 1863; d. Aug. 11, 1864. 

5. ii. Clarence Eugene, b. Oct. 9, 1866; d. Feb. 11, 1867. 

6. iii. Ettie Elizabeth, b. Aug. 9, 1869; m. June 2, 1892, Dr. Eddy 

B. Swett of Marlboro, Mass. Res. Grasmere, N. H. Six 

7. iv. Agnes Anna, b. Aug. 30, 1870; d. Oct. 15, 1870. 


History of New Ipswich 

Thomas^ Bancroft, b. England, 1622 ; d. Lynnfield, Aug. 19, 1691 ; m. 
(1) 1647, Alice Bacon who d. soon; (2) Sept. 15, 1648, Elizabeth Met- 
calf. He settled in Dedham, removed to Reading about 1650, and thence 
to Lynnfield. He was a lieutenant with record of honorable service. 

Thomas' (Thomas'), b. Dedham, Sept. 24, 1649; d. July 12, 1718; m. 
Apr. 10, 1673, Sarah, dau. of Jonathan Poole [d. May 20, 1723]. He 
removed to Reading before his marriage. He was a deacon, and also a 
lieutenant with the record of having saved the garrison at Exeter from 
an Indian assault. 

Thomas^ (Thomas^ Thomas'), b. Reading, Sept. 8, 1673; d. Nov. 9, 
1731 ; m. Aug. 1, 1694, Mary Webster. He served in the Indian wars, 
and like his father and grandfather, was a lieutenant. He was repre- 
sentative in the General Court at the time of his death. 

Benjamin^ (Thomas^ Thomas^ Thomas'), b. Reading, May 6, 1701; 
d. Apr. 3, 1790; m. Anna, dau. of John and Anna (Tarbell) Lawrence 
of Lexington [d. July 21, 1787]. He lived in Charlestown, and removed 
thence to Reading, where he was a tanner. He was a captain. 

Benjamin'* (Benjamin*, Thomas^ Thomas', Thomas'), b. Sept. 29, 
1724; d. Oct. 27, 1804; m. Oct. 18, 1749, Alice, dau. of William and Mary 
(Farnsworth) Tarbell [d. Nov. 29, 1781]. He also was a tanner in 
Groton. He was a deacon. 

Joseph® (Benjamin^ Benjamin*, Thomas^ Thomas^ Thomas'), b. July 
3, 1760; d. Townsend, Oct. 21, 1815; m. Susannah, dau. of Nathan and 
Mary (Patterson) Hubbard [d. July 17, 1825]. He was also a tanner, 
living in Groton, Lunenburg, and Townsend successively. 

1. James^ (Joseph^, Benjamin^, Benjamin*, Thomas^, 
Thomas^ Thomas^, b. Sept. 27, 1803; d. Mar. 18, 1884; m. 
(1) May 28, 1829, Sarah W., dau. of Oliver and Lucy (Welling- 
ton) Kendall [b. Mar. 3, 1810; d. Jan. 23, 1861 J ; (2) Dec, 
1865, Jemima, dau. of Emerson and jemima (Foster) Hale of 
Rindge [b. July 26, 1822; d. May 7, 1910]. He came from 
Ashby to New Ipswich about 1833, and lived in Wilder Village 
about twelve years, near the High Bridge for two years, in 
the Newhall house formerly standing at the corner near the 
town house, and in 1849 he settled at Hodgkins corner (S. R., 
X : 2,) where he lived until his removal to Rindge in 1857. He 
was a carpenter, and a man whose unfailing smile and helpful 
kindness attracted the young to the church in which he was 
a deacon, and is well remembered as conducting strangers to 
seats with a reverent, noiseless footfall along the aisle. 
Children : 

2. i. Nancy R., b. Dec. 23, 1830; d. Sept. 23, 1833. 

3. ii. Henry A., b. June 2, 1832; d. May 27, 1848. 

4. iii. Nancy R., b. Sept. 27, 1834; d. Dec. 11, 1906; m. Nov. 11, 

1852, Ivers H. Brooks (27). 



5. iv. Susan F., b. Oct. 25, 1836; d. Jan. 3, 1885; m. June 6, 1867, 

Albert Conant. Children: i. Alice Bancroft Conant, m. 
Frank Wadleigh of Milford. ii. Atm Sanborn Conant, m. 
Ernest Horton of Boston, iii. Harry li'inthrop Conant; he 
graduated from Amherst College and Harvard Law School ; 
res. in Somerville, Mass. iv. John Bancroft Conant; he 
graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
and is an electrician at Dallas, Texas. 

6. V. Cecil Franklin Patch, b. Nov. 25, 1839.+ 

7. vi. Mary H., b. Apr. 3, 1841 ; m. July 15, 1869, Thomas, son of 

John and Eleanor (Spence) Annett [b. Dec. 1, 1831; d. 
Feb. 22, 1903]. Res. East Jaffrey. Children, i. Sarah E. 
Annett. ii. Elsie C. Annett. iii. Marietta E. Annett. iv. 
Markzvell Annett. v. Cecil B. Annett. 

8. vii. Caroline, b. Oct. IS, 1842; d. Sept. 12, 1865; m. Mar. 15, 1860, 

George S., son of Williain and Ruthy (Shedd) Kimball of 
Rindge [b. Mar. 1, 1839; d. Jan. 17. 1862, at Annapolis, Md., 
where he was a member of the 6th N. H. Regt.]. Two 
children who d. young. 

9. viii. Henry A., b. Feb. 13, 1849. He lives in California. 

6. Cecil Franklin Patch* (Jamas'^, Joseph*', Benjamin^, 
Benjamin*, Thomas^, Thomas-, Thomas^), b. Nov. 25. 1839; 
d. Oct. 4, 1901 ; m. May 6, 1867, Fannie Adelia, dan. of Capt. 
Timothy Kittredge of Mt. Vernon, N. H. [b. Feb. 12. 1844; 
d. Mar. 29, 1898]. He prepared for college at New Ipswich 
Appleton Academy and graduated from Dartmouth College 
in 1860. He was principal of Appleton Academy, Mont Ver- 
non, N. H.. for four years after graduation, was a student at 
Union Theological Seminary and at Andover Theological 
Seminary for three years, graduating from the last-named in- 
stitution in 1867. principal of the Lookout Mountain Institute, 
near Chattanooga, Tenn., during its brief life of five years. In 
1873 he entered upon what may properly be termed, from its 
breadth and complete success, his life-work as principal of 
Phillips Academy at Andover, Mass., where he labored until 
he met his death, as he often said he desired, "in the harness." 
His entire life was by no means included in his professional 
work ; to an unusual extent he was identified with the busi- 
ness interests of the town and of its citizens, until he was 
termed "the first citizen of the town." He had a share in the 
management of the neighboring State Almshouse at Tewks- 
bury; his counsel was valued in the directorates of bank and 
of insurance company, and he was one of the trustees of Dart- 
mouth College, his Alma Mater. He received as honorary 
degrees Ph. D. from the State University of New York, 


History of New Ipswich 

Litt. D. from Williams College, and LL. D. from Yale Uni- 
versity. But neither these honors nor his election to the pres- 
idency of the "New England Association of Colleges and 
Preparatory Schools" testify as surely to the strength and 
breadth of his work as the practically unanimous testimony 
of the six thousand students who came under his care ; these 
give his work broader and longer power than has fallen to 
the lot of the efforts of any other native of the town. Children : 

10. i. Cecil Kittredge, b. Dec. 15, 1868. He graduated from Phil- 

lips Academy in 1886, from Yale College in 1891 ; taught at 
Morristown, N. J., for two years, and after a year in Eu- 
rope and another as tutor and instructor at Yale became 
instructor and registrar at the institution so long controlled 
by his father. 

11. ii. Frances Marsh, b. Sept. 12, 1872; m. .Sept. 5, 1900, Rev. 

William Joseph Long. She graduated from Smith College 
in 1894, and taught at Andover in Abbot Academy for 
three years before her marriage. Res. in Stamford, Conn. 
Children : i. Lois Long. ii. Frances B. Long. iii. Brian 

12. iii. Arthur Kendall, b. Mar. 10, 1874; d. Aug. 9, 1880. 

13. iv. Phillips, b. Apr. 21, 1878. He graduated from Phillips Acad- 

emy in 1898, from Yale College in 1902, and has since been 
occupied by financial duties at Phillips Academy. 

14. V. Mary Ethel, b. May 22, 1882. She graduated from Smith 

College in 1904, has taught in New Haven, Conn., and in 
Abbot Academy in her native town. 


1. James^ Barr, son of George and Mary.(Whitehiir) Barr, 
of Kilbarchan, county of Renfrew, Scotland, b. Dec. 12, 1752; 
d. Mar. 7, 1829; m. 1783, Molly Cummings (12) [b. Dec. 2, 
1764; d. Feb. 23, 1845]. He came to New England when about 
21 years of age, and after traveling for a time in the new land 
settled in New Ipswich, succeeding Joseph Bullard in the 
occupancy of the lot on Knight's Hill, (II : 2, S. R.,) and be- 
ing associated with Eleazer Cummings in his malting industry, 
and in the manufacture of oatmeal, having brought from Scot- 
land a knowledge of methods of preparing and hulling the 
oats, before unknown in this land. But after the death of 
Joseph Pollard Mr. Barr removed to his farm at the end of 
the road on the east side of Page Hill, (64, N. L. O.,) which 
was his home for about forty years. The last few 3^ears of his 
life he lived on the "Warren farm" at the summit of the hill. 
Children : 208 












James, d. in infancy. 

Nancy, b. July 25, 1784; d. July 9, 1857; m. Jeremiah Prich- 

ard (17). 
Sarah, b. May 25, 1788; d. Sept. 29, 1864; m. Dr. William 

Lovejoy. Res. in West Townsend, Mass. 
James, b. May 23, 1790.+ 
George, b. Feb. 6, 1792.+ 

7. vi. Caroline Mathilda, b. Jan. 6, 1794; d. Oct. 3, 1874; m. Asa 

Prichard (22). 

8. vii. CuMMiNGS, b. May 9, 1795. + 

9. viii. RoBENA, b. Feb. 22, 1799; d. Dec. 20, 1873, unm. 

10. ix. Charlotte, b. Mar. 13, 1801; d. Aug. 27, 1842, unm. 

11. X. William, b. Feb. 7, 1803; d. West Townsend, Mass., unm. 

He left New Ipswich soon after attaining his majority. 
Res. for some years with his brother George, and in va- 
rious other places. 

12. xi. Mary Whitehill, b. Dec. 15, 1805; d. Nov. 19, 1830, unm. 

13. xii. John, b. Mar. 10, 1808.+ 

14. xiii. Esther Jane, b. Dec. 4, 1810; d. July 26, 1837, unm. 

15. xiv. Charles, d. in infancy. 

5. James2 (James^. b. May 23, 1790; d. June 6, 1845; m. 
Apr. 21, 1824, Laura Livermore (Bellows) (3). After due at- 
tendance at New Ipswich Academy he studied medicine with 
Dr. Haskell of Lunenburg, Mass., and Dr. Twitchell of Keene, 
and received his degree from Harvard Medical School in 1817. 
He then entered upon practice in his native town, and in close 
attention to his professional dtities passed his life, attaining 
high success, and continuing his desired attention to the needs 
of the sick, despite the weakness of fatal pulmonary disease, 
almost until the end. Children : 

16. i. Mary Hartwell, b. Jan. 16, 1825; d. May 27, 1893; m. July 

14, 1843, Samuel T. Ames (E. 1). 

17. ii. Sarah Jane, b. July 11, 1827. + 

18. iii. George Lyman, b. Mar. 12, 1830.+ 

19. iv. James Walter, b. June 7, 1833; d. Apr. 19, 1834. 

20. V. Caroline Frances, b. Feb. Zl, 1835; resides in New Ipswich 

in the former home of her great-grandfather, Ephraim 

21. vi. James Henry, b. Sept. 16, 1837; d. Sept. 19, 1838. 

22. vii. Ellen Maria, b. Nov. 10, 1840; d. Feb. 7, 1895. She was a 

teacher in the high school of Medford, Mass., for some 
years and then established in Boston a successful private 
school for girls. Her later years were largely occupied in 

6. George^ (James^), b. Feb. 6, 1792; m. June 12, 1828, 

Amelia Ames (D. 4). He removed to New York State. 

Children : 



History of New Ipswich 

23. i. Sarah. 

24. ii. Caroline. 

25. iii. George. 

One or more others. 

8. CuMMiNGS^ (James^), b. May 9, 1795; d. 1854; m. Eliza, 
dau. of Nathaniel, Jr., and Ruth (Eliot) Peabody of Middle- 
ton, Mass. He went to Lowell, Mass., in his early manhood. 
He was an engineer in the fire department of the city for a 
time, and was a contractor in canal work, etc. Children : 

26. i. Eliza Jane, b. 1829; d. 1881; m. Charles Cheney of Man- 

chester. Children : i. Evelyn Cheney, b. 1854 ; d. 1878 ; m. 
Franklyn P. Johnson ; two children, ii. Myra Cheney, b. 
1859; m. Charles Dougan ; one son. iii. Maud Cheney, h. 
1870; m. Morris C. Austin of Goffstown ; two children. 

27. ii. Ellen Maria, b. 1833; d. in infancy. 

28. iii. George Cummings, b. 1834; d. 1896; m. 1868 Mary Frances, 

dau. of John and Mary (Bean) Brown [d. 1906]. He lived 
in Manchester after 1852. Child : i. Florence Goodwin, 
b. 1881. 

29. iv. Ellen, b. 1837; d. in infancy. 

30. V. John Mortimer, b. 1840; d. 1842. 

13. John- (James^), b. Mar. 10, 1808; m. . He left 

New Ipswich in early manhood, going to Gouverneur, N. Y. 
Children : 

31. i. John. He enlisted in the Civil War, and was killed at Fort 


32. ii. Moses. 

There were several other children. 

17. Sarah Jane^ (James^, James^), b. July 11, 1827; d. 
Feb. 5, 1897; m. Mar. 15, 1847, Sanford B. Perry [d. Sept. 
12, 1884]. Children: 

i. Frederic, Barr Perry, b. May 7, 1848; d. Feb. 3. 1908; m. 
Oct. 18, 1881, Sarah A. Proctor [d. May 28, 1914]. Chil- 
dren: i. Helen C. Perry, b. August 10, 1882; m. Francis 
B. Reynolds; one son. ii. Sarah Barr Perry, h. Nov. 2, 
1884; m. Bryan Bell. iii. Bertha Perry, b. July 6, 1889; d. 

ii. William Nelson Perry, b. March 9, 1852; d. Nov. 21, 1899; 
m. Feb. 15, 1884, Laura O. Barker. Children: i. Ruth 
Barker Perry, b. Jan. 29, 1885; m. Edmund F. Saxton. 
ii. Elsie Barr Perry, b. Jan. 6, 1888; m. Harold M. Nichols, 
iii. George Sanford Perry, b. Nov. 6, 1889. 

iii. George Barnum, b. Apr. 12, 1861; m. May 24, 1899, Helena S. 
Lewandowska. Is a dentist in Chicago. 

18. George Lyman^ (James^ James^), b. Mar. 12, 1830; 
d. Apr. 1, 1877; m. Nov. 20, 1851, Elizabeth Maria, dau. of 
Daniel and Elizabeth (Crocker) Lawrence [b. Medford, Mass., 



Aug. 5, 1835; m. (2) Apr. 21, 1880, George Robert, son of 
George and Frances (Ames) Barrett (19)]. He early entered 
business life as a clerk in a dry goods store at Boston, but 
soon undertook a similar business for himself, and in a few 
years became a member of a large distilling firm at Medford, 
Mass. He retired from active business in 1867, and divided 
his time between city matters (having control of its fire de- 
partment for several years), and historic antiquarian pursuits, 
the collection of rare books, coins, etc. Children : 

33. i. Elizabeth Lawrence, b. Mar. 3, 1854; m. 1880, Eugene A., 

son of Jean Baptiste and Madeline (Nehr) Kayser. Res. 
Newton, Cambridge, and Boston. Children : i. Paul James 
Barr Kayser, h. Nov., 1881. ii. Robert Barr Kayser, h. 
Oct. 25, 1889. iii. George Barr Kayser, b. Jan. 15, 1891. iv. 
Elisabeth Barr Kayser, b. July IS, 1897. 

34. ii. Laura Maria, b. July 22, 1859; unm. Res. Boston. 

35. iii. Caroline Hartwell, b. Nov. 13, 1864; m. Apr. 20, 1897, 

Winthrop Rowland Wade of Boston. Res. Dedham, Mass. 
Child : i. Winthrop Howlattd Wade, b. Feb. 18, 1898. 

36. iv. James Cummings, b. Mar. 15, 1867.+ 

37. V. Daniel Lawrence, b. Nov. 17, 1869; m. Sept. 23, 1908, Mrs. 

Morrison Eggers of Pittsburg, Pa. He graduated from 
Harvard College in 1896, and later from the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology. He is an electrical engineer in 
Pittsburg, Pa. 

36. James Cummings* (George Lyman^, James-, James^), 
b. Mar. 15, 1867; m. (1) Nov. 5, 1890, Sally, dau. of George 
Gordon and Helen (Devens) Crocker of Taunton, Mass.; (2) 
June 1, 1910, Lalla (Griffith) Fairfield, dau. of Collin McLeod 
and Frances (Chandler) Griffith [b. St. Albans, W. Va., Jan. 
17, 1873]. He graduated from Harvard College in 1890, and 
upon graduation entered the scientific study of electricity with 
the Thomson-Houston Company, in connection with which he 
held very responsible positions in relation to the application 
of electricity to coal mining. In later years he has been en- 
gaged in the railway supply business at Boston. For several 
years he held commission in the Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia, is prominent in the recent work in aviation, and is a 
member of leading clubs in Boston, New York, and Washing- 
ton, Children : 

39. i. Helen, b. July 29, 1891. 

40. ii. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 14, 1893. 

41. iii. James Cummings, b. Mar. 3, 1898. 


History of New Ipswich 

John Barr, who lived for a time in the house opposite the 
Barrett mansion and elsewhere, was apparently of a different 
family from the one here given. 


Humphrey* Barrett, b. 1592; d. Nov. 7, 1662; m. Mary [d. Aug. 

15, 1663]. He is believed to have come from County Kent, England. He 
settled at Concord in 1639, where he had a farm of three hundred acres 
and a "house lot" of twelve acres near the centre of the town. 

Humphrey- (Humphrey'), b. England, 1630; d. Jan. 3, 1715/6; m. 
July 16, 1661, Elizabeth Paine [d. Dec. 21, 1674] ; (2) Mar. 23, 1674/5, 
Mary, dau. of Luke and Mary (Edmunds) Potter [b. 1656; d. Nov. 17, 
1713]. He was a deacon in the Concord church, ensign in the foot com- 
pany, and represented the town in the General Court in 1691. 

Joseph^ (Humphrey', Humphrey'), b. Jan. 31, 1679; d. Apr. 4, 1763; 
m. Dec. 24, 1701, Rebecca, dau. of James and Rebecca (Wheeler) Minott 
[b. Feb. 9, 1685; d. June 23, 1738]. He was town treasurer, and also 
captain of the foot company. He was one of the original grantees of 

Benjamin' (Humphrey', Humphrey'), b. May 7, 1681; d. Oct. 25, 
1728; m. Jan. 3, 1704/5, Lydia, dau. of James and Rebecca (Wheeler) 
Minott [b. Mar. 12, 1686/7]. Like his brother, he was a farmer and 
general business man, and one of the original grantees of Grafton. 

John' (Joseph', Humphrey', Humphrey'), b. Feb. 14, 1719/20; d. 
Apr. 19, 1790; m. 1744, Lois, dau. of Joshua and Lydia (Wheeler) Brooks 
[b. June 29, 1723; d. Apr. 12, 1805]. He was in service at the North 
Bridge Apr. 19, 1775. 

Thomas* (Benjamin', Humphrey', Humphrey'), b. Oct. 2, 1707; d. 
June 20, 1779; m. about 1730, Mary, dau. of Samuel and Ruth (Brown) 
Jones [b. Mar. 23, 1715; d. Jan. 30, 1804]. He was a prominent business 
man of Concord and a deacon. Col. James Barrett, commander of the 
Provincial troops in the "Concord fight," was his younger brother. 

Joseph^ (John\ Joseph', Humphrey', Humphre/), b. Jan. 5, 1745; d. 
Dec. 20, 1831; m. Sarah, dau. of John and Lucy Brooks. He removed 
to Mason in his early manhood, and settled upon the farm which has 
descended to successive generations of Barretts. He held all the more 
important town offices, and represented the town in the Legislature for 
several years. His inherited military traits are shown by his title of 

1. Charles^ (Thomas*, Benjamin^, Humphrey^, Hum- 
phreyi), b. Jan. 13, 1739/40; d. Sept. 21, 1808; m. 1764, Re- 
becca, dau. of Samuel and Dorcas (Prescott) Minott [b. Jan. 
14, 1744; d. 1838; m. (2) about 1810, Francis Cragin ('l)]- 
He left Concord in early manhood, and after a brief sojourn 
in that part of Mason which is now Greenville, where his 
characteristic business habits were foreshadowed by his part 



with a brother in the erection of a saw and grist mill, at about 
the period of his marriage in 1764, he settled in New Ipswich. 
At first he was near the Mason line, (1 : 2, S. R.,) in which 
neighborhood he quickly became a leader; in 1780 he removed 
to the Center Village, and purchased the Joseph Kidder lot, 
(IX: 1, S. R.,) then considered a proverbially poor tract of 
land, but destined to show very different capabilities under 
the handling of its new manager. He there built for his resi- 
dence the "Bullard house," just north from the well-known 
Barrett mansion of later days, which he built 25 years after 
for the second bearer of his name. 

The business operations upon which he entered seem al- 
most petty when compared with the activities of the twentieth 
century, but at that period a journey to New York was a 
greater undertaking than is a trip to the Pacific coast in the 
present days. The settlement of Barrettstown, now known 
as Hope, in Lincoln county, Me., the erection of the mill upon 
the neighboring George's River, the construction of canals and 
locks upon the same river, the aid given to the glass manu- 
factory just across the Temple line upon Kidder Mountain, and 
the cotton mills of the town, said to have been undertaken 
at his suggestion and with his cooperation, all these were en- 
terprises to be promoted only by a man of broad outlook and 
exceptional business confidence and sagacity. That he had 
ability to know when he saw a man, is illustrated by the 
incident related in the account of the Appleton family on a 
previous page. This power doubtless had a part in making 
it true that his failure to take a position satisfactory to his 
fellow townsmen, in the "times that tried men's souls" when 
the nation had its birth, did not permanently alienate public 
feeling, as is conclusively shown, not merely by his repeated 
elections to represent New Ipswich in the Legislature, and in 
the convention called to ratify the national Constitution, but 
also by the votes from a larger territory giving him place as 
a state senator and as councillor. Children : 

3. i. Charles, b. Jan. 8, 1765; d. June 10, 1766. 

4. ii. Dorcas, b. Apr. 20, 1767 ; d. Jan. 31, 1818, unm. 

5. iii. Charles, b. Sept. 24, 1773.-1- 

6. iv. George, b. Feb. 27, 1777 ; d. Aug. 14, 1812, unm. 

7. V. Rebecca, b. Sept. 4, 1779; d. May 11, 1834; m. Dec. 5, 1795, 

Hon. Samuel, son of Rev. Samuel and Anna (Kendrick) 

Dana of Groton [d. 1837]. Children: i. Charles Dana. ii. 

Anna Dana, m. Col. John Sever, iii. George Dana. iv. 


History of New Ipswich 

Rebecca Dana, m. Kilby Page. v. Samuel Dana. vi. Martha 
Barrett Dana, m. Gen. George C. Greene, vii. James Dana. 
viii. Thesta Dana, m. Gen. James J. Dana. 

8. vi. Seth, b. May 20, 1784; d. Jan. 9, 1792. 

2. Joseph*^ (Joseph^ John*, Joseph^, Humphrey-, Hum- 
phrey^), b. Mason, Jan. 25, 1774; d. Oct. 31, 1852; m. Oct. 3, 
1809, Mary, dau. of Isaac and Mary (Adams) Appleton (9). 
His name appears upon the town record at about the date of 
his marriage, but soon after he removed to Bakersfield, Vt., 
where he was a farmer for ten or twelve years, during- which 
all his children were born. About 1821 he came to New Ips- 
wich and occupied the Appleton farm, his wife's early home, 
for twenty years, removing thence in 1842 to the John F. 
Hills place upon the Turnpike, afterward the residence of his 
son-in-law, S. W. Bent, where the last ten years of his life 
were passed. He was a quiet, unassuming man, but one whose 
opinion was prized, especially in the church, although he de- 
clined official station when chosen deacon. Children : 

9. i. Joseph Appleton, b. July 22, 1812; d. Apr. 20, 1833. He was 

a student in Yale College at the time of his death. 

10. ii. Emily Maria, b. Oct. 23, 1814; d. June 11, 1833, unm. 

11. iii. Mary Narcissa, b. Aug. 24, 1816; d. May 28, 1872; m. Aug. 

3, 1836, Samuel W. Bent (1). 

12. iv. Dora Everett, b. Jan. 10, 1820; m. June 23, 1842, Dr. Edward, 

son of Dr. Matthias and Rebecca Spalding. She lived at 
Nashua, where she had three children. 

5. Charles*' (Charles^ Thomas*, Benjamin^, Humphrey^, 
Humphrey^), b. Sept. 24, 1773; d. Sept. 3, 1836; m. at Concord, 
Mass., Oct. 15, 1799, Martha, dau. of Jonas and Mary (Hall) 
Minott [b. Oct. 17, 1771; d. 1842]. He graduated from Dart- 
mouth College in 1794, and soon after entered into trade at 
the foot of the old Meeting-house Hill in partnership with 
Samuel Appleton, whom after a few years he followed to 
Boston, and there continued busily engaged in commercial 
matters until 1814, when he returned to his native town. For 
the remainder of his life he was a prominent figure in its 
activities, having a leading place in the formation of the man- 
ufacturing companies and in the establishment of the bank, 
representing the town in the Legislature for several years, 
and being practically the founder of the Unitarian church and 
the leading supporter during its brief life. Children — the 
first three born in New Ipswich, the last two in Boston : 













George, b. Dec. 15, 1801.+ 

Mary Ann, b. Nov. 12, 1802; d. Aug., 1875; m. (1) May 1, 

1820, Silas Bullard (J. 8) ; (2) Sept. 13, 1838, Alfred C. 

Hersey [d. Mar. 8, 1888]. 
Juliet Maria, b. Dec. 22, 1804; d. May 22, 1808. 
Charles, b. Jan. 11, 1807.-|- 
Edward Augustus, b. June 17, 1811; d. May 2, 1834. 

13. George^ (Charles*', Charles^ Thomas*, Benjamin^, 
Humphrey^ Humphrey^), b. Dec. 15, 1801; d. Oct. 4, 1862; 
m. at Greenfield, Mass., Sept. 1, 1831, Frances Hall, dan. of 
Ambrose and Hannah (Allen) Ames [b. Nov. 18, 1809; d. 
1887]. In early manhood he entered into business in Boston, 
and thus continued until 1842, when he returned to New 
Ipswich and assumed the cashiership of the bank, which he 
successfully managed until removed by disease. He lived for 
a few years after his return in the brick dwelling built by 
his father at Bank Village ; after the removal of the bank to 
the Center Village, first the "Bullard house" and afterwards 
the family mansion became his home. Children : 

18. i. Edward Augustus, b. May 18, 1834.+ 

19. ii. George Robert, b. May 17, 1844; m. Apr. 21, 1880, Elizabeth 

M., dau. of Daniel and Elizabeth (Crocker) Lawrence, and 
widow of George L. Barr. For a few years he was occu- 
pied in the sale of books, but afterward devoted himself 
to the collection of historical letters, broadsides, and en- 
gravings relative to the Colonial and Revolutionary period, 
of which rare treasures his collection is exceptionally large 
and valuable. His interleaved and illustrated copy of Ban- 
croft's History is unique in its magnitude and value. While 
preferring a city residence during the greater part of the 
year, he is still of New Ipswich, retaining and keeping in 
order the family mansion and serving as president of the 
trustees of Appleton Academy. 

16. Charles'^ (Charles^ Charles^ Thomas*, Benjamin^ 
Humphrey^ Humphrey^), b. Jan. 11, 1807; d. Feb. 9, 1862; 
m. May 31, 1830, (by Ralph Waldo Emerson,) Abby B., dau. 
of Edmund (builder of the old ship Constitution) and Mehit- 
able (Lambert) Hart [b. Nov. 17, 1809; d. Nov. 24, 1877.] At 
the age of five years he lost his hearing from the action of 
medicine given during a severe illness. He was educated in 
the asylum for deaf-mutes in Hartford, Conn., and he was 
treasurer of the New England Gallaudet Association of Deaf- 
Mutes from its formation in 1852 until his death. For a few 
years he was engaged in trade at Bank Village, William W. 


History of New Ipswich 

Johnson being his partner, and he resided in the brick 
dwelling-house erected for him by his father at the time of 
his marriage ; after the death of his mother he removed to 
the homestead mansion ; this he sold to his brother George 
in 1848, and passed his remaining years in Boston. His bodily 
deprivation could not shut him within himself. Of him it was 
said : "To all who were permitted to know him his short and 
comparatively uneventful life suggests many sweet and beau- 
tiful memories — memories of gracious, kindly intercourse, of 
serene cheerfulness, of Christian content." Children — born 
in New Ipswich : 

20. i. Julia Maria, b. May 11, 1832; m. Dec. 21, 1858, Charles, son 

of Reuben and Mary (Wetherbee) Marsh [b. 1829; d. July 
9, 1886]. She lived in Boston. Children: i. Edith Barrett 
Marsh, h. Mar. 24, 1863; m. Oct. 21, 1884, George Binney. 
(Children: i. George Hayvvard Binney, Jr., b. Jan. 20, 1886. 
ii. Edith Marsh Binney, b. Jan. 10, 1888; d. March 6, 1895.) 
ii. Mabel Minott Marsh, b. Mar. 4, 1867; m. June 9, 1888, 
Arthur N. Milliken. iii. Charles Reuben Marsh, b. Mar 2, 
1872; d. at Sharon, Mass., Mar. 16, 1908. 

21. ii. Mary Darracott, b. June 28, 1840. 

22. iii. Charles, b. July 21, 1844; d. Aug. 31, 1845. 

18. Edward Augustus^ (George'^, Charles^, Charles^, 
Thomas*, Benjamin^, Humphrey-, Humphrey^), b. May 18, 
1834; d. Mar. 11, 1883; m. Sept. 26, 1860, Georgianna M., dau. 
of Wells and Maria (Bailey) Chase [b. 1840; d. 1883]. He 
was in business in the West for a few years, but passed the 
later years of his life in the family home. Children : 

23. i. George Wells, b. Aug. 1, 1863. 4- 

24. ii. Charles Edward, b. Sept. 14, 1865. -|- 

25. iii. Frances Ames, b. Nov. 10, 1867; m. May 24, 1893, George 

Augustus Hopkins of Boston. Child : i. Barrett Hopkins, 
b. Jan. 30, 1906. 

26. iv. Blanche, b. Dec. 26, 1872; d. May 2, 1874. 

23. George Wells^ (Edward A.^, George^ Charles^ 
Charles^, Thomas*, Benjamin^, Humphrey^, Humphrey^), b. 
Aug. 1, 1863; m. Jamestown, N. Y., Sept. 9, 1890, Caroline 
Whitney. He was engaged in banking, and later in the in- 
ternal revenue service. Children : 

27. i. Agnes, b. June 13, 1902. 

28. ii. Frances Ames, b. Nov. 22, 1903; d. Dec. 16, 1906. 

29. iii. Jean, b. Mar. 3, 1912. 

24. Charles Edward^ (Edward A.^ George^ Charles^, 
Charles^ Thomas*, Benjamin^, Humphrey^ Humphrey'), b. 



Sept. 14, 1865; m. May 31, 1894, Beulah Gertrude Hildreth 
(30). He is bank cashier in Winchester, Mass., where he 
resides. Children : 

30. i. Hildreth, b. Apr. 27, 1899. 

31. ii. Rebecca, b. May 24, 1904. 


Joseph' Bartlett, d. Dec. 26, 1702; m. Oct. 27, 1668, Mary Waite 
[d. Dec. 21, 1721]. He was early at Newton, Mass., whither he probably 
came from Cambridge. His home was on the side of the hill where now 
is the Baptist Theological Seminary. 

Joseph- (Joseph'), b. Mar. 5, 1673; d. 1734; m. (1) Hannah [d. Dec, 
1730]; (2) 1732, Mercy Hyde [b. about 1671; d. June, 1750]. 

Joseph' (Joseph^, Joseph'), b. Apr. 8, 1703; m. Feb., 1731, Zebiah 

1. Samuel* (Joseph^ Joseph^, Joseph^, b. Mar. 9, 1732; d. 
Jan. 27, 1812; m. (pub. Sept. 1, 1760) Elizabeth, sister of 
Isaac Appleton (1) [bapt. Oct. 24, 1736; d. May 4, 1817]. He 
seems to have lived in his ancestral town of Newton until 
1771, when he came to New Ipswich and settled upon XIII : 
2, S. R., afterward long the home of Richard Wheeler, and 
there he passed his life. Children : 

2. i. Isaac, b. Oct. 8, 1761. 

3. ii. Samuel, b. July 18, 1763. 

4. iii. Elizabeth, b. Apr. 9, 1765 ; d. 1790. 

5. iv. Daniel, b. Jan. 8, 1767. 

6. V. Noah, b. Dec. 25, 1768.+ 

7. vi. Lydia, b. Feb. 3, 1771. 

8. vii. Elizabeth, b. July 20, 1773; d. Jan. 28, 1790. 

9. viii. Sarah, b. Sept. 10, 1776; d. Nov. 27, 1803; m. May 16, 1802, 

Timothy Fox (2). 

10. ix. John, b. May 7, 1779; d. Oct. 4, 1802. 

11. X. Mary, b. Dec. 9, 1781; m. Aug. 21, 1817, Daniel Giles (4). 

6. NoAH^ (Samuel*, Joseph^, Joseph^, Joseph^), b. Dec. 25, 
1768; d. Sept. 14, 1809; m. Nov. 17, 1799, Mary Hills (3). He 
remained at the home of his boyhood, and although he died in 
middle life he became a leading citizen. He was town clerk 
for two years, a selectman during the last twelve years of his 
life, and also represented the town in the Legislature the last 
seven years. He was elected a deacon two years before his 
death. Children : 

12. i. George Everett, b. May 17, 1801; d. Sept. 24, 1820. 

13. ii. Lydia, b. Aug. 14, 1802; d. Nov. 11, 1804. 


History of New Ipswich 

14. iii. John, b. Jan. 22, 1804; d. about 1826, unm. He had purposed 
to enter the ministry, and had studied at Andover Theo- 
logical Seminary; but before the completion of his course 
of study he, the last survivor of a family which had per- 
ished from consumption, was attacked by the same disease, 
and while on his way south in hope of relief, he died in 
New Jersey. What remained of the family property he 
bequeathed to the American Board of Missions. 


The New Ipswich records and gravestones present this family name 
in several varying forms, but an examination of early records forbids 
the conclusion that such orthographic variations necessarily indicate dif- 
ferent origins. The New England families bearing some form of this 
name appear to have descended from several different emigrant ancestors; 
but the two branches appearing in New Ipswich are found to have sprung 
from a common stock, despite the fact that, with by no means infrequent 
variations, each of them has adhered to its chosen one of the two forms 
given above. 

The name of their common ancestor is uncertain, but probably was 
Joseph. He is not known to have removed from England, but it is be- 
lieved that three of his sons, Joseph, John, and Henry came from Canter- 
bury, Kent, England, about 1636, and founded the Salem branch of the 
family. Henry and his wife, Martha, however, left no issue; the de- 
scendants of both the other brothers have had a part in the building of 
New Ipswich. 

Joseph' Batcheller, d. about 1657 ; m. Elizabeth . He is be- 
lieved to have made a home in that part of Salem which was afterward 
set off as Wenham. 

John' Batchelder, b. about 1610; d. Nov. 13, 1675; m. Elizabeth 

[d. Nov. 10, 1675]. He had a grant of land in 1639, in that part of 
Salem which is now Beverly, and was made a freeman in the following 

JoHN^' (Joseph'), bapt. Jan. 20, 1638; d. Mar. 22, 1729; m. (1) July 
12, 1661, Mary Dennis; (2) May 4, 1666, Sarah, dau. of Robert Goodale 
of Salem. He probably resided near the place of his birth. 

John' (John'), b. June 23, 1650; d. Aug. 6, 1684; m. Aug. 14, 1673, 
Mary, prob. dau. of Zachariah and Mary (Dodge) Herrick [b. Oct. 10, 
1654; d. Aug. 19, 1684]. He was a cooper living in that part of Salem 
which is now Beverly. 

Ebenezer^ (John", Joseph'), b. about 1673; d. 1747; m. Sarah, dau. 
of Samuel Tarbox of Lynn, Mass. 

Jonathan' (John=, John'), b. Mar. 29, 1678; d. Apr., 1740; m. Ruth, 
dau. of William and Ruth (Hull) Raymond |b. 1690; d. 1736]. He was a 
prominent citizen, and represented Salem in the General Court. 

JosiAH^ (Ebenezer^ John", Joseph'), b. Wenham, 1709; d. 1786; m. 
1740, Hannah Kimball. He passed his life in Wenham, but all his chil- 
dren removed to New Ipswich, the sons before his death, and the daugh- 
ters with their mother in 1787. Children : 


Batchelder — Batcheller 

1. i. Hannah, b. Feb. 11, 1746/7; d. Jan. 2, 1827. 

2. ii. Joseph, b. Feb. 19, 1748/9.+ 

3. iii. Abigail, b. May 28, 1751; d. Dec. 8, 1838. 

4. iv. JosiAH, b. Dec. 19, 1753.+ 

Jonathan' (Jonathan', John', John'), b. 1720; d. Oct. 19, 1776; m. 
Apr. 10, 1745, Hephzibah, dau. of Daniel and Lucy (Dodge) Conant [b. 
Beverly, Oct. 16, 1729]. He was lieutenant in the company which marched 
from Salem on the Concord alarm, 1775. 

2. Joseph^ (Josiah*, Ebenezer^ John-, Joseph^), b. Feb. 
19, 1748; d. Wallingford, Vt., 1812; m. (1) Dec. 31, 1771, 
Elizabeth Merry of Marblehead, Mass. [b. Aug. 10, 1752, N. 
S.; d. Feb. 1, 1809] ; (2) Rebecca , who soon became in- 
sane. He came to New Ipswich in 1780 and followed the busi- 
ness of a carpenter and cabinet maker, the occupation of many 
members of the family, until his removal from town after the 
loss of a home caused by his wife's insanity. His first place 
of residence in the town was on or near the site afterward 
occupied by the house of Rev. Stephen Farrar, a short dis- 
tance northwesterly from the church, but he soon built a 
house nearer the church in a southeast direction, long occu- 
pied by his family, afterward by the widow Fisk, and now the 
summer home of Henry T. Champney. Children; 

6. i. Joseph, b. Marblehead, Mass., Jan. 27, 1773.+ 

7. ii. John Merry, b. Marblehead, Mass., Mar. 14, 1775; d. Oct. 13, 

1849; m. Mary Simonds of Billerica [b. about 1777; d. Dec. 
22, 1861]. He passed his life as a carpenter and cabinet 
maker, his first home after marriage being in a small house 
near the brook crossing* the road a little to the east of the 
present Baptist church, until he built a house between the 
present sites of the two cottages upon the north side of 
the turnpike fifteen or twenty rods below the crossing of 
the road from the starch factory. Child : Z7 . i. Frederic 
M., b. about 1805 ; d. Sept. 19, 1830. 

8. iii. Elizabeth, b. Wenham, Nov. 1, 1779; d. Feb. 6, 1842. She 

passed her life in New Ipswich, living for many years in 
the family of her youngest brother, and conducting a very 
successful business as a tailoress. often having four em- 
ployees in her shop. 

9. iv. Hannah, b. New Ipswich, July 30, 1782; d. Feb. 4, 1838. She 

passed her life as a tailoress in her native town, living for 
many years on the spot afterward occupied by the school- 
house of District No. 13, and also caring for her aunts, 
Hannah and Abigail, often called the "two old bachelors 
and the two old maids." 

10. v. JosiAH, b. Sept. 2, 1783 ; d. Mar. 25, 1784. 

11. vi. JosiAH, b. Jan. 30, 1785; d. Feb. 4, 1785. 

12. vii. Polly, b. May 2, 1786; d. May 6, 1786. 


History of New Ipswich 

13. viii. Polly, b. Nov. 30, 1787 ; d. Nov. 30, 1787. 

14. ix. Oliver, b. Jan. 6, 1791; d. July 1, 1816; unm. He was a 

cabinet maker. 

15. X. Moses, b. June 22, 1793.+ 

16. xi. Hervey, b. Nov. 28, 1795.+ 

4. JosiAH^ (Josiah*, Ebenezer^ John^, Joseph^), b. Dec. 19, 
1753; d. May 2, 1812; m. Ruth Fletcher (37). He came to New 
Ipswich at about the same time as his brother, and was the 
village blacksmith for many years, living in the house upon 
the west side of the street running southerly from the Baptist 
church, and since occupied in succession by Dea. John Clark 
and his son Peter. His shop was situated just across the 
street from his house, and was destroyed by fire in 1812. 
Children — all born in New Ipswich: 

17. i. JosiAH, b. Nov. 20, 1787.+ 

18. ii. Ruth, b. Mar. 27, 1789; d. June 1, 1811. 

19. iii. Peter, b. July 20, 1794; d. New Orleans, La., while a young 


20. iv. William Kimball, b. Aug. 4, 1798; d. Aug. 4, 1811. 

21. V. Washington Adams, b. Apr. 30, 1808.+ 

5. Samuel'^ (Jonathan*, Jonathan^, John-, John^), b. Jan. 1, 
1755; d. Feb. 17, 1814; m. (pub. Jan. 13, 1782) Elizabeth, dau. 
of Peter and Mary (Rea) Woodbury [d. Feb. 11, 1835] and 
also great-granddaughter of John and Hannah (Tarbox) Batch- 
eller, brother and sister of Ebenezer^ and Sarah (Tarbox) 
Batcheller. He served in the company with his father at the 
time of his father's death. He removed from Beverly to New 
Hampshire in 1785, and commenced business as a baker in a 
very small way in the house long occupied by Benjamin Davis 
in the Davis Village, (northeast corner of XIII : 1, S. R.) 
He also had a small store, which in time came to be managed 
by his sons. He prospered in his business, and upon the open- 
ing of the Turnpike he erected the ''Peppermint Tavern," (61, 
N. D.,) which for a long time had such a reputation as being 
the best public-house between Boston and Keene that travel- 
ers and teamsters, whose wagons drawn by four horses served 
the public in place of the freight trains of the present, would 
often shorten or extend the day's journey in order to rest at 
it. Children — all born at New Ipswich, except the eldest: 

22. i. Samuel, b. Jaffrey, June 8, 1784.-f- 

23. ii. Peter, b. Sept. 12, 1786.-f- 

24. iii. Betsey, b. Jan. 16, 1789; d. 1857; m. Jan. 18, 1814, Moody 

Adams (R. 1). 


Batchelder — Batcheller 

25. iv. William, b. May 24, 1791; d. Nov. 18, 1811. 

26. V. Nancy, b. June 20, 1793; m. Rev. Phineas Pratt (2). 

27. vi. Daniel, b. 1795; d. 1796. 

28. vii. Mary, b. Apr. 18, 1797; d. Feb. 9, 1879; m. Silas Wheeler (75). 

29. viii. Czarina, b. Dec. 22, 1800; m. Joel Parker. 

30. ix. Fanny, b. June 16, 1804; m. Rev. Jonathan Tucker of Saco, 


6. Joseph*^ (Joseph^ Josiah*, Ebenezer^, John-, JosephM, 
b. Marbleliead, Mass., Jan. 27, 1773; m. 1796, Hannah, dau. 
of Samuel Trull. He left his native town soon after reaching 
his majority, and pursued his father's calling of cabinet maker 
in other parts of the state ; for a time he resided in Billerica, 
where his wife died. Children : 

31. i. Joseph, b. Apr. 25, 1797. 
7>2. ii. JosiAH, b. May 28, 1799. 

iZ. iii. Hannah, b. Oct. 28, 1800; m. June 25, 1822, James H. Fames 
of Reading, Mass. 

34. iv. SoPHRONiA, b. May 20, 1802; m. May 17, 1825, William Taintor 

of Boston. 

35. V. Eliza, b. Feb. 20, 1804. 

36. vi. Brooks Trull, b. Jan. 7, 1813. 

15. Moses*' (Joseph^ Josiah*, Ebenezer^, John-, Joseph^), 
b. June 2, 1793; d. Jan. 12, 1829; m. (pub. Jan., 1818) Lucy M. 
Nash of Dorset, Vt. He was a carpenter in Williamstown and 
died there. Children : 

38. i. Harriet M., b. Jan. 19, 1819. 

39. ii. George H., b. Jan. 7, 1820. 

40. iii. Kimball, b. May 22, 1821. 

41. iv. Addison, b. Nov. 16, 1822. 

42. V. Eliza May, b. May 8, 1824. 

43. vi. Alva N., b. Mar. 2, 1826. 

44. vii. Alvin B., b. Mar. 2, 1826. 

45. viii. Oliver, b. Dec. 2, 1828; d. June 25, 1830. 

16. Hervey^ (Joseph^ Josiah*, Ebenezer^ John-, Joseph^), 
b. Nov. 28, 1795; d. Sept. 16, 1857; m. Apr., 1832, Sally, dau. 
of James and Nabby (Childs) Buchanan of Waltham, Mass. 
[b. Apr. 1, 1805; d. June 10, 1865]. He continued the family 
industry as carpenter and cabinet maker, and lived in the 
house at the foot of Meeting-house Hill around which the 
road to the Baptist church and postoffice bends. Children : 

46. i. Sarah Elizabeth, b. Apr. 11, 1833; d. Aug. 20, 1909. She 

was educated at New Ipswich Academy, and at the age of 
nineteen began her work as a teacher in which she con- 
tinued until near the close of her life, a period sufficient 


History of New Ipswich 

to make further evidence of success superfluous. Her work 
was largely in the cities of Boston and New York, and the 
latter was her home after the end of her work. 

47. ii. Hervey Buchanan, b. May 16, 1836; d. Jan. 28, 1912, unm. 

His life was largely occupied with the duties of a pro- 
fessional nurse in New York. 

48. iii. Mary Abigail, b. Apr. 13, 1838; d. Mar. 9. 1842. 

49. iv. Oliver Merry, b. May 1, 1840; unm. He is a business man in 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

17. JosiAH® (Josiah^, Josiah*, Ebenezer^, John^, Joseph^), b. 
Nov. 20, 1787; m. Rebecca Billing's. He was a blacksmith, 
and for a time was his father's partner. Children : 

50. i. Ira Alonzo, was fatally scalded in early life. 
William Kimball. 
Ruth Ann, m. (1) about Mar. 1, 1836, Levi Ward [d. Mar. 

22, 1836] ; (2) Chase. 

Mary Rebecca. 
Martha Maria. 

21. Washington Adams® (Josiah^, Josiah*, Ebenezer^, 
John", Joseph^), b. Apr. 30, 1808; m. his cousin, Adelaide 
Fletcher (63). He removed to Brooklyn, N. Y. Children: 










Adelaide A. 



Clara, d. unm. 



Josephine, d. unm. 



LuciLLA, d. young. 



Eugene, d. young. 



Henry Kent.-}- 

22. Samuel** (SamueP, Jonathan*, Jonathan^, John-, John^), 
b. Jaffrey, Jtine 8, 1784; d. Feb. 5, 1879; m. Aug. 26, 1810, 
Mary, dau. of Gen. John Montgomery of Haverhill, N. H. 
[b. Mar. 5, 1780; d. Apr. 24, 1869]. He early showed his 
mercantile instincts, and at the age of sixteen he practically 
conducted his father's store. At the age of twenty he opened 
a store in Peterboro, later removing to Exeter, but in 1808 
he returned to New Ipswich and occupied the store on the 
Turnpike at the corner of the Temple road until it was burned 
in 1812, when he built the brick building known since that 
time as "the corner store" and traded there until his removal 
from town. While still a young man he became greatly in- 
terested in the manufacture of cotton goods, then taking form 
in the town, entered upon it, and for the rest of his life was 
especially devoted to that interest. With the birth of Lowell 
he went thither and came to have a very prominent position 
in the manufactures of that city and of other places, being 


Batchelcler — Batcheller 

president of the Hamilton Manufacturing Company, the Ap- 
pleton Company, the Essex Company, the Everett Mills, the 
York Manufacturing Company, and the Exeter Manufacturing 
Company, together possessing capital, truly enormous in those 
days, of $5,000,000. His own inventions had no small place 
in the prosperity of the various undertakings in which he was 
so earnestly engaged for a period of 62 years, and during 
those years of constant advance in methods his mind kept pace 
with the increasing demands of the market and he wielded 
a facile pen in support of his own views. His tastes were 
literary, and he was a frequent contributor to magazines and 
journals, even till he reached four score years and ten. ?Ie 
represented New Ipswich in the Legislature for six years, 
and he afterward sat in the Massachusetts Legislature. He 
resided in Lowell for several years and was one of the first 
board of selectmen of that new town. He removed to Saco, 
Me., in 1831, and there made his home for fifteen years, after 
which he established himself in Cambridge, Mass., where he 
was a member of its first board of aldermen and resided for 
a third of a century. Children : 

61. i. John Montgomery, b. Oct. 12, 1811. + 

62. ii. William, b. Dec. 12, 1813; d. May 21, 1857; m. Nov. 14, 

1842, Caroline Augusta, dau. of Dr. Thomas G. and Sarah 
(Cutto) Thornton [b. Saco, Me., Aug. 14, 1814; d. Saco, 
1899]. He prepared for college at Lancaster, Mass., and 
entered Harvard College in 1830, but did not complete his 
course of study. He resided at Andover, Mass., where he 
was an amateur farmer. 

63. iii. Mary Anne, b. Aug. 2, 1815; d. Lowell, Oct. 31, 1827. 

64. iv. Horace, b. Oct. 11, 1817; d. Saco, Feb. 11, 1842, unm. 

65. V. Isabella, b. Sept. 2, 1819.-(- 

66. vi. Edward Everett, b. Sept. 19, 1821; d. Sept. 24, 1821. 

67. vii. Eugene, b. Nov. 13, 1822.+ 

68. viii. Francis Lowell, b. Apr. 2, 1825. + 

69. ix. Samuel, b. Jan. 9, 1830.+ 

23. Peter'' (SamueF, Jonathan^ Jonathan^ John-, John^), 
b. Sept. 12, 1786; d. Sept., 1867; m. Margaret Mitchell. Child: 

70. i. A daughter, m. Bradford. Res. in Francestown. 

60. Henry Kent^ (Washington Adams^ Josiah^ Josiah*, 
Ebenezer^ John-, Joseph^). He resided in Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Children : 

71. i. Estella, a teacher in Brooklyn. 

72. ii. Harry. 

73. iii. Adeline. 

74. iv. John. He has two children, Blanch and Hattie. 


History of New Ipswich 

61. John Montgomery^ (SamueP, SamueP, Jonathan*, Jon- 
athan^, John^, John^), b. Oct. 12, 1811 ; d. July 8, 1892; m. (1) 
1843, Mary Elizabeth Wood; (2) Eliza Constantia (Bird) 
Beardsley [d. 1898]. He was a civil engineer at York. Me., 
and at Lawrence, Mass., and for a time had charge of a mill 
in Ipswich, Mass. He then became connected with the United 
States Coast Survey, and was active in the investigation of a 
great variety of scientific questions, in which he was asso- 
ciated with many of the leading American scientists. He was 
the inventor of many valuable scientific devices. He was 
elected member of the American Academy, and was also a 
member of many other scientific societies, retaining his earnest 
and active interest in such matters to the end of his long life. 
Children : 

75. i. Horace, b. Saco, Me., 1844; d. 1844. 

76. ii. Isabella, b. Sept. 28, 1846. Resides in Boston. 
11. iii. Arthur Montgomery, b. 1851 ; d. 1856. 

65. Isabella^ (Samuel*', Samuel^, Jonathan*, Jonathan^, 
John^, John^), b. Sept. 2, 1819; d. Aug. 6, 1901 ; m. Dec. 3. 1851, 
Thomas Potts James of Philadelphia. She lived in Philadel- 
phia until 1869, then in Cambridge until 1885, and afterward 
in England, her home being at Ottery-St. Mary, Devon, 
where she died. During the Civil War she devoted much 
time to the Sanitary Commission and hospital work, being 
prominent in patriotic activities, and she was afterward presi- 
dent of the Pennsylvania Freedmen's Commission, and also 
interested in other similar work. In later life she was largely 
engaged in antiquarian, historic, and genealogical study, and 
was a member of many societies of that general character. 
A worthy ode from her pen sung at the Centennial Celebra- 
tion of New Ipswich may be recalled here. Children : 

i. Mary Isabella James, b. Burlington, N. J., Sept. 19, 1852; 
m. Feb. 4, 1885, Silvio M. de Gozaldi of Denno, Tyrol, 
Austria. She lived in Europe until 1898, and since that 
time in Cambridge, where she succeeded to her father's 
home. Four children. 
ii. Montgomery James, b. Philadelphia Dec. 20, 1853; d. Phila- 
delphia Dec. 24, 1895, unm. He graduated from Harvard 
College in 1876, receiving the degree of S. B. He was a 
civil engineer in Mexico and in South Africa, served in 
the British army during the Zulu war, and was afterward 
in the employ of King Leopold of Belgium in the Congo 


Batchelder — Batcheller 

iii. Clarence Gray James, b. June 30, 1856; d. Mar. 13, 1892, 
unm. He pursued special work in chemistry at Harvard 
College, and was afterward a manufacturing chemist in 

iv. Frances Batchelder James, b. Sept. 26, 1859; m. John Rose- 
Troup, son of Gen. Sir Colin Troup. She resides at Ottery- 
St. Mary, Devon, England. One son. 

67. Eugene^ (Samuel^ SamueP, Jonathan*, Jonathan^ 
John^, John^), b. Nov. 13, 1822; d. Oct. 8, 1878; m. June 16, 
1864, Caroline Augusta Deshon [d. Sept., 1904]. He studied at 
Harvard Law School, receiving the degree of LL. B. in 1845. 
He lived at Dover, Mass. He was greatly devoted to English, 
French, and German literature, and had the poet's place at 
the centennial celebration of his native town. A very con- 
siderable number of poems were published. Child : 

78. i. Maude Augusta, b. Apr. 28, 1872; m. Apr. 14, 1909, Charles 

Peter Vosburgh of New York City. She studied at Rad- 
clifife College, and follows on practically the lines of her 
father's literary pursuits. 

68. Francis Lowell^ (Samuel*', Samuel^ Jonathan*, Jona- 
than^, John^, John^, b. Lowell, Apr. 2, 1825; d. Feb. 9, 1858; 
m. Dec. 2, 1851, Susan Cabot, dau. of Charles Chauncy Foster 
[d. Apr., 1900]. He prepared for college at Saco, Me., studied 
at Harvard College and Harvard Law School, receiving the 
degree of A. B. in 1844 and LL. B. in 1848. He practised 
law in Boston for some years, having his home at Cambridge, 
until failing health caused him to seek a milder climate at 
Hibernia, Fla., where he died. Children: 

79. i. Amy, b. Sept. 9, 1852; d. July 5, 1881, unm. 

80. ii. Charles Foster, b. July 15, 1856; m. Laura P., dau. of Lin- 

coln R. Stone of Newton. He prepared for college at 
Cambridge high school, and graduated from Harvard Col- 
lege with the degree A. B. in 1878. He devoted himself 
to ornithology, and for many years was president of the 
National Ornithological Society. He has four sons : Philip 
Stone, Francis Lowell, Charles Foster, and Lawrence. 

69. Samuel'^ (Samuel^ SamueP, Jonathan*, Jonathan^, 
John-, John^), b. Jan. 9, 1830; d. Apr. 24, 1888; m. June 20, 
1867, Marianne Giles, dau. of Gov. Emory Washburn [b. Wor- 
cester, Nov. 24, 1831]. He was a lawyer in Boston. Children : 

81. i. Emory Washburn, b. Apr. 4, 1868; d. Aug. 20, 1869. 

82. ii. Samuel Francis, b. Mar. 10, 1870. He graduated from Har- 

vard College and Law School, A. B. 1893, LL. D. 1898. He 
is a lawyer in Boston, and is also engaged in historical and 
literary pursuits. 

83. iii. Mary Emory, b. Mar. 25, 1873. 


History of New Ipswich 


Thomas* Bateman, d. Feb. 6, 1669; m. (1) Martha [d. Aug. 3, 

1665] ; (2) Jan. 27, 1668, Margaret Knight [m. (2) Feb. 7, 1670, Nathaniel 
Ball; d. Apr. 18, 1709]. According to tradition he came from England 
in 1630 and settled in Concord, Mass., in 1635, and there is little doubt 
that he was the man to whom the Concord records given above relate. 
The record of his children is apparently incomplete, but circumstantial 
evidence strongly supports the following line of descent. 

Thomas^ (Thomas*), m. Apr. 25, 1672, Abigail, dau. of George and 
Susanna Meriam [b. (probably) July 15, 1647; d. July 14, 1684]. He 
lived in Concord, where he was known as "Sergeant Bateman." 

John' (Thomas', Thomas'), b. Apr. 12, 1679; m. Elizabeth [d. 

Nov. 20, 1715]. He lived in Concord. 

John' (John^ Thomas', Thomas*), b. Oct. 18, 1706; m. Feb. 10, 
1731/2, Anna, dau. of Timothy' and Lydia' Wheeler [b. Nov. 26, 1713]. 
He also passed his life in Concord. 

Jonas^ (John^ John', Thomas', Thomas*), b. June 17, 1735; m. Jan. 
27, 1757, Elizabeth, dau. of Samuel and Elizabeth Fletcher [b. Sept. 20, 
1736]. He continued the family in Concord. 

Jonas' (Jonas', John', John', Thomas', Thomas*), b. Nov. 21, 1769; 
d. Oct. 17, 1824; m. 1791, Lydia Buttrick [b. 1763; d. Mar. 9, 1845]. He 
removed from Concord after the birth of his first child and settled in 
Chelmsford, Mass. 

1. Charles'^ (Jonas", Jonas^, John*, John^, Thomas^, 
Thomas^), b. about 1793; d. May 7, 1861; m. 1817. Czarina 
Thompson of Swanzey [b. about 1800; d. ]\iay 17, 1853]. He 
came from Harvard, Mass., to New Ipswich about 1823, and 
passed his life in the town as blacksmith, for many years in 
the shop at the west end of the Village Green, under the wil- 
low near the Jo Kidder Brook, and later in other places in 
the Center Village. His first home was in the old tavern 
building of Jonathan Dix, and after its destruction by fire in 
1826 he built upon its site the present house long the home 
of Rev. Samuel Lee. He was a selectman in 1843. Children : 

3. i. Lucy Williams, b. Swanzey July 10, 1819; d. July 3, 1890; 

m. May 16, 1847, George E. Nutting, who for a time was 
a butcher on the Woolson farm, IV: 2, S. R., but later re- 
moved to Jersey City, N. J. She had two daughters while 
resident in New Ipswich, both of whom died young. 

4. ii. Amanda Malvina, b. Harvard, Mass., Nov. 5, 1820; d. Apr. 

3, 1902; m. Mar. 25, 1852, Charles Boardman. Res. in Bos- 
ton, where he was in the employ of the Boston & Lowell 

5. iii. Ann Maria, b. Harvard, Mass., Dec. 10, 1821 ; d. May 6, 

1893; m. Mar. 8, 1849, Isaiah W. Barnum of New York 

6. iv. Arabella Semira, b. July 20, 1823; d. Jan. 2, 1824. 

7. V. Josephine Angelia, b. Nov. 27, 1824; d. Aug. 2, 1825. 



8. vi. Arabella Augusta, b. Mar. 14, 1826; m. (1) May 16, 1847, 

Samuel S. Brown (J. 1) ; (2) John Warner. 

9. vii. Charles Thompson, b. July 17, 1828; d. Sept. 27, 1828. 

10. viii. Charles Augustus, b. Aug. 20, 1830.+ 

11. ix. Alfreda Thompson, b. Sept. 21, 1831; m. Mar. 16, 1854, James 

R. Elliot of Mason. He was a publisher in Boston. Res. 
in Everett, Mass. Children: i. James Elliot, d. aged 2 
days. ii. Arthur Elliot, d. aged 4 years, iii. Grace Elliot, 
b. May 28, 1860. Supervisor of public schools of Everett. 

12. X. Semira Jane, b. Apr. 13, 1833; d. Sept. 23, 1861. She had a 

large tailoring establishment in Boston. 

13. xi. George Frederic, b. about 1835.+ 

14. xii. Andrew Plummer, b. Mar. 10, 1837.+ 

15. xiii. Harriet Josephine, b. Dec. 1, 1838; m. Sept. 21, 1865, George 

H., son of Charles Bullard. Res. Dorchester, Mass. Chil- 
dren: i. George Arthur Bullard, b. July 14, 1866; unm. ; 
he has an advertising agency in Boston, ii. IVilliani Osgood 
Billiard, h. May 30, 1868; unm.; he is in the employ of a 
boot and shoe house in Boston, iii. Clarence Paul Bullard, 
b. Sept. 11, 1872; d. Feb., 1874. Three other children who 
died young are not borne upon the record. 

2. John'^ (Jonas*', Jonas^ John*, John^, Thomas^, Thomas^). 
He came to New Ipswich a few years later than his brother, 
and worked with him several years, afterward removing to 

10. Charles Augustus^ (Charles^, Jonas*', Jonas^, John*, 
John^, Thomas^ Thomas^), b. Aug. 20, 1830; d. Oct., 1906; 
m. Aug. 20, 1854, Elizabeth Miller of Fitchburg. Mass. He 
was a hardware dealer in Charlestown, Mass. Children : 

16. i. Harriet, d. aged 4 years. 

17. ii. Frederic, d. in infancy. 

18. iii. Leon Herbert, d. aged 26 years. He entered Tufts College, 

afterward studied law and had begun practice in Boston. 

19. iv. Frank Elliot. He graduated from Tufts College in 1887, 

from Harvard Medical School in 1894, and is in practice at 
Somerville, Mass. 

20. v. Ernest, d. aged 17 years, while a student in Tufts College. 

13. George Frederic® (Charles'', Jonas*', Jonas^ John*, 
John^ Thomas^ Thomas^), b. about 1835; d. in Colorado. 
Fie went westward in early manhood, settled in Colorado, and 
"grew up with the state," living in different places, but finally 
becoming a dealer in tin and hardware at Salida. Children : 

21. i. Semira, d. young. 

22. ii. Alfreda, d. in infancy. 

23. iii. Frederic. He succeeded to his father's business. 

24. iv. Walter. He is also in the family business. 

25. V. Josephine, m. and has a famity. Res. in Salida. 












History of New Ipswich 

14. Andrew Plummer^ (Charles^ Jonas^, Jonas^ John*, 

John^ Thomas^, Thomas^), b. Mar. 10, 1837; d. June, 1906; 

m. Mary Page of Westminster, Mass. He was a dealer in tin 

and hardware at Winchendon, Mass. Children : 

26. i. Jennie Louise, b. 1858; m. Frank W. Puffer of Fitchburg, 
Mass. One daughter. 

Myra, b. 1860; d. Nov. 8, 1907; m. Oilman Fogg of Charles- 
town, Mass. 

Harry Osgood, b. Nov. 24, 1879. Five children. He suc- 
ceeded to his father's business. 

Hattie, b. 1872 ; d. aged 4 years. 

Clara, b. 1875 ; m. Frank R. Smith of Grand Junction, Colo. 

Gertrude, b. about 1882; m. Alvin E. Donnie of Bellows Falls, 


JoHN^ Bates, b. about 1642; d. about 1720; m. Mary . He was 

a cooper and yeoman at Chelmsford, Mass. 

JoHN^ (John'), d. about 1722; m. Deborah . Res. at Chelmsford. 

Edward^ (John^ John'), b. about 1696; m. Mary, dau. of John Snow 
of Nottingham, Mass. Res. in that part of Chelmsford which is now 

1. Joseph* (Edward^, John^, John^), b. Nov. 3, 1726; m. (1) 

Phebe ; (2) Dec. 12, 1781, Mary Davis. He came from 

Westford, Mass., to New Ipswich in 1751 and bought of Abi- 
jah Foster the lot upon which he had built the first house of 
the town, 33, N. D., including most of the land now occupied 
by the Center Village north of the Village Green, now marked 
by the soldiers' monument. He perhaps had a store earlier 
than that of Jonathan Dix, who has generally been considered 
the first trader in the town. If so, it probably was on the site 
of the present Appleton House, and was sold with the farm 
to David Hills about 1772. He was a very energetic chairman 
of the Committee of Correspondence and Inspection in 1775, 
and he gave military service in the Revolution at least on the 
occasion of the Concord alarm. He is said to have been a 
lieutenant and to have been present at the capture of Bur- 
goyne, but his name does not appear on the State Revolu- 
tionary Rolls of that time. He removed to Jaffrey about 1778, 
and was a member of the Committee of Safety in that town 
for that year, and later held important town offices. About 
1801 he removed to the northern part of the state of New 
York. Children : 

2. i. Joseph, b. May 29, 1757; m. Apr. 7, 1795, Lucy, dau. of Job 

Dodge of Jaffrey. He gave Revolutionary service. Child : 
i. John, m. Susan Kidder; res. Potsdam, N. Y. 



3. ii. Hannah, b. Sept. 10, 1759; d. May 14, 1762. 

4. iii. Philip, b. July 8, 1763 ; d. Dec. 4, 1764. 

5. iv. Hannah, b. Oct. 26, 1765 ; m. Lieut. Daniel Emery of Jaflfrey. 

6. V. Sarah, b. Jan. 1, 1767; d. Dec. 18, 1787; m. Alexander Emes 

of Dublin. Child: i. Sally Emes, d. Sept. 12, 1838; m. 
Farnum Fisk; res. at Potsdam, N. Y. 

7. vi. Peter, b. Mar. 21, 1770; m. Elizabeth Milliken of Sharon. 

Removed to Potsdam, N. Y., 1808. Eight children. 

8. vii. Anna, b. Aug. 13, 1775. 

[Here the New Ipswich record of births ceases, but the 
History of Jaflfrey gives additional names without dates of 

9. viii. Samuel, d. Oct. 14, 1838; m. June 21, 1810, Jenny, dau. of 

Moses Cutter of Jaflfrey. Res. Bradford. 

10. ix. Nancy, m. Apr. 21, 1803, Alexander Milliken of Sharon. 

11. X. Isaac, m. Oct. 14, 1796, Charlotte Bryant. Removed to St. 

Lawrence Co., N. Y., and thence to Springfield, 111., in 1831. 

Children: i. James, h. Mar. 2, 1803; res. Potsdam, N. Y., 

and Springfield, 111. ii. Oliver; res. Potsdam, N. Y. ; four 


Six more children of Isaac were born in Potsdam. 


John' Bellows, b. about 1623; d. 1683; m. May 9, 1655, Mary, dau. 
of John and Mary Wood of Concord and Marlboro, Mass. [d. Sept. 16, 
1707]. He is believed to have come to New England at the age of 12, 
in the "Hopewell," but with whom he came at that early age is unknown. 
His name first appears in the Concord records in 1645, and his life was 
passed in that town and in Marlboro, which last-named town was the 
place of his death and that of his wife. 

Benjamin' (John'), b. Concord, Jan. 18, 1676/7; m. Jan. 5, 1703/4, 
Dorcas (Cutler), widow of Henry Willard [d. Sept. 8, 1747]. He lived 
in Lancaster, Mass., whence he removed about 1728 to Lunenburg, Mass., 
where he and his wife died. 

Benjamin' (Benjamin=, John'), b. May 26, 1712; d. July 10, 1777; 
m. (1) Oct. 7, 1735, Abigail' Stearns of Watertown (John', Samuel', 
Isaac'), [b. June, 1708; d. Nov. 9, 1757]; (2) Apr. 21, 1758, Mary (Hub- 
bard), widow of John Jennison of Lunenburg, Mass. [b. Groton, Mass., 
Apr. 12, 1725; d. Feb. 21, 1794]. He went with his parents to Lunenburg, 
Mass., in 1728, and remained there until the age of forty, being a leading 
citizen and elected to all the important town offices. But in 1752 he 
removed to Walpole, N. H., incorporated in that year, and in this new 
enterprise he held so prominent a place that he was termed the founder 
of the town. The neighboring Bellows Falls perpetuate his name. In 
the necessary contests with the Indians he was brave and skilful, and held 
the positions of major and colonel. Henry W. Bellows, D. D., the Uni- 
tarian divine and president of the Sanitary Commission during the Civil 
War, was descended from Benjamin' by the line of Joseph', John', 
Henry WA 


History of New Ipswich 

Benjamin' (Benjamin', Benjamin', John'), b. Sept. 25, 1740; d. June 
4, 1802; m. Nov. 4, 1766, Phebe, dau. of Lieut. Caleb and Phebe (Lyman) 
Strong and sister of Governor and Senator Caleb Strong of Massachusetts 
[b. Jan. 2, 1740; d. Jan. 15, 1817]. He succeeded to his father's place as 
leading citizen of Walpole, and in addition to town honors he was a 
member of the state council, and also as Presidential elector voted for 
George Washington, and later for John Adams. His service in the field 
during the Revolution was long, and he rose to the position of general. 

Caleb^ (Benjamin^ Benjamin^ Benjamin", John^), b. July 29, 1767; 
d. Apr. 17, 1822; m. Mar. 6, 1791, Mary Hartwell (2). Like his father 
and grandfather he passed his life in Walpole, which, however, had then 
become too large to allow any man so pronounced leadership as they had 
exercised. He, however, held important town offices and was a colonel in 
the militia. He was a farmer and owned a very large amount of land. 
He had twelve children, of whom four may be claimed by New Ipswich. 

1. Ephraim Hartwell, b. Jan. 29, 1792.-)- 

2. Benjamin Franklin, b. Oct. 22, 1795 ; d. Dec. 24, 1818. Little 

is recorded concerning this member of the family, who died 
in early manhood, but apparently he was a resident in New 
Ipswich for several years, as his admission to the church 
six years before death is a matter of record. 

3. Laura Livermore, b. Sept. 17, 1804; d. Jan. 9, 1878; m. Apr. 

21, 1824, Dr. James Barr (2). 

4. Charles Cotesworth, b. May 6, 1813. -|- 

1. Ephraim Hartwell^ (Caleb^ Benjamin*, Benjamin^, 
Benjamin^, John^), b. Jan. 29, 1792; d. Jan. 5, 1861; m. Nov. 
24, 1818, Sarah, dau. of Roger and Mary (Hartwell) Brown, 
a cousin of her mother-in-law [b. Oct. 15, 1786; d. Feb. 15, 
1866]. He was adopted by his grandfather, Ephraim Hart- 
well, at the age of two years. New Ipswich became his home, 
and in due time he attended the Academy. He removed to 
Concord, Mass., where he was a manufacturer of cotton cloth. 
That heredity had its place in forming his character is in- 
dicated by his captaincy of a military company in Concord. 
Children : 

5. i. Benjamin Franklin, b. Oct. 9, 1819; d. Feb. 27, 1823. 

6. ii. Mary Brown, b. Nov. 14, 1821 ; d. June 19, 1837. 

7. iii. Sarah Elizabeth, b. Mar. 6, 1823 ; d. Oct. 28, 1909. 

8. iv. Ephraim Hartwell, b. Jan. 10, 1825 ; d. Dec. 16, 1825. 

9. v. Ephraim Hartwell, b. Aug. 18, 1826; d. Apr. 22, 1905; m. 

Apr. 30, 1848, Jane L. Read [d. July 30, 1849]. Res. in 
Cuba for twenty years; later after 1880 in Salem, Mass. 
An inventor and manufacturer. 

10. vi. George Lyman, b. Apr. 6, 1828; d. Nov. 26, 1863, unm. He 

was in business at Boston for some years, and later at 
Chicago. He served in the Civil War, entering as captain 
in the 51st Illinois Regt., and was promoted to major. He 
was killed at the battle of Missionary Ridge. 

11. vii. Frances Maria, b. Feb. 18, 1831; d. Jan. 15, 1835. 












4. Charles Cotesworth^ (Calebs Benjamin*, Benjamin^ 
Benjamin-, John^), b. May 6, 1813; d. Sept. 7, 1872; m. Oct. 
7, 1838, Abby Parker Champney (40). He followed mercan- 
tile pursuits in Dubuque, Iowa, Toledo, O., and Buffalo, N. Y., 
and was also occupied with useful inventions. He was en- 
gaged in the work of the Sanitary Commission during the 
Civil War. All of these activities forbade for a large part of 
the time his permanent residence with his family, which for 
many years occupied the house built by Rev. Stephen Farrar 
a little northwest from the old meeting-house on the hill. 
Children : 

Mary Narcissa, b. Feb. 1, 1841 ; d. July IS, 1842. 
Richard Mott, b. July 6, 1843; drowned July 18, 1857. 
Mary Abby, b. May 10, 1845; d. July 27, 1914; m. Nov. 23, 

1867, Dr. Francis N. Gibson (1). 
Charles Parker, b. Apr. 27, 1848; d. Oct. 1, 1863. 
Ellen Phebe, b. Nov. 13, 1851; d. Mar. 8, 1864. 


JoHN^ Bent, b. Penton-Grafton, County Essex, England, 1596; d. 

Sept. 27, 1672; m. about 1624, Martha ; [d. May 15, 1679]. He came 

to America in 1638, and settled in Sudbury, Mass., w^here he died. 

JoHN° (John^), b. Jan., 1636; d. Sept., 1717; m. (1) Hannah, dau. of 
John and Anne Stone of Cambridge, Mass. [b. June 6, 1640] ; (2) Martha, 
dau. of Matthew Rice [b. Aug. 17, 1657]. He lived in Framingham, his 
name being the first upon the petition for its formation. 

David^ (John^ John*), b. Framingham about 1691; d. Framingham, 
Feb. 15, 1730; m. Jan. 1, 1713, Mary, dau. of Capt. Thomas Drurv. 

David' (David', John', John'), b. Mar. 30, 1730; d. Rutland, Mass., 
Jan. 15, 1798; m. (1) Apr. 3, 1751, Lucy, dau. of Peter Moore of Rut- 
land; (2) Oct. 2, 1783, Martha, dau. of James and Elizabeth Browning 
of Rutland [b. Nov. 21, 1744; d. July 9, 1817]. He was a blacksmith and 
farmer in Rutland. He served as a captain in the Revolution. 

Samuel Browning' (David*, David^ John^ John'), b. Nov. 27, 1784; 
d. Middlebury, Vt., Dec. 4, 1858; m. (1) Jan. 1, 1807, Hannah, dau. of 
Oliver Watson, Jr. [b. Feb. 13, 1786; d. Sept. 7, 1813]; (2) Mar. 13, 1816, 
Catherine, dau. of Rev. Joseph Avery of Holden, Mass. [b. Feb. 3, 1788; 
d. Oct. 3, 1865]. He was a manufacturer of machine cards in Middle- 
bury, Vt. 

1. Samuel Watson^ (Samuel Browning^, David*, David^, 
John^, John^), b. Rutland, Oct. 27, 1811; d. Feb. 6, 1861; m. 
Aug. 3, 1836, Mary Narcissa, dau. of Joseph and Mary (Apple- 
ton) Barrett (11). He passed his boyhood in Middlebury; 
about 1827 he went to Boston, and five years later commenced 
business as a dry goods merchant. He went to California in 


History of New Ipswich 

1849, and soon after his return in 1851 he removed to New 
Ipswich and located upon the farm of his father-in-law, Joseph 
Barrett, to the management of which he gave careful attention 
during the rest of his life. Children : 

2. i. Samuel Arthur, b. July 1, 1841. + 

3. ii. Joseph Appleton, b. Feb. 22, 1843; d. Aug. 12, 1869. He 

graduated from Yale in 1865 with honorable record, and 
entered upon the study of law in Columbia Law School; his 
failure in health forbade the completion of his course of 

2. Samuel Arthur^ (Samuel Watson®, Samuel Browning^ 
David*, David^ John^, John^), b. July 1, 1841 ; m. Aug. 30, 1890, 
Mary Edna Thompson of Bridgewater, Mass. He graduated 
from Yale in 1861, and from Harvard Law School in 1865. He 
practiced in Boston for some years, and was at that time an 
active member of the school board of the city. He was in 
Europe from 1870 to 1878, and after his return for a few years 
was superintendent of the schools of Nashua and afterwards 
of Clinton, Mass. During those and later years he has been 
especially devoted to literary pursuits, a considerable amount 
of his work having been published. Child : 

4. i. Mildred, b. Nov. 6, 1891. 


John' Bigelow, b. about 1617; d. July 14, 1703; m. (1) Oct. 8, 1642, 
Mary, dau. of John and Margaret Warren [d. Oct. 19, 1691] ; (2) Oct. 2, 
1694, Sarah, dau. of Joseph Bemis. He was an early resident at Water- 
town, Mass., his m.arriage being the first recorded, the record being as 
follows: "1642-30-8 John Bigulah and Mary Warin joyned in mariag." 
He was chosen selectman several times. Inventory of his estate, i627, 12s. 

Joshua' (John'), b. Nov. 5, 1655; d. Feb. 1, 1745; m. Oct. 20, 1676, 
Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas and Mary Flagg [b. Mar. 22, 1657; d. Aug. 9, 
1729]. He lived in Watertown during most of his life, but d. in West- 
minster, Mass., whither his youngest son had removed. He was wounded 
in King Philip's war, for which he had a grant of land in Westminster. 

Joshua' (Joshua', John'), b. Nov. 25, 1677; d. May 9, 1728; m. Oct. 7, 
1701, Hannah, dau. of Nathaniel Fiske. He lived in that part of Water- 
town which is now in Weston. 

1. John* (Joshua^ Joshua^ John^), b. June 24, 1715; d. 
1787; m. Nov. 29, 1739, Grace Allen. He lived successively 
in Weston, Stow, Acton, and Westford, Mass., and in the last 
year of his life he came to New Ipswich, whither his son had 
come the preceding year, and he is said to have remained un- 
til his death, 



2. SiLAS^ (John^ Joshua^ Joshua^, John^), b. Stow, Mass., 
Mar. 17, 1750; d. May 17, 1797; m. Rachel Pitts of Townsend, 
Mass. [b. Dec. 25, 1755; d. Jan. 4, 1829]. He had lived in 
Westford, Lunenburg, and Ashburnham, Mass., before coming 
to New Ipswich. He bought the house of Samuel Whitte- 
more on lot 1, N. L. O., enlarged it and became an innholder 
there. It is uncertain whether the old "Bigelow tavern" build- 
ing is still included in the ruined house yet standing a little 
eastward from the "Gibson schoolhouse." Children : 

3. i. Silas, b. Jan. 9, 1775; d. Aug. 31, 1801. 

4. ii. Daniel, b. Apr. 3, 1776; m. Betsey T., dau. of Jonathan Wil- 

kins of Amherst. He remained in New Ipswich but a few 
years after reaching manhood. Ten children. 

5. iii. Samuel, b. Nov. 11, 1777; d. by drowning while engaged in 

lumbering at Holland Purchase, N. Y. He, too, remained 
in town but a few years. 

6. iv. Joel, b. Feb. 27, 1779; d. Aug. 2, 1807, unm. 

7. V. John, b. July 7, 1781 ; d. Nov., 1809, unm. 

8. vi. An infant, b. and d. Aug. 1, 1783. 

9 vii. Joseph, bapt. Nov. 13, 1785; d. June, 1786. 

10. viii. Betsey, b. Nov. 8, 1788; d. Nov. 25, 1867; m. 1804, Danforth 

Walker (S. 6). 

11. ix. MiLLY, b. Feb. 17, 1792; m. Sept. 23, 1813, David Walker 

(S. 8). Res. in Middlebury, Vt. 

12. X. Luther, b. Jan. 13, 1794; d. Oct. 6, 1832. He was a doctor 

in Carthage, Tenn., and Nashville, Tenn., in which last place 
he died. 


John' Binney, d. Nov. 10, 1698; m. Mercy [d. Jan. 19, 1708/9]. 

He came to Hull, Mass., about 1769, probably from Worksop, Notting- 
hamshire, England. He is styled "fisherman" and "gentleman." 

John= (John'), b. May 31, 1679; d. Hull, June 30, 1759; m. (1) May 
31, 1704, Hannah, dau. of Thomas and Hannah (Shaw) Paine [b. about 
1685; d. Jan. 14, 1757]; (2) Dec. 15, 1757, Mrs. Sarah Crosby of Boston. 

John' (John', John'), b. Hull, Apr. 23, 1705; d. Lincoln, Mass., Aug. 
14, 1760; m. Oct. 21, 1726, Hannah Jones. He was a doctor. He removed 
from Hull to Mendon about 1730, and to Weston or Wayland about 1745. 

1. John* (John^ John-, John^), b. Hull, Dec. 21, 1727; d. 
Jan. 23, 1784; m. (1) Dec, 1753, Elizabeth Ward of Mendon 
[d. Sept. 3, 1756] ; (2) (pub. Oct. 21, 1757), Dinah, dau. of 
Gamaliel and Mary Beaman of Lancaster, Mass. [b. Sept. 20, 
1728; d. Dec. 24, 1791]. He was a farmer in Weston, Lincoln, 
and Marlboro, Mass., before coming to New Ipswich in 1781. 


History of New Ipswich 

He lived upon the summit of the hill which took his name, 
on lot 100, N. L. O. Children: 

2. i. Elizabeth, b. June 21, 1756; d. Hillsboro, N. H., before 1802; 

m. Jan. 3, 1782, Elijah Fiske of Natick. Eight children. 

3. ii. Mary, b. Sept. 24, 1759; m. (1) Solomon Rice; (2) Ebenezer 

Parker. Three children. 

4. iii. Moses, b. Sept. 19, 1761.+ 

5. iv. Abigail, b. Apr. 11, 1763; m. after her sister's death, Elijah 

Fiske, then a resident of Hillsboro, N. H. 

6. V. John, b. May 25, 1764.+ 

7. vi. David, b. about 1769; prob. d. young. 

8. vii. Thomas, b. Apr. 24, 1771; d. Dec. 10, 1853; m. (1) Mar. 7, 

1796, Lucinda, dau. of Col. Richard Roberts [b. Dec. 4, 
1776; d. Mar. 10, 1845]; (2) May 7, 1846, Hephzibah, dau. 
of John and Grace Davis of Whitingham, Vt. He removed 
from New Ipswich soon after 1800, and was a farmer in 
Barre, Mass.. Westminster, Vt., and Wilmington, Vt. 

4. MosES^ (John*, John^ John^ John^), b. Sept. 19, 1761; 
d. Concord, Mass., Sept. 28, 1788; m. June 8, 1786, Elizabeth, 
dau. of Stephen and Elizabeth Hosmer of Concord, Mass. [b. 
Jan. 21, 1765 ; d. Mar. 3, 1847]. Res. Concord, Mass. Children : 

9. i. Polly, b. Oct. 17, 1787. 

10. ii. Betsey, b. May 18, 1789. 

6. JoHN^ (John*, John^ John^, John^), b. May 25, 1764; d. 
New York state, Aug. 6, 1844; m. (1) June 6, 1793, Anna 
Walker (J. 3) ; (2) Jan. 25, 1816, Lucretia Fox (9). He suc- 
ceeded to his father's farm on Binney Hill. Children: 

11. i. Mary, b. Feb., 1794; d. Oct. 11, 1794. 

12. ii. John, b. about 1795; d. in infancy. 

13. iii. Moses, b. Aug. 20, 1796; d. Somerville, Mass., Jan., 1880; m. 

(1) Phebe, dau. of John and Susanna (Page) Wetherbee 
of Rindge [b. Mar. 8, 1793 or 91 ; d. Nov. 10, 1837] ; (2) 
1838, Elizabeth Perham of Boston. He was a leather dealer 
in Boston, and a leather cushion maker in Cambridge. He 
had seven children, of whom most died young. 

14. iv. Polly, b. June 19, 1798; m. Apr. 12, 1819, William Merriam 

of Princeton, Mass. Five children. 

15. v. John Walker, b. Aug. 4, 1800; m. May 9, 1826, Susan, dau. 

of Isaac and Elizabeth (Hartwell) Wood of Rindge [b. 
1792; d. 1873]. Res. in Keene, where he was a deacon. 

16. vi. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 7, 1802; m. Sept. 26, 1833, John Evans, a 

farmer in New York, Indiana, and Florida. Two children. 

17. vii. Sarah, b. Nov. 6, 1804; m. Jan. 25, 1825, Emory Conant, a 

farmer of Sudbury, Mass. Six children. 

18. viii. Anna W., (first named Ruth, but legally changed,) b. Mar. 

27, 1807; d. Jan. 9, 1844; m. Aug. 28, 1832, Jonathan Rand 
of Keene. Three children. 




The early ancestral line of this family is not easily determined, as 
the apparently reliable published statements are somewhat contradictory. 
But the following facts of colonial days appear to be satisfactorily evi- 

John* Blanchard, b. in England; d. 1693/4; m. (1) about 1657, 
Elizabeth, dau. of Joseph and Rose (Clark) Hills [bapt. Oct. 21, 1627; d. 
about 1662] ; (2) Hannah, dau. of Richard and Alive Brackett, and widow 
of Samuel Kingsley [b. or bapt. Jan. 4, 1633/4; d. July 3, 1706]. He res. 
in Charlestown, Chelmsford, and Dunstable. He was a deacon. 

Thomas' (John*), b. 1668; d. Mar. 9, 1727; m. (1) Feb. 13, 1688/9, 
Tabitha, dau. of Michael and Isabel Lepingwell [b. May 18, 1661; d. Nov. 
29, 1696]; (2) Oct. 4, 1698, Ruth, dau. of Peletiah' Adams (Thomas*, 
Henry*) [b. Mar. 8, 1673]. 

Joseph^ (John*), b. Nov. 1, 1672; d. 1727; m. May 25, 1696, Abiah, 
dau. of Joseph Hassell [b. about 1676; d. Dec. 8, 1746]. He was a leading 
man in Dunstable, and bore the title of captain. 

William' (Thomas', John*), b. Sept. 5, 1714; d. Feb. 17, 1805; m. 
Feb. 28, 1733/4, Deliverance, probably dau. of Nathaniel and Lydia Parker 
[b. July 28, 1714] ; but possibly dau. of Samuel Searles of Dunstable, and 

widow of Parker. Res. in Dunstable and in Litchfield. He was 

taken prisoner by the Indians, while in service at the Ashuelot garrison, 
and was held some months. 

1. Joseph^ (Joseph-, John^), b. Feb. 11, 1704; d. Apr. 7, 
1758; m. Sept. 26, 1728, Rebecca Hubbard, dau. of Major Jona- 
than and Rebecca (Brown) [b. Feb. 11, 1710/11; d. Apr. 17, 
1774]. Although he was never an actual resident in New 
Ipswich, he was so closely connected with its early history 
that he rightly has a place in this record. As agent of the 
Masonian Proprietors he signed the Masonian Charter giving 
title to the land. He was owner of one of the 63 original 
rights and was the first treasurer of the Proprietors of the 
town. Very probably he might have had a part in its develop- 
ment but for his death a few years later. He was a colonel. 

2. Simeon* (William^ Thomas^, John^), b. Groton, Mass., 
June 11, 1747; d. June 22, 1822; m. Feb. 28, 1776, Elizabeth, 
dau. of John and Elizabeth Shattuck [b. about 1752; d. Feb. 
9, 1844]. He settled in New Ipswich a little before his mar- 
riage, and bought a farm upon the Massachusetts line (84, 
A. D.,) where he passed his life. He served a few days in the 
company of Capt. Silas Wright of Stoddard which marched 
upon one of the Ticonderoga alarms in 1777. Children : 

3. i. Simeon, b. Nov. 25, 1776.-]- 

4. ii. Betsey, b. Nov. 25, 1778; m. Sept. 6, 1797, Simeon Wright. 

5. iii. Levi, b. Dec. 17, 1780.+ 


History of New Ipswich 

6. iv. Louisa, b. Jan. 1, 1783; m. Jan. 22, 1805, Isaiah Wright. 

7. V. Sarah, b. July 24, 1785; d. Jan. 18, 1859, unm. Res. New 


8. vi. William, b. May 3, 1788.+ 

9. vii. James, b. Apr. 29, 1790.+ 

10. viii. Charlotte, b. Aug. 16, 1792; m. Dec. 12, 1815, David Whitney. 

Res. Ashby, Mass. Children : i. James N. Whitney, ii. 
Lucius M. Whitney, iii. George S. Whitney, iv. Mary C. 
Whitney, v. Harriet M. Whitney, vi. Charles E. Whitney. 

3. Simeon^ (Simeon*, William^, Thomas^ John^), b. Nov. 
26, 1776; m. Submit Winship. He settled in Roxbury, N. H. 
Children : 

11. i. HoSEA, b. Mar. 20, 1801. 

12. ii. Charles G. 

13. iii. Nancy. 

14. iv. Susan. 

15. V. Sarah. 

16. vi. Amos M. 

17. vii. Joseph Winship, b. Dec. 21, 1822. 

5. Levi^ (Simeon^ William^, Thomas^, John^), b. Dec. 17, 
1780; d. Mar. 12, 1857; m. Apr. 16, 1807, Hannah, dau. of 
Kendall and Hannah Nichols [b. Jan. 28, 1791; d. Oct. 28, 
1871]. At about the age of twenty-five years he settled in 
the western part of Sharon, where he had a sawmill for twenty 
years or more, returning to New Ipswich in 1829, and after a 
brief residence near Kidder Mountain (N. D. 55,) he settled 
in the Pratt Pond region, living for several years upon the 
farm at the end of the road just east from the pond, (XV: 3, 
S. R.,) and afterward with his son Gilman, one lot farther to 
the north. Children : 

18. i. Betsy, b. June 5, 1809; m. Oct. 31, 1833, Nathan Stone (26). 

19. ii. Marinda, b. Mar. 8, 1812; m. Dec. 24, 1835, Lebanon Brown 

(T. 87). 

20. iii. Elvira, b. July 21, 1814; d. Jan. 3, 1876; m. Dec. 4, 1834, 

George W. Wheeler (64). 

21. iv. Gilman, b. May 4, 1817.+ 

22. V. Hannah, b. Aug. 20, 1819; m. Apr. 6, 1848, Hosea Snow of 

Keene. Child : i. Francella Maria Snow. 

23. vi. Levi Monroe, b. June 16, 1822.+ 

24. vii. Clarissa, b. July 29, 1824; d. Apr. 7, 1895; m. May 2, 1851, 

Elijah Edwards of Natick, Mass. Children: i. Franklin 
Elijah Edwards, ii. William Alfred Edwards. 

25. viii. Julia Ann, b. Sept. 17, 1827; d. Mar. 31, 1845. 

26. ix. Horace Kendall, b. June 9, 1830.-|- 

27. X. Charles Rodney, b. June 10, 1832.+ 

28. xi. SopHRONiA, b. Aug. 22, 1835. 









8. William^ (Simeon*, William^, Thomas^, John^), b. May 
3. 1788; d. Mar. 31, 1869; m. Susan Farnsworth (19) [b. about 
1787; d. Dec. 23, 1873]. He passed his life as a farmer, suc- 
ceeding to his father's farm. Children : 

29. i. Louisa, b. July 14, 1811; m. (1) Austin Dinsmore; (2) 

Johnson; (3) Jonathan Sherwin. Children: \. Maria Dins- 
more, ii. George A. Dinsmore. iii. Mary Jane Dinsmore. 
iv. Louisa, d. young. 

30. ii. Susan, b. Jan. 29, 1813; d. Jan. 29, 1846; m. May 7, 1833, 

Webster Reed. Res. at Maiden, Mass. Children : i. 
Charles Reed. ii. George Reed. 

31. iii. Harriet Maria, b. Oct. 2, 1814; d. Sept. 7, 1900; m. Sept. 29, 

1836, John C. Hildreth (10). 
William Hale, b. Feb. 8, 1816.+ 
Eben H., b. Apr. 11, 1818; d. Aug. 7, 1819. 
Mary Ann, b. Dec. 19, 1819; d. Aug. 27, 1853; m. William 

Billings. She lived in Worcester. Children : i. William 

Billings, ii. Clarence Billings. 

35. vii. Andros J., b. Apr. 15, 1821; d. Mar. 2, 1907; m. 1856, Eliza- 

beth, widow of Hiram Shepard of Worcester, Mass. He 
left his home at the age of nineteen and was engaged in the 
manufacture of shoes at Hartford, Ct., Albion, N. Y., and 
Worcester, Mass., successively until 1866, when he returned 
to his native town, and passed his remaining years on the 
farm of his boyhood. 

36. viii. AsENATH Taylor, b. Oct. 28, 1822; d. Mar. 12, 1914; m. June 

5, 1844, Richard H. Davis (107). 

37. ix. Henry C, b. Mar. 5, 1824; m. 1847, Sarah Jane Emory [b. 

Sept. 20, 1824; d. Aug. 26, 1902]. He was a farmer at 

Sherman, Wis. Children : i. Ernest D. ii. Edith, m. 
C. G. Sedgwick. 

38. X. George H., b. Nov. 3, 1825; m. Vianna L. Wood. He was a 

machinist in Worcester, Mass. Children : i. George ; he 
is a provision dealer in Worcester, ii. Emma. 

39. xi. Lurena B., b. Jan. 20, 1829; d. Sept. 24, 1863; m. Kendall 

Bailey. Res. Templeton and Gardner, Mass. Children : i. 
Ada Bailey, ii. George K. Bailey; res. in Boston. 

9. James^ (Simeon*, William^ Thomas-, John^), b. Apr. 29, 
1790; m. June, 1822, Lydia Brown of Ashby. He lived in 
Peterboro. Children : 

40. i. Nancy. 

41. ii. Jason. 

42. iii. Joseph. 

43. iv. Maria, d. Feb. 7, 1859; m. Horace Davis (98). 

44. V. Elizabeth. 

45. vi. Myron. 

46. vii. Caroline. 


History of New Ipswich 

21. Oilman® (Levi^, Simeon*, William^, Thomas-, John^), 
b. May 4, 1817; d. Mar. 28, 1894; m. Jan. 2, 1844, Sarah Eliza- 
beth Wheeler (40). He passed his life as a farmer on XV: 2, 
S. R., where he also had a sawmill. Children : 

47. i. Julia E., b. July 26, 1845; d. May 1, 1847. 

48. ii. George Gilman, b. May 13, 1849; d. Aug. 14, 1872. 

49. iii. Emma L., b. Jan. 12, 1858; m. (1) Jan. 31, 1876. Fred A. 

Wheeler (167), from whom she was separated by divorce; 

(2) Sept. 15, 1893, George H. Woodward [d. Dec. 26, 1896] ; 

(3) Feb. 20, 1901, Freeman S. Tucker [d. June 1, 1903]. 
Three children. 

50. iv. Carrie M. H., b. June 19, 1862; m. Apr. 16, 1884, Herbert W. 

Chandler (122). 

51. V. Guy Clifford, b. Feb. 21, 1868.+ 

23. Levi Monroe® (Levi^, Simeon*, William^ Thomas^ 
John^), b. June 16, 1822; d. June 15, 1893; m. Apr. 22. 1845, 
Eliza Nutting, dau. of EzekieP [b. Dec. 5, 1819; d. Apr. 1, 
1891]. He lost one arm while a young man by an accident 
in the shop in which he was working, but still supported him- 
self and family by agricultural and mechanical labor in New 
Ipswich and Ashby. Children : 

52. i. George Monroe, b. Dec. 15, 1849.+ 

53. ii. Herbert J., b. June 5, 1856.-J- 

26. Horace Kendall*' (Levi^ Simeon*, William.^ Thomas-, 
John^), b. June 9, 1830; d. Nov. 23, 1899; m. (1) Nov. 2, 1856, 
Mary Ellen, dau. of Jacob and Martha Pufifer of Leominster, 
Mass. [d. Feb. 20, 1888] ; (2) Sept. 23, 1889, Mary J. Cochran 
of Clinton, Mass. Children : 

54. i. Mary Frances, b. Aug. 29, 1858; m. Feb. 10, 1879, John 

Trimble of Clinton, Mass. Children: i. Frederick Elmon 
Trimble; he died while returning from service in the Cuban 
War. ii. Walter Henry Trimble, iii. Albert Everett Trim- 
ble, iv. Mabel Frances Trimble, v. Elmer Trimble. 

55. ii. Arthur Horace, b. June 8, 1859.-1- 

56. iii. Cora Adelia, b. Aug. 12, 1863; m. Nov. 28, 1888, William H. 

Benson of Clinton, Mass. Children: i. George Edward 
Benson, ii. Arthur Frederick Benson. 

57. iv. Carrie Bernice, b. Nov. 21, 1870; m. Nov. 6, 1889, Myron F. 

Scott of Clinton, Mass. Children : i. Harold Floyd Scott. 
ii. Bernice Marion Scott. 

27. Charles Rodney^ (Levi^ Simeon*, William^ Thomas^, 
JohnO, b. June 10, 1832; d. Apr. 13, 1908; m. May 2, 1858, 
Matilda Miller [d. Jan. 25, 1907]. He lived in Rindge and in 
Ashby. Child: 

58. i. Charles M., b. East Rindge, May 13, 1864.+ 



32. William Hale« (William^, Simeon*, William^ 
Thomas^ John^), b. Feb. 8, 1816; d. Nov. 1, 1859; m. 1839, 
Hannah Conrey [b. about 1815; d. July 16, 1866]. He was 
a machinist at Nashua in his early manhood, but in 1845 he 
returned to his native town and passed his remaining life 
upon the paternal farm, except four years during which he 
lived at Smithville in the most easterly house in the village 
upon the road to Gibson Village. Children : 

59. i. Josephine, b. Nashua, Sept. 17, 1841; d. Dec. 16, 1854. 

60. ii. Edwin Franklin, b. Feb. 18, 1845. + 

61. iii. Jennie H., b. Sept. 7, 1854; m. Jan. 1, 1877, William Rayner. 

She has lived at Andover, Neponset, and Newton. Chil- 
dren : i. William A. Rayner. ii. Edwin R. Rayner. iii. 
Fred I. Rayner. iv. Harry W. Rayner. v. George F. Ray- 
ner. vi. Herbert C. Rayner. 

62. iv. Susan J., b. Apr. 13, 1858; d. Apr. 16, 1863. 

51. Guy Clifford^ (Gilman*^, Levi°, Simeon*, William^ 
Thomas^, John^, b. Feb. 21, 1868; m. Nov. 28, 1889, Ida L. A. 
Partridge. He lives at Smithville. Children: 

63. i. Grace E., b. Apr. 19, 1894. 

64. ii. Helen L., b. Dec. 14, 1895. 

65. iii. James M., b. Dec. 19, 1897. 

66. iv. Inez, b. Oct. 13, 1901. 

52. George Monroe^ (Levi Monroe*', Levi^ Simeon*, Wil- 
lianl^ Thomas^, John^), b. Dec. 15, 1849; m. 1872, Hattie E. 
Lawrence of Ashby, Mass. [d. Feb. 18, 1904]. He lives in 
Ashby. Children : 

67. i. George Levi, b. July 12, 1873. 

68. ii. Fred Monroe, b. Dec. 23, 1876. 

69. iii. Amos Andrew, b. Dec. 12, 1879. 

70. iv. Cora Martha, b. Mar. 17, 1884; d. Jan. 15, 1904. 

71. V. Grace Amanda, b. Oct. 8, 1889. 

53. Herbert J.^ (Levi Monroe", Levi^ Simeon*, William^ 
Thomas^, John^), b. June 5, 1856; m. Lizzie Booth of Ashby. 
Children : 

72. i. Nelson Herbert, b. Aug. 5, 1875. 

73. ii. Francella Eliza, b. Mar. 15, 1877. 

74. iii. Horace Levi, b. Jan. 14, 1879. 

75. iv. LiNNiE Etta, b. Jan. 23, 1881. 

76. V. Elmer, b. June 18, 1885. 

55. Arthur Horace" (Horace K.«, Levi% Simeon*, Wil- 
liam^ Thomas-^ John^), b. June 8, 1859; m. Isabella Colton. 
He lives at Clinton, Mass. Children : 


History of New Ipswich 

11. i. Mary Ellen, b. Aug. 30, 1881 ; d. Jan. 25, 1886. 

78. ii. Cora Bernice, b. Jan. 10, 1884. 

79. iii. William Colter, b. Oct. 4, 1889. 

80. iv. Arthur Perley, b. July 12, 1892. 

58. Charles M.^ (Charles R.^, Levi^, Simeon*, William^ 
Thomas^ John^), b. May 13, 1864; m. Oct. 19, 1898, Sarah J. 
Gnider. Res. at Natick, Mass. Children : 

81. i. Dorothy Alice, b. Oct. 2, 1907. 

60. Edwin Franklin^ (William Hale*^, William^ Simeon*, 
WilIiam^ Thomas^, John^), b. Feb. 18, 1845; m. Oct. 21, 1868, 
Mary E. Knowlton (72). He succeeded to his father's home 
in Smithville, and has lived there except during a few years 
of his early manhood. He also occupies the shop and water- 
power a few rods above the Smithville bridge, where he has 
facilities for various kinds of woodwork. He has held the 
office of selectman for several years, and has also represented 
the town in the Legislature and in Constitutional Convention. 
He served in the Civil War for a year, 1864-65, in the 4th 
Massachusetts Heavy Artillery. Children : 

82. i. Susie E., b. July 25, 1869; d. July 6, 1903; m. Sept. 17, 1890, 

Elwood E. Livingston. Res. in Fitchburg, Mass. Child: 
i. Ruth Harriet Livingston, b. July 6, 1892. 

83. ii. Edith A., b. Mar. 1, 1874; m. 1897, Charles W. Woodward. 

Res. in Fitchburg, Mass. Child : i. Mildred Mary Wood- 
ward, b. Apr. 24, 1898. 

84. iii. Alice M., b. Feb. 22,, 1877; m. Oct. 28, 1897, Charles Hardy. 

Res. at Concord Junction, Mass. 


Thomas^ Bliss, of Belstone parish, Devonshire, England, b. 1550-60; 
d. 1635-40. He was a Puritan, ruined in health and estate by the perse- 
cution of Archbishop Laud. 

Jonathan" (Thomas^), b. at Belstone, 1575-80; d. 1635-36. He was 
a victim of the same persecution as his father, and died from a fever 
contracted while in prison. 

Thomas'* (Jonathan^, Thomas^), b. at Belstone; d. Rehoboth, Mass., 
June, 1649; m. probably a widow Ide (or Hyde). He came to America 
in 1636, and having landed at Boston, went to Braintree, Mass., thence 
to Hartford, Conn., and then back to Weymouth, before settling with 
others at Rehoboth in 1643. 

Jonathan'' (Thomas^ Jonathan^ Thomas'), b. about 1625; d. about 
1687; m. Miriam Harmon. He probably came to America with his father. 
He was a blacksmith at Rehoboth. 

Jonathan^ (Jonathan*, Thomas', Jonathan^ Thomas^, b. Rehoboth, 
Sept., 1666; d. Oct. 16, 1719; m. (1) June 23, 1691, Miriam Carpenter [b. 



Oct. 24, 1674; d. May 23, 1706] ; (2) Apr. 10, 1711, Mary French of Reho- 
both. He was a blacksmith and a leading citizen of his native town. 

Ephraim' (Jonathan^, Jonathan", Thomas^ Jonathan^ Thomas'), b. 
Rehoboth, Aug. 15, 1699; m. Dec, 1723, Rachel Carpenter. He held a 
lieutenant's commission. 

Abadial' (Ephraim*, Jonathan^ Jonathan*, Thomas^ Jonathan^ 
Thomas'), b. Dec. IS, 1740; d. Calais, Vt., June 10, 1805; m. Nov. 6, 1759, 
Lydia Smith of Rehoboth [b. 1740; d. Mar. 27, 1820]. He was a farmer 
in Rehoboth, and also at Calais, whither he removed about 1798. He 
represented Calais in the legislature. 

Abadial' (Abadial', Ephraim^ Jonathan^ Jonathan\ Thomas', Jona- 
than', Thomas'), b. Rehoboth, July 8, 1768; m. Jan. 20, 1785, Sybil Whea- 
ton [b. Feb. 28, 1755; d. June 13, 1850]. He remained in his native town, 
not removing with the rest of his father's family to Vermont. 

1. James Wheaton^ (AbadiaP, Abadial^, Ephraim®, Jona- 
than^, Jonathan*, Thomas^, Jonathan^, Thomas^), b. Rehoboth, 
Nov. 8, 1792; d. June 17, 1867; m. July 27, 1817, Dolly Claflin 
[b. Rome, N. Y., Mar. 14, 1798; d. May 16, 1870]. He came 
to New Ipswich in 1821 and settled in Bank Village, where 
he was a machinist and carpenter. He built himself a house 
upon the north side of the main road, it being- the second house 
northerly from the brick bank building. This was his home 
until his death and has since been occupied by his descendants. 
He was a skilful and trustworthy mechanic in largely varied 
lines of work, as is evidenced by his long-continued connection 
with the cotton factories. He superintended the erection of 
three of the factories upon the Souhegan, the "Waterloom," 
now standing unused in the Bank Village, the "Souhegan," 
standing until its destruction by fire in 1838 on the site of the 
present Columbian factory below the High Bridge, and the 
first of the factories of the same company at Greenville. 
Nearly all of the machinery in those mills was made by him 
or under his inspection in the machine shop connected with 
the "Waterloom" mill, and he was manager of all those mills 
until a division of such duties in 1835. Children : 

2. i. Mary B., b. Nov. 19, 1819; d. in infancy. 

3. ii. Harriet Newell, b. Nov. 1, 1821; d. Feb. 26, 1907; m. Aug. 

30, 1842, Dr. Jeoffard E. Goldsmith [b. Wilton, June 14, 
1817; d. Sept. 28, 1843]. He had taken his medical degree 
at Harvard Medical School, and had settled in Rindge, but 
his brief practice was closed by a fatal illness. She re- 
turned to New Ipswich and was a successful teacher for 
many years, and the same is true of her only child, Anna 
Augusta Goldsmith, who was also one of the first women to 
receive election as a member of the school board of the 



History of New Ipswich 

4. iii. Sarah Claflin, b. Mar. 24, 1824; d. Nov. 23, 1895; m. Oct. 

12, 1853, Andrew Henry, an engineer on the Fitchburg 
railroad for more than thirty years [b. Worcester, Mass., 
Oct. 22, 1821]. Children: i. James Wheaton Henry, b. Sept. 
25, 1854; d. Nov. 26, 1911; he graduated from Dartmouth 
College in 1878, and was a teacher in Missouri and Cali- 
fornia, ii. Anne Claflin Henry, b. Dec. 11, 1856; d. June 2, 
1858. iii. William Claflin Henry, b. Mar. 6, 1859; he is treas- 
urer and manager of the Waltham Clock Co. 

5. iv. James Wheaton, b. Mar. 1, 1826; d. Mar. 29, 1826. 

6. V. Martha Ann, b. June 29, 1828; d. Oct. 28, 1828. 

7. vi. George Barrett, b. July 12, 1830; d. Temple, Feb. 9, 1888. He 

was a machinist. 

8. vii. James Henry, b. Sept. 27, 1834; d. Jan. 29, 1888; m. Oct. 31, 

1874, Elvira L. Lane. Children: i. Anna Sophronia, b. July 
23, 1875; d. Dec. 23, 1875. ii. James Henry Wheaton, b. Nov. 
3, 1876. 


James' Blood, d. Dec. 17, 1683; m. Ellen [d. Aug. 1, 1674]. He 

is said to have come from England and to have settled in Concord, Mass., 
about 1638, and to have made that place his home until his death. 

Richard^ (James'), d. Dec. 7, 1638. He was a prominent original 
proprietor of Groton, Mass., holding the offices of selectman and town 

Robert' (James'), d. Oct. 27, 1701; m. Apr. 8, 1653, Elizabeth, dau. 
of Maj. Simon Willard of Concord [d. Aug. 29, 1692]. He was a large 
landowner in that part of Concord, Mass., which is now Carlisle. 

James" (Richard', James'), d. Sept. 16, 1692; m. (1) Sept. 7, 1669, 

Elizabeth Longley; (2) after 1675, Abigail . Res. Groton, Mass. He 

was killed by the Indians. 

Josiah'' (Robert-, James'), b. Apr. 6, 1664; d. July 2, 1731; m. (1) 
March 4, 1688, Mary Barrett; (2) Feb. 3, 1690/2, Mary Tory. Res. Con- 
cord, Mass. 

John' (James', Richard', James'), b. March 16, 1689; d. Aug. 23, 
1758; m. July 13, 1712, Joanna Nutting. Res. Groton, Mass. 

Stephen* (Josiah', Robert', James'), b. Feb. 22, 1703/4; m. Mary 
. Res. Concord. 

Caleb' (John\ James', Richard', James'), b. Nov. 23, 1734; d. Dec. 
9, 1804; m. (1) Nov. 1, 1753, Hannah Holden [b. July 6, 1735; d. Sept. 1, 
1773]; (2) March 3, 1774, Elizabeth Farnsworth [d. Dec. 9, 1819]. Res. 
Groton, Mass. 

Francis' (Stephen', Josiah', Robert', James'), b. March 18, 1735/6; m. 
Elizabeth Spaulding of Pepperell, Mass. He removed from his native 
town. Concord, Mass., in 1763, and settled in Temple, where he passed 
his life, acquiring a large property for those days, holding nearly every 
office in the gift of the town, sitting in the Senate and Council of the 
state, and holding a commission as brigadier-general. 

Timothy" (Caleb', John', James', Richard', James'), b. Sept. 8, 1778; 
m. Nov. 15, 1798, Sibbel, dau. of Levi and Sibbel (Gibson) Woods of 
Pepperell, Mass. [b. Apr. 23, 1777; d. July 28, 1812]. Res. Groton, Mass. 


Ephraim' (Francis", Stephen*, Josiah', Robert''", James'), b. Mar. 6, 
1779; m. (1) Patty, dau. of Oliver Whiting of Temple [b. Feb. 13, 1780; 
d. Jan. 17, 1800] ; (2) Apr. 6, 1802, Rebecca, dau. of Caleb Maynard of 
Temple; (3) Goldsmith. Res. Temple. 

Ephraim Whiting' (Ephraim^ Francis', Stephen', Josiah', Robert' 
James^), b. July 26, 1799; d. Dec. 29, 1837; m. (1) June 8, 1828, Fanny,' 
dau. of Oliver Whiting, Jr., of Temple [b. Mar. 17, 1807; d. July 18, 1830] ; 
(2) June 2, 1835, Lavinia Ames (5). Res. Temple. 

1. Calvin^ (Timothy^ Caleb^ John*, James^, Richard^, 

James^), b. Sept. 10, 1806; d. Nov. 2, 1894; m. (1) ; (2) 

Caroline, dau. of Stephen and Asenath (Shedd) Woods of 
Pepperell, Mass. [b. Aug. 1, 1814; d. March 20, 1895]. He 
came to New Ipswich about 1858 and settled upon the Abijah 
Smith farm, (34, N. D.,) where he passed his life. Children: 

2. i. Luther, b. March 20, 1836; m. (1) Walker; (2) . 

Res. South Easton, Mass. Three sons of first marriage. 

3. ii. Elizabeth, m. James Hitchings. Res. Groton, Mass. 

4. iii. Sarah, m. Luther Blodgett. Seven children. 

5. iv. Calvin, m. Nov. 22, 1864, Nettie E. Wright of Pepperell, 

Mass. Res. Ayer, Mass. 

6. V. Stephen Dana, b. Dec, 1842. + 

7. vi. Albert, b. May 28, 1845.+ 

6. Stephen Dana^ (Calvin^, Timothy*', Caleb^, John^ 
James^ Richard^, James^), b. Dec, 1842; m. Nov. 27, 1867, 
Jennie E. Withington. Res. New Ipswich. Children : 

9. i. Orange Adams, b. June 16, 1869; d. Oct. 21, 1869. 

10. ii. Alice Cordelia, b. Oct. 8, 1870; m. May 25, 1891, Andrew H. 

Willard, Jr. (14). 

11. iii. Henry Herbert, b. Apr. 5, 1873; d. Aug. 25, 1876. 

12. iv. Gilbert Calvin, b. Nov. 19, 1874. 

13. V. Caroline Isabel, b. Dec. 29, 1876. 

14. vi. Eugene Nelson, b. June 13, 1879. 

15. vii. Waldo, b. May 30, 1881. 

16. viii. Oscar, b. Oct. 8, 1884. 

17. ix. Mabel Elsie, b. Jan. 12, 1887; m. Dec. 8, 1908, C. Alvah 


18. X. Edith May, b. Sept. 21, 1891. 

7. Albert^ (Calvin'^, Timothy*', Caleb^, John*, James^, 
Richard^ James^), b. May 28, 1845; m. Sept. 12, 1872, Sarah 
Jane, dau. of Albert Taylor [b. Jan. 20, 1852]. Res. New 
Ipswich. Children : 

19. i. George A., b. May 12, 1875; d. Sept. 12, 1897. 

20. ii. Charles A., b. Oct. 25, 1877; m. Oct. 11, 1899, Lottie A. 

Thompson of Fitzwilliam. He is a clerk in Fitchburg, Mass. 
Six children. 


History of New Ipswich 

8. Henry Ames^ (Ephraim W/, Ephraim*', Francis^, 
Stephen*, Josiah^, Robert-, James^), b. June 7, 1836; d. Dec. 
30, 1900; m. (1) August 15, 1862, Mary Jane Marshall (7); 
(2) Oct. 14, 1880, Mary Ellen Miller of Salem, Mass. [b. about 
1842; d. Aug., 1905]. He passed his youth with his mother 
in New Ipswich, preparing for college at Appleton Academy. 
He then entered Dartmouth, graduating in 1857. The follow- 
ing years were devoted to writing the History of Temple, 
published in 1860. After teaching for two years he removed 
to Washington, D. C, where he passed the remainder of his 
life, being for many years a clerk in the State Department. He 
was favorably known as a writer, especially of short poems. 

21. i. Royal Henry, b. July 29, 1884; d. Oct. 18, 1892. 


1. James^ Bolton, b. about 1804; d. Mar. 21, 1874; m. 
Margaret McGregor [b. about 1810; d. Mar. 27, 1874]. He 
lived in Paisley, Scotland, where he was a weaver of Paisley 
cashmere shawls. He came to America with his wife and 
younger children in 1859, his older sons having come, one by 
one, somewhat earlier. They settled at the High Bridge Vil- 
lage. Children : 

2. i. Alexander, b. about 1835. -f 

3. ii. James, b. about 1837; d. young. 

4. iii. Charles S., b. about 1838.-|- 

5. iv. George G., b. about 1840.-i- 

6. V. John S., b. about 1843.+ 

7. vi. Margaret, b. about 1845; m. Henry Wilkes. Res. Lawrence, 

Mass. Four children. 

8. vii. James, b. May 1, 1847.+ 

9. viii. Thomas King, b. about 1849.-|- 

10. ix. Lizzie K., b. about 1851; m. Walter Thorn, an artist in Bos- 


2. Alexander^ (James^), b. about 1835; d. Dec, 1908; m. 
Margaret Bisland. He was the first of the family in America, 
coming about 1854, and working for a time in the Columbian 
mills, but later removing to New York city, where he was 
occupied with stoves and tinware and also as a plumber. 
Children : 

11. i. William. 

12. ii. Cora. 



4. Charles S.^ (James^), b. about 1838; d. about 1905; m. 
Abby Eldredge of Bangor, Me. He was a soldier in the British 
army, but purchased his discharge and came to America about 
1856. He was for a time a machinist at Andover, Mass. He 
served through the Civil War in the 17th Massachusetts Regi- 
ment, and was crippled for life in one of the last battles. He 
resided in Boston, and was for many years the superintendent 
of Faneuil Hall. Children : 

13. i. A son, d. young. 

14. ii. Fred E. Res. in Boston, of which he is an assessor. 

5. George G.^ (James^), b. about 1840; m. Lizzie Sterling. 
He was a teacher, and later has been engaged in the tuning 
department of the Smith Organ Co. Res. at Boston. Four 

6. John S.^ (James^), b. about 1843; m. Nettie Taylor. He 
was a machinist at Lowell, Mass. He removed to California 
in 1864, and lived there until 1906, when he lost his life in the 
earthquake of that year. Children : 

15. i. Walter, d. about 1900. He was an organist. 

8. James^ (James^), b. May 1, 1847; m. June 10, 1870, Mar- 
garet White of New Brunswick [b. Feb. 8, 1846; d. Feb. 15, 
1910]. He has been in the employ of the Columbian Co., ex- 
cept a very few years, since his arrival in America in 1859. 
Children : 

16. i. James Benjamin, b. Mar. 31, 1874; unm. He was a drug- 

gist in Ashland, Ore., and removed thence to California. 
He is supposed to have perished in the earthquake of 1906, 
as nothing has been heard from him since a brief time be- 
fore that event. 

17. ii. Oscar King, b. July 18, 1877; d. May 22, 1908; m. (1) May 

Richmond; (2) Maude Laporte. He was a decorator and 
paper hanger in Boston. Children, one of each marriage : 
i. Raymond, ii. Mildred. 

9. Thomas King^ (James^), b. about 1849; m. Jan. 4, 1875, 
Lizzie Brooks (54). He is a druggist and jeweler at Ashland, 
Ore. Children : 

18. i. Walter. 

19. ii. Winnifred, 

20. iii. Jean. 


History of New Ipswich 


Joseph^ Boyce, b. about 1609; d. 1684/5; m. Ellenor [d. about 

1694]. He was a tanner in that part of Salem, Mass., which is now 

Joseph' (Joseph'), bapt. Salem, March 31, 1644; d. 1709; m. Dec. 4, 
1667, Sarah Meacham. He was a tanner and succeeded to his father's 

Joseph' (Joseph^ Joseph'), b. about 1672; d. 1723; m. about 1695, 
Rebecca (Trask), widow of Samuel Potter [m. (2) 1731/2, Benjamin 
Very of Salem]. He was a tanner and miller on the paternal homestead. 

JoHN^ (Joseph^ Joseph^ Joseph'), m. Jan. 18, 1728, Elisabeth Osborne 
of Salem. He continued the family industry of tanning for a time, and 
then became a seaman, removing to Smithheld, R. I. He served in the 
French and Indian War. 

Paul° (John^ Joseph', Joseph^ Joseph'), b. about 1736; d. 1817; m. 
(1) Hannah Staples [d. 1803]; (2) Phyllis, widow of Nicholas Cooke 
[b. Oct. 31, 1738; d. March 21, 1815]. He removed from Smithfield, R. I., 
to Richmond, where he was a large landowner. He served in the Revolu- 

Silas* (Paur, John^ Joseph', Joseph^ Joseph'), b. Richmond, Nov., 
1770; d. Oct. 1, 1818; m. 1798, Comfort, dau. of Moses Allen [b. about 
1774; d. Sept. 29, 1838]. He succeeded to his father's farm. He studied 
medicine and was called doctor, but never practiced. 

1. Paul^ (Silas^ PauP, John*, Joseph^ Josepli^ Joseph^), 
b. Richmond, March 6, 1804; d. March 30, 1850; m. March 24, 
1829, Hannah Russell Hannaford [b. Northfield, Oct. 3, 1808; 
d. Peterboro, May 10, 1889]. In early manhood he came to 
New Ipswich and for some years he had a small iron foundry, 
trip-hammer, etc., in the shop formerly standing on Saw Mill 
Brook at the south end of the Adams lot (21, N. D.) Later 
he was engaged in the manufacture of friction matches in the 
building formerly facing on the north side of the Village 
Green, which had previously been the hat shop of Seth King. 

Harriet Newell, b. Apr. 20, 1830; d. March 14, 1860. 
Diana Perky, b. Sept. 30, 1831; m. May 28, 1850, George W. 

Conant (20). 
Silas, b. July 14, 1833.+ 
LucY Jane, b. Sept. 24, 1835; d. Rindge, Jan. 14, 1890; m. 

George W. Cragin. Five children. 
Moses Allen, b. Jan. 20, 1838; d. May 19, 1839. 
James Lysander, b. June 9, 1840; d. Aug. 25, 1863. He 
served during the Civil War in the 16th New Hampshire 
Regiment, and died soon after reaching his home. 

8. vii. Jacob Francis, b. Sept. 7, 1842; d. Oct. 20, 1843. 

9. viii. Charles Allen, b. Feb. 21, 1847; d. July 15, 1876. 















4. SiLAS« (PauF, Silas«, PauI^ John*, Joseph^, Joseph^, Jo- 
sephO, b. July 14, 1833; d. Washington, D. C, May 23, 1910; 
m. (1) Sarah A., dau. of Charles and Sarah (Jones) Baldwin 
[b. Oct. 15, 1833; d. Dec. 20, 1893] ; (2) Mrs. Sarah (Bartlett) 
Everson. Children : 

10. i. Frederick P., b. 1857; d. Oct. 10, 1858. 

11. ii. Harriet Angeline, b. May 17, 1859; d. June 8, 1912; m. John 

W. Cummings (142). 

12. iii. Sarah Almira, b. Dec. 5, 1861; d. Feb. 29, 1884; m. June 15 

1879, John F. Hedge. One child. 

13. iv. Lydia Josephine, b. July 28, 1868; d. Feb. 12, 1905; m. Oct. 

6, 1901, Charles H. Williams. 


Thomas^ Boyden, b. about 1613; m. (1) Frances [d. Mar. 17, 

1658]; (2) Nov. 3, 1658, Hannah (Phillips), widow of Joseph Morse 
[d. Oct. 3, 1676]. He came from Ipswich, Suffolk, England, and lived 
successively in Scituate, Boston, Medfield, Groton, and Watertown. 

Jonathan' (Thomas'), b. Boston, Feb. 20, 1652; d. May 30, 1732; 
m. (1) Sept. 26, 1673, Mary, dau. of Joseph and Abia Clark of Medfield, 

Mass. [b. Mar. 12, 1649]; (2) Anne [d. 1735]. He was one of the 

early settlers of Dedham and of Medfield. 

Jonathan* (Jonathan', Thomas*), b. Medfield, July 30, 1674; d. Mar. 
3, 1719; m. (1) Nov. 7, 1698, Rachel, dau. of John and Hannah (Adams) 
Fisher [b. Mar. 24, 1680; d. Mar. 31, 1712]; (2) Feb. 12, 1713, Esther, 
dau. of John and Mary (Wood) Thurston [d. Mar. 10, 1755; m. (2) 
John Turner]. Res. Medfield. 

John' (Jonathan', Jonathan', Thomas'), b. Sept. 30, 1702; d. Dec. 24, 
1754; m. Oct. 19, 1728, Prudence, dau. of Ebenezer and Prudence (Stet- 
son) Leach of Bridgewater, Mass. [d. May 22, 1759]. Res. Walpole, Mass. 

John' (John', Jonathan', Jonathan', Thomas'), b. Oct. 4, 1734; d. 
Apr. 25, 1813; m. (1) Nov. 3, 1757, Hannah Hartshorn [d. May 22, 1759] ; 
(2) Aug. 2, 1761, Sarah Foster [b. about 1740; d. Apr. 9, 1762]. Res. 
Walpole, Mass. 

Elijah' (John^ John', Jonathan', Jonathan^ Thomas'), b. Oct. 19, 
1763; d. July 22, 1814; m. Nov. 17, 1791, Amity Fisher of Walpole [b. 
Feb. 13, 1766; d. Oct. 29, 1841]. He removed from Walpole, Mass., to 
Marlboro about 1806. 

1. Oliver'^ (Elijah®, John^, John^ Jonathan^ Jonathan^ 
Thomas^), b. Apr. 28, 1798; d. Dec. 11, 1854; m. Dec. 31, 1821, 
Eliza Prescott [b. about 1793; d. July 7, 1869]. He came to 
New Ipswich about 1840, and after a few years bought for his 
home the house on Barrett street second below the Congrega- 
tional parsonage. He was a farmer and mechanic. Children : 

2. i. George, b. June 26, 1826.-1- 

3. ii. Henry K., b. and d. Apr. 8, 1831. 


History of New Ipswich 

2. George^ (Oliver^ Elijah^ John^ John*, Jonathan^, Jona- 
than-, Thomas^), b. June 26, 1826; d. Sept. 30, 1905; m. Jan. 

8, 1852, Myra Jane Adams (R. 5) [b. Feb. 18, 1828; d. Mar. 30, 
1890]. He succeeded to his father's home, and was maker of 
cig-ar boxes. He removed to Washington, D. C, about 1872. 
Children : 

4. i. Frances Cornelia, b. Sept. 21, 1856. She removed with her 
parents to Washington, and became a successful teacher. 


William Boynton\ b. 1606; d. Dec. 8, 1686; m. Elizabeth Jackson 
[d. 1687]. He was a son of William Boynton of an ancient family of 
Yorkshire, England, and came to New England in 1637. He settled in 
Rowley, Mass., where he is mentioned as a plumber, and also as a tailor. 
He was probably the first schoolmaster in the town, and taught from 
1656 to 1681. 

John Boynton', b. 1614; d. Feb. 18, 1670; m. about 1644, Ellen Pell 
of Boston [m. (2) Aug. 30, 1671, Dea. Maxmilian Jewett of Rowley]. 
He was also a son of William of Yorkshire, and he came to New England 
at the same time as his brother. He also settled in Rowley, where he was 
a tailor. 

Joshua' (WilHam'), b. Mar. 10, 1646; d. 1736 or earlier; m. (1) Apr. 

9, 1678, Hannah Barnet [d. Jan. 12, 1722]; (2) Nov. 29, 1725, widow 
Mary Syles [d. July 28, 1727] ; (3) Oct. 30, 1727, Mary, widow of Simon 
Wainwright of Bradford, Mass., and later of John^ Boynton (John^). 
He removed to Newbury, Mass., in early manhood, and lived there upon 
the same farm for more than fifty years. He served in the Indian wars. 

Joseph- (John'), b. 1644; d. Dec. 16, 1730; m. (1) Sarah, dau. of 
Richard and Ann Swan of Rowley [b. 1646; d. Feb. 27, 1718]; (2) Mar. 
11, 1720, Elizabeth Wood. He was town clerk of Rowley and its rep- 
resentative in the General Court. He removed to Groton, Mass., about 
1715, but returned to Rowley some years later. 

Joshua' (Joshua', William'), b. May 4, 1679; d. Oct. 29, 1770; m. 
May, 1708, Mary, dau. of John and Mary (Gerrish) Dole [b. Newbury, 
Nov. 14, 1681; d. Dec. 26, 1777]. Res. Newbury. 

Joseph' (Joseph', John'), b. Mar. 23, 1669/70; d. Nov. 25, 1755; m. 
Jan. 30, 1692/3, Bridget, dau. of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Hazen) Harris 
of Rowley [b. Nov. 26, 1672; d. Oct. 14, 1757]. He was a housewright 
in Rowley and a deacon of its church. 

Joshua^ (Joshua', Joshua', William'), bapt. Jan. 20, 1717; d. Feb. 4, 
1763; m. Apr. 14, 1743, Martha, dau. of Benjamin and Mary (Palmer) 
Stickney of Rowley [bapt. Aug. 15, 1714]. Res. Hollis. 

Nathaniel^ (Joseph', Joseph', John'), b. Dec. 11, 1694; d. before 
1759; m. (1) 1720, Hannah, dau. of Joseph and Dorothy Perham [d. 
Sept. 16, 1733]; (2) Sept. 13, 1735, Elizabeth Shedd of Billerica, Mass. 
[m. (2) Aug. 15, 1759, Thomas Heald of Westford, Mass]. Res. suc- 
cessively in Littleton, Mass., Westford, Mass., and Pepperell, Mass. He 
was a housewright and farmer, and for many years he was town clerk 
of Westford. 



Elias' (Joshua', Joshua', Joshua', William'), b. Feb. 24, 1755; d. 
Jan. 20, 1842; m. Mar. 31, 1781, Elizabeth, dau. of Gen. Francis Blood of 
Temple [b. Jan. 5, 1762; d. Oct. 13, 1853]. He removed from Hollis to 
Temple soon after the close of the Revolutionary War, in which he had 
rendered service at Bunker Hill and at the capture of Burgoyne. He was 
a prominent citizen of Temple and a captain in the militia. Three of 
his sons became citizens of New Ipswich. 

1. Abijah^ (Nathaniel*, Joseph^, Joseph^ John'^), b. Mar. 
24, 1740; d. Dec. 26, 1821; m. Mar. 23, 1769, Sarah Chamber- 
lain of Westford, Mass. [d. Oct. 2, 1818]. His name appears 
upon the New Ipswich tax list in 1764, and he was probably 
a resident at that time. But he passed most of his life in 
Pepperell, Mass., where he was a farmer and cabinet maker. 
He responded to the call of April 19, 1775, and he afterward 
served as a lieutenant. Children: 

7. i. Sarah, b. Mar. 8, 1770; d. Dec. 13, 1848; m. James Parker 

[b. Apr. 10, 1769]. Res. in Brookline. Eight children. 

8. ii. Abigail, b. Oct. 3, 1771; d. Feb. 11, 1851; m. Feb. 27, 1798, 

Jesse" Shattuck (Samuel°, Samuer, Samuel^ John', Wil- 
liam^), a farmer in Pepperell. Seven children. 

Betsey, b. Aug. 11, 1773; d. Nov. 2, 1853; m. Asa Ames. Two 

Abijah, b. May 3, 1775; m. Feb. 23, 1800, Eunice Shepley. 
Nine children. 

Abel, b. 1777; d. 1798, unm. 

Eli, b. May 24, 1780; d. Aug. 7, 1856; m. Dec. 17, 1809, Mary 
McDonald [b. Brookline, Sept. 10, 1780; d. Apr. 14, 1882]. 
Six children. 

2. Nathan^ (Nathaniel*, Joseph^ Joseph^, John^), b. June 
16, 1742; d. Oct. 7, 1823; m. Lucy Smith. His name appears 
on the New Ipswich tax list of the same year as that of his 
brother Abijah, and continues for three years, but he soon re- 
moved to Plymouth, Vt., and thence to Cavendish in the same 
state. He was a joiner. Children : 

13. i. Lucy, d. Cleveland, O., Feb. 17, 1842; m. (1) Mar., 1787, Sam- 

uel Foster; (2) Sept. 3, 1794, Levi Stevens [d. Feb. 21. 
1842]. Thirteen children. 

14. ii. Nathan, b. 1772; d. Providence, O., Aug. 4, 1838; m. Lydia, 

dau. of Aaron, or of Dr. Isaiah Parker, two brothers from 
Chelmsford, Mass., who resided in Cavendish [d. Port 
Huron, Mich., July 12, 1837]. Seven children. 

15. iii. Nathaniel, d. 1840. He was a manufacturer of sewing silk 

in Boston. Eight children. 

16. iv. Charles. Three children. 

17. V. Jonah, b. Feb. 3, 1783; m. 1808, Phebe Russell of Albany, 

N. Y. He was an architect at Albany. Eight children. 










History of New Ipswich 

3. Amos^ (Nathaniel*, Joseph^ Joseph^, John^), b. 1744; m. 
Jan. 9, 1770, Mary Parker. His name is borne upon the New 
Ipswich records of the same years as those of his two brothers, 
and the three probably came from Westford at about the same 
time. But his name continues until 1781, although he seems 
to have finally removed, like his brother Nathan, to Plymouth 
and Cavendish, Vt. His activities during the Revolution 
seem to be located by the record of his military service for 
a considerable part of that period. His name is found upon 
the roll of volunteers aroused by the Concord alarm, but his 
later enlistments, concluding with one for the period of three 
years, credit him to Fitzwilliam, from which he probably re- 
ceived a bounty. Children : 

18. i. Isaiah, b. Oct. 20, 1770; d. June 12, 1851; m. (1) 1796, Re- 

becca Page of Plymouth, Vt. [d. May 12, 1816]; (2) 
Hannah Parker. Nine children. 

19. ii. Mary, m. Williams. Removed to Illinois. 

20. iii. Joseph, m. . Removed to New York. 

21. iv. Abigail, b. Sept. 11, 1777; d, Jan. 30, 1854; m. Moses Pollard. 

Res. Plymouth, Vt. 

22. V. Amos, d. Ludlow, Vt., about 1860; m. Mirey Perry. Five 


23. vi. Lydia, m. Weston. 

4. Earl'' (Elias^, Joshua*, Joshua^, Joshua^, WilliamM, b. 
Apr. 20, 1788; d. Aug. 25, 1871 ; m. Nov., 1808, Sally Fisk of 
Temple (2). He came to New Ipswich in 1811 and passed 
his life as a farmer on the "country road," at first upon 52, 
N. D., his cellar still remaining upon the east side of the road 
near the separation of the "Fish road" from the "Todd road." 
Later he removed southerly to the house near the division 
line between 50 and 51, N. D., a little south of the road diverg- 
ing to the "Pevey place." Children : 

24. i. Mary Caldwell, b. May 19, 1810; m. William J. Fisher. 

25. ii. Sally, b. Jan. 4, 1814; d. Mar. 1, 1815. 

26. iii. Sarah, b. Jan. 2, 1816; d. Apr. 30, 1906; m. Dec. 31, 1835, 

Albert G. Thayer (2). 

27. iv. William, b. Jan. 15, 1818; d. Feb. 10, 1905. He passed his 

life in New Ipswich, engaged in various occupations. He 
was greatly interested in the town library, and so disposed 
of the sum of $5000 in his will that it will ultimately revert 
to that institution. 

28. v. Isabel, b. Dec. 20, 1821; d. Jan. 10, 1892; m. July 21, 1841, 

Nehemiah M. Smith [b. about 1814; d. Apr. 17, 1885]. He 
was a baker, carrying on his business in the Center Village 
at the stand upon the north side of the turnpike. 



29. vi. Francis, b. June 6, 1824; d. Sept. 2, 1888; m. Apr. 14, 1847, 

Rhoda Butters. He was a plumber and tinsmith at Hyde 
Park, Mass. Children : i. Henry, d. Wichita, Kan. ii. 

30. vii. Martha Ann, b. June 16, 1826; d. July 29, 1827. 

31. viii. Emily M. B., b. Aug. 16, 1828; d. Oct. 9, 1912; m. Solomon 

Augustus Russell. 

32. ix. Charles Hastings, b. Nov. 10, 1830; d. Apr. 14. 1896; m. 

Orissa Clark. He was a hotel-keeper in Temple. Three 

33. X. George Henry, b. Nov. 21, 1832; d. Sept. 19, 1870; m. twice. 

He was a photographer at Boston. 

5. Oliver*^ (Elias^, Joshua*, Joshua^, Joshua^, William^), 
b. May 8, 1799; d. May 2, 1879; m. Jan. 25, 1820, Mary 
Howard. He was a farmer, having his residence in the Cen- 
ter Village, for a considerable time in the large house upon 
the southern side of the turnpike near the Jo Kidder Brook. 
Children : 

34. i. William Elias, m. Mary E. Grover. He was a farmer in 

Jaffrey. Three children. 

35. ii. James F., m. Harriet R. Tapley. 

36. iii. Mary I., m. Clifton C. Stark. He was a cigar maker in New 

Ipswich, but removed to Hyde Park, Mass. Children: i. 
Henry Stark, ii. Ellen Stark. 

37. iv. Elizabeth, m. James P. Carroll. He was a cigar maker, 

living for some years in the house above named as the 
home of his father-in-law. Removed to Boston. Children : 
i. Sarah Carroll, ii. Margaret Carroll. 

6. Spaulding*' (Elias^ Joshua*, Joshua^ Joshua^, Wil- 
liam^), b. Sept. 15, 1801; d. July 1, 1869; m. Nov. 29, 1823, 
Lavinia J. Wilder. He lived for a time on XV: 2, S. R., and 
later in the Center Village. He was a peddler of tinware and 
similar articles. Children : 

38. i. Hannah H., b. Aug. 5, 1828; m. (1) June 29, 1848, Nathan 

C. Lear; (2) Charles Frost of Orange, Mass. 

39. ii. William Spaulding, b. Apr. 14, 1830 ; m. July 30, 1857, Ase- • 

nath L. Webb. Children : i. William F. ii. Edwin S. iii. 
Walter K. 

40. iii. James Hildreth, b. Apr. 3, 1832; d. Feb. 9, 1896; m. (1) 

Aug. 9, 1853, Eliza F. Grummet; (2) . He was a car- 
penter and tinworker. Children: i. Clara F. ii. Effie L. 

41. iv. Lavinia J., b. Sept. 10, 1834; d. Feb. 27, 1869; m. (1) Jan. 6, 

1853, Robert Paine [d. Sept. 4, 1856]; (2) Apr. 6, 1857, 
Joseph Poleicho. 

42. v. Susan A., b. May 12, 1839; d. Aug. 31, 1881; m. Mar. 5, 1859, 

Noah P. Shipley. 

43. vi. Mary E., b. Mar. 30, 1844; m. Dec. 2, 1856, Michael Harrigan. 

44. vii. Theresa I., b. Aug. 2, 1851; d. Jan. 13, 1869. 


History of New Ipswich 

Allen' Breed, b. 1601; d. Mar. 17, 1691/2; m. (1) ; (2) Mar. 28, 

1656, Elizabeth, widow of James Ballard and later of William Knight of 
Lynn, Mass. He came from England in 1630 with his first wife, whose 
name is not known, and his two oldest children and settled at Lynn, where 
he remained until his death, except during a few years spent at Southamp- 
ton, L. I. He was a farmer and was a selectman of Lynn. 

Allen' (Allen'), b. 1626; d. 1704-1707; m. Mary [d. Nov. 30, 

1671]. Res. in Lynn. 

Allen' (Allen^ Allen'), b. Aug. 30, 1660; d. Dec. 27, 1730; m. May 22, 
1684, Elizabeth Ballard [d. July, 1743]. He was a farmer and wheelwright 
at Lynn. 

JoHN^ (Allen^ Allen^ Allen'), b. Oct. 10, 1689; d. Apr. 16, 1774; m. 
Jan. 2, 1717, Lydia Gott of Wenham, Mass. [b. Apr., 1699; d. Aug., 1789]. 
He was a yeoman and coaster. Res. Lynn. 

1. JoHN^ (John^ Allen^ Allen^, Allen^), b. Sept. 13, 1720; 
d. July 25, 1780; m. 1743, Jane, dau. of Elisha* and Jane 
(Breed) Newhall [b. Aug. 9, 1721; d. 1790]. This marriage 
forms a part of a somewhat complicated union between the 
families engaged, as Elisha^ Newhall and his brothers, Ebene- 
zer, Samuel, and Daniel, and their sister Susannah, had 
married members of the Breed family, three of whom, at least, 
Jane the wife of Elisha, Elizabeth the wife of Ebenezer, the 
ancestor of the Newhalls of New Ipswich, and Joseph the 
husband of Susannah, were children of Joseph* Breed, and 
Keziah the wife of Samuel was his niece. John came from 
Lynnfield to New Ipswich about 1764, and settled near the 
state line upon 82, A. D., and developed an excellent farm 
there at the end of the highway. Children : 

4. i. Allen, b. Jan. 19, 1744.-f 

5. ii. Lydia, b. Sept. 25, 1745; m. Daniel Mansfield (2). 

6. iii. Rebecca, b. Sept. 2, 1747; m. Peter Shattuck (6). 

7. iv. John, b. Aug. 28, 1749. 

8. V. Jane, b. June 23, 1751. 

9. vi. Susanna, b. Apr. 24, 1753. 

10. vii. Elisha Newhall, b. Apr. 21, 1755. 

11. viii. Martha, b. Oct. 9, 1758. 

12. ix. TiMNA, b. Mar. 19, 1762. 

13. X. Deliverance, b. Mar. 24, 1764; probably "Delia," who d. 1816. 

2. Nathaniel^ (John*, Allen^, Allen^, Allen^), b. July 22, 
1728. His name appears upon the New Ipswich tax-lists 
from 1781 until 1789, but most of his life was spent elsewhere. 
He was resident at Easton, JVEass., in 1757, but removed to 
Sudbury, Mass., in 1760, and thence to Packersfield, now 



Nelson, five years later. In 1775 he enlisted as surgeon of 
the company leaving Nelson, and appears later as surgeon's 
mate of the regiment of Col. James Reed. Children : 

14. i. John, b. Oct. 15, 1757. He enlisted from Nelson at the same 

time as his father, but upon reaching Boston he was en- 
rolled in the company of Capt. Ezra Towne. At Bunker 
Hill his hat was struck by a bullet, and also his cartridge- 
box. He enlisted several times before the close of the 
war. He continued his residence in Nelson until 1828, when 
he removed to Sandy Creek, N. Y. 

15. ii. Thomas K., b. Apr. 10, 1761; d. Feb. 2, 1849; m. Dec. 15, 

1791, Polly Keyes. His place of residence appears to have 
been quite changeable. He seems to have lived in New 
Ipswich from 1783 until 1788, then for some years in Nel- 
son, afterward in Antrim, and later still in Lowell, Mass. 
He enlisted several times during the Revolution, serving in 
companies from Rindge, Fitzwilliam, and vicinity. 

16. iii. Abigail. 

3. JosiAH^ (John*, Allen^ Allen^ Allen^), b. Lynn, Dec. 
16, 1731; d. Dec. 12. 1790; m. (1) Dec. 18, 1755, Mary= (Jo- 
seph*, Joseph^ Allen^, Allen^) Breed [b. Jan. 6, 1733; d. May 
7, 1767] ; (2) June 30, 1768, Hannah, dau. of Henry Bacheller 
[b. 1729; d. Aug. 16, 1805]. He was in the contest of Apr. 
19, 1775, and was captured by the British, but was later ex- 
changed for a captured lieutenant. He did further service in 
Massachusetts troops. Res. in Lynn. Children : 

17. i. Mehetable, b. Jan. 8, 1757; m. Theophilus Bacheller. 

18. ii. Allen, b. July 14, 1759.-|- 

19. iii. Nathaniel (twin), b. Aug. 30, 1761. 

20. iv. Charles (twin), b. Aug. 30, 1761. 

21. V. Joseph, b. Mar. 29, 1764. 

22. vi. Mary, b. Apr. 29, 1772; d. Nov. 17, 1813. 

. 4. Allen*^ (John^ John*, Allen^, Allen^, Allen^), b. Jan. 19, 
1744; d. Apr. 16, 1806; m. Jan. 15, 1767, Lydia Mansfield (1). 
He came to New Ipswich, probably with his father, about 
1764. He seems to have lived upon his father's farm, and to 
have succeeded him in its ownership. Apparently he was in 
service during the greater part of the Revolutionary war, 
although it is difficult to certainly distinguish in the records 
between his service and that of his cousin bearing the same 
name. Children : 

23. i. Lydia, b. Jan. 8, 1768; d. Feb. 1, 1807, unm. 

24. ii. John, b. Dec. 1, 1769.-|- 

25. iii. Elisha Newhall, b. Dec. 30, 1771.-1- 


History of New Ipswich 

26. iv. Allen, b. Feb. 8, 1774.+ 

27. V. Jane, b. Dec. 9, 1775. 

28. vi. Enoch, b. Apr. 2, 1780.+ 

18. Allen" (Josiah^ John^ Allen^ Allen^, Aliens), b. July 
14, 1759; d. Apr. 2, 1842; m. July, 1781, Lucy, dau. of Reuben 
Taylor (10) [b. Jan. 10, 1762; d. Mar. 23, 1825]. When his 
father enlisted at Lynn, he came to New Ipswich and served 
in the companies of both Capt. Joseph Parker and Capt. 
Stephen Parker, and in later service held a lieutenant's com- 
mission. Children : 

29. i. JosiAH, b. Apr. 25, 1782; d. Mar. 5, 1855. 

30. ii. Mehetable, b. Dec. 8, 1783; d. Feb., 1856. 

31. iii. Lucy, b. Dec. 17, 1785; d. July 2, 1819. 

32. iv. Mary, b. May 20, 1789; d. May 26, 1869. 

33. V. Milly, b. Feb. 28, 1790. 

34. vi. Allen, b. Jan. 20, 1792; d. Mar. 13, 1827. 

35. vii. Rachel, b. Feb. 8, 1794. 

36. viii. Hannah, b. Dec. 14, 1795; d. 1856. 

37. ix. Ira, b. Dec. 23, 1797; d. Jan. 9, 1823. 

38. X. George Washington, b. Jan. 14, 1800. 

39. xl. Harriet, b. Feb. 28, 1802. 

40. xii. Lucretia, b. July 15, 1804; d. Aug. 15, 1804. 

41. xiii. Reuben Taylor, b. July 28, 1806. 

24. JoiiN^ (Alien", John^ John*, Allen^, Allen^, Allen^), b. 
Dec. 1, 1769; d. June 28, 1807; m. Nov. 16, 1797, Abiah Lamp- 
son [b. June 2, 1777; d. Apr. 14, 1808]. He was a farmer 
upon the next farm eastward from that of his father (80, 
A. D.) Children: 

42. i. Abiah, b. Aug. 17, 1798; d. Sept. 1, 1883. She resided in New 

Ipswich and in Ashby, Mass., and was for many years a 
nurse and general helper in times of need. She was the 
last member of the family here recorded as resident in 
town, and the date borne upon the marble stone marking 
her grave is separated by more than fifty years from the 
date upon the latest of the long line of olden slate stones 
in the South graveyard at the end of which it stands. 

43. ii. John, b. June 8, 1800. 

44. iii. Moses, b. Mar. 12, 1802. 

45. iv. Daniel, b. Apr. 8, 1804. 

46. V. Susan, b. Mar. 10, 1807. 

25. Elisha Newhall^ (Allen", John^ John^ Allen^, Allen-, 

Allen^), b. Dec. 30, 1771; d. Mar. 6, 1802; ni. Rebecca 

[b. about May, 1779; d. Oct. 14, 1806]. He probably passed 
the years of his brief manhood on the ancestral farm. 
Children : 



47. i. Elisha Newhall, b. Feb. 14, 1802; d. Sept. 20, 1805. 

26. Allen^ (Allen«, John^ John*, Allen^, Allen^ Allen^), 
b. Feb. 8, 1774; d. Mar. 8, 1849; m. Esther Lampson of Little- 
ton, Mass. Children : 

48. i. Esther, b. Sept. 24, 1797. 

49. ii. HuLDY, b. May 25, 1799. 

28. Enoch^ (Allen«, John^ John*, Allen^, Allen^, Allen^), 
b. Apr. 2, 1780; d. June 26, 1811 ; m. Dec. 29, 1807, Sarah, dau. 
of John* and Susanna (Page) Wetherbee of Rindge [m. (2) 
Dea. Adin Cummings of Rindge]. Res. in Rindge. Children: 

50. i. Joseph Baxter, b. Nov. 27, 1808.+ 

51. ii. Marinda, b. 1810; d. young. 

50. Joseph Baxter^ (Enoch^, Allen", John^ John*, Allen^ 
Allen-, Allen^), b. Nov. 27, 1808; d. Sept. 23, 1864; m. June 
6, 1833, Mary Wilson (16). He was a merchant in Rindge, 
and was a deacon there. Children : 

52. i. Mary Elizabeth, b. June 8, 1S34; m. Jan. 12, 1860, John C. 

Spenser. Res. Geneseo, 111. 
Martha Jane, b. and d. June 8, 1834. 
Sarah Marinda, b. Nov. 15, 1835; d. Dec. 3, 1835. 
Marinda, b. Oct. 10, 1836; m. Nov. 3, 1865, John L. Combs. 

Res. Geneseo, 111. 
Harriet Wilson, b. Aug. 9, 1838; d. Sept. 5, 1839. 
Augustus Baxter, b. Sept. 12, 1840; d. May 31, 1863, while 

serving in the Civil War. 
58. vii. George Henry, b. May 28, 1844; m. Caroline A. Albro of 

Providence, R. I. Res. Geneseo, 111. 

The readiness of the members of this family for Revolutionary 
service suggests mention of the fact that Ebenezer Breed, the owner 
of the larger part of Breed's Hill, upon which the battle of "Bunker Hill" 
was fought, was a kinsman of the New Ipswich family, his lineage as 
follows : Allen', John", Ebenezer^ John\ Ebenezer^ 

The early disappearance of this family from the town, probably 
largely due to the tendency of its members to consumption, the wide 
dispersion of the descendants of the residents in New Ipswich, and also 
the prevalence of two or three given names causing an exceptional un- 
certainty in the interpretation of records, have together made entire 
accuracy hard to attain. It is hoped, however, that the resulting errors 
are not very great. 


Abraham Briant', m. (1) 1664, Mary, dau. of Dea. Thomas Kendall 
of Reading, Mass. [d. 1688] ; (2) Ruth, widow of Samuel Frothingham 
of Charlestown, Mass. [d. 1693]. He was a blacksmith in Reading. Dea. 
Kendall had no sons living to adult age, but each of his eight daughters 
married and had a son named Kendall. 












History of New Ipswich 

Kendall' (Abraham'), b. Sept. 8, 1680; m. 1704, Elizabeth, dau. of 
Maj. Jeremiah and Mary (Smith) Swain. He followed his father's 
occupation as a blacksmith. 

1. Kendall^ (KendalP, Abraham^), b. Alar. 7, 1709; m. 
Oct. 5, 1736, Mary Parker. He followed the family trade 
of a blacksmith in his native town until middle life. In 1754 
he and his wife were dismissed to the church in Concord, 
Mass., but his residence there must have been brief, as his 
name does not appear upon the Vital Records of that town, 
and he came to New Ipswich as early as 1763, apparently 
from Pepperell. He purchased a small farm from Col. Reuben 
Kidder, (46, N. D.) The probable location of his house may 
still be seen on the eastern side of the old "country road" 
about midway between the Kidder cellar and the house nearer 
the Center Village which has bpen developed by additions 
from the ancient smaller dwelling of Col. Kidder's negro 
slave, Caesar. Near the Briant house was his blacksmithy. 
No list of children of this family has been found. 

2. Edmond* (KendalP, Kendall-, Abraham^), b. June 3, 
1744; d. Sept. 28, 1786; m. (1) Abigail Fletcher (7; ; (2) Dec. 
30, 1778, Hannah Sprague [b. about 1748; d. Sept. 7, 1830]. 
He continued the family calling in his father's shop and later 
in Smith Village. He served three times during the Revo- 
lution, first in response to the Concord alarm, second as lieu- 
tenant in the company of Capt. Josiah Brown in 1777, and 
third, later in the same year, as captain of another New Ips- 
wich company. It is characteristic of the enlistments in the 
earlier years of the war that these three terms of service to- 
gether covered a period of only about six weeks. Children : 

3. i. Joseph, b. Sept. 25, 1765. -f- 

4. ii. Edmond, b. May 20, 1768; m. Nov. 27, 1788, Nabby Fox (3). 

5. iii. Abigail, b. Jan. 6, 1775. 

6. iv. Aaron, b. 1783. 

3. Joseph^ (Edmond*, Kendall^, Kendall^, Abraham^), b. 
Sept. 25, 1785 ; m. Anna . Children : 

7. i. Joseph, b. Jan. 8, 1786. 

8. ii. John, b. Apr. 25, 1788. 

9. iii. Anna, b. June 13, 1790. 

10. iv. Benjamin, b. Aug. 20, 1792. 

The New Ipswich tax lists bear also the names of Amos, Edward, 
James, John, and Nathan Briant, who were perhaps residents for a year 
or two at about the time of the arrival of Kendall Briant, and were 
probably his kinsmen. But no record of such relationship has appeared. 




This name has been borne by citizens of New Ipswich descended 
from two immigrant ancestors, Thomas and Henry Brooks; but as ac- 
cording to reliable tradition these ancestors were brothers, their de- 
scendants are here presented together. 

Thomas^ Brooks, b. County Suffolk, England; d. Concord, Mass., 
May 21, 1667; m. Grace, dau. of Capt. Timothy Wheeler of Concord [d. 
May 12, 1664]. He was a preacher in London and came to America in 
1634, remaining at Watertown, Mass., for a time, but soon removing to 
Concord, settled in that part which is now Carlisle. He was a deacon, 
and represented the town in the General Court for several years. 

Henry' Brooks, d. Apr. 12, 1683; m. (1) Susanna [d. Sept. 15, 

1681] ; (2) July 12, 1682, Annis Jaquith. He is believed to have come to 
America with his brother Thomas, and to have removed to Concord a 
little later than Thomas. But he resided there only a few years, as the 
birth of only one child, in 1641, is recorded there. He was a proprietor 
of Woburn, Mass., in 1652 and apparently resided there. 

Joshua' (Thomas'), b. England, 1625; d. Concord, Mass., Oct. 10, 
1698; m. Oct. 17, 1653, Hannah, dau. of Capt. Hugh Mason. Res. Con- 
cord, Mass. 

JoHN= (Henry'), b. England, Jan. 1, 1624; m. Nov. 1, 1649, Eunice, 
dau. of Dea. John and Joanna Monsal. 

Noah' (Joshua', Thomas'), b. Concord, 1657; d. Feb. 1, 1738-9; m. 
Dorothy Wright of Sudbury, Mass. [b. about 1663; d. Mar. 15, 1752]. 
Res. Concord. 

John' (John', Henry'), b. March 1, 1664; d. Aug. 7, 1733; m. Feb. 25, 
1684, Mary Richardson. 

Thomas' (Noah', Joshua', Thomas'), b. May 28, 1701; d. Dec. 22, 
1790; m. June 24, 1725, Hannah, dau. of Joseph and Dorothy (Wooster) 
Dakin [b. Oct. 23, 1704; d. July 3, 1784]. Res. Lincoln, Mass. 

Nathan* (John', John', Henry'), b. Nov. 1, 1706; d. Jan. 6, 1751; 
m. Sarah, dau. of Jonathan and Hannah (Fowle) Wyman. Res. Woburn. 

Aaron^ (Thomas^ Noah', Joshua', Thomas'), b. Concord, Aug. 24, 
1727; d. Feb. 23, 1811; m. Jan. 2, 1755, Mary Stone. 

William' (Nathan^ John', John', Henry'), b. Mar. 3, 1737; d. Oct. 
11, 1804; m. Mar. 29, 1759, Abigail Kemp On attaining his majority 
or earlier he removed to Hollis, of which he was one of the proprietors. 
In the Revolution he gave two terms of service, once as lieutenant; he 
enlisted a third time as captain, but was not called upon to leave the 
state; later he removed to Lyndeboro. 

1. Stephen^ (Aaron^, Thomas*, Noah^, Joshua^, Thomas^), 
b. Lincoln, Mass., Mar. 22, 1759; d. Jan. 30, 1848; m. June 7, 
1791, Rachel Taylor (20). In early manhood he settled in 
Rindge near the New Ipswich line where the road over Binney 
Hill enters the Rindge turnpike, but in 1798 he exchanged 
farms with his brother Aaron and removed a half mile east- 
ward to the farm for many years owned by his descendants, 
(97, A. D.,) where he passed an honorable life; his house 



History of New Ipswich 

was the western one of the two houses now standing. He 
rendered service at least three times, 1775, 1777, 1780, before 
leaving Massachusetts. Children : 

3. i. Rachel, b. July 6, 1792; d. Feb. 20, 1795. 

4. ii. Stephen, b. Oct. 31, 1794; d. Mar. 24, 1795. 

5. iii. Stephen, b. Jan. 27, 1796.-|- 

6. iv. Joseph, b. Aug. 31, 1798.+ 

7. V. Walton, b. Sept. 4, 1800.+ 

8. vi. Rachel, b. Dec. 29, 1802; m. Feb. 11, 1847, Joseph Davis, son 

of Ebenezer B. and Huldah (Lawrence) Davis of Rindge. 
She was his third wife. 

9. vii. Harvey, b. May 30, 1805.+ 

10. viii. Oliver, b. May 14, 1810; d. Feb. 25, 1895; m. Eliza C. Farrar 

[b. Oct., 1811; d. Nov. 28, 1892]. He passed his life in 
Denmark, Iowa, of which he was one of the first settlers 
and where he was a deacon. 

11. ix. Newton, b. March 13, 1812.-}- 

2. Aaron^ (Aaron^ Thomas*, Noah^ Joshua^ Thomas^), 
b. Lincoln, Mass., Jan. 10, 1765; d. Aug. 4, 1823; m. Mary 
Taylor (23). He came to New Ipswich about 1790 and set- 
tled on the farm next south of that of Thaddeus Taylor, (97, 
A. D.,) where he lived for a few years and then exchanged 
with his brother Stephen as before stated and lived in Rindge 
until his death. 

William' (William^ Nathan*, John', John', Henry'), b. Hollis, May 
1, 1760; d. Greenfield, Sept. 5, 1843; m. (1) Deborah Parker of Groton, 
Mass.; (2) Hepzibah Draper. 

5. Stephen^ (Stephen^ Aaron^ Thomas*, Noah^, Joshua^, 
Thomas^), b. Jan. 27, 1796; d. Apr. 2, 1876; m. May 22, 1823, 
Narcissa Tweed Pratt (John, 7). Res. Ashby. Children: 

12. i. Amelia Elizabeth, b. Feb. 2, 1826; d. July 7, 1864; m. Dec. 

19, 1861, Franklin Wyman of Westminster, Mass. She 
attended the academies at New Ipswich and Groton, Mass., 
and taught for several years before her marriage. Res. 
Westminster. Child: i. Alfred Aiireliiis Wyman, b. Oct. 
26, 1863; d. Nov. 9, 1907; m. Flora Wright of Fitchburg, 
in which city he was a successful business man. Six sons. 

13. ii. Myron Dwight, b. Aug. 26, 1828; d. Jan. 29, 1832. 

14. iii. Ellen Mariah, b. May 16, 1831; d. Jan. 26, 1832. 

15. iv. Louisa Langdon, b. June 25, 1833. She attended New Ips- 

wich Academy, graduated from the Westfield (Mass.) Nor- 
mal School, and has passed her life as a teacher and reader. 
Res. Boston. 

16. v. Horace Stephen, b. July 22, 1835. -j- 

17. vi. Myron Dwight, b. May 9, 1838. -f 

18. vii. Henry Winslow, b. May 17, 1845.4- 



6. Joseph^ (Stephen^, Aaron^ Thomas*, Noah^, Joshlla^ 
Thomas^), b. Aug. 31, 1798; m. May 5, 1825, Emily Taylor 
(46). He was a farmer in Rindge. Children: 

19. i. Warren Taylor, b. Sept. 21, 1827; d. Oct. 2, 1827. 

20. ii. Emily Taylor, b. Mar. 25, 1829; d. June 24, 1852: m. Apr. 

25, 1850, Samuel. W.', son of Walter' (Lyman', Joshua', Jo- 
seph*, Joshua', William', Robert') Fletcher of Westford, 
Mass. He is a merchant in West Rindge. One son. 

21. iii. Calista A., b. Aug. 19, 1831; m. Pliny F. Towne (39). 

22. iv. Caroline M., b. Sept. 28, 1834; m. Nov. 9. 1852, her brother- 

in-law Samuel W. Fletcher. Four children. 

23. V. Charles B., b. Nov. 2, 1841 ; d. Council Bluffs, Iowa, July 18, 

1871. He served in the Civil War in the 9th N. H. Regt. 

7. Walton^ (Stephen'^. Aaron'^, Thomas*, Noah^ Toshua-, 
Thomas^), b. Sept. 4, 1800; d. May 5, 1881; m. Mar. 28, 1822, 
Arethusa, dau. of Thomas Piper [b. April 19, 1803; d. Apr. 
30, 1895]. He succeeded to his father's farm, living in the 
eastern of the dwelling-houses upon it. Children : 

24. i. Nancy Piper, b. Aug. 20, 1823; d. Feb. 23, 1898; m. Sept. 23, 

1841, George W. Stearns. 

25. ii. Eveline Jewett, b. Sept. 14, 1825 ; d. May 6, 1901 ; m. June 

17, 1846, Joshua Chadwick Towne of Rindge [d. Feb. 3, 

26. iii. Harriet Taylor, b. Sept. 14, 1828; d. Nov. 3, 1831. 

27. iv. Ivers Harvey, b. Apr. 27, 1831. + 

28. V. Mary Ann, b. Nov. 21, 1833; m. (1) Oct. 2, 1851, George 

Raymond Thomas [d. May 20, 1873]; (2) Oct. 1, 1884, 
George G. Williams (16). Res. Rindge. Five children. 

29. vi. Albert Newton, b. June 6, 1836.-|- 

9. Harvey^ (Stephen^, Aaron^, Thomas*, Noah^, Joshua^, 
Thomas^), b. May 30, 1805; d. Jan. 20, 1899; m. Lois Burgess 
of Ashburnham, Mass. [d. Jan. 19, 1892]. Res. Gardner, 
Mass. Children : 

30. i. Harvey P. 

31. ii. Euclid L. 

32. iii. Newton. 

33. iv. Luella. 

11. Newton^ (Stephen^ Aaron^ Thomas*, Noah^, Joshua^, 
Thomas^, b. Mar. 13, 1812; d. Feb. 28, 1898; m. June 2, 1841, 
Harriet A. Campbell (6). He left New Ipswich a few years 
after attaining his majority and was in Boston or its vicinity 
for about ten years, returning to his native town in 1846 and 
purchasing for his home the house built by John Crosby at 
about the close of the preceding century, standing next to the 


History of New Ipswich 

Barrett mansion on the south. This was his home for about 

thirty-five years until, after the death of his wife, he left the 

town, passing his later years with his son in Chicago. He 

was a man of artistic temperament and for a considerable 

time was occupied in the production of oil portraits. After 

the development of the daguerreotype, however, he turned his 

attention in that direction, and at a very early date made use 

of the gallery upon wheels for offering the later forms of that 

line of work to the public. He was a trustee of the Academy 

for a considerable period. Child: 

34. i. Newton Vinelle, b. Aug. 3, 1845; m. (1) Mary J. Reynolds 
[d. May 3, 1892] ; (2) Mar. 23, 1896, Mary Partridge Frank. 
Res. in Chicago. One son. 
James Hosley' (William", William', Nathan^ John', John', Henry'), 
d. in Greenfield, Dec. 30, 1885 ; m. Sabrina H. Person of Prancestown. 

Gardner Towne' (William", William^ Nathan*, John', John", Henry'), 
b. Hancock, May 18, 1794; d. Pitchburg, Mass., June 3, 1841; m. Mina 
Gove [b. about 1794; d. Oct. 31, 1879]. 

16. Horace Stephen® (Stephen'^, Stephen*', Aaron", 
Thomas*, Noah^, Joshua", Thomas^), b. July 22, 1835; m. 
Ashby, Mass., Sarah Elisabeth Rice. Res. in Springfield, 
Mass., and is a farmer in Ashby. Has been a teacher and 
member of the Legislature. Children : 

38. i. pREDERic Pratt, b. Springfield; m. Dec. 18, 1906, Ada Comer 

Waterman. He graduated from Boston School of Phar- 
macy and has been successful in business. Res. Norwood, 

39. ii. Mabel Rice, b. Sept. 1, 1868. She graduated from Worcester, 

Mass., Normal School and is a teacher in Worcester. 

40. iii. Lucy Hubbard, b. Ashby, Mass., Peb. 8, 1880. She graduated 

from Worcester Normal School and is a teacher. 

17. Myron Dwight® (Stephen^ Stephen^, Aaron^, 
Thomas*, Noah^, Joshua-, Thomas^), b. May 9, 1838; m. in 
Boston, May 28, 1867, Susan Ann Field. He has been a busi- 
ness man in Boston, Florida, and Georgia. Child : 

41. i. Amy Louise C, b. May 12, 1870; m. June 12, 1899, Dr. Pred- 

eric S. Snow. One daughter. 

18. Henry Winslow® (Stephen^ Stephen^, Aaron^ 
Thomas*, Noah^ Joshua^, Thomas^), b. May 17, 1845; m. (1) 
June 11, 1868, Jeannette Wilson Wright [d. Dec. 20, 1877] ; 
(2) Feb. 23, 1880, Lucy Reade Wright [d. Oct. 26, 1905]. 
Res. in Chicago, where his children were born. Children : 



42. i. Maude Wright, b. Apr. 10, 1869; d. New York, Feb., 1896. 

Graduated from Normal School in Philadelphia and was a 

43. ii. Robert Montgomery, b. Nov. 6, 1872; d. Johnstown, Penn., 

Jan. 27, 1897; m. Oct., 1896, Margaret Donnegan. He was 
a civil engineer. 

44. iii. Henry Winslow, b. Dec. 20, 1877; m. Mar. 23, 1911, Lucy 

Bennet Claxton. He graduated from a business college 
in New York city, where he had entered upon a business life. 

27. IvERS Harvey^ (Walton^, Stephen^, Aaron^ Thomas*, 
Noah^ Joshua-, Thomas^), b. Apr. 27, 1831; m. (1) Nov. 11, 
1852, Nancy R. Bancroft (4); (2) Jan. 1, 1908, E. Urania 
Wright. He has been a farmer in Rindge and in Ashby, 
Mass., and has held the office of deacon. Children : 

45. i. Ancil W., b. April 2, 1855; m. Nettie M. Frost of Ashby, 

Mass. Three children. 

46. ii. Mary Eveline, b. Sept. 14, 1858; m. Howard P. Lamb of 

Rindge. Four children. 

47. iii. James William, b. Apr. 17, 1861; m. M. Emma Walker of 

Fitchburg, Mass. Four children. 

48. iv. Jennie Harriet, b. Sept. 19, 1863; m. Edward R. Wilder of 

Fitchburg. Four children. 

49. V. Helen, b. June 13, 1866; d. Sept. 25, 1890; m. Charles J. 

Hubbard of Ashby, Mass. Two children. 

50. vi. Frederick Eugene, b. Nov. 7, 1867; m. Nellie E. Whitney of 

Ashby. Three children. 

29. Albert Newton* (Walton'^, Stephen^, Aaron^, 
Thomas*, Noah^, Joshua^ Thomas^), b. June 6, 1836; d. Sept. 
25, 1881 ; m. Oct. 22, 1857, Clementine M. Hale of Rindge [b. 
Mar. 23, 1841]. He was a farmer and succeeded to the family 
estate. Children : 

51. i. George Henry, b. Feb. 29, 1864; m. Dec. 23, 1896, Esther 

Jane Green [b. Ashby, Mass., Nov. 20, 1873]. Res. Ashby. 
Children: i. Ruth Elizabeth, b. Nov. 16, 1904. ii. Clara 
Helen, b. Nov. 8, 1906. 

52. ii. Oliver Newton, b. Jan. 12, 1866; m. Sept. 5, 1893, Martha 

Bell, dau. of William and Isabel (Maxwell) Corbett [b. Apr. 
18, 1877]. Res. Ashby. Children: i. Minnie Arthusa. ii. 
Walton Albert, iii. Laura Abbie. iv. Hazel Emma. 

35. Frederick A.* (James H.^ William^ William^ Na- 
than*, John^ John^ Henry^), b. Nashua, Mar. 20, 1836; d. 
Apr. 18, 1882; m. Sept. 15, 1860, Helen M. Mansur (15). He 
came to New Ipswich in early manhood and until his death 
conducted a private express to Boston, living during nearly 
the entire period at New Ipswich, but for a few years at other 
towns upon his route. Child : 


History of New Ipswich 

53. i. Lena A., b. July 20, 1861; m. May 11, 1891, Frederic Preston 


36. Square Gage« (Gardner^ William*', William^ Nathan*, 
John^ John^, Henry^), b. Merrimac, April 4, 1833; d. Dec. 26, 
1907; m. Dec. 30, 1855, Sarah L. Griggs of Roxbury. He re- 
sided for a short time in Bank Village. Six children, the 
youngest of whom, Herbert Griggs, succeeded to his father's 
business in Roxbury. 

37. Edward Chase^ (Gardner^ William®, William^, Na- 
than*, John^ John-, Henry^), m. March 13, 1848, Hannah 
Merrill, dau. of Charles Porter [b. Mar. 4, 1826; d. May 6, 
1881]. Lived on the "Moses Wilkins" farm 1861-72. Chil- 
dren : 

54. i. Lizzie, m. Jan. 4, 1875, Thomas K. Bolton (9). 

55. ii. Charles Edward, d. July 27, 1873. 

56. iii. Susan P. 

57. iv. Gertrude. 

BROWN (Abraham). 

Abraham' Brown, d. about 1650; m. Lydia [d. Sept. 27, 1686; 

m. (2) Nov. 27, 1659, Andrew Hodges of Ipswich, Mass.]. He was a 
very early settler at Watertown and a leading citizen. 

Jonathan^ (Abraham'), b. Oct. 15, 1635; d. 1691; m. Feb. 11, 1661/2, 
Mary, dau. of William and Susanna Shattuck of Watertown [b. Aug. 25, 
1645; d. Oct. 23, 1732]. 

Benjamin' (Jonathan', Abraham'), b. Feb. 27, 1681/2; d. Mar. 11, 
1753; m. Feb. 27, 1702/3, Anna, dau. of Capt. Benj. and Elizabeth (Bridge) 
Garfield of Watertown [b. June 2, 1683; d. Sept. 13, 1737]. He lived in 
that part of Weston afterwards a part of Lincoln. 

William' (Jonathan^ Abraham'), b. Sept. 3, 1684; d. Oct. 28, 1756; 
m. (1) Jan. 10, 1704/5, Hannah Pease of Cambridge, Mass. [d. Mar. 10, 
1717/8] ; (2) Dec. 11, 1718, Sarah, dau. of Jonas and Grace (Coolidge) 
Bond [b. about 1699; d. June 10, 1777]. He was a member of the first 
board of selectmen of Waltham, Mass. 

Joseph^ (Benjamin^ Jonathan', Abraham'), b. Feb., 1717/8; d. Apr. 
2, 1788; m. Feb. 7, 1744/5, Abigail, dau. of Joseph and Elizabeth Munroe 
of Lexington [b. Jan. 21, 1723; d. Mar. 18, 1793]. Res. in Lincoln and 

1. Isaac* (William^, Jonathan^, Abraham^), b. Dec. 5, 
1711; d. Oct. 6, 1759; m. Apr., 1736, Mary, dau. of Thomas 
and Mary (Prentiss) Balch [b. about 1714; d. Apr. 29, 1782; 
m. (2) May 22, 1760, Nathan Brown of Lincoln, Mass.] He 
may not have been a resident in New Ipswich, but his imme- 
diate family is so closely identified with the town that it is 
here presented as though he were himself a townsman. His 















Brown (Abraham) 

widow is said to have spent her last days with her youngest 
son in New Ipswich. Children : 

Mary, b. Mar. 17, 1738/9; d. Nov. 18, 1740. 

Isaac, b. Apr. 14, 1740; d. Nov. 16, 1740. 

Mary, b. Aug. 22, 1741 ; d. Oct. 7, 1742. 

Elizabeth, b. Mar. 3, 1742; d. young. 

Eunice, b. Oct. 10, 1744; d. Sept. 9, 1818; m. 1764, Rev. 
Stephen Farrar (1). 

Isaac, b. June 24, 1746; d. about 1752. 

Moses, b. Apr. 6, 1748; d. June 16, 1820; m. (1) Oct. 16, 1774, 
Elizabeth, dau. of Osmyn Trask of Beverly [d. July 7, 
1788] ; (2) May 3, 1789, Mary, dau. of Rev. Matthew and 
Anna (Perkins) Bridge [b. Sept. 7, 1760; d. Feb. 21, 1843]. 
He graduated from Harvard College in 1768. He was a 
merchant in Beverly, Mass., was a captain in the Revo- 
lutionary War, president of the Provincial Congress, mem- 
ber of the Legislature, and a Presidential Elector in 1808. 
Three children. 
9. viii. Mary, b. Dec. 29, 1749; d. Nov. 30, 1824; m. June 1, 1769, 

Ephraim Hartwell (1). 
10. ix. Sarah, b. Oct. 6, 1751. 

11.x. Aaron, b. Sept. 16, 1752; d. Nov. 14, 1811; m. (1) 1774, 
Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas and Rebecca (Whitney) Stowell 
of Waltham, Mass. [b. June 14, 1752; d. Aug. 4, 1797]; 
(2) Dec, 1799, Thesta, dau. of Hon. Stowell Dana of 
Brighton, Mass. He was a merchant in Boston, and is 
said to have removed to New Ipswich in his later life, but 
neither records nor tradition give further details. Nine 

Ephraim° (Joseph\ Benjamin^ Jonathan^ Abraham^), b. Lincoln, 
Mass.. Aug. 30, 1756; d. Mar. 3, 1813; m. Oct., 1779, Elizabeth, dau. of 
Jacob Wyman of Wayland, Mass. Eleven children. 

12. William*' (Ephraim^ Joseph^ Benjamin^ Jonathan-, 
Abraham^), b. Lincoln, Mass., May 22, 1807; d. Jan. 8, 1877; 
m. June 10, 1830, Lucy Taylor (45). For several years after 
his marriage he had a general store at what is now Smithville, 
succeeding Peter Felt in the house at the corner around which 
the road from the Center Village turns toward the "Fox place" 
and the present "Little Finland." Jeremiah Smith, from 
whom the village was later to receive its name, was asso- 
ciated with him for a time, but the firm was not of long dura- 
tion ; after its dissolution Mr. Smith opened just across the 
street a store which was to have a longer life than any other 
store of that village, while Mr. Brown entered the colony of 
New Ipswich people then forming a settlement in Iowa, to 
which his wife gave its name, Denmark, and there he spent 


History of New Ipswich 

his remaining' forty years of life, having a part in founding 
and shaping a New England town upon what was then al- 
most the extreme frontier. Children: 

13. i. William Taylor, b. Apr. 17, 1831.4- 

14. ii. Charles Kendall, b. May 9, 1833.4- 

15. iii. Edward Hills, b. May 9, 1836.+ 

16. iv. George Stewart, b. Feb. 16, 1838. + 

17. V. Mary Elizabeth, b. Oct. 21, 1841; d. Feb. 14, 1911; m. Feb. 

7, 1870, John J. Day. Res. in Denmark, Iowa. They had 
no children but adopted in her infancy, Lilian Anna, b. 
Aug. 9, 1879; m. Feb. 5, 1902, Charles Wharton; she resides 
upon the family homestead in Denmark. 

18. vi. Harriet Rebekah, b. Oct. 29, 1844; m. Feb. 7, 1870, Newton 

L. Mills [b. Gustavus, O., Mar. 23, 1845]. 

19. vii. Lucy Henrietta, b. Nov. 30, 1846; d. Eldon, Iowa, Aug. 21, 

1907, unm. 

20. viii. Ellen Sophronia, b. Mar. 14, 1853; m. Feb. 15, 1883, Rev. 

Dallas D. Tibbetts. Five children. 

13. William'' Taylor (William,", Ephraim^, Joseph*, Ben- 
jamin^ Jonathan^ Abraham^), b. Apr. 17, 1831; d. Aug. 30, 
1894; m. (1) Apr. 23, 1856, Almira Jane Dudley [d. Dec. 12, 
1891] ; (2) Feb. 22, 1894, Mrs. Martha Sutter. Res. in Den- 
mark, Iowa. Children : 

21. i. Olive E., b. July 25, 1859; d. Aug. 2, 1909; m. J. E. Trevett. 
Walter W., b. Aug. 20, 1862. 

Laura L., b. July 23, 1864; d. Feb. 26, 1897; m. Hiram Ken- 

Bertha G., b. Feb. 10, 1866. 

Frank O., b. June, 1868; d. Oct. 20, 1868. 

LiLiA, b. Oct., 1870; d. Jan., 1871. 

14. Charles Kendall' (William^ Ephraim^ Joseph*, 
Benjamin^ Jonathan^, Abraham^), b. May 9, 1833 ; d. Fairhope, 
Ala., June 17, 1909; m. Nov. 1, 1860, Harriet N. Briggs [b. 
Utica, N. Y., June 11, 1836]. Children: 

27. i. Frank L., b. Dec. 26, 1861. 

28. ii. Nellie M., b. Sept. 28, 1863. 

29. iii. Anna D., b. Feb. 9, 1868. 

15. Edward Hills' (William*', Ephraim^ Joseph*, Benja- 
min^ Jonathan^, Abraham^), b. May 9, 1836; d. Middletown, 
Iowa, July 18, 1911; m. (1) Oct. 23, 1856, Clara Ellen Dudley 
[b. Oct. 23, 1856; d. Oct. 31, 1888]; (2) Jan. 14, 1889, Mrs. 
Anna Diemer. Children: 

30. i. Arthur Allen, b. Oct. 13, 1857; m. Alice Purcell. He is a 

farmer and veterinarian at Columbia, Mo. Four children. 












Brown (Abraham) 

31. ii. Clarence Edward, b. May 1, 1859; m. Lesta Purcell. He is 

merchant, Nevada, Mo. 

32. iii. Etalea Latoria, b. Apr. 2, 1866; m. William Taylor. Res. 

at Keene, Tex. Five children. 

33. iv. Charles, b. Aug. 7, 1872; m. Clara Van Syke. He is a well 

driller at Rocheport, Mo. Five children. 

16. George Stewart'^ (William'', Ephraim^, Joseph*, Ben- 
jamin^, Jonathan^, Abraham^), b. Feb. 16, 1838; d. Geneseo, 
111., Feb. 19, 1888 ; m. Feb. 24, 1870, Sophie E. Mills of Lewis, 
Iowa. Children : 

34. i. Fred Oliver, b. Dec. 3, 1870. 

35. ii. William G., b. July 2, 1875. 

36. iii. Edward F., b. July 2, 1875. 

37. iv. Edith Julia, b. Dec. 20, 1879. 

BROWN (John). 

JoHN^ Brown, b. England, 1608; d. Ipswich, Mass., Sept. 13, 1677; 

m. Mary . He came to America in 1635, and had settled at Ipswich 

as early as 1640. He was a farmer and tailor. 

John- (John'), b. about 1639; d. Apr. 9, 1727; m. (1) Hannah 

[b. about 1650] ; (2) Elizabeth ; (3) Hannah [d. Nov. 17, 1727]. 

Res. Ipswich. 

William' (John=, John'), b. 1683; d. about 1753; m. Apr. 17, 1703, 
Dorothy, dau. of Thomas and Elizabeth Giddings. He was a weaver at 

William' (William^ John=, John'), d. Dec. 31, 1799; m. Jan. 1, 1726, 
Elizabeth, dau. of Joseph and Susanna (Dutch) Kinsman [b. Nov. 11, 
1707]. Res. Ipswich (prob. 1713-76). 

1. Ebenezer^ (William*, William^, John^, John^), bapt. 
Oct. 14, 1744; d. June 7, 1814; m. Mar. 24, 1768, Elizabeth Per- 
kins [b. about 1745; d. Mar. 19, 1837]. He came to New 
Ipswich about 1776, and settled upon lot 30, N. D., where he 
was a farmer and also a blacksmith. Children : 

2. i. Ebenezer, b. Feb. 19, 1769.+ 

3. ii. Isaac, bapt. Nov. 18, 1770. 

4. iii. William, bapt. Nov. 15, 1772. 

5. iv. Elizabeth, bapt. Apr. 11, 1775; d. Apr. 30, 1775. 

6. v. Elizabeth Perkins, b. Apr. 21, 1776. 

7. vi. Eleazer, b. 1778.-[- 

8. vii. Lucy. 

9. viii. James. 

10. ix. Susan, b. about 1786; d. Apr. 21, 1857. 

11. X. Sarah. 

12. xi. Abigail, b. July 1, 1790; d. Oct. 23, 1873; m. Jan. 2, 1812, 

Daniel Spaulding (26). 


History of New Ipswich 

2. Ebenezer^ (Ebenezer^, William*, William^, John^, 
John^), b. Feb. 19, 1769; d. May 20, 1849; m. (1) Feb. 25, 
1796, Lydia, dau. of Daniel and Lydia (Breed) Mansfield (7) ; 
(2) Cynthia Holbrook. He was a clothier in Rindge and a 
deacon in the church of that town. Children : 

13. i. Ebenezer Wilder, b. Feb. 22, 1797 ; d. Jan. IS, 1839 ; m. Nov. 

29, 1821, Eliza, dau. of Thaddeus and Dorothy (Coolidge) 
Richards. He succeeded to his father's business. Children : 
i. Franklin Wilder, b. Aug. 24, 1822; d. Aug. 4, 1827. ii. 
Eliza Ann, b. Oct. 19, 1830; m. Warham H. Rugg. 

14. ii. Franklin, b. Apr. 17, 1799; d. Oct. 24, 1819. 

15. iii. Eliza, bapt. Feb. 4, 1810; m. Horace A. Breed of Fitchburg, 


7. Eleazer*' (Ebenezer^, William*, William^, John-, John^), 
b. 1778; d. July 24, 1855; m. Feb. 6, 1806, Hannah Morgan [d. 
Jan. 25, 1867]. In middle life he became interested in cotton 
manufactures, then steadily increasing in New Ipswich, and 
about 1825 in connection with Samuel Batchelder he estab- 
lished a factory for the manufacture of tickings, between the 
sites of the mills known at different periods as the "Upper 
Factory" and the "Lower Factory," as the "Waterloom" and 
"Souhegan Mills," and still later as the "Columbian, No. 3" 
and the "Columbian, No. 2." "Brown's Factory" was active 
until, in the changing methods of competition, the smaller 
mills were unable to maintain a profitable activity. For a 
considerable period the tax assessed against Mr. Brown was 
exceeded by that of only one fellow townsman. He was in- 
terested in military affairs, and his command of one of the 
militia companies caused him to be generally mentioned as 
"Capt. Brown." Children: 

16. i. Hannah Maria, b. Dec. 9, 1806; d. 1819. 

17. ii. Elvira, b. July 25, 1808; d. 1809. 

18. iii. Elvira E., b. Jan. 1, 1810; d. 1810. 

19. iv. Louisa Reed, b. Mar. 4, 1811; d. Macon, Ga., Mar., 1838; m. 

R. R. Graves. 

20. V. Lucy Ann, b. Jan. 8, 1813; d. Oct. 22, 1909; m. Jan. 13, 1836, 

George M. Champney (16). 

21. vi. George, b. Apr. 14, 1815; d. 1816. 

22. vii. Henrietta, b. Jan. 16, 1817; d. Macon, Ga., 1848; m. Dec. 25, 

1837, Edwin Graves. 

23. viii. Charles Bradford, b. Oct. 8, 1818; d. Feb. 11, 1825. 

24. ix. Mary Jane, b. Jan. 28, 1821 ; d. Feb. 21, 1825. 

25. X. Horace Willard, b. Oct. 31, 1822; m. Aug. 6, 1849, Harriet 

N. Tucker. 

26. xi. Sarah, b. Dec. 8, 1824; d. Dec, 1824. 



BROWN (Jonathan). 

Jonathan' Brown, of Westminster, Mass., is assumed to have been 
descended from Nicholas Brown of Westminster and Reading, but no 
certain evidence of such descent is known. He m. Mehitable, dau. of 
James Hay. Res. Westminster, Mass. 

Jonathan- (Jonathan'), b. about 1740; d. Mar. 14, 1820; m. Huldah 
Hawkes [b. about 1743; d. Jan. 1, 1818]. Res. Reading and Westminster, 

Jonathan^ (Jonathan^, Jonathan'), b. Reading, Mass., Aug. 30, 1765; 
d. July 24, 1840; m. Beulah, dau. of Elisha and Beulah (Taylor) Jackson 
[b. about 1772; d. Nov. 24, 1839]. He was a farmer in Gardner, Mass. 

Charles^ (Jonathan^ Jonathan", Jonathan'), b. Mar. 12, 1800; d. Oct. 
16, 1863; m. Susan Morehead of Gloucester, Mass. He was a grocer in 

1. Charles Severance^ (Charles*, Jonathan". • 
Jonathan^), b. Boston, Nov. 18, 1844; m. (1) 1867, Frances, 
dau. of Adrian and Abbie (Harding) Partridge [d. New Ips- 
wich, 1889] ; (2) 1891, Ruth, dau. of Ephraim Miller of Salem, 
Mass. He has been engaged in carriage service in Boston 
since 1872, but passes his summers in his country home in 
New Ipswich, formerly the home of Judge Timothy Farrar, 
(VIII: 1, S. R.) Children: 

2. i. Albert Edward, b. Feb. 19, 1871; m. Oct. 29, 1894, Grace 

Joanna Thayer (20). He is an electrician in Hartford, 

3. ii. Susan Morehead, b. Jan. 1, 1885. 

4. iii. Philip, b. Nov. 18, 1892. 

BROWN (Joshua). 

Joshua Brown', m. Prudence Welch. They came from England to 
America and settled at Coventry, Ct. 

Benjamin' (Joshua'), m. Jerusha Edwards of Coventry. 

Benjamin' (Benjamin', Joshua'), b. Coventry, Feb. 1, 1787; d. Sept. 

23, 1857; m. Azuba, dau. of Samuel and Hannah (Butterfield) Searles 

[b. Townsend, Mass., Feb. 19, 1790; d. Nov. 29, 1839]. He came to 

Townsend, Mass., in early manhood, and passed his life there as a farmer. 

1. Samuel S.* (Benjamin^ Benjamin-, Joshua^), b. Oct. 27, 
1814; d. Sept. 7, 1876; m. May 16, 1847, Arabella Augusta Bate- 
man (8). He came to New Ipswich while yet a young man and 
was actively engaged for many years as a teamster, his home 
being one of the houses formerly standing upon the north side 
of the turnpike easterly from the High Bridge, which were 
afterward destroyed by fire. Children : 


History of New Ipswich 

2. i. Arabella A., b. Nov. 9, 1848; m. Nov. 20, 1878, Joseph Allen, 

son of Joseph B.' (Stephen", Joseph", John'*, John^ Isaac^ 
Isaac^), and Mercy L. (Covell) Cummings [b. May 16, 
1847], a machinist in Orange, Mass. Two children. 

3. ii. Charles S., b. Jan. 17, 1851; d. Apr. 12, 1902; m. Apr. 27, 

1872, Clara L., dau. of Daniel W. and Nancy (Parkhurst) 
Rugg of Fitchburg, Mass. He was a tinsmith at Taunton, 
Mass., for many years. Two children. 

4. iii. William H., b. May 19, 1852; m. Oct. 6, 1875, Isabelle McNabb 

of Clinton, Mass. He was a tinsmith, but later has been 
superintendent of the waterworks at Shirley, Mass. Three 

5. iv. James E., b. Apr., 1854; d. June 12, 1854. 

6. V. James Frederick, b. May 10, 1855; m. June 13, 1886, Etta E., 

dau. of George V. and Lorena (Warner) Davis [d. Apr. 
7, 1909]. He is a marble worker and undertaker at Shirley, 

BROWN (Thomas). 

Thomas^ Brown came from England, and he settled in Concord, 

Mass., in 1640. He died Nov. 3, 1688, and his wife, Bridget , Mar. 5, 


BoAz= (Thomas'), b. Feb. 14, 1641/2; d. Apr. 7, 1724; m. (1) Nov. 
8, 1664, Mary, dau. of Edward and Jane Winship; (2) Oct. 10, 1716, 
Abigail (Ballard) Wheat [d. July 20, 1726]. 

Thomas' (Boaz', Thomas'), b. May 12, 1716; d. May 13, 1739; m. 
Rachel Poulter. 

John' (Thomas', Boaz', Thomas'), b. Sept. 18, 1694; d. Mar. 6, 1750; 
m. Feb. 23, 1714/5, Elizabeth, dau. of Judah and Grace (Brooks) Potter 
[b. July 23, 1699]. Two of his sons were among the early settlers in 
New Ipswich. 

1. JoHN^ (John*, Thomas^, Boaz-, Thomas^), b. July 1, 
1724; d. 1803; m. Elizabeth Bateman. Irle came from Concord 
to New Ipswich during the early period of the Revolution, 
and settled in an elevated position between Barrett and Kidder 
Mountains, only two or three hundred feet below their sum- 
mits, very near to the crest of the turnpike which was destined 
to cross the range more than a quarter-century later. His 
children, of whom only the youngest was born after his arrival 
in New Ipswich, were: 

3. i. Elizabeth, b. June 30, 1753; d. Feb. 24, 1812; m. Lieut. 

Samuel", son of Dea. Ephraim' (Thomas', Thomas", 
Thomas'), and Abigail (Wheeler) Brown [b. Feb. 18, 1752; 
d. Oct. 29, 1818]. Eleven children. 

4. ii. John, b. Dec. 5, 1755.+ 

5. iii. Thaddeus, b. Mar., 1758. 

6. iv. Asa, b. Apr. 10, 1759; d. Feb. 25, 1834. 


Brown (Thomas) 

7. V. Anna, b. May 8, 1761; d. Apr. 28, 1825; m. Dec. 6, 1785, 

Willard Spaulding [b. 1761; d. 1822]. 

8. vi. Rebecca, b. Mar. 17, 1763; d. Mar. 13, 1813; m. Josiah French 

[d. 1840]. Five children. 

9. vii. Joseph, b. Feb. 21, 1765.+ 

10. viii. Hannah, b. Apr. 28, 1767; d. Feb. 15, 1852; m. Apr. 16. 

1795, Aaron Brown (19). 

11. ix. Reuben, b. Mar. 15, 1769.+ 

12. X. Hepzibah, b. Aug. 27, 1771; d. 1834; m. Nov. 17, 1796, 

Stephen Davis (58). 

13. xi. Thomas, b. June 25, 1774. 

14. xii. Polly, b. Aug. 24, 1779; d. Feb. 24, 1832; ni. about 1798, 

Samuel Wyman. 

2. Josiah^ (John^ Thomas^ Boaz^, Thomas^), b. Jan. 30, 
1742; d. Mar. 18, 1831 ; m. Oct. 31, 1765, Sarah, dau. of Joseph 
and Rebecca (Heywood) Wright [b. Nov. 27, 1744; d. 1821]. 
He came to New Ipswich immediately after his marriage, and 
settled upon Flat Mountain, half a mile eastward from his 
brother, (62, N. D.,) and soon became a prominent man in 
military and in religiotis matters. His name is borne upon 
the Concord roll as that of a sergeant, he was first lieutenant 
in Capt. Towne's company at Bunker Hill, and claimed to 
have fired the last gun before the retreat ; and he afterward 
was captain in command of a company largely composed of 
his fellow townsmen which responded with great prompt- 
ness to the calls for immediate aid as related in the earlier 
part of this volume. He was one of the foremost in the 
organization of the Baptist church, in which he was made 
the first deacon. Like many men of intense vision and prompt 
action, he may have lacked something in breadth of view, but 
conscientious and faithful, he was one of those men whose 
work in the evolution of a new society can hardly be over- 
valued. Children — all born in New Ipswich: 

15. i. Josiah, b. Oct. 1, 1766.-|- 

16. ii. Joseph, b. Oct. 10, 1767.+ 

17. iii. Jonas, b. Mar. 4, 1769.+ 

18. iv. Sarah, b. Nov. 22, 1770; d. Apr. 20, 1822; m. Reuben Brown 


19. V. Aaron, b. Dec. 8, 1772.+ 

20. vi. Amos, b. Sept. 11, 1774.+ 

21. vii. Abner, b. July 27, 1776.+ 

22. viii. Rebecca, b. July 5, 1778; d. June 9, 1853; m. Nathan Perry. 

23. ix. Levi, b. Aug. 6, 1780; d. Sept. 10, 1840; m. May 15, 1803, 

Betsey Temple. 

24. x. Nathan, b. July 25, 1782.-]- 

25. xi. Heywood, b. July 2, 1784.+ 


History of New Ipswich 

26. xii. Betsey, b. Feb. 7, 1787; d. July 11, 1793. 

27. xiii. Abigail, b. June 22, 1790; d. Apr. 24, 1864; m. Asa Farnsworth. 

4. JoHN^ (John^, John*, Thomas^, Boaz^, Thomas^), b. Dec. 
5, 1755; d. Nov. 17, 1830; m. Nov. 9, 1780, Patty Wright. He 
came from Concord, probably with his father, in the later 
part of his yovith, and remained during the earlier years of 
his married life. Later he removed to Sharon, and in 1817 he 
sold his farm in that town and removed to Alexander, N. Y, 
He had received a good common-school education before leav- 
ing Concord, and during his life he often added to his agricul- 
tural labors the duties of a Baptist minister. Children : 

28. i. Abigail, b. Sept. 1, 1781; d. June 21, 1803; m. Apr. 19, 1801, 

David Nay [b. 1781; d. 1803]. One child. 

29. ii. Patty, b. 1783; d. about 1803, unm. 

30. iii. Cyrus, b. Mar. 20, 1785.+ 

31. iv. John, b. Mar. 5, 1787.+ 

32. V. Edward, b. 1789; d. May 2, 1863; m. 1818, Almira Jones [d. 


33. vi. Sally, b. 1791 ; m. 1818, George Adams. 

9. Joseph*' (John^, John*, Thomas^, Boaz^, Thomas^), b. 
Feb. 21, 1765; d. Dec. 16, 1840; m. (1) Sept., 1795, Rebecca 
Walker [b. 1770; d. 1811]; (2) Nov. 5, 1811, Lucy Proctor. 
He was a Congregational minister at Shapleigh, Me., 1795, at 
Alfred, Me., 1805, at Cavendish, Vt., 1812. Children : 

34. i. Mary, b. Oct. 8, 1796; d. Mar. 7, 1866; m. Dec. 31, 1819, Israel 

Moore. Three children. 

35. ii. John, b. July 5, 1801; d. Feb. 22, 1843; m. (1) Nov. 10, 

1829. Clarissa B. Whipple [d. 1832] ; (2) Harriet Doolittle. 
He was a physician. He had one son, John Henry, b. Aug. 
15, 1830. 

36. iii. Lucy Amelia, b. Feb. 15, 1813; m. Apr. 11, 1839, Anson 

Spaulding. Two children. 

37. iv. George Wellington, b. Oct. 4, 1814; m. (1) Dec. 2, 1841, 

Sophia Soper [d. 1843] ; (2) Mar. 7, 1849, Irene Woodbury. 
Three children. 

11. Reuben*' (John^ John*, Thomas^ Boaz^ Thomas^), b. 
Mar. 15, 1769; d. July 17, 1853; m. July 1, 1793, Sarah Brown 
(18). He removed from New Ipswich to Whitingham, Vt., 
about 1800, and thence ten or twelve years later into Canada, 
settling in a new town which received the name of Browns- 
ville in his honor. He was a prosperous farmer. Children : 

38. i. Charles B., b. May 10, 1796; m. Nov. 14, 1816, Sophia Stone. 

He was a minister. 

39. ii. George, b. Aug. 24, 1797. 


Brown (Thomas) 

40. iii. Reuben, b. 1798. 

41. iv. Olive, b. May 11, 1801 ; d. July 6, 1883; m. Jan. 21, 1819, Zenas 

Carey. She lived in Pamelia, N. Y., and Richland, N. Y. 
Seven children. 

42. v. Jesse, b. Oct. 22, 1802. 

43. vi. Betsey, b. Mar. 4, 1804. 

44. vii. Abner, b. July 27, 1805 ;,m. Sept. 27, 1829, Lucy French [b. 

1805; d. 1882]. Nine children. 

45. viii. Hannah, b. July 27, 1805. 

46. ix. Sar.\h, b. Mar. 13, 1807. 

47. X. John Bateman, b. Mar. 10, 1811; m. Sept. 13, 1837, Mary 

Herrick. Three children. 

48. xi. Lyman Lockwood, b. Mar. 18, 1815. 

15. JosiAH*^ (Tosiah^ John*, Thomas^, Boaz^, Thomas^), b. 
Oct. 1, 1766; d. Jan. 20, 1858; m.. Apr. 19, 1792, Alilicent, dan. 
of Edward and Thankful Wright [b. June 25, 1767; d. 1849]. 
He removed to Whitingham, Vt., where he passed his Hfe as 
a farmer. Children : 

49. i. JosiAH, b. Sept. 24, 1793; d. July 19, 1794. 

50. ii. Cyrus, b. Apr. 20, 1795 ; d. Sept. 21, 1797. 

51. iii. RuFUS, b. Jan. 12, 1797; d. Aug. 9, 1875; m. (1) May 1, 1820, 

Polly Smead [b. 1802; d. 1839]; (2) Ruth (Greenwood) 
Belknap, 1841 [d. 1847] ; (3) Dec. 13, 1848, Mrs. Eliza M. 
Winn, dau. of Abiatha and Betsey Edwards. He lived in 
Whitingham. Four children. 

52. iv. Peter, b. July 28, 1798 ; d. July 30, 1798. 

53. V. Clement, b. May 23, 1800; d. Aug. 7, 1849; m. 1823, Polly 


54. vi. MiLicENT, b. July 3. 1802; d. Feb. 24, 1803. 

55. vii. Abram, b. Dec. 10, 1803; d. Dec. 19, 1803. 

56. viii. Edmund, b. July 13, 1805; d. Oct. 11, 1866; m. May 5, 1831, 

Elizabeth, dau. of Samuel Potter and Elizabeth (Brown) 
Prescott. He lived in Whitingham. Six children. 

57. ix. George Witherell, b. Mar. 18, 1810; m. Oct. 4, 1832, Frances 

E. Bemis. 

16. Joseph'' (Josiah^ John*, Thomas^ Boaz^ Thomas^), b. 
Oct. 10, 1767; d. Mar. 2, 1827; m. Sally Preston (10). Like 
his brother Josiah he became a farmer in Whitingham, Vt. 
Children : 

58. i. Joseph Wright, d. July 18, 1855. 

59. ii. James Preston. 

60. iii. Jemima. 

17. Jonas" (Josiah^ John*, Thomas^ Boaz^, Thomas^), b. 
Mar. 4, 1769; d. Feb. 23, 1836; m. Feb. 20, 1796, Lois, dau. of 
Samuel and Abigail Russell. He too passed his life as a 
farmer in Whitingham, Vt. Children: 


History of New Ipswich 

61. i. Jeremiah, b. Nov. 29, 1796; d. Mar. 4, 1849; m. Clarissa 


62. ii. Nancy, b. Mar. 16, 1798; m. James Peebles. 

63. iii. Gratis, b. Apr. 16, 1800; d. Apr. 22, 1868; m. Joseph Eames. 

64. iv. Harvey, b. Dec. 15, 1801; d. Feb. 13, 1874; m. Lucena Fuller. 

65. V. Abigail, b. June 25, 1803; d. Mar. 3, 1873; m. 1823, Joseph 


66. vi. Leonard, b. Sept. 24, 1806; m. Feb. 9, 1834, Lucinda Martin. 

Five children. 

67. vii. Lois, b. Aug. 25, 1808; m. Jan. 29, 1829, Daniel Fowler. Five 


68. viii. Jonas, b. Apr. 8, 1810; d. Apr. 20, 1856; m. Emeline Aldrich. 

69. ix. Russell, b. Feb. 21, 1812; d. May 7, 1835, unm. 

70. X. Martin, b. Nov. 7, 1813; d. July 11, 1861; m. Mary A. Stacey. 

71. xi. Abel W., b. Nov. 2, 1817; m. Lucy Horsley. 

19. Aaron*^ (Josiah^, John*, Thomas^, Boaz^, Thomas^), b. 

Dec. 8, 1772; d. Feb. 15, 1828; m. Apr. 16, 1795, Hannah 

Brown (10) [b. Apr. 28, 1767; d. Feb. 15, 1852]. He was a 

farmer, occupying the farm of his father-in-law, John Brown, 

on the crest of the mountain. He also for a few years after 

the construction of the turnpike kept a store near his home. 

He sturdily maintained the activities of his father, Capt. Jo- 

siah Brown, being a lieutenant and also a prominent supporter 

of the Baptist church, and like his father, a deacon. Children : 

n. i. Betsey, b. Jan. 23, 1796; d. Jan. 26, 1804. 

71. ii. Aaron, b. Sept. 28, 1797; d. May 22, 1798. 

74. iii. Addison, b. Mar. 11, l799.-f 

75. iv. Hermon, b. Dec. 28, 1800.+ 

76. V. Mary, b. Feb. 14, 1803; d. Dec. 1, 1837; m. 1836, William 

11. vi. John S., b. Apr. 26, 1806.-f- 

20. Amos'' (Josiah^, John*, Thomas^, Boaz^, Thomas^), b. 
Sept. 11, 1774; d. May 10, 1864; m. Apr. 5, 1803, Sarah Tar- 
bell [b. 1782]. He was also a farmer, and the fourth of the 
brothers at Whitingham, Vt. Children : 

78. i. Elliot, b. Aug. 15, 1804; d. 1902; m. June 7, 1826, Polly Kings- 

bury. He was a physician. Seven children. 

79. ii. Aldis, b. Dec. 1, 1805; m. (1) Mary Goodenough; (2) Phila 

F. Tenney. 

80. iii. Amos, b. July 9, 1807 ; d. Apr. 2, 1810. 

81. iv. Sally, b. Aug. 13, 1809; d. Dec. 4, 1849; m. T. G. Davis. 

82. V. Clarissa, b. Oct. 11, 1811; d. July 24, 1855; m. Dr. Allen 


83. vi. Hannah, b. Jan. 5, 1816; d. June 13, 1817. 

84. vii. Amos A., b. Oct. 18, 1817; d. Jan. 2, 1869; m. Nov. 28, 1839, 

Mary R. Temple. 


Brown (Thomas) 

21. Abner« (Josiah^ John^ Thomas^ Boaz^, Thomas^) b 
July 27, 1776; d. Apr. 4, 1824; m. (1) Dec. 10, 1805, Polly 
Jaquith; (2) May 16, 1815, Polly Ayer, dau. of Ebenezer and 

(Hevey) Ayer. He succeeded to his father's farm, and 

like his father, held the office of captain. Children: 

85. i. Mary, b. June 23, 1807; d. Nov. 6, 1835. 

86. ii. Almira, b. Apr. 30, 1809; d. Jan. 23, 1857; m. June 9. 1833, 

John G. Wilson (26). Two children. 

87. iii. Lebanon, b. Jan. 23, 181 1.+ 

88. iv. LuRENA, b. Dec. 19, 1812 ; d. July 6, 1833. 

89. V. Abner Hartwell, b. July 6, 18 16.+ 

90. vi. Marshall H,, b. Mar. 1, 1817; d. Apr. 16, 1835. 

91. vii. Fidelia O., b. Dec. 13, 1820; m. 1840, David M. Dodge. Two 


92. viii. SopHRONiA P., b. Nov. 4, 1822 ; d. Oct. 18, 1826. 

24. Nathan^ (Jos^ah^ John*, Thomas^ P.oaz-, Thomas^), 
b. July 25, 1782; d. Jan. 21, 1862; m. June 3, 1806, Betsey Gold- 
smith. He remained in New Ipswich for four or five years 
after attaining his majority, and then joined his four brothers 
at Whitingham, Vt., where he was a successful farmer. Chil- 
dren : 

Nathan, b. June 22, 1807.+ 

Sophia Burnham, b. Oct. 27, 1809; m. May 23, 1833, Jonathan 

Ballard [b. 1798; d. 1862]. Five children. 
William G., b. Mar. 3, 1812.+ 
JosiAH W., b. June 15, 1815 ; d. July 5, 1816. 
Mary E., b. Sept. 9, 1818; d. Sept. 9, 1872, unm. 

25. Heywood*^ (Josiah^, John*, Thomas^, Boaz^, Thomas^), 
b. July 2, 1784; d. Mar. 2, 1867; m. Feb. 5, 1809, Sally Wolcott 
[b. 1788; d. 1876]. His eldest child was born at Lewis, N. J., 
the second at Concord, Mass., but the greater part of his life 
was passed at Acton, Mass. Children : 

98. i. James Madison, b. Feb. 8, 1810; m. (1) Aug. 17, 1839, Laura 

Keyes [b. 1802; d. 1848]; (2) Dec. 26. 1848, Amanda 
Pingrey [b. 1826]. He lived at Littleton, Mass. Ten chil- 

99. ii. JosiAH Wolcott, b. May 18, 1812; m. Oct. 23, 1842, Harriet 

Newell Parker [b. 1821]. He was a minister, and lived 
successively at Concord, Mass., Derry, N. H., and Manches- 
ter, Vt. Ten children. 

100. iii. Louise Sacharissa, b. Apr. 3, 1815; m. June 1, 1835, John 

Wetherbee [b. 1807; d. 1867]. Two children. 

101. iv. Jane Ann, b. Apr. 9, 1817; m. June 1, 1835, George Baker 

Oxley [b. 1807]. 













History of New Ipswich 

102. V. Samuel Heywood, b. Aug. 3, 1819; d. Dec. 14, 1880; m. Apr. 

30, 1850, Elethina Burnham [b. 1822; d. 1863]. He lived 
in Acton and in Littleton, Mass. Three children. 

103. vi. Sarah Wright, b. Jan. 8, 1822 ; m. Nov. 29, 1849, S. Augustus 

Child [b. 1822]. Four children. 

104. vii. Augustus Winslow, b. Aug. 29, 1824; m. Apr. 4, 1848, Lovey 

Blodgett [b. 1827]. Ten children. 

105. viii. Mary Baker, b. Mar. 4, 1827; m. Nov. 28, 1848, Moses F. 

Greenwood [b. 1827]. Six children. 

106. ix. Harvey Darkman, b. Aug. 14, 1831 ; m. July 4, 1855, Jerusha 

C. Little [b. 1834]. Five children. 

30, Cyrus^ (John^ John^ John*, Thomas^ Boaz^, Thomas^, 
b. May 20, 1785; d. Oct. 30, 1846; m. Dec, 1810, Milla, dau. 
of Benjamin and Rebecca Lawrence [d. 1849]. He passed his 
early manhood in Sharon, but at about the age of thirty-three 
he removed to Pembroke, N. Y. Children : 

107. i. Joshua L., b. Aug. 12, 1812; d. June 20, 1860; m. (1) Nov., 

1835, Eliza A. Colby [d. 1836]; (2) Dec. 1, 1842, Diana 
Osborne. Three children. 

108. ii. Abigail W., b. Dec. 8, 1815; d. Jan. 4, 1836; m. Feb., 1835, 

Daniel W. Noble. 

109. iii. John W., b. May 7, 1817; m. Jan. 1, 1838, Lorette R. Noble 

[b. 1818]. Eleven children. 

110. iv. Harriet M., b. Aug. 2, 1819; d. Aug. 4, 1880; m. Dec, 1841, 

Joseph M. Gowing. 

111. V. Martha W., b. Apr. 3, 1822; m. (1) Oct., 1843, Robert Den- 

ham; (2) Jan. 3, 1865, Mark Kidder [d. 1884]. 

112. vi. Cyrus, b. Dec. 12, 1824; d. Jan. 19, 1849, unm. 

113. vii. Sarah Theresa, b. Sept. 23, 1827; d. Jan. 4, 1863; m. Nov. 

20, 1850, Nathaniel W. Stowell. Three children. 

114. viii. Edward Dana, b. Oct., 1829; d. July 12, 1850, unm. 

115. ix. Levant R., b. Mar. 3, 1832; m. (1) Mar. 28, 1854, Laura A. 

Warner [d. 1877]; (2) June 2, 1882, Emma L. Sweeney. 
Four children. 

31. JoHN^ (John*', John^, John*, Thomas^, Boaz^, Thomas^), 
b. IMar. 5, 1787; d. Dec. 22, 1852; m. Oct. 12, 1817, Mary Skel- 
don [d. 1884]. During most of his life he was in Buffalo, 
N. Y., or Darien in the same state. Children : 

116. i. John J., b. Toronto, Ont., Jan. 29, 1819; m. (1) Feb. 23, 1845, 

Rebecca A. Hadley [b. 1820; d. 1868]; (2) July 12, 1871, 
Harriet J. Gallup. He was a doctor, naturalist, and teacher. 
Five children of the first marriage. 

117. ii. Mary Ann, b. Nov. 10, 1820; m. May, 1856, David Flint 

[d. 1872]. One daughter. 

118. iii. George, b. Apr. 3, 1822; d. Mar. 22, 1833. 

119. iv. Thomas, b. Aug. 11, 1825; d. Aug. 17, 1834. 

120. V. Sarah J., b. Mar. 24, 1827; m. Dec, 1854, James Coalsworth. 

Three children. 


Brown (Thomas) 

121. vi. Edv.^ard, b. Aug. 10, 1830; d. June 7, 1864; m. Sept. 5, 1853, 

Sarah Winans. Three children. 

122. vii. Cyrus, b. July 8, 1832; d. Aug. 13, 1863; m. July 7, 1855, 

Sabrina Hutchinson. He was a civil engineer. He served 
in the Civil War as a lieutenant in the 100th New York 
Regiment, and was fatally wounded at the storming of 
Fort Wagner. 

123. viii. George, b. Apr. 10, 1834; m. Apr. 5, 1860, Carrie Garlock. 

Two children. 

124. ix. Abigail, b. Feb. 8, 1836; m. Apr. 5, 1860, Charles Davis. Two 


125. X. Millie, b. May 24, 1839; m. Apr. 3, 1861, Hon. Henry M. 

Rich. Two children. 

126. xi. Daniel C, b. Apr. IS, 1841; m. Sept. 18, 1876, Louisa Brown. 

Three children. 

74. Addison^ (Aaron^ Josiah^ John*, Thomas^ Boaz^. 
Thomas^), b. Mar. 11, 1799; d. May 11, 1872; m. Dec. 13, 1832, 
Ann Elizabeth, daii. of Abijah and Elizabeth Wetherbee. He 
graduated from Harvard College in 1826. studied at the Har- 
vard Theological School, and was pastor of the Unitarian 
church in Brattleboro, Vt., for many years. He was after- 
ward a teacher in Brattleboro and editor of the Vermont 
Phoenix. Children : 

127. i. Frances Allen, b. June 15, 1834; d. Aug. 27, 1870, unm. 

128. ii. Ann Elizabeth, b. June 26, 1836; d. Feb. 9, 1862; m. May 3, 

1853, Christian Schuster. Two children. 

129. iii. Addison, b. June 6, 1838; d. Mar. 3, 1865; m. Feb. 7, 1863, 

Florida S. Starr. 

130. iv. Charles Wetherbee, b. Nov. 7, 1840; m. Aug. 20, 1867, Eliza- 

beth, dau. of Nehemiah and Lucretia Starr [b. 1846]. 

131. V. Mary Hannah, b. July 5, 1842; m. (1) July 31, 1863, Capt. 

Dennis W. Farr [d. 1864] ; (2) Feb. 7, 1867, Col. Augustus 
T. Dunton. 

75. Hermon^ (Aaron*', Josiah^ John*, Thomas^ Boaz^, 
Thomas^), b. Dec. 28, 1800; d. Aug." 23, 1876; m. Sophronia, 
dau. of Samuel Potter and Elizabeth (Brown) Prescott. He 
occupied the family farm upon the mountain, and succeeded 
his father and grandfather as deacon in the Baptist church. 
Children : 

132. i. Addison Prescott, b. Aug. 2, 1827; m. Dec. 26, 1850, Frances 

Louisa Chase [b. 1829]. He lived in Bellows Falls and 
Brattleboro, Vt., and in Worcester, Mass. Three children. 

133. ii. Hannah Elizabeth, b. May 21, 1829; d. Sept. 14, 1831. 

134. iii. Joseph Aaron, b. May 8, 1831 ; m. Feb. 8, 1854, Lucy A., dau. 

of Benjamin F. and Mary E. Davis. 

135. iv. John Humphrey, b. Mar. 22, 1834; d. Feb. 23, 1845. 


History of New Ipswich 

136. V. Mary Elizabeth, b. Mar. 16, 1836; m. May 21, 1857, Charles 

H. Burrough [b. 1832]. She lived in Boxboro, Mass. Six 

137. vi. Alfred Hermon, b. July 14, 1838; m. Jan. 20, 1872, Margaret 

E. Gale [b. 1851]. Three children. Res. Canterbury. 

138. vii. George Stillman, b. Nov. 12, 1840; d. Dec. 11, 1840. 

139. viii. SoPHRONiA Eliza, b. Aug. 20, 1842; d. Sept. 16, 1842. 

140. ix. Hannah Eliza, b. Nov. 19, 1843; d. Sept. 13, 1845. 

77. John S.^ (Aaron^, Josiah^ John*, Thomas^ Boaz^, 
Thomas^), b. Apr. 26, 1806; d. 1902; m. Aug. 16, 1836, Mary, 
dau. of David and Orra (Bliss) Ripley of Greenfield, Mass. 
He graduated from Union College in 1834, taught eight years, 
and then after a couple of years with the Brook Farm com- 
munity he became a Unitarian minister, first at Fitzwilliam, 
N. H., whence he removed to Ashby, Mass., and then in 1857 
to Lawrence, Kan., where his ministerial duties were supple- 
mented by various editorial, official, and agricultural occu- 
pations. Children : 

141. i. Sarah Alvord, b. Jan. 23, 1838. She was an Indian teacher 

at Lawrence. 

142. ii. William Ripley, b. July 16, 1840; m. Oct. 28, 1868, Lizzie E. 

Balcom [b. 1845; d. 1884]. He graduated from Union 
College in 1862. Res. in Earned, Kan. He has held the 
offices of district judge, representative in Congress, and 
register of the U. S. Land Office at Leavenworth, Kan. 
Three children. 

143. iii. Charles Edward, b. Sept. 15, 1842; d. June 15, 1880; m. Aug. 

16, 1871, Harriet, dau. of William and Sarah Bell. He was 
a farmer at Lawrence, Kan. Three children. 

144. iv. Mary Whiton, b. Jan. 15, 1845; m. Apr. 4, 1867, Alfred, son 

of Edward B. and Nancy Whitman [b. 1842]. Seven chil- 

87. Lebanon^ (Abner*', Josiah^ John*, Thomas^ Boaz^, 
Thomas^), b. Jan. 23, 1811 ; d. July 21, 1846; m. Dec. 24, 1835, 
Marinda Blanchard (19) [b. Mar. 8, 1812]. He removed to 
Keene about 1838, and there remained until his death. 
Children : 

145. i. Marshall Lebanon, b. Apr. 18, 1837; m. Nov. 10, 1869, Mrs. 

Helen (Adams) Child. He was a physician at Winchendon, 
Mass. One daughter. 

146. ii. Milan Howard, b. Nov. 11, 1839; d. July 16, 1840. 

147. iii. Mary Miranda, b. Keene, N. H., May 21, 1841; m. Feb. 9, 

1865, William D. Parlin. 

148. iv. George Abner, b. Keene, N. H., June 8, 1845; m. June 22, 

1867, Ida Lavine, dau. of Reuben and Mrs. Caroline E. 
(Cowles) Steward. Six children. 


Brown (Thomas) 

89. Abner Hartwell^ (Abner«, Jos^ah^ John^ Thomas^, 
Boaz^^ Thomas^), b. July 6, 1816; d. Apr. 21, 1851 ; m. Apr. 13,' 
1847, Susan Augusta Shurtleff. He was a doctor. Children- 
born at Hanover, N. H.: 

149. i. Abner Hartwell, b. Dec, 1848; d. Sept. 20, 1849. 

150. ii. Susan Anna, b. Aug. 19, 1850; d. May 16, 1885. 

93. Nathan' (Nathan«, Jos^ah^ John*, Thomas^ Boaz^, 
Thomas^), b. June 22, 1807; d. Jan. 1, 1886; m. (1) May 6, 
1830, Eliza Whitney Ballard [d. 1871]; (2) July 24, 1872, 
Charlotte A. (Worth), widow of William Marlett. His pa- 
rents removed from New Ipswich to Whitingham, Vt., in his 
early infancy, and his boyhood was passed in that town. He 
entered Williams College at the age of sixteen, and graduated 
as valedictorian in 1827. The following five years were passed 
in teaching, editorial work, and preparation for the Baptist 
ministry, to which he was ordained in 1832; he sailed as a 
missionary to Burmah in the same year. In 1835 he was ap- 
pointed to a new mission in Assam, where he gave twenty 
years of eminently successful and honored labor. He re- 
turned to America in 1855, and for fifteen years was editor of 
the American Baptist, but in 1872 he responded to the call 
of Japan and gave the last thirteen years of his life to mis- 
sionary service there, bearing the same stamp of earnest ac- 
tivity and consecrated scholarship. Children : 

151. i. Dorothy Sophia, b. Charlemont, Mass., May 6, 1832; d. Sept. 

29, 1838. 

152. ii. William Ballard, b. Maulmain, Burmah, June 7, 1835; d. 

Aug. 10, 1835. 

153. iii. Nathan Ballard, b. Sadiya, Assam, Sept. 8, 1836; d. Feb. 

11, 1841. 

154. iv. Eliza Whitney, b. Sadiya, Assam, Sept. 30, 1838. 

155. V. William Pearce, b. Sibsagor, Assam, Dec. 12, 1842. 

156. vi. Nathan Worth, b. Yokohama, Japan, Oct. 22, 1877. 

95. William C.^ (Nathan^, Josiah^ John*, Thomas^ Boaz^, 
Thomas^), b. Mar. 3, 1812; m. Oct. 10, 1839, Eunice Fisher. 
He entered Williams College in 1833, but his health did not 
permit him to complete his course. He was a teacher for 
several years, and then was engaged in editorial work for 
about twenty years, having charge successively of the Ver- 
mont Telegraph and the Voice of Freedom, both being anti- 
slavery papers published at Brandon, Vt., and later he had 
charge of the Chicopee (Mass.) Journal. Children : 


History of New Ipswich 

157. i. Ann Judson, b. Aug. 8, 1840; m. (1) Dec. 11, 1869, Capt. 

Frank Preston [d. 1880] ; (2) Oct., 1881, James A. Durfee. 
Two children of first marriage. 

158. ii. Addison W., b. Nov. 25, 1841; m. Nov., 1864, Jula M. Barr. 

One daughter. 

159. iii. Francis Fisher, b. Dec. 1, 1843; m. June 26, 1867, Susie Sea- 

man Brooks. Ten children. 

160. iv. Mary Elizabeth, b. May 10, 1849; m. Oct. 9, 1875, Moses W. 


161. v. Frederick C, b. Sept. 21, 1854; m. Mar., 1878, Ada L. Slyter. 


William^ Bucknam, b. Ipswich, County Suffolk, England, 1602; d. 
Maiden, Mass., 1679; m. (1) Prudence, dau. of John and Prudence Wil- 
kinson; (2) Sarah, dau. of Thomas and Mary Knower. He came to 
America in the Abigail, one of the Winthrop fleet, both of the women 
whom he afterward married coming in the same fleet with their parents, 
although John Wilkinson is believed to have died during the voyage. 
William Bucknam settled in that part of Charlestown called "Mystic Side," 
which is now Everett, where he was a carpenter, but later he became 
a farmer with a goodly farm in the region now constituting Maiden. The 
only child of his first marriage died unmarried, but through ten children 
of his second marriage he founded the American family of his name. 

JosEs' (William'), b. July 3, 1641; d. Aug. 24, 1694; m. (1) 1664, his 
cousin, Hannah, dau. of George and Elizabeth Knower [d. 1673] ; (2) 
Judith, dau. of Lionel and Susanna (Whipple) North of Salisbury, Mass. 
[b. 1647], who survived her husband, and m. Capt. John Lynde of Maiden. 
Joses Bucknam was prominent in town affairs, was a lieutenant in the 
militia, and served in King Philip's war. 

JosES^ (Joses', William'), b. July 1, 1666; d. Apr. 5, 1741; m. Feb. 
24, 1691/2, Hannah, dau. of Capt. John and Hannah (Andrews) Peabody 
of Boxford, Mass. [b. May 6, 1668]. He lived in the part of Maiden 
which is now Everett, where he was a farmer and also a weaver, having 
erected a mill for making cloth, the first manufacturing enterprise under- 
taken in Maiden, and which was continued on the same spot by three 
generations of the family. 

Edward^ (Joses^ William'), b. of second marriage; d. 1773; m. 1716, 
Rebecca, dau. of Samuel and Sarah (Green) Sprague. Res. in that part 
of Charlestown which is now Stoneham, and was one of the original 
members of the First Church of Stoneham, formed in 1729. 

JosEs' (Joses°, Joses-; William'), b. Apr. 17, 1692; d. Aug. 25, 1757; 
m. Aug. 27, 1713, Phebe, dau. of Edward and Abigail Tuttle [b. Boston, 
Aug. 12, 1690; d. May 6, 1767]. He lived upon an estate descended from 
his great-grandfather Knower. He was a respected and influential citizen, 
especially in the church, of which he was a deacon. Like his father, he 
was both "yeoman" and "weaver." 

Edward' (Edward', Joses=, William'), d. 1801; m. Jan. 5, 1742/3, 
Sarah, dau. of Dr. Isaac and Sarah (Wright) Hill. Res. in Stoneham, 
Mass., and was a deacon in the First church for 35 years. 

JosES" (Joses^ Joses', Joses; William'), b. 1714; d. soon after his 
father, not having completed the administration of the estate; m. Mary, 



dau. of Bunker and Martha Sprague of Maiden [b. Jan. 12, 1725/6]. 
He lived in Maiden. 

James' (Joses', Joses', Joses', William'), b. Jan. 23, 1724/5; d. 1799; 
rn. Sept. 17, 1747, Mary, dau. of John Goddard of Roxbury [d. 1790J. He 
lived in Maiden and in Medford. 

Aaron' (Joses', Joses', Joses=, William'), b. Feb. 23, 1728/9; d. 1778; 
m. (1) Nov. 5, 1760, Alice, dau. of Richard and Martha (Barrett) Skinner 
of Lynn and Marblehead [b. 1730; d. Aug. 24, 1767]; (2) May 1, 1768, 
Joanna Floyd of Chelsea. With the exception of a few years at Chelsea, 
his life was passed in his native town, where like his father and grand- 
father he was both a "yeoman" and a "weaver," but he sold the shop 
and waterpower, thus ending a family industry. He served in the Revo- 
lution in 1776 and 1777. 

Ebenezer' (Edward', Edward', Joses', William'), m. Rachel, dau. of 
Dr. Thomas and Miriam (Gray) Hartshorn (Rachel Hartshorn by adop- 
tion) [b. 1762]. Res. in Stoneham, Mass. 

Joses' (Joses', Joses', Joses', Joses', William'), was the oldest son of 
Joses' but the date of his birth is not known; m. Stoneham, Mass., Sept. 
19, 1786, Nabby, dau. of William and Phebe (Brown) Hay. He hved at 
Medford at the time of his marriage, but removed to Mason, N. H., 
where he died. He was a selectman for thirteen years, and twice repre- 
sented the town in the Legislature. He had served in the Revolution, 
and received a grant of land at Glenburne, Me., to which his widow 
and a part of his large family removed. 

Joanna' (Aaron', Joses', Joses', Joses', William'), b. Sept. 11, 1769; 
d. July 26, 1843; m. Feb. 6, 1788, Phineas Pratt (1). 

1. Ebenezer^ (James^ Joses*, Joses^, Joses^, William^^), b. 
Nov. 9, 1762; m. May 29, 1785, Hannah Varder of Medford. 
He lived successively at Maiden, Medford, and Charlestown, 
and for a few years, beginning in 1821, he was a resident in 
New Ipswich, living on or near the road from the turnpike 
across Sawmill Brook. He was a Revolutionary soldier, 
and was known as Lieut. Bucknam. 

2. Benoni^ (Aaron^, Joses*, Joses^, Joses^ William^), b. 
Aug. 24, 1767; d. Sept. 8, 1833; m. Jan., 1793, Elizabeth, dau. 
of Richard and Mary Floyd [b. 1773; d. Apr. 19, 1855]. He 
came to New Ipswich at about the time of his marriage, and 
settled exactly at the geographical centre of the town, (XII : 
2, S. R.,) where he passed his life as a farmer. Children : 

5. i. Benoni, b. Sept. IS, 1793.-}- 

6. ii. Elizabeth, b. June 22, 1795; d. Nov. 8, 1828; m. Jan. 16, 1814, 

John Russell. 

7. iii. John, b. May 30, 1797; d. Aug. 25, 1798. 

8. iv. John, b. Oct. 2, 1799.-+- 

9. V. Sally, b. Nov. 14, 1801 ; d. July 8, 1863 ; m. Joseph Knowlton 

10. vi. Susan, b. Feb. 7, 1804; d. Feb. 24, 1883, unm. 


History of New Ipswich 

11. vii. William, b. Nov. 8, 1806.+ 

12. viii. Aaron Skinner, b. Aug. 30, 1809.+ 

13. ix. James, b. Oct. 12, 181 1.+ 

14. X. Alice Marinda, b. Mar. 9, 1813; d. Apr. 21, 1856, unm. 

3. Edward^ (Ebenezer^, Edward*, Edward^ Joses-, Wil- 
liam^), b. Stoneham, Mass., Aug. 4, 1789; d. New Ipswich, 
Nov. 25, 1880; m. 1814, Sarah, dau. of Nathan and Priscilla 
(Hadley) Willey [b. Medford, Mass., Nov. 3, 1789; d. Sept., 
1881]. He lived in his native town nearly ninety years, at- 
tending to his professional duties as a civil engineer until the 
last two years. The closing years of himself and his wife 
were passed in New Ipswich, at the home of Daniel B. Gil- 
son, (58, N. D.,) Mrs. Gilson being a daughter of his son 
Dexter Bucknam. 

4. Caleb^ (Joses*', Joses^ Joses*, Joses^, Joses^, William^), 
b. Nov. 16, 1795; d. Aug. 3, 1874; m.. (1) Dec. 12, 1818, Debo- 
rah Barrett [b. 1800; d. Jan. 5, 1820] ; (2) Dec. 26, 1820, Louisa 
Brooks Snow of Mason [b. Nov. 30, 1801; d. July 29, 1878]. 
The home of his youth was in Mason, although he is said 
to have been born on board a ship on a voyage from Ports- 
mouth, N. H., to Norfolk, Va. Until he was thirty-three 
years of age he lived in or near Mason, but was for a little 
time at West Townsend, and is recorded in New Ipswich 
for a few years following his second marriage, apparently liv- 
ing near the intersection of the old "country road" and the 
Turnpike. In 1828 he removed to "the West," stopping for 
ten years at Pontiac, Mich., and being county sheriff during 
most of the time ; thence he removed to Dubuque county, 
Iowa, where he purchased land and founded upon it the town 
of Cascade, which he saw increase from a mere Indian trading- 
post to a thriving town, near which in an honorable position 
stands his monument. Children : 

15. i. Deborah, b. Dec. 31, 1819; d. about 1870; m. Sept. 27, 1836, 

Artemas Russell. Six children. 

16. ii. Eliza A., b. Oct. 18, 1821; m. Mar. 14, 1838, George Grimes 

Baughart, a successful business man in Pontiac and Cas- 
cade. Six children. 

17. iii. Magnus Johnson, b. Aug. 10, 1822; d. 1894; m. Harriet 

Winchell. He lived in Cascade, and removed thence to 
California. Three children. 

18. iv. Mary Snow^, m. W. S. Hall. Four children. 

19. V. William D., b. Oct. 16, 1825; d. 1879; m. (1) Chadwell; 

(2) Mary Tolman. He lived in Cascade. Eight children. 



20. vi. Elvira G., b. Jan. 8, 1833; m. Sept. 6, 1848, James Cooley. 

Twelve children. 

21. vii. Harriet Augusta, b. Mar. 3, 1835; m. Charles Winchell. 

Lived at Exira, Iowa. Two children. 

22. viii. CoNELiA Maria, b. Mar. 3, 1837; d. June, 1838. 

23. ix. Charles Eliott, b. June 6, 1838; d. 1840. 

5. Benoni^ (Benoni*^, Aaron'\ Joses*, Joses^, Joses", Wil- 
liam^), b. Sept. 15, 1793; d. Feb. 10, 1889; m. Anne Coy. 
Soon after marriage he removed to Butternuts, Chenango 
county, N. Y., where he was a farmer, as he was later at 
Gilbertsville, Otsego county, in the same state ; increasing 
years caused him to follow his son James Orren to Tripoli, 
Bremer county, Iowa, where his wife died within a year, while 
he survived his son, but remained in his former home with a 
granddaughter till he attained the age of ninety-six years. 
Children : 

24. i. Horatio, b. probably at Butternuts, where he married and 

passed his life, dying of consumption and leaving one son, 
Charles, who died from the same disease. 

25. ii. James Orren, b. Gilbertsville; d. from accidental discharge of 

a gun two days before completing his fifty-sixth year. At 
the age of thirty-four he removed with a colony of settlers 
from New York to Iowa, and passed his remaining years 
at Tripoli. He was an earnest Baptist worker and temper- 
ance advocate. He married and had at least one daughter, 
who married Nape, and succeeded to her father's home. 

26. iii. William Otis, b. July 28, 1818; m. May 4, 1841, Persis Ann 

Clark. Children : i. Ellen Maria, ii. IVilliam. iii. Thomas. 
iv. Fanny H. 

27. iv. MiRANDAE, d. young. 

28. v. Sarah, b. Unadilla, N. Y., Aug. 12, 1824; d. Feb. 1, 1890; m. 

(1) Rev. Russel; (2) July 8, 1882, Rev. Samuel Poin- 

dexter, with whom she lived at Shapleigh, Me. She was 
a successful music teacher. 

29. vi. Harriet Newell, b. June 16, 1828; m. June 16, 1858, Lewis 

P. Norton. She lived in Westfield, Mass. Child : i. Lewis 
F. Norton; he graduated from Harvard College in 1886, 
and is a lawyer in Boston. 

30. vii. DwiGHT Livingston, b. Nov. 11, 1833; d. Sept. 1, 1843. 

8. JoHN^ (Benoni«, Aaron^, Joses*, Joses^ Joses^ Wil- 
liam^), b. Oct. 2, 1799; d. Apr. 28, 1877; m. Dunbarton, N. H., 
Apr. 13, 1826, Sarah, dau. of John and Mary (Robertson) 
Washer of Amherst, N. H. [b. Feb. 4, 1804; d. June 22, 1889]. 
He learned the business of butcher of Jeremiah Prichard at 
Concord, N. H., and followed it at New Ipswich for many 
years, living opposite the southeast corner of the old burymg- 


History of New Ipswich 

ground upon the hill, where, after age made him less vigorous, 
he worked diligently repairing shoes. Children : 

31. i. Sarah Elizabeth, b. Mar. 25, 1827; d. Sherbrooke, Quebec, 

Dec. 11, 1896; m. Hiram C. Wilson [b. Bradford, Vt., Jan. 
10, 1827; d. Sherbrooke, Quebec, Nov., 1900]. He had a 
large music store at Sherbrooke. Four children. 

32. ii. Helen Miranda, b. May 27, 1833; m. Sept. 1, 1853, Charles, 

son of Samuel and Harriet (Conant) Jenkins of Townsend. 
She lived in Mason and Greenville many years, her church 
membership in the Greenville Congregational church ex- 
tending through more than half a century. Four children. 

33. iii. Martha Jane, b. Apr. 6, 1836; m. July 31, 1862, Braman I. 

Wilson of Alstead, N. H. [b. Oct. 29, 1836]. He enlisted 
in the 9th N. H. Regt. eight days after his marriage and 
was appointed sergeant; but he served only a few weeks, 
as he died at Pleasant Valley, Md., Oct. 23, 1862. One 
child, Carrie B. Wilson, b. May 1, 1863; lives with her 
mother at Leominster, Mass. 

34. iv. John Benoni, b. June 20, 1842.+ 

35. V. Harriet Louise, b. June 20, 1842 ; m. Aug. 19, 1862, Harrison 

D. Evans, son of Horace and Lavina (Washburn) Evans 
of Peterboro [b. May 2, 1836]. He had entered Dartmouth 
College, but in his sophomore year he left his studies and 
on the day before his marriage enlisted in the 11th N. H. 
Regt., in which he served almost three years, his wife at 
the same time being a teacher in the South. After the 
war they lived in New Ipswich, Sharon, and Milford, but 
since 1880 their home has been at Ayer, Mass. He was at 
first a farmer, but later became engaged in the nursery 
business. Children: i. Minnie H. Evans, b. Dec. 11, 1866; 
she is a milliner, ii. Jennie May Evans, b. Sept. 9, 1869; m. 
William McLean, who has since died. iii. Harrison E. 
Evans, b. Aug. 8, 1881. 

11. William'^ (Benoni®, Aaron^ Joses^ Joses^ Joses^ Wil- 
liam^), b. Nov. 8, 1806; d. Aug. 11, 1871; m. Sept. 15, 1841, 
Ruth Taylor (39). He was a farmer living a quarter-mile 
south from the Congregational church. Children — born in 
New Ipswich : 

36. i. William Taylor, b. Dec. 12, 1842. -|- 

37. ii. Harriet Asenath, b. Dec. 12, 1843; d. Mar. IS, 1856. 

38. iii. Samuel Lee, b. July 7, 1844.-f- 

12. Aaron Skinner^ (Benoni^ Aaron^ Joses*, Joses^ 
Joses^ William^, b. Aug. 30, 1809; d. Mar. 13, 1889; m. (1) 
Jan. 23, 1839, IVIary Ann Pierce (13) ; (2) June 27, 1866, Mrs. 
Rebecca (Wheeler) (115) Weston. He was a farmer on the 
paternal farm. Children : 



39. i. Harrison Aaron, b. July 14, 1841 ; d. Sept. 24, 1894 ; m. Ellen 

M. Walton of Boylston, Mass. He lived in Leominster, 
and afterward in Fitchburg, where he died. 

40. ii. Mary Jane, b. Sept. 19, 1844 ; d. Apr. 9, 1898, unm. 

41. iii. James Pierce, b. May 16, 1849; d. Jan. 19, 1859. 

42. iv. Eleanor Elizabeth, b. July 8, 1854; m. Frank O., son of 

Quincy and Amanda Kendall of Ashby. They live in 

13. James^ (Benoni'', Aaron^, Joses*, Joses^, Joses^, Wil- 
liam^), b. Oct. 12, 1811 ; d. Jan. 10, 1890; m. (1) July 17, 1838, 
Mehitable, dau. of Phineas and Joanna (Waite) Pratt (11); 
(2) Nov. 28, 1844, Almira Dunklee [b. Apr. 8, 1818J. He 
was a tanner and currier in Rutland, Vt., for ten years, but 
in 1849 he removed to Pittsford, Vt., where he remained until 
his death. Children : 

43. i. Annette F., b. Dec. 22, 1839. 

44. ii. Alice Miranda, b. June 23, 1844; m. Nov. 25, 1874, Frank A. 

Newton [b. July 8, 1850; d. Mar. 14, 1896]. She lived in 
Northfield, Mass. One child, Carrie D. Newton, b. Feb. 3, 
1876; d. Feb. 25, 1876. 

45. iii. James. 

46. iv. Marion A., b. Apr. 15, 1852. 

34. John Benoni^ (John^ Benoni^ Aaron^ Joses*, Joses^ 
Joses^ William^), b. June 20, 1842; m. Jan. 1, 1866, Mary E., 
dau. of Horace and Lavinia (Washburn) Evans of Peterboro 
[b. Nov. 23, 1845]. He was for several years a travelling 
salesman, and afterward a painter. They have lived in Mel- 
rose, Lynn, and Swampscott. Children: 

51. i. Frank A., b. Nov. 9, 1866; m. Elizabeth French. He has 

lived in Melrose and in Swampscott. Three children : i. 
Frank W., b. Dec. 21, 1893. ii. Mary C, b. Apr. 27, 1895. iii. 
Sarah, b. July 16, 1896. 

52. ii. Arthur B., b. Sept. 5, 1868. Lives in Chicago. 

53. iii. Carrie, b. Nov. 28, 1870; d. Oct. 24, 1876. 

54. iv. John F., b. Sept. 22, 1872 ; d. Oct. 19, 1872. 

36. William Taylor^ (William^ Benoni«, Aaron^ Joses^ 
Joses^ Joses^, William^), b. Dec. 12, 1842; m. Dec. 30, 1867, 
Josephine Maria, dau. of James and Hannah (Wood) Simonds 
(5). He succeeded to his father's farm. He was a selectman 
several years. Children : 

55. i. Katherine Maria, b. Jan. 27, 1871; m. Aug. 16, 1905, Rev. 

Henry A. Barber. She lives in Rye. Children: i. Alfred 
William Barber, b. July 24, 1906. ii. Katherine Louise 
Barber, b. Sept. 27, 1907. 


History of New Ipswich 

56. ii. Mary Abbie, b. Oct. 19, 1876; d. Feb. 18, 1911; m. Mar. 29, 

1899, George W. Sargent [m. (2) Jan. 1, 1912, Helen 
Churchill]. Res. in New Ipswich. Children: i. Eleanor 
Maria Sargent, b. July 23, 1903. ii. Marjorie Josephine 
Sargent, b. July 20, 1908; d. Oct. 6, 1909. iii. Robert Wil- 
liam Sargent, b. Feb. 10, 1911. 

Z^. Samuel Lee** (William^, Benoni^, Aaron^, Joses*, Joses^ 
Joses^ William^), b. July 7, 1844; m. July 26, 1881, Mary J. 
Wilcox. He lives in Leominster. Children : 

57. i. Glen Taylor, b. May 14, 1882. 


No less than seven of the early settlers at Watertown, Mass., some 
of whom certainly were brothers, bore this family name, but the tradi- 
tions concerning their relationship are not reliable. Descendants from 
two of these pioneers settled in New Ipswich, as shown below under their 
ancestral names. 

BULLARD (George). 

George' Bullard of Watertown took the freeman's oath in 1641 ; d. 

Jan. 14, 1688/9; m. Beatrice . He lived in the western part of the 

town, which is now Weston. 

Jonathan' (George'), b. July 12, 1647; m. (1) Dec. 22, 1669, Dester, 
dau. of Joseph Morse of Watertown; (2) Mar. 23, 1721/2, widow Eliza- 
beth Barns of Marlborough. 

Jonathan' (Jonathan^, George'), b. Dec. 25, 1672; d. Sept. 14, 1719; 
m. Anna [m. (2) Edward Harrington]. He lived in Weston. 

1. Ebenezer* (Jonathan^, Jonathan-, George^), b. Weston, 

Oct. 14, 1719, d. New Ipswich, May 11, 1768; m. Mary . 

He was one of the earliest settlers in New Ipswich, probably 
preceded by only three or four. He settled in the extreme 
eastern part of the town, (I: 2, S. R.) Children: 

2. i. Asa, b. Dec. 7, 1743 ; d. Sept. 12, 1765. 

3. ii. Simeon, b. Aug. 19, 1745.+ 

4. iii. Keziah, b. Apr. 22, 1747; d. June, 1843; m. (1) William Start 

(3) ; (2) Mar. 20, 1788, Ezra Towne (1) ; (3) Feb. 13, 1800, 
Jonathan Hartshorn [d. 1812]. She then removed to Cam- 
den, Me., where she lived for more than thirty years. 

5. iv. John, b. June 10, 1749. 

6. v. Ephraim, b. Apr. 13, 1751; d. Dec. 1, 1752. 

7. vi. Mary, b. Sept. 12, 1753. 

8. vii. Ebenezer, b. Apr. 1, 1756. 

9. viii. Sarah, b. May 28, 1758. 

10. ix. Susannah, b. Feb. 13, 1761 ; d. Mar. 18, 1765. 

11. X. Asa, b. Apr. 18, 1765. It is stated in the former history that 

he graduated at Dartmouth College, was principal of the 
Franklin school in Boston, afterward studied medicine and 


Bullard (George) 

was a successful practitioner, and that he died at Mt. 
Vernon about 1826. But the Dartmouth General Catalogue 
gives the name as that of a graduate of 1793, who received 
a medical degree at Harvard, and died in 1836, aged 61, 
which makes it doubtful whether he was Asa, the son of 

3. Simeon^ (Ebenezer*, Jonathan^ Jonathan^, George^), b. 
Aug. 19, 1745; m. about 1771, Ruth Adams (H. 16). Children: 

12. i. Ruth, b. Aug. 7, 1772. 

13. ii. AzuBAH, b. July 20, 1774. 

14 iii. Caleb, b. Sept. 7, 1776; d. Jan. 1, 1777. 

15. iv. Ebenezer, b. Aug. 7, 1780; d. Jan. 15, 1811. 

16. v. Mary, b. May 20, 1782. 

17. vi. Sarah, b. Feb. 20, 1784; m. Luther Bowers. 

18. vii. Asahel, b. Mar. 15, 1786. 

BULLARD (John). 

JoHN^ Bullard, of Watertown, was one of the first settlers at Ded- 
ham, signing the "Dedham Covenant" in 1636. He was also one of the 
original proprietors of Medfield, to which he removed about 1650, and 

where he died July 4, 1668. He m. (1) Magdalen [d. Mar. 20, 1661] ; 

(2) Ellen, widow of Thomas Dickerman of Dorchester. 

Joseph' (John'), b. Apr. 26, 1643; m. Sarah . He succeeded to 

his father's farm at Medfield. 

Ebenezer^ (Joseph", John'), of Medfield, d. 1765; m. Susanna [d. 


1. Joseph* (Ebenezer^ Joseph-, John^), b. Medfield, Jan. 
16, 1719; d. Mason, N. H., Mar. 3, 1792; m. Mar. 22, 1754, 
Sarah Proctor of Westford, Mass. [b. Feb. 25, 1729; d. Nov. 
5, 1820]. He settled in New Ipswich at about the same time 
as Ebenezer of the preceding family, who was probably his 
kinsman, although, as is shown above, their connection 
through the family name must have been very distant. The 
two lived together, however, for ten or twelve years, but 
upon his marriage Joseph settled on the next lot to the west, 
(II : 2, S. R.,) and soon after he removed to Mason, where 
he passed his life upon a farm which has been occupied by 
successive generations of his descendants. Children : 

2. i. Silas, b. Apr. 2, 1755.+ 

3. ii. Isaac, b. June 29, 1757; d. 1760. 

4. iii. Peter, b. Apr. 23, 1760. He lived successively at Wyoming, 

Pa., and Marietta, O. 

5. iv. Eleazer, lived at Cincinnati, O. 

2. SiLAS^ (Joseph*, Ebenezer^, Joseph^, John^), b. Apr. 2, 
1755 ; d. May 15, 1835 ; m. July 1, 1782, Avis Keyes of Ashford, 












History of New Ipswich 

Ct. [b. Dec. 30, 1763; d. Mar. 23, 1836]. He lived at Mason, 
where were born fifteen children : 

6. i. Joseph, b. Apr. 2, 1783.+ 

Sampson, b. Oct. 24, 1784.+ 

SiLAs, b. Sept. 5, l786.-\- 

Amasa, b. July 22, 1788; d. Aug. 25, 1808, at Copenhagen, 

Isaac, b. Nov. 1, 1790.+ 

Sally, b. Feb. 21, 1793; m. Feb. 27, 1812, John Felt of Tem- 
ple [b. Apr. 20, 1789]. She lived at Wilton, N. H., and had 
seven children. 

12. vii. Eleazer, b. Nov. 9, 1794; d. July, 1825. 

13. viii. Jesse, b. Nov. 3, 1796; d. July 21, 1797. 

14. ix. John, b. May 20, 1798; d. May 20, 1798. 

15. X. Caleb Emerson, b. Aug. 29, 1799.+ 

16. xi. Charles Keyes, b. Feb. 22, 1801 ; d. May 7, 1860, unm. After 

a successful business life he came to New Ipsw^ich and 
bought for his residence the house built by Charles Shedd 
just north from the town hall, and here passed his later 
years with his sister Clarissa and her husband. 

17. xii. Clarissa Page, b. May 26, 1802.-|- 

18. xiii. Abigail Brooks, b. Dec. 20, 1804; m. Elias Taylor of Jafifrey 

[b. Dec. 7, 1797]. She lived at Jaffrey, and had seven 

19. xiv. George, b. Oct. 26, 1806; d. May 5, 1807. 

20. XV. Harriet Keyes, b. Dec. 22, 1808; m. Nov. 2, 1828, John M. 

Maynard [b. Jafifrey, May 12, 1801]. She had five children. 

6. Joseph*^ (Silas^ Joseph*, Ebenezer^ Joseph^ John^), b. 
Apr. 2, 1783; d. June 9, 1843; m. Oct. 23, 1809, Lucy (Felt) 
Cragin of Temple [b. Nov. 26, 1780]. He lived in Rindge. 
Children : 

21. i. Lucy, b. July 20, 1810. 

22. ii. Amasa, b. May 2, 1812. 

23. iii. Elvira, b. Sept. 19, 1815. 

24. iv. Silas, b. Aug. 29, 1817. 

25. V. Stephen Felt, b. June 8, 1823. 

7. Sampson** (Silas^ Joseph*, Ebenezer^ Joseph^ John^), 
b. Oct. 24, 1784; m. Nov. 8, 1818, Ivah Patterson [b. June 5, 
1798; d. July 16, 1854]. He lived successively at Boston, Con- 
cord, N. H., and Littleton, N. H. Children: 

26. i. Enoch P., b. Sept. 16, 1819. 

27. ii. Caroline I., b. Apr. 9, 1821. 

28. iii. George H., b. Sept. 6, 1823; d. May 17, 1840. 

8. Silas** (Silas^ Joseph*, Ebenezer^ Joseph^ John^), b. 

at Mason, N. H., Sept. 5, 1786; d. Feb. 5, 1835; m. May 2, 

1820, Mary Ann Barrett (14). He lived in Boston. 

Children : 


Bullard (John) 

29. i. Mary, b. Nov. 6, 1821; m. John S. Dwight of Boston, a 

musical critic and publisher. They were at Brook Farm 
before their marriage. 

30. ii. Charles Barrett, b. Nov. 22, 1823; m. Isabel Gould. Two 

sons. He went to California in 1849. He had a farm at 
Shirley, Mass., and passed his last years in New Ipswich. 

31. iii. Martha Ann, b. Dec. 26, 1825; m. Charles Reed. Res. at 


32. iv. Sar.\h Jane Wollstonecraft, b. Sept. 11, 1828; d. Oct. 13, 

1904, unm. She made her home in the old Barrett man- 
sion during the last twenty-five years of her life. 

10. Isaac*' (Silas^ Joseph*, Ebenezer^, Joseph^, John^), b. 
Nov. 1, 1790; m. Sept. 10, 1816, Nancy Fay [d. Feb. 24, 1827]. 
He lived at Mason. Children : 

33. i. Charles A., b. Jan. 9, 1819; d. Nov. 4, 1850. 

34. ii. Mary Ann, b. Mar. 26, 1820. 

35. iii. George C, b. Sept. 25, 1822; d. Dec. 24, 1826. 

36. iv. George F., b. Jan. 7, 1827. 

15. Caleb Emerson*' (Silas^, Joseph*, Ebenezer^, Joseph^, 
Johni). b. Aug. 29, 1799; m. June 2, 1821, Sophronia Kimball 
of Nelson, N. H. [b. Aug. 10, 1801.] Children: 

37. i. Benjamin K., b. Jan. 22, 1826; d. Aug. 18, 1829. 

38. ii. Abigail A., b. Oct. 19, 1828. 

39. iii. Franklin K., b. Jan. 20, 1834. 

40. iv. Louisa S., b. June 27, 1837. 

41. V. Mary C, b. Jan. 3, 1841. 

17. Clarissa Page** (Silas^, Joseph*, Ebenezer^, Joseph-, 
John^), b. May 26, 1802; d. Aug. 8, 1879; m. Feb. 5, 1819, 
Charles Granger [b. Suffield, Ct., June 8, 1799; d. New Ips- 
wich, Nov. 21, 1865]. She lived at Mason and at New Ips- 
wich. Children : 

i. Catherine A. Granger, b. May 13, 1821 ; m. John H. Coy. 

ii. Charles H. Granger, b. Mar. 31, 1823. 

iii. James W. Granger, b. Sept. 30, 1825; d. Jan. 24, 1864. 

iv. Mary Ann Granger, b. Dec. 10, 1829; m. Aug. 9, 1849, 

Frederick H. Moore. 
V. George E. Granger, b. Mar., 1832; d. Aug. 5, 1832. 
vi. Martha M. Granger, b. Oct. 3, 1833 ; d. Dec. 14, 1902 ; m. 

Apr. 6, 1859, William A. Preston (70). 
vii. Caroline E. Granger, b. Sept. 7, 1840; d. 1905; m. Apr. 2, 

1874, James White Moore. 


1. William^ Burrows, b. about 1728; d. 1825. He is said 
to have come to New Ipswich from Hartford, Conn. His 


History of New Ipswich 

name first appears upon the town records in 1785. He first 
settled near the south line of the town, a little east of the 
point where the river enters from Ashby, on lot 74, A. D., 
but apparently remained there only a few years, removing to 
the Francis Fletcher farm, (XIII: 1, S. R.) The place of his 
home there, upon a road now almost impassable, extending 
from Davis Village to the house of George S. Wheeler, can 
still be recognized, but the house was suddenly destroyed by 
its owner about sixty years since to prevent its appropriation 
by the town authorities for the use of sufiferers from smallpox. 
Children : 

2. i. William, b. about 1766.+ 

3. ii. Hannah. 

4. iii. Joseph, m. July 12, 1790, Lydia Preston (9), and removed 

to Whitingham, Vt. It is not certain that he was a son 
of William, but as his name appears upon the town records 
but a little later than that of his assumed father, and 
earlier than that of William, Jr., the assumption seems 
reasonable. There are known to have been other children, 
probably never residents in the town. 

2. William- (William^), b. about 1786; d. Mar. 10, 1807; 

m. 1789, Sarah Fletcher (30) [m. (2) Richard Wheeler (13)]. 

He was a farmer on the same farm with his father. Children : 

Sarah, b. June 7, 1790; m. Sept. 13, 1818, Oliver Harris (1). 
Lydia, b. Oct. 17, 1792; d. July 10, 1818; m. Nov. 27, 1815, 

Rev. John Parkhurst. 
Ruth, b. Oct. 14, 1795; m. Jan. 4, 1816, Jonas Button. 
Celia, b. May 20, 1798; m. Feb. 22, 1820, Rev. John Parkhurst. 
Laura, b. Apr. 8, 1801; d. Mar. 6, 1820. 
William Fletcher, b. Apr. 24, 1804. 
Elvira, b. June 28, 1807; d. Feb. 28, 1850; m. 1832, Leonard 

Hastings (2). 


Boniface* Burton was one of the earliest settlers of Lynn, Mass., 
where he died June 13, 1669, at which time he was said to be 113 years 
old, but a historian of that time adds the remark ''I am afraid that much 
exaggeration was formerly used with respect to the ages of old people." 

John^ (Boniface*), d. Oct. 14, 1681. Res. Salem, where he was free- 
man in 1638. He was a Quaker and suffered punishment for his belief. 

Isaac" (John", Boniface*), d. 1706. Res. in Topsfield and in Salem. 

John* (Isaac', John', Boniface*), d. 1750. 

John' (John', Isaac', John', Boniface*), b. about 1711; d. Feb. 11, 
1791; m. May 14, 1734, Abigail Paine of Salem [b. about 1713; d. Aug. 
28, 1796]. He resided for a time in Middleton, Mass., and removed thence 
to Wilton. 

















John" (John', John*, Isaac', John', Boniface*), b. about 1738; d. Nov. 
18, 1816; m. at Topsfield, Mass., Oct. 7, 1756, Rebecca Gage [b. about 
1739; d. Aug. 17, 1831]. He was a farmer and miller in Wilton, where 
he held the office of selectman and town clerk. He was called deacon. 

John' (John*, John', John', Isaac', John', Boniface'), b. March 25, 
1767; m. (1) Jan. 27. 1791, Eunice, dau. of Dea. Peter and Rebecca 
(Russell) Heald of Temple [b. Apr., 1771] ; (2) April 20, 1836, Susannah 
Carter of Wilton. He removed to Andover, Vt., where he was captain 
of militia, but returned to Wilton in 1808. 

Dexter* (John', John®, John", John^ Isaac^ John^ Boniface'), b. at 
Andover, Vt., Oct. 16, 1802; d. June 3, 1855; m. April 20, 1824, Clarissa 
O., dau. of Jesse and Sarah (Tidder) Spofford of Temple [b. June 12, 
1803]. Res. in L3mdeboro, where he was selectman for several years. 

1. Dexter Lionel^ (Dexter^, John^, John*', John^ John*, 
Isaae, John^, Boniface^), b. Apr. 10, 1825; d. May 3, 1896; 
m. Dec. 16, 1853, Emily Frances, dau. of Jonathan and Mary 
G. (Newcomb) Ward of Hampton Falls, N. H. [b. Dec. 21, 
1828; d. Feb. 25, 1908]. Children: 

2. i. George Dexter, b. Oct. 26, 1855 ; m. Jan. 16, 1893, Frances R. 

Jones (61). Promoter of the Burton Stock Car and many 
electrical devices and machines. 

3. ii. May Eva, b. Jan. 9, 1858; m. (1) Mar., 1876, Jeremiah 

Kittredge Chandler (R. 97) ; (2) June 17, 1908, Stephen 
W. Wheeler. 

4. iii. Ida. 

5. iv. Nellie. 

6. V. John. 


1. Robert^ Campbell, a native of Scotland, was in New 
Ipswich as early as 1760. His name appears upon the tax- 
lists of the town from its incorporation until 1791, soon after 
which he probably died. He lived upon the "Jesse Stearns 
farm," (7, N. L. O.) No record of his family has been found 
except that of the census of 1790, according to which it then 
consisted of three males above sixteen years of age, one male 
below that age, and five females, but the name of only one 
child is known. 

2. Caleb^ (Robert^), b. about 1741; d. 1800; m. (1) Nov. 
26, 1789, Nabby, dau. of John and Elizabeth Wilkins [b. Aug. 
8, 1769]; (2) Apr. 22, 1794, Lydia Stratton (S. 4). He suc- 
ceeded to his father's farm. Only two children are recorded, 
but a third is probably known. Children : 

3. Caleb, b. about 1791. + 

4. Mary, m. Dec. 22, 1817, Samuel Cragin (13). 


History of New Ipswich 

5. Lydia, m. May 7, 1812, John Kinsman of Fitchburg. She is 

not recorded, but probably was daughter of Caleb. 

3. Caleb^ (Caleb^ Robert^), b. about 1791; d. Feb. 5, 1863; 
m. Nov. 25, 1813, Lucy Taylor (29). He passed the greater 
part of his life as a farmer on the road to Smith Village, his 
farm being on the site of the third home of Abijah Foster, 
(IX:2, S. R.) Children: 

6. i. Harriet Atwood, b. Mar. 26, 1815; d. July 1, 1879; m. June 

2, 1841, Newton Brooks (11). 

7. ii. Mary Ann, b. Apr. 27, 1816; d. Sept. 19, 1886; m. Apr. 10, 

1834, Samuel Gushing (1). 

8. iii. Maria, b. Dec. 18, 1820; m. Cheseldon Perry, a hotel pro- 

prietor at Brattleboro, Vt. Eleven children. 

9. iv. George Galeb, b. Jan. 1, 1823; d. Mar. 12, 1885; m. July 14, 

1844, Abby Jane Newton. He succeeded to the paternal 
farm, but made the home of his later years at the Genter 
Village, in the house long occupied by Moody Adams nearly 
opposite the Barrett mansion. He was largely interested in 
the lumber business and was one of the selectmen. 

10. V. Eveline, b. Nov. 14, 1824; m. John Perry. Res. at Brattle- 

boro, Vt., and removed thence to Wisconsin. Three chil- 

11. vi. Myra, b. Apr. 25, 1826; d. Brooklyn, N. Y., Mar., 1900. 

12. vii. Lucy, b. Aug. 1, 1830; m. Benjamin H. Ghase, a jeweler at 

Brattleboro, Vt., and at Ghicago. 

13. viii. Emily Frances, b. Dec. 17, 1832; d. June, 1884. She gave 

the service of many years to the Faith Home for Incura- 
bles at Brookljm, N. Y., and died in that institution. 

14. ix. Helen, b. Feb. 17, 1835; m. William Mills, at that time a 

worker in the Y. M. G. A. at Providence, R. I., and later 
an Episcopal clergyman. 

15. X. Abby Henrietta, b. June 1, 1837. She is superintendent of 

the Faith Home for Incurables at Brooklyn, N. Y., which 
she with her sister Emily Frances established in 1875, and 
which has done a most beneficent work for many years. 


Thomas^ Carr of Sudbury, Mass., m. Nov. 2, 1741, Grace Sherman 
of Marlboro, Mass. He was a farmer, and his farm, originally of 300 
acres, remained in the family for four generations. 

Thomas^ (Thomas^), b. Sudbury, Dec. 20, 1742; m. Abigail Lovering. 
He had a part in the Revolutionary uprising of April, 1775, and served in 
the field during later years. 

John' (Thomas', Thomas'), b. Feb. 21, 1773; d. Mar. 23, 1855; m. 
Dec. 24, 1797, Dorcas Haynes [b. about 1771; d. Oct. 29, 1840]. He served 
in the War of 1812. 



1. Emery* (John^, Thomas^, Thomas^), b. Sudburv, Apr. 
3, 1799; d. Nov. 24, 1880; m. Mar. 30, 1825, Abigail Rice of 
Stow, Mass. [b. Sept. 13, 1800; d. Nov. 24, 1888]. He lived 
in Fitchburg, Mass., during his early manhood, but in 1834 
he came to New Ipswich and built a sawmill a little south of 
the "white school-house" on the Turnpike, on 146. A. D. At 
a later date he moved southerly a mile and a half and made 
his home near the Rindge line, (131, A. D.) Children: 

3. i. Rebecca Smith, b. Sudbury, Feb. 4, 1826; d. Apr. 3, 1844. 

4 ii. James Emery, b. Dec. 30, 1827. + 

5. iii. Abby Ann, b. Jan. 28, 1830; d. Nov. 3, 1831. 

6. iv. Ruth Rice, b. Dec. 11, 1832; d. Aug. 26, 1849. 

7. V. Joseph Fletcher, b. Apr. 28, 1835. 

8. vi. John W., b. July 25, 1837; d. Mar. 2, 1842. 

9. vii. Edward J., b. Aug. 12, 1841 ; d. Mar. 18, 1842. 

10. viii. John Edward, b. July 23, 1843; d. Aug. 9, 1906. He served 

during the Civil War, in the 13th New Hampshire Regi- 
ment, and later in a Pennsylvania battery. Afterward 
res. in Carlisle, Mass. 

2. Ezra* (John^, Thomas^, Thomas^), b. Sudbury, Feb. 21, 
1807; d. 1875; m. (1) Oct. 6, 1842, Belinda Walker (J. 14); 
(2) June 3, 1875, Mary, widow of Ezra Scollay, and previ- 
ously of Paul Moore. He succeeded to the Jesse Walker 
farm on the west side of the mountain, upon the old Rindge 
road, now abandoned, (152, A. D.) 

4. James Emery^ (Emery*, John^, Thomas-, Thomas^), b. 
Fitchburg, Mass., Dec. 30, 1827; d. Apr. 9, 1911; m. Jan. 12, 
1858, Irene Amanda, dau. of Benjamin and Lydia (Cass) Dan- 
forth of Rindge [b. Oct. 23, 1840; d. Apr. 5, 1904]. He for 
many years had a mill very near the Rindge line, largely oc- 
cupied by the manufacture of shingles, for which purpose he 
introduced improved machinery before unused in the state. 
He was a selectman 1879-81. He removed to West Rindge 
in 1885, where for ten years he had charge of the mills and 
farms of the Butterick Publishing Company. Children : 

11. i. A daughter, b. and d. June, 1859. 

12. ii. Ida Amanda, b. Apr. 24, 1860; d. June 26, 1880. 

13. iii. Leslie James, b. Nov. 17, 1862; m. Hattie Hayward. A 

farmer in Hancock. Two children. 

14. iv. A daughter, b. and d. 1864. 

15. v. Emma Lillian, b. Apr. 17, 1869; m. Frank A. Wing, a civil 

engineer. Three children. 

16. vi. Theodore Parker, b. Aug. 14, 1870; d. Mar. 18, 1912; m. 

Bessie Hazelbarger. He was a farmer in Ashby, Mass. 


History of New Ipswich 

17. vii. Ernest Edward, b. Sept. 17, 1871; m. Nettie Barker. At 

the age of fifteen he was adopted by Waldo Wilson, and 
his name was changed to Wilson. He is a farmer in Car- 
lisle, Mass. Two children. 

18. viii. Roy Davis, b. Nov. 2, 1873; m. Fanny Carey. He is an 

engineer in Winchendon, Mass. One child. 

19. ix. Amy Henrietta, b. May 21, 1876; m. Arthur Bennett, a 

machinist in Providence, R. I. 

20. X. John Earl, b. May 13, 1882. He is an engineer in Provi- 

dence, R. I. 

21. xi. Edna Dean, b. June 23, 1883; unm. Res. East Templeton, 


22. xii. Harlan, b. Dec. 13, 1884; d. July 17, 1886. 


Richard* Champney, descended from Sir Henry Champney who 
fought under William the Conqueror at the battle of Hastings, came 
with his wife Jane from Lincolnshire, England, to Cambridge, Mass., in 
1634/5, and settled in the part which is now Brighton, where he was 
made freeman in 1636, and was a ruling elder in the church. He died 
Nov. 26, 1669. 

Daniel' (Richard*), b. Mar., 1644; d. 1699; m. (1) Jan. 3, 1665, 
Dorcas, dau. of Thomas and Dorcas Bridge [b. about 1648; d. Feb. 7, 
1683/4] ; (2) June 9, 1684, Hepzibah, dau. of Elijah Corlet and widow 
of James Minot. Res. in Cambridge. 

Daniel^ (Daniel", Richard*), b. Dec. 14, 1669; m. Bethiah Danforth. 

Solomon' ( Daniel', Daniel', Richard*), b. Mar. 17, 1701/2; d. 1760; 
m. (1) 1723, Elizabeth Cunningham; (2) Abigail Crackbone [b. about 
1710; d. Jan. 18, 1785]. He began life as a mechanic, but entered the 
English army and was serving in Castle William, Boston Harbor, at the 
time of his death. 

1. Ebenezer^ (Solomon*, Daniel^, DanieP, Richard^), a 
son of his father's second marriage, b. Apr. 3, 1744; d. Sept. 
10, 1810; m. (1) Abigail, dau. of Rev. Caleb Trowbridge of 
Groton [b. about 1740; d. 1775]; (2) 1778, Abigail Parker 
(S. 2); (3) Mar., 1796, Susan Wyman [d. Sept., 1796]. He 
was born in Cambridge and graduated from Harvard College 
in 1762. He then studied divinity and preached about two 
years, after which he left that profession, studied law, was 
admitted to the bar at Portsmouth in 1768, and settled in New 
Ipswich, where he passed his professional life except during 
six years when he was located at Groton, which town he rep- 
resented in the Legislature. After 1795, he was Judge of 
Probate for Hillsborough County. For some years he was 
the only lawyer between Keene and Groton, and necessarily 
rode over a very extended circtiit. By successive purchases 














he obtained the farm situated west of Bank Village, since 
owned by his grandson, Hon. John Preston, and he built upon 
it the farmhouse which was destroyed by fire. He lived in 
this house for some years, but later he removed to the house 
upon the hillside across the street from the present Baptist 
church, which was for so long a time the home of Esquire 
Preston. This home was conveniently near Judge Champ- 
ney's office, situated, like his home, upon the old "country 
road," just east of the Joseph Kidder Brook, and facing upon 
the Village Green. Children : 

Benjamin, b. Aug. 20, 1764.+ 

Francis, b. Jan. 27, 1766. + 

Abigail, b. May 4, 1767; d. 1805; m. Dec. 10, 1789, Thomas 

Gardner of Groton. Seven children. 
Hannah, b. Sept. 23, 1768; m. Feb. 2, 1792, James, son of 

James Prescott of Groton. Ten children. 
Elizabeth, b. Sept. 12, 1770; d. Aug. 27, 1775. 
Sarah, b. Dec. 25, 1771; d. Aug. 20, 1775. 

8. vii. Ebenezer, b. Feb. 5, 1774; d. Aug. 29, 1775. 

9. viii. Elizabeth, b. Feb. 6, 1779; d. June 19, 1869; m. Jan. 21, 

1798, Dr. John Preston (14). 

10. ix. Ebenezer, b. July 19, 1780.+ 

11. X. Jonas Cutler, b. Apr. 17, 1783.+ 

2. Benjamin^ (Ebenezer^, Solomon*, DanieP, DanieP, 
Richard^, b. Aug. 20, 1764; d. May 12, 1827; m. (1) 1791, 
Mercy Parker [b. July 3, 1765; d. Apr. 4, 1795]; (2) Oct., 
1809, Rebecca Brooks [b. about 1782; d. Aug. 15, 1849]. He 
studied law in his father's office and commenced practice in 
Groton during his father's residence in that town. Pie re- 
turned to New Ipswich in 1792, and until his decease he 
was an influential citizen. He was postmaster for twenty 
years, a selectman for eight years, and was one of the pro- 
prietors of the first cotton mill in the town, this being also 
the first in the state. He succeeded to the home of his father 
in the Center Village. Children : 

12. i. Sarah, b. July 22, 1792; d. July 15, 1864. 

Maria, b. July 23, 1793 ; d. Nov. 1, 1796. 

Benjamin, b. Mar. 12, 1795; d. Nov. 13, 1813. He had en- 
tered Dartmouth College the year preceding his death, but 
a stone thrown by a fellow student struck his head and 
ultimately caused his death. 

Edward Walter, b. Aug. 18, 1810. -|- 
George Mather, b. Mar. 6, 1812.-|- 

Maria Louisa, b. Nov. 14, 1813; d. July 9, 1881; m. Dec, 
1837, Francis K. Cragin (23). Res. Woburn, Mass. 












History of New Ipswich 

18. vii. Ellen Eliza, b. Oct. 17, 1815; d. June 5, 1888; m. Dec. 31, 

1840, John Clough [b. Jan. 26, 1809; d. Nov. 27, 1879]. 
He was a physician and practiced for a few years, 1837-40, 
in New Ipswich, after which he devoted himself to den- 
tistry in Woburn, Mass. Child : Sarah Maria Clough, b. 
Apr. 11, 1842; m. Robert J. W. Phinney. 

19. viii. Benjamin Crackbone, b. Nov. 19, 1817.-J- 

20. ix. Mary Jane, b. 1819; d. Mar. 2, 1837. 

21. X. Henry Trowbridge, b. Sept. 19, 1825; d. Nov. 17, 1913; m. (1) 

Nov., 1849, Lydia Parshley [d. Feb. 21, 1896]; (2) Apr. 
30, 1896, Amelia K., dau. of Vernon and Helen (Smith) 
Hanson of St. John, N. B. He was a successful merchant 
in New York city until failing health necessitated his re- 
tirement. Res. West Medford, Mass. 

3. Francis" (Ebenezer^, Solomon*, Daniel^, DanieP, Rich- 
ard^), b. Jan. 27, 1766; d. 1837; m. 1786, Abigail Trowbridge. 
He lived for a time on the "Woolson farm," (S. R., IV: 2,) 
said to have been the first farm cultivated in the town, but 
he removed to Groton in middle life and resided there until 
his death. Children : 

22. i. Francis, b. 1788; d. 1791. 

23. ii. Samuel, b. 1789; d. 1793. 

24. iii. Abigail, b. 1793; d. 1793. 

25. iv. Fanny, b. 1793. 

26. v. Francis, b. 1794. 

27. vi. Abigail, b. 1796. 

28. vii. Samuel, b. 1798. 

29. viii. Ferdinand, b. 1800. 

10. Ebenezer" (Ebenezer^, Solomon*, DanieP, DanieF, 
Richard^), b. July 19, 1780; d. Nov. 16, 1829; m. 1803, Mehi- 
table, dau. of John and Maria (Nichols) Goodridge of Fitch- 
burg, Mass. [b. Aug. 29, 1782; d. June 24, 1840; m. (2) Isaac 
Bigelow of Leominster, Mass.]. He was a farmer upon the 
eastern part of the farm of his father, afterward owned suc- 
cessively by William Prichard and his son Francis W. Eight 
of his grandchildren, bearing the family name, served in the 
Civil War. Children : 

30. i. Ebenezer Nichols, b. May 8, 1804; d. July 21, 1807. 

31. ii. Jonas Cutler, b. Jan. 29, 1806.-)- 

32. iii. Ebenezer, b. Mar. 8, 1808.+ 

33. iv. Fred William, b. Oct. 18, 1809; d. Apr. 16, 1810. 

34. v. Julius Beresford, b. Feb. 12, 181 1.+ 

35. vi. Samuel Parker, b. Oct. 24, 1814.+ 

36. vii. Mary, b. Jan. 7, 1816; d. Mar. 10, 1816. 

37. viii. Elizabeth, b. Mar. 9, 1817; m. Dec. 15, 1843, Daniel Coburn 

of Lowell, Mass. [b. Dracut, Mass., Sept. 14, 1819]. She 
lived in Lowell. Five children. 



38. ix. Lewis Clark, b. May 19, 1819.+ 

11. Jonas Cutler^ (Ebenezer^ Solomon^ DanieP. DanieP. 
Richard^), b. Apr. 17, 1783; d. Feb. 7, 1824; m. Phebe Parker 
(S. 14). He was a farmer upon the "Woolson farm," previ- 
ously owned by his brother Francis. Children : 

39. i. Horatio Nelson, b. 1809; d. May 10, 1849, unm. 

40. ii. Abby Parker, b. Aug. 29, 1813; d. Oct. 14, 1894; m. Charles 

C. Bellows (4). 

15. Edward Walter^ (Benjamin*^, Ebenezer'^, Solomon*, 
DanieF, Daniel-, Richard^), b. Aug. 18, 1810; d. May 1, 1886; 
m. (1) Oct. 8, 1845, Caroline L. Floyd [b. 1820; d. Oct. 6, 
1865] ; (2) Apr. 8, 1868, Esther Agnes Frost [b. Feb. 7, 1837]. 
He was a successful wholesale dealer in dry goods, associated 
with his brother George M. in Boston for many years. Res. 
at Woburn. Children : 

41. i. Walter Frost, b. Jan. 29, 1869. 

42. ii. George Kuhn, b. Oct. 17, 1872; d. July 8, 1877. 

16. George Mather'^ (Benjamin^, Ebenezer^, Solomon*, 
DanieP, DanieP, Richard^, b. Mar. 6, 1812; d. Jan. 4, 1882; 
m. Jan. 13, 1836, Lucy Ann, dau. of Eleazer Brown (20) [b. 
Jan. 8, 1813; d. Oct. 22, 1909]. For many years he was a 
partner of his brother Edward W., in the wholesale dry goods 
trade of Boston ; and in later years devoted his attention to 
literary pursuits, being also librarian of Winn Library at 
Woburn, where he made his home. Children : 

43. i. Georgiana, b. Sept. 29, 1837; d. Aug., 1838. 

44. ii. George Edward, b. Feb. 12, 1839; d. Apr. 20, 1842. 

45. iii. Edwin Graves, b. Aug. 24, 1842.+ 

46. iv. Ellen Frances, b. Mar. 2, 1844; m. Feb. 24, 1883, Edward 

D. Hayden [d. Nov. 15, 1908]. 

47. V. Anna Louisa, b. Mar. 8, 1846; m. Dec. 22, 1870, Henry T. 

Remick. One daughter. Bertha Remick, b. Dec. 15, 1872. 

19. Benjamin Crackbone'^ (Benjamin^, Ebenezer^ Solo- 
mon*, DanieP, DanieP, Richard^), b. Nov. 19, 1817; d. Dec. 
11, 1907; m. (1) July, 1853, Mary Caroline Brooks [b. July 17, 
1829; d. Oct. 24, 1876]; (2) June 26, 1879, Margaret Steven- 
son [b. Feb. 26, 1841; d. Nov. 17, 1895]. He was an artist 
of recognized ability. Res. in Boston. Children : 

48. i. Benjamin Kensett, b. Dec. 15, 1854. 

49. ii. Grace, b. July, 1856; d. Dec, 1863. 

50. iii. Edith, b. Dec, 1859; d. Dec, 1863. 

51. iv. Alice Cone, b. Dec. 14, 1869; m. Feb. 5, 1896, Arthur C. 

Wyer [b. July 9, 1871]. One daughter, Alice Brooks Wyer, 
b. July 27, 1898. 










History of New Ipswich 

31. Jonas Cutler'^ (Ebenezer®, Ebenezer^, Solomon*, Dan- 
iel, Daniel-, Richard^), b. Jan. 9, 1806; m. 1828, Evelina B. 
Allen of Boston. Soon after the death of his father he went 
to Dover, N. H., and there learned the machinist's trade, 
which he followed through his life with excellent success, 
meeting the demands of the passing years with new imple- 
ments and methods of manufacture. He lived for many years 
in South Adams, Mass. Children : 

52. i. Evelina B., b. Feb. 8, 1829; m. June 25, 1848, B. T. Sanders 

of Pittsfield, Mass. Eight children. 
Jonas A., b. Nov. 24, 1831.+ 
Jane E., b. Nov. 24, 1831; m. May 18, 1854, David Leach of 

Manchester, England. One son. 
Fred VV., b. Aug. 25, 1833.+ 
Eliza M., b. June 1, 1835; m. Nov. 24, 1858, Chad. Field of 

Chester, Mass. Three daughters. 

57. vi. Orcelia H., b. Aug. 9, 1837; m. Feb. 25, 1863, Leroy Perkins 

of Burlington, Vt. 

58. vii. Lewis C, b. Dec. 2, 1839.+ 

59. viii. Sarah A., b. Feb. 22, 1843; m. July 9, 1864, George W. 

Dodge of Pittsfield, Mass. One daughter. 

60. ix. Augustus, b. about 1847; d. about Aug. 5, 1864. He served 

in the Civil War, was wounded at Spottsylvania, and had 
not recovered when in a succeeding engagement he was 
wounded and taken prisoner. He died in a hospital at 
Petersburg, Va. 

61. X. Augusta, b. about 1847; d. young. 

62. xi. Armenia. 

32. Ebenezer^ (Ebenezer'', Ebenezer^, Solomon*, DanieP, 
DanieP, Richard^, b. Mar. 4, 1808; m. June 17, 1829, Sarah 
Nickles [b. Billerica, Mass., Mar. 10, 1811]. He was a ma- 
chinist, and for about twenty years was engaged in that 
industry at Lowell, Mass. In 1840 he became a farmer at 
Carlisle, Mass., which town he served as selectman and in 
other official positions. Children : 

63. i. Sarah Elizabeth, b. Aug. 21, 1831 ; m. Apr. 23, 1853, Tim- 

othy Adams of Carlisle. Four children. 

64. ii. Mary M. G., b. Apr. 19, 1833; m. Dec. 9, 1853, A. G. Munroe 

of Marlow, N. Y. Three children. 

65. iii. Ebenezer Nichols, b. May 3, 1834; d. May 23, 1835. 

66. iv. John Holland, b. Nov. 8, 1836.-|- 

67. V. Clarissa E., b. Feb. 18, 1838; m. Feb. 7, 1859, Marshall M. 

Mason of Concord, Mass. One son. 

68. vi. George Henry, b. July 5, 1841 ; d. May 16, 1842. 

69. vii. Charles Frederick, b. June 2, 1844; d. Mar. 16, 1848. 

70. viii. Frances Ellen, b. June 11, 1846; d. Sept. 14, 1846. 

71. ix. Lewis Edwin, b. Oct. 15, 1849. 



34. Julius Beresford^ (Ebenezer^, Ebenezer^ Solomon*, 
DanieP, DanieP, Richard^), b. Feb. 12, 1811; m. (1) Sept. 
10. 1833, Sarah P. Bradford [b. Duxbury, Mass., June 13, 
1813; d. Jan. 16, 1850]; (2) Content Almy. He also was a 
machinist, commencing to learn the trade as an apprentice 
with his brother Jonas, and spent most of his life in railroad 
service, as master mechanic on the Fall River & Boston rail- 
road until 1855, and afterward on the Chicago & Rock Island 
railroad. During the first of these engagements he lived at 
Fall River, where he was elected alderman. Children : 

72. i. Julius Jackson, b. June 30, 1836; d. July 11, 1836. 

7i. ii. Oscar Bradford, b. Maj'- 30, 1837. + 

74. iii. Helen Marion, b. Dec. 30, 1838; d. July 15, 1839. 

75. iv. Edgar Lewis, b. Dec. 30, 1838; d. Nov. 19, 1864. 

76. V. Ruth Anna, b. Sept. 23, 1852; d. Mar. 30, 1864. 

77. vi. Julius Beresford, b. Feb. 2, 1855; d. Nov. 4, 1861. 

78. vii. Abby Parker, b. Feb. 7, 1857; d. Feb. 16, 1864. 

79. viii. Mary A. Livermore, b. Apr. 3, 1859. 

80. ix. Lizzie Preston, b. Oct. 26, 1862; d. Aug. 31, 1863. 

81. X. Frank Preston, b. Dec. 29, 1864. 

35. Samuel Parker'^ (Ebenezer*', Ebenezer^, Solomon*, 
DanieP, DanieP, Richard^), b. Oct. 24, 1813; d. Sept. 22, 1866; 
m. Oct. 10, 1837, Susan, dau, of Oliver Adams of Worcester, 
Mass. [b. July 28, 1814]. He learned the watch and jewelry 
business when a young man and conducted it at Grafton, 
Worcester, and Somerville, Mass., in succession. Children : 

82. i. Preston Adams, b. Feb. 23, 1841; d. Aug. 11, 1864. He 

served in the Civil War, after a short term in the Rifle 
Battalion re-enlisting in the 25th Mass. Regiment, in which 
he was a sergeant. He was taken prisoner and confmed 
at Belle Isle, Americus, and Andersonville, in which last 
prison he perished of starvation. 

83. ii. Samuel Goodrich, b. Jan. 8, 1843; d. Oct. 19, 1864. He also 

was a soldier in the 25th Mass. Regiment, served his full 
time, but contracted yellow fever and died in quarantine 
before reaching his home. 

84. iii. Susan Mehitable, b. Dec. 16, 1846; m. M. Goodrich of 

Fitchburg, Mass. 

85. iv. Eben Fremont, b. Sept. 7, 1850. 

38. Lewis Clark^ (Ebenezer^ Ebenezer% Solomon*, Dan- 
iel, Daniel-, Richard^, b. May 19, 1819; m. Apr. 18, 1846, 
Mary E. Ball [b. Holden, Mass., Apr. 15, 1824]. He learned 
the watchmaker and jewelry trade of his brother Samuel, and 
followed that occupation at Troy, N. Y., during most of his 
life, although he was at Boston for a few years about 1860, 


History of New Ipswich 

and entered upon the manufacture of daguerreotypes for a 
brief period in the earliest days of that industry. Children : 

86. i. Mary Adella, b. Mar. 9, 1847. 

87. ii. Elizabeth Ella, b. July 4, 1849. 

88. iii. Julius W., b. Jan. 4, 1851 ; d. Jan. 5, 1855. 

89. iv. Emma, b. Feb. 27, 1853. 

90. V. Frances J., b. Jan. 8, 1856. 

91. vi. Richard L., b. June 19, 1859; d. June 19, 1859. 

92. vii. Harvey Young, b. Apr. 20, 1860; d. June 22, 1860. 

45. Edwin Graves® (George M.'', Benjamin*', Ebenezer^, 
Solomon*, DanieP, DanieP, Richard^), b. Aug. 24, 1842; m- 
July 21, 1880, Martha Ann (Wilson) Capron. Children: 

93. i. Margaret, b. Aug., 1882. 

94. ii. George, b. Oct., 1884. 

53. Jonas A.® (Jonas^, Ebenezer^, Ebenezer^, Solomon*, 
DanieP, DanieP, Richard^), b. Leominster, Mass., Nov. 24, 
1831; m. Jan., 1851, Koralia E. Haskel of Montague, Mass. 
He served in the Civil War, being a captain in the 21st Mass. 
Regiment, with which he served through its entire campaign, 
and returned with the rank of major. He was in nearly every 
battle between Richmond and Petersburg, and was once 
wounded. Soon after his return home he was elected to rep- 
resent the town of Adams, Mass., in the Legislature. Chil- 
dren : 

95. i. Jane E., b. Lee, Mass., Nov. 22, 1860. 

96. ii. Jonas A., b. South Adams, Mass., Oct. 8, 1862. 

55. Fred W.® (Jonas C.^ Ebenezer^ Ebenezer% Solomon*, 
DanieP, DanieP, Richard^), b. Hancock, Mass., Aug. 25, 1833; 
m. Nov. 3, 1859, Almira J. Hayle of Tolborton, Ga. He was 
in Georgia in 1860, and voted the Bell and Everett ticket. At 
the beginning of the war he was forced to leave the state and 
narrowly escaped with his life. He engaged in gunboat ser- 
vice as a chief engineer, and had a part in the capture of New 
Orleans by Gen. Butler. Later he served as a lieutenant. 
Children : 

97. i. Harriet B., b. Columbus, Ga., Nov. 17, 1860. 

98. ii. Mary L. A., b. South Adams, Mass., Aug. 30, 1865. 

58. Lewis C.® (Jonas C.^ Ebenezer*', Ebenezer^ Solomon*, 
DanieP, DanieP, Richard^), b. Hancock, Mass., Dec. 2, 1839; 
d. City Point, Va., June 20, 1864; m. Oct. 2, 1862, Kate A. 
Lyons of Constable, N. Y. He served in the Civil War as a 
corporal in the 12th Mass. Regiment, and after passing safely 



through eight battles and numerous skirmishes was fatally 
wounded at Petersburg, Va. Child : 

99. i. Lewis H., b. South Adams, Mass., July 20, 1863; d. Sept. 30, 

66. John Holland® (Ebenezer^, Ebenezer**, Ebenezer^, 
Solomon*, DanieP, DanieP, Richard^), b. Lowell, Mass., Nov. 
8, 1836; m. 1857, Elizabeth R. Heald of Carlisle, Mass. He 
enlisted in the Andrew Sharpshooters and served for two 
years in the Civil War, having part in the battles at South 
Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg. He 
was honorably discharged on account of disease. Children : 

100. i. Adriana Elizabeth, b. Feb. 11, 1858. 

101. ii. Anna Belle, b. Sept. 17, 1860. 

7Z. Oscar Bradford® (Julius B.^, Ebenezer®, Ebenezer^, 
Solomon*, DanieP, DanieP, RichardS) b. Black Rock, N. Y., 
May 30, 1837; m. Aug. 23, 1863, Julia Cushman of Duxbury, 
Mass. He volunteered at the time of the first call for soldiers 
in the Civil War and served for two years in the 20th Illinois 
Regiment, his service being terminated by a severe wound re- 
ceived at Pittsburg Landing, necessitating his discharge. 

102. i. Sarah Cushman, b. Mar. 4, 1865. 


This name has been represented in New Ipswich by descendants 
from at least two emigrant ancestors, not known to be fellow-kinsmen, 
William of Roxbury, Mass., and Roger of Concord, Mass., whose families 
will be presented separately. 

CHANDLER (Roger). 

Roger^ Chandler, b. about 1637; d. Concord, Mass., Jan. 11, 1716/7; 
m. Apr. 25, 1671, Mary Simonds, probably dau. of William and Judith 
(Phippen) Simonds [b. Woburn, Mass., Dec. 9, 1647; d. Concord, Aug. 
29, 1728]. It is believed that he was the son of Roger Chandler of Dux- 
bury, Mass., who m. at Leyden, Holland, July 27, 1615, Isabella, dau. of 
James Chilton of the Mayflower, but this is not absolutely proven. He 
came from Plymouth Colony to Concord in 1658, and resided there until 
his death. He was a builder and general mechanic, and a house built by 
him for Dolor Davis, ancestor of the Concord Davis family, was de- 
stroyed by fire only a few years ago. 

Samuel^ (Roger'), b. Mar. 5, 1673/4; d. Apr. 27, 1743; m. Dec. 11, 
1695, Dorcas, dau. of Joseph and Elizabeth (Jones) Buss of Concord 
[b. Jan. 26, 1672; d. Jan. 13, 1757]. He succeeded to his father's farm, 
and was a prominent citizen of Concord, being town treasurer, selectman 


History of New Ipswich 

and representative, each for several years, and was largely interested in 
the founding of Lunenburg, Grafton, and Templeton. 

James' (Samuel', Roger'), b. Aug. 28. 1714; d. Dec. 8, 1792; m. (1) 
1737, Mary, dau. of Joseph and Elizabeth Wright of Concord [b. Apr. 
9, 1720; d. May 4, 1746]; (2) July 2, 1747, Mary, dau. of Joseph and 
Mary (Tompkins) Flagg of Concord [b. Jan. 21, 1716/17; d. May 22, 
1753] ; (3) Apr. 14, 1756, Mary, probably dau. of David and Mercy 
(Hunt) Whittaker of Concord [b. May 16, 1716; d. Dec. 2, 1791]. He 
succeeded to the ancestral farm. He was selectman for several years, 
and despite his advanced years served in the Revolutionary force. He 
was also a member of the Committee of Correspondence. 

1. James* (James% SamueP, Roger^), b. Dec. 24, 1740; d. 
May 10, 1824; m. (1) Jan. 1, 1765, Mary Melvin (4) ; (2) about 
1808, Deliverance (Blanchard), widow of Col. Thomas Heald. 
He came to New Ipswich at about the age of twenty-one, 
and settled upon Page Hill, (XIII: 2, N. L. O.,) where he 
lived more than forty years, removing after his second mar- 
riage to the home of his wife. He was a useful and respected 
citizen, being deacon, selectman, and a member of the Com- 
mittee of Correspondence, Inspection and Safety. Children : 

2. i. Samuel, b. Mar. 23, 1767; d. 1799, at Norwich, Conn., whither 

he had removed soon after reaching his majority. Unm. 

3. ii. James, b. Jan. 7, 1769.-|- 

4. iii. Roger, b. Aug. 7, 1770. -|- 

5. iv. Mary, b. May 19, 1772; d. 1811; m. Thomas Kenworthy. 

Res. in Mason. Child : i. Thomas Chandler Kenworthy, 
b. Dec. 21, 1810; d. Wheatland, Mich., 1861. He graduated 
from Illinois College in 1840, and became a preacher and 

6. v. John, b. May 14, \774.-\- 

7. vi. Sally, b. Sept. 7, 1776; d. Sept. 15, 1844; m. May 14, 1795, 

Ephraim Fairbank (1). 

8. vii. Rebecca, b. July 3, 1779; d. July 2, 1870; m. May 2, 1804, 

Stilman Gibson (1). 

9. viii. Lydia, b. Nov. 15, 1781; d. Feb. 5, 1844; m. Benjamin Safford 


10. ix. Daniel, b. Jan. 2, 1784.+ 

11. X. Hannah, b. Mar. 24, 1789; d. Apr. 16, 1807. She was a 

devoted Christian, an unusual fact in those days for one 
so young. 

3. James^ (James*, James^, SamueP, Roger^), b. Jan. 7, 
1769; d. Gibson, Pa., Mar. 30, 1839; m. Lebanon, Conn., Jan. 
1, 1799, Huldah Payne [b. Oct. 17, 1774; d. Jan. 30, 1830]. He 
removed to Connecticut in early manhood, and was a clothier 
in the towns of Lebanon and Columbia for several years. He 
then removed to that part of Susquehanna County, Pa., 


Chandler (Roger) 

known as Kentuckyville, near the present town of Gibson, 
where he took up wild land and passed the last thirty years 
of his life as a farmer. Children : 

12. i. Ch.arles, b. Sept. 24. 1799.+ 

13. ii. Harriet, b. Mar. 3, 1801; d. July 14, 1865; m. Mar. 10, 1846, 

Zachariah S. Neely, a farmer at Dallas, Pa., where she died. 

14. iii. Mary Melvin, b. Nov. 10, 1802; d. Oct. 31, 1886; m. (1) Jan. 

1, 1823, Charles Edwards [b. Nov. 19, 1797; d. May 8, 
1852]; (2) 1854, John Wesley Carpenter [d. 1869]. Nine 
children of first marriage. 

15. iv. Stephen Payne, b. June 12, 1804.+ 

16. V. HuLDAH, b. Apr. 23, 1806; m. Oct. 25, 1841, Amasa Lewis 


17. vi. James, b. Apr. 28, 1808; d. Jan. 25, 1810. 

18. vii. James, b. May 9, 1810.+ 

19. viii. Martha, b. Mar., 1812; d. Mar., 1812. 

20. ix. Joshua Tracy, b. Sept. 9, 1813; d. Feb. 7, 1814. 

21. X. Sarah Adelia, b. July 30, 1815 ; d. Berwick, Pa., about 1891 ; 

m. Oct. 14, 1833, Dr. Clark Dickerman [d. Harford, Pa., 
about 1853]. 

4. RoGER^ (James*, James^, Samuel-, Roger^), b. Aug. 7, 
1770; d. New Ipswich, Dec. 24, 1845; m. Lydia, dau. of 
Thomas and Lydia (IrJunt) Marshall of Chelmsford, Mass. [b. 
Dec. 19, 1774; d. Shirley, Mass., July 10, 1868]. He passed 
most of his life in his native town, although in early man- 
hood he was a contractor in the construction of the Middle- 
sex Canal from the present site of I^owell through Billerica 
and onwards. Afterward he bought a part of his father's 
farm and built the house long occupied by his descendants, 
and now owned by Herbert W. Chandler (122). He did not, 
however, devote a large part of his time to the farm, but was 
interested in the first cotton factory of the town, and later in 
similar undertaking at Ashburnham, Mass. He was asso- 
ciated with Charles Barrett in the store at the foot of Meeting- 
house Hill, and for a few years carried on a store under the 
same ownership at Keene. Children : 

22. i. James, b. May 16, 1796.+ 

23. ii. Thomas Marshall, b. Aug. 15, 1798.+ 

24. iii. John, b. Nov. 25, 1800; d. May 9, 1853. He was a machinist 

at Waltham and Lowell, Mass., until about 1839, when he 
had a paralytic shock, and afterward lived with his mother 
and brother Daniel Lyman in Shirley, Mass., where he died. 

25. iv. Lydia Maria, b. Dec. 2, 1806; d. Sept. 16, 1826, unm. 

26. v. Seth, b. Dec. 2, 1806; d. Oct. 4, 1889; m. Aug. 19. 1831, 

Arvilla Tenney (13). He was a machinist at Waltham 
and Lowell in early life, but entered the Universalist 


History of New Ipswich 

ministry in 1831, and after a short pastorate at Oxford, 
Mass., became pastor of the Unitarian church at Shirley, 
Mass., which was his home until his death fifty-five years 
later, although his active pastorate closed ten years earlier. 
He was for twenty-five years a member of the school board, 
and was also town treasurer and historian of his adopted 

27. vi. George, b. May 14, 1810; d. Apr. 6, 1891; m. (1) Dec. 9, 

1835, Clarissa Elizabeth Wright [b. about 1812; d. Nov. 
27, 1851]; (2) Apr. 20, 1852, Susan (Treadwell) Barrett 
[b. about 1812; d. Aug. 11, 1886]. He left New Ipswich 
at the age of sixteen, and learned at Lowell, Mass., the 
mason's trade, which industry he followed some years. 
In 1840 he became a farmer in Shirley, Mass., where he 
lived during twenty years. The later part of his life was 
passed in East Acton, Mass. 

28. vii. Charles, b. May 14, 1810.-f- 

29. viii. Daniel Lyman, b. June 13, 1814; d. May 5, 1892, unm. The 

early years of his manhood were spent on the family farm 
in New Ipswich ; after this he became a successful farmer 
and fruit-raiser in Shirley, Mass., which town he repre- 
sented in the Legislature and where he was selectman. In 
1854 he removed to Chicago, 111., and thence two years later 
to Kansas, then in the most disturbed years of its history 
and its strife with the "border ruffians." On the outbreak 
of the Civil War he at once entered service, despite his 
age, and passed four years as hospital steward, at first 
of the 10th Kansas Regiment, and later of the 3d Cherokee 
Regiment, in which on account of the lack of surgeons he 
necessarily assumed their duties, and on his return to 
Kansas he continued his medical practice thus acquired 
until the closing years of his life. He was mayor of 
Ogden, Kan., for a long time, and was also a member of 
the Kansas Legislature. 

30. ix. Abigail Ann, b. Aug. 15, 1817 ; d. Oct. 9, 1825. 

31. X. Henry Pulaski, b. June 18, 1821.-]- 

6. JoHN^ (James*, James^, SamueP, Roger^), b. May 13, 
1774; d. Nov. 9, 1858; m. (1) Oct. 16, 1802, Betsey, dau. of 
Oliver and Elizabeth (Shed) Richardson of Billerica, IVIass. 
[b. Feb. 3, 1780; d. Nov. 17, 1805] ; (2) Apr. 10, 1814, Anna, 
dau. of Jeremiah and Anna (Chapman) Kittredge of Tewks- 
bury [b. Apr. 22, 1794; d. Nov. 14, 1874]. In early manhood 
he removed to Tewksbury, Mass., and there passed his life as 
a farmer. Children : 

32. i. John, b. Sept. 1, 1803; d. Mar. 17, 1836. 

33. ii. Betsey Richardson, b. May 17, 1815; d. Feb. 5, 1888; m. 

June 10, 1840, Moses C. Lang [b. Aug. 15, 1816; d. Mar. 
3, 1877]. He lived in New Ipswich from 1855 to 1860, be- 
ing associated with George C. Gibson in conducting the 


Chandler (Roger) 

lumber mills at Gibson Village. Later during the Civil War 
he was a dealer in naval stores at South Boston, Mass. 
His widow left some very considerable bequests to various 
missionary and benevolent purposes. One son d. young. 

34. iii. Pamelia Kittredge, b. Nov. 11, 1816; d. May 11, 1890; m. 

Oct. 3, 1837, John C. Jacques. He was also a dealer in 
naval stores of the same firm as his brother-in-law. Six 

35. iv. James Melvin, b. Nov. 14, 1818.+ 

36. V. Hannah Jane, b. Nov. 7, 1820; d. Feb. 4, 1903; m. Nov. 13, 

1845, Darkin Trull [b. Apr. 30, 1819; d. Feb. 14, 1903]. He 
was a "gentleman farmer" of Tewksbury. One daughter. 
Zl . vi. Jeremiah, b. Oct. 2, 1822.+ 

38. vii. Joseph, b. Oct. 29, 1824; d. Nov. 5, 1824. 

39. viii. Maria Frances, b. Mar. 5, 1826; d. Apr. 3, 1905; m. Sept. 

22, 1847, Hiram A. Stevens [b. Oct. 18, 1823; d. Jan. 10, 
1888]. He was also a member of the same firm with his 
brothers-in-law, dealers in naval stores. He was an alder- 
man of Boston, and also served in the Legislature, both 
as representative and as senator. Seven children. 

40. ix. Susan Rogers, b. Apr. 24, 1828; m. Mar. 4, 1852, John T. 

Foster [b. Mar. 20, 1827; d. Oct. 14, 1881]. He was a 
farmer in Tewksbury. Five children. 

41. X. M.-^RTHA Ann, b. May 26, 1830; m. Oct. 18, 1849, Daniel A. 

Gregory [b. May 22, 1826; d. July 28, 1901]. He was a 
successful merchant in Boston. Two children. 

42. xi. Jefferson, b. Aug., 1832; d. Oct. 3, 1832. 

43. xii. John, b. May, 1836; d. July 14, 1837. 

10. Daniel^^ (James*, James^, SamueP, Roger^), b. Jan. 2, 
1784; d. Nov. 2, 1846; m. Jan. 11, 1811, Asenath Wheeler {7Z). 
Immediately after his marriage he removed to Waldoboro, 
]V[e., where he had a paper mill, and where he served as cap- 
tain in the War of 1812. He removed to eastern Pennsylvania 
about 1814, and thence in a few years to New York. During 
most of his remaining life he resided in different parts of that 
state, although he passed three years in Ohio, and died near 
Fort Wayne, Ind., whither he had gone and entered upon 
wild land. His industries were varied, including paper mak- 
ing, lumbering, and farming, and at the time of his death he 
was engaged in teaching. His changes of residence were 
frequent, as is shown by the birthplaces of his children. Chil- 

44. i. Isaac Monroe, b. Waldoboro, Me., Oct. 12, 1811; d. Hinsdale, 

N. Y., Jan. 11, 1831. 
45 ii Asenath Maria, b. New Ipswich, Mar. 26, 1813; d. Elling- 
ton, N. Y., Jan. 29, 1908; m. Apr. 19, 1835, Adnah B. 
Kinsman [b. May 9, 1805; d. Feb. 13, 1892]. He was a 
farmer at Ellington, N. Y. Eight children. 


History of New Ipswich 

46. iii. Emily Monroe, b. Harford, Pa., May 7, 1815; d. Tyrone, 

N. Y., Sept. 17, 1840; m. Thomas P. Paulding. One son 
d. young. 

47. iv. Seth Wheeler, b. Tunkhannock, Pa., June 1, 1817.+ 

48. V. Harriet Huldah, b. Wayne, N. Y., Sept. 2, 1819; d. Olean, 

N. Y., Nov. 23. 1820. 

49. vi. Eliza Butman, b. Olean, N. Y., Sept. 22, 1821; d. Great 

Valley, N. Y., July 1, 1824. 

50. vii. James Moses, b. Great Valley, N. Y., May 30, 1824.+ 

51. viii. David Silas, b. Olean, N. Y., June 1, 1826; d. Howard 

Springs, Tenn., 1896; m. Ellington, N. Y., Apr. 11, 1861, 
Julia M. Slater [b. Nov. 18, 1829; d. Feb. 9, 1872]. He 
was a public school teacher in New York, Canada, and 
Tennessee, commencing at the age of fourteen, and striv- 
ing to keep pace with changing methods by taking a course 
of normal study in Antioch College when sixty years of 
age. He was also a printer in Buffalo, N. Y., for several 
years, and a fruit-raiser in Pomona, Tenn., for some time. 
During the last years of his life he was blind. 

52. ix. Daniel Henry, b." Hinsdale, N. Y., Mar. 25, 1829.+ 

53. X. Mary Elizabeth, b. Hinsdale, N. Y., May 14, 1830; d. Hins- 

dale, Oct. 5, 1830. 

12. Charles'' (James^, James*, James^, SamueP, Roger^), 
b. Columbia, Ct., Sept. 24, 1799; d. Apr. 23, 1840; m. Nov. 8, 
1832, Eveline Trowbridge of Great Bend, Pa. He was a 
farmer and prominent citizen of Lenox, Pa. He was sheriff 
of the county, and at the time of his death was at Harrisburg 
as a member of the Legislature. Children : 

54. i. Mary Asenath, b. Mar. 9, 1834; m. 1856, John Carlisle. 

55. ii. James Augustus, b. Jan. 27, 1837. + 

15. Stephen Payne*' (James^ James*, James^ SamueP, 
Roger^), b. Columbia, Ct., June 12, 1804; d. Oct., 1885; m. (1) 
Nov. 30, 1834, Sarah Caroline Packer [d. about 1867] ; (2) 
about 1870, Mrs. Mary Stevens. He was a farmer in the 
town of Gibson, Pa., and postmaster at Kentuckyville post- 
office in that town, where he was a leading citizen, holding 
various local offices. For a time he lived in the neighboring 
town of Nicholson. Children : 

56. i. Eveline H., b. 1835; m. Horace E. Bennett, a bookseller in 

West Pittson, Pa. Four children. 

57. ii. James Adelbert, b. 1837.-f- 

58. iii. Jane, b. about 1839; d. about 1849. 

59. iv. Ellen, b. about 1841 ; m. George Conrad, a farmer at Lenox- 

ville, Pa. Four children. 

60. V. Frances, b. about 1843. Res. Scranton, Pa. 

61. vi. Henrietta, b. about 1847; m. George Harding, a farmer at 

Lenoxville, Pa. 


Chandler (Roger) 

18. James^ (James^ James*, James^ SamueP, Rog-er^). b. 
Lebanon, Ct., May 9, 1810; d. Oct. 3, 1872; m. Nov. 23, 1834, 
Lucy Lane Carpenter [b. Attleboro, Mass., May 14, 1811]. 
He was a preacher in his early years of maturity, but after- 
ward succeeded to his father's farm and was a leading citizen 
of the town. Children : 

62. i. Lucy Adelia, b. July 13, 1836; d. Nov. 6, 1856, unm. 

63. ii. HuLDAH Caroline, b. Nov. 1, 1837; m. June 22, 1869, Wil- 

liam Henry Davoll, who is a farmer on the farm of her 
father and grandfather. Four children. 

64. iii. Mary Eveline, b. Aug. 19, 1841 ; m. Oct., 1865, Charles O. 

Davoll, a farmer at Preston, Pa. Four children. 

65. iv. Harriet Abbie, b. Nov. 17, 1843; m. May 23, 1867, John S. 

Davoll, a farmer at Preston, Pa. Nine children. 
The husbands of the three sisters are brothers. 

22. James*^ (Roger^ James*, James^, SamueP, Roger^), b. 
May 16, 1796; d. Jan. 30, 1879; m. (1) Nancy, dau. of David 
and Nancy (Drake) White [b. Easton, Mass.. May 1, 1796; d. 
Mar. 27, 1853] ; (2) June 27, 1854, Abigail Rhoads (5). widow 
of James Newhall (19) ; (3) Nov. 2, 1872, Lucy Rhoads (4), 
widow of Luther W. Nichols. He learned the machinist's 
trade in New Ipswich, and on attaining his majority went to 
Waltham, Mass., and entered the service of a company with 
which he remained for more than twenty years, after 1823 at 
the new town started in that year by his employers which 
became the city of Lowell, by which town he was thrice 
elected representative. He returned to New Ipswich about 
1838 and conducted the farm previously owned by his father 
and grandfather for some years, but in 1850 he removed to 
Smithville, where the first house from the school-house on 
the north was his home until his death. He was selectman 
several years and representative three times. He was also 
president of the bank, and was largely occupied in the set- 
tlement of estates. These varied duties left no large amount 
of time free for mechanical labor, but he had a shop in which 
he attended to the repairing of guns and other articles need- 
ing the machinist's hand. His strict honesty and business 
reliability were proverbial. Children : 

66. i. Nancy, b. July 18, 1821; d. Nov. 27, 1911. She was a teacher 

for some time, but finally devoted her life to caring for 
the sick or otherwise needy kinsfolk, as conditions re- 

67. ii. James Lyman, b. Feb. 8, 1823.-f- 

68. iii. George Willard, b. July 29, 1825.+ 


History of New Ipswich 

69. iv. Lewis Edward, b. Mar. 28, 1830; d. Oct. 2, 1838. 

70. V. Marshall Warren, b. Dec. 15, 1831. + 

71. vi. Charles Henry, b. Oct. 25, 1840.+ 

23. Thomas Marshall*^ (Roger^, James*, James^, SamueP, 
Roger^), b. Aug. 15, 1798; d. Dec. 1, 1851; m. 1822, Anne 
Cooper [b. England about 1804; d. Aug. 16, 1851]. He was a 
machinist, working successively at Lowell, Mass., New Ips- 
wich, Somersworth, N. H., Watertown, Mass., and finally for 
many years in the U. S. Navy Yard at Charlestown, Alass. 
Children : 

72. i. Mary Jane, b. New Ipswich, June 4, 1826; d. Nov. 2, 1890; 

m. Nov. 13, 1854, George N. Fisher, a milk dealer at 
Charlestown. She was a public school teacher in Charles- 
town and Boston from early womanhood until her mar- 
7Z. ii. Sarah Maria, b. Watertown, Mass., Dec. 1, 1829. Begin- 
ning at the age of sixteen she was a teacher for forty-five 
years in the public schools of Charlestown and Boston, ex- 
cept during two years of service at an academy in Missis- 
sippi. After retiring she resided at Ayer and Worcester, 

74. iii. Lyman Marshall, b. Charlestown, Dec, 1846; d. Aug. 7, 


28. Charles'' (Roger^, James*, James^, SamueP, Roger^), 
b. May 14, 1810; d. Apr. 12, 1889; m. Nov. 16, 1834, Esther B. 
Plympton [b. June 25, 1814; d. Sept. 10, 1857]. He left New 
Ipswich with his brother George at the age of sixteen, and 
learned the trade of machinist at Lowell of his brother James, 
with whom he worked several years. About 1844 he removed 
to Shirley, Mass., and conducted a private express line be- 
tween that town and Boston, and after retiring from business 
he resided there until his death. Children : 

75. i. Francis Henry, b. Mar. 22, 1836; d. Feb. 20, 1910; m. Mar. 

9, 1860, Kate Carter of Shirley. He followed many lines 
of mercantile business, but for many years was a dealer in 
flour, grain, produce, and fruit in Nashua, where he died. 

76. ii. Elizabeth A., b. Jan. 20, 1838; d. Dec. 29, 1842. 

77. iii. Elizabeth A., b. June 4, 1844; m. Nov. 1, 1865, Herman S., 

son of Joseph and Ann (Longley) Hazen [b. Shirley, Aug. 
25, 1845]. He is a farmer in Shirley, and has held all the 
more important town offices, and has also served as rep- 
resentative. Child : Ethel Hazen, b. May 29, 1871 ; d. Apr. 
15, 1882. 

78. iv. Charles Plympton, b. Feb. 16, 1847; d. Sept. 25, 1865. At 

the age of seventeen he enlisted in the 26th Massachusetts 
Regiment and after a year's faithful service was discharged 


Chandler (Roger) 

with the regiment, only to die in a short time from dis- 
ease caused by the hardships of the service. 

31. Henry Pulaski'' (Rog-er^ James^ James^, SamueF, 
Rog-erM, b. June 18. 1821; d. July fl. 1891; m. Feb. 13, 1842. 
Charlotte Silver [b. Feb. 14, 1822; d. Feb. 9, 1906]. He 
learned the machinist's trade of his brother James at Lowell 
and worked there until about 1847, when he removed to the 
works just begun where is now the city of Lawrence and con- 
tinued there, except a brief residence at Shirley, Mass., about 
1857, until he retired from business with a comfortable com- 
petence due in no small part to his valuable inventions in the 
machinery used in cotton mills. He retired to East Acton, 
Mass., in 1882, and there passed his later years. Children: 

79. i. John Henry, b. Sept. 28, 1843.+ 

80. ii. Lydia Maria, b. June 20, 1845; m. Feb. 3, 1874, Stillman P., 

son of Jonas and Eliza (Atherton) Holden of Shirley, 
Mass. [b. Nov. 10, 1840]. He was a farmer and carpenter. 
Res. at Shirley and Waltham, Mass. Children : i. Leon 
Chandler Holden. b. Nov. 23, 1874. ii. Cora Leslie Holden, 
b. Oct. 22, 1879; m. Oct. 17, 1907, E. Thomas Charles. 

81. iii. Joseph Shirley, b. Dec. 28, 1846; d. Mar. 20, 1847. 

82. iv. Charlotte Abby, b. Jan. 30, 1848; d. Nov. 30, 1859. 

83. V. Susan Ogden, b. Apr. 21, 1859. A successful teacher. 

84. vi. Jesse L., b. Oct. 14, 1863.-f 

35. James Melvin^ (John^, James*, James^ SamueP, 
Roger^), b. Tewksbury, Mass., Nov. 14, 1818; d. Dec. 4, 1888; 
m. Oct. 1, 1843, Susan J., dau. of Elijah and Susan (Simonds) 
Harris of South Boston. Mass. [b. May 3. 1829; d. Sept. 29, 
1903]. He was a member of the firm of dealers in naval stores 
in which his brothers-in-law were engaged, and after his with- 
drawal from it about 1855, he returned to his native town, 
and for the rest of his life held an honored place there. 
Children : 

85. i. John Henry, b. Aug. 26, 1845.+ 

86. ii. Susan Anna, b. Aug. 25, 1847; d. Dec. 8, 1906; m. Nov. 19, 

1869, Samuel L. Babcock, a fish dealer in Keene until 1888, 
and afterward in railroad employ at Tewksbury. One son. 

87. iii. Josephine Maria, b. Aug. 27, 1849; m. Nov. 29, 1876, Albert 

S. Briggs, a general mechanic in Lowell. Res. in Tewks- 
bury. Six children. 

88. iv. Mary Frances, b. Nov. 28, 1851; d. June 15, 1902; m. (1) 

Aug. 3, 1871, Elverton A. Davis, a carpenter; (2) Apr. IS, 
1885, Charles H. Tucker, a farmer. Three children of first 


History of New Ipswich 

89. V. Hannah Jane, b. Mar. 2, 1854. Res. on home farm with her 


90. vi. James Melvin, b. Feb. 3, 1856; m. (1) July 30, 1884, Isabella, 

dau. of Alexander Dewar of Nova Scotia [d. Jan. 3, 1887] : 
(2) June 6, 1888, Ida C, dau. of John and Princess Ann 
(Rawlings) Lane of Lowell, Mass. 

91. vii. Hiram Stevens, b. June 12, 1857.+ 

92. viii. Pamelia Kittredge, b. Aug. 12, 1859; d. Aug. 31, 1859. 

93. ix. Isabella Lang, b. Sept. 28, 1860; d. July 22, 1887; m. Nov. 

25, 1880, George E. Marshall, a farmer in Tewksbury. 
Three children. 

94. X. Jeremiah Kittredge, b. Sept. 30, 1863.+ 

95. xi. William Abbott, b. May 9, 1868. He is a farmer on the 

home farm with his sister Hannah Jane. 

37. Jeremiah® (John^, James*, James^, Samuel-, Roger^), 
b. Oct. 2, 1822; d. June 27, 1876; m. Jan. 1, 1849, Anne Cor- 
nelia Gibson (10). He was a farmer, and succeeded to his 
father's farm in Tewksbury, but in his later years he became 
insane. His widow m. (2) July 20, 1882, her brother-in-law, 
Washington Shepley of Canton, 111. 'Children: 

96. i. John Stillman, b. Jan. 8, 1851; unm. He was a farmer at 

Canton, 111., for some years, and afterward returned to 

97. ii. Jeremiah Kittredge, b. Aug. 7, 1854.+ 

98. iii. George Washington, b. Mar. 29, 1860; m. Nov. 9, 1888, Kate 

F., dau. of John and Sarah (Dunlap) Allen [b. May 21, 
1857]. He fitted for college at New Ipswich Appleton 
Academy and graduated from Tufts College with degree 
C. E. in 1880. He has been employed upon several railroads 
in the United States and Mexico, upon national river im- 
provements, and in later years has been city engineer of 
Canton, 111. 

99. iv. Charles Henry, b. June 26, 1863; m. Nov. 3, 1897, Alice A., 

dau. of Charles W. and Emma (Young) Dodge [b. Brook- 
field, Mo., July 20, 1870]. 

47. Seth Wheeler® (Daniel^, James*, James^, SamueP, 
Rogers, b. June 1, 1817; d. Mar. 20, 1871; m. Mar. 11, 1838, 
Mary Maria Bush [b. Benton, N. Y., July 11, 1820; d. Oct. 4, 
1871 ] . He passed his life after arriving at maturity in Ellington, 
N. Y., and the neighboring town of Kennedy, to which he 
removed in middle life after the birth of his children. In each 
of these towns he was the owner of a gristmill. He was a 
justice. Children: 

100. i. Josephine, b. Jan. 8, 1841; d. Kennedy, N. Y., Mar. 24, 1869; 
m. Nov. 1, 1865, John M. Mills [b. about 1838; d. Vineland, 
N. J., Nov. IS, 1866]. 


Chandler (Roger) 

101. ii. Emily, b. May 19, 1843; d. Jan. 25, 1868. 

102. iii. George, b. May 3, 1845 ; d. May 16, 1845. 

103. iv. Mary A., b. Aug. 2, 1847 ; d. Dec. 18, 1867. 

104. V. Myra E., b. Feb. 18, 1850; m. Nov. 28, 1881, Nathan A. Reed, 

a merchant's clerk at Austin, Minn. 

50. James Moses^ (DanieP, James*, James^, SamueP, 
Roger^), b. May 30, 1824; d. Jan. 7, 1861; m. Perrydale, Ore., 
May 20, 1863, Nancy Ann (Wilson) Sargeant [b. Piqua, O., 
July 8, 1827; d. July 5, 1890]. He studied at Otterbein Col- 
lege, but did not complete a full course. In 1854 he joined a 
colony formed to settle in Oregon, whither they journeyed 
with ox-teams, being nearly six months on the way. He took 
up a half-section of land and became a farmer, but taught 
during the winters until nearly the end of his life. He married 
a widow with several children and a farm which with his 
own amounted to nearly 1000 acres and seemed a comfortable 
barony for their children. Children : 

105. i. Charles Henry, b. Apr. 8, 1864.+ 

106. ii. Albert Bennett, b. Nov. 27, 1865; m. Dec. 25, 1889, Cora 

Bell Graves. He is a farmer, having land in Perrydale and 
the adjoining town of Ballston. He has several children. 

107. iii. Emma Maria, b. Nov. 14, 1868; m. Sept. 6, 1885, William B. 

Davis [b. Cute, Tenn., 1865]. A farmer and livery stabler 
in Perrydale, Ore., and afterward a hardware merchant in 
Dallas, Ore. 

52. Daniel Henry*^ (DanieP, James*, James^, SamueP, 
Roger^), b. Mar. 25, 1829; d. Knoxville, Tenn., Oct. 25, 1908; 
m. (1) July 3, 1849, Ruth A., dau. of John and Naomi 
(Thompson) Felt [b. Ellington, N. Y., Nov. 19, 1829; d. 
Xenia, O., June 5, 1886] ; (2) Dec. 29, 1887, Polly Calista, dau. 
of David and Polly (Hall) Gates [b. Oct. 2, 1822; d. Nov. 9, 
1891]; (3) Nov. 24, 1892, Mrs. Sarah A. (Shaw) Hatch [b. 
July 17, 1829; d. May 13, 1896]. He was a blacksmith in New 
York and Indiana until the Civil War, when he enlisted as 
artificer in the 5th Indiana Battery, and served more than 
three years, but w^s brevetted lieutenant at the battle of 
Chickamauga and afterward received his commission. He 
was afterward a wagon maker in Indiana, a farmer in Penn- 
sylvania for several years, and later a travelling salesman in 
Tennessee. After a brief experience as market gardener in 
Xenia, O., he returned to his early home in Ellington, N. Y., 
and to miscellaneous mechanical activities. While a citizen 
of Indiana he was a justice. Children: 


History of New Ipswich 

108. i. Martha Jeannette, b. Ellington, N. Y., June 7, 1850; m. 

Feb. 20, 1884, Herman Compton, a farmer at McLane and 
McKean, Pa. Four children. 

109. ii. AsENATH Maria, b. Ellington, N. Y., Dec. 28, 1851; d. Etna, 

Ind., Aug. 1, 1865. 

110. iii. Charles Wheeler, b. Rutledge, N. Y., Apr. 28, 1853; d. 

Xenia, O., May 28, 1903; m. June 5, 1895, Susan, dau. of 
Rev. Hiram and Mary Jane (Oliphant) Bulkeley [b. May 
13, 1853]. He taught for several years in Pennsylvania, 
Tennessee and Ohio, was a travelling salesman for a time, 
a dealer in coal and building supplies at Xenia, O., 1887-99, 
and w^as engaged in life insurance afterward until his death. 

111. iv. Mary Wheeler, b. Rutledge, N. Y., May 19, 1855; d. Jan. 10, 


112. V. George Prentiss, b. Albion, Ind., Mar. 26, 1857.+ 

113. vi. Laura Emily, b. Etna, Ind., Mar. 13, 1861; d. McLane, Pa., 

Nov. 27, 1880. She was a teacher. 

114. vii. Anna Simonson, b. Etna, Ind., Sept. 16, 1866. Res. with her 

brother Seth Virgil in Knoxville, Tenn. 

115. viii. William Henry, b. Etna, Ind., Feb. 9, 1870; d. Nov. 16, 1880. 

116. ix. Seth Virgil, b. Franklin, Pa., Apr. 28, 1872. He is a mem- 

ber of the Knoxville Supply Co., Knoxville, Tenn. 

55. James Augustus'^ (Charles^, James^, James*, James^, 
SamueP, Roger^), b. Jan. 27, 1837; d. Hillsdale, Mich., about 
1867. He was probably a farmer. Children : 

117. i. Charles, a druggist. 

118. ii. Clarence, a druggist. 

57. James Adelbert^ (Stephen P.^, James^, James*, James^, 
SamueP, Roger^), b. 1837; m. about 1868, Rachel Jones. 

119. i. Clara, b. about 1869. 

67, James Lyman^ (James^, Roger^, James*, James^, 
SamueP, Roger^), b. Feb. 8, 1823; d. Mar. 21, 1904; m. (1) 
Mar. 28, 1848, Clarissa Merriam, dau. of Oliver and Sally 
(Whitney) Kendall [b. Ashby, Mass., Mar., 1827; d. Oct. 26, 
1854]; (2) July 5, 1855, Ann Elizabeth Wheeler (147). His 
home after the age of nine years was in New Ipswich, where 
he was first a farmer upon the paternal farm, and later upon 
the next farm westward, (XII : 4, S. R.,) where he built the 
house now standing there, which was his home for more than 
thirty years, after which he succeeded to the home of his 
father's later years in Smith Village. For many years he 
owned the sawmill on XIV: 4, S. R., and was also largely 
occupied as a carpenter and general mechanic. Children : 










Chandler (Roger) 

120. i. Myron Kendall, b. Jan. 24, 1851; d. Dec. 23, 1910; m. July 
30, 1882, Ella E., dau. of James and Eliza (Beaman) Gar- 
land [b. New Orleans, La., July 30, 1849; d. Mar., 1913]. 
He was a carpenter at Gardner, Mass. 

121. ii. Amanda, b. June 14, 1853; d. Feb. 9, 1901; m. Oct. 5, 1884, 
Austin C. Drury. One son, b. Aug. 26, 1885; d. Sept. 26, 

Herbert Warren, b. Apr. 2, 18S6.+ 

Lyman Marshall, b. Nov. 16, 1858; d. May 6, 1895, unm. 

He was postmaster at Smithville, where he had a country 

William Henry, b. Nov. 22, 1863.+ 
Alice Eva, b. July 30, 1866. She is the present owner of the 

family home in Smithville in which she resided. 

126. vii. Levi L., b. and d. May, 1870. 

68. George Willard^ (James^ Roger^ James*, James^ 
Samuel^, Roger^), b. July 29, 1825; d. Manhattan, Kan.; m. 
(1) June 15, 1847, Martha, dau. of John^ (Cornelius®), and 
Polly (Stratton) Towne [b. Jaffrey, Nov. 29, 1821; d. May 
21, 1848] ; (2) Aug. 12, 1849, Hannah Chaplin Towne (42) [b. 
Dublin, Oct. 23, 1831; d. Dec. 25, 1900]. He learned the ma- 
chinist's trade in Lowell, Mass., and has followed that indus- 
try in that city and in New Ipswich, Dublin, and Greenville, 
and Winchendon and Ayer, Mass. He was a very skilful 
mechanic, and made a number of useful inventions, among 
which is the earliest practicable twine-binding reaper; but 
most of the advantages of his inventions have been secured 
by others. He lived for a few years after 1854 on the home 
farm, and during a period of fifteen years near Kidder Moun- 
tain, on 46, N. D., on which latter farm he had a well-furnished 
shop in which he and his sons were largely occupied. Since 
1890 he has been a general mechanic in Manhattan, Kan. 
Children : 

127. i. George Willard Alonzo, b. New Ipswich, Apr. 28, 1848; d. 

Feb. 16, 1849. 

128. ii. Maria Hannah, b. Dublin, Apr. 27, 1851 ; d. Maiden, Mass., 

Mar. 1, 1907; m. July 23, 1879, William, son of William and 
Eliza (Clark) Gray [b. Newburyport, Mass., Oct. 13, 1838]. 
He was a clerk and accountant of Winchendon, Mass., and 
later in Boston. Children : i. Mabel Hannah Gray, b. Sept. 
10, 1880. ii. Gertrude Hortense Gray. b. Mar. 6, 1882. iii. 
Ethel Marguerite Gray, b. Mar. 30, 1884. iv. Florence 
Church Gray, b. Feb. 4, 1887. 

129. iii. Laura Jane, b. Dublin, Jan. 6, 1853; m. July 3, 1875, Charles 

Hanson, son of Charles Hanson and Rhoda H. (Buxton) 
Parker of Milford. Res. Milford and Ayer, Mass. 


History of New Ipswich 

130. iv. Lewis Edward, b. New Ipswich, Feb. 17, 1855; d. Feb. 10, 


131. V. Abbie Ann, b. New Ipswich, May 7, 1857; m. Sept. 9, 1881, 

Fred Emery, son of Sumner and Cordelia G. (Brooks) 
Fletcher and grandson of Reuben Fletcher (50). He is a 
machinist. Res. Winchendon and Gardner, Mass. Child : 
i. Carl Winthrop Fletcher, b. Nov. 13, 1882 ; d. Apr. 23, 1904. 

132. vi. Nancy Ella, b. New Ipswich, June 4, 1859; m. Mar. 30, 1883, 

Edward J., son of Seth R. and Esther A. (Jenkins) Holden 
[b. Shirley, Mass., May 3, 1856]. Res. Shirley and Ayer, 
Mass. Child: i. Seth Chandler Holden, b. Apr. 24, 1884; 
d. May 18, 1897. 

133. vii. James Cornelius, b. Greenville, June 12, 1861. -(- 

134. viii. George Henry, b. Winchendon, Mass., Dec. 15, 1863.+ 

135. ix. Daniel Lyman, b. Winchendon, Mass., Aug. 6, 1866; m. Sept. 

28, 1898, Gertrude Virginia Estey. He is a very skilful 
machinist and inventor, and is superintendent of the 
Chandler Planer Co. of Ayer, Mass. He has also several 
other very useful inventions of earlier date than the planer. 

136. X. Harriet Elizabeth, b. Fitchburg, Mass., June 14, 1868; m. 

Mar. 4, 1897, Alvah B. Mosher. Res. Ayer, Mass. Chil- 
dren : i. Minta Julia Mosher, h. May 2, 1898. ii. Elva 
Harriet Mosher, b. July 22, 1899. iii. Edna Florence 
Mosher, b. Jan. 31, 1903. iv. Ruth Lola Mosher, b. Mar. 31, 
1905 ; d. July 14, 1906. v. Chandler Benjamin Mosher, b. 
Oct. 13, 1907. 

137. xi. Gertrude Esther, b. Greenville, Aug. 16, 1870. Res. Ayer, 


138. xii. Charles Willard, b. New Ipswich, Mar. 21, 1872; d. June 24, 


139. xiii. Lucy Eliza, b. New Ipswich, July 19, 1874; m. Aug. 8, 1897, 

Waldo Whitman, son of John H. and Lydia (Doloff) 
Sprague [b. Manchester, Aug. 27, 1877]. He has a position 
in the express business at Ayer, Mass. Child : i. Lyman 
Chandler Sprague, b. July 18, 1902. 

70. JMarshall Warren^ (James", Roger^, James*, James^, 
SamueF, Roger^), b. Dec. 15, 1831; d. Jan. 19, 1912; m. Sept. 
7, 1854, Elizabeth Sterne, dau. of Clark B. and Harriet (Mead) 
Campbell [b. Putney, Vt., Oct. 10, 1834; d. Aug. 24, 1910]. 
He was a machinist at Winchendon, Mass., until failing sight 
compelled the cessation of such labor. He was selectman, 
also a trustee of the Savings Bank in that town for nearly 
thirty years, and a deacon for a longer period. Children : 

140. i. Harriet Campbell, b. July 13, 1855; d. Nov. 1, 1888; m. 

Charles A. Adams [b. Oct., 1856]. He was a druggist at 
Winchendon and afterward at Gardner, Mass., where she 
died. Child: i. Bernice Chandler Adams, b. Mar. 16, 1878; 
m. June 21, 1899, Charles Allen Loring of New Rochelle, 
N. Y. Two sons. 


Chandler (Roger) 

71. Charles Henry^ (James^ Roger^ James*, James', 
SamueP, Roger^), b. Oct. 25, 1840; d. Mar. 29, 1912; m. Aug. 
17, 1868, Eliza F., dau. of Hiram and Charlotte Adelia (Wil- 
lard) Dwinnell [b. Ashburnham, Mass., Jan. 15, 1844; d. 
Ripon, Wis., Oct. 28, 1894]. He fitted for college at New 
Ipswich Appleton Academy, graduated from Dartmouth Col- 
lege in 1868, and devoted his life to teaching. Before entering 
college he taught for some years in the academy, and later in 
three other New England academies. But after 1870 his at- 
tention was given to mathematical and allied scientific work, 
he having for ten years been a professor in Antioch College 
of Yellow Springs, O., and since 1881 in Ripon (Wis.) Col- 
lege, where he became Professor Emeritus in 1906. He then 
came to New England to care for his invalid sister, and while 
residing in New Ipswich was a member of the school board 
for four years and worked for five years on this History of 
the Town of New Ipswich. Children : 

141. i. Elwyn Francis, b. Aug. 29, 1872; m. Sept. 7, 1900, Anna 

Levina, dau. of John and Jane (Brown) McCumber [b. 
Chinguacoushy, Ont.]. He graduated from Ripon College 
in 1894, and studied for two years at the State University 
of Wisconsin. In 1899 he became an instructor in the 
State University of North Dakota, where he is now pro- 
fessor in charge of the Civil Engineering course. He also 
has been State Engineer of North Dakota, and holds a 
U. S. engineering commission in supervision of some 
branches of survey work carried forward in Dakota. 

142. ii. Edith Beatrice, b. Feb. 26, 1881. She graduated from Ripon 

College in 1904, and has since been occupied by study in 
the University of Chicago and in Europe, and by teaching 
the modern languages. 

79. John Henry'^ (Henry P.®, Roger^, James*, James^, 
SamueP, Roger^), b. Lowell, Mass., Sept. 28, 1843; m. (1) Jan. 
17, 1867, Augusta Porter of Shirley, Mass.; (2) June, 1879, 
Abbie Smith [d. Pasadena, Cal., Jan. 10, 1888] ; (3) July 20, 
1893, Clarinda Smith. He learned the machinist's trade and 
has followed it during most of his life at Ballardvale, Mass., 
and Indian Orchard, Mass. He was engaged for a few years 
in fruit culture at San Jose, Cal. Children : 

143. i. Henry Porter, b. Indian Orchard, Mar. 3, 1880; m. Joliet, 

111., Helen Firman Mack. He studied for two years at 
Stanford University, and then transferring to Harvard 
University graduated there in 1901. He was next an in- 
structor in the University of Chicago and president's secre- 


History of New Ipswich 

tary, being also a law student, and later he was admitted 
to the bar in that city. 

144. ii. Ethel, b. Indian Orchard, Aug. 28, 1881. She graduated 

from Mt. Holyoke College in 1905. 

145. iii. Grant, b. Ballardvale, Aug. 15, 1885. He graduated from 

Harvard College. 

84. Jesse hJ (Henry P.*', Roger^, James*, James^, SamueP, 
Roger!), b. Oct. 14, 1863; m. July 3, 1883, Hattie G. Shaw. 
He is a machinist at Lawrence, Mass. Child: 

146. i. Charles, d. in infancy. 

85. John Henry^ (James M.®, John^, James*, James^, Sam- 
uel-, Roger^), b. South Boston, Mass., Aug. 26, 1845; m. Nov. 

19, 1869, Annette Aullen. He has passed his life since early 
boyhood in his ancestral town, Tewksbury, Mass., where he 
has been town clerk. Child : 

147. i. Bertha J., b. June 20, 1876. 

91. HiRAM Stevens'^ (James M.'', John^, James*, James^, 
SamueP, Roger^), b. Tewksbury, Mass., June 12, 1857; m. Oct. 

20, 1881, Theresa Schmidt [b. Tewksbury, Oct. 12, 1861]. 
He is a farmer in his native town. Children : 

148. i. Hiram Thaddeus, b. Oct. 2, 1883. 

149. ii. George William, b. Oct. 10, 1885. 

150. iii. Andrew James, b. Sept. 22, 1890. 

94. Jeremiah Kittredge^ (James*^, John^, James*, James^, 
SamueP, Roger^), b. Tewksbury, Mass., Sept. 30, 1863; m. 
Nov. 26, 1884, Catherine, dau. of Thaddeus and Catherine L. 
(Sotting) Schmidt [b. Tewksbury, June, 1863]. He is a 
farmer of Tewksbury, living near the ancestral farm. Chil- 
dren : 

151. i. Alice Gertrude, b. Feb. 27, 1886; m. Dec. 20, 1906, Irving. 

152. ii. Larkin Trull Thorndike, b. Oct. 3, 1888. 

153. iii. William Albert, b. Nov., 1890. 

97. Jeremiah Kittredge^ (Jeremiah^, John^ James*, 
James^ SamueP, Roger^), b. Tewksbury, Mass., Aug. 7, 1854; 
d. Jan. 3, 1881 ; m. Mar., 1876, Mary Eva Burton (3). He was 
a farmer of his native town, where he died. Children : 

154. i. Annie Frances, b. Oct. 21, 1876; m. Oct. 2, 1892, Walter S. 

Thayer (21). 

155. ii. Nellie, b. Nov. 21, 1878; d. Aug. 20, 1879. 

156. iii. Harry Hersey, b. May 28, 1880.+ 

105. Charles Henry^ (James M.^ DanieP, James*, James^ 
SamueP, Roger^), b. Ballston, Ore., Apr. 8, 1864; m. June 24, 


Chandler (Roger) 

1885, Althea Genia Cox. He is a farmer and stock raiser, 
and has res. successively at Langlois, Grand Ronde, and 
Bandon, Ore. Child : 
157. i. Vernon Vance, b. Langlois, Ore., Jan. 14, 1890. 

112. George Prentiss^ (Daniel®, Daniel^, James*, James^, 
SamueP, Roger^), b. Albion, Ind., Mar. 26, 1857; m. Dayton, 
O., Mar. 10, 1892, Ella Wright. He was a teacher in Pennsyl- 
vania, and a traveling salesman for school supplies; in 1885 
he entered business with his brother Charles W. as dealers 
in coal and building supplies at Xenia, O., where he continued 
until 1891, since which time he has been a member of the 
Knoxville Supply Co., Knoxville, Tenn. He also is proprietor 
of a coal mine at Briceville, Tenn. Children : 

159. i. Jamison Wright, b. Oct. 18, 1895 ; d. Oct. 19, 1895. 

160. ii. William Lindsley Wright, b. Apr. 8, 1898. 

122. Herbert Warren* (James LJ, James**, Roger^, 
James*, James^, SamueP, Roger^), b. Apr. 2, 1856; m. Apr. 16, 
1884, Carrie Mary Hannah Blanchard (50). He is a merchant 
and mechanic at Smithville, where he is also postmaster. 
Children : 

161. i. James Oilman, b. Dec. 23, 1887; d. Feb. 6, 1888. 

162. ii. George Blanchard, b. Dec. 9, 1888; d. Dec. 9, 1888. 

163. iii. Robert Levi, b. June 5, 1894. 

164. iv. Lyman Marshall, b. Apr. 22, 1899. 

124. William Henry* (James L.^ James**, Roger^ James*, 
James^ SamueF, Roger^), b. Nov. 22, 1863; m. Oct. 30, 1887, 
Henrietta Florence, dau. of Henry and Rachel A. (Giddings) 
Stiles [b. Temple, Mar. 10, 1866]. He has been successively 
a farmer in New Ipswich, a merchant in Ashby, Mass., and a 
farmer in Ashburnham, Mass. Child: 

165. i. Ernest Henry, b. July 20, 1892. 

133. James Cornelius* (George W.^ James«, Roger", 
James*, James^ SamueP, Roger^), b. June 12, 1861; m. Oct. 
29, 1885, Ellen Maria, dau. of Albert Freeman and Lydia 
Maria (Burgess) Wright. He is a blacksmith, and has res. 
successively at Ayer, Mass., Nashua, and New Ipswich. He 
has been a selectman in New Ipswich. Children : 

166. i. George Freeman, b. May 16, 1889. 

167. ii. Cora Lydia, b. June 6, 1892; m. Carl L. Chandler. One 

daughter, Madeleine Harriet, b. July 27, 1911. 

168. iii. James Ralph, b. Dec. 12, 1898. 

169. iv. Gladys Ellen, b. Oct. 26, 1901. 


History of New Ipswich 

134. George Henry^ (George W/, James®, Roger^. James*, 
James^, SamueP, Roger^, b. Dec. 15, 1863; m. Dec. 24, 1891, 
Annie V. Webber [b. Buxton, Me., Dec. 23, 1873]. He is a 
machinist at Ayer, Mass. Children : 

170. i. Lucy Elizabeth, b. Jan. 2, 1894. 

171. ii. Lyman Everett, b. Feb. 25, 1895 ; d. Aug. 26, 1895. 

172. iii. Eva Henrietta, b. Nov. 10, 1896. 

173. iv. Avis Burns, b. Mar. 17, 1899. 

174. v. Dorothy Chaplin, b. July 16, 1901. 

175. vi. Charles Henry, b. May 13, 1905. 

156. Harry Hersey^ (Jeremiah K.'', Jeremiah", John^, 
James^, James^, SamueP, Roger^), b. Tewksbury, Mass., May 
28, 1880; m. Dec. 3, 1903, Georgie Hurd Colwell of St. John, 
N. B. He is a member of the Chandler Non-Skidding Chain 
Co., New York city. Children : 

176. i. Paul Douglas, b. July 5, 1905. 

177. ii. Ruth Josephine, b. Dec, 1906. 

178. iii. Olive Easter, b. Apr. 24, 1908. 

Samuel Chandler, formerly a sailor, occupied the "Breed 
farm," 82, A. D., for several years about 1850-1860, but ap- 
parently he was not a member of either of the families con- 
sidered here. 

CHANDLER (William). 

William' Chandler, d. 1641; m. Annis [d. Mar. 17, 1683]. 

With wiie and four children he settled in Roxbur/ in 1637. His v^^idow^ 
m. (1) John Dane; (2) John Parmenter of Sudbury. The church records 
say "1683 m. 1; d. 17; died old Mother Parmenter a blessed saint." 

Thomas' (William'), b. about 1630; d. 1703; m. Hannah Brewer 
of Andover [b. about 1630; d. Oct. 25, 1717]. He was one of the early 
settlers in Andover, Mass., and represented that town in the General 
Court. From him Hon. William Eaton"" Chandler, U. S. Senator from 
New Hampshire, is a descendant (John^ John', John°, John^ John', 
Nathan^ Nathan S."). His lineage does not appear in the published 
history of the family, but was discovered later and preserved by the 
author of that work. 

William' (William'), b. about 1634; d. 1698; m. (1) 1658, Mary, 
dau. of Dr. John and Eleanor (Clark) Dane [b. Ipswich, Mass., 1638; 
d. Andover, Mass., May 10, 1679] ; (2) Oct., 1679, Bridget, dau. of Maj. 
Thomas Henchman of Concord and Chelmsford [b. as early as 1631; d. 
Mar. 6, 1731]. He was a brickmaker at Andover, and afterward an 
innkeeper on the "Ipswich road to Billerica." 

William' (Thomas', William'), b. May 28, 1659; m. Apr., 1687, 
Eleanor Phelps, who was admitted to the church in Westford, Mass., in 
1728, being then a widow. 


Chandler (William) 

William' (WilIiam^ William'), b. Jan. 31, 1661; d. Oct. 27, 1727; m. 
Sarah Buckminster of Andover, Mass. [b. about 1661; d. Oct. 19, 1735]. 
He was a farmer in Andover. From him Hon. Zachariah' Chandler, 
U. S. Senator from Michigan, was descended (Zachariah\ Thomas^ 
Zachariah', Samuel'). 

Joseph^ (William^ William'), b. 1679; d. Apr. 23, 1734; m. Mehitable 
Russell. Res. at Andover, Mass. 

William' (William^ Thomas^ William'), b. July 20, 1689; d. July 
27, 1756; m. Susanna Burge of Westford, Mass. He seems to have been 
a resident at Billerica and also at Chelmsford, Mass., for a considerable 
time, but he died at Westford, Mass. 

JosiAH* (William^ William% William'), b. Dec. 28, 1683; d. Aug. 12, 
1752; m. Sarah Ingals. He was a farmer in Andover, Mass. 

1. Mehitable* (Joseph^, William-, William^), b. Andover, 

Mass.; m. (1) Feb. 7, 1732, Robert Crosby of Townsend, 

Mass.; (2) Nov. 26, 1745, Andrew Spaulding (1). 

Moses' (William', William', Thomas=, William'), b. Aug. 19, 1720; 
d. Wilton, Me., Mar. 16, 1800; m. (1) June 28, 1742, Dorothy Marble 
[b. Sept. 23, 1719; d. Apr. 11, 1760]; (2) Mar. 19, 1762, Elizabeth Kendal 
of Litchfield [b. May, 1725; d. Sept. 7, 1806]. He was a blacksmith. He 
served in the French War. Removed to Winthrop, Me., where he was 
a member of the Committee of Inspection and Safety. 

2. JoHN^ (William*, William^ Thomas', William^), b. 
Chelmsford, Mass., Sept. 27, 1725; d. Jan. 10, 1812; m. Feb. 
14, 1754, Lydia Taylor of Townsend, Mass. He was one of 
the very early settlers in New Ipswich, and he agreed to build 
mills there, the sawmill to be in operation as early as the last 
of October, 1750, and the cornmill within the following year. 
In consideration of this agreement he received a full town 
right including the falls near the present High Bridge, he 
giving bonds for £400 new tenor, amounting in value to about 
$140, for satisfactory performance of the contract. The mills 
were built and kept in running order for ten years, and despite 
occasional complaints concerning the service, it may be be- 
lieved that they proved as efficient as could reasonably have 
been expected under the conditions of the time and place. In 
1768 he sold the business to Capt. Eleazer Cummings and re- 
moved to Winthrop, Me., where he made a similar contract. 
He was chairman of the first board of selectmen in his new 
location, as also in later years town treasurer for a long time, 
and he seems to have been a leading citizen. He was father 
of a numerous family, three children being added to the nine 
borne upon the New Ipswich records. Children: 


History of New Ipswich 

7. i. John, b. Nov. 27, 1754; m. June 10, 1783, Hannah Streeter 

[b. Mar. 15, 1765; d. Jan. 11, 1854]. He succeeded to his 
father's mills in Winthrop, Me. Fifteen children. 

8. ii. Noah, b. Apr. 25, 1756. He is said to have served in the 

Revolution, to have been taken prisoner, and held despite 
an offer from his father to give a negro in exchange, an 
offered ransom the value of which may perhaps be esti- 
mated by his later sale for a gun and a watch. 

9. iii. Joel, b. Sept. 10, 1757; d. Apr. 11, 1794; m. Deborah Jennings 

[b. Sandwich, Mass., Dec. 7, 1760; d. Feb., 1848]. He was 
a farmer at Winthrop, Me. Six children. 

10. iv. Lydia, b. July 4, 1759 ; m. Seth Delano. 

11. V. Keziah, b. Apr. 17, 1761. 

12. vi. Molly, b. Mar. 9, 1763; d. Jan. 5, 1788; m. Sept., 1780, Dr. 

Moses Wing of South Wayne, Me., and also of Winthrop. 
Four children. 

13. vii. Lucy, b. Mar. 7, 1765; m. Ebenezer Wing of South Wayne, 

Me. Five children. 

14. viii. Susanna, b. July 22, 1766; d. Jan. 7, 1771. 

15. ix. Hannah, b. Jan. 12, 1768; m. Sept. 20, 1786, Daniel Marrow, 

Jr. Res. in Winthrop. Nine children. 

16. x. Rhoda, b. Aug. 21, 1769; m. Ichabod Wing, a farmer of Read- 

field, Me. 

17. xi. Susanna, b. Sept. 3, 1772. 

18. xii. David, b. Jan. 28, 1775.-|- 

3. Rachel^ (William*, William^, Thomas^, William^), b. 
Apr. 2, 1732; m. Thomas Spaulding (5). Removed to New 

4. Lydi.\^ (William*, William^ Thomas^, William^), b. 
Dec. 10, 1735 ; m. Dec. 22, 1757, Jonah Crosby of New Ipswich. 

5. Sarah^ (William*, William^ Thomas^, William:^), b. 

IMar. 18, 1739; m. Benjamin^ Spaulding (James*, Andrew^). 

David' (Josiah\ William^ William^ William'), b. Dec. 15, 1724; d. 
Feb. 11, 1776; m. Aug. 30, 1750, Mary, dau. of Timothy and Hannah' 
(John', John', Thomas', William*) (Chandler) Bullard of Andover. He 
was lieutenant in command of a Provincial company at Cambridge, when 
he contracted smallpox, which caused his death. 

6. Dorothy^ (Moses^ William*, William^ Thomas^ Wil- 
liam^), b. July 4, 1752; m. Bunker Clark of New Ipswich. 

Daniel" (David', Josiah\ William', William\ William'), b. July 9, 
1754; m. Joanna Stevens. He served in the Revolutionary War, and was 
afterward a farmer in Milford, whence he removed to Putney, Vt. 

Daniel' (Daniel", David', Josiah\ William', William', William'), b. 
Mar. 4, 1777; d. Mar. 25, 1845; m. Sally, dau. of Dea. Solomon Danforth 
of Merrimac [b. Mar. 20, 1784; d. Mar. 26, I860]. He lived in Merrimac, 
where he kept a tavern for a time. 


Chandler (William) 

19. Sewell Osgood^ (DanieF, Daniel®, David^, Josiah*, 
William^ William^, William^), b. Sept. 11, 1805; d. Aug. 24, 
1877; m. (1) Aug. 2, 1832, Rebecca Chickering (7); (2) Apr. 
29, 1861, Mary P. Jefts (4), widow of Jacob Blodgett. He 
came to New Ipswich soon after the death of his father-in-law, 
Abner Chickering, and settled upon his farm, remaining there 
fifteen years or more, and then two or three years later re- 
moving to Iowa. He was selectman for several years. Child : 

20. i. James Osgood, b. Nov. 4, 1836; m. Aug. 24, 1864, Inez M., 
dau. of Morrill and Mary E. (Wright) Young of Man- 
chester. He is a printer. He served in the Civil War, 
first in the 2d New Hampshire Regiment, from which he 
was discharged in 1863 on account of disability, and second 
in 1864 as captain of a company of the 1st Heavy Artillery 
which he had recruited. Child : i. Grace, b. 1865. 


Edward* Chapman, d. Apr. 18, 1678; m. (1) at Rowley, Mass., Mar., 
1642, Mary, dau. of Mark and Joanna Symonds of Ipswich, Mass. [d. 
June 10, 1658] ; (2) Dorothy, dau. of Richard Swan, and widow of 
Thomas Abbot [m. (2) Archelaus Woodman of Newbury]. He came 
from Yorkshire, England, to Boston about 1639; res. for a time in Rowley, 
and then made his home in Ipswich, Mass., of which he was one of the 

SiMON^ (Edward'), b. Rowley, 1643; d. Ipswich, Aug. 25, 1735; m. 
Mar. 21, 1666, Mary, dau. of John and Mary Brewer of Ipswich. Res. 
in Ipswich, where he was a carpenter. 

Edward' (Simon^ Edward*), b. May 11, 1669; m. Mary [d. 1740 

or later]. 

Daniel* (Edward^ Simon^ Edward*), d. 1745 or later; m. 1733, Mary 
(or Mercy) Jewett. He was a weaver at Boxford, Mass. 

Daniel^ (Daniel*, Edward', Simon^ Edward*), b. Boxford, Mass., 
1740; m. about 1760, Hephzibah Howe of Ipswich, Mass. [d. July 6, 1799]. 

Dudley" (Daniel', Daniel*, Edward', Simon', Edward*), b. May 19, 
1765; d. Oct. 17, 1832; m. Nov. 15, 1790, Elizabeth Wheaton [b. about 
1760; d. Nov. 29, 1826]. Res. in Londonderry, whence he removed in 
1788 to Peterboro. 

Daniel' (Dudley', Danier, Daniel*, Edward', Simon', Edward*), b. 
May 8, 1794; d. Nov. 11, 1832; m. Mar. 11, 1824, Peggy, dau. of William 
Cowing [b. 1797; d. May 22, 1867]. 

1. Gates^ (Dudley®, DanieF, Daniel*, Edward^, Simon-, 
Edward^), b. Feb. 8, 1798; d. Mar. 23, 1873; m. at Meredith, 
Apr. 24, 1824, Mary, dau. of Benjamin and Mary (Mash) 
Burnham [b. June 16, 1807; d. Jan. 14, 1889]. He came to 
New Ipswich in early manhood, and passed his life as a ma- 
chinist in Bank Village, where he died. Children : 


















History of New Ipswich 

3. i. Gates, b. at Meredith, Apr. 27, 1825.+ 

4. ii. Mary Elizabeth, b. New Ipswich, Oct. 11, 1827; m. Jan. 21, 
1851, Augustus Charles, son of Joshua and Harriet C. 
Kenrick [b. Haverhill, Mass., Feb. 16, 1826; d. Mar. 29, 
1890]. He was a painter. Child: i. Charles Adelbert 
Kenrick, b. Dec. 27, 1852; d. Oct. 11, 1858. 

Harriet A., b. June 5, 1829; d. May 19, 1837. 

Hannah Maria, b. Apr. 11, 1831; m. July 15, 1851, Charles 

B. Preston (56). 
George Augustus, b. Aug. 18, 1834.+ 
Charles H., b. Jan. 1, 1837. + 
James Wheaton, b. June 17, 1839.-|- 
Edward W., b. May 3, 1845.+ 
Edwin W., b. May 3, 1845.+ 
Albert H., b. Sept. 27, 1849; m. Dec. 25, 1872, Janette H. 

Houghton. A machinist at West Upton, Mass. 

2. William Wallace^ (DanieP, Dudley", Daniel^, Daniel*, 
Edward^, Simon^ Edward^), b. Apr., 1827; d. June, 1881; m. 
Sept. 21, 1856, Lydia A. Hannaford. For several years before 
and after their marriage they were in the employ of Samuel 
Holden on the eastern side of Whittemore Hill, but in 1863 
they removed to Ashburnham, Mass. Children : 

13. i. Charles H. 

14. ii. Fred W.+ 

15. iii. Kate M. 

16. iv. Nellie M. 

17. V. Jessie D. 

18. vi. Hattie F. 

3. Gates^ (Gates^, Dudley*', DanieP, Daniel*, Edward^, 
Simon^, Edward^, b. Apr. 27, 1825; m. (1) May 13, 1846, 
Elvira Jefts (11); (2) Sept. 9, 1847, Ann Sophia, dau. of 
Thomas and Mary Adams [b. Wilton, Aug. 21, 1829; d. Sept. 
7, 1871] ; (3) Sarah Helen, dau. of Levi and Abby S. Talbot 
[b. Gardiner, Me., Jan. 25, 1838]. Children: 

19. i. Augusta Elvira, b. Apr. 9, 1847; d. June 17, 1858. 

20. ii. Mary Ann, b. Aug. 21, 1848; m. Sept. 26, 1866, Edward 

Wallace, son of Edward and Fanny Merrick [b. Hubbards- 
ton, Mass., May 22, 1843]. Res. Holden, Mass., where he 
is a bookkeeper, also deputy sheriff. Child : i. Lula Frances 
Merrick, b. July 24, 1867 ; m. Apr. 2, 1890, John Goldthwaite. 

21. iii. Harriet Arabella, b. Shirley, Mass., Apr. 25, 1851; d. July 

1, 1852. 

22. iv. Thomas Gates, b. Millbury, Mass., Dec. 16, 1856; d. Nov. 

5, 1884; m. June 21, 1874, Eliza J., dau. of Charles and Mary 
A. Howard [b. Sept. 15, 1857]. Child: i. Ernest Gates, b. 
Mar. 4, 1876; d. Mar. 7, 1876. 



23. V. Charles Sumner, b. Millbury, Mass., Sept. 23, 1860; m. July 

16, 1882, Bertha B., dau. of H. P. and Margaret B. Whitte- 
more [b. West Boylston, Mass., Feb. 27, 1863]. Res. Wor- 
cester, Mass., where he is a machinist. 

24. vi. Ida May, b. Holden, Mass., Feb. 9, 1862; d. Dec. 31, 1865. 

25. vii. Alfred Ellis, b. Holden, Mass., May 16, 1864; d. Sept. 16 


26. viii. LiLLA Sophia, b. Holden, Mass., Sept. 12, 1867; d. Sept. 12, 


27. ix. William H. Harrison, b. Holden, Mass., Oct. 29, 1873; d. 

Nov. 2, 1884. 

28. X. Benjamin Franklin, b. Holden, Mass., Aug. 27, 1875. 

7. George Augustus^ (Gates'', Dudley^, Daniel^, Daniel*, 
Edward^ Simon^, Edward^, b. Aug. 18, 1834; m. (1) Apr. 23, 
1856, Lucrita A. S. Pheteplace [b. Sutton, Mass., Aug-. 30, 
1835 ; d. Feb. 9, 1882] ; (2) Apr. 14, 1883, Nettie M. Pheteplace 
[b. Bellows Falls, Vt., Nov. 16, 1840]. Children : 

29. i. Nellie L. F., b. Millbury, Mass., Oct. 10, 1857; d. Winchen- 

don, Mass., Sept. 22, 1868. 

30. ii. Sylvia Florence, b. Winchendon, Mass., Aug. 24, 1859; m. 

Sept. 16, 1879, Arthur D. Davis [b. Pawtucket, R. I., Jan. 
23, 1858]. Children: i. Harry Garfield Dazis. b. May 12, 
1881. ii. Arthur Frederick Davis, b. Dec. 3, 1883. iii. 
Clarence Eugene Davis, b. Sept. 23, 1885. 

31. iii. Edward Harry, b. Millbury, Mass., Mar. 9, 1869; m. Dec. 31, 

1889, Delia St. Armand [b. St. Rosalie. P. Q., Dec. 11, 1870]. 
Child : i. Harry Edison, b. Dec. 27, 1892. 

8. Charles H.^ (Gates^, Dudley'', DanieP, Daniel^ Ed- 
ward^ Simon^, Edward^), b. Jan. 1, 1837; m. July 24, 1858, 
Mary, dau. of John and Mary B. Crowe [b. Bellia, Ireland, 
Dec. 3, 1835]. A mechanic in East Jaffrey. He served in the 
10th New Hampshire Regiment during the Ciyil War. Chil- 

Z2. i. Edward H., b. Nov. 6, 1859; m. Margaret, dau. of James and 
Bridget Mitchell [b. Winchendon, Mass., July 10, 1861]. 
A coachman at East Jaffrey. Children : i. Frederick H., 
b. Aug. 27, 1882. ii. Sidney £.. b. Nov. 28, 1883. 

33. ii. Mary Loretta, b. Dec. 7, 1865; m. Dec. 26, 1885, Peter E., 
son of William and Bridget S. Hogan of East Cambridge, 
Mass. He is a butcher. 

9. James Wheaton^ (Gates^ Dudley^ DanieF, Daniel^ 
Edward^ Simon^, Edward^), b. June 17, 1839; m. (1) Aug. 28, 
1860, Harriet M., dau. of Peter and Susan (Russell) Tufts 
[b. June 20, 1839; d. Dec. 13, 1869] ; (2) Hornellsville, N. Y., 
Nov. 17, 1875, Carrie E., dau. of Harvey and Caroline D. 



History of New Ipswich 

Cooper [b. Feb. 24, 1850]. A salesman and railroad engineer. 
Children : 

34. i. Ada Florence, b. Dunkirk, N. Y., Aug. 16, 1864; m. Oct. 8, 

1893, Burt J. Blackmer. Res. Buffalo, N. Y. 

35. ii. Percy W., b. Aug. 11, 1866; d. Sept. 27, 1869. 

10. Edward W.^ (Gates^ Dudley®, DanieP, Daniel*. Ed- 
ward^ Simon^, Edward^), b. May 3, 1845; m. Aug. 27, 1870, 
Sarah G., dau. of George W. and Lovina S. Jones [b. Rindge, 
Apr. 7, 1851]. Res. West Townsend, Mass. 'Child : 

36. i. Perley Gates, b. Apr. 28. 1872; d. Oct. 8, 1872. 

11. Edwin W.^ (Gates% Dudley®, DanieP, Daniel*, Ed- 
ward^ Simon^, Edward^), b. May 3, 1845; m. Dec. 1, 1866, 
Melvina, dau. of Ansel and Octavia (Burrell) Baxter [b. Nov. 
14, 1842]. A farmer at South Ashburnham, Mass. Children: 

Z7. i. Lillian I., b. Nov. 2, 1876. 

38. ii. Mary L, b. Mar. 30, 1879. 

14. Fred W.^ (William Wallace^, DanieP, Dudley®, Dan- 
ieP, DanieP, Edward^, Simon^, Edward^), m. Bertha Wheeler 
(193). Children: 

39. i. Zettie Ginevra, b. Jan. 31, 1881; m. 1900, Orrin W. Eaton. 

Children : i. Howard Eaton, b. Feb. 24, 1901 ; d. Feb. 27, 
1901. ii. Zettie Katherine Eaton, b. May 20, 1908. 

40. ii. George Wallace, b. Mar. 16, 1884; m. Anna Woodward. A 

farmer and woodturner. Res. below Walker's several years, 
since 1892 at Hodgkins corner. Children : i. Child b. and 
d. May IS, 1907. ii. Fred Augustus, b. Nov. 8, 1908. iii. 
Mary Elizabeth, b. Feb. 19, 1910; d. Apr. 8, 1910. 

41. iii. Leda Hannaford, b. Oct. 27, 1890; m. July 21, 1906, Clarence 

Blake. Child : i. Elisabeth Eliza Blake, b. Feb. 16, 1908. 


Nathaniel* Chickering, b. Oct. 8, 1647, prob. at Wrentham, Eng- 
land; d. Dedham, Mass., Oct. 21, 1694; m. (1) Dec. 30, 1668, Mary, dau. 
of Samuel and Mary Judson [b. 1647] ; (2) Dec. 23, 1674, Lydia, dau. of 
Capt. Daniel and Abigail (Marriott) Fisher of Dedham, Mass. [b. July 
14, 1652; d. July 17, 1737]. She had previously lived in Hadley, Mass., 
and there had a part in the care of the concealed regicides, Goffe and 
Whalley. His name appears on the Dedham tax-list as early as 1669. 
In 1694 he settled in that part of Dedham which is now Dover, where he 
owned 1000 acres of land. The site of his home on that land has re- 
mained in the possession of his descendants to the present time. 

Nathaniel' (Nathaniel'), b. Mar. 28, 1677; d. Jan. 16, 1746/7; m. 
(1) Aug. 24, 1700, Mary, dau. of James and Hannah Sharp [b. Jan. 23, 
1677; d. Sept. 1, 1715]; (2) July 26, 1716, Deborah, dau. of Joseph and 



Deborah (Colburn) Wight [b. July 25, 1684]. He was one of the se- 
lectmen of Dedham and also a deacon. 

John' (NathanieP, Nathaniel'), b. Aug. 23, 1715; m. (1) Mary Dew- 
ing; (2) Jan. 9, 1766, Mrs. Elizabeth Gay of Dedham. He responded to 
the Lexington alarm. 

1. Abner* (John^ Nathaniel, Nathaniel^, b. Holden. 
Mass., Oct. 5, 1766; d. July 25, 1841; m. (1) Apr. 19, 1792, 
Eunice, dan. of Dea. Amos and Thankful (Minot) Dakin of 
Mason [b. about 1777; d. May 7, 1804]; (2) May 9, 1805, 
Lydia Stratton (S. 4), widow of Caleb Campbell (2). He set- 
tled in Mason soon after reaching his majority and was a 
blacksmith in that town until about 1805, when he removed 
to New Ipswich, and passed his remaining years on the 
"Knowlton place," (22, N. D.,) where he was a farmer, al- 
though not entirely forsaking his former trade. His home 
was in the house now standing upon the east side of the brook. 
Children : 

2. i. Mary, m. Sept. 26, 1816, Josiah G. Heald. 

3. ii. Samuel, b. Feb. 18, l796.-f 

4. iii. Jonas, b. 1798.+ 

5. iv. Melinda, m. Vent. 

6. V. Eliza, m. Dec. 19, 1822, Ariel Godding (2). 

7. vi. Rebecca, b. Sept. 3, 1803; d. Sept. 28, 1850; m. Aug. 2, 1832, 

Sewell O. Chandler (W. 19). 

8. vii. Charles, b. about 1807.-|- 

3. Samuel^ (Abner*. John^ Nathaniel', NathanieP), b. 
Feb. 18, 1796; d. May 18, 1836; m. Dec. 31, 1821, Julia Boutelle 
of Lancaster, Mass. [d. Aug. 9, 1866]. He was a farmer and 
stonemason living upon the same lot as his father, in the house 
upon the west side of the brook. Children : 

9. i. Eliza Ann, b. 1823; d. 1862; m. Feb. 4, 1853, Abraham Cram 

of Pittsfield. 
Charles, b. Nov. 5, 1825. -f- 
JosiAH Boutelle, b. Aug. 10, 1827.+ 
George, b. July 4, 1829.+ 
JuLiA Maria, b. Aug. 10, 1831 ; m. May 17, 1855, Archelaus 

C. Dakin, a machinist at Clinton, Mass. One daughter, 

d. in infancy. 
Abbie Boutelle, b. Dec. 10, 1833; d. Apr. 26, 1854, unm. 
Harriet Atwood, b. July 28, 1835; m. Sept. 1, 1860, George M. 

Sawyer, a jeweler at Clinton, Mass. Two sons, both dead. 
16. viii. Ellen Frances, b. June 23, 1836; d. Apr. 25, 1856, unm. 

4. JoNAS^ (Abner*, John^, Nathaniel, Nathaniel), b. 1798; 
d. Dec. 8, 1853; m. Eliza Harrington. He learned the trade 
of a cabinet-maker in his early years, and in early manhood 














History of New Ipswich 

entered the employ of a piano manufacturer of Boston. At 
a very early age he had shown a natural musical ability, and 
in a small way had applied his mechanical skill to musical 
instruments. This natural inclination was farther developed 
by his city occupation, and at the age of twenty-eight he was 
conducting his own business as a manufacturer and had en- 
tered upon the process of development and improvement 
which gave the "Chickering Piano" its eminent position. The 
union in his character of the mechanic, the artist, and the 
merchant is indicated by his having been president of the 
Handel and Haydn Musical Society and the Massachusetts 
Mechanic Association. He was a member of the Massachu- 
setts Legislature. His three sons were associated with him 
as "Chickering & Sons." Children : 

17. i. Thomas E., b. 1824; d. 1871. 

18. ii. C Frank, b. 1827; d. 1891. 

19. iii. George H., b. 1830; d. 1898. 

20. iv. Anna, b. 1830; d. 1898; m. Wilcox. 

8. Charles^ (Abner*, John^, NathanieP, Nathaniel^), b. 
about 1807; d. Aug., 1863; m. Mar., 1831, Julia Ann Obear (6). 
Soon after his marriage he removed to Pittsfield, where he 
v/as a merchant, and also served as deputy sheriff. His chil- 
dren were born in that town. Later he returned to New 
Ipswich, where he remained for nearly twenty years, at first 
upon the family farm and later in the Center Village. He 
was postmaster for several years. During a few of his last 
years he kept a hotel at Groton Junction, (now Ayer,) Mass., 
where he died. Children : 

21. i. Abby Jane, b. 1832; d. 1907; m, Oct. 10, 1855, Henry Eddy, 

an overseer in the carpet works at Clinton, Mass. Two 

22. ii. Julia Ann, b. Dec. 8, 1834; m. Nov. 3, 1853, George N. Lowe 

23. iii. Charles Abner, b. and d. 1836. 

24. iv. Charles Abner, b. 1838; d. 1895; m. Jeannette Gordon. Res. 

Lancaster, Mass. Children : i. Edith. ii. Louise, iii. 
Arthur, iv. Benson, v. Horace. 

10. Charles^ (SamueP, Abner*, John^ NathanieP, Nathan- 
iel), b. Nov. 5, 1825; d. Sept. 18, 1903; m. Denmark, Iowa, 
Nov. 24, 1859, Hattie Kenny. In 1857 he removed to Iowa, 
which was his home for the rest of his life. He lived at 
Denmark, near Red Oak, and at Elliott. His principal busi- 
ness was that of a farmer. He served in the Civil War, being 
a member of the First Iowa Cavalry. One child. 



11. JosiAH BouTELLE« (SamucP, Abner*, John^, Nathaniel^, 
NathanieP), b. Aug. 10, 1827; d. Dec. 5, 1881; m. Sarah 
Brown. He removed to Cincinnati, O., where he established 
and maintained for many years "Chickering Academy," after- 
ward "Chickering Institute," a highly successful boys' school. 

25. i. Addie Linwood, b. 1858; m. Nelville Hoff, dean of the Dental 

College of the University of Michigan. 

26. ii. Clifford Cummings, b. Aug. 17, 1862. A member of the 

firm of Chickering Bros., dealers in pianos, Chicago, 111. 

27. iii. Fred Wiloby, b. Mar. 1, 1864. A member of the firm of 

Chickering Bros., as above. 

28. iv. Howard Everett, b. July 11, 1871. A business man of Cleve- 

land, O. 

29. v. Wallace W., b. Jan. 20, 1874. Also of Chickering Bros., as 


12. George^ (Samuel^ Abner*, John^ Nathanlel^ Nathan- 
iel), b. July 4, 1829; d. Feb. 20, 1905; m. Oct. 10, 1852, Mary 
Abigail, dau. of Jacob and Mary P. (4) (Jefts) Blodgett. He 
was a farmer at Denmark, Iowa. Children : 

30. i. Frank How^ard, b. Jan. 20, 1854. A music dealer at Omaha, 


31. ii. Henrietta, b. 1858; m. Edward Burton. Res. Cof?eeviIle, 


32. iii. Mary Ellen, b. about 1862; m. Edward Murphy, a farmer 

at Burlington, Iowa. 

33. iv. Ernest Dakin, b. Apr., 1871 ; unm. A farmer at Elliott, Iowa. 

CLARK (Ebenezer). 

Ebenezer^ Clark, m. Allen. Res. in Braintree, Mass. 

1. Ebenezer^ (Ebenezer^), b. Braintree, Mass., 1754; d. 
Nov. 24, 1835 ; m. 1778, Ruth, dau. of William. Wilde [b. about 
1759; d. Feb. 4, 1840]. His home was in his native town until 
1804, when he removed to Bedford, Mass., and thence, eight 
years later, to Townsend, Mass., where he resided during most 
of his remaining life. His last two or three years were passed 
in New Ipswich, whither his second son, Benjamin A., had 
come several years earlier. He rendered worthy service in 
the Revolutionary War, at first as a private in the company 
of Capt. Jacob Gould and regiment of Col. John Greaton, and 
later as a sergeant in Washington's Life Guard. He was at 
Bunker Hill, served during the siege of Boston, and had a part 
at Princeton and Trenton and the famous crossing of the Dela- 
ware. Children : 


History of New Ipswich 

2. i. Ebenezer. b. 1781; m. Mary Sampson. He had eleven chil- 

dren, from whom the branch of the family in Townsend, 
Mass., has descended. 

3. ii. Ruth, b. 1783; d. Aug. 13, 1849; m. (1) Elias Poole of Brain- 

tree, Mass. Children: i. Ruth Poole, ii. Mary Ann Poole; 
m. (2) Castalio Hosmer (24). 

4. iii. Mary, b. 1786; d. Jan. 10, 1883; m. Stephen Corbin [b. about 

1782; d. Greenville, Jan. 22, 1855]. Res. in New Ipswich 
several years. Children: i. Stephen Corbin, h. about 1806; 
d. Apr. 22, 1862. ii. Salome Corbin, b. Jan. 26, 1808; d. 

Oct. 5, 1897; m. (1) John Tolman; (2) Wood. iii. 

Sarah Corbin. iv. Ruth Corbin, m. June 30, 1832, Reuben 
Bacon, Jr. v. William W. Corbin, b. about 1820; d. May 2, 

5. iv. Abigail, b. 1788; m. Jonathan Bacon of Bedford, Mass. 

Seven children. 

6. V. Sarah, b. 1790; m. Reuben Bacon of Bedford, Mass. Six 


7. vi. Benjamin Acer, b. l792.-\- 

8. vii. James, b. 1794; d. Stoneham, Mass.; m. Hannah Hodgman. 

Four children. 

7. Benjamin Ager^ (Ebenezer^, Ebenezer^), b. 1792; d. 
Nov. 12, 1870; m. 1812, Martha Hosmer (25). He came from 
Townsend, Mass., to New Ipswich about 1825, and lived for 
a few years on the Benjamin Hoar farm, (V: 2, S. R.,) being 
occupied as a teamster to and from Boston, but later he bought 
the Benjamin Adams Farm, (25, N. D.,) and resided there 
until his death. Children : 

9. i. Elvira, b. about 1812; d. Sterling, 1840; m. Jan., 1832, Samuel 

Porter. Children : i. Fred Porter, ii. Henry Porter. 

10. ii. John, b. 1814; m. Jan. 1, 1843, Sally Bond, dau. of Christo- 

pher P. (22) and Nancy (Thompson) Hosmer. Res. in 

11. iii. Leander, b. 1816.-(- 

12. iv. Reuben B., b. 1818.+ 

13. V. Mary, b. 1820; m. Castalio Hosmer, Jr. (43). 

14. vi. Benjamin Franklin, b. July 4, 1822.-|- 

15. vii. George, b. July, 1824 ; d. Oct. 25, 1825. 

16. viii. Maria A., b. Mar. 26, 1827; d. Sept., 1910; m. Aug., 1849, 

Charles H. King (5). 

17. ix. A son, b. Mar. 11, 1829; d. Mar. 27, 1829. 

11. Leander* (Benjamin A.^ Ebenezer^ Ebenezer^), b. 
1816; d. Washington, D. C. ; m. Laura Hosmer (42). He was 
a man of literary tastes, and a small volume of his poems was 
published. Children : 

18. i. Alice, d. Washington, D. C. ; m. Dr. Wm. Green. One son, 

19. ii. Frances, m. Brown. 


Clark (Ebenezer) 

20. iii. Mary. 

21. iv. Child, whose name is not known. 

22. V. Child, whose name is not known. 

12. Reuben B.'^ (Benjamin A.^, Ebenezer^, Ebenezer^), b. 
1818; d. Sept. 8, 1894; m. (1) Dec. 26, 1848, Margaret E. 
Thomas; (2) Oct. 2, 1879, Louisa Densmore. He resided in 
Washing-ton, D. C, where he is said to have accumulated a 
large property. Children : 

23. i. Ida, (of first marriage,) m. Wm. C. Wood. Two sons. 

24. ii. Reuben B., (of second marriage). 

14. Benjamin Franklin* (Benjamin A.^ Ebenezer^, Eben- 
ezer^), b. July 4, 1822; d. Minneapolis, Minn., 1893; m. Irene 
Webber. He removed to Washington, D. C, in early man- 
hood and there resided nearly forty years. The closing years 
of his life were passed in Minneapolis, Minn. Children: 

25. i. Ernest Franklin, m. Belle Doe. He has been a dentist in 

Minneapolis since 1880. Children : i. Harry Oscar, m. 
Gertrude Williams. One son. ii. Ernestine, m. Maurice 
Bardwell. iii. Marion, m. Charles P. Taylor. One son. 

26. ii. Harry Webber, d. Oct. 11, 1911; m. Lilla Phillbrook. He 

was also a dentist in Minneapolis. Children : i. Phillbrook 
Wilson, ii. Eleanor Bacon. 

CLARK (Hugh). 

Hugh' Clark, b. about 1613; d. July 30, 1693; m. Elizabeth [d. 

Dec. 11, 1692]. He was at Watertown in 1641, and removed to Roxbury 
in 1660. 

Uriah= (Hugh'), b. June 5, 1644; d. July 26, 1721; m. (1) Oct., 1674, 
Joanna, dau. of Thomas Holbrook of Braintree [b. about 1657; d. Feb. 

28, 1682]; (2) 1682, Mary ; (3) Martha. He lived at Roxbury until 

he was nearly fifty years old, when he removed to that part of Water- 
town which is now Belmont. He was a selectman of Watertown. 

Peter' (Uriah^ Hugh'), b. Mar. 12, 1693; d. June 10, 1768; m. Nov. 
6, 1719, Deborah, dau. of Dea. Peter Hobart of Braintree [b. about 1702 ; 
d. Feb. 28, 1765]. He graduated from Harvard College in 1712 and in 
1717 became pastor of the church in Danvers, (then Salem Village,) 
where in a pastorate of fifty-one years he was noted as a theologian. 

Peter^ (Peter', Uriah=, Hugh'), b. Oct. 1, 1720; d. Nov. 13, 1747; 
m. Oct. 22, 1741, Anna Porter of Danvers. He graduated from Harvard 
College in 1739, but declined his father's profession and settled upon the 
farm of his grandfather Hobart in Braintree. His widow m. Sept. 14, 
1752, Thomas Faxon of Braintree. 

Peter^ (PeterS Peter', Uriah^ Hugh'), b. Feb. 4, 1743; d. Oct. 14, 
1826; m. Oct. 20, 1763, Hannah, dau. of Daniel and Hannah (Prescott) 
Eppes of Braintree [b. about 1744; d. Dec. 21, 1814]. He removed from 
Braintree to Lyndeboro, N. H., in 1775, and in 1777 received a captain's 


History of New Ipswich 

commission in the Provincial service. He held most of the important 
town offices in after life, was a justice of the peace and a deacon for 
many years. 

1. John*' (Peter^ Peter*, Peter^, Uriah^, Hugh^), b. Jan. 4, 
1785; d. Mar. 19, 1855; m. (1) Nov. 18, 1806, Margaret Rand 
of Lyndeboro [d. Aug. 31, 1846] ; (2) Dec. 9, 1847, Nancy 
Patterson of Greenfield. He came to New Ipswich in 1814, 
and was an overseer in the Davis mills at the waterpower 
afterward utilized by the Walker industries. Later he was 
for several years upon the "Gould farm," (43, N. D.) He was 
also for a time superintendent in the factory of Eleazer Brown. 
The later years of his life were variously occupied in the 
Center Village, his home being the house upon the north side 
of the street midway between the Baptist church and the 
street crossing at the foot of Meeting-house Hill, afterward 
the residence of his son, Peter H., who replaced it with a new 
building, since the residence of his daughter, granddaughter 
and great-granddaughter. He was town clerk ten years, a 
deacon thirty-five years, and also for a long time leader of the 
Congregational choir. He was exceptionally fond of music 
and was an early teacher of singing schools. Children : 

2. i. Mary, b. Oct. 4, 1807; d. Sept. 24, 1841; m. Mar. 8, 1832, 

Martin Ames. 

3. ii. Hannah, b. June 16, 1809; d. Mar. 18, 1843; m. May 24, 1832, 

William W. Johnson. 

4. iii. Deborah, b. Oct. 12, 1811; d. June 18, 1865; m. Jan. 1, 1835, 

Henry Adams (W. 81). 

5. iv. John Prescott, b. Apr. 11, 1814. -(- 

6. v. Peter Hobart, b. Dec. 11, 1816.-|- 

7. vi. James Rand, b. Nov. 27, 1823.-^ 

5. John Prescott'^ (John®, Peter^ Peter*, Peter^, Uriahs 
Hugh^), b. Apr. 11, 1814; d. Mar. 3, 1889; m. 1839, Mary Em- 
erson, dau. of Lubim and Lydia (Burton) Rockwood of Wil- 
ton [b. 1821; d. 1904]. He passed his life in New Ipswich, 
being engaged in various mercantile pursuits. He lived in 
Bank Village until 1854, where for about ten years, as a 
partner of William W. Johnson, he was engaged in the man- 
agement of a general store. Later he was the first conductor 
on the Peterboro & Shirley railroad, as the line from Groton 
Junction to Mason Village, (now Ayer to Greenville,) was 
then termed. In 1854 he removed to the Center Village and 
for a brief time was associated with Stephen Thayer in the 
ownership of a store at the western corner of the turnpike and 


Clark (Hugh) 

the old Mason Village road. He inherited very fully his 
father's musical ability, which further descended to his chil- 
dren, as was clearly evidenced by the entertainments of the 
"Clark Troupe," composed of him and his brother Peter H., 
with members of their families. Children : 

8. i. John Rockwood, b. May 25, 1840; d. May 28, 1840. 

9. ii. John Emerson, b. June 29, 1842; d. Feb. 7, 1889; he was a 

tin worker in Fitchburg, Worcester and Lancaster in Massa- 

10. iii. Mary Ellen, b. Sept. 14, 1844; d. Aug. 14, 1878, unm. She 

was a professional musician in Boston. 

11. iv. William Willis, b. Mar. 3, 1846. He is a musical instructor 

in Boston and vicinity. 

12. V. Abbie Rockwood, b. Nov. 13, 1848; d. Aug. 31, 1903; m. (1) 

Charles R. Ford [b. Dec. 22, 1848; d. Sept. 23, 1886]; (2) 
Charles E. Berthoff. She was a professional musician of 
Boston, both as a teacher and as a member of leading 
concert companies. 

13. vi. Frank Burton, b. Sept. 24, 1850. He was a fruit raiser in 

Emmett, Colo. 

14. vii. Charles Herbert, b. Feb. 14, 1852; m. Jan. 10, 1884, Jeanie 

M. Herrick. He is a music teacher in New York City. 

15. viii. Henrietta, b. Feb. 9, 1854; d. Aug. 14, 1868. 

16. ix. Lizzie R., b. May 2, 1856; m. Albert F. Crowell, a bookkeeper 

in Boston. Children : i. Clarence Albert Crowell, b. Mar. 
2, 1876; d. Nov. 14, 1908. ii. Marian Follett Crowell, b. 
Jan. 27, 1880; d. Oct. 10, 1898. iii. Herbert Clark Crowell, 
b. Nov. 6, 1882; m. Oct. 4, 1904, Mabelle Aer of Boston. 
He is a salesman in Boston. Two children. 

6. Peter Hobart^ (John^ Peter^, Peter*, Peter^, Uriah^, 
Hugh^), b. Dec. 11, 1816; d. Aug. 26, 1891; m. June 1, 1843, 
Sarah Barnes, dau. of Jesse and Lydia (Barnes) Patten of 
Temple [b. Jan. 18, 1826; d. Dec. 29, 1892]. He passed his 
life in New Ipswich, living for many years in the house pre- 
viously his father's. He was, first of all, a musician, and 
around him, as bandmaster and both vocal and instrumental 
instructor, the music of the town centered. His wife also was 
for a long time a teacher in connection with the Academy, 
and each member of his family had place in the "Clark 
Troupe" mentioned above. He held an appointment as deputy 
sheriff, and was also for ten or more years proprietor of 
Clark's Hotel at the old stand on the turnpike next east from 
the corner store, which under his care was a popular summer 
resort. Children : 

17. i. Margaret Barnes, b. Mar. 12, 1847 ; d. May 26, 1867. 


History of New Ipswich 

18. ii. Harriet Patten, b. Nov. 27, 1850; m. (1) Mar., 1870, George 

L. Gates of Ashby, Mass.; (2) Jan. 31, 1878, William George 
McKown of Boston [d. June 28, 1884]. Children: i. Ethel 
McKown, b. Feb. 19, 1879; m. Oct. 28, 1896, Ralph E. Parker 
of Boston (N. 14). ii. Annie McKown, b. Aug. 23, 1880; 
d. June 16, 1881. 

19. iii. Annie, b. Sept. 3, 1853; d. Mar. 16, 1860. 

7. James Rand^ (John«, Peter^ Peter*, Peter^ Uriah^, 
Hugh^), b. Nov. 27, 1823; d. Nov. 13, 1888; m. 1854, Elizabeth 
Perkins. He was a dealer in sewing machines at Biddeford, 
Me., of which city he was mayor for a time. Later he was 
proprietor of a livery stable in Boston. Children : 

20. i. Edmund Robert, b. Dec. 18, 1854; d. Nov., 1905; m. Mrs. Cora 

Betts. A salesman in Boston. 

21. ii. Walter Henry, b. Jan. 14, 1861 ; d. young. 

22. iii. Eugene Lester, b. Jan. 14, 1861; d. June 11, 1907; m. Elenora 

Gleason of Boston. He succeeded to his father's stable 
business. Child : i. Elizabeth J., b. Aug. 13, 1899. 


1. Joseph^ Collins, b. about 1749; d. Jan. 10, 1836; m. 

Lydia [b. about 1744; d. Dec. 14, 1835]. He had a small 

farm upon the road from Smith Village to the Breed farms, 
and built his house on the west side of that road just north 
of the brook crossing it, (60, N. L. O.) The cellar is still 
plainly visible. 

2. Nathan^ (Joseph^), b. Aug. 4, 1785; d. Sept. 4, 1867; 
m. Lucy D. Preast [b. Oct. 28, 1786; d. Dec. 28, 1863]. He 
passed most of his life upon the same lot, his house, still oc- 
cupied, being upon the east side of the road a quarter-mile 
farther north than that of his father. Children ; 

3. i. John Augustus, b. Jan. 8, 1814; d. Apr. 16, 1814. 

4. ii. Nancy Woodbury, b. Jan. 3, 1816; m. John Pike. 


Roger' Conant, son of Richard and Agnes (Clarke) Conant, b. East 
Budleigh, County Devon, England, bapt. Apr. 9, 1592; d. Nov. 19, 1679; 
m. Nov. 11, 1618, Sarah Horton. He came to Plymouth in 1623. He did 
not settle permanently there, but removed to Nantasket (Hull) in 1624, 
was at the Cape Ann settlement on what is now the west shore of 
Gloucester Harbor in 1625, and in 1626 was apparently the head of the 
colony at Naumkeag (Salem). He lived in the section which became 
Beverly, and was a leader in the formation of that town. 



LoT^ (Roger'), b. about 1624; d. Sept. 29, 1674; m. Elizabeth, dau. of 
Rev. William Walton, who survived him, and married Andrew Manslield 
of Lynn. He lived for a time in Salem, but removed to IJeverly. 

John' (Lot=, Roger'), b. Mar. 10, 1652; d. Sept. 30, 1724; m. May 7, 
1678, Bithiah, dau. of Andrew and Bithiah Mansfield of Lynn. He was 
a farmer and a weaver in Beverly, and did service in King Philip's war. 

Roger' (Lot^ Roger'), b. Mar. 10, 1668/9; d. 1745; m. Apr. 25, 1698, 
Mary, dau. of Capt. Thomas and Mary Raymond. About 1720 he re- 
moved from Beverly to that part of Concord which is now Acton. He 
was a weaver. 

Lot' (John', Lot', Roger'), bapt. June 1, 1679; d. Sept. 20, 1767; 
m. (1) May 15, 1698, Martha Cleaves [b. about 1681; d. Feb. 15, 1725]; 

(2) Susannah Clark; (3) Mary . He removed from Beverly to 

Concord about 1716. 

Josiah' (Roger', Lot=, Roger'), b. Dec. 12, 1711; m. Feb. 9, 1745/6, 
Catherine, dau. of Peter Emerson of Reading [b. Dec. 20, 1718; d. Aug. 

2, 1809; m. (2) Dec. 18, 1777, Moses Thurston]. He settled while a 
young man in West Dunstable (now HoUis), where he was a selectman. 

Andrew' (Lot', John', Lot', Roger'), bapt. Beverly, Jan. 25, 1702/3; 
m. (1) Charlestown, May 2, 1723, Elizabeth Taylor [b. about 1704; d. 
Sept. 10, 1758] ; (2) Concord, June 6, 1759, Mrs. Mary Hubbard [b. about 
1703; d. Nov. 30, 1763]; (3) Danvers, Mass., July 19, 1764, Anna, widow 
of Daniel Gardner. He was a farmer in Concord, his farm adjoining 
that of his father. 

Abel' (Josiah', Roger', Lot', Roger'), b. Oct. 3, 1755; d. May 2, 
1844; m. (1) Nov. 20, 1681, Margaret, dau. of James and Margaret Jewett 
of Hollis [b. Oct. 18, 1758; d. July 25, 1788]; (.2) Lydia Thurston. He 
resided in Hollis until 1813 and then removed to Hardwick, Vt. He 
served several times in the Revolution and was at Bunker Hill. He was 
a deacon in Hollis. 

Andrew" (Andrew', Lot', John', Lot', Roger'), b. Aug. 22, 1725; d. 
Sept. 17, 1805; m. (1) Nov. 30, 1748, Ruth Brooks [b. about 1729; d. 

Feb. 3, 1770]; (2) Mary [b. about 1734; d. June 20, 1818]. He 

passed his life in Concord. He was a captain. 

Silas" (Andrew', Lot', John', Lot', Roger'), b. Aug. 15, 1740; d. Apr. 

3, 1803; m. Dec. 30, 1762, Lois, dau. of Samuel and Elizabeth Potter 
[b. May 2, 1744; d. Nov. 12, 1815]. He was a farmer in Concord, Mass. 

L Abel« (Abel^ Josiah^ Roger^ Lo^, Roger^), b. June 1, 
1784; d. Apr. 12, 1875; m. May, 1822, Harriet Hubbard (4). 
He studied law in Townsend and New Ipswich, in the latter 
place with Benjamin Champney. He was admitted to the 
bar in 1813. He practiced at Townsend and afterward from 
1819 to 1826 in New Ipswich. In 1834 he removed to Lowell, 
Mass., where he studied chemistry and mechanics and made 
some useful inventions. He is said to have made a parlor 
organ, a hollow auger nearly as now used, the mortise door 
lock, and certain improved means for causing bread to rise. 

Children : 


History of New Ipswich 

4. i. John, b. Apr. 3, 1823; d. Dec. 29, 1876; m. 1851, Frances, 

dau. of Peter and Hannah Crowell, a well-known spiritual- 
ist medium. Res. in Boston. 

5. ii. Harriet Maria, b. May 20, 1825. 

6. iii. Horace J., b. Sept. 17, 1827. 

7. iv. Sarah Isabella, b. Jan. 14, 1829. 

8. V. James Edwin, b. Feb. 3, 1831; d. Oct. 1, 1886; m. (1) Feb. 

9, 1854, Susan Amelia Rutherford; (2) Sallie Lee. He 
served in the U. S. Interior Dept. and in the War Dept., 
and for many years engaged in the business of railroad 
construction in the South and West. 

2. Zebulon'^ (Andrew^ Andrew^, Lot*, John^, Lot^, 
Roger!), i3 Oct. 29, 1749; m. Mary Wright [b. Feb., 1752]. 
He lived in Winchendon, Mass., at the time of the Revoki- 
tion, and went to Cambridge in Capt. Wilder's company at 
the time of the Lexington alarm. He removed to New Ips- 
wich in 1783 or earlier, and was a farmer upon 85, A. D., or 
perhaps the next lot to the west of it. His name disappears 
from the town records before 1820. Children : 

9. i. Ruth, b. May 2, 1772; m. Nov. 3, 1795, James Adams (12). 

10. ii. Mary, b. Feb. 13, 1774; m. May 1, 1794, Jacob S. Clary of 

Leominster, Mass. 

11. iii. Zebulon, b. May 11, 1776; d. July 8, 1803; m. Mary Wright. 

He was drowned. 

12. iv. Hannah, b. May 4, 1779; d. 1802; m. Oct. 8, 1801, Jonas 


13. v. Joseph, b. Mar. 31, 1781.+ 

14. vi. Rebecca, b. July 31, 1783; m. Nov. 3, 1809, John W. Spaulding 

of Franklin, Vt. 

15. vii. Betsy, b. Sept. 13, 1785; m. Mar. 25, 1813, Lovander F. 

Fuller of Grafton, Vt. 

16. viii. Nathan, b. Feb. 9, 1788; d. Oct. 3, 1843. 

17. ix. Keziah, b. June 19, 1789; m. Sanders. 

18. X. Nancy, b. Aug. 10, 1793; m. Jan. 23, 1810, Joseph' Wetherbee. 

19. xi. Andrew, b. Feb. 12, l796.-f 

3. James^ (Silas^ Andrew^ Lot^ John^, Lot^ Roger^), b. 
May 26, 1788; d. Oct. 26, 1836; m. 1810, Seba, dau. of Jesse 
Davis [b. Acton, Mass., June 23, 1789; d. July 5, 1875]. He 
was a carpenter in Acton, Mass., from which town he gave 
service in the War of 1812. He came to New Ipswich about 
1825 and remained eight years, living on the Tenney farm on 
the Greenville road, (19, N. D.) Children: 

20. i. Luseba Wright, b. Apr. 14, 1811; d. Feb. 2, 1859; m. Dec, 

9, 1836, Josiah Webber (1). 

21. ii. Louisa J., b. Sept. 26, 1812; d. Oct. 16, 1892; m. (1) May 9, 

1839, Jonathan L., son of William and Rebecca (Lovejoy) 
Cogswell of Rindge; (2) Emerson Howe (J. 1). 



22. iii. James Franklin, b. Nov. 23, 1814.+ 

2Z. iv. Jesse Davis, b. Oct. 22, 1818; m. Rachel Golopen. He re- 
moved to the West. 

24. V. Mary R, b. July 20, 1820; m. (1) Apr. 5. 1845, Waiter Davis; 

(2) James Comee of Fitchburg, Mass. 

25. vi. Andrew, b. Nov. 13, 1822.+ 

26. vii. Sarah Ann, b. New Ipswich, Feb. 1, 1825; m. Nov. 15, 1848, 

George Henry Ramsdell (10). 

27. viii. George Washington, b. New Ipswich, Apr. 11, 1827; m. 

May 28, 1850, Diana P., dau. of Paul and Hannah R. 
(Hannaford) Boyce (3). Res. Peterboro. 

28. ix. Sylvia Maria, b. Nov. 17, 1829; m. Oct. 3, 1848, David 

Thomas of Woodstock, Vt. Some years later he was pro- 
prietor of a restaurant beneath Union Hall. 

29. X. Harriet Elizabeth, b. Mason, Apr. 5, 1834; m. July 2, 1857, 

Horace Eugene Evans. Res. in Townsend, Mass. 

13. Joseph^ (Zebulon^, Andrew^ Andrew^ Lot*, John^, 
Lot^ Rog-er^), b. Concord, Mar. 31, 1781; m. (1) Sept. 18, 
1806, Patience Sawyer of Bolton, Mass. [b. May 10, 1782; d. 
May 20, 1845] ; (2) Dec. 25, 1845. Nancy (Simonds) Puffer. 
He went to Bolton, but soon removed to Leominster, Mass., 
v/here he was a shoe manufacturer. He had eight children. 

19. Andrew^ (Zebulon^ Andrew*', Andrew^ Lot*, John^ 
Lot^ Roger^), b. Feb. 12, 1796; m. Emily Farnsworth [b. July, 
1799]. He succeeded to his father's farm, remaining upon it 
until about 1840, when he removed to Lunenburg, Mass. He 
was selectman the last two years before his removal. Chil- 
dren : 

30. i. Lovander Wright, b. 1820; d. about 1901; m. Adeline Hey- 

wood of Lunenburg, Mass., where he kept a country store. 
Two children. 

31. ii. Charles Farnsworth, b. 1821. -j- 

2)2. iii. Andrew Philander, b. May 8, 1823. + 

ZZ. iv. Samuel Stillman, b. Mar., 1825; d. about 1902. 

34. V. SuSan E., b. 1827; m. Edward Grossman of Fitchburg, Mass. 

35. vi. Lucy Hale, b. 1829; m. George P. Kingsbury of Leominster, 


36. vii. Adoniram Judson, b. Apr. 30, 1831. -|- 

2)1 . viii. Emily Hazelton, b. 1833 ; m. George Searles of Leominster, 

38. ix. James Quincy, b. Apr. 13, 1835. -(- 

39. X. Mary Ann, b. 1837; m. J. A. Marshall of Leominster, Mass. 

40. xi. George Washington, b. 1839. Lived in North Leominster, 

Mass. Two children. 

41. xii. Ellen Elizabeth, b. 1843; d. young. 

22. James Franklin^ (James^ Silas*', Andrew^, Lot*. John\ 
Lot^, Roger^), b. Nov. 23, 1814; d. July 16, 1880; m. Nelson, 


History of New Ipswich 

Nov. 5, 1839, Lucy, dau. of Isaac and Susanna (Cobb) Follett 
[b. Nov. 26, 1804; d. July 15, 1872]. He came to New Ipswich 
with his parents, and on reaching the age of manhood he 
settled in Stoneham, Mass. He was a shoemaker. Children : 

42. i. Calvin Harrison, b. Aug. 29, 1841. 

43. ii. Lucy Ann Seba, b. Nov. 27, 1845; m. Jaquith. Res. in 

Reading, Mass. 

25. Andrew* (James^, Silas", Andrew^, Lot*, John^, Lot^, 
Roger^), b. Nov. 13, 1822; m. Brattleboro, Vt., July 3, 1846. 
Margaret Annie, dau. of Edward and Martha Chadwell [b. 
Mar. 12, 1831]. He came to New Ipswich with his parents 
and in early manhood settled in Nashua. He was a cigar 
maker. Children : 

44. i. Edward Andrew, b. New Ipswich, July 31, 1851. 

45. ii. Nellie Frances, b. Nashua, Aug. 30, 1861 ; d. June 22, 1863. 

31. Charles F.'^ (x^ndrew®, Zebulon'', Andrew*^, Andrew^, 
Lot*, John^ Lot2, Roger^), b. 1821; m. Ora Burt, dau. of 
Lyman Bruce. He was in the employ of a large company 
for the manufacture of carriages in Leominster, Mass. Chil- 
dren : 

46. i. Charles Edward, b. Mar. 27, 1849. 

47. ii. Henry Lyman, b. Aug. 10, 1852. 

32. Andrew P.^ (Andrew*, Zebulon'^, Andrew", Andrew^, 
Lot*, John^ Lot-, Roger^), b. May 8, 1823; m. (1) name un- 
known ; (2) Aug. 14, 1854, Elizabeth Adelina, dau. of John 
and Mary Littlefield of Norridgewock, Me. He owned a 
sawmill at Leominster, Mass., for a time, and then removed 
to Terre Haute, Ind., where he had a flour mill and was also 
proprietor of a mineral spring. Children : 

48. i. Austin. 

49. ii. Ella. 

50. iii. Martha Ella Cobleigh. 

51. iv. Ollie Adelina, b. May 29, 1857. 

52. V. Ossian Aconda Cromwell, b. Dec. 14, 1862. 

53. vi. Ariel Hugo, b. Dec. 29, 1864; d. young. 

36. Adoniram^ (Andrew*, Zebulon'^. Andrew", Andrew^, 
Lot*, John^ Lot^, Roger^), b. Apr. 30, 1831; m. Feb. 11, 1864, 
Roxanna, dau. of John Cromwell of Norridgewock, Me. He 
removed with his parents to Leominster, Mass., and thence 
to Kuttawa, Ky., where he was a miller. He there married 
a second and third time. Child : 

54. i. Ada, b. June 2, 1869. 



38. James Quincy^ (Andrew^ Zebulon^ Andrew^ An- 
drew^ Lot*, John^ Lot^ Roger^), b. Apr. 13, 1835; m. Apr. 
30, 1861, Clara Ann, dau. of Oliver and Clarissa D. (Stone) 
Hall [b. Worcester, Mass., Mar. 31, 1841]. He was a grocer 
and later a railroad station agent at Mason Village (now 
Greenville), and is now a merchant at Leominster, Mass. 
Children : 

55. i. Minnie Barbara, b. Nov. 14, 1862; d. Dec. 25, 1<S73. 

56. ii. Alice Cornelia, b. Oct. 31, 1864; m. Howard E. Mead, a 

piano maker at Leominster, Mass. Two children. 

57. iii. Gertrude Clar.\, b. Feb. 22, 1871; d. Jan. 12, 1874. 

58. iv. Lillian Adeline, b. Sept. 12, 1873. 


Aaron' Cooke, b. about 1610; d. Sept. 5, 1690; m. (1) a dau. of 
Thomas Ford; (2) Joan, dau. of Nicholas Denslow [d. 1676]; (3) Eliza, 
dau. of John Nash of New Haven, Ct. ; (4) Rebecca, dau. of Nathaniel 
Foot and widow of Philip Smith of Hadley, Mass. He came from Eng- 
land about 1630 and settled in Dorchester, Mass., removing to Windsor, 
Ct., about seven years later, and thence in 1660 to Northampton, Mass., 
where he passed his remaining years except about ten years in Westfield, 
Mass. He was a farmer in Westfield and also an inn-keeper, and in all 
places an influential man. He rose from private to major, was select- 
man and representative, and an associate justice. 

Aaron- (Aaron'), bapt. Feb. 21, 1640; d. Sept. 16, 1716; m. May 30, 
1661, Sarah, dau. of William Westwood [b. 1644; d. Mar. 24, 1730]. He 
res. in Hadley. Mass., which town he represented in the Legislature. He 
was selectman many years and also held the ofiice of captain. 

Westwood' (Aaron', Aaron'), b. Mar. 29, 1670/1; d. June 3, 1744; m. 
1692, Sarah Colman [d. after Feb., 1756]. He was selectman and also 

NoAH^ (Westwood', Aaron^ Aaron'), b. Apr. 5, 1694; d. June 17, 
1760; m. (1) 1716, Sarah Marsh [d. Sept., 1746]; (2) 1747, Esther Chapin. 

Noah"* (Noah^ Westwood^ Aaron', Aaron'), b. Feb. 12, 1730; d. 
Apr. 8, 1796; m. Oct. 23, 1748, Kezia Parsons of Northampton, Mass. 
He was a lieutenant. Res. at Hadley. 

1. Noah*' (Noah^ Noah*, Westwood^ Aaron-, Aaron^), b. 
Oct. 8, 1749; d. Oct. 15, 1829; m. Jan. 11, 1784, Mary Rock- 
wood [b. about 1746; d. Oct. 21, 1801]. He graduated from 
Harvard College in 1769. afterward studied divinity and was 
licensed to preach in 1771. He was a chaplain in the Revo- 
lutionar}^ army for five years, retiring from' that position in 
1780 and soon commencing the study of law. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1784 and practiced in this town until 1791, 
when he removed to Keene and there passed the rest of his 


History of New Ipswich 

life. He built for his New Ipswich home the house on the 
north side of the old country road, and near the meeting- 
house on the hill, which was long occupied by Stephen F. 
Preston and his son Edward F. Children : 

2. i. Noah, b. Sept. 16, 1785 ; d." Oct. 2, 1791. 

3. ii. JosiAH Parsons, b. Feb. 15, 1787.-}- 

4. ill. Polly, b. Aug. 13, 1788. 

5. iv. Noah Rockwood, b. June 17, 1792; d. July 21, 1872; m. Mar. 

12, 1850, Maria Louisa L. Mead of Walpole. 

3. JosiAH Parsons^ (Noah^ Noah^ Noah^ Westwood^ 
Aaron^, Aaron^), b. Feb. 15, 1787; m. Dec. 7, 1826, Mary, dau. 
of John Pratt of Boston. He graduated from Dartmouth Col- 
lege in 1807, studied law in his father's office, was admitted 
to the bar at Boston in 1810, and passed his life in that city 
as a successful member of the legal profession. 

6. JosiAH Parsons^ (Josiah Parsons^ Noah*', Noah^ Noah*, 
Westwood^ Aaron^, Aaron^), b. Oct. 12, 1827; d. Sept. 3, 
1894. He graduated from Harvard College in 1848, was a 
tutor there in 1849, and was appointed professor of Chemistry 
and Mineralogy the following year. In 1851 he established 
what is believed to have been the first chemical laboratory for 
undergraduate work instituted in any American college, in 
which Charles W. Eliot, afterward president of Harvard, was 
one of his earliest students. He lived to see the number of 
desks provided for that work, which seven years later num- 
bered only forty-six, increased to four hundred and sixty, and 
he is credited with giving to chemistry its true place as an 
exact and disciplinary study. He was popular as a lecturer, 
and his scientific publications were recognized as authori- 


John' Cragin, b. about 1634; d. Jan. 27, 1708; m. Nov. 4, 1661, Sarah 
Dawes [b. England, Dec. 23, 1625]. He was born in southern Scotland, 
and was sent to America as a prisoner of war by Cromwell in 1652. He 
had smallpox on the passage and would have been thrown overboard but 
for the intercession of the young English woman whom he afterward 
married. Res. in Woburn, Mass. 

JoHN= (John'), b. Sept. 19, 1677; d. Jan. 26, 1703/4; m. Apr. 13, 1700, 
Deborah Skelton. Res. in Woburn. 

John" (John', John'), b. Mar. 25, 1701; d. Jan. 28, 1794; m. about 
1727, Judith, dau. of William and Dorothy Barker of Concord, Mass. [b. 
Jan. 7, 1701; d. Dec. 26, 1762]. Res. in that part of Concord which is 
now Acton, but after the death of his wife he removed to Temple, 

probably about 1769. 



John' (John', John', John'), b. Jan. 8, 1728/9; d. May 1, 1797; m. 

(1) Sept. 27, i/SS, Sarah Barrett of Chelmsford, Mass. [d. May 30, 1771] ; 

(2) about 1780, Sarah Spaulding [b. Townsend. Mass., about 1739; d. 
Aug. 26, 1833]. At an early date, probably before his father, he removed 
to Temple, and there passed his life. He was a deacon. 

Benjamin' (John', John', John'), b. July 8, 1740; m. May 2, 1766, 
Mercy Robinson [d. Apr. 20, 1816]. Res. in Temple and in that part of 
Mason which is now Greenville. 

1. Francis* (John^ John^, John^), b. Acton, Mass., Mar. 
2, 1742; d. Aug. 16, 1826; m. 1766, Elizabeth Law [b. about 
1743; d. about 1767] ; (2) 1773, Sibyl Piper [b. Acton, Feb. 20, 
1750; d. May 16, 1809]; (3) about 1810, Rebecca, widow of 
Charles Barrett (1). His oldest child was born in Acton, 
Mass., but all the others in Temple, to which town he removed 
at the same time as his father, and there passed over one- 
third of a century, representing the town in the Legislature 
several years, and holding other principal town offices. He 
enlisted several times for service during the Revolution. He 
came to New Ipswich about 1804, and lived on the Ephraim 
Adams farm, (21, N. D.,) until his third marriage, after which 
his home was in the older Barrett house situated next north of 
the later mansion. Children : 

3. i. Paul, b. Dec. 6, 1766; d. Mar. 17, 1853; m. Oct., 1793, Polly 

Whittemore. Res. Greenfield. 

4. ii. Francis, b. Oct. 24, 1773; d. Jan. 18, 1852; m. June 27, 1795, 

Sarah' Cummings (Archelaus", David', John', Isaac', Isaac') 
[b. about 1774; d. Mar., 1867]. Res. in Temple. 

5. iii. Silas, b. Apr. 16, 1775.+ 

6. iv. Stephen, b. Mar. 16, 1777.+ 

7. V. Sibyl, b. Dec. 12, 1778; d. Feb. 18, 1781. 

8. vi. Esther, b. Apr. 10, 1781 ; d. Mar. 16, 1846 ; m. Jan. 27, 1798, 

Artemas Wheeler [b. Temple, Mar. 7, 1774; d. Nov. 2, 
1848]. Res. Temple, Keene, and Groton. Nine children. 

9. vii. Joseph, b. Aug. 4, 1783.+ 

10. viii. Leonard, b. Aug. 29, 1785.+ 

11. ix. Anna, b. Mar. 24, 1789; d. Sept. 16, 1791. 

12. X. Isaiah, b. June 7, 1791.+ 

13. xi. Samuel, b. Jan. 24, 1794; m. (1) Dec. 22, 1817, Mary Camp- 

bell (4) ; (2) Dec. 26, 1848, widow S. H. Cooper. Res. 

Paper Mill Village. 
John" (John', John', John', John'), b. Mar. 18, 1769; d. June 21, 
1853; m. Dec. 1, 1788, Ruth, dau. of Ephraim' and Sarah (Conant) 
Heald (John', John', John') [b. July 23, 1772; d. Jan. 17, 1833]. Res. 
Temple, where he was a captain in the militia. 

2. Aaron^ (Benjamin*, John^ John^, John^), b. Apr. 16, 
1772; d. Feb. 13, 1849; m. Feb. 16, 1797, Sarah Wilkins of 



History of Ne^w Ipswich 

Carlisle, Mass. He removed to Rindge in 1812, came thence 
to New Ipswich about 1821, and seems to have lived in the 
Factory Village, as it was then termed, for a few years, after 
which he removed to New York state. Three children. 

5. SiLAS^ (Francis*, John^, John^ John^), b. Apr. 16, 1775; 
d. May 28, 1849; m. Nov. 20, 1797, Anna Prichard (12). He 
was a saddler and seems to have lived, for a few years after 
his marriage, in the "Stratton house," formerly standing just 
below the southeast corner of the old burying-ground on the 
hill, his shop being a short distance southward in a building 
now removed, but then the second southerly from the street 
crossing. After few years he removed to Billerica, Mass., 
and thence to Harvard, Mass., returning to New Ipswich about 
1836, after which he had his home in the brick house built 
by Abel Shattuck, a few rods southwesterly from the Con- 
gregational church. Children : 

15. i. Lorenzo Silas, b. Sept. 30, 1799.+ 

16. ii. Ann, b. Oct. 20, 1801; d. Aug. 14, 1843; m. Nov. 17, 1825, 

Stedman Houghton (3). 

17. iii. SoPHRONiA, b. July 18, 1805 ; d. Apr. 5, 1894, unm. She was 

a milliner at Shelburne Falls, Mass. 

18. iv. Elvira, b. Jan. 9, 1809; d. May 28, 1892, unm. She was also 

a milliner at Shelburne Falls, Mass. 

19. V. Elizabeth P., b. July 8, 1811; d. Mar. 26, 1850, unm. 

20. vi. Rebecca Barrett, b. Feb. 28, 1814; d. July 24, 1881; m. Jan. 

25, 1843, George W. Myrick [b. Dec. 14, 1805; d. Feb. 26, 
1896]. Res. at Shelburne Falls, Mass. Child: i. Stanley 
Cragin Myrick, b. Oct. 23, 1844; d. Nov. 23, 1855. 

6. Stephen^ (Francis*, John^, John^, John^), b. Mar. 16, 
1777; d. Oct. 29, 1821; m. May 30, 1799, Martha Kimball [b. 
Temple, Feb. 26, 1775; d. Jan. 4, 1831]. Res. Temple and 
Hancock. Children : 

21. i. Eveline, b. May 28, 1800; d. inf. 

22. ii. Caroline, b. Apr. 9, 1803; d. Jan. 30, 1851; m. Samuel Fisher. 

Two children. 

23. iii. Francis Kimball, b. Apr. 5, 1805. -j- 

24. iv. Franklin H., b. Feb. 14, 1807; d. May 26, 1810. 

25. V. Stephen Dexter, b. Apr. 2, 1812; m. June 18, 1838, Sarah B. 

Wall. Two children. 

9. Joseph^ (Francis*, John^, John^, John^), b. Aug. 4, 1783; 
d. Apr. 27, 1863; m. (1) Aug. 25, 1803, Hannah Patten [b. 
June 16, 1785; d. May 1, 1833] ; (2) May 8, 1835, widow Sarah 
Robinson [b. about 1787; d. Feb. 26, 1863]. He was a farmer 



in New Ipswich, first on the Ephraim Adams farm, (21. N. 
D.,) and later on the more easterly of the two Breed farms 
near the south line of the town, (80, A. D.) At about the 
time of his second marriage he removed to the former par- 
sonage just westward from the first Baptist church on the 
road to Smith Village, and here he passed his later years. 
Children : 

26. i. Hannah, b. Apr. 16, 1805; m. Feb. 15, 1831, Darius Welling- 

ton of Ashby, Mass. Res. at Memphis, Mo. Child : i. 
Henry D. Wellington. Res. Memphis, Mo. 

27. ii. GiLMAN, b. Aug. 5, 1807; d. Feb. 12, 1808. 

28. iii. RoxANNA, b. Feb. 9, 1809; d. Nov. 7, 1812. 

29. iv. Dorcas Barrett, b. July 26, 1811; d. Apr. 19, 1910; m. (1) 

Jan. .3, 1837, Edward H. Holden (9) ; (2) Sept. 24, 1845, 
James Hayward of Ashby, Mass. Children : i. Augusta 
H. Holden, b. Sept. 13, 1838; m. Francis W. Wright of 
Ashby; one daughter, ii. //. Cornelia Hayzvard, b. Aug. 
31, 1846; d. Feb. 1, 1859. iii. Charles E. Ha\ward, b. May 
16, 1848 ; d. Nov. 3, 1884 ; m. Anna Hurd ;" one son. iv. 
George E. Hayzvard. b. July 21, 1850; d. Aug. 15, 1873. 

30. V. Mary, b. Sept. 10, 1813; d. June 17, 1814. 

31. vi. James P., b. Apr. 17, 1815; d. Oct. 2, 1886; m. Charlotte 


32. vii. Hepzibah C, b. Apr. 26, 1817; d. Sept. 5, 1872. 

33. viii. John F., b. Oct. 10, 1829; d. Dec. 31, 1829. 

10. Leonard^ (Francis*, John^, John^, John^), b. Aug. 29, 
1785; m. 1805, A/[argaret Ritchie [b. Temple, Mar. 27, 1784; 
d. Westminster, Vt., Dec. 16, 1858]. He lived for several 
years after attaining his majority in or near the High Bridge 
Village, and later in the central southern portion of the town. 
His name disappears from the town records in 1819, but he 
is dismissed to the church at Westmoreland in 1833. His 
children are said to have been born in New Ipswich. Chil- 
dren : 

34. i. Philenia, b. Dec. 2, 1807; m. May 10, 1832, Thomas C. Elliot. 

Seven children. Res. Rumford, Me. 

35. ii. Sibyl, b. Apr. 20, 1809; m. Jan. 22, 1833, Luther Verrill. Res. 

for a time at Auburn, Me., but his seven children were 
born at Minot, Me. 

36. iii. William, b. Dec. 11, 1810; d. July, 1812. 

37. iv. Leonard, b. Dec. 29, 1812. Res. New Orleans. 

38. v. Seth B., b. Apr. 28, 1815; d. Nov. 3, 1858; m. (1) Oct. 10, 

1839, Sarah S. Chase; (2) Apr. 23, 1851, Susan M. Dig- 
gens. Res. Geneseo, III. Two children. 

39. vi. Edward, b. July 14, 1817; m. July 25, 1850. Cynthia V. New- 

man. Res. Geneseo, 111. 


History of New Ipswich 

40. vii. Sarah Ritchie, b. Nov. 19, 1822; m. Dec. 3, 1851, Daniel C. 

Wright. Res. Westminster, Vt. One son. 

41. viii. Harriet, b. Apr. 21, 1825; d. Aug. 10, 1855; m. June 12, 1851, 

Stephen K. Cobb. Res. Westminster, Vt. One daughter. 

12. Isaiah^ (Francis*, John^ JohnS John^, b. June 7, 1791 ; 
d. Aug., 1874; m. (1) Oct. 18, 1812, Hannah Hildreth [b. West- 
ford, Mass., June 1, 1791; d. Jan. 3, 1823] ; (2) Apr. 30, 1825, 
Sivona Davis (92). He was a shoemaker, living during some 
years of his early manhood at Alstead, but coming to New 
Ipswich about 1820. He lived for a time in the house next 
below the home of his brother Silas at the foot of Meeting- 
house Hill, but after the death of his first wife removed 
easterly past the street crossing to the large white house built 
by Jeremiah Prichard and long the home of the John P. Clark 
family. He also appears to have lived for a time on or near 
Page Hill, but about 1836 he removed to Groton, Mass., where 
he was a deacon. Children : 

42. i. Mary Louisa, b. Aug., 1813; d. Oct., 1814. 

43. ii. Mary Reed. b. Nov., 1814; d. Aug., 1818. 

44. iii. Charles Hartwell, b. Sept. 7, 1817; m. (1) Oct. 2, 1845. 

Mary McKenney; (2) Apr. 16, 1857, Henrietta F. McKen- 
ney. Res. Georgetown, D. C. Six children. 

45. iv. Isaiah Luther, b. Aug. 2, 1819; m. June 2, 1842, Sarah A. 

Loring. Res. Groton, Mass. 

46. V. Esther Maria, b. Nov. 8, 1826; m. Nov. 5, 1848, Roswell B. 

Hodge. Res. Groton, Mass. Three children. 

47. vi. Asenath Taylor, b. June 11, 1828; m. (1) Sept. 29, 1852, 

Samuel C. Wheeler; (2) Apr. 21, 1859, Isaac Grout. Res. 
Putney, Vt. 

48. vii. Rodney Dennis, b. Aug. 16, 1831. Res. Groton, Mass. 

49. viii. Amelia, b. Apr. 12, 1833; d. Dec. 8, 1859; m. Sept. 25, 1858, 

George Billings. Res. Groton, Mass. 

50. ix. Joseph Davis, b. Jan. 1, 1838. Res. Groton, Mass. 

51. X. George Kendall, b. Aug. 16. 1840. Res. Groton, Mass. 

52. xi. Francis Wheeler, b. Apr. 25, 1844. Res. Groton, Mass. 

14. JoHN« (John^ John*, John^, John^, John^), b. Jan. 16, 
1797; d. Apr. 2, 1858; m. (1) Frances Louisa Reed [b. about 
1806; d. July 29, 1837] ; (2) 1838, Caroline Elizabeth Reed [b. 
Mar. 27, 1808; d. Oct. 26, 1886]. He lived upon the family 
homestead in Temple, never removing to New Ipswich, but 
his family came to the town soon after his death. Children : 

53. i. John Wisner, b. Jan. 1, 1831; d. Mar. 18, 1860. He was a 

graduate of St. Charles (Mo.) College and afterward a 
professor in the same. 

54. ii. Samuel Stuart, b. July 10, 1832; d. Mar. 27, 1842. 



55. iii. Sarah Frances, b. Feb. IS, 1834; d. Mar. 30, 1908; m. Peter 

Brown of Watervalley, Minn. [d. Dec. 7, 1872]. Child: 
i. Charles Peter Brown. 

56. iv. Charlotte Maria, b. Aug. 22, 1836; d. Apr. 4, 1842. 

57. V. Caroline Louisa, b. July 10, 1837; d. Aug. 9, 1853. 

58. vi. Abner Payson, b. June 13, 1839; d. Aug. 3, 1863. He served 

in the Civil War in the 13th New Hampshire Regiment, and 
died of disease contracted while in service. 

59. vii. Charlotte Stuart, b. Feb. 6, 1843; d. Oct. 20, 1877; m. Burt 

Johnson of Providence, R. I. [d. Dec. 8, 1878]. Children: 
i. Arthur E. Johnson, b. July 20, 1870; d. May 16, 1890. ii. 
William Burt Johnson. Res. Chicago, 111. 

60. viii. Samuel Arthur, b. Oct. 18, 1845; d. Nov. 27, 1870. 

61. ix. Edward Stuart, b. Apr. 20, 1848.-}- 

15. Lorenzo Silas^ (Silas^, Francis*, John^, John-, John^), 
b. Sept. 30, 1799; d. Nov. 25, 1876; m. Nov. 21, 1824, Susan 
Tyler. He was engaged in mercantile business in Boston. 
Children : 

62. i. Lorenzo, b. about 1826; d. St. John, N. B., Aug. 27, 1875; 

m. Louisa Simmons of Roxbury, Mass. He was a lawyer. 
Three children. 

63. ii. Henry, m. Abby Blanchard of Roxbury, Mass. Two or more 


23. Francis Kimball^ (Stephen^ Francis*, JohnS John^, 
John^), b. Apr. 5, 1805; d. Jan. 1, 1887; m.. (1) Mar. 26, 1829, 
Lucy Preston (40) ; (2) Oct. 24, 1837, Maria Louisa Champ- 
ney (17). He lived in Hancock until 1861, when he removed 
to Woburn, Mass. Children : 

64. i. Mary Jane, b. Jan. 14, 1830; unm. She was a teacher in 

Wheaton Female Seminary. 

65. ii. Lucy Maria, b. Oct. 13, 1836; m. Charles Cole of Woburn, 

61. Edward Stuart^ (John«, John^ John*, John^ John^, 
John^), b. Apr. 20, 1848; m. Oct. 21, 1886, Caroline Elizabeth, 
dau. of Caleb G. and Henrietta (Shattuck) (109) Weaver of 
Lowell, Mass. [b. Apr. 4, 1850]. He is engaged in the publi- 
cation of music in New York city, being a director of the 
Ditson Company, and also treasurer of the Music Publishers' 
Association. Child: 

66. i. Horace Stuart, b. June 28, 1889. He graduated from Am- 

herst College in 1910. 


History of New Ipswich 


Isaac' Cummings, b. 1601; d. May, 1677. He is believed to have 
come from England in 1627, and to have settled in Salem, Mass., where, 
however, he did not permanently reside. He was a proprietor of Water- 
town, where he had a grant of land in 1636. He had a house lot in 
Ipswich Village, where he was a "commoner" in 1641. In 1652 he was in 
Topsfield, where his later years were passed. He was moderator there 
in 1676, and a deacon for many years. His wife is not known. 

John' (Isaac'), b. 1630; d. Dec. 1, 1700; m. Sarah, dau. of Thomas 
and Alice (French) Hewlett of Ipswich [d. Dec. 7, 1700]. He succeeded 
to his father's land, but he had removed to Boxford about 1657, and 
about 1680 to Dunstable, where he was one of the first settlers and a 

John' (John', Isaac'), b. Boxford, 1657; m. Sept. 13, 1680, Elizabeth, 
dau. of Samuel and Hannah (Brackett) Kinsley [b. Braintree, Nov. 22, 
1657; d. July 3, 1706]. He lived in that part of Dunstable which is now 
Nashua, N. H., where his wife was killed by the Indians, and he was 
wounded at the same time. 

John* (John^ John^ Isaac'), b. July 7, 1682; d. Apr. 27, 1759; m. 
Oct. 2, 1705, Elizabeth, dau. of Peletiah' (Thomas', Henry') and Ruth 
Adams of Chelmsford [b. Apr. 26, 1680; d. Apr. 30, 1759]. He resided in 
that part of Chelmsford which is now Westford and his farm, in part still 
occupied by a descendant, included the land around the present railroad 
station. He was a selectman and town clerk and was the first deacon 
chosen by the church. 

William' (John^ John', Isaac'), b. Apr. 24, 1702; d. Aug. 29, 1757; 
m. Sarah, dau. of William and Esther Harwood [b. Dunstable, June 26, 
1706; d. 1769]. He settled on the east bank of the Merrimac river in 
that part of Dunstable which is now Hudson, N. H. He was a member 
of both of the expeditions of Capt. Lovewell against the Indians in 1725, 
but a severe lameness compelled him to return before the disastrous 
issue of the second one. 

John' (John^ John^ John', Isaac'), b. June 1, 1710; d. Sept. 20, 1789; 
m. Jan. 28, 1736, Sarah, dau. of Eleazer and Mary Lawrence of Littleton, 
Mass. [b. about 1716; d. Oct. 3, 1799]. He settled in Groton, Mass., and 
there passed most of his active life, but in his later years removed to 
Hancock, N. H., where he died. He served in the French and Indian 
and the Revolutionary wars, and bore the title of lieutenant. 

1. Samuel^ (John*, John^, John^, Isaac^), b. Sept. 18, 1718; 
d. June 9,, 1796; m. Dec. 1, 1741, Sarah, dau. of Dea. Andrew^ 
and Abigail Spaulding [b. June 9, 1723; d. Nov. 23, 1801]. 
He was a farmer in Westford, where most if not all of his 
children were born, and he perhaps lived for a time in Dunsta- 
ble, but his name appears on the New Ipswich records in 
1772 and remains for thirteen years. He removed to Cornish, 
N. H., and there passed the later years of his life. Soon after 
his arrival in New Ipswich he bought the Zachariah Adams 



(H. 2) sixty acres of land, and he rebuilt the mills at the 
Smith Village previovisly owned by Mr. Adams, but burned 
two or three years before. Children : 

3. i. Samuel, b. Nov. 18, \742.-\- 

4. ii. Abigail, b. Jan. 23, 1745. 

5. iii. Sarah, b. May 18, 1747. 

6. iv. Benjamin, b. Dec. 28, 1749; d. Oct. 2, probably 1750. 

7. V. Betsey, b. June 28, 1752; d. Nov., 1810; m. William Farris 


8. vi. Benjamin, b. Mar. 29, 1755.+ 

9. vii. Mary, b. Dec. 16, 1757; d. Feb. 26, 1812; m. Feb. 5, 1781, 

Ebenezer Fletcher (14). 

10. viii. Andrew, b. Feb. 16, 1761; d. Oct. 1, 1775. 

11. ix. Warren, b. Oct. 16, 1768.+ 

Ebenezer' (William\ John^ John^ Isaac'), b. Jan. 29, 1730; m. (1) 
Sarah, dau. of Stephen and Sarah (Hale) Chase [b. about 1726; d. Nov., 
1772] ; (2) Apr. 12, 1774, Sarah Stevens. He spent his life upon the 
homestead of his father in Hudson, N. H. He was an influential citizen, 
and a deacon for a long time. He represented the town in the Constitu- 
tional Convention in 1788. 

2. Eleazer'^ (John^ John*, John^, John-, Isaac^), b. Groton, 
Mass., Nov. 15, 1739; d. Aug. 3, 1815; m. (1) Feb. 15, 1764, 
Sarah Reed of Littleton, Mass. [b. 1736; d. Apr. 4, 1802]; 
(2) June 6, 1803, widow Mary (Read) Russell of Westford. 
He came to New Ipswich in 1765 and settled on the "John 
Knowlton farm" (76, A. D.) In 1768 he bought the land and 
mills of John Chandler, and afterward other adjoining land 
sufficient to make his possessions amount to four hundred 
acres. He erected new buildings, adding a malt-house, a lin- 
seed oil mill, and an oatmeal factory, supplying as distant 
points as Boston. He served in the Revolution, responding 
to the Concord alarm as a private, but is recorded as a captain 
in the following December. Children : 

12. i. Molly, b. Dec. 2, 1764; d. Feb. 23, 1845; m. James Barr (1). 
Aaron, b. Dec. 22, 1765 ; d. June 17, 1766. 
Matilda, b. June 11, 1768; d. Aug. 27, 1833; m. Feb. 9, 1790, 

Timothy Wheelock (5). 
Charles, b. Dec. 7, 1770.+ 
Deidamia, b. Sept. 30, 1772 ; d. Dec. 24, 1840 ; m. Feb. 16, 1792, 

William Prichard (6). 

17. vi. Lavina, b. Nov. 4, 1774; d. 1846; m. Feb. 11, 1796, Samuel 


18. vii. Barnard, b. Jan. 14, 1777; d. Feb. 2, 1777. 

3. Samuel^ (SamueP, John*, John^ John^, Isaac^), b. Nov. 
18, 1742; d. Jan. 16, 1826; m. (1) 1765, Sarah Butterfield of 




















History of New Ipswich 

Dunstable [b. July 4, 1745 ; d. Aug. 31, 1804] ; (2) Mrs. Lydia 
Pollard; (3) Mrs. Lucy Willard. He settled in Packersfield, 
now Nelson, N. H., where he lived twenty-five years or longer, 
and then removed to Cornish, N. H. Children : 

19. i. Sally, b. July 7, 1766; d. Dec. 17, 1842; m. Feb. 19, 1786, 

Jonathan Morse. 
Leonard, b. Dec. 5, 1769.-J- 
Betty, b. Feb. 23, 1772; d. Aug. 9, 1825; m. Feb. 23, 1794, 

Rufus, son of Peltiah and Mary (Kjiapp) Day, a farmer at 

Cornish, N. H. Eight children. 
Andrew, b. Oct. 9, 1776.+ 
Keen, b. June 24, 1779.+ 
Charlotte, b. Dec. 15, 1782; d. Sept. 16, 1820; m. Feb. 4, 

1807, Caleb Burk. 

25. vii. Rebecca, b. June 18, 1786; d. Aug. 26, 1834; m. Nov. 23, 1809, 

Isaac French. Four children. 

26. viii. Sophia, b. Apr. 10, 1789; d. Sept. 5, 1853; m. Feb. 24, 1814, 

Amos Richardson of Cornish, N. H. Eight children : 

8. Benjamin^ (Samuel^, John*, John^, John^ Isaac^), b. 
Mar. 29, 1755; d. Apr. 14, 1813; m. Sept. 5, 1776, Mary, dau. 
of John and Mary (Sherman) Cooper [b. July 20, 1753 ; d. 
Dec. 13, 1843]. Res. Cornish, N. H. Children: 

27. i. Peninnah, b. June 20, 1777; d. Mar. 11, 1810; m. Dec. 14, 

1800, Chester Weld. Four children. 
Samuel, b. Nov. 3, 1778.+ 
Polly, b. Feb. 17, 1781, d. Aug. 30, 1847; m. Mar. 1, 1801, 

Luther Bingham. Res. Morristown, Vt. Six children. 
Sherman, b. Jan. 9, 1783.-|- 
Andrew, b. May 6, 1785.+ 
Fenno, b. Mar. 21, 1787.+ 
Benjamin, b. Apr. IS, 1789.+ 

34. viii. Betsey, b. Apr. 3, 1791; d. Aug. 17, 1869; m. Feb. 26, 1818, 

Moody Smith. 

35. ix. Susan, b. Apr. 4, 1793; d. Dec, 1863; m. June 25, 1829, 

James Sperry. Res. Claremont, N. H. 

36. X. A son, b. Oct. 13, 1795; d. Oct. 13, 1795. 

37. xi. A son, b. Oct. 13, 1795; d. Oct. 14, 1795. 

38. xii. Julia D. Robigne, b. Apr. 12, 1799; d. May 2, 1858; m. Dec. 

27, 1815, Jacob Newell of Lyme, N. H. Seven children. 

11. Warren^ (SamueP, John*, John^ John^ Isaac^), b. 
Oct. 16, 1768; d. Dec. 12, 1853; m. May 28, 1789, Mary, dau. 
of Capt. Joseph and Elizabeth (Sumner) Taylor of Cornish, 
N. H. [b. Sept. 18, 1768; d. Nov. 6, 1849]. He was a mechanic 
and farmer at Cornish. Children: 

39. i. Sally, b. July 10, 1791; d. Nov. 19, 1872; m. William Daily of 

Bridgewater, Vt. 















40. ii. William Sumner, b. Apr. 8, 1793; d. Mar. 2, 1875; m. Nov. 

19, 1821, Susan Gates. 

41. iii. Betsey, b. Apr. 6, 1795; d. Mar. 10, 1863; m. Nov. 19, 1821, 

David Smith. Res. Nev^'ton, Mass., and Sparta, N. J. 
Seven children. 

42. iv. Warren Spaulding, b. June 14, 1797; d. Dec. 1, 1818, unm. 

43. V. Taylor Oilman, b. May 15, 1799; d. Aug. 18, 1803. 

44. vi. Joseph Sidney, b. Apr. 26, 1801; d. Oct. 21, 1884; m. Jan. 22, 

1834, Lydia D., dau. of Andrew and Lydia (Jackson) 

45. vii. Hermon Hunt, b. Apr. 9, 1803; d. Weathersfield, Vt., June 

30, 1870. He was colonel of the 15th N. H. Regt. 

46. viii. Oilman Taylor, b. July 30, 1805; d. Dec. 16, 1876; m. (1) 

May 26, 1832, Amy A. Lockwood ; (2) Sept. 1, 1834, Rhoda 
J. Worthington. Res. Metuchen, N. J. 

47. ix. Maria, b. Mar. 8, 1808; d. Mar. 25, 1876; m. Nov. 30, 1831, 

Joshua W. Bryant, a farmer of Bridgewater, Vt. Four 

48. X. Daniel Morris, b. May 16, 1810. 

49. xi. Albert Gallatin, b. Mar. 19, 1812. 

Samuel' (Ebenezer°, William^ John', John^ Isaac*), b. Apr. 6, 1781; 
d. Mar. 4, 1864; m. 1804, Johanna, dau. of William and Phebe (Gage) 
Wyman [b. Pelham, N. H., Mar. 8, 1780; d. Feb. 15, 1845]. He lived 
successively in Hudson, Antrim, and Hollis. 

15. Charles^ (Eleazer^, John^, John*, John^, John^, Isaac^), 
b. Dec. 7, 1770; d. Oct. 17, 1809; m. Sarah Willard of Nashua 
[b. about 1764; d. Mar. 21, 1867]. He seems to have passed 
his life in his native town, living near his father's mill and 
engaged in the industries conducted there. Children : 

51. i. Sarah, b. Oct. 31, 1792; d. July 10, 1861; m. Henry Campbell. 

52. ii. Hepsibeth, b. July 16, 1795; d. Sept. 17, 1874; m. Dec. 12, 

1820, Andrew, son of Dea. John and Polly (Bradford) 
Wallace, a lawyer and for many years clerk of court. Res. 
Amherst. Six children. 

53. iii. Mary, b. Nov. 12, 1797; d. July 4, 1859; m. David W. Russell. 

54. iv. Eliza, b. Feb. 2, 1800; d. Aug. 9, 1885; m. George Eliot. 

55. v. Catherine, b. June 29, 1802; d. Dec. 31, 1883; m. Dec. 29, 

1827, Salmon Rice. Five children. 

56. vi. Charles, b. July 15, 1804.+ 

57. vii. John Wu^lard, b. Oct. 29, 1806.+ 

20. Leonard^ (SamueP, SamueP, John^ John^, JohnS 
Isaac^), b. Dec. 5, 1769; d. Oct. 25, 1832; m. Sept. 20, 1791, 
Nelly Winch [b. Dec. 15, 1768; d. Dec. 30, I860]. He was a 
farmer and mechanic at Cornish. Children : 

58. i. Uriel, b. Feb. 28, 1793; d. Mar. 14, 1878; m. Feb. 28, 1814, 

Sarah Robinson. Eight children. 


History of New Ipswich 

59. ii. Cynthia, b. Mar. 18, 1795; d. Sept. 6, 1884; m. Feb. 10, 1814, 

Capt. Obed, son of Col. Samuel and Chloe (Cooper) Pow- 
ers. Five children. 

22. Andrew^ (SamueP, SamueP, John*, John^ John^, 
Isaac^), b. Oct. 9, 1776; d. July 11, 1853; m. (1) May 29, 1800, 
Lydia, dau. of Benjamin and Lydia (Peck) Jackson [b. Alay 
27, 1773; d. May 13, 1849]; (2) Mrs. Betsey Atwood. He 
was a carpenter and a builder at Cornish. Children : 

60. i. Farris, b. Feb. 20, 1801; d. Dec. 14, 1803. 

61. ii. Ursula, b. May 2, 1802; d. Sept. 5, 1803. 

62. iii. William Farris, b. Nov. 13, 1803; d. May 29, 1859; m. (1) 

Sept. 17, 1831, Abigail Bryant; (2) Mercy Jenne. Eight 

63. iv. SuLA BoLONA, b. Mar. 12, 1805; d. Apr. 30, 1867; m. Nov. 25, 

1830, Joseph Bryant, a farmer at Bridgewater, Vt. Six 

64. v. Lydia Delilah, b. Jan. 19, 1807; d. Sept. 19, 1872; m. Jan. 

22, 1834, Joseph F. Cummings. Res. Bridgewater, Vt. Six 

65. vi. Sophia Maria, b. Sept. 10, 1808; d. July 22, 1818. 

66. vii. Nellie Peninnah, b. Aug. 10, 1810; d. Aug. 2, 1838; m. 

Oct. 11, 1837, John G. Cross. One child. 

67. viii. Marcia Louisa, b. Oct. 13, 1812; d. Aug. 15, 1903; m. Jan. 25, 

1841, Bela J. Fletcher. Res. Claremont. She was a poetess 
of ability and local fame. One son. 

68. ix. Lucia Ann, b. Jan. 30, 1815; m. Mar. 5, 1846, Chauncey P. 

Jenny. Removed to Toledo, O. One son. 

23. Eben^ (Samuel^ SamueP, John*, John^, John-, Isaac^), 
b. June 24, 1779; d. Oct. 20, 1850; m. Nov. 2, 1806, Ursula, dau. 
of Stephen and Mercy (Chase) Child [b. June 2, 1785 ; d. June 
29, 1831]. He was a carpenter and farmer at Cornish, whence 
he removed to Hanover in 1850. He served as captain in the 
war of 1812. Children : 

69. i. Sarah, b. July 28, 1808; d. July 14, 1858, Palmyra, Mo., unm. 

70. ii. Maria, b. Dec. 3, 1809; d. Dec. 5, 1809. 

71. iii. Adaline, b. Feb. 6, 1812; d. Girard, Kan., Feb. 5, 1883; m. 

Aug. 5, 1861, William Metcalf. 

72. iv. Alice Chase, b. Sept. 16, 1813; d. Oct. 11, 1870; m. Sept. 25, 

1850, Dr. John B. Hayes of Palmyra, Mo. Two children. 
12). V. Dudley Chase, b. Mar. 19, 1815; d. Ottawa, Kan., Sept. 16, 
1891, unm. 

74. vi. George Philander, b. Aug. 27, 1820 ; m. June 23, 1861, Abigail 

Cornelius Walker. Four children. 

75. vii. Samuel Edward, b. Oct. 13, 1823; d. Apr. 2, 1894; m. Apr. 

26, 1852, Martha Cortz. Three children. 

28. Samuel^ (Benjamin'', Samuel^, John*, John^, John^ 
Isaac^), b. Nov. 3, 1778; d. Oct. 10, 1866; m. (1) Jan. 25, 1803, 



Lydia Marsh [b. Mar. 10, 1778; d. Aug. 24, 1813] ; (2) Mar. 
20, 1814, Martha Aiken; (3) Oct. 19, 1825, Auretta Hopkins 
[d. Apr. 8, 1829]. He settled in Berkshire, Vt., in 1803, but 
passed his later years with his youngest son in Waldo, Wis. 
Children : 

76. i. Julia Robigne, b. Nov. 17, 1803; d. Sept. 16, 1884; m. Elijah 

Chaflfee, a miller of Berkshire, Vt. Six children. 
n. ii. Polly, b. Jan. 26, 1805; d. Aug. 24, 1813. 

78. iii. RoxALANiA, b. Mar. 11, 1808; m. Oct. 24, 1837, David Babcock 

of Georgia, Vt. Five children. 

79. iv. Rosalinda, b. Dec. 30, 1811; d. Mar. 20, 1879; m. 1829, 

Bandana Smith, a clothier of Enosburg, Vt. T^no children. 

80. v. Henry, b. Aug. 2, 1813; d. May 23, 1881; m. Jan. 7, 1840, 

Sarah Maria Moore. Six children. 

81. vi. Mary, b. May 24, 1816; m. Apr. 6, 1842, Chester Olmstead, 

a farmer at Franklin, Vt. Removed to Battle Creek, Mich. 
Five children. 

82. vii. Sherman, b. Dec. 17, 1818; m. Dec. 30, 1840, Elimina Eliza 

Stone. Three children. 

83. viii. Caroline R., b. Jan. 12, 1821; m. Apr. 6, 1840, H. Nelson 

Austin of Berkshire, Vt. Four children. 

84. ix. Sarah Fay, b. Aug. 30, 1826; d. Mar. 15, 1850; m. 1845, 

Daniel Willey of Waterville, Vt. Two children. 

85. X. Harvey, b. Dec. 6, 1827; m. (1) Sept. 12, 1852, Helen Marr 

Stone [d. Oct. 14, 1892]; (2) 1896, Martha A. Wagstaflf. 
Res. Waldo, Wis. A mechanic and farmer. 

30. Sherman^ (Benjamin'^, SamueP, John*, John^, John-, 

Isaac^), b. Jan. 9, 1783; d. Apr. 22, 1845; m. 1803, Betsey, 

dau. of Caleb and Catherine (Black) Smart [b. Croydon, Sept. 

13, 1782; d. Dec. 16, 1834]. He was a tanner and currier in 

Cornish and in Plainfield, Vt. Later he removed to Galesburg, 

111. Children: 

Orilla, b. May 13, 1804; d. Dec. 11, 1806. 

Harriet, b. Mar. 13, 1804; d. Oct. 30, 1887; m. Oct. 11, 1824, 

George Townsend [d. May 10, 1852] ; (2) Oct. 17, 1853, 

Linus Ellison. Seven children. 
Sherman Smart, b. Apr. 15, 1807; d. Sept. 17, 1813. 
Catherine Black, b. Feb. 27, 1809; m. Apr. 8, 1827, Reuben 

Storrs. Five children. 
Harris Newton, b. Jan. 28, 1811; d. Oct. 6, 1813. 
Betsey Orilla, b. Apr. 10, 1813; d. Dec. 11, 1852; m. Joseph 

Wiseman. One son. 

92. vii. Nancy Powers, b. Jan. 1, 1815; d. Feb. 13, 1888; m. (1) Dr. 
John Fox; (2) L. J. Fox. 

93. viii. James Ripley, b. Sept. 20, 1817; m. (1) Jan. 25, 1841, Lucy 
Jane Kingsley; (2) Mar. 11, 1876, Emma Root Mills. Four 














History of New Ipswich 

94. ix. Jerusha Martha, b. Aug. 20, 1819; d. Sept. 27, 1874; m. 

Loren Fox. 

95. X. A daughter, b. July 19, 1821; d. Oct. 8, 1821. 

96. xi. EvALiNE AsENATH, b. Jan. 7, 1824; m. Blackburn Browning 

Michols. Res. Muskegon, Mich., and Galesburg, Mich. One 

31. Andrew^ (Benjamin®, SamueP, John*, John^, John-, 
Isaac^), b. May 6, 1785; d. Mar. 5, 1854; m. Sept. 10, 1809, 
Betsey (Jewett), widow of John Parker [b. Feb. 28, 1784; d. 
Apr. 6, 1864]. He was a farmer in Berkshire, Vt. He served 
as a sergeant in the war of 1812. Children : 

97. i. Benjamin, b. Dec. 2, 1810; d. Oct. 26, 1872; m. Jan. 7, 1835, 

Mary Huntington. Ten children. 

98. ii. Elam Jewett, b. Apr. 22, 1812; d. Nov. 23, 1894; m. Feb. 1, 

1839, Fanny Woodbury Fletcher (185). Four children. 

99. iii. Jane C, b. Mar. 2, 1814; d. Apr. 12, 1864; m. James Follett, 

a farmer in Central Ohio. Six children. 

100. iv. Andrew Clinton, b. Dec. 27, 1818; m. Feb. 25, 1840, Amanda 

Janes. Seven children. 

101. V. William, b. Dec. 22, 1820; d. Apr. 6, 1823. 

102. vi. Horace, b. Mar. 10, 1823; d. Aug. 14, 1823. 

103. vii. William Alexander, b. May 8, 1826; m. Mary C. Fletcher 

(189). Two children. 

32. Fenno^ (Benjamin^ SamueP, John*, John^, JohnS 
Isaac^), b. Mar. 21, 1787; d. Jan. 24, 1830; m. 1809, Rebecca, 
dau. of Caleb and Catherine (Black) Smart [b. July 25, 1788; 
d. Oct., 1865; m. (2) Rev. Jonathan Kinney of Plainfield, Vt.J. 
He was a tanner and currier in company with his brother 
Sherman in Cornish and in Plainfield, and after 1815 without 
a partner in Berlin, Vt. He was a deacon. Children : 

104. i. A son, b. Mar. 14, 1810; d. Apr. 4, 1810. 

105. ii. Peninnah, b. Dec. 1, 1811; d. Apr. 16, 1816. 

106. iii. A son, b. Jan., 1813; d. Feb. 1, 1813. 

107. iv. William Freeman, b. Jan. 18, 1814; m. (1) May 7, 1835, 

Adaline Tenney; (2) 1852, Emeretta Humphrey. Two 

108. V. Mary Louisa, b. Jan. 19, 1816; m. Sept. 25, 1836, Harry 

Hovey, son of Israel and Nancy (Hovey) Dewey, a farmer 
in Berlin and Lunenburg, Vt., and after 1863 in Iowa and 
Illinois. Five children. 

109. vi. A daughter, b. and d. Oct. 18, 1817. 

110. vii. A daughter, b. and d. Oct. 18, 1817. 

111. viii. Ursula Frances, b. Nov. 16, 1818; d. Dec. 25, 1866; m. Mar. 

9, 1837, Oliver, son of William and Abigail (Flagg) Dewey, 
a farmer in Berlin, Vt. Four children. 

112. ix. Orrel Farris, b. Sept. 12, 1820; m. May 1, 1845, Bela M. 

Howard, a farmer at Sheffield, 111. Six children. 



113. X. Ednah, b. Aug. 19, 1822; m. May 1, 1845, William M. 

Whipple, a farmer of Croydon, and member of the legis- 

114. xi. Fenno Lafayette, b. Aug. 23, 1824; m. Nov. 30, 1848, Annie 

Carpenter. Two children. 
lis. xii. Erasmus Darwin, b. June 17, 1826; d. July 10, 1902; m. 
Jan. 20, 1848, Caroline Susan Smart. Four children. 

116. xiii. A son, b. Mar. 13, 1826; d. Apr. 4, 1828. 

117. xiv. Hiram Smart, b. July 2, 1829; m. (1) Aug. 26, 1851, Lucy 

Maria Wells; (2) June 13, 1868, Hattie S. Hartshorn. Six 

33. Benjamin^ (Benjamin®, SamueP, John*, John^ John^ 
Isaae), b. Apr. 15, 1789; d. Nov. 22, 1868; m. Nov. 30, 1815, 
Althea, dau. of James A. and Althea (Ripley) Wellman [b. 
Nov. 14. 1790]. He was a farmer of Cornish. Children: 

118. i. Benjamin Newton, b. Nov. 2, 1816; d. Nov. 17, 1899; m. (1) 

July 22, 1847, Betsey M. Righter; (2) Jan. 11, 1877, Mrs. 
Helen M. Lewis. Three children. 

119. ii. Mary Althea, b. Sept. 22, 1818; d. Mar. 17, 1861. 

120. iii. Charles Wellman, b. Apr. 23, 1822; m. Mar. 25, 1858, Laura 

F. Dewey [b. Feb. 20, 1840], dau. of Ursula F. Cummings 
(111) Dewey. One child. 

48. Daniel Morris^ (Warren®, SamueP, John*, John^, 
John^, Isaac^), b. May 16, 1810; d. Mar. 1, 1885'; m. Nov. 30, 
1836, Emily Maria Hamilton [b. Sharon, Vt., June 17, 1814; 
d. Feb. 11, 1895]. He was a general mechanic, machinist, and 
inventor. After several removals he settled in 1852 at Enfield. 
Children : 

121. i. Owen Taft, b. Dec. 5, 1837; m. Dec. 5, 1866, Mary Elizabeth 

Gate. Two children. 

122. ii. Emma Maria, b. Dec. 7, 1840; unm. Res. in Enfield. 

123. iii. Albert Gallatin, b. Nov. 8, 1842; m. Oct. 10, 1871, Nellie 

T. Currier. Four children. 

124. iv. Perley Martin, b. July 19, 1844; m. (1) Feb. 12, 1874, Eliza- 

beth Wanzer; (2) Nov., 1888, Mrs. Virginia Ellis. Three 

125. v. Homer Hamilton, b. Feb. 3, 1846; m. June 17, 1873, Sarah 

Cowden. Seven children. 

126. vi. Mary Anna, b. Apr. 18, 1848; d. Mar. 12, 1893, unm. 

127. vii. DiLLis Morris, b. Jan. 17, 1850 ; d. Aug. 23, 1853. 

128. viii. Cordelia Elizabeth, b. Jan. 1, 1852; d. Aug. 18, 1853. 

129. ix. Delia Minerva, b. Feb. 16, 1854; unm. Res. in Enfield. 

130. X. Walter Dillis, b. Nov. 12, 1856; d. Nov. 21, 1863. 

49. Albert Gallatin^ (Warren^ SamueP, John*, John^ 
John^, Isaac^), b. Mar. 19, 1812; d. June 17, 1886; m. June 10, 
1838, Cynthia Jewett Robbins [b. July 28, 1820; d. July 8, 


History of New Ipswich 

1900]. He was a clerg-yman in several places in New Hamp- 
shire and Massachusetts. Children : 

131. i. James, b. Mason, Nov. 2, 1839; d. Dec. 3, 1839. 

132. ii. Joseph Taylor, b. Salem. Mass. ; d. June 13, 1867 ; m. Apr. 

21, 1864, Sarah Elizabeth Dow. His death resulted from 
wounds received in the Civil War. 

133. iii. Mary Lydia, b. Boston, Jan. 25, 1844; d. June 22, 1873. 

134. iv. Albert Luther, b. Boston, May 21, 1846; m. Aug. 14, 1873, 

Emma J. Dow. Six children. 

135. V. Millie J., b. Mason, Dec. 3, 1848; d. May 3, 1891; m. Nov. 

11, 1874, Daniel E. Plummer. Two children. 

136. vi. Willis Johnson, b. Mason, Nov. 5, 1852; m. Oct. 4, 1888, 

Marianne B. Chase. 

137. vii. Carrie Wheaton, b. Freetown, Mass., Jan. 16, 1858; m. Nov. 

2, 1876, Charles K. Weeden. Two children. 

138. viii. Frederick Plummer, b. Freetown, Mass., Apr. 11, 1858; unm. 

Res. at Tacoma, Wash. 

139. ix. Earnest Smith, b. Lee, Oct. 1, 1860; d. Sept. 28, 1886. He 

graduated from Dartmouth College in 1884, and was em- 
ployed in the U. S. signal service. 

50. Seneca^ (Samuel®, Ebenezer^, William*, John^, John^, 
Isaac^), b. Antrim, May 16, 1817; d. New Ipswich, Aug. 12, 
1856; m. Oct. 28, 1847, Abigail Mary Stearns (20). He gradu- 
ated from Dartmouth College in 1844 and from Union Theo- 
logical Seminary in 1847. He sailed for China as a missionary 
of the American Board in October of that year, and remained 
as stationed at Foo Chow for seven years, when his health 
required a vacation and in 1855 he returned to America, and 
his expected return the following year was prevented by death. 
Children : 

140. i. Abby Lucinda, b. Oct. 3, 1850; d. Nov. 21, 1850. 

141. ii. George Seneca, b. Aug. 11, 1852; d. Sept. 28, 1857. 

142. iii. John Wyman, b. Sept. 16, 1854.+ 

56. Charles^ (Charles^ Eleazer", John^, John*, John^ 
John^ Isaac^), b. July 15, 1804; d. Belleville, 111., Feb. 10. 1845; 
m. Nov. 28, 1828, Mary, dau. of John and Mary (Morse) Bill- 
ings [b. Groton, Mass., Mar. 15, 1809]. He lived at Hancock 
during the early years of his manhood, but returned to New 
Ipswich about 1831 and was employed in the factory. Chil- 
dren : 

143. i. Mary Jane, b. Sept. 9, 1829; m. Nov. 19, 1852, George L. 


144. ii. Charles, b. Jan. 20, 1831; d. Mar. 8, 1857. 

57. John Willard^ (Charles^ Eleazer^ John^ John*, 
John^, John^, Isaac^), b. Oct. 29, 1806; d. Oct. 16, 1854; m. 



Maria, dau. of Thatcher and Mercy (Foster) Bradford [d. Jan. 
5, 1882]. He was a mason in Hancock, where he died. Chil- 
dren : 

145. i. Orville, d. young. 

146. ii. Maria, b. June 15, 1835; m. Aug. 11, 1859, J. Frank Washburn. 

147. iii. Fr.\nk M., b. Feb. 15, 1838; d. Gardner, Mass., Feb. 14, 1869; 

m. Jan. 1, 1866, Lydia F. Wells. Child: i. Elmer Lincoln. 
b. Jan. 5, 1868. He graduated from Harvard College. 

148. iv. Nettie Viola, b. June 27, 1842; m. (1) Nov. 16, 1854, Gran- 

ville Matthews; (2) Jan. 1, 1877, Otis Holden. Res. Acton, 

149. V. Belle S., b. Feb. 9, 1844; m. Jan. 4, 1866, Henry D. Estabrook 

of Lexington, Mass. One child. 

150. vi. James M., b. May 1, 1849; m. Oct. 12. 1876, Nellie Farrar. 

Res. Peterboro. 

151. vii. John O., b. Mar. 31, 1851; d. Jan. 22, 1875; m. Oct. 28, 1872, 

Annie Butler. Res. at Rockford, 111. 

142. John W.® (Seneca'^, Samuel'', Ebenezer^, William*, 
John^ John^, Isaac^), b. Foo Chow, China, Sept. 16. 1854; m. 
Harriet Ang-ie, dau. of Silas Boyce (11). He has been con- 
nected with the National Temperance Society for a long time 
and is now its treasurer. Res. Brooklyn, N. Y. Children : 

152. i. John Seneca, b. Dec. 22, 1875. 

153. ii. George Bain, b. Feb. 11, 1890. 


Matthew* Gushing, bapt. Hardingham, Norfolk, England, Mar. 2, 
1589; d. Sept. 30, 1660; m. Aug. 5, 1613, Nazareth, dau. of Henry Pitcher, 
bapt. Oct. 30, 1586; d. Sept. 30, 1660. He came to America with his wife 
and five children in 1638 and settled at Hingham, Mass.. where he was 
deacon. His house lot of five acres remained in the hands of his family 
until 1887. Hon. Caleb Gushing, U. S. minister to China, general in the 
Mexican War, and U. S. Attorney General was his descendant by the 
line John=, Caleb^ Caleb', Benjamin^ John N.°, Caleb'. 

Daniel' (Matthew*), bapt. Hingham, England, Apr. 20, 1619; d. 
Hingham, Mass., Dec. 3, 1700; m. (1) Lydia, dau. of Edward and Mary 
(Clark) Oilman [b. England; d. Hingham, Mass., Mar. 12, 1689]; (2) 
Mar. 23, 1691, Elizabeth, dau. of Nicholas and Mary Jacob and widow of 
Capt. John Thaxter [b. England; d. Hingham, Mass., Nov. 14, 1725]. He 
was a magistrate and for many years a selectman of Hingham, also town 
clerk and representative to the General Court. 

Matthew' (Daniel', Matthew*), b. July 5, 1660; d. June 23, 1715; m. 
Dec. 31, 1684, Jael, dau. of Capt. John and Mary (Russell) Jacob [b. 
Hingham, Sept. 7, 1662; d. Dec. 23, 1708]. He lived in the ancestral 
home at Hingham, where he was selectman, and also a captain. 

Samuel' (Matthew', Daniel', Matthew*), b. Feb. 4, 1699; m. (1) pub. 
Nov. 7, 1722, Hannah Tileston of Dorchester, Mass. [d. July 17, 1748] ; 


History of New Ipswich 

(2) Aug. 10, 1749, Mrs. Hannah Sparhawk of Scituate, Mass. He lived 
in that part of Hingham which is now Cohasset, where he was selectman 
and a justice. 

Timothy" (Samuel^ Matthew', Daniel', Matthew'), b. Feb. 2, 1738; 
m. June 4, 1765, Desire Jenkins of Scituate, Mass. He was a farmer and 
a carpenter. 

David' (Timothy", Samuel', Matthew', Daniel', Matthew'), b. Mar. 2, 
1771; m. May 29, 1800, Mary Pook of Boston. Res. in Ashby, Mass., 
where he was a farmer. 

1. Samuel^ (David^ Timothy^ Samuel*, Matthew^ Dan- 
ieP, Matthew^), b. Oct. 15, 1810; d. Nov. 25, 1861; m. Apr. 
10, 1834, Mary Ann Campbell (7). He came to New Ipswich 
in early manhood and passed his life as a farmer, for several 
years on the "Conant farm," (87, A. D.,) and after 1850 at the 
end of the road leading northward from the "Gibson school- 
house," (IV : 4, S. R.) Children : 

2. i. George W., b. Jan., 1836.+ 

3. ii. Ann Maria, b. Mar. 12, 1838; d. Nov. 8, 1861, unm. 

4. iii. Sarah Jane, b. Nov. 25, 1840; d. July 5, 1908; m. Jan. 1, 

1862, George H. Wheeler (121). 

5. iv. Charles G., b. Feb. 7, 1844.+ 

6. V. Henry, b. Apr. 1, 1846.+ 

7. vi. Emma M., b. Mar. 1, 1848; m. Mar. 2, 1866, George M., son 

of William and Lucretia Blanchard [d. June 29, 1886]. Res. 
Lynn, Mass. Children: i. Frank IV. Blanchard, h. Sept. 
19, 1867 ; m. Mabel Libbey of Lynn ; he is a traveling sales- 
man; res. Lynn. ii. George Ernest Blanchard. b. Feb. 28, 
1872; d. July 30, 1882. iii. Edith A. Blanchard, b. Aug. 7, 
1874; m. June 13, 1889, Percy DeCoster, a traveling sales- 
man; res. Lynn. iv. Elmer Blanchard, b. Feb. 26, 1877; d. 
June 9, 1877. 

8. vii. Frederic J., b. Mar. 4, 1850.+ 

9. viii. Ardella, b. Sept. 15, 1854; d. June 29, 1869. 

10. ix. Fannie, b. Oct. 7, 1858; m. May, 1884, John Woodman. He 

is in mercantile business in Lynn. Child: i. Florence 
Woodman, b. May, 1885. 

11. X. Samuel Ellsworth, b. Apr. 17, 1862; m. Aug. 10, 1892, Susie 

Sauble of Delaware, O. Res. at Lynn, where he was con- 
nected with the Lynn News. Later he removed to Straf- 
ford, where he is a farmer. 

2. George W.« (Samuel^ David«, Timothy^ SamuelS Mat- 
thew^, DanieP, Matthew^), b. Jan., 1836; d. Apr. 12, 1870; m. 
Nov. 23, 1862, Julia Whitney (26). He was a farmer, and 
succeeded to his father's farm. Children : 

12. i. Arthur Waldo, b. Feb. 20, 1864.+ 

13. ii. Frederic Augustus, b. Nov. 23, 1868; m. (1) Oct. 19, 1897, 

Ella M., dau. of Elias M. and Lucy J. (Waters) Hudson; 



(2) Sept. 17, 1909, Bessie M., dau. of Charles and Mary 
Helen (Flagg) Tarbell and widow of Walter N. Thomp- 
son. He is a farmer and for many years was in the employ 
of George S. Wheeler, but later purchased for his home 
the "SafFord farm," near the Congregational church, (VH : 
2, S. R.) He has been a selectman for three years. 

14. iii. Frances Ann, b. Nov. 23, 1868; m. Mar., 1906. Harry Emer- 

son Farnum of Peterboro. Res. at Cleveland, O. 

5. Charles G.^ (Samuel, David^, Timothy^, Samuel*, Mat- 
thew^ DanieP, Matthew^, b. Feb. 7, 1844; d. Feb. 3. 1900; m. 
Cora S. Eastman of Townsend, Mass. [d. 1896]. Res. in Lynn, 
Mass. Children : 

15. i. Carl. 

16. ii. Adelaide. 

17. iii. Bertha. 

18. iv. Josephine. 

6. Henry® (SamueF, David®, Timothy^, Samuel*, Mat- 
thew^ DanieP, Matthew^), b. Apr. 1. 1846: d. Mar. 2, 1822; 
m. Mary, dau. of Asa Sawin of Ashburnham, Mass. Child : 

19. i. Walter. Res. in Leominster, Mass. 

8. Frederic T.^ (SamueF, David*', Timothy•^ Samuel*. Mat- 
thew^ DanieP, Matthew^), b. Mar. 4, 1850; m. d) Clara A. 

Davis of Sandwich; (2) . He is a real estate dealer in 

Tampa, Fla. Children : 

20. i. Bradbury, b. Apr. 27, 1872. He is manager of Poland Spring 

Hotel, Poland, Me. 

12. Arthur Waldo^ (George W.^ SamueP, David^ Tim- 
othy^ Samuel*, Matthew^ DanieP, Matthew^), b. Feb. 20, 
1864; m. Dec. 15, 1887, Mabel Stanford. Res. Fitchburg, 
Mass. He is a plumber. Children : 

21. i. Mildred Louisa, b. Feb. 17, 1895; d. June 1, 1905. 

22. ii. Frederic Stanford, b. May 9, 1906. 


Elizabeth^ Cutter, widow of Samuel Cutter of Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne, England; came to America with two sons and a daughter in 1640. 
Perhaps the eldest of the sons had come earlier, but in either case he 
returned to England before 1654. She lived with her daughter, who 
had married Elijah Corlet the school-master at Cambridge, until her 
death June 10, 1663/4. 

Richard' (Elizabeth'), the younger son, b. about 1621; d. June 16, 

1693; m. (1) Elizabeth [d. Mar. 5, 1661/21; (2) Feb. 14, 1662/3, 

Frances (Perriman), widow of Isaac Amsden of Cambridge. He hved 
in Menotomy (now Arlington), where he had fourteen children by his 

first marriage. 


History of New Ipswich 

Ephraim' (Richard', Elizabeth'), b. 1651; m. Feb. 11, 1678/9, Bethia 
Wood, probably dau. of Nicholas and Mary (Williams) V/ood of Med- 
iield [b. July 28, 1660; d. Sept. 18, 1731]. He was a glazier, living suc- 
cessively in Cambridge, Charlestown, and Watertown Farms (now 
Weston). He was an officer in King Philip's War. 

John' (Ephraim', Richard', Elizabeth'), b. Watertovvn, July 23, 1700; 
d. Nov. 20, 1747 ; m. Rachel Powers, who survived him and married 
Barnabas Davis of Littleton, Mass. John followed his father's trade of 
a glazier, and lived at Lexington and at Woburn. Four of his nine 
children settled in New Ipswich. 

1. JoHN^ (John*, Ephraim^, Richard^, Elizabeth^), b. Wo- 
burn, Jan. 9, 1726/7; d. New Ipswich, Sept. 27, 1771 ; m. Nov. 
16, 1749, Susanna, dau. of Joseph and Lydia (Brown) Hastings 
of Waltham [b. May 26, 1731]. She survived him and married 
Simeon Gould (2), and died at Jaffrey, Aug. 5, 1827. He fol- 
lowed the family occupation, plying the glazier's trade at 
Waltham, Lexington, and Shrewsbury. About 1767 he came 
to New Ipswich, settled near the Temple line, (32, N. D.,) 
and became a farmer, although frequently absent working as 
a glazier in the neighboring towns. His mother and step- 
father made their home with him for several years. Children : 

5. i. John, b. Lexington, Aug. 25, 1750.+ 

6. ii. Joseph, b. Lexington, May 13, 1752.+ 

7. iii. Moses, b. Shrewsbury, May 28, 1754; d. Oct. 6, 1756. 

8. iv. Benjamin, b. Shrewsbury, June 8, 1756.+ 

9. V. Susanna, b. Shrewsbury, Jan. 5, 1759; d. Aug. 17, 1815; m. 

May 15, 1777, Supply Wilson (J. 1). 

10. vi. Moses, b. Shrewsbury, Mar. 26, 1760.-)- 

11. vii. David, b. Shrewsbury, Oct. 28, 1762.+ 

12. viii. Rachel, b. Shrewsbury, Jan. 20, 1764; d. Jan. 12, 1768. 

13. ix. Sarah, b. New Ipswich, Jan. 30, 1767; d. Jaffrey, Apr. 28, 

1852; m. (1) Isaac Kimball of Temple [b. June 17, 1763; 
d. June 13, 1804]; eight children; (2) William Marshall 
of Jaffrey [d. 1828] ; two children. 

14. x. Rachel, b. New Ipswich, Mar. 2, 1769; d. Mason, Sept. 12, 

1863; m. Feb. 5, 1794, Dr. William Barber of Worcester, 
Mass. Seven children. 

15. xi. Benoni, b. New Ipswich, Oct. 19, 1771. + 

2. Nathan^ (John*, Ephraim^, Richard-, Elizabeth^), b. 

Woburn, Mar. 13, 1733/4; d. Mar. 6, 1778; m. Hannah . 

He was a "housewright." He served as a soldier in Nova 
Scotia in 1775. He seems to have come to New Ipswich 
earlier than his brother John, as his name is on the first tax- 
list after incorporation, that of 1763. He settled one lot far- 
ther east than his brother, but he afterward removed to 
"Cutter's Lane," which probably was nearly the same as the 



road leading- to the "Bucknam farm," (XII: 2, S. R.,) first 
occupied by Amos Taylor. He served in the Revolution 
under Capts. Josiah Brown in 1777 and Robert Fletcher in 
1778. Children, probably born in New^ Ipswich, except per- 
haps the first : 

16. i. Nathan, time and place of birth unknown. -[- 

17. ii. Hannah, b. Oct. 24, 1761. 

18. iii. Rachel, b. Aug. 7, 1763. 

19. iv. Barnabas, b. Mar. 17, 1766. 

20. V. Isaac, b. Sept. 26, 1768. 

21. vi. Rhoda, b. Aug. 27, 1770. 

3. Elizabeth^ (John*, Ephraim^ Richard-, Elizabeth^), b. 
Lexington, May 24, 1741 ; d. New Ipswich, 1787; m. (1) Elijah 
Button [d. Dec. 24. 1764]; two children; (2) Mar. 8, 1769, 
Ezra Towne (1), [d. Dec. 29, 1795] ; six children. 

4. Benjamin^ (John*, Ephraim^ Richard'-, Elizabeth^), b. 
Lexington, Jan. 27. 1744/5 ; d. Temple, Mar. 16, 1821 ; m. about 
1768, Hannah Andrews [d. Oct. 13, 1837]. He came to New 
Ipswich and settled with his brothers, but afterward removed 
over the town line into Temple, where his farm is still occupied 
by his descendants. He did good service in the Revolution, 
under Capts. Ezra Towne in 1775, Abijah Smith in 1776. and 
Samuel Twitchell in 1778. He was a selectman in Temple, 
and ready in all town activities. Children, all born in Temple: 

22. i. Benjamin, b. Oct. 19, 1768.+ 
Jeremiah, b. Feb. 10, 1771 ; d. 1773. 
Hannah, b. Apr. 17, 1773; d. 1815; m. Nov. 26, 1797, Jonathan 

Foster of Temple. They removed to Weston, Vt., where 

she died. 
Lucy, b. July 11, 1775; d. Feb. 5, 1807; m. Feb. 4, 1794, James 

Rachel, b. Oct. 16, 1777 ; d. July, 1857 ; m. 1798, and removed 

to Dublin. 

27. vi. Jonathan, b. June 16, 1780.+ 

28. vii. Solomon, b. Jan. 10, 1783. -f 

29. viii. Rhoda, b. Mar. 26, 1785; d. Sept. 27, 1850; m. Sept. 18, 1804, 

Levi Pierce. 

30. ix. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 22, 1787; d. Feb., 1853; m. Feb. 3, 1806, 

David Amsden of Mason, where she died. 

31. X. Polly, b. May 4, 1790; m. May 14, 1811, Joshua P. Searle of 


32. xi. Louis, b. June 25, 1792; d. Jan. 27, 1814. 

5. John*' (John^ John*, Ephraim^ Richard-, Elizabeth^), b. 
Lexington, Aug. 25, 1750; d. New Ipswich, May 1, 1812; m. 
(1) 1773, Rebecca Browning of Rutland, Mass.; (2) Mrs. Allen 










History of New Ipswich 

of New Ipswich. He lived for a time upon his father's farm, 
and afterward built a house in Davis Village, (49, N. D.) He 
is credited with eleven days' service at the time of the Con- 
cord alarm, with service in Capt. Smith's company in 1776, 
under Capt. Brown in 1777, and he was one of the sixty-five 
volunteers to meet the raid from Canada in 1780. Children, 
all born at New Ipswich : 

33. i. Rebecca, b. Sept. 15, 1774; d. Jaffrey, Sept. 22, 1867; m. Col. 
Josiah Mower of Jaffrey [b. Topsfield, Mass., Nov. 17, 
1768; d. Jaffrey, May 5, 1852]. Six children. 

34 ii. Moody, b. Sept. 1, 1782; d. Stoddard, N. H., July 29, 1827; 
m. Apr. 10, 1805, Henrietta, dau. of Isaac and Abigail 
(Ayer) Fletcher of Wrentham, Mass. He studied law 
with Judge Champney, and in Stoddard he combined the 
duties of lawyer, farmer, and teacher. Six children. 

35. iii. Nathan, b. about 1786; d. Nov., 1808. 

There were several other children who died before maturity 
whose names are not found on record. 

6. Joseph'' (John^, John*, Ephraim^, Richard^, Elizabeth^), 
b. Lexington, May 13, 1752; d. Jafifrey, June 25, 1840; m. 1776, 
Rachel, dau. of Nehemiah and Rachel (Shattuck) Hobart of 
Pepperell, Mass. [b. Apr. 12, 1750; d. Jan. 20, 1835]. He was 
a farmer, but in early manhood he removed to Jaffrey, where 
he passed the rest of his life, and therefore, although he served 
for a time in the Revolution, at least thirteen days on the 
Concord alarm, his name does not appear on the roll as from 
New Ipswich. Children, all born in Jaffrey : 

36. i. Joseph, b. Aug. 23, 1777; d. Jaffrey, Nov. 20, 1860; m. June 

17, 1804, Phebe, dau. of Capt. James and Sarah (Clawson) 
Gage of Jaffrey [b. Dec. 15, 1779]. Eight children. 
Zl. ii. Rachel, b. Jan. 9, 1779; d. Jaffrey, Sept. 21, 1825; m. June 

28, 1803, John, son of Jerome and Lucy (Wheat) Under- 
wood [b. Feb. 16, 1777]. Six children. 

38. iii. John, b. Oct. 24, 1780; d. Jaffrey, Jan. 15, 1857; m. Mary, 

dau. of Daniel and Betsey Batchelder of Wilton [d. June 
3, 1859]. He was a farmer and wool-grower. He had ten 
children, among whom was Calvin, b. May 1, 1807, who 
attended New Ipswich academy, studied medicine, and re- 
ceived the degree of M. D. from Dartmouth in 1832. He 
is well known throughout the land as the author of the 
textbooks for which it is hardly too much to say that they 
made the study of physiology practicable in the public 
schools, not only of this country, but also in many others 
into the languages of which they have been translated. 

39. iv. Susan, b. June 3, 1782; d. Amherst, July 28, 1826; m. Dec. 

29, 1812, Edmund, son of Judge Abel Parker of Jaffrey. 
Two children. 



40. V. Daniel, b. Feb. 2, 1784; d. Sept. 23, 1868; m. Nov. 18, 1806, 

Sally, dau. of Col. Timothy and Rebecca (Bateman) Jones of 
Bedford [b. Aug. 9, 1786; d. July 7, 1864]. He had a 
rocky farm upon the side of Monadnock, but by patient 
and well-directed labor he supported his family and gave 
all his nine children an academic education, three of them 
graduating from Dartmouth. 

41. vi. Sabra, b. Oct. 11, 1785; d. Jaffrey, Feb. 4, 1843, unm. 

42. vii. Nehemiah, b. Mar. 21, 1787; d. Pepperell, Mass., Mar. 15, 

1859; m. (1) Lucy Stevens of Middlebury, Vt.; (2) Mary, 
dau. of Lemuel and Hannah (Gilson) Parker; (3) Eliza 
Jones of Boston. He graduated from Middlebury College 
in 1814, from Yale Medical School in 1817, and practiced 
at Pepperell. He did pioneer work in founding asylums 
for the insane. 

43. viii. Oldist, b. May 14, 1790; d. Mason, Mar. 30, 1838; m. Feb. 

20, 1811, Oliver Barrett of Mason. Four children. 

44. ix. Abel, b. Apr. 18, 1793; m. Oct. 10, 1815, Mary, dau. of 

Reuben and Polly (Pratt) Spaulding of Jaffrey. He was 
a farmer in Jaffrey, but in later life he lived in Boston 
and in Cambridge. Ten children. 

45. X. Joel, b. Apr. 18, 1793; m. Feb. 27, 1816, Mary S., dau. of 

Col. Timothy and Rebecca (Bateman) Jones [b. June 17, 
1793; d. Oct. 13, 1853]. He was a farmer in Jaffrey. Ten 

8. Benjamin*' (John^, John*, Ephraim^, Richard^, Eliza- 
beth^), b. Shrewsbury, June 8, 1756; d. Lachute, Quebec, Feb. 
7, 1820; m. Catherine Farnsworth [b. about 1760; d. Nov. 12, 
1833]. His occupations and places of residence were widely 
varied, but he passed most of his life in Northern New Eng- 
land and Canada. Children : 

46. i. Moses, b. Jaffrey, June 22, 1781; d. St. Louis, Mo., Aug. 23, 

1858; m. Hannah, dau. of Col. Christopher Webber [b. 
Walpole, 1775; d. St. Louis, Mo., 1854]. He was a mer- 
chant in Royalton, Vt., Cleveland, O., and St. Louis, Mo., 
successively. Four children. 

47. ii. Catherine, b. Alstead, 1783; m. John S. Hutchins, and re- 

moved to Lachute, Quebec. Many children. 

48. iii. Betsey, b. Alstead, May 12, 1785; m. William Powers and 

removed to Lachute, Quebec. Many children. 

49. iv. Benjamin, b. Alstead, June 25, 1787; d. Feb. 23, 1867; m. 

Roxey Comstock. He was a farmer in Williamstown, Vt., 
but in 1835 he removed to Bloomfield, O. Three children. 

50. V. Tryphosa, b. Alstead, Apr. 2, 1789; d. Winona, Minn., 1864. 

51. vi. Nawa, b. Alstead, Mar. 27, 1794; m. at Lachute, Quebec, 

Davis. They removed to Royalton, N. Y. Two children. 

52. vii. Orlando, b. Jaffrey, June 5, 1797; m. (1) Feb. 10, 1820, 

Phyana M., dau. of Seth and Sarah (Pierce) Phelps of 
Painesville, O.; (2) Nov. 8, 1832, Sarah A., dau. of David 


History of New Ipswich 

and Lydia (Hudson) Hieland of Cleveland, O. He was 
a merchant's clerk in Royalston, Mass., and in Boston, 
and a merchant in Cleveland. Twelve children. 

53. viii. Sarah, b. Alstead, Mar., 1800; m. John D. Howe. 

54. ix. Abilene L., b. Woodstock, Vt., Dec. 3, 1802; d. Cleveland, O., 

Sept. 11, 1852; m. Wooster, O., Oct. 31, 1831, Mary S. 
Humperly [b. Beaver, Penn., Sept. 12, 1816]. He was suc- 
cessively a clerk for his brother Orlando, and a merchant 
in Wooster, O., and in Cleveland, O. Ten children. 

10. Moses'' (John^ John*, Ephraim^ Richard^ Elizabeth^), 
b. Shrewsbury, Mar. 26, 1760; d. Jaffrey, Apr. 10, 1816; m. 
Rachel, dau. of Lieut. William Turner of Jaffrey [b. Sept. 30, 
1769; d. Aug. 21, 1839]. He was a farmer at the base of 
Monadnock about a mile from his brother Joseph. He served 
in the Revolution, being for a time in Washington's Life 
Guard. Children : 

55. i. Jane, b. Aug. 4, 1787; d. Oct. 14, 1838; m. June 21, 1810, 

Samuel Bates of Jafifrey [b. Apr., 1786; d. June. 1854]. 
Three children. 

56. ii. Susan, b. May 19, 1789; d. Bradford, July 7, 1818, unm. 

57. iii. Rachel, b. Oct. 31, 1792; d. Oct. 14, 1848; m. Jan. 1, 1815, 

Abel Nutting [b. Groton, Mass., Feb. 13, 1788; d. Marlboro, 
June 10, 1863]. Five children. 

58. iv. Mary, b. Mar. 22, 1794; d. Albany, N. Y., 1832; m. Richard 

Hoyt of Bradford. 

59. v. Moses, b. Nov. 11, 1795; d. Princeton, Mass., Feb. 21, 1854; 

m. Dec. 28, 1826, Abigail, dau. of William and 

(Wright) Davison of Peterboro [b. Jan. 27, 1802]. He 
was a farmer. Five children. 

60. vi. William T., b. Mar. 5, 1798; d. Jaffrey, June 4, 1866; m. 

Mar. 7, 1832, Lydia, dau. of Micah and Lucy (Vose) Jen- 
nings of Waltham, Mass. [b. June 18, 1808]. He was a 
farmer. Five children. 

61. vii. Sarah, b. Nov. 13, 1801 ; m. Artemas Law of Jaffrey [d. Nov. 

12, 1836]. Two children. 

62. viii. Pamelia, b. Aug. 8, 1803; d. Jaffrey, Oct. 10, 1867; m. (1) 

Dec. 25, 1829, Charles G., son of Roger Oilman of Jafifrey 
[d. May 12, 1838]; (2) Sept., 1852, Dea. John Sanderson. 
Three children of first marriage. 

63. ix. WiLLARD, b. July 14, 1806; d. Meadville, Pa., Feb. 8, 1860; m. 

July 30, 1830, Eliza, dau. of William and Rebecca (Moore) 
Shaley of Waltham, Mass. [b. Sudbury, Mass., Oct. 27, 
1806]. He was a carpenter, living in Meadville, Pa., after 

64. X. Caroline, b. Oct. 26, 1809; d. Dec. 26, 1861; m. Sept. 15, 1830, 

Luther, son of John (38) and Mary (Batchelder) Cutter 
[b. Jaffrey, May 1, 1807]. 

65. xi. John, b. July 11, 1812; d. Jaf¥rey, Mar. 12, 1842. 



11. David« (John^ John*, Ephraim^ Richard^, Elizabeth^, 
b. Shrewsbury, Oct. 28, 1762; d. Jaffrey, June 12, 1826; m. 
Sept. 30, 1789, Polly, dau. of Dea. Eleazer and Mary (Flint) 
Spofford of Jafifrey [d. Nov. 26, 1857]. He was a farmer living 
near "Jaffrey Mineral Spring." Children : 

66. i. Isaac, b. July 24, 1793. The time and place of his death are 

not known. He served as drummer in the war of 1812, 
and later enlisted in the regular army. 

67. ii. David, b. June 9, 179S; m. (1) Jan. 5, 1824, Eliza, dau. of 

William and Mary (Brown) Tolman of Winchendon, 
Mass. [b. 1804; d. Oct. 14, 1825]; (2) Dolly, dau. of Rev. 
Levi and Sarah (Packard) Pillsbury of Winchendon. He 
served in the army through the Mexican War. He was 
last heard from in Kansas. One child by first marriage 
and two by second. 

68. iii. Polly, b. Aug., 1797; d. Aug. 14, 1800. 

69. iv. John, b. Apr. 29, 1800; m. Mar. 17, 1825, Eliza, dau. of Rev. 

Levi and Sarah (Packard) Pillsbury of Winchendon, Mass. 
He was a farmer at Winchendon Center, was .selectman, 
and generally trusted in town and church matters. Four 

70. V. Luke, b. Apr., 1802; d. Sept. 12, 1802. 

71. vi. Mary, b. Mar. 2, 1803; m. May 20, 1824, Levi Bigelow of 

Fitzwilliam. He removed to Iowa. Five children. 

72. vii. Luke H., b. Apr. 28, 1805; d. New Ipswich, Mar. 8, 1845; 

the name of his wife is not known. He was a farmer in 
Peterboro for a time, but he spent a few of his later years 
on the "Stratton farm," (9, N. D.,) returning to which on 
a cold evening he was frozen. Five children. 

73. viii. Nathan, b. Dec. 22, 1807; d. Dec. 22, 1807. 

74. ix. Adonijah, b. Aug. 29, 1808; d. July 19, 1860; m. Nov. 27, 

1840, Maria, dau. of Benjamin and Abigail (Perry) Wilson 
of Fitzwilliam. He was a minister in Strafford, Vt., Hano- 
ver, and Nelson. 

75. X. Susan, b. Dec. 22, 1810; d. Dec. 23, 1810. 

15. Benoni® (John^, John*, Ephraim^, Richard^, Eliza- 
beth^), b. New Ipswich, Oct. 19, 1771 ; d. Hollis, Jan. 19, 1816; 
m. May 19, 1799, Phebe, dau. of Capt. William and Phebe 
(Jewett) Tenney of Hollis [b. Oct. 12, 1777; d. Feb. 12, 1835]. 
He was a physician in Hollis. He was also a deacon. Chil- 
dren : 

76. i. Phebe C, b. Aug. 3, 1801 ; d. Nov. 17, 1802. 

77. ii. Benoni G., b. Jan. 17, 1803; d. Louisville, Ky., July 15, 1849; 

m. (1) 1823, Lucy, dau. of Hon. Benjamin and Sarah 
(Fletcher) Poole of Hollis; (2) Eliza, dau. of Col. Joseph 
and Fanny (Haven) Valentine. He was a merchant at 
Hollis until 1852, when he removed to Louisville, where he 
carried on an extensive business. Five children. 


History of New Ipswich 

78. iii. William T., b. Apr. 17, 1805; m. July 1, 1828, Frances M., 

dau. of James and Margaret (Lombard) Bird of Boston. 
He was a dry goods merchant in Boston, and afterward 
in New York. Fourteen children. 

79. iv. John H., b. Aug. 16, 1807; d. HoUis, July 7, 1860; m. Susan 

F., dau. of Hon. Benjamin and Sarah (Fletcher) Poole of 
Hollis. He was a manufacturer of Bourbon whiskey in 
Louisville, Ky., and having thus become wealthy, he spent 
his later years in his native town. Nine children. 

80. v. Jeremiah F., b. Jan. 27, 1810; d. Cincinnati, O., 1848. He was 

for a time in the dry goods business at Detroit, Mich. 

81. vi. Phebe, b. Sept. 12, 1812; m. Gardner Searle of Rowley, Mass. 

Three children. 

82. vii. Charles N., b. Aug. 3, 1815; m. May 31, 1836, Mary E., dau. 

of Henry E. and Julia R. (Richards) Ho}^ of New York. 
He was a dry goods dealer in New York and in Kewanee, 
111. Eleven children. 

16. Nathan® (Nathan^, John*, Ephraim^, Richard^, Eliza- 
beth^), b. before 1761; d. about 1818; m. Polly, dau. of Capt. 
William Pips of Jaffrey. He was a farmer in Jafrrey, and 
afterward at Shoreham, Vt. Children : 

83. i. Polly, b. about 1781 ; d. Jaffrey, Dec. 29, 1798. 

84. ii. William P., b. Jaffrey, June 13, 1785 ; d. Shoreham, Vt., July 

8, 1815; m. Mar. 24, 1808, Prudence Evans. He graduated 
from Dartmouth in 1805. He was a physician, first at 
Peterboro and afterward at Shoreham. Three children. 

85. iii. Rhoana, b. Jaffrey; m. Dr. Nicanor Needham of Shoreham. 

86. iv. Orinda, m. Darius Cooder, a farmer. 

87. V. Ardilla. 

88. vi. RosiRA, m. Leander Case, a saddler. Two children. 

89. vii. Nathan. 

22. Benjamin'' (Benjamin^, John*, Ephraim^, Richard-. 
Elizabeth^), b. Temple, Oct. 19, 1768; d. Dec. 25, 1806; m. 
Polly, dau. of Gen. Francis and Elizabeth (Spaulding) Blood 
[b. about 1771; d. Nov. 23, 1806]. He was a farmer in Tem- 
ple, a major in the militia. Children : 

90. i. An infant, d. Apr. 29, 1792. 

91. ii. Jeremiah, b. Mar. 13, 1791; d. Sebec, Me., July 2, 1861; m. 

Feb. 1, 1816, Mary, dau. of Ensign Jonas and Hannah 
(Heald) Brown of Temple. He went in 1814 as a pioneer 
into the Maine wilderness of that day, and made himself 
a valuable farm. Nine children. 

92. iii. Hephzibah, b. Dec. 23, 1793; m. July 7, 1817, Jonas Davis. 

She lived in Temple. Nine children. 

93. iv. Benjamin F., b. Aug. 3, 1796; d. Nov. 5, 1815. 

94. v. Seth, b. Jan. 26, 1799; m. (1) Apr. 15, 1823, Abigail, dau. of 

Ezra and Rebecca (Knox) Gould of Sebec, Me. [d. Apr. 



2, 1857]; (2) Apr. 16, 1861, Mrs. Rebecca (Sutherland) 
Haywood of Sebec. He went to Sebec soon after his 
brother Jeremiah and there passed his Hfe. He was an 
officer in the Methodist church. Seven children. 

95. vi. Polly, b. Feb. 14, 1804; d. Apr. 29, 1805. 

96. vii. Thomas, b. June 17, 1806; d. Nov. 1, 1823. 

27. Jonathan'^ (Benjamin^ John*, Ephraim^ Richard-, 
EHzabeth^), b. June 6, 1780; d. Temple, Feb. 24, 1807; m. 
Polly, dau. of Lieut. Archelaus and Rachel (Rowell) Cum- 
mings of Temple [b. May 6, 1782]. He was a lieutenant in 
the Temple militia. Children : 

97. i. Nathan, d. young. 

98. ii. Rachel. 

99. iii. Polly, m. Haynes. 

28. Solomon*^ (Benjamin^ John*, Ephraim^ Richard-, 
Elizabeth^), b. Jan. 10, 1783; d. Dec. 26, 1831; m. 1803, Dolly 
Rowell of Temple. He was a farmer in Temple. He lost his 
life by freezing in a deep snow. Children : 

100. i. Dolly, b. Oct. 19, 1803; d. July 23, 1841, unm. 

101. ii. Benjamin, b. Oct. 25, 1805; m. Sept., 1837, Catherine Foster. 

He lived in Boston and later for a time in New Ipswich. 
Four children. 

102. iii. Calista, b. Jan. 2, 1808; m. May, 1834, John Q. Adams of 

Bellingham, Mass. She lived in Walpole. Three children. 

103. iv. James, b. Feb. 1, 1810; d. Spartanburg, S. C, Aug. 27, 1840, 


104. V. Elbridge G., b. July 21, 1812; m. Mar. 10, 1842, Harriet J., 

dau. of Daniel and Mary (Crafts) Bird of Watertown, 
Mass. He lived upon the farm of his grandfather and was 
a prominent citizen of Temple. Five children. 

105. vi. Sarah, b. Oct. 7, 1814; m. Oct. 29, 1844, John B. Farrington 

of Dedham, Mass. Four children. 

106. vii. Jonathan M., b. Feb. 25, 1817 ; d. June 8, 1832. 

107. viii. Lucy, b. Sept. 28, 1819; d. Nov. 15, 1856; m. Abiel Lovejoy 

of Temple. 

108. ix. Syrene, b. Nov. 1, 1824; d. June 8, 1832. 

DAVIS (Dolor). 

Dolor* Davis, b. about 1600; d. June, 1673; m. (1) about 1624, 
Margery, sister of Simon Willard [bapt. Nov. 7, 1602 ; d. between 1658 
and 1667] ; (2) about 1671, Joanna, dau. of Rev. Joseph Hull and widow 
of Capt. John Bursley of Barnstable, Mass. [b. about 1620; d. after 
1683]. He came from England, probably from County Kent, and first 
appears upon the records of Cambridge, Mass., in 1634. He seems to 
have removed to Concord, Mass., with his brother-in-law Simon Willard 
in 1636, but if so he did not remain there, as he was in Duxbury and 


History of New Ipswich 

Barnstable, Mass., from 1640 to 1655, when he returned to Concord, 
where he remained until the death of his first wife. His later years were 
passed in Barnstable. 

Simon' (Dolor'), b. about 1636; d. June 14, 1715; m. Dec. 12, 1660. 
Mary, dau. of James Blood of Concord, Mass. [b. July 12, 1640]. He 
resided in Concord, where he was elected delegate to the General Court 
several times and held other responsible positions. He was a lieutenant 
and was in command at Brookfield in 1675, after Capt. Wheeler was 
wounded and thereby disabled. 

Samuel' (Dolor'), b. 1639/40; d. 1720; m. (1) Jan. 11, 1665/6, Mary 
Meddows [d. Oct. 30, 1710]; (2) Oct. 18, 1711, Ruth Taylor [d. Aug. 6, 
1720]. He was a yeoman at Bedford, Mass. 

James' (Simon', Dolor'), b. Jan. 19, 1668; d. Sept. 17, 1727; m. Mar. 
4, 1700/1, Anne, dau. of John and Sarah Smedley [b. Dec. 12, 1676; d. 
May 21, 1761]. Res. in Concord. 

Stephen'' (Samuel', Dolor'), b. Mar. 30, 1686; d. July 11, 1738; 
m. Mar. 26, 1713, Elizabeth Fletcher of Concord. He resided in Concord 
and Bedford, Mass. 

Thomas* (James', Simon', Dolor'), b. Nov. 25, 1705; d. Nov. 18, 

1786; m. Sarah [b. about 1708; d. Apr. 27, 1783]. He resided in 

Concord, where he was a captain. 

Joseph* (James', Simon', Dolor'), b. Jan. 1, 1707/8; m. Jan. 10, 1743, 
Hannah Brown, probably dau. of Thomas and Hannah Brown [b. Dec. 
6, 1716]. He resided in Concord, but nearly all his sons came to New 
Ipswich. Children: 

i. Joseph, b. Aug. 16, 1744.4- 

ii. Elijah, b. Mar. 26, 1746.-)- 

iii. Silas, b. Apr. 16, 1748.-}- 

iv. Simeon, b. Feb., 1749/50.+ 

V. Abraham, b. Nov. 16, 1752.-(- 

vi. Isaac, b. Nov. 17, 1752. 

vii. Hannah, b. Apr. 25, 1756. 

viii. Mary, b. May 30, 1758. 
Stephen* (Stephen', Samuel', Dolor'), b. Mar. 6, 1715; d. July 22, 
1787; m. Sept. 2, 1736, Elizabeth Brown [b. Sept. 15, 1718; d. Dec. 5, 
1789]. He resided in Bedford, Mass., and held the office of deacon. He 
owned land in New Ipswich for a long time, but he does not appear to 
have been a resident in the town. 

1. Jonathan^ (Thomas*, James^, Simon^, Dolor^), b. Con- 
cord, Mass., Mar. 20, 1742; d. Dec. 7, 1819; m. Nov. 27, 1766, 
Sarah Melvin (3). He came to New Ipswich in 1764 and 
settled upon the old "coimtry road," (II : 3. S. R.,) where he 
passed most of his life, although he seems to have lived for a 
time, about 1770, not very far from the place where that road 
entered Temple. He gave Revolutionary service at the time 
of the Concord alarm, and later in the companies of Capts. 
Josiah Brown and Robert Fletcher. He was an ensign in the 
New Ipswich militia. Children: 


Davis (Dolor) 

9. i. Sarah, b. Dec. 7, 1767; d. Mar. 29, 1800; m. Jan. 8, 1787, Benja- 
min Knight of Hancock. Four children. 

10. ii. Mary, b. June 3, 1769. 

11. iii. Lucy, b. Oct. 4, 1770; d. Jan. 18, 1772. 

12. iv. Jonathan, b. Nov. 15, 1771.+ 

13. V. Jonah, b. June 10, 1773; d. Apr. 24, 1774. 

14. vi. Ruth, b. Dec. 1, 1774; d. Mar. 27, 1812; m. Oct. 15, 1795, 

Stephen, son of Abraham and Elizabeth (Barker) Poor 
[b. Andover, Mass., Feb. 3, 1771]. He was a tanner at 
Hancock. Seven children. 

15. vii. Solomon, b. July 31, 1776.-f 

16. viii. Thomas, b. Oct. 19, 1781; d. Henniker, July 3, 1834. Eight 


17. ix. Rebecca, b. Aug. 30, 1784; m. June 5, 1807, Asa Lewis. 

2. JosiAH-^ (Thomas*, James^ Simon^, Dolor^), b. May 29, 
1750; d. Feb. 17, 1815; m. 1772, Abigail, daii. of Thomas and 
Abigail (Brown) Hubbard [b. Aug. 26, 1754; d. Oct. 19, 1844]. 
He came to New Ipswich at about the time of his majority 
and settled near the southeast corner of the town on 2, N. 
L. O. He was interested in the cotton factory maintained 
for several years in the early part of the nineteenth century 
and using the waterpower now utilized by Walker's wood- 
turning industry. He responded to the Concord alarm, and 
later served under Capt. Silas Wright. Children : 

JosiAH, b. May 23, 1773. 

Abigail, b. Dec. 1, 1775; d. Apr. 17, 1833; m. July 18, 1797. 

Thomas Danforth. 
Jonathan, b. Nov. 5, 1776; d. Mar. 29, 1814. 
Rebecca, b. Dec. 7, 1778. 
Lucy, b. Apr. 19, 1781 ; d. Apr. 30, 1845 ; m. Jonathan Barrett. 

23. vi. Thomas, b. Mar. 26, 1783; d. Mar. 15, 1809. 

24. vii. Joel, b. May 12, 1785.-f- 

25. viii. Moses, b. Dec. 10, 1787.+ 

26. ix. LuciNDA, b. Feb. 18, 1791; d. Oct. 9, 1868; m. June 6, 1811, 

Jesse Stearns (L 5). 

27. X. Clarissa, b. July 18, 1793; d. Sept. 19, 1815. 

28. xi. George, b. Dec. 1, 1795; d. May 10, 1812. 

29. xii. Charles, b. Sept. 21, 1797. 

30. xiii. Cyrus, b. Feb. 15, 1800. 

31. xiv. Cyrene, b. Feb. 15, 1800. 

3. Joseph^ (Joseph*, James^ Simon% Dolor^), b. Aug. 16, 

1744; d. Dec. 12, 1838; m. (1) ; (2) Oct. 17. 1793. Grace 

Allen of Concord, Mass. He came to New Ipswich about 
1776, and apparently lived in or near that part of the town 
afterward known as Davis Village. No record of his children 
has appeared. 












History of New Ipswich 

4. Elijah^ (Joseph*, James^, Simon^, Dolor^), b. Mar. 26, 

1746; d. Apr. 21, 1812; m. (1) Hepzibah [d. about 1790] ; 

(2) Hannah Ball [b. about 1724] ; (3) Feb. 26, 1793, Polly 
Russell. In early manhood he came to the immediate neigh- 
borhood of New Ipswich and settled in the southeastern cor- 
ner of the town or the adjoining- portion of Mason which is 
now the southwestern corner of Greenville, where the family 
continued many years. His name is on the New Ipswich tax- 
list from 1768 to 1782 and the births of his four oldest children 
are recorded in the town records. He was one of those who 
marched to Concord in the early morning of Apr. 20, 1775. 
He rendered later service under Capts. Archelaus Town and 
Josiah Brown, and went to Vermont to repel the sally from 
the north in 1780. Children: 

32. i. Hannah, b. Apr. 5, 1773; d. Feb. 19, 1837; m. Dec. 14, 1791, 

David, son of Oliver and Lydia (Wood) Davis of Harvard, 

33. iii. Mary, b. May 3, 1775; d. young. 

34. iii. Hepzibah, b. May 1, 1777; m. 1804, David Pierce of Dublin. 

35. iv. Elijah, b. June 17, 1779. -(- 

36. V. Abigail, b. July 30, 1782. 

37. vi. Polly, b. Sept. 3, 1789; d. Feb. 18, 1804. 

38. vii. Lucy, b. Sept. 30, 1795. 

39. viii. Benjamin Franklin, b. Mar. 4, 1801 ; d. Mar. 10, 1804. 

5. SiLAS^ (Joseph% James^, Simon^, Dolor^), b. Apr. 16, 
1748; d. 1836; m. (1) Nov. 19, 1772, Mary, dau. of Benjamin 
and Rebekah (Flagg) Clark [b. Aug. 23, 1753; d. Oct. 26, 
1784] ; (2) Sept., 1786. Lydia Brooks of Lincoln, Mass. [d. 
Mar. 22, 1787] ; (3) Sept. 8, 1787, Mary Preston (5). He came 
to New Ipswich in 1768 and settled in the unbroken wilder- 
ness on the western slope of Flat Mountain, (71, N. L. O.,) 
where he devoted much time to hunting, and was noted for 
his eminent success in the destruction of wolves in the early 
years, as well as other game remaining after the region be- 
came less wild. He retained his home on that spot, still 
marked by the cellar, for more than fifty years, then removed 
for a brief period of residence on the "Gould farm," (43, 
N. D.,) and finally passed his later years in Davis Village, at 
the southern end of 45, N. D., long after retained in his family. 
He served in the Revolutionary movement to Royalton, Vt., 
in 1780. Children: 

40. i. Silas, b. Nov. 15, 1773. 

41. ii. Mary, b. Feb. 23, 1775 ; d. Feb. 28, 1775. 


Davis (Dolor) 

42. iii. Rebecca, b. Mar. 29, 1776; d. Jan. 10, 1861; m. Nov. 15, 1805. 

James Hildreth (5). 

43. iv. Joseph, b. Jan. 2, 1778.+ 

44. V. Betsey, b. Aug. 30, 1779; d. Mar. 27, 1861; m. Feb. 21, 1805, 

William Taylor (17). 

45. vi. Benjamin, b. July 20, 1782; d. June 5, 1881; m. Mar. 17, 

1806, Abigail Davis. He passed his life in his native town 
and for many years drove a baker's wagon, selling goods 
from the bakery of his brother Joseph, and afterward from 
the bakeries. He was familiarly known to all as "Baker 

46. vii. Mary, b. Sept. 25, 1784; d. Oct. 29, 1785. 

47. viii. Lydia, b. July 27, 1788. 

48. ix. Hannah, b. Feb. 15, 1791. She married and removed to 

Ohio. Seventeen children. 

49. X. James, b. Apr. 6, 1793.+ 

50. xi. Thomas, b. May 3, 1795.+ 

6. Simeon^ (Joseph*, James^, Simon^, Dolor^), b. Feb., 
1749/50. Reliable tradition declares that this young-er bro- 
ther of Silas Davis came to New Ipswich with him or perhaps 
a little earlier, and the fact that he was still a minor may ex- 
plain the absence of his name from the town record. There 
are no indications of a long residence in town, and he may 
have returned to Concord, where the church record gives the 
death of a bearer of that name Oct. 24, 1824, although the age 
there is given as 76 years. 

7. Abraham^ (Joseph*, lames^*, Simon-, Dolor^), b. Nov. 

16. 1752; d. Hancock, Jan. 7, 1846; m. (1) ; (2) Sept. 5, 

1788, Rebecca, dau. of William Williams [b. July 26, 1766] ; 
(3) June 8, 1802, Susanna Williams, sister of his second wife 
[b. Aug. 16, 1749]. He must have come to New Ipswich be- 
fore attaining his majority, as his name is borne upon the 
tax lists of 1769 and the two succeeding years, but his day 
must have been brief. He became a citizen of Hancock a few 
years later and there passed his life. Children : 

51. i. Jacob. 

52. ii. Abraham, b. Jan. 17, 1790; d. Jan. 2, 1875; m. June 2. 1818, 

May, dau. of Nathan Waitt [d. Sept. 16, 1852]. Six 

53. iii. John, b. July, 1791. He removed to Vermont. 

54. iv. Polly, m. James Blodgett. Resided in Hancock. 

55. V. Joseph. He resided in Massachusetts. 

8. Stephen^' (Stephen*, Stephen^, Samuel^, Dolor^), b. Nov. 
27, 1741 ; m. Nov. 6, 1766, Lydia Bateman, probably dau. of 
John* and Anna Bateman [b. Mar. 7, 1746]. He lived for a 


History of New Ipswich 

time in Bedford, Mass., but came to New Ipswich about 1770, 
and settled on the Thomas Brown farm, (58, N. D.,) upon 
the old Sharon road, where a new road from the turnpike now 
ends, this land probably being the property of his father but 
bequeathed to him fifteen years later. He seems to have lived 
there twenty-five years or more, but the time of his death or 
removal is uncertain. His two oldest children are recorded in 
Bedford, the others in New Ipswich. Children : 

56. i. Molly, b. Sept. 18, 1767. 

57. ii. John, b. June 7, 1769. 

58. iii. Stephen, b. Mar. 24, 1771.+ 

59. iv. Amos, b. Mar. 1, 1774. 

60. V. Aaron, b. Feb. 8, 1776. 

61. vi. Moses, b. May 23, 1778. 

62. vii. Timothy, b. Aug. 28, 1781. 

12. Jonathan^ (Jonathan^, Thomas*, James^ Sinion^, 
Dolor^), b. Nov. 15, 1771 ; d. Mar. 14, 1823; m. (1) Jan. 26, 1799, 
Relief, dau. of James and Mary Davis of Holden, Mass. [b. 
Mar. 25, 1781 ; d. Oct. 16, 1809] ; (2) 1810, his cousin Eunice, 
dau. of Edmund and Eunice Davis [b. Feb. 23, 1783; d. May 
21, 1814]; (3) Feb. 23, 1815, Nancy Allen of New Ipswich 
[d. Apr. 19, 1859]. He resided in Hancock. Children: 

63. i. James, b. Jan. 5, 1800.+ 

64. ii. Mary Wheeler, b. Feb. 5, 1802; d. Apr. 13, 1853. 

65. iii. JosiAH Melville, b. Feb. 23, 1804.+ 

66. iv. Gilman, b. Apr. 1, 1806; d. Aug. 3, 1844; m. Mary McAlpine. 

He was engaged with his brother George in the manufac- 
ture of pianos in Boston. 

67. V. Jonathan, b. May 22, 1808; d. May 22, 1867. He res. in 

Maiden, Mass., but passed his later years in Hancock. 

68. vi. George Hubbard, b. Mar. 29, 1811.-|- 

69. vii. Relief, b. Sept. 9, 1812; d. Oct. 4, 1831. 

70. viii. Nathan Allen, b. Jan. 27, 1816; d. Oct. 4, 1831. 

71. ix. Horace H., b. May 20, 1817.+ 

72. X. Nancy Allen, b. May 25, 1819; d. Mar. 25, 1854, unm. She 

lived with her mother in New Ipswich after her father's 
IZ. xi. Charles S., b. May 28, 1821.+ 

15. Solomon^ (Jonathan^, Thomas*, James^, Simon^, 

Dolori), b. July 31, 1776; d. Nov. 11, 1850; m. (1) Mary 

[b. about 1777; d. June 14, 1809] ; (2) June 20, 1810, Esther 
Allen, sister of Nancy, wife of Jonathan (12) [b. about 1773; 
d. Nov. 11, 1840] ; (3) Sept. 28, 1843, Candace, dau. of James 
and Johanna (Davenport) Tarbell [b. Mt. Holly, Vt., Jan. 23, 
1809; d. Springfield, Vt., Dec. 18, 1869; m. (2) Nov., 1855, 











Davis (Dolor) 

James Perry]. He passed the greater part of his life as a 
farmer on the paternal farm. He was a captain in the militia. 
Children : 

Mary Brown, b. Jan. 14, 1805; d. Jan. 15, 1805. 

Benjamin Lewis, b. Oct. 2, 1808; d. May 2, 1814. 

Lewis, b. about 1845. He removed to the South in early 

Mary, b. about 1847; m. Osman Richardson. 
George, b. about 1849. Res. in Providence, R. I. Two 


24. JoEL« (Josiah^ Thomas*, James^ Simon^, Dolor^), b. 
May 12, 1785; m. (1) May 28, 1807, Rebecca, dau. of John and 
Joanna (Munroe) Adams of Ashburnham, Mass. [b. Feb. 22, 
1781] ; (2) 1827. Orpah Stearns (8). He was a citizen of New 
Ipswich for several years of his early manhood, having an 
interest in the cotton factory then in operation upon the water- 
power afterward used by the Walker woodenware industries. 
Later he was proprietor of the "Children in the Wood" tavern 
in the northern part of Ashburnham, Mass., and removed 
thence to Lowell, Mass., about 1828. Children ; 

79. i. Thomas H., b. Dec, 1811; d. Feb. 21, 1814. 

80. ii. Clarissa H., b. Jan. 25, 1814; d. Feb. 14, 1815. 

81. iii. An infant, d. Mar. 11, 1824. 

82. iv. Rebecca. 

25. Moses*' (Josiah^ Thomas*, james^, Simon^, Dolor^, b. 
Dec. 10, 1787; d. Feb. 25, 1847; m. June 2, 1814, Louisa Wil- 
kins, probably Lois, dau. of David and Sarah (Taynter) Wil- 
kins [b. Mar. 29, 1793; d. 1841]. For a brief time after his 
marriage he lived in the home of his boyhood, (2, N. L. O.,) 
but soon after his father's death he removed to the large 
house at the four corners, long the home of Dr. Stillman Gib- 
son, (V : 5, S. R.,) which had previousl}- been the home of 
his assumed father-in-law, David Wilkins. He removed from 
town about 1822, and soon after was a merchant in Lowell, 
Mass. His gravestone in the New Ipswich central burying- 
yard gives him the title of deacon. Child : 

83. i. Louisa, m. John S. Currier. Her only child was Louisa D. 

Currier, b. about July, 1844; d. May 30, 1849. Moses Davis 
had one or more other daughters and perhaps sons. 

35. Elijah" (Elijah^ Joseph*, James-^, Simon^, Dolor^), b. 
June 17, 1779; m. Apr. 2, 1804, Eunice Russell. He was a 
farmer in Mason. Children : 


History of New Ipswich 

84. i. Alfred, m. Scripture. He was a farmer in Mason. One 


85. ii. Calvin, m. Aug. 13, 1834, Susan Jones. He was a farmer in 


86. iii. Solomon, m. Jane Spaulding. He was a farmer in Mason. 

87. iv. Elijah F., b. Nov. 29, 1812.+ 

88. V. Elisha F., b. Nov. 29, 1812.+ 

89. vi. Samuel, b. Apr. 7, 1818.+ 

90. vii. Eunice, m. Eber Baker. Res. in Westminster, Mass. Three 


43. TosEPii® (Silas^ Joseph^, James^, Simon^, Dolor^), b. 
Tan. 2,"l778; d. Mar. 10, 1876; m" (1) May 30, 1802, Hannah 
Taylor (18) ; (2) Nov. 30, 1837, Mary (Parker) widow of 
Winslow Ames [b. Mar. 15. 1798; d. Oct. 23, 1881]. He was 
a farmer upon 45, N. D., and also conducted successfully dur- 
ing many years a bakery in Davis Village, supplying the coun- 
try for twenty miles around with the limited variety of baker's 
goods expected in those days. He was a constant attendant 
on the services of the Congregational church, and is said to 
have been absent only one half day during a period of fifty 
years. Children : 

91. i. KEND.^LL, b. Dec. 5, 1803.+ 

92. ii. SivoNA, b. Dec. 9, 1805; m. Apr. 30, 1835, Isaiah Cragin (12). 

93. iii. Horace, b. Nov. 11, 1807; d. Nov. 12, 1807. 

94. iv. George, b. Nov. 5, 1815; d. Feb. 24, 1816. 

95. v. George, b. Oct. 16, 1817.-|- 

96. vi. Emily, b. Oct. 18, 1820; d. Mar. 9, 1908; m. (1) Nov. 7, 1849, 

John Smith [d. about 1867], a farmer at Sterling, Mass., 
until about 1853, when he came to New Ipswich and con- 
ducted the farm of his father-in-law ; (2) Robv Fletcher 

97. vii. Mary Ann, b. Apr. 9, 1823; d. Jan. 22, 1910; m. Charles H. 

Sweetser [d. about 1898]. He was a shoe-dealer in Read- 
ing, Mass., and later in Ljmn. In middle life they removed 
to Iowa, thence to Colorado, and finally to Los Angeles, 
Cal., where they died. 

98. viii. Horace, b. June 6, 1825. -f 

49. James® (Silas^ Joseph*. James^. Simon^. DolorM. b. 
Apr. 6, 1793; d. May 29,^1865; m. (1) Nov. 27, 1823, his cousin 
Patty, dau. of Benjamin and Patty (Preston) Bacon of Bed- 
ford, Mass. [b. about 1798; d. Apr. 5. 1827] ; (2) Cyrene Put- 
nam of Milford [b. Oct. 22, 1803 ; d. Sept. 2, 1834] ; (3) Sept. 
7, 1842. Anna, dau. of Daniel Giles (8) [b. Sept. 29, 1807; d. 
Jan. 10, 1874]. He lived for many years on the "Thomas 
Brown farm," (58, N. D.,) where the road now terminates, 


Davis (Dolor) 

but the home of his later years was in 45, N. D., a short 
distance from Davis Village. He was a deacon in the Con- 
greg-ational church for thirty-three years. Children : 

99. i. An infant, mentioned only on its mother's gravestone. 

100. ii. An infant, b. and d. Dec. 20, 1825. 

101. iii. An infant, b. about Mar. 23, 1827; d. Apr. 15, 1827. 

102. iv. James Putnam, b. Dec. 27, 1829.+ 

103. V. Perley Bacon, b. Apr. 26, 1832.+ 

104. vi. George Henry, b. Nov. 30, 1844; d. Apr. 25, 1866. 

50. Thom.\s« (Silas^ Joseph*, James^ Simon^ Dolor^), b. 
May 3, 1795; d. July 15.'l869; m.' Mar. 26, 1818. Nancy, dau. 
of Ebenezer and Sarah (Cumming-s) Fletcher (71). lie re- 
moved to Enosburg-, Vt., in early manhood, and was a farmer 
in that place for about twenty-five years. But when a little 
past his fiftieth year, he returned to his native town, and after 
a brief residence in Smith Village and a few years on the 
"Conant farm," (85, A. D.,) he passed his later vears on the 
"Campbell farm" by the river, (7, N. L. O.) Children : 

105. i. M.\ry, b. Apr. 20, 1819; d. Apr. 30, 1819. 

106. ii. Ebenezer. b. June 13, 1820 ; d. May 29, 1821. 

107. iii. Richard Hall, b. Aug. 24, 1823.+ 

108. iv. Mary Sivona, b. Apr. 29, 1827; d. Apr. 7. 1911; m. July 13, 

1847, George D. Jaquith (1). 

109. v. James Benjamin, b. Dec. 23, 1832.-|- 

58. Stephen® (Stephen^, Stephen*, Stephen^, SamueP, 
Dolori), b. Mar. 24, 1771; m. Nov. 17, 1796, Hepsibah, dau. of 
John and Elizabeth (Bateman) Brown (T. 12). He succeeded 
to his father's farm and there remained for a few of the first 
years of the nineteenth century. He held the ofifice of lieu- 
tenant. Children : 

110. i. Anna, b. Oct. 30. 1797. 

111. ii. Almira, b. Dec. 25, 1799. 

63. Jambs'^ (Jonathan®, Jonathan-^', Thomas*. James^, Si- 
mon^, bolor^), b. Jan. 5, 1800; d. Mar. 23, 1874; m. Dec. 14. 
1826, Rebecca, dau. of Capt. Joseph and Hannah (Dodge) 
Symonds of Hancock [d. Mar. 30, 1874]. He lived on the 
family homestead in Hancock for nearly twenty years, and 
after 1845 was a merchant in that town. Children : 

112. i. Maria, b. Jan. 3, 1828; m. Sept. 7, 1854, J. Franklin Dyer, a 

physician at Annisquam, Mass. 

113. ii. Antoinette, b. Sept. 8, 1829. She was a teacher in her native 


114. iii. Helen E., b. Aug. 10, 1832; d. Dec. 30, 1833. 


History of New Ipswich 

115. iv. Helen E., b. Nov. 9, 1834; m. Feb. 24, 1853, David R. Patten. 

a hotel proprietor at San Francisco, later in business at 
Salt Lake City. 

116. V. Joanna, b. Aug. 27, 1837; d. Sept. 11, 1868; m. Nov. 8, 1860, 

Myron M. Wood, a farmer in Hancock. 

117. vi. Heber, b. Nov. 4, 1842. He served during the Civil War in 

the 7th N. H. Regiment, and later was in railroad business 
at San Francisco. 

118. vii. Herbert J., b. June 14, 1844. He was a carpet dealer in New 

York and later in San Francisco. 

65. JosiAH Melville^ (Jonathan^, Jonathan^, Thomas*, 
James^ Simon^, Dolor^), b. Feb. 23, 1804; d. July 8, 1846; m. 
Henrietta Ordway of Francestown. He was a hatter in 
Francestown. Child : 

119. i. Elizabeth, m. Clarendon M. Sanders. 

68. George Hubbard^ (Jonathan^, Jonathan^ Thomas*, 
James^, Simon^, Dolor^), b. Mar. 29, 1811; d. Dec. 1, 1879; m. 
(1) Aug. 14, 1834, Charlotte Low [d. May 9, 1841] ; (2) Oct. 
31, 1844, Sarah Cleverly French [b. Boston, July 27, 1825 ; d. 
Sept. 1, 1873]. He learned the cabinet-maker's trade in Ashby, 
Mass., and in Boston, and later was a member of the firm of 
Hallet, Davis & Co., piano manufacturers, becoming eventu- 
ally the sole proprietor of the business. Children : 

120. i. George H., b. Sept. 30, 1836; m. (1) June 11, 1861, Maria 

Louise Brown [d. July 9, 1876]; (2) Oct. 9, 1879, Ella 
Parsons. He was a hardwood lumber dealer in Boston. 

121. ii. Albert Low, b. June 8, 1838; d. Dec. 7, 1847. 

122. iii. Elizabeth French, b. Nov. 18, 1848; m. Feb. 8, 1877, A. D. 

W. French of Boston. 

123. iv. Edward Windsor, b. June 10, 1856; m. Jan. 26, 1881, Carrie 

L. Esbach of Boston. 

71. Horace H.'^ (Jonathan^, Jonathan^, Thomas^ James^, 
Simon^, Dolor^), b. May 20, 1817; m. June 3, 1857, Sarah S., dau. 
of Asa and Rhoda Maynard of Marlboro. Res. at Salem, Mass. 
He was a travelling salesman and also engaged in other busi- 
ness. Child : 

124. i. Fannie M., b. Sept. 18, 1872. 

73. Charles S.'^ (Jonathan^, Jonathan^, Thomas*, James^, 
Simon^, Dolor^), b. May 28, 1821 ; m. (1) Aug. 28, 1845, Betsey 
R., dau. of Lubin and Lydia (Burton) Rockwood of Wilton 
[b. about 1826; d. Boston, Apr. 13, 1857] ; (2) June 14, 1860, 
Frances O., dau. of Richard and Mary W. Sykes of Newton, 
Mass. He was employed in the store of Johnson & Clark at 


Davis (Dolor) 

Bank Village for a time, and later was similarly engaged in 
East Jaffrey. He was then successively a partner of his 
brother James in Hancock, a member of the firm of Davis & 
Heywood in New Ipswich, for more than twenty years asso- 
ciated with his brother George in Boston, and finally a mem- 
ber of the firm of Billings, Clapp & Co.. manufacturers of 
chemicals in Boston. He resided in Newton. Mass. Children : 

125. i. Henrietta R., b. Aug. 28, 1846; d. Sept. 10, 1846. 

126. ii. Charles Allen, b. Apr. 7, 1848; m. Agnes Nichols of Wash- 

ington, D. C. He is a physician in Washington. 

127. iii. Walter Rockwood, b. Nov. 9, 1849; d. Apr., 1908; m. (1) 

Nellie Loring of Newton, Mass. ; (2) Susan Loring of 
Newton, a cousin of his first wife. Children: i. Alice, 
(by first marriage,) m. William T. Coppins of Newton, ii. 
Robert, (by second marriage). 

128. iv. An infant son, d. Mar. 26, 1857. 

129. V. Ida, m. William Z. Ripley. He is a professor in Harvard 

University. Four children. 

87. Elijah F.^ (Elijah*^, Elijah^ Joseph*, James^ Simon^, 
Dolor^), b. Nov. 29, 1813; d. Mar. 16, 1886; m. Hannah Ball, 
dau. of Sampson and Ruth (Ball) Spaulding [d. July 18, 1889]. 
He was a resident in the family region in Mason during the 
greater part of his life, but for a few years seems to have been 
a citizen of New Ipswich and resident in its southeastern part. 

130. i. Abby Jane, b. July 7, 1841; m. (1) Apr. 10, 1862, Charles 

Robbins [b. Nov. 26, 1837; d. Aug. 24, 1901]; (2) Charles 
B. Samson [d. Mar. 8, 1907]. Child: i. Addie A. Robbins, 
b. Dec. 12, 1867. 

88. Elisha F.^ (Elijah^, Elijah^, Joseph*, James^, Simon^, 
Dolor^), b. Nov. 29, 1812; m. May 16, 1839, Roxanna, dau. of 
Daniel Jefts (6). He was for several years a farmer upon 186, 
A. D. His house, since destroyed by fire, stood forty or fifty 
rods south from the turnpike, upon the road extending, not 
far from the town line, from the "Wheeler tavern" to the 
"Pierce farm." The work of his hands is perpetuated by the 
sturdy willows set by him, while a young man in the employ 
of Dr. Stillman Gibson, beside the road from the Gibson cor- 
ners to Bank Village, near the point of crossing the North 
Branch of the Souhegan River. He removed to Luzerne, 
N. Y., about 1850. Children : 

131. i. Franklin, b. Apr. 10, 1840; d. July 20, 1840. 

132. ii. Horace Eugene, b. July, 1841 ; unm. Res. at Westminster, 



History of New Ipswich 

133. iii. George Henry, b. Nov. 18, 1842; m. Sarah Sherman of Cor- 

inth, N. Y. Child : i. Bertha E. 

134. iv. Harriet Augusta, b. June, 1844; d. Sept., 1907; m. James 

Burritt. Res. at Corinth, N. Y. One child. 

135. V. Elvira Willard, b. Sept., 1853; m. Loren Merritt of Corinth, 

N. Y. Six children. 

89. Samuel'^ (Elijah*^, Elijah^, Joseph*, James^, Simon^, 
Dolor^), b. Apr. 7, 1818; d. Mar. 22, 1907; m. Oct. 31, 1847, 
Mary Jane Haskell of Brattleboro, Vt. [b. Aug. 5, 1822]. He 
was a farmer in Mason until about 1864, when he came to 
New Ipswich and held the Josiah Davis farm, (2. N. L. O.,) 
afterwards known as the Lewis Robbins farm, until his death. 
Several of his children settled in the immediate neighborhood, 
and to the present time hold a wide expanse of land showing 
exceptionally faithful culture in that part of the town. Chil- 
dren : 

136. i. Elbridge Fordice, b. Nov. 10, 1848; unm. Res. in Greenville. 

137. ii. Viola M., b. Apr. 21, 1850; m. Sept. 26, 1898, Henry W. 


138. iii. Marcia, b. July 14, 1852 ; m. Orren French. 

139. iv. Gardner Gay, b. June 14, 1854.+ 

140. V. Samuel Henry, b. May 20, 18S7.-f 

141. vi. Leander Joseph, b. Aug. 4, 1859.+ 

142. vii. Edward Hildreth, b. Aug. 8, 1862.+ 

143. viii. Ida Belle, b. Jan. 19, 1866; m. Dec. 1, 1894, Lewis, son of 

Eben and Lucinda (Cutting) Damon of Ashby, Mass., 
where he is a carpenter. Child: i. Etta May Damon, b. 
and d. Feb., 1907. 

144. ix. Eliza J., b. Dec. 3, 1868; m. Charles Lysander Russell. 

91. Kendall^ (Joseph'', Silas^, Joseph*, James^, Simon^, 
Dolor^), b. Dec. 5, 1803; m. Apr. 14, 1831, Jane Ann, dau. of 
Isaac and Lydia (Keyes) Patten [b. Westford, Mass., May 22, 
1807; d. Athol, Mass., Apr. 4, 1898]. He was a physician in 
Reading, Mass., and Athol, Mass. Children : 

145. i. Milton Kendall, b. 1834; d. 1840. 

146. ii. Cornelia, b. 1836; d. 1840. 

147. iii. Alice Jane, b. Aug. 31, 1838; m. Nov., 1867, Dr. Albert S. 

Tobin. Child: {."Arthur Patten Davis Tobin, b. Aug. 23, 

148. iv. Lois Ann, b. Feb. 28, 1840; d. Jan., 1898; m. Nov., 1866, 

Stephen E. Bugbee. Children : i. Alice Bugbee, b. Oct., 
1867. ii. Mary Bugbee, b. July, 1869. 

149. V. Lucy Kendall, b. Mar. 26, 1842; m. Nov., 1867, Alvin N. 

Bugbee. Children : i. Alvin Bugbee, b. 1875 ; m. Jean Wat- 
son ; three children, ii. Newton Kendal! Bugbee. b. 1877 ; 
m. Florence Toms; two children, iii. Lucy Bugbee, h. Oct., 
1887. iv. Benjamin Harrison Bugbee^ b. 1889. 


Davis (Dolor) 

95. George^ (Joseph^ Silas^ Joseph^ James-\ Simon^ 
Dolor^), b. Oct. 16, 1817; m. Mary Ann Parker of Reading, 
Mass. He was a cabinet maker. He died at Longmont, Colo., 
as did also his wife. Children : 

150. i. Samuel. He was an organist and music-teacher in Long- 

mont, Colo., where he died. 

151. ii. Leila, d. in Colorado. 

152. iii. Mary, m. in Colorado. 

153. iv. Charles. Res. in Colorado. 

98. Horace^ (Joseph'', Silas^, Joseph*, James^, Simon^ 
Dolor^), b. June 6, 1825; d. Nov. 12, 1887; m. (1) Apr. 4, 1850, 

Maria Blanchard (43) ; (2) . He was a contractor 

and builder in Boston and vicinity. Child : 

154. i. Charles Horace, b. Feb. 7, 1859; m. Aug. 18, 1886, Bertha 

May Mott, dau. of Alvin Melrose and Abigail May (Smith) 
Bridgman of Provincetown, Mass. [b. June 25, 1865]. His 
mother dying upon the day of his birth, he was taken into 
the family of William D. Locke and reared as a son with- 
out change of name. He studied dentistry in the University 
of Pennsylvania and received the degree of D. D. S. in 1886. 
He is a successful dentist in Worcester, Mass., also an 
inventor of dental instruments. Child : i. Stanley Bridg- 
man, b. Mar. 20, 1888. 

102. James Putnam^ (James^ Silas^, Joseph*, James^, 
Simon^ Dolor^), b. Dec. 27, 1829; m.. (1) Oct. 25, 1855, Ann 
Elizabeth Prichard Houghton (7) ; (2) Sept., 1859, Jane 
Elizabeth, dau. of Herman Lake [b. July 21, 1826; d. Dec. 7, 
1908]. He was a carpenter. Children: 

155. i. Anna, b. Oct., 1857; d. Mar. 4, 1858. 

156. ii. William Eliot, b. Oct. 27, 1864; m. Mar. 17, 1886, Florence 

Josephine Bliss [b. Elmira, N. Y., May 21, 1862]. He was 
a theatrical manager and actor, but since 1904 has been a 
farmer in Davis Village. 

157. iii. Mary Wingate. 

103. Perley Bacon^ (James*', Silas^ Joseph*, James^ 
Simon^, Dolor^), b. Apr. 26, 1832; m. Feb. 12, 1862, Mary 
Frances Vining of Holbrook, Mass. He was educated at New 
Ipswich Appleton Academy, in which he was an assistant 
teacher for four years, during two of which, the first two after 
the attainment of his majority, he was elected superintendent 
of the public schools. He graduated from Andover Theo- 
logical Seminary in 1861 and has passed his life as a pastor 
in Massachusetts churches, five years at Sharon, twenty-five 
at Hyde Park, and seven at Dorchester. He resides in West 

Roxbury, Mass. Children: 


History of New Ipswich 

158. i. Albert Putnam, b. Jan. 5, 1866. He graduated from Am- 

herst College in 1887 and from Yale Divinity School in 
1894, having been a professor in Lincoln University before 
entering upon his professional study. He vv^as for ten 
years pastor at Wakefield, Mass., and later at Pomona, Cal. 

159. ii. Arthur Vining, b. May 30, 1867. He graduated from Am- 

herst College in 1888. He resides in Pittsburg, Penn., where 
he is president of the Aluminum Company of America. 

160. iii. Perley Edwards, b. Aug. 2, 1869; d. July 21, 1870. 

161. iv. Florence Wadleigh, b. July 10, 1871. She graduated from 

Wellesley College in 1894. 

162. V. Edward Kirk, b. Feb. 19, 1880. He graduated from Harvard 

College in 1903. He is connected with the Aluminum 
Company of America at Pittsburg, Penn. 

107. Richard Hall'' (Thomas'^, Silas'', Joseph^, James^, 
Siinon-, Dolor^), b. Aug. 24, 1823; d. May 2, 1907; m. June 5, 
1844, Asenath Blanchard (36). He came from his native 
town, Enosburg, Vt., to New Ipswich in early manhood, and 
passed practically his entire later life as a wheelwright in 
Smith Village, his shop being the nearest building to the 
bridge upon the southeastern side. Children : 

163. i. Laura Ann, b. Mar. 26, 1845; m. Jan., 1872, Clifford Prutz- 

man of Three Rivers, Mich. Child : i. Ernest Richard 
Prutzman, b. Mar. 9, 1873. 

164. ii. Mary Jeannette, b. Feb. 22, 1855 ; m. Dec. 25, 1893, Frank H., 

son of Charles O. and Frances (Holden) Whittemore. Res. 
in Smith Village. 

165. iii. Alice M., b. Aug., 1859; m. Mar. 4, 1886, Elwin L., son of 

James E. and Emily E. Edson. Res. in Leominster, Mass. 
Children: i. Florence Edson, b. Jan. 24, 1891. ii. Dwight 
Edson, b. Oct., 1895. 

109. James Benjamin'^ (Thomas*', Silas^, Joseph*, James^, 
Simon^ Dolor^), b. Dec. 23, 1832; m. June 3, 1859, Helen M. 
Bailey [d. Aug. 14, 1912]. He was a farmer with his father 
upon the "Campbell farm," (7, N. L. O.,) but after the father's 
death he built a house opposite the northern corner of the 
central burying-ground which was his home until 1913, when 
he removed to San Diego, Cal. Children : 

166. i. Minnie Belle, b. Oct. 7, 1863; d. Nov. 7, 1863. 

167. ii. Florence G., b. June 5, 1865 ; m. Henry L. Kingsbury, a furni- 

ture dealer in Fitchburg, Mass., who removed to San Diego, 
Cal., in 1913. Children : i. Esther Almira Kingsbury, b. 
Aug. 17, 1890. ii. Alberta Gertrude Kingsbury, b. July, 1900. 

139. Gardner G.« (SamueF, Elijah^, Elijah% Joseph^ 
James^ Simon^ Dolor^, b. June 14, 1854; m. (1) Sept. 25, 


Davis (Dolor) 

1877, Ann E., dau. of George H. and Sarah Ramsdell [b. 
1858; d. Apr. 15, 1893]; (2) 1900, Mrs. Emma F. (Ward) 
Chute, dau. of John and Sarah J. Ward of Portland, Me. [b. 
Sept. 27, 1862]. He is a farmer on the Benjamin Wilson 
farm, (69, A. D.) Children : 

168. i. Eva Marion, b. Aug. 16, 1878; m. June 10, 1902, William E. 

Preston (103). 

169. ii. Etta, b. Aug. 16, 1882; d. Mar. 2, 1883. 

170. iii. Effie May, b. Oct. 1, 1884. 

171. iv. Sarah Belle, b. Sept. 7, 1887. 

172. V. Hattie Ann, b. July 14, 1889; m. Sept. 17, 1910, Kenneth 

Allen. Res. in Somerville, Mass. 

173. vi. Marion Frances, b. July 4, 1901. 

140. Samuel Henry* (SamueP, Elijah", Elii'ah^, Joseph*, 
James^ Simon-, Dolor^), b. May 20, 1857; m. Sept. 30, 1886, 
Sarah E., dau. of Isaac B. and Mary H. (Smith) Heywood of 
Temple [b. Dec. 14, 1867]. He is a farmer upon the Russell 
farm, (44, N. L. O.) Children : 

174. i. Ernest Henry, b. Sept. 2, 1894. 

175. ii. Philip Heywood, b. July 18, 1901. 

141. Leander J.* (SamueF, Elijah", Elijah'^, Joseph*, 
James^ Simon^, Dolor^), b. Aug. 4, 1859; m. May 1, 1884, 
Alice M. Davis of Ashby, Mass. [b. Jan. 11, 1866]. He also 
is a farmer on the Russell farm, (44, N. L. O.) Children : 

176. i. WU.BUR Joseph, b. Mar. 25, 1891 ; d. Aug. 19, 1891. 

177. ii. Bernice May, b. Jan. 4, 1896. 

178. iii. Bertha Hazel, b. Apr. 1, 1900. 

142. Edward Hildreth* (SamueF, Elijah®, Elijah^, Jo- 
seph*, James^, Simon^, Dolor^), b. Aug. 8, 1862; m. Oct. 13, 
1897, Eliza Annie, dau. of Uriah and Sarah J. (Hadley) Law- 
rence of Rindge [b. July 27, 1874]. He has succeeded to his 
father's farm. Children : 

179. i. Ralph Chester, b. and d. Nov. 23, 1901. 

180. ii. Edward Lawrence, b. Sept. 22, 1903. 

DAVIS (Job). 

There is a tradition that Job Davis was the son of Jonathan", but 
there is no satisfactory proof of the lineage. 

1. JoB\ b. about 1776; d. Apr. 6, 1850; m. (1) Apr. 29, 

1805, Mary, dau. of Isaac and Mary (Crosby) Stearns (I. 4) 

[b. Feb. 19, 1783; d. July 1, 1846]; (2) Nov. 26, 1846, Sarah 

A., sister of first wife (I. 6) [b. Feb. 4, 1786; d. May 13, 1862]. 










History of New Ipswich 

He lived in Ashby, Mass., but came to New Ipswich about 
1843, and made the home of his later days on the Thomas 
Heald farm, (187, N. L. O.) Children: 

2. i. Isaac Stearns, b. July 11, 1806; d. Feb. 13, 1882; m. July 

10, 1833, Lydia Davies, dau. of Daniel and Betsey Blood 
[b. Apr. 26, 1807]. He settled in Holden, Mass. Seven 

3. ii. Orpah S., b. May 4, 1809; d. Aug., 1868; m. Samuel Esta- 

brook. Res. in Ashby, Mass. Two children. 

John U., b. Feb. 7, 181 1.+ 

Susan H., b. Feb. 2, 1814; d. Apr. 13, 1889; m. Sept. 13. 1837, 
William Swift Bennett. Res. in Ashby, Mass. Four chil- 

Mary A., b. 1816; d. Apr. 10, 1842. 

Onslow P., b. Apr. 24, 1818; d. Oct. 27, 1884; m. Sept. 16, 
1847, Susan M. Raymond of Gardner, Mass. Res. in Gard- 
ner, Mass. Two children. 

8. vii. Philo, b. 1820; d. Nov. 26, 1841. 

9. viii. Jonas B., b. Dec. 14, 1821; d. 1868; m. Aug. 4, 1856, Louisa 

Horton. He was a teacher in Brooklyn, N. Y. Four 

10. ix. Job, b. Jan. 28, 1823; d. Mar. 18, 1866; m. Jan. 1, 1851, Mary 

E. Bedell. He was a physician in Brooklyn, N. Y. Four 

11. X. LuciNDA M., b. Aug., 1825; d. Apr. 8, 1885; m. 1849, Silas 

Raymond of Winchendon, Mass. One son. 

4. John U.^ (Job^), b. Feb. 7, 1811; d. May 14, 1885; m. 
(1) Nov. 7, 1834, Mary Taylor [d. Mar. 2, 1844] ; (2) 1846, 
Sarah E. Estabrook [d. Dec. 25, 1891]. He lived upon the 
farm previously his father's, (187, N. L. O.,) nearly twenty 
years from the time of his father's death, and held a prominent 
position in the activities of the town. He was selectman for 
several years, and twice represented the town in the Legisla- 
ture. In 1869 he removed to Ashby, Mass. Children : 

12. i. Edward E., b. Jan. 4, 1836; d. Aug. 15, 1862. He enlisted 

early in the Civil War in the 1st Minnesota Regiment and 
was captured, after receiving a fatal wound, at the battle 
of Fair Oaks. 

13. ii. Albert H., b. July 6, 1837 ; d. Dec. 13, 1862. He also lost his 

life in the Civil War, while a member of the 6th New 
Hampshire Regiment. 

14. iii. Abbie L., b. July 12, 1839; m. Dec. 25, 1858. Joel A. Hayward 

of Ashby, Mass. He was a soldier of the Civil War in 
the 53d Massachusetts Regiment. Six children. 

15. iv. Charles K, b. Sept. 12, 1847; m. July 12, 1876, Delia Willis 

[d. June, 1883]. Res. in New York city. Child: i. Fred 
Earle, b. Dec. 29, 1877. 


Davis (Job) 

16. V. Samuel A., b. Sept. 18, 1849; d. in New Zealand while yet a 

young man. 

17. vi. Emilie Kate, b. Apr. 21, 1854; m. June 6, 1876, John A. Piper 

of Ashby, Mass. Four children. 


Anthony^ Dix came to Plymouth, 1623; d. Dec. 15, 1636; m. Tabitha 

. He was a sea-captain. He moved to Salem in 1632. He was 

wrecked on Cape Cod, and there lost his life. His widow m. Nathan 
Pitman of Salem. 

Ralph' (Anthony'), d. Sept. 24, 1688; m. Esther . He was a 

fisherman and a planter of Ipswich, Mass. Removed to Reading, Mass., 

John' (Ralph'. Anthony'), b. Ipswich, Mar. 12, 1658; d. Reading, 

May 12, 1745; m. (1) June 30, 1692, Lydia [d. June 9, 1699]; (2) 

May 28, 1700, widow Anna Fitch. He was a farmer at Reading. 

Jonathan' (John', Ralph', Anthony'), b. Reading, Apr 11, 1710; d. 
Boscawen, N. H., Dec. 24, 1804; m. June 28, 1739, Sarah, dau. of Rev. 
Benjamin and Martha (Sherman) Shattuck [d. Sept. 30, 1775] ; (2) 
Mar. 17, 1779, Miriam Kneeland of Harvard, Mass. [d. Jan. 7, 1829]. Res. 
Hollis, where his thirteen children were born. 

1. Jonathan^ (Jonathan*, John^, Ralphs Anthony^), b. 
Apr. 3, 1742; d. in Nova Scotia; m. (1) Anna Kimball of 
Fitchburg; (2) Joanna Foss of Portsmouth. He came to 
New Ipswich in 1764, and remained until 1771. He established 
the first store in town upon the south side of the old "country 
road" where the house long owned by Rev. Samuel Lee now 
stands. The building also did duty as a tavern. In 1767 he 
was on the committee chosen to "settle with the selectmen," 
the town ofBcer now known as auditor then apparently being 
in process of evolution. As the dissatisfaction with British 
rule preceding the Revolutionary War developed he remained 
loyal to the king, and for some reason this sentiment was not 
judged so leniently by his fellow townsmen as the like senti- 
ments held by a few other prominent citizens. When a de- 
serter from the British troops in Boston was captured in the 
northern part of the town and brought to the tavern and 
confined before the return to Boston, and the popular indigna- 
tion was manifested by hanging the inn-keeper in effigy, hang- 
ing a dead dog to his door, and other equally offensive tokens 
of the popular purpose, it doubtless seemed to him best to 
leave the town, and in fact the entire rebellious region, for a 
residence in Nova Scotia. He was named in the proscribing 
act of 1778, and his property confiscated. Only two children 

are known : 


History of New Ipswich 

2. i. Jonathan, d. 1796 in West Indies, unm. 

3. ii. An infant. 


JoHN^ Eaton, d. Nov. 17, 1658; m. Abigail Damon. He came with 
wife from London, England, in 1635, and was admitted freeman at Water- 
town in 1636. The following year he removed to Dedham, which was 
his home until his death. 

John' (John^), b. about 1636; m. Alice . He resided at Dedham. 

William' (John^ John'), b. 1677; d. 1718; m. 1704, Mary Starr. He 
res. at Dedham. 

JosiAH^ (William^ John% John'), b. 1711; d. 1802; m. 1736, Sarah 
Day. He removed from Dedham to Needham, where he died. 

John" (Josial^ William', John^ John'), d. Nov. 24, 1827; m. May 17. 
1779, Mary Larkin of Lancaster, Mass. [d. Sept. 22, 1817]. He removed 
to Winchendon, Mass., before his marriage and settled in that part which 
was afterward detached in the formation of Gardner, in which town he 
died. He was a Revolutionary soldier. 

Josiah" (John^ Josiah^ William^ John^ John'), b. June 13, 1787; d. 
Dec. 7, 1862; m. 1811, Mary, dau. of Jonas and Rhoda (Johnson) Reed 
of Ashburnham, Mass. [d. Aug. 12, 1872]. At about 1816 he removed 
from Gardner to Ashburnham, which was afterward his home. 

1. Merrick^ (Josiah^ John^ Josiah*, WilIiam^ John^, 
John^), b. Sept. 30, 1811; d. Feb. 16, 1875; m. (1) Elizabetli 
A. Gates of Gardner; (2) June 14, I860,' Rebecca Clarissa, dau. 
of Francis and Susanna (Foster) Lane of Ashburnham [b. 
Jan. 29, 1827]. He resided in Smith Village from 1840 to 
1851, occupying the last house in the village upon the road to 
Gibson Village, and then returned to Ashburnham. Children : 

5. i. Harriet, b. May 11, 1839; m. Noah Hardy of Hollis, N. H. 

6. ii. Albert, d. young. 

7. iii. Mary Jane, b. Sept. 10, 1845; m. Apr. 15, 1864, William H. 

Cruse. Res. in South Ashburnham. Three children. 

8. iv. Ellen, d. young. 

2. JosiAH^ (Josiah^ John^, Josiah*, William^ John^, John^), 
b. May 5, 1814; d. Saratoga, N. Y., Mar. 29, 1865; m. Dec. 5, 
1839, Abigail Wheeler (79). He res. in the Center Village 
for a few years after his marriage. Children : 

9. i. Francis Albertus, b. Apr. 14, 1843; m. Dec. 3, 1868, Mary 

A. Strong. 
10. ii. William Henry, b. July 5, 1849; married. 

3. HosEA^ (Josiah«, John^ Josiah^ William^ John^, John^), 
b. Mar. 10, 1820; d. Rindge, Nov. 27, 1879; m. Nov. 27, 1845, 
Mary Wheeler (80). He passed the greater part of his ma- 
ture life in New Ipswich, occupied at first as a carpenter and 



a public school teacher, but later he became largely engaged 
in various public duties. He presided as moderator of the town 
meetings for more than twenty years, represented the town 
in the Legislature for several years, and afterward was elected 
to the Senate. During the period of the draft for soldiers to 
serve in the Civil War he was provost marshal of the Second 
District of New Hampshire, and later received appointment 
as Collector of Customs at Boston. Child: 

11. i. Frederic H., b. Dec. 10, 1861; d. 1885; m. July 4, 1883, Cora 

E. Decker. 

4. Otis W.^ (Josiah^ John^, Josiah*, William^ John^, 
John^), b. May 29, 1823; d. Saratoga, N. Y., Nov. 4, 1871 ; m. 
Dec. 22, 1842, Harriet Wheeler (81). His residence in town 
was brief, but the unusual marriage of three brothers to three 
sisters demands recognition in the town history. Children : 

12. i. George P., b. June 14, 1850. 

13. ii. Henry W., b. Mar. 19, 1857. 

14. iii. Nellie A., b. Jan. 9, 1866. 


Ebenezer^ Edwards, b. Acton, Mass., Mar. 23, 1757; d. Mar. 21, 1826; 
m. (1) Apr. 26, 1778, Lucy Wheeler of Lincoln, Mass. [d. Nov. 21, 1800] ; 
(2) May 12, 1801, Mary Flint of Lincoln, Mass. [d. Jan. 15, 1839]. He 
served in the Revolution, having a part in the first encounter at "The 
Bridge" and also later. He came to Temple before the close of the war 
and soon became a prominent citizen. He held all the principal town 

1. Ebenezer Prescott^ (Ebenezer^), b. Nov. 21, 1800; d. 
Feb. 11, 1857; m. July 2, 1829, Lucinda Spear (22). He came 
to New Ipswich at about the time of his marriage and passed 
his life in Center Village, where he was proprietor of the 
tavern at the stand on the turnpike just east from the corner 
store. He was also deputy sheriff. Children : 

2. i. Emily Elizabeth, b. about July, 1833; d. Dec. 5, 1847. 

3. ii. George Frederic. 


Thomas' Emerson, b. probably in Sedgefield parish, Durham, Eng- 
land; d. Ipswich, Mass., May 1, 1666; m. Elizabeth . He is said to 

have come from England in 1635 and settled in Ipswich in 1638 or earlier. 

Joseph^ (Thomas'), b. in England about 1620; d. Concord, Mass., Jan. 
3, 1680; m. (1) Elizabeth, dau. of Margaret and Robert Woodmansey of 


History of New Ipswich 

Boston; (2) Dec. 7, 1665, Elizabeth, dau. of Rev. Edward Bulkeley, the 
hrst minister of Concord, Mass. [b. 1638; d. Sept. 4, 1693, having m. (2) 
Capt. John Brown of Reading, Mass.]. He was a minister in Ipswich, 
York, Me., and Milton, Mass. From him diverges the ancestral line of 
Rev. Ralph Waldo Emerson. 

Peter' (Joseph^ Thomas'), b. 1673; d. 1751; m. Nov. 11, 1696, Anne, 
dau. of Capt. John and Anne (Fiske) Brown of Reading, his step-sister. 
He was a farmer in that part of Reading which became South Reading. 

Brown' (Peter^ Joseph^ Thomas'), b. Apr. 16, 1704; d. 1774; m. 
June 17, 1725, Sarah, dau. of John and Sarah Townsend [b. Reading, 
1705]. He was a leading farmer in Reading, where he was a deacon for 
many years, also town clerk and selectman for long periods. 

1. JoHN^ (Brown*, Peter^, Joseph", Thomas^), bapt. Apr. 
5, 1739; d. Nov. 14, 1809; m. Dec. 20, 1764, Katherine, dau. of 
Noah and Phebe (Lilley) Eaton of Reading [b. Dec. 19, 1744; 
d. Jan. 21, 1809]. He was a farmer, but having by some un- 
fair treatment lost his property, he removed from the family 
home and after a few years in Ashby, IMass., came to New 
Ipswich about 1783 and settled in the mountain region, prob- 
ably on 152, A. D., near the later location of the "white school- 
house," No. 8, on the turnpike, whence he removed fifteen 
years later and passed the last ten years of his life in Han- 
cock. Children, of whom probably but the two youngest were 
born in New Ipswich : 

2. i. John, b. Sept. 2, 1765; d. Mar. 15, 1835; m. Prudence Cow- 

drey [b. Reading, Mass., 1772, and survived her husband 
many years]. He settled in Reading, Vt., where he was a 
successful farmer. 

3. ii. Hiram, b. Apr. 9, 1767; d. Mar. 5, 1849; m. (pub. Nov. 14, 

1813) Mary Humber of Boston [b. Mar. 13, 1780; d. 1846]. 
He was a stonemason at Charlestown, Mass. 

4. iii. Catherine, b. Apr. 30, 1769; d. Oct. 5, 1796; m. David Smith. 

Res. at South Reading, Mass. Six children. 

5. iv. Reuben, b. Aug. 12, 1771; d. Mar. 11, 1860; m. Apr. 1, 1800, 

Persis Hardy [b. Rindge, 1776; d. Oct. 12, 1846]. He 
graduated from Dartmouth College in 1798 and entered the 
ministry. He was pastor at Westminster, Mass., for a few 
years, and then at South Reading, now Wakefield, until 
his death after a pastorate of fifty-five years. He had 
five children, of whom one was a physician, one a judge in 
Louisiana, one a professor of music, and one a printer. 

6. V. Jacob, b. June 10, 1773; d. Apr. 3, 1839; m. (1) Sept. 1, 1797, 

Dorcas, dau. of Enos and Dorcas (Nooning) Knight of 
Hancock [d. Mar. 3, 1816]; (2) 1818, Martha (Spaulding) 
Knight [b. Lyndeboro, Apr. 6, 1768]. He lived at Hancock 
until his second marriage, after which he removed to Keene. 
Eight children. 

7. vi. Noah, b. Aug. 28, 1775 ; d. Aug. 25, 1777. 



8. vii. Brown, b. Jan. 8, 1778; d. July 25, 1872; m. Oct. 29, 1806, 

Mary, dau. of Rev. Daniel and Susanna (Saunders) Hop- 
kins [b. Salem, Mass., Sept. 25, 1778; d. Apr. 4, 1866]. He 
graduated from Dartmouth College in 1802, and received 
the degree of D. D. from his Alma Mater in 1835. He 
was settled in Salem, Mass., in 1805, and held the same 
pastorate until his death sixty-seven years later, surviving 
the entire membership of the church and society at the 
time of his ordination. He was absent from his pulpit but 
five Sundays during the first fifty years of his ministry. He 
had ten children, of whom nine were living five years after 
their father's jubilee, and with their husbands and wives 
gathered at the home of their childhood, and on the Sabbath 
twelve couples of the family, with the venerable doctor and 
his wife at their head, entered the church together. Of this 
family of children the two oldest sons should appropriately 
be mentioned at this place: Daniel Hopkins, b. Jan. 23. 
1810; d. July 6, 1883; m. Nov. 7, 1836, Lucy Ann Page; he 
graduated from Dartmouth College in 1830, and like his 
father afterward received the degree of D. D. Edzvard 
Brown, b. Feb. 10, 1812; d. Jan. 17, 1888; m. May 10, 1841, 
Ann Lummus ; he graduated from Dartmouth College in 
1832 and followed the work of the ministry. The changed 
customs of later days did not encourage so long pastorates 
as that of their father, and it seemed advisable that they 
should labor in different positions as the years passed, but 
the elder one served in the pulpit during forty-seven years, 
and one of his sons entered the ministry, while the younger 
gave twenty-six years of like service, followed by fifteen 
years as the head of a family school for boys, and two of 
his sons followed the family profession, continuing to make 
evident the statement of the former history of the town 
that "Piety and preaching might well be the family motto." 

9. viii. Phebe, b. June 17, 1780; d. Aug. 25, 1795. 

10. ix. RoMANUs, b. Sept. 1, 1782; d. Oct. 10, 1852; m. Nov. 21, 1810, 

Joanna, dau. of Joshua Burnham [b. Milford, May 9, 1783; 
d. Aug. 5, 1868]. He too in early life intended to become 
a minister, but prevented by a persistent impediment in his 
speech, he became a carpenter at South Boston. Seven 

11. X. Anne, b. May 8, 1785; d. Oct. 4, 1864; m. Mar. 2, 1813, Abel 

Hewins. Res. in Roxbury, Mass. 

12. xi. Noah, b. Oct. 4, 1787; d. July 8, 1860; m. Feb. 10, 1830, Ama 

Smith [b. Hollis, Mar. 29, 1798; d. Jan. 3, 1861]. He 
graduated from Middlebury College in 1814, entered the 
ministry, and for twenty-five years was pastor at Baldwin, 
Me., and also gave missionary service elsewhere. 

Thomas Emer.son with five sons, distantly related to the 
preceding, settled in 1790 in the south margin of the town. 
He died in 1816, aged 75. 


History of New Ipswich 


The following sketch of this family has necessarily depended to a 
great degree upon various isolated traditions. It is, therefore, probable 
that it is less nearly accurate than if it were based upon records. 

JoHN^ Emery, son of John and Agnes of Romsey, Hampshire, Eng- 
land, b. Sept. 29, 1598; d. Nov. 3, 1683; m. (1) Mary [d. Apr., 1649] ; 

(2) Oct. 29, 1650, Mary (Shatswell), widow^ of John Webster of Ipswich, 
Mass. [d. Apr. 28, 1694]. He landed at Boston with wife and one or 
two children in 1635, and soon settled at Newbury, Mass., and there 
passed his life. He was chosen selectman, and held other offices, although 
he refused to obey the laws in respect to Quakers, and was fined for 
entertaining them. 

Jonathan' (John'), b. May 13, 1652; d. Sept. 29, 1723; m. Nov. 29, 
1676, Mary, dau. of Edward Woodman [d. Sept. 13, 1723]. He lived in 
Newbury. He served in King Philip's War, and was wounded in the 
Narragansett fight. 

Jonathan' (Jonathan^ John'), b. Feb. 2, 1680; m. Ruth, dau. of 
Caleb and Mary (Ladd) Richardson [b. Newbury, Dec. 4, 1683; d. Plais- 
tow, Sept. 18, 1749]. All his children were born in Newbury. 

Thomas'* (Jonathan', Jonathan^ John'), bapt. Jan. 6, 1722; m. Jan. 7, 
1745/6, Mary Greenough of the Haverhill district. 

1. Thomas^ (Thomas*, Jonathan^, Jonathan^, John^), b. 
Plaistow or near, 1748; d. Dec. 22, 1840; m. Westminster, 
Mass., Nov. 1.5, 1781, Mary, dau. of Samuel and Molly 
(Wason) Sawin [b. Nov. 21, 1782; d. Sept. 21, 1850]. He re- 
moved to Rindge in 1774, and came thence to New Ipswich in 
1808. He twice enlisted in the Revolutionary contest from 
Rindge, one of these enlistments being in the New Ipswich 
company of Capt. Joseph Parker, and later from Hampstead, 
which town was perhaps his home for a time, but he was in 
Rindge again in 1786. He sold six oxen to procure a gun for 
military service. Children : 

2. i. Ziba, d. 1808, unm. 

3. ii. Mary, m. William White. 

4. iii. Samuel, d. after reaching age of manhood, unm. 

5. iv. Betsey, b. about 1797; d. Mar. 2, 1850; m. May 6, 1830, Daniel 

Walker (J. 16). 

6. V. William, b. about l794.-\- 

7. vi. Thomas, b. about 1795. -|- 

8. vii. John, b. about 1800.+ 

9. viii. Hannah. 
10. ix. Sarah. 

6. William^ (Thomas^ Thomas*, Jonathan^ Jonathan^, 
John^), b. about 1794; d. Aug. 9, 1862; m. Mary Spofford [b. 
about 1794; d. Mar. 3, 1862]. He was a farmer living in dif- 











ferent parts of the town. For several years about 1850 he 
lived on the north side of the road from Hodgkins corner to 
the Gibson Village, (VIII: 3, S. R.,) in a house now des- 
troyed, and his later vears were passed on the Abijah Smith 
farm, (34. N. D.) Children : 

11. i. Mary T., b. about Sept., 1818; d. Nov. 20, 1846; m. John 

Langley. Res. Nashua. Child: i. Amos E. Laiigley, b. 

about Oct., 1846; d. Jan. 14, 1863. 
William G., b. about 1819.+ 
Almira O., m. (1) George Tower; (2) Edmund Bathrick. 

Res. after her second marriage near the center of 38, N. D. 

Child : i. Nancy C. Tower, b. Oct. 9, 1843 ; d. Feb. 27, 1844. 
Amos. He was a stonemason at Peterboro. One son. 
Horace B., b. about 1827; d. Feb. 16, 1866; m. June 6, 1850, 

Melissa Smith of Peterboro. 

16. vi. Eveline C, m. Mar. 14, 1850, Charles B. Marshall. Res. 

Bank Village. 

17. vii. Nancy, m. Charles Sleeper of Unity. 

18. viii. Sarah, d. unm. She was a cripple. 

19. ix. Edward. He was drowned in the factory pond at the age of 


20. X. Fanny Jane, b. about 1837; d. May 26, 1859. unm. 

7. Thomas'* (Thomas^"', Thomas*, Jonathan^ Jonathan^, 
John^), b. about 1795; d. June 2, 1860; m. Mar. 9, 1830, Han- 
nah Barker [b. May 5, 1799; d. Oct. 22, 1876J. He was a 
farmer in New Ipswich, but often changed his location in the 
town. His longest residence seems to have been upon the 
northern road from the Center Village to Greenville, in the 
house at the corner of the short street extending to the east, 
(29, N. D.) Children : 

21. i. Hiram B., b. about 1830; d. Sept. 17, 1852. 

22. ii. Martha Ann, b. May 16, 1834; d. Aug. 30, 1854; m. Dec. 22, 

1853, Joseph H. Peabody. 

23. iii. Thomas, d. aged 34 years. 

24. iv. Mary, b. about 1840 ; d. Nov. 2, 1870 ; m. Dec. 2, 1855, William 

J. LeFrancis of Cambridge, Mass. 

8. John*' (Thomas^, Thomas*, Jonathan^. Jonathan^, 
John^), b. about 1800; d. Mar. 8, 1882; m. Abigail Bruce of 
Marlboro, Mass. [b. about 1803; d. Nov. 22, 1884]. He was a 
farmer owning for fifty years or more the "Hoar farm" on 
the old "country road," next to the river, (V : 2, S. R.) Chil- 
dren : 

25. i. Hannah Maria, b. Dec. 5, 1827; m. Leonard Boodry. 

26. ii. John B., b. Jan. 21, 1829.-f 

27. iii. Abby A., m. Frederic B. Smith. 


History of New Ipswich 

12. William BJ (William^ Thomas^, Thomas*, Jonathan^ 
Jonathan^, John^), b. about 1819; d. Oct. 8, 1884; m. Mary B. 
Roby [d. Aug. 30, 1910]. He was a farmer and succeeded to 
the occupancy of the Abijah Smith farm, (34, N. D..) after his 
father's death. Children : 

28. i. Mary, b. 1848; m. 1864, William White. Res. in Gardner, 

Mass. Ten children. 

29. ii. Franklin J., b. Nov. 9, 1861; m. (1) Mary B. Levine; (2) 

Helen Johnson. He is a machinist, and has worked as such 
in New Ipswich and at Chester, Vt. Children: i. Frank. 
d. aged six months, ii. Frederic, died. iii. Frank, iv. 

26. John B.'^ (John'', Thomas^, Thomas*, Jonathan^, Jona- 
than'-', John^), b. Jan. 21, 1829; d. May 22, 1896; m. Nov. 23, 
1853, Laura, dau. of Leonard and Phila (Sprague) Stone [b. 
Mendon, Mass., May 12, 1832; d. May 4, 1910]. He was a 
stonemason in New Ipswich. He lived at the Center Village 
in the second house southward from the school-house, and at 
the corner of Hills street. Children: 

30. i. Eugene Roscoe, b. Nov. 16, 1857; unm. He was a machinist 

at Nashua during twenty-five years. 

31. ii. John Clarence, b. May 30, 1860; m. (1) Jan. 2, 1886, Etta 

Batchelder of Plymouth; (2) Jan. 9, 1894, Henrietta Lord. 
He is a printer, for a period at Concord, and later at Wor- 
cester, Mass. Children, b. at Concord : i. Clarence Eugene, 
ii. George Lord. 


Richard' Everett, d. July 3, 1682; m. (1) Mary [d. 1643]; (2) 

Jan. 29, 1643, Mary Winch. He came from Dedham, England, in 1634/5 
and as early as 1636 he was one of the proprietors of Dedham, Mass., 
which was his permanent home after 1638. He was selectman in 1661. 

John' (Richard'), bapt. Mar. 15, 1646; d. June 17, 1715; m. May 13, 
1662, Elizabeth, dau. of Robert and Elizabeth (Johnson) Pepper of 
Roxbury [b. May 25, 1645; d. Apr. 1, 1714]. He passed his life in Ded- 
ham and was a captain in service against the Indians. 

John' (John=, Richard*), b. June 9, 1676; d. Mar. 20, 1750/1; m. (1) 
Jan. 3, 1699/1700, Mercy Browne [b. about 1678; d. Nov. 27, 1748]; (2) 
Aug. 31, 1749, Mrs. Mary Bennett of Wrentham. He passed his life in 
Dedham, and was a selectman for several years and the first deacon of 
the Second church. Hon. Edward" Everett, so prominent for years in 
national and state matters, was his descendant by the line Ebenezer\ 

Edward" (John^ John", Richard*), b. Oct. 18, 1714; d. June 30, 1745; 
m. Jan. 23, 1738/9, Mary, dau. of Eleazer and Mary Battle Allen [b. Jan. 
10, 1717; d. Jan. 1, 1760; m. (2) Gamaliel Gerould of Wrentham]. He 
res. in Dedham. 



David= (Edward', John^ John', Richard'), b. Apr. 16, 1745; d. June 
26, 1775; m. Oct. 27, 1767, Susannah, dau. of Stephen Rolfe [b. Feb. 22, 
1743]. Res. Princeton, Mass. He entered service at the opening of the 
Revolutionary War, was engaged in the battle of Bunker Hill and died 
while in service. Three of his children were resident in New Ipswich. 

1. Olivia« (David^ Edward^ John^ John^, Richard^), b. 
July 22, 1768; d. Dayton, O. ; m. Benjamin, son of Benjamin 
and Priscilla Adams of New Ipswich (W. 22). 

2. David« (David^ Edward^ John^ John^, Richard^), b. 
Mar. 29, 1770; d. Dec. 21, 1813; m. Dec. 23, 1799, Dorothy, 
dau. of Dea. Isaac and Mary (Adams) Appleton (7). He 
taught in New Ipswich. He graduated from Dartmouth Col- 
lege 1795, entered the legal profession, and practiced at Am- 
herst, 1801-07. Removed to Boston and engaged in editorial 
work on the Boston Patriot and Boston Pilot. In 1813 he 
removed to Marietta, O., and died within a few months. His 
widow returned to New Ipswich and made her home in the 
house which she gave the Congregational church. 

3. JoHN^ (David^ Edward*, John^ John-, Richard^), b. Feb. 
18, 1776; d. Aug. 25, 1859; m. (1) Jan. 7, 1801, Hannah Brooks 
Jones [b. Apr. 5, 1775; d. July 21, 1815] ; (2) Dec. 11, 1815, 
Elizabeth, dau. of John and Lydia Goen [b. June 15, 1783]. 
He came to New Ipswich and built a woolen mill on the 
North Branch ; first he only dressed cloth woven elsewhere, 
then manufactured broadcloths and cassimeres. He continued 
this till 1826, and afterward started mills in Mason Village 
and in Templeton. He was captain of a militia company, 
and then of the Independent Grenadiers. Children : 

4. i. John, b. Dec. 23, 1802.-|- 

5. ii. William Jones, b. Mar. 14, 1805; d. Enfield, Conn., Dec. 12, 


6. iii. David, b. Mar. 30, 1807; d. Templeton, Aug. 27, 1849; m. (1) 

July 26, 1830, Catherine B. Snell [b. about 1808; d. Jan. 17, 
1832]; (2) July 1, 1839, Elizabeth H. Stone [b. about 1818; 
m. twice after death of first husband]. 

7. iv. Stephen, b. Jan. 25, 1809. -f 

8. V. Adeline, b. June 10, 1811; d. Nov. 3, 1849; m. Jan. 1, 1834, 

Ezra, son of Ezra and Betsy (Perley) Hyde [b. Aug. 17, 
1807, at Winchendon, Mass.]. 

9. vi. Julia Ann, b. Jan. 18, 1813 ; d. 1891 ; m. Sept. 30, 1837, Elihu 


10. vii. George, b. May 19, 1817; d. Nov. 19, 1837. 

11. viii. Charles, b. Dec. 1, 1818.-|- 

12. ix. Edward, b. July 29, 1820.-f- 



History of New Ipswich 

13. X. Louis, b. Nov. 16, 1822; d. Nov. 21, 1860, unm. 

14. xi. Eliza, b. Feb. 28, 1825 ; d. Nov. 25, 1849, unm. 

4. JoHN^ (John^ David^ Edward*, John^, John^, Richard^), 
b. Dec. 23, 1802; d. Nov. 15, 1857; m. Oct. 28, 1828, Ann C. 
Adams. Res. Templeton, Mass., and Marshall, Mich. Chil- 
dren : 

15. i. Mary Ann Jones, b. Oct. 8, 1829. 

16. ii. Frances Josephine, b. Mar. 18, 1845. 

5. Stephen^ (John^, David^ Edward*, John^ John^, Rich- 
ard^), b. Jan. 25, 1809; d. May 27, 1867, at" Dracut, Mass.; m. 
Sept. 16, 1832, Alma, dau. of Thaddeus and Mary (Currier) 
Richardson [b. Dracut, Mar. 6, 1809; d. June 22, 1881]. He 
was a manufacturer in Lowell and Lawrence, Mass., and 
Biddeford, Me. Children: 

17. i. Alma Adaline, b. Sept. 23, 1833; d. 1856. 

18. ii. George Moody Thompson, b. Nov. 18, 1837 ; m. Sept. 30, 1891, 

M. Augusta, dau. of David and Lucy Adams. Res. Law- 
rence, Mass. 

19. iii. Hannah B., b. May 20, 1843; d. 1846. 

20. iv. Charles William S., b. 1846; d. 1850. 

11. Charles^ (John®, David^, Edward*, John^, Tohn^, Rich- 
ard^, b. Dec. 1, 'l818; d. Nov. 1, 1896; m. Maria P., dau. 
of Josiah Wheeler [b. Royalston, Mass., Sept. 10, 1821]. He 
was a woolen manufacturer and merchant at Otter River. 
Children : 

21. i. Sarah Sophia, b. 1844; d. Mar. 7, 1892; m. (1) Porter B. 

Webber of Templeton, Mass.; (2) Oct. 16, 1877, Austin L. 
Bond of Greenfield, Mass. 

22. ii. John Wheeler, b. 1846; d. Sept. 23, 1847. 

23. iii. Mary Turner, b. 1850; d. Oct. 29, 1851. 

12. Edward^ (John«, David^ Edward*, John^, John^, Rich- 
ard^), b. July 29, 1820; d. Oct. 24, 1853; m. June 2, 1848, Eliza 
Ann, dau. of Quincy and Sally Sylvester [b. Townsend, Mass., 
Nov. 18, 1827; m. (2) Alfred M. Adams]. He was a designer 
in print mills of Lowell and Lawrence, Mass. Children : 

24. i. Innis F., b. Apr. 8, 1849; d. Apr. 4. 1872. 

25. ii. Edward, b. Oct. 4, 1850; m. Oct. 11, 1881, Rosa M., dau. of 

Charles and Anna MichalHs [b. New Ulm, Minn., Aug. 26, 
1859]. Res. Big Timber, Mont. Children: i. Anna 
Gretchen, b. Feb. 8, 1890. ii. Inez Francena, b. Jan. 15, 1893. 



Jonathan* Fairbank, m. Halifax, Yorkshire, England, May 20, 1617. 
Grace Smith. He came to New England in 1633 and settled at Dedham, 
Mass., where he built the old "Fairbanks House," which is still standing^ 
and is believed to be the oldest dwelling house in New England which has 
been owned and occupied continuously by its builder and his lineal 
descendants to the present time. His name is one of the 125 names 
attached to the famous covenant which was the foundation of Dedham. 

Jonas' (Jonathan'), b. Halifax, England, Mar. 6, 1624; d. Feb. 10, 
1676; m. May 28, 1658, Lydia, dau. of John Prescott. He removed in 
1657 from Dedham to Lancaster, Mass., where he was one of the "fathers 
of the town." He and his son Joshua were of the thirty residents of that 
town who were killed by the Indians on the same day. His widow m. 
(2) Elias Barron of Watertown, Groton, and Lancaster. 

Jabez' (Jonas', Jonathan'), b. Lancaster, Jan. 8, 1671; d. May 2, 1758; 
m. (1) Mary, dau. of Thomas and Mary (Houghton) Wilder [b. about 
1672; d. Feb. 21, 1718]; (2) Mar. 25, 1719, Elizabeth Whitcomb [b. about 
Sept., 1674; d. May 11, 1755]. He was a captain in the Indian wars, and 
represented Lancaster in the General Court several times. 

Jonas" (Jabez', Jonas', Jonathan'), b. Lancaster, 1703; d. Nov. 4, 1792; 
m. Apr. 8, 1731, Thankful, dau. of Josiah Wheeler [bapt. Sept. 30, 1711; 
d. May 15, 1795]. He res. in Lancaster and was a soldier in the French 
and Indian wars. 

JosiAH° (Jonas", Jabez', Jonas', Jonathan'), b. May 22, 1734; d. May 
9, 1798; m. Jan. 22, 1761, Abigail Carter [d. Nov. 20, 1815; m. (2) Dea. 
Samuel Wilder of Ashburnham]. He was a soldier in the Colonial and 
Revolutionary wars. 

1. Ephraim^ (Josiah^, Jonas*, Jabez^, Jonas-, Jonathan^), b. 
Mar. 16, 1770; d. Sept. 11, 1837; m. May 14, 1795, Sally, dau. 
of James and Mary (Melvin) Chandler (7). He came to New 
Ipswich soon after attaining his majority and established a 
blacksmithy in Davis Village. His home was in the house on 
the eastern side of the road from Hodgkins' Corner. He re- 
mained in town about twenty-five years, then removed to Oak- 
ham, Mass., and thence a few years later to Jacksonville, 111., 
where they both died. Children, all born in New Ipswich : 

2. i. John Barnard, b. Mar. 16, 1796.+ 

3. ii. Samuel, b. Sept. 30, 1799; d. Mar. 30, 1803. 

4. iii. James Chandler, b. May 24, 1801.-]- 

5. iv. Ephraim Wilder, b. Oct. 31, 1804; d. Cincinnati, O., Apr. 22, 

1828, unm. 

6. V. Daniel Willard, b. Nov. 10, 1808; d. Cincinnati, O., Aug. 27, 

1835; m. Susan West, dau. of Elijah and Susanna (Weeks) 
Freeman [b. Mar. 27, 1808; d. 1888; m. (2) Benjamin 
Larrabee, president of Middlebury College]. 

7. vi. Sarah Ann, b. July 10, 1812; d. Oct. 6, 1832; m. Phineas 

Norton. Res. in Oakham, Mass. 


History of New Ipswich 

8. vii. Richard Hall, b. Aug. 7, 1814; d. Sept. 7, 1814. 

9. viii. Martha Bacon, b. July 26, 1816; d. Sept. 14, 1838; m. Barlow 

Freeman. Res. in Jacksonville, 111. 

2. John Barnard^ (Ephraim", Josiah^, Jonas*, Jabez", 
Jonas^, Jonathan^), b. Mar. 16, 1796; d. June 7, 1873; m. Nov. 
6, 1821, Hannah Maria Cressey. He attended the Academy 
before leaving town with his parents, and became a successful 
teacher. He was for a time principal of the academy at Stam- 
ford, Conn., where he married. He was engaged for several 
years in the manufacture of hats, bonnets, and other straw 
goods in Oakham, Mass., and in New York, but in 1837 he 
removed to Illinois and became a farmer at Jacksonville, and 
later near Concord in that state, where he died. He was a 
deacon. Children : 

10. i. Samuel Bacon, b. Dec. 24, 1822.+ 

11. ii. James Chandler, b. Jan. 13, 1825. -(- 

12. iii. Hannah Maria, b. May 25, 1827; d. Aug., 1829. 

13. iv. Daniel Wilder, b. Apr. 27, 1829.-J- 

14. V. John Barnard, b. Sept. 6, 1831. + 

15. vi. Hannah Maria, b. Sept. 25, 1833; d. Nov. 29, 1835. 

16. vii. Sarah Maria, b. May 26, 1835 ; d. Dec. 30, 1836. 

17. viii. May Amelia, b. May 14, 1838; d. Aug. 23, 1838. 

18. ix. Edward Beecher, b. May 21, 1841; d. Sept. 14, 1863. 

4. James Chandler'^ (Ephraim*', Josiah^, Jonas*, Jabez^, 
Jonas^ Jonathan^), b. May 24, 1801 ; d. Mar. 31, 1877; m. June 
9, 1825, Lurana, dau. of John and Susanna (Fay) Robinson, 
a descendant of John Robinson, the Pilgrims' pastor. He res. 
in Oakham, Mass. Children : 

19. i. Jeremiah Robinson, b. Oct. 4, 1826; m. Nov. 9, 1856, Margaret 

White of New Brunswick. Child : i. Jessie, b. Nov. 27, 
1860; d. July 29, 1889. 

20. ii. Lurana Wilder, b. July 12, 1828; d. Oberlin, O., July 23, 

1892; m. June 21, 1851, William Mellen [b. Temple, Feb. 
16, 1816; d. Oberlin, O., Feb. 12, 1892]. They were mis- 
sionaries at Natal, South Africa, for twenty-three years, 
and their late life was passed at Oberlin. Nine children. 

21. iii. Sarah Chandler, b. Oct. 13, 1830; m. Nov. 24, 1870, Ezra 

D. Batcheller. Res. at North Brookfield, Mass. 

22. iv. Susan Fay, b. Dec. 29, 1832; unm. Res. at Oakham, Mass. 

23. v. Martha Bacon, b. Sept. 30, 1835 ; d. Apr. 30, 1837. 

24. vi. James Ephraim, b. Mar. 20, 1838; d. Oct. 14, 1838. 

25. vii. John Barnard, b. Aug. 8, 1839; unm. He was a student in 

Amherst College at the time of the outbreak of the Civil 
War, left his studies, and enlisted as a private in the 36th 
Massachusetts Regiment. He completed his service, return- 
ing a major by brevet, and returned to college, graduating 



in 1867. He studied law in Columbia Law School, receiv- 
ing the degree of LL. B. in 1869. He practiced in Oakham, 
Mass., of which town he was selectman, member of school 
board, and representative. He removed to Dakota and is 
in legal practice at Deadwood. 

26. viii. Maria Thatcher, b. Apr. 18, 1841; m. Feb. 22, 1882, Daniel 

Rugg [d. July 20, 1888]. Res. in Champaign, 111., but after 
her husband's death she returned to Oakham. 

27. ix. Samuel Bacon, b. Aug. 8, 1843; d. Jan. 9, 1872; m. Apr. 6, 

1869, Lizzie J. Packard of Oakham. Child : i. James 
Packard, b. Nov. 18, 1870. 

10. Samuel Bacon^ (John B.'^, Ephraim**, Josiah^, Jonas*, 
Jabez^ Jonas^ Jonathan^), b. Dec. 24, 1822; d. May 31, 1898; 
m. (1) 1846, Abby Allen [d. 1852]; (2) July 11, 1856, Mary 
Ballantine [b. Sept. 10, 1836; d. Jan. 15, 1879]. He graduated 
from Illinois College in 1842, and from^ Andover Theological 
Seminary in 1845. He went to India as a missionary of the 
American Board the following year, and spent his life in that 
service. He was stationed at Ahmednagar, Western India. 
He received from his Alma Mater the degree of D. D. Chil- 
dren : 

28. i. Emily Maria, b. Nov. 21, 1846; m. 1871, Rev. Thomas Snell, 

a missionary of the American Board in Ceylon. Six chil- 
dren, all born in Ceylon. 

29. ii. Mary Crocker, b. and d. July, 1847. 

30. iii. John Melville, b. May 8, 1852; d. Nov., 1854. 

31. iv. Anna, b. Nov. 1, 1857; m. Rev. Robert M. Woods, pastor at 

Hatfield, Mass. 

32. V. Katie, b. May 8, 1859; m. Rev. Robert H. Hume, a missionary 

of the American Board at Ahmednagar. Four children. 

33. vi. Melvin, b. Mar. 7, 1861 ; d. 1864. 

34. vii. Henry, b. June 30, 1862; m. Sept. 16, 1886, Ruby Elizabeth, 

dau. of Rev. Charles and Julia (Terry) Harding of Shola- 
pur, India [b. Bombay, India, Oct. 23, 1860; educated at 
Wellesley College]. He came to America at the age of ten 
years, prepared for college at Phillips Andover Academy, 
graduated from Amherst College in 1883, studied for the 
ministry at Yale Theological School, and returned to India 
as a missionary of the American Board in 1886. Children : 
i. Samuel Ballantine, h. Dec. 7, 1887. ii. Allen Melvin, h. 
Sept. 27, 1889. iii. Rufh Elizabeth, b. Feb. 29, 1892. 

35. viii. Grace, b. Nov. 2, 1864. She is a kindergarten teacher. 

36. ix. Edward, b. June 5, 1867; m. June 14, 1893, Mary Adelaide, 

dau. of Ephraim and Mary A. (Young) Caskey of Morris- 
town, N. J. [b. May 24, 1871]. He came to America at 
the age of eleven years, prepared for college at Williston 
Seminary, graduated from Amherst College in 1889, and 


History of New Ipswich 

from Andover Theological Seminary in 1892. After a 
year's pastorate at Roxbury, Mass., he returned to India as 
a missionary of the American Board. Child : i. Adelaide 
Ballantine, b. Mar. 26, 1895. 

37. X. James, b. June, 1870; d. 1870. 

38. xi. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 10, 1871; m. June 22, 1897, William H. 

Hastings of Staten Island, N. Y. She graduated from Mt. 
Holyoke College in 1893. 

39. xii. Rose, b. Aug. 1, 1874. She graduated from Smith College in 


40. xiii. Mary Darling, b. Jan. 5, 1878. She graduated from Smith 

College in 1899. 

11. James Chandler^ (John B.^ Ephraim^, Josiah^, Jonas*, 
Jabez^ Jonas^ Jonathan^), b. Jan. 13, 1825; d. Feb. 7, 1893; 
m. (1) Oct. 4, 1847, Hannah B., dau. of Ebenezer Carter [d. 
Mar. 28, 1862] ; (2) Jan. 1, 1865, Mary Lucy, dau. of Samuel 
and Mary (Safford) Daniels. He went with his parents to 
Illinois at the age of twelve years, and spent his life in Jack- 
sonville or its neighborhood. He completed his Junior year 
at Illinois College, and then entered into mercantile business 
with his brother Daniel Wilder. Later in life he became a 
farmer. He was a director of the First National Bank of 
Jacksonville, and held the office of deacon. Children : 

41. i. Samuel Allen, b. Jan. 13, 1850. 
Ellen Maria, b. Mar. 24, 1853; m. Oct. 7, 1873, Milton O. 

Matthews of Joy Prairie, 111. One child. 
Mary Amelia, b. Apr. 16, 1858 ; m. Aug. 26, 1890, Charles H. 

Smith. Two children. 
Georgia May, b. May 1, 1868. 
James Edward, b. Jan. 7, 1871. 
Arthur Daniels, b. Mar. 17, 1876. 

13. Daniel Wilder^ (John B.^ Ephraim^ Josiah^, Jonas*, 
Jabez^ Jonas^ Jonathan^), b. Apr. 27, 1829; d. Feb. 19, 1893; 
m. Aug. 21, 1850, Sarah, dau. of John Epler. He studied in 
Illinois College with a view to the ministry, but ill-health 
changed his plans and he became a teacher, and also a part- 
ner of his brother James Chandler in mercantile pursuits. He 
was a member of the city council of Jacksonville, 111., and also 
a trustee of Illinois College. Children : 

47. i. Evelyn Hall, b. June 7, 1851; m. June 4, 1872, George 

Wyckoff Brown. Three children. 

48. ii. Fanny Gertrude, b. May 22, 1854; m. Dec. 16, 1880, Edward 

C. Carter of Chicago, 111. Three children. 

49. iii. Sarah Maria, b. Nov. 22, 1861. 













14. John Barnard^ (John B.\ Ephraim^ Josiah^ Jonas*, 
Jabez^ JonasS Jonathan^), b. Sept. 6, 1831; m. (1) May 12, 

1859, Emily P. Mack [d. June 12, 1860] ; (2) Aug. 31, 1863, 
Ruth A. Boyce [d. June 20, 1889]. He graduated from Illinois 
College in 1857 and from Union Theological Seminary in 

1860. He has been pastor successively in Illinois, Wisconsin, 
Michigan, Indiana, and Minnesota, returning to his early home 
in Jacksonville, 111., in 1902. He received the degree of D. D. 
from his Alma Mater in 1895. Children : 

50. i. Herbert Augustus, b. Apr. 19, 1860. He res. in San Fran- 

cisco, Cal, where he is connected with the California Fruit 

51. ii. Edward Boyce, b. July 1, 1865; d. Oct. 24, 1868. 

52. iii. John Wilder, b. Feb. 15, 1867; d. Feb. 9, 1890. 

53. iv. Marion Emily, b. Jan. 18, 1871. She graduated from Carle- 

ton College in 1890. 

54. V. Arthur Boyce, b. Oct. 31, 1873. 


William' Faris, b. about 1700; d. May 5, 1789; m. twice, his second 
wife d. 1781. He was captain in the English army in 1745, and served as 
late as 1759. After retiring upon half pay he lived at West Cambridge, 
Mass., and later at Needham, where he was a justice of the peace. 

1. William^ (William^), b. about 1749; d. Oct. 22, 1814; 
m. Betsey, dau. of Samuel and Sarah (Spaulding) Cummings 
(7) [d. Nov. 28, 1810]. He was probably son of his father's 
first marriage, and there are indications that he passed his 
youth in some New Ipswich family. At all events, soon after 
reaching the age of twenty-one he bought lot 87, A. D., where 
he probably lived for about fourteen years. The vestiges of 
a cellar long visible a quarter-mile to the westward from the 
site of the former Conant house on Page Hill probably mark 
the place of his dwelling, situated upon a road now nearly 
obliterated extending from the "Blanchard house," (84, A. D.,) 
to a point on the old "Tenney road" a little south from No. 6 
school-house. His name is borne upon the roll of those march- 
ing from New Ipswich on the morning of April 20, 1775. 
About 1785 he removed to the part of Needham, Mass., which 
is now included in Natick, where he was a selectman and 
otherwise a prominent citizen. Children : 

2. i. William. He settled in Natick. 

3. ii. Robert Pateshall, d. 1830. He inherited the New Ipswich 

property, but there are no indications of his ever having 


History of New Ipswich 

removed to the town. He graduated from Harvard College 
in 1815. He was a successful lawyer in Missouri. 

4. iii. Sally, m. Michael Gay of Watertown, Mass. 

5. iv. Jane, b. Jan. 11, 1788; d. Feb. 9, 1865; m. June 11, 1811, Wil- 

liam Fiske of Cambridge, Mass. 


The town records give very little concerning this family, and the 
family history presents the New Ipswich branch with too many omissions 
and certain errors to give assurance of accuracy. It is feared that the 
following sketch is only approximately correct. 

Matthias^ Farnsworth, b. about 1612; d. Jan. 21, 1688/9; m. (1) 
probably in England, but his wife's name is unknown; (2) Mary, dau. 
of George Farr of Lynn, Mass. [d. 1717]. He probably came from 
Farnsworth, Lancashire, England. He settled at Lynn, where his name 
first appears in 1657, although he may have arrived some years earlier. 
He removed to Groton, Mass., about 1660, where he was a weaver and 
also a farmer. He was a selectman in Groton and held other offices. 

Matthias' (Matthias'), b. 1649, probably of first m. ; d. about 1693; 
m. 1681, Sarah, dau. of John' and Sarah (Eggleton) Nutting [b. May 
29, 1663; m. (2) John Stone]. He passed his life in Groton, holding 
various town offices and serving in King Philip's war. 

Benjamin' (Matthias'), b. 1667; d. Aug. 15, 1733; m. 1695, Mary, 
dau. of Jonas and Mary (Loker) Prescott [b. Feb. 3, 1674; d. Oct. 28, 
1735]. He lived in his native town, holding the office of selectman and 
various other offices. 

Ebenezer' (Matthias', Matthias'), b. about 1684; m. Apr. 17, 1707, 
Elizabeth, dau. of Joshua and Abigail (Tarbell) Whitney of Watertown, 
Mass. [b. about 1686]. Res. Groton. 

JosiAH^ (Matthias', Matthias'), b. Feb. 24, 1687; d. Sept., 1744; m. 
(1) Mar., 1719/20, Mary, dau. of Ephraim Pierce [b. Aug. 9, 1696]; (2) 
June 1, 1710, Mary (Green), widow of Jonathan Nutting. Res. Groton. 

Jonas' (Benjamin', Matthias'), b. Oct. 14, 1713; d. Dec, 1803; m. 
1739, Thankful Ward of Worcester, Mass. [b. Feb. 15, 1712; d. May 1, 


Matthias* (Ebenezer', Matthias', Matthias'), b. Sept. 20, 1709; d. 
1796; m. (1) Feb. 24, 1730, Abigail, dau. of Samuel and Elizabeth Shedd 
[b. Nov. 7, 1708; d. May 11, 1748]; (2) Azubah (Burt) [d. 1812, aged 100 
years] widow of his brother Phineas, who d. 1752. Res. in Harvard, Mass. 

1. Thomas* (Josiah^ Matthias^ Matthias^), b. Apr. 1, 1731 ; 
m. (1) Elizabeth Tuttle ; (2) Nov. 12, 1753, Elizabeth Davis 
of Littleton, Mass. He lived in Lunenburg, Mass., whence 
he came to New Ipswich apparently as early as 1757, and 
certainly before the first town meeting after the incorporation, 
as at that meeting he was chosen one of the surveyors of 
highways. His residence continued until 1779. His home 
was in the northern half of the town, but its location therein 


Farns worth 

is not known. He was a revolutionary soldier, responding to 
the Concord call, and enlisting twice afterward. Children : 

3. i. Moses, b. Jan. 17, 1750; d. Oct. 23, 1837; m. (1) Annie Wilson 

of Alstead [d. Aug. 29, 1790]; (2) Rohanna Beckwith 
Crocker. He res. for a time in Alstead, but removed, hav- 
ing several different places of residence, the last being 
Sugar Grove, Pa. He served in the Revolution in the com- 
pany of Capt. Isaac Farwell. 

4. ii. Mary, b. Jaffrey about 1755 ; d. July, 1832. 

5. iii. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 20, 1757; m. Daniel Emery. Two children. 

6. iv. Catherine, b. Mar. 17, 1760; d. Williamstown, Vt., 1857. 

7. V. Lucy, b. Apr. 16, 1762; m. thrice. Res. Mexico, N. Y., 1847. 

8. vi. Hannah, b. June 7, 1767; d. 1817; m. Aug. 4, 1785, Abijah 

Stone. Res. St. Albans, Vt. The wife of U. S. Senator 
Jacob Collamer of Vermont was her daughter. 

9. vii. Thomas, b. May 30, 1768; m. Feb., 1791, Dimmis Ladd. Res. 

Alden, N. Y. 

10. viii. Rachel, b. Sept. 9, 1770. Res. Lancaster, 1847. 

11. ix. Joseph, b. June 25, 1772; d. Newport, July 19. 1837; m. (1) 

Feb. 27, 1803, Martha Shepherd [b. Nov. 4, 1780; d. Apr. 
2, 1834] ; (2) Nov. 27, 1834, Tryphena, widow of Col. Wil- 
liam Cheney of Newport, N. H. 

12. X. Jonathan, b. Aug. 12, 1774; m. Olive Kingsbury. 

13. xi. Sarah, b. June 11, 1776. Res. Alden, N. Y., 1847. 

2. Daniel* (Jonas^, Benjamin^, Matthias^), b. Oct. 14, 
1748. His name appears upon the tax-lists from 1772 to 1775, 
and he is said to have been a student in the office of Judge 
Champney. His name is not found on the printed roll of any 
body of Revolutionary troops, but the former town history 
records that he "deserted from his company, and went over 
to the enemy," and that he was named in the list of those who 
in 1783 were forbidden to return under penalty of death. 

Ebenezer' (Matthias*, Ebenezer', Matthias', Matthias'), b. May 10, 
1731; d. May, 1760; m. Feb. 20, 1755, Mary Nichols. Res. Boston. 

14. Harbor^ (Ebenezer^, Matthias*, Ebenezer^ MatthiasS 
Matthias^), b. June 10, 1756; d. Mar. 5, 1826; m. Mar. 12, 1778, 
Lucy Hale [b. about 1758; d. Jan. 29, 1838]. His unusual 
name was due to his birth on a boat while approaching the 
shore in Boston Harbor. He lived in Harvard, Mass., and 
later in Stoddard, but when nearly sixty years of age he came 
to New Ipswich and there made the home of his later years, 
living for a time on the south end of XII : 4, S. R., in the east- 
erly house of the two formerly standing upon the north side 
of the old road now discontinued, and later in the most south- 
erly house of Smith Village, built in part, at least, by Samuel 










History of New Ipswich 

Foster. The list of his children is probably incomplete, and 
their order is uncertain. Children : 


Lucy, b. about 1780; d. June 27, 1852; m. Stephen Spaulding 


Asa, b. about 1786; d. June 18, 1831; m. Mar. 24, 1823, Lucy 
Scollay [b. Ashburnham, Mass., Mar. 31, 1768; d. Sept., 
1842]. Res. Lancaster, but was in New Ipswich, 1807-09. 

19. V. Susan, b. about 1787; d. Dec. 23, 1873; m. William Blanchard 


20. vi. Ebenezer, b. Nov. 2, 1790 ; d. Oct. 18, 1863 ; m. Feb. 23. 1816, 

Mary Jane Ames [b. Hanover, Nov. 2, 1798; d. July 22, 
1870]. He was a shoe dealer in Detroit, Mich. 

21. vii. Nancy, m. Mar. 1, 1815, Warren Skinner of Brownville, N. Y. 

22. viii. Mary, m. Sept. 10, 1818, Ichabod Robbins of Chester, Vt. 

Two children. 

23. ix. Emily, b. July, 1799; m. Apr. 20, 1820, Andrew Conant (19). 

24. X. Sally, m. Dec. 27, 1823, Jonas Stone (23). 

25. Levi Farnsworth probably was a member of the fam- 
ily already considered, but the line of connection has not ap- 
peared. He married Eunice and the births of seven 

children are found in the New Ipswich records, which are 
silent in matters concerning him. Children : 

26. i. Jonathan Hadley, b. Aug. 15, 1776. 

27. ii. Elizabeth, b. Feb. 17, 1778. 

28. iii. Nathan, b. Feb. 15, 1780. 

29. iv. RuFUS, b. Feb. 15, 1782. 

30. v. Timothy Jones, b. Aug. 6, 1783. 

31. vi. Eunice, b. Sept. 22, 1785. 

32. vii. Levi, b. May 4, 1788. 

Samuel Farnsworth is named upon the roll of the com- 
pany of Capt. Robert Fletcher, 1778, which was so largely 
composed of New Ipswich men that his residence in the town 
is probable, but nothing more definite in relation to him has 
come to light. 


Two brothers, John and Jacob Farrar, were among the original pro- 
prietors of Lancaster, Mass., in 1653. There is a tradition, not entirely 
certain, that they came from Lancashire, England. The New Ipswich 
family has descended from the younger brother. 

Jacob* Farrar, b. 1620 or earlier ; d. Aug. 14, 1687 ; m. Ann . He 

had four children, whom he left with their mother in England until he 
had made a home for them in Lancaster, to which they came in 1658. 
During King Philip's War, 1675-76, two of his sons were killed and after 



the massacre by the Indians in the latter year he with his wife, son, and 
daughter and her husband went to Woburn, Mass., where he passed the 
brief remainder of his life. 

Jacob^' (Jacob'), b. about 1642; d. Aug. 22, 1675; m. 1668, Hannah, 
dau. of George and Mary Hayward of Concord, Mass. [b. Apr. 20, 1647]. 
He came to Lancaster about 1658, and lived there until killed by the 
Indians, as stated above. His widow, with her four children, returned to 
Concord, where the children were brought up and settled. 

George' (Jacob% Jacob'), b. Aug. 17, 1670; d. May 15, 1760; m. Sept. 

9, 1692, Mary Howe, probably dau. of Samuel and Mary (Wolley) Howe 
[b. Jan. 17, 1674; d. Apr. 12, 1761]. He became a large landowner in 
that part of Concord which is now Lincoln, his land being possessed by 
successive generations of his descendants. He was urged to settle farther 
in the interior of the country, and is said to have been offered one-half 
of the township of Southboro, Mass., for "two coppers per acre," and to 
have journeyed thither and examined the proposed purchase, but on his 
return to have declared that "it was so far off that it never could be 
worth anything," a remark which now seems worthy of utterance by his 
great-great-great-great-grandson, Artemus Ward. He was a selectman 
of Concord for several years. Descendants of two of his sons settled 
in New Ipswich. 

Joseph' (George', Jacob', Jacob'), b. Feb. 26, 1693/4; d. about 1732; 

m. 1715, Mary . He settled in Chelmsford. He was in "Lovewell's 

f^ght" in 1725. 

Samuel' (George', Jacob', Jacob'), b. Sept. 28, 1708; d. Apr. 17, 1783; 
m. Jan. 13, 1731/2, Lydia, dau. of Capt. Benjamin' (Humphrey') and 
Lydia (Minot) Barrett [b. Aug. 2, 1712; d. June 27, 1802]. His home 
was near the home of his boyhood, and he was one of the most influential 
townsmen, being at different times selectman, town clerk, and represent- 
ative, and also chairman of the Committee of Correspondence, member 
of the Middlesex Convention of August, 1774, which at so early a date 
clearly declared the purpose of Revolution, and also of the first Provincial 
Congress a few weeks later ; and despite his age had a part in the prac- 
tical support of his belief in the "Concord Fight" the next year. He 
was a deacon of the church in whose building the Provincial Congress 
met. He owned land in New Ipswich, and four of his children settled 
in this town. 

Isaac" (Joseph', George', Jacob', Jacob'), b. Chelmsford, Mass., Aug. 

10, 1719; d. 1807; m. Mar. 1, 1743/4, Sarah Brooks. Res. in Townsend, 

1. Stephen^ (Samuel*, George^, Jacob^, Jacob^), b. Sept. 8, 
1738; d. June 23, 1809; m. 1764, Eunice, dau. of Moses Brown 
of Beverly, Mass. He graduated from Harvard College in 
1755, being a classmate of John Adams, second president of 
the United States, fitted for the ministry, and commenced 
preaching at New Ipswich before he had completed his 
twenty-first year, was called to settle in the following year, 
and is believed to have drawn up the covenant under which 


History of New Ipswich 

a year later he organized the church over which he was first 
ordained pastor ; this position he retained until his death, al- 
most half a century after his or- 

STEPHEN FARRAR i- .• i • /• • • , 

dination, his entire ministry 

somewhat exceeding that peri- 

MiNisTER ^^ r^Yie story of his pastorate is 

1759 - 1809 j^ p^j.^ Qf ^j^g church history and 

PASTOR PATRIOT jg presented on a preceding 

COUNSELLOR page, but its enduring influence 

is evidenced by the tablet 

THIS TABLET placcd with appropriate ser- 

is PLACED BY vices, ouc hundred years after 

THE CHILDREN OP HIS PEOPLE his death, besidc the pulpit of 
TO HONOR t^^^ building which has suc- 

THE ABIDING POWER needed the place of his minis- 

try. He represented the town 

OF A NOBLE LIFE . \ n^^ ■ a T, ' ' ^ n 

in the 1 hird Provincial Con- 
gress, held in May, 1775. His 
home during the greater part of his pastorate was in the 
house at the corner formed by the Turnpike and the road 
leading from the summit of the hill northward to the Mill 
or Starch Factory Brook, but his last few years were passed 
in the house built by his son Stephen a short distance to the 
southwest, about equally distant from his earlier home and 
the old "meeting-house upon the hill." Children : 

5. i. Eunice, b. Aug. 18, 1765 ; d. Sept. 3, 1765. 

6. ii. Stephen, b. Aug. 17, 1766.+ 

7. iii. Eunice, b. Feb. 26, 1768; d. Apr., 1838; m. Peter Jones. Five 


8. iv. James, b. June 23, 1769; d. 1812; m. Araminta Turrell. Lived 

in Vermont. 

9. V. Isaac Brown, b. Mar. 27, 1771. -f- 

10. vi. Samuel, b. June 30, 1772; d. 1846; m. Deming. He 

graduated at Harvard College, 1793; lived at or near Fair- 
fax, Vt. Had a large family. 

11. vii. Prentice, b. Nov. 12, 1773; m. Elizabeth Osgood of Rutland, 

Vt. He settled in Canada. Seven children. 

12. viii. Polly, b. June 26, 1775; m. Samuel Dakin. He graduated 

from Dartmouth College in 1797. Five children. 

13. ix. Moses, b. Mar. 12, 1777; m. Electa Turrell. 

14. X. Lydia, b. Dec. 30, 1778; d. Aug., 1868; m. Mar. 6, 1800, Rev. 

Warren Pierce. He graduated from Dartmouth College in 
1799. Nine children. 

15. xi. Caleb, b. June, 1780.-1- 



16. xii. Nancy, b. June 14, 1782; m. (1) John Muzzy; (2) Hodg- 

kins; (3) Lovegrove. 

17. xiii. Ephraim Hartwell, b. Dec. 8, 1783. + 

2. James^ (Samuel*, George^, Jacob^, Jacob^), b. July 24, 
1741; d. July 11, 1767, unm. He came to New Ipswich after 
attaining his majority and settled upon VIII : 1, S. R., a short 
distance west from the site of the first church, burned during 
the temporary desertion of the town in 1748; here he com- 
menced the erection of the large house afterward occupied by 
his brother Timothy, which was occupied until the closing 
years of the nineteenth century before it was replaced by the 
present building upon the same spot. His position in the town 
was exceptionally honorable for so young a man, duties being 
intrusted to him such as were usually held by older citizens. 
At the time of his death he was a member of the committee 
for the building of the third meeting-house. 

3. Rebecca^ (Samuel"*, George^, Jacob^, Jacob^), b. Aug. 
13, 1743; d. Apr., 1829; m. Nov. 29, 1764, Dr. John Preston 
(3) and passed her entire life in the town. 

4. Timothy^ (Samuel*, George^, Jacob^, Jacob^), b. June 
28, 1747; d. Feb. 21, 1849; m. Oct. 14, 1779, Anna. dau. of 
Capt. Edmund Bancroft of Pepperell, Mass. [d. May 1, 1817]. 
He graduated from Harvard College in 1767, taught in and 
near Concord two or three years, came to New Ipswich as a 
teacher in 1770, and according to the vote of the town in the 
next spring he must have been the first teacher to teach in all 
the districts in succession, the grammar scholars from the 
entire town being supposed to follow him around from district 
to district. He soon became the possessor of the land upon 
which his brother James had begun to build. In 1774 he had 
not only the lot but also a part of each of the lots adjoining 
it upon the east and west. And now, at the age of twenty- 
seven years, his fellow citizens seem to have begun to recog- 
nize a broader ability to be employed in public matters, and 
gave him a responsible duty as chairman of a committee to 
protest and finally to refuse payment of a tax held to have 
been unjustly assessed by the King's justices sitting as a Court 
of Sessions. In 1774 he was chosen first selectman. His 
military experience was comprised in five days' service at the 
time of the Concord alarm. The Revolutionary government 
of the state, consisting of a Provincial Congress in session at 


History of New Ipswich 

Exeter, acting in conjunction with the Committees of Corres- 
pondence, on the same day issued to him a commission as 
major in the Minute-men then being enrolled and comprising 
about one-fourth of the militia of the state, and also appointed 
him Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, with a request that 
he would accept the latter as being the most difficult to fill. 
With this request he complied and held the position for six- 
teen years, when his judicial success was recognized by an 
appointment to the Supreme Bench of the state as associate 
justice, and eleven years later as chief justice. This last ap- 
pointment, however, he accepted with reluctance, and retained 
only a single year, but in 1803, having resigned his seat on the 
Supreme Bench, he was reappointed to the Court of Common 
Pleas of his own county. Here he presided for ten years, 
which with three years in a newly formed judicial circuit 
comprising three counties, completed a period of over forty 
years devoted to judicial service. The value of that service 
is perhaps sufficiently evidenced by the statement of Daniel 
Webster that he "never knew a judge more calm, dispassion- 
ate, impartial, and attentive, or more anxious to discover 
truth and to do justice." He seemed to feel that his judicial 
duties left no place for partisan activities, and although re- 
peatedly urged to be a candidate for election to Congress and 
to the governorship of the state he constantly refused, and 
declined office when once elected to represent the town in the 
Legislature. He made an exception, however, of the brief 
duties of a Presidential Elector, which he performed four times, 
perhaps having a different feeling in that matter on account of 
the strenuous endeavors which he had felt called to undertake 
in the critical year when it was to be decided that the several 
states were really to form a nation. An apparently reliable 
tradition concerning this critical period perhaps rightly has 
place here. In June, 1788, the prospect of the adoption of the 
Federal constitution was by no means bright. Eight states 
had accepted it, but the ninth one, necessary to make the pre- 
vious ones effective, was very doubtful. The New Hampshire 
convention was in session, and was not far from evenly divided 
on the question. Judge Farrar was not a member of the con- 
vention, but his Federal belief was too strong to permit him 
to rest without putting forth all his logical and persuasive 
powers to influence the decision. He seems to have been 



unable to move the New Ipswich delegate, Charles Barrett, 
who was an Anti-Federalist in belief, but tradition declares 
that at that time he was said to have convinced a sufficient 
number of the delegates of the absolute necessity of a real 
union in place of an hardly more than nominal confederation, 
and that the resulting vote was 57 to 47. When it was re- 
membered that four days later Virginia, the largest of the 
thirteen states, by the earnest labor of James Madison decided 
in the same way, and a month later the eminently potent ef- 
forts of Alexander Hamilton barely won the approval in New 
York by a very small majority, without which the union in 
name would have been geographically disunited, it seems that 
the three names of Madison, Hamilton, and Farrar stand 
locked together in the efforts of a national birth. 

Judge Farrar's public life closed in 1816, and at the age of 
sixty-nine years he retired to his farm, his books, and an 
honorable ease. His latest years were passed at the home of 
his daughter in Hollis, where he died at the age of one hundred 
and one years, seven months, and twenty-four days. In 1847, 
when he had lived a few days more than a century, his 
Alma Mater bestowed upon him the degree of Doctor of Laws, 
which without doubt pleased him, but which educed only the 
remark, "They have given me a feather to stick in my night- 
cap." Children : 

18. i. Anna, b. Mar. 31, 1785; d. Oct. 7, 1789. 

19. ii. Timothy, b. Mar. 17, 1788.-|- 

20. iii. Lucy, b. Dec. 6, 1789; d. Jan. 21, 1873; m. (1) Aug. 10, 1812, 

Rev. Richard Hall [b. Aug., 1784; d. July 13, 1824]; (2) 
June 6, 1826, Rev. Joseph W. Clary. 

21. iv. Anna, b. Nov. 22, 1791; d. Feb. IS, 1825; m. Sept. 1, 1813, 

Rev. Joseph W. Clary. 

22. v. Eliza, b. May 19, 1794 ; d. Oct. 25, 1861 ; m. Nov. 8, 1838, 

Oliver, son of Oliver and Jane Scripture [b. June 16, 1783; 
d. Nov. 7, I860]. He was a physician in Hollis. 
Mr. Hall and Mr. Clary, the sons-in-law of Judge Farrar, as given 
above, were intimate friends, classmates, and roommates at Middlebury 
College and Andover Theological Seminary; their ordinations, the former 
at New Ipswich and the latter at Dover, were separated by only a few 
weeks, their marriages by about a year, and the close of their family 
lives by death only a few months. The later marriage of Mr. Clary and 
Mrs. Hall formed a single family of the two, and seems to demand a 
modification of the usual forms of record in the presentation of the fam- 
ilies below. 

Children of Richard and Lucy (Farrar) Hall: 

i. Richard Hall, b. July 1, 1815; d. Dec. 31, 1815. 


History of New Ipswich 

ii. Richard Hall, b. Aug. 6, 1817; d. about 1907; m. Sept., 1850, 
Elizabeth Chapin. He graduated from Dartmouth College 
in 1847; studied at Union Theological Seminary, was or- 
dained at New Ipswich in 1850, and entered upon home 
missionary work in Minnesota, to which he devoted himself 
with eminent success throughout a long life. 

iii. Horace Hall, b. Apr. 6, 1819; d. Feb. 27, 1842. He graduated 
from Dartmouth College in 1839, and was a theological 
student and a teacher. 

iv. William Hall, b. Mar. 11, 1812; d. June 15, 1845. 

V. Lucy Farrar Hall, b. Jan. 1, 1823; d. July 16, 1870; m. 
George Buck of Hartford, Conn. Seven children. 
Children of Joseph W. and Anna (Farrar) Clary: 

i. Joseph Ward Clary, b. June 28, 1815; d. Milwaukee, Wis., 
Jan. 11, 1859. 

ii. Timothy Farrar Clary, b. Apr. 25, 1817; m. Nov. 17, 1852, 
Sarah S. Willard of Oxford. He graduated from Dart- 
mouth College in 1841 and became a minister. Five chil- 

iii. Edward Warren Clary, b. Nov. 6, 1819; d. June 16, 1852; 
m. Aug. 17, 1847, Charlotte Russell. Two children. 

iv. Anna Farrar Clary, b. Feb. 6, 1822; m. Sept. 20, 1854, Henry 
Walter of New Britain, Conn. 

V. William Clary, b. Jan. 3, 1824; d. Feb. 15, 1826. 
Children of Joseph W. and Lucy (Farrar) Clary: 

i. Eliza Farrar Clary, b. Mar. 23, 1827; unm. Res. in Connec- 

ii. George Clary, b. Apr. 13, 1829; m. Dec. 5, 1867, Mary Rebecca 
Dorance. He graduated from Dartmouth College in 1852, 
studied medicine, and was a physician at New Britain, Conn. 
Four children. 

Isaac" (Isaac', Joseph', George', Jacob', Jacob'), b. 1760; d. 1840; m. 

Nov. 30, 1786, Hannah, dau. of Rev. Dix of Townsend, Mass. [b. 

May 29, 1766]. He removed from Townsend to Hillsboro in 1798, and 
remained there until his death. 

6. Stephen® (Stephen^, Samuel*, George^, Jacob^, Jacob^), 
b. Aug. 17, 1766; d. Oct. 14, 1829; m. Oct. 11, 1795, Nancy 
Morse [b. about 1776; d. Feb. 22, 1854]. He lived in New 
Ipswich until the middle of his life, and for a time at least 
was proprietor of the mill half a mile north of the meeting- 
house, which was probably the first in town fitted for the pro- 
duction of wheat flour. He built the house situated in a north- 
west direction from the meeting-house of those days, occu- 
pied for a considerable time in later years by Dr. F. N. Gibson. 
He afterward lived in Groton, but returned to New Ipswich 
before his death. Children : 

24. i. Louisa, b. 1797; m. 1815, Daniel Smith. Three sons. 















Ann, b. Apr., 1800. 

Laura, b. Nov. 24, 1802; m. Sept. 23, 1826, Jabez Pratt of 

Boston. Two sons. 
Mary Ann, b. Mar. 2, 1804; m. John Higgins. 
Stephen Franklin, b. 1806; m. Catherine Jones. 
John Morse, b. 1815. 
George, b. 1817. 

31. viii. Prentice, b. 1819; d. 1820. 

9. Isaac Brown^ (Stephen^, Samuel*, George^, Jacob^, 
Jacob^), b. Mar. 27, 1771 ; d. 1838; m. Anna, dau. of Dr. Ebene- 
zer Lawrence of Pepperell, Mass. He lived in New Ipswich 
for a few years after reaching manhood, and had a tavern, 
and perhaps a store also, in a large one-story house previously 
occupied for the same purposes by Jonathan Dix, on the spot 
afterward occupied by the home of Rev. Mr. Lee near the 
foot of the Academy grounds. He then moved to Enosburg, 
Vt., of which town, organized in 1798, he was the first clerk. 
He had a large family, but the names of only the following 
have been found. Children : 

32. i. Betsy Lawrence, b. June 26, 1796. 

33. ii. Anna Fisk, b. June 4, 1798. She was the first child born in 

Ebenezer Lawrence. Lived in Burlington, Vt. 
Stephen, m. Anna, dau. of John and Nancy (16) (Farrar) 

Ephraim Hartwell, b. Sept. 20, 1808. He graduated from 

Middlebury College in 1831. 
Isaac B., m. Eveline Farrar (38) of Middlebury, Vt. 

15. Caleb'' (Stephen^, Samuel*. George^, Jacob^ Jacob^), 
b. Tune, 1780; d. June, 1849; m. Mar. 25, 1804, Sarah Parker 
(S."l3). Res. Middlebury, Vt. Children: 

38. i. Eveline, m. Isaac B. Farrar (37) of Fairfax, Vt. 

Edward William, d. May 15, 1845. 

Clarissa R., m. Daniel West of New Haven, Vt. 

Louisa, b. Mar. 5, 1816; d. Oct. 8, 1838. 

Henry Brown, b. Mar. 3, 1818. He graduated from Middle- 
bury College in 1841 and removed to North Carolina. 

Martha, b. 1820; m. 1849, Philander V. Hathaway. 

George Parker, b. 1822. He was a merchant in Manchester, 
N. H. 

17. Ephraim Hartwell^ (Stephen^ Samuel*, George^ 
Jacob^, Jacob^), b. Dec. 8, 1783; d. Jan. 8, 1851 ; m. 1826, Phebe 
Parker (S. 14), widow of Jonas C. Champney. In early man- 
hood he went to Boston, where he taught for nearly twenty 
years, returning to his native town a year or two before his 























History of New Ipswich 

marriag-e, and living in the house which had been the home 
of his father's last years and of his widowed mother. He held 
the office of town clerk for fourteen years, and was a trustee 
of the Academy until his death. Child : 

45. i. Sarah Eunice, b. Aug., 1827; d. Mar. 18, 1867. She was a 
successful teacher for several years in Bufifalo, N. Y., and 
for shorter periods in New Ipswich Appleton Academy 
and elsewhere. 

19. Timothy^ (Timothy^ Samuel*, Georg-e^ Jacob^, Jacob^), 
b. Mar. 17, 1788; d. Oct. 27, 1874; m. Sept. 14, 1817, Sarah 
Adams of Portsmouth, N. H. [b. May 22, 1789; d. June 30, 
1875]. He graduated from Dartmouth College in 1807, studied 
law in the office of Daniel Webster, was admitted to the bar 
in 1810, and commenced the practice of his profession in New 
Ipswich, where he remained only about three years before he 
removed to Portsmouth and became a partner of Mr. Webster 
for an equal length of time. He remained in practice at Ports- 
mouth until 1822, and this was followed by a few years' ser- 
vice as secretary and treasurer of Dartmouth College and by 
nine years upon the bench of the Court of Common Pleas. 
The remainder of his life was devoted to his legal practice 
and various business relations, the latter including the work 
of eight years as cashier of a bank in Exeter, N. H. His home 
after 1844 was in Boston, from which city he was sent as rep- 
resentative to the General Court. Perhaps, however, his work 
which will be longest remembered is his "Manual of the Con- 
stitution," which he wrote after attaining the full age of three- 
score years and ten with the purpose of counteracting in some 
degree the perversions of the intent of that instrument at that 
period in the interests of slavery, and which at once received 
the fullest recognition in legal circles. Like his father, he re- 
ceived the degree of LL. D. from his Alma Mater. Children : 

46. i. Anna Bancroft, b. May 20, 1819; d. Nov. 3, 1909; m. Jan. 

25, 1842, Edward Crane. Res. in Boston. Children : i. 
Timothy Farrar Crane, b. Feb. 8, 1843. ii. Mary Orpah 
Crane, b. Oct. 27, 1844; m. George S. Jackson, iii. Edward 
Barrows Crane, b. May 8, 1849; d. May 4, 1911. 

47. ii. Sarah Elizabeth, b. Sept. 15, 1820; m. May 16, 1848, Wil- 

liam Burke, a physician of New York city. Children : i. 
William Craige Burke, b. Oct. 18, 1851. ii. Timothy Farrar 
Burke, b. Feb. 27, 1855. iii. Anna Burke, h. Dec. 28, 1857. 
iv. Frederick White Burke, h. Sept. 13, 1862. 



23. Mark^ (Isaac^ Isaac^ Joseph*, George^ Jacob^ Ja- 
cobO, b. Feb. 15, 1804; d. May 8, 1888; m. May 16, 1839, Ann 
(27) Wilson. He came from Hillsboro to New Ipswich in 
1839, and was a farmer living at the corner of the Temple and 
old Greenville roads, (26, N. D.,) until about 1865, when he 
removed to Grafton, Mass. Children : 

48. i. Charles Augustus, b. May 24, 1840; d. Sept. 20, 1855. 

49. ii. Harriet Adeline, b. Dec. 6, 1843; m. Nov. 20, 1866, George 

Augustus Fay, a farmer of Grafton, Mass. Four children. 

50. iii. Anna Maria, b. Dec. 22, 1849; m. June 2, 1872, Jefferson A. 

Dea of Shrewsbury, Mass. Two children. 


Daniel' Farwell, m. Mary Parker. 

Edmund^ (DanieP), b. Groton, Mass., July 13, 1750; d. Mar., 1843; 
m. July 8, 1775, Mary Russell [b. Sept. 19, 1753; d. Dec. 14, 1833]. 

1. Daniel^ (Edmund-, DanieP), b. New Ipswich, May 6, 
1780; d. July 19, 1825; m. at Harvard, Mass., 1807, Susan, dau. 
of Joel Estabrooks [b. 1786; d. Sept. 14, 1853]. Children: 

2. i. Mary, b. Dec. 25, 1807; d. Aug. 2, 1887; m. Apr. 15, 1828, 

Bezaleel Keith. Five children. 

3. ii. LuciNDA, b. Sept. 12, 1809; d. June 10, 1813. 

4. iii. Russell, b. June 10, 1813. + 

5. iv. Sophia, b. Aug. 11, 1815.+ 

6. V. Daniel, b. Feb. 27, 1820.+ 

7. vi. Royal Estabrooks, b. Oct. 1, 1824.+ 

4. Russell* (DanieP, Edmund^, Daniel^), b. June 10, 1813; 
d. Jan. 28, 1899 ; m. Aug. 2, 1837, Lucy, dau. of Zebedee Tay- 
lor. Children : 

8. i. Emily, b. Jan. 19, 1839; d. Jan. 27, 1895. 

9. ii. Almeda, b. Jan. 23, 1845; m. Oct. 1, 1899, Levi E. Ferrin [b. 

1836; d. Nov. 30, 1904]. 

5. Sophia* (DanieP, Edmund^ DanieP), b. Aug. 11, 1815; 
d. May 22, 1891 ; m. May 10, 1837, Jonathan Russell. Children : 

i. James Russell, b. May 21, 1838. 

ii. Jason Russell, b. Feb. 20, 1840. 

iii. Samuel Howard Russell, b. May 23, 1842; d. Nov. 28, 1880. 

6. Daniel* (DanieP, Edmund^, DanieP), b. Feb. 27, 1820; 
d. Feb. 4, 1892; m. Nov. 21, 1844, Lucinda Giles (12). Chil- 
dren : 

10. i. James Hildreth, b. May 16, 1847; d. Feb. 18, 1909; m. Oct. 
8, 1874, Emma A. Barrett of Zumbrota. Children: i. 
Albert B., b. Feb. 10, 1881. ii. Edith L., b. Oct. 10, 1884. 


History of New Ipswich 

11. ii. John Bartlett, b. July 29, 1848; m. Mar. 31, 1878, Annie C. 

Coleman [d. Oct. 26, 1908]. Children: i. Irving Edgar, b. 
Sept. 10, 1879. ii. Edna Harden, b. Oct. 31, 1886. 

12. iii. Lucy Ann, b. Mar. 16, 1852; m. Sept. 17, 1878, Milo Phelps. 

One child. 

7. Royal E.* (DanieP, Edmund^ Daniel^, b. Oct. 1, 1824: 
d. July 4, 1908; m. (1) Sept., 1846, Sarah, dau. of John and 
Rebecca (Newhall) Walcott of Pepperell, Mass. [d. Oct. 11. 
1861]; (2) Dec. 25, 1862, Martha (Walcott) Stoddard, sister 
of the first wife. Children : 

13. i. Elizabeth J., b. Jan. 7, 1852; d. Mar. 10, 1907; m. 1875, John 

H. Peabody. 

14. ii. Hattie, b. Jan. 22, 1854 ; d. Oct. 22, 1857. 

15. iii. Mary W., b. Dec. 18, 1859; m. Charles F. Willey. 

16. iv. Edwin, b. Aug. 21, 1861 ; m. Oct. 7, 1885, Mildred Bent. Five 



George* Felt, b. 1601; d. 1693; m. Elizabeth, dau. of widow Prudence 
Wilkinson [d. 1694]. He came from England to Salem in 1628, the fol- 
lowing year removed to Charlestown, then only a year old, and a little 
after 1640 to North Yarmouth, Me., where he lived for forty years, then 
returning to his former home in that part of Charlestown which is now 
Maiden, where he died. 

MosES^ (George'), b. about 1651; m. Lydia probably. He lived 

in the region of North Yarmouth, Me., for fifty years, but passed the 
later part of his life in "Rumney Marsh," which is now Chelsea, Mass. 

Aaron' (Moses', George'), d. about 1769; m. (1) Dec. 25, 1739, Mary 
Wyatt of Lynn, Mass.; (2) Jan. 22, 1765, Hannah Atwell [d. about 1769]. 
He was a husbandman and cooper at Lynn the greater part of his life. 

Aaron' (Aaron', Moses', George'), b. Sept. 1, 1742; d. July, 1801; 
m. (1) Reading, Mass., May 21, 1766, Tabitha, dau. of William and Lydia 
Upton [b. Mar. 20, 1745; d. 1769]; (2) Jan. 21, 1791, Azubah Weston of 
Townsend, Mass. [d. Aug. 18, 1837]. On attaining his majority he re- 
moved to Temple, and there passed his life as a farmer and tavern- 
keeper. He was a selectman. He had thirteen children. 

Peter' (Aaron', Moses', George'), b. Nov. 3, 1745; d. Jan. 2. 1817; 
m. (1) Nov. 8, 1769, Lucy, dau. of Jeremiah and Lucy Andrews of Ips- 
wich. Mass. [b. Nov. 24, 1748; d. Mar. 26, 1805]; (2) Mar. 21, 1809, Mrs. 
Polly Gilmore of Jaffrey. About 1763 he settled in Temple, and there 
remained until his death. He was a shoemaker, gave service in the 
Revolutionary war, and had seventeen children. 

1. Daniel^ (Aaron*, Aaron^, Moses^, George^), b. Sept. 26, 
1799; d. Sept. 22, 1882; m. Apr. 18, 1826, Eliza, dau. of Josiah 
Taylor of Temple [b. Harvard, Mass., June 27, 1806; d. Mar. 
4, 1876]. At the time of his marriage he settled in New Ips- 













wich on the "Cutter farm," (28, N. D.,) and there his four 
oldest children were born, but about 1833 he returned to his 
native town, where he was a farmer. He was a selectman, 
and also represented Temple in the Legislature. Children : 

4. i. Charles Walker, b. Mar. 24, 1828; d. May 18, 1891; m. Feb. 

13, 1855, Harriet Angeline, dau. of Augustus and Judith 
(Hyde) Harris. He was a traveling dealer in Yankee 
notions for some years, and later a wholesale dealer in 
flour at Boston. Eight children : 

5. ii. Emily Maria Barrett, b. Apr. 17, 1830. A teacher at Platte- 

ville. Wis. 
Mary Elizabeth, b. Aug. 26, 1832; d. Dec. 13, 1845. 
George Daniel, b. May 15, 1835 ; d. Nov. 6, 1862. He enlisted 

in the 2d New Hampshire Regiment and was fatally 

wounded in the second battle of Bull Run. 
Sarah Adeline, b. Nov. 24, 1837. Res. Beloit, Wis. 
Edward Augustus, b. Sept. 15, 1840; d. Dec. 30, 1840. 
Edward Wilson, b. Dec. 1, 1841 ; d. Feb. 8, 1863. He enlisted 

in the 10th New Hampshire Regiment and died of disease 

while in service. 

11. viii. Louis Webster, b. Dec. 31, 1844; m. Mar. 9, 1871, Frances 

Rebecca, dau. of Thomas and Mary (Mouton) Odion. He 
succeeded to the home farm in Temple. Two children. 

12. ix. Elizabeth Taylor, b. May 18, 1847; m. May 13, 1869, Rev. 

Sullivan French Gale. Res. in Georgia and Florida. Five 

13. X. Mary Frances, b. Aug. 29, 1850. Res. Ravenswood, III. 

2. Peter^ (Peter*, Aaron^, Moses^ George^), b. Dec. 1, 
1784; d. Quincy, 111., July 31, 1866; m. (1) June 5, 1807, Polly 
Fletcher (66) ; (2) Jan. 7, 1841, Alice (Morey) Towne [d. Oct. 
11, 1882]. He lived in Smith Village from 1806 to 1830, and 
had his store at the foot of the hill, his dwelling being the 
house now gone but then standing a short distance up the hill 
and across the street. He was an energetic man, and had an 
interest in the cotton factory established on the waterpower 
since utilized by the Walker furniture and turning industries. 
He was a trustee of the Academy and held the office of select- 
man for several years. He removed to Quincy, 111., and twenty 
years later to Columbus in the same state. Children : 

14. i. Mary, b. Feb. 21, 1808; m. Nov. 26, 1829, Rev. Seth, son of 

Seth H. and Fanny (Carver) Keeler of Brandon, Vt., who 
was pastor in various places in Maine, New Hampshire, 
and Massachusetts. Seven children. 

15. ii. Albert, b. Apr. 15, 1810; d. Quincy, 111., Nov. 17, 1874; m. 

(1) Jan. 2, 1835, Sarah, dau. of Cyrus Field [d. Nov. 9, 

1865] ; (2) Aug. 13, 1868, Mrs. Carrie B. Sartel [d. Oct. 13, 

1872]. Res. Quincy, 111. Eight children. 


History of New Ipswich 

16. iii. Adaline, b. Sept. 15, 1812; d. Mar. 17, 1880; m. Mar. 28, 1833, 

Ebenezer, son of Ebenezer and Polly Sumner Turner, a 
farmer near Quincy, 111. Nine children. 

17. iv. Jeremiah Andrews, b. June 17, 1814; d. July 23, 1816. 

18. V. Jeremiah Andrews, b. May 2, 1817 ; m. Dec. 5, 1839, Adriana, 

dau. of Matthias and Lydia (Chandler) Leach, a farmer 
in Quincy and Galesburg, 111. Nine children. 

19. vi. Charles Milton, b. Oct. 11, 1819; m. Oct. 15, 1840, Britannia, 

dau. of Sylvester and Rebecca (Hoyt) Hecox, a farmer at 
Galesburg, 111. Twelve children. 

20. vii. Caroline Augusta, b. June 14, 1823; d. Nov. 23, 1828. 

21. viii. George, b. Oct. 28, 1825; d. Nov. 14, 1828. 

22. ix. Edward Aurelius, b. May 14, 1828. 

23. X. Peter Francis, b. Aug. 24, 1843; m. May 12, 1864, Mary 

Louisa, dau. of Charles D. and Elizabeth (Payne) Seaton 
of Columbus, 111. He served during the Civil War in the 
38th and 137th Illinois Regiments, was captured and held 
prisoner several months. He was a dealer in furniture and 
agricultural implements at Laclede, Mo. Eight children. 

3. Thomas^ (Peter*, Aaron^, Moses^, George^), b. Aug. 10, 
1791; d. Newburyport, Mass., Nov., 1842; m. Sybil Jefts of 
Mason. He lived for several years in the southeast part of the 
town, probably between the mills and Mason line. Children : 

24. i. Lucius Galvan, b. in Temple, Aug. 16, 1815. 

25. ii. Alney Orville, b. Apr. 24, 1818. 

26. iii. Parnal Crombie, b. Apr. 30, 1820. 

27. iv. Alonzo Montgomery, b. June 10, 1823. 

28. v. Gilbert Hambledon, b. Oct. 30, 1825. 

The tax-lists of the town present the names of several other citizens 
bearing the name of Felt, and probably members of this family, the 
large families of the two brothers Aaron and Peter settling at an early 
date in Temple presenting names which may well be believed to denote 
these unlocated residents of New Ipswich, but a correct line of relation- 
ship is not easily determined in respect to those residents, of whom little 
is known except their names. 


Nathan^ Fiske, b. Weybred, Suffolk, England, about 1615; d. June 

21, 1676; m. Susanna . He came to Watertown, Mass., in 1642, and 

there lived. He was a selectman. 

Nathan' (Nathan'), b. Watertown, Oct. 17, 1642; d. May 15, 1696; 
m. Elizabeth Fry. He was a selectman at Watertown several years, and 
also a lieutenant. 

Nathan^ (Nathan=, Nathan^, b. Jan. 3, 1672; d. Jan. 26, 1741; m. (1) 
Oct. 14, 1696, Sarah, dau. of Ensign John Coolidge [d. Nov. 27, 1723] ; 
(2) Hannah, dau. of Simon Coolidge and widow of Daniel Smith, Jr. 
[b. Dec. 7, 1671; d. Oct. 4, 1750]. He was a selectman at Watertown for 
several years, also town clerk, town treasurer, and representative. He was 
a deacon. 406 


Josiah' (Nathan', Nathan', Nathan'), b. Oct. 10, 1704; d. Oct. 27, 
1778; m. Sarah, dau. of John and Anne (Tarbell) Lawrence of Lexing- 
ton, Mass. [b. June 20, 1708; d. 1798]. Res. Watertown, Waltham, Gro- 
ton, and Pepperell. He was town clerk at Groton and Pepperell. 

Josiah' (Josiah', Nathan', Nathan', Nathan'), b. Waltham, Feb. 12, 
1733; d. Apr. 14, 1766; m. Sarah Colburn of Dracut, Mass. [b. 1737; d. 
1825; m. (2) Levi Blood of Groton, Mass.]. Res. Groton. 

Josiah' (Josiah^ Josiah', Nathan', Nathan', Nathan'), b. Sept. 3, 1755; 
d. May 29, 1832; m. Nov. 25, 1779, Mary Caldwell of Cambridge, Mass., 
[b. Apr. 20, 1755; d. Dec. 25, 1834]. He served in the Revolution. In 
1784 he lemoved from Pepperell to Temple. Four of his children lived 
in New Ipswich. 

1. JosiAH^ (Josiah^, Josiah^, Josiah^ Nathan^, Nathan^, 
Nathan^), b. Pepperell, Nov. 14, 1781; d. July 19, 1817; m. 
Betsey Kimball of Temple [b. about 1786; d. June 21, 1866]. 
He lived in Temple until 1808, when he removed to Andover, 
Vt., but returned in about five years, and passed the last four 
years of his life in New Ipswich, for a part of the time on the 
Briant place, southward from Col. Reuben Kidder's home, 
(46, N. D.,) but before that apparently a little farther to the 
east. He lost his life at Medford, Mass., where he was acci- 
dentally drowned. Children: 

5. i. Eliza, b. Nov. 2, 1802; m. Benjamin F. Stevens of Mason. 

Removed to Osage, Iowa. Five children. 

6. ii. Mary, b. July 20, 1804; m. Simon Farrar of Temple. Re- 

moved to New York city. Three children. 

7. iii. Jeremiah, b. Jan. 4, 1807; d. Jan. 28, 1830, unm. 

8. iv. Prescott, b. Dec. 22, 1808; m. Elizabeth F. Vickery of He- 

bron, N. H. Res. Boston. Two children. 

9. V. Alonzo, b. June 24, 1811; m. Rebecca Locke of Boston. Two 


10. vi. George Kimball, b. Aug. 28, 1813; d. Oct. 10, 1849, unm. 

11. vii. Abigail Raymond, b. July 21, 1816; m. Isaac D. Brower of 

New York city. Four children. 

2. Sally^ (Josiah®, Josiah^ JosiahS Nathan^, Nathan^, 
Nathan^), b. Feb. 25, 1788; d. Sept. 27, 1863; m. Nov., 1808, 
Earl Boynton (4). 

3. Artemas^ (Josiah^ Josiah^, Josiah*, Nathan^ Nathan^, 
Nathan^, b. Sept. 11, 1792; d. Mar. 26, 1829; m. Apr. 6, 1819, 
Lucy Jones of Templeton, Mass. [b. June 29, 1799; d. Jan. 20, 
1884]. He came to New Ipswich in early manhood and was 
a farmer on the Archibald White farm, (55, N. D.) Children : 

12. i. Charles Adams, b. Oct. 29, 1820; m. Dec. 30, 1841, Sylvia C 

Fuller of Summit, Pa. Res. Hayfield, Pa. A carpenter and 
farmer. Children: i. Charles Anthony, b. Oct. 1, 1849; m. 


History of New Ipswich 

Ella A. Morse, ii. Royal Alonso, b. Sept. 7, 1851; m. Ida 
Satterlee. iii. Benjamin Wooster, b. Aug. 5, 1853; m. Oris 

13. ii. Lucy, b. June 15, 1822; d. Nov. 24, 1889; m. Oct. 19, 1843, 

James A. Tyler of Conneautville, Pa. Two children. 

4. David^ (Josiah^ Josiah^ Josiah*, Nathan^ Nathan^, 
Nathan^), b. Jan. 12, 1797; d. Nov. 26, 1880; m. Milly Sheldon 
[b. Jan. 5, 1798; d. Mar. 10, 1884]. He was a farmer in New 
Ipswich on the farm at the corner of the Temple and the 
North Greenville roads for several years after attaining his 
majority, and then removed to Oxford, N. Y. Children : 

14. i. Horace, b. July 23, 1829; m. Oct. 30, 1850, Martha Padgett 

[b. 1831; d. May 15, 1872]. A farmer at Oxford, N. Y. 
Children: i. Sheldon W., b. Dec. 6, 1851; m. Feb. 22, 1877, 
Sarah R. Jones; res. Oxford and De Ruyter, N. Y. ii. 
Charles H., b. May 30, 1853; m. Nov. 10, 1874, Alice Sweet; 
res. Oxford. N. Y. iii. James V., b. Dec. 16, 1855 ; d. Sept. 
14, 1879. 

15. ii. Emily, b. Feb. 25, 1833; m. Dec. 31, 1857, Joseph Esterbrook, 

a blacksmith at Oxford, N. Y. Five children. 

16. iii. Lucy Ann, b. Feb. 3, 1823 ; m. June 9, 1853, Charles E. Pea- 

cock. Res. Norwich, N. Y. Three children. 

17. iv. Lydia p., b. 1827; d. Feb. 12, 1868; m. Dec, 1854, Chauncey 

H. Barstow. Five children. 


Robert* Fletcher, b. 1592; d. Apr. 13, 1677. With his wife, whose 
name is not known, and three children, he came from England, it is be- 
lieved from Wiltshire, in 1630, and settled in Concord, Mass., probably 
in the part which is now Acton, where he became a wealthy and influential 

William' (Robert*), b. England, 1622; d. Nov. 6, 1677; m. Oct. 7, 
1645, Lydia Bates [d. Oct. 12, 1704]. He settled in Chelmsford, where he 
was a large landowner, possessing much of the present site of Lowell. 
His farm near the Chelmsford meeting-house remained in the possession 
of his descendants and was recently owned by a member of the eighth 

Samuel' (Robert'), b. 1632; d. Dec. 9, 1697; m. Oct. 14, 1659, Marga- 
ret Hailston. He lived in that part of Chelmsford which is now Westford. 

Francis' (Robert*), b. 1636; m. Aug. 1, 1656, Elizabeth, dau. of 
George and Katherine Wheeler [d. June 14, 1704]. He remained with his 
father in Concord, where he held much land. 

Joshua' (William', Robert*), b. Mar. 30, 1648; d. Nov. 21, 1713; m. 
(1) May 4, 1668, Grissles Jewell [d. Jan. 16, 1682]; (2) July 18, 1682, 
Sarah Willy. He lived in Chelmsford. 

Paul' (William', Robert*), d. Jan. 8, 1736; m. Apr. 12, 1705, Deliver- 
ance Stevens. Res. in Chelmsford, where he was a deacon. 



Samuel' (William', Robert'), b. July 23, 1664; m. (1) Hannah 

[d. Dec. 11, 1697J; (2) June 7, 1699, Sarah Bale of Concord [d. Apr. 29. 
1703] ; (3) Dec. 20, 1708, Elizabeth Proctor of Chelmsford. 

William" (Samuel", Robert'), b. Chelmsford, Jan. 1, 1671; d. about 
1743; m. Dec. 10, 1701, Mary . His home was in Chelmsford. 

Samuel' (Francis', Robert'), b. Aug. 6, 1657; d. Oct. 23, 1714; m. 
Apr. 15, 1682, Elizabeth Wheeler [d. Oct. 26, 1734]. He was a respected 
citizen of Concord, being a selectman during several years and town clerk 
for a considerable period. 

Joseph' (Francis', Robert'), b. Apr. 15, 1661; m. June 17, 1688, Mary 
Dudley [d. Apr. 27, 1705]. 

Joshua" (Joshua', William', Robert'), b. about 1669; d. Oct. 19, 1732; 
m. about 1700, Dorothy Hale [b. Scotland; d. Aug. 20, 1770]. He lived 
in that part of Chelmsford which in 1729 was set off to form Westford, 
and he was the first clerk of the new town. 

Joseph" (Joshua', William', Robert'), b. June 10, 1689; d. Oct. 4, 
1772; m. Nov. 17, 1712, Sarah Adams of Concord [b. 1691; d. Apr. 24, 
1761]. He lived in Westford, where he had the title of captain. 

Timothy" (Paul', William', Robert'), b. Sept. 30, 1707; d. May 7, 

1780; m. Mary . He was a man of varied activities, being a cooper 

and also a farmer, and he carried on a little store. His life was passed 
in Westford. He held commission as lieutenant, serving in that capacity 
in the French and Indian War. 

William" (Samuel', William', Robert'), b. Oct. 23, 1693; d. Jan. 27, 

1741/2; m. Mary . He spent his life in his native Chelmsford, 

although by its division his home was located in the north part of West- 

William" (William', Samuel', Robert'), b. 1702; d. Sept. 22, 1784; m. 
(1) Nov. 16, 1731, Elizabeth Remington; (2) June 22, 1762, Susanna 
(Fassett) Fletcher, widow of Zachariah Fletcher, son of Joshua" [b. 
about 1718; d. June 30, 1763]. His home, like that of the preceding, was 
in Chelmsford and Westford. He had eleven children, of whom Lydia, 
bapt. Feb. 22, 1741, m. Dec. 28, 1769, Silas (1) Richardson of New Ipswich. 

Samuel" (William', Samuel', Robert'), b. 1707; d. Mar. 11, 1780; m. 
Sept. 17, 1729, Mary, dau. of Eleazer and Mary Lawrence of Littleton, 
Mass. [b. about 1710; d. Dec. 4, 1780]. He was a large landowner in 
Westford, where he lived. He had the rank of captain. 

Joseph" (Samuel', Francis', Robert'), b. Concord, Mar. 26, 1686; d. 
Sept. 11, 1746; m. (1) Dec. 20, 1704, Elizabeth Carter; (2) July 11, 1711, 
Hepzibah (Chandler) Jones, dau. of Roger' Chandler and widow of 
Ephraim' Jones. His home was in the part of Concord which was set 
off as Acton, and he was a deacon in the Acton church. 

Timothy" (Samuel', Francis', Robert'), b. Concord, Aug. 28, 1704; m. 

Elizabeth . His home was in Concord. He was a great hunter and 

Indian fighter. 

1. Francis* (Joseph^, Francis^ Robert^), b. Concord, Nov. 
12, 1698; m. Abigail, dau. of Hugh and Abigail (Barker) 
Brooks of Concord [b. Mar. 15, 1703; d. New Ipswich, Sept. 
28, 1778]. He passed most of his life in Concord, not coming 


History of New Ipswich 

to New Ipswich until he had nearly or quite attained the age 
of three-score and ten, two of his sons probably preceding 
him. No record of the time or place of his death has been 
found. Children : 

4. i. JosiAH, b. Nov. 11, 1726.+ 

5. ii. Thomas, b. Dec. 10, 1729.+ 

6. iii. Francis, b. Oct. 22, 1733.+ 

7. iv. Abigail, b. Aug. 12, 1739; d. Aug. 12, 1778; m. July 4, 1765, 

Edmund Briant (2). 

Gershom" (Joshua^ Joshua', WilIiam^ Robert'), b. July 27, 1702; d. 
June 28, 1779; m. Lydia Townsend. He passed most of his life in his 
native town, Westford, but lived for a few years in Groton, Mass., and at 
another time in Plymouth, N. H. He had nine children, of whom Sarah, 
b. Apr. 14, 1744, m. Hezekiah Corey of New Ipswich. 

Ephraim^ (Joshua', Joshua', William', Robert'), b. Mar. 12, 1710; m. 

Hannah . He lived in Westford, enlisted in the French War, was 

captured at Oswego in 1756 and never returned home. 

Peletiah' (Joseph', Joshua', William^ Robert'), b. May 3, 1727; d. 
Feb. 23, 1807; m. (1) Jan. 13, 1757, Dorothy, dau. of James Hildreth [b. 
Aug. 26, 1736; d. June 14, 1782]; (2) Oct. 13, 1782, Betty (Hartwell) 
Keyes. He lived in Westford, where were born his twelve children of 
whom Dorothy, b. Dec. 21, 1759, d. May 12, 1858, m. Sampson' Fletcher. 

2. Simeon^ (Timothy^ PauP, William^ Robert^), b. June 
30, 1737; d. Sept. 7, 1773, being one of those who were killed 
by the fall of the frame of the Wilton meeting-house then be- 
ing raised ; m. Rachel . He came from Westford to New 

Ipswich about 1762, and was probably the first settler upon 
V : 4, S. R. Children : 

9. i. Susanna, b. Oct. 11, 1759; d. Sept. 11, 1837; m. Isaac Preston 

10. ii. Rachel, b. Dec. 24, 1764. 

11. iii. Jane, b. Apr. 8, 1770; d. Jan. 21, 1849; m. William Stickney 


James' (Timothy', Paul', William^ Robert'), b. Sept. 3, 1743; d. West 
Boxford, Mass., Sept. 27, 1806; m. Feb. 21, 1770, Rebecca, dau. of Ebenezer 
and Elizabeth (Sprague) Prescott of Westford. He was a farmer of 
Westford, and had a part in the Revolutionary contest of Lexington and 
Concord. He had twelve children, of whom Rebecca, b. July 3, 1776, m. 
Joseph Warren of New Ipswich. 

Reuben" (William', Samuel', William^, Robert'), b. July 12, 1720; m. 
Susannah Chandler. He was a farmer at Westford, and a prominent 
Baptist of that town. He wrote and published in 1772 a controversial 
religious pamphlet. 

Sampson" (Samuel', William', Samuel', Robert'), b. Westford, Aug. 
24, 1758; d. Sept. 2, 1828; m. Feb. 1, 1785, Dorothy, dau. of Peletiah" 
Fletcher. He passed his life in his native town. 



3. JoHN^ (Timothy*, SamueP, Francis^, Robert^), b. Sept. 
7, 1732; d. Jan. 14, 1763; m. 1759, Elizabeth Foster (4), the 
first girl born in the town. He came from Concord to New 
Ipswich about 1758. He succeeded to the last of the three 
homes taken by his father-in-law, situated near Hodg-kins' 
Corner toward the Center Village, where he built a house and 
planted one of the early orchards of the town. He lost his life 
by the falling of a tree near his home. Children : 

14. i. Ebenezer, b. Feb. 5, 1761. -j- 

15. ii. Joseph, b. July 19, 1762; d. 1782. 

4. JosiAH^ (Francis*, Joseph^, Francis-, Robert^), b. Con- 
cord, Nov. 11, 1726. The record of his life is very scanty; 
and it is probable that he never was a resident of New Ipswich. 
The list of his descendants is probably incomplete. Children : 

16. i. Gideon. He had five sons. 

17. ii. Daniel. He lived in Dunstable, Mass., and removed thence 

to Canterbury, N. H. He had eleven children, eight of whom 
joined the Shakers, but after a time two of them abandoned 
that community and married. They were farmers at Lou- 
don, N. H. 

18. iii. JosiAH. 

19. iv. Levi, m. twice, his second wife being Esther . He lived 

at Groton, N. H., where he had four children. 

5. Thomas^ (Francis*, Joseph^, Francis^, Robert^), b. Dec. 
10, 1729; d. Mar. 16, 1811; m. Esther Hoar [b. about 1729; d. 
Mar. 5, 1812]. He came to New Ipswich in 1754, and bought 
of Abijah Foster the second home made by that initial pioneei 
in the town, situated at the southerly end of 45, N. D., where 
he was a successful farmer, earnestly interested in town in- 
terests, as is indicated by his being one of the founders of 
the Academy and among the most liberal contributors for its 
early support. He was a militia captain in 1770. Children: 

20. i. Sarah, b. Sept. 27, 1756. 

21. ii. JosiAH, b. June 13, 1758.+ 

22. iii. Thomas, b. May 1, 1760.-1- 

23. iv. Esther, b. Sept. 9, 1762; d. Mar. 19, 1783. 

24. V. Abigail, b. Mar. 28, 1765. 

25. vi. Anna, b. Sept. 21, 1768. 

26. vii. Benjamin, b. Dec. 13, 1771 ; m. Feb. 26, 1795, Zilpah Hildreth 













History of New Ipswich 

6. Francis^ (Francis*, Joseph^ Francis^, Robert^), b. Oct. 

22, 1733; d. Aug. 27, 1797; m. June 11, 1760, Sarah Parker of 

Westford [b. about 1740; d. Antrim, N. H., Dec. 25, 1825; 

m. (2) Joshua Todd]. He came to New Ipswich soon after 

his marriage, and settled near his brother Thomas, on XII : 

1, S. R. He did good service in the Revolution, and served 

for some years as a captain of militia. Children : 

27. i. Mary, b. Apr. 25, 1761 ; d. unm. 
Jonathan, b. Jan. 27, 1764.+ 
Ephraim, b. July 30, 1766.-)- 
Sarah, b. Jan. 16, 1770; d. Dec. 25, 1847; m. (1) Dec. 24, 

1789, William Burrows (2) ; (2) May 7, 1818, Richard 

Wheeler (13). 
Joshua, b. Apr. 27, 1772.-|- 
Francis, b. Feb. 14, 1775. -|- 

33. vii. Lydia, b. May 14, 1776. 

34. viii. Jeremiah, b. Aug. 10, 1785. -[- 

35. ix. Samuel, b. Mar. 19, 1789.+ 

8. Peter*' (Ephraim^, Joshua*, Joshua^, William^, Robert^), 

b. Westford, Jan. 22, 1736; d. Apr. 11, 1812; m. Sept. 8, 1761, 

Ruth, dau. of Joseph* (Thomas^), and Priscilla (Warner) 

Adams [b. Jan. 14, 1739; d. Apr. 28, 1816]. He came to New 

Ipswich soon after his marriage, and settled upon 18, N. D. 

He served in the Revolutionary army several times during 

the war. Children : 

Dorothy, b. Feb. 14, 1763. 

Ruth, b. Oct. 10, 1765; d. Feb. 1, 1842; m. Josiah Batchelder 

Peter, b. Jan. 8, 1768.+ 
Ebenezer, b. May 17, 1770.-|- 
David, b. Dec. 26, 1772.-^- 
SuBMiT, b. Nov. 6, 1774; d. Oct. 15, 1806; m. Perkins. 

Two children. 

42. vii. James, b. July 26, 1776; d. Feb. 9, 1778. 

43. viii. James, b. Dec. 26, 1778.-^ 

44. ix. Lydia, b. Nov. 12, 1781; d. June 17, 1850; m. Mar. 27, 1805, 

John Spencer, a farmer at Springfield, Vt., and afterward 
at Evansville, Wis. Seven children. 

12. Henry^ (Reuben^ William*, SamueP, William^, 
Robert^), b. Westford. Aug. 17, 1751; d. Apr. 17, 1829; m. 
Nov. 30, 1773, Deborah Parker of Westford [d. May 4, 1826]. 
He came to New Ipswich in 1772 and settled upon two sepa- 
rate but neighboring lots near the Rindge town line, (138 
and 152, A. D.,) where he lived until 1788, then removed to 
Acton and Westford, where he remained but two years, dur- 















ing which his buildings disappeared, and soon after his return 
in 1790 he sold his property in New Ipswich and started anew 
in Plymouth, Vt., where he became an entirely successful 
farmer. He was an earnest Baptist, and during his residence 
in Massachusetts was committed to jail for refusal to pay his 
"ministers tax." Children : 

45. i. Aaron, b. Oct. 14. 1774; d. Jan. 13, 1775. 

46. ii. William, b. Mar. 31, 1776; d. Nov. 22, 1847; m. June 18, 

1801, Sally Davis of Reading, Vt. He was a farmer in 
Reading and Canaan, Vt., successively. Eight children. 

47. iii. Aaron, b. Nov. 16, 1777; d. Feb. 9, 1867; m. Dec. 16, 1806, 

Sarah Neef of Carlisle, Mass. He spent a few years in 
Plymouth, Vt., but he passed the greater part of his life as 
a blacksmith at Boylston, Carlisle, and Chelmsford, Mass., 
and Nelson, N. H. Seven children. 

48. iv. Isaac, b. July 5, 1779; d. Aug. 25, 1786. 

49. v. MosES, b. Aug. 21, 1781 ; d. Mar. 9, 1788. 

50. vi. Reuben, b. Dec. 7, 1783; d. Nov. 16, 1879; m. (1) Mar. 3, 

1808, Betsey Pratt of Reading, Vt. ; (2) Aug. 21, 1836, Mrs. 
Olive Adams of Cavendish, Vt. Except a few years of 
early manhood at Westford, Mass., he resided at Plymouth 
and Reading, Vt. Twelve children. 

51. vii. Deborah, b. Oct. 29, 1785; d. Sept. 16, 1870; m. May, 1815, 

Simon, son of Jonathan Spaulding of Chelmsford, Mass. 
He was a farmer at Ludlow, \^t. 

52. viii. Henry, b. July 9, 1787 ; d. Mar. 5, 1813. 

53. ix. Isaac, b. Mar. 30, 1789; d. June 10, 1840; m. Mar. 2, 1822, 

Dorinda Day of Plymouth, Vt. He learned the black- 
smith's trade of Ephraim Fairbanks in New Ipswich, and 
after a few years' labor in several states he spent his life 
in Vermont, locating successively at Plymouth, Enosburg, 
and Berkshire. Four children. 

54. X. MosES, b. June 10, 1791 ; d. Feb. 27, 1811. 

55. xi. Rebecca, b. Apr. 16, 1793; d. May 28, 1828; m. 1815, Henry 

Slack of Plymouth, Vt. She also lived at Stratford and at 
Thetford, Vt. 

13. Sampson^ (Sampson^ Samuel*, William^ Samuel^, 
Robert^), b. May 4, 1795; d. Jan. 24, 1847; m. (1) Sarah Beard 
of Peterboro [b. about 1803; d. Jan. 10, 1841]; (2) Feb. 9. 
1842, Lavinia (D. 5) dau. of Jacob Ames and widow of Eph- 
raim W. Blood of Temple. In his early days he was a clerk 
in the store of John F. Hills, and after the death of his em- 
ployer he succeeded to the business, which he carried on at 
the westerly corner of School street and the Turnpike. Chil- 
dren : 

56. i. George Woodbury, b. Sept. 22, 1823. He left home at an 

early age and never returned. 


History of New Ipswich 

57. ii. John Augustus, b. Sept. 5, 1825.-}- 

58. iii. Charles Rodney, b. Dec. 18, 1827.+ 

59. iv. William Henry, b. Nov. 4, 1829.+ 

60. V. Sarah Beard, b. Feb. 16, 1832; d. Feb. 28, 1902; m. Sept. 11, 

1862, George H. Hubbard of Manchester (8). 

61. vi. Samuel Horace, b. Feb. 16, 1832; d. Feb. 28, 1832. 

62. vii. Helen Sabrina, b. Nov. 25, 1836; d. May 1, 1880. She was a 

successful teacher in Baltimore, Md., for twenty years or 

14. Ebenezer^ (John^, Timothy*, SamueP, Francis^, 
Robert^), b. Feb. 5, 1761 ; d. May 8, 1831 ; m. (1) Feb. 5, 1781, 
Mary Cumming-s (9) ; (2) June, 1812, Mary, dau. of Asa 
Rendall and wid. of Nathaniel Foster of Ashby [b. Dunstable, 
Mass., Dec. 29, 1766; d. Winchendon, Mass., Dec. 25, 1851]. 
At the age of fourteen he went to live with Samuel Cummings, 
the owner of the mills at Smith Village, where he remained 
two years and then enlisted as fifer, with his uncle Daniel 
Foster, in the company of Capt. James Carr for the term of 
three years. He was stationed at Ticonderoga, but on the 
retreat from Burgoyne at the battle of Hubbardton he was 
wounded and taken prisoner. He, however, escaped in a few 
weeks and returned home. Recovering from his wounds, he 
returned and served the remainder of his time under Gen. 
Sullivan against the Indians in the Genesee country. He 
wrote a narrative of his army experience, the demand for 
which was sufficient to cause the issue of four editions, and 
in one edition the story was rendered in verse. He bought the 
mills of his father-in-law, which he managed for a considera- 
ble period, and in his later years he was occupied in the man- 
ufacture of trunks. He was one of the original members of 
the Baptist church of the town. Children : 

63. i. Ebenezer, b. Oct. 9, 1782.+ 

64. ii. CuMMiNGS, b. July 5, 1784.-(- 

65. iii. John, b. Aug. 14, 1786.-1- 

66. iv. Polly, b. Aug. 21, 1788; d. Aug. 27, 1840; m. June 5, 1807, 

Peter Felt (2). 

67. V. Joseph, b. May 22, 1790.+ 

68. vi. Betsey, b. Dec. 28, 1792; d. May 5, 1842; m. Ralph Roby and 

lived in Boston, New Ipswich, and Grafton, N. H. Four 

69. vii. Milly, b. Feb. 6, 1794; d. July 11, 1797. 

70. viii. Sally, b. Feb. 6, 1794; d. July 17, 1854; m. Hugh B. Fletcher 


71. ix. Nancy, b. May 22, 1797; d. Apr. 21, 1885; m. Mar. 26, 1818, 

Thomas Davis (50). 



72. X. Dexter, b. Apr. 19, 1799.+ 

12>. xi. SuKY, b. May 30, 1801 ; d. Aug. 13, 1803. 

74. xii. RoBY, b. June 16, 1803.+ 

21. JosiAH^ (Thomas^ Francis*, Joseph^ Fra^cis^ Rob- 
ert^), b. June 13, 1758; m. (1) Grace Wheeler (4); (2) Alar. 
16, 1790, Rachel Walton [b. Mar. 22, 1764]. His name first 
appears upon the tax-list of New Ipswich in 1784, and con- 
tinues until 1805, when he probably removed from town. He 
lived with or near his father in Davis "Village, building and 
occupying as a store about 1785 the house afterward used as 
a bakehouse by Joseph Davis. He also built and carried on 
about ten years later probably the first of the little structures 
for the manufacture of potash, which for more than half a 
century gave value to the ashes left by the huge fireplaces of 
early days. Children : 

75. i. JosiAH, b. Nov. 4, 1787. 

76. ii. William, b. June 12, 1789; d. May 8, 1790. 
n. iii. William, b. Feb. 3, 1791 ; d. Oct. 19, 1791. 

78. iv. Rachel, b. Aug. 24, 1792. 

79. V. Esther, b. July 14, 1794. 

80. vi. Asa, b. Sept. 20, 1796. 

81. vii. Jonas, b. Mar. 26, 1798. 

82. viii. Lucy, b. Apr. 22, 1800. 

83. ix. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 13. 1802; d. Dec. 26, 1802. 

84. X. James Walton, b. June 18, 1804. 

22. Thomas^ (Thomas^, Francis*, Joseph^, Francis", Rob- 
ert^). b. May 1, 1760; d. May 7, 1813; m. (1) Apr. 8, 1788, 
Betsey Hoar [b. about 1764; d. Sept. 15, 1802]; (2) Peggy 
Smith of Peterboro. He resided near his father, but the 
identity of their names and the brief interval between their 
deaths makes it impossible in many cases to determine 
whether the father or the son is indicated in early records. 
Children : 

85. i. Thomas, b. Feb. 3, 1789.-}- 

86. ii. Hugh Brooks, b. Mar. 9, 1791.+ 

87. iii. Benjamin, b. Sept. 18, 1793. 

88. iv. Alma, b. Jan. 21, 1796; m. Bedlow of Lowell, Mass. 

89. V. Sally, b. Oct. 10, 1798; m. Brown of Ashburnham, Mass. 

90. vi. Betsey, b. July 20, 1801; d. about 1811. 

91. vii. John Smith, b. Oct. 24, 1805. He res. in Lowell, Mass., which 

he represented in the Legislature. 

92. viii. William, b. Apr. 14, 1808; d. about 1813. 

28. Jonathan^ (Francis^ Francis*, Joseph^, Francis^ Rob- 
ert^), b. Jan. 27, 1764; d. 1844; m. (1) about 1790, Ruth Irish 


History of New Ipswich 

of Union, Me. ; (2) Prudence Mero. In early years he went 
as one of the New Ipswich settlers in Barrettstown, (now 
Hope,) Me., but soon removed to Canaan, (now Lincolnville,) 
Me., bought land for a large farm, and there spent his life 
as a successful farmer. For more than forty years he was a 
Baptist deacon. Children : 

93. i. Sarah, b. 1792; d. 1852; m. Robert Moody. Res. at Lincoln- 

ville. Seven children. 

94. ii. Lemuel, d. young. 

95. iii. Mary, b. Nov. 9, 1806; d. 1860; m. Francis Fletcher (100). 

96. iv. Julia Ann, b. Aug. 20, 1808; m. Oct. 2, 1828, Abner Knight. 

Res. at Lincolnville, and later at Belfast, Me. Nine children. 

29. Ephraim^ (Francis^, Francis*, Joseph^ Francis^ Rob- 
ert^), b. July 30, 1766; d. Oct. 3, 1838; m. Lydia Knight of 
Lincolnville, Me., where he settled in 1790, and where he 
passed his life, and which he represented in the Legislature. 
Children : 

97. i. Nathan, m. Harriet Young, who d. soon after marriage. He 

was a farmer at Lincolnville, Me. One daughter, Antoi- 

98. ii. Ruth, m. Richard Martin. 

99. iii. Orinda, m. Thomas Bartlett. 

100. iv. Francis. -|- 

101. V. William, b. Sept. 11, 1802.+ 

102. vi. Betsey. 

103. vii. Sally. 

104. viii. Nancy. 

31. Joshua^ (Francis^, Francis*, Joseph^ Francis", Rob- 
ert^), b. Apr. 27, 1772; d. Feb. 20, 1841; m. 1793, Susannah 
Parker [b. about 1775; d. Feb., 1853]. He was a farmer at 
Stoddard and later at Washington. Children : 

105. i. Joshua, b. July 30, 1794; d. Waltham, Mass., Jan. 6, 1855; 

m. Dec. 22, 1818, Eliza Stephens of Goshen. Five children. 

106. ii. Susan, b. New Ipswich, Feb. 25, 1796; d. Peterboro, Dec. 25, 

1876; m. Apr. 7, 1818, Isaac Green of Hillsboro. Four 

Sarah, b. New Ipswich, Apr. 2, 1797; m. Apr. 7, 1818, Ezra 
Miller of Washington. Five children. 

DiADAMiA, b. New Ipswich, Sept. 16, 1798; m. 1820, Hezekiah 
Davis of Washington. Five children. 

Diana, b. Washington, 1803; d. 1806. 

Francis Parker, b. Washington, June 13, 1808.+ 

Diana, b. Washington, June 13, 1808 ; m. Sept. 20, 1840, Heze- 
kiah Fuller, a farmer at Lempster. One daughter. 

112. viii. Oilman, b. Washington, Oct. 22, 1812.-|- 

113. ix. Dustin, b. Washington, Oct. 22, 1816; d. Unity, Mar. 15, 1872. 













32. Francis^ (Francis^ Francis*, Toseph^ Francis^ Rob- 
ert^), b. Feb. 14, 1775; d. May 10, 1826; m. Hannah Fisk of 
Groton, Mass. He settled in Lincolnville, Me., in 1790, and 
there passed his life. Children : 

114. i. Samuel, b. 1802.+ 

lis. ii. Clarissa, m. Asa Allenwood. Eight children. 

116. iii. Lydia, b. Feb. 19, 1805; m. (1) Feb. 22, 1825, Benjamin 

McAllister of Hope, Me., six children; (2) Benjamin 
Barnes, three children. 

117. iv. M.\RY, b. July 14, 1807; m. Joseph Thomas of Palmyra, Me. 

One child. 

118. V. Harriet, b. Sept. 9, 1809; d. 1849; m. George Burgess. 

119. vi. Ephraim, b. 1812.+ 

120. vii. Sarah B., b. June 10, 1815; m. 1844, John B. York of Her- 

mon. Me. Two children. 

34. Jeremiah^ (Francis^ Francis*, Joseph^ Francis^ Rob- 
ert^), b. Aug. 10, 1785 ; d. Dec. 19, 1851 ; m. 1809, Lucy Davis 
of Washing-ton. He was a farmer in that town. Children: 

121. i. Mary Ann, b. May 29, 1811; m. 1840, Benjamin Cram, a 

farmer of Bradford. Three children. 

122. ii. Samuel, b. Feb. 1, 1812.+ 

123. iii. Lucy, b. Nov. 15, 1814; d. Mar. 7, 1852; m. Apr. 9, 1846, Joel 

Severance, a farmer. One son. 

124. iv. Lydia, m. May 20, 1841, Edmund Dole, a farmer of Clare- 

mont. Two sons. 

125. v. Francis Parker, b. Aug. 25, 1820.+ 

126. vi. Relief, b. Mar. 1, 1822; d. May, 1822. 

127. vii. Jeremiah, b. May 2, 1824; d. Dec, 1824. 

128. viii. Henry Ames, b. Dec. 8, 1827; m. Apr. 24, 1851, Elvira C. 


35. Samuel^ (Francis^, Francis*, Joseph^, Francis^, Rob- 
ert^), b. Mar. 19, 1789; d. July 9, 1845 ;'m. 1814, Annie Bodwell 
of Antrim. He was a farmer and a prominent citizen of 
Antrim until his death. He held all the important town of- 
fices, and was a deacon. Children : 

129. i. Lydia, b. Jan. 8, 1815; m. Nov. 4, 1834, Reuben Hills. Three 


130. ii. Louisa, b. June 26. 1816; d. Aug. 30, 1845; m. Feb., 1842, G. 

W. Winship of Nashua. Two children. 

131. iii. Hannah Wright, b. Mar. 17, 1818; m. Oct. 23, 1838, Milton 

Hills. Removed to Bunker Hill, Til., and thence to Kansas. 
Two children. 

132. iv. Joanna Crombie, b. Jan. 24, 1820; m. Sept. 27, 1847, J. H. 

Muzzer. Removed to Bunker Hill, 111. Four children. 

133. v. Rachel Bodwell, b. Sept. 23, 1823; m. Samuel Fletcher (122). 

134. vi. Samuel Anson, b. Sept. 27, 1824; m. Apr. 29, 1851, Harriet 

M. Crane. Removed to Bunker Hill, 111., 1857. He was a 
cattle-broker. Three children. 


History of New Ipswicli 

135. vii. Sarah Eveline, b. Dec. 27, 1827; m. May 20, 1847, John R. 

Gregg, a farmer of Peterboro. Three children. 

136. viii. Francis, b. May 3, 1830; d. Apr. 4, 1831. 

137. ix. Martha Jane, b. May 15, 1832; m. (1) John Johnson, two 

children; (2) 1864, Henry Wise of Summerfield, 111. 

38. Peter^ (Peter^, Ephraim^ Joshua*, Joshua^, William^, 
Robert^), b. New Ipswich, Jan. 8, 1768; d. Jan. 2, 1852; m. 
Alstead, July 7, 1799, Thirza Taylor [b. Brookfield, Mass., 
Nov. 15, 1778; d. Feb. 16, 1833]. Until 1838 he lived at Al- 
stead, where he kept a tavern for nearly the whole time, also 
a store for many years, and in addition he was a blacksmith 
and a farmer. He was prominent in church and town afifairs, 
and was a militia captain. In 1838 he removed to Indiana, 
and thence to Johnstown, Wis., where he died at the home of 
his second son. Children : 

138. i. Thomas Oilman, b. June 14, 1801. -(- 

139. ii. James H., b. July 18, 1803; d. Aug. 8, 1813. 

140. iii. John Adams, b. Apr. 2, 1806.-f 

141. iv. Sophia Emily, b. Apr. 16, 1807; m. James H. Rogers. Res. 

Milwaukee, Wis. Ten children. 

142. V. Amelia Calista, b. Jan. 3, 1810; m. 1842, Elnathan Gregory 

of Laporte, Ind. Six children. 

143. vi. Ruth Bacheller, b. Nov. 29, 1813; m. 1839, James Bowers 

of Racine, Wis. Two children. 

144. vii. Hervey Taylor, b. Mar. 2, 1816; d. Laporte, Ind., 1836, unm. 

145. viii. George Franklin, b. Feb. 7, 1818; d. Aug. 19, 1850, unm. 

He was a merchant. 

39. Ebenezer^ (Peter®, Ephraim^, Joshua*, Joshua^, Wil- 
liam^, Robert^), b. New Ipswich, May 17, 1770; d. Colebrook, 
Aug. 22, 1843 ; m. Peday Smith. He was a carpenter. Chil- 
dren ; 

146. i. Lucretia Eliza, b. Sept. 6, 1804; m. Cyrus Eames. Res. 

Green Bay, Wis. 

147. ii. Hiram Adams, b. Dec. 14, 1806.+ 

148. iii. Kimball Bacheller, b. Sept. 13, 1810.-J- 

149. iv. Mary Hasham, b. Feb. 28, 1813; m. Archelaus Cummings. 

Res. Colebrook. 

150. V. Lucy Ann, b. Dec. 27, 1823; m. Enoch L. Colby. Res. Lan- 

caster. Four children. 

40. David^ (Peter®, Ephraim^, Joshua*, Joshua^, William^, 
Robert^), b. Dec. 28, 1772; d. Jan. 26, 1834; m. 1795, Sally 
Lovell. He was a farmer at Springfield, Vt. Children : 

151. i. Oliver L., b. Oct. 15, 1795.+ 

152. ii. Adams, b. Feb. 9, 1797.-f 

153. iii. Frink, b. Dec. 13, 1799.+ 



154. iv. Jehiel, b. Jan. 23, 1801.+ 

155. V. David, b. Nov. 2, 1802.+ 

156. vi. Asa, b. Jan. 27, 1805; d. 1805. 

157. vii. Lyman, b. Sept. 17, 1807.+ 

158. viii. Laura, b. Jan. 25, 1809; m. 1830, Jacob Stoddard. 

159. ix. Peter Emerson, b. Aug. 16, 1810.+ 

160. X. Josiah, b. June 8, 1812; m. 1849, Mary Raynesford of Ches- 

terfield. He was a farmer. 

161. xi. Aaron Dean, b. Sept. 15, 1817. He was an artist at Keeseville, 

N. Y. 

43. James^ (Peter«, Ephra^m^ Joshua*, Joshua^ William^, 
Robert^), b. Dec. 26, 1778; d. Brooklyn, N. Y., May, 1850; m. 
Aztibah Gale [d. Sept., 1818]. He was a farmer at Alstead. 
Children : 

162. i. James Gardiner, d. Detroit, Mich., 1836. 

163. ii. Adeline, m. Washington A. Batchelder (21). 

164. iii. Horace Rice, b. Mar. 11, 1814. -f 

165. iv. Mary Ann. 

57. John Augustus'^ (Sampson^, Sampson^ Samuel*, Wil- 
liam^ Samuel-, Robert^), b. Sept. 5, 1825; d. Sept. 15, 1902; m. 

twice, the second wife being Mary A. [b. Mar. 15, 1834; 

d. Sept. 30, 1908]. In youth he enlisted in the U. S. Navy, 
and was upon the first frigate entering the harbor of San 
Francisco just before the Mexican War, in which war he did 
service. He resided in Boston for a long time, but his later 
years were passed in his native town, where he died. Child — 
of first marriage : 

166. i. Katherine M. R, b. Dec. 3, 1859; d. Oct. 24, 1883. 

58. Ch.\rles Rodney^ (Sampson^, Sampson^, Samuel*, 
William^ SamueP, Robert^), b. Dec. 18, 1827; d. May 15, 1895; 
m. July 2, 1849, Sarah J. Mattoon of Peterboro fb. about 1831 ; 
d. July 6, 1886]. He was an able tinworker, and during most 
of his life he had his shop in New Ipswich. Children — all of 
whom died in early infancy : 

167. i. Charles E., d. Mar. 4, 1850. 

168. ii. Herbert L., d. Apr. 27, 1851. 

169. iii. Edward R., d. Oct. 16, 1854. 

59. William Henry^ (Sampson*', Sampson^, Samuel*, Wil- 
liam^ SamueF, Robert^), b. Nov. 4, 1829; d. Feb. 23, 1886; m. 
Feb., 1850, Mary J. Howard of Temple [b. about 1829; d. Sept. 
25, 1861]. He passed most of his life as a cigarmaker in New 
Ipswich. Children: 

170. i. William Henry, b. Nov. 28, 1850; d. Dec. 4, 1880, unm. 


History of New Ipswich 

171. ii. Helen Sabrina, b. Apr. 20, 1852 ; m. and has two children. 

172. iii. George Woodbury, b. Jan. 3, 1855 ; m. and has children. He 

is a mechanic in Maine. 

63. Ebenezer'^ (Ebenezer^, John^, Timothy*, Samuel^, 
Francis^, Robert^), b. New Ipswich, Oct.